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00 NOl 

Et10 fL f ..01'1 LIBRARY 

NUARY 1934 
'. 1 

1ed end Published 




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tlûn.ftøJ_' POWDE.RS Anon-__ \;,".' I 
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l.iab powders are Ideal for fretful babies- prescribedbV physicians throughout 
duriIlg teething-to relieve feverishIle8s 
Ild j, the world in the treatment of 
cOIUltipatioIl-wheIlever a safe and gentle. laxative " 
is Ileeded. Free samples gladly supplied, also Ij 
copies of cOllcise practical booklet, "Hints to I 
Mothers." Addrel!l! JOHN STEEDMAN & CO., 
504 St. Lawrence Blvd., MOlltreal. 

General Health 

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A Victoria Nurse say.: 
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Large Size 25c, Small10c 
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the inner 8uriace of each 
capsule. thu.


Plea.. mention "The Canedlan Nu...... wtMn NPIJ'lng to Advertls... 




supporting treatment is essential 
To renew the impoverished blood stream, to replenish the 
constant mineral depletion, and to overcome the neural 
depression, there is no better tonic than Fellows' Syrup for 
the parturient and post-parturient patient. 
Suggested dose: One teaspoonful t. i.d. in water. 



286 St. Paul Street, West, Montreal, Canada. 

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Registered at Ottawa, Canada, as second class matter. 

Editor and Business Manager: 
ETHEL JOHNS, Reg. N., Suite 401, 1411 Crescent Street. Montreal, P.Q. 



Edwards S. Mills. MD. ]0 
Agnes J. Macleod ]6 
,Isabel M. MacIntosh ]8 
Mary B. Millman 21 
R. M. 'f ansey 25 
















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Please address all correspondence to: 
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- PHilLIPS 0:'-'- ) 
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Each tablet represents a tea- 
spoonful of Genuine Phillips' 
Milk of Magnesia. The same 
purity, accuracy and depend- 
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are in evidence in the tablets. 
The pleasant taste and porta- 
bility appeal to the patient. 
Particularly adapted to use 
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As an antacid for adults, the 
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tablets; as a mild laxative 
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Prepared only by 
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Selling Agents: 
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to relieve the distressing symptoms 
quickly, safely. 
For this purpose BiSoDoL offers a val- 
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The combined action of magnesium 
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neutralization of excess acid without 
tending to set up an alkalosis. Anti- 
flatulents and flavorings provide 
additional aid in combating acid in- 


Doses Ùl Colds 

The ba.lanced formula of BiSoDoL enables the 
physician to bui:d "alkali-resistance" by giv- 
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M.D., Director, Central Medical Statistical Bureau, New York 
Department of Hospitals. 
This new work of Dr. Martin is an authoritative description of a valuable and interesl- 
ing phase of hospital work, which can be readily adapted to the work of Hospitals or 
Clinics regardless of size or present procedure. 
Paper Bound $1.15; Leather Bound $1.75. 

THE ART OF ANI.STHESIA, by P. J. Flagg, New York. 
Surgery Gynecology and Obstetrics Journal says: ". . . this volume is in a class by itself. 
The fin
l chapter on 'The Point of View of the Patient' is, in its way, a classic." 
419 Pa
es; 149 illustrations. $5.50. 

F. Barker, M.D., Professor Emeritus of Medicine, Johns Hopkins 
U niversi ty. Just issued. .\19 pa
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Note:-on all LipI:incott Nursing Books we allow Hospitals a discount 
of 20 %. besides prepaying carriage charges. Order direct for prompt 
delivery. Any or all of the above books on approval, if you wish. 




Children's Memorial Hospital 


A three months course is offered to Graduate 
Nurses which includes systematized theoretical 
instruction and supervised clinical experience 
in the following services: 

General Hygienic Management 
and Nursing of Children. 
Nursing Care and Feeding of 
Nursing Care of Orthopaedic 
Medical Asepsis and Cubicle 

A certificate will be granted upon the suc- 
cessful completion of the course. 
Full maintenance and an allowance of $10.00 
per month will be provided. 
For further particulars apply to: 

School for Graduate Nurses 


Director: BERTHA HARMER, R.N., M.A. 


Teaching in Schools of Nursing 
Supervision in Schools of 
Administration in Schools of 
Public Health Nursing 
Supervision in Public Health 

A certificate is granted upon successful comple- 
tion of all approved programme of studies, 
covering a period of one academic year, in any 
of the above courses. 
A diploma is granted upon succeBBful comple- 
tion of a major course, covering a period of 
two academic years. 
For information apply to: 
McGill University. Montreal 

VOL. xxx, No. I 

The Canad ian 


A Monthly Journal for the Nurses of Canada 
Published by the Canadian Nurses Association 

Vol. XXX 




In the December Issue of the Journal, 
there appeared the first of a series of 
editorials dealing with the contemporary 
nursing scene in Canada and based on 
observations made during a recent tour 
which took the writer into eight of the 
nine provinces of the Dominion. It was 
made clear at the outset. and is repeated 
here, that no attempt will be made to 
report upon the specific undertakings of 
the various provincial nursing associa- 
tions. Official channels exist through 
which such information is made available 
from time to time. The purpose of these 
articles is, in the first place, to reflect and 
to integrate the general trend of nursing 
thought and, in the second place, to dis- 
cuss that trend in the light of some out- 
standing studies which have recently been 
made of the present status of nursing. 
Before proceeding further it may be wise 
to review the principal points of the 
initial article, and a hrief summary oi 
them follows: 
As Things ATe To-day 
I. Nursing morale is still good. Nurses 
have not lost faith in themselves nor in 
their organizations. 
2. Artificial distinctions between nurs- 
ing groups are less apparent. Hospital 
nurses, private duty nurses, public health 
nurses are beginning to seek common 
ground and to make common cause. 
3. More attention is being paid to the 
economic than to the educational aspects 
of nursing. This change of emphasis is 
due to the growing distress caused hy 
prolonged unemployment. 

(This is the second of a series of editorials dealing 
with nursing conditions in Canada ) 

JANUARY, 1934 

4. This distress is being felt more 
acutely by private duty nurses than by 
any other nursing group, but it affects :iIi 
groups indirectly. 
5. Private duty nurses admit the ne- 
cessity of sharing their burden with the 
other nursing groups and these groups in 
turn are beginning to admit a common 
6. Nurses generally are slowly ceasing 
to look back. and are beginning to face 
the necessity for constructive thinking lI1 
a time of social and economic change. 
Where to Begin 
Nursing does not exist in a vacuum but 
is part and parcel of community life. It 
is, indeed, a public utility for which the 
community itself is. or ought to be, re- 
sponsible. Before constructive thinking 
can begin, we must proceed to further 
analysis of the factors which have given 
rise to the existing situation and must 
answer some searching questions such "is 
1. To what extent dre the present mal- 
(l(.lJustments the result of economic forces 
which are completely beyond our control? 
2. To what extent are we. as nursQ, 
responsible for some of these maladjust 
We are at least fortunate in that we 
have at our disposal an abundance of 
authoritative information which sheds 
considerable light on our problem. Our 
own Canadian Survey is a mine. the rich- 
ness of which we are just beginning to 
appreciate. So far we have given more 
attention to its educational findings than 
to its economic implications, but from its 
pages we may learn that in 1929, before 




the depression had begun to make itself 
felt, unemployment was severe, especially 
in the private duty field. The National 
Joint Study Committee is now guiding 
the various provincial committees in an 
intensive study of the Survey and, there' 
fore, a recapitulation of its findings need 
not be made here. It might be of interest 
however to note how closely these are re' 
lated to those of another and even more 
comprehensive study, made in the United 
States, under the direction of the Com' 
mittee on the Costs of Medical Care. 

The Costs oj Medical Care 
The Committee on the Costs of Medi, 
cal Care was formed in 1927, and com' 
pleted its five'year programme of study 
and research in 1932. Never before, in 
any other country, has such a far'reachin
study of the economics of medical care 
been undertaken. On the Committee were 
represented all the professions, vocations, 
and institutions concerned with the pro' 
motion of health and the care of illness. 
Its chairman was Dr. Ray Lyman Wilbur, 
himself a physician and. at that time, Sec' 
retary of the Interior under the adminis' 
tration of President Hoover. Two nurses 
were included in its membership: Mary 
M. Roberts. editor of the American Jour' 
nal of Nursing, and Elizabeth Fox, Ex' 
ecutive Director of the Visiting Nurses 
Association of New Haven. Miss Katha' 
rine Tucker. director of the National 
organization for Public Health Nursing, 
prepared certain reports on nursing for 
the Committee. The writer, at that time 
nurse associate to the American Commit, 
tee on the Grading of Nursing Schools, 
gave some assistance in preparing the 
chapter on nursing which forms a part of 
Publication No. 27. 'The Costs of Medical 
Care; this volume constitutes a summary 
of the findings and recommendations of 
the Committee as a whole. 
Angle oj Approach 
It must be kept clearly in mind that 
the approach of this Committee was 

purely from the economic angle. The 
question under consideration was: What 
are the costs of medical care? The Com' 
mittee did not concern itself with educa, 
tion except when, as in the case of nurs' 
ing, education affected costs. It dId not 
concern itself with the well,being of any 
professional group. Its primary interest 
was in the cost to the public of the various 
medical services. of which nursing is one. 
What the Committee Found 
It should be remembered that these 
findings apply to the year 1929 when 
"prosperity" was supposedly at its height. 
and that in view of this fact. their present 
importance is greatly enhanced. The in' 
vestigators reported that at that time the 
situation was as follows: 
1. The nursing needs of the commu' 
nity are far from being met because, Ull' 
der existing economic conditions. the 
large majority of its members cannot af, 
ford to pay for the nursing service they 
2. The supply of graduate nurses 
greatly exceeds the actual though not the 
þotent:al demand for their services. 
3. Of 213,800 graduate nurses, 55.2 
per cent are in private duty service and 
similar fields. 8.8 per cent in public health 
work and industrial medical service. and 
36.0 per cent in institutions such as hos' 
pitals and clinics. 
4. Nurses, like physicians, tend to con' 
centrate in the larger cities and in the 
more populous states. where wealth is 
most concentrated and where hospitals 
are most numerous. Thus. rural commu' 
nities. with no local hospitals, suffer 
greatly from a shortage of trained nurses. 
5. Private duty nurses are employed 
only from twenty to thirty'seven weeks 
per year. In some instances the number 
of weeks of actual service was as low as 
6. In spite of widespread unemploy' 
ment, graduate private duty nurses are by 
no means willing to accept all types ot 
VOL. xxx. No. 1 


cases. Their hospital training has been 
limited to practice under conditions of 
rigid routine and maximum convenience. 
Especially when the patient lives in the 
country, in a house with few modern con- 
veniences, is it difficult to find a graduate 
nurse who is willing to adapt herself to 
primitive living and working conditions. 
In a study made in Shelby County, In- 
diana, the following figures, obtained from 
a registry in Indianapolis, indicate the 
types of cases likely to be refused by 
graduate private duty nurses: 
Total nurses registered 300 
Willing to take any kind of case - 86 
Refusing obstetrical cases 56 
Refusing contagious cases 100 
Refusing mental cases 35 
Refusing night duty 25 
Refusing all but city calls 60 
7. Although a high degree of skill, 
based on training and experience, is neces- 
sary to the practice of bedside nursing at 
a professional level, much of the bedside 
service required is of the type which can 
be provided either by some member of the 
family or by some person who has the 
knack of making patients comfortable. 
For this reason subsidia ry attendants, or 
so-called prdctical nurses, who antedate 
the graduate nurse histarically, offer com- 
petition to the trained nurse, and through 
their willingness to combine housework 
and domestIc tasks with bedside care, 
meet a very real need in households where 
the family routine is disrupted through 
the illness of the housekeeper. 
Is This True of Canada? 
It may well be that all nurses wIll not 
agree with the statements of the Commit- 
tee on the Costs of Medical Care which 
are quoted above. The Committee plainly 
sa ys that, in its judgment, there is a need 
for a subsídiary nursing group. Further- 
more, it accuses the nursing group of dis- 
crimination against certain types of ill- 
ness, against night duty, against work In 
the rural districts. Did these conditions 
ever exist in Canada? Do they exist now? 
If so, why? Even though we can give 



proof that none of these sins maybe laid 
at our door we are yet faced with the 
economic impasse so ably outlined in the 
Committee's summary quoted below. <- 
The Crux oj the Situation 
Briefly stated, the central economic 
problem is as follows: a large number 
of hospitals very naturally seek to re- 
duce their heavy operating expenses by 
conducting schools of nursing and utiliz- 
ing students, instead of graduate nurses, 
as a working force. Upon graduation 
 majority of these students engage in 
pnvate practice because no other avenue 
of employment is readily open to them. 

he field of private duty nursing is 
hIghly competitive because of the num- 

er of nurses already engaged in it, and 
IS further limited because the only per- 
sons who can afford to pay for the ex- 
clusive services of a single nurse belong 
to that restricted group who fall within 
the higher income brackets. Meanwhile 
In so far as the great mass of the popu: 
lation is concerned, the need, as distinct 
from the effective demand for nursing 
service, goes unmet and will continue to 
do so until some system of distribution 
of nursing costs can be devised which 
will bridge the economic gap between 
patient and nurse. If the community 
were in a position to pay for adequate 
nursing service for all its members, the 
present apparent surplus of nurses might 
be transformed into a shortage. Under 
existing economic conditions such a con- 
tingency may seem remote but never- 
theless it must come to pass if good 
medical care is to be made available to 
all the people. 
The Need for Thought 
Though the time may not be ripe tor 
action, at least we can do some hard 
thinking. The Committee on the Costs 
of Medical Care has made a diagnosIs 
which is worthy of the best thought we 
can give to it. Once we know where thl: 
trouhle lice: we can seck a remedy. Tn 



our own Survey, Dr. Weir suggests cer- sound and equitable economic basi'). 
tain plans; the Committee on the Costs These should be examined with an open 
of Medical Care suggests others. Nurses mind. 
themselves ne trying out new ideas, Nobody thmks that we shall reach the 
some of them limited in scope, but desired goal next week, or next month, or 
useful as actual laboratory experiments. next year. It may be that our generation 
In the February issue of the Journal may never see the Promised Land. Yet 
mention will be made of some of the we shall have set our feet on the right 
steps which have been recommended by path. There will be deserts to cross and 
competent authorities, Canadian and mountains to climb. What is that to 
American, as likely to lead to the estab- Canadians? We are pioneers and we 
ìishment of the practice of nursing on a march to the horizon. 
(7'0 be continu.ed) 

J. M. 

Somehow I suspect a twinkle in Dr. 
Atlee's eye as he gently drops us in a bed 
of Scotch thistles and sits back with a 
chuckle to watch our reaction. There are 
always two sides to every question, so 
allow me to air my views as a nurse, in 
the sequence of probationer, student, pri- 
vate duty nurse, instructor and superin- 
tendent. The steam gauge is set at dan- 
gerous and the safety valve must blow off, 
whether the resultant blast wIll ever be 
heard or not. So here goes. 
Utility! Well, perhaps short s
are best from the aseptic point of view, 
but has the doctor considered, as ..1.11 
aesthete, what those short sleeves would 
reveal to his delicate sensibilities? As for 
the oper

ting room, most hospitals have 
a special dress, meeting the requirements 
of Dr. Atlee, hut not popular with th
students for reasons not known to nh'. 
The twill horror! How I would love to 
see it, for apparently my twenty years 
have led me in pleasant paths beside fresh, 
dainty colours in gingham and cottons. 
The bib and apron, as every nurse knows, 
cover those parts of the dress in most 
need of protection from the accidents met 
with in their work. They can be changed 
easily, whereas a one-piece uniform, be- 
ing unprotected, usually necessitates a 

change almost to the skin, and at times a 
bath. Presumably the doctor has never 
viewed the garments below the twill hor- 
ror. Tell it not in Gath, but too often 
they are almost a minus quantity in hot 
weather-a fact not lightly to be brushed 
aside in making the change to a dress 
conforming to all the requirements of an 
Cleanliness! 0, man, great was your 
faith when you laid down your premises 
there. Go you and do likewise. Nurs
cannot afford to be clothed thus and the 
hospital laundry would be overwhelmed 
if the uniform of white were kept as it 
should be. 
Those caps! Do not dare to blame poor 
old Alma Mater nor the superintendent. 
Even in a school with rigid rules, each 
student manipulates "the little blob or 
hird's wing': to her individualistic slant, 
with disastrous results so far as the en- 
hancement of her charm is concerned. 
Those .shoes! A chance to talk about 
footwear will relieve my pent-up feelings. 
You may lead a horse to water but you 
cannot make him drink. Reams could be 
written and hours consumed in talking 
feelingly on experiences in this connec- 
tion. Tell probationers that shoes will be 
purchased after arrival, on prescription 
VOL. xxx, No. 1 


by an orthopaedic surgeon, give them a 
shoe scientifically correct for their feet 
and conforming to aesthetic principles, 
and what is the result? Each student ar/ 
rives with shoes already bought and in/ 
sists these are the only kind she can wear. 
Insist on the correct type and it entails 
daily, yes, hourly watchfulness on the 
parf of the instructor, the superintendent 
or whom you please, to prevent the stu/ 
dent from appearing in anything and 
everything from a dainty evening slipper 
to a sport brogue. And the graduate 
nurse shows even less sense. This poor 
superintendent has shed tears of rage, 
gnashed her teeth and stamped her feet 
at the stubborn stupidity of silly children. 
And what did it avail? Absolutely 
nothing, except a row with the hospital 
authorities (men) over her interference 
witn the personal liberty of the students 
and the prerogatives of the Board. 
White shoes or black? The arguments 
for and against seem to go in favour of 
black. White should be immaculate and 
therefore are impossible for the general 
duty or student nurse. Besides, as all fed 


are not beautiful nor shapely, black shoes 
prove most flattering in line and are more 
easily kept in a well/polished, attractive 
Man, since the time of Adam, has 
blamed everything on woman. If super/ 
intendents of nurses ever dared to throw 
back on the shoulders of hospital boards 
and medical staffs their criticisms and 
fault-finding about training school ad/ 
ministration, when the superintendent !5 
really carrying out their dictated policy, 
it is greatly to be feared that the death 
rate from shock among the male sex 
would amount to astounding heights with 
ama4Ïng rapidity. Just as long as men are 
as silly as sheep in their attitude towards 
their own clothing, it ill behooves them 
to point the finger of scorn at the poor, 
feeble, stereotyped-minded female. Let 
us have a real Irish free/for' all fight on 
this question of clothes in general, and 
nurses' raiment in particular. Sadly, how, 
ever, I resign myself to the inevitable. It 
will never happen, for . . . who dares 
to throw the first stone? 

MATILDA E. FITZGER.l\LD, Secretary-Treasurer, ReRistered NursE's Association of Ontario. 

The Canadian Nurses Association is cele- 
brating its twenty-fifth anniversary from June 
26 to 30, 1934, and every province wishes to 
make this meeting an outstanding one. The 
Registered Nurses Association of Ontario is 
particularly anxious to do all in its power to 
help, because the National Association was 
founded, and its anniversary is to be cele- 
brated, within their own Province of Ontario. 

JANUARY, 19'14 

The Provincial Association has therefore de- 
cided to withdraw its usual Easter week Con- 
vention in 1934, and to substitute for it a one- 
day session of the Registered Nurses Associa- 
tion of Ontario on Monday, June 25, 1934, 
immediately prior to the meeting of the Can- 
adian Nurses Association. Let the nurses of 
Ontario plan to make this a real Convention 


EDWARD S. MILLS. M.Sc., M.D.. the Montreal General Hospital, Montreal. 

There is no finer example of what the 
combined efforts of the laboratory and 
the clinician have accomplished towards 
the conquest of disease than the last-writ- 
ten chapter in the treatment of pernicious 
anaemia. Let me paint for you very 
briefly the picture as I saw it as an interne 
ten years ago and as it is to-day. I can 
best do this by citing two caseS, one of 
which was admitted to the medical wards 
in 1924 and the second in 1929. Both 
patients were young men of forty. The 
first was a dry goods clerk who fir.-;t 
noticed, in the year 1920, that he could 
not get about the store as readily as for- 
merly. His legs kept going numb and h
would stub his toes on climbing stairs. 
He no longer en joyed his food because of 
indigestion. Fatigue overtook him long 
before the end of the day and he became 
breathless on slight exertion. Later his 
friends began to comment upon his pale 
yellowish colour. He strove for a few 
months to provide for his young family 
but one day he was found in a faint and 
was taken to the Montreal General Hos- 
pital. Examination revealed a profound 
anaemia of the pernicious type. He was 
placed upon a diet of lettuce, beets, spin' 
ach and red undercooked meat and was 
given three Blaud's pills a day with as 
much arsenic as he could tolerate. This 
did little but aggravate his digestive 
symptoms. Finally in desperation he was 
transfused a couple of times and dis- 
charged - "condition improved." Six 
months later he was re'admitted paler and 
weaker than ever. He was no longer able 
to use his legs and could not entirely 
control his sphincters. Transfusions were 
again resorted to until finally friendly 
death came to the rescue. 
Contrast this for a moment with the 
second man of forty admitted in 1929. 
This young man, a submarine commander 
in the American Navy, began, in 1925, 
to notice difficulty in maintaining his pos ' 
(Abstract of a lecture delivered before the Quebec 
Dietetics Association. October 2 
, 193:\.) 


ture in the tossing ship. He further com' 
plained of numbness of his hands when 
at the controls. He was losing his nerve. 
Reporting sick, he was found to have per- 
nicious anaemia and discharged as incur- 
able. He obtained a position as engineer 
in a power corporation and carried on 
best he could for two or three years, 
eventually being driven to and from his 
work. Finally grave anaemia supervened 
and he was forced to take to his bed be' 
cause of the weakness and loss of control 
of his legs. In this state he was admitted 
to the Montreal General Hospital in 
1929. He was not placed upon a diet but 
was prescribed two small vials of a 
brownish powder daily and sent home 
with a promise of hope rather than de- 
spair. That powder was liver extract. In 
six months he walked into the laboratoïy 
with the support of two sticks but 
stronger and a good colour. A year la
he had discarded his sticks and was play' 
ing a little golf. To,day he controls the 
company of which he was engineer, walks 
to and from work. dances, and when he 
can find time. plays eighteen holes of 
golf. And he is only one of many men 
with this disease who have been given 
back to their families and to their busi' 
ness through the magic of this extract. 
Now I propose to trace briefly the 
various steps which led to a better recog' 
nition of the underlying defects which 
predispose to this dread disease and to 
show you how it has been all but mas' 
teredo In order to observe strictly the 
sequence of events it will be necessary to 
speak first of the development of liver ex' 
tract and then work back to a discussion 
of the probable modus operandi of the 
Some ten years ago Dr. George Whip' 
pIe of Rochester and his associates, as a 
result of rather exhaustive experiments 
on anaemic dogs, discovered that liver is 
far superior to most other foodstuffs in 
what we call the anti-anaemic factor. It 

VOL. xxx, No. 1 


is a long way from dogs wIth a post- 
haemorrhagic anaemia to pernicious an- 
aemia in the human species but the gap 
WåS bridged rather rapidly through th
co-operation of Minot of Harvard. Per' 
haps . they bethought themselves of the 
story of Hiram Richer of Poland Springs. 
A much'pri
ed cow was ill of some ob, 
scure disease. Placed in a new pasture 
the cow was observed by Hiram to drink 
long and deeply of the waters of a eel" 
tain spring. Contrary to expectations the 
cow got well, and arguing that what is 
good for beasts must be equally good for 
men, Hiram founded the celebrated spa 
at Poland Springs. In any event, Minot 
gave liver a clinical trial in pernicious 
anaemia and found that his patients rap' 
idly got well. He at once put his entire 
laboratory to work on the problem. It 
was not long before Cohn was able to 
extract from the liver a dry powder 
which contained practically all the active 
principle effective in arresting the dis' 
ease. The credit for further purification 
of this active principle belongs to many 
laboratories. At the present time the ex' 
tract is given intramuscularly once a fort' 
night in the form of a clear brown liquid 
which has forty times the potency of the 
original extract and at one,tenth of the 
cost to the patient. To,day the patient 
with this disease can keep well at a C05t 
of about fifty cents per week and very 
little pain or inconvenience. 
Why is liver extract effective in the 
control of pernicious anaemia? Many 
years ago John Hunter, a student of the 
disease, was impressed by the fact that 
patients with pernicious anaemia never 
had any hydrochloric acid in their gas' 
tric contents. Gastric acidity performs 
several important functions. It renders 
pepsin effective, splits disaccharides into 
glucose, and acts as a disinfectant to all 
kinds of micro,organisms ingested with 
the food. Hunter conceived the idea that 
the absence of hydrochloric acid from the 
gastric secretion allows certain pathogenic 
JANUARY, 1934 


micro,organisms to gain access to the In' 
testinal tract from which they enter th-:: 
body and poison the blood, forming tis- 
sues. However, he was unable to prove 
his theory. 
After the advent of liver and liver ex' 
tract, Castle, of Harvard, took up a study 
of this problem in a rather novel fashion. 
He availed himself of an adequate supply 
of patients suffering from pernicious an' 
aemia and a goodly number of medical 
students. From the latter he obtained a 
copious supply of normal gastric juice, 
by the simple means of passing the 
stomach tube. He then supplied this nor' 
mal gastric juice to the patients with per' 
nicious anaemia along with their meals. 
It soon became evident that the patients 
reacted to this treatment in the same 
manner as they did to liver or liver ex' 
tract. His next experiment was to mix 
normal gastric juice and Hamburg steak 
in vitro, incubate it and give it to other 
patients by means of the stomach tube. 
Again the patients reacted favorably. 
The next experiment consisted in mixing 
gastric juice obtained from one pernicious 
anaemia patient with Hamburg steak, in' 
cubating it and feeding it to anoth'
patient with the disease. Improvement 
did not follow. The conclusion was th:tt 
normal gastric juice contains some sub, 
stance which, acting with food, liberat
another factor which is responsible for 
the improvement noted in the patients ill 
with this disease. He called the factor in 
the food the extrinsic factor and the.. one 
in the gastric juice the intrinsic factor. 
It was not difficult to prove that it was 
not hydrochloric acid but its exact nature 
still remains somewhat of a mystery. 
You may ask why liver e.
tract cures 
this disease when the defect is one of 
gastric secretion. The explanation is that 
the unknown factor which in some W3.y 
stimulates blood formation is actually de 
veloped in the intestinal tract but is 
stored in the liver. You \VilJ recall that 
other substances resulting from digestion 



are also stored in the liver. Glucose or 
its isomer glycogen is a good example. 
Hence results the efficacy of liver and Its 
extracts in the treatment of pernicious 
anaemia. In further support of Castle's 
explanatIOn of the pathogenesis of this 
disease are his observations on tropical 
sprue, a disease in some respects similar 
to pernicious anaemia. He has repeated 
the experiments already enumerated on 
cases of tropical sprue. In this disease 
the anaemia is like that of pernicious an' 
aemia but the gastric secretion is norm:l.l. 
The intrinsic factor is present but the 
food lacks the other necessary substance, 
the extrinsic factor. There is further evi' 
dence that this extrinsic factor may be 
Vitamin B 2. Thus the pernicious an' 
aemia patient lacks the intrinsic factor 
present in the gastric secretion, whereas 

the patient with sprue lacks the other 
necessary substance derived from the diet 
-the extrinsic factor. Both of these mU5t 
be present to prevent an anaemia of the 
pernicious type. 
This brings to an end a chapter if?- the 
history of pernicious anaemia, but this 
does not complete the book. It is true 
that we have robbed the disease of many 
of its terrors but it is not cured. This 
beneficial effect of extracts of liver in 
pernicious anaemia may be compared 
with those of insulin in diabetes. Medi' 
cine cannot give immortality but it should 
enable us all to live out our full lives, 
"Death, coming in due and not undue 
time, is shorn of all his terrors, when 
every man and every woman shall come 
to his grave in a full age, like a shock of 
corn cometh in, in his season." 


Elsewhere in our columns will be found 
references to "Our Bit," the war memo' 
ries of a Canadian Nursing Sister, by ex' 
Nursing Sister Clint, A.R.R.C., which it 
is hoped, will shortly be published. This 
book has been read, in manuscript, by 
Matron,in,Chief Margaret Macdonald, 
and she has been kind enough to allow 
the Journal to publish her impressions of 
The publication of this volume, which has 
been prepared by Nursing Sister Clint, 
A.R.R.C., promises a red,letter day for 
members of the nursing profession. Sister 
Clint has aptitude for observation and 
vivid description. The reader embarks at 
Quebec in 1914, and after a voyage unique 
in the history of Canada, landing is made at 
Plymouth and so on to London, to tarry im' 
patiently until the war hospitals of Northern 
France are reached. Henceforth active service 

presents a continuous passing scene. Work is 
unceasing. duty never falls to the level of rou' 
tine, pathos battles with humour, and all the 
while something higher transcending all. As 
in army life nothing ever seems permanent 
but change, sooner or later the poppy,laden 
fields of Picardy are left behind. Incidental 
contact is made with the land of the Sphinx, 
the voyager continuing to the Near East. Here, 
upon the classic shores of the Ægean Sea, Can- 
adian hospitals spring into being under unusual 
and unforeseen conditions. A spectacle not 
easily forgotten is presented. Scutari comes 
to mind and the faithful adherents of the 
Lady with the Lamp reflect, as they ever must, 
her gentle radiance. "Our Bit" should be in 
every hospital library. Reading it one may 
fancy one's self as occupying an orchestra 
chair; for those who viewed war nursing from 
afar the tremendous unrehearsed panorama 
will prove absorbing and enlightening, whilst 
to those who were of the cast, memory will be 
stirred to its depths. 

VOL. XXX, No. 1 


The New Year 
Even though winter lies heavy on the 
land we have passed the turn of the year. 
The winter solstice is over and the sun 1S 
coming north again. We shall not realize 
for quite a long time that the days are 
lengthening just a little. But they are. 
and before we know it, it will be spring. 
It cannot be denied that, in some ways, 
the last three years have been uncomfort- 
ably like a long, hard winter. At this 
season, we have said to each other: per- 
haps it will be better this year. And we 
say it again today, but with a little more 
confidence. Signs are not wanting that 
we have passed the solstice of this winter 
of our discontent, even though we yet 
may have to face some equinoctial gales. 
After all, we have much to hearten us for 
the coming year. We are a united pro- 
fessional group. We have faith in our 
calling, in each other, in ourselves. Not 
to be too solemn about it, let us take as 
our motto for 1934 the popular refrain: 
"Who's afraid of the big bad wolf?" and 
whistle to keep our courage up. 
The Journal in 1934 
This month 'The Canadian Nurse en- 
ters upon the second and concluding year 
of its experimental period. It is gratify- 
ing to find that circulation shows a steady 
upward trend. The number of new sub- 
scribers has considerably increased; the 
lapses are fewer. Without incurring ad- 
ditional expense it has been possible to 
improve the format as well as the content 
of the Journal. None of these things 
could have been done without the sym- 
pathetic direction of the members of the 
national committee on publications, Miss 
Florence Emory and Miss Jean Browne, 
who have done all in their power to assist 
the editor. The conveners of publIca- 
tions for the sections have rendered valu- 
able service: Mrs. Agnes Ha ygarth for 
the public health section, Miss Mildred 
Reid for the nursing education section. 
JANUARY, 1934 

and Miss Jean Davidson for the pri- 
vate duty section, have all sent in 
material which has added greatly to 
the interest and the value of the 
Journal. The attitude of the provin- 
cial associations and of other nurs- 
ing organizations has been most kindly 
and co-operative; at a time when funds 
were low and demands many, they made 
it possible for the editor to visit and ad- 
dress them. All over Canada there are 
individual nurses who have been untiring 
in their efforts to help the enterprise 
along. These women are found in every 
field of nursing and two of the very best 
(no, they do not want their names pub- 
lished) are private duty nurses. 
Taking it by and large, it looks as 
though nurses are coming to believe in 
the Journal and to regard it as a possible 
asset rather than as a hopeless liability. 
They are beginning to see its potentiali- 
ties as a medium for dignified publicity 
concerning the work of their national and 
provincial nursing organizations. They 
realize, more clearly than they did, how 
it might be used to link the provinces to- 
gether, and to integrate and interpret 
nursing thought the country over. Its 
function in binding together the three 
sections of public health, private duty 
and nursing education is better under- 
stood. Perhaps 1933 has been a pretty 
good year after all. In view of present 
conditions, however, undue optimism is 
certainly not justified. The coming year 
will tell the tale. In January, 1935, will 
the two-year experiment prove to have 
been justified by its results, or not? The 
answer to that question is yet far to seek. 
Canadian nurses themselves must answer 
it and on that answer hangs the fate of 
the Journal. In the meantime we have 
three hundred and sixty-five days. Quit
a lot can be done in that time and we 
expect to do it, the big bad wolf to the 
contrary notwithstanding. 



On November 11, 1933, an event of interest 
to all Canadian nurses, and particularly to 
overseas nursing sisters, occurred at the 
Nurses Memorial in the Hall of Fame, Par' 
liament Buildings, Ottawa, following the 
service at the Cenotaph. The laying of a 
wreath at this Memorial was, for the first time, 
made the occasion of a very simple and in' 
formal ceremony. A large number of over- 
seas nursing sisters were present. The Prime 
Minister of Canada, Hon. R. B. Bennett, 
spoke briefly as follows: "V our services were 
magnificent. More than anyone else you knew 
what the war meant. I thank you for asking 
me to join you in paying tribute to your com' 

This year was also marked by the large 
number of lovely floral tributes, a list of which 
follows: Canadian Nurses Association: Post 
162, American Legion, St. Paul, Minnesota: 
in memory of Jean Templeman; London Unit, 
O.N.S.A. of C., London, Ontario; Miss Flora 
Scrimm, Ottawa, in memory of Janet William' 
son; Ottawa Branch, Nursing Sisters of The 
Canadian Legion; Alumnae Association, Ot, 
tawa General Hospital; Alumnae Association, 
Lady Stanley Institute, Ottawa; Ottawa Unit, 
Overseas Nursing Sisters Association. Ottawa 
nursing sisters feel that this informal ceremony 
should create a precedent, and that arrange' 
ments must be made each year to have the 
placing of such tributes done with a simple 
dignity befitting the occasion. 


 .. '\ 
., . 

\ t 



1 I 

COUTU.'V of the C'tltllIdllltl PltCiJic Railwtly. 

vor . XXX, No. 1 


It IS not too soon to begin to make 
plans to attend the Biennial Meeting of 
the Canadian Nurses Association which 
is to be held from June 26 to June 30, 



Courtesy 0/ the Canadian Pacific Railway. 

in Toronto. This is the time of year when 
each Alumnae Association,. no matter 
how d
stant from the place of meeting, 
should decide to have at least one reprc' 
sentative in attendance. There will not 
be another Jubilee until 1959, so let us 
attend this one in order that we may give 
glowing accounts of it, from our wheel' 
chairs, to the youngsters not yet born 
who will rule the roost a quarter of rt 
century hence. 
The president of the Canadian Nurses 
Association, who is incidentally the con' 
vener of the programme committee, wish, 
es it made known that several outstand, 
ing eJucators have already consented to 
he present. On June 26, President 
WalI.Ke of the University of Albertd 
will aJdress the convention at an open 
meeting, and at the banquet to be held 
on June 27, DC(U1 Ira Mackay of McGill 
University will he the speaker of th
Under thc cdption of J..{otes [rum tire 
\lational Office the executive secretary 
of the Canadian Nurses Association giv
much interesting information about th
programme itself anJ also refers to such 
prdctical consiJernions as hotel rates. 
This is the sort of thing to read at meet 
J \NUARY, 1934 

ings when Jelegates are being selected 
and costs considered. It is possible to 
combine a vacation with attendance at 
the Biennial without incurring great 
expense if careful plans are made well 
in advance. If you are coming from 
British Columbia, think of all the won" 
derful mountain resorts you may Viòlt 
at a time when the season is at its height 
and the Alpine meadows at their lov
liest. Or perhaps you are coming from 
Quebec or from the Maritimes. Why 
not see the picturseque Gaspé Peninsula 
dnd explore the Saguenay? Any anJ 
every countryside in Canada is beautiful 
in early summer. 
There may be those who question the 
wisdom of holding national meetings in 
times like these and perhaps there is some' 
thing to be said for the point of view (,f 
the more cautious among us. On the 
other hand, there has never been a greater 
need for mutual understanding and for 
united effort than there is now. We neeJ 
each other as never before. A great deal 
can be done by corresp
mdence but all 
too often the vital spark is wanting. It 
is in the impact of discussion that a new 
flame is kindled. I f our strong sense 0i 
national unity is to be preserved we must, 
from time to time. sit in council and talk 
to each other face to face. 



" a 



." of the ("/1)!/1cfi/1)! P/1C'ific Rill/if . 


Department of Nursing Education 
CONVENI'R OF PUBLICATIO"JS: Miss Mildred Reid. Winnipeg General Hospital. Winnipeg, Man. 


AGNES J. MACLEOD. M.A., Reg. N., Instructor of Nursing Practice, the School of Nursing 
of the VancoU\.er General Hospital. 

Heretofore in the Vancouver General 
Hospital, staff conferences have been held 
weekly and the full graduate staff, with 
the exception of the general duty group, 
has attended. During the past year, how- 
ever, due to the need of revision of the 
nursing procedures, it was felt that time 
should be set aside for the discussion of 
teaching problems by those members of 
the staff primarily concerned with the jll 
struction of the students. As a result, 
during the spring term, teaching staff 
conferences were arranged to alterna:e 
weekly with the regular staff conferences. 
These meetings took the form of round 
table discussions and the group was com- 
prised of all the department supervisOi"s 
and instructors. 
The objectives of these conferences as 
outlined at the first meeting were as 
1. To establish between the superVisors and 
instructors a closer link of understanding; to 
promote co-operation in the teaching of nurs- 
ing practice to the student nurse; to build up 
a common understanding in regard to prin- 
ciples, aims, methods of teaching and of judg- 
ing the efficiency of procedures and the quality 
of student demonstrations. 
2. To survey the Vancouver General Hos 
pital nursing procedures, with the purpose of 
determining just where they fail to carry out 
the basic principles, to meet ward require- 
ments, or to measure up to the demands of the 
Stewart score card. 
3. To revise the present nursing procedures 
in the light of the findings so that they may 
check favourably with the following factors 
suggested in the Stewart score card: Safety; 
therapeutic effect; comfort of patient: economy 
of energy, time and material: workmanship; 
4. To devise an uniform set-up with re- 
spect to definition, purpose, equipment, pro- 
Ledure, and precautionI', <;0 that the procedure 


will be pre
ented concisely, and exactly as it 
is carried out on the wards. 
5. To outline a few new procedures which 
hdve come into use recently. 
Besides considering the above purposes, 
the first meeting provided for the CO'1" 
siùeration of a plan of work, and the set' 
ting up of a basis of criticism which 
would bring to light the difficulties being 
encountered by the supervisors and in' 
structors in carrying out their present 
teaching plan. Discussion of the word 
þrinciþle in relation to nursing practice 
took place and also of the Stewart score 
card for the purpose of procedure 
anal ysis. 
Methods of cledning, disinfecting, and 
sterilizing from the view of physical, 
chemical and bacteriological principl
were the first topics to be examined. In- 
quiries had been made regarding the 
means of disinfection being used for vari- 
ous purposes in several Canadian hospi- 
tals. With this as a basis for comparison, 
our own methods were discussed fully, 
and several recommendations were made 
in regard to the methods of cleaning of 
beds, instruments and gloves. Subsequent 
discussion dealt with difficulties encoun' 
tered in many of our nursing procedures 
with the result that safer and more uni- 
form methods were recommended. 
The time available during the term 
yroved all too short for the many prob, 
lems requiring attention. However, at the 
last two general staff conferences in May, 
a report from tne teaching conferences 
was presented. Some of these I am citing 
to give an idea of the nature of our 
That a uniform method of aseptic 
perineal care he introduced, whether it h(" 

VOL. XXX, No. 1 


for ordinary catheterization, post,opera- 
tive care, or obstetrical cases. 
That a uniform method of caring for 
the patient be adopted, in so far as it is 
possible, for morning, evening or admis' 
sion routine care. 
That a uniform method of bed,making 
be established which will be the basis for 
any of the beds, open, closed, or anaes' 
Using aseptic syringes for alcohol, mer' 
curochrome and iodine. 
Using shaker stoppers for green soap 
Using lumbar puncture towels with a 
hole rather than having to use two towels. 
Introducing simplifications of method 
which are safe bacteriologically by dis, 
continuing the formalizing of beds and 
rubber goods and using airing and soap 
and water. 
The use of gloves by nurse preparing 
gloves for sterilization rather than disin- 
fectant solutions. 


Discontinuing the use of individual 
container of biniodide for douche nozzles. 
Impro'Ved Technique 
Greater precautions were recommend, 
ed to insure better technique in the use 
of forceps on hypodermic tray; the use 
of mercurochrome sponge to area of mea' 
tus in catheterization; the use of indi- 
vidual bath blankets rather than using 
blankets on patient's bed; the use of 
solution for passing forceps on dressing 
As the reader will understand, each of 
the above topics aroused considerable dis, 
cussion, so that in the available time this 
spring we did little more than survey the 
difficulties. It now remains for us to 
check and revise all of our present proce, 
dures, incorporating the recommenda, 
tions and then setting up our procedures 
so that they can be carried out, exactly, 
in the ward. The whole series of con- 
ferences has been very interesting as we 
have uncovered so many points needing 
adjustment, and we hope that the fall 
term will prove sufficient time to com' 
plete the revision of the nursing proce, 
dures in a satisfactory manner. 



The first school of nursing in Canada will 
be SIxty years old in June. The Mack Training 
School, which is associated with the General 
Hospital in St. Catharincs, Ontario, is plan- 
ning a celebration of this important occasion 
and all graduates of the school are requested 
to get into touch immediately with Miss Helen 

JANUARY, 1934 

Brown, the General Hospital, St. Cathannes. 
Efforts are being made to gather historical 
data and it will be much appreciated if any' 
one having any information bearing on the 
early days will communicate with Miss Brown 
as soon as possible. 

Department of Private Duty Nursing 

CONVENER ÐF PUBLIC^TIONS: Miss Jean Davidson. Paris. Onto 


ISABEL M. MaciNTOSH, Reg. N., Chairman, Private Duty Section. 
Canadian Nurses Association. 

It is not remarkable that an Interna
tional Congress of Nurses should be an 
event of tremendous importance. Its pas' 
sibilities for intensive and broad educa, 
tion of the individual or of the crowd 
render such importance inevitable. In 
presenting my report as one of the official 
representatives of the Canadian Nurses 
Association I find that much has already 
been covered by the comprehensive and 
excellent reports of other de!egates. Men' 
tion should however be made here of the 
striking similarity of the private duty 
problems arising in the various countries, 
and referred to in the summary given by 
Miss Isabel MacDonald, of London, Eng, 
land, who presided in her capacity as 
chairman of the Private Duty Committee 
of the International Council of Nurses. 
In the following paragraphs excerpts are 
given from this summary which reflect 
the present trend in many parts of the 

The Chairman's Report 
Naturally, at this time of economi: 
crisis, all reports reflect the difficulties 
arising therefrom and possibly no branch 
of the profession has been so much affect' 
ed by the present condition of affairs. In 
less difficult periods a trained registered 
nurse, during convalescence or some 
minor illness, was a luxury well within 
many a patient's resources. Now this 
must all too often be dispensed with, and 
this applies frequently in cases of serious 
illness Too often the nurses are called 
in at a stage when it is no longer possible 
to do their patients justice. In almost 
every report the difficulties arising from 
the economic position of many who, in 

the past, readily called upon services of 
the nurses, is strongly stressed. 
A comparison of reports would indi' 
cate that the standard of fees charged by 
the private nurses is fairly uniform, espe' 
cially where consideration is given to the 
cost of living in the respective countries, 
but it is not on a scale of charges that we 
can judge of the economic position of 
private nurses. It is on the degree of 
certainty of employment. In some coun- 
tries a higher scale is made for night 
duty. This system is frequently advo, 
cated but is difficult to establish, chiefly 
because the nurses themselves refuse to 
reduce their fees when on day duty. 
In several countries it would appear 
that more nurses are being turned out of 
the hospitals than there are appointments 
for and that the tendency is for the sur' 
plus nurses to drift into private nursing, 
not always from inclination, but from 
what appears to them to be necessity. In 
many instances this leads to their being 
exploited for the benefit of private enter' 
prises. In England and, we gather, in 
other countries as well, they are fre' 
quently employed at a salary which rep' 
resents an income far below that which, 
through their services, they bring to the 
institution to which they are attached. 
Again, owing to economic complications, 
many patients who, in former years, were 
nursed in their homes, now enter the pri, 
vate wards of a hospital. France alone 
would appear to be exempt from the 
problems of unemployment so far as this 
branch of nursing is concerned. 
In most countries the unregistered or 
unqualified nurses appear to enter into 
competition with the registered nUrsE'
VOL. xxx, No. I 


engaged in private duty nursing. No 
country seems to be able to state with any 
degree of acucracy the number of those 
so employed but that they do compete 
with the registered nurses is an undoubt- 
ed fact. The most serious aspect of the 
situation arsies when they become attach- 
ed to some private enterprise purporting to 
send out nurses qualified to care for the 
sick at a lower fee than that recognized 
as the charge for the services of a regis- 
tered nurse. This system of "undercut- 
ting" as it has been termed. gives rise tv 
most unfair competition. - 
There appears to be no lack of effort 
to offer to private nurses opportunities 
for post-graduate lectures and courses. 
On analysis, these opportunities do not 
appear to be widely taken advantage of, 
owing to the fact that it is so rarely pos- 
sible for private nurses to he free for cer- 
tain definite periods. Nevertheless it is 
to be hoped that the opportunities given 
for post-graduate instruction will con- 
tinue for, when the nurses can and will 
use them. they are of very dcfinite value. 
In many countries there are systems 
estab!ished for providing sick benefits and 
insurance and members of certain associa- 
tions must join such schemes. When such 
schemes are not compulsory, very few 
nurses take out insurance. 
The chief difficulties of private nursing 
would appear to have their root in the 
inability or disinclination of this branch 
of the profession to organize in any effec- 
tive manner. This is not definitely state.:l 
in reports, but it is usually indicated. 
There is probably no branch of the pr')- 
fession in which organization is more dif- 
ficult of achievement and the reasons for 
this are too obvious to call for recapitula- 
tion. It should be one of the first duties 
of this Committee to keep constantly 
before private nurses the necessity for 
retaining professional control in their 
special branch, whether in the more do. 
mestic aspects as instanced in the matter 
of administration of their co-operati\'cs 

JANUARY, 1934 


and registries by registered nurses, or in 
protecting this branch from driftmg into 
avenues where it will receive interference 
from unprofessional bodies. That there 
is need for vigilance in this direction is 
shown by the fact that only quite recently 
in England we had to t
 ke measures to 
oppose a Bill dealing with hours whi.::
had it been passed, would have shattered 
private nursing practice and wou!d in- 




as she appeared at the International Congrcss 
costumed as "Jeanne Mance:' 

deed almost have compelled nurses to> 
come off the Register in ordcr to do thcIr 
duty to their patients. This was undouht 
edly an extreme case, but we hope for 
support from the Council m m



professional authority in all matters re- 
lating to private nursing. 
Hourly Nursing 
The subject was introduced by Miss F. 
Meyboom, of Holland. and her study was 
prefaced by the remark that hourly nurs- 
ing is interpreted differently in various 
countries but that unorganized hourly 
nursing, as it exists in Holland. is all too 
prevalent elsewhere. Furthermore, pri- 
vate duty nurses have no economic safe- 
guards, and Miss Meyboom set forth a 
plan for an organization having on its 
Board representatives of existing societies 
and others selected by the nurses it em- 
ploys. The principal duties of this Board 
would be: 
1 To fix a scale of salaries for the nurses 
belonging to the organization which would 
enable them to live in reasonable comfort. 
2. To make arrangements whereby the pub- 
lic could insure themselves against the need 
of nursing care by paying some definite annual 
premium. A conference between representa- 
tives of the public, doctors and nurses might 
be helpful in this connection. It is probable 
that the premium agreed upon might not be 
sufficient. To meet such cases it is suggested 
that there be a scale of additional payments, 
at much lower rates than the fees ordinarily 
asked by fully qualified nurses at the present 
3. The Board either through a selection 
committee or by other means should be re' 
sponsible for choosing efficient nurses, and 
should have full control over them. with power 
to terminate their employment without notice. 
The right should be reserved to the nurse, 
however, of stating her case and showing, if 
possible, why her engagement should not be 
There was a great deal of detailed dis- 
cussion at this meeting, which resulted in 
the following resolution: "That the Com- 
mittee on Private Duty Nursing of the 
International Council of Nurses be asked 
to study the question of hourly nursing, 
and to assist the various countries in 
working out schemes which will be ap- 
plicahle to their condition." 

Health insurance is very much in the 
mind of the world at present and it be- 
hooves us to be ready to see to it that any 
Health Insurance Act in any country 
protects both the sick and the nurses 
Supply and Demand 
Two meetings of the Committee were 
held during the Congress, when the pre- 
vailing questions of supply, demand and 
superannuation received attention. The 
importance and need of some form of 
compulsory insurance was stressed. There 
was also the feeling that it would prove 
helpful in many countries if there should 
be a concerted effort to educate the public 
and convince the medical men of the ad- 
visability of employing only fully quali, 
fied registered nurses in cases of serious 
illness. Action was taken to the end that 
the International Council of Nurses will 
make a comparative study of the question 
of supply and demand based on examina- 
tion of the definitions of a trained nurse 
and her duties as existing in different 

A Pri'llate Duty Dinner 
The social side of the Congress was 
exceptionally brilliant and colourful, com- 
bining formality and informality in vary- 
ing and delightful proportions. An event 
of personal interest and pleasure was a 
dinner given, in Paris, by the chairman of 
the private duty section of the Canadian 
Nurses Association. The guests were all 
private duty nurses, representing each 
one of the Overseas Dominions. Miss 
MacDonald, the chairman of the Private 
Duty Nursing Committee, International 
Council of Nurses, was the guest of hon, 
our. Her re-appointment as chairman for 
the next quadrennial period was greeted 
with many expressions of gratitude, ap- 
preciCltion and satisfaction. 

VOL. XXX, No. 1 

Department of Public Health Nursing 

vn;E.R OF PUBL:CATlONS: Mrs. Agnes Hayganh. 21 Sussex St.. Toronto. Onto 


MARY B. MILLMAN. Reg. N., Sup'-t"mtend('nt, Riverdale District, Division of Public 
Health Nursing, Department of Public Health, Toronto. 

The ultimate purpose of supervision in 
public health nursing is the improvement 
of the service given to the community, 
and to accomplish this, the nurse, who is 
the actual instrument in this service, must 
be improved. This is the objective of the 
supervisor, and she must certainly bear 
in mind that she can only attain to that 
end through the effects she can produce 
on the efforts and activities of other 
people. Her responsibility is not just to 
work through the nurse to the patient; 
she is also responsible for the growth .;)f 
the nurse herself (which is an end in 
itself) for, until the nurse has increased 
her ability and knowledge, her service to 
the patient cannot reach the desired 
In drawing up a programme for super- 
vision, the supervisor must remember cer- 
tain underlying principles: 
1. The supervisor should herself have 
had considerable experience in the given 
field, and should have both the ability 
and the desire to teach. She also needs a 
certain amount of administrative ability. 
In short, democratic supervision demands 
a well-rounded personality. 
:2. Supervision must proceed upon a 
basis of definite well-understood stan 
3. Supervision must supply a means of 
enabling the nurse to live up to the stan- 
dards set and to carry out the programme 
4. Supervision should encourage the 
good nurse to study and to prepare for 
more responsibility. 
5. Supervision should be planned to 
help the mediocre and eliminate the POPf 

(An adùress given at a staff mecting of the Division of 
Public Hcalth Nursin
 f)('partm('f\t of Pu\->li, H('i\hh. 

JANUARY, 1934 

6. Supervision should be conducted in 
an impersonal way, but should not lack a 
kindly and sympathetic spirit. 
7. Supervision is essentially a co-opera- 
tive procedure in which both supervisor 
and supervised must share. 
8. The supervisor must encour<1ge the 
initiative of the nurse. 
9. The administrative aspects of the 
work of the supervisor must always be 
secondary to the teaching aspects. 
The first essential for a nurse who 
wishes to become a supervisor is to ex- 
amine her own qualifications and, if pos- 
sible, to prepare herself before under- 
taking the work of supervision. If she 
has had experience in the field, even 
though she is lacking in specific training 
as a supervisor, she may be successful by 
means of careful study and conscientious 
effort. If however she has had no experi- 
ence, it would be wiser to refuse the posi- 
tion, for much harm to the organization 
and to herself can be done by <1 n attempt 
to supervise without specific experience. 
Definite standards of work must be set 
up for all nurses to follow, and if the 
nurse has not sufficient training to attain 
these standards, it is the responsibility of 
the supervisor to try to help her to 
remedy this lack. As the standards of an 
organization are constantly being raised, 
continual education of all nurses, includ- 
ing the supervisor, will be essential. In 
planning educational work the supervisor 
should consider not only the marginal 
nurse, but also the keen capable woman, 
and assist her to fit herself for supervisory 
or administr;:ative work. The supervisor 
must never be autocratic but should be a 
democratic leader, encouraging the initia- 
tive of the nurses and making them feel 




that they share in the thinking of the 
Criticism, if made in a constructive 
and impersonal way, is a real part in suc- 
cessful supervision, but if personalities 
enter in. or destructive criticism without 
commendation is made, the supervisor will 
fall short of her true objective. The nurses 
must never be allowed to feel that super- 
vision is spying, but must be made to 
realize that it is advice and guidance that 
is offered. The supervisor must bear in 
mind that supervision is best when given 
in response to a felt need. and therefore 
that she must proceed warily and. if the 
nurse is unaware of her need, awaken her 
to it before offering advice. The last 
point and one never to be forgotten, is 
that the supervisor must not let her ad- 
ministrative duties crowd her teaching re- 
sponsibilities. She is always a teacher, her 
administrative work making possible such 
smooth running of the organization that 
her teaching will be effective. 
To discuss the principles of supervision 
is comparatively easy, but the actual ap- 
plication of these principles is a real prob- 
lem. How is the supervisor to be a good 
teacher? What definite plan of work can 
she undertake? It need hardly be stated 
that the initial teaching and experience 
of a nurse undertaking new work is most 
important from the standpoint of her fu- 
ture attitudes and work; therefore it )s 
essential that careful thought be given to 
the introductory programme. In the Di- 
vision of Public Health Nursing of the 
Department of Public Health in Toronto 
we have the peculiar advantage of re- 
cruiting about a hundred per cent of our 
new staff from among those who have 
been our students. The training of our 
students is therefore the equivalent of in- 
troducing nurses to a new field. The long 
view should be taken in all our contacts 
with these students, not just considering 
them as students, but as our future fel- 
low-workers, and arranging their field- 
work with great care. There should 

always be time for careful teaching and 
helpful conferences. The supervisor must 
realize that a definite introduction to each 
phase of the work must be made and that 
specific information regarding it must be 
given to the nurse. The supervisor must 
also take into account the varying per- 
sonalities of these new nurses and adapt 
her plan of introduction to the needs of 
each. If the supervisor guides the nurse 
in a satisfactory way during this time, she 
is usually glad of such supervision, and 
is ready to ask for it and accept it 
throughout her public health nursing 
The supervisor is faced with another 
problem than that of the new nurse. She 
has also to accept responsibility for super- 
vising the nurse already on the staff. If 
this nurse has been initiated in the way 
indicated above she will probably wel- 
come supervision; but, if she has been 
with the organization for some time and 
has not had organized supervision, she 
may resent it. and the supervisor wIll 
need great patience and tact in order to 
persuade her that supervision can really 
be helpfuL 
Supervision of home visiting is most 
difficult to carry on and in bedside nurs- 
ing organizations is probably easier than 
in organizations where the work is purely 
educationaL In either case there is the 
constraint of the third person, and neither 
nurse or patient is quite at ease. The 
supervisor must take this into considera- 
tion when judging the nurse's ability. 
After these visits are made the super- 
visor talks them over with the nurse spe- 
cially noting her approach, adaptability, 
and technique, and her ability to secure 
data for records, to recognize problems 
and her capacity to teach. Constructive 
criticism and commendation are offered 
and the nurse has an opportunity for ask- 
ing for suggestions and of eXplaining any 
doubtful point. 
Some supervisors use the "substitute" 
visit as a means of supervision while 
VOL. xxx, No. 1 


others condemn it emphatically. If the 
substitute visit is made in a natural way, 
when the nurse is off duty for her half- 
day, or is ill or is at a conference, she 
will not resent it, but if she feels that the 
supervisor is a spy, it will serve little 
purpose. If time permits, a satisfactor>' 
plan is for the supervisor to substitute in 
the various districts while the nurse is on 
vacation. Although she will not actually 
see the nurse's work, she will -find the 
results of it and, from the attitude of the 
family toward herself and the organiza- 
tion, can judge of the efficacy of the pre- 
vious contacts. By talking to the family 
she can learn something of what the nurse 
has taught and she will get some insight 
into the problems which she has to meet 
in regard to types of families, housing, 
health conditions, facilities for transpor- 
tation and distances to be covered. This 
knowledge makes the supervisor's advice 
more worthwhile than if it were based 
only on what the nurse tells her of the 
district. The nurse feels that the super- 
visor is speaking not just from theory 
and previous experience, but from an un- 
derstanding based on a real knowledge of 
the particular district. 
Supervision of work in schools, health 
centres and clinics is less difficult. In the 
school the nurse feels that she is the hos- 
tess and the awkward element of the third 
person is not as noticeable as in the home. 
The children and teachers are accustomed 
to supervisors and visitors and the nur& 
is accustomed to doing her work in the 
presence of others. The supervisor is 
more apt to be free from interruptions 
and can have a more satisfactory confer- 
ence with the nurse. In the health centres 
and clinics the presence of an added per' 
son is not noticed and, if the supervisor 
makes herself useful with some clerical or 
other routine work she can observe much 
of what is going on. Reading and study 
of the daily records and case histories af, 
fords the supervisor an opportunity of 
learning more of the work done by each 
JANUARY. 1934 


nurse, getting a hint as to her thorough- 
ness, and ability to -plan, and of the 
amount of work covered. Discussion.Jf 
these, and of statistical summaries of 
work done during a certain period, will 
aid the nurse to realize the value of accu- 
rate records. 
A supervisor may do much by so plan- 
ning her own work that she is free for 
conference with the nurses while they are 
in the office. She must make herself ac- 
cessible and invite discussion. She must 
never seem too busy to discuss at length 
any problem, but she should learn tact- 
fully to limit the time of the garrulous 
in order to save time for others. She 
should be interested and sympathetic in 
any trouble in the district and back the 
nurse up if it be wise, or else endeavour 
to guide her into less troubled thinking. 
These individual conferences are valu- 
able; from them she learns of the nurse's 
attitude to her work, and to public health 
in general. They also give her an op- 
portunity to direct and encourage the 
nurse in right channels of thought and 
Group conferences of all the nurses in 
one station. or larger staff conferences, 
allow the individual nurse to discuss her 
problems and get the opinion and advice 
of other nurses as well as of the super' 
visors. These conferences also afford op- 
portunity for the broadening of know, 
ledge by the introduction of speakers f)f 
note, or by discussion of new develop
ments in public health. In all these con- 
ferences the supervisor should encourage 
the initiative of the nurse by urging her 
to contribute. She should never scoff at 
any suggestions but if they seem impos- 
sible, explain the reasons for their im, 
practicability. She should try to make use 
of any wise suggestions that would benefit 
either the nurses or the work. 
The plan of assigning a nurse to a dis- 
trict and leaving most of the planning of 
the work to the nurse herself makes for 
the development of initiative. But the 



supervisor will need to watch the work 
done and, if need be. offer suggestions re' 
garding the re-planning of it. The super' 
visor may lose close contacts with the 
families and patients, but surely the de- 
velopment of the nurse's ability and in- 
itiative is more essential to the ultimate 
improvement of the work than that th
supervisor should have her finger on each 
In order to have the nurse appreciate 
and understand the administrative aspects 
of the organization and the problem of 
supervision, supervisors should arrange 
for each nurse to remain in the office or 
to substitute for her at certain periods. 
Seeing the work as a whole. and not 
merely from the standpoint of her own 
small district. makes for greater unity. As 
Mary Gardner says, ..It is generally con- 
ceded that to see the other man's point of 
view is the secret of co-operation, but in 
the course of daily work to make him see 
yours is certainly not of less importance." 
True supervision will not overlook the 
welfare of the nurse herself. She must 
be well and happy to do effective work, 
and a public health nursing organization 
has no right to teach health and to dis, 
regard the health of its employees. Pre- 
ventive sick-leave should be advised if 
necessary, but this is not as important as 
the arrangement of the work so that the 
hours, the facilities for a noon meal and 
rest, are such that the work will not over- 
tax strength or jeopardize health. It will 
mean much to the nurse if she is free of 
a sense of hurry and strain due to over' 
work. The supervisor should do all in her 
power to help her cover the necessary 
work with the minimum of effort and 
within the allotted number of hours. The 
supervisor should be aware of the peculiar 
personal demands, permanent or tempo' 
rary, made on each nurse on her staff, S0 
that she may feel there is a sympathetic 
understanding on the part of the super- 
visor. If the nurse's relationship with the 
other nurses is good it will do much t.) 

make her happy in her work. and a well 
conducted office will contribute to gener3.1 
efficiency. It is therefore the duty of the 
supervisor to try to avoid friction. and to 
be efficient herself in her office adminis- 
A definite standard of supervision for 
an organization such as this department 
might be as follows: 
1. In the office. a short daily consulta- 
tion with nurses should be possible. A 
study of records should also be planned 
at regular intervals and an uninterrupted 
conference with each nurse should be ar- 
ranged twice a year. 
2. Each school should be visited and 
the nurse supervised at least once a term. 
This supervision should include records, 
class inspections, complete physical ex' 
aminations and conference with teachers, 
and should allow for unhurried confer- 
ence on present work and future plans. 
3. In health centres nurses should be 
supervised at least once in every three 
months and the health centre records 
should be studied and discussed with her. 
4. The hospital, social and health ser' 
vice nurse should be supervised within 
the hospital at least every two months. 
5. The supervisor should visit in the 
homes with the experienced nurse at least 
once a year and more frequently with 
new nurses. 
6. The supervisor should give the new 
nurse, or one recently transferred to her 
district, the advantage of immediate su- 
pervision and should introduce her to her 
new field. 
No report on any nurse should be sent 
to the director without the nurse being 
fully aware of all of the content. The 
supervisor should find the time of sending 
in the regular reports an opportune mo- 
ment for an impersonal discussion with 
each nurse regarding her particular quali- 
ties or weaknesses, noting her improve- 
ments or retrogressions, thus making the 
nurse aware of the supervisor's opinion 
of her and her work, and allowing her 

VOL. XXX, No. 1 


an opportunity to correct these opmions 
if she feels they are a misinterpretation. 
If a supervisor and a nurse do not work 
satisfactorily together it is probably wise 
to separate them. Not all people, no mat- 
ter how fine they may be, can work to- 
gether congenially. Let both nurse and 
supervisor feel free to suggest that a move 
to another district be made and let the 
latter be sure that she does not prejudice 
the new supervisor. There is nothing 
more despicable than to allow the attitude 
of "give a dog a bad name and hang him" 
to arise regarding any nurse. The super- 
visor must be impersonal yet kindly anj 
understanding in all her contacts with her 
staff. She must not let prejudice or per- 
sonal likes and dislikes tinge her attitude 
toward a nurse or her work. At all times 
she should endeavour to display a calm 
and unirritated attitude, avoiding any- 
thing that hints of the temperamental. In 
our department in Toronto the district 
supervisor has the peculiar advantage of 
having the district medical officer, and 
the special supervisors as well as the di- 
rector and her assistant to call on for help 

: 5_ 

or direction. From the district medical 
officer she expects leadership in matters 
medical and the bringing of new informa- 
tion, on his own initiative, in regard to 
preventive medicine. She looks to him 
for impersonal and helpful criticism con- 
cerning the abilities of her nurses and for 
help in developing those abilities so that 
the nurses may co-operate with and be of 
assistance to him. From the special super- 
visors she anticipates helpful teaching in 
those specialties for which each is respon- 
sible and, of course, the director and the 
assistant director are always there to ad- 
vise and help the supervsior and to direct 
general policies. 
The details of a supervisor's work may 
vary, but the principles remain the 
same. She is a teacher, seeking to improve 
the services given by her organi 4 ation. 
But she must not be content merely to 
teach the details of the work. She must 
by her own enthusiasm, interest and de- 
sire for service inspire the nurses to give 
of their very best to the community, if she 
is to claim that she is providing good 


R. M. TANSEY, Reg. N., Supervisor, Verdun Branch, Victorian Order of Nurses. 

In the wee small hours of the morning when 
many a nurse watches her patient carefuUy for 
fear the candle of life will flicker out, we Can- 
adians, about one hundred strong, landed in 
Paris after being catapulted through the Nor- 
mandy countryside. I use the word advisedly: 
no other could fittingly describe our passage, 
it had been so swift that it hardly seemed as 
if we touched the rails at aU. There were 
eleven V.O.N.'s: Miss Gardner from Vancou- 
ver, where all 'year round there is a gentle 
climate; Miss Burns from St. John, where it's 
never hot; Miss Beauchamp from Kenogami. 
where snow and ice reign supreme seven 
months in the year; Miss Greenwood from 
Toronto, whom we knew quite well; Miss 
Railton, who wondered while in the Paris train 
if there had been any new babies in Barrie 
since her departure; Miss Sheridan from Ham- 
ilton, who had visited us three years ago. Miss 
Valiquette from Ottawa and the four of liS. 
JANUARY, 1934 

We thought we had really quite a good reprc- 
The first day we passed in getting oriented. 
Traffic seemed a bit wild. and on the wrong 
side of the street, but surprisingly, there are 
few accidents; and we finally found out where 
to eat and where to go. 
Four sessions of the Congress went on at 
the same time, and you rushed from one to 
another in a hurry, feeling that otherwise you 
were sure to miss something valuable. Mental 
hygiene occupied a very prominent place on 
the programme, it being the first object of dis- 
cussion. Miss Effie Taylor stressed the neces- 
sity for its knowledge in order to enrich ollr 
service and to provide a key unlocking a dool 
to broader fields of opportunity for the wel- 
fare of the people we serve. 
A luncheon for public health supervisors 
gave us some idea of public health ways in 
Czecho-Slovakia and [atvia. two countrit's 



which to us are hardly placeable as yet on 
the map of Europe. Miss Anderson. of the 
East Harlem Health Demonstration Centre, 
gave a short talk and it seemed quite a jump 
from the little three'roomed flat in Latvia run 
by the Red Cross, and its tiny centres, some' 
thing like miniature health units, to East Har' 
lem with its well'defined instruction, its highly, 
trained staff and its very unusual pooling of 
agencies. The Pasteur Institute also claimed 
our interest. and we listened to the merits and 
uses of the B.C.G. vaccine and paused thought, 
fully at Pasteur's tomb and remembered hùw 
much we really owe to this French genius. 
Going home in the soft Paris night, with the 
Eiffel Tower ablaze before us. the fountains 
playing and the parks full of lights, we found 
it hard to realize that it was Paris and not 
On this high note, we left Paris, for the 
next day the Congress moved to Belgium, and 
for some reason or other, Brussels captivated 
our fancy at once. Maybe it was the signs all 
over the place, in the two languages, that 
caught our eye, for French and Flemish are 
both spoken, or maybe because Belgium is such 
a tiny country, we fell in love with her. There 
were dozens of nurses down at the station to 
meet us for as we had come en masse, customs 
rules and regulations were laid aside. The 
hotels were delightful, only it did pour rain. 
However it seems to do that a good deal in 
Brussels, so no one minded. We learned that, 
while nursing education had a late start in 
Belgium, it is now in full swing. The presi, 
dent of the National Federation of Belgian 
Nurses gave us some idea of its progress, and 
Miss Hazel Goff, of the Health Section of the 
League of Nations, gave a report on her work 
and urged that public health principles be sO 
interwoven with the basic course as to make 
them the warp and not the woof on which the 
curative and clinical instruction is given. 
There was considerable discussion as to how 
this should be done, and many and varied 
p 1 ans were suggested. Mrs. McWhinney, from 
the Irish Free State, presided and made us feel 
that we are already marching on new road$, 
and that nursing is stilI an adventure. In Ire' 
land they make an attempt to correlate their 
hospital training with public health work. 
When a student has had experience in a chil, 

dren's hospital, she goes to a chlld welfare 
clinic in order to gain knowledge of the pre' 
ventive and social aspects. 
In the American Hospital in Greece, they 
carry the mother right through the pre'natal. 
natal, post' natal and infant welfare periods, 
and as it is a comparatively small school there 
is a continuity of interest. England was rather 
interested in finding out how Greece was doing 
this work and if every nurse had it and if it 
did not mean curtailment in other lines. Bel, 
gium and Ireland contended it could not be 
done in the three years and our own Miss 
Lindeburgh gave some idea of the practical 
requirements in the basic course. 
As a finale, the Burgomaster gave a grand 
reception for us in the Town HaiL There 
were flowers everywhere and much excellent 
refreshment and a gay orchestra and under 
the sombre eyes of many an old Flemish digni' 
tary we felt very young and that we had come 
from far away. 
And so the Congress ended. Did we learn 
anything new? Perhaps not, concretely, but 
that we were stimulated by the people we met 
from other lands cannot be a matter of doubt. 
At one time it would be the matron of a hos' 
pital in Cairo where, due to malnutrition and 
pellagra, splenectomies are an every day oc' 
currence; then it would be a young nurse from 
India, having only native help, where at cer- 
tain seasons there is a great deal of cataract 
work; or again it was Miss Rosenberger from 
Korea, where Our bags and uniforms are still 
in use, but where the ones for everyday work 
had to be made smaller because ours are a 
bit too heavy for the Korean nurses who are 
all built on smaller lines than we are. 
Paris and Brussels will always be two bright 
spots in Our memories. Weare only begin' 
ning now to sort things out, for at the time, 
there was so much going on that we could not 
absorb half of it; the beauty of the Paris boule, 
vards; the masterpieces in the Louvre where 
you could spend days on end; the Sainte Cha, 
pelle, where the windows made you silent with 
awe at their glorious colourings; the charm of 
the Belgian capital; the grandeur of the Palace 
of Justice; and the simple human friendliness 
of their people will linger long in our minds 
as souvenirs of a very wonderful week in our 
everyday lives. 

VOL. xxx, Nu. 1 


Tributes to Miss Sni"el" 
Dear Miss Wilson: 
I have just received your letter telling me of 
the passing of Miss Mary Snively. Will you, 
on my behalf, convey to the Canadian Nurses 
Association my sorrow and sympathy for them 
in their loss. In the passing of the Foundress 
of their Association they have lost a great 
leader. In my message of sympathy I would, 
if I may, beg that they, and we, should ever 
in our own work have before us her example 
of dauntless enthusiasm and her magnificent 
efforts for the highest ideals in our prolession, 
and in the giving of herself to all that is 
noblest and best for the work's sake. 
Yours sincerely, 
President, Interna.tional Council of Nurs
Dear Miss Emory: 
I have learned with deep regret the sad 
news of the death of Miss Mary Snively. In 
the name of the French Trained Nurses Asso- 
ciation, I beg to offer to you and to your 
National Association our very sincere sym- 
pathy in these sad circumstances. We all know 
what your beloved Founder has done for the 
nurses in Canada and we feel with you in 
this loss. 
Yours very sincerely, 
President: Association des I nfirmières Diþl:)- 
mées de I'Etat Francais. 

Reg. N., or R.N.? 
The following excerpt from the Renfrew 
Mercury was received by the chairman of 
District 8, R.N.A.a., and presented by her 
to the executive committe of that district. It 
is forwarded for the consideration of the read- 
ers of 'The Canadian Nurse: 
"In Renfrew and district we have several 
young ladies accustomed to place the initials 
R. N. after their names. or at least somebody 
does it for them, which initials stand in high 
official circles for Royal Navy. After the 
names of some nurses appears the affix Reg. 
N., but why anything at all? It may be adver- 
tising, but apart from that there seems to be 
no occasion for it when so many men and 
women go through life with nothing attached 
to names to indicate vocation:' 
Sec'y Treasurer, District 8, R.N.A.O., Ottawa. 
Letters bearing on the question raised by 
the Renfrew Mercury will be welcomed. - 
JANUARY, 1934 

A Human Document 
I am a student nurse. I belong to the 
nursing profession and I am sorry. I love 
my work. It delights me when I straighten 
a patient's pillow and she leans back with a 
grateful sigh. It thrills me to know that when 
I have worked over a patient very hard, one 
morning to have her wake up better and on 
the mend at last; to overcome some crochety 
old man's ill-temper; to win a smile from a 
complaining chronic; to comfort the depressed; 
change a dressing, watch an intravenous, and 
feel the pulse grow stronger as the strength 
giving solution goes into the vein, to bath 
a crying infant and take it to its mother to 
be fed and comforted. 
I am interested in my work, and yet I wish 
I were out of it all. Why, just because a 
human being wants to be a nurse. is she 
forced to work beyond all human strength, 
expected to do it cheerfully, and demanded 
at all times to present a happy countenance to 
the patients, be polite to the doctors, and deal 
tactfully with harassed relatives of the sick? 
I do not think these conditions are peculiar 
to my training school: I have enquired of 
graduates from other schools and find that 
much the same conditions exist elsewhere. We 
are expected to be intelligent and ready for 
all emergencies. Weare asked to attend 
lectures, to copy reams of notes, and study 
them, and yet we are so tired it is almost 
beyond our physical strength to keep awake, 
because seven days of the week, fifty weeks 
of the year we get up at 6 a.m. (no week- 
ends to our rescue!) with the penalty of spend- 
ing our much-needed rest time on the ward 
if one minute late for roll-call. And yet I 
am going to try and struggle through, because 
I want to be a nurse. 
I realize that supervisors and superinten- 
dents are overworked, and that too much 
responsibility is placed upon them, but why, 
oh why, cannot we have an eight-hour day 
so that we could all have some rest and reCrea- 
tion-a little time to live! 

A... SnJDFNT. 

Very Much Alive 
Por many years we received a copy of your 
excellent Journal. 'The Canadian Nurse. but 
for some time past this did not come to hand 
and I was under the impression, until today's 
reading of the September issue of 'The British 
Journal of Nursing, that you had ceased to 
publish the magatine. May we be restored 
to your mailing Jist as we find the Journal of 



great interest and, without it, have lost touch 
with the nursing movements in the Dominion 
of Canada? 
Secretary, Australian Nursing Federation, 
Sydney, Australia. 

What This Patient Needs 
Enclosed find two dollars for a þrescriþtion 
of 'The Canadian Nurse for one year. Thank- 
ing you. 

S.H.L.. Alberta. 

Book Reviews 

description of the system used in the 
Department of Hospitals in the City of 
New York, by Caroline R. Martin, 
M.D., Director, Central Medical Stat' 
istical Bureau, New York Department 
of Hospitals. Illustrated; 88 pages. 
Price, $1.50. Published by the J. B. 
Lippincott Company. Canadian Office: 
525 Confederation Life Building, 
The keeping of complete and accurate 
medical records is considered one of th
functions of all well-organized hospitals. 
So important is this function held to be 
that the standing of any institution is 
judged to some extent by the character of 
its medical records. Nurses in general 
have a considerable share in record-keep- 
ing, and those who are the heads of hos- 
pitals require a thorough knowledge of 
modern methods in order that they may 
guide the installation and maintenance of 
an efficient system. The publication of 
Dr. Caroline Martin's handy little volume 
will be welcomed by those who are con- 
fronted either with the task of putting in 
an entirely new record system or of 
making an old one up-to,date. Dr. Mar- 
tin is the director of the Central Medical 

Statistical Bureau of the New York De- 
partment of Hospitals and, in that cap' 
acity, is recognized as a national auth, 
ority on the whole question. Her book is 
far more important than its small size 
would indicate for the simple reason that 
it presents its subject matter in a highly 
condensed form. 
The book begins with a brief guide for 
obtaining a clinical history, and reference 
is made to the unit history system and to 
standardization of forms and nomencla, 
ture. The use of a code system which 
permits of ready and inexpensive tabula- 
tion is described in some detail. The im- 
portance of properly trained historians is 
stressed and it is suggested that compe, 
tent graduate nurses are acceptable in 
this capacity. 
Any superintendent of a hospital who 
is faced with the problem of installing a 
modern record system would do well first 
to study the book herself, and then to 
draw it to the attention of the members 
of the attending medical staff. Such ac- 
tion will not only save time and avoid 
controversy, but will ensure getting the 
new venture away to a good start in a 
workmanlike and scientific manner. 

VOL. XXX, No. 1 

Notes from the National Office 
Contributed by JEAN S. WILSON, Reg. N., Executive Secretary. 

A Royal Recogllitioll 
Canada's nursing service and nurses 
were notably honoured recently when 
Their Majesties King George V and 
Queen Mary graciously received in infor' 
mal audience, Miss Priscilla Campbell, 
Superintendent of the Chatham General 
Hospital, Chatham, Ontario. Miss Camp' 
bell was a member of the C.N .A. Con' 
gress Tours following which she spent 
five months in study and observation of 
nursing in Great Britain. While in Lon' 
don, Miss Campbell had the pleasure of 
meeting Miss Catherine Black, a London 
Hospital Sister and nurse to His Majesty 
the King. Miss Black, who is in residence 
at Buckingham Palace, invited Miss 
Campbell to tea with her at the Palace 
and later Miss Campbell received an in' 
vitation to the Palace in order that sh.:: 
might be presented to Their Majesties, 
and to see the Changing of the Guard. In 
a letter to the Executive Secretary, Miss 
Campbell writes in part: "It was a truly 
delightful experience, and a great privi' 
lege, all very informal of course. I W1.S 
presented to Their Majesties by Miss 
Black. They chatted very informally 
about my visits to English hospitals, and 
talked about Canada and CanadiaD 
nurses. The King is a most charming and 
noble gentleman in whose presence one 
readily feels at ease. The Queen is a very 
dignified and gracious lady and a beauti' 
ful queen. I feel that this experience has 
been a great personal privilege and an 
honour to Canadian nurses and has been 
brought about through Miss Black's 
forts and contact with His Majesty:' A 
note expressing sincere appreciation of this 
recognItion of Canadian nurses througn 
the delightful courtesies shown Miss 
Campbell has been sent to Miss Catherine 
Black by Miss Florence H. M. Emory, 
President Canadian Nurses Association. 
Miss Ca
pbell will return to Chatham ,Ill 
JANUARY, 1934 

January 1, and while en route from the 
seaboard will visit the National Office. 
The General Meeting 
It is appropriate and opportune that 
the Canadian Nurses Association should 
assemble in the City of Toronto in 1934 
for the General Meeting and the obser- 
vation of the twenty-fifth anniversary ()f 
the founding of the Association. At the 
same time Toronto itself will be in festive 
mood and array celebrating its centennial 
of incorporation as a city which, within 
the century, has become one of the lar- 
gest, most beautiful and progressive of 
Canada's metropolitan centres. 
The management of the Royal York 
Hotel has allotted ample space in that 
palatial building for the convenient ac- 
commodation of the Association during 
the convention period. The fact that the 
C.N.A. has accepted the cordial invita- 
tion of the Registered Nurses Association 
of Ontario to meet in the largest hotel in 
the British Commonwealth of Nations IS 
a challenge for a record-breaking attend- 
ance: the present record goes to the meet- 
ing in 1926, held in the Château Laurier, 
Ottawa, when the General Meeting and 
the Ceremony of the Unveiling of the 
Canadian Nurses' Memorial in the Hall 
of Fame of the Federal Buildings brought 
together over eight hundred nurses. 
The Programme 
There has developed a conscIousness 
among those responsible for the planning 
of programmes for national meetings that 
when representative groups of the mem 
bership from scattered areas throughout 
the length and breadth of the Dominion 
make an effort to attend national assem- 
blies of nurses, the programme offered 
must be capable of stimulating thought, 
interest and discussion which will bl> 
heneficiaI to the welfare of all groups. 
Already the plans for next June are well 



advanced dnd one may venture to fore' 
cast that the "convention appetite" of 
even the epicure will be fully satisfied 
during the week. June 25th to 30th. 
Among the speakers will be represen' 
tatives of Canada's Universities; educa- 
tionalists of repute whose interest in 
community needs and welfare are well 
It is customary at biennial meetings to 
review the past. to report on and discuss 
present activities and programme and also 
to give thoughtful consideration toward 
future development and policies. The 
programme for the June meeting reflects 
these three eras: The past is to be depict- 
ed in an historical tableau and oration; 
the present will be emphasized in the re- 
ports, with discussion, of the sections and 
various committees, especially the Joint 
Study Committees. national and provin- 
cial; the future of nursing will be pre- 
sented and studied from the point of view 
of public health and private duty nurs- 
ing, and nursing education. Necessary 
time will be allocated to the more practi- 
cal but essential responsibilities of the 
organization, while the social events 
already planned by the Arrangements 
Committee are in keeping with the occa' 
sion and with Old Ontario's established 
ation for hospitality. 
Members of the Programme Commit- 
tee are: Convener. Miss Florence H. M. 
Emory, president; Miss Nora Moore, 
honorary secretary; Miss Isabel MacIn, 
tosh, chairman, private duty section; Miss 
Margaret Moag, chairman, public health 
section; Miss Grace M. Fairley, chairman, 
nursing education section. and the chair- 
man of the Arrangements Committe
Miss Mary Millman. Other members of 
the latter committee are: Rev. Sr. Jean, 

Misses Austin, Beamish, Buck, Maud
Campbell, Greenwood, Gunn, Heffernon, 
Mickleborough and Matilda Fitzgerald 
(secretary) . 

H olel Rales 
As expense is a determining factor to 
the individual member who wishes to 
attend the General Meeting, the rates for 
accommodation, comfortable and conve- 
nient to convention quarters, are publish, 
ed herewith. Except where indicated, 
rooms with a bath are quoted, also the 
quotation given for double rooms is per 
person (S., single room; D., double room). 
Royal York Hotel: S. $3.50; D. $3.00. 
King Edward Hotel: S. $2.50, $3.00, 
$3.50; D. $2.00, $2.50, $3.00. 
Westminster Hotel: 210 Jarvis Street- 
S. $2.50; D. $2.00 (European plan, tea room 
and dining rOom in connection). 
Hotel Waverly: 488 Spadina Avenue- 
S. $2.50, $3.00, or with hot and cold water 
only, $2.00: D. $2.00, $2.50, $3.00, or with 
hot and cold water only, $1.50, $1.75. 
Y.W.e.A.: 76 Pembroke Street and 18 
Elm Street-Bed and breakfast, $1.00, $1.50; 
Room and meals, $1.50, $2.00. 
Those wishing convent accommodation 
should write to Rev. Sr. Superior, St. 
Michael's Hospital, Bond Street, Toronto. 
Survey Reports 
Copies of the Report of the Survey of 
Nursing Education in Canada (1932) 
can be obtained from the secretaries of 
the Provincial Registered Nurses Asso- 
ciations. The address of each of these 
officers is listed in the Official Directory 
under provincial associations. Also. to 
aid in studying the Report, there is a 
limited supply of reprints of addresses in 
discussion of the Report by four out- 
standing authorities. These reprints are 
available at the National Office at twenty- 
five cents a set. The cost of the Survey 
Report is $2.00, postage included. 

VOL. xxx, No. I 


NI..\\.$ Intended tor publication in the ensuing issue must reach the Journal not later than the eighth of the 
preceding month. In order to ensure accuracy all contributions should be typewritten and double.spaced. 


CALGAR Y: The Calgary Graduate Nurses 
Association held a very successful bridge and 
sale of work on November 28, when a goodly 
number of nurses and their friends were 
present. The guests were received by Miss 
P. Gilbert, president, and Miss A. Casey, 
convener of the entertainment. The sale of 
work under the able convenership of Miss 
D. Mott was well patronised. A successful 
raffle was also carried out, the winner bei
Mrs. M. Blunden, of the V.O.N. 
LETHBRIDGE: Nurses in this city will 
benefit by a decision reached at the meeting of 
the Lcthbridge Graduate Nurses Association 
held recently, when it was decided to place a 
copy of 'The Canadian Nurse in the local 
Public Library for their use. The problem of 
unemployed nurses also came up for discussion 
and suggestions for remedying the situatiJn 
were forwarded to the registrar, Miss Kate 
Brighty, secretary of the Alberta Registered 
Nurses Association. 
MEDICINE HAT: The regular meeting of 
the Medicine Hat Nurses Association was held 
at the home of Mrs. J. J. Hewitt on November 
6. Reports from the Convention recently 
held in Calgary were read and after the busi. 
ness meeting an hour of bridge and refresh. 
ments were enjoyed. The Medicine Hat Gradu. 
ate Nurses Association held a successful bridge 
party at the home of Mrs. (Dr.) F. W. Ger. 
shaw on October 18. Fifteen tables were 
played, after which a dainty luncheon was 
served. The proceeds will be used to assist 
the General Hospital. 
BRANDON: The Brandon Graduate Nurses 
Association held their monthly meeting on 
November 7, being present. At the 
close of the business meeting the mental hos. 
pital group took charge, Miss Anderson intro. 
ducing the speaker, Miss Kathleen Condello 
The subject was pioneering in mental hygiene 
in Manitoba. The history of the development 
of the mental hospitals at Selkirk and Bran. 
don was made most interesting and instructive. 
Lunch was served, bringing to a close a most 
delightful evening. 
WINNIPEG: The regular monthly meeting 
of the Manitoba Association of Registered 
Nurses was held on November 17, the evening 
meeting, which took the form of a debate be. 
tween the public health and private duty 
,>ections, brought out a record number of mem' 
hers. The subject of the dehate wa'i: 
JANUARY, 1934 

"Resolved that the M.A.R.N. requires the 
services of a training school advisor." The 
affirmative was taken by the public health 
section represented by Miss Emily Parker, 
Miss Cory Taylor, and Miss Lynette Gunn 
and the negative by the private duty section 
represented by Miss K. McCallum, Miss Ellen 
Banks and Miss Mary Lang. The judges were 
Miss Webster, formerly of the Montreal 
General Hospital; Miss Esther Thompson, 
Director of the Home Economics Extension 
Services of Manitoba; and MIss Christina 
Macleod, superintendent of nurses in the 
Brandon General Hospital. After commending 
all who took part the judges gave their deci. 
sion in favour of the negative. A debate is 
apparently a very popular form of entertain. 
ment and instruction and certainly was most 
successful in bringing members out. In addi. 
tion, two excellent papers were given by Miss 
E. A. Russell and Miss E. A. Wells of the 
provincIal public health nursing service on 
their experiences while attending the Inter. 
national Congress of Nurses. We are hoping 
to hear more from them at a later meeting. 
FREDERICTON: At HallOw'een the Nurses 
Home was the scene of gaiety and merriment. 
Ghosts and witches traveled the corridors, 
jack.o'.lanterns smiled merrily from the win. 
dowse The most interesting feature of the 
programme was the initiation of a probationer 
who was forced to undergo an appendectomy, 
a lusty sausage offered itself as the appendix 
and spirits of peppermint proved to be good 
anaesthetic. The patient is convalescing 
MARRIED: On June 29, Miss Ella Sands 
(V.P.H.), to Mr. Robert Carson, of St. John, 
MARRIED: On July 18, Miss Miriam M:ic' 
Donald (V.P.H.), to Mr. John Bird, Inspector 
of R.C.M.P. stationed at Ottawa at that time. 
MARRIED: On August 29, Miss Dorothy 
Coates (V.P.H.), to Mr. Garnet Vail, R.C. 
M.P., Campbellton, N.B. 
MARRIED: On September 29, Miss Elizabeth 
Groom (V.P.H.), to Mr. S. McKim. 
SAINT JOHN: The monthly meeting of the 
local chapter of the New Brunswick Registered 
Nurses Association was held on Nov. 20, with 
a large attendance. Miss Ada Burns prf'sided, 
and the business session was followed with the 
reading of a carefully prepared paper: "The 
Care of the Mentally Deficient," by Mrs. Van 
Dorser, chairman of the public health section. 



During the past year the activities of this sec' 
tion included study and discussion of the 
chapters of the Survey which deals with public 
health nursing, and visits to various welfare 
and correctional institutions. Lectures were 
given by Dr. Emerson, Dr. Mabel Hanington 
and Miss Eileen Keefe. New scales were given 
to the clinic at the Health Centre. The officers 
for the year are: Chairman, Miss Martina 
Wallace; vice,chairman, Miss Alice Guilford; 
secretary'treasurer, Miss Alice Hegan; con' 
vener of programme committee, Miss Sarah 
Brophy. Dr. C. W. MacMillan addressed the 
section on Nov. 7, and following the meeting, 
Miss Margaret E. Anstey, director of the 
Children's Aid, together with the members of 
the section, entertained in honour of Mrs. E. 
Phyllis Pettit, who recently resigned as execu' 
tive secretary of the Family Welfare Associa' 
tion. Mrs. Pettit was made the recipient of 
an amethyst necklace. 
The Committee on Curriculum of the N.B. 
A.R.N. met recently and made recommenda' 
tions for the improvement of instruction. 
Those present were: Miss A. J. McMaster. 
Moncton: Mrs. Woodcock. Fredericton: Miss 
E. Tulloch, Woodstock; Rev. Sister Kerr. 
Campbellton; Miss M. E. Retallick, Miss A. 
Burns, and Miss Margaret Murdoch of Saint 
Congratulations are being extended to Miss 
Estela Hayes, of the Moncton City Hospital, 
who led the province in the recent Reg. N. 
examinations: Miss Helen Crockett. of the 
Fredericton Hospital, came second, and Miss 
Elizabeth McAlary, third. 
The S.J.G.H. Alumnae Association met on 
Nov. 4 with the president, Mrs. Dunlop, in 
the chair. The regular business meeting was 
followed with sewing in aid of the V.O.N. 
The student nurses of the School of Nursing 
of the Saint John General Hospital entertain' 
ed on Nov. 9. It being the eve of Remem' 
brance Day the effective colour scheme for the 
decorations was red, white and blue. The 
guests were received by Miss Murdoch and 
Miss Wilson. Sympathy is extended to Miss 
Hazel Myles in her recent bereavement. 
MARRIED: On Nov. 20, at Springfield, Mas. 
sachusetts, Miss Marjorie Driffield (Miramichi, 
1931) to Mr. M. J. Byford. Mr. and Mr!\. 
Byford will reside in Boston. 
WOODSTOCK: The monthly meeting of the 
Alumnae Association of the L. P. Fisher 
Memorial Hospital was held on Nov. 21, with 
Mr!\. Harry Dunbar presiding. Dr. N. P. 
Grant gave an interesting lecture on cancer. 
The organization of this Association took place 
last May, when officers were elected, annual 

fees decided upon, and a penny fund taken 
up for sick nurses. 
The graduating exercises of the Fisher 
Memorial Hospital School of Nursing were 
held on Dec. 1, when addresses were given by 
Judge Carleton, Rev. W. C. Moore and Dr. 
J. F. L. Brown. The graduating class recited 
the Florence Nightingale Pledge and the class 
prophecy was read by Miss Marjorie Stoddard. 
The valedictorian was Miss Jennie Belyea. The 
class included the Misses Marjorie Stoddard, 
Mary Simonson, Jean Bellis, Jennie Belyea, 
Leota Tompkins. 
MARRiIED: On Oct. 9, Miss Marjorie Malloy 
(F.M.H., 1932) to Mr. Melburne Currie. 
HALIFAX: At the November meeting of the 
Halifax branch of the Nova Scotia Registered 
Nurses Association, two very interesting 
addresses were given, one by Miss Pepper, 
nutritionalist for the Canadian Child Welfare 
Association, and one by Miss Gertrude Mac' 
Kenzie on the International Congress. 
On Nov. 9, the School of Nursing of the 
Victoria General Hospital held its graduating 
exercises and fifteen nurses received their 
diplomas. The diplomas were presented by 
Dr. F. R. Davis, Minister of Health for Nova 
Scotia, and the address to the graduating cl.lsS 
was delivered by Dr. H. F. Munroe, Superin' 
tendent of Education. The prize winners 
were Miss Davida York and Miss Roxy Ford. 
Following the exercises a dance for the gradu, 
ating class and their friends took place at the 
Lord Nelson Hotel. 
On Oct. 25, the School of Nursing of the 
Children's Hospital held its graduating exer- 
cises in the beautiful new residence. Niile 
nurses received their diplomas. The president 
of the Board, Mr. O. E. Smith, in his open' 
ing remarks, gave some very sound advice to 
the nurses. Certain landmarks of progress 
during the training of this class may be noted: 
a new residence, a new class and demonstra' 
tion room, the appointment of a qualified 
instructor and a dietitian, as well as the 
establishment of a central lecture course in 
conjunction with the Victoria General Hos' 
pital and with the Halifax Infirmary. The 
address to the graduating class was delivered 
by Dr. Grant, Dean of the Medical School 
of Dalhousie University. Dr. A. E. Doull 
gave a brief appreciation of the work of the 
nurses. A delightful social evening followed 
the exercises. 
Mis!\ Evelyn Walsh, B.A., a graduate in 
household science of Acadia University has 
succeeded Miss G. Gwit1im as dietitian at the 
Children's Hospital, Halifax. 

VOL. XXX, No.1 





CHATHAM: The Alumnae Association of 
St. Joseph's Hospital sponsored a dance. the 
proceeds of which are to be used for the per- 
manent education fund. A bridge party was 
also held recently. 
MARRIED: On Nov. 13, at River Carrard, 
Essex, Miss Angela Blonde (S.J .H., 1924) to 
Mr. Frank Driscoll, of Chatham. 
BRANTFORD: An interesting programme for 
staff conferences has been arranged by the 
nursing staff of the Brantford General Hos- 
pital. One meeting each month is devoted to 
a non-professional topic. In November, Mr. 
W. G. Raymond spoke on the subject of 
"Public Speaking." In December, Mr. E. T. 
Sterne took as his subject "Some Aspects of 
Chemistry:' Both addresses were greatly en- 
joyed. The monthly meeting of the Alumnae 
Association of the Brantford General Hospital 
was held Dec. 5, when Rev. Dean Johnston 
gave a splendid address on "The Political Situ- 
ation in Europe." Miss Rae Isaac (B.G.H., 
1924), who is on furlough from Kong Moon, 
China, has registered at the Brantford General 
Hospital for postgraduate study. Miss Dorothy 
Franklin (B.G.H., 1932) has registered for 
postgraduate study in special subjects. Miss 
Amy Adams (B.G.H. 1932) has returned to 
her home in Trail, B.C. Miss Hilda D. Muir, 
operating room supervisor, and Miss Rae Isaac 
attended the refresher course at Toronto Uni- 
The annual meeting of the Brantford 
Branch of the Ontario Red Cross was held 
recently. Mr. R. E. Gunther was re-elected 
president; Mrs. J. N. Mitchell, of the Victorian 
Order of Nurses, was appointed as chairman 
of the Home Nursing Committee; Mrs. Fred 
Unger will direct the organitation of the 
classes again this year. Miss Beulah Scott, Red 
Cross Outpost Hospital, Apsley, attended the 
meeting, and received a shower of books and 
toys for Christmas at the Outpost Hospital. 
KITCHENER: The monthly meeting of the 
Kitchener-Waterloo Chapter R.N.A.O. took 
the form of a supper. Covers were laid for 

ixty and the tables were gay with Christmas 
colour. The speaker was Miss Rosenburger, 
who interestingly outlined public health in 
Korea. The election of officers resulted as fol- 
lows: Chairman: Miss A. E. Bingeman; vice- 
chairman, Miss H. Wilson; secretary, Miss 
Ida Brubacher: trea
urer, Miss W. Knell. 
Kitchener student nur
es of the Kitchenel 
Waterloo hospital arc enioying an affiliate 
JANUARY, 1934 

course with the Riverdale Isolation Hospital, 
Toronto. They are also privileged to spend 
some time with the Kitchener Public Health 
organization. This is proving to be eminently 
satisfactory. At the November meeting of the 
Kitchener- Waterloo Alumnae Association an 
instructive lecture on intestinal intoxication 
was given by Dr. Whaley. Plans were made 
for a Christmas social 
MARRIED: Miss Olive W. McArthur (K.W. 
H. 1931) to Mr. Howard Latsch. 
MARRIED: Miss Gladys L. Guenther (K.W. 
fl. 1928) to Mr. Fred Cords. 
MARRIED: Miss Margaret E. Muir (K.W.H. 
1932) to Mr. Briceton Palmer Waugh. 
MARRIED: Miss Violet Ballantyne (K.W.H. 
1932) to Mr. Howard Christner. 
HAMILTON: A Christmas charity bridge was 
held on Nov. 30. The committee included the 
following: Miss L. McElhone ( convener), 
Misses H. McMann amy, M. Kelly, E. Mc- 
Kenna, K. Dowling, A. Melody, M. Mettger, 
H. Fagan, A. Williams. 
TORONTO: An interesting event took place 
on Nov. 12, when the graduates of Miss Mary 
Agnes Snively, for many years superintendent 
of the Training School for Nurses of the 
Toronto General Hospital, and a renowned 
pioneer in nursing, gathered at a dinner in 
memory of her. Had she lived, she would 
have reached the age of eighty-six on that day. 
Several speakers eulogized Miss Snively in 
loving and heartfelt terms and in humoT"O
anecdote. A generous letter of hig!. praise 
from Miss Jean 1 Gunn, the present superin- 
tendent of the training school, was read, and 
was much appreciated as coming fror'l one 
whose hands hold a great many more respon- 
sibilities than existed in the old d:!yc;, a
whose Own achievements and excelJen:e w.'n 
such signal honour in Paris this past summer. 
Miss Gunn's letter was as {ol1ows: 
"Dear Mrs. Aubin:-I regret very much 
that I am unable to accept your invitation {or 
dinner. In previous years the twelfth vf Nov- 
ember has always been a special day for the 
Toronto General nurses, when we al1 reJTIer
be red Miss Snively's birthday, and althouJ?'h in 
recent years she did not feel able to mec-t the 
nurses in large numbers, stilI she enjoyed to 
the fullest extent the birthday greeting.. that 
found their way to her quiet room in this busy 
hospital. She always spent a happy day, {ull 
of memories of birthdays long past, and blessed 
with loving greetings {rom those who were 
privilel!ed to claim her ;t<: a friend. So I hot' 



this evening will not be a sad one, but will 
sound a note of triumph for a life that brought 
guidance and inspiration to each one, and 
whose influence did much for the profession 
which we all hold so dear. The graduates of 
our school have a great heritage from a great 
woman, and teacher, whose life so closely fol, 
lowed the text which was the last written 
message I received on the Saturday before she 
went away: 'My verse for today, Saturday, 
September 23, 1933, I wIll instruct thee and 
teach thee in the way thou shalt go.... 
Miss Snively time and again spoke to her 
nurses of the unfailing kindness of the great 
and good woman who has followed her as 
superintendent of nurses at the Toronto Gen- 
eral Hospital, who in the midst of a multi, 
plicity of exacting duties was chiefly instru- 
mental in making Miss Snively's last years the 
happiest of her life. Miss Snively's graduates 
decided that, in future 'years, they would set 
aside the evening of November 12 for a 
gathering in her memory and honour. 
TORONTO: A general meeting of the Public 
Health Alumnae Association was held at the 
School of Nursing, Toronto University, on 
Nov. 28. Amalgamation with the hospital 
teachers and administrators alumnae was 
heartily endorsed, and it was decided that the 
executive should take the necessary steps for 
the merger. It was decided to make a small 
levy as a means of raising money for a gift 
to the School of Nursing and it is hoped that 
there may be some graduates who are not 
members but might like to contribute. The 
hospital, teachers and administrators group 
later joined with the Public Health Alumnae 
in holding a reception for the public health 
classes of Courses 1 and 2, and the new class 
of the teachers and administrators. Miss Kelly 
sang several de1ightful numbers, and Miss 
Greenwood gave an excellent informal talk on 
the International Congress. 
TORONTO: Community Health Association 
of Greater Toronto: A valuable and reassuring 
address on "The Prevention of Heart Dis- 
ease" was given b'y Dr. John Oille, assistant 
professor of medicine at the University of 
Toronto, to about eighty members of the Com- 
munity Health Association of Greater Toron- 
to on December 1. Miss Laura Gamble, presi- 
dent of the Association, introduced Dr. Oille, 
and a vote of thanks was moved by Miss Ruby 
Hamilton and Miss Irene Hedges. 
TORONTO: Grant MacDonald Training 
School. On Nov. 17 the Alumnae Association 
gave a children's party to help raise funds for 
Christmas cheer boxes. The patients' annual 

ale of work was held on Nov. 25, and the 

proceeds from the tea served by the Alumnae 
Association will also be used for this purpose. 
MARRIED: In October, at Toronto, Miss 
Kathleen Murphy to Rev. B. Smyth of Tunis- 
MARRH:.lJ: In October, at Toronto, Miss 
Beth Crawford to Mr. Keith Gordon, of To- 
MARRIED: In October, at Orangeville, Miss 
MarjorIe Clark to Dr. Thos. Kirkpatrick, of 
New Hamburg. 
MARRIED: At Toronto, Miss Helen Tucker 
to Mr. John McCallum, of Alton. 
MARRIED: In September, at Toronto, Miss 
Rita McDougall to Mr. Lang, of Toronto. 
MARRIED: In September, at Toronto, Miss 
Muriel Reid to Rev. Mr. Forte, of Horning's 
LINDSAY: The regular meeting of the Alum- 
nde Association of the Ross Memorial Hospital 
took place at the home of Miss K. Mortimer, 
with sixteen members present. After a short 
business meeting the remainder of the evening 
was spent with music and bridge, Miss Hard- 
ing, operating supervisor, being the winner 
of the first pri
e. Mrs. Morrison (nee Miss 
McNevan), a recent bride, was presented with 
a flower bowl and candle holders. A number 
of the members took advantage of the presence 
of two ladies gifted in reading teacups to 
look into the future. At the close a delectable 
lunch was partaken of and the evening was 
such a pleasant one that it was unanimously 
decided to hold a similar meeting in the near 
BROCKVILLE: Miss Cornelia Sheridan (B. 
G.H. 1916), who has been director of the 
V.O.N. in Hamilton for the past five years. 
has returned from Europe, having attended 
the LC.N. Congress and visited hospitals in 
Great Britain and on the Continent. 

CHARLOTTETOWN: The regular quarterly 
meeting of the Graduate Nurses Association 
of Prince Edward Island was held in the 
Prince County Hospital, the president, Miss 
Pidgeon, in the chair. Routine business was 
taken up. There was a large attendance from 
Charlottetown. At the close of the meeting. 
afternoon tea was served. 
MARRIED: On September 7, at Milton, 
P.E.I., Miss Lillian Moore (P.E.I.H. 1932), 
to Mr. Wm. Seaman of Charlottetown. 
MARRIED: On October 25, at Cornwall. 
P.E.!., Miss Mary Florence McKenzie (P.E.I. 
H. 1930), to Mr. Daniel Livingstone, New 

VOL. XXX, No. I 


MARRIED: On November 9, at Moncton, 
N.B.;Miss Ida Jane McLean (P.E.I.H. 1932), 
to Mr. Harold Heartz, Charlottetown. 
MARRIED: On November 10, at Cornwall, 
P.E.I., Miss Annie McPhee (P.E.I.H. 1929), 
to Mr. Stewart Moore, Charlottetown. 

MONTREAL: On Nov. 10 Miss Isabell Mc- 
Connell (M.G.H. 1925) visited the School of 
Nursing of the Montreal General Hospital. 
Miss McConnell is on furlough from the 
Presbyterian Mission Hospital, at Jobat, Cen- 
tral India, where she has been engaged in 
missionary work for the last five years. Inci- 
dentally, Miss Bessie MacMurchy (M.G.H. 
1931), having recently joined this mission 
station, made it possible for Miss McConnell 
to take this respite from her arduous duties. 
A missionary's furlough is not all play, but 
Miss McConnell was kind enough to spare 
some time for us, in the midst of a busy week 
in Montreal, addressing numerous meetings 
and attending functions in connection with 
her work. Fifty preliminary students greatly 
enjoyed the informal talk that Miss McCon- 
nell had with them, and much interest was 
shown in the Indian souvenirs displayed. At 
a well-attended meeting of the Alumnae As- 
sociation, Miss McConnell, looking most at- 
tractive in a charming blue sari, gave a de- 
lightful description of her work. Her intense 
interest in the uplift of the people among 
whom she lives was manifest, and with Our 
admiration was blended a touch of envy of 
one whose life is such a real blessing and 
whose influence is so far reaching. 
Friends of Miss Mary S. Mathewson (M. 
G .H. 192 5) will be interested to hear that she 
has been appointed part-time instructor for 
public health students in the School for Grad, 
uate Nurses, McGill University. Miss Mathew' 
son has, for the past few years, been associ, 
ated with the Child Welfare Association of 
Montreal, and has been in charge of the Wel- 
fare Centre on St. Hubert Street. Miss E. M. 
Sykes (M.G.H. 1932), who has been a mem- 
ber of the staff of the Laurentian Sanitorium 
at St. Agathe des Monts, is returning to Eng- 
land, and her position has been filled by Miss 
Mary Hamilton (M.G.H. 1932), who has 
resigned from the Protestant Infants' Home, 
where she acted in the capacity of night super' 
visor. Miss Hamilton has been replaced by 
Miss Lilly Burri (M.G.H. 1933). 
M"'RRIED: On Nov. 8, at Hamilton, Ont., 
Miss Marion Roberta MiI1er (M.G.H. 1927) 
to Dr. Evan Vere Shute. Dr. and Mrs. E. V. 
Shute will reside in London, Onto 

-' -\NlIARY, 19J-1 


MARRIED: On Nov. 8, at Montreal, Miss 
Marian E. Cooke (M.G.H. 1933), of St. 
John's, Nfld., to Mr. Cecil G. Rowe. Mr. 
and Mrs. Rowe will reside in Montreal. 
MONTREAL: Miss Marion McNaughton 
(R. V .H. 1933), is taking a post-graduate 
course in psychiatry at the Ontario Hospital, 
Whitby, and Miss Margaret Goldie (R.V.H. 
1930), i
 taking a course in psychiatry at 
Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore. Misses 
Jean MacLaren, Catherine Scott, Helen Reid, 
Norma Jamieson and Ruth Ross are taking 
postgraduate Courses at the School for Gradu- 
ate Nurses, McÇill University. Miss Esther 
Robertson (R.V.H. 1933), is taking a post' 
graduate course in tuberculosis nursing at 
Ste. Agathe. Miss Grace Vanderwater and 
Miss Florence Jamieson (R.V.H. 1933), have 
taken staff positions at the Alexandra Hos- 
pital, Montreal. Miss Elizabeth Lyster 
(R.V.H. 1932), has joined the staff of the 
King Edward Institute, and Miss Constance 
Lamontagne (R.V.H. 1932), the staff of the 
Victorian Order of Nurses, Montreal. Miss 
Margaret Brady and Miss Margaret Carey 
(R.V.H. 1932), have taken positions in the 
Child Welfare Association, Montreal. 
MARRIED: On November 6, in New York, 
Miss Annie May Sutherland (R.V.H. 1928), 
to Mr. Leonard Augustus Fairbanks. 
MARRIED: On November, at Montreal, Miss 
Constance Moule (R.V.H. 1932), to Mr. 
Thomas Dickison. 
THREE RIVERS: On Nov. 20 and 21 a re- 
gional conference for Metropolitan nursf'S in 
the Province of Quebec was held in Three 
Rivers. Twenty-two Metropolitan nUrses and 
three supervisors attended, representing nine- 
teen nursing services. Rimouski was the only 
service not represented, as the nurse there 
had some very ill patients whom she did not 
want to leave. The International Paper ('('IfT1' 
pany was also represented, as were the Child 
Welfare League and the Anti-Tuberculosis 
Association. The Metropolitan nutrit;onist, 
Miss M. McColl, contributed a valuable part 
of the programme. This Institute was hf'ld in 
 classroom of St. Joseph's Hospital Sct100l 
of Nursing, kindJy lent for this purpose by the 
Reverend Sisters who, with several pupil 
nurses, attended conferences and demonstra' 
tions. ^ banquet was held on Nov. 20, at 
which were present, in addition to those at' 
tending the Institute, the manager, assistant 
manager, agents and their wives. There wa!; a 
musical programme and Dr. Tetreault and Dr. 
de Charette addressed the nurse!'!. 


SOUTAR-An interesting and lovable per- 
sonality Miss Mildred Soutar, Reg. N., 
Superintendent of the M. G. Abbey Memo' 
rial Children's Nursing Home, Arnkut, 
Central India, passed away on November 
19, 1933, at the early age of thirty'two. 



She was born in Toronto and later came 
to Hamilton to live. After a successful 

course of studies she proceeded to prepare 
herself for her life's work as a nurse 'in the 
School of Nursing of St. Joseph's Hospital, 
Hamilton, graduating in 1928. After a few 
years of professional practice, culminating 
in a special missionary course in the Pres' 
byterian Deaconess School, Toronto, she 
set sail for her field of labour in India. Miss 
Soutar was held in high esteem by all con' 
nected with St. Joseph's Hospital, and will 
remain a pleasant memory of a young life 
spent in sacrifices for others. 
COUSINS.--Friends in Saint John were sad, 
dened to learn of the death of Miss Alice 
Cousins which occurred at her home in 
West Port, N.S., on December 1, 1933. 
Miss Cousins graduated in 1926 from the 
School of Nursing of the Saint John Gen' 
eral Hospital and, in failing health, return' 
ed to her home only two weeks before her 
McCULLOGH.-At the Montreal General 
Hospital, on Nov. 13, 1933, Jane (Jeanie) 
McCullogh (M.G.H. 1925). 


In the death, at Toronto, on November 27, 
1933, of Miss Jessie M. Sheraton we, in the 
Maritime Provinces, have lost one of our early 
nursing leaders. Miss Sheraton was the eighth 
nurse to graduate from the School of Nursing 
of the Saint John General Hospital, then 
known as the General Public Hospital, and 
shortly after completing her training about 
1889, was appointed lady superintendent of 
Prince Edward Island Hospital, Charlotte' 
town. In 1895 she resigned this position and, 
for a year, was superintendent of nurses .in 
the.New York Polyclinic Postgraduate Medi- 


cal School and Hospital. In 1896 she was 
appointed superintendent of the Aberdeen 
Hospital, New Glasgow, N.S., and held that 
position for twenty' five years. After her re' 
tirement she made Saint John her place of 
residence. Her many friends, of whom the 
writer is privileged to be one, knew her as a 
woman of sterling worth. Interment took place 
in Fernhill Cemetery, Saint John, - and the 
funeral service was conducted bV the Rev. T. 
Hudson Stewart, rector of St. John's (Stone) 
Church, Saint John. Contributed by Agnes 
Douglas Carson. 

VOL. xxx, No. 1 


MONTREAL: The Overseas Nursing Sisters 
Association of Canada was officially repre' 
sented at the funeral service of the late Sir 
Arthur Currie, on Dec. 5. 1933, by Nursing 
Sister Nell Enright, the president of the Mont. 
real Unit. Sixteen of our members were ac' 
corded a position of honour in the funeral 
ceremonies by being given places in the open 
quadrangle, immediately behind the gun-car' 
riage, on which were the remains of the late, and past which, for one 
hour and twenty minutes the garrison and 
veterans marched, making their final salute. 
.Our greatest yet with least þretence. 
Great in council and great in war. 
Rich in saving common'sense, 
And. as the greatest only are. 
In his simplicity, sublime. 
OTTAWA: The following ex. Nursing Sisters 
had the honour of representing the Nursing 
Service of the C.A.M.C. at the funeral of 
General Sir Arthur Currie: Ex.Nursing Sister 
Muriel Armstrong (Mrs. B. 1. Wickware), 
ex,Nursing Sister Annie McNicol, ex.Nursing 
Sister Mabel Hamilton and ex.Nursing Sister 
Ruth Dawn (Mrs. H. 1. Taylor). Other ex' 
Nursing Sisters who went to Montreal from 
Ottawa for the funeral WE're: Gertrude Hal. 
penny, Jean Bowie and Emily Schryer. 
CALGARY: The members of the Calgary 
branch of the Overseas Nursing Sisters Asso. 
ciation attended the Armistice Service, held 
in the Armories, and a wreath was placed 
on the Cenotaph in memory of those of our 
number who gave themselves for King and 
Country. The Club were entertained at tea 
by Nursing Sisters Ann Gee, Marion Lavell 
and N. Gunn. Twenty,three members were 
present. We enjoyed seeing everybody and 
hearing of each others' troubles and joys. We 
were glad to welcome Mrs. Stanway (Nan 
MacLeod), No. IX Unit. We lost one of Our 
members in July, Sister Allison, of Belcher 
Hospital. Our sympathy goes out to her aged 
ESSEX COUNTY: The Armistice DaY dinner 
of the Essex County Branch of the Overseas 
Nurses Association was held on November 

JANUARY, 1934 

17 at the home of the president, Miss Caroline 
La Rose. The tables were fittingly decorated 
with flags and flowers. After dinner a short 
business meeting was held following which the 
nurses sang some of the old war,time songs. 
Those present were: Misses Caroline La Rose, 
Frances McNally, Fielder, Bailey, Johnson, 
Bull, Shand, Jackson, Mmes. W. J. Elliott, 
Bates, Ritchie, F. Bowen, G. C. Storey. 
MONTREAL: On Remembrance Day, the 
Montreal Branch of the Overseas Nursing 
Sisters Association of Canada, held their 
annual reunion dinner. Nursing Sister Nell 
Enright, president of the branch, received the 
Sisters. Mrs. Gibson (N. S. Couillard), wife 
of Brigadier.General Gibson, Officer Com. 
manding District No.4, was the guest of the 
evening. As the years pass our group increases. 
This year we numbered seventy'nine, nine 
being French sisters. We were delighted that 
Matron Decarmie of St. Cloud Hospital was 
also with us. We felt honoured to think 
that even a train was persuaded to wait for a 
sister who was delayed at the hospital in 
Grand'Mere. The president proposed the 
toast to the King. Mrs. Roman (Nursing 
Sister Sedgwick), in a few quiet words pro' 
posed a toast to the absent sisters, especially 
mentioning Sister Connie Harrison, our treas. 
urer, who through illness was unable to be 
present. A renewal of our memories of those 
who are forever silent was brought to us by 
the clear notes of the Last Post. played by a 
bugler from a Highland Regiment. After the 
silence he sounded the Reveille. A telegram 
was received during dinner from' 
Chief M. MacDonald which read: "So long 
as memory holds a seat in this distracted 
globe, we shall meet in spirit this night, con. 
secrated to so many memories. Love and 
cheerio," A letter was also read from Nurs. 
ing Sister Clint, to which she personally added 
a few words asking for the support of the 
nursing sisters, in the publication and distribu. 
tion of her book, entitled "Our Bit," written 
on the Nursing Services during the war. The 
entire group expressed their appreciation of 
Miss Clint's effort by promising their support. 
At the dose of OUr delightful reunion Sister 



Upton proposed a vote of thanks to Mr. J. 
Rice and his artists, Mr. Jack Vanderstraten 
and Mr. J. Schafe, who had entertained us 
by singing the old familiar songs. Time was 
to us no more. We were flooded by those 
memories that we forever hold; precious and 
secure. Weare linked together for all time 
by an unbreakable bond, revived at the Ceno, 
taph, surrounding us at our dinner, and car' 
ried in our hearts till our next meeting on 
Remembrance Day. 
OTTAWA: The Ottawa Unit of the Over' 
seas Nursing Sisters Association held their 
second Memorial Day dinner on November 
11, when twenty,five members were present. 
The president, Mrs. H. J. Coghill (Eva Ham' 
bley), presided. The table was attractively 
decorated with flowers sent by Miss Georgina 

Pope with regrets that she was not able to 
be present. Regrets were also sent by Matron' 
in,Chief Margaret C. MacDonald and Miss 
Edith C. Raeside. An honored guest was 
Mrs. Barefoot (Dorothy Winters), who re' 
turned from India early in the summer and is 
spending the winter in Ottawa. A short busi, 
ness meeting was held and Mrs. Coghill's 
resignation as president was regretfully 
accepted and a hearty vote of thanks tendered 
her. Mrs. C. A. Young (N. S. Gratton), 
was unanimously elected president for the 
coming year. In view of the interest shown 
by the members, and in order to help main, 
tain that bond which was formed between all 
nursing sisters overseas, it was decided that 
the Armistice Day dinner be an annual event 
with the Ottawa Unit. 

OUR BIT War Memories of a Canadian Nursing Sister 
by ex-Nursing Sister Mabel Clint, A.R.R.C. 

The manuscript of this vivid and moving recital of a tremendous 
experience has been read and endorsed by :\Iatron-in-chief :\Iargaret 
:\Iacdonald. Though not an official history, this book is an eye-witness 
account of events in the war zone in France, England, Belgium, Egypt 
and Lemnos and thus constitutes an authentic picture of actual con- 
ditions not aR yet available in any other publication. 


Une thousand copies must be ordered before February 1, 1934, in 
order to ensure publication. Orders received before this date will be 
acceptf.'d at the pre-publication price which will not exceed $1.25. 
The edition will be limited. Orders may be sent to :\Iiss l\Iabel Clint, 
2112 Claremont Ave., 
Iontreal. Please do not send money. Simply 
order thp numbf.'r of copies you desire on the following coupon: 



Number of copies desired 

VOL. XXX, No. 1 

. . . OFF. . . DUTY. . . 

When we were very young . . . we loved maps ., especially those whICh 
showed . . . whales spouting . . . and lions roaring . . . and volcanoes in full 
blast . . . now in our sere and yellow leaf . . . we studoy the mailing list . . . 
of this excellent publication . . . and have almost as good a time . . . "'The 
Canadian Nurse" . . . does go places . . . and see things . . . just listen to this 
. . . and then stop tall{ing . . . about worl.d . . . undertal{en at fabulous 
expense . . . all you have to do . . . is to set sail with us . . . to Angola in 
Portuguese West Africa . . . to Oricute in Cuba . . . to Honolulu . . . to 
'Tientsin . . . to Hamheung . . . yes, in Korea . . . to Szechuan in West China 
. . . to Zululand . . . and 'T al{ato . . . which is in Japan. . . in case you don't 
l{now . . . would you lil{e . . . to see Budapest? . . . we go there every month 
. . . and to Celebes. . . in the Dutch East Indies. . . and to Bermuda. . . and 
further south still . . . to Colombia in South America . . . why not have another 
lool{ at Paris . . . or drop in at International headquarters in Geneva . . . 
perhaps 'you would rather . . . confine yourself . . . to the British Commonwealth 
of Nations . . . and go to Wellington in New Zealand . . . or Parel in India 
. . . or Sydney in Australia. . . this month for the first time . . . we proudly 
drive up . . . to the door of Bucl{ingham Palace . . . where the King lives . . . 
and the 
ueen . . . and the Prince of Wales . . . suppose that just by accident 
. . . the Prince happened to be l{ept waiting . . . for his golden coach . . . and 
his scarlet postillions. . . and wanted something to read . . . and saw the "Journal" 
. and Picl{ed it up . . . and read Off Duty . . . but of course such things 
. . . only happen in fairy tales . . . he never would in real life . . . 'yet he himself 
. . . is a great traveller . . . he would lil{e . . . our mailing list . . . especially the 
names of quiet little towns . . . in Alberta . . . near a ranch . . . where the prize 
cattle are branded. . . with the ititials "E.P." . . . and there are no crowds. . . 
and on clear days . . . you can see the Rocl{y Mountains . . . maps are wonderful 
things . . . and journeys too . . . if they are not too long . . . as for mailing lists 
. . . the longer they are the better . . . but we must not . . . spoil the voyagl? 
. . . by tall{ing shop . . . and yet . . . why not start the year. . with a good 
deed . . . by putting another name . . . on that mailing list . . . that of soml' 
nurse " who finds the going. . a bit difficult these days . . . and do not forget 
. . . to add fifteen cents. . for exchange . . . on all cheques . . . stgned on thp. 
dotted line . . . as below . . . 



- --.-,..- - -- 



Subscription rate $2.00 per year in Canada. Foreign postage fifty cents additional. 

Please send 'The Canadian Nurse to: 

N am e ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 

Address ....................................... .................................................................................................................-..........-........... 

JANUARY, 1934 




International Council of Nurses: 
Secretary, Miss Christiane Reimann, 14 Quai des Eaux- Vives, Geneva, Switzerland 

President.... ................... ..............Miss F. H. M. Emory, University of Toronto, Toronto, Onto 
First Vice-President................ ..........Miss R. M. Simpson, Parliament B1dgs., Regina, Sask. 
Second Vice-President............ Miss G. M. Bennett, Ottawa Civic Hospital, Ottawa, Onto 
Honorary Secretary..........................Miss Nora Moore, City Hall, Room 309, Toronto, Ont. 
Honorary Treasurer ..............Miss M. Murdoch, St. John General Hospital, Saint John, N.B. 
.YulIli'ml" 1}I'ecn/in" '1IamfS -mdicnle f
(fìCf' It/-[ft 1'"iZ: (1) I'Tf"l
idf'1!t P7'm'l1lC'ial /I'lITSCS .As""CÎu/ÙI71: If) rhninllan 
/I'ltrsi71Y Edumlirl1l :'fectiun: (5) Chairman. Public Health &climt; l
) Chairman. Private Duty Section. 

-\lherta: (I) :\Iiss F. Munroe, Royal Alexandra Hos- 
pital, Edmonton; (2) :\Iiss J. Connal, General Hospi- 
tal, Cah!ary; (3) Miss B. A. Emerson, 604 Civic 
Block, Edmonton; (4) :\liss,J. C'low.l1138-82nd Ave., 
British Columbia: (I) l\
iss M. F. Gray, Dept. of 
Kursing, University of British Columbia, Vancouver; 
(2) Miss L. l\litchell, Royal Jubilee Hospital, Yic- 
toria; (3) Miss M. Duffield, 175 Broadway East, 
Yancouver; (4) Miss M. Mirfield, Beachcroft Nurs- 
ing Home, Cook St., Yictoria. 
Manitoba: (I) Miss Jean Houston, Manitoba Sana- 
torium, Ninette; (2) :\Iiss M. C. Macdonald, 668 
Bannatyne Ave., Winnipeg; (3) Miss A. Laporte. 
St. Norbert; (4) Miss K. McCallum, 181 Ellfieid 
Crescent, Norwood. 
New Brunswick: (I) MiBB A. J. MacMaster, Monctoll 
Hospital, Moncton; .2) Sister Corinne Kerr, Hotel 
Dieu Hospital, Campbellton; (3) Miss Ada Burns, 
Health Centre, Saint John; (4)Miss Mabel McMullen, 
St. Stephen. 
'1ova Scotia: (l) :\Iiss Anne Slattery, Box 173, 
Windflor; (2) Mrs. l\lurray :\lacKay. Nova Scotia 
'Jital, Dartmouth; (3) Miss A. Edith Fenton, 
Dalh I1Isie Health Clin;c, :\Iorris St., Halifax; (4) 
:\Iiss Christine MacLeod, 97 South I\:Jine St., Halifax. 

Ontario: (I) Miss Marjorie Buck, Norfolk Hospital, 
Simcoe; (2) Miss S. M. Jamieson, Peel Memorial 
Hospital, Brampton; (3) Mrs. Agnes Haygarth, 
21 Sussex St., ToroIlto; (4) Miss Clara BrowIl, 23 
Kendal Ave., Toronto, 
Prince Edward Island: (1) Miss Lillian PidgeoIl, 
Prince Co. Hospital, Summerside, (2) Mis(l F. Lavers, 
Prince Co. Huspital. Summerside: (3) Miss I. Gillan, 
59 Grafton St., Charlottetown; (4) MiBB M. Gamble, 
51 Ambrose St., Charlottetown, 
Quebec: (1) Miss C. V. Barrett, Royal Victoria Hos- 
pital, Montreal; (2) Miss Martha BatsoIl, Montreal 
General Hospital, Montreal; (3) Miss Marioll Nash, 
1246 Bishop Street, Montreal; (4) Miss Sara Mathe- 
SOIl, Apt. 24, 2151 Lincoln Ave., MontreaL 
Saskatchewan: (I) Miss Edith Amas, City Hospital, 
Saskatoon; (2) Miss G. l\1. Watson, City Hospital, 
Saskatoon; (3) Mrs. E. :\1. Feeny, Dept. of Public 
Health, Parliament BldgR., Regina; (4) Miss 1\1. R. 
C'hisholm, 805 7th Ave. N. Saskatooll. 

NURSING EDUCATION: Miss G. M. Fairley, Vancouver 
General Hospital, Vancouver; PUBLIC HEALTH: I\liss 
M. Moag, 1246 Bishop St., Muntreal; PRIVATE 
DUTY: Miss Isabel MacIntosh, Queellscourt Apt., 
75 Queen E:t. S., Hamilton. 

Executive Secretary: Miss Jean S. Wilson, National Office, 1411 Crescent St., 
Montreal, P.Q. 


CHAIRMAN: Miss G. M. Fairley, Vallcouver Gelleral 
Hospital, Vancouver; VICE-CHAIRMAN: MiBB M. F. 
Gray, University of British Columbia, Vancouver; 
SECRETARY: Miss E. F. Upton, Suite 221, 1396 St. 
Catherine St. West, Montreal; TREA8URER: MiI'B M. 
Biallche Anderson, Ottawa Civic Hospital, Ottawa, 
C'OUNCILLOR8-Atberta: l\'1iss J. Connal, General Hos- 
pital, Calgary. British Columbia: 
'1iss L. Mitchell, 
Royal Jubilee Hospital, Victoria. Manitoba: Miss 
:\1. C'. Macdonald, 668 Bannatyne Ave.. Winnipeg. 
:"IIew Brunswick: Sister Corinne Kerr, Hotel Dieu, 
('ampbellton. Nova Scotia: Mrs. Murray 

 ova Scotia H( spital, Dartmouth. Ontario: 
f'. 1\1. Jamieson, Peel Memorial Hospital, Brampton. 
Prince Edward Island: Mi!'s l\1. Lavers, Prince 
Co. Hospital. Summerside. Quebec: Miss Martha 
BatllOn, :\Iontreal General Ho!'pital, Montreal. Sas- 
katchewan: Miss G. M. Watson, City Hospital, 

askatoon. C'ONVENFR OF PUBLICATIONS: l\liss M. 
:\1. Reid, Winnipeg General Hospital, Winnipeg. 

('HAlRMAN: :\Iiss Isahel l\>lacIntosh, Queenscourt .-\ pt., 
75 Queen 
t. S., Hamilton; VICE-('HAIRMAN: Miss 
vlabel McMullen, Box 338. St. Stephen; SECRETARY- 
TREASURER: Mrs. Rose Hess, 139 \Vellin!!:ton St., 
('Q{.NCILLORs-Alberta: :\Iiss J. ('low, 11138-82nd 
Ave.. Edmonton. British Columbia: Miss M. 
\Iirfipld. T!p8chcroft NursinJl: Home, \ïctoria. 


:\Ianitoba: Miss K. McCallum, 181 Enfield Cres., 
Norwood. New Brunswick: Miss Mabel McMullen, 
St. Stephen. Nova Scotia: Miss Christine MacLeod, 
97 South Kline St., Halifax. Ontario: Miss Clara 
Brown, 23 Kendal Ave., Toronto. Prince Edward 
Island: l\lisfl M. Gamble, 51 Ambrose St., Charlotte- 
town. Quebec: Mifls Sara Matheson, 2151 Lincoln 
Ave.. Montreal. Saskatchewan: Miss M. R. Chis 
holm, 805 7th .A. ve. N., Saskatoon. CONVENER OF 
PUBLICATION8: l\fiss Jean Davidson, Paris. 

CHAIRMAN: Miss M. Moag. 1246 Bishop St., Montreal; 
VICE-CHAIRMAN: Miss M. Kerr, 946 20th Ave.. W., 
Vancouver; SECRETAR' -TREA8URER: Miss Mary 
Mathewson, 464 Strathcona Ave., Weatmount, P.Q. 
COUNCILLORs-Alberta: Miss B. A. Emerson, 604 
Civic Block, Edmonton. British Columbia: Miss 
M. Duffield, 175 Broadway East, Vancouver. 
Manitoba: MiBB A. Laporte, St. Norbert. New 
Brunswick: Miss Ada Burns, Health Centre, 
Saint John. Nova Scotia: Miss A. Edith FentoIl, 
Dalhousie Health Clinic, Morris St., Halifax. 
Ontario: Mrs. Agnes Haygarth, 21 Sussex St., 
Toronto. Prince Edward Island: MiBB Illa GillaIl, 
59 Graftoll St.. Charlottt tOWIl. Quebec: Miss 
Marion Nash, 1246 Bishop 
t., MOlltreal. Sas- 
katchewan: Mrs. E. M. Feeney, Dept. of Public 
Health, Parliament BuildinJ!s, Re,t:ina. CONVENER 
OF PUBLICATION8: Mrs. Agnes Haygarth, 21 SUSSP"I[ 
St., Toronto. 

VOL. XXX, No. I 



Provincial Associations of Registered Nurses 


Alberta Association of Reßistered Nurses 
President, Miss F. Munroe, Royal Alexandra 
Hospital, Edmonton; First Vice-President, Mrs. de 
Satge, Holy Cross Hospital, Cal2ary; Second Yice- 
President, :\fiss S. :\lacdonald, General HOllpital, 
Calgary; Secretary-Treasurer-Registrar, :\lillll Kat. S. 
Brighty. Administration Building, Edmonton; CHAIK- 
MEN: Nursing Education Section, Mise J. Connal, 
General Hospital, Calgary; Public Health Section, Mis. 
E. A. Emerson, 604 Civic Block, Edmonton; Private 
Duty Section, :\liss .J. C. Clow, 11138-82nd Ave., 

Graduate Nurses' Association of British Columbia 
President, :\1. F. Gray, 1466 W. 14th Ave., Vancou- 
ver; First Vice-President, E. G. Breeze; Second Vice- 
President, G. Fairley; Registrar, H. Randal, 516 Van- 
couver Block, \'ancouver; Secretary, 1\1. Kerr, 516 
Vancouver Block, Vancouver; Conveners of Committees: 
Nursing Education, L. :\litchell, Royal Jubilee Hospi- 
tal, Victoria; Public Health, :\1. Duffield, 17.'> Broad\\ay 
East, Vancouve
; Private Duty, !\Iiss 1\1. Mirfield, 

eachcroft Nursmg Home, Cook St., \'ictoria; Coun- 
ctllors, M. P. Campbell, 
1. Dutton, L. :\lcAlIister 
K. Sanderson. ' 

ÌII Manltoba-A..'nlof Re
ll'Itered NlJrses 
sideIlt,. Miss 
eall Houston, Ninette, Man.; 
1st Vice-President, MI88 M. Reid, Nurses Home W G H 
WiIlIlipeg: 2nd \'ice-President, Miss Christine' Me-: 
Leod, General He spital, BrandoIl; 3rd Yice-Presidellt 
ter !{rause, St. Honiface Hospital Board Members; 
1. Lan!!:, K. W. Ellis, C. Taylor, 1. 
McDiarmid, M. Meehall. E. Shirley, E. Carruthers 

. McLeam, Sister Superior, Misericordia Hospital; 
t. Albert, St. Jo
e'ph'e Hospital; Mise 
J. PurvIS, PortaJ!e la Prame, General Hospital. 
nveners of SectioIls: Nursing Education SectioIl, 
l\f188 M. C. Macdonald, Central T. B. Clinic 668 
B8: nnat yne Ave., WinnipeJ/:; Public Health Se
MIss A. Laporte, St. Norhert, Man.; Private Duty 
Section, Mills K. McCallum, 181 Ellfieid Crescellt 
d, Man.. Conveners of COf!lmittees: Legislativé 
mmlttee, MIss C. T
ylor; Directory Committee, 

rruth.e,:s.; Social and ProlO'amme, Mi88 C. 
n'U:yard; SICk VIsltmg, !\frs. J. R. Hall; Treasurer alld 
rar: Mrs. Stella Gordon Kerr, 753 Wolseley Ave., 

runswi<<:k Association of Rc
istered Nurses 
Pre!'lldent, 1\1ISS A. J. Mac:\laster, :\loncton Hospi- 
tal, Moncton; First Vice-President, :\liss :\larltaret 
l\_lurdnrh; Second Vice-President. l\fiss :\lyrUe E. 
Kay: nonor
ry Secretary, Rev. Sister Kenny; Counc.l 
.'If embers: :\llss Florence Cnleman, :\lisB H. S. Dvkeman, 
l\lrs. A. G. \Yoodcock, !\Iiss Elsie M. Tulloêh; Con. 
vef!ers: Publ1c /l.ealth .
ection, "liB8 -\da A. Rums; 
Pnvate. Duty S
. :\llss !,Iabel !\Ic:\lullin; Nur!ling 
E,luc'l.hon Sectzon, Sister l\_f'rr; Committee Conr'eners: 
Tht; Canadi'l.n Nurse, :\Iiss Kathleen Lawson; Consti- 
tutIOn and B,:,-La\\s, :\
iss S. E. Brophv; Secretary- 
Trea'lurer-Re!/:JRtrar, :\l1s8 "laud!' E. Retallick 262 
Charlotte St. WeRt, Saint John, N.R. ' 

istercd Nurse..'1 Association of Nova Scotia 
nne .Slattery, Wind!!or; First \'il"e- 
President, MIs8 VICtoria Winslow Halifa"l[' Recond 
..irlppt. Mis!! II.farion Ro
 New Gla"..ow' 
Third Yice-PrCf1ident, Ristf'r Anna' RetoIl, H
l}ecorrlm.Q' Secrptary. Mre. Donald Gillis, 123 Vernon 
St., Hahfax; Tre"\surer and Regj"trar, Mias L. F. 
Frallf'r, 10 Eastern Trust BldJ!., Halifax. 

Registered Nurses Association of Ontario 
(Incorporated 1925) 
President, Miss Marjorie Buck. Norfolk Gelleral 
Hospital, Simcoe; First Vice-President, Miss Dorothy 
Percy, Rm. 321, Jacksoll Bldg., Ottawa; Secolld Vice- 
President, Mi88 COIlBtance Bre\\ster, General Hos- 
pital, Hamilton; Secretary-Treasurer, Miss Matilda 
E. Fitzgerald, 380 Jane St., Toronto; Chairman, 
Nurse Education Section, Miss S. Margaret JamiesoIl, 
Peel Memorial Hospital. Brampton; Chairman, 
Private Duty SectioIl, Miss Clara BrowIl, 23 Kelldal 
Ave.. ToroIlto; Chairman, Public Health SectioIl, Mrs. 
Agnes HaYl!:arth, Provincial Departmellt of Health, 
Parliament Bldgs., ToroIlto; District No.1: ChairmaIl, 
Miss Priscilla Campbell, Public General Hospital, 
Chatham; Secretary Treasurer, Miss Lila Curtis, 78 
Forest St., Chatham; Districts e and S: Chairman, 
l\liss A. E. Bingeman, Freeport Sanatorium. Kitchener; 
Secretary-Treasurer, Miss Edith Jones, 253 Grenwicb 
St., Bralltford; District No.4: Chairman, Miss COIlB- 
tance Brewster, General Hospital, Hamilton; Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, Mrs. Eva Barlow, 211 StiIlBon St., 
HamiltoIl; District No.5: Chairman, Miss Dorothy 
Mickleborough. Provincial Dept., of Health, Parlia- 
ment Bldgs., ToroIlto; Secretary-Treasurer, Miss 
Irene Weirs, 198 Manor Road East, Toronto; District 
No.6: Chairman, Miss Helen !\.1. Anderson, 709 Water 
St. Peterborou
h ;Secretary- Treasurer, :\1 iss Dorothy 
MacBrien, .:\Iicholls Hospital. Peterboro; Distrirt No.7: 
Chairman, Miss Louise D. Acton, General Hospital, 
Kinl!:8ton; Secretary-Treasurer, Miss Olivia Wilson, 
General Hospital, KinltstoIl; District No.8: ChairmaIl, 
Miss Dorothy Percy, Rm. 321, Jacksoll Bldg., Ottawa; 
Secretary-Treasurer, Mi88 A. G. Tanner, Civic Hos. 
pital. Ottawa; District No.9: Chairman, Miss Kathe- 
rine MacKenzie, 155 Second Ave. W., North Bay; 
Secretary-Treasurer, Miss Robena Buchanan, 197 
First Ave. E., North Bay; District No. 10: Chairman, 
Mrs. Marion Edwards, 226 N. Harold St., Fort Wil- 
liam; Secretary-Treasurer, Miss Ethel Steward"on, 
:\lcKellar General Hospital, Fort William. 
District No. 8 Rl'
lstered Nurses Association 
of Ontario 
Chairman: Miss D. M. Percy, Vice-Chairman; Miss 
M. B. Anderson; Secretary-Treasurer, Miss A. G. 
Tanner, Ottawa Civic Hospital; Councillors, Missee 
E. C. McIlraith, 1\1. Graham, M. Slinn, A. Brady, 
M. Robertson, R. Pridmore; COllveners of Committees, 
Membership, Miss E. Rochon; Publications, Miss 
E. C. McIlraith; Nursinlt Education, Miss :\1. E. 
Ac1and; Private Duty, Miss J. L. Church; Publir 
Health, Miss M. Robertson. 
District 10, Re
istcrcd Nurses Association 
of Ontario 
President, Miss \T. Lovehce; \ïce-PrCFidf'nt. 'Ii
s :\1. 
Hamilton; Secretnry- TU88urcr, :\1 i!'s E. Ste\\ arrls,'n, 
:\1,'Kellar General H08pital. F, rt "ilIiam; C'ouncilkrs: 
:\Iiss .Jane HOJ!arth. "liBs :\1. Wallace, :\Iiss C. Lemon, 
I\fiils C. Chivers Wil8on, l\Iiss Flannigan, :\liss Irene 

Prince Edward Island Rc
istcred l'iurses 
Prel'ident. Mi!'!!! Lilian Pidj!'eon, Prince Co. Hospital, 
Rummerside; \ïce-Pr!'8ident, :\li!'!'1 :\1. J,inll. C'harlc>tte- 
town H osnital; Secretarv, 1\1 is.. :\1. CanH bpI!, 8 Grafton 
St.. C'harlott!'tO\\n; Trea8urer and Registrar. Miss 
Erina Green. 2:)7 % QUf'!'n St., Chnrlotteto\\ n; .Vursing 
Education. :\li8S 1\1. J averil, Prinrf' Co Hnspital, 
Summer8ide; Pllblic llealth, I\1i8s I. Gillan, 5!> Grafton 
St., Charlottl'to\\n; Pri
ate D,l'", :\Iiss :\1. Gamhle, 51 
AmbrOl\e St., Charlntteto\\ n; Rpprcsl'ntative to Tht' 
('f1nadian .Vur!lt', :\Iies Anna :\Iair, P.E.I. J-Io8pital. 
Charlotteto\\ n. 
Association 01 R
lstpre.t Nur8t''' of the Province 
01 Quehec (Irlcorr>orated 1910) 
Advis()ry Boarc1, 
fi88PS Mary Samuel, I.. C. Plullips 
M. 1". Hf'rsl'Y. Bertha Harmf'r, 1\1. A. Mabt'l \lint. 
Rev. Mere 1\1. A. Allaire, Rev. Roeur Aup;ustine; 



President, MiBB Carolille V. Barrett, Royal Victoria 
Montreal MaterIlity Hoepital; Vice Presldpnt (English), 
MiBB Mar:zaret Moag, V.O.N., 1246 Bishop Street, 
Montreal; Vice-Preaidellt (FreIlch), Rev. S06ur Allard, 
Hotel-Dieu de St. Joseph, Montreal; HOIl. Secretary, 
Miss Elsie Allder, Royal Victoria Hospital; HOIl. 
Treasurer, Miss Marioll E. Nash, V.O.N., 1246 Bishop 
Street, MOIltrf'al. Other members: Miss Mabel K. 
Holt, The Montreal Gelleral Hospital, Mademoiselle 
Edna LYIlch, NursiIlg Supervisor, Metropolitall Life 
Insurallce Co., MOlltreal, Miss Sara l\1.athesoIl, Apt. 
24, 2151 Lillcoin Ave., Miss Charlotte Nixon, 2276 
Old Orchard Ave., MOlltreal, Rev. 
oeur St. Jean-de- 
I'Eucharistie, Hopital Notre Dame, MOlltreal. Con- 
veners of SectioIls: Private Duty (English), Miss Sara 
MatheBOIl. Apt. 24, Haddoll Hall Apts., 2151 LincolIl 
Ave., Montrf'al; (FreIlch) Mile l\lice Lepine, Hop:tal 
Notre Dame, MOlltreal; NursiIlg Education (English) 
Miss Martha BatsoIl, The MOlltreal General Hospital, 
(French) Rev. Soeur Aultust.iIle, Hopital St Jean-de- 
Dieu, Gamelin, P.Q.; Public Health, Mil!s Mariall 
Nash, V.O.N., Bishop Street, MOlltreal; Board of 
Examiners, MiBB C. V. Barrett (CoIlveIler), Royal 
Victoria MaterIlity Hospital, MOlltreal, Mme R. D. 
Bourque, Universite de Montreal (Ecole d'Hygiene 
Appliquee), Melles EdIla LYIlch, Apt. 3, 4503 rue 

St-Denis, Montreal, Laura Sellecal, Hopital Notre 
Dame, Misses &"ita Sutcliffe, 4635 Queell Mary Road, 
MOlltreal, Marion Lilldeburgh, School for Graduate 
Nurses, McGill University, MOlltreal, Olga V. Lillv. 
Royal Victoria Montreal Matemity Hospital, Mont- 
real; Executive Secretary, Registrar and Official 
School Visitor: . Miss E. Frallces Upton. Suite 221. 
96 St. Catherme St. W.. Montreal. 
Saskatchewan I{e1!lstered Nurses Association 
(Incorporated March, 1917) 
President, Miss Edith Amos, City Hospital, Saska- 
tOOIl; First Vice-Pre
idel1t, Miss Ruby M. F:impson, 
Dep,!-rtment of Public Health, Regina; Second Vire- 
PresldeIlt, Miss Helen B. Smith, General Hospital, 
Regina; Councillors, Miss Jean McDonald, 1122 Rae 
St., Regina, Miss Elizabeth Smith, Normal School, 
Moose Jaw; Conveners of Standing Committees: 
Nursing Education, Miss Gertrude M. WatsoIl, City 
Hospital, Saskatoon; Public Health, Mrs. E. M. 
Feeney, Department of Public Health, Regina; Private 
Duty, Miss M. R. C'hisholm. 
0.5-7th A ,,'e. N"., 
toon; Legislation, Miss R. M. Simpson, RelÒna; Secre- 
tar,}<-Treasurer and Registrar, l\1iss Margaret Ross, 
45 Angus Crescent, Regina. 

Associations of Graduate Nurses 

Calgary Association of Graduate Nurses 
Hon. President, Dr. H. A. GibsoIl; President, Miss 
P. Gilbert; First Vice-President, Miss K. Lynn; Second 
Vice-President, Miss F. Shaw; Recording and Acting 
Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. F. V. Kennedy. 1
First St. W.; Treasurer, Miss M. Watt. 

Edmonton Association of Graduate Nurses 
President, Miss Ida JohnsoIl; First Vice-President, 
Miss P. ChapmaIl; Second Vice-President, Miss E. 
Fenwick; Recording Secretary, Miss Violet Chapman, 
Royal Alexalldra Hospital, EdmoIltoIl; Press alld 
CorrespoIlCling Secretary, Miss Clow, 11138 Whyte 
Ave., Edmonton; Treasurer, Miss M. Staley, 9838- 
108th St., EdmoIltoIl; Registrar, Miss Sproule, 11138 
Whyte Ave., Edmollton. 

Medicine Hat Graduate Nunes Association 
Preeident, MiA M. Hagerman: First Vice-PreaideIlt, 
MiBB Gilchrist; Secolld Vice-President, Miss J. Jorgen- 
son; Serretary, MiBB May Reid, Nurses' Home; 
Treasurer, MiBB F. IrelaIld, let St.; Medicine Hat; 
Committee Convellers: New Memberehip, Mrs. C. 
Wright; Flower, Mrs. M. Tobin; Private Duty Section, 
Mrs. Chas. Pickering; CorrespoIldeIlt, "Th.. Crmadwn 
Nurse", Mil!l! F. Smith. Regular meetiIlg firøt Tuesday 
in month. 

Nelson Graduate Nurses' Association 
Hon. President. Miss V. B. Eidt. Acting Superinten 
dent, Kootenay Lake General Hospital;1 President. 
Miss K. Gordon; First Vice-President, Miss 1\1. Mad- 
den; Second Vice-President, Miss S. Archibald; Secre- 

Treasurer, Miss Edna Fraser, Box 1l05,!Nelson, 

VaDCouvt'1' Graduate Nurses A88odation 
Preeident, Mia K. Sallderson, 1310 Jervis St., 
Vancouver; First Vice-President, Mia M. D. Mac- 
Dermot, Prevelltorium, 2755-21st Ave. E., Vancouver; 
Second Vice-PreeideIlt, Miss J. DavidsoIl; Secretary, 
Mil!l! F. H. Walker. Gelleral Hospital, Vancouver; 
Treaeurer, Mil!l! L. G. Archibald, 536-12th Ave. W., 
Vancouver; Council, Mieees G. M. Fairley, M. F. 
Gray, M. Duffield, J. JOhIlStoIl, J. KHburIl; COIl- 
vellers of Committees: Finance, Mrs. Farrinll'toIl; 
Directory, MiBB M. I. Teulon; Social, Miss M. I. Hall; 
amme, Mil!l! G. Archibald; Sick Visiting, Mil!l! 
C. Cooper; Membersbip, MiBB M. Mirfield; Local 
Council of Women, Misllell M. F. Grav, M. Duffield; 
Press. Mrs. D. K. Simm.. . 

Vlctnl'la Graduate Nurses Association 
Hon. Presidents, Miss L. Mitchell, Sister Superior 
Ludovic; PresideIlt, Miss E. J. Herbert; First Vice- 
PresideIlt, Miss D. FramptOIl; Second Vice-PresideIlt, 
Miss C. McKenzie; Secretary, Miss I. Heiltesell ; 
Treasurer, Miss W. Cooke; Registrar, Miss E. Franks, 
1035 Fairfield Road, Victoria; Executive Committee, 
Miss E. B. StrachaIl, Miss H. Cruikshanks, Miss E. 
McDoIlald, Miss C. Kenny, Miss E. Cameron. 


Brandon Graduate Nurses' Association 
HOIl. Prea.ideIlt, Miss E. Birtle!!; HOD. Vice-Presideu t 
Mrs. W. ShilliIlglaw; President, Miss E. G. McNally; 
First Vice-President, Miss Janet AIldersoIl; Second 
Vice-PresideIlt, Mrs. Lula Fletcher; Secretary, Miss 
Jessie Munro, 243 12th St.; TreasLrer, Mrs. M. Long; 
COllveners of Committees: Social and Programme, 
1\Irs. Eidoll Hannah; Sick and Visitinlt, Mrs. Rowe 
Fisher; Welfare, Miss Gertrude Hall: Press Reporter, 
Miss Helell Morrison; Cook Book, Mrs. J. M. KaiIlB; 
ReJl:istrar, Miss C. M. Macleod. 


Graduate Nurses Alumnae, WeUand 
HOIl. President, Miss E. Smith, Superilltendent, 
Weiland General Hospital; Hon. Vice-PresideIlt, MiBB 
M. Hall, Weiland Gellera] Hospital; President, Miss 
D. Saylor; Vice-President, Miss B. Saullders; Secretary, 
MiBB M. RiIlker, 28 Divisjoll St.; Treasurer, MiBB B. 
Eller; Executive, MisBea M. Peddie, M. Tufte, B. 
Clothier and Mrs. P. Brasford. 


Graduate Nurses AS80ctßffon of the Eastern 
HOIl. President, Mies V. Beane; PresideIlt, Mia H. 
HetheriIlgton: First Vice-President, MiBB G. DwaIle; 
Second Vice-President, Mil!s N. ArguÏIl; Recording 
Secretary, MiBB P. GustafsoIl; Correspollding Secre- 
tary, Miss M. Mason, VHa Londoll St.. 
P.Q.; Treasurer, Miss M. Robins; Representative, 
Private Dutv Section. MiBl! M. Morri"sette; Repre- 
eentative, "The Canadian Nurse", Mi8I! C. Hornby, 
Box 324, Sherbrooke, P,Q. 


Montreal Graduate Nurses' Association 
Honl President, :\Iiss L. C. Phillips; President; 
:\tiss Christille Watling, 1230 Bishop Street; First 
Vice-President, Miss Sara Matheson; Secolld Vice- 
President, Mrs. A. Stanley; Secretary-Treasurer and 

ight Registrar, Miss Ethel Clark, 1230 Bishop 

treet; Day Registrar, Miss K
thleen Bliss; llelief 
Rel!;istrar, :\Iiss H. M. Sutherland; Convener Griffin- 
town Club, Miss G. Colley. Regular :\feeting, Second 
Tu('Sday of January, first Tuesday of April, October 
and Decf'mbpr. 


l\loose Jaw Graduate Nurses Association 
Hon. 'president, Mrs. 1\1. Young; President, Miss R. 
I ast; First Vice-President, Miss C. Kier' Second Vice- 
President, Mrs. W. Metcalfe; Secret
Miss J. Moir, General Hospital, Moose Jaw; Convener
of Committees: Nursing Education, Mrs. 1\1. Young, 
Sr: Mary Raphael,. Miss E. Jensen; Private Duty, 
MIss E. Wallace, !l.l1ss E. Farquhar, Miss T. Reynolds 
MiBB J. Casey; Public Health, Registrar, MiBB C. Kier: 
Programme, Miss G. Taylor; Sick Visiting, Miss L
Trench; Social, Miss M. Armstrong; Constitutions and 
By-la\\s, Miss E. Lamond; Representative "The Cana- 
dian !V
rse", Miss 
1. Gall; Press Representative, 
J. Phillips. 

Alumnae Associations 

A.A., Royal Alezandra Hospital Edmonton 
Hon. PresideIlt, Miss F. MUIlroe; PreøideIlt, Mrs. 
Scott HamiltoIl; Firet Vice-President, Miss V. Chap- 
man; Second Vice-PresideIlt, Mrll. C. Chillneck; 
Rerording Secretary, MiBB G. AIlYIl; CorreepoIlCliIlg 
Secretary, MiBB A. Oliver, Royal Alexandra Hoepital; 
Treasurer, Mi8ll E. English, Suite 2, 10014 112 Street. 
A.A.. Holy Cro88 Hospital. Calilary 
President, Mrs. L. de Satge; Vice-PresideIlt, MiBB 
A. WillisOIl; RecordiIlg 
ecretary, MiBB E. Thom; 
C'orrespoIldiIlg Secretary, MiBB P. N. Gilbert; Treasurer, 
MiA S. CraiJZ;; Honorary Members, Rev. Soeur St. Jean 
de l'Eucharistie, MiBB M. Brown. 
A.A., Lamont Public Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss F. E. Welsh; President. :\frs. 
B. I. Love; Vice-President, Miss O. Scheie; Secretary- 
Treasurer, Mrs. C. Craig, Namao; Corresponding 
Secretary. Miss F. E. Reid. 1009 20th Avellue. W., 
Calgary; Convenor. Social Committee: Mrs. R. Shears. 


A.A. St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver 
HOIl. President, Rev. Sister Superior; Hon. Vice- 
President, Sister Therese Amable; President, MiBB B. 
Geddes; Vice-President, Miss R. :\lcKernan; Secretary, 
Miss F. Treavor, Assistant Secretary, Miss V. Dyer; 
Treasurer, Miss B. Muir; Executive. Misses 1\1. Mc- 
DOllald. E. Berry, I. Clark, V. Pearse, S. Christie, 
R. McGillivary, K. 

A.A., Vancouver General Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss G. Fairley; President, Miss 
Mary McPhee; First Vice-President, Miss Lunan; 
Second Vice-President, Miss Erskine; Correspollding 
Secretary, Miss Melneczuk; Recording Secretary, 
Miss Collier; Treasurer, Miss Geary, 3176 West 2nd 
Ave.; Committee Conveners: ProJZ:Y'amme, Mrs. Gillies; 
Sewing, Mrs. Gordon; Sick Visiting, Miss Shaw; Mem- 
bership, Miss H. Campbell; Mutual Benefit, Miss 
Maitland; Refreshments, Mrs. BIankenbach; Represen- 
tatives: Local Press, Miss Cotsworth; V.G.Nu-\., Mrl!. 

A.A., Jubilee Hospital, Victoria 
Hon. President, MiBB L Mitchell; PresideIlt, MiBB Jean 
Moore; First Vice-PreøideIlt, Mre. Yorke; 
econrJ Vice- 
President, MiA J. GraIlt: Secretary, Mre. A. Do\\ell, 
30 Howe St.; Assistant Secretary, Mi88 J. Stewart; 
Treasurer, MiBB C. Todd: Entertainment Committee, 
MiBB I. Goward; Sick Nuree. MiBB E. Newman. 


A.A.., Children's Hospital, Wlnnlpe
Hon. President, Miss M. B. Allan; President, l\tise 
Catherine Day; First Vice-President, Mi88 Edith 
Jarrett; Secretary. MiB!! Elsip Fraser, Chiidrell's Hospi- 
tal. WinIlipeg; Treasurer, MiBB 1\1. Hughes, 15 Mnunt 
Royal Apts., Winnipeg; Sick Visiting Committee, Mis! 
M. Atkinson; Entertainment Committee. Mrs. Geo. 

A. A., St. Boniface Hospital, St. Boniface 
Hon. President, Rev. Sr. Kraul\e, 
t. BOlli face 
Nurses Home; President, Miss Clara Miller, 815 
Broadway, Wpg.; First Vice-President,l\tiBB H. Stephen, 
15 Ruth .\pts., Maryland St.. Wpg.; Second Vice- 
President, Miss M. Madill, F. -\shford Blk., Wpg.; 
Secretary. Miss Jeannie Archiblad, Shriners Hospital, 
Wpg.; Treasurer, Miss Etta !:'hirley, 14 King George 
Ct., Wpg.; Social Convener, Miss K. McCallum, 181 
Enfield Cr., Norwood; Sick \Ïsiting Convener, MiBB 
B. Greville, 211 Hill St.. Nor\\ood; Rep. to J ocal 
Council of Women, Miss 1\1. Rutlpy, 12 Eugenie Apts., 
Norv.ood; Representative to Press, Mrs. S. G. Kf'rr. 
753 Wolseley Ave., Wpg. 

A.A., Winnlpe
 General Hospital 
Hon. President, :\frs. A. W. Moody, 97 Ash bt.; 
President, Miss E. Parker, Ste. 25 Carlyle Apta., 580 
Broadway; First \'ice-President, :\Irs. C. V. Combes, 
530 Dominioll St.; Second Vice-President, Miss J. Mc- 
DOllald, Deer Lodge Hospital; Third Vice-President, 

IiBB E. YUBBack, 867 Malwus Ave.; Recording Secre- 
tary, MiBB J. Landy, Winnipeg General Hospital; 
Corresponding Secretary, Miss M. Graham, Winnipeg 
General Hospital; Treasurer, :\1iBB M. C. McDonald, 
Central Tuberculosis Clinic; Membership: Miss I. 
Ramsay. Celltral Tuberculosis Clinic; Sick Visiting, 
Miss J. 1\Ior
an, 102 Rose St.; Entertainment, Mrs. C. 
mlan, Hertford Blvd., Tuxedo; Editor of Journal, 
Miss R. Monk. 134 Westgate; BusiIlesS Manager, :\fiBB 
E. Timlick, Winnipeg General Hospital; Specuú Com. 
miUee, MiBB P. Bro\\nell, 215 ChestIlUt St. 


A.A., Saint John General Hospital 
Hon. Prp!!ident, :\Iiss E. J. :\Iitehell; President, :\1r!l. 
G. L. Dunlop; First \ïce-President, :\Iiss E. L. Hen- 
derson; Second \ïce-PrPBident, :\1rs. F. :\1. :\Ic Keh ey; 

ecret8ry, Mrs. J. E. Beyea. 121 {'ninn 
t., :-iaint John, 

.B.; Treasurer, Miss hate Holt; .\dditional members, 
:\Ir!!. J. H. Vaughan, :\1 nil. II. H. :\1 eLellan, Mrs. A. 
G. Clinch. 

A.A., L. P. Fisher :\1emorlalllospltal, Woodstock 
Hon. President, :\1 ills Elsie Tullneh; President, :\1 (8. 
Harry Dunbar; \ ice-President, :\liBB Gladys Jlay\\ard; 

e('retary-Trea!!-urer, Miss Pauline Palnlt'r; ß..Rrd of 
Directors: Miss G. Tams. :\Irs. B. 
utton, :\frs. Fulton, 
:\Iiss :\1. 
amphier, :\Ii!ls :-;. \ f'neflS; C()mmittl'
reners: Prollramme, :\Irs. P. Cald\\ell, :\Ii!ls E. Kerr, 
:\tiss E. Dunbar, l\1ifols B. Bellis; Sick Visiting. :\1i!l!l II: 
C'ummi n
s. l\t iss D. Peahody, :\11l1li-' :\1 f'rSf'reau; 
Editor. l\1 i!J8 1\1. 

A..A., Belleville Gen er.l I Hospital 
lion. Pn'l\ident, :\tiss Florf'nce :\Idndoo; Prf'sideIlt, 
Miss Retfl FitzJZ;erald: \ ic('--Prf'..idf'nt, :\Irs. J. Andrew.; 
Sccrptary, :\Iillll! L. 
mith; Tre'lfolurer. :\Iill" ;\1arion 

lacFarlane; Flo\\pr C'ommittee. Misø Betty :\lrF\'8n; 
Representativp to Th,. ('l1nndian Nur",.. :\liflf\ H. 



A..\., Brantford General Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss E. M. McKee; President, Miss 
K. Charnley; Vice-Preòident, Miss G. Turnbull; 
Secretary, Miss F. J. Batty, 52 Charlotte St., Brant- 
ford; Assistant-Secretary, Miss V. Buckwell; Treasurer, 
:\fiss L. R. Gillespie, General Hospital; Social Convener, 
Mrs. F. Doherty; Flower Committee, Mrs. Phillips, 
Miss W. Laird, Miss M. M. Nichol; Gift Committee, 

fills J. Edmondson, Mrs. E. Claridge; The Canadian 
Nurae and Press Representative, l\liss H. Diamond; 
Chairman, Private Duty Council, Miss P. Cole; 
Representative to Local Council of \'" omen. '-liss R. 

A. A., Brockvllle General Hospital 
HOIl. President, MISS A. L. Shannette; President, 
Mrs. H. B. White; First Vice-President, Miss M. 
Arnold; Secolld Vice-President, Miss J. NicholBoIl; 
Third Vice-President, Mrs. W. B. Reynolds; Secretary, 
Miss B. Beatrice Hamilton, Brockville General Hos- 
pital; Treasurer, Mrs. H. F. Vandusen. 65 Church St.; 
Representßtive to "The Calladian Nurse", l\fiss V 

A. A., Public General Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss P. Campbell; President, Miss 
D. Thomas; First Vice-PresideIlt, Miss B. Pardo; 
Second Vice-President, Miss H. Simpson; Recording 
Secretary, Miss K. Crackel. 12 Duluth St., Chatham; 
Correspollding Secretary, Miss R. Willmore; Treasurer, 
Miss E. Mummery, 35 Emma St.. Chatham; Repre- 
selltative "The Canadian Nurøe," Miss M. McDougall. 
A. A., St. Joseph's Hospital 
HOIl. PresideIlt, Mother Mary; Hon. Vice-President, 
Sister M. Consolata; President, Miss Mary Doyle, 
Vice-President. Miss Marian Kearns; Secretary- 
Treasurer, Miss Letty Pettypiece; Executives, Misses 
Hazel Gray, Jessie ltoss, Lena Chauvin, I. Salmon, 
Representative "The Canadian Nurse", Miss Ruth 
Willter; Representative District No.1. R.N.A.O. 
Miss Jeall Lundy. 

A.A., Cornwall General Hospital 
Hon. President, Mrs. J. Boldick; President, Miss 
Mary Fleming; First Vice-President. Mil's Kathleen 
Burke; Secc.nd Vice-President, Miss Bernice Mc- 
Killop; Secretary-Treasurer, Miss C. Droppo, Cornwall 
General Hospit!1l; Representative "The Canadian 
Nurse", Miss H. C. WilSOIl, Cornwall General Hospital. 

A.A., Galt Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss A. Cleaver; President, Miss 
S. Mitchell; Secretary, MiBB L. 
facNair, 91 Victoria 
Ave.; Assietant Secretary, Mifs T. Rainey; Treas'Jrer, 
MiBB A. MacDonald; Flower CO:Ivener, Miss Ruther- 
ford; Representat.ive to "The Canadian Nurse" and 
Press Representative, MiBB M. Vandyke. 
A.A., Guelph General Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss S. A. Campbell, Supt. Guelph 
Gelleral Hospital; President, Miss C. S. Zeigler; First 
Vice-President, Miss D. Lambert; Second Vice-Presi- 
deIlt, Mil's M. Darby; Secretary, Miss N. Kenney; 
Treasurer. Miss J. Watson; Committees: Flower, Miss 
R. Speers. Miss I. Wilson; Social, Mrs. M. C'ockwe!l 
(Convener); P.rogramme, Miss E. M. Eby (Convener); 
Representative "The Canadian Nurse", Miss Marion 

A.A., Hamilton General Hospital 
Hon. PresideIlt, Miss E. C. Rayside, HamiltOll 
General Hospital; President, Miss Helen Aitken, 
Vice-President, Mrs. Hess, 139 Wellington St.; Record- 
ing Secretary, Miss D. McRobbie, 9 Olltario Ave.; 
Correspondinlt Secretary, Miss E. Gayfpr; Treasurer, 
Miss Helen Buhler, 549 Main St.; Secretary-Treasurer 
Mutual Benefit Association, Miss D. Watson, 145 
Emerald St. S.; Lel!;al Adviser, Mr. F. F. Treleaven; 
EXlicutive Committee, Mil's M. Buchanan (Con- 
T.ner), Mra. M. Barlow, Misses J. Souter, Hannah, 
LiTÌIlg.tone, Helin; Programme Committee. l\tiss 
Dixon (Convener), 1\1isses Murray, MacIntosh, 
Galloway, BenIlett, Pegg; Flower and Visitinp: Com- 

mittee, Miss M. Sturrock (Convener), Misses Squires 
and Burnett; Representatives to Local Council of 
Women, Mise Burnett (Convener), Mrl'. Hess, Miss 
E. Buckþee, Miss C. Harley; Representative to R.N.- 
A.O., MIss G. Hall, Representatives to Registry Com- 
mittee, Missses A. Nugent (Convener), Burnett, I. 
MacIntosh, Florence Leadley, E. Davidson, Margaret 
Clark,. I. Buscombp, H. Aitken, Binkley, Pegg; Repre- 
sentative to \Vomen's Auxiliary, l\lrs. Stephen; 
Repr.esentatives to "The Canadian Nurse", Mil'sPS 
ScheiBe, E. Bell, R. Burnett. 
A.A., St. Joseph's Hospital, Hamilton 
Hon. President, Mother Martina; President, Mis8 
Eva Moran; Vice-President, Miss F. Nicholson 
Secretary, Miss Mabel Macintosh, 48 Locomotiv
Street; Treasurer, Miss M. Kelly, 43 Gladstone Avenue; 
Representative "The Canadiall Nurse", Miss B. Cronin, 
103 Au
usta Rtreet; Representative R.N.A.O., Miss 
J. !\Iorin. 

A.A., Hotel Dieu, Kingston 
HOIl. President, Rev. Sister Donovan- President 
Mrs. W. G. .Eldpr; Vice-President, Mrs: A. Hearn; 
ry, MIss Ohvp McDermott; Treasurer, Miss 
e Pelow; Executive, Mrs. L. Cochrane, 
Misses. K. Mrqarry, 1\1. Cadden, J. O'Keefe; Visiting 
CommIttee, Mlss
s N. Sppagle, L. Sullivan, L. La 
Rocque; Entertainment Committee, Mrs. R. W. 
Clarke. Misses N. Hickey, R. Watson. 

A.A., KinQ,ston General Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss Louise D. Acton' President 
Miss Ann Baillie; First Vice-President, t.liss Carri
Milton; Second Vire-Pre8ident, MisR Olivia M. Wilson 
ird Vice-Pre!"ident, Miss A. Walsh; 
MIl's Anna DavIs, 464 Frontenac St.; Treasurer, Mrs. 
C. W. Mallory, 203 Albert St.; Convener Flower 
Committee, . Mrs. E:idney Smith, 151 Alfred St.; Press 
1lss Mary 'Vheeler, KingRton Gen- 
eral Hospital; Pnvate Duty Rpction, Miss Constanre 
Sand"ith, 235 Alfred Street. 

A.A., Kitchener and Waterloo General Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss K, W. Scott; President, Mrs. 
Wm. Noll; First Vice-President, Mrs. W. Ziegler' 
ond Yic
-President, Miss Elsie Trouse; Secretary; 
8 \\ Inmfred Nelson, Apt. D. 58 Albert St. N.; 
A8!,lstant-Recretary, Miss Jean Sinclair; Treasurer, 
MIss M. Orr. 

A.A., Ross Memorial Hospital 
Hon. President, :\Iiss E. S. Reid; President, Miss L. 
J. HardinJl:; First Vice-President. :\1rs. O. Walling. 
d Vice-President, Mrs. 1\1. I. Thurston; Corres
pondIng Secretary, Mrs. J. R Morrison, 46 ColborDe 
St. 'V.; Treasurer, Mrs. G. R. Allen; Flou'er Convener 
Miss D. 1\1. Smith; Social Convener, Miss K. S. Morti

A.A., St. Joseph's Hospital 
Hon. President, Mother M. PaRcal; Hon. Vice-Presi- 
dpnt, Sister St. Elizabeth; Pre8ident, Miss Florence 
Connolly; First Vice-President, 1\Iiss Olive O'Neil' 
Second Vice-Prpsident, Miss Gertrude Dietrick' Re
ording Secretary, Miss Gladys Martin; Corrpspo
Fpe'retarv, Miss Irene Griffen; Treasurer, Mis8 Orpha 
Miller; Press Reprpsentative. Miss Madalene Baker' 
ReprPBentatives to Registry Board: Misses R. Rouatt: 
E. Armishaw, F. Connolly. 

A.A., Victoria Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss Hilda Stuart; Hon. Vice-Presi- 
dent, Mr
. A. E. Silverwood; President, Miss M. 1\1. 
Jones, 257 Ridout. St., S., London; First Vice-Presidpnt 
Miss C. Gillies; Second Vice-President, Miss M. l\1('
Lau/!,hlin; Treasurer, Mi!'s M. ThomaR, 490 Piccadi'ly 
St., London; Recri'tary, MiRs V. Ardiel; C'orrespondinl/: 
Secretary, Miss G. Hardy, 64!i Queen's Ave., Londrn'. 
Board of Directors, Missps Mortimer, Walker Yule' 
Malloch, McGugan, Mrs. H. Smith. ' 


 ara Falls General Hospital ..... 
Hon. President, Miss :\1. S. Park; President, Miss 
G. Thorpe; First 'ï ce-Presi dent , Miss H. Srhofield; 
Second Vice-President. Miss K. Prest; Secretary- 
Treasurer, Miss I. Hammond, 634 Ryerson Crescent, 
Niagara Falls; Correspondinl!; Secretary, Miss F. 
Loftus; Auditors, Mrs. M. Sharpe, Miss F. Loftus; 
Sick CommittE'e, Miss Y. Coutts, 
tiss A. Pirie and 
:\frs. J. Teal. 

A.A., Lord Dufferin Hospital 
Hon. President, Mrs. O. Fleming; President, Miss L' 
!\I. Sproule; First 'ïce-President, Miss V. Lee; Second 
Vice-President, :\Iiss I. Allen; CorrespondinJ! Secretqry, 
:\Iiss 1\1. Bridgeman; Recordinj1: Secretary, Miss E. M 
Hayward; Treasurer, :\'Iiss A. Burke. 

A.A., OrUUa Soldiers' Memorial Hospital 
Hon. President, 1\liss E. Johnston; President, Miss 
G. M. Wmt; First Vice-President. Miss L. Whitton; 
[':econd Yice-President, Miss 1\1. Harvie; Secretary- 
Treasurer, Miss Alice M. Smith, 112 Peter St. N. 
Regular !\Ieeting-First Thursday of each month. 

A.A., Oshawa General Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss E. MacWilliams; President, 
Miss Jessie McIntosh, 39 Simcoe St. N.; \"ice-President, 
Miss Jean Thompson; Secretary, Miss Jessie Mc- 
Kinnon, 134 Alice St.; Asst-Secretary, Miss Irene 
Goodman, 512 Simcoe St. N.; Corr-Secretary, Miss 
Jean [':te\\art. 134 Alice St.: Treasurer, Mrs. W. Luke, 
Madison Apts., Simcoe St. S. 

A.A. Lady Stanley Institute (Incorporated 1918) 
Hon. President, Miss M. A. Catton, Carleton Place; 
President, Miss J. Blyth, Civic Hospital; Vice-President 
Miss 1\1. McNiece, Perley Home; Secretary, Mrs. 
R. L. Morton, 29 Clegg St.; Treasurer, Miss M. C. 
Slinn, 204 Stanley Ave.; Board of Directors, Miss E. 
McColl, Miss S. McQuade, Miss L. Bedford, Mrs. 
E. C. Elmitt; Rppresentative "The Canadian Nurse", 
:\liss A. Ebbs, 80 Hamilton Ave.; Representative to 
Central Rep:istry, !\Iiss R. Pridmore, 90 Third Ave.; 
Prpss Representative, Miss E. Allen. 

A.A., Ottawa Civic Hospital 
Hon.-President, Miss Gprtrude Bennett; President, 
MiBB Edna Osborne: 1st Vice-President, Miss Dorothy 
Moxley; 2nd \ïre-President, Miss Lera Barry; Re<'ord. 
ing Secretary, Miss Martha McIntosh; Corresponding 
Serretary, Miss M. Do\\ney; Treasurer, Miss Winifred 
Gemmell; Councillors, Mis8 K. ClarkI', Mis8 Webb, 
Miss G. Froats, Miss B. Eddy, Miss E. Lyons; 
Represpntative8 to Central Registry, Miss Inda Kemp 
:\fiss K. Clarke, Press-Correspondent, fo.tisA Evelyn 
Pepper; Convener Flower Committee, Miss 1\1. 

A.A. Ottawa General Hospital 
Hon. President, Rev. Sr. Flavie Domitille; President, 
Miss K. Bayley; First \ïce-President, Miss G. Clark; 
Second Vice-President, Miss M. Munroe; Secretary- 
Treasurer, Miss D. Knox; Membership Secretary, Mis8 
1\1. Daley; Representatives to Local Council of Women, 
Mrs. J. A. Latimer. Mrs. E. Viau, Mrs. L. Dunne, 
Miss F. Nevins; Representatives to Central Rep:istry, 
Mis8 M. O'Hare, 1\1iss A. Stackpole; Representative 
to "The Canadian l,urse", Mis8 Kitty Ryan. 

A.A., St. Luke's Hospital 
HUll. Prpsident, Miss Maxwell; President, Mis8 
Doris Thompson; Vice-President, MÍ8B Diana Brown; 
Secretary, Mrs. J. Pritchard; Treasurer, Mis8 May 
Hewitt; Nominating Committee, fo.lissps Sadie Clark, 
:\fina MacT arpn, Hazpl T yttle. 


A.A. Owen Sound General and Marine Hospital 
Hon. Presi<!ent, .
Iiss B. Hall; President, Miss Cora 

; First \ ICe-President, Miss F. Rae; Second 
\ I
e-Presldent, Miss C. 1\1 ax \\ ell; Sec.-Treasurer. 
1\l1s8 Mary Paton; Asst.
Secretary-Treasurer, Mis8 J. 
Agnew; Flo\\er Committee Mi!!!! Alma "eedon 
Iarjorie. Ellis and Mr
. J. Burns; Proj1:ramm
Committee, MIss 
. Cruikshanks, Mis8 Cora Stewart; 
ess Rep
esentatlve, Miss M. Story; Lunch Com- 
mittee, 1\l1ss Leone McDonald, Miss R. Duncan 
Mrs. L. Burns; Auditor, Miss 1\1. Simpson. ' 

A.A., Nicholls Hospital 
Hon. President, Mrs. E. M. Leeson; President, Miss 1-1. 
A.nderson, 710 Georl/;e St.; First Vice-President, Mis8 L. 
Simpson; Second Vice-President, Miss M. Watson 
Secre.tary, Miss F. Vickers, 738 George St.; Corres: 
pondmg Secretary, MiBB E. McBrien; Treasurer, Mills 
L. Rail, 641 
Vater St.; Convener Social Committee: 
Mrs. Roy White; Convener of Flower Committee, Mrs. 
Ray Pogue. 

A.A., Sarnia General Hospital 
H?n. :.:'.residen
, Miss M. Lee; President, Miss L. 
st; \i Ice-President, l\IissA. Cation; Secretary, Miss 
A,. SIlverthorn; '!reasurer. Miss A. Wilson; The Cana. 
dlan Nunre, 1\hss C. :\Iedcroft; Flower Committep 
(Convener) Miss D. Shaw; Programme and Socisl 
Committee, Miss L. Segrist. 

A.A., Stratford General Hospital 
Hon. President, Mis8 A. M. Munn; President, Mis8 
F. Kudoba; Vice-President, Mrs. E. C. Moulton' 
Secretary-Treasurpr, Miss A. Rock, 97 John St., Strat
for4; Corresponding Secretary, Mis8 L. McNairn. 
Social Convener, Miss L. Atwood. 

A.A., Mack Traininal School 
resident, .Miss Anne Wright, General Hospi- 
t8;l; Pr

\Ident, . :\l1ss No.ra Nold, General Hospital; 
First \ Ice-Pre<lIdent, :\11"s 
larj1:aret !\lcClunie, 39 
Chaplin Ave.; Second 'ïce-President, !\Iiss Evelyn 
Horton, Louth St.; Secretary- Treasurpr, Miss J. Hastie, 
General Hospital; Social Committee, :\Ii!!!! Aileen Johr- 
ston, General Hospital, !\Iiss Donalda Veale, 35 Aca- 
demy St., Miss Bernice Rule, 146 Weiland Ave.; 
Representative to "The Canadian Nur3e", I\liss 
Featherstone, 17 Hainer St.; Corre3pondent, MiB8 
Current; Programme Committee, 
liEs Brubaker, 1 
Fitzgerald St. 

Iemorlal Hospital 
Hon. President. 
\liss Lucille Armstrong. Memorial 
Hospital; Hon. Vice-President, Mis8 Mary Buchanan, 
Memorial Hospital; President, MiAs Marllaret Benja- 
field. 39 Wellington St.; First Vice-President, Mis8 
Irene Garrow; Second Vice-President, Mis8 Bella 
Mitchner; RecC'rding 
ecretary, Mrs. John Rmale. 
34 Erie St.; Correspondinj1: Secretary, Mis8 Florence 
York. 52 Kains St.; Treasurer, Miss Irene Ble\\ett, 
88 Kains St.; "The Canadian Nurse" !\lis8 Irene 
Garrow, 23 l\Iyrtle St.; Executive, Misse8 Hazel 
Hastings. Lissa Crane, Mary Oke, Mrs. Allen Burrell 
Mrs. Elvin Wisson. 

A.A., Grace Hospital 
Hon. President, Mrs. C. J. Currie; President, Mrs. 
W. J. Cryderman' Recording Secretary, Mi. I. 
Gilbert; COITeøpon"-ing Secretary, Mis8 Lillian E. 
Wood, 20 Mason Blvd., Toronto 12; Treasurer. Mis8 
V. M. Elliott, 194 Cottingham St. 
A.A., The Grant MacDonald Trolinlng School 
for Nurses 
Hon. President, Miss Esther M. Cook, 130 Dunl1 
Avenue; Pret'ident. Miss Ida Weekes, 130 Dunn 
Avenue; Vice-President, l\lrs. 
larlOn Smith; Record- 
ing Secretary, Miss Norma McLeod; Corrpspondinj1: 
Secretary, Mis8 Ethel Watson; Treasurer. Mis8 Phyllis 
T awrencp; Social Convener, :\Iiss Kathlf'f"n ("uffp 



A.A., Hospital for Sick Children 
Ron.-President. Mrs. Goodson; Hon. Vice-Presidents. 
Miss Flurence J. Pottt, Miss Kathleen Panton; Presi- 
dent, Mrs. A. L. Langford; First Vice-Prp8irlent 
Miøs Florence Booth; Second Vice-President, Mr.. 
W. F. Raymond; Recording 
ecretary, Mrs. Clarence 
Cas8an; Corresponding Secretary, Miss L. Loraine 
Morrison, 54 Sheldrake Blvd.; Treasurer, Miss Marie 
Grafton 534 Palmerston Blvd.; Social Convener. 
Mrs. C
cil Tom; Flower Convener. Miss Alice Boxall; 
Programme Committee, Miss Jean Masten; Publicity 
Committee, Miss Margaret Collins; Welfare Com- 
mittee, Mrs Dall Smith; Representative to Registry, 
Mise Florence Currie. 
A.A., Riverdale Hospital 
President, Miss Alma Armstronll, Riverdale Hos- 
pital; First Vice-President, Miss Gertrude Gastrell 
Riverdale Hospital; Second Vice-President, Mrs. F. 
Lane, 221 Riverdale Ave.; Secretary, Miss Lexie 
Staples, 491 Broadview Ave.; Treasurer, Mrs. H. 
Dunbar; Board of Directors, Miss K. Mathieson, 
Riverdale Hospital, Miss S. Stretton. 7 Edllewood 
Ave., Miss E. Baxter. Riverdale Hospital, Mrs. E. 
Quirk, Riverdale Hospital. Miss L. Wilson, 11 Sher- 
wood Ave.; Press and Publications, Miss Laurel 
Wilson. II Sherwood Ave., Toronto. 

A.A., St. John's Hospital 
Hon. President, Sister Beatrice, St. John's Convent; 
President, MiBB Susan 1\h;r
an, 322 St. Georjl;e St.; 
First Vice-President, !\Iiss Nan Hetherinllton, Nurses' 
Residence, Toronto General Hospital; Second Yice- 
President, Mis8 Kathleen Burtchall, 28 Major Street; 
Rec. Secretary, Miss Helen Frost, 450 Maybank Ave.; 
Cor. Secretary, Miss Marllaret Creijl;hton. 152 Boon 
Ave.; Treasurer, Miss Winni
red Webb, 77 Summerhill 
Ave.; Conveners. Entertainment Committee, Miss 
Nettie Davis, 32 Albany Avenue; Sick and Visiting 
Committee, Miss Gladys Batten, 32 Albany Avenue; 
Prelli' Representative, Miss Grace Doherty, 26 Norwood 
A.A., St Joseph's lI()spital 
HOIl. President, Rev. Sister Mary Margaret; Presi- 
dent, Miss G. Davie; FirBt Vice-Preflident, Miss E. 
Morrison; Second Vice-President, Miss A. Tohin; 
Recording Secretary, MiEs M. O'M.alley; Correø- 
ponding Secretary, Miss J. Gallal!:her; Treasurer, 
Mis8 A. Harrigan; Councillors, Mrs. G. Beckett, 
Misses 1\1. Conway, R. Jean-:\larie and L. Boyle. 

A.A.. St. Michael's Hospital 
Hon. President, Rev. Sister Norine; Hon. Vice- 
President. Rev. Sister Jean; President, Miss Ethel 
Crocker; First Vice-President. Mrs. Aitkin; Second 
Vice-Prl'Bident. Mis8 Mary Edwards; Third Vice- 
President, Miss Helen Dunnijl;an; Corresponding Secre- 
tary, Miss M. Doherty; RecordinJ!: Secretary. Miss 
Marie Melody; Treasurer. Miss G. Coulter, 42 Isabella 
St., Apt. 204, Toronto: Prpss Representative, Miss May 
Greene; Counci1lc>re Misses J. O'Connor. M. Madden. 
H Kerr: Private Duty Misfl A Gaudet; Public Health, 
Miss I McGurk; Represpntat.ive Central Registry of 
Nurse8, Toronto. MiBB M Melody. 

A.A., Toronto General Hospital 
Hon. Vice-President, Miss Jean Gunn; President, 
Miss N. Fidler, Ontario Hospital, Whitby; First Vice- 
President. Miss J. Anderson; Second \ïce-PreBident, 
Mis8 E. Manning; Serretary, Mrs. A. W. Farmer. 89 
Breadalbane St.; Treasurer, !\li88 E. Robson, T.G.H. 
Residence; Asst. TreaBurpr, Miss Forl!:ie; Archivist, 
'-'Iiss Kniseley; Councillors, Miss J. Wilson, Miss Diy, 
:\fiS8 E. Cryderman; Committee Conveners; Flower, 
Miss M. McKay; Prollramme, Miss E. Stuart; Pre8S, 
Miss M. Stewart, Ki. 5155; Insurance, Mies M. Dix; 
Nominations, Miss C. SoudVlith; Social, Mies J. Mit- 
chell; Elizaheth Field Smith Memorial Fund. Miss 

A.A., Toronto Orthopedic and East General 
Hospital Tralnin
 School for Nurses 
Ron. President, Mis!! E. McLean, Toronto East 
General Hospital; Presidert, !\Irs. E. Philips. 155 Don- 
lands Ave., Vice-President, MiF.s J. McMastpr, 155 
Donlands Ave.; Secretary-Treaøurer. Mis8 N. V. 
Wilson, 50 Cowan Ave.; Representative to Central 
Registry. Miss M. Beston, 753 Glencairn Ave., MiBB 
B. MacIntosh, 748 Soudan Ave.; Representative to 
R.N.A.O., :Miss B. 
'[acIntosh, 748 Soudan Ave. 

A.A., Toronto Western Hospital 
Ron. President, Mis8 B. L. Ellis; Presirlent, Mis8 F. 
Matthews, Toronto Western Hospital; \ ice-Pre8ldent, 
Mis8 E. Bolton; Recording Secretary. MlS8 Maude 
ecretary-1reasurer. Mis8 Isabel Buckley, 
Toronto Wpstern Hospital; Representative to "The 
Canadian Nurse", M:s8 A Woodward; Representative 
to Local Counril of Women. Mrs. I. MacConnell; Hon. 
Councillors, MrB. Annie Yorke; Mrs. I. MacConnell; 
Councillors, Mi88es Annie Coonev. L. Steacv. G. San- 
ders. H. Milne, G. Paterson, Marie Kolb; Sõcial ("'om- 
mittt"p, Mi88esO.MacMurchv. M.Hamilton. G Folliott; 
Flower '-'ommittee, M, M. Ayerl'lt, H. Rtewart; 
Visiting Committee, Mi8Ses V. 
tevpnBOn, B. Hamilt.on' 
Layette Committep. Misoes J. Cooper. F Ballantyne: 
Meetinj.';s will be held the second Tuesday in each 
month at 8 pm. in the AS8emhly Room, Nurses' 
Residence. Toronto Western Hospital. 

A.A., Wellesley Hospital 
Hon. President. MiBB Ros8; President, Mis8 M 
M c("'linchey; Vicp-Pre!lident. Miss Jest'ie Gordon 
Corresponding Secretary, Mis8 Margaret Anderson; 
Treasurer. Mis8 I. Archibald, ß59 Huron St.; Corres 
pondent to The Canadian Nurse, l\Iis8 I. Onslow. 

A.A., Women's Collelle Hospital 
Hon. President, Mrs. H. M. Bowman; Hon. Vice-Presi- 
dent. Mis8 Harriett Meiklejohn; President. Mr.. 
Scullion: Serretary. Mifls Grace Clarke, 42 Delaware 
Ave.; Treuurer, Mis8 Fraser, Women's College Hos- 

A.A., Hospital Instructors and Administrators. 
University uf Toronto 
Hon. President, Miss E. K. RUBBell; Hon. Vice- 
President. Mis8 G. Hiscocks; President. Miss Gladwyn 
Jones; First Vice-President, Miss M. McCamus; 

econd Vice-President. Miss E. Younll; 
:\li8S C. M. Cardwell. Toronto General Hospital; 
Treasurer, Miss M. McKay, Toronto General Hospital. 

A.A., Department of Puhli(' Health Nursina, 
University of Turonto 
Hon. President. Mills F.. K. Russell; President, Miss 
Barhara Blackstock; Vice-Pre!lÏdent. Mi88 E. C. ("',.Ie; 
Rt'cnrding Serretary; M iM L Park; Secretary- Trea....urer, 
Mis8 C. C. Fr88er, 423 G!adetone Ave.. Toronto. Ont.; 
Conveners. Social. Miss E MacLauren; Pr')luamme, 
Mi8!! McNamara; Membership, Miss Edna Clarke. 

A.A., Connaught Trainln
 School for Nurses, 
Toronto Hospital, Weston 
Hon. President, !\Iis8 E. MacP. Dickson, Toronto 
Hospital; Vice-President, !\fiss Ann Bolwell, Toronto 
Hospital, Weston; Secretary. Miss G. Leeming, Toronto 
Hospital, \Veston; Treasurer, :'o1Ïss R. McKay, Toronto 
Hospital, 'Veston; Convener of Social Committee, 
:'otiss M. Jones, Toronto Hospital, Weston. 

A.A.. Hotel Dieu, Windsor 
President, Miss Mary Perrin; First Vice-President. 
Mis8 Marie Odette; Second Vice-President, MiSB 10e 
Londeau; Secrptary, Miss M. Spence; Treasurer, !\'is8 
Mary Fener; Programme Committee, Mifses H. 
Mahoney, A. Harvey. H. Slattery; Sick Committee, 
Misses R. Farrell. H. Greenway, M. McGlrry; Social 
Committee, MissesJ. Londeau, N. Wehster. I. Reaume; 
Correspondpnt to The Canadian Nurse. Miss Mary 
an. :'o'[eeting second Monday every month 8 p.m 

A.A., General Hospital 
First Hon. President, Miss Frances Sharpe; ðecol1d 
Hon. President, Mies Helen Potts; President, Miss 
Mabel COBtello; Vice-President, Miss Anna Cook; 
Recording Secretary, Mis8 Lila Jackson; Corresponding 
Spcretary and Press Representative, Miss Doris Crail!:, 
510 George Rt.; ASBistant Secretary. Mise Jean Kelly; 
Treasurer. Miss Maude Slallht; Conveners of Com- 
mittees: Programme: Mis8 EI!a Eby; Flower: Miss E. 
Watson; Social: Mrs. :\'lcDiarmid, Mrs. P. Johnson 
MiBB Hutings. 


A.A., Lachine General Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss M. L. Brown; President, Mrs. 
Rf1f!P Wilson: \Ïcp-President. Miss M. MC'Nutt; 
Secretary-Treasurer, '\1i!'p " Rov 37P Rt ("'lIt}-.øripe 
St., Lachine; Executive Committee, Miss Lapierre, 
:\1iBB Byrns. Meeting, first Monday each month. 

A.A., Children's Memorial Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss A. Kinder; President, Miøø 
M. Flanders: Vice-President, Miss G. Goul!;h; Secret 
ary, Miss G. Murray; Tre88urer, Miss H. Easter- 
brook; Rep. Canadian Nurse, Miss J. Argue; Rick 
Nurse's Committee, Miss J. Cochrane, Miss E. Mac- 
Intosh; Social Committee. Miss F. Atkinson, Miss 
M. Wilson, Miss B. Wright, Miss L. Destromp; 
Executive Committee, Mrs. Moore, Miss V. Schneider. 

A.A.. Homeopathic Hospital 
Hon. President, Mrs. H. Pollock; President, Mrs. J. 
Wørren; First Vice-President, Miss M Bright; Second 
Vice-President, Miss A. Porteous; SeC'retary. Miss W. 
Murphy; Assistant Secretary, Miss M. Berry; Treas- 
urer, Miss D. W. Miller; Assistant Tre88urer, Miss 
N. G. Horner; Private Duty Section, Miss M. Bright; 
The Canadian Nurse Representative, Miss J. 
Whitmore: Programme Committee, Miss M. Currie; 
Representative Montreal Graduate Nurses Association, 
Miss A. Porteous. 

L 'Association des Gardes-Malades Graduees de 
I'Hopital Notre-Dame 
Executif: Mesdemoiselles Alice Lepine, Presidente; 
.\lice Gelinas, Vice-presidente; Aline Leduc. 2ieme 
Vice-presidente; Suzanne Giroux, Tresoriere; Margue- 
rite Pauze, Secretaire; Connseilleres: Mesdemoiselles 
Germaine Brisset, Irene Rouillard, Eugenie Tremblay, 
Francoise Chevrier, Juliette Beaulieu. 

A.A., Montreal General Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss F. E. Strumm; Hon. Vice- 
President, Miss M. K. Holt; President, Miss E. 
Frances Upton; First Vice-President, Miss M. Mathew- 
son; Second Vice-President, Miss J. Morell; Recording 
Secretary, Miss H. Tracey; Corresponding Secretary, 
Mrs. E. C. Menzies; Treasurer (Alumnae Association 
and Mutual Benefit Association), Miss Isabel Davies; 
Hon.-Tre88urer, Miss H. M, Dunlop; Executive 
Committee, Miss A. Whitney, Miss M. M. Johnston, 
Miss H. He\\ton, Mrs. L. Fisher, Mrs. S. Ramsey; 
Representatives to Private Duty Section, Miss L. 
Urquhart (Convener), Miss E. Elliott, Miss E. Mar- 
sh'\ll; Representatives to Canadian Nurse Magazine, 
Miss M. E. Hunter, Miss M. Campbell; Representatives 
to Local Council of Women, Miss G. Colley, Miss 
M. Ross; Sick Visiting Committee, Miss F. E. Strumm, 
M ss B. Herman; Prol/;ramme Committee, Miss Isabel 
Davies, Miss Martha Batson; Refreshment Com- 
mittee. Miss J. Parker (Convener), Miss M. Wallace, 
Miss E. Church, MiB8 E. A. Rogers. 

A.A., Royal Victoria Hospital 
lion. Presidents, Miss E. A. Draper, Miss M. F. 
Hersey; President, :\Irs. F. A. C. Scriml/;er; First \'icp- 
President, Miss G. God\\in; Second Vice-President, 
:\liss E. Allder; Recording 
ecretary, :\Iiss E. B. ROl!:crs; 
Secretary-Treasurer, Miss K. Jamer; Executive Com- 
mittep, :\Iiss :\1. F. Her:\ey, Mrs. E. Roberts, Mrs. G. 
C. ì\1elhado, :\fisses M. Etter, E. Reid, A. Bulman; 
('onvenerlJ of Commi!tees: Finance, :\fiss B. Campbell; 


Sick ViI!iting, Mrs. G. R. MacKay; Pro(Jramme, Mrs. 
A. H. Hawthorne; RefreshmentlJ, .Miss E. Hennigar; 

rÚ;ate Duty Section,. Miss R. Cochrane; Representa- 
tIve to Local Councils of Women, Mrs. V. Linnell, 
:\Iiss J. Stevenson: Representative to The Ca1wdian 
NurlJe, :\Iiss G. Martin. 

A.A.. Western Hospital 
Hon. President, Miøø Craig; President, Mill8 Birch; 
First Vice-President, Miss M. N88h; Second Vice- 
President, Miss O. V. Lilly; Hon. Tre88urer, Miss J. 
Craig; Treasurer, Miss L. Sutton; Rec. Secretary. Miss 
B. Dyer; Conveners of Committees, Finance, Miss E. 
MacWhirter; Programme, Miss V. CroBB; Sick VisitiIlg, 
M!ss Dyer;. 
epresent!'tives to Private Duty Section, 
MIss H. Williams, MIss M, Tyrrell; Representative 
"The Canadian Nurse", Miss Edna Payne. 

A.A., Women's Gen. Hasp.. Westmount 
Hon. Pre3ide:.ts, 'Miss E. 1 rench, Miss F. Geor!le; 
President, Mrs. L. :\1. Crewe; First \ïce-President, 
Mrs. A. Chisholm; Second Vice-President, Miss Martin; 
Recording Secretary, Miss C. Morrow; Correspondinlt 
Secretary. Miss E. Moore; Treasurer, :\Iiss E. L. 
Francis, 1210 Sussex Ave., :\Iontreal; Sick VilJiting, 
Miss G. Wilson. Miss L. Jensen; Prirate Duty, l\trl!. 
T. Robertson, :\liss L. fo;miley; Representative to "The 
Canadian Nurse". :\Iiss N. Brown; Social Committee, 
Mrs. E. Drake. Regular monthly meeting every third 
Wednesday, 8 p.m. 

A.A.. School for Graduate Nurses. McGDI 
U ni versi ty 
Hon. President, Miss Mary Samuel; Hon. Vice- 
President, Miss Bertha Harmer; Hon. Members, Mills 
M. F. Hersey, Miss Grace M. Fairley, Dr. Helen 
R. Y. Reid, Dr. Maude Abbott, Mrs. R. W. Reford, 
Miss M. L. Moag; President, 1\1i1lll Madeline Taylor, 
Victorian Ord
r of Nurses, 1246 Bishop St.; Vice- 
President, Miss Marion E. Nash, Victorian Order of 
Nurses, 1246 Bishop St.; Secretary-Treasurer, Miss 
M. E. Orr, The Shriners' Hospital, Cedar Ave., Mont- 
real; Chairman, Flora Madeline Shaw, Memorial Fund, 
Miss E. Frances Upton, 1396 St. Chaterine St. W.; 
Programme Convener, Miss F. McQuade, Women's 
General Hospital, Montreal; Representatives to Local 
Council of Women, Miss Liggett. Miss Parry; Represen- 
tatives to "The Canadian NurBe" , Administration, 
Miss B. Herman, \Vestern Division. Montreal General 
Hospital; Teachinl/;, Miss E. B. Rogers, Royal Victoria 
Hospital; Public Health. Miss E. Church, Victorian 
Order of Nurses, 1246 Bishop St. 

A.A.. Jeffrey Hale's Hospital 
Hon. President, Mrs. Barrow; President, 
ti1l8 D. 
Jackson; First Vice-President, Miss E. Fitzpatrick' 
Second Vice-President, !\Irs. C. Younl/;; Recording 
SeC'retary. Miss E. McCallum; Correspondinl/: Rec're- 
tary, Miss 1\1. Fischer; Treal\urer. Mi8l! E. McHari!; 
Representative to Thr Canadian NurRe, Miss N. Mllr- 
tin; Private Duty f;ection, Mills O. Martin; Sick 
Visiting Committee, Mrs. Barrow and Mrs. Butt;more; 
Refreshment Committee, Mrs. MellinI/;, Miss Wp9ry, 
Miss Hansen. MiM McClintoch; CounC'ilIors, Mil's 
Imrie, Mrs. Craig, Mr!!. J3ckson. Miss Mackay, !\Iiss 
B. Adams. 

A.A.. Sherbrooke Hospital 
Hon. Presidents. l\liss E. Frances Upton, 1\llss Helen 
R. Buck; President, 1\frs. N. R Iothrop; First \ïce- 
President, :\Irl'l. W. Davey; 
econd \ïce-President. 
Mil's V. Beane; Secretary, Mil!s E. :\Ioril!ette; Treasurer, 
:\Iil'ls Alice Lyster, Sherbrooke Hospital; UerreEentative 
to "The Canadian NllrR"", :\Ii",. .T. \\'ardle\\orth. 




c. T. NO. 211 "



C. T. No. 217 
Acetophen...... .3M ir. 
Phenacetin. .. ,2Mi!'. 
CafleineCitrate.. }Sir. 
Do.e: One or two 


&eo. Montrea' 

Manitoba Nurses' Central Directory 

Registrar-ANNIE C. STARR; Reg. N. 
Phone 30 620 
753 Wolseley Avenue, Winnipeg, Man. 

The Central Registry of 
Graduate Nurses, Toronto 

Furnish Nurses at any hour 
Telephone Kingsdale 2136 
Physicians' and Surgeons' Bldg., 
86 Bloor Stl eet, West, 


Nurses Called Day nr Night 

Telephone PLateau 7841 
Registrar I 
1230 Bishop St., MONTREAL, P.Q. 
Club House Phone PL. 3900. 

I The Central Registry Graduate Nurses 
Phone Garfield 0382 
91 Balsam Ave., Hamilton, Ont. 


How dear to our hearts is the steady 
Who pays in advance of the birth of each year, 
Who lays down the money and does it quite 
gladly I 
And casts round the office a halo of cheer. 
She never says, "Stop it; I cannot afford it, 
. 1'm getting more magazines now than I read;" 
But always says, "Send it; our people all 
like it- 

In fact we all think it a help and a need!" 
How welcome her cheque when it reaches our 
How it makes our pulse throb; how it makes 
our heart dance! 
We outwardly thank her; we inwardly bless 
The steady subscriber who pays in advance. 

01. XXX 
:BRUARY 1934 
o. 2 


Iwned end Published 
, the 







Chronic cholecystitis, chronic prostatitis, chronic colitis are 
a few of the rather common conditions which give rise to a state of 
chronic sepsis. 
Fellows' Syrup in these conditions supplies the required mineral 
elements The dose suggested is one teaspoonful four times daily, 
in water. 




286 St. .'Hi1' Strt'pt, n"('<;t, :\[ontl't'al, Canada. 





"ry" ,.- Qf,ft:

 !i.... , jI 
ti l l l ' I 'i ( 1) I' 

'\:' \,'" ....:.

,Ii Ii Ili/I,'II
. r __' '-() 

" I ..... 
 ' / II 
" A- non',.
rcotk ag
nt / I I 
i! lit _ prescribed bY phýsicians throuRhout 
/I ' the w
ld in the treatment of 


' Amenorrhea, 
.: Dysmenorrhea, Etc. 

Ú'gOapiol (Smith) is supplied only in 
( .packages contaÍD'"1g twenty capsules. 

 "\ .' As a safeguard 1Ig8Íl1lt l
tI9n.' th& letters 

 r. "M. H. S." are emboaed m 
 , the inner surface ("If e.ach . M [;4$ 

 ! capsule. thulJ 
(J) Dose: One_ or tWo caþmles 
' l W \
 thru o:::::
:: a da,. . 
 ì \

L-.//'"' ReqUftt. 
-:> \\" 
ý .'J 

t.l (I ........"."......__...\,
, . 6;;s 

11\ \ I/IIJH1Ì/I/lJ / \\\\\\\\\\\'


Experienced Nurses Know 
7rom 'Ç.__.J' 



They know thi! safe and gentle a
rient is ideal 
for infant! and children. to rdieve constit>ation, 
colic and feveri!!hness and keep the little eystem 
reaular. Steedman s Powders can be used with 
perfect confidence. Our "Hints to Mothers" 
booklet deals !!ensibly with baby's little ail- 
ments - for copies and samples of Steedman's 
Powders write: JOHN STEEDMAN & CO., 
514 St. Lawrence Blvd. MONTREAL 


Kid I 
White' ,) ..49 
I WHiff 1\.10 CLfANfR 

Pi.... mention liThe Caned'." Nu...." wtt.1 replJ'lng to Advwtl.... 


It's a 
for Baby 


:::;';:;:':::::':::" .....:. '''. 

<Fiï ..;Þ, 

.+ iitÞ 

: " . . : . . ( :. > . : : / : : . . . 
 : : . l : . . ! : . . : . , . 
 . i . : . i _ 
 : . ' . ; ; . :. \ . i : 1 : ' . ' . 
 . : : 

 .:' k. ,.. J

;tb:; .:'::::\ .. 

Talcum seems such a small matter, hut to baby it's really 
important which kind you use. For if she would keep her 
sunny disposition she must be comfy. Take any powder 
and test it between the thumb and finger then you'll 
understand why some irritate, while Johnsoh's soothes. 
Johnson's Bahy Powder is made from the most expensive 

mported talc, ground to a silky smoothness. . , no sharp 
particles. . . no orris root. Baby will thank you for us;ng 
it with a contented, happy smile. 

i I 

ßabAJ (þ01tJ'd.e

Jt gor1n
of1'1 \t.}! Pr<.--.dud 





21'5 '5 Pie I X ßh d.. Montrt:al 

Plea!le send me, free, a tin of Johmon's ßab
I "ant to see if it is all you claim for it 



. 1Q=







70 Bond Street, 



1934 is Toronto's Centennial year. Many of you will be visiting or have 
Friends visiting you in the City. 



Clinicdl Educdtion in 
Nursing. . . . . . . . . . . .. $2.-40 
A Generdl History of 
Nursing. . . . $3.30 
The Medicdl SecretMY. $1.80 


A Textbook of Bdcterio- 

Yt 7Ømc(Ol... at DictionMY for Nurses 
.ft ](07"-11 S ?-lOLl Sf;> 


All prices subject to 20( (. discount. 

, 1111 1 1 1 1 
. I I: 
; I ... I 
Ii" au 11 
This hotel meets the require- 
ments of professional women 
at a modera te cost. Near 
nursing centres and theatre 
and shopping districts. 
Sillgle RoomJ from $10.00 wukly or $2.00 daily. 
DIJ/(hle Rf)cmr from $15.00 wrtkly or $4.00 daily. 

Neu' York 
Irolll this 

Corner E
sr 49th St. and First Avenue 

N r \\ Y 0 R K C I T Y 

The Central Registry of 
Graduate Nurses, Toronto 

Furnish Nurses at any hour 
Telephone Kingsdale 2136 
Physicians' and Surgeons' Bldg., 
86 Bloor StI eet, West, 


Nurses Called Day or Night 

Telephone PLateau 7841 
1230 Bi
hul1 St., MONT.H.EAL, P.Q. 
Club House Phone PL. 3900. 




Registered at Onawa, Canada, as second class maneI'. 

Editor and Business .&Iallager: 
ETHEL JOHNS, Reg. N., Suite 401, 1411 Crescent Street, Montreal, P.Q. 





Ethel M. HiIl\"ard 



K. A. Baird. IvLD. 



, G. M. Fairley 



Marion Lindeburgh 









- Ren
rende Sueur Pierre 



A. 1\-fartineau 



Katl1leen 1. Sdnderson 



1 !vfanmng 



Patnna C(JlIl1I






Nnvs NOTl:.s 


UR<;I",,(; SISTlRS A






Subsc,iþt;oll Price: $2.00 per )edr; forei
n .lIuJ Uniled Sidtes of Ameri',I. 
2.50: .!(I .enls a "01'). 
Combination, with Th.' Am,'r;,'oll J"..rllol "f Nurs;IIg. 
").2,,). Cheql1u and mone) order
 should be 
made pa}able to The C'ollodioll N..r.... 
.hen remitting b) .heque l"i cpnts should be ...Jded to 
<"<'vel' e....change. 
Plea"... .Iddr.."" all ,'orresponden. 0' 10: 
I'ditor, /.".. COllodio.. N.lYsc. 1411 Cre..cenl Street, 1\I,.ntr.',II, ".(). 








\ïsit booth number One I't the Biennial \leeting at Toronto. Our exhibit of modern te,thook::" \\ill bp UI1 vien. 
Zabriskie's--HANDBOOK OF OBSTETRICS -Ith Edition 
This te,t \\ill help the nurAP to understand the psyC'hologiC'al as peets of childbearIllg as \\ell as to develop 
the neces"ary tedllli"al skills. Generously illu"trateù. 
Oc.tavo. 5:
7 page". :!69 iIlu"tration", many in colours. (')oth i
.,')O. H
 J ouiA" Zabri"kie, H. 
., Field 
Din".tor, :\latcrnity Centre .-\::""oeiation, 
e\\ York City. 
Eliasol1's-SURGICAL NL'RSING -Ith EditiOIl 
 hw)h has three authors: .-\ !wnior surgeon, a junior :-urgeoll, and a trained nur"e. -\ thoroughly 
"raetil'a) w(lrk h)- people iH'I'u"tomed to do what they teal'll. :\lost of the illu"trations ha\'e been "peci:Jlly 
v""ed. . 
Or.tavo. .')
-t pages. :!fH illustrations. (')oth $3.50. By E. I.. Ellasoll. .:\1.D., {'ni\ (.rsity of Penllsylvania; 
J.. IÙaeer FergUAon, :\I.D.. J.eeturer in :'urgery, Training :-:I'hool for 
urses, Cniversity of Penn.,ylvania 
Hospital: a'ld Elizabeth Keller Lewis, H.
., Former Illstruetre"5 of Xur"es, {-ni\'ersity of Ppnnsyh-anifl 
DISEASES 3,"(1 Editioll 
:\lis" Pill"bury's wide 'experiencc, and s\>ee;all) pOAed photographA showing nursing prcJf'edure" are the 
founrlatiolls on \\ hieh this book is built. .-\ book hy a nurse for nurses. 
Octavo. 4f':
 pages. 116 iIlustration:-. Cloth $:1.50. By :\lary Elizabeth Pilisbury, :'olJletime Instruetress 
fo CommuniC'able Dise'lse 
\lrsinlZ, Yale rniver"it)- :-:C'hor,l of Xursinll, Direetor of the Je\\i!'h Hm'pit:-:I 

c.hoo) of 
ursinv, Rrookl:l<n. 


Children's Memorial Hospital 


A three months course is offered to Graduate 
Nurses which includes systematized theoretical 
instruction and supervised clinical experience 
in the following services: 

General Hygienic Management 
and Nursing of Children, 
Nursing Care and Feeding of 
Nursing Care of Orthopaedic 
Medical Asepsis and Cubicle 

A certificate will be granted upon the suc- 
cessful completion of the course. 
Full mainlenance and an allowdnce of $10.00 
per month will be provided. 
For further particulars apply to: 

I School for Graduate Nurses 


Director: BERTHA HARMER, R.N., M.A. 


Teaching in Schools of Nursing 
Supervision in Schools of 
Administration in Schools of 
Public Health Nursing 
Supervision in Public Health 

-\ certificate is granted upon succebsf ul comple- 
tion of an approved programme of studies. 
covering a period of one academic year, in any 
of the above courses. 
A diploma is granted upon successful comple- 
tion of a major course, covering a period of 
tlEO academic years. 
Fur information apply to: 

\fcGi11 Unhersity, :\fontrl'a1 

VOL. XXX, No. 2 


Canad ian 


A Monthly Journal for the Nurses of Canada 
Published by th
 Canadian Nurses Association 



Vol. XXX 


Every nurse 111 Canada must have felt 
,l warm glow of pride as she read, on 
New Year's Day, the magnificent roster 
of the honours conferred hy His Majesty 
the King. Name after name was that of 
,l nurse, some occupying important posts 
,IS heads of public hed.lth or hospital 
nursing services, some working in isolned 
hospitals at the edge of the last frontier, 
others engaged in \',Irious brelllches of 
community service yet alike in that 
they share with the rest of us the respon- 
sihilities, the tribulations and the rewards 
of h;lving chosen nursing as the
r VOCd. 
tion. Their nd.mes will add lustre to an 
illustrious company, the Order of the 
British Empire. 
Three nurses received the high honour 
of heing appointed Commanders of the 
Order of the British Empire. They are 
Miss Edith Rayside, C.B.E., R.R.C.; 
Miss Eli4abeth Smelhe, C.B.E., R.R.C., 
and Miss Laurd. Holland, C.B.E., R.R.C. 
One nurse, Miss Ruby M. Simpson, of 
Regina, Saskatchewan, has been appoint- 
ed d.n officer of the Civil Division of the 
Order of the British Empire. Six nur

h,lve been IlMde members of the Order 
()f the British Em pire. They an.
: Mrs. 
Robert Dd.rrach (formerly Sara Persis 
Johnson) of Brandon, Manitoba: Miss 
Nancy Dunn, of Sunset Prairie. Peace 
River Block, British Columhia; Miss New 
Estahrook of Saint John, New Bruns- 
wick: Miss Eli4abeth Pearston of Grewde 
Prairie, Alherta; Mrs. Ross of Rile, 
Brook, New Brunswick and Mi:-s Berthrt 
Smith of London, Ontario. The Journal 
"hines in el reflecteJ !.!Iof\'",c It:' tir

editor, Dr. Helen MacMurchy, who, 
thùugh a physician, m;ìy he claimed as a 
nurse hy d.doption, has b
en made a Com- 
mander of the Order of the British Em- 
r t will he a source of regret to Mi:,S 
R,lyside's associlltes and personal friends 
thd.t the signal honour paid her synchro- 
nizes with her retirement from the active 
prd.ctice of her profession. Miss Rayside 
is a graduate in Arts of Queen's Univer- 
sity and is the first woman to he appoint- 
ed to the Board of Trustees of that insti- 
tution. Her other academiC distinctions 
include the honorary degree of Mistress 
of Household Science conferred upon her 
hy the University of Toronto. She is a 
grd.duate of the School of Nursing of St. 
Luke's Hospital, Ottawd., and during the 
Wd.r she rendered outstanding service and 
held the rank of matron in the C.A.M.C' 
in Frd.nce. In recognition of her fine 
record. she was a warded the Royal Red 
Cross. Upon her return to Canadd. she 
wetS elttached to the st;ì ff of the Sch(x)l 
of Nursing of the Montreal Gena..1 Hos 
pitetl and, in 1923, wetS appointed super 
intendent of nurses at the Hllmilton City 
Hospital. The tributes recently paid her, 
upon the occasion of her retirement, re 
flect the etdmiration, respect llnd affection 
of eill with whom she has heen associated 
throughout her professional career. 
Miss Elizabeth Smellic, C.B.E.. R.R.C.. 
IS .1 graduate of the School of Nursing of 
Johns Hopkins HI )spitld ltnd, after ren 
dcrine; conspicuous service in the capacity 
of matron in the C.A.M.C. Juring th\.. 
\\'.Ir. hc......trllC Chief Superintendent ot 




t .. 


the Victorian Order of Nurses for 
Canada. Miss Smellie is an overseas 
member of the Cowdray Club and is 
the chairman of the nursing section 
of the Canadian Public Health Associa- 
tion. She is also a member of the National 
Association for Public Health Nursing, a 
Fellow of the American Public Health 
Association and was recently appointed 
consultant in public health nursing to the 
Provincial Department of Health of On- 
tario. Miss Smellie is known in all parts 
of Canada not only as an able adminis- 
trdtor but also 
s a public speaker of 
charm and distinction. The latest honour 
to be conferred upon her will be a pro- 
found source of satisfaction to the mem- 
hers of the Victorian Order of Nurses 
who, in a double sense, will now look 
with pride and affection upon their be- 
loved commander. 
Miss Laura Holland is a graduate of 
the School of Nursing of the Montreal 
C;eneral Hospital and served overseas 
with the C.A.M.C. in Menelaus, Saloni- 
ca, England and France. In recognitio11 
of her miI;tary service she was awarded 

the Royal Red Cross. Upon her return 
from overseas she took a course in social 
service at the School of Social Science, 
Simmons College, Boston, and subse- 
L{uently became a member of the staff of 
the social service department in the Mont- 
real General Hospital. For three years 
she was director of nursing services for 
the Ontario Red Cross Society and later 
was appointed director of the division of 
social welfare in the municipal depart 
ment of puhlic hedlth in Toronto. In 1927 
Miss Holland accepted a position as 
manager of the Children's Aid Society 
of Vancouver, and in 1931 she became 
deputy superintendent of neglected chil- 
dren for the Province of British Columbia 
d.nd has rendered magnificent service to 
the community in this important field of 
soc;al service. 
In her capacity as director of nursing 
services in the division of puhlic health 
nursing of the department of public 
health in the government of the Province 
of Saskatchewan, Miss Ruby Simpson 
has displayed a fine quality of adminis, 
trative ahility. A letter to Miss Simpso:1 

. i 

Nfl"s EI IZ \Rr.TH SMELLIr. 

VOl. XXX, No. 2 




he Prime Minister of Canada referö 
to her appointment as an Officer of the 
Civil Division of the Order of the British 
Empire as a recognition of "fine social 
services in the Province of Saskatche, 
wan", thus indicating a recognition of 
the value of her contribution to COlil- 
munity welfare as well as to nursing. 
Miss Simpson is a graduate of the school 
of nursing of the Winnipeg General Hos- 
pit<tl and is first vice-president of the Can- 
ddian Nurses Association. For five years, 
dS president of the Saskatchewan Regis- 
tcred Nurses Association and now as its 
first vice-president, Miss Simpson has 
ùmsistently shown that she is capahle of 
lcadership of a very high order. 
Mrs. Robert Darrach (Sara Persis 
Johnson) graduated from the school of 
nursing of the Brandon General Hos- 
pitdl and, at the outbreak of the war, was 
,lssistant superintendent in that institu- 
tion. In recognition of her overse,lS ser- 
viæ she was a warded the Royal Rcd 
Cross. Upon her return from overseas. 
Mrs. Darrach took a postgraduate course 
in the Illinois Training SchooL and l.\tl'r 


accepted the superintendency ?f the 
Brandon General Hospital. Since her 
marriage, in 1923, to Mr. Robert Dar, 
rach, she has devoted herself whole- 
heartedly to many movements for the 
hetterment of her fellow-citizens. 
Miss Nan Estabrook is a graduate of 
the school of nursing of the Newton Hos- 
pital, Massachusetts, a postgraduate of 
the Women's Hospital in the State of 
N ew York, and has filled the position of 
superintendent in several American hos- 
pitals. She served as Nursing Sister for 
three years overseas, returned to Can add 
in 1919, and was appointed matron of 
the military hospital conducted in Old 
Government House in Fredericton from 
1919 to 1921, and latcr was social ser- 
vice worker for the Department of Sol- 
diers' Civil Re-cstablishment in New 
Brunswick. Her present duties carry her 
throughout the Maritime Provinces and 
her administrative ability, sympathy and 
tact have made her services most valuable 
to the new settlers. 
Miss Elizabeth Pcarston is a gr aduatl.
of the school of nursing of the \Vinnipcg 

\11" N"..
, r"'T \ HI{ 'J.- 



rdl Hospitdl dnd WdS for some time 
the instructor of nursing practice in that 
institution. She ;s now superintendent 
of the Municipal Hospital of Grande 
Pr,-tirie in the Peace River district of 
Northern Alberta. Miss Pedfston is of 
the 5tUtf of which pioneers are made and, 
in addition to a rich background of pro' 
fessional experience, has a sense of hu, 


mour and of human vdlues which enable 
her to cope with the unusual and fre' 
yucntly difficult situdtions which com- 
pIicdte hospital administration in a fron- 
tIer cummunity. 
Miss Bertha Smith rendered exceed 
ingly good nursing service in the C.A)v1. 
C. overseas. She is now engdged in child 
welfare work in London, Ontario, and 
has estahlished an excellent reputation a" 
dn able leader in a branch of communit'
work in which her ahilities. both personal 
and professional, can be effectively util 
i:ed to the fullest extent. 
Two of the new memhers of the Ordcr 

uf the British Empire are engaged in out- 
post work at points so difficult of access 
that direct communication with them, at 
the time of going to press, has not been 
possihle. One of them is Miss Nancy 
Dunn of Sunset Prairie, Peace River 
Block. British Columbia, and the other 
is Mrs. Ross, a public health nurse at 
Riley Brook, New Brunswick. The Jour- 
nal made el1l.luiries from Miss Kathleen 
Lawson of Saint John, a rdative of Mrs. 
Ross, who kindly gave the following in- 
formation concerning her: "I have heen 
to Riley Brook and can .1 pprcciatc Mrs. 
Ross' work. It is a large district, without 
a doctor, and away in the woods. Her 
work involves long drives in cold weather 
and deep snow but nothing daunts her." 
In suhsequent issues of the Jownal fur' 
ther details will be given concerning the 
professional accomplishments of these 
nurses whom the King delighteth to 
Upon Dr. Helen :MacMurchy, in her 
new capacity as a Commander of the 
British Empire, The Canadian ] 
considers that it has a special claim. She 
was the first editor of this Journal: she 
understands and sympathizes with the 
dspirations of the nursing profession and 
ls done much to help us to attain them. 
She has heen for so l11dny years a com 
manding figure in the field of maternal 
,1Ild child welfare that it is difficult to 
accept her recent retirement philosophi- 
cally. Her kindly humour and tolerance, 
r knowledge of and love for the com- 
mun people made the Federal Division of 
ChIld Welfare a 11dtional source of help 
and healing. Her freedom from official 
duties will give her an opportunity of 
using her unabated energies in other di 
rections, and the gratitude and affection 
of Canadian nurses will follow her into 
what will certainly he an active retire- 

VOL XXX, No. 7 


In the second article of this series, 
which appeared in the January issue of 
the Journal, some of the findings of the 
American Committee on the Costs of 
Medical Care were briefly summarized 
cll1d its statement concerning the essential 
IMture of the present economic malad- 
justment was yuoted as follows: Mean- 
while, in so far as the great mass of the 
ropulation is concerned, the need, as dis, 
tinct from the effective demand for nurs' 
;ng service, goes llnmet and will continue 
to do so until some system of dIstribution 
of nursing cost
 cun be del,:'sed which w:!l 
hridge the econom c gar between patient 
and nurse. 
It will, ett this point, be helpful to 
yuote from yet another study made, un' 
der the auspices of this Committee, by 
Ma.urice Leven, Ph.D., concerning the 
incomes of physic;ans. Dr. Leven did not 
undertake any cnyuiry into the economics 
of nursing, but in discussing the high cost 
of sickness, as it affects the ll1cljority of 
people, he uses this illustration: 
It is inev:tahle tlwt the cost of the per- 
sunal sert,_'ces enter;ng into med:cal care 
.dwuld be h:gh. But high costs do not 
necessarily meun dId the net returns ac- 
cruing to the rers-onel surPly:ng medIcal 
sCTvices are high. The special nurse, for 
instance, does not get rich when she fur' 
nishes nursing care at the rate of $6 or $7 
for a twelve,hour day. Yet an illness 
which requires sþecial nursing may mean 
the transfer to the nurse of more than the 
ratient's entire family income for the 
þerind during which the nurse is engaged. 
'The difficulty is not that the nurse's earn- 
ings are too high, but that the illness re' 
t/Hlres the attention and full time of a 
srecially trained adult individual. 
How large a proportion of the mem 
hers of the community fall within the 
group to which Dr. Leven refers? In thl.' 
United States the Committee found thclt 
bmilies with incomes of $2,000 or kss 

This is the third of a sericlI of rdiroriall! r1.-alinL: will. 
nur-in!:: conditions in 

l.rßRUARY. IQJ4 

constitute one-half of the popul.ltion and 
it is probable that approximately the 
setme general economic condition exists 
in Canada. We are, then, confronted 
with the fact that about half our popula- 
tion cannot possibly meet, for any length 
of time. the cost of employing a private 
duty nurse in the home, no matter how 
hadly her services may be needed. Dr. 
Leven plainly says that private duty 
nurses arc 
1Ot themselves to be held re- 
sponsible or to be censured for this state 
,)f ;\ffairs. Here is a profound economic 
maladjustment over which nurses as mdl- 
viduals have no control and on account 
of which they themselves suffer severely. 
It is of course true that visiting nursing 
organiZ<ltions suçh as the Order 
offl.'r a petrtial service to this section of 
the community. There remains however 
cl dcm,lnd for con
.nllOllS nursing care in 
the home such .LS is reyuired in acute ill- 
ness, twenty-four hours of the day and 
seven days et week, possihly over a long 
riod of time. \ísiting nurse orgetniu 
tions ('annot he e'(pected to render such 
service, nor is hospitali.:.ltion always in- 
di(,ltcd or possible. 
Even in the homes of the "white col 
lctr" class, to which nurses themselves be- 
long, the financial hurden of long illness 
c.lI1not he carried indefinitely. Once the 
point 1S reetched where, as Dr. Leven says, 
the fetmily income is absorbed by the cost 
of sickness, accumulated s,lvings are soon 
exhausted and the narrow m,1 rgin of 
economic security is wiped out. 11any 
nurses h.lve themselves had such e:-..peri- 
cnce in their own fetmilics and can there 
fore understand the cruel an:-..icty of the 
average family group, which through no 
fault of its own. find:, it:,df in such cir- 
Furthermore, It must be remembereJ 
that this st;\_te of aff.tirs exists in so c.llled 
norn1.l1 and prnSpL'rl1lb tll11es. It is not .l 
product of the Jl'pression, though it h.I'" 
heen hy it, .md .1 return t. 
()od time..... will not automatic,lll" pm 




vide a solution. SoLiety provides for ell'" 
mentary education, for the essential pre' 
ventive health services such as water sup' 
ply and sanitation, for protection ag.Ünst 
fire and against criminals. As yet how- 
ever, in Canada, the state does not adl11
responsibility for more them a measure 
of medical and nursing Cetre. Whether 
the state ever will do so is a highly con' 
troversial question, but even if state medi, 
cine came tomorrow there would stil1 be 
need for constructive thinking on the part 
of nurses. Its coming would mean thett 
our present system would undergo radical 
change for wh
ch \\'e are at present wce' 
fully unprepared. 
It must be etdmitted that nurses are an 
intensely conservative group. The dis' 
inary nature of their education and 
organÌ2:ation n.i.turally tends toward COll' 
servatism. The blood of the army and 
the church runs strongly in our veins, 
and perhaps it is well that it does, and 
that we are not blown ahout by every 
wind of doctrine. The trouble is, how, 
ever, that we sometimes mistake a rather 
stupid uniformity for wise conservatism 
,lIld find it difficult to do tl-
e sort ot 
original thinking that is rcyuired in nevI.' 
situettions. Nevertheless the economic 
pressure of the past few years has forced 
us to face facts which in more prosperous 
yeetrs we preferred to ignore and, in more 
()r kss scattered and spotty fashion, t hett 
thought has been carried out in terms of 
In some parts of Canada, for example, 
efforts have been made to increase em' 
ployment among private duty nurses by 
::.hortenÎng the day to eight hours and re' 

ducing the fee correspondingly. Private 
nurses have given a certetin number of 
days free of charge rclther than leave a 
patient who still had need of their ser- 
vices. In certain provinces, where econ' 
omic Jistress has been petrticularly acute, 
nurses hetve given their serv
ces for what' 
ever smetll sum the patient coulJ etfford to 
pay. Hourly nursing hets been trieJ out 
sporetdicalIy, without ,Iny conspicuous Je' 
grec of succes:" possibly because of faulty 
organization and Jirection. 
The trouhle is thett these meetsures are 
only petll;ative at hest anJ Jo not go to 
the mot of the trouhle. UntJ some com' 
prehensive co'operative scheme is thought 
out, which can be sound;y financed and 
which will enlist the support of the com' 
munity at large, no real hetterment can 
he expected. Such a task Cetnnot be ac' 
complisheJ by nurses alone, but the puh, 
lic has the right to expect that we will be 
prepared to take our full part in the sort 
of thinking which must precede th.!: for 
on of definite plans. Before \\e can 
hope to give the intelligent ICetJaship the 
puhlic expects of us we must know our 
own mind and he prepclreù to speetk it so 
deetrly thett there will be no Janger of 
our heing misunJerstood. We must our' 
selves be prepared to suggest 
 Wety out 
of our troubles and, elS et first step, \\:e 
must ask ourselves whether, either as in' 
dividuals or etS memhers of a profess!ol1,d 
group we mety not, in scme n
Cclsure, helve 
hrought thcm on ourselves. In the March 
number of the Journal, by way of .l 
he,llthy penan('e, we shall J
scuss some of 
our own shortcomings, as pointeù out to 
u;;; hy our critics, frienùly anJ otherwise. 

(To be continucd) 

VOL. XXX, No. "1 


ETHEl M. HILLYARD. Reg. N.. Instructor of Nursc'i. Childrf>n's Memorial Hospital. 

Usually chIldren suffering from in- 
guinal hernia are not operated upon until 
they dre about two years of age. Prior to 
this time they are not old enough to with- 
stand well the shock of a surgical opera- 
tion. During these two years the hernia 
is best controlled by means of a wool 
truss, a skein of ordinary whitL' yarn, 

from pulling off the dressmgs and so con- 
minating the wound. Finally, when 
nursing children, it is found that the bed- 
clothes or food are likely, somehow or 
other, to come in contact with the wound, 
espeLÎally if it is covered only with a 
light dressing, and so set up infection. 
Our method of restraint hds been suc- 




which is che"-11 ,lI1d e,lsily wdshed. Some- 
times, if the truss is efficiently and con- 
sistently applied, the hernia will disdp- 
Children at the dge of two yedrs have 
IH}t yet learned control over the urine 
,1I1d feces, and s
nce the incision is so 
neclr the genital organs, It is very likely 
to hecome soaked with urine or contam- 
inated with feces unless some special 
method of restraint is devised. Then ag,LÏn, 
one must gu,lrd against the hreaking 
open of the inLÎsion even hy the orJinary 
InllVCments ot the child's leg., dnd the 
lower limbs must be tied down to prevent 
such a mishap. One has also to consider 
some device which will prc\'cnt thc child 

stuL ,111d infection of a herni,l incision 
is very r,lre. The urine is controlled by 
medns of a test tur-e ,lttachment, the legs 
are restrdined by the Phillips' splint, and 
thc incision is protected from all sources 
of infection by the use of a bed cr,ldle 
,lI1d frame-apron. while the child's hands 
yet remain free. 
In the accompdnymg illustrdtions the 
functions of the Phillips' splint, tlh.' 
cr,ldle and the frame apron ,Ire gr
cdlly shown. The articles needed are 
listed helow: 
A Br,ldford fr,une, covLred tightly. 
A Phillips' splint. which cons;sts ot 
three pieces of wood, two of úlu.t11ength. 
.IIlJ )oll1.?;er th.lI1 the third. hoth hinced 




to the shorter pIece. The longer pieces 
must be the length of the child's leg, and 
must be long enough to reach beyond the 
hip. The longer pieces are padded with 
rolled wool on the inside, and covered 
with a bandage. 
Two three-inch flannelette bandages. 
A test-tube attachment, and kidney 
basin for urine. 
A cradle for the bed-clothes. 
A frame apron, made of canvas, fitting 

the penis, and place the kidney basin in 
S. Place the hed-cradle in position over 
the splint. 
6. Place the frame-apron over the 
cradle. Pin at the neck with the blanket 
pins, and huck Ie under frame. 
To give routine care the child may be 
removed from the splint, but he is kept 
strained until the wound is heeded, and 
the sutures are removed. Should It he 





-- '..,. 




,lround the child's neck and shoulders, 
and long enough to come well over the 
cr;ldle, elt the site of wound. The apron 
is provided with straps and huckles, and 
is huckled behind the frame. 
Two blanket pins. 
The proper procedure subsequent to 
operation is <IS follows: 
1. While the child is still under the 
anaesthetic, place him on the frame, and 
fold hack the night-gown neatly. 
2. Pbce Phillips' splint in position. Be 
sure that it reaches beyond the hips. 
:.. Bclnd,l
e each leg to the side of the 
4. Apply the test-tuhe attachment to 

necessary to improvise this equipment in 
the home, the child might he plelced on 
his back in the hed, and his hands re- 
str elined to the sides. With care in helnd- 
ling the bed-cluthes, and if a substantial 
dressing has been placed on the incision, 
the cradle and frame-apron may he omit- 
ted, if these articles are difficult to obtain. 
Nurses, and others caring for children, 
wiJl find however that they will be much 
happier, and easier to manage, if the 
hands are not tied down. The psycho- 
logical reaction of a child against any 
form of restraint must he telken into con- 
sIderation and he should he given as much 
opportunity for physical activity as is 
ihk in the circumstances. 
VOL. xxx, No. 2 


K. A. BAIRD. M.A.. M.D., CM., Saint John, N.B. 

A pdtlent usudlly reyuires nursing Cdre 
because of illness or injury, real or as- 
sumed. The primary objective of the 
nurse should be the comfort and the re- 
covery of the patient. Sometimes these 
two conflict, and it is necessary to make a 
patient uncomfortable in order to ad- 
minister some drug or treatment which it 
is hoped will aid recovery, or, as in the 
case of the very aged, it may be advisable 
to make him comfortable by neglecting 
measures whose value in prolonging life 
would be doubtful, or, at best, temporary. 
When the claims of comfort and recovery 
conflict, the decision is made by the doc- 
tor rather than by the nurse. There are, 
however, many aspects of the care of 
patients which depend entirely upon 
members of the nursing profession but in 
which nurses have been known to fail to 
put the patient first. 
We have heard of a former nurse, now 
the mother of several children, who after 
one experience J.S a patient in the mater- 
nity ward of a general hospital said: 
never again in that hospital, because the 
junior nurses made so much noise outside 
her door, or at least she supposed it was 
the juniors! A special nurse talked and 
laughed so much with her patient and 
friends, during the patient's last few days 
in the hospital, that other patients were 
much disturbed. Stories have also been 
told of nurses who left patients in the 
middle of a sponge bath, or with a ther- 
mometer in mouth, while they delayed in 
the corridor to tell or hear a bit of hospi- 
tal gossip. Nurses sometimes tell details 
of other cases to their patients. Even 
when Il<lmes are not mentioned, and 
when the p.ltient who is listening seems 
to enjoy the story, this is not good treat- 
ment psychologically. Besides it leads th
patient to think that the nurse may be 
 all dbout her case to someone else. 
A common C.luse of not putting the pa- 
tient first is, the exact opposite of car
kssncss. It is tb.' [t'ndering of services 

FFBRt AR\, 193-1 

which are not reyuired or desired. }Viany 
patients arc the victims of institutional 
routine. Some routine is necessary, but 
routine for its own sake is a curse to the 
patient. The proper balance between 
routine and the patient's comfort is a 
nice question for the wise 
or supervisor to decide. The student 
nurse has little choice, but even she can 
perhaps arrange to give her wakeful pa' 
tients their morning wash before she be 
gins to d. waken the sleepers. 
The private nur& has the privilege ,)f 
exercising her judgment, unless that judg 
ment has all been trained out of her by 
institutional necessity. She should learn 
to make routine subservient to comfort 
by asking the doctor, when receiving 
orders, "Shall I administer thIs, if th
patient is sleeping, or shall I wait till he 
wakes?" Unless he is d crank (oh, yes. 
some of us are!), the doctor will rejoice 
inwardly that the patient has a nurse who 
can estimate the relative advantdges of hi:; 
treatment and of refreshing sleep, and h:? 
will order accordingly. Too much servic, 
and ill-timed service. are not rendered b) 
the nurse who puts her patient first. 
It is a mistake to put the doctor bctore 
the patient. This does not mean that the 
nurse has any right to interfere with the 
doctor's treatment. It does mean thdt it 
you must choose, a rested patient, ju.c;t 
a wake hut nut yet hathed, is a better 
sight to welcome the doctor than a Pdtient 
\,,'hose rest was broken so that you courd 
prepare her for his visit. It also means 
that, in a confinement Cdse, the patient is 
entitled to considcrdtion bt.
fore the doc- 
tor. The latter will probably have givcn 
you 'directions clS to when you are to call 
him, but if he hcls not, or if sometlâng 
untowdfd has occurred, the womdn h,\s .\ 
right to her doctor's presence. One of tho 
reasons why many d wOl1l<ln will n'Jt go 
to a hospital for her confinements ù: h,- 
cause she fedrs a h,lrd boiled nUl'S,' will 
rcfu";l' tl) c.llI thl' d( )(tl n' \\ hen .;;h,- IW,.J" 




him. Thdt is also the reason some patients 
give for employing a ..practical nurse" 
rather than a fully,trained graduate. 
Finally, nurses differ in skilL Each in' 
dividual nurse should show herself skilful 
in the 
dministration of nursing treat' 
ments. She will not assume that she has 
karned everything in her undergraduate 
days, hut will pick up hints from doctors 
,1I1d from other nurses as to better ways 

of doing thing..s. The clever nurse will 
think of many ways in which she can put 
the patient first, and render the sort )f 
service which will reflect credit upon her' 
self and her profession. 
In case the writer is thought too criti, 
cal, let him remark in conclusion that he 
has Adam's excuse. He would nevel have 
dared write an article like this had It not 
been that a nurse asked him to do so. 


GRACE M. FAIRLEY, Principal and Director of Nurses. Vancouver General Hospital, 
and Convener of the Florence Nightingale Memorial Committee of the 
Canadian Nurses Association. 

In the November issue of The Can- 
adian Nurse, * in 
n drticle entitled "The 
Florence Nightingale Memorial," Miss 
Jean Gunn gave an admirable summary 
of the general aim and scope of the pro' 
posed international tribute to the memory 
of the founder of modern nursing. 
The Canadian Nurses Association has 
pledged its members to participation and 
at an eXl!cutive meeting 
eld after the 
 Congress, the methods of raising 
the amount of money whIch Canad
would wish to give were discussed. The 
details of plans for creating 
nterest and 
for the collection of funds were left to a 
"pecial cummittee to be known as thl
Canadian Florence Nightingale Memorial 
Committee. Each province is represent' 
ed on this committee and these provincial 
representatives are asked to stimulate in- 
terest among all nursing groups, such as 
the Alumnae Associations, the di;trict 
organizations, student nurses and married 
nurses. It is taken for granted that all 
will share in a memorial which is so truly 
international in scope and yet so defi, 
nitely personal in character. The sug' 
gestion has been made that each country 

See 'TIle Cr1t1l!di,11I "\lilTS,' No\'<'ml-cr. 19:;', p. 57C1. 

should offer a scholarship dnnually, and 
it is hoped that the provincial conveners 
will ascertain the opinion of their mem- 
bers on this point. In a recent communi, 
cdtion to the vdrious provinces, it was 
also suggested that if alumnde associdtions 
and other nursing orgdnizations would 
pledge themselves to give a grant of not 
less than ten dollars edch year it would 
:11aterially add to the assured income 
Student nurses could also be approached 
and would probably be glad to contrI- 
bute to a fund, the purpose of which is 
to perpetuate the memory of one whose 
foresight made possible the school of 
nursing of today. Such a request might 
he made to them annually, following 
their lectures on the history of nursing 
or during the week of May 12, when the 
Hospital Day celebrations are in progress. 
Donations to the fund, made either hy 
individuals or through organizations, will 
he announced from time to time in The 
Canadian Nurse and it is hoped that the 
provincial conveners will receive the 
ready personal support of all members of 
 profession in an effort to pcrpetu.ltc 
the memory of that greatest of all nurses, 
Florence Ni

VOL. XXX, No. 1 


MARION LINDEBlJRGH. Convener, Standing Committee on Curriculum, 
Nursing Education Section. Canadian Nurses Association. 

By the time the February issue of 'The 
CanadIan Nurse is in the hands of its 
readers the revised Curriculum Study 
will have been widely distributed through- 
out Canada. All the Provinces have or- 
g<mized provincial curriculum committees 
anJ there has been an encouraging re- 
sponse from the conveners to whom the 
first rough draft was sent, in June, for 
purposes of analysis and criticism. The 
central curriculum committee wishes to 
express its appreciation of the many con- 
structive suggestions which have been 
receiveJ and which have been most help- 
ful in the process of revision. 
The revised 'stuJy takes the form of a 
hrief outline of the fundamental issues in 
nursing education as at present carried on 
in schools of nursing conducted by hos- 
pitals. Nursing education on a fully rec- 
ogniz.ed professional level cannot possibly 
he secured hy revolutionary measures but 
must gradually evolve through improved 
educational facilities and opportunities in 
the hospital school, since it is through this 
,lvenue that it must ultimt1tely gain pub- 
lic recognition and financial support. The 
revised study deals, therefore, with the 
school of nursing as it exists within the 
fr,lme of the hospital. Nevertheless every 
opportunity has heen utiliz.ed to suggest 
improvement in the undergraduate course 
,md, so as the economic situation per- 
mits, to huild for the future, hy outlining 
.m educational programme which will 
hetter equip the nurse for the growing 
Jcm.mds of home and community savice 

II tHH''\R', IQ34 

as well as for hospital nursing serv
Details relating to the content of the 
curriculum are not included in the revised 
study. Subject matter, teaching methods. 
and correlation of activities will be dealt 
with separately t1fter the preliminary sur- 
vey has been completed and, at this time, 
the assistance of staff memhers of schools 
of nursing who are engaged in teaching 
and supervision will be solicited. 
It is hoped that the provincial curri- 
culum committees will begin work on the 
revised study and questionnaire as soon 
as possible. Three months is the period 
allotted to them for this purpose and. 
at its termination, the central committee 
must enter upon the task of assembling, 
tahulating and integrating the informa' 
tion received from the various provinces. 
Should additional copies of the study be 
required they may be obtained through 
the provincial convenors from 

Executive Secretary of the Canadian 
Nurses Association, 1411 Crescent St., 
Montreal. The questionnaire has heen 
carefully formulated and suggestions for 
dealing with it have been incorporated in 
the study. It is confidently e
the replies to it will embody the reflective 
thought and considered opinions of Ie,ld- 
ers of the nursing profession in all part:' 
of Canada and thus pave the way for 
the construction of .t. curriculum which, 
while nation,tl in character, will be h<lsed 
on sounJ economIC ,md cduc,ltion,d 



These are busy days in the School for 
C;radu,lte Nurses of McGill University. 
Cbsses, lectures and field work are in full 
swing and a feeling of optimism IS 
ahroctd. Thanks to the generous response 
to the c,lmpaign so energetically carried 
on by the Central Committee under the 
,lhlc direction of Its president, Miss E. 
Frances Upton, sufficient funds were pre- 
..;;ented to the University to meet the de' 
m,lnds of the current ac,ldcmic year and, 
furthermore, a substantial sum is already 
avctilable toward the futun? support of 
the School The annual luncheon ten' 
dered by the Alumnae Association of the 
School to the members of the student 
group proved a 'most enjoyable occasion 
and some of the principz..l objectives of 
the Central Committee during the com- 
ing year were discussed with enthusiasm. 
The future of the school now seems 
to be sufficiently secure to justify active 
measures to recruit students. The pres- 
ence of an enthusiastic student bo(
goes far tn assure the success of any 
school, and 1n spite of hard times there 
are plenty of young nurses in Can
who could, and who should, avail them, 
selves of the opportunity which, through 
the sacrifice of others, is still within their 
reach. Under present conditions, how- 
ever, must nurses find it difficult to under' 
take graduate study unless a certain 
amount of assistance is forthcoming. Fun 
scholarships, which cover tuition and 
m(lintcnance, are of course highly desir' 
ah]e, but there are also many instances in 
which a modest bursary or a small loan 
might supplement pasonal resources and 

(, I 

thus enahle ambitious students to carry 
on. Some of the larger Alumnae Associ,.- 
tions are already helping in this way and 
hospitals which conduct schools of nurs' 
ing might well consider the advisability 
of assisting specially promising members 
of their graduating classes to prepare 
themselves for positions of responsibility 
Friends of the hospit,tl, members of the 
mcdiG,l staff, and groups such as hospital 
aid societies, might also be induced to 
offer hursaries as prizes for proficiency in 
some special branch of nursing. 
Never before have Canadian nurses 
rallied so wholeheartedly and courage' 
ously to the support of nursing educa, 
tion. In a time of great economic distress, 
rticular1y in the West, nurses have 
given ungrudgingly, and the effort made 
by the nurses of Canada to keep the 
School open has won the admiration of 
the University authorities and of the 
community at large. Only a short time 
hefore his lamented death, the late Prin, 
cipal, Sir Arthur Currie, addressed these 
words to the Central Committee: "May 
I congratulate the Alumnae Association 
of the School on the effort made to raise 
these funds, and on the splendid response 
from the members of the nursing profes, 
sion in Canada and their friends." 
If the effort Clnd sacrifice which have 
won such spontaneous recognition as this 
an? to be rewarded as they deserve to be. 
there must he a good enrolment of stu' 
dents again next year. It may mean plain 
living, but it also means high thinking. 
Keep the door open. 

VOL XXX, No. 1 


C all Nurses Read? 
Elsewhere in this issue of the Journal 
will be found a brief article by Miss 
Grace M. Fairley, convener of the Flor- 
cnce Nightingale Memorial Committee 
of the CanCJdian Nurses Association in 
whIch she describes the initial stages of 
the campaign to raise funds for thIs 
worthy object. In el letter to the editor, 
Miss Felirley suggests that attention be 
Jrelwn to this article and to the one 
wluch precedeJ it in the November issue, 
in which M
s:> Jean Gunn discussed, in 
some Jet
il, the origin and scope of this 
international undertaking. Mi
s Fairley 
goes on to Sd.Y that she was much sur- 
priseJ to find, when she asked the 
opinion of nurses whom she knew to be 
subscr,bers to the Jownal, that they had 
not even read the .lrtide in question. This 
sad state of elffairs Jid not surprise us in 
the least. We are hardened to shocks of 
this kind. \Ve have long reached the con- 
clusion that, whtle it is possible that 
nurses can reaJ, very few of them do. 
For e)o.ample, we have received numerous 
reL}uc:3ts to publish the addresses we gave 
during our recent transcontinental barn- 
storming tour. The fact that we are doing 
so unJer the caption of The Canadian 
Scene has not, so far, dawned on our 
kinJ correspondents. It is of course pas- 
le that, when compounding our dose 
ot well-meant advice as administered 
from the platform, we aJded an extra 
ù,lsh of orange juice. But the castor oil 
W,IS there, just as it is in the articles on 
The Canad:an Scene. Try reading them 
,ll1d sec. AnJ please do not forget the 
articles on the Nightingale Memorial 
either Canada must sustain her excel 
lent reputeltion in m,ltters of this kind. 

n HRl 'Aln. IQ

ElIglalld Expects. . . 
In el recent issue of The British Journal 
of J,\ursing, under the caption of "Can- 
ada will be there," editorial comment is 
melde elS follows: 
--Mis::- .keln 1. (;unn, Superintendent of 
Nurses, Toronto (;eneral HospitCJl, was 
elected in Brussels one of the five repre- 
senteltIves of the International CounCIl 
of Nurses on the proposed l;rand Coun 
cil of the Florence Nightingale Inter 
tional Foundation. The Canadian Nurses 
Association have intimated that they pro' 
pose to. nominate Miss F. H. M. Emory 
a.nd MISS G. M. Fairley as its representa 
tIves on the (;rand Council. Here we 
have a trio of women in the very first 
nk .as administrators of nursing educa' 
tlon 111 Canada of which any Association 
of Nurses may be proud." 
And 50 say all of us! 
The February Jourllal 
In this issue, the JOHr-nal welcomes to 
its pages a contrihutor who is a French- 
Cd.naJian nurse, M
dcmoisdle A. Mar' 
tineau, G.M.E., nurse supervisor in the 
division of infectious diseases of the mu 
I11cipal puhlic health savice of Montre,ll. 
In the sectIOn devoted to nursing edu 
cation will he founJ .m e)o.tremdy 
thoughtful article by the Reverend Sist\ r 
Pierre of Louvelin. This WelS considered 
one of the mo::.t outst.mJing of the melny 
e)o.cdlent elddresses givcn elt the InterIM 
tional Congress ,md will repay careful 
study hy all who are interested in the 
philosophy of nursing cduc.ltion. Thl' 
Lltlll mind h,ls a sedrchin1?; L}uality which 
:s pecu1iarly it..: own 



From Poland 
To the President, 
The Canadian Nurses Assucidtiun. 
Dear Miss Emory: 
We are distressed having learned the sad 
news that Miss Mary Snively is gone. May 
we express our deepest regret and the mo.,t 
sll1cere condolence in face of the heavy los;; 
yuur Association has to endure. Joining you 
111 your sorrow, 
President of the Polish ProfessIOnal 
Nurses Association. \Varsaw, Poland. 

Schools for Brides 
My life is a busy one, not prominent and 
not leading, but still 1 hope it is not useless. 
As :"chool physician 1 give physical examina' 
tions, have conferences with students and 
parents. and we are great friends with both 
groups. Besides my official work I teach 
hygiene in the regular household school and 
the latest development is my participation in 
the three months' COUrse for brides. These 
girls are beginning to realize their great mis- 
sion as wives and mothers, and it is a real 
pleasure to work with them. 1t gives our 
women better preparation for the many babi
they have in married life. 
I wrote a series of articles about famtly 
hygiene, both mental and physical, for healthy 
days and in sickness, I also spoke them over 
the radio, and now they are being published 
in our best monthly family review throughout 
1933 and 1934. I am in close co-operation 
with our nurses and help them whenever I 
can, you will believe me. Every day brings me 
new efforts and new ways to approach health 
and education problems. 
School Physician, Ljubljana, Jugoslavia. 

Give Us a Chance to Reform 
I renewed my subscription in September 
and ha\'e my receipt. This is an annual occur' 
ence---a..king for the renewal after it has been 


p.tid. A great IIMny nurses have discuntinued 
their subscription on that .lccount. Please 
look into the matter mOre carefully. 
I. M., 

This is the only cumplaint we have so 
far received in this conne.-:tion and we shall 
be grateful if those subscribers who have 
"een similarly annoyed will communicate 
with us at once. We accept salutary chas- 
ement with resignation if nut with joy. 
But we must know our failings if we arc 
to reform. Tell us the Worst.- Editor. 

Beware of UColiege BOY$' 
We have received a complaint from Mi:"s 
T., advising us that she placed a subscnption 
for The Canadian Nurse with an agent, who 
was formerly one of our representatives, but 
after a very thorough investigation, we fail 
to locate any record of receiving such a sub. 
scription. A Butterick "college boy" represen- 
tative is not permitted to solicit subscriptions 
for any publication, other than The Delinea- 
tor. Apparently, this subscription was solicited 
with "intent to defraud" by this representative. 
who was forced to sever his connections with 
.Our Company a short time after entering our 
employ because his dealings with the public 
were not up to the Butterick standard. 
New York. 

A Reliable Guide 
On one occasion 'The Canadian Nurse was 
of invaluable assistance to me. Several years 
ago I was called out into the country to a 
patient supposed to be dying of diabetes with 
complications. I took with me an issue in 
which there was an article on the treatment 
and feeding of diabetics by a Toronto doctor. 
There was very little to work with out there 
and, of course, no scales, but we managed- 
and the patient is still alive and flourishing. 
Nova Scotia. 

VOL. XXX, No. 2 

Department of Nursing Education 

COSVENER 01' PUßLI"ATIO' MI&. MIldred Reid. \\'mmpeg General Hospital. WinnipeK. Man. 



Before starting to discuss the question 
of principles in education, it may per' 
h<ips he well to recall to mind the mean' 
ing of the word. Education may be de' 
fined <is the art of training and develop' 
ing man in all his aspects, or, more fully, 
<is the combination of all systematic ef, 
forts by which it is sought to lead human 
nature to the development and perfec' 
tion of ..11 its L}ualities. Education aims 
at an ideal, and this ideal, in turn, neces, 
sarily depends on the conception of man 
and his ultimate purpose. Education is 
the basis of public order and of general 
security, it helps in the advancement of 
art and science, 
 nd is a source of uni, 
versdl well,being. The \\ork of education 
cannot be carried out at random; its high 
aim, its true worth and significance dc, 
mand that it be founded on certain prin, 
ciples. Let us consider these great, gen' 
eral principles. 
I. Education must be swtable. It must 
t<ike into account the character, tastes and 
aptitude of the pupIls, as well as their 
social surroundings. Hence the necessity 
for the instructor to study the ch<iractcr 
of his or her pupils, to watch them in' 
telligently and to allow them considerable 
freedom in order to discover their natural 
2. Education must be cOntlnuvus. T u 
he effective, it must begin from the cradle 
,lI1d continue steadily and without a 
hrcdk of any kind to the grCJve. Man's 
education is never finished on this earth. 
hecause the ideal aimed ,It is pafection. 
When the instructor has carried uut his 
t,lsk wisely, and the time wrongly termed 
"completion of education" arrives, the 
student should he capahle of continuing 

(An addr.... JcllHred at thc Intcrnatum..1 (', , .!I. , 
Nursc.. Paris and Bru...I.. J"ly, len,.) 

FFBRl'ARY, 1934 

long the road to perfection. 
3. Education must he natural. It wiII 
be so, said Fénelon, if the instructor un' 
derstands his duty, which is to "follow 
and àssist nature" Education should take 
account of personality. Each human bc' 
ing possesses partICular characteristics 
that require careful ,tttention in his edu, 
cation. The instructor must be a student 
of psychology in order to succeed in his 
at task. 
4. Education must be complete. It 
must develop as harmoniously CJS po:.-sihle 
every physical, intellectual and mora] 
faculty, and maintain the halance be- 
tween body, intellect and will. 
5. Physical training gives health and 
strength and develops manual aptitudes 
th,tt enable man to help himself and to 
soke the problems of life. 
6. The better the balance of man's in- 
tellectual faculties, the sounder his know 
ledge will be. Moral education trains the 
finer aspects of heart, wiH and character, 
by te
ching certain qualities and eradicat 
 faults. Its influence on the other 
forms of education is very Indeed, 
both in the case of physical or intellectual 
training, the results obtained are propor 
tionate to the effort voluntarily mdde dnd 
to the perseverance shown. Moral educa, 
tion produces good citi:ens, honest work 
ers and parents fit for their LiSk. h is 
founded on good hahits: ohedience, self 
sacrifice, faithfulness to duty, courdge, 
honesty, sincerity, industry, justice, char 
ity, purity, dignity and good,breeding. 
Discipline is a powerful aid to moral edu, 
cation. Th
 force of education. s.tid 
PIli ton, lies in inteIJigent disciplinc A 
pupil who ubeys the will of his te,iChcr 
gives his own greater strength and flöi' 
hility everv Ja\'. He has thl' orpnl tunit\' 



of learning manly qualities of self-control, 
earnestness, and readiness to answer the 
c,dl of Juty. Discipline should obviously 
aim d.t guidd.l1ce and prevention, since 
pre"'ention h,-Is always been better than 
suppreSSIOn. But if education is to cor- 
n::spond to a high iJeal it must, above all, 
he placeJ on a religious foundation. In 
eJucation as in everything else, says 
Monseigneur Dupanloup, religion is the 
supreme aim, the beginning and end, the 
..lph,t and omega of all endeavour. Re- 
Lgion, says Monseigneur Moulart, should 
hL the unchanging hasis of all education; 
in religion alone can be found the prm- 
(ipk, the rule and the consecration of all 
Juties. There are not two educations, 
:",lYS Rutché, one of the world and one of 
God: then: is one only, in which every- 
 is connected, because in the soul 
also everything is connected, because con- 
science forms a whole and is responsible 
for all we do, because the ultimate end 
of man is single and subordinate to all 
worldly purposes. This ultimate end is 
God himself. 
We shall now see if these educative 
principles can be applied to the training 
of the nurse. This special training be- 
gins precisely at a time when young girls 
hegin to feel the desire to make them- 
selves useful, to devote themselves to 
some purpose, hut are ignorant of how to 
reach their ideal. Nursing is essentially 
.t woman's husiness; it can satisfy both 
hand and heart, but needs careful prc- 
paration. The teacher who undertakes 
the serious task of training a nurse must 
not lose sight of the general principles in 
education that answcr to its full and de- 
finite aim. 
We have said that education must be 
suitable. As Florence Nightingale so 
'lptly said: "Nursing calls for a special 
vocation in so far that it demands from 
those who feel the call a series of quali 
ties whose absence may endanger the full 
.!ttainment of their purpose." Since the 
,lim of education is not to create, hut to 
hdp mould .1I1d din:ct. it is advisahle to 

ed out from the very beginning all 
girls who (lfford no proof of this special 
Because education should be continu- 
ous, the student must remain in particular 
educative surroundings and the living-in 
system is thus necessary. To abandon this 
system would be to disregard one of the 
first principles in education. 
As the training of a nurse is a difficult 
business, on account of the student's 
youth and the ideal aimed at, the teacher 
must remember, above all, that the train- 
ing must be natural. She must, therefore, 
study her pupils and know their way of 
thinking; she must therefore follow them 
step by step, share their everyday life and 
thus win their confidence. She will thus 
Jiscover that certain errors <.1 re due 
merely to temporary moral or physical 
weakness, and that the student often de- 
serves pity rather than blame. The school 
Jirector should, therefore, interview the 
nurse instructors at regular intervals. 
Fuller knowledge of the stuJents' frame 
of minJ will make her better able to 
understand the reason of their conduct 
and to give thcm work suited to their 
character. They are reasonable human 
heings and must he treated as such. The 
student nurse obviously needs a comþre- 
hensive training: the professional sidc 
which includes physical, intellectual and 
technical instruction, and the moral side. 
She must become an expert in matters of 
health and hygiene and apply all their 
rules, which should even become part and 
parcel of her daily life. The school should 
possess every up-to-date health appliance, 
the use of which should be supervised and 
no slackness allowed in this respect. 
Open-air games and walks should be a 
compulsory item of the programme, and 
be arranged hy the directress. Organized 
competition in games is useful in creating 
Let us consider briefly the inteHectual 
training of a student nurse. On arriving 
at the school, the girls should already 
have a good gcneral education. It may 

VOL. XXX, No. 1 


he thought desirable to allow them to 
Jevelop their artistic, literary and social 
aptitudes. Some convalescents make great 
Jemand3 on the nurse's intellectual at' 
tainments, and many sick persons could 
be cured by proper attention to their 
moral CJnd mental needs. Artistic, literary 
or other pursuits must not, however, en- 
croach on professional studies proper, 
which are of the utmost importance. It 
is not enough to know what we must do 
and how it must be done, but also the 
reason why. The nurse who is to be' 
come the doctor's real assistant should 
not only understand his actions, but be 
able to forsee them. Theoretical instruc, 
tion must be given by competent teachers 
who are ready to go beyond the narrow 
limits of a minimum programme. The 
students must also have time to digest 
what they have learned, and this means 
careful arrangement of the time'table. 
The students should have access to the 
many facilities offered by the school, such 
;15 books, reviews and papers. Beyond 
everything, the nurse needs to be taught 
judgment. Accurate judgment is impor' 
tant in life, and most of all in the nursing 
profession. How often must a nurse act 
,LCcording to her own judgment, and how 
many mistakes might be avoided if this 
judgment were always sound? Memory 
is an aid to judgment. As logical memory 
depends lugely on clear comprehension, 
which is proportionate to the interest 
evoked, the director must question the 
students in order to make them talk and 
state their opinion. She thus makes cer' 
tain whether the mind has grasped what 
the ton.gue has spoken; corrections will 
be made in a kindly spirit and compli, 
c.lted matters explained. 
A most import
nt feature in the train- 
ing of the nurse is her ethical teaching. 
The nurse is not a machine, but a human 
heing. Human worth does not lie in 
:,trength or beauty, nor in physical or 
intellectual attainments, hut in lofty 
ideals, strength and sincerity of purpose, 
,lI1d in the sum total of a man'5 principks. 
H:RRl'ARY, lQ}4 


Can it be said that moral trainIng h,lS 
made equal progress with technical in- 
struction? That is a view I should 
scarcely dare to uphold. The ohject of 
moral training is to cultivate 111 the stu- 
dent a spirit of industry, self'saLfifice. 
charity and dignity. No woman gains 
strength of character and ahLty to do 
great things unless she has a will of her 
own and is not afraid of effort. Any sys 
tern of training that abolishes or even re' 
duces personal effort therefore stands con- 
demned. During her three years' tr .lining 
the student finds ample opportunity for 
exercising her will'power. She has to obey 
a sign, a look, a word, even a sound. The 
school regulations are strict; the students 
are subject to discipline, which te
them regular hahits and self,control. Dis, 
cipline is concerned with the present and 
the future; it must not, however, he 
despotic nor refuse a certain degree of 
liberty. It is even preferable to give the 
students a consider,lble amount of frcc, 
dom so they may learn how to make 
good use of it. A steeled ch
 racter will 
always hold itself in check and he self, 
reliant. Faced with a critical situation 
or an unforeseen difficulty, the nurse will 
not feel lost but will master the situation, 
because she has learned to be virile. y.t 
she remains a woman (It heart, and her 
womanly qualities cannot be neglected. 
The true nurse is compassionate in the 
right sense of the word; she feels and 
suffers with her patients, her kindness is 
seen in her look, heard in her speech and 
proved hy her deeds. She kno\\'s hmv to 
warm the coldest heart, and give the de 
spondent faith in life. She is t.lught to 
love her work, to forget herself. and to 
be ready for the greatest self'sacrifice. In 
spite of this she is always ready with a 
smile and is a convinced optimist. This 
healthy optimism, which may often cause 
some surprise, is the e),.press)on of intense 
mor,tl force and true pe.Ke of mind. 
What can the te
cher do to devdop 
these qualities? She will set an l.'),.ampk 
She will tre,lt her ..;tudcnt..; \\"th kinJnl --. 



listen to their many small worries, help, 
cncourag(>, and be like a mother to them. 
The nurse must not be allowed to feel 
,done in her task. She is brought too 
closely in cont,lct with the melancholy 
side of life am.! soon loses her illusions. 
A helping h
nd in times of weakness will 

ive her fresh courage for further gener- 
osity and self-sacrifice and a dearer view 
of ha ideal. If she is truly desirous of 
attaining the required standard, she will 
com hat h,mnful inclinat
ons, and try not 
to he thoughtless, changeable, sensitive, 
md selfish; she will cultivate the 
qu,llities which make for a higher char- 
acter - uprightness, perseverance, kind- 
ness and gaiety in ha relations with 
others, simpJicity, reserve and sociability. 
The social spirit is fostered by arrang- 
ing functions and g,lther;ngs at the school 
ibdf, and in meetings for study and 
lecture purposes. In spite of contrary 
opinions, the organization of social func- 
tions is an important part of the training 
programme. Gifts of observation, initia- 
tive, perseverance, energy, self-sacrifice 
,1I1d devotion are called for, and for this 
reason perhaps shortcomings arc often 
met with amongst organizers. 
There is yet another moral yuality that 
the ideal nurse should have. namely, deli- 
C.lCY of feeling. This makes her see in 

the patient not a mere "case" but a hu- 
man being who feels and understands, 
and makes her able to enter into the mind 
of her patients. Delicacy implies fore 
sight, alertness, discretion, the trick of 
finding the right word, the smile that 
consoles, the gesture that gives peace. If 
this virtue he inborn, training will find 
the way to make it blossom. She must be 
instructed as to the mystery of her origin 
and her destiny. She must learn that we 
come from God and that true happiness 
lies in His will. Her conscience must be 
enlightened, so that she may govern her 
own life, play her part worthily and be 
the guide and comforter of those who 
This survey of the principles in educa- 
tion brings us to the conclusion that the 
nurse's special training develops in her a 
ché\racter and a mind peculiar to her pro- 
fession. She has her own way of feeling, 
comprehending, reasoning and acting. 
Her ideas and opinions become the prin 
ciples by which she lives, and which dis- 
tinguish her from other young girls. 
Although hrought daily into contact 
with human suffering, she nevertheless 
remains an optimist, hecause of her 
inner convictions of hore and uhimate 



VOL. xxx, No. 2 

Department of Public Health Nursing 

(".", \ .fll. 01 ['nIL:' \TlOS
: Mrs. Agnes Haygarth. 21 Sussex St.. Toronto. Onto 


A. MARTINEAU, G.M.E., infirmière surveillante. division des maladies contagieuses, 
Service de Santê, Hôtel de Ville, Montrêal, P.Q. 

Control of communicable diseases be- 
ing of general concern, it may be of in- 
terest to give a brief outline of the work 
Jone by the nurses of the Contagious 
Diseases Division of the Health Depart' 
ment of the City of Montreal. First a 
few words about the administration of 
this division, its work being one of the 
most important amongst the many activi' 
ties of the city health department. The 
staff comprises one superintendent, hold, 
ing the diploma of public health, who is 
in charge; three diagnosticians, one of 
whom had special training as epidemiolo, 
gist; one head nurse who h
 s had public 
health training; nine visiting nurses; five 
clerks and three inspectors. The efforts 
of this personnel tend to control and 
eliminate communicable disease by edu' 
eating people and recommending pre' 
ventive measures. 
Every case of communicable disease 
should be reported to the division of con' 
tagious diseases, according to the provin- 
cial health by' laws. Is this regulation 
scrupulously observed? Let us make no 
comment on this subject. Nurses visit 
confirmed cases only, whilst all suspected 
cases brought to our attention are attend- 
ed by a physician and are then transferred 
to nurses. The work is centralized at the 
health department and the city is geo, 
graphically divided into nine districts. 
The nurse's functions are to establish 
4uarantine anJ to see that other prophy, 
lactic measures are applieJ in compliance 
with the provincia] health by,laws. Nurses 
rcport every morning at the office to give 
an account of their day's work and to 
discuss the problems to be solved, such as 
patients to be hospitalized or cases where 
isolation is Jifficult. Cases of poverty. 
FFßRUARY, 1914 

backward children and so on are reported 
to the proper organization, for the nurses 
always try to co'operate with other wel- 
fare associations. Then the nurse starts 
out with her list of new cases to be 
attended during the day and enquires at 
 office again at noon to find out 
whether there are .my new and urgent 
calls to be made. 
When a nurse calls at a home she ex' 
plains that she is sent from the health 
department because there is a case of com- 
municable disease in the family. She takes 
the history of the illness and goes through 
the usual questionnaire and gives instruc, 
tions concerning proper isolation of the 
patient and the prevention of the con' 
tamination of other members of the fam 
ily. She insists on concurrent disinfec 
tion, and takes note of all particulars, for 
she has to keep the case in minJ for suh 
sequent visits. 
As the nurse sends a notice to schoo] 
not to admit a child until it has heen 
issued a certificate of re-admission. she 
also delivers certificates to this effect, to- 
gether with those of re,admission to work. 
In diphtheria, she takes swabs of the 
nose and throat and quarantine is lifteJ 
only when two negative results are oh- 
tained. In typhoid she sees th,lt the ft.'ce:, 
and urine are examined and, if a germ 
carrier is detected, he is kept under oh- 
servation. As the city proviJes for free 
Jistribution of antidiphtheric serum the 
nurse has to visit these st.ltions regul.lrly 
,md collect certificates; she must then in 
4uire at the reporteJ .lJdresses concern- 
ing the reasons why the serum W.iS 111' 
There is a service at the civic hospital 
for smallpo"{. hut in the last three years. 



not hc\ving met with sm.tllpo:\., we hc\ve 
opened a clinic for scabies. Cases to be 
treated arc selected among those reported 
amI wc give the opportunity of hospitali' 
:ation to those who have not the facilitIes 
for receiving proper treatment at home, 
especially when there are school chtlJren 
in the household. The treatment is of 
course given under the supervision of a 
ng to dcc\l \vith all nationalities, 
Jiffercnce of language is sometimes a real 
h.lI1dicap to our work, foreigners not he' 
ing used to our proceedings in commu' 
nicahle discasð. I do not intend to say 
that it is only foreigners who do not 
ohserve good quarantine: unfortunottdy 

our fdlow-Òtizens overlook it only too 
often. It is, however, a pleasure to say 
that \ve have the co-operation of a great 
numhcr of people who understand their 
social Juties and whu accept willingly all 
restrictions imposed, but on the other 
hand, there arc those who th
nk that we 
\J,.'ant to cause them trouhk or annoyance. 
They do not understand that for us the 
\velf.lre of the community comes first and 
thc\t personal intacst should be sacrificed 
to the common wdfare. The education 
of people is not done in a day. Should we 
meet with more success if the law were 
strictly applIed? We believe, however, 
in the old s('ying: Patience et longueur'de 
temþs font þltts que force et v:0 1 ence. 


KA THLEEN I. SANDERSON, Reg. N.. Executive Secretary. 

The Greater Vancouver Health Le(\gue 
is a hranch of the Canadian Social Hy' 
giene Counc
l, a voluntary association 
org.\nized under the auspices of the Do... 
minion (;overnment and co"'operating 
with the provincial and municipal de... 
pc\rtments of health of the whole Do, 
m!nion, for the purpose of awakening the 
puhLc to the necessity of the prevention 
of all preventahle diseases. This proh' 
lcm has been found to he so linked up 
with the problems of general hea.lth and 
child training that the League was organ' 
ized with the ohiect of carrying on a 
general health educational campaign in 
the Province of British Columbia. Efforts 
arc heing directed particululy towards 
the conservation of the health of the 
family, and the upholding of the home 
as the chief social institution for preserv' 
ing the health and well-being of the indi' 
v;dual, the family, the community and 
the nation. Thè Leagu(' consists of rep' 
resentatives of organizations at present 
in existence in the community, which 
have a
 their ohjects the promotion of 

community welfare. Its specific aims are: 
To educate the whole community in per- 
sonal dnd community health and in modern 
scientific methods of disease prevention. 
To improve the facilities for making the 
t methods of treatment of disease available 
to the whole community, and to educate the 
public to make early use of them. 
To give guidance and assistance to parents 
in training children in personal hyg'iene and 
chdracter building. 
To faCllitate and inaugurate the provision 
of health services to voluntary social work 
The activities of the League are car- 
rieJ on hy the following sections: medical 
and venereal disease; cancer prevention; 
prevention of heart disease; milk supply; 
parent education and child study; pre' 
natal care: prevention of maternal mol" 
tality: library and liter.lture; press and 
puhlicity; industrial medicine; nutrition; 
r.1diul11: prevention of tuberculosis. 
The speakers' service offers a list of 
over one hunJred suhjects in mental and 
physICal health. These arc given by ex'" 
perts in the
r special fields, and are avail... 
<lnk. free of charge, upon request of any 
VOL. xxx. No. 2 


group in the community. During the past 
season one hundred and eighteen lectures 
were delivered before audiences of many 
types, including Parent,Teacher Associa' 
tions, Communists, Y.M.C.A., Y.W. 
C.A., Jewish organizations, Church clubs, 
Nurses Associations, Japanese and Chin' 
ese societies. Health films are loaned upon 
request and each year a special series of 
kctures is arranged by the parent educa- 
tion and child study committee. These 
deal specifically with parent and child 
problems, and are given, free of charge, 
in various sections of the city. An excel- 
lent lending library has been established 
in the League office. Borrowers include 
members of parent study groups, univer' 
sity students, normal school students, and 
social workers. 
Regular clinics are held for periodic 
health examinations of the clients of vol, 
untary social work agencies. This is in no 
sense a remedial service, and no treat- 
ments are given, clients requiring special 
care heing referred to doctors or clinics 
where the necessary treatment may be re' 
ceived. This service is proving to be a 
very important factor in determining 
whether the health of one or more mem- 
hers of a
ly is .t princip.-tl or contri, 
huting cause of a broken home, or of de' 
linquency and idleness. It serves, too, to 
dispel im.tginary ills, to check up on in- 


clpient abnormalities, to reassure the 
client, and presents an opportunity to 
give valuable health hints. Special clinic:- 
have been established for examining 
adults and children previous to their 
leaving for summer camps. This insures, 
;IS far as possihle, against diphtteria or 
diphtheri.t carriers getting into camp, and 
makes possible the investigation of any 
unfavourable symptoms. Through the 
nutrition committee, budgets, shopping 
lists and menus are prepared for clients 
of voluntary social work agencies. When' 
ever possible, the nutritionist has a per' 
son..l interview with the client, and so is 
.tble to judge wherein the real difficulty 
s. This service is meeting a great need 
for those on relief allowance, and those 
who are inexperienced shoppers and 
In the Spring of 1932, a tuherculosis 
committee, which is affiliated with the 
Canadian Tuberculosis Association, was 
organized. Since its inception, note- 
worthy progress has been made in the 
.ul1algamation of all tuberculosis work 
Ullda the direct control of the city health 

epartment with a complete tuberculosis 
unit at the General Hospital. The Japan- 
ese and Chinese communities are showing 
an active and co,operative interest in en' 
deavouring to stamp out this very preva' 
lent disease. 

J. OeBRINCA T, Reg. N.. member of Provincial Public Health Nursing Staff, Manitoba. 

:\n unusu.ll experience befell me which may 
IIldICate the difficulties of a public hea!th 
e, and be a warning to avoid travelling 
alone on dark nights. Darkness had fallen 
when 1 found myself and my usually trusty 
Ford on a trail ten miles from the nearest 
house. In turning a sharp corner the car 

truck a stump-result a flat tire. Moving 
my car to a place where I could jack it up, 
J beg.iIl to feel nervou
, something that bad 
never happened to me before. Looking up 1 
..,aw glowing eye". and then I heard the 
howling of w()I\"C
o m.ttter how J ..truggled 

I couldn't loosen my spare tire, 
o at last, 
worn out and in despair, I locked myself i!1 
my car and prayed that another traveller would 
soon pass by. After waiting an hour (the 
longest hour I have ever known) a car carne 
by with a driver who helped me out of my 
difficulties. It seems that a wrong kind d 
nut had been u
ed to put on the spare tire 
which prevented me from removing it in spite 
of all my efforts. This shows how much a 

m.llI thing as a little nut can he thr cau
e pf 
much di

Department of Private Duty Nursing 

CONVBNBIl OP PUBLIC^TION8: Miss Jean Davidson, Paris, Onto 


RUT H M. MANNING, Reg. N., Private Nurse. Saint John. N.B. 

We are now passing through a crisis 
in nursing. Whether we stagnate or make 
further progress depends entirely on the 
type of nurse we send out from our nurs, 
ing schools. The time has come to strpss 
yuality rather than quantity. Mass pro' 
duction IS generally considered the only 
means of staffing our hospitals econorrtÏ' 
cally, and if this continues, the publi\: 
will wake up some day to find that the 
intelligent woman will not enter a fiekl 
where there are already great number
of unemployed, many of them the victim
of cheap labour and a hit'or'miss edu, 
cational system. There is a limit to 
optimism. 1 am not a revolutionist but 
I do belIeve that unless the situation is 
studied by competent persons, some wIse 
decision reached, some action taken, chaos 
will eventually be the result of procras' 
The public should be made more 
familiar with our problems. The nursing 
situation is their problem as well as our--, 
for while there are great numbers of uw 
employed nurses, there are also great 
numhers of the public not receiving effi, 
cient nursing service. There has been 
much discussion on the subject of nurses' 
fees. We reali 4 e that many who should 
receive nursing service are being deprived 
of it because of financial circumstances. 
We sympathize with thIs need, yet be' 
cause the nurse is serving suffering hu' 
manity, does that justify her not earning 
sufficient to fulfil her personal and social 
obligations? How many nurses have be' 
come wealthy from the fees they have 
collected during their professional career? 
We do not want destructive criticism. 
We need constructive criticism. 
We still find among us a few of the 
traditionalists, who believe that the nurse 


is being over-educated. Nurses may be 
over' trained but is anyone ever over' 
educated? Training should be an obsolete 
word in modern nursing education. We 
train animals. We educate nurses. W 
must have a certain amount of standard, 
i 4 ation. We cannot allow students to 
experiment on the patients. Nevertheless, 
after we reach a certain level, standard. 
i 4 ation is killing. It brings things up to a 
certain level but it must not be allowed 
to interfere with professional expansion 
,md growth. 
I believe th.
t we should put more 
science and knowledge into our nursing. 
It will not lessen the efficiency of our 
skills but will provide the "why" for the 
"how." Ii will not lower our ideals or 
make us less sympathetic to our patients. 
It will substitute intelligent sympathetic 
understanding for cheap sentimentality 
and personal prejudice. Although we 
ha ve not fully developed it, we believe 
that we have a science of our own. We 
do not wish to lose our skills and ideals. 
We do endeavour to have a better under' 
standing of everything we do. 
Nursing and medicine have a common 
aim: the care of the patient, but the medi, 
cal and nursing functions are different. 
The hygienic care of the patient mentally 
and physically is definitely a nursing skill. 
Due to the complexity of modern life, 
the ment.d aspect of every patient is an 
opportunity for study. We need more 
psychology and mental hygiene in our 
nursing school curriculum. We do not 
wish to encroach on the field of medicine 
hut we do wish to develop our own skills 
scientifically. The method and art em' 
ployed in carrying out the doctor's orders 
is entirely apart from medicine. Nursing 
com plements medicine and vice versa. 
VOl. XXX, No. 2 


Both are nec
ssd.ry III the interests vi 
",uffering humanity. 
When I say that we should put more 
science and knowledge into our nursing 
I do not mean that we should turn out 
bookish individuals. I do think that every 
nurse should know what is meant by that 
attitude of mind called the scientific 
method, the biological point of view. This 
is after all only the common sense point 
of view. It distinguishes the poor nurse 
frum the good nurse. It is not the facts 
in the mind that count but the facts that 
one can get for oneself and the ability to 
llse them. Prove all things and hold fast 
to that which is good. The nurse has to 
observe and classify accurately those 
things which she has observed. Every 
nurse should get into the habit of scien- 
tific method and carry it over into all of 
her work. Even making a bed may be 
scientific. The nurse instructors who are 
able to give their students this point of 
view give them something of far more 
value than the assimilation of a lot of 
hook knowledge. The student with this 
point of view will continue to educate 
herself after graduation. Nursing is an 
art, but we need science to stabilize it 
(md to make that art transferable. Th
paintings of Raphael and Michael Angelo 
cannot be reproduced. The technique has 
heen lost. 
Nursing education has advanced but It 
has by no means reached the peak ùf 
,lttainment. We appreciate the hospital 
as the laboratory for nursing and we d0 
not wish to divorce ourselves from it; but 
we have as our ideal the nursing school 
t.?conomically independent of the hospital. 
The chief aim of the nursing school will 
then be the education of the nurse and 
hetter equipped women will be sent into 

Fl-BRUAR\, )lH" 


the nursmg field, providing better serVIce 
for the public. No nursing duties will b
eliminated. but it will not be neccessary 
to continue at tasks which have long 
ceased to be of educational value. The 
gap will be filled by fully qualified gradu- 
ate nurses and by domestics. The nursing 
school will be equipped adequately and 
have the necessary number of YUd.lified 
instructors; the student nurse will pay for 
her tuition as do students in other schools 
and colleges. It is not an impossible 
scheme. Other schools and colleges did 
not always receive the recognition and 
support that they enjoy today. 
I have not attempted to discuss the 
preventive aspect úf nursing. That Ïs not 
because I considel it unimportant but be- 
cause I consider it an integral part of all 
good .lursing. Where have we better 
c ,pportunity to teach health lessons tha.l 
when we are nursing lIving examples úf 
broken health laws? Every nurse shoulJ 
be a health teacher. EJery nurse should 
h(> a public health nurse. 
If we are to produce quality rather 
than yuantlty, give more ethcient nurslllg 
service to the public, raise and protect th(' 
status of the nurse, get more science anJ 
knowledge into our nursing and raise the 
educational standard of our schools. we 
must not hide our light under a bushel. 
If our present system is good enough why 
tire there so many unemployed nurses, 
such numhers of the public derived of 
efficient nursing service, so many nursmg 
schools ld.cking qualified instructors? 
Health insurance may be a solution to 
some of our problems. We do not wish 
to be revolutionary, but when occd.sioll 
arises, let us not forget that stagnation is 
the fruit of procrastination. 

The Student Nurses Page 


PATRICIA COLLINS, Student Nurse, the School of Nursing 
of the Toronto General Hospital. 

Gradually there has come to be a new 
approach to nursing, a co'ordination and 
a linking, up of the physical and mental 
aspects of illness. Today we realize that 
the two are inseparable-no point of be' 
ginning or leaving off. but a complete 
following through of the whole. 
We speak of mental hygiene in a casu- 
al way and have a somewhat blurred 
knowledge of mental illness. Yet we have 
to admit a great lack in the understand- 
ing and care of the mentally ill in th
average general hospital. The tremendous 
swift'moving undercurrent that flows 
steadily in the hospital wards, frantic 
rushed days, more work than can b
done, an overwhelming feeling that finds 
us forgetting, not the medicines and the 
baths and the treatments. but the human 
Many of us fail to reach beyond thl3 
physical ills to the limitless sphere of 
thought and idea, fear, courage and ail 
other "thin kings" which press in upon 
the mind of the ill person. So often we 
say, realizing a maladjustment, "Oh, yes, 
she is a neurotic." There we stop. 
During the past year, however, an 
affiliation with the Toronto Psychiatric 
Hospital has been arranged for student 
nurses in the School of Nursing of the 
Toronto General Hospital. It is a three 
months' elective course offered to as many 
of the students as are interested. Even EO 
short a time as this gives the student 
nurse an understanding within herself 
and promotes a helpful, healthy adjust, 
ment on her part. It brings steadiness 
and broadness to her whole outlook. 
great amount of thought, care, and effort 
has been given to planning and arranging 
this course. An extensive yet concen- 
trated group of lectures is given by the 

staff, each fitting in, correlating, and bUIlt 
up into a working knowledge of psychi- 
atry. Observation, demonstration and 
participation in all nursing procedures, 
concerned with the treatment of the men- 
tally ill, constitute the practical portion. 
The feeling of "fitting,in" and "'be- 
longing" was a very happy one. We were 
not on the outside looking in. but very 
much on the inside, looking a little far- 
ther in. The thing which meant much to 
the student nurse was her own achiev
ment in case-study work. One individual 
was studied intensively, tracing through 
origin and cause to his present situation, 
and following with a suggested adjust- 
ment for his future. It gave a feeling of 
having learned more about ourselves. It 
gave a broader knowledge of what seem' 
ed to be abnormal behaviour and abc' 
ginning towards appreciating people, not 
according to a set social standard, bm 
as they "'fit-in" or "fit,out" of their en- 
Quite aside from any professional <1d 
vantage is the real value of knowing 
people and understanding a little mon? 
about ourselves. A nurse, more th:tn 
others, is constantly thrust into an abnor' 
mal environment, because illness, mental 
or physical, is not a normal state. Wisely 
to meet this situation is a problem which 
must be fought out with one's self. We 
must set a balance, cast out and reject Oí1 
one side, accept and build up on the 
other. Even in the building we would 
think as does the builder, realizing th..': 
V<1 stness of his task, yet knowing th.u 
somewhere there was a beginning anJ 
somewhere will be a completion. 
I woulJ build a house with many win' 
dows, high on a hill with a road slow' 
climbing and welcome to my door. A 

VOL. XXX, No. 2 


house) a hill, and a twisting road above 
the travelled way. I would build my 
house and not grow weary with my work
ing. I would find a quiet joy and know 
rest. Perhaps tomorrow will bring a be
ginning. Always it has been past my 
reClching) mad hurry) straining ahead, a 
glimmer, then hurled down, beaten back, 
endlessly. Could the day not hold back 
its flying hours, release the pressing ques
tioning uncertainty of its minutes: 
Wearying effort! Tired-so tired. 
I turn quietly away, pause in my be
wilderment, seek the common road and 
watch the travellers passing by. Old men 
and children, weary
footed women, mov' 
ing always toward the turning of the 
road. Young faces held a look of wonder. 
A child and an aged man came slowly, 
together, one learning the steady tramp' 
ing of the road-the other, unlearning. 


And in each face there was the same look, 
an understanding. 
Somehow I was with them there on the 
travelled way. We three together. "Arc 
you a builder, too?"' they asked of me. 
Then came the turning in the road and 
the aged man said, "My house lacks J 
window facing the east. I shall build on
and when the morning sun comes there 
will be a remembering." The child saiJ. 
"1 shall begin my house with a windO\\' 
towards the west, and sometimes watch 
the sun go down." The aged man went 
down the shorter way, alone, and the 
child ran on, joining the others who had 
gone ahead. I turned aside and founJ 
again the twisting road that leads to my 
house on the hill. I will hegin with two 
windows, one facing east, and the other, 

Book Reviews 

prepared for the National Organiza
lion for Public Health Nursing, by 
Violet H. Hodgson, R.N., Assistant 
Director, National Organization for 
Public Health Nursing. 249 pages. 
Illustrated. Published by the Macmil
bn Company of Canada, 70 Bond St., 
Toronto. Price, $2.10. 
The public,ltion of this book is most 
(Ipportune. It gives a clear, authoritative, 
and comprehensive picture of the rela
tively undeveloped field of industrial 
nursing which, previously, has not been 
,lvailahle. Its purpose, as stated by the 
.\ uthor, is as follows: 
It is hoped the material In this publicdtio'1 
will: Indicate to management the potential 
field of activity of the public health nur:-e: 
assist the new nurse entering the 
health field in planning the most effective pro' 

ramme ro
uggest to the nurse in indu
try new lin
s of activity: :>uggest the function... 
of the nurse and her aJmini!'tl ative relation- 


ships to the medical, indu
trial relations, ai,d 
production departments: assist the nurse in 
making her ser"ice an integral part of the 
community health programme; stimulate com. 
munity public health nursing agencies to ex' 
tend their programmes into commercial and 
industrial establishments. 
The foreword, written by Dr. C. E. A. 
Winslow, Professor of Public Health, 
YLlle University, stresses the first'men- 
tioned objective thus: "The personnel 
manager or other industrial officer will 
find many parts of the work almost 
eyually illuminating. He may not only 
learn from it the place which the nurse 
should occupy in the fidd of industry, 
hut may also obtain a bro,lder vision ot 
 wider problems of mdustrial efficiency 
as ,lffected by the health and morale of 
the individu,tl worker .. 
P,lrt One is divided into ch'lpters de,ll 
ill!; with company organi:,ltion and ,ld 
tr.ltion. indu
trial rd.ltions, .LCti,,'i 
ti\.',; .tnd }w,Llth :'\." \'icL'
. Admirahk ch.u t.. 



serve to clarify administratIve and func- 
tional relationships which, at first glance, 
might appear extremely complicated. 
Pa rt Two is devoted to a discussion of 
the principles, practices and procedures 
related to industrial nursing service. In 
the first chapter, the fundamental prin- 
ciples of puhlic health nursing are clearly 
enunciated and, throughout the volume, 
these principles are consistently related 
to the specific topic which is under con- 
sideration. Succeeding chapters deal at 
some length with such topics as human 
relationships within the plant; scope and 
administration of nursing service; physi- 
cal equipment of health department; 
work environment; prevention of acci- 
dents and illness; industrial poisons; com- 
munity relationships; supervision; records 
and statistics. 
As yet, in Canad", the function of the 
nurse in industrial plants is not always 
well understood either by the managers 
of industry or even by the nurses them- 
selves. This book would serve as an inter- 
preter. It has, however, other uses. It 
should be carefully read by all principals 
of schools of nursing in order that the 
basic requirements of this important 
hranch of nursing may be understood, 
and it should be placed in the library of 
every school in order that student nurses 
may early reali 4 e the unexplored possi- 
hilities of the field of industrial nursing. 

THERAPEUTICS, by Maude B. Muse, 
R.N., A.M., Teachers College, Colum- 
hia University, New York City. 627 
pages; 71 illustrations. Price, $3.25. 
London and Philadelphia: W. B. Saun- 
ders Company. Canadian Agents: Mc- 
Ainsh & Co. Limited, Toronto. 
This text is a well written composite 
showing the relationship of physiology 

and chemistry to pharmacology, and of 
the latter to the art of nursing. The suh- 
ject matter is.comprehensive and methodi- 
cally arranged. Each chapter presents the 
drugs affecting a particular system and 
the sequence of systems is similar to that 
found in most texts of anatomy and 
physiology for nurses. Miss Muse has 
preceded the presentation of drugs, in chapter, by an excellent review of 
the physiology of the system being 
studied. A splendid review in the form 
of summaries, true-false yuestions, and 
out-of-class questions, completes each 
chapter. The impression gained in read, 
ing each chapter is, that it is a very well 
prepared lesson, also that Miss Muse de- 
sires to inspire the pupil to endeavour to 
reason the therapeutic and toxic effects of 
drugs and to overcome "rôte immuniza- 
tion." Emphasis is laid upon pharma- 
cology and therapeutics. It is a delight to 
see the pupil's obligation to the patient 
emphasized: "If the pulse rate drops be- 
low 60 the nurse must report it at once 
and give no more digitalis without fur- 
ther orders. Preparations of digitalis are 
given between meals and in plenty of 
water, as the t

ste is bitter and irritating 
to mucous membranes." There is an ap- 
pendix containing some definitions, inter- 
esting historical data, and chemical for- 
mulæ. Above all, the book is written from 
an educator's viewpoint. It attempts to 
arouse a sense of enquiry in the pupil. It 
is recogni 4 ed thl1t much is being added 
yearly, and much discarded, consequently, 
the nurse as a public servant must keep 
.lbreast of the times. Altogether the book 
is an excellent one. It should prove a jov 
to instructors and a rich reference source 
for pupils. 
Assistant Instructor of Nurses, 
Montreal General Hospital. 

VOL. XXX, No. 2 

Notes From the National Office 

Contributed by JEAN S. '" ILSON. Reg. N., Executive Secretary. 

III Memoriam 
At d meeting of the E""ecutive Com- 
mittee of the Canadian Nurses Associa- 
tion, held In December, the members re- 
corded the deep loss experienced by the 
Association through the death of Miss 
Mrtry Agnes Snively, the revered and 
heloved Founder and Honorary President 
of the Canadian Nurses Association, who 
also was the first president and a life 
member of our national organization. A 
committee was appointed to give con' 
slderation to a memorial to Miss Snively 
hy the C.N.A. The members of this com- 
mittee are: Miss M. F. Hersey, Miss Jean 
1. Gunn, Miss E. MacP. Dickson, with 
Miss Jedn E. Browne as convener. 

Approved Schools 
For the past decade there has been 
availahle at the National Office a list of 
the approved schools of nursing in Can- 
dda as recognized by the provincial Reg- 
istered Nurses Associations: that is, 
schools of nursing whose graduates are 
eligible as candidates for the provincial 
eXdminations for registration. With the 
assistance of the provincial reg
strars this 
list is revised annually at headquarters. 
It is most gratifying to be able to an- 
nounce that, during 1933, there was a 
decrease in the total number of schools 
of nursing in Canada amounting to eleven 
per cent as compared with a similar list 
for the previous year. In the province of 
Saskatchewdn the decrease reached the 
astonishing record of forty per cent. This 
progressive step, which only a few 
years ago would have seemed incredible, 
is principally the result of important 
changes made, by the Legislature, in the 
l regulations for Saskatchewan. 
The members of the Sask.ltchewan Regis- 
tered Nurses Association dre to }--Ie can' 
r.ltulated in securing this legislative co- 
oper.ition III m.lking effective certain 
recl)mmend.ltH)]ls from the Report of the 
I EßRUARY, 1934 

Survey of Nursing Educdtion in C.lnad... 
Other provincial associations, whose ef- 
forts toward the elimination of nursing 
schools in hospitdls which dre und}--lle to 
provide the required theory and practice 
field for the education of the student 
nurse, are those in British Colum}--llcl. 
where fourteen per cent of the schools 
were closed between 1932 and 1933, and 
in Ontario: where the decrease amounts 
to eighteen per cent. Probably the leaven 
of the Survey Report is working better 
than is redlized by the majority of the 
members of the C.N .A. 
One Way Ollt 
There are occasions when the steel of 
one's courage seems to lose its temper as 
uncertainty and discouragement block 
the trail ahead. At such times optimism 
is re,established by the ;t ppearance of a 
ng light from which there is reflect- 
ed the determination and fortitude of a 
smdl1 group. Reports of the interchdnge 
of nurses scheme. as formulated and in' 
stituted by the Manitoba Association of 
RegIstered Nurses, portray graphically 
that registered nurses in thJt Province are 
putting forth an heroic effort to alleviate 
unemployment within their profession. 
During the General Meeting, 
Nurses Association. 1932, a resolution 
was accepted which read: 
In order that the experience in the small 
hospital, which is undoubtedly of value to 
the nmse in fulfilling her responsibilities to 
the community after she graduates, may not 
be lost, it is recommended that a comprehen' 
sive plan be formulated whereby such oppor- 
tunities may be adequately utilized in post 
graduate work, .1I1d through a sy!=tem of 
interchange of nurses, within the Dominion 
of Candda. . 
Did Manitoh.l c.ltch the gle.w1? The 
interchdngc of nurses committee of the 
tv1.A.R.N. }--Iccame definitely active in 
Fc}--lru.lry. 1933: the co-oper.ltion of all 
schools of nursing in the Province \\'.l' 
"ought. .1Ild 
upl'rintl'ndent' of nineteen 



hospitals were informed of the recom- 
mendations brought forward by the nurs- 
ing education section. The development 
of the scheme evolved as follows: Four 
superintendents of nurses co-operated 
with the committee in offering to accept 
students for postgraduate work during 
April, and one superintendent made a 
similctr offer for June. It was stipulated 
that the length of the course should he 
three months. The transportation ex 
nses of participants in the scheme were 
horne hy the Manitoba Association of 
Registered Nurses, in addition to the 
monthly allowance of ten dollars granted 
hy the Association to each student. Cer 
tain elective courses were offered by 
schools in larger hospitals and applicants 
were recommended by their respective 
schools of nursing. 
In the spring of 1933 the M.A.R.N. 
phced sufficient funds at the disposal of 
the mten:hange committee to finance the 
participation of eighteen students in the 
scheme. In September, 1933, an addi- 
tional grant was made available for a 
second group of the same number of 
students. During the summer the Asso' 
cÌ<1tion offered a prize for the best essay 
written by a participant in the scheme 
and excerpts from four of these sum' 
m.trize the following advantages: 
The graduate of a school of nursing con- 
nected with a small hospital has the privilege 
of postgraduate study and practice in the 
large departmental institution and, in the 

mall hospital, the student from a large institu- 
tion finds unlimited scope for improvization 
,md application of theories and technique.. 
she had already learned. Such an interchange 
not only tends to broaden the professio!lal 
mind of the mdividual but creates a bond of 
sympathetic co-operation between large and 
small institutions. 
An individual appreciation is created of the 
tangible and intangible benefits derived f ro:n 
belonging to a professional organization. 
The interchange programme offers oppor- 
tlll11ty for training and experience in special 

uch as tllberculo
 and paediatric 
ing. The experience thus gained fosters 
thoughtful comparison of nursing methods. 
The participant is assured of full main- 
tendnce provided hy the hospital during th!: 
three months period, as welI as of a small 
finanCIal re-imbursement from the Manitoo<1 
A.ssociation of Registered Nurses. 
Such words from the pens of students 
who have actually participated in the 
scheme give overwhelming evidence that 
the two-fold objective of expanding the 
education of each individual student and 
relieving unemployment has heen, and is, 
realistically being attained. 
Gelleral Meeting, 1934 
It is antic;pated there will be an unusu' 
ally large attendance at the Seventeenth 
General Meeting of the C.N.A. which is 
to be held in the Royal York Hotel, To' 
ronto, from June 25th to 30th, 1934. The 
Ninth Annual Meeting of the Registered 
Nurses Association of Ontario is to take 
place on Monday, June 25th. It is ad; 
visahle that reservation for accommoda, 
tion he made early. The Committee on 
Arrangements have supplied the follow' 
ing information on hotel rates. Except 
where indicated, rooms with h
 th are 
Lluoted, also the quotdtion given for 
douhle rooms is per person (S. - single 
room: D.. 
douh1e room). 
Royal York Hotel: S. $3.50: D. $3.00. 
King Edward Hotel: S. $2.50, $3.f)0, $3.:;:': 
D. $2.00, $2.50, $3.00. 
Westminster Hotel: 210 Jarvi:, Street- S. 
$2.50; D. $2.00 (European plan, tea room and 
dining room in connection). 
Hotel \Vaverley: 488 Spadina Avenllc-- 
S. $2.50, $3.00, or with hot and cold water 
only, $2.00; D. $2.00, $2.50, $3.00, or with 
hot and cold water only, $1.50, $1.75. 
Y.W.C.A.: 76 Pembroke Street and 18 Elm 
Street- Bed and breakfast, $1.00, $1.. 1 0: 
Room and meals, $1.50, $2.00. 
Those wishing convent accommodation 
should write to Rev. Sf. Superior, St. 
Michael's Hospital, Bond Street, Toronto. 

VOL. XXX, No. 1 


Nc:\\s items mtended for publication in the ensuing issue must reach the Journal not later than the eighth of tho 
prcceding month. In order to cnsurc accuracy all contributions should bl" tvpc
ritten and double-spaced. 


EDMO:>ÒTON: Evenings of unusual lOterest 
have recently been enjoyed by well-attended 
meetings of the Edmonton Nurses Association. 
Dr. Oliver of the Department of Pathology, 
University of Alberta, told of hIS summer in 
Spain, spent in the clinics following up research 
work on brain tumor. In November, Dr. 
Hepburn spoke on the advancement made in 
hrain surgery and the life-saving possibilitie
now in view that yesterday were deemed im- 
possible. The winter programme, planned by 
the nursing education section, includes a series 
uf demonstrations and discussions on nursing 
procedures as practised in the different hos- 
pitals of the city with a view to adopting as 
uniform a system as possible. The Alumnae 
Society of the School of Nursing of the Royal 
Alexandra Hospital have as their special work 
the knitting of garments for the V.O.N., to 
be used in thcir work among needy families. 
BRAN"DON: The Brandon Graduate Nurses 
Association held their monthly meeting on 
Dec. 5. when forty-eight nurses were present. 
The meeting was in charge of the Down Town 
Group. Miss J. Munroe, convener, introduced 
Miss Eli
abeth Russell, superintendent of the 
Provincial Public Health NurslOg Department. 
Her subject was "Public health at home and 
abroad", and was very ably presented. We 
could not help but see how far ahead Britain 
is in public health measures and how Canada 
has fallen down. The recalling of twenty-six 
public health nurses is a real disaster and is 
costing the country thousands of dollars. Epi- 
demics are breaking out in out-lying districts 
and nurses and doctors have had to be sent In 
by aeroplane to combat disease. Miss M. Gem- 
mell moved a vote of thanks to Miss Russell 
dnd a social hour followed. 
WINNIPEG: Miss Gena E. Bamfurth (\\'.G. 
H., 1932), is at present enrolled in the po
graduate course in diabetic nursing conducted 
under the direction of Dr. E. P. JoslIn, at thc 
New England Deaconess Hospital, Boston, 
SAINT JOHN: Two New Brunswick nurs
.lre included among those mentioned in the 
New Year's honour list. Miss N.ln Estabrouk 
uf Saint John, and Mrs. Ross of Riley Brook. 
Victoria Co.. have both been named membero; 
of the Order of the British Empire. 
Saint John nurses mourn the death, on 
c. 7, of Dr. G. F. Emery. In his passing 
we lo
c a piuneer wh., JiJ mu.::h to l'o,;taHi..h 

HßRl1ARY, 1934 

the Sdlllt John General Huspital Training 
School for 1\' urses, the third school of nurs' 
ing to be urgani
ed in Canada. 
On behalf of the Alumnae Association of 
the Saint John General Hospital, Santa Claus 
presented a radio to the student nurses at a 
Christmas party held on Dec. 12, when the 
nursing staff and students were guests of the 
intermediate class. Members of the Alumnae 
:\ssociation who were ill in hospital were 
remembered at Christmas time with gifts. 
Miss Mary Murdoch (S.J.G.H.) of the 
Department of Indian Affairs is in Muncey, 
Ontario, for the winter. Miss Helen Cahill 
(S.J.G.H.) has successfully completed a post- 
graduate course at thc Children's Memorial 
The meeting of the Alumnae Association of 
St. Joseph's Hospital was held on Dec. 12, 
and plans were made for a gift to a sick mem- 
ber at the Saint John Tuberculosis Hospital. 
A gift will also be sent to each member of 
this year's graduating class. 
Miss Leola Richardson resigned as super- 
visor of child welfare nurses and was married 
in August. Her successor is Miss Martina 
Wallace, who was appointed by the Board of 
Health, with Miss Zetta White as assistant. 
Sympathy is extended to Miss Martha Fra- 
ser in her bereavement. 
MARRIED: Miss Mary C. Harrington (S.J. 
G.H., 1919) to Mr. John McDonald. Mr. and 
Mrs. McDonald are residing at 1298 Common- 
wealth Ave., Allston, Mass. 
ST STEPHEN: The St. Stephen Chapter of 
the N.B.A.R.N. met on Dec. 1:- .It the home 
of the president, Miss M. McMullen. An 
instructive paper on the "Truby King Method 
of Infant Feeding" was read by Miss Jes
Murray. Refreshments and a social hour fol- 
lowed the meeting. Miss Viola Floyd (C.M.H.. 
1930), is confined to her home in Apohaqui 
with an injured knee. Miss Ha
el Darker of 
the C.M.H. staff is spending her vacation at 
her home in Island Brook, Que. Mi

Clark is relieving. The many friends of Miss 
Florence Cunningham of the C.M.H. staff 
are sorry to hear of her illncss. Mis
 H. Dyke 
man, director of public health nursing for 
Kew Brunswick, was a recent visitor to St 
Stephen. Much sympathy is extended to 
Myrtle Dunbar in the passing of her mothcr 
MARRH'D: On Jan. 1, 1934, in St. Stephen, 
1\li:>s Helcn G. Mowatt (C.M.H., 1926) to 
?vir. Cedric H. Dinsmore. 
 fOCi-. Tlw monthly mcct1l1
 of th(" 
:\llImn:H' .-\..
'" 1.llion of the T r. FI


'-, ) 


Memorial Hospital was held on Dec. 19, and 
after the regular business was discussed, deli- 
cious refreshments were served. 


LONDON: The regular meeting of the On- 
tario Hospital Alumnae Association was held 
on Jan. 7, with Miss Williams in the chair. 
It was decided that the Association would 
take share in the entertainment at the annual 
meeting of District 1, R.N.A.O., to be held 
in the hospital on Jan. 27. A resume of 
Dr. Weir's book will be given by Miss F. R. 
Ball. It was arranged to hold a card party in 
the junior nurses' home on Feb. 8, when the 
raffle for a quilt will be drawn, proceeds of 
same to go to the Florence Nightingale Fund 
in the British College of Nurses in England. 
Donations were voted to the Milk Fund, to 
the War Memorial Children's Hospital, thf" 
Day Nursery and the V.O.N. The members 
were entertained at lunch by Mrs. E. D. Gros- 
venor, Misses Kennedy and Lindsay assisting. 

BRANTFORD: Mrs. Andrews (Clara Kelly, 
B.G.H., 1921) entertained a number of her 
classmates recently. Those present were: Miss 
E. Miller, Miss F. Westbrook, of Ann Harbor, 
Michigan; Miss J. Edmondson, Miss I. Martin 
and Miss J. M. Wilson. Miss M. McCormack, 
who is the superintendent of the Stevenson 
Memorial Hospital, Alliston, Ont., Miss A. 
Mair, of Brooklyn, N.Y., and Miss Reta Gra- 
ham of Brampton, were holiday visitors in 
Brantford. Miss E. M. McKee has returned 
from a visit to Knowlton, Quebec. Sixteen 
candidates from the school of nursing of the 
Brantford General Hospital wrote the regis- 
tration examinations. All were successful. 
GUELPH: The seven candidates from the 
school of nursing of the Guelph General Hos- 
pital who took the recent registration examina- 
tions were all successfu1. The Alumnae Asso- 
ciation held a dance recently in aid of the 
l'\ssociation funds and of the permanent educa- 
tion fund. Through the kindness of the 
Board of Commissioners, the staff and student 
nurses and their friends held an enjoyable 
Christmas dance on Dec. 27. A Christmas tree 
and a visit from Santa Claus took place in the 
residence for the student nurses. Ten of th(' 
newly capped nUrses presented Dickens' 
"Christmds Caro1." Miss Bingeman, of the 
Freeport Sanitarium, president of Districts ::! 
and 3, R.N.A.O., held a conference recently 
with Miss B. MacDonald, convener of the 
membership committee, and discussed plan<; 
(or a memhership campaign. Miss Loreen Sin- 

clair relieved un the hospital 
taff for Miss 
Watson who was on sick leave. Miss McEwen 
also relieved for two weeks. 

TORONTO: The monthly meetmg of the 
Alumnae Association of the School of Nurs- 
ing of the Toronto Western Hospital was 
held on Nov. 11, when Miss Smellie, Chief 
Superintendent of the Victorian Order of 
Nurses, gave a very interesting account of 
maternal nursing in Poland. 
Miss Marjorie A. Rutherford, of Mount 
Furest, has been appointed to the public health 
nursing staff of the Ontario Department of 
Health. Miss Rutherford is a graduate of 
Victoria Hospital, London, and the Public 
Health Nursing course at the University of 
Western Ontario. Miss Rose Hally, of the 
Ontario Department of Health Nursing Staff, 
has been transferred from the Cochrane area 
to the eastern counties. Miss Hally has been 
in the Cochrane district for several years 
where a generalized service was carried on. 

KINGSTON: The Perth branch of District 
7, R.N.A.O. held an enjoyable tea at the 
home of Mrs. A. H. McLaren. The proceeds 
will be devoted to the permanent education 
fund. Miss Alice Cain (K.G.H.) is taking 
a post'graduate course in the X-ray depart- 
ment of the Kingston General Hospital. 
MARRIED: On Jan. 4, 1934, at Finch, Miss 
Eva Blanche MacMartin (K.G.H.) to Mr. 
Angus MacMillan. 
MARRIED: On Dec. 25, 1933, at Kingston, 
Miss Leonia J. Joyner (K.G.H.) to Mr. Mer- 
vin Hambly. 
SUDBlJRY: The newly elected officers of 
the Alumnae Association of St. Joseph's Gen- 
eral Hospital, Sudbury, are: Hon. president, 
Rev. Sr. Phillippe; president, Miss Anne Gos' 
san: vice-president, Miss Simone Trudel: 
recording secretary, Miss Agnes Asam; treas- 
urer, Miss J ulittte Fortin; social convener. 
Mrs. Robt. Stevens; corresponding secretary, 
Miss Ina Ritari. 
MARRIED: In October, at Copper Cliff. 
Miss Gladys Adams to Mr., Victor Piccini. 
of ('opper Cliff. 

PORT ARTHUR: The annual meeting of 
District 10, R.N.A.O., was held on Dec. 7 
in the General Hospital, Port Arthur. Mrs. 
F. W. Edwards presided and extended her 
appreciation to the speakers and to those who 
had entertained at meetings held during the 
ye,tr. Those who gavc in<;tnlCti\c aJdre<;",', 

VOL. XXX, Nn. 1 


were: Dr. Ballantyne, Dr. Blatchford, Dr. L. 
D. Wilson and Dr. H. J. Ferrier. Papers were 
given by Miss McTavish and Miss Hamilton, 
and the nurses entertained Miss Eliz.abeth 
Smellie, superintendent of the V.O.N., 
dnd Miss Ethel Johns, editor of 'The Canadian 
Nurse. Plays were presented by pupils of 
the Pine Street School and skits by Sunday 
school pupils under the direction of Mrs. E. 
C. Edwards. The MacKellar Hospital nurses 
also put on a most entertaining skit. Miss 
Vera Lovelace, the new president, took the 
chair at the conclui-ion of the meeting. The 

taff nurses of the Port Arthur General Hos. 
pital were later hostesses at a pleasant social 

MUKTREAL: Miss Margaret M. Smith (
G.H., 1933) has just left Montreal to take 
a post'graduate course of one year in psy' 
chiatric nursing at the Ontario Hospital, 
Whitby. Miss Grace I. McConnell and Miss 
Doris I. Michie (both M.G.H., 1933) have 
been appointed to the hospital staff in Temis' 
kaming. Mi<:s Louise Stedham (M.G.B" 
1930) sailed from Halifax on Dec. 30, in 
order to make her home with her parents in 
MARRIED: On Jan. 6, 1934, at Montreal. 
MIss Alice Myrtle Murphy (M.C.H.. 1932) 
to Mr. Francis Francis. 
MONTREAL: Miss Mary E. Ste"enson, who 
has been assistant superintendent of the Mont' 
real Branch of the Victorian Order of Nurses 
during the last four years, has retired and for 
the future will reside in Bournemouth, Eng' 
land. Prior to her war !'ervice, she held super' 
visory and executive positions with the 
"Queen's" in England and was therefore well 
fitted to enter the V.O.N. when, in 1919, 
she arrived in Canada. During the following 
eight years, she did very successful work, first 
with th
 national office of the V.O.N.. dS 
superintendent of the central district, and 
later as superintendent in the Maritime Prov- 
inces. While exceedingly sorry to have her 
leave them, Miss Stevenson' s friends i 11 Mont' 
real, and elsewhere in Canada, join in best 
wishes and hope that she will enjoy her wel\- 
earned re"t in her new bungalow by the SCd, 
QUEBEC: The graduate nurses of the st.df 
of the Jeffrey Hale Hospital were at home to 
all the graduate nurses of the city from four 
to six o'clock on New YCdr's ddY. About fortv 
nurses attended and enjoyed a plea
ant after- 
noon. On Anni
tice ddY. Nursing Si
tcr H. 
acKay, representing the Canoldian Legion. 
placed a wreath of poppies on the monument 
erected to the memory of \Ctcran<: who fell 
in the South African W:II. 

rFHRlTARY, 1934 


 ^: Saskatchewan nurses are mu.::h 
pleased at the inclusion of the name of Mi..... 
Ruby M. Simpson in the New Year honour 
list. Their feeling was enthusiastically express- 
ed at the January meeting of the Regina 
Branch by Miss Jean McDonald, a member 
of the council of the provincial association. 
Miss Simpson is a past president of the Regina 
Branch and is now its first vice'president. She 
has been a member of the Council of the Sas' 
katchewan Registered Nurses Association for 
the past twelve years, for five years was it
president, and has been untiring in her effort'> 
for the welfare of nurses and nursing. 
The private duty section of the Saskatche' 
wan Registered Nurses Association, Regina 
Branch, was re,organhed in December with 
the following officers: Chairman, Miss Helen 
Jolly: vice'chairman, Miss Freda Ratner; 
secretary, Miss Dorothy Bowie; executive, 
Miss M. Goldsmith, Miss H. McCallum. Af. 
a result of the efforts of Regina nurses the 
following amounts were raised in November 
and December, 1933, for the purpose of pro' 
viding employment for nurses: proceeds of 
raffle, $193.00; proceeds of dance, $180.00: 
proceeds of bridge (R.G.H. Alumnae) $84.00. 
During the period December, 1932, to Decem' 
bel'. 1933, $1,388.00 was expended by the 
Regina Branch, Saskatchewan Registered 
Nurses Association, for this purpose. Con' 
tributions to this fund were received fro:n 
the Alumnae Associations to the schools of 
inc: of the Regina General and the Grev 
Nuns Hospital. The employment committee 
of the Saskatchewan Registered Nurses Asso, 
ciation reports eight nurses placed in small 
ince the fi rst of December. Miss 
Helen Wtlls, Regina, is chairman of this com' 
mittel'. Miss Margaret Ross (R.G.H., 19
has been appointed secretary'treasurer and 
registrar of the Saskatchewan Regi
Nurses Association. Miss Iris Prior (R.G.H.. 
1931) has been doing relief work with the 
Victorian Order of Nurses, Regina. Miss E. 
J. Wood (R.G.H., 1924) has been appointed 
public health nurse for the town of Yorkton. 
MARRIED: On Oct. 5, 1933, Miss Janet E. 
MacPherson (R.G.H., 1930) to Mr. Roy 
tow, of Strong field. 
MARRIED: On Oct. 28, 1933. Mi
s Reta 
N. Cuddie (R.G.H., 1932) to Mr. Glenville 
M. Haggerty, of Stoney Beach. 
MARRlrn: On Nov. 15. 1933, Mi
s Eli::.a- 
beth Mary Crace Webster (R.G.H.. 19
 1 ) 
to Mr. Frank N. Perkins, of Lang. 
MARRIED: On Nov. 18, 1933, Mi..s Jean 
Marion Campbell to Mr. Arthur L. Campbell. 
Mr. and Mr<;. ('.tmp,",t'1J will re...ide in Lon' 
don. nnt. 


EDMONTON: On April 27, 1920, a number 
of nur!'ing sisters met for the purpose of 
or the Overseas Nursing Sisters Club 
uf Edmuntun. Our chief reasun fur org.mi::.' 
ing was to continue the fellowship of those 
who served overseas during the great war, and 
tu help one another should the occasion arise. 
Our first officers were N.S. H. B. Acton, 
president; N.S. Marion Flavette, vice'presi, 
dent; N.S. Jessie Chinnek, secretary'treas' 
urer. Our first roll had a membership uf 
forty,four sisters, with one honorary member, 
Mrs. John Lee, who has since passed on. Each 
year the club has raised funds for "Christmas 
Cheer" for the returned men in outlying dis' 
tricts. During the first five years these funds 
were raised by holding dances, teas and 
bridges but since that time members have 
contributed privately. Special efforts have 
en made, such as a contribution toward sup' 
plies for the new wing of the Royal Alexandra 
Hospital in 1922, and in 1925, a donation to 
the Kiwanis Children's Home. One of our 
members, Miss McQuaig, has been for some 
time the matron of that home. In November, 
1922, this club became an honorary member 
of the G.N,V.A. and members were presented 
with membership pins. In 1923, MatlOn,in, 
chief Margaret MacDonald did us the honour 
uf becoming our honorary president. In Feb, 
ruary, 1923, we accepted membership in the 
Last Post Fund Association. In 1926 we 
were represented at the unveiling of the tablet 
to the Nursing Sisters who gave their lives !n 
the great war. Funds are on hand toward 
the proposed cenotaph for Edmonton. which 
we earnestly hope may soon materiali
e. We 
believe we were the first club of its kind to 
organiz;e in Canada, and are justly proud. 
hut many towns and cities have long enjoyed 

imilar privileges and now we have an All 
Canada Association. We have had as our 
guests Dame Maude McCarthy, Matron'in- 
chief of the British Expeditionary Force, and 
other nurses of war fame like Miss Eliz.abeth 
Smellie, R.R.C., and Miss A. J. Hartley. Our 
membership has varied from time to time. 
some have gone away, many have married, 
.lnd some cue in our own "Flanders fields", 
tiJI we hoa;;t of ahollt thirty,three mem- 

bers, with a fair showing of original members. 
To commemorate Armistice day and to cele' 
brate the thirteenth anniversary of our orgam, 
zation, we held our annual dinner on Nov. 
8 at the MacDonald Hotel. Miss Jessie Chin' 
nek, the president, proposed the toast to the 
King and Mrs. G. G. Stewart toasted our 
president. Miss E. Robinson proposed a toast 
to the club and Miss Munroe responded. 
AmusIng experiences overseas were described 
by Mrs. Morrison and Mrs. C. Chinnek. A 
review of the club's activities since its incep' 
tion was read by Mrs. C. F. Greenwood. A 
comedy skit was presented by Mrs. J. Turner 
and Mrs. A. Taylor, and Mrs. C. E. McManus 
and Mrs. J. O. Baker entertained with music. 
Among those present were: Mrs. C. C. Bur' 
field (a guest from Vancouver), Mrs. R. Lees, 
Mrs. P. M. James, Miss C. McKay, Miss I. 
McQuaig, Miss A. McNeish, Mrs. R. Nichols, 
Mrs. R. W. Rosser, Mrs. J. W. Ross, Mrs. 
R. M. Shaw, Mrs. J. H. Sandilands. 
VANCOUVER: The members of the Van' 
couver Unit of the Overseas Nursing Sisters 
Association held their annual Armistice dinner 
Nov. 11. Over sixty women, whose commO!l 
bond is active service to their country during 
the years of the world war, gathered about 
tables adorned with great brass shell cases 
filled with yellow chrysanthemums, in the 
glow of tall yellow tapers in brass candlesticks. 
Seated at the head table were the president, 
Miss Jane Johnston, and Miss Louise Mc, 
Donald of Victoria, Miss Matheson, Mrs. 
Shepherd, Miss Mary McLane, Mrs. Bradford 
Heyer, Miss B. McNair, Miss K. Conway 
Jones and Mrs. F. W. Crickard. The con- 
vener for the affair was Mrs. A. E. Cunning, 
ham and the guests were piped in to dinn;r 
by Pipe,MaJor Gordon Ross, who later played 
the lament for the Sisters who died overseas. 
A musical programme was given by Miss 
Phoebe Senkler, Mrs. Betty Warren and Mr. 
L. J. Cotton. 
Following the toast to the King, out'of,town 
members were welcomed by Mrs. F. W. 
Crickard. Miss L. McDonald responding. A 
pleasing incident was a visit from Col. G. C. 
Johnston, Col. W. W. Foster, and Mr. Carr 
of the 2nd eM.R., whm:c hanqllet was being 
VOL. xxx, No. 2 


held in an adjourning room, Colonel Johnston 
extending greetings from his unit, and Co\. 
Foster paying a tribute to the service of the 
..isters overseas. Miss Laura Holland replied 
,md later in the evening the nursing sisters 
paid a short visit to the Riflemen's banquet 
Among out-of,town guests were, Miss A. 
Fornes, Miss M. Hodge and Miss Franks of 
Victoria; Mrs. J. Gibb of Duncan, and Miss 
Morrice of North Vancouver. City member<; 
attending included: Miss E. Goldburn, Mrs. 
G Arrelbe, Miss E. Cameron, Miss D. Jef, 
ferson, Miss F. Baker, Mrs. R. E. Coleman 
(Molly Muir), Miss E. Lumsden, Miss B. 


Bennett, Mi!>s M. Duffield, Mrs. .-'\. \V. Lang, 

iss H. Rice, Miss O. Bentley, Miss S. Hea, 
ney, Miss F. McDiarmid, Mis
 P. Stewart. 
s 1. Brand, Mrs. A. W Hunter, Mrs. C. 
McDermid, Mrs. ]. Ro..e, Mrs. J. R. Bayne. 
 E. .\1artin, Mi
s H Stark, Miss D. Oli, 
vcr, Mrs. H. Black, Miss H. Munslow, Mi
M. Steele, MIss B. Swann, Mrs. J. M. Brough, 
Mrs. J. McCahe, Miss A. Stewart, Miss H. 
Bayne, Mrs. King,Brown, Miss K. Panton, 
Mrs. G. Stead, Miss Hirst, Mrs. J. H. Mat' 
thews, Miss 1. Simms, Miss Fairchild, \1rs. 


ßEC'KEET.- The death occurred, in Toront\>, 
on Oct. 19, 1933, of Miss Bertha Beckeet. 
who previously had made her home with 
her cousin, the Rev. J. L Rose, in Mil!. 
town, New Brunswick, and had greatly 
deared herself to the people of that cor.;.- 

EAST\VOOD.-On December 16, 1933, the 
death occurred, in Toronto, of Miss Char- 
lotte E. Eastwood who, from 1898 until 
her retirement in 1913, was district superin- 
tendent of the Victorian Order of Nurses 
in Toronto. Miss Eastwood was born in 
1851 in Hamilton, Ontario, and graduated 
in 1887 from the School of Nursing of 
Bellevue Hospital, New York. For some 
years she engaged in district nursing in 
Chicago and, at the time of her appointment 
to the Victorian Order, a district training 
home was established in Toronto with an 
enrolment of one "prohationer." While on 

leave of absence, prior to 1913, Miss Ed'it 
wood visited in England where she had a 
pleasant contact wIth the Queen's nurses 
and with Lady Aberdeen at her home in 
Scotland. During recent years she made 
her home with her sister, Mrs. John Caver., 
and many of the Toronto staff nurse.' 
visited her to give nursing care as the 
necessity arose. The first nurse to be ass," 
ciated with Miss Eastwood was Mi:>s Annie 
Brown, who with Miss Campbell, district 
superintendent of the V.O.N., and 
long'service staff nurses, attended the fune' 
ral. Miss Eastwood was buried wearing th(' 
medal of the School of Nursing of Bellevue 

PORTER.-Suddenly at Saint John, N.R.. 
Dec. 31, 1933, Mrs. Donald Porter (néc 
Marguerite Christie, M,G.H., 19:!6), wife 
of Dr. Donald Porter, of S,unt John. N.n 

We t('a
e and whis/,eT awhile, but the day gone b.\,. 
silence a.nd .deer li
t' fields of a.maranth lie. 

rr-ßRUARY. IQJ4 



International Council of l';urses: 
Secretary, :\Iiss Christiane Rpimann, 14 Quai des Eau'i:-\ï\es. Ceneva, Switzerland 

Presiden t 
First \ïce- Presiden t 
Second Vice-President 
Honorary Secretary 
Honorary Treasurer 

\1 iss F, H. :\1. Emory. 1; niversity of Toronto, Toronto, Ont. 
:\Iiss R. :\1. Simpson, Parliament Bldgs., Regina, Sask. 
:\1 iss C. :\1. Bennett, Ottawa Civic Hospital. Ottawa. Ont. 
ora :\loore, City Hall, Room 309, Toronto, Ont. 
:\liss :\1. :\Iurdoch, St. John r.eneral Hospital. Saint John, 

Numerals precpdino names ill'licate ..[fice held, vi : (1) Presidenf, Prm'incial Nurses Association; (2) Chairman, 
N,tr81'no Education Section; (3) Chairman, Public Health Section; (4) Chairman, Private Duty SectÙm. 

\Iberta: (11 
li8s F. 
lunroe. Hoyal .\le....andra Hos- 
pital, Edmonton; (2) 
liRs ,I. ('onnal, General Hospi- 
tal, ('ahmr.v; (3) 
lifls B. .-\. Emerson, 604 Civil' 
Block. Eimonton; 141 
1 iss .J. ('low, 111
Ave., Edmonton. 
British Columbia: (I) 
I. F. Gray. Dept. of 

 ursing, Lni\'ersity of British Columbia, \ all('oU\ er; 
liss L. 
litl.hell, Royal Jubilee Hospital, Yil'- 
toria; (3) 
I. Duffield, I i5 Rroadway EaRt, 
\'anc,luver; (4) :\liSR :\1. :\lirfiekl, Beal'hl'roft :-i"urRinjl: 
I lome, Cook St., \ïl'toria. 
\lanltoba: (1) :\Iiss Jean HouRton, :\Iallito\>a Sana' 
inette; (2) 
1. C. 
1aI'donald, 66foi 
Bannatyne .\ ve., Winnipe
; (:J) 
Iisfl A. Laporte, 
orbert; (4) 
lisB I\.. 
ft-Callum, 181 Enfield 
"'e\\ Brunswick: \ 1) 
lisB -\. .J. 
lae:\laflter, :\Ionl'ton 
Hospital, :\loll(.ton; (2) f'i!'ter Cninne I\:err, HI tel 
Dietl HI sri tal, ('alllpbellton; on 
liSR .-\da Burns, 
Health C-'entre, Saint .John: (4) :\Ii:-:- :\Iabel :\11'- 

hlllen, :-'t. :-'tephen. 
,""ova Scotia: ,11 :\1 iRF- -\nne Slattery, Box 1 ï:
WindR Ir; (2) 
1I00mital, Dartmouth: (3) :\Iif!s .-\. Fdith Fenton. 
DalllJusie Health Clinic, :\Iorris ;oit., Halifax: (4 
:\Iif's Chr'Rline 
la('Leod, fli :-'outh Kline :-'t., IIalifa\.. 

Ontario: (1) ;\liss 
larjorie Buck, 
orfolk Hospital. 
:-'imcoe; (2) 
I. Jamieson, Peel :\lemorial 
Hospital, Rrampton; (3) 
'lr8. Ap:nes Hay
us8ex f't., Toronto; (4) Miss Clara Brown, 2:
I"-endal .-\ve., Toronto. 
Prince Edward Island: 1) :\li8s Lillian Pidgeon, 
Prince ('0. Hospital. 
lImmerside, (2) :\olis:! F. 
Lavers, Prill('e Co. Hospital, Summerside; (3) .Miss 
1. Gillan, 59 Grafton 
t., Charlottetown; (4) :\liRR :\1. 
Gamble, 51 .-\mbrl'se St.. Charlotteto....n. 
()uebec: II) 
I is!' C. Y. Rarrett, Royal \'il'toria Hos- 
lontreal; (2) 
lartha Batson, 
General Hospital, 
Iontreal; (3) :\olifS Marion Nash, 
1246 BiRhop St., :\1:ontreal; (4) 
ara Matheson, 
.-\pt. :!4, 2151 Linl'Oln Ave., :\1:ontreal 
Saskatchewan: (1). 
lisB Edith .-\mas, City Hospital. 
SaBkatoon; (2) 
lISS G. :\1. Watson, City Hospital, 
:-'aflkatoon; (3) 
1:rs. E. 
1. Feeny, Dept. of Publil' 
Health, Parliament Hldj?s.. Rep:ina; (4) :\liR8 :\1. R. 
ChiRholm, R05 ïth -\ve. 
., :-'askatoon. 


1:iss G. :\01. Fairley, Yar:coU\'e/' 
General Hospital, \'ancouver; Pl"HLIC HEALTH: :\o1iss 

1. :\loap:. 1246 Bishop St., :\Iontreal; PRIVATE 
DUTY: :\Iiss Isabel :\fadntof'h, Queensl'ourt .-\ pt. , 
ï5 Queen 
., Hamilton. 

Executive Secretary: 'Iiss Jean S. Wilson, National Office, 1411 Crescent St., 
\lontreal, P.O. 


liBS G. 
l. Fairley, Yanl'ouver General 
Hospital, \'allcouver; \.I(.E-f'HAIHM....N: :\li8R 
1. F. 
Gray, rniversity of Britiflh Columbia, \'anI'OUH'r; 

li!'s E. F. Upton. 
uite 221, 1:-196 
t. \Y {'st, Montreal; TRE_-\srRER: 'Iisf' 
Blanehe Anderson, Ottawa Ci\'ie HOf'pital, Ottawa. 
('m;NnLLORF.- Alberta: 
IiRf'.J. ConIlal, Gem'ral Hos- 
pital, Calgary. British Columbia: 
lisR L. 
I{oyal .Jubilee Hospital, \ïetoria. \lanltoba: :\Iisf' 
:\1. (', ;\Ial.douald, flß8 Bannatyne ..h'e.. \\ïnnipep:. 
New Brunswick: :-'iRter Corinne Kerr, Hot{'1 I>iell, 
Campbellton. Nova Scotia: 
Irs. :\lurray :\Iad\:ay, 

ova SI'otia HORPital. Dartmouth. Ontario: 
:-;. :\1, Jamieson, Peel :\lemorial Hospital, Brampton. 
Prince Edward Island: 
1. Lavers, Prince 
Co. Hospital, Summerside. ()uebec: Miss 
Bats ,n, :\lontreal General Ho"pital, :\Iontreal. Sas- 
Iiss G. 
1. \\'atson, City Hospital. 

askatoon. CON\ D,ER OF Pl"HLICATION!oo, :\liSR :\1. 

1. Reid, Winnipep: General Ho!'pital, \\ïnnipe

("HUUMAN: :\liRS Isabel :\Ial'lntnsh, Queensl'ourt Apt., 
75 Queen f't. 
., Hamilton; \'ICE-CH\IR'\I \N: 
Iullen, Bm. :J38, i't. 
tephen; :-:EC'RETAR1- 
TREA8L'RER: :\-Irs. Hc,Rp HeRs, 1:J9 Wellinp:ton 
COL'NCILLOR:<: Alberta: 
liFR .1. ('low, lIl;-!
.\ve., Edmnnt')n. British Columbia: :\liRB 
\lirfield, Hp31'Iwrnft 
 .lrRinp: II o III 1', \ïl'toria. 


liE!' 1\.. 
lcCallum, 181 Enfield ('res., 
ew Brunswick: :\liBs :\Iabel !\-fI'MuIIel', 
St. Stephen. Nova Scotia: :\Iiss Christine :\Iac Lend, 
lIuth Kline :--t., Halifax. Ontario: ;\Iiss Clara 
Brown, 23 Kendal ,-\ ve., Toronto. Prince Edward 
Island: :\-IiRR ;\1. Gamble, 51 .-\mbr. se St., Charlotte- 
town. Quebec: 
lil'fI Sara 
Iatheson, 2151 Lincoln 
Ave., :\Iontreal. Saskatchewan: :\-liss 1\1. R. Chis- 
holm, 805 7th -\ve. i'J., 
aRkatoon. CONVENFR OF 
P'....LI(''\.TIOSS: :\Iiss Jean Da\'idROII, PariB. 

('HAIIOI \:0;: :\Iif's 
I. :\Ioap:, 1246 BiRhop :-'t., 
\'ICE-CHAIRM.\N: Miss :\1. Kerr, 946 20th Ave. W., 
\'al\l'ouver; SE("RET.-\Ry-TREA8{;RER: l\1:iss l\lary 

lathewson, 464 
trathcona Ave., Westmount, P.Q. 
COLNCILLOR"- .\Ibí:rta: :\Iiss B. ,-\. Emerson, 604 
Civil' Rlock, Edmonton. British Columbia: :\-liss 
:\1. Duffield, 175 Broadway East, \'aneouver. 

Iiss .-\. 1 aprrte, 
t. Ncrbert. New 
IiR8 Ada Burns, Health Centre, 

aint John. Nova Scotia: :\lis8 A. Edith Fenton, 
Dalhousie Health Clinil', Morris St.. Halifax. 
fr". .\gnes Hayp:arth, 21 SUR."ex St., 
Toronto. Prince Fd\\ard Island: :\Ii:-s IlIa Gillan, 
59 Grafton :-:t.. Charlottetown. Quebec: l\liss 

Iarion Xash. 1246 Bishop St., :\lontreal. Sas- 
katchewan: :\oIrs. E. :\1. Feeney, Dept. of Public 
Health, Parliament Buildinvs, Regina. CONVENER 
OF Pr-HLICATINOF.: :\Irs. .-\J!:neR Hayp:arth, 21 Sussex 

t., Toronto. 

VOL. XXX, No. 2 



Provincial Association of Registered Nurses 



Alberta \ssociation of Re
Ustered '" urst.s 
President, :\Iiss F. :\1 un roe, Royal ,-\lexandra 
Hospital. Edmonton; First \"ice-President, :\Irs. de 
8atge, Holy ('ro!'s H. spital, Cal
econd Vice- 
President, :\Iiss S. :\Iacdonald, Gennal Hospital. 
ecretary- Treasurer-Re2Ïstrnr, :\Iiss Kate :-:. 
Brighty, Administration Building. Edmonton; ChaIr- 
men: NursÙtg Education Section, :\Iiss J. Connal, 
General Hospital. CalJ1;ary; Public Health Sec:tion. :\Iiss 
B. A. Emerson. 604 Civic Block, Edmonton; Primt#' 
Dlltll Sertion. :\lisR J. C Clo
. 111
R-82nd -\vp. 


Graduate Nurses .-\ssoclatlon of British Columbia 
President, M. F. Gray, 1466 \V. 14th Ave., Yancouver; 
First \"ice-President, E. G. Breeze; Second \ ice-Presi- 
dent, G. Fairley; Registrar, H. Randal, 516 \'ancouver 
Block, Vancouver; Secretary, :\1. Kerr, 516 Vancouver 
Block, Vancouver; ConlJeners of CummitteE8: Nursing 
Education, L. :\1 itchell, Royal Jubilee Hospital, \ïc- 
toria; Public Health, .M. Duffield, li5 Broad\\ay East. 
Vancouver; PrilJate Duty, :\Iiss :\1. :\Iirfield. Deachrroft 

ursing Home, Cook St., \ïctoria; Councillors. :\1. P. 
("amphell. :\1. Dutton. L. :\It'.-\lli!'<ter. K. :-:anderson. 

'I A

:\lanitoba Association of Re9,istered 
President, :\Iiss .Je1\n Houston, Ninette, :\Ian.; 
First Vice-President, :\1iss :\1. Reid, 
 UTSes Home, 
W G.H.. Winnire
; Second \ïce-President, :\Iiss Chris- 
ti'Ie :\lcI eod, General Hospital. Brandon; Third \ïce- 
President, Sister Krause, 
1. Boniface; HI.spital Board 
IiRses :\1. Lanl/:, K. W. Ellis, C. Taykr, I. 
:\lcDiarmid, :\1. :\Ieehan. E. :-:hirley, E. Carruthers, 
IcLearn, Sister Superior, :\-lisericordia H"spital; 
:O:ister St. .-\lbert, bt. Joseph's Hospital; :\Iiss .J. 
Purvis, pljrta
e la Prairie, General Hospital. Conl1eners 
"f St'ction.
: Nursing Education. :\Iiss :\1. C. :\Iacdonald, 
Central T. 13. ('linic, 668 Dannatyne .-\ ve., \\ïnnipeJl;; 
Public J1ealth. :\IisR ,-\. I aporte, 
t. Norbert. :\Ian.; 
Pril'ate Duty. :\Iiss K. McCallum, Ihl Enfield ('rescent, 

orwood, :\Ian. Conl1eners of Committees: I el/:islative. 
:\liss ('. Taylor; Directory. :\Iiss E. Carruthers; 
and ProJ1;ramme, :\Iiss C. Billyard; Sick \ïsitinJl;. 
.J. U. Hall; Treaaurer and HelÚstrar, Mrs. :-itella Gorrlon 
Kerr, iá
 \\- olseley -\ \'e., \\ïnnipeJl;. 


ew Bruns"ick Association of Registered Nurses 
Iiss A. J. :\lac:\laster, :\Ioncton Hospi- 
tal, Monf"ton; First \ïC"e-PreAident, :\Iiss :\Iarjl;an't 
econrl \ïl'e-Preøident. :\Iiss :\lyrtle E. 
Kay; Honorary 
ecretary, Hev. 
ister lienny; (' 
:\lemherA: :\Ii!lR Florenc'c ('oleman, :\liss II. 
. Dykp- 
man, :\lrs. A. G. \\'oodcopk, :\Iisf' Elsie 
1. Tullod.; 
Conreners: Public /lealth .'i.ctioll. :\li8R -\da -\. Hurnll; 
Pril1ate Ditty Section. :\liss :\label :\11':\luIlin; NltrsÙ1f/ 
Education Section. 
ister Kerr; Committee rom'eners: 
The Canadian .Vursf', :\Iiss Kathleen I a\\son; Consti- 
tution and Ry-r a\\A. :\liss :-;. E. Brophy; :-:el'retBry- 
Treasurer-rtel/:istrar, :\Iiss :\laude E. Hptallick, 26:! 
t. \\ est, 
aint John. 

"'\O\"A SCOfT\. 

istered ",urses \ssociation of :".o\a Scotia 
President, :\liBf' Anne :O:lattery. \\"indsor; First \ïl'p- 
President, :\liBll \ï..torill \\ïnslow. lIalifax ; :-'=el'ond 
\ïce-Pre!\i.lent. :\Iiss :\Iarifln Hoa, ;\I"e\\ Glüf'llo\\; 
Third \ïl'e-Pre!\ident. i'if'ter .-\nna :-'=eton. lIalifa\.; 
ecretary, :\lrs. Donald GiIlif'. 1:!
:-'t., Halifax; Treasurer and HeJl;istrar, \li
" I.. F. 
Fr'l!ll'r. 10 Ea..tprII TruI't BldJ!".. lIalifll"\, 

Re:>.lstered ",urses .\s
ociation of Ontario 
Incorporated 1915 
Preside lit. :\-liss Marjorie Bud", 
orfolk General 
imcoe; First \ïce-President, :\lis8 DI roth"\' 
Perey. Hm. 321 Jackson Bldg., Ott.awa; :-:econd \ïcè- 
ent, :\liss Constance Bre
ster. General HI spital, 
lIamiiton; Secretary- Treasurer, :\1 if's :\Iatilda E. 
FitzJ1;erald, 380 Jane St., Toronto; Chairman, Nurse 
Etlucation Section. Miss S. :\Iargaret Jamieson. Peel 
:\1 em orial Hospital, Brampton; Chairman. Prua!e 
Duty Section, :\Iiss ('lara Rro\\n, 23 Kendal ,-\H'.. 
Toronto; Chairman, Public lIealth Section, :\lrs. .-\ 
HaYl/:arth, Provineial Department of Health, Parlia- 
IIIpnt BldJ1;s., Torontu; Dlstrut No.1: ( hairman, :\lif'!'< 
Pris..illa Campbell. Public General III spital, (,hatham; 
liss bla ('urtis, 78 Fe rest :-1.. 
('hatham; Districts i! and .-j: ('hairman, :\Iiss A. E. 
Bingeman, Freept>rt 
anatf rium, Kitcherer; :-'ecretary- 
Treasurer, Miss Edith Jores. 253 Gren\\ích N., 
Rrantford; District No.4: (,hairman, 
Iiss Constance 
Rre\\ster, General Hcspital, Hamilton; :-'=ecretary- 
Treasurer, :\Irs. Eva Barlow, 211 
tinson 8t., Hall.iltcn; 
District No. õ: (,hairman, :\liss Donthv :\1ickle- 
horough, Provincial Dept. of Health. Parliamer t 
Bldl/s., Torunto; :'ecretary- Tre::surer, :\li8S Irere 
\\' eirs, 198 :\Ianc r Road East. TI rt>nto; Di,.trict No.6': 
Chairman, :\lis8 He!en :\1. Anderson, 7G9 Water 
ecretary- Treasurer, :\liss D. rotby 
ieholls Hf'spital, Peterboro; District No.7: 
Chairman, :\Iiss Louise D. ,-\cton, General H,'''pital, 
Iiss Oli\ia Wilscn, 
General Hospital, Kinj?ston; Distrid Nfl. 8: Chairman. 
:\Iiss Dorothy Percy, Hm. 
:!l, .Jackson Hldl/:., Otta\\a; 
Secretary-Treasurer, :\liss A. G. Tanner. Ci\ ic H. sri- 
tal. Ottawa: District No.9: Chairman. :\-liRs Iiatherire 
:\lacKenzie, 155 :-:econd .-\\'e. \\ ., North Bay; :'eerptan'- 
Treasurer, Miss Robella Buchanan, 197 F'rst .-\\e. È., 

Lrth Bay; District No. 10: Chairman. :\lrs. :\Iarion 
Ed\\Brds, 226 N. Harold St.. FI rt \\ illiam; ::O:ecretar)'- 
Iiss Ethel :-:tewardson, :\1..Kell6r Gener:;l 
",'spital. Fort William. 

District 1'1:0. R Re
urses \s
of Ontario 

('hairman, :\Iiss D. :\1. Percy; \ï..e-Chalrman. :\lifS 
:\1. R. .\nderson; ::-\ecretary-TreBsurer, \Iiss -\. G. 
Tanner. Otta\\a (,i",ic Hcspital; Councillors, ::\IiSSfl' 
E. '- :\-lcIlraith, M. Graham, :\1. 
Iinn. .-\. Rrad). 
\1. Robertson, R. Pridmore; Conreners of Committeel!: 
\Iembership. Miss E. Rochon; Publicatinns, :\Ii"s 
E. C. :\Idlraith; NursÙIO Education. :\liss :\1. E. 
.-\dand; Prnate Duty, :\1 i!'.. .J. l.. (,hurl.h; Puhlit' 
lfrnlflr, \fiRs :\1. Rflbprtf'fln. 

Distrkt ,",0. to. Rep,istercd 
urst.'R .\sfociation 
of Ontario 

President, :\Iiss \". I o\"elace; \ïce-Pre..ident. :\11!'1" :\1. 
Ilamilton; :-:peretary-Treasurer. :\li"!1 E. :-'tewllrd"nn, 
\I..hellar General HfI"pital. F, rt \\ illhrn; COUlJl"ilh r..: 
"Ii!-" Jane HOl/:arth. :\liR!' :\1. \\allnc'e, :\liR" C. I emOll, 
:\lisR C. Chivers \\ïlson. \1if''' FllUlIliJl;an. \11,," Irpl'e 


I>rince FdMard Island Re
istcrcd ",urses 
PrNoident, :\Ii!lll I illian PldJ1;el))l, Prin,'p ("u. Ii. spItal, 
:-'ummersidp; \ïce-President, :\Ii..s :\1. I\.in
, CharlottE'- 
to\\ n Hospital; 
ecretary, :\1 iI's :\1. ('amphplI, R Grafton 
:'t., ('harlotteto\\n; Treasurer and Hel/:.strar,. :\Ii"" 
Fdna Green. 257 
t.. Charlotteto\\ n; .\ IIr""'1I 
H,'"oo/ion. :\lisA :\1. I a\er". Prinl'(' ("0. III spItal. 
:O:ummerside; Pub/it' Iff'alth. :\11f's I. Gillan, 5
' Graftl II 
:O:t.. Charlotteto\\n; Pril'ate Duty, :\-li!ls :\1. 98mhle. :il 
\ mbrOBe 
t.. Charlotteto\\ n; Heprf!l('ntatn p tv The 
ranaàia71 Nur"r, :\lis,. \nnll \1l1ir. P F,1. lk..pital. 
('harlottptfl\\ n, 




.\ssociatiOiI of Rep,istered 
urses of the Pro"ince 
of Quebec dncorporated 1910 
Ad\'isory Hoard, :\Iiss('s :\Iary :-,amuel, L. C. Phillips, 
'I. F. Hersey, Hertha Harmer, :\1. .-\. l\label Clint, 
Hev. :\Ière :\1. A. Allaire. Hev. Soeur ,-\ugustine; 
Pre8ident, :\Iiss Caroline \". Barrett, Royal \'ictoria 
Iaternit:,- Hospital; 'ïce-President (EnJ1;lish), 
Iargaret :\loaJ1;, \'.O.
., 1:?46 Bishop Street, 
:\Iontreal; \'ice-Ptesident (French), Hev. 
oeur Allard. 
Hotel-Dieu de 
t. Joseph, 
Iontreal; Hon. Secretary, 
:\Iiss Elsie \llder, Roval \ïctoria Hospital; Hon. 
Treasurer, :\Iiss :\larion 'E. Nash, \".0.1'\.,1246 Bishop 
:'treet, :\Iontreal. Other members: :\Iiss Mabel 1\.. 
Holt, The :\Iontreal General Hospital, :\Iademoiselle 
E1na Lyneh, 
upen'isor, :\Ietropolitan Life 
In8urance Co., :\Iontreal, :\Iiss Sara :\Iatheson, .-\pt. 
:!4, 21.')1 Lincoln -\ ve., :\Iiss Charlotte Nixon, 2276 
OM Orchard -\ ve., 
Iontreal, Rev. Hoeur St. .Tean-de- 
I' Eucharistie, Hópital Notre Dame, :\Iontreal. Cml- 
N'ners of Sectiuns: Private DItty < EnJl;lish), :\liss Sara 
:\latheson, .-\pt. 24, Haddon Hall Apts.. 2151 Lincoln 
-\ve., :\Iontreal; (French) :\llle \liee Lepine, Hôpital 
)i"otre Dame, :\Iontreal; Nursillg Education <English), 
:\Iiss :\Iartha Batson, The :\Iontreal General Hm;pital; 
(Freneh) Rev. 
oeur .-\ugustine, HÚpital St. Jean-de- 
Dieu, Gamelin, P.Q.; Public Health, Miss :\Iarian 

ash, \".O.N., 1246 Bishop 
treet, :\Iontreal; Board of 
E"\aminers, :\Iiss C. V. Barrett (Col1\'ener), Royal 

\'ictoria l\laternity, Montreal, Mme H. D. 
Bour9ue, Université de Montréal (Ecole d'Hygiene 
.-\pphquée), :\Ielles Edna Lynch, Apt. 3, 4503 rue 
1-;t-Denis, l\.1ontreal, Laura Senecal, Hôpital Notre 
Dame, :\Iisses Rita Sutcliffe, 4635 Queen Mary Read, 
:\Iontreal, Marion Lindeburgh, School for Graduate 

urses, :\lcGill University, :\Iontrea!, Olga V. Lilly, 
Royal \'ictoria :\Iontreal 
Iaternity Hospital, Mont- 
real; Executive Secretary. Hegistrar and Official 
School Visitor: Miss E. Frances Upton, Suite 221, 
96 St. Catherine St. W., l\lontreal 


Saskatchewan Re
istered Nurses Association 
(Incorporated March, 1917) 
President, :\Iiss Edith Amas, City Hospital, Saska- 
toon; First \'ice-President, :\Iiss Ruby :\1. Simpson, 
Department of Public Health, HeJ!:ina; Second Vice- 
Iiss Helen B. Smith, General Hospital, 
Hegina; Couli('illors, Miss Jean McDonald, 1122 Hae 
St., Regina. Miss Elizabeth Smith, Normal School, 
:\foose Jaw; Cunveners of Standing Committee8: Nursing 
Education, Mi8s Gertrude 1\1. Watson. City Hospital, 
Saskatoon; Public Health. Mrs. E. M. Feeney, Depart- 
Illent of Publil' Health, Regina; Private Dutll, .:\Iiss l\.1. 
H.. Chisholm, 805-7th .-\ve. N., Saskatoon; Legislation, 
:\lIss R. :\1. Simpson, Regina; Recretary-Treasurer and 
Registrar, :\fi"R :\farJl;aret RORs, 4.') .-\ngus Crescent, 

Associations of Graduate Nurses 


ary Association of Graduate Nurses 
IIon. President, Dr. H. ,-\. Gibson; President. :\Ii
P. Gilbert; First \'ice-President, l\liRs I\:. Lynn; 
\ïce-President, :\lisR F. Shaw; Hecording and .-\ctinl/: 
('orresoonding :;;ecretary, :\Irs. F. \'. Kenned
', 1
L \\",; Tre3Rurer, :\Ii8s :\1. \Vatt. 
Edmonton Association of Graduate Nurses 
PreRident. :\liBs Ida Johnson; First Vice-President, 
s P. Chapman; Second \'ice-President, :\Iiss E. 
Fe'n\'i,'k: HpI' rding Sel'retary. :\Iiss \'iolet Chapman, 
Hoyal -\Ie"\andra Hospital, Erlmonton; Pre
R and 
el'retary, :\Ii
s Clow. 111
S \\ hyte 
\ve., Edmonton; TreRRurer, Miss :\1. ::;talev, 98
th :-,t.. Edmonton; Heg;istrar, 'I iss Sproule, 111 :
\\ hyte .-\ve., Edmonton. 
:\1edicine Hat Graduate ","urses Association 
I'rel'ident, :\Iiss :\1. Hagerman: FirRt \ïce-Pre!'ident, 
'liss Gill'hrist; :-,econd \'ice-President, :\fiss .J. Jorl!"e n - 
Ron; Hecretary, :\Iiss :\Iay Reid, 
urse!'!' Home; 
Treø.Rurer, 'Iiss F. Ireland, 1st :-;t., .:\tedicine Hat; 
Commi!ter Convellers: New :\Iembership, :\Irs. C. 
\\ right; Flower, :\olrs. :\1. Tobin; Private Duty Section, 
\Irs. Cha!'. Pickerinl/:: t'orrespondent, The ranadian 
.V urse, :\IiRS F. 
lIlith. Regular meeting first Tuesday 
ill mont.h. 


:'I.elson Graduate Nurses :\ssociation 
lIon. President, :\Iiss V. B. Eidt., .-\ctinJl; Ruperinten- 
dent, Kootenay Lake General Hospital; Preeident 
:\Iiss I\.. Gordon; First \'ice-President. :\liss :\1. :'\Iad- 
den; Seeond \'ice-President, :\lisE< S. .-\rchibald; Seere- 
tarv-Tre<umrer, :\Iiss Edna FraRer, Box 1105, 
Vancouver Graduate Nurses Association 
President, :\Iiss K. 
anderson, 1
10 Jarvis :'L, 
\'anl'ou\'er; FirRt \ïce-PreRident, :\liR!'! 
1. D. :\Iac- 
Dermot, Preventorium, 
7.,)5-21!'!t A ve. E., \'ancouver; 
:-'pf'.J1lrl \'il'e-Pre!'ident, :\Iiss .T. DavidRon; :-;ecretary, 
:\Iiss F. H. Walker. General Hospital, Vancouver; 
liRS L. G. .-\rchibald, .')
6-12th -\ve. \\., 
Vancouver; Council, :\Iisses G. '1. Fairley, 
1. F. 
Grav :\1. Duffield, .J. Johnston, .T. Kilburn; ConveneI'll 
of ë
mmi'tee8: Finance. :\Irs. Farrinl!:ton; Directory, 
\Iiss :\1. I. Teulon; Social, :\Iiss 
1. 1. Hall; Programme, 
:\fif's C. .\n'hibald; :-'ieh. Vi!'!itinll, :\lis8 C. Cooper; 

:\fembership. :\liss :\1. :\Iirfield; LOf'al Council of 
Iissps l\.L F. Gray, M. Duffield; Press, :\hB. 
D. K Simms. 

Victoria (;raduate Nurses Association 
Hon. Presidents, :\fiss L. :\1 itchell, 
istcr Superiu 
Ludovic; President, ;\Oliss E. .J. Herbert; First Vice- 
President, :\Iiss D. Frampton; Second \ïce-President, 
Mi..s C. 
lcKenzie: Secretary, Mi8s I. HelJ1;esen; 
Iis" "-. Cooke; Rel/:istrar, Miss E. rranks. 
5 Fairfield Road, \'ietoria; Execut.ive Committee, 
:\oliss E. B. Strachan. :\Iiss H. Cruikshanks, Miss E. 
:\leDonflld, :\fiss C'. Kenny, :\fiRS E. Cameron. 


Hrandon Graduate Nurses Association 
Hon. Prel'-ident, :\liBs E. Birtles; Hon. Vice-President, 
'frs. W. Shillinl/:law; President. :\Iiss E. G. McNally; 
First ''ice-President, Miss Janet .-\nderson; Second 
\'ice-President, Mrs. Lula Fletcher; !-:ecretary. MisE< 
Iunro, 243 12th St.; Treasurer, :\1rs. 1\1. Long; 
 of ('um11littee8: Rocial and Programme. ;\Oh". 
Eldon Hannah; Sick and \ïsitinJl;, Mrs. Rowe Fisher; 
Welfare, Miss Gertrude Hall; Press Reporter, Miss 
Helen l\lorrison; Cook Book, :\hs. J. :\1. Kains; 
HeJ1;istrar, :'\lisR C. :'\1. :\Iacleod. 


Graduate l\urses :\Iumnae, \Velland 
lion. President, :\Iis.. E. Smith. 
\\ elland General lIospibtl; lion. \ïl"e-President, 1\1i1'I' 
:\1. Ball, Weiland General III "vital; President, :\liRs 
D. Saylor; \'il'e-Pre!<ident, Mis!'! H. Saunders; :::;el'retary, 
:\Iiss :\1. Rinker, 28 Division 
t.; Treasurer. :\tiss n. 
Eller; Executive, :\lisses 
1. Ppddie, ::\1. TUftR, n. 
Clothier and :\frs. P. Hrasf( rd. 

(;raduate l\urses Association of the Eastern 
lIon. President, :\1 iss \'. Beane: President. :\1 iss II. 
lIet.herinJl;ton: FirRt \ïce-President, :\Ii!'s G. D\\a
:-'el"ond \'il'e-President, :\li8R 
. Arguin; Heccrdllll/: 
:-:ef'retary, :\fis.. P. GustafRon; Correspondinl!: :::;ecre- 
tary, :\fiss :\1. :\Ia!lon, 151a Lon
on St., Hherbro(?ke, 
P.Q.; Treasurer, :\li:>8 :\1. Rohllls; Representative, 
Prirate Duty Sf>ction, :\Iiss :\1. :\Iorril'sette; Repre- 
!lentative to The Canadiall Nllr,<r. :\fif'!' C. nornh
Bm. 324. Sherbrooke, P.Q. 


\101\ TREAL 
:\Iontreal Graduate Nurses Association 
lion. President, :\lisB L. C. Phillips: President, Miss 
Chri!'tine Watling, 1230 Bishop St.; First Vice-Presi- 
dent, :\-liss G. Allison; 
econd Vice-President, :\lrs. A, 
Stanley; Secretary-Treasurer and Xight Registrar, 
:\fiss Ethel ('lark, 1230 Bishop 1St.; Day Registrar, 
:\fiBB Kathleen Bliss; Relief Registrar. :\li8B H. .:\1. 
butherland; Convener Griffintown Club, :\-liss G. 
Colley. ReJ!;ulR.r :\lectinJl:, Second Tuesday of January, 
first Tue!\day of .-\pril, Ortoher anrl December. 


\Ioose Jaw Graduate Nurses ,\S8oclatlon 
Hon. President, 
Irs. :\1. Young; Preeident, :\Iis!-o 
R. LßBt; First \lce-President, 
li8s C. Kier; ::;econd 
\'ice-President, :\/Irs. W. Metcalfe; Secretary-Treasurer 
:\liss J. Moir, General Hospital, :\Ioose Jav.; Conre71er; 
of Committee8: NursÏ7yu Educatio71, :\lrs. :\1. Young. 
Sr. Mary Raphael. 
11S8 E. Jensen; Prirate Duty. :\Ii88 
E. Wallace, l\liss E. Farquhar. :\liB8 T. ReynoldB, :\fi88 
J. Casey; Public l/ealth. Registrar, :\Iiss C. Kier; Pro- 
II;ramme, :\Iiss G. Taylor; Sick \'isitinp:, :\Iiss L. Trench' 

ial, Miss:\-I. Armstrong; Constitution and By-Laws: 
:\llss E. Lamond; Representative to The Canadia71 
Nurse, :\-liss :\1. Gall; Press Representative. :\lrs. .J. 

Alumnae Associations 


A.A., Holy Cross Hospital, Cal
President, :\Irs. L. de Satge; \'ice-President, !l.liss 
-\. Willison; Recording 
ecretary, :\Iiss E. Thorn; 
Corresponding f'ecretary, .:\liBB P. S. Gilbert; Trea- 
surer, :\Iiss S. Craig; Honorary :\1 embers, Re'". f'oeur 
St. .Jean de l'Eucharistie, :\Iiss :\1. Bro\\n. 

A.A., Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton 
Hon. President, :\Ii"" F. :\funroe; President, :'olrs. 
:O;cott Hamilton; First \ïce- President, :\1iss V. Chap- 
man; Second Vice-President, :\lrB. C. Chinneck; 
Recoriling Seeretary, :'oliss G. Allyn; Corresponding 
Secretary, :\IiBs A. Oliver, Royal .-\lexandra Hospital; 
Iiss E. EnJ!;lish, Suite 2, 10014-112 Street. 

A.A. University of Alberta Hospital, Edmonton 
Hon. President, :\fiss E. Fenwick; President, Miss 
:\1. Reerl; First \ïce-President, :\Iies L. Gourlay; 
:-'econd \ïee-President, :'oliss n. Fane; Recording Secre- 
tary, :\Iiss A. Revell; CorrespondinJl; f'ecretary, :\Iiss 
D. D\Lxbury, Pniversity Hospital; Treasurer, :\Iiss :\1. 
Howles, l)niversity Hospital; Exef"utive. :\1isses :\1. 
Gord"n, I. Ro!'s, A. Raker. 

A.A., Lamont Public Hospital 
Hun. President. :\Iiss F. E. Welsh; President, .\lrs. 
B. I. Love; Vice-President, .\Iiss O. Seheie; 
Treasurer, :\Irs. C. ('raig, Namao; CorreBpondin,lt 
:-;ecretary, Miss F. E. Reid. l00!)-20th Avenue, W., 
f'aljl;ary; Convener, f-:of"ial Committee, '\lrR. H. 


A..\., St. Paul's Hospital, Vancou\er 
Hon. President, Rev. Sister Superior; Hon. \"icc- 
Pre8ident, Sister Therese Amable; President, :\Iiss B. 
GeddeR; Vice-President, :\Iiss R. .\lcKernan; 
:\Iiss F. Treavor, Assistant :-:ef"retary, :\liBB \'. Dyer; 
Treasurer, :\-Jiss B. :\Iuir; F-..e,'utive. .\Iissffi .\1. :\11'- 
Donald, E. Berry. L Clark, \'. Pear'lp. :-;. Chrilltip, 
If \II"Gilli,'ary, K. :\1,.J)ouald. 

:\.A., Vancou"er General Hospital 
111111. Prellident, :\Iiss G. Fairley; Prffiident, )'list; 
:\Iary :\1I.Phee; First \ïf"e-President. :\Iiss Lunan; 
:-;econd \'if"e-President, :\li"l1 Erllkine; Correspondinl!; 
Secretary, .\-liss l\Ielnef"zuk; HecordinJl; :-:ecretary, .\lis.'1 
('ollier; Treasurer, 
liss Geary. :U76 \\ est 2nd .-\ ve., 
('ommittpe Conl1eners: Projl;ramme, .\lrs. Gillies: fo:e\\inp;, 
\Irs. Gordon; 
ick \ïsitinJl;, :\Iiss 
haw; :\Iembership, 
:\Iiss II. Campbell; .\Iutual Benefit, .\Iiss :\Iaitland; 
HefreRhments, Mr!'. Blanl-enbach; Hepresentativell: 
1.'1("111 Press, .\Iiss Cotsworth, Y.G.
..-\.; :\Irll. \\'il!'on. 

\.:\., Jubilee Hospital, Victoria 
lion. President, .\Iis!' L. :\Iitchell; President, :\11"11 
.Jean .\Ioon'; First \ïce-President, :\Irs. Yorke; SePOnd 
\ïce-President. .\Ii"s .J. Grant; f'ecretary, )'Irs. .\. 
Dowell, 30 Howe 
t.; .\"lIistant Secretary, :\Iiss .T. 

tewart; Treasurer, :\Iill" C. Todd; Entertainment Com- 
mittee, .\Ii!ls J Go\\arrl; 
if"1.. :"\ur!'p, :\lisR E. 

A.A., Children's Hospital, \\innipe
Hon. President, .\Iiss .\-1. B. .-\lIan; Preeidpnt, .\IiBB 
Catherine Day; First \ïce-PreBident, :\liss Elsie 
Fraser; Secretary, :\liBS W. :\1. Barratt, Children's 
H,?spital.: Treasurer, :\Iiss :\1. D. HUjl;hes; :-;ick \ïsitinll, 
.\lls!! EdIth Jarrett; Entertainment, !\Irs. Geo. Wilson. 

\..-\., St. Boniface Hospital, St. Boniface 
Hon. President, Rev. 
r. Krause, :-:t. Boniface 

urses Home; President, .\Iiss Clara .\filler, 825 
Broadway, Winnipeg; First \ïce-President, MiBB H. 
Stephen, 15 Ruth .-\pts., 
Iaryland St., Winnipeg' 
Second \'ice-President, 
IiBB M. :\1 ad ill , F. Ashford 
Blk., Winnipeg; Secretary, :\Iiss Jeannie .-\rchibald. 
Rhriners Hospital, Winnipeg; Treasurer, :\Iiss Etta 
Shirley, 14 hing George St.. Winnipeg; 
ocial Con- 
vener, Miss K. :\lcCallum. 181 Enfield Cr., Nor\\ood; 
Rick Visitinjl; Convener, .\-liss B. Greville, 211 Hill St.. 

 orwood; Representative to Local Council of \\" omen, 
.\fiss :'01. Rutley, 12 EUjl;enie .-\pts., Nor\\ood; Repre- 
sentative to PreBB, '\IrR. S. G. Kerr, 7.'):J Wolseley Ave.. 
A..\., Winnip
 (;eneral Hospital 
lIon. President, .\-frs. A. W. :\Ioody, 97 Ash :-Ot.; 
President, :\Iiss E. Parker, Suite. 24, Carlyle .-\pts., 5bO 
Broadv.ay; First \ïce-President, .\Irs. C. Y. Combes, 
.')30 Dominion St.: Second \ïce-President, Miss J. :\Ic- 
Donald, Deer Lodjl;e Hospital: Third \ ice-President, 
\liRS E. Yussack, 867 .\Iajl;nus Ave.; HeeordinJl; Secre- 
tary, :\Iiss J. Landy, Winnipeg General Hospital; 
Correspondinjl; Secretary, :\li8s :\1. Graham. Winnipejl; 
General Hospital; Treasurer, .\-lies :\1. C. !\1,.Donald, 
('entral Tuberculosis Clinic; :\Iembership, :\liB8 I. 
Ramsay, Central Tuberculosis Clinic; Sick \ïsitinll. 
:\Iiss J. :\-Iorjl;an. 102 Rose St.; Entertainment, .\lrs. C. 
.\-lc.\-Iillan, Hertford Blvd., Tuxedo; Edit, r of Journal, 
:\IiBB R. Monk. 134 Westjl;ate; Business l\Ianap;er. :\liBB 
E. Timlick, Winnipeg General Hospital; Spf'('ial Com- 
mittee. .\Iis.. P. Bro\\nell, 215 Chestnut 


.\.A., Saint John General Hospital 
Hon. President, MiB8 E. .T. :\Iitl'hell; Pre!\ident. :\In,. 
G. L. Dunlop; First Vice-President, :'otiS!! E. L. Hen- 
derson; Second \'il'e-Preeident, :\lrs. F. :\1. .\-ff"Kelvf'Y; 
Sef"retary, !l.frs. J. E. Beyea, 121 rnion St., Saint .John. 

.B.; Trea8urer, :\Iiss Kate Holt; Additiunal member". 
:\Irs. .J. II. Yaujl;han, :\lrR. H. II. 'I..IRllan, \fr". -\ 
G. C'linch. 

\.:\., L. fl. Fishcr McmoriallIospftal, noodstû<"k 
Hon. President, :\Ii"s Elsie Tullof"h; Presidpnt, l\lrR. 
Harry Dunbar; \ï('e-President, :\Iisll Glad
" lIay\\ard; 

e<'retary- Treasurer, :\Iiss Pauline Palmf'r; Board of 
Directors: :\lills G. Tams, .\frs. ll. Sutton, .\-Irs. Fulton, 
.\liBB :\1. Samphier, :\liBB 
. \'enf'BB; C'nmmittee ('on- 
renerll: Projl;ramme, :\lrs. P. Caldwell, .\-liBB E. Kerr. 
:\liBB E. Dunbar, Miøe B. Bellie; :;:ick \ïeitinJl:, Mills H 
Cumminllll. l\fiM D. }>Mbody. ),Ii"" .\1f'fM'reau; 
Erlitor. l\fi811 :\1, Ramphipr. 



A.A., Belleville General Hospital 

fon. President, :\Iiss Florence l\lcIndoo; President, 
:\l1ss Reta Fitzgerald; Vice-President, :\lrs. J. Andrews; 
:-:ecretary, :\fiss L. 
llIith; Treasurer, 
fis8 Marion 
:\facFarlane; Flower Committee, Miss Betty :\lcEwan; 
RepresentatIVe to The ('anadian _Vllrs(', 1\fiss H. 

A.A., Brantford General Hospital 
Hon. President, .:\fiBB E. 
lcKee; President, 
K. Charnley; Yice-President, :\liss G. Turnbull; 

fiss F. J. Batty, 52 Charlotte St., Brant- 
ford; Assistant-Secretary, Miss V. Buckwell; Treasurer, 
:\1iss L. R. Gillespie, General Hospital; Social Convener, 
:\Irs. F. Doherty; Flower Committee, Mrs. Phillips, 
:\liss W. Laird, Miss 1\1. M. Nichol; Gift Committee, 
:\fiss J. Edmondson, Mrs. E. Clarid
e; The Canadian 
Nurse and Press Representative, 
IiEs H. Diamond; 
Chairman. Private Duty Council, :\liss P. Cole; 
Representative to Local Council of ". omen, :\Ii8!' R. 

A.A., Brockville General Hospital 
Hon. President, :\fiss A. L. Shannette; President, 
:\1rs. H. B. White; First 'ïce-President, :\liss 
.\rnold; Second Vice-President, Miss J. Nicholson; 
Third Vice-President, :\1rs. W. B. Revnolds; Secretary, 
:\fiss B. Beatrice Hamilton, Brockv111e General Hos- 
pital; Treasurer, :\1rs. H. F. Vandu8en, 65 Church :-;t.; 
Representative to The Canadian Nurse, :\fiB!' Y. 

A.A., Public General Hospital 
Hon. President, :\liss P. C'ampbell; President, 
D. Thomas; First Vice-Pre8ident, 
fil's R. Pardo; 
Second Vice-President, Miss H. Simpson; Recording 

ecretary, Miss K. Crackel, 12 Duluth St., Chatham; 
Corresponding Secretary, !\fiss R. "ïllmore; Treasurer, 
:\liss E. Mummery, 35 Emma St., Chatham; Repre- 
sentative to The Canadian Nurse, :\fiss 
1. :\fcDoul!all. 
A.A., St. Joseph's Hospital 
lion. President, 
fother Mary; Hon. Vice-President, 
Sister M. Consolata; President, :\fiss Mary Doyle, 
Vice-President, Miss Marian Kearns; Hecretarv- 
Tre3surer, Miss Letty Pettypiece; Executives, !\fissès 
Hazel Gray, Jessie [toss, Lena Chauvin, I. Salmon, 
Representative to The Canadian Nurse, Miss Ruth 
Winter; Representative District No. I, RN..-\.O., 
:\fis" .Jean Lundy. 

A.A., Cornwall General Hospital 
lIon. President, :\lrs. J. Boldick; President, :\fisf' 
:\fary Fleminl/:; First Vice-President, Miss Kathleen 
Burke; Second Vice-President, !\fiss Bernice :\lcKillop; 
Hecretary-Treaeurer, .:\Iiss C. Droppo, C'orn....all General 
Hospital; Representative to The Canadian NurRe, :\fis!' 
II. C. \\'il!'on, C'ornwall General H,'spital. 

A.A., Galt Hospital 
Hon. President, .:\lisR A. Cleaver; President, 
Iitchell; Secretary, :\Iiss L. MacNair, 91 \ïctoria 
Ave.; Assistant Secretary, l\fiss T. Rainey; Treasurer, 
!\fiss A. MacDonald; Flower Convener, 
Iiss Ruther- 
ford; Representative to The Canadian NUrRe flnet Pre"!' 
Representath'e, :\Ii"" :\1. Vandyke. 

A.A., Guelph General Hospital 
lion. President, :\liss !-;. A. Campbell, Rupt. Guelph 
General Hospital; President, Miss C. R. ZeiJl;ler; First 
Iiss D. Lambert; Second Vice-Presi- 
dent, Miss M. Darby; Hecretary, .:\Iiss N. l\:enney; 
Treasurer, Miss J. \Vatson; Committees: Flower, Miss 
R. Speers, l\f iss I. Wilson; Social, Mrs. :\1. Cockwell 
(Convener); Programme. Miss E. :\1. Eby (Convener); 
Representative to Till' Canadian N1/rse, !\liSB ":\Iarion 

A.A., Hamilton General Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss E. C. Rayside; President, Mrs. 
I.L Hess; Vi
e-President, MisB M. Bain; RecordinJl: 
'. 1\flSS M. l\fatheson; Corresponding Secre- 
. Hauert, Hamilton General HOBpital; 
Treasurer, l\lIss J. Jackson, 326 :\fain 'V.; Assistant 
Treasurer, l\liss G. Hodgson; Secretary-Treasurer, 
Mutual Benefit Association, .Miss O. 'Watson, 145 
Emerald S.; Committee Conl1eners: Executive. 1\fiss H. 
.-\itken; Flower, Miss A. Squires; Programme. Mis" 

1. Go
nell; Registry, Miss N. Thompson; BudJl;et, 
1. Barlow; RepreRentative to The ('anadoan 
Nurse, Miss A. 

'\.A., St. Joseph's Hospital, Hamilton 
Hon. President, Mother Martina; Prreident, Miss 
Io.ran; Vice-PreBident, :Miss F. Nirholson; Secre- 
tary, :\'lIB8 Mabel :\-facIntosh, 168 Ray ;;t.; Treasurer, 
:\f!SR :\1. Kelly; Representative to The Canadian Nurse, 
:\-IIss B. 
lcKenna, 277 Herkimer Rt.; Representative 
.,\.O., Miss J. l\forin. 

A.A., Hotel Dieu, Kin
Hon. President, Rev. Sister Donovan; President, 
:\-Irs. W. G. Elder; Vice-President, Mrs. _-\. Hearn; 
Secretary, Miss Olive !\lcDermott; Treasurer, Miss 
Genevieve Pelow; Executive, Mrs. L. Cochrane, 
:\-lisses K. McGarry, M. Cadden, J. O'Keefe; '"isiting 
Committee, l\1i8ses N. Speagle, L. Sullivan, L. La 
Rocque; Entertainment C'ommittee, 
lr8. R. ". 
lisses N. Hickey, B. Watson. 
A.A., Kin
ston General Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss Lousie D. Acton; President, 

fiss Ann Baillie; First Vice-President, :\fiss Carrie 
:\-filton; Second Vice-President, Miss Olivia 1'1. Wilson, 
Third Vice-President, 
fiss A. Walsh; Secretary, :\fis8 
Anna Davis, 464 Frontenac St.; Treasurer. Mrs: C. W. 
:\tallary, 203 Albert St.; Convener: Committee, 
'Irs. Sidney Smith, 151 Alfred St.; PresB Representa- 
liss Mary Wheeler, KingBton General Hospital; 
Prit'ate Duty Section. :\fiss Constance 
andwith, 2
.\lfred Street. 

A.A., ....itchener and Waterloo General Hospital 
Hon. President, :\-liss K. W. Scott; President, .:\-Irs. 
oll; First Vice-President, Mrs. W. Ziegler; 
Recond 'ïce-President, Mifs Elsie Trouse; Secretary, 
Miss \\ïnnifred Nelson, Apt. D., 58 Albert St. N.; 
,-\8sistant-Recretary, :\Iiss Jean I'inclair; Treasurer, 
:\f iI''' :\1. Orr. 

A.A., Ross Memorial Hospital 
HOIl. President, Miss E. S. Reid; President, :\Iiss L. 
.J. HardinI/:; First Vice-President, l\.rs. O. Walling; 
Second '"ice-President, Mrs. l\L I. Thurston; Corres- 
ponding Secretary, Mrs. J. S. Morrison, 46 Colborne 
St. 'V.; Treasurer, Mrs. G. R. Allen; Flower Convener, 
:\Iiss D. \1. 
mith; Social Com'ener, :\fi!'!' K. 

A.A., St. Joseph's Hospital 
11011. President, Mother :\1. Patricia; HOIl. Vice- 
President" Sister 1\1. Ruth; President, Miss Olive 
eil; FirBt Yice-Pre-ident, "Iiss :\fadalene Baker; 

econd Vice-President, Miss Erla Reger; Recording 
Secretary, Miss Gladys !\Iartin; Corresponding Secre- 
tary, Miss Irene Griffen; Treasurer, :\-fiss Gladys Gray; 
Press Representative, Miss Stella Gignac; Representa- 
tives to Registry Board, MiRses Rhea Rouatt, C'erile 
Slattery, Olive O'Neil. 

A.A., Victoria Hospital 
Hon. President, :\Iiss Hilda !'tuart; Hon. \ïce-Prelii- 
dent. :\lrs. .-\. E. Rilverwood; President, ;\Jiss :\1. :\1. 
,Jones, '257 Ridout Rt. S.; First Vice-President, l\fiss H. 
Huston; Second Vice-President, Miss:\1. :\lcLauj!;hlin; 
Treasurer, Miss D. Atkinson, 174 Langarth St.; Secre- 
fisl3 F. Quigley; Correøpondinl/: Recretary, Mif's 

1. Smith, Victoria Hospital; Board of Directors, :\lis!\es 
C'. GillieP., .-\. :\Ialloch, .T. :\-Iortimcr, :\1. Y\lle, (' 
:-;kinner, '1r
. C' Rose. 


"J.\GAR \ .'ALLS OWE!'. SOl',"U 

A.A., l\iap,ara Falls General Hospital 
lion. President. :\Iiss 1\1. S. Park; President. :\Iiss 
G. Thorpe; First \"ice-President. :\Iiss H. Schofield; 
:-,econd \ïce-President. :\liss K. Prest; :-:ecretary- 
Treasurer, :\liss I. Hammond, 634 Ryerson Crescent. 

Hagara Falls; Correspondinl!; Secretary, :Miss F. 
Loftus; Auditors. :\lrs. :\1. Sharpe. Miss F. Loftus; 
:-;ick Committee, :\Iis!' ". Coutt!', :\lif'B A. Pirie and 
:\lrs. ,T. Teal. 

.\.A., Lord Duflerin Hospital 
lion. President, :\lrs. O. Fleming; President. :\Iisl' 
r. :\1. Sproule; First Vice-President, :'\liss Y. lee; 

econd '"ice-President, :\Iiss I. .-\llen; Corresponding 

ecretary, :\Iiss :\1. Bridgeman; Ttecording Secretary. 
\Ii!'s E. :\1. Hay....ard; Treasurer. :\fi!'B A. Burke. 

A..'\., Orillia Soldiers' !\Iemorial Hospital 
lion. President, :\Ii'!s E. Johnston; President. :\Iiss 
G. :\1. Went; First 'ïce-President, :\fiss L. Whitton; 
:-:econd 'ïce-President, !\Iiss :\1. Harvie; Secretary- 
Treasurer. !\Iiss Alice 1\1. Smith. 112 Peter St. 
He.p:ular :\leetinp;-First Thursday of each month. 

A.A., Oshawa General Hospital 
Hon. President, :\Iiss E. ::\lacWilliams; President. 
:\Iiss Jessie :\lclntcsh, 39 :-;imcoe 
t. N.; Vice-President. 
:\liRs Jean Thompson; ::5ecretary. Miss Jessie Mc- 
Kinnon, 134 Alice :o;t.; Assistant Secretary, :\Iiss Irene 
Goodman, 512 Simcoe Ht. N.; Corresponding Secretary, 
:\liBB Jean Htewart. 134 Alice Ht.; TreR.surer, :\1rs. W. 
Luke. :\ladiRon Apt!"., 
imcoe St. R. 

:\.A., Lady 
tanley Institute (Incorporated 19UI 
Hon. President. :\.lisR :\1. .-\. Catton, Carleton Place; 
President, :\Iiss ,J. Blyth. Civic Hospital; \ïce-President 
:\liRS :\.1. :\Ie
ïece. Perley Home; Hecretary. :\Irs. 
H. L. :\Iorton. 29 Clel1;l/: :-'t.; Treasl'rer. :\liss :\1. C. 
:,Iinn, 204 Stanley A \'e.; Board of Directnrs. :\Iiss E. 
'lcColl. :\Iiss H. :\lcQuade. :\liss L. Be:iford, :\1rB. 
K C. Flmitt; Representative to The Canadian NUTse. 
:\Iiss .-\. Ebbs. 80 Hamilton Ave.; Representative to 
Central Itev:istry. :\liRs n. Pridmore. 90 Third :\\'e.; 
Pres" Hepresentati\'e, :\liflB E. -\llen. 

A.A., Ottawa Civic Hospital 
Hon. PreAident. :\liBB Gertrude Bennett; President, 
:\Iiss Edna Osborne; First Vice-President, :\Iiss Dorothy 
:\Ioxley; Recond Vice-President. :\Iiss Lera Rarry; Re. 
 Recretary. :\Iiss :\Iartha !\lcJntoRh; COTres- 
ecretary, :\Iiss :\1. Downey; Treasurer. :\liss 
Winifred Gemmell; Councillors, Miss J\:. Clarke. :\liBB 
\\ ebb. :\lisB G. Froats, :\fiRB n. Fddy, :\IiSR E. LyonR; 
Hppresentatives to rentral RegiBtry. :\Iiss Inda Kemp, 
:\1 iSR K. Clarke; PreRs Correspondent, :\Iiss E\'elyn 
Pepper; Convener Committee, :\fiRS M. :\11\1"- 

\.A., Ottawa General Hospital 
HOll. President. He\'. 
r. Flavie Domitille; President. 
:\Iiss K. Bayley; First ''i('e-President, :\Iiss G. Clark; 
:-:econd \'ice-President. :\li!'8 :\1. :\1 unrue; Rerretary- 
rreasurer, :\Iiss D. Knox; :\Ienlbership 
'Iiss :\.1. Daley; HepresentBtivel! to Lm'al Council of 
Women. :\IrR. .T. A. Latimer. :\Irs. E. 'ïau. :\.1rs. 1.. 
Dunne, :\lil'8 F. Ne\.ins; Hepresentativel'J to Central 
iRtry. :\liRs:\1. O'Hare. :\Iiss A. Htael..pole: Hepresen- 
tative to The Canadian NUTse. :\Iiss Kitty Hynn. 

t. Luke's Hospital 
lIoli. Presidpnt. :\.1 if's :\faxwdl; PreRidellt. :\Ii"... 
Duris Thompson; 'ïre-President. :\liEs Diana Brown; 

ecretary. :\frs. .J. Pritchard; Treasurer. !\liRR :\Iay 
He....itt; Nominatinll, Committpp, \li!"RPf' :-O:Rrtip (1Rrl... 
'I ilia :\11\1'I.aren. Hl\zpl r yttlp. 

\..\.. (h
en Sound General and \Iarinc Hospital 
lion. President. Miss B. Hall; President. :\Iil's Cora 
Thompson; First "ice-President, :\Iiss F. Rae; ::5econd 
\ïce-President. :\liss C. :\Iax....ell; Secretary-Treasurer, 
:\Iiss Mary Paton; Assistant Secretary-Treasurer, :\liBII 
J. .-\I!;new; Flower Committee. :\fiss Alma Weedon. 
:\lIss :\Iarjorie Ellis and Mrs. J. Rums; Programme 
Committee, 1\liss :\1. Cruikshanks, :\Iiss Cora; 
Press Representative, :\liss :\1. Story; I.unrh Com- 
mittee. :\Iiss r eone :\lcDonald. Miss R. Duncan. 
:\fr!l. L. Burns; Auflitor. ::\liRB :\1. 

\.,'\., !\icholls Hospital 
lIon. President. Mrs. E. :\1. Leeson; President. :\IiM 
,\. Dobbin; First \ïce-President, :\liss H. Russell' 
Hecond Vice-President. !\Iiss L. Simpson; Secretary: 
:\.Iiss S. Battersby, 406 Sheridan St.; Treasurer :\Iiss 
:-'. Wood, 212 Barnardo Ave.; CorreRpondinJ!: 
'IiI's E. Wap:ar. 273 Park 
t.; f'oeial Connn('r. !\Ii
:\1. \\' R.t!'on. 

\.A., Sarnla General Hospital 
Hon. President. :\li88 ,I. Lee; PreRident, :\liss 1.. 
rist; Yice-President. :\liBS A. Cation; Secretary, 
),llss A. 
ih'erthorn; Treasurer. Miss A. Wilson; 
Representative to The Canadian NUTse. :\Iiss C. :\100- 
croft; Flower Committee (Coll\'ener). :\Iiss D. Shaw' 
Programme and 
ocial Committee, :\liRs L. Sep:rist. . 

.\..\., Stratford General Hospital 
Hon. President, :\Iiss A. :\1. :\Iunn; Pretlident. :\lisB 
L. -\ tt wood; \ïce-President, :\1 jss :\1. :\Ic :\1 aster ; 
:'ecretary-Treasurer. Mrs. K. 
nider,:-I6 DouJ!:las St.; 
Social Convener. 'liAs A. Rocl..; Flower Convener. 
:\1 iSR ('. Rtaples. 

ack Tralnln
Hon. President. :\.Iiss Anne Wril!;ht. General HOt.pi- 
tal; President, :\Iiss Nora Nold, General HOBpital; 
First Vice-President. :\liBB :\Iargaret :\lcClunie. :t!1 
Chaplin Ave.; 
econd 'ïce-President. :\Iiss Evelyn 
Horton, Louth Ht.; Secretary-Treasurer, :\Ii!'s J. Hastie. 
General Hospital; Social Committee. :\Iisll Aileell 
Johnston. General Hospital, MiRs Donalda "eale, 35 
.-\cademy St., :\Iiss Bernice Rule. 146 Weiland Ave.; 
Representative to The Canadian NUTtle, Miss Feather- 
Rtone, 1 ï Hainer St.; Correspondent. 'liBS Current: 
Prol/:ral1lme Committee. :\liRS Brubaker, I Fitzl/:prald 

.'\.A., \Icmorlal Hospital 
lioll. President, :\liss LUl"ille .\rIllRtronp;. :\.lclIlorial 
lioRpital; ]-fon. Vice-President, :\liB8 :\Iar;)' Buchanan. 
:\Iemorial Hospital; President. :\liBB :\larp;aret BenJa- 
field. :-I!} \\ ellington Ht.; First ''ire-President, :\fif''' 
Irene Garrow; 
ecnnd 'ïl"e-Pretlident. :\liBB Bella 
:\Iitchner; Rerordinjl; Secretary, :\Irs. John SlIlalf', 
34 Erie Rt.; CorrespondinJ!: Sel'retary. :\lif's Florencp 
y c.rk. 52 Kains Ht.; TrpB/lurer. :\liBB Irenp llIe....ett. 
RR Kains 
t.' Representative to The Canadian ^'ursf'. 
:\1 if's Irene Garrow. 23 
Iyrtle :-;t.; E
ecutÌ\'e. :\.1 ;1'18('1' 
Hazel HastinJl;B. LiMa Cranp. :\Iary Okp. :\Ir!'l. ,-\II('n 
Burrell. \Irf'. Eh';n '\ïNlon. 

fORO:\. TO 

\..\., Gra,'e lIo!lJ'ital 
lIon. President. :\.lrø. r. J. Currie; I'rt,..ident. :\Ir... 
W. .T. Cryderman: Uerordi nil: 
IiBl! Ðo!"ie I. 
Jient. Corrpspondinp; Secretary. :\118S I .lhan E. \\ onel. 
iason Blvd., Toronto 12; Trea"nrpr. \Ii"" ", \I 
J:lljntt, IfI.J CottinJ1;hl\llI :'1. 



A.A., The Grant MacDonald Trainin
for '\Iurses 
Hon. President, :\liss Esther :\1. Cook, laG Dunn 
.-\ve.; President, :\Iiss Ida Weekes, 1
0 Dunn .h-e.; 
Vice-President, Mrs. :\1arion Smith; ReC'Ording Secre- 
tary, Miss Norma :\lcLeod; Corresponding Secretary, 
:\liss Ethel Watson; Treasurer, :Miss PhylliA La....Tenre; 
f;ocial Convener, :\1iss Kathleen Cuffe. 

A.A., Hospital for Sick Children 
Hon. Prel\ident, 1\lrs. Goodson; Hon. Vice-Presi- 
dents, Miss Florence J. Potts, Miss Kathleen Panton; 
President, Mrs. A. L. Langford; First Vice-Pre8ident, 
Miss Florence Booth; Second Vice-President, :\1rs. W. 
F. Raymond; Recording Secretary, :\lrs. Clarence 
Cassan; Corresponding Secretary, :\Iiss L. Loraine 
:\1orrison, 54 Sheldrake Blvd.; Treasurer, :\Iiss :\1arie 
Grafton, 534 Palmerston Blvd.; Social Convener, 
Mrs. Cecil Tom; Flower Convener, MiB8 Alice Boxall; 
Programme Committee. Miss Jean Masten; Publicity 
Committee, Miss Margaret Collins; Welfare COUl- 
mittee, Mrs. Dall 
mith; Representative to RefI;it'try, 
)1iss Florence Currie. 

A.A., Riverdale Hospital 
President, :\liB8 Alma Armstrong, Riverdale Hos- 
pital; First Vice-President, Miss Gertrude Gastrell, 
ùiverdale Hospital; Second Vice-President. Mrfl. F. 
Lane, 221 Riverdale Ave.; Secretary, :\1iss Lexie 
Staples, 491 Broadview Ave.; Treasurer, :\1rs. H. 
Dunbar; Board of Directors, :\1iss K. Mathieson. 
Riverdale Hospital, :\1iss S. Stretton, 7 Edgewood 
Ave., Miss E. Baxter, Riverdale H08pital, :\lrs. E. 
Quirk, l{iverdale Hospital, 
1iss L. Wilson, 11 Sher- 
wood Ave.; Press and Publications, Miss Laurel 
Wiison, 11 Sher.....ood .-\ ve.; Toronto. 

A.A., St. John's Hospital 
Hon. President, Sister BeptriC'(', St. ,John's Convent; 
I'resident, Miss Susan l\1orJl;an, 322 St. George St.; 
First Vice-President, Miss Nan Hetherinp:ton, Nurses' 
Residence, Toronto General Hospital; Serond \"ice- 
President, Miss Kathleen Burtchall, 28 Major Rt.; 
Recor<!.ing Secretary, ],Iiss H(.len Frost, 450 Maybank 
Ave.; Corresponding Secretary, Miss :\largaret Creigh- 
ton, 152 Boon .-\ ve.; Treasurer, 
Iiss Winnifred Webb, 
77 Summerhill Ave.; Conveners: Entertainment Com- 
mittee, Miss Nettie Davis, 32 Albany Ave.; Rick and 
Visiting Committee, Miss Gladys Batten. 32 Albany 
:\ ve.; Pre!'s Representative, :'I1iss Grace Dohertv, 2ti 

or.....ood Road. .' 

A.A., St. Joseph's Hospital 
Hon. President, Rev. Sister Mary :\Iargaret; Presi- 
dent, :\Iiss M. Kelly; First Vice-President, :\liss O. 
Kidd; Second Yice-Pre8ident, Miss M. Daly; Record- 
ing Secretary, Miss 1\1. Goodfriend; Correspondinll; 
Secretary, Miss V. Hanley; Treasurer, Miss F. Robin- 
son; Councillors, :\1is!'es A. Timlin. L. Dunbar, I. 
Power. R. :\lcCue. 

A.A., St. 
lichael's Hospital 
lIon. President, Rev. Sister Norine; Hon. \ïce- 
President, Rev. Sister Jean; Pre8ident, Miss Ethel 
Crocker; First \Ice-President, Mrs. Aitkin; Recond 
Vice-President, Miss :\lary Ed....ards; Third \'ice- 
President, :\Iiss Helen Dunniu;an; Correspolldinll; 
Hecretary, Miss M. Doherty; Hecording Serretary, 
:\1iss Marie Melody; Treasurer, Miss G. Coulter, 42 
Isabella St.. .-\pt. 20 4 , Toronto; Press Reprpsentative, 
:\Iiss May Greene; Councillors, Misses J. O'['onnor. 
:\1. :\1adden, H. Kerr; Private Duty: Miss A. Gaudet; 
Public Health. MiB8 1. :\lcGurk; Repreøentati"'e Cen- 
tral Rellistry of Nurses. Toronto. !\Iiss 1\1. :\Ielody. 

A.A., Toronto General Hospital 
Hon. Vice-Pre'lident, Miss Jean Gunn; Pre8ident. 
:\liss N. Fidler, Ontario Hospital, Whitby; First 
1iss J. Anderson; Re('Ond \"ice- 
President, Miss E. Manning; Seeretary, :\Irs. A. \\'. 
Farmer, R9 Hreadalbane St.; Treaf'urer, Mif'S E. 
Robson, T.G.H. ftesidence; Assistant Treasurer, 
Forgie; ArchiviAt, :\Iiss Kniseley; Counrillors, :\Iiss ,J. 
Wilson, Miss Dix, 
Iiss Cryderman: Committee Con- 
veners: Flower, MisR 1\1. l\-lrJ(ay; Pro/ITamme, Miss 
E. Stuart; Press, ]"Iiss :\1. Stewart, Ki. 6155; Insurance, 
Mies M. Di,,; Nominations, !\Iil'ls C. Soudwith; Socia!. 
Miss J. 
Iitchel1; Elizaheth FieIrl Rmith; :\feDlorial 
Fund, "1iss lIannant. 

\..\. Toronto Orthopedic and East General 
Hospital Training School for Nurses 
Hon. President. :\Iiss E. I\I cLean, Toronto Ea::<t 
General Hospital; President, !\1rs. E. Philirs, 155 
Donlands Ave.; \'ice-President, :'oIiss J. :\lc:\laster, 
155 Donlands .-\ve.; f;ecretary-Treasurer. :\1iss N. \'. 
Wilson. 50 Cowan .\ve.; Repre8entative to Central 
Iiss 1\1. Heston, 753 Glencairn Ave.; Mi8s 
H. :\lacInto'lh, 748 Roudan Ave.; Representative to 
..-\.O.. :\Iiss n. :\lacIntosh, 74R 
oudan ,-\\"e. 

.\.,\., Toronto ""estern Hospital 
Hon. President, 'Iiss n. L. Ellis; Pre!'ident, :\lif'1:- 
F.. Matthews. 74 Westmount Ave.; \'ire-Prc!'ident, 

l1ss U. Colwell; Hel"ordinJl; Seeretary. 
liss G. Plltter- 
!',m; f'ecre"flry- Treasurer. :\Ii88 Helen Stewart, Toronto 
\Vestern Hospital; Representative to The rana(f1'an 
VlIrRf, l\1i!'s F. Greenaway. 

A.A., \\eUesley Hospital 
lion. President, l\li8s Ross; President, 
liss :\1. 
:\lcClinchey; Vice-President. l\1if'R Jessie Gordon: 
Corresponding 8ecretary, :\oliss :\Iargaret Anderson 
Trea8urer, Miss I. Archibald, 659 Huron St.; Cor)"f>!,
ponflent to The Canadian Nurse, :\Iiss I. Onslo\\. 

A..\., \Vomen's Colle
e Hospital 
Hon. PreRident, ]"Irs. H. :\1.; Hon. \ïee- 
President, Miss Harriett :\Ieiklejohn; President, :\lrs 

cullion; Serretary. :\Iiss Grace Clarke, 42 Delaware 
-\ve.; TreaRurer, 
Ji!'B Fra!'er, \\'omen'A ['ollel!"e 

A.A., Hospital Instructors and ,\dministrators, 
University of Toronto 
Hon. President, :\Iiss E. K. Russell; Hon. \"i.'e- 
President, Miss G. Hiscocks; President, !\Ii8s Gladwyn 
.Tones; First \"ice-President, 
Ii!'!' :\1. McCamus' 
l':ef'Ond \Ice-President, :\fiss E. Young; f;ecretarv: 
Miss C. l\f. Cardwell, Toronto General H()spitål; 
liRs M. :\leKay. Toronto General H.-spital. 

A.A., Department of Public Health -":ursin
University of Toronto 
lion. President, :\li8s E. K. Rus8el!; President, Mis8 
Barbara Blackstock; \"ice-President, :\lis!' E. C. ('ale; 
Hecordinll; Secretary, :\fi8s I. Park; 
eeretary- Treasurer, 
:\Iiss C. C. Fraser, 423 Gladstone Ave.; Toronto, Ont.; 
ocial. :\liss E. Mae Lauren; Prol!"ramme, 
:\lisB :\lrNamara; .\Iembership, :\Ii!'s Edna Clarke. 

.\.A.. Connau
ht Trainin
 School for "'\Iurses 
Toronto Hospital, Weston 
Hon. President, l\IisR F. :\lac.P. Dick80n, Toronto 
Hospital. Weston; Vice-President, ],lisA -\nn Bol....ell. 
Toronto Hospital. \Veston; 8ecretBry, :\Iiss G. I eem- 
in!!:. Toronto Hospital, \\'eston; Treasurer, :\lil's R. 
:\1cKay. Toronto HORpital, "-eston; Convener of 

ocial ['ommittee, :\li!'8 :\1. .Jones, Toronto He-spital, 
\\. e!'ton. 

A.A., Hotel Dieu, Windsor 
President, :\Iiss :\Iary Perrin; First \"ice-President. 
:\liss :\Iarie Odette; 
erond \ïce-PreRident, I\Ii8s Z"e 
I.ondeau; Seeretary, Miss 1\1. 
pen('e: Treasurer, I\lil's 
:\Iary Fener; Pro(O'amme Committee, :\Iisses H. 
:\Iahoney, .-\. Harvey, H. Rlattery; :-;ick Committee. 
:\Iisses H. Farrell. H. Greenway, :\1. :\lcGlory; Rocial 
Committee, :\li8sesJ. Londeau, N. \Yebster, I. Reaume; 
Correspondent to The Canadian Nurse. :\Iiss :\olary 
Finnegan. :\Ieeting seronrl :\Ionday ('very month, 8 p.m. 

\-.A., General Hospital 
First Hon. Pre8ident, :\Iiss Fram'es :-;hal1Jf>; 
HCID. President, :\Ii!'!' Helen Potts; Pre!'ident, ,Mil's 
:\label Costello; \ïc'e-Presidellt. :\Ii!'s .-\lIna Cook; 
Recording :-ìe('retary, :\lis8 Lila ,Tarkson; Correspond- 
ing Secretary and Press RepresentatÏ\-e, :\Iiss Doris 
Craig; 510 George f-:t.; AR8istant :'erretary, :\Iiss Jean 
Kelly; Trea!'urer, :\Iiss :\Iaude Slaght; ('ollt'eners of 
('ommtttees: Programme, ]'liRS Ella Eby; Flower, :Miss 
E. 'Vntson; Sorial, :\Irs. :\lrDiarmirl, :\Irs. P .John!'(Hl, 
:\Ii!'s Hastingf'. 




L \<:III"-E 
.\..\., Lachine Gelu.'ral Hospital 
Hun. President, 
1. L. Bnm n; President, 
Rose Wilson; \"ice-President, 
liss :\1. McNutt; 
Secretary-Treasurer, :\liss .-\. Hoy, 370 
t. C'atherine 
:'t., Lachine; Executive Committee, 
liss Lapierre, 
:\liss B:rrns. :\Ieetinl!:, first :\Ionday of eaC'h month. 

.\..\., Children's 
Iemorial Hospital 
Hon. President, :\Iiss .-\. Kinder; Prel'idellt, 
Iiss Jí. 
Paterson; Vice-Preflident, :\Iiss H. Xutall; Secretary, 
:\Ii!'ls J. C'ochrane, 1615 ('edar Ave.; TreasuCf'r, :\Iis!'l 
L. De!'ltroillp; Executive C'olllmittpp, :\liss E. Hillyard, 
'liss :\1. FJander; 
oeial Cmlllllittpp, convener, :\Iis,", 
:\1. Gill, :\Iis!' .-\. .-\dlington, :\Iiss :\1. :\leC'allulll and 
:\Iiss :\1. Robinson; Hepresentative to The Canadian 
.Vurse, :\liss Y. Schneider; 
iek Nurses C'olllm;ttee, :\Ii!'s 
H. Eßf!terbrook. 

.\..\., Homeopathic Hospital 
11011. President, :\Irs. H. Pollock; President, 
Irs. J. 
Warren; First \"ice-President, :\Iise :\1. Bright; Second 
\liss .-\. PorteoUR; 
Iiss W. 
:\Iurphy; Assistant Seeretary, :\Iiss :\1. Berry; Treas- 
urer, :\Iiss D. W. :\Iiller; .-\ssistant Treasurer, 
'ii. G. Horner; Primte Dllty Soc!ion: :\Iiss :\1. Bril1;ht; 
Hepresentative to The Canadian Nllr
e, :\Iiss J. \"hit- 
more; Programme Committee, :\Iiss :\1. Currie 
Hepresentative :\Iontreal Graduate -\ssocia- 
ti'ln, :\Iiss .-\. Pllrtenu!'. 

L' \'isoclation des Gardes-\laladt:'s Graduét:'s de 
I'H>>pital :\"otre-Dame 
Exeeutif: :\Iesdemoiselles .-\lice Lepine, Présidente; 
,\Iiee Gelinas, \ïce-Présidente; ,-\line Leduc, 2ième 
\"ice-Prisidente; Huzanne Girou-..:, TrésoriÈre; :\Iargue- 
rite Pauze, :-:eerí,taire; Conseillères: :\Iesdemoiselles 
Germaine Brisset, Irene Rouillard, Eu!.'"enie Tremhlay, 
Francoise C'he\'rier, ,Juliette Reaulieu. 

A.A., \lontrt:'al Gen('ral Hospital 
Hon. President, :\Iiss F. E. Strumm; Hon. \"il'e- 
Iiss :\1. K. Holt; President, :\Iiss E. Frances 
Upton; First Vice-President, :\Iiss :\1. Mathe\\son; 
:-'erond Vice-President, 
Ijss J. :\Iorell; Hecordinl!: 
:-:e('retary. :\Iiss II. Tracey; C'orrespondinl/: 
:\Irs. E. C. :\Ienzies; Treasurer (-\lulIlnae Association 
and :\Iutual Benefit -\ssoeiation), :\Iiss Isabel Davies; 
Hon. Tre'lsurer, :\Iiss H. :\1. Dunlop; Executive C'om- 
mittee, Miss .-\. Whitney. :\Iiss :\1. :\1. .Johnston, :\Iif'!' 
II. I1ewton, :\Irs. L. Fisher, :\Irs. S. Hamsey; Repre- 
spntatives to Prirate Dut.ll Section: 
Iiss L. l"rquhart 
(C'onvener), :\liss E. Elliott, :\Iiss E. l\Iarshall; 
Hepresentativ('s tn The {'anadian Nurse, :\Iiss :\1. E. 
IIUJ 1 ter, :\Iis... :\1. Call1pbell; Uepresentatives to Local 
('ounC'il of Women, :\liss G. Cnlley, :\lÏss :\1. Hoss; 
:-:ick \ïsitinl!: Committee. :\Iiss F. E. Strumm, :\Iiss 
B. Herman; Proe:ramme Committee, :\lÏss Isabel 
Davies, :\Iise :\Iartha Bat!\IIn: Refreshment C'ommittee, 
:\Iiss ,I. Parker (C'onvener). :\Iil's :\1. \\ allaC'p, \liss E. 
('hure.h, :\Iiss E. ,-\. Rogerf'. 

A.A.. Royal Victoria Hospital 
President, :\Ii
f' :\1. F. Hersey; Firf't \ïpe-Pres;dent, 
'fis".J. 'tpvpnson: 
pc'oncl \ï,'p-Prf'sidpnt, \lr... Gripve; 

Hecording :-:e,'retary. :\Iiss E. B. UOl!:prs; :'ecretan-- 
freasurer, :\Iisf! h:. Jamer, Hoyal \"ict(Jria lIollpitãJ; 
Exeeutiv(' Committee, :\Ir!!. E. Rohprts, :\Irll. G. C. 
:\lplhado, :\lrs. Prideau-..:, :\Iisse
 E. EUpr. E. Reid, 
\. Bulman; CU1/veners of Committee..: Finanee, :\1 ise D. 
Campbell; fo:ick \ïsitinl/:, :\Iiss R. Fellcmes; Programm(', 
:\Irs. K. Hutchison; Refreshments, :\liss :\1. Ro\\ ley; 
Private Duty Section, :\Iiss R. Cochrane; Hppreøenta- 
tives to Local CounC'ils of \Vomen, :\Iiss .J. :-:tevensol', 
:\Irs. E. Cooper; Heprespntativ(' to Thp {'mwdia" 
Nurse, :\Ii
s E. .\llder. 

A.A., Women's General Hospital, Westmount 
Hon. Presidents, Miss E. Trench, 
\liss F. George: 
President, Mrs. L. 1'1. Crewe; First \"iee-President. 
:\Irs. A. Chisholm; Second Vice-President, Miss Martin; 
Recording Secretary, Miss C. :\Iorro\\; Corresponding 
SeC'retary, :\lif'S E. 1'loore; Treasurer. :\Iise E. I. 
Franei". 1210 SU"
ex .-\ \"e., :\Iontreal; f-;ick \lsiting, 
:\Iiss G. Wil
nn, !\liss L. Jensen; Private Duty: Mrs. 
T. Hobertson, :\Ii
s L. 
miley; Representative to Tht 
('anadian .Vurse, :\Iise 
. Bro\\n; Social Committee, 
:\Irs. E. Drake. Regular monthly meetinl/: every third 
Wednesday, 8 p.m. 

A.A., School for Graduate Nurses, 'lcGUl 
HOll. President, :\liSl! Mary 
amuel; Hon. \"iee- 
Iif's Bertha Harmer; lion. 
Iembers. :\lil'f' 
:\1. F. Hersey, :\Iiss Grace :\1. Fairley, Dr. Helell 
H. Y. Reid, Dr. :\Iaude Abhott, :\Irs. R. W. H('ford. 
:\Iiss 1\1. L. :\Ioag; President, :\Iif's :\Iadeline Taylor, 
\Ïctorian Order of Nurses, 1246 Bishop 
t.; Vice- 
President, :\Iiss :\larion E. Kash, \ï('torian Order of 

urses. 1246 Bishop fo:t.; Secretary-TreBl'urer, :\fiBs 
'I. E. Orr, The 
hriners' Hospital. ('edar Ave., :\lont- 
real; Chairman, Flora l\ladeline Sha\\, :\Iemorial Fund, 
:\liss E. Frances Upton, 1396 St. Catherine St. \\.; 
Programme ConVener, Mise F. :\leQuade, "'omen's 
General Hospital. l\lontreal; Herre
entatives to Local 
Council of Women, Miss Lil!:gett, :\Iills Parry; Repre- 
sentatives to The Canadian Nurlle, .-\dministratioll, 
:\lil's B. Herman, \\. estern Division, :\Iontreal General 
Hospital; Teachine:, :\lif'S E. R. Hogers, Royal \ïctoria 
Hospital; PubliC' Health. l\liBs E. (,hun'h, \ïetorian 
Order nf Xurses, 1240 Bishop St. 

A.A., Jeffrev Hale's Hospital 
Hon. President. :\lrs. Barrow; President, :\Iise D. 
.Jackllon; First \ïce-President, :\Iiss E. FitzpatriC'k; 
:-'eeond \ ice-Pref'ident, :\lrs. C. Younl/:; Uecordinp: 
:-:eeretary, :\Iiss E. :\lcCallum; Corrf'f'pondinl/: :-:et're- 
Iif's :\1. Fischer; Treasurer, 
Iif's E. :\Idlarg; 
Heprel'entative to The {'anadian Nursr. :\Iisll X 
'Iartin; Prirate Duty Section: :\Iise G. :\Iartin; Si..k 
\ïf'itinl/: Committee, :\Irs. Barrow and :\Irf'. Buttimc-r('; 
Hefref'hment Committef', :\Irs. :\Ielling, :\li8/1 Weary, 
:\Iiss Hansen. "if's :\h'Clintoch; CounC'illors. :\Iise 
IlIIri(', :\Irll. ('raip:, :\Irs. JaC'kson, :\liB8 !\Iackay, :\lil'lI 
B. .\damll. 

A..\., Sherbrooke Hospital 
lion Prpsident8, :\Ii!<
 E. FranC'('s rpton, :\lÏss Helen 
:'. Buck; President, :\lrs. N. :-:. Lothrop; First \ïc('- 
Presidpnt, :\Irf'. W. Davey; :-'econd \"i..e-Preøident. 
:\Iise \'. Beane; Se('retary, :\Iiss E. :\Iorillette; Treasurer, 
\liSR Ali('e LYllter, !'-:herbrook(' HOllpital; Hepresentati,'p 
tn Thl' ('a1/arlial/ .v,tr.'I'. 'Ii".. .J. \\'ardlC'\",rth 

. . . OFF. . . DUT}T . 

A Scottish gentleman. . once u'rote LI poem about seeing ourselves 
as others see US . . . we thought about this .. the other da)' . . . lvhdc 
plunging through snowdrifts . in a bus . . . in f1 ont of itS . . , were tu'o ladies 
engaged in earnest COfll'ersation . . . we tried not to listen but the 
l'oices were oJ that penetwting quality . . . which encolmlges eavesdropPing 
hy 't1w
ing it cO'inpulsory "we have had . to hat'e one . . . in the 
house for the last three wec
s" . said the lady with the synthetic 
. pearl earnngs . . . "you þoor dears" cooed the laåy with the bêret Ol'é,' 
one ear . . . .. hou: dreadful for you .. what is she li
e?" . . . "Well, not as bad 
(IS the one . . . I had when Clarence was born . . . I thin
 of her . . . every time 
I see the ring she made on the bedside table . by ptttting a wet glass on It 
the night that the doctor said . . . he had never seen .. a case so unusual . . . 
LIS mine . . . 'You see, my dear . . . what happened was this" . . . at this point 
the lights changed . . . and the bus stopped . . . but not the voice it went 
right on . . . but mercifully changed the subject . . . to something less intimate 
. . . "and such an apþetite . . . even when I couldn't swallow. . . anything but 
jluids. . the maid had to cool{ meals. . . just for her. . . a cormorant, my dear 
. . . 1 assure you. . and now we have to have another of them , . . because 
Clarence has measles .. and we cottldn't send . . . such a highly-strung chi!d 
. . . to an)' of these dreadful hosp:tals .. where he mlght be . . . put in a 
ward . . . {.(.lith horrid little children .. who scream all da)' Clarence cries 
a great deal . . . and an imaginative child . . . must be sympatheticaUy understood 
. . . yes, she seems rather good . . . with children . . . C'arence b:t her . . . 
when she first came . . . bttt now he seems different . except when I am there 
. . . and then of courSe . . . the poor little darling . real zes how much he 
misses . . . his mother's care" . . . the bus stopped agam . . . and the lady prepared 
to descend . . . "Goodbye, my dear. . . I must hurry . . . that nurse has to be 
relieved . . . for two hours . . . so 1mreasonable of her . because Clarence 
screams . . . all the time she is awa)' . . . he is such a hIghly-strung child . the 
doctor says I must neva" . . . the bus driver murmured . . . a few words . in 
emphatic French . under his breath . the lady dlsembar
ed . . . the bus 
started with a Jerk. . (md we got off. at the next corner . . . still thin
ùbout . . . the httge aJlpetit
s of COHJlOWlltS . . . 


VOl. xxx, N". 2 



Shop with ItS and 


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Uniforms of such ex- 
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6._f,& eO. 


Manitoba Nurses' Central Directory 

Registrar-ANNIE C. STARR; Reg. N. 
Phone 30 620 
753 Wolseley Avenue, Winnipeg, Man. 


General Health 


A Victoria Nurse says: 
..they are \\ordufuJ." 
-They will not collapse 
-Will not pull off, and 
can be put on with one 
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Large Size 25c, Small 10c 
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laurenllan laboralories 
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Made in Canada 


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The Central Registry Graduate Nurses 
Phone Garfield 0382 
91 Balsam Ave., Hamilton, Onto 

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Subscription rate $2.00 per year in Canada. Foreign postage fifty cents additional. 
Please send 'The Canadian Nurse to: 

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VOL. xxx, No. 1 

1)1. XXX 
I ARCH 1934 
I). 3 



ned end Published 
50CIA nON 

JUNE 25th to 30th, 1934 

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Experienced Nurses know that these famous 
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. . . THE tendency to overeat, 
overindulge and underexercise 
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BiSoDoL to give quick, safe relief. 
The combined action of magnesium 
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neutralization of excess acid without 
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hl Common eolJs 

When you wish to build "alkali 
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Now. . . for Convenience. . . 
Phillips' Milk of Magnesia Tablets 
The new tablet form exerts the s:mH" 
therapeutic effects as the liquid. Ea('h 
tahlet represents a teaspoonful of 
liquid Phillips' :\Iilk of :\lagnt:':-;i:1. 
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Doses: -.-\
 an antacid for childrelJ ï 
to 14 years, 1 to 2 tahlets; aR a mild 
laxative 2 to -! tablets. 
For adults: 2 to -1 tahlet:, as an ant arid ; 
:1S a mild laxative 4 to 8 tahl('t

Sall/pl!.'; am/liltratlll'f UII 1'fl[lIfsl. 

Milk of Ma
pared only by 
The Chas. H. Phillips Chemical CO. 
Selling Agents: 
The Wingate Chemical (0. ltd. 




fhe 1934 ::::tate Board Questions aud .\ll:;\\erS for :\ur
e" is ready. This edition \\as edited and revised 
by 11 eminent active teaehers in important institutions and eontains the actual questions asked by state 
examining boards for nurse;:. It ('ontains the ne\\('r type of queFtions enough to mahp a book. O,.tavo. 
1001 pages. Cloth $3.50. 
ATOl\t Y 
Ol"tavo. 509 pageF.a58 il!u;:trations, 
2 in {'olors. Cloth 
a.50. By Esther :\1. Greisheimpr. n.:'., \1..\.. 
Ph.D., \J.D.. .-\sso{'iatp ProfesFllr of Phy;:iology, (rniversity of \IinneRota. 


Etnerson's -ESSENTIALS OF 

Crown octavo. 59:? pages. 15:
 illustrations. Cloth $;{.50. By Charles Phillips Emerson, \LV., Professor 
of \Iedicine, Indiana Cniversit
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ellie Gates Bf()\\n, H.
., Assistant Director, Indiana t:"niversity 
Traininl!: Sehool for 

Cooper's -
OO.taTO. 605 pages. 103 illustrations. ('loth $3.50. Hy Lenna F. Cooper, Edith \1. Harber, Helell :-:. :'.lit(.hell. 


Octavo. :?69 pages. Cloth $3.00. By Gretehen O. turos, Department of :\'ursing Edw'ation, (':\;'8 Tel'h- 
hieal HiJ!;h 
chool. Detroit, \Iichigan. 


Children's Memorial Hospital 


A three months course is offered to Graduate 
Nurses which includes systematized theoretical 
instruction and supervised clinical experience 
in the following services: 

General Hygienic l\fanagemen t 
and Nursin
 of Children. 
Nursing Care and Feeding of 
Nursing Care of Orthopaedic 
l\ledical Asepsis and Cubicle 

. \ certific.J.te \\ ill be granted upon the suc- 
cessful completion of the course. 
Full maintenance and an allowance of $10.00 
per month \'viii be provided. 
For further particulars apply to: 
Tim Sl PERI!\l'E:\DEr\T OF !\;l'RSES 

School for Graduate Nurses 


Director: BERTHA HARMER, R.N., M.A. 


Teaching in Schools of Nursing 
Supervision in Schools of 
Administration in Schools of 
Public Health Nursing 
Supervision in Public Health 

,-\ certijicatt is grauted upon successful cUlllple- 
tion of an approved programme of studies, 
covering a period of olle academic year, in any 
of the above courses. 
A dipluma is granted upon successful comple- 
tion of a major course, covering a period of 
two academic years. 
For information apply to: 

\leGiII University, \Iontreal 

VOL. XXX, No. 3 


Canad ian 


A Monthly Journal for the Nurses of Canada 
Published by th
 Canadian Nurses Association 





R. P. WRIGHT, M.D., Department of Oto-Laryngology, The Montreal General Hospitdl. 

Broadly speaking, malignant tumours 
or cancer are made up of cells which dif, 
fa from the mother tissue from which 
they originate. The more widely they 
differ, the greater is their malignancy and 
the tendency to form metastases. Cancer 
tumors found in the upper air passages 
may he primary growths, or they may be 
secondary, that is metastatic, coming via 
the hlood or lymph streams from else' 
where in the body. The primary are much 
the more common. 
Cancer may he roughly divided into 
two gre,lt classes, carcllloma and sarcoma, 
hut there are a very great number of 
suhdlvisions, clOd thIs number is being 
const.-tntly added to by improving 
ml?thods of technic in the laboratories. 
Sarcoma is composed of embryonic types 
of connective tissue which continues to 
grow independent of the surrounding 
tissues. It tends to spread hy the blood 
stream. Sarcomata are found in the nose, 
l1.lsopharynx, larynx, palate, tonsil audi, 
tory nerve and the inner, middle and 
CJ\.tern.-t1 cars. Carcinoma is a malignant 
tumour springing from epithelial struc' 
tures. It has a gre,lt tendency to infil, 
tr,lte, and spreads chiefly hy the lympha, 
tics. Flat cell c,lrcinoma is found in the 
pharynx, l.lrynx, auricle, mouth and 
freljuently at the junction of skin and 
mucous memhrane as the lips. Cylindri' 
c,ll cell carcinoma develops from the 
mucous memhrane and is found in the 
nas,ll c,lvity, sinuses, nasapharynx. laryn\. 
,lIld Eu.;;tachian tuhcs. Adeno carCinnl11.l 


developes from glandul.-tr epithelium and 
is found in the salivary glands and seba, 
ceous glands of the auricle. Epithelio, 
mata of the auricle, the middle ear, 
mastoid and auditory nerve are not 
It is impossible to group the symptoms 
.-tnd course of cancer in the upper air 
p.-tssages. Almost every case differs from 
the otha. For instance a cancer of the 
larynx may hegin with only a slight hus, 
kiness or tiring of the voice, and show 
no other symptoms for weeks or months. 
Another, in practically the same situa' 
tion, will begin with a trouhlcsom\.' 
tickling cough, lancin.-tting pain, difficulty 
m swallowing solid foods, or hy expecto, 
r.-ttion of blood. A tumour of the nose 
may be unnoticed for many months, or 
show just a slight ohstruction to breath, 
mg, while another almost similar case 
will hegin with discomfort. pain, cpis' 
t,nis and foul discharge. 
C'arÓnOI11.l molY attack (lny portion of 
the nose or accessory sinuses, the symp' 
toms ,lre most indefinite and it is very 
di fficult to make e.-trly di.-tgnosis. Pain is 
,llways present l.lte in the disl?ase. and IS 
usually l.-tncinating and sever\.' in char,lc 
ter. There is oft\.'n hleedmg, hut not so 
freLJuently as in sarcoma. FreLJuently 
there is a mucopurulent dIscharge and 
nasal obstruction, and if thl..'re is e:-.ten 
sion to the ey\.'s. there I1UY hI..' ,l proptosis, 
th,lt is ,l protru.;;ion of the cy\.'. \\'hl..'n thl' 
tumour hr\.',lks Jown. it usu.dly 1\.',lWS 
,l dú'p r,H!t!ed \llù'r with (,tfl..'nsi\'c sl..'cn' 


THl' (:ANA.I)IAl\; Nl'RSl 

tIon. In s.lrCOl1M, the e.lrli
st symptom 
is usually obstruction and nasal dis, 
charge: ulceration comes later and gives 
a very offensive discharge, often blood 
stetincd. P,tin is less pronounced than in 
,l. There may he deformIty of 
the tissues due to pressure of 
the growth from within, or due to direct 
extension to the external tissues. 
Soft palate carcinnmet usually appears 
lette in life. The first symptom is loss of 
free movement of the palate, then faulty 
phonettion, regurgitation of food through 
the nose, later ulceration, haemorrhage 
,mJ laryngeal symptoms. In sarcoma the 
tumour is irregular and slo\"\' in growth. 
Symptoms are nasetl ohstruction and 
faulty phonation: ulceration anJ pain 
.lppear late. Tonsil carcinoma is rather 
rare, and usu
dly invokes the pillars and 
tongue as wdl. It retpiJly extends to 
other tissues. The symptoms at first are 
increased salivation, later purulent, and 
l1l,lrked cachexia is early, then rainful 
swallowing. Hacmorrhages arc frequent' 
Iy noted after ulcer,ltion anJ there arc 
oftl'n changes in tonc of voice anJ danger 
of eJema of the glottis during the later 
st;lges. rain fortunately appears early 
.1I1J draws attention, etnd is increa
ed on 
swetllowing. There is impairment of 
hreetthing and speech. I use the term 
fortunately here, .lS this alone will some' 
times bring the patient to the physician 
Cd.rly anJ therefore giv
 a hetter oppor, 
tunity for successful treatment. 
Carcinoma of the larynx is quite com' 
mon and may be intrinsic or extrinsic. As 
tuberculosis lues and non,malignant 
growths give rise to similar symptoms the 
diagnosis is difficult, hut always in people 
over forty years of age who have husky 
voices (laryngitis) for more than two 
weeks suspect cancer. Huskiness is the 
first symptom, then irrit;1ting cough, later 
p,tÏn, and when ulceration sets in, fctid 
odnur and rapid emaciation. 
Sarcoma of the larynx may occur at 
.myal';c. First, huskiness rapidly followed 
hy intl'rfercnce with respiration, hacking 

cough, .11ld offensive secretIOn. The 
growth is much more rapid than in car' 
cinoma. At first it is round, smooth, pale 
in colour, then it rapidly enlarges anJ 
hreaks down. P etin is more irregular and 
usually less severe. The pain in extrinsic 
growths is more pronounceJ than in the 
intrinsic cases. 
Early cancer can be cured either by 
surgery, radium, X'ray or diathermy, or 
with combinations of these ]l1eans. Late 
cancer cannot be cured by any means anJ 
treatment is merely palliative to relieve 
pain and prolong life. An early Jiagnosis 
is thc great essential. Unfortunately, in 
hospital practice, we find the great 
majority too late to save them. Surgery 
is still the best n1L,thod for cancer attack. 
In most locations such as lip, tongue anJ 
, it is usuetl to follow the opera' 
tions with raJium or X'ray to endeavour 
to kill off any possible cancer cells, espe, 
(:',dly in the glanJ areas. The surgical 
treatment of cancers in these petrts is 
,dways a ITletjlH" operettion and is usuetlly 
vcry mutilating. Owing to the different 
locations cancer may spring from, c,tLh 
opl:r ettion has to he especially thought 
out. It is now usual after any Olk'rd.tlOn 
to follow up with either radium or deep 
X'rety or a combÍJld.tion of both, hecausc 
it is impossible to say whether or not 
there ar
 any canc
r cells still in the sur 
rounding tissul's, particularly 1n the 
Radium is an clement which does not 
exist in nature in a pure state. It con' 
stantly g
\'es off rays, some of them very 
like the rays of X'ray. There are three 
types of rays, Alpha, Beta anJ Gamma. 
For treatment the Alpha rays are not 
used, and can he easily filtered, that is 
a shed of paper is able to stop them. 
Beta rays are more penetrating and can 
he largely stopped by 2 m.m. of brass, 
or its equivalent in other metals. Gamma 
rays élre more penetrating and will pass 
through '2.5 c.m. of lead. The Gamma 
rays are lar.gely used for treating cancer. 
RaLlon is a sort of gas or emanation given 
VOL xxx, No. 3 


off from radium when in solution. It is 
collected and put in smd.ll seeds of gold, 
platinum or glass. It rapidly loses its 
strength and at the end of six days is 
valueless. These seeds can be Implanted 
into and around the tumour and left there 
permanently. Radium salts are used in 
needles of different strengths and differ- 
cnt filters. The needles may be left in 
the tumour for a few hours to a week 
or more. Radium tubes contain heavier 
doses and are used in cavities such as 
the nose and antrum, usually. for twelve 
to twenty-four hours. Surface radiation 
is done in the hospital by using radium 
needles on wax Gists, such as the collar. 
There are many forms of applicators. 
Radium is very dangerous. If im- 
properly handled It may cause horrible 
burns of the soft tissues and aeries of the 
bone. Handling it constantly may bring 
,lbout an anaemia and changes in the 
skin. Radium needles or containers should 
never be handled by the bare hands. 
Always use long forceps to pick up the 
needles or seeds and immediately place 
them in the speciallcad containers. Like- 
wise in handling the collars, pick thcm 
up by thc extreme edges to avoid contact 
with the implanted needles, and it is 
,ldvisahle to WCdf rubher gloves as well. 
In many hospit..lls where much radium 
IS used, the nursing st,df is alternated 
to avoid prolonged exposure to the rays. 
Those who work with radium constantly 
:,hould have blood examinations made at 
intervals of one tü three months to note 
,my approach of anaemia. If a patient 
happens to have a needle lost in the tis- 
sues or swallowed, it must be found and 
removed, otherwise it will injure or 
destroy normal tissue; r,ldium burns and 
ulcers arc very slow in he<J ling. 
Some tumors are very radio'sensitive, 
and disappear quickly, others arc radio- 
resistant. Strange to say the radio-sen- 
sitive type arc usually thc most malig, 
nant. The dose of r c\diul1l is estimated 
hy the size and type of tumour, hy the 
,unount of radllH11 ll:,cd, the .\lnount ot 

I\1-\RCH, ]CH-t 


filter, (U1d the distance from the tumour. 
For instance, 10 mg. of radium for 10 
hours- ---::: 100 mg. hours, and is the same 
as 1 mg. of radium for 100 hour s= 100 
mg. hours. Radon is measured in mili 
curies: the number of milicuries to be 
used depends upon the si 4 e of the tumour 
as well as upon the type of tumour cell. 
Before the use of radium or X-ray, care- 
ful inquiry regarding previous treatments 
is necessary in order to avoid burning or 
over-radiating the tissues and causing 
radiation burns. It is known that irr
diation, either X-ray or radium, has a 
selective action on the growing cancer 
cell. The more unlike the cancer cell is to 
normal tissue the greater is its sensitivity 
to radiation, therefore, in tumours, it is 
possible to actually kill the cancer cell 
without great injury to the normclJ tissue. 
The use of radium produces the fol- 
lowing effects: 
Nausea and some prostration after large 
doses for the first one to two days. 
Swelling, redness and congestion of the 
part for twenty-four hours. 
Diminution in si
e of tumour. If I-oen
this diminution may be seen twenty-four hours 
after. If resistant, after three to four week... 
Skin changes are shown by reddening or 
early blisterIng. This is called the erythema 
dose, and should not be heavier. 
Mucous membranes are first congested and 

hen a membrane forms \'ery like diphtheria 
In, appearance. 
The treatment for these red.ctions is by 
,lPplymg soothing oily salves or hlanù 
mouth washes. 
The X-ray or Ro
ntgen rd.Ys arc waves 
of radIant energy, ultra-violet, but made 
up of different wave length:,. They are 
not so penetrating as gamma rays, but by 
concentrating thcm they can be used for 
deep,lying tissues better than radium, 
The dose is ml?d.sun::d by the time of 
exposure and by the milliamperes of cur- 
rent, by the distance used and by filters. 
Their rays arc very similar to radium 
rays. They will (d::,() caus\.' the same local 
rl'actlons, reddening, hlistaing of thc skin 
.md. in \Try large d()
l's, hums and ulcer;! 



tions, and loss of hair, either temporary 
or permanent. 
Enùothermy or ùiathermy is a form of 
electro,surgery. Electric currents passing 
through a conductor generate hecl.t; in 
the (.tutery the current passes through 
a wire loor, and makes it white or red 
hot, and therehy actually burns the tis' 
sues with which it comes in contact. In 
employing the endotherm a high frequen' 
cy current is passed through cold elec, 
trodes aprlieù on the tissue. The heat is 
gencrcl.ted in the tissue itself by the resist, 
ance of the tissues to the current passing 
from une electrode to the other. The 
heat is always greatest near the smallest 
electrode, therefore we use for the small 
or active electroùe a needle or scalpel. 
The indifferent electrode is block tin or 
sheet lead, which is usually applied to the 
patient's back. The flesh around the 
needle or knife is actually cooked. The 
searing seals off the vessels except large 
arteries d.nd therefore the operation is 
almost a hloodless one, but there is often 
much sloughing afterwards and healing 
is slow, usually ahout four weeks. Gen, 
cr,ll anaesthesia is necessary, hut ether 
should not he useù due to danger of 
ignition. Following the operation always 
examine the skin for hurns where the in- 
ùitfcrent electrode was placed. Some 
hbnd ointment or horic acid should he 
useù if necessary. 
Nursing cancer cases is always difficult 
for you ùealing with a very sick type 
of p,ltient. They are usually irritable, 
nervous and frightened. They should be 
coaxed to take their food, as it is impor- 
tant to keep up the general health. 
Constipation is the general rule, so the 
use of lax;ltives, purgatives and enemas 
shoulù he intelligently alternated. In 
cancers of the mouth and throat proper 
hygiene is essential, frequent mouth 

w,lshes or IrngatIOns with plain saline 
solutions relieve pain and discomfort. A 
thin solution of glyccrin and lemon juice 
swabhed to the tongue and palate re' 
moves dry mucous and relieves burning. 
The teeth are almost always bad anù 
should be frequently cleansed. In nasal 
or post' nasal cases a few drops of mineral 
oil allowed to trickle through the nose 
relieves the irritation. If the patient 
refuses to eat, due to sore ulcers of the 
mouth, dropping the food spoonful by 
spoonful heyond the ulcer is often pas' 
sible. Bed sores are common in these 
chronic cases and should be particularly 
watched for. Sooner or later, in advanc, 
ing cancer, opiates are necessary but use 
the coal tar products, with or without 
codeine, before resorting to morphine. 
Where radium has heen applied, it is 
importcl.nt to carefully note the time it 
is applied and taken off, as the dosage is 
estimated by the time, and a half,hour, 
one way or the other, with a heavy dose 
of radium would. make a great ùifference 
in the result. Patients undergoing radium 
tre.ltment are fluid, deficient, and have a 
tendency to acidity; forcing fluids is 
therefore essential, especially alkalines 
such as small quantities of soda bicarbo, 
nate or citric acid fruit juice. As I1cI.USea 
and vomiting may be caused by radium 
amI heavy X'ray treatments", the treat' 
ments should be preceded hy laxatives, 
anù a light nutritious diet, and hy taking 
small of soda hicarbonate or a glass 
of lcmonade. The skin after treatment 
hy either radium or X'ray should be care' 
fully protected. If swollen, boric acid 
ùressings will relieve. Hot water bottles, 
iodine or other irritants are contra,indi, 
cated. After treatments the patient 
should be induced to sleep, and to take as 
much liquid nourishment and water as 

VOL. XXX, No. 1 


In a prevIOus issue of the Journal we 
promised to give more information can' 
cerning the work of some of the nurses, 
included in the New Year Honours list, 
with whom we could not get into touch 
before the February issue went to press. 
This month it is a pleasure to be able to 
do so. 
Miss Nancy Dunn, M.B.E., is é.L graùu' 
.Ite of the School of Nursing of the 
Hamilton General Hospital anù took a 








, . / t I 
! I · t' 
 - M l\i 




- -. 



postgraduate course in public health 
nursing in the University of British 
Columbiét.She W.IS attached to the Queen 
Alexandra lmperi,ll Nursing Service 
ùuring the war and was gassed during an 
air raid. After a varied professional 
experience she was appointed provincidl 
public health nurse in Sunset Prairie. 
British Columbia. Miss Dunn has been 
kind enough to allow the J ourrwl to 
puhlish the following vivid description of 
her daily round. 
Public Healt/z III SUIlset Prairie 
The women's institutes ,lsked the Government to estahlish the 
nursing service. I have cleven districts 
with an area of approximately two hun- 
dred square miles. One district, Lone 
Prairie, is isolated twenty-six miles west 
of Pine River, which is very difficult to 
cross both in summer anù winter. Each 
district has a school which I visit every 
month if possible. I make home visits 

(See 'The Cal1d"'.. I "'\, 

rv, IQH, p. 5'.) 


,l!1Ù assist the medICal officer of health 
when he e)"clmines not only the school 
children, but also the pre-school age 
group and inf,Ll1ts. These e),.aminations 
take the form of d family cl
nic which 
the parents attend. There IS a heavy per' 
centage of goitre cases d.nd it may be 
necessary to organi:e central clinics for 
this purpose. 
The women's institutes are very active 
,md I am giving two series of home nurs- 
ing classes and help the doctors with a 
summer baby clinic. \\le h.I\'e three 
excellent hospitals and a Red Cross Out' 
post and therefore encourage all mater' 
nity cases to go to them. However, I was 
called to an emergency last \,,'inter in 
one of the worst storms I have .:ver 
experienced. It was forty helow zero, 
and we playeù out two teams of horses 
gettmg there. Just .-lS I ùeli vered the 
haby, we found that the ceiling was in 
flames. Luckily the wom.In who was 
helping me kept her head, but it was a 
haù moment, for the homes are all logs 
and go in a few minutes. 
My Red ('ross cutter .-lnù olù Forù car 
t,lke the ro.-lÙ in all we,lthers. My s,lùdlc 
horse is t\\'enty-one ye,lrs olù ,md is calleù 
"Two bits", because he \\',lS won on a 
twenty.five cent rdffle ticket hy a local 
school teacher who loaned him to me. Life 




...--' .. 

Mrf;;S Dl !'!'.... RI [) CR()"

here is very hard for the \\omen. They 
h,tVC had two had years, one of drought 
.1I1d (.ne of h.111 ,lI1Ù snow 
torms which 




got the crop before the harvest-a 
serious condition where feed is short at 
the best of times. 
Public Health 011 the Tobique 
In the absence of Mrs. Edna Gaunce 
Ross, M.B.E., on a professional errand, 
the president of the Red Cross Society 
of Riley Brook was kind enough to give 
the following information concerning her 
Mrs. Ross is a native of Riley Brook, 
N. B., and received her education in 
Fredericton. She is a graduate of the 
School of Nursing of the Massachusetts 
General Hospital and practised for a few 
years as a private duty nurse. In April, 
1923, after some experience in the To- 
hique district with other public health 
nurses, she was appointed by the Red 
Cross Society as puhlic health nurse. 
When she came on duty both weather 
and roads were terrible. A shovel in a 
sleigh was as necessary as the horse. 
Doctors could not get to maternity cases 
in time but Mrs. Ross brought them 
through. Then:- were no deaths. She had 
to visit eight schools and she got the 
teachers interesteù in their own health 
.lS well as in that of the children. She 
woulù snowshoe, go in a canoe, or any 
old way, but she got there. One day, 
while with a sick child, she W(lS called 
to another home. The little French Cana- 

Ji,lIl mare soon got her there, to find a 
boy of six, \Vho had been playing with 
dynamite cartridges, and had blown his 
hand to pieces. She stopped the bleeding, 
p(Jcified the family, and got the boy to 
a doctor at Plaster Rock. He told her to 
take the boy on to Grand Falls Hospital. 
After a lot of red tape they managed to 
get the midnight freight train to allow a 
woman to get on it and reached the hos- 
pital at 3 a.m. After only four hours 
of rest she had to take the down express 
back to look after her other patieuts. 
Mrs. Ross has cleaned up skin diseases 
in the schools and has seen that the chil- 
dren's teeth are looked over and repaired. 
Her care of the mothers and babies is 
\Vonùerf ul. She teaches them all through 
the nine months. This is a hurried sketch 
.1I1Ù I can finù no photograph of Mrs. 
Ross except as one of a jolly group. She 
shares all the troubles and joys of the 
district and is sometimes the only one to 
gi""è (lny comfort. 
The Lamp Still Burns 
If ùuring rccent years we have some- 
times feared that the lamp lighted in Scu- 
t.lri might be hurning low, we may take 
fresh courage from records such as these. 
The Orùcr of the British Empire may 
well he prouù of these new members who 
ha....e so amply justified their admission 
to that distinguished comp(lny. 


Fraudulent agents are soliciting sub- 
scriptions for 'The Canadian Nurse in 
several parts of Canada and especially 
in the Province of Quebec. Please help 
us to check this abuse by refusing to pay 
cash to any agent, or to make out checks 
payable to him. Never allow canvassing 

for subscriptions among any nursing 
group unless you are willing to be per- 
sonally responsible for the canvasser. 
Never give lists of names and addresses 
to unauthorized persons. Remember that 
'The Canadian J\[urse has, at present. no 
raid agents. 

VOL. xxx, No. 


It was our privilege not long ago to 
visit the first school of nursing in Canada. 
Even in the depth of winter the land- 
scape round about Saint Catharines has 
a charm all its own. In spring and early 
summer this Garden of Ontario must be 
exquisite indeed. 
In June, the Mack Training School, 
which is associated with the General Hos- 
pital of Saint Catharines, will be sixty 
years young. an event which it proposes 
to celebrate in a manner worthy of the 
()ccasion. It is expected that Dr. F. S. 

(;n:enwoud. who is a member of the 
group shown in the accompanying illu,,' 
tration, will take part in the ceremonies. 
In him, nursing has a living link with the 
past which is probably unique in the Do- 
minion. The Alumnae Association of the 
school of nursing is collecting historical 
data and would be grateful for any in' 
formation which hears on the early his- 
tory of Dr. Mack or of the institution 
itself. Letters may be addressed to Mi
Helen Rrown at the hospital. 

I I 

 , " :) 

..,. \ 

\ "- 
. . 
. .. 









From a photograph, tal{,en in 1878. of the nursmg 
taff of the Macl{ Training Scho(ll as.\ociated 
with the General and Marine HosPital of Saint Catharines, Ontario. From left to right, 
the names of nurses are: Mary Ross. Annie Carline. Hannah Dalby. Emma Linl{e. 
Mary Scott, Mrs. Florence Wilton. 1'\-1rs. \\.ïlton was the superintendent. Miss Dalhy 
was one of the first students to graduate from the first .
chool of nursin
Canada. Dr. 7'heophilus Macl{. the founder of the ,
çhool is .
LIt tile rigJlt. At tile left is Dr. F. S. Greenwood to [("10111 
reference is made lIbot'e. 

1\1 <\fKH, 1QH 



The editorial which appeared under 
the above caption in the February issue 
of the J ourrwl had as its text the follow
ing quotation from the report of the A

erican Committee on the Costs of Medl
cal Care: Meanwhile, in so far as the 
great mass of the population is concerned, 
the need, as distinct from the effective de
mand for nursing service, goes unmet and 
will continue to do so until some system 
of distribution of nursing costs can 
devised which will bridge the econom1C 
gap between patient and nurse. 
Last month we stated our intention of 
setting down, by way of penance, some 
instances in which the puhlic has weighed 
nursing service in the balance and has 
found it to be wanting. 
W hat the Public Thinks 
1. Nursing service ought to be readily 
available for every type of illness. In 
practice this is not the case. Some nurses 
discriminate against nursing certain types 
of cases, such as obstetrical, mental and 
nervous and infectious. 
2. Nursing service ought to be avail, 
able at any time of the day or night. 
Some nurses discriminate against night 
ùuty. Service ought to be available at 
any time of the year and especially on 
holidays. It is not always readily pro' 
curable at these times. 
3. The public is confused by the multi, 
plicity of hospitals, nursing agencies, and 
reaistries and in case of illness ùoes not 
to> , 
always know where to ohtain the type of 
nursing service desired. A central bureau 
is needed where reliable advice and as' 
sistance could be obtained without delay. 
4. Nursing service ought to be avail, 
ahle in the country as well as in the city. 
It is difficult to get nurses to go to the 
rural districts. 
(This is the fourth of a series of editorials dealing 
with m:r<ing mnditinn< in C'anada.) 

5. The presence of a nurse in a home 
sometimes adds to the domestic disloca
tion which is incidental to illness instead 
of ameliorating it. 
6. Nursing care in hospitals is fre
quently hurried and impersonal. The 
nurses work like machines and have little 
real interest in their patients as people. 
7. Public health and visiting nurses do 
not always understand nor readily adjust 
themselves to family and social situations. 
8. Continuous nursing care is, in some 
cases, necessary if the patient'5 life is to 
he saved. The cost of that care is pro
hibitive to approximately half the popu' 

Are We to Blame? 
Here is the indictment. To what extent 
.lre nurses themselves guilty? Before we 
make any attempt to 
nswer that ques
tion in these pages, our readers are given 
an opportunity of reading a thought
provoking article which appears in this 
issue of the Journal entitled "The NoH' 
Nursed Sick and the Idle Private Duty 
Nurse" by Miss M
 rgaret K. Stack, 
R.N., executive secretary of the Connec
ticut State Nurses Association. We are 
indebted to The American Journal of 
Nursing and to Miss Stack herself for 
the privilege of reprinting this article, 
which will reward careful and analytical 
perusal. Miss Stack describes conditions 
as they exist in the New England States 
and suggests remedies which, in her judg
ment, might be appropriate in that 
locality. Does her forthright statement of 
the case apply in Canada? In the Apnl 
issue of the Journal we propose to state 
our case for the defence and, when pre' 
paring our hrief, we shall make use of 
much which appears to he pertinent in 
Miss Stack's presentation of our common 

(To be continued) 


VOL. XXX, No. J 


Cavcat cmptor 
In caSL, like the eùitur, you have small 
Lttin and less Greek, this phrase means 
thctt one should not sign on the dotted 
line without taking orùinary business 
precetutions. \Varnings have. been pub- 
lished in the Journal from time to time 
agetinst fraudulent dgents but in spite of 
this fact, nurses in all parts of the country 
continue to he victimizeù hy these glib 
individuals. We have circularized every 
hospital anù every nursing association in 
Canada in the hope that the activities of 
these pests may be curtailed. We now 
once more recommend that the following 
precautions be taken when subscribing to 
the Journal through any agency whatso- 
1. Never pay cash or make out a 
cheque payable to any agent. All cheques 
or money orders should be made payable 
to 'The Canadian Nurse or to a reputable 
news agency, known to you, of which the 
agent has proven himself to be the ac- 
credited representative. 
2. Please do not allow canvassing for 
subscriptions in your institution unless 
the canvasser is a registered nurse known 
to you personally or he or she can give 
you written proof of being employed by 
a n.::putetble magetzine agency which has 
etuthori::eù him or her to solicit on their 
3. At present The Canadian Nurse 
employs no paid representatives. Shoulù 
this policy change, due notice will be 

i\'Cn in the Journal, anù such represen- 
t.ttive5 will he furnished with identifica- 
tion in the form of a letter signeù by the 
editor. l Tp to the present time no such 
letters h.lve he en given to any agent. 
4. Secretaries of all nursing organiza 

:\1.-\RCtl. I'H I 

tlons anù rcglstretrs are requested not to 
give lists of names and addresses to any 
agent until they h.tve been assured by the 
eùitor of the Journal that he or she is 
authorized to request such information. 
5. If you have already subscribeù 

hrough an agent and have failed to re- 
ceive the Journal, kindly notify us at 
Traps for the Un>>ary 
While dealing with the gloomy subject 
of human guile and duplicity, reference 
will be made to a letter receiveù recently 
from Miss Helen Randal, registrar of the 
Graduate Nurses Association of British 
Columbia, which gives warning concern- 
ing yet another pitfall. MIss Randal 
writes as follows: 
One of our nurses had a rather disagreeable 
experience after she had answered an adver- 
tisement for a nurse-housekeeper or something 
of that sort, and the Council instructs me to 
write and ask if you could pnnt a warning to 
nurses in this connection. Times being as diffi- 
cult as they are today, nurses snatch at any 
chance and while I think a nurse who has had 
her training, and has cut her wisdom teeth. 
ought to be able to take care of hero.;elf, "till 
a word in the mdgazine might help. 
Under no circumstances should young 
nurses accept positions in remote settle- 
ments until they ha ve made enquiries 
from a reliable person such as the local 
teetcher or public health nurse. In the 
city, it should not be ùifficult for any 
sensible young \voman to avoid an Ull- 
ùesir etble social situ<l.tion by taking the 
precetutions which common sense inùi- 
cates to be .tppropriate in the circum- 
st.UKes. It is all very \,..ell to be as harm- 
less as a dove, but we have the authority 
of Holy Writ in suggesting that the wis' 
ùom of the serpent mu:,t h.' ùiscrcctl) 
cxcrcised occ.tsinn.t1ly. 


Department of Nursing Education 

CONVENLR OP PUBLlC^TlONS: Mis- Mildred Reid, Winnipeg General Hospital. Winnipeg, Man. 


MARION LINDEBURGH, Assistant Director, School for Graduate Nurses, 
McGill University, Montreal. 

Recent .:.urvcys and studies have ex
posed many defects and weaknesses in 
the organization and function of nursing 
education. Findings have been sufficient
ly objective to convince nursing leaders 
that certain adjustments should be made 
,lS soon as possible if nursing education 
is to meet the growing demands for effi
cÏent community service. In summary, 
these adjustments may be considered un
der the following headings: 
Adequate facilities for nursing education. 
This means the improvement of recognhed 
nursing schools, and the elimination of those 
which cannot meet sound educational stand- 
Intelligent students, selected on a basis of 
ed academic, personality and aptitude 
Properly qUdlificd nursing school faculties. 
An approved professional curriculum, 
affording adequate experience in classroom 
and clinical fields, and with sufficient com- 
munity contact to ensure a proper balance of 
the curative, preventive and health aspects in 
a well integrated educational programme. 
It was evident that the above outlined 
problems have become a conscious respon
sibility, to a greater or lesser degree, in 
the national associations affiliated with the 
International Council of Nurses. Some 
countries have accomplished much along 
certain lines while others indicate pro
gress along others. Difficulties which 
seem to be real obstacles to progress in 
some countries, appear to present no par
ticular problem in others. Nursing school 
inspection is gradually being introduced, 
and established upon a sounder educa- 
tional basis. Papers on its development 
in several countries were presented by 
Miss Eldredge of the United States; Miss 
Mackie of New Zealand; Miss Norden
d:lhl ()f S\\"cdcn: 1vfIJc dt' In,lIlni:-; of 


Fr,ll1ce: MIss Beatrice Ellis of Can,lJ,l 
.-tnd Miss Durchman of Finland. 
The Committee on the Grading of 
Schools of Nursing in the United States 
is an outstanding project in this connec- 
tion, revealing in its findings, facts relat- 
ing to educational facilities, students and 
graduates. The particular value of such 
an analysis is in the provision of data as 
a basis for reconstruction. 
The Canadian Nurses Association 
reported, as one of its major activities, 
,l11 outstanding educational objective, 
n<Jmely, "To make effective the Survey 
of Nursing Education in Canada." The 
organization of provincial machinery for 
putting recommendations into effect was 
clearly outlined: :firstly, through the 
J.gency of a National Joint Study Com
mittee with its subsidiary provincial joint 
study committees, and secondly, through 
the agency of a central curriculum com
mittee appointed under the national nurs- 
ing education section, with its corres- 
ponding provincial groups. 
Attempts are being made to improve 
the quality of nursing education in all 
countries. The minimum of nursing 
theory in relation to practice, which 
es many curricula is being re
cognized as one of the greatest weak
nesses in the programme. It has resulted 
in nurses leaving their schools practised 
only in the skills directly related to hos
pital nursing and so poorly equipped in 
knowledge and understanding of nursing 
principles that they fail, in large measure, 
to adjust to nursing service as required 
in the home and community. 
Sever.-tl countries reported progress in 
t !h.' llt-\'L'I()pn1t'nt of postgraduate study 

\"01. xxx, N". J 


through which teachers may be bctter 
prepared to interpret the undergraduate 
course in schools of nursing. Miss Isabel 
Stewart, professor of nursing education 
in Teachers College, Columbia Univer- 
sity, emphasized the need of qualified 
teaching personnel in schools of nursing, 
both in the classroom and clinical fields. 
She outlined the functions of a nursing 
school faculty as follows: 
Organization and administration of nursing 
Planning the educational programme. 
Management of personnel. 
Educational improvement and advancement 
of faculty members. 
Practically every national report made 
some mention of the efforts being made 
to improve the quality of students, 
through higher admission standards. The 
Danish Council of Nurses owns a pre- 
liminary school for prospective student 
nurses, in which are combined the educa- 
tional opportunities of a People's High 
School and a preliminary school for 
nurses. The courses offered include 
cultural and technical subjects as well as 
anatomy, physiology, hygiene and public 
health. Such a plan, controlled by the 
Nursing Council of Denmark, is a force- 
ful factor in securing a definite and 
uniform standard of preliminary educa- 
tion for prospective students. 
Intelligence and aptitude tests as 
applied to student selection are a relative, 
Iy new development in nursing educa- 
tion. Papers were presented by Miss 
Potts, of Teachers College; Miss Rogers 
of Montreal; Dr. Stein of Vienna and 
others. The objectives of such tests could 
he summari::ed as: 
To supply definite scientific information 
1 egarding the individual student as an aid in 
As an aid in meeting the individual needs 
of students, during the course of instruction. 
I t is obvious that when schools of 
nursing use more scientific methods in 
the selection of students, fewer will be 
dismissed .it the end of the probation 
period, which will rt."su1t in a 
aving of 

!\IARO-l. 1934 


c\pense to the hospit,tl, a saving of time 
(llld energy of the teaching staff, and last 
hut not least, less humiliation and dis- 
(lPpointment on the part of the students 
The organization of d preliminary 
course was presented by Miss Gullan 
S:ster Tutor, St. Thomas's Hospital, Lon- 
don, who stated that in Great Britain the 
oh,iect of the preliminary training school 
was to provide elementary professional 
instruction to candidates who have been 
accepted subject to their ability to pass 
the preliminary examination tests (as set 
hy the General Nursing Council of 
England and Wales) at the end of the 
preliminary course. In our Canadian 
schools, a preliminary period or term of 
probation has always been a part of the 
curriculum, but examinations at the end 
of that period are set and controlled by 
each nursing school. It would seem that 
the plan adopted in Great Britain, 
through which all students are subjected 
to the same examination, set and controll- 
ed by the General Nursing Council, is 
a much more efficient means of securing 
uniform standards. 
The place of mental hygiene in nursing 
education and service was ably presented 
hy Miss Effie Taylor, of Yale University 
School of Nursing. Miss Carlsson, of 
Stockholm, dealt with the place of such 
instruction in the basic course. The 
standing committee on mental nursing 
and hygiene of the LC.N. presented the 
following recommendations: 
That all general hospital schools of nurSIn

include in the hasic course of instruction the 
rrincirles of mental nursing and hygiene. 
That in:.trudion in mental hygiene begin 111 
the coursc, and a:. far as possihl,' 
be woven into the courses concerned with the 
principles and rractice of and the 
. hlOlogical and ..ocial sciences. 
\\'hen the Celre of the "1I::k peltJcnt 
thelt the individual, in his entirety, be taJ.
into con..idereltion, and the mental. 
{)cial and 
ical conditions hl' cOIbidcred 111 thl'Ir 
I dation to each other 
In ollkl tll rJIIIIlI.Il' 11\1.. kll1J ot 111"1111\11' . 



instructors and head-nurses be encouraged to 
prepare themselves to give this point of view. 
The inclusion of public health in the 
basic course w.ts a topic in which much 
intcrest w.ts shown. It is the opinion of 
the large m.tjority of nursing leaders that 
such instruction should be the respon- 
sibility of the undergraJu(lte school, 
r .tther than considered in terms of 
specialization (lfter gradu(ltion. The 
st(lI1Jing committee un puhlic health 
Ilursin a recommended that c.trcful study 
be made of the prep.tration of the public 
health nurse by incorporating the pre- 
ventive and social <lspects of public 
health in the basic curriculum. 
This report would be incomplete if 
special reference were not made to a 
section meeting dealing with new devel- 
opments in nursing. Miss Laura Logan 
presented a paper on "Research work 
in nursing technique" and Dr. de la Ri 
vière, Institut Pasteur, Paris, spoke on 
"Scientific principles and their applica- 
tion to nursing." The speakers empha- 
si.:;ed the importance of nursing tech- 

niques being baseJ upon scientific 
principles. If nursing is to be classed 
with other professions, as an art anJ a 
science, the latter must unJerlie and 
govern the former. Nursing .schools have 
a strong and persistent tendency to con- 
tinue in the pr,tctice of techniques which 
h.t\"t::' .tlways characterized their nursing 
pn.h:edurcs and to accept them without 
yuestioll hecause "it has always been so," 
However, this std.tic situation is gr.tduaIIy 
heing offset through research. Techniques 
are being subiected to scientific analysis 
.tnJ, through a careful study of under- 
ng principles, nursing procedures are 
taking new form. Several demonstrations 
of nursing techniques were provided 
during the course of the programme. 
The comments and criticisms offered 
Jefinitely indicated that there is a grow- 
ing analytic attitude towards traditional 
techniques. Such an approach will lead 
to the revision of nursing techniques and 
point the way to more scientific and 
hetter nursing. 



TRL:CTF\) IN 1933. To m' RE-OPt
1:D MAY '24. 19H. 


VOL. J\.xx, Nu. J 

Department of Private Duty Nursing 

CONVENE" OP PUBLlC^TIONS: Misa Jean Davidson, Paris. Onto 


MARGARET K. STACK, R.N., Executive Secretary, The Connecticut State Nurc;{'!> 
Association, Hartford, Conn., U.S.A. 

While economic conditions of the past 
few years h(lve contnhuted to the unem- 
ployment of privd.te duty nurses, there 
.tre other factors which cannot be over- 
looked. I will state them briefly, and 
then discuss them: 
1. The increase in the number of hospitals 
,md the number of hospital beds. 
2. The increase in the number of training 

chools for nurses, the increase in the number 
of student nUr
es, dnd the corresponding in- 
crease in the number of nurses graduated 
3. The obsolete methods which are used by 
pri\ ate duty nurses to make their services 
.l vailable. 
4. The illdbility of a ldrge proportion of the 
publIc to meet the expense of registered nurse 
5. The gradual encroachment and increase 
in numbers of the untrained, unclassified, 
unreguldted persons who call themselves 
nurses. into the registered nurse's field. 
It is apparent that the field of the 
privd.te duty nurse is being reduced hy 
the increase in the number of hospital 
heds, the increase in the number who use 
the, and the increase in the 
number of puhlic hed.lth nursing associa 
A second factor tlMt hlls contributed 
to the unemployment of the priv
,te duty 
nurse is the increase in the number of 
training schools, students, and registered 
A third f d.ctor that has helped to bring 
;lhout the present situation for private 
duty nurses is the obsolete method which 
they use to n1.lke their services av.lilable. 
There heen II gener.d speeJing up in 

(Through the CUUrt.:sy of The Arnenum ]oIl7n.I1 of 
'(IIYSing and uf thc author. Miss Mdrgar
t K. Stack. 
R.N.. we are rrn ,lc\o:cd to rublish a slil:hlly al->ridRcd 
\ ersion of thIs article which will be found in (ull in tho' 
}..nuary i
'lIe of'Thc "mcTiCI1>1 rnUT11.11 of 
1I7.1i"lZ. r. n) 


the production of nurses but there hlls 
been no concerted effort on the pd.rt of 
the privlltl' Juty g-roup d.S a body to 
their services aVd.ilable except in the same 
Wd.Y as they did twenty-five years ago. 
In praLtising her profession, the priv- 
llte duty nurse has been a free lance. She 
has worked or not, in the home or hos- 
pit. l l, as she wished. She has taken this 
and refused that. She has gone on her 
vacation when she wished, even though 
there may have been few or perhaps no 
nurses at all left on call. Such methods 
of work have caused the feeling to grow 
up among physicians and others thllt 
registered nurses are very "choosy" about 
their cases; that they prefer hospital to 
home, and that there is no surplus 
of priv,lte Juty nurses. Becd.use of these 
fd.cts, I think we are correct in saying 
that the incred.sing tendency on the part 
of private duty nurses to prefer to work 
in the hospitd.l rather than in the home 
has not been for strengthening the posi- 
tion of privd.te duty nursing in the 
Conse4.uently the untrained woman 
cd.I1ing herself a practicd.l nurse has red.p- 
ed something to her .ldvantage which she 
JId not sow and to which in many cases 
she is not entitled. 
A fourth, and a very important, factor contrihuted to the unemployment 
of the private duty nurse is the in
of the public to P"lY for the ;:,Lrvices of 
.l registered nurse. Because of the I.H:k 
of work there are hundreds of registCfed 
 who .lre either \\ ithout the me.lI1s 
11f e.lfI1Ínc- .l lin'lihood OJ who .It least 
111\.'rdy d\\.' out .111 l'",i

11 , 



A"yorle May Call Herself a Nurse 
The fifth factor under discussion is 
L'mbodied in the following quotation 
from the 1932 issue of the Pacific Coast 
Journal of Nursing. 
fhe reason that the practical nurse has 
encroached so far mto the field of the regis- 
tered nur
e is only partly an economic one; it 
 largely an educational reason. It is de- 
plorable but true that many graduate nurses 
have little of value to offer to offset the home 
lahor of the practical nurse, and that little is 
not .worth the difference in the cost of service. 
The doctor in consequence says, "V ou can 

et dlong with a practical nurse"; and the de' 
ion deepens for the graduate nurse. 
We do not have untrained doctors, 
untrained lawyers, untrained dentists. If 
you are sick the doctor who treats you 
must be a graduate of a medical school 
and have a state licence; the druggist 
who compounds your medicine must be 
a graduate of a pharmacy college and be 
licenced by the state. I f you call in a 
"cosmetician" she must have a state Ii, 
cence; if your teeth need filling only a 
dentist can do it, and he must have a 
state licence; if you are a man and wish 
a barber to shave you, he must have a 
state licence; if you call in a chiropodist, 
he must have a state licence; if you call 
an optometrist to adjust your glasses, he 
must have a state licence; if you wish a 
registered nurse to give you nursing care, 
she must have a state licence; if you con' 
suIt a lawyer to make your will, he must 
ha ve passed the state bar examination, 
and be sworn in by a judge of the Super- 
ior Court. If, however, the care given 
by the holders of these state licences has 
been of no a vail, and your time has come 
to join the great beyond, fear not, the 
state is not relaxing its care in your last 
moments-for the undertaker who is to 
bury you must have a state licence. From 
birth to death on your journey through 
life (be your birth assisted by a doctor 
or by a midwife) to the undertaker who 
buries you, you are gUd.rded by state 
licences on all sides with one glaring ex' 
l."ertion-the practical nur!;e. 

If you wish, you may employ .my per' 
.;un who calls herself a nurse. Such a 
person is required to have no training, 
she is required to take no examination, 
she is free to nurse all types of cases, and 
she is not required to have a licence. 
I believe the time is here, right now, 
when the nursing profession should leave 
no stone un turned in an effort to get the 
word "nurse" protected by legislation by 
defining who may practice as a nurse. 
Three Groups of Pr;'JIate Nurses 
Today in public health nursing as in 
schools of nursing, special training for 
the staffs h(ls been stressed and to a large 
degree required. There has not been, 
however, any great emphasis placed on 
the need for special preparation for 
private duty nursing; therefore all 
nurses who cannot qualify or secure posi, 
tions in other branches of nursing drift 
into the private duty field, where they 
dr<1 g down the standards of the good 
private duty nurses. 
In the private duty field there has been 
no way for the nurse to keep up to date 
except by her own initiative. Public 
health nursing organizations have con' 
ferences to give their staffs the latest in 
the public health nursing field, and 
training school executives have similar 
plans for keeping their staffs abreast of 
the times. It is not done in the private 
duty field. Neither are any standards set 
for admission to the private duty :field 
except as the individual nurses set their 
own standards. 
It is my belief that very soon we shall 
have not only definite standards for en' 
trance to the private duty field, but that 
we shall have three types of registered 
nurse service. If such a plan were in 
operation today, more registered nurses 
would be working, and more sick people 
would be having skilled nursing care. 
The first group would consist of regis, 
tLred nurses who have had postgraduate 
preparation for special types of nursing 
.;uch as rsychiatric, ohstetrical, and pedia, 

VOL. xxx, No. 


trie, dnd who by virtu
 of their ;:,pecial 
preparation and skill should command a 
higher salary than those without such 
special training. 
The second group would consist of 
registered nurses who would do the bulk 
()f private duty nursing, whether in the 
home or in the hospital, and who have 
chosen private duty nursing because they 
like it aml not because it is a step to 
s Hneth
ng else. They would be able to 
make their adjustments well in all kinds 
of homes, and they would have a desire 
to keep up to date. Their work might 
he termed "general practice" in contrast 
to the special work of those in the first 
The third group would consist of 
registered nurses who, either because of 
a partial physical disability, or because of 
declining years, no longer feel equal to 
giving physically whdt is required on 
acute cases, and who are willing to work 
for a smaller salary than those in group 
This plan may sound radical now, pdr, 
ticularly as regnds the sliding scale of 
salaries; but we must remember that a 
sliding scale of sdlaries is in effect in 
hospitals and in public health nursing 
organi:ations. All nurses are not equ..dly 
competent and all are not worth the 
s.lme salary. The private duty field is 
the only one in nursing today in which 
the nurse gets the maximum salary the 
first day she works, and consequently 
cannot look forward tn an increase as 
do nurses in other lines. Many are of 
the opinion that all new registered nurses 
should start at a lower salary than the 
experienced registaed nurse, and that 
salary incredses should be allowed by the 
community buredu of nursing as each 
nurse shows inaeasing Ilbility hoth to 
satisfy the dem.mds of nllr:;in
 care and 
to get Idon
 with people. d()ctor
. nurses, .md uthas with 
whom J h,l\ 
 t..dkeù believe thdt the hey 
\.l.1r ()f privatf llllt\, I1l1f<;lI11l .I
 carrll,d C III 

\1 \RC'JI, I'n I 

11 ; 

Juring the p.lst ten prosperous years i
over for all time. This is the first time 
that .
n economic crisis has affected 
private duty nurses. In previous crises 
there were fewer registered nurses, fewer 
puhlic health nurses, fewer free clinics 
.1Ild conferences. fewer sanatoria and 
hospit.d bl."ds. Cunseyuently sick people 
in their homes employed private duty 
nurses. The pers
)n who employed ..t 
priv..ttl." Juty nursl." often received no 
more o5dl..tI)' than he p.1 id to the nurse, 
but his salary then did not have to 
stretch to include the automohilc, the 
radio, and the various other things that 
it does today 
Who Takes the First Step'! 
BeG-..use of these facts which I have 
stated, and which you all know ..tre true, 
it seems imperative that some coordinat- 
ed plan be perfected in order that private 
duty nurses may work enough to ha\'e 
at least a modest s
 lary, and that the 
public may h.lve skilled nursing c..tre, in 
large or small L}uantities, at a reasonahlc 
The initiative for such d pltln mllst 
come from the privdte duty nurses them- 
selves. To put the plan in operation, 
the help of the medical profession, the 
training school and exccl1tive
the public, .1Ild the nursing professiun 
as a whole will he needed, .1Ild each of 
these groups should be represented in 
sùme WdY on the bo..,rd of directors. The 
hoard should determine the policies of 
the organi
ation, the types of nursing 
service which will be supplied, J.nd thl' 
cost of edch type of service, be it on an 
hourly, .1I1 eight-hour. or possibly in some 
instances. on ..l monthly basis. 
The director, d registered nurse who 
knows hU\\ to deal with people, wilJ 
c..ury out the 1"1..1.11. She will cnde.lvor to 
fit the nurse to the ca
. to consult with 
the nurses regarding professional proh- 
lems, to plan kdur\.':, .1I1d dl."mon4ration..: 
to keep the nur..;l';:, up to d.tte, .md hI 
II)1I Ilf ..1, \Hlr'l'" \llId,'1 t}h' 



plan; in other words, the director of this 
plan will give the same help to the priv, 
atc duty nurse in her work that the prin' 
cipals of schools of nursing, and the 
directors of public health nursing organi, 

ations give to their staffs. Call this plan 
by whatever name you choose, and then 
tell the public that registcred nurse 
service in large or small amounts is avail, 
,,-ble through its office. The concensus of 
opinion seems to be that "Community 
Bureau of Nursing Service" is a suitable 
name. Whatever the name, some unificd 
effort and unified action by private duty 
nurses is needed and is needed now. 
Hospital Registries 
As many of our schools of nursing 
operate what is called a nurses' registry, 
and as many of these schools do not 
charge the nurses for placing their names 
on the list, some private duty nurses say, 
when the yuestion of a community 
hureau of nursing is mentioned, that they 
should not be expected to pay for the 
privilege of practicing their profession. 
To this we reply that the privilege of 
practising nursing, and a bureau of nurs' 
ing through which the private duty 
nurses make their services available 
are totally different things. Each nurs
pays for the privilege of practicing 
her profession by completing her train' 
ing, securing her R.N. and comply' 
ing with her yearly registration, if 
such is in force in her state. The func' 
tion of the training school office is not 
to place registered nurses on cases outside 
the hospital. The names of registered 
nurses are listed at training school offices 
for the convenience of the superintendent 
of nurses in calling special nurses for the 
hospital, as in very few of the large cen' 
ters of New England is there a ccntral, 
ized place from which to secure registered 
nurses. By the continued use of such 
training school registries, private duty 
nurses are making no progress in opening 
up new avenues for thcir services, or in 
telling the puhlic where registered nurse 

care, 111 tlrge or small amounts, can be 
U,zited We Stand 
In the immediate past we have had as 
many ideas as to what should be done in 
the private duty field, as there were pri, 
vate duty nurses. What is needed now 
is a unification of ideas, a common ob, 
jective, and willingness to make and 

Iccept some changes. 
The words, "United we stand, divided 
wc fall", were never more true than they 
arc today, and especially are they true 
of private duty nurses. For many years 
I have been in close contact with them, 
and my faith in them and in their ideals 
is not diminished. I believe they will meet 
the challenge which is being hurled at 
m today by the public and I believe 
it can be met only by a pooling of the 
interests of private duty nurses through 
a community bureau of nursing which 
will be the business office of the private 
duty nurse. I do not care by what name 
this business office is called. My hope 
is that the private duty nurses will accept 
the challenge and make a start to meet 
it. The rest of the nursing profession 
stands ready to help, but the initiative 
must come from the private duty nurses. 
The gap that separates the private duty 
nurse from the sick person who needs her 
care is both deep and wide, but it can be 
The foundation for a bridge to span 
this gap must be built of the joint desires 
and efforts of the best private duty nurses 
who will be working for their own ob, 
jective and that of the public. The 
objective of the private duty nurse is to 
have her services used in sufficient 
amounts to make at least a modest salary. 
The objective of the public is to get 
skilled nursing, c"-re at any time, in large 
or small amounts, at a reasonable price. 
Seve1l Objectives 
In bridging the gap there are three 
objectives which must be accomplished by 
the nursing profession: (1) the number 

VOL. xxx, No. 3 


ot nurses who are graduating yearly 
must be reduced; (2) legislation to define 
who may practice as a "nurse" must be 
secured: and (3) training school offices 
must be induced to give up the opera' 
tion of registries in order that private 
duty nurses may join in a cooperative 
enterprise to make their services available 
in whatever amounts the public wishes. 
The accomplishment of these three 
objectives will help to prevent a recur' 
rence of the present day overcrowded 
conditions in the private duty nursing 
field, eliminate unfair competition by un' 
trd.ined persons, and help in centralizing 
the distribution of and the call for private 
duty nursing service. 
The private duty nurses themselves 
must be willing to (1) give up the free' 


lance methods of work and come together 
in a joint enterprise to distribute their 
services through a community bureau of 
nursing, on whose board of directors they 
will be well represented; (2) put into 
effect at once a sliding scale of salaries, 
if private duty nurses are to retain their 
place in the affection of the public and 
be employed by it; (3) make registered 
nursing service available in whatever 
amounts the patient wishes to use it; and 
( 4) set up, as soon as practical, standards 
for entrance into the privd.te duty nursing 
These seven objectives cannot be 
achieved at once, and they may not be 
perfect, but let us remember that per' 
fection is not a goal to be reached, but 
an ideal toward which we strive. 



Two small islands out into the Atlantic, off 
the coast of Newfoundland, shelter the com- 
mUl11ty of Twillingate with a thousand families 
whose fathers go fishing and whose mothers 
"make the fish:' \\'hen the run i
Llther, mother and baby live on fish, white 
bread and tea and consider themselves lucky 
to get it. When the run is good there may be 
..orne milk for the baby, or a few vegetables 
for the family, in addition to the potatoes, 
grown in a patch, sheltered from the gales, 
and tended by the mother. 
They have a hospital, but they have been 
brought up to think it is only for sick babies, 
and it was not till the doctor and nurse put 
their heads together that a new idea was 
brought home to them. The nurse wrote to 
.1 cousin in Nova Scotia, asking where she 
could get coloured pu
ters to put in shop 
windows, and pamphlets that mothers could 
take home with them. helping them to remem- 

MARCH, 1934 

ber what had been told them about fresh air, 
..1I1d about brown bread being better than 
white and the great help that milk from a cow 
or goat would be in keeping them all well. 
and why green vegetables should be added to 
their potato gardens. The cousin wrote to the 
Canadian Council on Child and FamIly Wel- 
fare, and a big bundle was sent right off to 
Twi1lingate with posters to make the clinic 
rOoms attractive, cards on which the doctor 
.md nurse could write the mother's answ('rs 
to their questions and the babies' weights, and 
tittle booklets to help the mothers and fathers 
remember what the doctor had told them. 
What the doctor and nurse did in this far- 
off community can be done in yours. Ask your 
Provincial Health Department about it. Th(' 
Canadian Council on Child and Pamily Wel- 
f.ue is always re.ldy to "end "ample sets of 
lierature free on reque..t only. \\'rite to th,ll 
at the Council HO!l"c. in (ìuaw,l. 

Department of Public Health Nursing 

5: Mrs. Agnes Havganh, 
 I Sussex St.. Toronto. Ont. 


Chief Superintendent, The Victorian Order of Nurses for Canada. 

Sir John Simon has said of preventive 
medicine: "It is the province where medi- 
L'inc joins hands with common sense." 
When you come to think about it, is it 
not singular how much the exercise of 
common sense is needed and yet how rare 
is the outstanding exhibition of it? Public 
health nurses are professed disciples of 
the puhlic health movement and I do not 
kno\\' any occupat
on \\'hich demands 
more of the individual. She is expected 
personally, educationally and profession- 
,tlly to be beyond reproach, to have the 
capacity gracefully to fit in wherever she 
may he placed and still to have in reserve 
sufficient force to enable her to vitaliZl> 
and to attain her ohjective. As a young 
and amhitious puhlic health nurse she 
blithely accC'pts a position, professionally 
well-qualified and keen to put into prac- 
tice the kno\\'kdge so recently acquired, 
hut suhlimely ignorant, as yet, as to hO\\. 
to deal with people, of the many respon- 
sibilities involved in such a position and 
of her need of supervision, which unfor- 
tunately may he irregular or inadequate. 
Is it any wonder that there is occa' 
sionally disillusionment, either on the 
part of the puhlic or of the nurse her- 
self? When there is misunderstanding, 
the blame most naturally is attached to 
her. She is a newcomer and does not 
know "local conditions" which are said 
to be "just a little different." 
We kno"\"\.' , hecause it was impressed 
upon us throughout our training, that 
the physician never makes a mistake- 
.lnd he seldom does. If the presumption 
is as well-founded in the field of diagnosis 

(Reprinted l1y courtesy of the News Exchange of the 
I >Cp;;rtmcn: ("If PIIHil' Hc
lth Nnr
ing ("If thr PrnyinC'c of 
I )nr:lri.,. ) 


.md tredtmt?nt as it dppears to be, should 
not consistency demand its equal applica' 
tion to the field of prevention? There- 
fore, speaking of common sense leads 
to some heart-searching with regard to 
where we, as puhlic health nurses, some- 
times fail to measure up in this as in 
other relationships.- Actually we seem 
more or less prone to wobble regarding 
professional ethics once we enter the 
puhlic health field. Surely it is quite as 
importdnt, outside as well as inside the 
hospital, to have the right attitude 
towards the medical profession, and to 
have them aware of and interested in 
what we are doing in their home town, 
as it is to work in harmony with and 
under the direction of the local or dis- 
trict health officer. 
Many doctors are not too keen about 
the modern nurse. As in every other 
walk of life, she is said to be "not quite 
what she used to be", ('twas ever thus), 
d.nd health officers and physicians have 
still, in many cases, to be convinced 
hefore adopting the public health nurse 
as a local institution. Therefore it be, 
hooves her to face the situation with 
understanding and to be ready to make 
advances as opportunity offers. The 
medical officer of health has every right 
to he kept posted, and if this is not 
feasible through personal interview, he 
should he informed in writing as to what 
is going on, we trust with his approval 
and blessing: otherwise less can be accom- 
plished nor can one proceed far without 
medical leadership and co-operation. 
Again, it does not seem to me that we 
have really been honest with ourselv
.1nd our superintendents and supervisors 
VOL xxx. No. 3 


may not have helped us earlier to deal 
with personality problems. If a public 
health nurse has a difficult disposition, 
does not possess good judgme
t nor like 
people, and is not ready to expect the 
best and to be tolerant without being 
gullible, it is too bad for her to have been 
a nurse at all. Her appointment may 
prove a tragedy for the community, de- 
partment or organization employing her, 
because, even unwittingly, she may 
jeopardize the advancement of a public 
health programme for years to come. Nor 
can she ever be fully effective, regardless 
of her good intentions, if she antagonizes 
Then haven't we sometimes been guilty' 
of leading the public to believe that a 
nurse with postgraduate public health 
training is in a class by herself and d. 
super-woman. It is so unfair. Not for 
one minute would I depreciate public 
health training or its value. Given the 
right type of woman, with educational 
and certain human qualifications com' 
bined with excellent professional prepara 
tion, and, provided she is not content to 
rest on her laurels, we have what every 
department, organization and hospital is 
5eeking- - the right person. But a poor 
nurse, with a difficult person.,lity or a 
one-track mind, can go on taking courses 
to the end of time without certain essen- 
tials ever penetrating and, alas, many 
times without being fully cognizant of 
the relative values of preventive and cur- 
.ltive work, or even of her own limita- 
tions. Whose fault is it? Not altogether 
hers; she has never been vocationally 
On every staff are cd.pable, intelligent 
nurses, effective in their teaching, beloved 
hy their families and loyal members of 
the st.lff, who may not, either for family 
red.sons or because of economic difficut, 
tics, have been able to measure up lI) 
.;;tandards or to pursue postgraduate 
training. Nevertheless many of them. 
heing eager to seIze an\" oprnrtunity that 
M-\RCH. 19H 


comes their way, are ready to take advan 
tage of refresher courses, to read and 
observe, and eagerly to welcome super- 
visors" visits. Whether it be as a result 
of lim;ted educational advantages, or be- 
cause temper.lmentally they recognize the 
fact that advancement or leadership is 
not their special niche in the general 
scheme, they are still content to give the 
best they can, and have made a valuable 
contrihution to the cause of public health. 
Why are nurses apparently so often 
opposed to change, new routines or pro- 
cedures? There seems to be what has been 
descrihed as an inner resistance. This 
reference met my eye in a book I read 
recently : "We can teach an old dog new 
tricks provided the old dog takes an inter- 
est in this accomplishment but usually he 
will not'-' 
When a memher of a staff receives 
promotion why is the question of her 
qualifications for preferment 50 often 
sed? Why not give her the benefit of 
your support? Meanwhile wait and see, 
5he may never have had sufficient scope 
to develop and the powers thd.t be may 
recogni:e evidences of potential leader, 
::;hip that you do not appreciate. 
Why do simple tasks tend to become 
dull routine and why, oh why, are records 
apparently placed in this category when 
the results c
 n prove so fascinating and 
instructive, provided sufficient time is 
allowed and the ultimate purpose under, 
.;tood? Is there danger of home visits 
tending to become monotonous and pur- 
poseless, with. d.S Dr. Kinloch put it, 
"indulgence in too much platitudinou
precept ?"' Would a more definite ohjec- 
tive lcd.d to time heing used to better 
.t.dvantage? "Any simpleton can save up 
his dollars hut the wisest of men can not 
sa\'e up opportunities they must he 
used ,lS they come." 
To what extent are public health 
nurses directly responsible for the fact 
th,lt the presumed moulders of public 
np:ni\ln. ,1I1d the puhlic l!cnerally. are 



not fully alive to the necessity of public 
health work and of the potential value 
of the public health worker as an edu' 
cational and economic asset to the ill' 
Jividual community? 

Having shared my thoughts with you, 
I put these general questions to you in 
the hope that you may reflect upon them, 
and in the light of common sense, may 
find some answers to them. 


It has been said of nurses that we do 
not know how to play. The forthcoming 
hiennial meeting of the Canadian Nurses 
Association which takes place in Toronto 
from June 26 to June 30 will give us all 
a chance to dispose of that criticism. 
There are to be dinners and teas and 
drives about the city. There is to be a 
garden party, and a pageant. And we 
are to go out to high tea at Thistletown 





'i..:!, .. 


of nursing practice which requires spe- 
cial skills and aptitudes. 
If you would like to know more about 
the other social events .just look at Notes 
fmm the National Office. The full list 
is there, and if you want to organize a 
group luncheon or breakfast, or even a 
midnight spread for a few choice spirits, 
all you have to do is get into touch with 
Miss Rh(1no Beamish at the Toronto 



f " 


. t.






,. * ,.t. 
,fI . 


and play with the children. Thistletown 
is the convalescent department of the 
Hospital for Sick Children, and the super' 
intendent of nurses, Miss P. B. Austin, 
has promised the Journal that before long 
an article will be available concerning the 
care of convalescent children, a hranch 

\V L'stern Hospital. She is the convener 
of the entertainment committee and will 
tcll you just how to go ahout it. Of course 
we have "problems" and "situations" 
galore but they may resolve themselves 
hetter if we don Ot take life too seriously. 
Come out and play! 

VOL. xxx, Nu. 3 


The fourteenth annual meetmg of the 
A.R.N.P.Q. was held in Montreal on 
Jan. 30 and 31, \"\'Ith a record-breaking 
,lttendance, it being estimated that 1,200 
Illl mners from all corners of the province 
,lttendcd one or more of the five sessions. 
One familiar figure was missed in the 
person of the president, Miss Caroline V. 
tt, who has b
en ill, and resolutions 
of regret at her ansence and expressing 
best wishes for her 
peedy recovery were 
"dopted at the general .tnd special ses- 
sions. The first day included the usual 
nusiness session held in the afternoon at 
which all reports were presented in both 
languages. Miss 11. L. Moag, English 
vice-president, occupied the chair at the 
first general session, the Rev. Soeur Al- 
lard, French vice-president, assisting her. 
In Miss Moag's excellent <J ddress a 
timely warning was issued that greater 
co-operation in solving the problem of the 
high cost of sickness is essential. Miss also pointed out the difficulties 
which the professIOn and the public are 
f.lcing due to grc.ttly reduced budgets in 
the home, the hospital ,lJ1d all health 
organizations. She reported the forma 
tion of three special commIttees during 
the past year, whose specific functions 
will cover the study of the nursing survcy 
report; the proposcd national curriculum 
for Canadian Schools, and the Florence 
N ighting
lle Mcmorial. Miss Nash, in 
her report as treasurer, indicated that 
four scholarships had bcen awarded this 
ye,lr of two, and that the two 
French ,1I1d two English-spe,lking nurses 
to whom these had been aw,lrded are 
enjoying the public health nursing courses 
,It universities. The revenue during 
the amounted to $9,593.50. 
The n
port presented by Miss E. Fr,lJ1- 
ces Upton, executive secretary ,md regis-, recorded the following statistics: 
Number of certificates issued: 435. By 
ex.lmination, 216; by univcrsity affilia- 
t ion, 179; without ex.uninatiun, 9; by 
rl'ciprocity, :- 1. The total number of 
I\1-\RCH, lQH 

.lCtlve members in guod st.tnd1l1g, :',048, 
.tn increase of 275 over 1932. English- 
speaking members number 1,575, and 
French-speaking members 1,473. 
The report of the official school vIsitor, 
Miss E. Frances Upton, recorded the fol- 
lowing statistics: hospitals operating 
schools for nurses, 44; schools visited, 40; 
..;ch()ols on approved list, 37. The student 
nurses in the 3 7 approved schools num- 
ber 1,765, of whom it is estimated that 
,lpprnximatdy 600 \.....ill gradu.tte during 
the coming year. The estimated number 
of students in schools not yet approved 
IS 150. The number of registered 
nurses on the staff of these 37 arproved 
schools is 70R. The number of staff 
registered nurses in these schools who 
have taken postgrad\fate courses, and hold 
university certificates indicating special 
l}ualific<Jtions is 94. Thc number of full- 
time instructors in the approved schools is 
?-9. The number of part-time nurse in- 
structors is 17. Miss Upton outlined what 
she deemed should be the educational oh- 
iectives for the coming year. Miss C. M. 
Ferguson, in seconding the adoption of 
the reports, made kindly reference to 
thl?ir value and the amount of work these 
l'nt.tll, Mademoiselle Rita Guimont, re- 
sponding in <J similar way, representing 
the voice of the French-speaking members. 
The evenmg session was entirely in 
r rench and the attendance was estinMtcd 
.It seven hundred. Two excellent papers 
were delivered, one by Dr. S. Boucher, 
Director of the Health Department of the 
City of Montreal, entitled "L'Oeuvre de 
rInfirmière," and the other by Dr. An- 
tonio Barbeau, Assistant Superintendent 
of Htìpital de Bordeaux, entitled "Ce que 
Ie visage peut dire:' which was illustrated 
with lantern slidl?s. The spe.tkers were 
th,\nkcd hy Mademoiselle Alice Lepine, 
C01l\'L'ner of the French private duty sec 
tion. On the second day, a meeting was 
hc1d at Hôtc1- Dieu for the French edu 
c.ltion group, \\'Ith papers on ho,pit.l1 
...nci.d service. This meeting- W.lS well 
,Ittended. c"peLÍ,\lly hy sistcI
. The after 

] .!J 



noon seSSIons took the form of a reunion 
of all sections, Miss Martha Batson, con' 
vener of the nursing education section 
(English group), being in the chair. Ex' 
cellent papers were given by Miss C. de 
N. Fraser, representing the private duty 
group, entitled, "Some Novel Suggestions 
in Handling an Economic Situation," 
by Mademoiselle Alice Lepine (French 
group), ""How to Make a Success of Pri, 
vate Duty Nursing." The public health 
group was ably represented by Miss Clara 
Gass, Director, Social Service Dept., 
Western Division, M.G.H., and Made' 
moiselle Juliette Trudel, Director, Social 
Service Dept., Hôpital Ste. Justine, whose 
papers entitled ""The Place of Medical 
Social Service in the Hospital and Com' 
munity" were well received. The nurs' 
ing education group were represented by 
Miss Ruth Parr, B.A., Director of Diet' 
etics, M.G.H., whose paper entitled ""Re, 
cent Developments in Diabetic Diets" re' 
flected her ability both as a dietitian and 
teacher, and the Rev. Soeur Allard, Hos, 
pitalière'en,chef de rHôtel' Dieu, who 
gave an excellent paper entitled ""Apro' 
pos de, Diététique." The speakers were 
thanked in both languages by Miss Rose 
Mary Tansey and Mademoiselle Maria 
Roy. Tea was served at the close of this 
session. The closing session was in Eng, 
lish only, at which approximately seven 
hundred were present. The speakers were 
the respective editors of 'The American 
J uurnal of Nursing and 'The Canadian 
""\(urse. Miss Mary Roberts took for her 
subject "Some Recent Developments in 
Nursing particularly as these affect the 
private duty nurse," and Miss Ethel 
Johns spoke regarding her recent obser, 
vations in the Dominion. 
As is customary, five members were 
elected to the board of management to 
serve a period of two years. The follow' 
ing persons now constitute this board: 
President, Miss C. V. Barrett; vice'presi, , 
dent (English), Miss M. L. Moag; vice' 
president (French), Rev. Soeur Allard: 
recording secretary, Miss Esther Beith: 

hon. tredsurer, Miss Marion Nash. Other 
members: Rev. Soeur St. Jean de l'Eucha, 
ristie, Misses Mabel K. Holt, Marion Lin' 
deburgh, Mesdemoiselles Edna Lynch and 
Alexina Marchessault. If the attitude of 
the members who attended the annual 
meeting this year can be considered as 
indicative of increased interest in and 
understanding of the present day r.urs. 
ing problems, it is felt that Quebec ma) 
well anticipate accomplishments in t
near future. 

The twentieth annual meeting of the 
Manitoba Association of Registered 
Nurses, was held on Jan. 30, in the Legis, 
lative Buildings, Winnipeg. Reports were 
presented by the executive secretary, Mrs. 
S. Gordon Kerr, and the conveners of the 
vdrious sections and committees. Four 
addresses were given: ""The T.B. Clinic," 
by Miss E. Wilson; ""The Oxygen Tank," 
by Sister St. Albert; ""Treatment of Frost 
Bites," by Miss A. McIntyre; "Treatment 
of Burns," by Miss E. Banks. This year 
the Association celebrates its twenty,first 
birthday and in a letter received from the 
president of the Canadian Nurses Asso, 
cirttion, Miss F. H. M. Emory, we were 
congratulated and urged to greater effort. 
Miss K. W. Ellis moved a hearty vote of 
thanks to the retiring president, Miss 
krtn Houston, who has been, during the 
ì1ast two years, our wise and capable 
leader. Miss M. Reid, our new president, 
expressed the hope of being able to lead 
us as successfully as her predecessor. On 
Jan. 31, the annual dinner meeting of the 
Association took place, at which Mrs. J. 
F. Morrison presided. Those at the head 
table included Mrs. J. S. Woodsworth, 
the guest speaker; Miss Jean Houston, 
Ninette, past president; Miss Mildred 
Reid, Winnipeg General Hospital, the 
newly elected president; the Misses K. 
McCallum, Alic
 Laporte, and Margaret 
McDonald, conveners of the different 
sections of the association. The Alumnae 
Associations were represented by Miss 
VOL. xxx. No. \ 


 llum tor ::;t. Bonitace HospItal: 
Miss Emily Parker for the Winnipeg 
(;eneral Hospital; Miss A. Michalski for 
St. Joseph's Hospital, and Miss F. Ken- 
nedv for the Misericordia Hospital. Mrs. 


poke wIth a challenging 
note on "Women in a New World," 
leavmg with us the thought: "think and 
karn." At each meeting there was a large 

Book Reviews 

hy Clara Bassett, Consultant in Psych], 
Lltric Social Work, Division on Com- 
munity Clinics, The National Com- 
mittee for Mental Hygiene, Inc. 386 
pages with bibliographies and an index. 
Published by the Macmillan Company 
of Canada, 70 Bond Street, Toronto. 
Price: $4.20. 
This book gives a comprehensive pic- 
ture of the relation of mental hygiene to 
:'l)me of the urgent problems of com- 
ll1unrty life. It defines mental hygiene; 
tdls why it is of great importance and 
value in any consideration of how to 
.lLhieve a healthier and happier com- 
munity life: how individuals and com- 
mittees may study their local situation to 
dètamine the ,ldequacy of psychi,ltric 
:-:crvices, and the eJ\.tent to which the 
mental hygiene approach is being utili:ed 
in thL study and treatment of social prob- 
lems. This volume is written from a 
community st<tndpoint and is intended to 
be of interest to physicians and social 
work as a
 well as thL nur
es: one sec- 

\1 \RCI!, 1'1\ I 

tion, huwever, is devoted to a discussion 
l)f the specific relation of mental hygiene 
to nursing, particularly in its public 
health aspects. Reference is also made to 
the desirability of including instruction 
in the principles of mental hygiene in 
the basic nursing course, and to the need 
for a more scientific approach to the per- 
sonality problems of student nurses. 
Some very practical suggestions are given 
for the further development of mental 
hygiene in public health agencies and 
schools of nursing. The chief value of 
this book, from a nursing standpoint, lies 
in the admirable panoramic view which 
it gives of the place and function of 
mental hygiene in a modern community. 
ES DICTION -\RY, originally 
compiled by Honnor Morten, 364 
p"-ges. Illustrated. Published by Faber 
,lI1d Faber Ltd., 24 Russell Square, lon- 
don, W.C.I. Price, three shillings. A 
handy little pocket volume which 
should be most useful to private duty 


The Sigllificallce of Reg. N. 
Noting the invitation in the January issue d 
The Canadian Nurse for letters bearing :)n 
the subject of nurses affixing Reg. N. to their 
names, I wish to mention a couple of instances 
which I believe are worthy of attention. 1\ 
woman with about three or four months' train' 
ing was nursing from place to place and doing 
\'ery good work, but she was charging the fee 
of a trained nurse, and it would have hard
been discovered had she not had to confess t
.. doctor, in an emergency, that she was unable 
to do what was required. Why should there 
be any objection raised to the title being used 
when it is a protection to the community? In 
fact why not encourage its use? It should 
hardly be taken as a means of advertising as 
Our friend in the Renfrew Mercury suggests. 
Another case of interest is this: there w 1'ì 
immediate need of a physician on a tourist 
island last summer and, not being very wen 
acquainted with the people around. they we It 
for a doctor at the head of the lake who turn
out to be a Ph.D. The good man, a gn
friend of ours, was deeply distressed. but what 
could he do? A nurse spending her holidays 
on the lake was at once located, some ooe- 
having seen "Reg. N." on some of her letters. 
She was able to do all that was necessary until 
a doctor could be got from some distance. 
1\nd after all from a nurse's standpoint why 

hould she not use her "Reg. N."? She wOfk, 
cd hard for it. I affixed it to a friend's letter 
who was ill in the Sanatorium. Tears of joy 
filled her eyes when she saw it, as it made her 
I ealize that though she is laid aside for awhile, 
..he is still a member of her chosen profession. 
Gordon Bay, On:'. 
The Cap as a Symbol 
I have been much interested in the coal' 
ments published in 'The Canadian Nurse 
regarding that strange headgear to which Dr 
At1ee refers in his article published last Oc
ber. When I read the suggestion "away wIth 
the useless relic" (meaning the nurse's cap), 
I felt like assuming a Zasu Pitt's attitude an.J. 
with injured air and elevated eyebrows, 
exclaiming "Well. what do you know abol.t 
that?" Then I began to reflect on the past. 
The first cap I wore was "built" of crinoline, 
with a narrow piece of ruching around the 


bottom of it. I held it in place with two smail 
pins, then conceived the idea of using a lon
hatpin, which I stuck under the ruching and 
through the "psyche" which was the heat! 
dress of the time. Fortunately I trained under 
a progressive superintendent (from Charlotte' 
town. P.E.I., God bless her), who saw thJt 
the cap was unbecoming, and so adopted the 
Sister Dora cap. 
After all, when a young woman enters a 
training school. her one ambition is to be 
"accepted", and this acceptance is recognized 
by the donning of a cap. This marks the 
first epoch in her career. The cap may be an 
old,fashioned "built" kind, or a stiff white 
handkerchief folded into the shape of a cap, (lr 
may resemble a "bird's wing" or stand out 
like a "blob" on the back of her head. But 
it is not a "doo,dad" nor was it designed to 
keep her hair in place, nor to keep hair out 
of the patient's soup. The nurse's cap is the 
finishing touch to her uniform, and the 
greatest punishment that can be given her is 
to deprive her of it. 
Yes. Florence Nightingale is dead, and th!s 
is another age, but nurses have not forgottt:.11 
that it was she who founded the first training 
school for nurses at St. Thomas's Hospital with 
a class of probationers, who were to receive 
"lodging, board, washing, and uniforms. and 
ten pounds per year for spending money." 
To quote from A Lost Commander: "the girls 
wear brown dresses and their snowy caps and 
aprons look like bits of light as they move." 
And their caps were of white muslin, because 
Miss Nightingale loved dotted muslin an;} 
herself wore caps made of it. A nurse's cap 
is as much of a tribute to Florence Nightir., 
gale as the "Lady with the Lamp" in a stainl'd 
glass window, or the statue which stands on a 
pedestal in London. At least that is the way 
I feel about it after twenty'nine years 'lf 


St. Stephen, N.B. 
It Does Come I" Handy 
I am doing private duty nursing in a lar
district which does not have a hospita1. As I 
am the only nurse here, 'The Canadian Nurse 
certainly makes a good nursing contact. 
Tofield, Alberta. 

VOL. XXX. No. 3 

Notes from the National Office 
Contributed bv J EAN S. WILSON Reg N Ex <> cut, ' S 
' .., '" ve ecretary. 

The General Meetillg 
As previously announced, the commit, 
tee responsible for the sessional content 
for the general meeting has plans well 
advanced for an exceedingly attractive 
programme. The committee on arrange' 
ments has reported upon plans for en' 
tertainment which are in keeping with 
the occasion - the Silver Jubilee of the 
C.N.A. The executive committee will 
meet on Monday afternoon and evening 
and, during recess between these sessions 
District No. 5 of the Registered Nurse
Association of Ontario will be hostesses 
at d. dinner in honour of the executive. 
The opening day of national meetings is 
strenuous because of heavy business ses' 
sions. Tea time on June 26 will bring 
relaxation, when the C.N.A. is to be en' 
tertained hy the Registered Nurses Asso, 
ciation of Ontario in the Royal York 
Hotel. It is customary to hold a hanquet 
midway during the convention. This 
function takes place on Wednesday even' 
ing, when Dean Ira MacKay, of the 
Faculty of Arts, McGill University, will 
he the guest speaker. A delightful drive 
to the Convalescent Hospital of the Hos, 
pital for Sick Children, at Thistletown 
with high tea, as guests of the Board of 
Trustees of the Hospital, is the social at' 
traction for Thursday. There will be no 
meeting on that evening. The nurses of 
T ?ronto are to be hostesses on Friday 
.Ltternoon at a garden party, and that 
evening in the Royal York Hotel there 
e shown a pageant depicti
g the 
historIcal development of nursing in 
Canad.t- a fitting finale to the entertain' 
ment. marking the seventeenth general 
I "formal Gatherings 
Miss Rhano Beamish, T monto West' 
ern Hospitd.l, Toronto, is the convener of 
t he committee to which requests should 
he J11.lde hy tho'L \\"i:-:hinc- to makc plan
!\lARCH, 1934 

for re-uniuns d.l hreakfasts, luncheons, 
.md so forth. 
Vilify Is Strength 
. Numerical strength is an important 
factor in any .organi::ation and becomes 
notahly significant in a professional group 
whose geogr..tphical boundaries are as ex' 
tensive as those of the Dominion of Can' 
ada. As soon as Acts for the Registration 
?f Nurses became effective in those prov' 
lI1ces where, by registration, a nurse be' 
came a member of the provincial associa' 
tion or by annual renewal of provincial 
membership re,registration was obtained 
it became evident that membership in 
provincial body should become the one 
means of entry to affiliation with the 
national association. At the fifteenth 
general meeting of the C.N.A. the by, law 
governing membership was amended to 
meet the progressive development in all 
provinces whereby registration of nurses 
 recogni.:ed as the necessary qualifica, 
tIon for provincial membership. Following 
ization, and in view of the ap' 
oachlI1g completion of twenty' five years 
S1l1ce the founding of the C.N.A., a cam, 
paign was launched in September, 1931, 
the objective of which is ten thousand 
memhas in the C.N.A. by June, 1934. 
The returns for 1933, received at the 
N,ttion,ll Office during January, show 
that the campaign throughout the Do, 
miniun has heen vigorous. It is gr,ltifying 
to be able to forecast that the objective 
set may be o..cecded by June. Compari, 
son of returns for 1933 with those in 
1 <)30, when reorg..lI1izatioI1 w..ts under- 
t.lken, show that there is over fifty per 
cent increase in national membership. 
Each province contributes to these excel 
lent results which should he sufficiently 
convinÒng to prov
 the .ldvis.lbility ot 
the "levelling-up" proccss in n.ltit-m.d and 
J1rO\ il1Ci.d n1l'm"n
hil' Lju.ddic.ltion..... 




News items intended for publication in the enauing i5auc must reach the Journal not later than the eighth of the 
rrecedmg month. In order to ensure accuracy all contributions should be typewritten and double-spaced. 

CALLAR '\:: .-\ meeting of the Calgdry .-\,;so- 
ciation of Graduate Nurses was held 011 
J anuar} 16, Mi
:, K. Lynn, first vice-president 
in the chair. The quarterly reports were re1.d 
and the financial report given by the treasurer, 
Miss M. Watt, was very gratifying. The 
Association is now out of debt with a smaU 
surplus 111 the bank. Miss Audrey Dick was 
appointed to fill the vacancy on the e'{ecutive 
committee. The following resolution was 
passed: "That all women, other than regis- 
tered nurses, who take care of the sick for 
hire, be in some way licensed and supervise
with a view to educating the public to a 
reali 4 ation of the difference between the regis- 
tered nurse and others." This motion was 
sent to the A.A.R.N. for consideration during 
tht:ir deliberations on the employment situa- 
tion among nurses. A discussion was held 
on the possibility of an eight-hour day at 
S3.00, in addition to the twelve-hour day at 
$4.00, and it was decided that the eight-hour 
day at $3.00 might make nursing service avail- 
able to cases who did not need or desire the 
longer service. 
(R.AH. 1931), following a course in Public 
Health at Toronto University, has been ap- 
pointed to take charge of the V.O.N. work 
in Edmonton. 
MARRIED: On Jan. 27, 1934, Miss Vera 
Lewis (R.A.H. 1930), to Mr. Manson Barr, 
Vermilion, Alta. 

V ANCOUVI:R: The annual meeting of the 
Alumnae Association of the School of Nurs- 
ing of the Vancouver General Hospital was 
held on Jan. 9, in the auditorium of the hos- 
pital, the president, Miss Mary McPhee in 
the chair. The following officers were electen 
for the year 19 H: President, Miss M. Lunan: 
First Vice-Pre
ident, Mrs. C. H. C. Bell; 
Second Vice-President, Mrs. K. Craig; Secre- 
tary, Miss I. Collier; Corresponding Secretary. 
Miss K. Heaney. Vancouver General Hospital: 
Refreshments. Miss J. Hunter; Press, Mrs. G. 
E. Gillies: Treasurer and Bonds, Miss Gearv: 
Sick Visiting. Miss O. Shore; Progrdmmc. 
Miss A. Croll; Membership, Miss V. Peters; 
Sick Benefit, Mrs. Maitland; Representatiw 
V.G.N.A., Mi
s Rhodes. The retiring prei'i- 
dent was given a hearty vote of thanks for 
her bcrvices during the past year. After the 
busint"",,, wa, "lImplckd I cfrc..hments were 


BRANum" : The monthly meeting of the 
Brandon Graduate Nurses Association was 
held on .1.111.9, at the home of Mrs. S. J. Peirce, 
thirty eight being present. Miss Anderson, 
first vice-president, in the absence of the 
presidf'nt, on behalf of the association con- 
gratulated Mrs. Darrach on receiving the 
honor of being named a member of the Order 
of the British Empire. The meeting was in 
charge of the "doctors' wives group" and took 
the form of a social evening. 
Miss Eva McNally and Mi
s Blanche Brig- 
ham are on two months' leave from the 
Brandon General Hospital staff. The former 
is in \Vinnipeg and the latter is taking a 
postgraduate course at the Vancouver General 
ST. BONIFACE: The Alumnde Association 
of the School of Nursing of the St. Boniface 
Hospital held its annual meeting on Jan. 10 
with Miss Clara Miller presiding. Reports 
from the ,,'arious offices showed a successful 
year's work and the attendance was good. 
The following officers were elected for 1934: 
President: Miss K. McCallum: first vice- 
president: Miss Helen Stevens; second vice- 
president: Miss S. Madill; secretary: Miss J. 
Archibald: treasurer: Miss E. Shirley; press 
reprcsentatlv(.; Miss Betty Altman: Commit- 
tee conveners: Social, Mi:-:s Ellen Banks; Sic
Visiting, Miss T. Greville: representative to 
Local Council of Women: Miss Betty Altman. 
The entertainment was in charge of the second 
year student nurses, and a dainty lunch was 
served. Mrs. Wm. Tufts, Outlook, Saskat- 
chewan (Marion McMurchy, St. B. H. 1929), 
with Baby Anne Louise were visitors in the 
city for a few days. 


AINT JOHN: The local chapter of the N .B. 
Registered N urses As
ociation held its month- 
ly meeting on Jan. 15, with Miss A. A. 
Bevens, the president in the chair. Miss M. 
Mcjunkin was welcomed as treasurer. The 
brief business session was followed with a 
report concerning the resolution committee of 
the LC.N., and an interesting illustrated talk 
on a recent trip to Europe was given by Miss 
M. E. Retallick. 
The private duty section of the Saint John 
Chapter of the N .B.A.R.N. held its meetin
on Jan.
2, with Miss Reickers presiding in 
the ab
ence of Miss Wilson, the convener. 
MIss K. Lawson was elected secretary and Miss 
H Pvan.. tn'rt'nrel. \Vavs of raising fund, 
\ 01. xxx, N... { 


,md plans for the next meetmg wcre Jiscu
Miss Hansard gave an mteresting talk on Dr. 
Truby King's work in New Zealand and in 
London and with the Canadian Mothercr.1.ft 
Society of Toronto. 
The S.J .G.H. Alumnae Association met 'pll 
Peb. 5, with Mrs. Dunlop in the chair. A 
report from the sick nurses benefit fund com' 
mittee was given by Miss E. J. Mitchell. Quilt, 
ing was done on the quilt to be given to the 
The nursing statf of the S.J.G.H. holds a 
meeting and round,table monthly. Matters ot 
1I1tercst arc discussed and much benefit 
The Alumnae Association of Saint Joseph's 
Ho!"pital held a successful bridge on Jan. 24, 
with Mrs. J. L. Mullaly as convener. A sub, 
:>tantial sum was raised to be used for making 
improvements in the Nurses' Home. 
. Miss Ruth Manning (S.J.G.H. 1931), who 
recently took the Nursing Instructors' course 
at McGill University, left recently for Sa
Stephen to fill the position of instructress at 
the Chipman Memorial Hospital. 
Miss Kathleen Snelling has been added to 
the staff of the S.J.G .H. temporarily and i:- 
dssisting Miss Stevenson. 
MARRIED: Recently, in New York, Miss 
Ldura Allen (S.}.G.H.) to Mr. Harry Burne;. 
Mr. and Mrs. Burn
 are re,>iding dt "40 Mol\}' 
hattan Ave., New York. 
MARRIED: On Jan. 20, 1934, at Fredericton 
Junction, N.B., Miss Mary Clarke (S.].G.H. 
1926), to Mr. John L. Mersereau. Mr. and 
Mrs. Mersereau will sail in April for their 
home in Manizales, Colombia, South Americ,l. 
The St. Joseph's Hospital Alumnae l\S;O' 
ciation met at the ho
rital with a large attend, 
ance. Mrs. Mullaly, the pre:>ident, was in 
the chair. General business was discussed. 
Miss Elizabeth Reed is in Halifax supplyill'.:: 
with the V.O.N. for a few months. 
MONCTON: The annual meeting of the 
Local Chapter of the N.B.A.R.N. was held 
recently at the Moncton Hospital, when the 
members of the association and the student 
nurses enjoyed an illustrated lecture on tub'
culosis given by Miss McCort. Miss Mac.' 

aster later entertained at a most enjoyable 
"ocial hOllr. 
iss Myrtle Kay has recover
from her recent tllne
:> dnd is convalescing at 
her home. Miss Leonore Flemingtow is recu' 
perating after a recent illness. 
WOODS Ton. : The monthly lllecting of the 
:\lullllMe As:>ociation of the L P. Fis
Memorial Hospital was held on Jan. 16 with 
the "icc'pre
ide'1to Mi
 Glady" Hayward, 
rre..iding. :\ "lIcce:>sful dance, under thl' 
 of the As"ociation was held on Jan 
30 when the !:!11l'''t, \\, r. I <"ori,'('(1 h. "1... 

:\1.\Rnl. I'HI 


Hal ry Dunbdr, pröldent, .md MI:>s Tulloch, 
honorary president, and superintendent of 
nurses. A ...u},stantial "urn of money Wo" 
: The Halifax branch of the 
Registered Nurse:- Association of "N"ova Scotia 
had an interesting meeting in Jdnuary at ::he 
Children's Hospital. A \ ery interesting addre
 given by Mrs. Norrie &-'\ndcr..on (formerlv 
Dr. Findlay, who spent :>Ollle YCdr:. in India) 
on medical work in India, particularly in V d. 
lore. Miss Grew, instructres, at the Children'!oo 
Hospital, demonstrated treatment... for burn 
cases. The members were gue
t... of Miss Win..., 
low, superintendent of the Children's Hos' 
pltal, for refreshments and 01 social half,hour. 
Refresher COltrse.- The Registered Nurses 
;\,,,ociation is indebted to Miss Winslow and 
the Children's Hospital for arranging the fol, 
lowing series of lectures in paediatric nursing. 
These arc to be given on Monday evenings, at 
8.3() p.m., in the Clinic Room of the Chil, 
dren's Hospital Residence, and are open to all 
graduate nurses. In February, the following 
topics were discussed: "The Normal Infant": 
Dr. F. A. Mil15hull; "Tuberculosis Contacts in 
Childhood", "The Nervous Child": Dr. N. B. 
Coward; "Recent Advances in Paediatric Sur' 
gery": Dr. J. A. Noble; "Laboratory Methods 
111 Diagnosis": Dr. D. J. MacKenzie. The pro' 
gramme for March is as follow
March :-: "N ursi ng in Orthopaedil-"": D
T. B. Acker. 
March 12: "Vaccll1es and Serum:> 111 com' 
mon m.e today for the pre\ ention of some 
r'ommunicable Diseases": Dr. A. L McLe.1I1: 
March 19: "Remarks on the ...pccialtie, in 
Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Nur"'lI1g" Dr. 
;\. E. Doun; 

arch 26: "Common Met.tbohc DI:-turb- 
,lncc,." Dr. M. J. Carney. 
Fee tor the course is one dollar. Nurse.. 
who .Ire at present unemployed will be wel, 
come to attend without fee. 

: The annual meeting of district 
1, R.N..-'\.O. was held Jan. 27 at the Ontario 
pital. London. Mis
 P. Campbell of 
Chatham was in the chair, and made a strong 
appeal for increased membership in the 
R.N.A.O. Pdrticularly thi
 year when the 
C.N .A. celebr,tte
 its twenty,fifth dnniversary. 
NiI..s Campbell pdid 
rdceful tribute to Mis" 
HClth,t Smith, "M.B.E., and announced that 
Mb:o M. 1. J,lcobs and Mi:-:> M. \V dlker had 
been dccepted into l1lcmber
hip ot the British 
r'nI1p!!c f'l1 ,- \1.1\;' \\"'nl!!t' ,nd -\' 1,0 



man Skegg
 were present to convey the greet' 
ings of the city. Rev. Kenneth Taylor gave 
the invocation. The report of the treasurer 
\VðS presented by Miss L. Curtis of Chatham. 
Reports were also presented by Miss M. L. 
I acobs of London, chairman of the nursing 

ducation section: Miss A. Campbell of St. 
Thomas, private duty section; Miss M. Hoy, 
Windsor, public health section; Mrs. Hedlcy 
Smith, permanent education fund. Miss G. 
Versey reported concerning a membership of 
322, which is only 22% of nurses in the dis' 
trict. The Canadian Nurse magazine was 
Ieported on hy Miss Elizabeth Kennedy, the 
refresher course by Miss M. M. Jones and the 
programme by Miss M. Hardie. An appeal 
for membership was made for the Red Cross 
emergency nursing list on which there are only 
181 names at present. Election of officers 
resulted as follows: Chairman: Miss Mildred 
Walker, London; vice,chairman, Miss Pearl 
Lumby, Sarnia; secretary'treasurer, Miss Mil, 
dred Chambers, London; convener, nurse 
education section, Miss Thomas, Chatham: 
convener, public health section, Miss Mabel 
Hay, Windsor; private duty section, Mi<;s 
_-\nnie Campbell, St. Thomas; permðnent 
education fund, Mrs. Hedley V. Smith, Lon- 
don; membership, Mi5s Grace Versey, London; 
Canadian Nurse (publications and subscrip' 
tions), Miss Elizabeth Kennedy, London. 
Dr. C. C. Ross spoke on the principles of 
orthopedic surgery, and Miss M. L. Jacobs 
and Miss A. Evans gave a delightful account 
of the LC.N. High tea was sernd most 
,lttractively. and Dr. F. S. Vrooman, medical 
superintendent of the Ontario Hospital, Lon' 
don, g.lve an address of welcome. Solos were 
sung by Miss M. Britton, nurse'in'training at 
the Ontario Hospital, and Mr. Jubb of the 
Ontario Hospital staff gave a violin solo. Miss 
Edna Moore, chief public health nurse for 
0ntario, gave the principal address at the 
evening session. She referred to the trend of 
thought toward some form of stabilized nurs' 
ing service provided by the community 50 that 
nursing care would be available to people with 
limited means. Mi
s Moore felt it would be 
as reasonable to ask each member of a com' 
munity to pay privately for his own fire 
protection or for teachers for his children as 
to keep citizens of limited means outside the 
adequate nursing service. As nur!>es we must 
all be ready for this new type of service. Mi
Mildred \Valker presided during the supper 
,;ession. Mrs. Hedley V. Smith, O.B.E., an' 
nounced the toast to the King. 
The executive committee of district 1, 
R.N.A.O. met for luncheon at the Ontario 
Ho..pital prior to the dl1nudl meeting. Other 
 ,It the 1III11."'hcon well': Mi<;
 L. Curti

Miss C. La Rose, Miss M. Hoy, Miss P. Lum, 
by, Miss Lee, Mrs. G. Wilson, Miss Hastings, 
Miss A. Campbell, Miss Ritchie, Mi
s E. 
Moore and Miss H. Pennock, Miss M. Jacobs, 
Mrs. Hedley V. Smith and Miss Connolly. 
Mrs. Hedley V. Smith, O.B.E., entertained 
on Jan. 27 in honour of Miss Moore, Miss 
Pennant, Miss P. Campbell, Miss Curtis, Miss 
La Rose, and Miss Boy. Miss M. L. Jacobs 
was presented with flowers and a note of 
ST. THOMAS: Members of the Memorial 
Hospital Graduate Nurses Association at their 
February meeting paid signal honor to two 
of their most esteemed and active members, 
Misses Lissa Crane and Hazel Hastings. Miss 
Bella Mitchener, the president, presented NEss 
Crane and Miss Hastings with life member' 
ship certificates in the association and told of 
their long and faithful service in the work of 
the Memorial Hospital Alumnae Association 
as well as in the former organization, the 
Amasa Wood Hospital Alumnae Association. 
Miss Mitchener's words were supplemented 
by a few timely remarks from Miss Lucille 
Armstrong. superintendent of the Memorië:tl 
Hospital, who spoke not only of the devotion 
to duty of Miss Crane and Miss Hastings 
but also of Miss Hasting's leadership an'; 
Miss Crane's wise counsel in the direction of 
alumnae affairs. Miss Hastings, in a few well 
chosen words, replied for herself and Mi,;s 
Crane to whom the gift, which was accom' 
panied by a beautiful bouquet of flowers, came 
as a distinct surprise. Progressive bridge was 
played and a dainty lunch was served by t:1e 
social committee. 


BRANTFORD: The regular monthly meetiI1
of the Alumnae Association of the School of 
Nursing of the Brantford General Hospital 
was held Feb. 6, when the guest speaker, Dr. 
A. M. Overholt, gave a splendid address ("n- 
titled "Wit and Humour" which was much 
enjoyed. At a recent meeting of the Associa' 
tion the sum of $'25.00 was voted towards the 
1933 quota of the Permanent Education Fwd 
for Districts 2 and 3. 
ORANGEVILLE: The Alumnae Association 
of the school of nursing of the Lord Dufferin 
Hospital recently held a very instructive and 
interesting meeting at the home of one of the 
members. Reports of the special committees 
were received and an extremely interesting 
talk was given on the International CouncIl 
of Nurses Congress. Remembering our sch.)o] 
motto, "For God and Humanity," and feeling 
a de!'ire to help those less fortunate than we, 
money was raised to buy clothing for a needy 
family in Sa;;katchewan. 
\VOOf>STOf:K: Miss E]ma Rosenberger, w:



for the pd
t twelve yCdl:' hd'i been engaged 
in health and child welfarc work in Kor..a, 
was an interesting speaker at a recent meeting 
of the Association. Miss Rosenber' 
ger is at present at home on furlough. She 
referred to the International Congress l)f 
Nurses held recently in Paris at which she 
had the honour of being the delegate from 
Korea. She also told of her experiences in 
the work in which she is engaged in Korea. 
The president, Miss Mabel Costello, intro' 
duced the speaker and following her address, 

iss Helen Potts, superintendent of the hos' 
pital, and Miss Ella Eby expressed the appre' 
ciation of the nurses to Miss Rosenberger for 
her splendid talk. A social hour brought the 
meeting to a close under the convenership of 
Miss Eleanor Hastings. 
HAMILTON: It was with much regret that 
the news of Miss Edith Rayside's resignation 
was received by the members of the Alumnae 
Association of the school of nursing of the 
Hamilton General Hospital. During her ':en 
years as superintendent of nurses she has en' 
deared herself not only to her staff a,ld 
students but also to the members of the Alum' 
nae Association and all other organi
connected with the hospital. Her sympathetic 
understanding and kindness as a leader and 
counsellor has won her a place of high esteem. 
:\t thc regular meeting of the Alumnae Asso' 
ciation held in January a presentation of a 
beautiful string of pearls was made to her by 
the president of the Alumnae Association, 
Mrs. Hess, after which a social hour was 

pent. Other social functions in Miss Ray- 
side's honour were held by the nursnig staiL 
the medical 
taff, the students and the 
Women's Auxiliary. Miss Rayside was the 
recipient of several handsome gifts on th,:,sc 
Miss Mary Watson of the Mount Hamilton 
Hospital staff has left for a three months' 
postgraduate course in obstetrics at the Royal 
Victoria Hospital, Montreal. "!v1iss An"1Íe 
Thompson and Miss Winnifred MacGregor 
have recently joined the nursing staff of the 
Hamilton General Hospital. 
HAMIL TOr-;: Two hundred and thirty,fi\c 
nurses of Hamilton and vicinity assembled in 
the Generdl Hospital, Hamilton, on Jan. 19, 
to hear Miss Ethel Johns give a "ivid an.! 
thought'provoking picturc of nursing cond., 
tions throughout Canada. In her opening 
,emarks she referred feelingly to the honor 
bestowed upon Miss Edith Rayside by Hi
\1ajesty. Mi:,s Johns dlso visited the ea:.terll 
portion of the district, addre"sing the nur
of St. Cathdrines, Nidgara Falls and \\Telland. 
HAMILTON: The reg-uh, tnl'dinc of t'H 
"\RCH. ]QH 


St. Juseph's Hospltdl Alumnae Associatio:1 
was held on Feb. 3 when a very interesting 
talk was given by Mr. Reid, pharmacist, on 
the latest drugs and their origin. 
MARRIED: On Dec. 27, 1933, in Hamilton, 
Miss Dorothy Mclntosh (St. J. H., 1930), to 
Mr. Ralph Farrell, of Grimsby. 
MARRIED: On Jan. 30, 1934, in Walkers' 
ton, Miss Kathleen Waechter (St. J. H., 
1930), to Mr. James O'Meara, of Hamilto.l. 
TO: Miss Dorothy Mickleborough 
was re'elected, by acclamation, as chairman 
of District 5 R.N.A.O. at the annual mei't, 
ing held at Toronto on January 30. Ml
Kathleen Reid presented the report of Chapter 
One, which was organized last spring and 
includes thc Oshawa and Whitby members of 
District 5. Reports of sections were prc' 
sented as follows: Nurse Education: Miss 
Nettie Fidler; Public Health: Miss E. Man' 
ning: Standing committees: MembershiP. Miss 
Edna Moore; Programme. Miss Marion St
wart; Publications, Miss Ethel Greenwood. 
A letter was read from the Central Registry 
for Graduate Nurses, asking consideration of 
a plan whereby graduate nurses might be 
employed in hospitals to replace some of the 
student nurses. Miss Mary Millman presented 
a resolution from the Joint Study Committ
to go forward from the district to the Board 
of Directors of the R.N.A.O. dealing with 
the matter of reduction of the number of 
student, admitted to schools of nur
ing. Mic;s 
Elvira Manning, chairman of the public health 
section. presented a concise summary of the 
information received by her committee in 
answer to a questionnaire sent out to public 
health nur:,es in the district. It appeared from 
the answers received that it was increasin,::'lv 
difficult for nurses in training to obt

adequate experience in the care of commu' 
nicable disease, or, as Miss Margarct Mc, 
Crimmon. the reporter from the GJobt' 
expressed in next day, "there is not enough 
whooping cough, measles and diphtheria tC' 
go round in Toronto." An
wers to the queries 
also note insufficient training in pediatrics for 
the student nurse who is to do public health 
work after graduation. Miss Irene Weirs. 
retiring secretary'treasurer, was presented Wi
a bouquet of spring flowers by Miss Ruby 
Hamilton, on behalf of the members, in appre' 
ciation of her services during the past three 
years. Officers elected for the coming year 
were: president, Miss Dorothy A. MickIe- 
borough; \'ice'president, Miss P. B. Austin: 
urer, Miss I. M. Park; conven
uf ..ections, P,..ivate Dutv. Mi,.s Mabel St. 
John; Nurse Education, Mi:>s Mabel Sharpe: 
Pllhli. H t't11rll "\ii....; F1\'ir.t M,.nnin(!: COtl,- 



cilioTs: Miss Jessie Gurdon, Miss Esther 
Strachan, Miss Edna Moore, Miss Jessie Fa
quharson, Miss Anne Scott and Miss Hazel 
District 5 R.N.A.O. held a special meet- 
ing in Toronto, on Jan. 20, when three hun- 
dred nurses assembled to hear Miss Ethel 
Johns speak on "The Canadian Scene." Mi
Dorothy Mickleborough presided and Miss 
Marjorie Buck was a guest of honour from 
Simcoe, bringing greetings as president of the 
R.N.A.O. Mrs. F. L. Trethewey, accompanied 
by Mrs. E. L. Capreol, sang two delightfll1 
songs. Miss Elizabeth SmelIie, C.B.E., R.R.C., 
was a welcome guest from District 8 and 
joined a group who were entertained after 
the meeting by Miss Trethewey at her delight. 
ful home in Trethewey Park. 
TORONTO: At the annual meeting of the 
Alumnae Association of the School of Nurs- 
ing of the Hospital for Sick Children the 
following officers were elected: Hon. Presi- 
dents: Miss Florence Potts and Mrs. Goodson; 
hone vice'president, Miss Austin: president, 
Mrs. Strachan; first vice'president, Mrs. Cas. 
san; second vice'president, Mrs. Raymond: 
recording secretary, Miss Langman; corres' 
ponding secretal y, Miss Blackwood: treasu
Miss Mary Deck. 
Miss Clara Morris (H.S.C. 1932), is taking 
.1 postgraduate course in obstetrics at the 
Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal. 
TORONTO: The Welfare Auxiliary of the 
Sick Children's Hospital, Toronto, which has 
about thirty. five members most of whom Jrc 
graduates of the school, reports a very actÏ\.c 
year. Thirty meetings have been held with 
an average attendance of twelve. Fifty-five 
layettes have been prepared for distribution; 
these consisted of 260 garments and 170 
knitted articles; some of the knitting being 
done by the older patients and the maids -at 
the Thistletown Hospital. To raise funds f'.)f 
the work, a bridge was held when thirty.eight 
tables were played and receipts were $122.00. 
Many interesting prizes were presented by 
Miss Potts, who was an honored guest at tea. 
TORONTO: The December meeting of the 
Alumnae Association of the school of nursing 
of the Women's College Hospital took the 
form of a social reunion which was planned 
and very successfully carried out by our nCVl 
president, Miss Worth, assisted by Miss Fra. 
ser. The new officers for the year are: Hon. 
president, Mrs. Bowman; hone vice'president, 
Miss Meiklejohn; president, Miss Worth, 93 
Scarboro Beach Blvd.; secretary, Miss Free, 
48 Northumberland St.; treasurer, Miss Fraspr, 
125 Rusholme Rd. 
HROC'KVJI.I r: The organization of the 

Nurses AssocidtlOn of the St. Vin- 
cent de Paul Hospital, Brockville, has recently 
been achieved. The first meeting of the Asso. 
ciation was held on Dec. 3, and the following 
officers were elected for the coming year: 
President, Miss A. Brassor; first vice-president. 
Miss M. Rupert; second vice'president, Miss 
L Nelson; recording secretary, Miss K. Walsh: 
corresponding secretary, Miss C. Consitt: 
treasurer, Mrs. G. Hourigan; committe
Misses M. Jordon, H. McKeown, C. Slack. 
PRESCOTT: Miss Effie Gorsoline (B.G.II. 
1 C) 3 2), i
 taking a postgraduate course of on
year in psychiatric nursing at the Ontario 
Hospital, Whitby. The Misses Kathle
Weston and Marjorie Cooper (both B.G.H., 
1932), are taking postgraduate courses at the 
Royal Victoria Maternity Hospital, Montrea1. 
OTTAWA: The annual meeting of the Alum- 
nae Association of the School of Nursing of 
the Ottawa Civic Hospital was held on Jan. 
19. Much satisfaction was evinced when the 
reports for the year were read and approveJ. 
The president, Miss Edna Osborne, thanked 
the officers and members of the association for 
their cooperation during the past year. The 
following were chosen as officers for the en- 
suing year: Hon. president, Miss Gertrude 
Bennett: president, Miss Osborne; first vice. 
president, Miss Morley; second vice'president, 
Miss Curry; recording secretary, Miss Lamb; 
corresponding secretary, Miss Downey: 
treasurer, Miss Gemmell, flower committee, 
Miss Ferguson; press correspondent, Miss 
Pepper; councillors, Misses Mulvagh, Farmer, 
Kelly, D. Johnstone, Barry. 
With an attendance of nearly four hundred 
guests, the annual dance held on Feb. 2, by 
the Alumnae Association of the School of 
Nursing, Ottawa Civic Hospital, proved to 
be a successful and delightful event. The 
guests were received by Miss Gertrude Ben. 
nett, superintendent of nurses, Miss Elizabeth 
Smellie, C.B.E., R.R.C., who was guest of 
honor, and by Miss Edna Osborne, president 
of the Alumnae Association. The committee 
in charge of arrangements was composed of 
Miss Myrtle Dale, Miss Bertha Farmer and 
Miss Beth Graydon. 
MARRIED: On Dec-. 23, 1933, in Toronto. 
Miss Hazel Marion Chugg (Ottawa Civic 
Hospital, 1927), to Dr. Frederick F. FitÒ 
of Elk Lake, Ontario. 
MARRIED: On Dee. 30, 1933, at All Saints 
Church, Ottawa, Miss Hermione Cobh 
(Ottawa Civic Hospital, 1(27), to Mr. Rupert 
Smiley, of Oxford Mills. 
MARRIED: On Jan. 3, 1Y34, in Montreal, 
Miss Jessie MacGillvary (Ottawa Civic Hmo. 
ritat. 19
()). to 
1. Ro
crt Gilchrist. 
VOL XXX, No. "'! 


MARRIED: On Jan. 31, 1934, at St. Mat' 
thews Church, Ottawa, Miss Edna Lois Win- 
deler (Ottawa Civic Hospital, 1927), to 
Flying Officer Morgan Keddie. They will 
reside in England. 
FORT WILLIAM: Miss Vera Lovelace presid, 
ed at a meeting of the R.N.A.O. held on Jan. 
4. An address on "The History of Medicine", 
was given by Dr. J. H. Dennison. A delight, 
ful piano duet was contributed by the Mi
Mildred and Ruth Walberg. 
PORT ARTHUR: The regular meeting ('If 
the Alumnae Association of the School of 
Nursing of the Port Arthur General Hospital 
was held on Jan. 9, the president, Mrs. Wal, 
lace Smith, occupying the chair. Several 
activities for the near future were discussed. 
Tea was served by Miss Margaret McGrath 
and Miss Peggy Eaton. 
PORT ARTHUR: Eighty-five nurses gather
at St. Joseph's General Hospital on Jan. IS, 
to hear interesting addresses on mental diseases 
of children, given by Dr. Greaves and Mi<;s 
Marquette, of Orillia, who are at the lakehead 
in connection with the psychiatric clinic. Mi-;s 
Vera Lovelace presided, and refreshments 
were served by the nurses of the hospital staff. 

MONTREAL: Miss Jennie \Vebster has been 
presented with a volume designated "T:1e 
Book of Remembrance", containing a resolu' 
tion of appreciation of her services, quoted 
from the minutes of the Medical Board of the 
Montreal General Hospital, the signatures of 
contributors to the fund for the painting of 
her portrait, and a copy of the portrait to' 
gether with other illustrations. Miss Catherine 
E. Kearns (M.G.H., 1929), has recently been 
visiting in Montreal, having resigned her posi- 
tion at the Evanston Hospital, and accepted 
a similar position as medical supervisor at the 
Postgraduate Hospital in New York. Mi;;s 
Enid M. Davy (M.G.H., 1933), is taking a 
postgraduate course at the Boston Lying-in 
MARRIED: On Sept. 9, 1933, at ChicoutÌ101, 
Que., Miss Vera B. McLeod (M.G.H., 1927), 
to Mr. P. B. Butler. 
MARRIED: On Feb. 3, 1934, at Montreal, 
Miss Constance P. L. Ruse (M.G.H., 1930), 
to Mr. John Stewart Meagher. They will 
reside in Montreal. 
MARRIED: On Feb. 3, 1934, at Knowlton, 
Que., Miss Jean C. Bancroft (C.M.H., 1927), 
to Mr. Chas. Bancroft. They will reside in 
"'1 ew Canaan, Conn. 
MONTREAL: At the January meeting of the 
Alumnae Association of the Royal Victoria 
Hospital it wa!'! decided that. in future, fifte..n 
1\1 \RCII. 1C)H 


minute:. at each meetmg WIll be devoted to 
discussion of current nursing events. It IS 
hoped that this innovation will be helpful to 
all the members. Miss Winnifred Maclean 
(R.V.H., 1930), has accepted the positio'1 
of superintendent of nurses at the Soldiers' 
Memorial Hospital, Campbell ton, N.B. 
MARRIED: On Dec. 21, 1933, Miss Florenl.:e 
Ross Van (R.V.H., 19:!.8), to Dr. C. E. Lun' 
don, of Montreal. 
MARRIED: On Dec. :!.7, 1933, Miss Mar:' 
Barnes (R.V.H., 1925), to Dr. W. A. G. 
Bauld, of Montreal. 
MARRIED: On Dec. 27, lY33, Miss Beatric(' 
Foote (R.V.H., 1933), to Mr. Roy McIsaacs, 
of Amherst, N .S. 
MARRIED: On Jan. 27, }YH, Mi
s M,uy 
Parker (R.V.H., 1930), to Mr. Haro!d 
Frederick Freeburne, of Hamilton. 
MONTREAL: The annual meeting of the 
Alumnae Association of the School of Nurs- 
ing of the Woman's General Hospital was 
held on Jan. 17 and Mr:>. L. M. Crewe was 
re-elected as president. An interesting lecture 
was given by Dr. Goldman and the evening 
closed with a social hour. Several of our new 
members are on staff duty dt the hospital. 
Miss Hilda Field (1932), is in charge of t
fifth Boor and Miss R. Six smith (1932), i" 
in charge of the fourth floor. Miss L. Clark 
and Miss Cleland (193:!.), Miss Onyon anrl 
Miss M. Logan ( 1933), Miss R. Burgh.
(1931), are on duty in different parts of the 
hospital. Miss Annie Shalit (1915), has re- 
turned from California and is at present a 
patient in the hospital. 
SHERBROOKE: Miss Mildred Baldw1I1 
(Sherbrooke Hospital, 19
9), has accepted a 
position as industrial nurse at the Paton Mills. 
SHERBROOKE: The annual dinner of the 
Eastern Townships Graduate Nurses Associa' 
tion was held on Jan. 11, in the MacKinnn'l 
Memorial building and was well attended. 
After dinner the annual meeting was held, 
and plans were discussed to send a de1eg.ltc 
to the A.R.N.P.Q. annual meeting in Mont' 
real. The following officers were elected for 
the year 1934: Hon. president, Miss Verna 
K. Beane; president, Mi
1> E. Bean; vice-presi' 
dent, Miss Dwane; corresponding secretary. 
Miss Florence C. Wardleworth; recording 
secretary, Miss Harvey; treasurer, Miss Mar' 
garet Robins; representative to 'The Canadian 
'Nurse, Miss Carolyn A. Hornby, box 324, 
Sherbrooke; rcprc
entative, Private Dutv 

ursing, Mi
:. Ella Morris:.ctte. 
i:.s Jes!-ie McRac is takin,
.1 postgraduate cuur
e in p:.ychi.,trÙ: nurSIn
.It the Ont.triu Ho,.pital, \Vhit
\. Mi!'!' M.I 
linn Hil' (S.C' H. lln:\). h,\.. "'''1' I 'I: I'll II., 



appomtment of assistant night superivl:ior in 
the .saskatchewan City Hospital. Postgraduate 

ourse.s are being taken at the Saskatoon Sana- 
torium hy Miss M. I. Findlay (S.C.H., 1932), 
Miss A. L. Melsness (S.C.H. 1932) and Mi<;s 
Viola Fisher (S.C.H. 1933). 
MARRIED: On Jan. I, 1934, at RosebUlg. 
Oregon, Miss Ruth Taylor (S.C.H. 1925). 
to Mr. Ernest C. Patterson, of Eugene, Ore. 

The War Memories of a Canadian Nursing 
Sister by ex-Nursing Sister Mabel Clint, 
A.R.R.C. The manuscript of this vivid and 

moving recital of a tremendous experience 
has been read and endorsed by Matron-in- 
chief Margaret Macdonald. Though not an 
official history, this book is an eYe-witn
account of events in the war zone in France, 
England, Belgium, Egypt and Lemnos ar.d 
thus constitutes an authentic picture of actual 
conditions not as yet available in any other 
publication. Our readers are reminded that, 
if this manuscript is to appear in book fonn, 
sufficient orders must be received to warrant 
the expense of publication. The pre-publica- 
tion price will not exceed $1.25. Send orders, 
but no money to Miss Mabel Clint, 2112 
Claremont Ave., Montreal. 


CALGARY: The annual meeting of the 
Nursing Sisters Overseas Club was held at 
the home of the president, Miss Gee. \\'c 
welcomed to our membership Mrs. Cordingly 
and Mrs. Tomlinson. We are looking forwdrd 
to Mis<; Clint's book on war experiences. The 
officers for the year are: President, Miss Ann 
Gee; vice-president, Mrs. H. D. Stuart; 
treasurer, Miss Marion Lavell; secretary, Mic;s 
Nicol Gunn: phone-secretary, Miss Train 
Gray. Our next meeting will probably take 
the form of a garden parry. 
TORONTO: The annual meeting of the 
Toronto Unit of the Overseas Nursing Sist
Association of Canada was held on J anu'lTY 
l.ï, at the Christie Street Hospital, Toronto. 
:virs. Jack Bell, popular and energetic presi- 
dent of the unit who, owing to the change 
in date of all annual meetings of units, had 
presided at two consecutive Remembrance 
Dinners, presented a report of her activities 
during the year. She represented the unit 
the Memorial Service for General Currie and 
placed the flowers at the Cenotaph on Remem- 
brance Day. Interesting reports of the differ- 
ent committees were presented, including that 
of the welfare committee, in which Mrs. John 
Turnbull told of assistance given in time of 
illness to.a Nursing Sister, and of Christm2.s 
l:heer provided for the families of two returned 
men. A. characteristic letter from Matron-Ìiì- 
Chief Macdonald was read in which she ex- 
pressed thanks for the flowers sent to her at 
Christmas time. Miss Rayside's letter, in 
answer to Mrs. Bell's personal letter of con- 
gratulations on her decoration, was also re'lt! 
dnd received great applause. It was announced 
that Mis!' Bertha Smith of London, who w:\s 

also mentioned in the New Year's honour.;, 
was a member of the unit though not weil 
known to all its members, as she was seldom 
able to attend meetings. Miss Harriet Meikle- 
john spoke to the matter of support by the 
units to enable Nursing Sister Clint to publi,h 
her war memoirs in a book entitled "Our Bit." 
It was felt that in view of the very favourabl
criticism of the book expressed by Matron- 
in-Chief Macdonald, in the January number 
of 'The Canadian Nurse, the members of the 
unit should give every encouragement to the 
author. Captain Sidney Lambert had arrang
a surprise in the form of entertainment hy 
the Toronto Male Quartette, who delighted 
the members with several numbers. Officers 
for the year were elected as follows: President, 
Miss Ruby Hamilton; vice-president, Miss 
Laura Gamble; recording secretary, Mrs. 
Ralph Craig; corresponding secretary, :t-..lrs. 
F. A. Spence; treasurer, Mrs. George Hanna; 
executive committee, Mrs. Norman Lucas, 
Miss Edith Rogers, Miss Winona Farr, Mi
D. B. Gillespie, Miss Ella Drysdale, Miss S. 
Might, Miss Edna Moore, Mrs. H. Henson, 
Mrs. Cook, Miss Mary Monk. 
The Hamilton unit of the Overse-ls Nursing 
Sisters Association gave a dinner on Jan. 16, 
in honour of their beloved honorary president, 
Miss Edith Rayside, C.B.E., R.R.C., M.H.S.:., 
B.A. Miss Eugenia Gibson was also a gUCi;t 
of honour. Miss Mildred Cowan, acted as 
hostess and Miss Williams proposed the toac;t 
to Miss Rayside to which she graciously re- 
sponded. Miss Cowan proposed a toast to 
Miss Gibson who made a charming response. 
The silent toast to the departed sisters. a 
touching feature of such gatherings, was pro- 
\'or. xxx. No. 


posed by MISS Boyd. A handsome travelling 
clock was presented to Miss Rayside as a 
farewell gift. Seated at the head table were: 
Miss Cowan, Miss Rayside, Mi
s Gibson, Miss 
Boyd, Mrs. Betty Turner and the following 
members of the executive. Miss Bertha Wil. 
Iiams, Miss Gertrude Walker, Miss Ruby 
Galloway, Miss Elsie Long, Miss Foster and 
Miss Chisholm. Others at the dinner were: 
Miss Dart, Mrs. Snider, Mrs. Hogarth, Mrs. 
Cowan, Mise; Carscallen, Mrs. Anderson, Mi:ös 
Ross, Miss Brown, Mrs. Shepherd, }VIiss 
Cameron, Miss Thresher, Miss Macdonald, 
Miss Ferrier, MIss Trim, Mrs. Thompson, 

iss We gar, Mrs. Yeates and Mrs. Cook. 
WINDSOR: The regular meeting and el.c. 
tion of officers for 1934 took place at the 
home of Mrs. G. C. Storey on Jan. 
6. T!1e 
followmg officers were elected: President, Mise; 
Caroline La Rose, Metropolitan General Hos. 
pital, Walkerville; vice'president, Mrs. Eric 
Windeler (Jean Johnson), 1600 Ypres Ave., 
\\ïnd<:or: secretary.treasurer, Mrs. Gilbert C. 


Storey (Marion C. Starr), 372 Eastlawn Blvd., 
Riverside. The members of this unit expressed 
themselves as very interested in Nursing Sister 
Clint's book "Our Bit", and fourteen names 
have been forwarded to her as prospective 
MONTREAL: The annual meeting of the 
Montreal unit of the Overseas Nursing Sisters 
Association of Canada was held on Feb. 1, 
Miss Nell Enright presiding. The reports of 
the president, secretary and treasurer, and of 
the Last Post Fund and sick'visiting commIt. 
tees were read and adopted. Miss Gass re'd 
an interesting paper entitled "A brief synopsIs 
of the Forsyte Saga." The officers elected for 
the coming year are as follows: President, 
Miss Nell Enright; vice'president, Miss Lilian 
Connerty; secretary, Mrs. Winifred Ramsay; 
treasurer, Miss Connie Harrison; Last Post 
Fund, Mrs. Stuart Ramsay; sick.visiting, MiS'3 
M. Wright; committee: Mrs. Turcot, Mi"s 
St. Onge and Mrs. Beattie. 


DOYLE-On Dec. 18, 1933, in Hamilton, 

1rs. Clarence Doyle (née Sadie Campbeil, 
St. J. H., 1919), wife of Mr. Clarenc
Doyle of Caledonia. 
ENGLISH-On Jan. 9, 1934, after a brief 
Illness, Miss Ethel A. English, (Roy.!.1 
Alexandra Hosrital, Edmonton, 1926). 
LANDER-On Jan. 13, 1934. in Hamilton, 
Dorothy Lander (St. J. H., 1931). Miss 
Lander was one of the most popular and 
highly.esteemed of the younger members of 


the nursing profession and leaves a WJce 
circle of friends who deeply mourn her 
untimely death. The funeral was held at 
St. Patrick's Church, the following cla3s, 
mates ácting as honorary pallbearers: Missc!o 
Geraldine Schuette, Gladys Oliver, Florence 
Kenney, Irene Guay, Blanche McKen:1a, 
Prances Armstrong. 
W ATTERS--On Jan. 6, 1934, at Toronto, 
Mrs. Archibald Watters (née Miss Mar- 
garet 1. Darrach, M.G.H. 1930). 



International Council of r-.;urses: 
Iis!' Christiane Rt>imann, 14 Quai des Eaux-\ïves. (
ene'a. Switærlancl 

Presiden t 
First Vice-President .. .' 
Second Vice- Presiden t 
Honorary Secretary 
Honorary Treasurer 

C:\:s' :\UIA
:\liss F. H. :\1. Emory, l:niversity 01 Toronto, Toronto, Ont. 
..... :\-liss R. :\1. Simpson, ParIialrent B1dgs.. Regina, Sask. 
:\liss G. :\1. Bennett, Ottawa Civic Hospital. Ottawa, Ont. 
Iiss 1'\ora l\1oore, City Hall, Room 30<), Toronto, Ont. 
:\fiss 1\1. :\Iurdoch. St. John Ceneral Hospital. Saint John, 

.VIt?llerals precedino naml'S indicate oJfi('(' held, 1'i.: ,1) Presidf'11t, Prnrinrial NUrseR .-t,
suciat'ion; (2) Chairman, 
NUrllÙI(J Educntinn S('rtioll; (:J) Chairman, PI/hlir /lealth Sef'fÙI1I; (4) rhnirmnll, Primtl' Dllty Sl'ctinn. 

\Iherta: II) 
1iss F. 
Iunroe, Royal Ale:\.andra IIm.- 
pital, Edmonton; (2) 
Iiss J. Connal, General Hospi- 
tal, Calgary; (3) MisR B. A. Emerson. 604 Civie 
Bloek, Edmonton; (4) :\lif'R J. now, 111:J8-R2nd 
Ave., Edmonton. 
British Columbia: (1) :\Iiss :\1. F. Gray, Dept. of 

ursing, University of British Columbia, "aneou\'er; 
(2) :\'Iiss L. :\Iitchell, Royal Jubilee Hospital. '"i('. 
toria; (3) :\1iss 1\1. Duffield, 175 Broadway East.. 
Vaneouver; (4) 
'Iiss:\1. :\Iirfipld, Beacheroft Xur"inlC 
Hnme, Cook St., Yietoria. 
\Ianitoba: (I) :\Iiss :\Iildred Heid, 
urses RetiÎden('e. 
\\ïnnipeg General Hospital, Winnipeg; (2) Sister St. 
.-\lbert, Ht. Joseph's Hospital, Winnipeg; (3) Miss E. 
:\leKelvey, 60:J 
IPdical Art" Building, Winnipeg: 
14) :\Iis" K. :\leCallum, 181 Enfield Crt'scent, Nor- 
:\ew Brunswick: (I) :\Iiss .-\. J. :\lac:\laster, 
1I0Rpital, :\Ioncton; (2) Hister Corinne Kerr, Hott'l 
Dieu Hospital, Campbellton; (3) :\'Iiss Ada Burns, 
Health Centre. Raint John: (4) :\liBS 
Iahpl :\1 e- 
:\1 ullen, St. Stephen, . 
"I;ova Scotia: (1) 
lisB .-\nne :O;lattery, Box 173, 
""ind"or: (2) :\1rs. 
Iurray :\lacKay, Nova Scotia 
Hospital, Dartmouth; (3) :\Iiss .\. Edith Fenton, 
Dalhùusie Health Clinic, :\Iorris St., Halifax; (4 
:\Ii"" Christint' :\lacLeod, 97 South Kline St., Halifax. 

Ontario: (I) 
Iarjorie Bm'k, 
orfolk Hospital. 
:-:imcoe: (2) Miss ::I. 
1. Jamieson, Peel :\'Iemorial 
Hospital. Brampton; (:J) :\Irs. Agnes Haygarth. 
21 :O;us"t'"\. St., Toronto: (4) ''Ii"s Clara Brown, 2
Kendal ,-\ \"e., Toronto. 
Prince Edward Island: (1) :\Iiss Lillian Pidgeon, 
Prince Co. Hospital. Summerside, (2) Miss F. 
La\"ers, Prince Co. Hospital, Summerside; (3) :\lis6 
I. Gillan. 59 Grafton St., Charlotteto\\n; (4) :\'Ii"" :\1. 
Gamhle. 51 .-\mbrose :;t., C'harlotteto\\n. 
Ouebec: (I) :\Iiss C. Y. Barrett, Royal Yictoria :\Iater- 
nity Ho!'pital, :\Iontrpal; (2) 
Ii"s :\Iartha Batson, 
:\lontJ"eal General Hospital, :\Iontreal; (:J) :Mis!' 
Christine Dowling, 1246 Bishop 
(4) :\Ii!'s C. :\1. Watling, 12
0 RiRhop :-:treet, :\Iontreal. 
Saskatchewan: (I) :\Iiss Edith Amas, f'ity Hospital, 
:-:askatoon; (2) :\Iiss G. :\1. Watson, City Hospital. 
Saskatoon; (:J) :\lrs. E. :\1. Fðeny, Dept. of Publil" 
Health. Parliament Bldgs., Regina; (4) Misfl :\1. R. 
('hi"holm, 80.'; 7th ,-\ \'e. N., Ha"katoon. 

'l"n"INIi EDUC....TION: :\Iiss G. :\1. Fairley, \'ancou\"er 
General HOBpital, Yancouver; PLBLIC HE.-\LTH: :\Ii!'!' 
:\1. :\Ioag, 1246 Bishop St., Montreal; PRIVATt: 
DUTY: :\li"8 Isabel MacInt08h, Queen"court Apt., 
75 Quppn 
t. S., Hamilton. 

Executive Secretary: '1iss .Tean S. Wilson, National Office, 1411 Crescent St., 

fontreal, P.Q. 

S OF C:\.!'ìADIA:\ :s'{

C"H...IHIIUN: :\Iis" G. :\1. Fairley. "aneouver Genpral 
HORpital. "aneou\"er; "ICE-CH.-\IR!II.-\S: :\Ii"" :\1. F. 
Gray, l'ni\'ersity of British Columbia, "aneoU\'pr; 

ECRET...R\: :\liBR E. F. upton, Suite 221, 1
96 St. 
Catherine :o;t. "'est, 
Iontreal; TRE.-\8l"RER: ;\'Iit'R 
Hlalll.he .-\ndprson, Ottawa C'i\'il" Hospital, OUawn. 
COUNCILLORS \lberta: :\lisR ,J. Connal, General JlOf'- 
pital, Calgary. British Columbia: :\liR.!\ L. :\Iitehell, 
Royal .Jllhilpe Hospital, \'ictpria. \Ianltoha: SiRtpr 
St. .-\lbert, Ht. ,Joseph's Hospital, Winnipeg. 

ew Brunswick: 
if<tpr Corinnp Kerr, lIotpl Dit'll. 
('ampbellton. Nova Scotia: :\Ir". :\Iurray :\laeKay. 
:"Jo\'a S('otia llof<pital, Dartmouth. Ontario: :\lifoOfI 
S. :\1. .Jamieson, Peel 
Iemorial Ho"pital, Bramptnn. 
Prince Edward Island: :\Iiss :\1. La\"ers, Prinee 
('0. HOflpital, 
ummerside. Ouebec: :\liBs Martha 
Batson, :\Iontreal General Hospital, Montreal. Sas- 
katchewan: :\Iiss G. :\1. Wattmn, City Hospital. 
Saskatoon. CONVESER OF Pl"I\L1c'-\TIONS, 
liRS :\1. 
:\1. Reid, Winnipeg General Hospital, Winnippg 

('H-\lHIII.-\N: :\Iifls Isabel :\lacIntosh, Qlleenfl('ourt .\pt., 
75 Qllet'n 
t. S., Hamilton; YI("E-CH.-\IRIII.'t.N: :\li!'8 
:\Iabel :\1C":\lullen, Bo:\. 338. St. Stephen; SECHET...RY- 
TRE.-\Sl"REH: :\11"8. ROBt' Heflfl, 1:J9 Wellington :-:t., 
('o\'NCILLORS: \Iberta: :\Iis" J. ('low, 11138-82nd 
.\ \'e., Edmonton. British Columhla: :\liss M. 
:\ I irfipld. Hp:wh('rnft ;\; nr"j ng H omf', Yil,tori". 


\-Ianitoha: :\lif'S K. :\leCallulII. 181 Enfield ('rt'f'., 
:'Ii"rrwood. New Brunswick: :\Iis8 :\Iabel Mc;\'Iullen, 

t. Htephen. 
ova Scotia: i\liss Christine 
fl7 South Kline St., Halifax. Ontario: :\'Iis" Clara 
Hro\\n, 2
 Kendal Ave., Toronto. Prince Edward 
Island: :\Iiss ;\1. Gamble. 51 .-\mbrose :;;t., Charlotte- 
to"n. Quebec: :\liB" C. :\1. Watling, 1230 Bishop 
St., :\Iontreal. Saskatchewan: :\1i8S ,I. R. Chi,,- 
holm, 805 7th .-\ve. N., Saskatoon. CONVENER 0\' 
Pt'I\UC-...TIONS: :\Iiss .Jean Davidson, Parifl. 

CIf-\1I0\.\N: :\lis8:\1. :\Ioag, 1246 Hishol' Ht., :\lontrf'Rl; 
"II'E-CH.-\IR'\UN: :\Iiss 
'1. herr, 94ß ;!üth A\'e. 'V., 
\. an('ouver; :O;E("'RET....R\ - TRE....RURER: !\Iif!s :\Iary 
:\Iathewson, 464 Stratheona ,-\ve.. "'estmount, P.Q. 
C"ouNcILLoRR-Alberta: :\Ii;;i< B. .-\. Emerson, 604 
C'ivie Block, Edmonton. British Columbia: :\Iiss 
:\1. Duffield, 175 Broadway East, "ancouver. 
\lanltoba: :\Iiss E. :\leKelvey, 603 :\Iedical .-\rt!' 
Building, Winnipeg. :'IIew Brunswick: :\li8S Ada 
Rums, Health Centre, f:aint John. Nova Scotia: 
:\Iis" Edith Fenton, Dalhousie Health Clinic, !\lorri8 

t.. Halifax. Ontario: :\Irs. .-\Jl:nes Haygarth, 21 
Sussex St., Toronto. Prince Edward Island: !\Ii"" 
Ian Gillan. 5f1 Grafton 
t., C'barl(,ttet.m n. Ouebec: 
:\liss Christine Dowlinl/:, 1246 Bishop Ht., \Iontreal. 
Irs. E. :\1. Feeney, Dept. of Publil' 
Health, ParliamE'nt Buildings. Regina. C'OSVENEII 
OF PUroLICATION..: Mrfl. \gnp!' Haygarth, 21 SUB!I(>"\ 
:-:t. Toronto. 

VOL. XXX, No. 


1 ... - 

Provincial Association of Registered Nurses 



Alberta \ssoclation of R
Iiss F. 
Iunroe, Royal Alexandra 
Hospital, Edmonton; First Vice-President, Mrs. de 
::;atge, Holy CroBS Hospital, Calgary; 
econd Vice- 
President, MiBS S. 
Iacdonald, General Hospital, 
Calgary; Secretary-Treasurer-Registrar, :\Iiss Kate 
Brighty, Administration Building, Edmonton; Chair- 
men: Nursing Education Section, :\liBS J. Connal, 
General Hospital, Calgary; Public Health Section. :\lis8 
B. A. Emerson, 604 ('ivic Block, Edmonton; Primll' 
Dilly SecliOTl, 
Ii"" ,J. ('. ('low, 11138-82nd \\'(>. 


Graduate Nurses Association of British Columbia 
1. F. Gray, 1466 \\'.14th Ave., Vancouver; 
First Vice-President, E. G. Breeze; Second \ïce-Presi- 
dent. G. Fairley; Registrar, H. Randal, 516 Vancouver 
Block, Vancouver; Secretary, .:\1. Kerr, 516 Vancouver 
Block, Vancouver; Conreners of Committees: Nursing 
Education, L. Mitchell, Royal Jubilee Hospital, \ïc- 
toria; Public Health, M. Duffield, 175 Broad\\ay East, 
\'anC'ouver; Private Duty, :\liBS 
1. Mirfield, Beachcroft 

ursing Home, Cook St., Victoria; Councillors, M. P. 
('ftmphpll. \1. Dutton, L. :\lc \llister, K. f'ftnc1pr"on. 


\Ianltoba .\ssociaUon of Re
liss:\1. Heid, \\';nnipeg General Hospital; 
First \ïce-President, :\liss 
. Wright, :\Ietropolitan 
Life. \\ïnnipel!;; 
econd \"ice-PrPRident. :\Iiss C. :\f(.- 
Leod, Brandon General Hospital; Third \ïre-President. 
:,ister Krause, f't Boniface Hospital; :\lembers of 
Board: :\liss:\1. Lang, Miss E. Carruthers, f'istu :\lary, 
:\liss K. \\. Ellis, :\Iiss K. :\leLearn, :\Iiss :\1. :\Ieehftn, 
:\lills E. Johnson, 
t. .\lbert; ('onl'eners of Sec- 
tiOTls: Pllblic lIealth, 
liss E. :\1('Kelvey; Prirate Dul.l/, 
:\Iiss K. :\lcCallum; Nursing EdllCah:oll, Sister 
Albert. Conveners of Committees: Directcry, 
liH! .J. 
Kerr, 74 Cobourg A ve.; f'ocial, :\Iiss S. Polle"fen, 954 
Palmerston .\ ve.; 
ick \,illiting, :\lisR L. Gray, Vic- 
torian Order of Nurses; :\lembership, :\Iis!' E. Ironside, 
\\"innipeg General Hospital; Librarian, Miss W. Gri('e 
anò :\liss .\. Starr, 753 Wolseley A,'e.; Press and Pub- 
liC'ation, :\li!'R E. Bank!', 64 :-:t. Cros8 St.; ReJlTesenta- 
: lo('al Council of Women. :\Irs. Willard Hill and 
:\Irs. Emmett D\\yer; Central Council of SoC'ial Agen- 
f.ies, :\liss F. Robertson; \"ictorian Order of Nurses, 
:\Iiss E. A. Russell; ,Junior Red Cross, :\fi
s E. Parker; 
Red CroBS Enrolmpnt, Mrs. J. F. :\IGrrison; E"ecutive 
"':p('rptary and Rel!:istrar, :\lrs. Stella Gordon Kerr. 


New Brunswick Association of Re9Jstered :'\:urscs 
Prellident, :\Iiss A. J. :\fac:\,laster, Moncton Hospi. 
tal, Moncton; First \ïce-President, 
Iiss Margaret 
:\Iurdoch; Second Vice-President, Miss Myrtle E. 
l\:ay; Honorary:-:ecretary, Rev. 
ister Kenny; Coun('il 
!\lembers: MiRR Floren('e Coleman. :\Iiss H. :-:. Dyke- 
man, Mrs. A. G. \\' oodcocl., ì\lillB Elsie :\1. Tulloch; 
('onl1eners: Public Health Section. :\liBB ,-\da A. Burns; 
Private Duty Spction. :\liss :\Iabel :\Ic:\fullin; Nursino 
Education Sedim. ::5ister Kerr; Committee Conl1ener/l' 
The Canad1'an NUr8e, Miss Kathleen Lawson; Consti- 
tution and By-La\\s, :\liss t-:. F. Brophy; Secretary- 
i"trar, :\Iiss :\Iaudp E. Rptalli('k, 2ft! 
t. West. 
aint ,John, :'\l.R 


urse8 AssocIation of 
O\a Scotl.. 
Pre!4ident, :\liSll .-\nne 
Iattery. WindRor; First \"i('('- 
l'residpnt, !\Iiss \ïctoria Winslow, lIalifa\:; Ref"ond 
\"ice-President. :\liBB :\Iarion Boa, Xew GIB.I'IR'o,,; 
I'hird \ïce-President, Sistpr Anna Heton. lIalifa\:; 
Hecordinl!; Se('retary, :\1rs. Donald Gilli". 123 \'pmoll 
St., Halifax; Treallurer and Hel!:istrar, :\li"" I F. 
Fr!l!,pr, 10 F.n!'tprIl Tru!'t Bldp:.. llulifn\ 

Re9,lsrcred :\urses Association of Ontario 
(Incorporated 1915 1 
PresIdent, :\Iiss 
Iarjnrie Buck, Xorfolk General 
imcoe; First \"ice-Pre!'ident, :\fiss Doroth, 
Percy, Rm. 
21 Jackson Bldg., Ottawa; 
e('ond \ïc
ent, :\hss Constance Brewster, General Hospital, 
ecretary. Treasurer, :\liss :\Iatilda E. 
FltzJ[erald, 380 Jane St., Toronto; Chairman, Nurse 
Edu.cati!1 n Sectio'!. Miss H. Margaret Jamieson, Pepl 
Memorial HospItal, Brampton; Chairman. Pril!ur, 
Du.ty SutiOTl, Miss Clara Bro\\n, 23 Kendal \ve 
foronto; Chair
an.' Public Health Section, Mrs. ..\gn
Haygarth, Provmclal Department of Health, Parlia- 
ment Bldgs., Toronto; D1strict No.1: Chairman, :\lil!8 
I,'riscilJa CampbelJ, Publ
c G
neral H,?spital, Chatham; 
cretarY-Tr.J:8s,-!rer, MIss Lila C
rt1s. 78 Fc,rest I"L 
latham; D1stnd8 2 and 8: Chauman, :\o1i8B A. E. 
Bmgeman, Fre

natorium, Kitcherer; 
Treasurer, l\hss EdIth 253 Gren\\ich 
Brantford; District No.4: Chairman. :\Iiss Cor.stan('
Bre\\ster. General Hcspital, Hamilton; 
Treasurer, :\Irs. Eva Barlow, 211 
tinson St., Hamilton 
District NO.5: Çhairman, :\liss Doroth) :\lickle- 
borough, ProvincIal Dept. of Health, Parliament 
s., Toronto; Recretary- Treasurer, :\liss lren(' 
\\ el
s, 198 :\If.\nor Road East, Tcronto; District No.6: 
hss Helen :\1. Anderson, 709 Water St., 
I. eterbl!rough.; Secretary- Treasurer, 
liss Dorotb)' 
Icholls Hospital, Peterboro' District No.7: 
Iairman, :\lis8 Louise D. Acton, Ge
eral Hospital, 
Kmgston; S
-Treasurer, Miss Olivia Wilson, 
General HospItal, Kmgston; District No.8: Chairman, 
:\liss Dorothy Percy, Rm. 321, Jackson Bldg., Ottawa; 
Secretary-Treasurer, :\lis!' A. G. Tanner, Civic HLsl-i- 
tal, Ottawa: Distn"ct No.9: Chairman, :\li88 Katherine 
:\facKenzie, 1
5RecondAve. \V., North Bay;fo'ecretary- 
Treasurer, ì\hss Robena Buchanan, 197 First .-\ve. E., 
:'\lorth Bay; District No. 10: Chairman, :\Ir!l. :\fariol1 
Edwards, 226.
. Harold 
t., Fort William; Secretar)- 
Treasurer, :\hss Ethel Stewftrdson, :\ff'Kellar GenHlil 
HOflpital. Fort William. 

District No. II Re
lstered :'IIurses \ssoclatlon 
of Ontario 

Chairman, :\Iiss D. :\1. Percy; \"i('e-Chairman, :\li
:\1. B Anderson; :-:ecretary- Treasurer, :\liss A. G. 
Tanner, Ottawa Civic I1C'spital; CouncillorR. :\liB8r" 
E. C. 
lcIlraith, :\1. Graham, :\1. Slinn, .-\. Brady, 
:\1. Robertson, R. Pridmore; Conl1eners of CommIU

:\Iembership. Miss E. Ro('hon; PubliC'ations, :\liF!'\ 
E. C. l\IcIlraith; Nursing Education. :\1iss :\1. F. 
.\cland; Prir;ate Duty, :\Ii"," .Y. L. ('hur('h; PIlNic 
Health. :\Iisll :\1. Rorn-rtf'on. 

DI!ltrlct :\"0. 10, R
ursps .\ssociation 
of Ontario 
President. :\liss \'. T ",,'elace; \"ice-Prt'llident. :\Iiss :\1. 
Hamilton; ::5ecretary Treasurer, !\IiI's E. ::5tewardllon. 
:\Id\.ellar General Hospital, Fort William; Coul1('illorø: 
:\Iiss Jane Hogarth, :\liBII 1\1. WallaC'e, :\lil!8 C. Lemon, 
:\lil!8 C. Chi\"Pl'II \\ il"on. :\Ii"" Flannillan. :\fi"" lrpnf' 


Prince Fd
ard Island Reai!ltered 'ur!le!l 
I're!'idf'nt, :\liBS Lillian Pidl!:f'on, Prime ("0. II. IIpital. 
SummerRidp; \"i('e-Prf'lliòpnt, :\fi!'R :\1. KinJ/:. ('harlotte- 
twon Hospital; Sef"rptary, :\liBII :\1. ('ampbell, 8 Grsfwn 
;o;t., Charlottetown; Trea!lurH and HeJ/:Ü'trar, :\JiM 
Fdna Green, 257h Quet'll ;o;t., Charlflttetfl\\u; .VursilfU 
Edllcatinn. :\IiSR 
1. La\"f'n., Prinf'e Co. HOIIpital. 
;o;uml11er!lide; Public lI..alth, :\Ii!\(l I. Gillan. 59 Grafton 
:-'t.. (,harlotteto\\n; Private Dllty, :\li"l1 :\1. Gamble, 51 
t., ('harlottptown; HpprellPntati\ f' to TI... 
('anadian Nllrfl.... 'Ii"" \lInn \fair. I'.F'- HOlipitRI. 
(,hnrlottf'to" n 




,\ssociation of Re
istered Nurses of the Province 
of Quebec Incorporated 1920 
.\dvisory Board: :\Iisses :\Iary Samuel, :\label F 
Hersey, C. :\1. Watling, Rp\'. 1\1ère :\1. V. .\lIaire, Hpv. 
:-5oeur Ste. hidora; President, Mil's C. \" Barrett, 
H.oyal \'ictoria :\Iontreal :\Iaternity Hospital; \ï,'e- 
President (Engli!'h), MiRS :\1. L. :\Ioag, \'ietorian Order 
of Nurses, 1246 Bishop St., :\lontre31; Yi!"e.President 
\French), Rév. 
oeur Allard, Hôtel-Dieu de :'t. Joseph, 
)'lontreal; Hon. Secretary, :\liBB Esther Reith, Child 
Welfare Assoeiation, Forum Bld
., :\Iontreal; Hon. 
Treasurer, :\liss M. E. 
ash, \ïctorian Order of Nurf'C!', 
1246 Bishop St., :\Iontreal. Other :\Iembers: :\liFf< 
)'Iabel Ie Holt, The Montreal General Hospital, 
:\Iademoillelle Edna Lyn!"h, Nursing Supervisor, :\Ietrr,- 
politan Life Insurance Co., :\Iontreal, R{'v. Soeur St. 
.Je3n de l'Eucharistie, Hõpital 
otre Dame, :\-lontreal. 
:\liss :\Iarion Lindeburgh, Hchool for Graduatf' NurRf'I', 
:\leGill University, Montreal, Mademoiselle \Ie"ina 
)'larchessault, Eeole d'Hygiène Social Appliquéi', 
Fniversité de :\lontreal. C01il'enpr8 of Section8: Prim II 
Duty, (English), :\liss C. M. Watling, 1230 Bishop St., 
:\Iontreal; Private Duty (French), :\Iademoiselle .\lice 
L?pine, H!>pital Notre Dame, :\Iontreal; .Vursing Edu- 
c'ltion (En!dish), :\Iiss :\Iartha Batson, The Montreal 
Ceneral Hospital, :\Iontreal; Nur8ing Education 
(French), Rév. Soeur Augustine. Hôpital St. ,Jean-de- 
Dieu, Gamelin, Que; Public Health, Mi'!s Christine 
, \ï!"torian Ordf'r of Nurses, 1246 Bi"hnp 

:\lolltrcal; Bmlrd of E....al1l1ners, .\li",,, Ulga \. LIlly 
< Com'ener) , Royal \'ietoria :\lontreal .:\Iaternity HOf- 
pital, :\lif\S :\Iarion Lindehurl!:h, Sehool for Graduatf' 
'\urses, :\leGi!l Uni\'ersity, :\Iontreal; :\1iss Katherine 
\1I1!"N. :\laeLennan, .\le"andra Hospital, :\10ntreal; 
)'lellt'. Edna Lynch, 4642 rue ::::t. Denis St., :\Iontreal; 
:\11'111'. Laura 
eneeal, núpital 
otre Dame, :\Il>ntreal; 
.\Ielle. ,\. :\larr.he!'sault, a256 avenue Laeombe, :\Iont- 
real; EXt'I'uti \'e :'el"retary, ReJ!"istrar aud Offieial 
\ïsitor, :\Iif'f' r.. Franees rpton, Room 
21. 1396 :'t 
Catherine :'t. \\'" :\lontreaI. 


Saskatche\\an Registered Nurses \ssociation 
(Incorporated \1 arch. 1917) 
I'relÚdent, :\Ii8!'> Edith .-\ma", ('ity Ho"'pital, 
toon; First \ïee-President, :\1:"8 Huhy :\1. 
Department of Publil' Health, Hegina; tieeond \ïct'- 
President, :\lis!'> Helen B. :-:mitl.. General Hl;spital, 
Hegina; C'olIIwillors, :\Iiss .Jean \leDonald, 1122 Rae 
St., Regina, :\Iiss Elizabeth Smith, X..rmaI School, 
:\Ioose Jaw; COllIlP1IerS of Standing Committee8: Nursino 
Education, :\liE's Gertrude 1\1. Watson, City Hospital, 
f>allkatoon; Pub/ir Health, :\h's. E. 1\1. Feeney, Depart- 
ment of Publie Health, Reg-ina; Private Du('I, :\Iis!! 1\1. 
H. Chisholm, 805-7th .\ve. N., Sasl..atoon; Legislatioll. 
:\Iiss R. :\1. 
impBon, Regina; :-:e!"retary-Treasurer aud 
HelZistrar, :\Iil'f' :\Ianwret TIo!'!'. -II) -\n,lZlIf\ Crpf\cpnt, 

Associations of Graduate Nurses 


ary Association of Graduate 
Hon. Prel'ident, Dr. H. .-\. Gibson; President, l\1i"R 
1'. Gilbert; First Vice-President. Miss K. Lynn; Second 
\'ice-President, Miss F. Shaw; Recordin
 and Acting 
('orrespondin!!: Secretary, Mrs. F. V. I(ennpd
', 1307 
First Ht. \\.; Treasurer, :\Iiss :\1. \\' att. 
Edmonton .\ssociation of Graduate Xurses 
President, :\liBS Ida Johnson; First \ï!"e-Pre!'>ident, 
:\liss P. Chapman; Second Vice-President, :\Iiss E. 
Fenwick; Hecording Secretary, 'Iiss \'iolet Chapmall, 
Hoyal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton; Press and 
Corresponding Secretary, Miss ('low. 111
8 Whyte 
,\ve., Edmonton; Treasurer, Miss :\1. Staley. m,
108th St., Edmonton; Registrar, :\Ii
'! Sproule, llI:
\\'hyte .\ve., Edmonton. 

edicine Hat Graduate l\urses .\ssociation 
President, l\liss :\1. Hagerman; First \ïce-President, 
:\liss Gilchril't; Second Vice-President, :\Iiss J. Jor
son' Secretary, Miss :\Iay Heid, 
url'es' Home; 
surer, !\Iiss F. Ireland, 1st St., Medicine Hat: 
('ommittee COIlrl'lIers: New :\Iembership, 1\lrs. C. 
Wright; Flower, Mrs, M. Tobin; PrÙ'ate Duty 8pclÙ;Jn, 
Mrs. Chas. Pickering; Correspondent, The Ca1/adzan 
.vurse, :\lif\s F. Smith. Rel!:ular meetinj!; firf\t Tllf':-d!l
in month. 


elson Graduate Xurses Association 
!Ion. President, :\Iiss Y. B. Eidt, Aetin!!: SlIperillten- 
dent, Kootenay Lake General Hospital; President 
:\liss K. Gordon; First Vice-President, 
Iiss :\1. :\Iad- 
den; Second Vice-President, l\liss S. Archibald; ::::eere- 
tary-Trpaf\lIrer, l\liss Edna Fraf'er, Bo" 1105, Nelf'on, 

Vancouver Graduate 
urses Association 
President, :\Irs. \\' estrnan, 800 ('assail' St., \" ancouvcr; 
Firf't \'iee-Pref'ident, ì\li
s ,Jane .Johnstone, Ste\'e!'ton, 
B.C.; f>e!"ond \ïee-President, :\Iiss E. Berry, St. Paul'!" 
eeretary, :\liss F. \\'alker, Vancouver Gen- 
eral Hospital; Treasurer, :\Iiss L. Archibald, 536 Wel't 
12th Ave.; Couneil, :\Iis"ef' K. Sanderson, Kilburn, G. 
:\1. Fairley, \\ï"'mer and M. F. Gray. Financp, :\Iil'f 
Teulon, 138.') Wel't 11th Ave.; Directory, Mi"I' K 
:\Iotherwell, 1047 West 10th .\\'e.; :-;ocial, 
Iisl' A. ,J. 
:\lar'Leod, Vaneou\',..r General HOI'Ipital; Pro
:\1 j"" H. DonaldRon, :,t. Panl'!' HOf\pital; :'i(." \ï!'itinj!", 

:\liR!' ('. Cookf'r, \' aneouver General IloE'pi tIt!; ?\Ielll- 
bership, illrs. Blankenbaeh, 18lti W eflt 36th .\ \"C,; 
Lo!"al Couneil of Womp!}, :\lisf\PS Duffield and Gray; 
Prp!'R, .\Ir!'. E. Simml', Yan!"oll\'er Gplleral Hospital 

Victoria Graduate 'urses .\ssociation 
Hon. Presidellts, :\Iisf' L. :\Iitchell, :'il'ter :'uperillr 
LudoviC'; President, 
\1iss E. .J. Herbert; First \'ice- 
President, :\Iis!' D. Frampton; 
eeond \ïee-Preøident. 
:\Ii:-s C. :\I!" Kf'nzie; Secretary, :\Iiss I. HeIl-"ef'ell; 
Treasurer, :\Iiss W. Cooke; Re
istrar, l\liss E. Franh, 
1035 Fairfield Road, \ïctoria; ExecutÏ\'e Committee, 
.\liE'I' E. B. Strachan, :\liSR H. Cruikshankf', :\1 il"!' T.'. 
\11.J)nmllrl, \fi!'f\ C. ](enn
', :\Iif\f' E. Cftnlf'rfln. 


Hrandon Craduate Xurses Association 
lIon. President, :\li!'R E. Birtle,,; Hon. \ïce-Pn:sidellt, 
:\Irs. W. :-:hil:inJ!law; Pre!'>ident, :\Iif\f\ E. G. :\Ie
First \ïce-Pre!'idt'nt, .\Iisf' .Janet \nderson; Second 
\ïee-President, :\11'1'. Lula Fletchf'r; :-iel'retary, 
.Jessie 'lunl"O, 243 12th ::O:t.; Treasurer, :\lrs. :\1. Lon
('onrcJlPrs of Commilteefl: 
ocial and Proj!"ramme, 1\lrs. 
Eldon Hanllah; :-:iek and \ïf\itin
Irs. Rowe Fisher: 
Welfare, :\Iiss Gertrude Hall; PreRs Hepr'rter, Mis!' 
lorriR(III; Cook Book, :\fr!'. .J. ?\1. Kainl': 
Bel!"if'tmr, :\Ti!'!' C. \1. :\1adporl. 


Graduate Nurses Alumnae, \\'elJand 
lIon. President, 
liss E. Smith, 
\\ elland General Hospital; Hon. \ïce-President, :\lis8 
:\1. Hall, Weiland General H..;;pital; President, Mis!' 
D. ::;aylor; Vice-l'reMident. :\liRR B. 
aunders; Secretary. 
:\Iiss :\1. Rinker, 28 Division ;o;t.; Treasurer. :\Iisf\ B. 
Eller; E"eeutive, Misses :\1. Pf'drlie, \1. Tuftl', B. 
('Iothier !InrI i\lr!'. P. Braf'forrl. 


(;raduate 'urst's Association of the Eastt'rn 
Hon. Pre"ident, :\lis!' Y. Heane; I'reRident, :\list< E. 
Heall; \'ice-President, :\lisR G. Dwaine; ('orrel'ponding 
lis8 F. Wardleworth: He!"ording 
:\Iiss Harvey; Treasurer, :\Iiss :\lar
1Iret Hobin!!; 
Representative to The Canadian Nurse, :\Iiss C. Horn- 
by, Box 324, 
herbrooke. Rpprf'!'f'ntati\'e, PrÙ'nl,. f)./ff/ 
S.,.diml, :\Iisf\ E. :\Iorri!'sptte. 


\lontreal {;raduate 
urses :\ssociation 
Hon. President, :\Iiss L. C. Phillips; President, :\1is" 
('hri",tine Watling, 1230 Bishop St.; First \'ice-Presi- 
Iiss G. Allison; Second \'ice-President, 
Irs. .-\. 
:-;tanley; F:ecretary- Treasurer and :\ïl1;ht Registrar. 
'Iiss Ethel ('!ark, 1230 Bishop St.; Day Registrar, 
:\Iiss Kathleen Bliss: Relief Registrar. 
liss H. 
:-;utherland; Convener Griffintown Club, Miss G. 
Culley. Regular :\'Ieetinl!:, Hecond Tuesday of January, 
fir:o<t Tlle!'rla
' of ,-\pril. Octoher anrl December. 



e Jaw Graduate Nurses Association 
Hun. President, :\Irs. 1\1. Young; President :\list! 
H. Last; First Vice-President, :\'Iiss C. l{ier; Second 
\'ice-Prel!ident, :\In!. W. 
:\Iiss J. :\Ioir, General Hospital, Moose Jaw; Conllener
f!! Committees: Nursif}(J Education, :\lrs. ?\1. Young, 
::-r. :\Iary Raphael, 1\hss E. Jensen; Private Duty, :\li88 
E. Wallace, Miss E. Farquhar, Miss T. Reynolds, Mill8 
J. Casey; Public Health. Registrar, MiBS C. Kier; Pro- 
gramme, :\lissG. Taylor; Sick Visiting, MiBSL. Trench: 
Iiss M. Armstronl!;; Cons.titution and By-La\\s. 
1\hss E. Lamond; RepresentatIVe to The Canadian 
Nurse, Miss ,I. Gall: PreBB Repre"entfttivf', "no. .J 

Alumnae Associations 


.-\. \., 1101) Cross Hospital, Calgar)' 
President, l\Irs. L. de f'atge; ''ice-President, 
.\. Willison; Recording 
ecretary, 1\liss E. Thorn; 
('orresponding Secretary, :\1iss P. N. Gilbert; Trea- 
,.urer, :\Iiss 8. Craig; Honorary l\lembers, Re'-. 
:'t. Jean de I'Eucharistie, .\liss 1\1. Bro\\n. 

A.A., Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton 
Hon. President, Miss F. :\luIlJ'()e; President, :\Ir!". 
::;cott Hamilton; First \'ice-President, :\'Iiss \'. Chap- 
man; ðecond \'ice-President, :\lrs. C. Chinneck; 
Recording Recretary, Miss G. .-\llyn; COIrespondinl!: 
;o;ecretsry, Miss ,\. Oli,'er. Royal .-\le"sndra Hospital. 

A..\. University of \Iberta Hospital, Edmonton 
Hon. Pre!'ident, :\liss E. Fen\\ick; President, :\Iiss 
\1. Reed: First \'ire-President, Mi!'s L. Gourlay; 
:-'e('ond \'i,'e-Presidpnt, :\Iiss n. Fane; Recording Secre- 
tary, :\Iiss A. Revell; Currespondinl!: :-:ecretary, 
D. Dm:bury, University HOE'pital; Treasurer. :\Iiss :\1. 
Rowles, University Hospital; Exe('lIti\'e, :\Ii!'!'e!' .\L 
Gordon, I. RORs, A. Raker. 

\.A., Lamont Public Hospital 
Hon. President. :\li!<s F. E. \\ elsh: President, :\lr8. 
B. I. Love; ''ice-President, 
Iiss O. Scheie: Secretary- 
rreasurer, Mrs. C. Crail!:. :!IJ"amao: Currespondinl!: 
Iiss F. E. Heid, l009-20th Avenue, W.. 
( 'all!:ary; ('om'ener, So('ial ('ommittee. :\1r... H. :-:heftr!'. 


.\..\., St. Paul's Hospital, Vancou
lIuu. President, Hev. Sister t;uperior; Hon. \ iet'- 
President, ::;ister Therese Amable; President. Miss n. 
GeddeR; \'ice-President, Mi..s R. McKernan; Recretary, 
:\Iiss F. Treavor, ASflistant Secretary, :\Iiss V. Dyer: 
freasurer, \liss R. :\Iuir; Executive, !\Ii!'ses M. Me'- 
Donald, E. Berry, I. Clark, V. Pellr!'e, 
. rhri!'tif'. 
H. :\11.Gillivary, K \1..Donald. 

A.A., \"ancouvt'r {;eneral Hospital 
Pre...idt'nt, :\lisB :\1. Lunan; First ''ice-President, 
.\Irs. C'. II. C. Bell; !'econd \'ic-e-President. :\Irs. K. 
liss I. Collier; ('orre"pondinl!: 
:ary, :\Iiss K. Ht'aney, \'ancouver General HOl:'pital; 
('ommittte Conl'eners: Pru
li!'R .-\. rr()ll. 
'lemhpr8hip, Miss V. PeterR: 
i('k Bent'fit, :\Irs. :\Iait- 
land; Hefreshments, :\Iiss J. Hunter; Press, 
lrs. G. E. 
Gilliei\; Tre'lsurer and Bund'!, 
Iiss Geary, 3176 \\'e..t 
:?ncl ,\ \'e.; Repre"entnti\'e, \'.G. X..-\., :\1 iR" Hhoelc-". 

A.A., Jubilee Hospital. \ Ictoria 
Hun. Preeident, 
liBS L. Mitchell; Presideut, :\Iis
.Jean Moore; First Vice-President. :\Irs. Y ork(': Reconil 
Iiss J. Grant; Recretary, :\Irl. .\ 
O Howe St.; Assistant Secretary, :\Iise J. 
:,tewart; Treasurer, \IiBS r Todd; Entertainm('ut COni' 
Ii!lfl T Gow:nrl: Si.." "lllr!'e. \Ii!'!' E. Vf'\\man 

A.A., Children's Hospital. \\Innlpeg 
Hun. President. :\liss :\1. B. ,-\llan; Presidrnt, :\lIs! 
Catherine Day; First Vice-President, Miss Elsie 
Fraser; Secretary, Miss ".. 
I. Barratt, Children's 
Hospital; Treasurer, :\Iiss :\1. D. HUjZ:hes; Rick ''isitin
\Iis!! Edith Jarrett; Entertainment, :\Irs. Oeo. Will'()n. 
\.A., St. Boniface Hospital, St. Boniface 
lion. President, Rev. Sr. Krause; President, :\liss K 
\lcCallum, 181 Enfield Cr.. Norwood; First ''ice- 
President, :\Iiss H. Stephen, 15 Ruth Apts., :\Iaryland 
St., Winnipeg; !'econd Vice-President. :\liss :\1. :\Iadill, 
:'t. Boniface Hospital; Secretary. 1\liss J. Archibald. 
Shriner's Huspital, Winnipeg: TreB8urer, Miss E. 
ðhirley, 14 Kinl!: George Ct., Winnipeg; Social ('om- 
mittee, MisR E. Banks (Convener). 64 ('roBS Ht., 
\\'innipel!:, .\liss J. Williamson, Miss A. Nelson; Sick 
''isiting Committee. Miss T. Grenville (C'onvener), 211 
Hill St.. Norwood; Miss I\:. Ru"an, :\Iiss J. Greij;t: 
Press Representative, :\liss B. Altman, 420 Collel!:(' 
.\ve., "'innipe
; Representatives to Local Council of 
',"omen. :\Iiss B. Altman (Con\,pner), .\Iis" B. Chandler. 
\liRfI .\1. f'pooner. 
\.A., Winnlpell General Hospital 
Hun. President, :\Irs. A. W. :\1 oody , 97 Ash 
President, Miss E. Parker, Suite. 24. Carlyle .-\pts., 580 
Broad\\ay; First Vice-President, :\lrs. C. Y. Comb('!\, 
,')30 Dominiun St.; Second ''ice-President. Miss J. Mc- 
Donald, Deer Lodl!:e Hospital: Third ''ice-President, 
.\Iiss E. Y uBBack. 867 Mal/:nus .-\ ve.; Recurdinll: Secre- 
tary, Miss J. Landy, Winnipell General Hoepital: 
Corresponding Secretary, Mis" :\1. Graham, Winnipt'1[ 
General Hospital; Treasurer, :\Iiss :\1. C. McDonald. 
Central Tuberculosis Clinic; :\fembership, :\Iit<s 1. 
Hamsay. Central Tuberculosis Clinic; Sick \'isitinjZ:. 
'Iiss ,J. MorR'an, 102 Rose St.; Entertainment, :\Irs. C. 
:\lc:\lilIan. Hertford Blvd., Tuxedo; Editor of Journal, 
:\Iisfl R. Monk, 134 Westl!;ate; BusineBB Manap:er. l\Iill8 
E. Timlick, Winnipeg General Hospital; ;o;pec-ial Com- 
mittee. :\Ii!'!' P. Bro" nell. 21.'i Chp"tnllt St. 

.\.A., Saint John General Hospital 
lIun. President, Miss E. .J. 
Iitchell; President, :\1 fl'. 
G. L. Dunlop; First Vice-President, Mi"'fI F. I.. Hen- 
derson; Second Vice-President. :\lrs. F. 1\1. 
:-:ecretary, Mrs. J. E. Beyea, 121 Union ðt., 
aint John, 
:'\J.B.; Treasurer, MiBB hate Holt: .-\dditional member,,_ 
.\lre. J. H. Vaughan. \lrs. H H. \lcLellan, \Irto. \ 
G. ('linch. 
A.A., L. P. Hsher Mt'nlorlal HO!lpllal. \\oodtltoc:k 
Hon. I'rcsidpnt, Miss Eltoie Tulloch: Preeident, 1\11'I!. 
lIarry Dunbar; \'ice-Prt'l'idpnt, :\liBS Gladys Hay\\ard: 
:'ecretary- Treal\\1rer. :\IiM Pauline Palmt'r: Board of 
Directurs: ^fiS8 G. Tams, \lrs. n. :->utton, :\trs. Fulton, 
:\liBS :\1. 
amphier, MiBS N. Venel!l!: Com mitt e Con- 
"eJlers: Program mil. Mrs. P. Cald"ell. :\Ii.. E. Kerr. 
'liBS E. Dunbar, :\liN B. Bellil; 
i,'k \'iliitinR'. 'Ii. If. 
CumminR'lI, :\oliN D., \Ii"" \lpr-ere,,". 
Frlitor, 'filii! \1. 



A.A., Belleville General Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss Florence Ml'lndoo; President, 
:\lisB Reta Fitzgerald; \lce-Pre8ident, Mrs. J. Andrews; 
:-:ecretary, :\Iiss L 
mith; Treasurer, Miss :\Iarion 
MacFarlane; Flower Committee, :\IisB Betty :\IeEwan; 
Representati'"e to The Cal/adt'an NrlrM', :\lilO" H. 

A.A., Brantford General Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss E. :\1. McKee; President, :\Ii
K. Charnley; Vice-President, Miss G. Turnbull; 
:-:ecretary, :\-liss F. J. Batty, 52 Charlotte :-'t., Brant- 
ford; Assistant-Secretary, Miss V. Buckwell; Treasurer, 
:\Iiss L. R. Gillespie, General Hospital; Social Convener, 
:\In. F. Doherty; Flower Committee, Mrs. Phillips, 
:\1iss W. Laird, Miss M. M. Nichol; Gift Committee, 
:\1iss J. Edmondson, Mrs. E. Claridge; The Canadian 
.Vurs8 and PreB8 Representative, Miss H. Diamond; 
Chairman. Private Duty Council, Miss P. Cole; 
Representative to I,ocal Council of Women, l\lifls R. 

A.A., Brockville General Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss A. L. Shannette; President. 
:\Irs. H. B. White; First Vice-President, Miss 1\1. 
Arnold; Second Vice-President, :\Iiss J. Nicholson; 
Third Vice-President, Mrs. W. B. Reynolds; Secretary, 
:\liss B. Beatrice Hamilton, Brockville General Hos- 
pital; Treasurer, Mrs. H. F. Vandusen, 65 Church 
Representative to Thc ('anadt'an NlIrs(', :\fiss Y. 

A.A., Public General Hospital 
lion. President, Miss P. Campbell; President, :\liss 
13. Pardo; Vice-President. :\Iiss K. Crack!p; Second 
Vice-President, :Miss F. Houston; Recordin
Miss E. Craig; Correspondin
 :-;pcretary, :\li8S R. Will- 
more; Asst. Secretary, :\liss :\1. Stacey; Treasurer, 
:\Iiss B. Haley; Press Corre8pondent, :\Ii8s R. Baker; 
('ommittt'e Convener,
: Refreshment, l\Iiss :\1. '\Ïckett; 
Buyinl!, !\'lis8es ,J. Finney, :\1. :\lcNau!!hton and :\11'10. 
H. F. :\Iitchell; Floral, :\li8S E. 01'1'; Social, :\1rs. T. 
Burke; Councillors, Misses Y. Dyer, L. Baird, A. Head, 
E. Liberty; RepreBentative to The Canadian Nllr.
:\Iiss P. Griffeth. 
A.A., St. Joseph's Hospital 
Hon. President, Mother :\Iary; Hon. Vice-President, 
::,ister l\>1. Consolata; President, Miss :\Iary Doyle. 
Vice-President, Miss Marian Kearns; Secretary- 
Treasurer, Miss Letty Pettypiece; Executives, Misses 
Hazel Gray, Jessie Ross. Lena Chauvin, I. Salmon, 
Representative to The Canadian Nurse. :\Iiss Ruth 
Winter; Representative District No. 1, R.N.A.O., 
:\fiss .Jean Lundy. 

A.A., Cornwall General Hospital 
lion. President, Mrs. J. Boldick; President, :\I..;s 
:\lary Fleming; First Vice-Pre8ident, Miss Kathleen 
Burke; Second Vice-President, Miss Bernice McKillop; 
::;ecretary- Treasurer, Miss C. Droppo, Cornwall General 
Hospital; Representative to The Canadian Nllrsp, Misfl 
H. C. Wilson, Cornwall General HOflpital. 

.\.A., Galt Hospital 
Hon. President. :\Iiss A. Cleaver; Prel::!ident, :\lil::!" 
:-.. Mitchell; Secretary, Miss L. MacNair, 91 Victoria 
.\ve.; Assistant Secretary. Mil's T. Rainey; Treasurer, 
Miss A. MacDonald; Flower Convener, :\Iiss Ruther- 
ford; Representative to The Canadian NUr,
e anrl Press 
BepresentatÏ\'e, 'lil'8 M. Vandyke. 
.\.A., Guelph General Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss S. A. Campbell, Supt. Guel{Jh 
General Hospital; President. Miss C. S. Zeil!ler; First 
\"ice-President, :\Iiss D. Lambert; Second Vice-Presi- 
dent. MiB8 M. Darby; Secretary, :\liss N. Kenney; 
freasurer, Miss J. 'Vatson; Committees: Flower, Mis8 
R. Speers. Miss I. Wilson; Social, Mrs. 1\1. Cock well 
(Convener); Programme, Miss E. 1\1. Eby (Convener); 
RepresentatÍ\'e to Th. ranadinn Nurs(, \li!"s 'Iarioll 
\V ood 

A..\., Hamilton General Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss E. C. HaY8ide; President, :\11':-. 
It. Hess; \Ïl'e-President. Mi8s 1\1. Bain; Recordin

ecretaq', 1\Iifls :\1. Matheson; Corresponding SeC'rc- 
tary, :\IISfl l
. Hauert, Hamilton General Hospital; 
Treasurer, :\Il
S J. Jarkson, 326 Main 'V.; Assistant 
Treasurer, :\lIss G. Hodjlson; SpC'retary-Treasurer, 
:\1 utual Benefit Association, :\-lil's O. \V atson, 145 
Emeralcl S.; Committee Conveners: Executive, Miss H. 
.-\itken; Flo\\er, Miss A. Squires; Programme. Miss 
:\1. Gosnell; Registry. Miss N. Thompson; Budl!et, 
:\1rs. 1\1. Barlow; Reprp!"pntatÏ\"e to Tht' ('anru[-an 
1iss A. Rcheifele. 

A.A., St. Joseph's Hospital, Hamilton 
llt,n. President, :\Iother Martina; President, :\liss 
Eva :\Io.ran; Vice-President, Miss F. Nicholson; Secre- 
y, 1\hs
 Mabel :\IacIntosh, 168 Ray St.; Treasurer, 
ss 1\1. Kell:y; REpresentative to The Canadian Nurse, 
:\hss B. 1\11' I'l..enna, 277 Herkimer St.; Repreflpntativp 
R.N.A.O., :\lisA ,J. :\Iorin. 

.\.A., Hotel Dieu, Kin
Hon. President, Rev. Sister Donovan; President, 
:\11'8. '\. G. Elder; \ÏC'e-President, Mrs. A. Hearn' 
Iiss Olive :\IcDermott; Treasurer, Mis
nevieve Pel()\\; Executive, :\Irs. L. Cochrane, 
:\hsAes K. McGarry, 1\.1. Cadden, J. O'Keefe; Visiting 
Committep, Misses N. Speagle, L. Sullivan, L. La 
Rocque; Entertainment Committee. :\In.. R. \\. 
('larke, :\Iifll'es N. Hil'key, H. Watson. 
A.A., Kin
ston General Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss Lousie D. Acton; President, 
:\Iiss Ann Baillie; First Vice-President, Miss Carrie 
:\lilton; Second '
ice-President, Miss Olivia M. Wilson, 
Third Vice-President, Miss A. Walsh; Secretary. MisA 
.-\nna Davis, 464 Frontenac St.; Treasurer. Mrs. C. ,,,. 
:\IaUory, 203 Albert St.; Comener: Flower Committee. 
:\Irs. Sidney Smith, 151 Alfred St.; Press Representa- 
tive, Miss Mary Wheeler, I(ingston General Hospital; 
Private Duty Section. :\1iss ConstanC'e fo:andwith, 2
\lfred Rtreet. 

\..\., ....itchener and Waterloo General Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss K. W. Scott; President, Mrs 
oll; First Vice-President, Mrs. W. Ziegler; 
Second Vice-President, :\li8s Elsie Trouse; Secretary, 
:\Iiss \\Ïnnifred Ne!son, Apt. D., 58 Albert St. N.; 
-\I'sistant-Secretary, :\liF:- .Jean Sinclair; Treasurer, 
\lisfI :\1. 01'1'. 

A.A., Ross Memorial Hospital 
lIon. President, .:\liss E. S. Reid; President, Miss L 
.J. Harding; First \ ice-President, Mrs. O. Walling: 
:-:econd Vice-President, Mrs. M. I. Thurston; Corres- 
ecretary, :\1rs. .J. S. Morrison, 46 ColbornI' 
St. W.; Trea8urer, Mrs. G. R. Allen; Flower Convener, 
:\Iiss D. :\1. Smith; Rocial Convenpr, Miss K. R. 
\ I ortimore. 

.\..\., Ontario Hospital 
Ilon. President, :\Iiss :\Iary L. .Jacobs; President, 
:\Iiss N. :\1. Williams, 35 Edward Rt.; First Vice-Presi- 
rlent, :\Irs. V. :\1. Reilly; Semnd Vice-President, :\lifllO 
F. H. Ball; Secretary, \Irs. E. D. Grosvenrr, 52 Doulton 
,-\ "1'.; Treasurer, :\Iiss E. I\:ennedy, Ontario Hospital; 
Social Committee, :\IiAses 1. LindlOay, r.. Kelly; PreFIO 
HeprPFPntati,'e. :\Ii!"!" F. :Aurls. 

A.A., St. Joseph's Hospital 
lIon. Presidcnt, "other :\1. Patricia; lion. \ ice- 
President, Sistpr :\1. Ruth; President, :\Iiss Olin- 
eil; First \Ïce-Pre<iident, :\Iiss l\Iadalene Baker; 
:-'eeond \Ice-President, l\Iiss Erla lleger; Recording 
Secre.ary, 1\.'Iiss Gladys :\lartin; ('orrpsponding Secre- 
tary, Miss Irene Griffen; Treasurer. :\Iiss Gladys Gray; 
Press Representative, Miss Stella Gigna('; Hepresenta- 
tives to Rc
istry, I}
arrl, ''Ii!"!"p,,, Bhp3 TImmtt, Cpc;11' 

13ttery, Ohvp () :\1'11. 

t )FFI( ïAL IHRH 'T()R Y 

A..\., Victoria HONpital 
110n. Pre8ident, :\li!'B Hilda 
tuart; Holl. \"iee-Pre,..i- 
Ir!'. A. E. "ilverwood; Prpsident, :\Iiss M. :\1. 
Jones, 25ï Ridout :'t. :-:.; First Vice-President :\liss H. 
uston; Seco
d \ïce-P!,eBident, :\tiB8:\1. :\I<-Í.aughlin; 
I reaBur
r, :\lIl;1s T? :\ tkmson, 1 ï 4 Lanl!:arth 
tary, 'lis!' F. QUll!:ley; Corre!'ponding tìerretary. :\lir;>s 
mith. \ïetoria Hospital; Board of Dirertors, :\Iisses 
(". Gillies. A. 
talloch, .J. Mortimer, :\1. Y ulp. C 
:-:kmner. 'Ir". r. RO!<e. 

"0;1 \G.-\RA F:\LLS 
.\..\., :-"ia
ara Falls General Hospital 
Hon. President, :\liss :\1. S. Park; President, :\1 ib5 
G. Thorpe; First \ïce-President, :\liss H. 

econd \ïce-President. 
Iiss K. Prest; 
eaBurer. :\liss I. Hammond, 6:H Ryerson Crescent. 

Iagara Fa!!s; Corresponding 
e("retary, :\Iiss F. 
Loftus; Auditors. :\Irs. :\1. :::ilaarpe, :\Iiss F. Loftus; 
:-:ick Committee, :\Iiss \'. Coutts, 'Iiss ,-\. Pirie and 
'Irs. ,J. Teal. 

.\..\., Lord Duffedn Hospital 
11011. President, :\Irs. O. Fleming; President, :\Ii!;s 
r.. :\1. 
proule; First \ïce-President, :\Iiss V. Lee' 
:-,econd \ïce-President, :\Iiss I. .-\llen; Correøpondin
retary, :\Iiss :\1. Bridgeman; Recording Secretary, 
'lis!' F. :\1. Ha)'\\ard; TreaBurer, \liss -\. Burke. 

\.A., Orillia Soldiers' Memorial Hospital 
Hon. PreBident, Miss E. Johnston; President. :\Iis:' 
1. Went; First Vice-President. Miss L. Whitton' 
:-,econd \ïee-Preøident, :\Iiss :\1. Harvie; ::;eeretary: 
freasurer, Miss Alice 1\1. Smith, 112 Peter ::;t. X. 
HeJl:ular :\leetinj!;-First Thursday of earh month. 

OSII..\ W:\ 
.\..\., Oshawa General Hospital 
Ilon. President, :\Iiss E. :\lacWilliams' President 
:\Iiss JeB8ie McIntosh, 3!1 f'imcoe St. :'Il.; Vic
:\liss Jean Thompson; Secretary, :\Iiss Jessie :\11'- 
Kinnon, I:H Alice St.; .-\ssistant Secretary, :\Iiss Irene 
Goodman, 512 Simcoe:-;t. N.; Corresponding Secretarv, 
'Iiss Jean Stewart, 134 Alice ::;t.; Treasurer, :\Irt
. ,t. 
Luke, :\Iaili!'on -\pts.. Rimeop Rt. :-'. 

.-\. \., Lady Stanley Institute (Incorporated 19tH) 
lion. President, :\Iiss :\1. :\. Catton, Carleton Place: 
President, :\Iiss J. myth, Civic Hospital; Vice-Prpsident 
:\Iiss :\1. :\Ic
iece, Perlpy Home; Seeretary, :\Ir". 
H. L. :\Iorton, 29 Clegg :::it.; Treasurer, l\-liss :\1. C'. 
:-,linn, 204 
tanley .-\ ve.: Board of Directors, \1 iI's E. 
:\lcColI. :\liss :::i. :\lcQuade, :\1iss L. Bedford. :\Irl;l. 
E. C. Ehnitt; Representative to The Canadian .vurse, 
\hss ,-\. Ebbs. 80 Hamilton Ave.; Representative to 
C 'entral Registry, :\li8S H. Pridmore, flO Thiril -\\'1'.: 
Pres!' "Hf'presentative, l\Iir;>s E. -\111'11. 
A.A., Ottawa Civic Hospital 
lI..n. President, :\1 iI's Gertrude Bennett; Pre:;idt'llt. 
\Iiss Fclna Osborne; First Vice-President. :\Iiss Dorothy 
ecund \'ice-Presidellt, :\liBS Lera BaITY; He- 
....rding Recretary, :\Ii!\s :\IBrtha Mcintosh; rorres- 
 :-,ecretary, :\Iiss :\1. D(mney; Treasurer, Mis'! 
\\ïnifred Gemmell; Councillors, :\Iiss K. Clarke, :\Iiss 
\\" ebb, :\Iiss G. Froats, \lis!' H. Eddy, :\li!\fI E. Lyons; 
Hepresentatives to Central HegiRtry, :\Iiss Inda hemp, 
:\Iiss K. Clarke; Press ('orrespondent, \Iiss Evelyn 
Pepper; Convener Flower Committee. :\Iis" \1. :\lIlc- 
.\.A., Otta\\a General Hospital 
11011. President, He\. 
r. Flavie Donutille; Prel<idellt, 
:\Iiss K. Bayley; First \ ire-Pre'liilent, Miss G. Clark. 

econd Vice-President, :\Iiss :\1. :\Iunroe; :-,ecretary- 
rreasurer, :\Iil's D. Kno"; :\Iembprship 
:\lil's 1\1. Daley; RepreRentati\'es to Local Council of 
\\" omen. :\Irs. J. ,-\. latimer, :\Irs. E. \'iau. :\Irs. L. 
Dunne, :\1i8s F. 
evins; Representative8 to Central 
istry, :\liss:\1. O'Harp. :\liRS.-\. Stackpole; Hepre"f'Il- 
tativf' to Thl" rnnnrlinn .Vllr.." 'Ii.." l\:ittv Ryan. 


\..\.. St. Lukc's HObpital 
Holl. Prel'iden_
, :\liss r.. :\la"\. well: President. :\11,;., 

1. :\lae.Laren; \ Ice-President, :\lis!' :\1. Lunan; f'f'('re- 
tary, :\l1ss :\1. :'Ilelson, 44 First Ave.; TreaBurer, :\li8B 
I. ,-\lla.
, 1188 
e -\\'e.; Central Rpgistry, :\liB8es 
'I: \\Ilson, S. CarmIChael; 
ominating Committee 
sses S. Clark, 
. Carmichael., E. Y oun
; Representa: 
.1\ e t
 The ranadwn Nurse. '11!!s :\1. Drummond. CÏ\-i(' 
0\\ El\ SOl":\ i> 
.\.A., O\\cn 
ound General and :\larine Hospital 
Hon.. Presi
ent, :\I
ss B. Hall; Pre!!ident, :\Iiss F. 

p; Flr
t \ ,ce-P!,e'!,dent. :\Iiss :\1. Paton; 
\ Ice-Pre'lldent. :\1I8S J. -\gnew; Secretary, :\Ii..s "\. 
)bertson.. 4T3-12t
 -':t. W.; Treasurer, :\Iir;>s .\. 
\\ eedon; PII
,llIst, :\11!!fI R. Dunoon; Flo\\er Committee. 
:\.Irs: :\lc:\11l1an; Programme Committee. :\Iiss :\1. 
( rUickshank; f'iek Committee, :\Iiss :\1. 
ill1; PreBII 
tive, :\Iiss H. Walden; I
efreshment Com- 
nuttee. :\h!'!! C. Penner; .-\uditor, :\Irl'. J(.hn!!ton. 

.\.A.. :"IIicholls Hospital 
lIon. P!,eside
}t, :\Irs. E. 1\1. Leeson; Preí:!ident. :\Ii".s 
. Dobb,
; FIrst \'ice-President, :\Iiss H. Russell; 
 L. Simpson; Secretary, 

. Battersby, 406 SherIdan St.; Treasurer, Miøø 
:--'.\\ ood, 2.12 Barnardo Ave.; Corresponding Secretary, 


ar. :?'j'::J Park St.; Sorial ('onn'npr, :\fiss 

S:\R:'I.I \ 
A..\.. Sarnia General Hospital 
Holl. Preøiilent, :\Ii!'s :\1. Lee; PreRident :\Iiss L. 

ist: \'i<<:e-President, 
Iiss .-\. Cation; Secretary, 

hss .-\. tì
lverthorn; Treasurer, Miss .-\. Wilson; 
HepresentatJve to The Canadian Nurse. :\liss C. Med- 
,'roft; Flo\\er Committee (Convener), :\Iiss D. Sha\\; 
ProR'ramme and :O;ocial rommittPf>, :\tisll J.. Se,v:ri"t 

\. \., 
tratford General Hospital 
HOIl. Prer;>ident, :\liBB .-\. 
1. :\1 unn; Presidt'nt, :\liB8 
I. .-\tt"ood; \'ice-President, :\Iir;>s :\1. :\lcMaster; 
:O:ecretary- Treasurer, Mrs. J\:. Snider, 36 Douglas St.' 
:-'ocial Convener, :\Iil;ls .\. HOf'k; Flo" er COll\'pnpr' 
'I il'l' r. :-ìtaple". ' 

.\. \., \lack Trainin
lion. President, :\lil'!I ,.\nne 'Wrill:ht, General Hospi- 
tal; President, :\liRS Nora Nold, General Hospital; 
First \ïce-President, :\Iir;>s !\Iar
aret 1\frClunie, 39 
Chaplin Ave.; Second \ ice-Prellident, :\1iB8 Evel) n 
Horton, Louth Rt.; Recretary- Treasurer, :\Iil's J. Hastie, 
General Hospital; 
ocial Committee. 
liBB Aileen 
Johnston, General Hospital, :\Iiss Donalda Veale, 35 
t., :\Iifls Bernice Rule. UIì Weiland .-\"'e.; 
Reprpsentative to The Canadian Nurse, :\1iss Feather- 
stone. 17 Hainer 
t.; Correspondent. :\liss Current; 
Prol[r!\IIIJ1Ie Committee, :\Iiss Brubaker, I Fitz

\.A., M('morlal Huspital 
I\..n. Prf'..ident. :\Iit\l! Lucille -\rmstron
. :\Ielilorisl 
Hospital; Hon. Vice-President, :\lill8 Mary Buchanall- 
:\1f'lllorial Hospital; Prel'ident, :\Iit\l! :\Iar
aret BenJa, 
fif'ld, :19 WelIillJl:ton :-:t.; Fir8t \ïee-Prpllidpnt, :\Iill" 
Irenf' Garrow; 
e('onrl \ïce-President. :\lillB Bell., 
:\Iitl'hner; Recordin
 :-:el'retary, :\Ir!!. John :-:malp. 
-I Erie f::t.; Corre"ponding Se('\'f'tary, :\Ii!<l' Floren('p 
\ ork. 52 hains St.; rreasurer, :\liBB Irf>nc Blewett. 
'\x Kains 
t.; Representative to The Canadian Nurst', 
'Iiss Irene Garro\\>, 2:1 
I)rtle St.; Executive, J\liBllf>q 
Hazel Har;>ti, nl!:" Lissa ('ranI', 'Iar) 01..p. \lr!!. -\IIPIl 
Burrpll. '1\'8. Fh'in \\ illllon 
.\. -\.. (;race Hospital 
lioll. Prt'"idt'nt. :\Ir!!. ('. ,I. C urrit'; l'rf>t<u]ent. :\Ir... 
\\ . .1. Cryderman; Rerordi nl!: 
erretary, :\1 il!l! Doris I 
Kent: Correr;>pondinl[ Z::;el'retary, l\I iBII Lillian E. \\ 0011. 
:!u :\Iason llhd., Torollto 1
: 1'rNIt<urpr \Ii"" ,. \I 
f'lIiIlU. 19-1 C . lit! inR'hlllll :-'t 



A.A., The Grant .\-lacUonald Trainin
for Nurses 
Hon. President, Miss Esther 1\1. Cook, 1=30 Dunn 
-\ ve.; President, Miss Ida Weekes, vm Dunn A ve.; 
Vice-President, Mrs. :\Iarion Smith; Recording Secre- 
tary, Miss Norma l\lcLeod; ('orresponding Secretary, 
.Miss Ethel Watson; Treasurer, :\Iiss Phyllis Lawrpnrp; 

orial ('onvener, .\-liss Kathlppn ('uffp. 

.\.A., Hospital for Sick Children 
Hon. President, l\lrs. Goodson; Hon. Vice-Presi- 
dents, Miss Florence J. Potts, Miss Kathleen Panton; 
President, Mrs. A. L. Langford; First Vice-President, 
Miss Florence Booth; Second \Ïce-Prpsident, :\Irs. \V. 
F. Raymond; Recording ðecretary, Mrs. Clarence 
Cassan; Corresponding Secretary, Miss L. Loraine 
YIorrison, 54 Sheldrake Blvd.; Treasurer, Miss Marie 
Grafton, 534 Palmerston Blvd.; Social Convener, 
Mrs. Cecil Tom; Flower Convener, Miss Alice Boxall; 
Programme Committee. Miss Jean Masten; Publicity 
Committee, Miss Margaret Collins; \Yelfare COIII- 
mittee, Mrs. Dall Smith; Representa tive to Rpp:i8tr), 
.\-fiss Florence Currie. 

A.A., Riverdale Hospital 
President, Miss Alma Armstrong, Riverdale Hos- 
pital; First Vice-President, Miss Gertrude Gastrell, 

""iverdale HOI!pital; Second Viee-President, Mrs. F. 
Lane, 221 Riverdale Ave.; Secretary, Miss Lexie 
Staples, 491 ßroadview Ave.; Treasurer, Mrs. H. 
Dunbar; Board of Directors, Miss K. :\Iathieson, 
H.iverdale Hospital, Miss S. Stretton, 7 Edl!:ewood 
-\ve., Miss E. Baxter, Riverdale Hospital, Mrs. E. 
Quirk, 1{iverdale Hospital, Miss L. Wilson, 11 Sher- 
wood Ave.; Presø and Publications, :\Iiss Laure! 
Wilson, 11 Sherwood A ve.; Toronto. 

:\.A., St. John's Hospital 
lIon. President, Sister Beatrire, St. John's Convent; 
President, Miss Susan Morgan, 322 St. Geor!!:e ::It.; 
First Vice-President, Miss Nan Hetherinl!:ton, :'Ilurses' 
Residence, Toronto General Hospital; 
econd \Ïce- 
President, Miss Kathleen Rurtchall, 28 .\-Iajor St.; 
Recording Secretary, :Miss Helen Frost. 450 l\laybank 
Ave.; Corresponding Secretary, .\-!iss .\-Iargaret Creigh- 
ton, 152 Boon A ve.; Treasurer, Miss \\ innifred Webb, 
77 Summf'rhill Ave.; Com;e1>ers: Entertainment Com- 
mittee, Miss Nettie Davis, 32 Albany Ave.; Rick and 
Visiting Committee, l\liss Gladys Batten, 32 -\lbany 
Ave.; Press Reprpsentative. Mif\s Graee Dohprt:v, :?ß 

orwood Road. 
A.A., St. Joseph's Hospital 
Hon. President, Rev. Sister Mary Margaret; Presi- 
dent, .\-lïsB M. Kelly; First Vice-President, .\-liss O. 
Kidd; Second Vice-Presidf'nt, l\liss l\1. Daly; Record- 
ing Secretary, :\Iiss .\-1. Goodfriend; Corresponding 
Recretary, l\lis'! V. Hanley; Treasurer, .\-liss F. Robin- 
son; Councillors. .\-lif\f\f'f\ -\. Timlin, L. Dunhftr. r. 
Power, R. :\Ic('uf'. 

A.A., St. .\-1ichael's Hospital 
HOll. President, Rev. Sister Norine; Hon. \ïce- 
President, Rev. Sister Jean; President. Miss Ethel 
Crocker; First Vice-President, Mrs. Aitkin; Second 
Vice-President, .\-liBB .\-lary Edwards; Third Vice- 
President, .\-liss Helen Dunniu:an; Correspondinjl; 
Secretary, Miss M. Doherty; Recordinl!: Secretary, 
Miss Marie Melody; Treasurer, Miss G. Coulter, 42 
Isabella St., Apt. 204, Toronto; Press Representative, 
.\-liss May Greene; Councillors, Misses J. O'Connor, 
M. Madden, H. Kerr; Private Duly: Miss A. Gaudet; 
Public Health. Miss I. McGurk; Representative Cen- 
tral Registry of Nurses, Toronto, .\-fiss :\1. .\-Ielody. 

A.A., Toronto General Hospital 
Hon. Vice-President, Miss Jean Gunn; President. 
.\-liss N. Fidler, Ontario Hospital, Whitby; FirE't 
Vice-President. Miss J. Anderson; Second Yi(,f'- 
President, Miss E. Mannin!!:; Secretary, Mrs. -\. W. 
Farmer, 89 Rreadalbane St.; Treasurer, Miss E. 
Robson, T.G.H. Residence; Assistant Treasurer, Miss 
Forgie; Archivist, .\-liss Kniseley; Councillors, l\liss ,J. 
Wilson, Miss Dix, l\liss Cryderman; Commit'ee Con- 
l'eners: Flower, MiBB M. McKay; Prol!Tamme, Miss 
E. Stuart; Press, MiBB M. Stewart, Ki. 5155; Insurancp, 
Miss M. Dix; Nominations, Miss C. Soudwith; Social. 
Miss J. 
litchell; Elizahpth Fipld 
mit"; ,rplll()ril1l 
Fund, Miss Hannant 

\..\., Toronto Orthopedic and East General 
Hospital Trainin
 School for Nurses 
Hon. President, :\1iss E. McLean, Toronto East 
General Hospital; President, Mrs. E. Phili
s, 155 
DonlandB .-\ve.; Vice-President, 
Iiss J. Mc.\-Iaster, 
155 Donlands -\ve.; Secretary-Treasurer. Miss N. ". 
Wilson, 50 Cowan Ave.; Reprl'sentative to Central 
istry, .\-lil"s :\1. Beston, 753 Glencairn Ave.; Misf\ 
13. Madnto'!h, 748 ::Ioudan Ave.; Representative to 
H.:'Il.A.O.. .\-liRS B. \Iadntosh, 741' Soudan Ave. 

.\..\., Toronto Western Hospital 
Hon. President, .\-li!'s n. L. Ellis; President, :\li!'!< 
F.. .\-Iatthews, 74 "estmount Ave.; Vice-PrPRident. 

llss U. Colwell; Recordinjl; Secretary, Miss G. Pattu- 
:"on; Secretary- Treaf'mrer, 1\liss Helen Stewart, Toronto 
\\ estern H
pital; Repre8entati"e to The Canadian 
l', l\li!'!' F. Grf'pnawa

,\.A., Wellesley Hospital 
Hon. President, l\liss Ross; President, .\-liB8 1\1. 
'-I cClinchey; \Ïce- President, l\liss Jessie Gordon; 
ecretary, l\liss .\-Iargaret Anderson, 
Treasurer, l\Iiss I. Archibald, 659 Huron St.; Corrf's- 
pondent to The Canadian Nurse, 1\'liss I. Onslow. 

A.A., Women's Colle
e Hospital 
Hon. Prf'Bident, Mrs. Bo\\man; Hon. 'ïee-President. 
:\liss :\leiklejohn; President, :\Iiss Worth, 93 
Reach Blvd.; Secretary, :\oliss Free, 48 Northumberlanrl 
:'t. TreaRurer; .\-lisl" Fra!'er, 125 Husholme Road. 

\.A., Hospital Instructors and Administrator!';, 
University of Toronto 
Hon. President, :\Iiss E. K. Russell; Hon. \ïce- 
President, Miss G. Hiscocks; President, !\Jiss Gladwyn 
.Jones; First \Ïce-President, MisR l\I. McCamus; 
Second Yice-Prf'sidf'nt, Miss E. Young; Secretary, 
:\Jiss ('. ì\1. Cardwell. Toronto General HOI!pital; 
lif\sl\1. :\lcKay, Toronto General Hospital. 

.\..\., Department of Public Health !\"ursin
University of Toronto 
Hon. Prf'sident, :\Ii"l" E. K. Russell; Pre8ident, :\Iil'
Barbara Blackstoc'k; Vice-President, l\Iiss E. C. Cale; 
Hecordinl!: Secretary, .\-liss I. Park; !,,;ecretary- Treasurer, 
.\-liss C. C. Fraser, 423 Gladstone Ave.; Toronto, Ont.; 
('()ntJeners: Social. .\-liss E. MacLauren; Provrammf', 
\fi!'s :\IeNamara; \Iembf'rl"hip, .\-lisf\ Fdna Clarkf'. 

A..\., Connau
ht Trainin
chool for 1'I.urses 
Toronto Hospital, \\'eston 
Hon. President, .\-li
!< F. .\-IacP. Dickson, Torunto 
Hospital. Weston; '"ice-President, .\-liss .-\nn Bolwell, 
Toronto Hospital. \\'ef\ton; Secretary, ì\liss G. Leem- 
inl!:, Toronto Hm;pital, 'Vf'ston; Treasurer, .\-liE's R. 
.\-lcKay, Toronto Hospital, \\"eston; Convener ot 
Social ('omlllittee, .\-fil"!' .\-1. .Jonl'l", Toronto HOl"pitftl, 
,,- f'''ton. 

\.A., Hotel Dieu, Windsor 
President, :\oliss :\Iary Perrin; First 'ïce-Pre8ident, 
.\-Jiss Marie Odette; Second \Ïce-President, Miss Zoe 
Londeau; Secretary, Miss 1\1. Spenee; Treasurer, 
}l.lary Fener; Programme Committee, Misses H. 
ì\lahoney, -\. Harvey, H. Slattery; Rick Committee, 
.\-lisses R. Farrell, H. Greeny,ay, .\-1. McGl('ry; Social 
('om mittel', Misses J. Londeau, N. \\'ebster, I. Reaume; 
Correspondent to The Canadian Nurse. .\-liss ì\Iary 
Finnf'llan. .\-Ipf'tinjl; I"econrl .\-Ionday eVf'ry month, 

A.A., General Hospital 
First Hon. President, .\-liss Frances :-;harpe; :-,eeuud 
lion. President, Miss Helen PottE'; President, Mis!' 
.\-Iabel Costello; \Ïee-President, .\-liss Anna Cook; 
Recording Secretary, 
Iiss Lila Jackson; Correspond- 
ing Secretary and Press Representative, Miss Doris 
('raig; 510 George St.; Assistant :-;ecretary, 
liss Jean 
Kelly; Treasurer, .\-Iiss :\l
ude Slal!:ht; Conveners .oj 
Committees: Pro!!:ramme. MIss Ella Eby; Flower, MIs" 
E. Wat80n; Soria!. .\-Ir!'. :\J,.Diarmid. .\-Ir!'. P .Johnl"on, 
.\-lis!' Hastin!!::". 


()l 'EHEC 
\. \., Lachine General Hospital 
Hun. President, 
liss :\1. L. Brown; President, 
H.ose Wilson; \ïce-President, :\Ii"" 1\1. :\lcNutt; 
Iiss A. R,!y, 379 
t. Cath.erine 

t., Lachme; ExecutIve CommIttee. :\hss LapIerre, 

lif's Byrns. :\leetinll, first :\Ionday of each month. 

.\..\., Children's :\-Iemorial Hospital 
HUll. President, :\liss A. Kinder; President, 
li!-l" H. 
Paterson; Vice-President., :\Iiss H. Xutall; Secretar
\Iiss J. Cochrane, 1615 Cedar Ave.: Treasurer. :\li!'s 
I.. Destromp; Executive Committee, :\liss E. Hillyard, 
1. Flander; :-,ocial Committee. couvener, :\lis!' 
:\1. Gill, :\liss A. Adlington, .Miss 
1. :\lcCallum and 
\1iss .M. Robinson; Representative to The ('anadialL 
Nurse, Miss Y. Schneider; Sick Nurf'e!' Cunlluittee. :\-li,," 
II. Fash.rbrook. 

:\.A., Homeopathic Hospital 
Hon. President, Mrs. H. Pollock; President, :\lrs. J. 
Warren; First \ïce-President, :\1iss 
1. Bright; 
liss A. Porteous; I:;ecretary, :\Iiss \\ . 
:\Iurphy; A8sistant Secretary. \Iiss l\1. Berry; Treas- 
urer, Miss D. ". 
Iiller; .-\ssistant Treasurer, l\Iiss 

. G. Horner; Private DlLty Section: 
Iiss :\1. Brijlht; 
Representative to The ('alladia11 Nurse, 
Iif's J. \Vhit- 
mure; Projlramme Committee, :\Iiss :\1. Currie 
Hepresentative Montreal Graduate "urf'e!' .-\sf'oria- 
tion, :\-liss A. Porteou!'. 

L' .-\ssociatlon des Gardes-:\I alades Grad uées de 
l'Uôpital :-.Iotre-Dame 
E'l.ecutif: \Iesdemoiselles .-\lice r epiue, PrÉsidente: 
\lice Gelinas, \ïce-Présidente; ,-\line Leduc. 2ième 
\ïce-Pr{sidente; Suzanne Girr.ux, Trpsorière; :\Iargue- 
rite Pauze, 
ecrPtaire; C'unseillères: .\Iesdemuise!les 
Germaine Brisset, Irene Ruuillard. EUl!enif' Trelllhlay, 
Francoise Chevrier, .Juliette Beaulieu. 

.\..\., \Iontreal Genl'ral Hospital 
lIon. Presidents, :\llss J. Webster, :\liss
. redf( rd, 
.\liss F. E. Strumm; Hon. Treasurer, .\Iiss H. Dunlop; 
lIon. :\Iember, :\Iiss ".1. Cra!ll; Prf'!'ident, :\Iisf' E. 
Frar,,'es üpton. :'te. 221, l:mf\ :'t. Catherine "'t. W.; 
First \'i('e-Pre"idpnt, :\Iif'!' :\1. 
Irs. L. II. Fishpr; Hecordinl! 
\Iiss D 
no\\; Corre"pondinll; ....ecretary. 
Irs. E. (' 
:\Ienzies, 66:
5 I Millie Blvd.. \ erdun; Treasurer (_\lum- 
nae Association and .\1 utual Beuefit ('ollll11ittee'. :\Ii!'!' 
I. Da\'if''', :\Iontreal General Huspi tal; Ex('('utive ('0111- 
lIIittee, \Ii!'s :\1. K. H.,lt, .\Iis!' H. 
f'\\t"", :\Iiss I.. 
Ii!'s O. Lilly, 
Ii!'!' H. Herman; Representa- 
tives to Primt,. DII'II S,'ctÙm. 
Ii"s E. Gruer (Convener), 
:\Iiss C. Cole. :\Iif's E. :\larf'hal1: Hppre!'entative to 
The Canadian N'lr"., :\Iif's I. \,"ellinll (('unvenf'r), 

Iolltreal General lIof'vital: Ref)ref'entatives to Lo('al 
<'ounril uf Women, .\Iiss G. Colley. .\Iiss :\1. nos!': 
Sick \ïsitinl?: Committee, 
Iiss F. E. 
li55 B. 
Herman; Prm
ramme Committee, :\Iiss I. Davies. 
:\1. Batson; Refrf'shment Committee. 
Iis<! ß. t:"nder- 
hill (Convener), l\liss C. Coomhf'!', l\lif's (' FitzJ;:f'l"ald. 
:\Iiss D. :\lcRae. 
A.A., Royal Victoria Hospital 
Hon. President, l\liss E. A. Draper; Pre;>ident, .\1,,.... 
:\1. F Hpr!'f')"; Firf't \ï(.p- Prf'sidpnt. :\li"s.T 


 ice-PresIdent, :\Ir". Grieve; Uecording :::;ecre- 
tary, :\llss E. B. Rogers; Secretary-Treaeurer. Miss K. 
.Tamer, Royal Victoria Hospital; Executive Committee, 
. E. Robf'rts. 
Ir<!. G. C. :\Ielhado, MI"1I. Prideau'l., 
.:\l1sses. E. Et
er, E. Reid, .-\. Bulman; Conrener8 of 
Cu.mmtftees: Fmance, :\olisf' B. Campbell; Sick \ïsiting, 
:\l1ss R. Fellm\,,; Programme, :\11"11. K. Hutchison; 
freshmcnts, :\Iiss 
1. Ro\\ley; Private DItty Secti<-n. 
:\11"s R. ('orhrane; Representatives to Local Council 
of Wo
nen, :\Iiss J. Stevenson, Mrs. E. Cooper; Reprf'- 
!'entatl\e to Th,. ('anaditJ11 Vurse, :\liR8 E. ,-\Ilder. 

.\..\., \\onlen's General Hospital, \\esunount 
Hon. Presidents, :\Iis<! F. George, :\liss E. Trench: 
sident, Mrs. L. :\1. Crewe; Fil"1lt \"ice-President, 
.\l1ss E. :\loore; Second \ïce-President, 
liss I\:. .\Iar- 
tin; HerordinJ!; 
eeretary, l\liss H.. 
ixsmith; Corref'- 
pOlldill1l :;ecretary, :\liss N. Bro" n. .-\pt. 5, IIh7 Hope 
.\ve.; Treasurer, 
liss E. L. Frances, 1:?IO Russex Ave.; 
Rick \ïsiting, :\liBS G. \\ ilson, :\Iiss L. Jensen; Primt. 
Irs. T. Robert!'on, :\Iiss H.. Burgher; Represen- 
t.ative to The Ca/ladian Nurse, Miss C. 
Iorro\\; Social 
Committee, :\Irs. Drake, :\Iiss Clark. Rellular month Iv 
meetinjl; pveT)' third \\. edne!'day, R p.m. . 

\. \., School for Graduate ",unes. \h-Gill 
Hon. President. 
liss :\Iary Samuel; lIon. \ïcf'- 
President, Miss Bertha Harmer; 1:1 on. 
lembers, Misl' 

1. F. Hersey, :\Iiss Grace :\01. Fairley, Dr. Helen 
H. Y. Reid, Dr. Maude Abbott, .\Ir!'. H. \\. Reford. 
:\Iiss :\1. L. l\Ioag; President, 
Iadeline Taylor, 
Victorian Order of 
urses, 1246 Bishop St.; \ïce- 
Iarion E. 
ash, \ïctorian Order of 

 urses, 1246 Bishop St.; Secretary-Treasurer, Miss 
.\1. E. Orr, The Shriners' Hospital. Cedar Ave., Mont- 
real; Chairman, Flora Madeline Rhaw, 
Iemorial Fund, 
:\Iiss E. Frances Upton, 1396 
t. Catherine ::-it. W.; 
Programme Convener, 'Iiss F. 
h'Quade, \\'omen's 
General Hospital. ì\lontreal; Heprffientlltives to Local 
Couneil of Wumen, 
Iiss Lijlgett, :\Ii;o" Parry; Repre- 
sentatives to The Canadian N"rRe, .-\dlninistration, 
:\Iiss B. Herman. \\ estern Division, .\Iontreal General 
Hospital; Teachinll, .\lif's E. B. H.ogers, Uoyal \ïctoria 
Ho!'pital; Public Health. Miss E. Chureh, Victorian 
()rrlpr of "nrf'f'f', 1 24/1 Bishop St. 

QumFC crn 
\..-\., JcfJre\' lIale's Ho
11011. President, :\lrf<. BarTO"; President. .\liM D 
.Iaekson; First \ïce-Pre!'ident, 
Ii!'s E. Fitzpatrick; 
:,eeond \ïrp-President, 
I",. ('. Younll; Hecordinll 
:'e('retary, :\1;f's E. :\lrCallum; Corref'ponding :'erre- 
tary, l\li!'!' 
1. Fischer; Treasurer, 
Iiss E. 
l{eprespntative to The CtJrll1ditJ/I Nur. o ,.. :\1ïss !'.;. 
\Iartin; Primt,. Dlltll SatÙm: l\IiSf< G. 
18rtin; :::;icl.. 
\ïsitinll; ('ommittPe, 
Irs. BarrO\\ and :\Irs. Buttimore: 
Hefret'hment COlllmittee, l\lrs. 
Iiss \\'ear
:\Iif<!' Hansf'n, 
lcClintod1; CouncJllol"1l. :\li1ll' 
Imrif', \Ir!'. Craill, :\Irs. Jackson, :\li8B 
n. -\dllm!'. 

\..-\.. Shcrbrooke Hospital 
lIull. l're,..dents, .\Ii!'/! E. France" l'pton. :\.....1 Heier. 
s. Buck; President. 
. S. Luthrop; First Vire- 
President, .\Irs. W. Davey; 
e('()nd \ïre-President, 
:\Iiss V. Beane; 
li1ll' E. :\Iorisf'tte; Treasurer, 
:\Ii!'s Alice LYf<tf'r, 
herbrooke Hospital; Hepref<entlltiw' 
to TI" ('f!I,nrlitJ1J Vllrsr, :\Iiq" .T. "nrdlp\\( rth 

OFF. . . DU1

A U't?e
 vr twv agv wc happened tv he . m a IlUsp
tal curndoj" 
when the mght nurses Luere commg on it gave us a 
queer feeling . . . around the solar plexus .. we have never been able . . . 
to look.. at a hosþital . . , all lighted up at. night . . . without of a ship 
at sea . . . its way . through the dark..ness .. over a track..less 
sea . . . with its human freight el'en sv wise a man as Solomvn . . . 
admitted that there were three thmgs. . that were beyond his understanding 
in case you don't remember these a1e they: . . . the way vf a ser, 
pent on a rock.. . . . the way of a Sl11P un tl-ze sea . . . and the way of a man 
wIth a maid . . . about the first and last . . . we modestly agree with Solomon 
but anyone who has been . a night supervisor .. or even a night 
nurse . . . k..nows a little ., abvut how a sea captain feels . , . when he 
accepts responsibility . . . for the lije of others . . . on night duty .. as 
on board ship . . . disaster comes . . . and with little warning . . . 
also this is the time . l.vhen the members . . . of the crew . 
are inclined to blow uþ .. in fact night dut\, is the acid test in nursing 
. . . we once heard . . . a greot teacher of nursing say . . . that if she had 
her way . . . student nurses would never go on night duty . . . we 
humbly dIsagree ., It'e can remonber . . . nights on Ward D " which 
we would not care. . to lil'e through again. . but we can also remember 
mornings on \\1 ard D u'hen we gave the night report . . . to the 
da)' nurses . . . and felt a grim pnde. . and a sense of accomplishment. . . 
we had come through the mght . . . and all hands were still there . . . even the 
very sICk.. patient . . . in the corne1' bed . . . with the screens around it . . 
if you have ever. . been a night ,mbervisor . . . you have been made free 
of that honorable company . . . who turn night into day . . . bak..ers 
. . street cleaners . . . policemen . . . telephone operators . . . newsraper 
folk.. . . . fiu brigades . . . train and station crews .. electric and water 
power plants . . . women sCHtbbing in offices . . . telegraphers . . . under... 
tak..ers . . . milk.. men . . . newsboys with the mornin
 paper . . . all these 
seem to us . . . a rather useful lot. . some day we would lik..e to ask.. them 
. . . what they are most afraid of . . . the only time . , . we had h)'sterics 
nut loud .. on night duty . . . was when a great big mouse . . . jumped 
right at us . . . when we took.. the lid . . . off the can . . . police' 
men of course would not be afraid of mice . . . but we remember one 
. . , (a, policeman, not a mouse) . . . who would not stay alone . . . with a 
gentleman . . . suffering from alcoholic delusions . . . unless allowed to k..eeþ 
the door open . "so I can see 'you, mtrse" . . . this seems to be . . . the 
hottom of the page . . . so we will stor .. though there is much more 
we could say . about that two o'clock.. in the morning courage which 
comes in hand\' . in the rr{lctice of mtr.'.ing . . . 


VOL. XXX. No. 



 () /"" 

þ -
The sewing 
ircle sage 

can t 


"- ! 
.' \. -; 







to I IT 
"' ,. f 









W HEN the doctor prescribes Evaporated 
Milk for infant feeding, the mother needs h:'s 
advice to guide her choice of brand and 
quality. Lacking this guidance, she may 
make her sekction of milk upon the advice 
of a sewing circle sage. 

You know what standards of quality he 
desires in the Evaporated Milk prescribed. 
But the kind lady in the sewing circle may 
not know what your standards are, and she 
may not r
commend the 
brand he had in mind. 

The physician will find 
that Borden's St. Charles 
Evaporated Milk, produced 
hy The Bordt'n Company, 


p I ace ! 

....... . 


f ,


) ;; 
{ I 

.. .: 

ets his re:tuirements as to quality, purity 
and freshness. Careful selection of ray, 
milk and rigid safeguards throughout 
the process of manufacture guarantee 
the quality of Borden's St. Charles Milk. 

Write for compact, simple infant feffiing 
formulary and scientific literature. Address 
The Borden Company. Limited, Yardley 
House. Toronto. Ontario. 



The Borden 
Company was tho: 
hrst to suhmit 
evaporated milk 
for acceptance by 
the Committee: on 
Foods of the Amui- 
can M\.'tlical As!o:iatlon. Bm 
<Ien's was tho: first cvaporatþl 
mIlk to reedve the s.:al 01 
Arc'l'lI-lnn of th;

...".. F p

Mt OK'" 




C. T..No. 217 I



C. T. Nô' 
Acetophen.. "?. .'331 gr. 
Phenacetin .. .231 gr. 
Caffeine Citrate.. 31 gr. 
DOle: One Of. two 

. . 


&eo. Montreal 

Manitoba Nurses' Central Directory 

Registrar-ANNIE C. STARR; Reg. N. 
Phone 30 620 
753 Wolseley Avenue, Winnipeg, Man. 

The Central Registry Graduate Nurses 
Phone Garfield 0382 
91 Balsam Ave., Hamilton, Onto 

General Health 


.-\ Victoria Nurse says: 
..they are wonderful." 
-They will not collapse 
-Will not pull off, and 
can be put on with one 
hand while holding a 
Large Size 25c, Small10c 
Canadian Agents 
Laurenllan Laboratories 
560 DeCourcelies St. 

Made in Canada 

The Central Registry of 
Graduate Nurses, Toronto 

Furnish Nurses at any hour 
Telephone Kingsdale 2136 
Physicians' and Surgeons' Bldg., 
86 Bloor Stl eet, West, 


Nurses Called Day fJr Night 

Telephone PLateau 7841 
12;5U Bishop St., MONTREAL, P.(.l. 
Club House Phone PL. 3900. 


(I ncorporated 1918) 

.-\11 e."\amination for title and certificate of 
Registered Nurse of British Columbia "ill bp 
held April 18th, 19th, and 20th, 1934. 
Names of Candidates for this Examination 
must be in the office of the Registrar not later 
than ::\Iarch 19th, 1934. 
Full particulars may be obtained from: 

516 Vancouver Block Vancouver, B.C. 

tlncorporated 1920J 
rhe :"lJring examinations for quali!Ì<'atI<JI! us 
.. Registered Xurse" will be held in ::\Iontreal 
and elsewhere on April 23-24-:!5th, 193-1. 
_\pplication forms and all informatiun JIlUY 
be prucured from the Registrar. All applica- 
tions lUust be in the officp of the ..\"!'uciation h" 
:\Iarch :Hst. '\TO APPLICATIO'\T WILL ßF 
HN.ult.. of p"\Rmim\ti.."" "ill he pllhli"Iw.1 "I' 
,,'" """lit .Iunp 5th, 1!I:a. 

E. FR \ ,"CES l .. '-U,". R.
cuthc SecretaQ and Re

RIL 1934 





JUNE 25th to 30th, 1934 

!d and Published 



supporting treatment is essential. 
To renew the impoverished blood stream, to replenish the 
constant mineral depletion, and to overcome the neural 
depression, there is no better tonic than Fellows' Syrup for 
the parturient and post-parturient patient. 
Suggested dose: One teaspoonful t. i.d. in water. 



286 St. Paul Street, West, Montreal, Canada. 

_ ___ 
 _ _...., ____ ---.r' 
 - - 
-= -= = 
 :' ':' == -..::::.
 .. :: = = - 
_ =: = = == == === ::. ': .. ': -- . ::::: æ :-- -= æ = 


 -- ..= == 





' " 

/ ' 

,/1'11 1 

.nai'cotic agent 1 
prescribed by .physiåans throughout '
! I. 
· the world in the treatnent of 



Dr )1,,, 

L \ \ 



Pl.... mention "The Cenadlen N....... whM'I .....,1)'lng to Advert.l...... 

THE rA1\ADIAl\: Nl'Rc;E 





. . . baby calling 
S's is getting dIaled and sore - come a'rulln:ng 
with some soft, soothing John
on's Baby Pow- 
der clnd make her comh' 'fore she 
tarts to en. 
\\Te "old timers" know-it's good no sha;p 
 . . . no /.inc stearate. . . no ()rr
s root. 
I )on't just helie,'e ::\J E send for cl 
to test for 

.-- ..... 






Johnson's Baby Powder 
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\] A I L T II I Iõ) C 0 U P () "\ FOR F REF. S \ \1 P L E S 
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Editor o"d BUJineu Monoger: 
ETHEL JOHNS, Reg. N., Suite 401, 1411 Crescent Street, Montredl, P.Q. 



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THE V AU'I-. 01' INTI:.RCHAN<..;F 

Ann Law 



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N 1:\\'S NOTES 






Subsaiptio" Pricc: $2.00 per year; foreign and United States of America. $2.50; 20 cents a copy. 
Combination, with The Americo" Joumol 0/ NurJing, $5.25. Chequ,-es and money orders should be 
made pa}'able to Th
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cover exchange. 
Ple.lse address all correspondence to: 
I'ditor, rile Co"odit'" N"rJe. 1411 Crescent Street, Montreal, P.Q. 


It 7 


Province of Ontario 


An examination for the 
Registration of X urses in 
the Province of On tario will 
be held on l\lay 28th, 29th 
and 30th. 

Application forms, inforn1d- 
tion regarding subject:.:; of 
examination. and general 
information relating thereto, 
may he had upon written 
application to 

, Reg. N. 
Parliament Buildings, Toronto 

SmartlY %zlored 


! - I 

'1 . , 

) .1 , 
' . .1 \ . 
, .I I 

.J. . I 

B OWMAN'S uniforms 
dre styledfor modern chic. 
Durable and retain their in- 
dividualiti after repeated 
launderings. Far superior 
to standardized uniforms. 

THIS MODEL, No. 74, 
selected from our range of 
styl es. W ri te for oursketches. 


810 Granville SI. VancDuver. B.C. 
Please send free literature and prices. 



\PRII. I'H-t 

C. N 33t 

University of Toronto 


An accredited school under the 
Registration Act of the 
Province of Ontario 

1. Undergraduate Training 
for Nursing. 
A three-year course in nursing 
which gives preparation for staff 
work In both hospital nursing and 
public he'.'llth nursing. This leads 
to the School Diploma and pre- 
pares for provincial registration 

2. Courses for Graduate 
One-year courses which lead to 
certificates from the School 
Students may enrol for study in 
preparation for anyone of the 
Public Health Nursing (a pre- 
liminary course). 
Public Health Nursing (ad- 
vanced work in special fields). 
Teaching in schools of nursing. 
Supervision and general staff 
work in hospital and nursing 

Undergraduates will live in resi- 
dence and a certain amount of 
residence accommodation will also 
be available for gradudte students 
For further information apply to:- 

School of Nursing 
University of T orontc 






The emphasis in this new book has been placed upon the child. The primary purpose has been 10 slale 
the essentials of pediatrics for nurses, rather than the technics of nursing in pediatrics. Many of the 
fealures peculiar to the nursing of childlen are included, but a dh.cussion of such routine procedures of 
general nursing as are taught in other phases of the nursing course is avoided to a considerable extent. 
Octavo 500 p3.ges. Illustrated (Mar. 1934) $1.50. By Philip C. Jeans, .-\.E., M.D., Professor of 
Pediatrics, Statf' LTniversity of Iowa; with two chapters by \\Ïnifred Rand, .\.B.. R.:\T., Specialist in 
Pan-lltal Education, Merrill-Palm{'r School, Detroit. 

Solomon' s- 
The content of this new book is based upon the HI32 Curriculum fOI Schools of 
ursing prepared by 
thf' Committee on Education of the National League of Nursing Education; and on a review of the State 
Board Ql1estiors of the various States, covering both the requirements of the elementary and advanced 
courses. Octavo Illustrated (March, 1934). $3.50. By Charles Solomon, M.D., A
sociate Attending Phy- 
sician and Chief of the M{'dical Clinic, Jewish Hospital. RlOoklyn, 
.\ . 

Greisheimer's - PHYSIOLOGY A:KD ANATOl\IY. 








School for Graduate Nurses 


Director: BERTHA HARMER, R.N., M.A. 


Teaching in Schools of Nursing 
Supervision in Schools of 
.Administration in Schools of 
Public Health Nursing 
Supervision in Public Health 

A certificat. is granteù upon successful cumple- 
tion of an approved programme of studies, 
coverinl!: a period of one a{'ademic year. in any 
of the above courses. 
A diploma is granted upon successful comple- 
tion of a major course, coverinJP: a period of 
two academic years. 
For information allply to: 

\lcGiII {Tnin'rsity, \lontreal 



Children's Memorial Hospital 


A three months course is offered to Graduate 
Nurses which includes systematized theoretical 
instruction and supervised clinical experience 
in the following services: 

General Hygienic Management 
and Nursing of Children. 
Nursing Care and Feeding of 
Nursing Care of Orthopaedic 
Medical Asepsis and Cubicle 

.\ celliticdte will be gr,lIlted upon the suc- 
cessful completion of the course. 
FilII maintenance and an allowance of $10.00 
per month will be provided. 
For further particulars apply to: 
TilE Sl'PERI:\TE1\DEì\"" OF :\URSES 

VOL. XXX, No. 4 


Canad ian 


A Monthly Journal for the Nurses of Canad.I 
Published by the Canadian Nurses Association 





MARY M. ROBERTS, R.N.. Editor. The American Journal of Nursing. 

We, in what Canadians call "the 
States", quite generally believe that w
are in the midst of a true social revol..1- 
tion which has gathered tremendous 
momentum under the popular title of 
"The New Deal." The kindly gentleman 
who guides our destinies from the White 
House is, by many, felt to be as much 
a dictator as Mussolini. or Hitler, or 
Stalin, but he uses his vast powers differ- 
ently. Under his guidance "'leadership 
and initiative in the organization of social 
forces has been taken by the federal 
government and, as in all mass move- 
ments, things precious to individuals and 
to groups tend to lose identity." 
Nursing and the N.R,A. 
What is known as the National Indus- 
trial Recovery Act was but the first of a 
series of strategic moves to bring about 
economic recovery. The theory upon 
which this Act is based is briefly this: 
If employed persons worJt shorter hours 
at reasonable wages more worJters can be 
employed. Two concurrent govern 
mental activities are now going on. One 
has to do with economic recovery, th
other with a reorganization of our econ- 
(nnic system in the hope that the recurrent 
vicious cycles of prosperity and depres- 
sion may be smoothed out. The recover}' 
programme is, of course, the more obvious 
of the two. Leadership and initiative 
in the organization of social forces havc 
been taken by th e fc
eral gove r nmL [
An address 
i\en at the Annual M. clmg or th." 
-\ssociation of R...lo(istercd Nurscs of th. Prn\.., ' 
Quebec. Montrcal. hnuar\ 
nth, I'1H 

.\PRIL. lQq 

and every unit in our society IS being 
profoundly influenced, not only by the 
effect of the N.R.A. on industry, but by 
the programmes of the Federal Emer- 
gency Relief Administration and the 
various subsidiaries which have to do 
with putting people quickly to work for 
short periods while we wait for the slow\:r 
machinery of industrial recovery to gd 
under way. 
Though the Act specifically applies to 
industrial workers it has neverthele:ss 
affected nursing to a considerable extent. 
Our country has enjoyed the best health 
in its history during the period of depres 
sion, but not all the populace has had 
adequate medical and nursing care D}' 
any manner of means. Patients have gone 
uncared-for, and nurses have not onl" 
been unemployed, but some of them have 
themselves become public charges. So, 
cially and economically it is desirablc to 
put nurses to work to save their self, 
respect; professionally it is desirable t ù 
put them to work under supervision 
which will assure the best possible per- 
formance under emergency conditions. 
both because the patient or the commun- 
ity should receive the best possible serviù
and because professional stanJarJs, once 
weakened, may not edsily be restoreJ. 
Professional Statldards 
Our national nursing organi:.ltioI13, 
especially the American Nurses Associa 
tion and the National Organization for 
Public Hcalth Nursing, have heen m 
frequent conference with the \"anou




fedaal authorities concerned with nurs' 
ing, but the fact that nursing is of im, 
portance to sever dl units of the nation;tl 
government while gratifying in itself, 
causes complications. 
Social workers and public health nurses 
had carefully built up standards of work 
for each group, based on preparation 
dnd experience. For example, the prill' 
ciple that public health nurses should no
give material relief was accepted by both 
groups, but has repeatedly given way 
before the dIre and emergent need of 
patients for food, warmth, and even 
shelter. A larger issue is presented when 
one contemplates the future of the pri, 
vately supported public health nursing 
organizations. With the rapid assumJ?' 
tion of broad programmes by public 
agencies, their future is by no means 
Remedies for Unemployment 
What we may term the recovery pro' 
gram me has to do primarily with employ'" 
ment. Nursing is by no means immune 
to economic law. Unemployment within 
its ranks was inevitable. When this is 
coupled with the fact that the Committee 
on the Grading of Nursing Schools 
warned us six years ago that we were 
graduating too many nurses and that 
many of them were poorly prepared, it 
is readily seen why we have had 
almost insupportable situation, particu, 
lady in the private duty field. Some of 
the methods of assisting unemployed 
nurses inaugurated hy the profession 
itself are: 
t. The use of graduJ.te nurses on a staff 
basis has been speeded up in our better institu, 
:2. Some schools-ahout two hundred- 
hdve been closed and students have. been rc' 
placed by a graduate sen.-icc. 
3. Part,timc service, particularly in hospitals 
.tffiliated with universities, ha" hccn provided 
for nurse!' wishing to study. 
..J, Sharing work, hy mean" of the eight, 
hour day. among ..;peC1.l1 duty nurSb in ho->, 
Through the instrumentalIty of the 

planning of federal agencies, nurses ha\'c 
heen employed, for a minimum number 
of hours per week, in hospitals and public 
health nursing organizations, especial
those supported by public funds. l\ 
programme now gaining impetus under 
the Children's Bureau, provides for the 
employment of twenty,five hundred 
nurses in a study of the nutrition 01 
Selection and Placing 
Our ndtional nursing organizations, in 
their conferences with the various gov, 
ernmental agencies, have over and over 
again stressed four principles, namely: 
1. In the interests of safeguarding the 
health and welfa,re of every community in the 
United States, it is advised that relief nurses 
be assigned to some already existing organiza' 
uch as a hospital, institution, nurs
association, public health organization, et 
2. That no nurse be assigned to work as a 
nurse excepting under paid qualified nurse 
3. That the professional and persoaal 
qualifications, including physical fitness, of 
women listed as registered nurses with the 
Federal Emergency Relief Administration, be 
verified by the local nurses' association (state 
or district association) of that community. 
4. That the prevailing salary schedule of 
the given community be paid all registered 
nurses who are assigned to nursing duties. 
Reconstrllction and Pri-vate Duty 
The reconstruction programme for 
private duty nursing, as distinguished 
from the emergency or recovery pro' 
gramme, is receiving the major attention 
of the American Nurses Association 
while the emergency or recovery pro' 
gramme is a matter for frequent con' 
Ference between the American Nurses 
Association and the National Organi::J.' 
tion for Public Health Nursing. This 
"reconstruction programme" if I may I'
christen it, is concerned with: 
1. Preparation for service. This will ha....e a 
marked influcnce on the reorganization of our 
2. \\ïder di
tribution of sen.'ice. 
3. The economIcs of pri\ate duty. ndnlt'ly 
the h()ur
 of duty .md clI\npen
atlUn therefor. 
VOl.. XXX, No. 4 

-\MERICAN 1\;l"RSIN(; 

There is à marked trend, in our thínk 
ing, away from preparing nurses solely 
on the hasis of the needs of the particular 
hospital in which they receive their 
professional education and toward pre- 
paration for the service required by the 
One of the real trends in the field ('If 
private duty, since it is not primarily an 
emergency measure, is that toward the 
conversion of the old-time registries into 
bureaus of community nursing servi.:e. 
The registry, in its simplest terms, con- 
s;sted of a list of nurses to be placed; a 
tdephone, and a registrar, who might or 
might not be a nurse. Priority on the 
list was usually the determining factor in 
placing nurses, regardless of the profes- 
sional or temperamental fitness for the 
particular case. This plan created a 
system of "vest pocket registries" becaus
doctors, failing to secure the types of 
nurses they needed, kept -and still keep 
lists of the nurses they prefer, usually 
including a considerahle number of prac- 
tical nurses A study of each community, 
on the basis of the incidence of illne:::s 
and of apparent needs for nursing serv- 
ice, will reveal many opportunities not 
previously recognized. The 
should be organized on the assumptiol1 
that "Bring your nursing problems to us ' 
is a sound slogan since they expect t.] 
know the needs of the communities. to 
have detailed knowledge of the nursing 
resources and to find ways to connect 
the two. 

The Eight-Hour Day 
In the main, although there were many 
exceptions in our Middle West and 
South, the private duty nurse has of lat
years saved for a twelve-hour day. Th
movement for an eight-hour day was 

tarted in southern California, when th
country wa
 at the height of prosperity, 
by nurses who helIeved that they should 
he permitted to live a more normal lif



It was discovered, belatedly, that a tired 
and depressed nurse tends to affect her 
patients adversely, whereas an alert, 
interested, refreshed nurse has a most 
benencial psychological influence in addi, 
tion to being more effective in a tech- 
nical sense. The eight-hour day had, 
then, been established as a workable plan, 
the principle being that three nurses for 
the twenty-four-hour period should cost 
the patient very little, if any. more than 
two, before the acute need for "sharing 
work" among private duty nurses became 
apparent. All other incomes were bein IT 
cut, why not that of the private dutv 
nurse, was only part of the reasoning 
back of the plan. Another factor W:I.S 
that neither patients, doctors. nor ho::)- 
pitals could he expected favorably hl 
consider increased costs at such a tim!?-. 
Areas in sixteen states have now put the 
eight-hour day into effective operation. 
In Los Angeles, Seattle, and St. Louis 
it is practically universal. St. Louis, with 
aU but one of its thirty-two hospit
using it, reported a twelve per cent in- 
crease in employment in the nrst month 
of operation. In Brooklyn, it is in wide 
use; in New York City and in Boston 
there are still only a few institutions 
using it. 
Private duty nurses are themselves the 
greatest obstacle to the success of the 
plan. Selfishness has some bearing on the 
situation; lack of knowledge and und
standing still more. Nurses who have not 
the slightest notion of their actual yearly 
income frequently argue that they cannot 
afford to "take a cut" although records 
show that the eight-hour plan not only 
increases the number of nurses employed, 
but increases the actual days of service 
given. We may say, then, th.1t the modern 
trend in private duty is for shorter hours 
for hospital specials. It is helieved that 
similar results in nursing in homes will 
follow. That development will depend, 
to some extent. on the willingness and 
the ability of the pri\'atc duty mlr
c t..... 



teach some member of the household to 
carryon In the absence of the nurse iJl 
much the same way the visiting nurse 
now does. 

Hourly Nursing 
The effort to develop hourly nursing, 
apart from public health nursing agen' 
cies, has not grown very rapidly. Th
reasons are not wholly clear. One, of 
course, is the readiness of many visiting 
nurse associations to give this service to 
paying, patients. Another may be the 
lack of information on the part of the 
registries (or bureaus of nursing service 
as we prefer to call them) of commUI1' 
ity needs and methods of reaching those 
who could utilize such service. A thirJ 
is undoubtedly due to inability at this 
time to secure budgets necessary for 
adequate publicity. 
In their professional relationships 
private duty nurses have tended to be on 
the defensive. With a normal working 
day there naturally tends to come a more 
wholesome attitude toward life and 
toward professional activities. With 
rapid development of the eight, hour plan 
we confidently look forward to more 
constructive p
 rticipation by private duty 
nurses in professional programmes, to 
the rapid development of study clubs, 
and participation in other educational 
projects tending toward true specializa' 
tion. Such nurses may be expected tù 
demand and to secure a type of post' 
graduate course in clinical nursing such 
as does not now exist anywhere. 
Public Health Nursing 
Even experienced public health nurses 
are wary about predicting the future of 
public health nursing and I am not a 
public health nurse. That in the United 
States, powerful forces are beating upon 
that branch of nursing is obvious to th
veriest tyro. On the one hand, public 
health nursing is forced temporarily to 
absorb into its ranks nurses with no spe, 
cial preparation for that field, many of 

them with inadequate preparation for 
any field; on the other, carefully buÍ1t 
up standards, defining the limitations of 
public health nursing and of social work, 
are breaking down. A third factor j
the tendency of private agencies to come 
under some sort of governmental control. 
I make no prediction as to the future ')f 
public health nursing. I do predict 
the repercussion of our emergency nurs- 
ing programmes on schools of nursin
will definitely help to bring about that 
integration and diffusion of the principles 
of health in nursing courses and a liberal, 
iz;ation-socialization if you will-of 
curricula which cannot fail to help us 
forward toward our goal of adequate 
nursing in the amounts and kinds re' 
quired for all who need nursing servic,'. 
Nursing Education 
Our schools have suffereJ severely 
from the depression. Student allowances 
have been stopped without any compen- 
sating improvement in curricula. Facul- 
ties have been depleted. Sensitive-mind, 
ed principals have succeeded in reducing 
the number of students admitted only t.) 
find their less sensitive and often inad, 
equd.tely prepared neighbors turning out 
larger classes than ever. Many graduate 
nurses have been placed on a staff basis 
(general Juty) in hospitals in a more or 
less altruistic effort to relieve unemplo/, 
ment. As the selection of those nurs
has often been on the basis of econom:c 
need rather than professional fitness, it 
remains to be seen whether the sound 
principle of having a body of graduate 
service against which student practice is 
projected is really being promoted. Be' 
cause of the acute nature of their prob- 
lems, hospital administrators and nurse 
educators have tended to work more ca- 
operatively than in the past. This is 
borne out by the increasingly healthy 
relationship now Jeveloping between the 
American Hospital Association (which 
made great progress along those lines 
during the presidency of Canada's Dr. 
VOL. XXX, No. 4 


Stephens), and our N a tinnal League oj 
Nursing Education. 

W hat We Believe 
To sum up then, what are some of th.:
modern trends, particularly in relation 
to private duty nursing, in my country? 
We hope and believe that the back 
of cruelly long hours is broken for ,Ill 
time. With increasing numbers of pa 
tients, doctors, and nurses .IPproving the 
eight,hour day there will he no reason for 
returning to an outworn system when 
economic recovery has taken place. 
\Ve believe that. with shorter hours, 
more private duty nurses will become 
genuinely professional workers, taking a 
constructive part in the development f)f 
the profession, and in perfecting the qual, 
ity of their own service. 
We believe that the new type (\f 
bureau of nursing service, the successor 
of the old,time registry will, upon a ba& 
of broad knowledge of community need;;. 
prom( Jte co,ordination between suppl \' 
and demand and will provide a construc' 


tive type ot ::.upervision. The time should 
be not far distant when nurses working 
under the direction of a community 
bureau of nursing service, may be on .l. 
salaried basis and may thus enjoy d re:t 
sonable degree of economic security. 
We believe that the various studies ot 
community needs definitely indicate a 
change in emphasis in nursing s.:hoül 
curricula, and a resultant legitimate 
charge of the cost of nursing educdtion, 
not only to the individuals who receive 
it, but also to the community which they, 
as nurses, are preparing themselves to 
We agree with the statement in your 
own admirable Survey that "Nursini! 
education, including that of the privd
duty nurse, cannot permanently remain 
apart from the stream of invigorating life 
and inspiration which the university caw") 
hest supply." 
We believe that these things imply 
life more abundant for all nurses and ,I 
wider use of nursing service hy the com' 
munity at large. 


MARGARET MURDOCH. Superintendent of Nurses. Saint John GeneraJ Hospital. 
Saint John. N.B. 

In 1 Y24, Dr. H. 1. Abramson, patho, 
logist for the Department of Health if. 
New Brunswick. on returning from a 
visit to New York, asked permission to 
inoculate the student nurses of the School 
of Nursing of the Saint John General 
Hospital with scarlet fever toxin. As we 
had been having a great many cases of 
scarlet fever among the students, we felt 
that, .It least, it would not do any harm. 
From December. 1920. untd November, 
1924, there had been twdve CdSes of scar' 
let fever in the School. with an average 
number of fifty students. In November, 
1924, volunteer:, were .Isked for from 

\PRIL. 1934 

among the students to have the Dick test 
done, with the result that about 90% 
offered. Since that time, 1 R8 student.;; 
have been Dick tested. 71 of whom were 
found to be positive, and were activeh' 
immunized. One hundred and scven ha"c 
been inoculated without having the t
done. The School has now increased 
from 60 to 124 students. and in that 
time. there have been only three C.ISCS l'
scarlet fever. all very mild. These thre
students were each inoculated. All stu' 
dents who enter the School, who canndt 
give .1 definite statement ot h.n:mg h.tI..I 

('..rlt.t fe\'
r. arc inùculatcJ 


JEAN I. GUNN, Convener of th(l Pageant Committee. 

Nurses who attend the Biennial Mect- 
ing in June will en.ioy a type of entertain- 
ment never before undertaken by the 
Canadian Nurses Association. As this 
meeting marks the twenty-fifth anniva- 
sary of the organization of the natiOlul 
Association, it has been decided to cele, 
hrate the occasion by the presentation of 
a pageant having as its background the 
development of nursing in Canada. The 
special committee appointed to assume 
responsihility for the pageant has been at 
work for some time and now wishes !O 
give to nurses, throughout Canada, d 
brief outline of its plans. 
The Pageant Committee 
The details of the paged.nt have been 
assigned to different sub-committees. Th
scenario committee has as convenor. MIss 
Jean Gunn, with Miss F. H. M. Emory 
(president of the Canadian Nurses Asso' 
ciation), Miss Gladys Sharpe (secretary 
of the instructors' committee of schools 
of nursing in T urontu). and Miss Ethel 
Greenwood, as members. The committ
to arrange for the publication of the pri)' 
gramme is convened by Miss Beatrice 
Ellis; the committee on finance by Mi":6 
Margaret Dulmage; the committee on 
hotel arrangements by Miss Mary Wil- 
liams; the ticket committee by Miss Har- 
riet Meiklejohn; the committee for select- 
ting personnel for the pageant hy Mi<:;s 
Ethel Greenwood. 
The Scellario 
The historical facts concerning nursing 
in Canada were compiled by the instruc, 
tors' committee of the schools of nursing 
in Toronto. This committee, during the 
winter of 1932,1933 made an intensi v
historical study and compiled a valuable 
reference. This was given to the pageant 
committee to be used in the writing of thc 


scenario and from this historical outline, 
the pageant has been developed and writ, 
ten hy Mr. J. E. Middleton. a Canadian 
writer of lung experience who established 
a reput<Jtion as a paragrapher and writel 
of light verse on the 'Toronto News. He 
is the author of a book of verse. entitled 
"Sea-Dogs and Men'at-Arms". and has 
contributed to many American maga, 
:;ines. In recent years, Mr. Middleton 
has specialized in historical work and has 
edited a compendious work on the his' 
tory of Toronto. His History of Ontano 
is well known and the official Centennial 
Book, "Toronto's Hundred Years", 
soon to be published. is also from his 
pen. Long interested in the stage an.:! 
in music, he wrote a series of ballad- 
operas produced by the Canadian Pacific 
Railway at the Banff Springs Hotel, with 
the late Alfred Heather's Light Opera 
Company. The Hart House Theatre at 
the University of Toronto. produced 
"The Velvet Muzzle" and the Canadian 
LIterature Club sponsored his three-act 
play, entitled "Royal Doulton." 
T he Production 
In m.tking its plans the Pageant Com' 
mittee had to consider not only the 
writing of the scenario but its proper 
presentation. Mr. Edgar Stone, Director 
of Hart House Theatre. University of 
Toronto, has \"ery kindly undertaken to 
<tssist \Vi
h both production and direction. 
\Vith Mr. Middleton and Mr. Stone in 
.:ommand, the Pageant Committee feels 
sured that the production will be both 
historically accurate and pleasing from 
the standpoint of scenic effects and music. 
The performance will take place in the 
Concert Hall of the Royal York Hotel. 
the stage of which lends itself admirably 
to the purpose. 

VOL. xxx. No. 4 


The editorial which appeared und.
this caption in the March issue of the 
] ou.rnal outlines eight specific complaints 
commonly made by the public concerning 
nurÙlg service. This month and next w.-:. 
shall try to say something by way I.)f 
defence concerning some of the counts 
which have been brought against us. 
The public claims that nursing care 
ought to be available in every type of 
illness, but that nurses sometimes 
to care for patients suffering from men' 
tal or infectious diseases, or (worse stili) 
for obstetrical cases. The defence is that 
many nurses, through no fault of their 
own, graduate without any clinical 
perience whatever in the care of mental 
or infectious disease and therefore refuse 
these cases because they do not know how 
to nurse them. It is hard to find any 
excuse for refusal to care for obstetrical 
patients. As nurses we stand convicted 
on this count and we may as well admit 
it. When, later, the educational aspects 
of our present maladjustments come up 
for discussion, more will he said abo
the failure of schools of nursing to pre' 
p,lre nurses for certain hranches of 
private practice. 
The puhlic claims that nursing service 
ought to be readily available, night and 
Jay, every day in the year, but that it 
is sometimes difficult to get nursing 
service at night or on holidays. Here 
again we stand convicted. Weare not 
so organized as to ensure the ready re' 

ponsc to which the public is entitled. 
Nursing in tlte Country 
The public claims that p,ltients who 
lave in the country arc just as much in 
neeJ of nursing service as those who live 
in the city but cannot always get it. The 
only Jcfence that can be made IS to say 
th,lt nurses, after all, are human, and 
tenJ to seek the sort of working environ' 

This u, thc fifth artic1,' in " lIeri 9 of rJilf.n..1 I ,I,. 
llh nursing in C'an"da. 


ment which suits them best. To be isolat' 
ed, far from help, with a vay ill patient 
is an ordeal that not all of us are capabl
of facing. But it is a legitimate nursin
Jemand and we should be so organized 
as to meet it. 

A Household Liability? 
The public claims that, far trom beiu6 
ministering angels, we are sometimes 
Jomestic pests. The maid gives notice. 
the cook departs, the charwoman tel
phones to say she cannot come this week. 
Instead of performing the functions of 
all these useful persons we calmly insist 
that our chief duty is to nurse the patient. 
The fact that the patient would frequen
ly prefer to be neglected and to have the 
dinner cooked and the children got off 
to school leaves us cold. Our job is to 
nurse the sick and not to do domestic 
Right here, for the first time. we feel 
both able anJ willing to answer ba.:k. 
There has always been confusion in the 
public mind as to what the function of 
a nurse in a household really is. There 
has also been a '-Iuite unjustified assump' 
tion, especially on the part of women, 
that it is the duty of the nurse to assume 
responsibility for domestic tasks when n() 
household worker is employed. The prob, 
lem of domestic service is hopeless
involved with that of nursing, and until 
the women who Jirect households realize 
this fact the present unfortunate misun 
derstanding will continue. The plain 
truth is that nurses are sometimes sum- 
moned to private humes in order to tide 
over a domestic crisis rather than to give 
skilled nur.;ing care. The}' .lre no mor
to be blamed for performing these tasks 
uI1\'\'illinglr antI under protest than a doc- 
tor \VoulJ be for ob.iecting to serve cheer- 
fully as furnace man or chauffeur. 
The organi::ation of domestic servi
requires far Illl)re constructive thinking 
,1Ild intelligent J.ction th,l11 women have, 
so far, heen willing tv gi\'c to it. There 
IS no reason in the WI,r1J why the .waage 



midJle class household should not be able 
to solve the domestic problems incidental 
to illness wIthout calling upon the nur,::.' 
ing profession to do it for them. The 
organization and direction of a 
of household work ought not to :Je 
beyond the powers of modern business 
Nurses, on their part, should make up 
their minds whether they are. or are not, 
willing to offer, under the auspices of 
such a bureau, a combined domestic anù 
nursing service. There is nothing dero' 
gdtory in such an alternative. Some 
nurses, with a talent for the household 
arts, might find such occupation quite 
congenial and perfectly dignified. Others 
(not necessarily snobs) might prefer to 
confine themselves to strictly nursing 
duties. The point is that the public is 
entitled to know where we stand on the 
matter. At present we are content t.1 
evade the real issue by vague sentimen 

talities about "always helping out in a 
crisis" and so forth. 
By way of being thoroughly disagrec' 
<tble. we might also point out that the 
domestic dislocation incidental to illness 
is not all to be laid at the door of the 
nurse. The maid is harassed by the 
presence of relatives. the cook is upset 
because everyone is late for meals. the 
charwoman does not come because there 
is more washing to do than usuaL Domes' 
tic workers necessarily suffer from th
emotional tenseness which pervades the 
household. There have been cases when 
the maid has said "Nurse, I am glad you 
are here." The cook has been known to be 
.l confederate in preparing tempting dish' 
es for the invalid and h<!s not resented '1 
few dirty dishes in the kitchen sink. 
But, when all is said and done "a nunc 
in the house" means that anxiety anJ 
pain are there too. There lies our psy- 
chological handicap. 

(7'0 be continued) 


In reference to the transfer to the Canadian 
Council on Child and Family Welfare, of the 
work formerly carried on through the Division 
on Child Welfare of the Dominion Depart- 
ment of Pensions and National Health, it 

hould be understood that this does not :n- 
,,'ulve any change in the organization, plan 
{It work, or relation to the Dominion or 
provincial governments of the Canadian Coun- 
cil on Child and Family Welfare, nor does it 
involve any new precedent or principle in 
relationship to one of the large voluntary 
national organizations to a Dominion depart- 
There has dlways been the closest co-opera- 
tion between the Canadian Council on Child 
.Ind Family WeHare and the Dominion De- 
partment of Pensions and National Health 
through the office of the Deputy Minister, 
while monthly conferences always took place 
between thc Chief of the Child Welfare 
Division and the Executive Director of the 
Canadian Council. The arrangements now 
maùe only mean an amplification of the work 

which the Canadian Council on Child and 
Family Wélfare has been doing, particularly 
through its division on Maternal and Child 
Hygiene. Because it is anticipated that the 
closest co-operation and consultation will con- 
tinue to be necessary, arrangements have been 
made for a special committee, on which Dr. 
J. J. Heagcrty, D.P.H., Chief Executive Assis- 
tant, will represent the Dominion Department 
and consultants in obstetrics and pediatrics arc 
ddded to the part-time staff of the Council. 
There is no change in the constitution or 
work of the Canadian Council. Its general 
work will continue to be directed by its exc- 
cutive director, Miss Charlotte Whitton, C.B. 
E., M.A., who will also be responsible for all 
general references in other fields of child 
welfare than that of maternal and child health. 
The personnel of the Division on Maternal 
and Child Hygiene ha!' not been changed. Miss 
:\gnes Baird, Reg. N., remdins o;ecretary anò 
the health work of the French-speaking divi- 
...ion will be carried on, as in the past, through 
ecretary. Madame Noel Chassé, Reg. N. 
VOL. XXX, No. 4 


Reference has beeen made in previous 
issues of the Journal to the notable pro- 
fessional achievements of the nine nursP..s 
who were included in the New Y
Honours List. Nùt the least of these 15 
that of Miss Berthd Smith, M.B.E., who 
is at present supervising nurse of the 
London Child Welfare Association. Mi:3s 
Smith IS the daughter of the late Canon 
J. W. P. Smith. at one time rector of 
Christ Church, London, Ontario. She 
is a graJuate of the school of nursing of 
St. Luke's Hospital, New York City, and 
for three years practised as a private 
Juty nurse under Dr. Emmett Holt. For 
five years she was a memher of the club 
organizeJ in Paris hy graduates of the 
school of nursing of the Presbyterian 
Hospitdl dnJ St. Luke's Hospital, and in 
the course of her professional work had 
opportunity for extensive travel. In April, 
1 <) 15, she "vas assigned to the St. John's 
Amhuldllce Brigdde Hospital at Etaples 
and remained with this unit until 111 
June, 191R, the hospItal was hombed. 
Immediately UpOIl her return to 
Canada, Miss Smith helped to organize 
the London Child \Velfare Association 

anJ later became its supervising nurse. 
The work of this Association has grown 
vcry rapidly and is held in high esteem 
hy Miss Smith's fellow citizens who Just 
Iy look upon the honour paid to her il:, 
a tribute to her fine work as well as t,) 





The Alumnde Association of the 
Montredl Cena dl Hospital School for 
Nurses hds decideJ to aWdrJ a scholar- 
ship which will enable the selected can- 
Jldate to tdke the course of study offered 
Juring the Session of 1<)34-1935 at the 
McGill School for GraJudtc Nurs
Montredl. Candidates must be member& 
in good standing of the Alumn.h.' A"2-' 

\(>RII, IQ 

CI.ltlon of the Montreal <.. ;cna.Ll H()spit,d 
School fur Nurses and preference will be: 
gil'en to those who hal'e had. exþerie)1CC 
in þnl'dte dut)' nursing. Th
 action or 
this A,;
oclJ.tion in thus opening th
of opportunity to rn"',ttc nur

s is mu
commenJ.lhk ,lnJ might well form a prc- 
cLJent fllr simil,tr action on the part (.f 
othl..T !Hit.. ng ,)rg.lI1i:.ltic In". 



 Cdnadiém Nurses Associcltion has 
Jecidl'd to offer a scholarship to enable 
a CanaJian nurse to attenJ the 1934- 
1 9 
 5 session of the postgradudte course 
ed under the aegis of the provi- 
sional committee for the proposed Fb- 
rcnce Nightingale International Founda- 
tion. This course will be given at BeJ- 
ford CoUege (University of London), in 
conjunction with the CoUege of Nursing. 
The president of the Canadian Nurses 
Association has authorized the publica- 
tion of the following statement concern- 
ing the conditions under which this 
scholarship has been offered and wiII he 
a warded: 
COllditions of AJl:ard 
The Canadian Nurses Association un- 
dertakes to provide the sum of two 
hundred and fifty pounds as a scholarship 
to send a Canadian nurse to Bedford 
College for the year 1934- 35. This 
dmount is to be paid to the provisional 
committee for the proposed Florence 
Nightingale Intern<Jtional Foundation 
not later thdn August 1, 1934. 
1. Funds raised for the Florence Night- 
ingale Memorial Foundation are to be 
forwarded by provincial convenors, on 
the first day of each month, to the 
National Office, and placed by the Exe- 
cutive Secretary in a separate fund. The 
amount of two hundred and fifty pounds 
only wiII be forwarded to the Foundation 
from the Canadian Nurses Association 
for 1934-35. 
2. Information regarding the granting 
of the scholarship wiII be published in 
The Canadian Nurse in the April and 
May issues, and convenors of the Provin- 
cial Joint Study Committees will also be 
3. The following committee is em- 
powered to make the award without 
further reference to the Executive Com- 
mittee of the Canadian Nurses Associa- 
tion: Miss Ruby Hamilton (convenor), 
Miss Grace Fairley, Miss Eleanor M.:- 
Phedran, Miss Mane! Holt, Mis... Nor,l 


Moore, MÙ:,s Florence Coleman. The 
president of the Canadian Nurses Asso- 
ciation is an ex-officio member of this 
4. The dl1110Uncement of the course 
and a pplicdtion forms are to be procured 
from the ExecutIve Secret,try, Canadian 
Nurses Assoc1.ttion, 1411 Cresc
nt Street, 
5. The Executive S
cretdry of the 
Can,ldi,m Nurses Association shaU 
receive applications at the N.ltional 
Office, 1411 Crescent Street. Montreal, 
up to June I, 1934. 
6. Thc successful dPplicant will be 
advised of the award not later than June 
15, 1934. 
7. The editor of 'The Canadian Nurse 
is instructed to publish the requirements 
for enrolment at Bedford CoUege, as out- 
lined in the announcement of Interna- 
tional Courses 1934-35, and the follow- 
ing facts are to be emphasized: 
(a) That applicants may choose 
one of two courses: (1) Public Hedlth, 
(2) Administration and te<Jching in 
schools of nursing. 
(b) The scholarship does not in- 
clude travelling expenses to and from 
General I II formation 
The following information concernin
the courses of instruction offered in th,' 
International Courses is quoted from the 
official announcement for 1934-35 spoa- 
sored by Bedford College, and the Coì. 
lege of Nursing: 
1. The courses open on August 15 
and close on July 1. 
2. The session is diviJed into thr

terms averaging ten to eleven weeks each. 
Students attend Bedford College and th
College of Nursing in average of twelve 
hours a week throughout the year, 
eluding lectures and individual coaching. 

. The English system of university 
eJucation lays great stress on the value 
(If rcaJing and discussions in small class
unJer the g:uidance of teachers, the lee 
VOL xxx, No. 4 


tures being regarded as a basis for iT).- 
dividual study. 
4. In view of the fact that each stu' 
dent brings to the courses a vastly differ- 
ent background of previous training anJ 
nursing standards, origin and education. 
and that the problems that will confront 
each upon her return to her native coun- 
try will be considerably different, thl' 
l:urriculum has been adopted to provid
.ts far as possible, the nMximum of in- 
dividual tuition for each student. Speci.ll 
emphasis may be given to any of the 
branches of work in which a student may 
wish to speciaIi
e, and additional lectures 
may be followed at the discretion of the 
Education Committee. 
S. The importance of devoting two 
months to practical work and observation, 
in hospitals or with public health organi- 
zations preparatory to the courses, has 
been recogni
ed. Therefore, it has been 
arranged for students to spend Augll-;t 
and September -and, if necessary, addi, 
tional time during the college vacations 
-in practical work to familiarÜ;e them- 
selves with English nursing methods and 
health procedures. The practical work 
of the public health students is carri
out in South London, part of it in con' 
nection with the out-patient department 
of St. Thom.ts's Hospital, and partly in 
the local municipal welfare centres. 
Further practical work may be arrangeJ 
at the completion of the courses for 
nurses desiring more experience in Eng- 
land or on the Continent. A vacation 
of two weeks is granted at Christmas. 
6. A certificate is awarded on the 
satisfactory completion of the course. 
7. Students arc required to Jive in 



residence at 1 S. Manchester Squar
Requirements for Admission 
Applicants should be between 21 and 
41 years of age and the following docu- 
ments must be forwarded with their 
(d) A medicdl certificate of good gc nera! 
(b) A declaration, endor:,ed by thl' 
National Florence Nightingale Committee, ef 
the applicant's country of origin, testifyin
to the good character, general education anJ 
professional training of the applicant. Appli- 
cants must have had a general education corre- 
sponding to the English secondary school 
education with evidence of ability to profit 
by the course, and the best nursing training 
availahle in their countries. 

An Excellent Opportunity 
The information given above indicates 
the general scope and flexibility of the 
courses offered. The candidate may 
select either public health or teachin
and administration in schools of nursin'; 
and is encouraged to follow her ow
bent. She has the privilege of residing 
at 15 Manchester Square, which might 
well be called International House, since 
it brings into contact nurse srudents from 
all parts of the world. Such an experi- 
ence cannot f.til to be broaJening from 
.t cultural as well as from a profession.d 
point of view. 
Those who intend to be c..lI1Jld.Lt\.'S 
for the honour of representing Can.t.],. 
as the holder of this national schoI.lrship 
must act yuickly. Applications shoulJ pe 
sent to Miss Jean S. \\'ilson, Executi'x 
Secretary, Canadian Nurses Association. 
1411 Crescent Street, Montr\.'al, }1cfnrc 
June 1, 1934. 



The president of the Canadian Nurses 
Association has instructed the Journal tn 
inform its readers of the generous and 
gracious gesture made by the Nightingale 
Fellowship (the trained nurses of the 
Nightingale School, St. Thomas's Hos, 
pital, London), in offering a scholarship 
which will enable a Canadian nurse to 
attend the 1934, 
1935 session of the 
courses organizeJ 
by the N ighting3.1e 
International Foun, 
dation which are to 
be given at Bed, 
ford College (Uni, 
versity of London) 
in conjunction with 
the College J Í 
The value of thi:; 
gift is enhanced by 
the manner of the 
giving. The fol, 
lowing excerpt 
from a letter ad, 
dressed to the Pre' 
sident of the Cana- 
dian Nurses Asso, 
ciation from M
Alicia Lloyd'Still, 
Matron of St. Tho, 
mas's Hospital, Su' 
ntendent of the 
Nightingale Training School and Presi, 
dent of the Nightingale Fellowship, 
admirably reflects the spirit which 
prompted the munificent action. 
"I have sent you a short ofiÏcialletter 
with reference to the Florence Nightin- 
gale Foundation Scholarship which we, 
of the Nightingale School. wish to off
from our Nightingale Foundation. Would 
you very kindly make known our offer to 
the Canadian Nurses Association, and 
may they know that our gift is in hono'Jr 
of their twenty,fifth Anniversary, assur- 


1 (,(1 


ing them that, should they feel able to 
accept the same, we on our part feel both 
proud and happy: proud to feel that Miss 
Nightingale's earnest wish to link up the 
nursing profession overseas is thus being 
carried out by her school. and happy to 
know that a Canadian nurse may be abl,
to take the International Course und
the Florence Night, 
ingale Foundation. "" 
Enquiries con' 
cerning this scho, 
larship should be 
addressed imme, 
diately to Miss Jea
S. Wilson, Execu.. 
tive S e c r eta r y, 
Canadian N ur,:;\?s 
Association, 1411 
Crescent Street, 
Montreal, and can' 
didates should reJ.d 
carefully the ri.' 
quirements for ad, 
mission to tne 
course, which ap' 
pear under the cap' 
tion of A Nationú.l 
ScholarshiP in thiE 
issue of the Journal. 
Here is an oppoõ.-' 
tunity which shouk] 
strongly appeal tJ 
every forward,loo;C, 
ing young nurse i:1 
Canada. This scholar will. if she proves 
herself worthy, come close to the very 
heart of the Nightingale tradition. Fur' 
thermore, in a broader sense, we may 
all claim a share in this gift since it marks 
the occasion of the Silver Jubilee of the 
Canadian Nurses Association . The bond 
between nurses in Canada and in Britaia 
is intangible, yet strong. It may he knit 
more closely because of the living strand 
created by the Nightingale Fellowship 

... ' .


. ...... 






.. ì 

VOL. xxx, No. 4 


fhe Biennial Meeting 
Under the caption of J\l..otes from the 
.ational Office the E
ecutive Secret,lry 
of the Canadian Nurses Association prc- 
sents the official tentative programme fo
the biennial meeting to be held in T oron- 
to from June 25 to 30 inclusive. This 
programme will rep
'y caref
l stu
y an"l 
should be read in COIl junction wIth the 
introductory statement, prepared by the 
Executive Secretary, in which its general 
objectives are set forth. 
American Trends ill Nursing 
The Journal is proud to present to its 
readers as Its leading article th
s month, 
the fine treatise on American trends in 
nursing prepared by Miss Mary 11- 
Roberts, editor of 'The American Journal 
of Nursing. The editor of 
journal should, by virtue ot the strategIc 
position she holds, be better able than ani 
other individual to interpret the contem- 
porary natIOnal scene. While conditions 
in the United States differ widely from 
our own, so far as certain political and 
economic aspects are concerned, there is 
yet sufficient resemblance from a nursing 
point of view to render Miss Roberts' 
searching analysis most valuable to us étt 
this time. 
A National Scholarship 
Who will be Canada's first interna' 
tional scholar under the conditions out- 
lined under this caption elsewhere in this 
issue? The best is none too good, since 
she must represent Canada in an inter- 
IMtional group of which each memb
will he outstanding. This opportunity 
should appeal to all young ambitious, 
well-prepared Canadian nurses, not only 
because it will open the door to future 
professional ,ldvanccment, but becau:-:e 

APRil, I'n-t 

the course Itself is dnIlcated to the mem- 
ory of the founder of modern nurS1l1 6 , 
Florence Nightingale. 
Good 1Ven:s from Alberta 
Just as we go to press. the good news 
comes from Albert,l that. after a li\'ely 
tilt in the Alberta Legislative Assemblf, 
the Alberta Association of Registered 
Nurses has succeeded in getting its 
recommendation that educational rc- 
yuirements for entrance to schools :.)f 
nurS1l1g shall be raised from Grade Sev
to Grade Eleven, as far as its third rea.:l- 
ing in the House. As soon as this last 
hurdle is taken (and it surdy will be), 
we sh,tll have more to say about this well 
deserved victory. 
Sold Out 
To our mingled pride and chagnn we 
have had to refuse sever,ll orders for 
copies of the March number of 'The 
Canadian J\.urse. In fear and tremblin
lest unsolJ copies should remain to gath\.'r 
dust on our shelves, we ordered the 
largest issue that has been pnnted sÍIEC 
March, 1930. Not a copy renuins, except 
the s,lcreJ three put religiously ,lsi,J...: 
against the delY when 'Th'e Canadian 
Nuïse can afford to have its back copie:; 
bound. As yet, incredible though it m.-y 
seem the editorial office does not possess 
d copies of 'The Canadian Nurse. 
Our present objective is to n:ach within 
six months, the di:.:.y pre-depression 
record of three thousand copies monthly. 
And with our regional committees anJ 
student clubs working with their prLScm 
spceJ and efficiency we expect to 1..10 it 
too. The morell is. of course, that it }'Oll 
want the May issue you had better sub- 
scrihe in April. 



The Journal Goes Oil the Air 
We in Saint John, N.B., heard MISS A. W. 
Estey, in the course of her radio hour entitled 
"Community Doings", read excerpts from 
",rticles in the January issue of The Canadian 
Nurse which referred to the New Year 
Honours List (The Accolade) and to the 
audience granted by the King and Queen to 
Miss Priscilla Campbell (Notes from the Nel- 
tional Office). This is probably the first time 
that The Canadian Nurse has been presented 
to the radio audience. 
Saint John, N.B. 

Ghastly Error 
In future kindly address my Journal to the 
Toronto General Hospital, which is in Toronto 
and not in Montreal. 

Evidently dreams do come true. Especially 
bad ones. We have often wakened in the 


\ t 

 '\ t.. 

. ".



.' , -
; < 
.' , 
^, --.:. 


'. ";.. --4 

night after grisly nightmares in which "wc 
Imagined that something of this sort had hap- 
pened. And now it really has. The cream 
of the jest is that the institution in Montreal. 
which was mistakenly sent the ] oumal that 
should have been addressed to its proper 
owner in Toronto, was not a bit flattered. 
So nobody was pleased. Of course we could 
say something about the nefarious part played 
by the printer in this tragic affair. But recri- 
minations are useless. Much better apologi
quietly, as is Oùr good old editorial custom. 
Se here goes. Weare sorry that we once 
thought that the Toronto General Hospital 
is in Montreal. It isn't. We know better now. 

Alld So She Will 
I'm enclosing a subscriptIOn for The Cal1û- 
dian Nurse. Miss A. tells me that I shall 
enjoy it more than any good detective story. 
Nova Scoti.l. 

 ., "'.........
 . -^ 
, ..' '. 



-.( ", .' 
A "" .. 




" . 



" -. 


.. , 




, ,'. 

..". . 



VOL. XXX, No. 4 

Department of Nursing Education 

CONVENER OP PU8UC^TIONS' Miss Mildred Reid. Winnipeg General Hospital, \Vinnipeg, Man. 


ANN LAW, Reg. N., Winnipeg. Man. 

In January, IlJ33, the Manitoba 
Association of Registered Nurses adopted 
a scheme for th
 interchange of nurs
between large and small hospitals. * In 
order to assist suitable candidates to av:lÏi 
themselves of this experience the Associa' 
tion arranged to pay travelling expenses 
and a small monthly allow
 nce, while the 
participating hospitals provided board, 
lodging, and maintenance for a period of 
three months. In order to give OppOl-' 
tunity to those most likely to benefit by 
it, the applicant's previous record, and a 
confidential report from the superinten' 
dent of nurses in the school from which 
the applicant graduated, was regarded as 
an important factor m influencing the 
selection of the candidate. The hospitals 
were asked, upon the satisfactory complc' 
tion of the course, to furnish the nurse 
with a statement of the special work that 
she had covered. 
As a nurse from a large traming school 
who had the privilege of observation and 
experience in a small hospital I would 
S,lY that the experience thus gained is ex' 
ceedingly beneficial. You learn to apply 
the knowledge you have already gain
in the larger institution. Small hospitals 
have no internes, and at times a doctor 
cannot be located for hours; so the nurse 
must rally all her forces am.! meet any 
emergency. Small hospit".1s have no di:;' 
pensary-stock solutions only are kept-- 
the nurses gains v
luable experien..:e 
weighing out and mòking up solutions 
from powders and There is IW 
pJ.thologicallaboratory. All specimens oÍ 
urine ,U1d gastric contents are examin.
hy the nurse herself. Besides heing valu, 
.lble knowledge, this .ldds interest to the 

OS':I 'The C,III,ldi,m '\IIT" M,lrch. 1<)
'. p. I

APRil, 1934 

case studied No dietitian weighs our 
the special diets in a small hospital kit, 
chen. The nurse herself must plan an.j 
serve these diets and must observe the 
patients and increase or decrease the fooJ 
as she thinks fit. What wonderful value 
this knowledge is in home nursing. And, 
is a small institution, Improvising is one 
of the chief tasks of the nurse. Supplies 
are limited, so the nurse must use what 
 has on hand to make her patients 
comfortable-boxes are footstools- pans 
of barrels are cradles- ether c.ll1s ar
water bottles in anaesthetic beds. 
I have come to the conclusion that, in 
large hospitals, nurses are extravagant -- 
there is so much that we waste! In the 
small hospitals there is not a surplus of 
dressings, medicines, foodstuffs or sup' 
plies of any sort. I do not me
there is not enough- - but that there i
. none to waste. The nurse is taught to 
be careful in all things from the begin' 
ning of her training: all dressings ar
stripped; all bandages w,lshed; no ext.a 
solutions arc kept on th
 wards; pòpers 
ne used for sinapisms. In these h.lrd 
times what better training could .1 nurse 
get than in economy? 
I spent ,l month in the upcr.lting room 
in this small hospital. Everything from 
operating room technÙ.lue on, IS t,LUght. 
One assists at minor oper.ltions, h.l11dl-=s 
instruments for m.ljor operations, oper 
ates the ste,lm sterili::crs, prep.lrcs the 
drums, mends and sterili::cs the gloves 
and even learns to make up solutions ot 
glucose ,lIld s.lline for an intr.lvenOU5. 1 
considaed this training splendid. I mu-;t 
S,lY most of my observ.ltions were 
f.lvor,lhle. Different methods were used 
th.m 1 \\'.lS "I,:lu,to\l1ed to, hut one mu



select <ll1d use what one considers bcst. 
I was fortunate in being sent to a well- 
run and well-equipped small hospital. I 
can now truthfully say that no training 
is rcally complete without a few months 

spcnt in a smí.dl institution. The Mani 
toba Association of Registered Nurs<,s 
deserves great credit for sponsoring it 
scheme which makes such interchange 


MARGUERITE M. McDONALD, Reg. N., Instructor of Nurses, Edmonton General Hospital 

All who are familiar with schools of 
nursing will d.ppreciate the need of extra- 
curricular activities. I wish to outline a 
project that we have adopted in our 
school, and which we find stimulates 
social interest and co-operation among 
our students. With this aim in view W
organized a club on much the same basIs 
as that of a literary society but whic:il, 
for variety, we called the U-go-I-go Club. 
Our first meeting, at which all the stu- 
dent nurses were present, was for the 
election of officers and the appointment 
of a competent executive committee. 
After discussing the qualities desirable 
in such prospective candidates, nomin,t- 
tions for the various officers were mad
and an election followed. 
Our executive is now composed of the 
following: - President, vice-president, 
secretary, treasurer, social convener, and 
a representative of each of the classzs 
of our school. Thc instructor and the 
director of the school of nursing a:r
honorary presidcnts. The officers pe.::- 
form the functions appropriate to their 
respective titles and the social convener 
is in full charge of all entertainments. 
She usually chooses her committee 
through the class representatives, who, 
according to their adaptation, arrange 
for the decoration, music, games and 
refreshments. Thc representativcs of th

various clí.lSSeS see that their members 
share in the general activities for, as we 
all know, there are in every class talentGd 
but very modest pupils, whose abilities 
do not become known except through th
medium of their representative. The3z 
representativcs also inform the executive 
committee of the attitude of thcir class 
toward any measure, contemplated or 
passed by the club. 
All our meetings are conducted in a 
business-like way; the calling of the meet- 
ing to order; the reading and approving 
of the minutes and of any reports; the 
introduction of new business, which is 
discussed freely, and when put to vote, 
is repeated vertabim by the president. A 
general meeting is held monthly, and an 
executive meeting at such times as it ]
deemed unnecessary to have all members 
present. Social functions take placc 
monthly at least, and the committee i:l 
charge prepares a delightful and varied 
programme for each occasion. Quite 
recently we h
ve undertaken the public<l- 
tion of a school paper; an editor W.1S 
elected, who in turn formed an auxiliary 
to enable her to obtain varied material. 
Since we have organized our student 
nurses in this manner, a marked improve- 
ment in the general atmosphere of the 
school has taken place, and the spirit !:If 
helpfulness and co-operation prevails. 

VOL. XXX, No. 4 

Department of Public Health Nursing 

CO....\.E...rR Of' PI BLI ITlO"'S: Mrs Agnes Haygarth. 21 Sussex St.. Toronto. Om. 


MARJORIE ROBERTSON, Roval Ottawa Sanatorium, Ottawa. 

A recent writer has said that the av
age case of far-advanced tuberculosis 
.ldmitted to a sanatorium, has, at the 
time of his admission, already infecteJ, 
ur exposed to infection, ten other indi- 
viduals. One method of attack woulJ 
therefore seem to be the removal from 
the family of the source of infection, 
either permanently, or until he has been 
rendered non-infectious, or has been 
sufficiently well trained that he is no 
longer a menace to their safety. But it is 
not enough to remove the source of infe.:- 
tion Immediately upon finding it-we 
must find that source earlier, when he 
has a chance of recovery himself, anJ 
hefore he has endangered the lives of 
others. It may be presumed that at som
time he was not ill himself, but was a 
contact of some other open case of tuber- 
culosis. It is at this point in his career 
that we want to find him and place him 
under observation. 
The Need for Education 
The graduate nurse, 'whether she b
doing public health, private or institu- 
tional duty, is of inestimable help in find- 
ing early, curable cases. In this, howev\:r, 
the average nurse is seriously handicap- 
ped by the fact that she has had little or 
no practical e"'-periencc of the disease. It 
is a deplorable fact that nurses 
graduated with little or no systematize. t 
instruction in the nursing of one of th
oldest, most prev.llent, most prevcntabl
dise(lses known. If the student nurse 
could be considercd more in the light of 
.l student, and less as a me(UlS of provid- 
ing an inexpensive nursing service, and 
could spend a fcw of the hours which sh
now spends in (l never-ending repetition 
of ml.'ch.lI1ical pnKedure, in the study 

\PRII. !lH-' 

.1I1d discussIOn of tuberculosis as a socIal 
problem she would become a more valu- 

ble unit in d. health-questing communit/. 
The Need for Vigilance 
For adeyuate case-finding in tubercu. 
losis, the first and most crying need in th.: 
public health nursing field is education 
in tuberculosis for the rank and file of 
public health nurses, beginning with 
those who are doing generalized work 
and extending to those who are speci3.i- 
izing in such fields as child welfare, 
infant and maternal care, industry, men- 
tal hygiene and even tuberculosis itself. 
It is always a temptation, when we are 
doing specialized work, to become mildly 
fanatical concerning our special branch 
and the visible manifestations of tuber 
culosis are therefore easily overlookeJ 
hy the nurse who is in the home on som'
other mission. Why is it that the indus- 
trial nurse so frequently lightly passes 
over the common indications of tubercu- 
losis? Why docs the generali:ed nur
f ail to appreciate the significance of th
childhood type of tuherculosis in the 
contacts that she finds in homes where 
no apparent tuberculosis e",-ists? Is it be- 
cause of her relative indifference to th\: 
disease? This usually grows out of a 
feelÙw that tuherculosis associ.ltions 'r 
specÏ.lI agencies ,1re handling th\: 
prohlem and th(lt, therefore, it is :10 
longer her special concern. 
WIldt is a COil tact? 
A cont(lct is a person who h,ld a 
more or less intimate exposure to tuber- 
culosis infection. If. on examÜ1.ltion, 
some of these individu.tls are found to 
he suffering from the disease they become 
positive cases, and cease to be regarded as 

'()ntalt.;. Thcr('f()rl
. for the purr(,:,e



this discussion a contact shall be said to 
he an individual who has been exposeJ 
to tuherculosis, examined and found to h
free from disease, or to be a suspicious 
case, with not enough evidence to war' 
r,ll1t a diagnosis of tuberculosis. 
Control of Infection 
By this is meant either the remov.ll 
to a hosp
tal or sanatorium of the diseased 
member or members of the family, or 
arranging for such care and isolation thJ.t 
there is no danger of further infection. 
The development of tuberculosis disease 
depends largely on intensity and length 
of exposure to the source of infection. 
Especially is this so in the case of the 
childhood type of disease. If the open 
case is removed. and a normal enviro
ment procured, child contacts will usually 
t.lke care of the infection present, unless 
it is already too massive. when an acute 
tuberculous broncho'pneumonia is usual, 
ly the result. 
Much has been said and written on the 
relationship of adult disease to earli
childhood infection, but it is beginning 
to look as though a well,healed childhouJ 
infection may be innocently carrying the 
hl,lme for later disease while the so,called 
.'breaking down" in adults may be an 
entirely new thing and the result of a 
second exposure to massive infection. 
Therefore, it is important to procure, as 
soon after discovery as possible, a tuber- 
culosis,free environment for all con. 
Until all members of a household haT;e 
been examined we cannot say that the 
source of infection has been removed. 
We may have removed the apparently 
sick individual, but perhaps there is stlll 
left another adult, not yet exhibiting any 
visible s
gns of disease, but quite as dan' 
gerous a disseminator of infection as WIS 
tne known case whom we have admitted 
to sanatorium. Examining contacts of 
known cases is generally conceded to be 
the best means of discovering other eady 
curable cases. This is one of the most 
important functions of a chest clinic. 

Social Aspects 
No plan, either social or health, can 
he made for a tuberculosis contact until 
he has been examined and diagnosed. 
For example, children may be left depen' 
dent orphans through the death of a 
parent from tuberculosis and it is impos' 
sible for the Children's Aid Society t;J 
make any plans for the placing of these 
children until it is known definitely 
whether or not they are diseased. It is 
foolish to institute proceedings for pro' 
curing a mother's allowance pension for 
a woman who has lost her husbanJ 
through tuberculosis without first det
mining whether she herself may not be 
suffering from incipient tuberculosis amI 
therefore unable or unfit to take care of 
her children. 
Correction of Defects 
The examination of a tuberculosis 
contact should be complete, and he 
should be advised of any existing 
curable defects, especially defects or 
other diseases of the upper respiratory 
tract. It is here that the nurse doing 
tuberculosis work co,operates very closely 
with other clinics and health agencie.s 
and especially with nose and throat, 
dental, and medical clinics. Underweight 
in child contacts can often be overcome 
by outlining for the mother a programm
of rest, diet, air, sun, and so forth. B
cause tuberculosis contacts report back 
to the clinic regularly it is possible to 
keep before them the need of treatment, 
and to check up on corrections. We can 
teach our tuberculosis contacts how to 
a void other diseases which would lower 
their resistance. During the course of his 
examination, the physician is able to 
detect the earlier symptoms of other 
diseases, and to encourage the patient to 
procure medical attention. 
W hat Needs to be Done 
One of the first requisites of a suitable 
environment for tuberculosis contacts i3 
that it shall be free of contamination by 
tubercle bacillus. This is assured only 
whcn all contacts have been examineJ, 

VOl. XXX, No. 4 


all open cases removeù or isolated, and 
the premises properly cleaned and disin- 
ft'cteù. After this our efforts are directeJ 
at ralsmg the general standard of 
hcalth, hath physical and mental. COIl- 
ditions which contribuetd to the breaK- 
ing down of one individual in a 
family may remain to hasten the break
down of the contacts who are left. Chief 
of these is a low economic status, with its 
concomitants: worry, poor food, ba3 
housing, and lack of proper recreation. 
It is here that we make full use of appro' 
priate social agencies. 
Sometimes the health of a family is 
heing affected, not by poverty but by 
poor management, and mothers are often 
glad of help in planning meals. If the 
mother has again become pregnant, the 
nurse can do much by encouraging her 
to consult her doctor early, and to make 
use of the services offered by the Vic
torian Order of Nurses and by prenata1 
J.nd other clinics, thus assuring the new 
member of the family at least a fair start 
in the race. 


The mental health of the family c<m b
improved by getting them to take a san
positive attitude toward the disease. It 
is neccssary to keep thcm fully alive to 
the possibilities of tuberculosis, but at 
the same time to foster a healthy desir
to adopt all available means for combat
ting it in the family, and avoiding a 
morbid, fatalistic outlook. 
One negative examination after ex. 
posure to tuberculosis does not warraat 
the discharge of a contact from observa
tion. If this were so, tuberculosis nursing 
would be a simple matter indeed. It is 
not difficult to persuade people who are 
afraid that they may be mfected to come 
for an examination, but it is difficult t.! 
induce them, over a period of years, to 
return again and again for examinations 
of which they may be unable to see th
need and certainly cannot see any imme' 
diate tangible gain or result. Because 
bitter experience has shown us that the 
disease-free contact may break down at 
any time, he must be persuaded to seek 
examination often and regularly. 


Courtesy of the League of Reel Cross Societies. 

With the country on its trial as a promoter 
of tuberculosis, numerous enquiries have 
elicited some singularly interesting facts and 
these have been collected and reviewed by 
the "Office international d'Hygiène publiquc" 
one of whose members, the Polish represen- 
tative on the Council, Dr. W. Chodz;ko, has 
recently submitted a report on this subje\:t. 
His researches deal with many countries be- 
sides Poland and his statistical investigations 
have shown that where agriculture is not 
industrialised, the tuberculosis mortality is 
most high in the country districts. The farmer 
who employs primitive implements and farm- 
ing technique, instead of using machinery 
intelligently. wears out the lungs, mu..c1e

.\PRII. 1Q

sinews of his labourers. Stat!
ti('s also show 
that in rural areas the tuberculosis death-rate 
is particularly high among the younger women 
as compared with their sisters in towns. The 
young country woman is more fertile than 
her town sister, and this increases her liahilitv 
to contract tuberculosis. 
It used to be thought that tuberwlo
is an 
the country and tuberculosis in the towns w J
one and the samc disease. So it is as far as 
the bacillus of tuherculosis itself is con('erncd. 
But its reaction in the body is different. Com- 
parisons made in Poland between a series of 
rural and urban ca."es of tuberculosis have 
!>hown that the disea
e is not only more com- 
mon hut also mOre severe in the COli n tr'V. 

Department of Private Duty Nursing 

CONVENEil or PUBLIC^TIONS: Miss Jean Davidson, Paris. Onto 


N earl y a year ago the policy of the 
Journal with respect to private duty 
nursing was officially outlined under thè 
caption of this Dep
rtment. During the 
past year eleven articles directly related 
to private duty nursing have been pub, 
lished, most of which dealt with the 
economic aspects of private practice. In 
addition, the principal aim of a series of 
editorials now appearing under the title 
of 'The Canadian Scene, is to analy:.
the causes of certain economic maladjust- 
ments in this field. What has been the 
reaction of private duty nurses to the 
efforts made hy the Journal on their be' 
half? It would certainly not be fair to 
say that there has been no response 
whatever. There is evidence that th\.'y 
are doing some serious thinking. But nat 
out loud. 
In the statement of policy referred t') 
.lhove this sentence occurs: 'The Depart' 
ment of Private Duty Nursing in the 
Journal should fulfil a dual function anI 
should serve as an open forum as well {!s 
afford an opportunity for the expression 
of the educational and economic ideals 
of the private duty group. * After a 
silence of eleven months we now presellt 
the first written evidence that private 
nurses really want a Forum .md, as 
usual, the initiative comes from the West. 
A Western Challenge 
"Wauld it be possible for us to have a 
small space in 'The Canadian Nurse to 
publish our little say? We, of the Cal, 
gary private duty section, would like to 
announce, through the Journal, that we 
are very much alive and are enjoying our 
struggle for a mere existence. We con' 
gregate the second Monday of each 
month in the humble home of anyone of 

"'Scc 'The CanadiulJ "Xllr.<c, May, 19B, p. 255 uA 
Stat,ment or Polin .. 


our worthy members, to discuss ways and 
means; to weep upon one another's broa.:!, 
nurse-like shoulders; to exchange funny 
little ideas and learn whether or not 
they are of any value. We listen to our 
visiting speakers with an attentivene
that would surprise you. Yes, and \V
continue to draw up resolutions to be 
presented to the proper authorities, th
town fathers and so on, then we timidly 
put them aside as our retiring natures 
forbid us to force ourselves upon the 
public notice. We eat-and we adjourn. 
Although what goes before might seem 
to contradict, we insist that we turn Ollt 
enthusiastically to our meetings, and have 
accomplished much of importance. 
'''Now, we'd like to know, very mucn, 
who else is alive? Let's hear from you, 
sister private duty groups." 
Hem'en Helps Those . . . 
There will never be any real improvc- 
ment in the conditions of private practice 
until private nurses become more articu, 
late than they are at present and there is 
only one way to gain confidence in eithèr 
writing or puhlic speaking and that is bv 
practice. Of all forms of literary expres- 
sion the writing of letters is the easiest. 
Many people can write an excellent letter 
who become stilted and dull when th
attempt a formal article. Why not take 
pen in h(lnd? Anonymous contributions 
cannot be accepted, but a pen name may 
be used providing the real name an...l 
address are made known to the editor. 
The more violently you disagree with 
points of view set forth in the J ourn.ll 
the better. 
Why not answer the challenging ques- 
tion put by Calgary: who else is alive? 
and prove that you are hy contributing 
to the Forum. 

VOL. xxx, No. I 

The Student Nurses Page 


First- Year Students in the School of Nursihg of St. Mary's Hospital, Montreal. 

Perhaps the most difficult study to 
e from text books is physiology. 
Even after a comprehensive course in the 
subject, first-year nurses find it difficult 
to reconcile theory am.l reality. It is one 
thing to learn that food, in process of 
digestion, passes from the oesophagus 
through the can.liac opening into the 
stomach and thence out again to the duo, 
denum, via the pyloric opening, but actu' 
ally to witness this process in the rabbit 
and dog is a vastly different matter. Mo, 
tion pictures prepared by the Petrolagar 
Laboratories of Chicago were shown re' 
cently to the student nurses of the School 
of Nursing of St. Mary's Hospital, Mont' 
real, and the highly interesting pheno' 
, of physiology were actually de' 
picted on the screen and clarified still 
further hy the explanations of Dr. Mul, 
lally, a member of the medical staff of the 
The first series of pictures showed the 
movements of the alimentary tract in ex' 
perimental animals. Of particular interest 
were the movements of peristalsis and 
anti-peristalsis. These phenomena, which 
had heen explained to us so many times 
and in so many different ways, were once 
,mù for all made clear to us by these pic, 
tures. The second series dealt with the 
influence of drugs on intestinal motIlity. 

To the nurse who is ever "passing medi- 
cines" it was pointed out how careful 
one should be. Acute spasms of contrac- 
tion, brought about by the taking of an 
overdose, were clearly shown. Watching 
the vdrious convolutions of the stomach 
in its gentle peristalsis could not hut fill 
the spectator with admiration and respect 
for so intricate a mechanism. 'J..' e were 
shown the structure of the ahdominal 
wall and then emergency operations on 
the liver and hladùer. This was especially 
interesting to those of us who have not 
as yet had our operating room training. 
Every minute detail of procedure was 
shown, even to the making of the in 
cision and suturing it up. Also an appen- 
dectomy was shown, step hy step, por 
trayed so clearly and followed so logically 
that there was left no feeling of "work- 
ing in the dark," a feeling which should 
not be tolerated but which unfortunately 
sometimes exists. Incisions and sutures, 
hitherto \'
_gucly comprehended, were 
realistically associated with the previously 
aCl-luired knowledge of the anatomy and 
functional activities of the liver and 
hlaùùer. Anù many a wide-eyed enthu- 
siast among the prohationers returned 
lvy-hearteù, the following mornin
. to 
the realities of heù-making anù wllter 


Just a year ago we welcomed the fir
t 01 our 
Studept Cluhs to the pages of the Jour'hd. 
The School of Nursing of the City Ho
of Saskatoon led the way and now we havc 
no less than eight of these up-and-coming 
groups. Here they are: The Saskatoon City 
Hospital; the Ottawa Civic Hospital: thc 
(ìttawa General Hn
pita1: the 
-\PRII, J'H4 

General Hospital: the Royal VH:tori.1 Hos- 
pital. Montreal: the McKellar Ho
pital, Fo:-t 
\Villiam: Saint John General Ho
pital, Saint 
John: Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton. 
\Vhy not form .1 duo in y'our 
chool? If 
ten or more 
tl1dent... from one ..chool su

we olTer a redll("cd r.lte of 
 1 :;n per "Il


Notes from the Nationa I Office 

Contributed by JEAN S. WILSON, Reg. N., Executive Secretary. 

The Telltatire Programme 
The trend of activities of the Canadian 
Nurses Association is revealed in the 
tentative programme of the General 
Meeting which is published on the fol- 
lowing pages. Throughout the detailed 
arrangements for the sessions, there 
appears a continuity of thought which 
has arisen from present conditions in the 
profession as well as from the findings 
and recommendations of the Survey. A 
careful reading of the reports of the 
General Meeting held in 1932* is sug' 
gested as an excellent preparation fùr 
those who attend the meeting this year. 
The sessions are so arranged that ever} 
one can be present all except the business 
meetings of the three national sections 
which are being held concurrently. The 
importance of ascertaining the point (It 
view of physicians and the laity has not 
been overlooked. The medical profession 
will be represented by the Hon. J. 11. 
Robb, Minister of Health of Ontario and 
by Dr. C. P. Lusk of Toronto. As already 
announced, Dr. R. C. Wallace, President 
of the University of Alberta and Dr. Ira 
MacKay, Dean of the Faculty of Arts, 
McGill University, will also deliver 
The Joint Study Committees 
The reports of the progress made by 
the National and Provincial Joint Study 
Committees are well placed under the 
general topic of "Nursing-the present:' 
Before discussion is opened, the meeting 
is to be addressed by Professor H. 1-1. 
Cassidy of the University of Toronto, 
an economist of repute. Now, when even 
the most optimistic acknowledge the un' 
certainty of the coming years, it behoves 
the entire national organi
ation to study 
seriously and plan cautiously, yet daring' 
ly, for future development. 

"'S/'/' 'Tllc Canadian ?{IITSC. Septemher, J932. 


National Projects 
National undertakings, as reflected in 
the reports from special committees, 
indicate the variety and scope of these 
interests. No one can afford to miss the 
session at which these reports are to be 
given. The C.N.A. faces two heavy 
financial responsibilities, both of which 
must receive careful consideration by the 
official delegates in regard to future 
action and support. These are The 
Florence Nightingale Memorial Founda, 
tion as proposed by the InternatiOlul 
Council of Nurses and 'The Canadia^l 
Nurse. The two year experimental 
period under which the Journal is oper' 
ating terminates on December 31, 1934. 
The Business Sessions 
In the interval between general meet- 
ings the business of the C.N.A. becomes 
the responsibility of the Executive Com' 
mittee. It is only once in every two years 
that there is an opportunity for represen, 
tatives of the entire membership to meet 
for' discussion of national problems and 
future policies. Let no one miss the 
business sessions, thus supporting and 
encouraging the Executive Committee, 
the members of which give so freely of 
their ability and time on behalf of the 
Canadian Nurses Association. 
J'ransportation and Hotels 
After careful inquiry concerning the 
validated certificate plan it has been 
decided that the reduced summer rates 
are more advantageous. Special arrange' 
ments for transportation are therefore 
not being made. As previously announced 
in the Journal excellent accommodation 
can be obtained at moderate rates at the 
Royal York Hotel and at other conveni 
endy located hotels. Early reservation 
is advised. Parking accommodation will 
he available adjacent to the convention 

VOL. XXX, No.4 

Royal York Hotel, Toronto. Ontario 
JUNE 25 - 30. 1934 

All sessions will take place at the Royal Yor.... Hotel 



9.30 a.m. Conference of nurse members of 
the Provincial Joint Study Committees 
with the National Joint Study Commit. 
1.30 p.m. Registration. p.m. Section executive committee 
meetings: (a) Nursing Education Se;:. 
tion; (b) Private Duty Section; (c) 
Public Health Section. 
2.30 p.m. Meeting of the Executive Commit. 
tee of the Canadian Nurses Association. 
6.30 p.m. Dinner given in honour of the 
members of the Executive Committee, 
Canadian Nurses Association by the 
Registered Nurses Association of On. 
8.00 p.m. Meeting of the Executive Committee 
of the Canadian Nurses Association. 


General Session, 9.30 a.m. a.m. Registration. a.m. Invocation: The Rt. Rev. 
Bishop Derwyn T. Owen, D.D. 
Reading of minutes. 
Report of Honorary Secretary. 
Report of Honorary Treasurer. 
Report of Executive Secretary. 
Correspondence. a.m. Reports of Standing Com. 
mittees with discussion: 
(a) Publications Committee-Miss Florence 
H. M. Emory. 
(b) Arrangements Committee-Miss Mary 
(c) Programme Committee-Miss Florence 
H. M. Emory. 
Presentation of resolutions from the 
Executive Committee and the Provincial 
Associations. Appointment of resolu. 
tions committee. Appointment of SCrll' 
tineers and instructions regarding ballot. 
Appointment of press representatives. 
Roll call of federated associations . 
Reports of affiliated associations: 
(a) The J nt<"rnational Conncil of Nurses. 
APRil. ]91-1 

(b) The National Council of \\'omen of 
( c) The Canadian Council on Child and 
Family Welfare. 
12.15 p.m. Adjourn to view exhibit'i. 
General Session, 1.45 p.m. p.m. Reports of Special Commit. 
tees with discussion: 
(a) Joint Study Committee Canadian 
Medical Association. and Canadian 
Nurses Association: Mi
s Jean E. Browne. 
(b) National Enrolment: Miss Ruby E. 
(c) Membership Campaign: Miss Mary 
(d) Exchange of Nurses: Miss Jean E. 
(e) History of Nursing: Miss Jean E. 
(f) Interpretation of the Historical Devel. 
opment of Nursing in Canada: Miss Jean 
I. Gunn. 
(g) Mary Agnes Snively Memorial: Miss 
Jean E. Browne. 
(h) Commercial and Professional Exhibit!õ: 
Miss Jean S. Wilson. 
(i) Budget Committee: Miss Margaret 
(j) Co.ordination of nursing education 
interests: Miss Marion Nash. 
(k) Publicity for higher education for 
Nurses: Miss M. F. Hersey. 
(I) Curriculum for nurses in training in 
mental hospitals: Miss N. Fidler. 
(m) Scholarship award. Florence Nightin. 
gale Memorial Foundation: Mi
s Ruby 
E. Hamilton. 
3.15 p.m. Presidential Addre-ss: "Yesterd.\)' 
and Tomorrow:' 
3.35 p.m. Prot:incial Reports with discussion: 
Alberta: Miss Fanny Munroe. 
Briti..h Columbia: Miss Mabel F. Gray. 
Manitoba: Mi
s Mildred M. Reid. 
New Brunswick: Miss Alena J. MacMa..ter 
Nova Scotia: Miss Anne Slattery. 
Ontario: Miss Marjorie Buck. 
Prince Edward Island: Mi<;s Lillian Pill 
Quchec: \1i

 C'aro1ir1(' V TIarn'tf 




 Miss Edith Amas. 
4.30 p.m. The Registered Nurses Association 
of Ontario will be hostesses at a tea to 
he given at the Royal York Hotel. 

General Session, 8 p.m. 
(open to the public) 
Chairman; Miss Marjorie Buck, President, 
Registered Nurses Association of Ontario. 
Addresses of Welcome: 
Hon. George S. Henry, Premier of the 
Province of Ontario; His Worship, the 
Mayor of Toronto, Mr. William J. Stew' 
art; F. C. Neal, M.D., President ,On' 
tario Medical Association; Miss Mar' 
jorie Buck, President, Registered Nurses 
ociation of Ontario. 
Response to addresses of welcome: Miss 
Florence H. M. Emory, President, Cana' 
dian Nurses Association. 
Address: Dr. Robert C. Wallace, President, 
U ni\'ersity of Alberta. 


General Session, 9.30 a.m. Nursing: The 
9,30' 10. 30 a.m. Reports of Provincial Joint 
Stud" Committees: 
; Miss Margaret S. Fraser. 
British Columbia: Miss Grace M. Fairley. 
Manitoba: Miss Kathleen W. Ellis. 
New Brunswick: Miss Margaret Murdoch. 
Nova Scotia: Miss Anne Slattery. 
Ontario: Miss Mary Millman. 
Prince Edward Island: Miss Anna Mair. 
Quebec: Miss Caroline V. Barrett. 
Saskatchewan: Miss Ruby M. Simpson. 
10.30,11.00 a.m. Address: H. M. Cassidy, 
Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Social 
Science, Uni\'ersity of Toronto. 
11.00,12.00 a.m. Discussion 
12.00 12.15 p.m. Summary of discussion and 
þresentatlOn of resolutions: Miss Jean 
E. Browne, secretary, National Jobt 
Study Committee. 
12.15 p.m. Adjourn to view exhibits. 
General Session, 2 p.m. Nursing: The Future 
2.00,3.00 p.m. A symposium: The future of 
nursing as seen by: 
A public health nurse: Miss Elizabeth L. 
Smellie, C.B.E., Chief Superintendent, 
Victorian Order of Nurses for Canada. 
A private duty nurse: Miss Mabel Mc, 
Mullen, St. Stephen, N.B. 
A nurse educator: Miss Ethel Johns, editor 
and business manager, crhe Canadian 

3.0U'4.15 p.m. Discussion led by: 
Miss Margaret L. Moag, Chairman, Public 
Health Section, Canadian Nurses Asso, 
ciation, and Superintendent of Victori.lI1 
Order of Nurses, Montreal. 
Miss Isabel M. Macintosh, Chairman, 
Private Duty Section, Canadian Nur
Miss Marion Lindeburgh, Assistant Director, 
School for Graduate Nurses, McGill 
4.15'4.30 p.m. A summary of discussion and 
presentation of resolutions; Miss Ruby 
M. Simpson, O.B.E., director of Nursing 
Services, Provincial Department of 
Health, Saskatchewan. 
4.30 p.m. Adjourn to view exhibits. 

General Session, 7.00 p.m. 
7.00 p.m. A dinner commemorating the 
twenty,fifth anniversary of the founding 
of the Canadian Nurses Association. 
Greetings will be extended by; 
The Hon. and Rev. H. J. Cody, President, 
University of Toronto. 
Certain fraternal delegates. 
11rs. Brent Goodson, Charter Member, 
Canadian Nurses Association. 
Address: Dr. Ira Mackay, Dean of the 
Faculty of Arts, McGill University. 


General Session, 9.00 a.m. 
9.00,9.45 a.m. Report of the Editor and Busi, 
ness Manager of 'The Canadian Nurse? 
Recommendations of the Executive Com' 
mittee regarding future policy. 
9.45'10.30 a.m. Discussion. 
10.30' 11.15 a.m. The Florence Nightingale 
Memorial Foundation. 
(a) 'TIle national point of view: Miss Grace 
M. Fairley, Vancouver, Convenor of 
the Florence Nightingale Memorial 
Foundation, Canadian Nurses Associa' 
(b) 'The provincial point of view: Miss 
Cory Taylor, Winnipeg, Convenor of 
the Florence Nightingale Committee, 
Manitoba Registered Nurses Association. 
11.15, 12.15 a.m. Discussion. introduced by 
Miss Jean I. Gunn, member, Interna, 
tional Committee, Florence Nightingale 
Memorial Foundation. 
12.15'12.30 A summary of discussion and pre' 
sentation of related resolutions: Miss M. 
K. Holt. Montreal, member, Florence 
VOL. xxx, No. 4 


lghtIngale Memorial C01Unuttee, C,ma- 
dian Nurses Association. 
12.30. Adjourn to view exhibits. 

Concurrent meetings of the three National 
Sections, 2.00 p.m. 
Nursing Education Section 
Chairman: Miss Grace M. Fairley. 
2.00-3.15 p.m. Reading of minutes. 
Chairman's address. 
Report of secretary. 
Report of treasurer. 
Reports of committees. 
Reports of Provincial Committees on N,u,-s- 
ing Education: 
.'\lberta: Miss J. Connal. 
British Columbia: Miss L. Mitchell. 
Manitoba: Rev. Sister St. Albert. 
New Brunswick: Rev. Sister Corinne 
Nova Scotia: Mrs. Murray MacKay. 
Ontario: 1v1iss S. M. Jamieson. 
Prince Edward Island: Miss M. Lavers. 
Quebec: Miss Martha Batson. 
Saskatchewan: Miss G. M. Watson. 
Appointment of Resolutions Committee. 
Appointment of Scrutineers. 
Election of Officers. 
3.15,4.15 p.m. Round Table Conference: 
Questions submitted by the National 
Committee on Curriculum and the prov, 
Incial Nursing Education Sections regard, 
(a) Postgraduate and staff education; 
(b) Making the clinical experience of the 
student of greater educational value; 
(c) Importance and value of mental hy' 
giene and psychiatry in the undergradu, 
ate course. 

.15-4.30 p.m. Unfinished a.nd new business. 

Private Duty Nursing Section 
Chairman: Miss Isabel MacIntosh. 
2.00'3.00 p.m. Reading of minutes. 
Chairman's address. 
Report of secretary-treasurer. 
Roll call of members by provinces. 
Report of pub1ications committee: M!ss 
Jean Davidson. 
Report of nominations committee: Mrs. 
Rose Hess. 
Report of exhibit.. committee: Miss Francl's 
:\rpointment of re..olutions (ommittee: 

APRIL, 1934 


Reports from Pnt'üte Duty Comnllttees of 
the Provincial Associations: 
Albertd: MIss Jean Clow. 
British Columbia; Miss M. Mirfield. 
Manitoba: Miss K. McCallum. 
New Brunswick: Miss Mabel McMullen. 
Nova Scotia; Miss Christine MacLeod. 
Ontario; Miss Clara Brown. 
Prince Edward Island: MIss M. Gamble. 
Quebec: MISS Christine \Vatling. 
Saskatchewan: Miss M. R. Chisholm. 
3.00-3.45 p.m. Round Table Conference: 
Topic: Eight Hour Duty, discussion led 
by Miss M. 11irfield. 
3.45-4.30 p.m. Address: Miss E. Johns. dis- 
cussion led by Miss Helen Buhler, Ha- 
Election of officers 
Unfinished business. 

Public Health Nursing Section 
Chairman: Miss Margaret Moag. 
2.00'3.15 p.m. Reading of minutes. 
Chairman's address. 
Report of secretary. 
Report of treasurer. 
Reports of committees. 
Reports of Provincial Committees on Public 
Alberta: Miss Blanche A. Emerson. 
Bntish Columbia: Miss M. Duffield. 
Manitoba: Miss E. McKelvey. 
New Brunswick: Miss A. Burns. 
Nova Scotia: Miss A. Edith Fenton. 
Ontdrio: Mrs. Agnes Haygarth. 
Prince Edward Island: Miss Ina Gillan. 
Quebec: Miss Christine Dowling. 
Saskatchewan: Mrs. E. M. Feeney. 
Appointment of resolutions commIttee. 
Appointment of scrutineers. 
3.15'3.45 p.m. Address: "New Frontiers In 
Public Health Nursing", Miss Sybil H. 
Pease, supervisor of Menta.l Hygiene, 
East Harlem Nursing and Health Service, 
New York City. 
3.45-4.30 p.m. General di
4.30 p.m. A drive through the city with high 
tea at the Children's Convale
cent Hos- 
pital, Thistletown, as the guests of the 
BOdnl of Directors of the H0"pit.ll (<II 
Sid. Children. Torontll 




General Session, 9.30 a.m. 
9.30- 10.30 a.m. Report of the Curriculum 
Committee of the Nursing Education 
Section of the Canadian Nurses Associa- 
tion: Miss Marion Lindeburgh. Discus- 
sion of future policies regarding thii 
committee's work. 
10.30-12.30 Discussion led by a repïesen- 
tative of each of the three sections of the 
Canadian Nurses Association: 
(a) The selection of students: Miss M. 
Blanche Anderson, instructor, School for 
Nurses, Civic Hospital, Ottawa. 
(b) The possibilities of introducing health 
teaching into the basic course: Miss Ethel 
Cryderman, supervisor, Victorian Order 
of Nurses for Canada. 
(c) The teaching of nursing theory and 
practice in preparing the nurse for ser- 
vice in the home and the community: 
Miss Ruth Tallman, Hamilton. 
12.00- 12.15 Summary of discussion and 
presentation of related resolutions: Miss 
Eileen Flanagan, Royal Victoria Hospital, 
Montreal, member of the Curriculum 
Committee, Canadian Nurses Association, 
Nursing Education Section. 
12.15 Adjourn to view exhibits. 

General Session, 2 p.m. Nursing: The 
2.00-3.00 p.m. A symposium On modifications 
in nursing service toward which we 
should aim: 

(a) The Nurse: Miss Jean I. Gunn, supa- 
intendent, School for Nurses, Toronto 
General Hospital. 
(b) The Physician: Dr. C. P. Lusk, To- 
(c) The Government Official: Dr. J. M. 
Robb, Minister of Health ,Ontario. 
3.00-4.15 p.m. Discussion. 
4.15-4.30 p.m. Summary of discussion and 
presentation of resolutions: Miss E. Kath- 
leen Russell, director, School of Nursing, 
University of Toronto. 
4.30 p.m. Garden Party. Hostesses: The 
Registered Nurses of Toronto. 
General Session, 8.30 p.m. Nursing: The 
8.30 p.m. A pageant interpreting the his- 
torical development of nursing in Canada. 


General Session, 9.30 a.m. 
9.30-10.15 a.m. Reports of Sections: Actit." 
ities 1932-1934 and findings of the ses- 
Nursing Education: Miss Grace M. Fairley. 
Private Duty: Miss Isabel Macintosh. 
Public Health: Miss Margaret Moag. 
10.15-10.30 a.m. Report of resolutions com- 
10.30-11.30 a.m. Unfinished business and 
new business. 
11.30- 12.00 Election of officers. 
2.00-4.00 p.m. Meeting of the Executive CO!Jl- 
mittee of the Canadian Nurses Associa- 


Except where mdicated, rooms with bath are quoted, also the rate given for double rooms 
is per person (S.-single room; D.-double room). 
Royal York Hotel: S., $3.50; D., $3.00. 
King Edward Hotel: S., $2.50, $3.00, $3.50; D., $2.00, $2.50, $3.00. 
Westminster Hotel: 210 Jarvis Street: S., $2.50; D., $2.00 (European plan, tea room and 
dining room in connection). 
Hotel \Vaverley: 488 Spadina Avenue: S., $2.50, $3.00, Or with hot and cold water onîy, 
$2.00; D., $2.00, $2.50, $3.00, Or with hot and cold water only, $1.50, $1.75. 
Y.W.C.A.: 76 Pembroke Street and 18 Elm Street: Bed and breakfast, $1.00, $1.50; 
Room and meals, $1.50, $2.00. 
Those wishing to arrange for convent accommodation should write to Rev. Sister Superior, 
St. Michael's Ho
pital, Bond Street, Toronto. 

VOL. XXX, No. 4 



Nev.s item
 intended for publication in the ensuing wue must reach the Journal not later than the eighth of the 
precedmg month. In order to ensure accuracy all contributioN should be typewritten and double-.paced. 

CALGARY: The regular meeting of the Cal- 
gary Association of Graduate Nurses was held 
on Feb. 20, the president, Miss P. Gilbert, 
in the chair. Dr. W. H. McGuffin, radiologi'it, 
gave an interesting lecture on malignant 
disease, particularly those forms which attack 
the skin and mouth. He emphasi
ed the 
importance of the missionary work which 
nurses can do in helping to educate the public 
to the necessity of a periodical medical exam- 
inatoin by their family physician. A letter 
was read from Miss E. McPhedran, Alberta 
representative of the A.A.R.N. to the 
National Committee on the Florence Nightin- 
gale Memorial Fund and a grant of $10.00 
was voted. Miss M. Watt was appointed to 
represent the C.A.G.N. on the provincial com- 
mittee, of which Miss McPhedran is chairman. 
LETHBRIDGE: The annual meeting of the 
Lethbridge Graduate Nurses Association was 
held on Feb. 12, seventeen members being 
present. . A resolution to amend the by-laws 
was passed to the effect that: "Fees for regis- 
tration of the private duty nurse be reduced 
to $4.00 for the year 1934, payable half year- 
ly. It is necessary that this fee be paid before 
a nurse is allowed on the registry:' Election 
of officers for 1934 resulted as follows: Miss 
Jean MacKenÚe was re-elected president. 
Miss J. Brodie was elected vice-president: 
Miss B. Clark, secretary, and Miss H. David- 
son as treasurer. Mi
s A. M. Tilley acted a ç 

VANCOUVER: The annual meeting of the 
GrJ.duate Nurses Association of British Co- 
lumbia tJ.kes place on April 2 and 3 at New 
Westminster. The afternoon of the first day 
will be devoted to the transaction of business 
and the hearing of reports. An address en- 
titled "\Vhat is happening to family life?" 
will be given by Dr. W. G. Topping of the 
depJ.rtment of economics and sociology in t
Univen,ity of British Columbia. Afternoan 
tea will be served by the Graduate Nurses 
Açsociation of New Westminster. In the 
evening Miss M. 1. Bollert, Dean of Wom
in the University of British Columbia ,will he 
the guest speaker. On the second day a panel 
discussion has been arranged of which Mi
Margaret Kerr will be chairman. At the 
evening mceting, Dr. H. T. J. Coleman, head 
of the department of philosophy in the Uni- 
\'ersity of British Columbia will speak 
"Education as a factor in a d\anging world:' 
APRil, tq34 

BRANDON: The Brandon GraduJ.te Nurse" 
Association held their monthly meeting c. n 
Feb. 6, thirty eight being present. The private 
duty section were in charge of the meeting 
and Mrs. Fletcher, the delegate to the annual 
meeting of the Manitoba Association of Regis- 
tered Nurses, gave a concise report. Rev. Mr. 
Garden, the guest speaker, made a trip 
through Canada's beauty spots most interest- 
ST. BONIFACE: St. Boniface Hospital 
Nurses Alumnae Association held their 
monthly meeting on Feb. 14. Reports from 
the various sections were read after which 
Miss' Ellen Banks gave a paper on "New 
Treatment of Burns." This proved bo:h 
interesting and instructive. The meeting wa,.. 
well attended. Miss Parenteau (St. B. H.. 
1929), and Miss Emma Kuneman (St. B. H. 
1929), are at present on the staff at St. 
Boniface Hospital. 
WINNIPEG: Miss Cory Taylor, provincial 
convener in Manitoba, of the Florence Night- 
ingale International Memorial, has been the 
guest, during the past month, of the various 
Alumnae Associations in Winnipeg at their 
monthly meetings. The object of Miss Taylor's 
visits was to give a very interesting talk 
describing in full the objectiHs of the Flo- 
rence Nightingale International Memorial. \Vc 
are grateful to Miss Taylor for helping U
as we all intend to do our share. 
\VINNIPEG: The Alumnae l\
sociation of 
the school of nursing of the Mi,..ericordia Ho<;- 
pital held their monthly meeting on M,uch 
.5 when we had the plea!ooure of being the firçt 
\Vinnipeg Alumnae Association to have a
their guest speakers Mi
s Cory Taylor, con- 
venor, and MIss Emily Parker, a repre!-en- 
tative of the Manitoba committee, wf:o 
described the Florence Nightingdle Inter- 
national Foundation which IS to be a living 
monument to our great leader. There wa
much enthusiasm among our nur!ooes and we 
will try to do our part to help it
fRLlH:RICTON: The graduate nurses ot 
V ictoria Public HospitJ.l held their tenth 
Alumnae dinner on Feb. 16, when twenty- 
eight meJ1lber
 were pre!-cnt .IS well as cleven 
student nur
, compri!-ing this year's gradu- 
.Iting c1J.,..,.., who were gue..t
 of the As
tion. The gue
b were received by Mr!- 
Tr.dforJ Donuvdn and Mr!-. J. T. Ma"or 
'ted .1' tn.,..t m,, ". :\ tclcgr.lI\1 of gwd 




wishes WdS recei\-ed from Miss V. Winslow. 
superintendent of the Children's, 
Halifax, who organi
ed the Alumnae Asso, 
ciation when she was superintendent of the 
hospital in Fredericton ten years ago. 
SAI"T JOHN :The Saint John Chapter of 
the N.B.A.R.N. met recently, with Miss A. 
i\.. Burns in the chair and there was a large 
attendance. Mrs. J. H. Vaughan and Mis" 
Charlotte Hume were appointed to the audit, 
ing committee. The dppointment of Miss 
Marion Myers to the Provincial Committee óf 
Nursing Education was made. Miss Ha
Rcicker, chairman of the Registry Committee, 
exhibited the Card ex System to be used at 
the local registry. Dr. Geo. M. White 
addressed the meeting. An interesting address 
on the course in public health nursing, which 
she attended at Columbia University, wa:: 
given by Miss H. Dykeman, director of publi.: 
health nursing services for New Brunswick, 
at a meeting of the public health section of 
the Saint John Chapter N.B.A.R.N., with 
Miss M. Wallace presiding. The senior C],lSS 
of the training school S.J.G.H. entertained 
at an enjoyable dance on Feb. 13, with Miss 
I. Williams as convenor. Miss Murdoch and 
MIss Myers received the guests. 
MARRIED: In February, 1934, Miss Edith 
Powers (St. Joseph's Hospital), to Dr. Per!"v 
Knox, at the Bishop's Palace, Saint John. 
WOODSTOCK: The rcgular meeting of the 
Alumnae Association of the school of nursing 
of the 1. P. Fisher Memorial Hospital was 
held on Feb. 20. Regular business was tram' 


CHATHAM: A delightful evcning wa:, spent 
.It St. Joseph's Hospital, Chatham, when Miss 
Pri:,cilla Campbell, superintendent, Public 
General Hospital, Chatham, gave a report 0'1 
her trip abroad. 
MARRIED: On Jan. 3, 1934. at Jeanctt
Creek, Miss Blanche Ouellette (St. J. H.), to 
Mr. Joseph Y .t
beck, of Thamesville. 
LONDOK: The regular meeting of the 0:\, 
t.trio Hospital Alumnae A
sociation was held 
on Feb. 8, when four new members w
enrolled. It was decided to have the announcc' 
ment of the Association appear in the offici 11 
directory ot The Canadian Nurse .1I1d ten 
dollars W.lS \'oted for this purposc. A special 
meeting was called on Feb. 12, to arange 
about a donation to the Florence Nightingale 
fund. It was decidcd to send this throu:,{h 
the committee of which Mi
:, Ruby Hamilt.)n 
of Toronto i:- convenor. The nursing st,i1T 
of the Ontariu Ho::pit.d. held .l delightful 

party in honour of Miss Catherine Cotter who 
IS retiring after thlrty'two years' service on 
the nurslllg statl. The guest of honour was 
presented with a sterling silver brm:h, comb 
and mirror, Misses Stapleton and Kennedy 
making the presentation. Miss Mary L. 
Jacobs and Mrs. E. J. Kitchen presided at an 
attractive tea table decorated in the school 
colours, Mi
::es N. \Villiams, A Fit
and 1. Lindsay assisting. 
LONDON: The eight,hour nur
ing day is 
being tricd uut in London for registered 
nurses on private duty in hospitals and in 
homes. It will now be possible to have two 
nurses in place of one, or three in place of 
two at a reduced rate. The new rate is $3.00 
for eight hours of $9.00 for twenty' four hours. 
By the twelve,hour schedule, the full ddY 
is divided into two, instead of three shifts, 
at a rate of $5.00 per twelve hours on $10.00 
for twenty,four hours and only two instead 
of three nurses employed. A more c\'en dis' 
tribution of work among the nurses is what 
is being aimed at. Since three will be em' 
ployed at a cost of $1.00 less than was for' 
mally paid for two, it seems probable that 
people who need nursing service will approve 
of the plan, and nurses on eight,hour duty 
can gi\ e a better service especially if the 
casc is a heavy one. This schedule covers 
general mcdical and surgical cases. 
LONDON: Miss Jean McNaughton (Vic, 
toria HospItal, 193 2). and a graduate of the 
University of \\' estern Ontario public health 
nursing course, has been appomted to the 
public health stat! in Sarnia. 

BRAKTFORD: The regular meeting of the 
:\lumnae Association of the Brantford Gen' 
eral Hospital was held March 6, with the 
president. Miss K. Charnley, presiding. Mis,; 
A. Bmgeman, chairman of Districts 2 and 3, 
R.N.A.O., was the guest speaker and ad, 
dressed the meeting in regard to R.N.A.O. 
membership. Mr. A. M. Harley gave an 
interesting addre"" on current events at a 
recent supper meeting of the staff conference 
.It the Brantford General Hospital. Ml,,
Margaret Gillespie leaves shortly on a Medi, 
terranean cruise. She is sailing on the S. S. 
Aq uitania. Miss Dorothy Franklin (class 
1932 B.G.H.) has accepted a position ao; 
general duty nurse at the Stephenson Memo' 
rial Hospital, Alliston, ant. 
GALT: The winter meeting of Districts 2 
and 3 WdS held in Galt, on Feb. 7, about one 
hundrcd nurses bein!! present. lvliss A. Bing.
man of Freeport. prcsident of the local dis' 
tricts. W.I:- in the chair .md Miss S. Mitchell, 
pn:siòcnt of the Galt Alumnae Associc.ltion, 
VOL. XXX, No. 4 


welcomed the gue
. Dr. J. McQueen wel- 
comed the guests on behalf of the medical 
tetaff and Dr. Doyle of the Ontariu Hospit:ll, 
Hamilton, who was one of the guest speakers, 
gave a very interesting talk on the wurk of 
the mental clinics throughout the province. 
Dr. Ward Woolner, of Ayr, spoke on the 
value of organi
ation, and stressed the im' 
portance of nurses being members of such 
an organi
ation as the R.N.A.O. Mi
s E. 
McKim, superintendent of the new Ontario 
Training School for girls in Waterloo County, 
,mother interesting speaker, gave an outline 
of the work being accomplished among the 
girls in this school. Miss S. Post, R.N., of 
Galt, sang several delightful solos. It was 
decided that the next meeting will be held 
in the early part of June at the Homewo!IJ 
Sanitarium, Guelph, at the kind invitation of 
Miss Northmore. High tea was served by the 
Galt Nurses' Alumnae Association. 
GUELPH: At the February meeting of the 
Guelph Hospital Alumnae Association, PlU' 
fessor McLean of the English Department of 
the Ontario Agricultural College, gave a mo!'t 
interesting address on "Pepys' Diar'y," 
GUELPH: The Alumnae Association of 
St. Joseph's Hospital held a successful dance 
recently. At the January meeting of the 
.'\Iumnae Association the election of officers 
for the year took place. 
HA '-ilL TON: The annual meeting of Dis- 
trict 4, R.N.A.O. \Vas held on Feb. 17, with 
Miss C. Brewster, chairman, presiding. 
good attendance from Hamilton and vicinitv 
and from St. Catharlnes, marked the intere
taken in the activities of the Association 
which were reported on by the various com: 
mittees and groups. Membership for the ye;lI 
] 933 totalled four hundred and sixty-four. 
A balance in the treasury of $255.58 was 

hown, and the sum contributed to the per- 
manent education fund $159.75. The public 
health group reported h,wing had d course 
of lectures on mental hygiene by Dr. Mont- 
gomery of the Ontario Huspital, H,unilton: 
.tlso a mdternity in
titute conducted by Miss 
E. Cryderman, of the Victorian Order ûf 
Nurse!'. The private duty nur
e1> have formed 
a group, within the district, for the purpose 
of studying the problems confronting 
private duty nur1>e dnd their po
sible remedy. 
The spedker of the evening was Mi

 C. Ethel 
Greenwood who!>e addrete
 on the International 
Congress of Nurses proved intere<;t1l1g and 
,Imusing. Officers dected for 1934 were a.... 
follow..: Chairman' Mi..... (' E Brew
H,unilton: Vlce,CIILl1Ymûn: MI
'" M. Pdrk, 
Niagar'l f,tlh-: SeL"TftaT\',TYf(/
r''. Nor' 
APRIl, }9H 


JIldn Barlow, Hamilton; CounCillors: Miss .'\. 
\\'right, St. Catharines; Miss J. Allen, Niag;u-a 
falls; Mites E. Smith, Welldnd; Miss A. Schie- 
fele, Miss M. 1. Sutherland, Miss F. Nichúl 
son, Hamilton; Nurse Education: Miss E 
Chisholm; Public Health: MIss A. Boyd: 
Private Du.ty: Miss E. Moran. A pleasant 
social hour was spent when Miss Jean Souter 
and Miss Janet Murray presided at the tea 

TORUNTU: On Feb. 16, a JU\l1t meeting of 
the Public Hedlth N llJ'sing Alumnae, and the 
Hospital Teachers and Administrators Alum- 
nae was held at the School of Nursing, 
Toronto Uni\Crsity. As the amalgamation of 
the two associations had been heartily en- 
dorsed at the last general meeting of the 
individual groups, the main business of the 
meeting was the reading and adoption of the 
new constitution. The new association will 
be known as the Alumnae A
::,ociation of the 
School of Nursing, University of Toronto. 
and the executives of the former assocÏdtions 
are to carryon, sharing responsibilities until 
the next annUdl meeting in June. A letter 
from Miss Ruby Hamilton, com'enor of the 
ProvinciJ.l Flo:-ence Nightingale MemoriJ.l 
Committee was read and ten dollars wa<; voted 
as this yeM's contribution. A pledsant sociJ.I 
hour was spent and refre!'hments were serv
TORUNTO: Professur G. D. Glaxebrook, of 
the University of Toronto, addressed th.' 
members of the Community Health A::,
tion of Greater Toronto, at a meeting helJ 
on Feb. 13, on "The Political Situation in 
Europe:' Miss Laura Gamble presided. .'\ 
bridge of about seventy tJ.blcs wa!' held on 
March 3, under the auspices of the A......oci I- 
tion. Group
 from n1dny of the ho
nursing organi
ations, as well J.
 their friend.... 
were present. 
TORONTO: l\1i:>:. E!i:?:J.beth SmeIlIl', C.B.E.. 
R.R.C., was the gue;;t of honour at the dnnuJ.l 
dinner meeting on March 6, of the 
council, Toronto Branch, Victori,1I1 Order of 
Nurses for CanadJ.. Mi:-
 Edith C dmpbdl. 
M.M., R.R.C.. Wd::, also a guest. Mi
s SpedI" 
ing', of the \\' eston Br,\I1ch, together with 
 Ferguli;on, Mi
s Webb, MI:-" Llwli;on and 
s Hopper of the York Town
hip Branc!l. 
joined with the Toronto staff who wen 
present en ma
se, with the exception of tholi;c 
on the ...i\.k li
t or 011 night dury. The table. 
arranged a
 a thrce-
quare. W,I:- g,IY 
with yello\V and hlue "pring flowers :md 
individu.11 c.lI1dy l-1a
 tndde l-1y ,I pJ.tient. 
e were of hlue crepe p,tpcr with a white 
!'tor1-. f cdthcr
 ,lIld ,111, with .1 
mall nak,.t/ 
hahv per("hed ,'1 tllp (It the l.lnch. nth, r 



pretty fd\'uurs wert: in the furm uf papt:r 
book marks of pale pink with a baby's 
head and the letters V.O.N. interlaced 
in hlack and gilt. These were made by an 
art student, the sister of one of the sta!f. 
Because Miss Smellie has !'u many childr.:n 
that she might get them mixed, Miss Mc' 
Namara, the chairman, asked each staff mem' 
ber to introduce the persun on her right. 
This was done by reading absurd rhymes 
which had been prepared by the poets of 
the hranch. Miss McNamara, in proposing 
a toast to Miss Smellie, expressed the delight 
,md satisfaction each member of the Council 
cuntinued to feel in connection with the 
hunour conferred upon her chief by His 
Majesty the King. Mi
s Smellie, in replying. 
said she had experien.:ed great pleasure in 
that the work of the Order throughout 
Canada had been recognhed in the person of 
its Chief Superintendent, and told amusing 
anecdotes incident to the announcement ()f 
the award. Brief reports of the activities .Jf 
the Council for the year were presented and 
the foHowing officers for 1934,1935 were 
elected: President: Miss Kdthleen McNamara; 
Vice' President: Miss Grace Milne; Secretar)': 
Miss Grace Cameron; Treasurer: Miss Steven' 

on; Convenor Social Committee: Miss Gr
MARRIED: In November, 1933, Miss Doris 
Bailey (H.S.C., 1929), to Mr. Chisholm, of 
MARRIED: In January, 1934, Miss Ruth 
Hillock (H.S.C., 1931), tu Mr. Nuyes, of 
Oneida, N.Y. 
Pt.TERBOROUGH: Chapter C. of District 
6, R.0i.A.O., held its annual meeting un Jan. 
30. Miss Fanny Dixon was re,elected chair' 
IIldn; Mrs. E. M. Leeson, vice'chalrman; and 
Miss A. Price, secretary'treasurer. Dr. G. 
Stewart Cameron gave a very interesting- 
address on "Future trends in nursing." 
PETfRBOROCGIi: The Nicholls Hospital 
Alumnae Assuciation, under the direction of 
Miss 1-1dble Watson, social convenor, recently 
held a successful bridge party, the proceeds 
of which were used for relief purposes. 

TON: The annual meeting of tht: 
Kingston Gener,ll Hospital Alumnae Associa' 
tion was held in February, with eighty mem- 
hers pre1>cnt. The assuciation voted ten 
dollars tu the Florence Nightingale Memorial 
Fund, this sum tu be given annually for a 
number of years. The following officers were 
elected for the ensuing year: Honoraïy 
Preside'll: Mi
.; L. D. j\cton; President: Miss 

A. Baillie; Vice' PresIdent: Mi
s F. Smart; 
Secretary: Miss V. MacMartin; 'T reasv:rcr: 
Mrs. C. W. Mallory; Private Duty Section: 
Miss B. Howes; Flower Committee: Mrs. S. 
Smith; Press Re þresentative: Miss E. Sharp. 
:A number of graduate nurses 
and other friends gave a tea at the Kingston 
General Hospital on March 1, in honour of 
Miss E. Leeder, who has retired after acting 
for the past twenty,three years as Victoria;} 
Order nurse in Kingston. Much praise was 
given Miss Leeder for the splendid work she 
has done for the Order and for her co' 
operation with the K.G .H. As a token of 
appreciation she was presented with a bouquet 
of spring flowers. Mrs. R. F. Armstrong 
presided at the tea table and Miss Baillie and 
Miss O. \Vilson assisted. 

OTTAWA: The annual meeting of District 
8, R.N.A.O. was held on Feb. 9, with an 
attendance of about three hundred. Reports 
from the different sections were read and a 
motion picture on spinal anaesthesia, unda 
the direction of Dr. Mirsky and shown by 
Mr. J. R. Booth, proved interesting and 
1I1structive. The evening session took the for'11 
of an open meeting when Miss Ethel Johns, 
editor of 'The Canadian Nurse, was the guest 
speaker. Delightful solos were sung by Mrs. 
Robert Jefferson, accompanied by Miss Mur- 
phy. A hearty vote of thanks was tendered 
the retiring chairman, Miss Percy, by Mi
Jean Church. The following officers were 
ele.:ted for 1934: Chairman: Miss Blanche 
Anderson; Vice,Chairman: Miss Jean Church: 
Secretary: Miss A. G. Tanner; 'Treasurer: Miss 
MJ.ry Acland; Councillors: Misses G. Clarke, 
A. Ebbs, Christine Murray, Mary Slinn, Mary 
Graham and E. C. McIlraith. 
OTTAWA: The annual dinner dnd bridl
pJ.rty of the Lady Stanley Institute Alumn,te 
Association took place on Feb. 22, when the 
members were received by the president, Mi
Jean Blyth, and by Mrs. W. C. Elmitt con- 
venor of arrangements for this happy event. 
More than fifty members were present, 1lldny 
coming to Ottawa specially for the occasion. 
Greetings were read from Alberta, Illinoi
and India. The tahles were centred with 
spring tlowers and pink tapers in silver can' 
OTTAWA: A very successful tea, munev 
shower and musicale was held on Feb. 10, 
by the student nurses of the Ottawa General 
rital. The proceeds will be voted to the . 
general fund of the organi:;dtion. The guests 
were received by Rev. Sister Flavie Domitille, 
superintendent of nurses, and by Sister Madc' 
lei ne of Jesus, in:'tructor of n lIrses, Mis

VOL. XXX, No. 4 


Frances Baxter, president of the ,wdent nurse:, 
association, and MISS Greta Nagle, vi\:e, 
MARRIED: Miss Az.eta Whelan (O.G.H., 
193:'.), to Mr. Leonard Leclair, of Ottawa. 

MOlliTREAL: We are glad to report that 
òue to the modern treatment of fracture
Miss M. K. Holt who suffered a Potts fractu!
on February 6, was walking in two weeks, 
and although still in a cast, was in her office 
for a short time at the end of the third week. 
Miss Evelyn Horsfall (M.G.H., 1925), ha" 
recently accepted a position as X,Ray Tech, 
nician at the Montreal Children's Hospital. 
Miss Rosamond Lamb (M.G.H., 1933). who 
has recently accepted a positiun on the operat' 
ing room staff at the W estern Divi
ion, is at 
present relieving in the operating room at 
St. Mary's Hospital. Miss M. ]. Almond 
(M.G.H., 1933), has been appointed to tpe 
staff of the We5tern Division. The following 
M.G.H. graduates have recently completed a 
four months' internship course, including e},.' 
perience in various wards and department" 
of the hospital: the 
isses Margdret Camp' 
bell (1929), Charlotte Jack"on (1933). 1.f. 
J. Almond (1933), Helen Hamilton (1933). 
N. Siddons,Gray (1933), Conradine Fit:, 
Gerald (1933), Irene Mo Gilbert (1933), 
Jean Harvey (193:'). 
MOKTREAL: The monthly meeting of the 
Alumnae Association of the Royal Victorid 
Hospital held on Feb. 14, was very I argeiv 
attended. Professor E. G. D. Murray, Depart' 
ment of Bacteriolog'y. McGill Uni\Oersity, gave 
a most instructive dddres..; on "Stdphylucuccu" 
infection, dnd the use of serum," At the 
March meeting, Miss Mabel Clint (R.V.H. 
1910). read n,cerpts from her book e ntit!ed 
"Our Bit"", which i
 to be published in the 
near future. 
MOXTRl:AL: Gre.,t intcröt is bC1I1g di..- 
played in the effurts being made to rdi
e funJ., 
in suppurt of the McGill Schuul for Graduate 
N urse5. A dance will t.Jke place at the Rtt:: 
Carlton Hutd un :\pril 18, which i

sponsored by the younger grdduates of th-:: 
school and has received hearty support from 
the student nurses in the vdriuu!> schools of 
nursing in Muntreal. In addition, two bridge 
Pdlties have been arranged, une to be held on 
the afternuun of April 19 and une un the 
cvenin,!; uf the ....lInc Ò.lY, buth dt the Ritz. 
Carltun Hutel. It I,. .,I
u grdtlfying to nu.": 
tl1.l:: 1934 pledge
te.tdily curning in .lIld dpplicdtiuns fur enrulment fur the "e

lIf 19H,ltJ3:, .Ire "Ireoldy neing received. 
rllrtlh'r infllrlll,ltilln 111,1\ nt' ..nt.lined frn!'l 

-\PRJI, 1<H--t 


Mi!>s E. France!> Upton, 1396 St. Catherine St 
\\;. est, telephone PLateau 7027. 
Qu BEe: At the February meeting of the 
Alumnae Association of Jeffrey Hale's Hos' 
pital, the 
pecial speaker was Mr. D. Jackson 
who gave an interesting talk on Charles 
Dickens and his "T die of Two Cities." The 
specidl speaker at the March meeting was 
Dr. Leblanc, who gave us a mo
t vivid and 
 description of hi
 recent vi
it to 
France. Switz.erland and other Europe:lO 
countries. Refreshment" were 
ef\'ed at !:he 
close uf both meetings. Mi:,s G. Weary, 
furmerly :,upervi
ur of the pri\ ate and the 
women's w"rds i
 now in charge of the 
central linen room. 

RI:GINA: The annual meeting of the S'l!>- 
katchewan Registered Nurses AssociatIOn will 
he held April 5 and 6 in Moose Jaw. The 
busim',s uf the association will occupy the 
first day when the reports of the employment 
committee, the memberslllp committee and 
cus"ion with regard to the appointment of 
an inspector of nursing schools will be impor' 
tant items. The name of the scholarship 
student for 1934 will be announced. TIH' 
:,econd ddY will be devoted to the presentation 
and discussiun of nur
ing problems. Four 
private duty nur
es will present various phase
of their difficulties. The convention will clo..c 
wIth an address by an outstanding member 
of the legal professIOn on h\\'hat i
 a PrJ- 
fession?"' and an addre
" on the "Profitabl
Use of Leisure" by a prominent woman wh0 
is a member of the Regina City Council. and 
formerl} chairm
n of the Regina PublIc 5cho',1 
RU;I:-"r\: Mb:o M.
t (McGIll, 1933). 
has been "ppointed Imtructur of nur
es ;1t 
the Grey 
uns' Ho
pital, Regin.l. MN. Jedn 
Sh.Jnk (R.G.H., 1933). ledve
 for Montreal 
at unce to undertdk
 three munth
' tnten

tudy with the Victuridn Order uf 1\:UN> 
The fund for the purpuse of providing em- 
ployment for nurses has been further aug' 
Inented by the proceed
 of a dance. put on 
bv the Sd:okcltchewdn Regl
tered '" ur
cidtiun. Regina Bralh:h, on St Valentine' 
D.I'y. The Alumnae So.:iety uf the Grey 
Hu..pital hd
 a bridge tournament in progrc.... 
dt pre
ent. P .Irt of the proceed.. wIll j-. 
donah:d for the .Inuve purpo

hRRII'I): On 10. ItJH. \11

 J. F. 
tlc tR.G.H.. Jl)
I). to \'1r..At. j). 

tr.l1th. of Victon,l. B.C. 
. MI.... 
t. Semple (SC.H. 
1(31), h.,,, t.Jken d posItion on the ..t.iff of 
the "..-pital .!! \f.HlI1t.lin P,lrJ... :\Inerta 


VANCOUVJ:.R: Miss Laura Holland, C.B.E., 
was elected president of the Vancouver Unit, 
Overseas Nursing Sisters Association, at its 
<lflnual meeting. The members of the exe- 
cutive are: V ice'president: Mrs. J oh n Rose 
(N.S. E. Boultbee); secretary'treasurer: Mrs. 
J. D. Brough (N.S. E. Charles): Social Con' 
yenor: Mrs. E. HelliweU (N.S. K. Perrin): 
conven0r of membership committee: Miss M. 

cLane; convcnor of sick visiting committe!:::: 
Miss S. Heaney; Press correspondent: Miss J. 
J uhnston. The secretary-treasurer's report 
1'howed a membership of sixty,four. A letter 
from Miss Rayside, C.B.E., the national prc.-jj, 
dent was read, speaking of the convention to 
be held in Toronto in June, and it was an- 
nounced that a new directory of aU Overseds 
Nursing Sisters in Canada is being prepared. 
The retiring president, Miss Jane Johnston, 
gave a full report of the activities of the yeu 
and a brief history of the Vancouver Unit 
since its formation ten years ago. Bouquets of 
flowers were presented by Miss Matheson, 
matron of the Shaughnessy Military Hospital, 
to the president,elect in recognition of the 
honour conferred on her by His Majesty, and 
by Mrs. A. E. Cunningham, to the retirin
president, in appreciation of her work during 
the past three years. Refreshments were 
served, Mrs. J. Shepherd and Mrs. King' 
Brown presiding. A programme, arranged by 
Miss Mal)' McLane and Miss Brand, was given, 
consisting of lantern slides of interesting and 
uften amusing snapshots taken during over- 
seas days. Other nursing sisters present in- 
duded: Miss O. Bentley, Mrs. J. R. Bayne 
(N.S. Kirk), Mrs. Fairchild (N.S. Boyed, 

Mrs. H. Black (N.S. Kier), Mrs. F. W. Crick, 
ard (N.S. Robson), Miss Cre1'swell, Miss M. 
Duffield, Mrs. B. Heyer (N.S. Cobb), Mis
S. Heaney, Mrs. A. \V. Hunter (N.S. Rid, 
dell), Miss K. C. Jones, Miss D. Jefferson, 
Miss H. Jukes, Miss B. McNair, Mrs. T. K. 
McAlpine (N.S. Rodd), Miss McCammon, 
Mrs. Jackson, Miss E. Pierce, Miss E. Martin, 
s M. Motherwell, Miss H. Munslow, Mrs. 
J. D. McCabe, Miss D. Oliver, Miss K. Pan- 
ton, Mis
 M. Quigley, Miss H. Rice, Mr
Rubinson (
.S. Fournier), Mrs. W. E. Robi 
(N.S. Thompson), Miss M. Steele, Miss A. 
Stewart, Miss E. M. Stewart, Miss B. Swan, 
Mrs. G. Stead, Mrs. Slevin (N.S. Ellis), Mr1'. 
A. Valentine (N.S. Robertson). 
TORoxTo: The Executive of the Toront() 
U nit of the Overseas Nursing Sisters Associa, 
tion of Canada entertained recently at tea at 
the home of Mrs. F. A. Spence, who received 
with Miss Ruby Hamilton, president of the 
club, and Matron Hartly of the Christie St. 
Hospital. Mrs. Jack Bell, Miss Maud Wil- 
kinson, Mrs. William Black and Mrs. Guy 
Dingle presided at the tea table. Members who 
ted in looking after the numerous guest
included the convenor, Mrs. R. Henson, Mrs. 
D. B. Gillespie, Mrs. J. Dunc<lfl, Mrs. N. 
Lucas, Miss E. Moore, Miss \\'. Farr, Mi"" 
L. Gamble, Mrs. R. Craige and Mi
s S. Might. 
Out of town guests, some of whom are mem' 
bers of other units, were Mrs. Mills (N.S. 
Reynolds) of Bowden, Alta., Mrs. Whitney 
of Sutton, Mrs. Hogarth of Burlington, Mrs. 
Oliver of St. Catharines and Miss Abernethy 
of Kingston. 



This volume is in the rress <l11d will be reddy for distnbution in MdY. If thuse who 
already sent in their order
 will kindly remit the pre'publicatiun price ($1.'25) to the author. 
Miss Mabel Clint 2112 Claremont -".ve.. Montreal. copies will he mailed them immediately upon 
publication. Since the edition is limited to one thousand cupies. further orders, either from 
..;chools of nursing or frum individuals, should be sent, dccomp<lllied by remittance, to Mi..;..; 
Clint at the aho\e .Iddrcs..;. Asoid disappointment }-,y ordering .It once. 


VOL. XXX, No. 4 


('ROSS-Mrs. Helen Cru..., died recently ;J.t 
her home in Wallaceburg. She was a mem- 
her of the Florence Nightingale Post of the 
American Legion and served with the Am
ricaq expeditionary forces in France. 

embers of the First Baptist Church and 
of the \\-' allaceburg Legion attended in a 
body and a firing party from Chatham ren' 
dered the final military salute. 
GLEASON At London, Ontario, early in 
February, 1934, Mrs. Gleason (Orpha Men- 
dell) of Elora, Ontario. Mrs. Gleason wa!' 
a member of the class of 1924 of the School 
of Nursing of the Guelph General Ho..' 
-\nnie Reabie Hinchey died on 
February 10, 1934, at the Lakeside Ho,;- 
pital, Cleveland, O. Mi!'s Hinchey served 
with the first Canadian Contingent aml 
was stationed at No. 2 Stationary Hospital. 
Boulogne. For the past ten years she hac; 
been night superintendent of Lakeside Hos' 
pital, Cle,,'c1and. A.fter a service held at 

the hospital, 
 were conducted in 
Chatham, Ontario. hy Rev. A. C. Calder. 
Mis, Hinchey was a graduate of Kingston 
General Hospital. Member.. of the local 
branch of the Canadian Legion formed a 
firing squad, and the 'Z4th Kent Regiment 
Chapter ot the LO.D.E., of which Mi
Hinchey was an honorary member, attended 
her funeral. 

cTAGGART-At Toronto, on March 4, 
1934, Rose McTaggart, a member of the 
cla..s of 1909 of the School of 
 lIrsing of 
the Montreal General Hospital. 
ROBBINS-Suddenly, in New York, un 
February 23, 1934, Mrs. J. R. Robbins 
(E,,'el'yn Whitney), a member of the cia.... 
of 1925, of the School of Nursing of the 
Montreal General Ho'pital. 
ROBINSOK-At the Montreal General Hos' 
pital, on February 16. 1934. after a brid 
illness, Bessie Robinson, a member of the 
class of 1903 of the School of "!\ of 
the Montreal General Ho"pital 

So be my passing! 
My tas
 accomplished and the long day done. 
My wages ta1{..en, and in my heart 
Some late lar1t singing, 
Let me be gathered to the quiet U'e.
The sundown splendid mld serene, 


\V. E. H"='LFY. 




International Council of ]\; urses: 
Secretary, :\Iiss Christiane Reimann, 1-1: Quai des Eaux-\ïves, (;eneva, Swit7.f>r1ann 

Prcsiden t 
First Vice-President. 
Second Vice-President 
Honorarv Secretarv 
Honorar)' Treasurèr 

.\DI.\:\"" XtTRSES \SSOCI.\ TIO:\ 
:\Iiss F. II. :\1. Emory, Pni,oersity of Torontù, Toronto, Onto 
H. :\liss R. :\1. Simpson, Parliament Bldgs.. Regina, Sask. 
:\1:ss C. 1\1. Bennett, Ottawa Civic Hospital. Ottawa, Onto 
.l\liss :\"ora :\1 oore , City Hall, Room 309, Toronto, Ont. 
:\Iiss :\1. :\Turnoch, St. John (;eneral Hospital. Saint John, 

.""memls precedino names illd
('ate office hdd, rio. (I) President, Prorincial Nurses .-tssociation; (2) Chairma1l. 
NIiN/ino Education S"r/ion; (3) rllnirmnn, PuMi" [[mUll S,r/it",; (41 rhnirmall, Prirate Dlity Section. 

\lherta: (I) :\hss F. :\Iunroe, Hoyal _-\l{':\andra 1101<- 
pital, Edmonton; (2) :\lisR J. Connal, Gen{'ral HOl'pi- 
tal, ('alg:ary; (3) Miss 13. .-\. Emerl'on, 604 (Ï\'i.. 
Block. Edmonton; \4) :\Iiss ,J. Clow, 1l1a8-R
,-\ ve., Edmonton. 
nrltlsh Columbia: (I) :\lil's :\1. F. Gray. Dept. of 

ursing, University of British ('olumbia, Yancoun>r; 
) :\liRS L. :\Iitchell, Royal Jubilee Hosl;ital, \"i..- 
tnria; (3) :\lisR :\1. Duffield. 175 Broad\\ay Eal't, 
\'ancouver; (t) :\Iiss :\1. :\Iirfield, Beachcroft Xursinj! 
Home, ('ook :'t.. \ï..toria. 
\Ianltoba: (I) :\lil'l' :\Iildred Heid, Xurses Heside,w(', 
"ïnnipeg General Hospital, Winnipeg; (2) 
t. .Joseph's Hospital, Winnipeg; (3) Miss E. 
:\lcKelvey, 603 :\Ied.ical Artl' Building, Winnipeg; 
(4) Misl' K. :\leCallum, lRl Enfidd Crel'cent, Xor- 
'ew Brunswick: (I) :\lis8 .-\. ,J. :\lac:\laster, :\loß{.ton 
Hospital. :\Ion<.ton; (2) :,iRter Crrinne Kerr, Hotel 
Dieu Hospital, Call1pbellton; (3) :\li8S .-\da Burn 8, 
Health Centre, 
aint John: (4) :\Ii
s :\labf'1 :\Ic- 
:\1 u!len, :'t. :-;tf'phen. 
'ova Scutia: (1) :\liss .\nn(' :,Iattery, lim. 1 i;l, 
"ind!\or; (
) :\-Irs. :\-lurray :\laeKay, 
ova :,cotia 
Hos'Jital, Dartmouth; (3) :\Ii
s -\. Edith Fenton, 
nalh.msie Health Clinic. :\lorriR 
t., Halifax: (4 
:\I'!"s Chril"tinf' :\lacf.cod.!"Ii South Klinf' 
L Halifa"\.. 

Ontario: (I) :\Ii!"s :\Iarjorie Buck, Norfolk H""(Jitall 
:'imcof'; (2) :\li8S 
. :\1. Jamieson. Peel :\Iemoria, 
Hospital, Brampton; (3) :\lr8. AI/:nes Ha:rgarth. 

I :'U8SCX :'t., Toronto; (4) :\lis8 Clara Brown, 23 
Kendal Avc., Toronto. 
Prince Ed
ard Island: (I) :\liss Lillian Pidgeon, 
Prin<'e Co. Hospital. 
ull1merside, (2) Miss F. 
Lavers, Prince Co. HOl"pital, f:ummerside; (3) :\li!'1' 
I. Gillan, ij9 Grafton 
t., Charlottetown; (4) :\li!"R :\1. 
Gamble, 51 .-\mbro8e.:-;t., ('harlotteto\\n. 
()uehec: \ n :\lil"s C. \". Barrett, Ho}"al Yictoria :\Iatl'r- 
nit)" 1I ofll'i tal, :\lontrf'al; (
) :\li81" :\lartha Batl'on, 
:\Iontreal General Hospital, :\Iontreal; (3) Mis!' 
('hristil:e Dowlin!!', 1
46 Bishop Street, \Iontreal; 
lis"('.:\1. Watling,1230Bishop:.;treet, :\lontreal. 
Saskatchewan: (I) :\lis8 Edith AmaR, City Hospital, 
:,askatoon; (2) :\lìss G. :\1. W stson, ("it
r Hospital, 
:'3skatoon; (:l) :\lrR. E. :\1. Feeny, Dept. of Publie 
Health, Parliament B1dgl' 0 , Regina; (4) :\-li!"s :\1. H. 
Chisholm, 805 7th .-\ve. X., 

 :"I \TlO
.'\L SEC1'IO
Xn'''IN(; EDt:"C'TION: :\-liss G. :\-1. Fairley, Yan('oU\'pr 
General Hospital, Yancouver; Pl"BLIC HEALTH: :\li8S 
:\1. :\--1oal/:, 1
46 Bishop ::5t., :\-Iontreal; PRIVATE 
DrTY: :\Iiss {I'abel l\Iac.Intosh, QUf'{'nl'conrt Apt., 
i.'i Queen 
t. S., Hamilton. 

Executive Secretary: :\liss Jean S. Wilson, National Office, 1411 Crescent 
\lontreal, P.Q. 


('HAm'-UN: :\Iiss G. :\1. Fairley, Yancouver Gen{'ral 
Hospital, Yaneouver; YICE-("H.-\IRMOI: :\Iil"s :\1. F. 
Gray. Vni J"ersity of British Columbia, \'sncouver; 
:'ECRETARY: :\Iiss E. F. Fpton. ::5uite 221, 1396 :'t. 
Catherine:-it. WeRt, :\Iontreal; TREASURER: :\Ii!\s 1\1. 
Blanche Anderson, Ottawa Civic Hospital, Ottawa. 
( 'OUNCILLC R8 - \lberta: :\1 iss ,J. Connal, General Hos- 
pital. Calgary. British Columhla: :\1is8 L. :\-lit..hell, 
Roy:ll ,Jubilee lIospi
al, \ ictoria. Manitoba: 

t. .\lbert, :'t. ,J,'seph.s Hosnital, \\ïnnipeg. 
!\ew Brunswick: 
iRter Coriulle I\:err, Hotel Dieu, 
<'ampbellton. !\'ova Scotia: :\Irs. :\Iurray :\'la..Kay, 
Nova Scotia Ho!\pital, Dartmouth. Ontario: :\-liss 
1. Jamieson, Peel 
lell1orial HU8pital, Bramptoll. 
Prince Edward Island: :\Iiss \1. Lavers, Prince 
('0. H.-spital. :;ummerl"ide. Quebec::\1 iss Martha 
Jhts")n, :\Iontreal General H()spital, :\Iontreal. Sas- 
katchewan: Miss G. :\1. Watson, City Hospital, 
Sas'<:atoon. CONVENER OF PUBLICA1IONS. Miss :\1. 
1\1. Reid, Winnipeg General Hospital, \\ innipel/:. 

CH'IR\lAN: l\Iiss Isabell\IacIntoRh, Queenscourt .-\pt., 
75 Que{'n 
., Hamilton; \"ICE-('H,IRM.\N: :\li8S 
:\labell\I..:\1 ullen, Box 3:I8, Sf. Htephf'n; 
TREASUHER: :\lrs. nose Hess, l:m Wellington :'t., 
COt:"NCILLOR3: Alberta: l\Iiss ,r. ('low, 1113S-82nd 
A ve., Edmonton. British Columbia: 1\li
s 1\1. 
l\firfie=d, Bea..hcroft 
 ur..j III/: HOllIe', \ïl'toria. 


\lanitoba: :\li!'s K. :\leCaHulII, 1
1 Enfield Cns.. 

ew Brunswick: l\Iissl\labell\lcMullen, 
tephen. :'I:ova Scotia: Miss Christine MacLeod. 
outh Kline :o;t., Halifa... Ontario: :\-liss Clara 
Brown, 23 l\:endal .-\Vf'., Toronto. Prince Edward 
Island: :\-liss 
L Gamble, 51 .-\mbrose 
t.. Charlotte- 
to\\n. Quebec: :\-li8!' C. :\1. "'atling, 1230 Bishop 
:-'t., :\Iontreal. Saskatche
an: Miss :\1. n. Chis- 
holm, 805 7th Ave. N., ::;askatoon. CONVENER 0.- 
uc-\TIONS: :\Iiss Jean DavidRon, Paris. 

("HAIUM -\s: :\lisl' :\1. :\loag, 1246 Bishop :'t., :\Iontr{'al; 
\'ICE-('H.URM.U.: :\Iiss :\1. Kerr, 946 20th .Ave. W.. 
\'ancouver; :'Ef'RETAR1-TREASUREH: :Miss .Mary 
1\lathe\\son, 464 
trathcona .-\ve., \Vestmount, P.Q. 
rta: :\li88 H. .-\. EmerRon, 604 
Civic Bloek, Edmonton. British Columbia: :\Iiss 
:\-1. Duffield, 175 Broadway East, \"aneouver. 
\lanitoha: :\Ii!'s B. :\1.. Kelvev, 60:1 Medical Art.. 
Building, Winnipeg. :'I:ew Brlmswick: \li8S .-\da 
Burns, Health ('entre, 
aint .John. 
mia Scotia: 
:\Iisl.' Edith Fenton, Dalhousie Health Clinic, :\Iorri:< 
:'t., Halifax. Ontario: :\Irs. .\gnes Haygarth, 

US8e... :O;t.. Toronto. Prince Edward Island: :\Iiss 
Ian Gillan, 59 Graftoll :'t., Charlotteto\\ n. Quebec: 
:\lis.. Chri!<tinf' })owlillj!, 1
46 Bishop :,t.. :\lontreal. 
Saskatchewan: :\Irs. E. .\1. Fef'ney, 1>ept. of Public 
Health, Parliament Buildings, Hegina. CONVENER 
0" PV"LICATIC'N"S: :\Irs. ,\
nf'1' Haygarth, 21 Susse.. 
:'t. Toronto. 

VOL. XXX, No. 4 



Provincial Associations of Registered Nurses 

\LH"ERT \ 


Allwrta \ssociation of Re
Ustcred 'urses 
President, :\Iiss F. :\Iunroe, Ho)al _\le"\andra 
Hospital, Edmonton; First \ïee-Pre
ident, :\Irs. de 
:-:iatge, Holy Cross Hospital, CalJl:ary; :'eeond Vice- 
President, :\Iiss S. :\Iacdonald, General IIr-!"pital, 
Calgary; :-ecretar:r-Treasurer-Hegistrar, :\Iiss I,-ate ;-;. 
Bright:r, Administration Building, Edmonton; ('hair-. 
men: Nursinn Eduration SI'CIion, :\Iiss J. Connal. 
General Huspital, Cahr:ary; Public J1tfllth S(ction. )Ii!":< 
B. .-\. Emerson, 1104 ('j\ic Block, I:dmonton; PrÙa
DIlty Section. )li!<s .I. (' ('10", 1I13H-8:?nd \\"('. 


urses Association of British Columhia 
President,:\1. F. Gray,1466 "".14th ..h'e., YancoU\er; 
First Vice-President, E. G. Breeze; Second \ïce-Pre!'i- 
uent, G. Fairley; Registrar, H. Handal, 516 \'ancou\"er 
ßlock, \'ancou\"er; Secretary, :\1. Kerr, 516 \'ancou\"er 
Block, Vancouver; COllunrrs of Committpes: NlirFliny 
Education, L. :\Iitchell, Ho
'al ,Jubilee Hospital. \ïc- 
toria; Public Ilealth. )1. Duffield, lï5 Broad\\ay F.ast, 
\"ancou\"f>r; Priratc Duty, \Iiss :\1. Mirfield, Beadu'roft 
:'\ur!!inll; Home, Cook 
t., \ï<'toria; Counl"ilIors,:\1 1'. 
Camphell, )1. Dutton, L. )1<,,\lIister, I\:. 


Manitoba Association of Re
istered 'urses 
President, :\Iis:l )1. Heid, "'!nnipejl: Generaillospital; 
First \ïl"e-President, :\Iiss :-. \\"ril/;ht, )letropolitan 
Life, "ïnnipelZ; :-:e('ond \ïce-Prpsid('nt, )Ii"" C. :\1('- 
Lend, Brandon General Hospital; Third \ï('e-PreRident, 
:-:ister IÙaulle, :'t. Boniface Hospital; )1 emhcrll of 
Board: )fis" ,I. I anll;, :\fis8 E. Carruther!", :-:istu 'Iary, 
:\Iiss 1-... " . Ellis, )li8S K :\1..J earn, )Iiss )1. :\Ieehan, 
)Iiss E. .Johnson, 
t. -\Ibert; COI/I'eners of Sec- 
tiolls: Pltblic J/pa/th, )Iif"
 F.. \1(.Kplvey; Primtp DIl'II, 
'Iiss I\:. :\leCallum; Nur"i"" EdllratÙm, :,if"tpr ;-;t. 
.\Ibert. Conveners of rommi't('I'..: nireetory, :\Iif! .1. 
Kcrr, ,4 Cobourg .-\ve.; 
()('ial, :\Ii
f" :-:. Polle"\fen, !1.')1 
Palmerston .-\ ve.: :-:ie},. \ïsitinjl:, :\Iisf" L. Gray, 'ïl'- 
t<)rian Order of r-;urses; :\Iembership, :\Ii"s E. Jrom,idp, 
Winnipel!; General Hospital; l.ibrarian, :\liss \\". Gri('(> 
anrl :\lis8 .-\. :'tacc, 7:'i:J \\olf"elev A\'e.; Pre8!' and Pub- 
lication, :\Ii
" E. Banks. 64 
t: Cross :'t.; Rel're..enta- 
lil'e:;: !.o('al ("oun('il of Women, :\Ir!'. \\ïllßrd lIill and 
).1 rs. Emmett n\\ )-er; Central ('oul\ IIf :'o('ial \j!en- 
('Ies, :\Iif'ls F. Hohertson; \ï(.torian Order of 

Iiss E. A. Russell; ,Junior H('d ("ro!'f", )li
f'I E. Parkf'r; 
BNl Cross Enmlment, :\1rf'l. J. F. )lfCrÏf.on; Exe('utin> 
-:c('rptßr;l< anrl Hejl:istrar, 
Ir!'. :-otella G('rdon KHr 

EW BRur,S\\'ICh.. 

:"oIew Hruns\\ick Association of Re
PrPRident, :\li!"fO .-\. .J. :\lac
Ioncton 1I(lslJ i - 
tal, l\loncton; First \'il'e-Pre!'ident, :\liRf'I )Iarjl:arpt 

econd \ïce-President, :\lif'ls ì\lyrtle E. 
Kay; Honorary :,pl'retary, H.e,. :'istpr Kenny; (' 
:\Iembcrs: :\Iif'ls Floren('p ("olpman, )Iiss II. :-. J)ykp- 
man, l\1rs. .-\. G. ""oodcol'k, :\lif'M Elsie 
1. Tullol'h; 
('onvencrs: Pubtic lIm/t1i SrctiOJI. :\h!-fi ,-\du \. Burns; 
PrilJate Dlltll Sf'ction, :\Iiss !\Iahel :\1(')lullin; Vllr..ÙIII 
fo:rlu.cation Sf'clion. Si!itpr l\.(>cc; rummitt,., ro"rnIPrs. 
The ('allUdian !tIltrse, 'Iiss h.lltlolpen Lawson; Consti- 
tution and By-La\\s, :\Ii
s :'. E. Brophy; :,pcrpt,uy, 
TrellRurpr-Rpjl:istrar, )Iiss 'I:\lulp E Hptalli,.k, :?Ii:! 
('Imrlotte :-'t. Wpst, :'aint .John, 

1'\ 0 \" A SCOT 1.\ 

Reø,ish:red '\;urses \ssol"Ìation of 
u\a SnJtiu 
1'le!'idpnt, )Iisll .\nnc :-;Iuttpr), \\ iml"or; Flr"t \ ...e- 
I'residpnt, )Iiss \ï(.tori:
 \\ïn!ilo\\, IIIlMu"\; :,p,'ollli 
\ i('e-Prpsidpnt, :\1 is.. )lllrion Boa, :\('\\ UIIl"IlO\\; 
Third \ï,'p-l'rp!'id('nt, Si..ter ,\ nlll1 Spton, I hlih\"\ : 
He('ordilllr: :'ecretary, )Irll. J)onald Gllli!', 1:?:
 \ prnon 
:-'t., Hlllif:!,,; Tre!l"m'pr and BplZi"tl ar, \I i.... r F. 
Fr:\"f'r, If) EIl"tf'CII TrI\
t BI.I!!.. I !:Iliffl' 

urses .\Sbociation of Ontario 
Incorporated 1915 
ident., )Iiss :\farjorie Buck, :\rrfulk Uenpral 
1I('f"pltal. :'III1Coe; Fir:<t Yi"e-President, \liss non thy 
', Boom .:3:?1 .Ia(.k!'on Bldg., Otta\\a; :-:e('ond \ïce- 
I resl
liss ('onstaIH'e Bre\\ster, General H. !'pital, 
lIanlilton; :--e"retary-Treasurer. :\li!'8 :\Iatilda E. Fitz- 
rald, :J
t., Toconto; Chairman. Nllr:;" Edtlm- 
I1ml .
liss :'. :\Iarjl:aret Jamieson, Peel :\Iemflrial 
H(!f"pltal, Brampton; Chairman, Prirat#' Dlltll Sectio1l 
\11f"s .Clara Hro\\ n
 h.pndal ,-\" e., Toronto; Chairman: 
J rtbltc Health St'chml, :\lrs. .-\I/:nes HaYl/:arth, Provin('ial 
I )<<:,pa
tmpnt of Health, Parliament Bldll!'., Toronto; 
Dv<lnct _Vo. 1.: Chairman, )liR... )Iildred "alker, h:sti- 
e of 'pllblll' Health, london; :,p('retary-Treasur('r, 
)11!'s :\hld
ed. Chamhers, Institute of Puhli.. Health. 
London; DIstrIcts 
 a1ld ."1: Chairman, 
fiss ,-\. E. Binge- 
an, Freep(
anatorium, h.itl"hener; :-:el'Cetarv- 
I reasur
r, .
lif"s Edith Jonps, :?S:J Gren\\il'h :-it., Bral;t- 
ford; Dlstnct No.4: ('hairman, :\Iiss ('onstan('e Bre\\- 
st('r, General Hospital. /lamilton; :'el'retar:r-Treasurer, 
arl()\\, :?I.I :'tinson 
t., Hamilton; District 
.\.0. :'J: (halrman, )hss Ikrothy :\Ii('kleboroul/:h, Pro 
\:111('181 n,:
t. of Health: Parliament Bldlls.. foconto; 

ary- J rea!"
, 'IIss bahelle Park, la-lR \ onvp 
:0-1., I oronto; /)I..t"ct No.6: Chairman, :\Iisf" Hplen )1. 
\ IIderson, ,
O \\ ater :-t., Peterhoroul/:h: :-:(','retary- 

reaf"urer, :\llsf" Dorothy \la(.Brien, Xi('hollf" Il( f"pital, 
I etprbOClIUjl:h; District No. i: Chairman, :\Ii!'s I ouisp 
!? .\eton. Gt;neral. 
l, Killllston; :-:e('retar)-- 
 OhVia "Ilson, General 1I0f"pital, 
h.llllZston; DI..trlct .Vu. R: (,hairman, :\liBS )1. Ulanl'he 
derson, O

a\\a Civil' If( spital, Otta\\a; :-:iel'Cetar)- 

.Ii!-!' .-\. G. I.anner. Otta\\a Ci\i(' HOf'lpital, Otta\\a; 
I rea!"urer. 
f'I 'Iary \('Iand, 
trath('ona fkspital, 
Otta\\a; pl"trlct No. .9: Chairll1un. 
Iiss Katherine 

.Ial'l\.enzle, 1;'i5 :-iecond _-\ \ e. W., 
ort h Bllv: Se('retary- 
I.rellf'lurer, )1I"f'I. H(
hena BU('hanan. If1ï First -\"e. 1-:., 
:'I;l'rth Bay; DistrIct No. In: Chairman, 
lisf'l \ era 
J ovela('p. :3 \\ïlpy Hd., Port ,\rtIHlr; Sccretarv- Trpns- 
IIrer, )Iiss Ethel :'te\\ardsoll, \I('hellar 'General 
1I1>f"pital. Fort William. 

Distrkt '0. R Re
istl"n'd 'urses \ssociation 
of Ontario 

'hairman, )Iiss :\1. R. .\nderson; \"i('e-Chllirmlln, 
'hss .J. L. ChuCl'h; :-:e('retary, :\Iiss .-\. G. Tanner 
Otta\\a Civi(' Hospital; Treasurer, 
Iiss )1. E. -\('Ialld; 
('oUlu.illors, :\lif" G. Clarke, -\. Eht-s. )1 Graham, 
E. ('. :\Idlraith, C. C. \lurrav, :\1. :-:Iinn; ('"nre1lf'rs 
"f ('"mmittee..: \femberf'lhip, :\lisR G. Clarke; l'uhlirll- 
tionM, Miss E. C )ll'Ilraith; .Vur..i1lY Jo:dtlca'i"n )Ii"" 
C. ('. :\Iurray; Prim" Dlltl/, '1;8s.l. I. Chlln.h; j'II1,lic 
li8s II. O'\lpara. 

Dlo;trict '0. 10 RpØ,istl"red 'urses \so;odutlon 
of Onturlo 
President, l\IiB8 \ . Lovela('e, \ï('p-Prp"idPllt, )liBs :\1. 
e('retary Trea"llrer, 
li!'11 F :-:tp\\llnl"oll, 
,... ".ellar Gpnpral Ho!'pital, Fort \\ iIlium; COlllll'illoC!'. 
\lisf'l.Jane /logarth. )Iiss )1. \\ 8111\("e, )1I"s C. IA-mon, 
\Ii.... C. Chi\'prf" \\ïl!'(III, :\fi,... FI8nllil/:all, 'Ii",. Irpnp 


I"rlnce Ed\\anl Island Rt.1lish'n'd 'urRP'" 
\lisol"ÌU t ion 

Presidpllt, \lif'ls Lillian PidJ.!clln, Prilll'P {'o. /I. "llilal, 
:'mllml'r!'idp: \ i..p-Pre"ident. \li
.. )1. l\.lllil. ('hllrlottl 
to\\1I JIII
pitlll; :'e('rptary, \II!lIIM. ('IUlIllhell, SGrafton 
:'1., ('harlottet()\\ II; Treaf"lIrer and Bpjl:i"trar. )1; II 
I'dlla Grepn, :?5,IJ (
IlP(>n :0-1., ('hur!\\n: Nllrsl"" 
Ii"" :\1. l.u,er", Prin.,p ('0 1I"'''I',tlll, 
:-:uIIIlI'prBidp; Public lI,a'tl., )1iB8 I Gillnll, :,!I (;r"f!ulI 
:-:t ('harluttptu\\lI; Primt, /)Ilt-" 
1. Gnmblp, 
\mhrusp :'1., ('hnrluttptu\\lI; HI'Jlrp!'Plltatl\p to TI,,, 
{',wadÙw .VIlrs,. \Ii!''' \111111 'lair. I' F I Ho"pital, 
('Imrlottl't..\\ II 




Association of Re
istered Nurses of the Pro\incc 
of Quebec Incorporated 1920 
,\dvisory Board: :\lissps :\lary ;';amupl, :\label F. 
IIpr!'ey, C. :\1. Watling, Upv. :\Ière :\1. Y. -\llaire, RÍ'\". 

()eur Ste. I..idora; Presidf'nt., Miss C. \'. ßarrett, 
Hoyal \'il.toria :\-Iontreal :\Iatprnity Hospital; \ÏI'p- 
President (Emdi!'h), Miss 1\1. L. :\Ioag, \ï,
n <;Jrder 
of Nurses 1246 Bishop St., :\lontrea!; \ ll'e-I rf'Sldent 
(French), 'Rév. 
oeur Allard, Hôtf'l-Dieu de 
t. Jospl?h, 
\lontreal; Hon. 
ecretary, Mis!' Esthpr Reith, Child 
\Vf'lfare Association, Forum ßldl/:., 
Iontreal; Hon. 
Trpa'lllrer, :\Iiil'! M. E. Nash, \Ï(.torian Order of Nur!'
1246 Bishop St., :\Iontreal. Othpr :\lembers: 
:\labpl K. Holt, The :\lontreal Genf'ral Hospital, 
:\Iademoiselle Edna Lynl.h, 
ursing :-;upervi!'or, :\Ietro- 
politan Life Insuranee Co., :\lontrpaJ, R{.v. :-;oeur 
.Jf'an de l'Eucharistie, Hôpital Notre Dame, :\Iontreal, 
:\lis3 :\larion Lindeburgh, School for Graduate 
:\lcGill Fniversity, :\Iontreal, Mademoiselle .-\Ie"ina 
\Iarchessault, Ecolp d'HYl/;iène Social .-\ppliquÍ'i', 
('nivprsité de :Montreal. C'onl"l'n p rs of Sections: Pril'flt
Duty, (English), l\Iiss C. 1\1. Watlin!!:, 1230 
:\-Iontreal; PrÙ,ate Duty (Frem'h), :\lademOl!'ellp Ahcp 
L!'pine, HÔpital Notre Dame, :\lontre:\I: Nu
sinu Edll- 
tion (English), :\-liss :\Iartha Bat!'on, The :\Iontreal 
General Hospital, 1\lontreal; Nursing Education 
(French), Rév. Soeur Augustine, Hôpital Rt. .Tean-de- 
Dieu, Gamelin, Que; Public Health, l\Iiss .Christ
DowlinJ!". \Ï(.torian Ordpr of 
ur!'p!" 1241) BIQh(lp 

:\Iontreal; B"Rrd of E"\:allllnerr', :\li
s Olga \. 1.illy 
(Con\"pnpr), Hoyal \ÏI.toria :\Iontrpal 
Iaternity Hos- 
pital, :\oliss 'larion Lindeburgh, 8ehool for Graduate 

url'P!', :\lcGill University, l\Iontrf'al; :\Iiss Katherinp 
:\Iac ='J. :\1 ae Lennan, ,-\Ie."\.andra Hospi tal, :\Iontreal; 
:\1 Pllr. Edna Lynch. 4642 rue St. Denis Rt., :\Iontreal; 
:\Iplle. Laura :-;pneca.l, HÔpital Notre Dame, Montreal; 
:\11'111'. .-\. :\Iarl'ilp!'sault, 3256 avenue Lacombe, !\Iont- 
real; E"\ec'uti,'e :-;pI'retary. Rpgi!'trar and Offieial 8('h<)01 
\ isitor, :\Iiss E. Franep!' rpton, Room 
21, 1
91) ;-;t. 
f'!lthprinp St. \\'., :\fontrpaL 


Saskatdlcwan Rel>,istered !\iurses Association 
Incorporated :\farch, 1917/ 
Pre.-;idellt, :\Iisl' Edith .-\ll1a
, (ïty Hospital, :-;aska- 
tnon; First \Ïc'e-Presidf'nt, :\1:!'!' Hub)" :\1. :-;im, pl'OIl 
Departnlf'lIt of Public Hpalth, Hf'gina; 
econd Vicp- 
Prpsident, 'lis!' Hplpn ß. 
mith, Gf'neral Hospital, 
Hegina; Councillor"" 
Ii!'s .Jean McDonald, 1122 HHP 
St., ReJl:ina, 'Iiss Elizabeth Smith, Normal Scho(.I, 
:\Ioose Jaw; ('onuners of StandÙI(J Committees: NurRino 
Edumtiu)/, :\-lis!' Gprtrude :\1. Watson, City HOl'pitaJ, 
:-;askatooll; PllbliC' /Il'u/th, :\lrs. E. :\1. Ff'pnf'Y, Depart- 
ment of Publil' Health, HpJ!"ina; Pril'atl' Dllty, :\Iiss :\1. 
H. ('hishollll, 805-7th '-\"1'. N., Saskatoon; Legislation. 
\1iss R. :\1. 
impson, Hej:(inR; 8ecretary-Treasurer and 
ReJl:istrar, :\Ii!'s :\larlmrpt Ho!'I', 4!i .-\nl!:lls Crpl'cpnt, 

Associations of Graduate Nurses 


ary Association of Graduate r-\urses 
Hon. Pre!'ident, Dr. H. .-\. Gibson; Prpsident, 1\li"" 
1'. Gilbert; First \Ïce-President, Miss K. Lynn; Secf!nd 
\'ice-President, !\Iiss F. Shaw; Recordillg and Adm!! 
('orrespondinjl Fe'retary, 1\Irs. F. \'. Kpnnedy, I
First Ht. \Y.; Treasurer, Miss :\1. Watt. 
Edmonton Association of Graduate Nurses 
President. :\Iiss Ida John!'on; First \'i('e-Prellidpnt, 
:\liss P. chapman; Hecond \'ice-Presidpnt, Miss F.. 
Fpnwiek; Heeording Secretary, !\liss Violf't Chapman, 
Itoyal Ale"andra Hospital, Edmonton; Pre!'s and 
Corresponding Secretary, Miss Clow, 1I1
8 \\"h.vtf' 
-\ve., Edmonton; Treasurer, Miss i\-1. Staley, 9838 
th Ht., Edmonton; Registrar, !\Ii!'!' RpTOulp, 111
"-hyte .-\ ve., Edmonton. 
Medicine Hat Graduate I'ourses Association 
President, :\frl'. J. Keohane; First Vice-President, 
:\lrs. :\1. Tohin; Second \Ïce-President, Miss ;\1. Gil- 
dlriRt; Secrf'tary, :\Iil'!' A. :\11' Leod, 2 Diana Court; 
Trea!'urer, 'Iisl' F. 
mith; ('ummitte.. ('ulIl'Pllers: 
:\Iembership, :\otisI' .-\. Allan; Flowf'r, Mr!'. \V. FI'8Bf'r; 
PrivatI' Du'Y Section, Mrs. Chal'. Pickprinj:(; Corrf'spon- 
dpnt, Tht' ('allarlian NurRe, :\Iiss :\1. Hal/:prman. 


!\ielson Graduate Nurses .\ssociatiun 
lion. President, J\li!'s Y. ll. Eidt, Acting SuperilltPIl- 
dent, Kootenay Lake Genf'ral Ifol'pital; Presidel1t 
:\Iiss 1\:. Gordon; First \Ïee-President, Miss .:\-1. Mad- 
den; Second \Ïce-President, :\1iss S. Archibald; Sel'Tp- 
tary-Treasurer, l\liss Edna Fraser, Box 110!i, Np!I'on, 

Vancouver Graduate 
urses Association 
President, :\lrs. \\. estlllan, ROO Cassair St., \' an('ou,'('r; 
First \ïce-Presidpnt, MisR Jane JohnAtone, SteVf'
B.C.; Second Vic'e-President, :\Iiss E. Rerry, joo;t. Paur
Hospital; Seeretary, :\Iiss F. \\'alker, \'aneouvf'r GPII- 
pral Hospital; Treasurer, Miss L. Archibald, 536 We!'t 
12th A \'e.; Council, !\-li!'ses K. 
anderson, Kilburn, G. 
1\1. Fairley, \\Ïsmpr and :\1. F. Gray. Finance, :\Ii!'s 
Teulon, 138."1 \\ e!"t 11th A,"p.; Directory, l\lis!' K 

Iotherwell, 1947 West 10th A\'p.; Social, Miss A, .J. 
:\oIacIÆod, \'anl'oU\'f'r Gpl1('ral Hospital; ProgramlJlP, 
:\lislI R. Donald!'on,:-;t Palll'!" lIo!'pital; 
il"k \'il'itinl/:, 

:\-li,,::; C. Cookrr. \ anl"ou\'f'r Genpral Hospital; :\lelJl- 
bf'rship, :\hs. Rlankenbaeh, 1816 West 36th A,"f'.; 
Local Council of \\'(}Inp!1, :\lisI'es DnffieJd and Gra\': 
lrs. E. :-;inlln.., \'ancoll\,pl' Gpnpral Hruopital.' 

Victoria Graduate '\;urses :\ssoclatlon 
lion. President
, :\Iiss L. :\litchpll, :-;i!'tf'r 8upf'rior 
Ludo\'ic; President, ;\Iiss E. ,J. Hf'rbf'rt; First Yice- 
President, :\Iiss D. Frampton; 
econd \ïce-Prpsident, 
:\Iiss C. 
1('Kenzie; Rel"retary, Miss 1. Helgesen; 
Trf'asurer, :\liss W. Cooke; Registrar, Miss E. Franks, 
1035 Fairfield Road, \Ïctoria; Executive CommiUf'p, 
:\-lis!' E. B. Straehan, Miss H. Cruikshanks, l\IiEll' E. 
:\f..f)onald, :\Ii!'!' f'. Kpnny. :\lir;<!' E. CampTOn. 


Brandon Graduate Nurses Association 
lion. I'n.!'ident, :\Iiss E. Birtles; Hon. \Ïce-Prpsident, 
:\lrs. \Y. 
hillindaw; Presidf'nt, :\Iiss E. G. ;\1I'Nally; 
First \Ïce-Prf'sident, Miss Janf't Anderson; Second 
\Ïce-President. Mrs. Lula Fleteher; Secretary, Mis!" 
.If'ssie :\-IUIII"O, 243 12th Rt.; Treal'urpr, ::\lrs. 1\1. Lonl/:; 
('onZ-f'ners of Committees: Rucial and Prop-ram me, 1\.11'1'. 
Eldon Hannah; Rick and Yi!'itinlZ, 1\lrs. Howe Fisher; 
Welfare. Mis8 Gertrude Hall; Prp
s Rf'porter. Miss 
Helen l\Iorrison: Cook Book. :\Ir!". .J. :\1. Kain..; 
Hf'l!:il'trar, :\Iiss C. :\1. :\Iaclpod. 


(;raduate !\iurses Alumnae, \\-'eHand 
lion. Prf'Sident, :\Ii!'s E. joo;mith, 
\\ f'lIand General Ho!'pital; Ifon. \Ïcf'-President, l\li
:\1. Hall, Weiland Geueral HOl'pital; Presidpnt, l\lisl' 
D. Haylur; \ÏI'e-Pre..idpnt, :\-lis!' B. Saunderl'; Seerf'tar), 
::\tiss 1\1. Hinkel', 28 Division :-'t.; Trea8urer, :Mis!' H- 
Eller; E"f'cutive, :\-li!"ses :\1. Peddip, 1\1. Tuft!', B. 
e'lothipr and :\Ir!'. P. Bra!'fnrd. 


(;raduate '\;urs('s Association of the Eastern 
If oU. Pre::;ident, :\1 i
!" \'. Bf'anp; I'rf'sidel1t-, :\111's E. 
Bean; \ïl'e-Prf'sidpnt, :\liR!' G. Dwaine; CorrpspondiuIj 
:-:cI'Tetary. Miss F. Wardle\\; Hecording 
:\Iiss Harvey; TreasureI', :\Ii
!' :\larJ!"!uet Uobinll; 
Representative to The Ca/ladian Nurse, :\Iiss C. Horn- 
by, Box 324, :-;hf'rbrooke. Hpprf'I'rntllti,'p, PrÙ'nf, Dllt.ll 
Sl'dif/Il, :\1 iss F. \Iorris!,ptt,. 


\lontreal Graduate Nurses \ssociation 
Hon. President, :\liss L. C, Phillips; President. :\Iish 
('hri!\tine Watling. 1230 Bishop St,; First \"ice-Pre@i- 
dent. Miss G. Allison; Second Vice-President. :\Irs. .\. 
eeretary-Tre.asurer and 
ight Registrar. 
:\Iiss Ethel {'lark. 1230 Bishop St.; Day Registrar. 
:\liss Kathleen Bliss; Relief Registrar. Miss H. :\1. 
Sutherland; Convener Griffintown Club, Miss G. 
Colley. Hegular :\leeting. Second Tuesday of January, 
fir!'t Tlle"da;\-' of \pril. Oet..her IInd DeceIUhrr. 


SAS h...\TCHEW.-\:\ 

\Ioosc Jaw Graduate 
unles .\s!ooodatlol1 
Hun. President. 
Irs. :\1. Young; President. :\11,,;0 
H. Last; First \'ice-President. :\lis8 C. I-\:ier; 
\ ice-President. :\Irs. 'V. :\Ietcalfe; Secretary-Treasurer, 
:\lisø J. :\Ioir, General Hospital. :\Ioose Ja\\; Comeners 
of Committees: RurBJ.'ng Education. \Irs. :\1. Y oun
Sr. :\Iary Raphael. :\Iiss E. Jensen; Private Duty, :\li811 
E. \\ allaee, MiBS F. Farquhar. l\1iss T. Reynolds, :\IiS8 
.J. ('ase
'; Public I1ealth. Registrar, Mil's C. Kier; Pro- 
Ilramme, :\Iiss G. Taylor; Sick Visitinl!:. 'IiBS L. Trench; 
ial. :\Iiss :.\1. .-\rmstrong; Constitution and By-La" s. 
\llss E. Lamond; Representative to Thp f"anndiml 
Nurse, Miss ,I. Gall; Pre!'S Uepre!\entati,'r. \frl'. .J, 

Alumnae Associations 


.\.A., Hol
 Cross Hospital. Cal
President, :.\Irs. L. de 
atge; \"ice-President. :\11:;>1 
.\. Willison; Recording 
Iiss E. Thorn; 
('orresponding Secretary, l\IiBS P. K. Gilbert; Trea- 
liss S. Craig; Honorary :.\Iembers, Rev. 

t. Jean de I'Eucharistie. :\liss :\1. Bro" n. 

A.A., Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton 
Hon. President, Miss F. :\Iunroe; President. :\Ir". 
:-;cott Hamilton; First \"ice-President. :.\Ii!'s V. Chap- 
lIlan; Second '"iee-President. :\Irs. C. Chinneck; 
Hecordin(l; Recretary. :\IiBS G. ,-\llyn; Conespondinp; 

ecretary. Miss .-\. Oliver. Royal .-\le...-:andra HO!lpital. 

A.A. l'nlverslty of Alberta Hospital. Edmonton 
Hon. Pre8ident. 'Iiss E. Fen\\ick; President, Miss 

1. HePrl; First ''ice-President. :.\Iiss L. Gourlay; 
:-'ecund \"ice-President. :\Ii8s B. Fane; Recording Secre- 
tary. :.\liss A. Revell; Corresponding Recretary. Miss 
D. Duxbury, University Hospital; Treasurer. Miss :\1. 
Rowles, University Hospital; F-\el'lItive. \Ii"!le!l 
Gordon, I. RoBS, A. Baker. 

.\.,\., Lamont I>ublic Hospital 
lion. President. Miss F. E. Welsh; President. .\Irs. 
B. I. Love; Vice-President, .\Iiss O. Scheie; Reeretary- 
Treasurer, l\Irs. C. Craip;. Namao; Corresponding 
Secretary. :\Iiss F. E. Heid, l009-20th Avenue, \\ '. 
('alp;ary; ('om'ener. Social ('oIUmittee. \'lrs. H. Shears. 


A.A., St. I>aul's lIospital, Vancou\cr 
Uon. President. Rev. Sister ::5uperior; Hpn. \ï,'e- 
ister Therese Amable; President. Miss B. 
GPrldes; ''ice-President, :\Iiss R. Mch.ernan; Secretary, 

-liss F. Treavor. Assistant Seeretary, l\1iss V. Dyer; 
Iiss B. .\Iuir; Executive. :\IiB8es :\1. :\Ie- 
Donald. E. Berry, I. Clark, V. Pearl'e, 
. Chri"tir, 
H. \II'GiJli,'ary, K. :.\leDonald. 

\..\" Vancou\'cr Gcncral Hospital 
ident, :\liB8 :\1. Lunan; First ''ice-President. 
\lrs. C, H. C. Bell; ::;ecOlld ''ice-President, :.\Irl'. K. 
('rail!:; Se('retary. l\1iss I. Collier; Corre8pondin
tary, .\Iiss J{. Heaney, "ancouver General Hospital; 
Committee Conveners: Programme. ;\Iiss A. Croll. 
Iiss '-. Peters; Sick Benefit, 
land; Uefreshments, :\Ii!'<8 J. Hunter; Press. :\Irs. G. E. 
Gillie,; Treasurer and Bond'l. !\Ii!!!! Geary, :n76 \\"I'"t 
2nd \,'e.; Reprl'!'entati"e. \'.G.
..\., \Ii".. Bh"dr", 

A.A., Jubilee Hospital, \ ictoria 
lion. President. :.\Iiss L. 
Iitehell; President. :\1 i".. 
Jean :\Ioore; First \'ice-President. :\11"8. York('; 
Vice-President. :.\Iiss .J. Grant; ::'ecretary. :\Irø. .\ 
Do" ell. :10 Howe St.; .-\sßÍstant Secret
Iiss .J 
Stewart; Treasurer, l\1iss C. T"dd: Entertainment COlli 
mittep. \ti
;I T GO\\lIrd: Sic'" '\"lIr!'('. \Ii
" F. "'r\\lnan 

\..\., Children's Hospital, Winnipe
Hon. President, :\Iiss :\1. B. .-\llan; Pre8idrnt. :\Iiss 
Catherine Day; First 'ice-President. :\Iiss Elsie 
FraBer; Secretary, :\Ii!'s W. :\1. Barratt. Children's 
Hospital; Treasurer, :\liss:\1. D. HUl!:hes; Rick \"isitinll, 
:\Iil's Edith Jarrett; Entertainment, :\Ir!'. Geo. Wilson. 
\.A., St. Boniface Hospital, St. Boniface 
lion. President, Rev. ::;r. Krause; President. 
Iis!l K 

leCallum, 181 Enfield Cr.. Nurwood; First ''ice- 
President, :\Iiss H. ::5tephen, 15 Ruth Apt.... :\Iaryland 
St., Winnipel!:; 
econd 'ïce-President. .:\Iiss 
1. .:\fadil!. 
St. Boniface Hospital; Seeretary, 
-1i8S J. \rchibald. 
Hhriner's Hospital. WinnipelZ; Treasurer. l\1iss E 
Shirley, 14 King Georj1;e Ct., \\ innipl'l!:; Social COIII- 
mittee. :\Iis!' E. Blinks (Convener), 1)4 Cross 
""innipel!:. :\IiS8 J. Williamson. :\Iiss A. Nelson; 
'"i"iting Committee. :\li8B T. Grenville (Convener), 211 
Hill St.. Norwood; 
Ii8!\ h.. Rowan, :.\li!'S .T. Grei/(; 
Press Representative. Miss B. Altman. 420 Collel!:e 
-\ve., Winnipeg; Representatives to Loeal Council of 
\\'omen. :\IiB8 B. Altman (Com..ener). 'Ii".. R. Chandll'r. 
\Ii".. \1. Spooner. 

\.A., Winnlpe
 Gl'neral Hospital 
Hon. President. :\Irs. \. W. 
Ioody. 97 -\sh :-1., 
President, ;\Iiss E. Parker. :-;uite. 24. Carlyle .-\pts., 5X() 
Broadway; First \'ice-President, :\1rs. C. Y. Combl'!', 
.');m Dominion St.; Seeond ''ice-President. Miss J. Mc- 
Donald. Deer Lodl!:e Hospital; Third \'ice-President, 
\liB8 E. YUBSaek, 867 
Ial!:nus A,'e.; UecordinJl: Secre- 
liB8 J. Landy, "innipel!: General Hospital; 
('orrespondilll!: Secretary, :\Iis!l l\1. Graham. \\ innipel!: 
General Hospital; Treasurer, :\li!'<8 :\1. C. :\I,.Donald. 
Central Tuberculo!lis Clinic; 
Iembership. \Iiss I. 
Ramsay. Central Tubereuloøis Clinic; Sick \ïsitinl!:. 
:\Iiss ,J. Morl!:all. 102 Rose St.; Entertainment. Mrs. C. 
:\lc:\lillan, Hertfonl Blvd., Tuxedo; Editor of JOllrnal, 
:\Iis!\ R. :.\Ionk. 134 Wefltgate; BusineBfll\lanal!:er. :\Iil's 
E. Timlick. Winnipeg General Hospital; Special ('Olll- 
Ii"" P. Bro\\npll. 2].') (,hl'"tnut 


.\..\., Saint John Gcm'ral IIm.pltal 
11011. President, l\1is" E. .J. :\Iitchell; Prc"iJf'I.t. \11- 
G. L. Dunlop; First \ ice-Presidpnt. :\lls1! F, I Hen 
derson; Seeond \'iee-Preøident, :\Irs. F. \1. \1..I"l.el\l'); 

e('retary, Mrs. J. E. Reyea, 121 l'uinn St.. 
aint .John, 
N.H.; Trea"urer, 'Iiss hate Holt; -\dditioual memb('r.., 
:\Irs. .J. H. Vaul!:han. :\Irs. H. 11. :\1.-1 ('Ilan. \Ir
. \ 
G. (,linch. 
.\.A., L. P. Flsh('r :\lcmnrial Hnspltal, \\ on<istnck 
Hun. President. \Ii!'!" 1:I!'ie rullol'h; Presidput, :\Ir" 
"arry Duubar; \ï"e-Pre..idrut. :\Ii"s Glad;\-s Jla
:--e,'retary-Treasurpr. :.\Ii!'l" I'sulinf' Pahllrr: B.'ani of 
l>irf'C,tors: 'lis" G. TIIIIll<. \Ir". B. Sutton. 
Irs. Fnlton. 
alllpiller, \lisH 
. \ ('1\('1<"; ('ummdtt't' ("ml- 
"IIu'r/l: I'rugrallllllP. :\Ir!<. 1'. C'altl\\rll. \11.... ... I"l.err. 

111!1! E. Dunbur. \I1M Ii. B('lIi";:'..,, \ ..ifin&:. :\li"S II. 
( 'ullllllinll'" 
II"" D 1'('11 h. ..h.. \11-- \I,'r-pr., '1 
I'ditor, \Ii!''' \1 :'ulllphi.'r 



A,.\., ndlcvllle General Hospital 
lIon. Prel'idf'nt, :\Iiss Florence ;\lcIndoo; President, 
:\Iiss Reta Fitzgerald; \ïce-Prf'sidf'nt, :\Irs. .J. Andre\\,,; 
:'ecrf'tary, :\Iis!'l L. Smith; Treasul"f'r, Mis!'! ì\larioll 
;\lacFarlanf'; Flower Committee, ;\Iiss Betty :\leEwan; 
l{f'presentati\'e to Tile Canadian Nllr!;(', ;\Ii!'!' II. 

A.A., Brantford General Hospital 
Hon. President, :Miss E. l\1. ì\lcKee; President, :\Iiss 
K. Charnley; \"iee-President, .Miss G. Turnbull; 
liss F. J. Batty, 52 Charlottf' :'t., Brant- 
ford; Assistant-Secretary, l\1iss Y. Buckwell; Treasurer, 
:\Iiss L. R. GiHespie, General Hospital; Social Convener, 
:\Ire. F. Doherty; Flo\\er Committee, Mrs. Phillipf', 
:\Iiss W. Laird, l\Iiss :\1. 1\1. Nichol; Gift Committee, 
Miss J. Edmondson, l\Irs. E. Claridl!:e; The Canadian 
Nur8e and Press Representative, Miss H. Diamond; 
Chairman. Private Duty Council, Miss P. Cole: 
Representative to I,ocal Council of Women, Mi:>s H. 

A.A., Brockville General Hospital 
lIon. President, Miss A. L. Shannette; President, 
:\Irs. H. B. White; First \"ice-President, l\Iiss 1\1. 
Arnold; becond Vice-President, :\Iiss J. Nicholson; 
Third Vice-President, Mrs. W. B. Reynolds; Secretary, 
:\liss B. Beatrice Hamilton, Brockville General Hos- 
pital; Treasurer, Mrs. H, F. Yandusen. 65 Church :'t.; 
Representative to The Canadian Nurse, :\Iis" \. 

A.A., Publlc General Hospital 
)lon. President, Miss P. Campbell; President.. :\lis8 
B. Pardo; Vice-President, :\liss I\:. Crack!e; 
Vice-President, Miss F. Houston; Uecording Secretary, 
:\1iss E. Craig; Corresponding :,pcretary, Miss R. Will- 
more; Asst. Secretar:r, :\l!s8 :\1. Rtacey; Treasurer, 
:\Iiss R. Haley; Press Correl:'pondent, :\liss R. Baker; 
('ommittee Convl'/Iers: Refreshment, :\Iiss :\1. \Vickett; 
Buying, :\Iisses J. Finney, :\1. :\Ic
aul!:hton and :\lrs. 
It. F. Mitchell; Floral, Miss E. Orr; :O;ocial, 1'lrs. T. 
Burke; Councillors, Misses \'. Dyer, L. Baird, A. Head, 
E. Liberty; HepresentatÏ\"e to The ('anadÙI7l Nur..,., 
:\Iiss P. Griffeth. 
A.A., St. Joseph's Hospital 
Hon. President, :\Iothf'r :\Iar:r; lion. \"iee-President, 
:,ister ;\1. ('onsolata; President, :\Iiss Uuth \\- inter; 
\"ice-Prpsident, :\lif's :\1. Kearns; i"e('retary- Treasurer, 
:\Iiss J. Lundy, II:! \'an .-\Ilen Ave.; E'i:eeutives. :\Iisses 
II. Gray, I. Poissant, Z. :\Iartin, :\Irs. H. Hodgin; Hep- 
resentative District 
o. 1, R.N.,-\.O., Miss Jessie Hoss; 
Hepresentati\'e to The ('ananian Nltr..e, :\Ii:>s Y. L. 

.\.A., Corn\\aU General Hospital 
lion. President, l\Irs. J. Boldick; President, :\liss 
:\Iary Fleming; First \ïce-PrE'sident, l\Iis!\ Kathleen 
Burke; Second Vice-President, l\Iiss Bernice :\IcKillop; 
Secretary-Treasurer, l\Iiss C. Droppo, Cornwall General 
Hospital; Representative to The Canadian Nurse, Miss 
H. C. Wilson, Cornwall General HOl"pital. 

A.A., Galt Hospital 
lion. Presidellt, l\liss A. Cleaver; Presidellt, :\lil<8 
:-:. '\Iitchell; Secretary, :\liss L. MacNair, !II Victoria 
\ve.; .\SBistant Secretary, :\liss T. ltainey; Treasurer, 
!\liss ,-\. MacDonald; Flower Convener, :\Iiss Ruther- 
ford; Repre!'lentative to Tlte Canadian NUr,
e finrl PrPRR 
Hpprpspntatin'. :\Iil"s :\1. Vandyke. 

A.A., Guelph General Hospital 
lIon. President, l\liss S. A. Campbell, :O;upt. Guelph 
General Hospital; Prffiident, l\liss C. S. Zeigler; First 
\"ice-President, :\Iiss D. Lambert; Secolld \ïce-Presi- 
dent, ;\Iiss 1\1. Darby; Secretary, :\liss N. Kenney; 
freasurer, :\Iiss J. \\"atson; Committees: Flo\\er, l\li!'lR 
n. Speers, :\1 iss I. Wilson; Social, Mrs. ,\1. Cock we)) 
(Convener); Programme, Miss E. 1\1. Eby (Convener); 
Hepresentativp to Tilt, {'flnadiml Nllr.
('. Mi,,!'1 :\farioll 
\\T 00l1. 

11 \:\11 LTO:\ 
A.A., Hamilton General Huspital 
lIon. President, l\Iiss E. C. Rayrside; President, :\11"". 
R. Hess; Vice-President, 1\1i8S ì\1. Bain; Recording 

E'crptar:r, 1\1 iBS 1\1. Matheson; Corresponding Secre- 
tary, Miss H. Hauert, Hamilton G('neral Hospital; 
Treasurer, Miss .J. Jackson, :3:?6 :\Iain \\.; Assistallt 
Treasurer, Aliss G. Hodgson; ::-:ecrctary-Treasurer, 
.:\Iutual Benefit Association, :\Iiss O. Watson, 14á 
Emerald S.; Committee Convener8: Executive, 1\liss H. 
,-\itken; Flower, :\liss A. Squires; Programme, Miss 
1'1. Gosnell; Hegistry, l\Iiss N. Thompson; Bud
:\lrs. :\-1. BarIo\\; ReprE'sentative to The ('U1rad
Nurse, Miss A. 

\.A., St. Joseph's Hospital, Hamilton 
Hon. President, :\Iothf'r Martina; Pref;ident, :\liss 
Eva :\Ioran; \"ice-President, Miss F. Ni('holson; Secre- 
ta,:y, Miss 1\labE'1 '\lacIntosh, 168 Hay St.; Treasurer, 
:\I!ss :\1. Kelly; Representative to The Canadian Nurse, 
s B. McKenna, :?ï7 Herkim('r St.; Repre!'lpntati\'e 
..-\.O.. Miss .T. 

.\..\., Hotel Dleu, Kin
11011. Pre!'lident, Rev. 
ister Donovan; President, 
:\lrs. W. G. Elder; Vice-President, :\Irs. A. Hearn; 

ecretary, l\Iiss Olive .:\lcDermott; Treasurer. :\-lis!\ 
Genevieve Pelow; Executive, :\lrl:'. L. Co('hrane, 
:\Iisses K. McGarry, l\1. Cadden, J. O'Keefe; \ïsitinl!: 
Committee, Misses N. fo:peaglf', 1.. f;ullivan, L. La 
Rocque; Entertainment Committee, :\Irs. H. ". 
f'larke, :\Iil'ses X. Hickey, R. Watsnn. 
A.A., Kingston General Hospital 
Hon. President, :\Iiss Lousie D. Acton; Pretsident, 
:\Iiss Ann Baillie; First Vice-President, ;\lisR Carrie 
:\Iilton; Second \"ice-President, Miss Olivia 1\1. \\ïløoll, 
Third Vice-President, Miss A. Walsh; Seeretary, l\Iiss 
Anna Davis, 464 Frontenac St.; Treasurer. Mrs. C. W. 
:\Iallory, 203 Albert St.; CO'1lvener: Flower Committee, 
:\lrs. Sidney Smith. 151 Alfred St.; Press Representa- 
tive, l\Iiss Mary Wheeler, I\:ingston General Hospital: 
Private Duty Sectio)!. Miss Constance 
and\\ ith. 2:


.\.,\., Kitchener and Waterloo General Hospital 
Hon. President, l\liss K. W. Scott; President. Mrs. 
\\ III. Noll; First Vice-President, Mrs. W. Ziegler; 
Second \"ice-President, l\liss Elsie Trouse; Seeretary, 
:\Iiss \\ïnnifred Nelson. Apt. D., 58 Albert St. N.; 
-\ssistant-Recretary, '\Iiss Jean Sim'lair; Treasurer, 
:\Iis!'l :\1. Orr. 

LI :\ USA' 
A.A., Ross Memorial Hospital 
lion. President, :\liss E. S. Reid; Presidellt, ì\lil's L. 
.J. Harding; First Vice-President, :\Irs. O. Walling; 

ecolld \"ice-President, Mrs. :\1. I. Thurston; Corres- 
ecretary, Mrs. J. 
. l\lorrison, 46 Colborne 
:,t. \\".; Treasurer, ;\;Irs. G. R. Allen; Flower Convener, 
:\liss D. :\1. I"mith; 
ocial Convener, Miss K. 

A.A., Ontarlo Hospital 
Hon. President, :\Iiss :\Iary L. Ja('obl<; Pr('sidellt, 
. :\1. Williams,;;5 Edward :'t.; First \ïee-Pre!'li- 
dent, :\lI"s. \'. :\1. Heill:r; 
el'ond Yiee-President, l\liss 
F. H. Hall; 
ecretary, :\lrs. E. D. Gros\"enor, 52 Doulton 
\ve.; Treasurer. :\Iiss E. h.ennedy, Ontario l{o!';pital; 
Sodal f'ommittpe, Misses I. Linds!lY, L. J(plly; }'rpss 
Hf'pref'entati\'e, :\Iil's F. Burl!'!. 

.'1...'1.., St. Joseph's Hospital 
lIon. Presideut, :\lother :\1. Patrie-ia; lion. \ïl'C- 
Pre!'lirlent, Sistf'r :\1. H uth; President, Miss Olivp 
eil; First \"icf'-Prp!'ident, :\li8S !\ladalene Baker; 
:,econd \ïl'e-President, l\liss Erla Beger; Hf'('ording 
:'eerptary, l\Iiss Gladys !\Iartin; Corres!)onding :-)ecre- 
tary, l\Iiss Irene Griffen; Treasurer, :\Iiss Gladys Gray. 
Press Hepresentative, l\Iiss :-)tel l a Gignac; Hepresenta- 
tivf's to Regi
try Board, \Iissp!, Blip:! Hnllatt. ["p(';lp 

'. ()Ii\'p ()'l'\pil. 


A.A., \ictorla Hospital 
lion. l'lesident, :\Ii!'s Hilda f-:tuart; Hun. \ïl"f'-l're!oi- 
(lent, .:\Ir". A. E. 
ilverwoOO; President, l\Iiss 2\1. :\1. 
.Jones, 257 Ridout 
t. 8.; First Vif'e-President, :Mi88 H. 
Huston; Second \"ice-President, l\Ii88.:\1. 1\-JcLaugLlin; 
TreasurH, l\I iss D. Atkinson, Ii 4 Langarth :'t,; Secre- 
tary, )'Iis
 F. Quigley; Corresponding ::;ecretary, Miss 
:\1. :'n1ith, Victoria Hospital; Hoard of Diref'tors, 1\li!\Bes 
('. Gillir'f', A. :\Ialloeh, J. Mortimer, :\1. Yulf', (' 
;o;kinner, :\Ir
. (' Rose. 

1'1..\G.\R.\ FALLS 
A.A., :\"ia
ara Falls General Hospital 
Hon. President, :\lis8 :\1. R. Park; President, :\li!'s 
G. Thorpe; First Vice-President, :\Iiss H. ::;chofield; 

econd \"ice-President. Miss K. Prest; Seeretary- 
Treasurer, :\liss I. Hammond, ß;j4 Ryerson Crescent, 

iagara Falls; ('orresponding Secretar:r, Miss F. 
r oftus; Auditors, :\lrs. :\1. i:;harpe, Miss F. Loftus; 
:,ick Committee, 'liss \'. ('outt'!, :\Iiss .\. Pirie and 
:\lrs. J Teal. 

.\..\., Lord Uufferin Hospital 
Hon. President, :\lrs. 0, Fleming; President, :\Ii"s 
r.. :\1. :O;proule; First Vice-President, :\Iiss V. Lee; 
:,econd Vif'e-President, :\liss I. Allen; Corresponding 
:'ecretary. :\1iss :\1. Bridgeman; Hecording Secretary, 
:\Iiss F. :\1. Hayward; Treasurer, :\Iiss .-\. Burke. 

A.A., Odilia 
oldiers' l\lemorial Hospital 
lion. President, Miss E. Johnston; President, :\lisF. 
G. M. Went; First \"ice-President, :\liss L. Whitton; 
:,econd \"ice-President, :\lisB :\1. Harvie; Secretary- 
Treasurer, .:\-IiSB Alice :\1. Smith, 112 Peter 
HeJl:ular Meeting-First Thursda:r of earh month. 

OSH.\ W.\ 
.\..\., Osha\l\oa General Hospital 
Hon. Pre"ident, :\liss E. :\lacWilliams, General Hos- 
pital; President, Miss ,J. :\Idntosh, 414 :\Iaf:'son Rt.; 
First \'jl'e-President, :\Iiss J. Thompson, 115 Agne" :O:t.; 
Serond \"iee-PreIÚdent. :\liss R. Post, General Hospital; 
Sef'retary, :\liss :\-1. Chappell, 259 Celina St.; Assistant 
:-;ecretary, :\Iiss :\1. Tribble, 91 Connaught St.; Corn's- 
ponding ::;e('retar
r, Miss E. ('lark, 97 .\thol ;o;t.; 
l'reasurcr, :\liss E. Dif'kinson, ,,)
4 :\llIry :'t. 

01''1'.\ W.\ 
A.A., Lady Stanley Institute (Incorporatcd 191M) 
Hon. President, :\liss :\1. A. Catton, Carleton Place; 
President, :\li88 J. Blyth, (,ivic Hospital; Vice-President 
:\liss 1\1. :\Ic
iece, Perley HOllie; Secretary, 1\Ir". 
H. L. Morton, 29 ('legg Rt.; Treasurer, :\Iiss 1\1. C. 
:,Iinn. 204 Stanley Ave.; Board of Directors, 
lif's E. 
:\lcColI, :\-liss H. l\IcQuade, Miss L. Bedford, .\lrl!. 
E. C. Elmitt; HepresentatÏ\'e to The Canadian NUTse, 
:\Iiss .\. Ebbs. 80 Hamilton _-\ ve.; Represpntative to 
('entral Hegistry, l\-li88 R. Pridmore, 90 Third .-\ vp.; 
Prpsf' Rf'presentativp, 1\lif's E. Allpn. 
A.A., Ottawa Civic Hospital 
lion. Prpsidpnt, :\1.88 Gertrude Bennett; l'rpRidNlt, 
:\Iiss Fdlla Osborne; First \ ice-l'residpnt, Miss Dorothy 
econd Vice-President, Miss Lera Barry; He- 
cordi liP; :-:ecretary, l\Ii88 l\-1artha Mcintosh; Corres- 
ecretary, Miss .\1. Do\\ney; Treasurpr, :\liss 
\\ inifred Gemmell; Councillors, :\Iiss K. Clarke, :\liss 
Webb, l\1iss G. Froats. :\liss B. Eddy, .\liss E. Lyons; 
HepreselltativeB to Central Rel/;istry, 1\Iiss Inda h.f'mp, 
:\tiss K, Clarke; Press Correspondent, :\li88 Evelyn 
Pepper; Convener Flower Committpe, :\Iisf' :\1. :\Iac- 
A.A., Otta\l\oa General Hospital 
lion. l','e"iupnt, He". f'r. Flavie Domitille; I'rr/o!iuellt, 
\liRR K Bayley; Fir"t \ i('p-PreQident. :\lisR G. ('lark; 
:,econd \ïre-Presidpnt, :\Iiss :\1. :\hmroe; ::-;p('r('tary- 
TreaRurer, :\lisR Dorothy Knox, Ottawa Genf'rlLl lIof'- 
pital; l\1f'mbership :-;e('retary, :\liRS F. Poitra,,; :'i
('ommitt<,p, l\1i,,'1 P. Bissonnettp, :\Iiss:'. I\:f'arn", :\hfUII 
B. Le
ris; HepreRentati,'p to Thi' runndinn .v',TSI', 
:\tisR E. Kenn('dy; Hepresf'ntati,'f's to lo('al ('oun('11 
of \Vomen, .\lrs. Latilllpr, \lrs. ])unnf' ß nd :\1 rR. I f' 
Clair; Hf'prel'pntatives to ('f'lIf ral HplI'i!'t r
', \1 i!'R 
ROJl:er!l. :\Iil'!\ \I J.andrevillp. 


.\..\., St. Lukc's Hospital 
lion. l're"idpnt, Miss E. :\la"\\\"cll; Pre!'iuent, :\I.,,!' 
:\1. .\IacLaren; \'ire-President, :\lisR :\1. Lunall' :'eoe- 
tary, .\li88 :\1. Xelson, 44 First -\ve.; Trpasure'r, :\li".. 
I. .-\Il3:.
, 1188 Gladsto'.le .-\ \'e.; Central Registr
', :\lisSpQ 
:\1. "lIsoll, S, Carnllchael; Nominating Committpe 

. ('(ark. fo:. Carmichael, E. Young; Reprp"pnta: 
tl\'P tu TIlt rnnndinn NUTsi', \Iiss :\1. Drummond, (,ivil' 

O\\- E;\; S01J
A.A., O\\CII Sound General and \Iarine Hospital 
Hon. Presidpnt, :\liss H. Hall; Prp"ident, 
liss }O. 
Hal'; First \"ice-President, :\Iiss :\1. Paton- :'f'{"ond 
li88 J. _\jl:new; Secretary, ':\liFs .\. 
Hobertson, 473-12th 
t. \V.; Treasurer, :\1 is!' _\. 
Wepdon; Pianist, :\Iiss R. Dunoon; Flo\\er Committpp. 

Irs: .\lc:\lillan; I'rogramme Committee, :\liss :\1. 
('rUlckshank; Sick CommitteI', .\Iiss .:\1. :--im; Press 
Representative, .\liss II. Walden; l
efrp8hment Com- 
mittee, :\'IiRS C. Pennpr; .\uditor, :\Irs. .JC\hnl'ton. 

A.:\., Nicholls Hospital 
lion. President, :\1rs. E. 1\1. Leeson; Pre8iupnt, :\Iiss 
.\. Dobbin; First \"ice-President, :\lis8 H. Russell. 
ond Vice-President. Miss L. Simpson; Secretary; 
:\llss S. Battprsb:r, 400 Sheridan St.; Treasurpr, !\liss 
S. ."'000, 2.12 Barnardo Ave.; Corresponding Se('retary; 
:\11SS E. "aJl:ar, 2ï
 Park Rt.; 
oeial ('om'pner l\1iQ!, 
:\1. \\' a tSOIl. ' 

arnia Gpneral Hospital 
Hon. President, :\liss :\1. Lee; PreRident, :\li88 L. 
:,egrist; \ïee-President, l\Ii88 A. Cation; ::::ecrptar:r. 
:\1iss A. Silverthorn; Treasurer, :\li88 .-\. \\ ilson, 
Representative to The Canadian NUTse. Miss C. :\Ied- 
croft; Flo\\er C'ommittt'e (CO!l\'ener), 
liB8 D. Sha\\; 
PcoJl:ramme and f-:ocial ('ommittee, :\Iis!\ L. :'pJl:rist. 

,\..\., Stratford General Hospital 
lIon. President, 
liss A. :\1. :.\Iunn; President. :\Ii!'s 
L .-\tt\\oOO; ''ice-Presidpnt, 
1. :\1l"
;o;erretary- Treasurer, 
lrs. Ii:. 
nidpr, 36 Douglas 
:'o("ial Convener, l\liss _\. Rock; Flowpr ('on,'ener; 
:\1 iss ('. :'taplel'. 

A.A., 'lack Trainini1 School 
lion. Presidpnt, 
Ii"s .-\nne WriJl:ht, Geueral Uo"pi- 
tal; Prpllident, :\li8S Nora 
old, Gpnpral Hospital; 
Fir"t \ïl"e-President, l\1il.<s :\larl/:aret :\1,'Clunie, 3!1 
(,haplin Ave.; 
econd Vice-President, :\lisB Evel
Horton, Louth ::'t.; Secretary-Treasurer, :\liss J. Hastil', 
General Hospital; Social ('oulluittep, :\li88 Aileen 
.Johnston, General Hospital, :\lil'8 J>ollalda \'eale. 35 
t., :\Iiss Bprnice Hull', 146 \\ piland -\\ e.; 
Hepresputstive to The Canadian Surse, :\lis8 Feathpr- 
stone, 17 Hainer :'t.; Correspolldpnt. :\li88 Current; 
I'rol/:rammp Committee, 
liBS Brubaker, 1 Fitzl/:prald:,t. 

A.A., :\Iemorlal Hospital 
lIon. Presidellt, :\Iiss .-\rmstrolll/:; ][011. l're!<iuent, 
:\Iiss Bm'hanau; PreRidf'nt, :\1iB8 Belli' :\htl'hener; 
First \"il'p-I'resident, :\liss ,\nuie Campht'lI; 
\"ire-President, :\lisll .Jervpll; Hpl'oniinJl: 
:\Ii!'s ESI\eltinp; CorreRpondinJl: :-'ef'Cpta.ry, :\lisQ 1 anllllld, 
Treasurer, :\Iis!l ClaJ poll'; E,\;pl'utiH'''. :\liR" :\1,' \Ipinp, 
:\liss Irvine, :\Iiss Nona :\lanni"\, \Ii"" lIazf'1 lIa!<tinJ!s, 
:\IIS8 L. Crane; Committ('(' rOnre"I'T.': "ominatinl/:, 
:\lillS ,J. Grant; :,il"k :-';ursinl!:. \li
Q F. 1 anyon; :"lI'ial, 
:\Iisf' ('. Hobf'rtson; PUCl'hasinJl:, :\Ii"" L. Hon"..n; \\ RJ'I 
and :\leanB, :\lis" Olin- I'udd..u; Hppr('Rpntati,'p to 
The rnlladin" .VIIT"', :\Iis'l .\I1I
' Prin,'f'; Hf'I'rf'''entati\f' 
to the IL:\ .\.0., \li"s :\llIry 'I,I

rORo:'\ 1'0 
\..\., (;rac(' lIospltal 
'I<,n. I'n,,,.drnt, :\Ir'l. ('. J. ('un if'; I'Cl'...ldl.llt. :\Ir". 
\\ . ,J. Cryderman; B.ecordiul/: Sel'rf't.ary, :\liSl\ D"ri" I. 
h.f'nt; Corrf>fOpondlllg 
('cretary, :\lls/l Lillian E. \\. nod, 
:!() l\IaRon Bh'd.. 1"orontn 12; Tn',,"ur"r. 'Ii.... \ \1, 1 !I-I ('..u inll'lmm 



 :\.:\., Thl' (;rant \lacDonald Trainin
for Nurses 
Hon. President, :\Iiss Ef-ther :\1. Cook, I:JO Dunn 
.\ve.; President, :\Iiss Ida Weekes, 1:J0 Dunn .-\w'.; 
ident, :\Irs. :\Iarion 
Illith; Recording Secre- 
tary, :\Ii!'!s Norma :\f('Leod; Correspondinjl; Hecretary, 
:\Iiss Ethel Watson, I:W Dunn .-\ ve.; Treasurer, :\Iiss 
'lIis La\\rence; 
O('ial Com'ener, :\Ii
!'! Betty Bl

A.A., Hospital for Sick Children 
Hon. Presidents, Mrs. Goodson, 1\Iiss F. Potts; Hon. 
Vice-President, Miss Austin; President, :\Irs. 
\'ice-Presidents, :\Irs. Cassan, :\Irs. Haymond; Hecord- 
injl; Se('fetary, :\Ii!'!s E. Lanjl;man; Corre!'<pondinjl; 
;-';e('retary, :\Iiss ì\1. Bla('kwood; Treasurer, :\Iiss De('k, 
613 Avpnuf' Hd.; ('ommittee CmlVelleTs: :'m'ial, :\Irs. A. 
Russpll; Flower, :\IislO H. Fisher; PrOjl;ramme, ì\li
Elliott; Publications, :\Iiss 
. E. Le\\is; Hejl;istry. :\fis!'< 
('urrie; Welfare, :\[iAS ParkPr; H.X.,-\.O., :\fi!'<s :\liIlpr. 

A.A., Riverdale Hospital 
President, Miss Alma Armstrong, Riverdale Hos- 
pital; First Vice-President, Miss Gertrude Gastrell, 
ùh-erdale Hospital; Second Vice-Presidpnt, l\Ir!!. F. 
Lane, 221 Riverdale Ave.; Secretar:r, Miss 
Staples, 491 Broadview Ave.; Treasurer, Mrs. H. 
Dunbar; Board of Directors. Miss K. ì\fathieson, 
Riverdale Hospital, Miss S. Stretton, 7 Edgewood 
.\ve.. Miss E. Baxter, Riverdale Hospital, 1\Irs. E. 
Quirk, 1tiverdale Hospital, Miss L. Wilson, 11 Sher- 
wood Ave.; Press and Publications, Miss Laurel 
"ïlson, II Sherwood A "e.; Toronto. 

A.:\., St. John's Hospital 
lIon. President, Sister Beatrice, ::5t. John's Convent; 
I'resident, Miss Susan Morgan, 322 Ht. George St.; 
First Vice-President, Miss Nan Hethprington, Nurses' 
Residence, Toronto General Hospital; tlecond \'ice- 
President, Miss Kathleen llurtchall, 28 Major St.; 
Recording Secretary, Miss Helen Frost, 450 Ma
-\ve.; Corresponding Secretary, :\fiss Margaret Creigh- 
ton, 152 Boon Ave.; Treasurer, Miss Winnifred Webb, 
77 Summf'rhill Ave.: Con-reTler8: Entertainment Com- 
mittee, Miss :Nettie Davis, 32 Albany Ave.; Sick and 
Visitinjl; Committee, Miss Gladys Batten, 32 Albany 
--\ve.; Press Representativp, l\liss Gra('e Dohprty. 26 

orwood Hoad. 

A.A., St. Joseph's Hospital 
lIoll. Pre'lident. Hev. Rister Mary :\[argaret; Presi- 
dent. Miss M. Kelly; First Vice-President, :\Iiss O. 
Kidd; Hecond Yice-President, Miss 1\1. Daly; Record- 
illg Secretary, :\-liss 1\1. Goodfriend; Corresponding 
Secretary, Mi!'<s \'. Hanley; Treasurer, Miss F. Hobin- 
son; Councillors, l\li!'<ses -\. Timlin, L. Dunhar, L 
Power, R. \fcCue. 

A..\., St. Michael's Hospital 
Hon. President, Rev. Sister Norine; Hon. ''ice- 
President, Rev. Sister Jean; President, Miss Ethel 
Crocker; First Vice-President, Mrs. Aitkin; Second 
Vice-President, Miss Mary Edwards; Third Vice- 
President, Miss Helen Dunnill:an; Corresponding 
Secretary, MiB8 M. Doherty; Recording Secretary, 
:\liss Marie Melody; Treasurer, Miss G. Coulter, 42 
IS:lbelia St., .Apt. 204, Toronto; Press Representative, 
\Iiss May Greene; Councillors, Misses J. O'Connor, 
:\1. Madden, H. Kerr; Private Duty: Miss A. Gaudet; 
Public Health. :\Iiss I. McGurk; Hepresentative ('en- 
teal Hegistry of N \lfses, Toronto. :\[iss ì\1. l\Ielod

A.A., Toronto General Hospital 
Hon. Vi('e-President, Miss Jean Gunn; Presidpnt. 
:\Iiss N. Fidler, Ontario Hospital, Whitby; First 
Vice-President, :\1iE's J. .\nderson; Recond \'icp- 
President. Miss E. Manninjl;; 
ecretary, !\Ir!'<. A. "'. 
Farmer, 89 Breadalbane tit.; Treasurer, Miss E. 
Hobson, T.G.H. H('!'<idence; Assistant Treasurer, Miss 
Forgie; Archivist, l\fiss Kniseley; Counf'ÏlIors, Miss J. 
Wilson, Miss Dix, Miss Cryderman; Committee Con- 
!'eneTS: Flower, l\-fiss 1\1. 1\IcKa:r; Programme, Miss 
K Stuart; Press, Miss 1\1. Stewart, Ki. 5155; Insurance. 
'fiss M. Dix; Nomination!!, 
\liss C. Soudwith; Social. 
:\[iss .J. Mitchell; EJizal1f't.h Fif'lf! 
mith; :\Jf'morial 
Fl1nrl. :\1 i!'s n annan I 

\..\., Toronto Orthopedk ànd East General 
Hospital Trainini1 School for l'urses 
lIon. President, Miss E. :\lcLean, Toronto En"t 
General Hospital; Prpsident, 1\lrs. E. Philips 15.. 
Donlands Ave.; Vice-President, :\liss J. l\IdI
155 Donlands ,-\ vp.; Secretary-Treasurer. Miss N. ,_ 
\\'ilson, fíO Cowan Ave.; Representative to Centrnl 
Hejl;istry, .Miss 1\1. Beston. 753 Glencairn Ave.; l\fiss 
, 748 Soudan Ave.; Representative tl' 
..\.O., :\llss ß. :\facIntosh, 748 Sondan Ave. 

.\.A., Toronto Western Hospital 
lIon. President, :\Iiss B. L. Ellis; President, :\Ii!'!'< 
Iatthews, 74 Westmount Ave.; Vice-President, 
:\l1ss U. Colwell; Recordinjl; 
ecretary, Miss G. Patter- 
lOon; Secretary-Treasurer, Miss Helen Stpwart, Toronto 
"'pstern Ho!'pital; Representative to The ('m/fuliml 
e, 1\li!'s F. Gref'naway. 

A.A., Wellesley Hospital 
Hon. President, l\liss Ross; President, ;\Iiss 1\1. 
:\fcClinchey; \'ice-President, Miss Jessie Gordon' 
Corresponding Secretary, Miss l\largaret Anderson: 
Treasurer, Miss I. Archibald, 659 Huron 
t.; Corn'E'- 
pondent to Th(' Canadiu'1I NUTse, 
\Iiss I. On!'lo\\. 

A.A., Women's ColleJ1,e 1I0jpitai 
Hon. President, :\Irs. Bowman; Hon. \'ice-Presldent, 
:\Iiss Meiklejohn; President, ì\liss Worth, 9:J Scarboro 
Beach Blvd.; Secretary, Miss Free, 48 Northumberland 

t. Treasurer; :\Ii!'<s Fraser, 125 Rusholme Hoad. 

A. \., Hospital Instructors and Administrators, 
University of Toronto 
Hon. President, l\liss E. K. Russell; Hon. \'ice- 
Presidpnt, Miss G. Hiscocks; President, Miss Glad\\yn 
.Jones; First Vice-President, Miss 1\1. :\IcCamus; 
Second Vice-President, :\Iiss E. Young; Secretary, 
:\Iiss C. l\I. Cardwell. Toronto General Hospital; 
Treasurer, !\Iiss 1\1. :\lcKay, Toronto General Ho!'pital. 

.\..\., Connau
ht Trainin
 School for 
Toronto Hospital, Weston 
lion. President, 
\li8s E. :\-IacP. Dickson, Toronto 
Hospital. \\
eston; \'ice-President, l\li!'s Ann Bolwe\l, 
Toronto Hospital. 'Weston; Se('retary, Miss G. Leem- 
injl;, Toronto Hospital, Weston; Treasurer, :\Iiss R. 
:\1C"Ka:r, Toronto Hospital, \'"eston; Convener 01 
f'ocial Committee, l\filO8 :\1. Jones, Toronto HOlOpital, 
". e!'<ton_ 


:\..\., Hotel Dieu, Windsor 
President, :\Iiss Mary Perrin; First \ïce-Presidpnt, 
:\Iiss Marie Odette; Second \'ice-President, Miss Zoe 
Londeau; Secretary, 
Iiss 1\1. Spence; Treasurer, Miss 
Mary Fener; Programme Committee, Misses H. 
Mahoney, A. Harvey. H. Slattery; Rick Committee, 
:\Iisses H. Farrell, II. Greenway, l\I.. McGlory; Social 
('ommittep, MissesJ. Londpau, N. \\'ebster, I. ReaulllP; 
Correspondent to The Ca'1ladian NUTse. l\liss ì\lary 
Finnejl;an. 1\Ieetinjl; second Monday every Illonth, 8 p.m. 

A.A., General Hospital 
.First lion. Pre!'!ident, Miss France!'! I'harpe; 
lIon. President, Miss Helen Potts; Prpsident, :\-lif:1< 
l\lahel Costello; ''ice-President, :\Iiss .\nna Cook; 
Hecordinl,( Recretary, :\lisB Lila ,fad.son; Correspond- 
ing Se('retary and Press Representative, l'vJiss Dori!'< 
Craig; 510 George St.; .A!'<sistant Secretary, Miss Jean 
I\:elly; Treasurpr, ì\liss :.\Iaude SIajl;ht; COnvener8 of 
('ommittees: Programme, 
Iiss Ella Eby; Flower, Mis!> 
Eo \\'atson; Social, :\Irs. :\J('Dil"lrmid, :\Jr!' l' .J"hIlSflll. 
\Iis!'! IIa!<tinll!'. 




.\..\., Lachine General Hospital 
lion. President, Miss :\1. L. Brown; President, 
H.ose \\íl!!on; \'ice-President, Miss 1\1. McNutt; 
:'ccretary- Treasurer, :\1iss ,-\. Roy, 3i9 ::;t. Catherine 
:'t., Lachine; Executive Committee, :\1Ï8s Lapierre, 
:\liss B)Tns. 'Ieeting, first 
I'mday of each month. 

.\.A., Children's :\Iemorial Hospital 
HOIl. President, 
Iiss .-\. Kinder; President. :\IiSB H. 
Paterson; Vice-President, :\Iiss H. !\utall; ::;ecretary, 
\Ii"" J. Cochrane, 1615 Cedar Ave.; Treasurer. :\liBs 
L. Destromp; Executive Committee, :\lisB E. Hillyard, 
:\lisB :\1. Flander; Social Committee, convener, l\IiB!' 
:\1. Gill. :\Iiss A. Adlington, :\Iiss :\1. :\lcCallum and 
\Iiss 1\1. Robinson; Representative to The Canadian 
liBs V. Schneider; Sick Committee, 
II. Ea!'terbrook. 

A.A., Homeopathic Hospital 
PreBident, :\Iiss .-\. Porteous; \ïce-President, :\Iiss 
:\1. Hayden; Treasurer, 
Iiss D. :\1 iller, Homeopathic 
HOBpital; .-\sl'istant Treasurer. 
Iiss X. Hurner; :-;eere- 
tary, :\liss :-;. Holland; _-\ssiBtant :-;ecretary, 
Iiss J. 
Gray; Private Dilly Section, :\Iiss .-\. Porteous; Pro- 
gramme Committee, :\Iiss H. Bright; Entertainment 
('ommittee, :\Iiss :\1. Hayden; Hepref'entative to The 
{'anadian N ur8e, :\liss .J. Whi tmore; Hepresentative, 
:\Iontreal Graduate Nurses .-\ssoeiation, 
Iiss :\1. 
iek Benefit i"ociety, :\Irs. J. Warren, 

L'.\ssociation des Gardes-:\Ialades Graduées de 
I'Hôpital Notre-Dame 
E"ecutif: :\Iesdemoiselles Alice lepine, Présidente: 
-\lice Gelinas, \ïce-Présidente; _-\line Leduc, 2ième 
uzanne Giroux, Trésorière; :\Iargue- 
rite Pauze, :,ecrétaire; Conseillères: :\Iesdemoiselles 
Germaine Brisset, Irene Houillard, Eu/!enie Tremblay, 
Fran('oise Chevrier, .Juliette Beaulieu. 

.\..-\., MontrL>a1 General Hospital 
IIun. PreFidents, 
Iiss J. Webster, :\Iiss N. Tedf"rd, 
:\liss F. E. 
trumm; Hon. Treasurer, :\Iiss H. Dunlop; 
Hon. :\Iember, :\Iiss J. Craig; Pre!!ident, :\Iiss E. 
Frances Lpton, Ste. 221, 1:396 
t. Catherine 
t. ".: 
First \ïce-Pre!'ident, :\Ii!'s :\1. !\Iathe\H1Un; :-:eeond 
\ï('e-PreBident, :\Irs. L. H. Fisher; H.eeurdimz :-;eeretar:r, 
:\Iiss D. :-:now; CorrespondinR; :-:eeretary, :\Irs. E. C 
:\Ienzies, 66:
5 Lasalle Blvd., \'erdun: Trea!'lurer (.-\Ium- 
nae -\ssociatiun and :\lutuaJ Benefit Committee), :\Iis" 
1. Davie", :\Iontreal General Huspital: E"pcutive Com- 
mittee, :\Iiss \1. I\:. Holt. :\Iiss II. 
ewton, :\Iis!' L 
Sutton, :\liss O. Lilly, :\liss H. Herman; Hepresenta- 
tives to Prirate Duty Seetioll, :\Iiss I:. Gruer (Convener), 
:\Iiss C. Cole, 
Iiss E. :\Iar!'hall: nlC'presentati\ e tu 
The. CanadiaIt Nur8e, :\Iiss I. ""ellinjl; (Convener), 
:\Iontreal General Hospital: Hepresentatives to LOf'al 
(' of "omen, 
Iiss G. Colley, :\Iiss M. Hos!'; 
:'iek \'isiting Committee. :\Iiss F. E. 
li8S B. 
Herman; PcolI;ramme Committee, :\liss I. Davie", :\Iis!' 
:\1. Batson; Uefreilhment Committep. :\Ii!''! n. Under- 
hill (Convener), 
Iiss r. Coomhe!'l, :\Iiss C. Fitzl/:prald. 
\Iiss n. 
.\..\., Ro) al \ ictoria Hospital 
lIon. President, :\IiHS E. _\. Drapt'r; I're:!ident, :\lIh:; 
:\1. F. HcrsP\': Fir!'t \ïce-President, :\Iiss J. :-'tpvpnson: 
:-,econd \ï"e:Pl'psident, 
Irs. Grieve; Ue('ordinjl; 
ry, l\Ii"s E. B. ROlI;ers: :'ecretary-Treasurer, 
Ii"s 1\.. 
mer, Hoyal \ïetnria Hospital: Exe('utive Committpp, 
:\Irs. E. Hobert!!, :\lrs. G. C'. :\Iplhado, :\Irs. Prideau"\, 
:\lisses E. I:tter, E. Heid, .\. Bulman; COnrCl/er8 uf 
('ommittH": Finance, :\Iiss H. C'ampbcll: 
id, \ïsitinl/:, 
\Ii!'s n. Fellnw!': Prnl/:rammp, :\Ir". I\:. Jlut,'hi!'flJl: 

Ht:freshments, :\Iislo' :\1. Huwle)'; Priwte Duty Sectiul/. 
\Ilss R. CUl'hrane; Representatives to Lol'al Counl'il 
of 'Vomen. :\Iiss J. :5tevenson, :\Irs. E. ('ooper' neprp- 
:,pntative tf) Th.. Canadian .Vur8e, :\Ii!'" r. \lIrler. 

.\.A., \\onlen's Gencral Hospital, \\estmount 
Hon. President!', 
Ii:.s F. Georjl;e, :\Ii!'s E. Trenl'h. 
lrs. L. :\1. Crewe; First \ï"e-I're!'ident, 
:\llss E. :\Ioorc; 
econd \'ice-President, :\lis:. K :\Iar- 
tin; .H.ecording ðecretary, :\liss R. 
i"\smith; Corres- 
ponding ::;ecretary, 
liBS N. Bro\\n, .-\pt. 5, 1187 Hopp 
-\ve.; Treasurer. :\I:ss I:. L. Frances, 1:!10 
u!'lse" _'he.; 
:-;ick \ïsitinlr. :\Iiss G. \\ïl"on, 
Iis" L. Jensen; Prirate 
Duty, 1\Irs. T. Robertson, :\Iiss R. Burgher; Hepresen- 
tative to The Canadian Nurse, 
Ii".. ('. :\Iorrow' ::5ocial 
Committee, :\Irs. Drake, 
Iiss Clarb.. Hegu1ar n;onthh 
meeting pvery third \\'edneBday, 8 p.m. . 

A.A., School for Graduate 
urøes, \Ic<';ill 
Hun. Presidcnt, l\liss :\Iary Samuel: lIolJ. \ïl"e- 
President, Miss Bertha Harmer: Hon. 

L F. Hersey, 'IiI's Grace :\1. Fairley, Dr. Helen 
R. Y. Heid, Dr. Maude -\bbott, :\Ir!'l. R. ". Reford, 
:\liBB i\I. L. 
Ioag; President, 
Iiss :\Iadeline Taylor. 
\ïctorian Order of 
urses, 1246 Bishop St.; \'ice- 
President, Miss Marion E. Nash, \ i,.torian Order of 

 urses. 1246 Bishop :'t. : Secretary-Treasurer, :\Iit'!' 
:\1. E. Orr, The Shriners' Hospital. Cedar Ave., Mont- 
real; Chairman, Flora :\Iadeline 
ha\\, 1\lemorial Fund, 
:\liss E. Frances Lpton, 1396 :'t. Catherine 
t. \\ ; 
Programme Convener, Miss F. :\1l'Quade, \\ omen's 
General Hospital. 
Iontreal; Repre!'entatives to Local 
Council of Women, :\li[Os Lijl;gett, :\Iiss Parry; Repre- 
!'entatives to The. Canadinll Nurlje, Administration, 

liss B. Herman, Western Division, 
Iontreal General 
Hospital: Teachinll;. Miss E. B. HOl[er!!, Hoyal \ïctoria 
Ho[Opital; Public Health. Miss E. ('hurch, \ïctnrian 
Order of 
ur!'es, 1246 Bishop 

\..\., Jeffrev Hale's Hospital 
lIull. Pre"ident. :\lrs. BarrO\\: Pre!'ident. :\lil's n. 
.Jackson: First \ï('e-Pre!'ident, :\li"I' K Fitzpatri('b.; 
:-,econd \ï,'e-President, :\lrs. C \ ounl[; He('ordinl/: 
Iiss E. :\1l'Callum; Corre!'pondin
tary. :\Ii,,!' :\1. Fis(.her; TreB.l!urer, :\liss E. 'If.Hør!!:: 
Hepresentative to The Calladian Nurtle. :\1 is!' X 
:\Iartin; Prir:ate Dutil SfCtion: :\Iiss G. :\Iørtin; 1'\('1.. 
\ïsiting Committee, :\Irs. Barro\\ and 
Irs. Buttimure: 
Hefreshment ('ommittef'. :\lrs. :\Iellinlr, 
Iiss \\ ear)'. 
:\Iis!! Han!'en. :\Iil's :\1 eClinto(.h; COUlwillurs. 
I i!'" 
. ('r/lil/:, \Irs. .In,.I-''on, :\Ii!'!' \In,.b.a), 
11. \IIa Ill!'. 

\..\., Sherbrooke Hospital 
lIon. PreHidpnts, 
lis." 1:. Fran"c!' l" pton, :\I i"" \ ("'Jllt 
Bpallf': Pre!'ident. 
I r!'. Gordon :\Ia('l\:a)'; Fir!'! \ï('e- 
Presidf'nt, :\Iiss O. lIan f'y; :,pe<llId \ï,'p-Pre"idpn!. 
:\Irs. .-\. :-;avajl;e; He('ordinl[ I"pl'retllry, :\lis" :\1. Gdi1l3S; 
Corresvondillll; :'el'CetaQ'. 
Ir... Herhert 
Ii"s .\lil'e Lystpr, lOa \\pIlilll(ton :-'t. X.; 
HeJ-rpselltati\p to The ('mlGdiall Vurs. \Ii,.,,, F. 

S.\SK.\ TCHEW.\:\ 

\. \., Saskatoon City lIo!>pltal 
)(011. Presidf'lIt, 
Ii,,!' C. :\1. \\ ØtSOIl: Prt'"idpnt, 
:\1. H. Chisholm; First \ï,.{.-Pre"idpllt, :\Ii!-f' G. :\Iullroe; 

f'(,olld \ï('p-Prel'idellt. \Ii!'!' II. Joll1l!!ton: Bp(', rdinl/: 

p('retary, :\Ii!lil ,I. \\. ell,,: CfJrrespolldilll/: :-'f'('retnn. 
:\Iiss L. I\:irk, 4IÐ-!lth :'1.: Trc'u!'urer, :\Ii!-" -\. Fprl/:u!'on. 
('Ollveller8: Prp!,!!, :\liss :\1. E. Crallt; Helief, :\Iifls G 
\1 unroe: :'i('k \ïsltilll/:, 
I iss :\1. Grahalll: Fdu,'atiolll!.l. 
:\lrs.G. PPlldlptoll:\\u\:,ul)(1 \I..un!'. :\II
" \I. Ihll1l'"n 
Ir!'. II nlll'I-. . 

. . . OFF. . . D U 1 1 1 7 . . . 

'The othcr day . being in a domestic mood . . . we sallied forth . . . to 
a sale of blanl{ets very nice they were too . . . exotic lavender affairs. . . 
bound with satin . apricot and rose þinl{ and pastel blue .. bt
we steeled ourselves . against these ridiculous extravagances . . . and went 
over to . . . a counter marl{ed "greatly reduced for clearance" 
we successfully evaded . . . a saleslady l-f..'ith sanguinary finger nails . . . and 
encounteïed a grey' haIred sales gentleman . . . who tool{ us in charge. . . "Now 
those Scotch blanl{ets" ., said he benevolently . . . "are worth considerin
. . . not much to 1001{ at . . . but very electric". . assuming a I{nowledge 
. . . we do not possess .. we said it was highly important . . . that blanl{ets 
purchased by us . . . should be electrified . . . "of course", said he . . . "it 
depends upon whether you . . . are electrical )'ourself' .. we said we wen
afraid we weren't . . . at last not very . . . however we scuffed our feet. . . 
on the carpet . . . and elicited quite a sþarl{. . from the blanl{ets . . . th
sales gentleman said . . . we were þretty good .. but that he was better 
and he was . . . he managed to call forth .. a much longer and bluer spar
. . . than we did . . . after we had become .. the proud possessor . . . 
of the sensible Scotch blanl{ets . . . we found ourselves regretting . . . thos
lovely þastel shades . . . and we thought of all the blan"1{ets . . . we had seen 
in Our professional career . . . gray bath blanl{ets . . . horrid things 
. . . badly shrunl{ yellowish blanl{ets .. which slipped out . when YO!t 
tried to m(.:.
e . . . neat envelope corners . . . on the beds . . . bloodstained 
ets . . . on ambulance stretchers . . . hot pac
 blanl{ets . . . wrung OL
1.I{e long snal{es . . . red blanl{ets in English hospitals . . . gay in the firelight 
. . . baby blanl{ets . . . these were nice . . . blanl{ets on trains . . . dar
brown, heavy and cold . . . white blanl{ets on clothes lines . . . blowing in the 
prairie wind . . . a blanl{et used as a sail . . . in a birchbarl{ canoe . . . ({ 
dangerous procedure . . . unless you are an Indian . . . and not very safe evcn 
then . . . but the most beautiful blanl{et . . . we ever saw . . . was a deep 
crimson . . . and was draped . . . lil{e a Greel{ robe over the shoulders . . . 
of an Indian chief . . . I.vho might weIl have been . . . the 'model for Rodin'.
statue .. "The Age of Bronze" . . . since that time . . . (it was before 
the 'movies carne) . . . we have seen I{mgs ar1d rulers . . . but none of them 
. . . could have worn . . . that crimson blanl{et . . . with such a natural 
majesty. . u'hen the time came . . . for this Chief to explore . . . thos.: 
far hunting gruunds . . . of his race . . . which lie east of the sun . . . and 
west of the moon . . . he went with his crimson robe . . . draped about hirr.. 
. . as a 
ing should . 




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will tahf' place on 16th, 17th and löth :\lüy, 
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· )1. XXX 
A Y 1934 
I). 5 



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A Nl RSI:\'G ALLEGORY Cat1Jerine de J\l..ully Fraser 217 











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Please address all correspondence to: 
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VOL. XXX, No. 5 


DOSAGE )) )) >> 


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For information apply to: 

:\fcGiII University, \fontreal 

VOL. XXX, No. 5 


Canad ian 


A Monthly Journal for the Nurs('s of Canada 
Pubhslu-d by th
 Canadian Nurses Association 





G. H. STEvENSON, M.D., Medical Superintendent, The Ontario Ho!>pital. Whidw. 

I should like first of all to define th
mentally healthy person as one who de' 
rives a satisfying degree of contentment 
from life as he meets it and who in times 
()f severe stress is still able to preserve his 
poise and a fair degree of efficiency. This 
ùefinition implies that the main business 
of living is to get satisfaction from useful 
and altruistic efforts and not from fan' 
tasy, nor from the suffering of those we 
meet, and that the criterion of our men' 
tal strength is our ability to withstand 
difficult and trying situations. 
Our Ships 
Let us discuss the suhject 
allegorically and represent each one of us 
as a ship with its captain d.nd crew set' 
ting forth across the sed. of life to an 
unknown port. Translated into mental 
hygiene terms the ship is the total per' 
sonality. The owner, the captain, is rep' 
resented by the intelligence of the Ego, 
amI the sea of life is the span of time from 
the assuming of adult responsibilities un' 
til we finally release ourselves from them 
in old age. The ship is launched at our 
birth, and is the product of two long lines 
of ancestors, who have given us our can' 
stitution, our hull. The generd.l shape and 
size of our craft is therefore determined 
for us by our inheritance .1I1d for the 
next twenty years the ship is being got 
re.ldy for the sea. During these years we 
.lre growing, we are being trained (well 
or ill), we are acted upon by all those 
environmental influences of our chIld, 
hood anJ adolescence. 

(An address dcli\(
red to the R, gist< reJ Nurses A

,'j,11 ion of Dnt,mo.) 

It will thus be obvious that the kind 
of a ship we are at the dge of twenty IS 
dependent on the quality and size of the bequeathed to us by our an' 
cestry, plus what we have received from 
the environmental influences, ,llso largely 
Jetermined for us by our parents. That 
is to say, until the age of twenty, we have 
h;id very little to do with the construe 
tion or equipment of the ship, and at or 
about this time we he
in to captain our 
own craft. 

All Killds of Craft 
It is important for us to realize that as 
ships d;ffcr in si:e and shape, so do hu 
nl.ln ships. Some of us are luxury liners, 
some freighters, some tug bOd.ts, others 
are graceful yachts, while not a few of us 
are noisy motor boats, and sea fleas, and 
some even are pirate craft, or dangerous 
submarines slinking through life with 
sinister motives. Then we have all known 
people who can best be descrihed as 
lMttleships, and I t,lke it that doctors .11lJ 
nurses are hospitd.l ships, relid ships and 
life'saving craft. By this I mC,lIl to say 
that we ar
 not all ðpected to do the 
S,lIne work in life, that some of us are 
speedier or stronger than others, and that 
while d. few of us mdY have expensive and 
showy interiors, the majority of us must 
do the common work of the world, and 
still others of us heIp to give he,lUty and 
joy to life -the artists ,lI1d poets. 
How m,lY you know sort of a 
cr,tft is yours? How se,lworthy is it? How 
much cargo can it carry? \Ve can get 
..;ome iJl';l of our ment,tl si:e anJ strength 




by looking back at our progenitors. Were 
they hardy, capable, courageous people, 
or did they not possess these qualities? 
Did they resort to alcohol or to fantasy 
or to psychosis, when buffetted by heavy 
sed.s? Were they sensitive, artistic, re' 
tiring, and seeking to escape responsi- 
bility? All of us have had some ancestors 
with strong characteristics, and others 
with characteristics and tendencies less 
desirable. Which of them do we most 
resemble? And what pattern have we 
tended to follow during our childhood 
and adolescence? How do we carry our 
Cd.rgo of responsibilities even now? Do 
we worry about them continually? Do 
we lose sleep and appetite? Are we easily 
discouraged? Our answers to these ques- 
tions should give us some ideas of the 
nd strength of the craft which is 
ours. Nor should one be dIsappointed if 
he comes to the conclusion that he is not 
the flagship of his line. Far better for him 
to face the situation honestly, to know 
not only his weaknesses, but also hi
strength so that he md.Y assume a cargo 
of business and domestic responsibility 
commensurd.te to his carrying ability. The 
captain who knows the weak points of 
his craft seeks to perfect himself in navi- 
g,lting skill. A small boat well navigated 
will withstand the storms of life much 
better thd.n a proud liner indifferently 

A n Even Keel 
The bOd.t will have difficulty weather- 
ing the gales if the weight is not properly 
centred, either by poor construction or by 
improper arrangement of the cargo. We, 
too, will not weather life's gales so well, 
if we ,He off centre- - eccentric. One of 
these eccentricities that cripple us may be 
an undue sensitiveness. We should cu]- 
tivate a reasonably thick skin so that we 
;Ire not severely hurt if we graze a dan- 
gerous rock. This sensitiveness may be 
due to our original construction, or to 
the well-known inferiority complex, ac- 
Ljuired during the formative years. Most 

of us have such a complex, but there are 
healthy and unhealthy ways of reacting 
to It. It is unhealthy to have no self-con- 
fidence, to want to shirk any specific joh, 
to wish to avoid meeting people or diffi- 
culties. It is also unhealthy to overcom- 
pensate, as so many people do, by be- 
coming pompous, domineering, loud (in 
voice or appearance, or action), scornful 
of subordinates, refusing to take advice. 
The proper way to handle an inferiority 
complex is first of all to be willing to 
recognize our inferiorities and, not for' 
getting our virtues, attempt to correct 
these inferiorities so far as may be pos- 
sible, especially those which hamper our 
relationship to our fellows, and to use 
the complex itself to spur us on to our 
hest efforts in those qu'alities and fields 
which have definite social value. An in- 
feriority complex so used, may become 
our hest asset. 
Some eccentpicities we deliherately cui- 
tivd.te because we are proud of them. We 
like to think we are superior to the rest 
of the fleet, if only in one It 
should he remembered that such cultiva- 
tion is most likely an overcompensation 
for an inferiority, and th,lt it may not 
have the social or personal value we like 
to attribute to it. It should be remember' 
ed further that such a misplaced indi- 
vidualism may not only he ridiculous but 
md.Y become actually dangerous to our 
security and to the enjoyment of good 
mental health. 

Every craft is designed to carry a 
cargo, which shall not exceed a certain 
weight. The cargo we all must carry is 
that of life's responsibilities, our jobs, our 
home, our duties as citizens. Every well, 
made ship should be able to carry a rea- 
sonable cargo reasonably well. Many of 
us get into difficulties in heavy seas, how' 
ever, by having taken on more cargo than 
we should have carried, particularly a 
surplus of useless and even dangerous 
cargo. It is perhaps just as unsafe to put 
VOL. XXX, No. 5 


to sea without any load. We need re- 
sponsihilities to give us hallast and to keep 
us at the proper level for good sailing. 
The useless and dangerous cargo we carry 
,lre those un justified worries and fears 
which are so common. Many of these 
come from what is called a guilty con- 
science, errors of long ago, which unfor- 
tunately have never been properly at- 
tended to. Dr. S. R. Montgomery and 
the writer* were able to show that an 
unresolved guilty conscience may lead to 
serious mental disability. We believe that 
matters of conscience are now demon- 
strated to be definitely on a scientific 
helsis within the field of mental hygiene. 
A person with a sense of guilt (as all 
of us have) should not allow that sense 
of guilt to act as an unnecessary burden. 
"All we, like sheep, have gone astray," 
and everyone has done things which he 
wishes he had not done. The conscience 
should be cleared at least every twenty- 
four hours by frankly admitting and 
recognizing our shortcomings, by making 
,lmends to anyone we may have injured. 
by the firm resolve not to repeat the same 
offence, and by using this unfortunate ex- 
perience in a positive way to improve our 
character. Whether or not we believe 
th,lt God is offended at our delinquencies 
and forgiveness must be sought and ob- 
telined, it is of utmost importance for 
good mental health that the individual 
should forgive himself in the way I have 
indicated so that he may start each day 
with this sense of guilt cleaned away. 
Taking the Bridge 
We must digress at this point to dis- 
cuss the sea-going attitude of ships and 
of people. While all ships are m,ldc for 
the w.tter, the lighter and frailer crdft are 
not made for he,lvy sedS. One can just 
,lS truthfully S,lY th,lt we as individuals 
would never he liahle to shipwreck, if we 
remained safely at our moorings at the 
shipyard that produced us, hut it is 

(.Scc American Tournai of Psychiatry. Vol. XI. No. 
5, March. IQ32. PdTtmoid TenCllOn oul<TTmg In uo,ne'l 
.,f ,n,ddle age.) 

AY, 1934 


equally true that we would disintegrate 
more quickly if we were not put to work, 
;lI1d we would never fulfill the destiny 
thelt is ours. One can understand a cer- 
tain amount of trepidation on the part of 
the youthful mariner, navigating his ship 
on its first and only world cruise, hut both 
he and his ship have been created for this 
purpose. He cannot simply wish he were 
at the end of the voyage, he has to put 
his wishes into action, and the great 
ma jority of young captains look forward 
courageously to the task, and enjoy the 
pleasure that comes from successfully pit- 
ting their navigating skill against the sea 
and the elements. 
Not so with all of us, however. Some 
of us never leave our home port, I---ut ride 
idly at anchor, living in day dreams and 
fantasies without constructive planning, 
hut merely wishful thinking. It is only 
fair to say that these are the fraile.5t craft 
who hdve no confidence in their own sea- 
worthiness or their captain. If they are 
to proceed, they will need assistance and 
encouragement all the way, especially 
when the storms of life beset them. With- 
out this help they are in danger of going 
to pieces at the first squdll. These are that 
great group of young people who develop 
schizophrenia (dementia praecox) in the 
early twenties, just when they should be 
ready to begin their life work. Schizo- 
phrenia is just another name for defeat 
and disintcgr,ttion hefore le.lYing port or 
shipwreck on the early part of the voyage. 
Most of us have some schiwphrenic ten- 
dency, but by improving our mariner's 
skill, hy increasing our confidence in our- 
selves and .t willingness to accept the help 
of our fellows, we should he ahle to make 
the voyage successfully, with all flags 
flying and with St. P,lUl to he ahle to say, 
"I have fought the good fight. I have 
finished the course, I have kept the faith." 
Out from the home port slowly moves 
the ship. Eager ,1I1d unafraid the young 
captain rejoices in the smooth perform 
(lIKC of his craft. He sees other ships 



about him setting forth on the same jour' 
ney, and although confident of his 
strength, is nevertheless glad to know he 
will have company in the fleet. He re' 
members that many ships have preceded 
him. He scans the horizon. One last 
glance at his charts. Full steam ahead! 
Keeping Shipshape 
During the forty'year cruise ahead of 
him his main work will be to keep his 
craft in good running order, to stay on 
the course, and to navigare skilfully when 
"the stormy winds do blow," and to avoid 
those hidden rocks and shoals, which be' 
set his course. I shall indicate briefly the 
personal application of these navigating 
principles. We should keep ourselves in 
the best physical condition possible. To 
the ordinary rules of common sense ap- 
plied to diet, hours of sleep, and avoid, 
ance of excesses should be added the 
.mnual health examination. Why wait 
for some part to break and imperil the 
whole ship or make it a derelict? The 
good captain puts his hoat into dry dock 
,lt intervals for a thorough overhauling, to 
replace or renew parts showing signs of, to scrape the barnacles off the hull, 
and give It a fresh coat of paint. We 
should do no less with our craft. In ad- 
Jition to the annual health examination, 
the individual needs periods of complete 
ahsence from work, so that his mind may 
he renovated by nature and refreshed 
and melJe more vigorous for the work 
ahead. If possible the annual vacation 
should be taken in at least two install- 
The human ship differs from the 
marine ship inasmuch as we put into a 
convenient harbor at the end of each 
day's run, and drop anchor until morn- 
ing. These ports are our homes, our 
friends, our relaxations, and our hobbies. 
These are literally re-creations for us. 
The protection and love of au: family, 
the friendly mingling with our fellows, 
the new interest of the game of golf, ten- 
nis, bridge, conversation, good books, 

drama, art,-all these and similar types of 
recreation will enable us to work better 
on the morrow. Special mention should 
he made of rhe hobby. The hobby is par- 
ticularly necessary to those of us who do 
not get full satisfaction from our work 
of navigating. Not all of us are good 
sailors, and if by force of circumstances 
we are in some type of work which is 
disagreeahle to us, but for our daily bread 
and the protection of our dependents 
must still be adhered to, then by all means 
have a hobby. From it you will derive 
the satisfaction that your job should give 
you, but so often does not, and from it, 
night after night, you will derive the 
strength and courage to go on with the 
delily task. Persons who are perfectly 
happy in their work perhaps need no 
hobby. To them their work is their 
hohby, hut these people arc few. Most of 
us find life difficult, and need work out' 
side our job to give us satisfaction. 
Rules of the Sea 
There are well-known navigating 
rules, which we might call mental hygiene 
principles. Care means alertness of mind, 
keen interest in our job, and the exercise 
of caution at all times; in the word 
COHrtes:-, are bound up all the social and 
friendly tendencies which we should cuI, 
tivate so that our journey need not be a 
lonely one, but we shall be willing to give 
and receive friendship and helpfulness. 
The unfriendly or asocial individuals 
never get nearly so much satisfaction out 
of life's voyage as the courteous, friendly 
individual, and are in much greater dal1' 
ger from the sea and the storms if they 
refuse to join the friendly fleet. The two 
words, "common sense" mean, of course, 
the best application of our intelligence to 
the navigation problems that arise. This 
.may appear to be a very obvious deduc' 
tion, but the number of people whose 
chief guide is not common sense but 
rather their emotional reactions, their 
prejudices, likes and dislikes, and the 
mechanisms of rationalization and pro' 
VOL. xxx, No. 5 


jection. These are non-rational and are 
closely linked up with our instinctive 
drives. The lower animals use their emo- 
tions and instincts as their only guide to 
conduct and they are successful-for the 
uncivilized animal. They are not good 
enough for the civilized human, and we 
must be constantly on the alert to see that 
these forces within all of us are directed 
and gUIded by reason, rather than the 
RidÍ1Jg the Storm 
We should remember, too, that in fair 
weather any kind of craft can sail along 
comfortably even with an indifferent 
navigator. The real test of the sturdiness 
of our craft, and of our skill as navigators 
comes with the storms of life. These 
storms are the financial reverses, the busi- 
ness worries, the domestic difficulties, the 
physical illnesses, the loss of dear friends 
and relatives, the social disappointments, 
the misunderstandings, the undeserved 
temporary defeats, and other kindred 
shocks and stresses that discourage and 
torment us. If in fair weather we take 
all the credit for our success and become 
conceited, patronizing to others, self- 
satisfied and careless, then the storms and 
hidden dangers of the sea may find us 
ill-prepared to deal with them. 
In such times there are at le,lst two 
unhealthy reactions, which are commonly 
seen, both of which are due to our in- 
ahility to be honest with ourselves, and 
the situations we are facing. We should 
remember that it is much less easy' to be 
honest with ourselves than with. other 
people. The first of these we will call 
rationalization and it really is an attempt 
to excuse ourselves for some degree of 
failure due to our own carelessness or 
lack of capacity. We try to make our 
excuses reasonable. The following ex- 
amples will perhaps explain this type of 
reaction more clearly: our jealousy of the 
superior ability of a rival or subordinate 
may måke us unduly critical and severe 
towards him; our laziness we excuse on 

!\.fA Y, 1934 


the grounds that we need more rest; our 
failure to do certain things expected of 
us, we explain as having been too busy. 
Keep in mind that we are never too busy 
to do the things we really want to do. 
Criticism from a superior we rationalize 
mto a feeling of self-pity and ideas of 
persecution. Do we say that the success 
of a rival is the result of good luck or 
some special influence he has with the 
higher powers rather than being willing 
to admit that perhaps he has ability su 
perior to our own? 
The second unhealthy mechanism we 
often employ is known as projection 
and is related to rationalization. It can- 
si:,ts in the firm refusal to admit that 
any of our failures or delinquencies 
might be due to any fault in our- 
selves. Therefore if they are not caused 
by our neglect or error, they must 
he due to the fault or defect of some 
other party. We project on to others the 
blame that we should have placed on our 
own shoulders. We refuse to be honest 
with ourselves and shut our eyes to the 
facts. These unhealthy mental reactions 
c,m It.>ad only to unhealthy results and 
may form the basis for the development 
of definite delusions. 
Honesty is the best policy, therefore, 
not only in business but in mental hy- 
giene as well, not because of ethical rea- 
sons alone, but because we do not wish 
to place our mental integrity in jeopardy. 
Thus when the waves surge about us, 
threatening destruction, when the gales 
hlow us off the course, when we are in 
danger from hidden rocks and shoals, we 
shall not give way to frenzied crying, to 
temper tantrums or recrimin
tions, hut 
we shall keep calm in our souls, we shall 
practIse self-control, we shall be confi- 
dent of our own stren!-,'1:h, and skill, as 
well as the sturdiness of our craft. 
And at the last, hattered .1I1d worn, 
sc,lrred and twisted a hit, perhaps, but 
with flag::: fl\Oing, we shall enter the har 



bour we set out for so many years ago. 
We shall give up our cargo, having car' 
ried it well and proudly, and we shall 
receive the commendations of the Harhor 
Master . We shall not rust out in this last 
harbor, but having finshed our work, we 

may still be used as training ships for the 
next generation of youthful mariners, 
who shall take our cargo aboard their 
younger and strönger vessels, to set sail 
for their ultimate goal. \Vell done. good 



In the series of articles appearing un' 
der the caption of The Canadian Scene 
an attempt is being made to do three 
1. To outline and to analyz.e the criti, 
cisms commonly made hy the public con' 
cerning nursing service. 
2 . To state the case for the defence 
from the point of view of nurses them' 
3. To suggest the first steps which 
might be taken toward the correction of 
the existing economic maladjustments 
which weigh as heavily upon nurses as 
they do upon the public. 
In the April issue of the Journal a 
beginning was made toward formulating 
a brief for the defence. While admit, 
ting our culpability on some counts, it 
was pointed out that the failure of the 
public, and particularly of women in 
households, to differentiate between the 
problem of nursing care and that of 
domestic service sometimes leads to a 
misconception of what may justly be ex- 
pected from private duty nurses in the 
Faults if I Educati011 
In an article which will appear in a 
future issue, more extended reference 
will be made to those criticisms of nurs- 

(This is the siuh in a series of articles dealing with conditions in Canada) 

ing service which, to a large extent at 
least, are distinctly traceable to weak- 
nesses in the educational programs of our 
schools of nursing. It is apparent that 
nursing care in hospitals frequently seems 
to the public to be hurried and imper' 
sonal. Nor do public health nurses always 
display that wisdom and tact in dealing 
with social situations which gains public 
confidence. Faults like these, as will be 
shown later, cannot be corrected until 
our system of nursing education is fre
from the economic shackles which at 
present limit its growth and development. 
JVhere the Real Trouble Lies 
Before td.ckling this aspect of the prob- 
lem it will perhaps be wise to deal briefly 
with the most serious complaint of all. 
Both the public and the medical profes- 
sion are firmly convinced that although 
continuous care by an individual nurse 
is sometimes necessary if the patient's life 
is to be saved, the cost of such care is 
prohihitive so far as approximately one- 
half of the population is concerned. That 
this complaint is well-founded is unqucs- 
tionably true. Recent studies, the find- 
ings of which cannot be gainsaid, prove 
it to the hilt. But the question now arises 
as to how far nurses may justly be held 
responsihle. To begin with, nurses are 
certainly not responsihle for a social and 
VOL. xxx. No. 5 


economic system which forces almost half 
the population to seek a precarious living 
,Lt, or sometim
s below, a subsistence 
level. Nurses hall no part in creating 
such a system. M,lIlY of them are them- 
selves the victims of it. 
Furthermore, there has been until very 
recently an utter failure on the part of 
the public, and, unfortunately, of the 
medical profession, to admit that there is 
any cause for lack of continuous nursing 
other than that "nurses' fees are too 
high." Dr. Weir's Survey in Canada, 
dnd the work of the Committee on the 
Costs of Mellical Care and of the Com' 
mittee on the Grading of Nursing 
Schools in the United States have fur- 
nished ample proof of the fallacy as well 
as of the gross injustice of this assump- 
The Psychological Element 
The public is made up of human be- 
ings who quite naturally object to spend- 
ing money on things they do not enjoy. 
Illness is enou.
h of an evil in itself with 
out having to pay for it. The psycholo- 
gical element, therefore, asserts itself, 
once more to the detriment of the nurse. 
Even under favourable economic condi- 
tions her presence in a householll is a 
symbol of pain and anxiety. In most 
homes she is also a symbol of economic 
loss. It is bad enough to need her ser- 
vices-it is worse still to have to pay for 
\\.'hile we, as nurses, should under' 
stanll and even sympathize with this in- 
stinctive reaction, it does not follow that 
we arc forced to admit that it is either 
reasonable or right. Regarded in the cold 
light of logic, it has no justification what- 
soever. Logic and reason, however, do 
not come into play because emotional 
strain is present and we are therefore 
forcell to attempt the difficult task of 
taking our own part without seeming 

mercenary anll heartless This is a nece - 
Sity which, so far, we have not facell. We 
have dodged the issue, partly because we 
rather like the pose of being above mate- 
ri,ll considerations. 
EducatifJg the Public 
It has been said that nursing service, at 
its best, cannot be rewarded in terms of 
money. This is profoundly true. Yet it 
is also true that the labourer is worthy 
of his hire and cannot live unless he ob- 
tains it. Nurses must somehow find a 
way to make it plain to the public that 
the problem of providing continuous 
nursing care to the critically ill patient 
c,lIlnot be solved by forcing the earnings 
of the private duty nurse to a point be- 
low the subsistence level. The risks of 
loss or property by fire or by theft are 
provided against by means of insurance 
on a co-operative basis. Life is the most 
precious of all possessions, anll in order 
to save it the skilled service of a nurse is 
sometimes inllispensable. If a police force 
and fire brigade can be organized on a 
co-operative basis so that protection of 
the individual citizen is assured, so can a 
nursing service. In most well-organi:ed 
modern communities, hospital and public 
health nursing services have already gone 
far on the roall to sociali:ation. There is 
no good reason why we should not go a 
step farther and transform private duty 
nursing into an efficiently directed and 
economically operated public utility. 
Such a radical change will imply per 
sonal sacrifice in terms of money and of 
effort. Some h(Mr}' olll traditions will 
have to go by the board. A few special 
privileges will have to be surrenllered. 
But, if in the end, we win through, we 
IndY find that we hdve rendered a con- 
spicuous service to the public and\ at the 
S,lme time, immeasurahly improved the 
economic status of the rank ,md file of 
ollr own profe

(To be continued) 

MAY, J934 


Contributed by "An Old International" 

Is it not rather wonderful that al- 
though situated almost in the heart of the 
world's largest city, Bedford College and 
FIfteen Manchester Square both have 
their gardens? But their windows over- 
look, and their doors open, not only upon 
these gardens-they open to the world! 






- I 


.............. 't,. 


It was indeed a happy and practical 
act on the part of the League of Red 
Cross Societies to have established in 
1920, as part of their peace-time pro- 
!Srammc, an international course for pub- 
lic health nurses, giving students from 
many lands an opportunity to live and 
study together for a year, to discuss com- 
mon problems and develop international 
friendships and understanding. In 1924 
a seconJ course was started for hospital 
aJministrators and teachers in schools of 
nursing. These two postgraduate courses, since 1921, been established at Bed- 
ford College for Women, in con junction 
with the College of Nursing, with the 
co-operation of the British Red Cross, 
various nursing, educational, social ser- 
vice and heéllth authorities. In the past 
twelve years no less than two hundred 
and thirty-one students (including six 
Canct.dian nurses) from forty-two coun- 
tries, have secured their certificates, and 
Me now scattered over the earth, some 
working in the cold north, and others 
under tropical skies, but with the same 
spirit and ideals of service. 


Bedford, a pioneer amongst Colleges 
for Women, has a history dating hack 
almost ninety years. The College forms 
part of the University of London, and is 
honoured in having as Patroness, Her 
Majesty Queen Mary. There is a regis- 
tration of over six hundred students, a 
number, apart from the nursing group, 
coming from other lands. Situated in the 
heart of Regent's Park, the grounds are 
of course delightful, with glorious daffo- 
dils and tulips in the Spring. The Royal 
Botanical Gardens are just across the 
drive, and the lake offers facilities for 
boating between lectures for the really 
energetic. Lectures are taken with the 
social science students in such subjects as 
economics or psychology, while the small 
coaching and discussion groups provide 
opportunity for the students to meet and 
know many of the lecturers personally. 
Many readers of the Journal know 
London and have visited the priceless 
Wallace Collection in Manchester 
Syuare, close to Selfridge's and within a 
few minutes' walk of Oxford Circus, 
Bond Street, the Marble Arch and many 
points of interest. Come then, just across 
the square, to visit, "Number Fifteen", a 
delightful old town residence of the 
Georgian period, now the London home 
of nurses from many lands. Inside you 
will feel the homelike atmosphere and 
notice the beautiful doorways and ceil- 
ings, comfortable chairs, the grand piano 


<<to . . 
. ,. . 
. ". 


.,. i* 


,í' i'
 i . '. 

..,' hi 



VOL. XXX. No. 5 


é1nd the pictures from foreign countries, 
some bearing Royal autographs. 
You will also enjoy having a glimpse 
of the students' rooms, simply furnished, 
but each quite distinctive, for the name 
on the door tells the name of the country 
responsible for the furnishing of the 
room, and gives the clue as to what we 
may e"\.pect to find within. Some contain 
e:\.LJuisite hand embroideries from Euro- 






i · 
. I ." 
iil,n ! " 
< h. \\ 
I ",,'1 
. I," 



pean countries, in others may be found 
pieces of pottery or pictures, a specially 
woven rug, or drapes, all national in 
character. Canada (in 11anchester 
Square geography) is found between 
Italy and China, and is a sunny room, 
furnished with yellow-toned Canadian 
homespuns, Murray Bay blankets, and 
pictures of Canadian mountains and 
Afta dinner, while you sip your 
coffee in the drawing room, and enjoy 
the warmth of the open fire, you will 
have the opportunity of meeting the 
students, including perhaps tall, dark 
eyed Spain, fair-haired vivacious South 
Afric,l. ,lIld dc,lr little Jap,lIl with her 
gr,lceful hows and expressions of thanks. 
Indeed. if you are very fortunate you 
may be a visitor some evening when a 
distinguished guest is present. Mahatma 
Candhi, during his memorable visit to 
London in 1931, spent an evening, quite 
informally, at 15 Manchester SLJuare, to 
t he great delight of d.ll privileged to be 
present. In any CJ.'e, before the e\'ening 
MAY, 1934 


is over you will understand why, when 
speaking of Bedford Colleg
, an Inter 
nd.tional simply must also speak of the 
Residence, - for Fifteen Manchester 
Syuare is home! 
It has been said that the Easter Vd.Cd.- 
tion at Bedford should be c,llled, Ed.ster 
adventures, into new realms of d
for the hospital administration students 
ma y scatter to spend their time in hOf- 
pitals as far apart as Glasgow and Copen- 
hagen, while the public health students 
also scatter to varil'us parts of Great 
Britain or to the Continent. It is a 
month of work, observation and study. 
highly spiced with play in off-duty 
The League must surely possess a 
master key, judging from the many doors 
that open to Internation
tl students. 
Famous hospitals such as St. Thomas's. 
Guy's, the Pasteur Institute in Paris, the 
Edith Cavell hospital in Brussels, and 
public health departments in and out of 
London all endeavor to gld.dly give of 
their best. There are also, each \\<eek, 
group ehcursions to visit institutions of 
every description, - factories, health 
centres, speci,tl schools, prisons, refuse 
disposal depots, and Truby King Centres. 
On one such occd.sion, seeing so many I.ldies following 1Il the w.lke of ,l 
le,lrned doctor, a street urch
n was he,lrd 
to ,lsk if the gentleman was a Mormon, 
out with his wives. 
Meanwhile, in spare moments c,m you 
not picture the students en joying English 





Sn PI'" roo I.... .... ITln'" 0\1 \00 r"'ff' 



life in general? The classic Oxford- 
ridge boat race, Covent Garden be- 
fore daybreak on Christmas Eve or at 
Easter. London on the night of a general 
election, the Lord Mayor's Show, Christ- 
mas shopping at Liberty's (yes, and 
Woolworth's) or the thrill of occasion- 
ally seeing little Princess Elizabeth out 
driving, beaming with smiles and so full 
of life, the living personification of the 
little Princess of our childhood dreams. 
Dear old England, with her shadows, 
fog, and sunshine, her slums, but also her 
fields filled in Spring with swaying d.tffo- 

dils and bluebells, who could help 
love her varying moods? 
Six Canadian nurses have taken the 
International Course at Bedford College: 
Jean Browne in 1920-21; Nora Moore in 
1921-22; Isabel Manson Prince in 
192ó-27; Ruby Hamilton in 1927-28; 
Cory Taylor in 1928-29, and Kathleen 
Ellis in 19'29-:' O. Of course, such a year 
passes all too quickly, but never a day 
slips by without some seeds having been 
dropped or planted in the garden of 
memory, and as Kipling has truly said: 
T'he glory of the Garden lies in more 
than meets the eye. 


As the months since her death go by 
there is increasing evidence of the wide- 
spread and beneficent influence exercised 
on nursing by Mary Agnes Snively. The 
latest tribute to her memory comes from 
the League of Nursing Education in the 
United States. The dignity and simplicity 
of the used in the following 
resolution of sympathy passed at a recent 
meeting- of the Board of Directors admir- 
ably reflects the affection and respect 
which prompted it: 
Whereas, in the death of Mary Agn!'
Snively, a pioneer and leader in the develop- 
ment of American nursing, the National 
uc of Nursing Education has lost one of 

its life members, the Board of Directors of 
the National League of Nursing Education 
hereby record their sorrow in the loss of one 
who was a charter member and the fifth presi- 
dent of our organization, and express their 
appreciation of her long life of devotion to 
the cause of nursing education and to the 
highest professional ideals. This expression 
of appreciation is to be sent to her family 
and to the Alumnae Association of Bellevue 
Hospital School of Nursing, and also to th
Alumnae Association of the Toronto General 
Hospital School of Nursing. 
Canadian nurses will be deeply touch- 
ed by this expression of sympathy in the 
loss of a leader the quickening influence 
of whose spirit extended far beyond the 
houndaries of her own country. 

VOL. xxx, N.,. 5 


GRACE M. FAIRLEY, Convener of the Florence Nightingale Memorial Committee 
of the Canadian Nurses Association. 

Announcements made in the April 
issue of the Journal have had a most sf-i. 
mulating effect on CanadIan nurses 
hecause of the fact that the news of the 
gift from the Nightingale Fellowship of 
St. Thomas's Hospital made us realize 
how strong is the imperial bond and ho"J.' 
truly international is this Memorial Foun- 
dation. Nurses in the different provinc.::; 
are discussing ways and means of raising 
money to meet the provincial quota. In 
some cases the various alumnae anJ 
other nursing associations are giving 
direct grants from their treasuries, which 
perhaps, under eÀisting conditions is less 
of a personal tax than asking for indivi- 
dual subscriptions. Others are planning 
for bridge and garden parties. One group 
of student nurses is making the annual 
tennis tournament a means of doing their 
share in aid of the Foundation. Ail 
provincial conveners have already be
heard from and although donations have 
so far been received from three provinc
only, several others have announced 
pledges of various amounts. In a fe\v 
cases the promises are for this and next 
year only, while others have notified their 
conveners of their intention of making 
annual subscriptions for the next fou
or five years. The following is the list 
of subscriptions already received as at 
March '28, 1934: 
Albert,l Registered Nurses (private 
duty section) ................. $ 
Calgary Association of private nurses 
Lamont Hospital Alumnae As
Staff of the Central Alberta Sanato- 


Vancouver Graduate Nurses Associa- 
tion ......................... $ 40.00 
St. Paul's School of Nursing. 
Vancouver .................. 30.00 
Vancouver General Hospital Alumnae 
A!'osociation ................... 25.()() 



Toronto General Hospital ......... $100.00 
Grace Hospital A.A., Toronto (dona- 
tion for 5 years) .............. 50.00 
Ontario Hospital A.A., London ., . . 50.00 
Ontario Division, Canadian Red Cross 2500 
Brantford General Hospital A.A., 
Brantford .................... 15.00 
Graduate and Student Staff, Ontario 
Hospital, New Toronto ......... 13.03 
Hospital for Sick Children A.A., 
Toronto ..................... 10.GO 
St. Joseph's Hospital A.A., London.. 10.00 
Community Health Association of 
Greater Toronto ............... 10.00 
Hamilton General Hospital A.A., 
Hamilton ..................... 
School of Nursing A. A. , Toronto .. 
Hôtel Dieu Hospital A. A., Windsor. 
General Hospital A.A., Niagara Falls 
Princess Beatrice Chapter LO.D.E.. 
Port Arthur .................. 
Overseas Nurses' Club, Toronto. . . 
!sobel Hampton Chapter LO.D.E., 
London ...................... 

Vancouver General Hospital Student 
Nurses ....... _ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
Tranquille Sanatorium Graduate Staff, 
Tranquille .................... 
Science Girls' Club, UniversIty of B.C. 
Prince Rupert General Hospital, 
Prince Rupert ................. 
King's Daughters Hospital Staff, 
Duncan ...................... 
Jubilee Hospital Alumnae Association, 
Victoria ...................... 
R. W. Large Memorial Hospital, Bella 
Bella ........................ 
Sisters of St. Joseph, Comox ....... 
St. Eugene Hospital Alumnae A,socia- 
tion, Cranbrook ............... 
Misericordia Hospital, Rossland ..... 
Miss Thatcher, Windermere Hospital; 
Windermere .................. 
New Westminster Graduate Nurses 
Association ................... 
Cowichan Health Centre, Duncan ... 
Miss R. I. Stone, Cobble Hill ...... 
Saanich Health Centre ............ 






10. I)') 








'This list is not complete since it 
nowledges only the donations already 
receit'ed at tile date on which tile Jm-,R- 
N:\L goes to þress.-- -Editor. 



Because 'Toronto is celebrating its Centennial and will be en fête for the occasion 
Because the Canadian Nurses Association is having an important birthday too 
Not a century old, of coarse, but a quarter of one. . . Because there is a good 
stimulating programme. . . Because a number of important projects are to come up 
for discussion and you ought to ta
e part Because there is going to be a beautiful 
and historic Pageant of "J'{ursing in Canada . . . Because there is to be a banquet and 
a garden part)' and a high tea right out in the country . . . Because you will meet 
old friends and ma
e new ones . . . Because thIs has been a long, hard winter and 
It will do you good to have a change. . . Because you will be able to exchange ideas 
and experiences with others wlw are struggling with the same difficulties that you are 
. . . This helps to raise one's drooping spints . . . Because there are to be interesting 
professional and commercial exhibits which will set 'you thin1{ing along new lmes . . . 
Because Canadian nurses live and wor
 in a vast country which ma1{es personal 
contact difficult . . . Because without such contact there can be no national unity or 
understanding . . . 'There are a lot of other reasons but these seem for the 
f'resent . . . Remember the date. . . it is June 25 to 30 . . . the place is 'Toronto 
. . . and the girl is you. . . . 

.. ,. 


.' s..... .. 
-- " 






VOL. XXX, N". 5 


Follow the Gleam 
This year, as last, the Journal welcomes 
the graduating classes now ready to begin 
the jnd
pendent practice of their pro' 
fession. \Vhile it cannot yet be said that 
good times helve come again, perhaps it 
is true that the worst of the economic 

torm is over. Of one thing we may cer' 
t.linly rest assured: there is plenty 
work to be done ('ven if there is not much 
money to pay for the doing of it. Nurses 
are needed as never before and the public 
is beginning to realize it. Perhaps the 
first faltering steps have already been 
taken to bring together the need and the 
fulfilment of it. If this be true we can 
take heelrt again, for the class of. 1934 
may yet set out on a new and neautiful 
Help Them to Begin 
Time was, not so long ago, when it 
\Vas easy to paint, in glowing colours, the 
future of the successive graduating 
classes. Today those well,meant plati' 
tudes sound just a little hollow and we 
must seek words which convey something 
more than empty promises and a vague 
goodwIll. In commenting on the present 
situation w;th regarJ to unemployment 
among nurses, a physician recently said 
that the services of student nurses in hos, 
pitals are paid for in terms of promissory 
notes of future professional opportunity 
which are sometimes repudiated when 
they are presented for payment. Un' 
fortunately there is something in this 

omment, bitter though it be. Hospitals 
cannot entirely esc
pe all responsibility 
for the women who are graduated from 
the schools of nursing operated and con' 
trolled by them. Nor, to do them justice, 
do they usually seek to do so. This year, 
more than ever before, the graduating 
dasses will look to the schools which gave 
them professional education to do all they 
c,m to assist them in estahlishing them- 
:,clves m practice. Members of the 

I\IA.Y, 1934 

boards of directors should be informed 
concerning the difficulties with which 
these young women have to contend. 
These men and women are frequently 
persons of influence in their communities 
elnd elre therefore in a position to help 
with plans for enlarging the fielJ of pos' 
sihle employment. Bouquets and d.lnce
elnd general jollifications are 
 Il very well, 
.lnJ even in harJ times, arc perfectly 
justifiable. But what the new graduate 
needs is a job, and for this homely neces, 
sity no satisfactory substitute has yet been 
Health Through the Ages 
The 1-letropolitan LIfe Insurance Com' 
pany has recently published a most valu- 
able booklet entitled "Health through the 
Ages" written by Dr. C. E. A. Winslow 
and Grace T. Hallock. In its sixty,four 
charmingly illustrated pages will Î:>e 
found an excellent and authoritative om' 
line of the evolution of the public health 
movement from the Stone Age to our 
own times. Copies for use in schools pf 
nursing may be obtained, free of charge, 
by writing to Dr. N. L. Burnette, \\'cl, 
fare Division, CanaJian HeelJ Office, 
Metropolitan Life Insllrelnce Comp,lI1Y, 
OUa wa, Canada. 
Fraudulent Agents 
We regret to say th,lt, in spite of the 
warnings sent to every nursing associa' 
tion and hospital in Canada, reports col1' 
tinue to come in concerning the activities 
of fraudulent agents. At least t\\"o of 
these persons represent themselves as 
,lUthorized to offer a combined reduced 
rate for 'The Canadwn Nurse ,1I1d 'The 
'T ramed Nurse. Yet another offers a 
combined subscription with a well, known magazine. All of these elgents 
are frauds. The Journal offers a com- 
bined relte with the American Journal of 
l\ursing only, anJ hits no arrange 
l11l'nt with ,my (lther puhlil.-,ltilH1. 



Getting Together 
During February I called a meeting, at the 
hospital, of the registered and graduate nurses 
residing at Shawinigan Falls, Quebec. The 
attendance was good and the nurses were glad 
to come and discuss the situation here. I 
told them they could do nothing alone, but 
that they should form themselves into a local 
association, appoint a president, and a secre' 
tary'treasurer, with representatives from each 
major nursing group to act as an executive 
committee. The election resulted as follows: 
Honorary president: Rev. Sister Hélène, 
Superior of Ste. Thérèse Ho
pital: president, 
Miss A. E. Richardson; secretary,treasurer, 
Mrs. G. Bolduc. The private duty group are 
represented by Miss L. Bouchard and Miss 
M. P. Bedard; the institutional group by Miss 
S. Beaulieu and Miss Ena West; the public 
health group by Miss G. Leduc and Miss G. 
Trudel and the industrial hy Miss J. Lupien. 
Correspondence was read from Miss E. Frances 
Upton, RegIstrar, A.R.N.P.Q. and from the 
Montreal Graduate Nurses Association dealing 
with certain aspects of the private duty situa, 
tion. An animated discussion followed. The 
organi4ation of a regional committee to pro' 
mote the circulation of 'The Canadian Nurse. 
in this district, was also taken into considera, 
tion. A schedule of fees for private duty 
nursing was drawn up, since this seemed the 
most urgent problem. Later we hope to 
arrange for a registry which will serve all the 
graduate nurses in the locality. AU papers, 
notices, reports and minutes are to be read 
in both French and English because not all 
of us are bi,lingual. Two nurses are to be 
appointed to read and discuss at the April 
meeting articles dealing with current nursing 
events which appear in The Canadian Nurse 
and La Garde'Malade. In this way we hope 
to keep abreast of current events in the nurs' 
ing world. 
I feel that we have made a good beginnin
,md that the nurses themselves are doing some 
really constructive thinking. 
A. E. RICHARDSON, Lady Superintendent, 
Joyce Memorial Hospital, Shawinigan Falls, 
In most parts of Canada alumnae dssocia- 
tions or local chapters of the provincial re


tered nurses assoCIatIOns provide a rallyipg 
point and a forum where nurses may meet and 
exchange ideas. There are, however, many of 
the smaller urban centres where neither of 
these facilities as yet exists, but where the need 
of some form of organi 4 ation is acutely felt. 
Under such circumstances it seems natural to 
expect the local hospitals to take the initiative, 
especidlly when, as in Shawinigan Falls, the 
I esponse to enlightened leadership is fO 
thoroughly satisfactory. 


A Good Word From China 
We enjoy The Canadian Nurse greatly. It 
helps to k
ep us in touch wit
 nursing move' 
ments in the homeland. We, here in China, 
have quite a nice magaÚne of our own. Nur.;' 
ing is in its infancy and we are greatly ham' 
pered, particularly in interior China, because 
of lack of higher education facilities for girl;;. 
However, we do manage to secure some amaz' 
ingly capable girls who make excellent nurses. 
Superintendent of Nurses, Weihwei Hospital. 
United Church of Canada, Weihwei, Honan, 

Not a Luxury 
There seem to be so many demands for 
one's money these days, that one regard" 
magaÛnes as a luxury, and I am sorry to say 
that is just exactly what I considered our 
Canadian Nurse. But after leading a copy, 
which a friend kindly loaned me, I have 
chdnged my mind and decided that it is not 
a luxury, but a very real necessity to keep one 
in touch with nursing activities throughOl,t 
our country. 

Reg. N., Windsor, Onto 

rakes to the Air 
I was so afraid that Winnipeg would not 
have any news this month that at the la<;t 
minute I discovered the enclosed information 
and am sending it on by air mail. 1 do hope 
that it will be in time for publication. 
Press Representative, Manitoba Association of 
Registered Nurses, Winnipeg. 

VOL. XXX, No. 5 

Department of Nursing Education 

CONVENER 01' PUIILILATIONS: Miss MIldred Reid. Winnipeg General Hospital. Winnipeg, Man. 


MILDRED M. REID, Reg. N., Instructress of Materia Medica. School of Nursin
Winnipeg General Hospital. 

Materia medica or pharmacology can 
he made one of the most interesting sub, 
jects in the curriculum of a school of 
nursing and lends itself to varied types 
of teaching. It is particularly adapted to 
the project mc-thodin which the students 
may actually do, almost entirely, their 
own work with only guid,lI1ce from the 
instructor: "purposeful activity carried to 
completion in a natural setting." Invari, 
ably, the student nurse finds it more in' 
teresting to seek for herself the source 
and action of a drug while observing the 
effects of its medicinal preparation on the 
p,ltient. Yet this work sht add not entail 
extensive investigation and numerous 
hours of study outside of routine ward 
Objectives ill Teaching 
It is wise to begin by outlining objec' 
tives and decidmg what one hopes to ac' 
complish. To endeavour to gain in 
twcnty-five hours or so mastery of more 
th,m the outst,lIlding drug pn
used in one large hospital IS an impossible 
t,lSI-... Consc4uently, one should plan to 
aw,lken the student's curiosity in a few 
drugs to such an cxtent that she will be 
sufficiently interested and inyuisitive to 
continue her investigations when con- 
fronted with drug prepar,ltions new to 
her. To arouse this active interest it is 
necessary to draw to the student's atten' 
tion freyuently the actual relation of the 
patic-nt to the prepar,ltion under discus' 
lv1ethods of 'Ft.'aching 
Th,lt the student may keep abreast 
with the newer drugs th,lt come into use 
d.lY by day she ..hould know where and 
how to ohtain information ahout them, 

MAY, ]Q34 

and various project assignments will as- 
sist her in accomplishing this. When 
ass;gning studies, memory work should 
he mininl1::ed if we intend to make the 
suhject of pr.-lctic.-li v.-llue and a vIt.-l1 part 
of the day's activity. 
After the introductory lesson we are 
re;ldy for student p,lrticipation, which 
may Llke seva.-ll forms. Presuming that 
Òe second lesson init
,Ltes the study of 
the stimul.lI1ts or deprl'sS.-lnts of the cerc-' 
hn )spin,ll nervous system, ,l review of the 
physiology of that system is the first pre' 
requisite. Such a review is of paramount 
import.-lnce, for, if the function of the 
p.-lrt on which the drug .-lcts is compre' 
hended, the m.lin fÒundation for a dearer 
underst;lI1ding of the drug has heen I.Lid. 
The student h.lst's this review upon her 
preVIOUS study of an.ltomy and physi- 
Jl akin g A n Outline 
With the w.lrd as .-l dinical1.I
and the p,ltient as the import.-lnt tactor 
for the ohservdtion of the effec
s of drugs, 
we now hegin the study of caffeine. The 
following outline with suitahle vari.-ltions 
has heen used successfully and with in 
creasing interest to the student. 
Each student is instructed to he pre' 
p.-lred to present to the group inform.-ltion 
reg,l rding caffeine or any of its rdated 
prep.-lr.ltions, which have been adminis 
d on her particular w.-lrd, under the 
following hC.-ldings: 
1. The name of the drug". Its source and 
2. Why WdS It ordered to he given? De- 
!\crihe the wndition of the patient. 
3. Were there any noticcdhle effect.. follow 
ing the admmi..tratioJ1 of the drlli!", If "0, 
cxplain thc (".111..,' 




4. \Vhat nursing calC was involved? What 
undesirable effects were noticed or anticipated? 
5. Could this drug be used for other con' 
? State which ones. 
6. How was the drug administered? Why 
was this particular method used? 
7. Could any other drug (in the student's 
experience) bring about a similar therapeutic 
effect? Why does the student think it was 
not used? 
8. What is the approximate cost of this 
drug in its usual dose? 
These headings act as a stimulus for 
the student and may be changed to suit 
any drug being studied. 
Caffeine is now discussed in the group; 
almost all the information regarding the 
drug is contributed by the students, a few 
essentials being supplemented by the in' 
structor. At the end of the class period 
the drug is classified as to action, thera' 
peutic uses, preparations and methods 
of administration, idiosyncrasies of the 
patient, poisonous symptoms and their 
treatment. The interest shown in this 
type of study by the student is remark, 
able, they actually enjoy materia medica. 
This method requires time, hçwever, and 
class periods should be arranged at least 
three days apart in order to permit this 
necessary element. A great many other 
drugs maybe studied in this manner, such 
as morphine, digitalis, atropine and 
Assignments which require consider' 
able time and study on the part of the 
student could be planned carefully and 
given early in the course. Two such pro' 
jects which have been carried out sat is' 
f.\Ctorily are tabled below. 
Project '"'"A" 
Hand in written information, under the 
following headings, regarding ten or more 
drugs that you have administered to your 
1. The dosage and the method of adminis' 
2. The reaSOn for the drug being ordered 
3. The therapeutic effects expected. 
The therapeutic effects observed. 
4. Obvious symptoms of overdosing. 

5. Poisonous symptoms anticirated. 
6. Give other information regardmg each 
(a) source; 
(b) other pharmaceutical preparations; 
( c) other therapeutic uses; 
(d) treatment of acute and cumulatlw 
In each case give the name of the patient to 
whom the drug was administered; state the 
ward on which the patient is receiving treat- 
ment; note the diagnosis Or tentative diagnosis. 
Use a separate sheet for each drug; references 
should be noted and material must be handed 
in at a stated time. 
This assignment serves as a means of 
relating the theory of drugs with ward 
practice as it represents an actual study 
of the drugs given by this student to her 
patients. The instructor is also in pos' 
session of the information which enables 
her to check the accuracy of the material 
Project '"'"B" 
This is a written assignment, which 
ma y be prepared sometime during the 
term, and is suggested by Stella Goostray 
in her text,book: Introduction to Matena 
1. Make a graph representing the growth 
of medicine from ancient times to the present, 
noting the main events and contributions in 
the history and development of materia medica. 
2. Make an outline map of the world 
designating where the crude drugs are grown. 
Under the heading of the crude drug, list 
the main derivative. 
3. Give the- historical background of one 
drug such as: digitalis. opium, cinchona, bella' 
donna, nux vomica. Describe how it is made 
ready for use as a medicine and list its 
related preparations. 
The above assignments are preferably 
for individual study though they can be 
,ldapted to group study. Credits should 
be given for this work and these should 
be included in the final term mark. 
In order that all students in the group 
may benefit materially by such work it is 
necessary to have periods of discussion. 
These afford an opportunity for the 
teacher to emphasi 4 e that the nurse 
should avoid a censorious attitude when 
drugs are employed for purposes other 
VOL. xxx. No. 5 


than she has observed as therapeutic 
uses. It should also be pointed out that 
methods of administration change from 
time to time and the opinion of physi' 
cians differs as to the value of some drugs 
in various diseases. 
Students have shown remarkable 
ability and originality in preparing as' 

signmcnts, manifesting intense interest, 
as is indicated by the detailed work in 
connection with the projects described 
above. The concomitant learnings are 
many, and active participation by the 
student develops initiative and has proven 
to be peculiarly gratifying to both stu, 
dents and teacher. 

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lJR<;I-";;r. OF Tlit: 
()t-:TRI'^l GI t-:lR&.l HOSI'IT.o.I 

MAY, 1934 

Department of Public Health Nursing 

CONVEN Ell Of' PUBLICATIONS: Mrs. Agnes Haygarth. 21 Sussex Sr.. Toronto. Onto 


PAULINE JACKSON, Private Duty Nurse, Woodstock, N.B. 

Not long ago the question of a public 
hecdth nurse for our small community 
was raised. For a time it seemed certain 
we should have one, hut after many 
plans, amI much discussion, the idea was 
abandoned, becclUse the community was 
unable to raise the necessary funds. The 
money which the town might have grant- 
ed for this purpose went toward the up- 
keep of a free dental clinic, a much- 
needed item in itself, but supplying only 
one of the many puhlic health needs. 
Perhaps if the town council and the 
community as a whole had understood 
the necessity for a public health nurse 
they would have made a greater effort to 
raise the necessary funds. Some of the 
citizens wcre opposed to the idea for the 
5()n that there was already an over- 
supply of nurses in the town. Quite true! 
There is also an over,supply of teachers, 
hut parents would ohject most strenu- 
ously to the schoo] board employing, as 
a l.-mguage or a science teacher, one who 
has only the superficial training in these 
suhjects reyuired for the common school. 
The school hoard reyuires, and the 
parents desire, teachers who have re- 
ceived special training. Similarly, the 
community needs as a puhlic health nurse, 
one who has !'pecialized along certain 
lines and is capable of lecturing, and do- 
ing clinic work, and a good 
Ul"here the Public Health Nurse 
Comes In 
I read, not long ago, in the public 
health page of one of our leading periodi- 
cals' this' statement: "Ninety per cent of 
our health enquiries come from small 
towns and rural districts and fifty per 
cent of those enquiries, although of great 
importance to those who ask, do not re- 


yuire a medical man's attention." These 
are questions of hygiene and sanitation, 
of weights and diets for infants and 
children, of pre-natal and post,natal care, 
which any qualified public health nurse is 
capable of answering. One woman wrote, 
"Please do not think my question is a 
foolish one, or fail to answer it, because 
it is of the utmost importance to me, and 
please do not refer me to my family doc- 
tor, because I live in a community of six 
thousand with only three resident doctors. 
Births, deaths and operations keep them 
too busy to hother with anything so 
trivial. " 
Only too often we find unsatisfactory 
health conditions existing in small com- 
munities whICh would be shocked if one 
accused them of having a slum d:strict. 
There are very few centres where they Jo 
not exist. Slums really mean unhealthy 
dwelling places: a fairly common condi- 
tion in all communities. In cities where 
ewry district has its own hospital and 
health centres, and nearly every third 
house seems to be a doctor's residence, 
there are free clinics in ahundance. We 
find V.O.N. and public health nurses, 
social service and "follow'up" nurses, 
while small communities have not only a 
scarcity of doctors and hospitals but must 
do without the rest The school doctor 
makes his rounds regularly and the health 
report cards are handed to the parents. 
Perhaps he remarks that Willie needs his 
tonsils removed, Jane needs her teeth 
filled or Mary is underweight. And, in 
the majority of cases, on his next call, he 
writes the same reports for the same 
children. And why? Because Willie's 
or Jane's or Mary's parents are careless, 
or cannot afford to have the necessary 
VOL. XXX, No. 5 


work done, and there is no one to follow 
up and find out why or take the neces' 
sary steps to get something done. 
Payiug the Price of Neglect 
We admit large numbers of free pa, 
tients to our hospital wards, the greatest 
percentage being surgical, medical and 
malnutrition cases. We spend time and 
money on them and, J.S soon as they have 
recovered, discharge and promptly for' 
fSt them. Mrs. J. has a serious surgical 
operatIon which costs the town a good bit 
of money and herself a large amount of 
suffering. She makes a quick recovery 
and is discharged, probably to go to a 
home where she is obliged to look after 
herself or to begin work immediately. In 
a short time she is in a worse physical 
condition than before the operation. Her 
suffering and the care and expense have 
been in vain. She advises her friends 
against operations and hospitals. Just 
another case where the operation was su.:' 
cessful but the patient received no lasting 
henefit because she had no follow'up care. 
The same is true of the medical and mal, 
nutntIon cases. They return to the 
homes they came from, only to be re' 
admitted to the hospital later. 
The Cost of 19l1orauce 
r<,at deal of proc-ress has been made 
111 the line of obstetrics and pre,natal and 
post' natal care. with the death rate for 
mothers and infants materially lessened 
in some circles, but not among the poorer 
classes. Their progress has been very slow. 
They do not understand sterile precau 
tions nor diet before or after the birth of 
the baby. Go mto one of these homes rt 
few hours after delivery and one finds 
the patient's room full of flies, visitors 
and odors. Six or eight visitors, all talk, 
ing at once, holding and kissing the baby 
.Ind advising everything from brandy to 
soothers. The young mother listens and 
tries all of them if she escapes blood 
poisoning ,1I1d survives getting up on the 
seventh or eighth day. The baby, if it is 
horn lucky, survives too, a fit 
uhject for 
1\1.'\ "\, I 9 34 


free hospital care later on Many of 
these homes are not so poverty'stricken 
but thdt they cou]d supp]y the necessary 
things if they knew what the necess,lry 
thmgs were. They are just ignorant or 
s and have no one to teach them 
The spirit of competition is a strong 
factor in human nature. Start a better 
haby clinic and offer a prize for the best 
haby. Get Mrs. Jones interested, and 
Mrs. Smith and Mrs. Brown wiH decide 
right away not to let her put anything 
over on them, nor Jet her baby get away 
wIth the pri:e if they can heJp it, and so 
they enroll, and once interested they con' 
tinue to be. After all, what parents are 
going to rduse their children the chance 
fur health if it is persIstently presented to 
them? Malnutrition does not only exist 
in the slums. And people of all classes 
take advantage of baby clinics. What a 
thrill if Mrs. Brown"s baby from obscure 
Mill Street gained the pri:e for a hetter 
haby over Mrs. Fraser"s from select Saint 
John Street. 
C0111rol of Tuberculosis 
Not long ago I went into a home where 
there was a case of tuberculosis. The pa, 
tient, a young girl, was ]ying on a couch 
covered with dirty blankets. The sister 
that attended her was dirty. A dirty sore' 
eyed cat lay beside her. I t was on a 
fashlpnahle street and in a ]arge house, 
yet the pdtient was lying in the on]y room 
that they cou]d afford to he,lt, a com' 
hined kitchen. ]iving,room and hedroom. 
Np doors or windows were ever opened 
C\ù.'pt in extremely hot we,lther. Proud 
but poverty stricken, they refused to sdl 
their home .or to accept aid. And so they 
remain d menace to that community. The 
only bright spot in the drc,lry picture is 
that there \\'ere no little chi]dren in the 
house. Unfortunately, in homt:S like 
these, there so often .lre. In another 
slytion of the town there was another 
p,ltient in a house which was much 
de.mCf. hut h.ld st,de. must\' odor 



found in aidess houses where there is a 
Lonsumptive patient. Unfortunately, that 
house of five rooms was the home of fif, 
teen persons. Ten of them were children 
ranging from two weeks to sv.teen years 
of age. Very little chance that all will 
escape tuberculosis. These arc only two 
of similar cases in our community and 
other communities like it. A community 
nurse could do much towards rectifying 
these conditions and teaching these people 
hetter health rules. 
llltcrpretitlg Commutlity Needs 
At any time there is plenty of work 
for a community nurse to do, but in 
times of depression there is more. People 
do not need actually to starve or freeze 
to death, the relief officer will save them 
from that. Potatoes, bread and oatmeal 
C(lIl be got, but in a family where there 
are four or five chilJren under school age 
they require milk each day, and this is an 
item which relief does not always look 
after. They need vegetables, cod liver oil 
a.nd clothes as well and do not always get 
them; and not hecause people who are 
ahle to are not willing to help. 
Our community is singularly kind, 
he(lrtC'd. Hundréds of dollars in money, 
;lnd boxes of dothes are sent away every 
year for missions and poor people because 
these needs are constantly presented to 
their minds, and once they get really 
interested in a cause they keep on sup' 
porting it. No man or woman who could 
help it would let children suffer for food 
or clothes. The trouble lies in the fact 

that they do not know the requirements 
and there is no one to tell them. With 
co'operation and organization, such cases 
could be remedied. Truly, though this 
generation has to bear the burden of de' 
pression, it is the coming one that will 
really get the brunt of it, for they start 
in life so handicapped. 
A community nurse could do much in 
following up school and hospital work 
and could give health, pre'natal and 
child welfare lectures. Though she could 
not accomplish much in the line of clinics 
and poor relief, she could co'operate with 
the doctors and the public and get them 
to co,operate with each other. She realizes 
the need of co-operation, and has learned 
to lecture and to organize, and knows 
how to educate people toward better 
living conditions. 
Finding aWay 
Perhaps some plan could be made 
wherehy unemployed nurses could do 
this work, but unless under a competent 
head and well-organized, it would doubt, 
less fall short of success. Some communi, 
ties are not able to pay a full,time salary 
to their community nurses and pay th
only for each call that they make, which 
after all is a great deal better than being 
without one altogether. A public health 
nurse c(m save her community each year, 
a great deal more than she C03tS it. A 
community that emploYE one, sh'ìws not 
only good business sense, but also good 
C0111mon sense and that they have the 
welfare of the whole people at heart. 

VOL. xxx, No. 5 

Department of Private Duty Nursing 

CONVZNZR or PVZLICATIONI: Mill Jean Davidaon, Pari., One. 


CATHERINE de NULL Y FRASER, Private Duty Nurse, Montreal. 

I once saw a motion picture represent' 
ing the interior of a flower shop and, as 
one gazed, the petals unfolded and a girl's 
head peeped out of each flower. Let us 
enter this same kind of make' belief land 
for a few minutes, and try to picture the 
interior of a large book store and lending 
hbrary combined, and to imagine the 
hook opening and a nurse's capped head 
peeping out from between the leaves of 
each volume. Now the puzzle is to find 
just where our nursing groups are located 
in this strange imaginary book store, and 
then to find in what way they resemble 
the type of books to which we will com' 
pare them. 
First of all here are the new books, our 
latest publications and first editions, very 
fresh and crisp, and attractively bound. 
These are the débutantes of the book 
world, "just out," and reviewed in the 
press, with the publisher's imprint fresh 
upon them. We can easily distinguish 
our graduating classes here,-the young 
nurses who have passed their registration 

xdmindtions, and are ready to practice 
Next we come across the "reprints" or 
vised popular editions of publications, 
with earlier faults amended, and supple' 
ments added; after a moment's considera, 
tion, we see in these our postgraduates, 
who have specialized in various branches 
ot the profession or have qualified for 
scholarships. Then here are the educa' 
tional books; the children's section; books 
on health and those dealing with social 
problems. We can easily place our nurses 
where they belong in these divisions and 

(An addreaa read at the Annual Meeting of the Also- 
ciolrion of Reglstt n d N IIrses of the Province of Qud-,cc. 
January, 1934.) 
MAY, 19H 

On a news,stand in the front of the 
store we find the morning and evening 
"dc\ilies -, and current periodicals with 
their serial numbers. This at once sug' 
gests the Victorian Order and our other 
hourly and district nursing organizations. 
As we enter the lending department 
and look around, we find it symbolical of 
the private duty section, with our regis, 
trdr as librdrian. Although advertising 
itself as a medical library, you can obtain 
here something of what a general library 
offers by way of novels and novelettes 
and travelogues. The public are wrong if 
they think our library can supply nothing 
but walking encyclopedias on nursing 
matters. To judge the merits of a person 
or a book takes more than a casual glance; 
it requires careful perusal. A librarian 
tries to find out before she recommends a 
book just what is wanted by the sub, 
sLriher. If fiction, whether romance or 
mystery is preferred, and if the ultra' 
modern novel or the simple unsophisti- 
cdted story is the type that would have 
the greater appeal. In the same way our 
registrar does her best to supply the nurse 
to suit the individual patient, accordmg 
to whether it is a medical, surgic.\l or 
ohstetrical case, and whether a house or 
hospital call. 
To make a lending or circulating 
llhr.\ry a success, the librarian l'ndeavours 
to keep the circulation active. In other 
words the intake and thc output must be 
kq)t well balanced or something is amiss. 
Whl'n a librarian finds her library getting 
over-stocked she has a "clearing out" of 
a certain numher of books to make room 
for the new oncs that pour in from time 
to time. These discards arc put into a 
c.lteg-ory hy themselves, and it is the 



librarian's policy to dispose of them on 
special terms, d.nJ not to rent them out 
hy the Jay any longer. These books repre' 
sent those nurses on the registry. who 
ohject to heing shelvcJ before age or 
health relluires it, and would rather take 
work at a reduceJ fee if it is to be of a 
more permanent nature, such as nursing 
chronic invaliJs. We C.1I111ot all expect to 
remain hest sellers right to the end of our 
c.treer, nor to compete with the books of 
the day in popularity. 
The term "discard" is perhaps un- 
fortunate, as many of these books have 
been general f.tvourites. Naturally some 
of their covers may show signs of wedr 
anJ tear after being in the service of the 
puhlic for years. Then some good books 
lctck in local interest and are less in de' 
mand on that account. This assorted col- 
lection constitutes the "hook bargains." 
which sounds hetter than "discards," 
though the lihrarian woulJ be indignant 
if you suggested that she implied that her 
.. JiscarJs" were no longer of any value 
or interest The library gives a good deal 
of space to its JiscarJs or book bargains, 
and they are usua]]y we]] aJvertised and 
aJv.l11t.tgeously placed so that the public 
Cll1 take notice of them. 
The usual plan for dealing with the 
over-supply of nurses seems to be the 
Sdmc as that advocated for the wheat 
crop, which is to limit the production. 
Possihly this may be found necessary to 
s. Hue extent, but if we follow the library 
method. it would leaJ us to clear out the 
old rather than keep out the new. Rather 
than close the door completely let us find 
some other outlet for our energies. along 
other lines which our knowledge of nurs' 
ing and our nursing experience Cd.n sti]] 
he of use. 
In the January number of The Caw 
an Nurse* this statement is made: "If 
the community were in a position to pay 

for adelluate nursing service for all its 
members, the present apparent surplus of 
nurses might be transformed into a short- 
dge." Possibly it might also be saiJ that 
if all the poor were in a position to pay 
for adequate food. the apparent surplus 
of wheat might be transformed into a 
shortage. The supply and demand ques, 
tion is exceedingly complex. Those who 
ha VI." studied the report of our Canadian 
Survey and have read some of its state' 
ments and conclusions will realize what 
Jifficulties we are up again::.t. Even in 
England, 'The Nursing 'Times (the official 
organ of the College of Nursing) reports 
it conference on the over-supply of pri, 
vdte nurses, forty-eight per cent of whoí11 
experienced unemployment last year. Yet 
a sentence in The Canadian Nurse asks 
this question: "How can visiting nursing 
make its way into the prisons of our 
country. where it could be so unspeak, 
.thly helpfu!?" If this is ever possible of 
accomplishment, the private nurses now 
unemployed might like to be able to 
nurse back to hedlth, physical and, 
some of the poor discards of society as 
prisoners might be named. 
This question was once put to me: 
"Do you think that you have been suc' 
cessful in your professional career?" My 
answer is that compared with what 
others have achieved my accomplishment 
is not worth talking about; and there has 
heen sufficient discouragement to offset 
.my success I may have haJ. Neverthe' 
less, during thirty years of practice, I 
have nursed in the neighbourhood of 
three hundred private patients in five 
countries and in thirty hospitals. Here 
at least is one volume from the "lending 
library" which has had "a good circula- 
tion "- and if variety is the spice of life, 
I have found enough to make mine full 
and happy. 
(.Sce The ('1II,Ii1itln ]\1175<, Janu"rv, 1934, p. 7.) 

VOL. XXX, No. 5 


The annual meeting of the Graduate 
Nurses Association of British Columhi.l 
was held at the Royal Columbian Hos- 
pital, New Westminster, on April 2nd 
and 3rd, 1934, with a very good attend- 
ance. The morning sessions proved 
specially interesting to each section. 
A p.mel discussion organized by Miss 
Margaret Kerr, 
1.A., R.N., prov
d to 
he of outstanding value. The main 
topic Wd.S "The Student Nurse of To- 
morrow", and nine nurses, most of them 
.lssociated with the teachl11g departments 
of schools of nursing in British Colum- 
hia, contributed to the discussion under 
one or more of the following headings: 
I. The selection of the student. 
2. The orientatiun of the student: her per- 
sonal and social development. 
3. DIscipline of the student; the place and 
vðlue of student government. 
4. Responsibility for the health uf the st
dent; physical education. 
3. The instruction of the 
tudent: theoretical; 
housekeeping: clinical: community. 
6. The success uf this trðining from the point 
uf view of a private duty nurse: a puhlic 
he.tlth nurse: an institutiunal nurse. 
Dr. H. T J. Coleman, head of the de- 
partment of philosophy in the University 
of British Columhia, gave a thought- 
provoking address entitled "Education as 
a factor in a changing world," and Dr. 

W. C. Topping, of the department of 
sociology in the University of British 
Columhi.t, made a notahle contrihution to 
the programme under the caption of 
"What is happening to family life?" The 
report of the Registrar and Inspector of 
Schools of Nursing was given hy Mi:-5 
Helen Randal and the conveners of com- 
mittees gave interesting details concern- 
ing their respective activities. 
It was decided to send four delegates 
to the Bienn ial Meeting of the CalMdian 
Nurses Association. The president, the 
registr ar a.nd two delegates to he selected 
hy the Council from na.mes suhmitted by 
the local Associations of the Province 
will represent the provincial association 
on that occasion. The annual dinner W.b 
held at the Vancouver Golf Club, Bur- 
quitlam, when an excellent address was 
given by Miss M. L. Bollert, Dean of 
Women, University of British Columbia, 
on "Understanding." Musical selections 
were generously given hy Miss Doris 
Bcws, accompanied by Miss Jessie Pede, 
hoth memhers of the Gradu.lte Nurses 
Association of New Westminster. 
Nurses were present from many parts 
of the province and, with ideal Spring 
wcather, the mecting was declared a 
great success. 


In the April issue of the J ow'nal, an 
official statement issued hy the Canadi,lI1 
Council of Child and Family WelLlre 
respecting its recent re-organization, was 
published. In addition to outlining the 
work to be done in the future by this 
organization, the following statement of 
opinion was also made: "This (the re 
org.lI1ization) does not involve any new 

MAY, 1<)\4 

precedent or principle In the rel.ltionship 
of one of the large VOlunt.try 11.10011.11 
organiz.ations to a Dominion Depart- 
ment." It should he de.lrly understoo.l 
that this opinion is, of course, <,f 
the Canadidn Council on Child and 
F.lmily Welfare, and is not ncc
shdrl.'d hy the C:1Il.1di.11l Nur:,I..'


Book Reviews 

book for family welfare and safety, by 
Helen MacMurchy, C.B.E., M.D., 
until recently Chief of Division of 
Child Welfare in the Ministry of Na- 
tional Health. 151 pages with index. 
Price $1.50. Published by the Mac- 
millan Company of Canada, St. 
Martin's House, Toronto. 
Part One of this volume is devoted to 
the discussion of sterilization under the 
following headings: the history of the 
movement; operations for sterilization; 
legislation; results of sterilization. Part 
Two takes up the question of birth con- 
trol in chapters the titles of which sug- 
gest the content: general considerations; 
popular opinion; scientific opinion; medi- 
cal opinion; religious opinion; the law 
and contraception. 
There can be no question but that this 
book will be exceedingly useful to all 
nurses and especially to those who are 
engaged in public health activities. While 
it is not the province of the nurse to give 
information on either topic, it is never- 
theless highly desirable that she should 
herself have an intelligent understanding 
of the social and medical factors involved. 
This volume supplies the elements of such 
an understanding and the numerous 
rderences to the sources from whence 
the content is derived make it a good 
st,lrting point for more extended study. 
Another useful feature is the listing of 
hirth control clinics recently establish
in Canada. Existing legislation in 
Alherta and British Columhia with re- 
spect to sterilization is quotcJ in full. 
As might be expected, Dr. Mac- 
Murchy is scrupulously just in setting 
forth opposing points of view. There is 
no attempt to force the issue. The title 
uf the book is itself an interrùgation and 
its aim is to state both sides fairly. Iri 
so doing the author has made yet another 
worthy contribution to the long list of 
her achievements. 


DISEASES, by Mary Elizabeth Pillsbury, 
M.A., R.N., Instructor of communic- 
able disease nursing, Yale University 
School of Nursing from 1924 to 1927; 
advisor for prophylactic techniques, 
Jewish Hospital, Brooklyn. Third edi- 
tion. 116 illustrations. 463 pages. 
Price $3.50. Published by the J. B. 
Lippincott Company of Philadelphia. 
Canadian Office: 525 Confederation 
Building, Montreal. 
The rapid progress which is being 
made in preventive medicine has again 
necessitated a revision of Miss Pillsbury's 
book on "The Nursing Care of Com' 
municable Diseases." This text, which 
appeared first in 1929, is divided into 
two distinct parts. The first section deals 
with disease prevention from both a per' 
sonal and a social point of view. Not 
only are the underlying principles of 
control clearly set forth, but emphasis is 
placed on the opportunity given to each 
nurse to play an individual part in the 
great drama of disease prevention. Sev- 
eral techniques are described for carrying 
out effective isolation under varying cir, 
cumstances, a private home, a general 
ward, or a specialized hospital. Excellent 
illustrations of different procedures are 
interspersed throughout the book. The 
seconJ portion of the text deals explicitly 
with the treatment and nursing care of 
the various communicable diseases. The 
clear and concise arrangement of this part 
of the book is especially to be com- 
mended. Each disease is treated under 
a variety of headings, special stress being 
laid upon prevention and control anJ 
exact instructions are given as to con' 
current and terminal disinfection. Any 
unusual procedure with which the nurse 
may be required to assist, such as incuba, 
tion, is described in detail. 
Miss Pillsbury has added, in this third 
edition, an historical review of the can: 
of communicable diseases which shows 

VOL. XXX, No. 5 


the vast change which has taken place in 
our professional attitude towards this 
type of sickness. Mention should be 
made of the excellent bibliography which 
is included at the end of the volume and 
which should prove a valuable aid to 
teachers and students. Blank pages have 
been left between the descriptions of the 
different diseases in order to enable the 
student to make her own remarks and to 
note any new developments in treatment'- 
This book should prove most helpful as 
a text book for students and graduate 
nurses doing public health work will find 
here a readily available source of concise 
and definite information. 
Instructor, Strathcona Hospital for 
Infectious Diseases, Ottawa, Ont. 
with laboratory experiments. By John 
H. Guenther, B.Sc., M.A., instructor 
in chemistry, Omaha Technical High 
School; Lecturer in Chemistry, Psy- 
chology, and Public Health, Nebraska 
Methodist Hospital; Lecturer in Chem- 
istry and Public Health, Nicholas Senn 
Hospital, Omaha, Nebraska. 274 
pages with index. Price $2.10. Pub- 
lished by The Macmillan Company of 
Canada, Limited, Toronto, 1934. 
Any comments on this book might well 
involve a criticism of the curriculum 
which, as the author states, is closely fol- 
lowed by his text. Such criticism would 
include not merely length of time allow- 
ed-45 hours,-but also subject matter, 
continuity of such matter, and the em- 
phasis placed on laboratory. Leaving 
these dehatable points aside, however, the 
general impression made by a perusal of 
this text is that it is admirably written as 
to presentation of the facts. It is a moot 

MAY, 1934 


question, though, whether it is not too 
concise; for should a lecturer in this 
course be concerned with the presenta- 
tion of the facts and their professional 
application, a good text would go far to 
stimulate the interest of the student if 
it contains interesting matter just out- 
side the student's actual needs. In a 
course of this length it might well be 
pointed out that the use of symbols, 
formulæ and equations should be restrict- 
ed to the minimum; thus their early 
presentation on page 13 without intro- 
duction till page 46, and the discussion 
on pages 55 and 56 require much to be 
done by the lecturer. The hardest thing 
to present to beginners in chemistry is 
the "shorthand of chemistry." 
The experiment on page 16 is made 
unusually complicated for a beginner, as 
is also the presentation of the carbohy- 
drates. It likewise seems a pity that 
phenol was included with the alcohols, 
and that the cresols, etc., were not in- 
cluded with phenol in a separate section 
even if the curriculum did not so specify. 
Following this curriculum obviously may 
omit information of value to the nursing 
The above comments have been made 
from the point of view of a teacher who 
prefers to present his students with a 
complete text on which they may 
thoroughly rely for review purposes, the 
lectures being considered as a personal 
presentation to arouse their interest. All 
things considered, this text may be held 
to be suited to the requirements of the 
Curriculum for Schools of Nursing. 
M.Sc., Ph.D., Associate Professor of 
Chemistry, McGill University. 

Notes from the National Office 

Contributed by JEAN S. "W ILSON, Reg. N., Executive Secretary. 

At a meeting of the Executive Com' 
mittee of the Canadian Nurses Associa- 
tion which took place in Toronto during 
March, reports were received from all 
nine Provinces. The following excerpts 
strikingly demonstrate the interesting de- 
velopments now under way in all parts 
of the country. 
The Senate of the University ot 
Alberta h.ts authorized the School of 
Nursmg conducted by the Provincial 
Mental Hospital at Ponoka to affiliate 
with a school of nursing associated with 
a general hospital. A special committee. 
appointed hy the Alberta Association ot 
Registered Nurses, is dealing with the 
employment question. The fund of 
the A.A.R.N. is being continued, one of 
its purposes being to assist nurses in 
m.tking the initial payment of their 
registration fee which has been reduced 
from 57.0n to 055.00. 
British Columbia 
Affiliation with general hospitals for 
student nurses in schools of nursing asso' 
ciated with mental hospitals is being 
discussed hy the Graduate Nurses Asso- 
cÌc:ltion of British Columbia with the 
provincial joint study committee and 
with the officials of the Provincial Mental 
Hospitlll at Essondale. Arrangements for 
reciprocal registration with the General 
ing Council of England and Wales 
are practically completed: each applicant 
will be considered on her individual 
credentials. Special committees arc 
active in solic
ting subscriptions for the 
[ournd. in rJ.ising funds for the Florence 
Nightingale Memorial, and in the relief 
,)f unemployment. 
Amendments to the by-laws of the 
Manitoha Association of Registered 

urses provide that the conveners of the 
ections, (Nursing Education, Puh- 


lic Health Nursing and Private Duty 
Nursing) will be members of the Board 
of Directors and that the Manitoba 
Nurses Centr(11 Directory Committee will 
include in its memhership a member of 
the medical profession, appointed by that 
hody: and a lay memher who is to be 
appointed by the Local Council of 
Women of Winnipeg. Negotiations arc 
proceeding towards the establishment of registrJ.tion between the 
M.A,R.N. and the General Nursing 
Council of England and Wales. The 
private duty nurs
ng section is conducting 
a survey among its memhers to learn the 
numher of nurses engaged in professional 
work, either .tt a reduced fee or without 
remunerJ.tion. The nursing education 
section has distrihuted copies of a synop- 
sis of a study of Chapter Eleven of the 
y Report to the superintendents of 
schools of nursing in rural areas. The 
rules governing the lending of hooks from 
the M A.R.N. lihrll.ry are now printed 
on the reverse side of the J.nnual renewal 
memhership can1. 
New BTlIllsß'ick 
The Executive Council of the New 
Brunswick Association of RegIstered 
Nurses h.ts J.dviscd the provincial Board 
of Education that the Associ.ttion ap 
proves Junior matriculation as the 
minimum educational requirement for 
entrance to schools of nursing. The De- 
partment of Educ.ttion is heing asked to 
ist in placing this information before 
the high schools of the province so 
those who intend to study nursing after 
gradu.ttion may be advised in (l choice 
of studies. 
Nova Scotia 
The Rq
istered Nurses Association of 
"'\Tova Scoti., is seeking information on 
unemployment insur.tnce for nurses. 
LcgislJ.tion has heen ohtained wherehy, 
.tEter Octoher 31st, 1936, the completion 

VOL. XXX, No. 5 


of Grade XI. will be rcquired of those 
desiring registration and mcmbership 111 
the Registered Nurses Association of 
Nova Scotia. 
The puhlic health nursing section of 
the Registcred Nurses Association of 011' 
t.trio has distributed a y'uestionnaire to 
industrial nurses in Ontario in order to 
learn the needs and problems of this 
group before making arrangements for a 
refresher course A local group of 
private duty nurses. in District 7 has tem' 
porarily reduced the fee for a ten-hour 
day to $3.50. The private duty nurses 
of H.tmilton are organizing into a local 
group. Funds.tre being raised by 
Alumnae Associations for the Florence 
Nightingale Memorial Foundation. 
Prince Ed'ward Isla"d 
Thc Graduate Nurses Association of 
Prince Edward Island has appointed com 
mittees which are actively engaged in 
promoting the several projects in which 
all provincial units are participating. 
The progressive activities of the Asso- 
ciation of Registered Nurses in the Pro- 
vince of Quebec were included in the 
rcport of the annual meeting which w.ts 
puhlished in the March number of the 
.1 ournal. 
All committees of the Saskatchewan 
Registered Nurses Association are active. 
The employment committee is helping 
materially in ohtaining staff positions for 
.l numhcr of nurses in smaU hospitals and 
in arr.lI1ging postgraduate study in pro- 
vincial sanatori.t, in addition to the 
d,lsse.;; regularly planned by thesc insti, 
tutions. The results of the memhership 
campaIgn in Saskatchewan most 
gratifying and the passing of legislative 
measures wherehy all graduate nurses 
employed hy hospitals must he registered 
in the province is proving to he most 
effective in aiding the campaign. Certain 

1A"\, 19H 


concessions in reference to fees in 
arrears have been authorized, thus aiding 
nurses who are in arrears for several 
years to re-cst.thlish membership in the 
provincial association. 
Natio"al Council of Women 
Miss Florence H. M. Emory, president 
of the Canadian Nurses Association, re- 
presented the Association at a meeting 
of the Executive Committee of the 
N J.tional CounCIl of Women of Canada, 
held recently in Toronto. Among the 
resolutions adopted and of special interest 
to the members of thc nursing profession 
was the following, presented by Mrs. H. 
]. Cody, Convener of the Child Welfare 
Thdt representation be n1dde to the Prir.l
Minister regretting the discontinuance of :-ne 
Division of Child Welfare of the Department 
of Pensions and NatIOnal Health. 
That the Prime Minister (or the Federal 
Government) be asked for a statement 01 
policy of the Department of Pensions ar.d 
National Health as a whole, particularly in 
relation to maternity and child welf dre. 
The following resolution from the 
Canadian Federation of Business and 
Profes.."ional Women's Clubs was also 

I dopted : 
Whereas there are few women who are 
d for election to public positions and the 
National Council of \Vomen has always advo. 
cdted through its Cltizen
hip Committee that 
more women he appointed to puhlic office and 
has urged the form.ltion of study group
{ranchise clubs, we therefore endorse the- 
principle enunciðted in the resolution pre:,cnt. 
ed by the Canddian FederatIOn of Busine"
and Profes
ionðl Women's Cluhs in thl,. 
regard, hut would ..tress more partICularly if:., 
desirahility in connection with municipal 
atfdlls and would a,k that local cOlmcll.. 
through their citizenship committee" .lId in the 
..election and education of suitahle women for 
puhlic office. 
Forthcomjng .",Ieetjugs 
The Council of Women 
n1l..'cts in P.lris from .July 2- 12, 19
4. .tnd 
the .1Ilnu.ll meeting of the N.ltional 
Council of \\'omen of C.lIl,ld.l \\'111 he 
hdJ m Ott.lW.l in Octoher. 



News ltem
 Intended lor publication in the ensuing issue muSt reach the Journal not later than the eighth of the 
prccedmg month. In order to ensure accuracy all contributions should be typewritten and double-.paced. 

EDMONTON: A meeting of the Alumnae 
AssociatiOn of the School of Nursing of the 
Misericordia Hospital, Edmonton, was held 
on March 5 with Miss Mary Verchomin, 
president, in the chair. The financial report 
given by thc treasurer, Miss Cecillia McAnally, 
was very gratifying. A discussion on the 
possibility of an eight-hour day at $3, In 
addition to the twelve-hour day at $5 was 
held, with the view of extending employment 
to a greater number and rendering nursing 
care more readily available to patients who do 
not require a longer service. The officers of 
the Alumnae Association for the coming year 
are: Honorary President: Rev. Sister St. Co- 
lette; Honorary Vice-President: Miss M. 
O'Brien; President: Miss M. Verchomin; 
Vice-President: Miss A. Swaboda; Secretar)': 
Miss A. BioJ1a; 7'reasurer: Mrs. W. Bury; 
Programme Committee: Misses 1. Morrell, E. 
Benson, A. Watson. 
EDMONTON: The Royal Alexandra Hos- 
pital Alumnae Association entertained en 
March 28 at a banquet in honour of the gradu- 
ating class of 1934. Hon. Irene Parlby, 
minister without portfolio, was the guest 
speaker and predicted brighter prospects in 
the coming year with larger opportunities and 
new fields in nursing service. Miss Kate 
Brighty, superintendent of public health 
nurses, was toast mistress. Miss F. Munroe, 
superintendent of nurses, Royal Alexandra 
Hospital, proposed the toast to the graduating 
class to which Miss LilIidahl responded. Mis. 
Harold ElweJ1 toasted Alma Mater. During 
the evening a delightful programme was given 
by Mrs. T. H. Field, Mrs. Rice, Dr. Dora 
Newson and Mrs. Bartley. An unique tableau, 
through which the class passed in to dinner, 
depicted four eras of nursing. Miss May 
Deane-Freeman represented a "nurse" (Sairey 
Gamp) of the nineteenth century; Miss Shel- 
don represented "Jeanne Mance"; Miss Mos. 
ley assumed the rôle of "Florence Nightin. 
gale" and Miss Einarson portrayed "Edith 
Cavell." One hundred and thirty.five guests 
were present at this delightful function. 
EDMONTON: On April 6 the Alumnae Asso. 
ciation of the University Hospital entertained 
three hundred guests at a dance in honour of 
the nineteen nurses in the 1934 graduating- 
class. The patronesses were Mrs. Wallace. 
Mrs. Washburn, Miss Fenarck and Miss M. 
Reid. Mrs. Pound, Mrs. Beddome, Miss C. 

White and Miss M. Bowman were members of 
the dance comittee. 
Miss Laura Allyn (R.A.H., class 1917) and 
superintendent of nurses in the Baptist Mis- 
sion Hospital, Petha Purum, India, sailed from 
N ew York on April 14 to take postgraduate 
work in Edinburgh before returning to her 
work in India. Dr. Jessic Allyn, of the sam.c 
mission field, will spend a part of the summer 
visiting European dinics. 
MARRIED: Recently, Miss Nora Smith 
(Edmonton Misericordiå Hospital, 1926), to 
Dr. Edward F. Cain of Charlottetown, P.E.!. 
Dr. and Mrs. Cain are residing at Anaheim, 

BRANDON: The March meeting of the Br'ln. 
don Graduate Nurses Association was held at 
the home of Mrs. T. Lane. The programme 
for the evening was sponsored by the married 
nurses group. Mrs. E. Hannah introduced Dr. 
Noel Rawson, who gave an illustrated lecture 
on diphtheria. Mrs. Robert Darrach, M.B.E., 
moved a vote of thanks to Dr. Rawson. The 
Graduate Ñurses Association held a bridge 
on March 1, under the capable convenership 
of Mrs. E. Hannah. The proceeds were donat- 
ed to the General Hospita1. 
WINNIPEG: The regular meeting of the 
Alumnae Association of the School of Nursing 
of the Children's Hospital of Winnipeg, was 
held on March 13, when Mrs. Herklots, a 
Roumanian by birth and a physician by pro- 
fession gave a very interesting talk on Rou- 
mania. Her many examples of the handicrafts 
of the Roumanian people were greatly admired. 
WINNIPEG: At the April meeting of the 
Alumnae Association of the Winnipeg General 
Hospital, a grant was made towards the Flo. 
rence Nightingale International Foundation of 
$100.00 each year, for a period of five years. 
Miss Geraldine Hayden (W.G.H., 1921), 
has just returned from an extended trip to 
California and British Columbia. Mrs. O. W. 
Thompson (Edna Morgan, W.G.H., 1919), 
of Kitchener, Ont., recently visited in Win. 
nipeg. Dr. and Mrs. C. W. Burns (Gladys 
Mackay, W.G.H., 1921), attended the Ameri- 
can College of Surgeons Convention which 
was held in Venezuela, South America durin.:>' 
March. On April 10, the Alumnae Associ;' 
tion Dramatic Club presented a play entitled 
"The Rest Cure." 
MARRIED: On March 2, 1934, Miss Mar- 
jorie Elliott (W.G.H., 1932), to Dr. Alvin 
T. Mathers, at All Saints' Church, Winnipeg. 
VOL. XXX, No. 5 


FREDERICTON: The regular meeting of the 
local Chapter of the N.B.A.R.N. was held on 
April 2. The sum of fifteen dollars was voted 
from the Registered Nurses Association ar:d 
the Alumnae Association for the Florence 
Nightingale Memorial Fund. Our meetings 
are well attended and prove very interesting. 
A lecture from one of the local doctors usually 
follows the business session, after which 
refreshments are served. Miss Arline Inman 
(V.P.H., 1933), has completed a postgradu.ltc 
course, at the Royal Victoria Hospital, and 
also at the Children's Memorial Hospitdl, 
SAINT JOHN: The Saint John Chapter of 
the N.B.A.R.N. met on March 19 with Miss 
A. A. Burns, the president, in the chair 
Eight-hour duty and unemployment among 
nurses were discussed and a decision was made 
to advertise that nurses for hourly duty may 
be obtained through the registry. A history 
of the sick nurses benefit fund was given by 
Miss E. J. Mitchell, convener. The two 
Nightingale Memorial scholarships were re- 
ferred to. There was a large attendance. 
SAINT JOHN: The Saint John General 
Hospital l\lumnae Association met on April 
3, with Mrs. G. L. Dunlop in the chair. 
Reports were received showing a busy yea.. 
The Association wi1l again entertain the 
graduating class at a dinner dance. A pri
of ten dollars is to be given to the graduate 
obtaining the highest marks. Officers were 
elected as follows: Honorary President: Mis') 
E. J. Mitchell; President: Mrs. G. L. Dunlop: 
First Vice-President: Miss Ethel Henderson; 
Second Vice.President Mrs. F. McKelvev; 
Secretary, Mrs. J. Edgar Beyea; 'f reasure'r. 
Miss Kate Holt: Miss Murdoch, Miss R. Reed 
and Mrs. J. H. Vaughan are also memhers of 
the executive committee. 
Miss A. J. McMdster, president of tite 
N.B.A.R.N., has had the honour of having 
bestowed upon her a charter fellowship, in 
the recently organized American Colle'ge of 
Hospital Administrators. Miss Z. J. Lovely completed her postgraduate course at th
S.lint John General Hospital and has returned 
to her home in Woodstock. Miss McFarlane 
has resigned her position at the Saint JOilH 
General Hospital and is succeeded by Miss 
Helen Cahill. 
MARRIED: Recently, dt Edmundston, N.B., 
Miss Claire Montgomery (S.J.G.H.. 1928), to 
Mr. Hugh FoIster. Mr. and Mrs. FoIster will 
reside in Grand Falls, N.B. 
: At the M.lrch meeting of 
the IOCdl Chapter of the N.B.A.R.N. it was 
JcciJeJ to don.ltl' three flllllr !>cre('n
 tu the 

MAY, 1934 


Province of Ontario 


.\n e
aminati()n for the 
Registration of :\ ursps in 
the Pro\ ince of ( h1tario will 
be held on :\1.1)" 2
th, 2<)th 
anù 30th. 

.\pplication forms, informa- 
tion regarding subjects of 
t:'xam:nation, and general 
information relating thereto, 
may he had upon written 
application to 

:\tIISS A. M. "\1CNN, Reg. N. 
Parliament Buildings, Toronto 


Wanted: to communicate with 
a graduate nurse who has had 
undergraduate university work 
and who would be interested 
in furthur study of some one 
subject on a graduate basis. 
Fellowship a possibility 


Apply, by letter, in Cdre o
The Canadian Nurse 
BOX No, 14 

1411 Cr
nt Str






Chipman Memorial Hospital and to replenis:1 
linen supplies for the special nurses room. 
The Association has also donated a wheel chair 
to the hospital. Miss Florence Cunningham, 
former instructress of nurses at the C.M.H., is 
convalescing in Haverhill, Mass., after a seri- 
ous illness. Miss Gertrude Hughes (C.M.H.) 
is confined to the hospital with a fractured 
leg. Miss Phyllis McLaughlin has gone to 
Grand Manan to recuperate from a recent 
MARRIED: In January, 1934, at St. Stephen, 
N.B., Miss Helen G. Mowatt (C.M.H.), 
Mr. Cedric Dinsmore. 
MARRIED: At St. James Cathedral, Mont- 
real, Miss Marion Crawford, to Lieut.-Colonel 
P. E. McLaughlin. 
WOODSTOCK: The monthly meeting of the 
Alumnae Association of the L. P. Fisher Me- 
morial Hospital was held on March 20th, with 
the president, Mrs. Harry Dunbar, in the 
chair. After the regular business was trans- 
acted refreshments were served. 

LONDON: At the annual meeting of District 
1, held at the Ontario Hospital, London, on 
January 27th, the following officers were 
elected: Chairman: Miss Mildred Walker, In- 
stitute of Public Health, London; Vice-Chair- 
man: Miss Pearl Lumby, Sarnia General 
Hospital, Sarnia; Secretary-'[ reasurer: Miss 
Mildred Chambers, Institute of Public Health, 
London; Nursing Education: Miss Dorothy 
Thomas, Chatham General Hospital; Private 
Duty: Miss Annie Campbell, 258 Talbot St., 
St. Thomas; Public Health: Miss Mabel R. 
Hoy, 606 Canada Bldg., Windsor; Permane"1t 
Education: Mrs. H. Smith, 926 Waterloo St., 
London; Publications: Miss Elizabeth Ken- 
nedy, Ontario Hospital, London: MembershiP: 
Miss Grace Versey, Institute of Public Health, 
London; Councillors: LONDON, Miss Rhea M. 
Rhouatt, 422 Adelaide St.; ST THOMAS, Miss 
Hazel Hastings, 101 Curtis St.; STRATHROY, 
Mrs. Malone, Superintendent, General H03- 
pital; PETROLlA, Miss Ruby G. Page; CHAT- 
HAM, Miss Jean Lundy, 112 Van Allen St.; 
SARNlA, Miss Lottie Siegrist, 351 Davis St.; 
DSOR, Miss Mary R. Perrin, 606 Canada 
LONDOK: The regular meeting of the On- 
tario Hospital Alumnae Association was held 
recently with Miss Williams presiding; Mrs. 
Arthur Reilly acted as secretary in the absence 
of Mrs. Stanley Grosvenor. Final arrange- 
ments were made to hold a party on April 9th 
fur charltablc purposes, and each member 
\"oluntl:cred to give a prizc. The graduating 

class will be entertained at a dinner-dance, for 
which Mrs. Grosvenor was appointcd convener 
uf arrangements. Misses Lillian 
Evelyn Wilkinson, Evelyn Padgham, Phyili.;; 
Stapleton and Francis Burls assisted in serV1l1g 
refreshments. Application forms for mem- 
bership enrolment in the Canadian Red CrÛ'>s 
were distributed to the members. 
MARRIED: The marriage took place recently 
of Miss Gwendoline McKerecher (Chatham 
Public General Hospital, 1933), to Mr. Angus 
MARRIED: On February 24th, 1934, at Lon- 
don, Ont., Miss Bessie Elaine Tompkins 
(Chatham Public General Hospital, 193 I), to 
Mr. Lawrence Reginald French. 
BRAKTFORD: The monthly meeting of the 
Alumnae Association of the Brantford Genera! 
Hospital was held on April 3rd, when Mr. W. 
G. Raymond was the guest speaker and ga'"e 
a splendid talk on "Worthwhile Books for 
Busy People." Mr. F. D. Reville, who has 
been president of the Board of Governors of 
the Brantford General Hospital for many 
years, recently retired. The Woman's Hos- 
pital Aid, the Alumnae Association of the 
School for Nurses, the Student Nurses Asso- 
ciation, and the Junior Hospital Aid held a 
reception in honour of Mr. and Mrs. Revii!e 
on April 11th at the Nurses' Residence. 
The Canadian Red Cross Society, Brantford 
Branch, is at present conducting five classes 
in Home Nursing. Mrs. J. N. Mitchell is 
convener of the Home Nursing Committ('e 
and Mrs. F. Unger is organizer. Graduation 
exercises of the Little Mother class under tl:e 
direction of the Victorian Order Nurses were 
held recently and were very successful. Six- 
teen "teen" age girls graduated. A play 
called "Little Vegetable Men" was put on by 
the students and was greatly enjoyed by 
parents and friends. At the closing meetin
of the class the members were entertained at 
the home of Mrs. J. N. Mitchell. Supper was 
serv('d: after which competitive games were 
played and prizes awarded. Miss Anne 
Hardic;ty spent her Easter vacation in Ber- 
HAMIL TOK: Of much interest is the appoint- 
ment of Mrs. Agnes Haygarth to the position 
dS directress of nursing services in Hamilton. 
Amalgamation of the city's nursing services 
recently touk place, namely, those of the Ham- 
ilton Department of Health, the Board of 
Education and the Babies' Dispensary Guild. 
Mrs. Haygarth, formerly a member of the 
nursing staff attached to the Provincial Do?- 
p.lrtment of Hcalth in Ontario, i, a
VOL. XXX, No. 5 


of the School of Nursing of the Hamilton 
General Hospital. 
MIss Edith Menzies (H.G.H., 1925), has 
been appointed to take charge of the obste- 
trical department in the Mount Hamilton 
Hospital. Miss Edna Webster (H.G.H., 
193:!), has been appointed assistant night 
supervi1>or in the Hospital at 622 West 168th 
St., New York. Miss Connell and Miss c.::,s- 
ford (H.G.H., 1933), are doing private duty 
nursing in Bermuda. Miss Mary Ward, 
supervisor of the children's wing, Hamilton 
General Hospital, has returned from a month's 
vacdtion in Florida. 
HAMILTO:-:: On Easter Sunday, April 1st, 
1934, at Erskine Church, Hamilton, a me- 
morial tablet, donated by Mrs. H. E. Soutar 
in memory of her daughter, the late Mildred 
Soutar (St. Joseph's Hospital, 19:!8), was 
unveiled. Miss Soutar died while engaged 
in missionary work in India. 
HAMILTON: At a recent meeting of the 
Alumnae Association of the School of Nursing 
of St. Joseph's Hospital, Hamilton, an illus- 
trated lecture on the nervous system was given 
by Dr. W. O. Stevenson. 
TORONTO: The Alumnae A<;sociation of the 
School of Nursing of the Hospital for Sick 
Children, Toronto, wishes to announce that 
a luncheon is being arranged to take place 
at the hospital on Wednesday, June 27th, 
1934. The executive committee of the 
Alumnae As"ociation is most anxious that all 
out-of-town members of the association take 
note of this advance notice a'nd that they 
will pldn to be present at the luncheon. 
TORONTO: The annual meeting of the 
Alumnae Association of the School of Nursing 
of St. Michael's Hospital took place recently. 
The election of officers resulted as follows: 
Hon. President: Rev. Sister Norine; Hon. 
ident: Rev. Sister Jeanne: President: 
Miss Marie Melody: First Vice- President: Miss 
Crocker; Second Vice-President: Miss R. 
Grogan: 'Thi
d Vice-President: Mi!'os J .0'Con- 
: 'Treasurer: Miss G. Coulter, Apt. 404, 4:! 
Isabelle St.: Assistant 'Treasurer: Miss 1. 
Nealon: Recording Secretary: Mis<; M. Do- 
herty, St. Michael Hospital; Cnrresþondtn.
Secretary: Miss K. McAuliffe, E.I::.twood Apt., 
Sherhourne St.; Private Dutv Reþresentativ
Mi<;s McGuire; Public Healdl Reþresentativc: 
s H. Kerr; Pre,'ìs Reþresentatit.'e: Mi
Regdn: C(ItU1cillors: Misses M. Blown. I. Mc- 
Gurk. ('. Cronin. 
Misse::. Aileen Bans .wd M.lri.1I1 Tuph.!!H 
(CI.I!'o<; of 1<)32). .Ife t..klng ro,tgraJIJ.ltc 
(IIUf!'ol'" .Il St. M.lrv's HosPlt.11. RodH"ll'l. 



University of Toronto 


An dccredited school under the 
Registrdtion Act of the 
Province of Ontdrio 

1. Undergraduate Training 
for Nursing. 
A three-yedr course in nursing 
which gives prepdrdtion for stdff 
work in both hospitdl nursing dnd 
public hedlth nursing. This ledds 
to the School Diploma dnd pre- 
pdres for provincidl registrdti.:>n 

2. Courses for Graduate 
One-yedr courses which ledd to 
certificdtes from the School. 
Students mdY enrol for study in 
prepdrdtion for dny one of the 
Public Hedlth Nursing (d pre- 
limindrY course). 
Public Hedlth Nursing (dd- 
vdnced work in specidl fields). 
T edching in schools of nursing. 
Supervision dnd generdl stdff 
work in hospitdl dnd nursing 
Undergrdduates will live in resi- 
dence dnd d certdin dmount of 
residence dccommodation will dlso 
be aVdildble for grddudte st'Jdents. 
For further informdtion apply to:- 

School of Nursing 
University of Toronto 



KINGSTON: The annual meeting of the 
Registered Nurses Association of Ontario. Dis. 
trict 7. took place in the Kingston General 
Hospital on March 24th, with Miss L. D. 
Acton in the chair. The secretary, Miss ù. 
Wilson. reported 182 paid.up members for 
the past year. She also stated that District 
7 ranked third in Ontario for meeting the 
allocation for the permanent education fund 
for graudate nurses. Ways and means of 
relieving unemployment of nurses was dis. 
cussed and the members were urged to attend 
the biennial meeting of the Canadian 
Association which is to be held in Toronto in 
June. MISS Shaw, of the Ontario Hospital, 
Brockville, was appointed a delegate to attend 
this meeting. The following officers were 
elected: President: Miss L. D. Acton, King:;. 
ton General Hospital; Vice. President: Miss M. 
Bliss, superintendent, Public Hospital, Smith's 
Falls; Secretary.'Treasurer: Miss O. Wilson, 
Kingston General Hospital. At the close of 
the business meeting Dr. W. A. Jones, 
oIogist at the Kingston General Hospital, gave 
an interesting address on the history and uses 
of X'ray and radium. Refreshments were 

served at the close of the meeting by M:ss 
Baillie and members of the Kingston General 
Hospital nursing staff. Miss Bliss invited the 
district association to hold the next meetin
at the Public Hospital, Smith's Falls, in June, 
and the invitation was accepted. 

MONTREAL: At the April meeting of the 
Royal Victoria Hospital Alumnae Association 
three papers were read on recent developments 
in special fields of nursing. These were given 
by representatives of the private duty section, 
public health section and nursing education 
section, respectively. Miss M. A. Prescott 
(RV.H., 1905), spent the Easter holidays in 
Kingston and, en route, visited friends in 
MARRIED: On April 10th, 1934, Miss Gert. 
rude Godwin (R.V.H., 1917), to Mr. Art!lUr 
Robertson, of Montreal. 

SASKATOON: Sympathy is extended to Mi
M. R. Chisholm in the loss of her father, 
Mr. A. Chisholm, who died suddenly on 
March 8, 1934, at the family residence in 


BOSWELL-The death occurred on March 
8. 1934, at Seaforth, Ont., of Mrs. Phoebe 
Boswell, wife of Mr. E. C. Boswell. The 
deceased was born at Sharbot Lake, where 
her father, Canon Austin Smith, had his 
parish, and was educated at St. Agnes Col. 
lege, Belleville. She later graduated fro;n 
the School for Nurses of the Kingston Gen. 
eral Hospital. Mrs. Boswell is survived by 
her husband and two children, three and 
five years old, her parents, Canon and 
Mrs. Austin Smith of Trenton, and two 
brothers, Rev. F. Arthur Smith, of Trenton 
and Mr. Stanley Smith, of Winnipeg. 
Services were held at Seaforth and burial 
took place in Cobourg Cemetery. 
BREWER-The death occurred recently of 
Mrs. Brewer, widow of the late Staff Ser- 
geant Brewer, R.C.M.P. For about two 
years prior to her death Mrs. Brewer was 
engaged in teaching at Barr Hill, Alberta. 
She was a graduate of the School of Nurs- 
ing of the Galt Hospital, Lethbridge. and 
had greatly endeared herself to the com. 
munity in which she lived. 
COMISH-At her home in Toronto. in 
February, 1934, after a short illness. Mona 
Cornish, class of 1930, St. Michael's Hos. 
pital School of Nursing, Toronto. Since 

her graduation Miss Cornish had been 
engaged in social service work with the 
Neighborhood Workers, Toronto. 
DONOVAN-At St. Michael's Hospital. on 
March 24, .1934, after a brief illness, Mrs. 
Donovan (Helen O'Neil), formerly of 
Lindsay, Ontario, and a graduate of St. 
Michael's Hospital School of Nursing, 
JACK-The School of Nursing of the Massa- 
chusetts General Hospital, Boston, lost one 
of its oldest graduates in the death of Miss 
Helen Ramsay Jack, on March 28, 1934, 
at her residence in Saint John, N.B. 
McMAHON-At the Woodstock General 
Hospital, on February 23, 1934, Winnifred 
Jackson, beloved wife of Mr. Thomas Mc. 
Mahon. Mrs. McMahon was a member of 
the class of 1924 of the School of Nursing 
of the Hamilton General Hospital. She is 
survived by her husband and by an infant 
son who was born on February 1, 1934. 
THOMPSON-Miss Alice Thompson died Ul 
February, 1934, at St. Michael's HospitaL 
Toronto, her alma mater. She was a gradu. 
ate of the class of 1905, and had engaged 
10 private duty nursing in Toronto until 
about two months prior to her death. 
VOL. XXX, No.5 


TORONTO: The N atiunal Executive of the 
O.N.S.A. wishes to notify the Nursing Sisters 
that a business luncheon will be held in the 
roof garden of the Royal York Hotel, at 
12.30 p.m., on Thursday, June 28. We un- 
derstand also that His Honour, the Lieutenant' 
Governor and Mrs. Bruce are entertaining 
the O.N.S.A. at a garden party on Wed, 
nesday afternoon, June 27, when full sized 
medals or ribbons will be in order. No ribbons 
or medals will be worn for the general banqut't 
or at any other time. 
KIKGSTON: The annual meeting of tile 
Kingston Unit, of the O.N.S.A. was held at 
the King!'ton General Hospital. The following 
officers were elected for the coming yeM. 
President: Miss Leonora Hdrrington, Nara' 
nee; Vice-President: Miss Grace Hiscock, 
Kingston; Secretary-er reasurer: Mrs. Jack 
Willoughby, Napanee. 
WINNIPEG: The tenth annual meeting of 
the Nursing Sisters Club of Winnipeg was 
held at the home of MIss S. Pollexfen, 011 
March 21, with the president, Mrs. C. M. 
Davidson, m the chair and about thirty mem' 

bers preseht. A buffet dinner was berved from 
a table centred with spring blooms in shades 
of mauve and yellow. The reports of the 
various conveners of committees were sub- 
mitted and showed that the Club has made 
some progress. The new executive committee 
was welcomed into office, in a graceful speech, 
made by the temporary chairman, Mi!'s Annie 
C. Starr. lts members are as follows: Presi- 
dent, Miss Margaret Meehan, 753 \V olsel
Ave., Winnipeg; First Vice-President, MIs. 
Fletcher Argue, 189 Kingston Row, Winni, 
peg; Committee Conveners: Social, Mrs. E. 
Hambhn, 704 St. Mary's Rd., Winnipeg; Press 
and Publications: Miss Martha Hearn, '2 
Huntley Apts., \Vinnipeg; Memorial and 
Poppy: Miss Edith Hudson, 545 St. Mary's 
Rd., Winnipeg; MembershiP: Miss Ruby 
Dicky, 103 Chestnut St., Winnipeg: Sic
Visiting: Mi!'s L. N. Gray, Victorian Order 
of Nurses, \Vïnnipeg; Secretary-Treasurer: 
Mrs. S. Gordon Kerr, 5-217 Sherbrooke St., 
\\'innipeg; Adt'isor)' Members are: Miss Mar- 
garet MacGillivray, Miss Ann Blais, Mi$s 
Elsie J. Wilson, Miss E. C. LetcJlier. 


A recent announcement by Juhnson êi JU:1I1- 

U:l, Limited, indicates that they are now manu' 
facturing "Z 0" Adhesive Plaster entirely in 
Canada. Previously it has been necessary to 
import adhesive tape, as no plant existed to 
produce it in this country. Now Johnson fÿ 
Johnson, in pursuance of their established 
policy to buy and manufacture in CanadJ. 
whenever possible, have built their own 
,l{.Ihesive plaster plant in Montreal and equip' 

ped it with the latest machmery for the com- 
plete manufacture of this product. Thus a new 
Canadian industry has been established and 
resultant manufacturing economies will permit 
substantial reductions in price. Superinten- 
dents of hospitals and supervisors of surgical 
departments where this indispensable product 
is in daily use will appreciate its good qualities 
all the more because for the future it will be 
'made in Canada." 

\ 1. 
rl.l. . .. II' - 
I. It 
111111 I . , 

.. . , 

 I frill . liE ; ; 
, ..' 

MA"\, 1934 

Till ]OIlJ\:SO.... \'"D JOIIJ\:SO:>; "ACTORY, 


. . . OFF. . . DUTY. 

After what seemed to be . . . an interminable winter. . . Spring came slowly 
. up this way. . . of course the Pacific coast. . . Vancouver and Victoria. . . 
and other vernal climes . . . lived up to Chamber of Commerce advertising . . . 
..:md gathered roses in December. . . or at least crocases in February. . . Calgary 
had a mid-winter Chinool{ wind. . Winnipeg a January thaw . . . 'Toronto 
always true to its tradition . . . did not go to extremes . . . bat for a high wide 
and handsome old-fashjoned winter. . . give us 1vIontreal . . . or rather don't give 
it to us, we've had it already . . . Natm'e tool{ her course. . . uncheclted by any 
interference . . . from the street cleaning department . . . we have never seen 
: . . more or dirtier snou.! . . . not even in Bul{harest . . . where they do pretty 
well . . . when a Blaclt Sea wind is blowing . . . also the ruts were grand. . . 
frozen blacl{ and hard. . . with nice sharp edges. . . which cut you when you fell 
. . . yet they had to yield at last . . . they turned into spring freshets . . . and 
leaped down the mountainside . . . with pleasant gurglings . . . then the crows 
came. . . noisy and qaarrelsome . . . and the willows and alders. . . toolt on that 
lovely flush . . . which shows the sap is rising . . . Soon the lilacs will bud . 
and other hardy perennials . . . will burst into bloom . . . such as addresses to . . . 
the members of the graduating class . . . valedictories . . . cldss prophecies . . . 
Harassed college professors . . . and the local dags . . . will þrepare for oratory 
. . . at forthcoming exercises . . . by hastily 100Jting up Florence Nightingale. . . 
in the National Dictionary of Biography . . . and the Encyclopedia Britannica . . . 
Earnest practitioners of medicine . . . will proceed once more . . . to warn white- 
robed damsels . . . of the dangers of the unbridled tongue . . . and the urgent. 
necessity. . . of never saying. . . in so many words .. that 'you thinlt Johnny 
has measles . . . the malting of such a diagno.çis . . . being beyond the powers 
. . . of a member of an ancillary group . . . If you don't l{now what ancillary 
means . . . consult the dictiona.ry . . . there are several definitions . . . most of 
which explain . . . that inferiorit'y complex . . . to which nurses seem born . . . 
as the sparR..s fly upward . . . The only time . . . we el'er really felt ancillary 
. . . was at a graduation ceremon)' . . . when we beheld. . . the President of the 
Ladies' HosPital Aid . . . pinning the medals . . . on the crisp new uniforms . . . 
of the graduating class . . . while the head of the school . . . who, through three 
long years . . . had srared no effort . . . to give these student nurses . . . a fai'r 
deal . . . stood humbly by . . . and handed her the little boxes. . . which contained 
them. . . However we were tall{ing about Spring. . . and new and growing things 
. . . Nursing is a. very old tree . . . its roots go deep into the centu.ries . . . yet 
every year . . . its sap ru.ns strong and free . . . and its branches . . . brealt into 
a foam of þinlt and white blossom. . . the mantle and mystery of the Spring. . . 
Meantime of Cou.rse . . . it remains the immemorial duty . . . of the director of 
nursing . . . to see that the deplorable attemþt of Miss Jones . . . to disgrace the 
class . . . by wearing high-heeled shoes . . . is frustrated in time . . . and that 
pretty Miss Smith . . . does not too closely resemble . . . a floral display . . . and 
of course. . . (we nearly forgot) . . . she must stand ready to hand the little boxes 
. . . in a manner becoming . . . to a self-effacing member . . . of an ancillary 
rrofession . . . 


VOL XXX, No.5 







t iii 
.- .. .,. ... 



............... '-:: 
t- '





D o YOU decide which brand of 
Evaporated Milk to put in the 
baby's bottle, or is the decision 
reached during the mother's chance 
meeting with a friend? 
In prescribing Evaporated Milk for 
infant feeding, you have in mind a 
milk that meets your high standards 
of quality. But the mother's friends 
cannot be relied upon 
to tell her what these 
standards of q uali ty 
are, or how she can 
obtain them. She needs 
your advice to guide 
her choice. 







, \ 





\, "


The quality which the physician 
demands for infant feeding is found in 
Borden's St. Charles Evaporated Milk 
produced by The Borden Company. 
Careful selection of raw milk and 
rigid safeguards throughout the pro- 
cess of manufacture guarantee the 
quality, purity and freshness of Bor- 
den's St. Charles Milk. 

Write for compact, simple infant 
feeding formulary and scientific litera- 
ture. Address The Borden Company. 
Limited, Yardley House, Toronto. 


Borden's Evap- ...,,

orated Milk was A"'iRIC.A... 
the first evaporated "1
milk for infant fee-d- 
inlt to receive the 
Seal of Acceptance from the 
American Medical Association 
Committee on Foods. 

MAY, 1934 



------- ----------- - -- - -- - --I 

The Ideal Aperiell t 
for Babies and Childr<-u 

.?rom ......-.. PO 
JC'e"s ," AI . 
Experienced NurseI' know that these famous 
English powders are ideal for fretful babies- 
during teething-to relieve feverishness ånd 
constipation-whenever a safe and gentle laxa- 
tive is needed. Free samples gladly supplier!. 
also copies of conr'ise prac.tic'al booklet, "Hint!' 
1others." .-\ddr('ss JOHN STEEDMAN 
& CO., 504 St. La\uelH'e Blvd., :\Iontreal. 

General Health 


A Victoria Nurse says: 
,.they are wonderful:' 
-They will not collap8e 
-Will not pull off, and 
can be put on with one 
hand whilf' holding a 
1 baby. 
Large Size 25c. Small tOe 
j Canadian A(1ent8 
Laurentian Laboratories 
. Limited 
560 DeCourc
lIe. St. 

Maðe in Canaila 




The Central Registry of 
Graduate Nurses, Toronto 

Furnish Nurses at any hour 
Telephone Kingsdale 2136 
s' and Surgeons' Bldg., 
86 Bloor Stleet, West, 


Nurses Called Day or Night 

Telephone PLateau 7841 
1230 Bishop St., MONTREAL, P.Q. 
Club House Phone PI.. 3900. 

Manitoba Nurses' Central Directory 

Registrar-ANNIE C. STARR; Reg. N. 
Phone 30 620 
753 Wolseley Avenue, Winnipeg, Man. 

The Central Registry Graduate Nurses 
Phone Garfield 0382 
91 Balsam Ave., Hamilton, Onto 



Subscription rate $2.00 per year in Canada. Foreign postage fifty cents additional. 
Please send 'The Canadian Nurse to: 



'\/n' vvv N



International Council of :\urses: 
Iiss Christiane Reimann, 14 Quai des Eaux-\ïves, Cene\'a, 

First Vice-President .. 
Second Vice-President 
Honorary Secretary 
Honorary Treasurer 

.. ...11iss F. H. 1\1. Emory, L"niversity of Toronto, Toronto, Onto 
.. .....Miss R. 
1. Simpson, Parliament BIdgs.. Regina, Sask. 
l\Iiss G. M. Bennett, Ottawa Civic Hospital. Ottawa, Om 
.. .ì\tiss !'\"ora Moore, City Hall, Room 309, Toronto, Om, 
.. l\liss 1\1. :\lurdoch. 51. John General Hospital. Saint John, ="l.B. 

Nllmeral8 preceding names indicate office held, "Ú: (I) President. PrO'Dineial Nurses Association: (21 Chairman, 
Nur8ing Education Section; (3) Chairman, Public Health Section: (4) Chairman, PrifJate Duty Sect1'on. 

\Iberta: (I) .:\Iiss F. :\1 unroe, Royal Alexandra Hof'- 
pital, Edmonton; (2) :\liss J. Connal, General Hospi- 
tal. Calgary; (3) .:\Iiss B. A. Emerson, 604 Civic 
Block. Edmonton; (4) :\Ii!'s J. ('10\\, 11l38-82nd 
Ave., Edmonton. 
Hritlsh Columbia: (I) :\liss :\1. F. Gray, Dept. of 

ursing, University of British Columbia, 'ancouver; 
(2) :\liss L. :\litchell, Royal Jubilee Huspital, 'ic- 
toria; (3) :\Iiss :\1. Duffield. 175 Broadway East, 
"ancouver; (4) .:\liss 
1. :\lirfield, Beachf'roft 
Home, Cook St., 'Ïctoria. 
\lanitoba: (I) :\Iiss :\Iildred Reid, Nurses Hesidence, 
Winnipeg General Hospital, Winnipeg; (2) 
ister fo:t. 
Albert, St. Joseph's Hospital, Winnipeg; (3) :\liss E. 
.:\lcKelvey, 603 :\1 edical Arts Building, Winnipeg; 
(4) :\Iiss K. :\lcCallum, 181 Enfield Crel!f'ent, I\or- 
:-';ew Brunswick: (I) Miss .-\. J. .:\lac.:\laster, .:\Ioncton 
Hospital, Moncton; (2) fo:ister Corinne Kerr, Hotel 
Dieu Hospital, Campbellton; (3) .:\1iss Ada Burns, 
Health Centre, 
aint John; (4) MiSB :\label 1\Ic- 
:\1 ullen, St. fo:tephen. 
","ova Scotia: (I) :\Iiss .\nne 
lattery, Box 173. 
Windsor; (2) Mrs. :\Iurray :\lacKay, 
ova Scotia 
Hospital. Dartmouth; (3) Miss .-\. Edith Fenton, 
Dalh,)Usie Health ('Iinic, :\lorris St., Halifax; (4\ 
:\li!<s Christine :\laeLeod, 9i ;o.;outh Kline St., Halifax. 

Ontario: (I) \Iiss :\Iarjorie Buck. Norfolk Hosvitall 
:'imcoe; (2) Miss S. 1\1. Jamieson, Peel Memoria. 
Hospital, Brampton; (3) Mrs. .-\p;neø Haygarth, 
21 Susse'( St., Toronto; (4) 
Iiss Clara Brown, :?::I 
Kendal .-\ ve., Toronto. 
Prince Edward Island: (I) :\Iiss Lillian Pidgeon, 
Prince ('0. Hospital. Summerside, (2) :\liøs F. 
I averR, Princ'e Co. }fof'pital, fo:ummerside; (3) M if'!< 
1. Gillan. 59 Grafton 
t., Charlottet()\\ n; (4) :\1 iB/< 
Gamble, 51 Ambrose St., CharloUeto\\n. 
Quebec: (I) 
Iiss C. Y. Barrett, Royal 'Ïctoria :\Iah'r- 
nity Hospital, 
1()ntrpal; (2) 
liss :\Iartha Batf'lIn, 
:\Iontreal General Hospital, :\Iontreal; (3) l\1if's 
Christine Dowlinp;. 1246 Hi8hop 
treet, :\Iontreal; 
(4) :\lis!< C. 1\1. WatlinlZ, 1230 Bishop Street, :\lontreal. 
Saskatchewan: (I) Miss Edith .-\mas, C'ity Hospital, 

askatoon; (2) :\Iiss G. M. Watson, City Hospital, 
Saskatoon; (3) :\1rs. E. 1\1. Feeny, Dep1. of Public 
Health, Parliament Bldgs., Uep;ina; (4) 
liRB :\1. U. 
Chi!<holm, 80!) 7th Ave. S., 

CHAIR\IE" :\IATIO:S-.\L SEcnO:":s 
;\LR-iINr. EDVC.O\TIO:S-: .:\Iiss G. :\1. Fairle", "ancoU\ er 
General Hospital, Vancouver; PLIJLIC lÌEALTH: MiBS 
:\1. :\loap;. 1246 Bishop S1., :\Iontreal; PRIVATE 
Dt:T\: .:\Iiss Isabel :\1 acIntoBh, Qut'enscourt Apt., 
i5 Queen St. S., Hamilton. 

Executive Secretary: 'liss Jean S. Wilson, 
ational Office, 1411 Crescent St., 
J\lontreal, P,O. 


HN: :\liss G. :\1. Fairley, "anf'ouver General 
Hospital, Vancouver; "I('E-CH-\IRM-\N: :\liBs :\1. F. 
Gray, l'"niversity of Britlf'h Columbia, "ancol!\"er; 

ECRETARY: :\liss E. F. rpton, Suite 221. 1::1!)6 St. 
Catherine St. \\ est, :\lontreal; TRE-\Bt"RER: \Iiss :\1. 
Blanche Anderson, Otta\\a Civic Hospital, Otta\\a. 
('01 snLLORM - \Iberta: :\lif'/< J. Connal, General Hos- 
pital, ('alp;ary. British Columbia: :\liRS L. :\litchell, 
Royal ,Jubilee Hospital, 'ïctoria. \lanitoba: Sistf'r 
;o.;t. .\Inert, 
1. J',seph's Hospital, WinnipelZ. 
i'iew Hrunswick: 
if'ter Corinne Kerr, Hotel Dieu, 
ova Scotia: :\1rs. .:\1 urray :\Ial' Kay, 

o"a :-if'otia HOf'pital, Dartmouth. Ontario: .:\Iiss 
:-'. :\1. .Jamieson, Pf'el :\Iemorial Hospital, Brampton. 
I>rlnce Edward Island: :\Ii!<s :\1. I aver"" PrilJ('e 
('0. Hospital, I"ummerside. Quebec: :\lill8 :\Iartha 
Hatslln, :\Iontrf'al Genf'ral Hospital, :\lontreRI. Sas- 
katchewan: :\liB/< G. \1. \\ ab
on. Cit
Saskatoon. CON"\"Est:R ot. PI'RLW-\TIOS"', :\Ii..s \1. 
:\1. Reid, Winnipep; General Hospital, \\ïnnipeJl:. 

('U\lII'\I.o\S: :\liss I811.hel \1 ü..J ntOf'h , QUf'ens('ourt .-\1'1., 
75 Queen 
t. :-i., Hamilton; \'wt:-('H\IRM-\N: 'li"'B 
:\Iahel .:\1(':\lullen, Box aas, S1. Stf'phf'lI; 
TRE-\st:RER: :\lrø. ROBe 11,,81'1, 1:l9 Wellinp;ton 
('OI'NCILLORR: .\Iherta: :\hM .J. (10\\. 111:

.\ve., Edmontoll. Hritish Columbia: \liBS \1. 
:\lirfìf'I(1. Be8(.h,'rort "urslll!!: HOIllf', \Ïl'toriu. 

MAY, 1934 

Ii!'s K. :\ll'CallulII, ISI Enfield ('res.. 
Xorwood. !'\ew Brunswick: :\liBs .:\label :\1c':\lulien. 

t. Stephen. ,",ova Scotia: :\1iss Christine :\lad eod, 
outh Kline 
t., Halifax. Ontario: :\1iBI' Clara 
Brown, 23 Kendal .-\ve., Toronto. Prince Fdwanl 
Island: :\1iss M. Gamble, 51 .-\mbrol'e 
1., Charlotte- 
to\\n. Quebec: :\liss C. :\1. Watlinp;, 12:10 Hi..hop 

Iontreal. Saskatchewan: :\Iisf' :\1. H. Chi!<- 
5 7th Ave. r-;-., ::;askatoon. CmwEroöt:R Ot 
LI('-\TION": :\liBS Jean Da" idson, Paris. 

('H-\lIIMAN: :\Iiss :\1. :\loa(l:, 1246 Bishop fo:t., :\lontre,ll; 
"WE-CHAIRM -\N: :\1iss :\1. Kerr. 946 20th -\ \ p. \\., 
E('Rt:T.\R\-TRE-\"l.Rt It: :\liss \lar
:\lathe\\snn, 464 Stratlwona .\\ e.. \\'eI'tIllO\lnt, P.<J. 
C\II N('ILLOR" \Iberta: :\Ii.." B. ,\. Enlt'r"on, ti04 
(Ivif' Blo('k, Fdl1lontoll Britbh ('olun1bla: \Iil'!; 
\1. Duffield, Ii 5 Broad \\ lI.y EMt, \. alll'OI1\ er. 
\lanitoba: !\Ii.... I.:. 'Id'ehev, t)O:
 \1 ("(lic'1I.1 -\rt.. 
lIildinlZ, \\ innille!!:. :'\t.'W ßruns\\lck: \Ii
.. .\d/\ 
Burns, Hf'alth ('entre, 
aint ./ohll. :-':0\11 St:otia: 
\Ii!ll' Fdith Fenton, J>alllllullje Jlf'l\lth ('hille, :\1..rrr.. 
:'1.. H/\Iifa'l(. Ontarlo::\1 rs \p;lIeB Ha
 1Z8rth, 21 
t., Toronto. Prlnt:e I'd\\ard Island: :\Ii"" 
18n Gillan, .')f) Grafton 
t., Chll.rl..ttetmHI. ()uebl'c: 
\Ii..!' ('hrilltinf' J>o\\linll', 1:!4fì Bill)lIIf) 
I., \lontrf'al. 
Saskatche\\an: :\lrs. F 'I. Fef'ne
, I)elll. of Puhli.. 
lIeah)" Parli8nwllt Ihlllllllll/S, Hej[inR. ('0'1/\ "Nt" 
(I'" 1'1' '1.1("-\111'''''' \lr.. \'W 11.1
1I"..t", 21 :-'11""1'\ 
:-'t Torollto 






Provincial Associations of Registered Nurses 



Alberta \ssociation of Rel1.istered !\ urses 
President, :\liss F. 
1unroe, Royal .\lexandra 
Hospital, Edmonton; First '"ice-President, .Mrs. de 

atge, Hol} Cross Hospital, Calgary; ::5econd \"ice- 
President, :\Iiss ::ì. :\lacdunald, General Hospital, 
Calgary; Hecretary-Treasurer-Registrar, :\Ii!'s Kate :--. 
Brighty, Administration Building, Edmonton; Chair- 
men: Nursing Education Spction, 
liss J. Connal, 
General Hospital, Calp;ary; Public I1ealth Section. Miss 
B. A. Emerson, 604 (,ivic Block, Edmunton; PrÙ'ate 
Ultty Section, !\liss .J. C. Clnw, 1l1
8-82nd \\'1'. 


Graduate Nurses Assoclat
on of British Columbia 
President,l\I. F. Gray, 1466 W. 14th Ave., \"ancouver; 
First \'ice-President, E. G. Breeze; Secund \'ice-Presi- 
dent, G. Fairlev; Registrar. II. Randal, 516 \"ancouver 
ßlock, Vancouver; ::ìecretary, :\1. Kerr, 516 Van com er 
Block, Vancouver; COlU'eners of Committpes: II/ursin a 
Education, L. Mitchell, Hoyal Jubilee Huspital, \'ic- 
toria; Public Health, Ì\1. Duffield, 175 Bruad\\ay East, 
\'ancouver; Prirate Duty, :\Iiss :'01. :\lirfield, Beachcroft 

ursing Home, Cook 
t., '"ictoria; COUllC'illors, :\1. P. 
Camphell, :'01. Dutton, L. :\lcAllister, I\:. :'anderson. 


Manitoba Association of Re
istered Nurses 
President, :\lis.'1 :\1. Reid, Winnipeg General Hospital; 
First Vice-President, :\Iif-f' 
. Wright, :\letropolitan 
Life, WinnipeR:; :-'econd \"iee-President, :\lif'I" ('. :\Ic- 
Leod, Brandon Generaillospital; Third \ïee-PreRidpnt, 
::;ister IÜause, :'t. Boniface Hospital; :\Iember!\ of 
Board: :\liss:\1. Lang, !\Ii!'s E. Carruthers, :-,i!'ter :\lary, 
:\Iiss K. W. Ellis, :\tiss h.. :\l('Learn, :\liss :\1. :\Ieehan, 
:\liss E. Johnson, 
istpr :--t. -\lbert; roTltleners of Sec- 
tions: Public I/palth, :\liss E. :\ld\:elvey; Primte Dutil, 
:\Iiss K. :\leCallum; Nursing Education. 
i"ter :,t. 
Albert. ('mwener8 of ('ommittpcR: Dire..-tory, :\1if! .J. 
Kerr, 74 Cobourg ,\ve.; Soc'ial, :\li,,:; :-;. Pollex fen, 051 
Palrnerston .-\ ve.; I"ic'k \ïsitinl!:, :\Iisf' L. Grav, 'ïe- 
tori an Orler of Nurses; :\Iembership, :\Iiss E. Ironside, 
Winnipeg General Hospital; Librarian, :\Iiss W. Gric'e 
Ii!'s A. Htarr, 7,')3 \Volseley \ve.; Pres!' and Pub- 
iication, :\Iiss E. Banks, 64 
t. Cross :-'t.; RepreRpnta- 
tÙ'es: Local Counl'il of \\'omen, :\Irs. \\ illard Hill and 
:\Irs. Emmett f)\\yer; Central of :-'oc.ial -\J!;en- 
('ie!', :\Iiss F. Robertson; \ïl'torian Order of ;'I; ursl's, 
:\Jiss E. 
\. RUf'l'l'll; .Junior Red Cross, 
li8" E. Parher; 
Hed Cross Enrolment, :\Irf'. J. F. :\Iorrison; E...el'utive 
:-:ec'rptaryand ReJ1:istrar, :\lrs. ::5tella Gordon J\:f'rr. 


New Hruns"ick Association of Registered !'\urscs 
\. J. :'olac:\laster, :'oloncton Hospi- 
tal, Moncton; First '"ic'e-President, :\Iiss l\Iarj!;aret 
\Iurdoch; Second \"i('e-President, :\liss :\1vrtle E. 
Kay; Honorary :-:ecretary, Hev. f;istC'r Kenny; 
:\Iembers: :'oliss Florem'e Coleman, \1 iss H. 
. Dyke- 
man, :\trs. A. G. Woodc'ol'k, Miss Elsie :\1. Tullol'h; 
ronveners: Public lIealtlt Section. :\lisH .-\da .\. Burns; 
Private Duty Section, :\1 iss l\label :\1 c.:\l ulli n; N ursin" 
Education See/ion. 
ister Kerr; Committt'e ConvenPrs: 
The Canadian Nllrse, :\Iiss Kathleen Lawson; Consti- 
tution and By-Laws. :\Iiss 
. E. Brophy; Sec.retary- 
Treasurer-Re!!:istTar, :\Iiss .\'1aude E. Hptallic'k, 
('harlotte St. West, :-'aint John, N.H. 


istercd Nurses Association of ;\Iova S(.'otla 
Prel"idellt, \Iis!' ,\lIne ::5lattery, Wimbor; First \ï(.C'- 
PI'C'sidf'nt, :\Iiss \ïetoria Winslo\\, Ilalifa...; Se('ollli 
\ ic'e-Pref'ident, :\Iiss :\larion Boa, Xe\\ GIR!'R:ow' 
Third \ï('e-President, :-iister .\nna Seton, Halifa"l.; 
Hf'('ordinv: I"er-retary, :\Irs. Donald Gillis, I
a \ PrllOIl 
:-'t., Halifax; TreasurC'r and Hep;i"trar, \1 is!' I. F. 
Fr:o!,pr, 10 Eastprn TrII!'t nJdJ!"., Iblifa.... 

urses Association of Ontario 
(Incorporated 1915) 
President, .\Iiss :\Iarjorie Buck Norfolk General 
Hospital, Simcoe: First \"il'e-President, :\liss Dorothy 
l;erl';Y, Room.
21 Jac'kson Hid!!:., Ottawa; Se{'(md 'ïc'e- 
) resl
lIss ("ons!ance Brewster, General Hospital, 
Hanulton; f;ecretary- rreasurer, :\liss :\Iatilda E. Fitz- 
80 Jane 
t.. Toronto; Chairman Nurse Educa- 
tion .
ectioll, :\Iiss S. :\Iargaret .Jamieson: Peel 
al, Bramptun; Chairman, Private Dllty Section, 
:\lIss ( lara Brown, 2
 I\:endal A "e. Toronto' ('hairman 
Public Health Spctioll, :\Irs. ,\/l:nes Í-Iay/!:arth: Provineiai 
Department of Health, Parliament BldJ!"s. Toronto" 
District No. I:' Chairman, :\Iiss Mildred \\ aiker, Insti
tu!e of .Pubhl' Health, london; Hecretary-Treasurer, 
:\llss :\llldred ('hambers, Institute of Public Health 
London; Districts;! and iJ: Chairman, :\liss .\. E. Binge.: 
man, Freeport 
anatorium, I\:itchener' :'el'retarv- 
Treasurer, :\liRS Edith .Jones, 25
 Grenwic.h St., Bralit- 
ford; District No.4: ('hairman, :\Iiss ('onstanee Rre\\- 
ster, General Hospital, Hamilton; :-'ecretary-Treasurer, 
\Irs. Eva Barlow, 211 Stinson 
t., Hamilton' Di.
Ny. :'i: Chairman, :\tiss Dorothy :\lickleborOl;gh, Pro- 
VlncJaI Dept. of Health, ParJiampnt Bld/l:s.. Toronto; 

tary- Treas
. .\liss Isahelle Park, 1:-148 ). on!!:e 
::-t., foronto; Dlstnct No.6: Chairman, :\Iiss Helen :\1 
;\nderson, 7
!I \\ atf'r St., Ppterb. roul!"h; Sel'retary- 
freasurer, :\lls!' l?or!Jthy :\lac'Brien, 
ieholls Hospital, 
Peterhoroup;h; DI.
tnct No.7: Chairman, :\Ii!\s Louise 
D. Acton, General Hospital, KinR:stoll' :,ec'retarv- 
\ il.son, Ge
l Hospihil, 
1"l.IIlR:ston; DI..trzct No.8: (halrman, :\II!'S :\1. Rlanl'hf' 
derson, Ottawa Civil' Hospital, Ottawa; 
,\lI!'s A. G. 
anner, Ottawa CivÎC' Hospital, Otta\\a; 
s :\Iary .-\eland, Strathl'ona H"spital, 
Otta\\a; Dt..tnct No. .f): ('hairman, :\Ii!'s Katherinp 

.IIIC' Kf'nzif', 1
\ ve. \\'., North BHV; :-:e('retary- 
I rpa!'lIrer, :\11!'s Hobena Buchanan. 197 First .\\e. E.. 
Kurth Bay; [)i,
\TO. In: (,hairman :\liss \'era 
I.ovelaep. :J Wilp)' Rd., Port ,-\rthur; :-'ee
etary- TreaR- 
IIrer, :\1i8S Ethel :-'te\\ard!'on, \1('Keliar 'General 
Hospital, Fort William. 

o. R Re
istpred :'\,urses Association 
of Ontario 
Chairman, :\liss :\1. B. .\ IIderson; \ïce-Chairmall, 
:\Iiss J. I.. ('hurl'h; 
el'retary, :\Ii!'s .\. G. Tanner, 
Ottawa ('ivic Hospital; Treasurer, :\Iif's :\1. E. .-\dand: 
Counc'illorf', I\Iisse8 G. ('larke, ,-\. Ehl-s, :\1. Graham, 
E. ('. :\Idlraith, ('. C. :'olurray, :\1. 
linn; ('oJll'enprl! 
of Committees: :'olembership, :\liss G. Clarke; Publica- 
tion!', :\Iiss E. C. Mdlraith: Nur.
inf) Education, :\Iiss 
C. r. :\lurray; Prillntp Duty, :\Iif's ,J. L. ('hun'h; Pltblic 
lIenlth, :\li!'R H. ()'\Ieara. 

District :\"0. 10 R,-,
istered ;\urses .\ssodation 
of Ontario 
President, Miss \'. Lovelal'e. Vic.e-President, Miss:\1- 
Hamilton; Secretary Treasurer, Mi!'!\ E. Stewardson, 
'lc'Keliar General HOf'pital, Fort William: Coun(.illor:;: 
'Iiss ,Jane HOJ!"arth, 
Iiss :\1. Wallal'e, :\Iiss ('. Lemon, 
;\Iiss C. Chivers \\ïlf'on, \IiI's Flanni/l:an, \liAS Irpnp 


Prince Fd\\ard Island Re
Presidellt, :\Iiss I.illian Pid/l:eon, Princp ('0. lIof'pital, 

ulllrnerside; ''ice-Pref'ident, :'oliss :\1. Kin!!:, Charlotte- 
town Hospital: Sec'retary, :\Iil"s :\1. ('ampbpll, 8 Grafton 

t., ('harlottpto\\ II; Treaf'urer and He/!:istrar, :\lisf' 
Edna Green, :!!}7 1 
 Queen :-'t., Charlotteto\\ n; Nuri/ill" 
Rdllmticm, :\liss :\1. I.aver!', Prill('e ('0. IIlJspital. 

u'IIIIIPrsidp; Public Ilpa!t1I, :'olisf' I. Gillan, !}!I Grafton 
:-'t Charlottf'to\\ n: PrÙ'atp [Jutll, :\Iif'!\ :\1. Gamble, 51 
.\rnbrc'f'e :-:t., ('lmrlottf'to\\lI; Hppref'elltative to Th,. 
('alladia1l Nur..p, :\Ii!':; .\nllll \lair, P.E.r. lIof'pitnl, 
('Imrlottf'tll\\ II. 



Association of R
lstered l'\urses of the Province 
of Quebec Incorporated 1920 
-\dvisory Board: 
label F. 
Hersey, C. :\1. Watling, Rév. :\Ière :\1. \". Allaire, Rh. 
Soeur :-:te. hidora; President, 
fiss C. \". Barrett, 
Royal \'ictoria :\fontreal "Iaternity; \'ice- 
President (En//:lish), 
Iiss :\1. L. :\foag, \'ictonan Order 
of :'Ilurses. 1246 Bishop ::;t., :\Iontreal; Vice-President 
(French), Rév. ::;ueur Allard, Hótel-Dieu de ::;t, Joseph, 
:\llIntreal; Hon. Seeretary, :\Iiss Esther Beith, Child 
\VeUare .\ssociation, Forum Bldg., :\Iontreal; Hon. 
Treasurer, :\lis'3 
1. E. 
ash, \'ictorian Order of Xursel', 
1246 Bishop St., :\Iontreal. Other :\Iembers: 
:\Iabel K. Holt, The 
lontreal General lIo8pltal, 
:\Iademoiselle Edna Lynch, 1'õursing Supervisor, :\Ietro- 
politan Life Insurance Co., :\lontreal, Ri.v. 
.Jean de rEucharistie, Hópital 
otre Dame, :\lontreal, 
\Iiss :\Iarion Lindeburgh, 
chool for Graduate :'Ilurses, 
:\lcGill University, :\Iontreal, :\Iademoiselle .-\lexina 
:\Iarchessault, Ecole d'Hy//:iène Social Appliquée. 
Université de :\lontreal. CtJ/lrpnprs uf Sectio/l8: Primte 
D"ty, (English), :\Iiss C. M. WatlinlZ, 1230 
:\lontreal; PriMte Duty (Frem.h), :\lademOlselle .-\hce 
L('pine, Hôpit:).\ 
otre Dame, :\Iontreal; .Vur8Ïng Edll- 
cltioll (English), :\li8S :\Iartha Batson, The :\Iontreal 
Ceneral Hospital, :\Iontreal; Nursing Education 
(French), Rév. Soeur Augustine, Hôpital St. .Tean-de- 
Diell. Gamelin. Que; Public /lealth, !\Ii
'! .Christine 
Dn\\ling, \'i('torian Ordpr of 
urses, 124ß BIshop 

:\lontreal; Hoard of Examiners, :\li8s Olga \'. Lill} 
(Cunvener), Royal \ ictoria :\Iontr<<-al 
Iaternity Hos- 
pital, :\lil.'s Marion Lindeburp;h, 
('hlJol for Graduate 

urBes, McGill University, Montreal; Mi!!s Katherine 
:\Iac:'ll. MacLennan, _-\lexandra Hospital, :\lontreal; 
:\lelle. Edna Lynch, 4642 rue ::it. Denis St., :\lontreal; 
:\lplle. Laura Senecal, Hópital Kotre Dame, 

lel1e. A. :\Ian'hessault, 3256 avenue Lacombe, :\lont- 
real; Executive :-:ecretary, Registrar and Official :,chool 
Iiss E. Frances Lpton. Room 221, I:Ul6 
f'atherine :-:t. W., :\lontreal. 


askatche\\an Re
lstered :-.. urses :\shoclat Ion 
(Incorporated :\-1 arch. 1917) 
President, Miss Edith Amaf.. City Hm'pital. :'asl..a- 
toon; First \ïce-President, Mif's Huby :\1. 
Department of Public Hpalth, I{ep;ina; 
econd \ï('e- 
President, Miss Helen 13. Smith, General Hospital. 
Hegina; CoulI(.illors. :\Iiss Jean !\lcDonald, 1122 Rae 

t., Rep;ina, :\fi8S Elizabeth Smith, 
ormal School, 
:\Ioose .Taw; Conrener8 of Standing Committee8: Nurnnu 
BdlLCfltion. :\fiss Gertrude :\1. \\ atson. City Hospital, 

askatoon; Public Health, :\Irs. E. :\1. Feeney, Depart- 
ment of Public Health, Hegina; PriMte Duty, 
Ii!<s :\1. 
H. Chisholm. R05-7th .-\ve. N., Saskatoon; I ep;islation, 
:\Iiss R. 
1. :,impson, Regina; Secretary-Treasurer and 
Rep;istrar, :\li8S :\Iarp;arpt RO!<l!, 4!'i -\nlZus f'rpsf'f'nt, 

Associations of Graduate Nurses 


ary Association of Graduate l'ourses 
Hnn. President, Dr. H. .-\. Gibson; President, .Miss 
P. Gil
ert; First \ïce-President, :\liss K. Lynn; Second 
\ ice-President, :\fi'8s F. Shaw; Recording and ActinlZ 
Correspondinp; Secretary, :\lrs. F. \". Kennedy, l:i07 
First ::;t. \\".; Treasurer, 
liss :\1. Watt. 

Edmonton Association of Graduate l'ò"urses 
President, :\Iiss Ida Johnson; First ''ice-President, 
:\liss Turner; 
econd \ïce-PreRident, :\liss O'Brien; 
Re('ording and Corres;:>( nlinJi; 
ecret!\ry, :\Iiss \ïnlet 
Chapman. Royal Alexandra Hospital. Fdmonton; 
Treasurer. :\liss Gavin; Rep;istrar, :\1iss :'proule. 111:iR 
Whyte .-\ ve., Edmonton. 

:\-ledlclne Hat Graduate :'I.urses Association 
President, :\lrs. J. h.eohane; First \ïce-President, 
\lrs. M. Tobin; Second \ïce-Prpsident, 
1. Gil- 
christ; Secretary, :\lis8 .-\. :\lcLeod, 2 Diana Court; 
Treasurer, :\Iiss F. Smith: Committee ('onvener8: 
\lelllbership, :\Iiss .-\. Allan; Flower, :\Irs. W. Fral\er; 
Prirate Duty Section, :\lrs. Chas. Pickerin//:; Correspon- 
dent, The ranadian Vur.
e. :\liss:\1 lIap;erman. 


['I;elson Graduate :-"urses Association 
lion. President, :\li8S V. 13. Eidt, .-\ctinp; SlIpf'rinten- 
dent, Koot('nay Lake General Hospital; President 
:\li8S K. Gordon; First \ïce-President, :\Iiss :\1. :\lad- 
econd \ïce-President, :\liss
. .-\rchibald; Seere- 
ta.ry-Treasurer, :\li8S Edna Fraser, Box 1105, 

Vancouver l.raduate 
urse8 Association 
President, :\Irs. \\"e'ltrnan, ROO Cassair :-:t.. \'am'ou\'cr; 
First \'iee-President, :\li'18 .Jane JollII!!tone. Ste\ f'ston, 
B.C.; SeNllld \ïce-Pre"idNlt. :\li,,!! E. Bf'rry, St. Paul'" 
lIut\pital; Spl'ff'lary, :\Ii!'s F. Walker, \"am'ou\er Gen- 
f'ral Hnspital: Treasurer, :\Ii!l"l L. Archibald, 5:36 WCl'1 
12th '\ ve.; ('ouncil. :\lis..e.. l
. :'anderson, Kilburn, G. 
:\1. Fairley. \vismpr and :\1. F. Gray. Final\('e, :\lif'8 
Teulon, laRo') \\esl 11th \ve.; Dire('tory. :\liSl'l h 
:\lother\\pll. 1!147 \\ e"t 10th .-\ve.; Social, !\liAS \. J. 
\111.(,1 eod, Van('nuvpr Gpnf'rnl lIo"pital; Prol/:rammp, 
\Ii'l" n f)onuld"on. 
I. 1',1111'11 lIo"pital; Sick Visiting, 

:\111:'s C. Cookpr. \'ancouver General H'lspital; :\Iem- 
bership, :\lrs. Rlankenbaeh. 1816 \\ el:'t 36th .-\ v<<-.; 
Local Couneil of WOIllf'!}, :\Iisses Duffield and Gray; 
Press, :\lrs. E. Rimms, \'ancouver General Hospital. 
Victoria Graduate 
urses -\ssociation 
Hon. Presidents, :\Iiss L. :\Iit('hell, Sister Ruperi. r 
T.udovic; President, :\Iiss E. .J. Herbert; First \ïce- 
President, :\Iiss :\1. :\Iirfield; 
econd \ïce-Presi- 
lrs. Kirkness; ::;('cretary, :\li8S I. Helgesen; 
Treasurer, :\Iiss \\". Cooke; Hep;lstrar, :\Iiss E. Franks. 
lO:i5 Fairfield Road, \ïctoria; Exe('utive Committee, 
:\Irs. E. B. Strachan, 
li8S E. :\1r.Donald, :\Iis,. C 
Kenny, :\lisR E. Camf'ron, :\Iiss D. Frampton. 


Brandon Graduate :"I/urses Association 
HOIl. President, :\liss E. Birtles: Hon. \ïce-Prpsidenl. 
\lrs. W. Rhillingla\\; President, :\lil.'s E. G. :\leNall); 
First \ïce-President, :\lil.'8 Janet Anderson; Second 
\ïce-President, :\lrs. Lula Fleteher; :'ecretary. 
JeMie :\funro, 243 12th St.: Treasurer, Mrs. :\1. Ion!!:; 
('onl1ener8 of Committees: 
ocial and Proj!"ralllme. :\lrs. 
Eldon Hannah; Sick and \ïsitinp;. :\lrs. Heme Fif'her; 
Welfare, !\Iiss Gertrude Hall; Prells Reporter, :\lisll 
Helen :\lorrison; Cook Rook, :\Irf'. .J. :\1. Kains' 
Hel!:istrar, :\lif'!I C. :\1. :\lacleod. ' 

Or-;-T ARID 

Graduate !'\unies Alurnnac, \\dlanll 
lion. President, :\li8S E. 
mith, SlIperintndNlt. 
Wf'lland Gpneral lIospital; lion. \ïee-PrPflident, :\Ii..; 
:\1. lIall, Weiland General 1I0l.'pital; Prellidpllt, :\lIs/l 
aylor; Vice-President. :\Iiss B. 
I\unders; Sp('retar), 
:\Iiss :\1. Rinker, 28 Division St.; Treaf'urf'r, :\liss H- 
Eller; Executive, :\li!<l!es :\1. PPddie. \1. Tufts, B. 
Clothier and :\Irs. P. Brasford. 


(;ralluatl. 1\ urs("s Association or t Iw Fast("rn 
11011. President. :\li'18 \. BeluU'; Pre"l"I('lIt. :\Iif'!! F. 
Bt'an; \ i('e-Presidpllt, :\Iifltl G. D\\uill(>; ('orrptlpolldillj( 
:-:e<'rf'lary, :\li"" F. \\'ardl,,\\()rtll; Hee'ordllll( :-:f'('retan. 
:\lil's lIarvey; Trf'asurer, :\Ii"" :\larlZ
lret H()binÌ<- 
Representativp tn The Ctllwdiall .\ "rll", :\1 il!ll ('. Horn; 
ny, Rox 324, 
"erbrookf', Hf'prf"<('"ll1ti\". Prill.t.. nufll 
St'rtiun, \Ii!!" F :\Iorri!!sf'tt(. 






\1ontreal Graduate Nurses Association 
Hon. President, :\Jiss L. C. Phillips; President, 
Chrilltine Watling, 1230 Bishop St.; First \ïce-Presi- 
dent, Miss G. Allison; Second \Ïce-President, :\Irs. .-\. 
ecretary- Treasurer and Ni/!:ht Rel[istrar, 
:\liss Ethel Clark, 12:30 Bishop St.; Day Registrar, 
:\liss Kathleen Bliss; Relief Registrar. :VIi
s H. :\1. 
:O;utherland; Convener Griffinto\\n Club, Miss G. 
Colley. Regular Meetinll:, Second Tuesday of January, 
first Tuesday of -\pril, October and Decembpr. 

loose Jaw Graduate Nurses Association 
Hon. President, Mrs. M. Young; President, 
R. Last; First \ïce-President, l\liB8 C. I\:ier; Second 
\ïce-President, Mrs. \Y. Metcalfe; Secretary-Treasurer, 
:\liss J. Moir, General Hospital, Moose Ja\\; ('onveneT8 
of Committees: Nursing Education, Mrs. 1\1. Young. 

r. :\lary Raphael, Miss E. Jensen; Primte Duty, :\Iiss 
E. Wallace, Miss E. Farquhar, Miss T. Reynolds, Miss 
J. Casey; Public Health. Registrar, Miss C. Kier; Pro- 

ramme, Miss G. Taylor; Sick \ïsitinl/:, Miss L. Trench; 
ial, MiB8 1\1. Armstrong; Constitution and By-Laws, 
:\'l1ss E. Lamond; Representative to The Canadian 
Nur8e, Miss M. Gan; Press Representative, Mrs. J. 

Alumnae Associations 


A.A., Holy Cross Hospital, Cal
President, :\lrs. L. de Satge; \ïce-President, Miss 
,-\. Willison; Recording Secretary, Miss E. Thom; 
Corresponding Secretary, Miss P. N. Gilbert; Trea- 
surer, Miss R. Craig; Honorary :\lembers. Rev. Roeur 

t. Jean de I'Eucharistie, :\liss :\1. Rro\\ n. 

A.A., Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton 
Hon. President, Miss F. l\lunroe; President, :\1rs. 

cott Hamilton; First Vice-President, Miss V. Chap- 
lIlan; Second \ïce-President, :\Irs. C. Chinneck; 
eeretary, :\liss G. Allyn; Correspondiul!; 
Sec'retary, Mi
s A. Oliver, Royal Ale"'l[andra Ho!!pital. 

A.A. University of \Iberta Hospital, Edmonton 
Hon. President, 
li!;s E. FeJJ\\ick; President, :\Iiss 

1. Reed; First Vice-President, Miss L. Gourlay; 
Second Vice-President, :\Iiss B. Fane; Recordin
tary, :\tiss A. Revell: Corresponding Secretary, :\1iss 
D. Du.xbury, University Hospital; Treasurer, Miss :\1. 
Rowles, Univerllity Hospital; E"\ecutive, :\Iis!'es :\1. 
Gordon, I. R08s, A. Raker. 

A.A., Lamont Public Hospital 
}fon. President. Miss F. E. \Velsh; President, :\1rs. 
H. I. Love; \ïce-President. Miss O. Scheie; Secretary- 
frea8urer, l\Irs. C. Craig, Namao; Correspondinl!; 
-':ecretary, :\li!\s F. E. Reid. l009-20th Avenue, W., 
ral!mry; Convener, Social Committee, :\Irs. R. :-,hears. 


A.A., St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver 
Hun. President, Hev. Sister Superior; Hon. \ïce- 
President, Sister Therese Amable; President, l\1iss 13. 
Geddes; Vice-President, !\liss R. McKernan; Recretarv, 
:\liss F. Trpavor, Assistant Secretary, :\Iiss V. Dye-r; 
Treasurer, :\liss B. :\luir; Executi\ e, :\Iisses :\1. :\Ic'- 
Donald, E. Berry, I. Clark, Y. Pear!'e, B. Chrif<tif', 
B. '1('Gillivary, h. :\h.Donald. 

A.A., Vancouvcr Gencral Hospital 
President, :\lis
 :\1. Lunan; Fm<t \ïce-Presidellt, 
\Irs. C. H. C Bell; Sec'ond \ïc'e-President, Mrs. K. 
; Sf'eretary, Miss I. Collier; Correspondinl!; :--ecrp- 
tary, Miss K. Heaney, Vancouver General Huspital; 
('ummittee Con-oen"T.
: Pro
ramme, l\liss ,-\. CmU. 
\Iemhership, Miss \'. Peters; Sipk Benefit., ;\1r8. :\Iait- 
land; Rpfreshments, :\Iiss J. Hunter; Pre
s, :\Irs. G. E. 
nilliei!; Tre!lsurpr and Bond", Mi
s Gparv, 3176 \\ p
:!lId Ave.; Repre!'entative, V.G.N.A., \Ii
" Hhoc!ps. 

A.A., Jubilee Hospital, Victoria 
Ilon. President, :\Iiss L. Mitchell; President, :\Iiss 
.Jf'ßn Moore; First \ïpp-President, .:\lrs. Yor)"e; 
\ïce-President, .:\Iiss .J. Grant; Secretary, :\Irs. :\.. 
J>o\\ell, 30 HO\\e 
t.; Assistant 
ecrlltary, Miss ,J. 

tewart; Treasurer, I\liss C. Todd; Entertainment CUIII- 
mittf'e, :\Iiss I. GU\\ard; Sick Nurse, Miss E. 

A.A., Children's Hospital, Winnipe
Hun. President, Miss 1\1. B. Allan; Presidmt, ;\li8s 
Catherine Day; First \ïcp-Pre!\ident, Miss Elsie 
Fraser; Secretary, Miss \V. 1\1. Barratt, Children's 
Hospital; Treasurer, :\liss :\1. D. Hu
hes; Sick Yisitiu/!:. 
Miss Edith Jarrett; Entertainment, :\Irs. Geo. \\ ilson. 
A.A., St. Boniface Hospital, St. Boniface 
lion. President, Rev. Sr. Krause; President, Miss Ii. 
:\lcCallum, 181 Enfield Cr., Norwood; First Vice- 
President, 'liss H. 
tephen, 15 Ruth Apts., :\laryland 

t., Winnipeg; Second ''ice-President, Miss :\1. Madill, 

t. Boniface Hospital; Secretary, Miss J. Archibald, 
Shriner's Hospital. \Vinnipeg; Treasurer, Miss E. 
Shirley, 14 King Georl/:e Ct., Winnipeg; 
ocial Com- 
mittee, Miss E. Banks (COIl\'ener), 64 rross St.. 
Winnipe/!:, .:\Iiss J. \Villiamsun, Miss A. :'\elson; Si(.k 
\ïsitin/l: Committee, Miss T. Grem'iUe (Convener), 211 
Hill St., Nur\\ood; Miss K. Rowan, 
Iiss J. Greil!;; 
Press RepreBentativp, Miss B. Altman, 420 Cullege 
.-\ ve., Winnipeg; Hepresentatives to Local Cuuncil of 
Women, :\liss B. Altman (Convener), :\Ii!'
 B. Chandlpr, 
Mif<!' :\1. 

A.A., Winnipe
 General Hospital 
Hun. President, l\1rs. A. W. Moody, 97 Ash :-:t.; 
President, Miss E. Parker, Suite. 24, Carlyle .-\pts., 580 
Broad\\ay; Firf<t 'ï('e-Pre
ident, Mrs. C. V. Combes, 
530 Dominion 
t.; Second \ïce-President, Miss J. :\le- 
Donald, Deer Lod/!:e Hospital; Third ''ice-President, 
:\Iiss E. Yussack, 867 l\Ial!:nus Ave.; Hecording 
tary, .:\fisB J. Landy, WinnipPI!: General Hospital; 
('orresponding Secretary, Millll :\1. Graham. \\ïnnipe/l: 
General Ho!\pital; Treasurer, !\Iif<s .:\1. C. :\h.Donald, 
Central Tuberculosis Clinic; :\lembership, :\liss I. 
Ramsay, Central Tuberculosis Clinic; 
ick \ isiting. 
'-liss J. :\Iorl!;an, 102 Rose Rt.; Entertainment, :\1rs. C. 
McMillan, Hertford Blvd., Tuxedo; Editor of Journal, 
Miss R. !\fonk, 134 "'estgate; Business :\Ianal!;er. !\Jiss 
E. Timliek, Winnipeg General Hospital; f:pecial COIl1- 
mittpe, 'li!'f< P. Bro\\nell, 215 Chestnut Rt. 


A.A., Saint John General Hospital 
Hon. Pre!<:dent. :\li"8 E. .J. :\litcheU; Prel'irlent, :\Irs. 
G. L Dunlop; First \ïl'e-Pre"ident, 'Ii".. Ethel Hen- 
dersun; F:?c(llld \ïce-Prf'sidf'nt, l\Irs. F. :\1(' Kf'h'ey; 

e('retary, :\lr!<. .T. Edl!;ar Beyea, 121 eniol1 
t.; Trpa- 
!'urer, :\Ii8s Kate Holt; E:'le('uti\'e COll1l11ittpe, :\Iis!' 
:\Iargaret :\Iurdol'
, :\Iis!' R. Reid, :\Irs. .J. H. Yau/l:hall. 

A.A., L. P. Fisher '\Icmorial Hospital, Woodstock 
Hun. Prpsident, l\fif<!I Elsie Tulloch; President, Mrs 
Harry DUJlhar; \ï"e-PresidPIlt. :\Ii!'f< Glady!' Hay\'ard; 
:--pc'retary-TrelJ.'ouTI'r, :\1 i!<f< I'ILlilille Palrllf'r; Board of 
Directors: :\li8!1 G. Ta",.., \Irs. H. 
uttOJl, \Irs. FlIltoll, 
:\Iiss 1\1. Samphier, :\lis8 :'Ii. \ Plless; ('OfILfIt'ttel' ('on- 
reners: Programme, :\Irs. P. ('ald\\ell, :\li!<8 E. Kerr. 
:\Iiss E. Dunhar, :\Ii!'s H. Hpllis; 
i('h \ïf<itinl!:, :\Iiss H. 
('ulllmilll!:S, :\liss D. Peahod
', :\Ii"s :\If-'rf<('rp:m; 
Erlitor, Mis.. :\1. 



A.A., Bclleville General Hospital 
Hon. Prp
ident, :\Ii
t! Florence .\Idndoo; I'resident, 
\Iiss Ueta Fitzgerald; \"ice-Pn.!'ident. :\lrs. J. -\ndrews; 

ecretary, :\Iiss L. :;mith; Treasurer, .\Iiss :\Iarion 
:\lacFarlane; Fl,mer Committee, Miss Betty :\IeEy,an; 
Hepresentative to The Canadian Nur8e, Miss H. 

A.A., Brantford General Hospital 
lion. President, .\Uss E. "1. "lcKee; President, "liss 
K. Charnley; \"ice-President, "Iiss G. Turnbull; 

ecretary. "Iiss F. J. Batty, 52 Charlotte :;t., Brant- 
ford; -\s!<istant-Secretary, .\'liss V. Bucky,ell; Treasurer, 
:\liss L. R. Gillespie, General Hospital; Social Convener, 
\lrs. F. Doherty; Floy,er Committee, Mrs. Phillips, 
:\liss W. Laird, Miss 1\1. .\1. Nichol; Gift Committee, 
:\Iiss J. Edmondson, Mrs. E. f'larid!o!;e; The Canadian 
Nur8e and Press Revresentative, Miss H. Diamond; 
('hairman. Private Duty Council, Miss P. Cole; 
Representative to Local Council of Women, "Iiss R. 

A.A., Brockville General Hospital 
lIon. President, "Uss .c\. L. ShanneUe; President, 
l\1rs. H. B. White; First \"ice-President, Miss 1\1. 
Arnold; Second Vice-President, Miss J. Nicholson; 
Third \ïce-President, "'Irs. W. B. Reynolds; Secretary, 

Iiss B. Beatrice Hamilton, Brockville General Hos- 
pital; Treasurer, .\lrs. H. F. Vandusen, 65 Church f:t.; 
Representative to The Canadian Nurse, .\Uss \'. 

A.A., Public General Hospital 
lion. President, 1\1iss P. Campbell; President, Miss 
B. Pardo; Vice-President, "Iiss K. Crack!e; Second 
Vice-President, "Iiss F. Houston; Recordinl!: Secretary, 
:\1iss E. Craig; Corresponding :;pcretary, "Iiss R. Will- 
more; ,\SRt. Secretary, "Iiss "I. Stacey; Treasurer, 
"Iiss B. Haley; Press f'orrespondent, :\Iiss R. Baker; 
Committee Conveners: Refreshment, "liss :\1. Wickett; 
BuyinJ!:, :\'lisses ,1. Finney, :\1. Mc
au!o!;hton and .\Ir". 
R. F. :\Iitchell; Floral, Mil's E. Orr: 
o('ial, :\lrs. T. 
Burke; f'ouncillors, Misses \ . Dyer, L. Baird, A. Head, 
E. Liberty; Hevresentative to Tht C'anadiun .Vur..e, 
:\Iiss P. Griffeth. 
A.A., St. Joseph's Hospital 
lion. Pre!'ident, :\lother :\Iary; Hon. \"i,'e-President, 
:,ister \1. Consolata; President, :\lis8 Ruth Winter; 
\ ice-President, "Iiss :\1. Kearns; I"peretary- Trea"urer, 
:\liRS J. Lundy, 112 \'an Allen Ave.; E'\ecutives, :\liRses 
II. Gray, I. Poissant, Z. :\Iartin, :\lrs. H. HodJ!:in; Hep- 
resentative District No. I, H.N.A.O., .\Iiss .Jessie Ross; 
Hepresentative to Till' C'anadian Nurse, Miss Y L 

A.A., Cornwall General Hospital 
lion. President, "Irs. J. Boldick; President, :\l1ss 
\lary Fleminl!;; Firat \"ice-President, Miss hathleen 
ec()nd Vice-President, Miss Bernice .\fcKillop; 

ecretary- Treasurer, 
1 iss C. Droppo, Curnwall General 
Hospital; Representative to The C'anadian Nursf', :\Ii"s 
II. ('. Wilson, Cornwall General Hospital. 

.\.A., (;alt Hospitaf 
11011. President, Miss -\. (,leaver; Presidellt, \lifl" 
:'. :\Iitehell; 
eeretary, :\liss L. :\Iar
air, 91 \"ictoria 
.\ve.; Assistant 
ecretary, :\Iiss T. Rainey; Treasurer, 
:\Iiss A. :\lacDonald; Floy,er Com,ener, I\liss Huther- 
ford; Representative to The C'anadian Nur8e and Press 
Representative, :\1iss :\1. Yandvke. 

A.A., Guelph General Hospital 
lion. President, \liss S. A. f'alllpbell, 
lIvt. Guelph 
General Ho"pital; Presiòpnt, Mi"t< C. S. ZeiJl:ler; First 
\"ice-Pre...ident, 'Ii!'", n. f amhprt: 
econd \ iee-l'reRi- 
(lent, :\1 i"s :\1. I )arh); :'ecretar
, :\f i",s 
. l(pnnpy; 
I'rpasurer, :\fiss .J. \Vatt!on; C'ommilt"e8: Floy,cr, :\fiR" 
peers, \f iss I. Wilson; 
o('ial. :\1 rs. ,I. ('ocky, ell 
(('om,ener): ProJl:ramllle, .\lisR E. :\1. Ehy (('oll\'pner); 
Heprp!,!plItnti'e to The Ca7ladmll VlIr,'I. :\li"R 'I:trion 

A.A., Hamilton General Hospital 
lion. President, Miss E. C. Rayside; President, .\lr!'l 
H. Hess; \"ice-President, Miss !\1. Bain; Recordinjl; 

ecretary, Miss .\1. Matheson; Corresponding SerrC'- 
tary, "Iiss H. Hauert, Hamilton General Hospital; 
Treasurer, :\Iiss J. JackRon, 326 .\Iain \\.; -\ssistallt 
rreaBurer, .\1iss G. Hodgson ; f:ecretar
 - Treasurer, 
:\Iutual Benefit Association, 
Iiss O. Watson, 14,,) 
Emerald S.; Committee Convener8: Executive, !\liss H. 
Aitken; Flo\\er, Miss A. Squires; Programme, !\Iiss 
.\1. Gosnell; Registry, Miss N. Thompson; BlIdl!:et, 
l\'Irs. 1\1. Barlow; Reprpsentative to The Ca7lad'an 
liRS A. Scheifele. 

\.A., St. Joseph's Hospital, Hamilton 
Hon. President, Mother "Iartina; l'reEident, :\liSR 
Eva Moran; \"ice-President, Miss F. Nicholson; Secre- 
tary, :\fis:< 
Iabel :\Iaclntosh, 168 Ray ðt.; Treasurer, 
:\Iiss :\1. Kelly; Hepresentative to The Calladwn Nur8e. 
Miss B. :\Ie Kenna, '277 Herkimer St.; Represpntative 
R.N. <\.0., "Iiss J. 

A.A., Hotel Dieu, Kin
Hon. President, Rev. Sister Donovan; Pre"ident, 
.\lrs. W. G. Elder; \Ïce-President. :\'Irs. .\. Hearn; 
Secretary, !\fiss Olive !\lcDermott; Treasurer, I\liflR 
Genevieve Pelow; Executive, Mrs. L. Cochrane, 
"Iisses K. .\fcGarry, :\1. Cadden, J. O'Keefe; Yisitinl!: 
Committee, Misses X. Speagle, I,. Sullivan, L. I.a 
Rocque; Entertainment Committpe, :\lrs. R. W. 
Clarke, .\Iisses 
. Hickey, B. Wat!'on. 
A..\., .dn
ston General Hospital 
Hon. President, "fiss Lousie D. Acton; President, 
Miss Ann Baillie; First Vice-President, "1iss Carrie 
:\Iilton; Second Yice-President, Miss Olivia 1\1. Wilson, 
Third Vice-President, Miss A. Walsh; Secretary, .\'li
-\nna Davis, 464 Frontenac St.; Treasurer. .\lrs. C. W. 
"lallory, 203 Albert St.; Cot!tJener: Flower Committee, 
Mrs. Sidney Smith. 151 Alfred St.; Press Representa- 
tive, Miss Mary Wheeler, Kingston General Hospital; 
PrÙ'ate Duty Section. Miss Constance Sandy, ith, 2
-\lfreò Street. 

A.A., hitchencr and Waterloo Gencral Hospital 
Hon. President, :\liss 1-1... \\". :,cott; President, :\lrs. 
Walter Zie!o!;ler; First \"iee-PreRident, 
Iiss Thelma 

el'ond \"i('e-President, :\lis!'! Elsie Trouse; 

p"retary, 1\liss .Jean :-'indair. 144 \,"ater St. 
.; \!'!!'!iR- 
tant Seeretary, :\fiss :\Iarion ßallantyne; TreaR\.r('r. 
" :\lary Orr. 

A.A., Ross Memorial Hospital 
lion. President, :\fiss E. S. Reid; President, :\fiss I.. 
.J. Harding; First \"ice-President, Mrs. O. WallinJ!:; 
:;econd \"ice-President. Mrs. !\1. I. Thurston; Corres- 
ponding Secretary, Mrs. J. S. Morriflon, 46 Colborne 

t. \V.; Treasurer, Mrs. G. H. Allen; Flo\\er Convener, 
:\fisfl D. \1. 
mith; Social ('omenpr, :\lisR h.. S. 

.\.A., Ontario Hospital 
lion. I'rpt-iclent, :\Iiss :\fary T. Jaeobfl; l're"idrnt. 
:\Iifl!< X. :\1. Williams, ;;.') I:Ò\\Rrd :,t.: FirRt \ï,'{'-Prp"i- 
elpnt, :\Irs. \', \1. Heilly; 
pe..nd \ i"c-l'rt't-iòpnt, :\fi"" 
F. R. Ball; :,eeretary, "Irs. F D. Gro"vpnor, 5:.? Doult..n 
,\ ve.; Treasurer, :\Iil's E. l\:ellllpd)', ()lItari.. H. ,...pital; 
!'c...ial ('ommittep, :\li
"'PR I. I ind"RY, I.. h..plly; Pn'
HC'prpspntative, I\Ii"" F. Burls. 

A.A., St. Joseph's Hospital 
lion. PreRidellt, :\Iother :\1. Patri('ia; Hon. \"i,'e- 
Pre!<iòellt, Si"tpr \1. Ruth; Prp"idpnt, :\fi!ls Oli\ e 
O'''ll'il; Fir..t '"i('e-l're..iòPllt. 'Iil'!I :\fadalp/lp Bal-pr; 
:""'01111 \ lI'e-l'rPRident, 'Ii"" Erlü B"awr; Rt'....nlill!o!; 
, \1 i"" (; Il\d
!I '1/\1 till: (' orn"s(lollllinl!: :-0. cre- 
IILn, :\11"" IrPIII' Griffpn: rn'ü"un'r 'Ii!lll Glad)" (:ray, 
l'rêss Th'presentlLti\ e, 'Ii".. Stplla (;i!o!;na": Hpl,rpl'pnts- 
tivpl' to RI'Jl:istr\' BORnl, :\Ii!l!<('!1 HhC's HOllall, ('('...:1.. 

Iall('ry, 011\ p O'N"ril. 



A.A., Victoria Hospital 
HIIII. I'rE''sidellt, :\Iiss Hilda 
tuart; HOIl. \ïl'e-Pret'i- 
dent, :\Irs. A. E. Silvery.oud; PreRident, I\liss 1\1. 1\1. 
Jones, 257 Riduut f;t. S.; First \"ice-President, :\Iiss II. 
Huston; ðecond \"ice-President, :\Iiss M. :\1l'Laughlin; 
Treasurer, Mis!! D. -\tkinson, 174 Langarth St.; Se('re- 
tary, :\Ii!!s F. Quil/:ley; Correspondinl/: Secretary, :\li!'R 
:\1. Smith, \ïcturia Hospital: Board of Dirp(.tors, :\lil'!!PS 
('. Gillies, A. :\Ialloch, J. ì\lortimer, 
1. Yule, C. 
SkillllPr, :\Ir!'. C. Rose. 

A.A., :\ia
ara Falls General Hospital 
Hun. President, :\Iiss :\1. 
. Park; President, :\Iiss .\. 
Irving; First \"icp-Preaidpnt. :\Iiss Y. Coutts; Second 
\"iee-Presidpnt, :\lrs. H. English; Spt"retary-Treasurer, 
:\Iiss F. .J. Loftus, 823 Ml'Rae St. CurrespondinJl: I'el'rp- 
tary, !\Iiss A. Pirir; Auditors, :\Iis!< Day, :\Irs. Sharpe; 
:-'iek Committee. :\Irs. Teal, :\Iiss Carson, :\Iiss Thorpp. 

A..\., Lord Duflerin Hospital 
Hun. President. :\lrs. O. Fleming; President, :\Iiss 
L. :\1. Sproule; First \"ice-President, Miss V. Lee; 
=-,econd Vice-President, Miss I. Allen; Curresponding 
retary. :\Iiss :\1. Bridgeman; Recording Secretary, 
:\l1ss E. :\1. Hayward; Treasurer, :\lisB A. Burke. 

A.A., Orillia Soldiers' Memorial Hospital 
Hon. President, Miss E. Johnston; President. :\li8s 
G. :\1. Went; First Vice-President, :\Iiss L. Whitton. 
Second Vice-President, :\'liss 1\1. Harvie; Secretarv
Treasurer, Miss Alice !\1. 
mith, 112 Peter t-:t. X. 
Rel/:ular Meeting-First Thursday of each month. 

A.A., Ushawa General Hospital 
H'II1. President. :\Iiss E. :\Iae\\"illiams. General H08- 
pital; President, :\Iiss .1. ì\lelntosh, 414 :\la880n St.' 
First \"ice-President, :\Iiss J. Thompson, 115 Agnes ::'t.: 
Secund Vice-President, :\Iiss H. Post, General Hospital; 
f;ecretary, :\Iiss :\1. Chappell, 259 Celina st.; Assifò\tant 
Secretary, :\1 iss :\1. Tribble, !II Connaught I't.; CorrE'f'. 
p"nding Se('retary, :\Iiss E. Clark, 97 -\thol St.; 
Trpasurer, :\Iiss E. Dickinson, 534 :\Iary 

A.A., Lady Stanley Institute (Incorporated 1918) 
Hon. Presidpnt, :\Iiss :\1. A. ('atton, Carleton Place. 
President, :\1 iI's ,1. Blyth, Civic Hospital; \"ice-President 
:\liss :\1. ì\lcXiece, Perley Home; Secretary, :\Irs. 
H. L. :\Iurton, 29 Clegg :-'t.; Treasurer, :\Iiss :\1. ('. 
Slinn, 204 Stanley Ave.; Board of Directors, :\lis8 E. 
:\lcCnll, :\Jiss S. :\lcQuade, :\liss L. Bedford, :\lrs. 
E. C. Elmitt; Representative to The Canadian Nurse 
\Iisl' A. Ebbs, 80 Hamilton .-\ ve.; Representative t
Central Re!!,istry, :\Iiss H. Pridmore, 90 Third Ave.; 
Press Representative, Miss E. Allen. 
A..\.. Ottawa Civic Hospital 
lion. President, :\Ii!'s Gertrude Bennett; President, 
:\Ii!!s Edna Osbornp: First \"ice-President, :\Iiss D( rottl"\' 
:\Ioxley; 1-'eeond \ïee-President, :\Iiss E. Curry; Hè- 
('ordinjl: Seeretary. :\Iiss :\Iary Lamb; CorrpspondinJl: 
s"eretary, :\Iif's Downey; Treasurpr, :\Ii!<s \\ïnnifred 
Gemmell; Ew('uti\'e Committee, :\Iiss :\Iulvaugh. :\Ii!'s 
r era Barry, :\Iil's Bertha Farmer, \liss D. Johnst"n 
:\Iiss 1>. I\:elly; Heprpsentativea to Central Rel!"istry' 
\liss I\:atie Clark, 
Iiss L. Boylp; Convener Flowp; 
Committee, :\Iiss G. FerJl:uson; Prpf's Repreaentati\'e 
:\Iiss E. Pepppr. ' 
A.A., Ottawa General Hospital 
lIun. President. l
e\". Sr. Flavie Onmitille; President 
:\Ii!'!s K. Bayley; First \ïee-President, :\Iiss G. Clark: 
:-:econd \'j('e-Presirlent, Miss :\1. :\Iunroe; Secrptary
Treasurer, :\Iiss Dorothy Kllo'l(. Ottay.a Genen&l Hos- 
pital; :\Iembership 
e('retMry, .\liss F. Poitras; :-,i('" 
Cummittee, :\liRS P. Hi!<s.mnette. :\li!<R S. Kearn!', 
B. Lpl!"ris; Hevrp!<pntativp to 1'1" ('nl/fLdiau Nltr.". 
:\Iif'R E. 1\:('I1I1('{ly; Hpprp!<t'lltati\"pl' to 1....1\1 COlllu..1 
..f \\omcn, \Ir!<. L.ltinlt'r. :\fr!<. Dnllnt' and :\Irl'. It, 
('lair; Hpprespntati\ f'1j t.. ('PJl
ral HpJ!iRtry, 
I i"" 
ROJ!en., :\Iif'R 
I r 8!ulrp\"iUe. 

A.A., St. Luke's Hospital 
lIun. President, l\1iss E. Maxwell; President, :\lisR 
1\1. l\1ac.Laren; \"ice-President, Miss 1\1. Lunan; Secre- 
tary, :\I1SB M. Nelson, 44 First Ave.; Treasurer, l\liss 
I. Alla.'.l' 1188 
e Ave.; Central Registry, ì\1Ïsses 
:\1. \\ IIsun. S. C'arnnchael; Nominating Committee 

. Clark, :-:. Carmichael., E. Younp;; RevreRenta
bve to The Cnnadwn Nur8e, :\11!!s :\1. Drummond. Civic 
A.A., Owen Sound General and \Iarlne Hospital 
Hon. President, :\lies B. Hall; Pref'ident :\Iiss F. 

P; Fir
t \'ice-P
esident, Miss :\1. Pato
; :,econd 
VIce-PresIdent. :\l1ss J. Ap;new; Secretary, :\Iiss .\. 
R51bertson, 473-12th 
t. W.; Treasurer, :\IiI's A. 
\\ eedon; Pi
nist, :\Iiss R. Dunoon; Flower Committee, 
Mrs: :\lc:\lllIan; Programme Committee, :\Iis!< 1\1. 
CrUIckshank; Sif'k Committee. :Miss :\'1. 
ill1' Press 
Representative, :\Iiss H. Walden; Refreshment COIU- 
mittee, :\liss C_ Penner; Auditor, !\Irs. Juhn!!ton. 

A.A., Nicholls Hospital 
lion. President, :\hs. E. 1\1. Leeson; President :\Ii
.-\. Dobbin; First Vice-President, Miss H. R
 Vice-President, Mis!! L. Simpson; Secretary'; 
:\l1ss S. Battersby, 406 Sheridan St.; Trea!!urer, I\'liss 
!-:. .W ood, 2.12 Barnardo Ave.; Corresponding Speretary; 
:\I1!<s E. \\al/:ar, 
t.; F:odal COII\'pnpr, :\liRS 
:\L Watson. 

A.A., Sarnla General IIospital 
Hnn. President, :\Iiss :\L Lee; President, :\Iiss L. 
rist; \'j
e-President, Miss A. Cation; Secretary, 
:\l1ss A. 
Ilverthorn; Treasurer, Miss A. Wilson, 
Hepresentative to The Canadian Nur8e. :\Iiss C. Med- 
croft; Flower Committee (Convener), :\Iiss D. Shay.' 
Programme and Social C'ommittee, Miss L. Sejl:rist. ' 

:\..\., Stratford General Hospital 
Hon. President, :\Iiss A. 1\1. :\Iunn; President, :\Iiss 
L. Atty.ood; Vice-President, :\liss :\1. :\lcMaster; 

etary-Treasurer, .:\Irs. K. Snidt'r, 36 Doup;las St.; 
JaI Convener, :\l1ss .\. Rock; Flower Convener; 
:\I1!<!! C. Staple... 

A.A., Mack Training School 
Hon. President, :\Iiss Anne Wright, General Hosvi- 
t8:l; Pr
:,ident, . :\Iiss 
old, General Hospital; 
FIrst . \ Ice-PresIdent, :\l1ss :\Iarl/:aret :\1 eClunie, 3!) 
Chaplin Ave.; Second \"ice-President. :\Iiss E\"elvn 
II orton, Louth St.; Secretary-Treasurer, :\Iiss .J. HHstie, 
General Hospital; Social Committee, :\Iiss Aileen 
Johnston, General Hospital, I\liss Donalda Veale, 3.') 
Academy St., :\Iiss Bernice Rule, 146 W ellHnd Ave.; 
Representati\"e to The Canadian Nur8e, :\liss Feather- 
stone, 17 Hainer I't.; Correspondent. :\1 iss Current; 
ProJl:ralllme Committee, :\Iiss Brubaker, 1 FitzgerHld St. 

:\.1\., :\lemorlal Huspltal 
Hon. President, :\Iiss Armstrong; Hnn. PrPf'idel1t, 
:\Iiss Bw'hanan; President, :\Iiss Bella :\Iitehpnu; 
First \"iee-Pref'ident, :\Iiss Annie Campbell; 
\"ice-President, :\Iiss Jervell; Reecrdinl/: !'p"retary; 
'IiI's Esseltine; Correspondinl/: Secretary. :\tis!< J anwnd, 
Treasurer, :\Ii.... ('Iaypole; E"\ecutives. :\lis8 :\Ie.-\Ipinp, 
:\1iss Irvine, :\Iiss 
una Mannix, :\liss Hazel Hastin
:\Iiss L. Crane; Committee Co nvenerll: NOIninatinjl:, 
:\fiss J. Grant; Sick Nursing, .Miss E. Lanyon; 
:\Iiss C'. Robert!'!(m; PurchasinJl:, :\li!'8 L. Ronson; Way!! 
and :\Ieans, :\Iiss Olive Paddon: Representative to 
The Canadinn Nurse, :\liBS Amy PrincE'; HepreRPntMth'e 
to thp HS.A.O., 'liss :\Iar