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Ottawa and New York 

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Entered according to Act of the Parliament of Canada, in the year of our Lord 
one thousand nine hundred aDd four, by Ål'i'SON A. GARD, in the Office 
of the Depal'tment of .Agriculture at Ottawa. 

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For centuries, Scotland has been looked to, to furnish to the 
rest of the world, men who can do--men who can lead in enter- 
prise. And never yet has the land of Burns failed, when called 
upon-in any line, in every line-to send the man of worth-the 
man of deeds. He comes, he sees, he conquers. Fail, is a word 
he never knew, and is too busy succeeding to stop long enough 
to learn. Mountains may needs be crossed or penetrated, and if 
of iron, turned into libraries and schools for the universe; hos- 
pitals built for suffering poor; torrents spanned or turned aside; 
oceans fathomed and made the medium for speech of Empire- 
'tis all the same to him. If once he set his hand to do, the work 
in hand is done. 
Bacon asked and answered, " vVhat makes a Nation great?" 
For centuries Canada had but one of the requisites-" A Fertile 
Soil." Scotland, without anyone of them-save in her stalwart 
sons-gave to Canada the other two. It was that bonnie land 
that gave to Canada the men who furnished "Easy Conveyance 
to !VI an and Goods, From Place to Place," and "Place to Place" 
might here be read, "Ocean to Ocean"-and with the second must 
come-has come, the third, for even now is heard the whirr of 
wheels in " Busy Workshops." Nor were her stalwart sons con- 
tent to bind together the farther shores of a great Continent, but 
must go on-went on, till now are bound in speech the Continents 
of the world. 
Of all the men from Scotia's rocky shores, no two, have been 
more to the land of their adoption, than have they to whom I so 
gladly dedicate this work, in praise of that land. N or need I 
speak their names, since they are known by deeds, and yet I fain 
would speak, that they themselves may know; and thus I wO:.1ld 
dedicate this work of pleasure, to two of " Nature's Gentlemen": 


From the Beaten Track. 

Introductory words t
 books have long followed a set rul
In publishing "The Hub and The Spokes," that rule will be 
broken possibly for the first time. In casting about for writers 
of this Introduction, the men who have so kindly responded and 
furnished that which follows, need, themselves, no introduction, 
since each in his line is too well known to require it. It is most 
heart pleasing to feel that such men should consent to write, and 
write so generously of an author, whose one great aim is to bring 
into more kindly relationship the two great peoples of the Ameri- 
can Continent. 

While to the author it is to a high degree gratifying, to have 
these words of kindness written, it is not the personal gratifica- 
tion so much as the pleasure it gives him to feel that his work in 
Canada has not been in vain, and that his hope may be realized, in 
seeing a lasting friendship grow up between the peoples he loves. 

Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal. 

It is pleasing to me to hear that you are continuing the good 
work in which you have occupied yourself for some years, of mak- 
ing the people of Canada and those of the United States bett
acquainted with each other, and of pointing out to them why they 
should be in every respect the best of friends, 
There is no reason in the world why Canada as a Dominio::1, 
in the closest relationship to the United Kingdom, and the Unit
States, a Republic, should not each, in its own way, go on "pros- 



pering and to prosper," and your efforts have certainly been most 
useful and valuable in this direction. 


London, Eng., Nov. 3rd, 1904. 
The foregoing from Canada's first citizen, is met in kind by 
one of the foremost Senators in the United States Senate. Each 
breathes a neighborly spirit toward the other's country, which 
shows the trend of the times. 







Senator Redfield Proctor. 

Proctor, Vermont, September 13, 1904. 
Canada is a great country. Our people south of that unfor- 
tunate boundary know too little about it, but we are learning morc 
and more of it and the more we learn the higher will be our ap- 
preciation of her wonderful resources and great natural advant- 
ages. Ever since my boyhood days, when I lived on the line of 
the Eastern Townships, I have made frequent trips to different 
parts of the Dominion. Every time I go within her borders I 
am so charmed with her beauty that the temptation is strong to 
break the commandment which forbids us to covet that which be- 
longs to our neighbor. 
I have found your former works most useful, and am sure 
"The Hub and The Spokes" will give a wide circle of readers 
much valuable information about Canada, and tend to strengthen 
the friendly relations which should and must be maintained Le- 
tween our people and hers. 
You should have the largest possible success in this praise- 
worthy undertaking of making better known a land so full of 
béauty, whose people are our brothers. 







Sir Sandford Fleming, U Father of The Pacific Cable." 
Few writers are doing more to make Canada known and 
Canadians appreciated in the outside world, than Mr. Anson A. 

I ntrod u ctiott. 


Gard. The books he has written have a peculiar flavor, they are 
never dull, It requires no effort to read them; the reader always 
feels that he is learning from one who has something to say in 
a pleasant way. The author is not a Canadian himself, he comes, 
with a fresh and open mind, and being a close observer, has lived 
long enough amongst us to take a just and kindly view 
of Canadians, their aims and aspirations. Mr. Gard 
seems to take a genuine delight in looking at the best 
and brightest side of the mass of information he has gathered 
from every source. The array of facts he presents to the reader 
is so intermingled with humor that one does not note the time 
spent in their perusal. 

On train to Peterboro, July 9th, 1904. 







Wm. Wilfrid Campbell, Poet, Author. 
I have read several of l\lr. Anson A. Gard's books, and I 
find in them a quality of human humor akin to that of the famous 
M ark Twain. 
By reason of his clever style of quaint description allied to 
kindly satire, and human insight, ,Mr. Gard is well equipped wIth 
th(' requisite ability, to write a readable and interesting volume 
about any community he may visit. I believe that his new book 
will be the best of its kind ever produced in this country. 
Ottawa, Nov. 15th, 1904. 







George M. Fairchild, jr., Poet, Author, Artist. 
With Mr. Anson A. Gard to think is to act, and 
to write, and as a result our literature has been en- 
riched by several books that have enjoyed wide circula- 
tion wherever the English language is read, for not 
only his fellow Yankees fell under the spell of the charm of his 
works, but Englishmen, Australians, New Zealanders and others. 
who enjoy a well told story. And this story of our Dominion be- 
comes fascinating under the magic of l\Ir. Gard's pen. He is 
possessed of that imagination which is so essential to the des- 



criptive writer. His style is lucid and forceful, while his sense of 
humor and of pathos is so delicate and well poised that the read- 
er's sense of proportion is never offended. One of the N ew York 
magazines said of his novel" My Friend Bil1." "It is as inter- 
esting as "David Harum" in droll humor, as pure in tone as 
Holmes' Breakfast Table Series, and as tender as the choicest 
parts of Charles Dickens writings. It is one of the best books of 
light fiction that we have ever read." He sees the human side 
of life through glasses undimmed with gall. Nothing escapes 
his notice that bears upon the kindlier side of human motive. lIe 
tellt, a story well from start to climax, often in a page, yet a vol- 
ume could not tell it better. Possibly his most effective work lies 
in his droll humor. He never resorts to overstrained effort that 
taxes the reader's credulity, yet this humor is so much a part of 
his work, so interwoven throughout it, that, as aNew York editor 
said, in commenting upon one of his Canadian books, " you are so 
entertained by his humor that you get his. cold facts without 
knowing it or growing tired reading them." 
" Sam Slick" (J udge Haliburton) drew the attention of the 
world to the lower Provinces. This later " Sam Slick" is point- 
ir.g out to the world the whole of Canada, her people, her magni- 
ficent resources, her beauty! Not one of his countless of thous- 
ands of readers but will exclaim: "Truly this Ohio Yankee has 
seen with eyes that comprehend." 

Quebec, Oct. 15 th , 19 0 4. 
* * * * * * 
George Johnson, LL.D., Dominion Statistician. 

I knew well, even intimately, the first, and in many respects 
the best of American humorists-the Nova Scotian, Judge Thos. 
C. Haliburton, author of the immortal" Sam Slick." 
/Ir. Gard 
reminds me of the Judge in many of his turns of thought and 
terms of expresion. 
If Haliburton was the" father of American humor,' as he has 
beer! named, Anson A. Gard may well be called "Sam Slick, j:-." 
The great Nova Scotian had a purpose in all his writings; 
his humor often covered a deep laid thought for his country's 
good and vast benefit resulted from his droll stories. That lVlr. 



Gard has a purpose in all he has written of Canada, no one who 
 followed "Rube and the Colonel" during their three years 
sojourn amongst us, can for a moment doubt. He came to our 
country and found an unknown land or as he says: 
" '1'0 myself unknown-a land so full of beauty and 
resources so vast, that I felt a desire to let my people and the 
world know of this great Northland." 
He knew that to tell of it in the ordinary matter of fact way of 
the matter of fact writers he would have his story read by the few 
and his object would fail of its purpose. Instead he has called 
into play the whole gamut (to borrow a music term). His 
pathos is that of a Dickens; his descriptive powers remind us of 
Guida; his accuracy of dates and figures would be a credit to a 
trained statistician; and running throughout his writings is that 
droll humor which will yet place his name amongst the famous 
humorists of his time. 
Kipling wrote" The Lady of the Snows" and all Canada, 
in one voice, cried out against him. I\1r. Gard is undoing ihe 
harm that poem and our Ice Palaces have done, by telling of the 
charms of our country. If we are consistent we will send his 
works to all parts of the reading world and thus prove our ap- 
preciation of what he is doing toward placing Canada in its true 

Ottawa, November loth, 1904. 
* * * * 



Henry J. M organ J LL.D' J Biograþher.. 
Mr. Anson A. Gard has read to me, from time to time, por- 
tions of his new work: "The Hub and The Spokes," which ;s 
designed to give a history of the Canadian Capital and its people, 
together with some account of the Ottawa Valley, with touches 
here and there of many other parts of the Dominion. 
Although numerous works, in this class of literature, have 
been published in the English language in Canada, I can recall 
but three of them which remain of permanent interest. These "lre 
Hawkins' "Picture of Quebec," published in 1834; Bosworth's 
"Hochelaga Depicta," published in 1839, of which a new edi- 
tiOli has recently appeared; and, last, and best of all, dear old Dr. 
Scadding's "Toronto of Old," published in 1873. All three 



were prepared with scrupulous care, and, besides, being models 
of literary excellence, are accurate and just in their statement of 
occurrences. To say that Mr. Gard's forthcoming publication will 
merit a place alongside these time honored classics is to pay its 
author the highest compliment that can be bestowed upon him. In- 
deed, I am not quite sure, but that, in some respects, the work 
of '" The Yankee in Canada" will surpass in value all preceding 
local histories issued within the Dominion. To achieve so ùis- 
tinguished a position as a literary man, is an accomplishment of 
which he may feel no little pride-especially so, because of his 
being almost a stranger in our midst, with no previous knowledge 
of the people and country he is describing. What has excited my 
chief surprise is the mass of interesting material he has succeeded 
in accumulating, in so short a time,-no amount of labor being 
considered too great for him to undertake in his quest for infor- 
mation. His book cannot fail of being of permanent interest and 
value, and such as no library, either great or small, should be 
without. Parkman, in his day, did a great work for Canada, as 
it existed under the" Old Regime;" lVlr. Gard in the new field of 
investigation which he has opened up, is following in the footsteps 
of his illustrious countryman, and merits a due share of public 
Ottawa, November 14, 1904. 







Benjamin SuZte, President of the Royal Society of Canada, 
In books of the nature of which Mr. Gard is writing, accuracy 
in history is hardly to be looked for in all instances, but I 1Ïnd 
a correctness in his statements historical, that shows a remarkable 
degree of research on his part, proving him to be a writer of many 
qualifications. He may not always give the results of his research 
in the staid language of the historian, but the facts, given in a style 
peculiarly his own, may be relied upon as accurate. 
Ottawa, November 1st, 1904. 


How Rube and the Colonel Saw Ottawa, 
the Beautiful Capital of the Dominion, 
the Washington of Canada. 


For several days after we reached Ottawa, I noticed the 
Colonel going about town like a horse with a " broken gait." I 
asked, "What's the matter, Colonel ? You go around with your 
ft::et in the air like a horse with the' halt '." 
" And little wonder, Rube, little wonder. For over a year 
I've been living in a city where one must stép high or stub one"s 
toes against the board sidewalks, or get into the mud, where there 
are no walks at all. Little wonder I step high, even here on 
Ottawa's smooth, well-kept walks. One cannot break the habit 
of a year in a day or two. But say, Rube, ain't these streets and 
walks delightful to see after what we've had?" 
II They certainly are; and, Colonel, of what does this bright, 
clean, well kept city remind you ?" 
"Washington City, shortly after Boss Shepherd 1?egan beauti- 
fying it." 
" Correct again, and the more I see of it, the more I wonder 
why our people have not found it out. A few of them have, but 
so few that I mean to impress upon them what they miss in com- 
ing to Canada and not seeing Ottawa and its delightful surround- 
" That's right, Rube, that's right. Why, just this morning I 
was looking over a hotel register, and out of seventy-four names, 
but four of them were from the States, and this, too, in the very 
centre of the tourist season, and with ParJiament sitting as a special 
II Parliament! Why, little they know of Parliament 1 
I'll tell you, Colonel, why our people don't know this city as they 
should. They have not been invited to come to visit it. You know 
how, that l\10ntreal and Quebec have given us a standing invita- 
tion, and in a thousand ways renew that invitation each year until 
we have gotten into such a habit of visiting those old towns, and 
thinking of them as all of Canada, that we forget the rest of this 
vast Dominion-forget that there are other places well worth a 
visit, and chief among those other places is the Capital itself. 


Ottaura, The Hub. 

" Now, while I have no right to send them an invitation, t 
mean to let them know the claims of Otté1wa, and what they are 
passing on the way to those two older towns. I will tell them oot 
only of the Hub, but of the Spokes. Spokes of natural unpolished 
beauty that emanate in all directions from this Hub. I will tell 
them, feeling confident that once they know of the beauties of the 
Ottawa Valley, that the wheels that next time bring them to 
Canada will turn toward Canada's Capital-for Canada's Capital 
is a charming city, and its people are delightful to know." 
The Colonel was right; Ottawa reminds one of Washington 
City. Its Potomac is the Ottawa River, a river, however, as wild 
and picturesque as the Potomac is dull and sluggish. Far above 
the very water's edge, on a high, rocky, tree-covered bluff, stands 
the Capitol Buildings-three in number-and from the tower of 
the main or Parliament House, one may behold a panorama more 
pleasing in natural beauty than may be seen from the great dome 
on our own Capitol. I And here is 
The Panormna. 
To the west, reaching beyond vision, is the island-dotted river, 
narrowing down from Lake Deschenes into a channel only a few 
hundred feet wide, where, at the very edge of the city, it rushes 
over the 

Chaudiere Palls, 
so wild in their swift rush that the waters are whirled into rapids 
that reach clear past the city to the east beyond. 
N ear the Falls, and using their power, are the great mills of 
J. R. Booth, in the city, and those of the E. B. Eddy Co., on the 
Hull side of the river, not to mention other great works. 
Looking across the river to the north, or Province of Quebec 
side, to the far-away Laurentian :l\lountains, we see in the fore- 
ground the fire-devasted city of Hull, with its 14,000 people. its 
churches, schools, mills, and fields of lumber (too large to call them 
,. yards"), and between Hull and the foothills, a grove-covered 
country extending far to the east that reminds one of the Valley of 
Beauport, across from the city of Quebec-a valley so beautiful 
I never tired looking over it. In the centre of this northern vi
is seen the Gatineau River, of whose wonders I shall tell you lat
reaching back past Chelsea, on its way to the mountains. Cross- 
ing the river, immediately below where we sit on the tower, is the 
Interprovincial Bridge--Dne of the largest cantilever bridges on 
the continent. Turning the eye toward the east, we see, just 
across the famous Rideau Canal, that skirts the eastern limits of 
the Capitol grounds, as it enters the river, a pretty little park 
called :rvlajor's Hill. It is one of those little spots of beauty which 
only the Park attendants fully enjoy. It is one of the" Don't 
Parks." The very air seems to bear a placard. " Don't breathe." 

Rube Gets Locked in the Tower. 


By way of a digression, I will say that the day is coming, is now 
here, in many cities, where ., Keep off the grass" is never seen- 
and parks are paid for by a city for the enjoyment of its citizens, 
rather than for the park attendants. 
To the east is the Rideau River, beyond which, at the limit of 
the city, is Rideau Hall, the home of the Governor General, and 
near by is the large Rockliffe Park, on the heights above the river. 
Far in the distance is seen again the Ottawa, which for a space has 
been hidden from view by the tree-covered hills. This eastern 
portion of the city is what was once called By town. For that 
matter, "By town" was Ottawa's name until 1855. ., Oh! no; 
you're wrong; it don't mean that at all. "By" was in honor of 
Colonel By, the builder of the Rideau Canal. I knew you thought 
I meant "by"--off to one side. Everbody who don't know thinks 
that is its derivation, but instead it was named for a man of great 
deeds, and the city was honored by the name." 
In this portion are the markets, many churches, hospitals, 
some beautiful residences, an.d far in the distance, the cemeteries. 
Follow with your eye the canal, and you will see it turn at an 
obtuse angle in the southern part of the city. 
A mile away, there to the south, you see it passing a large 
white buiding, with a high dome. There are the spacious grounds 
The Central Canada Exhibition, 
ot which I may tell ,} au later on, for it is worthy a chapter to itself. 
The panorama is completed with the 

Exþerimental Farm, 
there in the south-western distance. It, too, wiII require a chap- 
ter, as it is one of Ottawa's many attractions. This is but a hurried 
glance over a beautiful city. One might sit and analyse each part 
of the panorama, and not grow tired of the scene. And to the 
tourist there is no better way of getting a correct notion of Ottawa 
than this view from the tower. 
I trust, however, that you wiII not be so unfortunate on your 
visit to the tower as I was the day I went up those 208 steps. Will 
I tell you the experience? 

Rube gets Locked in the Tower by some Pretty School- 
M arms from Iowa. 
Well, you see, it was late one Saturday afternoon. I feared 
I might be locked up, and so left my card. on which I wrote : 
" Don't lock the door, I'm upstairs." Ah! that card was my un- 
doing, for shortly after I had gone up, Joe l\IcGuire came along 
with three school-marms from Iowa. The minute they saw that 
card ( Joe tells the story), all three, with one accord, said: ""VV e 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

have him at last! We will show him how to talk about us, and 
say we don't know anything about Canada, as he did in his Wan- 
deringYankee. Iowa school-marms don't know anything! Don't 
we?" And at that they locked the door, and bribed good-natured 
Joe to go back to No. 16 and leave me, until nearly dark, when his 
conscience came to my rescue and let me out. His only excuse was 
that" the dear girls were so pretty/' but I shall never forgive him 
for allowing an Iowa teacher to so neatly turn the key on me for 
my little pleasantry-but, " on the quiet," I now think far more of 
the Iowa school-marms than I did. They are a pretty fair lot of 
girls, after all I've said of them. 

Parliament Corner Stone Laid by the Prince of Wales. 
I forgave Joe, however, when he took me to see the corner 
stone of the Parliament Buildings. It is immediately beneath the 
Senate Chamber. We go down one flight of steps, turn to the 
left, and read on a marble slab: "This Corner Stone of the 
Building intended to receive the Legislature of Canada was laid 
by Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, on the first day of Septem- 
ber, 1860." 
Large Minds and Small Bodies. 
As we stood looking at it, Joe casually remarked: "I have 
never seen the Prince, but he must have had a very large elbow 
with him the day he laid that stone." 
" \Vhy do you think so, Joe?" 
" Well, if all of the old men to whom I have shown that stone 
stood ' next his elbow' when he laid it, as they say they did, he 
would have had to have an elbow of far-reaching dimensions for 
them all to have' stood next.' " 
" You may not look at it in the right light, Joe," said 1 ; 
"there are a lot of people who are always standing , next' who 
are so small that an army of them might occupy a very narrow 
space in their effort to touch elbows with the great." 
Apropos of the stone. The date is in Roman numerals, and 
some one has marked beneath them, in large figures, "1860." It 
i <; the only instance about the Building where one may feel like 
forgiving the "marker." 

Fools' Nmnes are like their Faces. 
I have never seen a part of a public building so vandalized as 
is the tower of this one. Even the iron structure has been ::ut 
into, while the wood is so full of fools' names that one cannot but 
wonder where they all grew. The very board sign: "Do not 
mark," is so full of names that one can scarcely read the sign. I 
have often wondered what sort of a moral (?) nature these vandals 
have anyhow, to want to mar beauty with their ugly names. They 

How to See Ottawa. 


must be of that species of men spoken of by Chesterfield, who boast 
of things of which they should be most heartily ashamed. 
From the stone Joe took me to see the " nether capitol," anù 
with the engineer pointed out how the air of the building is kept 
pure, and by means of miles of tubing how it is heated. The air 
is drawn through tunnels that reach out hundreds of feet to the 
"Lover's Walk," in the bluff near the river. It should be indeed 
pure, drawn from such a source (parenthetically, the Colonel asks 
which "source" I mean, the" walk" or the " bluff." You see 
how critical he is on my wording.) 
The engineer remarked that he did not furnish all the " hot" 
air of the capitol. I did not understand just what he meant, but 
smiled anyhow, as he looked as though he expected a " smile." 


Some cities may be seen to the best advantage by driving, but 
the wise head that designed Ottawa's car system made it possible 
to best reach all points of interest by means of the many lines of 
trolley cars, and it must have been the same head who chose the 
conductors, for a better informed or more courteous lot of men I 
have never found in any city. The conductor knows everything of 
interest, and no guide was ever more obliging in pointing it out to 
the tourist. The Colonel and I have often asked of him questions 
we could hardly have expected him to answer, but we have yet to 
ask one he could not answer, and, usually, most intelligently. This 
same comment might apply to Ottawa policemen. They are 
courteous, obliging, intelligent, and never give one the impression 
that they think they own the city. But for that matter, Ottawa is 
such a moral town that the police force has little else to do than to 
look after ci'l'il-ities, 

Parliament Buildings, 
Before starting to see the city in general, one naturally goes 
to Parliament Hill, on Wellington Street, one block north of 
Sparks Street, the main street of Ottawa. It is so near to all of 
the hotels that one can walk to it in a few minutes, from any of 
them. The Buildings are three in number. The Capitol sets Íar 
back, while the other two, the" Eastern" and" Western" depart- 
ments, are nearer Wellington Street, and equally distant from the 
Capitol, with a great lawn in front and between. They are built 
of Ottawa grey sandstone, and trimmed with Ohio stone of lighter 
color-which, to us Ohio men, adds much to their beauty. The 
architecture is Gothic, and beautiful in design; especially so 
Library, which is a part of the main building. The Eastern and 
Western blocks are used for the various departments of Govern- 
ment, and are admirably designed. 


Ottawa} The Hub. 

There are other departmental buildings in various parts of the 
city which we will see as we go about, as it will be confusing to 
speak of them here. 
As we can start at no place of more interest, we will begin 
with the trip to the 


We took a car on Sparks Street, marked" Britannia Park,"- 
the one marked" Somerset Street" would have taken us just as 
well. At Holland A venue, or Britannia Junction, we got a trans- 
fer, and stayed on the car, to which we changed, until it stopped, 
passing on the way Victoria Park, a pretty wooded grove where 
they sometimes have picnics. At the end of the line
 not far from 
the Park, the conductor points out a turnstile, across the road, and 
says, "Take that path leading through the field, and it will bring 
you to the office and other buildings of the Experimental Farm." 

The Path Through the Corn. 
We took the path. It led us through a field of growing corn, 
the first one I had been through since long years ago, when of an 
early morning, basket in hand, I followed over the path leading to 
the " Blackberry patch .. back by the woods. 11any the changes 
since then. The woods are gone, and corn must now be growing 
where stood the trees, everyone of which I can yet see in 
memory. In memory, too, are brought back, by this" path through 
the corn," many a one who, like the old trees, are gone, and few of 
us are left to take their places on the old farm--once home. \\That 
memories a common-place path can bring back! 

The Colonel and the Bees. 

We leave the corn on reaching a little farm wagon road, which 
runs alongside of growing crops-oats, peas, barley. To the right 
is an orchard, with fruit of many kinds. A cherry tree, laden and 
ripe, tempts the Colonel, but he resists the temptation, and we pass 
on, leaving untouched the luscious fruit. The Colonel is naturally 
honest, and his honesty is ever enhanced if a high barb-wire fence 
stands between him and the cherries. We soon leave the growing 
grain and orchard, and find ourselves in a beautiful park-like 
ground. with fine buildings scattered here and there along weU- 
kept roadways and smooth walks. \Ve pass by where John Fixter, 
the farm foreman, is hiving bees-two swarms into one. The 
Colonel, like myself, has memories, on seeing Fixter and the bees. 
He now has some more memories, and things on his mind, but they 
will go " down" in a day or two. 

Experimental Fan,.". 


Like " Happy Hooligan," he wants to help, and climbs over 
the fence to offer assistance, and tell John the best way to do it. 
He didn't stay long, however, and got back bver quicker than he 
went. In his haste he brought a whole lot of John's bees with 
him, which he wanted to share with me, but I didn't need any bees 
that day, and ran away, leaving them all to him. 
He said he would not have minded it so much" if the pesky 
things hadn't got inside." 
Fixter, later on, told him that salt and vinegar, well rubbed in, 
was very good to take down aggravated cases, and the Colonel is 
doing quite well this morning. And, again, what is a proof of the 
lately suggested theory on rheumatism, the Colonel has been quite 
cured of his " twinges" by those numerous hypodermic adminis- 
trations of John's bees. I did hear him say, howe\'er, that he was 
no Alopath, and preferred homeopathic treatment, as the doses are 
so much smaller. 
" There is the office, the one with the flag pole," answers a 
courteous workman, as we stopped running and inquired, and we 
are soon talking with one of the most charming gentlemen we 
have met in Canada, Wm. Saunders, LL.D., F.R.S.C., F.L.S., 
F.C.S., the Director of the Dominion Experimental Farms. 
He was so delightful that I don't believe that all those 
many letters following his name would have scared us, even had 
we known of them at the time, which we did not, and we talked 
to him as simple" Mister Saunders." 
I wonder if the Dominion of Canada fully appreciates what 
this man has done for it during the past sixteen years. This Cen- 
tral farm is but one of five' under his supervision. The others are 
at Nappan, 
.S.; Brandon, :Manitoba; Indian Head, N.W.T.; and 
Agassiz, B.C. 
\Vhen I looked over that park-like farm of nearly five hundred 
acres, and saw its botanical beauty, well-kept fields, fine improved 
stocks of cattle, horses, sheep and hogs, and saw its acres of lawns 
and miles of well-rounded roadways, and was shown the books 
and intricacy of office work there was to do. I could scarce believe 
that far less than one hundred men were employed to do it. 
Every milking of every cow is weighed as long as that cow 
is kept on the farm, and a record is strictly entered. All varieties 
of grain are tested, and their productiveness noted. Last year over 
35,000 samples of grain for seed were sent out, and what is re- 
markable, one-third of the farmers receiving those samples report- 
ed back the result of their sowing or planting. This is the very 
best indication that the farmers of Canada are interested in this 
work. I am sorry to say that onr own farmers take no snch in- 
terest, as is proven by what for years has not been returned to -.:he 
Smithsonian Institute at \Vashington. 
The divisions of work on the Farm are: Agriculture, under J. 
H. Grisdale, B. Agr.; Horticulture, under \V. T. l\lacoun, son of 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

the famous Prof. l\Iacoun; Chemistry, under F. T. Shutt, :M.A.; 
Entomologist and Botanist, James Fletcher, LL.D. ; Poultry 
:Manager, A. G. Gilbert. 
Dr. Charles Saunders, son of Director Wm. Saunders, is now 
connected with the farm, being in charge of one of the most inter-- 
esting branches of all, that of producing, by crossing, new varieties 
of grain, and fruit. 
H ow New Varieties of Fruit and Grain are produced. 
As an illustration, here is what to me is very wonderful. Crab 
apple trees from far up in Siberia are crossed by pollenizing with 
some hardy northern apple, and a new one produced, which may 
be grown profitably in the Northwest. The blossom of the apple 
is opened just before it blooms, and the pollen of the crab apple 
bloom is applied to it; then the branch of the tree so treated is 
bound up or covered for a few days with a paper bag, to keep out 
all other pollen. The product is a much larger apple than the 
Siberian crab. The seed from this is in turn planted, and the tree 
produced is used for either grafting or budding on to the root of 
the Siberian crab, or any other hardy apple root. 
Another branch of Dr. Charles Saunders' work is the produc- 
ing of new varieties of grain. This is done by crossing, and choice 
selections made from the result. Some very valuable varieties of 
grain have been thus pröduced; nearly 100 varieties of oats alone 
have been on trial for the past two years. The Doctor is trying LO 
produce wheat (119 varieties of spring, and 20 of fall wheat are 
under trial) that will ripen early, in order that the harvest of the 
great fields of the West may be extended by sowing different kinds 
of wheat, the early, the medium, and the late. In barley, 74 dif- 
ferent sorts have been tested during 1902. 
Rube Talks U Farm" to the Farmers. 
All the other branches are of interest, as they are developed 
here, but space will not permit of giving them. If only the farmer 
can be induced to farm intelligently, then this work of the Gover:l- 
ment will be of vast value, not only to the individual, but to the 
nation as well; but somehow the farmer plods along, using only 
his hands, while his brain is asleep. I know what I'm saying, for 
I was a farmer myself. "Any old way" suits the majority, while 
if they would use half the brain power that it takes to run a corner 
grocery store, they would not be the plodders that they are. Th
must think as well as plow, and when farming is conducted as 31- 
most any mercantile business is conducted, it will not be nearly 
such hard work, and the profits far greater. How few farmers 
get out of their. lands what they should receive, and would receive 
if they had sense enough to do it right, but they have not. I had 
not myself, and quit so that I might go to writing books, to tell 
the rest how it should be done. 

Rube's Lecture on Farming. 


One branch of profit which so few take advantage of is that 
of poultry raising, which, by the incubator, is now so easy. 
Come around, my brother" Hayseeds," and sit down while I 
talk to you three minutes on 
Poultry and Things. 
You have sons and daughters, most of you. Give the children 
a chance. Get them incubators, and give them half the profits. 
Your half will be that much gained, and you may keep the boys at 
home by giving them a "show." The boy hates farming becaase 
he does not see any of the money coming his way; and again, when 

if The Calf Eat its Blame Head off Long Ago!}} 
you promise him a share see that he gets it. I knew a farmer who 
used to give his boy a calf as an encouragement for extra work, 
but, bless you, when the calf grew up the Íarmer would sell it and 
keep the money. And if the boy protested, the father would say: 
" Why, the thing has eaten its blame head off long ago!" And the 
boy never got even the price of the original calf. Result: he left 
the old farm and drifted out into the world, and to this day hates 
the very thought of farming. Treat the boys as though thèy were 
business men not as children. It will instill into them the business 
principles which too often are instilled too late, if at all. Again, 
be fair with the boys, for even a child appreciates fairness, and he 
will love vou far more, and remember you far longer, than if yuu 
sold the grown up calf because it had ,. eat its blame head off long 
ago. " 
I have said "boys" in talking to you; I didn't mention the 
dear girls, as they are patient and loving, and not so liable to drift. 
But for all that, don't impose upon their patience; be fair to them, 
and if you promise to give them half the poultry, give it to them; 
but whatever you do, start the youngsters into poultry raising, and 
the profits will take the place of many a dollar that otherwise mnst 
come from the crib or the granary. 

if Daddy}} and his Little World. 
Farmers, keep posted in your farming, as the mercantile busi- 
ness men keep posted. Don't be content with what you see around 
home, and think your little circle is the world, for it is not. I shall 
never forget one day when I was sowing oats. A neighbor pass- 
ing along the road called over: " Rube, what-cher sowin'?" 
" Oats," said 1. 
" You're foolish," said he, " why, everbody is sowin' oats this 
year, an oats won't be worth nawthin' !" 
" Yes, but, 'Daddy,' you must not count on what is being 
sowed right here around home; take in the whole country in your 
calcula tion." 


Ottawa., The Hub. 

" I do, I do; why a way out ter Dia/ton they're sow-in' na.w- 
thin' but oats I" 
DiaIton was five miles west of ., our house," but" Turm JJ 
thought it was the limit. It was the ,. limit," but not the ,:me 
" Baughman" meant. This neighbor had many names, the above 
are only a few of them. He has since grown wiser and extended 
his horizon, but there are yet many" Turms " among the farmers, 
whose little world ends where the sun sets. 
But let's get back to the Experimental Farm; I've talked too 
long already on farming; but somehow, sometimes we do love to 
talk on things we dislike, and I do dislike the slipshod way in which 
farming is too often conducted, and to see how smoothly the 
various branches, are run on this park-like farm is a real joy, when 
compared with the old. No, not the" old," for even the Greek 
Thales who lived 630 B.C., did what the Chemist, Prof. F. T. 
Shutt, is now doing. He examined every object that came within 
his reach, the soil, the waters, and everything that he could get at. 
He was the first to want to know "why?" and, of course, his con- 
clusions were very crude, but had those conclusions, crude though 
they were, been followed up intelligently, we would be far in ad- 
vance of where we are to-day; but science, like the farmer, has 
been asleep most of the cycles since then. Now that it is awaken- 
ed, try, my brothers, to open your eyes, and see that your crops are 
grown from the best seed, and in the best way; your animals and 
fowls the most profitable breed Y011 can get; the fruits the best 
varieties; and then farming will not only be profitable, but a plea- 
sure. Now that my " lecture" is over, we will go out with the 
botanist, to the 
Arboretum and Botanic Garden 
departments of the farm, which give to it its rare beauty. "We 
have here," said he, as we got among the" Arboretums," "over 
3,000 varieties of trees and shrubs from all parts of the world, a.nd 
more than three-fourths of them are suitable for this climate." He 
was very kind, and pointed out to us many of the varieties. " This 
is a fine specimen of Ulmus Glabra Scampstoniensis," said he, 
pointing to a tree that all my life I had innocently looked upon as 
an Elm, and never until that dav did I dream that I had been call- 
ing it the wrong name ever since my boyhood. And a little fur- 
ther on he stopped and said: "This is one of our specimens of 
Salix Babylonica Annularis," and there stood a tree from whose 
branches I had often taken twigs upon which to string fish, but I 
had never called it that awful name; if I had I'm sure it would 
have taken too long to string the fish. I alwåys had thought it a 
water willow, but I had again found I had made a whole life's mis- 
take-and so it was with all the trees of my early youth. He even 
called the noble oak a " Quercus "-which was hardly fair to the 
oak. I have ever wondered why those apple limbs father used to 
use hurt so, but now see, they were not apple limbs at all, but 

Britannia Trip. 

I I 

"Pyrus ]\Ialus Floribunda Atra-Sanguinea" -especially" San- 
guinea," as they did so make the blood tingle. 
These are but a few samples of the three thousands or more 
varieties in that Arboretum. I don't now wonder why, that over 
three-fourths of them can stand this climate; their names should 
keep them alive in any climate. 
\Ve left the Arboretum and returned to the office, from which 
l\lr. Saunders took us to see some of the drives and walks, and 
pointed out far across to the east and south-east some magnificent 
views. The Farm is ideally located to the south-west of the city, 
and just beyond the city limits. In time a great driveway is to be 
completed; it is now begun by the Commission. It is to start at 
Rideau Hall, run up to the Rideau Canal, along which it is to fol- 
low out, and end at the Farm. Here and there beside its course 
is to be little park-like beauty spots, with trees and flowers. Oh, 
how delightful when completed! I just can't help thinking Ottawa 
does not fully appreciate all of its possibilities and beauties. They 
told us of the Faro1, but we got from them the impression that it 
was a place to raise the best kinds of grain, while in reality J\;lr. 
Saunders, besides finding the best in grain and stock, has made of 
it a beauty spot worthy a visit of all lovers of the possibilities in 
floral nature. 
No visitor to Ottawa should think of leaving the city withmlt 
seeing the Central Experimental Park-as Park it surely is. 
There is now being erected here a large building for the wca- 
ther bureau. "J oe," who drove us back to the city in the Park 
wagon, pointed out another large structure which is being built. 
He said it is to be a "Lavitory for chimical expiriments." 
Yes, by all means go to see the "Experimental Farm." 
vVe later found that the car marked" Gladstone Ave." would 
have taken us by a shorter route. It is also taken from either 
Sparks or Bank St. 


The Britannia trip is one of the most enjoyable outings about 
Ottawa. It reminds one of the run out from Brooklyn, passing 
down the Bay to Coney Island, only that it is more in the country, 
and again it is west instead of south. As usual, you take the car 
on Sparks Street, going west; take either the one marked "Britan- 
nia," or the one marked "Somerset Street." You turn south on 
Bank, and thence to and out Somerset. Somerset is well paved, 
and its pretty rows of shade trees and neat detachcd houses, with 
their well-kept lawns, is a pleasant sight. We pass nothing of 
note till we reach Bay Street, after which, at 578, we see the house 
of The Victorian Order of K urses, and at the corner of Bell, we 
see the quaint little Church of 
t. Luke's, Rev. Thos. Garrett, 
rector. At Division Street, we begin to see the effects of the re- 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

cent fire that swept almost everything clear to the ground for a 
long and wide scope, running to the bridge which crosses the 
C. P. R. tracks. 
Begins at Fourth Avenue, where Somerset ends as it merges into 
the Richmond Road. The Capucian Fathers' church and school 
are seen to the left, after which we pass the tree-embowered home 
of Judge Ross, and a little further along toward Queen Street, we 
see to the right The Boys' Home. Weare soon in the country 
after passing Queen Street. Two turns and we are going up the 
Britannia Road, along which the conductor (43) points out pro- 
minent places: "Here's the Holland property. There's Fred, 
Heney's fine house. Fred is Reeve of Nepean." I didn't stop to 
ask him what" Reeve" meant. I had never heard the word be- 
fore. No, I didnt' stop him. .. There to the left is the St. 
Hubert's Gun Club grounds. This is now 

That's J. E. Cole's house. Cole owns all this land along here, 
lands worth $200 and upward an acre. Yes, very cheap, so near 
town. That's John J\IcKellar's fine place to the right. That rail- 
road paralleling our track? That is the C.P.R. Yes, the C.P,R. 
comes into Ottawa from all directions. Great road that, but it 
looks as though the Liberals are going to get " sociable" in an- 
other àirection. Yes, here's Britannia," and so he ran on. He 
knew everything. It's a pleasure to meet with conductors who 
know, and who are so courteous in telling it as are these Ottawa 
boys. At Britannia the trolley company have gone to much ex- 
pense in beautifying the place. They have built a wide pier 1,000 
feet long out into the river, which here is Deschenes Lake, 
of which I shall make frequent mention. It forms here 
a half circle, along the east side of which are many pretty 
cottages, and a boat club house. Along the south part 
of the circle, the land between the road and the 
lake has been turned into a park, with pavilions, bath houses, &c. 
The beach is an ideal one for bathing, especiaIly for children. The 
little ones may wade out almost to the end of the pier without 
danger. This land where Britannia stands was once a part of a 
large estate, that of the noted Captain LeBreton, and the Lake was 
called Chaudiere Lake, by Lieut.-Colonel Joseph Bouchette, who 
wrote of it in 1832. 
The viIlage, with its two churches and neat cottages, is .me 
of Ottawa's most fashionable suburbs. J\111ch is due to J\1r. John 
Jamieson, who, like Bradley at Asbury Park, has made a pretty 
resort out of what was once but a sand beach. 
Some people of national note reside here. I might say inter- 
national, or even world-wide, as you shall see. Afew of them are: 

Britannia Trip. 


1r. VV. J. Lynch, head of the Patent Office Department, under 
1Iinister of Agriculture Sidney Fisher, Ottawa; ex-l\layor Fred. 
Cook; Charles ßlorse, LL.D., of the Exchequer Court; Mr. E. 
Taschereau, son of the Chief Justice of Canada; l\lr. Errol Bou- 
chette, a well-known author; :Messrs. Arthur and Henry Taché, 
of the famous seigniorial Taché family; the Rosenthals, the lead- 
ing jewellers of Ottawa-Samuel, one of the sons, an Alderman, 
has done much for athletics, and is ever looking after the interests 
of its young men in general; Mr. Fred. C. Capreol-11rs. Capreol 
is a niece of the late Sir James Edgar; 1\lr. Fred. Graham, of the 
great firm of Bryson, Graham & Co., on Sparks Street; l\Irs. Willis 
Wainwright; l\Ir. Robert Burland, manager of the British Bank 
Note Company; Mr. Robert Masson, merchant, Mr. Wm. Howe, 
manufacturer; l\Ir. Edward Brittain, of the Finance Department; 
l\1r. T. S. Kirby, Mr. T. Blythe and 1\Ir. J. Watson, merchants; 
and-well, you had better get the directory, as everybody seems to 
be prominent in Britannia Bay. 
I said: " International or even world-wide." What will you 
think down home when I tell you that in this pretty little suburb 
of Ottawa, I found the famous scientist, Prof. E, Stone vViggins, 
1!.A., B.A., LL.D., M.D. Yes, I found in Britannia the man 
whose name is better known, and known over a wider range, than 
possibly any other Canadian, for I am sure there is not a nook or 
corner in our own country where the famous Doctor's name IS 
not household. I shall never forget how, in 1883, we did all watch 
for that storm he predicted for :March 5th. None of us believed 
that such a thing was possible for any living man to say in Sept- 
ember that on the following March-six months away-one of the 
greatest storms ever known would occur, and when it came exactly 
to the day as he had said, our surprise was unbounded, and the 
name of Wiggins was fixed indelibly in our minds, and when w-e 
were told that Prof. E. Stone Wiggins resided in Britannia, we 
felt that we had found an old friend of our boyhood. 
I t will be a surprise to many to know that it was this scientist 
who first suggested wireless telegraphy. The Doctor, in 1884, in 
an interview which appeared in the Brooklyn Union, Septel1lb
6th, quite clearly outlined telegraphing without the use of wires. 
Scarcely less famous is his wife, especiallv so in Canada and 
in England, where the" Gunhilda Letters ,. had so far-reaching 
influence in making it lawful in Canada to marry your deceased 
wife's sister. I have seldom if ever read words more powerful 
than are contained in these letters, and never from the pen of a 
woman have I read their equal for strength of expression. The 
research indicates years of study, while the construction is unap- 
proachable and unanswerable for the purpose for which they =lre 
It was our pleasure to meet these two cultured people, and a 
rare pleasure it was. Their home, " Arbor House," is a literary 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

centre where gather a coterie of the very choicest of Ottawa's 
brilliant minds. 
Later: Just as my book is going to press, Ottawa is shaken 
by the earthquake predicted by the Professor as far back as 1886 
and again in 1894. In the latter year in an interview for the New 
York Herald, he said: "An earthquake will appear in Canada in 
the fan of 1 904." This quake came on schedule time, and the 
shoulder shrugging critic simply shrugs an extra shrug and says: 
"It was only another of the Doctor's correct guesses." 

The Britannia Boat Club 

has a fine club house at the village. It is famous for its many 
I ts officers are: Hon. President, W m. W yld; Hon. Vice- 
Presidents, Thos. Ahearn and F. J. Graham; President, Robert 
:Masson; Vice-President, W. L. Donnelly; Hon. Secretary, Louis 
J. Kehoe; Hon. Treasurer, E. L. Brittain; Directors, A. Taché, 
E. R. ,l\IcNeill, D. Burns, "V. Healy, R. Burland, and Harry 
Rosenthal; Librarian, E. E. Stockton. 
Among the successes of this club was the winning, in 19 02 , 
of the war canoe championship of Canada, under the auspices of 
the Canadian Canoe Association. 
The club has a membership of 200, consisting of resident and 
non-resident members. Its fortnightly dances are very popular. 
And its regattas are events of great interest. 


As usual, start on Sparks Street, but be careful this time to see 
that your car is marked" Chaudiere Falls." It leaves Sparks at 
Bank, and goes one block north to Wellington, and then west. 
Around Bank and Wellington are some points of prominence. On 
Bank, across \Vellington, in the Parliament grounds, are the 
Supreme Court buildings, in which are the Supreme Court, 
Supreme Court library, Exchequer Court, and at the south-west 
corner, the J\letropolitan Business College. 
From Bank west, WeIIington is a business street. At 220 
is the fine home of the American Bank Note Company; beyond is 
the large ruins of the Hotel Cecil, now being rebuilt, and near by 
the British American Bank Note Company, and at the corner of 
Kent Street, St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church; the pastor is 
Rev. W. T. Herridge, of whose rare ability we had heard much 
said, and later, often listened to with delight. He is one of 
Canada's greatest preachers. 

Chaudiere Falls' Trip. 


Perley Home. 

That large residential-looking house to the right or north side 
was once the home of l\Ir. \Villiam Goodhue Perley. It was given 
by the heirs as a Home for Incurables, and on January 21st, 1897, 
formally opened by His Excellency the Governor General and 
Lady Aberdeen. 
Its founders are among the most prominent people of Ottawa, 
Mr. John IV!. Garland, a leading merchant, is President. Secretary, 
G. A. Burgess, B.A., LL.B. Treasurer, John H. Dewar. l\Ess 
Crawford is superintendent. 

Ottawa Water Works. 

Where the car turns off on to Queen Street West are the 
really up-to-date waterworks of the city, with its 25 million capa- 
city, now pumping, by water power (4,000 horse power), II mil- 
lions gallons per day. It is always a pleasure to find "something 
from home," if it be but a bit of machinery or manufacture. Here 
we found three water wheels, the Leffel, made in our home town-- 
Springfield, Ohio-thirty years ago, and they are still at work. 
Ottawans are sensible in using large mains. From 24-inch mains 
the pipes run'to 5 inches in the most distant parts of the city, with 
12 and IS inch pipes in the business portion. The surroundings 
of the pumping plant are' park-like and very pretty. 
We find but little of interest until we reach the great mills of 
J. R. Booth, possibly the greatest saw mills in the world. Hel'e 
are cut 125,000,000 feet per year, not to mention millions of lath, 
shingles, etc. I have told elsewhere of the phenomenal rise of this 
remarkable man, who from a poor farmer boy has reached the top 
in a number of lines; how that he now owns timber limits that 
would make nearly five such states as Rhode Island, and the m03t 
ot a railway extending from Vennont to Georgian Bay, with a well 
started city of his own at the end of the line-Depot Harbor-and 
a line of grain steamships, with a chain of elevators of millions 
capacity. I wanted to meet and know such a man, 

Rube Gets Acquainted. 

but had no excuse, and had to make one. U l\1r. Booth," said I, on 
meeting him, "a man once went to see Barnum, 'Don't want a 
thing,' said the man, , don't want a thing; I only wanted to see you.' 
Same here; just wanted to meet the man who had done things- 
good day." ,. Hold on;' said he, as I started to go, and then I 
found the great J. R. Booth as genial as he is successful, and the 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

Colonel and I were shown through the mills, where 1,000 men and 
boys were at work in the various departments, the most interesting 
of which was the making of shingles. My eyes! The rapidity 
with which those boys turned out shingles went beyond anything 
I had ever seen in wood working. 
Immediately beyond the Booth mills are 

The Chaudiere Falls. 
I cannot describe them; you must turn over to my picture gallery 
and see for yourselves. We had wondered from whence came the 
power that ran the 43 miles of Ottawa's trolley lines, but found it 
in the immense electrical works near the Falls. They are most 
complete. Beyond the bridge, just at the Falls, we come to the 
City of Hull, which will require a separate sketch. Just here yon 
must ask the conductor to point out to you 

The Devil's Hole. 
He may tell you that a horse and cart once dropped into it, and that 
nothing but the cart was ever seen, and it came out a mile or two 
below. "The horse, no doubt, served as food for the cat fish." It 
seems that there must be a subterraneous passage of nearly two 
miles long. 

The Ottawa Cave. 
Ottawa, of course, once had its cave, but the retaining wall of 
vVellington Street, at the east side of Pooley's Bridge, at the Water- 
works, shut its mouth, so the old citizens must speak for it, The 
venturesome ones will tell you how" when we were boys we often 
used to go into the cave, which runs east under the great bluff to 
Concession Street, and we don't know how much further." 


Elgin Street is the first street west of the Russell House. It 
has much of interest, and is one of the important streets of 
Walk down a block while waiting for a car. To the right 
corner of Sparks is the Canadian Pacific ,ticket office and the ex 
press department of the same company to the left. N ext, to the 
right, is the office of the Evening] mwnal. 
Central Chambers, extending to Queen Street, is possibly the 
most prominent office building in Ottawa. Here are the offices of 
the Board of Trade. Two great and well known companies of 
Boston and N ew York City have here their Canadian offices: the 
Shepherd & l\'Iorse Lumber, and the Export Lumber Companies. 

Elgin Street Trip. 


N. A. Belcourt, member of Parliament for Ottawa, and 
Speaker of the House; the Canada Atlantic Railway Company, 
and many others prominent, are in the Central. 
Across to the north side of the street we find the Ottawa 
Free Press J' next, to the left, across Queen Street, is the beautiful 
City Hall, in front of which is a fine Soldiers' Monument, erected 
by the gifts of 3 0 ,000 children of Ottawa and adjoining counties. 
It was erected in memory of the brave boys who fell in South 
Africa in the late Boer War. 
Just to the rear of the City Hall, on Queen Street, is the 
Police Station. At the south-west corner of Elgin and Queen IS 
the Grand Union Hotel, one of the best in Ottawa. 
At the south-east corner of Albert (the next) Street is the 
Knox Presbyterian Church, Rev. D. 1\1. Ramsay, pastor. On the 
opposite (west) corner is the Congregational Church. Rev. \Vm. 
l\1cIntosh, pastor. East, on Slater Street, are the offices of the 
l\,filitia Department. Here also we find Jas. W. Woods, with the 
largest wholesale store in the city. On the north-west corner of 
:M:aria Street is the Ottawa Amateur Athletic Club: G. S. May, 
President; J. R. l\1unro, Secretary-Treasurer; G. N. N orthwood, 
Auditor. The church opposite is the First Baptist, Rev. A. A. 
Cameron, pastor. This is an important locality. East on l\1ana 
Street, toward the Laurier Bridge (a block away), we see to the 
left the fine club house of the Knights of Columbus, and a little 
further along, St. Patrick's Hall. It is here at Elgin Street that 

The Commission Driveway 
begins. It goes east to the canal, then turning south, runs up 
along the north bank of this water way, out to the Experimental 
Farm. Here l'vlaria Street is a double driveway, with grass plot 
and double rows of trees in the centre. 

The C,.eat Drill Hall 
for all the city regiments is at the end of Cartier Square, seen here 
along the south side of the Driveway. The Emmanuel Reformed 
Episcopal Church, Rev. T. Hubert, pastor, is at the next corner, 
on Elgin. 
V\T est, on Gloucester, a half block, is a large school, the Con- 
gregation de K otre Dame. On Elgin Street, next beyond Em- 
manuel Church, was the home of the late J. W. l\lcRae, brother 
of Sir Hector l\IcRae. To the left, beyond Cartier Square, is the 
l\Iodel School, and on the east end of the same block is the Coi- 
leO'iate Institute, dating back to 1843. Up to 1875, Elgin Street 
ocly ran to Lisgar. That year it was continued out to Lansdowne 
Park. :Mr. A. S. Woodburn, then Secretary of the Agri-" 
cultural Fair, was instrumental in bringing about this improve- 
ment. Up to that time Bank Street was the only. means of reach. 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

ing the Park, or Fair ground. Beyond Lisgar Street, on the west 
side, is the Protestant Orphans' Home. To the left, on the cor- 
ner, is the beautiful home of l\lr. Levi Crannel, of the firm of 
Bronson & Crannell, prominent manufacturers. On the south- 
east corner of Somerset Street is the Anglican Grace Church, 
Rev. J. F. Gorman, rector. (Rev. Mr. Gorman is said to be a 
most effective writer as well as preacher.) At the north-east 
corner of :l\Iac1aren Street is the gopular young ladies' school of 
Miss A. N. Harmon, and at the south-west corner, the residence 
of J\Ir. J. F. Booth, son of J. R. Booth. 

Minto Square 
is seen here. It occupies the block between J\lac1aren and Gil- 
mour Streets, and runs from Elgin to Cartier Streets. Just acr03S 
from the square is the Elgin Street Kindergarten School. At 
the south-east corner of Gilmour Street is the only Unitarian 
Church in Ottawa, Rev. R. J . Hutcheon, J\I.A., pastor. We come 
to a large hospital at the south-east corner of Lochiel Street, St. 
Luke's General Hospital, connected with which are some of the 
most prominent physicians and surgeons in the city. On the wide 
block to the right, between l\IcLeod and Argyle, and running 
west nearly to Bank Street, is to be located the great National 
l\luseum. It will be one of the finest of the Government build- 
ings, and an ornament to the ci ty. 
At Argyle the car turns, and the line ends at the canal bridge, 
one block to the east. The Commission Driveway is here seen 
again along the canal, passing through the subway under the 
Canada Atlantic, a block to the south. 
" Colonel," said I, " let's cross the bridge and see what is on 
the other side." \Ye go over, to what the guide book calls" Road 
Concession," but the people we ask call it " l\lain Street, Ottawa 
East." We follow it ea
t a few blocks and find 
The Priests' Farm, 
or St. Joseph's Scholasticate, with Rev. Father Duvis as Superior. 
It is a larg
 stone building, with beautifully kept grounds in front 
and all about. 


This is the line by which the Union Station, on Rochester 
Street, is reached, and, as elsewhere stated, from this station you 
take the train" up the Gatineau." The Pontiac road, and some 
of the C. P. R. trains to l\Iontreal and Toronto, start from here. 
Take the car on Sparks or Bank Streets-the one marked "Union 
As usual, we ask the conductor to point out any places of in- 
terest, or the homes of those prominent, as we go along. "That's 

Sussex Street Trip. 


the Catholic Apostolic Church at Lyon Street. Here at Bay 
Street, occupying a block, is the Presbyterian Ladies' College of 
Ottawa, with the Conservatory of :l\Iusic in the same grounds. 
Across the street, on the corner of Bay, is the home of Daniel 
O'Connor, lawyer, of a very old By town family. At 443 is the 
residence of .NIr. vVm. Hutchison, Canadian Commissioner, Presi- 
dent of the Central Exhibition Association, and now in charge cf 
the St. Louis Fair exhibit. He was once member of Parliament 
for Ottawa. At 451 resides James D. Fraser, treasurer of our 
car lines. There, at 470, lives Charles Bryson, a member of one 
of the largest departmental stores, Bryson & Graham, and here, 
at Concession, is l\Iorley Donaldson, General Superintendent of 
the Canada Atlantic Railway. Up there to the left, on the hill, on 
Victoria Avenue, you see, a large church; that is St. Jean Baptiste 
Church of the Dominican Fathers, a convent and a sepan.te 
school. ., 
Shortly after this we reach Rochester Street, a short distance 
to the right we come to the station. This locality was near the 
centre of the 1900 fire that swept across from Hull. That fire 
burned about everything in this part of its path, including the 
station building. The large stone ruin you see to the south was 
the palatial home of J. R. Booth. The extensive building now 
under construction to the left as you turn to the station is to be 
the mill of Davidson & Thackray, whose immense mills on Sparks, 
running through to Queen Street, were entirely consumed in the 
June fire of this year. This firm is one of the most extensive sash 
and door manufacturers on the continent, their trade extending to 
all parts of the world. 


Haw little interest the average citizen takes in the things 
around him! This I could not but note, one day when the Colonel 
and I stood waiting to take the car marked "Rockliffe." vVe 
were on the Sparks Street bridge, there by the Post Office, where 
two bridges cross the Rideau Canal, running so nearly into one, 
at the east end, that they might have been named the "V" 
That bridge is this?" I asked. 
"The Rideau Canal bridge," said the man, who had all the 
appearancè of having an intellect. 
" What bridge is that?" pointing to another, leading across 
at Wellington Street on the north side of the Post Office. 
"That is the Rideau Canal bridge too." I gave him up 
and after asking a number of others we finally met the "old 
citizen "-and then we had to listen. 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

" This one on Sparks Street is the old 'Sappers bridge built 
at the time of the canal was dug, 1827, it used to run solid up 
to the water but when the railway ran through it had to be blasted 
out, there beyond, for the tracks. It as originally very narrow- 
notice under there and you will see how it was widened. That 
new bridge crossing to \Vellington Street is Dufferin Bridge, 
built under the mayoralty of Eugene l\1artineau in 1873. Samuel 
Keefer, brother of our present great civil engineer, T. C. Keefer, 
was the designer, and the buiider was James Goodwin, father of 
George Goodwin. 
"This is the Post Office here on the West bank of the canal, 
see underneath is the Custom House, reached by wagons from 
across the street where the ground falls away, there through that 
pretty little park. Say you ought to have seen that park three 
years ago. It was John Heney's wood yard. You wouldn't have 
thought our Improvement Commission could have brought so 
much of beauty out of that old yard-but say strangers, we've 
got the best Improvement Commission in Canada. Have YO!.1 
seen what they've done for this town? Beats anything I ever saw 
-inside of ten years they will make Ottawa a little Paradise. 
, That?' Oh, that's the Canada Atlantic Railway station; we're 
going to have a new one in 1954-the picture and plans are all 
ready to start. Oh, yes; they've been ready for years. It's too 
fine for this generation, so it's been put off. The Canadian Paci- 
fic Railway use it too. You just ought to have seen that ground 
before J. R. Booth started to build the Canada Atlantic. (l\1et 
Booth yet? He's a great man.) I t used to be a basin, and the 
canal ran all over it. No, I don't mean the station, I mean it ran 
over where it stands. 'That bridge over there, four blocks south? 
Oh, that's Laurier Bridge, across at l\1aria Street.' Of course, 
you know that Colonel John By started to build this canal in 1826. 
, No?' Yes, he began in 1826, and finished it in 1832. Sir John 
Franklin laid the corner stone in 1827. 'What?' Oh, yes; it 
was before he was lost in his attempt to find the North Pole. It 
has eight locks between here and the river-one right after the 
other-with an 82 feet drop. That house on the east side, the one 
cut in two by the trolley, was Colonel Coffin's house. Some say 
it is haunted, but that's because its empty. Colonel By lived in 
a rubble stone house, one story, with verandahs. It stood over 
there in what is now Major Hill Park-named after Major 
Bol ton. 
H Walk across to the other end of this bridge, past the en- 
trance to the station. Yes, down those steps to the right for the 
Central railway station. Look, there's the Major Hill Park! It 
used to be an ugly-looking ground before the Park was made. 
'That monument there in front?' It is the monument built by the 
citizens of Ottawa for 'Vm. B. Osgoode and John Rogers, who 
were killed in the Northwest, during the Riel Rebellion, in 1885. 

The Old Citizen Talks. 


Nice men, I knew 'em both well. I was in that rebellion, and 
might have had my name carved on that monument too ! You 
see, it was like this. One night we had gone into camp, not 
thinking-CWhat?' Yes, that is the car to Rockliffe. You see, 
it was like this. One night, we had-," but we hadn't time to 
wait, and may never know what he had that night. It was pos- 
sibly a dream. 
" You found one that time, Rube; I guess he beats. our Mont- 
real ' old citizen,' " said the Colonel, just as we left Rideau Street. 
(Sparks Street stops at the bridges, and becomes Rideau Street.) 
and turned in to Sussex, to the left, just east of the bridges. 
On this car was another of those obliging conductors (79.) 
\Vhen he saw that we were strangers, he began to point out 
places. "That's St. John's Church to the left, Rev. Canon Pol- 
lard, rector. That's the Geological 11useum to the right; you 
must visit this, specially, as it is full of things worth seeing. This 
very wide street is York, where the market is located. That's 
the Basilica Church to the right; back there to the left, a block,' is 
the Government Printing Bureau; yes, that big red brick build- 
ing. Here, at Water Street, down half a block, is the Catholic 
General Hospital. Thence, as we turn to run along the river is 
Qneen's \Vharf, where the Ottawa River Navigation Company's 
steamer ' Empress' starts down to l\lontreal, or rather to Gren- 
ville, where you have to change. Great trip that! Ever take it? 
Everybody takes it. You can go down to Grenville and back for 
50 cents. There to the left, on the river bank, is the Ottawa 
Rowing Club, 37 years old. Lord lVlinto is patron. Hon. presi- 
dent is John :l\Ianuel. The President is W. F. Boardman; 'Jice- 
presidents, C. W. Badgeley and F. Grierson; captain, W. A. 
Cameron, the great canoeist, and hon. secretary, R. W. Nichols. 

This little þark to the right?' It's Bingham's Park, named for 
one of our big citizens, and there a little further along to the right 
is his residence. Back there at the end of Dalhousie Street is 
where Sir John :rYlacdonald lived. Here, on both sides of the 
Rideau River are the lumber mills of the W. C. Edwards Com- 
pany. Edwards is another of our great mill men. Here's another 
branch of the Rideau. ' Yes, these are all the Edwards' mills. 
They have a lot of others, at Rockland, down the Ottawa, 28 
miles. That's W. C. Edwards' house to the left; yes, that big 
stone house among the trees. And here to the right, with the big 
red gate, is Rideau Hall. 
The Governor General's House. 
" The grounds run far back to the south and east. \Ve pa.;s 
alongside of them to Rockliffe Park, which begins right here on 
the left. 'Oh, yes; this is a beautiful park.' Thousands come 
out here of a Saturday and Sunday, and many picnics are held 
here-family picnics. Yon notice, it is all natural, and you Jon't 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

have to keep off the grass; so the children can romp and tumble 
over it all theYI please. Up there is the band stand, where the band 
often comes to play. Did you ever see such an ideal spot? It 
has rocks-that's why its "Rockcliffe "-and trees, and look 
down, there's the river, and over there is Gatineau Point. ' Yes, 
over there where you see the big church and the little houses'; 
that's the Gatineau River. Finest trip anybody ever took, and- 
but here we are at the end of the run. 'That path?' It leads up 
to 'Lornado,' \V. Y. Soper's beautiful summer home. Wait a few 
minutes and a car will come to take you on to 
The Rifle Range. 
Two miles down the river. 'Vvhat?' Oh, don't mention it; we 
boys like to tell tourists what to see along our lines. Good day. 
Oh, thanks; I can't smoke now, but I will save it until I'm off 
We got out, went into the pavillion waiting room, and were 
delighted with the view to be had from there, across the river. 
Here we found a Boston artist friend; sketching that big church 
at Gatineau Point, and backing it with the beautiful Laurentians, 
far to the north-west. 
" Rube, there's our car!" And I had to stop admiring that 
view and get aboard the trolley. We found No. 47 no exception. 
When he saw that we wanted to know, doncher known, he began 
telling us of each place of interest, as we passed along. He was 
not in a hurry, as he only had to make a trip every IS minutes. 
" There is the Ottawa Canoe Club on the river bank." 
,. No," said the Colonel, ,. we passed that just this side of 
Oueen's Wharf!" 
,.., " Wrong, mister; that was the Ottawa Rowing Club." 
" Say, 47, you must excuse my friend here; he was raised 111 
a country where they only have water for agricultural, washing, 
and drinking purposes, and he don't know the difference between 
rowing a boat and paddling a canoe." 
" Say, Rube, you are not so numerous. Did you ever count 
yourself ?" 
The conductor went on to tell us about the club, paying no 
heed to our ignorance of things aquatic. "His Excellency, Lord 
l\linto, is Patron. Vice-Patron is Lord Aylmer, another very 
popular man. David .1\iaclaren is Commodore; G. P. Brophy, Vice- 
Commodore; W. F. Boardman, Captain, and Walter Rowan, 
Secretary-Treasurer. They have over 200 membership. 
" To the right, up there on the high cliff, through the trees, 
is the property of our civil engineer, T. C. Keefer." 
Just a little further ahead, we came to a turn in both the 
river and the road, which up to here, had run high above the 
water. At this turn he stopped the car and let us look at the 
magnificent view. 

TV ouldn't Let Rube Shoot. 


" That iS J Kettle Island. See how the river divides, leaving it 
in the centre. It is three miles long and very pretty. That mill 
in the far distance down the river, on the Quebec side, belongs to 
the l\1aclaren Company. It is at Templeton. You can, from 
here, see 7 miles down the river." A short distance further we 
pass a number of tents on the river bank. ., This is Camp Pre- 
toria. Druggist l\IcCormick and other Ottawans come here every 
summer to . camp out.' That first big house to the right is 
Mathewman's. The second, that one over there near l\lcKay's 
Lake, is Colonel Richard Cartwright's. 'Yes, he's the son of the 
great Richard.' He has charge of the 

Canadian School of lvf1tsketry, 
there where you see the tents. And further on, where we stop, are 
the officers' quarters, near the Rifle Range. See all this country 
around here? \Vell, there is talk of making a National Park out 
this way, beginning somewhere near Rideau Hall, and running out 
far beyond the Range. lVly, but it would be a great system. You 
could go from here through the city to the Experimental Farm 
beyond-but here we are at the officers' quarters." 
For a while we felt that we might not have any business 
around where there was rifle practice going on; then, besides I 
never feel easy where volunteer soldiers are. They always im- 
press me that they feel their great importance. But when once I 
get to know them, I find they are a fine set of boys. Of course, 
some of the little officers from the country never let you forget 
their vast dignity, but they can't help it, and as it seems to make 
their life happier, I just let it go at that. It is better that way, 
as it saves time. 
\Ve found the Colonel in charge, and a large number of other 
officers and men at the 200 yards range. \Ve presented our cards 
to the Colonel, so that if we got shot there would be no doubt as 
to who we had been. The Colonel himself is a fine shot. I don't 
mean my Colonel, Horatius-he couldn't hit a barn-but the 
Colonel Commanding. I was surprised to see with what facility 
he could detect a poor gun. He would shoot, and if he missed 
the target two or three times, he would say: " Send this gun back 
to the store; it's not accurate." 
" Colonel," said I, " let me try a shot." 
" No, we'd have to send them all back." I didn't know just 
what he meant, but he didn't let me shoot. I got even, however, 
by aiming my camera: at them. But I'm beginning to think I could 
use a gun better. There could not be fewer "hits," but Topley 
says this is a better one than he gave me on the last outing, -md 
I may possibly have taken the Colonel and his marksmen. 
\Ve went back to the officers' quarters, where we had to take 
pictures as long as we had any films left. 


Ottawa} The Hub. 

The one where the boys are all standing at attention, they 
told us, is " The l\Iajor's Hugging Brigade." There is a question 
between me and the Colonel as to the name of this brigade. He 
says it is the ., l\1ajor Huggins." \Vhat's a "g," more or less, 
anyhow! The Colonel is so particular as to my spelling. 
As I said, this is the Canadian School of Musketry. It meets 
in July and September of each year. Officers, non-commissioned 
officers and men come from all parts of the Dominion to practice 
shooting. Three men from each company of the Royal Canadian 
Regiments are detailed for duty to act as instructors. 
We start back. At the waiting pavilion at Rackliffe Park 
we find our Boston artist, with her sketch of Gatineau Point com- 
\Ve walk along through the park until we find a path to the 
left, marked" Cornwall Avenue," and ever hunting for the New, 
follow it. It led around to a low, broad cabin, which we, later 
on, found to be 
The Royal Cabin} 
in which the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York ate pork 
and beans when in Ottawa in 19 0 1. 
Queer, what notions one has of places they read about, in the 
ordinary newspaper reports! I had thought of this Cabin as in a 
far away location, while here it is in the city. It stands 
among high pine trees, and looks very picturesque. 
This is a delightful outing trip, and taken leisurely, only re- 
quires a short time. 
After that we went often to the Rifle Range, but never gained 
any reputation as marksmen. The targets were always too far 
off-so feet being our limit. 


Bank, next after Sparks-Rideau, is the most prominent busi- 
ness street in Ottawa. On Bank at Wellington are the Supreme 
Court Buildings in which, besides this conrt, are the Supreme Court 
Library and the Exchequer Court. On the south-western corner 
is the l\letropolitan Business College, founded in 1896. Sparks 
and Bank are well tenned "The Busy Corner." Here is the beau- 
tiful Sun Life building to the south east; the leading Clothier, 
Stewart McClenaghan-"Two Macs"-across the street; and 
Ketchum and Company on the north west corner. 
The Sun Life, under the Ottawa management of l\1r. John 
R. and W. L. Reid (the former the president of the Board of 
Trade), is one of the great life insurance companies of Canada. 
Mr. Reid has had the management of this branch since 1893, dur- 
ing which time he has seen his company grow from insurance in 

Bank Street Trip. 


force of less than twenty-eight millions to nearly seventy-six mil- 
lions, and increasing annually by leaps and bounds. 
Mr. John l\lcD. Hains, Jr., acountant, late of Montreal, with 
office in this building, is fast gaining a position among the rising 
young business men of Ottawa. 
11r. J. L. Rochester, a clerk of a few years ago, is 
ow t
proprietor of the Sun Life drug store, one of the best eqUIpped In 
the city. 
In this building is also an old friend of other days, wen 
known in many countries-" Bradstreets" -a man needing no 
words of comment. 
::\1r. Stewart McClenaghan, school trustee, and prominently 
identified with public interests, has built up a great business on 
this "Busy Corner", When the University burned, in December 
(19 0 3), and the students had lost their all, it was to :Mr. 1\Ic- 
Clenaghan that hundreds of them were sent to be clothed. The 
University paying the bills out of the insurance, were surprised to 
find these bills discounted to a very large extent by this generous 
young business man. 
I have spoken elsewhere of the Ketchums, how they started 
with all their goods in one window, and in a few years have 
become the leading sporting goods dealers of the Dominion, and 
even just now seem little more than boys. 
Here also is another proof of what a clear head and push will 
do. Mr. Matthew Esdale, from a single hand press, has added one 
after another until in a very short time he has a well equipp
printing establishment-all from his own unaided efforts. 

It Pays to be Kind. 
Just here I must run in a little story, illustrative of the kind- 
ness of manner of the big business men of Otta \Va. Young Esdale 
had almost decided to go into business for himself" He went first 
to one of the great firms to ask for some of their work. The head 
of the firm received him kindly, and although he gave him no 
order at the time, he was so agreeable in his manner that "lVlatt" 
started the same week. "Had Mr. H. B. said one unkind word to 
me just then, I would have lost heart and given up, and if I have 
succeeded I give all the credit to him." One never knows the 
effect ones words may have on his fellows-a single sentence, may 
make or m
r the .whole life of '(mo
her. It is a pleasure to say ü'f 
Ottawa-It s basmess and professIOnal men are very delightful 
and courteous in their manner-in fact this may bë said of all 
classes here. One is seldom greeted in Ottawa bv that harsh ques- 
tion: "Well, what can I do for you?" - 


Otta'i,t'a, The Hub. 

Odd Fellows' Hall. 
The great Order of Oddfellows has its fine hall and meeting 
rooms in the Sun Life Building. It has a local membership of 
about 800. 
Yes, the corner at Sparks and Bank is indeed a "Busy Cor- 
At Slater is the Bank Street Presbyterian church, Pastor Rev. 
J. H. Turnbull, l\LA. Other churches on this street are the 
Stewarton Presbyterian, Rev. Robt. Herbison, l\LA., pastor, at the 
head of Archibald street, and the l\IcLeod Street :Methodist 
church. This is a very fine stone edifice, Rev. F. G. Lett, pastor. 
At the north west corner of Bank and Gilmour street is the 
commodious Gilmour, the most popular family hotel in Ottawa. It 
is under the courteous management of l\1r. T. Babin. 
At 483 resides a man of much prominence by reason of hav- 
ing given prominence to others. I refer to l\Ir. Henry J. l\Iorgan, 
barrister, author of "l\Iorgan's Canadian Men and \Vomen of the 
time", "Canadian Parliamentary Companion", and many othe:- 
works, almost a library of themselves. He is well called "The 
Burke of Canada". The inlet crossed, beyond Paterson Avenue 
is Paterson Creek connected with the canal to the east. It has 
been filled in from Bank street west. Just beyond is Ottawa Elec- 
tric Park to oecome a part of the Driveway Park system. A
is the beautiful residence of 
1rs. Russell Spaulding of Boston 
and at 937 are the extensive grounds and home of James A. 
Smart, Deputy Minister of the Interior. 
The Protestant H O1ne for the Aged, 
or better known as "The Old Men's Home" is at 954. This is one 
of the most prominent charitable institutions in the city by reason 
of the men to whose, benevolence is due its maintenance. It's offi- 
cers are: C. l\IcN ab, President; J olm Kane, Secretary; J. H. 
Dewar, Treasurer; \V. E. De Rinzy, Steward; Mrs. E. De Rinzy, 
l\Iatron. Among its life members are the most prominent men in 
Ottawa. The Bronsons, the Bates, (all of the family, father and 
sons), J ohn 
I. Garland, J. R. Armstrong, W. Y. Soper, Chas. 
McNab, Thos. Birkett, 11.P., Thos. Keefer, G.C.:M.G., David :J\Ic- 
Laren, George Orme, Edward Seybold, G. B. Pattee, Abram 
Pratt. There are now thirty-four old men at the home. This was 
originally the old l\lutchmore homestead. 
Central Canada Exhibition Grounds, 
are immediately opposite the Old l\len's Home. 
Growth of Ottawa. 
The growth of Ottawa may be seen in a marked way by the 
many new store rooms being built on Bank street. 

Theodore Street Trip. 


Iinister, Sir Wilfrid Laurier, has his residence on 
Theodore, which fact alone would bring many a 
isitor to see this 
street, but when it is remembered that parts of It are among the 
most beautiful in Ottawa none should miss taking the trip, which 
is taken in loop-fashion. 'Several lines of cars go over this route, 
but the best way we found to see it was to take the Somerset car 
going east-get on anywhere along Sparks street going toward 
the Russell House. From Sparks which (as before said) is 
Rideau street, east of the bridges, the car turns south five blocks 
through Nicholas to Theodore, which is l\laria street west of the 
Bridge, which on this street, crosses the canal. "Rube" said the 
Colonel that day, apropos of this double naming of streets and 
things, in Canada, "J wonder why they do it anyhow?" 
"I don't know, Colonel, unless they are afraid they will lose 
the names if they don't use them, so when they find a name they 
like real well, they just hang it up on one end of an already named 
street until they need it elsewhere, and as they like a good many 
real well, they have the good many hung up for further use." 
"There's one thing, Rube, about Ottawa, it can use all Its 
streets as well as the names. Now take-, I've seen streets 
that town with as many as four names stuck up, and if one were 
going through with a load one would get stuck too. before one 
reached the further end. My eyes, Rube, wa'nt them streets 
awful !" 
"Yes, Colonel, but you must remember that the Aldermen in 
that town could not afford to givCJ good streets. By the time they 
had what they needed for themselves there wasn't anything left for 
dirty ole streets. I wonder, Colonel. what would cure all this, 
make honest men out of the Alderman and streets in that town 
passable ?" 
"The COllrt House and Jail!" broke in the conductor, as he 
pointed out a large stone building at the corner of Daly and 
Nicholas, up which latter street we had just turned from Rideau. 
As we looked at this large structure the Colonel's only comment 
was, "Apropos!" I neglected to ask him at the time, what he 
meant, and by the time I did remember, he had forgotten. 
These buildings, with the prison yard, extend two blocks to 
Wilbrod street. The Registry Office is to the right across from 
the Court House. The University of Ottawa, with its mam 
building to the right and museum and Science hall to the left, is 
well worthy a visit. It is the school of the Oblate Fathers, with Rev. 
Father Emerv as Rector or President. A shtue of the foundèr 
( 18 4 8 ) of thé University, stands in the yard of the main building, 
Rev. Father J. H. Tabaret. 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

N ext, a block east on Wilbrod, at Cumberland, is St. Joseph 
church, Rev. Father Murphy, priest, in charge. This church has 
a most magnificent electric altar lighting system. 
\Ve go back to Nicholas, turn south one block to Theodore. 
If the day is fine I would advise you to get off the car and leisure- 
ly stroll along east, for a few blocks as there are so many places of 
note, that you should take your time. The old Rideau skating rink 
-the fashionable skating rink of the city, is to the right, after 
passing \i\Taller, and at the south-west corner of Cumberland is the 
Juniorate of the Sacred Heart, connected wih the University. It 
is a boys' school, with our old friend Father Jeanette, formeríy 
of Lachine, as Superior. 1fany good stories are told of this gen- 
ial Father, apropos of his youthful appearance. I once made aa 
extended railway journey with him-a more delightful companion 
one could not ask. 
N ext across Cumberland is Sacred Heart church, a fine stone 
building. It is also under the Oblate Fathers, with Rev. Father 
X. Portelance as priest. We soon come to King street, which just 
here, looking north, is very pretty. 
On the north east corner of King is seen the cannon-guarded 
residence of Colonel L. F. Pinault, Deputy 11inister of 11ilitia 
and Defence. 
At 221 Theodore resides the popular commander of the 43rd 
Regiment, Colonel S. 1\1. Rogers; at 245 lives l\Iajor Alphonse Be- 
noit, Secretary of the Militia Department, and in the same block 
265, is the home and spacious grounds of the Chief Justice of 
Canada, Sir Elzear Taschereau. At Russell street is one of the 
finest residences in Ottawa, that of 11r. George Goodwin, a large 
That beautiful stone church to the right at the next street- 
Chapel-is All Saints, Anglican, Rev. A. W., :\,fackey, rector. To 
Mr. H. N. Bate, a leading Ottawan, is largely due this fine 
temple. The late Mr. Kingsford, the noted historian, lived on the 
southwest corner of Chapel and Theodore. Opposite on the north 
east corner is the home of the Premier, Sir \Vilfrid Laurier, next 
east, is the fine residence of lVlr. J. C. Edwards, of the W. C. 
Edwards Lumber Company. The large square house, setting far 
back, is the Japanese Consulate. :iVIr. Tatsz-Goro N osse is the 
Consul-General. He is a very able man,! and especially p.opular in 
Canada. Beyonè the Consulate comes Stadacona Hall, the park 
encircled stone residence of Sir Frederick W. Borden, Minister of 
 and Defence. Following on the same side of the street are 
the homes of 'Mrs. 1\largaret Christie, Major Edw. T. H. Heward; 
Louis A. Audette, Registrar of the Exchequer Court of Canada; 
Hon. Louis P. Brodeur, 11inister of Inland Revenue; Joseph 
Pope, c.l\f.G., Under Secretary of State and Deputy Registrar 

Theodore Street Trip. 


General; next is seen the flower grounds of the beautiful hOl?e of 
John l\Iather, capitalist; B. IVI. Armstrong, Controller Ratlway 
IVlail Service; and last, on this street resides Colonel R. W. 
Rutherford, Asst. Adj-Genl. for Artillery of the Department of 
Militia and Defence. 
To the right beyond All Saints church we pass the home of 
\V, H. Fraser, lumberman, the next on the corner of Goulborune 
Ave., we do not pass without stopping to admire the beautiful 
flower grounds of Chas. C. Cunningham, one of the winners of the 
Lady 1\linto flower garden prizes for, 1903. The last house, occu- 
pying a block, is the tree-embowered residence of VV m. H. Davis, 
one of Ottawa's great contractors. Looking south on Chapel, 
Blackburn and Goulbourne, we see the homes of other prominent 
citizens. Here we find Jas. W. Woods, of whose beautiful art 
gallery I have spoken; George Brophy of the Public Works De- 
partment, 1\Iajor Robert BrÜ\.vn, of the Princess Louise Dragoons, 
D. IV!. Finnie, manager of the Bank of Ottawa; John W. Borden, 
brother of Sir Frederick \Villiam Borden, Edw. C. Grant, son of 
Sir James Grant; A. G. Tagge, a talented young American engin- 
eer, On Blackburn Avenue resides lVlr. P. E. Bucke, relative of 
Lord Kitchener, IVlrs. Bucke, being a sister of Lad" La Touche, 
wife of Sir Joseph Diggs La Touche, a Governor of India. She is 
also connected with the famous "Strickland Sisters" to whose 
writings Canada is so much indebted. 
Colonel Sydney C. D. Roper, of the Governor-General's Foot 
Guards, is also a resident on Theodore. 
\Ve have now reached the turn at Charlotte street. The loca- 
tion is here rather an elevation with pretty views to east and south. 
You look to the south over Strathcona Park, bt1t little more than a 
name yet marks it. The Driveway Commission are soon to turn 
it into a beauty spot, well worthy its great name. 
You turn north to Rideau street through Charlotte, the first 
house to the left, No. 286, is the residence of a member of the 
Dominion :Ministry, the Hon. Sydney Fisher, minister of Agricul- 
ture. N ext is the home of a former' Montreal merchant, F. King- 
ston, \Vithin a block or two on vVilbrod east and west from Char- 
lotte are the homes of very many of Ottawa's prominents. Here 
to the east, we find the magnificent residence of .l\1r. A. \V. Fleck, 
Secretary-Treasurer of the Canada Atlantic. Immediately oppo- 
site at the point where Wilbrod abruptly ends-a view from 
which, looking to the east across the Rideau, flowing far beneath 
the viewpoint is very pleasing-stands another charming home, 
that of J. St. Denis Lemoine, Sergeant-at-arms and clerk of 
French journals in the Senate. 
.l\1r. Lemoine is a relative of our dear old friend, Sir 
James 11. Lemoine of Spencer Grange, Quebec, whose very 
name ever brings delight in the memory of an ideal summer, to 

3 0 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

which he added so much of joy. Nearby are the homes of the 
Right Reverend Charles Hamilton, Bishop of Ottawa, and 1'Ir- 
F. A. lVfcCord, law clerk of the House of Commons. On either 
corner of Wilbrod and Charlotte, reside Napoleon Belcourt, 
Speaker of the House, to the north, and Edward R. Cameron, Re.. 
gistrar of the Supreme Court, to the south. 
Here reside so many prominents, that to give them all 
would be like handing you a directory to read. In this localitj 
of Wilbrod, Stewart and Daly Avenue are the homes of Sir Sand- 
ford Fleming, "The Father of the Pacific Cable"; Philip D. 
Ross, editor and president of the Evening Journal, a numqer of 
the well-known Bate family, to whom a great deal is due for the 
beauty of this portion of Ottawa; Archibald Blue, Census Com- 
missioner; Professor J as. W. Robertson, Commissioner of the 
Agriculture and Dairying Department; A, B. Brodrick, manager 
of the :Molson's Bank; ,l\Iartin 1. Griffin, Librarian of Parliament; 
Judge Desire Girouard, of the Supreme Court; the Hon. W m. 
lVfacDougall, C.B., K.C., P.C., the oldest one of the surviving 
"Fathers of Confederation", of whom there are so few remaining; 
J. l\Iortimer Courtney, Deputy :l\Iinister of Finance; Rev. Father 
J. E. Emery, rector (president) of the University of Ottawa: 
J ames White, the most noted geographer in Canada; R. B. Whyte, 
president of the Horticultural Society; Benjamin Suite, lyrical 
poet and noted historian; Hugh and S. H. Fleming, sons of Sir 
Sandford; Hal. B. lVfcGivern, a rising young barrister; Sir Adolp
Caron, barrister; the Hon. R. W. Scott, Secretary of State; lVfajor 
Charles Elliot, of P.L.D.G.; Dr. Geo. Johnson, Dominion statisti- 
cian; Colonel Frederick White, Comptroller of the North West 
lVfounted Police; John lVfcGee, Clerk of the Privy Council; Co!. 
Louis W. Contlee, of Supreme Court; A. D. de Celles, librarian 
of Parliament; Colonel Victor B. Rivers, of Militia and Defence; 
Dr. Provost, a well-known surgeon; the Misses Hay, daughters 
of the late Sir James Hay; A. Taillon, manager of the Banque 
N ationale; Prof. Grey, professor of elocution in the Ottawa Uni- 
versity, a cousin of the next governor-general, Earl Grey; J. J. 
Gormully, K.C.; Colonel F. Gourdeau Deputy Minister of lVfarine 
and Fisheries; John Thorburn, M.A., LL.D., Librarian of the Geo- 
logical Survey; Col. John Macpherson; Col. B. H. Vidal, of Mili- 
tia Department; Col. A. L. Jarvis, of G.G.F.G. Looking east 011 
Stewart street is seen the beautiful house of Wm. 1\1:. Southam, 
director of the Citizen, and on Daly Avenue, the residence of the 
late Charles E. Moss, an artist of whose work, both Canada a.s 
well as ourselves, are justly proud; Jas. Gibson, a prominent 
manufacturer lives nearby and Henri G. Lamothe of 
Crown Ch?ncery. Still we find others of general inter- 
est in the Sandy Hill section. At 161 Daly was the former home 
of the famous Colonel Thos. Evans,1 C.B., of l\1anitoba. It is now 

Theodore Street TriP. 

3 1 

occupied by his sisters, the :\Iisses Evans; the venerable Jas. J. 
Bogert; Colonel Eugene Fiset, Surgeon-General of the Canadian 
Militia; Harvey C. H. Pulford, the famous all round athlete, who 
was once a member of three teams in different branches of sports 
that one year held the world's championships; G. \V. Seguin, city 
collector; Thos. G. Rothwell of the Interior Department; Colonel 
Frederick Toller, of the Finance Denartment; \Vm. L. Scott, 
Master of Chancery; Alex. Simpson, manager of the Ontario 
Bank; ]VI. J. Gorman; Rev. \\1"m. Armstrong, Ph,D., D.D., pastor 
of St. Paul's Presbyterian church; Colonel S. H. P. Graves, late 
of the British Army; l\Iajor C. P. Meredith; Rev. J. T. Pitcher, 
pastor of the Eastern lVlethodist church; Lawrence J. Burpee, the 
well-known writer, and-but why continue, when to give all of 
note would be to hanq you the Sandy Hill directory. 
I have never before seen, in any city, in any land, more people 
of prominence living in so small an area. I may have seen far 
more of wealth, but I care very little for wealth, when it belongs to 
the other man. Among the\ people here given, while there is indi- 
cation of wealth in some really magnificent houses, there is more 
indication of comfort. As Fitz would say in looking at some 
people of millions: "They may have a million, but they are not 
worth it." Here are people of worth, as the positions they have 
earned will indicate. There is little of the "shoddy" and much 
of the real. I 
I have gone more into personal detail than I should, possibly, 
but I wish to show to my American readers, who think of Ottawa, 
as indeed a "by" town, that they have much to learn of this charm- 
ing city of the north; "The Washington of Canada." 
Where Charlotte reaches Rideau is seen the spacious Genera) 
Protestant Hospital. Its officers are: Hon. \V. C. Edwards, presi- 
dent; Geo.,L. Orme, vice-president; T. \V. Kenny, secretary; Jas. 
l\Ianuel, treasurer; Donald l\IcD. Robertson, medical superin- 
tendent. East on Rideau, a short distance, is The Lady 
Stanley Institute, for trained nurses. It is under the same man- 
agement as the hospital, of which it is practically a part. The long 
Brigham or Cummings' Bridge crosses the Rideau river two blocks 
to the east of Charlotte. 
\t Rideau we turn west, back toward the 
city, but as it is a business street, we pass little of note. Before 
reaching Cumberland, on the south side of Rideau, is seen the 
large Convent of the Sacred Heart. It is well worthy a visit. See 
"Higher Education," elsewhere, 
We are now back to our starting point. In some wavs this i3 
one oi the most imp,ortant of all the trips in the city. . 

3 2 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

"Have you been out l\1etcalfe Street?" asked the cheerful 
" No, not any further than the Dominion Church," said I, to 
impress upon his mind that we had found a church as soon as we 
had reached the city. 
" Oh, yes," said the' cheerful,' by way of a bit of pleasantry, 
" the church of the ' rose robe,' which robe has since fallen upon 
another, or rather, would have fallen had it not been relegated." 
"\Vell, I don't think the man we have been hearing there 
needs a robe, much less anybody else's, and the Colonel here says 
he hasn't yet seen any others in Canada quite large enough to fit- 
but you were speaking about the street." 
" vVell, we think Metcalfe hard to beat when it comes to fine 
residences, and you will do well to see it." 
We took his advice that very afternoon, and strolled leisurely 
along, taking a camera with us, thinking to get a house or twO 
worth" taking." It was fortunate that we had seen Topley, and 
laid in a good supply of films, else we would have lrad to send back 
for more before we had gone three blocks. Say, if ever you come 
to Ottawa, go out Fifth Avenue-no, I mean 1\1etcalfe Street- 
and see as many really beautiful homes as you will find in the same 
length in any city that I know. 
At the corner of Gloucester we stepped in to see the " Pro- 
fessor," thinking that he, if anyone, would know" who's who," 
asked: .. Professor, what prominents live on Metcalfe Street?" 
W ell, sir, he just reached over, picked up the directory, turned to 
"Ivletcalfe," and quietly said: .. Just copy these three columns, 
please. Why, man, it's not worth naming them!" And we after- 
wards found that he was right, and not only l\letcalfe, but about 
every street leading out from it were full of "prominents," add 
pretty homes. The beautiful home the Young \Vomen's Christian 
Association and Domestic Science are at 133, and at the next cor- 
ner, at Gloucester, is the St. George's Anglican Church, Rev, J. 
1\L Snowden, rector. 
On 1\1etcalfe are many of national prominence. Hon. Clifford 
Sifton, 1\1inister of the Interior, and Superintendent-General of 
Indian Affairs, resides here, as do Hon. \Vm. S. Fielding, Minister 
of Finance, R. L. Borden, 1\1.P., Leader of the Opposition, Hon. 
Joseph 1. Tarte, M.P., Thomas Birkett, l\I.P., D. 1\Iurphy, 11.P.P., 
C. Berkeley Powell, M.P.P., Lady Ritchie and others. There 
are here the beautiful residences of many lumbermen, which is 
Ottawa's term for" millionaire." They don't speak of wealth as 
we do; they simply say: " He is a lumberman," and I know what 
they mean. I wish this had applied in my country, for I was 
once a lumberman myself. Yes, go out Metcalfe. In some of 
the pictures taken on this street-that is, if they turn out to be 

Lord Strathcona. 


pictures-you will see a number of little girls. They wanted to 
" get in the book," and I wanted to have them, I love little girls, 
and never can get too many of them in my books. I may forget 
the houses, but the little girls never, for they are very verv dear. 


On which once lived one of Canada's greatest statesmen- 
Sir John A. 1Ylacdonald-has some beautiful homes, and many 
men of national prominence, Sir John's home is occupied by the 
Wheeler sisters, relatives of one of our Vice-Presidents, Wheeler, 
and also of our well-known poet and popular writer, :l\Irs. Ella 
Wheeler \Vi1cox, whose works we all so delight in. Sir John's 
later home was "Earnscliffe," on 1'lcKav Street, at the foot of 
Dalhousie Street, which overlooks the Ottawa, not far from one 
branch of the Rideau River, where it enters the Ottawa. It may 
be seen from the steamer" Empress," shortly before the landing 
at Queen's \Vharf. 
Frederick Cook, Ottawa's popular ex-:\'Iayor, has his resi- 
dence on O'Connor. Here is the home of the Honorable Andrew 
G. Blair, late lvIinister of Railways and Canals; Honorable Sir 
Richard J. Cartwright, K.C.l\LG., iviinister of Trade and Com- 
merce lives on O'Connor. Here we find" the gentleman from 
Vancouver," R. G. l\1acpherson, M.P., Richard Blain, l\1.P., and 
A. T. Thompson, M.P. 

Lord Strathcona and Mount RO'j'al. 
Next to the Bank of Montreal, corner of O'Connor and Wd- 
lington, we find another one of the many homes of Lord Strath- 
cona, a man whose peers are few. It was my pleasure, while in 
Ottawa, to be granted an interview with this truly great man- 
great in the vast works he has done, not only for Canada, but the 
British Empire. His manner is so cordial that while you may 
know his greatness, he does not make you feel. for one moment, 
your own humility, as so many little "Nothings" or "Accidentals" 
would try to make you feel. 
Victoria Chambers stands opposite, at the South-east comer of 
O'Connor and VV' ellington Streets. It was here that King Ed- 
ward, when Prince of \Vales,' stopped in 1860. 
At Sparks and O'Connor are four important corners. Here 
to the east is the Bank of Nova Scotia, to the west the Dominion 
Census Office. Across Sparks to the east is one of the most 
prominent department stores in Ottawa, Bryson & Graham's, and 
to the west L. N, Poulin's store. 
The Young Men's Christian Association is at 37 O'Connor, 
at the corner of Queen. R. J. Farrell is its efficient secretary. At 


Ottawa} The Hub. 

Queen and O'Connor, to the right, is another important corner. 
Here is one of the places the tourist should not fail to visit. It is 
The National Art Gallery. 
There is here a large collection of fine oil paintings, well worth 
seeing. In the same building is the Dominion Fisheries Exhibit, 
but possibly what will most interest the many is 

The Ottm,\Ja Fish Hatcher)'} 
especially if the" many" come while the millions of little fish are 
busy getting ready for the rivers, brooks and lakes of the Do- 
minion, to which they are to be sent as soon as large enough. This 
is but one of the fourteen hatcheries in the Dominion. J onn 
\,v alker is in charge. It is interesting to hear John tell of how 
the eggs procured at Wiarton, on Georgian Bay, are put into the 
" troughs" in November and hatched in :May. 
On the opposite corner is the large wholesale dry goods house 
of John 1\1. Garland Son and Company. Mr. Garland, as before 
mentioned, is President and Director of The Perley Home on 
Wellington Street. He is also a Director of The Old :Men's Home. 
In his business ability, and the good he does" on the side," we 
cannot but think of him as another A. T. Gault, whose memory is 
a pleasure, and whose loss to ,Montreal is a sorrow, for he was a 
man beloved for his goodness of heart and real worth to the city 
and Dominion, a sort of man of which the world has too few, and 
I love to note the few as I pass. ., 'Tis not the gold a man leaves, 
that perpetuates his name, nor what gold has bought, but the 
goodness of heart that prompted the gifts during life, or bequests 
when the end comes." 


Cartier Street from Lisgar-it starts at Lisgar-to 1\Iinto 
Park, is one of the finest residential streets in Ottawa. There are 
here some really beautiful houses, with large well-kept grounds. 
Like ,Metcalfe Street, one needs but to take the directory and read 
consecutively the names of the men of prominence. Here we find 
Charles :ì\lagee, ex-President of the Bank of Ottawa, and Yke- 
President of the new Crown Bank of Canada; John Coates, civil 
engineer; Edward Seybold, whose castle of red sandstone is D05- 
sibly the finest house in Ottawa; Dr. J. Sweetland, the Sheriff of 
Carleton County; Edward "Moore, lumberman; Fred. Avery, the 
Treasurer of Hull Lumber Company; Newell Bate, of Bate & Co.; 
H. K. Egan, capitalist; J. R. Booth, several times "lumbennan," 
railway and steamship magnate; Walter C. 1\1ackay; Fred. \V. 
Powell, manager of the Rideau Lumber Co. ; Dr. Frederick ::\lonti- 
zambert; and-but, see for yourself. 

I mprO'l.'ement Commission. 


Reached by the Albert line of cars, is another street wIth 
H Beauty Spots." These are especially seen at the extreme north 
end, where are the really beautiful homes of the Bronsons- 
Erskine H., Frank P., and "\tValter G. This is one of the most 
prominent families in the Ottawa Valley. They are large manu- 
facturers. l\lr. Ward C. Hughson, lumberman, has here a beauti- 
ful home, with one of the finest situations in the city. It occupies 
the block north of Queen Street. Charles 
lacnab, clerk of Car- 
leton County, has his home in this locality. 
At Concession, north-east corner of lVlaria, are the pretty 
grounds and residence of the family of the late Hon. Francis 
Clemow, and on the south side of l\laria, at Concession, are the 
pretty homes of Harold K. Pinhey, capitalist, and Thomas Ahean1
President of the Ottawa street car system. His is the large stone 
mansion on the corner, with the spacious well-kept grounds-the 
highest point in Ottawa. At the north-west corner is the resi- 
dence of Alexander Fleck, a large manufacturer. 
At Lisgar and Concession is the .McPhail Baptist Church, 
Rev. Ira Smith, pastor. 
These are but illustrations. The city is full of pretty resi- 
dence streets, but that of which Ottawa has reason to be most 
proud and which pride must grow with the years is the 


What with the pretty walks, tree embowered Ottawa is be- 
coming a veritable beauty spot, and I would have my people 
know it. This will be especially worthy a visit, when the Drive- 
way, of frequent mention, is completed. Only to-day have I fully 
appreciated its beauty. I leisurely walked along through its miles 
of flower borders, here a miniature park, there a lakelet spanned 
by a rustic bridge with ever and anon new forms of park and 
lakelet, and all so pleasing that I forgot distance in the ever 
changing scenes around me. The rustic work of bridges, ban- 
nistered steps and various forms into which small cedar stems 
were worked, was so marvellous in design that I hunted ou t the 
man who had executed it all. I found him at work on thel Drive- 
way in front of the Papal Delegate's mansion to the west of Bank 
Street, where he was putting up some steps of a design more artis- 
tic than I had ever before seen in rustic work. I had expected 
to find a man living on his reputation, and overseeing others, 
as they did the labor, but instead I found Thomas Craig, a day 
carpenter, working out with his hands the intricate and beautiful 
designs of his brain. He said he was shortly to begin a rustic 
summer house, thirty feet square, a little further along beyond the 
Papal Delegate's grounds. It is all to be of small round pieces 

3 6 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

of cedar, in its natural form, and from his description it will be 
very pretty. Later-It is completed and is even more artistically 
beautiful than I could tell you-for I know of nothing at home 
with which to liken it. 
This is but a running talk on the artistic Driveway. I might 
say, that while eventually it will start from Rideau Hall, it is now 
in driving condition from Elgin Street east along Maria Street 
to the canal, which it practically follows clear around to Dow's 
Lake, thence north along this widening of the canal to a bridge 
or causeway, across which is reached the roadways of the Experi- 
mental Farm, 
If ever you hear an Ottawan saying pretty things of this 
Driveway, take my word he cannot do it justice-you must see it 
This work is under 

The Ottawa I mþrovement Commission, 
a body of men chosen by the Dominion Government for their ripe 
judgment, honesty of purpose, and artistic tastes, chosen from 
among the most prominent business and professional men of the 
city, supplemented by such great Canadians as Sir William Hing- 
ston, the Hon. J. P. B. Casgrain, Montreal; and Hon. F. T. Frost, 
Smith's Falls. 
The Ottawa members of the Commission are: Henry N. 
Bate, Chairman, Joseph Riopelle, Esq., Chartres R. Cunningham, 
Esq., The Mayor of Ottawa, George O'Keefe, Esq., Charles 
Murphy, Esq., Solicitor, Robert Surtees, Esq., Consulting En- 
gineer, Stephen E. O'Brien, ESQ., Secretary. 
" Rube, did you notice the ingenious way by which the lawns 
and flowers along the Driveway are to be sprinkled?" asked the 
Colonel, who is ever seeing things new. 
" Oh, yes; I noticed it. It's the invention of J. L. Flanders. 
a local iron fence manufacturer, who started four years ago on 
nothing but energy, and the way he has gotten up head is a won- 
der, but then he's a born genius. The invention is ingenious, yet 
very simple. The fence along the canal is made of iron tubf's, the 
top one of which is a water pipe, with here and there places to 
attach the sprinkling hose, and there you arc; simple, eh?" 


A verY' pretty carriage drive is out the Commission Driveway 
to Dow's Lake. Cross over the turn bridge, and go up the south 
side of the Rideau Canal to the second lock, where the canal and 
the Rideau River separate. Owing to a rock formation, resembl- 
ing the back of a hog-which formation no one whose imagin- 
ation is at all defective can detect-the place is called" Hog's 

Pretty Streets. 


Back." There is here too'much of beauty for so common a name. 
U Piggyback" would be much prettier, and would carry us back 
to childhood days. To the west, the Ridea,u widens into a lakelet. 
A natural rock dam, supplemented by sluice gates, turns part of 
the river into the canal, while the rest of it goes tumbling over a 
series of small but very beautiful falls or cascades, leaving Lhe 
canal, and roadway alongside, high above the river, which for a 
mile or more below is very pretty, There are at the falls a num- 
ber of bridges, the views from which, looking down over the rocks, 
is very pleasing. The roadway clings close to the canal all the 
way along to the city. We pass Dow's Lake near the C. P. R. 
bridge, beyond which, coming down to the canal and lake, is seen 
the beautiful grounds of the Experimental Farm. This is indeed 
a pretty drive, and should be taken. The river near the falls is a 
summer resort for many Ottawans, who spend weeks of the 
months in tents, whiling the time in fishing and boating, living a 
veritable gipsy life-happy and careless. 


I have made frequent mention of Ottawa's well paved streets. 
The miles upon miles of granolithic sidewalks are especially note- 
worthy and do vast credit to the city. It now has 105 miles of 
the granolithic, IS miles of it having been laid this year. On en- 
quiry, I learned, that streets and sidewalks are made by days 
work, seldom by contract. This is possible if a city can find a 
man capable of superintending labor, and Ottawa has such 
a man. 

Rapid Removal of Snow. 
There is possibly no city in the world in which the handling 
of snow is under so fine a svstem as in Ottawa. Each section of 
the city has its foreman, who at a given telephone signal from the 
Street Commissioner starts men with snow plows, or sleds, and in 
four hours every mile of sidewalk in Ottawa is cleaned ready for 
the most daintily shod lady to walk upon. 
The snow of the streets upon which the cars run must be re- 
moved by the company, not only from their own tracks, but 
that thrown from the sidewalks as well must be carted away by 
them. 'iVhen one sees the size of the load the horses draw away 
and then contrasts that load with the one drawn in a city where 
" boodle" reigns, the difference can hardly be thought possible. 
Look for yourselves, the "bed" here holds over six yards of 
snow, while in the boodle towns the carts hold one yard. The 
" beds" have sides that swing out from hinges and are quickly 
unloaded. The city fathers who drew up the contract with the 

3 8 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

trolley company certainly looked well after the city's interest. 
On many of the side streets the snow is drawn to the centre by 
ordinary road making machines and then rolled by a wide heavy 
roller, making most excellent road beds for sleighing. Fra
Leamy has invented a number of snow handling devices. Es- 
pecially the ,. Leamy razor," which shaves down an ice sidewalk 
to the level. 
No Over-Hanging Signs. 
" Colonel," I asked one day, ., what do you notice as peculiar 
in looking up or down an Ottawa business street ? " " You 
mean what do I not notice. The absence of the over-hanging 
sign is what helps to give the streets of the Capital the bright, 
clear appearance VI,-e have so often remarked." 
The Colonel had guessed it. Kot an over-hanging sign is to 
be seen in Ottawa, and if you have never seen a c
ty without them 
you would not believe the pretty effect it gives to a street. 


The Colonel and I had not been in Ottawa two days before we 
remarked the many pretty flower gardens we saw everywhere, not 
alone about the homes of the rich, but some of the most beautiful 
of them were the gardens of the cottage. Elsewhere I have told 
you of the miles of beautiful Driveway the embryo of a system 
which eventually will make this one of the most charming cities 
on the continent. 
We at once sought the why, as we knew there must be a rea- 
son for it all. \Ve soon were let into the secret. .. A few vears 
ago," began the ever obliging citizen, " a very few years. ago, 
Ottawa was no more beautiful than many another Canadian city. 

Lady Minto's Prizes. 
Lady Minto, with her quick eye for the artistic, or its lack rather, 
began in her quiet, unostentations way to create an interest in 
beautifying the homes, and in three years has brought about the 
change. " 
"How did she go about it? This is interesting. Tell us 
how, in so short a time, so much of beauty could be wrought?" 
" Well, she offered prizes, both of money and medals, for the 
best flower gardens about the homes. There were many com- 
petitors, and each competitor in a neighbourhood soon had emula- 
tors, and in three years the whole city has taken up the raising of 
flowers, some more and some less, but all parts of the city are in- 
terested, and the interest is growing. You will scarcely see, in 
any part of Ottawa, an unkempt lawn. They do not all grow 

Lady Minto Prizes. 


flowers, but they do keep busy the lawn mower, as you must have 
" Yes," said the Colonel, "they certainly do keep the lawn 
mower running wherever there is any grass. Why, I do believe 
they would run it in the school-house yards if there was any grass 
there to mow." 

Grassless School Yards. 
"Now, see here, 1\1r. (he was a stranger, and called the 
Colonel" 1\1r."), don't you go to poking your fun at our barren 
school-house grounds; we feel bad enough about them without 
strangers making it any worse. Our School Board pays so much 
attention to the ear, that they have no time for the eye, and think 
if the children are taught the practical, that they can learn of the 
beautiful at their homes. 
" We know all that, that is, all of us but the School Board, 
who don't believe in making' one blade of grass grow where there 
was nothing before,' as Shakespeare would say, or was it Shakes- 
peare ?" 
" Yes, it must have been," said the Colonel, " as in his days 
school boards believed in grass and trees and flowers and things 
beautiful, and would have been ashamed of anything so disreput- 
able as an Ottawa school yard, with its piles of cord-wood and 
" Hold on with criticism, unless you have a remedy. Our 
Board say they have no money to spend on grass and flowers." 
The Colonel was quite as ready with a remedy as with his 
criticism, and proceeded to give it. ,. They dont' have to have 
money. Why, I know a school yard down at Bronxville, New 
York-which is only a little hamlet-where the teachers got up a 
festival or something of the sort, and raised money enough, not 
only to fix up the grounds, but to keep them in order during the 
summer vacation, and it never cost the Board a dollar. This is 
but an instance." 
I don't know how long they might have run on, had I 110t 
stopped them to ask of the old citizen more about the Lady 'Minto 
plan for beautifying Ottawa, which, in a few words was this: A 
committee of three of the most capable horticulturists was select- 
ed. They were R. B. Whyte, President of the Horticultural 
Society, and most eminent in floriculture; Professor W.T.1\Iacoun, 
Dominion Horticulturist; and Alderman (elected Mayor while \ve 
were in the city) J. A. Ellis. Four surprise visits to the gardens 
of the competitors are made, in June, July, August and Septem- 
ber, in order to see the flowers in their proper season. A syst
of marking has been adopted, 60 points is the highest possible (20 
for floral display, 20 for artistic arrangement, 20 for general 
effect), and the winners are those who receive the highest number 
of points over a given percentage. This year ten will receive 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

prizes. They are, in their order: W. G. Black, Alex. Lumsden, 
Lady Aylmer, Tas. Hagan, Mrs. Peter Whelen, G. A. White, Jas. 
Thorne, J. E. Northwood, C. C. Cummings, and Samuel Short. 
:Many people who read of this competition will picture to them- 
selves large gardens, with plenty of room for effect, and wiI] be 
surprised, like the Colonel and I were, to learn that the garden of 
:Mr. Black-who came within 24 points of the possible-is 34 feet 
wide, and 128 feet deep, but every foot has been utilized in such 
a way that the effect is marvellously beautiful. Some of them arc 
far smaller even than :Mr. Black's. The variety seen in some of 
these gardens is surprising for numbers, and diversity. In that 
of Mrs. Peter Whelen, besides roses and flowers innumerable for 
kinds, were fruits from apples to oranges growing, and 

A Canadian Orange Grove 
maturing. It was a sight to see little orange trees in Canaùa, 
laden with blossoms up to the ripe orange, and near by peanuts 
growing. Why, we could almost believe ourselves" 'Way down 
in Alabama!" instead of away up in the Capital of a country we 
once thought of as " Icy Canada." The orange trees are taken in 
during the winter. I tell this that those of you who are not aware 
of my strict regard for truth, might not believe my story of the 
"Orange Grove." Hereafter-let me remark-I will not explain 
things, so remember this: " I never state a fact that is not so." 
I have written of this good work of Lady Minto's at more 
length then I had space to spare, but, like Black, I've crowded it 
a little, that my readers, in far away cities, may see how they may 
beautify their grounds, however small those grounds. 
If Lady Minto had never done a thing in Canada than create 
as she has, a desire to beautify the homes, and thereby the city, 
she has done a good work; but when we think of this being only 
one of the many works of this active lady, we cannot but feel what 
Canada will lose on the retirement of Their Excellencies. 

Horticultural Society. 
I have not space to tell you that there is another reason for 
Ottawa becoming a floral city. If I had, I would say that the 
Horticultural Society, under the wise guidance of such men as 
1,,1r. R. B. Whyte, is doing a great work. It had really prepared 
the ground and sown many seeds for the deft hand of Lady Minto 
to start cultivation. This Society has outgrown those of all other 
Canadian cities, and has not only increased in numbers, but the 
interest of its members. In interest, I know of no like Society in 
our own country to equal it. If we do not stir up, the" Land of 
Snows" will become" The Flower Garden of America," and put 
us in the shade-of their floriculture. 

Lady Minto Prizes. 

4 1 

Personally, Mr. White has offered prizes to the school chil- 
dren, furnished seeds, and in many ways stimulated them to grow 
flowers, with the result that 80 children brought flowers, of their 
Ðwn growing, to a flower show held in a large hall, in September. 
Lovers of the beauty in nature, come and learn of Ottawa. 

The Ottawa Field Naturalist Club 

Is also doing a good work, more especially with the young, in 
creating in them the love of all nature, not alone flower love, but 
interest is created in geology, ornithology, zoology and archæology. 
To hear some of the Ottawa children talk" Ologies," you'd think 
this was our" Hub," Boston. 
This club is under the patronage of Lord Minto, who, like 
Lady Minto, takes much interest in the finer sentiments of the 
city. Professor W. T. Macoun is President. Its membership 
comprises many of the best minds in Ottawa. The club issues a 
very readable publication along the lines of its work. 

Only a Suggestion. 
The competitor for the Lady Minto prizes should not be per- 
mitted to take first prize more than one time. He or she would 
then step off into a class even more honorable than that of a com- 
petitor. It would encourage all to strive to get into this class 
and remove any jealousy that naturally might arise in seeing one 
or two getting the first prize year after year. Again, it would 
put all in this first prize class upon their honor, to keep up the 
beauty of their gardens, and these gardens would be object lessons 
for the rest. As it now is conducted, those failing to win, will in 
time become discouraged and drop out and the competitors be- 
come fewer instead of the number being added to, which growth 
is the real object of the competition. 


Since Champlain's first trip up the Ottawa, past where now 
stands the beautiful Capital of the Dominion, nearly three cen- 
turies have come and gone. It was in 1613, five years after he 
had founded Quebec, that this intrepid voyageur passed up the 
river. With his name are those of Etienne Brulé, Nicolas Du 
Vignau, and Father Le Caron, and following on to 1650, in regu- 
lar order, are Fathers Viel, Poulin, Sagard, and 24 others, who 
established missions and preached to the Indians throughout the 
Upper Ottawa and the Great Lakes countries. There came dur- 
ing this period many voyageurs, such as Jean Nicolet, Duplessis 
Bochart, Médard Chouart, Pierre Boucher, and Charles Lemoine. 
In 1650 Nicola Gatineau, a clerk in the" 100 Company," gave 
his name to the wildly-beautiful river that enters the Ottawa at 
the Capital. 
Bishop Laval was the first to receive land on the Ottawa. He 
was given a large grant near where Papineauville now stands. 
In 1761 Alex. Henry visited the Chaudiere Falls. He was, 
no doubt, the first English speaker 'who ever came up the river, 
He was the great grandfather of Mr. N. W. Bethune, telegraph 
manager, and even a more distant relative of Cecil Bethune, 
Secretary of the Board of Trade. 
This brings us hurriedly down to 


Of necessity I can but give a point here and there along the 
way, as links in the chain binding the eighteenth with the twen- 
tieth centuries, the one with its primitive hardships, the other with 
its ease, comforts and politics. 
1799.-Philemon Wright comes to town, to spy out the land from 
the tree tops. He came to settle, with a small colonv 
from W oburn, Mass. Came in 1800. 
1800.- Indian war dance on Parliament Hill, another one looked 
for when" that" Bill passes. 

Some Old Ones. 


1803.-Philemon Wright began cutting raft of timber, and in 
1&:>6-took it down the river to Quebec. He was the first rafter 
in town. 
1807.-Philemon vVright grafted some wild apple trees on Parlia- 
ment Hill. They do say that there has been considerable 
wild " grafting" done in that same locality, but none of 
late years. 
1809.-Captain LeBreton builds first grist mill. 
181 I.-One Honeywell built a house above Chaudiere Falls. New 
names added to the directory: Thompson, l\loore, Mc- 
Connell, Holt, Fellowes. 
1814.- The British Government began this year to talk of a canal, 
which became the Rideau, and also of a canal that will be 
the Georgian Bay-when built, and that 
c;ill not be -:Jery 
long in the tutltre
 if Canada is wise. 
1814.-August 14th. A noted French traveller, Gabriel Fran- 
chere, passed the falls, Chaudier and Rideau. He spoke 
of the Rideau as " 2S by 30 feet high." I had seen so 
many estimates of the height of this waterfall that I set 
about learning the actual measurement. On inquiry I 
could find none who knew, all being content with esti- 
mates from 2S feet to 60 feet. To determine, I measur- 
ed them (Sept. 7th) by means of a weight tied to the 
end of a tape line. I played boy, unshod, and waded out 
to the very edge of the rock, where but little water was 
falling. Here I dropped the- weight until it touched the 
surface of the water of the Ottawa. It 'was just 41 feet. 
\Vhen the Rideau is swollen, as much as seven to ten 
feet might be added to the measurement. 
1816.-Nicholas Sparks came over from Ireland. He was not 
met at the Central Station by the Governor General's 
Foot Guards' band, as he should hav
 been, and no doubt 
would have been had Joe Brown known of it in time, but 
Nicholas being of a retiring nature, had not telegraphed 
Joe he was coming-a bit a negligence on Sparks' part, 
1819.-Ralph Smith was the first to settle in town. The historian 
does not state at which hotel he stopped, the Russell or 
the Grand Union, but in either case it is pleasant to know 
that he settled. It speaks well for Smith. P.S.-" No, 
this is not Ralph, the member for British Columbia; he 
would not have settled-in Ottawa. 
1819.-" The "Cnion," first steamer up the Ottawa. 
1821.-In 1900, l\Ir. Francis N. A. Garry, the grandson of Nich- 
olas Garry-after whom Fort Garry, at Winnipeg, was 
named-found his grandsire's diary of his trip, by canoe, 
from l\Iontreal to Winnipeg, in 1821. On J nne 14th, he 
reached the Rideau Falls, of which he wrote: " A beauti- 


 The Hub. 

ful waterfall, the appearance of a curtain. They are the 
Rideau Falls, 60 feet high and 50 yards across." 
Of the Chaudiere, he said: " The imagination can- 
not picture anything so romantic. The beauty of the 
scene is perhaps a little destroyed by the appearance of 
civilization. A 1\lr. \tV right (Philemon), an American, 
has built a little town (Hull), near the Falls, and deal 
mills. " 

1825.-Civil Engineer Clowes surveys for Rideau Canal. 
1 826,-This was an eventful year. Philemon Wright owed 
Nicholas Sparks $400, and not having the money about 
him, made Nicholas take Ottawa in full payment. Sparks 
didn't want it, said he really had no use for it, but Phil 
was obstinate, and said "Take it or wait." As he 
Sparks, had already 'waited a year or two, he unwillingly 
-even weepingly, 'tis said-took the town. He after- 
ward told one of his neighbors that it was the best real 
estate deal he had ever made. 
As soon as the Duke of Wellington recommended 
that the Rideau Canal be built, Phil ran round to tr..e 
Ottawa Bank and borrowed $400, 'which he proffered to 
Sparks, but Sparks, being Irish, refused on principle, and 
kept the town, That same year the canal was started, and 
town lots rose, and ere long Sparks Street was" right in 
town. " 
The above is the commonly accepted story of Ot- 
tawa's purchase by Sparks, but the facts of the case are 
these. John Burrows, who came here in 1813, or as 
some say, 1817, acquired much land where now stands the 
most valuable part of the city. He sold to Sparks the 
land lying between Wellington and Maria Streets, and 
between Concession and what is now known as \Valler 
Street, once Ottawa Street. 
The Clerk, in recording the transfer, being devoid 
of any sentiment, and having heard l\'lrs. Burrows call 
John "Honey," added that to his name, and so the I e- 
cord showed" John Burrows Honey." This has since 
caused the record searchers much trouble, but that they 
may no longer let this bother them, I can say positively 
that his name was simply John Burrows, and that 
"Honey" was only one of Mrs. Burrows' pet names for 
John. Moral-Good wives should never use pet names 
in the presence of non-sentimental Clerks. 
The sale was made and deed passed on June 26th, 
1826, and for some reason was ratified by another 'teed 
on July 14th, 1830. It appears that ,Mrs. Burrows never 
joined in the deed; the only explanation is that the wife 

Some Old Ones. 


did not need to join in the transfer of "wild lands." 
Sparks, a number of years after, fearing lest Ottawa 
might some day not be considered as " wild lands," deed- 
ed to Mrs. Burrows that lot on the south-west corner of 
Sparks and Kent Streets-now occupied by the ].YIassey 
Harris people-for her release of a possible dower. 
John Burrows. 
It may be of interest to know that John Burrows, 
the first settler of Ottawa, was born at Plymouth, Eng- 
land, on :May 1st, 1789, and died in By town (Ottawa), 
July 27th, 1848, was buried in Hull, and afterwards re- 
moved to Beechwood. He came to Canada in 1813, or 
1817, and built a house near the corner of Vittoria and 
Lyon Streets. His house was the home of .I\Iethodism, 
as he was the Father of NIethodism in the Ottawa Val- 
ley. Mrs. Sifton, the wife of Honorable Clifford Sifton, 
:Minister of the Interior, 'is a grand-daughter of John 
Burrows, and one of the few remaining members of this 
famous first settler, of 'whom too little is known. 
First Suspension Bridge built across the Ottawa 
River at Chaudiere Falls, as a result of joint deliberation 
of Lord Dalhousie, Philemon \ V right, Colonel Dunford 
and Colonel By. This bridge was blown down in 1836, 
and the present one is the third. 
I827.-Town named for Colonel By, "By town." The Colonel 
had come out to build the canal. 
Two contingents of the Sappers and :Miners-now 
called Royal Engineers-came to town to build bridges, 
and other canal work. 
Joseph Coombs, a sapper and miner, built the first 
frame house, 351 Rideau Street, which was torn down 
only a year or two since. Before that time the barracks for 
the soldiers, and log cabins and tents for the workers, 
were the domiciles of those then here. Joseph Coombs 
was the first druggist in By town. 
Sir John Franklin, in August, laid the corner stone 
of the Rideau Canal locks. P.S.-" Yes, this was be- 
fore Sir John got lost hunting for the North Pole." He 
should have stayed in Ottawa. This should be, a lesson 
for Captain Bernier. Ottawa is all right; at any rate, 
the Captain will always know" where he's at." 
The Methodists built a church on Rideau, between 
Friel and Chapel Streets, said to have been the first 
church built. The Catholics built a small one, in 1828, 
at the corner of Sussex and S1. Patrick Streets, on the 
site of the present Basilica. Father Haron was the first 
priest, and lived near the church on Sussex. south of St. 

4 6 

Otta'lC'a, The Hub. 

Patrick. The ,l\Iethodist Church was used by other ùe- 
nominations for a number of years. 
John Chitty built the first hotel, corner of Welling- 
ton and Kent Streets. 
This was an important year for Miss Mary Ann 
O'Connor. She was the first white girl born in Ottawa, 
It was a good omen to be thus first, for all through life 
she held that position, doing a world of good up to her 
death in June, 19 0 3. She was married to Henry James 
Friel, mayor in 1854-'63-'68 and '69, which latter year he 
died. He at one time was editor of the Packet, now (he 
Citizen, and was a very popular man. 
1827.-Capt. Thos. J. Jones came to Ottawa this year with his 
father, a member of, the 7th Company of the Sappers and 
:Miners (now called the Royal Engineers), who came to 
build the canal bridges. He was born on the Island of 
Barbados, in 1821, now (1904) 83 years old. He went 
up the Rideau on the first passenger boat, "The 
Pumper," Colonel By and his officers going up ahead on 
the" Gnion." That was in 1833. His last trip was 
made with Lord l\Iinto, 1903, 70 years afterward. He 
says that Lord l\Iinto is the first Governor General to 
make the' trip to Kingston. He can read without glasses, 
and says he was never in better health. He began 
steamboating in 1840, when 19 years old, and for 56 
years never lost a year. He makes occasional trips in 
yachts from here to l\Iontreal via Kingston. 
1828.-Bytown grown to ISO houses. First graveyard (l\'letho- 
dist) started on Sparks Street, at rear of Parker's lye 
works-very appropriate location. 
St. Andrew's Church built. 
1830.-Blaisdels & Perkins, first manufacturers of iron impìe- 
ments in town. 
1832.-Rideau Canal finished. Fortunately, its purpose has never 
been needed, and never 'lCJill be. 
1833.-Street fair held to celebrate the opening of canal. O!1 
occasion there was a fight between the Canalers (ongInal 
Shiners, who were afterwards joined by the Shantymen) 
and the farmers from Carleton. The fight like the fair 
was a "street," and "free" to all, and yet both sides 
said it wasn't fair. Colonel By, being present, said: 
"This is the last 'exhibition' to be held in my time," and 
so it was, as the next one was not held until in the 
l\Iiss Catherine Coombs, now 1\11rs. Tracey, of 221 
Stewart Street, born this year. She is the oldest woman 
living in Ottawa, who was born here. 

Byto'Z(.'1't Incorporated. 


I 836.-Geo. Franklin came to By town. Still living in Ottawa, 
and ninety years old. 
1837.-Rideau Hall built by Hon. Thos. ]\'IcKay, who, with John 
Redpath, built the Rideau Canal locks. He built the 
Hall as a private residence, having purchased 1,000 acres 
of land east of the Rideau River. He founded New 
Edinburgh, now a part of the city. 
1838.-Bible Society started. Office then as now north-west cor- 
ner of Sparks and Elgin Streets. 
By town seems to have gone out of history-making 
after 1838, as the next date we find is 
1842-when the first lawyer came to town, and then trouble be- 
gan, and has kept up ever since. They had to organize 
a fire company that year, first on record. 
1843.-Charles Waterston came from Tipperary direct to Ottawa. 
At ninety, still here (1904). 
Ottawa Collegiate Institute started by Rev. Dr. 
Wardrope-still living, hale and hearty. 
The Institute, in September, 1903, held its 60th 
anniversary. It was called: " The Old Boys' Re-union." 
P.S.-" Oh, yes; it's a girls school too, but the dear girls 
-bless 'em-never grow old, so they had to be guests. 
The Colonel and I 'were guests too. We were given 
seats in front, so that it was impossible to get out when 
the Chairman arose and said: "\Ve will have to begin 
at once, as we have 29 speakers on the programme." 
However, as the "Old Boys" were good talkers, we 
were glad we could not get out. 
The Institute is one of the best in Canada-possibly 
the best one of its kind. 
First Knox Church built on Sandy Hill. 
1844.-April 17th. S1. George's Society organized, and held first 
meeting in Royal Exchange Hotel, Wellington Street. 
H. J. Friel, with Wm. Harris, started a "Packet" 
of news, which, after going from Bell to Bell (Freeland 
to Robert), reformed and became a very good 
" Citizen," in 18SI-and is yet in 
vidence, morning and 
afternoon, with weekly visits. 
" Honest" John Heney came to town this year. 
Union Suspension Bridge opened Sept. 17 th . 
Colonel George Hay, President of the Ottawa Bank, 
came to ßytown in June, from l\Iontreal. He was for 
a considerable time confidential clerk to the Hon. Thos. 
l\lcKay, and has ever since been a prominent figure in 
the growth of village to city of the CapitaL \\Then he 
came, Parliament Hill was "Barrack's HilL" He re- 
members Isaac McTaggart (nephew or brother of John 

4 8 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

McTaggart, who was Colonel By's private secretary), 
taking him around to see the sights. 
In my research I found that one Hay had suggested 
the Seal of Ottawa, and in fact the name of Ottawa for 
the city. On a chance I asked Mr. Hay if he was the 
man, and he modestly admitted that he designed the Seal, 
and had also suggested the name. The" find" was so 
good that I must give it. Being at the time possessed 
of artistic gifts, he was asked by one of the members of 
the city council to design a seal, which he did, and it was 
accepted. Its points were (1) the Canal Locks, (2) 
Lumber Industry, (3) the Union Suspension Bridge, 
uniting the two Provinces, (4) the Ottawa and Prescott 
Railway. The Crest was a broad axe, and the motto: 
" Advance." 
" How did you come to suggest Ottawa as a name 
for the Capital?" 
" Before coming here I clerked in a wholesale :store 
in Montreal. The Hon. Alex. Grant, who then had a 
store at L'Original, would always have his goods marked 
, Ottawa,' so when the question of dropping By town and 
taking up another name came up, this old mark came to 
my mind. I suggested it to Hon. Thos. McKay, and it 
was adopted." 
Mr. Hay tells a good story of a new arrival from 
Scotland. In conversation with an Ottawan (who was 
much interested in him when he learned that the new 
comer was from his own part of Scutlan'), he was ask- 
ed: "Did ye ken a mon by the name 0' -?" "Aye," 
said Sandy, "I kenned him weel. He was a muckle 
mon, but or'fond 0' drenk. Ded ye ken him?" "Aye, 
aye, he was me fayther!" I purposely changed the 
name into a dash, as it-the name-is a familiar one 
To talk to these pioneers is a rare pleasure, and I 
would that I might give more space to reminiscences of 
old times. 
1846.-Samuel Bingham born. 
I 847.-By town incorporated, and John Scott, a prominent lawyer, 
was elected first l\1ayor. Town Conncil: Thos. Cor- 
coran, Nicholas Sparks, N. S. Blaisdel, John Bedard and 
H. J. Friel. First :Member of Parliament, Stewart 
Derbyshire, who defeated William Stewart, who suc- 
ceeded Derbyshire. 
1848.-0ttawa University established by the Right Rev. J. E. 
Guigues, first Bishop of Ottawa. First President, Rev. 
Father Tabaret, O.M.I., D.D. 
18SI.-First City Directory appeared this year. 

Byto'wn Becomes Ottawa. 


18s3.-The Ottawa and St. Lawrence Railway was built. Cp to 
this time all actors had to walk to town. 
Henry Franklin Bronson and sons came here Írom 
.l\Ioreau, N.Y. They soon became leading factors in the 
lumber trade. They were the" pioneers in shipping sawn 
lumber to the States. The sons are still in active busi- 
ness, the Hon. Erskine H. (President of a number of 
Ottawa's great businesses), Frank P. and "Valter G. 
(born in Otta\\'a). 1\1r. Bronson came first in 1848 to 
" spy out the land." He saw the great possibilities of the 
Ottawa as a means of floating logs, and the Chaudiere 
as a power for mill sites. Engineers told him, however, 
that the river could never be used practically.. "Its 
falls are too wild," they said, "and to make it practical 
would require a fortune." 1\1r. Bronson, in those early 
days, had not the fortune, but he had what proved far 
better, grit, courage, and excellent judgment, which he 
exchanged for the fortune. No, not exchanged, for in 
the end he had still all three, and the fortune besIdes. 
He built the first saw mill on the Ontarìo side. He ".vas 
the first to use the iron frame for gang saws. He died 
in 1889. :l\Irs. Bronson, a lady of rare benevolence, is 
still living. To her suggestion (and much " else") the 
city owes the Protestant Orphans' Home on Elgin St. 
This family is always foremost in good works. 
18s4.-City was first lighted by gas. 
18s4.- B ytown assigned to the city of Ottawa, and went out of 
business. E. B. Eddy, " the Industrial King of the Ot- 
tawa Valley," came to Hull from Vermont. Besides 
many other things, he has become the greatest " l\Iatch- 
maker" in the world. P.S.-" No, I don't mean that 
at all r' This last remark was made to a spinster, who 
said she guessed she would go over to Hull while visit- 
ing the city. 
18ss.-Ottawa incorporated as a city. John Bower Lewis, Q.C., 
first :\layor. 
18S6.-D. :l\Iurphy, now l\LP.P., worked his way to town. As he 
came up the river, he noticed that it wasn't being over- 
worked, so he set about getting some barges and steam- 
ers together, until he is now with a fleet of barges carry- 
ing/ down a large part of the lumber sawed hereabouts. 
18s7.-J. R. Booth hand-sawed his way to Ottawa from \Vaterloo, 
Province of Quebec, and has been sawing a little ever 
since. This was a remarkable year. The greatest lum- 
berman of his time-John Egan-died at 47, just as the 
greatest one of all time-in Canada-came in at 31. 
18S7.- Bo ard of Trade organized, with a membership of 50. 
Little was done, however, until in 1891, since which time 


Ottmva, The Hub. 

Ottawa has, with reason, felt proud of possibly the best 
Board of Trade in Canada, They are live, up-to-Jate 
men, as the development of the city can well attest. 
December 31st. H. Labouchere communicated to 
Sir Edmund Head, Governor General of Canada, that 
Queen Victoria had selected Ottawa for the Capital of 
the country. 
1858.-0n March 16th, the Governor General communicated this 
to the Legislative Council. This was not ratified by the 
Canadian Parliament until 1859. 
1859.-Architects for Parliament Buildings, Fuller and Jones, for 
departmental buildings, Stent and Lavers. Builder for 
Parliament Buildings, Thomas 1\lcGreevy, (contract 
price, $348,500). For the departmental blocks, the con- 
tract was taken by Jones and Haycock, for $27 8 ,810. 
The contracts were taken much too low, and had to be 
largely increased. 1\lr. R. H. Haycock, manager of the 
Canada Life Insurance Co., is a son of the builder. He 
remembers when the Prince of \Vales was here in 1860. 
:l\1iss Emily Haycock, his sister, laid the corner stone of 
the eastern block. She still retains the little silver trowel 
and level used on that occasion. 
1860.-The Prince of \Vales-now King Edward VII-laid the 
corner stone of the present magnificent Parliament 
Buildings, in which, on June 8th, 1866, was opened the 
first session. 
Ottawans rode on their first horse car. 
Agricultural Society acquires Lansdowne Park for 
exhibi tion pu rposes. 
1869.-Agricultural Society holds first exhibition. 
1875.-Society holds Provincial Exhibition. In 1879 it took the 
form of a Dominion Exhibition; also in 1884. J. B. 
Lewis, barrister, was the first President, and 1\1r. A. S. 
Woodburn, Secretary. The latter always took much in- 
terest in the Society, being for many years its Secretary. 
1869.-0ttawa Free Press began its efficient work on December 
27th. C. \V. :l\1itchell was editor and prop:-ietor until 
19 0 3, when the plant, grown very valuable, was sold to 
a company, with Alfred Wood as managing director. 
1875.-City Hall built, 
Normal School opened its doors for the first time. 
1882.-0n October 23rd, the Canada Atlantic Railway ran its 
first train from OUa wa west. 
The Langevin Block built by :1\lr. A. Charlebois and 
Mr. F. l\lallette. Thomas Fuller was the architect. 

By town Incorporated. 


188s.-The Ottawa Journal was started by A. S. Woodburn, as 
an independent newspaper, and has continued so ever 
since. It is now the Journal Printing Company, with 
P. D. Ross as managing director and editor. J\lr. \V ood- 
burn was connected with the paper up to the tìme of his 
death in 1904. 
189I.-Up the Gatineau by rail was made possible by the building 
of the Ottawa Northern. 
Horse cars replaced by the electric syste" ,!, 
IS95.-0ttawa held its great winter carnival, and ever since has 
been explaining that ,. It's not so - cold after all!" 
But one carnival was enough. 
1898.-Ex-Ì\Iayor Bingham presented Bingham's Park to the city. 
The same year this generous man made available a block 
for a children's play ground, where the little ones, from 
the richest to the poorest, may come and find every form 
of game for their enjoyment. Such citizens as Ex-Mayor 
Bingham are the real benefactors of a city. Long aiter 
he has gone will the little Ottawans throw up their hats 
and shout: "Three cheers and a tiger for good J\1ister 
Bingham," and if I were there I'd cheer with them! I 
love any man who loves children. 
1900.- This was the year of the great Hull fire, which swept 
across the river (Ottawa), and burned the whole south- 
ern part of the city. 

Mile Stones of a Century. 
The foregoing are but mile stones here and there. There 
are many other mile stones, but the words and figures are so dim 
that even with the aid of all the historical glasses I could find, I 
could not make out the graven records. A new people think of 
" how we shall live " rather than giving any time to recording the 
" how." 

By town lncorporated-Ñ! ayors. 
In 1847 By town had grown to a population large enough for 
incorporation, which was brought about by Wm, Stewart, then 

l. P., having a resolution passed granting the right. 
Following are the mayors of By town, wtih their terms of 
office :- 
John Scott, [847; John Bower Lewis, 1848; Robert Hervey, 
1849; John Scott, 1850; Charles Sparrow, 1851; R. W. Scott 
(now Secy. of State), 1852; Joseph B. Turgeon, 18S3; Henry J. 
Friel, 1854. . 
At the close of this year By town stopped and 


 The Hub. 

Ottaawa born Jan. Ist
f ayors. 
Ottawa started Jan. 1st, 1855. John Bower Lewis became the 
first mayor, serving during 1885-'56 and '57; Edw. :McGillivray, 
18 5 8 and '59; Alexander \Vorkman, 1860, '61 and '62. It was 
during his first term that the Prince of Wales visited Ottawa. In 
honor of this visit the "l\iayor's Chain" was started, and received 
its first link. It has grown to many links. Henry J. Friel was 
again elected in 1863, and again in 1868 and 1869, during 
which last year he died. The next one to take the :IViayor's chair 
was :IVL K. Dickinson, 1864, '65 and '66. He was a remarkable 
man, and one of the great figures of his time. Robert Lyon 
served the city in 1867; then as above Friel, held th
 office for two 
years; John Rochester, I8io and)1 ; E. l\Iartineau, 1872 and '73. 
It was during his term that Goodwin built the Wellington Street 
bridge across the canal. J. P. Featherston served two terms, 1874 
and '75; G. B. Lyon-Fellowes, 1876; \V. H. \Valler, 1877; C. \V. 
Bangs, 1878; C. H. :Mackintosh, 1879, '80 and '81; P. St. Jean, 
:J\I.D., 1882-'83; C. T. Bate, 1884; Francis l\IcDougall, 188 5-'86; 
McLeod Stewart, 1887-'88; Jacob Erratt, 1889-'90: Thos. Birkett, 
the present :J\LP., 1891; Oliver Durocher, I892-'9
: Geo. Cox, 
18 94; Wm. Borthwick, 1895-'96; next came, possibly the most 
unique mayor Ottawa ever had, by reason of his charity and the 
work accomplished during his term, Samuel Bingham, I 897-'gR ; 
T. Payment, 1899--1900; \V. D. l\lorris, mayor up to I I o'clock, 
Ign; Jas. Davidson serving the rest of 1901; Fred Cook, 19 0 :::?- 
'03, and the office is now, 1904, held by J. A. Ellis. 


That is the first question asked about a country, H how is it 
governed?" Canada runs along so smoothly that one almost 
wonders that it is governed at all-you thought, I thought, we all 
thought, that the Queen and then King Edward, ran the affairs 
of this great Dominion, when, as you shall see, the rulers of the 
Home Government only know of the laws made here as they read 
about them as we would read about them. 
King Edward is represented here by a Governor General, 
while the real work of the country is in the hands of the repre- 
sentatives of the people themselves, at the head of which repre- 
sentation is the l\Iinistry, which at present is as follows, 
headed by:- 

The Go'vernor General. 
Governor Genera1.-His Excellency the Right Honourabh
Sir Gilbert John Elliot, Earl of 11into and Viscount 
Melgund of l\1elgund, County of Forfar, in the Peerage 
of the United Kingdom, Baron l\1into of :Minto, County of Rox- 
burgh, in the Peerage of Great Britain, one of His l\1ajesty's most 
Honourable Privy Council, Baronet of Nova Scotia, Knight 
Grand Cross of the 110st Distinguished Order of Saint l\1ichael 
and Saint George, Governor General of Canarla. 

Governor General's Secretary and 1filitary Secretary.-
F. S. 11aude, C.I\I.G., D.S.O.. Coldstrcam Guards. 
Aides-de-Camp.-Captain A. C. Bell, Scots Guards; Captain 
J. H. C. Graham, Coldstream Guards. 
Comptroller of the Household.-Arthur Guise, Esq. 
Private Secretary.-Arthur F. Sladen, Esq. 


Ottawa J ' The Hub. 

The AIinistry. 
(According to Precedence.) 
The Right Honourable Sir Wilfrid Laurier, P.C., G.C.11.G., 
K.C., D.C.L. (Oxon.), President of the King's Privy Council 
for Canada. First AI inister. 
Minister of Trade and Commerce? 
The Honourable Richard \Villiam Scott, K.C., LL.D., Secre- 
tary of State. 
The Honourable Sir Frederick William Borden, K.C.1I.G., 
B.A" 1LD., 11inister of 1:Iilitia and Defence. 
The Honourable Sir \Villiam .11ulock, K.C.I\1.G., K.C.. 1\1.1\. 
LL.D., Postmaster General and 11inister of Labour. 
The Honourable Sidney Arthur Fisher, B.A., 1Iinister OI 
The Honourable William Stevens Fielding, 1\1inister of 
The Honourable Clifford Sifton. K.C., :Minister of the 
The Honourable William Paterson, :l\1inister of Customs. 
The Honourable J ames Sutherland, lVlinister of Public 
The Honourable Charles Fitzpatrick, K.C., B.C.L., :Minister 
of Justice. 
The Honourable vVilliam Templeman (without portfolio). 
The Honourable Joseph Raymond Fournier Préfontaine, 
K.C., B.C.L., Minister of 
1arine and Fisheries. 
The Honourable Henry Robert Emmerson, K.C., 1\1inister of 
Railways and Canals. 
The Honourable Louis Philippe Brodeur, K.C.. LL.B., 
ister of Inland Revenue. 
(The above form the Cabinet.) 
The Honourable Henry George Carroll, K.C., LL.8., 
Solici tor-General. 
High Commissioner for Canada in London, The Right Hon- 
ourable Baron Strathcona and 11011nt Royal. G.C.:\LG., LL.D. 
(Cantab. ) 
This list will shortly, be changed, but the powers that be were 
reticent as to the changes so I must leave it as it now stands, 

Office Holders and H (Y'& They Get There. 



Clerk of the Privy Council, John Joseph McGee. 
Clerk of the Senate, Samuel Edmour St. Onge Chapleau. 
Clerk of the House of Commons, Thomas Barnard Flint, 
lVI.A., LL.B. 
Governor General's Secretary, lIIajor F. S. M:aude, C.M.G., 
Auditor General, John Lorn l\IcDougall, C.M:.G.. l\LA. 

Deputy Heads of Departments. 
Deputy of the !\Iinister of Finance, J olm :Mortimer Courtney, 
eM.G., LS.O. 
Deputy of the !\Iinister of Public \V orks, Antoine Gobeil. 
King's Printer and Controller of Stationery, Samuel Edward 
Dawson, Lit. D., F.R.S.C. 
Deputy of the :Minister of Trade and Commerce, William 
Granis Parmelee, LS.O. 
Deputy of the l\Iinister of Railways and Canals, Collingwood 
Schreiber, C.l\I.G., C.E. 
Deputy of the NIinister of Justice, Edmund Leslie N ew- 
combe. K.C., :M.A., LL.B. 
Comptroller of the North-west M:ounted Police Force, 
Frederick White, C.I\LG. 
Under-Secretary of State and Deputy Registrar General, 
Joseph Pope, C.l\I.G. 
Deputy :Minister of 1Iarine and Fisheries, Francois Frederic 
Commissioner of Customs, J olm l\IcDougald. 
Deputy of the :Minister of the Interior, James A. Smart. 
Deputy Postmaster-General, Robert l\Iiller Coulter, M.D. 
Deputy of the 
1inister of l\Iilitia and Defence, Colonel Louis 
Felix Pinault, C.l\:I.G. 
Deputy of the l\finister of Labour, \Villiam Lyon !\:Iac- 
kenzie King, :M.A., LL.B. 
Deputy of the :Minister of Inland Revenue, \Villiam J oh11 
Deputy of the !\Iinister of Agriculture and Statistics, and 
Deputy Commissioner of Patents, George Finley O'Halloran. 
Deputy of the Supcrintendent General of Indian Affairs, 
Francis Pedley. 
Director of the Geological Survey-Vacant. 


 The Hub. 

The following officers have by Statute the rank of Deputy Head. 
General Librarian of Parliament, A. D. DeCelles, LL.D. 
Parliamentary Librarian, 11. J. Griffin, LL.D. 
Registrar of the Supreme Court, R. E. Cameron, K.C. 
It may be interesting to know something about how officers of 
the country ar


In our country we elect most of our office holders. The most 
popular man among the people gets the" plum." As is too often 
the case, his only ability is that of ., jollying." He can jolly him- 
self into office, and do nothing after he gets there; and again, toO 
often the worst element runs our affairs of Government, especially 
our cities, where the saloon-keeper has far more to say than have 
the best law-abiding citizens. Judges are often selected from this 
class, and they in turn sit in judgment over our better element. 
Ours is indeed a "free country,"-especially for those who, in 
many cases, should not be given so much freedom. Up here the 
better element are the people who are free, and the" hoodlums ., 
have far less to say than with us. \Ve pride ourselves too much 
on the word. W
 roll it (especially the" R") as a sweet morsd. 
" FR-R-R-EED01I! ' I used to roll it too, often, when I came 
up here, and for as much as a whole week boasted of our free in- 
stitutions, and felt sorry for these poor Canadians who were ruh:
by a King, but at the beginning of the second week I found that 
alì the facts that I had been acquiring about Canada during a num- 
ber of years were not so at all. Then, I.looked into their form 
of Government, and learned some more facts, which, in the second 
learning, I found to be correct. 
In speaking thus plainly does not mean that I love my coun- 
try less; it only means that I have less conceit of onr institutions, 
as I find a whole lot of things up here very, very commendabl
and after which we would not lose by following. I used to think, 
and many of you down home still think, that the King arbitrarily 
governs Canada, making or dictating its laws-while, in fact. he 
does not even suggest a law, and in no way governs, as we know 
the word. 
See below how the offices are filled. From an office seeker's 
point of view, Canada is very, very badly run, but for the people, 
Canada has a beautiful system. 
All Judges, from Supreme Court down to County Court, are 
appointed by the Federal Government, and cannot be removed ex- 
cept by Parliament. Police magistrates, notaries and justices of 
the peace, are appointed by the Provincial Governments. Sheriffs, 

$3,800 for Livery Hire. 


and all Clerks of the Court (except Supreme and Exchequer 
Courts, appointed by the Federal), are also appointed by the Pro- 
vincial Government. 
All city and county officials are appointed by the municip:ll 
aldermen and councillors, and do not go out of office on a change 
of aldermen or councillors, but may remain in during good be- 
haviour, so that very few changes ,are made in civic officials. 
The Federal and Provincial appointments are made during 
good behavior, which up here means a life sentence to office. 
Those elected are the members of the Federal Parliament, the 
Provincial Legislatures, city, county and township; aldermen (for 
cities) and councillors (for county and township); also schooi 
The election of municipal aldermen is governed by the laws 
of each province, btÜ the election is usually held once a year. The 
election for Federal members of Parliament is supposed to be held 
every five years, and for the Provincial Parliament every four 
ycars, but it often happens that the elections are held more fre- 
qt 1 ently, for various reasons. The Senate or Upper House of the 
Federal Government is composed of Senators, appointed for 
by the Governor General in Council. Lieutenant Governors (one 
for each province) are also appointed by the Governor in Council, 
for a term of five years, and may be re-appointed. The Governor 
General himself is appointed by the British Government for a term 
of five years, and is paid by the Dominion of Canada, flo,ooo a 
year. He is the only official connection between Canada and the 
British Government, and his salary is all that it costs Canada to 
have the full protection of the 110ther Country, which country has 
even to pay a duty on all dutiable goods sent here. The tie that 
binds the two is one more of sentiment than of anything stronger. 
If Canada should become independent to-day, Great Britain, from 
a financial point, would not lose a dollar. You didn't know this, 
ch? N either did I when I used to feel sorry for poor Canada, 
when I thought of her, as being under a monarchy. It is to smile 
when I now think of her as, in many ways, more of a free govern- 
ment than we are. I am sure that we are more governed by (lat\
Europeans than is Canada, and especially so by those Europeans 
who have so little governing rights at home, none, in fact, at 
home, and all-with us-they choose to take, and that is " everv- 
thing in sight." Vide New York City. Yea, verily, ours is a 
free cmmtry-for the newcomers-and yet we should feel thank- 
ful that they can't take our Presidency. They would have 
that long ago, but for the wisdom of the Fathers. 

CQ1tadian Elect1'ons. 
Elections are not always held at stated times, as with us. 
Election day is often set arbitrarily. Sometimes these elections 
create great interest. Just now one is on for this week, in a 


 The Hub. 

county a few miles to the west. It is for a single member of the 
Ontario Legislature. No other office is to be filled, but there is 
more excitement over that one than we would often see over the 
election of a President. "You're another." "You'd burn your 
grandmother's barn." "You stole that money, and you can't deny 
it." And many such terms of affectionate regard are bandied as 
freely as compliments at an old ladies' quilting party. One maD. 
says on the platform: "I'm afraid my life will be the forfeit." 
He's answered by the next speaker: "Don't worry, or lose any 
sleep, as there isn't one of your friends-the enemy-who would 
waste a penny on ammunition." Oh, yes; you must not think 
that we have all the platform fireworks, for we have not. Some 
of the pyrotechnics are very brilliant up here, rivalling at times 
the aurora-borealis. Down home a member may be accused of 
accepting a bribe, and he will deny it, and do his best to prove his 
innocence. I have in mind a case in this province where a mem- 
ber accused himself of accepting a bribe, and a long and very 
pensive trial was held to prove that he was a 1- I mean a man 
economical of the truth. They proved it, but the ex-member oas 
taken the" stump" to try to convince the publio that the trial was 
not fair. \Vhat do you think of that? He seems determined to 
find himself guilty. 
Later.- The successful candidate spent over $7,000 for 
legitimate expenses-over $3,800 of it for livery hire. Livery 
business is very good up here. 
Still Later.- The young man resigned after being elected. 
A long election trial was held in which facts (?) were brought 
out that showed that nearly, or quite, $100,000 were used by or 
for the two candidates, and nobody gäÏned a thing but the livery 
stable men and the voters, many of whom up in that county, sell 
their votes as they would sheep pelts. No wonder it is said on 
good authority that there was "something decayed in Denmark.;> 
Imagine Clark County, with nearly double the population 
in Springfield, (the county town), nearly twice as many voters Ín 
one town as there are in this half county in question! Imagine 
I say, Clark County spending $100,000 ,simply to send one man 
to the State Legislature, and then have that one resign rather 
than have aU the. facts brought out! 
Boss Tweed, in his palmiest days, was a thumb sucking baby 
in politics in comparison to the variety they have up the river. 
If the printer keeps the press open much longer there may 
be still further "later," as two 1ncn are about to run for a higher 
office in that county, and both have several "barrcls"-the two 
boys, of whose campaign I have told you, only had a few small 
"kegs" of money. 
It is fortunate that this county is the exception, so don't get 
the impression that corruption is the rule in Canada, and many of 

HeW asn' t a Pillar. 


the better element in this county, sorely regret the conditions 
brought about by the dealers in þelts. 

Cabinet Ministers the Real Workers. 
Speaking of office holders. There are many offices, as with 
us, mere sinecures, but there are others again which to fill is hard 
work. Of this number are the positions of the Cabinet :l\1inisters. 
I have never seen men up here in any line of business or profes- 
sion who have to work more hours than the Cabinet 1\1inister. 
He is at his office early and late, and when Parliament is in ses- 
sion, he has to fill the position of member as well. He is paid but 
$7,000 a year, which must be inadequate for all that is expected 
of him. The Prime l\Iinister gets but $8.000. In Australia, Lhc 
Prime l\iinister receives in all $12,500, with much less to do than 
here. vVith Canada's vast improvement, and annually increasii.1g 
wealth, these salaries, no doubt, will be increased. 
I am much indebted to Ottawa's officers at the City Hall for 
many courtesies. These officers are: City Clerk, l\Ir. john Hen- 
derson; City Engineer, Mr, Newton Ker; Assessment Commis- 
sioner, l\ir. A. Pratt; Treasurer, 1\1r. James Lindsay; City Coi- 
lector, 1\lr. Ceo. VV. Seguin; Fire Chief, 1\1r. Provost; Superinten- 
dent of Fire Alarm, l\Ir. Ceo. F, 1\lacdonald. Some of these mèn 
have been in office a long while, 1\1r. Pratt for 28 years, and Mr. 
:McDonald for nearly the same length of time. This system is 
far better than ours, as the officers are not dependant upon votes. 
Human nature is the same the world over. This fact is seen by 
another set of officers who are dependent upon votes and-wen, 
New York has no patent on its Tamany Hall methods-so the 
Colonel says. 

Canadian Justice. 
They claim that their judges mete out a different brand of 
justice, and cite the" bad man" of the States who becomes a law 
fearing citizen when he gets to Canada. "See that man?" was 
asked. "vVell he don't dare;to return to your country. He was 
there known as a desperate character. Your Idaho (from there 
he came) either feared him or for some reason allowed him to 
, run things' until the people ran him out of the country. vVe 
have made of him a new man. He knows that our judges have 
a little way of dispensing justice which will not brook any 'wink- 
ing' at the law. We may be no better, and I am sure that our 
laws are no better, but you must admit that there is far less 
crime in Canada than in the States." 
" To what do you attribute this fact?" I asked, and then he 
became critical and a bit sarcastic, saying by way of reply. 
"Your judges have something more important to employ 
their time than the dispensing of justice ( ?)" 


 The Hub. 

":More important!" I exclaimed, "what could be to them 
more important than doing their duty?" 
" Their next election! 1\ow in our country our judges are 
in for life, and are not worried as to how they can please the man 
who controls the votes; they therefore do very little 'pigeon hole- 
ing' of cases, for ward heelers, as I know is done in your cities. 
Do not think I would place all your judges on this low plane, but 
the temptation for re-election is certainly too strong for some of 
them. Again, our system is better; with you a man of any kind 
of character can become a judge, if he can get the votes of the 
people, while with us he is selected by men of judgment and must 
be of good character:
and ability." 
His last remark brought to mind a good story apropos of 
a recent judicial appointment for one of the Provinces. 

" TVas afraid one of those-lawyers was going to get the job. JJ 
" Who got the place?" asked one neighbor of another spe3.k- 
ing of a vacancy on the bench in their judicial district. 
_ " , Who?' vVhy - - -, and a good judge 
he will make." 
"Indeed he will-a wise judge, a just judge. I'm delight- 
ed to hear he got it. Do you know! that I was awfully afraid that 
one of those -lawyers was going to get the job!" 
It so happens that the appointee was himself a lawyer, but 
had been so long identified with national politics that even this 
neighbor had forgotten it. 
He wasn't a Pillar. 
Speaking of law, judges and justice, I am inclined to think 
that there is far more of justice in Canada than in the Stat
Here is a case in point that has just caught my eye. In an Ohi() 
county, a young man stole $13. He got ten years in the State 
prison. I can well remember how, in the same county, an official 
stole $90,000, and wag given one year. His bondsman, one of the 
finest men in the county, was empoverished for life, as he nev
recovered from the blow. Why this difference? No one can 
tell, but some did say, at the tiine, that "the official being such 
an exenlPlary man, and a pillar in the church, saved him 1" It 
does seem too bad-this difference! I might moralize and advise 
Ohio's young men to become" Pillars" if they are determined to 
steal, and while they are at it, to make the amount thousands in- 
stead of a paltry $13-13 is so unlucky unless you are a " Pillar." 
Two :years for a hog-One for a man. 
Here is another case that came under my personal notice, I 
was once in jail in Richmond, Kentucky,-" \\That! Oh dear no! 
Of course not that-am surprised you'd ask, knowing me so well." 

Tim Couldn't Pass a Bar. 


"That's why I ask!" but I'm very patient and did no harm 
to the Colonel for this. But to tell you of the time I visited th?.t 
Richmond jail. Passing a cell, I noticed a man busily engag
in saying things. He was quite emphatic in his remarks, anJ 
used language that would be too strong even for my Colonel. 
And yet I didn't blame him. He had just been given a two-years 
sentence for stealing a hog, while the man in the next cell haJ 
been given one year for killing his neighbor. People at a distan.:e 
may wonder why capital punishment had been practically abolish- 
ed in that State, but it is a plain case. They never hang Colonds 
in Kentucky. 

He's lust the Same. 
You always find the man who would keep you supplied with 
his brand of political idols. You find him at home where his 
Democrat is the only Democrat whQ has ever come dm-\'n the pik
-or his Republican is the only one left who ever ran for an 
office. \Vell, it's the same up here. You meet him on all occas- 
ions and he is sure--if you're in a hurry-to stop and tell you all 
about it. I met him last year when his idol was a Liberal. XO\v 
this Liberal was: "The finest speaker, greatest statesman-ah, look 
at that dome of thought I-most profound man in all Canada, a 
man whose name will go howling down the ages." 
"Rather a noisy name!" I ventured. 
" Well, I don't exactly mean that-you know what I mean, 
and who I mean." 
"No, I must confess, I have no means of knowing. You 
change your idol so often." 
"I change! never! my principles would not allow it!" 
and he \vas so offended that he would not speak 
to me for a twelve-month-I met him the other dav-he 
was very cordial in his greeting, and seemed not to remember his 
anger of a year ago. 
I will not offend this year, was my first thought, and that I 
might start right, I began: "Well, I've been studying that ma
of yours, I've listened to his speeches, have watched his every 
movement, and I must commend your good opinion. He is indeed 
a great man! " 
" Great! why, he is the smallest potatoes in all Canada, the 
most insignificant, the-well I can't tell you how very small he 
is. It makes me half wild to even think of him. \VI1\-, his head 
is so small that it would get lost in a ten year old boy's. hat, while 
his principles are-weB the man is devoid of principles! He has 
none whatever-Kingston's boarding house is over-flowing with 
better and greater men." 
"vVhy," said I, as soon as I could break into his tiradc-"'J 
thought this man was your ideal-you remember what a great 
one he was last year? " 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

"Last year !-last year, do you say?" 
" Yes, last year. Don't yon remember how great he was 
then? The head that now would 'rattle in a ten year old boy's 
hat,' was twelve months ago, 'a great dome of thought,' what has 
caused this change? " 
"Oh, I see! Last year-why man, last year I was a Liberal r' 
" What are you now?" 
" I'm a Conservative-Conservative of the most Conservative 
kind, and with reason-with reason I say-do you know that man 
did me a great wrong?" 
"No," said I condolingly. "I had not heard of it, I'm very 
sorry. Has he waylaid and robbed you?" I asked. 
" :B-obbed me? worse than that. You remember my brothcr 
Tim? well Tim was on my hands and I could not get a thing 
for him to do, hunt the town over as I could, so r up and saw this 
man I'd always voted for, and asked him for a place for the lad, 
and ('0 you hdieve me
what do think he said-'Let him pass a 
Civil Service examination and then come and see me.' Tl1rtled 
me down cold! me who had always votcd for him. Ah, isn't that 
enough to turn one agin a man? " 
" I can't see that you were wronged. Did he not say, 'lct him 
pass a Civil 'ex. and then come to see me?' " 
" Yes, he did, and that's what riled me! He knew well 
enough that Tim couldn't pass anything.,' vVhy the lad couldn't 
pass the bar, and that's easier than a Civil ex." 
" Knowing Tim so welt I'd say it was impossible! '
"What's impossible?" 
" Why, for Tim to pass a bar! " 
" Now, see here, don't get humorous. Its no laughing matter, 
Here I have the lad on my hands and he wouldn't give him a 
place. I tell you he's no good." 
"Who, Tim?" 
" See here, don't get personal! No, I mean the insignificant 
who refused to give the lad a place, and I a workin' for him and a 
votin' for him year in and year out. I tell you he's no good and 
I'm agin him." 







Later.-It's once more the great Dome of Thought-for 
Tim's got a "job." 


The schools of Ottawa stand high in a province whose school 
svstem is claimed to be one of the best in the world. 
The widely known mathematician, Dr. J. C. Glashan, is In- 
spector of all city schools. :Mr. Geo. H. Bowie is Chairman, and 
1\lr. Wm. Rea is Secretary-Treasurer of the School Board, com- 
posed of three members from each ward. 
There are 18 schools iu the city, with 92 teachers, or with lhe 
principals, 118. 
As elsewhere mentioned, in Ontario the Catholic schools :.lre 
called Separate. 
1\1r. Terence :McGuire is Chairman, and Mr. A. 1IcNicoll is 
Secretary-Treasurer of the Board. Of the number of separa
schools, seven are taught by 31 lay teachers and 12 Brothers, and 
seven are taught by 59 Sisters. 
The school year is ten months. 

Normal and Alodel School aHd the Collegiate Institute 
occupy a large block just beyond Cartier Square, running from 
Elgin to the Canal. 
The Collegiate Institute is under the management of a Board 
of Trustees other than the Public School Board. They are John 
Thorburn, LL.D., Chairman, G. B. Green, Thomas Birkett, l\LP., 
Henry Robillard, J. 1. 1IacCraken, D. :Murphy, 11.P.P., R. J. 
Sims, R. J. Small; Cecil Bethune, Secretary-Treasurer, The 
Collegiate is between the High School and College. The pupils 
have to pay $20 of the actual cost a year ($55) of education per 
pupil, the city paying the balance. 

Pretty School Children. 
That the school children of Ottawa are bright and intelligent, 
I need but refer you to the two pictures in the" Gallery," where 
you may see in " Pinafore" costume a number of them, boys and 
girls of the city schools. 


Ottawa, The Hub. 


Had the Englishman who said that as soon as his children 
were educated he meant to go over to Canada, been uncon- 
sciously dropped down into Ottawa, and waked up to see this 
famous educational centre, he would have questioned the state- 
ment that he was not in one of his own educational centres. I 
had often heard of Ottawa's advantages, but had formed no real 
conception of the extent to which higher learning is carried here, 
until I visited the various colleges and schools. It is quite amus- 
ing, or would be if it were not so serious a matter, to think of 
dense ignorance of both the United States and England regarding: 
Canada. l\lany people who should know better, even wonder if 
Canada has ordinary school advantages, when really it is far ad- 
vanced in public schools. universities and colleges. N ext to 
Toronto and l\Iontreal, Ottawa has the most complete and exten- 
sive system of education in Canada. There is here everythin
from the kindergarten to the university and colleges, with their 
faculties in every branch of learning, and with business colleg:
that would do credit to any of our own great business centre

There is here a branch convent of the famous :K otre Dame 
Congregation founded in the 17th century, by a number of de- 
voted women from old France. This is the Convent on Glouces- 
ter Street, of which I have spoken elsewhere. It is under lhe 
charge of Sister Eugenia. Lady Superior, of Boston. \Vhile 
teaching all branches it excels in French and in ml
sic. As an 
illustration of its excellent system of French. I heard on Com- 
mencement Day, a beautiful little girl recite a long Frcnch poem. 
Her accent was most excellent, I wanted to commend her. but was 
afraid she might not understand English. Later on I ventured 
to tell her how well she had recited. Imagine my surprise to 
have her reply in even better English, and to find she was a little 
American girl from my own county, down home, and had never 
even heard French spoken before she came to Ottawa to school. 
The Sacred Heart Convent, under the Grey X uns, a 
like institution, is conducted on an elaborate scale. 
This latter school, known as the Rideau Street Convent, 
is famous not only in Canada, but throughout the 
States, where there are hundreds of an alumnæ, as the insti- 
tution is old (founded in 1849), and very popular. This alumnæ 
have given a library, and fitted it np with rare taste. They have 
also furnished (in old colonial) the great reception room, a pic- 
ture of which you will see in the gallery. The chapel (design(;d 
by Rev. Canon Bouillon) is after the Henry VII style-fan ceil- 
ing-in Westminster Abbey. It was in this chapel where we 

University of Ottawa. 


heard the congregational singing of the pupils. More pleasing 
voices we had never heard-soft, gentle, and yet so strong, sweet 
and clear, that we were all but transported to where such singing 
is the rule. The famous writer known far and wide as plain 
"1\1. C." is a sister in this Convent, and is greatly beloved by all 
classes and creeds. 
The Church of England has a ladies' school, under the charge 
of the Kilburn Sisters. It is growing to be one of the important 
schools of the city. There are a large number of private schools, 
probably the most important and best known is that of Miss Har- 
mon's for young ladies, much after the style of the famous Ely 
Sisters' school in N ew York. 
There is here a college, or rather a Conservatory of 1\1 usic, 
of so high an order that it would do credit to any of our great 
cities. It is under 1\fr. H. Puddicombe, and a very able corps of 
I once called to see the head of a great institution of lear!1- 
ing. He was cold in manner. "vVhat can I do for you?" he 
asked, as though" doing" people were in his line. I did not stay 
long, and never after thought kindly toward that" institution of 
learning." Oh, the contrast when I called at 


and met Father J. Edward Emery. 0.1\1.1., D.D. He was so cor- 
dial in manner, and put me so at ease, that 
 shall ever think kind- 
ly, not only toward him, but toward the great University of which 
he is the head. I t was the evening before our own 

Thanksgiving Day. 
Said Father Emery: "\V e have a large number of students 
from the States, and to-morrow, as is our custom, we give a dinner 
to them in honor of the day; will you come and join the boys?" 
The Colonel and I were there, and we have ever since been 
trying to think of a day in our lives in which was crowded more 
real heart-pleasure. From the moment we sat down to dinner at 
mid-day, until darkness found us on our way home, there was not 
a thing to mar the enjoyment. The boys greeted us, in the great 
dining hall, with the most perfect college yell we had ever heard. 
The hundreds of voices were as one, so accurate the timing of each 
As at all dinners, there was the amusing. This dav it was 
in the adjectives used by the chairman and the boys. I don't re- 
member ever having heard so many in myoId college days, at 
Delaware, Ohio, and no one of them (the adjectives) there had 
ever been used on the same subject as on this occasion. While 


Ottawa J The Hub. 

the " subj ect " knew how deluded were the users, yet he could not 
but appreciate and enjoy everyone of them, and if during lifel any 
boy in that great hall gets "broke" and wants a "quarter," he 
needs' but to ask, if ., Rube " and the" Colonel" are in asking dis- 
After the dinner, Rev. Dr. O'Boyle, professor of Physics and 
History; Father Fulham, Prefect of Discipline; and Professor 
Grey, of Elocution, showed us over a part of the great institution. 
To have gone through the various departments would have re- 
quired far more hours than we had in the afternoon. The various 
departments are Theology, Philosophy, Arts, Science, Collegiate, 
Commercial, etc. 
\Ve most enjoyed Dr. O'Boyle's scientific work room, in the 
great Science Hall. It took me back years ago to Professor Sea- 
mans' department at Delaware. O. Jolly-Ioved-by-everybody 
Professor Seaman! As Dr. O'Boyle showed us the many new 
appliances, and told us of the many discoveries made during re- 
cent years, I could not but think that what I knew of science was 
very, very little indeed. So fast are new discoveries crowding in, 
that one must keep in touch with the progress, else one must feel 
very far behind, on entering the Science Hall of to-day. 
The University of Ottawa, under Father Emery, is surely 
keeping abreast of the times. The new scientific appliances of 
N ew York are found here; the discoveries of the world are yet new 
when they reach this progressive institution. 
"The Philosophical Course is both the crowning of the Col- 
legiate course, and basis of all professional studies." This claim 
one cannot but see carried out, if one but look over the writings of 
some of the young men. I have read articles in the "Review," 
the College magazine, which seemed so mature that I could not 
but think that they had emanated from minds with years of train- 
ing; and afterwards met the writers, whom I found to be beardless 
boys. N or are they alone trained to write, but under the gUId- 
ance of Professor Grey (himself a writer of note), a famous Eng- 
lish elocution instructor, they are learning to speak as well. 







And-but, strange to say, just as I had finished the above 
sentence, the fire bells rang out, and to-night (Dec. 2nd, 1903). 
the Art Building of this great institution is in ashes. It started 
this morning, and has burned all day, and nothing but a few of :.he 
bare stone walls stand, where yesterday stood an institution I had, 
in one short week, grown to love. 
Father Fulham, who was chairman at that Thanksgiving 
dinner, young, strong, and with a brilliant career before him, is 
dead, and I mourn him as a dear friend, though I had known him 
so short a time. In his effort to rescue otliers, he gave tlp his 
own life. 

Laying of the Corner StOIlC. 


\Ve think, at home, that we are quick to act in emergency, 
and rise out of disaster most readily, but when we think of the 
rapidity with which the mind of Rector Emery worked, not only 
that morning but since, we can but wonder at the marvellous 
energy of the man, and the wisdom he has displayed in the dis- 
ter. Even yet, while the fire was burning fiercest, he thought 
of the parents of the pupils, and kne
 of their anxiety, and before 
nine o'clock had telegrams sent broadcast, that the pupils were all 
safe, and by 10 o'clock had arranged for their transportation home. 
He seemed to think of everything, and while the ruins of the great 
building yet smoked, he had laid his plans for re-opening the 
schools on January 7th, 1904, with all classes running along as 
A movement was set on foot to have the city vote $50,000 
towards the rebuilding, but he said" No. Some might oppose, 
and for the sake of the harmony which has ever existed here, and 
which it is our great desire to maintain, I do not think it best. vVe 
will not ask the city's aid, but will welcome all individual acts." 
The Cniversity will build at once,1 separate buildings, modern 
and with every improvement. The Science Hall, the J uniorate 
College, and some of the other buildings escaped the flames, and 
in these, with other rooms secured, the classes will go right on 
as before. 
To show the kindness manifested by others of different faith, 
Henry J. 
Iorgan, an Episcopalian, has undertaken to collect the 
nucleus of a library to replace the one burned, and from all de- 
nominations are pouring in offers to donate books. It looks as 
thopgh it would require a large library building to contain this 
The people of Canada are broadminded and generous. 
Sir Sandford Fleming, Chancellor of Queen's University at 
Kingston, is Chairman, and Sir James A. Grant, is Assistant, in 
the Committee for the collection of funds. Both of these great 
citizens are Protestants. All classes feel that this University, 
which has long been the pride of Ottawa, should be rebuilt, and 
that as speedily as possible. 


" \Ve meet at one gate when all's over, 
The ways they are many and wide, 
And seldom are two wavs the same. Side bv side 
l\lay we stand at the sarÍle little door, when aÍl's done! 
The ways they are many, the end it is one." 
On May 24th, 1904, the corner stone of the new Arts Build- 
ing was laid. One feature of the day's programme I cannot pa,;s 


 The Hub. 

over. It was the luncheon in Rideau Rink, near by, to which 
nearly 1,000 sat down. As I looked over the great audience, I 
could not but think how times are changed, and how the world 
moves toward that day 
\Vhen men shaII love their feIIow-men 
Far more than man-made creed. ' 
On the platform, which extended across the width of the 
great rink, sat His Grace Archbishop Duhamel, the Chairman of 
the occasion; to his right sat His Excellency Lord l\linto, beside 
whom was His ExceIIency l\Jlonsignor Sbarretti, Apostolic De- 
legate to Canada; to the Archbishop's left vvas a man whose 
liberal mind has done so much to help bring about the very thing 
of w,hich I write, a man whom we all love for his kindness of 
heart, his personal and mental worth, His Eminence Cardinal 
Gibbons, of Baltimore; and all along on either side of the tables 
of the platform, as well as those of the main body of the rink, 
were l\1ethodists, Presbyterians, Episcopalians, and those of many 
other creeds. Catholic and Protestant sat side by side in kinùly 
Not alone in the association of the sects, but in the many 
most excellent speeches, was this kindness toward each other 
shown. Nor were the speeches entirely national. The Canadian 
is broad-minded, and takes in his brothers of all lands. He loves 
his own flag, and yet has a place for those of other lands. On 
this occasion, besides many small English and Canadian flags, 
there were two large ones, the Union Jack and the Stars and 
Stripes, and among the toasts was" The United States," propos- 
ed by Dr. W. T. Herridge, "The Beecher of Canada," and ably 
responded to by our Consul General at Ottawa, l\lr. J. G. Fost
a man whose worth does honor to our country. 
As I listened to the able speakers of our great northern 
neighbor, I could not but feel the deep pleasure it is-and I trust 
the pleasure wiII long continue-to write of them, and to teII of 
their excellence, that my people at home may know them better. 
I was particularly pleased with the speech of Judge Curran, 
of l\Iontreal. It was able and eloquent, and cannot but do gn
good for the University. 
All day long I could not but think of the one man who has 
silently brought about the phænix-like movement of the Univer- 
sity. Scarce had the fire begun eating away the great buildings, 
when this man was sending out telegrams broadcast, to the hom
of the students, to aIIay the anxiety of those homes, and before 
noon he had arranged to replace the lost clothing of the boys, 
and had secured them transportation. \Vhile yet the great vile 
was burning hot, he was planning how that school might resume 
its work, one month away-and school resumed on time. Since 
then he has travelled thousands of miles, visiting other coIIeges, 

Unique Dinner. 


in order that he might select the best features of each, and that 
he has selected well, the magnificent structure, whose corner stone 
to-day was laid, can speak. So silently has he worked, that only 
the few have seen the guiding hand, and that the world may 
know, I gladly pay this feeble tribute to Rev. Father Emery. 
It was with just pride that we of the States listened to Car- 
dinal Gibbons, at the laying of the corner stone. His address 
was eloquent and beautiful, and his sweet manner but intensified 
the love of all who heard him on this occasion. \Vhen he said: 
" Although, my dear friends, I am personally a stranger among 
you, your great kindness and hospitality have made me feel my- 
self at home," when, I repeat, he said that, the cheers that went 
up from the assembled thousands must have made him know how 
welcome he was. 
He spoke of the builders of Canada, the English, the Irish, 
the French. He would also have spoken of the most important 
of all, but he knew full well that we Scotch could speak for our- 
Lord :Uinto, in his address of welcome, struck a keynote 
when he said: " I join, I am sure, with all of you, in welcoming 
His Eminence to Ottawa, and in recognizing in him one who has, 
not only for many years occupied the position of a great dignitary 
of the Church of Rome on the continent of America, but who has 
done much by his distinguished influence to direct and control the 
modern thought and perhaps somewhat speculative :-eligious ten- 
dencies of a new world." 
Dr. I--Ierridge, Presbyterian clergyman, in his eloquent speech 
at the luncheon, said two things which are very gems." It ought 
never to be a difficult thing to join firmness of personal convic- 
tion with respect for the views of others," and, " If there was 1:ot 
to be liberality and charity, hope for the future of the country 
would be given up." 
Possibly the most eloquent speaker of the day was the Hon. 
Richard Harcourt, Provincial l\Iinister of Education. One of 
his pretty sentences was: "The work of the universities are as 
stars of the night, to dispel darkness and ignorance." Some one 
sitting beside me remarked, as Harcourt arose: "Now you win 
hear one of our best provincial, if not Dominion, orators," and I 
had to commend the "remarker." 
Another pretty feature of the luncheon was to see the repre- 
sentatives of an English and French University (Sir Sandford 
Fleming, for Queen's, Presbyterian, of Kine-ston, and Monsignor 
:1\Iathieu, for Laval, Catholic, of Quebec) sitting at the same table, 
and to hear their kind words spoken for an English-French 
Catholic institution. 
U niq'lle Dinner. 
In the evening, Speaker of the Dominion House, N. A. Bel- 
court, gave the most unique dinner possibly ever given in Canada, 

7 0 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

It was given in honor of Cardinal Gibbons. Included among the 
guests were the Catholic Archbishop, Cardinal and Delegat
, the 
Bishop of Ottawa, Church of England, :l\Iinisters of the l\Ietho- 
dist, Presbyterian, Baptist, Congregational, etc., churches, with 
Cabinet :l\Iinisters, leaders of the Government and the Opposition, 
Politics and creeds were forgotten, and for the time they sat as 
brothers of one great family, in a heart to heart communion. 
It was not only unique, but beautiful, and pressaged the time: 
When Jew and Gentile, sect with sect, 
As brothers, hand in hand, march by, 
And all the world shall love. 
I spoke of the Belcourt dinner as being ., unique," but for 
that matter, the Cardinal's whole visit has been unique. Ottawa, 
regardless of creeds or sects, has entertained him royally, and 
being in a way an international event, I have given it much space. 
Anything showing a kindly spirit between Canada and my own 
country is a joy to me to chronicle, for I love them both, and I 
shall ever say that which will in any way deepen the cordiality be- 
tween the two. 


If one may judge by the prominence of its shareholders. and 
the high standing of its pupils, there are few colleges in Canada 
that will equal Ashbury, on Argyle Avenue, which, under the 
able Head l'viaster, Rev. Geo. P. Woolcombe, and his competent 
assistants, is growing, or rather has grown to the limit of its 
It may well be caned "The Rugby of Canada." To say: "I 
was a pupil at Ashbury" is at once an honor and a pride, for 
among its attendants are some of the best names in the Dominiol1. 


The only Presbyterian Ladies' College in Canada (the pro- 
perty of the Church) is located in Ottawa. 
It is on Bay and Albert' Streets, running through to Slater. 
It is a large stone structure, with spacious grounds. 
It has been built with a view to the health and comfort of the 
inmates. It is ideally located, high and with a, commanding view. 
While it is Presbyterian, there is no interference whatever with 
the religious preferences of its pupils. vVhen" Helen" or 
" Pauline" begins to think of putting on "long dresses" again, 
the one serious question is, " Where shall we send her to school ?" 
Too many think of mere culture of manner, rather than the men- 

Colleges and Schools. 

7 1 

tal of "Helen;" the light and trivial, rather than the real; the 
social, rather than what ., Helen" may learn that may be useful. 
On much investigation, I find that the Ottawa Ladies College has 
culture, social standing, and teaches so much of the useful, that 
were" Helen's" parents to know of it, the question of "where" 
would be easily an5\wered. 
All branches are taught, and by teachers specially fitted for 
their departments. 
:Music is given much attention in the College, and with the 
arrangement it has with the famous Canadian Conservatory ûf 
l\Iusic, near by, the pupils may have the benefit of as good musi- 
cal instruction, as may be had in the Dominion. 
The Board of Trustees contains the names of some of the 
best known ministers and laymen in Canada. This is especially 
true of the President of the Board and the Regent of the Staff. 
Rev. \V. T. Herridge, D.D., and Rev. W. D. Armstrong, l\1.A., 
Ph. D. 
.. The Principal is 
Irs. J. Grant Needham, a lady of rare cul- 
ture, a graduate of the Toronto Conservatory of l\1usic 1\lr5. 
Needham is a member of one of the most prominent Presbyterian 
families in Canada, her father being a minister, while her grand- 
father, Rev. Donald l\IcKenzie, was the pioneer Presbyterian 
minister of " Canada vVest." She is a neice of Rev, A. Cameron 
l\IcKenzie, D.D., President of the Elmira, N.Y., Ladies' Colleg-e. 
She is a lady of rare executive ability. 

Aliss Harmon's School 

l\lentioned elsewhere, is probably of interest to more Ottawa 
families than any other in the city. Since the grandchildren of the 
first pupils are now attending this famous school. 
The sad drowning of l\Iiss Harmon occurred while we were 
here, and the whole city seemed to feel it a personal loss, as she 
was greatly beloved, by all, regardless of class or creed. 


I used to wonder why it was that the Canadian boys could 
come to N ew York and step right into good paying positions, 3.nd 
in many instances soon take up our banking, railroading and other 
important branches; but when I see the high standard of the Cana- 
dian business colleges, I do not wonder at it. Take, for instance, 
the l\Ietropolitan College, which, under the management of 1\lr. 
R. A. Farquharson, B.A., is reaching and meriting a fame that is 
going out and beyond the city of its location. What strikes :)tlC' 
as a bit in advance of our own business colleges is, that if an appli- 

7 2 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

cant cannot speak the English language, he is placed under the 
instruction of a special teacher of language, and ere long acquires 
a proficiency that is remarkable. At this school the very latest in 
books, both the best of our own as well as Canadian, are to Le 
found, and a staff of teachers that know well each their particular 
branch, and how to teach it. Mr. Farquharson is a graduate of 
Queen's University, and was long Principal at the Richmond 
I-Iill School, so that he is capable not only as a teacher of business 
methods, but one capable of giving liberal instruction on other 
educational lines as well. The young Canadians are taking up a 
thorough business education more and more each year. They are 
beginning to appreciate the fact that they must have business 
training, else they cannot hope for other than a hard, manual plod- 
ding existence. The Metropolitan was founded in 1896. Two 
years ago it was taken over by the Federated Business Colleges of 
Ontario, which now controls thirteen of the most progressive 
schools in the province. 
The influence of this Federation is far-reaching, business men 
look to it for capable bookkeepers, stenographers, typewriters and 
for thorough general business assistants, and what is a very im- 
portant matter for the graduates, the schools do all they can to 
secure places for them-many now occupying lucrative positions. 
Ottawa may well be proud of the 1'vletropolitan Business 


'\Vhile the national game, lacrosse, is played here by a team 
that even beat the Shamrocks of 
lontreal, other games have their 
devotees. Baseball is not as popular as in the States and in some 
of the other Canadian cities, and yet, it is played by the school 
boys. Cricket and Association football are played, too, but create 
but little interest. The greatest game of all, that which will make 
an Otta wan forget his dinner, is 

Rugby Football. 
Football is the game that has made Ottawa famous all over 
Canada. Father l\lichael Fallon, formerly of the Ottawa Univer- 
sity, but now of Buffalo, New York, was possibly the greatest 
coach Canada has ever known. He brought the" Ottawas of the 
University" up to such high perfection in Rugby that they for 
years have been invincible, this year they won the championsh
of the Quebec Union. 
The very air of the University is to this day permeated with 
Rugby, and the training seems not alone to have had its influence 
on the teams that play, but on everyone of the hundreds of 
students in attendance at this great temple of learning; shake hands 
with one of the boys, and you will find your hand in a vise. Their 
muscles seem like bands of steel, so intense has been the training. 
It is said that when Father Fallon was here he had the team in 
such control, that every player was a perfect machine with brains, 
and when he set them going they worked together as work :he 
wheels of a perfect watch. There has been no game ever 
vented which so tries the manhood of a student as does Rugby. 
Brain must fit with muscle, decision must be quickly followed by 
action, and tenacity of purpose bind the whole. 

Next to football comes hockey, and it begins to look as though 
there might b
 a reversal of the two. In hockey, Ottawa is not 

74, The Hub. 

only famous at home, but her prowess is known throughout the 
ates, wherever the game is played, and this winter, new laurels 
wIll doubtless be won by the All-Ottawa team that is to meet the 
great players of Pittsburg and other cities, where enough Cana- 
dians have been induced to come down to form teams. 
The Ottawas won the Stanley Cup for 1903. 

Basket Ball. 
N or are the men alone proficient in athletics. At some of the 
ools basket ball is played with such skill that our college girls 
nl1ght be taught many a new trick. It is played especially well at 
the Girl's ,Model School on Elgin Street. In some places the girls 
play hockey; this is more particularly so at Kingston, and the line 
of towns along the lake. If the reports of some of the matches 
between girl teams be correct, then one might well tremble to 
meet them--on the ice. 
Later.- The boys have taken up basket ball, and already 
many teams are competiting for trophies offered by the ] oltrnal, 
and other enthusiasts of honest sport. 
This leads up to 

Skating in Ottawa. 
There is no city on the continent where more attention is paid 
to skating than in Ottawa, and thanks to the interest taken in it 
by Lord and Lady rvIinto, it has been brought up to such a high 
degree of perfection, that it has become the very rythm of beauty 
in motion. Rideau Hall is the centre of Ottawa's winter sports. 
Here we find skating and tobogganing, under the auspices of 
their Excellencies, brought up to a marvellous degree of beauty. 
" Beauty," for the arrangement of the slides and rinks, with their 
innumerable lights, make the Hall at night a very bit of fairyland. 
Looking at it from afar, with its beautifully-laid grounds-vastly 
improved by the artistic taste of Her Excellency-the lights 
twinkling among the evergreens and shrubbery, glinting a miriad 
of diamonds on their snow-laden branches, the gaily dressed 
skaters flitting here and there in the merry waltz, or mazing into 
the march or labyrinth, to music that charms away the night, is a 
scene of beauty rarely found in any land. Here the elite of the 
city are wont to gather, when the ice is smooth and the air brac- 
ing, and while away the hours of night, and come again and again. 
never growing weary of pleasure so exhilarating. 
We do not wonder at the popularity of the present occupants 
of the Hall, since to them Ottawa owes so much of enjoyment, 
and we can but think how they will be missed when they return 
to their home in far-away England. 
N or is it alone at the Hall where skating has reached so high 
an art, but all throughout the city are rinks, nightly filled by 



beautiful women and gallant men. The figure skating is possibly 
unequalled anywhere for intricacy and real beauty, and the skill 
with which those figures are gone through is simply delightful to 
look upon. I would that I might describe to you, who are wont 
to see skating where there is no order, where everyone skates or 
falls at will, and all is chaos, the rare sight of possibly one hun- 
dred couples going through figures so intricate that it would turn 
dizzy the untrained skater. Take, for illustration, 

The AI arch. 
The skaters line up on either side of the centre of a long rink, 
one hundred gentlemen on one side facing one hundred ladies on 
the other, as in. Sir Roger de Coverley, with His Excellency facing 
his partner, and Lady :Minto facing her partner, at the head. On 
the music starting up, the ladies counter march to the right of the 
ice until they meet at the lower end of the rink; then they join 
hands, the gentlemen giving his right hand to his partner, and 
skating to the place of starting, where they counter-march to the 
right and left in alternate pairs to the end again; here two couples 
join hands and skate back in fours; round again, then up in raws 
of eight. From eights they reduce back to single pairs by the 
same process; they then break off into alternate pairs again, right 
and left, and on meeting at the lower end of the rink, the pairs 
turning to the right let go hands, and the pairs turning to the left 
pass through between the gentlemen and ladies they thus meet. 
The same proceeding is repeated on the opposing pairs meeting 
at the other (or upper) end of the rink, the only difference is that 
the pairs that went through first now open out and let the others 
pass through. The entire number of skaters in pairs now come up 
the centre of the ice, until they arrive at the middle of the rink, 
then they let go hands, the ladies turning to the extreme right cor- 
ner of the rink, and the men to the opposite corner; then both turn 
inward to the middle of the ice (forming thus the figure of a 
heart), and join hands and skate straight down until they arrive 
at the middle and have passed the last couple in the march, and 
then break off again, letting go hands, and again forming the 
heart as before, after which they follow the leading couple wher- 
eyer they may lead, into other figures, generally into the one called 
the labyrinth, a wide circle round and round, ever growing 
smaller to the centre, then turning, reverse the circle outward 
again, after which the leaders skate the figure" S ., down the rink, 
and as a grand finale, skate back down the middle. Can you fol- 
low this description? "No." \VeIl, then, you will have to take 
many a lesson before you can follow the leaders through the 
march, as it is, if possible, more intricate than my attempted de- 
Imagine this march gone through with the skaters each bear- 
ing a lighced torch, the rink being darkened, and then think of 

7 6 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

h?w beautiful it must be to sit and watch it. I have rarely seen a 
sIght so grand to look upon. Some of the ladies here skate more 
gracefully than any I have ever seen, Lady lVIinto being without 
t the. best skater in Canada. Others skate marvellously well, 
Ladles EIleen and Ruby Elliot being of the number. 


Few cities have so many who have excelled in sports and 
games as Ottawa. So many indeed that were I to give a list, 
the names alone would make a volume. I must needs select a 
few of the older champions. 

Dr. Halder S. Kirby, President of the Ottawa Hockey Club, 
was an old-time player, and has done much to promote this great 
winter game. J. P. Dickson, Vice-President of the Canadian 
Athletic Union, ex-President of Ottawa Hockey Club, Vice-Presi- 
dent of OUa wa Amateur Athletic Association, Secretary of the 
43 rd Regiment, &c., has been prominent in hockey. 

The first game of lacrosse was played in Ottawa by two 
teams of Indians from Caughnawaga and Cornwall, on the occa- 
sion of the celebration of the laying of the first Atlantic cable in 
18 59. The boys picked up the game at once, and its popularity 
has never waned. Some of those who were among the early 
players have since become Ottawa's most substantial men. Among 
the number are, and were (as many are now gone) such well 
known citizens as Thomas Birkett, lVLP., Edward Cluff, :Michael 
Cavanagh, J. G. Cullen, James Birkett, E. K. lVrcGillivray, James 
Thompson, Geo. Varin, Thomas Russell, &c. And later Arthur 
Seybold, A. G. Pittaway, D. B. Mulligan, &c. The last named 
played here in 1890 and 1891. He and his brother, W. J. l\1ulli- 
gan, left Ottawa shortly after to go to the States, the latter to 
Louisville, Ky., while D. B., for the past few years, has been clerk 
in the \Valdorf-Astoria in New York City. Their Yankee friends 
will be pleasecl to know that they have taken the Russell, the 
principal hotel in this city, and are fitting up in fine style. 
Harry Ketchum, a lover and promoter of sports, was one of 
the most famous of his day in lacrosse. He is to Canada what 
A. G. Spaulding is to the United States. After graduating in 
active sports, he and his brother Zeb set up in a little way the 
handling of sporting goods, with all their stock in one window. 
That was but a few years ago, but so successful have they been 

Chamþions in Sports. 


that they have added store after store and line after line- 
from a ball to an automobile. So popular have their goods be- 
come that the Ottawa boy don't think an implement of sport 
worth playing with unless it has on it " Ketchum & Co." Adoíph 
Rosenthal ,vas one of the '87 city championship team. Hugh 
Carson, of the old Capitals, from 1890 to 1897, was one of the 
best defences in Canada. 
Alderman James Davidson is another famous ex-lacrosse 
man. When he was president of the Capitals the club held the 
championship of the world. I might have included" Jim" in the 
" Literary Ottawa," as he " throws" a very humorous pen. 
Here is another unique Ottawan. He was for six years 
president of the Stars, out of which grew the Capitals-of which 
he was president for five years. Like most champion athletes, 
" Jim" has always been very popular. He has for seven years 
represented \Vellington \Vard in the City council, during all or 
which time he has been Chairman of the Board of Works, and 
when lVlayor l\10rris neglected to watch the time, and let eleven 
o'clock slip by unnoted, and thereby "lost his job," Davidson was 
chosen to fill out the term. 
There is one thing very noticeable in Ottawa, and that is, the 
best athletes become the most successful business and professional 
men-vide Ross, 1\IcGiverin, Ketchum, Carson, &c., each at the 
very head of his profession or business. N or is Davidson an ex- 
ception. Starting to work for 30 cents a day, he and his brothers 
have earned and lost nearly a quarter of a million dollars by fire 
(in IQ03), anù are just now starting the wheels of the largest and 
best equipped door and moulding mill in Canada. Besides this 
they have timber limits and mills up the Ottawa, all through their 
own efforts, and all three comparatively young men. Great coun- 
try Canada for its young business men! They run the serious 
affairs of life with quite the same vim which won them champion- 
ships in games in their earlier days. 
lVir. James White, President of the Liberal Club, was once 
famous in lacrosse, having been for years president of the 
The" roarin' game" dates back to the fifties, but Ottawa did 
not begin to "soop 'er up" to any extent until 1860, when \Vm. 
Hutchinson and his four sons came from Montreal to locate in 
Ottawa. They were instrumental in reorganizing the game. 
George, the youngest of the sons-now dead-was unique in all 
Canada as " the wooden-legged curler." At the age of 7 he lost 
his leg in the Gavazzi riots in 1853, but for all that he was one of 
the best curlers in the country. He even played lacrosse as goal 
keeper. The Hutchinsons have here and in Montreal ten curlers 
in the first class. 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

The Ottawa team have taken more Branch and Governor G('n- 
eral's cups than any other in the Dominion. 
In looking over the list of curlers from 1860 to 1875, few re- 
main. Among those who are left are such famous ones as John 
l\Ianuel, the president of the Ottawas since 1895, \Y. 1\1. Hutchi- 
son, Chas 1\Iagee, Neil Robertson, John Thorburn, D. l\lurpÌlY, 
l\1.P.P., Sir Sandford Fleming, Jas. Skinner, C. Satchell, \V. 
Young, ]. P. lVIacpherson, N. Morrison, C. S.. Scott, better known 
as ., Charlie" Scott, who has been one of the best curlers in Can- 
ada. Colonel 1\1cPherson, J. D. Wallis, J. D. Paterson, E. 
C. Esplin, John Gilmour, J. H. Thompson, Dr. Bentley, Rev. D. 
1\1. Gordon, ]. G. \Vhyte, Adam Dunlop, now of Winnipeg, H. 
Robillard, the famous poet, \V. H. Fuller, now of New York City, 
R. C. Douglas, Dr. Sweetland, Sheriff of Carleton County, G. 
Stockand, Thomas Birkett, 1\1.P., Capt. A. H. Todd and James 
The first rink was a brick yard shed, near where the Drill 
HaIl now stands. That was in 1862. The next was at the corner 
of Kent and Vittoria Streets, in a lumber shed of the late Allan 
Gilmour. In 1867 the club built a rink on Slater, running through 
to Albert, just east of the Opera House. After that they came 
back to Vittoria Street, where their rink now stands. 
Curling is the sport never, or seldom, played by the sports. 
The Colonel says it's too slow, and yet if he had his choice he"d 
rather have a curler's name attached to a cheque than a player of 
any game he knows of. 
In the winter of 1902 and 1903, a Scottish team toured Can- 
ada and the United States. They had such a " good time" 
it took the Rev. John Kerr, the chaplain of the team, 787 pages to 
tell about it, and if he can curl as well as he can write, the Scottish 
team should be 11lllckle prude a' thare pracher. 

The Go'vernor General's Club. 
Lords Dufferin. Lansdowne, Lorne and Aberdeen took great 
interest in curling. The open air rink at the" Cabin," near Rideau 
HaIl, was laid out by Princess Louise. 

The Old Curler's Story. 
" I think it was in Lord Dufferin's time when there was held 
in Ottawa. a great curling tournament. Teams were here from 
all parts of Canada. The one from Halifax won the champion- 
ship, and we gave the visitors a banquet. at which there was much 
of good cheer. \Yhen it came time for the Halifax skip to speak, 
he arose and began explaining the secret of his team's success. 
" You ask us " said he " to give you the secret, well, gentlemen, as 
we have beaten you, and may never again have occasion to meet 

Champions in Sports. 


you on the ice, I will tell you. \tVe have a mascot-yes, gentle- 
men, a mascot-he it is who brings us good fortune. \Vhen we 
were ready to start on this trip, we looked about for a spare man- 
one who could bring luck to us-he is with us to-night." Here 
he stopped, and we all looked to see where they had their mascot 
hidden, for no spare (thin, boney, lean) man was to be seen. 
" Yes," he continued, " we brought with us a spare man, he will 
now address you." Then he sat down while we all looked to- 
ward the door to see him enter. Did you ever see D. C. Fraser, 
now; Judge Fraser? If you have, I need not tell you our surprise 
at seeing, D. C. begin to rise in his seat. \tVhen he and his six feet 
two, and broad according, was all up, the skip said, " Behold onr 
spare man." \Vell. the Judge was never before or since, greeted 
with a heartier round of applause and laughter, than when plaving 
the part of the spare man that night at the Russell House." 
Dr. E. B. Echlin, ex-president of the O.A.A.C., a champion 
of Canada, is known wherever this world game is played. P. \"'1. 
:Murphy, of the Bank of Ottawa, alsd excels in tennis, having been 
champion of the Valley. Ottawa has many lady tennis players of 
note, especially so 1\frs. Sidney Smith. 

Ottawa has golf grounds and a club house equal to any in 
Canada, and possibly on the continent. Among those who excel 
are A. Z. Palmer, secretary of the Rideau Club; J. Roberts Allan, 
the Gormullys, father and son, Alexander Simpson, manager of 
the Ontario Bank. A. B. Brodrick, of the 1\lolson's Bank, H. II. 
Hansard, J. A. D. Holbrook, P. D. Ross, G. H. Perley, Lt.-Col. 
Irwin, T. 11ackerell, N. C. Sparks, E. C. Grant, etc. 
John Gilmour, of frequent mention, is the champion racquet 
player of the Capital. He is also a famous fisher, and known by 
every " \Valton" of note in America. 

Hunting of Big Game. 
Hon. John Costigan holds the unique record of " the greatest 
moose hunter in the world." He has in that record over roo 
Colonel S. :l\faynard Rogers comes along with his fourteen, 
while our own late Consul General, Colonel Charles E. Turner, 
will return to the States with a record of much big game. 
Dr. J. F. Kidd has, in his pretty home on O'Connor Street, 
some beautiful specimens of moose heads and deer antlers. The 
doctor cares less for numbers than for beauty of specimen, 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

In a city of canoeists who excel, it would be hard to sel
the best. J. A. D. Holbrook has been one of the great enthusiasts, 
and has done much in promoting this sport, as he has in other 
things athletic. 
l\Ir. R. H. Haycock was champion of Canada in single sculls, 
outrigged shell, for three years, 1868, 1869 and 1870. D'Arcy 
Scott was international champion for two years. 
Ex-l\1ayor Samuel Bingham was once famous with the 
paddle. A good story is told of a race in which he took part in 
1867, It was on the Ottawa River, near Rackliffe. A four- 
paddle crew were racing with four Caughnawaga Indians. The 
Ottawans were a little ahead, when Bingham's paddle broke 
in two. Knowing that he was now of no use, and that he would 
be only dead weight, he jumped into the water and swam ashore 
-nearly half a mile away. The other three men won the race. 

Ottawa is noted for its great number of football players who 
excel. Noone ever did more for the game than Father Fallon, 
formerly of the University, but now of Buffalo, N.Y. He made 
the Ottawa College almost invincible. "Eddie" Gleason was one 
of his many pupils. 
Few have been so widely known, however, as Hal B. 1Ic- 
Giverin, President of the Rough Riders, and yet, if possible, he 
was more widely known (as captain of the Canadian team) in 

Especially so in Philadelphia, and other of the cities in the States. 
The names" Hal B. l\1cGiverin," and" Cricket" are very oft
associated by the old players of this" gentlemen's game." Like 
many another famous athlete, " Hal B." is fast climbing to the top 
in his chosen profession-that of the law (railway and parlia- 
mentary law specialist.) There are few young men in Canada 
with so promising a future. This last sentence is for the eyes of 
the old cricket players in my own country. 
Others who played this game with credit are V. Steele, W. C. 
Little, A. D. Brodrick, and the late B. T. A. Bell. Original 
cricketers: Geo. Cox, Edward Bufton, Wm. H. Aumond, Judge 
Robert Lyon, Edward Sherwood (father of Colonel A. P. Sher- 
wood), Campbell McNab, Godfrey Baker, the father of cricket 
(once postmaster of By town), Wm. Cluff, now City Auditor, and 
R. W. Cruice. 
Skeeing and Snowshoeing. 
C. Jackson Booth would possibly lead in those sports, the 
former of which i
 especially popular this winter. Captain W. T. 

Sports and Games. 


Lawless, now of South Africa, was the most fearless exponent of 
skeeing in Canada, and did much to popularize it here. He was 
also the most expert swimmer in Canada. J. A. D, Holbrook was 
another of the original skeers, but for that matter he was one of 
the " all arounds," as he was prominent in many of the old games 
and sports. H ngh Carson, in snowshoeing as in other sports, 
won many medals. 
M. Kavanagh was once a famous snowshoe expert. In the 
early days (in the sixties) he even led the Indians in this as in 
other sports. 

Clay Pigeon Shooting. 
Fred Heney, the Reeve of Nepean, president of the St. 
Hubert's Gun Club, might be named as the champion shot of the 
Ottawa Valley. W. J. Johnstone is also a noted" pigeon" ::,hot 
and true sportsman. 
The St. Hubert's grounds are seen on the way up to Britannia 
Park. They are near Mr. Heney's magnificent residence-one 
of the finest specimens of old colonial in the country. 
Dr. Horsey is another of Ottawa's good shots. The doctor 
should also be included among the old time experts in skating. 

T obo gganing. 
Once a famous sport, but now confined to Rideau Hall. The 
slide here, when lighted by its thousands of electric bulbs and 
Chinese lanterns, is one of the prettiest sights I have seen. 

This is one of the oldest sports, and from which grew hockey. 
It is our" shinny on your own side" which we used to play 
on the" crick" down there by the old bridge. 
Again I run across ex-Mayor Bingham's name. No wonder 
he loves children SQ much. I find he was one of the boys himself. 
In shinny he was an expert, with a goodly following of many old 
Ottawans, in which I find the names of the late Alexander Lums- 
den, Jas. Mulroney, Terrence O'Neill ("Trickey Terry"), John 
Bulger, James McLaughlin, Hugh Masson and many another, 
now gone. 

Medal of I8S2-A Find in Shinny, 
Months after writing the foregoing, while looking up data 
a la By town, I ran fight into a real" find" in shinny. It was a 
silver medal given in 1852. Mr, Hugh Masson, the last one of 
those who played in the match between New Edinburgh and Ot- 
tawa, is the holder, U Who were the players?" was my first qu
tion on seeing the relic of S2 years ago. "Of the Ottawa twelve 
I remember but one name," said Mr. Masson, U as I was then a 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

stranger, having just arrived, That one was James Peacock, the 
hatter. My friends being in New Edinburgh I played on their 
team. We were dressed in our Scotch costume, the Ottawas were 
'plain clothes' men. Of our team I remember seven of the 
players: John Lumsden, father of Alex., D. 11. Grant, Allen 
Cameron, Peter Fraser, W m. McDonald, my brother Donald and 
myself. It was Christmas Day. The game was refereed by 
Captain John McKinnon, son-in-law of the Hon. Thos. McKay. 
We beat two to one, The medal was passed on to me; I am the 
last; all the rest have gone on ahead. I wonder will we have any 
shinny there?" 
"Does it always require ice?" I asked, but he sat silently 
looking at the medal. 
Ottawa has been famous for its foot runners. It once had 
in " Johnnie" Raine the champion of all America, for a one mile 
race. Then there was "Bobby" Raine, "Pete" Duffy, Don 
Robertson, " Billie" Lepine, Clarence :Martin, F. C. Chittick and 
James Nutting. while many an Ottawan will remember the fleet 
" Deerfoot" and the flying" White Eagle," the two Indian run- 
ners, whose swiftness was proverbial. 
Hugh Carson, in the early nineties, won over thirty medals. 
His best distance was one-quarter mile. 
George Carson and Harry Carleton were of the good ones. 

Among those who have excelled in bowling are J. B. Watson
secretary of the Consolidated Electric Company, Dr. J. D. Court- 
ney, a leading physician, D. E. Johnson, of Beament & Johnson 
and D. Turnbull. Most of these have been on the champion 
Among the (( All Arounds." 
The Ross family may be put into a class by themselves, wIth 
P. D. Ross at the top. It is said that his father's home in 1iorrt- 
real at one time had much the appearance of a great jewelry 
store, from the many medals and trophies won by the three 
P. D. Ross, editor and owner of the Ottawa Journal, was, in 
his college days at Montreal, the best mile runner at McGill Uni- 
versity, and captain of the University football team. In r883, he 
rowed stroke in the Toronto Rowing Club four-oared crew, win- 
ning the championship of the Canadian Association of Amateur 
Oarsmen, and in r886 occupied a similar position in the Lachine 
crew, the best of that year. Later, coming to Ottawa, he was 
captain of the Ottawa Hockey team, the best of its day. He was 
one of the founders and the first president of the Ottawa Amateur 
Athletic Association. 

John Flick, or the Difference. 


It is a probably unique fact, that in one year three brothers 
were the best men in their country in three different lines of 
athletic sport. In r883, P. D. Ross was stroke of the champion 
four-oared crew; \V. G. Ross (now managing director of the 
Montreal Street Railway Co.) was champion at all distances of 
the Canadian Wheel men's Association, and J, G. Ross (now head 
of the largest accounting firm in l\lontreal) was the champion 
snowshoe runner at all distances. 
Among those of the old-time athletes, I find W. L. :Marler. 
manager of the Merchants Bank of Canada. He excelled in 
lacrosse, curling, skating, hunting and fishing. He was a member 
of the Montreal Lacrosse Club, the first in that city. 
R. T. Shillington, one of the leading druggists in the city, 
holds the unique record of having been on the three winning teams 
(in r899) of hockey, lacrosse and football. Ottawa that year 
held the championships for these three games, something never 
known before or since. 
W. F. Powell, "the Beauty of Carleton," was an expert in 
many lines, as was also Robert Sparks. 
" Have you seen Tom Birkett?" asked a former Model School 
boy, "Why, Tom was the' all roundest' in the whole school. I 
remember once he took five firsts and two seconds, and all the 
junior and open events, and when he got into High School, he took 
everything they allowed him to compete for. One day he took 
six. firsts and one second. Why, I saw Tom stand and high jump 
4.II one day, and as for running, he could run the roo yards dash 
in r00 seconds, and he only a boy. 
"In the relay bicycle race between Windsor and Montreal, 
he and three others, Adolphe Rosenthal, J. Hinton and George 
Harvey were the four selected from Ottawa, and I tell you 
did us proud. Tom did the run from River Beaudet to Coteau, 
over a rough road, in a three minute clip. 
"Yes, I tell you Tom Birkett used to be one of the athlètes 
of this town, and even yet takes an interest in sports and games. 
He's a director of the O.A.A.C. Tom came well by his athletic 
trend, as his father, in his early days, was famous in sports, es- 
pecially lacrosse. 
" And speaking of school boys," he continued, "the late \Vill 
Kehoe, brother of Barrister Louis J. Kehoe. was possibly the best 
all-round athlete in the Ottawa College. He excelled in every- 
thing, all the way along through lacrosse, baseball, football, run- 
ning, jumping-in short, in games and sports he was a marvel- 
and at the same time was a good student." 

John Flick, or the Difference. 
How well I remember when John Flick used to be the envy 
of all the rest of "us boys." John was the" champion" skater, 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

year after year. In winter none of the rest of us had any" show" 
with the little girls when " Tim" was on the ice, but when the 
spring thaws came and John's skates were laid away, John's pro- 
minence was at an end, for that was all he could do. Here in 
Ottawa the skater of winter is the lacrosse player or the canoeist 
of summer, or the football man of autumn. Here an athlete ex- 
cels in many things, some of them in nearly everything. Orme 
Haycock, the best skater in the Ottawa Valley, and one of the 
best in Canada, has won the O,A.A.C. medal for all-round athletic 
Apropos of skating, we often had the pleasure, this past 
winter, of seeing Mr. George A. Meagher, the world's champion 
figure skater. He won the amateur skating championship of the 
world in Ottawa, on l\farch 4th, r891. The medal was presented 
by the Governor General, then Lord Stanley, Since that time 
Mr. Meagher has made two lengthy tours of Europe, winning 
many laurels, in Russia, Hungary, Austria and other countries. 
His medals seem countless. These have been presented by prac- 
tically every skating club of any prominence in the world, while 
beautiful ones have been presented by H.R,H. Princess Louise, 
the Earl of Derby, the Marquis of Dufferin, the Countess of Tur- 
enne, and many other notables. His skating at Government 
House is a great feature. The very acme of beauty in motion is 
the skating of Lady Minto (one of the best lady skaters in the 
world), with Mr. Meagher as a partner. 

Skating Carnival. 
One of the prettiest sights I have seen in Canada was an ice 
carnival in the Aberdeen Rink. Some of the costumes worn were 
very beautiful, and all of them were pleasing. Lord and Lady 
Minto led in the figure skating, which for beauty and intricate 
motion was beyond description. 
There was one skater at this carnival who did considerable 
falling, This was 

The wit from Toronto suggested as the reason that" Meph. 
don't seem to be used to ice." 
In concluding this running talk on sports and athletics, I feel 
that I have but touched the subjects, and yet I may well ask to be 
pardoned when you take into consideration that not one of the 
games mentioned but might be subject for a volume. 



" Colonel," said I, one day when we were talking about games 
and sports, "what game can be played by the fewest people, and 
yet is always played by the greatest number?" 
"Rube, you've been drinking again I Why, man, how can 
the ' fewest' in any instance be the ' greatest' number? Give it 
up, what game is it?" 
" Golf, Colonel, golf I" 
"Golf? I see how it may be played by two, or even one, but 
how the greatest number?" 
" Easy enough, Colonel, easy enough. It may, as you say, 
be played by two, or even one, but it is al'l()ays played by 'The 
400 I'" It was fortunate for me that the Colonel was no golf 
player, else his aim at this point might not have been a miss. 
The Ottawa Golf Club is no exception. It does not contain 
all of that mystic number, but it certainly is a very prominent part 
of it, and among the part are some very expert players, both ladi
and gentlemen. To say this, however, of the Ottawans, where 
sports and games are in question, is merely to state a truism, as 
I have never seen a city where excellence in athletics was so 

History of Golf in Ottawa. 
In IS91 1\ir. Hugh Renwick, of Lanark, Scotland, a golf en- 
thusiast, came to the Capital. He was soon playing with an 
thusiasÌlc folìowing, among whom were the late 1fr. J. Lloyd 
Pierce, Lt.-Co!. D. T. Irwin, Mr. A. Simpson, Dr. Tohn Thorborn, 
1fr. S. H. Fleming, Mr. J. W. de C. O'Grady, and about So others. 
The first site was a so-acre tract along the Rideau River, 
south-easterly from the city. It was a nine-hole course. Many 
interesting matches were played on these links. The one in JS95, 
for the championship of Canada, being the most important, This 
was won by T. 1\1. Harley, of Kingston. 
In IS96 the growth of the city sent the club to their loS-acre 
I2-hole grounds, on the Chelsea Road, north of Hull, and when 
the great International Cement Company found them playing 
above invaluable material, they were again compelled to move, 
this time to their own beautiful grounds of 125 acres, on the 
Aylmer Road, along the Ottawa River, about three miles west of 
the city. These grounds are ideal. They seem to have been laid 
out by nature for such a purpose. The hazzards are sand bt1nker
A little brook winds in around along the whole course. The view 
from the magnificent club house, just now completed, is very 
An IS-hole course has been laid out, forming a circuit of al- 
most 3% miles. 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

The membership, limited to 250 ordinary and ISO lady asso- 
ciate members, is now full, and a number of candidates on the 
waiting list. 
The officers are: President, George H. Perley; vice-presi- 
dent, E. J. Chamberlain; captain, A. B. Brodrick; secretary-tr
surer, J. A. Jackson; committee, J. A. D. Holbrook, J. Roberts- 
Allan, Geo. F. Henderson, J. F. Orde and Lt.-Col. D. T. Irwin. 
C.M.G., A.D.C. 


What with "Venetian Nights," " Parisian Nights," Arabian 
-no, I mean "Persian" Nights entertainments, at the various 
Parks around the city, and with the band concerts given wee
the Ottawans who have to stay in town find much enjoyment. 
They don't have a hilarious time, as it is remarkable how little 
noise it takes to give real pleasure. It sometimes takes a good 
while t
 get through with these pleasures, however. The Colonel 
and I have been out already to some distant Park, and not got 
back until after 12 o'clock, and yet left large numbers there. 
(This last sentence will be better appreciated by the" large num- 
Apropos of the "hilarious," I must commend the perfect 
order of a Canadian crowd. I t is never boisterous, and consider- 
ation for others is the rule. You see an occasional policeman, but 
he is usually there to be around in case of accident, or because It 
is his night off. 
" Persian Night" at Rockliffe Park was an illustration of a 
summer night's amusement in Ottawa. 
The trolley company had that beautiful pleasure park lighted 
up with so many thousands of Chinese lanterns that night seemed 
to be turned into day. Look in any direction you might, and the 
trees bore lights like fruit of all conceivable colors. The band 
furnished a programme of music that would have done credit to 
any of our best city bands. As I stood in that crowd of perhaps ten 
thousand people, I might shut my eyes and easily imagine that 
there were but few around me, so little the noise, and yet the 
cheerful faces all about showed that pleasure was general. I 
have come to know that even children can have "a whole lot 0' 
fun" without annoyance to others by their boisterousness. 
Just here will fit in a criticism. The Canadians say we 
Yankees speak too loud. The criticism is a just one, but whil
we may speak too loud, they in turn do not speak loud enough, 
and as a result it is usual that a question is answered bv another. 
and that other is " I beg your pardon?" which means "I did not 
understand your question, will you be so kind as to repeat it r' 
Then, again, it seems to be a custom. One morning I enquired 

Moving Pictures. 


of a maid. for the residence of one in that vicinity. She stopped 
sweeping, and began her answer: "He lives--oh, I beg your 
pjlrdon ?" She had heard the question and began her answer. 
then forgot that she had not first" begged pardon." I repeated 
the question in a much lower tone, when she readilv pointed out 
the residence. This is not unpleasant, as they do ask: " I beg your 
pardon?" in so pleasant a voice and so courteous a manner, that 
I never mind having to repeat. 

" Moving Pictures," 
Is the order of the night, this (1904) summer. So many 
thousands go nightly to Britannia that the road is taxed to its 
limit, but so well are the crowds haudled, that none need remain 
out until breakfast, as was the case on " Venetian Nights" last 


At the opening of the Rideau Canal, Ottawa--or then By- 
town-became a military station. Two, and at times three com- 
panies of regulars were stationed here, on Barracks Hill, now Par- 
liament Hill. They had little to do but, "Drill, Drill, Drill, ye 
Tarriers Drill!" On such occasions as " Stony Monday "-Sept. 
17 th , 1849-they had to quell small riots. 
- The Provincial :Militia made By town life worth living, wh(>n 
the "Captains" and "Colonels" marched into town with their 
"troops," for annual "muster." 
In 1854, two companies of volunteers were organized, one 
English speaking, under Captain George Patterson, a loyal mer- 
chant. The other company was made up of French speaking 
citizens, under Joseph B. Turgeon, with Dr. Beaubien assistant. 
These were known as No. 1 and No.2 Rifles, but called by 
expressive names of "The Sleepies" and "Dwyer's Divils." The 
Drill Sergeant for both companies, was one Tim Dwyer, a retired 
Sergeant of the Line. Tim had no trouble with the "Sleepies," 
but the other company played the very-well its own name, with 
his patience, While Tim knew tactics, he didn't know French. 
The French knew neither tactics nor Tim's English, but they 
finally mastered one command, and as Tim soon lost all hope of 
making them understand another, he used that one on all oc- 
sasions. That one was, "stip round ye divils," and they 
"stipped." f 
The Ottawa Field Battery was organized September 27th, 
18 55, with IVlajor John Bailey Turner in command. This battery 
is still in existence-48 years without a break. Jas. Forsyth was 
made drill master. His place was taken, years after, by Captain 
Forest. Captain Workman and Lieut. Chas. Aumond were con- 
nected with the Battery. The command has been under Captains 
Forsyth, Stewart, Hurdman, (now Lieut.-Colonel on the Regi- 
mental Staff) and E. C. Arnoldi, now in command as 1iajor. 



At Deseronto Camp, in 1903, this Battery carried off the 
highest honors in the Dominion for general efficiency. This was 
not unusual as it has done the same so long, that it has become 
As a further bit of military history, the original members 
of the "old guard" living, are the first Paymaster, Richard 
Bishop, (later: died since these words were written) of Hinton- 
burgh, his successor, a well known and active worker in many 
literary lines, A. S. Woodburn,* whose fund of knowledge re- 
miniscent, is little short of marvellous-(I cannot but speak of 
him thus. When in search of data on any subject of the long 
ago, I was always referred to " A. S. Woodburn, see him, he can 
tell you," and he never failed to make good the confidence. He 
retired with the rank of Major) and one other, Lieut. Campo
Macnab, who is at present in the lower St. Lawrence. During 
the season he puts in his time hunting the porpoise, with all the 
vigor of youth. 
Since 1855, a number of other organizations have come up 
and again disappeared. No less than seven companies of " Garri- 
son Artillery" were at one time in active practice in Ottawa. They 
disappeared, and then, the 43rd Regiment took the place of the ')ld 
Rifles and Garrison Artillery. In 1861, the late Judge Chris- 
topher Armstrong and W. F. Powell, M.P., were instrumental 
in working up an interest in things military in Carleton County. 
One company especially, formed at Bell's Corners, was the nucleLls 
of The Old 43rd RegÍ1nent
 better known as the "Carlet'Jn 
Blazers." But a simple mention of this regiment can be made. 
It took a whole book for Captain Ernest J. Chambers, R.O., to tell 
the history of it, and for me to say he has told it well and enter- 
tainingly, goes without saying to those who know this charmnig 
The Princess Louise Dragoon Guards. 
This fine body of cavalry was organized l\lay 23rd, 1872, 
and named for the popular daughter of the Queen, Princess 
Louise. It consists of two squadrons. 

The Governor Generar s Foot Gu.ards. 
This, regiment was organized June 7th, 1872, two weeks aft.
the Princess Louise Dragoon companies. As its name indicates, 
it is the guard of honor to the Governor General of Canada. 
Following is the order in which the various Ottawa Regi- 
ments of the militia, appear in "The QMarterly l\Iilitia List of ::he 
Dominion of Canada," for July 1st, 1904. 

· 1 wrote thill just before Mr. 'Voodburn'ô Iloath. 1 will it with kind mem- 
oria. of the man and all he did for me. 

9 0 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

The Princess Louise Dragoon Guards. 
(Organized 23rd May, 1872.) 
Hon. Lieut-Colonel.-F. F. Gourdeau. 
Lieut.-Colonel.-Robert Brown. 
Majors.-C. A. Eliot, R. 11. Courtney, G. A. Ryan. 
Captains.-A. H. H. Powell, H. B, Borbridge, E. E. Clarke, 
J. A. Cameron. 
Lieutenants.-H. P. Fleming, J. R. Munro, J. W. Bush, C. 
J. Burritt, J. R. Routh, W. R, Greene, J. P. Boyle, A. Ryan, J. J. 
Danby, L. S. Macoun, D. J. 1icDougal, P. C. McGillivray, R. O. 
Croll, T. R. Brown, D. W. Moore, D. C. Merkley, G. A. Noonan, 
J. D. Robertson. 
Paymaster.-W. H. Cole, 
Adjutant.- J. R. Routh (Iieut.) 
Quartermaster,- J. St. D. Lemoine. 
Ottawa Field Battery. 
(Organized 27th Sept., 1855.) 
Major.-E. C. Arnoldi. 
Captains.-A, H. Bertschinger, E. W. B. Morrison, D.S.O. 
Lieutenants.-C. H. 1Iaclaren, E. R. Tooley, H. H. Cameron. 
Medical Officer.-E. B. Echlin. 
Veterinary Officer.-Alex. W. Harris, D.V.S. 

Ottawa Company-(Organized 1St July, 1902.) 
Major.-c. P. Meredith, 
Lieutenants.-A. p, Deroche, E. P. Fetherstonhaugh, O. 
Higman, jr., R. S. Smart. 
Medical Officer.-W. 1. Bradley. 
The Governor General's Foot Guards. 
(Organized 7th June, 1872.) 
Honorary Colonel.-His Ex. The Rt. Hon. the Earl of Minto, 
G.C.M:.G., P.C., Governor General. 
Lieut.-Colonel.-Sydney C. D. Roper. 
Majors.-E. E. F. Taylor, Henry A. Bate. 
Captains.-Douglas R. Street, C. F. Winter, William T. 
Lawless, Donald H. McLean, Agar S. A. 1\1. Adamson, F. A. 
Magee, G. D. Graham, J. F. Cunningham, F. C. T. O'Hara, J. G. 


9 1 

Lieutenants.-E. E. Prince, E. J. W. Mosgrove, J. F. Gil- 
monr, J. F. Watson, F. D. Hogg-, G. McG. Maclaren, J. M. Bate, 
,T. \V. Alexander, A. C. Ross, J. A. Mackenzie, G. G. Chrysler. 
Paymaster.-R. Gill. 
Adjutant.-C. F. Winter. 
Quarter-Master,-T. G. Rothwell. 
Medical Officers.-J. F. Kidd, G. S. MacCarthy. 
Chaplain.-Rev. H. Kittson. 

43rd Regiment, "The Duke of Cornwall's Own Rifles." 
(Organized 5th August, 1881.) 
Honorary Colone1.-General H. R. H. George, Prince of 
Wales, Duke of Cornwall, K.G., etc. 
Honorary Lieut.-Colone1.-W. White, C.l\1.G. 
Lieut.-Colone1.-S. Maynard Rogers. 
Major.-Richard A. Helmer. 
Captains.-Stuart E. de la Ronde, J. H. Bollard, D. W. 
Cameron, J. H. Dewar, A. de Mowbray Bell
 R. G. Stewart, J. A. 
Ewart, R. Blackburn, R. G. Cameron. 
Lieutenants.-J. A. Armstrong, G. L. Blatch, A. J. Matthews, 
R. J. Birdwhistle, H. A. Folkins, J. P. Dickson, G. A. Bell, A. A. 
Pinard, C. 1\1. Edwards, E. R. McNeil, W. S. Wood, E. A. Olver, 
G. P. Matthewman, T. F. Elmitt, S. J. Stevenson, A. L. Ogilvie, 
R. S. Simpson, 0.. K. Gibson, E. C. Woolsey, J. E. Snowball. 
Paymaster.-E. D. Sutherland. 
Adjutant.-D. W. Cameron. 
Quarter-Master.-J. E. Hutcheson. 
Medical Officers.- J. D. Courtney, F. W. Birkett. 
Chaplain.-Rev. J. M. Snowdon. 

Army Medical Corps.. 
(Authorized 1st July, 1899.) 
Officer Commanding.-A. T. Shillington. 
Subaltern.- J. W. Shillington. 
Unattached List. 
Colonel.-L. F. Pinault. 
Lieut.-Colonels.-Hon. E. G. Prior, L. W. Coutlee, F. G. 
Stone, F. White, C.M.G. 
Hon. Major.-A. Benoit. 
Majors.-H. J. Woodside, E. H. T. Heward, W. J. Neill, 
E. C. Cole. 
Captains.-F. A. O'Farrel, H. F. Wyatt, H. G. Bate, W. R. 
Ecc1estone, W. Price, J. R. MilIer, S. H. Capper. 
Lieutenants.-G. B. Cameron, H. W. Frink, G. I. McAlister. 

9 2 

' The Hub. 

The soldiery of Ottawa are a fine body of men. The popu- 
larityof military matters has drawn into the various organizations 
the very best element of the city. I was about to say: " The rough 
element have nothing to do with military affairs," then I stopped 
for a moment to think, why say that when Ottawa prides herself 
on not having a " rough element," and after months of a sojourn 
among this people, I am pleased to say she has all reason for the 
pride. I have never seen a city so free from this class, and Ot- 
tawa is to be congratulated. 

Incidents and Humor of Things Military. 
It was our pleasure to meet and know genial Colonel Wm. 
White, Honorary Lieutenant Colonel of the 43rd. For twent)'- 
seven years he was Secretary of the Canadian Post Office Depart- 
ment, and for nine years Deputy Postmaster General of Canada. 
I had heard that he had command of the first Guards in Ot- 
tawa during the Fenian Raid in 1866, and knew he must have 
some good stories apropos of those stirring times. My guess was 
" We were stationed in the Skead building," began the Col- 
onel. "It stood on Wellington Street, where now stands 
the British American Bank Note Company's fine structure. 
As we had no notion of the extent of the raid, 
we were suspicious of every stranger, and at night 
we were ordered to make all persons, we did not know, give an 
account of themselves. Some were too indignant and others too 
"full" to answer questions, so we "ran" them in. 
"I shall never forget one man who did not get over his tn- 
dignation all night, for next morning when one of the guards, an 
awkward wag of a country boy, went to take him before Colonel 
Wiley, the fellow would not move, so the guard prodded him 
with his bayonet. When he was arraigned before the Colonel, he 
began at once, "Colonel," said he, boiling with rage, "I pref
charges against this lout of a fellow." The Colonel, who en- 
joyed a joke, could hardly keep up the dignity of the bench, but 
turning asked the guard very seriously, even sternly, "Here, my 
good fellow what have you to say to this man's charges? He says 
you prodded him." 
" J edge, ef yer don't mind, I guess he's right about it," said 
the guard, scared like. 
" Yes, and you admit that you really prodded the man? ., 
" Yeas, J edge, I cain't lie, I cain't lie if yer put me up for .:.t. 
I prodded 'im." 
"Why did you prod him?" 
" W uIl, J edge, yer see when I was a startin' to bring him 
to yer I told 'im to travel." 
"Then what did he do?" 
"He jest wouldn't travel." 

Jack and His Funeral. 


" And then what did you do?" 
II Wull, honest, Jedge, I prodded 'im." 
" Well, and what did he do?" 
"He travelled." 

A Travelling Arsenal. 
"N. W. Bethune, was then-37 years ago--as now, in charge 
of the telegraph office, now the G.N.W., then the 1\lontreal Tele- 
graph Co. He feared that Fenian spies might get possession of 
the office, and use it to send dispatches, so he hunted around for 
arms to protect himself. After hunting the town over, he Íound 
two dilapidated horse pistols and a shot gun. The pistols 
were too large to get into his pockets, so you might see Bethune 
any day going back and forth to his house, looking more like a 
travelling arsenal than anything r can think of, I am sure had he 
been attacked, and he had fired any 'gun' of his battery, there 
would have been far more danger of there being one Bethune less 
than any fewer Fenians." 
I told the Colonel the story of the reporter and his icicle, a:Id 
the real reason of the sudden termination of that Fenian raid, and 
he thanked me, for said he, " I never knew before why it came to 

uch an abrupt stop, but I see now." (You will find the Re- 
porter's Story under" Newspapers.") 

The Old Cavalry Colonel's Story. 
" Oh, yes; it must have been more than a quarter of a century 
ago," said the old Colonel, when asked to tell the story of Jack 
-, one of his troopers, a brave Irish lad, who lay dying of con- 
sumption. "We had gone up to see him-a number of the boys 
and myself-and as we sat talking, trying to chirk him up, the Dr. 
(a member of the regiment), came in with a cheery, ' Brace up, old 
man; we're going to have our annual mounted drill, and we wa:J.t 
you to be out with us.' 
'N 0, Doc. dear; Jack's nixt roide will be out over the hill to 
the graveyard beyant the Rideau. But, till me, Doc, do ye think 
the byes wull turn out at me funeral?' 
, Certainly, Jack; if it comes to the worst, they will, but we 
hope it will be a long time till that day.' 
, Now, till me, Doc.; wull they hall me on the cannon, !oike I 
was a warrior?' 
, Yes, Jack; with the old flag wound 'round you, and your 
helmet and sword placed on top.' 
, An' Doc. dear; wull they have me ould harse W raggles lid 
behoind, wuth me boots turned wrong furninst, an' toide wuth 
crape, the same as they did at Charlie's funeral?' 
, Yes, Jack; old W raggles will be there. He has been with 
you too long not to be with you at the last.' 
'Wull they have the band followin', and playin' the march, 
the same as at Charlie's?' 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

, Yes, Jack; and the band will be there, for all the boys love 
you very much.' 
'Oh, won't that be foine! An', Doc. dear, till me ony this 
wan more quistion. Whin the byes raich the yard, wu11 they foire 
three volumes over me grave the same as at Charlie's?' 
, Yes, Jack; they will fire three volwnes over your grave.' 
, My, my, Doc., won't that be foine! Won't that be foine!' 
"An', Doc., dear; ye'll foind me purse thare in the cubbard. 
Take out suthin' for the pall-bearers, as it may be a cowld day." 
" Jack, will I treat them going or coming? " 
"Going, Doc., going-fer I'le not be wuth 'em whin tha 
come back." 
" And the poor fellow seemed really delighted with the pros- 
pect. It was to us most pathetic, for we all loved Jack dearly. 
He had been a faithful trooper-never missing a drill, and ever 
ready to do his duty without question. He lay still for a long 
while, then all at once tried to raise himself up in the bed, and 
began again to talk-this time more to himself and to his old 
horse than to us. 
, W raggles, W raggles, me faithful harse, an' ye'll be wid me 
to the last. Ha, ha, manny's the long day we have bin togither, ye 
and I, W raggles. It was a colt I found ye. I knew thin that 
ye'd some day be a grate harse-an', whist, Wraggles, do ye moind 
the staple chasing we've had togither?' At this he seemed almost 
transformed with delirium. 'Whist, Wraggles, come, bye, now 
they're off! Hurray! Hurray! Ah, ha; ho, ho! Ye tuk that 
wan will, Wraggles! Now, brace for the nixt. Whoop, we're 
over! Whare's thare thurrobrids now! Ahn, ahn, me faithful 
bye! Ho, ho, now for the wather jump. See, see, Wraggles, the 
oies of the thousands ar ahn us! 11ake the jump 0' yer loife, an' 
make that jump the ricord. Whoop, we're floing, \Vraggles. 
Whoop, we're over-an' ye've made the ricord!' 
" It was poor Jack's last effort. After that we could only 
from him meagre words. We all knew the reason of his tem- 
porary delirium. He was riding over again a steeplechase he had 
once ridden, when both he and old Wraggles were young. He 
spoke truly, they had indeed made a record, which to this day 
stands unbroken. I forget exactly, but the' water jump' was 
over 30 feet, some say 35. 
"Poor Jack died within the week, and we carried out his 
request to the very letter, for we all loved him." and the old Col- 
onel wiped his glasses, for they were very dim. 

Courtesies Exchanged. 
When the first contingent was in South Africa, the boys were 
stationed next to the famons Royal Gordon Highlanders, between 
whom and the Canadians there began a friendship that death alone 
will sever, The Gordons have, since the war, sent a beautiful 

Winners of the Victoria Cross. 


trophy to be shot for at the Rifle Range, and just now the boys are 
getting ready two moose heads mounted on maple leaf shields, to 
send over to the Gordons. Thanks to Major Rogers, I saw lhe 
heads and the inscription on the shields: " Presented to the First 
Battalion, Royal Gordon Highlanders, by the Second S.S. Batta- 
lion, Royal Canadian Regiment, as a memento of their association 
in the Nineteenth Brigade, South African Field Force, 1899- 
19 00 ." 

Historic Gun. 
There is, in the Ottawa Drill Hall, a gun that is unique in 
that it was the means of making three Victoria Cross men in 'Jne 
engagement. On a brass plate on the gun carriage is the simpie 
story, " For the saving of this Gun in the Rear-guard Action at 
Lilliefontein, Transvaal, November 7th, 1900, the following 
honors were granted:- 

Victoria Cross. 
Lieut. Cockburn, Royal Canadian Dragoons; Lieut. Turner, 
Royal Canadian Dragoons; Sergeant Holland, Royal Canadian 

Distinguíshed Services Order. 
Lieut. l\lorrison, "D." Battery, Royal Canadian Artillery. 
To a man up a tree, the wonder is that there were not fonr V.C.'s, 
with the one left out at the head of the list. (This is not on that 
plate on the gun carriage.) The following were the non-com- 
missioned officers and men of No. 5 gun, Subdivision " D " Bat- 
tery, R.C.A., in charge of the gun on that day:- 
Sergeant Curzon, Gunners Ketcheman, Thorne, Lane, 
Bramak, Gamble; Drivers Henry, Sullivan, Lafleur; Trooper 
Haycock, R.C.D. (attached). 
The men under Lieut. (now Captain) Morrison saved the 
gun from being taken by the Boers, notwithstandinp" the fact that 
they had done well to have escaped capture with no encumbrances, 
as they were all but surrounded by overwhelming- numbers. In 
the face of this they fought their way out, and brought with them 
old No. S. 
Captain E. W. B. Morrison is editor-in-chief of the Ottawa 
Citizen. Lord Roberts, in speaking of this, said: "I have no 
praise too high for the devoted gallantry they all showed in keep- 
ing the enemy off the infantry and convoy." 

Saw Service on Both Sides. 
In the officers' mess of the 43rd, where the Colonel and I had 
much hospitality shown us, we saw another" gnn " with a history. 
This gun is a musket. It was captured by the Boers from the 

9 6 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

Seaforth Highlanders at Magersfontein, and recaptured at Paar- 
deberg, February 27th, 1900, by the Canadian troops, and ore- 
sented to the 43rd Regiment officers by Major S. M. Rogers (now 
Colonel Rogers). In this mess room are seen several things of 
special and pleasing interest to Americans. The first is 

Rief s Prayer, or Proclamation. 
The original proclamation of war against the Dominion of 
Canada, written personally by Louis Riel, in 1885, (precedinO" the 
North-west Rebellion) on the back of a holy church picture, was 
captured by "Gat." Howard at Batoche, and afterwards presented 
by him to this regiment, who treasure it very highly among their 
many interesting souvenirs. 
In the mess they also have a large oil painting of Major A. 
L. (" Gat.") Howard, which he ordered before his leaving for 
South Africa, where he so nobly fell. This picture is one of three 
which he had Col. A. P. Sherwood have painted for presentation 
to the 90th Regiment of Winnipeg, the loth Royal Grenadiers of 
Toronto, and this one for the 43rd, as a souvenir of his association 
with these corps during the North-west Rebellion of 1885. lIe 
also gave a valuable sterling silver Cup for an inter-company com- 
petition in the 43rd. 
Major A. L. Howard. 
This name is of international fame. Beginning his career 
with us, he ended it with his life in Canada's honor. 
I t has been so long since he left New Haven that I will give 
a few refreshing lines biographical. . 
Arthur L. Howard, of New Haven, served in the First U. S. 
Cavalry during our Civil War. Later he was with General Ord 
in the Indian Wars in the far west, mostly in New Mexico. He 
is said to have had command of the first machine gun battery in 
the United States. 
When the Riel Rebellion began in the North-west, in 1885, 
the Canadian Government sent to Connecticut for some machine 
(Gatling) guns. Word came back, "The guns will be of litt1e 
use unless you have a man who understands handling them." 
" Send us the best man you can find," replied Canada, and 
Captain Howard was sent, having obtained permission from the 
Governor of Connecticut to leave the State. 
The work he did in that war is history. He became so 
famous froro the way he handled the Gatling gun that he was at 
once and ever after lovingly called" Gat." Howard. 
At the close of the Rebellion, he saw an opening for a cart- 
ridge factory, and the Dominion Cartridge Company at Browns- 
burg P.Q., was the result. He later opened a factory at Capell- 
ear Sherbrooke, P.Q., which is still managed by his son. 

One Hundreth Regiment. 


When the South African, or Boer, war began, he came at 
once to Ottawa, and not only offered his services to the Governor 
General, but would have equipped a batterv of machine guns at 
his own expense; but the Governor could not accept the latter, 
however mnch he appreciated the noble offer. He did accept his 
personal services, and "Gat." went with the first contingent of 
artillery. He was given char1!e of the quick-firing guns attach
to the First Canadian l\lounted Rifles. 
Brave even to recklessness, " Gat." Howard knew no fear in 
the line of duty. This daring led him to his death, on February 
17th, 1901, at Swaziland. Those with him at the time tell how 
that when the Boers had slain most of his men, thev called out to 
Howard, "Throw up your hands," and then shot hiÍn down, when 
they might have made him a prisoner. 
The boys say, " No braver or one more loved than he fell in 
that war." 
The work he did for Canada made his name an honored one. 
He became a hero, and to-day holds a place in the affections of 
this people, who often speaK lovingly of " Dear old Gat. Howard." 
A large silk flag-the Stars and Stripes-hangs in this mess 
room. It is the gift of the people of Burlington, Vermont, on the 
occasion of a visit of the regiment to that hospitable city. :ßily 
authority for the" hospitable" is not personal, as the pleasure i)f 
a visit has not yet been mine. The authority is the boys them- 
selves, who never tire of telling how" Burlington has entertain- 
ment down to the very point of oerfection." 

One Hundredth Regilnent. 
In 1858, during Governor General Head's term in Canada, 
much of interest transpired. The two most important events 
being the changing of the Capital to Ottawa, and the organization 
of the looth, or Prince of Wales, Royal Canadian Regiment. It 
was recruited from Quebec and Ontario, with the object of taking 
part in the Indian l\1utiny, or Sepoy Rebellion, but reaching En
land too late to take part in helping to quell the mutiny, it was 
sent to Gibraltar. 
Of the 16 commissioned officers but few are alive. Of these, 
two are now living in Ottawa, Lieut. (Capt.) Brown-Wallis, ori- 
ginally from Port Hope, and Lieut. Charles Henry Carriere, of 
this City. 
Of the others still living, there are Lieut. Ex.-Deputy Adj. 
GenI. T, J. Duchesne, of Quebec, Ensign John G. Ridout, of Tor- 
onto, Ensign H. E. Davidson, of Hamilton. Those now in Eng- 
land are, Capt. Henry Cook (now lvlajor-General), Capt. Henry 
G. Brown (now Colonel), Capt. T. W. W. Smyth (now Colonel), 
and Capt. R. B. Ingram (now Major). The regiment is now the 

9 8 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

Prince of Wales Leinster, (Royal Canadians). The Recruiting 
Depot is Birr, Ireland. 
Mrs, Thomas Ahearn has written, for the Historical Society, 
a very able and comprehensive paper on this famous regiment. 
The original colors may be seen in the Parliament Library. 
There is little but the staff left, but that" little" speaks volumes 
for the gallant men who followed it. 

Can't Kill Him, 
Ottawa has a well-known military man, who has died or been 
killed more times than any living man on the continent. One of 
his greatest pleasures now is to read the beautiful and touching 
obituary notices that he has received from time to time. If he 
grow despondent and out of conceit with himself and the world, 
all he needs to do is to turn to these notices, and read how much 
he is mourned every time he dies, or is killed. Here is a bit of 
" machine work" that I give, even at risk of another obituary- 
not his:- 

He was drowned in the wreck of the Asia, 
He was scalped by Poor Lo at Cut Knife- 
Was missed when they caIIed
when found he was bald, 
And bald he will be all his life. 

The fates were against him again, 
In the war with the Boers in S. A., 
He was slain and left dead on the field, 
Though not near the battle that day. 

My story might here have an end, 
Were it not that he died once again, 
This time 'twas the fever that carried away 
My hero at Magersfontein. 
The 11ajor, now Colonel, has died many times, 
Yet after each death gained renown- 
Though dead in a wreck-in battle twice slain, 
He is stilI the livest in the town. 


Ottawa is a musical city. This does not alone mean that it 
loves music-all cities do that-but Ottawa loves music of a high 
order, which must indicate that it is musically cultured. The 
stranger has little opportunity of knowing the accomplishments 
of the individuals, and must gain a knowledge of a city's worth, 
in any line, by what he may causally observe. We praise that 
which we understand and appreciate. The audience cheers that 
which pleases it, and if that audience be a representative one, we 
need but listen to the class of music (if at a concer t \ it cheers, to 
know its degree of musical culture, and not only what it cheers, 
but how it responds when really good music is rendered well. 
I am writing under the inspiration of the concerts given by 

The Coldstream Guards' Band, 
on Sept. 25th, 1903. The selections were of a high order, the exe- 
cution rarely equalled, and the enthusiasm of an Ottawa audi- 
ence was a revelation. We had been told of Ottawa's musical 
culture--that afternoon and evening, we knew it for ouselves. 
Every good selection was so enthusiastically encored, that we 
could scarce believe that we were in a Canadian audience. We 
were carried back home where demonstration is the rule. How I 
did wish for that man who said Canada was not patriotic. Why. 
bless you, when the band struck up patriotic airs, it had to respond 
at times to four and five encores, and, this, too, before an audience 
composed of the best people of Canada, and joined in by all, from 
the Premier to the page. 
This band made a tour of Eastern Canada. The banqu
and public ovations given it everywhere it went, should have made 
the boys carry back a most pleasant memory of this country. 
They were so pleased with their Ottawa reception, that they re- 
turned three weeks later for a second visit. The largest rink in 
the city was engaged, and yet hundreds were turned away; as not 
even standing room was to be had. 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

Mr. J. :Mackenzie Rogan is an ideal bandmaster. He never 
detracts from the music by unnecessary gesture; his slightest 
wave of the baton being caught by the men quite as readily as 
though he made of himself an armed "windmill." 
In speaking of his tour through Canada he said: " We have 
been received everywhere with great hospitality. vVe have played 
to one half a million of people, and I have been surprised to fil1d 
the Canadians cultivated up to a hearty appreciation of \Vagner, 
Tschaikowsky, Grieg, and the symphonies of the older masters." 
Ottawa has a fine Choral Society, under the directorship of 
Mr. J. E. Birch. It was organized in 1897, and recently reor- 
ganized. It has one hundred and fifty selected singers, and this 
winter will give Dvorak's "The Spectre's Bride," and Elgar's 
" The Banner of St. George," 
That Ottawa is musical may be indicated by its having almost 
one hundred music teachers. 

There are in the various churches most proficient organists, 
a few of whom we have heard, and can speak their excellence. 
Messrs. J. E. Birch, J. A. Winter (late of St. James' Methodist, 
Montreal), whose bi-monthly recitals in All Saint's Church are 
musical features; C. E. B. Price, F. 1\1. S. Jenkins, Mrs. F. M. S. 
Jenkins, Arthur Dorey, 1\11r. and Mrs. Tasse, A. Cramer, Jas. A. 
Smith, 1\1iss Alice Belanger, Mr. M. E. Dionne, Mr. A. Tremb- 
lay, a talented composer as well. 

1\1r. H. Puddicombe, Mrs. F. M. S. Jenkins (sister of the 
late Poet Lampman). Mrs, Arthur McConnell, Mr. Ernest 
Whyte (Composer), Dr. T. Gibson and 1\1rs. G. Lampman 
(mother of the poet). 

William Herbert and George Alfred Peate, probably the bec;t 
mandolin players in America, are now Ottawans. 

Mr. and Mrs. Donald Heins, Miss Honor Clayton and Mr. 
A. Tasse, :Musical Director of Russell Theatre. 

Ottawa has so many singers that a list would be mistaken 
for a musical directory. In the church choirs there are some very 
pleasing voices. A few of the Sopranos are :-Miss G. Mainguy, 




o tta'wa AI usical. 


Miss Sanford, :!VIrs. J. Angus McKenzie, 1\1iss \Vilson (this name 
being that of so many musically talented, that each may prefix 
her own initials), l\Iiss Edith Stephens and 1\Irs. Robt. Hupp. 
Contraltos.-Miss Lillian Ostrom, 1\Irs. Godwin, 1\Irs. D. 
K. :l\1cIntosh, Mrs. R. S. 1\IacPherson, :Mrs. \V. Surtees and "1Irs. 
W. Noofke. 
Tenors.-Mr, W. H. Thicke, lvlr. G. de V. O'Hara, Mr. E. 
L. Horwood, 1\1r. A. E. Ecc1estone, Mr. J. lVIacCormac Clarke, 
Mr. Robt. Hupp. 
Bass and Baritone.-1\Ir. Cecil Bethune (possibly the be:;t 
baritone in the city), 1\1r. H. E. A. Hawken, 1\Ir. Gordon Sh
hard, 1\1r. T. Cuthbertson, 1\1r. S. E. de la Ronde, 1\1r. Ch3.s. 
As in most of the Canadian cities the Catholic churches of 
Ottawa give great attention to music. Following is a list of solo- 
ists of the more prominent choirs of this church. 
Sopranos.-Mrs. A. Arcand, :!VIrs. N. 1\1. l\1athe, 1\1rs. Car- 
dinal, Mrs. Joseph :!VIahon, :Mrs. Chevrier, 1\Iiss Belanger, :Miss 
Alice Belanger, l\Iiss Agnes Duhamel, 1\fiss Doyon, 1\1iss Barthe, 
Mrs. L. Laframboise, Mrs. J. Roberge, 1\Irs. Lemaire, l\Irs. Alex. 
Spenard, 1\Irs. R. Carter, :Misses E. Chouinard, F. Lavoie, A. 
Contraltos.-1\Iisses A. 1\Iartin, A. Lefebre, A. Bigns, .A. 
Trudel, L. Leblanc, L. Carter, R. Poulin, Langlois, Leprohon, 
N. Richardson, C. Cadieux, Nannie Girouard (daughter of Judge 
Girouard), Mrs. J. A. Faulkner. 
To the list, among Contraltos, I must needs add the names of 
Mdlle. de Jaffa, of Government House, and 1\Irs. A. 1\1. 
Davis, of Rideau Convent. And just here the Co!. 
onel says: "Don't forget, among Sopranos, that sweet voice of 
little Miss Babin, we heard at the Convent." 
Tenors.-Prof. Casey, Messrs. L. P. Desviens, A. Lafon- 
taine, N. 1\1. Mathe, A. Leclerc, A. McNickoll, F. X. Talbot, G, 
Emond, E. Cardinal, A. Dubois, - Gauthier, T. Dubois, Nap. 
Taylor, Joseph Diguer, 1. Champagne, J. 1\1orin, J. B. Rioux, 
A. Belanger, R. Carter, J. Blois. 
Bass.-1\Iessrs. Eugene Belleau, A. Drouin, E. A. Bourcier, 
Rev. Father P. Granger (leader), Wm. Carter, J. Langlois, F. 
Roberge, R. Devlin, P. Pelletier, J. E. :Marion, 1. Proulx (son 
of the member for Prescott), J. Proulx, 1\1. Dugnay, Edm. Cus- 
son, F. X. Saucier, 
L Dupoint, D. Dion, G. Vincent, D. P. Der- 
mette, T. Anmond, J. Conway. 

A Great Afusical Leader. 
The man who has done more to develop the latent musical 
talent of Canada than anv other is a resident of Ottawa. lIe is 
Charles A. E. Harriss, o
f H Earnscliffe," (the late Sir John \. 
Macdonald's magnificent old home.) 


Ottawa, The Hub. - 

1\1r. Harriss undertook the herculean task of bringing [a- 
gether, not alone the singers of anyone city, but at enormous ex- 
pense of money and energy, organized choruses in nearly every 
city in Canada, and in two years had 4,000 trained voices singing 
in the various places. He brought Sir Alex. Mackenzie to con- 
duct the concerts of a line of cities clear across the continent. His 
work will be continued. Ottawa should be proud to be thus the 
centre of so great a musical field. As indicating the interest mani- 
festcd in 1\lr. Harriss' work, at \Vinnipeg, at one of his afternoon 
symphony concerts, parents brought their children, to the number 
of 1,000, to listen to classical music, starting them thus early to 
love music of high order. This speaks a volume for Winnipeg. 
Mr. Harriss has just begun his great work. He should have the 
hearty co-operation of all musical Canada. In the Syllabus of the 
Royal Academy of 1\Iusic, and the Royal College of 1\Iusic, of 
London, England, of which His Majesty the King is Patron, and 
the Prince of \Vales is the President, we find that 1\1r. Harriss is 
the Hon. Director of examinations in Canada, which fact tells 
more than anything I might say of his ability as a musical director. 

lr. Harriss is also a composer of ability. 

Guy ill aing1tY, 
whose music name is Sopra, is no prophet, if we may judge from 
the honor paid him in Ottawa, his boyhood home. But, then, that 
voice of his would command " honor" among- the most critical in 
any country. It is a pure soprano, with high register, and so de- 
lightfully pleasing (it requires both words to express it) that we 
sat spellbound in the Russell Theatre, through a programme of no 
less than twenty-four songs, mostly classical. 
He is the son of Le F. A. 1\1ainguy, chief draughtsman of the 
t Office Department. He has been under the management of 
the great R:tphael Roche, in London, under whom are such artists 
as Ludwig \Vullner, l\Iadame Jean Rannay, Senor Rubio, cellOlst 
to the late Queen of Spain, and Senor Guetary, formerly of the 
Royal Italian Opera. His stage manner, or rather its lack, is most 
pleasing. "How like Colonel "Tm. De H. V/ashinoton, when he 
was a boy of twenty," said my Colonel, who is always pointing out 
similarities when he sees anyone especially pleasing- in manner. 
I might fill pages about this wonderful Ottawan, and yet 110 
one could know, from anv words, the marvel of his voice. One 
must hear him, then one will feel its charm. 
There is another boy soprano with a fine voice-Grant Powell, 
son of Dr. R. W. Powell. He is but fourteen, and yet has a voice 
of natural sweetness and rare culture. 
* * * * * * 
Before manuscript had grown to book, I had found enoue-h 
of "Music," to have filled a volume all to itself. This was writ- 
ten in 1903. 

First By town Brass Band. 

10 3 

Many changes might be made in it, no, not changes, but addi- 
tions. In the Catholic churches the voices of the ladies are no 
longer heard in the choirs, to the weakening of the choirs. There 
were many musical events during the winter, which quíte convinc- 
ed me that I had not been too emphatic. \\That was most surpris- 
ing was to hear children from six or seven to fourteen years ren- 
dering classical music, and so well that it was pleasing to listen to. 
Apropos of music in Ottawa, here is something that may sur- 
prise those who think of Ottawa as a "by town." I have never 
seen, either in Boston or N ew York-our centres of music-a 
more beautiful or so well appointed music store as one on Sparks 
Street. It is that of J. L. Orme and Son. It is double width and 
four stories high, the third story being used as a hall in which are 
held select musical recitals. On each Saturday afternoon during 
the winter a pianola recital is held, at which are seen many of the 
music lovers of the city. 
The real beauty of this great music house is seen in the second 
floor, a short description of which will convey some notion of the 
taste shown by the Ormes. It has four exquisite art rooms, each 
brilliantly ornamented and decorated with furniture of, the Empire 
style; in old gold of mauresque type; also a la :t\Iarie Antoinette. 
This store is one of Ottawa's points of interest, especially so 
for tourists of a musical turn. 
In searching for names of old By town times, I found that 
in 1844 Paul Favreau-stilI living-organized a brass band. The 
o!d clipping which contains the names, has no date, but that mat- 
ters not, 'tis Favreau's brass band we're after, and here it is: 
Bill Burney was leader (this is wrong, it was Wm. BiIIbournie, 
as I find in another record that he was once a bandmaster in the 
B:-itish army; then again I have found those who know him wel1. 
One says, "people who did not know, thought his last name was 
two, 'Bill Burney.' I knew BiIIbournie to be a band man.") 
The other members, were J. B. Turgeon. Paul Favreau, Ned 
Dehorsy, Ned McCarthv, James Johnson, Agapit Lesperance, 
Joseph Lesperance and Louis Tasse. 


Ottawa, like 1\10ntreal, has few public Art Galleries, but 
many private collections. I have spoken elsewhere of the National 
Art Gallery at Queen and O'Connor Streets. 
Among the private collections the following have possibly 
the most choice in the City: Government House-Rideau Hall- 
Sir Sandford Fleming, Hon. A. G. Blair, John Manuel, C. A. E. 
Harriss, James Woods, Rev. Geo. F. Salton, Berkeley Powell, 
M.P.P" Alex. Lumsden, G. H. Perley, W. Y. Soper, J. J. Gor- 
mully, W. H. Davis, H. A. Bate, J. P. Featherston, John 
Christie, and David l\Iaclaren. 
At the Exposition held in September, in Lansdowne Park, 
there was a fine loan collection of paintings. Among the numbe:- 
were two from the brush of Ireland, President of the Royal 
Society of London, loaned by Peter Whelen. 

Ottawa has few professional oil painters, but of the number 
is Franklin Brownell, of world wide reputation. We saw, while 
in Ottawa, an exhibition of his work in the Wilson Gallery Gn 
Sparks Street; its beauty is its freedom from "pose." Every 
picture is just as one would see it in life. Aside from this grea.t 
artist are the Misses Stratton, Miss Patti Jack, Miss Lockwood 
and Miss Currie, of the Ottawa Ladies' College. Ottawa has an- 
other artist, one whose work just now is attracting much attention 
in the United States, where it is being hung side and side with 
the best. I refer to H. H. Vickers. 

The Woman's Art Association 
hold annually an exhibition of paintings in oil and water color. 
in the Art rooms of J\1r. James "Tilson. 123 Sparks Street. This 
Association extends over the whole of Canada, with branches in 
the chief cities. At their exhibition this year were specimens of 
the work of many of Canada's foremost women artists; of the 

Artistic Ottawa. 

10 5 

number were :i\Irs. Dignam, of Toronto, the President of the 
Association, 1\lrs. Walter H. Clemes, of Toronto. Others from 
Toronto: lVlrs. Uniache Bayley, Miss Alberta Bowers, :l\fiss 11. 
E. Good, :l\Iiss Edna Hutchison, Miss Agnes J ohllson, l\Iiss 
Minnie Kallineyer, Miss Estelle Kerr, :Miss Fanny L. Lindsay, 
1\1:iss Elsie Loudon, :ì\fiss :M. Logan, l\Iiss Hattie McCurdy, :Miss 
Carrie Sinclair, 
liss Florence E. Sigsworth, 1\1iss :M. Scroggie. 
Ottawa: 1\Iiss Cartwright, the talented daughter of Sir 
Richard Cartwright, Miss l\Iay Stratton, lV1iss Lily Stratton, 
1\Iiss Patti Jack, l\Iiss Parris, lVliss Lockwood, Miss L. 1\Ioir. 
Hamilton: :Miss Rose A. Baine, l\liss Clara E. Galbraith, 
Miss Mary Hore, lVIiss Emma Knott 
Kingston: Miss McDonald. 
Belleville: 1\1iss Emma Clarke. 
S1. John, N.B.: Miss E. A. Woodburn, l\1iss E. S. Tilley, 
Miss C. O. l\lcGiverin, l\Irs. Silas Alward, :Miss H. 1\1. Holly, 
Mrs. Alward. 
One, in looking oyer this list, will naturally wond('r 
why the largest city in Canada is not represented, and 
again will naturally remark that Toronto leads with sixte
artists, with S1. John and Hamilton well represented. A number 
of our own ladies had some fine work at the Exhibition here. 
1\lrs. Scott and Miss 1\IcConnell, of N ew York, and Miss Ida 
1\iitchell, of California, had beautiful rose pictures. Lady 
Wuytiers, of Holland, and Mrs. Holmsted, of England, also had 
This Association is doing a great work, not only in advanc- 
ing the Arts of Canada, but are reviving and fostering Indi3.n 
work, and the work of the various strange peoples who are com- 
ing to the country. There was a large display of Doukhobor and 
other handicraft. 
The women of Canada are most progressive in every line íor 
the higher advancement of the people. 

Charles Eugene Moss. 
Speaking of Art and Artists, it will be of interest to many 
an Orange (N.J.), citizen to have me speak of ::\1r. Charles 
Eugene 1\t[oss, who was once a resident of that beautiful suburb. 
He came to Ottawa, in 1891, as master of the Art School, married 
an Ottawa lady, Miss Annie Hunton, returned to Orange in 189
where he remained three years, returning to Ottawa in 1807. He 
died in 1899. He was a portrait and landscape l artist, excelling in 
landscape. He worked both in oil and water colors, some of his 
work in the latter, I have rarely seen equalled. 
1\lr. 1\loss was reared on a Nebraska farm, but worked more 
on the barn doors than in the fields. A wealthy uncle, seeing his 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

work on those doors, said" Charlie's place is not on a farm; he 
shall go to Paris," and "Charlie" went to Paris, and became a 
pupil of the great Bougereau, in genre pictures, and of Bonn1.t, 
in portraiture. Some of his work was accepted and hung in the 
American Society of vVater Colors. I often see his home here, 
now occupied by another talented young American. It is just 
as he left it; pictures hang all about the walls in different stages of 
completion, as though he had but just gone out for a little stroll, 
gone out for a sketch for further work, but he will not come again, 
his work is done. I predict that it will grow in value as the years 
go by, for it is work that appeals to the lover of the beautiful in 
nature. It appeals to the heart. 
1fr. Moss and Mr. Brownell (both Americans, the latter born 
at New Bedford, Mass.) were much together in life, both in 
Paris, under the same great masters. When Mr. Moss returned 
to the States, 1fr. Brownell came to Ottawa, to take his place as 
head master of the old Art School. . 
l\lr. Brownell has exhibited his pictures in many of the large 
American cities, where his work is greatly admired. "At the 
Spring" is on exhibition at the St. Louis Fair. It is a most com- 
mendable work. 
Apropos of this Fair, Canada has there a large collection of 
the work of Canadian artists. The Agricultural Department, 
under l\finister Fisher, has: "The Development of Canada in 
Picture." I bespeak for the Canadian Building my American 
readers, attention: See it and you will find that my pen work is 
not overdrawn. 

Growth of Art in Ottawa. 
Until within the last score of years but little attention has 
been paid to Art in Canada. The artist had been given scant en- 
couragement by the men of means, and for the reason that these 
men were too intent on "hewing" out their fortunes, to think of 
luxuries. A new generation is growing up, men who see a some- 
thing behind the dollar, and that something is bringing out the 
artistic side of this grand country. 
There is in Ottawa a good representation of this new gen- 
eration, a man who, while his wealth grew, never allowed the 
dollar to hide the something behind it. And in 

James W. Woods, 
the true artist has a most liberal patron. I said, "true artist," 
and with reason. I have never seen a private gallery so free from 
inferior pictures as that of Mr. Woods. 
Among the Canadian artists, who have contributed to his 
choice collection, I noted the names of Vickers, Brownell, Moss, 
Spurr, Miss Patti Jack, McConnell, Bell Smith, Kreigoff, Vemcr, 

A Rubens Picture. 

10 7 

Atkinson, Forester and Knowles. Of the Dutch school of paint- 
ers, he has pictures of Pieters, Israel, vVeissenbruch, DeBock, 
Deweeile, Steelink, N aakin, Kuyprus and Artz. Among the 
English artists are the names of Hughes, Tom Field, Bishop, 
Kinnaird and Stewart L. Forbes. Of the French. painters, he has 
works of Delarey, Co rot, Beaudin and Coté, And last and 
greatest of aU, he has 
A Rubens. 
It is that of "Aenias Saving His Father," I have never before 
seen a more beautiful Rubens. Like the l\furillo, in the Arch- 
bishop's Palace, mentioned elsewhere, the coloring is marvelously 
I have stolen space, to give an example of an Ottawa Art 
Gallery-that my far away reader may know the artistic taste of 
this beautiful city of the North. 
H. A. Bate. 
One of the true patrons of Canadian art is, Mr. H. A, Bate, 
or as he is familiarly known, H Harry Bate." . In his beautif'11 
home on Wilbrod Street, may be seen some of the best work of 
such well known Canadian artists as, Brownell, Vickers, Bell 
Smith, Jacobi. Paul Peal, Brymner, l\Iiss Spurr, Sherwood, Law- 
son, Henry Smith, Coté, ChaJoner and Verner. 
Besides' his large collection of paintings, l\Ir. Bate has gather- 
ed from all parts of the world rare specimens of coins, medals, 
Indian curios, arms, etc. One medal is especially rare, that struck 
for the taking of Detroit in 1812. He has one of each of the 
English muskets, from the old flint lock to the present magazine 
gun. l\fr. Bate has long taken great interest in things military, 
being at present a l\Iajor in the famous Governor General's Foot 
Guards Regiment, 
Possibly the rarest collection in Ottawa of curios from India, 
is that of Colonel Graves, on Besserer Street. The Colonel had 
long been stationed in India, and while there gathered specimens 
of the works of that wonderful people. "No two localities," 
said the Colonel, "make the same kind of work. Often a sing-Ie 
curio will be made by one man, and when he dies, the art dies with 
him. That is why the Indian curio will ever remain rare." 
In the Parliament Building, there are numerous galleries well 
worth visiting for those who like portrait art. Here are to be 
seen the Governor Generals from Monk to the present; Speakers 
of the Senate and House; also excellent portraits of three of the 
Premiers, Sir John Thompson, Sir John A. Macdonald, and the 
Hon. Alexander McKenzie. 

An Art Critic. 
Doubtless the best art critic in Ottawa, and one of the best 
in Canada, is the Rev. Dr. Geo. F. Salton, of the Dominion Metho- 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

dist. His lectures are rare treats to the lover of the beautiful in 
picture, while his sermons on Art are crowding his large church 
almost to the very aisles. In his extensive tours throughout Eng- 
land and the Continent, he has collected many fine works. He 
has also the work of Canadian artists, as well as some of our own 
best painters' pictures. 
"The Chestnut Grove," by Homer Watson, whom Dr. Salton 
kindly terms, "The Landscape Artist of Canada," was reproduced 
in the London Art Journal. King Edward has one of vVatson's 
paintings. The Doctor has several of W. St. Thomas Smith's 
l\farines. This artist is considered the marine painter of Canada. 
He has a very fine reproduction of one of Rosa Bonheur's 
"Cattles," done by Dominte, a well known Parisian painter. 
In his collection of water colors he has some exceedingly fine 
specimens. Lady Wuytier's "Poppies" is considered to be one 
of the best ever sent to this country by this talented lady. The 
coloring is marvelous for its richness. "The Rendezvous," by 
A. T. Van Laer, a New York artist, was said to be the best water 
color in the recent Pennsylvania Art Exhibition, and was n:- 
produced as such by the New York Tribune. It is pleasing to find 
the picture in Ottawa, and to hear the learned Doctor sneak in 
such kindly terms of praise of this rising young American artist. 
Ottawa, however, is not the exception, there are those here 
who see only the practical. Art or picture to them means nothing. 
I had occasion to ask of one the loan of an old photograph, in 
which he himself figured prominently, I wished to reproduce it 
as of general interest. " Yes, I have it," said he, not kindly, 
., but what is 'in it' for me? " 
"Nothing, not even yourself, as now I do not wish it!" 
And you will have to be content without the group, with him as 
the central figure. He was the rare exception, as nearly every- 
body else has been so delightfully kind that I shall ever think of 
Ottawa and art, together. 

Thirty Cent Chromo. 
Speaking of artistic taste, and knowledge of art, I am re- 
minded of its lack. A lady, once pointing to a picture in her 
beautiful parlor, said: "Do you see that painting, well I once 
attended an auction sale of household goods, and just before the 
things were put up the auctioneer, seeing me looking at .-:his 
painting, remarked, in an undertone: 'That's a little gem. Now, 
there are few here who know its value, and if you are wise yùa 
will get it.' I bid, and it was mine at less than ten dollars," l.nd 
she smiled her pleasure. I did not tell her how true the auc- 
tioneer spoke when he said: "There are few here who know its 
value." It was a 15 cent chroma in a 30 cent frame. This was 
not in Otta \Va. 

A Noted Artist. 


The Chiaro-Scura Club. 
Some of the young artists of the city have formed an .Art 
Club--the Chiaro-Scura-and are doing very commendable 
work. It has a membership of twenty-four. Its President is 
lVlr. L. F. Taylor, of the Public \Vorks Department, and .Mr. 
Frank Hazell, of the Citi:;en, is Secretary-Treasurer. 
It was Reginald Gaisford, a member of this club, who de- 
signed the cover of The Strathcona Edition of this book, The 
Hub and the Spokes. He is a talented young Englishman, with 
the Georgian Bay Canal Company. 

Henr)' Harold Vickers-Artist. 
Ottawa will some day wake up to the fact, that she has with- 
in her borders, an artist, whose fame will yet add honors to his 
adop ted city. 
In visiting the various Art Galleries, private and public, I 
occasionally saw pictures marked "Vickers." I asked of the 
many "who is Vickers?" The" many" replied, .. we do i.10t 
know!" I asked of the few, and their enthusiasm would have 
compensated the artist for the disregard of the many, could he 
have heard their kindly praise. 
Henry H. Vickers is an Englishman, born at Dudley, in 
W orchestershire. He studied in the Birmingham and :l\lidland 
Institute, under Henshaw. His works were exhibited in the 
Royal Worchester School, and received merited commendation. 
He inherits his artistic talent from both his father's and his 
mother's families, his grandfather being the well known land- 
scape painter, Alfred Vickers, and his uncle, Alfred Henry 
Vickers, of almost equal note. 
He came to Canada more than a score of years ago, but not 
until :Mr. George B. Hamilton, of Washington City, and Mr. 
Eugene D. Howell, of Detroit, Michigan, saw his work, was he 
known outside of a small circle, But, through these two gentlemen, 
his paintings have found a place alongside of those of some of 
the greatest artists in America, nor does his work lose by the 
contrast, as there is a beauty about it which marks it as the work 
of a master. 
His pictures are growing in demand since the wise collectors 
are quietly adding" Vickers" to their list. 
His fame as an artist has grown more from his small paint- 
ings than from his larger work. There is a delicacy of finish, 
which gives to these gems a rare beauty, and is wholly pleasing, 
There is ever to me, a delight in predicting good, for those 
whose ability warrants the good. It is, therefore, a pleasure to 
predict that the time will come, when the work of this artist will 
command prices which would now be looked upon as beyond 


Ottcrwa, The Hub. 

That talent is inherited is seen in the sketches of Mr. 
Vickers' ten year old son, Reginald, who is already doing work 
far beyond his years. This boy has always been 

A Pushing Artist, 
and in saying this I speak advisedly. When 'but five years old 
he used to paint little pictures for his friends, and lest his friends 
would not accept them, he gave them no choice, but, like Whittier, 
with his early poems, was want to carry them around and push 
them under the doors of the friends, and then run away lest he 
be detected. Reginald is a pushing artist, and will yet make his 
mark, and that will be the mark of generations, for it will be 
" Vickers." 


Ottawa Lecturers. 
Winter Ottawa far surpasses Summer Ottawa in pleasur
both intellectual and physical. This is natural, but is more marked 
here than in .any Canadian city we have visited. Socially there 1S 
possibly more gayety in 1\:Iontreal,-Ottawa runs more to the in- 
tellectual. Throughout the winter, many lectures are given b
fore churches, societies and clubs. In this, Ottawa is wonder-- 
fully favored in having enough home talent, of a hie-h order, H'Jt 
to have to depend upon outside sources. Our great Stoddart is 
scarcely more entertaining in his lectures of travel than is the Rev. 
Dr. George F. Salton, who is giving semi-monthly illustrated 
lectures, in the Dominion l\lethodist Church, on his travels. His 
worù pictures are marvels of beauty, while some of his canvas 
views are unsurpassed. This is especially true of his Paris 
views which are said to be among the finest ever brought to 
Before the Ottawa Literary and Scientific Society were ùe- 
livered lectures by such well known men, mostly Ottawans, as Sir 
Louis Davies, Rev. Geo. F. Salton, Dr. Robert Bell, 1\1f. J. S. 
Plaiskett, Prof. John 1fcNaughton, of McGill University, Dr. 
Leonard Vaux, Rev. Robt. Hutcheon, and Mr. Thomas McFar- 
!ane. One subject is of special interest to all of Canada, and that 

U Our Forest and I ts Preservation/
by Dr. Robert Bell, F,R.S. Canada cannot too soon become 
" wise" on this matter. We once thought our forests were in- 
exhaustible, but when too late we saw our mistake. Canada 
should learn from our error, and not delay preserving this, one 
of her great resources of wealth. I have spoken elsewhere ùf 
the semi-monthly lectures before the Canadian Club. All this 
tends to the intellectual advancement of the city, and accounts 
Ottawa,. possibly standing second to none of its size on the con- 
tinent, so that if any of you down home, think that Canada's 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

\Vashington is not up-to-date, }OU want to come up and spend 
a month among these" Northern Lights." 
Ottawa has numerous other lecturers of note: Rev. Dr. \V. 
T. Herridge, "the Beecher of Canada," Prof. Prince, of lhe 
1\!Iarine and Fisheries Department, :l\Iackenzie King, Deputy 
:Minister of Labor, Rev. Norman :McLeod, Dr. ], G. Rutherford, 
Rev. T. \V. Gladstone, I\Ir. Geo. A. S. Gillespie and others. :Mr. 
Benjam!n SuIte, of frequent mention, is one of the most remark- 
able speakers in Canada. He has delivered over three hundred 
lectures, and has never written out one of them beforehand. His 
very conversation is a delight, for he always says something. He 
is almost a counterpart of the late :Max O'Rell-the photograph 
of one might well serve for the other. 
lVlany of the other writers are entertaining lecturers as 
well as writers. Among the authors we find such names as 
Wm. \Vilfrid Campbell, Lawrence Burpee, Canon Low, Dr. 
Charles l\Iorse, A. C. Campbell. Prof. ] as. 1\lacoun, and his son, 
J. 1\1. l\Iacoun, and J. B. Brown. Then, in various branches of 
the Government, and in other callings, are men who would have 
made their mark on the lecture platform. Among these are Dr. 
Baanel, Ph. D., Cot. W. P. Anderson, C.E., J. F. \Vhite, J. 
Francis \Vaters, lVLA., A. J. Jolliffe, Otto J. Klotz. \Vm. J. 
Topley, an entertaining talker on Art, Anthony McGill, Canon 
Kittson, Capt. C. F. Winter. Besides these there are numerO
others, for to entertain by mind-effort seems first nature with 
the educated Ottawan 
I have never heard a more beautiful lecture on Lincoln, than 
" Log Cabin to White House," by a former Ottawan, Rev. RoDt. 
E. Knowles. It is delightful to hear, in a foreign land, one's 
home idol so charmingly spoken of as Rev. 1\fr. Knowles spoke 
of dear" Old Abe." 

Which One Lectured? 
On leaving a hall, one evening where we had been attending 
a lecture, the Colonel asked. "Rube, which one of those men 
lectured, the first or the last?" 
"Why, the first one, of course; the last one was only pro- 
posing a vote of thanks, Colonel, you are very, very verdant at 
" Well, how could I tell, when the last man spoke far longer 
than the first one, and seemed to know so much more about the 
subject than the other fellow? I thought the first one was a sort 
of an introducer." 
"Oh, I see; well one might look at it that way!" said I. 
I have spoken of the winter sports, skating, skeeing, to- 
tobogganing and hockev, but after seeing the great game of hockey 
played between the Winnipeg Rowing Club and the Ottawa 
Hockey Club for 

The Stanley Cup. 


I feel that I know more about this lightning express game 
than ever before. I have never seen war, but I have seen Rugby 
football, and judging from that I must conclude that war is only 
play compared with hockey when the Stanley Cup is the stake. 
Both teams claimed that the other was rough, the first game of 
the three, but it was so hard to determine which was right, that 
the stitches taken in the heads of the players had to be counted, 
Winnipeg won on the contention by three stitches, but when the 
Ottawas showed up the cut feet it came out a tie. Just here 
would be the place to say "but joking aside," but he of 
broken thumb says, " it's no joke." 
It was in the new Aberdeen Rink, in Lansdowne Park, 
where the games were played. Two out of three, and Ottawa 
won the first and last, Winnipeg winning the second by 6 to 2. 
I used to wonder why Canadian men were so strenuous, -lnd 
now I find that the women of Canada. are quite as full of endur- 
ance as her men. On the nie-ht of the last game the thermometer 
stood lower than any night since r896, and yet in that great cold 
storage the ladies sat, watched and cheered, until nearly midnight, 
with nothing but wraps and enthusiasm to keep them warm. No 
wonder that Canada is such a country of strenuous men and fair 
Hockey is immensely popular. Their Excellencies, Lord and 
Lady Minto, and many of the elite of the city, were in attendance 
at these games. The Ottawa team is composed of young men 
of the highest circle in the city, and are very popular. 
Lady :Minto, who is withal a clever writer, in an article in 
"The Badminton Magazine," on skating, says in part: "The 
reason of this wonderful proficiency is not far to seek. The 
Canadian boy can skate as soon as he can walk. I t matters noth- 
ing to him if he skates on ice, or snow on the frozen sidewalk 
or road; it becomes second nature; his balance is perfect, and His 
confidence complete." A visit to any of the many rinks will 
make one very naturally exclaim. "Lady :Minto might have said 
'Canadian boy and girl'" for the proficiency of some of the.;e 
dear little girls is nothing short of marvellous. They remind 0:Ie 
of the swallows on the wing, so easy they flit about over the ice 
and seem never to tire. 
While on (I ice" and winter pleasures, I may say, that a very 
pretty feature of entertainment, is the occasional 

Monday Afternoons at Rideau Rink. 
One or more of the society ladies will send out invitations 
for a skating reception and supper at Rideau-the fashionable- 
Rink. The rink is engaged for the afternoon (always Monday) 


Ottawa j The Hub. 

and evening, and the ladies entertain as if giving a dance at their 
own houses. 

At IIomes 
are very conventional in Ottawa, or I might say in Canada. The 
hostess seldom introduces her guests. To the stranger calling, 
this is embarassing, but for the callers of the city, it is taken for 
granted that they know each other. 

New Years Calling. 
Calling on New Year's Day is confined almost exclusively 
to official circles. The Governor General holds a reception in 
the Eastern Block, which is attended by a large number of gentie- 
men-from 700 to 1000 paying their respects, as the Governor is 
very popular. Lady Minto's popularity is shown not only on 
New Year's Day, but at all functions at Rideau Hall. Her cordial 
manner at her home is proverbial. 
Most of the wives of the Cabinet Ministers are at home on 
New Year's Day to their friends. 


Ottawa has many poets and writers, some of them of 110t 
only national, but even of world-wide fame; so many are there 
that in a work of this nature, I can but give a list of them, as to 
give details of their works would require a volume, nor am I able 
to give a list in proper order of prominence. Out of courtesy, 
however, to him who has don
 so much in giving to the world the 
biographies of the great men, and noble women, of Canada, I will 
head the list with trr. Henry J. Morgan, LL.D. Mr. Morgan 
has written more books on biographical subjects than any other 
Canadian writer. 
He was pioneer in two branches of literature in Canada- 
Canadian biography and Canadian bibliography. These publica- 
tions are to be found in all the principal libraries of the world. 
No Canadian has done more to make known the intellectual re- 
sources of this country. His works would form a small library 
in themselves. His three latest publications: "Canadian Men 
and Women of the Time," " Types of Canadian Women, Past and 
Present," and "Canada, its People and its Institutions," have 
greatly added to his much deserved literary reputation. 
11any of the readers of Harper's, the Atlantic Monthly, the 
Century, and other high-class magazines, will be surprised to hear 
that Mr. William Wilfrid Campbell, whose poems have so delight- 
ed them, is an Ottawa man. He is not only a true poet of nature, 
but a; strong prose writer as well. In strength of expression he is 
not unlike his great relative, Thomas Campbell, whose "Plea- 
sures of Hope" has long delighted the world. 
Mr. Benjamin SuIte, President of the Royal Society of 
Canada, might well head any list of Canadian writers of prose 
and French lyrical verse. He is Canada's best informed histor- 
ian, or as Mr. SuIte himself would say: "A Historical Book- 
keeper." He has the rare faculty of making every word count. 
There is a book which I found invaluable when writing of 
Montreal and the country adjacent to Lake St. Louis. It is full of 
data pertaining to the settlers of early days, when Canada was 


 The Hub. 

a wilderness. That book is "Lake St. Louis and Cavaliere de 
la Sal1e
" by the Hon. Desire Girouard, D.C.L., LL.D., (and sun 
D. H., now deceased), Judge of the Supreme Court of Canada. 
It was written in French and translated by the Judge. He has 
recently published a Supplement, translated into English by l\fr. 
Augustus Power, K.C. It is a valuable work showing years of 
research. Both volumes are beautifully, and most profusely 
illustrated with full page pictures, ancient plans, maps, etc. The 
book is highly appreciated by connoisseurs. 
The publishers are Poirier, Bissette & Co., of Montreal. 
The hundreds of thousands of readers of the" Youth's Com- 
panion" will be glad to see the name of l\Ir. E, \V. Thompson, 
whilom revising editor of that great favorite among our young 
people. He wiII be better known, however, as the author of 
" Old Man Savarin," and other tales, as the" editor" is too often 
swallowed up by the publication. 
W. D. LeSueur, LL.D., essayist of a high order. 
Lawrence J. Burpee, essayist and magazine writer of much 
ability. His style is so mature that on meeting him one almoc;t 
involuntarily exclaims, " Why, you're only a boy, when I thought 
you might have been gran'pa." His style is "mature," not old; 
and withal very pleasing. 
There are two stories which have for years held a firm place 
in my memory, stories whose author I had never known until to- 
day. " The Dodge Club," and " A Manuscript Found in a Cop- 
per Cillender" are the stories. They created world-wide interest 
when they came out in Harper's years ago. They were anony- 
mously written. To-day I learned that they were both by the late 
J as. De ti ill e, an uncle of 1fr. Burpee. 
Mrs. Anna Howells Frechette, prose. l\irs. Frechette is a 
sister of our own great author, William Dean Howells, and wife of 
Achille Frechette, brother of the poet, Louis-who is himself a 
poet, but better known as an artist. This is indeed a literary and 
scientific family on both sides, so that it is no surprise to find their 
daughter, l\Iiss Viva, an artist o
 much promise. 
J. H. Ritchie, County Crown Attorney for Carleton, writer 
of society plays, well known in the United States. He won a $300 
prize for the best society play offered' by a Philadelphia stock com- 
pany. He is a son of the late Sir William Ritchie, Chief Justice 
of Canada. 
A. D, DeCelles, Litt. D., F.R.S.C., General Librarian of Par- 
liament, historical writer, was given a prize by the Academie des 
Sciences, Morales et Politiques, Paris, in r897, for his" Les Etats 
Unis" (The United States). M. DeCelles is a relative of Oliver 
Wendell Holmes. 

Ottawa Literary. 


Errol Bouchette, member of a very noted family, running 
back through to the earlyl days of the New France. Mr. Bouchette 
is a well known writer of economics, which he illustrates through 
the form of a novel. 
Duncan C. Scott, poet and prose writer, famous as one of the 
best short story writers of the day. 
W. Chapman, poet. A book of this famous poet is now in 
the press in Paris, and will be issued early in 1904. It is looked 
forward to with much interest. 
Leon Gerin, F.R.S., prose writer, political economy, and social 
John Henry Brown, poet. 
Frank Waters, poet, essayist and lecturer. 
J. E. Caldwell, poet. 
Gordon Rogers, private secretary of :Mr. G. F. o 'Halloran, 
Deputy l\.iinister of Agriculture, prose and poetry. Many a reader 
of American magazines will recognize this name as that of a 
writer of short stories of great strength and charm. Mr. Rogers 
inherited, from his father, the late Christopher Rogers, of Mercer 
County, Pennsylvania, the faculty of story-telling, as 'tis said that 
the senior was unexcelled as a racconteur. 
Remi Tremblay, prose writer and poet. 
Alfred Garneau, poet and prose writer. 
George Johnson, Dominion Statistician, and a very 
essayist and author. Mr. J ohn50n is a versatile writer. lIe 
started in by proving the exception among preachers' sons, and 
not proving the exception among Nova Scotians. He was a 
newspaper man as far back as the sixties, was a militia captain in 
1866, and would have seen service had not the Fenians so quickly 
grown tired of Canadian climate. He travelled extensively in 
Europe in 1876 to 1880. Fortunately for Canada, he did not ac- 
cept flattering offers and remain, as they wanted him to do. In 
1881 he was Chief Census Commissioner. In 1886 he went to 
British Columbia with Sir John Macdonald. In 1887 and 1888 he 
was with Sir Charles Tupper in Washington, at which time he 
met and saw much of Hon. Joseph Chamberlain. He was once 
the President of the Press Gallery, and attended the first Parlia- 
ment in 1867. He is the father of the Year Book. He is the 
author of many works valuable to Canada. He is now getting 
out a work for" Canada at the St. Louis Fair." 
All writers should pat the heads of small children; then, if 
by rare chance they become great, it will be a life-long joy to the 
þatties. N ow one of the pleasures of :rvir. Johnson is to re- 
member having been patted by "The Father of American Humor," 
Judge Haliburton, of "Sam Slick" fame. "This does not al- 


o tta,wa
 The Hub. 

ways hold good," said the Colonel, at this point. "I once had a 
teacher, who has since become a famous writer, but I just can't 
work up any sentiment about the patting he was wont to give 
me in the early days of my career. He did not use his hand, 
however, which may have made the difference. He used a small 
limb of a tree, which struck me at the time as being a club." 
" And doubtless should have been, but' that's another story.' 
Colonel, was he the teacher-author who wrote that touching story, 
, How to raise boys?' " but he only gave me a sort of an Oh-don't- 
get-funny look, as he changed the subject to the war in the far 
" Col. D. Streamer" is a familiar nom de plume to many Eng- 
lish and American readers, who have enjoyed" Ruthless Rhymes 
for Heartless I-Iomes," and other books of verse by this clever 
It will be pleasing to those readers to know that Harry 
Graham, A.D.C. to His Excellency, Lord 11into, is quite as de- 
lightful a Captain as he is a "Col." N or is the Captain a book 
writer alone. During our stay in the Capital, it was our pleasure 
to see and hear his "Bluebeard-A 1\1 usical- Mellow- Farce," at 
Rideau Hall. After three hours of smiles, we could not think of 
a single minute of the time in which we wished to make excuse 
for lack of excellence by reason of "only amateur acting." I 
have rarely met one so cle-ver, so versatile, as he. 
Ottawa has many able writers on special subjects. Some 
of them have written largely in their various lines, and are widely 
Sir James A. Grant, M.D., is a prolific writer on medical 
subj ects. 
Sir Sandford Fleming, K.C.M.G., one of the greatest civil 
engineers of his time (he it was who surveyed the Intercolonial 
and the Canadian Pacific Railway across the continent), besides 
writing on engineering, has written on many political subjects 
pertaining to Canada and the Empire. Sir Sandford is called 
"The Father of the Pacific Cable." 
E. R. Cameron, Registrar of the Supreme Court, is an able 
Dr. Robert Bell, D.Sc., Contab. LL.D., F.R.S.C., Deputy Head 
and Director of the Geological Survey Department, is a most able 
scientific writer and lecturer. 
A. Colin Campbell is the author of a valuable work: "In- 
surance and Crime." 
Dr. J. C. Glashan, writer on mathematical subjects. The 
Doctor stands at the head among mathematicians in Canada, and 
has few equals in America. I 
M. J. Gorman, K.C., legal writer. 

Otta-wa Literary. 


Chas. A. Morse., LL.D., B.C.L., D.C.L., Deputy Registrar 
of the Exchequer Court, essayist. Contributor of the Boston 
Green Bag and American Law Review. Assitant editor of the 
Canadian Law Journal. The doctor, although but a young man, 
has earned all of his degrees. 
C. H. :Masters, K.C., official reporter of the Supreme Court, 
legal subjects; editor of the Canadian Law Journal. 
I have often wondered what would be the sensation of pleasure 
to the author, who could write a book, that would make the students 
of the world's doings, with one accord, rise and exclaim, " Great! 
The result of marvelous research! Unique of its class! The )ne 
full, precise, and definite authority in existence!" That sensa- 
tion of pleasure must have been Dr. A. G. Doughty's, and his col- 
laborator, G. W. Parmelee's, for in their 

USeige of Quebec, and the Battle of the Plains of Abraham," 
recently published, they have produced that which stands alone, 
the wonder of research. 
For nearly one and a half centuries have the writers of many 
lands written of that world-famous siege and battle, but most cf 
them have been content to write of hackneyed facts, the later J"'- 
pending for their information upon the earlier historians, but 
these authors have gone to the very source, and found so much 
that is new and valuable, that their six volumes seem new history 
of those stirring times. 
Dr. Doughty has recently been appointed Dominion Archi- 
vist. He has now in hand the collecting and arranging in system 
of the valuable archives of the Dominion. That these archives 
are rare and valuable is evidenced by the fact, that even our own 
searchers for the old in Western American history, come to Ottawa 
rather than vVashington for the earliest data. 
The Doctor is the author of other. works of note, especially 
that of "The Citadel and the Fortifications of Quebec," and in 
collaboration with N. E. Dionne, "Quebec Under Two Flags." 
There may be, and no doubt are, a number of other writers. 
but the stranger can scarcely hope to be wholly accurate in all 
lines, especially the " stranger" who is wholly accurate in none. 
And if I have failed to give a list complete and left out any, who 
are" just as good as him," I beg humble pardon of that" any." 
Truly Ottawa is literary! 
It will naturaIly follow that the Capital is a city of readers. 
Ottawa is as much up to the times in "what's worth reading" 
a3 any of our own cities. All the magazines of any note are to 
be had at the bookseller's stand, and the Ottawan is not only 
quick to know" what's to read," but is prompt to secure it. For 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

this reason there are a number of very much up-to-date book- 
stores here. 
Curiosity led me to ask of the various dealers the six be
selling magazines or periodicals, with the following result. I 
began at the Russell House, where C. M. Jolicoeur has one of his 
three places, the other two being a bookstore on Rideau Street, 
and a stand at the Grand Union Hotel. His six were Munsey, 
Argosy, Strand, Pearson, J\1cClure and Smart Set. 
James Hope & Son: Ladies' Home Journal, J\Iunsey, Strand, 
:McClure, Harper's :Monthly and Pearson. 
C. Thorburn: Strand, Ladies' Home Journal, Munsey, Mc- 
Clure, Argosy, and Pearson, with Everybodys coming up as a 
good seller. 
Fotheringham & Popham: Strand, Everybodys, Ladies' 
Home Journal, McClure, Munsey and Argosy. 
James Ogilvy (who has just moved into one of the best ap- 
pointed stores in Canada): Strand, Pearson, Munsey, Ladies' 
Home Journal, Argosy and McClure. 
When I asked J. G. Kilt, he replied: "It would be hard to 
tell. I sell, all told, 265 different magazines and periodicals." 
A. H. Jarvis, of "The Bookstore": Ladies' Home Journal, 
Ivlunsey, Pearson, Woman's Home Companion, :McClure and 
Frank Leslie's. I was pleased to find in his list the 

Woman's H ome Companion, 
which, he says, "is fast taking a place alongside of the Ladies' 
Home Journal." I say "pleased," for it comes from myoId 
home, Springfield, Ohio, and apropos of which city, it may not be 
known, but it is a fact, that more copies of daily, weekly .llld 

Springfield, Ohio, a Periodical Centre. 
monthly publications go out from its presses than from those of 
any city of its size in the world. 
Large numbers of New York, Boston, Philadelphia and other 
newspapers are received here daily. From New York they reach 
here early in the evening of the day of publication. Among them 
are The World, American, Herald, Telegraph, Post and Tribune. 
The Boston Herald and the Globe are very popular. From 
Chicago are the American, News, Tribune, Inter-Ocean and Re- 
cord-Herald. Possibly the two most popular American weeklies aïe 
the Philadelphia Saturday Evening Post ami the Utica Saturday 
Globe. Of the latter one newsdealer sells 400 copies each week. 

The Press. 


The newspapers and other publications of the city are well 
conducted and enterprising. 
The Citizen, morning, evening and semi-weekly (Conserva- 
tive). It is published by a limited company, with Mr. Wm. 11. 
Southam, managing director, :Mr. Harry S. Southam, Secretary- 
Treasurer. JVIanaging editor, Mr. E. W, B. :l\Iorrison; night 
Ir. B. B. Keefer and I\fr. T. W. Quayle, news editor. 
The Ottawa Journal, evening and semi-weekly, (Indepen- 
dent), by a limited company with I\lr. Philip D. Ross as presi- 
dent. The company also publishes the Ottawa Valley Journal. 
Editor-in-chief, Mr. Philip D. Ross; managing editor, Mr. George 
H. Wilson; city editor, Mr. W. H. Macdonald; news editor, Mr. 
C. H. E. Askwith. Robt. B. Faith is editor of the Ottawa Valley 
The Ottawa Free Press, evening and semi-weekly, (Liberal.) 
Mr. Alfred Wood, managing director; editor-in-chief, I\Ir. Hadden 
Taylor, our old friend of the Montreal Herald. 
Le Temps, (Liberal), is the only French daily published in 
the Province of Ontario. F. V, I\10ffet, manager. 
The weekly newspapers are:- 
The Canadian Farmer, Rideau Press Publishers. 
Danebrog, editor C. C. Myer. 
Dominion Presbyterian. Publisher, J. T. Pattison. 
Ir. A. J. l\fagurn, editor. 1Ir. 
Iagurn also pub- 
lishes The Canadian Parliamentary Guide, giving the names and 
biographical sketches of the members and officials of the Govern- 
ment, a most valuable work. 
Hull City Advance. Editor J. T. Pattison. 
L'Ontario Francais (Liberal). 
United Canada (Independent.) 
Semi-Monthly, Der Kanadische Kolonist. 
Holiness Era. 
Young People's Guide. 
Monthly: The Canadian Mining Review. 
The Gatineau Beacon. Editor, J. T. Pattison. 
Patent Review. 
Annually: Mr. Henry J. Morgan of frequent mention, pub- 
lishes his "Canadian JVIen and Women of the Time" and "Cana- 
dian Parliamentary Companion,"! two very noted publications with 
a circulation bounded alone by the English language. The form- 
er book is to be found in almost every library of any note in the 
world. His next volume will be "Canada, it's people and it'1j 
Insti tu tions". 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

University of Ottawa Review. 
There is a publication here worthy of more than a passing 
note, worthy in this, that it is conducted by young men, some of 
whom, scarce out of their 'teens, and yet so ably is it conducted 
and so full of well written matter that one might look upon it as 
that of men trained to the work. I refer to The University of 
Ottawa Review. 
The editorial staff contains students of the University from 
not only many parts of Canada, but from the United States as 
well-from our own country are many students in attendance, 
more particularly from the Eastern States. 
Editorial Staff: J. E. Burke, 'aS, W. Cavanagh, '06, P. 
Byrnes, 'aS, J. Downey, 'aS, G. Bushey, '06, J. Freeland, '05, 
J. Torseney, '06, W. P. Derham, '06, J. Tobin, '06, T. Sloan, '06, 
A. McDonald, '06, G. O'Toole, '06. Business managers: J. C. 
Walsh, 'oS, J. George, '06. ' 
The young business managers are clever writers as welI as 
managers. I judge from some of their productions. 
Ottawa being the capital, the newspapers of the Dominion send 
some of their brightest young men to represent them during the 
session of Parliament. The "boys" in many instances represent a 
number of papers besides their own, as their capacity for work 
seems almost limitless. Their motto is to "get what you're sent 
for," which makes apropos 

A Good Reporter's Story. 
(The "Good" refers to the story.) 
In 1866 during the Fenian Raid a reporter then young but 
still on active duty here in Ottawa, was sent to get a report of a 
secret meeting to be held by a Fenian Committee. But then let him 
tell it for himself: " You see it was this way. I had heard of 
meeting and told 'the old man'-'get the story' was all he said. 
Well, I found that the committee was to meet in the top floor of 
a three story building. I found the place, but all the doors were 
locked tight and no possible way of getting in. Looking 'round, 
I spied a large icicle that hung from the roof to the ground. I did 
not hesitate a moment as the 'old man' had said 'get the story.' 
Well sir, I climbed that icicle and for two hours hung just outside 
the window of the committee room, and next morning our paper 
had a three column verbatum report of that meeting. It was a 
bomb shell thrown into the Fenian camp. It was a sensation to 
the public. It broke up the raid and the war closed. The 'old 
man' raised my salary $1.37, but I have never since felt kindly to- 
ward the Canadian Government. You see the militia who had 
started to drive the Fenians back, have all been 'medaled' and 

The Press Gallery. 

12 3 

quarter-sectioned, for doing nothing but 
atch the Fenians ru?, 
while I, who really broke up the whole busmess, have not, to tIus 
day, gotten even 'honorabíe mention.' Rube," said he, in closing, 
"could your Yankee reporters beat this?" 
"Great Scott, no! Our icicles grow too small! " 

Boys of the Press Gallery. 
Arthur Beauchesne, Le Journal, Montreal; P. E. Bilkey, Tel
gram, Toronto; J. A. Brousseau, Le Temps, Ottawa; Gerald II, 
Brown, The Witness, Montreal; Fred. Cook, T. Passingham, A. 
D. Ramage, :Mail and Empire, Toronto; W. H. Dickson, 11. O. 
Hammond, Charles A. :Mathews, The Globe, Toronto; James 
Dunlop, A. B. Hanney, The Herald, Montreal; J. A. Fortier and 
H. F. Fortier, La Patrie, 1Iontreal; H. F. Gadsby, Star, Toronto; 
John A. Garvin, Bernard Mullin, The News, Toronto; W. H. 
Greenwood, The World, Toronto; C. H. E. Askwith, Journal, 
Ottawa; H. R. Holmden, (president of the press gallery), Frank 
MacNamarra, F. H. Turnock, Star, Montreal; S. L. Kidd, John 
Scott, Gazette, Montreal; Rodolphe Leferriere, (secretary of the 
press gallery), La Presse, Montreal; Wm. :Mackenzie, Free Press, 
Winnipeg; J. 11. McLeod
 Citizen, Ottawa; 4\' J. iVIagurn, Events, 
Ottawa; Marc Sauville, Le Canada, :Montreal; M. 0, Scott, Spec- 
tator, Hamilton. 
In the" Art Gallery" you will see a group of the "boys" taken 
around the Queen's Monument. 

Moral Tone of the Canadian Press. 
There is a marked difference between the newspapers of 
Canada and those of the States; most of the dailies of the Domin- 
ion are semi-religious. There is a greater difference in the sen- 
sationalism of those of the two countries. Here, like the New 
York Times, they print "all the news that is fit to read." They are 
more careful about their facts. The Colonel savs that he l1as 
noticed that most of their facts are true, and th;:),t they seldom have 
to correct on Saturday what they said on Thursday. 
At first one finds oneself missing the sensational, but later 
on life is far more content without it. 
Sunday newspapers, with. few exceptions, must be brought 
from our American cities. 

Les itl ajeste. 
Taking the Canadian press as a whole, I am much pleased 
with it; and yet I must confess that in Germany there is more 

12 4 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

careful editing than is occasionally found here. If the following 
instance were to occur in that country, the paper would run some 
risk of being "up" for Les ]vI ajeste. In a good Liberal paper ap- 
peared this: "Sir Wilfrid Laurier and-were presented medals 
commemorative of-". Immediately above this item was, "To the 
feeble and weak, take Scouts-Disolution-it is sustaining and 
good for the nerves." And speaking of "nerves." the very next 
item beneath the "medal" presentation was about somebody's 
brand of tobacco being "hard to get". Of course this had no re- 
ference to the lost cigarette bill, which had just been up before 
the House. But to continue, the next item below was "Three 
murderers hanged "-1 hardly need say that this was a States' 
item, as they have so few occasions of this nature in Canada that 
they must depend upon us to furnish them. In the column to the 
left and almost beside the "medal" item, yon are given the valu- 
able information that "Somebody's Food is three times better than 
anybody else's, while the "Liniment ad", just below, is fonowed 
immediately by another tragedy, "A love tragedy," in which the 
lover, slays his sweetheart and shoots himself. Of course this too, 
was in the States, as they don't love to that extent up here. I 
might continne, but these, which are exactly as I give them-will 
illustrate the Les M ajeste point I raised. 
Nor is Canada alone moral as to her press. One day I heard 
a member of Parliament in a casual conversation sav: "Canada 
should never become a part of the United States. It 
ould lower 
our standard of morals too much." 
"Yes, Colonel, I said, an M.P." 
" Well, he ought to know." 
"That's the worst of it, Colonel, he did know. Big as he was 
I took him to task about the assertion, and found that he was all 
ready and waiting for just such a patriotic country's defender as 
your brother Rube. N ext time I will go and look up data before 
I start in on that line of defence. "Vhy, he handled figures equal 
to a Glashan; especially on 

Divorce and Divorce Laws. 
"Take," said he, "yonr divorc
 laws. They are simply abom- 
inably wicked. In some of your States there is hardly a semblance 
of marriage. They simply herd together." 
"Look here," said I, "that's pretty strong." 
" Facts warrant it," and would you believe me, Colonel, that 
M.P. just reached into his other pocket and drew out such data as 
this, and said, "Read for yourself." (I wont name the town in 
California as it's a friend of mine). "One divorce to five marriag-es. 
Rhode Island, one divorce to eight marriages. 

Divorce Laws of the United States. 


vne to 18, while taking the United States as a whole, there is. 
one divorce to everyone hundred and eighty-five marriages." 
"v VeIl, how does that compare with Canada," asked the 
"That's where the 1LP. proved his point. Now would, 'Jr 
could you, believe it possible, Colonel, that side and side could 
stand two countries with such a horrible difference in that human 
condition, which should be looked upon as the most sacred of 
conditions. Now, listen: while we have in the States one divorce 
to 185 marriages, Canada has only one divorce to 63,000 mar- 
riages. * 
"What do you think of that, Colonel?" 
" It's Damnable-and in writing that down, don't fail to put 
in a large "D". It is enough Rube, to make one ashamed of one's 
country, and td think that our gullible voters will keep on sending 
lawyers to make our laws, who for gain, will continue to frame 
divorce laws with such big holes in the frames that a home may be 
pulled through and broken into bits on the rocks, while the law 
rr..aking lawyers complacently stand and rub their hands while 
their victims are counting out their fees. Fees, fees. All for 
fees. Yes, Rube, be sure you put in a big 'D'." 
"\Vhen I got through reading this, I bethought me of an en- 
gagement I had in Hull, but the M.P. said, "Hold on, I'm not 
through with you yet, I want to tell you that you Yankees ha'ie 
too little respect for Sunday for us. You don't respect that day as 
much as the heathen Chinee respects his day of rest." 
" Yes, but my dear man I have an engagement in Hul1." 
"And I want to tell you that in many of your cities and in all 
of your great cities, your saloon element runs your municipal 3.f- 
fairs absolutelv. And moreover-" 
"Colonel, . at this point I bolted for Hull, to keep my engage- 
ment. That 11.P. will never see me again if I see him first, but 
really, Colonel, if what he said was true about divorce, it was a 
long shot" 
" Yes, with another "D," said he emphatically. 
Some might call the laws up here "Blue," but I have notcd 
very carefully that more people are made happy by reason of thdr 
enforcement than are inconvenienced thereby. Take this city for 

NOTJt.-This number. thou
h given flS accurate. is an error. The facts. }l(1wen'r 
are nearly ae strong, and the faets are theFe: In 33 
ears there have been but 315 
divorce!', granted in all Canada, New Brunswick leading \\ ith lB. while Prince Kèlward 
Islalld has not one to herdi,.credit. There "ere 661 divorced people Hvine- in CAnada in 
1901, but. to ",how that most. of them were dh.orced elsc" here. Ontario is credited with 
229, whil e there have be en in 33 years but 51 divorces grllnted in this Province. 
-The re'ailon8 are p lafÏ1: T 
('ãihõlic(,hu-rch -" ill not anow it-its members nõt 
wfllhing it-and the t'roteBtants are ashamed to so di"honor themselveF<. Rave we 
become dE'generate in thinking 1'0 H
ht1y Of the dif'gTace 
 It looks it! But J must stop 
talking of the aubject lest it be that I will not netld the Colonel to do the strong language 
part for me. 


Ottawa 3 The Hub. 

instance,-stores close at 6 P.M., except on Saturday. All saloons 
close at 7 P.11. on Saturday. All cigar stores and saloons are 
closed on Sunday. One saloon supplies drinks to each 844 of 
population; New York City requires one to each 250. Ottawa 
just now is agitating one saloon to each 1000 population, and has 
almost enough Aldermen convinced that their heads will drop, 
next election, if the ratio is other than I to 1,000. Ottawa is a 
great city for "long shots" when morality is the stake, and a great 
deal of this is due to the healthy moral tone of the newspapers. 
Later.-The " heads" will not drop as it is now" I to 1,000." 

B'jltown Press. 
The Independent, a Liberal paper, was started in 1834, by 
J as. Johnson. It was the first. It was followed in 1836 by the By- 
town Gazette, Conservative, conducted by the famous Dr. A. J. 
Christie. Dawson Kerr started the Advocate in 1842. In 1843 a 
Mr. Harris launched the Packet, which became the Citizen in 
185I. It went through many hands before it finally reached it's 
present high position among Canadian newspapers. In 1849 The 
Orange Lily budded out, for Dawson Kerr and Wm. P. Lett. It 
bloomed into the Railway Times, then faded and died, as have so 
many other By town and early Ottawa newspaper "buds." Henry 
J. Friel was in various ways connected with the early papers. 

I mþortance of the Press. 
Few people take into consideration the vast benefits of the 
press, to a new country. They too often think that they 
fully compensated their newspaper, when they have paid 
their bills for advertising, or brought in a bushel of 
turnips on account of their subscription. They seem not to think, 
that but for their struggling "weekly," their very existence 
would often not be known to the outside world. I have learned 
more of the great North-western Country, through the "weeklies," 
on file in the Senate Reading Room, then I could possibly have 
learned in any other way. Village after village, town after town, 
are there read, and known of for the first time. 
If I were thinking of emigrating to a new country, I would 
first seek out the files of the newspapers of that country, and from 
the support given them, would judge where best to go, to find a 
people of enterprise, and a locality with progressive notions. 

Growth of the Press. 
Many who read these lines will be surprised to learn of the 
rapid growth of the Canadian press. In 1864 there were, all told. 
but 286 newspapers in Canada; in 1874, 456; 1881, 567; in 18 9 1 , 

Growth of the Press. 

12 7 

829; in 1902, 1236; and now (1904) the number is reaching be- 
yond 1,300. It is not a wonder that a knowledge of Canada is 
rapidly spreading to all quarters of the world, and too much 
credit cannot be given to the progressive press of the Dominion. 


Ottawa is so full of " Old Boys" and " Sons" galore, but in 
looking over the list I find the "Old Girls" as scarce as in any other 
city I've seen. As elsewhere stated, there are 110 " old girls" in 
Ottawa. If it were not general the world over, I'd think it was 
owing to the youth microbes in the atmosphere. Not only 
Ottawa, but all Canada is full of Bonnie Scots. Ten generations 
ago I was One myself--of the Wallace and Ross clan-and to ::his 
day I have a kindly feeling toward the auld hame of my forbears. 
Stevenson, in his Silverado Squatters, said: " The happiest lot on 
earth is to be born a Scotchman," and" life is warmer there and 
closer; the hearth burns more redly; the light of home shines 
softer on the rainy street; the very names endeared in verse and 
music cling nearer round our hearts." No music wi1l quicker 
touch my heart to-day-ten generations removed-than do the 
simple ballads of that land of rocks and gallant sons, and so you 
will have to pardon me for giving precedence to 

The Sons of Scotland, 
who have in Ottawa a large Camp, with George Gibson as Chief, 
and John, Gordon as Secretary. 

St. Andrew's Society 
too, are sons of the land of Burns. It is the great social society, 
and is composed of some of the most prominent people, business 
and professional in the city. It was established in Ottawa in 
r845-fifty-nine years ago. J. G. Turiff is President, H. H. 
Rowatt, recording secretary, and John McLachlin, corresponding 

Sons of England. 
This is a large society, with many branches or lodgfls. Luke 
Williams is the Deputy Chairman of the district. As I said, it 
has many branches, such as Bowood, Derby, Queen's Own, Rus- 
sell, Stanley, Tennyson, Lion (Boys of England), and the Ivy. 

Societies and Orders. 

12 9 

Just here the Colonel remarked "What an appropriate name, 
, Ivy,' something that clings." 
"And," said I, "see, Colonel, this particular branch is 
'Daughters and 1\laids of England.' " 
" Yes," said he, " that is why I'said the name is appropriate." 
"Oh, I see, you refer to the "clinging" feature. Yes, 
Colonel, it is appropriate, their memories cling to Old England." 
I didn't catch his remark at this, but I heard "dense" and 
" stupid," and such words in it. Of the Ivy, 1\liss Anna Norris 
is president, and 1\1iss Caroline C. Orton is secretary. 

St. George's Society 
is the great English society. It has branches in all parts of the 
world, wherever enough of the sons of that wonderful Island can 
get together for a nucleus. It is here very strong. Its president 
is J. P. Featherston, Clerk of the Court, and secretary, R. Patch- 
ing, of the Department of the Interior. 

St. Patrick's Society. 
Part of the time during the "ten generation " sojourn, was 
spent in Ireland, and the songs of Moore are ever sweet songs to 

The Great Orders of Masons and Oddfellows 
are very strong in Canada, and have large membership in Ottawa. 

The Free 1.1 asons 
have no less than twelve different branches of the order here. The 
District Deputy for Ottawa district is Rt. \Vor. Bro. N. VV. Cleary, 
Renfrew. The Board of Relief are George Ross, John Robert- 
son, Rev. T. vV. Garrett, J. C. Kearns, secretary-treasurer; F. C. 
Lightfoot, D. J. 1\1cCuaig and W. Northwood. Masonic Hall 
Committee: S. A. Luke and Wm. Rea, the secretary-treasurer of 
the Public School Board. 

Indeþendent Order of Oddfellows. 
This order also has numerous branches in the, Capital, includ- 
ing a female branch. The Board of Trustees are George Bell, 
chairman; J. l\'L Baldwin, treasurer; H. J. Guppy, secretary; J. 
Smith, E. B. Butterworth (now Grand Master of the Order in 
Ontario), H. Chapman, F. H. Gallagher, A. E. Ripley and T. II. 
One of the societies of great prominence throughout the Pro- 
vinces of Quebec and Ontario is 

13 0 

Ottawa The Hub. 

St. Jean Baþtiste. 
J. U. Vincent, president; E. Lafontaine, first vice-president; 
G. O. Lizotte, second vice-president; J. M. Briand, secretary ; 
Charles Bettez, treasurer. 

Ancient Order of United Workmen 
has ten lodges in Ottawa, and is very strong here. D.D.G.M.W. 
Dr. A. A. \Veagant, and Grand Organizer, James Drew. 

Catholic Mutual Benefit- Association 
has seven branches. Deputies for Ottawa district: J. A. Doyon 
and T. Smith. Advisory Council for Ottawa: :M. J. O'Farrell, 
president; A. Bedard, secretary; R. Devlin, treasurer. 
There are so many branches of Foresters, and so many mem- 
bers of them, that it is no wonder General Roberts thought 
there wasn't any cleared land out here for "manoeuvring pur- 
poses." (If you catch this, just drop a card.) 

Ancient Order of Foresters. 
D.C.R., Thos Jones. 

Canadian Order of Foresters. 
D.D.H.C.R., Geo. Barwell. 

Catholic Order of Foresters 
has eleven Courts. Provincial Chief Ranger, C,S.O. Boudreault; 
Provincial Vice-Chief Ranger, Rev. D. A. :rvlacdonald, Crysler, 
Ont.; Provincial Secretary, V. vVebb; Provincial Treasurer, Geo. 
W. Seguin. 

Indeþendent Order of Foresters. 
This is the largest of all. It has in Ottawa thirteen Courts. 
H.C.R., Prof. John Herald, :M.D., B.A., Kingston; A. W. Fraser, 
K.C., P.B.C.R.; W. E. Crain, :M.D., Crysler, B.V.C.R.; G. L. 
Dickinson, High Secretary, 1\'Ianotick; J. S. R, 'McCann, B. Trea- 
surer; J. T. Basken, 1\1.D., B. P.; 1. N. 1\larshall, Brockville, B.C. 

Knights of the Maccabees. 
Angus C. Whittier, record keeper of Capital Tent, and II. 
H. Bailey, record keeper of Ottawa Tent. 

Loyal Orange A,çsociation 
has eight lodges. W. R. Smith is secretary of the Ottawa district. 

The Canadian Club. 

13 1 

Lo'yal True Blue Association 
has two lodges. Henry Meech is secretary of Enniskillen. 

St. Vincent de Paul Society. 
John Gorman, president; E. p, Stanton, vice-president; E. 
L. Sanders, secretary; and W. L. Scott, treasurer. 
Of the French Council of St. Louis, F. R. E. Campeau, presi- 
dent; J. P. 1\1. Lecourt, vice-president; E. Laverdure, secretary; 
Joseph Vincent, treasurer. 
There are a number of temperance societies, and from the 
rare sight of a drunken man on the street, they do much good. 
The W. C. T. U. 
is very strong in Ottawa. The building on Metcalfe Street is 
large and very pretty. It has the support of the best people in 
the city, many of them being active workers. l\lrs. S. W. Bor- 
bridge, president; :Mrs. vValter Rowan, corresponding secretary; 
l\lrs. W. A. Warne, recording secretary; lVlrs. Walter Odell, 
There are, besides the " Sons" and " Old Boys" from across 
the water, a number of associations from various places through- 
out Canada. From the counties of 

Leeds and Grenville 
there are several hundreds now in Ottawa; some of them are 
amongst the most prominent in the city. "Its object is to pro- 
mote good fellowship and to revive old recollections." It was or- 
ganized about a year ago, and has already a very large member- 
Possibly of all the Societies, clubs or associations in Ottawa, 
the one whose influence could be made to be felt more widely for 
the city's good than all others is 
The Canadian Club$> 
organized but a few months, It has already a membership of over 
700, and growing to the limit. Its object, while decidedly social, 
can be made of far-reaching good, Every fortnight is held, 
either a mid-day luncheon of a half hour, with a half hour address 
from some one of its brilliant membership, or an evening dinner, 
with a more extended address on subjects of interest to Cana3a. 
The Colonel and I had the pleasure of listening to Mr. Benjamin 
SuIte at one of the luncheons. Mr. SuIte is Canada's mO':lt 
capable historian. He is withal so charming a speaker that !-lis 
half hour seemed but a few minutes. 

13 2 

Ottawa The Hub. 

The following from the constitution will better give the .)b- 
jcct of the club than I could tell you: "It is the purpose of the 
club to foster patriotism by encouraging the study of the institu- 
tions, history, arts, literature and resources of Canada, and by en- 
deavoring to win Canadians in such work for the welfare and pro- 
gress of the Dominion as may be desirable and expedient." 
The officers are: President, Lieut.-Cot A, Percy Sherwood, 
C.M.G., A.D. C., Commisisoner; first vice-president, W. L. Mc- 
Kenzie King, Deputy Minister of Labor; second vice-president, 
D. Joseph McDougal, barrister; secretary, Hamnett P. Hill, bar- 
rister; treasurer, Plunket B. Taylor, banker; literary correspond- 
ent, Arthur F. Legatt, journalist; committee, John R. Reid, J. D. 
Courtenay, :M.D., Jas. W. Woods, Fred Colson, Rev. W. IVI. 
L<;mcks, John F. Waters, Stewart McClenaghan, Auguste Le- 
Canada has a great future, and seems to be just now waking 
up to the fact. These clubs are springing up all over the Do- 
minion, and will go further toward cementing the good sentiments 
for Canada's upbuilding than anything that might possibly be 
done. Party politics and sect religion are unknown within its 
halls. A Conservative may make a motion and a Liberal second 
it, or a Presbyterian minister propose a measure, and as likely as 
not it will be furthered by a Catholic priest. Such kindly feeling 
must, of necessity, bear good wholesome fruit for 

The New Canada 
which I have seen growing by leaps and bounds during our three 
years sojourn in the country. 

L' I nstitut Canadien. 
This society is possibly the oldest of its kind in the city. It 
was organized in 1852. It has in its membership very many 
prominent among the French citizens. Its purpose is to promOte 
loyalty and kindly sentiment, and has done much good. Its 
president is A. T. Charron; secretary, A. A. Lapointe; librarian, 
T. L. Richard; treasurer, J. E. Marion. 

The Elks. 
Canada will have the good things of life (social). For a 
long while we selfishly held from the Canadian the rite-I mean 
the right-of Elkdom, but within the past few months, the bar5 
have been dropped and the way the young men of snap and go are 
taking up the order here is good to see. 
One, uninitiated, can only know an Order by the men it at- 
tracts. In the States it is the man of snap, push, enterprise, lifo:>
who becomes an Elk. The very initials of the Order indicate the 

The Elks. 


membership-C.B.P.O.E., "Can't Be Passed or Excelled."-"Best 
People on Earth." They are the men who are first to help their 
fellows, unquestioning-and never for policy. 
1\Iy impression of the Order may be biased by the boys down 
home (Springfield, Ohio), and if you knew them, you would par- 
don anything I might say of the Elks. Well I remember the 
stereotyped expression-speaking of some new enterprise which 
they took up: "It will go for the Elks are behind it and it did 
go-with emphasis on the G. 
The dropping of the bars indicates a forward movement tu-" 
ward cementing a friendship between our two countries that mU5t 
last for all time. We need not-and never will be-politically one, 
but in neighborly fellowship and love I shall hail witH joy the day 
when one banner, inscribed "Brothers," shall float over our two 
There is possiblv no one order so free from drones, as the 
Order of Elks. The very word means "an animal that is ever on 
 alert and moving." A word of advice to the "Dead Ones"- 
Don't join the Elks. This advice seems to have been followed 
NO.4 Lodge, even before I gave it, if I may judge from the offi- 
cers chosen, a list of whom I give. 
A. Taillon, P.E.R., manager Banque N ationale; R. G. Code, 
E.R., barrister; C. B. Pratt, E. Lec. K., barrister; vValter :Mc- 
Dougall, chaplain, law clerk; W. C. 'l\IcCarthy, Secretary, baris- 
ter; Russell Blackburn, Treasurer, financier; Chas. 1\1. \Vright, 
E. Lead, K., Sheriff of Wright County; A. L. Ogilvy, W. . . . . . 
. . . . . . vV. F. Powell, G., chief of police; Harry C. Ketchum, Aide, 
leading sporting goods dealer of Canada; Dr. D. H. Baird, 
Esquire; H. Rosenthal, T., jeweler; Dr. O. K. Gibson, W, J. 
Chapleau, musicians for the Order. 
Trustees: H. 1. Beament, J. H. Lewis, B. Slattery. 
Assistants: Arthur Brophv, N. Champagne, 1\"I. Lapointe, 
Alex. NIcDougall, J. F. Gobeil, D. G. Gilmour, Geo. J. Bryson, Jr., 
P. Baskervil
Reception Committee: Stewart 'McClenaghan, Dr. "Matthew- 
man, R. G. Cameron, Newton J. Ker, E. A. Olver and T. Cald- 


"\Vhat cities did vou visit? vVhat did you see in this or 
that one while in Canadå?" 
These questions are the first asked when the tourist retur:1S 
home after a delightful summer's outing. To depend upon onc's 
memory at such a time will result in little,of pleasere to tourist or 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

listener, but when one can sit down with a book of views, he can 
not only tell what he saw, but each picture will call up a memory, 
and he can live over again the pleasures of his visit. 
Canadian cities are now being illustrated in so many forms 
that the stranger is at a loss to know what book to buy or what 
souvenir to carry home. As I wish" The Hub and Spokes" 
to contain just what the tourist should know before coming to 
Ottawa; I cannot d.) better than to tell him what I found to be the 
very best form in \V hich to get the most interesting sights illus- 
trated in the best way, and that is 

Ottawa, the Capital of Canada, illustrated. 
The pictures are not only beautiful in themselves as works of .Irt, 
but they are so well chosen that no point worth seeing is left onto 
The Parliament and all of the public buildings, the parks, river 
views, statues, street scenes, bridges, water falls, views of the 
Experimental Farm near the city, &c. In short, what would 
cost very many dollars as separate pictures are to be had for a 
trifle, and in a form easily handled. 
This advice is far more of interest to the tourist than to 
Messrs. A. H. and S. J. Jarvis, the publishers, and 'tis a pleasure 
to give it. 


The York County Loan and Savings Company is a uniq'..te 
corporation, with main offices in Toronto, and branch offices in 
other Canadian cities. The Ottawa branch is in the Bank Street 
Chambers, under the superintendence of 1fr. F. J. Goodchild, as- 
sisted by Mr. J. 1\1. Skead, grand-son of Robt. Skead, an old-time 
Ottawan of much prominence. 
I said it was unique. l\.1r. Joseph Phillips a man of great 
executive ability, but with little capital, started it in 1891. From 
the small beginning it has grown not only as a savings institution, 
but has branched into many lines. It publishes "The National 
l\Ionthly," which in two years has outgrown all other magazines 
pub!ished in Canada. And just here, I must stop to say that it is 
bound to succeed since it has discovered the key. I t pays its con- 
tributors enough to keep in Canada the 'work of Canada's best 
writers. It will go far to encourage and bring out the best. 
This company have recently gone into life insurance, and with 
the largest agency force in Canada, " wrote" over one million in- 
surance in four months, np to January, 1904. Again, it has hit 
upon a new idea. Although" old line," it collects weekly, mak- 
ing it possible for the poorest to carry insurance. 

Ottawa a Convention City. 


Within a few weeks it has added the manufacture of pianos, 
and by April will be turning out 50 Liszt instruments per week. It 
purposes selling, through its great corps of agents, direct to ;:he 
buyers, at a large saving to its purchasers. 
The York County has other lines. It deals in real estate, 
building and selling houses. In this it has the right principle. It 
develops rough farm land into park-like beauty; then building 
thereon, makes a profit, not only on the buildings themselves, but 
on the great enhancement of the value of the land itself. 
It is no surprise to be told that the company has never lost a 
dollar for its investors. 
Yes, the " York County" is unique. 


Ottawa is called "The Convention City," and why should it 
not be such? As Mayor Cook very happily put it, in one of his 
many addresses of welcome: " This is your city as well as ours. ] t 
is the Capital of this great Dominion, and all the people should 
feel that they have a right to use it." Yes, but my dear Mayor, 
what about the Yankee conventions that are growing wise and 
coming to Ottawa to do their conventioning ? You make them, 
everyone, feel that they, too, own the city. Honestly, and on the 
quiet (this to my home people, looking for an ideal city for hold- 
ing a convention in Canada), I never saw so unselfish a people fS 
these Ottawans. vVhy, bless you, when a convention comes to 
town they treat it as though it was" dead broke," and hadn't a 
dollar to spend. I've seen places where the citizens stood around 
as though the visitors were so much money, and each one ready 
to get his share; while, as for entertainment, the convention paid 
for all it got. Now, here, from the minute a convention gets in- 
side the corporation until it says a regretful good-bye, it hasn't 
a blamed thing to do but have a good time. Result, every con- 
vention that comes to Ottawa spreads the news, and that's what I 
would like to do, for these people are so delightful in their enter- 
tainment that it is really a pleasure to say pretty things about 
Ottawa is in truth a Convention City. 


As referred to elsewhere, we find the Ottawa policeman a man 
far beyond the ordinary city protector. He is a man who thinks 
as well as protects, and in courtesy might well be taken as a model 
by many a man whose only claim of gentleman is the one he him- 

13 6 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

self so strenuously makes. Ottawa is justly proud of its police 
I have spoken of the high degree of morality which I have 
found general in Canada. You will better appreciate this when I 
tell you that 58 men have little to do in the way of making arrests 
in this city of nearly 70,ooo-one man to 1,200. At this rate 
New York City should be protected by 3,000 policemen, while in- 
stead it has now about 10,000. Of the 58 on the force, all but 14 
are Canadian born, and nearly all members of some church. 
The few arrests made during the year are mostly for small 
offences. The men are nearly all six feet tall and well propor- 
tioned. A number of them are fine athletes, Mortimer Culver 
being the champion shot thrower of Canada, as well as excelling 
in many other athletics. 
VV m. F. Powell is the Chief of the force, and a most capable 
one he is. 


There is a Dominion Police force of 37 selected men, under 
Lieut.-Col. A. Percy Sherwood, C.l\1.G., A.D.C., Commissioner, 
whose prowess as a curler I told you in "The Wandering Yankee." 
The duties of these men are to protect the Capitol buildings, and 
to go as detectives into any part of the Dominion on Government 
business. They are a bright body of stalwart men. Kennedy, 
the famous "Rough Rider" football player, is a member of this 
C oZonel A. Percy Sherwood 
is worthy of a more than casual note. He was until recently the 
Colonel of the 43rd Regiment, President of the Canadian :l\1ilitary 
League, Vice-President of the Canadian branch of the Royal 
Caledonian Curlers Club, and a member of the Executive of the 
Dominion Rifle Association. He commanded the Canadian Rifle 
Team that competed in 1903 at Eisley, England, and when the 
Canadian Club was recently formed, the Colonel was chosen its 
President. When I say that he is immensely popular, I say it 
with reason. 


One of the most prominent bodies of men in Canada are the 
North-west :l\Iounted Police, under Colonel Fred. White, Comp- 
troller. This force is made up of 
oo men in the North-west 
Territories, and 300 in the Yukon. There is no body of men in 

M ottnted Police of the N. W. Territories. 137 

the world whose duties are so varied as those of this force, and no 
force in the world where so few protect so vast an area as do the 
North-west Mounted Police-one man to 500 square miles of 
territory. If the result of their work was not being seen in the 
perfect government of that great area of country, one might smile 
at the thought of such a thing being possible. 
Apropos of their duties. They act in the capacity of police, 
lawyer, prosecutor, advisor to the new settlers, and sometimes act 
as Indian agents. In short, they are emergency men, capable of 
doing anything that may need to be done in their territory, where 
there may not be any other, properly commissioned, to do it. They 
are a fine body of capables, many of them college graduates. 
Colonel White has been at the head of the force since its 
organization in 1873, before which time he was private secretary 
to Sir John A. l\Iacdonald. Like Colonel Sherwood, he is a mDst 
charming gentleman, and again like him, most popular through- 
out the Dominion. 


Ottawa, as I have said, has some pretty churches, but there 
is one worthy of more than passing note. For two reasons worthy, 
first for its interior finish, but more for the wonderful mind that 
designed and carried it out. I refer to the Basilica, the Roman 
Catholic Cathedral, on Sussex and St. Patrick Streets, and the 
man who designed the interior work was 

Rev. Canon G. Bouillon. 
It is so natural for the distant reader who sees mention of a 
man's name in a book of this kind, to look upon that man as of 
local interest, and of local interest only, but I felt to-day, when I 
met and conversed with Canon Bouillon, much as I know I should 
have felt had I been accorded the rare privilege of meeting and 
conversing with lVIichael Angelo. And why not, when he has 
designed a greater than St. Peter's in Rome. Have you yet heard 
of the design for 
Nova Sancto Sophia? 
A church of such marvellous magnificence that its cost will 
reach thirty-five millions of dollars. You have not? "VVell, t11e 
designer of this marvel of the world is a Canadian, born in Que- 
bec, and now an Ottawan. You begin to be interested now, dO!l't 
you? The local interest widens, and the eyes of the world turn 
towards Ottawa, for here lives the man whose brain is to give to 
the world a more beautiful church than St. Sophia in Constan- 

13 8 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

tinople, and a larger one than St. Peter's in Rome; larger as to 
capacity, and more costly by ten millions of dollars. 
SL Peter's is 400 feet wide, 700 feet long, and 400 feet high, 
and holds 50,000 people. Nova Sancto Sophia is to be 400 feet 
wide, 500 feet long, and 450 feet high, but so designed that its 
capacity will be 60,000 people. The beauty of St. Peter's is in 
the detail; that of the Nova Sancto will burst upon the beholder 
the moment he enters the door, as the design is such that the whole 
interior, even to the great dome, is seen at once. And that dome! 
St. Peter's is 120 feet across at the base, this one is to be 200 
feet across. 
I spent hours looking over the details of the plans, and yet I 
could not grasp their magnitude, and the beauty of the whole 
seems but a marvellous dream. You would not want me to mar 
your conception of the beauty by a description, even had I the 
many pages it would require for a bare outline. 
" Tell you of the man himself?" How natural; we all want 
to know" the man." He is tall, six feet, well pronortioned, and 
stands straight as an arrow. His face and eye are kindly, and his 
manner is so modest and retiring that you must know his worth 
from seeing his work, and not from the man himself, as he makes 
no effort to impress you, as many another would do who had de- 
signed a simple dwelling. He is quite grey, but his face is 110t 
old. He was born a genius, as ::Michael Angelo was born. No 
amount of studv or research could have enabled him to have de- 
signed Nova Sáncto Sophia; it was an inspiration. 
"Where will it be placed?" It is not yet determined, but 
the city on the American continent that is chosen will hold an ob- 
ject of interest unsurpassed by any other in the world. 
It was in the entrance hall of the Archbishop's Palace, ad- 
jacent to the Basilica, where I saw the most beautiful 

I have ever seen. It must be at least two and a half centuries old 
(l\Iurillo was born 1618, died 1682), and yet its colors are as clear 
and beautiful as though but of recent origin. It is only the half 
of the original picture, the other half being in the British l':1useum. 
It was buried in France during the French Revolution 111 1793, 
and years after found by two workmen, who cut it in two, the 
figurEs allowing the division. This part, which seems 
D com- 
p1ete that you must be told that it is not the whole, is that ef 
Joseph on his way to Egypt, the other half shows Mary and the 
Child Jesus. Joseph in this part is reaching out a cup getting water 
from a cleft in a rock, while beside him is seen the head of the 
docile ass. This part is a picture 40 by 6 feet. If ever you come 
to Ottawa, go to see it; yon will find no more beautiful in Canada, 
and few on the continent, equalling it in richness of coloring. 

Under Patronage. 


Here are copies of some of the celebrated paintings of the 
world, especially those of the Transfiguration by Raphael, and The 
Communion of 51. Jerome, by Dominicin. The originals of th
two are in the Vatican at Rome, and are priceless in value. It Ílas 
been said that these two pictures are of greater value than all the 
other paintings of Europe. They occupy a large gallery to them- 
The contents of this sketch are the" finds" which make glad 
the heart of a writer. 


I used to think-and you, no doubt, still think-that" under 
patronage of" or "maker to" some high dignitary, means that 
anyone who, by chance, had done work for the said high digni- 
tary, might make those claims. Not so; one must not only have 
proven ones worth, but must have the consent of the person or 
persons who are claimed as patrons. 
The honor is often confirmed" By Appointment." As an 
instance, the Topleys, the famous photographers, whose work 
will add so much to this volume, are: "Photographers by ap- 
pointment to His Excellency, the 1\larquis of Lorne, and H
Royal Highness, the Princess Louise." It was rather an. odd coin- 
cidence that when the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and Y ork- 
Prince and Princess of Wales-were here in 1901, that 1\lr. Wm. 
Topley and 1\lr. \Vm. Notman, of :Montreal, were selected to tour 
the continent with their Royal Highnesses, odd in that these two 
firms wen
 once together. 
The pictures taken on that Royal tour are works of Art, In 
my " gallery," you will see a few of the pictures taken by them 
at that time, and I may, in later editions, give the "Topleys 
Across the Continent, with the Duke and Duchess." In two 
groups may be seen all the Governor Generals and their wives 
since Confederation. This was a veritable find, but " finds" :ire 
the rule. J'vlr. vVm. Topley has been here, I was about to say for 
generations, photographing- everything and everbody of interest, 
or of note, and to him I am indebted for many of the pictures of 
people long gone. They sat for him as now their grand-children 
are sitting for him. 
It has long- been the custom of Royalty, when visiting in 
Ottawa, to visit this famous gallery. The Duke of Albany, Prince 
Leopold, is probably the onl" one who broke the rule, and he is 
said to have regretted that his three hours stay in the city would 
not allow, him time to follow the precedent. 

14 0 

Ottawa, The Hub. 


Again, "this is but a little world after all!" One day at 
the Bank Street Chambers, I ran across .ßlr. VV. B. Edminster. I 
had lost all track of him since long ago, in New York City, w h
he was on his way from Japan to St. Louis, with the body of his 
friend, the great newspaper man, Colonel John Cockeril1. 
.. Hello, W. B. vVhat are you doing in Ottawa? " I asked. 
" \Vhy, I've been here a year." 
" Last man I expected to see, and yet I might have known 
that you would find your way to the vVashington of Canada. 
What are you doing here?" 
" I'm with the 

International School of Correspondence, 
Assistant Superintendent. I have charge of Eastern Ontario, 
and part of Quebec." 
I ran back, in mind, to one day in Scranton, Penn., in the 
early nineties, when I heard them talking abont this schaul 
-how that some day it would have pupils in all the adjoining 
States, but I did not then think to ever find om; office in a foreign 
country, which had enrolled 2,500 students, (as has been done 111 
Ottawa), nor do I think they did either. 
"Come upstairs to our office and I'll tell you some things 
th1.t will surprise you," said VV. B. 
I went up and was greeted by a phonograph in French- 
"Coma vou portay vou 11issure?" 
" Tray be a-and how's yourself!" said 1. 
" vVho taught that thing to talk so well?" I asked. 
"That 'thing,' as you call it, is one of our greatest teachers. It 
is the most perfect linguist in the world. I t talks all languages, 
and what's more it speaks each accurately. Sit down and listen." 
I sat down, \V. B. gave me a book, and as I read or followed the 
words, the 'thing' pronounced each syllable slow and distinct. 
"Why," said I, " I could learn French without even going 
to Hull. What's it for anyhow? " 
" To teach, as I told you. In Scranton we have Professors 
of all languages. Books from primer to readers are prepared in 
lessons. The Professor reads each lesson into the phonograph. 
and the cylinders are sent out to pupils in all parts of the world. 
The languages are thus learned much more readily and accuratdy 
than by any other means." 
"Great teacher is the phonograph-but tell us something 
about your school. I've often heard about it, but only in a gen- 
eral way." 
" In 1891, Thomas J. Foster invented the svstem of instruct- 
ing by means of text books, sent to students, no matter how far 


14 1 

distant. The student prepares his lessons as though to recIte 
orally, and right here is the difference-and advantage. He 
writes them, and it is a well known fact that nothing so firmly 
fastens in the mind a truth as to write it. These written lessons 
are sent to Scranton, corrected-if need be-advice given, and the 
subject made plain, and returned. All branches are taught by 
a corps of 2,500 competent teachers. Young men who have not 
th..: tIme or means for a college course, may go right on with their 
work, studying at night and at l.eisure moments, and in a few 
months time are capable of taking a position far above the one 
they might have been compelled-by incompetency-to follow, the 
rest of life." 
" Tell me about the growth of the School. That is the best 
proof of its proper system." 
" Here are a few things. It employs 3,200 people. It sends 
out over 15,000 pieces by mail ever day. Using as it does $500 
in stamps daily, it has made Scranton a first-class post office, 
along with N ew York, Philadelphia, Boston, etc. Thirteen years 
ago it had one course of instruction, and enrolled its first student. 
I t now has 152 courses and over 700,000 names on the roll. It 
has some of the finest buildings in Scranton; one just completed 
cost $500,000. It has more young men filling high salaried posi- 
tions than any other school in the world. This last fact is ,Mr. 
Foster's proudest claim. He has made the world happier by his 
being, and happier himself for it! " 
IVlr. G. A. Weese, of Bancroft, Ont., has charge of the Ot- 
ta wa office. 
l\1r. F. T. Rawley, of Montreal, looks after the Quebec towns 
along the Ottawa River. 
Many a member of the N ew York Press Club will be pleaserl 
to hear this about "VV. B.," and not only the Press Club, but all 
throughout the States, where he was well known, when with 
Major Pond and the Redpath Lyceum Bureau, of Boston, as 
assistant manager. He was with Bill Nye, James Whitcome 
Riely, Remenyi, Ian IVlcLaren (Dr. vVatson), Ovide 
Iusin, aud 
many others of world note. 
He is very pleased with Ottawa, in fact, with all Canada, but 
then W. B. always was a man quick to appreciate beauty in coun- 
try and worth in people. 


Ottawa has two beautiful cemeteries-Beechwood and Notre 
Dame. They lie to the east of the city. In both there are some 
very beautiful monuments and vaults. Some of the fine monu- 
ments and vaults in Notre Dame are the Rogers, Mackay, Good- 
win, Warnock, Macdonald, Major, Brophy and Davis. Among 

14 2 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

those in Beech wood are the Masonic Plot, J. R. Booth, Philip 
Thompson, Nicholas Flood Davin, Thos. Birkett, M.P., Colonel 
Allan Gilmour, Senator Clemow, Nicholas Slater, Hon. Thos. 
:McKay, S. Howell, D. Ralph Bell, John C. Edwards. The last 
four are vaults. 


Ottawa has eleven hospitals, and nearly as many asylums 
homes of all kinds, for children and old men and women. I t is 
most commendable to see the care that is taken of those who need 
kindly attention. It makes one feel that Ottawa is not only a 
beautiful, but a most benevolent city; nor is this kindly care each 
for the other of its people peculiarly Ottawan; even small Cana- 
dian towns look to the care of its citizens. Our" poorhouses JJ 
are unknown here. The unfortunate one is not made to feel that 
h<> or she is the ward of the country or city. In heart sympathy 
Canada is far in advance of our country. 
Benevolent and fraternal societies are very numerous in the 
cities. Their Excellencies, Lord and Lady Minto take great in- 
terest in charities and good works in Ottawa, The Aberdeen 
Association, of which the Countess of Minto is Honorary Presi- 
dent, has for its object the supplying of good literature to the new 
settlers in Canada, especially in the North-west Territories. Then, 
there are literary, scientific, medical, and all kinds of associations 
and societies. 
The Humane Society, after our Bergh system, is doing much 
good. I have seen here what I have never seen elsewhere, little 
drinking troughs along the sidewalks for thirsty dogs. This one 
thing marks Ottawa as a most humane city, and I would that the 
custom were general. It costs so little, and would be a boon to 
"man's truest friend," of which" friend" Ottawa and Constan- 
tinople promise to become rivals. 
The care shown by the Ottawans, not only toward each othèr, 
but toward the lower animals, places them far up on the plane of 
excellence, and makes the casual stranger admire them, and the 
rest of us love them, for their kindness of heart. 
I find myself becoming quite enthusiastic over these citizens 
of Canada's Washington, and you would not wonder at it if vou 
knew them. 
Dr. H. Beaumont Small recently read before the Ottawa 
1Iedical-Chirurgical Society, as the President's address, a most 
admirable paper on 

By town Doctors. 


in which paper I find the names of men, for whom a tablet of re- 
memberance should be placed in the new Carnegie LÒrary, as 
none are so worthy as they, who during the hardships of those 
early times, did so much for the builders of the future Capital. 
l\Ionuments are reared for the warriors, who leave suffering 
in their wake, while men whose lives are spent in relieving suf- 
fering, are all too soon forgotten, when the grave hides them 
from sight. 
The Doctor told of the epidemics of Asiatic cholera in 1832, 
'34, '49 and 18 54; the typhus fever of 1847; and the ague-since 
changed in name to malaria, but the "shakes" remain the same- 
which shook the builders of the canal until their bones seemed 
all but out of joint . 
In that paper, which the Doctor kindly loaned me, I gleaned 
much of general interest. and found many names-some familiar, 
others now unknown, save to the few, and by them almost fo:-- 
In the following order I find the Doctors, who lived and prac- 
ticed in By town, from its origin in 1826, to its demise on Jan. 1st, 
18 55. 
There were a number who were transitory, at the military 
barracks, and then were off to other stations, but the first regular 
practicioner was the famous 
Dr. Alexander J as. Christie} 
who came in 1826, and died in 1843, aged 53 years. He was an- 
other of "the first to secure a town lot in Upper Town," at the 
North-\Vest corner of vVellington and Lyon Streets. It was 
known as Wm. Stewart's house. He afterwards built a large 
stone honse, nearly opposite Christ Church Cathedral, in the rear 
of 399 Sparks Street. In the war of 1812 he was an army SUï- 
geon, and was wounded in the thigh while on duty, which resulted 
in a limp for the rest of his life. He established the By town 
Gazette in 1836. It was the first paper in town, but one-Jas. 
Johnson's Independent, of 18 34. 
Dr. James Stewart 
came next, in 1827, and remained until, his death in 1848. He re- 
sided on Rideau Street, almost opposite Kicholas Street. He 
was very successful and very popular, holding during his life 
many prominent offices. He was a member of the first Board of 
Health. He was Coroner in 1845. Dr. Small says that Stewart 
Street was named for him--others claim that it was named far 
the well known vVm. Stewart, :M.P.-by whose! resolution By town 
was incorporated in 1847. Dr. Stewart married the widow of 
Captain Lett, father of Wm. P. Lett. His daughter became 11r5. 
MacCraken, mother of Mr. J. 1. MacCraken, a leading Ottawa 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

Prior to 1830, there were other doctors in By town, but of 
whom Dr. Small could find little mention. They were Drs. 
Tuthill, Rankin, Gillie and l\icQueen. 
Dr. Tuthill 
came with Co!. By in 1826, as an Assistant-Ordnance Surgeon. 
He remained in charge of the .wlilitary Hospital until 18 3 2 . 
Dr. John Ed'Lt'. Ranktn 
was in charge of the workmen on the canal. He was not here 
long-returning to England. He was an Army Surgeon in the 
Crimean war in 1854-which same year he returned to Canada, 
and settled in Picton, Ontario. where he died in 1878, aged 8I. 
Dr. J. D. Gillie 
resided near the south-west corner of Sparks and Lyon Streets, 
at 342 Sparks. He was an intimate friend of Dr. Christie, whose 
son, 1\lr. John Christie, has a quaint old silver snuff box, present- 
ed to his father, by "his friend Dr. Gillie." He died in the latc 
Dr. Thomas Fraser McQueen, 
came in 1827. During the Cholera Epidemic in 1832, he with 
Dr. Scott, of Prescott, had charge of the cholera sheds from 
Cornwall to Brockville, in which latter city he died in 1860. lIe 
married a daughter of Colonel Fraser, IVLP., of Fraserville, who 
is now living in Ottawa. 
N ext we find one of the most eccentric characters, who ever 
lived in By town, 
Dr. Edw. VanCourtlandt. 
He came in 1832. 394 vVellington Street was his residence, and 
was looked upon at that time as a mansion. He died in 1875. 
If we may take Wm. P. Lett's word for it, the old Dr. must 
have had a lonesome time on the" other side" when he got there, 
unless he depended for a welcome upon the late patients of other 
doctors, for see: 
"When to that distant coast he'll steer, 
No crowd of ghosts will hover near, 
And cry out 'Van, you sent us here!' " 
Viewing the situation from the distance of over a quarter of 
a cE.ntury: 
'Twould be, F d think, a dangerous guess, 
For Will-i-um to make, 
Toe' en suggest that Van could U steer JJ 
To U coasts JJ 
Where (t ghosts JJ 
In U hosts JJ 
Would know and make-outcries of fear. 

By town Doctors. 


Dr. H amnett Hill 
first came to the township of J\.1arch, in 1837, where he practic
until 1841, when he came to By town, and resided first at what 
is now 425 vVellington Street, and later at the corner of Broad and 
vVellington, which home was destroyed by the fire of 1900. From 
the data given and the interesting features of Dr. Hill's life and 
works, I cannot but look upon him as one of the great physicians 
and surgeons of all this country of able men. 

Dr. Samuel John Stratford 
came to By town in 1831. In 1832; he was placed in charge of the 
Military Hospital, during the cholera epidemic. He left in 18 3 6 , 
went first to Woodstock and later to Toronto. He was writ
lecturer, and editor, as well as physician. He died in New 
Dr. Alfred Monson. 
followed Stratford in 1836, and was given charge of the Garrison 
in By town, which position he held until 1852, when he left for 
J'vlontreal, and later went to Hamilton and Toronto. 

Dr. Frederick Monson, 
brother of Alfred, came here in 1839, remained until 1845, then 
went to l\IIontreal, and later settled in Niagara. 

Dr. Stephen Charles Sewell} 
a McGill College lecturer, came to By town in 1852, and remained 
until his death in 1865. He was Consulting Surgeon to the Pro- 
testant and General Hospital. His residence was the house next 
to the Perley Home on Wellington Street, formerly occupied by 
Dr. Hill. 
Besides the above, Dr. Small mentions by name, Drs. Barry. 
Robinson, St. Jean, O'Hare, Holmes, Lecroix, Robillchand and 
Beaubien,' but says, that of them there was little to be learned. 
Of the first named, if I were asked to speak, a la Lett from 
facts gained from that old time versifier, I might say: 
Ed ward Barry gets one full page 
Of story, suited quite for modern stage. 
Now Ed., you see, was J.P.-M.D. 
--Both titles now, too oft M-T- 
And for himself put both to use-- 
In fact he'd often both abuse} 
When J.P.'d get "dry" M.D.'d prescribe, 
When M.D. was "full" J.P.'d proscribe, 
And read to all the law would he, 
And send all three to Coventry. 

14 6 

Ottawa J The Hub. 

(( If you were asked/ J said the Colonel, "I don't think after 
that, that you will be." He is so critical. 
The foregoing is but a hurried glance over a paper, that does 
great credit to Dr. Small-a paper that should be seen by eve 1 "y 
on(', who has any interest in the old town and its people. 
Besides the Doctors, he wrote also of the Early Hospitals, 
the incorporators, the Boards of Health, bringing in names indel- 
ibly engraven into the history of those days. The Doctor in 
speaking of the Hospitals said: "By town was favored from its 
very foundation." Colonel By, on his arrival with his little army 
of workmen, at once erected a Military Hospital, on the site whe.i.'e 
now stands the Statue of Queen Victoria, on Parliament- 
then Barracks-Hill. In 1845, the General Hospital was estab- 
lished by the Grey Nuns, from Hotel Dieu, Montreal. The first 
Hospital. was a frame building on St. Patrick Street, near Sussex. 
The building is still to be seen as numbers 163 to 169. This was 
used until 1847, when the epidemic of typhus fever, necessitat.
greater accommodation. The new building was erected on the site 
of the present Hospital on Water Street. 
Read over these grand old names and see the men of affairs, 
who lived here, almost at the very inception of the town. They 
are the 

First Board of Health. 
Reverends S. S. Strong (father of the Judge), W m. Durie, 
Thos. Wardrobe and lVlr. Telmon; Dùctors J-Iill, Monson, 
Van Courtlandt and Barry; Simon Fraser (Sheriff), Daniel 
O'Connor, Joseph Aumond, Edw. Smith, John Burrows, Andrew 
Drummond, Geo. Patterson and Geo. Sumner. Sheriff Fraser 
was Chairman, and Rev. S. S. Strong was Secretary. 

Incorporators of the Carleton County General Hospital. 
John J\1cKinnon (son-in-law of Hon. Thos. McKay), Geo. 
Patterson, Wm. Stewart, M.P., Dr. Hamnett Hill, Archibald 
Foster, Roderick Ross ("Roderick of the Sword") Robert Hen
jr., J as. MacCraken, sr., Francis Abbott, Thos. Langrcll, Thos. 
Hunton, Richard Stethem, Geo. B. Lyon, Wm. Harte Thompson, 
Hon. Thos. McKay, John Thompson, Edw. Malloch, Jas. Pea- 
cock, Geo. Hay (present President of the Bank of Ottawa);. Alex. 
M. Grant, vVm. Porter, Henry McCormac, John Forgie, Edw. 
Armstrong (The Judge), Jas. Rochester, Carter A. Burpee, Edw. 
Sherwood (father of the Col.), Dawson Kerr and Thos. G. Burns. 

Rube Learns About Styles. 



" Colonel, what have you noted as unique in Ottawa?" I ask- 
ed, one beautiful day, on Sparks Street. 
" What? A number of points,-but none so marked as that 
Ottawa Step." 
" 'Ottawa Step.' Give it up. \Vhat is that?" 
" Why, have you not "noted the walk of the ladies? Did you 
ever see such grace and firmness of step? They move as though 
they had an aim in life, and few there be who glide along pur- 
poseless. I have never seen in any city more grace of movement 
than in Ottawa. That, to me, is what I note as most unique." 
" Colonel, now that you mention it, I must confess that I, too,. 
have noticed it. To what do you attribute it?" 
"Skating. Skating, Rube, gives a grace and firmness of step
acquired in no other way, and since all Ottawans skate-as in no 
other Canadian City is it so general-it follows that the Otta\va 
Step is unique, and I like it. Especially is it remarked among 
those who play hockey, curling and golf. And note, too, Rube, 
the excellent taste shown in the dressing of the ladies." 
vVhen the ladies are in question I always bow to the Colonel's 
opinion,-and in this case to bow was most natural. 
I have seen few cities where the correct in dress is more 
noticeable than in Ottawa. This is especially remarked at Gov- 
ernment House functions, or in Parliament, on State occasions. 
where may be seen gowns which only" Parisian dreams" will 
justly describe. But what, however, is possibly a better guide to 
the correct is the millinery, since gowns are becoming individual 
" creations." 
" Joe," I asked of J. O. Bourcier, " Joe, I want to know how 
the millinery styles of Canada in general, and Ottawa in par- 
ticular, compare with those of N ew York?" 
"They are practically the same. Were you to be dropped 
into either city, and not know to which you were coming, you 
conld tell no difference from the millinery of the ladies. 
"\Vhy, the fact is, that most of onr fashions come directly 
from N ew York, the extreme styles of both cities come from Paris, 
You have doubtless noted that Ottawa is remarkable for the 
rectness in dress, of both the ladies and gentlemen?" 
"Odd, but that is almost the exact thought that was in my 
mind when I called in for your opinion." 
" Yes, it is often remarked by those who visit the varimls 
cities of the continent, that Ottawans are good dressers; there is 
much wealth here, and the concomitant good taste makes of the 
Capital a very pleasing city to visit. But for that matter most of 
onr cities have of recent years kept pace with our neighbors across 
the line. In all our Canadian branches we carry practically the 
same line of goods, the styles being the same in each." 

14 8 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

" One thing, Rube," broke in " Chick" Gordon, who had been 
listening to Joe expatiate on fashions in millinery, " the Canadian 
girl looks more to taste than to the extremes in style; you seldom 
see poor dressing while good taste is the rule." 
" Chick is right," said the Colonel, " good taste is the rule; 
even Bulwer would have had but little criticism to make in 
H Why Bulwer?" asked Joe. 
" Don't you remember what he said in Pelham? 'The cor- 
rect in dress pleases without attracting attention,' and that we have 
often remarked in Ottawa." 
From dress, taste and fashion, the conversation ran along 
until it had reached " the one thing necessary" : 

U W ea/th-M oney." 
I soon learned what I had not known before. 
"Do you know," asked Joe, "that Ottawa has more rich 
young men than any place of its size on the continent? \'Yell, it 
has," and then he began naming young men who in their own right 
have from "plenty of money" up to one half to a million, "and/' 
he continued, " while some of them are unnecessarily" near," m05t 
of them are free with their means, and none of them are spend- 
thrifts. Again, we have no leisure class. The young men. are 
nearly all actively engaged in business." 
I could not help thinking of another Ottawan who, when taik- 
ing on the same subject, said: " We have in the valley a few wham 
\V. H. Fuller, a former well-known Ottawa poet, must have had 
in mind when he wrote that prize poem in Munsey's for Februa.YJ 
one verse of which ran thus:- 

up in Mars. 
" It really makes them stare, 
When they see a millionaire, 
Who devotes himself to hoarding up his pelf; 
He works himself to death, 
With scarce time to catch his breath, 
And gets mighty little pleasure from his wealth. 
They manage those things better up in Mars, 
And probably the same in other Stars; 
They hold money's only use is 
For the good that it produces- 
That's what they think about it, up in Mars." 
He might have gone further, and said of him who looks upon 
wealth simply as so much money to buy selfish necessities and no 
luxuries :- 

Young Al en in Business. 


In that which smacks of art, 
He takes mighty little part, 
And looks down upon the man whose aims are high. 
If you'd ask for art a lift, 
You would find his only gift, 
"VVould be a heavy, long-drawn, tired sigh. 
This man would not be It, up in 1\Iars, 
And probably fare worse in other Stars, 
It would seem to them too funny, 
To make a god of money, 
So he'll have to migrate elsewhere than to J\lars. 
Young !vI en in Business. 
Apropos of young men in business, Ottawa has, in !'vir. S. 
McDougall, the youngest city bank manager in Canada. He is 
the son of ,Mr. J. L. J\IcDougall, Auditor General of the Dominion, 
and thus, by inheritance, competent. 
The Sovereign Bank, of which he is local manager, is prac- 
tically conducted by young men, the General l\Ianager, Mr.. D. M. 
Stewart, is himself but thirty-three years of age. The marvelous 
strides which this young institution has made, and is making, 
proves what the Canadian boys may do. It is but a little over two 
years old, and with a capital of $1,300,000, and a reserve of 
$3 2 5,000, it had assets of over eight million dollars at the end af 
the second year. 
I used to wonder why it was that the Canadian boys neve1. 
had any trouble in getting a situation in New York. It was like 
this. Boy enters office, store, or warehouse, .. Good-morning. 
I'm looking for a situation! " 
" Nothing for you to-(. _y," boy starts away, when employer 
calls: " where are you from?" 
" Canada! " 
" Oh, well, wait a minute, I'll see," and the boy goes to work 
next day. I asked a big employer once. "\Vhy this preference?" 
He gave a wise look as he said: " The Canadian boy likes to keep 
at it! He is absolutely honest; then he has a whole lot of good 
sense, and soon learns and becomes valuable. I \Vhile other boys- 
too many of them-are busy having a good time, the young 
Canuck is busy thinking out the best way of becoming useful to 
us. That's why the preference! Do you know," he continued, 
"that some of our most successful business men are Canadian 
born? You see they come down here with their good constit'l- 
tions-(you know they are nearly all athletic and tough, can stand 
anything )-and our swift ways of doing business don't tire them 
out, result, in two or three years time they are in the maelstrom. 
the great scathing whirl of business, and can stand it, while the 
boys who were looking- for the " good time" have found it, and 
are stilI having it." He was an enthusiast on the Canadian boy, 
and said many other good things about him. 

15 0 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

From !Jlessenger Boys to CaPitalists! 
The "boys," however, from whose good works Ottawa has 
perhaps benefitted more than any others, are lVlr. Thomas Ahearn 
and :Mr. W. Y. Soper. From telegraph messengers, they have
by their own unaided efforts, not only gained unique success ior 
themselves, but have done incalculable good for the Capital. Be- 
ginning as messenger boys, they became expert telegraphers-anJ 
then developed into electricians without peers in the Dominion. 
In speaking of his start in life, 1\1r. Ahearn once said: .. I 
started as a messenger boy, and am proud of it! I tried to do 
my work well-I never loitered by the way-I did not have time, 
as I needed every minute to perfect myself in telegraphy. The 
boy who loiters by the way, when sent on an errand, too often re- 
mains the errand boy throughout life." There's a whole sermon 
in that sentence! 
When but a youth of 18" he went to New York City, went as 
an expert with the Western Union. He was there on the memo;- 
able" Black Friday," when fortunes melted away in an hour, aye 
as frost in a breath. In 1881, with 11r. Soper, he started an 
electrical business. Started in a very small way, but the boys 
with a purpose became the men of success. 

First to Cope With Snow. 
Ottawa's snail line of cars attracted their attention, as it had 
attracted the attention of others-but the others had seen the snDW 
of winter, and, looked upon the running of cars by electricity, dm-- 
ing the winter months, as an impossibility. No place in the world 
had successfully cODed with snow of any depth. In fact it was 
only in Richmond, Virginia, and possibly a few other places, 
where the trolley had proved a success
 even under the most fav- 
orable climatic conditions. But what to the others was an im- 
possible barrier, was to Messrs. Ahearn & Soper, a solvable prob- 
lem. They became the pioneers in running cars snccessfully ill 
countries of heavy snow-fall. Montreal, with its tinkling horse 
cars, stood critically waiting to see their efforts fail-but gladly 
saw them succeed, and with many another snow city quickly fol- 
lowed their lead. By that one stroke, Ottawa was carried, in 
latitude, far to the South, as the snow barrier of other days is no 
more a barrier than are the snows of Virginia. No part of the 
50 miles of Ottawa's trolley system but may be traversed dnring 
the heaviest snow storm. 
To this car system, to-day, the Capital owes much of its 
beauty, where at its inception were fields, are now seen fin
avenues, lined by pretty homes, brought near to the heart of the 
city by reason of it. And not only have new avenues been made 
possible and accessible, but many of the other parts of Ottawa 
have been greatly improved by it. 



In " The Hub and The Spokes," the author has taken a new 
departure. It will be published under Patronage-Patronage by 
Approval of his other Canadian books. 
Of those who have paid him so high a compliment, he will 
ever think kindly, and strive to merit their confidence. 
In selecting Patrons, he sought not alone Canadians, but some 
of the great men of his own country were chosen.-One from the 
East-one from the Center, and a third from the far West. 
He has been asked why he has chosen Patrons from his own 
land, for a Canadian work. A great man-himself a Canadian 
by adoption-recently wrote this sentence to the author, which 
may well be used as the answer to the query: "It is gratifying 
to know that you are continuing the good work, in which you 
have occupied yourself for some years, of making the people of 
Canada and the people of the United States better acquainted 
with each other." 
This is the one all absorbing desire of the author, to bring 
the two peoples in closer sympathy-not politically, but neigh- 
borly. Weare one in sentiment, one in language, and should go 
hand in hand for good. In selecting Patrons from either side of 
the line, it will do some good-be that never so little-toward cn- 
gendering a kindly feeling between the two countries. 
If it is gratifying to the great man, whose sentence has been 
quoted above, how much more so is it to the author, to know that 
his efforts have been appreciated by one whom his nation delights 
in honoring. It is moreover most gratifying to the author, to 
hear from some remote corner of his own country, the words: 
" Your story of Canada is a revelation-we had thought of it as 
a cold barren land, when instead, you show us a land of marvel- 
ous beauty, where mountain rivals lake, river and plain, where 
flowers grow in rich profusion, and where the horn of plenty is 
ever o'erflowing for a happy contented people." Should that 
writer see the names of the great men of his own country, who 
have approved the author's works, he would think even more of 
the story of this North land. That is why the Patrons were 
chosen from the two sides of the line. That is why the author asked 
the approval of men of eminence of the two countries. 



Canada has been singularly fortunate in the men sent out 
from England to represent the Crown. These Governors General 
have been, with rare exceptions, most pleasing to Canada, few 
being so much so as the present Governor, Lord Minto, whose 
term is so shortly to end. 
The Earl of l\linto, Gilbert John Murray Kynynmond Elliot, 
G.C.1\I.G., D.L., J.P., was born July 9th, 1845. He is the son of 
the third Earl, whom he succeeded in 1891. 
He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge (B,A,), and 
entered the Scots Guards in 1867, retiring in 1870 with the rank 
of lieutenant. He was for ten years Brigadier-General in com- 
mand of the South of Scotland Infantry (1888 to 1898.) He has 
had a military experience extending over many parts of the Bri- 
tish Empire. In 1877 we find him in the Turkish army; in 1879 
taking part in the Afghan war; in r881 as private secretary to 
General Lord Roberts at the Cape; and in 1883 to 1885, military 
secretary to the Governor General of Canada, 1\1arquis of Lans- 
downe. He was chief of staff in the Riel Rebellion in the North- 
west (1885). 
In 1898 he was appointed to succeed the Earl of Aberdeen as 
Governor General of Canada. This was a difficult task, follow- 
ing as he did the Aberdeens, who were immensely popular, but so 
well have the 1\1intos succeeded, that they will leave Canada uni- 
versally beloved by the people of all the Dominion. 
" l\Iary Caroline is the fourth daughter of the late General, 
the Hon. Charles Grey, son of the second Earl Grey, K.G., private 
secretary to Queen Victoria, and his wife Caroline Eliza, elde5t 
daughter of Sir T, H. Farquhar, Bart." Thus 1\Iorgan intro- 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

duces the Countess of Minto, wife of the Governor General of 
Canada. vVhile" Countess" is her title, democratic Canada 
knows and lovingly calls her 

Lady lr! into. 
I have no means of knowing the popularity of other incumbents 
of Rideau Hall, but I have never seen a woman, in any station, 
more generally esteemed than is this charming lady, and her 
going away seems to be a universal regret. 
Lady 11into, as may be seen in other portions of this volume, 
has taken an active part in all that interests her people. both in 
pleasure and for good. Her work in the erection of Cottage H:)s- 
pitals in remote districts (to the fund for which she subscribed 
Iiberal1y) ; the fund she instituted for the location, protection and 
decoration of the graves of Canadians who fell in the service of 
the Empire in South Africa, during the Boer war; the help she 
gave to the lVIinto wing of the Maternity Hospital in Ottawa ; 
her medals and prizes given for the ornamentation of the flower 
garden of this city; the encouragement she has given to art gen- 
erally, all tend to show what she has been to Canada. 
The part she has taken may be further seen by the numerous 
offices she has honored by accepting. She is Honorary President 
of the Aberdeen Association, Honorary President of the Victoridn 
Order of Nurses, Honorary President of the National Council úf 
vVomen, and Honorary President of the Canadian League of 
Civic Improvement. 
Lady 1\1:into is well known to our own people, among whom 
she has, and will ever, receive a cordial welcome. She has been 
received in audience by President 1\:1cKinley, and since, by Pr'2si- 
dent Roosevelt. 
No one has ever done so much for skating in Canada as have 
Lord and Lady Minto. Of this I have written at length else- 
Their home in England, to which they wiII soon return, is 
Minto House, one and a half miles from Hawick, in Roxburgh- 
shire. It is near to the border of Scotland, and of the localitv 
chosen by Scott for his" Lay of the Last Minstrel," if one may 
judge by: 
"In Hawick twinkled many" a light, 
Behind them soon they set in night; 
And soon he spurr'd his courser keen 
Beneath the tower of Hazeldean." 
This of Deloraine's night ride on his mission to the monk" In 
l\1:elrose's holy pile." Then, again: 
" Elliots and Armstrongs never fai1." 

Lord and Lady Minto. 



" Young Gilbert, let our beacon blaze, 
Our kin, and clan, and friends to raise." 
Both Lord and Lady l\linto have literary ability, His Excellency 
having contributed largely to magazines, on military matters, while 
Her Excellency has contributed to English magazines on Canõt- 
dian life, more especially on outdoor sports, skating, toboggan- 
ning, &c. 
Rideau Hall, during the winter months, has been the centre 
of life in Ottawa, and one cannot but think that whoever follows 
these charming people will have a precedent of pleasure giving 
most difficult to follow. 
Just before the proroguing of Parliament, an official fareweìl 
took place. The kindly sentiment toward their Excellencies may 
be seen by the speeches of the two leaders of the House. 
The Premier, in speaking of His Excellency, said: 
"He is a man most unflinching in the performance of his 
duty. Nothing can move him from what he conceives to be right. 
In all things he has been a model constitutional Governor, 
maintaining at all times the dignity of the Crown, and never for- 
getting the rights of the people. He was not satísfied only to 
perform his duties in a merely perfunctory manner, but he took 
the trouble to go out and to get in close touch with the people. 
He visited different sections of the country. He was approached 
by all classes, and I am not speaking too strongly when I say that 
if it was possible to do so. he has drawn the Crown even nearer 
to the hearts of the people than ' it was before. 

Gracious Virtues. 
" Neither should we, upon such an occasion as this, forget 
Her Excellency, the Countess of :Minto. The Countess of Minto 
has brought to Government House all the virtues which have 
adorned the Court of the late Queen Victoria, and which ar'" now 
maintained so worthily by Her Majesty Queen Alexandra. (Ap- 
plause.) It is true that all these virtues have ever been conspi- 
cuous at Government House, but it is only true to say also that in 
the Countess of Minto, in the present incumbent of that positi-
those virtues shine with a special grace and charm, Her Ex
lency did not confine herself to fulfilling the duties of the social 
side of her station, but she went amongst the people and end
vored to alleviate suffering, and to bring the comforts of life and 
home to those who were homeless and comfortless. The fact that 
she has established the institution of cottage hospitals, which ha'le 
been scattered all over the countrv, is in itself enough to end

her memory forever to the Canadian people." (Loud applause.) 

15 6 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

1\Ir. R. L. Borden, the Opposition leader, heartily concurred 
in all the Premier had said, saying Lord and Lady Minh") had en- 
tered into the life of the Canadian people in all its details. 

Unalterable Loyalty. 
The address, in part, said: 
" We beg that when you deliver up to the King the charge 
committed to your hands by our late revered sovereign lady, 
Queen Victoria, you will not fail to assure His IVlajesty of the un- 
alterable loyalty and devotion of the people of Canada to the 
throne, and their abiding affection for the motherland." 


Did you ever think what a strange thing is reputation? It io; 
one's character, either good or bad. If bad, it is soon known tar 
and wide; but when good, it travels very slowly. There is so 
mu,::h of jealousy in the world that it takes a great force to drive 
one man past his fellows. This is both sad and discouraging, and 
yet, in a way, it is just and proper. The world must have lead- 
ers, and it should have the best leaders. If it were easy for the 
mediocre to get past his fellows, there would be few really great 
men at the front. 
I t is said that: " Some men are born great, others have great- 
ness thrust upon them." He who said this, said-in part-only 
words, if he meant that the act of thrusting greatness upon a m1.l1 
made him, by the act, great. If it were true, then the beggar 
might be made a king, while in fact-in heart and manner-he 
would be the beggar still, a mere thing of flesh wearing a crown. 
The other part of the sentence is true. Great men are born 
They may be born poor-they very often are-but there is within 
them that which drives them to the front, past all obstacles. Op- 
portunity, or its lack, may hold them back for a time, but when it 
comes they are ready. When opportunity came, Grant stepped 
into position, and relegated pigmies in uniform to the rear. What 
was impossible for them was easy for him. He was born with 

Lord Strathcona. 


All lands have their leaders. England has its great men, 
the United States its men of worth, Canada has its men of power. 
\Vere you ever in l\Iexico, and did you stand on some high 
elevation and look over a vast forest, and did you ever note some 
giant mahogany towering far above its mates? There was 110 
question, for though many of those mates were tall and stately, 
that one tree stood above them all, and in their way they must 
have paid sylvan homage to the giant. 
As this is true of the forest, so it is true of men. \Ve close 
our eyes, and in mental vision see the giants of every nation loom- 
ing up. 
I have often visited art galleries, and looked upon row after 
row of pictures of men whose past prominence had merited th
a place upon those walls of fame, and yet, as I looked, I could f;ee 
only an occasional name even remotely familiar, while all others 
were forgotten. He who would live with his portrait through 
time must work for the happiness, rather than for the momentary 
applause of his fellows. 
* * * * * 
I wrote the above long ago. I wondered then would I ev.-=r 
meet and know a man that preface would fit. I read them to _he 
rich. I read them to the poor. I read them to the hiO"h in state. 
I read them to those of low degree. I asked in Canada: " Have 
you such an one?" There was but a single answer, for all said: 
" We have such an one, and 

Lord Strathcona 
is the man." And when I met and knew him, it was a joy to say: 
" The answer is a true one." 
The Duke of Argyle once said of him: " No man of Canada 
ever did so much, as a private citizen, for the making of the 
Dominion into a nation." He might well have left ()11t of .:he 
sentence those words: " as a private citizen." Some men are true 
to narty first-country second. vVith this great citizen it is coun- 
try first and always. 
The years have been many since 1821, when Donald A. 
Smith began life in Morayshire, Scotland, but the mind of the 
man, now Lord Strathcona and l\lount Royal is as clear as ever, 
while his judgment is more mature, and both are still at work for 
A famous man once said of him: "I knew him as Donald A. 
Smith, I knew him as Sir Donald, I have known him as Lo
Strathcona, and in all the years he has ever been the same genial 
character-titles and honors not changing him in the least." 
In my book on 11:ontreal, I told bits here and there of his 
busy life. To have told it fully would have required a large 
volume-which volume I may some day write, as an incentive to 

15 8 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

young men, to show them the possibilities of what man may do 
endowed with an indomitable will, and a heart that beats for his 
In our country millionaires are giving away fortunes every 
year, and our country but smiles at the gifts, with no love for the 
givers-for love prompts not the gifts; whilst all over Canada, 
prayers go up nightly for the benefaction of this great man, {or 
heart alone prompts his gifts, both great and small, gifts hun- 
dreds of which will never be known, save to them whose hearts 
he has made happier. 
To the millions who know the man or his worth, I need say 
no more; to those who know him not, I will but say: " Here is one 
whose name will be fresh in the hearts of his people, long after 
his portrait shall have faded from its canvas." 
In the largeness of his liberality, Lord Strathcona is like t1n
Peabody, and in the spirit of his giving, much like the late Geo. 
\V. Childs, and holds the place, in the hearts of Canadians, that 
Helen Gould holds in the affections of all Americans. 
\Vith many the highest order of man is the hospitable. This 
attribute embodies so much-kindness of heart, love for human- 
ity, and liberality of entertainment. Lord Strathcona is the very 
personification of Highland hospitality-stronger words would be 
hard to find, and words less expressive would not fit the man. 


If all men were born equal, this would be a world of giants or 
pigmies, if either extremes were taken as the standard. I often 
wonder how it is that in one little world there can be differences 
so vast. Creatures there are, so small in mental capacity that 
thousands, aye millions, might drop out of being and yet the world 
not note their going. Then again, we see a single other creature, 
whose years are so full of that which advances the world's good, 
that his works will live long ages after he has gone. When I 
find such a man as this,-a ma.n whose years are replete with ac- 
complishment, I have a great desire to steal space and tell of him, 
that perchance there may be those who have not known of him 
before. He whose name heads my sketch is stranger to few 
Canadians, nor is he unknown to him who has fo1I9wed the 

Sir Sandford Fleming. 


world men of deeds, I write not of Father Time, but the Father 
of Time-of 

Standard Time. 
l\lany who read these lines wiII be surprised to know that in 
Ottawa dwells the man whose persistency changed the clocks of 
the world. It was Sir Sandford Fleming, who first saw the 
need of a time system, that would be general the world over. At 
first he was given scant courtesy, but oh, mark the change. The 
men, in England, who refused to listen to his words, when he had 
travelled across the ocean to speak to them, afterwards crossed 
to America to hear him talk, and they listened, for he talked to a 
purpose, and to-day the clock that strikes the hour at Greenwkh, 
sounds round the globe. 

The Pacific Cable 
is another child of the Scotch genius, in whose indomitable will 
was conceived, and through whose persistent purpose was born 
this mighty accomplishment, and possibly before his sun shall have 
set he may read, " Tis done," flashed round the world on cables 
of the British Empire. 
It was Sir Sandford Fleming who ran the line of the Inter- 
colonial Railway from Halifax to l\10ntreal. It was Sir Sand- 
ford Fleming whose chain marked the way for the great Cana- 
dian Pacific, thus completing the belt across the Continent. 
Sir Sandford Fleming was born at Kirkcaldy, Fifeshire, 
Scotland, January 7th, 1827. He came to Canada in 1845. In 
18 57 he was Chief Engineer of the Northern Railway. In 1863 
the people of the Red River country, (now l\Ianitoba), sent him 
to England to urge a connection with Eastern Canada. On his 
return he was appointed to conduct the survey of the Intercol- 
onial Railway, with which he remained until the last spike was 
driven. In 1871 he was made Chief Engineer of the Pacific 
Railway, and the initial work on the transcontinental line was doae 
by him. The highest engineering authority of the day-PaIlisl
-pronounced the idea of securing a route through the Rocky 
l\Iountains, an impossible task. The master mind of Sir Sandford 
solved the problem, and found a way-proving him even greatl
than a Pallisier. In 1872 he laid out the line across Newfound- 
land for the railway from S1. John's to St. George. 

Honors for Worth. 
He was made a C.:M.G. in 1877 and in 1897 a K.C.l\1.G. In 
IS80 he was made Chancellor of Queen's University, Kingston, 
and has held the honor ever since. In 1882 he was given the free- 
dom of Kirkcaldy Burghs. In 1884 he was given the degree of 
LL.D. by St. Andrews University, and in 1887 was similary hon- 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

ored by Columbia College, New York City. In 1886 he was 
a warded the Confederation Medal by the Governor General. [n 
1888 he was made President of the Royal Society ùf 
Canada. He is a member of the Institute of Civil Engineêfs, 
England. He is a Fellow of the Geological Society of Victona 
Institute and numerous other societies. 

He was sent to Venice in 1881 to represent the Canadian In- 
stitute and American :Meteorological Society at the International 
Congress. In 1884 he represented the Dominion at the Int
national Prime Meridian Conference at \Vashington. In 1887 
he represented Canada at the Colonial Confederation in London. 
In 1893 he went to Australia and England re the Pacific Cable. 
In 1894' he was a member of the Colonial Conference in Ottawa- 
a gathering first suggested by him. 

Sir Sandford is a prolific and most able writer. Among 
many works are "The Intercolonial-A. Historical Sketch," 
" Short Sunday Service for Travellers," " Daily Prayers for Busy 
Households," "Uniform Standard Time," "A Cable across the 
Pacific," "The Prime Meridian Question," "England and Can- 
ada; Old to New Westminster," "Expedition to the Pacific," 
" Parliamentary vs. Party Government," &c., &c. 

Saving of The Queen's Picture. 
If, while in Ottawa, you should visit the House of Commons. 
you will see there a beautiful painting of Queen Victoria, and 
thereby hangs a story of deep interest. More than one half cen- 
tury ago-<>r to be exact, April 25th, 1849-this picture hung in 
the Parliament Buildings in i\10ntreal. On the morning of that 
ill-fated day those buildings stood intact-the morning after they 
lay in ruins. It was burned by an enraged mob. As the fire lick- 
ed up the great building, four men might have been seen beatiug 
their way through the flames to the Legislative Hall, where hung 
the picture of the Queen, which had but shortly before been re- 
ed from England, where it had been painted by John Part- 
ridge, portrait painter to Her Majesty. At sight of the portrait 
of their beloved Queen, the four men with one impulse, rushc.l 
to save it. The massive frame being firmly bolted to the wall, it 
was with great difficulty detached. \Vhen at last it fell, the 
stretching frame was quickly torn out, and each man under a cor- 
ner, they carried it out into the air, and thus it was saved. On 
the morning after these four brave men had risked their lives to 
save the portrait, they were surprised to see, in a newspaper, 

Sir Sandford Fleming. 


giving an account of the fire, this item: "It is stated that the 
valuable oil painting of the Queen was torn down and carried off 
by four scoundrels." Sir Sandford Fleming was one of the four 
and in this instance was proud of the subroquet. Not for many 
years did he learn the names of the other three, all of whom are 
now dead. They were Colonel Wiley, a JVlr. l\lcGilleray, of the 
Eastern Townships, and the fourth an uncle of Colonel A. H. 
Todd, of the Parliamentary Library. 

Like all great men, Sir Sandford is broadminded. When the 
Ottawa University, in December last, met with its terrible dIS- 
aster by fire, he, although a Presbyterian and it Roman Catholic, 
was first to respond, not only by kinùly sympathy, but graciously 
accepted the chairmanship of the general relief committee, and 
when again we may look upon this great institution of learning. 
risen phænix-like from its ashes, no small part of its prompt re- 
building will be due to this man of heart and action. 
Sir Sandford Fleming, like Lord Strathcona, is proverbial for 
the beautiful wording of short notes and letters. Their reading 
always gives good feeling, and they remain a pleasant memory. 
Other letters may-on reading-be cast aside into the waste paper 
basket, or burned on accumulation, but those of these two men 
are laid away and kept for future pleasure. 
Great men are ever kind to those beneath them. Said one 
who served under this leader in the long survey across the con- 
tinent: " It was ever a pleasure to do our best for one so kind as 
Sir Sandford Fleming." 
The London 
f orning Post well classed him" In the first rank 
of Colonial statesmen." And in concluding this necessarily brief 
outline of a busy life of great deeds, I cannot do so in more fitting 
words than were used by Canada's great citizen, Lord Strathco
in speaking of Sir Sandford: " His name, that of a man who has 
done great and good work, not alone for Canada, but for the Em- 
pire as a whole." He might well have said: "Canada, the Em- 
pire, and the world as a whole," for trne worth has no locality. 


Ottawa, The Hub. 


We had not been in Canada long before we had come to the 
conclusion that the principal product of Nova Scotia and New 
Brunswick was big men, and when we reached Ottav.-a, 
and had one after another of the great ones of the Dominio'1 
pointed out as "another from the Lower Provinces," we asked: 
"V,/hy is this? " 
" Oh, it's a habit grown chronic with that country. They 
can't help it. ' \Vhat?' Oh, I see, yes, it must be that-you 
ought to go down some time; fine fishing ground there!" Then 
he pointed out several others of the product. 
" See that tall, fine-looking gentleman to the right, near the 
front?" Of course I saw him, as he was one you would see and 
remark among many. " \Vell, that is Sir Frederick \Villiam 
Borden, :Minister of Militia and Defence, He is from Nova 
Scotia. " 
Then, the old citizen, who knows everybody worth knowing, 
told us so much about Sir Frederick that we became greatly in- 
terested, and asked l\10rgan for data biographical. 
"He is the son of the late Dr. Jonathan Borden, and was 
born at CornwalJis, N.S., May 14th, 1847. Was educated at 
King's College, \Vindsor (B.A. 1867). He afterward attended 
Harvard l\Iedical Schoo], receiving his l\I.D, in 1868. Returning 
to Nova Scotia, he practiced his profession at Canning, at the same 
time acting as agent for the Halifax Banking Company. In 
1893 he was appointed a member of the Provincial Board of 
Health. In 1895 he was elected Vice-President of the Liberal 
Association for the l\1aritime Provinces. 
" While in College he entered the Volunteer l\lilitia Senice, 
and in 186g was appointed Assistant Surgeon of the 68th King's 
Company Battalion, was promoted Surgeon 1\lajor in 1883, and 
in 1893 became Hon. Surgeon Lt.-Colonel. 
" From 1874 to 1882 he sat in the Dominion House of Com- 
mons for King's County. He "vas defeated at the next general 
election, but in 1887 was returned, and has been re-elected each 
general election since. When his party (Liberal) came into 
power in 1896, he was appointed l\linister of l\lilitia and Defence." 
Some men in office seem to be misfits. They can fill the 
position in a way, but they can never bring ont the possibilities 
of the place. Others seem born to the position, and could quickly 
bring order out of chaos. Sir Frederick is one of these men. It 
is agreed by all parties that the militia of Canada was never in so 
good a condition as it is to-day. Every branch of this department 
is fitted and running as smoothly as a finely-constructed piece of 
machinery, and if to-morrow the 40,000 force of the Dominivl1 
militia were called to war, every part could be ready to step into 

The Canadìwl, a Natural Born Soldz'er. 


place. The Engineering Corps to mark the way, the Service 
Corps to bring up the supplies, the Intelligence Branch with 
classified information, with its corps of Guides, and the Medical 
Corps of competent young men to look after sick and wounded. 
All elements of an army, and each element most admirably chos'
for the purpose of its being. 
When the First Contingent was called for to go to South 
Africa, it was enlisted fully equipped and on ship at Quebec for 
South Africa, 10,000 miles away, in just 14 days after the first 
man was enrolled. 
To appreciate what this means one must take into account 
that: " The contingent was enrolled, its units scattered over terri- 
tory stretching 4,000 miles from ocean to ocean, were mobilized,. 
clothed, equipped, armed and concentrated and sailed for South 
Africa." (C. A. Mathews, in Canadian Magazine.) 
Nor does the above fully convey the marvellous feat of this 
young country. Read this from the report of Colonel D. A. Mac- 
donald, Chief Superintendent of 
1ilitia Stores:- 
" vVith the exception of the arms and Oliver equipment, there 
was little in store charge to meet the special requirements of such 
a force. 
" A statement of articles to be provided was made out, and 
the contractors Íor clothing, and merchants likely to be in a posi- 
tion to meet the demands, were communicated with. 
" The material for the clothing had to be made-the contrac- 
tors had none on hand. Everyone concerned, however, started to 
work with a will, and the equipment, as per the following list, was 
issued to the regiment. The actual date of sailing was October 
30th, 1899, one day within the limit given. The work was con- 
sequently accomplished in 14 days by the staff of the Branch, 
without extra help." 
Then follows a list of thousands of articles, which were manu- 
factured and collected all in so short a time. Yes," marvellous" 
is the word. 
Sir Frederick has collected about him a staff of men well cal- 
culated to second his efforts, and to do each his part in perfecting 
the system that is bringing up the citizen soldiery of the Dominion 
to a very high degree of proficiency. The Canadian is a natural- 
born soldier. This was proven in the South African war, where 
many a boy from office, field or workshop won his V.C. or D.S.O. 
for deeds of daring that would have done honor to a Spartan of 

The Staff. 
The Staff-or heads of the various branches of the great de- 
partment-are a fine body of men, many of them with records 
worthy of extended notice. 

16 4 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

Deputy Minister-Colonel L, F. Pinault. 
Adjutant-General and Officer Commanding the Canadian 
Militia-Colonel the Right Honourable Nlatthew Lord Aylmer. 
Aide-de-Camp-J\lajor E. 11. T. Heward. 
J\1ilitary Secretary-Lieut.-Col. H. Smith. 
Deputy Adjutant-General-Col. B. H. Vidal. 
Assistant Adjutant General for Artillery-Lieut.-Col. R. vV. 
Inspector for l\1usketry-Lieut.-Col. Robert Cartwright, 
Director General of Intelligence-Col. W. A. C. Denny. 
Intelligence Staff Officers-Lieut,-Col. V. B. Rivers, l\Iajor 
A. Clyde Caldwell, and. Capt. W. B. Anderson. 
Railway Intelligence-Col. Samuel Hughes, M.P. 
Quartermaster General-Col. W m. H. Cotton. 
Assistant Quartermaster General-Lieut.-Col. A. Lyons 
Director General Engineer Services-Lieut.-CoI. P. Wea- 
Assistant Director General of Engineer Services-l\lajor G. 
S. Maunsell, 
Director General of Ordnance-Col. D. A. Macdonald, 1.S.0. 
Assistant Director General of Ordnance-Lieut.-Col. J. B. 
Director General Medical Services-Lieut.-Col. E. Fiset, 
Royal Military College. 
The West Point of Canada is located at Kingston. It is the 
Royal Military College, started when vVm. Ross, :M.P., was J\1in- 
ister of 1\1ilitia. It ranks very high, quite up to the standard, it 
is claimed, of the l\Iilitary Colleges of the Empire. There was a 
time when it was difficult to get young men-now applicants are 
far beyond the capacity of the College, and a fine lot of boys th
are, too. Many of them are from Ottawa-from some of the 
best families, 
Sir Frederick's aim has not been to increase the force of the 
militia so much as to increase its efficiency, and to make it self- 
There was a time when the militia of Canada had to depend 
upon outside countries for its supplies. Now all ammunition, 
rifles, army supplies of every kind, are made in this country-in 
short, everything but large ordnance is "made in Canada "-as 
they are pleased to say. 

The Militia Force. 
There are 12 Military Districts, which I give herewith, with 
the commanding officers:- 

Schools of Military Instruction. 

16 5 

NO.1, London, Ont.-Cot. James Peters, A.D.C., (Aide-de- 
Camp to His Excellency the Governor General.) 
No.2, Toronto, Ont.-Col. \Vm. Dillon Otter. C.B., (Com- 
panion of the Order of the Bath), A.D.C. 
NO.3, Kingston, Ont.-Col. L. Buchan, C.l\I.G., A.D.C. 
NO.4, Ottawa, Ont.-Lieu1.-Col. \V. E. Hodgins. 
NO.5, l\Iontreal, P.Q.-Cot. \tVm. D. Gordon. 
No.6, S1. John's, P.Q.-Lieu1.-Col. Alexandre Roy. 
Ko. 7, Quebec, P.Q.-Lieu1.-Col. O. C. C. Pelletier. 
No.8, S1. John, N.B.-Lieut.-Col. G. Rolt White. 
NO.9, Halifax, N. S.-Col. Jas. Douglas Irving. 
No. 10, Winnipeg Man.-Co!. T. D. B. Evans. 
No. 11, Victoria, B.C.-Co!. J. G. Holmes. 
No. 12, Charlottetown, P.E.I.-Lieut.-Col. Fred. Strong. 

Schools of I nstrllction. 
There are five Depots or Divisions where are located Schools 
of Instruction. These are at (1) London, (2) Toronto, (3) 3t. 
John's, P.Q., (4) Fredericton, (5) Quebec. At these depots are 
stationed Canada's" Standing Army," which, unlike any other in 
the world, the 1,000 men who compose it are not so much to do 
fighting as to train others to fight. During the year instructors 
are sent to the various camps in the Dominion to " teach young 
ideas to "-no, I mean to instruct the militia how to shoot. From 
the way, however, the boys shot last fall down on the Rifle Range, 
the Colonel and I came to the conclusion that it would be a very 
skilful instructor indeed who could give them any points on shoot- 
ing. \Vhy, he who could not make a series of bull's eyes at 1,000 
yards "wasn't in it." The Colonel and I tried it one day, and 
the markers haven't yet found where we hit. 
Sir Frederick is of old Colonial connection. "His gre3.t- 
grandfather, Samuel Borden, of Tiverton, lVIass., was sent to 
Acadia by the Governor of Rhode Island, to survey the lands 
vacated at the expulsion of the Acadians." He returned to Tiver- 
ton, but left his son, Percy Borden, and the family have ever 
since resided there. 
Sir Frederick's family consists of Lady Borden-who was 
:Miss Bessie Clarke, of Canning, N.S.-:\liss Borden, and l\Iiss 
11aud Borden. 
:Major Harold, his only son, met his death in the South 
African war while gallantly leading a company of the Canadian 
l\Ionnted Rifles, at the battle of \Vitpoort, in the Transvaal, where 
an Irish Regiment was being sorely pressed by the Boers. His g3.l- 
lant action merited and received words of commendation from 
Lord Roberts and others of hig-h rank. 
The Ottawa residence of ' the :Minister is Stadacona Hall, on 
Theodore Street, once the home of Sir John A. l\lacdonald. . 


Ottawa, The Hub. 


. Robert Laird Borden, leader of the Opposition (Conserva- 
tIve) Party of Canada, was born at Grand Pre, Nova Scotia. 
] une 26th, 1854. He is the son of the late Andrew Borden, 
and was educated at Accasia Villa Academy, Horton. He began 
the study of law in 1874, and was called to the bar in 1878, be- 
coming a Queen's Counsel in r891. His legal abilities soon 
placed him prominent among the pleaders before the Supreme 
Court of Canada, and he has been engaged in many cases before 
the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. 
He has always been a leader, first among the boys at school, 
then among men. In 1893, he became President of the Nova 
Scotia Barristers Society, which position of honor he held up 
to the present year, when he declined re-election. 
Entering politics in 1896, he was elected to the House of 
Commons, and re-elected in 1900. vVhen Sir Charles Tupper, 
in 1901, resigned as leader of the Conservative Party, Mr. 
Borden was chosen to fill that honorable posi tion. 
It has been said that "with the possible exception of Sir 
John Thompson, Canada has never seen another public man rise 
so rapidly to a' foremost place in her affairs as :Mr. R. L. Borden." 
This same writer said again. "The coming of 1\1r. Borden has 
been a miracle of swift achievement. He emerged from the 
twilight fame of a snccessfnl local law practice in 1896, by moù- 
estly taking his seat as a member for Halifax, in the House of 
Commons. Very soon it was felt that the new Opposition had 
in its legal recruit a powerful critic, an incisive student of politi- 
cal matters, and an effective debater." 
Mr. Borden's ability as a Parliamentarian would indeed have 
to be of a very fine order to cope with the members of the Go./"- 
ernment, who for years had been trained in all the intricasies 
of political debate.. 
He is a deep thinker, putting his arguments in a pleasant 
and convincing manner. He impresses the listener as being 
scrupulously honest in all he says. The truth of his argument 
may irritate, but his manner is so courteous, that he seldom 
angers his opponent, while convincing the "jury." 
Unlike the Stump Orator, whose "speech" is pleasing to 
h(ar, but forgotten before dinner, 1\fr. Borden's is heard with 
pleasure, and afterwards read with delight from one end of the 
Dominion to the other. 
It is a strong- character, whom friends praise for ability, and 
opponents for fairness. R. L. Borden is such a character. Dy 
nature he is fair, by natural endowment and training he is abl
and when we think of his comparative youth, we cannot but WOll- 
der what he will attain with age, but neither age nor position 

Robert Laird Borden. 

16 7 

will change the man-his genial nature, ungoverned by policy, 
will make and hold friends regardless of party affiliation. His 
popularity is attested by the many cities throughout Canada, 
vieing with each other in confering honors and presenting gifts 
to himself and 1\1rs. Borden-scarcely less a favorite than her 
husband. And apropos of this brilliant lady, Not long since, 
Speaker Belcourt, who has the rare gift of always grace- 
fully doing the proper thing at the proper time, officially recog- 
nized the right of the wife of the Opposition leader to a seat in 
that part of the gallery reserved for the wives of Cabinet "Minis- 
ters. In speaking of 1\lrs. Borden, one of these ladies said, of 
her excellent qualities: "She has ideas, lots of them; she under- 
stands public questions, is a \Voman's Council worker, is keenly 
alive to all matters of interest or importance to women, is a splen- 
did hostess, a devoted wife and a charming woman-what 
more would you have?" I have never heard given, a better an- 
swer than hers, to the question: "Do you believe in \Voman 
' which answer was given in a recent interview wilh 
a Society writer. 1\lrs Borden replied: "I do not, to my mind 
a ,,,ife is, or should be, a helpmeet, and the wife of a politician can, 
and ought to be, a help to her husband in a thousand ways, with- 
out actually entering the political arena herself. To have some 
knowledge of public questions of the day, to understand the politi- 
cal issues with which her husband is concerned, make his interests 
hers intelligently and sympathetically-is not this possible with- 
out a vote? Not everyone knows how exacting and how wear- 
ing is an active public life. Now if a wife understands her hus- 
band's capacity for work, st
ldies his comfort and guards His 
health, is she not doing something as important as if she herself 
made speeches or voted? " Yes, and no--" Yes," if all wi yes 
 as capable as the one who could give so brilliant an answer 
as the above-and "no," if the politician were of the ordinary 
variety. In the latter case, she might be doing the country a s
vice, by taking the stump herself. 
Illustrative of 1\lr. Borden's happy faculty of impromptu 
speaking, and saying pleasing things at the right time, and fur- 
ther, as showing l\'Irs. Borden's popularity,-not long since they 
were being presented with a case of silver, in the House. In 
response to the presentation speech, in which the speaker paId 
especial compliment to 1\:Irs. Borden, the Leader said, among 
many other happy things, "I was out playing golf one even- 
ing last week, in coming up to where some ladies were making sbw 
headway, I heard one of them remark, 'we must hurry, we are 
obstructing the play of the Leader of the Opposition.' Said one 
of the others, without turning around, 'Oh, I didn't know that 
l\1rs. Borden was out this evening.' " 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

Asks an Extension. 
And speaking of "wife," I am reminded of a good story (If 
Borden's young manhood, a story that will bring up pleasant 
memories of the days when he, at nineteen, taught school in the 
Glenwood Institute at 11attawan, not far from my New Jer;;ey 
home. Then (1874) as now, there was in the town a Literary So- 
ciety, one of the features of which is to read a book and prepare and 
deliver a criticism on it. Now, be it remembered, that in those 
days R. L., was not the finished speaker we know him to-day, but 
instead a timid, almost bashful boy. Some of the old maids on 
the Committee on books, appreciating this fact, and thinking to 
have a bit of fun at the young Canadian teacher's expense, selected 
for him Harriat Beecher Stowe's book: "My Wife and L"-You 
will remember that in this story are, "l\ly Child Wife," "My 
Dream \Vife" and" l\Iy Real vVife." The night came for him 
to deliver his criticism-he had no trouble with "l\ly Child vVife" 
and "My Dream Wife" was criticised so charmingly that many 
of the younger maidens sighed: " Oh, that I were that Dream! " 
But the Committee, in fact all, sat waiting for the last of the three. 
When he had finished with the two, he stopped, turned to the 
Committee and timidly said: "Our By-laws, I believe, give the 
right of extension of time if one is not prepared with one's CrIti- 
cism-ladies, I must claim that right-I am not prepared to criti- 
cise " l\ly Real Wife," and must ask an extension." 
"How long a time do you wish?" coyly asked the Chair- 
" \Vell, from present prospects I think I shall require about 
5 20 weeks," and amid smiles, that have not even yet ceased to 
ripple along the sea girt shores of 1:Iattawan, the young Nova 
Scotian sat down. 
Could Not Jolly Him. 
In. 1888, he with another" down Easter," was traveling from 
Liverpool to London. On the way, they fell in with a number of 
jolly young Englishmen, who on learning that the two were 
"Colonials," thought to have a "shy" at them. On the way the 
engine took up water from a trough between the rails. The 
Eng lishmen remarked this, and one of them began boasting of 
their wonderful improvements-"Why, dontcher know, we have 
every convenience in this country-you saw the engine taking 
watah back there? That's nothing, why on some of our roads, 
they take up coal the same way, at 50 miles an hour." Borden 
catching the spirit of the "jolly" said, with due solemnit.v: 
"That is nothing, gentlemen, to what we have in Canada. Ah, 
there's the country for you ! You people are slow over 
here ! You should see the way we do on OUf roads- 
we not only take up water and coal, but just before 
we left, one of the roads had put on a device to take on passengel5, 

The Boy and the Bald-headed Preacher. 169 

in the same way-we had to do it, as our roads are so long that 
we can't waste time stopping." There was no more jollying of 
" Colonials" on that trip, 

Seats for Six. 
Once a Judge in Nova Scotia, questioned the letter of the law, 
which said, ., All Seven Judges must sit to form a quorum." 
" vVhy," said the questioning Judge, who was anxious to get 
off from sitting, on an election appeal, in which l\lr. Borden was 
interested, " vVhy, see, there are but six seats." 
" Doubtless your Honor," said l\1r. Borden, with a twinkle, 
"the carpenter who framed those seats considered that six Judges 
were all that was necessary, but the men who framecL the law tOJk 
a different view." The Judge sat-on the extra chair provided 
for him. 

The Boy and the Bald-headed Preacher. 
l\Ir. Borden is a born investigator. In Nova Scotia, it is a 
proven fact that bald-heads do not contain the preponderence 
of brains. Up to four years of age, the Leader of the Opposition, 
had never seen a "front row" man. One day a good old preacher 
called, bringing with him a head of the billiard ball variety. It 
was a revelation to the boy, who hung around the corners of the 
room, trying to analyse the mystery at a distance, but failing to 
statisfy his curiosity, and taking advantage of the temporary ab- 
sence of his mother, he pushed a chair up behind the good man, 
and on the mother's return, to her consternation" she found young 
Robert standing up behind the old gentleman, most intently ex- 
amining the phenomenon at close quarters. 
It is said, that he has since learned a great deal on this sub- 
ject, and found many heads bald on both sides-in as well as out. 
I t is also said, by those \vho are well informed, that he has no 
fear whatever of either variety, or even both combined in one- 
instances of which combination being on record. 

Secret of His Success. 
" What is the secret of l\1r. Borden's success?" I asked of 
a writer from the Lower Provinces. 
" Thoroughness, gained by a good head and hard work. You 
may not be aware of the fact, but Mr. Borden has few equals and 
no superiors in the Dominion when it comes to intricate cases at 
the bar. Why, do you know that there was never, or at least 
seldom, to be a contested case of note, that R. L. Borden was not 
on one side or the other? Yes, and so thorough is he, that when 
he states a thing, or cites an authority, even the J udges learw
that it was not necessary to turn it up and compare the citation 
with the text; when he states a matter of evidence, they know chat 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

he has taken the pains to ascertain the abs
lute correctness of his 
"Genius has been defined to be 'the power to take infinite 
pains with little things.' To this may be largely ascribed 1\Ir. 
Borden's success." / 
" And again," he continued, "l\lr. Borden relies more upon 
his head than upon his tongue. He may not tickle the fancy of 
the idle listener by his flowery flights of pyrotechnic oratory J1at 
mean nothing, but his words stay in the minds of his hearers, and 
they believe in his sincerity. He does nothing for momentary 
effect, but always speaks for a lasting purpose. That is why 
he wins confidence, that is why people believe in him-I may be 
prejudiced in his favor, but down home it has grown to be 
habit, and we cannot help it." He said much else, but it is no 
part of my purpose to touch political matters. It is the man and 
not his political trend, the man and not his creed, that intere::;-;:s 
me. R. L. Borden, aside from trend or creed, has a personality 
greatly to be admired.* 


" The right man in the right place!" This might well be said 
of the Dominion Minister of Agriculture. From the year he took 
office (1896) to the present, his department has shown one con- 
tinued increase in all its many branches. Mr. Fisher has CO:l- 
ducted the affairs of his department as a careful, wise business 
man would conduct his private business, if one may judge from the 
marked improvement in every branch of it, as I will show fur- 
ther on. 
He was the son of Arthur Fisher, M.D., L.R.C.S., and was 
born in l\lontreal in 1850. Educated in the High School, McGill 
University, and Trinity College, Cambridge, England (B.A. 1871). 
After leaving college he devoted himself to the scientific prin- 
ciples of farming, including dairying, stock raising, fruit groN- 

* The day thil bo()k went to pre"'!'! Mr. Borden WitS def"ated in the land..lide of 
Nov. 3. 190-1. Evcn the Lib')rals them<;elves'lJ now to rcgret it, It..; he i:-; 1'-0 gcnerally 
liked and his statc!'lman!!hip recognized before party feplin
. He will doubtless be 
chm.en at It bye election. 
The Colonel ask..; at this point: "H IW 110 you spell that word 1" and I spell it 
very slowly and carefully tor him: .. ll-y-e. not ll-u-y." 

Sidney Fisher. 

17 1 

ing, &c., and to-day stands possibly without a peer in scientific 
farming on the continent. The Province of Quebec (he is from 
Brome County, in that province) very soon recognized his abili- 
ties. He founded the Provincial Fruit Growers' Association; he 
was President of the Ensilage and Stock Feeding Association of 
Montreal; Vice-President of the Provincial Dairy Association, and 
Director of the Brome Agricultural Society. 
In 1880 he entered Dominion politics, and in 1882, and again 
in 1887, was elected for Brome in the House of Commons. He 
was defeated by one vote in 1891. He took an active intere.;t 
throughout Canada, and when his party (Liberal) came into 
power in 1896, he was made Minister of Agriculture. In 1900 
he was re-elected by a large majority. 
If a Huron were asked to give l\fr. Fisher a name, that name 
would be one meaning "The-l\Ian- \\1ho- Does- Things." He h3.d 
been in office but a short time when he secured from the United 
States the removal of quarantine restrictions to the trade in 
cattle, with the result that the trade with us rose from $195,814, 
from 1890 to 1896, to $6.419,385, from 1896 to 1903. Before he 
assumed office, stock cattle were at such a low price that it did not 
pay to raise them, and calves were killed for their hides; but in 
1903 stock values had increased five fold. 
In 1897 he adopted measures that added millions of dollars 
to the farmers of Canada, in connection with refrigeration on ocean 
steamships by mechanical and chemical means, and the establish- 
ment of a far-reaching machinery for the marketing abroad of 
Canada's perishable products. In the same year (1897) he secur- 
ed the passage of a Bill for registering cheese factories and cream- 
eries, and the branding of dairy products, thus preventing mis- 
representation as to date of manufacture. 
In 1898 the" San Jose Scale" was doing great damage to 
the fruit trees of the Western States. Mr. Fisher introduced a 
Bill to protect Canada against the pest, with the result that it was 
practically kept out. This led up to a wide systematic extension 
of the scientific spraying of fruit trees and so forth, that has done. 
is doing, and will do incalculable good to the fruit-growing in- 
dustry of the Dominion. 
In 1899 he appointed a Dominion Live Stock Commissioner 
(F. "V. Hodson,) and also an Agriculturist (J. H. Grisdale,) at 
the Central Experimental Farm, and has bronght ng the live stock 
interest of Canada to a high degree of excellence. Not onlv is 
being improved, but the business has greatly increased under his 
wise supervision. The export trade has grown, and the gener:!l 
business of cattle raising greatly increa!'ed. The exports (If cattle 
grew from $6,816,000 in 1896, to $10,842,438 in 1903. In 1900 
less than $5,000 were paid for stnck cattle sent from the Eastern 
Provinces to British Columbia, while $50,000 were paid in 19<)1. 

17 2 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

11r. Fisher has worked up an active, intelligent interest in 
every branch of his department. He has established Farmers' 
Institntes in all provinces where they had not already been estab- 
lished, and given a healthy impetus to the whole; he has done 
much to improve the working of Agricultural Societies; he has 
established provincial auction sales of live stock; he has extended 
interprovincial trade in live stock; has established or extended 
provincial live stock associations, and done much toward educat- 
ing the people by means of agricultural shows; and has, through 
press and bulletins, created a desire among the farmers to know 
and follow the best in all lines of agriculture. 
He has done a great work in the interest of fruit growers, 
and if Canada is to-day one of the great fruit countries of 
world, much is due to his efforts. In 1901 he secured the pas- 
sage of the " Fruit ]\1arks' Act," which provides for an accura
inspection of fruit, and the correct marking of packages, with the 
result that Canadian fruit has taken its place at the very head of 
the list. 
In the dairying interest, he has added millions of dollars to the 
wealth of Canada. In 1890 the exports in this line were $9,7 12 ,- 
343; in 1903 they were $31.667,561. In 18 9 0 there were 1,5 6 S 
cheese factories and 170 creameries; in 1900 there were 2,39 8 
cheese factories, 629 creameries, and 554 combined cheese and 
butter factories. The exports of cheese in 1896 were $13,95 6 ,57 1 ; 
in 19 0 3 they were $24,712,943; and not only in quantity, but J1e 
quality had been greatly improyed by proper curing, which was 
brought about by 11r. Fisher. In the interest of the butter makers. 
it is unlawful to make or to sell oleomargine or other fake butter 
in Canada. 
The experiments carried on under the supervision of his d
partment are showing great results in the feeding and proper 
treatment of bacon and ham producers, and getting the best re- 
sults from poultry raising. 
Figures and not assertions count. Taking the seven ye; 
prior to 1\Ir. Fisher's entrance into office, and comparing them 
with the following seven years of his management of the affairs 
of his department, I find that in the matter of eggs, butter, cheese, 
bacon, ham and pork. the increased sales are $133,451.59 1 . or $::;2:; 
gain for each one of the 471,833 Canadian farmers. And td ma'{e 
another seven years' comparison: while the United States exports 
of cheese decreased $20,665,637, Canada's exports increased 
$4 6 ,339,618, and during that time, while the exports of butter from 
the United States increased $6,706,923, Canada's exports increas- 
ed $22,7 2 9,379. 
Not content with building up his department at home, 1\1r. 
Fisher has ever taken a lively interest in extending the trade of 
his country into all parts of the world. He has spent months at 

Charles Fitzpatrick. 


a time looking over the European field, and during the winter of 
1903 visited the Fifth 1\ ational Exhibition at Osaka, Japan, and 
already Canadian trade is largely benefitting as the result of these 
l\Ir. Fisher also has in his Department the Patents and Copy- 
rights of Canada, under the charge of that genial gentleman, 
l\1r. \V. J. Lynch. 
Apropos of copyright; l\1r. Fisher, in 1900, had an Act passed 
of great interest to both authors and publishers, as well as to the 
Imperial authors. ' 
The above are but the cullings from a great volume. \Vere 
I to present in detail what this man has accomplished, it might 
give you a better conception of the developments of Canada as, 
like the Interior Department, the Agriculture shows the rapid 
growth of the country more than any others. 
1fr. Fisher's able staff, are T. K. Doherty, Private Secretary; 
G. T. O'Halloran, Deputy Minister; Dr. F. l\Iontizambert, Public 
Health Branch; Animal Health Branch, Dr. J. G. Rutherford; 
Archivist, A. G. Doughty; Copyrights, J. B. Jackson; Statisti- 
cian, Geo. Johnson; Accountant's Office, F. C. Chittick; Agricul- 
ture and Dairying, Prof. J. W. Robertson; Exhibition Branch, 
Colonel vVm. Hutchison; others mentioned elsewhere. 


Charles' Fitzpatrick was born at Sillery, December 19 th , 1853. 
" He was born at SilIery." To you this may be only words, büt 
to those who have trod the historic grounds of this ancient village 
-a quaint suburb of dear old Quebec-it brings up pleasa
memories. The very name makes glad my heart, 
l\1r. Fitzpatrick is the son of the late John Fitzpatrick, a mem- 
ber of a family who for generations have lived in County Wat
ford, Ireland. His grandfather-also John-was a lifelong friend 
of the great Irish leader, Daniel O'Connell, and was present on 

A Famous Speech. 
the occasion when O'Connell made the famous Irish speech, 
which the London TiJnes had sent its best representative to report, 
sent him aU the way from London. It was in the hope that the 
speaker might say something treasonable, and the Ti1nes wm1Ïd 
gain fame by first reporting it. When O'Connell was ready to 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

begin, the reporter stood waiting, pencil in hand, to take down the 
words. The crowd, taking in the situation, began a demonstra- 
tion that boded ill to the man from "Lunnun," but O'Connell, 
seeing the danger, invited the reporter to come upon the stage, 
gave him a chair, even had a table brought that he might not be 
inconvenienced in his writing. 
" Are you comfortable?" asked O'Connell. 
" Yes, and many thanks for your kindness." 
" Are you ready?" 
" Yes, I'm quite ready." 
" Now, if I speak too fast, don't hesitate to tell me. I some- 
times talk rapidly when I get warmed up to my subject." 
Then, as if another thing had occurred to him, he said: " Ob, 
by the way, my friend, seeing as I have treated you fairly, I want 
you to promise me to treat me the same. I don't mind your re- 
porting what I say, but I want you to promise not to put words 
into my mouth I have not uttered. Do you promise?" 
" I do, I do; upon my honor I do!" 
" Now, follow as I begin." And turning to the vast crowd, 
the great orator commenced his speech-in Irish. 
The old grandfather, in describing this, told how O'Connell 
would turn around every few moments and ask: " Are you qmte 
comfortable? Do I speak too rapidly ? You are reporting me 
fairly?" Finally, the reporter beat a retreat, not being able to 
stand the ridiculous position in which he was placed by the gr
Irish leader. That was one of O'Connell's speeches never printed. 
l\Ir. Fitzpatrick was educated in the Quebec High School, at 
St. Anne's College, and finished at Laval University, taking his 
B.C.L. with the highest honors, winning the Governor General's 
(Lorne) medal. 
For fourteen years 1\lr. Fitzpatrick kept out of active parti- 
cipation in affairs of state, but finally, in 1890, he consented to re- 
present Quebec County in the Assembly. In 1896 he resign
and was returned for the same county to the House of Commons. 
He was appointed, that same year, Solicitor General, an office 
created in 1887, but which was not brought into force by pro- 
clamation until in 1892. And in 1902, when David Mills resigned 
as lVlinister of Justice to take a position on the Supreme Court 
Bench, he was appointed to this high place in the Dominion 
Cabinet. The portfolio of :Minister of Justice is of recent origin. 
The 'Minister is the official advisor of the Governor General, and 
legal member of His :Majesty's Privy Council for Canada. In 
short, he is Canada's legal head-with us he is the Attorney Gen- 
eral. The l\1inister of Justice is also here the Attorney General. 
From the very first Mr. Fitzpatrick was a successful lawyer, 
and rapidly rose to one of the first in his profession. He formed 
a partnership with Sir Adolphe Caron shortly after entering the 

A Famous Orator. 


bar, the firm now being Fitzpatrick, Parent, Taschereau, Roy and 
Caron, second to none in the Dominion. 
He has conducted some of the most famous cases in Canada. 
The United States employed him in the John Eno extradition 
case; the Belgian Government in the Canon-Bernard case; and 
in 1885 he was chief counsel for Louis Riel, of Rebellion fame or 
notoriety. Then, in 1892, he defended the late Hon. H. l\Iercier. 
These are but illustrations of the many cases of national and in- 
ternational note in which this illustrious lawyer has taken part. 
In 1893 he was created a Queen's Counsel, and was called to the 
Ontario bar in 1896. In 1897 he represented the Dominion Gov- 
ernment before the Privy Council in England in the Fisheri
He was married in 1879 to 1Iiss Corinne, daughter of the 
late Hon. R. E. Caron. Five children, four daughters and one 
son, have blessed the union. 
IV1r. Fitzpatrick's private secretaries are Mr. J. :l\1ullin and 
M:r. J. D. Clarke. The Deputy Minister of Justice is Mr. E. L. 
Newcombe, 11.A., LL.B., K.C., who was appointed by Sir John 
Thompson in 1893, and has held the position up to the present 

On July 5th, 1846, there was born, on a hilly farm in High- 
Ian Ii County, Ohio, near the village of Rainsford, one of th
greatest orators of his time, Joseph B. Foraker. vVhen but little 
more than a mere boy he enlisted in the 89th Ohio Volunteer In- 
fantry, and served throughout the war of the Rebellion. He went 
in as a private, became a First Lientenant, and at the close was a 
brevet Captain. Returning he attended College at Delaware, Ohio, 
and later, in 1869, graduated with honors, at Cornell Universitv, 
anù that same year was admitted to the bar, and began at onëe 
to practice law in Cincinnati, where he verv soon took a position 
at the very head of his profession. In 1870, he married :1Iiss 
Julia, the talented daughter of the Honorable H. S. Bundy, of 
Jackson County, Ohio. Their sons and daughters hold the very 
highest social position in America. 
In 1879. he was elected Judge of the Superior Court, and 
held the position until 1882 when he resigned, on account of ill 

17 6 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

In 1883, he was defeated for Governor of the State, but was 
elected for that office in 1885, and again in 1887, but in 1889 he 
was defeated. 
In 18 97, he was made a United States Senator, to which 
position he was returned, in 1903, to serve until 1909. In thi;; 
our highest branch of representative government, he has few 
equals and no superiors. 
I spoke of him as an orator-I have never heard his eanal. 
There is a fascination in his voice and manner, that holds his lis- 
tenETS spell-bound, as long as he chooses to speak, and when ole 
closes, his audience would fain cry for more. I shall never for- 
get, such a scene at Cooper Union, in N ew York City, during a 
Presidential election. The Senator had spoken for an hour anJ 
a half, and knowing that other speakers were to follow, sat down, 
amId thunders of applause. The next speaker tried to be heard, 
but the vast audience would not listen-but kept up the calls f,x 
" Foraker-Foraker!!" until he consented to continue, which he 
did, occupying the time of all th<:; others. 
The Senator was once asked the secret of oratory. "Hard 
study-hard study, and knowing what to say, Too many thin
of it wholly as a gift and wonder why they fail. There are none 
so gifted as to succeed without work and a whole lot of hard 
It will soon be Ohio's turn for the Presidency. Almost two 
whole terms will have passed with another State holding that high 
position. This to an Ohioan, seems a long time. When our turn 
comes again, I am very certain that the scene at Cooper Union, 
will be reenacted, and the same call will be heard, "Foraker! 
Foraker! ! " 


" Results" seem to be the watchword of the men who ar
guiding and directing the affairs of "The New Canada." Nor 
dces that watchword more brilliantly illumine the banner of any 
other of the "guides" than that of Sir William Mulock, the 
Postmaster General, who fonnd a very large deficit, reduced the 
postage rates by one-third, and at the end of seven years saw the 
vast deficit wiped out, and a surplus of hundreds of thousands of 
dollars coming into the treasury. 

Sir Wm. Mulock. 


Some one once asked: "Does a college education make or 
mar a man for a business career?" I forget the answer, but It 
should have been: "It's all owing to the man." Sir William IS a 
pronounced type of college man, and results show that a naturally 
brilliant intellect has not been made less capable in business by rea- 
son of an education of a very high order, but quickened rather 
than marred that intellect. 
William lVlulock was born January 19th, 1843, at Bond Head, 
Onto He was the son of Thomas H, lVlulock, of the Royal Col- 
lege of Surgeons. He was educated at N ewmarket Grammar 
School, and at the Toronto Cniversity, graduating a B.A. in 1863, 
taking the gold medal for modern languages. He was an :M.A. 
in 1871, and in 1894 received the degree of LL.D. from the To- 
ronto University, of which he has been a Senator since 1873. In 
1881 he was elected Vice-Chancellor, which office he resigned in 
1900. He founded a scholarship in mathematics in this Uni- 
Going into Dominion politics he was elected for N orth York 
in 1882, and when his party (Liberal) came into power in I 89ó, 
he was promptly made Postmaster General. The wisdom of the 
selection I have already indicated. 
In 1898, on his suggestion, an Imperial Postal Conference 
was held and on his resolution, postage was reduced to 2 cts. per 
half ounce, so that he may be called the 

Father of Cheap Postage. 
This took effect on Christmas Day of that year. One week later, 
on January 1st, 1899, owing to his efforts, a 2C. rate was made to 
the United States, and again, to him is due the fact that new
papers may now be sent into nearly every country in the world, 
as cheaply as you may send them around the corner. The im- 
mediate result of reduced postage was a greatly increased 
In June, of 1901, he was sent to Australia, as a delegate to 
represent Canada at the inauguration of the first Parliament of 
the Commonwealth. 
In 1902 he was one of the Canadian representatives at the 
Coronation of King Edward. 
That same year he was made a K.C.M.G. The high honor 
has in no way changed his cordial manner, for as that clever 
writer, H. Franklin Gadsbv said, in the Canadian Magazine, of 
December, 1903: "His bluff, hearty manner, which strang
mistake for brusquerie, his simple tastes, his characteristic lov
of soil-he has a beautiful country seat at Newmarket-are all 
summed up in his nick-name "Farmer Bill," and again, "Sir 
William is a man of the classes, if we have classes in Canada. 

17 8 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

He has gentle blood in his veins, but man of the classes as he is, 
he has always been on the side of the masses. In this respect, 
he approaches very nearly the late William Ewart Gladstone." 
Speaking of his integrity, this writer says: "Sir vVilliam 
is ever true to his promises. I t is conceded that his word once 
given is as good as his bond." From this, one must infer that 
Sir William is not a politician. 
His fairness has made him an ideal head of another depart- 
ment of Government-that of Minister of Labour. He studied 
New Zealand system-that of arbitration and conciliation-and 
has applied it to Canada in a modified form. He took our Labor 
Gazette and we find, in the Labor Gazette of Canada, a pap
suited to the conditions of this country. 
Sir vVi11iam has an able staff of assistants, who aside from 
 courteous private secretary, Mr. E. H. Laschinger, are as 
follows :- 
I. Deputy Postmaster General, R. 1\1. Coulter. 
2. Secretary, Wm. Smith. 
3, Accountant, W. J. Johnstone. 
4. Supt. lYloney Order Branch, Walter Rowan. 
5. Supt. Savings Branch, vV. H. Harrington. 
6. Controller of Postal Stores, Sidney Smith. 
7. Chief Supt. Dead Letter Office, Nlajor J. \Valsh. 
8. Supt. Postage Stamp Branch, E. P. Stanton. 
9. Supt. :Mail Service Branch, G. C. Anderson. 
10. ControIler of the Railway 1\lail Service, B. M. Arm- 
As mentioned above, Sir V\Tilliam has another department in 
his portfolios, that of Labour. Here we find our friend of fre- 
quent mention, W. L. 1\Iackenzie King, as Deputy 
Iinister and 
Editor of the Labor Gazette, with Robt. H. Coats as Associate 
Growth of the Post ORice Department. 
The Post Office Departmenf has kept pace with the growth of 
the country, as may be seen by its transactions. In 1896, these 
were, in money orders, $13,081,860; in 1903, $28,904.096, an in- 
crease of $15,822,236. In 1896, in money orders and postal notes, 
there were 242,610 transactions in the Savings Banks; in 1903, 
336,012, an increase of 93,393. It may be of interest to know that 
in 1896 there were in Canada, 9,103 post offices, and in 1903, 
10,149, an increase of 1,046. Of these, in 1896, 755 were savings 
bank offices; in 1903, 934, an increase of 179. The greatest gain 
are the money order and postal note offices. In 1896, there were 
but 1,310; in 1903,6,184, the enormous increase of 4,874 offices. 
The increase in the business done may be seen by the num- 
ber of articles carried by mail, not including newspapers. In 

Postal Savings and Postal Rates. 


18 9 6 , 177,178,136; in 1903, 312,221,740, an increase of 135,043,- 
604. These figures show the vast strides Canada has been mak- 
ing during the past few years, and yet it has just started, as the 
very air is full of a new national life. One cannot but see it on 
every hand. 
Postal Savings Banks. 
Canada has a system of postal savings banks which we have 
not. From an article in the Canadian Bankers Journal, by l\1r.. 
R. Gill, Manager of the Canadian Bank of Commerce, I am in- 
debted for much valuable data apropos of the system, but space 
will only permit of a few of the salient points. 
They were started in 1867, under Postmaster General Sir 
Alexander Campbell, K.C,M.G., but the workings of the plan 
were due to Mr. J. Cunningham Stewart and Mr. D. Matheson-- 
to the latter especially, whose computation of interest was so ad- 
mirable that it has been adopted by most of the regular savings 
banks of the country. At first no one depositor might carry a 
balance of over $1,000. It has been raised to $3,000. 
The rate of interest started at 4%. This has been lowered 
to 3%. 
In 1869 there were 213 post office banks, or banks which 
could accept deposits, and $16,653 were deposited. In 1903, 
there were 934 offices, and $12,060,825 were deposited. The 
balance due depositors, on June 30th, 1903, was $44,255,326.03. 
(I) The unit of deposit is $1.00 and interest is added once 
a year (3 0th June). 
(2) The depositor must make declaration that he has no in- 
terest in any other account than his own-this to prevent anyone 
going beyond the limit. 
(3) The postmaster marks it in the pass-book, reports it to 
Ottawa, from whence a receipt is sent the depositor. 
(4) All accounts are kept in Ottawa. 
(5) Applications for withdrawal is made direct to Ottawa, 
( 6) The depositor must send his pass-book to be balanced 
on the anniversary of the opening of his account. 

Postal Note. 
Sir William, in 1898 (August 4th), inaugurated the Postal 
Note System, a cheap and convenient form of remittance for 
small sums of money, ranging from 20 cents to $5.00, The 
system has met with public favor, as is shown by the growth of 
the transactions. From the date of inception to June 30th, 1899 
-II months-471,407 notes were issued to the value of $77[,- 
490.20, while during the fiscal year ending June 30th, 1903, the 
paid notes numbered 1,196,563, and in value $2,046.094,54. In 
August, 1903, a $10 note was added. 


OttCl'Wa, The Hub. 


Vermont, "the Ohio of the East," is remarkable for many 
rare qualities, but none of them are so prominent as are her great 
sons. Erom the very birth of Vermont as a State, and all the 
way along through the years, these gallant sons held their own jn 
war and in peace. The land of Ethan Allen has produced mo
statesmen--counting its area-than any other in the Union. 
From Vermont came our Edmunds, .J\tlorrill, Cola mer, and many 
another, whose voices have been heard in the national halls 
leaders among our greatest men. It was Vermont gave birth to 
on(' of our Presidents (Arthur), a Vice-President (Morton), dnd 
our present able Secretary of the Treasury (Shaw) first opened 
his eyes among the green hills of this noble State. N or to the pa
alone need we turn for statesmen. The subject of my sket
stands in the front rank of the great of the nation, and when in 
years to come the history of Vermont shall have been written, no 
greater name will be found accredited to that State than the name 
of Proctor. 
Redfield Proctor was born at Proctorville (named for his 
family), Windsor County, June 1st, 1831, and now resides at 
Proctor (named for him) north of and near Rutland. He was 
educated at Dartmouth College, from which he went to the A.l- 
bany Law School. The war breaking out shortly after his grad 11- 
ation, he entered the Third Regiment of V ermont Volunteers, en- 
tered as a lieutenant on the staff of ,Major-General Wm. F, Smith 
-affectionately known as " Baldy" Smith. N ext we find him a 
l\1ajor of the Fifth, and a little later, a Colonel in the Fifteenth 
Volunteer Regiment. Entering politics after the war, we find 
him in 1867-68, and again in 1888, a member of the Verm03t 
House of Representatives; a'1d in 1874 and 1875, in the State 
Senate, of which he was, during that time, President pro tern. 
From 1876 to 1878 he was Lieutenant-Governor of Vermont, and 
from 1878 to 1880, Governor of the State. 
He went as a delegate to the Republican National Convention 
in 1884, in 1888, and again in 1896. In the two latter he was 
Chairman of the delegation. 
In March, 1889, he was chosen Secretary of War in Harri- 
son's Cabinet. This position he resigned to accept the appoint- 
ment, in November, 1891, as United States Senator to succeed 
the great Geo. F. Edmunds; and on October 18th, 1892, was 
elected to fill both the unexpired and full terms. Again, he was 
elected to succeed himself, in 1898. His term as Senator ex- 
pires in 1905. Owing to the fact that when Vermont gets a goael 
man, she is wise enough to keep him in office, we may expect 
to find the Senator in Washington for many years to come. 
Senator Proctor stands well toward the front rank among oar 
American statesmen, and but for the handicap of location, wou

H on. Sir Charles Tupper J Bart. 


long since have been President. Had his ancestors chosen the 
real Ohio, it would have been so different with this great son, as 
'tis such as he whom we make Presidents down there. 
That General Benjamin Harrison was chosen in 1888, was 
much owing to ,Mr. Proctor. In the Convention, from first to 
last, he and his delegation stood solid, and Vermont was the only 
State that did so on every ballot. He not only voted, but worked 
for the General until the final vote. 
Shortly before the Cuban war, Senator Proctor went to 
Cuba to carefully investigate the real conditions that existed, and 
in his report to Congress, our country learned that which won for 
the Islanders a friendship which, in the end, gave them the long- 
sought freedom from the galling yoke of Spain. 
The Senator is the largest marble quarry owner in the world. 


It would be like writing Hamlet with Hamlet left out, to 
write of Canada with Sir Charles Tupper left out. I would give 
his many titles were it not that in writing them all would leave 
little space for the man himself, as he has more LL.D.'s, Bt.'s, 
G.C.l\1.G.'s, and, well-think of all that could possibly be given to 
one man, and it will save me telling you of them, as I do think 
that about every honor that Canada could confer has been given 
not to mention those bestowed by the mother country. 
Sir Charles was born July 2nd, 1821, at Ayles ford, Nova 
Scotia. He was the son of Rev. Charles Tupper, D.D. He was 
educated at Horton Academy, Acadia College (J\IA., D.C.L.,) 
and afterward studied medicine at Edinburgh University, from 
which he received his M.D. He long practiced his profession in 
his native province. · 
His first experience in politics was in 1855, when he became 
a member of the provincial legislature. In 1856 he was made 
Provincial Secretary. In 1858 he went to England in the interest 
of the Interco10nial Railway. In 1864 he was Premier of Nova 
He took a very leading part in the Confederation of Canada. 
and is the eldest of the four remaining" Fathers of Confedera- 
tion. " 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

He was elected to the House of Commons, and sat in the 
first Federal Parliament (1867). He represented Cumberland up 
to r884, when he was appointed High Commissioner for Canada 
to London. He was first lVlinister of Railways and Canals. 
Like his titles, his official honors were ., too numerous to men- 
tion." In r887 and r888 he was a prominent figure in \Vashing- 
ton, when he became known to us for the active part he took in 
the Fisher;es Conference held those years. In 1893 he went to 
France in the interest of Canada. 
In r895 he took great interest in the fast Atlantic steamship 
service. In 1896 he was Secretary of State in the Bowen Admin- 
istration, and on the resignation of Sir Mackenzie he became 
Premier, and formed the seventh .J\1inistry of the Dominion, and 
afterward (1896) was leader of the Opposition up to 19 00 , when 
he resigned. 
Incidents and Anecdotes. 
During all the years he was an earnest and powerful worker 
in the interests of Canada. Cnlike Sir John A. 
lacdonald, he 
was a serious worker, and seldom was given to humor. And yet. 
at times he was known to almost abandon the serious, and when 
he did he made telling points that would have done credit to Sir 
John himself. One of these occasions was at a banquet where 
speakers were limited to five minute speeches. This was a rathèr 
poor condition for a man who could readily and entertainingly 
talk for five hours, using sentences h1.rdly second in length to ::mr 
own great W m. Evarts, but he complied by saying:, " I see we are 
limited to five minutes; I must, therefore, bring into play my well- 
known powers. of condensation." 
Castell Hopkins said of Sir Charles, in writing of the part he 
took in the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway: " Opinion 
was divided in the Cabinet, and had it not been for Sir Frank 
Smith, backed up by the ever-cheerful optimism of Sir John A. 
lvlacdonald, and the sturdy determination of Sir Charles Tupper. 
it is hard to say what the result might have been. A loan was 
asked, granted and repaid inside of two years. The company 
themselves had everything in order, to proceed with and compl,
the work, and in doing so saved the railway from collapse, them- 
selves from ruin, and the country from a setback which would 
have retarded its prosperity and growth by a quarter of a cen- 
tury." This shows what judgment, backed by "sturdy deter- 
mination," may do for a country. 
lercer Adams said of him: "His connection with the 
C.P.R. is in everv one's mind. To him more than to any .)ther 
statesman in Canãda is due the success, of that great enterprise.' 
By Sir Charles very manv important measures were suggest- 
ed and carried through while he was in the Nova Scotia legisla- 
ture, measures which are even now bearing good fruit. 

They Couldn't Fool the Doctor. 

18 3 

He Looks It /" 
One day Sir John A. l\Iacdonald and he were listening to the 
speech of a new member, a 11r. Homer from British Columbia. 
Now, I\1r. Homer happened to be the ugliest man in the House. 
He was almost painfully homely, but very brilliant. Sir John 
was struck by the new member's powers of oratory, and turning 
to Sir Charles, he asked: " \Vho is that man? I must know him. 
He's a wonder I" Sir Charles straightened up, and said proudly: 
" He comes from British Columbia, but is a native of my country, 
Nova Scotia." "Well," said Sir John, with a twinkle, " he cer- 
tainly looks it I" 
It Nearly Kilt Him. 
Sir Charles at 83 is yet active, and enjoys a game of golf. 
Last summer, at Glenquaich, in the Highlands of Scotland, be 
played too strenuously and was" laid up" from the effects. Sir 
Sandford Fleming, calling to see him, said, in his genial way, "I'm 
afraid, Sir Charles, you were wearing the garb of old Gaul and 
caught cold." 
" Yes," said Tupper, serio-humorously, "and it nearly kilt 

They Couldn't Fool the Doctor. 
In 1894, while Sir Charles was High Commissioner, word 
came to him at London that some Canadian cattle which had just 
been landed at Liverpool had pneumonia. He called a cab, was 
driven to a book store, got a book on " Cattle and Their Ailments," 
and taking train, by the time he reached Liverpool had thoroughly 
mastered the subject of pneumonia. He waited for no prelimin- 
aries, but was driven direct to the stock yards, and having found 
the veterinary, asked: "What is this I hear about our Canadian 
cattle ?-where are they?" 
" 'vVhere?' I'll show them to you at once." And with much 
ado, the vet. led the way to the yards. 
" Now, point out the animals." 
"There," pointing to one that looked worn out by the long 
ocean voyage. "That is a very bad case," 
" Are you sure?" asked Tupper. 
" , Sure'? I guess I ought to know my business. It has all 
the symptoms. Never saw a worse case. That one animal is 
enough to inoculate the Island
" Kill it-kill it, and we shaH see! " 
"Yes-but-say, there is no occasion. I know that it has 
"Kill it" was Sir Charles' command. It was killed and 
right there in mud over shoe top deep the doctor held the oddest 
post mortem he had eVEr held. Reaching the organ where the 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

disease should have been, he found it absolutely healthy and 
Those who know him can well imagine the tone of voice in 
which he said: , 
":Man, you have been bribed!" 
Canadian cattle thereafter were very healthy animals as 
long as that" vet" had charge. 
This story illustraites the man. Canada's interests were 
ever his interests, and in defending them he prepared himself, 
so that no on.e knew the subject in question better than he did, 
and no man In Canada has ever been a more able defender of 
the great Dominion, or looks more to its welfare, than Sir Charles 
'I'upper, of Nova Scotia. 

was born in Lexington, Kentucky, March 28th, 1828. When at 
the age of IS, he went to the Mexican War as a volunteer. In 
February of 1847 he took part in the battle of Buena Vista, under 
General Zachary Taylor, and was highly praised for acts of 
bravery; the young Kentuckian seeming to be devoid of all fear. 
In 1850, after the war, he went to California, via the Panama 
route. He settled at San Jose, at that time the Capital of the 
State, He began at once the practice of the law, and in two years 
was elected District Attorney. This for a young man of 24 was 
a trying position, not alone from the fact that his practice of i1e.. 
sity brought him in contact with the criminal class, but his 
district, covering as it did, many counties, necessitated long rides 
on horseback, through wild and dangerous sections-but the boy 
who had so valliantly fought under Taylor, was now as fearless 
as a prosecutor. 
At 28 he became Attorney General of the State, and filled the 
position with honor. In IS70 he was elected to the Supreme 
Court, and in two years, rose to Chief Justice of that Conrt, which 
office he held for eight years-to ISSo-when he declined to serve 
again, but in IS86 he was induced to take office once more, and 
was elected Judge of the Snperior Court in San Francisco, his 
home. Twelve years he served in this position. Since that time 
he has been a member of the State Legislature and a Police Com- 
missioner for the city. 

Judge Wm. T. Wallace. 

18 5 

At 76 he has retired full of honors, no Judge, on the Pacific 
Coast, ever having ranked so high as a Jurist. He has been a 
life-long Democrat, but rarely or never has he been opposed by 
reason of his party affiiliation. 
The Judge is of sturdy Scotch origin, of the Clan Wallace, to 
which belonged the hero of "The Scottish Chiefs." His father, 
Dr. Joseph Wallace, removed from Kentucky to Ohio, settling at 
Springfield in an early day. 
He was a cousin of the poet, William Ross Wallace, (a con- 
temporary and friend of Edgar Allan Poe), who wrote the fall1- 
ous poem, " The Hand that Rocks the Cradle Moves the World." 


This famous Canadian poet was born in vVestern Ontario. 
He is of Scotch and English ancestry. His father the Rev. 
Thomas Swainton Campbell, is the only son of the late Rev. 
Thomas Campbell, M.A., of Glasgow University, of a Cadet 
family of the house of Argyll, which settled in the North of Ire- 
lVlr. Cambpell was educated at Toronto University. He is a 
prominent Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, and has done 
much toward placing it in the front rank among the great So- 
cieties of the Continent. 
He is a poet of great strength of thought. and depth of ex- 
pression. As the Athenaeum, has so well said, "The world will 
stand and listen to him some day." The Toronto Globe in speak- 
ing of him, wrote a fact, " In strength and depth scarcely match- 
ed by any of his contemporaries." \iVhile a well known Canadian 
classes him as "One of the real living poets to-day in the Eng- 
lish language." 
A noted reviewer has told so well the poet, that I will break 
my rule and quote at length his words. 
"1IIr. W. Wilfrid Campbell is ranked as the foremost Cana- 
dian poet and one of the leading writers of verse on the American 
continent. He has made his reputation as a poet during the last 
decade, by frequent and notable contributions to many leading 
American and British periodicals, including, The Atlantic 
1fonthly, The Century, Harper's, Scribners, Cosmopolitan, Out- 
look, The Spectator and Literature. 
" 1IIuch of his verse, which has been lately collected in a vol- 
ume, "Beyond the Hills of Dream" (published by Houghton, 
1IIifflin & Co., Boston), has shown him to be, as the Toronto 
Globe has said, "in strength and depth scarcely matched by any 
of his contemporaries on this side of the water." He has written 
several blank verse tragedies, one of which, "l\10rdred," while 
published several years prior to l\1r. Stephen }-Jhillips' "Paolo 
and Francesca," challenges comparison with that much-praised 
" \Ve have no room in this short, sketch to deal with the body 
of l\1r. Campbell's work. Largely dramatic and human, it con- 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

But he has taught us by this splendid deed, 
That under all the brutish mask of life, 
And dulled intention of ignoble ends, 
I\lan's soul is not all sordid;, that behind 
This tragedy of ills and hates that seem, 
There lurks a godlike impulse in the world, 
And men are greater than they idly dream. 

G. M. FAIRCHILD, JR., Poet, Author, Artist, 
Was born in the city of Quebec in 1854. At the age of eighteen, 
he <::ngaged in commercial pursuits in N ew York, and when 
thirty-six years of age, he had amassed a handsome fortune, he 
retired from business and removed to Cap Rouge, near Quebec, 
to occupy himself with literature and art. His published works 
are, "Canadian Leaves," "Oritani Souvenir," .. Notes on Some 
Jesuit 1\I1ss.," "A Winter Carnival," "Rod and Canoe, Rifle and 
Snowshoe," " A Ridiculous Courting," and a considerable number 
of short stories and poems, contributed to magazines in the 
United States. He is a landscape painter of unusual ability, but 
follows this art simply as a diversion. His numerous poems have 
yet to be gathered into a volume. "Ravenscliffe," the residence 
of !\tIr. Fairchild, is one of the most picturesque places on the St. 
Lawrence. Its hospitality is unbounded, and its guests are' among 
those most distinguished in literature and art. "Ravenscliffe" 
is the ideal home of a poet, artist, author-Art seems to be in the 
very air that surrounds the home of this genial man of letters. 
It was at I\fr. Fairchild's where Sir Gilbert Parker, wrote" The 
Seats of the !\tIighty." 
Among the most pleasant memories of the months I spent in 
and around dear old Quebec, in IÇ)OI, are of the visits to "Raveí1s- 
cliffe." Situated as it is on the north bank and far above the 
beautiful St. Lawrence" the view for miles around is a very in- 
spiration, which added to the perfection of entertainment, leaves 
a lasting impresion upon the mind of the visitor. 
Mr. Fairchild is a lover of outdoor sports-being a skilled 
hunter of big game. He is an expert snowshoer of which win- 
ter pastime he is very fond. 
The subject of my sketch is quite as well known in the States 
as in Canada, as it was there where he formed many of his most 

The Preacher's Son. 

18 9 

lasing frienships. He has that rare faculty of making and re- 
taining íriends, and as they are always wisely chosen his list is 
a most enviable one. 
It is such men as 1\lr. Fairchild who are bringing about In- 
ternational good-fellowship, that tends all for good to both ()ur 

, D.C.L., Statistician. 

The proverbial" preacher's son" is seldom chosen for a bio- 
graphical sketch-save in the daily papers-the morning after, 
and then not always very commendably graphic. 1\1r. Johns.:m 
is a worthy exception-coming, however, as he does from Nova 
Scotia, where exception in may ways, is the rule, he may not 
be worthy of exception. Some go so far as to say that he couldn't 
help it, that to be other than worthy would not be Nova Scotian. 
One does hear so much praise of that Province, that one somehow 
gets to thinking very kindly of it. The truth is, that, like Toronto, 
I have met so many delightful people from there, that I like both 
Province and City, without ever having seen either. 
But this is not telling you of one of the greatest Statisticians 
in the world. 
George Johnson is the son of a 1\ [ethodist clergyman, an 
Englishman. His mother was of a French family, members of 
which came to England with vVilliam the Conqueror. 
1\1r. Johnson was educated at Annapolis Royal (his birth- 
place), in Chatham, l\Iiramichi, and at lVlount Allison Academy, 
Sackville, N. B., but possibly his best schooling began in 1857, 
in Halifax, when he became a wielder of the editorial scissors. 
That he did not depend upon this too much used implement is 
shown by the position he finally won along toward the top of his 
chosen profession. His first editorial was in favor of the union 
of all the separate parts of British North America. He has se<:>n 
the consumation of his desire, or nearly so-Newfoundland being 
the only portion of this great country, not in the Union of the 
Provinces-the politicians of the Island not wishing to loss ze 
job still hold out, and as usual the people for whom the politicians 
do the thinking, allow those interested to run a separate little 
government of their own. 

19 0 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

:1\1r. Johnson in 1867, became editor of the Halifax Reporter. 
He at once began the advocacy of a National Policy for Canada, 
with protection as the main principle. He continued his con- 
nection with the Reporter until 1879, with the exception of 1876, 
which year he spent in England, and on the Continent of Europe. 
He became a member of the N ova Scot
a Bar in 1877. 
In 1881 he was appointed Census Chief Commissioner of 
Nova Scotia, and that same year was also apDointed to investi- 
gate the so-called exodus from that Province. I never saw his 
report of the why of 

U The Flight of the Bluenoses," 
but judging from the high position always held by them in other 
countries, I must conclude that other countries needed them more 
than they were needed at home. I have often heard it said of a 
man: " He left his country for his country's good," this could 110t 
be said of a Nova Scotian as some other country always gets the 
U good." Be all this as it may, :Mr. Johnson himself left his 
Province for Toronto, where he joined the editorial staff of the 
Toronto lVlail, later becoming editor of the Toronto News. In 
1882, he came to Ottawa, on the opening of Parliament, as eùi- 
torial correspondent of the former paper, which position he held 
till 1886. 
His accuracy of statement was of far more use in 
another field, and he was appointed Canadian Governme;It 
Statistician, which position he has held since in the later '80S. In 
189 1 , he had charge of the Census of Canada-and that he did 
his work well, I can only judge by the silence of those critics, 
who sit round waiting for others' mistakes. 
It is possible that it was well for us that the Trent Affair 
reached only the State of " Affair," as :Mr. Johnson was at that 
time a Captain in the 6th Halifax Regiment of Infantry. 
His lectures before Colleges, Associations and Societies, have 
always attracted more than ordinary attention, as it is ever a con- 
clusion that what he has to say will be bright and to the point. 
Some of these lectures were: "Place Names," "The Modern 
Truth Hunter," "Patriotism," "Impresions of England," "The 
Story of Port Royal," " Canada's Northern Fringe," and" Place 
N ames in the Arctic Region of the Dominion." 
He has been a large contributor to the magazines, his work 
being sought! after and never returned with these two fatal words: 
" Not available," the bete noir of so many writers, 
His works written for the Government, have done a vast 
amount of good for Canada, as they reach into every part of the 
civilized world. Some of them have gone through many large 
editions. His fund of knowledge pertaining to the resources of 
other countries, especially in statistical lines. is nothing short of 

The U Burke" of Canada. 

19 1 

marvelous, and so obliging is he known to be, that often our own 
people write him for information that they could obtain in W ash- 
ington, if they had sufficient patience to wait for the necessary 
red tape to be unrolled. 
Personally he is-well, I cannot better make him known 
to you than by simply saying, The Children all love him. In 
sentence is a whole volume. 'The man who is able to accomplish 
great things and is loved by children is a man to be envied. 

HENRY J. MORGAN, LL.D., F.R.S.C., Biographer. 
If the Englishman would know" Who's Who" in England, 
there would be no question, he would simply take from his shelf 
his "Burke;" if one in any part of the world would know 
" vVho's Who" in Canada, he would refer to his" l\lorgan" with 
the same assurance as the Englishman refers to his Burke. Some 
one has said that ".1'vlorgan is the Burke of Canada." It might 
nearly as well be said that "Burke is the Morgan of England." 
Be that as it may, Canada owes much to Henry J. Morgan, for 
without doubt he has contributed far more to the world's know- 
ledge of the people of worth, in this beautiful country of able men 
and fair women than has any other writer, 
Dr. Morgan was born in Old Quebec in 1842, and received 
his education at Morrin College, of that city, under the celebrat
Dr. Edwin Hatch of Oxford. 
He entered the Public Service, when a lad, during the <ld- 
ministration of Lord Elgin, and from the position of a page work- 
ed himself up through the various grades of service, to that of 
Chief Clerk in the Department of t\1e Secretary of State. For a 
number of years he held the office of Keeper of State RecorJs, 
and was its first occupant. 
In 1873 he was called to the bar, of both Ontario and Que- 
bec. That same year he married the daughter of the late Hon. 
A. N. Richards, Q.C., Lieut.-Governor of British Columbia, and a 
brother of Sir W. B. Richards, the first Chief Justice of Canada. 
As already stated, Dr. Morgan is a prolific writer, His re- 
cord has been so varied, and his work so praiseworthy, that it 
is not easy to do justice to his merits, in so limited a space as \::an 
be given. 

19 2 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

Some of his early works have become exceedingly rare, es- 
pecially so "The Tour of the Prince of Wales "-now King 
Edward-through Canada and the United States, written when 
he was a very young man. His" Sketches of Celebrated Cana- 
dians" and his "Bibliothica Canadensis," have been quoted as 
authorities, both in and out of Canada, more frequently than any 
othèr Canadian books of their class, 
A famous writer (Mr. John Reade), speaking of his works, 
said: "As an experienced public officer, Dr. lVlorgan was admir- 
ably fitted for the preparation of such publications as 'Parlia- 
mentary Companion' and the 'Dominion Annual Register.' The 
latter has had no successor, and it is a cause of regret, for many 
reasons that it was not continued." This same writer in com- 
menting upon his " 1\ien and \Vomen of the Times" and " Types 
of Canadian Women," said: "It is enough to say that the for- 
mer has become essential, wherever knowledge of Canada and 
her people is neccessary-and that is the world over." Of the 
latter John Wanamaker. the great merchant said: "It is the most 
beautifully executed work that has ever emanated from the Cana- 
dian press," an opinion shared by many other high authorities on 
both sides of the Atlantic. 
Among his minor works is "A Summary of the Canadian 
Constitution," prepared for submission to the English House of 
Commons, by the Secretary of State for the Colonies. This work 
was attributed to another, although it is said that the "other" 
never wrote a line of it. 
Saturday Night said of him: "Dr. Morgan is more than a 
mere delver, he is a rare historical scholar, and a master of liter- 
ary expression." 
It was reasonable to expect that the son of one of \Velling- 
ton's veterans, should take an interest in matters military. 'fo 
his initiative was due the Long Service :Medal for the Canadian 
1\iilitia, and he has given the first impulse to much other patriotic 
agitation, including the founding of the "Canada First" Party 
at the time of the Union in 186 7. 
What Dr. Morgan has done for his friends, has not been con- 
fined to the work of his pen alone. Too often the man and all he 
has done for his country have been forgotten, even by his contem- 
poraries. The beautiful monument that marks the spot in Beech- 
wood Cemetery, Ottawa, where lies all that was mortal of the 
brilliant Nicholas Flood Davin, is due to the remembrance oÍ 
Henry J. Morgan, while the names of Father Dawson, P. S. 
Hamilton, G. T. Lanigan and Thomas D' Arcy 1\-1cGee, will ever 
be associated with the devotion and constancy of one, who re- 
members his friends. when many have begun to forget them. It 
is, however, to th
 credit of Canada, that Dr. Morí!an found so 
many to support hl
 pleas for honor to departed worth. 

Benjamin Suite. 


Even literary labors are sometimes recognized during the iife- 
time of a writer. Such has been the good fortune of the subject 
of this sketch, for we find the great University of Ottawa confer- 
ring upon him a well merited LL.D. His Royal Socie
y Fel- 
lowship; his honorary membership of the Royal Colonial Insti- 
tute; his medal from Pope Leo XII!., sent to him (a Protestanc), 
by the hand of the late l\Igr. Tanguay, accompanied by a blessing, 
all bespeak an appreciation of what he has done for his country. 
Very early in his career, he was made a member of the Royal 
Society of Northern Antiquaries, of which the King of Denmark 
is President. He was elected an honorary member of the New 
York Historical Society at the time George Bancroft, the ilìs- 
torian, was President of this noted organization. 
At the time that Lord Dufferin was elected an honorary 
member of the American Geographical Society, Dr. 
name was included as a corresponding member. Like honors 
have been conferred upon him by the Society of American Auth- 
ors, and the Historical Societies of Quebec, Buffalo and 1Iani- 
toba, as well as by the Society of Historical Studies of l\Iontreal. 

BEN]Al\IIN SULTE, Poet, Historian. 
Benjamin SuIte, historian, lyrical poet and essayist, is doubt- 
less the most prolific writer in Canada, and few in all America, 
have written more than he for the public. A list of his magazine 
articles and pamphlets alone take up four pages of fine type 
while his books run far beyond a score,-some of them very large 
volumes. He is regarded as an authority on the history of 
Canada. aSul te sa'ys," always closes the argument if the question 
be things pertaining to the early days of this country. His re- 
search is nothing short of marvellous. No point in history or bio- 
graphy, but he has well covered from every source. It is said that 
he has fully a quarter of a million of clippings and all classifi
No wonder he terms himself " a historical bookkeeper." 
'Many, or most writers on prosy subjects write in a prosy 
way, but ::\1r. SuIte, is never dull however dull his subject. 
Some one has well said of him: "Personallv, l\fr. SuIte is 
a charming companion. His friends laughingly declare, that he 
is full of fire; ready to laugh, ready to fight," of the last state- 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

ment, I have never seen indication, while noting as correct the 
others. To me his charm lies in his conversation-he never hes- 
itates for beautifully expressed thoughts. He has the rare 
faculty of always talking on the subjects you like best. Being 
prepared, almost equally well on every subject, you need but to 
indicate the trend of conversation, and then sit and enjoy his 
words. This is doubtless why he never writes out a lecture. His 
mind seems to be a great reservoir, so accurately compartmented 
(to coin), that he needs but to open the gate of the one required 
and there lies stored in perfect order, the accumulation of years 
of study and research. 
His Canadian ancestry runs back to 1756, when Jean Suite 
came out from France with, or to join, l\lontcalm at Quebec, 
afterward coming up the St. Lawrence to Three Rivers, where 
Benjamin was born in 1841. His father was the owner and 
captain of a schooner which plied between Quebec and Halifax. 
Like many another famous man his school teacher was the 
world, the door of the little red school house having closed f:Jf 
him when he was ten years old-another proof that a College 
education is not required, to bring out the best in a boy af good 
mind and application. He fought his way up through a clerk- 
ship in a dry goods store, to an important position in the Depaìt- 
ment of l\lilitia and Defence, in the Canadian Government. He 
has been soldier, editor, translator, as well as author and historian, 
and has excelled in all-but best of all as the writer. 
He is the President of the Royal Society of Canada, the 
most important Society in the Dominion. He has long been a 
prominent figure in this organization-no member doing more 
than he to bring it up to its present high standard. 
He is no doubt the best informed man living, on the North 
American Indian, many of our own North \Vestern State .30- 
cieties relying upon him to furnish data on the early customs 
of our red men. 
To write of :1\1r. SuIte, in the meagre space possible to give 
in a book of this nature, I must of necessity but barely touch, here 
and there, upon the life of him. who has done so much of worth 
to preserve the records of his country, and yet I would say 
enough to fasten in the minds of distant readers the name of this 
remarkable man of letters. I say " distant readers," for here in 
Canada, and in many other parts of America, SuIte is a house- 
hold word. 


1änrtraitø of iTatrottø. 

19 6 





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Pages J53-J94. 
Sir Frederick Wm. Borden. R. L. Borden. 
Hon. Sydney Fisher. 
Hun. Charles Fitzpatrick. U. S. Senator J. B. Foraker. 



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Sir Charles Tupper, 

Pages IS3-194. 
Ex-Chief Justice of California. 
\\0 111 . T. \\.a]]aceo 
elleral of C aJ1a , la, 
Sir \\'m. Mulock. 

P. S. Senator Re(lfieM Proctor. 




Reading matter was very scarce that week we went out fish- 
ing, and we had soon finished everything readable in sight, and, 
as "Z." might say: "In the wurds of Mr, Pickwick, in Huggo's 
Merchant of Venus, we cried for more-more," and the landlady 
gave us a holiday number of The Central Canadian, of Carleton 
Place. It was a veritable find. In it were the expressions of 
many of Canada's foremost men of letters and affairs, under the 
above heading. These" expressions" must have been collected 
months or mayhap years ago, as several of the familiar names Iud 
faces (it was an illustrated number, and in the" Gallery" may 
be seen the faces), are those of writers now gone from earth, 
making it all the more a valuable" find." 
They had replied to the question: "\Yhat do you consíd
the most dramatic episodes in Canadian history?" If anyone 
think that this young country has not a history, and a very drama- 
tic one at that-let him run through these" expressions," culled 
from the words of the great men who wrote them. 

The H on. Ceo. W. Ross 

thought that "the following events might be considered worthy 
of illustration-( I) The Origin of Confederation; (2) D' Arc.y 
11cGee's last speech, in April I868-made the very night of his 
assassination; (3) The Queen placing a wreath on Sir J oim 
Thompson's coffin, in Windsor Castle; (4) Laura Secord on her 
march to Beaverdam; and (5) The burning of the Parliament 
Buildings in 1849." 

20 4 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

Colonel Geo. T. Denison, 
of Toronto, thought these the most dramatic: " ( I) The landing ut 
Jacques Cartier at Quebec, the commencement of a movemeat 
which has changed the whole face of the northern half of this 
continent, and replaced the Savage with European Civilization; 
(2) The death of Wolfe, and the victory on the Plains of Abra- 
ham, which brought Canada into the British Empire; (3) Mont- 
gomery's night attack on Quebec; (4) General Brock's appeal 
to the York l\Iilitia-in 1812-to follow him anywhere, illj defence 
of the Province; (5) Brock proroguing the House of Assembly 
and proclaiming 1\lartial Law-Aug, 5th, 1812; (6) The scene 
in front of the City Hall, Toronto, on the night of Dec. 4 th , 18 37, 
when Sir Francis Bond Head, saw the citizens sworn in to up- 
hold the Queen's authority; (7) The scene in the Canadian Par- 
liament when Sir John 1\lacdonald and Hon. Geo. Brown clasped 
hands, and agreed to unite on bringing about Confederation; and 
(8) The departure of the first Canadian Contingent from Quebtc 
in 1899." 

Sir John B ourinot 
looked upon Wolfe's victory, as the most dramatic, while he gave 
prominence to " two great battles in the war of 1812-14." These 
were The Chateauguay and Lundy's Lane. 

James Bain, Jr., 
gave precedence to the death of Wolfe and 1\lontcalm, while he 
saw much of the dramatic in minor incidents, such as "Champlain's 
first sight of Lake Huron; Frontenac's reception of the Iroquois 
Chiefs; destruction of the Hurons; death of Dollard at the Long 
Sault (Carrillon) in 1660; death of 1\lontgomery; 1\lackenzi
> s 
first sight of the Pacific; Scene at defeat of Sir John A. Mac- 
donald in House of Commons; and the departure of the Can:.l- 
dian troops for South Africa." 

Prof. Goldwin Smith, 
saw most of the dramatic in: " The landing of Cartier; preaching 
of the Jesuits to the Indians; Siege of Quebec; Deaths of W oâe 
and Montcalm; Arrival of the United Empire Loyalists; holding' 
of the First Assembly by Simcoe at Niagara; founding of Tor- 
onto; Simcoe at Castle Frank; Capture of Detroit, representing 
allied Indians; Death of Brock; Burning of the Caroline; Signing 
of Confederation." 
Sir Charles Tupper 
heads his list of great events with the Confederation, but very 
close to that comes the driving of the last spike of the great trans- 
continental line of railway, by Lord Strathcona. It is worthy of 

Dramatic Episodes. 

20 5 

remark, that this spike was driven five years before the expira- 
tion of the time allowed for the completion of the road. ,. But 
there arises to my mind," writes Sir Charles, ,. a more dramatic 
incident than that, and that is that on the 30th day of Octobtr, 
1899, in the city of Quebec, was witnessed the great event of a. 
Contingent, over a thousand strong, embarking to lend their aId 
to Her ...\lajesty's Arms in South Africa," and concluding he said: 
" 1 can imagine no act that has ever transpired that was of greatf..:r 
importance to the Empire, than the action that Canada took on 
that occasion." 
Rev. Principal Grant, 
called up many events of vast importance to Canada: "( I) Car- 
tier's discovery of Quebec; (2) The founding of :l\lontreal by 
:Maisoneuve; (3) The founding of Quebec by Champlain; (4) 
Wolfe's death and the inauguration, on Dufferin Terrace, of the 
common monument to him and ::\Iontcalm; (5) The Assembling of 
the First Legislature of Upper Canada in 1791 at Niagara; (6) 
Brock and Tecumseh crossing the river to capture Detroit in 
1812; (7) The Quebec Conference (1866), at which the Consti- 
tution of the Dominion was drawn up; (8) The great Inter- 
colonial Conference held in Ottawa, at the suggestion of Sir Sand- 
ford Fleming; (9) The sailing of the first Contingent for South 

Louis Frechette, 
chooses, what, to my mind, is the greatest event of all. There 
have been many incidents of interest to, and including greate.r 
numbers, but none so dramatic, as the one he gives in these few 
words: "In my opinion the great deed of Dollard and his com- 
panions, is the most dramatic episode of Canadian history. It 
throws in the shade Leonidas and his three hundred at 
H on. J. N. Longley 
thinks the battle on the Plains of Abraham, the most drama- 
tic incident, and but little less dramatic, the forcible expulsion of 
the French from Grande Pre in 1755. "If Canada should be 
properly regarded from the date of the Union, the most dramatic 
incident was the announcement by Sir J ohn 
Iacdonald of the 
resignation of his Government on the 5th day of November, 1873." 

Rev. Dr. John Potts. 

"A dramatic incident worthy of illustration, was when in 
\Iurray, within the wallg of Quebec, and de Levis, from í:he 
French camp outside, watched for the coming of the ship, that 
would bring food and arms to either besieged or besiegers. An- 
other dramatic incident was the surrender of Detroit to Brock, on 
the 16th day of August, 1812." 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

Nicholas Flood Davin, 
thought that: " The departure of the first Contingent to fight for 
the integrity of the Empire-had every feature of a first-class 
dramatic incident. It was a great national deed, by which 
nada took her place definitely as an active force, side by siJe 
wIth England. It expressed a great and widely diffused emotion. 
It excited admiration, enthusiasm, hope, fear, anticipation of 
triumph. It was in the highest degree spectacular." 

Dr. George Stewart, 
of Quebec, speaks truly, when he says: "Canada is so rich in 
dramatic incidents, that it would be difficult to single out one as 
the most dramatic in our history. I would mention the repulse 
of Phips, before the walls of Quebec by Count Frontenac, and the 
heroic defence of her father's fort and block-house., against a band 
of Iroquois, by 1Iadeleine, the young heroine of Vercheres, as sub- 
j eds eminently.strong in dramatic episodes, and capable of spirit- 
ed treatment." 

Dr. Geo, R. Parkin and Mr. W. L. Grant. 

Dr. Parkin sent, as his contribution to the discussion, a paper 
prepared by Mr. W. L. Grant, son of the late beloveq Principal 
Grant, of Queen's University. This paper is so excellent in both 
thf; stories told, and the beautiful manner of their telling, that f 
will give it complete. 
,: A distinction must be made between a dramatic incident 
and a dramatic moment, The most dramatic moment in the 
history of Canada, was certainly when, on the 8th of Septemb
17 60 , Vaudreuil capitulated at J\:'[ontreal, and the whole of Canada 
passed into the hands of Britain. 
" Some would doubtless decide in favor of the defense of the 
Long Sault (CarriUon), when Daulac (Dollard), and his sixteen 
companions took the last sacrament, and then went forth to 
Canada's Thermopylae. Others would prefer the defense of Ver- 
cheres, when a girl of fourteen, with a garrison of four, of whom 
two were her younger brothers, held out for a week against a 
strong force of Indians, and then with girlish grace, handed over 
her charge to the young officer who came with relief from 1\10n- 
"But perhaps the palm must be awarded to 1\:'[adame la 
Tonr's defense of her husband's fort against his rival Charnisay. 
So fierce was the resistance, such the spirit which this heroic 
woman inspired in her scanty garrison, that Charnisay was fain 
to come to terms. 'Then (from Roberts' history of Canada, datc 
16 45), came the act which has brought Charnisay's name dO\\'ll 

Dramatic Episodes. 

20 7 

in a blaze of infamy. His end once gained and the fort in his 
hands he mocked the woman whom he could not conquer in fair 
fight, and tore up the capitulation before her face The brave 
garrison he took man by man and hung them in the open yard of 
the fort; while their mistress, sinking with horror, was held to 
watch their struggles, with a halter about her neck. Charnisay 
carried her to Port Royal; and there, within three weeks of the 
ruin of her husband, the destruction of her home, the butchery 
of her loved and loyal followers, the heroine of Acadie died of a 
broken heart.' 
" Nothing in history can exceed the power of this story. It is 
more dramatic than that of :11adeleine, because more pathetic; 
more moving than that of Daulac (Dollard, because over it is cast 
the tender grace of a woman's love, the pitiful tradgedy of a wo- 
man's despair. Daulac at laast fell fighting, with his clubbed mus- 
ket in his grasp, and in his heart the consciousness of duty done, of 
honor redeemed, and of his country rescued; 1\Iadeleine surviv
to be petted and perhaps spoiled by adoring parents; but lVladame 
la Tour died, her life a failure, her heart broken by defeat and 
shame; yet her story is perhaps more glorious, and is certainly 
more dramatic, than that of the heroine of Vercheres or the 
1Iartyrs of the Long Sault." 
His Grace Archbishop Longevin. 
The Secretary of His Grace Archbishop Langevin, of St. 
Boniface, vVinnipeg, wrote: "In reply to the inquiry, I am 
authorized to say that in His Grace's opinion, the most dramatic 
incident in the history of Canada, is the almost simultaneous 
death, on September 13th-14th, 1759, of Wolfe and l'vlontcalm, 
because of the chivalric character of both Generals, and of :..Í1e 
momentous issue involved in that battle." 







Sir Sandford Fleming. 
Later.-One day, long after reading the foregoing, I asked 
the question of Sir Sandford Fleming: "\Vhat incident do JOU 
consider of the greatest import to Canada?" 
"The most important event, to my mind; the one that has 
been more to Canada, than any other, is the arrival of the Un;ted 
Empire Loyalists in the several parts of the country, where they 
first sett]ed. There have been other incidents more dramatic, uut 
none so far reaching for good. Since the date of their arri val 
their spirit has had an uplifting influence at every stage in 
history. It now permeates every class in all sections of the Dom- 
inion and will be felt as long as time shall last. 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

" These men were of the very cream of the country they left 
behind them , 
" In looking over the list you have shown me; a list, by the 
way, in which I find some of the great men of our country, it is 
nott-worthy the large number of them from the Lower Provinces, 
and especially so from Nova Scotia-almost one half of the num- 
ber. And again the greater number of them are men, in whose 
veins runs the blood of United Empire Loyalists." 

Doctor George Johnson. 
To be certain just what was the most dramatic incident of 
Canadian history, I asked Doctor George Johnson. \Vithout a 
moment's hesitation, he replied, as though he had expected my 
coming: .. The most spectacular event in our country's history, 
was the appearance of General Wolfe before the Gibralter of 
Canada, with 20 ships of the line 1 10 frigates, 18 smaller vessds 
and many transports and store ships, with 18,000 men, for the 
Siege of Quebec, culminating in the deaths of Generals \V olfe and 
Montcalm. Nothing more spectacular ever occurred in the 
world's history. It was not only dramatic, but the result changed, 
for all time, the political features of half a continent." 

Rev. Doctor W. T. Herridge. 
For much in a few words is this, from the great Presbyterian 
minister, Rev. Dr. W. T. Herridge, of this city: 
" In the drama of sentiment, the most dramatic event in 
history of Canada, is the federation of the several Provinces into 
one great Dominion." 

Rev. Doctor Ceo. F. Salton. 
When the Rev. Dr. Geo. F . Salton, of Dominion :l\1ethodist 
Church, of Ottawa, was asked the question, he unhesitatingly 
gave this answer: 
"In a country so full of the dramatic, so replete with the spec- 
tacular, so abounding in episodes worthy a place in history, it 
would be difficult to select one that stands out and above all, were 
it not for the fact, that Wolfe, on the Plains of Abraham, gave 
to the world a page, which stands, and must forever stand alone. 
In itself it was dramatic; in its results it was far reaching. Dra- 
matic in that on the very moment when \Volfe heard the glad cry 
of victory, he learned how true were the words of his favorite 
verse, 'The paths of glory lead but to the grave.' Dramatic aud 
far reaching in results, in that both Wolfe, the beseigcr, and 1\lont- 
calm, the beseiged, fell in the battle that changed the conditions 
of the American Continent." 

Dramatic Episodes. 

20 9 

Benjmnin S1tlte J F.R.S.C. 
"There are two ways to look at the question," said Mr. 
Benjamin SuIte, the famous Canadian historian. "The incident 
which had the furthest reaching influence in the history of 
Canada, was in 1775, when .Montgomery was repulsed at Ouebec. 
It was the turning point-had he won at that time the whole 
American Continent would have been under one flag. 
"Looking at the dramatic side of the question, I can think 
of no incident more dramatic, than this. In 1687, the 
Governor, being unable to cope with the Indians in war 
-called together at Kingston 80 or 90 of their Chiefs, to 
hold a peace conference. The Chiefs came as honorable men to 
meet an honorable enemy, who instead of treating with them, 
took them all prisoners and sent them to France, where they were 
thrown into the galleys as slaves taken in honorable warfare. In- 
deed, the Governor, gave the King to understand that they 
had been captured in fair battle, and thus gained the temporary 
praise of his King and country... 
"Later, Frontenac learning the truth, did all he could to re- 
pair the wrong, but it was too late, for all but a very few, possibly 
less than ten, had died as slaves. This to me was the most dra- 
matic-the most tragic-the most infamous. 
" From no other one cause did the French suffer so much as 
from this act of Denonville. It brought on a most disastrous war, 
which lasted for nearly 14 years, causing untold suffering among 
the inhabitants." 
l\fr. SuIte in speaking of the Iroquois-they it were wh,) 
waged the war-said: "Even in that day this tribe was half 
civilized, and had America not been discovered until now, the 
'Columbus' would have found a people rivaling the Greeks in 
their most enlightened age." 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

There is an unpretentious stone building down on Sussex 
Street, a few doors north of Rideau. It was once the :Military 
Barracks, built very long ago. When compared to the great gov- 
ernment buildings to be seen in other parts of the city, it seems 
insignificant, and you might pass it unnoticed, but from this busy 
hive go out a small army of workers, into every nook and corner 
of this vast Dominion, and gather in more of that which will 
build up-is building up, is making known-the marvellous r-e- 
sources of Canada, than any other of the many departments. 
"Build up?" I should have said rather" discover," for that is 
what this army of the Hon. Clifford Sifton, 1iinister of the In- 
terior, is doing. I can better tell you of this work by asking you 
to visit with us this old l\Iuseum-and as we stroll through, -calk 
about it. 
l\Iuseums to me have but little interest; I cannot say that" All 
bones look alike to me," but the lVIuseum, with its fossils of ages 
gone by, lying in rows of cases, or strung on wires, appeals so 
little, that I was in Ottawa several months before I even stepped 
inside the Geological 1iuseum, and then only by chance, when, to 
my great surprise, I saw that I had missed the greatest attractbn 
of the city, and at once contracted the l\Iuseum habit, and if ever 
you come to Ottawa, don't fail to visit it. Here you will see very 
few bones and shells. Canada is not a land of fossils, but so much 
of the rare and beautiful, that I found more real pleasure than I 
could have found in a gallery of art. 
As each department would and does require many books to 
tell of the work done, I cannot but glance at the whole in so short 
a space, and that glance a very quick one, if glance could be other 
than quicll. Pick up a book at random. Let's see: " Summal-Y 
Report of the Geological Survey Department (detailed report 
later), by Robert Bell, Acting Deputy-Head and Director," a b01k 
of 26 9 pages, with ten colored maps, This is but one. To show 
the work done, I would not be wrong if I said that it took S,ooo 
pages just to tell of it-S,ooo pages boiled down from possibly 
10,000 pages of field notes, so you may know the vastness of it all. 
Survey parties go into all parts of the Dominion, throughout the 
summer; they examine section after section, the soil, the minerals, 
the forests, the elevations, grasses, flowers, birds, animals. In 
short, there is a department for everything, and in this l\luseum 
may be found classified, each in its own section. Have in mind 
any county in any of the provinces, and you will find the resources 
of that county, in minerals, vegetable growth, birds, animals-all 
-each clas3ified, so that if you are wanting to know if there is 
gold or other valuable minerals in any locality, find the case, for 
that locality, and there you will see the specimens, if there are 
minerals to be found in that county. 

Something Happened to the Boston Man. 2I I 

One soon gets the impression that one knows very little, ev 
about the most simple thing. Suppose you were asked how many 
species of moss there are in Canada. I will wager you would not 
come as near as the Colonel did, when Prof. John :Macoun, the 
world-famous botanist, asked us that question. The Colonel rf- 
membered the time he counted 17 distinct species, so he took a {un 
breath, and adding 100, said: " 117." The Professor smiled, "You 
are just 1,079 too short, I have found 1,196 species." It was the 
same with birds. "I have classified 650 species, or forms of 
birds; we have about all the birds that you have, save those in the 
Gulf section in your Southern States. Your birds come to us in 
the summer, hatch their young, and go back in the winter." 

Something Happened to the Boston ]Vlan. 
We were passing the seal case, where there were some very 
beautiful specimens. We got on the subject of the Canadians ta.k- 
ing seals in the sea. There was a Boston man standing by, who 
spoke up and said: " Professor, you have no right to our seals, 
we own those islands where they breed, and in your peleagic ,ie- 
struction, you take our property." I could see the Professor's 
eyes twinkle, and I knew that something ,\Tas going to happen to 
that Boston man; I didn't know just what was going to happ
but I knew that that twinkle wasn't twinkled for nothing. The 
Professor didn't reply, to my surprise, but seemed to change the 
" I beg pardon, but do you ever hunt down in your country?" 
" Oh, yes; and our hunting is good." 
" \\That do you hunt mostly?" 
" \Vell, in the autumn, our ponds and lakes are full of geese 
and ducks; oh, it is rare sport." 
" Yes, but," said the Professor, "you should not shoot those 
ducks and geese; you have no right to them." 
" And why not, pray?" asked Mr. Boston, in open-eyed sur- 
" You have no right to a single goose; they were all hatched 
up here, and we own the land." 
Say, you ought to have seen Mr. Boston. He never said an- 
other word, but walked over to see that big buffalo in the glass 
The Professor's son, J as. 1\1:., also of this department. has just 
returned from an extended exami11ation of the Peace River co In- 
try, about which he has made an extended report. 
And this leads up to Dr. Henry \mi, who has compld- 
ed the compiling of a book of nearly 200 pages (boil- 
ed down from 10,000 of field notes), with colored maps 
showing the resources of the country between Quebec and Winni- 
peg, along the proposed line of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway. 


Ottawa The Hub. 

When I see all th
 possibilities of this country, and note the 
strides now being made toward developing it, I cannot but wonder 
what it will be when the vast works projected shall have been com- 
pleted. The building of this new road to the Pacific is but a start; 
before the first train passes over its full length, a net work of cross 
lines will have been begun, and many of them completed, as feed- 
ers to the great trunk line. I once thought that the Canadians 
did not fully realize the greatness of their country, but they are 
beginning to show to the world that they are waking up to the 
fact that theirs is a land of " vast resources" (as Senator Proctor 
calls it), and those resources must be developed. 
As I started to tell you that this work of Dr. Ami's shows that 
what is now all but useless to Canada, if developed would add un- 
told millions of wealth, and furnish work and homes for millions 
of new citizens. I was greatly surprised, as you will be, to hear 
of the real Hudson Bay. I had always thought of it as a frozen 
sea; not so. 
Hudson Bay an Open Sea. 
Here is a body of water over eighteen times larger than Lake 
Superior, which never freezes over, and owing to the isothermal 
lines running here so far north, the same crops that grow in Scot- 
land are grown at Fort George, 200 miles np the east coast of the 
Bay. How I would like to tell you more of this marvellou& local- 
ity, but I have not the space; and then to think that this road to 

Winnipeg the Conting Babylon of the North 
Winnipeg-that coming Babylon of the North-is but the little 
pathway leading up to the mighty railway on to the Pacific, open- 
ing up a country of such marvellous wealth that the most far-see- 
ing Canadian but views it as in a vague dream. 

AI arvellous Resources of the Northwest Territory. 
This little I've told vou is but a sentence in a book, of thou- 
sands of pages, and yet 'tis all I can give. I might go on and tell 
you of coal deposits so far beyond comprehension that you would 
not believe the story. I would not dare tell you that in the Crow's 
N est Basin alone, in British Columbia, there is a deposit so great 
that a million tons per year might be mined for thousands of years, 
and if I told you that the enormous wheat crop of 
lanitoba is 
raised by 3 8 ,000 farmers, while there is land enough in that one 
province for over 200,000 farmers, each with a good farm, you 
would think I had figured wrong. And 
Ianitoba is the smallest of 
all the wheat-growing provinces and territories of the west. J 
would tell you of how we go to Switzerhnd to see glaciers which 
are but miniatures compared to the Canadian Selkirks in the 
Rocky J\.Iountains, where, from the summit of the Albert Canyon, 

TVhat is Canada? 

21 3 

117 glaciers may be counted at one time. "vVhy have we "lot 
heard of all this wonderland before ?" you ask. I reply, because 
the Canadians themselves are just finding it out. Thirty years 
ago our Consul at Winnipeg, " Saskatuwan " Taylor, wrote, that 
three-fourths of the wheat lands of America was in the Canadian 
North-west, but no one up here believed the story, and it has taken 
them years to find it out, but under the able ::\Iinister of the T n- 
terior, they are now making wonderful progress. 
This one branch, the Department under Robert Bell, LL.D., 
F.R.S., Acting Deputy, with Dr. J. F. \Vhiteaves, Dr. 1\1. C. Hoff- 
man, others mentioned and 52 able assistants, is doing a work that 
will open the eyes of the world. \Vhen we think of this bemg 
but one branch of the Hon. Clifford Sifton's work. we can 1,AlÌ 
wonder at what one man can do. Besides this Department, he has 
that of Indian Affairs, deputy, ìvlr. Frank Pedley; Immigration, 
Dominion Lands and Crown Timber, under l\fr. Jas. 
\. Smart, as 


(The Author, in 1902, visited a large number of the cities in 
the States, where he asked the school children many questions 
about Canada, and told them of their great neighbor to the North.) 
" Class in Geography, stand up! What do you know about 
Canada ?" 
" \Vhat! yon don't know anything about it ? Well, just stand 
there until I tell you a few things." And I kept them on the 
floor till I told them that: 
Canada's area is 3,745,574 square miles, and had in 19 0 I. 
5,37 1 ,3 1 5 of a population. 
It has seven Provinces (which are States with us) and nine 
It has 2,397,167,292 acres of land, of which 80,483,222 acres 
are water. Great lake country is Canada. In fact, it has so ma'1Y 
lakes that in some places there is not room for them on land, and 
you find them right in the rivers. The Ottawa River, for illus- 
tration, might be described as a chain of lakes connected by wat
1\lany of the lakes of Canada are surpassingly beautiful, and 
abound with fish, making it a very paradise for the lovers of the 
rod and reel. 
C omþarative Area of Provinces. 
" Prince Edward Island is the smallest province, and has but 
2,184 square miles, not quite half the size of Connecticut; while 
British Columbia, with 37 2 ,63 0 square miles, is a little larger than 

21 4 

Ottawa J The Hub. 

Texas, Illinois and Ohio, or nearly as large as France, England, 
Scotland and Ireland. 
" Nova Scotia (21,428 square miles) is a little smaller than 
\Vest Virginia. New Brunswick (27,985 square miles) is a little 
less than l\Iaine. :Manitoba (73,732 square miles) is a little 
larger than Ohio and the Indian Territory. Ontario (260,862 
square miles) is a
 large as all that part of our country from the 
Illinois line of the l\1ississippi to the Atlantic Ocean, including 
Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and 
all the New England States, except New Hampshire and Maine. 
, What! Don't believe it? \Vell, count for yourselves.' 
"Quebec (351,000 square miles) is a little larger than all of 
these States, with Kentucky, West Virginia and l\1aryland thrown 
in for good measure. 
"Now, class, you will get some notion of what Canada is 
when you count up and find that the Provinces I have been telling 
you about, only take up a little more than 1,100,000 square miles 
of Canada, leaving over 2,600,000 square miles for the Territories, 
and many of these Territories are so rich in soil and mineral wealth 
that befóre many years they must become populous Provinces." 

"Children, you would be surprised to see the great rivers 
they have up there. How many in the class know how many 
rivers in Canada are navigable?" 
" One!" says the boy with the freckles, 
" Class, is that right?" I ask. 
" Yes," they all say, proud to know one question. 
" \Vhat river is it?" I continue. 
" The St. Lawrence!" in loud chorus. 
" You're all wrong. It has a large number of navigable 
streams. It has one river which you hardly know in name, away 
up north, where a steamboat runs more miles than you could iUl1 
on the l\lississippi River, not counting the IVlissouri as part of ,:he 
l\lississippi. It is the great :Mackenzie River, which flows from 
Athabaska Territory to the Arctic Ocean. Besides this, there ë 
very many others navigable for hundreds of miles. Canada is 
full of great rivers that you can hardly find on the poor maps your 
teachers make you study. Take, for instance, Lake St. ] ohn, in 
the Province of Quebec, until recently only a spot on the map- 
and even yet not noticed in some geographies-well, there are a 
number of large rivers running into this Lake St. John, which, if 
placed end to end, would reach one-third of the way across the 
continent. This one fact will show you how little is known of this 
great country." 

Rube talks to Principal and Teachers about Things Canadian. 215 


" How many railro2.ds are in Canada?" 
" Two I" from the little girl who said she once visited Canada. 
" What are they?" I asked. 
" The Canadian Pacific and the Quebec and Lake St. John." 
(This answer was really given, and I knew where she had 
been. ) 
" Now, listen; Canada has a large number of railroads, or as 
the Canadians call them, railways. Nearly 20,000 miles of them, 
and are just now getting ready to build a great many more thou- 
sands of miles. You see, their country is developing so fast that 
they are compelled to build them; why, inside of ten years our 
great neighbors will have 50,000 miles of railways. They will 
have to have them to keep pace with the progress of the country." 

" How many cities has Canada?" 
"Three," from another travelled one. 
"What are they?" I just wanted to know where she had 
"Quebec, Toronto and Lachine." 
I smiled as I thought of the only impression :Montreal had 
made upon the child's mind. She remembered the" Rapids." 
Then I told them of Halifax, St. John, Quebec, l\Iontreal, King- 
ston, Ottawa, Toronto, Hamilton, London, vVinnipeg, Edmonton, 
Victoria and Vancouver. "Besides these there are very many 
little cities which will soon be big ones, as they are growing very 
fast. " 
Well, I kept that class on the floor until I had practically told 
them of Canada in a way as to make them want to know a great 
deal more about it. One of the teachers asked: " vVhy does not 
Canada get out books telling us about their country?" 
" It does-thousands of them," 
" Queer, I have never seen one, except railroad folders, which 
we only look at when we want to take a trip." 
" There is one reason, and a good one it is, why the outside 
world does not know of the real Canada, with its resources of 
everything that goes to make up a land of fabulous wealth, and 
that reason is that Canada is just now waking up to the fact her- 
self. I know little of the political matters up there, but the party 
in power do seem to be doing much toward the proper development 
of the country." 
The teachers and children all said: " We will study ab)ut 
Canada," and among two hundred letters I afterwards received 
from the children, I saw plainly that they had kept their promises. 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

Rube talks to PrinciPal and Teachers about things Canadian. 
In one of the schools, the Principal and teachers became so 
interested that I had to stay and tell them many things which the 
children could not so well have understood. 
" \ Vhat proportion of the Dominion are foreigners?" asked 
the Principal. 
As I had seen 1\1:r. George Johnson before I had made my 
school tour, I readily answered. "British Colul11bia-of ihe 
Provinces-has the largest, 26% ; while Prince Edward Island has 
the smallest, 0.83%; IVlanitoba, 15.75%; Ontario, 3.07%; Quebec, 
2.5 0 %; Kew Brunswick, 2.05%; Nova Scotia, 1.37%. Then, of 
the unorganized territories, 19.13 %; and the Northwest Terri- 
tories, 30.83%. 
"\Vhat proportion become naturalized?" 
" 55.3 8 % become Canadian citizens. This per cent would ue 
much larger but for the fact that so many have come too recently 
to take out their citizen's papers. The immigration just now is 
very large-since the world is finding out that Canada has more 
sunshine than snow, as much freedom as a republic, and that mil- 
lions of acres of land of unequalled richness are only waiting-a 
free gift-for the men willing to better their condition, by occupy- 
ing and tilling these waiting acres." 

Educational Advantages of Canada. 
The Principal wanted to know: " \Vhat is Canada doing for 
education ?" 
" Everything possible." Just here I could not resist being a 
bit sarcastic. "It is not content with teaching Canada alone, it 
even teaches the children that there are other countries in the 
world besides Canada, with the result that the children know al- 
most as much of the United States as do the children of the States 
know of their own country. \\'-hy, the Province of Ontario is said 
to have the best public school system in the world. l\.1:anitoha 
pays $28.50 per family for public education, while Quebec pays 
$7. 12 per family." When I told them the salaries paid teachers 
in the Province of Quebec, they would scarce believe it possible- 
$275 minimum, $440 maximum. 

" We have heard that Canada is all 'woods.' What are the 
facts ?" 
" If by , woods' you mean forests, it is not, by any means; but 
of you mean woodland, including forests and land where are trees, 
I can give you the percentage of such lands. British Columbia 
leads with 80%; New Brunswick, 52.90%; Quebec, 51.22%; 

Ignoran;ce irt England about Canada. 


Ontario, 46.31%; Manitoba, 36.50%; Nova Scotia, 30.40%, while 
the North-west Territories have 33.64%. Of the valuable pine 
forests Ontario leads, and here the" limits" are the most valuable, 
but the way timber is being cut d0wn, it will not last many year
and in but few localities would General Roberts have any trouble 
finding manoeuvring space." 
" Is it true that Canada is becoming a great cheese exporter?" 
asked the teacher from up N ew York State. 
" Not becoming, but long since become. In 36 years (1868 
to 1903), the United States exported $307,751,085 worth of cheese, 
while in 35 years (1869 to 1903), Canada exported $319,360,000 
Proportion of Land under Culti'l/ation. 
" Is much of the land under cultivation?" asked the teacher 
who had recently left the farm. 
" Very little, so far. Here is the percentage in the seven 
Provinces. British Columbia, 0.20% ; Manitoba, 9.70% ; Ontario, 
9.4 0 %; Quebec, 3.40%; New Brunswick, 8.00%; Nova Scotia, 
9.3 0 %; Prince Edward Island, 52.00%. You will not believe that 
Manitoba, which is already producing many millions of bushels 
has less than 10% of its 41,000,000 acres under cultivation." 
I must have talked to them for an honr on Canada and its vast 
resources. They did not seem to grow tired of asking questions, 
and I was so delighted to have such attentive listeners, on a sl1b- 
jf'ct I have grown to love, that if my train had not been in such a 
hurry to leave that town, I would have gladly extended the time. 
It is ever a pleasure to me to teach teachers, and especially so 
if the subject is Canada, about which I found lamentable ignor- 


In 1829 John Mactaggart, who was with Colonel By, wrote 
two very entertaining volumes on Canada in general, and 
section in particular. John tried to start a Society for the"Pro- 
motion of Natural History." He said: "I want to show honest 
J elm Bull the extent and importance of his vast domains on Ihis 
side of the Atlantic. He shall not be kept blindfolded as he has 
been. He shall not be allowed to send water-butts to his fleets on 
the lakes, for he shall be told whether their waters are salt or 
fresh." Poor :Mactaggart, his " Society" could not have accom- 
plished its object, for General Roberts, in 1903, says that all !1e 
knows of Canada is that it is a country of vast forests, and he is 
 a loss to know if in the Dominion there is enough cleared 1and 
to manoeuvre an army. I would commend to him Racey's" Eng- 


Ottawa The Hub. 

!ishman in Canada." Such dense ignorance is hardly excusable 
In a peasant, much less in one so great in British affairs as General 
"Bobs." He could hardly have wanted to know of Canada and 
its" manoeuvring space," else he had asked General Wolseley, 
who could have told him, and could have told him, too, that he 
(Wolseley) found the Canadians" the best guides in intricate 
places I have ever met." 
The members of the British Chamber of Commerce, who 
visited Canada in 1903, no doubt carried back vast knowledge 
of this wonderful land. They were a fine body of men, wide- 
a wake, and were over here to learn of the resources of the 
Dominion. To many of them the vastness of the country was a 
revelation. It is to be hoped, however, that if they should come 
again that they will bring with them a newspaper reporter who 
will not get his rivers so badly mixed up as did the one th
brought with them on that occasion. \Vhile here the party took 
the trip down the log slide at the Chaudiere. This writer was 
along, and in graphically describing it to his home paper, said: 
" We glided off into the broad waters of the St, Lawrence" (over 
100 miles way). 
My dear people of Canada, I beg of you to be patient. Don't 
try to hurry honest John Bull, for he is doing his best to get his 
people to know your country in its true light. You see, Uncle 
John has a whole lot of schoolbook makers over there who must 
have gone to school to Gulliver, or to Baron J\.Iunchausen mayhap, 
and in their idle moments exercised their imaginative faculties 
upon Canada. The school boards have begun on these books, and 
will gradually eliminate the lVlunchausen features. I have it from 
creditable authorities that the following things will be taken from 
the school books this coming year. Of course, you can't expect 
England to remove all errors at once; it would be too great a 
shock for them to have suddenly to unlearn all they know of this 
land of sunshine and flowers. But these are the things to be cut 
out next year: 
"Haymakers frozen to death in their tents. The In- 
dians are now quite tame. There are places where hay- 
making has all to be done at night-time, because the men dare 
not face the flies during the hot days. In the summer, milk 
is delivered in solid cakes to the customers. \Vhen once the 
winter sets in, the people are frozen up till the spring." 
When we had gotten hurriedly through these English geo- 
graphy questions, I asked:- 
"Colonel, what else does that wonder-finding geography 
"Niagara Suspension Bridge has two storys," he read. 
" And neither one of them true," said 1. 

Fool Stories told of Canada. 

21 9 

" What?" 
"The storys. K ext ?" 
" Halifax has almost all the essentials of a successful harbor." 
" I'll wager, Colonel, that I can guess what it lacks." 
"What, Rube?" 
" A bay window." 
" I'm afraid, Rube, you're inclined to make light of the geo- 
graphy of Canada taught the little English children, but listen 
to this: The chief states at present are, Quebec, :l\laine and New 
Brunswick. What do you think of that?" 
"That the 'last state' of that geographer was worse than 
the first, or that he was in Rhode Island when he wrote it." 
" Why Rhode, Island?" 
" Because he must have been in a very bad state at the time. 
Next ?" 
"The Atlantic Coast is most useful at present for sevelal 
reasons. It has splendid communication inland by railways, but 
it has one great drawback. 110st of it is frozen up in winter:' 
" That's the best of the lot. He is right. The Atlantic Coast 
is most useful. I really don't see what Canada could do without 
the coast. ] ust to think, suppose Canada had no coast on that 
side at all, what would she do? I really can't think. Again, he 
is right about that great drawback. I've heard of a certain warm 
place freezing over, but never before heard of the Atlantic getting 
itself into that congealed condition. Any more, Colonel?" 
" Yes, just one more. Ottawa, though quite a small town, 
is a suitable place for the Capital of the Dominion." 
" That explains it all, Colonel. I see now; yes, I see through 
it plainly." 
" vVhat do you see?" 
" That geography was written nearly fifty years ago, and ;:he 
people over there haven't yet heard that Ottawa has grown, so 
they just let it go at that. But, Colonel, I gu
ss we have maùe 
capital enough out of those benighted geographers over there,- 
then, on the quiet-our people down home are not much better 
informed, but I'll not tell it up here." 
Facts, at first hard, are always more reliable. Here are a 
few from J\1r. H. S. Taylor, late of the London Ti1nes, now in Ot- 
tawa: "There were 2,500 people on the ship over. Of all the 
number not one knew a thing about Canada. One man, a brick- 
layer, was going to Winnipeg. He had no notion, when he land- 
ed at Quebec, how far it was to Winnipeg, and only had 60 cents 
left to carry him that long journey. Since I have been in Ottawa 
my sister has written me of the various people who have call
to have her write me to visit friends of theirs. One has a friend 
in Newark, N.]. (500 miles away) ; another at Lakeside, Man" 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

(1,5 00 miles a way) ; but the most anxious caller was one who has 
a dear friend in Redlands, California (3,000 miles away). 
" Have your brother to write and tell what kind of place is Red- 
lands, as I may go over next year 1" These are but samples. 

Fool Stories. 
Mr. J as. A. Smart, Deputy Minister of the Interior, has t.
n'ntly returned from Europe, where he had gone in the interest 
of immigration. He found that the foreigners' impressions of 
Canada were not entirely due to the ignorance of the geograph
and writers of that country, but that some of the worst stories 
were sent over by Canadian correspondents of old country news- 
papers. I t is to be hoped that the correspondents are not native 
Canadians; and again, one, cannot but think that the writers wr
in malice, for in truth I have found Canada so delightful a coun- 
try that nothing short oÍ dense ignorance or malice could cause 
a writer to speak other than well of this beautiful land, I sneak 
thus, and I am not a native. I know of no country-not even my 
own-where the chances are greater for the immigrant than right 
here in Canada. I have spent three winters here, and have foui.1d 
the weather quite to my liking. In speaking thus I have nothing 
either to lose or'to gain. I state it as a simple fact, and in justice 
to a people whose kindness have made me love their country. 
Apropos of the chances here to the immigrant. He can now 
get land for a free gift, which, inside of ten years, will be worth 
a fortune to him, and during those ten years he may live pleasant- 
ly, instead of barely existing in his own country. 
And a word to the European who may now be living under 
a monarchy. There is not a country on earth-not excepting 
Switzerland-that is freer to-day than is Canada. Many a one 
reading this may think, as lance thought, that because this coun- 
try is under a king that it is ruled by a king. It is not. Th
people make their own laws, and the King has so little to do with 
it that, save in name, Canada is independent, and receives only 
benefit by being a part of the British Empire. 


"Colonel," said I, one day when I had to take a trip out on 
one of the" Spokes," " I will leave you in town to find out thing-so 
People in other countries will want to know of the business and 
other things practicable about Ottawa." When I returned I was 
surprised at his fund of information, and at once gave him cre(lit 
for much work. The credit was not at all due him, for what do 
you think; he had gone round to the Board of Trade, saw Cecil 

The Colonel Visits the Board of Trade. 221 

Bethune, the secretary; then visited the president, John R. ReId; 
John Coates, C.E., chairman of the Industrial Committee; W. H. 
Dwyer, chairman of the Cheese and Butter Committee; and Geo. 
S. May, chairman of the Hide and Leather Committee. Yes, he 
had seen all those men, who were kind enough to furnish him with 
no end of data, and then turned the work over to me as his own; 
but I learned in time to whom credit was due. Here are facts he 
learned from Cecil Bethune about Ottawa. He starts out by say- 
ing that Ottawa is the Capital of Canada. I was delighted to 
know this, for I like Ottawa, and have always looked upon it as 
a Capital city, and am glad it is the Capital of a great country. I 
knew this fact before, but will give it for the benefit of those who 
are not aware of it. 
It had 60,689 inhabitants at the last city enumeration, but the 
town is growing so fast that this does not give one a notion of 
how many are here now, Counting the suburbs, as some other 
cities I've heard of do, Ottawa has nearer 1OO,CXX> people than 
60,689. (This last is my own comment, not Cecil's). The as- 
sessed valuation of Ottawa is $28,ooo,CXX>. 
The Chaudiere Falls power is unequalled in any city on the 
continent. Besides the Ottawa River, the Rideau Canal gives a 
water communication with an extensive area of country. Railway 
lines run out from Ottawa in nine different directions. (Hence 
"The Hub and the Spokes.") 
" Ottawa's electrical equipment is unsurpassed by any city of 
its size in the world." I've told you that all along. 
He then tells of the newspapers, colleges, schools, librari
art gallery, museum, &c., &c., which I have already given in Je- 
Mr. James W. Woods, one of the Vice-Presidents of 
Board, and himself one of the big manufacturers of the city, fur- 
nished the Colonel with a large amount of data on " The Adva:l- 
tages of Ottawa as a Manufacturing Centre," He told of 
Ottawa's geographical position as regards securing at lowest ex- 
pense the necessary raw material, and secondly, its position to the 
market for economically disposing of the product, cost of land, 
cheap power (possibly the cheapest on the continent), quantity and 
high intelligence of labor, moral qualities, insurance and taxation. 
" Ottawa enjoys the same privileges of freight rates as :1\1ont- 
real and Toronto." 
"Land values are yet so reasonable that most excellent manu- 
facturing sites may be had within less than 1,CXX> feet of the 
Custom House, Post Office and Banks." 
"There is no other city in Canada or the United States where 
such large and easily developed water powers exist in such cloie 
proximity to an important city." 


Ottawa, The Hub, 

When it is remembered that there is available 917,403 horse 
power, within a comparatively easy distance of Ottawa-of which 
power but 58,400 is so far in use--one may well wonder what ..he 
city will be when this enormous natural force shall have been har- 
nessed by the genius of men, and energized for his use. 
I have called Ottawa" The Washington of Canada" for its 
beauty. When this power is developed, it may well be called: 
" The l\Ianchester of the World." 
Again, when it is taken into account the fact that elsewhere 
the cost is $25.00 to $40.00 per horse power, while here it may be 
had at $15.00, then one can readily see the advantages that Ottawa 
has over all other cities as a manufacturing centre. 
Mr. \i\Toods told of the quantity and quality of labor. "Our 
workers are sober, intelligent and willing. Living for the labor- 
ing man is cheap, wages fair, work always to be had-a fact which 
attracts labor-and by means of the many electrical lines of cars 
running into the suburbs, the workmen may live in healthy uncon- 
gested districts, where they may live in detached houses, each with 
its own plot of ground. Thus are growing up a class of men m- 
surpassed anywhere, They are strong, healthy and happy, Iud 
freedom from strikes is an evidence of this." l\:1r. Woods spoke 
of the extent of increase in Canada's imports, in which Ottawa 
was in the van. While Canada, as a whole, increased 95 per cent, 
Ottawa, in the same period, grew to the enormous figure of 250 
per cent. Its population grew in nine years, from 1891 to 1900, 
15,7 6 4, an increase of 35 per cent. 
Ottawa has been called an exclusively lumber city, but other 
industries are now far surpassing that of lumber. The wages :.1n- 
nually paid stand thus: Lumber, $681,984; other industries, $2,- 
469,020; and while the former will hardly increase, the latter is 
growing annually to a great extent. 
Notwithstanding the fire of 1900, which swept away a large 
number of industries, these have already been rebuilt, on a much 
more extensive scale, and new ones have started up. There é'.re 
now nearly 250 distinct industries in Ottawa, and the number is 
growing each year. 
From the committee of which the president, John R. Reid, is 
chairman, we gained more knowledge about the cheese and butter 
interests, not only of Ottawa, but of Canada, than we have learned 
since we came into the country. 

Butter and Cheese 
will not make a very exciting story, but still a very strong one, to 
people who are wanting to know the cold facts about a country, 
and what it produces. I always like to see things grow, and, 
apropos of growing, just look at this fact. In 1894, there were 

Controversy of the Cities. 


shipped from J\Iontreal to the British market, 32,055 packages of 
butter; in 1902 this had grown to 539,845 packages. The dairy- 
ing industry is becoming a very large one in this district, with 
Otta wa as the centre. 
Ontario has invested $175,000,000 in it, and produces $60,000,- 
000 annually. lVI y eyes! I never before had so much respect for 
the cow. The Colonel says that General" Bobs" will even be 
more surprised than we have been, on hearing of the vast area of 
pasture lands, when, if things come to the worst, he might use 
them for" manæuvring purposes." I guess there are others who, 
like the General, think of Canada as a wood lot. This is the rea- 
son why I give you so much of the butter and cheese side of Can- 
ada, sandwiched among things not so practical. 
President Reid told us of the growth of Ottawa. Large areas 
of what are now some of the prettiest parts of the city, were, tet'} 
years ago, barren fields. This is especially true of " Sandy Hill," 
east of the canal, and south of Rideau Street, Of this section I 
told you in the "Theodore Street trip." Property has there so 
much increased in value that I would not dare give you the per 
cent, truthful as you know me to be. J\ir. Reid said much of truth 
when he said that to Boards of Trade a very great deal is due the 
progress of a city, and especially is this true when there is the har- 
mony found in the one of Ottawa, where the good of the city is 
the sole object of its being-race, party lines, and all else is for- 
gotten in this one object. And again, the City Council and the 
Board of Trade work together, hand in hand, each with the same 
aim, Ottawa's motto, " Advance." 
Another suggestion Mr. Reid makes, is pertinent to our own 
country, apropos of the late coal strike: " Arbitrate, and make an- 
other such an impossible thing." From the city to the Dominion, 
he (Mr. Reid) called our attention to the banking.interests. "Our 
chartered banks have a paid up capital of $78,727,552; rest, $5 0 ,- 
892,024. Six millions of people have $450,000,000, an increase of 
$251,000,000 in seven years; and to further show the thrift of 
Canadians, our people carried life insurance in the regular com- 
panies, at the end of 19 02 , $508,794,371." 

All this we learned of Otta wa, and wondered if any other 
Canadian city was so progressive, We wondered this aloud one 
night in the " Russell." 
" Progressive!" exclaimed the Toronto man. "Progressive I 
Why, you should see Toronto!" 
" Yes, Rube," said the Montrealer, " you should see Toronto. 
There's a town that wants everything in sightr" 
" And gets it too!" was Toronto's quick reply. Then I sat 
and listened to the two argue, It was a play! 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

" Oh, you imagine that because you have the largest Eaton,' 
House in the world that you're It," and lViontreal winked, which 
made us wonder" where's the joke?" but Toronto came up smil- 
ing with" Yes, we do imagine we're It, and better still, we know 
it." And he went right on proving all his claims. At last 1:1ont- 
real stopped anà walked away, as Toronto was telling the Colonel 
and me how that his city had more than doubled its population in 
twenty years. "And we haven't got fully started yet." I could 
not but admire his enthusiasm. 
" What's the secret of your city's great success?" I asked. 
" Secret? There's no secret about it. We don't allow it to 
be a secret. We tell it to the world, and we are proud of and loyal 
to our city, and that's the secret." Say, that Torontonian had the 
Colonel and me throwing up our hats for his town, when we had 
never been nearer that 263 miles of the place-we just could not 
help being enthused! And every Toronto man we've met since 
has been full--of his city's good points. The Colonel, who met 
the Toronto schoolmarms when in Ottawa on their visit to the 
Capital, says that they were just as enthusiastic as the boys. From 
this I might moralize, and say: " Loyal citizens would make a pro- 
gressive and successful city out of a village, whilst the continued 
apathy of the people of a Babylon would turn it into a wilderness." 

A bystander among a number who had heard the foregoing 
said to us afterwards: " Toronto told you how that his town had 
doubled in size in twenty years; why, that's nothing at all. .l\1y 
town was a village twenty years ago or thereabouts, and look at 
Winnipeg to-day-the Chicago of Canada, the coming Babylon 
of the North!" 

"They may all talk about their towns, but, Rube, listen to 
what I'm telling you. Keep your eye on Edmonton, out there in 
Alberta, if you want to see a city grow out of a village. Why, 
man, when we get the new Grand Trunk Pacific, and the half 
dozen other roads which have to come to us, these other little 
towns they've been telling you about will only be way stations. 
Weare doubling our population so fast that we don't take any 
account of it, and-" 

V ietoria. 
"Say, hold on, Edmonton; don't let your loyalty lead .Y
astray. You'll have Rube and the Colonel lost on your praInes 
along the Saskatchewan, and they will miss the train for Victoria, 
th{;; coming city of British Columbia, and that would be-" 

Controversy of the Cities. 


" Now, look here, Vic," broke in ' the gentleman from Van- 
couver,' " what's the matter with your geography anyhow ? You 
can't fool these two Yankees; they know that my town is in Briti"h 
Columbia, so don't be giving them any of your' coming city' air. 
Victoria! Why, man, your own village school children know 
better than that-" 
Peace Ri
'er Country. 
" Peace, peace, gentlemen," put in the man from up north. 
" As soon as I get a Bill through Parliament to change Macoun's 
climate, I'll show you a city as is a city-a regular wheat city." 
" Now, see here," exclaimed 

" You can't steal mv name. It would take the hot air of a 
dozen Parliaments to ráise the temperature half way up to my 
town, which, for its size, has no equal in Canada. Why, we're 
the liveliest place on the continent, and do more business in a month 
than some of your towns four times the size. And look at the 
kind of men we grow out there, look at what one of them is doing 
fot Canada. \\Thy, he's making it better known throughout the 
world than all his predecessors put together. If he keeps well he 
will make great cities out of all of our towns, and build up the 
country besides!" 
At this point 

Halifax and St. John, 
who were sitting in the corner near by, nodded to us to come over. 
" Rube," said Hal, " what were those little boys telling you?" 
" About their great cities out west," said 1. 
" I told you so," said Hal to Sinjon, then to us: " Did you oc- 
lieve it all ?" 
" Yes, and why not?" They had been so enthusiastic for 
their towns and cities that it would have been easy to believe any- 
thing they could say. 
ò, Now, let us tell you a few things. Hal, here, and I have 
cities with so many attractions that your people come over by the 
tens of thousands every year just to look at them. These new 
towns are not in the same running with us. And as for big m
we don't have to mention them to you, unless you've been asleep 
while in Ottawa-and from all accounts I don't think you ha\re. 
Why, we have to send our big ones up here yearly to keep the Gov- 
ernment in smooth running order; both parties look to 11S for 
leaders, and we have them and to spare!" 
" Right you are Sinjon," broke in 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

who had been listening to the enthusiasts of the West, and to the 
staid Bluenoses of the East. "Right you are, but Hal here is 
so selfish with his leaders, that just the other day he decided to 
keep at home one of the best of the lot. A leader, by the way, 
who is such an admirable character as a man, as well as a leader, 
that such selfishness is nothing short of shameful-Come, Hal, 
own up, why did you do it?" 
"Now see here Ham, don't rub it on too hard, I'm sorry 
enough about it already, I don't believe I thought, at the time, just 
what I was doing. In fact, to tell the truth, I did not know what 
a great man he was and how much the country needed him, else 
I'd sent him back unanimous." 
" Too late now, Hal, too late, some of the rest of us will win 
him away from you and send him up-and when the world gets 
to talking about 'the great Canadian Statesman,' don't you up 
and claim any credit, for none is due you ! You turned him 
down and being sorry don't help matters-you'll yet learn that 
a true Statesman belongs to the country and not to the party-- 
Party is only the means of his reaching the country. You're all 
right Hal-but you're too Conservative." 
" Too Liberal you mean! " langhed Sinjon, who seemed qUIte 
to enjoy Hal's discomforture at Ham's" roast." 
"Colonel," said I, when we finally got away from the en- 
thusiasts, "I do believe the Canadians could give us points on 
loyalty. Everyone is loyal to his own city, and all of them loyal 
to their country. What will be the result?" 

II A New Canada! 
The old Canada-even now-is being relegated, and a new nation, 
with more progressive notions and broader ideas, is taking the 
place of the old, and before we are aware of it, we will have a 
great rival to the north, but forever a friendly one, for both are 
as one in all that makes for good." And so ran on the Colonel, 
with almost as much enthusiasm as the men to whom we had just 
been listening. 
* * * * * * 
But to return to the Board of Trade, and the City's need. 
There are most excellent openings for the following industries:- 
Cotton miUs, shoe factories, manufactories for hats, collars and 
cuffs, shirts, gloves, neckwear, etc., and located as it is, in the 
very centre of the lumber industry, it is an ideal place for furni- 
ture factories, and again surrounded as it is with a great fruit 
and farming country, a canning establishment would pay well, as 
would also a biscuit factory. With the sober, industrious labor, 
to which Mr. Woods referred, Ottawa can offer every induce- 
ment for manufacturers to locate in and about the city. 

The Stars and Stripes. 



Is Canada's" Fourth of July." It is July 1st. It com- 
memorates the confederation of all the provinces, which occurred 
in 1867. 
It was celebrated in Ottawa (1904) by one of the finest mili- 
tary parades and reviews I have ever witnessed, and the finest 
that Ottawa had ever held. 
Owing to the fact that the militia of the fourth district of 
Canada were holding their annual encampment at Rockliffe Park, 
many thousands of citizen soldiers took part in the review, which 
was the suggestion of Alderman Fred. J ourneaux, who cannot be 
commended too highly for the great success of the day. 
The plan of the review was that of Major R. A. Helmer, and 
so well was it carried out that it was as the working of a perfect 
clock, and so beautiful, that two prominent officers from Vermont 
exclaimed: "We have never seen it excelled!" 
Besides those of the city of whom I made mention in the 
military chapter were: Colonel Hodgins, Colonel Cameron, D.S.O., 
5th Royal Scots, of l\Iontreal ; Colonel H. A. Morgan, of the 59th; 
Colonel Checkley, of the 56th Grenville regiment; Colonel T. H. 
Elliott, of the 97th, from Sault Ste. Marie. 
One pleasing feature of the review was the part taken by 
Company V., N. G., 1st Regiment, from Burlington, Vermont, 
under Captain E. B. Woodbury, Lieuts. O. H. Parker and W. E. 
Williard; and Company E. N .G., from Malone, N ew York, with 
officers: Captain Albert J. Miller, Lieuts, J. T. Huntington and 
Harold Lawrence; Lieuts.-Surgeon S. D. Williamson; Major J as. 
S. Boye, of the 4th Battalion, N.G., N.Y., and Captain Peckham, 
of the Major's staff. 
The whole was under, the guidance of the most cordially liked 
officer in Canada, Colonel W m. E. Hodgins, commander of the 
Militia of the Fourth District. 
The prettiest feature of the day-and this was conceded by 
all-was the visit of the lady contingents of Company E, from 
1-1 alone, who gave a beautiful drill, in the evening, on a raised 
platform or stage on Cartier Square, which was witnessed by pos- 
sibly 20,000 people. 
What most pleased the Colonel and mè was the beautiful way 
our soldiers were treated. It was simply charming, the kindness 
shown to them every minute of the day! And then the way 

Our Flag, the Stars and Stripes, 
was respected, and even honored, was nothing short of delight- 
ful! In all the long parade it was the only flag unfurled, while 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

on Sparks Street (the main street of Ottawa), I counted no less 
than 124 of our emblem, and in all the day there was not, among 
the tens of thousands, one - fool to cry" Pull 'em down." 
(You should hear with what 
mphasis the Colonel filled that 
blank, and I said " Amen!" ) Nor is this because these people 
love their own flag less. No, they are as loyal to the U nion Jack 
as we can possibly be to the Stars and Stripes! 
You at home, cannot imagine the shame it gives us to read 
of the discourtesy shown to the flag of these people, who seem 
not to resent the acts of some of our" half-baked" patriots (?) 
Why, the Colonel is even growing 

over it. "What?" Oh, he says I'm wrong. "No, Rube, it's 
only getting singed off by the' coals of fire' heaped on!" And I 
don't wonder, 
Now, don't say: " Ha, ha, Rube and the Colonel are forgd- 
ting their country!" Why, bless you, it's just because we love 
our country so dearly that we love these people for showing such 
kindness toward it, and are heartily ashamed of those in our coun- 
try who would make them think that their kindness was lost upon 
us. Seek out, in all our broad area, from ocean to ocean, and you 
will not find among the above brood of idiots one man who has 
ever visited with the people of Canada! Ask the boys of Bur- 
lington or 11alone of the kindness they received in OUa wa. Ask 
the-no, you need not. I was just going to say" ask the ladi
of Malone." Say, you should have seen the royal way they were 
entertained! I don't wonder that a number of them were left, 
and had to be sent home on a "special." I do believe had it been 
put to a vote that they'd all been here yet! 
I am thus emphatic in the hope that these lines may fall under 
the notice of those" stay at homes" who imagine that the sun 
rises and sets in their village boundary, and who think that to 
insult a neighbor's flag is proof positive of loyalty to their own. 
Said Captain C. M. Brownell, of the staff of Colonel Estey, 
of the First V ('rmont, and Lieut. A. N. Pickel, of the 15th Regt. 
of the United States Army, both of whom were here as visitors, 
with nothing to do but look on, " This is, our first visit to Ottawa, 
and almost our first visit to Canada, and it is all a revelation to us. 
Such courtesy, such consideration, such entertainment! Why, it 
is all so delightful that words are inexpressive when speaking of 
Ottawans !" 
I give you this to show you what other Yankees think of 
Canada's Capital and its people. 
All this kindly feeling shows that while a line political divides 
us, the hearts of the people are fast dimming all other lines, and 
making us one in sentiment and in love, and I bid God speed to 
that condition. 

Money to Burn. 



"Rube," asked the Colonel, one day, "what do you know 
about Canadian banking?" 
" Nothing," said I, " why do you ask? Are you thinking of 
going into the business?" This was one of the sort of questions 
the Colonel would never answer, so I had to continue: "I 
know banking in the abstract, and nothing in the concrete, nothing 
in the concrete." 
" I don't blame 'em." 
" Don't blame 'em. What do you mean by that?" but he only 
went on talking as though to himself. 
"No, I don't blame 'em; no, it would not be safe to let him 
into the concrete. n Then to me: "Rube, have you noticed how 
strong they build the bank vaults up here? vVhy, they seem one 
· mass of iron and concrete," and he looked for all the world like a 
man who had attempted an adamantine joke; not content with 
that, he wanted to know if I knew that the expression " l\Ioney to 
burn" started in Ottawa, but of course I had never thought of it. 
" Yes," said he, "it started in Ottawa. A man was going up 
street one day to deposit some money in the Bank of Ottawa, 
w hen a friend met him: "Where are you going?" asked the 
friend. "I'm taking this money to Burn," said the man. 
" Well," said I in blank. 
"Taking it to Burn. Money to Burn. Oh, dear, Rube, 
you're too dense for any use," and he left me right there. I do 
wonder what he meant anyhow. "Money to Burn," (I later on 
met the genial 1Ianager of the" Ottawa," and then I understood.) 
The Cölonel's question set me thinking, and usually to think 
is to act; so I looked into Canada's banking system, and was S
prised to find that the Canadian's claim of 

The Best in the World 
is true, and the mind or minds that conceived the plan should have 
monuments erected to their memory. 
In a book on everything, special subjects must needs be given 
little space, even though worthy a volume. In speaking on bank- 
ing, a sentence must serve the place of pages. The term" Banks" 
always means Chartered Banks. 
The best features of the Canadian system is that of its branch 
banks. Some of them have branches in all of the cities, and in 
very many towns. 
Advantage over our Plan. 
One branch may be located in a town where little of new en- 
terprise needing money is going forward. This branch accepts 

23 0 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

deposits, which are sent either to the parent bank or to another 
branch in the west, where money is needed for new enterprises. 
The depositors are paid interest in the one, while in the other the 
money is loaned out, thus bringing in close touch the lender and 
the borrower, without-as with us-the needy borrower, in a far 
Western or Southern State, having to pay a commission to a 
broker in the east for securing a loan, often at high interest. Th
is the very perfection of money handling. The bank always knows 
where money is needed, and the borrower has his needs supplied 
right at home. The bank runs little risk in making loans, for the 
local manager knows intimately the ability and honesty of the 
borrower. It is better for the country as a whole, as its people in 
every part are enabled to get money at reasonable interest, to carry 
on enterprises which, but for the reasonable interest, would not be 
embarked in. Beautiful system. 

Some Points of the System. 
The Treasury Board (we have a Comptroller of Currency) 
gives consent to a certain number of individuals to start a bank, 
it having first secured a charter from the Dominion Government. 
These individuals having subscribed $500,000, paid up to the f'X- 
tent of $250,000, which one-half must be temporarily deposited 
with the Treasury Department, 
The stockholders of a bank are liable for double the amount 
of their holdings, thus making it so secure that loss to depositors 
and holders of the bank's paper is all but impossible. A bank 
cannot lend money on its own stock, or on that of any other Cana- 
dian bank. In twenty years there was but one failure, and that 
one paid 99.% cents on the dollar. Charters are all renewed ev
ten years, i.e., at the even years, 1880-1890-1900. 

Fiat Money used first in Canada. 
Few know that fiat money was first used in Canada. In 168 5 
the French Intendant (Governor) could not pay the soldiers, and 
France being nearly bankrupt, he (the Intendant) cut playing 
cards into small pieces, on which he wrote a promise to pay. These 
he sealed by the seal of France, and paid them out for money. 
This kind of money was used up to 1715. The volume of this 
currency rose to $20 per capita. From 1715 to 1729, the Colony 
had no regular currency, but in the latter year the people again 
called for card money, and it was given them. Thus, we see that 
" cards" have played their part in the history of Canada. It is 
said that they are still used here, but not as legal tender. 
A year later, or in 1686, Massachusetts, following the Inten- 
dant issued fiat money, which soon became so useless that even 
to this day we refer to it, when speaking of things of little value, 

Canadian Banking. 

23 1 

as " not worth a Continental." Some people have been known to 
make that sentence an expressive word longer; so the Colonel 
says, and he knows. 
A bank in Philadelphia, in 1781, and one in New York, in 
Ij84, issued bank notes, but when Canada tried it shortly after, 
it proved a failure. They tried again in 1807-8, and again faile::}, 
but during the war of 1812, the banks issued paper notes under 
British authority. They were paid, and this gave the people con- 
fidence. N ova Scotia, then not a part of Canada, also issued 
Treasury notes in 1812. 
In 1817, the great Bank of Montreal, now one of the largest 
in wealth in the world, was created. It was the first joint stock 
bank in Canada. 
From 1817 to 1825 there were established three banks in 
Lower Canada (Quebec), one in Upper Canada, one in New 
Brunswick, and one in Nova Scotia, and are all still in existence 
but two. The Bank of Canada passed out of existence shortly 
after incorporation, and the Bank of Upper Canada failed in 1866. 
At the time of Canada's Confederation, in 1867, there were 
thirty-nine bank charters and twenty-seven banks doing business, 
In 1871 was passed the first general Bank Act of the 
Dominion. By this Act, the note holders had no greater security 
than other creditors, but in 1880 the notes became a prior lien. 
If a bank suspends, its notes bear 5% interest until it has its 
affairs in shape to pay in full. A bank may be fined from $1,000 
to $100,000 for an over issue of notes. 
A bank may not issue bills of less than $5.00, and all bills 
must be multiples of $5.00. Bills of lesser value are issued by 
the Dominion Government. (Only bills issued by the Govern- 
ment are legal tender). The Government, unlike with us, does 
not guarantee the issue of the banks, but this issue is the first .ien 
on the banks' assets. 
Each bank is obliged to redeem its notes in the commercial 
centres, thus avoiding discount for geographical reasons. 
As a matter of course, more money is needed in one part of a 
year than at other. times; when the crops are moving, for instance. 
The output of a bank fluctuates; when the demands of trade grow 
less, the notes of a bank flow back to its vaults, to be sent out as 
the needs of the country increase. Each bank redeems its own 
particular bills. With us, the moment a bill leaves the bank of 
issue it loses its identity, and only by chance will it ever ap"ain re- 
turn to its starting bank. Our national banks, when wishing to 
recover the bonds deposited as security for their notes, may do so 
with any lawful money, instead of with their own bills alone. 

Absolute Safety of a Cmwdaian Bank-note. 
To show the great security of the Canadian bank bill I was 
surprised to find that behind every dollar were assets worth '$10.19. 

23 2 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

\Vhen I saw this, I could not but think how little reason we of 
the States have for fearing to take Canadian money. Towns and 
cities along the border are now accepting it, and it will not be long 
until it will be accepted generally. 
General Banking Facility. 
There is possibly no country in the world with so good bank- 
ing facilities as Canada. There is hardly a town of 1,000 inhabi- 
tants but has a branch of one or more of the great banks. With 
us, if there be a bank in a town of that size, it is usually secured 
by local capital; while here the security is often fifty times as great, 
and seldom less than twenty times. 

Few Savings Bank
There are very few savings banks in Canada, as we know 
them, and really no need for them, as nearly everyone of the banks 
and their branches have a savings department, where interest IS 
allowed. (There is also a postal savings bank, which see under 
Post Office,) 
The "kiting" of paper is never encouraged, and not per- 
mitted when known. A borrower must give real security, and not 
the names of worthless men, as, is so often allowed by some of our 
banks. (I knew of one in New York City whose assets, when it 
failed, were made up mostly of the paper of men notorious for 
their poverty,) 
Banks here make a fuII report to the Government each month. 
Settlements at the Clearing Ifouses are made daily, in legal tenders 
or gold. The Government issues large notes for this purpose ; 
some of these notes are as large as $5,000. Forty per cent of a 
bank's cash reserve must be in Dominion legal tender. 

Other Points of Banking. 
Private individuals may do a banking business, but cannot 
issue paper currency. They must carefully avoid any name that 
would lead the ignorant to mistake their place of business as a 
chartered bank. 
Our banks cannot increase their currency without first de- 
positing bonds at Washington with the Government; here th
can increase or decrease their currency as needs of business re- 
quire, which goes far towards pre
enting a st:ingency at critic
periods. Thus, we see the CanadIan system IS far more elastic 
than ours, and has proven to be far better. 

Memo, re Bank Circulation Fund. 
The protection afforded to the holder of a Canadian bank 
note, of any bank solvent in 1890, or incorporated since, is such, 

Winter in Canada. 


that a note is, to all intents and purposes, good for all time, until 
In addition to the circulation being the first charge upon the 
assets of a bank, which means that nearly $11.00 of assets is be- 
hind each dollar in circulation, a special deposit is made with the 
Dominion Government, called the Circulation Security Fund, each 
bank being obliged to contribute 5 % of their highest average cir- 
culation to this fund, which is adjusted yearly. 
Should a bank go into liquidation, or become unable, from any 
cause, to pay its debts on demand, the liquidator must give notice 
within 60 days, of his readiness to redeem the circulation, or 
otherwise the Dominion Government may intervene, and give 
notice that the circulation will be redeemed out of this security 
fund, which at present amounts to over $3,ooo,oex:>. 
In the event of the assets of an insolvent' bank not being suffi- 
cient, when collected, to pay the amount of the circulation, the 
other banks are obliged to make good the amount pro rata to the
.circulation, so that the fund shall at all times remain at 5 % of 
total note issue. 
Before the final distribution of the assets of a bank in liquida- 
tion, the liquidator is obliged to deposit with the Dominion Gov- 
ernment an amount equal to the total amount of the notes that are 
then outstanding. This money remains with the Government for 
all time, and should the notes never be presented, the Government 
(that is, the people), get the benefit of their loss, not the share- 
holders of the bank. 
By this method, coupled with the fact that the notes bear in- 
terest at 5 % from the day of suspension of any bank, until the day 
named by proclamation for their redemption, it is contended that 
the Canadian bank note issu
 is good everywhere, and at all times, 
no matter what may be the condition of the bank itseH. In other 
words, a Canadian bank bill, even of an insolvent bank, and ac- 
cepted, passes current, or is redeemed by any chartered bank. 


H Rube," said the Colonel, one evening, "listen to this letter 
from down home: 'Don't say Canada to me! 30 degrees below 
zero here! \Vhat must it be there! I shiver to think of it! Why, 
we just can't keep the house warm! I really feel sorry for you 
two! Don't you just freeze?'" 
" Ha! ha! Colonel; it's really too bad for those people down 
home, but, say, open that window and cool off this room a bit. 
I'm too hot to talk about cold. There, that's better," and I lean
back in an easy chair, without even a coat on, as the Colonel went 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

on with the letter, telling of the severe winter and the awful cold. 
,. I used to think that way myself. Canada! Why, the very 
word sent shivers chasing each other. No matter how much I 
heard say: 'Canaùa is delightful in winter,' I set the sayer dow:1 
as a (fill it up for yourself, and make it strong), lnd 
now I wonder, Colonel, how I am to make people believe me when 
I say that the .other 'sayer' was truthful?" 
" Just tell the truth, and let it go at that. It will be hard for 
them to believe it with 300 below, as they sit shivering in houses 
so thin that the furnace must heat outside as well as indoors." 
'The Colonel was right, Houses here are built to keep out 
cold in winter, anù heat in summer-the very reverse of condi- 
tions in many parts of our country. Houses here are comfortable, 
and outside they do not have to contend with our dampness, and 
with a few days exception, the weather is comfortable. I am say- 
ing this in the coldest winter they have had for a generation. The 
winter is more than half over as I write, and there has been but 
one day when I looked out and then stayed in from choice, and 
you may readily guess the sort of day that was-one of those cold 
sleety kind, of which we have so many every winter down home. 
Few carry umbrellas to keep off snow-the men never and the 
women seldom. "We can nearly all tell a Yankee; he is either 
carrying an umbrella, or wearing ear muffs," which reminds me 
of some of the men who come up from Kew York City. They 
wear high hats, with ear muffs sewed on. This is more frequeat- 
ly seen in :l\Iontreal than here, and is very amusing to the natives, 
who go prepared for the weather in a sensible way. 
" You will feel the cold more the second winter" is what they 
told me. This is my third winter in Canada, and I like it better 
than the first or second. Canadian winter is all right! 
The famous 1\1rs. Trail, one of the most charming writers, 
who ever wrote of this beautiful 
 orthland, said this of winter, 
in her Backwoods of Canada. "Though the Canadian winter has 
its disadvantages, it has also its charms. After a day or two of 
heavy snow, the sky brightens, and the air becomes exquisitely 
clear and free from vapour; the smoke ascends in tall spiral col- 
umns till it is lost; seen against the saffron-tinted sky of an even- 
ing, or early of a clear morning, when the hoar-frost sparkles on 
the trees, the effect is singularly beautifu1." Kow there! who 
could dare grow cold after that! 

One day, the Colonel was criticising the slow mail delivery 
of Canada. "vVhy," said he, "it takes as long or longer to get 
a letter to, and answer back from l\lontreal, than tq get a letter to 
New York City and an answer back, and yet l\lontreal is but 
three hours away." 

A Million Dollar Plant. 


"That's nothing Colonel," said I, "nothing at all, in com- 
parison to our own service, why I remember once writing a letter 
to a man in Philadelphia-wrote it and mailed it in N ew York 
special delivery at that.-l'\ow Philadelphia is only two hours 
away, and yet I didn't get an answer back for six months! " 
" Well, that was certainly slow, even for Philadelphia. Oh, 
yes, by the way Rube, what ,vas in your letter? " 
"I almost forget, it's been so long ago, but I think I asked 
the man to send that ten dollars he owed me. Yes, I remember, 
now, it was for a ten he borrowed till Saturday." 
" Oh, I see!" He didn't say what he saw as he walked away, 
neither did he say any more about sending a letter, on l\londay, te 
MontreÚ and not getting a reply back until Wednesday. 


That Canada is beginning to wake up to her possibilities, is 
seen in the great manufacturing interests, that are being develop- 
ed, in every part of this vast Dominion. Once it was only the 
timber that could interest the capitalist, now he is seeking out iil- 
vestments in manufactories of all kinds; he builds the machin
that sows, tills and reaps the grain of the millions of acres, that 
are yearly coming under cultivation; he builds and equips the 
thousands of miles of railways, that are penetrating into lands, 
so recently the pastures of the buffalo; and now he is beginning 
to look beneath the surface for investment. 
Canada is full of earth wealth. In my wanderings I seldom 
return without having seen or heard of deposits of fabulous 
value. Here it is an iron mountain or a mica bed; there a gold 
mine; a vast deposit of nickel; or asbestos enough to supply 
markets of the world; and many other valuable minerals. 
lying until recently unworked, waiting for an Irvin to develop 
them. It ,vould seem that the man, and not the deposit was 
wanting. Canadians turned their attention so long to the forests 
and their products, that they passed over, unnoted, earth wealth 
that might have made of them Monte Christos. 
Just across the river from the Capital, in the quaint old town 
of Hull, has been discovered a deposit so rich in material, that 
it can only be likened unto a gold mine-and here is being erected 
a million dollar plant to develop this material, and to convert rock, 
clay and sand into a merchantable product. I refer to the 

International Portland Cement Company, 
whose great buildings' are so nearly completed. 

23 6 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

When Philemon VV right came, only the timber was of value. 
Re cut away the forests and left, seemingly useless, the rocky 
land, where now lie buried the fortunes of many yet unborn. Gen- 
erations came and went, the land growing more sterile by disuse, 
until it was looked upon as suited only for the recreation of the 
golf player. vVhen however the whilom farmer boy of Illinois. 

] oseph S. Irvin, 
came to Hull, and there saw this deposit of fabulous wealth, hr 
set about organizing a company to develop it. A careful estimate 
showed that $1,000,000 would be required to make it a profitahle 
enterprise. That amount to a :Morgan would be but the intima- 
tion of the need, but we who have tried to "float" a ., good 
thing," requiring an one hundredth part of that sum, know what 
it meant to set about raising one million dollars, but to Joseph 
S. Irvin, the word ., can't" is always written without the last 
letter, and in this instance, as in all he has ever tried to carry 
through, success was the result, the money was raised, and the 
wheels of the great plant are now almost ready to set going. This 
to him, means more than the raising of the million, and the er
tion of the great buildings. It means, that he who has done 
can do again, and capital, the chariest of fairies, will now trust 
him implicitly, and await his coming. 
:Men have made fortunes bv the turn of a wheel, and the 
wheel that produced it may lose -it again, but the fortune won by" 
dgment stays, and benefits not only the one who made it, but 
those who are wise in following the man of judgment, and here- 
after Irvin's followers will be many, for he is a man of great juJg-- 
ment and ability, and has carried to success a great enterprise. 
The man who talks has his listeners, the man who does, has 
his followers; the listeners go their way and forget, the followers 
continue to follow, knowing that he who does, for himself, in 
honest enterprise, will always do fot: those who wisely follow. 
Nor is the success Irvin's alone. J\Iuch credit is due to the 
inventive genius of the engineers, Robert D. Hasson and Arthur 
C. Tagge, who have laid out, and carried through every detail of 
the acres of machinery, necessary to complete the great works. 
and but for the Canadian Capitalists, whose money has flowed in, 
to carry through the enterprise, it had failed in accomplishment- 
but all these, under the wise direction of a master mind will 
have given to the city a plant that must bring to it great benefit. 
The location is ideal. The rock lies on one side and the day 
lies on the other. The two are brought together at the mill, 
ground, burned, mix
d and ground again ready fo
. s
by either water or raIl, as the Company pas both facIlItIes at Its 
very doors. ' 

Huffs G1'eat Future. 



Mountains of Iron L}'ing I die. 
Hull seems destined to become more than a suburb of the 
Capital. For years it has been known that almost at its very doors 
were mountains of iron, only waiting a time when it covld be 
mined and worked economically. That time seems now to have 
come. The Government Commission on the subj ect of the 
Electro-thermic manufacture of smelting iron ores, and for mak- 
ing steel have just made their report. Dr. Haanel, chairman; 
C. E. Brown, C. E., electrician; and Prof. F. \V. Harboard, all 
report favorably on the smelting of iron. and the making of 
steel, in this locality. l\Ir. Louis Simpson has also published a 
statement that electric power can be developed at $5 per horse- 
power year. 
It would seem that nature had specially designed things for 
Hull. To the north, from the Ottawa to the Gatineau and beyond, 
lies the iron ore, and at Chat's Fédls, there is flowing- to waste 
150,000 horsepower, only waiting to be harnessed and set to 
profitably slnelting the ore into ingots, and again converting 
these into steel. 
Hull has found an Irvin for its great beds of rock and clay, 
and it now remains to be seen if others so wise, can be found to 
develop an industry, which must add thot1sands to her population 
and bring millions of dollars to the fortunate developers. 


" We will soon have our innings," said the old citizen, as he 
picked up a fresh shingle to whittle. " You in the States have 
had all the manufacturing long enough. There was a time wh
machinery was driven by coal, and you had the coal. As coal is 
growing scarcer, another power must needs be called upon, alld 
we have that other power-electricity. All along the great St. 
Lawrence, for hundreds of miles to the north, are waterfalls which 
would turn the wheels of the world, and these falls are, one 
after the other, being harnessed, and before many years the hum 
of the spindle will be heard throughout Eastern Canada, while onT 
western prairies are supplying bread for onr own workingmen, 
with hundreds of millions of bushels of grain to share for other 
countries. " 
" Hold on, hold on," said I, " is this a Fourth 0' July speech !" 
"No, it's a First of July! I want you to know that you 
haven't all the July pyrotechnics. vVe are waking up to the fact 

23 8 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

that our vast resources warrant all the flights we may choose to 
take, and we are getting ready to take 'em {" 
" Hear, hear!" 

v aterfalls. 
" There is possibly no country in the world that can equal our 
waterfalls, and since electricity is the coming power, it follows 
that here must be the manufacturing, and when our people are 
fully alive to that fact, we will have the skilled workmen to ad- 
just and run the machinery." And then he said a strong thing 
that set me thinking. "PC'ssibly," he continued, " the best skilled 
people in the world for fine fabrics are the French. The Hugue- 
nots made England the manufacturing country that it is, and 
others, whose ancestors come from France, will do the same for 
Canada. Your eastern mills have for a long while been absorb- 
ing and training our French population, and when we need them, 
they will return to us, as the children of Israel returned to Pales- 
tinê, bringing with them the knowledge gained in Egypt." 

The Telephone is Canadian. 
In' speaking of electricity, he told me things I had not known. 
" The telephone," said he, "is our invention." 
" What!" I exclaimed, "can that be true ? Was Graham 
Bell a Canadian ?" 
" By adoption, yes. He came here from Scotland in 1870. 
He came to Brantford-' The Telephone City'-Brantford, Ont. 
Re invented the telephone in 1874, and in 1876 was speech first 
sent through a telegraph wire, and in 1871, in Hamilton, Ont., 
was the telephone first put to commercial use. 

Electric Cars. 
Then, as to use of electricity for street cars. While it was 
first made available in Richmond, Virginia, Canada soon took it 
up, and here in Ottawa, Ahearn & Soper, the Edisons of Canada, 
were first to prove it possible to run cars in winter by means oí 
it. From this he branched of to the 

and I found he was a very mine of information on that line. 
"From fortv miles-Baltimore to \Vashington-in 1844, it 
has grown into a-land line of 1,025,700 miles, with 3,979.500 miles 
of wire, with 1,764 separate cable lines of 204,527 nautical miles 
of wire. All these have cost $500,000,000 for land lines, and 
$35 0 ,000,000 for cables." He even knew the number of telegrams 
sent per day (1,300,000), and also the cablegrams (36,000). 'fo 
you this may not be of interest, but to me it was most absorbing. 

State Ownership of the Telegraph. 


" Do you know," he asked, " that the United States and Can- 
ada are the only countries in the world where the telegraph is not 
Government owned?" 
., I certainly do not," I replied. 
" Yes, the only two, and such great men as Sir Sandford 
Fleming 'the Father of the Pacific Cable,' are advocating state 
ownership in Canada, leaving your country the only one whose 
people must continue 1 to pay from double to several times as much 
for their telegrams as they would have to pay if the lines were 
run by the Government." 
"vVhat would be the real advantage of State ownership?" 
I asked. 
"Let Sir Sandford Fleming answer that question. Here is 
a little part of what he has said on the subject." And at that he 
handed me a pamphlet, in which I found " Some of the Reasons 
Why" :- 
" I. In order that they may be wholly removed from the con- 
trol of companies, whose chief object is to make profits by main- 
taining as high rates as possible on messages." 
"2. In order that the cost of telegraphing may be reduced 
to a minimum." 
There were many other reasons given, but these were the 
main ones. 
" Yes," said I, "but how do we know that messages would 
be cheaper? Could the Government run the telegraphs as 
cheaply as a company?" I saw by the smile on the old citizen's 
face that I had asked a very foolish question. 
"I don't believe you meant to ask that," was his kind com- 
ment. "It is not so much whether the Government could run 
them as cheaply as a company, but the cost to the people is the 
question, and as to that I refer you to the mail carrying of the 
Dominion. I hardly need argue so plain a question. Its bene- 
fits are many, not only to the people, but to the operators, far more 
of whom would be required, and those receiving good salaries as 
managers would continue as managers. The only ones who 
might in any event lose by such a change would be the post-office- 
hunting-politician, as by this change the postmaster would have to 
be an expert telegrapher, and the above variety of politician, not 
being expert in anything-but that of office hunting-might pos- 
sibly have to give up and go to work for his living." By this time 
the old citizen had finished his shingle, but it had held out long 
enough for me to gather many " shavings" of real worth. 

24 0 

Ottau.ra, The Hub. 


It is said, that until within a few years Canada was slow to 
take up the new-being content with the old conservative ways 
of doing things. A visit to one of their exhibitions, will readily 
convince one that all this has been changed, that if there is a bet- 
ter way, they want that way, and readily adopt it. 
One day in l\Iontreal, I sa,," a new kind of paper. 
"Dixon," said I, "what's this?" 
" That" said he, "is the 

English F eather'weight, 
which has recently come over, and the Canada Paper Company, 
of this city, will be making it in a very short time." 
" If they hurry it up, I shall use it on my next." And here 
it is as an illustration and proof of my assertion, that Canada 
is quick to take up the new, when the new is better, and in this 
instance there is no question. 
" Rube, are they all so quick as the C. P. C.? If they were 
they'd all have it! " 
" I haven't thought 0' that, Colone1." 
" You're like a good many Rube, you pick out the best and 
give it as an illustr3.tion. But on the whole you are right, pro- 
gress is the order of the day up here." 


The Carnegie Library is being built oil l\.Ietcalfe, corner of. 
l\1aria. I went around to get the dimensions one evening. It 
was very muddy about the building. All the men were gone 
save one: "Can you give me the dimensions of this?" I called 
across. " Yes, come over!" I" come over" through the mud. 
" How large is it? " 
"It runs from there to there! " pointing. 
" I know that-but how many feet long and wide? " 
"Oh, I don't know-but I think the architect does," and he 
It fronts on l\1etcalfe IIS-4 feet, and on l\laria Strçet 
9 0 -4 feet and 60 feet high. It is French Renaissance in sty1
and of light stone and brick. Besides the large library room, 
there are Committee and Reading Rooms. Mr. Carnegie has 
donated $100,000 for the building. 

Carnegie Library. 


The Architect is Mr. E. L. Horwood, who, although but a 
young man, already stands at the very top in old Colonial Archi- 
tecture,. and yet his many public and business buildings show him 
to be most versatil(' in his styles, as may be seen in The Sun Life, 
the Gilmour Hotel, the new St. George's Society Building, the 
St. Luke's Hospital, the Citizen and Cory blocks, and many 
others. He is the Official Architect for the Victorian Order of 
l\Ir. Carnegie has figurt'd so extensively in Canada, of recènt 
years, that I have made considerable inquiry among the people 
to learn their impressions of him, and his benefactions. Here as 
in our own country, the enormous sums with which he deals is 
too far beyond the ordinary mind. It is easy to say" a million 
dollars," and some few can conceive what it means, but most of 
us have had so little to do with the thing, except in dreams, that 
we do not really grasp the amount, fully-however " grasping" 
a nat!.1re we may have, or however hard we may try. If ,( a 
million dollars " is inconceivable, no wonder we fall down in the 
presence of "one hundred millions! "-the amount said to have 
been given away by this Croesus, who seems but to have started 
in on his work of giving. .\nd yd, nearly everybody, I intervi<-
ed showed me how much better they could have handled the 
money, than has :Mr. Carnegie himself. One man, especially, 
who took out his pencil and an old envelope, and showed me in 
plain figures, the mistake the great philanthropist was making. 
He was so entertaining in his criticism, that I shall never ask him 
for the quarter he borrowed at noon to get his breakfast. He may 
however return it. He even promised it-" to-morrow." But 
as I was saying, they all had plans of their own-so many in fact 
that I was bewildered by the number, and doubted my ability to 
appreciate them all. Some one has said, that" when in doubt 
play"-no, I mean" when in doubt ask George Johnson," for up 
here the impression is general, that the Doctor is authority on 
everything. I asked him, " Doctor" said I, "do you approve of 
the way J\Ir. Carnegie is squ:mdcring his money? Have you any 
suggestion as to how he should spend it?" 
" Of course I have," said the genial Doctor, " and why shouid 
I not have when everyone else has several. As they are all pro- 
posing that he should do something 'with his millions, that he has 
not indicated he himself proposes to do with them, I would sug- 
gest that he set aside $5,000,000 or $50.000,000, (just as he 
wishes, I won't dictate the amount) to provide some safe way of 
dynamiting all war ships, so that the Angel of Peace, may flap 
her glad wings over the Nations of the Earth "-when I woke 
out of the trance, I was interviewing an l\I.P., who said he would 
leave it all to l\Ir. Carnegie himself, as he seemed to be doing 
" furstrate." 

24 2 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

But levity aside, I will tell you the result of much inter- 
viewing. The many did not approve of l\1r. Carnegie's plans, 
but the few, said that when the world. finally saw the far reaching 
purpose of this great man, and looked upon the end of his works, 
then the \vorld would learn, that the Scotch boy had been born and 
lived for a purpose, and that the purpose had made better this old 
I have told you the disapproval of the many, and cannot bet- 
ter show you the impressions of the few, than by reproducing 
the words of Canada's great poet, Wl11. \Vilfrid Campbell, who 
in writing of Carnegie said: 

Andrew Carnegie. 
An appreciation-By "VV. \Vilfrid Campbell. 
""VVhen it is seen what his ideals really are, those who 
attacking him and opposing his benefactions will realize theIr 
mistake. First as to his personality, he is a Scotch-American, 
Scotch by birth and stock; he is an American in upbringing and 
environment. These facts explain the man. It has been well 
said that the man who is indifferent to his ancestral stock and the 
ideals they held, will never make a true citizen in any country, 
Andrew Carnegie has never forgotten Scotland and her great 
ideals of freedom and knowledge. His motto, "Let there be 
light," is emblematic of her history. The poor lad living in 
Pennsylvania, striving for knowledge and desiring wealth so that 
he might help others like himself, hampered for those books he 
found so necessary to his existence, was the typical Scotch boy. 
Realizing this we not only understand his dream of spreading in- 
tellectual thought over the world, but we also understand the 
Scottish-American, who has a dream, and a lofty one, the bring- 
ing together of the great Anglo-Celtic peoples. And these two 
ideals are the life dreams of Andrew Carnegie. When Cana- 
dians understand this, they will give him the justice and respect 
due to him as a very remarkable and high-minded man." 
The many (this "many" refers not to Canadians, but to in- 
dividuals of all countries) seem to see only libraries, They over- 
look all else, while library building is but a part of his work. "He 
should build schools, schools would do far more good," said the 
many, and some of them do not even yet know the great work he 
has inaugurated in school building. They have not heard of those 
at Pittsburg, 
The Carnegie Technical Schools, 
to be created and endowed by him, but 5,000 others have heard 
of them, and have already made written application for admittance 
-5,000 from all parts of the world! 

A lY/ ighty Confederation. 


They doubtless know all about that other millionaire, Ly 
whose commendable benefaction, thirty young men are this month, 
on their way from Canada and the United States, to England, 
with scholarships in their pockets, earned by hard contest, bui 
the vastness of Carnegie's other gifts becloud, not his thirty, bnt 
his scholarships limited only by the capacity of a vast institution, 
and that institution his own gift; and it may be that this is but Qne 
of a chain of schools, for nobody can tell the end when once Car- 
negie sets his hand to do. 
That the Technical-industrial Schools would do far more 
good than libraries, even the few must admit. In this age of 
" hustle, for bread," the youth have no time to learn trades proper- 
ly, and in their necessity often choose the wrong one,--one for 
which they are not fitted, and the really efficient artisan is too often 
the accident, the inefficient eking out a discouraged existence, 
which even access to a free library cannot ameliorate. If 1\1r. 
Carnegie would give a small part of the money to found trades 
schools, in the various cities to which he is giving libraries, there 
would grow up from it a class of competent artisans. and it would 
be of far greater benefit, not only to the individual, but to the 
Nations, and the name " Carnegie" would be longer remembe-ed 
and blest, than it will be carved upon the" walls of libraries. 

A Mighty Confederation. 
His library building, his endowment of schools, and all his 
other works, requiring millions of dollars, pale into insignificance, 
when compared to the real dream of his ambition-to which Mr, 
Campbell so aptly refers in "the bringing together of the great 
Anglo-Celtic peoples." While I do not believe it wise, or ever 
probable that Canada should or will annex us, or we annex Canada, 
(from my "New Canada"), "I do believe that there is a possibility 
of Canada being the means of bringing about a Confederation of 
Anglo-Celtic Nations, that will change the condition of the world. 
Great Britain is Conservative, and clings to old conditions-the 
United States is enthusiastically progressive, and there is danger 
of it's going too fast; while the Colonies-especially so Canada- 
are the happy medium-the buffer of Nations-and if the whole 
were joined in one protective Confederation for good-that Con- 
federation could dictate the policy of the world. And why not 
this Confederation? Weare one in language and all else that 
makes for good, and joined, the rest of the world had as well 'beat 
their swords into plow-shares, and their spears into pruning- 
hooks,' Will this be? Who can tell?" It is Carnegie's dream, 
and the dreams of man are sometimes realized. 
That he has made a mistake in what he has said about Canaùa, 
I do not doubt, but what he has said of this magnificent country 
was more from a lack of knowledge of it, than from any inten- 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

tion of offending its people. A man should be credited more for 
his acts than for his words, written or spoken. Many a one has 
spent his life saying pretty things, in praise of his home and coun- 
try, and in the end left no proof of his words of praise, even 
 he could take not so much as a penny of his millions along 
with hUll. Good acts, not good \\Tords alone, count in tDe end, but 
how much better the life of him who is free with both! 


\Vere I to leave out the name of Sir John A. :Macdonald, in 
writing of the city where he so long was the central figure, I 
would be doing an injustice, both to the memory of the man, and 
to my own countrymen, among whom "l\lacdonald" has long 
been a household word. And yet I cannot but quickly sketch 
his life and character. Born in Scotland, Jan. 11th, 1815, came 
to Canada (Kingston, Ont.) in 1820, died June 6th, 1891. \Vith- 
in that short sentence might be-have been-written volumes 
of vast interest, in which contemporaneously the growth, if not 
as well, the birth of a nation. In 1884 when he entered politics, 
he found Canada-if Canada it might be called-composed of 
many parts-he left it a cemented nation. I have only space to 
briefly touch or name, some of the points which he did so much 
toward helping to turn into history. A few of these are: The 
Secularization of the Clergy reserves (1854) after thirty years 
of controversy, (up to that time, the churches had certain property 
rights in all Counties) ; the adjusting (1855) of Seigneurial Tenure 
-by buying out Seigneurs' Claims; the extension of the munici- 
pal system; reorganization of the militia; the reorganization of 
the Civil Service; confederation of British North America; the 
construction of the Intercolonial Railway; extension and consolid- 
ation of the Dominion; the National Policy; and the construction 
of the Canadian Pacific. . 
His greatness may be appreciated from the fact that for near- 
ly fifty years he was the most prominent figure in Canada. lIe 
had the rare gift of attracting to himself all conditions of m
He seldom or never made friends for policy merely-the man who 
does that is usually as warmly disliked by some as he is tempor- 
arit), liked by others, and never lives in the minds of his peopÍe 
bevond the funeral service. In stvle of man he was a Disraeli; 
in - his manner of dealing with meri: and things he was a Lincoln. 
He reminds one very much of Lincoln-neither was ever entered 
for prizes at a beauty show, and yet they had a beauty of char- 
acter that will live through time; each won some of his most diffi- 
cult cases by story. and each was equal and yet unequalled in r
partee. If either had been father to all the stories accredited to 
him. he would have had no time for the real things which made 

Anecdotes and TV ord Plays. 


them great, and yet that both were pastmasters in story
te1ling no 
one can possibly doubt. Of the two Sir John excelled in the turn- 
ing or play of words. His double meanings have supplied Biggar 
with a fund for the most entertaining part of an entertaining 
volume, and to this writer am I indebted for these 

Anecdotes and fV ord Plays, 
He was a great pacifier, and would often turn a serious case into 
a jest, and thus bring about good feeling. One day two members 
were wrought up over a certain "system." Sir John came in 
with " Let us not have an
.thing hostile between these Ì\\'O gen- 
tlemen. \Ve will not have a duel system." 
\Vhen asked about certain trains being pnt on the Inter- 
colonial schedule, Sir John replied: ., Night trains will be put on 
at an early day." 
Mr. Bowell was once criticising Mr. lVlackenzie's immigra- 
tion lectures for the way they reached the people. Said he: " I 
was told that some of them have adopted the mode of announcing 
a temperance lecture, and then dragging in the question of immi- 
gration." .. That," interposed Sir John, "is certainly throwing 
cold water on immigration. iT 
Apropos of temperance and its opposites, many good stories 
and repartees are accredited to Sir John. One day the question 
was up of a certain people giving beer to their children. "It is 
generally at the end of life rather than at the beginning that men 
want their bier." Once, speaking on protection, he said: " Those 
who want protection at all want all the protection they can get. 
They are like the squaw who said of whiskey, ' a little too much 
is just enough.' " 
" Not being Reformers, we occasionally find something to re- 
form," was one of his repartees in a debate. 
He was once taken to task for re-appointing a delinquent 
civil servant. who had promised to do better. He retorted. " rhe 
honorable gentlemen sneered when I said, ' Go and sin no more.' 
I would not have given them advice-I do not think they 
would have taken it." 
He even " p.1ayed " on his own profession (law), speaking of 
lawyers as soldiers, he said: "They make the best of soldiers, be- 
cause they are so ready for the charge." I 
The above are but illustrations of his lighter vein. He was 
most versatile, and used the language which best suited the occa- 
sion. He was brook and river all in one-he flowed lightl
merrily along like the brook, but when need be he was the deep 
river, carrying along the weighty things of a nation. 
Like Lincoln, he was a man of the people, and though de3.d 
many years, there has scarce been a day of all the months of O!lr 

24 6 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

sojourn in Ottawa but we have heard his name, and most often 
used in endearing terms. I t was his genial spirit that won for 
him the friendship of all parties. Illustrative of this, the late 
David Thompson, member for Haldimand, told of his reception 
on his return to Ottawa after a long illness. He said: " The first 
man I met was l\Ir. Blake; he passed me with a simple nod; the 
next was C., and! his greeting was as cold as B.'s. Hardly had he 
passed on when I met Sir John A. He didn't pass me by, but 
grasped my hand, gave me a slap on the shoulder, and said, 'Davy, 
old man, I'm glad to see you back. I hope you'll soon be your- 
self again, and live many a day to vote against me-as you al- 
wavs have done.' 1\ow," continued Thompson, with genuine 
pathos: "I never gave the old man a vote in my life, but hang 
me if it doesn't go against the grain to follow the men who 
haven't a kind word of greeting for me, and oppose a man with 
a heart like Sir John's." 
All parties, as well, admitted his ability, and none more than 
his opponents. In a speech in 1882, ,. Honest Joe" Rymal, 
member for South vVentworth, said of him: .. He IS a man of 
extraordinary ability, I admit, as a manager of men I have never 
seen his equal," etc., etc. Sir J olm had the right conception of 
the judiciary of a country. "Keep the bench free from politics." 
was his motto. He was often known to confer with Blake, his 
most bitter political opponent, in the matter of appointing judges, 
and he would alwavs select a man for his fitness rather than for 
his politics. I wOtlld that this were the rule in our own country, 
were politics alone, govern in the choice of judges. 
His Ottawa houses are pointed out to the tourist and stranger. 


The United States is represented at Ottawa, as at Quebec, by 
a Vermonter, and it is one of those instances where honors are 
even, as both General vVm. Henry and 1Ir. John Gilman Foster 
are citizens whom we class among our foremost representatives in 
foreign countries. 
.i\iIr. Foster was born at Derby Line, Vermont, l\Iarch 9 th , 
18 59. He is a lineal descendant of Elder Brewster and Steph
Hopkins, who came over on the famous l\.layflower in 1620. His 
ancester, Thomás Foster, came to America in 16 34. 
He was educated at Goddard Seminary, Barre, Vt., and at 
Tuft's College, Somerville, 1Iass. He was admitted to the Bar 
in 1881. In 1892 to 1894 he was a member of the Vermont Leg- 
islature. He was Colonel on the staff of Governor Levi K. Fuller. 
1vIr. Foster has been connected with banking, as vice-presi- 
dent and director, in Vermont, and Canadian banking institutions 

Sir Percy Girouard. 


(the first American director in a Canadian bank), and also vice- 
president of ,Massawippi Valley Railway Company. 
He was appointed U. 5, Consul to Halifax, N.S., in 1897, 
and was transferred to Ottawa (in 1903), the highest consulate 111 
The estimate in which he was held by the people of Halifax 
was shown by one of the most elaborate banquets ever given in 
the Dominion for an American consul. 


In a book of this nature, where so much must be written in a 
small space, one must pass by man, very many things and many 
people worthy extended notice, and yet I cannot pass over the 
name of one of the most famous of Canada's sons, even though he 
is not to-day of Canada. I refer to Sir Percy Girouard, second 
son of Justice Désiré Girouard, of the Supreme Court of Canada. 
He could hardly be less able with such a father, and yet too often 
it is "like father, unlike son." I can but touch the life of this 
young man, who, at 36, has reached a fame for which millions seek 
in vain. 
He graduated at the Royal Military College at Kingston, for- 
tunately without honors-honor men are usually great only at 
school. He spent t\\,O years in a subordinate position at railway 
building on the" short lines" of the Canadian Pacific. In 1888 
he became a second lientenant in the Royal Engineers, and was 
sent to Chatham, England. From 1890 to 1895, he was Railway 
Traffic :l\Ianager at the Royal Arsenal, at vVoolwich. In 1896, 
when General Kitchener was starting on his conquest of the Sou- 
dan, he called to him Percy Girouard, and made him his chid 
over a full staff of able engineers, and that he chose wisely is 
proven by the results. 
In 1896, with the rank of 11:ajor in the Egyptian Army, he 
was made Director of Egyptian Railways, and what followed seems 
so wonderful that were it not a known fact it could scarcely be be- 
lieved. He built a line of railway across the great Nubian desert, 
against obstacles which might have daunted the greatest engineer 
of the world. It is spoken of as " one of the greatest efforts of 
engineering science, human endurance and pluck." Think of run- 
ning a line of 600 miles through hot shifting sands, no water, or 
anything necessary for road building save that which was brought 
up as the road progressed. For thousands of years this desert 
had been crossed with no water on the line to relieve the burning 
thirst of the caravans, save that which was carried by the camels. 
This young Canadian, in his wisdom, saw indications of water, 
and said to his men, "Dig," and a line of wells was established 

24 8 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

where to-day the thirst of thQusands may be relieved. He built 
the line of railway, and so accurately had he calculated, that it 
came very near his figures, but below them. And what is more 
remarkable, he did not have trained road builders, but ignorant 
Egyptian workmen and savage prisoners of war,-in short, all 
kinds of help but the efficient. 
In 1899 Kitchener called him to South Africa, where his 
herculean work but excelled his task in Egypt. In his hands was 
placed the rebuilding of all burned bridges, and so well did he 
plan his work, that he not only knew the exact dimensions of 
every bridge in danger of being burned, bet had a duplicate of 
everyone ready, to throw across the span when needed. 
He did one of the most daring feats ever attempted in ('n- 
gineering.. At a place where a bridge had been burned, and where 
a crossing was absolutely needed quick, he ran a road down a . 
gradient of 100 feet above the bed of the stream, crossed it over, 
and then up a like grade on the other side, and swung his trains 
down and up again without their leaving the track. This seems 
incredible, and yet it is true. No wonder, then, on April 20th, 
19o1, the Government honored him with knighthood: it honored 
itself in honoring him. 
He was married to 1\Iiss Gwendolen, the beautiful daughtèr 
of Sir Richard Solomon, K.C., on September loth, 19 0 3. Sir 
Richard is the legal advisor of all the South African Governments, 
No EnglishmaJ1 in the British Army was ever made, for merit, a 
K.C.1\I.G., and a lieutenant-colonel at 34. This honor was 1 e- 
served for a Canadian, and that Canadian the son of an Ottawan. 
Is it any wonder it is so great a pleasure to write of a young man 
like Sir Percy Girouard? 


Ottawa has some verv fine stat'c1es. Another way of sayiüg 
the same thing would be to tell you that Ottawa has a number of 
statues, many of them the work of Philippe Herbert, the noted 
Canadian sculptor. The one of Sir John l\lacdonald stands in the 
Parliament grounds to the east of the Central Building. To the 
west of the same building are three, Cartier's, 1\1ackenzie's, and the 
magnificent one to the Queen, unveiled by the Prince of Vvales, 
when, as Duke of Cornwall and York, he, with the Duchess, was 
hue in 1901. 
In front of the City Hall, on Elgin Street, is the statue to the 
thirteen soldiers from here who fell in South Africa in the late 
Boer war. It was" erected by 30,000 childr
n of Ottawa and ad- 
joining counties." It is the work of Hamilton 
rthy, a rising 
sculptor of the Capital. There is a statue to J osC'ph E",ui;eJle 

Ottawa's Statues. 


Guiges, first Bishop of Ottawa, on the lawn of the Basilica, on 
Sussex Street. He was Bishop from 1848 to 18ï4. 
In the Ottawa University grounds is a statue to "]. H. Taba- 
ret, founder of the University." 
As mentioned elsewhere, there is a statue in l\1ajor HilI Park 
to Wm. A. Osgoode and John Rogers, who fell in the Riel Rebel- 
lion in 1885. 


The Colonel came in one dav with a lot of " facts" which 
he said he had cul1ed from an English Geography. 
"Colonel," said I, 'are they as correct as the usual rUB of 
English facts about Canada? " 
" \Vell, let's see, one says 1lanitobw is treeless-" 
, Hold on, Colonel, that's enough-if that is a specimen you 
need not give the others." 
Now, while I knew that it was wrong, I did not know just 
how wrong, and as I want you all to be able to swear by (rath
than at) "The Hub and The Spokes," I went at once to head- 
quarters, again to one of :Minister Sifton's many branches of :1is 
Department, this time to the Forestry, under the courteous Sup- 
erintendent, ]\Ir. E. Stewart. 
"Is ]\Ianitoba treeless?" I asked. Now, l\Ir. Stewart is a 
good Canadian, but for the moment he was a Yankee. He did 
not answer but asked a question. "\Vhere did you get that, out 
of an English Geography? " 
" Right the first guess." 
" I knew it. Let me give you a rule to go by, Rube, whenever 
you see anything in an English Geography about Canada, just 
take the opposite and you will be right. As to 
lanitoba, of its 
ï3,ooo square miles about one half of it is timbered. All of the 
east and north, and along the rivers and around the lakes in the 
rest of the Province is more or less timbered." 
I soon grew so interested in Canadian forestry, that I must 
have stolen much of l\Ir. Stewart's time, but he was so nice about 
it, that I did not feel any hesitation in asking whatever I wanted 
to know, and if I did not know what to ask he told me, so it was 
all the same. Here are a few things this live tree branch is at 
work on::- 
Trees are raised from the seeds or from the cuttings, on 
some of the Experimental Farms, and given to the farmers to 
plant. Just see how things grow in Canada. Four years ago, 

Timber Reserves and Fire Rangers. 

25 1 

this branch may be said to have started, now follow: In 1901, 
18 settlers were supplied with 64,000 little trees; 1902, 415 settlers 
planted 457,000 trees; 1903, 601 settlers planted 920,000 tree:;; 
and this year, 2,000,000 trees are to be planted by 1050 settlers. 
Here is the plan: John Smith (John is now living in Canada) 
wants a timber lot planted, or a wind break about his home, or 
along certain parts of his land. The Government, at no expen
to John, looks the ground over, and decide what kind to plant, and 
how best to plant them, furnishing a plan for John's guidance. 
John agrees to prepare the ground under instructions, plant the 
trees, furnished free, and to care for them, and to not cut away or 
remove any of them without consent of the Government Insp
tor. He agrees to protect them by fencing, if need be, from ani- 
mals that might destroy them. Result: In a few years John can 
talk about" my timber" in a prairie country. 
Canada has begun to grow in so many ways that one meets 
nothing but surprises everywhere, even though going a1xmt with 
eyes wide open looking for new developments. 
The Dominion once looked upon its timber as something to 
give away, but the man at the head is now so careful of. this valu- 
able asset that he believes in planting, rather than cutting, and 
Canada is correcting the mistakes of other times. 
\i\That is now being sold is judiciously selected and brings 
full value. 
"Rube," said the Colonel, when I got back from the visit to 
the Forestry Branch, and had told about the tree planting, "wh3.t 
else did you hear? I didn't know that timber was so interesting 
a story." 
" No, nor did I-Its a long story, and I can only tell you a 
little bit of it"-and I told him about 

Til1'lber Reserves and Fire Rangers. 
There have been set aside in various parts of the \i\T est, Re- 
serves of Timber. These are protected against fire, by a oody of 
men call Fire Rangers. Their duty is to travel through the tim- 
ber countries-along creeks, rivers, lakes, railroads, trails or 
wherever there is danger of fire. Posters of warning are supplied 
by the Government, and are posted in conspicuous places by the 
Rangers, the'railroads, the Hudson Bay Company and the 110unt- 
ed Police. 
" \Yhat, another duty for the 
iounted? It strikes me, Rube, 
that there's not another body of the same number of men who do 
so much as they." 
" And so well, and so well, Colonel; I like those men." 

l5 2 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

Some of the Timber Reserves and Limits. 
In 11anitoba:-Riding 1Iountain (larger than R. L), 1,716 
sq. miles, 1,098,240 acres; "Spruce Wood," 297 sq. miles, 190,000 
acres; "Turtle Mountain," 108 sq. miles, 69,120 acres; "Duck 

10untain," 1,1D9 sq. miles, 709,766 acres; "Porcupine," 2,100 
sq. miles, 1,382,400 acres. 
Northwest Territory:-"Moose Mountain," 161 sq. miles, 
10 3,000 acres; B.C., "Glacier Forest Park," 297:í. sq. miles, 18,720 
acres; " The Foot Hills," 3,672 sq, miles, 2,350,000 acres; "Cook- 
ing Lake," near Edmonton, 170 sq. miles, 109,000 acres; B.(:., 
Long Lake, II8 sq. miles, 76,000 acres; B.C., "Y oho Park;' 
8280 sq. miles, 530,240 acres; N.\i\T.T., "Rocky Mountain Park" 
(as large as Conn.) 4,500 sq. miles, 2,880,000 acres. 
Ontario :-"Algonquin Park," on the Canada Atlantic Rail- 
way, 1,109,383 acres; "Eastern," 80,000 acres; "Sibley," 45,000 
acres; "Temagami," about half as large a
 Conn., 1,400,000 acres. 
This tract has probably the greatest quantity of pine of any section 
of same size on the Continent, estimated at 5,000,000,000 feet. It 
is not under license, and will no doubt be held, as it grows in 
value all the time. "Rondeau Park," like Algonquin, is a game 
Quebec.-Laurentides National Park, has an area of ove!. 
2.500 square miles, or more than twice as large as the State of 
Rhode Island. "Trembling Mountain Park," no data. 
Other Provinces have Parks and Reserves, but the foregoing 
are the principal ones. 
When I had told this to the Colonel, he wanted to know "why 
has the Government and Provinces set aside so many reserves?" 
 Is it for the timber alone? " 
" No, Colonel, I think it is more to protect the streams that 
head in these districts. Once cut away the timber and many 
streams would dry up; and once dry up the stream
 and the value 
of great sections of country would be destroyed." 
"1 declare, Rube, the Canadians do know a lot-l hadn't 
thought of that. Why, of course, I wouldn't be surprised if 
manx rivers rise in some of these very reserves." 
"1\1any, well, 1 would say. \i\Thy, take for instance "Riding 
Mountain Reserve," Mr. Stewart said, that in that one distnct 
alone no less than eight considerable and many smaller streams 
head; among the number, the Assiniboine, the second river of 
importance in :Manitoba, here receives most of its supply. No, 
Colonel, its not alone the timber but the water that is taken into 
account, in setting aside these great reserves. 

M arvel/ous Growth of Timber Values. 


The Canadian Forestry Association. 
of which Mr. Stewart is Secretary, has grown from this one en- 
thusiastic gentleman as a necleus, in four years to a membership 
of several hundred, from all quarters of Canada, and not only 
from Canada, but among the number we find, such well know
Forestry enthusiasts as Prof. J. W. Tourney, of Yale College, :Mr. 
Daniel Smiley, of Lake l\10hawk, N.Y., C. A. Schenck, Ph. D., 
Biltmore, N.C., Fred Law Olmstead, (son of the late great land- 
scape gardener), of Brookline, l\Iass., Edw. 
layhugh, of Eliza- 
beth, N.J., J as. Sturgis Pray, of Cambridge, l\1ass., H. Albert 
:l\1oore, Dr. E. C. Jeffrey, Edw. S. Bryant, three latter a!so of Cam- 
bridge. To complete the list there would of course have to be 
an Ohio man, and Prof. F. 1\1. Comstock, Ph. D., of Cleveland, 
of the School of Applied Science, is the member. 
This Association is doing a very great deal of good. It 1S 
txtending its work into every part of Canada. It is seconding 
the good work of the Government in preserving the old and 
working up an interest in planting new forests. 
" Manitoba is treeless!" Don't believe it. 


The Colonel came in one day with a lot of figures about 
Canadian Timber Lands. He had been do\\ n to the Sun Life 
Building, corner of Sparks and Bank Streets, to see 1\1r. E. J. 
Darby, Crown Timber Agent, for Ontario, and after telling me, 
ho,,,- that Darby had been for twenty-eight years in the office, and 
in charge since 1892, and ought to know, gave me the figures. 
I could not but think that the Colonel had gotten his figures 
mixed up with gold mines, so I went to see 1\1r. Darby myself, 
and found that gold mines were in another class frorn "Values 
a<; is values." Here is a story, or rather truth, illustrative of L:.
marvellous growth of values in 
he, past 42 years. 

Bought for $400, Sold for $665,000. 
In 1861, the late \Vm. l\lackay, bought a timber limit of 100 
square miles for $4.00 per mile,--$400.00. He began cutting rafts 
of timber out of it in 1869. He built on it a small mill and put 
on some other improvements, but nothing like in value what he 
had taken off in big timber, and in 1902, this tract was sold to 
J. R. Booth, for the enormous price of $665,000. 
Before 1827, timber brought nothing to Canada. from 182 7 
to 1851, it brought into the treasury very little more. Up to 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

1868, all Canadian timber was under one set of fees, after that 
each Province made its own timber laws. I will speak more par- 
ticularly of the Province of Ontario. In 1866, the minimum 
Government bonus was $4.00 per square mile, and provision was 
made for sales to be held half yearly. Up to 1852 Red Pine fees 
,,,ere three times those of vVhite Pine, now they are the same. 
Timber lands are sold in this way. At the sales a bonus per 
square mile is bid, and after that the purchaser has to pay an 
annual tax or ground rent as it were. In 185 I this was Soc. per 
square mile, it is now $5.00 per mile. As soon as he begins cut- 
ting timber he must pay $2.00 per thousand feet board measure, 
for the lumber, and for square timber $50 per thousand cubic feet, 
which often brings the price for a square mile very high, as for 
iJIustration in the following sales, you will note that in 1903, the 
highest price paid was $31,500 per square mile. That was the 
bonus on first cost. This indicates a quantity of timber that will 
bring to the Government in fees alone $14,000 per square mile, 
or $45,500 per mile all told. When you think that once a mile 
could have been purchased for $4.00, you will see why I say that 
a gold mine is not in the same class. 

Ontario Timber Sales. 
Sq. miles sold. Highest price. Average price. 
1868. . . . . . .. 38.. . . . . . . $ 5 19. . , . , . .. $ 3 80 . I 7 
186 9. . . . . . .. 98.... . . .. 4 I 8. . . . . . . . 260.86 
18 7 0 . . . . . . .. 12.. . . . . ., 640........ 64 0 . 00 
18 7 1 . . . . . . .. 4 8 7........ 500.. . . . . . . 241.62 
1872.. .. .. .. 5031. . . . .... 1000........ 117.79 
1877. . . . . . .. 375........ 5 00 .. . . . . . . 201.97 
1881. . . . . . . .1379. . . . . . .. 23 00 ........ 53 2 . 00 
188 5. . . . . . . .1012. . . . . . .. 1250........ 3 1 4. 8 7 
1887. . . . . . .. 459........ 63 00 ........ 28 59. 00 
18 9 0 . . , . . . .. 376........ 2625........ 9 1 9. 08 
1892........ 633........17500........ 3 6 57. 18 
18 97. . . .. ... 159....:... 6600........ 168 5. 0 7 
18 99... ..... 3 60 . .......85 00 ........ 2010.00 
1901. . . . . . .. 399y.í...... 47 00 ........ 18 35.4 0 

 9 0 3. . . . . . .. 826........ 3 15 00 . . . . . . .. 445 0 . 00 
We saw the first book used to record Timber Sales. It was for 
the year 1830. Compare them with now. In 1827, timber sold 
$:)60; 1823. $3,184; 1829, $2,237. At a recent big sale of limits, 
1'hos. :Mackie, M.P., of Pembroke, paid for three and one-half 
miles, $110,250, and with final fees, thcse three apd onc- 
half miles will bring- to Canada over $150,000. At thIS same 
sale, J\.fackie purchased in all 390 miles, paying $43 6 ,475. C. 
Beck, of Penetang, bought 69
2 miles for $545,9 2 5. and the 

Rube's Story of the Hogs. 

2'" .. 

Hawkesbury Lumber Company, 270 miles at $337,650. Thc
,vere the three highest bidders. The sale amounted to $3,675,700 
as against $360 in 1827. This too at a single sale in a single Pro- 
vince, as against all sales made in 1827. 
The success of Canada's growth in timber values may be .....t- 
tributed to our own stupidity; we put a tariff on their logs, and 
they set their own mills to work. We gained nothing, and it 
made the fortune of many a mill man in Canada. One often has 
to get outside of one's own country to see the stupidity of one's 
own people. 
If we ever had a ghost of a chance of Annexation, Blaine 
killed that one chance, when he was more loyal than sensible, in 
refusing Reciprocity. 


" Rube, you seem to think that our country is about all right." 
And the Old Citizen's bosom expanded to the full strength of his 
yest buttons. 
" Yes, about, but not quite," said I, aching to tell him some 
very grave mistakes which I note in Canada. "Abolti. hut not 
quite! Listen, while I tell you a little story. 

Rube's Story of the Hogs. 
" Once upon a time, we in the States, felt that \ve were a free 
people. Free and independent, but that was a long while ago--- 
bdore the oil men, the hog men, and other hog men, got a notion 
that they could become multi-millionaires, by owning all the in- 
dustries worth owning, so they set out to own our industries and 
succeeded. 1\10st of us down there are now clerking for them, 
and boarding ourselves. But, what I started out to tell you was 
about our hogs-' what ?' Oh, I see. No, you're wrong. Some poor 
young men went out to Chicago from the East, and went around 
town picking up a few animals, which they would kill and dispose 
of, and then buy more. \Vell, it was marvellous how quickly they 
grew rich, until now they pay us just what they choose to pay, and 
charge us what they choose to charge for every pound of .:mr 
hogs. Rich! whv at the rate they are climbing, they will soon 
own the land and raise their own hogs, their own cattle, sheep- 
their own grain, and the railroads to haul them to market, and" 
but just here the Old Citizen broke in. 
" Why did you allow them to get such a foothold?" 
" We were not wise, and had no near neighbor who had been 
'done up' by their kind, that we could know what to escape." 

:15 6 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

" I don't want to be rude, but I must say it served you right." 
Ah, me, I had the Old Citizen just where I wanted him. 
" 11 y dear man, can't you see that your own country is in 
the same condition ? You sit watching poor men grow rich-in 
the same way-so fast, that good manners and any degree of cl1l- 
tun: will not catch up to them for a generation, and yet you 1sk 
'why did we allow them to get such a foothold?' 
" In your cheese factories and creameries, you are very wi5
Your farmers get the benefit. Now, my dear man, if the farmers 
arc wise enough to run their dairies, why are they not wise en- 
ough to run their own pork packing establishments, in which the 
profits are far larger?" 
" Yes, but how? It would have to be done on a far larger 
" It would take too long to go into details." 
" You have interested me. I see vaguely how the farmers 
might do this, but only vaguely. I see also that there must be 
vast fortunes in pork packing, for as you say, men of small means 
and ordinary ability grow rapidly rich. \Vhat plan would you 
propose? " 
" Something on the co-operative cheese factory and creamery 
pian, only difference in the details-and as you say, to be run on 
a far larger scale, but what is that when many of the farmers of 
to-day have quite as much business ability as the pork packer- 
and quick to catch intricate points of business. So what the 
managers would lack they would soon acquire. 

Establish Pork Packing H O'ltses. 
" I would suggest the establishing-at large central points- 
oÍ packing houses, houses equipped with every modern armliance. 
To these packing houses the farmers could'ship their hogs direct." 
"But say," broke in the Old Citizen. "How would the 
price be determined at which they should be paid for their ship- 
ments ? " 
" On receipt of their stock, it would at once be weighed, in- 
spected and graded, and they would be paid the price which 
prevailing market would warrent. They being the stock-holders 
of the Company need not change the form of a transaction. They 
could sell, as they now sell to a packing house or drover. But, 
as I said, the running of the business would only be a matter of 
detail, the main point being that it would be their own business, 
and the profits their own, instead of a company's, whose aim is to 
"cull" and pay just as little fon hogs as possible. 

Rube Talks on Cattle and Bacon. 


Various Branches of the Business. 
" Some of the various branches would be the Improvement 
Branch, whose business would be to see that the very best animals 
were raised; the l\Iarket Branch, whose part would be to look 
out for the best markets, foreign and domestic, and-but ag-ain- 
these are matters of detail." 

Rube Talks on Cattle. 
" What about the cattle business? This just now seems of 
more importance to Canada, than even that of hogs." 
., And of far more importance than Canada realizes. Did 
you ever think what would happen to, your cattle trade if England 
-your great shipping point-should get scared and shut out your 
cattle? There is nothing so easy as to start a scare, where a food 
product is in question. It might be an idle fear--one case of 
disease might shut out the trade for a year-the effect of which 
would mean millions of a; loss to Canada." 
" And for this what would you suggest?" 

" Build Abattoirs. H 
" Abattoirs, in connection with your packing houses. Even 
if there were no possible reason of fear of your live stock being 
shut out, it is poor economy to ship on foot, when the bi-products 
of cattle are the real profits. Think you that those Chicago multi- 
millionaires had been such, had they depended upon the meat 
alone? Why, the very hoofs are of value! So scientifically is 
every part of the animal treated, that I feel safe in saying that not 
so much as a penny's worth is lost. The time is now ripe fûr 
such enterprise. You have a vast extent of pasture land; you have 
thE; railroads, and soon to have added thousands of miles more: 
you have the steamships, with their mechanical and chemical 
means of refrigeration, for carrying to foreign markets the meat; 
and best of all you have the men, who are capable of carrying to 
success the enterprise. You have the men, all that is needed is the, 
will to start, and once started, a business would grow that wouìd 
go far toward placing Canada in the position which her resources 
so well warrant her taking. 

Rube Talks on Bacon. 
"I wonder if you know-pardon me for going back to 
first proposition-the vast advance your country has made in its 
ham and bacon exports? " 
" No, I had not given it a thought-Do you know?" 
" Yes, I was looking over the figures the other day. I had 
to read them over so many times that they got fastened 111 my 

25 8 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

memory. I could not realize the possibility of such a growth. 
That's why I read them so many times-but here they are :-In 
1889, you exported 4,066,000 pounds of hams and bacon for which 
you received, $381,300; in 1903, you exported 142,000,000 pound's 
for which you received, $15,906,000. And yet, large as is this 
growth, you have but just made a beginning. Little-Denmark is 
ahead of you, in both quantity and quality, but you are fast catch- 
ing up in quantity, and are not far behind in quality-especially 
in your bacon, which ere long will take the lead for excellence." 
"\\That you say, Rube, is all right, but the farmer is not a 
good co-operator. He can never agree with anyone but himself, 
and I am afraid your plan, which I must admit is a good onc, 
will not be adopted until he becomes broader minded." 
" In that event he must be content to dig, and plow, and see 
others grow rich off his toi1. If not too late, the men who now 
are boys will take up this plan, as it is the only one which wiJI 
solve the problem of enriching a nation instead of the individua1." 

Proper TVay to Populate Canada. 
The next time I met the Old Citizen he wanted to kno\\ : 
"Rube, have you thought of any more Canadian mistakes? " 
" Yes, I have, but seeing as how, far wiser than I have 
thought differently, it might seem bold in me to call it a mistalü
1\1y own country made the same one (l call it a "mistake" from 
my view point) with the result that it's choicest lands have been 
given away." 
"What are you talking about, bacon?" 
"Oh, pard(m me, I forgot that I had not introduced the 
"mistake." \Vell, you doubtless know of the great efforts being 
put forth to populate your country-rich lands are being gi vcn 
away-lands which inside of ten years will be worth untold for- 
"Yes, I know, but how are we to get the immigrants with- 
out offering them inducements to come? " 
" By offering them other inducements than giving away your 
richest asset. K ow listen, and I will tell you a plan that will 
not only bring them, but bring more and better immigrants than 
you are now getting, and at the same time get a good price for 
the verÿ lands you are now giving away." 
" Go on-go on, that's what Canada has long been wanting- 

U To Eat the Cake and Still have It!" 
"Oh, you may smile, but I can soon show you the feasibleness 
of my plan. Show you in a few sentences! 
"What is the first thing your Government has to do to get 
the immigrant?" 

How to Populate Canada. 


" Interest him in our country." 
"Correct, but what is the first question that comes into th
mind of the man, when he is interested? Is he not at first timid., 
and fear
 to try even though thousands have gone before h;m a
succeeded? I'll tell you, and to better illustrate both my plaa, 
and the way to interest him, I will let you imagine me an immi- 
grant agent in, say, Belgium, France or some other European coun- 
try. Now follow, while I talk to him. I introduce the subject 
of his leaving his barren country for a new world. Of course. 
I tell him all about the 'milk and honey,' but he stops me right 
there. 'Yes, yes,' he says, 'but how am I to get there? and what 
can I do when I get there? I have no money, or too little to do 
anything with, so it is out of the question." 
" l\;loney? why man, we have a ship, a line of them, we will 
agree to take you over, put you in a neat house on a farm, pay 
you fair wages, and you shall farm for us until you can get your- 
self established. \"1 e have our land laid out in lots of 160 acrèS, 
you can plow, with teams furnished by us, and next season put 
in a crop, and with no risk to yourself, you will in a short time be 
securely established." 
" Yes," says he, " but it will be too lonesome for me and my 
family to live there alone!" 
" Lonesome! why man, we have it so laid out that you wiil 
have neighbors all about you, the same as here, with schools and 
churches not far away. We have men who oversee the whole 
community, look after the needs of all our farmers." 
" What-and pay us wages? " 
" Yes. and treat you fairly," 
" Hold on-you need say no more-I've long wanted to gl) 
to Canada, but \\as afraid to risk it. I'll go, and just as soon as 
I can get ready-and say-I know fifty other familit's 
who will go along. It's the fear of not knowing what to do when 
we get there that has kept us from going. V\Tait till I tell my wife 
and the children, and I'll go with you to the neighbors," and the 
'wife and children' are told. 1\1y such a family of hearty childrcn! 
Ideal citizens they will make! 
" We start out, I don't have to say a word. He cloes all the 
, for he has caught every word I have told him. Result, 
I have my selection of his neighbors. We don't want them all, 
our examining physician finds some families not to our liking. 
\\7 e are as independent as an employer hiring a lot of workmen. 
" Now follow us across-we bring them to the part of New 
Ontario, 1\1anitoba, or some other section chosen for population. 
and in a short time we have them at work. The management of 
the community is again a matter of detail. 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

" We do not locate them on every quarter section, but on 
alternate quarters rather than, as now, on alternate or even num- 
bu sections, reserving the other for the double purpose of extend- 
ing the community over a wider range, and the enhancing of value 
of the one reserved. Again follow me. In a year or two the 
immigrants now thoroughly settled and used to their new life, see 
that they are enhancing the value of your land, while they are 
gEtting no further benefit than a bare living, so they may say. 
'\Ne want to buy our home.' The land grown, valuable by having 
been brought into good condition, you sell to him on terms which 
he can very easily meet. The crops if they have been good, will 
pa y for his fare over and his wages, if not you get them back 
in the enhanced value of the land. Now, see your gain-a lot of 
working citizens, and pay for that which you now give away, and 
enhanced price for the alternate quarter sections, which may be 
sold later to the settlers, or to other of their friends at home, who 
may not have been in a position to come when they came. 
Y 011 can readily see how by this plan, immigrants could be induc- 
ed to come. 
"It would be absolutelv safe for the Government, from a 
financial point of view, not to take into account the rapid growth 
ir.. population of your great Northwest. 
" This assisting of immigrants is not new, as of course you 
know how that in 1874, '75 and '76, your Government brought 
oyer 6,000 :Mennonites (now grown to 31,(00), and loaned to 
them, $95,ooo?" 
" No, or if I did, I have forgotten. Tell me about it." 
" Yes, your Government loaned these people $95,000, all of 
which-with-interest-they shortly after paid back. So you 
see your country has lost nothing in assisting immigrants, and my 
plan, would not only save the price of the lands, but would gain 
a better class of peoDle, and far more of them." 

N of a PiPe Dream,. 
"Rube, I did think that the brand of your 'pipe' was-well, 
no matter, I now believe that Canada would not make a 'mistake' 
if it looked into your 'dreams.' " 
"Thanks," said 1-" thanks, but 'l{'ill Canada look into 
" One point more. What is the matter with our present plan 
of giving away land?" 
" Nothing, if you can once get the immigrants here. This 
plan would get them here more readily than the present one, as 
somehow it's human nature to feel that a free gift. thousands of 
miles away, is not safe to go after, while by this way they start 
from their homes assured of, at least, their living. Once here, and 

RaPid Growth of Land Values in the N orth'Lvest. 261 

they are willing to pay a few dollars per acre for lands, which 
their common sense will show them, must be worth many times 
the few-and that in a short while. Why, have you any notion 
how fast is the growth of your land values in the l\orthwest? ., 

Rapid Growth of Land Values in the N orthzeest. 
" No, I must say, I have not followed them." 
" Well, let me tell you-and I will not give as illustration 
any of your settled Provinces. III cite to you the Korthwest 
Territory, beyond Manitoba along the line of the C.PR. Wild 
land is now as high in places as $9 per acre, and improved farms 
have sold for $35 per acre-land that a very short time ago was. 
worth but little, if there was any sale at all for it. This is but au 
instance-and yet with all this fortune to offer the immigrant. 
he hesitates, because he cannot grasp the greatness of the gift. 
H he could you could not keep him away." 
I learned afterward that the Old Citizen doubted my word 
as to the values of land in the Territories, and asked Dr. D., mem- 
ber for -, who corroborated all I had told him. He did what 
I, wanted him to do. Being careful to verify my statements, I am 
never so pleased as to have them looked into by the d
)'.1bter. for 
then he is doubly convinced. 

Canada's Generous Offer. 
One cannot wonder that the people of an old settled country 
do not grasp the offer that Canada is so generously making-if 
they could-well, an armed force could not keep them away from 
the" Granary of the world," as the great 'Korthwest is so justly 
It may not be uninteresting to you to know how fast the 
lands are being taken up. Here is what :Mr. J as. A. Smart, the 
Deputy "Minister of the Interior, says on the subject: "Never 
has Canada commanded so much attention in Great Britain, in lhe 
United States and abroad, as it does at the present moment, allJ 
while many favorable causes have no doubt contributed to hring 
its immense resources prominently before the world, non::> in this 
respect have had a more powerful effect than the wonderful rich- 
ness of the western agricultural fields, and the opportt:nities af- 
forded to those who have already settled in Canada, to materially 
improve their social condition. 
"Now th'1t the tide of immigration to this country has assumed 
3tich large proportions and permanency of character, which fullv 
justify Canadians in viewing- the possibilities of the f"ttlre with 
sentiments of national pride, it seems remarkable that this great 
agriculture wealth 
hot1ld have remained dormant and ignored. for 
so many years, when millions of land-seekers from the old world 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

were over-crowding themselves in the neighboring republic to the 
south of us. 
Increase in ReceiPts, 
as shown by the report on lands, for 1903. The receipts from all 
sources during the year were $2,418,355, an increase of $699,- 
960, over the previous year. The homestead fees were $320,407, 
compared with $144,425, for the preceding year. 
" The gross revenue in cash' alone was $2,244,062.21, or an in- 
crease of $702,346.26, over the previous year. 

Free H otnesteads. 
" During the past fiscal year 31,383 entries for free homsteads 
\vue granted to the settlers locating in western Canada. I t is 
the largest number of entries ever granted by the department. 
The land thus disposed of covered an area, taking the theoretical 
area of a homestead at 160 acres, of 5,021,280 acres. This, 
added to the 4,229,011 disposed of by companies, and the 137,270 
acres sold by the department, gives a grand total of 9,387,6GI, 
acquired for settlement during the year." 
On the subject of immigration, 1\lr. Smart says:- 
" There can be no question that the most important branch 
of the Government service is that respecting immigration, as the 
increase in the population necessarily affects the consuming and 
prúductive forces of the country. The trade and commerce, the 
revenue, the development of the mine, of the fisheries, of the for- 
('st, of agriculture, are regulated by and largely dependent upùn 
the number of citizens who compose the community. This is es- 
pecially true of a country like Canada, whose boundless areas ùf 
arable land are its first and permanent source of wealth." 
By this report, we find that 5,021,280 acres were given away. 
Suppose' that the immigrants to whom this vast area was giv?n 
free, had been assisted on a basis of ten times that of the 6,080 
l\lennonites or nearly $5,ooo,ooo-and again place the land at the 
nominal price of $5 per acre, and out of this $25,106,400, there 
would be net to the Government $20,000,ooo-not to mention the 
final return of the money advanced originally, and that too with 
a better class of immigrants secured, than those who made the fre

Ad'vantages all on the Side of the Immigrant. 
vVhen the Colonel read this over, he said: " You are right 
from Canada's standpoint. For her own interest your planJ would 
be vastly to her benefit, but how about the immigrants who have 
money enough and pluck enough to come out and take up thi'5 
land at a gift?" 

HardshiPs of the Early Settlers. 

26 3 

"That is not the question, Colonel. I've been talking about 'Can- 
ada's mistakes.' As for the immigrants, it's a gold mine with 
the shaft sunk and steam up! " 

HardshiPs of the Early Settlers. 
"Did you ever contrast old times with now, when the builders 
of Canada came to settle in the woods of Nova Scotia, 
Brunswick, Quebec or Ontario? Do you know that an immi- 
grant then might work a whole life time and not be as far along 
as one of to-day, the first season he lands?" 
" How's that possible? " 
"You should know without asking. The man who came here 
less than 100 years ago--yes, les.s than 75 years ago--found no 
conveniences, and many things to discourage him. The country 
was a wilderness-unfit to till until the forests were cleared away, 
and that took years, to get ready a small farm, and far away 
markets, when anything was raised to sell. To-day the new- 
comer's limit is bounded only by his means, and ability to plow, 
sow and reap. He does not have the forests to clear away, but 
may go to plowing the very day he lands, if he is ready. Now 
it all depends upon himself-then everything depended upon con- 
ditions, and if the stories of early settlers may be taken as true- 
and no one doubts them-these conditions were often almost 
heart-breaking, even to the hardy Scot, and to the plucky Irish- 
man. Then it was years of hard work with little prospect at the 
end, now a fortune lies ready made-ready, and waiting to be 
plowed up and garnered! And a market to take all that can be 
raised, with schools, churches and every convenience that modern 
civilization can devise, for the comfort and pleasure of the immi- 
"No, Colonel, it's not the mistakes of the immigrant about 
'which I am talking, and writing. If I wrote of his mistakes, I"d 
show very readily and to his own mind how foolish he is to stay 
in a congested community, where his only hope can be but a bare 
existence for himself, and no better prospect for the children !1e 
may leave behind, when he may come to a land as free as the air, 
anå as productive as an Eden. No, Colonel, it's not the immi- 
grant's but Can3.da's mistakes I've been talking about." 





The Man with the II Ditches" and "Trenches," who is to Take Washington 
City in Three Months. 


Fire Protection and Other Things, of Lighter Vein. 





" Anything doing in town to-night?" asked the Colonel, one 
evening at the table, shortly after we reached Ottawa. 
"Nothing that I know of," replied the good landlady. 
"Nothing except the choir meeting around at our church" Now, if 
there is anything that the Colonel is not passionately fond of, it is 
choir meeting in a new town. 
One of the old boarders just then spoke up, and asked if we 
liked the circus. 
" Circus r" exclaimed the Colonel, brightening up from the 
pall thrown over him by the 'choir meeting.' "Circus in town 
to-night? Whose-where-when?" 
"Growley's-Parliament-eight o'clock," replied the .old 
boarder, in even fewer words than the Colonel had used in his 
brief inquiry, 
"Who's Growley?" and everybody around the table looked 
in wonderment at us, as though we had shown unpardonable ignor- 
ance in not knowing :Major Growley. 
"Why, he is a man whom everyone of you should know," 
said the O. B. "He is the man who is going to take Washington 
City in less than three months after he once gets started." 
" Oh, I see," replied the Colonel, "we know that man well; 
he is from our State, but then he has another name with 11S. We 
don't call him 'Grow ley,' everybody down there calls him 
, Coxey.' " 
We didn't know then why, but it took those jolly boarders 
several minutes to finish up some smiles which they had started 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

at the name of "Coxey." Each smile was a laugh peculiarly per- 
sonal-and all at our expense. The O. B., however, kindly came 
to our rescue with: " You know that every nation has to have a 
regulator, a man who looms far above all others; a man whose 
giant intellect dominates the age; a man whose greatness mak
all other men seem but pigmies; a man who, when other statesm
reach a period in the nation's welfare where they know not which 
way to turn, can lead them out and guide them into the right path. 
For such a man, the British Empire had long waited in vain, but 
finally, by the merest chance, he rose from the common people, and 
to-day he is the leader among the men of the Empire-and that 
man's name is Major Growley, and to-night he is to speak. But 
a word of advice to you: don't let him know that you are there." 
To hear so great a man was indeed a bit of good fortune 
we had not counted upon. But why had the O. B. warned us not 
to let Major Growley know that we were among his listeners? 
That was the question. We learned, however, in due time, and 
sat trembling during his speech, lest he should know that two poor 
lone Yankees sat within shooting distance of his It trenches." 

Drawn front a Saharian Thought Source. 
Would that I had the space to give you his speech. It was 
wonderfully constructed. I had never heard its like before, and 
may never hear such an one again. It was a Nile of words, 
drawn from a Saharian thought-source, as the "catch-phrase" 
maker might say in trying to describe it. 
The speech started at his own desk, but soon he began dis- 
tributing it all along the aisle toward where sat the" Hansard" 
man, vainly trying to keep up. This seemed to be his destina- 
tion; there he stood raining gestures and things over poor Mr. 
Simpson, and poor Mr. Simpson without an umbrella! The 
" Hansard" man did not deserve this, as he was not to blame for 
the ills at which the Major spake. 
He carefully avoided saying anything good of us Yankees, 
and I did not blame him. It would have pained me deeply to have 
seen his unclothed grand mamma jump up from her grave and 
pound him to death in our very presence for" one word in favor 
of the United States." We would far rather go without the 
" word" than hear it spoken at such a fearful cost to Major 
Growley. \Ve poor misguided ones have, for generations, thought 
that we had a good constitution, but it is all a mistake; even Algiers 
has a better one-as ours is but" a jumble of tyrannies." Nor 
does he give us any hope, since it is to run on " eternally and for- 
ever." A wful to contemplate! The Colonel whispered to 
at one period of the speech, " Rube, I don't believe 1'Iajor Growley 
loves us." 

AI ajor Grm.tlley's Great Speech. 


U The only Good Englishman is a Dead Onc. n 
" No, Colonel; but we will have to bear it alJ as best we can." 
Just when we were feeling the saddest, he turned his attention 
from us, and surprised us by saying that: " The only good English- 
man is a dead one." "Yes," said he, "I am an admirer of the 
English race of 50 years ago, not the pigmies of to-day." 
I could not but feel sad at this; it broke up a lot of my idols. 
Sìnce boyhood I had thought that Gladstone was great, that Lord 
Russell was a man of wonderful abilitv, that Lord Palmerston had a 
mind capable of worthy deeds, that Salisbury*, Rosebery, Balfou., 
and others among the present living statesmen of England, were 
men worthy of admiration; but not so, for Major Growley can go 
out almost any morning before breakfast, and " pick up from the 
streets of Ottawa, mechanics who could give pointers to those 
stupid little jackasses in the ministry in London." 
Now, isn't this sad! I will have to start all over and build 
up a new set of idols to worship! 
At this point I thought that the 
lajor had used up all of his 
material; he had consigned us poor misguided Americans to a 
climate even warmer than any point below the St. Lawrence, and 
had been more severe, if possible, with the British; but he had n.::>t 
used all his material, he stilI flowed on, like the brook. He re- 
turned to Canada, and demanded the instant resignation of one 
whom I had long looked upon as a man among the most capable 
in the Canadian ministry. Of course I had been mistaken, as I 
was in my admiration for the aforementioned English statesmen. 
I had been admiring a man whose place could be better filled by 
Major Growley's office boy-that is, of course, taking it for grant- 
ed that :Major Growley's office boy had attended strictly to busi- 
ness in picking up the stray bits of wisdom that had fallen from 
the brain-pan of his great master. 
Ah! me. I wished then that I had gone to " choir meeting." 
I know that my feelings could not have been more harassed than 
they were at that moment, at sight of my faIIen idols. 
lajor Growley having no more idols to break, 
and having put all the Ontario newspapers out of business, chang- 
ed and took up railroading, at $28 a minute. Ah, there's where he 
excelled! I could not but think that in the making of a states- 
man a good car conductor had been lost to Canada. 
To be Frozen to Death. 
Weare to be frozen to death. I can think of no part of 
1fajor Growley's $3,360 (120 minutes at $28 per minute, the cost 
to the Dominion Government), speech that will make a more 
fitting close to my sketch than this from his " railroad building-." 
He was wrought up to a high degree of oratory when he said: 

* Salj,:bury W.lS then living. 

27 0 

Ottawa, The Hub 

., Build railroads, gentlemen! Build railroads, build them in all 
parts of the Dominion. Railroads are vast civilizers; we need 
them in all portions of the country. We need them in the far 
North-west, we need them in my home town down east." 
"Hear, hear," and ., Right you are," from all parts of the 
" Yes, I say, gentlemen, build railroads, 100,000 miles of rail- 
roads; parallel 'em and cross 'em-they are better when crossed. 
Let us build one to the north pole, and with Captain Bernier as 
engineer, we could, in case of war, retreat-" 
" Never! never!" from some members. 
" Yes, but victory is often gained by retreat I" 
"Always, but 'victory' for the other fellows," from som.e 
more members, but the :l\Iajor paid no heed as he swung along. 
"Then when the summer-" 
" Never retreat in hot weather! " 
" Comes, we could retire-" 
" 1\ ever retire!" 
" To the north pole, run up our flag, and freeze the enemy to 
death, as did the Russians at l\10scow. Yes, gentlemen, I repeat 
it, build railroads. 'There's milyuns in it! I\lilyuns in it!'" 
Curtain fell, as the great speech ended, and we all silently 
moved away. 


Some Capital Stories. 
There are various excuses for telling a story or a joke, or giv- 
ing a bit of humor. The story may be old in the city of its ori- 
gin, yet new to the outside worid. It may be old to both, yet its 
origin unknown to the world. 
Ottawa has some excellent bits of humor and pleasantries, so 
good in themselves, that though old to its people, I will risk their 
newness to the general reader. 

" Alwa:ys to the {runt!" -A meeting was being held to take 
charge of a certain mayoralty election. The name of l\lr. X. was 
suggested for one of a committee. l\Ir. Y. arose and said: " :M r. 
Chairman, oi doan't think it advoiseabil to naminait a man who is 
nat prisint. He may not be wid us in sintemint an go agin us ahn 
principal. I objict to the naim of Mr. X until we foind if he's 
wid us in beath." 

The Great and Only Mr. Z.J s Historical Speech. 27 1 

Mr. X., who was" prisint," but had not been seen by Mr. Y., 
arose, and in great dignity of manner, said: " Af Misther Y. wad 
look behoind him as wull as furninst him, he wad see that John X. 
is always to the frunt!" 

U The half of yees. n -This same Mr. X. once called down 
into a sewer, which he was building, and asked of the men below, 
"How manny of yees ahr down thare?" "Three," came back 
the answer, "Wull, the half of yees cum up!" 

"Ahr ye down thare?n -At another time he called to his 
brother: "Pat, ahr ye down thare? Pat, I say, ahr ye down 
thare? Ah! wad ye listhen to me, Pat, ahr ye down thare? Af 
ye're nat thare, whoy the - doant ye say so, ahn not hov me 
waistin' me brith bawlin' out at yees? " 

The great and only Mr. Z.-Mr. X. has furnished many good- 
natured smiles, but he is not in the same" running" with Mr, Z., 
who, for flow of words, has possibly no equal in the Dominion. 
His use of words in their flow has become proverbial. Mr. Z. has 
collected a large fund of information, and instead of arranging it 
in some order, has thrown it indiscriminately into the great reser- 
voir under his hat, where it remains on tap. If he wants any of 
it, he simply opens the flood gate, and it pours out as free from 
order as it went in. He is severe in his invective, and few th
be who care to become the subject of his" philipics." One day a 
" subject" became the object at which this was hurled, with all 
the power that could be given to it by Mr. Z. "There sits a mon 
who, like Pontchus Poilot, demands his pound of flesh, a mon that 
Judas Iskariot would be ashamed to know by day, and afraid to 
meet in the dark." 
Historical Speech. 
In one of his literary flights he worked himself up by easy 
stages to this: " In the words of the immoral Shakespeare, in his 
Paradise Lost, ' A mon's a mon for a' that,' or like the great Sir 
Walter Dickens, in his Lays J\1iserables, ' Full manny a flower is 
born to blush unseen,' and yet it's nothing agin the flower. No, 
gintlemen, my candidate is ' a mon for a' that,' and I blush, though 
riot unseen, whin I think of those who oppose him. l\1y candi- 
date, gintlemen, is no ordinary candidate. He was wafted across 
the great ocean from the little isle where wan million freeman aft
foighting for their luberty. He came to save our fair city from 
the gulls and vultures He landed a poor, pinnyless boy, 
with only a dollar and a half to his name, and look at him to-day, 
a milyunare, wurth two hundred I and fifty thousand dollars. Vote, 
I say, in conclusion, vote for my candidate, and yu'll niver regret 
it." They voted and elected his candidate, but his candidate, pay- 

27 2 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

ing more attention to the social side than to his watch, only served 
a part of his term. 

Footprints of the Hand of Providence. 
At another time, speaking of the prosperity of the country, 
he said: "The footprints of the hand of Providence is seen on 
every side. Prosperity is rampant in the land, and the horn of 
plenty was never distended over so wide an area way. All busi- 
ness is good, for both consumer and consumed, for well you know 
that the greater the consumption the more there is consumed an- 
nually each year." 

The Caves of N epean Point, or the Captain of the 
Black Pirate Ship. 
Possibly his greatest flight of fancy occurred in another poii- 
tical speech. This flight had in it marks of real ability, and we 
cannot but wonder what 1\lr. Z. would have been had he one-half 
the education of many another holding high position, or as a writer 
of fiction. Said he, in part, by way of simile: "Sur Wilfred 
Laurier, our great Premier, has planted the tree of prosperity on 
Parliament Hill, and its branches have spread over the length and 
breadth of Canada, bringing peace, happiness and prosperity to 
the entire country. There is no more happy or prosperous coun- 
try to be found than Canada, from the rising of the sun to the 
going down thereof. But there was a black pirate ship, the cap- 
tain of which was Sur Charles Tupper, came out from the caves 
around N epean Point, floating a black flag, and endeavoured to 
pull up this tree of prosperity, but, gentlemen, I tell you, I tell 
you, that the country will not allow such a thing to be done!" He 
was right, and the tree is still casting its shadows " from the ris- 
ing of the sun to the going down thereof." 

a The Scarlet Robes of the Golden Sunset." 
Later.-During the campaign just closed there was no 
speaker who showed himself more the old time orator than l\1r. 
Z. We were fortunate in hearing one of his great efforts. In 
telling of it, I can give but the words, the fire of his moving ora- 
tory must be imagined. His similes rolled forth as a great vol- 
ume from an organ of music. As usual, he was sounding the 
praises of a great candidate, and that candidate's chances for r
ekction. Said he, in one of his loftiest flights: "They cannot 
defate him. It wad be as aisy to tare the crimson robes from the 
golden sunsit, as to pull from off his placidyus brow, the crOWl1 
of maple leaves." At this writing, both the Sun and Mr. Z.'s can- 
didate are wearing their usual adornments, the one his "crimson 
robes," the other his "crown of maple leaves." 

U Ze Old Vun 'vaz ze Yung Vu,n.n 


Market Morning.-Ottawa has two markets, one on Lyon anù 
Sparks Streets, the other in Lower Town, on York Street. To 
this latter the Colonel and I went one morning. It was quite en- 
tertaining, and not unlike the old market at home, only that we 
heard more kinds of language. 

" The Spring Chickens." -One buyer was going up and down 
among the wagons, hunting for a brace of spring chickens. Spring 
chickens were scarce that morning. He could find but two, whi
he finally had to take at $1.10. They were dropped into his bas- 
ket, and the $1.10 transferred to the farmer, who was still pro- 
testing that they were cheap enough. ,. Cheap!" said the buyer. 
" Cheap! I can't see it; $1.10 for two spring chickens! How 
can you say they are cheap ?" "They are very cheap; just think 
of the grain I've had to feed them for the past three years !" But 
he had the $1.10. 

U Ze Old Vun 
'a::; ze Yung Vun. n 
A little further along, a grocer was pricing two dressed hogs, 
one large and the other small. The farmer was trying to explain 
that the little one was older than the big one. "Ze leetle vun vaz 
ze beeg vun, ze beeg vun vaz ze leetle vun, because" -but he 
didn't get to the finish of his explanation, as his wife came to his 
rescue. "Go yay pack, ze chentleman could nevaire dell vat you 
zay" and turning to the grocer began: " He doan mean ze leetle 
vun is ze beeg vun, he mean zet ze old vun is ze peeg vun. He 
nevaire ze English vill spake. I have to ze mairkeet to cum 
evaire da to spik ze English to ze peep Ie, zay nevaire unerstan vat 
he zay to zem. ., Ze leetle vun vuz ze beeg vun; bah!" as she 
threatened to throw at him a small red beet, but she did not throw 
it; it might have spoiled the beet, and she was frugal. 

Edward got the Place. 
The Prime Minister is very popular. Some of the shanty- 
men, who seldom hear what is going on in the world, seem to feel 
content to let Laurier run it-the world-to suit himself. 
When Queen Victoria died, and the Prince of Wales was 
made King Edward, a shantvman, on hearing the news, and think- 
ing that the Hon. W. C. was the "Edward," exclaimed, " Ze 
Queen vas dedi She vas vun gud Queen; evaire body love ze 
Queen. Who get ze place now?" "Edward-he gets ze place." 
" :My, my, but she must have ze beeg pull vit ze Laurier! " 

Follows the Medical Profession.-When the Canadian boys 
were in London, just after the S011th African war, they were 
treated royally. Nothing was too good for th(" soldiers who nad 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

shown their; marvellous bravery on the field, and their good nature 
in camp. All doors and all hearts were open to them. There 
,,"cre some Ottawa boys among the number, one in particular whose 
charm of manner is proverbial, a young man whose address would 
at once be remarked. It was remarked by one of the nobility, 
who sought him out and engaged him in conversation. By way of 
preface, I will say that among other things, he was interested in 
the undertaker's business. 
" You ah a wonderful people, you Canidians ! You always 
have money. I suppose you are all enguiged in business and the 
profashions. I would judge you were a profashional. l\Iay I 
ahsk what profashion you follow?" 
"\Vell," said the young Ottawan, in a dignified manner, ., I 
am engaged in a number of things, but I mostly follow the medical 
profession !" 
" Ah, and which school?" 
" All of them-all of them, my Lord!" 

U Off to a Better Warid." 
For downright, unconscious humor, commend me to tILe 
Ottawa business man. A druggist-but even better known 
as a politician-got out a calendar. It was a fine calendar. There 
was a large, full-grown angel carrying upward from the earth a 
beautiful young maiden. On one side of the picture was: " I sell 
drugs." Then beneath the picture was, " Off to a better world." 

U A Full Hand." 
I told you how well informed the conductors and motormen 
are. They are quick at repartee as well. " One evening thr
gentleman and two ladies," says an "Old Saw" who saw it, "ail 
well-known Ottawans, entered a Bank Street car. The gentlemen 
were full of spirit (not the plural). The gallant doing the honors, 
produced five tickets, which he arranged like a hand at cards, and 
a5 the conductor approached, remarked: "A full hand!" "Y èS, 
I see," said 42, "a full hand; three jacks and two queens." (The 
Colonel says the term is one used in a certain game of cards play- 
ed in Renfrew). 
U We'll Toss for the Next!" 
Two Ottawans were out together. One was English, the 
other was Scotch All day long one of the two had been paving 
the bills, and was allowed to pay without question until quite late, 
when conscience-if he had one-said, " My friend is most gen
OllS, and yet 'tis not fair that he should do all the paying," and 
then aloud to his friend: " I've been thinking, you have paid every 
bill to-day. Now, 'tis not fair, so we'll toss for the next!" 

Rube and the Colonel Run to a Fire. 


The Colonel asked me: "Rube, did you find which was 
which ?" 
" Yes, Colonel, but I promised not to tell," and yet, I fear me 
that I will be accused of being too personal in my story. 

Well, den, '00 det de dust-pan." 
Even the Ottawa babies could furnish some good ones ivr 
this chapter. Irene, aged three, had been going to Sunday School, 
and sitting with "mamma," who thought the little ones should 
go into a class, so one day" mamma" said: 
" Irene, if you go to Sunday school to-day, you must go into 
Mr. R.'s class." 
" I don't want to do in IVIister R.'s tlass!" 
Irene, mamma says you must, or you cannot go with her 
" Well, den, I will do in de tlass," she said, and the tears were 
very near the surface, as she continued: " J\Iamma, I dist don't see 
what Dod made J\Iister R. for anyhow," but she went. 
Another day, as she sat playing with htr dolly, her mother 
said: " Irene, run and get the dust-pan for mamma." 
" No, I tant do; dolly wants me to play wif her! " 
" Oh! Irene," said the mother, with a whole volume of sadness 
in her voice, "will my little girl refuse to do this for mamma? 
You know mamma always does things for you when you ask her." 
"Well, den, '00 det de dust-pan!" 

Rube's Ottawa Sweetheart-aged n'lne. 
:My Ottawa sweetheart (aged 9) was making love to my rival 
(aged 65), when I protested, and wanted her to " save a little for 
me." I shall never forget her pretty brown eyes, as she asked: 
" Do you think a little would satisfy you?" with a great deal of 
coquettish emphasis on the "little." \\There children are in ques- 
tion, I must admit that I like the love unlimited. 


On the basis that" Practice makes perfect," Ottawa should 
have good fire protection, and so it has, else there would not be so 
much of it left after its many great fires, the greatest of which was 
imported from Hull in 1900. This particular fire was so vast in 
extent, that the engines of all Canada might have played on it 
with about the same effect as a summer shower on a prairie fire, 
and yet Chief Prevost turned it, and kept it from the main part 

27 6 

Ottazc}a, The Hub. 

of the city. The Colonel and I were desirous of seeing the work- 
ing of the system, and mentioned to the Chief: " You see, Chief," 
said I, "we have heard so much about your fire men, that we 
would like to see them at work." 
" Rube, as you are not a bad sort, even though a little-well, 
no matter. As I was going to say, I will try and arrange to have 
you see what the boys can do." 
He did, but I never could have asked him to have a $5 0 ,000 
fire just to let us see how the boys worked; but there's nothing 
small about the Chief, except the number of his men (54), and 
inside of a week we had the finest fire I had seen since Jones' 
brewery burned down, and as I had no furniture in the building 
or stock in the company, I enjoyed seeing it almost as much as ,-he 
prohibitionists did that fire of Jones'. What we did object to 
though, was to have the Chiefs' alarm wake us at two o'clock in 
the morning. \Ve rise early, but there is a limit, and that limit is 
not two a.m. There was no help for it, and almost as soon as I'm 
tdling you, the Colonel and I were on our way to the fire, which, 
by this time (owil1g to the turpentine, oil and other things con- 
ducive to a real gool fire of the bright cheery sort), was makbg 
Ottawa's electric light system look like 29 cents on account. 
Now, as this is not for the morning papers, I will not go into 
detail, further than to say that I never before watched a fire that 
I did not feel it my duty to tell the Chief just how to conduct it. 
And yet, as I told Prevost next day, I conducted this fire by tele- 
pathy. Why, every time I saw what should be done I thought, 
and the Chief had it done so promptly, that I was surprised to see 
how well my system (telepathy) worked, and his system was so 
perfect that the fire was confined to the one large building, and 
that, too, with frame houses around, and a good strong breeze 
blowing, with occasional explosions of the turpentine, which added 
greatly to the excitement of the occasion. 

Police so Nice and Kind up Here. 
The wonder to us was to see how the boys could work in 
smoke so dense that it might have been cut into slices and sold by 
the pound while we often had to run from it, from our position 
across the street. Yes." across the street," for the police are so 
. nice and kind up here, that they allow everybody to get right into 
the fire, if thev have a mind to, and can stand the heat, and never 
say a word. 'So different down home, where one don't dare go 
néar the building for a week after the fire; but, then, for th-at 
matter, the police here haven't come to feel that there is but one 
people, and that they are "It." They have, when occa"ion demands 
lots of "backbone," but are never" chesty," and you just can't 
help liking them. 

Fire Protection. 


" Rube," said the Colonel, when he had read this over, " I see 
that you haven't said a word about that other early alarm you re- 
sponded to that morning so hastily." 
"What alarm?" I asked. 
"That three, three, three, nine." 
"That was before I had learned the different sounds of :he 
bells, and the numbers of the alarm; besides, it might be better for 
us all, if we responded more frequently to the" three, three, three, 
nine," as another sort of "fire protection." \Vhich reminds me 
that in speaking of 

Fire Protection, 
I will give a few things along the fire line for the benefit of the 
Ottawans who do not even know what an excellent system they 
have. Ottawa has nine engine houses, equipped with every pos- 
sible device, even down to the little things, and all of the latest in- 
ventions. These are the important things :-Three ladder trucks: 
one Gleason & Bailey 8s-feet aerial truck, and two 56-feet portable 
extension ladders; nine hose wagons, with 20,000 feet of hose; one 
La France Company, Elmira, N.Y., and two \Vaterous, Brantford, 
Ont., fire engines; thirty-six "race" horses (you'd think so if 
you saw them), twenty-six portable fire extinguishers; not to 
mention the hundreds of yards of salvage covers, and all other- 
possible fire paraphernalia which would come under the head of 
"little things." Then, there are 900 fire hydrants on Is-inch 
(mostly) water mains, with a water pressure of 45 to 100 pounds. 
The pressure is sufficient for most fires, so that the engines are 
seldom used. $75,000 is being spent this year on making the main 
system a perfect one. In 1902 there were 266 alarms responded 
and right here is proof of the efficiency of the service. The 
total loss from all fires during the year was but $135,270. 
The long service of some of the firemen is quite remarkable. 
Chief Prevost has been in 21 years. First in l\10ntreal, and 7 
years at the head of the service in Ottawa. Thomas StanfOi-d, 
Senior Assistant Chief, has been a fireman here for 29 years, and 
James Latimer, Assistant Chief, 27 years. The two assistants 
have charge, one of the west, the other of the east, end of the city, 
while Chief Prevost lives in the centre, and responds to all calls. 
Yes, OUa wa has a better fire system than even its own people 

Otta7.Vans AI atter of Fact PeoPle. 
Then, they are so matter of fact about their fires. The post 
office burned one night. but as it started in the upper storys, they 
kept right on with their work on the first floor, and before 
" things" fell in, the work was all done, all mail matter and move- 
ables taken out-not a single " make-up" for outgoing trains was 

27 8 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

missed, while next morning one would not have known that there 
had been a fire, as the morning mail was on time as usual, the 
" post office" having been removed after midnight to the Parlia- 
ment Buildings. I thought this quick work, but when-less than 
four weeks later-they were back in the old office, I felt that Lhe 
Post Office Department might give us a number of points -:)n 
speed. Why, the next morning a corps of workmen, like bees for 
numbers, were clearing out the hot debris; these were followed 
by carpenters, plumbers and other builders, and as I said, less than 
four weeks from the fire, that had left little but the bare stone 
walls, the mail was again being handled in its old quarters as 
usual. There is little red tape in the Post Office Department 
under Sir William Mulock. If things are to be done, there is little 
question about the doing with Sir William, This office is under 
Postmaster Mr. J. A. Gouin, with :Mr. E. B. Bates as a most 
capable assistant, and a corps of helpers who know and do their 
duty. At the time of the fire, one man; l\Ir. W. O. JHercer. work- 
ed with no rest for thirty-six hours. 
By town Fire Brigades. 
" Big difference, Colonel, between the old and the new way 
of fire fighting, here as well as elsewhere." 
"What do you know about the fire companies of old By town 
days?" asked the Colonel. 
" About all that Paul Favreau (the oldest fireman in Canada) 
ex-Chief W m. Young, Fred. Proderick, and others of the old boys 
know," said I, and then I told him how that away back in 1842, 
the" l\futuals " was the first company. It was in Upper Town. 
The" Alliance" came next, in 1845, in Lower Town. Both, of 
course, were hand engines worked by volunteers. The water was 
supplied by the " puncheon men," who were paid-the first one to 
reach the fire, $2.00-and 25 cents for subsequent barrels. The 
race to get there first often resulted in almost empty barrels, either 
by reason of little water at the start, or jolted out on the way. 
No matter, the first barrel drew the $2.00, even though thl:1 engine 
drew but a pail of water from it at the end. 
In 1847, John Langford joined the Mutuals and became Chief. 
In 1853, the corporation purchased three engines-the "Cha.l- 
diere," " Ottawa," and "Rideau." The first-named was given to 
the "l\1utuals," which then took the name of the engine. The 
" Ottawa" and" Rideau" were manned by companies under their 
About this time two hook and ladder companies were formed 
in Upper and in Lower Town, and took the names of the two dis- 
As the city grew, another engine, the" Queen," was pur- 

The Colonel J the TO'1natoes and the Dog. 279 

The " Rideau," " Queen," and Lower Town hook and ladder 
companies were composed exclusively of French residents, the 
other companies of English speakers. 
Up to 1867 the companies were managed on the go-as-yon- 
please plan. That year the corporation assumed some authority 
over them, and appointed a chief and deputy chief, who were to 
have full command over all. John Langford was made chief, and 
Paul Favreau deputy. 
The various companies had, at that time, the following num- 
ber of men: The" Chaudiere," 60 men; " Ottawa," 60; " Rideau," 
40; "Queen," 40; Lower Town hooks and ladders, 25; Central 
hooks and ladders, 25. In aU. 250. 
In I872, John Langford resigned, and Wm. Young was made 
Chief, having been a member of the Upper Town hook and laddèr 
company since 1859. 
Chief Young at once made a business matter of fire fighting, 
visiting cities in Canada, and the larger ones of the United States. 
The fir
t steam fire engine-the" Conqueror," from Merry- 
weather & Sons, London, England-was the beginning of a new 
era for Ottawa. The engine reached the city after much delay, 
in January, 1874. l\Iany an Ottawan will remember the" Con- 
queror" and "anti-Conqueror" factions. "It is too heavy," 
said the antis. "J ust right," said the others. 
Next the" Ottawas" were voted a Silsby engine, which was 
so trim and nice that it was called the" John Heney," after a very 
popular alderman, who, at 85, is quite as popular as ever. 
The" Chaudiere's " turn came next, and a Hislop & Roland, 
Chatham, Ont., steamer was given them. 


The Colonel and I have had many choice bits of experience 
in and around Ottawa during our wanderings, bvt just at the 
moment I cannot think of one other that took up so much of our 
time, not that we were particularly busy that afternoon, but we 
never like to actually give precious moments unless something is 
accomplished, and really, I can't, even yet, see what we gained 
by the wasted hours, and waste them we certainly did. Yes, just 
sat 'round in that tree from early afternoon until the moon was 
weUup. We didn't have a thing to do but just sit there. If we 
had only gotten down and played a game of MU11'lblepeg, it would 
have been a restful change, but we did not think of it-at least 
we did not get down to play the game. "What 'lUere 'lUe doing in 
the tree?JJ Pardon me, I had forgotten that you did not know. 
I knew so well that I thought you'd know about it. "Tell you?" 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

\Vell, you see, it was the day the Colonel and I were over there 
back of Ottawa East. \Nhile going leisurely along viewing tl:.e 
beauties of the Rideau River, and taking in bits of scenery and 
other things that were not fastened down, we passed a tomato 
patch near a farm house. There being no wire fence that day, 
the Cotonel began hunting for a " ripe one," but just as he found 
it, the farmer ran out, gesticulating and saying something in 
French, while unchaining a nice large dog which he had in the 
" \Vhat is he saying, Rube," asked the Colonel. as we started 
for a wide branching tree, fortunately not too far away. 
" I think, Horatius, that he is telling us that we can find riper 
tomatoes over where he is;' but we didn't go over to see, as we 
were both busy, just then, seeing if we couldn't reach that tree 
before the dog. It was almost an even race, but we got there 
first. Not very much first, but enough to save having to w
patches. I don't know when I have seen a dog that could run like 
that one. He looked big and clumsy, but he wasn't; no, not even 
a little bit clumsy. He was, in fact, real fleet. It was only the 
handicap of distance which lost him the race. About half a foot 
less and he had been the winner. 
That farmer may have been French as to language, but he 
certainly had one of the best English laughs I've heard iri Ottawa. 
I know, for as we looked back to where he was standing, he was 
busy using that laugh, just as though it were a real pleasure to 
him. \Ve looked in all directions, but neither the Colonel nor I 
could' see a single thing in sight to laugh at, but there that French 
farmer stood holding his sides and "haw-hawing" in excelle,lt 
English, without even an accent in the" haw-haw:' He did look 
so foolish to us as we sat in that tree trying to make friends with 
his dog, but that dog wouldn't get sociable, no matter what oNe 
said to him. \Ve learned afterwards that the beast was French, 
and we had wasted all our pet names on him. And yet, while 
he may not have been a sociable dog, he had some rare qualities, 
and not least among those qualities was his patience. I have 
known intimately many dogs in my life, but at the moment, I can- 
not recall one that had more patience, one who seemed to realty 
enjoy having patience, so much as that one. He never once got 
tired waiting. Several times during the afternoon we thought he 
was asleep, but he wasn't asleep at all: No, he was just a good 
patient watchdog, with pressing business to attend to, and never 
once neglected his duty for a minute during the hours he spent 
with us. We will furnish him with a "character" to this effect 
should his master ever come. for one. We may furnish his master 
with other things, but that's not in this story. 
Our landlady said that evening, that next time we were so late 
to tea that we could just go to the restaurant. We explained that 

Rube and the Colonel go to the Fair. 


we had' been to the restaurants, but that they were all closed. And 
to think, too, we had to eat those tomatoes without salt. 
a How did 'lC!e get away?1J 
Oh, yes; I must tell you. It's the best part of the storv, at 
any rate the part we most enjoyed. \Vell, long about - o'clock 
p.m., we saw the whole police force of Ottawa East coming along, 
under full sail, our way. It was out on dress parade, or else look- 
ing for something to arrest. It does so like to arrest things that 
it even goes out after dark looking for them. It is such' a fearless 
body! Just as it reached our tree, it saw the dog, and stopped- 
stopped short, did that whole police force of Ottawa East. "Ha, 
ha," i
 said, as it saw that moon-bathed dog, " ha, ha, oud widoud 
yer ml1ssle! Ve dinks ve viII arrest yu, und led yu to dur bound, 
vunce quvick!" It stopped, as if in a deep study, how best to 
make its" arresd." The Colonel saw its quandary, and called 
down in a sepulchral tone: " Surround him, Charlie! Surround 
him!" It started to say "Ha, ha" again, but that patient dog 
started first, at the same time beginning to rise up. Now, while 
that dog was French by birth, he must have been English by ac- 
cent, for in his "Ra, ha!" he dropped both hs and ran the aas to- 
gether, with a peculiar nasal accent all his own, and the combin- 
ation was too much for the" force." It started full speed out 
into the" somewhere," with the dog a good second. "I reckon," 
said the Colonel, as we got down out of the tree to watch the 
race, "I reckon Charlie 'clinks' he is leading our dog- to the 
ponnd to arresd him for not wearing his muzzle." We never 
learned which got there first, as we were too much occupied in 
reaching a point in the opposite direction. And that's how we got 
away from that tree in Ottawa East. 


Thev had a " Fair" in Ottawa while we were there. It was 
the regti'lar old-fashioned "Fair," with its fine horses, cattl
hogs, sheep, hens and rain; it's" hit-the-nigger-and-gct-a-cigar " 
fair; red lemonade, peanuts, and-well, they had them all-and a 
number of other things thrown in to give you the full value for 
your money; but with them all they didn't call it a Fair. It was 
an "Exhibition." 
"Fairs," said I, have been relegated, with the " Jays" and 
" J ayesses " who used to attend them." 
"Rube," asked the Colonel, "don't you feel lonesome?" I 
didn't reply, I could see no reason for his query. 
" Colonel," said I, "had you asked that question at the last 
Fair-Exhibition-I went to in Canada. I should have said' ye<;.' 
Did I ever tell you about it? No? Well, I was in a town one 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

day where was being held one of these exhibitions. I was alone, 
and whenever I am alone, I want to talk to someone around. That 
day I had to soliloquize, I tried to talk to everybody in sight, but 
no one could even tell me if the weather was good or bad, or If 
the crops needed rain; no, they all shrugged their shoulders, and 
referred me, with outstretched arms, to 'Sapon.' I hunted the 
grounds over for Mr. ' Sapon,' or any of his family, but none of 
them were there that day, and I wandered on among the big 
pumpkins, cabbages and beets, and felt lonesome. I did see a 
man who looked like he might be able to hold up one end of a con- 
versation, and boldly asked: ' Can you talk?' " 
" Yes, you-why do you ask?" he replied. discourteously. 
., Just wanted to see if you could, that's all!" I wasn't 
going to talk with him; he was so rude, and said emphatic things 
too emphatically. 
" Well, I finally went over to the poultry department, to get 
back my spirits and break up that lonesome feeling. I tell you, 
Colonel, I felt at home among those chickens." 
" \iVhat! At home amongst chickens! How's that?" 
"Of course, and why not? They were the only things on 
the ground that I could understand. They cackled their lays and 
crowed their crows in most excellent English! \'Vhat was it, 
Colonel, you were saying about the Jays?" 
No (( ] a)'s" at the Fair. 
Speaking of "Jays" and "Jayesses," if the funny magazine 
man had to depend for his pictures upon an Ottawa Fair for sub- 
jects, he would have to go out of business the first season. This 
is no jolly, but a fact. The people, even from the backwoods 
country, were well dressed, and appeared at their ease amongst 
city folk. I made special enquiry as to the why, and was told that 
dress and education have become so general that the remotest 
corner of the country has good schools, and the people well 
dressed. They even claim that the Province of Ontario has as 
fine a school system as there is in the world, and teachers, too, who 
are educated to teach; and while they receive better nav than 111 
the Province of Quebec, they do not receive pay enough, and the 
supply is falling away, the bright young Canadian girls seeking 
positions in other channels. 

(( Made in Canada." 
vVherever we went, in any part of the grounds, from en- 
trance to exit, we were met with the placard: " 1Iade in Canada." 
There were more things at that Exhibition than I had once 
thought were made in all Canada. 
I wished that you people at home and in Europe who imagine 
that Canada is an icy wilderness, could have been here to see 

Rube Buys a l'vlicroscope. 

28 3 

everything, from beautiful oil-paintings down, or up to, a plough, 
made right here in this land of natural beauty and manufa
necessities. vVhy, bless you, the Colonel and I are commg to 
think of it as the "wonderland" we used to read about. I may 
some day write you a story: .. Rube in \V on?erland." I.t w
beat " Alice" herself-if the land had anythmg to do wIth It. 
" Rube, come on; this is not that other Fair. You don't' need 
to stand round and soliloquize, or listen to the ., lays" of the 
Rube Buys a Microscope. 
" No, nor am I a . Rube-corne-on,' even though that microscope 
man in the main building did, yesterday, sell me that valuable 
glass which made a living, moving ocean out of a drop of water, 
as long as he was there, and through which I couldn't have seen 
a cow when I got to the boarding house. Queer how things 
change after you buy them!" 
" Yes, I saw him change that glass as soon as he got your 
money, but I thought it a good lesson to you, so did not speak cf 
it at the time. Was it " Jays" you were soIiIoquizing about, and 
saying there were none on the ground?" I only looked at him, 
as we reached the main building, where we stopped to see the 
prettiest exhibit on the ground, just to the right of the entrance. 
I twas 
Shurly and Dietrich's Sawso 
" Rube, these are none of your old saws/' as we stood in frot1Ì 
of the beautiful display. 
" I suppose, Colonel, you consider that a cutting remark, but 
it's a long Distons from being so." 
"No," said the handsome young man from Galt, who only 
heard part of my remark, " these are not Diston's; we beat Distol1 
himself at the vVorld's Fair in Chicago, and can beat the world- 
and " :Made in Canada " too, made in the J\lanchester of Canada, 
" Where's Galt?" 
U Where's Galt! \Vhere are you from, anyhow, not to know 
the most famous town in Canada! Why, it's 57 miles west of 
Toronto, on the Canadian Pacific. Oh, I see; you are Yankees, 
ain't you? Well, you are excusable; the smoke of your Pitts- 
burgs has been, up to now, clouding our smokestacks, but weore 
building them so high that we'll make you see them before long." 
As he promised to send us a picture of his display of saws, of 
every conceivable style, from one of a few inches to a "band" of 
50 feet long, we forgave him for his boast over us. He even 
showed us one he called the "l\laple Leaf Greyhound," which 
cut through a two foot hardwood block in 28 seconds,' when I saw 
that I could not but sigh for the wasted hours I had spent "riding" 
the old fashioned variety down on the Ohio farm, where I worked 

2 8 4 

Ottmva, The Hub. 

for three a dav. "Three what?" asks the Colonel. " l\:leaìs, 
what do you S
tppose!" And even then the farmer said he lost 
money. Now, he never would have said that if S. and D. had 
Í11Yented the "lVlaple Leaf" earlier in life. 
Both Shurly and Dietrich were once with the Diston's, in 
Philadelphia, where they learned all they could, and then came to 
Canada to improve on that old firm's mode of business. They 
must have come near doing so, as vide Chicago Fair. 
Nearly everywhere the Colonel and I go about the country, 
we see on the fences 
U Karn is King." 
We had often wondered who Karn was, and why he was 
" King" -we found out at the Fair. 'VVhen we stood round Ùle 
Karn section, and listened to the pianos and organs, from reed to 
pipe, we could then hear why " Karn is King." 
" Where are these made in Canada?" we asked of the stylish 
" At Woodstock." 
" 'VVhere's Woodstock?" Say, I wish I had that young man's 
photograph, taken at that moment. Both look and pose would 
have made a picture for the family album, to be shown later on 
with: " This is my cousin, taken one day in 0 ttawa when shocked 
by two ignorant Yankees-you jist otter hear him plav the pianner 
tho." He finally came to, and told' us that it was on the Canadian 
Pacific, 88 miles west of Toronto. 
Canada has so many lakes and rivers that in no part of the 
world is boating and canoeing so popular. And in no part of the 
world are the boat and canoe builders so proficient as up here. 
Even knowing this, we had no conception of the extent to which 
the business is carried until we went round to the Peterborough 
Canoe Company's exhibit, and talked with the one in charge. So 
familiar are this company's canoes that the very town itself has, 
through them, become known over the world-and especially so 
to the hunters and fishers who come to Canada. A Peterborough 
boat or canoe is like a watch labelled " Waltham," it don't need 
any other commendation. . 
We next went over and watched little Miss Deitz, a graduate 
of the 
1etropolitan, run off 100 words a minute on a typewriter, 
without looking at the keys, which for that matter were coverèd 
over. She was writing a very" touching" little story about how 
this machine is beating all others. 
The Oliver Typewriter-Oliver Born in Canada. 
And speaking 'Of "Made in Canada," and typewriters, the 
manufacture of the famous Oliver is becoming a great industry 
in this country, and just here I will say that all over Canada new 
factories are starting up, not only to manfacture the inventions 

it Made in Canada." 

28 5 

of the Canadians themselves (and there are up here some world- 
famed inventors-vide Bell, of the telephone, and Edison's parents 
were Nova Scotians), but the excellent things of other countries 
are now being made here. The Linotype, on which these words 
will be set, is now made in Canada. A large company went to 
the States to look over the typewriters, and chose the Oliver as 
the best in the field. And by the way, Oliver himself is a Canadi;ln 
from VV oodstock. 
Some of our great agricultural implement manufacturers are 
establishing immense plants in Canada. As we wandered around 
the grounds of this great Exposition, it was hard to believe that 
we were not looking over that in one of our own great cities. 
The foregoing are but a few of the hundreds of exhibits. 
I give them but as illustrations of what is " l\Iade in Canada." 
An Old Page Turns V t. 
On the way over to lVlachinery Hall, I was carried, in mind, 
back to the old Ohio farm, by seeing the placard, the Page Wire 
Fence Company. "Oh," said I, "Colonel, here's something at 
last not made in Canada;" they had to send to us for the 'Page.' 
with which the old farm is fenced-and I don't blame them, for 
they can't beat it." But when 'vV. E. Fairbairn handed me h1s 
card, bless you, there it was on one corner, "IvLI.C." " What," 
said I, " this too?" Fairbairn being a member of my family--of 
readers-saw the point, and replied: " Yes, Rube, this too. The 
demand for the best fence in the world was so great up here, that 
we had to build a factory over in vValkerville, Ont., where fences 
and other things strong are made. Have one?" 
"Well, I don't care if I do!" said the Colond, a little off his 
guard for the moment, and thinking that Fairbairn meant another 
 \Valkerville article. But he didn't mean that at all, no, 
he meant" Have a booklet," with which the Colonel was already 
loaded. From this particular booklet I learned that the Page is 
strung from Cape Breton to Vancouver. Well, no wonder it's 
a " M. I. C." 

Rube Finds Something Superior from Home. 
As we leisurely strolled through :Machinery Hall, looking at 
patent churns and things, and talking at the upper end of our 
voices to be heard above the din of canines in the .. Dog Show" 
in the next room, my eye caught" Superior." And again I went 
back to the old home, for that name is so attached to Springfield, 
Ohio, that I never see it without sending a wireless telegram. The 
message may not be received, as the one going away often holds 
the only working end o'f the" wireless." or if there be one at the 
other end, it is seldom toned up to the receiving tension. 
But there was" Superior," and soon there was I, looking at 
the best drill-grain drill-in the world, for it was our own and 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

only. I exclaimed" 11. 1. 0." (l\lade in Ohio). I was so de- 
lighted to see it that even the unhappy times I had to " drill" for 
three meals per day seemed now very delightful days. 
It isn't the dog, but the memories that" even a dog from 
home" bring up. "Colonel, let's stop at ' Ohio,' " and we did- 
stopped looking at the" M:. 1. C.'s," and went to the show part 
of the Fair. I don't know how our fairs are now conducted, as 
it has been years since I attended one, but they are different up 
here. The racing is entirely separate, but then as a " continuous 
performance," with fireworks at night, are provided, no one ob- 
jt:-cts to the " extra for Grand Stand." It is a feature that if not 
taken Ui' by the management at home, it should be, as it adds both 
to the enjoyment of the people and to the balance sheet of the 
H on. W. C. Edwards' E.1:hibit of Cattle. 
To this Central Canada Exhibition much is due for the im- 
proved live stock seen all throughout the Ottawa Valley. As facts 
count for more than assertions, it may be well to speak of actual 
values of some of the live stock. Ron. \V. C. Edwards had a 
large number of shorthorn cattle at this Exhibition, from his Pine 
Grove Stock Farm, at Rockland, on the Ottawa. One cow alol1e 
is valued at $6,000: 11issie, 153. Rer full brother, l\larquis of 
Benda, is equally, or more valuable. Rer yearling heifer calf at 
$2,000; present, bull calf at same price. 
Ron. 11r. Edwards' herd of 175 animals are all high graùe 
in character and breeding. It is the best herd in this country, and 
equalled but by three others in the world. This is a fact worth 
making a note of by those who don't know of this wonderland. 
The New York Judge at the Dog Show. 
\Ve were about to leave that part of the grounds, when we 
chanced to pass the dog show building. 
" Listen, Colonel," said I, stopping, " what is the awful com- 
motion inside?" 
"Let's go in and see" said he, and we threw two dimes 
" to the dogs," and went in. \Ve hadn't got more than through 
the outer show room when we saw a poor innocent looking man 
cornered up trying his utmost to talk to ci room full of jesticulating 
women, who were talking in the same register, and all talking at 
the same time. Poor man, I wondered what he had done. I was 
sure' he was a pickpocket or had tried to slay scme one. Finally 
I could catch an occasional sentence, and then I learned the why of 
the riot. 
" What do vou know about dogs, anyhow? ,. said the Amazon 
with a Prince Charles. 
"You come here from Xew York to judge dogs when you 
don't know a bull pup from a 11antle China! " 

The Colonel and the Baby Show. 

28 7 

The maTI tried to say something, but I could only catch a 
few of his words, such as "more-racket" -"bull"-"china"- 
"shop !". I could not see the meaning of his stray words. 
A woman next me was saying to a real pretty little thing, 
but without any "points :" "Yes ittle one we'll do straight home 
-that awful New York animal says that ugly cur inside is bet- 
ter than 00. He don't know anything "-then she kissed the 
"ittle one." 
"Come on Rube, it's nothing. I see it all. The imported 
Judge has simply given a lot of wrong decisions, that's all! He 
will never dare to come here again." 
"How do you know he has given wrong decisions? " 
" How do I know? \Yhy man, are you stone deaf? Can't 
you hear the women telling him that he has? " 

Why the Colonel Left Home. 
On the way back from the Fair the Colonel got confidential 
and said, " Rube, did I ever tell you why I left my native city? 
No? Well, the judge's experience at the show brought it vividly 
back to my mind. I was at one time called the most popular man 
in my town. Now understand, Rube, I'm not boasting, I'm simply 
telling you what they called me during my most popular days. 
I dare not think of what they called me later on, but at the time 
I'm telling you of, I could have had the town if I had asked for 
it. I could get any office I wanted, all the money from the bank 
I needed, nothing went on but I was atthe head or close by, help- 
ing run it. In short they gave me to understand that I was "I t/' 
and for a time I believed them. Well, some idiot in town had a 
haby, which he was sure was without the remotest doubt the pret- 
tiest, the cunningest, the sweetest
 the plumpest, the fairest, the all 
roundest baby that ever happened in all Ohio, and this idiot was 
its father and it was his first and only. He proposed 

A Baby Show, 
and as the town and country were full of other idiots, and every 
one with the same hallucination, his proposition was received 
with general approbation, and the show was held. Babies poured 
in from every nook and corner of the town and country, fat babic3, 
lEan babies, tall babies, stout babies, red headed, white, red, and 
eyen black babies were cuddled, truddled into town for that show. 
It was on Thursday of the County Fair. You never saw such 
a crowd before or since in that town! 
" All was in readiness when the question arose: "\Vho will 
be the Judge? " If I had ever doubted my popularity before, all 
doubt was thrown to the wind when almost in one voice the fond 
parents called out "Colonel Horatius I-Colonel Horatius!" 
Say. Rube, I felt for a few moments that: "This is the happiest 


Ottawa J The Hub. 

period of my life." It did prove to be a " period," but the short- 
est--and has extended the longest of my life. I consented and 
judged that baby show. I picked out a real genuine little 
beauty from the remote part of the County, but every other idiot 
on that ground, with a baby, set up such an ado, and called me 
so many odd names that before night I wondered who I was any- 
how. Well, that was the end of my popular dreams in that 
County. I could not have been elected after that for pound keeper, 
and could not have borrowed a thing but trouble, and of that I had 
more already than I needed. I finally left town and have be
back but once since. Take my advice, Rube, if evt-r you get to 
thinking you are I t J remember my experience and refuse all offers 
of a Judgeship at a baby show." And the Colonel actually sighed 
in remembrance. 
W o1l1dn J t Take the Tickets. 
Before the Fair was over the Colonel agreed to not mention 
my purchase of the microscope-and this is why. One afternoon 
there was a great rush for the Grand Stand as a special attraction 
wa5 "on." No one could get near the ticket office but those who 
were there already and they couldn't get away. "Tickets"- 
"Tickets," called out a man standing near the entrance. "Here 
give me two and be quick about it! " said the Colonel, and inside 
of a minute we were inside of the vortex, being pushed along to 
the ticket taker. "Here you there-come back, this is no board- 
ing tent!" And then he held up the two tickets the Colonel had 
gone and purchased for a " hot dinner." As we fought our way 
out everybody stopped long enough to laugh. I would not 50 
much have minded it, but the Colonel, when asked,. by a news- 
paper man, said he was from Hull. I didn't like it a bit as I am 
very partial to Hull. \Vhen finally we got our tickets and seats, 
and sort 0' "between the acts," whom should we see near us, en- 
joying it all to the full, but the Old Citizen's brother, with his 
brother's information distributor in good working order. 
The Old Citizen J s Brother. 
" I was just a thinkin of the furst 'Ex.' the Dumminyun ever 
held in Ottawer," he began. " It was, by the way, the furst 
ever held in Canada, that is the furst by the Dumminyun, or as 
I'm tryin to tell ye the furst Dumminyun Exhibishion, and-" 
"Yes, yes, go on, we understand. 'The show will be over before 
you get started if you don't. Look, Colonel, there's another 
balloon with two parachutes going l'p. N ext year the whole family 
and the dog will have parachutes. Anything for excitement! 
Oh, beg pardon"-to the O. C.'s brother-"you were about to tell 
us of 
The First Dominion Exhibition J 
you said, I believe, or started to say, that it was held here in 
Ottawa? " 

The First Dominion Exhibition. 

28 9 

ttYes, in the fall of 1879, in Septembur. I remernbcr it well, 
my thurd darter wus born that yere. She's married now, an 
livin in l\Ianitober-I tell yer l\Ianitober's the country! " 
tt Let's have the Exhibition first," broke in the Colonel, "and 
then you may give us the daughter, l\lanitoba and the whole 
Northwest, if there's any time left." 
" \;V ell, it wus under the osspices of the Agriculture and Arts 
Assosighashun. It's President was Sam \;Vilmit, an it's Secker- 
tary was John R. Craig-John's now out in l\leadow Crick, Al- 
berta. He's got the gratest cattle ranch out thare-what du ye 
think John's got the ranch fenced with. Eh?" 
" The Page wire?" asked the Colonel, who is "stuck" on the 
Page, or would be if it had barbs. 
" Naw-bettern that! " 
" What then? " again asked the Colonel. 
tt vVhy, John's gone and had a mountain strung almost clean 
round hes ranch to keep the wind out an the cattle in. It comes 
high but it's a grate fence! " and then he stopped so long to laugh 
at his little joke, that he nearly forgot the First Dominion Ex- 
hibition. \:Ve gave up trying to hold him to his subject, and just 
let him wander all over the Dominion, stopping in every Pro- 
vince and Territory, and giving- us a lot of really valuable infor- 
mation about them all, but in the usual disconnected form. We 
cul1ed, however, some interesting data on the first "Ex." 
C. H. l\lclntosh was the Mayor-l\layor for '79, 'So and '81. 
The "Fair" was opened by His Excellency the Marquis of Lorne, 
and Her Royal Highness the Princess Louise. 
Some of the cattle exhibitors were, the \;V atts, J. & W., of 
Salem, John Snell and Sons, of Edmonton, F. W. Stone, of 
Guelph, and to our surprise he told us that \;V. C. Edwards was 
an exhibitor. \;V e had thought the Senator too young to be a fair 
exhibitor a quarter of a century ago. Then there was Thos, 
Clarke, of Nepean, and to show the nice calves in that day, he 
said that Hon. George Brown, of Bow Park, had his $I2,000 
yearling there. 
"Estimated value?" I asked. 
"Naw, Brown paid $I2,000 for it!" 
" It's a wonder they let him out long enough to show his calf," 
said the Colonel. 
" Out of what ?" asked the old man. 
"\\Thy, out of the asylum, of course! " 
" If yud seen that calf an his pedagog that reached back ten 
generashuns to Duke something, yud not chaff at the r,rice! " and 
he seemed injured that the Colonel should think the Hon. Brown 
crazy for paying so much money in that day of cheap cattle. 

29 0 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

Princess Louise presented the medals to the exhibitors after 
the Fair, at a banquet held to spend some of the profits 
f the 
show. At that banquet were many whose names were great then 
and others who have since had titles added to their names. Here 
e some of those present: Sir John A. and Lady 1Iacdonaìd, 
Su . Charles Tupper, Hon. D. Christie, (Sir) 1\Iackenzie Bowell, 
l\la]or and 1\lrs. De \Vinto
, Dr. (Sir) James A. Grant, :\lr. (Sir) 
lph Caron, Alonzo \Vnght, Hon
 James Skead, J. W. Currier, 
l\iaJ?r l\1cIn
osh, A. S. \Voodburn, John R. Craig, Ira :Morgan, 
PresIdent vV tlmot and many others. 


Speaking of dog shows and things, I am reminded of one of 
my Ottawa investments. 
It was on a Bank Street car. It was evening, the little girl 
,,,-ith the basket looked very sad. That she was in trouble I wa') 
certain. vVhen little girls an
 in trouble I too am sad. I watchèd 
her face. I t was not a pretty face, but a wan pinched face- 
pinched by poverty. What was in the basket, that she gave it so 
much attention? Ah, it moves! IYJzat? Yes, it's a pup. Poor 
child, thought I, she is taking her one little pet away to sell it to 
buy bread, possibly to relieve the hunger of brothers and sisters 
at home. It must not be, she must not sell the dear little thing- 
her play fellow ! No, I will prevent it. "\v-hat have you in lhe 
basket? " I asked, even though I already knew. 
"It's a pup," she said timidly. 
" \Vhere are you taking it? " I asked in a gentle tone. 
" I'm taking it to a man who wants to buy it," and her voice 
trembled. I knew it, I knew it, she has been sent to sell her one 
pet, and oh, how lonely will she be without it. No, I will prevent 
it. I'll buy the pup and then give it back to her-and make her 
oh so happy. I do love to make children happy! "How much 
do you ask for the little thing? " said I, soft like-really "softer" 
eyen than I thought. 
"l\ly ma said I must ask a dollar and a half, but to take 
thirty cents rather than to bring it home." I looked at it. It 
wasn't cheap in so full a market as Ottawa, but what matter, the 
money would buy bread and relieve hunger mayhap. I would buy 
it and then return it to her, and bring back the smiles to her sad 
little face. I was fairly bubbling with joy as I paid her full price. 
Ah, just as I thought, she smiled! She was almost pretty at th
moment-but she smiled too soon. I only expected to see the 
smile on the return of her pet-why, she even laughed-and that 
too before I had had time to return her little playfellow. Ah, I 
know why she seemed so cheerful-she thought of the bread my 

The Colonel Hears S01nething about Canadian Girls. 291 

money would buy-and possibly a bit of cake for the little ones 
at home. I would not return it at once, I would reserve the plea- 
sure for a few blocks-that is I thought I would reserve the plea- 
sure, but just then she got up as though to leave the car, so I had 
to act quickly. "Here, take back yonr pet-I don't want it-you 
may keep the money too," and everybody looked his and her com- 
"Oh, Oh I'll get licked if I bring it home!" she said, scared 
" Why so," I asked in surprise, and the car full looked surpris- 
ed too. 
"Oh, cause we've got fourteen more just like it, and they're 
eating their blamed heads off." And as she went away with my 
dollar and a half she was smiling, and so was everybody else in 
the car. 
P.S.-If you should hear of anyone wanting a well bread pup 
send him around, I'll pay full commission, to anyone who will 
sell 'the dear little thing" for mc. I find now that I bought 
at the wrong time-every family in town has a full supply, and 
the number is growing even faster than the population. 


not by votes, but by inclination. You see, everybody was talking 
about a great speech that was to be delivered. It had been talked 
about for days. "What will he say? What can he say?" were 
questions heard on all sides. His opponents said, "He can say 
nothing to the point," while his friends were confident that he could 
say a whole lot, and everything to the point. 
The Colonel and I went to hear it, as 'twas the proper thing to 
do. Everybody else had gone before, and no place was left us 
but a little standing room against the wall. The speech was so 
good, however, that we did not mind the inconvenience. "\tVe were 
well repaid. \Ve knew not the merits of the case. 'Tis not for 
us to study the" why" of Canadian politics, but we did enjoy the 
manner of the speaker's delivery, 

The Colonel hears something abou.t Canadian Girls. 
The great room was packed. There were those from many 
parts of the Dominion, and a most excellent opportunity it was for 
studying the different faces of the people. The Colonel, always 
interested in the ladies, frequently asked of the citizen with us: 
"\Vho is the lady?" indicating by various ways to designate the 
particular one meant. 
" She is from 'Toronto' or '\Vinnipeg,' &c., as the case 
might be. 

29 2 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

" Who is the haughty one who seems to think only of self?" 
" She is from , and is very rich." 
" Old or recent?" 
"Recent," says the citizen, "recent; the 'old' know better 
how not to display it." 
" \"ho is that one whose repartee seems so to animate those 
of her party?" asked the Colonel, indicating a very bright-faced 
blonde near where we stood. 
" She is from Toronto, and is said to be very clever," said 
the citizen. 
" \Vho is that sweet-faced lady on the far side of the gallery?" 
" The one with the tall brunette? She is from Nova Scotia. 
Of course, you know the Nova Scotia ladies, like the men, are re- 
markable for their briliiance. \
/hat? Oh, no; everybody seems 
to think that, but it is not by any means the case. Of course, they 
have much fish, but they'd be more brilliant on vegetables than 
some people on whale, and what I say refers to all the Lower Pro- 
vinces." The Colonel declared afterward that when the citizen 
said this about" whale diet" that he looked and winked a very 
peculiar wink in my direction. He need not have done that; I 
knew that what he was saying was true, and he need not have look- 
ed at me for corroboration. No, some people "don't know 
nawthin' " and couldn't learn, even on a whole school of whales. 
" Is there a delegation from Old Quebec to-day?" 
" "'.hy do you ask?" queried the citizen. 
"Well, look in all directions, and we can see so many pretty, 
bright-faced ladies that I can't think of any town outside of Que- 
bec that could produce them, and I thought that Quebec must have 
a delegation over to-day to hear the speech." 
"Why, Colonel, you must have been going about Ottawa 
with your eyes shut. Quebec could not find å delegation to equal 
the girls of Ottawa; for proof of this, look about you," and the 
Colonel did, and smiled a very pleased smile. . 
And so ran 011 the Colonel with his questions and the citizen 
with his replies. 
All this after the great speech, and sort 0' between" the rt- 
marks that followed by other members. Yes, that speech was a 
masterpiece. It was one of many good ones we heard while in 
Ottawa. The Dominion has many men of ability, and has sent a 
number of them to Ottawa. If a criticism were to be made on the 
House, it would be that the repartee is seldom witty, as in the 
old daysl of which we are told, and too often is it of an order that 
reflects little credit on the members dealing in it. It is frequent- 
ly no higher than: " You're another." This, of course, only refers 
to those members who are here bv reason of influence in their 
little localities, and not because thé country at large would have 
selected them. 

Rube's First Circus. 



"Rube did you get 'em?" asked the Colonel, that day I 
went to the Orphan Asylum to borrow a few orphans to take 
to see the animals. 
" No, a whole house full and no one to loan a single kid! " 
said I. "\IVe had made it up to take out some of the little Ul1S, feed 
'em on peanuts, candy, popcorn, and red lemonade, and watch 
'em have fun at their first circus, but it was a failure. The auth- 
ority is so divided up that nothing short of a board meeting 
could grant our request, so we compromised by having Reynolds 
pick out some of Ottawa's typical newsies. If the boys he sent 
were typical, then Ottawa newsies are" ded uns" for a fact, 
There was nothing new to them. They'd seen 'em all and knew 
every animal by sight, while every act was old to them, in short, 
though young, they were blasé and we were disappointed. 
"Colonel," said I, when we got back, "boys ain't boys any 
more, they begin seeing things so young that they're men in 
knickerbockers. Oh, how different in our day! The nearest ap- 
proach to a circus we saw were the flaming posters, telling of 
wonders that made our imagination almost too large for us to 
hold. Father was agin the circus, so we had to content us with 
posters and processions until we were thirteen or fourteen. 
" I must teIt you Colonel about 

Rube's First Circus. 
11y first circus-and how we got home from it. "\IVe boys had 
saved up all spring, and for a whole month before it was billed 
for, we had worked early and late in the hope that father would 
lent and let us go, but 'twas no use, for, as I said, he was agin 
"It was seven miles away, but we boys had it all planned 
to "run off." " Jack" Harney, the hired boy, had somehow 
become possessed of an old and very delapidated horse, " Nuff " 
Weaver hired a big, heavy spring wagon of a neighbor, and 
Brother Frank and I were to pay for the tickets as our share. 
"We set out with Jack's seven-mile nag, and "- 
" Why , seven-mile nag' Rube?" asked the Colonel. 
" Don't spoil the story, Colonel. You'll see in due time. 
"The way old Rosenante flew, with his stub tail high in the 
air, was a caution! We r{'ached Springfield in time to visit the pic- 
tures on the outside of all the wonderful side shows, and deeply re- 
gret that we hadn't the price to see inside. that we might look 
upon the fat lady, the skeleton man, the sword swallower, the 
great snakes, and watch the glassblower spin ships out of glas'5. 


Ottawa, The Hub. 

Later in life we learned that very often the best part of more 
than a side show is on the outside canvas, and knew then how 
little we had missed in not having the price. 
" But now for the show itself! The marvellous aggregation 
of which we had dreamed for years! That one-ring circus was 
more wonderful than any five-ring show we have ever since looked 
upon! I never saw tumblers tumble equal to those marvellous 
acrobats, or riders ride as those men who jumped through paper- 
covered hoops. Oh, how we did enjoy it! Then, that fierce 
N umidian lion, which we were certain would eat the daring man, 
who took his life in one hand and a club in the other, as he enter- 
ed the cage! Oh, how we trembled for that brave lion tamer! 
\Ve did not then know the age of the animal, or that his meat 
had to be H ambergered for him, else we had not trembled. 
"The Clowns were far funnier even than Dave Stoner at his 
" Oh, the joy of it all! The tinsel of the actors to us was real 
gold; the man and woman on the trapeze seemed to be winged 
birds, flying through the air at the dizzy height of fifteen feet; the 
chariot races at the end we have never seen equalled. AIl-every- 
thing in that one-ring circus \;-2.S nothing short of marvellous! 
" It came to an end all too soon, even though it was nearly 
midnight before it closed! 
" And now for home. Jack's old grey gave out before 
we had gotten three miles. We coaxed, pushed on the lines, and 
finally beat him, but all to no purpose. He would not or coald 
not pull us a foot further, and we had to unhitch and" play horse" 
ourselves with that big spring wagon. " Nuff" was a cripple, 
and could not even walk, much less help pull or push, so we had 
to let him ride, as we slowly moved along. The only easy part 
was the going down hill, but that was more than taken off by 
the pull up to the top. Hundreds of times have I gone over that 
road since, but those hills never seemed so near mountains as they 
did that night, or rather that morning, as we did not reach the 
farm until near breakfast." 
"Did you get "thrashed" for running off?" asked the 
 father said he concluded we had been punished enough, 
and I have never doubted his conclusion. But even had he 
thrashed us soundly, that show was worth it, heavy wagon and 
H ow the Colonel Watered the Eleþhant. 
" You were more fortunate than I," said the Colonel, as he 
bit off the end o
 a fresh cigar. 
" How's that?" I asked. 
" You had the price and I didn't!" 

How the Colonel rVatered the Elephant. 295 

I could tell by the way the Colonel eyed his Havana that ht: 
had in mind his first circus, so I asked: "Tell us about it!" 
" Well," he began, reminiscently, "I lived in a town hardly 
big enough for a show, but when I was about fourteen, one came 
along. For weeks it was the only subject talked of at the corner 
grocery store and the blacksmith shop. Early and late you might 
hear about Dan Rice and his great aggregation of clowns, bare- 
back riders, and Jingo the elephant. Toward the last the greet- 
ing, when the neighbors would meet, was not a 'how-dy,' or a 
'fine day this.' No, cordiality, and even the weather, were for- 
gotten, in that one important question: 'Goin' ter see the ele- 
phant!' I little thought how S0011 I was to become intimately 
acquainted with that same elephant Jingo. 
"The day came at last. People for miles drove in with the 
whole family to see the show, even the preacher took the children 
to see Jingo. As I said, I hadn't the price. I had run off from 
school the day before to visit the show grounds-nothing to see, 
but even the place had a fascination which I could not resist. For 
this truancy I was to be punished by seeing the rest of the family 
pass in, while I stood outside and gazed with longing eyes at th6. 
wonders painted upon the canvas, wonders, as you know, whicl: 
will never leave the mind. That I might at least get the full bene- 
fit of these wonderful' oil paintings,' I was on the grounds early. 
'" I hadn't been there but a few minutes when a big man said 
to me, pleasant like: ' Say, boy, do you want to see the show?' 
vVhat good fortune was coming my way, anyhow! I could hardly 
believe my own ears, but ventured a timid' Yesser !' , Well, take 
this bucket and bring pore Jingo a drink. He has been travelling 
all night, and he is a little thirsty.' By this time I had the bucket, 
and hardly waited for the nice big man to tell me how thirsty pore 
Jingo was. 
" I knew a well nearly a quarter of a mile away, anù as I ran, 
I said to myself: 'Easy? \Vell rather! Horatius, you're in luck!' 
\Vhen I got back to the tent, the nice man said, as he set the bucket 
before' pore Jingo': 'You're a good runner, my boy!' while 
Jingo said 'Soop,' and the bucket was empty. 'Get another,' 
said the nice man, 'and you shall see the greatest aggregation on 
earth!' I got another, and Jingo said ' soop 'again. And by the 
time I had carried twenty buckets, and nearly pumped that well 
dry, he had acquired the' soop' habit, and kept it up, seemingly 
growing more thirsty as my trips to the well grew longer, as I 
was becoming very tired. I shall never know how long it would 
have taken to fill that inland lake, as just before I had becom
hausted, and ready to strike my job, Jingo was wanted in the 
ring. The big man picked me up in his arms as though I were 
a mere baby, and together we entered the tent. It is hard to tell 
which attracted more attention, Jingo or I, for as he came in at 

29 6 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

one side, the big man and I came in at the other. He carried me 

ight past where our family sat in the cheap seats, and placed me 
m the very best part of the tent, next to the big 'Squire, in a kind 
of a box, with flags hanging all around the railing. 
" Oh, how I did enjoy that show! And yet, as I look back to 
that long ago, it is hard to tell which I enjoyed more, the show, 
or seeing the envious eyes of our family and my school fellows, 
as they looked upon the box with the flag-covered railing." 


"Rube," asked the Colonel, one day, as we sat on the hill 
overlooking the beautiful Kingsmere. "Are you going to pLay 
'good angel,' and present to all the book makers a copy each of 
this Ottawa book, as YOui did the book makers of ,Montreal? " 
" No, Colonel. K 0, it would not be safe. I t would be too 
great a risk." 
" I don't follow you, Rube, Vv hat do you mean by 'risk?' ., 
" vVell, you see, I was then, to some extent, a novice. I had 
no conception of the number of people it took to make a book, so 
I promised each one a copy who in any way worked on it. It was 
printed at a large plant, and not only everyone in that plant, but 
some of their relations were run in. Everyone had taken a very 
prominent part in the making of that book. \Yhy, before I was 
through with the matter I felt that I had not even been a small 
factor in it's making. I had only written it, the others (even the 
elevator boy who had brought the paper up from the basement 
had his claims) were the principals. I carried out my promise to 
the letter. They all got their copy." 
" And yet I don't see the 'risk.' You're so easy to work} that 
you must have really enjoyed giving those books away." 
"Oh yes, Colonel, it was fun to watch that first edition melt 
away, but I was 'new' then and did think that some one of 
them might have told me if they liked the book, but none of them 
did. No, not one even mentioned it. A week later I asked 
Susie, one of the 'feeders'-the pretty soprano, with the glasses- 
'How did you like my book?' said 1. 'Oh I Sllr'llived,' said she, 
with a drawl, in the Key of G. upper register, as she walked on 
without comment. Now, Colonel, you see why I said, 'It 'would 
be too great a risk.' SUf)1)ose for one moment that 'Susie' had Hot 
survived! It's awful to contemplate! Never again will I put 
a whole printing plant in such a perilous situation." 

The Tattoo. 



He had reached that age when each added year is reason of 
pride, so I did not hesitate to ask: ., How old are you?" It was 
on the Sappers' Bridge; the sun, like the old man, was reaching 
its last stage. It was throwing long shadows across the little park 
where I had been attcl1zpting a picture. ., How old am I?" re- 
peating my question, " I am ninety;' he continued, and by asking 
and by repeating, I found that he was born in 1813, in Gloucester, 
England. He had been a soldier and a sailor. He fired the first 
gun in the salute on a warship, in London, in honor of Queen Vic- 
toria's coronation in 1837. Out of sentiment for the long ago, the 
military had him fire the first gun in the salute, in Ottawa, in honor 
of the coronation of the late Queen's illustrious son, King Edward. 
He was in the first Kaffir war in 1843, and in India's wars in 18 45. 
He first came to Ottawa in 1851. At the opening of the Crim
his soldier heart again longed for the battlefield, but he reached 
England too late for duty, and returned to Canada. He is now 
waiting for the last tattoo. He has been twice married, and has 
been the father of eleven children, but wives and children are now 
all gone, and John W. Clifford is again alone. 






The" last tattoo" sounded to-day-July 15th, 1904. I used 
often to wonder why I never met the old man any more, as not long 
after the meeting on the bridge, I would miss him for weeks at a 
time, and each time he was more frail-his steps were growing 
feebler. I would try to engage him in conversation, but his 
memory was fast going. Then I missed him entirely, and knew 
not his whereabouts until I heard of his death in the Old :l\Ien's 
Home, where he had been taken and kindly cared for until the 
cne!. A pauper's grave would have been his last resting place 
-as he had no relatives, and had outlived all his old-time friends 
-had it not been for some of the militarv officers, who are ev!
keeping watch over the soldiers of long ago. These officers gave 
him kindly burial, Col. J. B. Donaldson, of the .Militia Head- 
quarters, officiating at the funeral. 
You who are far away have no conception of the real heart 
kindness of the people of this beautiful city. The above is Imt 
an instance. 

29 8 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

A Sketch. 
She was possibly fourteen and delicately pretty. She was a 
little working girl. This I knew, for it was very early. She car- 
ried her dinner done up in a little parcel. The car was crowded, 
rough workingmen occupied seats near her, and she would have 
shrunk away from them, but she could not. Oh! how pathetic 
the sight. She was not born to work, and had the instincts 0f a 
lady, young as she was. Her every movement showed that she 
felt her position. What intensified my sympathy was to see her 
little hands encased in what were once white kid gloves-white Le- 
fore they became black from age and long wear. She seemed :lOt 
to think of their present shade, but of their former whiteness. She 
stroked those gloves' daintily as she looked down at them, as much 
as to say: "These are what make me different from other little 
workinp" girls, I am not like them with their big rough hands, and 
yet," with a sigh, " like them I have to work." 
Not far away sat another girl of her own age, big, strong and 
ruddy. No gloves encased her hands, and I did not feel sorry 
for her, for she seemed glad on her way to work. 
The two wilJ grow up, and may-hap both marry, marry each 
in the same sphere, for, dainty or rugged, the working girl, unlike 
the boy, has little hope of rising from her condition in life. 
Aye, it was pathetic to see that delicately pretty little working 
girl in the white kid gloves, that morning. 


That little girl was poor, this man is rich, very rich. I-Ie 
once was poor, very poor, but as his riches grew the heart never 
changed. It never grew hard with wealth, and he is the same 
genial spirit as of old, with a kindly care for those less fortunate. 
Years ago his little girls came in one day with: " Papa, we waJ1t 
a carriage," 
" You may have it on one condition," said he. 
t{ Oh, papa, what is it?" 
"That you will never drive alone, but will always take out 
other little girls who have no carriage." 
The little girls got the carriage, and many a poor child was 
made happy by the gift. 
What a world this would be if there were more rich men like 
this genial Ottawan. 

Popularity. (l Canada Unsocial." 



H Rube," said the Colonel, one day on Wellington Street, 
"there in that sleigh is the most prominent man in all Ottawa, 
and I will wager you that I can prove it." 
" I'll take you, Colonel, for a 'V,''' said I, as proving is 
harder than claiming. 
"Done. Now, I'll prove it." 
H How?" 
H I'll ask him." 
"The 'V' is yours, Colonel, I know the man." This was so 
easy that the Colonel did not get over referring to it for two whole 
days, when we saw the same man corning down Sparks Street 
with another Ottawan. I thought of my lost" V," and said: 
" Colonel," said I, " there are two men, one the most popular, the 
other the most generally disliked in the city, and I can prove it." 
" Another' V,' Rube?" 
" Yes, for a ' V,' and prove it as readily as yon took mine the 
other day." 
" How?" 
"Easy enough, ask the first citizen we meet. I'll take the 
'V,' Colonel," and he gave it, for he knew the men. 


The Colonel has often intimated that Canada is unsocial. He 
has even said, " It is cold," and brings to bear all the proof he can 
find. His latest is about a young Englishman who carne over as 
a secretary for some one of prominence. "He was," said the 
Colonel, "an accomplished young man, and among his accom- 
plishments, a fine singer. He joined a choir in Montreal. He 
soon complained to another member, , I never saw such a cold lot 
of people. Here I've been singing in this choir for a month, and 
not a soul has spoken to me.' 'Why,' said the addressed member, 
, that's nothing; I've been here for a year, and not one of the ladies 
has spoken to me yet.' , Is that so! Well, no wonder there's 
such a lot of old maids in the Montreal choirs. Canada is too 
cold for me; I'm going back to England,' and he went. Now, 
Rube, if an Englishman says Canada is ' cold,' even you, if honest, 
would admit the fact." 
" Yes, but Colonel," said I, "you mistake the 'correct' for 
the ' unsocial.' These people think it is not ' correct' to be effus- 
ively enthusiastic, and you mistake that for coldness." 

3 00 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

" Again, ask a man on the street a simple question, the way to 
a certain part of the city, and ten to one he will answer you over 
his shoulder. He will not even stop long enough to answer it, or 
if he does, it is in a ' by-what-right-Sir-do-you-speak-to-me-without 
an-introduction?' tone of voice" 
" I know now, Colonel, the kind of men you mean. They are 
only 'cork tree' men, and we have lots of them at home." 
"'Cork tree!' vVhat sort of a man is that? ,. 
" Very light, and whose outside covering is the only part of 
them of any worth." 
.. Come now, Rube; you're begging the question! How 
about the big man you called on who, you said, treated you so un- 
civilly that you hurried away as soon as you could get out." 
"\Vell, yes, Colonel; I did say he had not the manners of one 
of our County Justices of the Peace, but he was the exception, and 
should not be instanced as the rule." But the Colonel would not 
give in; said he was used to people who were not all the while try- 
ing to impress one with the fact that the" other fellow" was be- 
neath notice. The Colonel takes the wrong view. I have gained 
access to a few of the Canadian homes, and find, where once one 
gets to know them, that they are very charming people, and what 
the Colonel takes for" coldness" is simply reserve, which nothing 
short of merit can penetrate. I t may be unfortunate, this "re- 
serve," for one may not remain long enough to penetrate it, and 
go away, and with the Colonel say: " Canada is socially cold." 
" Well, Rube," persisted the Colonel, determined to make me 
admit something, " you must agree with me that the churches are 
cold, that there is no cordiality towards strangers, or toward each 
other for that matter." 
" Yes, Colonel, I must agree with you in that. But what dif- 
ferent are they from our own churches ? You seem to forget, 
Colonel, that church cordiality is entirely out of fashion in these 
days of the 'proper.' 
" Long prayers are offered up for the sinner to be brought in, 
and finally when he is 'brought in,' he is not made welcome-un- 
less he will be a social acquisition to the church. No, Colonel, this 
coldness is confined to no country. It is becoming general, and 
Canadian churches are only foHowing in the procession." 
" Rube, we will not argue the question further, since you wi1l 
not admit anything against Canada." 
" I will admit nothing, and with reason, for I love Canada and 
its people. I have had an individual Canadian do for me 
which no individual American has ever done. and for that indivi- 
dual Act I shaH ever love the whole Dominion, and shall never 
sile1].t1y listen to anything said against it." 
Later on the Colonel agreed with me that: " Canada's all 
right! Why, Rube, even the churches-in Ottawa-are cordial!" 

The Little Tin Dish. 

3 01 

Cordiality in Ottawa Churches. 
This was quite true; the people here even smile toward each 
other on leaving the" meeting house," and actually speak to stran- 
gus, and ask them to "come again." And speakinp" of Ottawa 
churches, they have some very pretty ones, as vide my pictu!"e 
gallery. And apropos of the congregations, they will compare 
favorably with those in any of our large cities, in intelligence, in 
the attire of the men and the dressing of the women. If one were 
unconsciously dropped into an Ottawa church. he would not kn:nv 
bul what he were in aNew York City church. Or if perchance 
he did know, it would be by the greater number of men present. as 
in Ottawa the men go to "meeting" too. 
Again, one might know from the better congregational sing- 
ing-the Canadians being naturally musical. 


I don't remember just how the subject came up. It was one 
the Colonel seldom broached-so long as there was anything else 
to broach. Oh, yes I remember, we were talking about how much 
water-in the form of rain-fell on an acre of land-that is how 
much in weight. To wonder is to find out, which brings forward 
the subject of the courtesy of the various departments of the Cana- 
dian Government. We had often remarked how general it was-- 
this courtesy. We had come to think that there was no excep- 
tion, forgetting that it takes one to make a rule. vVell, the day 
I took the little tin dish over to the - department, I ran 
square into the " exception." 

The One Exception of Departmental Courtesy. 
" Who sent yon here?" was the gruff greeting I received. I 
thought of some one easy, to blame if on, and said, 
"l\lr, X." 
" \Vell, what do you want?" 
" vVant to find out what water weighs," said I, scared like. 
U What water ways? This is not the department of canals. 
I'm not interested in canals." 
"No, I mean w-e-i-g-h-s. I know you're not interested in 
canals, nobody is, else they'd been wise and had the one to lhe 
Georgian Bay built long ago. Begging your pardon I have a little 
tin dish which I want to have filled with water and carefully 
weighed as I want to make a calculation," and I told him the 
" calculation." 

3 02 

Ottawa The Hub. 

" Any school boy ought to tell you that! " and for fifteen min- 
utes I felt real inexpensive, in fact almost "cheap," as he sent 
mt' across the hall. ,. Go over there and he will weigh it!" "He" 
proved to be a most obliging voung man. Obliging, but not 
mathematical. He care full y weighed my little tin dish, filled it 
with distilled water, weighed both and started in to calculate. 
Unfortunately his scales were built entirely on the gram system, 
and he was so long reducing grams to ounces that the head of 
the department-whom I had first seen-came into that room like 
two men and both in a hurry. Again he asked: 

" Who sent you here to take up our time like this?" 
"Mr. X." said I, timidly. "l\1r. X., of the - depart- 
ment. He told me I would find you a very courteous gentleman." 
He left the room without a word further, while the young man 
kept on with his figuring-trying to turn grams into ounces, 
while I stood ready to turn ounces into pounds. If that young man 
could only have ounced those grams I could have pounded the 
ounces, and we'd both have known how much the little tin dish 
held. But he was again so long that the man with the dark mein re- 
appeared-this time with a foot rule, with which he made care- 
ful measurements of the little tin dish, and went back to his desk 
across the hall, to figure out what "any school boy ought to [ell 
Growing tired I left them both figuring, while I went ove
to a school to ask" any school boy," " what does a cubic foot of 
watu weigh?" 
The first one I met looked surprised, as he replied, off hand, 
without any figuring or weighing, "62
 pounds for a cubic foot 
oÍ water. Ask me something hard! " and to please him, I asked 
what it would weigh if it was froze-but he only gave me a cold 
stare which I was used to, after my departmental experience vf 
the morning, and did not mind. 
Yes, this was the only instance, and I have often since thought 
that on ordinary occasions, I would have been kindly received, but 
I had gone and asked too hard a proposition. 
To this day I have not got back my little tin dish-l was loo 
afraid to go after it. It may remain as a reminder of the "
ception." It is odd, the very price of it is so in keeping with the 
experience, that I shall ever remember the two together-It cost 
just Thirty Cents. 
" What did I learn as to the 

Weight of Water on an Acre?" 
" What! YOlt too interested? \Yell, I'll tell you. I won
er .if 
it will surprise you as much as it did me! A shower of ram 111 

A Good Lincoln Story. 

3 0 3 

which one inch of water falls, will weigh, for one acre of space 
1011-0- 8 -0- tons of water, English tons of 2240 lbs., and II3y 4 u 3 o Cana- 
dian and United States tons, of 2000 lbs., or for a foot of water- 
fall, I2ISlu6(j" English, and 136Ir 1 (j6ìf Canadian tons." 
" 1'ly eyes-what a load the old earth had to carry in Noah's 
time! " exclaimed my enquirer. 
And I said " yes! " by way of assent, I always like to agree 
with the man if not with his opinions. 


I had heard it before and so have you, but we did not know 
if it were true, since so many of the good Lincoln stories were 
never known to the great Commoner. 
This one was told while Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas 
were stumping together, during the Presidential campaign of 1859, 
when they were opponents for the Presidency. lVIr. Erski
Douglas, of Bellefontaine, Ohio--a cousin of Stephen A.-a pro- 
minent grain dealer and railroad man, who had formerly residc.i 
in Springfield, Illinois, where he was a personal friend of both 
candidates, accompanied them on their tour through Ohio. On 
one occasion, in a town where Erskine was well known, Stephcn 
A. opened the debate. 

How Lincoln Sold Whiskey-and Why. 
The candidates were occasionally given to "jollying" each 
other, but always in the kindest spirit. At one part of his speech 
Stephen A. asked: "Do you know who this man Lincoln is? 
Do you know that he once ran a little corner grocery store? Do 
you know that in that store he used to sell whiskey? Yes, fellow 
citizens, actually sold whiskey, sold it to his neighbors to stcal 
away their brains. Will you vote for a man who could have so 
little care for his fellow beings? As to the truth of what I say, 
I need but leave it to your fellow citizen, Erskine Douglas." Ers- 
kine with much nodding approves it all, 
\Vhen Lincoln arose he began very seriously to reply. When 
he reached the above charge, he said: "1Iy opponent has told 
you that I ran a little grocery store. He was right, the store was 
a very small one, but it was the largest I had. He has told you 
that I sold whiskey. Again he was right. I sold whiskey-very 
very poor whiskey. It was in a low community, and that was the 
kind my customers wanted. I had to keep it to hold their trade. 
1dy conscience often told me that I was wrong to be stealing away 
the brains-what little they had-of my fellows, but they d

3 0 4 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

manded the whiskey and I had to sell it to them or lose their trade, 
entlemen, ,. here he stopped, slowly turned 'round, and 
pomtmg at the two, continued, .. and gentlemen, the two best cus- 
tomers I had ,.,,-ere Stephen A. and your fellow townsman Erskine 
Douglas, and as to the tntth of what I say, I need but leave it to 
your fellow citizen, Erskine Douglas," but Erskine did no noddinO" 
this time. 
he fact that both were known to be temperate, if not 
teetotalers, dId not save them from the shouts of laughter at their 
On learning that l\lr. C. A. Douglas, a son of Erskine, and a 
well known financial man of Ottawa, was myoid Ohio neighbor, 
tht story came to mind and I asked if it were true. 
"Yes," said he, "I remember it well. As a little boy I sat on the 
edg-e of the platform, at this particular meeting, álmost at the 
VEry feet of the speakers. I can remember how proud I was to 
think that my cousin was running for President of the United 
States, but after that story I never dared to do any 'crowing' 
over the other boys, for they were sure to refer to Lincoln's cor- 
ner grocery." 


One has to get outside of one's own country to know how 
small and insignificant one's own country really is. The Colonel 
and I were made to realize this fact that day we met the man from 
Prince Edward Island. He had once been to the States, and !lad 
remained more than a month studying our characteristics, and 
knew so much more of our country and people than did either the 
Colonel or I-about our customs, our ways of living-in short our 
real insignificance. ., So different," said he, "in every way to 
Prince Edward. vVhy, you could not think of the difference, it 
is so marked!" And the company seemed to feel sorry for us, as 
the young man expatiated upon the States. He made the case so 
plain that neither the Colonel nor I could think of anything tð say, 
that is, anything apropos, but as usual the Colonel must1 say some- 
tbing, so he asked the young man: " Where is this Prince Edward 
Island ?" Oh! dear, there it was again! The Colonel is forever 
" getting his foot in it," or having it stepped on. In this instance 
it was stepped on, as I said: "Keep still," just loud enough for aU 
to hear; "don't show your ignorance of geography here. Don't 
you know that Prince Edward is on the Bay of Quinte, in Lake 
Ontario, west of Kingston? 'Where' s Prince Edward I stand?' J1 
Then, to the young man I said, apologetically, "Y o
 must pardon 
my friend here, for not knowing your country. He lost his geo- 
graphy when he was quite small, and never acquired a new one," 

It I snJt the Size of the Head that Counts. 305 

but the young man looked real hurt, and I did not blame him. 
U Where is Prince Edward Island!" Some people never could 
learn geography, and the Colonel is one of the U some." 
\Vhen I got him alone I told him enough about the young 
man's country to make him remember it. I usually find a place 
he knows, then teach him the new place, 
" You know New Jersey?" I asked. 
" Of course I do!" 
"\Vell, Prince Edward Island is about one-fourth the size. 
It is a very important country. Some great people came from 
there. One of the greatest judges, one of the most noted pian- 
ists, newspaper men, a number, in short, from that little country 
have come so many prominents that they are near countless." 
" Have they all corne away?" 
. ." 'All come away!' \Vhy, no; there are only 5,819 less 
people than were there ten years ago, and they have built 141 new 
houses in that time. Why, bless you, it has more people left than 
\Veehawken and Hackensack combined, and almost as many :!os 
Patterson after the fire. 'All come awa}'!' Colonel, in some 
ways you are a very dull man, at times almost stupid, when it 
comes to knowing about the location of people's country. Your 
ignorance embarrassed me very much this afternoon." I may 
have been a little severe on the Colonel, but he deserved it. 


"Rube, there is a smart man," said the Colonel, one day on 
Elgin Street, as he indicated a man who had the air of owning 
everything in sight. 
"Why so?" I asked. 
" See what a large head he has!" I saw, but knowing the 
man, I could not resist saying: "Colonel: 

It isn't the size of the head that counts, 
It isn't the size of the head, 
He may wear a hat with a number 8 mark, 
With a brain inside in color all dark, 
Oh it isn't the size of the head. 
'Tis the grey therein though small it be 
That gives to the brain ca-pac-i-tee, 
And not the size of the head. 

3 06 

Ottawa, The Hub. 

An elephant said to a flea one è.1.... 
'I'm big you're small, get out 0'.... the way,' 
Oh it isn't the size of the head. 
The flea hopped on to the elephant's trunk 
And climbed aboard yust lika de monk, 
Oh it isn't the size of the head. 
The elephant then ran away with fear, 
For big as he was, he had a flea in his ear, 
Which said: 'It isn't the size of the head that counts 
It isn't the size of the head.' " ' 

Everybody at the boarding house said that he had one of the 
very best of characters, while all the neighbors within four blocks. 
declared openly that a more disreputable dog never stole a bone 
than this same dearly beloved Paddy. 
Why this disparity of opinion I could never determine. To 
be sure he had a reputation of being a fighter. Some said that 
he would rather fight than eat, but during the whole time that we 
were there we never knew him to fight once. Possibly the neigh- 
bors were right in saying that the reason of this was that he had 
killed all the dogs in the vicinity that could not get out of his way. 
Be that as it may, we never saw him fight, or in the least way 
attempt to annoy any other dog, save when occasionally one who 
was not acquainted with him would quietly pass our door with a 
nice large bone which he had acquired somewhere up town and 
was carrying home to gnaw at his leisure. When, I say, a dog 
so ignorant of Paddy's reputation passed through our street, 
Paddy would bound out at him as though he wanted bone, dog and 
all, but he never fought, no, not once while I knew him, the other 
dogs would get away too quick, leaving Paddy the bone. What 
Paddy wanted with it, however, no one could tell, as the pretty 
Star Boarder looked after him so carefully that he could not pos- 
sibly have wanted so common a morsel as a street bone. 
Why he was loved by one side and hated by the other was 
a mystery to us. He was not a beautiful dog-I have never seen 
one less so, but he was beloved. It may have been that his very 
ugliness was his beauty. I have seen men about whom this 
might have been said, but do not know that it might be said of a 
But to cut short my sketch, on returning from one of our 
excursions we found the household deeply mourning the sudden 
death of poor Paddy. "He was well at noon and dead at night," 
was the common form in which we were given the news. Of 

1I I Wasn't Acquainted with the Dog. JJ 307 

course there were variations in the recital of the affair, in fact so 
many that two weeks later I asked the Colonel: "vVhy is it, 
Colonel, you never join in the table conversation? You used to 
take part, but of late I have scarcely heard you say a word." 
" What," exclaimed the Colonel; "I join in the conversation! 
How could I? I wasn't acquainted with the dog! " 
* * * * * * 
They buried poor Paddy in the northeast corner of the yard, 
anù planted above his grave a twig of shamrock in memory, but 
the neighbors all declared that even so hardy a plant as the sham- 
rock could not survive in the same soil. They were wrong; the 
plant is flourishing and a green flag-harp-emblasoned, waves 
above his grave. 
That the neighbors' hatred of Paddy was pure prejudice there 
is now no question, for analysing his character, we find that it 
will bear a scrutiny which many another on the block could not 
If there is one character that I dislike above all others, it is 
the backbiter-the man or the woman who has ill words to say 
about an absent one. He or she will backbite and the victim may 
never know from whence the source-may never know who it 
was who did it. Not so with Paddy; if he did any backbiting Y0l1 
knew it instantly, and needed no detective. Again, I dislike the 
one who promises and never fulfils. The boy with a large red 
apple, \\"ho used to promise a bite, and then ate it all himself was 
my detestation. Unlike the boy, if Paddy promised a little bite 
you always got it, and he had often been known to give it with- 
out the promise. His generosity may have been a little surprising, 
but you got the bite just the same. 
There was a nobility about Paddy after which many anoth-:;r 
" cur" might well pattern. He might kill, as he had often been 
accused of doing, but he was always " in at the death" and never 
resorted to poison, as some of the other curs had been known to 
resort-he himself being one of the victims. 
At the house is another dog-the pup now grown. He still 
lives. No one loves, neither does anyone hate him. He has not 
the force of character to fight, nor has he any qualities that are 
lovable. He is just a dog-a dog because he can't be anything 
else. He hasn't the energy to be anything else. He would not 
\be even a dog if it required energy. His only aim in life is to 
eat, and no one will ever think enough on the subject to put poison 
in his food, for he don't count. It's only the dogs that have char- 
acter that need have fear of the heavy villain. 
A dog- is handicapped. He must be a fighter or l1othin
Paddy chose the former. That's why the green flag, harp-em- 
blazoned, waves over his grave, and the wind sighs through the 
shamrock in the corner of the yard. 
Poor' Paddy, you were a fighter, but you were beloved. 

3 08 

Ottawa, The Hub. 


 is remarkable for it's many old people. You have all 
heard the joke of a very old man referring to his grandfather. 
Here, that is no joke. One day I had occasion to call on an old 
lady for a bit of information. She was frail with age. 
" I really forget," she said, in reply to my inquiry. "I for- 
get, but possibly mamma may know," and she went in to the next 
foom to see if " mamma" remembered, but she too had forgotten. 
I'm almost certain had I not gone at once" grandmamma " would 
have been asked, 
I did not always go after needed information. I sometimes 
sent the Colonel-that is at first I sent the Colonel, later he refus- 
ed to go. It all came about by my wanting to get some data, 
a lu By town. I wanted to know if one of a name was related to 
an early settler, and so instructed the Colonel, I might say I sent 
him over to E- Street, but I won't. He had been gone an 
hour when he came in all disheveled and greatly excited: · I 
wish you to understand, Rube, that the next time you want any 
old By town information, you'll get it yourself. You 11 never again 
get me to go to a private lunatic as}rlu'm for data! Just look at me! 
Ain't I a sight! " 
" Well, yes, Colonel, you do look a bit done for," and he did. 
" How did it all happen?" I asked. 
"I really don't know. I went over and asked, as you told 
me to, and see the result! " 
" Yes, Colonel, but what did you say or do?" 
" Nothing at all, nothing in the world out of proper. I was 
as polite as possible, but almost at the very first question I asked 
the demented person, she jumped at me and-well, here I am, look 
at me-look at me. And I feel even worse than I look,-and all 
for your insatiable desire to hunt out old things. I tell you there 
will be no more old things for me, after her." 
"Calm down, Colonel, calm down, and tell me what you 
asked her? " 
"I almost forget-she scared it clear out of me-Oh, yes, 
HOW I recall it. I didn't like to come right at the subject, so I 
asked her, polite like, if she was born in old By town days-and 
this is her answer-look at me. I tell you, Rube, you can here- 
after do your own private lunaticlish business, as I'll do no more 
of it, no more of it for me!" And he has kept his word. 

U English as She is S þoke. J1 


An Ottawa lady, remarkable for her cleverness in depicting 
" The Characters we meet," has kindly furnished this Laurentides 
sketch, of 

u Our Batiste. J1 

Our guide and man of aU work, who helped around the shack 
during the four weeks spent in the Laurentian :l\Iollntains, was a 
typical "habitant." "De fader of tirteen childer," none of 
whom could read or write, for as he himself said: "Be g03h, 
what's de use of dat? I'm not read or write, and I'm anus have 
planty for heat and wear, an sum tam planty to drink too. ,. 
vVe, as specimens from town interested him greatly. He was 
\\Tatching us closely one day as we gathered the beautiful wild 
flowers and carried them home, and then Baptiste could be silent 
no longer: 
" Wal, for sure, you peoples dat come from de town ar de 
greenest tings I nevar see; you look at dis and dat 2nd say: 'Oh, 
my r 'Oh, my!' all de tam like you nevar see notings before, but 
den (in an apologetic tone) your not so green as de people I work 
for las summar. Be gosh, dere crazy for sure, dey pick up de 
little stones from de crick and dem tings dat grow on de tr
(fungus) and draw pieters on dem for take home. \Ven for sure 
dem people from Boston de greenest tings I nevar see," and we 
Otta wans were satisfied. 


A French Canadian shantyman, whose name is \Villiam 
Whistle, made a speech at the entertainment given by the lumber- 
men on the occasion of the visit of the Duke and Duchess of York 
to Ottawa. The speech was a specimen that requires the pen of 
a Drummond, Bret Harte or :J\1ark Twain to reproduce in such a 
way as to preserve its originality, force and simplicity, in the 
patois of the French Canadian bushmen. He began:- 
Gentlemans: I am no use for talk on de membres of Par1Í:1- 
ment; I am no use for talk on the shantymans, but aftare an I'll 
do the bes' I can't. 
For tirty years I work for Messieu Edware, except tree year 
when I have been in bizzness for myself. On the first year I work 
for l\lessieu Edware I arn everything an able man she's want for 
herself and her familee. By an by I look roun' and I see l\lessieu 
Edware do one big bizzness an gettin rich, an I tink I'll lac to 
do jus' de same, I say to l\Iessieu Edware I'll tak de contrac' 
for mak saw-log. Well, I'll get de contrac'. I'll mak shanty for 

3 10 

 The Hub. 

tree year, and at de en of tree year my farm she's gone; every- 
ting I have got is gone, an worse'n dat, I owe Messieu Edware 
seventeen tousand doll are. I am gone broke, an am ob]ige to go 
to J\lessieu Edware an ask him for a job again, an I'll got it too. 
I'm d-n glad to get it too, for with de work I tink I'll earn a 
living for my wife an familee, but dat will not help me pay de 
seventeen tousand doll are, an dat seventeen tousand doll are debt 
will mak worry me very much, for when I'm a young boy my 
modder will say onto me, " William, if you mak de debt an don't 
pay de debt in dis worl', you'll have to pay it in de nex'," an dat 
will wory me very much. By an by I'll mak up my min' to go 
right at it. I'll go on de confess. I'll go tree times on de con- 
fess, but de priest she'll not tak' de confess for dat seventeen tou- 
sand dollare. Den I'll mak' up my min' I'll go right to de Lord 
herself, an I'll say to de Lord, " Now, jus' look here, dere hain't 
any use in talking; you'll mak' me wise enough to earn a farm an 
everyting a man she's want for herself an her familee, but aftare 
dat you'll mak' me fool enough to lose it all. Now, I want you, 
Lord, for tak' dat seventeen tousand doll are youself and jus' fix it 
up de bes' way you can't," an aftare dat I'll nevaire hear Messieu 
Edware talking of dat seventeen tousand dollare again. Aftare 
all Messieu Edware send me to build shanty for de King an de 
Queen, an I'll do it again if he want me, an by an by I'm getting 
ole, perhaps too ole to do de work for Messieu Edware, an I'll go 
on Englan an perhaps de King she will give me a job dere."- 
(Tremendous cheering.) 



Being an Account of Rube's and the Colonel's 
Wanderings Through the Beautiful Surroundings 
of the Capi tal. 




\Ve had said "no" so often to the question: "Have you been 
up the Gatineau?" and had the questioner look as though he felt 
real sorry for us at that" no," that we determined to make it pos- 
sible to say "yes," Now we can say "we have been up the 
Gatineau," and if \ve are not asked, we simply stop the man on 
the street and tell him about it. The Colonel and I are sort 0' 
proud of the fact that we are no longer the exceptions. Some 
readers may not know of this delightful trip, and to them I mean 
to talk-the rest already know of it. 
The Gatineau is a river nearly as wide as the l\Iiami at Day- 
ton, Ohio, and with far more water. It is 600, possibly 7 0 0, miles 
long, heading in the same portion of the country with the Ottawa. 
It is not navigable except by canoes and logs, and for them but in 
one direction, as it has more rapids, cascades and falls than the 
Ottawa has lakes, and is more crooked than the IVleander itself. 
It is more picturesque than a park, anfl more worth seeing th'1n 
many of the far-famed scenes our people go thousands of miles to 
look upon. 
There are two ways of seeing it-one by the railway itself, 
the other, and better, is to stop off at some of the more important 
stations, and leisurely wander along its tree-embowered banks, 
and thus get it's full beauty. 
Gracefield being the objective point, I have not space for the 
many pretty fishing and camping places along the way. I must. 
however, " cast" a few lines at 

3 1 4 

The Spokes. 

W akefield

21 miles out-the prettiest village on the line. It is the summer 
home of many Ottawans. N. A. Belcourt, B.A., K.C., Speaker 
of the House, the l\1.P. of frequent mention, summers here, as do 
\V. H. Rowley, T. C. Bate, Rev. J. 11. Snowdon, of St. George's, 
the much-loved chaplain of the" 43rd," and many others of. note. 
Baltimore, :Md., has her representative in that popular minis- 
 Rev. }\tIr. Guthrie. Professor 1\lacoun, the great botanist, is 
here for the third time, studying the flowers of the Gatineau. 

(( The Gatineau Cave. n 

Before leaving Ottawa I was asked: .. Where is that noted 
cave along the river?" I had in turn asked it myself. 
o one 
could tell, but now I have found it for you. It is easterly, " a 
pleasant drive;' which means ten miles from \\7 akefield, .. on the 
other side of the river." It has been explored only about one- 
fourth of a mile. 
At North \Vakefield, three miles further along, is another 
place of note-not for itself, but its surroundings. Chilcott La
is three miles westerly; there a number of Ottawans are summer- 
ing. 1\lr. W. L. l\IIarler, manager of The 1\lerchants' Bank, has 
his summer home at North \Vakefield. 

(( Gracefield. n 
Gracefield is at present the end of the road. It is 59 miles 
from Ottawa. At the rapid rate, however, at which work is being 
pushed by the Canadian Pacific, under Supuintendent Dunn, it 
will soon reach l\Ianiwaki, 23 miles further north. (It has been 
completed and opens up a grand fishing country.) 
I shall have more to say of Gracefield than of any other point 
along the line. There may be points of more interest, but the 
Colonel and I failed to find them. It was at Gracefield where we 
had our real fun. I say" fun," as that is what boys have, and 
for the time the Colonel and I were boys again. We fished and 
hunted-no, I won't say" hunted;' for we found the wild goose 
when we were not hunting for it. It was here we saw the country 
wedding in all its varied colors. "Colors," for they were its 
main feature. 
Gracefield is not 
 large town, yet covers much ground. V\í e 
passed a house not far from the station, where was a jolly lot of 
summer boarders. \Ve asked how far it was to Gracefield, and 
a bevy of pretty girls laughingly told us that we were now in the 
town itself. We were driven to the hotel, not far awav, where 
we found Captain Leech, Assistant Engineer of the C.P.R., who 
took us in charge, and to him we owe our" fun." He and his 

The Captain Thro'lvs Rube
s Fish Back into the Lake. 3 1 5 

family had been there a week, and he knew what we should see 
and do, to get the most out of our stay. 
The next morning the Captain said: "\V e will go up to 
Castor Lake, four and a half miles above Gracefield, on the new 
line." "How will we go?" asked the Colonel, who is always in- 
tE-rested in the .. how." ,. Superintendent Dunn and Paymaster 
Heney board here, and they always have a way; we will go with 
them," replied the Captain. "Ah! that is good," said the Colonel, 
cheerfully, thinking of a special car. .. Yes, Dunn and Heney al- 
ways have a way." They walked that morning. This would 
not have been so bad had it not been that it began pouring rain 
shortly after we started. I like water, but I always prefer choos- 
ing in what form to take it, and so complained. ., Don't worry 
Rube," said the Colonel; "always remember that: · Behind the 
clouds is the sun still shining,' and that: 
"Thy fate is the common fate of all, 
On to each back some rain must fall.' " 
1\ow, that was just like the Colonel. There he trudged 
along, encased in a rubber coat, advising me, without either a 
rain coat or umbrella, not to worry. It is remarkable the amount 
of philosophy a man in a rubber coat can indulge in, on the sub- 
ject of water on a rainy day. 
At the" Camp" we waited until the rain stopped, in the 
meantime making friends with the cook from Carp, who let us 
partake of some nice pies he had just made. It was the first time 
I had enjoyed the hospitality of a railroad camp, since back in 
18--, out in Kansas. I could not but notice the difference in the 
morale of the men. In Kansas the revolver was a very necessary 
implement; here, the only " revolver" I saw was the great steam 
scoop which was loading a car every two minutes. 

Bass Fishing on Castor Lake. 
\Ve got a boat, crossed the beautiful lake to " the good fish- 
ing hole," of which the Captain knew. 
I will not detail this day further than to say that it was one 
of the most delightful outings I had had in Canada. I caught 
fish until I was tired casting. I was surprised to see what a fine 
fisherman I was. I really thought that I was a wonder, and was 
making up a long stretch of "Rube as a Walton," but imagine my 
feelings when, as we were ready to pull in the lines to return to 
camp, the Captain quietly remarked: " Now, Rube, of course you 
know it is against the law to keep fish under a certain size. If we 
do, and Game "\tVarden Boyer sees us at the Vicotria Hotel, he will 
have us fined," and at that he threw nearly every blamed one of my 
fish back into the lake, and as they sank, my feelings went down too. 
But what could 1. do. I didn't want to be fined by Game Warden 

3 16 

The Spokes. 

Boyer, he was too good a fellow for me to thus embarrass; so, I 
let the Captain keep on throwing until I didn't have over a dozen 
left, which I gave to the cook at the camp to show that I appre- 
ciated the pie he had given me in the morning. That was the rea- 
son I gave, but the Colonel said I was ashamed to carry back to 
town my few little fish, when the Captain had so large a " string" 
of three pounders. It was so strange. There we sat with the 
same kind of tackle, and fishing at the same spot with the same 
kind of bait, and while I pulled out those of unlawful size, the 
Captain was "hauling" out fish to be proud of. Now, this is 
true. Explain it you who can. 

The Colonel, the Wild Goose, and the Widdy. 
The Captain had some letters to write next morning, so the 
Colonel and I went down the Pickanock (Indian for" black wat
river "), in a boat, to where it enters the Gatineau just below 
Gracefield. \Vhile we were rowing along, the Colonel spied a 
wild goose. He was, in a moment, even wilder than the goose 
itself. "Row to the shore quickly, Rube, till I run up to the 
hotel for a gun:' with which hQ soon returned. The Captain said 
he created much excitement, as a wild goose at this season of the 
year was indeed a rara avis. I had kept the goose in sight, and 
the Colonel brought him down with the first shot. \Vell, I don't 
believe Senator Proctor was prouder of that first moose than was 
the Colonel with his goose. He sat 'round the hotel piazza talk- 
ing about it till dinner. Told over and over of how we stealthily 
rowed up to within shooting distance, and how that with the first 
shol he had brought it down. But imagine his surprise when 
Murphy came up after dinner, and said: "Colonel, there's a 
woman downstairs says she would like to see you." The Colonel 
said he didn't know any of the ladies of Gracefield, and " Go down 
Murphy, and see what the lady wants; there must be some mis- 
take." But 1\Iurphy came back and said: " It's l\1:rs. 1\1aloney, 
and she insists on seeing you." The Colonel went down, and 
soon I could hear loud talking: " Ye' me or oi'll hav the lah 
olm yees. Purty mon ye ahr to shoot a pore widdy's pet goose." 
" How much do you want?" the Colonel asked. " Oi wants foive 
dollars, or oi'll have the lah ohn yees before marnin." " What, 
five dollars for one grey goose that looked so much like a wiìd 
one, that an expert could not tell the difference!" exclaimed the 
"Oi can't hilp what the goose looked loik. Is it the foive 
or the lah, quick?" Then I heard her cor..tinue in quite another 
tone. "Ah! it's a foine gintleman ye ahr. Oi hopes ye and your 
friend, the guy wid yees, may have a noice toime; but vees had 
batther go fishin' an' wait till the huntin' sa son opens, ahnd it won't 
be so expinsive-good noit, noice gintleman-oi thanks yees." 

The Country Wedding. 

3 1 7 

" Well, did you ever!" exclaimed the Colonel, as he came 
upstairs. " Yes," said I, " once, but I killed five that time." The 
Colonel, however, didn't want to hear the story. Said he'd lost 
all interest in geese. "Nothing personal, Colonel?" but he paId 
n<.' attention to my question, and I haven't dared speak of the math

The Country Wedding. 
I had often heard of these country weddings, and had seen a 
few, but everybody said I hadn't seen a real one yet. \Vell, I 
certainly saw a "real one" at Gracefield. It passed the hotel 
while the Colonel and I were there. It came from IS miles away, 
from ., back in the hills," as they told us at the hotel. There were 
sixty vehicles, from "trotting buggies" holding two, up to 
wagons with eight, The to-be bride and her father led the pro- 
cession, the friends following, their vehicles stringing along about 
fifteen feet apart, and at the very end came the groom and his 
" best man." After the ceremony, in the village church, the young 
men of the company ran ahead to the next corner, and as the briùe 
came up, on her way to the hotel, she had to salute, with a kis,;. 
(The Colonel declares that some of the boys took two), each onc 
in turn. 
"The gowns?" Ah! they were the features. The rainbow 
was not in the same class with the colors worn by the "ladies" of 
that wedding party. The bride wore a fiery-red waist, with a 
bright blue skirt, and the rest had chosen shades of all the other 
colors, and as the party moved in and out at that street corner, it 
was like an old-fashioned kaleidoscope with added mixtures of 
color. The procession now formed for the return, "back to the 
hills." \Vhere they came from we could not tell, but at a given 
signal, a man sprang to the head of each horse of the long line and 
fastened a flag to the bridle. The flags, like the gowns of the 
"ladies," were of all colors, but without any design. The bride 
and bridegroom now led the procession. The flags at the horses' 
heads fluttered in the breeze as the merry company moved away. 
In all the time, durin!! their stay in town, not one seemed to notice 
the "show" that they made for the onlookers. They acted as thongh 
they were utterly oblivious of the hundreds of eyes of critical 
Gracefield, Like animals on exhibition, they heeded not the In- 
lookers. Two days later, word came back that the party was 
still dancing and making merry. 
The bride was possibly seventeen years old, and, the Colond 
says, innocently pretty. 
V\T e may smile at what once was general custom. \Vho 
knows, but this I know, happiness at a wedding is the aim of ail, 
and that party, in its way, was as happy as anv I have ever seen, 
so what need they have cared for critical eyes? 

3 18 

The Spokes. 

The Big Trout Fish and Game Club. 
Late one night a company of gentlemen came to the hotel. 
V\' e met them next morning at early breakfast. They had come 
to Gracefield on the train, and were to be driven back to the north- 
west, 25 miles, to Pythongo Lake. They were members and th
friends of the Big Trout Fish and Game Club, which has 13ï 
square miles, with many lakes. They were going out to fish. 
Hugh "McLean, Secretary of the Club was in charge. 1\1any 
of my readers will know genial Hugh :McLean, member of the 
big IUl11her firm of l\IcLean Bros., of Buffalo. Dr. Kemble, of 
Kingston, N.Y., was going along to look after their bodies, said 
Hugh, while Rev. Dr. \Vm. Young Chapman, of Buffalo, was to 
-1 forget what the Dr. was going along to look after, but he was 
good-natured enough to have kept the party in the best of 
" spirits" during the outing, and that's what most fishing parties 
up here seem to need. Frank Palen, of Kingston, and \Vm. Kes- 
sler, ofl Halstead, Penn., made up the rest of the party. Of course, 
John Gilmour is an honorary member of this club, as is also Hon. 
\V. C. Edwards. 

Game Warden. 
There is an office which to the outside public is of much im- 
portance, so I will give it a sketch to itself, from the fact that 
Gracefield is in the heart of a great hunting country. Deer are su 
plentiful, almost within the town limits, that in the fall, hundreds 
come here to shoot, and they must have to do with the game war- 
den. P. D. Boyer, the genial host of the Victoria Hotel, one of Lhe 
best kept hotels in the Gatineau Valley. Mr. Boyer is very popu- 
lar, and most obliging in furnishing information to those con- 
tE"mplating coming for the fishing or hunting season. He knows 
the good fishing lakes, and the deer" runs," for miles around. 
Speaking of hotels, the surprise of our trip was the cheap 
rates at which one can live while having all the pleasures of 
outing at Gracefield, and no matter the appetite one may acquire 
while roaming about midst pretty scenes, or rowing on the lakes, 
the menu is always sufficient for any occasion, and good and 
wholesome is the food. 
\Ve did not get out to Blue Sea Lake, a few miles north of 
Gracefield. The extension of the rai1wa
' will pass close by 1t. 
It is very large, and said to be a fine sheet of water. Castor, with 
its many pretty arms and inlets, is several miles in length. and yet 
it is said to be small in comparison to the great Blue Sea Lake. 
North-easterly from Gracefield-about 12 miles-is one of 
the most promincñt clubs in Canada. It is 

A Famous Fish GIld Caine Club. 

3 1 9 

The Catineau Fish and Came Club, or the Thirty-one Mile 
Lake Club. 
So called from a lake 31 miles in length. The other name of I-his 
lake is Lac du Commissionaire. Its beauty may be imagined from 
 having 126 islands, ranging from one of a half acre to the 
largest, containing 726 acres. I t is separated from Lake Peme- 
changan-Io miles long-by a very narrow strip of ground, and 
although so near, it is 40 feet higher. \V onderful formation ! 
The former lake is long, the latter is circular; the one has many 
islands, the other has but three, one of which is three miles long. 
This island contains a mountain almost 1,000 feet high. Agali1, 
., VV onderful formation!" 
These lakes are very deep, water cold throughout the year, 
and are very famous for the fine quality of small-mouthed bass; 
they are never allowed to be depleted. I t would be very easy to 
average So bass per day, but the club limit the catch to 20 ba3s 
per rod. Trout fishing, which is a shorter season, is not limited. 
The club own the ground around both lakes for one mile 
back, in all, 105 miles. and the territory abounds with game, both 
large and small. 
The territory is guarded by several wardens in the employ of 
the club; the land is heavily timbered over a large area, and this is 
protected by fire wardens in the employ of "V. C. Edwards Lum- 
ber Co. 
Owing to the splendid protection given to this territory, it 
stands much in the same relation to the province of Quebec that 
the Algonquin Park does to the province of Ontario, the game 
being carefully protected. 
The club preserves extend over four townships. The ch.tb 
house is a large, handsome frame building, containing smoking-- 
room, dining-room. and 25 bed-rooms; large galleries, 12 fed 
broad, extend around the club house on three sides. There are 
also two handsome cottages. one for the superintendent and em- 
ployees, and the other for members who bring their wives or 
female members of the family. These buildings are all situated 
on the narrow neck of land separating the two lakes. 
This club have their own horses and equipment for the ac- 
commodation of members. They have two steam launches on 
Thirty-one l\Iile Lake, several boat houses, and about 30 skiffs 
and canoes. 
The officers are: President. 1fr. C. Ross, of the great depart- 
ment stores of the C. Ross Companv; Vice-President. W. Y. 
Soper; Secretary and Treasurer, J as. F. Cunningham. The other 
Directors are: 1fessrs. Russell Blackburn, Albert l\1aclaren, E. S. 
Leetl1am and \V. Hughson. 
The American members of this club are: Dr. J. D. Brvant, 
\"\T. A. Chipman, New York; E. C. Converse, -New 
York; 11. F, Cornwall, New York; R. Lindsay Colman, Red 

3 20 

The Spokes. 

Bank, N.J.; S. P. Franchot, Red Bank, N.J.; VV. P. Ritchej, 
Buffalo, N.Y.; Guy E. Robinson, New York; F. vVeber, New 
York; \V. G. \Vhite, New York; Gen. Wylie, New York. 

The Wright Fish and Game Club 
have their limits (some fifty square miles) between Thirty-one 
]\Iilc Lake and the Lievre River. Its officers are: President, ::\lr. 
F. J. Graham, of the great firm of Bryson, Graham & Co., in Ot- 
tawa; Vice-President, J\Ir, D. E. Johnson, of Beament & Johnson, 
and Secretary-Treasurer, l\lr. H. H. vVilliams. 
Like the Thirty-one J\1ile Lake Club, it has many Americ::l.!1 
members, among whom are such well-known men as T. D. and 
T. H. Downing, Roland l\1cClave, VV. L. and VV. L. S. Pierce, G. 
Fred. Hawkins, F. H. Page, S. Shibley, A. Crall, John D. Barreit 
anù H. H. Adams, jr., nearly all of New York City. 
On meeting the last named, I was reminded of the meeting of 
Julius Chambers, the famous newspaper man, and \Yill Carletoa, 
the poet. Julius was in Paris fÇ>r the N ew York Herald, and one 
day, seeing among the hotel arrivals the name of Carleton, wrote 
him: "Don't you think it is about time you and I knew each 
other? I'm your next door neighbour in Brooklyn." Mr. 
Adams' office is at 149 Broadway, where I once had an office. It 
seemed oeld that we should have had to meet, for the first time, in 
the back woods in far-off Canada. The world is often smaller 
than a city. 
"Up the Gatineau" will long be remembered as one of the 
most delightful of the Hub's Spokes. 

U King of the Gatineau." 
This was the title long borne by Alonzo, son of Tiberius, and 
grandson of the great Philemon Wright, who first settled near ,he 
mouth of this beautiful river. Alonzo vVright's home was along 
thE east bank of the Gatineau, a few miles north of where it enters 
the Ottawa. It is beautiful even yet, although since his death i_en 
years ago it has not been kept up in the kingly style of his dav. 
The questions: "Who shall inherit the title? Who shall be 
king of the Gatineau?" have long been asked. One has even as- 
sumed it, and thereby gained a fame that extends fully ten mIles 
around his little viIIage, near the bank of the stream, hut to tho-se 
eleven miles awav he is but a " Pretender," with no claims other 
than that of presttmption. 
To a stranger, looking at this wilrllv beautiful cascad(
stream, tearing it course down from the far-away north to the 
Grand at the Capital, it would seem that the title should belong 
to the man who has, and has had. most to do with the river. 
There is one who for vears has been so identified with it, that 
when you think of the onë you naturally think of the other. He 

t( King of the GatÍneau. JJ 

3 21 

has not had to do alone with a remote village upon its bank, ÍJut 
with the full length of it. He should be king of the Gatinea-J, 
and when you have read of him, I am sure you will agree wnh 
me. You will agree that the real king is 
Samuel Bingham. 
Intimately connected with the history of Ottawa during the 
years from 1880 to 1898 is the name of Samuel Bingham, for ninc 
years an alderman who worked for the city's interest, and in 1897 
became possibly the most unique mayor in Canada, having been 
elected by a good majority in a three-cornered contest against two 
men whose popularity made 11r. Bingham's friends advise him to 
"wait till next year," but from boy to man he was not one of the 
kind to wait when once he decided to act. 
1Iayor Bingham was unique in that he not only gave his 
salary to the orphanages and hospitals of the city, but gave of his 
own means for other benefits to Ottawa. To him is due the pretty 
park, named in his honor" Bingham's Park," 01l. Sussex and Dal- 
hcusie Streets, and as I have spoken elsewhere, to him is dl1e thc 
children's playground on Dalhousie Street, complete in all its ap- 
pointments. He is known and loved by all the boys, for they 
know him as their friend. 
Samuel Bingham was born in Ottawa in r846, and has '1.1- 
ways resided here. He is, in fact, a self-made man. Starting 
poor, he has become one of the Capital's wealthiest citizens. and 
what counts for more than the making of money, he is liberal wi[h 
 means. His life is a good lesson for the youth of to-day. He 
began work at $1.00 a month, and boarded at home. It was lOt 
the dollar for which he worked, but that he might gain experience 
which in after life would bring more dollars. It is said he was 
as faithful to his employer for that one hundred cents as though 
each cent had been a dollar. 
He learned the lumber business with l\Ir. James :l\Iaclaren, who 
had also started a poor boy, and became many times a millionaire. 
Years ago logs were brought down the Gatineau River wilh- 
out any system; sometimes a dozen sets of men ran them. .:\Ir. 
Geo. Brophy, connected with the Public \i\Torks Department, sug- 
g{'sted that the contract be given to one man. \\Tho to get was 
not long a' question. He who when a boy had worked for one 
dollar a month was chosen, and has ever since handled the mil- 
lions of logs, all the way along for roo miles up this raging, 
tumbling stream. 
A Great Log Jam. 
You will see in the "Gallery" a picture of one of the great
log jams ever known: 250,000 logs at the Cascades-a few mi1
up the river! Some conception of this vast pile of wealth may 
be had if you will think of one hundred acres-in places 20 feet 
deep-covered with logs, some of which were worth $40 each. 


The Spokes. 

How to move them was not long a question, for with l\'Ir. 
Bingham there is never a question. "Find a way" is his motto. 
In this instance he invented a way, and that way is so graphicaily 
described by Charlie Askwith, who went up to see the sight, that 
I will give it, in part, as it will show some of the work of 

Logging on, the Gatineau. 
"Time and time again the story has been told how brave 
river men take their lives in their hands, and leaping out on the 
front of the log jam loosen the key log, often only to be swept 
under the jam and crushed lifeless. 
But the ex-l\Iayor has changed all this, and even the pictur- 
esque river men have to make way for the advance of the all-pre- 
vailing machinery. 
The ex-l\layor has invented a plan which has never been tried 
before on the Gatineau. It was. put in operation to-day. 
The machine is very simple. On a large raft or crib a 
stationery steam engine has been set up. Attached to this is a 
drum, on which a wire cable with a hook on the end of it, winds 
and unwinds. 
The engine and cribwood is towed up to the jam. The raft is 
tied to a pier in such a way that if the jam suddenly breaks, and 
fifty thousand logs come careering down the river, the crib is 
swept aside and no harm comes to it. 
The hook in the cable is attached to the logs on the top of the 
jam. They are pulled from the top one by one without strain or 
danger. The operation is very rapid, and with good work one 
log a second ought to be set sailing down the stream, to the 
seventy-five or eighty sorters that the ex-l\Iayor keeps at the 
mouth of the river to sort out logs belonging to the differ
The application of this new idea occurred to the ex-Mayor, 
who may be said to be the inventor of this new system of jam 
The French-Canadian river men that l\Ir. Bingham has work- 
ing for him are all bright young fellows, who know the spirits of 
the river, and in the light of the camp fire at night can tell won- 
derful stories of how the spirits of dead Indians haunt the hills 
beyond, of the Loup Garou and of the terrible \iVindigo. This is 
a great animal or spirit. and if you come across his tracks in the 
woods, and are fool-hardy enough to cross them, you will neVèr 
more be seen by mortal eye. 
One man knew of a cook, Baptiste, who once crossed the 
Vvïndigo's track, and was never seen again." 
This river and " shanty lore" should be collected. It is full 
of interest, but with the crowding on of civilization ( ?), it is fast 
being lost. It is said by those who know, that there are no mOïe 
entertaining men in the world than the river and shanty men, with 

u The Yankee among the Shanties. JJ 

3 2 3 

their legends, songs, and rare stories. If ever I find the time, I 
shall spend a winter in the woods, and collect them for a book- 
and should you ever see on some far-away book stand, 

The Yankee among the Shanties, 
you will know without looking at the title page that it is "Rube 
and the Colonel's" own experience in the forests of Canada. 
I\1r. Bingham, it is claimed, has handled more logs than any 
other living man. 
This public spirited citizen, while Alderman and I\Iayor, 
worked as conscientiously as though conducting his own private 
affairs. He worked with judgment as well as liberality. \Vhen 
Chairman of the Board of \tV orks, he repaired, at his own ex- 
pense, the Rideau Bridge, which had become unfit for public use. 
His efforts brought to Ottawa the first steam roller. Sparks 
Street was paved also through his efforts. 
\tVhen elected lVlayor, he showed his appreciation by giving 
a great banquet, not only to the representative men of the city, 
but of the nation as well, after which he gave a luncheon to Ll1e 
ladies, for be it known, the lVlayor never forgets the ladies. 
During the year of his mayoralty, the Pope, Leo XIII, honor- 
ed him by appointing him Chevalier of the Holy Sepulchre, one 
of the most distinguished honors that can be conferred by the 
Pope on any person outside of clerical circles. 
The city press has paid I\1r. Bingham much deserved com- 
pliment. The Ottawa J ollrnal said: " I\Iayor Bingham is held by 
aU to be a big-hearted man, a citizen of good character and clean 
record, who has won the honors." The Free Press said: " In the 
new l\Iayor the citizens have a man in whom they may justly have 
every confidence," while the Citizen said: " He is a shrewd, ener- 
gltic man, accustomed to handle large and importc o ll1t enterprises. 
He is thoroughly honest, a man of means, and of considerable in- 
dependence of character, and is, moreover, a genial, whole-souhyf 
warm-hearted Irishman." 
I have given the " King" much space, for such as he count 
fa.r more in the interest of a city's welfare than men of words 

3 2 4 

The Spokes. 


It was a perfect morning in August. The Colonel and I had 
planned for a number of days to take this trip, but other things 
had taken our attention, and then came the perfect day. 
It was onc of those mormngs you feel the joy of each breath, 
you are content with yourself and everything about you; the people 
around you look happy, for you yourself are happy. The" Em- 
press" starts from the Queen's Wharf, on Sussex Street, at 7.45 
a.m. Weare up early, and are at the boat with a half hour to wait. 
\tVe sit and watch the happy excursionists come aboard. They 
come, from baby in arms to tottering age-the little girls carrying 
their dolls, as the mother-love in their hearts makes them want 
dolly to have" a good time" too. The picture around us takes in 
the pinacles of the Parliament Buildings, above the tree-clothçd 
bluff, upon which they proudly sit; the long Interprovincial Bridge 
spanning the Ottawa as it reaches across to Hull on the north or 
Quebec side: the Chaudiere Falls in the west distance, surrounded 
by the mills of industry; the far-away hills to the north and to ihe 
east; the river flowing on through lakes and rapids, to join its 
companions on their journey to the sea. Here and thcre we see 
little boats plying in and out among the floating refuse from the 
saw mills above, and on inquiry find that the 

Wood Gleaners 
are an Ottawa feature. At early morning and after working hours 
in the evening, these gleaners are out with their boats, gathering 
wood for their winter store. They have a long rod, \-vith an iron- 
pointed spear and hook, by which they draw to the boat pieces of 
floating board or slab, and when they have a load, row to the bank 
and deposit it, to be drawn to their houses later on. There is a 
code of honor among them which makes their little piles of wood 
as safe as though in their own cellar at home. As I write, there 
is passing an Amazon, in a boat harùly large enough to hold her, 
yet she plies the spear and hook as dexterously as the men, and 
wholly oblivious of all danger of an upset; yet, for that matter, she 
is quite safe, as by no possible chance could she sink if the boat did 
The whistle blows, the wheels turn, and we are off. To the 
right we pass the Ottawa Rowing Club, and far up the bluff we 
pass "Earnscliffe," the former home of the great Sir John A. 
l\Iacdonald; then the Ottawa mills of Hon. \V. C. Edwards. and 
the Rideau Falls; after which we come in view of the beautifll1 
Rockliffe Park. Just before rounding the turn of the river, we 
pass the Ottawa Canoe Club house at the end of the Park. To 

Down the Ottawa. 

3 2 5 

the left, in mid-stream, is Kettle Island, extending three miles down 
the river; to the right again we see, here and there, along the well- 
shaded banks, the tents of many campers-and, apropos of outing, 
I have never been in a land where tent camping is so general as 
here. It is certainly an ideal way of fully enjoying the summer. I 
sometimes think that I would have made a good gipsy. A SIWlIIwr 
gipsy, I mean. Still to the right stands, in the distance, a tall !lag 
staff. The bank is too high to see the tents and quarters at -:.he 
Rifle Range, but we know they are there, for we have often en- 
joyed the hospitality of the " boys" gathered here from all paris 
of the Dominion for rifle practice. 
The waters of the Ottawa are as smooth this morning as my 
" Shadow Picture" at Lake Bouquet-shown in The Yankee in 
Five miles below the city we pass Duck Island, to the right as 
we come in view of East Templeton to the left. Here are the 
mills of the I\Iaclarens. Bell rings for breakfast; then we regret 
we had not known of this boat breakfast, but we had not known of 
it, and had to hunt out an open restaurant among the many closed 
ones, as Ottawa is not an early riser. 
The river widens below East Templeton, and narrows again 
before reaching the pretty grove-surrounded summer resort of 
Besserers, II miles below. From Besserers to Cumherland, 9 
miles farther on to the right (Ontario side). It is j l1st river, river, 
beautifully banked with pretty farms, in places reaching to the 
water's edge, while at others the scenery is wild and picturesque. 
Cumberland is a pretty little village sitting on the hillsi
framed in sylvan cosiness. A mile away, and on the Quebec side, 
we come to Buckingham, Prince's \Yharf. The town of Ducking- 
ham itself is four mi]es to the north, on the C. P. R. It is quite a 
considerable place-3,ooo inhabitants. It was here that the late 
James :Maclaren made many of his millions. He is the l\Iaclaren 
about whom I told you, who as a boy, crossed Lake Deschenes, with 
all his few possessions in a canoe, on his way to \Vakefield, on the 

This town of 2,000 inhabitants is one of the most important 
on the river. It might be called Hon. VV. C. Edwards' town. '1 his 
is literally true, for with his two great mills gone, Rock-land would 
be its name alone. These are but a part of his lumber interests. 
Four miles below, on the Quebec side, we reach Thurso, with 
its large church and small houses. It is a village of 700 inhabi- 
tants. Our friend, J. _\. Cameron, Crown Lands Agent, come<; 
aboard for a trip dO\\'n the river. This is the home of Captain 
Fred Elliott. captain of our boat, the" Empress," one of the best- 
liked men on the river. \Ve shortly pass the Tlltlrso Tslands, with 
their" animal" outlined trees. Look at them from a òistanLe, 
and if your imagination is a vivid one, you n 1 ay see many ')d(1 

3 26 

The Spokes. 

shapes of things. vVendover and Treadwell, 35 and 40 miles from 
Ottawa, are but stopping places. Along here come in the two 
rivers, the 1\ orth Nation from the Quebec, and the South Nation 
from the Ontario side. They are considerable streams, and enter 
the Ottawa almost opposite to each other. 
Papineauville, on the Korth Nation, is a little town, but one 
fuIi of enterprise. It has a number of mills. The .l\1isses Chabots 
have here a very popular hotel, frequented by mäny OUawans. 
vVe next reach the most famous village on the Ottawa River, 
made so by reason of its having been the home of the Hon. Louis 
J. Papineau, who, though called" The Rebel of I837," did greater 
things, possibly, for Canada than any other one man of his time. 
Did greater things, or set in motion those things which were after- 
wards consummated, by reason of which Canada vastly benefited. 
I cannot even touch upon his life, since it has taken many 
volumes to outline it, but I can advise you to read of this remark- 
able man, who for so many years was intimately connected with 
the political affairs of this northern country. The village is 

111 ontebcllo. 
4 b miles down the river from Ottawa. On the north bank, there is 
the Chateau .l\lontebello, on one of the very few old French seig- 
niorial establishments existing at the present time, and the ')nly 
one in the Province of Quebec. Its former extent was a square 
of I8 miles, reaching back and along the Ottawa. The :Manor 
House, a large and solidly-built stone structure, may be seen from 
the steamer, a short distance west of the landing. Its site was 
ideally selected, on a high elevation overlooking the river. It is 
reached by a long detour through the town to the Manor entrance, 
thence along a densely shaded winding roadway, that calls to mind 
the entrance way to some old English castle. 
I had been told of the courtesy of its present owner, Louis J. 
A. Papineau, son of the great leader, but was not prepared for the 
charming manner in which this courtly gentleman received and 
entertained me. I am sorry to note it. but the: "\Vell, what can I 
do for you?" is the chilling reception too often given one. Oh, 
the contrast! The three hours I spent at the Manor will ever be 
rcmembered as happy ones. They flew away all too soon, for 
what with visiting, going through his library of 5,000 volumes, 
selected by his cultured father, looking over rare paintings, and 
going through his museum, listening to his entertaining: "This 
was picked up at Rome, that at Algiers, and these are some rare 
bits from Pompeii," the time for the boat's return came long before 
I wished for it. The famous painting of his father, from which 
most of the pictures seen have been copied, hangs in his parlor. 
It was painted by M -, of Quebec, who died a few years ago, 
aged over 80. He has another portrait of his father, at 50; from 

Caledonia Springs. 

3 2 7 

this his present wife, a lady of much beauty and culture, has maùe 
a good copy, which was nresented to the province, and hangs In 
the Parliament Buildings in Quebec. The portrait of his mother 
shows a face of queenly beauty. The library is mostly of classical 
and historical books; there are only a few novels, and they of the 
best writers. It contains some rare volumes, such as l\lemoirs of 
Lafayette, and others of illustrious world men. He has had built 
a house separate for his collection of curios. I have never seen 
so fine a collection in a private museum as this. He has gathered 
from all countries in Europe except Russia. Algiers has contrib:..1t- 
ed as well, and what is remarkable, he has few curios but are of 
interest. :l\Iany excursionists and tourists visit his museum, as ..)n 
each Saturday afternoon he shows visitors through. This day 
there were many to see it, some from as far away as New Haven, 
Conn., and numbers from Ottawa. 
1r. Papineau was among the 
political exiles after the Rebellion, along with his father, and spent 
two years in New York City in the practice of law. "I remained 
long enough," he said, " to kno
v and ever after think well of the 
Yankees." This was pleasing to hear. 
That visit will ever be a delightful memory. It was one of 
those which, in this busy age, are too rarely made, even when the 
opportunity is more rarely offered. 
On the way to the boat I stopped to see one of the prettiest 
churches I have seen in Canada-not a large church, but a very 
unique one. I t was planned by :0: apoleon Bourassa, the well- 
know architect, a relative of .l\Ir. Papineau. 
At ::\Iontebel1o is the Owens Lumber Company. Their mills 
are very extensive. Hon. Senator Owens, of Ottawa, is of the 
company. The points of interest beyoncllVlontebeJ1o are L'Original, 
Grenville, and further on a short distance, though not on the steam- 
boat line, is Hawkesbury, a town of 5,000, situated on islands and 
the south shore of the Ottawa. It is a very extensive lumbering 
L'Original is the county seat of the Counties of Prescott and 
Russell. It is here that tourists leave the boat to go back a few 
miles to the south to 
Caledonia Springs, 
a famous resort as far back as in the forties. when \Vm. Park'
made them so famous as a resort for Americans. Their fame 
waned for years, but is now becoming even greater, as vast im- 
provements are being made. 
Grenville is the end of the excursion, but many through pas- 
sengers take the little cars and go over a unique railroad, 13 miles 
long and five feet six inches wide-the only" Broad Gauge" rail- 
road in America. They again take the boat, the " Sovereign," at 
Carillon, and go on to lVlontreal. Of this part of the trip I have 
told fully in The \V andering Yankee, and will not retell it here. 

3 28 

The Spokes. 

There were on board many well known people, among them 
1\1r. R. '-tV. Shepherd, Senator J. D. l\lcGregor, of New Glasgow, 
N.S.; D. C. Fraser, the jovial 1\L P. (since made a judge), for 
Guysborough, N.S.; C. F. :McIsaac, 1\1.P. for Antigonish, N.S., 
seat of the late Sir J olm Thompson; and Alex. Johnson. the youth- 
ful member for Cape Breton, N.S. Among others were Hector 
Chauvin, a prominent attorney of J\'Iontebello, and :1\1r. B. B. 
Keefer, editor of the Ottawa Cit.izen. 
Here's the Colonel again, who, as usual, wants to know 
" why?" This time it's" why don't you mention the ladies?" I 
fear if he were writing this, you'd think that Canada had no men. 
The Colonel remained on the boat, and had gone on to Grenville, 
and I had much to tell him of the pleasant things he had missed 
by not stopping off with me at 1\Iontebcllo. 
'-tVe reached Ottawa about 6.30. This was the most pleasant 
day's outing I have had in Canada. I may have seen more of 
beauty, but for real pleasure, it was the most delightful of all. 

Later.-The foregoing was written of a 1903 trip. Shortly 
after, 1\1r. Papineau's death occurred. I visited 1\10ntelJello just 
in time. The old " country gentlemen" are fast passing, and their 
places are being taken by the men who know no leisure. The'11\:'n 
of to-day are even in a hurry with their pleasure. 

Later.-On Thursday night, Oct. 7th, 1904, 1\lr. David Rus- 
sell, the proprietor of the Grand Hotel at the above mentioned 
Caledonia Springs, gave there a banquet to his friend, the HOll. 
\Vm. Pugsley, Attorney-General of Nova Scotia, which has pos- 
sibly never been surpassed in Canada, 

A $15,000 Banquet. 
for magnificence of entertainment. This hospital millionaire 
brought one hundred and fifty of his guests from far away St. 
John-the beautiful" city of the sea,"-in a special train of eleven 
cars, to which three were added at ::\Iontreal. From Uttawa alhl 
other Canadian cities came many prominent friends of 1\1r. RU5-- 
sell-men who like himself have made their rank in the world of 
finance and of State, since they left their early home by the sea. 
This banquet, although far surpassing anything of its kind, 
in this old hostelry, brought back, in mind, .. the other men and 
tht. other days," when the Grand was the mecca of the thousands 
who sought perfection of entertainment, and in the hands of 1\.1r. 
Russell, those old days will come again. 

Ottawa Transportation Company. 

3 2 9 


That day we went down the Ottawa, we saw many long blue 
barges going up and down the river, in tows of six to twelve, 
drawn by powerful tugs-practically steamboats. On inquiry, 
we learned that they belonged to the Ottawa Transportation Com- 
pany, whose President is everybody's friend, genial D. l\1urphy, 
l\I.P.P. The fleet consists of 80 barges and 6 steamers, one of the 
largest on the continent for inland service. 
This company carry a large portion of the millions of lumber 
that is sawed in and about Ottawa. They take it to Montreal, 
Quebec, and as far as Whitehall-the canals being too shallow to 
allow them to go farther. The immense size of one of these 
barges may be seen by the capacity. They carry as mnch as 
350,000 feet of lumber. 
l\Ir. Murphy came to Ottawa when a boy of twelve years, and 
worked his way up from cabin boy through all positions to captain, 
then part owner of a small fleet, finally principal owner of this 
great service. He is a director of the Bank of Ottawa, and of 
many other large mercantile establishments in the Capital. 

33 0 

The Spokes. 


The Colonel came in one morning in great good humor. 
" Rube," he began, " I've heard of one of the finest half-day trips 
about Ottawa. Holmden told me about it, and Holmden is aut110- 
rity on the beautiful, when it comes to scenic pleasures. He says 
that the 26 miles up the Deschenes lake from Queen's Park is full 
of interest, and that the falls at the west end of the lake are unique, 
owing to their number. Get ready, as the trolley car we have to 
take starts at 2 o'clock. It starts from under the Dufferin Bridge." 
We caught the car, went out through Hull and Aylmer to 
Queen's Park, where the steamer " George B. Greene" was fast 
being filled by a merry company of excursionists and tourists, this 
being one of the trips the wise tourist takes when visiting Ottawa. 
" Half a day for half a dollar." 
Weare on and off without delay, as Captain Chartier is a 
prompt Captain. 
"Hello! Kedey!" "Colonel, that is Mr. Kedey, who owns the 
Grand View Hotel at Fitzroy Harbor, where Major Brown, yon 
know, told us to go if we wanted a good time and good treatment. 
I'm going to get him to point out the places along the lake, as the 
:Major says Kedey knows the lake like a book, as he used to run 
rafts down the Ottawa. Yes, I'll ask him to tell us all the points 
of interest." 
II No," desisted the Colonel, for once considerate, "he might 
not like to be bothered." 
" \Vhat! Why the l\1ajor says that Kedey is never hanoier 
than when doing some favor for people." 
" All right." And it was. We found him and kept him busy 
all the way up. Brown was correct, he did know the Ottaw
. and 
particularly the Deschenes Lake (a widening of the river), called, 
in 1832, Chaudiere Lake, vide Lieut.-Colonel Joseph Bonchette. 
I cannot go into details. I'll give you what there is to be seen, 
and the obliging Captain wiII point out the places. 
Three miles across and up the lake, we stop at 

Berry's Wharf, 
with its old stone brewery, now out of commission. This is on 
the south, or Ontario side, on which side are most of the stops. 
A mile above Berry's,. Kedey asks: " See the little old stone 
church? There is 
Pinhey's Point, 
named for Captain Pinhey, an English officer who came out with 
others in the early part of the last century (about 1818). In 
church are kept the names of the early settlers. That long stone 

Deschenes Lake Trip. 

33 1 

house was the Captain's home. In front of it, on terraces, are 
some little cannon, or the last time I was there." 

Smith's Point 

is next. Then comes 

Armitage's Wharf, 
from which we run toward the north or Quebec shore. Looking 
through the trees we see 
The Dominican Cottage, 
ed as a summer home for young students of the Dominican 
12 Miles Island 
is seen in the middle distance-12 miles to Aylmer, and 12 miles to 
Quyon. Hence the name. 

Basken's Wharf 
is the next on the Ontario side. The lake widens into broad 

Constance Bay, 
a beautiful sheet of water. Ask the Captain to tell you the 
Indian Story 
in connection with this bay, No, he may be busy, so I'Ulet Kedey 
tell it. He calls attention to Sandy Point, a long point formed by 
narrow Buckham's Bay, running in almost paraUel with the larger 
"This locality has a history," began Kedey. "In the early 
French days, the voyageurs' only me
ns of reaching the far we
was by the OUa wa. 

Indian A1assacre. 
"On one occasion a large number of these voyageurs were 
coming- up the river from 110ntreal, for furs. They would have 
nm into an l.ndian ambush, but for a warning given them by a 
friendly Indian. He pointed out the camp where the Iroquois 
were entrenched, waiting for them. They turned and made a 
wide detour, coming up Buckham's Bay, behind the camp of the 
savages, and after a short. sharp battle, killed an the Indians, and 
went on their way up the Ottawa." 
" Say, Kedey," I asked, " suppose the Indians had made that 
wide detour, and after that short, sharp battle had killed aU the 
voyageurs, would it have been caned a battle?" 
" Oh, no; no, indeed, Rube; it would have, in that case, been 
a wicked massacre." 

33 2 

The S þoku. 

Bluebcrr'j' County'j'. 
This point between the bays is a great blueberry section. Four 
square miles is devoted almost exclusively to this berry. 
Beyond the next lighthouse, about a mile, you can see far up 
toward the east, Buckham's Bay, spoken of above. The scen
all about is very pretty. Across to the north is :l\Iohr's Island Re- 
serve, of the Upper Ottawa Improvement Company. 

On M ohy' s Island, 
with the little houses on the Easterly End, there is a great boom. 
Haunted House. 
Across to the South, Kedey points out the" Haunted House." 
It is so queer how quickly an empty house becomes" haunted." 

Maclaren's Wharf. 
From the wharf, past a little clump of trees, is pointed out the 
birthplace of the late James J\laclaren, many times a .. lumberman 
millionaire. " 
The only considerable town on the way is reached shortly b
fore coming to the Chats Falls. It is a summer resort for many 
OUa wans. 
"Oh, see," exclaimed a lady, shortly after passing Quyon, 
" there comes a town down the lake, drawn by a steamboat! Say, 
Mr. Kedey," (all the ladies by this time knew Kedey), "is that 
the way you move your towns up here in Canada?" 
" .My dear lady, that is not a town; it is a timber raft." 
" A timber raft! Why, it looks like a lilliputian town, with 
all those tiny houses. Oh, isn't it too funny!" And she made a 
note of it. It did look like a lilliputian town, with its fifty houses 
for the men to sleep in. 
We now came in sight of 

Chats Falls. 
Be sure to call this H Shaw," else you will be taken for a foreigner 
or stranger in " these here parts." As I have said elsewhere, the 
river is here three miles across. The Falls are the dropping of 
the level of Chats to Deschenes Lake-4I feet. There are q. sepa- 
rate falls, some of them very beautiful. There is here a 150,000 
horse-power going to waste. 
 steamboat pa55e5 along in front of th
st of them. giv- 
ing the passeng
rs a good vi
w from th
 deck. Jmagin
. if you 
will, a great dam of rock 41 feet high, three miles long, with here 

u The World is Small." 


and there openings through which the water passes in vast, tumbl- 
ing, foaming volumes, and between the openings, tree-covered, 
rocky islands, which separate the water into the various falls. The 
large one ahead, as a matter of course, Kedey points out as 
"Mohr's Island." Then he remarks: "Of course, you notice 
there are more of this name than all others," at which the Colonel 
decides Kedey shall be fined, but Sayer has nothing stronger than 
cream soda. This, the Colonel again decides, is cause enough for 
remitting the fine. 

Fitzroy Harbor 
is the end of the run. We came again on a Wednesday, when the 
boat starts at 9 a.m., instead of 2 p.m. On Saturday the boat 
does not stop at Fitzroy Harbor, but on Wednesday it stops for 
two or more hours, giving the passengers ample time to be ferried 
across to Kedey's Grand View House, where a good dinner is 
served for 25 cents. This is one of the favorite trips about 
Ottawa, and yet many an Ottawan has never taken it. Like 
Bostonians, who live so near Bunker Hill monument, that they 
never visit it. If, however, the people here realized how delight- 
ful an outing this is, they would surely take it. \Ve liked it so 
well that we acquired the habit, and went often. 

It The World is Small." 
On coming back down the lake on one of these excursions, I 
could not but think, " What a little world this is after all !" I was 
attracted to a sweet-faced child-a little girl. I talked with her. 
I found her very interesting, and soon learned that she was from 
near New York, and was greatly surprised to find in her the child 
of an old friend, a near-by neighbor of years ago. I had lost all 
account of them, and far away from the old home, here on Lake 
Deschenes, in Canada, little Ruth Young lisped the news: "My 
papa is dead; an I am at Dranpa's, in Ottawa." 


The S pooes. 


" Colonel," said I, when we reached Kingston, II what do you 
think of it?" 
"I think that the man who called this the 'Rideau Canal' 
should have had anotþer guess. 'Canal' for so much of beauty is 
nothing short of libe1." 
I will wager that every time you have heard of the Rideau 
Canal, you made a mental picture of a ditch, running from Ottawa 
to Kingston, 126}4 miles long, with a little tow path on one side, 
with a sleepy mule at one end-of a long rope, pulling a long, rakey, 
white canal boat. Now, honest, didn't you? I did, and don't 1 
blame you. \tV ell , never again think of one of the loveliest bits of 
beauty in all Canada as a ditch, for it is nothing of the kind. 1n-. 
stead it is a river resembling England's Thames, but wider, con- 
necting a chain of magnificent lakes. In places cuts have been 
made, and these cuts-aside from that part in and near Ottawa- 
are, all told, not over ten miles long. They do not detract, but, 
add beauty by contrast with the river and lakes. The Rideau is 
historical. Along its banks were the first settlements of this part 
of the country. At Burritt's Rapids-or its modern name, " Bur- 
ritts on the Rideau "-Stephen Burritt settled in 1793, and where 
his son, Colonel Edmund, was born-the first white child in this 
portion of Canada. Later Bradish Billings settled on its eastern 
bank, near where now Ottawa stands. He was soon followed by 
many other pioneers, in N epean, on the western side of the river. 
I am seldom at a loss for words to describe what is to be look- 
ed upon in Canada, as the very beauty of the scenery enthuses one 
to easy expression, but fo!" the Rideau Lakes, I fear that words 
would but detract from their real worth. I t is one of those tours 
about which there is but one thought or spoken expression, "They 
are beautiful!" 
Starting from Ottawa, at 3 o'clock, one clear August after- 
noon, with Captain Noonan, in the "Rideau Queen," we passed 
leisurely along the park-like borders of the canal, where the Park 
Commissioner's best work may be looked upon. Never before 
had we fully realized the work this Commission is doing, for in no 
other way may its magnificence be so well viewed as from the third 
deck of the little steamer. And when we think that it has just 
begun, we need draw a mental picture of what the miles of park 
will be when the trees and rare plants and shrubbery are fully 
grown. And that C011t111ission's work is done for lo've of City 
alone, for it gets no pay in money. 
Not until we have passed the locks beyond the Experimental 
Farm does the " Queen" show us her speed, but when we reach 
the river she becomes a thing of life, and the tree-bordered banks 
fly past as by a railway train. 

Kingston and the 1,000 Islands. 


I do not dare begin a description of what may be seen along 
or through the river and lakes to the summit (282 feet higher than 
Ottawa) at Newboro vilJage, and on from thence through the lakes, 
enchained by the Cataraqui River, to Kingston (164 feet lower 
than Newboro village), on the St. Lawrence. 'Twould take a 
volume, while I have but space for a running sketch, and yet I 
fain would say enough to make you wish to see what we have seen, 
knowing that your thanks will be given for inducing you to be- 
come a tourist through so much of beauty. 
To give you some conception of the lakes, the Big Rideau is 
21 miles long, and in places 7 to 8 miles wide. This great lake, 
with its hundreds of islands, is, as you may imagine, rarely beauti- 
ful. It is like the Thousand Islands in Miniature. Many of 
these Islands contain cottages and are much beautified. 
There are numerous towns along the way, the most promin- 
ent being Smith's Falls, 60 miles from Ottawa. It is an important 
railroad junction, and a very enterprising town. 
Kingston and the 1,000 Islands. 
I would tell you of Kingston, one of the well known cities 
of Canada, by reason of its being a great summer resort for 
Americans, but I find it of so great importance that I must re- 
serve it for a book by itself, and not count it as but a "spoke" to 
thÜ: great" Hub." It is a "Hub" itself with its own "spokes," 
lying in the centre of so much beauty in lake and river scenery, 
that tens of thousands of our people annually find their way to 
this gateway to the Thousand Islands. And yet, I cannot pass 
it by without saying a word about its delighful people. They 
do make one love their City by their genial manner towards the 
stranger, and I do not wonder that the tourist comes and comes 
again, year after year, to spend the summer among them Every 
""ne with whom you come in contact seems to feel that it is his 
duty to make you like his city, and you go away, only to say nice 
things about Kingston, and to tell your friends if ever they go 
to Canada to stop off and partake of their hospitality, and then 
ever after have your friends thank you for it. 
Oh, I beg pardon, I came near forgetting to tell you how to 
Teach Kingston from the States. This is an important feature, 
and in telling it will at the same time put you in the way of reach- 
ing any part of Canada by the best route. You are, say, in New 
York City, Boston, Albany, or any of the great cities of the State 
of New York, or in Cincinnati, St. Louis, Chicago or other of 
the western cities, all you need to do is to take the N ew York 
Central train and come direct to either Clayton or Cape Vincent, 
N ew York. If by the former you are almost in the midst of the 
housand Islands, through which you pass on your way across 
the beautiful St. Lawrence to Kingston. From the moment you 
get on board the steamer at Clayton, the pleasure of the trip be- 
gins. By this direct route you not only see the beauty of the 

33 6 

The Spokes. 

Rideau trip, of which words fail me in describing, but you see 
as we.l1 as the Thousand Islands, of whose beauty all have heard 
And Just here I must tell you, that which I had known before com- 
ing to Canada, and which I warrant you do not know, i.e. the inex- 
pensiveness of seeing the Islands. I had often heard of the 
Thousand Islands, but had the impression that to see them pro- 
perly would be a very expensive matter, but the Thousand Island 
Steamboat Company run regular steamers, and for a trifling COit 
you may see all parts of the Islands to the very best advantage. 
These trips are: (I) The fifty-mile tour by the fast observation 
steamer "New Island Wanderer." On this tour you see both 
the American and Canadian Channels, passing all the summer rc- 
sorts, beautiful residences, historical places, and picturesque spots. 
(2) "The Club Ramble," in the steel plate steam yacht " Ram- 
ona." By this tour you pass in and out through the intricate 
channels, seen only by this narrow shallow-draught little vessel. 
These are daylight tours, but possibly the most delightful of 
all is (3) the tour by night in the palatial steamer" St. Lawrence." 
Nothing like it in all the world. It is spectacular and marvelous- 
ly fascinating. The steamer has a searchlight of 1,000,000 candle 
power. So intense is the light that it seems to turn night into 
day. It flits here and there, searching out the beauty spots, and 
framing them in darkness, intense by contrast, making pictures 
one can never forget. 
No wonder that this island region has been termed "The 
Venice of the vVestern Hemisphere!" And yet, thousands of our 
people have "raved" over the beauties of the distant scene, who 
have never looked t1
on this fairyland so near at home. 
These are but suggestions of trips, the details might run to 
any length, so much is there of worth to see, on the way from 
Clayton to the Capital. Many tourists stop over at Kingston, or 
leisurely tour the Rideau lakes, where fishing is so excellent. This 
latter fact I know, as the Colonel and I spent three days at one 
place, where we caught more bass than we had ever caught before 
in any waters. This is one of the tours where the fish stories and 
pictures of " one day's catch" may be relied upon. 
Do you enjoy a water trip? Let me then tell you how that 
after you have visitcd the beautiful Capital City, you may go 
aboard the "Empress" to Grenvill
, and at Carillon take the 
" Sovereign" and go down the Ottawa-the veritable Grand 
River-to 110ntreal, where again you may take anyone of the 
many floating palaces of the Richelieu and Ontario Navigation 
Company, and go down the St. Lawrence to Quebec, and still 
again by the same line from Quebec to and up the wierd Saguenay, 
of which strange river I have so often told you. If you have the 
time, and take this inland tour from Clayton to Chicoutimi, it will 
be told, long years from now, to the happy group about your knee, 
who will never tire of hearing of when " dranpa and dranma was 
to Canada." 

II I Always Kiss the Pretty Girls of Ten and Under. n 337 


We have been told of the cordiality of the citizens of HuH, 
and especially were advised to " go to Hull on New Years' Day, 
if you would see the hospitality of its people." The Colonel and 
J took the advice, and were fortunate in having as our cicerone, 
that genial notary, Mr. Henry Desjardins, who was known J.nd 
welcomed wherever he went. We had never before met so man v 
French-speaking people in their homes as on this occasion; they 
were so delightful in their hospitality, and so genuine in their 
greeting, that we learned that day what we had missed in not 
knowing before, their home life. We shall ever remember with 
rare pleasure our N ew Years in Hull. 
An old citizen had told the Colonel that among the N öv 
Year's customs of Hull, he must expect the ladies to greet him 
with a kiss. Now, to you who know the Colonel, it will be no 
surprise to hear him say, on his way back to Ottawa that night: 
" Rube, I'm a bit disappointed. I'm going to-morrow to hunt t.p 
that old citizen, and tell him what I think. 'Greet us with a kiss !' 
Why, I only got one kiss all day, and that from a sweet little lady 
of thirteen summers, and no winters, if I may judge from her sun- 
shine, and I had to take that-I couldn't help it." 
This reminded me of once kissing a little girl of ten, saying 
at the time: " I always kiss the pretty girls of ten and under." 
She turned to a maiden aunt, who stood by, and asked: 
" Auntie, how old are you?'
 "Auntie" was over ten, and re- 
fused to state her summers. 

La Guignolée. 
New to us, and will be to many of you, is the French custom, 
"La Guignolée" (pronounced Ginolee), and yet so old that 
Caesar must have known of it. I will first give you its origin, 3.nd 
then the pretty custom itself as seen here. 
In the time of the ancient Druid priests, in Chatres, in Beauce 
and Normandy, it was their (the Druids) custom to gather the 
mistletoe, along about the 21st of December, for holiday decora- 
tion. They would bless it, and give it out to the people, for their 
merry season. That everybody might be happy at this time, gifts 
were collected from the well-to-do, on the night before N ew Year, 
and distributed among the poor, amid much singing and jollity. 
As the mistletoe in French is " gui " (gee, " g," hard as in gorge), 
the French for" the Singing of the Mistletoe," is " La Guignolée," 
hence the custom became known as La Guignolée, and a quaint 
melody also bears the name, and this quaint melody is always sung 
by the band of merry gift distributors. 

33 8 

The Spokes. 

Some weeks before the holiday season, preparations are made, 
often on a large scale; food, clothing, or simple gifts are donated 
for the occasion by the generous people. These are collected into 
large sleighs, the band dress in a peculiar costume, with long 
white beards and tall odd-shaped hats, and when all is in readi- 
ness, they start on their rounds, singing the quaint melody, from 
door to door, often keeping it up until morning. All doors are 
left unlocked, for no one knows just where the band may want to 
leave a gift, or drop into the house packages of the substantial. 
A list has been made out with great care, and the very needy are 
always on the list. "The ashamed poor," as the French say, may 
also be remembered, but so carefully are the donations made that 
even the next door neighbor will not know of it. 
Amongst the kind-hearted people of Hull the custom is kept 
up from year to year, and so well are all needs known, that few 
there be in the whole city but who may in fact have a "Happy 
New Year." 
Musical Santa Claus. 

To the children it is Santa Claus, on a numerous and musical 
scale; they all look forward to it as a great event. A gentleman 
past middle life said to me, in describing it: " Even to this day I 
enjoy La Guignolée. The memory of when, as a child, I stood 
waiting at the door for the passing singers, is very dear to me. 
The first far-away note, heard on the still night air, was swcet
music to my child-heart than I have ever since heard, and as 
nearer and nearer swelled that note, until it broke into the quaint 
swinging chorus, I vrew ever wilder with joy. Oh, yes, my 
Santa Claus was La Guignolée. He brought me naught ":Iut 
music, but, oh! the joy of the music!" And he seemed a boy 
again, for very joy of memory. "Even now, old as I am," lie 
continued, "I cannot hear that melody without a throb of real 
heart pleasure," and his voice and face told me how truly he spoke. 

Purer French in Canada than in France. 
This old custom of Normandy seems so appropriate among 
the French of Canada, for from Normandy they both originally 
came. Few other parts ever contributed to the New France, and. 
the French spoken in Canada is more free from dialects than 
France itself, for it is Normandic, and one language. Apropos 
of the language, but not the custom in question, I cannot but 
speak in passing of what a French writer once said of the many 
languages of France. "In the north-east, German and Flemish 
are spoken; in Britanny, the Celt is the language in use; in south- 
west France, the Basque people know only Spanish; around 
Savoy, the Italian is in general use; while in southern France, 
about thirteen million French know only the provincial, a sort of 

Highest OHices Held by Frenchmen, 


Latin dialect, and only in Normandy, where originated the lan- 
guage, is the true French spoken." 
Another point not generally known, is that the French spoken 
in Canada is freer from patois than that spoken in Paris, and fur- 
ther, the French of Canada is free from all words of slang. 

The French in Canada. 
Little is known in the States or in England of the French 
people of Canada. It has been said that they are the happiest 
people in the world. Their home life is simple, and yet full of 
the joys unknown to the conventional. In a company of French 
each one can do something. It may be to play some musical In- 
strument or to recite, while they can all sing, and many of them 
have beautiful voices. That day in Hull we heard classical 
music better rendered than we had listened to from any other 
women pianists since we came to the valley. 
The kindness shown in their home life is proverbial, and 
withal, the Colonel and I are delighted with them, and would say 
even more of these genial people. 

Highest Offices held by Frenchmen. 
Here is a remarkable fact. The highest offices in Canada are 
held by French Canadians They are: The Premier; the Speaker 
of the House, Hon. N. A. Belcourt; and the Chief Justice, the 
Hon. Elzear Taschereau. The President of the most important 
society in Canada-The Royal Society of Canada-is Benjamin 
SuIte, one of the ablest historians on the continent. He is of 
French origin. 
Descendants of the Famous. 
Hull has some descendants of families very famous in our his- 
tory. l\fr. E. B. Eddy is of the :Miles Standish line, while 11r. . 
S. S. Cushman, the Vice-President of the Eddy Company, is a 
descendant of Robert Cushman, who not only planned but carried 
out the sailing of the Mayflower (1620). Charlotte Cushman 
and very many of our foremost in various lines were of this 


The Spokes. 

Population 4,400. 
We saw cattle and horses on our way to Arnprior that morn- 
ing, that one might think were from the blue grass lands of Ken- 
cky. The Colonel, who is always boasting of Ohio farms, wh
he saw this Ottawa Valley, admitted that, "Although not in Ohio, 
it's pretty fair land!" Now, as for myself, I never liked the Ohio 
farms, in fact I liked them less than in any other State. My ex- 
perience with them was not at all a pleasant one. I had to work 
on them and it's a sad memory. 
We passed the grape lands of the Mosgroves, a few miles out. 
Grapes grow here in great abundance, the Mosgroves having 
irty-five acres in bearing, not far from Britannia Park, on the 
We pass a number of small towns on the way-none of them 
remarkable for-" What is it Colonel?" Oh yes, the Colonel 
says I must not forget to mention 

but now that I have mentioned it he forgets what it is remark- 
able for, unless it be the pretty gum chewers who got on the train 
that morning. It seemed that all the pretty girls in town were at 
the station, and all chewing" wax." 

We had heard oft before of a " Carp," 
But thought it a critic with "harp," 
" Chewing" all the day long 
On the other man's wrong, 
Like a pretty gum chewer of Carp. 







We had ne're thought of it as a town, 
The home of a Jones or a Brown, 
A place with red houses and law, 
Where the girls and old maids work the jaw, 
Like the pretty girls work it in Carp. 
* * * * * * 

But levity aside (the above is levity) Carp's 600 people are 
all right. They have a pretty little town, a hotel that might well 
be taken as a model for many another place in the valley; a 35 0 
barrel flouring mill; a bank (Bank of Ottawa) ; two large general 
stores; the 1ioses and Sons cheese box manufactory-( the largest 
manufacturers of cheese boxes in Ontario, with three mills) ; and 
a baseball team that can play ball. 

Canadians do not Realize the Real Beauty of Their Country. 34 1 

At Galetta five miles east of Arnprior, we crossed the Mis
issippi river. It is not so large as ours and resembles it only ill 
muddiness and name. It is a pleasure to run across a river or a 
name that carries one back home, so will remember with pleasure 
Galetta, and it's "Mississippi." 
There is a stage line from Galetta to Fitzroy Harbor four 
miles to the north, where the J\fississippi enters the Ottawa river 
or Lake Deschenes, as here called, where are the Falls. 
I may speak elsewhere of Chats (Shaw) Falls, and here 
will simply say that to miss seeing them will be your loss. They 
are immediately opposite Fitzroy Harbor. The Ottawa river 
here flows from Chats lake to Deschenes lake. The river is at 
thi: point 3 miles wide and reaches the lower level 41 feet below, 
by 14 distinct falls. You may know how fir.e they are, when J 
tell you of the man who said to me: "They are far more beautiful 
than Niagara." He had not seen Niagara yet, but said he wa:; 
going next summer if he got a raise in salary. They are beauti- 
ful. Niagara is grand. 

So Much of Beauty that the Canadians don't Realize It. 
I cannot compare them for you, as there are possibly none 
ethers in the world like them. Up here where they have so many 
beautiful things all around them, and in all directions, these peo- 
ple somehow don't appreciate what they have, and a stranger 
might come and go and not be told of things, near by, which at 
home he would take a long journey to look upon. 
The first thing we noticed in Arnprior were the muddy streets 
which recalled the lines of Williams. 
" Nan and her man went to Arnprior, 
Where they both got stuck in the mire, 
They pulled out the man but as for poor Nan 
\Vhy on her they used an iron prier." 
Williams has quite recovered and has reformed, and as 
Arnprior, having just completed a fine system of sewers and water 
works, is shortly to build streets and sidewalks second to none 
in the valley, we will let the incident drop, and go up town to see 
J\fayor Cranston, and ask him about his town. We found him to 
be quite the genial gentleman promised by our Ottawa friends. 
H(: takes a just pride in his town and people. He set out at once 
to show us around. 

A Lumber Town. 
re is h
 located one of the larg
5t lumb
r firms in Can- 
ada-the J\/fcLachlin Brothers, whos
 yards ar
 said to b
 the mo

 of any private company in th
 world. They are a hal f 
mile wide, and three miles long with thirty-five miles of railroad 

34 2 

The Spokes. 

tracks. Seven hundred men are employed in the f(
>ur great mills, 
which are run part by steam and part by water power from the 
:M.adawaska. From 80 to 100 millions of feet are cut annually. 
J. R. and A. Gillies, and the Gillies Brothers, are two other very 
extensive manufacturers of lumber. Among the other industri
are: S. R. Rudd, sash and doors; V. Barnette, sash and doors; C. 
l'derrick, boat builder; Dontigny & Hughton, woollen mills; lVlc- 
Lachlin Brothers, flouring mills; Arnprior Marble Works, and 
Arnprior is the largest shipping point in Eastern Ontario, 
outside of the cities. As many as three loaded trains leave in a 
The present King, made Arnprior a visit in 1860. He was 
entertained by lVIr. Daniel :rvicLachlin, the builder of Arnprior, 
the father of the l\lcLachlin Brothers, in a beautiful home ta 
picture of which see in the "gallery"), on the hill at the edge of 
the town, now occupied by Mr. H. F. McLachlin. It overlooks 
the Chats lake. The grounds are parklike and possibly the pret- 
tiest about Ottawa, being high above the lake and very carefully 
kept. The Prince planted an oak tree, which stands not far from 
the residence. 
The Indian Grave. A Mem,ory. 
Arnprior prides herself on her pretty Tuque Blue Cemetery. 
It is a quiet restful place, not far from the lake. In the older part 
we saw a stone which marked the grave of a whole family of In- 
dians, drowned in 1862. Their names, carved deep into the stone 
were most poetical. The Indian name and its translation were 
both given :-"She who follows""Loon;" "She who 
c1imbs"-"Morning Star," etc. I never see the word "Loon" 
but my mind flies far away to the beautiful lakes in Northern 
Quebec, where first I saw the strange bird of that name. It is 
a lonely feeling that steals over me, but oh such a restful happy 
one. I often live over that tour among the lakes with Phillip and 
George as my guides.* I may never again have so dclightft11 a 
tour. It was all so new to me. I enjoyed each little part of it. 
I caught no fish: I killed no animal. I did not want to fish, nor did 
I want to kill, I only wanted to float through lakes of primeval 
forest beauty and enjoy nature at its full, and I did. To-day as 1 
looked at that grave, that one name stood out and alone. It took 
mE- far away to a day when I was happy. 

N ewsþaþers. 
There are four newspapers here: The Arnprior Chronicle, J df- 
ery Brothers, proprietors, and Vv. J. Stiles, editor; The \Veekh- 
News, George E. Neilson, jr., editor; The Watchman, Jas. C, \Vili- 

.. "The Yankee in Quebec." 

A Cordial Little City. 


iams, editor, and the German Post, Rev. R. P. Christianson, editor. 
These newspapers are enterprising and well edited. VVe are in- 
debted to each of them for many favors and courtesies. 
* * * * * * 

M en of Large Heart. 
Since writing the above an incident has occurred which must 
be recorded. It is one of those incidents for which I shall ever 
have a place even though I have to stop the press to tell it. 
I spoke of the great lumber firm of 11cLachiin Brothers, lo- 
cated in this town. The incident shows that the rich are often 
men of large heart. These Brothers closed their mills and 
on special trains brought 1,800 of their employees and their fam- 
 to Ottawa, for a day at the exhibition, paying every expense 
and counting full time for their men on pay day. Is it to be won- 
dEred that Arnprior is proud of such citizens! If such as they 
were more numerous there would not be the strife between capi- 
tal and labor that there is. By such as they the world will be 
made better! 







I had scarcely chronicled this act of kindness when I noticed 
the death of l\Ir. C. l\'1cLachlin, the younger brother. I may for- 
get that he had been worth millions of dollars, but I can not for- 
get that with all his millions he was kind. - 

Population 5,400. 
A Cordial Little City. 
"Colonel, what is the first thing you notice on reaching a 
new town?" I asked one day, when the Colonel was in a particu- 
IC'_rly good humor. "That's an easy one," he replied. "It is aot 
the place but the people. I have seen towns and cities so beauti- 
ful that they might have been fenced in and labelled 'perfect,' and 
yet I fairly hated their names, and would go out of my way to pass 
around them in going through a country. Ko, Rube, it's not the 
place but the people. I have seen the people of a town assume the 
air of vast importance, and seem to feel sorry for the stranger 
who chanced to be thrown among them, simply because the unfor- 
tunate was not of their town, when in fact their town itself was 
of such insignificance that the only impression it ever made was 
the little black spot on the country map." 
I said" the Colonel was in a particularly good humor that 
day." "vVell," that day" happened to find us in Pembroke, and 
I am sure the" good humor " was occasioned by the cordiality ùf 


The S poke.s. 

its people. Kindness goes so far and costs so little, that I often 
wonder that it is not more general; nor does it consist in great 
acts. It is often the little things that count most. I left the 
Colonel at the hotel one morning while I strolled out to see the 
town. Going too far, it began raining before I could get back. 
A man sitting in his porch hailed me and asked me to come in out 
of the rain, and the shower passing, loaned me his umbrella, lest 
it rain before I reached the hotel. That evening, on returning the 
umbrella, I asked the gentleman for the residence of one living 
in his vicinity. He did not point it out as he could have done, 
but went with me. I wondered at the time who he was, and was 
greatly surprised, later, to learn that he was one of the wealthiest 
men in Pembroke, I may never see him again, the chances are 
that I never shall, as I have not the time to retrace steps. Will 
I remember him as "one of the wealthiest men in Pembroke?

o, wealth counts but little to the passing stranger. He loaned 
me: his umbrella and went with 1ne to a neighbor's. These little 
things are what count. I shall ever love Pembroke for this kinù- 
ness of one of her citizens, and, now be honest, my reader, don't 
you too, think well of that town? The correct literary writ
often finds fault with me for telling the little things, 
the common places of life, the human things, but I shall 
keep on telling them just the same. They are becoming too few 
in this age of the "correct," and I will note the few as I pass 
I wished some information, about a place we were passing, 
one day on a train. A man sat opposite me in the car, who could 
give the information, and I asked it. He gave it, and in another 
part of this volume you will find it, and be pleased to get it, for it 
is valuable, but ah, how coldly he gave it. I thanked him and he 
said I was welcome, but his manner belied his words. That man 
waE doubtless "correct," but he was not human, if kindness to 
one's fellows counts for humanity. He was not a Canadian, save by 
adoption. Would that I might write that which could make the 
world happier, and I will try, even though I may but tell the little 
things. My "wealthy" friend was not the exception. Courtesy was 
general in Pembroke, and you will say the same when you visit that 
pretty little city on the southern shore of Lake AlIl1mette. 
Pembroke is reached by the Canada Atlantic and the Can- 
adian Pacific, 105 miles west of Ottawa. 
It has three banks: Bank of Ottawa, F. C. Mulkins, mana- 
ger; The Quebec Bank, P. D. Strickland, manager; and Royal 
Bank of Canada, Wm. Kingsmill, manager. Two hospitals, three 
Public Schools, a High School, a Roman Catholic Separate 
School, and a large Convent. 

Rube and the Colonel go uþ to U Days 11/ashin/." 345 

Pembroke has three large saw mills, a 250 barrel flouring mill, 
a woolen mill, a scale factory, a machine shop, two foundries and 
hvo sash and door mills. 
Three newspapers furnish the nc-ws for Pembroke. The 
Standard, 'V. H. Bone, editor; the Advocate, 1'1. Ringrose, editor; 
the Observer, R. C. 1\Iiller, editor. They have the appearance 
oi being well supported and prosperous. 
l\Ir. \V. D. Cunneyworth, the courteous agent of the Canada 
Atlantic called at the Copeland, (a hotel by the way, which we ca 1 1 
most heartily commend both for table and courtesy, from the good 
natured Daniel Burns, landlord, to the office boy), shortly aftèr 
we reached town and said that we should take the trip 

uþ the Allwmette þast Oiseau Rock, to ((Days Washin'." 
"Take it," said he, " it is one of the favorite trips of Canada," 
and when that is said one may count on something fine indeed, for 
a ,. Canadian favorite" means a good deal, where there are so 
many beautiful trips, \Ve had often heard of the Allumette, and 
of the Oiseau (" \\'eezah") Rock, but had never known just 
where they were, or that they were together. The Allumette is 
another of those great lakes in the Ottawa. It is 8 miles wide, 
anà 50 miles long, and in places very deep, especially "Deep 
River," where it is 400 feet in depth. Now don't forget th<1.t 
Allumette is a lake, in front of Pembroke. You may better re- 
member it if I tell you that it is another Saguenay river, only 
that it is full of islanGs, and has ten or more creeks and rivets 
rrnning into it. Among the lath r are the Chalk and the Petewawa, 
two very large rivers. ,Most of the streams entcr from the south or 
Ontario side, and what is remarkable, the mouth of nearly every 
one of them is turned west and enters toward the head of the 
lake. Another Saguenay feature is Oisean Rock, which is a mini- 
ature Eternity Rock, so familiar to those who have had the good 
fortune to see that wierd river. 
vVith this introduction, I am going to turn you over to 

Caþtain Will lIiurPhy, 
of the Victoria. N ow let him talk and you will have nothing to 
do, but ask questions. No wonder the Captain is such a favorite 
among the ladies, he never tires of answering: "Oh, Captain, 
what's that over there?" He mav have answered it a thousand 
times before, but you would never -know it from his t!ood natured 
reply. "The land you see across the lake to the north ;
Island. It is 6 miles wide and 16 miles long. It has a popula- 
ti01Ã of 1,200." Ten miles up he points out the Calbute Snye 

34 6 

The Spokes. 

(Channel), and tells you that boats used to go through it before 
the locks were broken away. "In places it is so narrow that you 
could pick leaves from the trees on either side of the boat. See 
that white house at the head of the Island? That is the summer 
house of our good Mayor Delahaye. There is Gray's boom, and 
is one of the many booms of the Upper Ottawa Improvement Com- 
pany, one of whose many steamboats we met a few minutes ago. 
There's Joe 0'l\1eara's island. That pretty island you see to the 
right belongs to our Pembroke Member of Parliament, Hon. 
'fhomas Mackie. There to the left is the Petewawa river, and 
that beautiful grove on the point belongs to one of our lawyers, 
1\11 r. J. H. l\1etcalfe," said the Captain, just after pointing out the 
island of l\ir. George Gordon. " That is Edw. Dunlop's island, 
and Whafs that? 
Liver)"l1zanr No, why do you ask? n 
and the Captain looked surprised. 
" Well, I certainly have heard that name in connection with 
something about 'livery,' " said I, and the Captain's eyes twinkled 
as he replied: "Now, see here, Rube, I'm a very Conservative 
man, and while not stingy I am not Liberal enough to give you 
anything about tires or other things 'livery,' so don't ask me, out 
I was pointing out the islands. There's Darceys, used as a camp 
by the Darcey Club of Ottawa." "Hello Charlie!" said he to a 
passing launch. 
"That naptha launch we just passed belongs to Charlie l\/Ic- 
Cool, Member for Nipissing. There is good fishing all along 
here. 'That?' That's Windsor Island, Harding and Neopole own 
it. That fine island over there belongs to l\1r. W. R. White, the 
President of this Steamboat Company. Over there to the left 
is King Edward's Island." 
" Oh, Captain, what is that funny little thing it has on it?" 
asked the pretty girl from Baltimore. 
"That 'funny little thing' was once the cabin of the old 
Steamer Ottawa," replied :Murphy, who went on pointing out the 
islands of Thomas Pink, just at the turn of the channel, C. Chap- 
man, Robt. Delahaye, John :McCormick, Kenning and Sutton, A. 
Archer, J as. A. Thibadeau and C. L. :l\1cCool. At this time we 
were nearing 

F ort William, 
fourteen miles from Pembroke. This was one of the original 
Hudson Bay Forts. There is still standing the little old church 
and the Indian burying ground, with large oak trees growing 
over the graves. This is a popular picnic ground. There is here 
a large summer hotel, The Pontiac, kept by the McCools. Short- 
ly after leaving Fort \i\,TiIliam we saw to the left, at the mouth of 
éhalk river, a long rocky island with a front almost perpendicu- 
lar, too rough for anybody to claim. Now bear in mind I had not 
iu any way tried to divide with the Captain the attention of dte 

The Captain Nal1'tCs an Island. 


ladies, but when ]\1iss New York asked, "Oh, Captain, whose 
island is that?" 
"That don't belong to anybody, but I am going to give it to 
Rube here, Rube hereafter that island will be 

If The Wandering Y ankee. n 
"Oh, why do you call it that Captain?" 11iss Washington 
asked. "Because it is such a bluff! Rube, 'chalk' that down 
on your chart!" and I didn't speak to the Captain again for full 
ten minutes, at which time we all wanted to know, " what is that 
hill called over there to the left? " "That is 

High View. 
It is 20 miles from Pembroke. Here are the summer homes of 
many prominent people. Amongst them W. H. Perrott, A. Fosh
A. Johnson, F. Fenton, "V. B. l\IcAllister and D. C. Chamberlain, 
of Ottawa, 11rs. R, Dunlop, John Roberts and A. Wright. Ncar 
here is the Pontiac Game Club of New York City." 
Soon after this, the lake narrows into" Deep River." Up to 
the right we see 

Oiseau Rock. 
\Vhen nearing it, the boat swung in until we could look almost 
up its steep sides. "Oh, Captain, where is the 'Old l'dan's Face?' " 
asked Miss Brooklyn. "N ow look as we pass:' and everybody 
looked up. "Oh there I see it," said l\.1iss Cincinnati who 'Nas 
as usual the first to unravel things. Then when it was pointed 
out, all could distinguish the face of a long bearded old man. 
"On the very top of the rock and running back a half mile, 
there is a beautiful clear lake. Here picnic parties often come to 
spend the day. Tell me some of you how water gets up to that 
lake? " "By capillary attraction, as water is drawn up into a 
cube of sugar," answered Miss Cincinnati again, offhand like. 
" I thought it came from a higher elevation," remarked l\Ii
Iowa. "Yes, so does almost everybody else, but tell me how do
enough water get to that 'higher elevation' to supply all these 
mountain lakes? No, it is drawn up as I said, by capillary at- 
traction, and don't 'happen.' " 
Further up there is another rocky point, IVIcQueschen's Rock, 
which to me is even prettier than Oiseau. "The Bronson's, of 
Ottawa, have a 100 mile Hunting Preserve, over there to the north 
on the Quebec side." We pass Schyan's Point to the right and 
Robert's wharf to the left nearly opposite, and then Des J oachims 
comes in sight, and Des J oachims is the limit, that is the end vf 
the lake. I defy you to pronounce that name, I tried and the 
nearest I could come to it was 


The Spokes. 

U Days Washin/' 
and some of the crowd we found there, looked like they needed it. 
Over to the south you see the falls with the old tumble down 
bridge, and the two new bridges further up across the beautiful 
rapids. :Miles of logs fill the lake at the head, and the steamer has 
to pick its way through the stray "floaters." \Ve do not sta.y 
long as the obliging Captain had stopped at too many wharves 
on the way up, to deliver a letter or take on some trifle for the 
settlers. The Captain, the Colonel and others of us, go up to the 
htlk hotel, "The \Vhite House," so called from having been paint- 
e<.! that color in early days, The name is all that stuck. We meet 
here, among others, the Chief of Police and Game Warden, who 
tells us that game is so plentiful a few miles back, that moose, 
caribou and deer, are like cattle for number. I got his name, 
that I might tell my hunter friends, who can write him for parti- 
culars. It is Thomas Costello, game warden, Des Joachims, P.Q. 
We met here Judge H. K. Downey. He is not the sobcr, 
sE'date Judge we often meet with on the bench. "What? " The 
Captain wants to know if I see a little old Indian man, and I say 
"yes," although he is almost too small to see. " Well, he is 
Chief of the Algonquins!" says the Captain, and at once I feel sorry 
for the Algonquins. VVe turn round and start back. Father For- 
get, a little priest, with his horse and buggy gets on the boat. He 
is one of the men whom I should remember. He had a personal- 
ity that was most pleasing and could tell a capital story. 

The Captain Posted the Letter. 
I told how obliging a Captain we had. I was wondering if 
there was a limit. There was. VVe were late, and Murphy was 
lllaking up all the time possible when far across the lake to the 
rig-ht he sighted a signal flag. The Captain said something to 
hi111sdf, but rang the bell to turn, possibly a mile out of his way. 
\Vhat could it be! It 1nust be important to call a boat so much 
out of its course! He ran along side, the hawser was made hst 
and the boat stopped. "What is it, quick, I'm late?" "Say, 
set" here, Capn, I wantcher tel' post this here letr," said a native. 
"I hain't got no stamp but lIe pay yer next time if I happen ter be 
down to ther wad when yer pass." 
Some of us had thought, up to that minute, that the Captain 
might be a Sunday School teacher, but he wasn't. No, the Cap- 
tain is not a Sunday School teacher. I don't know just why I think 
so, but I am almost certain he is not. (This letter is a fact.) 
For the benefit of my fishing and hunting readers, I will 
tbat with Pembroke as a starting point, there are few better 
tricts than the one up the Allumette. In all the many streams that 
enter the lake, trout are very plentiful, while the lake itself in 
places is full of bass, This is the 

Ther FanÛI)'cr Deers. 


Sportsman's Paradise. 
I need but refer to a few of the many hunting and fishing cluLs, 
who have camps in this section: "The Pontiac," with many 
New York members; "The Wedgewood," Dr. J. E. Deacol, 
President, Edw. Dunlop, Secy.; "The Caribou," of Ottawa awl 
Pembroke, President, James Leach; "The Indian Point," Dr. 
Josephs, President, Dr. Kenning, Secretary, Edw. Ryan, Treas.; 
"The Oiseau," Robt. Strutt, President, Jas. Fraser, Secy., Josc?h 
Summerville, Treas.; "The Nekbong," W. R. 
rhite, K.C., Pr
sidcnt; and just now is forming the" Idlewild Hunting and Fish- 
ing Club," limited to 2S members. They have a 30 mile limit on 
the Quebec side, on the Ottawa, northerly from Pembroke. They 
purpose building one of the finest hunting and fishing club houses 
in Canada. Its President is B. H. Blakeslee, Sec'y-Treas., 1\'lrs. 
F. A. Wegner, and 1fr. F, A. Wegner, Managing Director. 
We leave Pembroke for Golden Lake, where we take the 
for Algonquin Park. 


We stopped off to fish, at Barry's Bay. Some one spoke of 
duck hunting one day when a native said: " Ducks ain't looked 
on as game, but if yer talkin about deers then you are talkin, 

it Ther Familiar Deer." 

Ther deer howsever are too tame. vVhy," said he, as he took 
a fresh chaw, "ther deers hereabouts gits, too familyer, altergc- 
ther too familver. Why, strangers, up ter :ð1edderwasky, wher 
ther train stops ter eat, ther deers have got ter know it as an eaten 
place, an they come an eat beranners, an apples right out er ther 
passengers hans, fact strangers, oh, yes, ther deers in them pans 

s altergether too familyer. Git any fish? Why," said he look- 
ai some four pound trout we had caught that morning, "them's 
nuthin but minners, we throws such is them back in the water kr 
grow. It's a shame ter take sich pore little fish," and that too, 
wht:n the Colonel and I, had been calling ourselves " the mighty 
fishers of Barry's Bay." After the native had told us about how 
numerous and "familyer" the deer were at l\Iadawaska, (22 miks 
west of Barry's Bay) where the train stops for refreshments, we 
were quite anxious to be going on, after a week of delightf111 wan- 
dering. Yes, we were anxious to see "them familver deers at 
derwasky," and hurried away so that we could feed" them ber- 
nanners an apples outer yer hand." \Ve had seen many d
around the Bay, and although not in hunting season, yet thev were 

35 0 

The Spokes. 

too wild" ter eat bernanners outer yer hand," and I could not get 
, a snap shot of the Colonel in the feeding act. N ow we were go- 
ing to see deer, that could be snap-shotted at close range. I had 
a number of captions selected for the picture; ';the Colonel feeds 
the deer at l\1adawaska," " Fifty minutes for refreshments," "The 
familyer deer," "Not afraid," and a number of other suitable 
When we reached 

M adæwaska J 
13 0 miles west of Ottawa, and the half way point to Depot Har- 
bor, we hurriedly finished our dinners, laid in a supply of "bern- 
nanners" and apples and started to find the" familver." We 
had hardly hoped to find them, but we would try. the Colonel 
went in one direction, I went in another. I was the first to find them, 
and called to him. When he came running up, I was feeding two 
pretty animals, a buck and a doe. I won't tell you what the Col- 
ond said, when he saw me in front of a wire pen feeding" ber- 
nanners to them familyer deers," but from his remarks I don't 
think it would have been pleasant for the native of Barry's Bay 
to have been there. 
Madawaska is the end of the Division. Here ends the east 
and begins the west, to Depot Harbor, (pronounce this Dep-o). 
Before the railway opened this country, Madawaska was the enù 
úf civilization. This is in the centre of a great lumbering dis- 
trict. Not far from here is where the now famous J. R. Boot!1, 
builder and principle owner of the Canada Atlantic, purchased 
his first timber limit. "Colonel, did I ever tell you about Booth's 
start ? You know of his marvellous rise in the lumber, steamboat 
and railway works, but I don't believe I ever told you of his start. 
It reads like another 
Aladi-n Story. 
" J. R. Booth was a farmer boy in the Eastern Townships, 
Province of Quebec. His father wished him to become a farm 
J. R. had other notions. Just what those notions were he did 
not then know; but anything rather than to follow the plow. He 
left his h0me. His first work was to help on the building of lhe 
old fashioned railway covered bridges. He did not then have 
enough even to pay for a few tools, and had to borrow them until 
pay day. When he reached Ottawa, he found work in a milt, 
where he remained for a few years. In the meantime a monied 
man had seen in young Booth, a peculiar ability. There was a 
timber limit to be sold-the one near here- a limit of I SO square 
miles. The capitalist told Booth, 'buy this limit and I will put 
up the money for you.' He meant that he would furnish the 
money if the limit was bought within a reasonable price. l\1r. 
Booth sent out men to estimate the quantity of timber on the 

Booth's First Limit. 

35 1 

land. The day before the sale was to be held, was an anxious 
day for him. His prospectors had not returned, and he fear
they might not reach Ottawa, in time, but at 2 o'clock on the very 
morning of the sale, they came in. Their report was that the 
timber was almost without limit. 'Trees standing like grass for 
number, and in quality unexcelled.' 

The Sale. 

" Buvers were there from far and near. Others too had sent 
prospectors and knew the wonderful growth of that 150 square 
miles. The bidding became brisk. Capital met capital, and the 
price rose higher and higher. No price was bid but what 
it met a raise. Soon all the bidders were known to the excited 
crowd. 'All?' No, not all. There was a silent bidder who 
winked his bid. '\Vho was he? ' The face of each man 
in the room was closely scanned, but the silent one was nut 
detected nor suspected. 'Fraud,' cried an anxious bidder. 'No 
fraud!' answered back the auctioneer, 'all bids are honest.' One 
after another of the bidders dropped out, for the price was gOillg 
far beyond reason, as they thought. '$30,000, who says $35- 
ooo? Thirty-five I have.' 'Thirty-six,' slowly came a bill. 
'\\-"ho makes it forty thousand?' Scarce was it asked till he ran 
on 'forty I have;' 'forty-one,' followed the slow bidder; 'forty-two, 
forty-three, forty-four, going, going. Forty-four. $45,000, last 
call. Sold to J. R. Booth.' Had a thunder clap from a clear sky 
sounded at that moment, it would not have struck that crowd with 
the same consternation as did that, 'Sold to J. R. Booth!' 'He 
cannot pay for it! \Ve have been defrauded of our rights!' The 
auctioneer in slow measured words replied: 'The limit is sold to 
J. R. Booth, and he can pay for it! ' 
"When his capitalist-who was at the sale, and had wondered 
why Booth made no bid, as he thought-found that he was in' 
for the $45,000, he said many things. Among others, 'I will give 
you $10,000 cash, if you will throw up the sale and let me off.' 
'N 0,' came the wise answer of the future lumber king. 'No, you 
could not buy me off for all vou are worth! That limit is a fortune,' 
and so it hãs proved. FoT" forty years th. Booth has been cut- 
ting from it, and to-day it is valued at more than one mi11ion and 
a half dollars. It was the start, to-day, J. R. Booth, who ldt 
home for 'something better than farming,' has 6,000 square 
miles of timber limits, nearly five times the size of our 
Rhode Island, larger than Connecticut, and almost as large as the 
State of Massachusetts. He has a line of steamers carrying mil- 
lions of bushels of grain, with elevators scattered over hundreds of 
miles to hold that grain, and lumber mi11s where an anny of men 
are employed in sawing over 100 million feet per annum. All 
these, not to mention a railroad of over 500 miles long (since sold 

35 2 

The Spokes. 

to the Grand Trunk, for $14,000,000), and many other inditstries, 
anù the whole running under a system marvellous for its perfec- 
tion. His wisdom is shown in the selection of the young men of 
ability with whom he is surrounding himself. Each knows well 
his part and does it. There now, Colonel, you have in part the 
life story of one of the most remarkable business men on the con- 
The Colonel gives his last apple to the" familyer deer," and 
we go back to the station, to interview any Madawaskan we ma.y 
find with a bit of information to impart. We find one and ask: 
" What do you know that we don't? " 
"From your question I would hope, I knew a good many 
things." There, we gave him the advantage and put him at his ease. 
Then he told us the fish and game resources of his district. Said 
that in the hunting season there were many black bear, deer, 
- and much small game, especially partridge, while as for fishing- 
like all other places-l\1adawaska is the best. Pointing over to 
the Opeongo Hills, a little north west, he said that Gov. E. C. 
Smith, of Vermont, had a hunting lodge on Victoria lake, a beau- 
tiful bit of clear water, three by five miles in extent, " and," saId 
he, straightening up, "this country must be all right to draw a 
Governor, and a Vermont Governor at that." He seemed to 
think that" the Ohio of the east," was quite a State, and it is, if 
stalwart men and bright women can make it so. This may seem 
a long talk, but did you ever think how much can be said in "fifty 
minutes for refreshments?" 
Beyond l\1adawaska, the Madawaska river is in sight most 
of the way. to 
fifteen miles beyond. If we had that river it would be utilized, 
and it would be invaluable for mills, along its whole course, as it 
is a series of rapids, with here and there a lake. vVhitney is c:it 
the outlet of Long Lake. The St. Anthony Lumber Company, lo- 
cated here has built up a considerable town. I t was named ror 
the millionaire brother of the leader of the Conservative party in 
Here is another excellent trout fishing section, but why men- 
tion this when one might cast a "fly" into almost any stream or 
lak{. along the Canada Atlantic, throughout the whole 200 miles 
of Lakeland, and go home with proof of any" fish story" one 
might wish to tell! It is indeed a land conducive of truth, for 
there would be no reason for the fisher's imagination. 

A Biograph Picture. 
When you went to the Biograph Picture Show, wha.t did you 
most enjoy? Were I asked this question I would readIly reply: 

Algonquin N alional Park. 


'õ That railway scene, showing a section of a beautiful country." 
Were that scene to be photographed on this road it would require 
a film reaching from 
ladawaska to the Georgian Bay, as it is all 

o beautiful that no part of it could be left out, and one wouid 
not grow tired. The scenes are ever changing, like as in a kalei- 
doscope. One, who has never seen the like can form no concep- 
tion of the beauty through which this road runs. It is not cul- 
tivated, it is just wild and beautiful! 
One more station, Rock Lake, and then we are in the little 

Algonquin N alional Park, 
so little known, that we are going to stop off at Algonquin Station, 
and take you over one of the numerous tours that can be made 
through this wondrous land of changing beauty, and if you can 
conceive from a pen picture, just a little of the real, then I will 
feel amply repaid for trying to tell you what here may be seen. 


"Rube," said the Colonel, one night as we sat in camp on 
the banks of Burnt lake, the prettiest bit of water we have yet 
seen in Canada, "you are certainly the most fortunate traveller 
I ever knew. You always meet the right man in the right place." 
Now I'll tell you just how it all happened and to what the Col- 
onel referred. 
"The right man," was Donald Ross, and "the right place," 
 on the train just as we started from l\ladawaska after the 
"50 minutes for refreshments." All morning I had been asking 
Conductor Robertson" what more do you know of Algonquin 
Park?" until the poor man grew tired of telling me of the things 
that he had heard. So when Donald Ross, one of the ten Park 
Rangers, got on the train, at l\ladawaska, the Conductor took me 
to him and said: "Here is a man who knows all about it. I 
know nothing, but Ross knows the Park as a book," and so it 
proved. Ross was on his vacation and I met him "in the rignt 
place," for by the time we had reached the Algonquin Station lle 
had excited my curiosity to see "The most unique Park in Canada 
if not on the continent." 
"I am just through my vacation and I can go with you or 
rather you can go with me on my rounds, and as my next tour 
is by far the best one of them all, you will be fortunate in seeing- 


The Spokes. 

Where and What is Algonquin Park? 
I will tell you a few things about the Park, before starting to 
see it. It is a vast tract of lakeland set apart by the wise men of 
Ontario for all time, "for the benefit and enjoyment of the people." 
It is a reserve nearly 2,000 square miles in extent. Nearly half 
the size of Connecticut. It lies east of Georgian Bay, about 75 
miles (to the western limit of the Park) and the southern limit 
is nearly 100 miles north of Lake Ontario. Its eastern limit is 
156 miles west of Ottawa, and its northern limit is a few 
miles south of the Ottawa river. There you have the location, 
Its elevation at the station is 1,837 feet. 

The Birthplace of Rivers. 
Here begin their meanderings, many rivers, some of them con- 
siderable in size. I know of no section of country where are 
found so large a number of streams as start in Algonquin Park. 
Here head the North river and the East river. I've since told this 
to aNew York man, one whose geography is readily mixed. '<Is 
that so? I never knew just where our two rivers started. I 
knew it was up north or down east somewhere, but I never before 
knew it was in Algonquin Park in Canada, but say hold on Rube," 
as an idea percolated, "how do they get across the Mississippi?" 
"By viaducts, Knicky, viaducts!" and he went on making 
money as though he had not been stopped by so insignificant a 
thing as geography. 
The l\luskoka, Severn, 1Iadawaska, Bonnechere, Amable du 
Fond, Petewawa, Magnetawan, South, and other rivers, have thcir 
birth in Algonquin Park. They run east and north to the Ottawa, 
and south and west to the Georgian Bay. We cross the divide on tÍ1e 
railway. The waters part, one to the east, the other to the west. 

The Land Half Water. 
Had I visited Algonquin Park, when I was an Irishman, I 
certainly should have said: "The land up here is half water." 
Besides the many brooks, creeks and rivers, there are countless 
lakes, small and nameless up to the great Opeongo, the Cedar and 
the Tea. 1,000 lakes and some of them not yet counted. 
The Opeongo is nearly 20 miles long and lies in four town- 
ships. Here was the burial place of the once great tribe of the 
Algonquins, now almost unknown, save by name. 

A Paradise for Wild Animals. 
Noone is permitted to shoot any game. This fact has been 
sent broadcast with the result that the animals having read an 
account of it simply laugh at man, who must needs see, but not 

Rube and the Colonel Tour the Algonquin 355 

molest them in their lazy abundance as he passes from lake to 
portage and portage to lake again. They are increasing in num- 
ber very fast. 

The Start. 

It was a bright July morning. You, who live far to the south 
cannot realize that up here the sun rises only a few minutes after 
4 o'clock, and it is light at 3. 
To write of 

The Tour of Algonquin 
in detail, would require a large book, and yet in that book there 
peed be no dull pages. But in this I must vaguely touch here and 
there, giving you the barest outline of the way. 

The 0 utline. 
Look at that map and follow the course we took. .hven though 
it be a good map it will show but few of the thousand or more 
lakes therein. To give them all would hardly leave room on the 
map for the land. Algonquin Park Station, is the headquarters 
for the ten rangers. Here are three fairly good houses (new). 
We drop the canoes into Cache lake, near the Station, leave 
it at its westerly side, through a small stream to White lake, short 
portage to a nameless lake, another portage to Little Island lak
so called from a pretty island that stands in the centre. From 
here to Smock (sometimes called Smoke) lake is a portage of 
three quarters of a mile. This is a long lake and nearly a mile 
wide to where you cross to a branch (North River) of the 11us- 
koka river, down which we canoe to South Tea lake. From here 
go almost directly north passing :I\Iink lake to Canoe lake, fairly 
good size. Here is Gilmour's log camp. N ext up another branch 
of the 11uskoka to the Joe lakes, Big and Little. Portage half 
mile to a small lake, next to Island lake. This is another 
large lake, It is very beautiful having in places along the edge, 
sand beaches. By this tour we have formed two sides of a l
angle, and are almost directly north (10 miles) of Cache lake our 
starting point. From Island lake we canoe through to the two 
(Big and Little) Otter Slide lakes. Will tell you in another 
place of the otter seen here. Near by, where we pass out of Is- 
land lake, there is a Ranger's hut, a shelter for both the rangers 
and the travelling public. I had better say the fishing, sightsee- 
ing public. In the Park, there are near 50 of these huts. Here- 
abouts is where the waters divide, the 11uskoka to Georgian Bay, 
the Petewawa to the east to the Ottawa river. From the second 
and larger Otter Slide lake we reach White Trout lake, by Otter 
slide creek, on which there are five portages. owing to the rapids 
or falls along it's course. White Trout lake is large and beauti- 
fd. By a shon portage from its north end we reach the Pete- 

35 6 

The Spokes. 

wawa river, which is more a lake than a river, and is called Lon- 
:r lake, though not named on the map. Before reaching Red 
I me lake, we make two short portages around two considerable 
falls. We canoe through Red into Burnt lake, the two seeming out 
one, so wide the passage. I didn't intend to stop in this outline, 
but the beauty of Burnt lake is too great not to more than men- 
tion it. I must emphasize its beauty. Do you remember my 
dfscription of Lake Bouquet or Shadow lake as I called it in "The 
Yankee in Quebec?" Up to now, Shadow lake had no equal, but 
with its many islands, Burnt lake is more beautiful. We reach 
another shelter hut at the northerly outlet of Burnt Island, and 
by a short portage go on to Perley's lakes, thence down the river 
(the Petewawa) on which there are three portages around falls 
or rapids, to Catfish lake, so called because there are no catfish 
in it, so Ross said. 
Turtle Rock. 
Don't let me forget to tell you of the strange rock seen on 
the easterly side of this lake. A rock weighing possibly 35 tons, 
raised up about one foot, and sUDported by three rock pedestals. Did 
the Algonquins do it or was this once the home of pre-historic 
man? By man this rock most certainly was placed where it is. 
It looks at a distance not unlike an enormous turtle, hence the 
From the north-easterly outlet of Catfish we pass by a short 
portô.ge to Narrow lake, from which by a portage of over 
a mile, we reach Twin or Spectacle lakes. The 
river at this point is full of cataracts, some of them falls of 50 
or 60 feet, and surpassingly beautiful. Trout fishing is here as 
good as we found. It is almost a succession of falls for five miles 
The fall from one to the other of the Twin lakes is especially 
fine. After passing the lower Twin, we go a mile in canoe, where 
we come to a portage of half a mile, to Cedar lake. Where the 
rivcr enters the lake, there is another 50 feet fall and pretty 
rapids. Here Ross caught a speckled trout, that measured 24 
inches long and 1 3
 inches girth. I would not tell this here, 
even though I am remarkable for my truthfulness, were it not for 
the fact that W. F. Thompson has the skin of this fish tacked up 
on his boat house at his beautiful Rose Point Resort near Parry 
Sound. Thompson may try to make you believe it's one of his 
big salmon trout caught in the Sound, but I hardly think he will 
as I have called his resort" beautiful." I have again been truth- 
ful on purpose that he will bear me out on Ross's big fish. 
Cedar lake is nearly 12 miles long and possibly 2 miles wid

. Turn in the Tour. 
According to the map scale we are now 24 miles north and 
15 miles east of starting point. We begin to return. There is 

u Oh well, Seein' its You we won't Cou,nt tJâs Tin
e.n 357 

another tour, going up Cedar lake and far across to Big Tea lake 
in the north-western part of the Park, but we have not the til11
to take it. I may in another place give you some extracts from 
the pen of an able writer who took the tour last year. But to 
continue, we leave Cedar lake by its south-easterly end-wh
we find a shelter hut-going down the Petewawa, by several short 
portages to Trout lake. (Shelter hut near entrance to lake.) 
All along these portages the trout fishing is excellent. From 
Trout lake we turn westerly up the Little l\Iadawaska river by 
several portages to Phlilip's lake, next to Hogan's lake, anothër 
of the larger lakes, at the easterly end of which we turn south .11ld 
take the longest portage of the tour (over 3 miles) to Crow lake, 
From Crow lake there are two routes to get back to the railway; 
one easterly, down the Crow river, to Lake Lavieille and from 
there through other lakes, streams and portages, but the portages 
are longer. \Ve chose the one from Crow lake to Proulx lake, 
írom which by two portages we reach the Great Opeongo, the 
largest of all the lakes in the Park. It is really three lakes 
though called but one. It might seem to some to be like an 111- 
land sea, it is so large. As before stated it lies in four townships. 
It Ü: deep and has fine sandy beaches, here and there, for bathing. 
From the extreme (south) end there is a portage of one and 
a half miles to the first of five little nameless lakes, through 
which, by the several portages to Lake of Two l{i,'ers whe1"e 
we reached the railway. 
The trip has taken us two weeks, but so full of the delight- 
ful that we can scarce believe the passing of time. \Vhen one 
thinks of the wasted weeks often months, spent at some fashion- 
able sea shore resort, where one sees but the rivalry of wealth, 
and then in contrast comes to enjoy a bit of inexpensive pleasu
like a tour of The Algonquin, it makes one wonder how great will 
be the number of happy pleasure seekers coming here, when once 
they learn of the beauties of The Algonquin. I said "inexpdlsive," 
why the whole cost of the outing is not much more than living at 

The Little Cost of Outing. 
Here is what we took for four of us. in our two canoes. Rnss 
and I in one, the Colonel and Bob Balfour in the other. Four 
pairs of blankets, 1 frying pan. 1 tea pail, I boiling pot. 4 drink- 
ing cups, 4 plates, knives, forks and spoons, I bag of bread, 1 box 
of biscuits, 10 lbs. of chesse, SIbs. of tea, 2 Ibs. of coffee, 20 Ibs. 
of breakfast bacon, 2 lbs. of corn meal, to roll the fish in before 
fryine-, 1 bag of salt and pepper, 6 cans of condensed milk, 6 cans 
of tomatoes and liquid refreshments for Ross, Bob and the Col- 
onel. "\Vhat! Oh \vell, scein' it's vou we won't count this time." 
These, with the delicious trout, whrch we take from the water at 
almost any point throughout the tour, supply-with an appetite, 

35 8 

The Spokes. 

that one always finds in the woods-a menu that a Newport chef 
could not surpass. 
Incidents of the Tour. 
Go back to the Otter Slide lakes, and if you are very still you 
may see the otter, like playful children, .. sliding down hill 'belly- 
buster.'" These slides are along the banks of the lake. They 
are sometimes fifteen or more feet high, and worn as smooth as 
ice. The otter crawl up the bank one after another, and take 
turns sliding down, until the little grooves, from oft use, by the wet 
bodies, become very "slick." No children could enjoy the 
sport more than do these otter. Being protected by law, these 
valuable fur bearers are becoming very numerous. 

Beaver Dmns. 
Between Otter Slide and White Trout lakes, we saw two 
beaver dams three to four feet high. They are built with sticks 
and stones, cemented together with mud, and so well have these 
little architects done their work that no water can "seap" through. 
The beaver, like the otter, are increasing fast. There are many 
other dams throughout the Park. 

111 oose and Red Deer 
are seen so often, especially the deer, that one soon takes little 
note of them passing. 

Rube Wants to Shoot. 
I shall not forget my excitement when I saw my first deer. 
I had taken a gun along. I don't know why, but I took it. "Oh 
let me shoot at that deer," said I. 
"No, it's against the law! said Ross. "It's against the law 
to kill any animal inside the Park limits." 
"Kill? I didn't ask to kill it. I only asked to shoot, at it. 
I wouldn't hurt the poor thing." But Ross never having seen 
me shoot would not consent. I was so sorry as I should have 
liked so much a shot, that morning. Later on the deer became 
so plentiful that to shoot at them would have seemed like going 
out to a farm barnyard and shooting at the cows. It would not 
have been even the semblance of sport. 

The Lost }vI edical Students. 
At Catfish lake we found five medical students from Toronto. 
I say "found," for they hd.d been lost for two days. They had 
started out without guides and gotten as far as "Turtle Rock," when 
we found them sitting 'round, singing and seemingly as happy 

That Night at Shelter Hut.., The Scotch Preacher's Story. 359 

and content as though on their own camping ground. They told 
us that they had just solved the mystery of Turtle Rock, and pro- 
ceeded to give us their solution. It must be correct as medical 
students, especially in their first year, are remarkable for thcir 
gift of solution. 
"Once upon a time a million or two years ago" the red 
headed student was saying, "there lived in Algonquin Park a 
tribe of giants, who, by way of pastime, used to go about placing 
these rocks upon pedestals. This we know for here we see one 
of the rocks, which is proof positive of our solution." Then theý 
sang: "For he's a jolly good fellow," and forgot all about being 
lost. \Ve set them on their course, gave them a map and some 
bacon, and would have given them some of the liquid refreshments 
but by this time Ross, Bob and the Colonel had made that quite 
Possibly the jolliest night of our tour was spent at the shel- 
ter hut at Burnt lake, the beauty of which lake I have already 
briefly told you. For miles around its banks are a dense mass 
of virgin pine, with here and there islands standing boldly out 
of the water, beautiful in their green. To see this one lake were 
worth the trip, but then as to 

That Night at Shelter Hut. 
Just here, I will say, that the shelter huts are built of logs 
and are 14 x 16 feet. They contain a stove, a table and bunks 
for six people with room on the floor for a number of spruce twig 
beds, if needs be and that night there was need. 
Wernet here a party of six tourists, two CanadÜ:.ns, a Scotch 
preacher, an Ohio man, one from Kentucky and the Doctor from 
Vermont. We sat out in the open until far in the night telling 
stories, singing songs and talking of the delights of The Algoll- 
quin. The stories of the Yankees were nearly all old ones, but 
those of the Canadians and the Scotch preacher were new, at least 
new to me. 

u Would hev Added Ten Yere ter My Life." 
" Apropos of the great healthfulness of Canada," began th
Canadian Doctor, " there was a man who had long lived in New 
York State, near the Canadian line. That is he thought he. lived 
in New York State, but along came the International surveyors, 
straightening the line between the States and Canada. The re- 
sult threw our old farmer over a mile into Canada, convert- 
ing him from a Yankee into a Canuck. A year later, one of his 
former N ew York neighbors meeting him asked: '\Ve11 how <10 
you like the change? How do you like living in Canada?' 'Like 
it? Like it fine! I had alays herd thet it were a healthy coun- 
try, and now I know. Why me 'en my fambly were never so 

3 60 

The Spokes. 

helthy as we hev bin in the past yere. Why I do think ef thet ar 
line hed bin rUll et first it would hev added ten yeres to my life." 
He was nay Sic a FuZe, or Sandy the Bonesetter. 
"Doctor," began the Scotch preacher*, "that's a pretty fair 
8tory, pretty fair, but let me tell YOll one about the old Scotch 
woman, who did nay believe in you high-fa-lutin' doctors. One 
day her little boy, Donald, fell from a tree and broke his leg. She 
found that a doctor must be had quick, no time to lose, so she had 
to send for one of you. The leg was set, but the poor woman 
just knew that it would never get 'weel.' 'Oh dear,' she moan2d, 
'ef ony we cud have had Sandy the bonesetter, Donald wad shure 
racover, but tham ha-fa-Iutin' doctors are nay gud, and Donald 
may dee.' But Donald did 'nay dee,' and was soon able to be put 
into a wagon with a goodly supply of bedding and driven over 
the mountain to Sandy, the 'bonesetter.' 
"All the way over she told Donald what a wonderful man 
was Sandy. How that he knew all about bonesetting. 'l\ly, ha 
con til by tha luk 0 the sken aul aboot the fracture! Ah, sarry 
the dee ha war nay thare whun et was bruk.' 
"Along about noon they reached Sandy's the 'bonesetter.' 
Donald was carefully lifted out, taken in and laid upon a cot. 
The old lady told Sandy how sorry she was that he had not be
near enough to be called when the accident happened, then told 
h1111 to examine the 'laig' while she held the horse. In due time 
Sandy reported that the 'laig' was in a fair way of recovery, and 
Donald was placed back into the wagon and the happy mother 
started home, loud in her praise of the wonderful knowledge of 
Sandy. All the while sh
 kept asking Donald, oded' a examine 
it weel?' 'Aye mither!' 'Ded a press on hard?' 'Aye mither!' 
"And so they ran on, she inquiring into all the details of the 
examination, and Donald answering to each question, '^ ye 
mither.' "\Then they reached home, poor Donald had to answer 
all the questions over for the benefit of the family. Finally some 
one said, 'oh poor Donnie huw it must have hurt to hav Sandy, 
the bonesetter, press say hard on tha poor lem! 
" 'Hurt! Hurt r said Donald with a smile, 'It did nay hurt at 
all. I was nay sic fule to shaw he em th sair laig.'" 
We all accorded to this story telling Scotch preacher the hon- 
ors of the evening. He was moreover a singer, almost as good 
A Wade or a Fraser, the WarbZers of No. 16. 
Those who have heard these warblers, can fully appreciate the 
qualities of his wonderful voice. It was full of technique. I think 
that that was what it was full of. I don't know just what it 
means, that's why I use the \vord, in the hope that it may be COï- 

* The dear old man has f;ince died. 

Burnt Lake. The Penzbroke Hunter's Story. 361 

rect, as none of the set phrases will fit the st) Ie of voice belonging 
to those singers, and did I use them you might guess that I do not 
know anything about music-and guess rightly. It finally came 
my turn to "sing, tell a story or treat." As I could not do the 
fil'st, and as Ross, Bob and the Colonel, had made the last impos- 
sible, I had to tell a story, so I told 

The Pembroke Hunter's Story. 
One that had been told me only a few days before. It was 
one I could not have believed myself had I not had each part of 
it verified to my own eyes. It is but a sample of story often i e- 
lated in this land of great fishers and hunters. 
" We had not been having very good luck fishing that morn- 
ing," said the Pembroker, "but we moved the canoe down about 
one hundred yards and started in to 'whip,' well sir, you never 
saw trout snap the fly like them trout snapped it at that new hole. 
In less than ten minutes we had thirty as fine five pounders as 
you ever saw. Here's one of them I had mounted," and there 
on the wall of his dining room he showed me the fish. I twas 
a fine specimen. "The rest," said he, ., were even finer." He 
took another drink--of water-and continued, as he started to- 
ward the parlor. "By this time I had grown tired of fishing and 
paddled the canoe out to the bank. Picking up my rifle-here's 
the rifle," said he, showing me a most Sa'i.,'age looking gun, still 
verifying his story as he went along. "We started up the bank, 
when I saw two fine bucks in exact range. I am very quick and 
up went my gun like a flash. I fired and brought them both down, 
shooting both through the head, and here are the heads." And 
there were the heads, one on either side of the large hall. "But 
a strange thing occurred when I fired that shot. There were two 
partridges sitting on a limb almost in exact range with the bucks. 
well, sir, you may imagine my surprise, when I saw both of them 
drop. I picked them up, put them into my game bag and went 
on to the bucks. I did not think about the birds any more until 
I reached home, when I found both alive, they only having been 
stunned by the passing bullet. Here are the two birds. Now, 
honest, ain't they fine?" I had to admit that they were beauties. 
,: \Vell, after we had hung up the two bucks," he continued, " the 
old. guide said, 'say, I have a bear trap set over here to the left 
near a little creek, let's go over and see what may be in it.' 'vVe 
went over, and bless you there was as fine a bear as you ever saw, 
fat and full of fight, but I soon fixed him. I was by this time 
tired out with good luck, but the old guide said, 'I have another 
bear trap down by the big pine, let's go see what's in it.' vVe 
went and sure enough there was another bear, and here are lhe 
two skins. I had 'em both tanned for parlor rugs." And there 
sure enough were the two bear rugs on his large parlor floor. It 

3 62 

The Spokes. 

was very hard for me to believe his story, but what was I to do, 
when, as I said before, he verified each part of it, by the proof to 
my very eyes,* 
Nobody said a word, but one after another filed off to the hut, 
and left me sitting alone. I have since often wondered why that 
little gathering on the banks of Burnt lake, came to such a sud- 
den silent ending, but I shall never forget the pleasures of that 
night. I shall never hear any of those songs sung, or the stories 
told, but what they will carry me back, in sweet memory to Al- 
gonquin Park in Canada. 


Were you ever in a town and felt all the while that you were 
in a city? Well that's the feeling one has when in Parry Sound. 
There is something in the place that makes one feel that this 
town of 3,000 people is a thriving city. Everybody seems pro- 
sperous, and there is an air of business about their manner that 
is pleasing. 

Fair yVages TVill Keep the Boys at Hon'le. 
I sought the reason and found it, and can you guess what I 
found? It is one, that might be well for many another Canadian 
city to look into, and stop its young men from seeking homes in 
a foreign country, rather than staying to help build up their own 
land. Parry Sound pays fair wages, that is why it has the air of 
prosperity. I was told that it pays better wages than is paid 111 
any place of its size in Canada. This may not be true, but it does 
pay good wages, and is in a fair way to become a city of large 
proportions. It has the location, both as to railroads and ship- 
ping. Situated in a shelter harbor with lines of steamers plying 
in all directions, it cannot but in due time command a vast traùe. 
" \\There is Parry Sound?" As usual I began talking about 
it rather than first telling you where it is. \Vell, in the first place 
it is on a sound of the same name running in from Georgian Bay, 
some 18 or 20 miles. It is at the mouth of the Seguin river, a 
considerable stream that furnishes a large power for mills, besid
being used for bringing in vast quantities of logs from a wide 
range of country along and tributary to it. It is 260 miles almost 
due west of Ottawa, and 140 a little west of north of Toronto. 
It is the County seat of the County of the same name. It is about 
4 0 years since it was started. The Gibsons first owned the land, 

* This !';tory. almo"t a" I lu\Ye told it. was related to me in Pcmbroke as true, and 
the man had not been dl'Íllking- anything but water-cither. 

The Parry Sound U Wink." 

3 6 3 

but Wm. Beatty known as "The Governor," purchased all that por. 
tion west of Seguin river, and laid out the town, as it is. 

Dry Deeds and U the Parry Sound Wink." 
W m. Beatty was a very good man. There is only one lot in 
the whole town on which he left it possible to have a saloon, and 
that was by a mistake. I t is at present occupied by the Bank of 
Ottawa. The managers of that bank were wise, in choosing this 
lot. If banking don't pay in Parry Sound they can turn it into 
a saloon. I did not at first know of this restriction in the deeds 
of "The Governor," and couldn't understand why that every timè 
I missed the Colonel and made inquiry of a citizen-anyone of 
'em-he would invariably tel1 me: "Guess the Colonel must have 
gone across the river I " and sure enough in a short time I'd see 
him coming back across the bridge smiling. It wasn't long how- 
ever until he got " on to" the" Parry Sound wink," when order- 
ing soda water. That" wink" saved him many a step. 

Tourist Town. 
On account of the magnificent scenery for miles around 
Parry Sound, many tourists find their way here each summer, and 
on returning next year bring their friends. There are a number 
of hotels, some of them models of excellence in table and courtesy. 
This is especially so in Paisley's Belvidere, on the high hill over- 
looking the Sound. If you have travelled in Western 
Ontario, you must know of Jim Paisley. He is 1nine hOðt 
of the San Souci, at 1100n River, as ,veIl as of the 
Belvidere, and only recently has begun making the Grand Union 
of OUa wa, a model house. He makes all his guests his friends, 
and they go but to come again. 

A Fisher and a Hunter's Resort. 
The fishing and hunting all around Parry Sound is most ex- 
cellent. Just near by, across the Sound, is Parry Island, an Indian 
Reservation. Peter Megis, the Chief, can always fttrnish guides 
who know aU the good hunting grounds, and ideal brooks where 
may be taken the" wily," in abundance. It is claimed that no 
better deer hunting can be found in the Dominion than within a 
short distance of this little city. 

Timber and Lumber District. 
Parry Sound is a great timber and lumber centre. The first 
day we reached there I was surprised to meet at the hotel one of 
the Shephards, of Boston, firm of Shephard l\lorse Lumber Com- 
pany, whom I knew years ago in New York. He said that Gur 
timber is becoming so scarce they had to seek new fields, and that 


The Spokes. 

Canada just nm'\' is the best. l\fr. Peter \Vhelen, of Ottawa, their 
Canadian representative, was with him. We found Mr. Whelen 
one of those genials whom to know is one of life's pleasurð. 
But to return to timber. Vast forests of hardwoods, are all about 
Parry Sound. :Maple, birch, white oak of very fine quality, are 
all here in abundance, while hemlock, bass wood and pine, keep 
a number of mills going, some of them night and day. 

Rube' s Watch too Slow for the Saw. 
I never saw lumber made so fast before. I tried one day to time 
the sawing of a log, but put my watch back into my pocket. It ran 
too slow. Why, bless you, they had band saws with the teeth on 
both sides. It cut coming and going. And by the way, the original 
inventor of this saw now lives in Parry Sound. He was for- 
merly of Dubois, Penna. There are here three enormous saw 
mills. The Parry Sound Lumber Company, J. B. l\1i11er, Presi- 
dent, Secretary, 1\1. l\1cClelland; The Conger Lumber Company, 
VV. H. Pratt, President, \Vm. McClean, Secretary; The Wm. 
Peters Estate Lumber Company, Alvin Peters, Manager. 

Parry Sound Jail. 
I nearly forgot the jail, which to forget would be to leave 
out one of the institutions of Parry Sound. To be sure it is 
nearly always empty, but it is yet a feature. It is claimed th3.t 
it sets one of the best tables of any boarding house in town. Pri- 
soners however are a rarity and when they do get one they aim 
to treat him so well that he will want to stay, but somehow these 
meT' are of a roving nature, never satisfied in one place. That 
is possibly why they can't hold him for any length of 
time, even with good board. The very day he takes a notion to 
go on the road again he simply picks up his clothes and goes. If 
he have no suitable wardrobe of his own he just walks off with 
the Judge's suit, and the Judge lays in a new supply for the next 
one and don't seem to mind it. There is so little doing, howev
in law, that I guess the Judge is always glad of a new snit. Yes, 
the jail is a feature of Parry Sound. Its empty condition spe:lks 
well for its :Ministers and 
of which there are a number. Some of the churches are really 
beautiful edifices. 
The town has two newspapers. The North Star, Liberal, and 
The Canadian, Conservative. W m. Ireland is editor and proprîe- 
tor of the former, and Charles Sarvey editor and proprietor of 
the latter. They are live papers and appear to be well supported 
by the town. 

U August Night on Georg1'an Bay.1.J 


The Bank of Ottawa has a branch here. 

ibly the finest business block in the place. 
IS manager. 

Its building is pos- 
:\lr. H. Y. Compliil 

Municipal Success. 
They have municipal electric lighting and water works, and 
the Mayor, .i.\lr. J. A. Johnson, informed us that the plan is work- 
ing most admirably. 
* * * * * * 
One evening as the Colonel and I sat out on the piazza of the 
Belvidere, which overlooks the island dotted Sound, we could 110t 
but enjoy the prospect before us. As far as the eye could reach, 
to the west, was nought but a placid sheet of water, broken in 
the far distance by an arm of highlands (shutting off the Sound 
from the Bay), above whose edge the great red sun was going 
to his rest among the 70,000 islands of the beautiful Georgian Bay 
" Rube, of what are you thinking?" asked the Colonel, who 
noted my pleased silence. 
"Thinking of that sweet poem of W m. \ Vilfrid Campbell' 6. 
You know he is called the "Lake Poet," from the many gems he has 
written of this very country, or rather of the lakes to the near 
west of here. In looking over this magnificent scene, I could not 
but recall this one of his which seems so fitting to this time and 
place," and then I told him these lines of the gem: 

U August Night on Georgian Bay." 
The day dreams out, the night is brooding in, 
Across this world of vapor, wood and wave, 
Things blur and dim. Cool silvery ripples lave 
The sands and rustling reed-beds. N ow begin 
Night's dreamy choruses, the numerous din 
Of sleepy voices. Tremulous, one by one, 
The stars blink in. The dusk drives out the sun, 
And all the world the hosts of darkness win. 

Anon through mists, the harvest moon will come, 
With breathing flames, above the forest edge; 
Flooding the silence in a silvern dream; 
Conquering the night and all its voices dumb, 
With unheard melodies. \Vhile all agleam 
Low flutes the lake along the lustrous sedge." 
"Colonel, I shall never see nor hear those lines but I shall 
think of this night in Parry Sound." And I spoke truly. \Ve left 
next day to return to the Capital, but often and often again have 
I lived over that night; and enjoyed in memory the delightful tour 
through "Lakeland." 

3 66 

The Spokes 


"Rube, what village was that we passed on the way to Queen's 
Park?" asked the Colonel one day when we were talking over 
the places about Ottawa. 
" That was Aylmer, 'the Deserted Village of the North.' " 
"Why so called?" 
" From the fact of it's having been the home of so many pro- 
minent men, now gone to other parts. It was the birthplace of 
the world-known 

Christian Endeavor Clark*. 
Rev. Francis E. Clark-born Symmes-a man of far reaching in- 
fluence, whose followers will reach into millions, even during his 
life time." 
"What, do you mean to say that the man who originated the 
Christian Endeavor Society was born in Aylmer? This is inter- 
" Yes, the same. He was the son of Charles Carey Symmes. 
\Vhen his father and mother died he was adopted by his maternal 
uncle and took his name, Clark." 
When the Colonel heard this, nothing would do but that We" 
should visit the birth place of this famous man, and next day we 
went out to Aylmer, taking the Hull electric trolley, starting from 
the station under the Dufferin bridge near the post office. 
\Ve got off the car at Aylmer and walked out Broad St., so 
called from its narrmvness, directly north from the Court House, 
past the shaded square-walked out to where town blends into 
country, and there \ve found 

Cherry Cottage, 
(now occupied by T. W. E. Sowter, a geologist of more than 
national note), so namerl from the many trees of that fruit which 
once surrounded it. " Yes," we were told, " this is where Francis 
Clark was born-in that room!" Then we looked at "that room," 
and felt almost as though looking upon sacred walls. \Ve left 
Cherry Cottage, and the first person we met informed us that we 
Þad seen but one of the birth places of this illustrious man, and 
then he kindly directed us to the other, on the corner of :Main St., 
and the shaded square opposite the Court House. " Yes, this is 
the birth place of the great Christian Endeavor Clark!" at this 
we ceased to wonder that poor old Homer had seven cities claim- 

* It iF> a reml\rkab'e fact that Rev. Francis E. Ch\rk-now of Bo<;ton-the head of 
the Chriltian Endea,'or Rociety. sholllrl come from Aylmer. Province of Quebec. and 
Bishop J F. Bf'rry-now of Buffalo. N.Y.-the head of the Epworth LeRg"ue. should 
come trom A vImer. Province of Ontario. Roth from Canada and both from the only 
two towns of that name-towns with but a difference of 87 in their 2.000 inhabitants. 

Madame Albani's First Piano. 

3 6 7 

ing him. The house is a dark, gloomy looking stone building, 
and not at all ideal as a birth place. When we looked at the two, 
we did not wonder that Rev. Clark should choose to celebrate at 
the cottage, which, with the Christian Endeavorers, he did, dur- 
ing the Convention held in Ottawa in 1896, and yet all sorts of 
proof is advanced to show that the Symmes-Prentiss house, on 
Main St., is the place. A very old lady told us she knew it was, 
for once she took her little girl there to see the baby-and both 
she and her daughter are positive that Francis was that "baby." 
Another citizen said he knew that the stone house was the plac
for his grandfather had heard that Cherry Cottage was not buiit 
until after "Frank's" arrival. They all lovingly call him "Frank," 
in Aylmer. It is hard to say which faction is right. I give you 
the two, take your choice. Be all this as it may the Cottage was 
the only Aylmer home" Frank" Clark ever knew. His fath
was a lumberman, and died on his way back from Quebec in 1834, 
died on the boat before reaching Three Rivers, where he was 
buried. He contracted cholera from the poor immigrants, whose 
suffering he risked his own life to relieve. His mother was a 
very remarkable woman; highly educated, and of great strength 
of character, as may be known from her talented son. "Like 
mother like son." She taught school in Cherry Cottage almost 
up to her death, which occurred March 26th, 1859, when Francis 
was but seven years old. (See illustrations of Rev. Clark and the 
Cottage. ) 

Madame Albani 
lived in Aylmer when a little girl. She was born Lajennessê, 
at Chambley, Province of Quebec. Some say in 1Iontreal. A.. 
newspaper man said he was positive of it, and for five months 
promised each time I met him to furnish me the facts but I 
couldn't hold the press open any longer and must needs give the 
accepted Chambley. \Ve saw her first piano. It was made by 
John Broadwood and Sons, makers to His l\Iajesty and Princess, 
Grtat Poulteney and Golden Square, London. It is very small, 
27 inches wide by 64 long. 
There is a 11ember of Parliament in London who does not 
fear to cross swords with the greatest of the Empire. He is a 
Canadian. He was the l\Iember for Ottawa County before it was 
di, ided, and afterward represented Wright County. He resign- 
ed in 1897, when he was sent as Dominion Commissioner to Dub- 
lin, Ireland. \Vhen Colonel Lynch's seat, in Galway City, be- 
came vacant, this Canadian was chosen to fill it-chosen by ac- 
clamation. It was our pleasure to hear him speak, one night in 
Ottawa. He is an orator of rare ability. That Canadian is 
Charles R. Devlin, son of Charles Devlin, of Aylmer. 
Many of Ottawa's prominent business and professional men 
are from this town. Among the number are, T. Lindsay, one of 


The Spokes. 

the most successful merchants in Ottawa, the Davis Brothers, 
large contractors, H. K. Egan, capitalist, Henry Aylen, one of the 
best known lawyers in the city, J. C. Brown, broker, and many 
Mayor Symmes, of "The Lilacs," has six sons, two are in 
Chili, South America, one in Johannesberg, South Africa, one in 
Ivlontana, and two in Chicago, and all prominent in their various 
The Klock Brothers, of Mattawa, and :ß10ntreal, sons of the 
great old time lumberman, R. H. Klock, were once of Aylmer. If 
father was like sons he must have been a grand old man, for more 
genial men, than the two brothers, I have not met in all Canada. 

Agricultural Fair. 
The Colonel and I happened in town on Fair Day. Up here 
in Canada the " Fair Ground" is an institution. Towns or vil- 
lages with less than 500 people will often have a most creditable 
exhibition. The country people go into it with the right spirit, 
and you would be surprised at the success, even one of their vil- 
lages makes. 

Rube Takes First Premium. 

Seeing that there were no photographs in competition, aud 
having a large number with me, I fixed up a card of them and 
took "first premium." The Colonel, however, declares that I 
took it when the committee wasn't looking. 

The Colonel Pays Two Fares to See the Fair. 
He says this to get even for my causing him to pay two ad- 
missions. You see he had climbed up on the high enclosure to 
take a snap shot of the grounds. Just as he was getting down, 
the President of the Fair happened along. " Here, we don't allow 
people to climb over the fence, into the grounds; you must pay 
your fare. Out with it! " 
"I didn't climb over!" protested the Colonel. 
" Didn't climb over! Why man I saw you! " 
"Yes," said I, "make him pay :Mr. President. I wouldn't 
allow people to come over the fence, you can't run your show on 
'dead heads.'" Then to the Colonel, as though I didn't know 
him: ":Mr., you ought to be ashamed of yourself to try to 
beat your way into peoples fairs, come pay the man." Say, I 
wish I could have taken the Colonel's picture at that moment, but 
I couldn't, he had the camera. That is why he says I took that "first 
premium," when the committee wasn't looking. 

Courtesy to the Stars and StriPes. 


The Hull Electric Company 
has its offices here. Wm. R. Taylor, for years connected with 
the 1vIissouri Pacific, at St. Louis, is the efficient manager, under 
whose supervision the road is becoming a most valuable asset. It 
has 26 miles of track, and is well equipped. It runs from Hull 
to Queen's Park, along the north shore of the Ottawa, passing on 
the way Tetreauville, Deschenes (at which place is located the 
company's power house), and Aylmer. 
Queen's Park contains 80 acres, and is a small Coney Island, 
without the objections of that famous resort. It is well shaded 
by pretty cedars and pines. It is rolling and picturesque. Here 
yúu can shoot the chutes, listen to the laughter of children in the 
merry-go-round, or lose yourself in the J\rI ystic Moorish Maze, 
with its 124 trick doors. The Park lies on Lake Deschenes 
(meaning, the lake of the oaks), a body of water of which the fam- 
ous oarsman Hanlan once said: " It is the finest stretch of water 
I ever saw for a regatta." 

V ictoria Yacht Club 
has its club house at the Park. Its officers are: President, E. A. 
DIver; Vice-President, Geo. H. Rogers; Secretary, E. T. B. Gill- 
more; Treasurer, D. E. Johnson; Hon. Commodore, Geo. H. 
Miller; Commodore, the once famous oarsman, R. H. Haycock; 
Vice-Commodore, C. W. Spencer; and Rear Commodore, A. H. 
Taylor. Directors: E. A. Olver, Ceo. Burn, S. H. Rogers, D. 
E. Johnson, P. McGillivray, M. W. 11errill, W. H. Thicke, O. 
Haycock, P. D. Bentley, T. Leavie and Geo. H. Ross, 

Stars and Stripes. 
It was in the ball room of the Victoria Club House where 
we counted 21 of our own flags. They hung side and side with 
the Union Jack. It made me feel ashamed of some of my own 
country who 'lose their heads' when they see a British flag 
in our cities. The fact that these 'heads' are emþty, is the only 
excuse I can give, and yet I am heartily ashamed of them when 
I see how kind these people are toward our flag. We owe this 
club for many courtesies. It has a membership of about 300. 
Apropos of Aylmer. It is remarkable for its pretty girls- 
as the Colonel discovered-and for their musical accomplish- 
ments-as I discovered. Some of them having remarkable voices. 
It was once a Court town but the "seat" was removed to 
Hull. The old citizen in speaking of this removal said: "It 
nearly broke up our hotels. You know, strangers, take the members 
of the 'bar' (here he winked) away from a town and that town 
is agoing to feel the blow." 

37 0 

The Spokes. 

The Black Story. 
"Ever hear the story about Black? " "No? well one day 
when the Judge was aholding a Court here in Court House No. I, 
which was built in 18S2, burned and rebuilt in 186S-this Black 
I'm a tellin you about, made a small disturbance. The Judge had 
dispepsy, and was just a bit more 'crabbed' that day than usual 
'Here, put that man out f' said he, sharp like. Two constables 
grabbed Black and led him to the door, but he was too quick for 
them. He pushed them, out, shut the door, turned the key then 
saluted, polite like : 'Your Honor, they're both out.' " ' 


A delightful days' outing is to Chelsea, 9 miles out on the 
Gatineau Road. Start at 9.30 from the Union Station. There IS 
not so much to see at the station, but hours may be spent along the 
river, a short distance to the east of the station. 
Here is the" deserted village," once the busy site of the Allan 
Gilmour mills. The mills and workmen's cottages are fast going 
to ruin, but ruins always have a charm for the tourist, even though 
they be but of wood. There are pretty falls and rapids, and cosey 
nooks along the shady banks' of the Gatineau, an ideal place for a 
day's outing. You may fish or wander far up the river, with its 
ever changing scenery. 
Some of the old houses show new life, as Ottawans take them 
for the summer months, and get far more restful pleasure than at 
some fashionable resort. Among these cottagers are John Sharpe, 
the Sculptor, John Chisholm, of the Justice Department, Rev. :Mí. 
Turnbull, of the Bank Street Presbyterian Church, Rev. Mr. 
11itchell, of the Erskine Church, Goo. H. Wilson, editor of the 
Evening Journal, Mr. Harris, Gerald Brown, the popular and 
well known representative of the Montreal vVitness, and many 
others. Doctor George Johnson, Dominion Statistician, of fre- 
quent mention, has one of his numerous bee farms at Chelsea, 
where he amuses himself at odd moments. The amusement 
however is often for the other fellow, especially, when the Doctor 
has a bit of " hiving to do." " 
The real pleasure of a day in the country is to 
"run across" new places. At the station we saw a man 
with a wagon, "Where are you going?" said he. Now, we had 
heard of Kingsmere, and had the mountain (?) of that name 
pointed out to us from Parliament House to the north, but like 
many another place, it was only a name. It was something new 
to see, so we said: "We're going with you," and to Kingsmere 

The End. 

37 1 

we went. "Five miles to the south of the station." That's what 
the driver said, to make even change at 5 cents per mile; but fonr 
and one-half is the distance, and a delightful drive, passing Old 
Chelsea, a mile and a half away, with its quaint country church 
and graveyard. Nothing of note to see, unless it was to watch 
the bevy of pretty girls as they paraded the main street, outchew- 
ing even "The pretty gum chewers of Carp." The Colonel says 
the village girl of Canada can beat our typical factory girl wh
it comes to wax-chewing. At Old Chelsea it was general. There 
may be exceptions, but if so, they were not on 1\Iain Street the t}ay 
we passed. 
Kingsmere is a beautiful lake, small, but situated as it is, at 
the foot of the mountain (?) on one side and hills all around, it is 
simply a charming sheet of water. 
It is a very select spot. The cottages of some of the best 
people of Ottawa are all about, some nestling among the well- 
shaded banks, whilst others occupy high elevations, commanding 
views of surpassing beauty. Here are the summer homes of l\1r. 
A. Fleck, of the Canada Atlantic; Mr. Levi Crannell, of frequent 
mention; 1fr. Gilbert Allan; Rev. Dr. W. T. Herridge, of St. An- 
drew's Church; 1\.lr. James; Lady Bourinot; Messrs. Charles :lnd 
John Bryson, of Bryson & Graham; Mr. and Mrs. Frank Jenkins, 
both of "musical Ottawa"; l\Iackenzie King, the talented young 
Deputy :Minister of Labor, well known at Harvard, where he was 
for a time connected as an instructor, which place he resigned to 
take his present position; R. A. Bradley, barrister, and many 
others. We visited 

Brown's M ica Mines, 
the first we had ever seen. This is a great mica section. It is 
mined in a very primitive way. and yet thousands of dollars worth 
is taken out annually. If handled in a business-like way, a for- 
tune might be dug out each year. 
We returned to the station, and thence to the city, after a most 
delightful day's pleasure. 
The Colonel and I often remark the good fortune that brought 
us to Ottawa, for we have never before found so charming a city, 
with surroundings (saving Quebec) so heart pleasing. We can- 
not forget our "first love," hence the parenthesis, and yet we often 
fear that if we stay in and about Ottawa much longer
will be danger of a " breach of promise suit." 





Whilst searching for data for the foregoing, 
and whilst writing out that data, I began no less 
than three chapters each one of which has grown 
into what will make a book of itself. The first 
will be "The By town Pioneers." This will in- 
clude all the names that could be found in early 
records, lists-from every source, including tlie 
memory of "The oldest inhabitant." 
It will cover not only By town but all of Car- 
leton County, and portions of the country to the 
north of the Ottawa. 

., GARD'S 1955." 

The second book will be "Gard's 1955." It 
will be a graphic account of what " Rube and Lhe 
Colonel" find on return to the "New Ottawa" 
fifty years from date, at which time Ottawa has 
grown to a city of 999,999. 
As communication then is very rapid they 
visit Quebec, Winnipeg,-"The Babylon of the 
North"-via. Toronto, and other great cities. 
The rate being 

20 Miles a Minute, 
very little time is wasted in travel, so that they 
have much time to spend, visiting in the various 
destinations, about which they have much to say. 
It will be somewhat after the 

Jules V erne Style, 
although I might say in passing that a critic in 
looking over the manuscript said that" Jules is not 
in the race with some of the Colonel's stories, 
whilst Rube is traveling in the same cannon ball." 
The book is not intended to relieve insomnia, 
and facts in no way retard the running of the 


C 0 l'rI I N G 

plot of which there IS none to speak, unless it 
be in the telling of 

The Ai arvel/ous Growth of Canada, 
and the vast development of the Dominion. 
While local, in a way, it is intended to keep th
Kamskatkin as wide awake as the native of the 
great city of Hull-which has extended its bor- 
ders to the north, taking in Chelsea. 
The two attend a number of public meetings, 
one of which was called to devise plans for 

Building the Central Station. 
In this, Rube makes a great hit by delivering a 
speech as original, which he had heard "The Sena- 
tor" deliver when he (Rube) was here before. 
The speech will be given in full, merely to show 
what a memory he has. Original at the start it 
will have lost, in time, none of its originality. 
The third book grew out of the second cind 
takes the form of a novel-for that matter, how- 
ever, both are in a way novel, and 'tis hoped will 
not prove uninteresting, especially in Quebec, 
or rather under Quebec, where the plot is laid. 
It may contain some wild fancies. but wild fan- 
cies will be the order in 1955, so it will be apro- 
pos. This book will be 


The name don't mean anything but may in time. 
The two books will be profusely illustrated 
by numerous pictures, which have been promised 
for" The Hub and The Spokes," and which Ly 
then will have been received by the author, :11- 
eluding one of a very popular regim
nt who haft 
promised, up to the last moment, that "we will 
get you 'that group' if you just hold the press 
open long enough." 
There will be some mention of 



The Great Men of 1905. 
found in a list engraved on brass, dug up by some 
workmen. I t creates a sensation on account of 
its length. Rube and the Colonel create another 
sensation by telling in what way they were great, 
as unfortunately history had missed some of them 
in the shuffle of time. 
But to return to seriousness and .. The 
By town Pioneers." It is desirable that all apathy 
be thrown off and family data be furnished Ine 
as soon as possible, and the data needed will be 
simply the name of your first ancestor who came 
to By town, up to January 1st, 1855. I want àis 
full name, the date of his arri
al and the name 
of his sons. I may have much of this already, 
as I have as many as 1,500 names. Your family 
may be in the list but don't take that for granb
This is the form in which I want it: "Chas. B. 
Woodhead came to By town (or as the case may 
be any other place in Carleton or Wright Coun- 
ties) in 1829. Sons' names," (here give their 
names in order of birth) . You need not gi ve 
the daughters names, as the dear girls, then as 
now, had a way of changing their names on slight 
provocation and duplicate families would appear 
in the records. 

Honor to Have Been of By town Origin. 
The day is coming when to have been of ')ld 
By town origin will be a special honor-and as 
they of the first to have pioneered a country de- 
serve remembering, it is desirable that you will 
all help preserve the By town names. Ten years 
from now this work will be impossible, as much 
of it is already lost, and the memory of the old 
is going fast. They too are going fast. As I 
look over my notes, I find name after name gone, 
of those who gave me kindly assistance, and ere 
long there will be none left to prove that By town 
ever existed-save proof by record. 
Ottawa, Canad:t.. 





'-ßa ller

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Slater-Orme Block. The oM stone hom,e joining was built 
Metropolitan Insuranc
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Building. L. N. Poulin's Departmental Store. 





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Central Chambers. )lcKin]ey & Korthwood. 


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Rev. Thomas ""ardrope, D.D. 
John MacMillan, B.A. Juhn Thorburn, :\I.A., LL.D. 
John C. Glashan, LL. D., Inspector of Public Schools. 
A. H. McDougall, B,A. Cecil Rethune, S
c.-Treas. Collegiate Institute. 







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Interior viev.s of the new Arts Building of thp t'niyersity of Ottawa. Ahsolutely 
fireproof. Huilt wholly of Portland Cement. A new (lepartme in construc- 
tion in college huildings, wholly due to the care of Father Emery. President 
of the l'nin:rsity. He ùuilt for safety anù to stand fur ages. 






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:\rchhishop (Pres
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Father Taharet, First Rector of Oltawa CnÍ\-ersitv, 18-t- S . 
Father Emery, Pres
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"Sweet girl graduates." Rideau Street Conyent. 


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l\Idropolitan Busil1ES:, CoHege. 

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:\Iiles of distance, and dangers and hardships at the destination, never 
daunt the soldiery of Ottawa when duty cal1s, be that duty the col1ecting 
of taxes in Low or fighting for the Empire in South Africa. 

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Roth picture and men were through the Riel Rehel1ion of tS85. 
Engraving found on the outside of a copper cylinder. 

I. Color-Sgt. Cha
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2. Staff-Sgt. Frank Xewhy, G.G.F.G. 
3. Sgt. Plunkett Taylor, G.G. F.G., now Major, G.G. F.G. 
4. Staff-Sgt. :\Iaynanl Rogers, 43n1, nO\\ Lt.-Col. D.C.O. R. 
5. Sgt. H. L. H. Ross, G.G. F.G. 

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;\Iaynanl Rogers. ,tJnl D. L'. O. R. 7. :\Iajor C. P. i\Iereclith, Ottawa Co. 
. Li.>ut. :'\ewton Ker, Corps of <';l1Ï1les. 9. Lieut. J. F. \Yatson, 
Signal Corps. 10. :\1ajor A. T. 
hil1ingtoJ), .-\.:\1. Co 


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At the Rifle Range-The School of Musketry- Lt.-Co\. Rohert Cartwright in 
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The Hugging or Huggins Hrigarle. Rube says, " \\"hat's the difference of 
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The Nile Y oyageurs of 1884. 

famous ptcture. 


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Photo 1111 Reardon. 

Preparing for the Engagement- Time 12 o'clock, ,895. Captain's order: 
" Bring 011 them chickens the hoys stole last night! " 


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The Malone Ladies' Corps, who \"Ïsited Ottawa Dominion Day, 1904. 


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The Duke of Cornwall's Own Rifles visit Burlington, \'t. 
Helping to celehrate Dewey's ,-ictory at l\Ianila. 




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