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Full text of "Theological works of Dr. Pocock, containing his Porta Mosis, and English commentaries on Hosea, Joel, Micah, and Malachi, to which is prefixed an account of his life and writings, never before printed; with the addition of a new general index to the commentaries"

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T H E^ 




Theological WORKS 



O F T H E 



Learned Dr. P O C O C K, 

Sometime Profeflbr of the Hebrew and A r a b i c k Tongues, in 
the Univerfity of Oxford^ and Canon of Chrifi-Church : 

CONTAINING 

His P O R T A M O S I S, 

And English Comment a r ills oh 

HosEA, Joel, Micah, and Malachl 

To which is prefixed. 

An Account of his LIFE and WRITINGS, 

never before printed; 



WITH THE 
Addition of a new General INDEX to the C om m e n t a ri¥s7 

In T W O VOLUMES. 

VOL. I. 

By LEONARD T W E L L S, M. A. 

Re^lor of the United Pariflies of St. Matthew Sy Friday-Street^ and 
St. Peter s.. Cheapo and Prebendary of St. Paufs^ London. 



LONDON: 

Printed for the EDITOR, and Sold by R. Gosling, at the Mitre and 

Crown in Fleet-Street. 
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TO THE 



Moft Famous and Learned " 

Univerfity of Oxford, 



The following . 

LIFE of Dr. POCOC]{^, 

(Who, for near Seventy Years, was a Member and an 
Ornament of that Venerable Body,) 

V 1- vr ;,. 

Is humbly INSCRIBED, 

As a Publick, though Small, Testimony of Gratis 
tude, for the Honour fonie Time fince conferred 



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Their Moji Obliged Servant, 



And Sincere ff^ell-wijher, 



The Compiler. 



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THE 



PREFACE. 



I SHOULD willingly have faved the Reader and myfelf the Trouble of a Preface, if it 
bad not been nece£ary to give him fame Information^ relating as well to the Life of 
Br. Pocock, as the prefent Edition of his Theological Works. 
WITH refpeSt to the former of thefe, I am to acquaint him, that Dr. PocockV Life 
was begun to be written forty Tears ago, by the Reverend and Learned Mr. Humphrey 
Smith, Vicar of Townftoll, and St. SaviourV, Dartmouth, in the County of Devon. At whoji 
Infiance he firji undertook the Work, I know not ; but he was greatly encouraged and affiftei 
therein, by the DoSior's eldefi Son, the Reverend Mr. Edward Pocock, ReSfor of Minall near 
Marlborough, in Wiltfhire, and Prebendary of Sarum: No Pains were fpared by either of 
them to procure Materials for the Defign. Mr. Pocock made all the neceffary Searches at Ox- 
ford, and tranfmitted the Refult of them, together with the Papers in his ffwn Cuflody, that 
concerned the Work, to Mr. Smith -, he, on the other Hand, wrote to all Dr. PocockV furviv- 
ing Friends, particularly to Dr. Wallis, Archbifhop Marfh, Mr. Locke, Dr. Huntington, Dr. 
Smith, Dr. Mill, Dr. Hickman, Dr. Francis Atterbury, Dr. Lancafter, Dean Aldrich, iSc. 
dejiring from them fuch Notices, as they could recolleSl about kim, and what Letters they had of 
bis in their Poffeffion. Some Intelligence came in this Way ; but to the great Difcouragement of 
Mr. Smith, // was found, that the greateft Part of the Letters, which had paffed between Dr. 
Pocock and the Learned^ both at home and abroad, for full Jixty Years, was entirely given for - 
loft. It feems, thofe Papers, in order to their Publication, had, foon after Dr. PocockV Deatki 
been put into the Hands of Dr. Arthur Charlett, then Pellow of Trinity in Oxford, and after- 
wards Majler of Univcrfity-College ; and to him Mr. Pocock applied, to get, them for the Ufe of 
Mr. Smith, as foon as he underftood the Defign he had to write his Father's Life ; but after long 
Search among his Papers, Dr. Charlett, not finding them, concluded, they were irretrievably loft 
in the Removal of his Books and Papers from Trinity to Univerfity-G)llege. Such, however, was 
Mr. SmithV Zeal for preferving the Memory of Dr. Pocock, that he refohed to attempt hisHiJlory 
upon the Strength of thofe imperfeSl Memoirs, that could be come at. With this Refolution he be- 
gan, and drew up the Doflor's Story, fairly written, and fcored for the Prefs, down to the Re- 
ftoration, and left behind him a foul Copy of the fame, continued for three Tears further; but 
here he fiopt, either difcouraged by Want of fufficient Lights, or by ill Health, and probably 
hy both. 

I FEAR the World will be but too fenftble of its Lofs, through the Change of Hands em- 
ployed about the Life of our Author. Mr. Smith was excellently qualified for the Undertaking, 
and, had he been fupplied with the Papers, which fince his Time have come to light, would have 
finijhed the Life with greater Advantage, than it can now reafonably pretend to. 

IT was once, therefore, my Intention to have obliged the Publick with what my Predeceffor 
in the Work had prepared, dtjlin£i, and to have thrown all the neceffary Additions and Altera- 
tions into Notes at the Bottom of each Page ; but the Bulk and Number of them foon convinced 
me, that fuch a Method would c'aufe too great an Interruption to the Thread of the Hiftory^ 
and that whatever Difadvantage it might be to Mr. Smith'j Performance, there was a Neceffity 
to work up all together. Befides, where authentick Information failed him, he was compelled to 
proceed upon Conjectures, which the Papers, fince found, difcover to have been, in fome Infian- 
ces, -wide of the Mark ; and I was by no Means fond of pointing out and corre£ling the Errors 
into which that worthy Gentleman fell, through a Misfortune, as unavoidable, as it was piteous.^ 
However, to make SatisfaiJion for any Injury, that may have been done to Mr. SmithV Part 
in the Narrative, by a Mixture with mine, I declare myfelf content, that whatever /hines t« 
our joint Work be placed to his Account, and that all of a different Chara£ler be deemed 
mine. 

I FURTHER think it a Debt to the Memory of this worthy Perfon, that he, who took fo 
much Pains to tranfmit to Pojlerity the Hiftory of Dr. Pocock, fhould himfelf be known to ti>e 
World by more Circumjlances, than merely thofe of his Name and Preferments. But bejides this^ 
I have a particular Reafon for laying before the World a fhgrt Account of Mr. Smith V Life, 

a which 



u 



TIic PREFACE. 



tobicb iSy that fome Tbings in bis MS. Life rejt -wholly on bis Veracity, the Vouchers and Au- 
thorities for them having died with him. It is fitting, therefore^ that Strangers to the Cbarat- 
ter of this Gentleman fuould know how refponfible a one it was. 

Mr. Humphrey Smith was bom in the ftrifh of Chew Stoke, in the Coiintv of Smicrfet, and 
there baptizoi the 12th Day of January, 1654: His Father was Mr. J'ifper Smith, a worthy 
and loyal Gentleman of that Place, who underwent Imprifonment, and Sequeftration of his 
whole Eftate, in thofe Times, for his Zeal and A<ftivity in the King's Service. He was put 
to School in his native Place, under the Care of the Reverend Mr. Rol-ert Paine, from whom 
he went to the Univerfity of Oxford, about the Year 1671, being admitted of .'^w^w's-CJ- 
lege, ■whgrc he ftffd, li]l he had t»ken the Degree of Bachelor of Artsj after this, ^^0. took 
Holy Qlders fropi th» Hands of Dr. Peter Mew, then Kfhop of Maib and IVellsi jind 
fcntA a»-a Curate in the Neighbourhood of fVells, till the Year i6"So; at which Time he 
was prcfented, by the Dean and Chapter of that Church, to the Vicarage of LongSutic?:, in 
the feme Diocefe, and fome Time during his Incumbency there, commenced Mafter of Arts. 
In the Year 1685, he was by the Mayor and Magiftrates of Clifton Dartmouih Hcrdnes, in 
Devon/hire, prcfented to the Vicarage of Townfioll and St. Saviour's, Dartmouth, of which 
they were Patrons, through the Recommendation of his Countryman and intimate Friend, 
Mr. Burfceugb, then Vicar of Totnefs, and afterwards Archdeacon of Barnflaple. Not long 
after his Induftion, the Mayor and Magiftrates of the Place freely granted Mr. Smith a l.xx\c- 
of the Impropriate Tithes of Townfloll, belonging to them, without any Referve to them- 
ielves, to continue in force during his Incumbency ; for the like Term, and in the fame ge- 
nerous Manner, they granted a Leafe likewife to Mr. Smith's Succeflbr, Mr. Priichard: The 
prefent worthy Incumbent, Mr. Henry Holdfworth\ having a Grant of the like Leafc for fixty 
icars, if he fhould fo long continue Vicar: A rare Inftance of Geni*rofity in Lay Impropria- 
tors, for which that Corporation deferves the higheft Honour and Eileem from thole» who 
love the eftablifhed Religion ! But to return. 

Mr. Smith was fcarce fixed in his new Settlement, when he was attacked by two zealous 
and eminent Teachers of the Separation, Mr. Flavel and Mr. Carey, the former beir>g of the 
Prefbyterian, and the latter of the Anabaptift Perfuafion : Thofe Gentlemen fecmed to have 
promifed themfelves an eafy Conqueft over a Perfon, fo much younger, and more unexpe- 
rienced than themfelves ; but after the Exchange of feveral Letters with each of them, in 
their refpedive Ways, they were convinced of their Miftake, in thinking, that he had 21eal 
without Knowledge. They found him wife above his Years, of folid Learning and found 
Judgment : Infomuch, that they are credibly reported, both of them, to have confefled their 
Surprize, at the ready and ingenious Anfwers they received from him. Upon this they for- 
bore to aflault him any more openly, endeavouring to difcredit him by fly Infinuations, and 
invidious Refleftions upon his Preaching. 

He had delivered two Funeral Sermons in the Years 1687 and 1689, at which great 
Offence was taken, and Clamours raifed by the Friends of the Separation : Some Mifreports 
concerning the former of thefe Difcourfes, he had Reafon to believe, were partly owing to 
one of the Teachers above-mentioned. Out of Regard, therefore, to his own injured Re- 
putation, he wrote three Letters to that Gentleman, and being able to draw only fome doubt- 
ful Anfwers to the two firft, and none at all to the laft, he was in the F.nd obliged to print 
both the Sermons together, and gave the Reafons for their Publication in the Preface. 

Some Years after, the like ungenerous Treatment obliged Mr. Smith to print two othQ: 
Sermons, preached at his own Parilh Church the Sunday before the Ele<5tion of Burgefles to 
ferve in Parliament for that Corporation, in the Year 1698: Thefe Sermons, in which he 
recommended Steadinefs in Religion, and Zeal for the Intereft of the eftablifhed Church, un- 
derwent fo much Cenfure from thofe, who were difafFeded, or very cooly afFedled to it, that 
he was obliged to make them publick ; and to thefe he added a Letter to a Friend, (Mr. 
Archdeacon Burfcough) in which he endeavoured to refijte thofe, who ignorantly, or elfe ma- 
licioufly affirm, that the only Difference between the Church and the Meeting-houfe is, that 
of a few Ceremonies. •" ' 

In the Year 1701, he put to the Prefs a Treatife, giving an Account of the Nature and 
Guilt of Schifm, being a Defence of Mr. Burfcough's Difcourfe on that Subjedl : To which 
he added fome PafTages out of Mr. FlaveJ^s Fountain of Life opened, recommending to the 
Confideration of thofe, who fhould have the Care of the new Edition of his Works, that 
they may either reconcile them to the Holy Scriptures, or elfe expunge them. 

These important Services to the eflablifhed Church recommended Mr. Smith to the No- 
tice of his Biftiop, Sir Jmathan Trelawney, and to the Efleem of his Brethren of the Clergy 
in that lar^e Diocefe : Of this the former gave a handfome Teftimony, by collating him to 
a Prebend in the Cathedral of Exeter, in September of the Year 1 703 ; and the latter, by 
chufing him one of their Reprefentatives in Convocation, though he did not very long fur- 
vive the Honour hereby done him. 

• This Gentleman, at the Dcfire of his Brother, and my very good Friend, Dr. Holdfworth, of Chalfont, St 
Pttcr'5, in Buckinghamlhire, fupplied me with thefe Particulars concerning Mr. Smith. 

His 



The P R E F A C E. ifi 

His laft publick Work, was a Sermon preach'd at Totnefs^ at the Vifitation of the Arch- 
deacon of that Place, May 1 7, 1 708, and printed, at his, and the Clergy's joint Requeft. 
The Title of it was, The divine Authorit-^ and Ufefulnefs of Church Cenfures afferted. 

From this Time, a confumptive Diforder increafing upon him, he died, Nov. ly, 1708. 
By his laft Will, he left an Eftate of his in Truft, after the Deceafe of his Widow, for 
raifing 1000 Pounds towards the Augmentation of fmall Benefices ; and by a Schedule an- 
nexed thereto, he ordered, that ail the Papers he had received from Mr. Edward Pocock^ 
fhould be returned to him, and with them, fo much of Dr. Potock's Life, as had been already 
written by him i which was accordingly performed, fave that fome of the Papers being loft, 
or miflaid, never came to hand. 

AFTER ihis, the Defign, for want cf fufficient Materials, lay dormant many Tears -, and 
that it ever was refumed, is owing to the Care and Coodnefs of a worthy Gentlemen, Thomas 
Rawlins, Efq\ of Pophills in Warwickftiire, Nephew and Executor to Dr. Charlett, who, among 
his {Inkle's Papers, after his Deceafe, found the Letters before-mentioned, and mojl obligingly com- 
municated them to the Reverend Mr. John Pocock, Grandfon to the great Profefjor, and Re£lor 
cf Minall near Marlborough, in Wilts, who prejfed me to fill up .and compleat what Mr. Smith 
had fo happily begun. Thus much for the Life. ■ .'- 

' AS to the prefent Edition of Dr. Pocock'i Theological Works, a very learned and eminent Per- 
fcn, -whom I confulted about the Life,- proposed to me, to re-publifh his Commentaries, and Pdffti 
Mofis, tvbich were become exceeding fcarce, and confequently very dear ; and as that Gentleman's 
Advice, with me, has always had the Force of a Command, I readily complied with it j and 
having obtained the Confent of Mr, Pocock, the Proprietor of the fever al Copies^ /, -Without Ldfi 
of Time, fet about it. 

MT Propofals for printing the Work, through the Affijlance of my Friends in London, the f'sta 
Univerfitiesy and elfewhere, in a competent Time, brought in Suhfcriptions enough to encourage the 
putting it to the Prefs. But Ifhould be chargeable with Ingratitude, if I did not, in an efpecidl 
Manner, own the high Obligations I have to the Right Honourable the Lord Bruce, to whofe pow- 
erful Sollicitations, I owe the greateji Part of my illujlrious Subfcribers ; nor muji I negleit this 
Opportu7iity of acknowledging the many other Honours and Courtejies, which that noble Lord has 
for fever al Tears heaped upon me. 

MT next Concern was to get a proper Perfon to correal the Prefs. The Dijiance of my tiaii- 
iation at that Time from it, and in feme Refpecis, my own Infufficietlcy, gave me no fmall Un- 
eafinefs. But here I was happily, and I may fay providentially, relieved by the uncommon Gene- 
roftty of the very Learned and Reverend Mr. Hunt, Chaplain to the Right Honourable the Earl 
of Macclesfield, and now a worthy Succeffor to our Profeffor in the Arabick Chair at Oxford. 
This Gentleman, then unknown to me, hearing of my Difirefs, out of his great Humanity, juft 
Regard to the Memory of our Author, and Zeal for promoting facred Knowledge, volanfafity of- 
fered his gratuitous Help, which he hath, with unwearied Patience and Chearfulnefs, afforded us 
throughout the Impreffion. And if this Edition ft: all appear incomparably more correli than the 
former, as I doubt not but it will, the World knows to whom it is principally indebted for that 
Advantage. 

THE Reader is further to know, that the Arabick Types were kindly fupplied by The Society 
for Promoting Chriftian Knowledge, through an Application made to them, by the Reverend and 
Learned Mr. Arthur Bedford, of Hoxton. 

MR. Hunt had not proceeded far in corre5iing the Prefs, before he found the Errors in the for- 
mer Edition of the Commentaries, efpecially in the Notes, and Marks of Reference, fo very nume- 
rous, as greatly retarded the Work. Of this he jujlly made his Complaints to me, and finding upon 
Enquiry, that moft of the original Copy of the Commentaries had been preferved in the Author's 
own Hand-writing, it was the eafier to correal them, though collating fo large a Work, was no 
fmall Expence of Time and Pains to me. Some Parts, however, of Micah were miffing in the 
Original, to which Accident it muft be imputed, that one or two of the Notes and References 
in that Commentary, are lefs correal than the reft. Of this, however, I am confident, that by 
the Help of the original Papers, I corrected more than a thoufand Errors, chiefly in the Notes j 
and Mr. Hunt afjures me, that he amended more than twice that Number in the Text. We can- 
not fay from what the Incorretlnefs of the former Edition proceeded, but moji probably it was owing 
to the Negligence of the Perfon, whom Dr. Pocock trujled with corre^ing after the Prefs. Thus 
the Work proceeded with all the Expedition which the Nature cf it would admit of, and had been 
publijhed much fooner, if I could have been more forward with the Life of the Author ; which I 
moft certainly had been, but for my unforefeen Removal to Town, and the Engagements I came 
under in confequence of that Change. Not expelling any extraordinary Interruption, I referved the 
Life to the laft, in Hopes that Time would bring in more Materials, which has protracted the De- 
livery of the Books, and for which I heartily beg Pardon of the Publick. All lean fay for myfelf 
is, that the Delay has not been affe£led, and that I have fpared no Pains toperfeSl the Edition, as 
far as it was in my Power. The compiling of a new general Index, was a Tafk equally laborious and 
illiberal ; and the accommodating that, and the other Indexes, to the Difference of Pages in the 
new Impreffion, was both tedious and unpleafant ; but all that Ifhall efteem as nothing, if the 
World will but accept my good Intentions, and forgive all Failings. 

I IT 



IV 



The PREFACE. 



IT may feemjirange tojome^ that the H^orks of fo learned and famous a Writer as Dr. Pocock, 
at leaft his Theological oneSy were never jointly printed before ; but fttcb may pleafe to know^ that 
Sebaftian Petzoldus, Librarian extraordinary to the Eleilcr of Brandenburg, in the Tear 1 700, 
was preparing an Edition of all Dr. Pocock'j ff^orks in Folioy at Amfterdam, of which Notice 
VMS given in the Works of the Learned, for the Month of February, that Tear; but of this De- 
fign, and of the Caufes of its Mifcarriage^ I can fay no more. All that has been aSfually done, itt 
wbole^ or in part, towards a Republication of our Author's fVorksy is, that afecmd Edition of 
his Commentaries on Micah and Malachi, was printed at the Theatre in Oxford, the Tear after 
bis Death ; and in the Tear 1695, was printed at Leipfic, a Latin Tranflation of his Commen- 
tary upon Joel, to which, be/ides what belongs to that Commentary, is prefixed, the Preface to 
Micah. 

/ HAVE new nothing more to add, but my humble Thanks to thofe worthy Friends of mine, wh» 
affifted in procuring Subfcriptions to this fVbrk. They are too numerous to he particularly men- 
tioned, and too deferving utterly to be faffed over in Silence. 



A Catalogue of the WORKS publlfh'd by Dr. EDWARD POCOCK^ 

THE fecond Epiftle of St. Peter, the fecond and third of St. John, and that of St. Jude, 

in Syriack and Greek, with a Latin Tranflation, and Notes ■ . 1 630 

Specimen Hiftoriae Arabum . . 1 649 

Porta Mofis, cum Notis Mifcellaneis ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 1655 

Annales Eutychii cum Verfione I^tina 1 —^ — 1658 

Grotius de Veritate Chriftianae Religionis cum Verfione Arabica • • ■ 1669 

Carmen Tograi, cum Verfione Latina & Notis -■ ■ - i66i 

Gregorii Abul-Pharaji Hiftoria Dynaftiarum cum Verfione Latina ■ . . 1 66;^ 

Catechifmus Ecdefiae Anglicanae, Lingua Arabica « . 1671 

Partes praecipuae Liturgiae Elcclefiae Anglicanae Lingua Arabica ■ 1 674 

A Commentary on the Prophet Micah ■ ■' ■ ' ■■ ■ ^677 

A Commentary on Malachi ■ 1677 

A Commentary on Hofea ■ . . 1685 

A Commentary on Jw"/ 1691, 

The Reader is defired to corre<5t the following Miftake, in the fecond Note, at the Bottom 
of Page 46 of the Life, Line 7. 

For He recovered his Fellowpip, and Prebend of Weftminfter, read, He reccrvered bis Fel- 
hyafiiipy and was made Prebendary of Weftminfter. 



L I S T 



OF THE 



SUBSCRIBERS NAMES. 



THE Right Honourable the Earl of A- 
bingdon 
The Right Reverend Dr. Tanner, late 
Lord Bifliop of St. Afaph 
The Right Rev. Dr. Maddox, the prefent Lord Bi- 
fliop of St. Afaph 
Anthony Allen, Efq; Mafter in Chancery 
The Rev. Fjfield Allen, D. D. Archdeacon of St. 

Albam 
Mr. Allen of Bath 

All Souls College, Oxford, for the Library 
William Archer, Efq; of St. Anne's, Wejiminjler 
The Rev. Mr. Ajhcrcft, Redor of Mappenhall, Bed- 
ford/hire 
The Rev. Francis AJlry, D. D. Reflor of St. 

"James's, Garlick-Hythe, London 
The Rev. Dr. Atwell, late Redor of Exeter Col- 
lege, Oxford 
Mr, Atkinfon, of Lincoln's-Inn 

B. 

TJIS Grace John, Duke of Bedford 
II His Grace the Duke of Bucclugh 
Thekight Hon. the Countefs Dowager of Burlington 
The Right Hon. the Earl of Burlington 
The Right Hon. the Lord Bruce, 3 Sets 
The Right Hon. the Lord Bathurji 
The Right Rev. the Lord Bifhop of Brijlol 
The Right Hon. the late Lord Bulklcy 
Sir Walter Wagjlaff Bagot, Baronet 
Baliol College, Oxford, for the Library 
'hhn Ballard, D.D. Reftor of Steeple- Langford, Wilts 
The Rev. Dr. Bannier, Leflurer at Grays-Inn 
Mr. Barlow, Fellow Commoner of Emmanuel Col- 
lege, Cambridge 
The Rev. Dr. Bateman, Archdeacon of Lewes, and 
Chaplain to his Grace the Lord Archbiihop of 
Canterbury 
The Rev. Mr. Batty, late Le£lurer of St. Dunjlan's 

in the Weft 
The Rev. Mr. Beardmere, Prebendary of Southwell, 

Kottinghamjhirj 
The -Rev. Mr, Beardmore, Vicar of Watford, Hert- 
ford/hire 
The Rev. Mr. Beare, Rector of Shermanbury, Sujfex 
The Rev. Mr. Beaty, Fellow of Magdalen College, 
Cambi'idge 



The Rev. Mr. Bedford, Reaor ofTelden, Bedford/hire 
The Rev. William Berryman, D. D. Fellow of Ea- 
ton College 
Peregrine Bertie, Efq; of LffW-Layim, Ejfex 
The Rev. Henry Bigg, D, D, Warden of Winche- 

Jier College 
The Rev. Thomas Bijhop, D. D. of Ipfwich 
The Hon. the Lady Blount, of Twickenham 
The Rev. Dr. Booth, Devi of Windfor 
The Rev. Edward Bofworth, M, A, Reflor of AV, 

Norfolk 
The Rev. Mr. Bradley, Canon-Refidentiary of Terk 
The Rev. Mr. Bratlnvaite, lately Fellow of ^ueen't 

College, Oxford 
Brazen Nofe College, Oxford, for the Library 
Samuel Brearey, D. D. late Prebendary of York 
The Rev. Mr. Bree, Redor of Tendering, EJfex 
The Rev. Mr, Bridges, Redlor of Gotharri, dotting' 

hamjhire 
The Rev. Mr. Brigham, Fellow of Emmanuel Col- 
lege, Cambridge 
William Brome, Efq; of Ewithingtm, near Hertford 
The Rev. William Brome, L. L. D. Reftor of Pul- 

ham, Norfolk 
The Rev. Mr. Bromley, Re£lor of Wickham, Hants 
The Rev. Mr. Leigh Brook, Fellow of Brazen Nofe 

College, Oxford 
The Rev. Mr. Brotherton, lately Fellow of y^l Souls 

College, Oxford 
The Rev. Mr. Brown, of Richmond 
The Rev. Mr. Brnun, of Trinity College, Oxford 
The Rev. and Hon. Mr. Bruce, Recftor of Eyeham, 

Derby/hire 
The Rev. Mr. Bryan, RetSor of Frampton-Cotterel, 

Glouceflerjhire 
Richard Bundy, D. D, late Prebendary of Wejl- 

minjler 
The Rev, Dr. Burton, Head Mafter of the College 

School at Wtnchejier 
The Rev. Mr. Burton, Fellow of Eaton College 
The Rev. Mr. Burton, Fellow of Pembroke Hall, 

Cambridge 
Dr. Butler, Prefident of Magdalen College, Oxford 

c. 

TJIS Grace the Moft Rev. the Archbifhop of 
I I Canterbury 

ThcRight Rev. the Lord Biftiop of Carlife 
The Right Hon. the Lord Craven 
The Right Hon. the Lady Chetwynd 

b The 



A LIST of the Subscribers NAMES. 



The Rev. Mr. Cadman 

Caius College, Cambridge, for the Library 

Mr. Samutl Chandler, of London 

The Rev. Mr. Chapman, Rcftor of Stratfield Sea, 
Hants 

Jlured Clarke, D. D. Prebendary of Jf^eftminjler 

The Rev. Mr. Church, of St. y/«K's, IVeJlminJlcr 

Dr. George Clarke 

The Hon. Sir RiAart Clifton, Knight of the B»th 

The Rev. Dr. CoJdU, Reflor of Ailon, ^od Pre- 
bendary of St. Ptul's 

The Rev. Dr. Cotkman, Mafter of Univerftty Col- 
lege, Oxford 

The Rev. Mr. Coker, Canon-Refidentiary of Sarum 

The Rev. Mr. Cole, Reflor of Radjlock, Somerfetjhire 

The Rev. BarweU Collins, M. A. Reflor of Car- 
dington, Bedfordjhire 

The Rev. Dr. Ceneybeare, Dean of Chrijl-Chureh, 
Oxford 

The Rev. Mi. Coningsby, W'lai of Bodenham, Here- 
ford/hire 

CorpHt Christ Coljpge, Oxford, for the Library 

'Jimn Cotes, ^fq; 

The Rev. Dr. Cotteret, Dean of Raphoe, in Ireland 

Sir T'^" Hind Cotton, Baronet 

Sir tVilliam Courtney, Baronet 

The Rev, Dr. Coxhead, Warden of New College, 
Oxford . 

The Rev. Mr. Cox, FtHow of BaM College, Ox- 
ford 

The Rev. Dr. Crefwick, Dean of Wells 

The Rev. Mr. Crifts, of /ir/taw 

The Rev. Mr. Crook, Reftor of Poxly, Wilts 

The Rev. Mr. Culme, of Dorfetfiine 

D. 

"fTIS Grace the Duke of Devonjhlft 

f~i His Grace the Duke oi Dorjet 

Theltight Rev. the Lord Bifhop of St. David's 

The Right Hon. the Lord Digly 

The Rev. Mr. Daltuny KcStor of Cucklington, Str 

merfet/hire 
The Rev. Mr. Davis, ReSor of Caflle AJhhy, 

tJorthamptonJhire 
Mrs. Catherine Decker, of Richmond 
Tb? Rev. Dr. Delany, of Dublin, 13 Sfts 
Mr. Derham, FeHow of St. fohtii College, Oxford 
Thq Hon. Dr. Digby, Fellow of Att Souls, Okford 
Tlje Rev. Sir Jibv Dolben, Baronet, Prebendary of 

Durham 
The Rev, Mf. Dudh'' Archdeacon of Bedford 
The Rev. Dr. Z)i<«, Prebendsy-y of Canterbury 

E- 

np HE Right Rev. the Lord Bifliop of Ely 
I The Rev. Mr. Eaton, Fellow of Brazen Noft 
College, Oxford 

Sir Robert Eden, Baronet 

The Rev, Dr. Eden, Prebendary of Durham 

The Rev, Sloane Ellefmere, D. D, Redor of Chelfea 

Sir Richard Ellis, Baronet 

Emanuel College, Cambridge, for the Library 

^xeter Collie, Oxford, for the Library 

John Eyres, Efq; of Putney 

Dr. Samuel Eyre, Reftor of Brottghtony Hants 



The Rev. Mr. FouJkes, Prefident of Magdalen Col- 
lege, Cambridge 

The Rev. Mr. Fowles, Reclor of Alt Cannings, 
Wits 

The Rev, Dr, Friend, Canon of Chri^ Church, 
Oxford 

The Rev. Mr. Fuller, Vicar-Choral, at Tork 

The Rev. Mr. Fuller, Vicar of Fartftingham, in Kent 



BR IAN Fairfax, Efq; 
The Rev, Dr. Fanjhaiv, Profeflbr of Greek, 
in the Univerfity of Oxford 
The Rev. Mr, Field, Vicar of Mardan, Ifilts 
The Rev, Mr. Fojler, of York 
The Rev. Mr. Fothergil, Fellow of keen's Cpikge, 
Oxford 



TTIS Grace the Duke of Grafm 
I J_ The Right Rev. the Lord Bifhop olGlouce/ler 
The Right Hon. the Lord Gower 
The Right Hon. the Lord Gowran 
The Rev. Dr. George, Canon of Windfor 
Edward Gibbon, Efq; of Putney 
The Rev. Mr. Giford, Redor of Ruffel, Wilts 
The Rev. Mr. Goddard, Reflor of Tedworth, Will 
The Rev. Mr. Godwyn, Fellow of Baliol College, 

Oxford 
The Rev. Dr. Green, Reaor of St. George the 

Martyr's 
The Rev, Mr. Greenway, Reflor of Kympton, Wits 
The Rev. Mr. Gregory, Prebendary of Southwel 
George Grey, Efq; of Newcajile upon Tyne 
The Rev. Zachary Grey, L. L. D, Redtor of Hough- 
ton Conquejl, Bedfordjhire 
The Hon, Dodington Grevile, Efq; 
The Rev. Mr. Grover, Fellow of Trinity College, 

Cambridge 
Mr. Wandsford Gyll, of Furnivals Inn 

H, 

THE Right Hon. the Lord Harrington 
The Rev. Mr. Hargraves, Mafter of Trent- 
ham School, Stafford/hire 

The Rev. Dr. Harris, Fellow of Eeitm College 

The Rev, Mr. Harte, Vice Principal of St, Mary 
Hall, Oxford, 3 Sets 

The Rev. Dr, Hay, Reflor of St. Steven's, Cd*- 
man Street 

Charles Hayne, Efq; of Dartrmuth, Devon 

The Rev. Mr. Archdeacon Hayter 

The Rev. Mr. Hay ton. Vicar of Long Benton, Nor- 
thumberland 

The Rev. Mr. Hayward, Reflor of Hamy Wilts 

The Rev. Mr, Healy, Prebendary of Wells 

Anthony Henley, Efq; 

?ames Herbert, Efq; of Kngjley, Oxfordjhire 
he Rev. Mr. Herbert, Redor of IGn^s Sutton, 
Oxfordjhire ^ 

Thomas Hindmarjh, Efq; of Newcaflle upon Tyne 

The Rev. Dr. Hodges, Provoft of Oriel Collegr^ 
Oxford 

The Rev, Dr, Holdfworth, Redor of Chalfont St 
Peter's, Buckingham/hire 

Arthur Hddfworth, Efq; of Dartmouth, Devon 

The Rev. Henry Holdfworth, A. M, of TownJIoH, 
Dartmouth 

The Rev. Dr. Holmes, Prefident of St. John's Col- 
lege, Oxford 

The Rev. Mr. Hodjon, Redlor of Bainton, Torkjhir* 

The Rev, Mr, Habbard, Prefident of Katherine 
Hall, Cambridge 

The Rev. Dr. Huddesford, Prefident of Trinity Col- 
lege, Oxford 

The Rev. Dr. Hutchinfon, of Hammerfmith 

WILLIAM James, Efq; of Denford, Berks 
Charles Jennens, Efq; of Queen's Squari, 
London 
Jefui College, Cambridge, for the Library 

2 The 



A LIST of the SuBScniBERs NAMES. 



The Rev. and Hon. Mr. Ingram^ Prebendary 6f 

St. John's College, Oxford, for the Library 

The Rev. Thomas Johnfon, M. A. Fellow of Mag- 
dalen College, Cambridge 

The Rev. Mr. Johnfon, fecond Matter of Wejlmin- 
Jier School 

The Rev. Dr. IJJjam, Reclor of Lincoln College, 
Oxford 

The Rev. Mr. Itchenor, L. L. B. of Marlborough., 

min 

Mr. George fubb^ Student of Chrijl Chunh, Oxford 



iSH 



K. 

XHE Rev. Mr. Kemble, Re£l©r of Burton 
the Hilt, Gloucejlerjhire 
im Kent, Efq; 
King's College, Cambridge, for the Librafy 
The Rev. James Knight, D. D. late VicSr of St. 

Sepulchre s, London 
The Rev. Samuel Knight, D. D. ArchdeaCon of Berks 
The Rev. Mr. Knight, Subchantor of York 
The Rev. Arthur Kjnnefman, M. A. Mafter of th6 
School at Bury St. Edmond'% 



▼ YIS Grace the Duke oi Leeds 
11 The Right Rev. the Lord BHhop of London 
TheRight Rev. the Lord Bifliop of Litchfield 
The Right Rev. the late Lord Bifhop of Landaff 
The Rev. Mr. Lamb, Reftor of Ridle'^, in Kent 
The Rev. Mr. Lamplugh, Canon Refidentiary of York 
The Rev. Mr. Landy Fellow of Buliol College, Ox- 
ford 
Bennet Langton, Efq; 
The Rev. TVilliam Laws, M. A. 
The Rev. Edmmd Law, M. A. Fellow of Chri/Ti 

College, Cambridge 
The Rev. Dr. Lavington, Canon Refidentiary of St. 

Paiifs^ London 
Mr. John Layfield 

The Rev. Mr. Leaves, of Eivs Elm, Oxford/hire 
The Rev. Mr. LeSrooh, Redor of Jfiton, Leicejier- 

Jhirt 
The Rev. Theophilus Leigh, D. D. Matter of BaUol 

College, and Vjce-chancellor of the Univcrfity of 
• Oxford 

Tfilliam Leigh, Efq; of Alderjlhofp, GMceJlerJhire 
The Rev. Mr. Levit, Redor of BlithifiM, Stafford- 

jhire 
William Levinz, Jan. £fq; of Nottingham/hire 
Lincoln College, Oxford, for the Library - 
Sir Robert Lmg, Baronet 
Charles Longuevile, Efq; 
Mrs. Leive, of Southwell, Nmtinghamflylre 
The Rev. Mr. Lumby, Re£tor of St. Martin's^ in 

New Sarum 
The Rev. Mr. Lydal, Re^or of Stanlaie, Btrh 
The Rev. Dr. Lynch, Dean of Canterbury 
The Rev. Thomas Lypyat, M. A. Fellow of St. John's 

College, Cambridge 

M. 

THE Right Hon. the Lord Middletm 
The Rev. Mr. Maddock, Prebendary of Sarum 
Magdalen College, Oxford, for the Library 
Magdalen College, Cambridge, for the Library 
The Rev. Thomas Malbon, A. M. Mafter of Congle- 

ton School, Chejhire 
The Rev. Dr. Martin, Canon of IFtndfor 
Thomai Maflers, Efq; 
The Rev. Dr. Mather, Prefident of Corpus Chrijli 

College, Oxford 
Dr. Mead 



Dr. Metcalf, of ^een'% College, Oxford, 2 Sett ••■■ '^ 
John Milts, Efq; of £«//»/ College, Oxford 
The Rev. Mr. Mills, of Croydon HT 

The Rev. Mr. Milner, Redor of Barton, Mltfing- 

harnjhire 
The Rev. Mr. Jeremiah Mills, of the Kingdorti of 

Irelarid 
The Rev. Mr. Murray 

N. 

HIS Grace the Duke of Newcaftle jl^ 

The Right Hon. the Earl of Northampton ' 
iight Rev. the Lord Bifliop of Norwich ■' '' 
The Rev. Mr. Najh, Subdean of Sarum ■ ' f 

The Rev. Dr. Naylor, late Dean of Winchejler ■' ■ 
The Rev. Mr. Cavendijh Nevile 'T 

John Newcomb, Efq; of the City of Exeter 
Thfc Rev. Mr. Richard Newcomi, Re(Sor of Ill^ehf 

Cornwal 
The Rev. Dr. Nichols, Vicar of Crifplegate 
Tlie Rev. Dr. Nitholl^ Head Mafter of WtJlmihJlir 
School 

O. 

THE Right Hon. the Earl of Oxfm-d 
The Right Rev. the Lord Bifliop of Oxford 
The Rev. Mr. Osborne, Vicar of Batterfea 
The Rev. Mr. Ovetend, Rector of Bridgiford, Net- 
iingham/hire 

P. 

THE Right Rev. the Lord Biftop of Peter- 
borough 
The Rev. Dr. PeirittHg^ late Mafter of Perribfoke 

College, Oxford 
The Rev. Dr. Petrdo, Prineipafl' of 'fefus College, 

Oxford 
The Rev. Mr. Parr, Feltow of Brettin-Ndfe Col- 
lege, Oxford 
The Rev. Dr. Pearce, Dean of Winchefler 
The Rev. Matthew Pearfin, D. D. ReSor of 5^/- 

dem, Oxfordjhire 
The Hon. Henry Pelharti, Efq'; 
The Rev. Dr. Peltifig, Reftor of St. AnheU, ffyi- 

minjier, and Canon o^Windfor 
Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, for the Library '' 
The Rev. Mr. Perkins, of Cambridge 
Mr. Philenius, Profeflbr of the Oriental Languages 

at Abo, in Sweden 
Sir John Philips, Baronit 

The Rev. Dr. Pocock, of Ireland — 

Mr. William Pocock, of Market Drayiott, ShropffAre. 
Edtaard Pdphdifi, of Uttlecotte, Wilts, Efq; 2 Sets 
The Rev. Mr. Prejim^ Fellow of New College, 

Oxfn-d 



Q 



4 

VEEN'S College, Oxford, for the Library 



R. 



THE Right Rev. the Lord Bifliop of Rochejler 
Dr. Rawlinfon, of London Houfe 
The Rev. Mr. Reading, Redor of Wejl Grimjieady 

Wilts 
The Rev. Mr. Rhodes, Vicar of Battley, Torkjhire 
The Rev. IVilliam Richardfon, D. D. Mafter of £m- 

manuel College, Cambridge 
The Rev. Mr. %/^>, B. D. Fellow of St. John's 

College, Cambridge 
The Rev. Mr. Rogers, Redtor of Hedington, Wilts 

Henry 



A LIST of the Subscribers NAMES. 



^tnry RtUe, Efq; of Devtnjhirt 

The Rev. Mr. Rathtrjy Le^urcr of Chetfea 

The Rev. Mr. Rawmyy Rcdter of Spilibury, Ox/orJ- 

Jb'tri 
The Rev. Mr. Rjnufe, fcnior Fellow of St. John'i 

College, Cambridgt 
The Rev. Mr. Ruftl^ Vicar of Calnty IfUti 



rrSHE Rieht Hon. the Earl of Shaft sbury 

I The Right Hon. the Lord Not! Sonurfit 
Tnc Right Rev. the Lord Bifliop of Sarum 
The Right Hon. the Lord Si, John de BUtJbt 
Dr. SadUr^ of IVriughmy miu 
The Rev. Mr. Sagtr^ Canon-Refidentiary of Sarum 
The Rev. Dr. Sainlloe, Reaor of Pulbam, Darfet- 

Jhire 
The Rev. Mr. S«//, Reaor of Hlldtrjham^ Cam- 

hrxdgejhirt 
Sir Jertmy Fanaker Samireie, Baronet 
The Rev. Mr. Sand/ordy Fellow of Ballol College, 

Oxford 
The Rev. fTiUiam Savage, D. D. late Maftcr of 

Emmanuel College, Cambridge 
The Rev. yehn Savage, D. D. 
John Seale, Efq; of Dartmmnh, Devon 
Mr. Benjamin Seward, Fellow Commoner of St. 

John's College, Cambridge 
£,dward Seymour, Efq; of If^ltjhire 
The Rev. Thomas Sharp, D. D, Archdeacon of Nor- 
thumberland 
The Rev. Mr. Sherlock, Reaor of St. George's, Bo- 

tolph-Laru, London 
The Rev. Rowland Simfon, B. D. late Fellow of St. 

John's College, Cambridge 
The Rev. Dr. Smith, Provoft of ^een's College, 

Oxford 
The Rev; Mr. Smith, RoSlor of Lidyard Tregne, 

mits 
The Rev. Mr. Smith, Reftor of Penton, Hants 
The Rev. Dr. Standfaji, ReSor of Clifton, Notting- 

hamjhirt 
The Rev. Henry Stebbing, D. D. Archdeacon of 

Wilts 
The Rev. Mr. Archdeacon Stephens 

?ohn Stone, Efq; of Badbury, JVilts 
he Right Hon. Sir Rabert Sutton, Knight of the 
Bath 



TH E Right Hon. the Lord Trevor 
The Rev. Dr. Tenifon, Chancellor of the Dio- 
cefe of Oxford 
The Rev. John Thomas, D. D. of St. Anne's, Wejl- 

mnjler 
The Rev. Mr. Thomas, Fellow of JVincheJler Col- 
lege 
The Hon. Sir JVilliam Thompfon, Knight, late Baron 
of the Exchequer 







The Rev. Dr. Rabert Thomlinfon, Reflor of jyhici- 

ham, in the County of Durham 
The Rev, Mr. Thombury, Vicar of Thame, Oxford- 

fl>ire 
The Rev. and Hon. Dr. Trevor, Canon of Chrijl- 

Chitreh 
Trinity Hall, Camb/idge, for the Library 
Trinity College, Cambridge, for the Library 
Mr. TwiUl, of Southwell, Nottingham/hire 
Mr. Tw/tis, of Newark, Nottinghamfljire 
The Rev. Mr. Turner, of Cokhejler 
The Rev. Dr. Tyrwhit, Archdeacon of London 

W. 

THE Right Hon. the Earl of Winchelfea 
The Right Rev. the Lord Bifhop of l^m- 
chejier 
The late Warden of Wadham College, Oxford 

Edmund Waller, M. D. fenior Fellow of St. Johri% 

College, Cambridge 
The Rev. Mr. John Warcop, late of St. John's Col- 
lege, Cambridge 

The Rev. William Warren, L. L. D. Prefident 
of Trinity Hall, Cambridge 

The Rev. Mr. Water houfe, Reftor of Langley, in 
Kent 

The Rev. Daniel Waterland, D. D. Mafter of Mag- 
dalen College, Cambridge 

The Rev. Mr. Watfon, of Ampthil, Bedfordjhire 

The Rev. Dr. Whalley, Mafter of Peterhottfe, Cam- 
bridge 

The Rev. Mr. White, Redor of Wollaton, Notting- 
hamjhire 

The Rev. Mr. Jf^ittuick, of Tedhury, Gloucejierjhire 

The Rev. Dr. Williams, Prefident of St. Johris 
College, Cambridge 

The Rev. Mr. Williams, Redor of Ajhbury, Chejhirt 

The Rev. Dr. Wtlloughby, Rcftor of Sanderton, Ox- 
ford/hire 

The Rev. Mr. Wtlkinfon, late Fellow of Emmanuel 
College, Cambridge 

The Rev. Mr. Wtlfon, Prebendary of Southwell^ 
Nottinghamfljire 

The Rev. Mr. Wilfon, Redor of Wejirtnjian, Dor- 
fetflAre 

The Church of IVindfor, for the Library 

The Rev. Mr. Wood, Reftor of St. MichaeFs Royal, 
London 

The Rev. Mr. John Woods, Reflor of Wtlford, Not- 
tingham/hire 

The Rev. Mr. Wyllys, Reflor of Weeden, Northan^ 
ton/hire 

y. 

THE Rev. Mr. Yaldwin, Reftor of Garfdon, 
Wilts 
The Rev. Mr. Tarborough, Redlor of Ayme, Nor- 
thampton/hire 
The Rcy, Mr. Tmnger, prebendary of Sarum 



.Jl 



M 



.0 > 



THE 



j>: 



THE 



LIFE 



Of the Reverend and Moft Learned 



Dr. EDWARD POCOCK. 



SECTION I. 



.-.if O) ,f!C ;!Vl /v 



DR. Pocock was born on the eighth Day of November, in the Year of our Lord 
1604. He was the Son of Mr. Edward Pocock, Bachebr of Divinity, fome 
Time Fellow of St. Mary Magdalen-College in Oxford, but then Vicar of Chievely 
in Berks. It happened, that the Place of his Birth, was that, wherein he was to 
fpend the greateft Part of his Life. For his Father having been lately prefehted, 
to the Vicarage before mentioned, could not yet order his Affairs to ftttle upon it, but was 
forced, it feenis, for fome Time, to leave his Family in Oxford ; and there, "within the Parifh 
of St. Peter's in the Weft, this his eldeft Son Edward was born. 

H I s Infancy difcovered fuch promifing Parts, as eafily drew his Parents to dedicate him- 
to Religion and Learning : And for that Purpofe he was early fent to the Free-School at Tame, 
in Oxford/hire. The School- mafter there, to whofe Care he was committed, was -Mr. Richard 
Butcher, Bachelor of Law, a Man of great Accuracy in Grammatical Learning, whofe Skill; 
and Induftry the Docftor, even in his old Age, would often very gratefully remember. The^ 
Diligence of that worthy Perfon, meeting with an extraordinary (Opacity in this his Scholar, ■ 
was; blefled with a more than common Succefs : For he was no fooner come to the Age of' 
fourteen Years, but he was thought fit for the Univer/tty ; and accordingly, being brought to 
Oxford, he was entered in Magdalen-Hall : And after two Years Stay in that Place, his Merits 
recommended him, upon a ftrid Examination, to a Scholar's Place in Corpus-Chrijii College, to 
which he was admitted, Dec. 11, 1620. 

By all our Enquiries we cannot learn who was his Tutor in the Hall, but are affured, by 
a late Writer', that Mr. Gamaliel Chafe, Bachelor of Divinity, and Fellow of Corpus-Chrifti, 
was his Tutor in that College. Of whom the fame Author 1= gives this Charafter. * He was 
« a Man of great Piety, and of deep and found Learning ; infomuch that he was juftly inti- 
« tied to the Charafter of a great Man.' Afterwards, as we learn from the fame Hand, he 
became Reftor of JVambrook in Dorfetfhire, and Vicar of Warcomb in Devon, both which he 
loft, in the Grand Rebellion, for his Adherence to the King and the Church. At the fame 
Time, his temporal Eftate of 100/. per Annum, was fequeftered, his Wife and feven Children 
expofed to the greateft Neceffities, and his Goods, not excepting his Books and Papers, en- 
tirely carried away, and himfelf imprifoned. He furvived the Reftoration many Years, was 
reftored to both his Preferments, and died not till about the Year 1 680. It is not to be won- 
dered at, if, under fuch Diredtion, Mr. Pocock imbibed thofe Sentiments of Religion and 
Loyalty, which diftinguilhed him in the future Conduft of his Life ; and ftill lefs, that he 
made a very confiderable Progrefs in his Studies. He foon appeared eminent in all thofe Parts 
of Learning, which are commonly taught in Univerjities . To thofe Arts and Sciences, which 
the ordinary Difcipline obliged him to be acquainted with, he added the Knowledge of the 
Beft Writers, both Greek and Roman. For in fome Papers, written by him when very young, 
there are fuch Obfervations out of ^intilian, Cicero, Plutarch, Plato, and other Authors, 
as fpeak a great deal of Skill and Judgment. And there are too, in the fame Papers, the 
Marks of a mighty Induftry: For it being fometimes his Cuftom, to note the Time, when 
he began the Perufal of any Treatife, it thereby appears, that the reading and confidering that 
whole Dialogue de Oratoribus, by fome afcribed to Tacitus, but commonly printed with ^in- 
iilian's Works, was the Bufinefs only of one Day. 

On Nov. 28, 1622. being but very little more than eighteen Years old, he was admitted 
to the Degree of Bachelor of Arts. And, having already made a confiderable Progrefs in the 

B ordinary 

» Dr. Walker, in his Hift. of the Sufferings of the Clergy, pt. I. p. g8. and pt. II. p. 217. ^ Ibid. p. 217. 



2 The L I F E of 

ordinary Paths of Leamlne, he began in a fhort Time to betake himfelf to feme of the more 
retired, and untrodden WaUcs of it ; applying his Mind, with great Diligence, to the Study 
of the Eaflem Languages. For which, he had the Advantage of a fkilful Direftor, in Mat' 
(bias Paftr^ ft Germany the Son of George Pafor^ a learned PVofcfTor at Herbont, the Author 
of the Greek Lexicon to the New Teftawunt. This Matthias Pafor, having been Profeflbr of 
Mathcnaaticks in the Univerfity of Heidelberg, whence ho was driven by the late Troubles 
which befcl the Palatinate, ' came to Oxford, and there being incorporated Maftcr of Arts, as 
he had ftood at Heidelberg ^ for his Maintenance, he not only taught in a private Chamber, 
the Sciences he had profdTed in his own Country j but alfo the Oriental Tongues, reading for 
fome Time an Arabick Ledure twice a Week publickly in the Divinity School, upon the En- 
couragement of a Penfion coUefted from his Auditors. Dr. Pocock would, upon all Occa- 
sions, exprcfs a great Regard to the Memory of this Perfon, whom he was wont frequently 
to commend, as for a very learned, fo likewife for a very honeft and good Man. He was 
Scholar to him for Languages, at the fame Time that the late ' Lord Radnor was for Ma- 
thematicks. 

The Statutes of the College requiring fome Delay, he did not take the Degree of Mafter 
of Arts till March 28, 1626. And foon after that, I fuppofe it was, that being arriv'd at as 
great a Height in Oriental Learning, as Mr. Pafor could lead him to, he applied himfelf for 
farther InftruAion to Mr. fVilliam Bedwell, Vicar of 'Tottenham High-Crofs, near London : 
A Perfon, to whom the Praifc of being the firft who confiderably promoted the Study of the 
Arabick Language in Europe, may perhaps more juftly belong, than to Thomas Erpenius, who 
commonly 'has it. This Mr. Bedwell had made a vaft Progrefs in the Knowledge of that 
Tongue, before Erpenius had any Name in the World for Skill in it. And as the latter fpent 
fome Time in England, about the Year 1606, he was obliged to the former for many Direc- 
tions, which he received from him in that Sort of Learning. Befides feveral Bookfi, which 
Mr. Bedwell publifhed relating to it, he employed himfelf many Years in preparing an Arabick 
Lexicon in three Volumes ; and, was at the Pains of a Voyage into Holland, to perufe the Pa- 
pers of Jofeph Scaliger, who had made a CoUedtion, as he declar'd himfelf \ of twenty thou- 
fand Words in that Language. But being, as * Ifaac Cafaubon complained of him, flow in his 
Proceeding, doubtlefs out of a Defire that the great Work he was engaged in, fhould be as 
perfeft as might be 5 at length, Golius's Undertaking of the fame Kind, who had furniihed 
himfelf to the beft Advantage from the Eaft, made the Publication of it ufelefs. 

Mr. Pocock profited much under the Inftrudtions of this learned Man ; and, the Advances 
he made in feveral uncommon Sorts of Literature, could not but meet with Encouragement 
from that learned Society, whereof he was a Member ; who, as a Proof of their juft Regard 
for him, admitted him Probationer Fellow, July 24, 1628. And now the Statutes of the 
College providing that he fhould fpeedily enter into holy Orders, it was high Time for him 
to add the Study of Theology to his former Acquirements, which were only preparatory for 
it. And this, I cannot doubt but he betook himfelf to, in the Method, which had been, 
fome Years before, recommended to the Univerjity of Oxford, by that learned and judicious 
Prince, King James I. t namely, not by infifling on modern Compendiums and Trafts of Di- 
vinity, but by applying himfelf chiefly to Fathers and Councils, Ecclefiaftical Hiflorians and 
other antient Writers, together with the facred Text, the Word of God. For tho' he per- 
us'd the Books of fome late Writers in Divinity, it was not, I find, to form his Notions in 
Matters of Religion, according to their Conceptions and Opinions, but to take their Direftion 
about feveral Pieces of Antiquity, in order to a general Knowledge of their Nature and Ex- 
cellency, and to diftinguifti the genuine, from fuch as are of doubtful Original, or manifeflly 
fpurious. This, in particular, I learn from fome Papers begun to be written by him, Sept. 7, 
1629, was the Ufe he made of a Treatife of fome Account, then reprinted at Oxford, namely, 
Ger. Veffius's Thefes Theologica^ out of which he collecfled feveral Things of this Nature, and 
of no other. 

But amidfl his Theological Studies, it was impoflible for him t6 lay aflde all Regard for 
thofe Eaftern Languages, to which his Mind was fo addifted, and on which he had beflowed 
fb much Time and Pains. He therefore, about this Time, purfued a Defign, wherein both 
were join'd together, and that was, the fitting for the Prefs thofe Parts of the Syriack Verfton of 
the New Teftament, which had never yet been publilhed. Ignatius, the Jacobite Patriarch of 
Afitioch, had, in the laft Age, fent Mofes Meridinaus, a Prieft of Mefopotamia, into the 
"Weft, to get that Verfion pnnted, in order to the carrying back a fufficient Number of Co- 
pies, for the Ufe of his Churches. And this Work, by the Care and Diligence of Albertus 
IVidinanjIadius, was very well performed at Vienna, A. D. 1555. But the Syriack New Tef- 
tament, thus brought out of the Eaft, and followed in that ImprefTion, wanted the fecond E- 
piflle of St. Peter, the fecond and third Epifiles of St. John, the EpiflU of St. Jude, and the 

^ whole 

' P. Freheri Theatrtim Virorum <niditione cUrofum, p. 1 546. <" Mr. Wood's Athen. Oxon. Vol. I. p. 440. 

• This noble Perfon was Son and Heir to Richard Robarts, the iirft Lord Robarts of Truro, fo created, Jan. 16, at 
Jac. I . to whom he fucceeded, and was afterwards created Vifcount Bodmyn and Earl of Radnor, July 23, 23 Car. 2. 
f Epift. ad Steph. Ubertum, inter Jofephi Scaligeri Opufcula, p. 458. « If. Cafaboni Epiftoke, Nu. 575. ' Vid. 
Hiftoriam & Antiquitatet Univerf. Oxon. A. D. 1616 li A. D. 1622. 



I 



Dr. E D W A R D P C O C K. ^ 

'Sihole Seek of the Revelation : Becaufe, as a learned Man ' conjetftures, thofe Parts of Holy 
Scripture, tho' extant amongft them, were not yet received into the Canon, by thofe Oriental 
Churches. This Defed: no Body took Care to fupply, till that very learned Perfon, Ludovicus 
de Dieu, on the Encouragement and with the Afliftance of Daniel Heinftus, fet about the 
Revelation ; being furnifhed with a Copy of it, which had been given with many other Ma- 
Mufcripts, to the Univerfity of Leyden, by the famous Jofeph Scaliger. That Verfion of the 
Apocalypjt was printed at Leyden, in the Year 1627. but ftill the/<?«r Epijlles were wanting, 
and thofe Mr. Pocock undertakes, being defirous that the whole New Tejiament might at length 
ki publifhed in that Language, which was the Vulgar Tongue of our Blefled Saviour Kimfelf 
afid his holy Apoftles. A very fair Manufcript for this Pufpofe he had met with in that vaft 
Treafure of Learning, the Bodleian Library ; containing thofe Epiftles, together with fome 
6ther Parts of the New Tejiament. Out of this Manufcript, following the Example of 
de Dieu, he tranfcribed thofe Epiftles in the Syriack CharaEleir ; the fame he likewife fet down 
in Hebrew Letters, adding the Points, not according to the Ordraary, but the Syriack Rules, 
as they had been delivered by thofe learned Maronites, Amira and Sionita. He ajfo made 
a new Tranflation of thefe Epiftles, out of Syriack into Latin, comparing it with that of Et- 
zelius, and ftiewing, upon all confiderable Occafions, the Reafon of his Diflent from him. 
Moreover, he added the Original Greek, concluding the Whole with a good Number of 
learned and ufeful Notes. 

This Work was finiftred by him, when he was yet but four and twenty Years old ; and, 
tho' he performed it with the utmoft Care and Exaftnefs, yet fo great was his Modefty and 
Diftruft of himfelf, that he could not be perfuaded to think it fit for Publication, till after it 
had lain by him about a Year, when he fufFered it to be printed upon the following Occafion. 

GEHARD John VoJJius, at this Time a Profeflbr at Leyden, being of great Fame through- 
out the World for his extraordinary Learning, had a particular Refpedt paid him by fome of 
the. Nobility, and many learned Men of the Englijh Nation ". He had publiftied feveral ex- 
<!ellent Books, particularly his Pelagian Hijtory : Wherein, as he had exprefled more Temper 
and Moderation, than fome of his Countrymen, fb he manifefted a juft Efteem for Ecclefiafti- 
oal Antiquity, which no Church in the World had a truer Regard for, than that of England. 
Being on thefe Accounts much valued by his Friends in this Nation, he had fome Time fince 
been earneftly prefled to accept of a Profeflbr's Place, with a very honourable Salary, in the 
Univerfity of Cambridge ; and now, was invited by a Meflage from his Majefty King Charles I. 
to a Prebend in the Church of Canterbury. The firft of thefe Offers he had refufed, as not 
agreeing with his Circumftances, which would not admit of a Remove from his own Coun- 
try : But the latter he readily clofed with, having been aflured that Refidence would not be 
expeded from him. To be inftalled in this Prebend, he comes into England; and there making 
a Vifit fo the Univerfity of Oxford, where he was receiv'd with all the Marks of a very great 
Efteem, he fpent much of his Time, during his Stay, in viewing the Manufcripts, and other 
Rarities of the publick Library. Amongft other Things, he took particular Notice of the 
Syriack Manufcript of the Epiftles, which gave Occafion to Mr. John Roufe, the chief Libra- 
rian, to acquaint him with Mr. Pocock's Performance. Vcjfius, being extremely pleafed with 
what he thus heard, defir'd to fee both the Author and the Work. And, after much Dif- 
Courfe with him, and a diligent Examination of that, he made it his earneft Requeft, that* 
what fo well deferved to fee the Light, ftiould no longer be kept in Darknefs. 

M R . Pocock was overcome by the Perfuafions of a Man, againft whofe Judgment he could 
have no Exception. And being alfo further encouraged by the Promife he made, that it 
fliould, by his Procurement, be carefully printed in Holland, he prefently took Care to add 
a Preface and a Dedication. And the Patron he made Choice of was Voffius himfelf, to whom 
he addrefled this Work in Terms of much Deference and Refpeft. Voffius, upon his Arrival 
stt Leyden, committed the Care of the Edition to the learned Ludovicus de Dieu, who gladly 
received Mr. Pococl^s Papers, and after a diligent Perufal of them, wrote to him, highly 
eommending the Fidelity of his Tranfcript, the Juftnefs of his Verfion, and the Learning of 
his Notes. At the fame Time he propofes feveral Emendations in the Pointing of the Hebrew 
Charafter, and one in that of the Syriack, together with two Alterations in the Latin Verfion, 
sind likewife one additional Note, intending to delay the Impreflion, till he could receive 
Mr. Pocock''^ Anfwer, without whofe Confent, he refolved, as himfelf exprefles it, to interpo- 
late nothing. After that was come to hand, de Dieu put the Epiftles to the Prefs, and when 
«he Edition was finiflied, he wrote a fecond Time to Mr. Pocock ; and congratulates him on 
that Occafion. From this fecond Letter it appears, that the Reply to the firft brought Con- 
fent to moft of the defired Amendments. And accordingly all of them, except three, ftand, 
as propofed, in the printed Work. Befides which, de Dieu had a Commiftion to make what 
further Alterations he ftiould find expedient. In Purfuance of which he proceeded to other 
Emendations with Voffius's Advice, in Number fix, of which he gives an Account in his fe- 
tond Letter, with his Reafons for each of them : They all concerned the Latin Verfion, 
The Edition being thus finiftied, a confiderable Number of Copies were knt, by VoJJius, as 

a 

' Ludovicus de Dieu, Pratfet. in Apocalypf. Syriac. ^ Vide Epiftolam Joanni Meurilo, intef Ger. Voflii Epifto- 
las. Num. 114. 



4 The L I F E of 

a Prefent to the Author at Oxford, together with due Acknowledgments of the Ufefulnefs of 
the Work, and of the AfFeftion and Honour exprefll-d in the Dedication. And, indeed, 
that mod learned Man entertain'd on this Occafion, fuch a Value for Mr. Pocock, that, tho* 
he was thirty Years older, and a Sort of Diiiater in the Common- wealth of Learning, he 
treated him ever after with all the Kindnefs and Familiarity of a Friend. He correfponded 
with him by frequent Letters, fome of which have been jnade^publick i •, he prefented him 
with the Books he publifhed ; and, upon all Occafions, made honourable mention of him to 
the Day of his Death. 

SoM E Time in the Year 1629, Mr. Charles Robfon of keen's College in Oxford, returned 
from being Chaplain to the Englijh Merchants at Alepp, and the Vacancy thereby made, 
Mr. Pocock. was appointed to fill, being now in holy Orders. That of Prieft was conferred on 
him by Richard Corbet I, Bifhop of Oxford, Dec. 20, 1629. By whom alfo he had fome 
Time before been made a Deacpn. We cannot fay, to whom it was Mr. Pocock was indebted 
for his laft mentioned Preferment. BiHiop Laud was in himfelf a moft obferving and munifi- 
cent Patron of Learning, and being then Bifhop of London, had the Diredion of religious 
Affeirs abroad. On both which Accounts he might naturally be fuppos'd to have recom- 
mended him to that Poft, were it not that the firft Letter written by that Prelate to Mr. Po- 
cock zt Aleppo, and dated, 0£l. 30, 163 1, plainly difcovers that they had then no Acquain- 
tance with each otlier : And that the Biftiop having no Intereft of his own in the Chaplain at 
Aleppo, wrote to him in the Strength of Mr. Bedwell's Acquaintance. 

I CANNOT meet with any Account of the Circumftances of his Departure from England, 
nor of his Voyage, till he came to Scanderoon ; where having been long at Sea, he arrived, 
I find, 0(1. 14, 1630, and came three Days after to Aleppo. Being a Man of a meek and 
humble Temper, and naturally in Love with Retirement and Peace, he did not (as many 
Travellers do) carry with him a violent Defire of viewing ftrange Countries. Nay, he was fo 
far from being delighted, either with what he had already (^n, or the Place where he was 
now fettled ; that in a Letter, written about two Months after his Arrival, to Mr. Thomas 
Greaves, a very ftudious young Man, then Scholar of Corpus-Chrifli, he gave but a very me- 
lancholy Account of himfelf. ' My chief Solace, faid he, is the Remembrace of my Friends, 

* and my former Happinefs, when I was among them. Happy you that enjoy thofe Places, 

* where I fo often wilh myielf, as I fee the barbarous People of this Country, I think that 
' he that hath once been out of England, if he get home, will not eafily be perfuaded to 

* leave it again. There is nothing that may make a Man envy a Traveller.' However, be- 
ing abroad, he refolved that his natural 'A verfion for fuch a Kind of Life, fhould not make, 
him negleft the doing any Thing in the Poft he was in, which was either his Duty to 
God, or might anfwer the Expeftation of good and learned Men, 

A B o V E all other Things he carefully applied himfelf to the Bufinefs of his Place, as Chap- 
lain to the Fadory ; performing the folemn Duties of Religion in that decent and orderly 
Manner, which our Church requires. He was diligent in Preaching, exhorting his Country- 
men, in a plain, but very convincing Way, to Piety, Temperance, Juftice and Love, and all 
thofe Chriftian Virtues or Graces, which would both fecure to them the Favour and Proteftion 
of the Almighty, and alfo adorn their Converfation, rendering it comely in the Sio-ht of ai» 
unbelieving Nation. And what he labour'd to perfuade others to, he duly pradifed himfelf- 
propofing to his Hearers, in his own regular and unfpotted Life, a bright Example of the 
Holinefs he recommended. 

As he was feldom or never drawn from the conftant Performance of thefe Duties of his 
Charge, by a Curiofity tempting him to the View of other Places of that Country, fo he 
would not omit what belong'd to his Office, even when attended with a very affxightning Dan- 
ger. For in the Year 1634, as the Plague raged furioufly m Aleppo, and many of the Mer- 
chants fled two Days Journey from it, and dwelt in Tents on the Mountains ; he had that 
holy Confidence in the Providence of God, and that Readinefs to meet his good Pleafure 
whatever it fhould be, that tho' he vifited them that were in the Country, he, for the mofl 
Part, continued to afTift and comfort thofe who had fhut up themfelves in the City, And in- 
deed, the Mercy of God (as he moft thankfully acknowledged, in a Letter fent a little after to 
a Friend in Oxford) was fignally manifefted, at that Time, towards him, and all our Nation 
belonging to that Fadtory, For tho' the Peftilence wafted beyond the Example of former 
Times, not ceafing, as ufually, at the Entrance of the Dog-Days, all the Englifh were pre- 
ferved, as well they that continued in the Town, as they that fled from it. God covered them 
with his Proteiftion, and was their Shield and Buckler againft that terrible Deftrudlion- A 
Thoufandfell at their Side, andpioufands at their Right-hand, and yet it did not come nigh them 

During his Abode at this very melancholy Place (for fo he always confidered it) he di- 
verted himfelf fometimes with philofophical Inquiries into thofe Works of Nature which 
were not to be met with in his own Country. For, I find, in a Letter of his to Mr. Thomas 
Greaves, a fhort Defcription of the Wonders of the Chameleon, and yet in fome Refbeds as 
accurate as that of the Jnatomifts at Paris ■" ; together with a Promife of further Obferva- 

tions, 
' Inter Voffii & Q. Vironun ad VoiSuni Epiftok*. ■" Defcription Anatomiquc d'un Qmeleon &c a Pa 

115, i66g. ^ , , 



Dr. EDWARD P O C O C K. "5 

tions, as he fliould have an Opportunity to make them. He noted the feveral Colours, into 
which he faw that Animal change itfelf ; which were chiefly fuch as are mingled of Gree-a and 
Tellow. All Sorts of GreeTi^ from the darkeft to the lighteft, he obferved it to take ; and 
fometimes with Spots, one while blackijh, another ajh -coloured. And as for that Miftake of 
Pliny " and forhe other of the Ancients, that it neither eats nor drinks, but lives wholly upon 
Air ; he beheld the Confutation of it, as it darted out a long fharp Tongue and caught 
Flies : And, was aflur'd by the Gardeners, that it frequently did Mifchief to fome of their 
Plants. However, tho' this Creature, as well as others, is fupported by Food ; he was con- 
vinced, as he kept it in a Box, that it could live indeed a confiderable Time without any, at 
the leaft, feveral Months. 

Bu T, as well became a Divine and a Chriftian Philofopher, his Inquiries of this Kind were 
chiefly made into thofe Productions of Nature and Art, the Knowledge of which might give 
Light to fome difficult Places of Holy Scripture. He was now in that Part of the World, 
•wherein mofl: of the facred Penmen wrote ; and he could not therefore but conclude, that a 
true Account of feveral Things of it, which they have referr'd to, might explain fome Paf- 
fagcs in thofe holy Writings ; which have not yet, by many Interpreters, been very well under- 
ftood. And, it will not, I fuppofe, be thought tedious, if I fet down two or three Oblerva- 
tions of this Kind, which are to be met with, among others, in his Papers and printed Books. 

There are a Sort of Creatures mentioned in the Old Tefiamcnt, which moft Tranflators 
render by the Name of Dragons, tho' the Property there afcribed to them will not agree to 
the Nature of thofe Animals. For we read in the Books of Naturalifts and Hifl:orians, of no 
other Noife made by Dragons, but only that of Hijfing ; whereas in moft Verfions, at Micah i. 
8. we meet with the Howling or IVailing oi Dragons. This Difficulty the learned Bochartus " en- 
deavoured to folve, from a particular Fancy of fome of the antient Jews, who fuppos'd the 
erefting the Heads, and opening the Mouths of thofe Creatures, to be a Sort of Lamen- 
tation to God, for the Lot that was befallen them. But the Obfervations made by Mr. Po- 
cock, of thofe Animals, call'd Jakales, or, according to the Turkijh Pronunciation, Chacales, led 
him to agree with the antient Syriack Verfion, and an Arab one of Rabbi Saadias, in fup- 
pofing that thefe are meant, and not Dragons, in that and fome other Places of Scripture, 
They are, as he defcribes them ■", a Kind of wild Dogs, between a Fox and a Wolf ; and the 
Noife they make, is fuch as none that travel in thofe Parts in the Night, can be ignorant of. 
For abiding in the Fields and wafte Places, they howl fo lamentably, that Perfons unac- 
quainted with them, would conclude that a Company of Women and Children were wailing 
one to another. In this he was the more confirm'd by fome Manufcript Notes of Rabbi Tan^ 
chum of Jerufalem, a learned Jew, who wrote on the whole Old Tejlament in Arabick, Part 
of which Mr. Pocock procured from the Eaft. He obferves it for an Error in Expofitors, 
that in this and fome other Places they render Dragons, where they Ihould render Jakales. 
The Reafon of which Miftake, he faith, is, that the Word which fignifieth Jakales, m the 
Plural Number, is, in Writing, the fame with that which fignifieth a Dragon in the Singular, 
both Tannin. To prevent therefore this Miftake, Mr. Pocock lays down this Rule : That 
•wherefoever we meet with Tannim, or Tannin, or Tannotb, as Plurals, they fignify thofe howling 
wild Beafts, inhabiting wafte defolate Places : But where Tannim or Tannin in the Singular, or 
Tanninim in the Plural, they are to be rendered Dragons, or Serpents, or Sea-monfters, or 
Whales, according as they are fpoken of Creatiu^es on Land or in the Water. 

These Jakales are fo ravenous, that they will prey on dead Bodies, yea dig them out of 
their Graves, if not well covered. For which Reafon he thinks i thefe Animals are meant, 
not only, Pfalm xliv. 19. by Tannim, which we and others tranflate Dragons ; but alfo, 
Pfalm Ixiii. 10. by Shualim, which we render Foxes. The Name Jakale, he fays, is bor- 
rowed from the Perftan Language, in which it is written Shegal, and is from the Hebrew 
Shual, which Word may comprehend both thofe Kinds, which are not very different from 
each other. 

Note few Paflages we have alfo in Scripture, relating to the Thrajhing of Corn, which 
to him that only confiders the Cuftoms in that Matter, of common Ufe in thefe Parts, will ap- 
pear very hard to be underftoood. ' W^e there read of thrajhing with Inftruments of Iron, of 
thrajhing the Mountains, and beating them fmall, and making the Hills as Chaff, with a new 
jharp thrajhing Injlrument having Teeth, as alfo of thrajhing with Oxen and Heijers, with a 
Cart-Wheel, and with Horfemen. And when the Daughter of Zion is commanded to arife and 
thrajh her Enemies, who fhould be gathered as Sheaves into the Floor ; ftie was, we read, to 
be provided with Hoojs oj Brafs to beat them in Pieces. In fome other Places alfo, thrajhing 
and cutting feem to be the fame Thing -, as when the Heathen were to be aflembled together, 
for a terrible Deftrudion, in the Valley of Jeho/haphat, after the Preparation for the following 
Thrajhing or Execution, by putting the Sickle into the Harveji, the Place of it is called the 
Valley oj Decifton, or Concifion, of Thrafliing or Cutting afunder. Now certainly, the Ufage 
among us of beating out Corn with a Flail, will give us no juft Idea of the true Meaning of 

C . fuch 

" C. Plin. Naturalis Hiftor. 1. viii. cap. 51. " Sam. Bocharti Hierozoic. part, prior, lib. i. c. 9. f Dr. 

Pocock's Comnient. on Micah i. 8. ^ Dr. Pocock's Comment, on Mai. i. 3. ' Amo; i. 3, Ifa, 

xli. Jj. Deut. ,\xv. 4. Hof. X..11. Ifa. xxviii. 28. Mic. iv. 13. Joel iii, 14. -,_ 



fi TIxe LI F E of 

fuch Exprc/Tfons as . thefe. Whereas, what Mr. Pocock obferved of the Cuftoms of thofe 

'^Eafterri f'cople, irl^kcs jhem plain and intelligible: For he tells us, • that the Harveft being 

'bvtr, thjy »y the Sheaves in order, on a large Floor or Plain, made fit for that Purpofe in 

.*"the open Field, and there caufe their Oxen, or other Beafts, to draw over the Sheaves, fo 

^diQxjs'd, either an Inftrument made of heavy Planks of Wpod, with (harp Stones, or Flints, 

'driven into it, or dfe two Jron Wheels dented with (harp T^eth, and coupled with an Axel- 

'trve or Beam of Wood ; and that this Labour is not ended, till both the Grain is divided from 

"the Huflc, and the 5traw cut into fmall Pieces; the latter being defigned for proper Repofi- 

'tories, fuch as Caves, or dry Wells, where it is kept to fepd their Cattle, as the .former is . for 

the Granary. 

Several Years after his Return mtp _England, fpnje Letters pafled between , him and 
Dr. Hammondy whilft that very learned and pious Man was preparing his excellent Paraphraje 
cud Atinoidtions on .the New T'eftament^ concerning that ilfiftrument ufed in the Eaft, <fot 
jpurging or cleanfing the Floor, whiqh in our Tranflation is.ftiled.a,F<w». Being iaid in Scrip- 
ture td be carried in the Hand, it cannot well be fuppos'd to be any Contrivance of Sails, 
whereby to throw ofF the Duft, and tJ^erefore was rationally concluded by Mr. Pocock (whpfe 
Opinion was followed by Dr. Ha^mmond^) bothfrqm the Signification of. the original Word, and 
"thofe Words jt is rendered by in Syriack a|i4 4^.ai'}ck.^ to be a JCind of Trident^ made ufe of 
after the Thralhing was over, by raifing or,tq{fing,up the Straw and ChafF, to feparate them 
'ifrom the Corn ; or elie a Sort of Shovel, which yvpujd produce the .fame !Effeft, by throwing 
'the whole Heap in fm^ll Parcels, to a good jpiftgnce, through the Air. 

' S^u C H kemark^ as thefe, fo ufeful for underfl:!ai)ding the f^cred Text, he was carefijl -to 
jnilcC) as he niet with convenient Opportunies for them. But another Bufinefs there was, in 
'which he daily imployed himfelf j and whiqh indeed took up the greatefi: Part of that Time, 
which ,he could fpare from the necef^y D^i^e? of Religion ; and that was, the labouring to 
arrive at what .i^e'rfeftion he could in tl;e Knowledge of the Eaftern Languages. 
" Soon after his cqming to y^/-f/>/>(7, he endeavoured, by the Afliftance of the J^w'J he found 
there," to obtain greater Accuracy in Hebrew, entertaining one Rabbi Samuel for this Purpoie, 
'to whom he allowed a good Stipend by the Month, ajnd afterwards applying himfelf to fome 
others. But it was not long, before he was fuUy convinc'd, .that this Attempt would be alto- 
gether fruitiefs : For, the Stupidity of fome of thpfe wretched People was fo great, that they 
tOuVd not, and,t;he E^yy of others |fo mifchievqus, that they .would not, afford any confider- 
able Direftibn. 

I T appears too, from fome Papere written by him in this Place, that he made ufe erf" fuch 
Opportunities as he there met with, of impoving his Skill in Syriack : For they contain feve- 
Val Grammatical Cqlle<$Hons relating tq that language, as alfo i Praxis in it, on fome Parts of 
Holy Scripture. The fame Way, it is alfo manifeft, that he then ftudied the Ethiopick 
Tongue, and fiimifti'd himfelf, either from Matters or Books, with proper Rules whereby to 
underftand it. 

But Jrabick, the moft learned and general Language of the Eaft, was the Subjeft of his 
greateft Induftry and Application ; for farther Inftrucftion in which, he agreed with a Sbeich or 
Dodqr, calTd fhaiallabj to come to him frequently, and entertain'd, as a Servant, by the 
Year, one Hqmel, chiefly for this End, I fuppofe, that he might on every Occafion converfe 
familiarly in It. With this Afliftance, to obtain Exadtnefs in a Tongue fo very difficult, -he 
furnifh'd himfelf, as appears from his Papers, with many Grammatical Obfervations, and made 
■filndry CofleHioh's put of Lexicographers and other Authors, which he there met with. He 
alfo read the Alcorein oif that Impoftor Mahomet, with great Care and a critical Diligence ; 
a tiqok, the Contrivance of >yhich, was held to be fp great a Miracle " by the Authpr of It, 
and' is fp fiill by his Fpllqwers •, and which indeed, as a very gppd Judge infprms us, " bating 
the folly, t%e Confufednefs and Incoherency of the Matter contained therein, is, as to the Style 
and Language, the Standard of Elegancy in the Arab Tongue. Anpther very ufeful Exercife 
for the fame Pprpofe, on which he then beftoij?ed much Pams and Time, was the tranflating 
feveral Afdbick '^ooks. And the chief of thefe was a vaft CoUedion he there procur'd, of 
fix thoufaiid Proverhs, cpntainlng the Wifdqpi pf the Arabians, and referring to the moft re- 
m'arkable ?aflages of their Hiftory. This he turn'd into Latin, adding fome Nptes for Ex- 
plication, with a Cefign, as he feem'd to tell his Friend Ger. V(ffius\ to publifh the Whole 
after his Return into England. By fuch a continued Labpur and Study, he at length pver- 
dlme, in a great Meafure, all the Difficulties pf this copious Language ; and that to fuch a 
Degree, that he fpake it with as ipuch Eafe, as his Mother-Tongue, and fo well underftood 
the Critici(m and Niceties of it, that his Sheich pronqunced him a Mafter in it, in no Sort in- 
ferior to the Mufti of Aleppo. 

Tho* what has been already mentioned, was a great deal of Work, it was not the only 
Employment he had at this Place. As he now refided on a Fadlory, fo he was concern'd in a 
Sort of Mo-chandize : Not that of buying up Silks and other Ornaments to furnifh the Pride 

and 

• Comment, on Joel iii. 14. alfo on Mic. iv. 13. and on Hof. x. n. ' Dr. Hammond's Annotation on 

Matt. iii. IS. " Dr. Pocock's S|5ecimen Hiftor. Arab. p. 191. » Dr. H. Prideaiu's Life of Mahomet 

p. 36. ^ CI. Virorum ad G. Volaum Epiftolje, Nu. 239. " ' 



Dr. E D W A R D ^P G C O C K. • 7 

■ and Lwxury of Eiifepe, or- any other Traffick that might i/Tue in a plentiful IncrcSfe of Wealth -, 

but the purchaftng far more precious and valuable Wares, even theLearning- and 'Knowledge 

contain'd in the Books of thofe Eaftern Nations. Jacobus GvHus, a very learned Profeflbr of 

Arabick and Mathenmlicks, in the Univerfity of Leyden, was now very lately returri'd out of 

Syria, bringing with him a great many Manufcripts of good Account, Which he had procur'd 

in thofe Parts ; and tho' Mr. Pocoik had the Difadvantage of coming after, he refok*d, that, 

-if Diligence could effeft it, his Abode there fhould not be of lefs Ufe to the Commonwealth of 

•Learning. He bought up whatever MawKycr/^/J of any Value, in any Language, he could 

meet with at yf/^/>/ic, and employed his Friends there, to procure the like from other Places, 

waiting the Opportunities of th^'Caravans from Perjia, and other Countries, When he could 

not obtain the Books themfelves, he took Care to have them exactly tranfcribed. And be- 

■caufe, amongft the Rubbifh, as he cali'd it, of the Jews, there were many cdnfiderable 

Things ; efpecially, fuch as had been formerly written by their learned Men in Arabick, when 

that Tongue was more in Requeft amoi^g them: 'He employ'd feveral Brokers to get.fotoe of 

'thefe out of their -Hands. For he was well aflur'd, that tho' the. Jews were either fo ignorant, 

.as not to underftand'them, or elfe fo fottifh, as not to mike ufe of them, they would not 

part with them to one, whom they knew to be a Chriftian. 

A s he thus dealt in Books for his awn private Ufe, and at his own Expence -, fo he had a 
Commiffion from Bifhop Z,«kJ (in a Letter dated, OSi. 30, 1631.) then of London, defiring 
•he would buy for him fuch antient •Greek Coins, and fuch Manufcripts, either in Greek or the 
Oriental Languages, as in his Judgment may beft befit an Univerfity Library. From Whence 
it appears, that this excellent Man (as Lord Clarendon defervedly ftiles him) had then d^figned 
thofe noble Benefaftions, which he afterwards bellowed on the Bodleian Library at Oxford. 
Whether the Arabick, Perjian, Hebrew, Armenian, Ethiopick, and other Manufcripts given by 
iiim to that Univerfity, in the Years i'635 and i6j6, were any of them procured by Mr. Po- 
€eck, I am not able certainly -to fay. I find a Letter of that Prelate's, then made Archbifhop 
of Canterbury, dated. May 21, 1634. to Mr. Pocock, in which he thanks him for .Greek 
Coins, but mentions no Books. Nay, he intimates, that no luch had been procured, by ex- 
prefling, at the fame Time, his DoiAt, that the French and Venetians had raifed the Price of 
Manufcripts, more than that of Coins. The Archbifhop however continues to requeft of Mr. 
Pocock, ' that he would fend him Word when there was Hopes of getting any good ones at a 

* tolerable Rate.' To which he adds, ' I hope you will, before your Return, make yourfelf 

* able to teach the Arabick Language.' From which we may afluredly gather, that his Grace 
had then entertain'd Thoughts of founding an Arabick Lefture at Oxford., and was refolved in 
the Choice of his firft Lefturer. 

The Execution of this Projeft, about two Years after, furnilh'd Mr. Pocock with ah ho- 
nourable Occafion of returning home and leaving Aleppo, after a Stay of five or fix Years in that 
Place, with which he was never heartily pleafed. The Archbifhop, notwithftanding the Ca- 
lumnies of his Enemies, had his Mind always full of the nobleft Defigns, and never thought 
any Thing too troublefome or too cofHy, that might be for the Service of Religion, the Be- 
nefit of the Poor, or the Advancement of Learning. Amongft his other Cares for the Uni- 
verfity of Oxford, he had often reflefled on a confiderable Defeft there, relating to the Study 
of the learned Languages. King Henry VIII. in the five Lectures he inftituted, took Care 
both for Greek and Hebrew. But Arabick, a learned and ufeftil Language, was ftill un- 
provided for ; and for carrying on the Study of this, Archbifhop Laud refolves to eftablifh a 
Ledlure, and to encourage it with a confiderable Stipend. With this Defign he acquaints 
Mr. Pocock at Aleppo, telling him, in the Letter he fent to him for this Purpofe, that he could 
do him no greater Honour, than to name him to the Univerfity for his firft Profeffor ; and ordering 
him, at the fame Time, to haften his Return, that he might undertake the Employment. 

O N fuch Encouragement as this, there is no Doubt but that he chearfully prepar'd for his 
Departure. But that which was Matter of Joy to him, was not a little grievous to his Friends 
in that Place. A kind and obliging Carriage, and a virtuous Life •, a faithful Difcharge of his 
Duty as a Minifter, and a wonderful Diligence in feveral extraordinary Defigns, could not but 
obtain from all the Englifh there, at leaft from them that had any Senfe of what was Praife- 
worthy, a great Refped and Deference. And the approaching Lofs of the Advantages they 
reap'd from his paftoral Care, and of the Comfort and Satisfadion they had in his Company, 
muft needs be to them a very fenfible Afflidlon. Of this we may fpeak the more affuredr 
ly, from the Charader given of Mr. Pocock, in a Letter to Mr. Selden, written from Aleppo, 
in the Year 1632, by Mr. Wandesford, then refiding there. 

'You commended, fays he, a diligent and able Gentleman, Mr. Pocock, to me, who hath 
' inabled himfelf very much in the Arab Tongue. 1 have no other Comfort but in him 

* for Converfe. And indeed his Nature is fo fweet and amicable, I owe much to you for the 

* Commands you laid upon me to receive him.' 

Even the Mahometans themfelves, with whom he was acquainted, were fo charm'd 
with his fhining Virtue, his amazing Induftry, and moft agreeable Converfation , that 
they were extremely unwilling to part with him. Particularly his Sheich, or Matter 
for Arabick, was fo fond of, him, that when he faw him refolv'd to be gone, he not 
only oiFered his Service, but exprefs'd alfo a very earneft Defire to accompany him to 

1 England. 



8 The L I F E of 

England. Nor did this Mahometan Dtxflor ever forget his excellent Scholar, even to the laft 
Moment of his Life. For in the Year 1670. Mr. Huntington, in his firft Letter to Mr. Po- 
cock, from Aleppo^ writes thus : ' Your old Sbeich (who died feveral Years fince) was always 

* mindful of you, and exprefled your Name with his laft Breath. He was ftill telling the 

* good Opinion he had of you, that you were a right honeft Man ; and that he did not doubt 

* but to meet you in Paradife, under the Banner of our Jefus.' And the poor Dervife Abmed, 
perhaps the fame Perfon with llamet, before mentioned, doubtlefs exprefled his Afrc<ftion ixx 
fuch Strains of Oriental Eloquence, as are to be met with in the Epiftles he afterwards fent 
to him 1 telling him, that his Love for him, was it embodied, would f II a thoufand Rivers ; that 
the* abfent from his Eye, he fhould befiiU prefent in his Heart, from which no Dijiance fhould re- 
move him ; and wifhing and praying the Peace of God to be with him, as long as the Eaft Wind 
blows. And that the Reader may be diverted with fome further Expreflions of this Perfon's 
Efteem and Love i and alfo be fatisfied, that Mr. Poccck's Endeavours for the Promotion of 
Learning, by procuring Manufcripts from the Eaft, were not ended on his Return to Oxford^ 
I will here fubjoin one whole Letter, being the firft that Ahmed fent to Mr. Pocock, after he left 
Aleppo, as it was tranflated out of the Original Arahick, by his eldeft and very learned Son, 
Mr, Edward Pocock, late Redor of Mildenball in IViltfbire. 

To the Prefence of that eminent Scholar, Pocock the Honoured, 
* Ve R Y fair are the Ornaments of Paper enrich'd with the Embroidery of Words ; and 

* very beautiful is that which the Point of the Pen draws forth from the Minds of Souls : 

* Let Peace fpread its fweet Smell like Amber, and difplay its Savour like Jeflamine toward 

* the Tra6t of that Country, whither he goes. Let God give Succefs to what he delights in 

* and defires. Befides this, there came to us a much defired Letter, fairly writtten after the 
' beft Manner ; and we were revived at its Coming, and fatisfied at its fweet Afpe<5t, beyond 

* the Spring, and Smell of Flowers ; and we know the Matter it contained, and what Anfwers 

* you defired in it. And if you enquire concerning us, God be praifed we are well and 
' fafe, and we truft in God, you are in like Manner : Only, fince you left us, we have been 

* as tho' our own Brother had left us, or the Spirit which is in the Heart, And therefore, we 

* had fincere Joy, when we heard the News of your Health, and of your Arrival in your 

* Country ; and we praife God, who brought you to your People in Health and Safety ; for 

* his Mercy is plentiful. We alfo give you to -underftand, that we have taken to Wife a 

* Camel Woman riding on a Camel, that ftie may look after our Affairs. W? have alfo gotten 

* Echwans Sepba, which you faw formerly, fairly drawn for fixty Garfhes ; and we had not 

* gotten it for that Price, unlefs Hieronymo had gotten it for us ; for how we could buy that 

* which I faw the Day that I went from Aleppo, you know. And, as for the Hiftory of Al. 

* Jannabi, the Kadi, of which I faw fome Pieces, . you told me that we fhould tarry till the 

* tranfcribing it was finifhed, and when it was finifhed we fhould buy it, if the moft high 

* God pleafe. The Commentary on Gubjian is alfo finifhed, which we will fend you ; and, 

* if it pleafe God, we will do our Endeavour to fend you the Hiftory of Ebn Chalecan % and 

* any Book that we ftiall fee, which is convenient for you, we fhall fend to you. And you 

* muft needs fend us an Anfwer to thefe Letters, and fome little Token of what your Coun- 

* try affords. Send us alfo a printed Geography ; and whatfoever Bufinefs you fliall have in 

* thefe Parts, fend and let me know, that I may enjoy the Performance of it.'* 

Ihe poor Dervise Ahmed.. 



SECTION II. 

MR. Pocock having fettled his Affairs at Aleppo, in order to his Return, foon had the Op- 
portunity of a Ship to carry him home. During the former Part of his Voyage, he 
enjoyed the Company of a Perfon, who, tho* he told fad Stories, was of a very enter- 
taining Convcrfation. He was an old Dominican Frier, difpatcht out of the Eaft to Rome, with 
a lamentable Account of the State of Chriftianity in India and China. And as he diverted Mr. 
Pocock with feveral Relations of the Learning and Cuftoms of thofe remote Countries, fo he 
made no Scruple to acquaint him with the Secrets of his Meflage ; which was to complain of 
the Jefuits, and give a particular Account of the Abominarions they were guilty of, Thofe 
wretched Apoftles, who had boafted fo much of vaft Numbers of Profelytes, converted 
People indeed, but not to the Faith of Chrift : To acknowledge the Pope's Supremacy, and 
bear a great deal of Refped; to their Order, were fome of the chief Duties they recommended 
to thofe they preached to -, and provided they would be hearty in fuch as thefe, any Thing 
elfe, which they were fond of, was eafily difpenfed with. They might, on fuch Terms, have 
. as much Zeal as they pleas'd for Confucius, or retain any of their former Impieties : They 
might be ftill Pagans and Idolaters, and yet very good Catholicks. What Succefs this honeft 
old Frter met with, wJien he came to Ro7ne, I know not ; but too manifeft it is, that thefe Mif, 
, , ' ftonaries 



Dr. EDWARDPOCOCK. 9 

Jonaries have ftill proceeded in the fame Method ; their Pradtices of this Kind having beenj 
not very long fince, under the Examination of the Inqut/idon. 

The Frier being fet on Shore in Italy, the Ship continued her Voyage, and came fafe into 
England ; and Mr. Pocock having taken Care for the Landing and Conveyance of the learned 
Ware he brought with him, made what Hafte he could to Oxford ; where he was receiv'd 
with due Refpeft and Efteem from all ; but by his old Friends, with all the Expreffions of a 
very tender Affedion : Principally, by Mr. Thomas Greaves., aforementioned ; the eldeft, Mr. 
John Greaves, being then ftill in Italy. 

After what was due to the Kindnefs of his Friends in Oxford, Mr. Pocock's next Bufi- 
nefs was, to make Preparation for his Degree of Bachelor in Divinity, which he was now per- 
fuaded to take. The Queftions, on which he anfwered, in his Exercifes on that Occafion, 
were thefe two : Whether Pilgrimages to Places, called Holy, undertaken on the Account of Re- 
ligion, are to be approved? And, Whether there he any fuch Thing as Purgatory? And, as he 
defended the Negative of both thefe, fo in his Explanation of them, he confirmed the Pro- 
tefiant DoSirine, about thefe Matters, in Oppofition to the Opinions of Rome, with all ima- 
ginable Strength and Clearnefs ; not contenting himfelf with what is to be met with in modern 
Trafts, but fearching out the Senfe of the Primitive Church, from the Writings of the Fa- 
thers ; particularly, on the firft Queftion, to expofe the Vanity of thofe Pilgrimages, which 
the Council of Trent hath declared to be very pious, and are efteem'd, as of confiderable Me- 
rit, in Popifh Countries. He made great Ufe of that Oration, or rather Epijlle, of Gregory 
Ny£en, concerning them that travel to Jerufalem, publifhed by itfelf in Greek and Latin, by 
Peter du Moulin ; fetting the Arguments of that excellent Father in their beft Light, after he 
had firft noted the unreafonabie Scruples, and the impotent Rage of fome Popifti Writers, on 
Occafion of that Epiftle, more efpecially of Gretfer, the Jefuit. 

The Latin Sermon he preached, I fuppofe, was on thofe Words of the Prophet Malachi, , 
chap. ii. ver. 7. Tfje Priejis Lips fhould keep Knowledge, and they fhould feek the Law at his 
Mouth ; for he is the Meffenger of the Lord of Hofis. This however is certain, that a learned Dif-^ 
courfe on that Text, written by his own Hand, was found amongft his Papers. But on whatfo- 
ever Subjeft it was, he had, as he would fometimes in Difcourfe occafionally remember, an ex- 
traordinary Auditory, when he preached it. For, befides the ufual Members of the Univerfity, 
there were then prefent. Dr. John Bancroft, Bifhop of Oxford % Sir John Coke, one of the Prin- 
cipal Secrataries of State ; Sir Henry Marten, Judge of the Admiralty and of the Prerogative 
Court ; Sir Edward Littleton, Sollicitor General ; and Dr. Thomas Rives, the King's Advocate -, 
being at that Time his Majeflfs Commiffioners at Oxford, on a very folemn Occafion ^. It was 
the Confirmation of the new Body of Statutes for that Univerfity, which by the Care and Wif- 
dom of the Chancellor of it, had been collefted out of a vaft Number, that had continued a 
confus'd Heap for many Ages. A Work which prov'd too diflicult for thofe two great Car- 
dinals, Wodfey and Pool ; who both attempted it in vain *, and which only that excellent 
Condu(5t, and thofe unwearied Edeavours, which were peculiar to Archbiftiop Laud, were 
able to get accomplifti'd. 

The neceflary Exercifes being thus finiftied, he was admitted to the Degree of Bachelor of 
Divinity, July 8, 1636. And foon after that, the Honour, which his great Patron had de- 
fign'd for him, was adtually conferr'd on him. For on the eighth Day of the next Month, 
Dr. Baylie, Prefident of St. John Baptijl's College, and Vice-chancellor of the Univerfity, de- 
clar'd in a Convocation, held for this Purpofe, That, whereas their much honoured Chancellor, 
the Archbiftiop, had lately given to the publick Library a confiderable Number of Arabick 
Books ; he was now to acquaint them, with an Addition to that Bounty. For, that thofe 
Treafures might not continue lockt up, and fo ufelefs, his Grace had been pleafed to fettle 
40/. per Annum, during his Life, on a Perfon, who fliould read a Ledure in that Tongue. 
And the Man, whom he nominated for the Approbation of that Houfe, was, he told them, 
Mr. Pocock, of Corpus-Chrifli, lately return'd out of the Eaftern Parts, who was, as he af- 
fur'd them, and they very well knew, eminent for his Probity, his Learning, and Skill in 
Languages. 

So kind a Meflage was received by the Univerfity, with much Joy, and a very grateful Ac- ® 

knowledgment. And the Lecturer, thus appointed, to exprefs a juft Diligence, open'd his 
LeSlure two Days after, viz. Aug. 10, with an excellent Latin Speech ; wherein, as he took 
Care to pay thofe Refpefts which were due to the Founder, fo he gave a learned Account of 
the Nature and UfefuJnefs of the Tongue he was to explain : A fmall Part of which Speech, 
declaring the mighty Efteem the Arabians antiently had for Poets and Poetry, was afterward 
printed ". After this Introduftion, the Book, which he firft undertook to read on, was, the 
Proverbs of Ali, the fourth Emperor of the Saracens, and the Coufin German and Son-in-Law 
of Mahomet : A Man of fuch Account with that Impoftor, not only for his Valour, but Know- 
ledge too, that he was wont to declare, that if all the Learning of the Arabians were de- 
ftroyed, it might be found again in Ali, as in a living Library. Upon this Book, obferving 
the Diredions of the Archbifhop, in the Statutes he had provided, he fpent an Hour every 

D Wednefday 

^ Hift. & Antiq. Univerf. Oxon. 1. i. p. 342. » Hift. of the Troubles and Trial of Archbp. Laud, p. 304. 

I" Ad finem Notaruin in Carmen Tograi, Edit. Oxon, A. D. 1661. 



io The L I F E of 

TVednffday in Vacation-titite^ and alfo in Lent^ explaining the Senfe of the Author, and the 
Things relating to the Grammar and Propriety of the Language ; and alfo fhewing the Agree- 
ment It hath with the Hebrew and Syriaeky as often as there was Occafion. The Leifure being 
ended, he afoally tarried for foine Time in the publick School, to refolve the Queftions of his 
Hearers, and fatisfy them in their Doubts -, and always, that Afternoon, gave Admittance in 
his Chamber, from One a-Clock till Four, to all that would come to him for further Confe- 
rence and Dire<5iion. 

Whilst Mr. Pocock was employed in this Manner, his dear Friend, Mr. John Greaves^ 
towards the End of the Year 1636, returned home from Italy, where he had been, probably 
on Archbifhop Laud's Account, for two Years. Immediately after his Arrival, he writes to 
Mr. Pocock ; acquainting him, that it had been his Fortune, to meet with Mr. Petty in Italy, 
who proffered him, in my Lord of Arundefs Name, 200/. per Annum, and fuch Fortunes as 
that Lord could heap upon him, if he would ftay with him, and go into Greece. In Anfwer 
to which, Mr. Greaves declared his Purpofe of returning firft into England, to fee Mr. Pocock, 
after fo long an Abfcnce ; adding, that if he returned back, he ftiould rather think of going 
into Egypt, where few had been, and where, befides fearching after Books and Antiquities, he 
fhould make Aftronomical Obfervations. Mr. Petty very much approved this Refolution, 
and affured Mr. Greaves, that if he would undertake that Journey, as under his Lord's fend- 
ing, he fhould have, befides what was above mentioned, thofe Preferments fettled upon him, 
which he himfelf then poflefled. But getting no abfolute Promife of Compliance, and per- 
ceiving that Mr. Greaves flood in fome Relation to Arcbhijhop Laud, Mr. Petty advifed him, 
for his better Security, that fince he would not call himfelf upon his Lord, he Ihould, by the 
Archbiftiop's Means, go Cofiful to Aleppo, and procure Leave of the Grand Seignor to have 
a Confular Power at Alexandria, as often as he Ihould go thither. To this Mr. Greaves could 
give no pofitive Anfwer, till he had fpoken of it to Mr. Pocock, who could beft inform him, 
whether he was fit for the Place, or the Place for him. And of both thefe he would plainly 
deliver his Opinion. 

I T is very probable, that Mr. Pocock, at this Inftant, wifhed for an Opportunity of tra- 
velling once more into the Eaft, to perfed: himfelf in a Language the moft copious and diffi- 
cult in the World. And befides attaining to greater Skill in the Arabick Tongue, he had 
other Reafons for defiring fuch a Voyage. He had lately engaged in the Tranflation of an 
Hiftorical Work, which he intended to dedicate to the Archbijhop, as a lafting Monument of 
his Gratitude ; and this, he believ'd, could not be performed by him any where, with fo much 
Eafe and Exacflncfs, as there, where, upon every Difficulty, he might have Recourfe to thofe, 
whom he thought moft likely to give the trueft Accounts of the Matters of Faft, and alfo 
beft underftood the Language they were written in. Moreover, he could not be of Opinion, 
that the Oriental Books he had already purchas'd, were a fufficient Provifion for his Studies •, 
and hoped, that upon his Return to the Eaft, he ftiould be able to procure many ufeful Trea- 
tifes he ftill wanted, and which were not yet heard of in the Weft. 

The Receipt of Mr. Greave's Letter, happily opened to him a Profped of accompliftiing 
thefe Defires ; and there is little Doubt to be made, but that, upon Sight of it, he foon ap- 
proved the Projeift of the Confuljhip, and in his Anfwer fignified how glad he ftiould be, if, when 
he communicated his own Afl^air to the Archbiftiop, he could procure his Grace's Confent and 
Encouragement, for him to make another Voyage to the Levant, for the Ends above-men- 
tioned. For in Mr. Greaves's next Letter, dated, Dec. 23, of the fame Year, which was 
foon after, in Anfwer to one of Mr. Pocock's, he is defired to fend him up Ulug Beg's Aftro- 
nomical Tables ; ' of which, fays he, I propofe to make this Ufe. The next Week I will 

* ftiew them to my Lord's Grace, and highly commend your Care in procuring of thofe Ta- 
' bles, being the moft accurate, that ever were extant. Then will I difcover my Intention of 

* having them printed, and dedicated to his Grace. But becaufe I prefume, that there are 

* many Things, which in thefe Parts cannot perfeftly be underftood, I ftiall therefore acquaint 
» my Lord with my Defires of taking a Journey into thofe Countries, for the more emendate 

* Edition of them ; afterwards, by Degrees, fall down upon the Bufinefs of the Confuljhip, 

* and how honourable a Thing it would be, if you were fent out a fecond Time, as Golius m 

* the Low-Countries was, by the States, after he had been once there before. If my Lord 

* ftiall be pleafed to refent, and compafs the Bufinefs, I ftiall like it well ; if not, I ftiall pro- 

* cure 300/. for you and myfelf, befides getting a Difpenfation for the Allowances of our 

* Places in our Abfence ; and, by God's Bleffing, in three Years difpatch the whole Journey. 

* It ftiall go hard too, but I will get fome Citizen in, as a Benefaftor to the Defign. If nor, 

* 300/. of mine, whereof I give you the Half, together with the Return of our Stipends, 

* will, in a plentiful Manner, if I be not deceived, in Turkey, maintain us.' 

The Succefs of Mr. Greaves's Application to the Archbijhop, we know no otherwife, than 
by the Event. Mr. Greaves did not go Conful to Aleppo, nor indeed did he at all vifit that 
Place, but went dire<5Hy from Conjlantinople to Alexandria, or Grand Cairo. From whence 
we may conclude, that his Grace did not come into that Propofal, but provided for Mr. 
Greaves's fecure travelling into Egypt fome other Way, and queftionlefs contributed generoufly 
to the Expence thereof. As to Mr. Pocock, the Archbijhop not only approved of his Defire 
2 to 



Dr. EDWARD POCOCK. ' it 

to vifit the Eaft once more, but alfo encouraged it, by allowing him the Profits of his Lec- 
ture, during hfe Stay in the Levant. 

This, and the like Revenue, from his Fellowfhip in Gorpus-Chrifti, together with an 
Eftate of fome Value, which was lately fallen to him on the Death of his Father^ enabled 
Mr. Pocock to profecute this Defign, without accepting the Offer of his generous and affec- 
tionate Friend, Mr. Greaves. And accordingly, they both embarked together about the Begin- 
ning of July, A. D. 1637, Before Mr. Pocock left Oxford, he entered the following Memo- 
randum in a fpare Leaf of his fix Chiliads of Arabick Proverbs, where it is yet extant in the 
Bodleian Library. 

IN nomine S. S. (^ individual Irinitaiis, cui Laus in omnem Mternitatem. Amen. 

If it pleafe God that I return not, otherwife to difpofe of this Tranflation of Proverbs, 
I defire that it may be put in the Archives of Corpus-Ghrifti G allege Library -, there, tho' very 
rude and imperfed:, to be kept for fome Help of thofe that ftudy the Arabick Language •, 
hoping that Mr. nomas Greaves, or fome other, may at fome Time perfedt this Work for 
an Edition. 

April 10, 1637. Per me'Env.VococK. 

Mr. "Thomas Greaves having, with the Archbijhoph Confent, undertaken the Care of the 
Arabick Ledure, till Mr. Pocock's Return -, Mr. John Greaves landed at Leghorn, and went 
thence to Rome, to difpatch fome Employments, which, as he wrote to Mr. Pocock, the Year 
before, would make it neceflary for him to return into Italy : But Mr. Pocock continued in the 
Prifon of his Ship ; for fo he both confider'd and call'd it, till he came to Gonflantinople ; whi- 
ther Mr. Greaves foon after followed him •, one of his Letters to the Archbifhop being dated, 
I)ec. 28, of the fame Year, from Galata near Conftantinople. Mr. Pocock, on his Arrival, 
was kindly receiv'd by all the Englifh, and efpecially by the Embaflador, Sir Peter Wich, to 
whofe Favour and Protection he was particularly recommended by the Archbifhop. That 
very worthy Perfon, not only entertain'd him at his Houfe, but alfo allowed him there all the 
Liberties he could defire, both for himfelf and his Friends ; and doubtlefs was not wanting to 
afford any AfTiftance he could give him in his learned Defigns. Of which obliging Temper 
alfo towards him, was Sir Sackvil Grow.^ who, in a fhort Time, fucceeded the other, as Em- 
baflador at that Court. 

Mr. Pocock being fettled at Gonflantinople, or rather near it, at Pera or Galata, on the 
other Side of the Water, where the Englifh, and other Merchants ufually refided, made it his 
firft Bufinefs to enquire out, and to obtain the Converfation of fome learned "Turk, that might 
aflTift him in acquiring both Books and Languages. But fuch a one was, it feems, a Rarity, 
which even the Metropolis of the Turkifh Empire would not prefently afford him. For in a 
I-etter written there, fome Months after his Arrival, he complain'd, that he could yet fee no 
Likelihood of any fuch Perfon, of whom he might make Ufe. 

But here he had a Happinefs, which he formerly fought for in vain at Aleppo, which was 
the Society of feveral Jews, who were both learned and civil. For it is manifefl:, from an 
Account of his Expences, which he then kept, that fome of thofe People did him confi- 
derable Services, in buying and tranfcribing Books, for which he very well paid them. And that 
which he then highly valued, and which he would afterwards frequently remember with great 
Satisfadion, was, an intimate Acquaintance he there had with Jacobo Romano, the Author of 
an AuSiuarium to Buxtorf's Bibliotheca Rabbinica, and one of the moft learned Jews of his 
Time . As this was a candid and very judicious Perfon, fo he would make ufe of a great 
deal of Freedom in his Converfation. He had carefully read over feveral Ghriflian Books, as 
well of Popifh, as Proteftant Authors ; particularly, among thofe of the latter, Galvin's Infli- 
tutions ; and he would often declare to Mr. Pocock, the great Difference he obferved amongfl 
them. Which was, that the Reformed were of a Religion, which was very confiflent, and 
held fuch Dodlrines, as agreed with the Principles they owned, namely, the Writings of the 
New Teftament : Whereas the Papifls, in many Inftances, were at War with themfelves, and 
pretended to obferve a Rule, which they would yet very frequently thwart and contradift. 

Amongst the Grecian Chriflians at Gonflantinople, thofe miferable Remains of a once 
famous and moft flourifhing Church, that have long groan'd under an infupportable Tyranny, 
there were feveral Perfons, with whom he was acquainted, and that were ufeful to him in his 
Defigns. Upon which Account they well deferve to be here mentioned. And the Pre- 
cedence is moft juftly due to that great Man, Gyrillus Lucari, Patriarch of that See, who, to 
ufe Mr. Pocock's own Words concerning him, was a mofi reverend, grave, and learned Perfon. 
He was of a Genius much above the flavifh Condition of his Country, and laboured, with a 
mighty Courage and Induftry, to promote the common Caufe of Chriftianity, and the parti- 
cular Advantages of the Church under his Care, notwithfl:anding all the Malice and Barbarity 
that oppreflied him. 

For fuch Purpofes as thefe, amongfl the other great Things he did, he had colledled a 
very excellent Library, furnifhing it with all the choice Manufcripts,. which thofe Parts af- 
forded, 

' Judacorum, quos mihi nolTc contigit, neniini, vel Do£lrina vel Ingenuitate fecundus. Poc. Not. Mifcell, ad 
Porum Mofis, p. 90. 



12 The L I F E of 

forded, efpecially in the Greek Language. And indeed, a Specimen of the Treafures of this 
Kind, in his Poflenion, he had given the World in that Book of ineftimable Value, brought 
with him fix)m Alexandria^ of which he had been formerly Patriarch, and fent as a Prefent to 
his Majefty of England, King Charles I. viz. the Septuagints Tranflation of the Old Tefta- 
vtenl, and the Creek Text of the New, written, as he believed, by the Hand of Thecla, a 
noble Egyptian Woman, near fourteen hundred Years ago j at the End of which Manufcript 
is alfo the admirable Epiftle of St. Clemens Romanus to the Corinthians, as old as fome Parts 
of the New Tejlament itfelf, and antiently read in Churches, but in vain fought for by the 
learned Men of Europe, for many Ages. Mr. Pocock, who could not but earneftly defirc 
fuch a Privilege, doubtlefs had the Ufe of any Books, which this venerable Perfon had 
the Command of •, the Eftecm and AfFedion of that Patriarch being very great for the Re- 
formed in general, and the People and Church of England in particular, of which, perhaps, 
a ftiort Account will not be thought too great a Digreflion. 

Th IS great Man had travcli'd, when young, in feveral- Places of Europe, and underftood, 
bcfides Latin, feveral modern Languages ^ And as he had Occafion particularly to enquire 
into the State of Religion in thofe Countries ; fo he was abundantly convinc'd, that the true 
Difference between Proteftancy and Popery is, that the firft is Cbrijlianity purg'd from many 
Corruptions, whereas the latter is Cbrijlianity loaded and polluted with them. This was very 
manifeft.to him from the Writings of the Fathers, and in a great Meafure too, from the pre- 
fent Senfe and Belief of the Church, wherein he prefided -, which he well knew to have been 
always a perfed Stranger to feveral of thofe Opinions, which the Church of Rome would im- 
pofe upon the World for Catholick Doftrines. And as he had, upon thefe Accounts, a juft 
Value for the Reformation ; fo the like Refledions produced in him a peculiar Regard for it» 
as it was eftablifhed in the Church of England. For knowing the Conjlitution of this Church 
very well, he could not but difcem, that as it caft out all the Errors and Superftitions of the 
Church of Rome ; fo no intemperate Zeal, nor any Neceflity of Affeirs, caus'd it to throw 
out, together with them, that Apoftolical Government, and thofe Rites, which had been of 
coriTlant Ufe with the whole Church of Chrift, in all Places and Times. When therefore this 
great Man firft compos'd his Confejfion of the Faith and DoSfrines of the Greek Churchy 
which hath been printed more than once here in the Wejl, he dedicated it to King James L 
and defign'd to get it printed in England; and afterward, when he ventur'd upon that bold 
Attempt of ordering Nicodemus Metaxa to fet about printing it at Conjlantinople itfelf, in the 
Greek Prefs which he had brought thither from London, it had a Dedication prefixed, to King;^ 
Charles I. And the Satisfadion that Patriarch had, in owning Communion with the Englifh^ 
as a found and excellent Part of the Catholick Church, he fometimes exprefs'd by his Prefencc 
at the Worfhip of God in the Ambajfador's Chapel, according to our eftablifhed Liturgy. Par- 
ticularly, as Mr. Pocock would often remember, upon an extraordinary Occafion, when he was 
prefent, which was, the Baptizing a Son of the Ambajfador, born at Conflantinople. At 
which Time, the moft Reverend Cyril was not only of the Congregation, and join'd in the Ser- 
vice with much Devotion, but alfo undertaking to be a Godfather, gave his own Name to the 
Child, who was afterward the Honourable Sir Cyril Wich, one of the Trujtees appoinfied by 
Parliament, fome Years ago, for the forfeited Eftates in Ireland. 

Bu T of how much Comfort and Ufe foever the Favour of this moft reverend and learned 
Man was to Mr. Pocock -, alas 1 He enjoyed it not long. For before he had been a full Year 
at Conjlantinople, the good old Patriarch, being caught in the Snares his Enemies had laid 
for him, was hurried, to what the World calls a miferable End, but indeed to a Cro^am of Mar- 
tyrdom. Of the Occafion and Circumftances of his Murder, Mr. Pocock fent a large Account 
to Arcbbijhop Laud, foon after it was afted ; keeping alfo a Copy of what he wrote, for his 
own Remembrance. But, as the former, I believe, did not efcape the Fury of Mr. Prynne, 
when he fcatter'd and deftroy'd that Archbijhop's Papers •, fo the latter, as Mr. Pocock would 
often complain, was cafually loft. What I fhall therefore here add, of this great Man's 
Death, is chiefly taken from a Letter of Mr. Pocock's, written to Mr. Thomas Greaves, in the 
Year 1659, to fatisfy the Defire of Dr. Morton, Lord Bifhop of Durham, then ninety fix 
Years old, and refiding in the Houfe of Sir Henry Telverton, and which agrees with the larger 
Account, which the Reverend Dr. Smith publiftied many Years after, from Dr. Pocock*s own 
Mouth, in his Latin Narrative of the Life and Actions of that great Patriarch. 

H I s boldly aflerting the Dodrines of true and genuine Chriftianity, in Oppofition to the 
Corruptions of Rotne, expos'd him to the Rage of thofe bufy Fadtors for that Church, the 
Jefuits. Several of which Order, at Conflantinople, under the Proteftion of the French Am- 
"baflador, continually perfecuted him almoft twenty Years ; for near fo long it was from his 
firft coming to that Throhe, to the Time of his Martyrdom. They had, more than once, by 
their Intereft in the Minifters of State, gotten him depofed -, they had alfo caufed him to be 
banifhed ; and to obtain their wicked Purpofes, they fuggefted fuch Things againft him, as 
any that pretend to the Name of Chrift, one would think, ftiould be utterly aftiamed of: Re- 
prefenting the Arguments he made ufe of, for the Divinity of our Blefled Lord, againft Jews 
and Infidels, as Bkfphcmy againft Mahomet j and the Greek Prefs, which he had provided to 

print 
* Vide Narrationem de Vita, tec. Cyrilli. Autore Viro Rev. D. Tho. Smith, 



Dr. E D W A R D P O C O C K. ,^ 

print Calecbifms, and other ufeful Books, for the Inftrudion of the Chriftians under his Care, 
as a feditious Defign againft the Government ; but by the Zeal and Diligence of the Engli/b 
Ambafladors, firft Sir 'fhovias Rowe, and afterward Sir Peter Wich, together with the Af- 
fiftance of the Dutch Refident, \^ho heartily efpoufed his Caufe, he not only difappointed the 
wicked Defigns of thofe Men, but obtained fuch an Intereft in the Prime Vizier, as feeni'd a 
fufficient Fence againft all future Trouble. However, a Jefuitical Malice, tho' baffled, is not 
ended, and a hellijh Contrivance at length prevailed. A Bargain is ttruck up with a great 
Bajha, to take the Opportunity of the Vizier's Abfence, and fill the Ears of the Grand 
Segnior, Sultan Morad, then on the Borders of Perfta, in order to the Siege of Bagdad, with 
the great Danger, that his Empire was in, from the Patriarch Cyril, a popular Man, of a vaft 
Intereft, and that kept, as this Informer pretended to be well afTur'd, a clofe Correfpondence 
with Clft-iftian Princes. This fucceeded according to their Hopes, and a written Order was 
immediately difpatcht for the taking away his Life : Which was prefently executed, with a 
Barbarity natural to fuch Inftruments. A Crew of Janizaries, feizing him in his Palace, car- 
ried him to Sea, as it were for another Banifliment ; where, in a Boat, amidft the moft devout 
Prayers to Almighty God, which on his Knees, with much Fervor and Conftancy, he pour- 
ed out, they reviled, buffeted, and then ftrangled him ; and having taken off his Clothes, 
caft him naked into the Water. His Body, being driven to the Shore, was there fecur'd, till 
fome of his Friends took Care to bury it. But the Rage of his Enemies would not afford it 
fuch a refting Place. They caufed it to be digg'd up, and caft again into the Sea. How- 
ever, a fecond Time it was taken up, by the Humanity of fome Fifhermen, and at the 
Charge of his Friends, buried in a Greek Chapel, on a little Ifland ; whence afterward, to fa- 
tisfy the People, when the Heat of Things was over, it was brought to Conjlantinople, and 
there decently interr'd. 

A s this venerable Man was thus murdered on the Water ; fo a little Time after, there was 
too much Reafon to conclude, that the choice Manufcripts of his Library were fwaljowed up 
by it. Thofe precious Wares were a very defirable Purchafe, to any that underftood the 
Worth of them ; and, it feems, the Dutch Refident had the good Fortune to find Means to 
obtain them. To make fure of which, againft the Endeavours of the new Patriarch, who 
began to make a diligent Enquiry after them, he fent them away, with ibme other of his 
Goods, by a Ship then returning to Holland. And tho' that Ve/Tel arrived fafely at the in- 
tended Harbour, the very next Day, by the Violence of an extraordinary Storm, it funk 
there, among many others, and the Cargo with it. That thofe Manuscripts, by thefe Means, 
were irrecoverably loft, I find by one of Mr. Pocock\ Letters, was believed at Conjlantinople. 
But whether the Report afterward appeared true or falfe, I have not had Opportunity of in- 
quiring. I fhall conclude tTie Account of Cyril with obferving, that Archhijhop Laud was 
aeeply concerned at the Misfortunes of the old Patriarch. In his Anfwer to Mr. Pocock, on 
that Head, he writes thus : ' For his SuccefTor, I hear no Good yet •, what it will pleafe God 

* to work by him I know not. It may be, he hath Ihewcd the Turk a Way, in the Death of 

* Cyril, how to deal with himfelf.' In this, the Archhijhop conjedured happily enough. For 
in lefs than a Year's Time, the new Patriarch, whofe wicked Intreigues hallened the Death 
of his Predeceflbr, was charged, by the Greeks, with Extortion, and other Wrongs done to 
their Church and its Privileges ; and upon a Hearing before the Bajha, he was convidled and 
Imprifoned, and the Greeks had Leave to choofe a new Patriarch ; upon which they eleded. 
Parthenius, Archbiftiop of Adrianople. 

The Patriarch Cyril having had a great Efteem for Mr. Pocock, it cannot be doubted, but 
that his Chaplains, and other Domefticks, treated him with much Refpedt, and did him all 
the good Offices they were capable of. This was particularly and certainly true of Nathanael 
Canopius, his ' Protofyncellus, a Cretan born, as was alfo the old Patriarch, and of equal 
good Inclinations towards the Religion eftablifhed in the Church of England. This Perjon, 
being afTur'd of commendatory Letters, both from the Englijh Ambrjfador and Mr. Pocock, had 
refolv'd to fpend fome Time in England ; there to improve himfelf in feveral Kinds of Learn- 
ing. And upon the Death of Cyril, what before was Matter of Choice to him, became alfo 
neceflary, to avoid the fame Ufage that he had met with. Taking, therefore, the firft Op- 
portunity of a Ship for his Paflage into England, he came to London ; where Archhijhop Laud 
received him with a great deal of Kindnefs, fent him to Baliol College in Oxford \ and there 
allowed him a comfortable Maintenance. Some Time after, he was removed from Baliol, and 
became one of the Petty-Canons of Chrijl -Church ; and living there feveral Years after Mr. Po- 
cock came back from his Travels, he met with fuitable Returns from him, for the Kindnefs he 
had fhewn him at Conjlantinople. And, to digrefs alfo here a little farther, with the Account 
of this good and learned Man, more Years would he have fpent on his Studies in Oxford, had 
not fuch a furious Zeal, as forced him from home, driven him alfo^/rom this Univerfity. It 
was not indeed that of Jefuits and Mahometans, but of a Sort of People, whom there will 

E be 

« The Syncelli, both in the Latin and Greek Churches, but principally in the latter, were Ecclefiafticks, that 
cohabited with Bifhops and Patriarchs in the fame Cell ; from whence they took their Name. They were inftitu- 
ted as Witnefles of the Bilhop's good Behaviour, and that they might profit by his holy Example. Of thefe the 
Chief was called the Protofyncellus. See Du Frefne. ^ Athen. Oxon. Vol II. p. 657. 



1+ ■ The L I F E of . 

be too mudi Occafion hereafter to mention, cali'd, Parliamentarian Vifitors. By thefe, in the 
Beginning of l^ov. 1648, being turn'd out of his Preferment at Chriji Church, he went into 
Holland s where he was reduc'd to fuch Extremities, that he was forced, in a Latin Addrefs, 
to petition the States for the ncceflary Expence of his own Paflage home, and the Carriage of 
his Books ''. After his Return, he was made BiJIiop of Smyrna, but what afterwards befel 
him, I know not. 

Another Perfon amongft the Creeks, who proved of fome Ufe to Mr. Pocock, was 
Georgia Cerigo, a Doftor of Phyfick, refiding at Galata. Befides the Skill he had in his Pro- 
feflion, he was a Man of confiderable Learning, efpecially in Aflronomy, and other Mathema- 
tical Sciences. And as he had the Command of a ga-at many Manufcripts, (o he would part 
•with fevcral of them to Mr. Pocock for his own Ufe, and that of his Friends, efpecially to re- 
ceive in Exchange for them, fome Weftern Rarities. This Perfon had alfo a Brother, who 
was a Scholar, and now concem'd with him in the fame learned Traffick. To whom may be 
added Segnior Dotninico and Conftantinus Duca, who are mentioned on the like Occafions. 

With this Affiftance, Mr. Pocock carried on his Bufinefs of procuring Manufcripts with 
good Succefs, purchafing a confiderable Number of fuch as were very ufeful •, but for the 
moft Part of no fmall Price ; for the Dearnefs of Books there he often complained of. Nei- 
ther were his Endeavours of this Kind confined to Conflantinople. For having frequent Op- 
portunities of fending to Aleppo, he often defir'd feveral of his old Friends there, to be dili- 
gent in taking up fuch as that Country afforded. The chief of thefe were Mr. fVilliam Cor- 
deroy and Mr. Richard Hill, Englifh Merchants •, and indeed the Service they did, not only to 
this learned Man, but to Learning itfelf, well deferves that they fhould be remembred ; efpe- 
cially the firft, who was alfo very ufeful in this Way to fome others '. By the Diligence of 
thefe, he got the Pe'rjian Gofpels ; which proved afterwards of good Ufe in the Edition of 
the Englifh Pohglott Bible. They waited a confiderable Time before they could buy thefe, firft 
from one, cali'd by them, Cogie Caudie, and after his Death from his Son, who would not be 
induc'd to fell this Book, till at length 'his Poverty forced him to it. And there being feveral 
Books, which he had defired, that were not to be gotten there, they fent a Perfon as far as 
Damafcus, on purpofe to feek them for him. Moreover, they recommended to him a Syrian 
Chriftian, cali'd, as they told him, Abdel Meffiah, and dwelling at Muffoloe, who was taking a 
Journey on fome Bufinefs to Conflantinople, as a Perfon very fit and willing to be employed, 
on his Return, in buying Books, which, being fent to Aleppo, they promifed to pay for, and 
to fee conveyed. Indeed, among the Chriftians of thofe Parts, there were feveral, with 
•whom he had been very intimate, and who now, and upon all Occafions, were ready to 
oblige him by any Thing they were capable of: Particularly the Patriarch of Antioch, and a 
Brother he had, who ftyl'd himfelf Thalge, the Scribe. The Patriarch had that Regard for 
Mr. Pocock, that he undertook to procure for him as many of the Books of Ephram, in the 
Original Syriack, as were to be had in that Country, in order to their being tranfcribed. And 
his Brother, who wrote a very fair Charadler '', and was very diligent in tranfcribing both Sy- 
riack and Arabick Books, engaged to furnifh him with true Copies of all the Parts, that were 
to be found, of that Father's Works. Several of thefe were fent to him at Conflantinople, by 
the Care of Mr. /////, which, I fuppofe, are now among his other Manufcripts, in the Bodleian 
Library. The reft too would have been finiftied, and fent in a little Time, had not that Work 
been interrupted by the Death of the Patriarch. It alfo appears, by a Letter of this Ihalge 
to Mr. Pocock, (wherein, with much Refpeft, he calls him his Father, his much defired chief 
Mafter, and honoured Dolior) that he undertook to procure for him whatever Hiftorical Ac- 
counts were to be obtained there, of Ephra-m's Life, Some few of thefe he inferted in that 
Epiftle, but whether any more were fent after that Time, I know not. Befides thefe Perfons, 
that were thus ferviceable to him, his Turkifh and Arabian Friends at Aleppo, gave him all the 
AflTiftance they could ; particularly, his old Sheich, or Doftor, who procur'd, I find, about 
this Time, a large Parcel of Books by his Direftion. And indeed the Kindnefs he ftill retain'd 
for him was fo great, that he was even tranfported with Joy, on the News that his beloved 
Scholar was again in the Eaft -, and refolved immediately on a Journey from Aleppo to the 
Port, on purpofe to fee him, which he perform'd accordingly, fome Time before Mr. Pocock 
left that Place. 

B E s I D E 5 the Society of fuch learned Men as Conflantinople itfelf afforded, Mr. Pocock had 
fometimes that of fome, who came from other Parts. Amongft thefe was Chriflianus Ravius, 
bom in, or near 1 1'rancfort on the Oder, and Brother to Joannes Ravius, a Teacher of Ara- 
bick for fome Time at Utrecht. He having a Dcfign to go into the Eaft, for his Improvement 
in the Languages of 'thofe Countries, and to colled Books, Gerard Voffms"', at his Requeft, 
recommended him diredly, in a Letter, to Mr. Pocock, and defired Archbifhop Laud to do the 
fame, which he did accordingly. And happy was it for Ravius, that he brought to Conflan- 
tinople 

« Ger. VolTii Eriftola:, Num. 518. •• Clnr. Viror. ad Voff. Epiftoli, Num. 220. ' Vid. Prxfat. in 

Eutych. Origines Jo. Seldcni, p. 25. * Vid. Pococki Praf.it. in Annalcs Kutychii. ' This is Mr. Smith's 

Account; which I know not how to reconcile with a Letter of Raviuh's to Mr. SelJen (among a valuable Collec- 
tion of that kind, now or lately in the Hands of the learned Dr. Mead} in which he iUles hiralcif Chriftianus Ra- 
vius Berlinas. " Clar. Wr. ad Ger. Voff. Epiftola;, Num. 288. 



Dr. EDWArD POCOCK. i^ 

tinople this laft Recommendation. For, as Mr. Pocock informed the Archbifhop, by Letter, 
< He came thither, without either Clothes befitting him (of which he faid he had been robbed 
' in France) or Money, or Letters of Credit, to any Merchant. He had Letters of Rccom- 

* mendation from fome of the States to the Butch Ambaflador, who was departed before his 

* Arrival. Sir Sackvil Crow, the Englijh AmbafTador, finding that he brought the Archbifljop's- 

* Recommendation, generoufly took him into his Houfe and Proteftion, and gave him all 

* due Furtherance -, requiring of him that, if Occafion fo prefent itfelf, England may enjoy 

* the Benefit of what Time he ihall here employ, in the Study of the EaUern Tongues. His 

* Defire, Mr. Pocock adds, feems to be, to be employed in fetting forth Books in the Arahick 

* Language, and to be Overfeer of the Prefs in that Kind, for which he would be very fitting.' 
Ravins afterwards return'd with a " Colle(5tion of four hundred Manufcripts in feveral Langua- 
ges (a Catalogue of which was printed at Leyden) and became of fome Fame in the World, 
for Eajlern Learning. • 

Bu T of all the learned Men that did, or could come to Cottftantinopk, no one was fo wel- 
come to Mr. Pocock, as his dear Friend, Mr. John Greaves, who having difpatched thofe Af- 
fairs, which obliged him to flop in Italy, as has been before mentioned, arriv'd at the Port, 
probably, fome Time in December, i6^y. Having been recommended, as well as Mr. Pocock, 
to the Englijh AmbafTador, by the Archbijhop, he found there the fame kind Reception. And 
with the Affiftance, and under the Protedion of that honourable Perfon, he made thofe Ob- 
fervations, and did thofe other Things, which the learned Writer of his Life ° has promis'd to 
oblige the World with. But befides the Enquiries he was concerned in, as an Antiquary, a na- 
tural Philofopher, and a Mathematician, his Endeavours were much the fame with Mr. Pocock\ 
in the Matter of Languages and Manufcripts. The Tongues, which he now principally applied 
his Mind to get Perfedion in, were Arahick and Perftan ; and with what Succefs, his immor- 
tal Writings have fufKeiently difcovered -, and as he was unwearied in fearching after rare and 
curious Books, fo he fpared no Cofl in the Purchafe of them. 

We have obferved before, that Mr. Greaves'^ original Defign of travelling was to vifit 
Egypt, as it is probable Mr. Pocock^ was to refide at Conftantinople. The latter was never 
fond of travelling, and he had now a particular Call to flay where he was. Sir Peter IFich's 
Lady was gone for England, himfelf intending fpeedily to follow her -, and with her went his 
Chaplain. But Sir Peter was obliged to ftay much longer than he defigned, by Reafon of the 
Grand Segnior and Grand Fizier's Abfence, in the Perftan War. For till their Return, he 
could not obtain his Recredential Letters ; and wanting a Chaplain for that Seafon, which 
lafled a full Year, Mr. Pocock defired the Archbifhop's Leave to fupply that Place, and ob- 
tained it. Mr. Greaves, who, as is faid above, arrived at Galata in Dec. 1637, intended, 
the following Spring, to {^X. out for Alexandria ; but delighted with the Company of his dear 
Friend, or finding more Employment about Manufcripts, than he expeded, at Conjiantinople, 
he did not leave that Place, at foonefl, till the latter End of Augufi, 1638. About which 
Time, finding a Ship bound for thofe Parts, he fet out, and after fpending fome little Time in 
the Way, in the Ifle of Rhodes, he arrived at Alexandria, towards the Middle of October, 
where he refided for many Months, and from whence that Letter, full of due Refped and 
Reverence, was fent by him to Archbifhop Laud, which became, among many other Things 
of like Sort, one of the Crimes with which he was charged, on his 'Trial in the Houfe of 
Lords, and which gain'd to Mr. Greaves a lafting Teflimony of his Worth and Learning, de- 
liver'd in that Place by that great Prelate ■■. 

Mr. Pocock having now the whole Bufinefs of procuring Books at Conftantinople on his 
Hands, made ufe of the Diligence that was neceflary, to ferve Mr. Greaves, as well as him- 
felf. And fome Time after, he found Caufe for the Increafe of it in both Refpeds, having 
rcceiv'd an Account from him, of the ill Succefs of his Endeavours of this Kind in Egypt. 
For he afTur'd him, that notwithftanding all the Search he had made after Manufcripts, for 
himfelf and him, both at Alexandria and Cairo (where he ventur'd openly to go to the Bezar, 
and to many of the Moors Houfes) he could find, befides common Things, nothing but a few 
old Papers, or rotten and imperfect Books. Several Letters, complaining of this Difappoint- 
ment, he fent to Mr. Pocock, firfl from Alexandria, and afterward from Leghorn, wherein he 
prefs'd him to do his utmofl, for fupplying this Defed, at the Place where he now was, be- 
ing, he faid, as he found by Experience, the Sea into which all the lejfer Rivers had emptied 
themfelves, all Books of any Value, in other Parts, having been taktn up and brought to the Port. 
He earneftly defir'd him, therefore, to make a due Ufe of the Opportunity, he now had in 
his Hands, not only by folliciting the Affiflance of their common Friends at Galata, but 
even by going over the Water himfelf to the Bezars, and Shops at Stambol-, which he fup- 
pos'd might be done without Hazard, provided a due Caution were ufed about fuch Books as relate 
to Religion. He intreated him alfo to make a further Enquiry after the Libraries of private Men, 
and to attend to the Return of the then vidorious Army from Perfia, which, perhaps, among 
other Spoils, might bring with them many Books in the Language of that Country. 

3 ^^' 

" Mr. Pococlr, in a Letter to Mr. Selden (penes D. D. Mead, uti fupra) fpeaking of this Colle<flion, fays, • It is 
» made, not only in Turky, but more in London, of Books, gotten by the Direftion of others, by Merchants who, 
' by Reafon of the Difturbance of the Times, knew not how to difpofe of them.' " Vita Jo. Gravii, p. 12. 

» Hift. of Troubles and Trial of Archbifhop Laud, p. 384. 



t 



i6 The L I F E of 

B E s I D E s the DIreftions Mr. Greaves had left with Mr. Pocock^ at Cot^amtncple, when he 
went thence, he now alfo fent him a further Account of fuch Manufcripts, as he moft defir'd 
to have; and perhaps the learned Reader will not think it tedious to take a fhort View ot 
fome of the Particulars. Very follicitous, I find, he was for the /ijironomicaly and other fVorks 
of that Indian Prince, Ulug Beg, Nephew to Tamer Ian the Great. With the Help of two or 
three Copies cf thefe, one of which the Lord Ambnffador had promifed to buy for him, he 
hop'd, he faid, having made a Latin Tranflation out of Pcrfian, to publifh the Whole at his 
Return into England. Which Work he, in fome Mcafure, perform'd, dedicating one Part of 
it jointly to Mr. Pocock, and his own Brother, Mr. Thomas Greaves. He was not lefs earneft 
for the Geography of Abulfeda, Prince of Hamah, an Arabick Writer, Part of which, in like 
Manner, he afterward tranflated and publiflied. The Alcoran he defir'd, not only in the ori- 
cinal Arabick, but alfo in Turkijh and Perfian, with fuch Glojjes and Commentaries relating to 
It, as could be found. Alfo Avicenna de Animd, and any other Part of him, that was to be 
had in Perjian ; Al battany, the Planifphere and Geography of Ptolemy, Gulijlan in Arabick 
and Mircondus in Perfian. And tho' he nam'd thefe, and fome other Books, it was not his 
Defign that none elfe Ihould be procur'd for him. For he defir'd that Mr. Pocock, who very- 
well knew his Studies, and what would be of Ufe to them, would endeavour to get all the 
Manufcripts, he (hould think good, in Perfian, Turkijh, and Arabick, efpecially, fuch as relate 
to Hijlory, Philofophy, Phyftck, Chymijiry, Algebra and Mathematicks. And as for Mathema- 
ticians, that he would carefully remember to enquire after the Ancients, that have been tranf- 
lated out of Greek, and either are not yet extant in Europe, or elfe imperfed'y publifiied. 
After all, he beg'd him not to be forgetful of feveral Greek Manufcripts, which Dr. Ceriga 
had promifed to procure. 

Mr. Pocock's Commiflion from the Archbifhop, was more general. He left it to his own 
Difcretion, to procure fuch Books in the Eafiern, or other learned Languages, as he (hould. 
judge proper for an Univerfity Library, and in fuch Places, where he thought they might 
moft eafily be found. But in April, A. D. 1638, at the Motion oi Archbifhop UJher, he re- 
commended to him a more particular Method. ' The Primate, fays he, in a Letter of the Date 

* laft mentioned, is perfuaded that the Patriarch Cyril can procure Clemens Alexandrinus's Hy- 

* potypofes. It were wonderful well worth the getting, if it might be had. But, for my own 

* Part, I do not think the Patriarch hath it. Yet you may try and hearken after it, that 

* I may be able to give the Primate the better Satisfaftion. The Primate writes further to me, 

* that Greece having been often gleaned, the likelieft Way left for good Greek Manufcripts, is, 

* for you to ftrike over, from the Place where you are, to Natalia, and fee, what that and 

* Mount Athos will afford you, whilft you are fo near them ; which yet I muft leave to your 

* own Conveniences.* In Anfwer to this, Mr. Pocock writes, Aug. 18, giving an Account of 
the Patriarch Cyril's unfortunate End, which prevented his applying to him for the Hypoty- 
pofes of Clemens. He gives alfo the Archbifhop an Account of the Greek Books at Mount A- 
thos ; wherein the Patriarch of Alexandria feems to have promifed his AfTiftance, if not alfo 
to accompany Mr. Pocock thither. But he was hindered from doing either, and moreover in 
Danger, for not confenting to anathematize good old Cyril. Which, to ufe Archbijhop Laud's 
own ExprefTion, in his next Letter to Mr. Pocock, is fuch a Piece of Charity, as Barbarity itfelf 
is fear ce acquainted with. It appears, from the Courfe of the Correfpondence, that the Pa- 
triarch of Alexandria, in the End, loft his Life, and, as was fuppofed, thro' the Contrivance 
of the new Patriarch of Conftantinople, who had ferved his own Predeceflbr fo before. The 
Death of two great and good Patriarchs, contrived to gratify his own Ambition and Malice, 
was a heavy Charge upon the new Patriarch. And as Men are apt to form fevere Judgments 
againft the Authors of Mifchief, to thofe in their own Circumftances, it might have been ex- 
pefted, that Archbijhop Laud would not have difcover'd the leaft Approbation of that Mercy,, 
which fpared the Life of the new Partriarch, after his Fall, and condemn'd him to Imprifon- 
ment, rather to prevent his Death from the Fury of the Multitude, than as a Punifhment. 
But to fhew how little the Archbifhop favoured fanguinary Methods, tho' ftill calumniated on 
this Score, by his Enemies, hear his Chrifiian and Temperate Expreffion. * I heard, fays he, 

* (in a Letter to Mr. Pocock, dated, April 8, 1640.) before your Letters came to me, that the 

* Patriarch, who fucceeded Cyril, was like to fuffer. And certainly he deferv'd it, and that 

* in a feverer Manner, than is fallen upon him. Tet I cannot but fay there is Charity, and pcr- 
' baps fVifdom, in preventing the Execution, that might otherwife have fallen upon him.' 

And now to return to Mr. Greaves. It will not, perhaps, be thought a very great Inde- 
cency, that the Affairs .of a Perfon, who had the largeft Share in Mr. Pocock's Friendfhip, take 
up fo much Room in this Account of his Life. I fhall therefore let the Reader know a little 
further how Mr. Greaves employ'd himfelf in Egypt, and what Requefts he fent thence to 
Mr. Pocock ', befides thofe already mentioned. He was now, as a very learned Perfon hath 
obferved % travelling in that Country, with Defigns as great as thofe of Pythagoras, Plato, or 
any other of the antient Greek Philofophers, who went thither in the Search of Knowledge, 
And as the Methods he made ufe of to obtain it, were much more exaft than theirs, fo his 
Induftry was indefatigable. He made a CoUeftion of an infinite Mafs and Variety of 

Hiero' 
^ Vita Joan. Gravii, p. 7. 



Dr. EDWARD POCOCK. if 

Hiercghphicks ' ; confidered all the Rarities he met with in Archite£lure ; took a moll accurate 
Account of all the Monuments of Antiquity, and the feveral Infcriptions he found ; and dili- 
gently enquir'd into all the Works of Nature, which feem rare and wonderful. Twice he 
went from Alexandria to Cairo, and both Times meafured the three famous Pyramids, which 
are near that Place, and that with an Exadtnefs incomparably beyond whatever had been at- 
tempted there before ; ufing, for that Purpofe, befides other Inftruments, a Radius, ten Foot 
long, moft accurately divided. And as he afcended by the Degrees on the Out-fide, to the 
Top of the greateft Pyramid ; fo by the narrow PaJJage, on the North Side of it, he entered 
to the very Center of it : Where, taking with the utmoft Nicenefs, all the Dimenfions of the 
fpacious Marble Chamber, in the midft of which is the Tomb of Cheops, or Chemmis, the fup- 
pofed Founder, he fixed a Standard, for adjufting Meafures to all Pofterity. An Expedient, 
much defired by learned Men, but never taken Care of by any before him \ At Cairo, no- 
thing rare or curious could efcape him, as appears from his Account of hatching Chicken there 
in Ovens, printed long' after his Death, by the Care of his great Friend, Sir George Ent '. 
Neither was he difcouraged from travelling many Miles in the Libyan Deferts, partly to view 
the feveral Pyramids, that ftajid there, but principally to fee the Mummies, feveral of which he 
opened and accurately examin'd, taking exad Notice, as of the Subftance of each, fo of the 
Make of the Coffin, the Linen Ribbands or Bandages about the Body, and the Scroles, full of 
Myjiical Charatters, that were fattened to it ; and concluding from thefe, as well as the Meafures 
of the Marble Tomb in the Pyramid, afore-mentioned, that Nature doth not indeed languilh in 
her Produdions, as fome imagine, but that the Men and Women of this Age, are of the 
fame Stature with thofe who lived near three thoufand Years ago. And as fuch Enquiries 
were his Bufinefs by Day ; fo when the Weather proved clear, he allowed himfelf very little 
Sleep at Night -, making accurate Obfervations, wherever he came, of many Phenomena m the 
Heavens, efpecially, fuch as were ferviceable to redlify Geography, by giving the true Longi- 
tude and Latitude of Places. In one of Mr. Greaves's Journeys, from Cairo to Alexandria, 
between Rcfetto and Alexandria, an Accident befel him, which might have proved of dan- 
gerous Confequence. He, with fome Englifi and French, fell into the Hands of the Arabs, 
who robbed them. But Mr. Greaves's Lofs was inconfiderable, if we except that of a fair 
Manufcript of Euclid, in Arabick, with Vowels. This happened to him in January, 1638-9, 

Of thefe Employments in Egypt, Mr. Greaves, from Time to Time, gave Mr. Pocock an 
Account, and purfuant to the fame Defigns, he requefted his Afliftance in fome Matters of the 
like Nature, to be tranfafted at Conftantinople. He defired him to be careful in procuring for 
him feveral Obfervations, efpecially of Eclipfes, which were to be made by Dr. Cerigo, at 
Galata, by a Ragufa DoAor, who went with the Army to Bagdat, and by a certain Conful, 
of his Acquaintance, at Smyrna > alfo to confult a Manufcript, not to be bought, in the 
Hands of Segnior Dominico, concerning the Topography cf Egypt ; and to tranfcribe thence feve- 
ral Things, particularly fuch as related to the Feddanes, which is the Meafure, by which that 
Country is divided. Moreover, he recommended to his particular Care fome Marble Stones, 
having Infcriptions, which were to be fent, by the general Ships, into England ; and alfo re- 
quefted him to be at the Pains of noting fome Things, that had been omitted by him at Con- 
Jlantinople, concerning the Compofition of their Ink, the Turkifh Way of writing, their Man- 
ner of letting Houfes, and making Contrads. Laftly, he defir'd Mr. Pocock, if he could 
poflibly, to meafure the Weft End of S. Sophia, very exaftly, with a very fine fmall Wire of 
Brafs, or Iron. He had done it himfelf with a Line of Packthread, which, becaufe it fome- 
times ftretches about half a Foot, he could not depend upon. ' You muft, adds he, with 
' many Circumftances, defcribe the Place which you meafure, that if any ftiould defire to do 
* it hereafter, they may take the very fame without erring.' So wonderfully exadt was this 
great and good Man, to give Information in fuch Things, that might be depended on. 

Besides all this, there was yet another Bufinefs, which he requefted of Mr. Pocock, iind 
that was, his Examination of a Latin Ode, lately made by him on a Victory, obtain'd by the 
Great Duke of Tufcany, over the united Strength of the Corfairs of Barbary. This Ode, he 
defir'd him carefully to perufe, and to fend his Opinion of it in a Letter, that might meet him 
on his Return to Italy, where he defign'd to make ufe of it. And the End, he faid, which 
he had in compofing it was, befides the doing an Adl of Gratitude for the like Honour, lately 
done by one of that Court to his Majejly of England, by this Means, to gain Admiflion to the 
Medicean Library, which he had found, by Experience, when formerly at Florence, to be fliut 
to Strangers. A Library, famous for a great Variety of excellent Greek Manufcripts ; from 
one of which the genuine Epiftles of S. Ignatius have, by the Care of Ifaac Vofftus, been 
publifti'd to the World, after they had been loft for fome Ages. Three Copies of this Ode 
he fent to Mr. Pocock, for fear of Mifcarriage, two of which, I find, came to his Hands. It 
is addrefled, Sereniffimo, Potentiffimoque Principi, Magna Hetruria Duci, and begins in 
this Manner : 

Tyrrheni Domitor Maris, Metufque 
Claffis Barbaric<e, nimis potentis. 

F Mr. 

' Mr. John Greaves's Pyramidographia, p. 142. ' Pyramidographia, p. 94. • Philofophical Tranlac- 

tions, Num. 137. p. 923. 




i8 The L I F E of 

Mjl. pGcoci's Friends, about this Time, viz. 1639. began to prefs him, by Lettersj to 
think of returning home. Mr. Greaves, from Alexandria., in his laft Letters, had advifed 
him, not to devote bimfelf fo mud to his Oriental Studies, as to forget bis Hopes, and bis For- 
tunes at bmne. And Mr. Charles Fettiplace^ a Turkey Merchant, refiding in LoiuIoh^ (who 
took Care to receive his Money from the Arcbbijhop, and the College, and to give him Bills fop 
it at Ccnftantinople) acquainting him, in a Letter, with fome Preferments lately liefcowcd on 
his Friend, Mr. Thomas Greaves, had defir'd him to confider, that his great Patron was imrtal, 
like other Alen, and that therefore, he fhould by no Means ahfent himfelf unnecejjarily, and lofe 
tbt Opportunities of improving his Favour to the befi Advantage. The Archbijhap alfo, in many 
fucceflive Letters, had been quickening him in this RefpeA. In one, dated, March 4, 
16^9-40, ' lain now going, fays he, to fettle my Arabick Lofture for ever upon the f/;//- 

* verjits. And I would have your Name in the Deed, which is the beft Honour I can do for 

* the Service.' Mr. Poceck excufed himfelf for fome Time, as waiting the Coming of his old 
Arab from Aleppo, writing, that he purpofed to fet forward for England, fome lime the foJ- 
k>wing Summer. And with this, the Archbifhop refted fatisfied. Accordingly, in Augi^ 
1640, he went on board the Margaret, after near four Years Stay at Conflantinople, which had 
coft him between five and fix hundred Pounds, 

He did not defign to return to England entirely by Sea, but rather to make his Way 
through Part of Italy and France. It appears, that he intended, before his fetting out, to 
land" at Leghorn. For he had provided himfelf, before he left Conflantinople, with Letters of 
Credit to fome Merchants in that City. That he was at Genoa, he would often tell his 
Friends, relating to them fome- what, that pafled there j which well deferves a very ferious 
Reflexion. During fome Stay he made in that Place, there was on a certain Day, a religious 
Prccfffteu, which went thro' the Streets with all the ceremonious Pomp, that is ufual on fuch 
Occafions. And as he ftood in a convenient Place, to take a View of it, he was furpriz'd 
with the Difcourfe of fome Perfons, at a little Diftance, who talked in Arabick. They were 
a Couple of Slaves in Chains, who being confident, that no Body could underftand the Lan- 
guage they fpake in, exprefs'd their Opinions of what they faw, with all Manner of Freedom. 
And as they rallied the Pageantry tlwy beheld, with a great deal of Wit, fo from it they 
took Occafion to ridicule Chriflianity itfelf, and to load it with Contempt. So unhappy has 
the Church of Rome been in her Pra<ftices on the Chriftian Religion: For whilft, to ferve 
ibme worldly Defigns, ftie hath laboured to engage the Minds of the vulgar Sort, by empty- 
Shews, and fuperftitious Solemnities, ihe hath, by thofe corrupt Additions, expos'd what is 
infinitely rational, wife and good, to the Laughter and Reproach of Infidels, who will not 
take the Pains to diftinguifh in the Profsflorji Qi Cbrifiimty, . what hath, indeed, the Warrant 
of the Gofpcl, from what hath not. :. .'-, . /of; . \. 

A LITTLE after Chriflmas, he came to Paris, where, <ltMibtlefs, he converfed with fe- 
veral eminent Men, tho' no Account is to be met with oi any Conference he had with more 
than two. One of thefe was Gabriel Sionita, the famous Maronite, who then refided at that 
Place. With him he had much Difcourfe about Oriental Learning, and, without queftion, 
was very welcome to him, not only becaufe of his great Skill in thofe Matters, and the very 
oonAderabJe Pains he had formerly taken about the Syriack Epiftles, but for the honourable 
Mention he had made of this very learned Man, in the Preface to that Work. The other, 
■whotn I am alfo aflur'd he vifited there, was the moft leariied Hugo Grotius, theti Ambaffador 
at the Court of France, from the Crown of Sweden, to whom he could not but be very ac- 
ceptable, as upon feveral Accounts, fo particularly, on tliat of the Relation he ftood in to a 
Perfon, for whom Grotius had all imaginable Efteem and Reverence, the Lord Archbiffjop cf 
Canterbury. And doubtlefs the Troubles, which had lately begun to fall on that^r<rfl/ Pre- 
late, and the black Cloud, which now hung over the Church of England in general, were the 
Subjeft oi no fmall Part of their Cojiverfation. 

But there were other Things, about which he was willing to difcourfe with this great Man. 
Mr. Pocock, while he continued in the Eafl, had often lamented the Infatuation, which fo 
great a Part of the World lay under, being inflav'd to the foolifh Opinions of tkit grand Im- 
foftor, Mahomet. He had obferv'd, in many that profefs'd his Religion, much Juftice, and 
Guidor, and Love, and other excellent Qualities, which feem'd to prepare them for the King- 
ian of God ; and therefore he could not but perfuade himfelf, that, were the facred Doftrines 
of the Gofpel duly propofed to them, not a few might open their Eyes to difcern the Truth 
of it. Something, therefore, he refolv'd to do towards lb defirable an End, as he fhould 
meet with convenient I.eafure \ and, he could not think of any Thing more likely to prove 
ufcful in this Refpcd, than the tranflating into Arabick, the general Language of the Eafi, an 
admirable Difcourfe, tj>at had been publiJh'd in Latin, fome Years before, concerning the Truth 
of Chrifiianity. With this Defign he now acquainted Hugo Grotius, the excellent Author of 
that Treatife " ; who received the Propofal with much Satisfadiion, and gave hira a great deal 
of Encouragement to purfue it. And Mr. Pocock's Aim in this Matter being only the Glory 
of God, and the Good of Souls, he made no Scruple at all to mention, to that learned Man 
fome Things, towards the End of his Book, which he could not approve, viz, certain Opi- 
nions, 
■ Grotii Epiftol.-e Giilielmo Fratri, Num. 534. 



Dr. EDWARD POCOCK. 



n 



nions, which, tho' they are commonly, in Europe^ charg'd on the Followers of Mahomet, have 
yet no Foundatbn in any of their authentick Writings, and are fuch as they themfelves ar? 
r^dy, on all Qccafions, to difclaim. With which Freedom of Mr. Pocock, Grotius was fa 
far from being difpleas'd, that he heartily thank'd him for it ; and ga^'e him Authority, in thd 
Vei-fion he intended, to expunge and alter whatfoever he fliould think fit. 

Upon this Occ^Uion, thefe two learned Men entered into a long Difcourfe, concerning the 
State of Things in the Eaji, and the Reafons why the holy Religion of Jefus Chriji was fo far 
from gaining Ground in thofe Countries, that it was treated there, by Unbelievers, with great 
Contempt. Mr. Pocock mentioned feveral Things, which he obferved to be thus fatally mtf- 
chievous : But amongft them all, he told him, there was nothing more fo, than the many 
Scbifms and Divi/ims of thofe that own the Name of ChriJ}, who ought to be as one Fold un- 
der one Shepherd. As Grotius very eafily believ'd what Mr. Pocock thus reported ; fo it infpir'd 
him with new Refolution, and Courage, to purfue the Defign he was engag'd in, to promote^ 
as far as he was able,, the Peace and Union cf the Chrijtian World. A glorious Undertaking, 
and fuch as highly deferves the moft zealous Endeavours, and the moft ftrvent Prayers of all 
that love the Lord Jefus Chriji with Sincerity ; tho' fome of the Meafures, which were followed 
by that mofl; learned Man, are not to be juitified. For, tho' we are to do what lies in us for 
the Sake of Cbriftian Peace, we are not to yield up the Ti'ulh, even for obtaining that mod 
dcfirable Bleffing : We muft not, we cannot, part with Truth. 

In aihort Time Mr. Pocock left Paris^ and came for England; where taking London in -his 
Way to Oxford, he found, what he had heard feveral Reports of before, namely, a great 
Change of Affairs fmce he left the Nation, and a fad Face of Things. A turbulent Party 
imong the Scots, who, when upon very groundkfs Pretences they had arm'd themfelves the 
laft Year, had met with all the Kindnefs and Satisfal6tion, which a very gracious Prince 
couki give than ; renewing their Sedition, had now invaded the Northern Parts of the King- 
dom. And in the Parliament, which was conven'd to find out the proper Means of fending 
thefc diforderly, and ungrateful People home, too many there were, who were fo far from 
promoting a juft Defence againft them, that fome of them approved, and others refolv'd to 
make ufc of their Defigns. This unhappy Correfpondence between thofe that rais'd thefe 
Troubles, and feveral of them that were now call'd upon, as only able to quiet them, difap- 
pomted ail the peaceable Endeavours of a pious and good King, and even began to fhake the 
very Foundations of the Kingdom. The Thing that was now firft, and moft violently attack'd, 
was the EccleJ^aflical Government, eflabKfh'd by Latv. This Hierarchy, as it is agreeable to the 
Word of God, and warranted by the conftant PraAices of the Church of Chrift, in all Places, 
and at ail Times ; fo it had, for fourfcore Years, reckoning from the Beginning of Queen E- 
tizabetifi Reigu, flood both the Gloiy and the Defence of the Church of England. And, as a 
learned Gentleman was pleae'd to exprefs his Senfe of the Matter ^ upon the Account of its 
Antiquity alone, it muft be concluded now to need Repair. But repairing (m- mending was but 
a mean Attempt, for the violent Zeal of fome others. Wherefore they were for making an 
utter DeftruAion of all the Roots and Branches of it, even a total Abolition. That this laft 
Couric might be taken, was earneftly defir'd '' by fuch as, doubtlefs, had made a deep Search 
into the Nature of the Thing, to wit, fome Thoufands of Tradefmen, in and about the City 
of London, who were ready alfo to demand, what they thus requefted, at the Doors of the 
P^rJiameMt. And thefe were foon feconded by five and twenty hundred Kentifhmen ^, who 
bad found, by Experience, as they faid in their Petition, Epifcopacy to he very dangerous, both to 
Church and Conimonwealth. The Ecclefiaftical Government itfelf being thus ftruck at, it could 
not be expefted, that the Governors ftiould efcape. Accordingly, the chief of thefe, the 
Archbijhop ef Canterbury, was early accufed of High-treafon ; and feveral of thofe, who had 
been juftly jxtniflied in the Courts wherein he was concerned, for feditious and immoral Pradi- 
ces, were kt loofe againft him, to worry him even to Death. 

The Jrcbkjhep, having been ten Weeks in the Cuftody of Mr. Maxwell, Gentleman Ufher 
ef the Black-rod, waiting for the Charge, which was to be brought up againft him, was com- 
mitted to the Tower, March i, 1640, about which Time, or a little after, Mr. Pocock came 
to Londm. And he thought himfelf under the fame Obligation to go and pay his Duty to his 
Patron, now in this Confinement, as if he had been ftill one the Height of his former Profpe- 
rity, either at his Palace at Lambeth, or his Lodgings in Whitehall. Being admitted to his 
Prefence, doubtlefs, the vaft Difference of Circumftances, which he now beheld, from thofe 
he had formerly feen him in, could not but fill his Mind with the juft Senfe of the Uncertainty 
of human Greatnefs, and the Tranfitorinefs of worldly Honour and Power, even when eftab- 
liftied upon Innocence and Virtue. He now faw a Man, who, befides his high Station in the 
Church, had been for many Years the Favourite of a great and good Prince ; a Man, whofe 
Advice was moft followed in Affairs of State, which he ftill gave, according to his beft Wif- 
dom, and with undoubted Integrity ; a Man, whofe Requefts to the Throne, were feJdom or 
never denied •, for it was manifeft, that he managed no private Intereft for himfelf or his Rela- 

3 tions ; 

» Mr. Grimflan's Speech in the Houfe of Oommons, Feb. 9, 1640. Nalfon's Colfeft. Vol. I. p. 771. t Lon- 
don Petition, prefented, Dec. 1 1. NalC Coll. Vol. I. p. 666. ' Kentifti Petition, prefcnted, Jan 13. Naif. 
Coll. Vol. I. p. 72°- "" 



40 The L I F E of 

tions i but had long devoted all that he had to the publick Good : This Man, Mr. Pocock now 
. faw fallen from that Eminence, on which he ftood, become the Objed of popular Hatred and 
Contempt, reproached, accus'd, and fhut up in Prifon, there to expeft the bitter EfFefts of 
the Malice of his Enemies, and the Madnefs of the People. 

The /Ircbbi/hop receiv'd Mr. Pocock with many Expreflions of a verj' great Efteem, and 
a moft hearty Kindncfs i he thank'd him for the Pains he had been at, in procuring fo many 
curious Manufcripts for him in the Eaji, and for the feveral Accounts of Things, which, from 
Time to Time, he had fent him thence •, he told him, that he very well knew, what that Di- 
ligence, together with an extraordinary Piety and Learning, deferved from him -, that he had 
firmly purpofed to make a Juft Acknowledgment of all, by fome confiderable Preferment on 
his Return \ and that the Impoflibility of doing it, which he was now reduced to, was fuch 
an Addition to his other Afflidlions, as very fenfibly touch'd him. Mr. Pocock^ who could 
not but be much afFefted with fo obliging a Difcourfe, return'd him I'hanks, both- for the 
Favours, he had already conferr'd on him, and for thofe which he had further defigned for 
him. And lamenting the unjuft Ufage, he had met with, and the Imprifonment he now fuf- 
fcr'd, he delivered to him a Meflage relating to both, which Hugo Grotius had charged him 
with, when he waited on him at Paris. It was the humble Advice and Requeft of that 
learned Man, that bis Grace would find out fome Way, if poflible, to efcape out of the 
Hands, he was now in, and pafs to fome Place beyond the Seas, there to preferve himfelf for 
better Times, at lead to obtain fome prefent Security from the Malice of his bitter Enemies, 
and the Rage of a deluded People. This, Mr. Pocock told him, that excellent Perfon had 
eameftly prefs'd him to move his Grace to, as foon as he fhould be able to have Accefs to 
him ; and he hoped the Thing would appear fo reafonable to him, that he would negleft no 
Means or Opportunity that might be ofFer'd, to put it in Execution. 

T H o' this was a Courfe, which had been lately followed by fome other great Men, parti- 
cularly, by the Lord Keeper of the great Seal, and by one of the principal Secretaries of State ; 
the former having withdrawn himfelf into Holland, the latter into France ; the Archbifhop, as 
foon as it was thus propofed to him, declared his Refolution againft it. I am obliged, faid he, 
to my good Friend Hugo Grotius, for the Care he has thus exprefs'd of my Safety -, but I can, 
by no Means, be perfuaded to comply with the Counfel he hath given me. An Efcape, in- 
deed, is feafible enough ; yea, 'tis, I believe, the very Thing, which my Enemies defire ; 
for every Day an Opportunity for it is prefented to me, a Paflage being left free, in all Likeli- 
hood, for this Purpole, that I fhould endeavour to take the Advantage of it. But they fhall 
not be gratified by me, in what they appear to long for ; I am almoft feventy Years old ; and 
fhall 1 now go about to prolong a miferable Life, by the Trouble and Shame of Flying ? And 
were I willing to be gone, whither fhould I fly ? Should I go into France, or any other 
Popifh Country, it would be to give fome feeming Ground to that Charge of Popery, they 
have endeavoured, with fo much Induftry, and fo little Reafon, to faflen upon me. But if I 
fhould get into Holland, I fhould expofe myfelf to the Infults of thofe Se(5taries there, to 
whom my Charafter is odious, and have every Anabaptifi come and pull me by the Beard. 
No, I am refolved not to think of Flight ; but, continuing where I am, patiently to expeft 
and bear, what a good and a wife Providence hath provided for me, of what Kind foever 
it fhall be. 

Havi N c thus difcharg'd his Duty to his great Patron, Mr. Pocock haflened away from 
the Tumults and Noife of London, to feek for Peace and Reft at Oxford ; where he had the Sa- 
tisfaftion to find, that his Arabick Le£iure would no longer depend on the Uncertainties of 
an aged Life, purfued too by the moft induftrious Malice, being now fettled to Perpetuity. 
For the good Archbifhop, forefeeing the Storm, that was about to fall upon himfelf, had lately 
fent a Grant, to that Univerftty, of about a fifth Part of his Lands, lying in Bray, within the 
County of Berks, for the Maintenance of this Ledhire for ever : The other four Parts being 
likewife fettled on the Town of Reading, the Place of his Nativity, for charitable Ufes there. 
The Grant from the Archbifhop to the Univerftty, of Sudd's Paftures, at Bray, aforefaid, for 
the perpetual Endowment of an Arabick Leiiure, bore date June 6, in the 1 6th of Charles I. 
1640, and was regiftered in Chancery, the ?8th of the fame Month. The Grant was not di- 
reft, but conveyed thro' the Hands of two Truftees, viz. Adam Fortefcue and IVilliam Dell, 
both of Lambeth, Efquires. And, I fuppofe, the Reafons of conftituting this Truft was, 
that the Grant running to the Chancellor, &c. the Arcbbifljop, who was then Chancellor, muft 
otherwife have granted to himfelf. The Truftees devifed the Paftures above mentioned, to 
the Univerfity of Ox/or^, June i'^, 1640. 

O N the 6th of November following, the munificent Archbifhop made another Prefent of Ma- 
nufcripts to the Vniverjily of Oxford ; Six of which were Hebrew, Eleven Greek, Thirty Four 
Arabick, Twenty One Latin, Two Ilalick, and Two Engli/h, befides Five Perfick, one of 
which, written in very large Folio, contained the Hiftory of the World, from the Creation, to 
the End of the Saracenick Empire, in all Eighty One. Together with thefe he fent a moft af- 
feftionate Letter, deploring the Iniquity of the Times, and the State of the Church -, con- 
cluding, with moft ardent Prayers for the Peace and Profperity of that Univerfity. This Let- 
ter was dated, AW. 6, juft fijur Days after the firft Sitting of the long Parliament, and lefs 

than 



Dr. EDWARD PO COCK:. 21 

than fix Weeks before thz Archhifhop''s Commitment ta'the Black-rod. This Donation is the 
more pertinent to our main Story, as it is probable, that moft of thefe Manufcripts had been 
procured by Mr. Focock, and his dear Friend, Mr. John Greaves. 

M R . Pncock, now at Oxford, applied himfelf, with as much Chearfulnefs as thofe melan- 
choly Times would admit of, not only to the Duties of his Lefture, but to feveral other De- 
iigns, both in Arabick and Rabbinical Learning. And, indeed, it was impoflible for him to 
do otherwife, if he would now anfwer the Expedation which every Body had of him. His 
great Abilities were very well known, before he went from England ; and it could not but be 
concluded, that in the many Years he had fpent in the Eaji, he had made a vaft Improvement 
in all the Learning of thofe Countries. Wherefore, upon his coming home, great Matters 
were expefted from him, by the learned Men of this and other Nations. This, in Part, ap- 
pears from an Epiftle, which his old Friend, Gerard Voffius, fent him % together with a Prefent 
of fome Books, lately publifh'd by him, as fbon as he heard of his Arrival at Oxford ; ' I 
' give Thanks unto God, faid he, for your fafe Return, as upon the private Score of our 
' Friendfhip, fo upon the publick Account, becaufe I well perceive how great Advantages the 

* Republick of Letters, and the Church of God, may receive from you. For if, for more 

* than fifteen Years ago, you could acquit yoiirfelf fo well, what may we not hope from yoii 
' now, that Age, and the Induftry of fo many Years, have much increased your Knowledge, 
' and ripen'd your Judgment .? Your Return, therefore, I congratulate to yourfelf, to Oxford^ 
' and to all England ; yea, and to the whole learned World.' 

That which was moft likely to lefien his Diligence in preparing any Thing for the pub- 
lick View, was that Diffidence of himfelf, and his own Labours, wluch his great Modefty and 
Humility ftill fuggefted to him; whereby he was, upon all Occafions, very prone to fancy j 
that none of his Performances could be of Value and Ufefulnefs enough, to juftify the Publi- 
cation of them. However, upon the earneft Requeft of his Friends, and the Reprefentations 
they made to him of the Services he was capable of, he was contented to proceed, and he now 
laid the Foundations of feveral very confiderable Works, which, fome Years after, were made 
publick, being reai^y, as he tells Gerard Voffius, in his Anfwer to the Letter but now men- 
tioned "", to put his Hand to any Bufinefs, concerning which he fhould be fatisfied, that it 
would be of the leaft Benefit to the Commonwealth of Learning. 

This Year, viz. 1641, a Correfpondence began between Mr. Pocock and two learned 
Men, Jacobus Ailing, a Foreigner^ then in England, and Mr. John Selden. The latter of 
thefe was then preparing for the Prefs fome little Part of Eutychius's Annals, in Latin and 
Arabick, which he publifhed the Year following, under the Title of Origines Alexandrin<e ; 
and on this Account wanted Mr. Pocock's Affiftance in collating, and extrafting from Arabick 
Books at Oxford. The Occafion Mr. Selden had for his Services, then and afterwards, produ- 
ced a Friendfhip, that proved of Angular Ufe to him on feveral urgent Aflfairs, as will appear 
in the Courfe of his Story. He had endeavoured, when in London, to wait on Mr. Selden j 
but was prevented by the other's conftant Employment. But Providence foon fupplied him 
with an Opportunity, which he before fought in vain. The following Year added another 
very learned Correfpondent, to thofe before mentioned, which was John Henry Hottinger, of 
Zurich, who, a little before, had feen and known Mr. Pocock in England. He was then em- 
ployed in tranflating the Chronicon Samdritanum, which he brought out of Holland, and 
ihewed to Primate Ufher here, who then prefled him to render it into Latin. It appears alfo 
from Hettinger's Letter, that he was excited to turn the Helvetick Confeffion into Arabick, by 
hearing from Hugo Grotius, at Paris, that Mr. Pocock had done the fame by his Book, de Ve- 
ritate Religionis Chriftiame ; and thereupon, he earneftly begs Directions for that Work. 

The War, which broke out this Year, viz. 1642, interrupted all Correfpondence betweea 
him and the Learned, both of our own, and other Nations, and alfo made Oxford itfelf an 
improper Place for Study. Its antient Quiet was now loft, and nothing to be heard there, but 
the Noife of Arms and armed Men. For in the Month of July, the Members of that Uni- 
verfity, having expofed themfelves to the Indignation of the two Houfes of Parliament, by ad- 
vancing all the Money they had in their publick Treafuries, and much out of their own 
Purfes, for the Service of the King, who was then at Tork ; were obligedj as foon as they un- 
derftood that the Earl of Effex began to march with an Army, to begin to think of their own 
Safety. And accordingly, being authorized, as well by a Proclamation againft the Rebels, as 
by particular Meflages fent to them from his Majejly, fome Hundreds of them immediately 
put themfelves in Arms, and were foon after joined by two Hundred Horfe, under the Com- 
mand of Sir John Byron. About two Months after, thefe Forces being drawn out for the 
King's Service in other Parts, fome Troops of the Parliament Side, took PoflcfTion of Oxford, 
and there, under the Command of the Lord Say, did what they thought fit ; till, in a little 
Time, his Majefty march'd thither with his Foot, immediately after the Battle at Edge-Hill, 
and order'd it to be made a Garifon, which it continued to be, and alfo the ordinary Reftdence 
of the Court, to the End of the War. The Military State the Univerfity was then in, and 
the Hurry that attended it, fufFered Mr. Pocock to make but fmall Advances in the Defigns 
he had undertaken. And in a ftiort Time, his Mind was diverted to other Matters : For, in 

G the 

• G. Voflii Epiftolx, Num. 425. * Clar. Virorum ad Q. Voflium Epiftols, Num. 336. 



22 The L I F E of 

the Tear 1643, the Reftory of Cbildry^ a Living of a very good Value in the County of 
Berks^ becoming vacant, he was prefented to it by the Prefident and Fellows of Ccrpus- 
Cbrijli College, the Patrons of it. As this was an Evidence of the Efteem, which that 
learned Society had for this worthy Member ; fo, doubtlefs, it could not but be very agreeable 
to his Inclinations : For ChiJJry being about twelve Miles from Oxford, he could conveniently 
live upon his Parfonage, and perform the feveral Duties he was oblig'd to there, and yet at 
the proper Times repair to the Univerjity, and read his LeSures. Tho', indeed, at prefent, 
there was no Room at all for fuch Exercifes -, the Minds of thofe who were to frequent them, 
being fill'd with the Thoughts of other Matters, and the publick Schools taken up for Provi- 
fions, and Warlike Stores. 



S E C T I O N IIL 

MR. Pocock being now a Country Clergyman, fet himfelf, with his utmoft Diligence, ta 
a confcientious Performance erf" all the Duties of his Cure ; labouring for the Edifica- 
■ tion of thofe committed to his Charge, with the Zeal and Application of a Man, 
who thoroughly confidered the Value of immortal Souls, and the Account he was to give. 
He was conftant in preaching, performing that Work twice every Lord's Day. And becaufe 
the Addition of catechizing, which he would not n^leA, made this a Burden too heavy to 
be always borne by himfelf, he fometimes procured an Afliftant from Oxford, to preach in the 
Afternoon. His Sermons were fo contriv'd by him, as to be moft ufeful to the Perfons, that 
were to hear them. For tho' fuch as he preached in the Univerjity, were very elaborate, and 
foil of critical and other Learning ; the Difcourfes he delivered in his Parilh, were plain and 
eafy, having nothing in them, which he conceived to be above the Capacities, even of the 
meaneft of his Auditors. He commonly began with an Explanation of the Text he made 
choice of, rendering the Senfe of it as obvious and intelligible, as might be : Then he noted 
whatever was contained in it, relating to a good Life ; and recommended it to his Hearers, 
■with a great Force of fpiritual Arguments, and all the Motives, which appeared moft likely 
t3B prevail with them. And as he carefully avoided the Shews and Oftentation of Learning ; 
fi) he would not, by any Means, indulge himfelf in the Praftice of thofe Arts, which at 
that Time were very common, and much admir'd by ordinary People, Such were Difiortions 
if the Countenance and ftrange Gejiures, a violent and unnatural Way of Speaking, and afieSlei 
JVords and Phrafes, which being out of the ordinary Way, were therefore fuppos'd to expreft 
fome-what very myflerious, and, in a high Degree, fpiritual. Tho' no Body could be more 
unwilling than he was to make People uneafy, if it was poffible for him to avoid it ; yet nei- 
ther did his natural Temper prevail with him, nor any other Confideration tempt him, to be 
filent, where Reproof was neceflary. With a Courage, therefore, becoming an Ambaffador of 
Jefus Chrifi, he boldly declar'd againft the Sins of the 'Times ; warning thofe who were under 
his Care, as againft all profane and immoral Practices, fo againft thofe Schifms and DiviJionSy 
which were now breaking in upon the Church, and thofe Seditions which aimed at the Subver- 
fion of the State. His whole Converfation too was one continued Sermon, powerfully recom- 
mending, to all that were acquainted with him, the leveral Duties of Chriftianity. For as he 
was blanulefs and harmlefs, and without Rebuke ; fo his unaffedied Piety, his Meeknefs and 
Humility, his kind and obliging Behaviour, and great Readinefs, upon every Occafion, to do 
all the good he was capable of, made him Ihine as a Light in the World, 

A M I N I s T E R that thus acquitted himfelf, one would think, fhould have met with much 
Efteem, and all imaginable good Ufage from his whole Parilh -, but the Matter was otherwife j 
he was one of thofe excellent Perfons, whom the brighteft Virture hath not been able to fe- 
cure from an evil Treatment ; yea, that upon account, even of what was highly valuable ir» 
them, have been contemn'd, reproach'd and injurioufly handled. Some few, indeed, of thofe 
under his Care, had a juft Senfe of his Worth, and paid him all the Refpedt, that was due to 
it ; but the Behaviour of the greater Number was fuch, as could not but often much difcom- 
pofe and affliift him. His Care not to amufe his Hearers, with Things which they could not 
underftand, gave fome of them Occafion to entertain very contemptible Thoughts of his 
Learning, and to fpieak of him accordingly. So that one of his Oxford Friends, as he travel'd 
through Childry, enquiring, for his Diversion, of fome People, who was their Minifter ? And 
how they liked him ? Receiv'd from them this Anfwer : Our Parfon is one Mr. Pocock, a. 
plain, boneji Man -, but, Mafier, faid they, he is no Latiner. His avoiding, as he preach'd,. 
that boijierous AtJion, and thofe canting Expreffions, which were then fo very taking with 
many Lovers of Novelty, was the Reafon that not a few confider'd him as a u-eak Man^ 
whofe Difcourfes could not edify, being dead Morality, having nothing of Power and the Spi" 
rit. But his declaring againft Diviftons, Sedition and Rebellion, was moft ofFenfive, and rais'd 
the greateft Clamour againft him. Becaufe of this, fuch in his Parifti, as had been feduc'd 
into the Mcafures of them, who were now endeavouring the Overthrow, both of Church and 

State^ 



Dr. EDWARD POCOCK. 23 

Stctiy were ready, upon every Occafion, to beftow on him the ill Names, then fo much in 
Ufe, of, A Man addicted to Railing and Bitternefs % a Malignant and one Popijhly affeSfed. But 
Difefteem and reproachful Language were not the only Grievances, which this good Man fuf- 
fered under. That Income, which the Laws of God and Man had made his juft Right, and 
which he always endeavoured to receive, with as much Peace as might be, was thought too 
much for him, and they ftudied to leflen it in all the Ways they could : Befides, what they 
call'd, out-witting him in his Tithes, of the Contributions and great Taxes which were fre- 
quently exafted, a Sum much beyond the juft Proportion was ftill allotted to him i and when 
any Forces were quarter'd in that Parifh, as confiderable Numbers often were, he was fore to 
have a double, if not a greater. Share. 

This Ufage could not but feem very ftrange to a Man, who had been treated with Re- 
fped and Civility, by all Sorts of Perfons whom he had hitherto converfed with : And it wa3 
impoflible for him to refled: upon fuch unfuitable Returns, without a great deal of Kfquiet 
and very melancholy Thoughts. The barbarous People of Sytia and Turky, whom he for- 
merly complain'd of, appeared to him now of much greater Humanity, than many of thofe» 
he was engaged to live with. There, his exalted Virtue had won upon Mahometans, and 
made even Jews and Friers revere him ; but thefe Charms had, at this Time, a contrary Ef- 
feft on the Pretenders to Saintjhip, and purer Ordinances, at home.' And h , who, when at 
j/ileppo, ftill long'd to be in England, as the moft agreeable Pfece m the World, now con- 
fider'd an Abode in the Eaft as a very defirable Blefllrig. Yea, to foch a Degree of Uneafi- 
nefs did the publick Calamities, and the particular Troubles he was every Day exercis'd with 
at fength carry him } that, he began to form a Defign of leaving his native Country for ever, 
and fpending the Remainder of his Days, either at Aleppo or Conftafitinople : In which Places, 
from his former Experience, he thought he might promife himfeif fewer Injuries, and more 
^iet and Peace. But upon further Confideration, and a due Uie of thofe Succours, which 
both Reafon and Religion afforded him, he fortified his Mind againft the Force of all fuch 
Trials, and learned to pojjefs his Soul in Patience. He v<;ry well knew, that it is the Part of 
a good Soldier of Jefus Chriji, to endure Hardfhip, and that he that hath devoted himfeif to the', 
Work of the Gofpel, muft be ready in Affliffions and Dijireffes, by Honour and Bijhonour, by 
evil Report as well as good, to approve himfeif a Minijier of God. He confidered too, that his 
Cafe was not Angular, but fuch as was common, at that Time, to almoft all others of the 
fame Calling, throughout the Nation, who would not humour the People in unreafonable 
Things, nor defcend to unlawful Compliances. And he was very well fatisfied, that all the 
Evil, that comes to pafs in the World, is ftill over-ruW by the Providence of that All- wife 
God, who, in the nwral as well as the natural World, brings Light out of Darknefs, and Or- 
der out of Confulion, and who will make all Things work together for Good to them that love 
him. Upon foch Reflexions as thefe, therefore, he refolved 'to ftand his Ground, and to per- 
feverc in a faithful Difcharge of all the Duties he was called tb, notwithftanding all the Diffi- 
culties that attended it. Having thus laid afide all Thoughts of a Remove, to eafe himfeif of 
the Cares of Houfekeeping, and the Management of a Family, and to have the Comfort of an 
agreeable Partner, amidft the Troubles he was expofed to, he began to think of a Wife. And 
Providence direfted him to the Choice of a very prudent and virtuous Gentlewoman, namely, 
Mary, the Daughter of Thomas. Bur dett, Efquire, of Wefi-Worlham, in Hampfhire ; whom 
he married about the Beginning of the Year 1 646, and by whom God was pleas'd to blefs him 
with nine Children, fix Sons and three Daughters. 

A T the fame Time that Mr. Pocock underwent fo many Uneafinefles at Childry, his Affairs 
were in a yet worfe Condition at Oxford: Where, tho' he attended his Lefture with as much 
Diligence, as the prefent State of the Univerfity would admit of, his Salary was wholly de- 
tain'd from him. For Archbifhop Laud, after almoft four Years Imprifonment in the Tower 
(notwithftanding fuch a Defence of himfeif againft all the Crimes, with which he was charged, 
as will be a lafting Monument, both of his Innocence and great Capacity) being put to Death 
by an Ordinance of Parliament, they that had thus gotten his Life, were for difpofing of his 
Eftate, v/hich had been fequeftered fome 1 ime before ; and into the Lift of that, they took, be- 
fides feveral other Lands given by him to pious, and charitable Ufes, Budd's Paflures, in the Pa- 
rifti of Bray, which had been fettled by him for this Arabick Lecture. The feizing a Revenue, 
which had been applied to fo excellent a Purpofe, was not only a manifeft Injuftice, but might 
well be underflxjod to be foch a Contempt and Hatred of Learning, as the Authors of it, one 
would think, ftiould, even for their own Credit in the World, by no Means have confented 
to: Or, if they had taken Poffeffion of that Eftate, by Miftake, they ftiould have been 
ready, on the foft Application to them, to deliva- it up again. But the Matter was otherwife ; 
for notwithftanding Mr. Pocock's Endeavours, who took Care to let them underftand the true 
State of the Cafe, they would not be prevail'd on to difcharge it. It appears, from the Copy 
of one of his Letters, written by him on this Occafion, that he let them know, ' how ufeful 
' that Sort of Learning is, which the Income of thofe Lands was defign'd to promote, both 
' to Divinity and other commendable Studies ; what Reputation it now had in moft Univerji- 
* ties beyond the Seas, and what large Salaries had been appointed in feveral of them, for the 
' Encouragement of it.' He alfo labour'd to make-tfaem-fenfible, ' that, befides the Settlement 

♦ of 



24 The L I F E of 

* of the Founder, which was made with all the Formalities the Law rcquir*d, he had alfo an 

* editable Right to what he ciaim'd. For, as his Continuance at Aleppo, which firft recom- 

* mended him to the Choice of the Arcbhjhop^ had been a Thing of Charge and Difficulty to 

* him i fo, to qualify himfelf better for this Employment, he had been at the Hazard of a 

* Voyage to ConJlanlinopUy the neceflary Expences of which amounted to a Sum fufficient, 

* even for the Purchafe of a Revenue for Life, of much greater Value.' But all thefe Repre- 
fentations were of no Force with the People he had to deal with -, and, doubtlefs, they would 
not have delivered up his Right to him, had not fome other Method been thought of by his 
Friends, whereby to obtain it. 

The learned Mr. John Selden, at that Time, one of the Burgefles in Parliament for the 
Univerfity of Oxford, had long entertain'd a particular Efteem for Mr. Pocock, and was, as ap- 
pears above, much obliged to him, having frequently borrowed of him feveral Manufcripts, 
and other Books, not to be gotten elfewhere, and alfo often receiv'd from him Satisfadion in 
confiderable Difficulties, relating to Oriental Learning. Mr. John Greaves, therefore, (who had 
likewife a large Share in the Friendfhip of that great Man) being in London, made him ac- 
quainted with this Injury that was done, not only to Mr. Pocock, but to Learning itfelf, and 
oeftr'd his Affiftance in the Redrefs of it. No Body could be more ready than Mr. Selden 
was, to grant this Requeft. He told him, that he had a due Senfe both of the Injujiice and 
Scandal of this Proceeding, and that the Perfons concem'd in it, could have no Countenance 
for it from the Order of Parliament, by which they pretended to ad. For the Sequefiratiats, 
appointed by it, could only relate to particular Perfons, as Seius and Sempronius, to u(e his own 
Exprefllons on that Occafion, and not to Corporations, which was the Cafe of thefe Lands. He 
alfo promis'd, that he would himfelf fearch the Rolls, where the Donation was recorded, and 
make the beft Ufe of it he could, when he had found it. 

While this was tranfading for Mr. Pocock in London^ his Friends m Oxford were careful 
alfo to do him all the Service they were capable of. Dr. Langbaine, the very worthy Provofi 
cf Queen's- Col lege, was at the Pains himfelf of drawing a long Inftrument in Latin, wherein 
the Courfe taken by the Archbifhop, effedually to fettle thefe Lands, was at large, and very 
particularly recited, and alfo a formal Grant from that Body inferted, of all the Profits ifluing 
out of them to Mr. Pocock, during the Time that he fhould continue to be Arabick LeSlurer ; 
and this Inftrument, being propofed by him and fome others in Congregation, with unanimous 
Confent had the Seal of the Univerjity affixed to it. What was thus done for him by his 
Friends, was abundantly fufficient to clear his Title to the Satisfadion of all reafonabl Men. 
But left all this fhould not be efFedual, Mr. Selden, with much Earneftnefs, recommended 
the Matter to fome of the leading Men of that Time, in whom he had a confiderable Interefl, 
and, by their Means, this Salary was at length refVor'd to Mr. Pocock, after it had been detain'd 
from him about three Years. This Reftitution was effeded about the Middle of the Year 
1647. And I have Reafon to fuppofe, that Dr. Langbaine's good Offices, above-mentioned, 
(to which he was ftrongly incited by "T. Smith, a Fellow of his own College, and a Friend of 
Mr. Pocock's) was the Foundation of that Friendfhip, which continued between him and Mr. 
Pocock for the Remainder of their Lives. 

Th IS fame Year, viz. An. 1647, he and his Family, at Childry, were delivered from a 
Ruin, that threatened them, by the Dil^ence and Intereft of his excellent Friend, Mr. John 
Creaves. For Mr. Pocock being confider'd as a Malignant, fome of the Forces for the Parlia- 
ment, which had now carried all before it, grievoufly opprefs'd him by free garter, and other 
Violence •, and fuch a Treatment he was to exped, as often as any Troops fhould come into 
thofe Parts. Hereupon he complains to his Friend Mr. Greaves, by Letter, who, by the Af^ 
fiflance of Dr. Ent, procur'd him a Protedion, under the Hand and Seal of my Lord Fairfax, 
dated at fVindfor, Dec. 5, 1647. by which all Officers and Soldiers, are forbid to plunder his 
Houfe, or take away his Horfes, Sheep, or other Cattle or Goods, or to offer Violence to his 
Perfon, or the Perfons of any of his Family. Conjlables alfo, and ^arter-majters, are, by 
the fame Inftrument, forbid to quarter upon him above his jufl and due Proportion. And, to 
crown this good Office, Mr. Greaves would be at all the Expences, that attended the Pro- 
curement of this Protedion. 

I T was, indeed, a Angular good Providence for Mr. Pocock, under the Troubles and Diffi- 
culties he met with in thefe Times, that he was provided with fo many ufeful and a£live 
Friends, For, befides his own natural Modefty and Meeknefs, which difqualified him from 
ftirring efFedually in his own Behalf, his long Abfence from England, had made him a- 
Stranger, even to the common Remedies againft Oppreffion ; and his only Methods, for Re- 
drefs, were to complain, from Time to Time, to his Friends, of his hard Ufage. 

Being delivered 6ut of thefe Difficulties, he had but very little Time to breathe, before 
a frefh Occafion was given for the Exercife of his own Patience, and of the Kindnefs of his 
Friends. For now the Vi/ttation of the Univerfity of Oxford was coming on, which, under the 
Pretence of Reformation, threatened the utmoft Severity to all Perfons of that Body, who had 
manifefted any Loyalty to the King, or Zeal for the Church. In the Articles of Oxford, in- 
deed, when tliat City was delivered up by Sir Thomas Clenham to General Fairfax, exprefs 
Provifion had been made, that all the Members of the Univerfity fhould enjov their antiertt 
^ ' Rights 



Dr. EDWARD PO COCK. 25 

Rights and Privileges, notwithftanding any Thing done by any of them, relating to the un- 
happy War between the King and the Parliament. But fuch Agreements were very weak 
Bonds to reftrain them, who having the Power entirely in their Hands, were now refolv'd 
both to gratify the Ambition and the Avarice of thofe that depended on them, and to fatisfy 
their own Revenge. On the Jirjl Day of May, therefore, in the Year 1647, an Ordinance of 
Parliament was made, whereby of twenty four Perfons therein named, Tiny five or more had 
Authority given them to be Vijitors of that Univerftty, for the Hearing and Determination of 
all Matters and Caufes they fhould think fit to enquire into, relating to it, or any Members of 
it : And alfo twenty Lords and forty nine of the Houfe of Commons, were, at the fame Time 
appointed to be zftanding Committee, for receiving the Reports of thofe Vijitors, and hearing 
all Appeals, that fhould be made to them. 

Of the Vifitors thus nominated, ten had been formerly Members of that Univerftty, and 
moft of them, fuch as had been expell'd, or otherwife punifti'd, for Mifdemeanours committed 
in it. The other fourteen were Lawyers, and Country Gentlemen, of known Zeal for the Caufe 
they were carrying on, amongft whom Mr. Prynne was one of the chief There could be no 
Doubt at all, but that fuch as thefe would be very forward in the Execution of this Power ; 
as, indeed, they were. For a Citation, under the Hands of a fufficient Number of them, 
dated the 15th of the fame Month, Was fent to Oxford, commanding both the ProSiors, and 
all Heads of Colleges and Halls, to appear before them in the Cmvocation-Houfe there, on the 
fourth Day of the next Month, between the Hours of Nine and Eleven in the Morning. But the 
Mifchief defigned, at that Meeting, was delay'd for fome Time by the dextrous Management 
of Dr. Samuel Fell, the Vice-chancellor. For whilft Mr. Harrys, one of the Vifitors, was enter- 
taining his Brethren at St. Mary's with Prayers, and a long Sermon for the Occafion, the Hour 
limited in the Citation was pafs'd, and the Vice-chancellor, having gotten a Teftimonial of the 
Attendance of thofe that had been fummon'd, attefted on the Place, in due Form, by a pub- 
lick Notary, immediately difmifs'd the Aflembly. This Difappointment put the Vifitors into 
fo much Confufion, that they attempted nothing more, till, by an additional Ordinance of Par- 
liament, dated the 26th Day of Jugujl following, they had new Powers conferred upon them. 
But then they applied themfelves to the Work again, with a great deal of Diligence, and ne- 
ver omitted it, till they had forced out a great Number of the befi and moft learned Men of 
the Univerftty, and put themfelves, and their Friends, in their Places. 

When the Violence of thefe Reformers began to rage at Oxford, Mr. Pccock was on his 
Parfonage at Childry ; and there he ftill continued, as well by the particular DIreftion of his 
Friends, as from his own Judgment and Inclination. He had frequent Accounts fent to him 
of the Troubles many worthy Men were in, and the Methods made ufe of to ruin them, 
and he continually expedted a Share in the fame Treatment. And tho' he was ready, when 
Providence fliould call him to it, not only to throw up his LeSfure, but every Thing elfe that 
he had, if he could not keep It with a good Confcience ; he thought himfelf, however, under 
no Obligation to invite and haften the Danger, by appearing in the Univerftty. 

The Vifitors, and their Matters of the Committee, having other Employment, no Notice 
was taken of him for feveral Months -, but at length fomething extraordinary fell out, which 
brought him on the Stage. Dr. Morris, the Hebrew Profeffor at Oxford, died of a Fever, 
March 27, 1648. The King, who was then a Prifoner in the IJle of Wight, having a full 
Knowledge of Mr. Pocock's Sufficiency, and being alfo moved thereto by the Recommenda- 
tions of Dr. Sheldon and Dr. Hammond, nominated him for the Hebrew LeSiure, thus vacant, 
and for the Canonry of Chrift-Church annexed to it ; but he was not conftituted by Patent, the 
King then not having the great Seal in his Power. About this Time, likewife, Dr. Payne, 
Canon of the fame Church, was turned out, by an Order of the Committee. And on the 7th 
of April enfuing, the Committee having refolved, that the Matter of the Anfwer, put in by 
the Dean of Chriji-Church, Dr. Fell, and others the Prebends, whofe Hands were fubfcribed to 
it, was an high Contempt of Authority of Parliament ; and, ' That for an efFedual Remedy 

* thereof, the faid Dr. Fell, Dean of Chrift-Church, and others the Prebends of Chrift-Church, 

* who fubfcribed their Names to the faid Anfwer, be forthwith removed from their faid 

* Places.' Then the Order immediately proceeds : ' This Committee being informed, that 

* Dr. Morris, one of the faid Prebends, and Hebrew LeSlurer of the Univerftty, is lately de- 
' ceafed, whofe Hand is fubfcribed to the faid Anfwer, do order that Mr. Pocock be Hebrew 
' Le5lurer of the Univerftty, in the Place of the faid Dr. Morris, deceafed, and ftiall receive all 
' Profits and Dues belonging to the faid Place. And further order, that the (aid Mr. Pocock 

* be, and hereby he is, conftituted and eftablifhed a Collegiate Prebend of Chrift-Church, in 
' the Place of Dr. Payne, removed from his Prebend's Place, by a former Order of this Com- 

* mittee. And the faid Mr. Pocock ftiall enjoy and have all the Power, Rights, Emolu- 

* ments. Rooms, and Lodgings, by any Statute, or Cuftom, or Right, formerly belonging 

* to the faid Dr. Payne.' It might feem a Matter of Difficulty, at this Diftance of Time, to 
give a full Account, how Mr. Pocock, whofe Abfence from Oxford alone preferved him from 
a Summons of the Vifitors, to take the folemn League and Covenant, and confequently from the 
Lofs of his Arabick Ledture ; I fay, how he came to meet with fuch diftinguifliing Favour at 
that Time from them, who feemed to have fo little Regard, either to Learning or Goodnefs, 

VoL.L H in 



a6 The L I F E of 

in others of his Principfes, But it was chiefly to be imputed to the hearty Kindnefs of art 
efitinent Member of that Committee^ namely, his conftant Friend, who had been fo ferviceable 
to him already, Mr. John Selden. For to him, Mr. Pocock wholly afcrib'd this unexpefted 
Succefsj in a Letter he fent to him fome Time after. And, indeed, as that learned Man 
found out Means to preferve fome few of his particular Friends in Oxford^ from the Dangers 
that then threatened them ; fo he did all that was pofllble for him, on behalf of the Univer- 
Jlty m general. This, I find, was gratefully acknowledged by Dr. Langbaine, in a Letter 
wtitten to him about this Time. Which, as well in Honour to the Memory of fo great 
a FHtnd^ ahd Patron of Mr. Pocock ; as for that it gives fo particular an Account of the fad 
State of thfc Ukivetjlty, and the different Opinions of fome great Men in it, at that Junfture, 
I fhall here infert, as it was found amongft the Papers of the Lord Chief Jujtice Hale, who 
was one of Mr. Selden'i Executors c. 

* Mqfi Honoured 5/r, 
* Notwithstanding thofe common Endearments, by which you have purchas'd fo 
great an Intereft in this difconfolate Univerjity, and thofe multiplied Favours which you have 
been pleafed to heap upon myfelf, the meaneft of your Servants ; I could have been content 
to hug myfelf in the tacit Recordation of both, had not that kind Remembrance, which 
I received from you, by Mr. Palmer, fome few Minutes fince, feconded by the prefent Op- 
portunity of fafe Conveyance, by Mr. Patrick Tonge, invited, or indeed extorted from me 
this Acknowledgment ; which is no more mine, than the Voice of the Publick, fo far as 
Difcretion will permit us to make it publick ; that however the Condition of this Place be 
now fo defperate, that Salus ipfa fervare non poteft ; yet are we all abundantly fatisfied in 
your unwearied Care and poffionate Endeavours for our Prefervation. We know and confefs. 

Si Pergama Dextrd 



* Defendipoterant, etiam bdc defenfa fuiffent . 

* Whether it be our Unworthinefs, as it is our Unhappinefs, to fall at laft, others may better 
' judge •, but of this we are confident, that, next under God's, it muft be imputed to your 

* extraordinary Providence, that we have flood thus long. You have been the only Belli 

* Mcfra^ and 

* ^icquid apud noftra cejfatum eft mania Troja., 

' HeSloris (I cannot add yEneaque, for you had no fecond) Manu Vi^oria Graium 

* E^fit. 

* By your good Arts and prudent Manage, our fix Months have been fpun into two Years, 
' and it has thus far been verified upon us by your Means, Nee capti potuere Capi. But now the 

* decretory Day is come. Fuimus. That Tempeft, which has fo long hover'd, has now 

* fallen fo heavy upon our Heads, that all our Pilots have forfaken the Helm, and let the 

* Ship drive. Ine Pro- Vice-chancellors, Proftors, and other Officers and Miniflers of the Uni- 

* verftty, have withdrawn themfelves. I might add much, but I fear this may be too much 
» of this Kind, as the Senfe of the mofl and befl in this Place ; who fly fo high upon the 

* Point of Loyalty and Privilege, as if they were ambitious of fufFering. For myfelf (and, 

* tho' I have little Correfpondence with Particulars, I believe I am not Angular) I could be 

* 'tvell enough content to ftt down with a ConfefTor's Place, and not envy my Betters the Glory 

* of this Martyrdom. I cannot think, that we are bound, by any Obligation of Law or Con- 

* fcience, from acknowledging my Lord of Pembrook for our Chancellor. But for the new de- 

* 'figned Proftors ahd Heads of Houfes (Chriji -Church excepted) we do not fee, with Submiffion 

* 'be it fpoken, why thofe Colleges, to whom the Right of Eleftion regularly belongs, may 

* not challenge it by Virtue of the Articles, by which the Rights of all, and every of them, is 

* promifed to be fav'd. And tho' we know the Praftice of former Times is no Rule for the 

* prefent, nor the Aftions of Kings any Laws for Parliaments ; yet we cannot choofe but ob- 

* ierve the Diflference heretofore, when, upon Occafion, Princes have fometimes depos'd the 

* Proftors, fometimes preferr'd Heads of Houfes to Bifhopricks, they always left the Elec- 

* tioft of their Succeflbrs free, according to the refpedtive Statutes of the Univerfity and Col- 

* leges, and did not otherwife interpofe (though it was thought a Point of their Prerogative) 

* 'than, at mofl:, by Letters of Recommendation, which were many Times not obey'd, and 

* that with Impunity. But whatfoever you pleafe to command, we mufl obey. And it will, 

* perhaps, not at all offend our mofl: eager Adverfaries, if we choofe to do it rather by SufFer- 

* mg, than Compliance -, which is already the Refolution of a good many, and perhaps his 

* Turn is not far off, who, though he would not be over hafly to offer the Sacrifice of Fools, 

* by a peremptory Oppofition to an extraordinary and irreftftible Power, fo long as nothing is 
' commanded which he conceives, in its own Nature, fimply unlawful, yet he hopes, he fhall 

* never proftitute his Innocency, to purchafe the fliort Enjoyment of a flight Preferment, 

* ivhich he values for nothing hiOre, than the Opportunity it affords him of Treedom in his 

■* Studies, 
f This Letter it in Dr. Mead's CoUeflion, above-mentioned. 

I 



Dr. E D W A R D P O C O C K. 27 

» Studies, and thereby (if you ftiall at any Time do him the Honour to command him) o f 
* putting himfelf in a Capacity to be reputed, 

Sir, Your moft humble, and moft bounden Servant^ 

^een's-College, Oxon, 

March 20, 1647-8. G. Langbaine. 

As this Letter gave fuch a melancholy Reprefentation of the prefent Condition of Affairs 
in Oxford ; fo the Tranfadions that foon followed, in that Place, would require even more 
tragical Expreffions, duly to fet them forth. For the Vtfitors firft, and then the Chancellor 
himfelf, (who came thither for that Purpofe) with a Guard of Mujketeers, went from College 
to College, and breaking open the Doors of feveral Lodgings, difpoffefs'd the rightful Owners 
with the utmoft Violence. 

And now to return to Mr. Pocock : The Committee iflued an Order to the Vijitors, June 
the 6th following, to put him in Pofleffion of Dr. Payne^s Lodgings at Chrift-Church ; 
which was done accordingly. How he relilhed the Manner of his Coming into this Preferment, 
we cannot fay with Certainty. But from the Letters of his Friends, at that Time, it fhould 
feem as if he had fome Scruple on that Head. Mr. John Greaves, in one to him, dated 
the very Day he was voted in by the Committee, after acquainting him with his Succefs, adds, 

* From whence no Envy can fall upon yoii here, (at Oxford) feeing you difplace no Man, and 

* it is undertaken that he fhall be fatisfied, who is moft concerned, without any further Trou- 

* ble of yours. So that I fee, by a wary Carriage, that all Sides may be pleafed.' Dr. Lang- 
baine, in a Letter, May 3, 1648. has the following Expreffions : ' I perceive that you are 

* not fully informed concerning your Hebrew Profeflbr's Place ; and, therefore, I take leave 

* to tell you, that however the reft of the new Prebends (for ought I yet hear) have not, nor 

* defign to have, any other Security for Settlement, than the Votes of the Committee, yet 
' Mr. Selden intends (and I prefume by this Time it is done) to procure an Ordinance for yours. 

* ; This Ordinance, I think, will be fufficient, without a Patent under the broad Seal, be- 

* ing, for prefent, of equal Force, of lefs Charge, and lefs obnoxious to Exception from his- 

* Majefly ; oi whofe Confirmation, if it fhall pleafe God to reftore him to his Power and 

* Rights, I think you will have no Caufe to make a Queftion.' The Ordinance here fpoken 
of by Dr. Langbaine, as certain, to what Caufe foever the Difappointment was owing, never 
"was obtained ; and, I have undoubted Authority for faying, that Mr. Pocock held his Prefer- 
ment at Cbrijl-Churcb by no other Title, from the ruling Powers of that Time, fave from a 
Vote of the Committee. < 

But tho' thefe Arguments and Suggeftions of his Friends, prevail'd on him to accept the 
Hebrew ProfefTorfhip ; yet he was much difTatisfied, that he had not the Canonry along with 
it, which King Charles had annexed thereto, and which his PredecefTor, Dr. Morris, enjoyed 
in that Manner. It is highly probable, the Committee were ignorant of any fuch Annexation, 
and voted Mr. Pocock into Dr. Payne's Prebend, for no other Reafon, but becaufe it had been 
longeft vacant •, the Dodor having been turned out by a Vote, which fome Time preceded that 
for removing Dean Fell, and the reft that fubfcribed to the Anfwer put in by him ; of which 
Number Dr. Morris, the Hebrew Profeflbr, was one. However, finding that he was voted 
not only into the Place, but alfo into the Lodgings of Dr. Payne, before the Committee's Or- 
der to the Vifttors for putting him in Pofleffion of thofe Lodgings was iffijed, he complained 
to his Friends, above, of the Injury thereby done to him, and the PrbfelTorlhip. For, in a 
Letter from Mr. Greaves of the nth of May, 1648, I find thefe Words : ' As concerning 
' your Lodgings, and the Injury offered to you by the Vifitors, I mentioned it to the Primate 

* and Mr. Patrick Tonge. Both of them will acquaint Mr. Selden with it.' But in that, and 
the two following Months, nothing more was done in this Bufinefs, thro' the Jealoufies of 
thofe Times. But in Auguft, Mr. Selden afTured Dr. Langbaine, that he could find nothing to 
that Affair in the Rolls, and that fome, who were moft aftive in the then Changes, did ex- 
prefly deny any fuch Annexation. However, he promifed his beft Affiftance, but could not 
afTure him of Succefs. About the fame Time Mr. Greaves, often waiting on Mr. Rous, Se- 
cretary to the Committee; prevailed with him, as he tells Mr. Pocock, in a Letter of Auguft 2, 

* That nothmg fhould be done to his Prejudice for the future ; but [with Relation to what 

* was paftj all the Anfwer he could get was, that the Committee mufl obferve their own Orders* 
All this did not difcourage Mr. Pocock, and his Friends, from profecuting a Reparation of 
the Injury done to the Hebrew ProfefTorfhip, by difuniting it from its proper Canonry. For, 
upon an Intimation from Mr. Greaves, that Mr. Selden wanted to fee a Copy of the Grant of 
the Canotuy to the Hebrew ProfefTorfhip, and efpecially whether that individual Place be an- 
nexed to it ; adding, if fb, he (Mr. Selden) doubts not but Things may be ordered yet, if . 
there be fo much as the Name of Juftice left ; I fay, upon this Intimation Dr. Langbaine, in a 
Letter of Nov. 30, this fame Year, mentions, that the Charter concerning his Prebend, was 
fent up by the Bedel to Mr. Selden. But all this availed nothing. And, therefore, after a 
Year more fpent in vain Endeavours to get the Annexation avowed, and the proper Lodgings 
of the annexed Canonry reftored to himfelf, as Hebrew Profeflbr, he, upon Friday, the laft 
Day of Auguft, i6^(), read and entered a Proteftation for faving the Rights of his Profeflbr- 

fhip, 



28 The L I F E of 

fhip, before Dr. Reynolds, Dean of Cbrift -Church, and then Vice-chancellor of the Univerfityy 
as alfo in Prefencc of Ralph Button, Prebendary of that Church, and Ralph Aujlen, and laftly 
of John French, Notary Publick and Regifter of the Univerfity: In which he fet forth, 

* That the late King, in the 6th Year of his Reign, had given and granted to John Morris^ 
' B. D. and then Hebrew Profeflbr, a Canonry or Prebend in the Cathedral of Chrijl-Churchy 

* to be held by him as long as he fhould continue Hebrew Profeflbr, and Le£i:irer of the Uni- 

* verjity of Oxford, and no longer ; with all the Houfes, Manfions, Profits, fiff . any Way 

* belonging, or hereafter to belong, to the faid Canonry or Prebend. And by the faid Letters 

* Patents, he further granted to the Vice-chancellor, Mafters, and Scholars of the Univerfity 
' of Oxford, and their Succeflbrs, that, for the future, and in Perpetuity, that whenever, by 
» the Death, Refignation, Deprivation, fcff . of the faid John Morris, the faid Prebend fhould 

* any Way become void, that then, and fo from Time to Time, the faid Canonry, with its 

* aforefaid Appurtenances, fhould come to every Hebrew Profeflbr, and Letturer for the 

* Time being, and fhould not, in the Interim, be granted to any other. And whereas, upon 

* the natural Death of the faid John Morris, the Canonry aforefaid was become void, he, 

* Edward Pocock, by the Appointment and Decree of the honourable Committee, for regu- 
' lating the Univerfity of Oxford, was declar'd publick Profeflbr, and Lefturer of He- 

* brew, in the faid Univerfity of Oxford, in the Room of the faid John Morris. That 
' whereas, by a very late Aft, for abrogating Cathedral Churches, it was, amongft other 
' Things, provided, that the faid A£l, nor any Thing in it contained, fhould in any 

* wife extend to the Foundation of Chrijl-Church in Oxford, or to the Profits or Emo- 

* luments of any publick Profeflbr, or Lefturer, in either Univerfity ; he, the faid Ed- 
' ward Pocock, Hebrew ProfefTor, and Lefturer in the faid Univerfity of Oxford, did therefore 
' (with due Reverence) openly and in Writing protefl, that by his Acceptance of any other 

* Houfes and Manfions, at Chrijl-Church, aforefaid, he did not intend any Prejudice fhould 

* be done to his Right, Title, or Interefl, or to that of his Succeflbrs, the Hebrew Profeffbrs 

* at Oxford, or of the Chancellor, Maflers, and Scholars of the faid Univerfity, to the 
' Houfes and Manfions in Chrijl-Church, lately in PofTeflion of John Morris, Hebrew Pro- 

* feflbr, or to any other Profits, Cs^c. So that (notwithftanding any Acceptance of mine for 

* the Time) my Right, and that of my SuccefTors, and that of the Chancellor, Maflers, and 

* Scholars of the faid Univerfity of Oxford, and their Succeflbrs (if any Right there be) to all 

* and fingular of thefe, may be preferved fafe and unhurt, and remain fo at prefent, and to all 
' future Times -, according to the Force, Form, and Effeft of the Letters Patents, Refolu- 

* tion and Aft, aforefaid.* 

Ithought it proper to infert the Subflance of this Proteftation, that the World may 
fee how clear, and how important a Right Mr. Pocock, and his Friends, had been thus long 
contefting for, and the Jhameful Injuflice of thofe he had to deal withal. The Right in Quef- 
tion appears to have been founded on a Grant of the King's, that was within his unqueftion - 
able Prerogative, and further guarded by a Claufe in an Aft, which had very lately pafl'ed 
both Houfes. So that by baffling fo flrong a Claim, the Committee demonftrated, that whilft 
they thought the King fubjeft to his own Laws, they would always be at Liberty to contra- 
dift, not only his Appointments, but their own unrepealed Ordinances. And doubtlefs 
Mr. Pocock had Reafon to ftir in this Affair, not fo much on Account of the different Good- 
nefs of the Lodgings, belonging to the one or the other Canonry, as left his utter Ac- 
^uiefcence, in accepting a Canonry, which had never been annexed to the Hebrew Profeflbr- 
Inip, fhould weaken his and his Succeflbrs Title to that which had. But flill the HoneJty and 
Spirit of the good Man, on this Occafion, appears to greater Advantage, when one confiders, 
that, thro' the whole Courfe of this Afiuir, he, in other Refpefts, lay perpetually at the 
Mercy of thofe whom he was teazing to do him Juflice, and againfl whofe arbitrary Proceed- 
ings, the above Proteftation was formed. For from his firfl: being voted into the Profeflbrfliip 
and Canonry, by the Committee, he plainly forefaw, that as Things then went, he was not 
long to expeft any Advantage from that Favour, without fuch Compliances as he could, by 
no Means, yield to. That which he had, therefore, chiefly to depend on, was Abfence from 
Oxford till better Times, for which it pleas'd God he had a while too jufl an Excufe, being 
vifited with a great Sicknefs, which kept him a long Time very weak. When, therefore, 
upon the Coming of the Chancellor, he received a Meflage from one of the Vifitors, who pre- 
tended to be very much his Friend, inviting him to appear, as foon as he could, upon his Ca- 
nonry, at Chrijl-Church, he was fo far from any Thought of going thither, that he would not 
fo much as write an Anfwer i and the Care of thofe in Oxford, who wifhed his Welfere, made 
this Negleft pafs indifferently well, on the Score of his Indifpofition. 

But as the Excufe of Sicknefs could not continne always, fo in no long Time, his Pre- 
fence in Oxford was often requir'd in another Maimer : For the next Month it was decreed by 
the Vifitors, That all LeSurers and Profejfors fhould come and perform their fever al Duties in the 
Univerfity, which, they faid, had been negkaed for three Terms now lajl pafs'd. A little after 
they made another Order, That whofoever claim'd any Place, either in the Univerfity or any Col- 
lege, fhould, within fifteen Days, come and difcharge their Duties there, and alfo to fubmit them- 
felves to the Vifitatign, And, in a fhort Time, they decreed again, that, whofoever came to Ox- 
' ford. 



Dr. E D W A R D P O C O C K. 2^ 

ford, upm their being fummoti'd thither^ and yet did not appear before the Vijtors, Jhould he confi. 
dered as guilty of Contempt. It is manifeft, that fuch Orders as thefe, were diredly leveled at 
Mr. Pocock, and fome others in the like Circumftances. And what Arts he could find out to 
avoid the Force of them I cannot tell. And yet a very worthy Perfon ', who was at the 
Pains to fearch the Vifttation-Book, in the publick Library, at Oxford, afllired me, that he 
could meet with no Account there of any Appearance before the Vifitors, made at any Time 
by Mr. Pocock. The greateft Light I have been able to get into this Matter, has been from 
fpme Letters fent to him, during thefe Difficulties, by Mr. John Greaves ; whofe Advice to. 
him, upon thefe Occafions, was, fo to order his Affairs in a prudential and honefl Way, as nei- 
ther to provoke the Vifitors, nor to give them any Advantage, by appearing before them. And 
this too he tells him, in one of his Letters, was not only his own Senfe, but likewife that of 
Mr. Selden, whom he had confulted on his Behalf, namely, that he ought to make it his ut- 
moft Endeavour, to keep out of the Reach of their farter-Staff, to ufe Mr. Selden's own Ex- 
prefllon, which would, he faid, Jlrike down all before it ; and againfi which, there was no 
Ward, but fuffering or complying. A hard Choice, adds Mr. Greaves, either to be martyred, or 
to approve of their wicked and facrilegious Courfes ; but furely, continues he, the former is to be 
taken, which, after fome Patience, will be crowned with a jufi Reward. However, to put off, 
as long as might be, fo great a Hardfhip, he direds him, not to go to Oxford at all, if it were 
poffihle to avoid it. But if his Affairs fhould abfolutely require him to go thither, as he 
thought they would, to make but very little Stay, and when oblig'd to lie there a Night, not 
to let his Lodging be known, for fear he fhould receive a Summons to appear. Moreover, he puts 
him in Mind of confulting with his good Friends, Dr. Sheldon and Dr. Hammond, what he 
had beft do, who would both give him faithful Advice. And in another Letter, after thefe 
two excellent Men were driven from Oxford, he recommends to him the Counfel and Diredion 
of Dr. Langbaine, of whofe Friendfhip, as well as Skill in fuch Affairs, he had the greatefi 
Afliirance. 

But notwithflanding all the Expedients, which either his Friends could recommend to 
him, or he could think of, it was not pofTible for him to keep himfelf wholly out of Danger. 
For I find Mr. Greaves at one Time giving him Notice, that his Name had been return'd to 
the Committee, among thofe, that contemn'd their Authority. Moreover he told him, in ano- 
ther Letter, that upon difcourfing with Mr. Selden, he found, indeed, the fame Conflancy of 
AfFeftion in him, but withal great complaining of fuch Injuftice and Shuffling of Bujineffes, as 
made him weary of ftriving againfi the Stream, tho" he defpaired not totally of doing him good. 

And, upon this Occafion, I cannot but again do what Juftice I am able, to the Memory 
of this Mr. John Greaves, by faying fomething further of that extraordinary Degree of Friend- 
fhip, he manifefled, at this Time, to Mr. Pocock. For, befides what has been already men- 
tioned, in feveral of his Letters, which he wrote to him about thefe Matters, he not only aA 
fur'd him of his utmofl Endeavours to ferve him, but alfo told him, that he was much more 
concerned for his Prefervation than his own, and fhould he better pleas' d if he could obtain it. 
And the Event was, in fome Sort, according to his Defire. For whereas Mr. Greaves had 
been an Inflrument of keeping Mr. Pocock's Affairs in fome tolerable Condition in Oxford, he 
himfelf was banifhed thence, by a Decree of the Vijitors, Nov. 9, 1 648, and fo loft both 
his Fellowfhip at Mer ton-College, and his Place as Afironomy Profeflbr in that Univerjity. Not 
that he feems to have been aftually deprived of the latter, till near a Year after. For I find 
him, in a Letter of the 23d of Augujl, 1649, complaining to Mr. Pocock, as of a frefh 
Grievance, that Mr. Rous told him the Committee had voted him out of his Lecture, for not ap- 
pearing, and Contempt. It was then fo lately tranfadted, that Mr. Greaves had not, as yet, 
feen the Order, but was to fee it the Day after. Indeed, to add fome- what more of this 
worthy Perfon, out of thefe Letters to Mr. Pocock, fince the Face of Things had been fo 
much chang'd in Oxford, he feem'd to have but little Inclination to fpend any of his Time in 
it for the future. For, fome Months before this Sentence againfi him, giving Mr. Pocock an 
Account of his Defign to go thither from London, where he had now been for a good While, 
he told him, that, ' He was refolv'd to do nothing, but what flood with a good Confcience. 

* Yet, adds he, Tully fomewhere, (as I remember) miflikes Os & Frontem nov^e Academic. 
' And I am certain I fViall do the fame.* In another, of May 1 7, of the fame Year, he tells 
Mr. Pocock, ' He was then going into Kent, to his good Friend, Mr. Marfham, not far from 
' Rochefter. Who, adds he, hath been very importunate, admitting of no Excufe, that 
' I mufl make his Houfe and Library, who hath a fair one, mine own. It will be this Fort- 

* night e'er I return, and it may be fhall afterwards live with him, if I fee, at my coming to 

* Oxford, the fame Confufion which I hear, and which is likely, in Probability, to continue.* 
Several Months after, going a fecond Time to this Mr. Marfham's (afterward Sir John 
Marfham, a very learned Gentleman, who had dedicated a Latin Treatife of Chronology to him, 
and now again invited him to make ufe of his Houfe and Library) he fo far defpair'd of any 
future Encouragement to Learning and Ingenuity in Oxford, that he order'd Mr. Pocock to 
fend up his Will, with the Keeping of which he had intrufled him, that he might blot out 
thence the Gift of his Mathematical Inflruments to that Univerfity, which had cofl him, he 

Vol. I. I faid, 

* The very learned Dr. Mill, late Principel of Edmund-Hall in Oxford. 



30 



The LIFE of 



faid, nidre than h Hundred Pounds. And a Conveniency not falling 6ut prefently for tranf* 
mittihg it, he Was fo earncft upon the Matter, that, in another Letter foon after, he defired 
Mr. Pocock, td open bis ff^ill, andftrike out that Part of it. But feveral Years after his Death* 
AVhen the Univerfily, on the Return of King Charles II. was delivered from her Captivity, and 
became again What fl\e was before -, his Brother, Mr. Nicholas Greaves, afterwards Dean of Dro^ 
iHore in Ireland, and another Brother, Mr. Thomas Greaves, formerly mentioned, difpos'd *■ of 
thefe Inftruments, according to the firft Defign of their dead Brother ; and they are now in 
the Mafeuin Savilianum ', at Oxford. 

Mr. Pocock found Mearts of his Friends to pafs thro' the Dangers already mentioned, 
without being opprefled by them. However, a greater Difficulty began to appear, Nov. 28, 
1648. For then, among fome other Orders obtain'd by the Vifitors, from the Committee of 
Parliafnenl, one was, that they Jhonld ftri5lly require of all Members of the Univer/tty, the 
taking the folemn League and Covenant, and the Negative Oath. In their firft Commifiion, in- 
deed, they had been directed to enquire after all Perfons who had refus'd, or neglefted the 
Talcing thofe Oaths ; but the Univerfily thereupon immedietely, with a Courage truly 
Cbriftian, publilhed their unanfwerable Reafons againft the Lawfuliiefs of doing it, which 
were.folemnly voted in Convocation. And, I do not find, that it had been requir'd of any of 
thofe tuni'd out before November, 1648. They being commonly difmifs'd upon other Pretences. 
But now thefe Reformers were refolv'd upon a general Impofition of thofe Oaths in Oxford^ 
which they well knew would efFedhially purge out all the Remains of what they call'd Malig-' 
ftancy e. This Matter gave him frefli Difquiet, and fet his Friends again upon feeking out 
Means to preferve him. But the great Diforder the Nation was in about that Time, foon 
took off the Minds of the Vifitors, from going on with that Defign, and opened a new Scene 
of Affairs, in Which^ at length, he was to fall. For about this Time, the Officers of the 
2irmy took Matters out of the Hailds of the Parliament ; and, to all their former Op- 
fr^ons and Rapine, added the Murder of the King. An Aft, confidered in all its Gir- 
tttmftahces, fo prodigioufly wicked and barbarous, that no Age or Country, fince the 
Creation, that we know of, had ever afforded a Precedent for it. Hear the honefl^ 
pious, and affefting Senfe of the fo oft mention'd and eJccellent Mr. Jvhn Graves, on 
that fad Occafion, iii a Letter to Mr. Pocock. 

« O! My good Friend, my good Friend! Never was there Sorrow like our Sorrow! 
» What a perpetual Infamy will ftick on our Religion and Nation ! And, if God be 

* not more merciful than Men, What a Deluge of Miferies will flow in upon us .-• Ex- 

* cufe me now, if I am not able to write to you, and to anfwer your Queries. '^-^ — 

* O Lord God, if it be thy bleffed Will, have Mercy upon us, not according to oar 

* Merits, but thy Mercies, and remove this great Sia, and thy Judgments, from the 

* Nation.* . ' 

Tour inoft affectionate and affiled Friend^ 

J. Greaves. 

The Original Letter ftill teflifies the forrowful Difpofition of the IVriter, and the 
Wany Blots, efpecially in the latter Part of it, evidence that he wrote on Paper, for 
the moft Part bathed in Tears. 

Not content with this trafifcendent Villany, they alfo abolifhed the Upper, or Houfe ef 
Lords. After which, they &rtd their Irtflmrttents, at Weftminfier, pafs'd what they call'd an 
Ad for fubfcribing an Engagement, whereby eVery Man fhould promife to be true and faithful 
to the Government then eftablifhed, without a King, and Houfe of Lords. This new Teft was 
firfl impofed at Chrijl -Church, Nov. 3d, 1649. Soon after which. Endeavours were ufed in 
Oxford, to preA^^ent the Ruin of iniany hoheft and ufeful Men, who, it was well known. 
Would never fuWcribe to it. To which Purpofe, Dr. Langbaine, in a Letter to Mr. Pocock, 
of t>ec. 15, ill the fame Year, informs him, ' That the Day before, among other Matters, 

* a Petition wAs *gr6ed on, and fent in the Name of the Univerfity, to the Committee for Re- 
» gulation, iSc. promifing that they Will live peaceably under the prefent Government, and 

* fobmit to all lawful CortiMahds, and defiring that this may be accepted inftead of Subfcrip- 

* tit)n to the Engagement. This Day, adds he, Dr. Stanton, and Prodor Mmtdit, are gone 

* up with it, and (if they come foon enough) it is to be prefented to Morrow.' Upon this, 
he cohfulted his faithful Friend Mr. Greaves, who, in his Anfwer, of the 8th of the follow- 
ing 

« Vita Joannis Gravii, p. 43. ' Vide Catalog. Manufcriptor. Angl. pt. I. p. 302. e Herein Mr. Smith 

follows Anth. Wood's Hift. and Antiqu. of Univ. of Oxf. 1. I. p. 413. But Dr. Tim. Halton, in Anfwer to an 
Inqtiiry upon this Subjeft, feems, in Part, to contradift this AccoQJit. He writes thus : ' The Vifitors of the Uni- 

* verfity bf Oxdn, apoSnted by Parliament, never had the Opportunity of prefTmg the Covenant upon any Members 
' of the faid Uhivtfrfity, nor was any one removed, or expelled for not taking of it. In their Commiffio'n, An. 
' i647> I think the Claufe of tendering the Covenant to all Perfons was inferred. IJut that Commiflion was va- 
' cated. And in the next Commiflion granted. An. 1648, the Claufe was omitted by the Intereil of Mr. Selden.* 
l>erhaps the Thith of the Cafe is this : By Mr. Wood's Account, (ubi fupra) the fecond Commiflion was clandeftinely 

.obtained, only fix or feven of the Committee being prtfent. Probably, therefore, Mr. Selden, one of the abfent 
Members, upon hearing what had been done, might procure either a Revocation of the fecond Commiflion, tir au 
Order that the Clauft in it, which related to dre lolcrtm League, (houM not be put in Execution. 



Dr. E D W A R D P O C O C K. 31 

ing February, ddivers himfelf thus : ' I ^ifh I ^vere able to dxftd: you. If only Quietnefs be 

* required by the Subfcription, confidering your Profeflion, I know not what can be objedted 

* againft it.' Mr. Pecock then intended a fpeedy Journey to London, to which his Friend, in 
the fame Letter, anfwers, ' That he feared it Would caft him beyond the 20th of that 
' Month, and that then what may be the Danger, God only knows.' The 20th Day of 
February, 1649, was the Term appointed, by an Ad, which pafled the 2d of January pre- 
ceding, at or before which, whofoever did not fubfcribe the Engagement, was to be returned 
to the Committee, in order to their being removed from their Places in the Univerjity. By ano- 
ther Aft, which pafled February 23, 1649, the Time for taking the Engagement, was pro- 
longed a Month, viz. to the 20th of March following, and the Return to be made thereof, 
April 10. And as the Expedient, offered, as above, by the Univerfity, inftead of fubfcribing 
the Engagement, was rejeded by the Committee ; fo it is probable, that on, or before the lateft 
Time prefix'd, Mr. Pocock either appeared, and abfolutely refufed to fubfcribe, or elfe, that he 
lapfed the Time in Abfence, and was returned accordingly. From the Refolution^ which 
pafled againfl: him in the Committee, the 24th of OSfober follov/ing, it (hould feem probable, 
that the latter was really the Cafe. For the Words of the Refolution are, not, that he re- 
fufed to take and fubfcribe, but, that he hath not taken and fubfcribed the Engagement prefcribed 
by the Aii. This is certain, that on the 20th of February, above mentioned, Mr. Pocock was 
gone for London, and fhortly expefted to return, as appeats from a Letter of that very Date 
to Mrs. Pocock, from Mr. Sparkes of Corpus-Chrijii, in which he fays, ' There had been 

' a Conference between fome Parliament Men and divers Minifters in London, of which the 
' Cdnclufion was, that they were to expeSl no Favour, tinlefs they did fubfcribe? But notwith- 
ftanding this. Dr. Langhaine, and Mr. Greaves, ufed all their Endeavours to fave Mr. Pocock, 
and others of the Univerfity, from the Ruin, that threatened them, for not having fubfcribed 
the Engagement. The former writes thus to him, April 5, 165:0, ' I have made as ftiany 
' Friends for you as for any Man ; the General doth enquire after you, of every ont. that 

* comes from Oxford, of your Welfare. We have ftudied a '' pretty Diverfion for a Month ; 
' we fhall hereby gain this half Year's Rent. We have fent an Expfefs to the Lord Lieutenant 
' of Ireland, who is coming over, to defire him to intercede for the Univerfity* I cannot find, 
that any Thing was efFefted by this laft Expedient, nor that any Thing more was done in the 
Affair, till the 21ft of June following, when an Order was pafled in the Houfe, ' That the 

* Committee for regulating the Univerfities, fliould examine what Oflficers, Mafliers, Fel- 

* lows, i^c. did negle(5l, or refufe to take the Engagement, puffuant to the late Aft for that 

* Purpofe -, and fliould have Power to difplace them, and place other able and fit Perfons in 

* their Room.' It is probable, that fome fliill feverer Refolution, concerning the Univerfity, 
was at this Time expefted. For, in Anfwer to a Letter of Mr. Pocock's, in which he defired 
Information about the Truth of fuch a Report, Mr. Selden writes to him, Aug. 26, ' That he 

* was afraid fome fuch Thing would pafs concerning the Univerfity ; and he doubted it would 

* not be poflible to exempt any Man from it.' He adds, ' But if I can, in that or any Thing 
' elfe, do what may be advantageous to you, I fliall and will ufe my utmoft Endeavours.' 
Sept. 6, of the fame Year, Mr, Greaves writes thus : * I have often conferr'd with our noble 
' Friend (who fliewed me your Letter, and much pitied your Cafe) we both could think 

* of no better Courfe, than to put off your Bufinefs, and to gain Time. Many Things in 

* the mean While may happen. It is believ'd (continues he) which you may keep to yourfelf, 

* that Engagers, of what Quality foever, will be removed out of the Univerfities. I would 
' therefore advife you, not to quit your Pofleflion of your Living. For the Committee here 
' cannot ejeft you thence.' His Friends laboured, to the lafl:, for his Prefervation. Dr. 
Langbaine put Mr. Selden in Mind of the irreparable Lofs the Univerjity would fujlain in the Re- 
moval of Mr. Pocock. And Mr. Selden himfelf, in a kind Letter he wrote to him, had aflured 
him of his utmofl: Affe5lion and Service, telling him, ' That thefe were no more than what 

It, his excellent Merit, and the many Advantages he had receiv'd from him, highly deferv'd.' 
"But all their Endeavours could defer the fatal Vote of the Comrttittee againfl: Mr. Pocock no 
longer than the 24th of OEtober ; at which Time, the two following Refolutions paffed. 

1. ' Th at it does appear to this Committee, that Edward Pocock, Collegiate Prebend of 

* Ghrift -Church, hath not taken and fubfcribed the Engagement prefcribed by the Aft, 

2. ' Th AT the Committee will proceed on this Day Fortnight to nominate another, to fup- 
' ply the Place of Mr, Edward Pocock, Collegiate Prebend of Chrijl-Church.' 

Accordingly, the 7th of the following Month, the Committee refolved, 

* That Mr. Peter French be Collegiate Prebend of Chrijl-Church, in the Place of 

* Mr. Pocock: 

And acccordingly a fpecial Order of the faid Committee, for placing the faid Peter French in. 
the Place of the faid Mr. Pocock, iffued, reciting, ' That the Place of the faid Mr. Pocock, be- 
' came void, for hot taking and fubfcribing the Engagement.' 

Considering the Perfon put into Mr. Pococ/^s Canonry, it was no Wonder, that all 
the Interefl: of his Friends to keep him in, proved without Effeft. For this Mr. French had 
married a Sifter of Oliver CroMtvell, and therefore a Vacancy muft be made to provide for him. 
^ This was the Prolongation of the Term for taking th,e Engagement. 

• I His 



^2 The L I F E of - 

H 1 s refufing the Engagement, which thus coft him his Prebend, did not prefently affeft his 
other Preferments, in Oxford. But in no long Time (probably about the Beginning of T)e^ 
cetnber) the Committee refolving, that all Non-Engagers fliould be turned out of the Univer- 
fity, he was alfo to quit both his Leftures, This was a Thing he had Reafon to expeft as 
unavoidable. And that he looked for no other Treatment, appears from a Letter of his, 
dated, Nov. 30, to George Hornius, a learned Profeflbr of Hiftory in the Univerfity of Gucl- 
dres. In which we fee him declare his prefent Condition, and his Apprehenfions for the /«* 
ture, together with the honeft and prudent Maxims, by which he had hitherto conduced him- 
felf, and conformably to which, he religioufly purpofed to behave in all Times to come. 

* My Affairs, fays he, are reduced to fuch a Cri/ts, that, unlefs I meddle in Things, wherein 
' I am refolved never to intermeddle [meaning the Engagement'^ I fliall be turned out of all 

* Profeflbrfhips in the Univerfity, or rather, am already [in Effeft] turned out. I have 

* learnt, and made it the unalterable Principle of my Soul, to keep Peace, as far as in me lies, 
' with all Men ; to pay due Reverence and Obedience to the higher Powers, and to avoid all 
' Things, that are foreign to my Profcffion or Studies ; but to do any Thing, that may ever 
' fo little moleft the Quiet of my Confcience, would be more grievous, than the Lofs not 
' only of my Fortunes, but even of my Life. But pleafe. Sir, to be aflured, that I never 
' followed thefe Studies with mercenary Views ; and, therefore, when it fhall pleafe God (as 
' I truft in his endlefs Bounty that it will) to vouchsafe me a fafe and obfcure Retirement, I 

* will, with greater Alacrity than ever, apply myfelf to thefe Studies, and promote them with 

* my beft Endeavours.' Who can read thefe golden Lines, without fecretly wifhing, that 
every Votary to Religion and Learning, was endowed with a good Portion of that Spirit, 
which animated this excellent Man ? As inattentive as the prefent Age is to Principles, and 
a Zeal for Literature, a few fuch Examples would revive the Credit of both, by making 
them no longer confidered as the Scaffolding of Ambition, but as the Dictates of a difinte- 
refted Love of Truth, and of Mankind. 

I N a little Time after this, the expeded Blow was ftruck. And a particular Vote paffed^ 
as it fliould feem, to deprive Mr. Pocock of both his Leftures, or however to turn him out of 
the Univerfity ; which in Effedt was the fame Thing. When this Vote paffed we cannot pre- 
cifely fay. But it muft have been fome Time m December, 1650, and probably, about the 
Middle of that Month. The News of this coming to Oxford, many there were fo fenfible of 
the Damage the Univerfity would undergo, by the turning out a Perfon, whofe Learning was 
fo very ufeful and ornamental to it, that, without his Requeft or Knowledge, they drew up a 
Petition to the Committee for his Continuance ; in the Form following. 

7*0 the Right Honourable the Committee of Parliament for regulating the Univerfities . 

THE Humble Petition of fever al, the Governors of Houfes, Publick Officers, Mafiers of 
Arts, and other Graduates, and Students of the Univerfity of Oxford, 

Sh EWE T H, 

That your Petitioners conceiving Mr. Edward Pocock (late Prebend of Chrijt -Church) to 
be a Man of a very ingenuous and peaceable Converfation, excellently learned in the Oriental 
Languages -, and confidering, that there is no Power or Truft of Government going along 
with the Hebrew and Arabick Leftures, in this Univerfity ; That the Stipend of both is but 
a very fmall Maintenance, and (fliould they be put into feveral Hands) no way competent for 
a learned Man ; That he is able (above any we have heard of) to difcharge them both, as 
having travelled abroad, and been trained up, for many Years, in the midft of thofe Tongues 
and Nations j That he hath been very ufeful here, and a great Ornament to this Univerfity, 
where we underftand he defires ftill, in all peaceable Manner, to continue to ferve this State, 
and his own Country, in this Employment : 

W E therefore humbly pray, that out of that Zeal you bear to the Advancement of 
Learning (this Part efpecially, fo ufeful in itfelf, and fo generally this Day promoted 
in thefe Wefliern Nations) and as an Aft of your Favour and Clemency, you will be 
pleafed to fufpend the Execution of the late Vote, as to the Arabick Lefture, at leaft, 
till fuch Time as you fliall be provided of fome other Perfon, who in Regard of his A- 
^ ' bilities, ftull be thought fit to fucceed in that Place with Satisfadlion to the Univerfity. 

And your Petitioners fhall ever pray. 

fohn Wilkins, Warden of Wadh. Dan. Greenwood, Vice-can. Oxon. 

Jofhua Croffe, L. L. D, Paul Hood, Reftor C. Li 

Geo. Marjhall, ^.C.C Edmund Staunton, C C. C. Frttt. 

Tho. Owen, Sen. Proc. Gerard Langbaine, Pr. of Qu. Coll. 

Henry Cornifh Robt. Harris, Preft. Trin. 

Ralph Bulton ■• Phil. Stephens, Proc. Jun. 

John IVallis John Milwafh 

Tho. Smith Robt. Hancock 

Jofhua North Chriftopher Rogers, Princip. New-Inn-Hall 

Fra. Howell. i • Befides 



»!y>'.'W! 



Dr. EDWARD P O C O C K. 



33 



Befides thefe, were fubfcribed the Names of thirty eight Mafters of ArtSj and Bachelors 
of Law. The Reader will obferve, that among the principal Subfcribers, there were but two 
of the old Stamp, viz. Dr. Hood, Redlor of Lincoln College, and Dr. Langbaine of S^ueen'^ ; 
the reft being, I think, except the two Prodors, Intruders into the Places of ejeded Loyalifts. 
Nor was it to be wondered at, that fo many new Men fhould join in this Petition j confidering 
how great a Reproach it would be upon their Friends, the Regulators^ and, in fome Sort, 
upon themfelves, to remove a Man of fuch Eminence for Learning and Piety from fuch 
Places, as no Body was found fufficiently qualified to fupply. Indeed, fome Endeavours had 
been made ufe of to prevent this Reproach, by procuring a proper Succeflbr to Mr. Pocock ; 
but they prov'd ineflPedual. It appears from a Letter, written about this Time, by one of his 
Oxford Friends, that Manajfeh Ben Ifrael had been defired to fend over a learned Jew 
of his Acquaintance, in Holland ; but that Jew, being lately turn'd Chrifiian, was more 
inclin'd to accept of- an Offer he had from fome Proteftants in France, and Manajfeh, 
being offended at his Converfion, would not concern himfelf any farther with him. 
Chrijiianus Ravius alfo, who came into England about two Years before, in hopes that 
the Godly Parliament, as he cali'd it, in a Letter to Mr. Pocock, would do great Things 
for him, was long encouraged, by the Committee, to exped their Favour. And, indeed, 
as Mr. Greaves gave Account of the Matter, he often feem'd not unwilling to accept 
the Preferments of one, that, as has been obferved already, was formerly very kind and 
helpful to him. But the Reprefentations that were made to Ravius, by feveral of Mr. Po- 
ceck's Friends in London, particularly by Mr. Selden, in whom Ravius placed great Confidence^ 
and by Archbijhop UJher (who had given this Man a Salary ' of twenty four Pounds a Year, 
for the Encouragement of his Studies, while he was in the Eaft) with-held him, I believe, 
from being guilty of a Thing fo infamous and ungrateful. Poffibly alfo the Committee itfelf 
might have feen fo much into Ravius's Indifcretions, as to think he would, notwithftanding 
his Knowledge of the Languages, do no Credit, in the Main, to their Nomination. For, as 
he fet out at firft for the Ea/i, without the Caution which common Prudence would have fug- 
gefted, fo he feems all along to have aded after a weak and ridiculous Manner. Mr. John 
Greaves, in a Letter to Mr. Pocock, about the Year 1645 or 1646, difcovers the Notion they 
both had of him, and fupplies us with a pleafant Inftance of his injudicious and trifling Condud. 

* I fend you, fays he, thefe Papers ( which I have lately receiv'd from Mr. Ravius) for your 

* Perufal ; I have not been fo merry fince thefe fad Diftradions, as upon reading of thefe ; and 

* how much Mirth, think you, fhall I have, when he fhall blefs the World with the reft, as 

* he promifes ? If I have laught (yet with fome kind of Pity of the Man) at his Perftani 

* how much more will you fmile at his Per/tan and Arabick ? A little before, I receiv'd a Let- 

* ter from him, by the Hands of an honourable Friend of yours, in which he writ, that he 

* had dedicated a Book to me ; the firft Noife of it almoft put me into a cold Sweat, but after 

* that I found it was dedicated to no lefst han fix Score, befides myfelf, and that you and 

* your Friend were in the Number, I recovered myfelf, and grew warm again. He is now 

* at Leyden, where, when I fee him, I fhall give him the beft Counfel I can, and advife him 

* to make his Follies lefs publick.' Upon the Whole, no Body being found, of any tolerable 
Abilities, for the Difcharge of the Arabick and Hebrew Ledures, the Committee for regulating 
the Univerfities, upon the Petition before mentioned, with fo many favourite Hands to it, 
and, doubtlefs, ftrongly feconded by Mr. Selden, was contented to fufpend the Execution of 
their Vote againft Mr. Pocock. I cannot certainly fix the Date of that Petition, but conclude, 
that it was in the Month of December. For Mr. Samuel Clarke, Dec. 30, anfwered one of 
Mr. Pocock's, which acquainted him with the Petition, and the Hopes of Succefs therefrom, 
tho' he had heard of both before from another Hand. ' I was very glad, fays that learned 

* Perfon, of the News, both on behalf of the Univerfity, that now they begin to be fenfible 

* of their Lofs, when they fuffer themfelves to be deprived of their worthieft Members, and 

* fomething too on your Behalf, that you have fome Hopes left of preferving a Plank out of 

* this your Shipwreck.' To conclude this Affair, Mr. Pocock enjoy'd both thefe Places without 
any Difturbance, that I can meet with any Account of, taking a Chamber in Baliol-College^ 
for his Refidence, when oblig'd to be in Oxford. 

Tho' the Troubles he had thus been in for feveral Years together, were a fufficieht Em- 
ployment for his Thoughts, they did not difcourage him, however, from going on, at the 
fame Time, with a learned Work, which was publiftied at Oxford in the latter End of the 
Year 1649. This was his Specimen Hijloria Arabum, containing a ftiort Difcourfe, in Arabick^ 
with his Latin Tranflation of it, and his large and very ufeful Notes on it. The Difcourfe 
itfelf is taken out of the general Hiftory of Gregorius Abul-Farajius, being his Introdudion 
to his ninth Dynafiy (for into ten Dynafties that Author divided his Work) where, being about 
to treat of the Empire of the Saracens, or Arabians, he gives a compendious Account of that 
People before Mahomet, as alfo of that Impofior himfelf, and the new Religion introduc'd by 
him, and of the feveral Seds into which it was divided. And Mr. Pocock's Notes on this 
Difcourfe are a CoUedion of a great Variety of Things, relating to thofe Matters, out of 

Vol. I. ' K more 



Archbiftiop Uflier's Letters, publifh'd by Dr. Parr, Num. 364. 



34 The L I F E of 

more than an hundred ArahUk Mamfcripts^ a Catalogue of which he adds in the End of 
hb Book, 

To give a brief Account of fomc of the chief Things contained in thefe Notes: Having 
(hewn in them, for what Reafons thofe People were called Arabians and Saracens, he firft fets 
down fome of the moft confiderable Matters, that were to be met with concerning their moft 
antient Tribes ; and then proceeding to thofe Times, the Hiftory of which is of greater Cer- 
tainty, he notes the feveral Kingdoms, into which they liad been divided ; mentioning the 
Kings in each that were any way famous, and the particular Tranfadions, for which they were 
remarkable. Coming to treat of the Cuftoms both of thofe Arabians, which led a wandering 
Life, moving from Place to Place, as Opportunities of Pafturage or Rapine invited them, and 
of thofe who had fettled Habitations in Villages and Towns, he begins with a pretty large Ac- 
count of their Gods, and idolatrous Worfhip, particularly of their Caaba, or Temple at 
Mecca, of the black Stone in one of the Corners of it, which had (o much Veneration, and 
of fome other Things taken afterwards by Mahomet, as thefe two were, into his new Religion. 
And then he proceeds to the Learning they had amongft them in thofe Days, which was 
chiefly made up of Skill in their own Language, Poetry, Oratory, and fome Knowledge of the 
Stars. Under thefe laft Heads he treats of the Dialeft of Hamyar, long fince loft, which he 
guefles, from a few Words of it, yet remaining, to have had a much nearer Agreement with 
the Hibrew Language, at leaft with Syriack, than the Dialed of the Korafhites, which ftill con- 
tinues. He fhews the vaft Extent of this Tongue, which is, indeed, to be wonder'd at, 
fince Letters were but of very late Ufe amongft them -, being, as he obferves, firft invented 
by Moramer, the Son of Morra, a few Years before Mahomet. But the Prefcrvation. of \iiy 
as alfo of their antient Hiftory, he believes to be the Effed of their Poetry. For it was 
a Cuftom amongft them, for many Ages, to throw all remarkable Things into Verfes, 
which being carefully learnt, fupplied the Place of Books. Of their Oratory, he fhews. they 
had a great Opinion, and, indeed, notwithftanding their W^ant of Letters, it was not con- 
temptible. For fome of them, by much Praftice, would arrive at fuch a Way of making 
Speeches, on any Occafion of Moment, as was very prevailing with the People. But as for 
their Skill in the Stars, he obferves, that it was not for any Ends of ufeful Knowledge, but 
fome fuperftitious and foolifh Purpofes. For, as the Chaldeans introduc'd a Way of divining 
by the Planets, fo the Arabians and Indians pretended to do the like by thefxed Stars. 

The Things already mentioned, and more which are omitted, relate to the Arabians in 
their State of Ignorance ; for fo they call the Times before Mahomet. Mr. Pocock's next 
Work, in thefe Notes, is, to give fome Account of that Impoftor, whofe true Name was Mo' 
bammed, and of the mighty Change which he made in the Opinions and Affairs of that Peo- 
ple. Keeping, therefore, to the Text of Abul-Farajius, he from thence takes Occafion to 
fpeak of the feigned Prophecy concerning his Birth •, the Genealogy from Ifhmael ; the Time 
when he was born ; the Death of Abdollah his Father -, his Marriage with Chadijah, and the 
Speech of Abu Taleb his Unkle, on that Occafion ; his Flight from Mecca to Medina ; his 
changing the Keblah, or direfting the Face in Prayer from Jerufalem to the Caaba ; the Infti- 
tution of the Faft in the Month Ramadan ; his Sicknefs, Death and Burial. Having thus 
confidered the principal Paflages of Mahomet's Life, and remark'd fome of thofe Things 
which are faid concerning his many Wives, and his Daughter Phatema, he fhews how fome of 
his Followers have attempted to juftify the new Religion he eftablifhed, both from the Tefti^ 
mony of Holy Scripture, and Pretences to feveral Miracles, efpecially that, which the falfe 
Prophet himfelf would have to be efteemed the greateft Miracle of all, the inimitable Ele- 
gancy of his Alcoran. He explains the Nature of that School Divinity, which hath been in 
great Requeft amongft them, as alfo of that Knowledge or Skill in determining Controverfies 
about Right and Wrong, which gives the higheft Reputation of Learning to them, that ar- 
rive at Perfeftion in it, and hath fome Refemblance, he fays, to the Study amongft us of the 
Civil and Canon Laws. After a fhort View of the chief Points of their Religion, which have 
been fubjed to Controverfy, he hath a great deal concerning the moft famous of their many 
Se£ls. For, according to a pretended Prophecy of Mahomet, they reckon up no lefs than Se- 
venty Three. And from the many Inftances he produces, of the Opinions held by the mofl 
confiderable of thefe, in Oppofition to one another, it is manifeft, that the Difputes about 
the Divine Attributes, Predetermination, God^s Decrees, and fome other Points, have been 
managed with the fame Warmth, and indeed Nicety, among them, as they have been among 
fome Chriftians. But that the Mahometan Faith might be known, amidft the different Senti- 
ments of the feveral Parties, he fets down, out o( Al-Gazalius, a long Confeflion of that which 
is held for Orthodox, jn the Original Arabick, with his own Latin Tranflation of it. He 
gives parricular Accounts of the four Perfons of greateft Fame amongft them, for Knowledge 
in their Laws, each of them giving Name to a diftincft Seft, or School, of thofe that ftudy 
them ; he ftrews what their AJonnah or Tradition is, and the Authority it is of amongft them. 
He explains the fve fundamental Duties, which they are efpecially obliged to, being Cleanlinefs 
in feveral Parts of their Bodies, and Cloathing, Prayers, Alms, Peking, and going in Pilgri- 
mage to Mecca. And under this laft Duty of Pilgrimage, he mentions thofe Rites of it, 
which were requir'd, they fay, as Inftances of their Obedience, without having in them any 

I moral 



Dr. E D W A R D P O C O C K. 



35 



moral Goodnefs ; fuch as their running feven Times between Safa and Marwah ; their going as 
often round the Caaba, and their throwing Stones into the Valley of Mena. He fpeaks of 
Itheir Obfervation of Friday, and of that Reft they think themfelves obliged to on it ; as alfo 
of Circumcifion, as it is us'd among them. Finally, he explains feveral antient Cuftoms of 
the Arabians, forbidden by Mahomet, as unworthy the Religion he eftablifhed, tho' he re- 
tained many that are not lefs ridiculous. 

And as he has thus given, in thefe Notes, a large Account of the true Opinions of the 
Mahometans ; fo he has taken Care, upon proper Occafions, to do them Juftice, by vindicating 
them from fuch Things, as have been faften'd on them, without fufficient Ground ; as parti- 
cularly that Charge of Idolatry, brought againft them by Euthymius, and fome other Greek 
Writers-, and alfo thofe Stories, that are current in thefe Wefteni Parts, of the Expe(5tation 
they are under, of the Return of Mahomet ; of his Body's being put into an Iron Cheft, and 
fufpended by a Loadftone ; and of the Dove, that was taught by him to fly to his Ear. 

Besides the Things already obferv'd, he has, in thefe Notes, many critical Remarks, 
of great Ufe to thofe that ftudy the Arab T'ongue : And he has alfo taken Occafion to infert 
in feveral Places, fome curious Things, which the Author he explain'd, did not direftly lead 
him to. Thus he gives a Defcription of Mecca, out of Sharif ol Edreji ; he (hews what the 
Superftition of the antient Sabii was, which, as Maimonides obferves, had fpread itfelf over 
the greateft Part of the World. He gives an Account of the Magi, who were very nu- 
merous, not only in Perfia, and India, but in Arabia too, thinking it probable, that thofe 
were of this laft Country, who came into Judea to worfhip our Saviour. He has a fliort Dif- 
courfe out of an Arabian Phyjician, concerning the Power of fome Kinds of Food, to change 
the Temper and Difpofition of thofe that eat them. He alfo confiders the State of Learning 
amongft the latter Arabians, as it had been advanc'd, firft by Abu Jaafar Almanfor, and after- 
wards by Ahnamon, and fome following Emperors. And he feems to agree with Sir Henry 
Savil, in the Opinion he quotes him for, that the Progrefs made by them in ingenious Studies, 
was fo great, that they hardly came behind the Greeks themfelves. 

This Book he dedicated to his great Patron, Mr. Selden, who had fo much oblig'd him i 
not, indeed, by an Epiftle, for that Purpofe, but by a Declaration at the End of the Preface, 
that the following Work was deftgn'd by him, to be a Token of his Obfervance and Gratitude. 
And this Way he chofe, as he told him in a private Letter, in Compliance with the Cuftom of 
Arabian Writers, who have no other Way of Dedication, that ever he could obferve amongft 
them : And an Inftance he gave in Kamus, a famous Arabick Dictionary, which was dedi- 
cated in this Manner, by the Author of it, to the Honour of Ifmael, a King of thofe 
Times, wherein he wrote. Mr. Selden, upon reading the Book, was, I find, extremely pleas'd 
with it : And what Reception it met with, amongft other learned Men, is manifeft from the 
frequent Ufe hath been made of it, and the great Things have been faid of it. It was, in- 
deed, generally confider'd by them, as a convincing Proof, of what Mr. Pocock aflerts in the 
Preface to it, that the Arab Tongue contains fuch Riches, in every Kind of Learning, as have not 
yet been difcovered to the Weflern Parts of the World: And that this Work was not of the Na- 
ture of thofe Difcourfes, the Novelty of which entertains for a little Time, and then they are 
laid by and forgotten, appears by the general Efteem it ftill has, now, after fo many Years, 
and the Commendations that are conftantly given it ^, by almoft all that are any way con- 
verfant in Oriental Learning. 

Soon after he had finifti'd this Work, he began to prepare another very ufeful Book for 
the Prefs. And alfo, in the Year 1652, by the Importunity of M.r. Selden, he began to un- 
dertake the Tranflation of a large Hiftorical Difcourfe ; and in the very fame Year began to 
lend his Hand to one of the nobleft Defigns that ever was executed for the Advancement of 
Religion and Learning, the Polyglott Bible ; but he received great, and long Interruptions in 
all thefe glorious Projeds, by new Troubles that befel him, before he had finilhed any one of 
them. And tho' thefe took their Rife a confiderable Time after he embarked in the Defigns 
above-mentioned ; yet to prevent frequent Breaks in the Thread of our Narrative, it feems beft 
to give the Detail of thofe Vexations here at once, 

H E had already loft the profitable Part of his Preferment in the Univerjity, retaining only 
that, the Advantages of which did not equal the Burden ; and now the utmoft Endeavours 
were made ufe of, to deprive him alfo of his Benefice at Childry. Indeed, tho* all that he 
had, both in the Univerjity and the Country, before his Canonry was taken from him, was no 
extraordinary Encouragement for a Perfon of his uncommon Merit, whofe Studies too occa- 
fioned great Expence, and whofe Family began to be numerous ; the State of Affairs, at that 
Time, would in no wife fufFer him to hope, that he ftiould be able to keep the Whole. At 
the Beginning, therefore, of his Concern with the Vijitors, I find he had entertained Thoughts 
of leflehing the Envy of his Preferments, by refigning his Parfonage, hoping, by that Means, 

•■to 

^ Dr. Pocock's Specimen Hid. Arab, is a moft accurate and judicious Colleftion. Dr. Prideaux, late Dean of 
Norwich, in his Life of Mahomet, p. 190. Clariflimus Pocockius in Specimine Hift. Arab, quo nemo carere po- 
teft, cui Dterae Arabics in Deliciis funt. Adrianus Relandus de Religione Mohammedica, p. 86. Ultrajefti, A. 
D. 1705. Specimen Hift. Arab. Opus vere aureum, Q. Pocockii Audio elaboratum. Dignus eft hie Liber qui fspius 
legatur; eft enim quafi clavis ad quofcunque Autores Arabicos intelligendos perquam neceflaria. Sim. Okleii Intro- 
d^oad Lingu. Orientales, p. 147. Cantabrig. A. D. 1706. 



36 The L I F E of 

to fecure the Enjoyment of what he had in Oxford. But the Reprefentations made to him by 
Mr. John Greaves^ and fome other of his Friends, then in London, prevailed with him to lay 
afide that Defign. For it was manifeft to them, that a Man of his Principles, whatever he 
fhould part with, would be ftill confidered, as one that was fit to lofe more, even till he 
fhould be utterly ruin'd and undone. And in no long Time after, he was fully convinc'd of 
the Truth of what his Friends then fuggefted. For the Lofs of his Canonry at Chrift-Cburchy 
was fo far from fatisfying the Men of the "TiineSy that it gave them Encouragement to hope, 
that his good I'arfonage would now alfo become an eafy Prey. 

That he might be difpofiefs'd of this, fome ill People of his Parilh were employed to 
prefent an Information agamft him, to the Commifioners appointed by Oliver Cromwell^ for 
ejefting of ipiorant, fcandalouSy infufficient and negligent Minijiers '. One that knows nothing 
of the real Defign of that new Law, would very much wonder, how it could be poffible for 
thofe that afted by it, to bring in Queftion a Man of fuch eminent Piety, Learning and Dili- 
gence. Dr. Brian JValtony then writing to Mr. Pocock concerning the great Work at that 
Time under his Direftion, fays, ' I have heard lately (which I fhould wonder at, if any 

* Thing in thefe Times were to be wondered at) that fome malicious Perfons trouble you upon 

* the Ordinance for ejefting of Minifters. If it be true, adds he, I hope God will deliver 

* you from unreafonable and abfurd Men.* But a great Part of the Commifjioners having No- 
tions of Things very different from thofe of other People, they readily admitted the nine fol- 
lowing Articles, as a Charge againfl him, which were fign'd by Thomas Bufh^ and one Fifier. 

1 . That he had frequently made ufe of the Idolatrous Common-Prayer Book, as he 
performed Divine Service. 

2. Th AT he was difaflefted to the prefent Power. 

3. T H A T he had no Regard to Thankfgiving-Days, and thofe of Humiliation, appointed 
by Parliament ; but, on the contrary, had often prayed for the Deftruftion of it. 

4. That a certain Perfon, who preached for him, declar'd in the Pulpit, when he was 
prefent, that there were fome in the Nation, who had pull'd down the King, to make them- 
fclves Steps to climb higher. 

5. T h A T he, and feveral that officiated for him, did rail at Profeflbrs, in their Sermons. 

6. That he had been negligent in examining thofe that came to the Lord's Table. 
,' 7. Th AT he had countenanced the Profanation of the Lord's Day. 

8, That he had refus'd to fuffer fome godly Men to preach in his Pulpit. And, 

9. Th AT he had not read the Ordinance for the Obfervation of the Sabbath. 

Being fummoned to give in his Anfwers to the Particulars of this Accufation, he ap- 
pear'd at Abington, the Place appointed for it, and very fubmiffively delivered to the Commif- 
jioners, his Defence againft every Article. The Sum of which was this : Firft, as to an Ido- 
latrous Common-Prayer Book, he declar'd, that he knew no fuch Thing : But if they meant 
that which was once eftablifhed as the Liturgy of the Church of England, it feem'd ftrange to 
him, he faid, to term that Idolatrous, and thereby to accufe of Idolatry, all the Protejiantt 
fince the Reformation. Of that Liturgy too, he denied that he had made any Ufe, contrary to 
the late A£t for taking it away. The fecond and third Articles, he faid, contain'd Things that 
were falfe ; he having difcovered no Diflatisfaftion under the prefent Government, fince it was 
in being ; never prayed for the T>efiru5lion of any, and taken due Care for publick Service in 
his Church, on thofe Days, appointed by Authority, for Thankfgiving and Humiliation. As 
for thofe Words in the fourth Article, pretended to have been ^oken in his Pulpit, he had 
examined, he faid, fome of the moft conftant Hearers of Sermons in his Parifh, and they could 
remember no fuch Paffage : But if any Thing of that Kind had been deliver'd there, he that 
fpoke it, he thought, was accountable for it, and not he. Of the Railing, mentioned in the 
fifth Article, he might boldly afTert, he faid, that no Pulpit in the wholp Nation had been 
more free from that Imputation, than his ; he had never fpoken againft any Thing in that 
Place, but Sin ; but he underftood, indeed, that he had been accus'd, on that Account as 
guilty : For, having preached about juft and upright Dealing, foon after Thomas Bufh, one of 
thefe Informers, had fraudulently remov'd a Land mark on fome of his Ground, a great Way 
from its Place, the faid Bu/h had cenfur'd him for venting his Malice in the Pulpit, tho' at 
the fame Time, when he thus preach'd, he knew nothing of that Encroachment, his Servant 
having not yet acquainted him with it. He might, he faid too, be, perhaps, in like Manner, of- 
fenlive in fome other of his Sermons ; for having often preached againft Lewdnefs and fvlore- 
dom, the fame Perfon might call it Railing, as knowing what was publickly objeded to him 
by a certain Woman, of his lewd Behaviour towards her. And the other Informer might* 
for the like Reafon, be as much offended alfo at fome of his Difcourfes againft Pro- 
fanenefs and Drunkennffs. As to the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, it was well known he 
faid, by all that frequented his Church, to which his Accufers never came, that before it 'was 
celebrated, the Dodrine of it was in the plaineft Manner duly opened ; People warn'd of the 
Duty and Danger, and earneftly exhorted to look to their Preparations 5 and that fome, whom 
he thought unfit, were put back. Any Profanation of the Lord's Day, he told them,' he was 
fo far from countenancing, that, according to his Power, he had laboured to prevent it. It 

* was 

I This Aft was nude, Aug. 28, 1654. 



Dr. E D W A R D P O C O C K. 37 

was known, he faid, how often he had call'd on the People of his Pariih, at leaft, to fend 
their Children and their Servants to be catechized ; how often he had fent the Clerk out of the 
Church, after their Children, and even gone himfelf to them. And that the Officers were to 
be blamed for not doing that by their Authority^ which he could not by his Perfuaftons. He 
added too, that he had been inform'd, by Perfons of good Credit, that the Children of the 
Informer, 'Thomas Bujh, had been chiefly guilty of fuch Profanation ; that on the laft Lord's 
Day, fince this Complaint was made, a Son of the faid Bujh had made a Noife in Time of 
reading the Scriptures, to the Difturbance of the Congregation ; and that the other Acculant, 
being Church-PP'arden, had been complain'd to of People's playing on that Day, and yet 
would take no Care to reftrain them. As for his prohibiting godly Men to preach in his Churchy 
he own'd, indeed, that he had onc& refus'd a Man, whom the Informer BuJh had brought 
thither for that Purpofe, preaching at the fame Time himfelf. And this, he faid, he would 
neither deny nor be a(hamed of, when the Thing fhould be examined by them, to whom fuch 
Matters belong'd. Finally, the lafl; Article, about the Ordinance for the Obfervation of the 
Lord's Day, he declar'd to be falfe, it being well known, he faid, that he had read it. And 
then having aflur'd them, that the Anfwer he had thus made to the feveral Things he had 
been charg'd with, was true, he defired the Commiffioners, that they would be pleafed to 
queftion him on fuch Things alone, as were proper for their Gognifance, according to their Com- 
miffion, leaving the other to fuch Courts, as they belonged to ; and alfo, that they would 
make the Perfons, who, as it was pretended, fhould come and witnefs againfl: him, well to be 
advifed of, and to underftand, what they were to fwear to. 

After this Anfwer had been put in, it was concluded, by feveral of Mr. Pocock's Friends, 
that the Profecution againfl: him would ceafe. But they were miftaken in the Matter : For on 
Feb. 12, 1654, feven or eight Witnefles appear'd before the Commiffioners ?itAbington, to prove 
the feveral Articles againfl him. 

T o make out the frjl Article, feveral of them depos'd, that he had us'd Part of the Com- 
mon-Prayer ; for he commonly, they faid, began Divine Service with thefe Words, Almighty and 
inoji merciful Father. One of them added, that he had made ufe of a Part of it at a Burial. 
Another, that, on Eafter-Day lafi, he had adminflred the Sacrament in the old Way. And a 
third," that a little after thofe Words, Almighty and moft merciful Father, he had faid, Praife ye 
the Lord. A fourth charg'd him with faying the whole Confeffion. And a fifth, with repeating 
the Abfolution, or the Subflance of it. 

For the Proof of the fecond Article, two or three of them teftified, that fame Perfons 
ivbom he had entertained, and fome that officiated for him, had been difaffeSfed to the -pre fent 
Power. And as for Mr. Pocock himfelf, one of them declar'd, that about the Time of Nafeby 
Fight, he prayed for the fhattering and deftroying of thofe, that rofe up in Arms againfl the King, 
and that he had never heard him pray for the Parliament, or any of their Forces. Another 
fwore, that tho' be could not remember the particular Expreffions, he was very well fatisfied, that 
Mr. Pocock did rail at the Government ; for which Reafon, he had long with-drawn himfelf 
from hearing him. And another Zealot depos'd, that upon a Faft-Day, appointed about the Be- 
ginning of the War, he had prayed, that the Lord would feat ter, difcomfit, and- deftroy all thofe 
that rofe up againjt his Majejly ; which was the Caufe, he faid, that he then forfook his Miniftry, 
having no Freedom, or Comfort, to hear him afterward. 

To t)iQ third Article, zhout Humiliation and Thankjgiving-Days, appointed by the Parlia- 
ment, feveral of them teftified, that he was commonly abfent on them •» and that it was a Kind 
of Proverb in the Parifh, at fuch Times, That now Mr. Pocock was either Jick or a/ Oxford. 
Some of them alfo added, that he, and thofe that officiated for him on fuch Days, faid fo little of 
the Nature of them, that when the Service was over, the People knew nothing of the Matter. 

O F the Words in the fourth Article, faid to be fpoken in Mr. Pocock's Pulpit, no Tefti- 
mony was given, by more than one Perfon ; and he could neither name the Man that fpake 
them, nor aflign the Time when. 

As for railing againfl Profeflbrs, the Charge in th& fifth Article, one of them teftified, that 
one Mr. Yeels, as be preach' d for Mr. Pocock, about four Years before, was guilty of it \ be- 
caufe be warned them, as this Deponent faid, not to come into the Yards of fuch as did not come 
to the publick Minijlry. Another depos'd, that one Mr. Hall had railed much againji Profeffbrs, 
and the People of the Nation, for not helping the King out of bis Bonds : As alfo, that he had 
thefe Words in one of his Sermons : Mark thefe Fellows : They have Bibles on their Tables, but 
Whips behind their Doors ; they lead filly Women captive, who are ft ill learning, yet never attain 
to Knowledge of the Truth. However, moft of them declar'd, that they could not charge 
Mr. Pocock himfelf in this Matter. Only one of them faid, that he had given Hints to that 
Purpofe i and another, that he had call'd Profefjors, Schifmaticks, Separatifts, and Deceivers ;' 
meaning, as this Deponent apprehended, fuch as did not come to bear him. 

T o the fixth Article, about his not examining People before the Sacrament, feveral depos'd, 
that they never knew him pra5iife it. One of them, notwithftanding, acknowledged, that one 
Perfon had been put back. But then this Deponent and another declar'd, that he had admitted 
fuch as were Railers againft Profeffiors., calling them Roundheads, and faying they would cut 
tbeir Throats. 

Vol. I. ,, , -L ,. About 



38 The LIFE of ' 

About his countenancing the Profanation of the Lord's Day, in the feventb Articky 
fome of them deciar'd, they could not ajfert any fitch Thing ; others faid, that he had not re- 
proved thofe that were guilty $/ it. But one ef them could not but cbnfefs the contrary, and 
that when People were playing in the Church-yard, Mr. Pocock had gone forth to call them in 
to Catechifm. 

That he had deny'd to fome g6dly Men the Liberty of pfeaching in his Pulpit, accord- 
ing to the eighth Article, they endeavoured to make out, by inftancing in one Mr. Pendarves^ 
to whoni Mr. Pocock would not give Leave, a wandering Anabaptift Preacher, Author of a 
Book call'd. Arrows againfi Babylon ". They alfo named one Mr. Steed ; but he was not, as 
fome of them acknowledg'd, rcfus'd by Mr. Pocock, who was abfent, but by thofe who had 
the Care of his Affairs at Childry, when this Steed came to preach there, 
t T H E ninth and laft Article, that he had not read the Ordinance for the Obfervation of the 
Sabbath, appeared to be perfe<ftly groundlefs ; all that either of them could fay about it being, 
that, four or five Tears before, the Book bad been carried to Mr. Pocock in the midfi of Divine 
Serbice^ end that he thereupon faid, it fhould have been brought to him at home, and that he could 
not then tell whether he fhould read it or no. 

Th rs is the Sum of what thofe zealous and forward Witnefles depos'd againft Mr. Pocock, 
after '.a diligent Inquiry into every Paflage of his Life. And amongft the Things they thus 
teftified, as fome were really to his Honour, in the Opinion of all good Men ; fo others were 
much mifreprefented, and others notorioufiy falfe. The fame Witnefles too being, on his De- 
mand, examin'd, according to Cuftom, on fome Interrogatories on his Behalf, notwithftand- 
ing all their Malice, and the little Regard they had for Truth, could not but own, that for 
his Life and Converfation, they had nothing to charge him -with. And one of the moft fpiteful 
of them all was even forced to declare, that he believed him to be as civil a Man, as went uport 
the Ground. But Innocence and Goodnefs are not a fufficient Fence againft the Rage of evil 
Men ; fome of thefe Witnefles, therefore, having made fuch Steps towards his Ruin, took 
what further Meafures they could, thoroughly to effeft it ; and, fot that Purpofe, foon after, 
they prefented a Paper to the Commiffioners, a true Copy of which I Ihall here add. For tho* 
fuch a Mixture of Ignorance, Malice, and Enthu/tafm, may prove an Exercife of the Reader's 
Patience, it will give him, however, fome Idea of the fad Fruits of thofe wretched Times, 
and of the Infults which the beft of Men were then expos'd to. 

t * An Ahfwer to thb reproachful Declaration, put into the Court of Godly Commiflloners, 
* by Mr. Pococki at Abington, with a Propofal of our Defuts tp be granted by the Com- 
» mifliorte^. ^^-^"^^ ..:>jD m,. > ,tivi"n,l ■ ..i^^S .-uVi i. > r;. ; 

*■ * F I R s t. He doth declare the godly Aftions of thofe Magiftrates, in former Days, com- 
\-peliing the Common-Prayer to be us'd, to draw the Nation from that grofs Idolatry they 
^■. were then under. But it had been a more glorious Work^ if they had proved faithful to 

* Jefus Chrift, if they had thrown down the Traditions of Men, Rudiments of the ido- 
' latrous World, which is not after Chrift the Head of the Church, as it hath pleafed God 

* our Magiftrates have done at this Time, being found in the Mafs-Book. And that it was 

* a literal Service, in the Room of fpiritual Service, which is only acceptable to the Father s 
' and fuch a Worftiip, and fuch Worfhipers, that offer up fpiritual Sacrifices, which are ac- 
«^ceptable to the Lord Jefus Chrift. Therefore it was voted down five Years fince, being 
<j^manifeft it was the great Idol of the Nation, and not divine, but merely human. And it 
i is manifeft in the holy Scriptures, to fet up their Pofts by the Lords, is Idolatry. His 
*^ Highnefs, with his G>unfel, hath ordained this Court, therefore, to remove from their 

* Place all fuch Minifters, as fha'l at any Time make ufe of this Service, after January laft 
V was Twelve-month. 

' * Secondly, He hath reproached thofe that have teftified their Knowledge of him, 
«. from good Experience they have had of him j eVer fince he came to Childry ; to render 
» them and their Teftimony to this Court ridiculbus and odious. But it is manifeft Satan had 
♦. Inftruments in his Hand, to reproach Jefus Chrift, who is the only Way, the Truth, and 

* the Life ; and by the learned Clergy accounted a Deceiver, and ufed all Means poffible to 
*' delude the World after his Suffering, that he rofe not again the third Day j altho* the Al- 
\ mighty Hand was fignally feen, in ftriking their ftrift Watch they fet as dead Men, and 
•, fowled the Stone from the Sepulchre, and rais'd him Up by his Almighty Power the third 
« iDay, according to the Scripture. Yet after they knew the Truth, they gave the Soldiery 
*■. double Money, to report he was ftolen away, and the World believed the Report, but they 

* could not deceive ^the Eleft by it. If Satan, that old Enemy, can reproach the Head, 'tis 

* no Marvel if he raife all Manner of Reproaches on his poor contemptible Servants, whom 
' the Lord Jefus hath chofen out of the World ; yet we humbly conceive it our Duty, with 

* all the People of God, both to the Lord Jefus Chrift, to our godly Magiftrates, and to this 
» Court, to give in our Knowledge, and Teftimony, of any Truth we know againft publick 

* Mmifters, who, from our Experience, are difaffefted to the Reformation the Lord hath 

• wrought, 

'• ' •" -"^ " Vid. Athen. Own. Vol- II. p. la?. 



Dr. E D W A R D P O C O C K. 39 

* wrought, with thier DirafFedtion to the Reformers, and alfo their Envy 'Mall 'tliofe tKat are 
' made willing, by the Day of God's Power, to be reformed. And to this End alfo, which 
' is not the leaft, that the common Enemy may not ftill be encouraged and ftrengthened 
« againft his Highnefs, his Counfel, and Army ; whoril the Lord hath the only Inftruments 

* in his Hands to fubdue the common Enemy in the three Nations, and a Wall of Defence 

* to preferve the Godly, from the Fury and Rage of the malicious, wicked World, which 

* knows not them, becaufe they know not him, who alone is their Prince and Saviour, whofe 

* Voice they know and follow, and know not the Voice of Strangers -, therefore they hate 

* them the more. And farther, we could anfwer all the Particulars caft on us, had we his 

* Copy, and could declare what Perfons Satan made ufe of in the Bufinefs ; we could tell 

* you of all thofe that ftand for him, how they are afFefted, and fpeak Truth from good Ex- 

* perience, and of himfelf alfo ; but we are made to hate Reviling for Reviling, and would 

* have been filent at this Time, had it been our own Caufe, and not troubled the Court -, but 

* we conceive it a Duty incumbent upon us from the Lord, being a Work he hath wrought, to 

* reform the Nation, according to Truth and Righteoufnefs, which he labours to darken, by 

* reproaching us to this Court : Yet, we are not afhamed of our Teftimony and good AfFec- 

* tion to the Work of the Lord, committed to this Court, which we truft they will perform 

* with Zeal and Faithfulnefs, in Truth and Righteoufnefs, to the Glory of God, and the re- 
' forming thofe weighty Things that concerns their Truft, and Well-being of the Nation. 

* Alfo we intreat this Court, to give us the fame Liberty as he had, to crofs-examine their 
' Witnefles, as he did ours, and himfelf and Witnefles exempt, the Court, in Time of Ex- 

* amination, calling in one by one, the Door being kept clofe, as was for us, that one may 

* not hear the other's Teftimony, that Truth may not go in Contempt, and Falftiood take 

* place -, which is our Defires, and had rather any of our Tongues fhould cleave to the Roof 

* of our Mouths, than maintain any Falftiood or witnefs Lies. But for fear of Greatnefs, or 
' Favour, or the like, divers Perfons, of the forwardeft Adors, hath diflented with divers 

* others, who engaged to clear the Depofitions more fully, withdraws ; feeing us in great 

* Contempt, and under Threatenings ; and others will not come in, altho' fummon'd with 
' your Warrants, which have declared, that his own Child, laft Spring, was baptiz'd with th6 
' Common-Prayer, with Godfathers and Godmothers, in the Prefence of four or five Mi- 

* nifters ; and the Communions adminiftred the laft Summer, as it was twenty Years ago. 

* And his Curate, Mr. JVhetftone^ could not content himfelf to make ufe of it at home, but 

* alfo at a neighbouring Town, and was indifted at the AflizeS' ,for it ; the Grand Jury found 

* the Bill againft him, and fliould have paid five Poinids to the Poor could he be taken, and' 

* he had been taken, had not his Houfe ftieltered him. Thus 'tis clear, ftill they labour to 

* uphold that which God hath thrown down ; but it is the Defires of our Souls, according to 

* that good Prayer he left his Difciples for a Direftion, that his Kingdom may come, and his 

* Will be done on Earth, as it is in Heaven, to the Glory of the great God, and our Lord 

* Jefus Chrift, to whom be Praife and Glory for ever and ever, and all Nations come to the 
*: Knowledge of the Truth, that they may be faved, and all Anti-chriftian Ways deftroyed, 

* that are not found in the Law and Teftimony, which is our Defires.' 

Richard Hoare Richard Brookes 

William Bunce. 'Thomas Bujh 

• '" ^' Richard Hatton ■ ■ * 

. MisH J »^.' A 

I T may be proper here to obferve, from fbme Icattered Memorandums of Mr. Pocock's, that 
the two fiirft of thefe fubfcribing Profeflbrs, Brookes and BuJh, had been ufed to deny and de- 
tain from him Corn Tithes. And there is yet extant a Bond, all of it written in Mr. Pocock's 
own Hand, dated, Nov. lo, 1647, in which the faid BuJh, together with one Alexander Fil- 
more, both of the Parifti of Childry, do under their Hands and Seals, bind themfelves to pay 
unto Mr. Pocock, their Redor, the Harveft following, nine Sheaves of Wheat, four Cocks of ' 
Barley, a Cock and an Half of Beans, and one Cock of blue Peafe ; all which they had de- 
tained the Harveft laft paft. 

Thus, in Return to Mr. Pocock's Forbearance towards BuJh, after he had detained Part of 
his Tithes, did that ungrateful Man, on the firft Opportunity that offered, endeavour to 
deprive him of the UH^ole. 

I b o not find that Mr. Pocock took any other Notice of the Anfwer above rehearfed, than 
only to procure an attefted Copy of it, from which, that which is here inferted hath been tran- 
fcrib'd ; but to their Depofitions againft him, he delivered to the Comtniffioners, in a little Time, 
a full Anfwer in Writing, introducing it with thefe humble Defires, which, as he told them, 
he crav'd Leave to offer to them. 

1. ' That what was formerly given in by him, by way of Anfwer, might be review'd 

* and confider'd. 

2. ' That fuch Things as concern'd other Perfons, were they true or falfp, might not be 

* charg'd upon him. j ," ' ;j/- r. ;' fjf 

3. ' That the Teftimonies of the WitnefTes produced againft him, might not be ex- 
« tended beyond the Letter of the Ordinance ; it being a known and undoubted Rule, that 

* no penal Laws are to be extended beyond the ftrid Letter of them. And tho' fuch as are 

J ' appointed 



40 )i The L I F E of I 

* appointed Judges may, upon fome Occafions, as is ufual, difpenfe with the Rigour of fuch 
f Laws ; yet they ought not, upon any Occafion, to exceed or go beyond the Letter 

* of them. 

4. • That where the Witnefles produc'd againft him fliould be found to contradift them- 

* felves, or one another, their Teftimony might not be admitted as Evidence againft him. 

^. ♦ That the Witnefles to be examin'd for him, according to what was aliow'd by the 
'* Ordinance, might be impartially and indifferently heard, without Prejudice -, and their Evi- 

* dence taken on his Behalf be balanced with the Teftimony of his Accufers : It being the 

* Duty of righteous Judges, not in any Cafe, fo far to incline to the Parties accufing, as if it 
}i were their Defire and Bufinefs, to find the Party accufed guilty j but to admit them to an 

* equal Plea, and if there be any Favour to be (hew'd, it ought to be in the Behalf of the 

* Perfon accufed.* 

I N the Anfwer itfelf he was very particular, making his Defence under each Article, againfl 
every Thing that had been fworn, by the feveral Witneffes againft him. It will be a Work 
too tedious to give an Account of the Whole. Omitdng therefore his Replies to thofe Parts 
of their Teftimony, which were either of no Confeauence, or wholly falle, I will only take 
Notice of what he faid to fuch as had fome Ground of Truth, and were intended to render 
him zfcandalous MotJfter, according to the Meaning of the Ordinance. And thefe now were 
the Things they teftified concerning his uftng the Common' Prayer^ his Difaffe£iion to the Go- 
vernment, and what they call'd, his railing againft Profeffors. 

tHE Ufe of the Common-Prayer, was, by this new Law, declar'd fufficlent to render a Mi- 
ri&sx fcandalous % and Mr. Pocock, notwithftanding the Prohibirion, always paid a great deal 
of Regard to that excellent Model of true Devotion \ for as he conftantly read the Pfalmsy 
and the Chapters ; fo the feveral Prayers he made ufe of were, as to the Matter of them, 
agreeable to the Liturgy, and often too, he took in fome of the very Words of it. But 
having ftill govern'd himfelf, with all the Prudence and Caution, which were neceffary in fuch 
dangerous limes •, he was able, before any indifferent Judges, to avoid the Force of the Accu- 
fations brought againft him. For the Defence of himfelf, from the feveral Depofitions relating 
to this Article, he took all the Advantage he could of the fTords of the Ordinance, by which 
a pul/lid and frequent Ufe of the Common-Prayer Book, fmce a certain Day, were only pro- 
lubited, ftiewing, that if moft of the Things he had been charged with, by the WitnefTes, 
were allowed to be true, they yifould not; yet, by the Letter of that Ordinance, at all afFecft him. 
He declar'd the Falfhood of feveral t'articulars of the Teftimony againft him, which he was 
ready, he faid, fully to prov^ by other "VyitnefTes, both for Number and Quality, much more 
creditable. He made it appear, that fome of his Accufers had manifeftly contradidted, both 
themfelves and one another. And he noted the grofs Ignorance of others, who, neither un- 
derftood the Nature of an Oath, nor whaf they fwore to. For, it was known, he faid, that 
one of the Witnefles, on her Return home, had told fome of her Neighbours, that fhe had 
expected to be put to fwear fome great Oath, hut that fhe did not fwear at all, only took a Book 

* into her Hand. And they might remember, he added, that the Witnefs, who had charged 
him with adminiftring the Sacrament, at Eafter, after the old Way, being afk'd. Why he 
thought it the old Way ? Gave this Reafon, becaufe be made a Prayer before, and a Prayer af- 
ter, and gave the Bread and Wine to the People. And alfo, being further afk'd. Whether 
thofe Prayers were the fame Form with thofe in the Common- Prayer ? He faid, Tes, for ought 
he knew ; for he talked in them of Peter, of Paul, and John. 

DISAFFECTION to the Government then in Being, was alfo by the fame Adl made ex- 
ceeding fcandalous, and indeed a Man of Mr. Pocock's Principles could not be heartily free from 
it. However, as formerly in his Prayers for the Profperity of the King, while that good 
Prince ftood in need of them, he had not ufed any harfh or unfeemly Expreflions ; fo fince 
the new eftabliftied Tyranny, he had taken a due Care, upon all Occafions, to carry himfelf 
inoffenfively ; and this Warinefs, now qualified him for a fufficient Defence. In this Article^ 
as well as in the former, he took hold of the IVords of the A£f, which only declar'd them 
guilty in this Matter, who difcover'd their Difaffellion, by writing, preaching, or otherwife pub- 
lifhing. He obferv'd to them, that the Things relating to other Perfons, were they indeed 
true, could not, with any Juftice, be put on his Account. And as for thofe Words, which 
were alledg'd againft himfelf, if, indeed, fpoken by him, the Deponents, he faid, had con- 
fefs'd, that it was many Years ago, at the Beginning of the Wars, and about the Time of 
Nafeby Fight, and fo they could not refledl on the prefent Power, which was not then in Be- 
ing v and if in themfelves at that Time criminal, yet they had been difcharg'd by the Act of 
Indemnity. a , 

The other fcandalous PraAice, in the Senfe of this Law, was, what they call'd Railing 
at Profeffors, that is, a fpeaking plainly of the Sins of Schifm, Divifton, and the like, which 
many, in thofe Times, who pretended highly to Godlinefs, were manifeftly guilty of: Such 
Reproof, upon proper Occafions, he had not neglefted ; but ftill what he fpake, was in a 
very grave and ferious Way ; for, as often as he expos'd the Errors of thofe diforderly Peo- 
ple, he did it in the fofteft Words, defigning, if it were pofliible, not to anger, but reform 
them. And under this .-^r/zV/f, therefore, his Defence was, very safy. For, whereas all that 



Dr. EDWARD POCOCK:, 41 

he had been exprefsly charg'd with, was the Speaking, as he peach'd, of Schifmaticks-, Sepa- 
ratifts, and Deceivers, he fuppos'd, he faid, that it could not be deny'd, that there might be 
juft and neceflary Caufe for the Ufe of fuch Words -, and he hop'd, that the Mifapprehenfion 
of thofe who might have applied them wrong, would not be fattened on him as a Crime. 

Btr T tho' his Anfwer, to all the Depofitions againft him, was thus full and clear, and had 
all the Marks of Truth, that could poflibly be expedted ; they would not, however, eafe him 
of the Trouble of bringing Witnefles for his Juftification. A confiderable Number, therefore, 
appear'd for him before thefe Ccmmijficners at Wantage, March 27, 1655. Amongft whom 
were four of the fame Name, viz. John Fettiplace, of Childry, Efquire, Charles Fettiplace, 
of Up. Lambourn, Efquire, Edmund Fettiplace and George Fettiplace, Gentlemen, whom I 
could not but thus particularly mention, in Honour to a worthy Family, that in Times of 
great Difficulty, afforded fo many Perfons, who were not afraid to protedl Learning and 
Goodnefs, fo unjuftly perfecuted. By the Teftimony of thefe Witnefles, who were fworn 
and feverally examined upon all the Articles againft him, not only the Malice and Falfhood of 
his Accufers were fufficiently manifeft -, but his peaceable Behaviour, his chriftian Temper, and 
unblameable Converfation, were made evident, beyond Exception. Several of them declar'd, 
that upon an intimate Acquaintance with him, for many Years, they had always found him 
not only meek, friendly, and obliging, but aifo a very religious and godly Man, of an upright 
Life and Converfation ; a conftant Reprover of Vice and Sin, and an Encourager of Holinefs, 
And fome of them added, that they verily believ'd, that in the whole Country ^ wherein he 
dwelt, there could not be a Perfon of a fairer CharaSfer, and more unblemifhed Reputation. 

And thus, at length, notwithftanding all the Endeavours of his zealous Adverfaries to 
opprefs him, the Charge that had been manag'd againft him fell to the Ground ; it being im- 
poflible for them to faften any Thing fcandalous upon him, even according to their own new 
Senfe of that Word. Very unwilling, however, they were, that the good Parfonage, which 
they thought themfelves fure of the Difpofal of, ftiould continue ftiil in his Hands, and there- 
fore made choice of another Method whereby to difpoflefs him of it. As thefe Commiffioners 
were, by the Aft that eftabliftied them, to determine what was fcandalous in Clergymen ; fo, 
in Conjunftion with feveral Minifters named in it, they were made the Judges too of Igno- 
rance and Infufficiency " ; and now, tho' that former Power had not ferv'd their Purpofe, they 
■were willing to try whether this other might not prove more fuccefsful. There was nothing, 
indeed, in the Articles, at firft exhibited againft him, that led them to this Attempt ; but the 
Depofitions of fome of thofe forward Witnefles, that fwore to them, afforded fome Founda- 
tion for it. For one of them had declar'd, that he believ'd Mr. Pocock to be deflitute of the 
Spirit, tho' he preach'd faving "Truths according to the Letter ; and another had depos'd, that he 
fometimes preached pretty well, but at other Times not fo well ; and that his Deadnefs, and Dull- 
nefs drove People from hearing him. But this new Danger, which he was expos'd to, fill'd fe- 
veral learned Men, of much Fame and Eminence, at that Time in Oxford, with a great deal 
of Indignation ; and they refolv'd to go to the Place, where the Commiffioners were to meetj 
and expoftulate with them about it. In the Number of thofe that went, were Dr. Ward, 
Dr. Wilkins, Dr. Wallis, and Dr. Owen ; and they all labour'd, with much Earneftnefs, to 
convince thofe Men of the ftrange Abfurdity of what they were undertaking : Particularly 
Dr. Owen, who endeavour'd, with fome Warmth, to make them fenfible of the infinite Con- 
tempt and Reproach which would certainly fall upon them, when it fliould be faid, that they 
had turn'd out a Man for Infufficiency, whom all the Learned, not of England only, but of 
all Europe, fo juftly admir'd for his vaft Knowledge, and extraordinary Accomplifliments : 
And being himfelf one of the Commiffioners appointed by that ASl, he added, that he was 
now come to deliver himfelf, as well as he could, from a Share in fuch Difgrace, by protefting 
againft a Proceeding fo ftrangely foolifli, and unjuft. The Commiffioners, being very much 
mortified at the Remonftrances of fo many eminent Men, efpecially of Dr. Owen, in whom 
they had a particular Confidence, thought it beft for them wholly to put an End to the Mat- 
ter, and fo difcharg'd Mr. Pocock from any further Attendance. And, indeed, he had been 
fufficiently tired with it ; this Perfecution, which lafted for many Months, being the moft 
grievous to him of all that he had undergone. It made him, as he declar'd to the World 
fome Time after '■, utterly uncapable of Study, it being impoffible for him, when he at- 
tempted it, duely to remember what he had to do, or to apply himfelf to it with any Atten- 
tion. And, doubtlefs, the Charafters of the Perfons, under whom he fuffered, added not 
a little to the Weight of his Sufferings ; being fuch as hated Learning, out of Zeal for Reli- 
gion, and with large Pretences to Godlinefs laboured to undermine the true Supports of it. 
A Sort of Men, as he himfelf defcribes them % abfurd and unreafonable, and the Pefi of the 
Age in which they liv'd. Indeed, in thofe Times of Diforder and Confufion, amongft other 
ftrange Opinions, which found an eafy Entertainment with great Numbers of People, the Con- 
tempt and even Hatred of Learning prevail'd to a very great Degree. About the Year 1 650, 
Mr. Pocock had complain'd % in the Book he then publifti'd, or a Sort of Men who boldly 
Vol. I. M declared, 

" See the Aft in Scobell's Colleftion, An. 1654, Cap. 43. •> Praf. in Annales Eutychii, Pag. 6. p Ge- 

nn* hominuni plane iEtotov k, a;ioyov at<iuc hujui.SxcuIi Lws, Prarf. in Portam Mofis, P. 19. ^ Specimen Hif- 

tor.Anib. Pag. 166. 



4i The L I F E of 

declared, all tbt Kinds of it to he injurious to Religion; and., therefore., ibai it ought' U Be 
•vobolly banijh'd from all Cbrijlian Commonwealths : Particularly^ that it was fufficient for every 
one to be ac(ptainted -with his Mother-Tongue alone, and that the Time that was employed in obtain- 
ing the Knowledge of other Languages, was utterly loft ; fo that, as he obferv'd, the very JVay 
which Julian the Apoftate made choice of, for the Deftruiiion of Chriftianily, was thought the 
only Means of promoting it : And how much the fame Opinion obtain'd in the Univerfity of 
Oxford itfelf, in a few Years after this, amongfl- feme who had made themfelves confiderable 
Men there, appears from a Letter of Dr. Langbaine to Mr. Selden, the inferting Part whereof, 
may not, perhaps, be unacceptable. After he had given in it, his Scnfe of an antient Greek 
Cuftom, in Anfwer to a Letter he had recdv'd worn that learned Man, he went on in 
this Manner : 

« 'T I s true, the Problem might fuit very well for tlie Fire-fide, in a Winter I'^gfet ;. 

' but I am forry I have Occafion to fay, that I fear we muft be forc'd, e'er long, to bid good 

* Night to our Noiles Attica. I was not fo much troubled to hear of that Fellow, who lately 

* in London maintain'd in Publick, that Learning is a Sin, as to fee fome Men (who would be 

* accounted none of the meaneft amongft ourfelves, here at home) under Pretence of Piety, 

* go about to banifh it in the Univerfity. I cannot make any better Conftrudion of a late 
' Order made by thofe, whom we call Vijitors, upon Occafion of an Eleftion laft Week, at 

* All-Souls College, to this EfFed : That, for the future, no Scholar be chofen into any Place in 
' any College, unlefs he bring a Teftimony, under the Hands cf four Perfons, at the leaft, (not 

* EleElors) known to thefe Vtfitors to be truly godly Men, that he who ftands for fuch a Place is 
' himfelf truly godly. By arrogating to themfelves this Power, they fit Judges of all Mens 

* Confciences, and have rejeded fome, againft whom they had no other Exceptions (being 
' certified by fuch to whom their Converfations were beft known, to be unblameable and fta- 
' tiiteably eleded, after due Examination and Approbation of their Sufficiency by that So- 

* ciety) merely upon this Account, that the Perfons, who teftified in their Behalf, are not 

* known to thefe Vifitors, to be regenerate. I intend, God willing, e'er long, to have an E- 

* ledion in our College, and have profefs'd, that I will not fubmit to this Order ; how I fhall 

* fpeed in it, I do not pretend to forefee \ but if I be baffled, I fhall hardly be filent. Sir, 

* excufe this Paffion of, 

§lu. Coll. Oxon, Tour moft humble Servant, 

IfcFU.%, i^iSZ' Ger. Langbaine. 

Upon the Head of Mr. PococVi Troubles I fhall only add, that one of the CommiJJioners, 
■who voted for acquitting him, Mr. Strowde, of Rufcomb in Berkfhire, had Occafion for his 
Teflimony, after the King's Refloration, to fecure a confiderable Interefl of his, then in Quef- 
tion, which was readily, and, I believe, efFedually obtained. That Gentleman defiring the 
Renewal of a Leafe belonging to one Mr. Chappel, as Prebendary of Sarum, was refufed, 
mainly becaufe he was reprefented to be a Phanatick. Hereupon Dr. Owen, who in the felf- 
lame Affair had been very adive and ferviceable to Mr. Pocock, writes to him, defiring, 

* That, if he remembered who the Man in former Time hath appeared for, and manifefted 

* a Refped unto Worth, Learning, and the Miniflry, he would be pleas'd to make it a 
' Ground of interceding with Mr. Chappel, by his Letter, that he may obtain that lawful Fa- 

* vour in the Renewal of his Leafe, which an honeft Man may jufl;Iy exped.' Mr. Pccock 
was, doubtlefs, glad of this Opportunity, to difcharge a Debt of Gratitude to Mr. Strowdcy 
and Dr. Owen, at the fame Time ; and, therefore, wrote immediately to Mr. Chappel, tho* 
then altogether a Stranger to him, excufing the Liberty he took, on the Score of Gratitude, 
•which obliged him, at the Defire of Friends, to attefl what he knew concerning Mr. Strowde, 
a Suitor to him for the Renewal of a Leafe : ' It feems, adds he, he is reprefented to you as a 

* Phanatick. I am a greater Stranger to him, than to be much acquainted with his Opinions. 
"« Only thus much : When I was vehemently perfecuted by Phanaticks, in the Time of their 

* Power, and their chief Accufations being my Conformity to the Church of England, I found 

* him a Friend againft them, and one who joined, with others, under his Hand and Seal to 

* acquit me out of that Court ; fo that they could not have their Will againft me. Out of 
' wluch Refped, I could not but in Gratitude acknowledge the Favour then done me, and 

* my Defire of dobg him any good Office. If at your Hands he may find that Favour of 

* being receiv'd as your Tenant, I fliall be very glad, and think myfelf Partaker of your 

* Courtefy, (Jc* We have Reaibn to believe, that this Interpofition had the EfFed defired 
and this Event may ferve as an ufeful Admonition, at all Times, to Men in Power, ftill to 
temper their Zeal for the ruling Intereft, with Equity and Benevolence, towards Men of 
Worth and Modefty, whofe Hap it is to differ from them in Religion and Politicks, remem- 
bering, that every Exercife of fo commendable a Moderation, may lay up in Store for them, 
fignal good Offices, againft the Time, when an unexpeded Viciffitude fhall lay them at the 
Mercy of thofe they have oblig'd. 

I M u s T now return back again to the Year 1 650, to pick up fome Things that occurr'd 
between that Time, and the Troubles above related, and which were defignedly poftpon'd, 

that 



I 



Dr. EDWARD POCOCK. 43 

that thofe remarkable Events might neither interrupt, nor receive Interruption from, the orderly 
Courfe of the Hiftory in Hand. 

The only remarkable Thing in this Year, hitherto untouched, is, that towards the latter 
End of it, Mr. Pocock began his Defign of tranflating Maimonides's Porta Mqfis ; of which 
more hereafter. The Year following, Mr. Abraham Wheelock^ Arabick Profeflbr at Cambridge^ 
was preparing his Edition of the Perjick Gofpels, being the firft of the Kind, with a Latin 
Tranflation and Notes •, for the perfecting of which Mr. Pocock lent him a Manufcript Copy 
fb good, that Mr. Wheelock^ in a Letter to him, profefles, that had it not been for his Fear of 
oppreffing his Amanmnfis^ he would, upon Sight thereof, have begun his Work again. On 
this Occafion, Mr. Wheelock relates fomething very furprizing. His Amanuenfis's Name was 
jtujlin, a Fellow of King's-College in Cambridge. ' This young Man, fays he, in the Space 

* of two Months Time, not knowing a Letter in Arabick, or Perfick, at the Beginning, fent 
» a Letter to me in Norfolk of peculiar Paflages. So that, of his Age, I never met with the 

* like -, and his indefatigable Pains, and Honefty, or Ingenuity, exceed, if poflible, his Ca- 

* pacity.' But much happier had it been for himfelf, and the World, if this extraordinary 
Perfon had gone on more leifurely in his Oriental Studies. For his exceffive Application to 
them, ended in Diftraftion and Death, Ann. 1654, juft as he was defigned to go on with the 
Impreffion of Mr. JVheelock's Perjick Gofpels, who lived only to fee it carried on to the 6th or 
7th Verfe of the i8th Chap, of St. Matthew. 

In the following Year, 1652, Mr. Selden, in a Letter, April 14, mentions to Mr. Pocock., 
that he had written to Dr. Langbaine., touching a Preparative for an Edition Arabico-Latin of 
Eutychius Alexandrinus, as a Thing that would be acceptable to that Part of the World, 
which cares for Books ; adding, that whatever was neceflary to it, he would readily defray. 

* I befeech you, continues he, advife with him about it, and give us your Direftion and Af- 

* fiftance.' Mr. Selden went no further at this Time -, but the nth of the next Month, broke 
the Defign wholly to him, begging him, that he would tranflate Eutychius, and promifing 
him, upon his Credit, that it fhould be advantageous to him in fome other Way, as that the 
Time would not be mifpent. Mr. Selden very much feared, that Mr. Pocock, for want of 
Time, and perhaps for other Reafons, would appear difinclin'd to the Work, and feems over- 
joy'd at the Receipt of his Letter, the i8th of the fame Month, wherein he promifed a Com- 
pliance. But of this alfo, more fhall be faid in due Time. This Year was further famous, 
in the Hiftory of Learning, for the firft Appearance of a Defign which did infinite Honour 
to our Church and Nation, as well as Service to Letters and Religion in general ; I mean the 
Edition of the Polyglott Bible. A Work wherein, from the Beginning, fcarce a Step was taken 
till communicated to Mr. Pocock, and without whofe Affiftance, it muft have wanted much of 
that Perfedion, which gives it a juft Preference to every other Work of that Kind. But in- 
tending a particular Account of this noble Work, when we arrive at the yEra of its Publica- 
tion, I ftiall fpeak no more of it at prefent. 

But fruitful as this Year was in giving Birth to learned Defigns, and in employing learned 
Heads, it proved fatal to a moft excellent Scholar, and exemplary Chriftian, Mr. John 
Creaves, Mr. Pocock's moft intimate and generous Friend. Some Time in Augujl^ he and 
Dr. Langbaine made a Journey to Cambridge, by way of London ; which, perhaps, was the 
laft Interview between him and Mr. Greaves. For in Oltober following, he died in London. 
And no fooner was Mr. Pocock returned home, but himfelf was feized with a Fit of Sicknefs, 
which, if it did not owe its Rife to the Lofs of his Friend, was probably much increas'd 
thereby. 

Nothing elfe, except his Troubles before the Committee already fpoken of, happened 
worthy of Notice, either to Mr. Pocock, or his Friends, till the latter End of November 1 654, 
when the learned Mr. Selden departed this Life. Of which Event, Dr. Langbaine gave him 
Notice, irom London, in the following Letter, dated, London, Dec. 2, 1654. 

SIR, 
* I came here only Time enough to fee and fpeak with our good Friend, Mr. Selden, who 

* died on Thurfday Night, about eight o'Clock. He told me on Wednefday (then very weak) 

* in the Hearing of one of his Executors, Mr. Heyviood, how he had difpofed of his Impref- 
•-fion of Eutychius, to you, and myfelf, (and fo he did by a Codicil made to his Will, in June 

* 1653,) I mentioned to him, that he had often fpoken of intended Notes •, and upon that 
« he gave Order, that all Letters or Notes concerning that Author, fhould be delivered to us. 

* All other Papers of his own Hand, he had before peremptorily commanded to be burned. 

* Yefterday I had the .Sight of fo much of his Will, as concerns the Univerfity. He has 
« given to our publick Library all his Manufcripts of the Oriental Tongues, and Greek (not 

* otherwife particularly difpofed of) and all his Rabbinical and Talmudical Books, which are 

* not there already, or not of the fame Editions. Thefe to be taken out of his Library by 

-« you and myfelf.' Item, All his Marbles, Statues, Heads, and Greek Pieces, to be conveyed 

« to Oxford, at the Charge of his Executors, and there placed on the Walls of the Library. 

« The Executors are Juftice Hales, Mr. Vaughan, Mr. Heywood, and Mr. Jeux -, who defire 

* that you would fjpeedily repair hither, to view and feled what belongs to the Univerfity, 

J ..i. ,^ ..: .c.-.\ .:;-^i .5; .-■ ■' ' ' ' ' * before 



I 



44 The L I F E of 

* before his Library be otherwife meddled with. And to that Purpofe, I have writ to the 
' Vice-chancellor and Mr. Barlow^ to fend up the moft perfed Catalogue of the publick Li- 

* brary, for our Direftion, and the Executors Satisfaftion. To their Difcretion he hath left 

* all the Remainder of his Books, not otherwife particularly bequeath'd, either to be divided 
' among thcmfelves, or to be fent to the Univerfity, or fome College or Colleges, as they 
' fliall think fit. In the fame Box, with his Will, he hath left a (hort Paper of Infcription 

* for his Monument. He is to be buried in the Temple j but when, I cannot tell, Cfft.' 
I fhould have obferved, that fome Time in the Year 1654, the famous GoliuSy jirabick Pro- 
feflbr of Leyden, publilhed his long expeded Arabick Lexicon. He had been twice fent into 
the Eaft for his greater Improvement in that Language, and, perhaps, was the only Perfoti 
of that Age, who equall'd Mr. Pocock in that Part of Learning. Golius himfelf confefled, 
that Mr. Pocock had, in this Refpeft, no Superior -, as appears by his prefenting him with a 
Copy of his Lexicon^ thus infcrib'd : Virtute aique Dcilrim eximio ac praclaro Firo, D". Edv. 
Pocock, Literatur<e Orientalis Peritia, nulli fecundo. In Return for which, Mr. Pocock fent 
him a juft Elogium on his Performance, and a Prefent of his Specimen Hijl. Arab, for which, 
on the ift of O£lober, he received Golius's Thanks, and Commendations, to a high Degree, 
which probably came to his Hand much about the Time that his Sufficiency was called in 
Queftion, before the Berk/hire Committee. And fure, there was fomething odd and whimfical 
in the Circumftances and Situation of the good Man, to be one Day carefs'd by the greateft 
Scholars in Europe., and fet up as an Oracle for refolving Difficulties in the abftrufeft Parts of 
Learning, and the next, perhaps, convened to anfwer the Articles exhibited againft him, by 
his illiterate Parifhioners of Cbildry, for Ignorance and Infufficiency. 

H I s Troubles, from this Sort of Men, being, at length, got over, he retum'd again to 
his Studies, and in the fame Year, 1655, he publifhed his Porta Mojis, being fix prefatory 
Difcourfes of Mofes Maimonides, which in the Original were Arabick, but according to the 
general Ufage of the Jews, who have written in that Language, exprefs'd in Hebrew Cha- 
raSiers, together with his own Latin Tranflation of them, and a very large Appendix of Mif- 
cellaneous Notes. It was printed at Oxford, and as his Specimen Hifioria Arabum, and a fmall 
Piece of his Friend, Mr. John Greaves, were the two firft Pieces, that came from the Arabick 
Prefs of that Place ; fo this Porta Mojis was the firft Fruits of the Hebrew Prefs there, the 
Letters of it having been, on the Requeft of Dr. Langbaine, founded at the Charge of the 
Univerfity, upon the Aflurance he gave, that fomething of Mr. Pocock*s ftiould be fpeedily 
printed with them. Maimonides was a Perfon of a vaft Reputation for Learning, not only 
amongft his own People, but the Mahometans too •, and, indeed, by the beft Judges, is held 
to be one, who, of all the Writers of that Sort, is leaft guilty of Trifling : Wherefore Mr. Po- 
cock could not but think the publifhing thefe Tradts (wherein an Account is given, in a very 
clear Method, of the Hiftory and Nature of the Talmud, and the Jewijh Faith and Difcipline) 
would be very acceptable to learned Men ; efpecially, confidering that they had never yet beea 
printed in the Original Arabick, but only in a Hebrew Tranflation of them, made from imper- 
fe<ft Copies ; whereas the Manufcripts he now made ufe of, were very good, and fome of 
them, as he Imagined, the very Originals, written by the Author's own Hand. But befides 
the Ufefiilnefs of thefe Trafts, confidered in themfelves, he was encouraged to the Publication 
of them in the Manner before mentioned, on another View ; namely, that according to his 
Duty as a ProfeJJor, he might promote the Advantage of thofe, who fhould addift themfelves 
to the Study of Arabick, and Rabbinical Learning. For there being many Jewijh Manufcripts 
of good Account, written thus in the Arab Tongue, but with Hebrew Letters ; he was wil- 
ling to aflift them with this Specimen of that Way of Writing, which, as he declares in the 
Preface, contained much more of the Kind, than had ever yet been printed. 

But of what Account foever thefe Trafts of Mofes Maimonides are, the Mifcellaneous 
Notes, which Mr. Pocock added to them, as they exceed them in Length, fo doubtlefs they 
do alfo in Ufefulnefs. In which his chief Defign is to fliew, by many Inftances, how much 
the Knowledge of Arabick, and Rabbinical Learning, will contribute towards the finding out 
the genuine Senfe of many difficult Places of Holy Scripture. In the four firft Chapters of 
thefe Notes, he largely confiders and explains feveral Texts of the New Tefiament, which, b&- 
ing cited from the Old, for the moft Part, according to the Verfion of the Septuagint ', feem 
to be very diflFerent from the Original Hebrew. And as he gives very learned Accounts of the 
true Meaning of them •, fo he proves, that there is no fufficient Reafon to conclude from 
thofe feeming Differences, that the antient Hebrew Copies, made ufe of by the Seventy Inter- 
preters, had, as fome learned Men have thought, other Readings in thofe Places, than what 
are ftill extant. The Defign of the ^th Chapter is, to prove, from the Cuftom among the Jews^ 
of whitening the Graves of their Dead, to prevent being polluted by them, that the Sepulchers 
appearing beautiful, to which our Blefled Saviour compares the Scribes and Pharifees, Matt. 
xxiii. 27. are the fame with the Graves that appear not, to which they are alfo likened by 
him, Luke xi. 44, So giving a clear Senfe of thofe two Places of Scripture, which to thofe 
who do not confider that Cuftom, are hard to be underftood. In the 6th Chapter, which is 

very 

. 'Viz. Heb. viii. 9. from Jcr. xjoci. 32. Rom. ix. 33. and x. 11. and i Pet. ii. 6. from Ifa. xwiii. 16. Matt, 
ii. 6. from Mic. v. 2. Afts xiii. 41. from Hab. i. v. Heb. x. 38. from Hab. ii. 4, &c. 



Dr. E D W A R D P O C O C K. 4,^^ 

vei'v l6rig,' "We gives a large Account of the feveral Opinions of the Jeivs concerning the Re- 
furredion of the Dead ; and being mov'd thereto by the Refemblance he had obferv'd be- 
tween thefe Opinions, and thofe of the Followers of Mahomet^ in the next Chapter he recites 
from the moft learned Writers of that Se<5t, the Sentiments of thofe People about the fame 
Matter. In the ith Chapter, he fhews the Reafon, why the modern Jews, who commonly fo 
fuperftitioufly adhere to the Dodrines of their Fore-fathers, do yet differ from them in their 
Expofition of the fecond Pfalm, which was generally underftood, by their ancient Writers, 
to be a Prophecy concerning the Meffiah ; namely, that by thefe Means they might be the 
better able to anfwer the Arguments of Chriftians. Upon this Occafion, by the Help of two 
Manujcript Copies of the Commentaries of Kimchi on the latter Prophets, he reftores feveral 
Paflages relating to the Chriftians, which, in the printed Copies of that Work, are now left 
out. And afterwards he vindicates that Prophecy concerning the. Meffiah, at 7(?r. xxxi. 22. 
which Calvin, in his Explication of it, fo readily gave up to the Adverfaries of Chriftianity. 
Finally, his Bufinefs in the gth and laft Chapter is, to give an Account, from the Jewijh Wri-" 
ters, of thofe Traditions of their Elders concerning Wafhings and Vows, for which our Sa - 
viour, Mark vii. 1 1. reprov'd the Scribes and Pharifees ; whereby he brings a great deal of 
Light to feveral obfcure Paflages of Holy Scripture. '^'.' ' 

The excellent Learning and Ufefulnefs of this Performance drew upon Mr. Pocotk, from 
all Quarters, great and jufl: Commendations. From abroad, Matthias Pafor, a Profefl!br at 
Groningen, and his firft Arabick Matter at Oxford, exprefled his Thanks, and the great Plea- 
fure he had, in reading his learned Attempts to reconcile the Septuagint Verfion, which is con- 
firmed by the Apoftle, to the Hebrew Text. Alting, another Profeflbr, of the fame Univerfi- 
ty, having received Mr. Pocock's Book, as a Prefent from Dr. Reynolds, with whom he formerly 
liv'd in England, acknowledges, in a Letter to the Author himfelf, with whom he oft corre- 
fponded, the exquifite Learning of this Work. At home, his old Friend, the very learned 
Mr. Thomas Greaves, exprefl'es himfelf to be fo delighted with his Book and learned Notes, 
that he knew not how to be thankful enough. Sir Kenelme Digby alfo, to whom a Copy had 
been prefented by the Author's Direftion, writes thus to him. ' It joyeth me much to fee, 

* that one of our Nation, in thefe unquiet Times (which Condition is the greateft Enemy to 

* Learning) hath given a Piece to the World, that may be the Envy of the learnedeft Ages 
' following.' 

I HAVE only to add farther concerning this Book, that the Index to the Text of Mai- 
tnonides was compiled by Mr. Henry Chapman, who, in a Letter to Mr. Pocock, dated Jan. 
3, 1653, oflFered to do the fame for the Mifcellaneous Notes, and probably his Offer was 
accepted, I am forry, that it is not in my Power to acquaint the World with any Thing more 
concerning this learned Gentleman, than that his Letter was dated from Batterfey. 

Early this Year, 1655^ Mr. Pocock laboured under a fevere Difeafc at Childrey, as we 
learn from two Letters of Dr. Langbdine^s to him, the one dated in January, the other irt 
March ; and of whatever Kind it was, it feems to have continued upon him more or lefs, till 
the Middle of the Summer following ; after which Dr. Walton writes to him, exprefling his 
Joy for the Recovery of his Health. 

The Year following, i.e. 1656, affords but little material relating to our Subje(5t, ex- 
cept it be, that then Mr. Pocock entertained fome Thoughts of publifhing Rabbi Tanchum's 
Expofitions on the Old Teflament. He was, as our Author himfelf informs us, in the Pre- 
face to the Commentary on Micah, an Hierofolymitan Jew. ' He wrote Notes, continues he, 

* in the Arabick Language, on the whole Old Teftament, (as himfelf declares) tho' I have 

* not had the Happinefs to fee them on divers of the Books thereof On the Prophets (all 
' but Jfaiah) I have. When he lived, I know notj only it appears, that he was after the 

* Time of Mofes Maimonides, whom he often cites, and follows in many Things.' What 
hindred the Execution of this Defign, we cannot fay ; but, moft probably, it was the Want 
of due Encouragement. It muft be confefTed, that at this Time, there were two very great 
Works going forward, that of the Englijh Polyglott, already mentioned, and Bee's Edition of 
the Critici Sacri ; fo that there was lefs Reafon to expedt the AfTiftance, which fo great a 
Work would require. The learned Mr. Boncle, then Fellow of Eaton-College, though 
deeply engaged in a great Variety of Bufinefs, generoufly offered to corred: two Books after 
the Prefs, defiring that Leviticus might be one of them. He further propofed to get fome 
Bookfeller irt London to undertake the Printing of Rabbi Tanchum, tho' he then apptehended, 
that the two Works above-mentioned, neither of them as then finifhed, would prove an 
Obftruftion to his Wifhes. The Mifcarriage of this Defign, to whatever Caufe it was owing, 
was no fmall Damage to facred Literature. For, if we may guefs by the noble Ufe our Au- 
thor made of Rabbi 'Tanchum's Commentaries, their Publication might haVe been attended 
with Advantages equal, or rather fuperior to what have been received from any other Rab- 
binical Writings. Bcfides, for ought that appears, Mr. Pocock was the only Perfon in Eu- 
rope, that poflefTed any MSS. of Rabbi Tanchum. The learned Jews were furprized to hear 
of this, and many other fine Things of like Kind, in the Hands of Mr. Pocock, which were 
otherwife utterly unknown to them ; as Manajfeh Ben Ifrael himfelf profefTed to Mr. Boncle _ 
But notwithftanding all this, neither then, nor at any Time after, had he an Opportunity of 

Vol. I, N com. 



46 



The L I F E of 



communicating thefe Oriental Treafures to the learned World j but they lie in the Archives 
of the Bodleian Library, till better Times (hall produce a Patron, that will give them Light 
and Liberty. 

And now we are arrived at the Year 1657, in which thz Englifo Polyglot t Edition of 
the Bible was fent into the World : A Work it was of fuch immenfe Coft and Labour, as 
would have deterred moft Men from undertaking it, in the quieteft Times, and under the moft 
profperous Circumftances. But, to the immortal Hoiwur of our Englijh Church and Nation, 
It was carried on and perfefted at a Seafon, when fober Religion and found Learning were 
difcouraged and deprefled by the grcateft Enemy to both, a rampant Enthufiafm. The loyal 
and eplfcopal Clergy being all difpofTefl^d of their Preferments, or, at leaft, having loft the 
moft profiuble of them, could only contribute to this Work by their Credit, their Pains and 
Erudition •, all which were employed therein, to a Degree that almoft exceeds Belief. 

When fuch a Deftgn was carrying on, in which Oriental Learning was to make its ut- 
moft Efforts, one might naturally fuppofe, that the Undertaker would crave the Affiftance 
of Mr. Pocock, who, befides his fuperior Knowledge in the Eajtern Languages, was able to 
fupply valuable MSS. relating to moft of the Oriental Verfions of the Bible. But our Au- 
thor, ever attentive to the Interefts of Religion and Learning, prevented all Application : 
For he no fooner heard, that fuch a Defign was on Foot, but he offered his Advice upon it, 
by Dr. /ijhwel, to Dr. Brian Walton ', who was the firft Promoter, the chief Compiler, and 
the fole Editor of the Polyglott Bible. From that Time Dr. Walton and Mr. Thcrndike ', his 
Second in the Work, maintained a frequent Correfpondence with Mr. Pocock, giving him a 
pundual Account, how it proceeded, afking his Advice in almoft every Step they took, and 
de(iring all proper Affiftance from him. By Means of thefe Letters, moft of wliich are ftill 
extant, we are happily able to inform the World of feme Particulars relating to that moft 
noble Edition of the Bible, which might otherwife be loft, or forgotten. For which Rea- 
fon, and alfo en account of the Share our Author had in the Work, I fhall here lay toge- 
ther fuch Notices concerning it, and the learned Promoters of it, as have fallen in my Way, 
heartily wifhing I could have gratified myfelf and the Reader with more Particulars about 
an Affair, which made the Clergy and Church of England appear glorious under their 
greateft Diftrefs. 

Dr. Brian Walton, having in the long Rebellion loft all his Preferments for his Adherence 
to Monarchy and Epifcopacy, had for fome Years fpent Part of his Time in colledting and 
adjufting proper Materials for a Polyglott Bible, And after communicating his Intentions to, 
and takSig the Advice of moft of the Englifh Bifhops then living, in the Year 1652, having 

already 

» This moft worthy Perfon, Brian Walton, was bom in Cleiveland, Yorkftiire, A. D. 1 606, was matriculated in 
" the Univeriity of Cambridge, July 4, 1616, being then a Siaar of Magdalen-CoUcge : But removed from thence 
to Petfcr-Houfe, where he was admitted a Sizar, Dec. 4, 161 8, under Mr. Blake : And in that College he com- 
menced Bachelor of Arts, An. 1619, Matter of Arts, An. 1623, and Doftor of Divinity, An. 1639. He was 
Prebendary of St. Paul's, but difpoffeffed of that, and all his other Preferments, for his Loyalty and Orthodoxy. At 
the Reftoration, he was made Bifliop of Cheller; but did not long enjoy that Advancement} his exceUive Labours 
having probably haftened his End; for he died in Alderfgate-ftreet, in the Year 1661, Nov. 29, and on the 5th 
of the following Month, was, with great Honours and Solemnity, buried in the Cathedral of St. Paul's, oppofitc 
to the Lord Hatton's Monument. The BiQiop of London performed the Funeral Service, and his Corpfe was at* 
tended by the Earls of Derby and Bridgwater, belides feveral more of the Nobility, as alfo by the greateft Num- 
ber of the Biftiops in their Rochets, and by the Deans and Prebendaries of many Cathedral Churches, together 
with a Multitude of learned Clergymen, from Sadlers-Hall to the Place of Interment. 

Befides compiling the Polyglott Bible, and writing large and very learned Prolegomena to it, he publiftied a 
Defence of it againft Dr. Owen, and another excellent Latin Treatife introduftoiy to the Reading of the Oriental 
Tongues. 

He was alfo very well feill'd in the Common Law of the Realm, clpecially fo far as it relates to the Patrimo- 
nies and Liberties of the Church : This eminently appears from a little Book written in Defence of the Tythei 
within the City of London, according to the Proportion of two Shillings and nine Pence the Pound Rent. 

' Mr. Herbert Thorndike, by fome Expreffions in his Will, is conceiv'd to have been a Native of Scambleft)y, in 
the County of Lincoln : He was admitted of Trinity-College in Cambridge, and as Member of that Society, ma- 
triculated Dec. 18, 1613, where he took his Bachelor's Degree, An. 1616, and became Mafter of Arts in 1620; 
he was made junior Fellow of that College 16:8, middle Fellow, An. 1620, and fenior Fellow in the Vear 16391 
he was conftituted likewife one of the Univerfity Preachers in 1631 : He underwent the common Fate of thofc 
Clergy, who adhered to the King and the Church in the long Rebellion, being deprived of all his Preferments. 
At the Reftoration, he recovered his Fellowftiip and Prebend of Weftminfter, between which two, he fpent ths 
Remainder of his Time in Retirement, Devotion and Study, and dying in good old Age, July 13, 1672, at 
Weftminfter, was buried, by his own Order, in the Way from his Lodgings to the Church, without any Solemnity, 
feve of the ordinary Service. He ordered thefe Words to be put upon his Grave-Stone. 

Hie jacet Corpus Hcrberti Thorndike, Pnebendarii hujus Ecclefise, qui vivus veram Reformatje Ecclefia Ra- 
tionem ac Modum Precibufque Studiifque profequebatur. Tu, Leftor, Requiem ei & beatam in Chriflo 
Refurreftionem precare. 
tn the Year 1663, a Mandate, the Original whereof is yet extant in the Archives of the Univerfity of Cam- 
bridge, dated April 14, 1663, was fent down to that Univerfity, to confer the Degree of Doftor of Divinity on 
him, and Bam. Oley, A. M. which Honour, tho' freely offered, they both declined : But it was more for the Ho- 
nour of Mr. Thorndike that, April 15, 1663, a Grace paft the Houfe to this Effecl. 

Cum Herbertus Thorndike, S. Trin. Coll. Socius, & Weftmonaft. Ecclefia Pnebendarius, ad nullos in S. Theol. 
Gradus de Induftria haftenus afpiraverit, ne Vicemagiftri vel Decani fuperioris onus, in praedifto Collegio, fubire 
per Leges neceflc haberet : Placeat vobis ut annum jam qitintum fupra fexagefimum agens, Milfionem impetret, & 
concefla in pofterum ab omni munere Academico Vacatione (in quantum per Statuta ktt\ poflit} quafi Rude donatus. 
Locum inter Dbftores in Exedris noviflimum obtineat. 



Dr. E D W A R D P O C O C K. ^y 

already obtained private Subfcriptions to the Value of near 4000 Pounds, he publifhed printed 
Propofals, with a Letter annexed to them, both which are here fubjoined, 

fTortby SIR, 

* I T cannot be unknown to you, what great Benefit the Church of God hath reaped by 

* the Care of learned Men in publifliing the Holy Scriptures accordmg to the beft Copies in 
« the Original, and other learned Tongues, with the moft ancient and approved Tranflations, 
» which have been of great Authority and Ufe. And altho* among others, thofe famous 

* Editions of the Complutenfe, Antwerp, and the late Paris Bibles be juftly had in high 

* Efteem and Veneration ; yet, without any Derogation from the juft Praife of the Ptiblilh- 

* ers, it may be truly faid, that much may be added to make the Editions more compleat and 

* ufrful, by the Diligence of others, and yet the Price very much leflened, whereby they 

* may become more common, and fit for private Libraries, To this End, there is a Ekfcrip- 

* tion of a more perfect Edition than any hitherto extant (as we conceive) drawn up with a 

* Specimen thereof, which, as it hath been approved by the moft judicious and learned Men 
» of this Church, fo, in regard the Charge will exceed the Ability of a private Purfe, it hath 

* been thought fit to defire the Afliftance of fuch noble and publlck-fpirited Perfons, as are 
' able to advance Moneys towards the Printing, who may receive Copies according to the 
' Sums by them expended. Wherein, as diverfe Perfons of Worth have already fubforibed 
' and promifed confiderable Sums, amounting to above half the Charge ; fo it is hoped, that 

* others, to whom it fhall be offered, will be ready, both by their own Examples, according 
« to their Abilities, and by ftirring up fuch well-affedted Perfons, as they are acquainted with, 
' to further a Work fo much tending to the Glory of God, the publick Good of Religioa 

* and Learning, and the Honour of our Nation. To this Purpofe alfo Propofitions, which 
» with the faid Defcription, and a Form of Subfcription, are herewith fent you ; to which 
' you are defired, out of your Zeal to the publick Good, to procure what Subfcriptions 

* you can. The Form you fee is conditional, and ties no Man to the Payment of any 
' Thing, till the full Sum be fubfcribed, and Care fhall be taken to fecure the Copies to the 
» Subfcribers, in fuch a Way, as, by the Advice of Counfel on the Behalf of the Subfcribers, 

* (hall be thought reafonable and juft. There are divers employed to this End in divers 

* Parts of the Land, and fo hopeful a Progrefs is made, that we doubt not within a few 

* Months, but that there will be good Encouragement to go on, and to prepare for the' 

* Work ; for we cannot believe any Gentleman will be backward to advance fo noble a Work,- 

* confidering, that all fhall be put in the Hands of a Perfon of known Worth and Integrity, 

* and fhall be paid by the Subfcribers only by Degrees, as the Work goes on, and that they 

* fhall receive Copies of a greater Value than what is laid out. It is defired, that the fcveral 

* Subfcriptions may be returned by the Firft of April next, if it may be, or otherwifc as foon' 
' as conveniently, to Dr. Walton, at Dr. William Fuller's Houfe, in St. Giles, Crippkgate, 
' Church- Yard ; to whom, you may likewife direft your Letters, if there fhall be any other 

* Occafion to fend to us : We need not fay to thofe, who aim at the publick Good, that the 

* Work will recompence the Pains of all that fhall promote it ; of which, yet, we are very 

* confident. Thus, hoping you will ufe your beft Endeavours to advance fo pious a Dcfign^ 

* and that the Author of thofe facred Volumes will blefs your Pains and ours with anfwerable 

* Succefs, we commit you to his Keeping, and reft 

Tour ajfured Friends, 

London, this firft Ja. Armachanus Brian Walton 

oi March, i6§2. Wm. Fuller Abraham Whelocke 

Brune Ryves. H. Thorndike 

* T o our worthy Friend Mr. John Carter, Minifter of God's Word in Norwichi by him 

* to be communicated to Mr. Levering and Mr. Sherman. 

' Propositions concerning the Printing of the Bible, in the Original, and other 

* learned Languages. 

» Whereas the former Editions, tho' lefs perfeft, and not fo fit for Ufe, have been 

* printed at the publick Charge of Princes and great Perfons ; and the Charge of this Work 

* will exceed the Ability of an ordinary Perfon ; whereupon divers Perfons of Worth have 

* exprefied their Readinefs to join in the Charge of the Impreflion : And it is hoped, that 

* others, who wifh well to Learning and Religion, will afTift in a Work fo much tending to 

* the publick Goodj and Honour of the Church of England and of the Nation, and fo free 

* from Interefts of all Parties ; efpecially confidering, that as the Edition will be much better 

* than any formerly made, fo the Price will be much lefs. 

» Therefore, for the fecuring of all fuch as fhall promote fo good a Work, either 

* by free Gift, or advancing of Moneys to be repaid by Copies; and for the encouraging of 

* fuch as fhall foUicit and ftir up others to contribute, thefe Propofitions are offered, which 

* fhall, God willing, be performed. 

I I. * That 



48 :, ') The L I F E of i d .lO 

1. ' That whatfoever Moneys (hall be raifed, fhall be paid into the Hands oi IViUiam 

* Humble, Efq; Treafurer for this Purpofe, who will be accountable for the Moneys received, 
' and will give Receipts to every one, that fhall pay in any Money, whereby they may be 
' affured, that the fame fhall be employed no otherwife, than for the Ufe intended, and not 
' iffued out, but by Warrant of Perfons mentioned. The like AfTurance fhall be given un- 

* der the Hand of the Publiftier, and upon Security of the ImprefTion, which fhall be put 
' in the Hands of fome Perfons interefted, refiding in London, for receiving Copies propor- 
' tionable to the Sums fo paid, as foon as the Work fhall be finifhed, or otherwife, as the fe- 
' veral Volumes fhall be printed. - , 

2. ' The Treafurer fhall not ifTue any Moneys, but by Warrant under the Hands of the 
' Lord Primate of Armagh, Dr. H^illiam Fuller, Dr. Brune Ryves, Dr. Samuel Baker, Mr. 

* Richard Drake, B. D. or two of them, whereof the Lord Primate or Dr. Fuller to be. 
' one, and fhall give Account every fix Months to four Perfons appointed by thofe that. 
' advance, to receive the Accounts of all Moneys received or ifTued out, which fhall be- 
' fhowed to all Perfons interefled, who fhall defire the fame. 

3. ' Those that by free Gift, or otherwife, fhall in any conflderable Manner further the 
' Work, befides Copies to be given them, fhall be acknowledged as Patrons or Promoters of. 
' fo noble a Work. 

4. * Those that fhall colledt and raife any Sum by the free Contribution of Perfons • 

* well affeded, fhall, for every 10 Pounds, have one Copy, and if any lefTer Sum of 40 
' Shillings, or upwards, be fo raifed by any at prefent, if the faid Sum be made up 10 
' Pounds by equal Payments in four fix Months next following, he fhall have one perfeft 
' Copy, and fo according to that Proportion, for any greater Sum. 

5. ' Those that fhall advance any Sum out of their own Eflate, fhall, for every 10 
' Pounds have one Copy, and for 50 Pounds fix Copies, and fo for any greater Sum •, and 

* the Money fo advanced fhall, for the Eafe and Security of the Advancer, be paid thus : 
' Only a fifth Part in Hand, and the refl in four fix Months, and at every fix Months Pay- 
' ment. Account fhall be given of the Moneys formerly paid, and of the Progrefs of the 

* Work, and then they may alfo receive fuch Volumes, as fhall be finifhed, according to the 

* Number of Copies due to them, if they pleafe, they paying another fifth Part towards the 
' Printing of the next Volume. 

6. ' The Perfons to be employed in preparing of Copies, correfting the Prefs, overfee- 

* ing the managing of the Work, fcff. — till all be finifhed, fhall be Dr. Stokes, Mr. Whelocke, 

* Mr. Thorndike, Mr. Edw. Pocock, Mr. GreaveSy Mr. Vicars, Mr. Thomas Smith, together 

* with Dr. Walton, and fome other to afTifl in Profecution of Bufinefs, i^c. — And if any 
< of them fhall happen to dye, or be otherwife hindered, fome other fhall be nominated with 

* Approbation of the refl, for cai-rying on the Work, wherein the Advice of the Lord 

* Primate, Mr. Selden, Dr. Sheldon, Dr. Saunderfon, Dr. Sterne, Dr. Hammond, and other 
' learned Men, who have approved the Work, fhall be defired, i^c. — 

7. ' The Work fhall not be begun, till there be enough paid in to finifh the firfl Volume, 

* viz. the Pentateuch, viz. about 1 500 Pounds ; nor the other Volumes, till a proportionable 
» Sum for each be brought in, viz. about 1200 Pounds. 

8. ' It is defired, that the firft Payment of Moneys to be advanced, may be at or before 

* the'firfl of Feb. 1652, and if it fhall appear, that there is enough to print the firfl Volume, 
' viz. the Pentateuch, the Work fViall be begun, as foon as Things needful fhall be prepared, 

* which is hoped will be within 3 Months then next following, and within 3 Years after it is 
' hoped the whole Work will be perfefted, (two Preffes being kept at Work.) 

9. ' Whatever fhall be further reafonably devifed or propounded for the better ma- 

* naging and carrying on of the Work, and fecuring of all Perfons interefled, fhall be will- 
' ingly affented to. 

Printed by R. Norton, for Timothy Garthwayt, Stationer, at the 
lefTer North Gate of St. Paulas Church, London. 1652. 

Mr. Pocock had heard fomething of this noble Undertaking early in this Year, and pro- 
bably had written to Mr. Selden for Information about the Nature of it, and the Hands that' 
would be employed in it : Whether he then offered his AfTiflance, if Need were, I cannot 
certainly learn, but think it not improbable, that he did ; for in a Letter from Mr. Selden 
to our Author, which bears Date in February 1 653-, he writes thus : ' It feems not yet, that 

* there is any fuch naming of Men for that Employment 5 divers are, in Difcourfe, talked 

* of-, and there be, I doubt, but a few fit: How to have it proceed without you, I know 

* not i but I know too, "that it mufl be a great Diverfion to your excellent Studies, and a 
' turning them to an illiberal Attendance. Whatfoever you wifh in it, I fhall, as far as I 
' have Opportunity, fecond.' Mr. Selden feems to have apprehended, that the Editor of this 
great Work would call for Mr, Pocock'^ Help in correfting the Arabick, as it came from the 
Prefs: Nor was he miflaken. For on the 28th of the following July, Dr. Walton writes to' 
him, defiring to know, ' Whether his Occafions would permit him to affift, if the Impref- 

* fion went on, either by correding the Arabick, the Proofs being weekly tranfmitted, or 

I * by 



Dr. EDWARD P O C O C K. 49 

' by comparing of G)pies, or otherwife.' But Mr. Pocock had too much Work upon his 
Hands to undertake the Correftion of the Arahick from the Prefs. He had, at Mr. Selden'% 
moft earneft Sollicitation, already begun to tranflate the Arabick Annals of Euhchius into 
L-atin. Befides which, he was bufy with Maimonides's Porta Mofts, and confequently had 
but little Time to fpare for a new and laborious Employment. He confented, however, to 
coUate the Arabick Pentateuch, with two Copies of Saadias's Tranflation, the one a Manu- 
fcript, the other printed in the Conftantinopolitan Bibles, noting the Differences of each. And 
he alfo drew up a Preface concerning the Arabick Verfions of that Part of the Bible, and the 
Reafon of the various Readings in them ; which Preface, together with the various Readings 
themfelves, are publifhed in the Appendix to the Polyglott Bible. 

I T feems, from Dr. Walton's Letter abovementioned, that Mr. Pocock's Advice related to 
every Part of this Defign, not excepting the Apparatus or Prolegomena, and the Appendix, 
all which Confiderations the Doftor afiures him he had weighed, and ftiould, to his Pow- 
er, follow. The particular Directions are but few of them come to our Knowledge : I 
find, however, that he had informed Dr. fFalton about one very neceflary Point, toz. the 
Antiquity and Authority of the Arabick Ver/ion, as it ftands in Michael de Jay's Heptagktt, 
or Paris Edition of the Bible in feven I>anguages. ' He conceived, as he tells Mr. Pocock^ 
» that the Editor of this Work had followed that Arabick Verfion, which the French Em- 

* baflador brought out of the Eaft, which Scionita and Efronita were then tranflating into 

* Latin, and which Erpenius fays, is elegans ^ antiqua ; but Mr. Pocock convinced him, 

* that the Arabick, in Jay's Edition, was no other than the Verfion of Saadias, which is 

* prirrted in the Conjlantinopolitan Bible.' 

The Doftor defired further, to know what Copies, or ancient Manufcripts of Oriental 
Verfions, were in the publick Library at Oxford, or in Mr. Pocock*s own private Colieftion : 
What the former produced, I know not •, but from the latter cajne a very good Supply : 
As, frft, the Go/pels in Perjian, which had never before been printed, were now publifhed 
■wholly from a Copy that was fent in by him, being a Manufcript above 300 Years old, of 
u Tranflation made from the Syriack, and therefore preferr'd to Mr. Wheelocke's, which was 
of later Date, and only a Verfion from the Greek : Of this, that learned Gentleman was fo 
fenfible, while he was preparing his Edition of the Per/tan Gofpels, that, upon the Lent 
of Mr. Pocock's Copy, he declared in a Letter to him, that had it not been for his Fear 
of opprefTmg his Amanuenfist he would, upon Sight thereof, have begun his Work 
again. 

^dlys H I s Syriack Manufcript of the whole Old Teflament, and two other Manufcripts 
of the Pfalms in the fame Language ; the Supply of this was the moft feafonable, becaufe 
one of Primate UJher's Syriack Copies of the Pentateuch was in the Hands of Dr. Boote, then 
TO France •, who, fppn after the Beginning of this Work, died there : So that if ever this 
'Manufcript was recovered, it came too late for the Service of the Polyglott Edition. And 
•tho' the Lord Primate's other Copy is declared by Mt-. "Thorndike to be more trufty than 
■Mr. Pocock's, yet he owns it was fometimes to be helped thereby : And with refped to that 
Part which correfponds with the fecond Tome, Dr. JValton profefTeS, that they found his 
Copy to be more exaftly written, than my Lord Primate*s, and therefore more ufeful. 

^dly. An yEthiopick Manufcript of the Pfalter, which Dr. Walton pronounces to be 
ffo exaftly written, that they made it a Rule whereby to corred the Faults of the two printed 
•Copies. 

But to return to Dr. WaltorS firft Letter to our Author upon this Subjeft. He ac- 
quaints him, that ' the Council of State, before whom, fome having Relation to them, 

* t«x)ught this Buftnefs, hoping they would have born the Charge out of the Publick, haye 

* lately given their Approbation and Recommendation of the Work, with Hopes of ad- 
•* vancing 1000 Pounds to begin the Work ; which, if they do, (adds he) I hope to get the 
-* reft advanced by private Hands, who will take SatisfaAion in Copies.* That the Council 
•of State advanced the Sum here mentioned, or any Part thereof, I much queftion -, becaufe 

I find no more Mention of it in Dr. Walton's Letters, and chiefly becaufe not the leaft No- 

.Oce is taken by him of any pecuniary Gift, in his Preface to the Polyglott Bible. It muft, 

however, be confefTed, to the Honour of that ufurping Government, that they granted an 

Exemption from Duty to all the Paper, which was imported for the Ufe of that Edition. 

This Favour is owned by Dr. Walton in the Preface afore-mentioned, where, among other 

Benefadors to the Work, they arc mentioned, ^lucrum Favore Chartam a VeSligalibus immu- 

tiem habuimus. But that this high Piece of Service to Religion and Learning was the Aft 

of the grand Ufurper, Cromwell himfelf, I come to the Knowledge of, thro' the Goodnefs 

,pf a " Reverend and Learned Gentleman, who imparted to me a Copy of Dr. Cajile's Petition 

to the Protedor for the like Indulgence to the Publication of his Heptaglott Lexicon ; the 

Matter of which Petition, after a Preamble fetting forth the Ufefulnefs of that Lexicon, 

,and in particular its Subferviency to the better Underftanding of the Polyglott Bible, is as 

follows. 

" Mr. Baker, of St. John's College in Cambridge, who likewife was pleasM to impart to me the Memoirs I have 
given of the Cambridge Writers, that were eminently concerned in the Polyglott Edition of the Bible. 

Vol. I. O * May 



50 The L I F E of j 

• Mav it pleafe your Highnefs, for the Countenance and Encouragement of your Peti- 

* tioners, that they may the better be enabled to accomplifh the Undertaking, according to 

* Expe^tion, to vouchfafe them the like Favour and Privilege, that your Highnefs hath 

* formerly granted to the Publifhers of that famous Work, (viz. the Polyglott Bible) and 
' others, who were printing fome Commentaries in relation thereunto, (viz. Bee's Critici 
' Majcres) that your Petitioners may have the Import of five Thoufand Reams of Royal 

* Paper, Excife and Cuftom free.* 

W H o or what induced Cromwell to fliew fo much Munificence, we know not, but furely 
the Ad was good and laudable j efpecially, confidering that the Defign thus encouraged, was 
condufted by a Set of Epifcopal Divines, moft of whom were known Enemies to his Ad- 
miniftration, and the reft rather paffive under the Ufurpation, than Approvers of it. It may 
be too invidious to enquire, how it comes to pafs, that this commendable Example has beea 
fo feldom followed by fucceeding Governments, that were legal, and in other Refpe<5ls gra- 
cious. But great Men in general are very apt to forget, that their Power extends no farther 
than their own Times, and that the Sons of Art «ve the Men, who muft (how them to 
Poftcrity. What, therefoje, our Saviour faid of Charity to Prophets, may, with proper Al- 
terations, be applied to every Encouragcr of Learning. A Patron of Scholars ftiall have 
a Scholar's Reward -, Juftice and Gratitude will oblige them to tranfmit to Futurity, fuch 
fignal Bencfadtlons, with all due Advantage, tho' the Authors of them were otherwife the 
vileft of Men. 

Besides this Favour from the Proteftor, large private Promifes, and Subfcriptions of 
Money, were made early in this Year, 1653, towards the Work. When the Propolals were . 
fent abroad, viz. March 1, 165I, 4000 Pounds are affirmed to have been fubfcribed, which 
Sum was more than doubled in about two Months Time : For in a Letter from Mr. Thomas 
Greaves, dated the 4th of May following, he acquaints Mr. Pocock, ' that Dr. Walton had 

* afliired him, that 9000 Pounds had then been promifed, and that much more was likely to be 

* added, and that he hoped within three Months to begin the Printing thereof.* But it was 
the latt(?p End of September, if not the Beginning of OElober, before the Impreflion of the 
firft Tome, containing the Pentateuch, was entered upon : One Reafon of this Delay was, 
that the Arabick Letters were not ready, and the Hebrew Types were mending -, fome De- 
feds having been obferved therein by Mr, Pocock ; befides which, many of the Subfcribers 
failed the Editor, neither advancing their firft Payment, nor one Farthing afterwards ; and 
he was too circumfped to begin till 1500 Pounds were paid in, to defray the Charges of the 
firft Tome, according to the 7th Article of the Propofals. After which the Undertakers 
proceeded chearfully with the Work. 

The firft Difcouragement they met with, was the Death of Mr. Abraham Wheelocke », 
the firft Profeflbr of the Arabick and Saxon Tongues in the Univerfity of Cambridge, which 
happened juft before the firft Tome was committed to the Prefs ; fo that they had not the 
leaft Ufe of him in that Work ; his Province was, jointly with Mr. Cajlle ^, to corred the 
Syriack and Arabick at the Prefs ; but his Room was filled by Mr. Hyde, at the Recom- 
mendation of Mr. Pocock, who was defired by Dr. PFalton to procure a fit Perfon for that 
Work. 

By 

* Abraliam Wheelocke was born at Loppington,->^n Shropfliire, (of which County likewife was his Patron and 

Founder, Sir Thomas Adams) and admitted of Trinity-College in Cambridge : There he became Bachelor of Arts, 

An. 1614 ; Mailer of Arts, An. 1618, and was admitted Fellow of Clare-Hall the Year following; he was made 

one of the Univerfity Preachers, An. 1623, and commenced Bachelor of Divinity in the Year 1625 ; he was Mi- 

.nifter of St. Sepulchre's Church in Cambridge from the Year 1622 to the Year 1642. 

About the fame Time, (viz. 1622) he read the Arabick Ledure for Mr. (afterwards Sir Thomas] Adams, tho* 
it was not then fettled ; he receiving for the fame 40 Pounds per Annum, remitted to him by quarterly Pay- 
ments. 

He read alfo the Saxon Lefture for Sir Henry Spclman, for which he received an annual Stipend, not fettled, 
but voluntary ; together with this, he gave Mr. Wheelocke the Vicarage of Middleton, in Norfolk, worth 50 
Pounds per Annum, which was intended to be augmented out of the appropriate Parfonage, and to be the 
Ground of his intended Foundation, if Sir Henry's Death, which happened Oflober i, 1641, had not pre- 
vented it. 

Multiplicity of Bufinefs probably fhortened this learned Man's Days ; for he died at London, whilft he was 
printing his Perfian Gofpels, in the Month of September 1653. I need only add, that after Sir Henry Spelman's 
Death, his Son, and upon his Death, his Grandfon, continued to pay the Stipend of 20 Pounds per Annum for 
reading the Saxon Lefture at Cambridge, fo long as Mr. Wheelocke lived. 

y Edmund Caftle, or Caftell, was born at Ealt-Hatley, in the County of Cambridge, being a younger Son of 
Robert Caftell, of Eaft-Hatley, Efq; He was matriculated a Penfioner (of Emmanuel-College, Cambridge) July 
J, 1621 J became Art. Bac. of the fame College, 1624 j Art. Mag. 1628 ; Theol. Bac. 1635, and S. T. P. by the 
King's Letters, An. 1660. 

According to Mr. Ncwcourt, he was Vicar of Hatfield-Peverell, in Effex, which he refigned. An. 1638, and 
P.eftor of Wodeham-Walfer, in the fame County, which he alfo refigned. An. 1670, and was made Prebendary 
of Canterbury, An. 1667, by the King, to whom, two Years after, he dedicated his great Work, viz. Lexicon 
Heptaglotton, and fays of himfelf in his Epiftle Dedicatory : Mihi vero in Molendino hoc per tot annorum Inftra 
indefinenter ocrupato, 4jes ille tanquam feftus & otiofus vifus eft, in quo tarn Bibliis Polyglottis, quam Lexicis hifce 
promovendis, fexdecim aut oilodecim horas dietim non infudavi. An Account almoft incredible, had it not come 
from a Man of great Veracity, as well as Modefty. He farther affares that Prince, that in the Work then pre- 
fented to him, he had entirely fpent both a competent patrimonial Fortune, and all that he had been able to ac- 
quire himfelf, who was then in che 63d Year of his Age. 

.. I Together 



Dr. EDWARD PO C OCK. 51 

B Y the 30th of OSiober this Year, Mr. Pocock fent back to Dr. Walton, the firft Sheet of 
the Pentateuch, with his own various Readings upon it, of which the Doftor owns the Re- 
ceipt in a Letter, dated the firft of the following December, and acknowledges them to be 
very ufeful. In the Clofe of the fame Letter, he adds, ' I have fome Hopes from a Friend 

* at Rome, to get the Armenian Bible, and the Coptick Pentateuch and New Teftament, -which 

* are in the Vatican, tranfcribed ; which, if it can be had in any reafonable Time, may be 

* added to thefe we have, and may make the laft Tome.' That thefe Pieces did not come 
in Time, is certain, becaufe they are not extant in the prefent Polyglott -, and whether they 
ever came at all, I have not beeh able to learn. 

About this Time, Mr. Pocock wrote to Dr. Walton and Mr. 'thorndike^ or both, upon 
two Points of Importance, relating to the Edition in Hand : The firft was, a Propofal to 
have his own Copy of the Syriack Gofpels, of another Tranflation, printed together with that 
of the Paris Edition ; the other concerned the Latin of the Arabick Verfion, its Uncorreft- 
nefs, and a Motion to have it mended. In anfwer to the former of thefe. Dr. Walton re- 
plies, Feb. 22, 165'-, ' Your Syriack Gofpels may be of Ufe for the various Readings, efpe- 

* cially in the moft material Places ; but my Lord Primate thinks it not neceflary to print 

* both the Tranflations at large : If they be of any Antiquity, of which none can better 

* judge than yourfelf, they will be the more acceptable : If the Diflference from the other 

* Tranflation be not great, they may be printed at the End of every Column, as we have 

* done with Tecla's and the Roman Septuagint.' The Truth of the Cafe was, that two Sy- 
riack Tranflations of the Gofpels would have increafed the Expence of the Work, wliich, 
without any Addition to the firft Defign, was like to fall very heavy ; and this Mr. 'Thorn- 
dike, in Effeft, fays in a Letter to Mr. Pocock, dated only two Days after Dr. Walton's ; 

* I have conferred, (fays he) with my Lord Primate and Dr. Walton about your Motion of 

* the other Syriack in the Gofpels, as, perhaps. Dr. Walton may write to you about it here- 

* after, upon Confideration of the Charge which lies upon him, and makes a Difference in 

* the Bufinefs.' Notwithftanding all which. Dr. Walton, two Years after, offered, that if 
Ml. Pococl^s Syriack Gofpels fhould, in his own Judgment, be fit to be tranflated, and joined 
with the other Tranflation, he would publifh it with the reft in the New Teftament ; but, 
after the Intimation above given by Mr. Thorndike, our Author had too much Candour and 
Modeftv CO prefs the Matter any further. And thus it fell out, that no Manner of Ufe was 
made oi Mr. Focock's Syriack Gofpels in the Polyglott, they not having been fo much as col- 
lat, d for varuus Readings, The other Motion for mending the Latin of the Arabick Ver- 
fion was certainly of much more Importance, and a Propolal truly worthy of Mr. Pocock's 
found Judgment and good Senfe. For the Latin of an Arabick Verfion could be of no Ser- 
vice, but to fuch as were ignorant of that copious Language, and fo long as it was incorred, 
muft often greatly deceive them ; and accordingly in Fad, if we may believe Pere Simon ', 
the Latin of the Arabick and other Eaftern Verfions led Mr. Pool, in his Synopfis, into fre- 
quent and grievous Miftakes, To this laft Propofal, only Mr. Thorndike made a Reply, 
which inclines me to think, that Mr. Pocock mentioned it only to Mr. Thomdike, who feems 
never to have imparted it to Dr. Walton, for Reafons, which I think evidently appear in his 
Letter to Mr. Pocock on this Subjeft, in which he fays : 

* As to the Latin of the Arabick, I conceive the like might be faid of the Syriack; but 

* I do not hear you advife, that any Thing be done to reftify it ; that is a Work that would 
» be profitable, but troublefome ; and I know not how plaufible in another Man's Work : 

* And truly I am of Advice, that the Bufinefs of this Work is, rather to fettle the'Origi- 

* nals, refting contented with giving the Tranflations anciently printed ; it would be too much 

* to undertake to do that, for all, which were fit to be done, in Time.' 

True it is, that the Motion was made too late ; ptherwife the complying with it 
would have been highly ferviceable to the World ; particularly, had the Latin of the Orien- 
tal Verfions of the New Teftament been exa<5t and literal, it would let us into the Reading 
of thofe ancient Copies, from which thofe Verfions were made, of which, by Reafon of its 
prefent Laxnefs and Inaccuracy, no certain Judgment can be formed, but by fuch as compe- 
tently underftand the Originals. The fame Advantage would have arifen from a true and 
fervile Latin Verfion of fuch Eaftern Tranflations of the Old Teftament, as were made from 
the Septuagint, towards akcrtaining the ancient Readings of it : But fuch is the Infelicity of 
all human Counfels and Undertakings, that thofe which feem neareft to Perfedlion, appear ftill 

capable 

Together with the Prebend, the King gave him a Difpenfation of Abfence, in order to attend his Arabick 
Leftu:f- at Cambridge ; -.vhere he became the firft fettled Arabick Lefturer, by an Inftrument under the Hand of 
Sir Tho. Adan", tne Founder, dated June 20, 1666, after a 13 Yean Vacancy of that Letture, which, during 
Mr. Wheelocke's Life, had been voluntary only. His Leftures were heard at firft with great Applaufe, but, in a 
few Years, were 10 much neglefted, that, being then eafy, and difpofed to be pleafant, he put up this Affix upon 
the School-Gates ; Arabics Linguae Praeleftor eras ibit in Defertum. During this Period he was a Member of 
St. John's-CoUege, being admitted there Oftober 27, 1671. 

He died at Kigham-Gobyon, in Bedfordftiire, An. 1685, whereof he was then Reftor, where he lies buried, 
with a modeft Epitaph. 

* See his Critical HiAory of the O. T. 1. iii. C. 15. 



52 The L I F E of 

capable of Improvement, and no fooner is one DefeA fupplied, but others immediately dif- 
cover themfelves. 

I N the Year 1 654, Dr. Walton acquaints Mr. Pocock, that after the Text of the Penta- 
teuch ftiould be printed off, which, he fuppofes, would be about Bartholcmew-T'idt, they had 
fome Thoughts (if all Things could be got r^y in Time) of printing the New Teftament 
next, • both becaufe it is the principal Part, and would give Satisfaction to tije moft : So, adds 

* he, Erpenius did with las Arabick, and fo I perceive they did by the Parifian ; that fo, if any 
' Thing Ihould intervene, the chief Parts of the Bible might be firft done. He concludes : 

* By your next, I pray you let me have your Opinion.' What Mr. Pocock's Judgment was, 
concerning this Point, no where appears -, but foon after Dr. Walton faw Caufe to alter his 
Purpofe, as he afterwards writes to our Author. ' I find, fays he, tho' much defired by 

* many, this is fo much diftafted by Mr. Selden^ and fome others, whofe Judgments I value, 

* that, I think, we fliall go on now with the other Books in Order, and the rather, be- j 
' caufe I find I (hall iurdly get all Things ready for the New Icftament in fo ftiort a J 

* Time.* i 
And now they were preparing for the fecond Tome of the Polyglott Bible, which con- 

tains the Hiftorical Books j at which Time, Dr. Walton was put upon a fruitlefs Inquiry after 
the Cbaldee Paraphrafe upon the Chronicles, which Raviui affirmed he had feen in the Bod- 
leian Uihizxy at Oxford; but he was foon convinced, xhzx. Ravius was miftaken, there being 
no fuch Targum at Oxford, ' nor, adds he, in Cambridge, tho' fome of Erfenius's Books be 

* there.' However, it appeared afterwards, that they were both in an Error, as to this Tar- 
gum on the Chronicles -, Ravius^ in affirming he had feen it at Oxford, and Dr. Walton, in fup- . 
pofing it was not at Cambridge, where Mr. Samuel Clarke afterwards found, and tranfcribed 
it 1 of which more in its proper Place. In October this Year, the firft Tome was finiflied, 
maugre the malicious Surrnues of fome envious and difaffedled Perfoiis, of whom Dr. Wal- 
ton complains. It feems, the Zealots of thofe Days, not contented with getting into the 
warm Places of the ejefted Clergy, envied them, even while they were ftarving in the Caufe 
of Religion and Loyalty : They had effedually excluded them from ferving God, and pro- 
moting his Holy Truths, as Churchmen, and they were uneafy at their glorious Efforts to do 
this, as Scholars. 

In July, 1655, they entered on the third Volume of the Bible, which contained the 
Writings of David, Solomon, and the Prophets, and finilhed the fecond Tome before the End 
of that Month ; from which Time, we are unable to give a particular Detail of the Progrefs 
of this great Work, or to fey any more, than that it was entirely finifhed towards the Clofe 
of the Year 1657, and that on the 12th of May 1658, Dr. Walton fent Mr. Pocock the re- 
maining Parts of the Polyglott Bible, which he had not before prefented him withal, as alfo 
thofe Manufcripts and Books, which he had lent them, except the /Etbiopick Pfalter, which 
Mr. Cajlle defired either to buy, or borrow. 

And thus, in about four Years, was finilhed the Englijh Polyglott Bible, the Glory of 
that Age, and of the Englifh Church and Nation, a Work vaftly exceeding all former At- 
tempts of that Kind, and that came fo near Perfedion, as to difcourage all future ones. One 
would therefore think, that, at home at leaft, it ihould have been well entertained by all, that 
had any Regard for Religion and Learning ; and yet, no fooner was it publilhed, than fome 
principal Men among the prevailing Party were very much offended at it ; fearing, perhaps, 
the Indignation of Foreigners againft them, for having, with little Merit, and againft all 
Law and Title, taken the Places of fuch Prodigies for Lwrning and Induftry, as Dr. Walton, 
Mr. Pocock, and Mr. Thorndike, &c. 

Amongst thefe was Dr. Owen, who, the next Year, together with a Latin Traft 
againft the Quakers, I know not by what Rules of Congruity, was pleafed to publilh one 
in Englifh againft the Polyglott Bible : Many Things injurious to the Reformation, and even 
to Chriftianity itfelf, he pretended to difcover in it, efpecially in the Prolegomena and Ap- 
pendix i and, accordingly, made no fmalfOutcry againft it : But how far Envy engaged him 
to meddle with Things above his Knowledge, how frequently he contradicted himfelf, and 
really fell into thofe Crimes, which he only fancied others to be guilty of; and particularly, 
how he mifreprefented and milapplied fome Things aflerted by Mr. Pocock, in his Preface to the 
Arabick various Readings before-mentioned, was, in a ftiort Time, unanfwerably fhewn by 
Dr. Walton, in a Difcourfe he publilhed for that Purpofe ', Indeed, it is not eafy to con- 
ceive, how fad the Cafe was of the true Sons of the Church of England in thofe Times. As 
a great Variety of Means were made ufe of to opprefs and ruin them, fo they were treated 
with all Kinds of Calumny and Reviling ; yea, thofe very Performances, which were of the 
greateft Service to the Church of God, and will be Monuments of their Piety and Zeal for 
Divine Truth, as long as the World /hall laft, their unreafonable Perfecutors were not alhamed 
to charge with a Defign to propiote Atheifm or Popery. A much later and more learned Per- 
fon has cenfured Mr. Pocock, for fopiething in his Preface to the Arabick various Readings, 
fo oft mentioned, "viz.. Abbe Renaudot : He (Hift. Patriarch. Alexandr. p. 77, & fequ.) 
charges Abulfeda with Ingnorance, in not knowing that the Old Teftamcflt ha4 bwn tranf- 

lated 
* The Confiderator conTidcr'd, printed at London, A. D. i6;9. 



Dr. EDWARD P OCOCK. _53 

lated into Arabick [in his Time] which, adds he, deceived the learned Pocock, when he 
grounded his ConjecfturCj as to the Antiquity of the Arabick Verfion, on his Teftimony. But 
that learned Perfon appears herein to have committed a double Miftake : For, Jirji, Abulfeda, 
in the Place referred to by Renaudot, fays nothing of the Antiquity of the Arabick Verfion^ 
but only that the Verfion into that Language had not then been written in Arabick Charafters! 
2dly, Even in this Mr. Pocock does not follow Abulfeda, declaring, in that very Preface, that 
he would not ralhly affirm, what the other did, that the faid Verfion was at that Time firft 
put into a Saracenick Drefs, fince Aben Ezra aflerts of Saadias himfelf, that he turned the 
Law into the Ifmaelitick Tongue and Charaiier. But this Saadias died above 300 Years before 
the Time of Abulfeda \ 

Th e Pleafure Mr. Pocock received from feeing fo ufeful a Work, and in which himfelf 
had fo great a Share, brought to a happy Conclufion, was fadly abated towards the End of 
the fame Year, by the Death of Dr. Gerard Langbaine, the very learned and ingenious Pro- 
voft of ^een's-College in Oxford. Our Author, in very moving Terms, laments this Lofs 
to himfelf and the Publick, writing thus to Ludovicus Forgius, Dodlor of Phyfick at Sau- 
mur. Oxonium trifti admodum nuntio ad Funus Amici (vel fi quod fanSIius Nomen eft) charifjimi 
Gerardi Langbanii, magni Academic noftra Liiminis & in quo Res Literaria irreparabilem 

pafja eft Jaauram, Rure evocatus, literas a te accefi. Indeed, the Lofs Mr. Pocock 

fuftained, by the Death of this excellent Man, was very great : For, by his Prudence, Acj-*' 
tivity, and Intereft, he had been fupported and encouraged throughout thofe difficult Tifnes,'^ 
which, without fuch Affiftance, muft have overwhelmed a Man fo little pra6tifed in the 
Affairs of the World, as our Author. And as he greatly needed fuch Friends, fo the good 
Providence of God ftill fupplied him with them, from Time to Time, till the Reftoration 
brought Peace and Settlement, and ordinary Prudence was fufficient to fecure an honeft Man 
from Violence and Vexation. The Polyglott was fcarce finifhed, before two other Projeds 
appeared, that were Grafts upon that noble Undertaking, and carried on by fome learned 
Affiflants to it. The firft was, an additional or feventh Tome of the Polyglott Bible, con- 
taining many Pieces not taken into the former fix ; among which was, Mr. Pocock'5 Syriack 
Gofpels, of a different Tranflation, from that followed by Dr. Walton : This was finilhed,'^^' 
but, for what Reafon I know not, never publifhed, and is, by the Oxford Hiftorian, reckoned 
among Mr. Samuel Clark's Works, with this Title, Septimum Bibliorum Polyglottm VoluttienJ';. 
cum Verjionibus antiquijjimis, non Chaldaicd tan turn, fed Syriacis, ^thiopicis, Copt ids, ArabicisJ^_ 
Perftcis contextum. The other was a Lexicon to the Oriental Languages of the Polyglott Edi-' 
tion, known by the Name of the Heptaglott Lexicon, carried on chiefly by the very learned 
and indefatigable Dr. Caftel, and publifhed by him feveral Years after. In both thefe learned 
Defigns Mr. Pocock's Affiftance was defired, and readily granted. 

It has been already obferved. Page 35, that, in the Year 1652, Mr. Pocock, at the 
Importunity of Mr. Selden, began the Tranflation of a large hiftorical Difcourfe, viz. the An-., 
nals of Eutychius, Melchite Patriarch of Alexandria, out of Arabick into Latin, which Tranf- r 
lation was publiflied, together with the Original, in two Volumes, at Oxford, in the Year 
1658. And tho' this had been confidered by learned Men abroad, as a very ufeful Work,, 
and as fuch, was recommended to Erpenius, by Ifaac Caufabon % with all imaginable Earneft-,. 
nefs ; yet, Mr. Pocock declares in the Preface, that it was not undertaken by him from his 
own Inclination ; but upon the Perfuafion and Importunity of Mr. Selden. Doubtlefs, he did 
in no Sort affed: that Caufe, for the Sake of which Mr. Selden was fo fond of Eutychius, 
and therefore was unwilling to give any feeming Ground for being thought a Partner in it. 
That learned Man, having been cenfured by the High Commiffion for fome offenfive Paflages 
in his Hiftory of Tithes, became not a little difpleafed with fome Biftiops of the Church of 
England: And tho' afterwards, for feveral Years, he met with a great deal of Refped from 
them, on account of his very great Learning, yet the Refentment of that former Ufage lay 
deep in his Mind, and was at length fufficiently difcovered by him, as he found an Oppor- 
tunity for it. For in the Year 1642, to bear down Epifcopacy, which was then finking in 
this Nation, he publiflied, what he would have to be thought, a mighty Argument againft 
it ; namely, the Account which this Eutychius gives of the Church of Alexandria, during 
the three firft Centuries : But tho' Mr. Selden, in a large Preface to that Paragraph of Euty- 
chius, and a larger Commentary upon it, did all he could to make it ferve his Defign, it 
hath been fully proved to be in no Sort fufficient for it. Abraham Echellenjis, a learned 
Maronite, in a Book for this Purpofe, publiflied fome Time after at Rome ', ftiewed, among 
other Things, that Mr. Selden was no fair Tranflator of Eutychius's Arabick, and appealed to 
Mr. Pocock and Mr. John Greaves for the Truth of what he aflerted : But, fuppofing the 
Tranflation juft -, that the whole Paflage is a perfed: Fable, hath been abundantly made out 
by feveral learned Men «. It was no wonder therefore, that a Man of Mr. Pocock's Temper, 

Vo L. I. P andr- 

i" See for this whole Matter Gagnier in Pracf. ad Abulfed. Vit. Mohammedis, and Sale's Notes on Bayle, under 
the Word Abulfeda, p. 116. ' Ifaaci Caufaboni Epiftoix, Num. 732. ^ Eucych. Vind. Autore Ab. 

Echellenfi, Rom» A. D. 1661, Par. I. c. ix. p. 29. " Morinus de Ordinationibus, Par. Ill c. 7. Ham-- 

mondi Differtatio tertia contra BlondelluDi, r. x. Waltoni Prolegomena in Bib. Polygl, Prol. 14. Seft. jo. Pcar- 
foni Vin4icis Ignat. Par. I. c. x. • 



54 The L I F E of ..n 

and Principles fliould need the moft importunate Perfuafions to tranflate and puhIKh a Book, 
which Mr. Selden had made fuch Ufe of: However, by performing tliat Work, he hath 
been very far from doing any Diflervicc to the Caufe of Epifcopacy : For, as he hath put that 
Paragraph in a truer Light "^j fo, by his £<»//« Verfion of the whole Book, he has enabled 
thofe, who before could be no Judges of the Matter, fully to perceive, how little Credit is 
due to an Author, who, as Mr. Pocock declares in the Preface to him *, has many fabulous 
'Things relating to ancient Hiftory, and gives us abfurd Accounts of the Tranf anions in the 
Weflern Parts of the IVerld, as our Writers commonly do in thofe of the Eafiern. Mr. Selden., 
indeed, fpeaks very magnificently of this Arabian ; he efteems him, he fays, as an Egyptian 
Bede, "> and makes no Doubt at all, but that his Annals were for the moft Part taken out 
of the Archives of the Church of Alexandria : But that learned Man did not confider what 
another Arabian Writer ' (whofe Hiftory Mr. Pocock afterward tranflated and publifhed) hath 
made manifeft, namely, that in the tenth Age, wherein Eutychius lived, there were no Ar- 
chives of that Church j for when that City was taken by the Saracens^ many Years before 
in the Reign of Sultan Omar, his General, Amrus Ebnol As, by a {particular Order from his 
Mafter, commanded all the Books and Writings in it to be fent to the Baths, as Fuel for 
heating them, where they were all confumed. Indeed, he that hath read thefe Annals of Eu- 
tychius, cannot but be fully fenfible, how ignorant he was of -the Antiquities of his own 
ChuFch. No-body was more famous within the Time, which the Paragraph publifhed by 
yit. Selden relates to, t\izn Origen: Now this Man, who lived in the former Part of the 
third Century, Eutychius thrufts down to the Middle of the ftxth, makes a Bilhop of him, 
and brings him to the Council of Conjiantinaple, called by the Emperor Juftinian, to be there 
condemned *". Of what Ufe, therefore, foever thefe Annals may be, either in fome chrono- 
logical Points ', about which other Writers are filent or defedive, or in the hiftorical Account 
he gives of the Per/tans^ and other Oriental Nations, it is certain, his bare Authority cannot 
be fufficient in any Matter to overthrow the general Confent of the Greek and Latin Fathers^ 
and^Church Hiftorians. , ,. 

A^.ais Edition of Eutychius was carried on at the fole Charge of Mr. &/i^», as appears 
by fevcral Ijeitters fent to him by Dr. Langbaine, in one of which the Dodor, upon Mr. Po-> 
cock's difliking one of the Charaders of the Arabick Font at Oxford, defiring him to procure,' 
at London, a new Punchion and Matrice, with five or fix Pounds of Letter, thus pleafantly 
addrefled him in the Words of the Frier in Chaucer, who begged Money for compleating their 
Cloyfter, . ^^u . 

A^ vd Now help Thomas, for him that harrow' d Hell, 
Or elfe mote we all our Books fell. 

But what puts it more out of Difpute, that the Impreflion of Eutychius was entirely made at 
Mr. Selden's Expence, is, that, by a Codicil made to his Will the Year before his Death, he 
bequeathed it as his fole Property to Dr. Langbaine and Mr. Pocock. 

I N Juftice, therefore, to Mr. Selden's Memory, who died three or four Years before this 
Book was publifhed, his Pidlure was put before it, and the following Words, on Dr. Lang-^ 
baine's Requeft, were added in the Title Page, Illuflriff. Joanne Seldeno ra fjuzxct^ha Chorago : 
And tho' nothing more was meant by them, than that Mr. Selden was at the Expence of this 
chargeable Work, the Choragus in the Play being, as a very learned Man " hath obferved on 
this Occafion, the Perfon who was at the Charges of exhibiting the Scenes " ; yet it hath 
given fome Ground to feveral Perfons (and particularly to the Compiler of the Catalogue of 
printed Books in the Bodleian Library publifhed in the Year 1 674) to imagine, that Mr. Sel- 
den began this Tranflatlon, and that Mr. Pocock only finilhed it ; whereas, the former never 
tranflated any other Part of Eutychius, than that fhort Paragraph already mentioned, which 
he publifhed many Years before, and which Mr. Pocock hath correded. To this Miftake 
concerning the Tranflatlon, it may not be Improper to add another about the Authorghimfelf : 
His Name, at firft, was Said Ibn Batrick, which, when he was made Patriarch, he changed 
into that of Eutychius, as exprefTive in the Greek Language of what he was called in Ara- 
bick " : And this Greek Name, I believe, was that which gave Occafion to Dr. Heyhn, in 
his Life of Archbifhop Laud, to mention this Eutychius, as a Greek Writer f. The Dodor 
is followed In this Error by Mr. Ant. Wood, In the Account he gives of Mr. Selden's Life, 
where he alfo falls into fome others 1 for, in the Catalogue of Mi. Selden's Works, having 
2 mentioned 

f Vid. Penrfoni Vindrciae, Par. I. p. 180. Ed- Cantab. 1672. « Praf. in Annal. Eutych. p. j. 

^ Prscf. ad Orig. Eutych. p. 23. ' Greg. Abul. Pharagii Hid. Dynaft. p. 114. '' Eutychii An- 

nates, Tom. II. p. 171. ' See Bifhop Pearfon, de Succeflione primorum Romx Epifcoporum Differt. I. 

c. 14, & Pncf. in Annates Eutych. p. 3. N. B. Bifhop Pearfon, who, on another Occafion, (in his Vindic. Ignat.) 
had rejedled the Authority of Eutychius, as not to be credited, even in the Affairs of his own Church, is taxed 
by the learned and ingenious Author of Reflettions upon Learning, for allowing his Authority in the Affairs of the 
Church of Rome, and with forfaking our Greek and Latin Authors to follow his Footfteps, in his Pofthumous 
Piece, juft now referred to. Refleil. upon Learning, p. 158, 159. "' Dean Prideaux, in his Life of Mahomet. 

" See Plaut. in Perfa. Aft. I. Seen. 3. Satur. niAiy Ornamenta ? Tox. Abs Chorago fumito. » Seldeni Pnef. 

ad Orig. Eutych. p. 7. p Cyprianus Anglic. Par. II. Lib. iv. p. 303. 



Dr. E D W A R D P O C O C K. ^^ 

mentioned Verfto 6? Comment arius ad Eutychii Ecclefi<e Alexandrine Origincs, Lond. 1642 
he goes on faying. To which are added, the faid Eutychius's Annals, with Comments them^ 
on, by Edw. Pocock, of C. C. Coll. Oxon. . : 

Nothing elfe, particularly relating to our Author, occurs to us, t:\\ March i6'i 
when, the fecluded Members of the Houfe of Commons being reftored to their Seats in Pari 
liament, had appointed a Committee to confider of Dr. Reynolds (afterwards Bifhop of Nor- 
wich) his Reftitution to the Deanery of Chrijf- Church, from whence he was removed, for not 
taking the Ingagement ; Dr. Wallis, the ever-memorable Savilian ProfefTor at Oxford, hearing 
this, and that Dr. Mills's Cafe removed from a Canonry in that Church on the fame Account 
lay aifo before the fame Committee, and thinking Mr.- P<7f(7c^'s Cafe, who loft his Canonry on 
the like Score, fairer than either of theirs was, recommended it to Major Fincher, probably a 
Member of that Parliament. This he did unknown to our Author, who was then at Chil- 
drey, and whom, in that Exigence, he had not Time to cohfult : And becaufe Dr. tVallii's 
Reprefentation of Mr. Pocock's Cafe contains many Pads worthy of the curious Reader's No- 
tice, I fhall give it in the Dodor's own Words. : 

» Th£ Difpofal of the Deanery and Canonlhip in C/jr//?-Cterr/?' were heretofore reputed 
' to belong to the King, who did accordingly from Time to Time difpofe of them. In the 
' Time of King James, he did, by his Charter, annex one of the Canonftiips to the Divinity 
' Profeflbr, and his Succeftbrs for ever ; and King Charles another of them to the Hebrew- 
« Profeflbr, and a third to the Univerfity Orator,, which were accordingly enjoyed. Upon 
« the Death of Dr. Morrice, Hebrew Profeflbr, the Committee of both Houfes (who did then 
» manage the Affairs of the Univerfity) did put Mr. Pocsck into' his Place and Canonfhip, 

* who did accordingly enjoy it for fome Time, till, for refufing to fubfcribe the Inwagement, 

* he was (at the fame Time with Dr. Reynolds and Dr. Mills) put out of his Ganonihip ; but 
' remained (as ftill he doth) Hebrew Profeflbr. Upon the Death of Dr. French, (who was" 
' put into his Place) the Ingagement being before that Time taken oiF, it was thought, that 
« Mr. Pijccr^'s Right did again revive, and that he ought to be reftored to that Canonfliip, 
« as Hebrew Profeflbr for the Time being, there being now no Bar in the Way. And while 

* there were Motions in the Univerfity to petition for it. Dr. Owen (then Vice-chancellor,, 

* and in Favour with the Proteftor) undertook to manage that Bufinefs himfeif, and went up 
' to Lo»io« about it. But thereupon, vn'A.^ziii oi Mr. Pocock, Mr. Pointer v/ns put into that 

* Place by the Proteftor, who was fuppofed to have no Power to difpofe of it to any other 

* Perfon, than the Hebrew Profeflbr for the Time being : And befide this, by an A& of the 

* Parliament before the laft Interruption, all Grants of the Protedor were made void, and 

* therefore this among the reft: And before that A6t they were yet prefumed io weak, thaff 

* Vr.fFilkins and others got new Grants (to the Places which- the Protestor had beftowed 

* on them) from the Parliament, and the like was endeavoured for Mr. Pointer, but could 
' not be obtained; fo that, upon the whole Matter, there feems very little to be faid, why 

* Mr. Pocock ftiould not be reftored. That which id to be done in order to it, is, that a 

* Motion he made in the Houfe, for this Bufinefs to be referred to the fame Committee with 
' that of Dr. Reynolds, and that (if Need be) Summons be fent to Mr. Pointer to appear, 

* if he have any Thing to fay, why Mr. Pocock ftiould- not be reftored.* This Letter was 
dated March 6, 1 644. 

Whether the Houfe would have hearkened to this Remonftrance or no, there was 
not Time to judge : For in ten Days after the Date of Dr. Wallis's Letter, this long Par- 
liament pafled an Ad for its own Diflblution, and for calling a new one, to meet on the 
26th of the following Month. They met accordingly, and God having now fufBciently 
tried the Faith and Patience of his fuffering Church of England, was pleafed to put it into 
the Hearts of this Convention to invite the King to his Throne. And thus, by a Turn of 
Providence, never enough to be adored and acknowledged, our ancient Conftitution was re- 
ftored to us, at a Time too, when that Blefling was thought very diftant, if not utterly 
defpaired of. 



SECTION IV. 

THE Year 1660 was aufpicious to Mr. Pocock on more Accounts than one: For I find 
him congratulated by a Friend at this Time, upon his Recovery from a Fit of Sick- 
nefs, which he calls the Prodrome to the publick Reftauration. In the Month of 
June he attended the Vice-chancellor, when he waited on the King to prefent him with the 
Oxford Verfes on that happy Occafion ; nor was it long before our Author, among other op- 
prefled Loyalifts, felt the Benefit of that national Deliverance : For the Canonry of Chrijl- 
Church annexed to the Hebrew Ledure at Oxford, by King Charles the Firft, and from which 
he had now been removed, for Refufal of the Ingagement, about ten Years, was reftored to 
him i the Intruder having been turned out by the Delegates, appointed to vifit that Uni- 
verfity, 



S6 



The L I F E of t 



verfity, prefently after the Reftoration. It has been already faid, that Mr. Pococi, on *tfe<J 
Death of Dr. Morris, was, upon the Recommendation of Dr. Shelden and Dr. Hammond, 
nominated to the Hebrew Lefture, and the Canonry thereto annexed, by King Charles the 
Firft, then (1648) a Prifoner in the IJle of Wight, but that he was not conftituted by Patent, 
the King not having the Great Seal then in his Power : But Dr. Sheldon, then Dean of the 
Chapel Royal, and foon after Bifhop of London, took Care to have that Defed fupplied the 
very Month after the King's Return : For this Purpofe, Letters Patents were granted (bear- 
ing Date June 20, An. Duodec. Car. mdi) conftituting Mr. Pocock Hebretv Profeflbr, and Ca- 
non of Chrift -Church, by Virtue whereof, he was folemnly inftalled on the 27th of the 
Month following. The Difficulties alfo that formerly attended Degrees, being now removed 
by the late happy Change, he took that of Dodtor of Divinity on the 20th Day of Septem- 
ber, in the fame Year. .1 

I T has already been obferved, that Mr. Pocock, tho' he fucceeded Dr. Morris in the He- 
brew Lefture at Oxford, by Order of the Committee of Parliament, was not promoted to his 
Canonry, which had been annexed to that Ledure, but to the Canonry of Dr. Payne, who, 
together with Dr. Pell, the Dean of Cbrijt -Church, and fome others of the Prebendaries, was 
removed by the faid Committee, for a pretended high Contempt of the Authority of Par- 
liament. By thefe Means it came to pafs, that Mr. Pocock was forced to accept of another 
Hou{e or Manfion, and not that which belonged to the Canonry, that had been annexed to 
the Hebrew Ledture by King Charles the Firft. It has been related likewife, how he and his 
Friends laboured to get him Admiflion to his proper Houfe and Canonry, and, upon Failure 
of Succefs, how he entered his Proteft, with a Salvo to the Rights of the Hebrew ProfefTor- 
Ihip. I need not repeat the little Regard that was paid, in thofe Times, to Royal Grants, 
nor how the fame Committee afterwards deprived him of his Canonry, while they fufFered 
him ot retain the Ledure, to which a Canonry had been infeparably annexed. And tho' at the 
Reftoration, as hath been already faid, he was again inftalled a Canon of that Church, he 
had yet the Mortification to fee another in Pofleffion of thofe Lodgings, which belonged to 
his Predeceflbr in the Hebrew Profeflbrftiip, Dr. Morris. The Intruder at this Time was 
John Mills, Dodor of Law, and then Member of the Houfe of Commons : This Dr. Millsy 
tho' moft evidently a Lay-man, had been Canon of Chrijl-Churcb % and was removed thence 
at the fame Time with Dr. Reynolds and Mr. Pocock, and on the fame Pretence ; namely, for 
refufing the Ingagement. At the Reftoration he got Pofleffion of Dr. Morris's Houfe, and 
detained it from Mr. (now Dr.) Pocock, in Right of his Pretenfion to the Canonry, out of 
which he had formerly been ejeded. In order to the Recovery of thefe Lodgings, the 
Univerfity of Oxford joined with Dr. Pocock in a Petition to the Delegates, appointed by the 
King, foon after his Return, to vifit that Univerfity, for a Hearing before them, or before 
any of the Judges, to whom their Honours might think fit to refer the Confideration of it. 
The Refult of this Affair was, that the Delegates firft removed Dr. Mills from the Canonry 
for which he was unqualified, and put Dr. Pocock into the Lodgings proper to the Stall that 
was annexed to the Hebrew Profeflbrftiip, and into which he was put, by Virtue of the Let- 
ters Patents he had fo lately obtained. 

And now the remaining Part of Dr. Pocock's Life being of one Tenor or Way, fpent in 
Study, and doing Good, without thofe Travels or Sufferings, which have fo much length- 
ened this Difcourfe, what we have further to do, will, for the moft Part be, to give fome 
Account of thofe other Books he publiftied, according to the Order of Time in which they 
were printed, and then, to lay thofe Things together, which may ferve to give fome inrperfeS 
Idea of his very great Worth. 

I N this Year 1 660, he printed his Arabick Verfion of Hugo Grotius's Treatife concerning 
the Truth of the Chriftian Religion : That excellent Book, which defervedly met with the 
higheft Applaufe from learned Men, had been already tranflated into feveral Languages, par- 
ticluarly Englifh, Dutch, French, Swedifh and Greek ; but in no Tongue could it be thought 
more ufeful, than in the Arabick, being a Language underftood, not only in the Ottoman 
Empire, but in Perfia, Tartary, and all thofe Parts of India and Africa, where Mahometifm 
has prevailed. Among the Profeflbrs of that Superftition, doubtlefs there are fome well- 
meaning People, who would entertain favourable Thoughts of Chriftianity, were they fuffici- 
ently made acquainted with the Reafonablenefs and Excellency of it. The Converfion of 
fuch. Dr. Pocock had in View, when he firft refolved upon this Work ; and not only that, 
but the Inftrudion and better Eftablifliment of the Chriftians, that are very numerous in fome 
of thofe Countries, who, by Reafon of the Bondage they are under, know but little of the 
holy Religion they prefefs, and the Evidence on which it is built ; and therefore, to mend 
their worldly Condition, are too often tempted into Apoftafy. And to make this Tranflation 
nwre fit for thefe Purpofes, he took the Liberty, which the learned Author allowed him (in 

a 

•> Mr. Ant. Wood, in his Hift. & Antiq. of the Univ. of Oxford, accounts for the whole Matter : He acquaints 
us, that Dr. Mills was put into the Canonry of Dr. Morris, the Hebrew Profeflbr, by the Committee of the two 
Houfes, who probably had no Scruples about the Legality of a Lay-Canon of Chrift-Church. Being, therefore, 
reftored by the long Parliament, juft before they diflblved themfelves, to that Canonry, which he afterwards loft, 
by refufing the Ingagement, he came again of courfe into the Lodgings belonging to it. 



Dr. EDWARD POCOCK. ^j 

a Vifit he made to him at Paris, when he returned the laft Time out of the Eaft) of mak- 
ing fuch Alterations, as he thought neceflary : Grotius's latrodudion being only an Account 
addrefled on a particular Occafion to Hieron. Bignonius,^ of a Work of the like Nature, which 
he had formerly publiflied in Dutch, and alfo containing in it, fome Expreffions relating to 
the Mahometans, which in the Entrance might, perhaps, difcourage thofe People from per- 
ufing the Book, Dr. Pocock thought fit to leave out, and inftead thereof, he inferted a Pre- 
face entirely new. In this Preface he propofes_ the Defign of the whole Treatife, which was, 
he fays, to enquire concerning the true Worfliip of God, and the Arguments of its Truth ; 
fhews the vaft Importance of fuch Refearches ; prays for the Divine Illumination, which is 
neceflary to render them eflfedual. He gives fome Account of the Perfons to whom this 
Work would be efpecially ferviceable, which are not only thofe, who are miftaken in religious 
Matters, but fuch alfo to whom God, in his Mercy, hath fhewn the Way of Truth, who, 
if of competent Underftandings, might be furnifhed by it, with proper Weapons to conquer 
Error; but, if of meaner Capacities, would yet be enabled, by the Perufal of it, to continue fted- 
faft, refitting the Aflaults of thofe, who fhould labour to pervert them. Moreover, he fhews 
of what Kind the Arguments made ufe of in it, are ; namely, fuch as, being coUeded from 
the Books both of ancient and modern Authors, who have written, on this Subjedt, are fure 
and convincing, and alfo eafy to be underftood. Befides this new Preface, he alfo made 
feveral Changes in the 6th Book, wherein the Author applies himfelf to the Confutation of 
Mabometifm, amending fome Things, and leaving out others, both in the s^b and loth Sec- 
tions of it, and particularly the pretended Miracle of the Flying of the Dove to Mahomet'j 
Ear, as having no Foundation, either in the Writings or Opinions of his Followers : About 
which, when he difcourfed with Grotius, that learned Man freely acknowledged ' his taking 
the Story only from our own Waiters, efpecially from Scaliger, m his Notes on Manilitis. 

This Verfion, as I have formerly fhewn. Dr. Pocock had intended to publifh many 
Years before, and the Reafon of his delaying it fo very long, undoubtedly was, the Cofl of 
Printing it : For the Copies of it being not for Sale, but charitable Ufes, a Sum was required 
for this, much beyond his own Ability : But this Difficulty was now removed by the gene- 
rous Offer of the Honourable Robert Boyle, Efq; that great Promoter of all ufeful Know^ 
ledge, both Divine and Human, who, as foon as he underftood this Defign of Dr. Pocock, 
afliired him, that he would bear the whole Charge of it. Indeed, that pious and learned 
Gentleman, on whom God had beflowed a double BlefTing, a plentiful Efl:ate, and therewith 
a Heart to ufe it well, never omitted any Opportunity, that prefented itfelf, of doing Ser- 
vice to the Interefts of true Religion. At his Cofl;, the Irijh New Teflament was reprinted, 
and he was chiefly at the Expence alfo of reprinting' the Old. Upon his Defire, and by 
his Encouragement, that Catechifm, which the learned Mr. William Seaman tranflated into 
Turkijh, was printed -, and, as appears by a Letter of Mr. Seaman's to Dr. Pocock, the fame 
honourable Peffon gave 60 Pounds towards Printing the New Tefl:ament turned by him into 
the fame Language : And at this Time, the Zeal he had for the Propagation of Chriftianity, 
engaged him to all the Expence, which was necelTary, that Grotiui*s admirable Defence of it 
might be read in a Tongue generally fludied in all thofe Countries, vi^hich have embraced the 
Supcrfliition of Mahomet. 

I T is heartily to be wiflieJ, that the Succefs of a Work fo truly Chriflian, had been an- 
fwerable to the Zeal, with which it was both undertaken and promoted : But of that, in- 
deed, after all poflible Enquiry, we are able to give but a flender Account. Mr. Boyle writes 
to Dr. Pocock, Jan. 24, 1 66^, that ' He had diftourfed with a very underfl:anding and re- 

* ligious Gentleman, a chief Member of the Council for Trade and the Plantations, and one 
' that had a great Interefl: in the Merchants, who promifed his Affiflance in getting this 

* Tranflation properly difperfed.' I find likewife, by the fame Letter, that Mr. Baxter fl:re* 
nuoufly imploycd his Interefl with the Turky Company to the fame Purpofe -, that it was 
propofed at a Meeting of the Merchants trading to thofe Parts, who well liked it, and rea- 
dily offered to difperfe, as difcreetly as they could, as many Books as fhould be put into 
their Hands. By another Letter of the fame honourable Perfon to Dr. Pocock, we likewife 
learn, that a Quarter of a Hundred of thefe Books had been already delivered to fome Mer- 
chants, and that a much greater Number would be committed to their Care, as foon as it 
fhould be determined at Oxford, what Sort of Binding would be mofl: proper for the Eaji. 
But for what particular Places thefe were intended, or in what Manner they were to be dif- 
pofed of, I cannot find : That very few were diflributed at Conftantinople, the very learned 
Tir. Thomas Smith, who went to refide there in the Year 1668, had Reafon to believe. He 
affirmed, ' That he did not know of fo much as one fingle Copy in that Place, except that, 
' which he carried out of England himfelf, and which he prefented there to a Turkijh Imam, 

* or Prieft of his Acquaintance, who was well-fkill'd in the Language of his Prophet.' And, 
indeed, the fame learned Perfon gives but little Hopes of Succefs from that, or any the like 
Books, among fuch Turks, as he converfed with in that City : ' For, generally fpeaking, he 

* fays, their unreafonable Prejudices, their grofs Stupidity in Matters of Speculation, and their 
Vol. I. Q__ * equally 

_' Spec. Hift. Arab. p. 186. 



58 The L I F E of 

* equally prodigious and intolerable Obftinacy and Pride, had hardened them againft all Con- 

* viftion, and rendered them impenetrable to any Argument.* 

I CANNOT, on this Occafion, avoid delivering it as my Opinion, that the Sight of thefc 
Arabick Tranflations of Grotius without his own, the Tranllator's, or any other European 
Name prefixed to them, was what, in great Meafure, deceived Mr. IVatfon, the Scotch Gentle- 
man mentioned in Wheeler'% Travels, p. 200, who fcrioufly affirmed, ' That Hugo Grotius had 

* ftolen all his principal Arguments for the Truth of the Chriftian Religion out of Arabian Au- 
*■ thors.* Whoever confiders, wliat little Acquaintance Grotius had with fuch Arabick Books, 
as have not yet been traiiflated into other Languages, and how diligent Dr. Pocock was in 
enquiring out, what the Eaft afforded before he engaged in that Verlion, can hardly think 
of any likelier Ground for fuch a Declaration, than what has been above afllgned. 

At Aleppo, and the Parts about it, I find a confiderable Number of thefe Books were difpo- 
fed of: And yet, certain it is, that either Grotius's Latin Traift, De Vert late Religionis Chrifti- 
an<e, or that other Work of his of like Nature, which he formerly publilhed in Dutch, (men- 
tioned in his Introdu(5tion to Hieron. Bignonius above-mentioned) it is certain, I fay, that one 
of thefe two Trails, many Years before the Printing of this Arabick Tranflation, had got 
into the Eaft : For the Dervife Ahmed, writing to our Author, foon after his Return home 
from Aleppo, promifes, among fome Oriental Manufcripts which he had bought for him, to 
fend him a Book concerning the embracing the Chriftian Religion, the Work of Groot, the 
Brother of Gole. Mr. Smith, whether by Conjecture from the Dervife's Mention of Gole, or 
from better Authority, I cannot fay, fets it down as Fad, that Golius had fent thither fome 
Copies of Grotius, which is not improbable : But it feems to me, from the Dervife's Mention 
of that learned Man's Dutch Name, Groot, moft likely that he had lighted on the Dutch^ 
and not the Latin Treatife, concerning the Truth of the Chriftian Religion. Many Copies 
of this Arabick Verfion were likewife afterwards fent to Dr. Huntington, whilft Chaplain to 
the Englijh Faftory at Aleppo, and yet thefe were not fufficient : For having difpofed of them, 
he defired another Parcel, in a Letter written by him to Dr. Pocock, which were accordingly 
fent to him : It appears from one of his Epiftles, publifticd together with his Life (Hunting- 
toni Epiliola, N° 2.) that he prefented one of thefe Copies to Stephanus Petrus, Maronite 
Patriarch at Antioch, to whom alfo he gave Aflurance, that if he approved it, and thought 
a good Number of them of Ufe, they fhould be fpeedily fent to him ; and, doubtlefs he did 
not negleft to make the like Overture to Mofe, another Bilhop of the Eajl, with whom he 
correfponded. But it is too manifeft, that he met with no fmail Difficulty in this Matter^ 
from fome Romanifts in thofe Parts, who envied the Honour of a Defign fo truly Chriftian, 
to thofe of a different Communion from themfelves : For tho' the Dodors of the Sorbone^ 
who read this Treatife of Grotius, before he publifhed it, difapproved nothing in it, but 
that one Paflage, [Lib. ii. Se£l. 7. concerning Things which imply a Contradidtion] which 
bears, as they thought, too hard upon Tranfubftantiation ; and tho' fome Papifts had fuch 
an Opinion of it, that they undertook a Tranflation of it into Per/tan, for making Converts 
in thofe Countries, where that Language is fpoken i yet. Dr. Huntington now found, ' That 

* the moft innocent and ufeful Attempt will be difliked by fome Perfons, when made by 

* fuch Inftruments, as they do not approve of.' Notwithftanding all the Kindnefs, which 
(as appears from his printed Epiftles) pafled between him, and the Fathers refiding in thofe 
Countries, and the Offices of Friendfhip they mutually performed, he complained to Dr. 
Pocock, ' That as he difperfed this Treatife, he had much greater Apprehenfions from their 

* Malice, than from the unprompted Accufations of the Turks themfelves.' He told him 
further, that upon this Account he was obliged, for his own Safety, to cut the laft Book, 
wherein Mahometifm is confiited, out of fome Copies, before he diftributed them. And, if 
ever the Society for Propagatbg Chriftian Knowledge in Foreign Parts ftiall think of another 
Edition of this Wo'.jc in Arabick, it may, perhaps, be found expedient to have fome Copies 
of it printed without the laft Book, to be difpofed of in fuch Places, as will not endure a 
direft Oppofition to the Tenets of Mahomet : For tho' it is much to be wiftied, that his Fol- 
lowers might have that Part of this Treatife efpecially put into their Hands, which was (o 
particularly intended for them ; yet, where that cannot be attempted, with any Profped of 
Safety, the other Parts of it alone may prove, by God's Bleffing, of confiderable Advantage 
to them. And, indeed, if they fhall but once perceive the Certainty of the Truths, which 
are in the other Parts fo fully made out, they will, probably, begin to make fome ferious Re- 
fledions on their own Superftition, and, at length, difcern the Follies and Abfurdities of io 
grofs an Impofture. 

The next Thing that Dr. Pocock publilhed, was, an Arabick Poem, intitled, Lamiato'l- 
Ajam, or Carmen Abu'Ifmaelis Tograi, with his Latin Tranflation of it, and large Notes upon 
it ; a Poem which is held to be of the greateft Elegancy, anfwerable to the Fame of its 
Author, who, as the Dodor gives his Charader, was eminent for Learning and Virtue, and 
fefteemed the Phoenix of the Age, in which he lived, for Poetry and Eloquence : Dr. Pocock'i 
Defign in this Work was, not orJy to give a Specimen of Arabian Poetry, but alfo to make 
the Attainment of the Arabick Tongue more eafy to thofe, that ftudy it -, for .his Notes, 
containing a Grammatical Explanation of all the Words of this Author, are very ferviceable 

I for 



Dr. EDWARD P OC OCR. ^g 

for promoting the Knowledge of that Language. Thefe Notes being the Sum of many 
Ledures, which he read on this Poem, the Speech that he delivered, when he began to 
explain it, is prefixed to it, which, perhaps, contains, tho' a fuccinft, yet as accurate an Ac- 
count of the Arabick Tongue, as is any where extant. After the general Hiftory of it, he 
there fpeaks of the Things that recommend it, and particularly of thefe four ; Perfpicuity, 
Elegance, Copioufnefs and Ufefulnefs j an Inftance of the firft of thefe, he gives in that 
prompt Way the Arabians have of exprefling many Things clearly in a very few Words, 
which is hardly to be imitated in any other Language ; and the fecond, he fays, appears both 
from the Care employed in it, either by the adding, taking away, or Change of letters, to , 
fuit Words to the Nature of the Things they fignify, and alfo from the Sweetnefs or Softnefs 
of the whole Language, in which there never is a Collifion of two or more Confonants, but 
the Sound of a Vowel always intervenes. As to the Copioufnefs of this Tongue, he Ihews, that 
there is no Comparifon between it, and any other : The ftrange Variety it has of fynonymous 
Words, being fuch, as one would ftand amazed at : There are in it 200 Names for a Ser- 
pent, which he there gives us, 500 for a Lion, and, to omit fome other Inftances, fo many 
for Calamity, that, as he obferves out of an Arabick Writer, who endeavoured to make a 
Catalogue of them, it is no fmall Calamity to recite them. The whple Number of Words, 
that make up this Language, is reckoned, as he aflures us, by Hamezab Afpahanenfis^ from an 
eminent Lexicographer, at twelve Millions, three hundred and fifty Thoufand, fifty and two : 
But that which chiefly recommends any Language, is the Ufefulnefs of itj which, for the 
moft Part, confifts in the valuable Things, that are written in it ; and in this Refpedt he 
fhews it to be very confiderable, and but little fhort of the moft celebrated Languages, The 
ancient Arabians, long before the Days of Mahomet, were not altogether ignorant of fome 
Parts of Learning ; feveral of them had Skill in Afironomy, feveral in Phyfick, and not a few 
in Poetry ; which laft was in fuch Requeft among them, that when any one began to be 
eminent for it in any Tribe, it was Matter of publick Congratulation, and all the Kindred 
and Friends of it met together to rejoice, in the moft folemn Manner, as for the greateft 
Happinefs in the World. Indeed, whatfoever Knowledge they then had, it could not be 
very ufefuj, for Want of Letters, which was an Invention fo late amongft them, that when 
the Alcoran began to be publilTied, fome Time after Mahomet''^ Death, there was not found 
in all Arabia Felix a Perfon fufficiently qualified to read or write it : However, fomewhat 
more than a hundred Years after, when the Empire of the Saracens came to the Abbajida, 
all the Grecian Learning found a ready Entertainment with them, and began to be cultivated ; 
and within the Compafs of a few Ages, infinite Books were written by them in Philofophy, 
Aftronomy, Geometry, Medicine, and all Kinds of Sciences : And that we may not make 
a Judgment of thefe Books, from the barbarous Tranflations of fome of them, which were 
made, when Ignorance fo much prevailed in Europe, the Dodor tells us, that whofoever fhall 
read the Writings of Alfarabius, Avicenna, Avenpace, and many others, Xvill foon find Rea- 
fon for a very different Opinion of them, from that which is now commonly received amongft 
us. In fhort, he aflerts with much Aflurance, that, with refped to human Learning, the 
Arabians do not more want the Knowledge of other Languages, than other Nations do that 
of theirs, and that there are as many Things, which they can teach others, as there are, 
which they can learh from them •, particularly for the Study of Divinity, he proves, that it 
may receive great Aids from this Language ; for by the Help of this. Divines will be able 
to know the true Opinions of Mabometifm, that they may confute them. The Arabick alfo 
will very much contribute to their Skill in Hebrew, and confequently, to the Knowledge of 
the facred Text of the Old Teftament ; as appears from the Books of Aben Ezra, Maimonides, 
Kimchi, and others of the wifer Rabbins, who^ upon every Difficulty, refer their Readers to 
the Arabick Language : By this too, they will be able to perufe the greateft Part of thofe 
Things, which are worth reading, amongft the Jews^ fuch as the Writings of Maimonides, 
Cozari, Chobath Lebaboth, Emunoth, Saadias, and feveral more, which are for the moft 
Part in Arabick •, and alfo to corifult the feveral Verfions of the Holy Scriptures made into 
this Language, both by Jews and Chriftians, together with many Chriftian Books of good 
Account, that are written in it. Finally, by Means of this Language, the Piety of thofe 
who are zealous for the Promotion of Divine Knowledge, may make fome Provifion againft 
the Ignorance of the Eaftern Chriftians, who are fo miferably opprefled under Turkifh Bon- 
dage. 

I HAVE been more particular in this Detail of the Ufes of Arabifm, from the greateft Maf- 
ter of it, that our European World could ever boaft of, in Hopes, that fuch a Difcourfc 
may incite the Young and Studious among our Candidates for holy Orders, to apply them- 
felves thereto, and to revive a Branch of Learning, that feems to have been gradually decay- 
ing for many Years among us. 

Th IS Book, Carmen Uograi, was printed zt Oxford, m the Year 1661, by the particular 
Care and Direftion of the very learned Mr. Samuel Clarke, Architypographus of that Uni- 
verfity, who not only made a Preface to it, but alfo added a fuitable Treatife of his own, 
concerning the Arabick Profodia : The Treatife he dedicated to Dr. Pocock in an Epiftle for 
that Purpofe •, which he did, as he told him, not only becaufe he thought him the propereft 

Judge 



6o The L I F E of . 

Judge of the Work, but alfo becaufe it was he alone, that firft encouraged him to the Un- 
dertaking, that fupplied him abundantly out of his vaft Store with Materials to carry it on, 
and that conftantly fet him right, when involved in fuch Difficulties, as he knew not how to 
pafs through. 

It is intimated by Mr. Clarke, in the Preface before mentioned, that Gregorius Abul Pha- 
r.yiui's Hiftory of the Dynafties, tranflated by Dr. Pocock, was, at that Time in, or ready 
for the Oxford Prefs, the Edition of which was finifhed in the Year 1663 : That Part of this 
Book, which gives an Account of the Rife of Mahomet, the Doftor had publifhed, as it 
has been Ihewn, feveral Years before; and, upon the Importunity of fsveral learned Men, 
who were much pleafed with that Specimen (more particularly of his great Friend, Dr. Lang- 
haine, who had earneftly prefled him to it before his Death) the Whole was now printed in 
the original Arabick, with his Latin Verfion of it. 

This Abul Pharajius was a Chriftian of the Jacobite Seft, of great Fame for Learning, 
not only among thofe of his own Religion, but among the Jews too, and Mahometans j 
and this Work of his is a Compendium of the general Hiftory of the World, from the Crea- 
tion to his own Time : It is divided by him into ten Dynafties or Governments -, for fo 
many he reckons up, which are thefe following : The firft is that of the holy Patriarchs, 
from Adam the firft Man ; the fecond, of the Judges in Ifrael ; the third, of the Kings 
thereof; the fourth, of the Chaldeans; the fifth, of the Magi or Per/tans ; the fixth, of the 
Greeks, that were Idolaters ; the feventh, that of the Franks, for fo he calls the Romans , 
the eighth, of the Greeks, who were Chriftians ; the ninth, of the Saracens ; and tenth, of 
the Mogul Tartars. 

This Work, as is noted above, was publifhed, An. 1663, and dedicated to his Majefty 
King Charles the Second ; but the Love of Arabick Learning was now waxed cold, and the 
entire Piece of Abul-Pharai, in the Year 1663, met with fmall Encouragement, whilft a 
Specimen of it. An. 1649, ^'^^ given Pleafure to all the learned World. But fuch is the 
Weaknefs and Inftability of the human Mind, even when improved by Education and Let- 
ters, that Cuftom and Fafhion ftiall, in a few Years, be able to fway it from one Extream to 
another : And, perhaps, this Inconftancy may, in fome Meafure, alfo be imputed to the In- 
diferetion of learned Men themfelves, who are too apt immoderately to cry up their own fa- 
vourite Courfe of Studies ; and when this once comes to be obferved, the World is with Dif- 
ficulty prevailed upon to allow the Idol, even its juft Commendation. 

O f this Change in the publick Tafte, no one was more fenfible than Dr. Pocock himfelf, 
as appears by a Letter of his to Dr. Thomas Greaves, which attended a Copy of his Abul 
Pharagii Hiji. Dynajtiarum, and which, at that learned Perfon's Requeft, he forced, as he 
tells him, from his Printer's, before the Lidex was wrought off. ' If you find, adds Dr. 

* Pocock, any Thing in it worth the Publifhing, you muft be fain to fpeak for it ; for I per- 
' ceive it will be much flighted : The Genius of the Times, as for thefe Studies, is much 

* altered fince you and I firft fet about them ; and few will be perfuaded, they are worthy 

* taking Notice of. My Lord of London afked me, if there were any remarkable Paflages 

* in the Book .'' I anfwered him only in general, that I thought there were many ; if you 

* fliould fall into any Difcourfe with him about it, I pray, note fome Particulars, as, I think, 
' you may that of the firft Rife of Mahomet's Religion, p. 100, ^c. and that of the Rife 
' and Spreading of the Tartars Empire, and their Incurfions, which is in the Latin, p. 280, 

* fcff. or any other Paflages, that you fliall think worthy. And if you fpeak with any of 
' your Acquaintance concerning the Book, your good Word may help bear up its Credit.' 
Dr. Greaves, in his Anfwer to this Letter, dated from Fulham, writes thus upon the unfaflii- 
onablenefs of Arabick Studies -, ' How thefe Studies are efteemed in the Univerfities, I know 

* not i in thefe Parts, for ought I obferve, they are not much followed or regarded, and 
' receive fmall Incouragement from thofe, who, I thought, would have been Fautors and Pro- 

* moters of them.' Nor was Arabick Learning then out of Vogue in England only ; but 
beginning to decline in Holland nKo. In the Year 1669, Mr. afterwards Dr. Bernard, com- 
plains in a Letter to Dr. Pocock from Leyden, that Harder of that Place, who, fays he, fpeaks 
Arabick readily, had tranflated the Hiftory of Saladine, but could not find a Bciokfeller, that 
would venture to undertake the Work, becaufe Oriental Learning decays here, und Books of 
that Nature will turn to no Advantage ; neither, adds he, can Mr. Thevenot find a Bookfeller, 
either here, or at Amflerdam, to undertake his Abulfeda. , 

The Declenfion of thefe Studies in the Efteem of the Publick may in fome Meafure 
account for our Author's rifing no higher in Church -Preferments at the Reftoration, when 
fuch Numbers of vacant Dignities were filled. Barely to be reftored to what he had fo many- 
Years been deprived of for his Religion and Loyalty, and to have no other Reward for his 
Loflies, Oppreliions and Profecutions, befides his uncommon Learning, and unfpotted Sandlity 
of Manners, but what was due to him in Equity, was a Hardfliip, wlaich refleds more Diflio- 
nour upon thofe Times, than any one Cafe of the like Nature, that has come to my Know- 
ledge : For, in Juftice to the Men that were then intrufted with the Difpofal of Church- 
Preferments, it muft be owned, that there were very few eminent Ecclefiafticks, who, upon 
that blcfled Change of Things, were not called up to Advsmcement j fome were not fo early 

I preferred 



Dr. EDWARD POC O CK. 6i 

■ ■ ■ . ■ ■ .■■>..■•■ 

preferred as others; but, perhaps, our Author isalmoft the only Inftance of a Clergyman, 
then at the higheft Pitch of Eminence for Learning, and every other Merit proper to his 
Profeflion, who lived throughout the Reign of Charles the Second, without the leaft Regard 
from the Court, except the Favour fometimes done him of being called upon to tranflate 
Jrabick Letters from the Princes of the Levant., or the Credential Letters of Embafladors 
coming from thofe Parts ; for which, yet I do not find, he had any Recompence, befides good 
Words and Compliments : But he was as modeft, as he was deferving, and probably, after 
prefenting his Abul-Pharagius to the King, he never put himfelf in the Way of Royal Re- 
gards any more. i 
Before I take my Leave of Dr. Pocock's Hiftory of the Dynafties, I fhall obferve fome- 
thing, which, tho' it more properly belongs to his Specimen of this larger Work, may not 
incommodioufly find a Place here : The Reader, then, is to obferve, that the celebrated 
Monfieur Bayle, p. 37, ' of his Critical and Hiftorical Dif^ionary, has obferved a wide DifFe- 
rence between Dr. Pocock and Mr. John Greaves, about the Time in which Jbulfeda was ad- 
vanced to the Government of Hamah, in Syria : The former of thefe, in his Specimen Hijlo- 
ria Arabum, p. 363, makes this to have happened Anno Hcgir^ 710 ; whereas Mr. Jo/^^w 
Greaves, in his Preface to Bin^ Abulfeda Tabula, p. 7, 8, places Abulfeda's Advancement 33 
Years later, viz. Anno Hegine 743. This Difference Monfieur Bayle complains of, as irrecon- 
cileable, and thinks it moft reafonable to fuppofe Mr. Greaves\ Account the true one, becaufe 
Abulfeda is his principal Subjeft, whereas Dr. Pocock fpeaks of him only, comme d'un fort 
petit Accejfoire ; upon which he proceeds thus : ' But is it not very vexatious, that one of 
' Pocock's Confequence fhould not be fafely to be followed in a Point of Oriental Learning, 
' and that, whilft he publilhed a Thing, a Collegue of his fhouid be making it appear to 

* be falfe ? ' Not content with this, he repeats the fame Ceiifure in his Index, under the 
Word Pocock, II eft etonnant, qu' il ne fait un guide fur en fait d' Erudition Orientale. But, 
againft this confident Charge, Dr. Pocock has been thoroughly defended , by the learned Mr. 
Gagnier of Oxford, in his Preface to the Life of Mohammed, p. 5. For there he affirms, that 
what our Author, whom he calls Virum integerrimum tf jhlide do5ium, has faid, concerning 
the Time of Abulfeda's Advancement, is perfeftly right, as being exadly agreeable to the 
Account, which Abulfeda himfelf gives of that Event ; and that Mr. Greaves had committed 
a monftrous Mifl;ake in his Chronology, having confounded this Abulfeda with another of that 
Name, who was the fixteenth of the Mamaluck Kings of Egypt. 

The Ground of the Miftake, as the learned Mr, Sale informs us ', was this : ' Mr. 

* Greaves, in an Arabick Manufcript, entitled, Al Sacerdan (or rather Al Sukkerddn, which 

* is a Per/tan Word, and fignifies a Sugar-difh) found the following Paflage, as it ftands in 

* his Latin Tranflation : Rex juftus, Columna Religionis, al Saltan, Abulfeda Ifmael, Filius Al. 
' Melee al Nafer, fedit fuper Thronum Regni [in Hamah] poft amotionem Fratris ipfius Al Make, 

* al Nafer Ahmed, Ferid quintd xxii Die [Men/ts] al Moharram, Anno dccxhii [Hegir£\ 

* tff regnavit donee obiit vi Die \Menfis'\ Rabi<e pofterioris. Anno \Hegirte\ dccxlvi. That 
' is, Al Make al Sdleh Omadd'ddin Abulfeda Ifmael, Son of Al Make al Nafer afcended the 
' Throne [of Hamah"] after the Depojition of his Brother Al Make al Nafer Ahmed on Thurf- 

* day the izd of al Moharram, in the Tear y^.^, and reigned till he died, the 6th of the latter 

* Rabia in the Tear 746. This Paflage Greaves, from a Similitude of Names, (a moil de- 

* ceitful Guide) immediately, and without further Examination, concluded, muft belong to 

* our Abu'lfeda, and no other, and therefore made no Scruple to infert the Words [in Hamah'] 

* which were not in his Author, as a Thing of courfe : But had he looked into what pre- 

* cedes, and what follows, he would have found, that the Author Is there giving the Suc- 

* ceflion of the Mamluc Soltans of Egypt.' 

I WOULD not detraft from the Praifes due to Monfieur Bayle's Induflry and Parts ; but, 
I believe, after what has been faid, the World will give me Leave, in this particular Inftance, 
to tax him with a Defeft, both of Judgment and Candour. When, indeed, two Writers, 
equally (killed in the Matter they treat of, differ in their Accounts, Mr. Bayk's Rule feems 
reafonable, and we ought rather to afTent to him, who writes profefledly on the Subje<5t, than 
to him, that fpeaks of it only by the By ; tho', even in this Cafe, a modefl: Critick would 
hardly think his Point fo fecure, as to brand the Author he diflents from, in the Manner 
Mr. Bayle has done by Dr. Pocock. But then, he ought to have very good Grounds for 
thinking the Writers equally converfant in the Matter they treat of; otherwife his Determina- 
tion, tho' it fhould happen to be right, is rafh and uncharitable : Whereas, had Mr. Bayle 
known any Thing of Dr. Pocock and Mr. Greaves, he mufl have known, that the former was 
incomparably fuperior to the other, in the Knowledge of Eaftern Writers }v he had greater 
Opportunities of acquiring this Kind of Knowledge, having fpent more than twice the Time 
in the Levant, with the fole View of improving himfelf in Oriental Learning, than Mr. 
Greaves did for that, and Various other Purpofes. Mr. Bayle's Rule, therefore, had no 
Room in the prefent Cafe ; -and Dr. Pocock, tho' fpeaking of Abulfeda's Advancement to be. 
Prince of Hamah, by the By only, was more likely to affign the true Time of that Event, 

Vol. I. R than, 

» Ed. 4. Retcrdara. 1702. » Notes on Bayle's Diftionary printed at London, An. 1734, Vol. I. p. 115. 



62 The L I F E of 

than Mr, Greaves^ tho' it was his principal SuWed. It was, indeed, a very great and grieVou* 
Miftake in him to conclude, at firft Sight, from the bare Mention oF a Prince, in an Ara- 
bkk Writer, one of whofe Names was Ahulfeda^ that he muft mean the Prince of Hamahy 
in Syria^ without looking at all into that Writer's Subjed and Defign, but taking that for 
granted, which a little Enouiry would have convinced him, was an utter Miftake. 

That Mr. Greaves^ who, otherwife, was a cautious and accurate Scholar, fhould be pron9 
to an Error, that might eafily have been avoided, is the more furprizing, when we refleA, 
that but the Year before. Dr. Pocock, in his Notes on his Specimen Hifimis Ardhtm^ had fet 
down the true Date of Ahulfeda\ Advancement ; that Mr. Greaves had this Piece of his 
Friend's, and highly admired it, as, indeed, he did every Thing, that came from him : But 
he had, probably, forgot that Particular, and, being then at a Diftance from his Oracle, 
Could not confult him on every Emergency. And yet it appears, from the Letters, that 
paflfed between thofe two dear Friends, about this Time, that Mr. Greaves had confulted Dr. 
Pococky and received Solution from him of feveral Doubts concerning Ahulfeda ; but then, 
thcfe concerned only the Readings of the various Copies, he was to print from : We further 
find, that he propofes to him intended Verfions o\ Arabick Paflages, that occur in that very 
Preface, wherein the grand Miftake ftands ; and which is more, the very Paflage from Al 
Sacerdart, which mifled Mr. Greaves, and his defigned Tranflation of it, is extant in A Letter 
of his to Dr. Pocock, tho' without naming that Writer, or the Ufe he intended to make of 
the Paflage from him. 

■ * This foWovf mg Arahicky fays he, I think, may be thus rendered into Latin',' then, 
^fter giving the Arabick, comes his Latin Rendering, viz. ' Finitum eft opus Feria 5, zzndo 
' Die Almaharrdfn.' 

* After znother Ai'abick Sentence, nothing to the prefent Purpofe, and its Verfion, ws 
fiave the other t*art of Al Sacerdan\ Sentence, which he propofes to tranflate thus •, ' Sedit 

* fifper Thronum RegHi poft amotionem Fratris ipjius : ' How eafy had it been to add one 
more Quaere, viz. whether the Abulfeda of Al Sacerdan was the fame with the Prince of Ha^ 
htah, whofe Tables he Was then publiftiing. But of this he feems not to have entertained 
the leaft Sufpicion, tho' his only Authority for the affirmative Side of the Queftion, was that 
fletlder one of Agreement in Name : So weak and unguarded againft Deception are the wifeft 
dnd beft of Men, at certain Hours ! For my Part, I think, we fhould do well to look up to 
God's permiffive Providencfe Oil all fuch Occafions, and to confider the Slips of laamed Men, 
as Documents to them, and to the reft of Mankind, how imperfed human Prudence and 
Sagacity is, even when rhoft improved by Study and Exercife, that they may not think of 
themfelves higher than they ought to think, and learn thence, what conflant Need they have 
to beg his Blefling and Direftion in their Studies, who is the Father of Lights, But was I to 
account, humanly fpeaking, for this grievous Negligence in Mr. Greaves, or to offer any Ex- 
cufe for him, it fhould be the Hurry and Diftraition of his Affair, for thofe many Years, in 
■*rhich he was preparing the Edition of Abulfeda : The Truth of this Fad we have under 
his Own Hand ; for writing to Dr. Pocock, about a Year after that Piece came abroad, he ufes 
the following Expreflloris : ' I may fay for myfelf, that thefe five Years I have been fo in- 

* cumbered with LaW-fuits, and diverted from my Studies, that, having this Year found 

* fome Eafe (I know not how) I am unwilling to take thofe Pains, I have formerly under- 

* gone.' Having, therefore, when he wrote his Preface to Abulfeda, neither Time, nor In- 
clination for exaft Refearches, he too eafily trufted to Appearances, and, as commonly hap- 
pens irt fuch Cafes, was grofsly deceived by fo doing. 

But to return to Our Author : After fo many and great Proofs of his Abilities in the 
Writings and Languages of the Eaft, he began to be efteemed all over Europe, a Kind of Oracle 
in that Branch of Learning : Such as entered on thofe Studies, earneftly applied for DireAions 
from him, and the Profeflbrs themfelves fought his Advice, with a Deference and Submiffion, 
that is hardly to be conceived, but by thofe, who have feen and read their Letters to him. 
Foreigrters, who came into England, with a Defign of improving their Stock of Oriental 
Learning, never failed to provide themfelves with Letters of Recommendation to him ; and 
fuch, as Curiofity alone brought amongft us, were glad, by the fame Means, of an Occafion 
to fee, and converfe with a Perfon, who was the Prodigy of his Times, for Eaftern Learn- 
ing. Thofe who had a Tafte for that Part of Literature, never returned without the deepeft 
Senfe of his mighty Abilities therein ; and even they, who could form no Judgment of Dr. 
Pocock's peculiar Excellencies, as a Scholar, muft, doubtlefs, have carried home with them, 
the tnoft advantageous Sentiments of his Modefty and Humanity : In him, they faw a Man, 
who could preferve his native Humility, amidft the daily Carefles and Compliments, that were 
beftowed upon him by the whole learned World; one who had contradled no Morofenefs 
from Study and Retirement ; but who, as well as he loved Books, could leave them to dif- 
charge the Offices of Humanity, and anfwer the Call of his P'riends and Correfpondents : 
Not that the Period of his- Life, we are now fpeaking of, was the Beginning of Applications 
to him in this Way. 

Tut firft of this Kind ^as, a Letter from James Alting, afterwards ProfefTor of Divinity 

at Groningen, then a young Man, and in England, written in the Year 1641. In this Letter 

I . he 



Dr. E D W A R D P O C O C K. 63 

he defires to have Mr. Peeock's Opinion about the Meaning of the Wotd D'IK. -5^. xxiv.. 
1 5, rendered Ignes, in the Englijh, and Convalles in the Dutch Tranflation. N. B. Valleys is 
alfo our Englrjh marginal Verfion. 

JANUART the X5th of the next Year, Mr. Pocock had a Letter from another learned 
OrientaJift, viz. Jo. Hen. Hat tinker, then a Profeflbr at Groningen, and after that at Zurich^ 
and laftly at Heidelberg : The Sub^edt of it was, an Account of the Progrefs he (Hot linger) 
had made in tranflating the Chronicon Samaritanum into Latin ; a Piece which Hottinger had 
brought with him from Holland into England., and, at the Defire of Primate UJhery had un- 
dertaken to tranflate. He further certifies Mr. Pocotk of a Dfefign he had in Hand, of turn- 
ing the Hehetick Confeflion into Arabicky requcfting his Direftion and Affiftance in the Work. 
Laftly, he begs our Author's Advice, where he might coHedl Arabick Books and MSS. for 
his Scbola, where he was ftrenuous in cultivating Arabick Learning. 

On the fir ft of March, 164I, Sir Siimn UEwes, the Colledor of Parliamentary Anti- 
quities, wrote him a Letter of Thanks, for having, at his Requeft, tranflated into Latin cer- ' 
tain Arabick Tranfcripts. 

In the Year 1651, Feb. 26, Dr. Arncld Boate, then Tit Paris, employed in collating Pri- 
mate UJher''s Syriack Pentateuch, with Copies of the fame Verfion at that Place, confults Mr. 
Pocock concerning the Extent of Mount Libanus in Breadth and Length, putting other Geo^ 
graphical Quseries to him. 

The fame Year, Sept. 30, Mr. John Jacob Stocker, Refident from the Proteftant Cantons 
of Swijerland to the Parliament of England, defires Mr. Pocock to proctu^ a Catalogue of the 
Arabick MSS. in the publick Library at Oxford, for the Ufe of Mr. Hottinger, then Profeflbr 
of the EaJftern Languages at Zurich, who was coUefting a Library in that Way, and eretfting 
a Prefs for thofe Languages. And, to the feme Effeft, Hottinger himfelf wrote on the i ith 
of the Month following. 

In Oilober, 1654, our Author was favoured with a Letter from the femous Golius, Ara- 
bick Profeflbr at Ley den, the only Man, perhaps, in Europe, that was nearly equal to Mr. 
Pocock in the Knowledge of that Tongue : He thanks him for his Prefent, [viz. Specimen 
Hijl. Arabuni] and for his Commendation of the Arabick Lexicon, which he [Goliusi had 
lately publilhed, acquaints him, that he intended to pubKih a fecond Edition with Improve- 
ments ; that he had alfo a Perjick Lexicon, already finifhcd ; but, finding the Printer afraid 
of the Expence, he defigned firft to fend an Abridgment of it mto the World. He alfo 
thanks Mr. Poeoek for having recommended to him Mr. Nicholas Stanley, whom he greatly 
commends for his Parts and Learning. In the Conckifion, he begs Mr. Pecock's Juc^ment 
on two Queftionsv the firft, about the religious Principles of Averroes; the fecond, about 
the Chat^i, who they were, and what their Religion, Language, and Cufl»ms. 

On the Calends of Augufi, 1655, Alting writes again to Mr. Potock, recommending to 
him the Bearer of his Letter, an Inhabitant of Bern, in Swijferland. 

The fame Year, in November, Mr. Therndike returns our Author Thanks in my Lord 
Primate of ArmagVs Name, for his Refolution of paft Quacries, relating to Opinions of the 
Rabbits on a certain Point, and propiofes frelh ones. 

I N February, 1 654, Matthias Pafer, formerly InftnlAor to Mr. Pocock, in Arabick, writes 
his Thanks to Mr. Pocock, for the Prefent of his Porta Mofts, and oflFers a Conjefture of 
his own for reconciling the Septuagint, as cited by the Apoftle, with the Hebrew of Hoi. 
ii. 4. 

On the 26th of the fame Month, Mr. John Tombes^ then engaged in Controverfy with 
Dr. Hammond, upon the Subjecft of Infant -Baptifm, writes about a Diftindtion fatheredj as 
it fhould feem, by Mr. Selden, upon the Rabbins, and denied by Dr. Hammond, defiring his 
Refolution of the Queftion between them. 

The Month following, Mr. Alting recommends, by Letter to our Author, a Perfon 
whom he calls Reverend. Joannem Zolikoferum, Sangallenfem, Helvetium. 

In Auguji, 1657, Claudius Legendre, of Paris, who writes himfelf Confeilleur du Rciy, 
Controller General des Rejles en fa Chambre des Accompts, fent a Letter to Mr. P acock, in which 
he recommends to him a poor blind Arabian, then at Paris, and very fkilful in the A- 
rabick Language and Cuftoms, and alfo in the Turkifh, as one that might be ufeful to 
him. 

I N December or January following, Ludovicus Forgius, Doftor of Phyfick at SauHiur, writes 
to Mr. Pocock, defiring his PermiflTion to be his Difciple, and that he would explain fuch dif- 
ficult Paflages, as he (Forgius) fliould hereafter meet with in reading /fra^^V^ Books j which 
Mr. Pocock anfwered, with a Promife of his beft Services. 

D R . Ralph Cudworth, of Cambridge, the celebrated Author of the Intelleftual Syftem, 
addrefled himfelf by Letter to our Author, March 14, 165.^., defiring an Extradt out of 
Emir Chond, concerning the Perfian Kings from Cyrus, to Alexander, their Number, Names, 
Years of Reign, and chiefeft Adions j efpecially, if any Thing be found there, that is agree- 
able to what » recorded in Scripture or Greek Hiftories. 

u 



64 The L I F E of "^ 

I N the fame Month of the following Year, Jacobus AUing, by Letter, recommends to 
Mr. Pocock's good Offices, two Hungarian Youths, who were travelling for Improvement of 
their Studies, he fays, they are />//', eruditi, honejii. 

Again, in the feme Month of the next Year, Alting fends to our Author two Copies of 
his Book de Scbilo, which he had dedicated to him, and to his Landlord, Dr. Reynolds, and 
withal, recommends to him the Bearer D. Pauli, whom he calls a moft excellent Youth, and 
the Son of an Orthodox Divine at Dantzick. 

MAT 17, 1660, yir. William Seaman, who, at the Requeft, and by the Encouragement 
of the Honourable Gentleman fo oft mentioned for his noble Zeal to promote and propagate 
the Chriftian Religion, Robert Boyle, Efq; confults Mr. Pocock, as he had before done in this. 
Work, about the Propriety of fome "Turkifh Words : By which it appears, that our Profeffor 
was looked on, as an Oracle in that, as well as the Arabick Tongue. 

THEODORE HAACK, a Dutch Gentleman, who had for fome Years refided in London, 
on the Account of a religious and learned Defign, wrote to Mr. Pocock, June 1 8, 1 660, re- 
commending to him two Gentlemen, the younger a Baron of Seltz, of near Relation to his 
Highnefs, the Prince, Eledlor Palatine, the other Mr. Fabritius, who was like to fucceed Dr. 
Hottinger at Zurich: At the fame Time he acquaints him, that Tbeodorus Petrous was 
printing, in Holland, his Pfalterium Copticum. About the fame Time alfo this Gentleman 
recommended two Germans, one of Hejfia, a Civilian, the other of Thuringia, Student in 
Phyfick. 

MARCH 16, 1667, Hottinger writes to Dr. Pocock from Heidelberg, to acquaint him, 
that he had dedicated a Book to him, which he fends by one " Horneck, a Palatine, one, for 
his Age, well acquainted with the Oriental Languages, who was coming over to learn Eng- 
lijb, and to make an Acquaintance with our Connoifeurs. 

The latter End of the Month following, the Honourable Robert Boyle, Efq-, defires 
Dr. Pocock to favour, with his Advice and Diredions, Elzevir the Leyden Printer, who was 
coming into England, and he thinks going to Oxford, to fee what he can get out of our 
Books and MSS. touching a new Edition of Jojephus. Which however, I think, he did not 
publifh. 

AUGUST the i6th of this Year, Alting, in a Letter propofes a Difficulty in the Pro- 
phecy of Balaam, and recommends the Bearer of it, Joh. Jacob de Lojfe, of Berne. In a 
Poftfcript, dated Auguft the 26th, he owns the Receipt of a Letter, fince the Finifhing 
of this,' in Anfwer to a former one, in which Alting had propofed his Opinion of the 
Word»{03, which fame Opinion the Dodlor tells him, he himfelf had formerly defended, 
which Alting befeeches him to believe, he had not before obferved ; otherwife he fhould not 
have propounded it. 

On the loth oi May, 1662, his Serene Highnefs Charles Lewis, Ele<5tor Palatine, did 
Dr. Pocock the Honour of a Letter, figned with his own Hand, defiring him to favour with 
free Accefs to him, Frederick Miege, Son to his Vice-chancellor, who was defirous of im- . 
proving his Knowledge in Theology, and the Oriental Languages, at Oxford. And to the 
fame Purpofe Hottinger wrote likewife, telling Dr. Pocock, that this Gentleman having feen 
the Univerfities of Germany, was now going for England, which he calls Abjiruftoris Litera- 
ture Sedem. 

I N the End of the fame Month, Mr. Thorndike, in a Letter to our Author, recommends 
a Jew of Amfterdam to him, whofe Bufinefs at Oxford was, the Vending of a Book, which 
he had printed, and which Mr. Thorndike conceives to be a fit Entrance into the Reading of 
the Rabbins. He alfo expreffes fome Hopes, that this Jew might be converted to the Chrif- 
tian Religion. 

JUNE 3, of this Year, Jfaac Avendano (the fame, I prefume, who afterwards taught 
Hebrew in Oxford) brought Letters recommendatory from Dr. Caflel to Dr. Pocock, in which 
that learned Perfon calls him an Oracle, unto which, all thofe who travel with publick De- 
ligns, are wont to make their Refort. 

Dk. Morley, Bifhop o{ JVinchefter, wrote to our Author, May 16, 1663, in favour of 
the Bearer, to whom he defires he would extend his Care and Kindnefs, and Diraftions for 
learnmg the Hebrew, and other Oriental Languages ; adding, that, if he was not much de- 
ceived, that Perfon would make very good Ufe of them. He does not name the Party on 
whofe Behalf he writes j but, by comparing the Time, and fome other Circumftances, I am 
induced to conjefture, that it was Mr. George Hooper % afterwards Dean of Canterbury, and 
then fucceffively Biftiop of St, Afaph, and Bath and Wells : And, if I guefs right, Bifliop 
Morley prefaged of him very juftly ! For he lived, rill he had not his Superior for Piety, Ex- 
tent 

"' He was afterwards an eminent Treacher at the Savoy, and Author of feveral Books in the devotiopal Way. 
" He was firft. Chaplain to Bilhop Morley, who prefented liim to the Living of Havant, near Portfmouth, and af- 
terwards to the Reftory of Eaft- Wood-Hay, in Hants: After that, he became Chaplain to Archbiihop Sheldon. 
This very Year he commenced Mailer of Arts at Chrift-Church. In Ihort, it is Faft, and certain, that Mr. Hoop- 
er, in the former Part of his Life, was both encouraged and afllfted by Dr. Pocock in the Profecution of his Ori- 
ental Studies, and in the Application of Arabick Learning, towards clearing up Difficulties ia the Holy Scriptures, 
and more efpecially in the Book of Job. 1 



Dr. £D WARD P O C O C K. 65 

ient of Learning, and every good Quality, that could adorn a Bifhop, a Gentleman, or a 
Scholar. 

On the 28th of the fame Month, Mr. Soyk feht a Paper to Dr. Pocock, wherein Mr. 01- 
denburg, then Secretary to the Royal Society, begs, on the Behalf of an ingenious French 
Gentleman, his Corrcfpondent, our Profeflbr's Thoughts upon a certain Infcription, found at 
Perfepolis, among fome Ruins, ' which, adds Mr. Boyle, intelligent Travellers of my Ac- 

* quaintance, that have vifited them, profefs to be the nobleft and moft worthy of Obferva- 

• tion, they ever met with in Europe or 4/ia.' 

JULT the 25th of this Year, Mr. Oldenburg writes a Latin Anfwer, to that of Dr. Po- 
cock, which gave an Account of the Perfepolitan Infcription, thanking him for it, and pro- 
mifing to tranfmit it to his Corrcfpondent. He further acquaints the Doftor, that a Friend 
of his Corrcfpondent was about publifhing Petrus Blefenfis, a Writer of the 12th Cehturyj 
who had freely taxed the Manners of the Court and Clergy of Rome, defiring, if any 
dvix.S'Q-Ta of that Writer fhould be found in the Libraries of either Univerfity, to have 
them prociu*ed, and requefting the Dodlor to make proper Inquiries at Oxford. Certain it h; 
that four Years after this, viz. 1667, the Works of Petrus Blefenjis were publifhed at Paris, 
by Petrus de Gujfanvilla, in Folio, with Notes and various Leftions, who, therefore, moft 
probably, was the Friend of Mr. Oldenburg's Corrcfpondent, above-mentioned. 

The 6th of the following Month, Golius writes to our Author, recommending to hirh a 
Tranjylvanian of an illuftrious Family, named John Nadanyi^ 

And thus, at one View, the Reader has the Hiftory of the Applications made to Dr. 
Pocock, after his fecond Return from the Eaft, and the various Recommendations of Foreign- 
ers to him, down to the Year 1663 ; which, I think, will be compleat, after I have told 
him, that the pious and learned Dr. Hammond frequently confulted him by Letter, whilft 
he was preparing his excellent Annotations on the New Teftament, and alfo on the Pfalms j 
that with refpeft to the latter, the Books into which that Work was divided, were cori- 
ftantly fubmitted to our Author's Animadverfions, before they faw the Prefs ; which ftood 
ftill, fo long as Dr. Pocock's urgent Affairs witheld him from furveying what Copy was ferit 
to him. So great Deference did even the moft learned of his Contemporaries pay to the 
Judgment and Erudition of this humble and excellent Man I 

I HAVE nothing to add under the prefent Year, (1663) but that our Author, atsout the 
Middle of it, was vifited with Sicknefs, which, as I take it, proved a very fevere one, being 
that, which ended in Lamenefs, that continued to the Day of his Death. After he had 
contrafted this Lamenefs, he could not walk foir Exercife, as before he was wont to do, twice 
a Day ; but was obliged to fubftitute, inftead of Walking, the Exertife of Pulling at a 
Dumb-Bell. Dr. Pocock's eldeft and very learned Son Edward, in a Letter to Mr. Smith of 
Dartmouth^ places this Sicknefs two Years later, viz. Anno 1665, which was the Year of the 
Plague, and in which, confequently, was an entire Ceflation of Correfpondence. But this is 
certain, that the firft Compliments we meet with on Dr. Pocock's Recovery, are in a Letter of 
yir. Boyle's, dated 7««^ 18, 1668, and then he only rejoices, that Dr. Pwt^iT/^ had recovered 
a great Meafure of Strength. Dr. Narcijjus Marjh, fome Time ago Primate of Ireland, in a 
Letter, written by him, when Archbifhop of Dublin, fpeaks of this long Sicknefs, and of our 
Profeflbr's eminent Patience and Refignation under itj but gives us not the Year in which it 
happen'd ; only fays, it was many Years before his Death ; that it was occafioned by a Hu- 
mour, which fell into his Thigh, and that thereby he became lame, continuing fo to his 
Dying-Day. 

After this, we meet with nothing remarkable in the Series of our Author's Corre- 
fpondence, till the Year 1666, when Mr. JVilliam Seaman " publiflied his Turkijh New Tefta- 
ment, undertaken at the Defire of the Honourable Mr. Boyle, and greatly forwarded by 
his Liberality. A Copy of this he begs Dr. Pocock to accept of, in a Letter, dated 
July 17. 

I N April, 1 668, Dr. Pocock had a Letter from Sir Jofeph Williamfon, with an Arahick Let- 
ter inclofed, from the Emperor of Morocco to King Charles the Second, defiring from him a 
Tranflation of it, they having No-body in Town Mafters enough of that Language, to give 
the Contents of it. 

I N June following, Mr. Boyle, writing to Mr. Samuel Clarke, after the Expreflion of his 
Joy at Dr. Pocock's Recovery, defires him to put him in Mind of the Promife he made him, 
[Mr. Boyle'\ that he would extrad fome unufual Explications of Hebretv Texts out of his 
ancient Grammarians : But I cannot find, that our Author ever perfefted any fuch Defign, nor 
that he left the Appearance of it behind him. 

Th E Year following, Mr. Seaman publifhed his 'Turkijh Grammar and Turkijh Hiftory, 
concerning which, feveral Letters pafled between him, and our ProfefTor, who beftowed 
great Care and Pains in correfting it, and in putting the Preface into better Latin, as Mr. 
Seaman himfelf freely and thankfully acknowledges : The fame he did by tRe Epiftle 

Vo L.I. S dedicatory 

y This learned Perfon had been Chaplain to an Englifli Embaflador at the Port«, and wa» a Non-conformift, but 
a jnoderate one : By his Inciters he appears a fober, difcreet, and modeft Man, 



66 The L I F E of 

dedicatx)ry to Mr. BoyUt who advanced twehty Pounds towards the Work, to be paid in 
Books. 

Some Time this Year, or the latter End of the foregoing one, Peter Claufton, a learned 
Dane, as I take it, vifited Oxford., and became acquaint^ with our Profeflbr : In his Retarn 
home he was accompanied, as far as Leyden^ by Mr. Edward Pococky the Do<5tor's eldeft Son, 
then Student of Chrift-Cburch ; and from thence, Mr. Claujlon writes to Dr. Pocock, giving 
him an AccoMnt of his Son's kind Reception from all the Learned of that Place, on the Ac- 
count of his Father's great Learning ana Humanity. He takes this Opportunity to recom- 
mend two of his Countrymen, travelling to England, unto the Profeflbr's Notice, the one a 
Son of the celebrated Antiquary fVormius, the other Mr. Borneman, whofe Father had been 
Secretary to the King [of Denmark,^ and each of whom had Brothers, that were Profeflbrs 
in the Univerfity of their G)untry. 

IIIER0N2''MUS HARDERy May rfie firft of this Year, confults our Author on feveral 
Difficulties, relating to the Hiftory of Sultan Sala^m^t which he was then preparing to pub- 
lifh with a hatin Tranflation. 

JUNE the 17th, Jlting writes from Greningeny laments, that he could not fee Hr.Po- 
cock's Son in thofe Parts, congratulates him on his Recovery of Health ; complains, that his 
Collegue MareJluSy out of Elnvy, had charged him with Herefy and Socinianifm ; that he 
had given much the fame Treatment to the Leyden Divines, and particularly to the fa- 
mous Cocceius •, becaufc they would not come into his Cenfure, upon an Appeal to 
them. 

Mr. Francis Vernon^ then at Paris y in a Letter, dated Sept. the 5th of this Year, at the 
Requeft of Mr. Jufiely acquaints Dr. Pococky that a Friend of his [Mr. Juftefs] intended to 
publilh the Works of St. Leo Papa, and of Profper JquitanuSy and defires the Bodleian Li- 
brary might be confulted, to fee, if any MSS. could be found there, that would be ufeful to 
his Defign ^. 

MARCH the 3d, 16-^4, Mr. Bernard, from Leyden, writes, that Gronovius and his Son 
were preparing a new Edition of Polybius, with the Notes of Cafaubon, ValefiuSy and their 
own, ana correfted by fome Manufcript Copies, and that they defired to have that in the 
Bodleian Library collated with the printed Copy, and tranfmitted to them. 

The 19th of the fame Month he writes again, and fays, that Harder y having tranflated 
the Hiftory of Saladiney cannot find a Bookfeller to undertake the Printing of it, fo great was 
the Decay of Oriental Lcarnbg : For which Reafon alfo he adds, that Mr. Tbevenot caimot 
find a Bookfeller, either there, or at Amjierdapiy to undertake his Abulfeda. 

This Year was farther remarkable for the Publication of Dr. CaJieVs Lexicon in feven 
Languages, after ten Years immenfe Labour : Towards which, Dr. Pocock had contributed, 
by lending three JEthiopick MSS. and ten Mtbiopick MS. Liturgies. We fhall hear him here- 
after complaining, how ill rewarded all his learned Pains were, which he had expended on 
this Lexicon. I ftiall only add, that, at the Time of his Death, he had a large Number of 
the Copies on his Hands •, as appears from this Circumftance, that in his laft Will, he be- 
queathed 100 Sets of them to Dr. Campion, then Lord Bifhop of London. 

APRIL the 20th, of the Year following, Lud. Ferrandus, a moft furprizing young 
Frenchman, of whom more by and by, made his Application from Paris, by Letter, to Dr. 
Pocock, acquainting him, that he had undertaken to tranflate the Annals of the Kings of 
France, and the Ottoman Emperors, a MS. in the Royal Library, written formerly in Hebrew 
by Jofepb the Prieft, the Son of Jehojfua, and intending to illuftrate this Hiftory with Notes 
likewife taken principally from Arabick Writers, he humbly defires the Doftor to fupply him 
•with what fuch Arabick Books, as he has read, fay of the Frencb Hiftory, and chiefly of the 
Expeditions by them made into the Eaft, or at leaft, to dired him to the Books, wherein Me- 
moirs of this Sort are to be found. 

This Year, M.r. Huntington, a great Friend and future Correfpondent of our Profeflbr, 
{ibt out for Aleppo, to officiate there, as Chaplain to the Engli/h Faftory. 

Mr. Vernon, from Paris, dates a Letter November 12, of the Year we are now in, the 
chief Defign of which was to entertain Dr. Pocock with the Hiftory of Monfieur Ferrandy 
above fpoken of, to whom he had juft delivered the Dodlor's Anfwer to his Letter. His 
Story is as follows : 

'Monsieur Ferrand is by Birth a Provencal, a Native of the Town of Tboulon, of 
''''fome 25 Years of Age : From his Infancy he was always addidled to the Study and Ad- 

* miration of Oriental Languages ; to which, befides the Difpofitions which Nature had given 
' him. Fortune admiijiftred fome accidental Helps: For being born in a maritime Town, 

* where was a great Concourfe of Strangers, and particularly of LcvantineSy brought thither 

» by 

* Father Quefnel aftually publifhed thefe Works at Paris, in 1675, and therefore, probably, was Mr. Juftel's 
Friend, here fpoken of: I am the more confirmed in this, becaufe in the following December, Mr. Vernon owns 
the Receipt of a Letter from Mr. Bernard, inclofed in one from Dr. Pocock, which had given him great Satisfac- 
tion, and becaufe another of Mr. Vernon's Letters, after this, mentions a Prefent of Books fent by Father Quefnel 
to- Mr. Bernard. ■ Laftly, Father Quefnel, in his izth Differtation upon St. Leo's Works, pays a Compliment to 
Mr. Bernard, on his indefatigable Z«al for the Promotioa o( Literature. 



J 



Dr. EDWARD P O C O C K. "^ 

* by the Allurements of Trade and Riches, which they hope to acquire by a Correfpondence 

* in France ; among much other Acquaintance with thofe Foreigners, he fays, he made one 
« very intimate with an Arabian Merchant, a Perfon as well furnilhed in his Mind, as he was 
« rich in his Fortunes. This Man he reprefents, as one the moft abounding with Courtefy, 

* the moft obliging in Behaviour, and the moft learned of any he had feen or converfed with 
« before ; nay, he queftions, whether he ought to prefer any, that he has feen fince. This 

* Man (he fays) if he had not had natural Longings after Eaftern Fafhions and Writings, 

* which, he profefles to have had, would have infpired him with a Love and Efteem for 

* them ; fo extremely did his Perfon feem to recommend and grace, what Mr. Ferrand'% 

* Fancy had given him great Inclinations to before. To this Arabian, then, he made his 

* conftant Refort ; with him he fpent all thofe Hours, which were in his own Difpofal, and s 

* none of his Studies or Recreations were pleafant to him, except fuch as he took in his 

* Company. This Arabian had great Store of Manufcripts, and thefe he taught him to read ; 

* many of thefe were Hiftorical, and with thefe he diverted himfelf. Thus he fpent, what 

* he calls the happieft Part of his Life, till the Style of the World, and the Commands of 

* his Friends, brought him to Paris, where they intend he fhall compleat his Studies : He 
« hath his Refidence in the Univerfity, in the College des Threforiers, where his Friends de- 

* figned him for Phyfick ; but his own Genius irrefiftibly carries him another Way, viz, to 

* Oriental Studies, to which, for the moft Part, he applies himfelf The main of his Time 

* he fpends in the King's Library ; where his great AfTiduity and eminent Parts have brought 

* him acquainted with the learned Perfons that refort thither : So that now he is not only 

* known for a prodigious Proficient in Oriental Learning, among Men of Science, but is alio 

* taken Notice of by Monfieur Colbert, who hath the Care and Superintendency of Learning, 

* as well as of what elfe contributes to the Honour ^and Advantage of the French Nation. 

* This able Minifter looks upon Monfieur Ferrand, not only as an accompliftied Scholar, but 

* alfo as an ufeful Member, and Ornament of the State.' 

On the 28th of this fame Month, Harder, fhortly after Profeflbr of Oriental Languages 
at Leyden, probably, in the Room of the great Golius, writes to Dr. Pocock, and gives him a 
moft melancholy Account of the NegleA of Arabick Literature in that Univerfity, or rather 
of the Contempt it lay under there : Two Caufes he aflTigns for it ; firft, Golius, he thinks, 
did not exercife the Students, not even thofe that were maintained at the publick Expence, 
In thefe Studies, nor ufe his Authority to make them take Pains therein : 2dly, He blames 
the Avarice of the Age, which gave no Attention to any Sciences, that were not greatly 
lucrative. 

I N the Beginning of the following Year, Hieron. Harder writes, that he was very lately 
made Reader of the Oriental Tongues by the Curators of Leyden : In which Employment, 
his Hopes of giving them SatisfaAion were founded on our Profeflbr's Direftion and Af- 
iiftance, which, he flatter'd himfelf, would not be wanting to him upon any emergent Dif- 
ficulty. 

Another Letter from the fame Hand, dated May 23, 1671, brought a Recommenda- 
tion of Mr. Furcardus, a Licentiate in Law, and a Man of good Learning, who was going 
for England. , 

I N this Year, the Profeflbr's eldeft Son, Mr. Edward Pocock, publlflied, with a Latin 
Tranflation of his own, an Arabick Piece of Ebn Tophail, the Title of which was, Philofo- \ 
fbus AutodidaSius, Jive Epijlola Abi Jaafer Ebn Tophail de Hai Ebn Yokdhan. In qua often- \ 
ditur, quomodo ex Inferiorum Contemplatione ad Superiorum Notitiam Ratio humana afcendere ' 
poffit. It is an ingenious Fidion, giving the Hiftory of Ebn Tokdhan, who, the Author tells 
us, according to lome, was produced in one of the Indian Illands under the .ffiquinodllal, 
where Men come into the World without Father or Mother. Others relate his Beginning in 
this Manner : Over-againft that wonderful Ifland was another large one, under the Sove- 
reignty of a proud and jealous Prince, who, having a beautiful Sifter, ftridtly guarded her 
from marrying, becaufe he defpaired of finding her a Huft)and of fuitable Quality : But a 
Relation of his, by Name Tokdhan, neverthelefs privately married her, and by him fhe had 
the Hero of this Fable, Ebn Jockdhan : As foon as he was born, and his Mother had fuckled 
him, for fear her Marriage ftiould be difcovered, ftie expofed him to the Sea, in a Cheft pro- 
perly contrived, at high Water, which carried him to the oppofite Ifland above-mentioned ; 
where his Cries brought a She-Goat, which had lately loft her Kid, and which fuckled and 
brought him up. He proved afterwards of a difceming and contemplative Spirit, and by 
progreflTive Reafonings with himfelf, from what he faw, formed a Syftem of Natural Philo- 
fophy. Morality, and Metaphyficks, In the 50th Year of his Age, Afal, a Perfon of a 
contemplative Difpofition, who came thither from a neighbouring Ifland, for the Sake of Re- 
tirement, found Yokdhan, taught him Language, and got from him all the Account he was 
able to give of his Original, and the Hiftory of his gradual Approaches to a Knowledge of, 
and intimate Conjunftion with God. Dr. Pocock prefixed a learned Preface to his Son's Book, 
concerning the Name and Age of the Arabian, that wrote the Original, which led Foreign- 
ers, efpecially thofe of France^ tg confider the Whole, as the Father's Performance. 

... ii.... ,-J -.'* '■'■■■ 

^ Mr, 



68 A or I'h^l^f ^ £ of 

Mr. Ferfum writing to Dr. Pocock^ from Paris, Sept. 7, of this Year, tells him, that he 
liad delivered a Copy of this Book to Monfieur Capellain of the Sorl>onne, for which he was 
very thankful, being much delighted with it ; he acquaints him, that his own Copy he had 
prcfented to Mr. Huygens, of the Royal Academy ; that Mr. Hirbelote, and Mr, De la Croix^ 
DOth eminent Oriental Scholars, had read, and approved it : He adds, that Mr. Thevenot had 
Abn 'Topbail (the Arabick Author, tranflated by Mr. Pocock) his Life in Manufcript j that he 
informs him, he was a Philofopher of great Note and Eminence in his Age, that he was 
Averroes's Mafter, and that he had like to have made a new Sz&. among the Mahometans, 
being withal of an aftive Spirit. 

In September this Year, 1671, the Learned Mr. Beveridge, afterwards Bi(hop of St. Afapb, 
writes his Thanks to Dr. Pocock, for having perufed the Arabick Paraphrafe of the Canons, 
with his [Mr. Beveridge's] Tranflation, defiring the Continuance of his Care, and fubmitting 
himfelf wholly to his Judgment. 

M R . Vernon, in November of the fame Year, writes again to our Author, from Paris, ac-. 
quainting him, that, together with his, would come two more Letters, one from Dr. Capel- 
lain, the other from Monfieur Ferrand, to both of whom he had, by the Dodor's own 
Dirc<5bion, prefented his Son's Book ; he is forry he had not begged a Copy for Mr. Thevenot, 
who was much taken with the Fancy of the Piece, and intended to make the Profeflbr a Pre- 
fent of the Life of its Author, Abn Topbail, in Arabick. He adds, that Abbot Panciatichi, 
by that Time arrived at Florence, would make the Value of it known there, and that he 
perceived they every where made Account of it. Mr. Ferrand's Letter is yet extant ; he 
gives a handfome Compliment to the Piece, declaring himfelf at a Lofs, which to admire 
moft, the Author's Elegance, or his Interpreter's Exadnefs. Mr. Capellain's Letter did not 
accompany Mr. Vernon's, as will appear from the Date of it in the next Article. 

Monsieur La Grange le Capellain, a Sorbonijl, and Author of Mare Rabbinicum infi' 
dum, againft Chavigny, to whom Dr. Pocock, as above, fent a Prefent of his Son's Book, and 
thanked the Dodor for it; having received a Letter fince from him, writes, in Anfwer 
to it, one, dated February ly, 1672, in which he recommends the Bearer Ottfjus, a Swifs, a 
Perfon well-fkilled in Biblical and Rabbinical Hebrew, and now going for England to learn 
Arabick, tanquam ad Fontem unde felicius ^ uberius hauriri pqffit. He inquires about Rabbi 
Tanchum, mentioned in the Profeffor's Letter, whether it was a printed Book, or only a Ma- 
nufcript : So little known was that moft excellent Commentator, till Dr. Pocock apprized the 
eWorld of him. 

O TTS lUS, the learned Swifs above-mentioned, was alfo at the lame Time commended 
to Dr. focock's Regards, by Mr. Ferrand : Herein alfo he defires to purchafe a Copy of tlic 
Philofophus AutodidaSius for the famous Francis Bofquet, firft Biftiop of Lodeve, and afterwards 
of Montpellier, who, hearing of the Book, by Letter from Monfieur Ferrand, earneftly de- 
fired him to procure one, and impatierttly expefted it. 

From two of Mr. Bernard's Letters this Year, I find, the Profeflbr was much urged by 
his Friends, to publifh his Chiliads of Arabick Proverbs, which had lain by him, finifhed for 
the Prefs, between 30 and 40 Years : The Encouragement he had to proceed in it, feemed, 
at this Time, not inconfiderable. Dr. Cajlel had promifed to fecure a hundred Books for 
Cambridge, and a ftill greater Proportion might be depended upon in Oxford, befides what the 
Affiduity of his good Friends in London, fuch as Mr. Boyle, Dr. Gale, Mr. Haack, &c. might 
get oflF: But, for Reafons, of which we can give no Account, nothing was done in the Bufi- 
nefs, either then, or at any Time afterwards. 

Mr. Huntington, in February, 1671, wrote to Dr. Pocock, defiring, if any yet remained 
undifpofed of, fome Copies of his Arabick Grotius de Veritate, which Mr. Boyle readily and 
thankfully fupplied, to the Number of 30, and with them 12 Copies of Mr. Seaman's Turki/h 
Catechifm: Of thefe our Author gave Mr. Huntington Notice, in a Letter, dated the 23d of 
Augufi following : To accompany thefe, he fent three Dozen of our Church Catechifms ren- 
dered into Arabick, which he had juft then printed for the Ufe of the young Chriftians in 
the E^fi, intending that more fhould follow, if God permit. He tells his Friend, he was at 
a Lofs, out of what Copy to take the Commandments, which, at laft, he determined to do 
out of the Polyglott Bible. At the End, he farther tells him, are added fome Places of 
Scripture, containing the moft general Principles of Religion : To which (hould have been 
added, the Inftitution of the Lord's Supper, from i Cor. xi. but their Hafte to have it out 
of the Prefs foon enough for the prefent Opportunity of fending them, prevented it. He 
proceeds to exprefs his Wifiies, that the chief Prayers of our Englifh Liturgy were in Arabick^ 
and his Aftoniftiment, that he never found the Divine Hymn of Te Deum in the Eaftern 
Languages : The Reafon of which probably was, that this Hymn was the Compofition of 
a Latin Father, [St. Ambrofe] whereas, I think, the Eaftern Liturgies were made agreeably 
to the Formularies ufed in the Greek Church. However, Dr. Pocock, as his Son Informs us, 
added this Hymn to his Arabick Catechifm. He repeats his former Requeft to procure him 
the Books of which Mr. Huntington had a Catalogue, fuch as were written by Jews In the 
Arab. Language. ' But, continues he, my chief Longing is for the firft Part of Rabbi 
* Tancbum's BooJs, which he calls 7K'i7i< lidJ? Cetab ol Bian, which are his Notes on the 
■ * ' wbote 



Dr. E D W A R D P O C O C K:. dq 

' whole Old Teftament. That firft Part he calls n^5^SD'?^f, -^i Coliyat^ i. e. Gmeralia,, 

* wherein he treats of all Things neceflary to the Interpretation of Scripture, as Metaphors, 

* Parabolical Expreffions and Words, either unufuai, or of divers Acceptions and Difficulties 

* in Chronology, divers Readings, and the like.' He recommends to him the Methods, by 
which, when he was in the Eaft, he got all the Pieces he then had of Tanchum, viz. Jofiua,, 
Judges, Samuel, and the Kings, and Jeremy, Ezekiel, and the twelve minor Prophets. 

On the 17th oi Auguft this Year, Mr. Oldenburg, before-mentioned, wrote to Dr. Pocock, 
on the Behalf of Dr. Fogelius, one of the chief Phyficians of Hamburgh, defiring the Pro- 
feflbr to give him the Meaning of fome Turkijh Names of Medicines, and alfo to inform- 
him, whether the Book de Voluptate Animi^ of Badroddini, be at Oxford or Cambridge, and' 
whether it be a MS. or a printed Book. ' : 

By feveral Letters written from Dr. Cajiel, in March, of the next Year, I find, that our' 
Profeflbr intended then an Edition of his yfra^/r^ Chiliads of Proverbs, and that, in order 
thereto, he printed and difperfed a Specimen of the Work. Dr. Cajiel earneftly prefled the 
Perfeding of that Piece, and, to encourage it, frequently repeated his Promife of becoming 
refponfable for 100 Copies. From one of his Letters it appears alfo, that Dr. Pocock was 
then thought to be preparing fomething of Rabbi Tanchum and Maimonides's More Nebochim, 
for the Publick : As to the former of thefe, the Reality of it is intimated by himfelf in a 
Letter to Mr. Huntington this Year, and that it was the Defire of a Learned Sorboniji (De la 
Grange le Capellatn) as likewife of fome at home : But for the latter, I rather take it to have 
been the Defign of the Doctor's eldeft Son, Mr. Edward Pocock. For about this Time, Mr. 
Locke, fince that fo well known to the World, in a Letter to the Father, mentions his hav- 
ing engaged his Son at Salijbury, in tranflating and printing a Part of Maimonides, and that 
he had fpoken with Mr. Boyle about it : He defired alfo to have it printed, juft as that Piece 
tranflated by Mr. Prideaux ' was. He further aflured Dr. Pocock, that it would greatly en- 
courage thofe, who wifhed well to the Work, if he could aflure them, that it ftiould be done 
under the Father's Direftion. But of all thefe. Dr. Cajiel urged moft the Publication of the 
Arabick Chiliads, as moft grateful to all the truly Learned, offering to leave no Stone unturn'd 
to effed the Vending of the Edition : ' Not, adds he, of the Proverbs only, but as to the 

* other Jewijh Authors alfo, having a very high Efteem and Value for them, efpecially Rabbi 

* Tancbum, offering, at the fame Time, himfelf carefully to cofrefl: the Errata.' The fame 
Learned Arabick Profeflbr of Cambridge was at this Time labouring to purchafe the Golian 
Library for his Univerfity ; a private Perfon of his Acquaintance being willing fo venture 
about 700 Pounds for it. But the Executors hoping to make a more advantageous Sale, re- 
fiifed the Offer ; of which they dearly repented afterward, being compelled, more than 20 
Years after, to fell them by Auftion, and probably to lefs Advantage. At which Time, 
Dr. Edward Bernard made a Journey into Holland, and bought the choiceft of them for 
Dr. Narcijfus March, then Archbifhop of Dublin. See Dr. Smith's Life of Dr. Bernard^ 
p. 50, 51. 

This Year, Mr. Huntington travelled to Mount Libanus, in order to make fome learned 
Difcoveries there, but was prevented by fome Infirmity, which, when he was within two 
Hours of the Patriarch, came upon him, and difabled him from Walking. However, he 
procured R. Tanchum's Morjhed, in three Volumes, and fome imperfed; Pieces of his upon the 
Scripture, which he fent, as a Prefent, to our Profeflbr : A better Copy of Al Morjhed was 
afterwards tranfmltted to Mr. Huntington, from Damafcus, of which he offered Dr. Pocock his 
Choice. He had likewife found, to his great Joy, Cozari in Arabick, the whole Difpu- 
tadon. 

In March, iSy^, Dr. Martin Fogelius, of Hamburgh, before-mentioned, having received 
our Profeffor's Anfwer to his Quarries, concerning the Narcoticks of the 'Turks, by the Means 
of Mr. Oldenburg : To fome of which he replied from the Lexicons, to others from his own 
Ufe and Obfervation, whilft he lived amongft them : He now defires a more diftincft Ac- 
count, what Quantities, how oft, to what End, and with what Effeft he took them. He 
further confults him about a Difficulty in the Nubian Geographer : To which Dr. Pocock 
obligingly and fully replied. Dr. Fogelius had then a Trad by him ready for the Prefs, 
De Turcarum Nepenthe, which made him more particularly inquifitlve on thefe Subjeds. 

In September of the prefent Year, Mr. Huntington wrote a long Epiftle to Dr. Pocock^ 
which produced his next publick Performance, viz. the Arabick Verfion of our Englijh Li- 
turgy : It may be remembred, that the Profeflbr, writing to Mr. Huntington, more than a 
Year before, had wifhed, that the chief Prayers of our Englijh Liturgy were in Arabick .- 
Taking Occafion from hence, and from his Arabick Catechifm, he reprefents to the Dodor, 
what excellent Service our Liturgy would do in the Eaji, if it were univerfally tranflated into 
the fame Language. ' Undoubtedly, adds he, this [the Catechifm] is but a Specimen of your 

* further Defign, and that thereby you would guefs, how it might be accepted, before you 

* accompliflied the Whole. Really, continues he, if you will believe the People, they won- 

* der a Frank ftiould underftand their Tongue, better than the moft learned among thern^ : 

* And they fee the two Tables, once more intire and perfed, not abufed and broken, as w 
Vol. I. T 'all 

I Afterwards Dr. Prideaux, the Learned Dean of Norwich, 



70 . J w The LIFE of a 

' all the Methods and Syftems of Divinity, that the Romanijls have hitherto conveyed, for 

' ought I know, into thefe Places And, proceeds he, if this be fo acceptable, what 

♦ would the whole Service be, when the People here ihall read it fo fully exprefled in the 

♦ Language wherein they are born ? No one is, nor ever will be, (befides yourfelf ) fit for 
' the Employment : For it well becomes the beji Liturgy in the World, to be bejl tranflated ; 

♦ and in this Cafe, every one that knows your Name, knows where alone to reft his Ex- 
' peiftfttion.' 

Another Inducement he offers, which is, that it will convince a Sort of Men, who 
have brought a Fancy out of Europe^ and which they would have believed here, that we 
have little or no Religion in I'.ugland^ and that what we have, is quite overfpread with Errors 
and Herefy : This he thinks the Natives more apt to Cfedtt, bccaufe (which is a Thing very 
unhappy) Af^e do not pua(51:uaily obferve the folenin Days and Times, in which their Religion 
chiefly confifts. To this he adds, the Need that the Greek Chriftians have of Devotional 
Books-, their Efteem for the Church of England above all others j their Agreement with it 
in Dodrine, excepting the Points of the Proceflion of the Holy Ghoft and Tranfubftantia- 
tion 1 concerning the latter of which, they talk very differently, neither agreeing with one 
another, nor yet, at different Times, with themfelves. 

Towards the Expence of this Tranflation, Mr. Huntington generoufly offered twenty 
Pounds at prcfent, for procuring of Paper, intimating, th»t he would readily advance the 
whole Charge, if he liyed to be worth fo much, if it ftiould happen, that no other Bene- 
factors oflFered their Afljftaiice. 

Before our Author could receive this Propofal, he had written again to Mr. Huntington^ 
ftill reminding him of Rabbi Tanchum's Works, for getting of which intire, he was at prefent 
the njore follicitous, becaufe the Learned World, both at home and abroad, delired, that 
fomething of that Author might be publifhed. He likewife recommends to him, an Enquiry 
after what is to be had or known from the Samaritamy and from the Karraim Jews, if any 
fuch were in thofe Parts. Laftly, he begs, that he would examine the Syrians, what Crea- 
ture is by them called Toruro, whether it be not a Jackall : Hereby he hoped to corretft a 
Miftake in the ufual Rendering of the Hebrew Tannim, by Dragons, which neither howl, nor 
have Breafts, both which are attributed to the Animals, called Tannimi in the Hebrew Scrip-' 
tures. At the fame Time, he defires Mr. Huntington would inform hinifelf concerning the 
Nolfe which Oftriches make. Whoever recolleds, what Dr. Pccock has written on both thefe 
Subjedls, in his Commentary on Micah, Ch. i, Ver. 8. which was made publick four Yearsf 
after this, will think it no improbable Conjedlure, that he had now begun that Work, or, at 
leaft, was laying together an Apparatus for it. 

In November of this Year, 1673, Monfieur le Capellain paid his Refpefts to the Profeflbr, 
in a Letter, the Bearer of which was a ftudious and noble Youth, his Name not mentioned, 
who came Into England to fee, and be acquainted with, our Men of Letters, and more par- 
ticularly with Dr. Pocock. 

The next Year, ;'. e. 1674, appeared the Fruits of Mr. Huntington's Inftances with Dr. 
Pocock, for tranflating our EngliJJj Common- Prayer into Arabick : He did not render the 
Whole of it into that Language, but only the chief Prayers, Hymns, ijc. agreeably t»- 
what himfelf had, fome Years before, wifhed to fee done. The Title of this Piece, as left 
with us by his eldeft Son, in the Catalogue of his Father's Works, is, Partes pracipux 
Liturgite Ecclefi<e Anglicana, T^ingua Arahicd. 1674. Wlr. Edward Pocock's more particu- 
lar Account of this Yerfion of his Father's is, that it contained the daily Morning and 
Evening Prayers, the Order of adminiftring Baptifm and the Lord's Supper : To which, he 
likewife added, the Dodrine of the Church of England, comprehended in the 39 Articles, 
and the Arguments of our Homilies. Mr. Huntington had not, as he expedted, the Honour 
of defraying the Expence of thefe ufeful Labours of his Friend : For the Univerfity of Ox- 
ford moft worthily fupplied the entire Expences of the Book j thereby precluding all private 
Benefactions. Of which more hereafter. 

On the 20th of March, Peace being then concluded between the Englijh and Dutth, and 
the Literary Correfpondence once more open between Dr. Pocock, and his Friends in the Low 
Countries, Mr. Alting, of Groningen, took tlie firft Opportunity of faluting the ProfefTor^ 
congratulating the happy Change of Affairs between the two Nations, and recommending 
the Bearer of the Epiftle, Anthony Klingler, of Zurich^ a Student in Divinity, who, having 
fpent a Year at Groningen, and, after that, a Winter at Leyden, was going thence to Eng- 
land, 

I N the fame Month, Dr. Thomas Greaves, in a Letter to our Author, exprefles his Wifhes, 
that fome one would ^ publilh the Life of the Pious Cyril, Patriarch of Conftantimple, toge- 
ther with the Occafion and Manner of his Death : ' I have, fays Dr. Greaves, moved Sir 
' Cyril JVycke to undertake it, and have offered to contribute fome AfTiftance.* The Reader, 
perhaps, may remember the Account given of this excellent and illuftrious Perfon, towards 
the Beginning of the prefent Hiftory, and particularly} how he honoured Sir Peter IVyche, 
then Embaflador from King Charles the Firft, at the Porte, ^ith ftanding Surety to his Son 
at his Baptifm there, and giving him the Name of Cyril: And this will fufficiently explain, 

how 



Dr. E D W A R D P O C O C K. yi 

how it came to pafs, that Dr. Greaves applied to that Gentleman, and thought him the fit- 
teft to write the Patriarch's Story. 

This Year alfo 'Dr.Pocock had the agreeable News from Aleppo, that his Friend Hun- 
tington had, after long Enquiry, procured for him Jl>u Wallids Allama. 

I T was May, in the Year following, before the Tranflation of the EngUJh Liturgy into 
Arabick reached Mr. Huntington, at Aleppo ; who, upon the firft hearing that fo acceptable a 
Prefent was in its Way to him, wrote a moft pious and thankful Letter to the Profeflbr 
dated May 13, 1675. ' I find, fays he in it, the Univerfity envied me the Honour of being 

* a Benefaftor to fo good a Caufe However, Pll recover what I can by the religious 

* Diftribution of the Books.' He proceeds thus: ' I have feveral of the Grotiui's, yet by 

* me, rather out of the Apprehenfion I have of the Malice of fome Chriftians (who wiil 

* hardly allow, that a Man of a different Opinion fhould be inftrumental to the Propagation 

* of the right Faith) than from the unprompted Accufation and downright Danger by the 
' turks. I did cut out the laft Book in two or three Copies.' 

U P oV the aftual Receipt of the Common Prayer made Ardhick, which happened before 
the End of May, Mr. Huntington wrote again with a Profufion of religious Joy to Dr. Pocock 
for his Labour of Love, as he calls that Work, and the Pledge of his Affeftion to thofe 
People, among which he formerly lived : ' I expedt, adds he, it fhould meet with the greateft 

* Hindrance from the Ld//« Fathers : For they are unwilling the People Ihould know too 

* much, that is, more than they think fit to teach them. Nor is this a needlefs Sufpicion : 

* For if they were fo much aggrieved, as I heard they were, becaufe you printed the Second 

* Commandment at length in yours, which very impudently they have expunged out of 

* their Catechifms, how muft they be concerned to find their Doftrines, fome of them 

* thwarted and pofitively denied ? Neither is it reafonable to expeft, they fhould allow the 
» Articles, though of a whole Church, when they contradift their Opinions and Interefts, 

* fince, upon the fame Account, they dare renounce an exprefs Law of God ! ' The good 
Man proceeds in owning his Obligations, not only to the ProfefTor, but alfo to the Vice- 
Chancellor and the Univerfity, praying for their Happinefs and Profperity, and fuccefsful 
Progrefs in the like good Works: Nay, fuch was his Zeal for the Promotion of true Religion, 
by the Means then put into his Hands, that he wifhes to have horn fome fmall Share in the 
Expence, tho' only in the Binding of the Books in marbled Paper, which he calls the mofi 
taking and proper Drefs for them in rhofe Countries. 

I N July of this Year, our Author received from Dr. Cajlel his Thanks and Compliments 
for the Prefent pf our Englijk Liturgy; moft elegaritly transfufed, as he expreffes himfelf, into 
Arabick. The Reader will pardon me^ for cbferving on this Occafionj that this very learned 
Gentleman, by converfing almoft conftantly with the Eaftern Writers, feems to have made 
their lofty Ways of ExprefTion habitual to him, fo as not to have been able to forbear them, 
even in his Epiftolary Style. 

. Mr. Huntington writes again the following November, and acquaints Dr. Pocock concerning 
his old Acquaintance, Father Celejline, the Carmelite, and Brother to the great Golius, that he 
was then gone in MifTion with three others, to the Coafts of Malabar, to confirm the Chri- 
ftians of St. Thomas there, and to convert Infidels -, that he enquired moft afFeftionately after 
him, [Dr. Pocock"] and made Mr. Huntington a Vifit, on purpofe to underftand the Doctor's 
Welfare, and to convey his Refpefts unto him : ' Very glad he was, adds he, to hear of 

* your Performance in Eutychius, whom SeUen, he faid, had injured, and in Abul-Pharai, a 

* Book he tommends mightily, but had not kzn them in Print. Your Specimen he had per- 

* ufed, and gives it due Applaufe : He had heard of your Verfion of Grotius, and was 

* wonderfully pleafed with fome Copies of it, which I prefented him, in your Name, and 

* p'romifed me a nomas a Kempis, de Imitatione Cbrifti, by him tranflated into the fame 

* Language, fome few of which he brought with him from Rome. He hath left a little 

* Poem of St. Ephrem there ready for the Prefs, with his Tranflation into Arabick, Turkijh, 

* Latin, &c. He renews his Age, he faith, and altho' 72, is healthy and vigorous, and 

* walks as nimbly as ever. One Reafon, why he was chofen for this Employment, may be 

* his Skill in Syriack, the Holy Tongue of thofe Chriftians, to whom he is gone. FTom 

* hifti I could not have expeded a fair Account of your late Undertaking ; nor is it in the 

* Service itfelf, but the Articles and Homilies, where fuch People find fault : And though 

* it was not defigned for them, they are ready to keep others from efteeming it ; and, 

* to raife the Reputation of their own Dodtrine, they are in Intereft bound to decry 

* ours. 

* 1 SEND hereby two Letters from the Samaritans, in anfwer to Dr. Marjhal's, though 

* in both of them, there is but one PafTage properly anfwered : They are in a ftrange-A- 

* mazement, and know not what to think ; but mighty willing they are to believe, they have 

* fuch Brethren, becaufe they Vvould fain be the better for them. And if ever you hope to 

* get any of their few Books, it muft be upon fome fuch Confideration, wherein, as Care 

* fhould be taken not to abufe them, fo neither to cheat yourfelves.' 

The Hiftory of this Correfpondence between Dr. Marjhal and the Samaritans of Sichem, 

and of what gave Rife to it, not being in every one's Hand, I fhall here briefly lay the 

3 whole 



72 The L I F E of 

whole Matter before the Reader, out of Dr. Huntington^ Epiftles to the famous Job Ludol- 
phus. Author of the Mtbiopick Hiftory. Whilft the former of thefe was Chaplain to the 
Englifh Fadlory at Aleppo^ he took Galilee and Samaria in his Way to Jerufalem. At SicbeiHy. 
where, and at Gaza, the fmall Remains of the Samaritans are found, he vifited them in or- 
der to get Information, and, if pofllbie, fome Books from them. The Samaritans afked the- 
Dodor, if there were any Hebrrdus in his Country, not meaning Jews, as he afterwards per- 
ceived, whom they hate, but Samaritans, to whom only they allow the Name of Ifraelites 
and Hebrews : The Dodor, fuppofiiig they afked about Jews, innocently anfwered in the 
Affirmative •, and, at the fame Time, read fome Sentences out of their facred Books, and 
written in their own Charafter. Hereupon they cried out with Tranfports of Joy, Thefe are 
truly Ifraelites, and our deareft Brethren. The Do<5lor took Pains to undeceive them, affirm- 
ing, that the Perfons, to whom his Anfwer related, were unqueftionably Jews ; but they 
hugged their Miflake, and would by no Means be fet right. After this, the Dodor told 
them, that they would do welF to fend a Book of their Law, with an Account of their Re- 
ligion, Times of Prayer, Sacrifices, High Priefls, Feafts, Fafts, and all their Books, from 
which it would certainly appear, whether they were of the fame Faith or not. Accordingly 
they fent a Copy of their Law, and fuch Letters as he defcribed, which were tranfmitted to- 
Dr. Marjhal, Redor of Lincoln-College in Oxford, and anfwered by him ; and to this they 
again replied, the Correfpondence continuing many Years, and not ending, but with the 
Death of that very learned Perfon. See Huntingtoni Epifi. Land. Edit, a Th. Smithy S, T. P^ 
An. 1704, p. 55, 56. 

HENNTNGUS WITTE, who, more than ten Years before, had ken and converted 
with Dr. Pocock in England, wrote to him. May 24, 1676, on the following Occafion, from. 
Riga in Livonia, his own Country : He had for fome Time been ingaged in a Defign of 
writing Encomiums on all the moft famous Writers of that Age, in each Part of Literature^ 
and had already pubTIfhed fome Decads, containing Memoirs of Divines, Civilians, and Phy- 
ficians. He was now colleding Panegyricks on the mofl illuflrious Philologers, Hiftorians,. 
Orators, and Philofophers i but wanted Memoirs of the chief Englifhmen, that, in the prefent 
Century, have cultivated thefe Sciences, having no Relation of this Sort in his PofTeffion, ex- 
cept of Mr. Cambden : He begs, therefore, that our Author would, by the Bearer, tranfmit 
to him, whatever he had to communicate in this Way. 

This Year alfo began a Correfpondence between Dr. Pocock and Dr. Dudley Loftus, o€ 
Dublin, a Clergyman of a noble Family in the Kingdom of Ireland, and famous for his Skill 
in the Oriental. Languages : He had been affifting to Dr. PFalton, in the Polyglot t Bible, hav- 
ing tranflated the Mtbiopick New Teftament mto Latin, and was ufeful to Dr. Caftel, in his 
Heptaglott Lexicon, as is owned by each of them in the Prefaces to their feveral Works. It. 
is fomewHat wonderful, that this Correfpondence had not commenced fooner, confidering the 
Nearncfs of thefe learned Perfons, and the Alliance of their refpedive Studies: Nor had it,, 
perhaps, begun fo foon, but for the Accident of a Chaldee Prieft, who defired Dr. Loftus's 
Letter to our Author, fignifying his good Behaviour in Ireland, and the Succefs of his Jour- 
ney» to which Place Dr. Pocock, among others, had given him Commendatory Letters.. 
Having this Opportunity, he defires the Profeflbr to inform him, what Oriental Writers fay 
concerning Dionyjius, the Compiler of a Catena upon the Bible, from Oriental Interpreters v 
and whether any of this Dionyjius's Works be extant in Oxford. Dr. Loftus had already 
publifhed a Tranflation of this Catena, upon the Gofpel of St. Mark, into Englifh, and 
intended an Edition of him upon the four Gofpels, which was all he had of him. There 
are alfo fome other learned and curious Quasries in this Letter, too long to be tranfcribed 
here. 

Muck about this Time alfo, I conceive, there was a Literary Commerce between Dr. 
Pocock, and Chrijlian Noldius, of Copenhagen, Author of the Concordantia Particularum He- 
br^eo-Cbaldaicarum,. printed in the Year 1679: Such a Thing is fpoken of by that learned 
Perfon, in his Vindicia, wherein, upon all Occafions, he makes very honourable Mentioa 
of our Author. 

Towards the End of thfs Year, or rather early in the Year following, viz. 1677, was 
publifhed Dr. Pocock^s Commentary on the Prophecy of Micah : What induced him to write 
on this, and afterwards on three more of the lefTer Prophets, rather than on others, is not 
eafy to determine : The general Opinion is, that it was purfuant to a Scheme of Dr. Felly. 
then Dean of Cbrifl -Church, and afterwards Bifhop of Oxford, who, intending to oblige the 
World with a Commentary on the entire Bible, or, at leaft, of the Old Teflament, made by 
the learned Hands of that Univerfity, had divided the Tafk among a fet Number of them» 
and that the Books of Micah, Malachi, Hofea, and Joel, felt to the Share of our ProfefTor. 
I fhould be the more ready to give into this Account, becaufe it comes confirmed by his- 
eldefl Son ; and yet it feems flrange, allowing this to be true, that, in his Dedication of his 
Commentary on Hofea to Bifhop Fell, he fhould partrcularly mention the Encouragement he 
had from him, to put that Work to the Prefs, and not take the leafl Notice, that either this, 
or the two preceding Commentaries, owed their firfl Conception to him. All that Dr. Pocock 
himfelf has let us into, in his Preface to his firft Commentary, that on Micah, is,, that his 

chief 



Dr. EDWARD POCOCK. 



n 



chief Endeavour in thofe Annotations, was to fettle the genuine and literal Meaning of the 
Text, /. e. of the Hebrew Original : He had obferved, that Interpreters often rendered this 
very differently from what we read in our Englifh Bibles, and that in them alfo we have va- 
rious Readings, or rather Rendrings in the Margin. He further acquaints the Reader, what 
Methods he ufed to come at this literal Meaning : And Tranflations being a principal Help, 
he is hence led to fpealc of them, efpecially fuch as are lefs generally known, viz. the Syriack 
and Arabick. But, becaufe it would be in vain to look, after the literal Meaning of the He- 
brew Text, fo long as it was prefumed to be corrupt (a Prejudice that 'then increafed much 
thro' the Writings of Capellus and others, againft the Antiquity of Vowel Points in the 
Hebrew Bible) Dr. Pocock labours to ftiew, firft. The Improbability of fuch a Surmife, and 
how unlikely it was, that the Jews fhould have corrupted their own Scriptures, either before 
or after the Time of Chrift : As to the Argument for this fuppofed Corruption, arifing from 
the Difference there is at prefent between the LXX Tranflation made from the Hebrew fome 
Centuries before the Coming of Chrift, and the Hebrew Copies now extant, he fhows, that 
it will prove nothing, till it fhall appear, i/. That the Copy, ufed by the Seventy, was truer 
than any preferved among the Jews., and derived from them to us. idly. That the LXX In- 
terpreters always followed the Letter of their Hebrew Copy, never venturing to give us their 
Senfe of it in different Words, or had not fome Notions of the Words, which are not now 
fo ufually known, ^dly. That the Verfion of thofe Interpreters has been tranfmitted to us 
pure, as they made it, and free from Alteration or Mixture : But none of thefe Things, he 
thinks, has been, or can be fufKciently proved. In a Word, as the Englijh Verfion of the 
Bible, at prefent ufed, generally follows the Letter of the Hebrew Text, which was the main 
Objeft of our Author's Enquiry, fo it became but one Labour to give us the literal Meaning 
of the Original, and to defend our authorized Tranflation ; which laft he fomewhere declares 
to have been the main End of thefe Commentaries ''. 

Besides this, he had, probably, a Defign to fhew the Ufefulnefs of Rabbinical Learn- 
ing towards underftanding the Old Teftament j and particularly to give the Learned World 
fuch a Tafte of Rabbi Tanchum, as might induce them to encourage the Publication of him, 
which the Profeflbr had much at Heart, though he could never effeft it. 

But the predominant View of this great and good Man, in commenting on the Prophets, 
was to refcue many noble Predidions, concerning Chrift and the Times of the Gofpel, from 
that artful Confufion into which they had been brought by the Jewijh Doftors, who feldom 
leave the Letter of Scripture, but when it ferves the Caufe of Chriftianity : In all fuch Cafes, 
Grammar is no longer with them the Rule of Interpretation, but the Tradition of their Fore- 
fathers, fet up at firft out of mere Oppofition to the Chriftian Religion, is their fole Guide. 
To encounter, therefore, with thefe, fcarce any one was fo well qualified, as Dr. Pocock^ who 
had all their Oriental Learning, and knew their Writers better than themfelves did. Here 
then was a glorious Field for one of his Attainments to difplay himfelf in. And was there 
nothing elfe to recommend his Commentaries, the vaft Service done therein to the Argument 
for Chriftianity from Prophecy, will give them Immortality. 

I N the End of his Preface to the Commentary on Micah, cur Author informs us, that 
the Thing firft propofed was, to have given the Meaning of the Text in brief Marginal 
Notes, but this was laid afide, left the Method fhould be deemed too Magifterial : And, in- 
deed, nothing has contributed to render Dr. Pocock's Commentaries lefs perfedl, than his infu- 
perable Modefty, which fometimes hindered him, in very material Points, from giving his 
Judgment upon differing Expofitions. This, he apprehended, would be objedled to his 
Performance ; but at the fame Time declares. He dared not do otherwife. The Generality of 
Readers, finding this now and then to be the Cafe, have taken up an Opinion, that Dr. Po- 
cock was generally, if not univerfally, thus indeterminate : But how much they have wronged 
him herein, will be fhewn hereafter, when we come to form a Judgment of his Commenta- 
ries at large. 

This fame Year alfo Dr. Pocock publifhed his Commentary on Malachi, which, proceed- 
ing on the fame Principles, and being direded to the fame Ends with that on Micah, re- 
quires not a diftinft Confideration. Something, however, muft be faid concerning the Ap- 
pendix to this fecond Commentary, which feems to have been a Latin Sermon, or rather a 
Part of one preached before the Univerfity of Oxford, upon the Mefliah of the Jews, whom 
they call Ben Jofeph, of the Tribe of Ephraim : An Invention of theirs, long after our Saviour's 
Days, to anfwer fuch Predidlions in the Old Teftament, as will not agree with him, whom 
they call Meffiah Ben David. In this Difcourfe, our ProfefTor fhews the Novelty and Ab- 
furdity of this Notion of a two-fold Mefliah, and that Maimonides, one of their moft learned 
Rabbins, feems to have been afhamed of it, never once mentioning the Name of Ben Jofeph 
when he expounds the Prophecies concerning MefTiah, but adapting them either to David, or 
the MefTiah, who was to fpring from him. 

•> His Words are : To adjuft that of our laft defervedly approved Tranflation with the Original, J look on a* my 
main Bufinefs. Comm. on Hof. Chap. r. Ver. 2. p. 218. 

Vol. I. U It 



74 



The L I F E of 



I T was fome Allay to Dr. Pocock's Satisfaiflion, in having finiftied the above- m€nt!oned 
Conimejitaiies, that he had an Account of the Death of two Friends : One, and the PriiM-ipal 
of them, was the learned Dr. Thomas Greaves^ Brother to our Author's dear Friend, Mr. 
"yobn Greaves^ and often mentioned in this Hiftory j the other, Mr. Francis Vernon^ o( 
Cbrift-Cburch^ between whom and Dr. Pcccck many Letters piled, whilft the former refidid 
at Paris. This unhappy Gentleman afterwards travelling into Perfia, juft before he entered 
Spahan, was hurt in a Rencounter, upon a very trifling Occafion, and died of his Wounds in 
that City, two Days after. Intelligence of this came in a Letter from Mr. HuntingtoH^ dated 
it Aleppo, June i, 1677, 

The fame learned and pious Gentleman writes again to our Author, July the 4th of the 
following Year, thanking him for the Prefent of his Commentaries on Micah and Malachi. 
He adds, that he got the Samaritan Chronological Hiftory from them with much ado, and 
hoped likewife for a Comment on their Law -, of which Affair he had wrote at large to Dr. 
Marfhal. He concludes with an Account of the dreadful Havock made at that Time in 
the Levant by the Plague : At Smyrna there died 400 in a Day, and fome Places were <aid 
to be depopulated by it. 

H EN KT William Ludolph, Nephew to the (Amous J ol> Ludolph, Author of th.c /Ethio- 
pick Hiftory, then upon his Return from England to his Unkle in Germany, defires, by Let- 
ter, to carry what Commands Dr. Pocock had for that Country. Mr. Boyle had told him of 
the Correfpondence they had at Oxford with the Samaritans, at Sichem : Of which he dedres 
to carry fome Account to his Unkle ; and therefore prays an Anfwer to the following Quae- . 
rics; Whether there was an Anfwer fent from ^Oxford ? Of what Contents ? Who managed 
the Correfpondence ? In what Language ? By what Means it was conveyed, and If there came 
fince a fecond Letter from the Samaritans ? To all thefe he received fatisfaftory Anfwers, 
which encouraged the Unkle afterwards to addrefs Letters to the fame Sichemites, by a Por^ 
tuguefe Jew, that lived in their Neighbourhood, to which he received Anfwers, which he 
printed in the Year 1688, with a Latin Tranflation and Notes, adding thereto 3. Latin Ver- 
fion of the Letters from the fame People to Oxford. Soon after the Arrival of the younger 
Ludolpb at Frankfort, his Unkle wrote to Dr. Pocock a Letter of Thanks, for the Favours he 
had done his Nephew, during his late Refidence in England : And taking this Opportunity, 
he defires fome Jrabick Tranfcripts from Pxford, relating to the Mthiopick Hiftory, which 
he \Job Ludolpt^ was then preparing, and begs an Explanation of fome Paflages in the Doc- 
tor's Abul-Farai, and his Notes, thereiipoij, pertinent to the fame Purpofe. And left this 
Letter ftiou Id have mifcarried, he fent another about a Month after, repeating the principal 
Matters contain'd in the former, and adding thereto, one more Requeft, viz. to have an 
Arabick Manufcript in the Bodleian Library, mentioned by Mr. Selden, in his Uxor Hebraica^ 
tranfcribed and tranfmitted to him, for which, as well as the other Arabick Extrafts, he would 
thankfully pay the Tranfcriber. 

About this Time, Dr. Narcijfus Marfh, firft Fellow of Exeter -CoUege, and afterwards 
Principal of Alban-Hall in Oxford, and an intimate Friend of our Author's, was preferred to 
be Provoft of the College of Dublin, the fame who became Biftiop of Leighlin and FernZy 
and afterwards fucceftively Aichbifhop of Cafhiels, Dublin, and Armagh. He was himfelt 
eminently learned, and a great Encourager of Learning in others : After his Settlement at 
Dublin-Cdlfge, he wrote to Dr. Pocock, who either wanted Leifure to write, or elfe a good 
Opportunity to fend his Anfwer, till February in the Year i6^4» ^t which Time, he exprefled 
his great Want of Dr. Marfh's good Converfe and Company. As to Literary News, Dr. Po- 
CQck writes to his Friend in the following Manner : ' I look not abroad among the new Books ; 

* I have not fo much as feen Voffius's Tradt of his Sibyls, and fuch others as are with it; 
' but I am told, that he fpeaks therein Things that are derogatory to Rabbinical Learning 
' (but that matters not much, as for other Things) and particularly (which is magis dolendum) 
' to bring Difrefpeft and Contempt on the Hebrew Bible ; and all authoritative, without good 
' Proof or Reafon : And I hear, that by fome at Coffee-Meetings, it is cried up. It may 
' be fufpedted, that the Intention is to bring it into Doubt, whether we have any fuch 

* Thing, as a true Bible at all, which we may confide in, as God's Word. It is, I fee, by 
' fome wifhed, that the Verity of the Original Text might be vindicated from fuch fceptical 
' Arguments, by fome of Learning and Vigour, fuch as yourfelf. However, I doubt not, 

* but that, by God's Piovideop:, as the Hebrew Text hath hitherto ftood firm, fo it will 
' ftili ftand on itK own Bottom to wear out all AfTaults againft it, and be, what it always was, 

* received as the undoubted Word of God, when all the Arguments and Objedlions againft .it 

* are vanifti'd into Smoke.' ; • 
I HAVE been the larger in this Tranfcript for Reafons, which will appear hereafter. ! 
The fame Letter gives us Reafon to believe, that Dr. Pocock had no fooner publifhed his 

Commentaries on Micah and Malachi, but he turned his Thoughts upon that of Hofea, in 
which, at this Time, he appears to have made a confiderable Progrefs. ' If you afk, adds 
' he, what I am doing, I am now in the Prefs with the Conclufion of the fifth Chapter of 
' Hofea ; and, perhaps, the Beginning of the fixth muft be joined with it, to make up the 
' entire N n in the fecond Alphabet ; fo that what is already done, is longer than thofe 

* other 



Dr. E D W A R D P O C O C K. Ve 

' Other Commentaries of Micab and Malachi together, and, perhaps, is too long. I muft 

* be forced for a while to make a Paufe, and hope, if God give Life and Leave, to go over 
' the other Chapters in a (horter Way.' But the Doftor found himfelf in the End mif- 
taken: For the remaining, Chapters take up as much Room, in Proportion,, :}is.. the five 
firft did. '^'-'V :; ' -• .*! • ' 

To this Letter, Dr. Marjh wrote an Anfvver, dated April 17, 1680; in which he com- 
plains of the Want of new Books, occafioned by the Ignorance and Obftinacy of the Dublin 
Bookfellers. As to Dr. P(7fcc^'s Complaints againft 7/^^f Vojfms, and his Abettors, ' lam 
» very much grieved, replies Dr. Marjh, at what you fay concerning fome Mens Defign to 
» invalidate the Authority of the Hebrew Text, and thereby of all the Old Teftament. And 

* certainly, it would not be hard to make them fenfible of their Error (if not Ignorance 
' therein) and retraft : But fuch a Work will never be undertaken by any Man of ordinary 

* Modefty, whilft you live, if you do it not yourfelf : And certainly, were it not for the 

* other Work, wherein you are engag'd, you would find it a hard Matter to refift ail the 

* Importunity, that would be made ufe of to that Purpofe.' After this, he propofes a Cri- " 
tical Expofition of his own upon James v. 1 2 . defiring our Author's Opinion about it : He 
alfo puts a Querie to him, what might be the Ground of the Rabbins {Ben Gerfom efpeciaily) 
fuppofing Phinehas to be El'tas. 

O N the 29th of this fame Month, Dr. MarJh writes again to our Profeflbr, chiefly on the 
fame Subjeft, but more largely, than in the former: And as I truft the Reader will not be 
difpleafed to have the fedate Thoughts of fo great a Man, on a Subjedt of great Importance, 
I will lay the Whole of ic here before him. 

' I F I N D, Dr. Foffnis's laft, as well as former Books, have not done much Cood (I wifti 

* they have not done the contrary) here: We have not many, that can judge of the Ori- 

* ginal ; but I hope to breed up good Store that Way, fince we have an Hebrew Profeffor's 

* Place lately fettled on the College, to which Ledture I make all the Bachelors of Arts 

* attend, and be examined thrice every Week, and they are likewife to be publickly exami- 

* ned in Hebrew, before they can take their Degree of Mafter in Arts, which I fometimes do 

* myfelf. I fay, I think, we have not many in the whole Kingdom, that can judge of the 

* Original Hebrew ; and therefore, whatfoever Dr. Vqjjius fays, becaufe his Name is Vqffius, 

* ipfe dixit, is enough to make it be believed •, which feems to me the more infufferable, be- 

* caufe they cannot, or elfe will not make any Diftinftion between Gerard and Ifaec Voffiui, 

* nor confider, which Way a Man's Talent lies, and whether he deals in a Subjed, which he 

* can mafter, or in one that matters him : If they would do but thus much, I believe, ipf£ 

* dixit, would quickly ftand for nothing, and that Ifaac would not long pride himfelf with 

* the Plumes, wherewith Gerard's Fame has adorned him. Sir, I make the fame Wifties and 

* Prayers with you, and have the felf-fame Hope, that God will raife up fome able Man to 

* vindicate (I may fay) his own Caufe: But I muft add, that all Mens Eyes are fixt upon 

* you; and I dare fay, none will have the Confidence to think of putting Pen to. Paper on 

* fuch a Defign, whilft you live.' ;-,-rrtr-: -.nvO a 

To both thefe Letters, the Profeflbr made Anfwer, the firft of tne following September, 
having then juft returned to Oxford, after an Abfence of fome Weeks, at his Son-in-Law 
Emes's, in Surrey. To Dr. Marjh's Rabbinical Queries he replies very particularly -, but as 
to his Expofition of James v. 12, he only fays, that it feems very ingenious, but that he 
dare not interpofe his Judgment concerning it. He greatly approves, both in this and his 
next Letter, of Dr. Marjh's Defigns for promoting Religion and Learning in Ireland ; but 
takes not the leaft Notice in either, of his Intimation, that the World expeded from him an 
Anfwer to Vqffius de Sibyllis, unlefs he intended, as a tacit Excufe from that Service, what 
he fays of the flow Progrefs he made in commenting on Hofea, owing, to what he calls the 
Larincfs of his Age, and other Inabilities. 

On the 24th of May, 1681, Mr. Huntington, from Aleppo, acquaints Dr. Pocock, that he 
had been in Egypt, where he had in vain fearched after liabbi Tanchum's Pieces. Abu-Wand's 
Diftionary he had met with, under his own Hand, as was pretended, which was tranfcrib- 
ing -, as alfo a Book of the Karaim Jews, which he hoped to receive from Cairo. It fhould 
feem, that our ProfefTor, in his laft Letter to Mr. Huntington, had given an Account to him 
of Vojfius de Sibyllis ; concerning which, in the Conclufion of the Letter before us, he an- 
fwers thus : ♦ 

•■ ' I HAVE not feen Vojfms de Sibyllis; but to decry the Hebrew Text has long been his 

* Defign and PraAice : And it is a great while fince Huljius and Horn have taken Notice of 
' it -, but I am no Judge of the Controverfy. Whilft Men fpeak and fight too not for 

* Truth, but Vidory, we may well expedt heterodox Opinions and feditious Aftions.' 

"'• After -what has been faid of Dr. Pocock's and his Friends Indignation againft the above- 
mentioned Piece of Ifaac V<ffius, and the Expeftation of Mankind, that the Profeflbr, being 
the firft Man in the World for Knowledge in thefe Matters, would appear an Advocate for 
the Hebrew Text, againft the confident Aflaults of that Writer, it may feem wonderful, that 
he neither undertook the Service, nor excufed himfelf to his Friends, who modeftly incited 
him thereto, but at the fame Time earneftly wiftied to fee him engaged in the Controverfy : 
2 But 



76 



Tlic LIFE of 



But for his Condiift in both thefc Refpefts, nuny Reafons may be afligiied. As to his not 
entring avowedly into this Difpute, his natural Averfion to Polemick Writing, had there 
been no other Hindrance, would alone account for it : And when to this we add his great 
Age, (being then not more than three Years (hort of Eighty) it will hardly be deemed a. 
Wonder, that he, who in his Youth and Vigour had always avoided Controverfy, rtiould not 
chufe to begin fuch troublefonie Work in his old Age. His clofe Attention to the Commen- 
tary on Hofia might be urged, as a third Impediment to an Ingagement of this Kind : He had 
then but half finiflied that Defign, and his Time of Life atlmoniflied him to avoid every 
Interruption thereto. What he had hitherto done in it coft him three or four Years, and 
the ufual Courfe of Nature forbad him to hope for more tLin fo many to come : Common 
Prudence, therefore, would reftrain a Man, under all thefc Circumftances, from digreffing 
into new Employment. Befides this, I am of Opinion, that if none of thefe Reafons had 
ftood in Dr. Pocock's Way, there were DifcouragcmentS arifing from the Pcrfon, he muft have 
oppofed, and the Nature of the Caufe he was to defend, which would have deterr'd him 
from being diredtly concerned therein. Ifaac Fojfius, though very learned in his Way, was 
a Man of ftrong Paflions, and not over-patient of Contradidlion. Could, therefore. Dr. Po- 
cock have prevailed on himfelf to debate publickly a Point of great Importance, both to Re- 
ligion and Learning, with a cool and candid Adverfary, he knew himfelf too well, to enter 
the Lifts, on any Occafion, againft one of a different Difpofition. Befides, the Warmth and 
Honcfty of his grateful Mind would at any Time have made him loth to put on the ur>- 
fricndly Appearance of a declared Adverfary to the Son of his old and infinitely efteemed 
Patron, Gerard Fqffius ; for whofe Sake he preferved a great Regard to his Son IfaaCi though 
greatly difapproving many of his Sentiments : Infomuch, that when Dr. Pocock's eldeft Son 
.vifited Leydetii he had his Father's exprefs Commands to wait on Dr. f^qftus there, as we have 
It under his own Hand, in a Letter to Mr. Smith. Laftly, the Controverfy itielf, through 
the Prejudices and Paflions of Men, on both Sides, became of fo delicate a Nature, that it 
was difficult even for a Man of Judgment and Temper to enter into it, without difpleafing 
all Parties. On the one Hand, the Men of Vojfms's Sentiments could be fatisfied with no- 
thing {hort of giving up the Hebrew Text, as corrupt, and fetting up the Septuagint TranP 
lation, as the only pure Canon of the Old Teftament Scripture ; which, it appears. Dr. Pocock 
could by no Means approve of, having declared againft it, as an Hypothefis, that would 
deftroy the Certainty of the Jewijh Scriptures. On the other Hand, the Partifans for the 
Hebrew Verity were not to be fatisfied with a Defence of the Hebrew Text, in a reafonable 
Sort, as to all its Effentials : To pleafe them, even the Accents in the Maforetick Text 
muft be infifted on, as of Divine Appointment, and coasval with the Text itfelf j whilft the 
Greek of the LXX was to have no Mercy nor Quarter, but to be deemed a Tranflation 
originally bad, and, by frequent Tranfcribing, become fo corrupted, as to be of no Certainty 
nor Ufe. But our Author was not difpofed to give into either of thefe Points ; he rightly 
judged it, therefore, moft expedient not direftly to ingage in a Difpute, wherein, after infinite 
Difquiet to himfelf, he found no Way to pleafe either Side ; and yet, as we ftiall find anon, 
he took a Courfe to apprize the World of his Sentiments in the main Parts of this Contro- 
verfy, and to convince Vqffius and his Adherents, if they were not hardened againft all Con- 
vidtion, that the Hebrew Text was fairly defenfible, and not at fo great a Diftance from their 
fevourite Greek Tranflation, as they were wont to imagine. In order thereto, in his Com- 
mentaries on Hofea and Joeh he entered more largely and more frequently into the Difcuffion 
of the feeming Differences between the Hebrew Text and the Septuagint Tranflation, than he 
had done in his two former Commentaries, reconciling them, without Prejudice done to either. 
Happy had it been for the Truth, if others, who oppofed the Extravagancies of Voffms, had 
obferved the fame Decorum and Judgment with our Author ; if, like him, they had defended 
the Maforetick Text, without giving up the LXX Verfion : Particularly Father Simon % who, 
whether from fecret Scepticifm, or a Defign of reducing us to a Neceffity of admitting the Au- 
thority of his Church, as the Bafis of revealed Religion, made free with all the Originals of the 
Bible in their Turn, the authorized Latin Verfion not excepted, and oppofed the IVanflation 
of the Seventy, without defending the Hebrew Text from any other, fave wilful Corrup- 
tion. Among others, who have given our Profeffor his juft Praifes, for conciliating the He- 
brew and the Septuagint, in his Porta Mofts and his Commentaries, I muft have Leave to 
make particular Mention of the very learned Dr. Lee, in his admirable Prolegomena to that 
Tome of Dr. Grabe'i Septuagint, which contains the Hiftorical Books, Chapter the firft. 
There, proceeding upon the moderate Sentiments of Bifliop Walton, Bifliop Pearfon, and Dr. 
' Pocock, he has laid down Rules, by the due Obfervance of which, all Controverfies between 
the Zealots for Hebrew Verity, on the one Hand, and the Septuagint Verfion on the other, 
may be happily extinguiflaed, and thofe facred Treafures may be rendered each beneficial to the 
other, and to the Caufe of Chriftianity in general. 

In July this Year, 1681, Dr. Pocock, in a Letter to Dr. Marjh, acknowledges the Re-, 
ceipt of his Letter and Book of Logick, then publiflied by him, continuing to complain of 

' In his Critical Hiftory of the Old Teftament. 



Dr. E D W A R D P O C O C K. 



71 



the flow Progrefs of his Commentary on Hofea, and of its Prolixity, neither of which, as 
Things flood with him, would admit of a Remedy. 

I N ORober following, Andreas Arnoldus, a German, then in London, writes to our Profef- 
for a particular Account of a Work printed at Vienna, the Year before, by Francis a Mefgnien 
Meninjki, Knight of the Holy Sepulchre at Jerufalem, Counfellor, and firft Interpreter to his 
Imperial Majefty : It was partly a Lexicon of the 'Turkijh, Arabick, and Perjick Languages, 
and partly Grammars to all thofe Tongues. 

The next Year Mr. Huntington returned from Aleppo, and gave Dr. Pocock the good 
News of his fafe Arrival at Paris, in a Letter dated thence, June the 27th, where he had 
the Pleafure to meet two old Friends, Sir Richard Graham, then created Lord Prefton, and 
Embaflador at the French Court from the King of England, and Mr. Wigan, his Lordfhip's 
Chaplain, a very good, as well as a very learned Man. He recounts, with a truly Chriftian 
Concern, the Perfecution then begun againft the Proteftants of that Country, and adds, that 
he forefaw fome untoward Refolutions would be taken about them, from an Agreement 
made among the Bifhops, to fummon all the Minifters in their feveral Diocefes, and exad an 
Account of them, for their refufing the Catholick Aflemblies ; though by feveral Edidts they 
have been exempted from all Epifcopal Vifitations and Jurifdidion. 

In this fame Month 'Dr. George Hooper, formerly mentioned, wrote to the Profeflor on 
the following Occafion : He had formed fome learned and curious Conjedlures, concerning the 
Bleffing of the Patriarchs, in the 49th Chapter of Genefis ; wherein chiefly, by the Help of 
the Arabick Tongue, he difcovered the Blefling beftowed on each Patriarch, to be couched in 
his Name; defirous he was to have Dr. Pocock's Judgment on this Performance, which, ac- 
cording to his ufual Modefty, he himfelf held in fmall Efteem : Nor did he prevail on him- 
felf to have it publifhed, till a little before his Death, which happened in the Year 1727, 
forty-five Years after the Date of this Letter •, then he put it into the Hands of the Reve- 
rend and Learned Mr. Hunt, now the worthy Profeflor of Arabick in the Univerfity of 
Oxford, who, according to the Bifliop's Dire6tions, printed it with a Preface and Notes, col- 
Jefted out of the Arabick Manufcripts in the Bodleian Library. The whole Impreflion con- 
fifted but of 100 Copies, defigned chiefly for Friends, and the Expence of it was defrayed 
by Mrs. Prowfe, the Bifliop's Daughter. I fliall only add, that, in this Letter, Dr. Hooper 
owns the Proftflbr's Favour to him, whilft he was learning the Arabick Tongue, and mo- 
deftly takes Shame to himfelf, for not having made a fuitable Proficiency therein : A Particu- 
lar, which ftrengthens the Probability of my former Conjefcure, that this was the anonymous 
young Man, whom Bifliop Mcrley recommended to Dr. Pocock's Direftion, in the Study of 
the Oriental Languages. 

Dr. Loft us, of Ireland, wrote to our Profeflor, April 19, 1683, acquainting him, that 
he had lately met with a panegyrical Oration upon Abul-Pharaji (whofe Hiftory of the 
Dynafties Dr. Pocock had publiflied twenty Years before) written by Diojitorus, Bifliop of Ga- 
karlo, and a Contemporary of his, which clears him from the Imputation of Apoftafy ; that 
in this Panegyrick was recited a Catalogue of Abul-Pharajt^s Works, which he fends in- 
clofed. He adds, that he was now tranflating this Panegyrick, with an Intent to pub- 
lifli it. 

I N the Month following, Mr. Strype (fince well known to the W^orld, by having written 
the Lives of the four firft Proteftant Archbifliops, and the Annals of the twelve firft Years 
of Queen Elizabeth's Reign) acquaints Dr. Pocock by Letter, with the Defign of reprinting 
Dr. Ligbtfoot's Englijh Works in one Volume, in Folio ; and that they waited only for fome 
Manufcript Pieces and Letters of his, which were to be joined therewith, befeeching him, if 
any fuch were in his Hands, to communicate them to him. 

About this Time Dr. Huntiyigton, through the Recommendation of Bifliop Fi?// to the 
Duke of Ormond, was preferred to the Provoftfliip of Dublin-College, which was become va- 
cant by Dr. Marjh's Promotion to the See of Leighlin and Ferns : A nd from thence, on the 
a9th of May, in the next Year, he anfwered a Letter of Dr. Pocock's, dated the 1 3th of the 
foregoing February. He informs his old and dear Friend, that P. Agathangelo, his Corre- 
fpondent at Bajfora, had purchafed for him, the two Books of the Sabians or Mendteans ; one 
of which, according to the fabulous Tradition of that Country, was given by God to Adam j 
the other, to John the Son of Zechariah ; that there was a third paid for, but not yet re- 
ceived, which was given to the Angels 33000 Years before the Creation of Adam. ' But, 
' adds Dr. Huntington, to what Purpofe am I at all this Expence, if none of you will make 
' out the Language ? Therefore, pray, Dodior, think of it once again ; for I will fend Dr. 
' Piques' s Papers to you once more, becaufe I know not a likelier OEdipus to unriddle this 
* Sphinx.' This Dr. Piques was a learned Sorbonift, who, the Year before, had wrote a long 
Letter to Dr. Huntington upon the Subjeft of the Sabian or Mendaan Language, and his Con- 
jedures about it ^ 

Vol. L X JANUARY 

■I In two of F. Agatliangelo'* Letters to Dr. Huntington, we have the following Account of thefe Sabians or 
Mcndxans : That tiiey unjullly afliiine to themfelves the Name of Chriftian, deferving rather to be efteemed a 
Tribe of uncircumcifed Jews ; that if ever the equivocal Denomination of Chriftian belonged to them, on the Ac- 

/ . . count 



78 : ,) vThc L I F E of 

JANUARY the 3d, of this fame Year, Dr. John Moore, then Chaplain to Lord Chan- 
cellor Notlingbam, and afterwards fucceflively Bifhop of Norwich and £/y, defired, by Letter, 
of Dr. Pecock, the Refolution of a Queftion (which, he {ays, he muft hope for from him, 
or from No-body) viz. Whether there be more Evidence, than the Affirmation of the 
Arabian in Dr. fVa/lis's Arithmetick, by Dr. Pocock tranflated, that the ^Egyptian OEba, which 
is believed to be the Efba, was the fixth Part of the Egyptian Ardol; which v/as the Cube of 
their Cubit ? 

Db. Loflus, of Dublin, m Sept ember, 1685, having compared the Variations of Dr. Hun- 
tington's Syriack Abul-Pharaji from Dr. Pocock's Arabick, gave him fome Particulars of them, 
in a Letter, and at the fame Time acquaints him, that he had lately met with that Arabick 
Writer's Ecclefiaftical Hiftory, which he had tranflatcd, and put to the Prefs in Dublin. 

This Year alfo was made publick Dr. Pocock's large and laborious Commentary on the 
Prophecy of Ilofea, which he dedicated to his old Friend Bifhop Fell, being, as he tells him 
in the Epiftle dedicatory, firft committed to the Prefs by his Lordlhip's Encouragement. He 
prefixed likewife a Preface to this Commentary, the chief Defign whereof was to account for 
and excufe the extraordinary Length of it : Certain it is, that no one Thing contributed fo 
much to fwell tlie Work, as the Defence therein made, for the Purity of the Hebrew Text, 
againft the Objedlions raifed from the Difagreement of the Greek or Septuagint, the Vulgar 
Latin, and the Cbaldee Paraphrafe, therewith. He had in the former Commentaries, as well 
as in" this on Hofea, left no particular Paflage unexplained ; he had taken in every Help for 
literal Expofition from Jewijh and Chriftian Commentators and Grammarians ; he had quoted 
Tranflations, as well ancient as modern j but he had not therein fo frequently, and with fuch 
fet Purpofe, confidered the Differences between the Chaldee, the Vulgar iMtin, and more 
cfpecially between the Septuagint and the Hebrew Text. The late repeated Attempts oi Ifaac 
Vcjfius, to depreciate, or rather to decry that venerable Original, as well as thofe of Capellus, 
now made it neceflary to be large and fpecial in guarding the Maforetick Text from the 
Charge of various Readings, which thofe learned Men were ready and glad to fuggeft, upon 
every feeming Difference between it and the ancient Tranflations and Paraphrafes. Some may 
think our Author went too far, in fuppofing, that the Hebrew Text was always, and in every 
Particular, read as it is at prefent ; but if he err'd in this, he certainly err'd on the right Side, 
it being fafer to fuppofe the Original Hebrew utterly uncorrupt, than to call its Purity in 
Queftion fo oft as Capellus and Vojftus did. Befides, the Obftinacy and Unreafonablenefs of 
Gainfayers often drive even wife and good Men into too great Lengths of Oppofition, and 
the ill Ufe that is made of juft Conceffions, when we have to do with contentious Adverik- 
ries, makes it feem advifable to forbear them, and to put the Proof of fome Things upon 
them, which we fhould never difpute with more candid and better-minded Opponents. To 
this we may add, that the Knowledge of Biblical Hebrew being that Part of Literature, in 
which Dr. Pocock chiefly excelled, and in which he moft delighted, it is the lefs to be won- 
dered at, if he was prejudiced in Favour of it, efpecially, confidering likewife, that Hebrew 
Verity was the prevailing Opinion of the Times, in which he was educated, and was then 
thought by moft Proteftants, eflential to the Interefts of the Reformation. But after all, 
perhaps he needs no Apology in this Refpedt. The great Succefs of his Attempts to recon- 
cile the Hebrew and the Septuagint Verfion, without Recourfe to the Suppofition of various 
Readings in the Original Text, manifeft in the Notes on the Porta Mofis, and his Commen- 
taries, efpecially the two laft, would make one hope, that no feeming Difference between 
thofe venerable Books would have been too hard for him and his conciliatory Scheme, had he 
been at Leifure to purfue it thro' the whole Old Teftament. 

I T has been Matter of great Pleafure to me, and, I doubt not, to others alfo, to obferve, 
that Dr. Pocock's Zeal for the Purity of the prefent Hebrew Text, even when moft ftirr'd by 
the intemperate Oppofition of Ifaac VoJJius, never provoked him to depreciate the Septuagint, to 
which that learned Man fhowed fo violent a Partiality. He well knew the Regard that was 
on many Accounts due to that famous Verfion : Its great Antiquity, and the Nearnefs of its 
Authors to the Times when Hebrew was a living Language, fhould, at leaft, fcreen it from 
h^fty and contemptuous Cenfure. But above all, the Ufe made of it in the Scriptures of the 
New Teftament, and the firft Ages of the Church, ought to make every learned Chri- 
ftian treat it with Decency, if not with Reverence. Had it been originally fo vicious a 
Tranflation, as fome Writers, even in cool Blood, have delighted to call it, how came it 
to pafs, that the Apoftles and Evangelifts fo often argue for the Connexion of the Gofpel 
■^ I with 

count of fome Chriftian Sj'mbols and Obfervances, they are now degenerated from all Appearance of Chriftianity. 
Their principal Books are three : The firft they call Sahaf Adam, which our firft Father Adam, according to 
them, received immediately froni God ; the fecond, Sahaf Hieahie, i. e. the Son of Zechariah, which he re- 
ceived of God; the third they call Divan, which exceeds, the others much in Bulk, but is equally efteemed by 
the Seft. They are jealous of thefe Books getting into other Hands, and, tho' extremely covetous, are hardly 
prevailed on to have them tranfcribed, or to part with them for Money, unlefs driven thereto by the moft preffing 
Want. They have no written Grammar, and their Ptefbyters teach the Knowledge of thefe Books by Word of 
Mouth only : Their Idiom differs not much from the Hebrew and the Syriack. The Remains of this Seft are 
found »t or near Baflbra, a populous tad uadiog Port, at the Mouth of the Euphrates, in the Perfian Gulph. See 
Huntington's Ep. p. 82, 83, &c. 



Dr. EDWARD POCOCK. 



n 



•with the Old Teftament, as it ftands in the Septuagint VetCion. yerom*s Salvo^ that the 
Verlion of the LXX, with all its Faults, was therefore ufed, becaufe it was already in the 
Hands of the Hellcnijlick Jews., thouglLlt has-been a thoufand Times urged in Difputes of 
this Kind, is far from fatisfying this important Quaery : For St. Matthew, in his Gofpel, 
without Regard to the CIrcumftances of the Helletiiftsy oft makes a Greek Tranflation of hi& 
own, and fo, doubtlefs, would all the other Sacred Penmen have done, if the Greek of the 
LXX had been fo corrupt, as fome pretend. How eafy had it been, when the Gift of 
Tongues was fo common in the Church, for one or more infpired Perfons to have drawn up 
a new Verfion for the Ufe of fuch, as did not underftand the original Language of the Old 
Teftament, which was the Cafe of the Generality of Chriftians, both in the Apoftolical and 
fucceeding Ages, and not to have left an important Part of the Scripture Canon to them in 
fo bad' a Condition, as the Greek of the LXX is by fome reprefented to be. They had little 
to fear from the Fondnefs of the Hellenift Jews, for their accuftomed Verfion, it being ab- 
furd to fuppofe, that the fame Authority which reconciled them to the Abrogation of the 
Law, would be infufficlent to recommend a new Verfion of it. In a Word, the feeming Diflfe- 
rences between the Hebrew Text, and the Tranflation we are fpeaking of, are fcarce wider 
any where, than in fome Paflages cited thence in the New Teftament •, which fhould incline 
us to be fparing of our Cenfures, on Account of fuch Variations, and to think the LXX, at 
leaft in general, a found and ufeful Verfion. For thefe and fuch like Reafons, Dr. Pocock 
laboured, in his two latter Commentaries, to reconcile the Hebrew Text with that anciently-re- 
ceived Tranflation, as the moft effedtual Means to vindicate the Purity of the former, and to 
remove the dangerous Prejudices, that too many had entertained againft the latter. The 
Principles, on which he proceeded in this Attempt, were of inconteftable Truth in themfelves, 
and applied by him with great Learning and Judgment ; and they were chiefly thefe three : 
Firji, That the prefent LXX Tranflation is in many Places corrupted : zdly. That the Au- 
thors of that Verfion did not always defign it to be literal : '^dly. That they often followed 
fuch Acceptations of Hebrew Words, as are now no longer known, and are irretrievable, 
without the Help of the Arabkk and Syriack Tongues, between which and the Hebrew there 
is a manifeft Affinity. Happy would it have been for the Chriftian and Learned World, if 
Dr. Pocock had been at Leifure to execute this conciliatory Scheme on the other Parts of the 
Old Teftament. Scarce any one ever vvas, or perhaps ever will be, fo comp!eatly qualified 
for the Work, as he Was: But whofoever ftiall undertake, and in good Meafure fucceed 
therein, will deferve the Thanks and Bleflings of all fober and intelligent Men. 

But to return from this long Digreflion : No fooner was our Author's Commentary on 
Hofea feen by his Friends, but he received their moft ample Thanks and Encomiums. Two Let- 
ters more efpecially, from Ireland., were filled with Commendations of the Performance ; the firft 
came from Dr. Huntington, who, after acquainting Dr. Pocock, that he had received his learned 
Commentary on Hofea, and delivered Prefents of the fame to the Biftiop o? Ferns and Leighlin., 
and Dr. Lofcus, writes thus : ' Each Man fpeaks for himfelf, but none of us fo much as it 
' defervesv no, not the Dodor himfelf, [Dr. Loft US'] tho' he fhould employ all his Tongues 

* (and I think they talk of twenty) in its Commendation.* In a Poftfcript to his Letter, 
Dr. Huntington writes thus : ' I hear nothing of your Son's Arabick Hiftory, which you once 
' told me he had put into the Prefs, with his Verfion of the fame. If it be confined there^ 

* let me know what will bring it for^h into the open Air, and you fliall have the Money, 
' as foon as you let me know the Sum.' This Performance of Mr. Edward Pocock, our 
Author's eldeft Son, was unfiniflied at the Prefs, when his Father died -, and was withdrawn 
thence by him, fome little Time after, upon a Difguft at his being difappointed of fucceeding 
his Father in the Hebrew Profeflbrfliip : The Copy, as much of it as was then printed, and 
the Manufcript Hiftory, js now in the Hands of Mr. Pocock's Son, the prefent Reftor of 
Minall in Wiltfhire. Dr. Loftus in fuller Terms exprefles his Gratitude for the Prefent of 
■what he calls Dr. Pocock*^ moft learned and elaborate Commentary on the difficult Prophecy 
of Hofea ; h? adds as follows : ' Never did Criticifm more triumph in its Grandeur and Uti- 
' lity, than in your Expofition of that Prophecy, which you handle in fo accurate a Manner, 

* as to avoid the proverbial Cenfure on vulgar Commentators, who, when they come to an hard 

* Place, flcip it over, or by too largely handling the Text, become tedious ; whereas you, 
' omitting nothing that is requifite, nor enlarging upon any Thing, fo as to be burdenfome, 

* are not to be taxed with either of the Extreams : For there feems to be nothing in that 

* Prophecy, which you do not give very good Account of, nor is there any Thing in the 

* Account you give of it, but what is excellently profitable, and no Way tedious ; for after 

* your Examination of all various Opinions touching each Part of that Prophecy, you con- 

* dude with your own, in a perfed Certainty, or in the greateft Probability, feldom omitting 

* a Recital of the Opinions of other great Authors, pr your Judgment of them, to the ple- 

* nary Satisfadion of all thofe, who are Matters in Criticifm.' I have tranfcribed thus much 
from Dr. Loftus^ to let the World fee, what fo great a Mafter of Languages and Sacred Phi- 
lology thought of the Commentary on Hofea, and how little Room there is for the Cenftire, 
which fome have pafiTed on it, that the Author feldom gives us his own Judgment, after 
reciting the various Opinions of other Expofi tors 5 whereas, I think, I may fafely pronounce, 

I that 



8o :i D ' The LIFE of - d .-.i 

that to one Inftance of this Kind, throughout his Commentary, 'diere are twenty of the 
contrary, viz, in which he either abfolutely gives his own Judgmelit, or at leaft manifeftly 
inclines to one Expofition or Interpretation, rather than another. * 

I N June of the following Year, Mr. Samuel Thomas, from Chard, writes his Thanks to 
br. Pocock for his Prefent of the Commentary on Hofea, and at the fame Time propofes a 
new Tranflation of Jer. xxiii. 6, the famous Paflage on whicA the Notion of imputed Righ- 
teoufnefs, is chiefly founded by thofe, who efpoufe it : Inftead of his Name Jhall be called the 
Lord our Righteoufnefs, Mr. Thomas would have it rendered. And this is the Name, which 
the Lord Jhall call him., our Righteoufnefs : For which Change he there alfo gives his 
Reafon. 

From this Time forward. Dr. P(?f(Jf^'s Correfpondence grew more con traded, which was 
owing to feveral Caufes ; one and the principal was, that Writing became exceeding trouble- 
fome to him, through a Palfy in his Hand, which drinking of Coffee, to which he had ufed 
himfelf ever fince his Rcfidence in the Eaft, firft brought upon him, and which increafed, as he 
advanced more in Years : This made his Friends fparing in their Letters, bccaufe they knew his 
Civility was fuch, as would not fufFer him to be behind Hand with his learned Correfpondents, 
whatever Pain or Trouble it coft him to anfwer their Queries. Another Caufe was, the 
Troubles which foon followed in Ireland, the Hurry of the Revolution at home, with the War 
that broke out abroad in Confequence of it •, all which brought on an Interruption of Corre- 
fpondence between Dr. Pocock and his Friends in Ireland, and in foreign Parts. Some Let- 
ters however pafled, between the prefent Time, and that of our Author's Death, the moft 
confiderable of which are as follows. 

In the Year 1687, Dr. Pocock wrote to his old Friend the Provoft of Dublin, Dr. Hun- 
tington, and from this Letter it appears, that he had begun his Comment on Joel, and that 
he then enjoyed a good Meafure of Health. 

In the following January, i68y, Y)t. Whitby, then ingaged in the Popifh Controverfy, 
confulted the Profeflbr upon the Priefts and Judges fpoken of in Deuteronomy, chap. xvii. 
who were to determine hard Controverfies, and to whofe Judgment the People were to ftand 
under Pain of Death, putting feveral Queftions to him thereupon ; all which were learnedly 
anfwered by our Author. 

I N April the fame Year, John Betts, of Lime-Jlreet in London, defired of Dr. Pocock the 
Solution of a Difficulty from Avenzoar, as he is cited by Shenkius, in his Colleftions de 
Febribus. 

From this Time to the 14th of October, 1690, we fee no Traces of that Correfpon- 
dence, which had now for 60 Years been held between our Author and his learned Friends," 
both at home and abroad ; and the laft we have of this Sort was one of the Date above- 
mentioned, from Dr. Dudley Loftus, of Dublin. In this Letter, that learned and noble Per- 
fon, on Occafion of Sixtus Senenjis's faying in his Bibliotheca, that the whole laft Chapter of 
St. Mark was an Addition to the Gofpel, fhows how the Armenian Copy concluded that 
Gofpel, which took in the laft Chapter to the End of the 8th Verfe, and he affirms, that 
by the beft Search he could make, no more of that Chapter was ever wanting in any Copy, 
than from the 8th Verfe exclufive. He further acquaints our Author, how he had fpent his 
Time, during their late Troubles in Ireland, viz. in tranflating eight Syriack Liturgies, each 
of which they call Anaphora, into Latin. He adds, that he had alfo tranflated the ^thiopick 
Liturgy into Latin, though already tranflated by a Romanifi, that he might fliew what abo- 
minable Falfities thofe of that Religion endeavour to impofe upon this ignorant World : Be- 
fldes thefe, he had tranflated the ancient Form of Prayer, ufed in the primitive Church, for 
the Cure of Difeafes ; v.hich, though printed at Rome, in the Time of Pope Paul the Third, 
had not hitherto been tranflated. All thefe he intended to print fl:iortly, with an Elucidary 
upon them. ^ 

Much about the fame Time, if I conjefture right, Eufebius Renaudot entertained a De- 
fign not much unlike this, which fome Years after he executed, of publifhing a Colledtion of 
all the Oriental Liturgies, as alfo a diftinft Work, De Fide, Moribus & Injiitutis Orientalium 
Chrijtianorum : Of this Intention of his, Renaudot informed Dr. Pocock, in a Letter to himi 
without a Date, but as appears from fome Circumftances in it, not long before his Death. 
In this Epiftle the Writer profefles a very high Efteem for our Author, defires the Liberty of 
confulting him in all the Doubts, that ftiould occur in preparing the Works above-mentioned, 
and promifes, in Return for this Favour, to make a publick Acknowledgment of it, and to 
preferve a perpetual Memory of the Obligation. It is highly probable, that Death prevented 
Dr. Pocock from giving any Affiftance to Renaudot in thefe Defigns -, but I am forry to fay, 
that the Treatment th.at learned Perfon has given to the Memory of our Author has not been 
confiftent with the Expreffions of Refped for him, with which this Letter abounds. For 
when he came to publifli his Colleftion of Eaftern Liturgies, forgetting his own Profeffions, 
and the Duty of a Gentleman, a Scholar, and, above all, of a Chriftian, he goes out of his 
Way, in the End of his Preface, to reproach him with a Miftake, which, perhaps, was the 
only one which could be faftned upon his Writings, though Renaudot, as above-mentioned, 
had, without good Grounds, charged him with another i but the Abbot's Zeal againft Pro- 
: ' X - teftants 



Dr. E D W A R D P O C O C K. St 

teftants got the better of his Candour, and though he could treat the Learned amongft thenl 
with Civility in a private Way, it was not, as it fhould feem, advifeable to obferve fuch Mea- 
{ures with them in the Eye of the World. 

The next Year, 1691, Dr. Pocock publifhed his Commentary on the Prophecy of Joel, 
to which, befides the Dedication to the then Bifhop of Exeter, Sir Jonathan 'Trelawney, he 
prefixed a Preface, the chief Defign of which was, to give an Account of the Draught or 
Scheme of the Area of the Temple, and the different Parts thereof, which he had procured 
to be engraven, and which immediately follows the Preface : It was taken from an ancient 
MS. of Maimonides, as old as that Rabbi's own Times. 

The Method of this Commentary being the fame with that on Hofea, I have no Occafion 
to fpeak particularly to it. One Thing more it may be proper to obferve, that tho' the chief 
Intention of our Author, in thefe Commentaries, was to aflert the Purity of the Hebre-aJr 
Text, and the Juftnefs of our authorized Englijh Tranflation, yet he was not inflexibly rigid 
in either of thefe Points : With Refped to the former, though he feems in general unwilling 
to admit that, at the Time when the Seventy made their Verfionj there were various Read- 
ings in the Hebrew Text, yet he fometimes allows it to be a probable, though not a heceflary 
Suppofition. And I am much miftaken, if the Places referred to in the Notes '-will not 
juftify this Aflertion. As to the latter, the Juftnefs of our authorized Englijh Tranflation, 
his good Opinion of it, as reprefenting the literal Senfe of the Original Text, does not always 
hinder him from owning, that better Renditions might have been found. The References at 
the Bottom will direft the Reader to two Places, ' where fuch Conceflions are to be met withj 
and probably there are more, which have efcaped my Obfervation. "' 

Whether Dr. Pocock intended a Commentary on any other of the lefler Prophets, t 
cannot learn; but if he did. Death prevented him, which happened on the loth of Septem- 
ber in this Year. A gradual Decreafe of Strength and bodily Vigour, for fome Time before, 
were fure Indications of a Diflblution ; but his Parts continued found, and his Memory but 
little impaired, to the very laft. His only Diftemper was great old Age, which hindered him 
not, even the Night before he died, from praying with his Family, as his Cufl:om had always 
been, in the excellent Forms of our Church. 

Thus died this mofl: pious, learned, and venerable Man, when he iVanted but two 
Months of compleating the 87th Year of his Age, after having been for many Years con- 
fefledly the firft Perfon in Europe for Eaftern Learning, and not lefs remarkable for Humanity 
and Modefty, than for Profoundnefs of Erudition. How it came to pafs, that Merit fo great 
and fo confpicuous met with no higher Rewards, has already in Part been accounted for. 
Dr. Pocock was a Stranger to thofe Arts, by which the Ambitious wind themfelves into the 
Affeftions of Princes and Minifl:ers of State, chufing no other Way to be known to the 
World, but by being ilfeful and exemplary in his Profefllon ; and it is feldom found, that 
Merit and Modefty are forced out of their Retirements into Dignities and Diftinftion. Indeed, 
the Preferments he died poflefled of, either fell to him by Courfe of Seniority, or were pro* 
cured for him, without his Seeking, by the Intereft of Friends ; nor was he otherwife inftru- 
mental in bis own Advancement, than by deferving it. 

A s to Dr. Pocock's Perfon, he was of a middle Stature, or i^thef tall and flendef ; his 
Hair was inclining to black, fo were his Eyes -, he was of a frefli Complexion, had a lively 
andchearful Look, a found and healthy Conftitution. 

I N his ordinary Converfation, he was free, open, and afl^able, retaining, eveh to the laft, 
the Briflcnefs and Facetiouftiefs of Youth : He was extreamly civil to all, who applied for 
Diredions in the Study of thofe Languages wherein he excelled, and his courteous Reception 
of Foreigners, who in great Numbers reforted to him, fpread the Fame of his Humanity, as 
well as I..earning, throughout Europe. His Temper was naturally modeft, humble, and fin- 
cere, abhorrent of every Thing that had the Appearajice of Hypocrify and Falfehood ; but 
without the leaft Mixture of Sournefs or Morofityj being very obfervant of all common Du- 
ties of Civility, fuch as returning Vifits, anfwering Letters, and the like. 

As for his intelledual Abilities and Acquirements, he was of a quick Apprehenfion, great 
Memory, and unwearied Induftry ; his Skill in the Sciences, if we may believe his Contem- 
poraries, was not inconfiderable, but his Knowledge of Languages was vaftly extenfive, and 
in many of them was more accurate than any could boaft of, who lived before, iuj or fince his 
Times. He was profoundly flcilled in the Hebrew, Arabick, and Syriack Tongues, was well 
acquainted with the Perftck, Samaritan, yEthiopick, Coptick, and Turkijh ; befides which, he 
underftood Italian, and fomething of Spanijh. In Greek and Latin his Friends fay he was 
criucally converfant, and his Writings and Letters bear Teftimony to his Abilities in both. 
His Style, in Englijh, was clear and expreflive, but was never cultivated, even from his 
Youth ; whereas, in Latin he wrote not only with Propriety and Pcrfpicuity, but alfo with 
a good Degree of Elegance : The Reafon of which Difference probably was, that he read 

Vol. I. Y but 

« See Comm. on Hofea, chap. x. 12, towards the End of the Verfe, and on chap. xi. 7, the latter Part of the 
Notes on that Verfe. See alio chap. xii. 1, at the Beginning, and chap. xii. 8, towards the Conclufion of the 
Notes upon that Verfe. f Ibid. chap. xiii. 11, and again ver, 13th of the fame Chapter. 



^% 



The L I F £ of (t 



but few Ettglijh Books in his Youth, aiid wrote nothing in that Language for the Publiclcj 
till he was far advanced in Years. 

But the moft meritorious Part of this great Man's Charader is ftill beJiind, that which 
concerns his moral and religious Endowments j and furely he was one of the moft uniform 
and fteady Exemplars of Chriftian Pcrfedtion, that has blcfled thefe latter Ages. 

All his Words and Adtions carried in them a deep and unfeigned Senfe of Religion and 
true Piety ; God was the Beginning and the End of his Studies and Undertakings ; to his 
Glory they were devoted, and profeflcdly finiftied by his Help, as appears by Kxpreffions, 
fometimes in Arabick and HebretVy and at other Times in Englijh, which we find not only 
if^ his printed Works, but alfo in his Note-Books, and Writings of any Account. , ■; 

In the publick Duties of Religion he was very punduaU all the Time he rended at 
Chrift-Churchy which was more than thirty Years, he was feldom abfent from Cathedral Pray- 
ers, oft frequenting them, when he was not thought well enough to go abroad upon any other 
Occafion. 

In his paftoral Capacity, fo long as he reilded conftantly at Cbildrey^ he fhewed the greatefl 
DiKeence and Faithfulnefs, preaching twice every Lord's Day, and catechizing likewife, when 
the Length of Days would permit him. Nor was he lefs exaft in difcharging the private 
Duties of his Fundion, fuch as vifiting fick and ancient People, and the like ; and during 
that Part of his Life in which his Attendance upon his Profeflbrfhips and canonical Refi- 
dence called him to Oxford for the greateft Part of the Year, he took a moft coiifcientious 
Care to fupply his Abfence by an able Curate, of whom he ftriftly required the fame labo- 
rious Courfe of Duty, and for his Encouragement, allowed him fifty Pounds per Amum^ 
^fides Surplice f^8| all which ^A¥3Utvted to more than a fourth Part of the fhet) Valme of 
that Reftory. , ;■,-'; ;•,. : .; ^ ,■ ( ■:'■') ■ i: rd )i -■ ; ■ -w:.' •^■ 

As a Member and a MinJfter of the Church of England, though with all due Charit)' to 
thofe, who, on the Score of Confcience, diffented from her, he fteadily conformed to her 
Appointments, highly reverenced and approved every Part of her Conftitution. In fubfcrib- 
ing to her Articles his Hand and his Heart went together, being an Enemy to ail Prevari- 
cation, however coloured or palliated by fubtle Diftinddons. He feemed from his Youth to 
have imbibed, among other eminent Divines of thofe Times, an Opinion of the Illegality of 
Ufury, or at leaft to have entertained Scruples about its Lawfulncfs •, but this appeared rather 
&om his conftant Pradice of lending Money freely, than from any open Avowal of his Sen- 
timents in tliat Baint : His Friends could never get from him his Reafons againft Ufury, ami 
the Caufe of his Refervednefs was, that the Thing being albwed by our Laws, and not 
dilapproved by the Church, he would difturb neither by his private Opinion. How many 
uncharitable Difpctes would be prevented, if every Chriftian was endued with this laudable 
Moderation ! But fo long as it is faftiionable to have no Concern for the Peace of the Church, 
nor Reverence for Authority, Controverfies about Religion will encreafe, till, without fome 
gracious Interpofrtion of Providence, they eat out the Vitals of it. 

I T would be endlefs to enumerate all the Virtues of this excellent Man, or to be parti- 
cular about the Conftancy and Frequency of his Devotion, with his Family, and in his Clo- 
&t ', : his ftrid Manner of obferving publick Fafts, his undiffembled Grief at hearing God's 
Name jH-ofened, or the Lord's Day unhallowed, or the Recital of any grofs Immorality : 
But above all, his Charity under each Branch of it, giving and forgiving, was fo exemplary., 
that a more fpecial Mention muft be made of it. 

The Largenefs of a Family was, in his Judgment, no Excufe for fcanty Alms-giving : 
But befides the Poor, whom he daily relieved at his Door, he gave to others quarterly Al- 
lowances. His charitable Difpofition was fo notorious, and brought fuch Numbers of neccf- 
£tx>us Objeds to him, that Dean Fell, himfelf a moft munificent Perfon, ufed complainingly 
AXi tell Dr. Pocock, that he drew all the Poor of Oxford into the College, 
.j^ A KosLE Inftance of his Readinefs to forgive Injuries was his Behaviour to thofe Pa- 
nftiioners of his, who in the Ufurpation had laboured to have him ejeded and ftarved ; for 
•he treated them with his accuftomed Humanity, did their Families particular Kindneftes, and 
to keep them as much concealed as polTible from the Knowledge and Refentment of his 
friends, would never mention any Thing of the Trouble they had given him ; but on the 
^her Hand, induftrioufly fecreted the Papers of their Depofitions againft him, as long as he 
j|ived ; fcarce any of his Friends or Children having feen them before his Death. 
.^ In a Word, fuch was the Uniformity of (his moral aixl religious Charader, that his Friends 
generally cfteeracd him to be as much above the common Level for Goodnefs, as he was for 

laaVMg. 

P ' Should I begih, fays Dr. Marfh *, (fome Time ago Primate of Ireland) to fpeak any 
^* Thing of the rare Endowments of this admirable Man (Dr. Pocock) with whom I had the 
(* Hoaour to be very intimately acquainted for many Years, I (hould not be able to end his 

' Charader under a Volume: His rare Learning appears in his Writings ; his exemplary Pie- 

• ty, 

Ina Letter wcittea \>y him at ^ lit&f^ of .a..^rien4, Tqi Mf • Stnithls Uf;, voA dated &aia Dublin, May 5th, 



1702 



Dr. EDWAkD POCOCK. B^ 

* ty, Meeknefs, Self-denial and Candour, were vifible to all that converfed with him j his 
» Patience and Refignation to God's Will were difcernible to all, who vifited him in the Time 
' of his long and painful Sicknefs ; and his profound Humility was well known and admired 

* by all his Acquaintance.' 

But of all the Encomiums beftowed on our Author, after his Death, none was fo fullj 
as that which was drawn up by the celebrated Mr. Locke, in a Letter to Mr. Smith of Dart- 
tnouib, d^ted July 23, 1703, '' who was then colleding Materials for writing the Hiftory of 
Dr. Pocock's Life. And with fome Extrads from thence I ftiall conclude his Chara<5ler. i ci * 

'So extraordinary an Example, in fo degenerate an Age, deferves, for the Rarity, and 

* I was going to fay, for the Incredibility of it, the Atteftation of all that knew him, and 
' confidered his Worth. The Chriftian World is a Witnefs of his great Learning, that, the 

* Works he publifhed would not fuffer to be concealed ; nor could his Devotion and Piety be 

* hid, and be unobferved in a College, where his conftant and regular affifting at the Ca- 

* thedral Service, never interrupted by Sharpnefs of Weather, and Jcarce reftrain'd by down- 
' right Want of Health, ftiewed the Temper and Difpofition of his Mind : But his other 

* Virtues and excellent Qualities had {b ftrong and clofe a Covering of Modefty and anaf- 

* fe(5led Humility, that, though they fhone the brighter to thofe, who had the Opportunities 

* to be more intimately acquainted with him, and Eyes to difcern and diftjnguifh Solidity 

* from Shew, and efteem Virtue, that fought not Reputation, yet they were the lefs taken 

* Notice of, and talked of by the Generality of thofe, to whom he was not wholly un- 

* known ; not that he was at all clofe and referved, but on the contrary, the readied to 
' communicate to any one that consulted him. Indeed he was not forward to talk, nor ever 

* would be the leading Man in the Difcourfe, though it were on a Subjed; that he tinder- 

* flood better than any of the Company, and would often content himlejf, to fit ftill, and 

* hear others debate in Matters, which he himfelf was more a Ma&er of. ' He had often 

* the Silence of a Learner, where he had the Knowledge of a Matter, and that not with a 
' Defign, as is often, diat the Ignorance any one betrayed, might give him the Opportunity 

* to difplay his own Knowledge with the more Luftre and Advantage, to their Shame, ot 

* cenfure them, when they were gone ; bat thefe Arts of Triumph and Oftentation, fre- 

* quently pra6tifed by Men of Skill and Ability, were utterly unknown to him : It was very 

* (eldom, that he contradidted any one, or if it were neceflary at any Tjme to inform any 

* one better, who was in a Miftake, it was in fo foft and gentle a Manner, that it had no- 
' thing of the Air of Difpute or Corred:ion, and feemed to have little of Oppofition in it. 

* I never heard him (ky any Thing, that put any one that was pr^nt, die leaft out of Coun- 

* tenance, nor ever cenfiire, or fo much as fpeak diminifhiogly of any one that was ahfenti 
' He was a Man of no irregular Appetites : Though he was a Man of the 

* greateft Temperance in himfelf, and the fartheft from Oftentation and V^ity in his Way of 

* Living, yet he was of a liberal Mind, and given to Hofpitality ; which, confidering the 

* Smallnefs of his Preferments, and the numerous Family of Children he had to provide for, 

* might be thought to have out-done thofe, who made more Noifc and Shew. His Name, 

* which was in great Efteem beyond Sea, and that defervedly, drew on him Vifits from all 
' Foreigners of Learning, who came to Oxford to fee that Univerltty : They never failed to 

* be highly fatisfied with his great Knowledge and Civility, which w^s not always without 

* Expence. Though, at the Reftoration of King CHARLES —- — — - his Merits were 

* fo overlooked or forgotten, that he was barely reftored to what was his before, without re- 

* ceivjng any new Preferment then, or at any Time after, yet I never heard him take any 
' the leaft Notice of it, or make uny the leaft Complaint, in a Cafe that would have forely 

* grated on fome Mens Patience, and have filled their Mouths with Murmuring, and their 

* Lives with Difcontent : But he was always unafFedtedly chearful ; no Marks of any Thing 

* that lay heavy at his Heart, for being negleded, ever broke from him ; he was {q far 

* from having arty Difpleafure lie concealed there, that whenever any Expreflions of Difla- 

* tisfaftlon, for what they thought hard Ufage, broke from others in his Prefence, he always 
' diverted the Difcourfe ; and tf it were any Body, with whom he might take that Liberty, 

* he filenced it with vifible Marks of Diflike. 

* Though he was not a forward, much lefs an afluming Talker, yet he was the far- 

* theft in the World from fulkn or morofe -, he would talk very freely and very well of all 

* Parts of Learning, befides that, wherein he was known to excel : But this was not all ; he 

* could difcourfe very well of other Things. He was not unacquainted with the World, 

* though he made no Shew of it. His Backwardnefs to meddle in other People's Matters, 

* or to enter into Debates, where Names and Perfons were brought upon the Stage, and 

Judgments 

^ This Letter, (the Original of which is now in my Hands) or a Copy of it, was communicated to. Mr. Curll 
the Bookfeller, who printed it among other Letters of Mr. Locke's, in the Year 17 14. ' Much to 

the fame Purpofe is Primate Marfh's Obfervation, which he makes an Inftance of Dr. Pocock's profound Humi- 
lity ; ' Though his J^arning, fays he, and Judgment were very great, yet, whenever any difficult Point, in Mat- 

* ter« of .Learning, Jiappened to arife in Difcourfe, he would, to my Wonder, conftantly afk him he converfed 

* with, what his Opinion was of that Matter, before he would give his own. This I found by long Expe- 

* rience,' 



84 



The L I F E, ^c. 



* Judgments and Cenfurcs were hardly avoided, concealed his Abilities In Matters of Bufl- 

* nefs and Conduft from moft People. But yet I can truly fay, that I knew not any one in 

* that Univcrfity, whom I would more willingly confult in any Affair, that required Confi- 

* deration, nor whofe Opinion I thought better worth the hearing than his, if he could be 

* drawn to enter into it, and give his Advice. 

.*. ♦ Though in Company he never ufed himfelf, nor willingly heard from others, any per- 

* fonal Reflc(5tions on other Men, though fet off with a Sharpnefs, that ufually tickles, and 

* by moft Men is miftaken for th« beft, if not the only Seafoning of pleafant Converfation, 

* yet he would often bear his Part in innocent Mirth, and by fome appofite and diverting 
' Story continue and heighten the good Humour. 

* I D o not remember, that in all my Converfation with him, I ever faw him once angry, 
» or to be fo far provoked, as to change Colour or Countenance, or Tone of Voice ; difpleaf- 

* ing Accidents and Aftions would fometimes occur, there is no Help for that ; but nothing 

* of that Kind moved him, that I faw, to any paflionate Words, much lefs to Chiding or 

* Clamour. His Life appeared to me one conftant Calm. To conclude, I can fay of him, 

* what few Men can fay of any Friend of theirs, nor I of any other of my Acquaintance, 

* that I do not remember I ever faw in him any one AAion, that I did, or could in my own 

* Mind blame, or thought amifs in him.* 

I s H A L L only fubjoin, at the Defire of fome judicious Friends, the famed Ode of Mr. 
Edmund Smithy of Chriji-Cburch^ made immediately upon our Author's Death. 



ot 



//■ 



lltt 



DUM cade teUus luxuriat ducum, 
Meutti, Pococki, barbiton exigis, 

Manefque mufam fajluofam 

Sollicitant pretiqfiores. 
Alter virentum proruat agmina 
Sonora 1'hracum, donaque Phillidi 

Agat puellas, heu decoris 

Virginibus nimis inv'tdenti. 
7e nuda virtus, te fidei pius 
Ardor ferenda, faniiaque Veritas 

Perfaxa, per fontum^ per hojles 

Precipitant Afi<t mifertum : 
Cedars catenisy qua pia ftridulis 
Cemunt onujiiy velfude trans finum 

LuSIantur aild, pendulive 

Sanguineis trepidant in uncis^ 
Sentisy ut edunt ftbila, ut ardui 
Micant draconts, tigris ut horridus 

Jntorquet ungues, ejulatque 
: In madido crocodilus antra. 
Wides lacuna fulpbure lividos 
Ardere fluiius, qua Jletit impia 

Moles Gomorrha, mox procelld 

Haufta rubra, pluviifque fiammis : 
^od ifia tellus ft Jimiles tibi 
Si forte denes nutrierat virosy 

Adhuc ftetiffet, nee vibrato 

Dextra Dei tonuiffet igne. 
^itt nunc requiris te£la virentia 
Nini ferocis, nunc Babel arduum, 

Immane opus, crefcentibufque 

Vertice ftderibus propinquum, 
Nequicquam : ainici difparibus fonts 
Eludit aures nefcius artifex, 

Linguafque miratur recentes 

In patriis peregrinus oris. 
Veftitur hinc tot fermo coloribus, 
^ot tu, Pecocki, dijfimilis tui 
Orator effers, quot vicijjim 
Te memores celebrare gaudent. 
Hi non tacebunt quo Syriam fenex 
Percurrit aftu raptus, ut arcibus - 



Jam non fuperbis fcf verendis 
Indoluit Solyma ruinis. 
^is corda pulfans tunc pavor hauferat ! 
Dolor quis arfit non fine gaudio. 
Cum bujia Chrijti provolutis 
Ambiguis lachrymis rigaret ! 
Sacratus arbos multa Pocockio, 
Locofque monjlrans inquiet accola^ 
Htec quercus Hofeam fupinum, 
Hac Britonem recreavit ornus. 
Hie audierunt gens venerabilem 
Ebrea Mofen, inde Pocockium 
Non ore non annis minoremy 
Atque fuam didicere linguam. 
Ac ftcut albens perpetud nive 
Simul favillas df cineres ftnu 
EruSlat ardenti iS pruinis 
Contiguas rotat AEtna fiammas ; 
Sic te trementem, te nive candidum 
Mens intus urget, mens agit ignea 
Sequi reluilantem Joelem 
Per tonitru, aeriafque nubes. 
Annon pavefcis, dum tuba pallidum 
Ciet Sionem, dum tremulum polo 
Caligat afirum, atque incubanti 
Terra nigrans tegitur fub umbra ? 
^od agmen ! heu qua turma fequacibus 
Tremenda flammis ! quis ftrepitantium 
EiSfus rotarum eft I O Pococki 
^i^^i'^i O animefe vatis 
Interpres abftruft, Oftmili fere 
Correpte fiamma, te, quot imagine 
Crucis notantur, te, fuba£lo 
Cbrifticola gravis Ottomannus 
Gemens requirit, te Babylonii 
Narrant poet a, te pharetris Arabs 
P lor at revulfts, i£ fragofos 
Jam gravior ferit horror agros. 
^d gefta nondum cognita Cafaris, 
^a nee Maronis fcripta, Pocockiits 
Plor^tur ingens, £jf dolenda 
Neftorea brevitas feneSfa, 



PORTA 



PORTA MO S IS: 

S I V E, 

DISSERTATIONES 

A L I Q^U O T 

5 R. MOSE MAIMONIDE, 

Suis in varlas Milhnaioth, five textus Talmudici partes, 

Commentariis premiffe, quae ad univerfam fere Judaeorum difci- 
plinam aditum aperiunt. 

NUNCPRIMUM 

Arabice, prout ab ipfo Autore confcriptae funt, & Latine editse. 

u N A c u M 

Appendice Notarum Mifcellanea. 

Opera & Studio EDVARDI POCOCKII, 
Linguarum Hebraicae & Arabicae in Academia Oxonienfi Profeflbris. 

TlaVTO, J^OJCIjlAa^STf, to xctAoV KOtTtp^eTS. 



V 



Vol. I. 



A 



A 



. I 






! .7 1 '.) ■ 



J J £\ 



1 nc ?\iii 



ioia 






si's j;i."''j> 



;. -.x 



PRiEFATIO 



A D 



LECTOREM. 



SI quid fit in his a nobis editis, quod illls qui Rabbinica cum Arabicis ftudia 
conjungere cupiunt, prodefle poterit, fatis tam pro muneris, quam pro infti- 
tuti noflri ratione fecifle videamur ; adeo ut Ledtorem, cui iftiufmodi cordi 
fint, ulterior! praefatione deftinere opus non fit, quin redla portam, qua patet, 
ingrediatur, ut quae ab hoc fine non prorfus aliena fore fperamus, an noftrum utriuf- 
que votis refpondeant, ipfe legendo perlpiciat. Sed cum in ea oculos forfan conjedhxri 
fint & alii fcverioribus occupati curis, quo fuis etiam ufibus aliquid inde decerpant, 
liceat aliqua de totius operis ratione hiftorico more prasfari. 

Quae e Lingua Arabica in Latinam a nobis verfa funt, Maimonidem habent autho- 
rem, virum nominis tam apud Chrijiianos quam "Judceos merito Celebris, (qui quid de 
ipfo & cenfuerint & dixerint licet confulere tum alios, tum imprimis CI. virum Johan- 
nem Buxtorfium in fua ad Moreh Nevochim praefatione) nee minus apud Mohammeda- 
nos ; apud quos, tefte authore hiftorise Medicorum) is^y* u-^.}^ Mojes Princeps audit : 
quod fcil. Judais in Egypto degentibus aliquando praefuerit, cum effet p,^iV«s5j f-*;l->.=>' u- 
ex eorum doBiJ/imis & prajlantijfimis^ idemque non folum i>y^\ ^i-o ^U 'Juris Judaici 
peritijjimus, Jed & lulls' 4? v^^' AeU«> i_ *JU/ as>}\ Jceculi Jui in arte medica, edque 
facienday Phoenix (quo nomine & Regi Salahoddino ejufque filio AH, cujus juflii 
librum iL*vaJ1 jjjAj ^ de regimine fanitatis compofuit, notus fiiit) nee non i- (^jiiuU 
_^^S omni fcientia genere clarus. His artibus cum tantam apud Mohammedanos (in 
diverfae profeffionis homines fatis plemnque obliquos) gloriam adeptus fuerit, minime 
mimm eft eum apud fuorum alios, eas, quas nemo fere alius, confecutum efle laudes, 
a quibus ^inv ")3 Liicerna Ifraelis, Snj;! "ID;^ DSn DI^CI m?0 m}< Lumen Orientis & 
eccidentis, Hebraeomm Gf Arabum Sapiens, Mojes cui poji Mofen primum baud alius 
fimilis fuerit infignitus eft : apud alios vero (ut fieri folet) tantse nominis celebrititi 
invidentes, odium plus quam Vatinianum in fe concitafle, quo perciti nihil non & 
contra ipfum & ipfius fcripta molirentur ; a quorum ipfum tanquam religionis Mohain- 
metica, quam aliquando fimulaverat, defertorem accufantium calumniis, una * Al 
Kadi Al Fadel Abdirrahimi fidi amici ope & gratia (referente Gregorio Abil Farajio) 
liberatus eft. Sed non eft nobis animus, tam quae ad Authoris perfonam, quam quag 
ad prxfcntis operis rationem fpedtant, in medium proferre. Inter prima quae edidit 
magnus ifte Dodtor ingenii fui monumenta, eft ipfius in fex Mijhnce ordines, feu uni- 
verfum textum 'Talmudicum commentarius, qui quando ab ipfo confcriptus fit, non 
aliunde melius difcemus quam ex ipfius verbis quibus opus fuum obfignavit, qus tum 
in C. MS. tum in editione veteri Neopolitana fie habent, "O \''n'r\ pO'O '"13 nc^O 'JK 

iniN '^^6^^srr\ n:iy ona^^ri ^v p 'jni ni lyn^a nanS 'nSnnn riDn^S D'lynpi nor 
rriD t^h |m:n "ina rmav^ o»;;2tyi ):^r\ niK? ^4»^tr r\m nyv'iv p 'Jni Dni;^^, 

6cc. Ego Mofes Jilius Maimonis Judicis, jilii Jofephi Sapientis, jilii Ifaaci Judicis, 
Jilii Jofephi Judicis, Jilii Obadiae Judicis, Jilii Salomonis DoSioris, Jilii Obadije Judi- 
cis (memoria jujlorum in benediSiionem) ccepi componere expofitionem ijlam mm annorum 
ejjem viginti trium, eandemque abjolvi in iEgypto cujn annorum ejfem triginta, viz. anno 
contraBuum Jeptuagejimo mm ''. BenediSlus qui dat lajjo vires, &c. Opus iftud, ut 
& CKtera quae fcripUt, pleraque, excepto magno ifto Syntagmate Tad Chazakah, quare 
lingua Arabica compofuerit facile patet, nempe, Dm 'D IIVDI \dir\ n3mn 'JCO 

mmNH tniN Sdd 'aijrn m^ Dtt'Dn:*) u "im'? ^T^ry p dj iin 'D'jwty 'jsoi ikc t<in 

Ob- 

» Judicis pr;Eftar.ti». b Sc. poft 140O. 



IV 



P R M F A T t 



Ob lingua ijliui ampUtudinem, & perjpicuitaiem, quodque late fe diffunderet, eique affue- 
ti ejfent ejus jceculi homines, ac in omnibus regionibus ijiis obtineret (ut verbis R. jaco- 
bij qui Commentarium ipfius in Seder Najim Hebraic^ intcrpretatus eft, utar.) 
Quantam autem in defuetudinein, apud Judaeos Orientales praelertim, abierat tunc 
temporis lingua Hebraica, liquet ex eo quod rcfert R. Solomon Jofephi filius, HiJpanuSy 
in praefatione ad librum Praeceptorum a fe Hebraic^ ytriiim : fcil. quendam e Babeli de- 
gcntibus Uteris ad R. Mojen miflis ipfum rogafle ut librum fuum Mijlmeh Torah [feu 
2jd] in linguam Arabicam transferret ; fe enim Hebraice non callere ; refpondifle au- 
tem R. MoJen, fe nullo modo induci pofle ut hoc faceret : quin potiiis fi tantum ipfi 
otii fuppeteitt, fe C<Mnmentarios fuos in Mijhnaioth, & librum Prasceptorum, quos 
Arcihice contexuerat, in linguam fandkam vcrfurum. xV '3 'Nifl lS PTn ^^7 'D nNlJI 
1"i3T D^R'n videtur autem (inquit) otium baud vonjl^cutus, cum promiffum fuum non 
frcejliterit. Atque hoc padto fadhim eft, ut non minus ifti cum caeteris ab eodem Ara- 
ce icriptis libris, aliarum regionum, quibus lingua Arabica vernacula non eflet, Ju^ 
dceis, ignoti prorfus atque inutiles aliquandiu jacerent, quam praedidtus ille. Babylo- 
nia ifti qui Hebraice nefciret. . D^Niy o'pm cT^Nii nipxn tr\yi^'^ ^m^ ry\'>7r^ 
-iiTi-iii Saar i<^N CDJ^K iS»K3 nmnn Dmi< Sd o^vn vn ot Pe^^i anoo 
tyy)}r2r\ ^yy "ynrh v'\\>n pe^SS dhik a'p'riyai niiiiySn twi on»Do qhoiv. ^«''» 

Jint difperji nofiri in ultimis terra partibus infulifque longe remotis qua linguam Arabi- 
cam nejciant, eo modo Je habuerunt omnes libri ijli apud ip/os. ac Ji non omnino \Jcripti'\ 
effent', niji quod Jingulis j'aculis extiterint utriujque lingua periti, qui illos in linguam 
j'anSlam -verterent, ad illlujirandos legentium oculos. ut loquitur Solomon Jofephi filius in 
Praefatione ad verfionem Seder Nezikin, turn de aliorum, turn de his Maimonidis fcrip- 
^^ verba facicns. Commentarius autem, de quo loquimur, ifte in Mijhnaioth, non 
totus fimul ac femel, fed per partes, diverfis in locis, atque a diverfis hominibus in 
linguam iftam tradudus eft. Primus, ni fallor, omnium Samuel filius Juda, filii 
Tibbon (ille qui vivo adhuc Maimonide Moreb Nevochim in linguam Hebraicam 
tranftulit) rogatu Judaorum in urbe Lunel degentium, capita ea quze praemifit 
Magnus Do<Stor fuis in Pirke Aboth Commentariis, una cum ipfis, vertit. hoc eft: 
quod ipfe praefatur, D^pTSm hinDDDH nxt ^'^^ ^mSnO "ly ^♦JlS 'OSH INn *12?ND 

fa'3"l53n Cum viderent Sapientes Luniel, urbis in qua natus Jiim, explicationem trac- 
tatus iflius, una cum capitibus qua pramifit DoSlor ille, quibus fenfus ejus compreben- 
dit, petierunt a me ut ipfam illis verterem, quemadmodum in libro Moreh Nevochim 
fecerant. Idem & ejufdem Commentarium in cap. lo. traftatus Sanhedrim interprcta- 
tiis eft, tefte R. Jacobo Ben Mofe Ben Accaft, ideoque ab ipfo aliifque Qp^rij^on 13i« 
Interpretum Pater, non immerito appellatus. Deinde R. Juda filius Solomonis (qui 
vulgo Charizi audit) rogatu "Judaorum Mafjilienfiuni (uti ipfe in praefatione teftatur) 
totius operis interpretationem aggrefius eft. ♦nnoHOnn K7l ♦ntrn >mJ»in nnn^T ntyND 

T\v peno tynpn pe^*'?'? ann n? tyin^fi 'npnyni '>T\''^^r\ □mvoi Cum eorum 'verba Intel- 

lexiffem, fefiinavi, ^ fine mora ipforum mandata implens Commentarios Docloris iftius in 
linguam SanSiam ex Arabica tranfiuli. Ex his, univerfum opus iftud Hebraicurn fa- 
ccre, ipfi in animo fuifte liquet, quod tamen praeftiterit necne nefcimus, cum non 
amplius ipfius operd tradudlum (quod fciam) extet, quam pr^atio Seder Zeraim prae- 
miua, cum quinque ejufdem traftatibus prioribus. Fuit hie vir &; ingenii & ftili ele- 
gantis, Poeta eximius, quique Moreb Nevochim etiam in linguam Hebraicatn tranftu- 
lit, licet verfio ipfius alteri illi ab Aben I'ibbon ccncinnatae pofthabita fuerit ; non for- 
fen, quod ilia Samuelis Tibbonida elegantior, fed materiae quae libro ifto trad:atur (ut- 
pote Philofophicae) congmentior : cum ut ait ipfe Charizi, 'O lO'DDT! noiN ^"2 '>t2'2n 

ftsi^Sn "Tim rrS-ojo p'rir i*^J< X^'^^ tid onann vhv ^t tj? nso p'iirnS czhnS ]'j< 
rrhn '^iD xin "w^ noann nioi rr^vi 'p'Ts'i^n j^n 'ma. in hoc ommum gentium Sapi^ 

erites confpirdrint, non ejfe idoneum libro alicui transferendo, qui 7ion tria bac calluerity 
lingua ^ qua vertit, linqua in quam vertit, & fcientia cujus notiones explicat, myjleria. 
Ipfe igitur in rebus- (ut videtur) Philofophicis non adeo verfatus, minorem eo ex opere 
laudem reportavit, cum alias eloquentiae & Poefeos laude celeberrimus eflet. Ut &■ verfio 
ipfius Makamat, feu Sermonum Al Hariri, qui penu elegantiarum Arabicarum locu- 
pletifllmum, eaque quae ipfe Hebraice ad ejus libri imitationem compofuit, abunde 
teftantur. [Sed 8c hic fe difciplinae Talmudica baud iatis gnarum confiteri videtur, ob- 
fcrvaturum tamen omni diligentia j':Dn ipnSl f JJ^H ITDe;'?, utfenfum retineat reSleque 
omnia digerat.] Eodem hie fere tempore quo Samuel ifte floruiffe videtur, idque fu- 

perftitc 



ad Z; E af^O REM, iy 

perftite adhuc Maimonide, cujus licet'. utSeffintai, 1. ilf^i?^wi?V;' c/46; mertiiheft^ 
ipfms tamen filium Abrahamum VJ»JJf3 '^TT^I Vit^S |1iDp annh juniorem^ ceetera graH^ 
diorem vocat. H£ec igitur ab his verfa ubi ad manus ^ Judceorum Roma commotan-i 
tium perveniffent, illos totius operis videndi defiderio flagrafle tradunt, ideoque quo 
voti compotes fierent, ftatuiffe legatum aliqucm in exteras regiones, reliquas ejus ope- 
ris partes conquifitum mittere. Eo nomine R. Shimchah querrdam Uteris & viatico ab 
ipfis inftrudtum, Earcinonem profedtum, cum R. Solomoni Aderath, viro coetus ibi 
degentium primario, adventus fui caufam indicaflet, hoc ab eo refponfum tulifle : 
fruftra ibi qusri libros iftos, neque enim loci iftius incolas linguam Arabicam callere : 
nee tamen ab incepto defifleret, donee Arragonice regnum adiiflet, ibi forfan quod 
quasreret reperturas : eo igitur profedtus ad urbem np?yTl Wejhkah ^ cum perveniflet, 
ac literas fuas cum aliis a Solomone ifto acceptis, Judceorum praecipuis oftendifTet, illi 
gratum ipfi facere cupientes, duos ordines Talmudicos, Moed & Nafim, qui foli apud 
ipfos reperiebantur, in linguam Hebraicam vertendos in fe fufceperunt, eumque in 
finem ^ R. Jojephum, Ben IJaac^ Ben SnSiSn Aluphal [feu ut alibi fcribitur, "^KiaSK 
Alphual\ rogarunt ut in Seder Moed transferendo operam fuam collocaret, qui & illud 
lubens prasftitit, dubitans interim ne alicubi erraverit, tum quod linguae Arabicce pro- 
prietati magis quam Hebraicce in aliquibus attenderit, more (ut ait) plerorumque inter- 
pretum, qui linguse e qua vertunt ufum przecipue fequuntur, y3t3 "13T Nin iS'ND 
CD'p'npOD, ac Ji res interpretibus plane naturalis ejj'et) tum alias infuper ob caufas, & 
quod unius tantum exemplaris copiam haberet. Verfionem fuam abfolvit fine menfis 
Sivan anni contradluum |r, ^j. fcil. poft millefimum (ut videtur) & quingentefimum. 
Idem fuafu ^ R. Solomonis Aderath, reliquas etiam Seder Zeraim partes tranftulifle fe 
fcribit. Seder Nafim autem R. Jacobi Ben Mofeh, l^mn i<'\'p^T\ ♦KD^y p, Ben '^ Acfai 
cognominati Badrejh, diligentias commendarunt, qui Maimonidis in ipfum commenta- 
rium Hebraice vertit ope R. Chaiim fil. Solomonis, Ben Baka, Medici. Inde, eorun- 
dem fuafu, Ccefar-Augujlam [Saracojiam vocant Judai & Arabes'] profedtus R. Shimchah, 
commentarios ejufdem in caeteros ordines, excepto Seder Tahoroth, Arabice exaratos 
comperit : quorum qui in ' Seder Nezikim, prseter tradlatum Aboth, qui pridem verfus 
fiierat, tranftulit dodorum fuafu Solomon f. Rabbi Jojephi, "zyp^ p nJID'tsn Ben Jacob 
cognominati, queftus interim mendofum & alicubi imperfedhim fuiffe quo ufus eft ex- 
emplar Arabicum. Eadem in urbe Seder Kodajhim traduxit Nathanael medicus f. Jofi 
Ben h^ha Almeli, cum Romanorum legatus prasdidtus Cczfar-Augujlam perveniiTet, anno 
quinquagefimo D"13S fupputationis particularis (annorum fcil. qui abjedlis millenario & 
centenariis, fuperfunt) menfe Cijlau. Hie etiam in prsefatione fua exemplar quo ufus eft 
mendis fcatuifle conqueritur, aliiique de caufis fieri non pofle fcribit quin alicubi erra- 
verit, cum & in Talmude pamm verfatus & exercitatus fuerit ; fecifle tamen fe hoc 
non illibenter, cum quod opus videretur Deo gratum, tum quod lingua Arabicd , 

•n^Ks? lOD '7npn -]^no pc^Sn pDNn iSxh □♦syi-i'an nax^t:^ iti^SNi ts^^onci nSin 
uco T\T\^ DTK i'Nty 131 Ss 'D ^nj? pu^S i^T iO'V QroDHn -jino nrn ovn ip 

iSvN "tlDK npfna Kin 'nn, jam ferifim decrefcente, fieri pojfet ut pereunte Hid una 
perirent commentarii ijii coetui [Judseorum,] quemadmodum hue ufque quaji deperditi 
fuerint fapientibus Hits qui linguam Arabicam non calleant. ^icquid enim Jit e quo 
non capiat quis utilitatem, perinde illi ejl ac Ji periijjet. Romanorum legatus ille 
nefcio an ulterius progrefTus fit, vel alibi fibi Seder Tahoroth, qui nunc unice defi- 
derabatur, vertendum procuraverit ; certum tamen eft & ipfum five ante, five poft 
illud tempus, fuum etiam invenifle interpretem, cujus nomen nuUae, quas mihi adhuc 
videre contigit, prje fe femnt editiones. Atque hoc padlo, multorum ope interpretum, 
univerfae Judaorum genti communicati funt integri JR. Mofis Maimonidis in omnes 
Mijhna partes commentarii ; eonimque opera, eofdem typis mandantium, noftris etiam 
hominibus. Eomm, quos hie exhibemus tradlatus, partes funt quasdam dignitatis inter 
caeteras confpicuae, Neque tamen in iis edendis jam adtum agimus, cum prius non 
nifi Hebraice edits fuerint, prout ab Interpretibus redditae, non prout ab ipfo Authore 
Arabice confcriptae fuerint. Quanto autem fatius fit Autorum fontes, quam interpre- 
tum. rivulos adire, nemini ignotum eft. Opus univerfum majoris eft molis, quam cui 
mAnum admovere noftrum permitteret otium. Neque tamen, quas dedimus partes, 
ut mutilum quid aut imperfedtum, rejiciat Ledtor. Sunt enim ipfae in fe, licet prasfa- 
VoL. I. B tionum 

" V. prjef. R. Jofephi in Seder Moed. ' Al. npu/IN Ofca. Arab. Slij V. Geogr. ftub. f V. 

ipfius prsef. « In Juchafin dicitur R. Solomonem iftum juflifle Comm. Maimon. in linguam Hebr. verti 
anno 57. ipfumque obiifle anno 70. •" Al. '"DNDV Accafi. v. ipfius Prasf. ' 10. Sanhed. in eodem 

ordinc duplicis verlionis meminit Abarb. in Rofh. Amanab, I 



VI 



P R uE F A T I O 



tionum atque appendicum vice toti corpori inferviant, fermones integri, & eorum non- 
nuUae, etiam olim, viris dod:is dignae atque idoncas vife quae feorfim transferrentur, ut 
de odlo capitulis tradtatui Abotb praemiflls, & capitis Cbelek feu decimi Sanhedrim 
appendice jam didhim. Caufa nobis eas Arabice edendi ea fuit, quam innuit R. Na- 
tbanael, Ben Almeliy verbis jam antea laudatis ; fcii. quod cum lingua Arabica apud 
yudaos in defuetudinem abierit, metus lit, ne prorfus perirent thefauri ifti. Nefcio enim 
quo padlo fadum fit, ut paucorum jam manibus terantur qua; Arabice fcripta fint, 
blattilque fblum & tineis comedentur, iis etiam in regionibus ubi ante aliquot fje- 
cula, non aliam, ut vidimus, dialeftum facile intelligerent vel eorum doJsifllmu 
Nefcio, inquam, quo padlo, cum fatum illud non folum Judaorum libris contigerit, 
fed & aliomm Arabice fcribentium monumentis magna ex parte commune fit : nempe, 
ut nee eadem jam diligentia conferventur, vel pofleritati propaganda tranfcribantur, 
qua olim cum apud ipfos ea lingua quafi vernaculi gauderent, unique cum ejus ftudio 
florerent literae, utrifque idem fere jam fatum paflls, magnaque veteris gloriae parte pri- 
vatis : non quod vel in anguftiores limites redafta fit lingua ifta quam olim erat, cum 
vel latius una cum religione Mohammedana, cui neceffario facra eft, propagata fuerit j 
nee quod qui fumma jam remm apud ipfos potiuntur minori erga literas ftudio ferantur ; 
fecus enim, quicquid vulgo ftatuatur, fe rem habere comperiet qui Turcarum annales 
confuluerit, ac pluris fieri, majoribus fumptibus ali, & ad majores honores provehi 
apud ipfos, quam alibi, dodtos ; fed potius quod turbatis ad tempus inter arma ftudiis, 
cum jam fato ceiTiflent literarum Antiftites, nee in promptu effent, qui eafdem laban- 
tes fufciperent, & ipfae una occubuifie videantur, vel grave faltem deUquium paflae, 
poft quod impcrio ad homines lingua pariter & fede diverfos jam tranflato, in inte- 
grum nulla medicorum ope adhuc reftitui potuerint. Quas animo perpendenti veriffi- 
me ac graviffime didlum videtur illud quod Ali a quibufdam acceptum fertur, JWJ J?^^ 
l^nH Cjyt tj* Ciy^S Scientice ipjius quam doBorum leviorem efe occajufn, cum utrolque non 
raro idem fepulchrum contumulet, nee ilia his fuperfit : adeo ut nihil gravius pati 
poflit faeculum eruditomm jadtura, utut incolum'^s plemmque contemptui, fi non odio 
manifefto habere foleat, Sed ne ad limen perdudos in diverticula abducamus j Quod 
& charadteribus Habraicis imprimenda curavimus Arabica, ea in re autorem ipfum 
(e cujus autographo parum abeft, quin mihi perfuadeam edita efl£ horum aliqua) imi- 
tati fumus ; idque confilio, ftudiofis, fi quid fentiam, non inutili, quo ita ei fcribendi 
rationi afiTuefcant, qua quotquot fere e Judais Arabic^ fcripferunt ufi, ut nunc folent, 
& olim videntur. li vero nee pauci nee emditione vel dignitate casteris inferiores, qui 
vel S. Scripturas, vel Talmud, Arabice interpretati funt, atque explicarant, aliudve ali- 
quod difciplinae genus fcriptis fuis excoluerunt. Non folum Autor nofter omnia fere 
qua; compofuit, excepto libro Tad (qui tamen etiam in linguam Arabicam tradudus 
eft) uti diximus, Arabice fcripfit, fed & pater ipfius Maimon, & filius Abraham multa.' 
'Judas Levita celebrem iftum inter Sapientem 'Jiidceum, & Regem Cozarorum, a quo 
titulum Cozari habet, dialogum eadem lingua compofuit j ut &c R. Bechai infignem 
librum v>J^' o^V'' v"%o titulo Hebraico, Chobat Hallebaboth, quod officium cordium 
fonat, notum. Abu Zacharia & Abul Walid Marun, Ebn "Jannahi, Grammatico- 
lum principes, eadem inter fcribendum ufi funt, quorum hie & Grammaticam & librum 
Radicum edidit, e quibus non pauca mutuatus videatur R. David Kimchi. R. JoJ'epb 
Maimonidis difcipulus, cui ab ipfo liber More Nevochim dicatus eft, celebrem in librum 
Canticorum commentarium ; Auhado zzaman Abul Baracat in Ecclefiaften, alius In 
Proverbia Salomonis, alius in Pfalmos, Arabice fcripferunt ; R. Tanchum Hierofolymita- 
nus in univerfum (ni fallor) vetus Teftamentum notas. R. Abraham Ben Dior, refe- 
rente authore Juchajin, libmm qui Arabic^ vocatur ««*»y' 5o«Jie Fides excel/a compo- 
fuit. Ac tefte R. Salomone in fua ad Maimonidem in Seder Nezikin praefatione, R. 
Saadiah Gaon, (totius veteris Teftamenti Paraphrafi Arabica, & libro Emumth eadem 
lingua fcripto, clams) R. Samuel Ben Hophni, R. Sharira, R. Hai, DH^DJ Q'^"!! 
uSnVir, cum multis prater ipfos viris inclytis, omms 0»e'TT331 HIDSn^ Dnnian y^ 
Oli? (15^73 nD">2^nn") qua de confiitutionibus juris fcripferunt, enarrationes & refponfa 
fiia Arabice compofu&runt : ncc minus T13D") D'T^Dn 'JIKJ infignes Occidentis G? Hilpa- 
niae dodlores, nominatim R. Enoc f. R. Mojis, qui 'nny psy^D Tiobr^n Sd U-^'t) totum 
Talmud Arabice enarravit ; R. Samuel Levita Granatenfis, R. Ifaac Al Feji, R. Ifaac 
Ben Giath, R. Jofeph Hallevi Ben Megajh, & "ifiDa j'K D01 DnHK alii fere innumeri, 
'3"»P pC'Sa Dn^miltt^ni On^tt^n'S an d'^ID, quorum omnium interpretamenta, & re- 
fponfa magna ex parte Arabice confcripta reperies. [Obiter notare liceat, quod de 
R. Enocbo narrat R. Salomon nofter, idem R. Jofepho ab aliis tribui. In Chronologla 
Davidis Ganz a do<Siflimo V. Guilielmo Henrico Vorflio edita, dicitur " tempore Raj 
I ''Hai 



adLECTOREM. *' vii 

" Hat fuiffe Raf Jofeph fil. ^ Shitanes, qui erat difcipulus R. Mofis captivi, atque ex- 
" pofuit omnes lex clafles Talmudicas lingua Arubicd pro ' Al Chafes rege IJmaelis, 
" qui recalcitravit R. Enocho fil. R. Mofis, a quo cum excommunicatus quer^lam ad 
*« . Regem deferret, hoc ab eo refponfum tulit, Ifti funt IJmaelitce recalcitrantes, cum 
" autem hoc faciant tibi Judcei, fiigio ab illis, & jam fugio a te ; atque fie fecit." 
Vertente Vorftio, at obfcurius. Non efl: mihi ad manum codex Davidis Ganz He- 
braicus, at in Juchafm unde hifl:oriam hanc fumpfifiTe videtur, verba hzec funt, iSk 

^^U'TJ qu3s fonant, Si recalcitrarent mihi Ifmaelitae, quomodo tibi fecerunt Judjei, fuge- 
rem ab illis. 'Tu ergo jam fuge j quod & fecit.] 

In horum, alioriimve hoc genus Autorum, fibrum aliquem qui incident, pede ma- 
gis inoffenfo perget, fi mori fcribendi ifti afliietus prius fuerit. Quem in finem, fi 
quid alicui contulerit opus iftud, Academias Oxonienfis beneficium gratus agnofcat, quse 
typographiam fuam ea Ipfa de caufa typis ad hanc rem idoneis inftrui curavit, quibus 
plus jam hoc in genere quam alias adhuc, quod fciam, unquam in publicum prodiit. 
Quod prodiit ne fine ulteriori examine contemptui habeat, fuadet magnum Maimonif 
dis nomen, qui ut praecipuis reip. Uterarije Antiftibus vifum eft, nugari non folet. Nee 
dubito quin & haec penitius introfpedta eundem quem cetera ipfius fcripta genium fpi- 
rent, fed & in iis repertum iri nonnulla quae ab ipfo primum in ordinem redafta, 

Eleniufque ac fufius quam ab aliis tradita fint j quod de fundamentis fidei Judaicce 
ic ab ipfo in articulos fuos diftributis teftatur Abarhinel. Quis totius operis Tahnuditi 
rationem & hiftoriam tam dilucide alibi enucleavit ? Quis tot difciplinae *" Judaicce 
myfteria tam luculenta Methodo expofuit ? His in linguam Latinam traducendis, fi illud 
laltem praeftitero quod 'h'2 7N ^30 pnj2 (ut verbis R. Jofephi utar) qui e vafe in vas 
[ufui magis accommodum] transfundit, vel qui fitienti fcutellam praebet qua aquam e 
fonte defumat, operam non prorfus inutilem navaflfe videbor. Si quis interim eadem 
cum Hebraicis conferens, me a dodtis iftds Judais, qui in eam linguam ipfa verterunt, 
in non paucis difcrepare viderit, antequam vel in hanc vcl alteram partem ftatuat, 
utraque cum authoris (quae hie dedimus) Arabicis diligenter conferat. Nam & eorum 
plerique crrores quos fibi exemplarium quae fecuti funt vitio, aliifve de caufis neceflario 
committendos perfenferunt, magna equidem cum modeftia deprecantur ; neque ipfe eo 
immodeftijB perveni ut quempiam mecum errare velim. Leftor, quo utilitati fuae (cui 
poft Dei gloriam dicatus eft labor nofter) confulat, in ea, quae veritati maxime confen- 
tanea eft, interpretatione eligenda judicio fuo utatur j & fi in utraque erratum depre- 
henderit, tertiam ipfe reponat. 

In Appendice notarum vere mifcellanea, neque ad ftridlas methodi leges ubique exi- 
genda, quid prasftitum fit haud facile erit uno intuitu ob oculos ponere. Ad hunc fere 
fcopum coUimant omnia, ut ftudiorum Rabbinicorum & Arabicorum in genuino S. 
Scripturarum fenfu eruendo, iiique explicandis ufum, prolatis exemplis, oftendant, & 
commendatiorem reddant. Quod vel bonarum literarum amantioribus perliiafum dare, 
forfan non adeo facile erit ; multo minus illis, quibus vel quid ultra vernaculam lapere, 
iis rite interpretandis maximum ftatuatur impedimentum. Genus hominum plane 
oLTo-irov Xj cixoyov, atque hujus faeculi lues ; a quibus quid pafliis fuerim, (quango ma- 
jora, nifi apparuifi^et Deus fjLeTcty.ijfjii@^, pafiTurus ! nee tam alia forfan de causa, quam 
quod & doftos amem, & a dodiis, licet indignus, amer) qui noverit, haud adeo mira- 
bitur fi impraefentiarum, nee plura, nee meliora prasftiterim. Sed liberavit me Deus, 
virorum infignium, quibus meliora cordi funt, ope ultro oblata ; quibus gratias quantas 
poflTum maximas refero, aliafquc, quibus impar fum, plures adhuc debere me hie pa- 
lam teftatum volo. Deus, qui hanc mentem illis indidit, bona ipfis omnia repenr 
dat, & boni omnes bene cupiant. Scitum eft illud Poetae, 

^i fecerit bonum, non deflituetur mercede ipfius. 
Non perit beneficium inter Deum & homines. 

Quod fi in notis iftis a viris fummis in diverfum aliquando abeam, non eft 
quod quis vel me illis detradtum ire putet, vel veritatem a tanto illis inferiors 
prolatam faftidiose refpuat. Obtinuit femper atque obtinebit illud etiam Poetje, 

" O^nomin. Abi Thaur. Juchaf. ' Q'SnbN Al Haccm, Juchaf. "■ In praf. ad Tenimoth. 



viii P R JE I 4 T I 0, iij;:, 

1 

^(?/ reliqait prior pofteriori [obfervanda ?] 

- Im6 & dodiflimus indodtiori ? fixitque vel poft diligentiffimum meflbrem fpicilcgiq 
locus. Nee quod vel a tempore vel dignitate pofteriore allatum fuerit, ideo mino- 
ris aeftimandum eft, Veriflimum eft illud ab Al Firuzabadio ex AbiUAbbafo laudatum, 

- <h «...*««rtU ..y**^, Ai^-~JiX^ ^ 

iVi?c, yao/ tempore prior fuerit, plus eequo tribuetur ei qui erraverit, 
Nec\ quod pojlerior^ minus ei qui fcopum attigerit, 

1 Ingredere, Lcftor benevole, & fi quid ufui tibi fruerit, libere fuere; fi quid mi- 
pus commode didtum, amice corrige, atque erranti comiter viam monftra. DC^m 

•non p;oS nviurni nonr\ \d i^'t^i rrcroai nox-M i;te^" rii:;!^ 



*^ Ne dubius haereat Ledlor in ea, quam in his fequimur, legendi ratione, vifum 
eft hie in limine Ch^raderes Arabicos & Hebraicos, prout in typographia noftra fib^ 
invicem refpondent, ipfius oeulis fubjicere. 



,1; 






-r 

r 



•W. 



aaa 



FOR r A Mb sis: 



y 



DinOj; *^i^ •n^i^l fi'Q^n 1i'3p"|^«?|' ^^Ongregamini, faplentes, & in ftatione 
)V a»J3 IdS DSlDtK DVJ HDr f Pj^ V--'. '^^^^ confiftite, dote enim bona vos 






VIOK; iroC □3-1qSn ''» nxn' 'S ®^®'*' donabo. Accedite, fiUi, & aufcultate mihi, 
\. *..,^ .,^ ^-»»Hss ♦-.^^^ •^^./^ i^-iws ,Uw timorem Domini docebo vos: diligenter 

DID niNnS D^O^ :2mx a«n jann E^'KH q„, -^^^^ ^orti irrigui anima ^eftra. 

nnu^ N^l ^nj I^O V^;r rb:;n N^ -la^K Qms eft vir qui deleftatur vit^, qui amat 

rVT\ i<^'i VN'^O "imN^tyn ^471 Vnnn dies quibus videat bonum, qui non extulit 

nSD SnJTI' nS "It^N IdS Sy DC^n vmSl^D fuper fe regem aliquem magnum, nee 

♦HDa ha n:n mo* Vn^D l^m "jScn J13 f"b ipfo fe incurvavit J quern non feduxe- 

miv Sxi 'nJty' nn-'N* 'i» Snt 'nnna -ie^k ™"^ ^^^"?°'^^^, 1^^' "^^^^ f"it ^"ter eos 

ro Wl 'DnSn IDnS ^:h 'nsny ie;K q"; ^b ipfo pel e<fti funt qm m corde fuo 
J J li »i^ I w >* ftatuit non poUutum in fe portione efcs 

DJ D'l^nn nniD na --^DO id njm 'moo ,egis, aut vino compotationis ipfius ? di- 
♦nac^ ann D^JIonn D'Oy np-in j"1 D'JC;' vertat hue ad vidimam meam quam mae- 
♦jn Sd n^C-'K"!"! »J'* noiin Kim □♦JE." tavi, ad vinum meum quod donee inve- 

terafceret fervavi, ad eam quam inftruxi 
menfam. Adefte, vefeimini eibo meo, 
vinum quod mifcui bibite. Ecee in eo eft 
ex omni genere frudtuum pretioforum, 
reeentium fimul & veterum, viniimque 
eonditum, fuceus malogranatorum loqui 
faciens labia dormientium. Eft autem 
ipfum oblatio fpontanea vini mei, primi- 
tive omnis frumenti mei, tritura mea, 8c 
DVn p DD^mmnj h};2 IJp'n ne^K m:pnni proventus areae meae. Vinum ipfius e vinea 
H^T^ nsm nymnnS nxSm ''♦ mv '\m S°^^^^ praepinguis,_ & panis ipfius panis for- 

vSr ^-bn mi ^iSn vSn Sj; iny -m V-ijod '^""'' ?1^^? ^'^""^ 'P^""l' portio ejus pin- 

^ 'i L L L L guis erit : lapor ems ut fapor olei recentis. 

t,^.^::,^^hvh:^nn^:n^^^DrhDhyb:^o:; lomedite pinguia, & bibite dulda, filii 

D'ai ITrvn n^3Dn ^WO p niro ':k ^ei. Comedite, focii, bibite, &inebria- 

•jrrmD' t*^n3Dinn TODOI in^n^no "noSrin mini, intelligentes mei. H^e eft menfa quae 

"irrnnD nSD DnrOI in^nViT t^nSD ^ISDI eft coram Domino. Eft autem ipfa inter- 

tfn^n flDDDt irrnDQD D'ilNjn nmSI pretatio Mijhna, quam expoliverunt patres 

D-iDD Kin nim in'npv oS nD;;o:3') in'nppr ^eftri, explieatio maceriarum, quas ftruxe- 

^S'Sl '0V1 in'nr03 OT^t^r?!' )^t33T nnon nmt paftores qui fetas veftras ducunt & 

_ '/ .»._..... lundamentorum luper quae lundati eftis, 

Vr.-: -sm n3;jn'nwn □TriSl inWi-: ^adieum, neenonconfuetudinum,deereto: 

nnD "neon ^D1 17E'D Vn^DtyNI VTOJ rum & conftitutionum, qus eonftituerunt 

♦nnnS nn lin: □♦^n•^m nmS in ^;^ '-7D1 veftmm potentiffimi, a die quem prseepit 

t>iS Thh\ OOVI in'flSj;^ kSi inya^ riK Dominus, ac deinceps per generationes 

nnJOl irrnDOE? "iDil "yV SdSi in'JT^JlD veftras. Atque ecee eft ilia inftar turris 

S inWDN ♦il-n in^nnV^ nn'oSnn Sk Davidie^ fuper tumulum fuum conftitu- 

S3.S ^N ..S a^..vS pn,o rS. n.K Sd -'^ irus dl^Sr^^nt- ^^^^ 

-.pn:; nODS'^l nyna?^ ^^,55^ ^^^^^ potentium fcuta. Ego Mofes 
f. Maimonis Hifpanus ipfam extruxi, e mari Talmudis extraxi, e fapphiro T'ojiphtce fun- 
damenta ejus jeci, ipfam carbunculo Siphra ftravi, auroque Siphri oblevi, verbis ex- 
cellentium fulcivi, argento puro eonftrinxi, & in argilla eordis mei fudi. Eftque, eece, 
ilia ficut vinea defiderabilis, quam plantatione deliciarum confitam interdiu ae nodlu 
cuftodivi, & ad momenta irrigavi, donee eonfummati fuerint flores ipfius, & maturu- 
erint botri, omnifque uva parva fe aperuerit, & omnis in ea arbor gemmas emiferit, 
dederintque mandragorae odorem. Portas ejus quas aperui non obferavi, neque inter- 
diu aut noftu claufi, fed omni redlo & mundo libere ipfam permifi, & pro munere 
difcipulis mifi. Atque ecee alligavi ipfam omnibus qui verba tranferibunt, fedenti- 
bus coram Domino, ut fit ex quo comedant ad faturitatem, & operimentum du- 
fabile. . ■ 



Vol. I. 



- SCIAS 



10 PORTA MOSIS. 

SCIAS omnia legis prxccpta quae a Deo ad H^Sk Kr6riX fU^ne^ Sd |X aS;^«««« 

Mc/'^« magiftrum noftrum demilTa funt, de- fij^pj^ j^qjj^ ^niK IJO"! HE^O 'Sj; «**« 

mifla ad ipfum fuifTe una cum interpretatione fua, hSSn Slp*3 XiTTDSn VO n*W **** 

cloquentepeoipfiprimumtextum, deinde expli- ,^^,^j^;^^ LrTDfln hS '71p' On n^N nS 

^srerettixTrrurnr;"^^^^^^^ sf\°^"?^fs;^^,!!^^^^^^ I^^. ""^ 

temedocendi ilia Ifraelem ejufmodi emt qualem 11 ^^^^.^'^ ^^V^iT^V^ Tnp^^n n51f 

tibi defcripturus fum. Recipiente fe [Mofe] in •^7^ "'^T |0 *-71N3 HN^D^ ♦HN' |KD 

tentorium fuum, primus ipfum conveniebat <*T7j; inUlU p7« Hpj; PH'sJ pHX 

ylbron, cui textum ad fe [ccclitus] demiflum fe- ysm* OH m'DQn n07Vn nirtNl rno 

mel enarrabat, ipfumque ejus intcqjretationem SdTTI 13»3"1 ns^O j'O' 'TV J^JTI pHK 

docuit; illo deinde furgente atque ad dextram "jSh'S nNl'?! nDH^KI irj^K "jVi Ty3 

Me/?j fe fiftente, ingrediebantur Eleazar & Ilha- »t,^ j^.^ ^rVD nS^O J^nn'Sv Xi'N 

'"'''■/^' iP^'"'' '^1''"' •^''^'" '^'^^^^^ ^vf" '^T f^^rnnx rri'i t^rsnn^ on nn^ % 

quod didtaverat Ahrom ; turn fureentibus ipfis, ,,^, ,L,. .ri.»-.Cv4» C«^* -...^ L^..^... . . 

cedcntibufque uno ad fmiftmm Mofis magiftri £?' '^^ '^^™. ^^'^^ A^^^'^ ^'^'^'^ ^ 

noftri, altero ad dextram Ahronis, ingredieban- RP^ ^*I^^^ 1^"! TJ^^ ^3T DD HIK 

tur poftea feptuaginta Seniores, quos docebat Mo- CDtT J*^^ 7nO HjyO KiTN OH.tD'TJ^n 

y? J eo modo quo docuerat Ahronem & filios ipfius. "IIHOi '^TJ "TJ?3 |17!J1* On VJD1 pn}{ 

Ingrediebatur poftea coe,tus populi promifcuus, CDH'S^^ K2rJ< iS/TI ''♦ C^p20 '?D DNjSx 

omnis nempe qu«rens Dominum, quibus etiam Ip JTIK pD'3 rUD ^^ohn ^OD' Tin 

idem recitavit, donee omnes ab ipfo [illud] audi- nc^O \D n^DO J?;nN vhn "fh I^OD 

rent. Audieratautem jam ^^r.« a M./. textum ;-,j^^j j;,^^!;,^ j-,^q -,j^^j,p '^^j^^L^^' 

ilkmquater ^1" #us ter, Semores bis reljquus ^^^^^ ^ L,^^ ^,^ i^ 

cactus femel. Demde difcendente ab ipfis Mofe, .< ^,. ^^^, . .,,^ __^ ^ 1 JZ^I __ . 

repetebat Ahrcn textum iftum, quern memoria te^ ^^^^ P'^« gf^^^ DHJ;^ H^O 1^3^ On 

nebat a Mofe quater auditum, uti defcripfimus, P ^i^^ "^^^ ^^^ 'T^K p*7K 1^1 

omnibus qui aderant : tum difcedebat etiam V'^i '7^ NJa^fl N?:3 riNno ^^II'V ^'fD 

Ahrofi : atque ita duo etiam Ahronis filii jam qua- p3'£3 ^«Ji'^{ pHN ^^aDTI pifKnSj^ 

ter audierant [illud quod diftum eft ;] a Mofe KV'K riKIO ^^nx ilKj^OD "Ip |N"t9iSk 

ter, & ab Ahrone femel. Poft Ahronis igitur ;;j-i'D pHN JD n"TnN11 ntTD jO rht\ 

difceflum, repetebant Eleazar & Ithamar eundem ppij^ yxSmK "TJ^a NITN 1Dn*K1 iw'^^^ 

textum, quem quater audierant, uti explicavimus, njWOD hSn .13^3 ^Sk nVt iN'bm 

coram toto prefentium coetu, atque a docendo „,^i ,L„ s^m^ s^«-, t^»U,« ..h-...* 

furrexerunt. Atque hoc pafto Iftum eft ut ^'H ZJS^^ .^^\0 ^ -^^l^ 

etiam feptuaginta Seniores jam textum iftum qua- ^^^ ^Vbii ^ H^^n^n |nyNn^i« 

ter audierint, bis a Mofe, femel ab Ahrom, nee T^"^ l^i KlI^OD Tp Q'JpT □';?2r pD'D 

non ab Eleazaro & Ithamaro femel. Recitabant •I'^Ol HtyO |D |»TO J<i{'K flNna ;;D-|« 

ergo & feptuaginta Seniores textum iftum populo J^J^'i) "lOH'^l IU^Sn |D HlOl pHN |0 

femel, ut & omnes quater ilium audirent, primo "ITI P/M*") \f\ "TJ?D 0*Jpr Cy3tl^ Kif'J^ 

a jWo/^, fecundo ab Ahrone, tertio a filiis ipfius, V\y^ ^^\T(ii^ r^y^ *T)nOJ'7K hv V*JS^* 

quarto a feptuaginta Senioribus, qui turn difce- j^^^ ^y^^ yj^^ ^ j^^^^p ^p q-^^J^^ 

Rentes alu alios docebant illud quod a Dei nuntio p,^j^ ^ j^,jj^^^ 1^^^ . ^^^ ^ 

cceperant, textum autem voluminibus inlcnbe- L,.._, _L...*... .^ i;.»-.^.«. J... .„ ■••L -^ 

.ant^ Turn difperfi funt primores populi per to- ^^l ^'^^^ P ^P^^ ^/^^ I'^ ""^^^11 

tum Ifraelem ad eos docendos atque inftituen- J<Xi;D DniC^l D>;;» DKJVK pinS' On 

dos, donee memoria tenerent textum ilium, ejuf- '^ X^^^ jl^nDn ^IDTJ^ p }<ipaD .NO 

que leftionem callerent. Deinde docebant etiam ^^^'' i^'DJ "h^ ND1"17N* ppinOn nx'^JD 

illos interpretationem textus iftius a Deo demifti, ^pi KlbDH* |K »7K DmnSKI O'^^pnSS 

quae fenfus ejus univerfos contineret. Textum ^{y♦^{ p07J^> On MnN'lp lODPT'l Y^H 

autem fcripto, traditionem memoriae mandabant ; nS^K 73p p SwoSk rj'7N "iVl Than 



{zx, in monte Sinai. Quid fibi vult quod dicit, /« ^^^^ J^J^^ ^ DN^D^^ CH^^j; 

w<j«/^ 5/«a/ .? Annontota lex tradita eft de Sinai? '^ 0X70*7^ OH^V Nl'^Kpl HS 'l)jyi) 

Verum hoc diftum eft ut tibi indicet, quod ficut HO ♦J'D pHD Htt'D 7K ♦ ♦ "liTl ^fnn27^< 

praeceptum de anno intermiffionis, cum generali- HTirin 73 K/Hl 'J'D "IHD "1017 "7107/1 

bus, particularibus & minutiis quae ad ipfum HO *17 1017 N7K 'J'DO IDONi nSiD 

[fpecftant] datum fit e Sinai, ita & reliqua pr^- H^pllpll n'mOISI n^mS^D IIONJ HOOt:^ 

cepta cum generahbus, particularibus & minutiis |n';ilSSD IIOKi niVOH Sd flK 'J'DO 

fuis data funt e Sinai ; ^ut e g. tibi dicam quod ^l, U^j^ ^^1,^0 'J'DO inpnpil \rVTS\^'^^'\ 

dixerit ipfi Dominus, In Tabernacuhs habttabitis i,.^,,! ,^,„-, -,»-,,>,^ Jc iLv.-, -,uL... .4» 

feptem diehus, tum docuerit ipfum neceflkria effe ^^"^^ ^^^^ '^^?°=» '^^ /^P "^^^ I^ 

tabernacula iftaVirisnon, Fceminis, neque obligari ^"^V^^ ^^'^ l^< 'Wi^ n07;?K OH O'O* 

ad ea aegrotos, neque itinerantes, neque teda ipfis CDHH N71 nJ«{3K77 N7 "IIDJl?? n0rN7 

de aliis [rebus] quam qua e terra germinant [im- NHflpD pD» N71 |nDXD07N K71 NiHoSj* 

ponenda.] Neque enim obtegenda efie vel lana, N7 f)pDn N71 pN^N {O n^i' N03 N7f? 



ai 



PORTA MO SIS. II 

lSl ♦iXIN^Ki nSi "^nnSKS th^ i^'hli'Z vel ferico, vel vafis, etiamfi ex iis quse producit 

•y^^h^ SnO PN*'7K iO riDi' ^«iOD terra [confeftis,] veluti ftoreis aut veftibus : nee 

NH'a miSNI nNmySxi '7Dk'7N1 DN'nVKI T""' ^^^^i""^' bibendum, atque dormiendum in 

J^n^yS 'D PD' N'?1 ON^K h>'2D'7N >Vl3 ^pAs effe feptem dies mtegrosjneque debere minus 

«M ik>aw -» I iw » ^, -.^^ ..^^ .„ L-,v» quam ieptem palmas longitudine, ac totidem lati- 

nNVnp i;3D '3 NbiD nXVDp rno jO ^pK tudine contbere, altitudbe autem non minus quam 

|0 ~7pN Knj;KannK 'D P3' N71 NIHI; decern palmas. Veniens ergo Legatus Dei (c. p.) 

DK7D7X Ph)! ^IDI^K Kj N075 V^p "^W attulit [fecum] hoc prasceptum cum interpretatione 

nO^N NiDH NiTTDSm liJ^n?^?^ nin l\l ipfms i eodemque modo 613. praecepta una cum 

Km'Dim 'il (il^niy n"12^)? nN7n'7N'l H'ND interpretationibus. Prascepta autem voluminibus 

^♦D2n'7K1 fli'r^ND h^inOO DnSjD rna.'^ infcnbebantur, expofitiones ore tradebantur. Fine 

'D DKV |'V2nN7N "»3X *0 |ND NoSs ♦I'lQ ^"t^'" ^""' quadragefimi, initio menfis Shebat^ 

DnSdSn n^Si; anyOJ D^ty inn lyNl convocavit ipfos Mofes, (c. p.) dicens, Appropin- 

|/w p/i ;iiw 1'^-' -I I I traditionis alicujus a me accepts oblitus fuent, 

KnnyiJ SnD'I ':» NrrOJI itKin »J0 rOD ^^^.^^^^ .^ J ^ ^^ • ^ declarem, & fi qusftio 
Knj'DJI 'j' h^ND/tD n''?;^ nWX JQI n^ ^liqua cuipiam intelleftu difficiiis videatur, acce- 
nt -IN3 ni^'D 7'Nin 2Kri37N 7Kp H*? dat ut eam ipfi explicem. Hoc eft quod dicit 

Scriptura, " Voluit Mofes explanare legem ijlaniy 
dicendo, &c. atque ita dixerunt fapientes in 
[libro] Sifre, Si qttis oblitus fuerit conjiitutionis 
alicujus, veniat fc? eam fecundo audiat, £5? Ji quis 
opus habeat explanatione, accedat ut ipfi explane- 
tur. Traditionum ergo veritatem ab eo didice- 
runt) atque explicationes acceperunt toto illo tem- 
poris fpatio quod inter initium menfis Shebat & 

833*^ SdS *13D ^pyKI '-'NIK?' DnS jam prope eflet ut moreretur, manum defcribendis 

D»'177 nNtD;?K "lE';^ h^Nn^Kl nS K^np'^ libris admovens, tredecim exaravit legis exempla- 

pn '"131 minn "ItJD r>K nip'? .On^ ^Npl ria, in pergameno omnia, a litera B vocis Berejhith 

hv mX j;3ND "INnj t)"iJ '3 V3iSK ^Sd "fque ad Z, vocis Ifrael [qua terminatur lex,] 

Wpn 'S nmO l^-l rN33 hr>±>ii nnv NQ quorum fingula fingulis tribubus, quibus uteren- 

KOS npn *S JiN^nSNI nX'K KiOnyS tur. diftribmtdecimumtertium autem deditLe^ 

>,«U«^ J «-..^« ^l^^>■^ v>^«^-»>i -n^v* »'ir>-(s» vitis, dicens ilhs, Accipite Itbrum legis, &c. Turn 

0K^D'7N On'^r J'^P J^^Cl J!;l "^.M^ n^o"tem circa meridien^ feptimi Adar (uti traditione 

rCtrOI nTj; N7K no N7 IJOn njyo vera acceptum eft) confcendit. Fuitque hoc »?^rj 

an^ NIJ 7'ia N-in '^ □N737K1 nilOi ^y«j refpedu noftri, eo quod ipfo privati fumus, at 

Tyi^ nNO K07S nJN3l3 ^«4^^ ^<Q^ Jpfius refpeftu vita, ob eum ad quem evedus eft 

rviy Sr: no i?£;in» Son np ini 0N7D'7N [gradum] atque ita dixerunt [magiftri] (q. ^.)Mofes 

^'nxi yVATV n'3 npSnS) TDSri/K JO DoElor nojler non ejl mortuus, verum afcendit utfer-^ 

*mN IK in riiy ♦I'l no ^33 ni2fj^ "^^^^^ [Deo] in excel/is. Verum fermo de his valde 

rpl J<Sl DnSs n»a D'S □♦JpfVN P^olixus eft, nee hujus loci. Mortuo ergo Mofe^ 

'iSN to J;DD' dS NOI tlNSniJN'n'iJ cum7./«««.iisquYdipfumdemiffefuerantex- 



D'03nSN Nivi N'i3ni honS riNrn minn 
njiy'i Ni3» nnN n3Sn x^ypv 73 nan ♦£> 
^innvfl i:?n,a'i ni3» cna'? iV ty^u? 731 
'710 i^dnqhSn iiNanoNi nx'NipN n:;r 
»'7N D3C? i^nn rN"i to WN mo7N ^T\ 
Sn nnio S3p |N3 NoSs.n-iN I?3ND 

»7N n!^Nn3 N3 |0 Nn73 a'7'1J min diem feptimum Adar intercedit. Cum autem 






--Ll-.C,^ 1»S»» plicationibus inftrudum reliquiflet, J^a ejufque 

__!_..';;_ J. ■^ faeculi homines fecundum eas fententiam dixerunt. 

Quidquid autem Moft acceptum ferret ipfe aut fe- 
niorum aliquis, nulla de eo controverfia, nulla inci- 
dit diflenfio, at fi quid erat e ramis de quo nihil a 
Mofe acceptum fiierat, quid de eo ftatuendum efl!et 
eliciebatur collatione, ope tredecim regularum quae 
ipfi \Mofi'\ tradita fiant in Sinai ; iftis nempe trede- 
cim argumentandi modis quibus legis fenfiis eruitur. 
Eorum autem, quae ifto modo eliciebantur, quaedanl 
erant de quibus nulla omnino incidit diflenfio, cum 
unanimi omnium confenfii recepta eflent, alia vero 
de quibus accidit inter duas conjeduras difcrepantia, 
prasvalente apud unum quod ipfe opinatus fuerat^ 
apud alium quod ipfe conjeftando aflecutus. Hoc 
enim inter fententias, quJe e locis probabiliter argu- 
mentandi eruuntur, evenire folet. Accidente autem 
hujufmodi diflenfione in plurium fententiam itum 

KJ'3*1 nSv3' '"^N in DNhSnI "ItbjSN eft,juxtaDeimandatumquoflJ//«r^j/»f/z»«r^jubet. 

nS;;31 '3J'7N n>i3 N0:N1 'ITN 3-11 ^ ^das autem ad dif'quifitionemin explican- 

da lege & ehciendis ope tredecim modorum 

confedlariis nihil conferre prophetiam, fed quod fecerunt Jofua & Phineas refpedu dif- 

quifitionis & ratiocinationis, idem effe quod fecerunt Rabina & Rab Aflie. Qwd ad 



jnns^N; p aNS3 n*3 
rinN^n'^N pNip'^NS Nn'3 DsnbN jninoN 
rSty 'm 'i'D '3 rrSjr n7T:o'7N '^^y 
jn3 r\i:rr\^ minncr nno ,miyy 
^y dS nioN nNjr}3nD07N ipr\ jos 
j;NpjN7N Nn*^;; ^^3 S3 f|xSn3N Nn'3 
♦IN^niNSN rP3 )7pi ^so .xnjoi 

'ipi t<DN'p t^rin DNpl i'DN'f 

m:;? npi j^DN'p . i^nn DNpi . _, 
NnnNDN'p '3 nr rh'^ha D'Np07N \i6 
^inrtiihn Nin nnn.NiNS riNj?7N Nnn 
nnN hi^)!T\ nSSN.SipS 7n3NSN V'zr\ 
n»j ni337N |N n'^rNi .monS oon 
minSN n'D3o 'S 'tJi'j'N '3 ftrso 
nno rrwy v^^i i?in37N JNn3nDNi 
':j;o '3 .oro'Si ^ynn' nSy3' no S3 



ex* 



Dcuc. 



S> 



13 



P R T' A M S I S: 



exceUcntiam arrtem Prophetc fpeftat eorum- p HC^*?. IHS (ND. Hj^5 'N .fV*7l"*SfJ '3 

que quas circa legem fecerit, cujufcunque tandem uri^^ TiSk ntSnOJ^SN ?tlOo'?N SlVxSx 

generis fuerint, eft illud certe magni momenti jj< l^^ ^pL,^ riDNDNl \nhii IHDnyH 

fimdamentum ex lis quibus fundatur religio. '^^ ,,^^ .^ _,,jj ,t, ,^j, „^^ ^^ 



Porro videtur mihi liic locus efle explicandi fun- ^.-.^ ' \-„^' . »u„ ,^„, „L -L^, i— ,..«L,v» 

damentum iftud, quod tamen fieri nequit nifi °'^?^ ^^ ^^« ^^R ^^ ^^L. ' "^^'^ 

prsmifla diftlnftione modorum quibus prophetiam ^"^^ ^^ ^^'^ nl3i7'7 t^TD^N^N NT"?X 

fibi vendicant Propheta:, quaque ratione vera T]p "^'^D ^^^N NJTN Nln iH nD:'7K 

comprobetur prophetia : cum hoc etiam mag- /3 DKJ7K n^NJ^ H^OJ rTD CDni 

num fit fundamentum in quo errant, non folum pJb' OriDN "jSil 01^^*13 |0 Tr;^ 

Univerfiim hominum vulgiis, fed & potions notae JsjSn i<r\yiDb TOn ^»^S nnJ7N |{< 

hon pauci ; putantes, fcil. non credendum pro- nW^O \D rti^^D inj rlf^D Si?3' \ii2 

})hetiam fibi vendicanti, nifi poft editum miracu- f^j,*^^ "y^ ^'^ S^vw D"1D*1 Ijm rTw'D 

um par alicui e miraculis M./i Dodoris noftrij "t^j^ ^,5^,^^ p' ^^^J^ ,^ ^^:i^^ L^^^ 

& necefle efle ut orduiarium rerum curfum per- „,„TL„ »,„,„ ' ,^ __,., „„ Cam, ,^ 

rumpat, ficut fecit Eliab in refufcitando vidu^ i^ty^^^i^nX^K |0 inc^ NO •"'HO 1J< 

fiUo, aut ut fa(5him eft in deprcdicatis Elijh^ mi- *^0 P^ I^^ """^ 7.^ ^^^ ^^"l 

raculis. Regula autem hsc minime vera eft, J^'^JN'^N \D KOm'JI j;e^'7jn in'^N n'7j;D 

cum omnia qua patrarunt Eliab, Elijha, caeteri- fi'^nn^ '^7*1 KI^JJ^S' 0*75 r>NfJyi7N |0 

que Prophetae, non in eum finem fecerint ut iis nnv flJND "Tp n'13i'!'J< iN DnniD.3 

Prophetiam fuam confirmatum irent ; cum jam "|7n NJlSj^-fi N03N1 "fTI .^3p Cn*? 

antea d« eo certo conftaret : fed ea pofcente necef- DnD")p7D ^^"l♦'7^e lixrinx KoS HN'f J^o'^J* 

fitate ediderint, cum pro ea qua apud Deum j^^^^^ j^q^ j_j-,^-,j^^j^. q^^ j_:^L,j^ .jj 

erant propmquitate, voluntatem ipforum perfece- ^,^^^^ -L, ^p,^ -^^^^ ^^^^ :♦nbNi•S^? 

nt, luxta illud pus promiflum, " Et cum Jtatues v»<i«oU-i ' ♦», Us^^s m«-, 4is-,^t,« _,.-- 

verLm, ratum erit tibi. Vera autem compro- ^^^^^> *P ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^P^ ^^ 

batur prophetia eo modo quo hoc, quern exorfus 1« ^T'^ ^^^^^ nnD&'NJ H^N ^nn 

fum, fermone defcripturi tibi fumus. Dico igi- ^n*^ 'TT T'^J^'N 'fl t^in^^Jl "'^^'^P 

tur, primo, canones in lege noftra de prophetis pODpJ' ri^J^K ♦♦j;"10 jN "^Tn HD'^fN 

traditoSjitafe habere : fc.eos, qui prophetiaemunus ITlf miSy DE-O J^^iTlO |^2Dp ^^^^^{ 

fibi vendicant, in duo diftingui genera, eorum qui m")?)? DC^^ HIIuSnI ♦*♦ DC-'D N3JnO IK 

in nomine Idoli, & eorum qui m nomine Domini |j,} SikSn DDp'?^ TPCip DDpiTI mt 

vaticinantur. Prophetia autem in nomine Idoli »jxStJ7i< ^DIdSk iK ^1p»1 '"Ji Dp* 

duplicis rurfus eft generis primum cum furgens ,^^ ,L L,^^ 3 .VjKm-) h^l hm 

Propheta dixent, Hujufmodi ftella influxu fuo ' -.C-,, L*-,-,^ ,,s«-,o sC ^.v^.-.-^ 

fpiriVualiinmedemiflb, dixit, Hoc modo me co- '^^ ^to^^^ l>n3!l ':i;riK IN tN-pD 

lite, vel, hocmodomeinvocate, necnoncumad D'DN^'^N |0 DD'7D JN Dr;;'*?}* 

Idoli aut Telefmatis alicujus cultum invitat dicens, '^"133N1 NHSD ^iN^JN '^7'i |N ^Npl 

Hoc mihi illud indicavit, hoc mihi nuntiavit, vel pmNDi^^ nONi jNl TON "IN Xip3 

prxcepit mihi ut juberem ipfiam tali modo coli, S^?' jND ^«2^ 'JN7D7N, nil7N "h}; 

quomcdo facere folebant Prophetae Baal, & Pro- DDpSNI PPtt'Nn 'N'Di'k ^^'2'^ 'N'Di 

phetae Laa'. Secundum, cum dixerit quifpiam, hSSn p ♦HI ':NDN (N Sp' \N 'JNliSN 

Venit ad me a Deo revelatio, colendum efle Ido- L-,jjj-,pj^ ^j^ 'JN^dSn 'TlDy'^'7N "l2y» |N 

lum tale, aut fpiritualem ejufmodi influxum tali ,j^L,^L,j^ ^^j^l,j^ ,s pi.jjjL,3£;j^ h'JNrmSN 

modo elicicndum (rationem interim aliquam cuitus, Lv...k^.Uv« «v,^«4,,Cv. -,^« »« «-■« •,.«* 

& adiones aliquas defcribens quibus utuntur qui '^Ni^SNVNI nNTJOr^N mjl p NHJI f]^^ 

tali dediti funt cultui, quemadmodum inter fun- *^02 |Nty^N "^ "nn^ Nn^^yS^jn^N 

damentalegisnoftrstraditur) hie etiam inter Pro- J<V'N NTHQ nr'"liyi<7 ^D K^HJ;; ^"iNn 

phetas Idololatricos cenfendus eft, cum hoc nomen J<in |N^ TT^J rTV\'2p C3C'3 tOjriO 

comprehendat non folum illos qui dicant ipfum NnD33 J^ilJN H'lp' hTN DJ?* DDN7N 

Idolum fe coll juffifle, aut aliud aliquid mandafle, K'jyj^'^x p 'ITi IN Nnr>nND;;D niDN 

fed & eos qui dicant Dominum creaturas alicujus nHNSy^ ION nS'7N |N Sip' hSn IN 

cultum praecepifle. Cum igitur audierimus quem- ^ t<i.y^rt> KHND nNp\73"»SN p 'a? 

piarn quolibet homm modon^m fe Prophetam ^^^^ni ,Vm;rnSN VmA "inN T^-^Sn 

venditafle, atque hoc manitetto de iplo proba- „^,„L,„ 'L-Jl w»; w»«-, ^,,i,,» 1m-,Uv» 

turn fuerit, debet ille ftrangulatione e medio V^^ P^IJ ^i ^'-? ^^^ ^^'^^^ 

tolli, ficut dicit Deus, ' Propheta autem ille, '7Nj;n TtAp") pJp^ND ^t3p» JN nCDnS 

r^/ fomnians /omnium, morte afficietur : neque i^^'^H DvPn □7in IN ^inn X'lJjm 

habebitur ratio [muneris] quod fibi vendicat, 27Dn t<7") nN"U^n^ n3r>7' t<7'\ nOV 

neque requiretur ab ipfo fignum ; imo etfi mi- nN*^07N p '^P? 1*71 ItN i~UO 

racula ediderit ad profefiionem iftam confirman- ^poj oS ^50 ♦"I;^'»Sn XiH n'^linS 

dam, quibus nihil unquam magis mirum au- -pj^ nOn'?' t«4'71 pJiS HiO DIJN 

divimus, nihilominus ftrangulabitur, nulla mi- -.u,j-| pij^^n pfj^ t^S mNrJVoSN 

.raculorum iftommhabita ratione. Caufa enim ^^^^ ,^ ^^^^^L.^^ ^,,^ ^^ T\myd7ii 

ob quam rata fuerint ifta muacula, ea eft quam ^^„,,, .„L s-,, ^-,^^v, —^^-i^L. .♦. 

aflii^at Scriptura (dicens,) - ^oniam Centat ^^^«^ 1^^ ^^^ °?^^ PD'^T^N J' 

aiugnac ,ocnprora ^ui« ,; <, ^^^^^ ^^ ,^^^^ HNIi^lS StDO'^N Sp;?>N 

* Job XX. 28. f Deut. x'ui. 5. i Deut. xiii. 3. 



PORTA M S I S. 



13 



^■nain Ip nX r^t^^\i^&> nnKiyoVx tT^J< ^'^^ Dominus peus vepr, &c. Teftimonium enim 
Ob;?* JK 'Jl2i' kS |N 7")DJ^Sk ShN nj;? intelle(ftus, qui profeffionem ejus falfi arguit, oculi 
nxm JVO'?N TilN ^ha imoia n»J nap' kSi 1"' miracula ipfius vident teftimonio firmius eft, 
^»t3Jnn1 nahaa^ha Sr^ONa nniDJKI cum apud intelleau praeditos demonftratione certa 
• VQD'^ QD"^!' aa?3 probatum fit, non debere magnificari, neque coli 
■ ' I I praster unum qui omnia condidit, & ab omnibus 

perfeftione fumma diftindus eft. 

Porro, qui in nomine Domini vaticinantur, du- 
plici etiam funt in genere. i. Cum quis in no- 
mine Domini prophetans ad ipfum hommes allicit, 
& ad eum colendum incitat, dicens, Deum prae- 
ceptum aliquod pra;ceptis fuis addidiHe, aut 



rhba DDN2 NiJn' |x SiNSi< aopha 
|N* Sipn nnnxa;? '"^j; vnn nha wnn 
Yp: Mi ripnE; j;'iniySK '3 lat np rhha 



net liber legis detraxifle. Neque intereft quic- 
quam addiderit an abftulerit, five iis quas in textu 
legis habentur, five ipforum explicationi tradi- 
tione acceptae. Uti fiquidem addat vel detrahat 
iis quae in textu habentur, hoc modo, Dixit 
~ ^ atium quo pro prasputiatis habendi 



'X)',^ 

p*?Ny'?N p'oj ?jj;x ^a '3jSj< jkS 



nmK'r ^N pVj'^N 'S nJNVpJl nmX'? p pr^ceptum aliquod de numero eorum qua: conti 

nmNn NON n-ioSN I'Dun^K 'D 

Sxp rhha |n Siio |"iyj7N ♦£] n^a^ipy] 

Tra pi t3pa I'ONj; rp?ir'7N jn.'S .. 

IN riDnioSN rnorha Son '^n* j'onvSn "^-i ^'J^ ^" o^^ 

'^i^'ytTZ:^. ''If'. I f^ ^'i"' finffSs. luorum tantizm -annorum efTe, poft 

t^fhz* ''7Nrn nSip p nS-ID Nn':'0N nnn' ^^^3 f^^l^ ^.^ivis vefci lidtum : vel dicendo, 

nim NO"! 131 CD'T'V. D37 nM» OiU; Dixit mihi Dominus, quatuor annis illicitum erit 

JND 171 nu Y .'^ ^pJ7N 'a np' IN •]7n illis vefci, loco ejus quod dixit Dominus, Trii>us 

jN /Ip' IN 7nO riTj^ND' |*i7N iriNb anms incircumciji erunt vobis, &c. atque ita in 

nV n33 HN mVpl min7N 'D nSip ejufmodi aliis. Nee non fi aliquam, quamcun- 

HiNl np'pn "Xhn )?Dp HJN ^iy Dinn l^^ tandem, in traditione mutationem fecerit, 

503*1 SwSn Nj NOD tt^'aon D3p in D'S ^"^ favente ipfi textus litera : e. g. fi dicat, 

:N b SnP rtha m ^Ipn fiia^SS -tSt '^^'^"^ "J"' ^" J^g^' ^^ ^findamanum ejus 

Li-s -,J-,v»fX .u„t L,w_ L.» -,...-,» 4i,,«, ^°*^ farcet oculus tuus, de ablciffione revera 

Nina mnND '"^j; naa HN nilfpi -nbip in^lligendum effe, non autem de mulda pudore 

3Dil -»pK^ N'3i njN^ piO^Na yrO' NV'N j-aiiumj afficienti conftituta, prout traditione ac- 

ceptum eft ; atque hoc prophetias acceptum 
ferat, dicens, dixit mihi Dominus didtum fiium, 
' Et abfcindes manum ejus, prout fonat intelli- 

. _ ...... . .. .^ gendum : hie etiam ftrangulatione tollendus erit, 

^^^t\ ' pit NOD n3 i'nO'nSnI npnvn <^""^ Propheta mendax fit, Deo illud affingens, 

1p qSi];'? IJ'PN' na 0:11 PPlp 'fl ^^ ^^"® 'P^^ "°" '^'^^^ » "^1"^ ^J"^ ^^ fignum 

hSSn Sap 10 'j'd'S in nSSN W N^DN ^"* '™'^<^"1""^ .^b ipfo patratum ratio habebitur ; 

^^.>^M<>< J.W -,U.^ *-,» V4-,-, «..; v...».».ta cum Propheta ille, qui miracuiis fuis totum mun- 

potya Vb nbip ini Nnn TJ NVne^n dum ad Lporem a^degit, cuique ut crederemus, 

IDl nO'OU^n 1:7 n^Tj;' 10 nON7 N'H fidemque haberemus infixit Deus cordibus noftris, 

f IVJ'^N p3 ♦:r •]DD7D1 "^'DD n71pl (afferente ipfo Deo, cum dixit, Et tibi credent in 

rnNDN'p7N IN DQ7N ♦•) rfe)l£3n07N f^culum) jam antea nobis denunciaverit, non pro- 

fi'^OJ |0 in 'ibN ")bJ7ND riJ^DriDO^N dituram a Deo aliam ab ifta legis lationem. Atque 

NiTN NiNnjl nSpSN p rinya^o'^N np'^N hoc eft quod dicit, *■ Non eji in cislis ipfa ut dicas, 

7Npi Nn:0 jNVpjSNl Nn'3 rilN'TSN W ^«" afcendet po nobis in calum, &c. Et quod 

itb') lioo ynn nSi vSjr fiDin nV ^'f? ^" "T^' ^'"'^ ^ '"[ '"'" ^«'' ,^°^ 7""^"^* 

'N2n N'Di I'N DnSdSn On'Sj^ NiSnP velfententiajqu^oretraduntur yelconclufiones 
-.vi^,♦-,. v♦^J^^,♦ ^i^ss -,««« -.^^ »^»X q"^ fpeculatione, (una ex potentns e corde ormn- 
HN^ipnD NiO'TT liOa nnVO IDI inn^ ^jg) elkiuntur, quibus etiam aliquid vel addi vel 
D7 NO n'7N 3D31 n^>N '7^ DlNp ,njN detrahi vetuit, dicens, « Non addes illi, neque di- 

minues de eo. Ideoque dixerunt Majores, quibus 
pax, Non eji Propheta concejfum ut aliquid ab 
ijto tempore immutet. Cum ergo fciamus ipfum 
in eo quod fibi vendicat, in Deum mendacem 
efle, eique affingere quod ab ipfo non fit illi dic- 

_ ., ,_ .,,■■. tum, necefle eft ut eum morte afHciamus, decla- 

7Np NOD jNVp: ;n mNn pi nnin7N rante Scriptura dum dicit, " Propheta qui addide- 
7u;N HDr n&'O nnin I^DI OnnoriND nV, &c. morietur Propheta ille. 
^N7tt?» ^D ^"^ DTinD iniN 1/Vl!f Secundo. Cum [quis] ad Deum [colendum] 
KnSnnON JO nyVl O'tDSiyOl Cpin ho"^ines invitat, atque ad praeceptum ejus cufto- 
Kn'Sy nvn ?0 nVNinn nNn'iSND ^^'^ndum incitat, nee non ut legem obfervent de. 
._,».-,« _,,„,,,, 'Lw,X^ »^»«^ Hv«..Uw.-, nunciat, idque citra additionem, vel diminutionem 



♦a dnhdSn p nod nSnp oV nS Sp* 
N'Djn noi '1D1 Tr nc^N N'Djn "]n nSip 

Kinn 

nSSN 'Sn i^T ;n 'jndSn iddpSni 
7NnnoND dn^Sn n,oN»i nnj;nu^ '^j; vn^i 



»nyi noNiND noNn om^ji h'NpTn'i 



(ficut dixit" ultimus eorum, ' Mementote Legis 

Mojis fervi mei, cui mandavi in Horeb fuper omnem 

Ifra'el, Jlaluta & judicia) ei qui ipfam obfervaverit, bona promittens -, at tranfgredienti poenam 

interminans ; uti fecerunt Ifaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, caeterique : alia interim a lege pra»cipiens 

Vol. I. D & 

• Deut. XXV. 12. ' Exod. xix. 14. « Dent. ir. z. & xii. 32. ^ Deut. xviiL ao. * Mai. iv. 4* 



H 



PORTA M S I S. 



Sip* |« Siio .firns^x n'j ^s ♦nxija 

SiKtyS Snidc^ n,::j< nod |nS rtixSaSN 
NOD Snp |y 'Hi' IN T^j^n pSo;^ "^Knpn 
Siwi nspj? Snp ;:r cmn^S yti^Sx 'ni 
♦Hi NDDi inir NOD jnoii:? 'i] Syxn'^N 
NODI -iivSn 73X1 noSn Sj^riK u? n^yi:^* 

'DJ7N U^TN N"iN3 "im^N NiH 'HJ NO") 

mt rrv\i)p "fn dd:' dSi niDj'^N 

' "INT nVi 

_ _. _ i3N Sd 

HNiyn nmh ninno:V tvn iNnmD 

'JNITAON D?7 HNi;;*! TO 'n7N HJNfl 
N'UfN7N ^Y^ |0 HD TON* NO Sd 

moNiN ]p 'ty »bjr ♦"u^n* loi nhVSji 
's3 hSSn Tips D'oa^ no rin'o nprS 

p2N N'DJnSn TONIN 'Sjr ♦TjrnoSN 

Snp nNij;"T rw* aS jni io;ro tyniN 

: p)i)7N3 



nflVNi NJN NOD ♦djSn 'i;^t nnyi 
rnD:'7N p^ N^S ♦;^*TN Nisi nJN -jSti 

tND ^nS ^^HN iNDI tSi'D MO h}} 



& prohibens : c. g. fi dicat. Expugnate nunc re- 
gionem ijlam, aut feSam ifiam : ficut olim man- 
davit Samuel Sauli ut Amalecum occiderct ; aut 
[fi quem] prohibeat morte afficere j ficut ■■ Elijba 
interdixit Jeboramo^ ne exercitum Hazaelis, qui 
SaiHariam ingreflus eft, deleret, (uti notum eft ;) 
&, ut vetuit Jfaiab aquam intra muros derivari ; 
&, ut interdixit Jeremiah Ifraelitis ne egrederen- 
tur extra Jerufalem ; cum ejufmodi aliis. Cum 
ergo prophetis [munus] vcndicaverit fibi Pro- 
pheta, ita ut illud Idolo alicui acceptum non fe- 

rat, neque Legi quicquam addat aut fubtrahat, j^niO fp^ ^Sl nj^'TSySN '3 
verura alias quafdam mfiftat vias, eo modo quo vigyi sOD '"IDH TD'^O *t) 
explicavimus, tum opus eft, ut eum probemus, 
quo vocatio ipfius nobis fit comperta ; quoniam 
cum de alicujus vocatione conftat, tenemur omnia 
quae jubet, tam minoris quam majoris [momenti] 
praeftare ; & quicunque tranfgreffus fuerit aliquod 
ejus mandatum, tenetur morte per manus Dei 
[infUgenda] ex difto Domini de eo qui tranfgref- 
fus fuerit mandata Prophetarum, ' Ego requiram 
ab illo. Quod fi vera non comprobetur vocatio 
ejus, ipfe ftrangulatione perimendus eft. 

De veritate autem vocationis [Prophetarum] 
conftabithoc, quo defcripturus fum, modo. Scilicet, 
cum quis prophetiam fibi vendicaverit, ficut de- 

claravimus, eoque idoneus fuerit ; utpote qui fu- y- -j ■ -. • - ^ -^ - j- - - - -^ 
erit doaus, religiofus, continens, intelledu & 7nDn7N1 p7N1 D^Vn SiN TO \yy 
li morum probitate praeditus, juxta illam apud NOD NHSd pN7DN'7N {DNnOI 7py7N1 

' N7N rmty. HNiDjn pN NJij;^ S^n^n 
rii^hD nNVvDm "iny;^'). tidj. ddh S^ 
DN7D7N1 Nnnyn \yy< n*? nJ^N Nnn 's 
rfinNi 7D p!} SNrfnDN7Ni nh'V 

QnSdI 7'T3n7N DHD TO pVJD Nmo 
TDD p-iD Dip* nr^7ND"l poDn7N 

;^o n»Sj; |u;' p77N SySi hSn'h h^ 

NiNfl nJ7N "jTiD NVn* |.N 'pi* NO 
NHN^^TNT 'JDJ» NO '7;; NH'? nShn JND 
?<JTDDN1 n^^NIOD t^iiT^IN TT} ^<JSp 
"iDD'a nS'^N *]07;r J^OO nNTNDDND 

j^joSj; t<rt7D mj^Nio nrw |n3 

NioSi'a Nnp'NpT p 171 n'i:'N7n jo 

Nin 'fl rmnSN p t<im did niN 
riD'N *]DD7D noNn ♦Dl iNnnONSN 
♦'♦ T\T\ N7 nt^N iDin nN ^3 

•rri ^a NiS pn^f nv'n ntni 'idi 

nniDi "]tjd fp'j-iJ dV j'^hn in 
♦m fjpio NJTi); 'pD' NOiNi rip^pn 
riD iDD* xo '7D 'D npTv -no* 
"ITi'^i rnoSN TTD rlTO htSn 1^ 
piN nvi nnt:^ noS SNioty '3 Ni 

SNTty* Sd I^Tl riDn* 7lp» NO Sd 

•^Niott^ to><^ '3 ;^3{r 1ND -i;^i pa 
"ION .Drni;r fND nti ♦'♦S n'd:S 
NO n'^iSi n^djnSn n:;r ji'^ndt nSn 
DnoN;?o fl'^oj 'S N'DJN'^N pSnd' nijnd 
IV 'wiott' Snd; 'vo* SiNti;^ |nd no 
NTI nnDNSN h^ rh t\^t\ flS'Sn 
NOJN nS^N VA^ -^TiD njN -|iy 
In.-idSni poj:o7N ^ 'djSnd njn;jn 
ri^oi »a on^NO) njnS pjntSni 
I njSnihn 



omm 

nos regulam, Non reftdet prophetia nifi fuper fa- 
pientem, fortem, tf divitem. Multas autem funt 
notae ad hoc propofitum fpedantes, quas omnes 
comprehendere nequimus, & de quibus fermone 
inftituto fingulas probare conari, allatis textibus e 
Sacra Scriptura didifque Sapientum, librum po- 
tius integrum per fe requirerent. Qualem forian 
[ut aliquando componamus,] cum omnibus quae 
eodem fpedant, auxilium fuppeditabit Deus. 
Ciim ergo idoneus huic muneri fuerit, prout opor- 
tet, ipfumque fibi vendicaverit, dicemus illi, Ede 
nobis promijjay (sf refer nobis aliqua eorum qua 
nota fecit tibi Dominus -, quo referente, fi vera 
evaferint promifia ejus omnia, hinc prophetiae 
ejus veritatem percipiemus : quod fi in aliquo ip- 
forum, vel minutiffimo, mendax fuerit ; hinc 
mendacem eum effe cognofcemus : atque haec ex- 
prefla eft legis de hujufmodi probatione fententia : 
» Et cum dices in corde tuo, ^omodo cognofce- 
mus verbum quod non locutus efi Dominus^ quod lo- 
quitur Propheta in nomine Domini, ^ non erit 
verbum. Sec. Quinetiam etfi verum dixerit nobis 
in uno aut altero promiflb, nondum tamen certi 
erimus prophetiam ipfius veram efle, fed manebit 
apud nos dubiae fidei, donee veracitas ipfius in 
omnibus quae a Deo refert, vicibus continuis ex- 
hibeatur : unde de Samuele dicitur, (Poftquam no- 
tum ac certum fuerat quodcunque diceret, ratum 
fieri,) » Et novit omnis Ifrael a Dan ufque ad 
Beerfhebam quod fidelis effet Samuel in Prophetam 
Domino ; neque accidit illis negotium aliquod de 
quo non fcifcitarentur Prophetas. Nifi enim ita 
miflet, ut prophetas de omnibus rebus fuis confu- 
lerent, non adiiflct Saul in principio Samuelem, de 
eo quod amiferat fcifcitaturus. Minime autem 
dubium eft fie fe rem habere, quoniam Deus Pro- 

i)hetas [mittendo,] fecit ne opushaberemus Aftro- 
ogis 6c Diviimtoribus & Ariolis ; quoniam illos 



^ Ifaiahzxii. ii. > Deut. zviii. 19. " Deut. xviii. 21. [] i Sam. iii. 20. 



PORTA M S IS. 15 

^JJinija ^NIdSnT riSl^iSK J^i'^XirtK confulere poflumus de rebus noftris, vel fimul 

*^n03 hSSk "^ nptKvSx INDiK^N univerfis, vel divifim fingulis, ut nobis a Deo 

nn ♦n'^N "INDDnSn TkSiN nai* mo "^^"^ nuncient ; ficut ifti ea quae forfan vera, for- 

^ars^a Sp in mn ,mS ^p1 ran fan falfa renunciant Hoc eft quod dicit Scrip- 

nnNT ipoe;' OOmp Ski pJil^O '-7N ^^m Dominus Deus tms Prophet am e medio tut, 

-|n?pa NOJ I'.-I^N » ' n? (Hi p N*7 &c. Atque has ob ratlones appellabant Prophe- 

♦aj'^K pep* NliKD. •»:n;?0'7N rnn'^l IDI tam, ;^ri^«/m ; quod res futuras, antequam ex- 

ri^ripriDO^X niON^X n* niN7 rp,'^T\ ifterent, prsevideret. Sicut dicit, " ^oniam Pro- 

iCiTi'' NO J 'D S^p NOD N*n31D ""rDp pheta hodie, an tea appellabatur Videns. 

: riNTin QOD"? Forfan autem [ita] apud fe putet quis ac dicat, 

p*15D Sm Slp'l ItO' KJNb ^^^Sl -^""^ ^'"S" ^^ veritate prasdidaonis eorum quae 

' ,^ . L..._.L..^ ^ l..-!._^L. .•-_.. w^..L.« eventura funt. vera renfebifiir PrnnVipi-ia pnmm 



f?«j s^n^j n'J^uuj7« '!,>/« j«ni«. prsditi, arrogare fibi prophetiam, cum quotidie 

♦7;r KJN';^ Dnxn: >*:K'7 nl33'7K pri> oculis noftris videamus fotura prsdicere. Atqui 

^4•^^^ nNyND^3 jnail' "IMfpnOKpN (novit Deus) hie locus eft magni momenti, quern 

njp3 \ii ♦J2J''l T^D '^VS rhha Chv oportet ut expiicemus, quo appareat differentia 

rhha JJ^ ^^ha IN^DX pi p'^fi'^K |0'7 inter illas quas Propheta a Deo refert, eorumque 

: 'PSk DNnVK "IKDDNI 'l'^ potentiis iftiufmodi praediti funt praediftiones. 

SnNI 1'QJ:oSn1 \tln^hii \ii SpXS ^ ^!'^° 'S'^*"' ^'"'■''^^^' AJtrohgos, atque ejus feftae 

pS r-INyND'7ND pnDi» SspSi iSi hommesprasdicereqmdemfutura, fedita, utr- 

Un. r^inv VM \nnn Kfnitr-i 4r^^ cefTano par_tim vera partim falfafint ; quod 



ne- 
& 



nuam eo- 



p H>pf« pDC^ anD pD* ]^1 p7yKan» alterfus ftierint : fed ut verum dicat quifqt 

nK'Nrj'7N ♦£) pT;;* |N NON m»J :jn3 rum in fmgulis, hoc impoffibile eft : neque id fibi 

♦1pSl« Kin SnKI SxnO "jSna KhSd arrogant iis potentiis praediti ; verum ubi dixerit 

tK ^p* np ^^3 ^^y'K nJI^T t^S 'l"'^' ^^^^^^ ^fi ^^^ <^»«^ ftcdtas, nulla per eura 

J^SVK TOan ^jS h'^np HJoSk rrin ^^^^'l^^ pluvia, fi pamm in eo pluati vel ubi 

J.-. L_.j,, ^» ^..qC J pjwA^ j^3;,rt dixent, Cr^j //«^/, fi poftridie pluat, i^c. ha- 

L^^ Zi, i^-. tlT^rt V..X 'l-i»M ^^^"^ h^*^ admodum excellens, atque ex illuftris 

t^iOl ^nJI ir^. Sfi'a "li^p^K STJ^ f^^^ hominibus, quos celebrant hiftoris. At- 

t<p»Kfi :K3 t*«:nK >nn "^^T p3e^K que hie eft fenfus ejus quod dicit "» iT^/^i- Babeli^ 

"Oil* in7K "inK£^07K pi ^r^j ^4'^j stent mm l£ fervent te fpecuUntes ccelos^ contem- 

Slp *3i?D in K"ini 2il3'7K '3 Onjj; plantes ftellas, cognofcere facientes menfes, ab iis 

*^3in ';|1];*C?V1 t<3 inpj^» '~?D3S n'piy' qua ventura funt fuper te. Et dixerunt fapientes 

D't^nnS CymO □♦SDIDI D'nnn D'Oty t-'^^ afier, ab Hs] non [Cc/ ajher, ab omni 

D'ODnSK J<lSKp1 n'Sj; 1K13» ItrKD ^"''^•] N°" f""* ^"tem promifta Prophetarum 

K^DJkSk nVKID D''71 njyK "73 kVi nrKD ^J"^"^^'^'' ^^^ penitus vera, quorum non inter- 

.pO^ N;Si Kn7^ ^^^^ 1^n3 ^:^X=m'lSrin'rni3qr'nu^: 

D'KI S'^J {^'71 ppn $<;:' 'C^ t^niO ^j^^ Propheta quis a Domino : ideo fi quando 

♦3J7K n3 "I33K KO j^J ♦& olf irritum fuerit eorum aliquod, noverimus eum 

•C' rtO 3Ni! Mix "J7i71 n77K |J7 mendaceni. Atque hoc eft quod dicit Scriptura, 

'3 3Kn375^ '^p ini n3'i3 XJO/^^ ^oniam non cadet e verba Domini in terram. 

J<in 'Ski rralK '*' 1310 TIS* kS Quod & innuit Jeremiah, ubi [loquitur] de iis, 

'3 iP"TKvSk pSkhSk *3 Pi'tyy "IKI^K ^"^ ^"^ ^'^ fomniis vera viderent, ea de quibus 

Dn'3Jn K03 p"l33' K1;K3 in7K {I'I'^Sk ^*^ moniti fuerant, ac fi prophetic eflent, enar- 

-1312 ni3:SK rv^ h:; u^r^mhm n3 ""^"^ ', ^."1^°' T-f ?J'"\ ? '°'^"!. T' 

J-.V. ....•.- Uv.l>. — .-,v««-,k -!«!,« ^n-L textus labefactans, dicit, ' Propheta, cut eft fom- 

inK n3"r nC^Kl 07n ->3T D17n iriK Uquatur verba mea in veritate. ^id palea 

"I3n nK pn7 no nOK n3T "13T f«w triUco ? dicit Dominus. Cujus didi fenfum 

^r^^ '^yO D'03n7K ^n3'3^ ♦'♦ DIKJ hunc reddunt Sapientes, quod prophetia quid 

^i'7 nr3K"i nl3:SK .|K niK DK737K purum fit, nee admiftum habeat falfi aliquid, 

♦flSy'^K nOp^KS SIsSk \D 'ty t<n31ty< inftar frumenti a palea pun ; at fomnia, aliaque 

KnK7J0 nj KOI nKOKiO^KI pn^K iO ejufmodi indicia, mendacium habent admiftum, 

pnSK3 3i3SK Kn31iy' rsinjVrbii ro '^^^' ^\^^, }n qua grana quaedam frumenti 

ci!?3 KiVxpa nop nK3n n^a ^k ["?.= ""^; '^T™"'' -f '"' '""^"^'^tfa Z ^1 

-,mj-.<k» ,v. -il ♦^»^ Lu^ -.^t, -„,-.,„ .vt«. trtttcum fine palea, tta fieri non poteft ut fit 

-irfl'K 'K -|3j3n K'^S n3'7-ltr3»K'K2^ fomnium abfque verbis falfis. Supereft autem 

K:n p31 07123 □n3n K73 D17n7 hie locus magni momenti, qui expUcatione in- 

♦3J7K ;K *]7'T1 niK'3 DP' '1'33 7:!f3 diget : fcil. Quod fiquis propheta mala populo 

merenti 

• Dent, xviii, 14. p i Sam. ix. 9. <i If»iah xlvii. 13. ' Jer. «iii. «8. ^, 



i6 



P OR 'f A M S I S. 



mcrenti comminetur: e. g. ftmem aut gladium, KiTlpHnON CStOpJtS linCfSs^a nj?i<")n NiX 
aut inundatum in ipforum i-egionem, yel defcen- f^^oSx IX ^^"IjSnD pmjrNin' |X htX2 



♦3D Kvvty -IDT. Sd. dnSdSn dh'Sj; 
inn li'K 'Njn S;? iS'Sx hdid*? 'mn 
n-rjri Tp nSSxi j;Ta» npj;' pD non 
'131 'DJK n^m nV Sxp NOD n'i)SN3 



dc mendacio Prophetae illius, ut Pfeudopropheta, *L 'JL^' ~ '^ l"' I L'' ti" 

quimortcmuldandus fit, habeatur, qu6d Voem- 'W^ ^? H^P ""^" P^ "^^"^^^^ '^^ 
ftimtDeummali,cumforfanpcemtentiamegerint, nV?N |N^ "rnpVx HO^'l np{y k»3j ^vn 
aut a pcccatis fuis deftiterint, aut diftulerit eos NpNn HDT\ Ipl HJ^in 7^? QH: ^i) rjT 
Dominus pro longanimitate fua, atque in aliud nijii Omil IN OrUN'":,')^ jy NI^NH 
tempusrejeceritj (ficutfecity^f/tfl^o, cuiper£//<z»» T^ii K03 niX INOf"? DH^JNl noSni 
dixit, • 7Vo» adducam malum in diebus ejus, in IH'Sk T 'Sy il^ nSlp 'i) DNHN VD 
diebus filii iffius adducam malum fuper domum ip- j^,^^^ ^^^ rty^ VOO nvnn N'2K ' N*? 
fius) aut remiferit ipfis ob merita antecedentia. ^^^^^^ ^ ^^ ^^,^ [^ 

Neque emm de hujulmodi rebus loquitur cum L^, -,^^U« »*1-, !,►,», .„ -.L, -,»,1__ 
dicit, Neque fuerit res ilia, neque eve7at. Quod /F ^^^^^ «^J ^^'^ \^ ^^^^^^1^ 
fi bona tempore conftituto eventura promiferit, P* *^^^ ^^^^ ^^"^ '^'^'^ '"'''"'' ^^ ^^^^ 
dicens, Futuram hoc anno pacem, evenerit autem ^Ip'^ '^'^^^- l^'^'' '''. ^"'"^ HNTDD "1>'l 
bellum; aut, Futurum hunc annum pluvium (d [pPiSi OHif^H Nin '3 JIDn rlnn^K |N 
fertilem, flierit autem fterilis & ficcus, ^c. erit n*3N1 mao rlJD^N HlH JK 7p» IN riJnfl ' 
hie Pfeudopropheta, de cujus prstextuum falfi- IHD "jSi HDE^N NQI ntSilp n;?>NJ jlDHD 
tate & mendacio conftat. Atque hie eft de quo hDIDI HNI;^"! |NStD3 TO IDT "IpC^ N'Dl 
dixit Dominus, ' Per fuperbiam loquutus eft illud p^,^ -,j^ ,^l^L,j^ w^^^p ,^L,[^. ^^J, j^^-,, 
Propbeta,non ttmebts ab eo, u e. Non terrebit ^^L, , ^^^^ Ij^.i^ ^.^^^ ^^^^ 

neque avertet te a caede ejus, rebgio, bonitas, aut -,„i_„, __,^, _..^ -L-,, ,..--«.» ^...„» 
fckntiaipfius, cum per fuperbiam magna profeflus, '7?^^^ '^'^^ njH n'7np U; -in"! ^r3» 
Ma de Deo loquutus fUerit. Nam quoties Deus '^ MNnaNI nonoj; 'JTINT IDNJn jN 
populo per Prophetas bona promiferit, fieri non DNIpN ^1)^1 t>4iN n77N |N7 n77N 
poteft, quin ea perficiat, ut ita prophetiam ipforum 
apud homines confirmet : atque hoc eft quod dix- 
crunt [Majores noftri] Omne verbum quod prodie- 
rit ex ore Domini in bonum, etiam conditione ad- 
ditd, non tamen revocat. Quod ad illud autem 
quod timeret Jacob, poftquam ipfi Deus bona pro- 
mififlit, cum diceret, Et ecce ego tecum, &c. (in- 

venimus enim ilium timuifle perditionem, dicente '''^1'' ^["•^ jk7(I^k 'i^g np nj<j~iji 
[Scriptura] y //»»«// 7««* W^f) dixerunt Sapi- D'O^H'^N Nmpl 131 INO 3pr^'"» 
entes, timuifle eum ne praevaleret ipfi peccatum, NHD pnnO' 3ii nip p 'Jt'D nJN "171 '3 

2u6 perditione dignus fieret : atque hoc eft quod Dlljl* NOiy 13D Np OnSlp "ini ']N^n7N 
icunt, Putavit forfan peccatum in caufa futurum, "mv Ip NiPN n77N |N "jSi ^T5 N'Onn 
i^c. Oftendit autem hoc, aliquando etiam pro- "p-^ ^"^Tf nSi DlJiSx iSjinS 1o'!'N3 
mittente Deo bona, praevalere peccata, ne rata j^p ,5 p^i ^12^^ -1^, ^f{ D^yXG I'jSn 
fiant bona ifta. Scias ergo evenire quidem hoc ^Lj^^ L^^, .^ ^^^ ,^^^ ..^^ -,C,L,^ 
mter Deum & prophetam -, at ut jubeat Deus jL ,—^ JLUi*, -..-^ r,v»^Uw» L«. >^ .^,UU 
Prophetam bona populo fimpliciter denunciare, ^^ °" }J00 n03 DSjbX T^V JN OJ^^? 
qua deinde [eventu] non confirmentur, hoc certe P^' **^'' ^'^^-^. ^^'^'"^^ ""'^^^ 1^ ^^r»* 
falfum eft, quod fieri non poflit ; neque enim fu- ^ nnvn PVID 'pi' |KD D»7 n:N7 
pereflet locus undedignofceretur Veritas Prophetias, ^VN ilDNnD 'D NJND^^N "Ip im fllDi'^N 
cum ipfe in libro fuo hanc nobis regulam dederit. Kin '^Nl m;;X10 pTlf3 inDO' nJN 
dignofcendum Prophetam ex veritate promiflio- 1J^ n'O^V "IKC'N Q'ti)J77N SvnSn 
num ipfius. Atque ad hanc regulam illuftrem, jj}^ ^^ mr^T p n»Jin ;;a naxSniX 
digitum intendit Jeremias in contentione fua cum ^^^^^ .-j^tj-ji^j^^ iC^SxD '3ir\' TVT^'y 
Hanania filio Aaxuri, ubi prophetat Jeremias de ' ,^ ^^!u ^,„. •^',v»^A '>>-,o-. -wM^t-ir*,^ 
„,alo& perditione, fl:turum5uel.tiV.^iw«.zz.r ^XS^\^^^\^'''i ™. r^^nn 
viftoriapotiretur, &fuperior[pugna]fa<austem- 2?^^? P^^* 7^ , P n^Jjm tTTpan 
plum vaftaret, Hananias autem f. ^azar/ bona ^'^^^ ^^^ '^^^ ' ' T'V^-' ^^V '"'^^f^ 
annunciat, fc. reportatum iri Hierofolyma vafa nn^lNJD 't3 n'OI' n7 7Kp3 oStyn'J) 
templi, qua tranflata fuerant 5fl^f/m ; quare dixit Ch |N ^IH nblf)nD7N '71VN'?N ♦'?); nS 
illi Jeremias inter difceptandum, Confentaneum iTJ^jni "IVJIDI^J 37J N7T 'mDJ JlDlin 
eft fundamentis apud nos fervatis, etiamfi non j^q "1^1 »£) p'Sfl tZJ^tn N/^D ♦'♦ HO 'Sd 
confirmetur vaticinium meum, neque vidloria po- ^q^ CXIDTTV rhhn ^'U^ ♦fllSJ 3'ij)' 
tiatur Ar^^«f^^^«^z2«r,. nee reportentur vafa Do- ^.^ ^D PJin nS iSp DDn* Ch IN 
mus Dommi, ficut tu [futurum] affirmas, non ^^^^^ JL^ t,,^^^ -n<,J-iU«-, «-f ^.^^ V. 
tamen eflb in his, quod me prophetam efle men- ^^P^ ^j}^^^ I ^^.^-^Jl^^-^P^ Jl 
dacem arguat, cum fieri poflit ut Dominus mife- ^ ^^^ ^^^'^ \p^ ^^^^ '^^ nUJ 17 
reatur eorum j verum fi non confirmetur diftum ^^ i^^^ "1^ "^^p in Nni 1)^ WN 
tuum, neque reducantur vafa domus Domini, "j'^fNl IDH 'DiN Itt'N Hin lain nN 

»:rN3i 

I ^ I Reg. 31,24. ^ Deut. zviii. 24. 



PORTA M S I S. 



17 



Vn "ity.K D*NOJn intn D;? H'D OrKSI certo conftablt illud quod tibi arrogls, falfum efle, 
ninX ^N .1N31'1 dSi;?!"! jo "l^JflS'l 'JsS "^q^^ certo conftabit te prophetam efle, donee 
DVlS nonSoS m'7nj m:DSDQ Sj;T mnn fl"tu comprobentur promiffa ifta de bonis a te 



ih nc'SKi n^D^Kn KiDJn ihSn n^^jk'^k 



«««f verbum hoc quod ego loquor in auribus tuis, 
&' in auribus univerfi fopuli. Prophet ,£ qui fue- 
runi ante me & ante te a fieculo., (^ prophetave- 
runt ad terras multas i^ fuper regna magna, de 
bello, i^ mala ^ pefte : F rophet a ^ qui prophet ahit 
de pace, cum venerit verbum prophet^e, fcieturpro- 
pheta quern miferit Dominus in veritate : quo difto 

_ _ innuit, quod ad Prophetas illos qui prophetarunt 

j[^'pJj-^,j^' '^Ij'^^'^'L^j^^p^ ^no mOX ^^ ^°"° ^ '"^'°' "°" conftare ex malo quod com- 

kSvS hr'liy^N '3 W \i< '^^^ii I'^'^'^a "'^"''; ^""'' ""''' "' ^'L^ fibi prophetiam arroga- 

»>/j/-ii!*' d^/r* ^u.w L. __». .-.L ...L vennti verumargumentumeftveracitatisipforum, 

N:N OK im nT:i n^ a JN to pO' k'? ^. ^ ^onum, quod promifemnt, ratum fuerit. 

'H y^j;n2 nOK NIK HJN "m nfli'Nl UbiverodevocationeProphetscertdconftiterit, 

IK nc?P mVO r^J P nViO'^N p mVO juxtafundamenta prsmiffa, notaeque fuerit famae,ut 

?D DN'nioSN.p ^m 3Drn* |W "IOK in 5«w«e/(?, £//«, &c. Prophetas ifti conceflUm eft, 

7KnnaK nrNSa n^^yn N7 J^VaO ;?'0j illud in Lege facere, quod alii nemini ; illud nempe 

nO?7 nhy n];n pi "1^1 j^'Oi '3 mOK quod defcnpturus fum, fcil. cum omitti jubet prs- 

•.i^ j^-^j miSy 'i3 TJ O'OS^ 'TD nn'D ceptum quodvis ex aflirmativorum numero, aut 

Orhv in "noSn'^N '3 D^ODhSS n perpetrari quicquam quod prasceptum aliquod ne- 



gativum prohibeat, necefle efle didto ipfius per om 
nia parere, & quicunque tranfgreflus fuerit illud, 
reum fieri mortis caelitus infligendas, caufa Idolo- 
latrias excepta. Atque hasc eft fententia Sapientum 
in Talmude, ubi dicunt, In omnibus, ft dicat tibi 
Propheta, tranfgredere verba Legis, aufcultes ipfiy 

,.._ . . I . _ excepta Idololatrid ; verum haec conditione, ne 

y^^inttha p riyniJ^ *^)^ n^nSiO ton* perpetuum velit efle mandatum iftud, dicens pras- 
nrO n» h)f Xni Thha KJy'ia^ ^tha cepifle Dominum hac de re, ut ita fiat ufque in 
N03N1 D*N"» yy nvrha Nin :K niNJ^a feculum, fed tantum jubeat illud per occafionem 
r-1 no Syp' NO naty topa mha SlinO* ^^'IT; "'r "'^' l"^ tempus defignatum : atque 

in3 in'7N ^ys NO 7no n^^ar riNmn '3 



nn V niDy N^23 "]S nON' DN Sd3 

tDitya pS m? miDyo |"in iS yoiy nmn 

nSbN JN Sip'l nON^N -ffl -I3N' N7 JN 
-13NJ '"JN t^-lD SyD» IN J<in3 -ION 

NO riPNn 2Dn3 nn ion* nojni -imSN 
I'n Snd» nD33 WNi npi pn npi '3 



oStyinn pni nSi^; 3npn hSn Sonsn 
t3rS» Si;3 ■j7'ti tynpo'^N Nr!»3 'i3 np 
h-isSn »33 noN pT nS;;3 i"? ;n nV;;N3 
|3 nSip3 3Nn37N p »3 njv hSSn. m: 
HNTn "ii^N opo S33 T^w i^^i^^ 



Propheta ipfe, quoties juflerit mandatum aliquod 
ex iis quas prascepit Dominus per Mo/em, tranfgre- 
di, fi interrogatus fuerit, refpondeat, tranfgreflionem 
iftam non fore perpetuam» fed imprasfentiarum 
tantum committendam, quemadmodum facere fo- 
let Senatus in fententia ad breve tempus valitura. 
Sicut fecit EHah in monte Carmel, quando obtulit 
facrificium extra Hierufolyma, etiam poft extrudum 
illic Sanftuarium ; quod quidem faftum perpetra- 
torem, abfquejuflli Prophetico, reum feciflet ex- 
cidii, utpote a Deo prohibitum in textu Legis, 
ubi dicit, " Ne forte offer as oblationes tuas in omni 
loco quern videbis, poena excidii conftituta in eum 
qui ita faceret, quemadmodum dicit de eo qui ex- 
tra [locum ilium] obtulerit, fanguis imputabitur 
viro ijli, fanguinem fudit, i^ excindetur vir ilk e 
populo fuo. Quod fi ab ipfo (c. p.) inter ofi'eren- 
dum in monte Carwf/ quacfitum fuiflet, quid dices. 



3npo '3 Snp N03 m37N nSj;N3 ot9ni 
ri'Sy hjdS voj;o Ninn ty^Nn.nnDJi pnn 
■nni nnnpn |;n 's td i*? onSd^n 
hpD Srp: |N Sipn NO nS Spi Sonon 
•^Vi ^3 Sn'p'^ nm^N □♦N"T ivth^ Nin 
3'ino pn3 ypp \d |n"i ni' nS hjn 
3nD n3 pjS |N'7N S;?3' Nin pS nno 
NODT Dnn'Ni NO jnSd3i 7;73n 'N'aj 
rifiTj '3 hinL'h rr\m '3 ;;iy''7N 7j;d 

h:.-„L -,..,♦ cs* «,«wm N>^ -l!-l^-l *h iCU fuiflet, nequaquam hoc licere, atque 1 Hum qm ex- 

rmt> TM:; r^a n^nvn N^ n^ip '3 ^i;?! tra(7.r«A/^.«)oflferret, excidii pcenateneri: hocau- 

mn n7NT 7n ^na TD pi iHJ V?;; ^^^ ■ fadum, qu6 palam faciamus mendacium 

]H 7npr!D07J< '3 Np 7nn nj;nty7N Prophetamm Baal, atque illud quod prx fe ferunt, 

fini'NnO i:y nO;;£307N nJUpN yOpi irritum faciamus. Nee non ficut fecit Elipa,. cum 

7);3' Nfin pS nSn ni' nS 7Np7 nX'^i^N juberet Ifraelem in expugnatione Moabi, arbores 

n~lDr> SNn03 N;n n'^ SfJN NJNI usSn frugiferas excindere, dicens, " Et omnem arborerd 

"h ;?'N-\iy*?N y»OJ '3 S^'nSn Nin n^S;; pUchram dejicietis, cCim Deus hoc facere vetuerit 

NJ3V1 NOD nm3J Nn:i7 nnV np '3i in ^i'^^^^^^' ^'on perdetis arborcm fecunmipfi ad- 

--,.-. .x» — ,-,-,L». — „ ,^ ^^JL I—,-,, movendo : quod fi mterrogatus fuiflct E/rpa, num. 

Opi ,N n3D^N DV '3 tsJJ^ ^ip» f^blatum efTet hoc mandatum, liceretque nobis in 

pofterum arbores frugiferas excindere, ciim loca quasvis obfidemus ? utique dixiflet, Non licere, 

verum hoc impraefentiarum tantum faciendum. Porro, ut adducamus hie tibi exemplum, cujus 

ope hanc regulam omnibus pracceptis accommodare poflis. Si Propheta, de cujus prophetia certo 

Vol. L E apud 



Jer. xxviii. 7. 



Deut. xii. I 3. 



2 Reg. iii- 19- 



i8 



PORTA M S I S. 



S-iK 7np:\ n7Dn;i nin^x nN'?x xn^ 



N10P7 QHKDi n'^noi") anSNiDN 2n:j") 

Dim DKtrjn n.'Dj? ko .j;»oj S;;3J"» 
in ♦I'^N .nNnj^K nri '3 n7j;3i i^D 



hemur] vi praecepti affirmativi, ncut mandavit no- 
bis Dominus per Mofen^ ^ Ipfum audietisy & per 



apud nos Conftat, ficut defcripfimus, juflerit nos 
<fie Sabbati omnes, tarn foeminas quam viros, fur- 
gentes ignem accendere, quo paremus nobis in- 
ftrumenta bellica quibus inftruamur, ac loci alicu- 
jus incolas eodem die occidere, eorum opes diri- 
pere •, & mulieribus ad libitum uti ; oporteret 
nos, qui Mq/is legem accepimus, contra locum 
iftum nihil cunftantes infurgere, ficut nobis prae- 
cepit, omniaque quae fuggeflerit, expedite ac dili- 

genter facere, fine fcrupulo aut haefitatione creden- ... 

tes omnia qua: fecerimus ipfo Sabbati die, fcil. dum j;'N3V7K ^0^1 tJO'i?^ "I'pl TD nSD 

ignem accendimus, operd facimus, occidimus & ,siJ-)3 niVD NnJK S^npSxi SnpSjil 

pugnamus, praeceptumefle, cujusfperemusnosa tsJi^NmrN*? J^J'^Sk tO 2i^in Xn% 

Deo premium [confequuturos] quod aufcultaven- .^ »^ ,y ^ ,.L' : ^JL 

traditionem accepimus. In omni, fi dixerit tibi ^'^J 1^ '^0^^* OK T'DD '^J^i* 

Propheta, tranfgredere verba Legis, aufcultes ei, fin 'M yf2V n^lH nm ^ 113]; 

excepta Idololatria. Quoniam fi dixerit nobis, ^<J7 "r^Np |K niN7 mt mi3)?0 

Colas hoc tantum die figuram [aliquam] aut fuffi- IK DD7D7N Kin DpD DvSk n^j^^K 

tum facias ftellaeifti ad unamtantumhoram,morte nj^f^oSx ("Tin iDID'^K i<iii7 *1D3 

afficietur, neque ei aufcultabitur. Qaod fiquis, qui ,y C,^-, j^^j^ ^^^ „^p, j^L^ (J^^ 

Jb.rehgionisacprobitatiscultorv.detur,fueritque ^ 1 ^ 

fenex astate provedus, dixent. Cum fimus fenes, ^„„C .„ ,l' s.-,,.,^ ^L^,,» . -Jr ' {l^-«i 

&totannosvixerimus, neque unquam mandatum ^^i^^N p '7 J^I'DD KD'E^ pDJl ^ip^D 

aliquodtranfgreflifuerimus, nunc tandem die Sab- rf<^«y7N (O njpU^ »7y .tj^n: 07 N7D 

bati fiirgentes tranfgrediemur in re vetita fub poena O^D in ♦■^7^{ DV^K OlpJI tOp 

lapidationis, & exibimus ad pugnam, quod ad me wH SniJI iH^pO 11DJ< '^TJ^ n];;^21 

. autem, ego nihil omnino [dicam vel faciam,] & "lyi Jsi71 'I^JJ t>J7 XJK1 ^KDpSi* 

funt praeter me qui fufficiant, & magna hominum 7NnnQNS \T\>n2. Di<J*?Nl X'^^hn n»J ♦SI 

copia qui rem iftam praeftare valeant ; hie certe i^^ fk^^ ^yh^ ^hiS "^Dnhii Kin 

immorigerum fe praebet verbo Domini, & reus eft ,-,,^ nn'O 3"n lni PlS^N DK^3 

mortis coelitusinfligendae, cum tranfgreffus fit illud ^^^^ ,t^ ,^^^ ^1^^ ^,^^ 

y\u ^i3D7i<i :;nt:r ^nSj^i 'IjjSx 
-in* Kai p: Sd iqk SNnncKi 
NO nm mo>s 'Sj; 'nyn pi 
r'Kn n'ni ♦'7»^;ro nSip ini Kin^i 
niT n^N n^n Sk ;;o{y» k*? "ib^k 



quod juffit Propheta, quia qui prascepit [obfervari] 
Sabbatum, prascepit etiam obfervari cujufvis Pro- 
phetae mandatum & decretum. Quique tranfgrefTus 
fuerit mandatum ipfius, ejus, quod commemora- 
vimus, fupplicii reus eft, atque hoc eft quod dicit 
Dominus, Erit autem ut vir qui non aufcultaverit 
verbis meis^ qua loquetur nomine meo^ ego requiram 
ab ipfo. Interea tamen fi quis nodum aftriftio- 
rem die ifto Sabbati, dum ea prasftat opera, nex- 
uerit, cujus opus non fit in re aliqua qu£e conferat 
ad perficiendum illud a Propheta praeceptum, 
reus eft lapidationis. Quod fi vel ipfe Propheta, 
qui nobis ilia die ifto Sabbati facienda pnecepit, 
dixerit, (& nos juflui fuo obfequentes habuerit) 
Eft terminus [itineris diei] Sabbati [praefcriptus] 



pi pTi lOj^O 

□V7N Kin ♦£} rm^Kn rtrpr "ipJ^ 
;;'KJV7j? nin nSo;; H^n 'd n^obK 
p '{y '3 rp^ is^nn* tssS >^po 
p7K ickSk Sj^nnoK 'V x\WTh^ 
Sxp ^sfl nS'pp nah nn ^^:bvi id.h 
j^pa ^<:-l2K n^j? npsj ojSk ^4in 
KJ7nncxD 03D7K dtSk Kin ^a 7ok 



r*^"ii "I'J I's^s nns^ ciM^n |k n-icK 
linj p nj;<t -jSi ddji ;^Knii rs'?}^ .i« 



«M0 mtnus bis mille cubitorum, aut unius & bis 

mile, atque hoc obtenderit indicatum fuifl"e fibi per _ _ 

revelationem, non per viam difquifitionis, aut ar- i,,-,^" cKpi^^ji -l'bAK"pnD"ro' ' kV" 'm'?K 
gumentatioms h:cjampfeudoprophetaeft, ftran- p ^ ^^^i^ ,i^^ ^ II, I 

gulatione e medio tollendus. Juxta hoc ergo con- ' ' >' . k -' '« i'- ' 'i>i^ »•> -u 

jefturam fume de omnibus quas praeceperit tibi Pro- 
pheta, & fi qua reperies in Scriptura e mandatis 
Prophetarum, quas contraria fint alicui Legis prae- 
ccpto, clavis [tibi] erit hasc regula ad ea omnia [in- 
telligenda.] Atque hoc uno diftinguitur Propheta 
ab aliis hominibus in Legis praeceptis declaraiidis. 
Quod autem ad difquifitionem & argumentationem 



Ko riVoii ♦^jSk n3 
w (pay ojpDK, p 



& intelligentiam in Lege, perinde fe habet ac reli- 
qui fapientes ejufdem cum ipfo ordinis, qui prophe- 
tia inftruiili non funt. Quod fi ciim interpretatio- 
nem aliquam attulerit, aliamque afferat quifpiam 
non Propheta, dicat Propheta ilk. Dixit mihi Do- 
minus interpretationem meam veram efle, non au- 



r 

,..._ _ .,_. ,.. K-lpo'^K '3 Tin 
j>i HKnsp T',«;.'«7K ^iin3 ;;\sn{ySK \d 
I'Kp \D 'iJ^^K '7i't3:' mni t;in 'Sfi rhj 

7'KDD ina npnc'^N* '3 npsn^'^i dk^Ski 
tiiDJ K7 vi?^ njpnKO' t'iSfJ nr^DnSji 



OibK, Sipn ^s»>^Nn '333 d*'? p 
in 'ViKn |}< nS'?K 'S Sxp jk 

f]7K ^3 mjo y!2D' xSs n'nV7K 

Kix >"k^"'7Ki in'Sf^ SfitD onSD oi 

t>tiSiKn 

y Deut. xviii. 15. 



M S I S. 



19 



contrariam, ad plures inclinandum eft, & facere 
[tenentur homines] juxta fententiam fapientum 
mille & uniuSj non juxta fententiam mille Prophe- 



P R r A 

DDiTJ DDn fj^KI ^iTlKM MylXn fcultabitis ipfi. Imo fi vel mille Prophetae, qui 
rilLjnS tyT\ nnj^ "hi "li t^lSlXn omnes fint inftar Elia & Elijh<e, interpretationem 
DDm DDn hSkSk ^inlD '^r So^tSkI afFerant, fapientes autem mille & unus aliam illi 

t^S n'aiS3 pj p r«^in» 'S n-lOK t^^um illuftrium. Atque ita dicunt Sapientes, 

™0 t<JyD?y ^S"?"! i-r? t<Dn'i; rnn Certe, fi diceret mihi illud Jojhuah filius iV"K« ore 

yrh^ tS"Q' OK ^<'l*7Kp t^^V'^* P^21 fuo, non aufcultarem illi, neque audirem illud ab 

Si:D3 'h X^^nyiJ 'r'^JCn .l^ibin nOKn Ipfo. Et fimlliter etiam dixerunt. Si venerit 

jnS'T i<7 |K "hi'2 pj;^' iS pyOlU^ pX Elias & dixcrit, Difcalceationem peragunt calceo •, 

TX\'2hii nnj p fiJ^ne^SK '3 tNVpJ nSi audiunt ipfum : fm fandalio, non audiunt ipfum : 

SnD hSSn TK 'I]: 'VnK tK KONI njU <1"° 1:^""^"' non [fieri] ullo modo augmentatio- 

' ' ' ' ' nem in praecepto ex parte prophetiae. Quod fi 

dixifle ipfi Dominum fen- 

. ■ ^^.*_^^.. x.^ j-.^^-^^tv- ^Ji, tali modo ferendam, at- 

2_2' — ; y ' tzr ' "' L IZ" U que efle argumentationem t» c/^av©" veram, morte 
•-7"1D~»7N nyi "-^nin ^«7 1^7 t<i7>'N affidetur Propheta ifte, quoniam Pfeudopropheta 
}<7 ]NVp^ ^^z'"' nnN'T xVl ^'l^i'7^J eft, juxta fiindamenta a nobis pofita, quia non eft 
'^, P^^^ iiy?TV ch^ N»n D'Q^D demiffio [legis] poft legatum primum, neque ad- 

dere licet vel diminuere : non eft in aslis, neque 
remifit nos Dominus ad Prophetas, fed ad doftos 
argumentandi peritos ; neque enim dixit, Et ac- 
cedes ad Prophetam ; verum dixit, Et accedes ad 
S<tcerdotes, Leviias, aut ad Judicem, &c. Per- 



D'iHDn Sk nxm ^ap nq:ni nop 
i<v'jj< Tpi "I31 Lsairn Sk ik ciSn 
im xnj K"iJ x^t?ii Kin 'fi D'OShSn 



■ ! -— ■ , JJ « quam multa autem adduxerunt Sapientes in hanc / 

rrSi; yiyiH' niit2 t^pba DNIV^K fententiam-, qu^ certe vera eft. ^ 

'VDHrha p. HNin KO 7Dn DK7D7K Cum autem moreretur7e/?JM«(cui pax) quafcun- 

JTjJ i?p' 0*71 nJNQt '3 JninOK not que traditione acceperat interpretationes, nee non 

^DpT i]ihn'Diibii yp") KOT fjNSriDK quascunque ipfius tempore in lucem prolatae funt 

Dm D'JpiS'? IJIDnSk DrriO^ n»3 iineulla[interpo(aores]diflenfione,&qu£ecunque, 

»D» SdI OTD DKriDSi^ SnP piSj? cum de lis incidlflet difienfio, ex plunum confenfu 



decifae funt, commendatas reliquit Senioribus illis, 

de quibus dicit Scriptura, "^ [Et omnibus diebusfenio- 

rum qui poft Jofuam diu vixerunt.'] Deinde com- 

mendarunt feniores ifti quaecunque traditione ac- 

ceperant, Prophetis (q. p.) Et Prophetamm alii 

aliis -, ita ut nullum eflet faeculum in quo non in- 

quifitum fuerit in fententiam legis, & conclufiones 

inde elicitas : Uniufcujufque fa:culi hominibus fer- 

tlxSriDJ^ mones eorum qui iplos prasceflerant pro funda- 

' mento ponentibus, unde conclufiones educerent 

atque elicerent. De fundamentis autem traditione 

acceptis nulla fuit diflenfio ufque ad tempus viro- 

rum Synagogue magji.-f, qui fuerunt Haggai, Za- 

cbariah, Malachi, Daniel, Hananiah, Aiiftjael^ 

Azariah, Ezra Scriba., i^ Nehemiab f. ChacaliiS, 

Mordecaiy i^ Zerubbabel fil. Sbealtiel, cum aliis 

qui hifce prophetis conjundi funt, quibus perfice- 

rent numerum centum &: viginti feniorum ex in- 

CrODr^N nn^N in ninxb^J^ rD^Pn^N ^lytls & pra^dpu^ authoritatis viris, aliifque ejuf- 



^'^^m no -^x^tyKSN yahMi NiSon on 
j^'DjkSni dnSdSn Dn'7;; nojnSS 
3;pn nSn \nf2f p not vj^n*? aniiy^ 
'?D SnK hyy'^ t'^\:rhii^ npanSx n^a 
aiDnon iib-;{ii np3D jo okSd nv;? 
ah rtr\Dhii Sv^n'^ni j^kh: injn. njo 
]NonN Svi |N ha xn^a ,_ . _ 
r\n:i^ un om nSnjn no^D 'irJN7 
nniyi h^v'D^ n'jjm ha^rt^ '^nSoi 
^y^1D^ nh^n p rronii naion Nn?yi 
NSiNn ha fiKifoi hn'rhav; p 733^*1 
pj Ni'ty inti');i h'NO axon n'^jn^n 
aira ii^7\pii^^Q omn:*! pjDom ly-inn 
nn'u inTjiT anSnp io 7;;a nod en 
"f^n lO Sji 7DX1 m:pri iJ'Pnni 



pT;fn pi^piy im n^eroSN ♦& pm^no'^N 
nv;7SK jn '3 Sinj pD i^a im 
ij'm '7J^ onn;;^ |^fot7N MnJK koVd 
mvy -na jNDi.Di^SDS}* r\hy u^npn 
nS^N yoj np Sjn iNDi njNor nnxn 
pnnoN NO Skvj)S»si no^noSx p n»a 
-trm moD' |N nnvj^yo nj;r Nna 
;o ]NDi n-nn* noDN indt tynpn 
NOD rtsn: 'a nSno^N ripa-n q^:^'?^ 
lyxn N*? on i^n n'»yo ^o'O NiSxp 
»a |i*D"i "THK Dipoa nSnji n-nn 
nD:i yifN"in7NM jniSN p ftNnj 
♦31 noa^o ata NiSxp «od nNiVSj* 



modi, qui etiam in fententiam Legis inquirentes, 
uti fecerunt qui ante ipfos fuerant, decreta decre- 
verunt & conftitutiones ordinarunt. Ultimus 
autem virorum ccetus iftlus fanfti primus fuit Sa- 
pientum quorum in Miftonah fit mcntio : fc. Si- 
meon Juftus, qui tunc temporis Sacerdos fummus 
fuit. Poft quos, cum proceflia temporis ventum 
eft ad Rabbenu Hakkadcfh [Dodlorem noftrum 
fandum] cui pax, qui fuit fajculi fui phoenix, at- 
que unicum temporis decus, vir certe in quo [in 
unum] collegerat Deus dotes eximias & virtutes 
eas ob quas apud ffuyj^^fovsr fuos meritus eft appel- 
lari Rabbenu Hakkaacftj, cum nomen ipfi eflet 
Judah, quique in fummo fcicntiae & celfitudinis 



gradu conftitutus fuit, ficut dixerunt, A diebus 
Mofis ufque ad Ribbi non vidimus Legem i^ nobilitatem fimul [conjundas,] b fumrao etiam pie- 

tatis 

f Jof. xxiv. 31, 



io 



PORTA M S I S. 



tatis tc hurnilitatis, & abftinentiae a voluptatibus 
gradu, yd etiam dixerunt. Ex quo mortuus eft 
Kibbi^ cejfavit humilitas (jf timor peccati -, homi- 
num infuper eloquentiflimus, & linguje Hcbraica; 
callentiflimus, adeo ut explicationem verborum 
legis difficiliorum e fermotie fervorum & miniftro- 
rum ipfius difcerent Sapientes, ficut in Talmude 
manifeftum eft, cuique tanta fuit opum copia & 
rerum omnium affluentia, ut de ipfo dicerent, 
PrafeSfus ftabulorum Ribbi ditior erat Sapor e rege, 
ipfe beneficentiam erga literates & ftudiofos ex- 
crcens, legem in Ifraele confirmavit, fententiis, 
diftis, & difFerentiis ore traditis a Mofc ufque ad 
tempora fua colledis, cum & ipfe ex iis eflet qui 
ore tradita referebant : utpote qui referret quas 
acceperat a Simeone patre fuo, ut ille a Gama- 
liele patre fuo, ille a Simeone patre fuo, ille ab 
Hillele patre fuo, ille a Shemaiab & Abtalione 
praeceptoribus fuis, illi a Juda Tabb^i filio, & 
Simeone Shatabi filio, illi a. Jofua Pherakai 
filio & Nathteo Arbelita, illi a Jofe Joezeri f. 
& Jofe Juchanani filio, illi ab Antigono Socenfi, 
ille a Simeone jufto, ille ab Ezra, (quoniam ipfe 
c fuperftitibus Synagogae magnae fuit,) Ezra vero 
a Baruco Neria filio, praeceptore ipfius, Baruc au- 
tem Neriie f. a Jeremia, ut & Jeremias fine dubio 
acceperat a Prophetis, qui alii ab aliis acceperant 
ufque ad Seniores, qui Jofua, quae ipfe a Mofe 
retulit, accepta tulerunt. Colleftis igitur fententiis 



^yi\^ NO -roan p-t'Dno* kijnd 

DN'?3 ID »Snp07K bN3bN [2 DH'b'j; 

ninc'07x p, K-im n'3T>noi nsii 

>'NDnN1 '^KD^N p IN.D1 -tl^Sn^N '3 

;?Di3 «o>o niDii'q Tnj; nin *3-n 

'^nNpNbNi nN'N")n'7x ;;dji '^sniyo n-nn 

|0 nD3i '3 in |ND1 noN'K 'Sk tjt\ 

m n'2N \\:^w I); n'3N Sn'^oj ijr 

Ij; nnNnoN jv^dni n^^rim "^ rv^a 

p 'Dv IT '^:nKn »Knji n^ms p 
ly'N DJJ'DJK ]); pnv p 'dvi nrjrv 
hjnS N-io; ;;; pnvn ppoc^ 1^ ^^w 
"jinn |y N-ir;r"» n'^njin noJD n'lyo 
p; nni p •^inDi mj<nDK nn: p 
pD -^ty nS:! n»o-i' 'n Nlom n»on» 
''?« oi iv Oi n»:}Jk'?k p crrpn 

Syi S'iNpN*7Ni pHNio'^N j;oj koSd 



& diiftis [iftis,] manum admovit componendas ^ _^ 

Mfhna, quae omnium quae in Lege fcripta funt nSOVnO^N ' HiiyoSK fl'SKn' '3 t'^K 
praeceptorum explicationem contineret, partim tra- »t) nViyJO^N ;;'{<"lty'?J< i^'OJ *TD3n 
ditionibus a Mofe (cui pax) ore acceptis, partim 
confequentiis argumentationum elicitis de quibus 
nulla eft diflenfio conftans : partim conclufionibus 
circa quas contigit diflenfio inter duos argumen- 
tandi modos : quas ergo una cum ifta diflenfione 
recenfuit, [dicens] N.Jic, N. verofic dicit : quod 

li quis pluribus contrarius fuerit, fententlam fin- ^_ _ ... .. ,_ . . ^ .. ,_ 

gularis iftius,_& fententiam plurium retulit •, quod DnSdiSpiKiSn DnS^ nSn'' n;?NOJ ^ii~f\ 
ob caufas fecit valde utiles, quarum in Mifhna m j^-^j n"I*3D INI'dS iSt SvS") roiSj* 
tit Adayoth, [feu de teftimoniis] meminit, quas & KmDNi NJN1 nvnj; '3 nitt'O^K '3 K.-PDi 
iple commemoraturus lum, led [explicatoj pnus 
magni momenti, quod hie referre vifum eft, capite : 
fcil. Dicat forfan aliquis. Cum fuerint explicatio- 
nes Legis (uti ftatuimus) ore acceptas a Mofe (juxta 
di<5tum eorum a nobis relatum, 'Tola Lex aim uni- 
verfalibus, particularibus Of minutiis fuis di£la eft 
de Sina) quasnam tandem funt fententia; iftae par- 
ticulares quas Conftitutio Mq/is e Sina audiunt ? 

Haec ergo regula fundamentals eft quam tenere n»no\V TDNShSk TN "iSil .'r'Tr flpn jJJ 
oportet, nempe. Quod de exphcationibus quae j^j^L, ^^^^ ^^.^^ ^^L,^^^^ j^L, ^^ 
Mqfi acceptae feruntur nulla fit omnmo controver- «^. ',v»^w^v» -,,•. \—k i4.«%sv» -,-.- ,ir 
fia. cum hue ufque nullam omnino tempore ali- J^P ^^^P^^ ^^, °^ ^^^^^ ^^^ '^*< 
quo a Mofe ufque ad Rab Aft,i difcrepantiam cui- '^^ ^^ '^« ^j^'^ P l^^^^"^^ P \^^^ '3 
piam fapientum [ab aliis] incidifib reperimus, adeo I^jp'7"'nJ< 7Np3 D'.tDDn^N p inH fO 
ut diceret quidam. Si quis oculum alteri eruerit, 'I^^K '^^pb iiyj; DHnn I^Sw'.j^j; SHlN* p 
jpfi oculuseruendus,eo quod dicat Dominus,>Oc«- iib^ riDHD Dp3 nnVx "TrX hup) j»_J^3 "^y 
lus pro oculo ; alius aiitem, teneri tantum ad preti- y^ n3 hSSk '^Ip '3 flN'SlpN* Ni'N* Kiljl 
um folvendum. Neque invenimus illos in diverfas ^^m^ j-inNSx Hj^ InKI Sxp 'jin mn 



pa f]N'7nDN {<n'3 ;rp^ nNjnDnoo 
tN73 KnsNbnDN '"p;^ Knn3nN3 pDN'pS^ 



"ibm Kjn n-iDin n\x-i tdd 7vn t^^^ p*? 
"I'DJOn nJND NiN Sp' |N '^wpS'? i{< 

nTn'773 noN: nmnn Sd Dn':'ip p ahn 
■jSn M N03 'i'DD npnpTi n^m^ni 
Nn'3 pStp' ♦nbN nTi3z::7N' ni^SiSx 
»ji3i» SvN N-ina ♦i^oo nti'oS noSn nnjK 




granatum, aut ahud ejufmodi : ut neque ^at . - 'L ■ ' u '■ 

arbore implexd, ea fcil. intelligi Myrlum : neque ''^"''P '^ HI) n'"l7K nJN ,133 HN iT,i'pi 

controverfum reperimus de didto Dei, Et abfcin- ^<'n H'DN HN m:?7 7nn '3 p3 ll''N ^\2^ 

des manum ejus, quin de muldla pecuniaria intelligendum fit : neque de difto ejus, ' Et fiUa ijri 

2 Sa- 

» Exod. xxi. 24. ^ Lcvit. xxiii. 40. ' Levit. r.--'- r 



PORTA M S I S, 



21 



"a^a rycm nJN3 ^^i^* J^SK.n'Sir DKp> 

jn:N3 I?.' j^Sk pd; j^S -|Vn jn mh^s 
KnjN3 rt^oS^ f^H'^y noKpi ly'K nc^x 



Sacerdotis^ cum ceeperit fornicari, pairemfmm pol- 
luit, igne comburetur : non neceflario elTe juxta 
hanc lententiam, nifi cum nupta fuerit, ftatuen- 
dum. Similiter eo quod decrevit Deus de ilia, 
apud quam non reperta fuerint figna virginitatis : 
fcil. lapidandam efle, non invenerimus in contro- 
verfiam vocatum inde a Mofe ad hoc ufque tem- 
pus, non efle hoc [intelligendum] de alia quam 
nKIDHI Dn;;! HNit |»e^'n*p'7^? TJ;3 quas uxor viri fuerit, & quam mahifefto probatum 
i^^m'sha yDi '3 nJoVx Nin nj N*J1 fuerit ftuprum commififle poft contrafta fponfalia, 
TDN^an finSD anmb J^rra f]KSnilN ih poftquam adhibitis teftibus admonita fuerit ; & fi 
^s^■^SNnON ]V^ S^nj^l nVD m rinnD 1"^ hujufmodi funt ex omnibus prasceptis, nulla 
rrniSSD ton: rr\^nn Sd ^JiSnD ^ft circa ea controverfia, qma explkationes funt 
vtU -«•« v»-,^s-. «M> .-,C ,M«»^ -i^f^v/>-ihi "'^^^^ ^ ^"J^ o^^ tradita;, de quibus eorumque 

^^f21ii □N7DJ7N* n23n p KH^S tlN/DDX ^,^^y-^//^ ^ particularia de Sinai. Quamvis autem 

mjn n»DNDn7K rrin n:0 jnjnDn n:N ore tradita fuerint, ita ut nulla de iis fit controver- 

nNn'l7nVN1 nX1i^iDN7^1 nNDN■p7^e \n fia, nihllominus tamen yerbo coelitus dimiflb hoc 

t^iNsJ \h^ ♦a ni?pN17K rnN"lN'e^N^Nl propnum eft, ut ex eo eruantur interpretationes 

p£]Vni>'1 p^bXjil*. "TToShSk 'D Onn*K"1 ifta^ variis modis comparationum, allegationum, 

iT*!^ ID '2^ ''tJ^ pSinO'l "ibiSx OyO 'D allufionum, & indiciorum in textu occurrentibus. 

'£} nnSip Siio vsnnrs'^N koi n'ONonSK ?.'i!" ^?<^^"^ V'^^''^ f°?.i" ^^{'^^.^^ difputantes, & 

4_^„ ,j_A »^». „,j^ „g »S^Vn '^im ""'^"^^"'tes m arena difquifitionis, & probationes 

1^-. wt^.. Jv4 ll-.,>,sr,C,v» si .J*.-,uL afferentes ad [confirmandam] aliquam harum iti- 

'nn ^^^n':l 1i< ^:inDD'7N Jti ,XOn^N* terpretationum & fimilium, e. g cum dicunt, de 

Nl7Npt5 I^V '"^3 n7p p n'7p 17nnDK didto Domini, Fru£lum arboris decoris, forfan 

nS 1DN *7f5p1 pity V-JQT -wy Oj;DC? fj; eft ifte malum granatum, autcotoneum, aut alius 

^Npl niC^7 nJC^O IJTlXa "nn nS lin quifpiamfmftus-, donee probationem de eo fump- 

^^5p ■j'pT UhZi O'O 73 ^;^ ."nn 'is npH ferint e difto ejus Frustum arboris ; dixerintqiie 

n»Sy "lyinON ♦nn DniJjt^ SdE^P nOfOX ^Uqui [innui] arborem, cujus & ligni & frudtus 

nS^nO t*«4SD ^«Ji'lO '^S '^nSi'^N ninU eadem eflet ratio ; alii, frudum qui in arbore fua 

rD nDO» tKD rinxSN Ii< ^yhi^ inyin* to f'^ ^""^Q ^" ^""""^ permanet ; alius, fruftum qui 

'3 tli'^'nifi t<S"l CXy Sd '£3 n'^I^^Sx ^'5 °*Mr XV"''-?'^"""/"' faftum eft 

-- ' L i^ . .L.. . .o -^^^ ...^...4. -L- quod res illis difficihs videretur, donee his proba- 

nVpKl'?^* m>X\S^K tr pnnn' KOJNI I^T ^onibus eam confirmaverint ; cum vSderimus fine 

^^y^ ♦nD7K n^D3n7{< J>nn7 mx '3 dubio malum dtrinum cum ramo palms quotan- 

DnbityinDiSl XrX DN'?^ ''TI^ Dn7N'7nnpK nis a Jofu^ ad noftra ufque tempora acceptum, 

DP' n7K in Dnj7N3 |*KVp7{< IN >7:; nulla de hoc mota controverfia ; verum quod in- 

m^s^j7K \t2 nTlNi ninN!Jf OTJ? p dicium tantum quasfiverint hujus interpretationis 

?PID rni *7j^ t>»i'}< OnSKSinpNl ^""^ traditae quod e textu occurreret : eodem modp 



y^iry rimDio7N 



fe habet probatio quam attulerunt de myrto ; nee 
non ex qua confirmant, mul6ta pecuniaria te- 
neri eum qui focium fuum membro aliquo priva- 
verit ; ut & ex qua oftendunt filiam Sacerdotis, 
cujus ibi mentio fit, intelligi eam quas viri uxor 
fit : eodemque modo fe habent rcliqua his fimilia ; 
atque hie fenfus eft difti ipforum, Univerfalia, 
ejus C5? particularia ejus. i. e. Res, quas vides 
nos elicere [argumentis] ab univerfali & particu- 
lari [defumptis] nee non feliquis tredecim modo- 
rum [argumentandi,] ese Iraditas funt a Mofe e 5/- 
na : quae tamen nihilominus quamvis a Mofe tra- 
dita;, non appellantur Conflitutio Mojis e Sina, 
Neque enim dicimus, [quod dicunt] FruSus ar- 
boris decoris eft malum citrinum, efle hoc confti- 
tutionem Mojis e Sina ; aut ut ^i focium fuum 



Min h^ nj» t>;oJK , . . . _ _ 

n^mSSa DnS^p 'Ji^o in N-im h^aha 
j<jNnn 'nSx ^i♦&•><'7^e in »:;;♦ n^niDnai 
I'KDS "]S-iD"i D"iai Hi'2'2 {>jnri2nD: 
nc'o "^ h'no *n nino mti^ vb^ 
p? rtmo xnii3 yo t<n:D7 'J»do 
7-y€rh nD7n ^sn'D m:!> uh nt'tz 
mn X); no SipJ xS t^Jj^S ^^dq 
IN 'i'Do r-'.roS nsSn ji"inN t^^in 
nc>o9 nsSn jioo qWo inon:} Sam 
n'DNQn'^N |K NHJi; Svj^n np nx 'j»po 
NiSp t>:<t:D t<n7i nc'O (^ i<rh'2 
p rpi2 jnDnon in x^^ 'S hnNi^N 

riVp S^D ^pp ^«J0^ DN'p7N nijl Uferit, pecuniam numeret^ c^ConfUtutionem Mo- 

i<Th kSi '^jSk '5 h^NwN NhS P»S /j e Sina ; cum hoc antea pro fundamento apud 

'33 DX'pD i72nDp |K X2fy kVi Ydl)^ nos pofitum fit, Interpretationes [iftas] omnes 

'J'DO nt'oS n^Sn jlSip* tops "iSn ^ -^"/^ ^^^■> ^ reperlri ipforum indicia quaedam 

nt'oS nsSn VnW'C^ N:Sp NdS "ITiSl ^" *^'''^"' ^"*^ "'^^^ "^°^° ^''1"° concludendi (uti 

Spn q'Di wSpi nS-i NiihnyN 'j^do '^^^,™"') '"'' =• ^i 'i"^ ^"•^'"?. ^'"^^ ^'"*' i^T"" 

,_L ,,L„ _,. I L '_:,-, „_,.» ..^,.» nullum occurnt m textu mdicium, neque ullam 
nni ^yOD nun"? n±>n KnJN Nn^V habeant ab eo dependentiam, neque inde did ar- 
'3 P'D3 '3 l^nba -\mD inirty> g^imentando poffint, de his tantum dicunt, efle 
tNDI '131 ^]-\'\y^^ non p^* n71p Conftitutionem Mofis e Sina. Ideoque quando di- 
cimus, Shiuri;"., i. e. Menfuras, efle Conftitutionem Mofis e iS'/«fl ; & objicimus contra illud, di- 
centes, Quomodo hoc affirmas Conftitutionem efle Mojis e Sina cum videas ad [Skiurin'] menfuras 
Vol. I. F digitunj 



22 



PORTA M S 1 S. 



'::d!3 rr:^r:h n^hn ama *|Si 'i iNii^x 
kVi DN'pa nj!: jiDnon Si'f< nhS d'Si 



digitum inlcndl in Scriptura ubi dicitur, [Terra fru- 
menti, & Seerah {bordei'\ &c. Refpoufio ad hoc eft, 
cfle hoc Conftitutionem Mo/is cSina, neque efle ei 
fundamentum unde argumentaiido elici poflit, ne- 
que indicium quo indigitetur, in tota lege: ad 
textum iftum tantum referri, ut fit ei inftar figni 

cujufdam quo melius memoriee infigatur & in ea , , 

retineatur, cum de intentione fcriptune non fit. **^'"' \^ "1"^^ ^{J^<1 TXrOi NO TSTi 

Atque hie didi ejus. In Scriptura [ad hoc] allu- J<n»i3 N17}<p 'n?^ DNDnxSK Oqj;!3 

Jio vulgaris, ubicunque occurrit, fenfus eft. Por- NHiN NO D1 Tp ^72 'J'DD rWflh HD*?!! 

ro hoc loco ordine tibi exponam fententiarum, de JN "]7 TPCH NO TTCi *lS ?»3'fl Nr6p 

quibus dicunt, efle eas, Conftitutionem Mo/is e Si- DNp3 nri^nON rtinNl N'?! NHIO D'7 

«fl, praecipuas, (irao fortaffis omnes) ut appareat p,-,^ ,L^ j^l,j^ p^pjjL, -,jp^ .^^ j^^^' nSi 

tjbi ejus quod afl-eru. ventas, fciL non eflb ex .p- t,nNinjl NV'N nSi NJO NOD NnDODNSiC 

lis vel unam quae argumentandi [modo aliquo| .wU-.^—.. ..L. . ^ -'-(w»-»/»> 

eliciatur, vel iferri ad Scripturam poflit alias ^^^^^^D^ «^1 NHJO 'l^ '3 Nl.TpDn M 

quam per modum allufionis [five accomodationis] ^lON NOD H^O JO ITpD 7D '1^3 NH^ 

uti declaravimus : neque unquam compertum efle 'Tlin? jOty JI7 'VPl mn 'm NilD HT^K 

Dodores de ipforum aliqua difputafle, aut proba- HIJ jOC' DV ntT); "inNl TH? |02^ n^J^Oni 

donem aliquam attulifle, verum a Mofe, prout jim TIDSi TIJ ♦i'DO ilC^oS np^H m:7 

praeccpit ipfi Deus, traditas fiiifle. Hx igitur |»:f'i*n p1j;»E^ 'i'DO ilC^oS ilDS"! HOIpj? 

funt. Dimidium Lo^ olei ad facrificium Eucha- niQiji nni;? »J»DO HirO? HD'^H T'iTnoi 

rifticum, & quarta pars [menfur^] olei Nazireo. .^L, -, L_, .,^,,^3^ .j,^,^ -jj^^C, ^-,^1^^-, q,^-^ 

Et undecim dies inter duas feparationes [men- LLl, -~,J -,.,-,, -,,„„,„«,« L... -~,.*.», 

ftrux] funt C<7«///«/;. Mo/a ^ Sim. Paries, 7^^ ^^^ ^^°^ DIDDIDpH '7j; pniOl 
Continuatio [parietum prope fitorumj & latus 
curvatum, funt Conftit. Mojis e Sina. Menfurse, 
Difcrimina & interfepta, Conftitutio MoJis e Sina. 
Salix & effufio aquas, Conftitutio MoJis e Sinai. 
'Tephilim [fcribendi] in membrana, & Mezuzab 

[alia fpecie] membranae, & liber legis fuper perga- flDO r}m^i^ '3'DO ilti'O^ HD^H SjnDo'l 

raeno, Conftit. Mofts e Sina. Shin tmv Tephilim, pjD?."? rVlNO nDNO t'N O'iE^ CnW 

& nodus ^r.;.M>« & bra nigra & 3>^i^^^^^ ^^^ ,^,q ^^^y ^^^^^ ^^^ -, 1^ 

Quadrati, & torzxasn ri^ Tepbihm, Conftit. Mo- '_,,„ _,-,„ — ,«^ »».,, ^^^ \ 

% e Sinai. Conftringendos efl^e e^s pilo, confu- If P"** /"^^ P^^ ^"« I '^^ \^^y 

endos nervis, Ce«///. Mc> e Sina. Scribendum ^^^^ ™'"' ^'^^^ *^^ I^""^ ^"li"'^ 

librum legis attamento, & dudis lineis, Conftitut. r^^f^J'^^DNi P'Nty HJJl 'Jl;nt 'J'DO 

itfe//i f^ 5/«a. Congreflum cum puella nondum ilO? "-^aiiD n;;D"lN"» Onwo "ini^ 

trienni non efle congrefliim, Conftit. Mofes e Sina. nij;ȣOi It^T 'J'DO rKy07 nD7n HND 

Si quis in aero fuo duas fpecies tritici ferens unam *^3 ^'^"1111 HND n*D ^th nnnflO 

lis aream kcerit, relinquet angukim unum [pro ^yj^ tj^oo 111^70 nD^n |S»2C?3 HND flO 

pauperibus] fin duas, duos angulos relinquet, Con- y^^.^;^ ^ rO^in IDVpO NulD'Jty nS^nW 

ftit. Mofis e Sina. E feminibus hortenfibus, qu^ L^^^ ^^^^^ ,^,^^ Htyo'? nD7n ID tT'E? 

efui appofita non lunt, conjungi unam viginti ^u-,„- ♦,,«►. -,,.,»,U -,-(!-, —,»-.« 

quatuor [partiumj cum menLa qu^ fufficit ad n^nyn »:'D0 HtTO'? HD'?.! DpO 

ipatium menfurs Seah capax, [ad conficienda mif- •^**"''^ 1^"'^ ?°'^ ^P^^" '"'^^'"' D^^ ^33 

cella,] Co«/;Va/. M,5/?j e Sina. Si dicem plants '^'DO .15^07 nD7n p")p mpli'nn p'NO 

difperfae fuerint in fpatio menfurae Seah capaci, ob I'D ."10370 |'D 7i'DD n^Jinn HCNn 

eas arandum totum illud fpatium, Conftit. Mofts 'HTn J"D 'i'DO HU^oS ilD?!"! nnnNSo 

t' 5/Ka. [Si fit] Majfa orbicularis ficuum, cujus ♦J'DO nS-'oS HDSn "l^D r\t*\} '2'\)f> 

|)ars polluta eft, dant Terumah de ea parte quae iy^^VZ 'J;^ nty;rO I'lE^^^O DNIOl 7101^ 

munda eft, C.»/?//. Mofts e Sina. /raeputium ^i^jj;^ ^^^^^ L,^, ,^,p^ -,5yjjL, ^^'^l,^, 

rfrudtuum] ubicunque occumt, Conftitutio Mofts -l-,„^^. ^^ ,^ n^-^S-1'-.^» -rt-i '»-. i^«o% 

h Sina. [Ut] preceptor obfervet [ad lucernam DZ^S? ,^ v^?.£l V -?, T] '° '^"^^ 

Sabbati] unde pueruli legant, Conftit. Mofts e Si- fJ^P '^ ^^^^'^ ^^^^^^ Jp^ P 

m. Mulier accingenda fuccinttorio ante vol a ^1ifN*7N mn ' "y niNVS Tthii pVD 

tergo, Conftit. Mofts e Sina. Qu6d permittant HJ^IVIO'^N DNDHN^N DJ^DpN NlOTp WK 

vinum afperum cum leni mifceri, Conftit. Mofts : DNDpN flDOD n^ns^'^N '3 

Sina. Ammon & Moab decimas pauperum an- ft1"loSN "TDNariSN ^InSn QDp'^N 



jn » I Mil iwui uiuuiuji I /y ( iniui 

r^anSc^ pe^ <:'do ntyoS pidSh S»ut 
I''7'3ni nmrny m;;i:ni I'S'snSty na^pi 
nep7 HDSn j'S'3m NmDyoi mi^DiTD 
hdSi P'jd nnsDJ'j pj;tyD niDiDJ ':»do 
vnD rmn 730 pDnip ♦ipo . rwrh 



HE^O jy 



IN p:N '3 Nn'^^N 7Ktt'oSN 

nS nnm DN'pD i-iDnon |n ido* 

Sip NO 73y Hd N7DN Nn'3 tlN7npN 
: DNVd7N ySniN NHD n'17 pX'9iS 



no feptlmo folvere debere, Conftit. Mofis e Sina. 
Ubicunque autem producctur aliqua harum con- 
ftitutionum in fequenti explicatione Mifn^e, earn 
loco fuo explicabimus, adjuvante Deo. Juxta 
fundamcnta ergo a nobis praemifla, diftribuenda 
erunt judicia in lege pofita in quinque clafles. 

Claflis prima, [compleditur] interpretationes quae Moft accepts: feruntur, ad qure in 
textu digitus intenditur, aut quas inde argumentando elici poflunt ; atque de his nulla omnino 
movetur controverfia, verum ftatim ac dixerit quifpiam ita traditione accepi, litigationi finis 
imponitiu-. 3 Claflis 



PORTA M S I S. 



23 



^rba DNSHnSn* 'li ^^tha DDpS^I Claffis fecunda ea [contmet] judicia, de quibus 

iib^ 'i'DO ntroS r\J7n Xn^a S'p dlcimr [efle ea] Conftitumnem Mofis e Sina, nulla 

J<V»i< rrini KilDi N'QD Nn**?;; 'rtrnnOJC ^"^^"^ probatione [nituntur] uti jam diximus, at- 

: NiTiD flN'7J) N*? KDO 'l"^ ^^'^ ^'^^"^ "^^^'^ ^ ^""^' ^e^.qyjJb^s nulla eft 
' controverfia. ..:r,^.,.'. 

DKDHN^K 'H fhiifha ODp'^NI Claflis tertia ea [contmet] judicia quE variis rai 

J^(T3 )?p'1 DX'p7K n"lj"l2 nJIpnOaSx tlocinandi modis concluduntur, 8c de quibus corii 

4<n'fl ^Op^V ^JJ")r^ KOD f]{<7ni)K7f« trovertitur, uti diximus, & de quibus ftatuitur 

}<n{< N*nn ahua hod "in3X7J< anion j^^ta fententiam plurium, uti prsemifimus, [at- 

naSn DN p^p» "iSiSl "Itbha ^Sm^n 1"^] ^°'^ quando obfcura eft fpeculatio, ideoque 

VP' a^m n2')m li' inS DNI SapJ ^^^^"^' Si conftUuHo fit redpimus earn, fin fiib 

n^ Jin 'a n^Mi<in7^?^ t1NSn!i)N7{< J"'^'"" '^^^*^' ^^ '1"°'^ refpondeamus. Incidit 

EllS „i^ ,"„:;?„, Iv^T-i^^^^^^^ ^"t^'" controverfia, & difputatio in iis de quibus 

-no'7n'7X V'^ '3 nniTim.n'Kn n^S yOD» ^ihil traditione acceptum eft, quare invenies eoi 

i*nDDD3 TI7K DNp7« mjl m pnn3» per totum Talmudem inquirere in modos conclu4 

yhyii pa7n3'D7N ]0 .f|N*7ni)N7K ypl dendi, propter quas accidit differentia inter difl"en- 

'Vn n'PJ^D 'KD .IJ* 'Jl'^a^a Kp *N03 tientes, ac dicere. Propter quid contendunt, aut 

njplD' np DPUnS IITJO 'KO in ♦JI'^D qu^nam eft ratio ts iV. aUt ^«/i f/? inter eos dif- 

tT12D'D i^ifNIO X)}1 's3 'j^oSx Nln '3 fintionis ? Hasc enim hac ratione quibufdarrl locis 

\h}!T\ isSa IN Slp'sD flN*7nDNS{< 3pD3 adducunt, ut oftendant quid anfam prsbu^rit con- 

Vlp'^Na &>^r\ Xa^^ 'iahtha SpS^a troverfe dicentes, 6N. tali diilo nititur, 5 iV. 

HDNDUkSn |N (tb p nitb KON Quod fi quia putaverit conftitutiones iftas, d^ 

ilVD ]V tfT\D Ki'K *n Nn*3 fl'7nDO'7N quibus controvertitur, traditione etiam acceptas fu- 
dSj pno JO flxSriDI^SN J^pl NPJtil ^'^^ ^ -^'2^' ortam autem efie controverfiam iftam 
♦11 -imta INI TN'DjSn in riN'N'nSN epc errore aut oblivione, dum alter verum retule^ 
..-« *«.» ^^♦v«-. ,1, tfks -^^!L»i^v>^ ^«Cv» "^' ^'ter autem in narratione fija erravent, aut 
Vi IN nnWin 'S tO^: -IDN^NT pn'^N oblitus fuerit, vel non totum a pr^ceptore Oio ac- 

ceperit quod accipere oportuit, & fententiam fii- 
am probare velit ex ifto ipforum dido, Ex quo 
multiplicati funt difcipuli Shamm^i ^ Hillelis, qut 
not! quantum opus eftftuduerunt, mulliplicata eft 4if- 

_ ...... , ._ _. fenfio in Ifraele, 6f faSla eft lex quafi dux leges i 

V'i^bN |0'« ^pSn n'2p p n9?N ^°^ (novit Deus) didlu turpe & valde abfurdunj 

ID3Ni nSi'^VHO yi DnSdS nJNI tni ^^' ^ ^^''"^° ^J"^ 1"'' ^^^ "°" '"^'^^ ""^^ perciplat, 
»^Lu« MV4^«.v.Cv4 .s >««u>'N« L-„,.w»UU nec fundamenta teneat, & de fami perfonaruni 



-w- ,.. ■„,.,,, «,_/-. ,^.,..,. 1^,.., 

♦Jiai* ND73 .TTNnDN p yt2D' D7 IN 

tD^b^p p ^Sn ♦'^^r '-?nnD»'i i^OD* |n 
ne?oty N7i:^ SSm 'noc^ n^oSn i^to 
S.Niu^^n npiSno nnin p"iv Sd 
oS;; Nina nimn. tic^d min riK^j^ii 



Snfnn7N n7p nDN3':?N nNpnyNSN 

p mo n'DsnSN IN ^inji Dn:N7 
dSi ^iJT;;N t^03 rvm "jVii ne^o 
jNn:VNi nmo7N Sivn'^n p Nip-io* 



quibus accepta 

ergo totum falfum, nee aliud eft quod inducit ho- 



mines ad falfam hanc opinionem fovendam, quam 
quod non refte perpendant verba Sapientum, quae 
in Talmude reperiuntur, cum invenerint explicati- 
onem Mofi acceptam ferri, (quod verum eft uti 
praemifimus) nee diftinxerint inter fundamenta tra- 
ditione accepta, & confequentias quas [argumen- 
n?n '^:Onoa"n:N '^SON" ril^nDoSN tando] eliciuntur. Tuveroquacunque tandem de 
J w._ _.»U_i.» ...» M^.M. ...w» 4... .., re dubitaveris, hoc tibi extra dubmm lit, cum re- 
^iit2V m fjN'^nDN IN IW nVi ^jy '£) peHatur inter difcipulos5^«;««.^/&difci;ulosffi/- 

7ip . iJ /7n n ji 2iffo differentia, ciam dicant, Everrendam ejfe pri- 
tnum domum, deinde abluendas manus, aut lavandas 
prima manus, deinde everrendam domum, neutrum 
horum diftorum a Mofe traditione acceptum fuifle, 
neque de Sina relatum, caufam autem differentiae 
inter ipfos fuiffe illud quod fertur ; nempe quod, 
altera harum [fedtarum] vetuerit populo terras uti, 
altera permiferit. Eodemque modo [fe res habet] 
in omnibus hujufmodi diflentionibus, qua; funt ra- 
mi a ramorum ramis [profedli.] Quod ad di6lum 



nir\, nN pDDo nn . ,. . _ . . . _ 
xzrh I'Soij IN on'7 f^Dii id nnNi 
"rtNi D»7 TrfiT\ r-iN ]naDo "]d nnNi 
nj;oD t*^S nu;o '^r .'I'^o \^y^^ p 
">in NO nnsNSnjiN rb"^ nojni 'i'DO 
pN nyn fi^yn^N D-jn* amnN. |n 
nnc'N j>Jo'73 "jTiDi irt lu* "idn^ni 
37'ns yna M tiSn nN0N7ni!N7N nnn 
n'obn inntro r2Tb\'^ no:ni ;;'n37N 
pTjf Sd iiyoir f<S?y SSni wos:^ 
i^rin »j);oi) Sniito npiSno nnan 
^tiN |n;i)2;SN |nS ts^j ]'3 dnSdSn 
nan^'^i "itoj^Ni DnoSN »d. nsdn n:n3 



autem ipforum. Ex quo multiplicati funt difcipu. 



ili 



Shammai £5? Hillelis, qui non quantum opus eftftu- 
dio legis incubuerunt, mulliplicata eft dijfenfio in 

Ifraele, fenfus ejus valde perfpicuus eft. Nam 

yp' N^a NilJO l223r\D' 'jiSn "^IVnSn cum duo pares fuerint intelligentia, perfpicacia, & 
n3NJ7DnD' J*«!0 '3 flNSniN Qn^O fundamentorum unde eruuntur confequentias cog- 
^^*0^ S'SpD jrpi JNl nim DNpSn3 nitione, non acddit inter eos, in iis quasratiod- 
\vnty ?n nv'Sn7>f^vi-t^v -til nS nando ehciunt, difcrepantia ; vd fi ahquando con- 
'iiOi' \2 tlN7n3N ^sn2N nji 07 tigerit, certa quam minima eft: uti non reperimus 

unquam differentiam inter Shammieum & Hillelem, nifi in particularibus quibufdam ritibus j quod 

inde 



H 



PORtAMOSiS. 



inde proveiilt, c^ula modus ratiocinandi quo ufus eft 
uterque eorum, in iis quae ratiocinando conclufe- 
runt, valde admodum fimiJis erat ; nee non fun- 
damenta, quae apud unum concefla, fondamentis 
quae pro conceflis apud alterum habebantur, fimi- 
ua : ubi vero elanguit difcipulorum diligentia, & 
infirmata eft ratiocinatio eorum prae ea quae Hille- 
It tc Sbamm<eo praeceptoribus ipforum fuit, orta 
eft inter ipfos inter difputandum, in multis rebus 
diflenfio, cum eflet ratiocinatio uniufcujufque eo- 
rum fecundum menfuram intelleftus ipfius eaque 
que tenebat fundamenta : ipfi interim in his omni- 
bus minime culpandi funt, quoniam non requiri- 
mus, cum duo inter fe difputant, ut difputent fe- 
cimdum intelleftum Jofu<e & Phineafi^ neque ideo 
in dubio relinquimur, ciam inter fe diiFerant, quod 
non fmt inftar Sbammai & Hillelis, vel aliorum 
qui ipfis praeftant ; ciim Deus Optim : Max : non 
in hoc obfequium noftrum poftulet j verCim hoc 
a nobis requiratur, ut aufcultemus dodis, cujuf- 
cunque tandem faeculi, ficut dixit [^Aut adjudicem 
quifuerit diebus illiSy 6f inquires, Ciff.] Atque hoc 
modo orta eft difcrepantia, non quod erraverint 
in iis quae tradita funt referendis, uno quod verum 
eft referente, altero quod falfum. Quam perfpi- 
cuum autem eft quod diximus animum advertenti, 
& quanti regula hasc in lege momenti ? 

Claflis quarta [continet] decreta quae ftatuerunt 
Prophetae & Sapientes fingulis faeculis, ut fepis & 
munimenti vicera legi prasflarent : atque hasc funt 
quae juffit Deus conftitui terminis univerfalibus, 
cum dicit, [£/ cujlodietis cujlodiam meam] quod, 
referente traditione [fonat] Pacite cuftodiam cujio- 
dite mete. Atque haec funt que appellant Sapientes 
\Ge%eroth\ Conjiitutiones. Et in his etiam accidit 
difcrepantia ; dum uni vifum fuerit re aliqua inter- 
dicere, ob caufam aliquam, alteri autem idem vi- 
fum non fuerit : ita frequenter in Talmude [occurit] 
JR. N.ftatuit, hac aut ilia de caufd. R. N. verb non 
Jtatuit. Atque haec etiam una eft e caufis difcre- 
pantiae. Annon vides Carnem volucris cum laEle 
[non comedendam] conftitutionem efle a Magiftris 
noftris ad homines procul arcendos a tranfgreffione? 
eiim non vetet lex praster carnem beftias & feras, 
at interdixerunt Sapientes came volucris, ad remo- 
tius abigendos a re illicita. Suntque ex ipfis qui- 
bus non arridet haec Conftitutio -, nam R. Jofi Ga- 
liliBus permittebat carnem volucris cum lade, adeo 
ut omnes incolae illius regionis eam comederent, uti 
inanifeftum eft in Talmude. Cum autem contige- 
rit ut de aliqua hujufmodi conftutionum inter om- 
nes conveniat, turn eam tranfgredi nullo modo licet, 
Et cum paflim notum fit in Ifraele ea re interdici, 
non eft ut in contrarium ifti conftitutioni eatur, a- 
deo ut vel ipfis prophetis non liceat de ea detrahere, 
juxta expreflum Ta/wwi/J teftimonium, quod vel 
ipfe Elias non pojfit diminuere aliquam ex o£lodecim 
rebus quas ftatuerunt Schola Shammtei et Schola 
Hillelis ; & caufam ejus reddiderunt dicentes, ^ia 
frobibitio ipjarum nota 'eft per totam Ifraelem. 

Claftls quinta earum eft conftitutionum quas fadlas 
funt per modum determinationis legalis & conve- 
nientiae cum rebus que inter homines fieri folent, a 
qnibus nee additur legi aliquid nee detrahitur : aut 
de rebus quae hominibus ufui funt in praeceptis Icgis 
[obfervandisj] atque haec funt quae appellarunt Sa- 



N^mox'^n aSo Sp ndit^ -idnVn* -i^j; 

Dn:o t^th-iha rpi onnNnox 'N,t:c'i 

niTi mp h:; Dnjo X"^ ^^ CNn 
"jTi '-3 OH) SvyxSx ID mjy }{ai 
tm f]'73j i6 jkS I'D'i'70 nu rb^ 

D'71 IK n^-D iiiht^jn ND '3 an nnn 
Npnpio \t2 IN* Sbni 'HDV 7n!: Non 

"pa ust-wr^ 7K IN* Sxp n^od jkd -r^y 

pnVK nnNi7K 'm nN'Nii'^N 'a x\:h^ii 
PnSdSn N-in pN «oi Sdn^Sk "oihii'x 

. : n;?n-Av »3 

nv;? 7D 'fl O'ODnbNi x'^i^'^K NnS^^a 
'7v itJinSj<i i'Dn7N pnD hy nvri 

nN DnnD*i*i nS^p ini '^oia DNba 

opDn^N* KH^aD' ♦nSx 'm 'm^iyo^ 
flNSnijN NH'D Kiri< ;?pi npi n"nr:j 
'^JK p N-ia o-in» |^?^ f jnyW n* |k3 
♦J3 TDDi -|7n3 "iDK f ii>:^ n» kVi . kid 

p 32D KV'X N>n Ifj. N7 .'jpa '-11 

f]iy nra nn K^^t* f]NSnjixSK 220 
p p'mn^ pn-ino mrj in iSn:j 
-is-*a -I'j rmnn |a nnn* ifh^ nn^ra 
")£^3 O'Don^H □nm n'ni nona 

'DV '-1 fx7 n-irj^N* nnnn t dS jo 
a'^n:: fji;; ntra Sdk* rri* |nd 'V'Sjn 

NOD n2T7DN' OhSd mbiD Shn JN3> 

N^^tD mnrj7x nnn jo 'a^ 'bar Ny^^v 
N*o ^ntpi nii2 KH'S;; n;?nS7 S'::d 
7pD N'Sr) '^N-i*^' ȣ) xnonnn nna^ 

'sn'h^ |K iioSn^N I'Ji KHjiypj* ]mp» 
p3T na?;; njiaa^o rMna.^ ]'p2' -np* n*? 
77n noi 'ND'J no jn'.Sj; mrja' 

Dittos plD'Ntr 'S*? I^Kpl IjVl NiS'iM 

♦n^K p^DnK^N* 'n ptsNiSx pop'^Nn 
'3 nN*7tDVN.7N"i npan^N* pnu 'Sy nSoj; 
♦3 D'7 Na.2 d;-^3^{< I'3 finNjS.s hvdk^k 
♦3 \v.|N*i.'pj nSi ft^Httf^N. 'S fiixn -jSi 
fTj;n'vy*:5.y -na^{ '3 dkj*?}^ n'^Kva m '-\X2ii 
mjpn p♦03^S^^ nhjidd' ♦nSx 'm 



PORTA M S I S. 



25 



njp NH'^;? n;?ri'7« m Vh^ mjnJOl pientes Ordinatmies & i?//«j -, qu^ etiam nullo 
noS^ 'HJ "Ipl n.70^N NiTSj; ni^OJ^I n}< modotranfgredl licet, cum inter totam[7Ki^or«»2] 
'\yyS'' mJ pISI SNpi Nir'^'P n^^riv'K |y fedam de i:s conveniat ; vetat autem Salonio ca 

t^r^fgredi, cum ait, Ei/iquisperrumpatfepm^mor- 
debit emnferpens. Hujufmodi conftitutiones mul- 
tae admodum funt in Talmude & Mijhna memoris 
proditas, quarum aliqus circa vetita & permifla 
[verfantur,] alias circa res pecuniarias, alias ordina- 
tiones funt a prophetis eonftitutp, cuiufmodi funt 

■-• - • — • , ,| -^ ,-|' conftitutiones M^j, Jo/a^*- & £zr^. Quemadmo- 

noaa noa ms^n l^tyrni p^NIC; ^n^'V dum dixerunt, Mofes ordinavit Ifraeli, ut interrc- 
\f2 "n'e; n;?ty3 ;rn '^"^n n'^O I^Npl 'IDI ^-^^^ ^ difquhant de ritibus Pafchatis in Pafchate 
KHiOl riTn^D N"1fj;i r^in* nUpn NONI ^^- Dixerunt etiam, M(7/^Jori/K^^77 [quas] ^Ja/?- 
□'ODhSk |0 TKHK 'Sk n31D12 mjpn '"^"^"'^ [fpedtant] eo tempore quo defcendit Manna. 
p-l rpnn Sinnna ^Sn Vprsry m^pD Conft,tut.ones autem y.^^ & Ezne mult^ funt i 



Sxniy'S □n'7. ;pn njyo .iVnp ^faD 



t'pnn 



„df, '-, M^-U -,U4Lc,v, ,s ^,«^, damSapientibusacceptae feruntur, ut cam dicunt. 



II 



L '7N ri^iDio nijpn t<njoi 



IN ijpnn i>Ju^iKn □n'^ipD 



D'ODrt ropn .in q^d^h i:p;n nnSip 
□N3nN7K n^ojQ -j'nD nVi inji 
7yi;n h}^ oDp:n n:iyo7N 'D ri^iDloSN 
fl'ino I'DNpn xnjo □KDpN'^N rta^ihii 

HD'^n KHJOT DN'pa NH'S^ DNpJ» |N 

DN'p2 jnonoN NO nn:oi 'i'OD rw&> 
NHJci niin NHioi t^N^niN7N yp» n»5i 
f]NSnDNSN nriN^nN ri^j; noni n^i'pn 



Statuit Hillel Prozbul [feu Conftitutionem de fol- 
yendc] Statuit Magifier nofter Gamaliel fenext, 
Statuit Magifter nojier Johannes Zacchai f : ita & 
paffim pccurrit in "Talmude, Statuit Rabbi N. Sta- 
tuit R. N. Aliae funt [rurfus] Conftitutiones quae 
toti coetui acceptae feruntur, ut cum dicunt. In U- 
fafiatuerunt: item, Statuerunt Sapientes, aut Con- 
Jiitutio Sapientum : atque hujufmodi paflim occur- 
runt. Omnes autem fententiae quas in Mijhna re- 
cenfentur, in has quinque Clafles diftribuuntur, Ut 
fint ex iilis interpretationes quas Mofis nomine tra- 
duntur, ad quas in textu digitus intenditur, aut qua 
ratiocinando elici poflint; 2. Aliae quas funt Confti- 
tutio Mofis e Sina. ^. Aliae 1 



3 . Aliae quas argumentatione 

n'rn naVJ N23 fJN'^njN^N' Nn*3 jrpl eliciuntur, in quibus eft difcrepantia. 4. Aliae De- 

J>?S noVoO SnNpN D'2t\^ t> HJN ^'^^^^- 5- Alias Conftitutiones. Jam vero caufsi 

j^{^ y^Lf^ ON'^D 'jS»> {<n»3 i^^*S^bN ob quam recenfuit difcrepantiam quas contigerit in- 

TNOT^N '3 UMNdS naniD 'Sj; Sor ter duos condudendimodos, in rebus drca quas ac- 

iI*>«Wm -„'-,»♦ y4^s> vM^w -,v «-« -M, -«-,,* ciditdifTenfio, hasceft, quam tibi defcnpturus fum: 

SOP^N nnV T'N 'U^N iy m |0 mj;^ q^^^^ fc. fi receptas tantum fententia^ de quibus 

^.ttoSn "fn n:; f]7ND n^N yjsfba p 



♦3 cnt>ii ;;p' ind3 n'Nnn n» \dd in 
im Nnn pT •io Sp:"i njdsjn 
Dinn '^nSsSn tonSn \n p-iN-^ Sj-i 
SnSr njNn n'3 nvj nic^o^N nm 
f^nJir njND t<iN3, DD;r*7Nn .in 



prefle de ea ftatuat Mijhna quod licita fit ? aut e 
contra : at cum jam nots fint nobis fententias [dif- 
crepantes] obftrudta eft hasc rima, cum dixerit, qui 
majorum fententias refert, Audivi hoc aut illud 
vetitum efle ; refpondentibus nobis, Verum dicis, 
atqui ex fententia tb N. at totus coetus contrarium 
ftatuit; aut, c/'ava contrarium aflerit ; &, praxis. 



Quod fc. fi receptas tantum fententias de quibus 
nulla eft controverfia recenfuiflet, nulla didoruin 
quibus non eft praxis conformis habiti ratione, fieri 
poflet ut veniret aliquando poft ipfum qui contra- 
rium referret ejus juxta quod fornmtur praxis, vel 
ab ipfo qui fententias ifti contradixit, vel ab alio qui 
idem cum illo fenferit, atque ita oriatur in animis 
^■-'D'TN Nnn "'nDiN^ iioiSvD''2nNlD'7N "?^r] ^"JP''^'"' ^'^ ^iceremus. Qui fit ut tradat ifte, 
l<i3 |N n;;aD nNn^N "ny mo njj; vir fide dignus, rem talem vetitam efle, cum ex- 

arno niD^ opn ■; fh Sipi DNin nidi 
\vhii )N n-hy ^ap mnojSNi jnSs 
t)SNDoSN Dnio '7y So)?7Ni 7\h^ ^ay 

hiQ2 IN pnN nON'p N03 NQN Tvh^ 

nriNDhN N0N1 nnyND' ")dn onSd nj-jji 
naSn^N pan np jnS doti n^n' onSd 

DNp IND NiN TN -I07;;' TN nN1N3 TH^D ^^ J"^*^^ fententiam ejus qui illi contradicit, vel 

tlSND iSl n:0 yOD> -naoSS ^Sl'^^^^b f"'^ mel.us argum^entetur, vel quod almd 

' ' .r / dictum quo ipnus lententia confirmatur inve- 

nerimus. Caufa autem cur fententiam unius 
alicujus, & fententiam [diverfam] plurium recen- 

-• •|-»ii " - • • I' feat, eft, quod confuetudo fit juxta unius fiftius] 

*"inn3 iTlt^in'? ^71*1 no ."nfni 1p JHOIN fententiam ; ac docere te voluerit, quod cum con- 

pn7N 2*70 1ph)}h ']Sn3 'NOS-' no cludendi modus manifeftus ftierit, etfi ab uno pro- 

TN13N7N NlSlNH ?nS pIV'^K "INH'NI fedhas, recipienda fit illius fententia vel contradi- 

D'W^N n'hD^i* nSiD^N nS^sSn "INDdSn cente multitudine. Quod vero aliquando recenfeat 

|0 OnVd N1X-I NOS Sipi;7N 'oSndSn fententkmalicujus,deindeabearecedat, e.g^cum 

i»;x, «^v»^ ^-^-^»^v>^^-. *« imf^v. ---mUv*^ dicit, AUccU Shommat ita dixerunt, ajjecLa HiUelis 

y- J'flS^^r^V^- lP"^.°"2^^^ .7^ .-deide, fententia mutata,^#;//M/M./i.;;, 

ceat inquirendam efle veritatem, atque eligendum quod redlum : cum ifti Senes Magni, praeftan- 

tes, illuftres, magna fcientia, atque intelledu perfefto prasditi, cum tamen dida ejus, qui ipfis 

contradiceret, melioia efle didis fuis & accuratius perpenfa animadverterent ; mutata fua, ipfius 

Vol. I. G fen- 



irna nnN2nN t<oiNi mnoj^N nhy 
Sno aniaVN *]S-i y; n;;ij-) en pj 
SSn noi "p^ poiN 'Nosy no n'7-ip 



26 



PORTA M S I S. 



n,oi'D j,r2 prha 'in ana paha tnd 

CD'ODnSx Sip» ir\r\ 'Svi f)i-nn pT*. 

Nil* rtSnj jjn3 -jDSi f Sin 'Sj; Nnnxp 
ri'^Ti; ']nT\ n'?ii "]tj okSd jk noSj; 
♦Tj; -p«npnDN3 ix n3;;ir nonn nnnxD 



fententiam amplext funt •, quanto magis reliqui ho- 
mines, cum vidcrint veritatem ab adverfarii parti- 
bus ftare, obfequentur, neque amplius perttnaciter 
contendent ? atque hoc eft quod dixit Dominus, 
Veritatem, veritatem, per/equeris : & in eandem 
fententiam Sapientes, Confgftonem frabe veritati, 
i. e. Etiam fi pcflis te [e manibus opponentis] ar- 
gumentis fophifticis eripere, cum tamen noveris 

lermonem alterius (quern argumento tuo manifefto . ^. _ _ r, 

premis, vel prae iphus infirniitate, vel quod ipfe NiH fj»7Nn DJO KO7D iiOVKi^VN JTifl 
valeas [alios] in errorem inducere,) verum efle, in ntSDp' |ND ♦{O H'^^Sn iTin h}J jJ^Vn^N 
ipfius fententiam, omifsa coiitentione, defcendas. Six'^j^ tjSk NTJX nHD . HKnS N^NDpN 
Cumque jam in animo haberet librum iftum ad pvi^^ jij^^j iq 7\':i'iabbii. y''ir\zh^ '3 
hunc modum componere, vifum ipfi eft ita eum ^^J^^^ ^.^^^l^'^^ C'NTdSn SliD 

^:^^^^^';:^';^x:.rz pv^^ n^^m ™d^xi ni.nn^Ni 

circa terroe fstus, veluti de //./.r.^.«m, de /«/.r- INTJ^Nl SiVSSk 'D 'JND^N '^h^^ 

mijftone, de Prapttio, de Oblationibus, Decimis, '»]£0nO7K"l NrTONDnN v*1N7niX1 NnaiNI*?! 

aliifque D^^;//j. Secunda, de temporibus [anni] rm> XDT nN307N1 3^:0^X1 Xil^a 

& feftis, & circa ipfa obfervandis, & diverfis eo- p t^injO S';;3 S33 Svn» |K 

rum ritibus, quid in iis vetitum fit, quid gratum, tfl n7Nn'7N wSxi J7'mty*7Kl DNOnKSj« 

quid permifllim, & quae unoquoque horum tem- fVpNlSx DNDnNSN SvDm npNJoSie 

porum ritus & prascepta conjundtim praftare de- m'^^Ljj^ J-^^r) XDjSxi '-7NJT»N fO 



I'd:7N1 I'synwNi npino'^Ki hviShSn*^ 

NHJO Si'3 S3 'D Sxp* IN ph' NO! 




ceat. Pars tertia, de mulieribus, & diftinfta ju 

rum quae inter viros & foeminas intercedunt expli 

catione, 

difcalceatio. 

cenda funt ^ ^ 

de judiciis & controverfiis quae inter homines ori- TpiVH N01 |p"1^N "jNlflC'l*') n^i? .,-<• . ., , 

untur in commerciis, padis, communi jure fundo- h}^ (ON"lp?N '3 DONdSn W'^Nl nTj 

rum, & ejiifmodi aliis. Pars quinta, de oblatio- fj^Nl Nni1J3 riinDl NnONSHN tlxSriDN 

nibus, juxta diftinftos earum ritus, & diverfis ea- -.^■q-^ NmNIVNI nNnNHDSN '3 D^NdSn 

rum fpeciebus. Pars fexta, de punficatiombus, & ^^^ L^^^i^^ .jC,j^ ,^^3 ^^^ ^ L^ 

ZJ%^ST^^. e.^O;SraT;eS ^^° n^^<^^«^ "^^^^ ^^° '^^^nSN1 

Primam partem. Seder Zeraim, i. e. leminum. 

Secundam, Seder Moed, i. e. feftorum. Tertiam, 

Seder Najtm, i. e. mulierum. Quartam, Seder 

Nezikin, i. e. damnorum. Quintam, Seder Ko- 

dajhim, i, e. fanftitatum. Sextam, Seder Tahorotb, 

purificationum. Ideo autem orfus eft a Seder Ze- 



mo ddndSni o'p'tj -no i^^niSni a'lrj 



raim, quoniam in eo continentur judicia de prae- {^^}<3l;'7J{ ni J1 TO !" 
ceptis quae propriefpdtant ad eaquasproducit terra: v»N*1tySK '3 DnSsSj? 
cum terroe foetus alimentum praebeant animalibus. 



♦3 rP3 ODhSn Pd'? Oyii "110*3 

nNiim vinSn nNDj3 fnirn r^iti^ 
pD' ^sS >iO"i TNvnSN t*inj in vinSn 
njDon. aS ni:7n SiNjna ^n indjxSn 

Dip iViSa 

neque fieri poffitut homo nifialimentofumpto in ^^^JJ °"_ j,^'*'!^^ ™^^^ ^'^"^^^'^^ 

vivis confervetur, Deum aliquo cultus genere co- njrn n | Tij |N., ^ iy,1D nD J 

lat j ideoque fermonem de prasceptis proprie ad ea 

quas e terra nafcuntur fpedtantibus praemifit : cui 

deinde adjunxit Seder Moed, quoniam is eft textus 

Biblici ordo •, ficut dicit Dominus, Et fex annis 

feres terram tuam, i£ congregabis proventum ejus, 

infeptimo verb relinques earn y dimittes earn, &c. 

& poft, Sex diebus fades opera tua, &c. Tribus 

vicibus feflum ages mihi in uncquoque anno. Deinde 

vifum eft illi judicia de mulieribus reliquis litibus 

prjemittere, fecuto veftigia textus facri, quoniam ita 

fecit Dominus [dicens] Citm vendiderit quifpiam 

filiam fuam, &c. Cum rixati fuerint viri, Q per- 

cufferint tnulierem, &c. Deinde, Et fi cornu pe- 

tierit bos, &c. quare praemifit Seder Naftm tbS _ _ _ _^ ^^ 

Seder Nezikim. Ha:c autem quatuor argumenta ^^^^ niOty hSn lo' SpHJN "cDrn'Tp'n 
compledimr liber £xcir,fcil argumentum 5.i.r i^^jj, L,,j^^(^j^ ^^^^ ,ij, M 

Zeram, Seder Moed, Seder Na/im, & Seder Ne- ^ n»w"T-i -nn r-ivnns ->-7rt ",«-. 

zikin. Tum a libro Exodi contulit fe ad librum [J^fl °5^p^ 3£. °'E. ^^° ^^^ 
Lfw7/« juxta libricoelituslatiferiem. Poft .Jf^^r P"«* ^^-Jf ^ '" Vp \^^ Di™ IID 
iV«//^/« ergo pofuit Kodajhim, deinde 5^^^ r^^^- ^^^^^ . "3p IpNIp'^N .'3 ODH'^N Dip 
reth, quoniam ita fe habet ordo textus Sacri. Prae- niin£D7N |N7 ni"inL3'7N1 mN0a7N '3 
mifitauterajudiciade oblationibus, judiciis depol- ^yDVil D10 M'l \D Nn3 nri3« N,2iN 



- .... -jSi 

;?irn o'ity lytyi nV7N Sip in p'^N 
n'j;'n»yni nnxian nx pibdni -na^ 
D'D' nc^iy rnj;2i 'i3i nnoji nicorjirn 
'7 jnn D'7jn tySa^ "j'li'j^o nir;;n 

ONSHN D1p» |N3 'Nl On rU?^3 
♦3jipN nsaiVibN TND V3p NDJ'^N 

'D nS^N '7;?3 -|yiD JN^ p'^N nnN*? 
lyj' '3 '131 ins riN ly'N m3,::» 
♦31 rn;?3i 'i3i nt^N i3jji oma 
TD h:; d'v: mo pnps niu^ m» 
♦':p S.tDnji'o moir n^Ni nsoi t'p'W 
nno v"i^ 'J;;n vnijn hirDiN^N mn 
"inoi Q'E^j -noi TTiD "noi oyij 



PORTA M S I S. 



% 



Dli Kn?D3 P"l3 Sd nodi pP» NQ 
Siva '^7.^ Pli Ss '3 Slp7N ODp 
Slp^K DDp pli p-l3 S"^3 "73 'OD 

ri^no nipK Sivd '^k S^a Ss ^a 
Sd 'qdi ch^pSxi tbanSS iidsoSk 
HD^n. "i^*r>-SN Srio'^N l^n p ^VD 
t<o '^i? D'inr mo 'S 7ip7N* CDpi 

nn n.^nx ^iN inxp'^K dodSk in 
SiNo n'Sy .in tsio h^ h^toSk nnv 
"jSi*?!] xij'^N nx'^-.'N? ^'■xpn'' xd 
nnD' IK pnSvv:: tioSn t^Jin ^Nn 

X\y i<b iND. \s-> Dh t?'iJ;;o jinKVj;^ 



( N ><073 lutionibus & purificationibus, quonkm [praecepta] 
nOTToSK ^^ purificationibus initium habent a [feftione], Fuit 
^D CDD' ^^l^^ ^'^ o£iavo, &c. Cumque jam complexus eflet 
fex genera ifta, fub quibus comprehenduntur omnia 
praecepta [Legis -,] vifum eft ei partiri unumquod- 
que eorum in eas Species quas oportuit (quarum 
unamquamque appellavitiWi3^(5«.J Deinde ea quae 
de unaquaque fpecie dicuntur, in feftiones, qua- 
rum unamquamque vocavit Perek \i. e. Caput.] 
Deinde ea quae in unoquoque capite dicuntur in 
Seftidnes, quo facilius reddatur quod difleritur, 
turn ad memoria tenendum, tum ad alios docen- 
dum : & unamquamque harum feftionum mino- 
rum nominavit Halacah. Ilia autem qu£e dida 
funt in Seder Zeraim difpertitus eft eo quo de- 
fcripturus fum mode : Orfus eft primo a Beracoth 
[i. Benedidlionibus] cujus rei caufa eft, quod 
Medicus peritus, cum ejus qui bona utitur valetu- 
dine, valetudinem confervare cupit eodcm quo 
jam eft ftatxi, primo loco refte parandum ipfius 
alimentum curat : vifum eft ergo [Dodtori] ifti 
V'pNJ VJ*"'^**'?'* l'^ V'^J. '3 QN'^sSk ^iXaXn'S-« initium fumere a benedidionibus, cum 
J«,.^LLw -^--^^L,j^ riSoJ hv oSnrV Sd "°'^ liceat cuiquam nifi praemifsa benediftione 
'hi;n{y Ch D^Si ' r^liyS'^l r^'^^^ii^ edere, quare optimum ilU vifum eft ordiri a 
' s^i,vj p-iv Sn ^5"^ ^"it nnr^S *^*'"^°'^^ ^^ benedichonibus, ut ita alimentum 
*[_ r ^"^ i_ . 737 n-fN7 prasparatione rationali praepararet. Deinde vifum" 

□^DH' jK tl^pni^bK p D'^1 tOpQ :;f2V J^ft fiii fqu5 caveret] ne fermoni [ipfius] de re 
C73n' i« 73p ^rzV ryy niDnn 'fl aliqua, quicquam deeffet, de omnibus in uni- 
♦nO'ND. npa >:nD3i yoty nn^ '3 verfum benediaionibus, quae ad alimenta & prae- 
cepta fpediant, loqiii. [Quare] cum nullum fit 
praeceptum quod unicuique quotidie incumbit, 
praeter Keriath Sbema, i. e. \_Le£limem Audi] 
tantiim, neque expediret loqui de benediftioni- 
bus LeSlionis Shema^ antequam de ipfa ledione 
_Li.L.. .-.^...Liv ."^ o-^^ U^»».i-..4 "^.L^ verba feciflet, initium fumfit a [capitel ^ando 
I^^^J^^^l.!? VIJ^^^^^..™^ legunt k£lionem Shema , n(c^n^\L Lm \^(o 

conjunfta funt : deinde reverfus ad Ordinis 
fcopum, qui eft de prasceptis ad terram fpeftan- 
tibus dicere, orfus eft a MaJJeceth Peah [i. 6. 
angulf] poft eam de benediftionibus [prasmiflam ;] 
quoniam omnia debita quae pertinent ad femen, 
tum demum ad illud pertinent poftquam de- 

'H -p-O IN7 O N7D lyn rn n^DO eo ^^^^ lo^o pofuit : poft Peah fequitur Demai, 

jN. 'J^ , mjJ< ?<717 7't3n7K rum de re dubia, quoniam & pauperibus ad eam jus 

DV NOb^?•0 iN7 T^-p-ii nop ruyhi^ eft ficut ad angulum. Juxta illud quod dicunt, 

tr\T\)i r\yyiha'\ nSlj; nonn K? DIJ' Edendum pabent pauferibus illud de quo dubium 

nmn^N p "1*TD S<n»3 naOirSK \a Ohl ^ft [defumptas fint inde decimas annon.] Poft 

nL30?yVi< '3 SpSx Dip 'lbiS3 "nJD Demal autem Cilaitn, Quoniam eo ordine pro- 

KHJ^S nOinn nnpO n'r^l^ i:?^ lOl cedit textus Scripturae S. in [Seaione] W? mV^ 

"IL. .i- .: ..»- -....'..« -,..,,-, -.L,. _..^ rL» ulud, /tptkw tuum non feres diverfo Jetntne. Uc- 
HiKS pt:'N-| nm;0 nonn'^f? njn lOI inde poft a/«.>«[fubjunxit]5^.M// [.-... dean- 
-i:?3 .VOT JNn3N'?N '3 rM2T\r&7 hurbn no feptimo.]^quum autem fuerat, ut C//«/»» fe- 
nnnnb^i 'b^ ':U? n&T^ i1&''^■> "Ity^^O queretur Maffeceth Orlah, \i. e. de praputio] 
\^ TJ?? jj<7 pl^n nDDO mj^D |01 quoniam is ordo eft quem obfervat Scriptura S. 
^<0 h^ plpriSx TV!r\ ^nha \D iny nifi vidiffet pra?putium non eflfe [quid] necefiki- 
"•yii! "1&">'0"1 ]W>n IC'yO'l noiin J<J3i'l ui" • quamdiu e. non plantatur non tenetur prae- 
.3'>nn'1 pr'l p'pl njO riV»"» ino* T^n P"*" U"''^ O ^^ *"""^ feptimus neceflarius eft. 
• ' Deinde cum intermifliio [anni feptimi] peculiar! 

capite legis praecipiatur, ideo prasmifit fermonem de Intermifllone. Poft Shebiitb autem pofuit 
Majfeceth 'Terumah [i. e. Oblationis] quoniam [oblatio] ilia, fcil. 'Terumah, primum eft, quode 
femine defumitur debitum : poft Terumah autem Maajher rijhen [/. e. traftatum de decimis pri- 
mis ;'] quoniam poft Terumah proxime defumitur. Poft Maajhor rijhon^ Maajher Sheni^ [i. e. 
de decimis fecundis] ordine [fuo.] Deinde Majfeceth Challah [de placenta ;] quoniam poftquan* 
exempta fuerint dc femine debita ifta, uti defcnpfimus, [fcil. Terumah ^ Decima prima, Decima 
2 fecunda. 



Dn -jSin VaTin jsot yoe^ ns'pip 
'3 cnSsSn ini mD*7K v"iJ, ^n yj"> 
"Ti'3 .1X3 nDDon n23 n{<7N j;'N-«y 
Drbo 'n^K ppnbK ;;'oi \vo mapn 
nN'3'7NT mvn n;;n nor^n kqjn j;"ins* 
?3 n^Sx '3 im Sn^oVx Dpn 
♦NO"! nK'3 ij^it Nn'3 7ipSN cnp 
^?o Sno n*OT .n'a Ni'K c:;;'?? jnS 
^:1'7Np j>Jo hy nN^aSx '3 on'? 
'SOT n;?^ 'Kon D^jyn m d»S'dno 
'3 fi^N ronn -^2 \ih D'nSd 
"jii:^ nN3 n7Dn ^j*? vnn D'C'-np 



.?.8 



PORTA M S I S. 



iecunda,] tunc iinpiollto [frumento] 6t ex eo fa- 
rina, qiije depfitur & tcnctur placenta. Ubi au- 
tem abfolutus eft fermo de femine & ex eo debi- 



DJibD'^K. 



N 



t:S3 rhr 




•;;nT 'D ^ip*?}* cDpn 'hh^nd 

♦7» "ii?iD mo nopp '3 "iDS art 
D»jnr 'D Sop NO 'Sj; Kirs^ nyNiJx 
f^TAs* 'S noTpV nnty nDD03 ^n3^^^D 
mn nnD3 dn'n* ni^3D Sd nix on 



curim [primitlis] eo ordine quera obfervat Scrip 
tura S. [In qua) de Orlah [didum eft] in Levitico^ 
* de Biccurim in fedione Vebayab ci tabo^ atque 
ita pcrtingit partitio fermonis de feminibus ad un- 
decim tra<5tatus. 

Turn pergens Seder Moed etiam in fpecies fuas 
partiri, ficuti fecerat in Zeraim, prinnim locum 

tribuit tradatui de Sabbato, quod primas in excel- pjj^'^ I'DITV r\2V '^\V2^ IJ^TN^X SiX 
lentiae gradu teneat, deinde quod feptimo quoque l^ ^^^^^^ ^ ^^^^^ ' • 

die [celebreturj atque ita faepius m tempons iene ■• ^ ' r i 

revertatur ; quodque ab eo etiam brfa fuerit lex 
ubi primo [mentionem facit] feftorum. Poft 
Sabbatum autem [pofuit] Erubim [feu tradatum de 
Commixtionibus,'] quoniam & ipfe ad intentionem 
Sabbati pertinet, Poft eum Pefachim [feu trada- 

tum de Pafcbate,'] quoniam illud pra;ceptorum . _ _ 

quae praecepit Deus per Mo/f« primum eft, idem- d^^^j-j ^^^ -/^^ ajh^hn DKOHN "ijii 

que&bbatuminfedbnede^eftisfequitur Et p,L, ^p^g j-j,^^^ ,L,^ ^\^^^ HP . 1^31 

poft eum [trad^tumj Shekalm [feu de Suits,) " ' " 

juxta Scriptune ordinem : deinde Cippurim [feu 

de Feftq expiationis] poft Shekalm, juxta eundem 

ordinem, quoniam praeceptum de Siclis eft in 

[fedione] " Ci T^a^a, & de die Expiationis, [fec- 

fipne] «■ Achare Moth. Tum perrexit ad fermo- 

nem de tribus feftis abfolvendum : cumque de 

Pafchate jam locuto, de Succoth [tabernaculorum] 

S; Sbebuoth [feptimanarum] feftis dicendum refta- 

ret, nee eflet quod de fefto Septiman. diceret pras- 

ter pa^ca quaedapi quae cuilibet diei fefto conveni- 

unt (funtque ea quae Majfeceth Betzah [i. e. ovi] 

conficivmt) tradatum Succoth tradatui Betzah, ob 

multitudinem praeceptorum quae ad [feftum] Ta- 
bernaculorum fpedant, praemifit. Cumque jam . -,. ^ 

n'on fiipereflet ipfi quicquam de temporibus, quo- \\'pr\ KHJN? H^JO'^K nVJ^^H 1)^3 T01 

rum mentio fit in leg;e, prxter Initium ami, locutus nVJi^H li'pnn j'n'?*? ^nDNAoSji NOJN^N 

eft poft Betzah, de Initio anni, atque ita finitus eft piixS \\DT) TyiO i~lSjO "11^3 XQ DIl 

illi fermo de tempofum [diftindionibus] quorum in 

lege fit mentio. Tum pergens ad tempora quorum 

mentio in libris Prophetarum (quibus pax) occurrit, 

quae funt dies Jguniorum a Prophetis inftituti, fer- 

mqni de Initio anni fubjunxit fermonem de Taanioth, 

p. e. Jejuniis •,] & Taanioth, de Megillab, [feu 

librp EJieris, fcil. de fefto Purim •,] quoniam [fef- 
tum] iftud Prophetarum, qui pofteriores erant 

iiiis qui Jejunia ordinarunt, conftitutio eft. Tum 

poft Megillah, Moed katon [feu, tradatum de 

fefto TOrvo] pofuit, quod ipfi cum diebus Purim 

cornmune quid fit, [fcil.] quod in neutro ipforum 

jejunare, feu ludui fe dare liceat. Finito ergo de 

feft" ■ ' 



myo n> by t^nn ,^v, t\)!nv Sin* 
nty-i3 '3 n2u?S ri'^xn^N s^iir'K 'm 
rom hy □♦'7pc^ t<mj;3T nTTpio 
h:^ p'7ps:r nyn nmsD on ]*jW 
♦3 D'Spa nync? \vh ^iv♦x ri^mbK 
cii mo nnx '3 .□m33"i i<z'r\ '3 



moN N1D ni;ri3c^ *3 dSdh* no r\yn 
m^'z n3Do ♦ni 3id dv Ss pDn 
v'N-iiy. nin37 nv's h]; hdid Dtps 
Sii'B^N 10 rh p3' dSs niDID 
'nyi:!^ itnt nu yhi^ '3 rfiisnoSN 
r-\yt'T\ vvrs 'Sp ny'3 "tj?3 pSdhs 
7r;;3'7N ♦Si; onSd*?}* nS Sodi 
'3 njN Dii rmnSx '3 hi'is'io'?^ 
^s'3JnSn 3n3 '3 rin^D-ipSj^ Sivs^n 

DN'V'^N QN'N Ml QnSd'7N DH'Sy 

dnSsSn ;?3nNa □♦N'3i ijpn 'rha 



Q-in* IN tCHD nms. dn'n ;'31 nrn 

N0V3 -laDnSxi oN'i-^N n;?;oj noh's 
j>inotNi^i SiSbN hy □n'7D7K on 
n3D03 -j7n nniN j<n3 7vnK koi 
tySty '3 o^» xoo ^J^JNS nj'jn 
K*? |nS Di^ir n'j hjnS n-iDNi c'^.n 
73 nS7N. Snp N03 "n3nSj< n'j □?> 
ni^io '3 Sip7N rioDp nnniN3 "pi3? 
: Nn3Do riityj; »sn:nN 
tzi^\ ^3 Vp7N noDp '3 niN en 
nn^p 'n'^N n'^i^^Ni ni03O nn3N3 




D3» IK fiSn IN n7 '7Npn r\'h'y nni* 



cum 

tradatu Chagiga [i. I'eltivae compantionis 
Domino] abfolvit, quoniam eft ifte de iis quae ad 
tria fefta pertinent : ideo autem ultimo loco hunc 

[t^datum] pofuit, quod non fit [praecepti] generaKs, cum non'fpedet nifi ad mafculos; ficut dixit 
Pojninus, Omnes mares tui. Atque ita didorum de feftis diftributio ad duodecim tradatus pervenit. 
Tum ad partiendum fermonem de mulieribus pergens, orfus eft a [tradtatu] 7'ebamoth, [de fra- 
triis j] caufa autern quae impulit ipfiim ut a Tebamoth initium fumeret, non a [tradatu] Cetuboth [de 
inftrumentis contraduum matrimonialium] quem pramittendum docet ratio, inciperet, hasc eft, 
quod fcil. matrimonium fit res fpontanea, neque in poteftate Judicium fit ut quempiam ad uxc- 
rem ducendam adieant i ciim Levirationis jura praeftare cogatur [quis,] & dici ipfi [poflit,] Aut. 
' 2 .; . , cal- 

^ Deat. zzvi. « Exod. xxx. 12. ' Levit. xvi. 



PORTA M S I S. 



29 



pnx ♦m 



n3-3 >?S"1K ni-lif'^K IDxS.SiD fiNnn'^NI calceum exuas, aut Leviri officb fungere, ordiri 

hl3")nD TV'S"! mmnon "fn "ryni mOi'D f^tem a re neceflaria fatius eft. Quare ab Tebamotb 

M/DJK Nil'?? Cmj ncna |XS DmJD incipiens, deinde fubjunxit Cetuhoth, & poft C^/tf- 

XPD XDJVk :K0'K '5 Xn^O npanSx ^'"^^' ^^^^^"" \A^ votis,] quia omnis difquifitio 

nJVl innS !l>t Vn intyKb ty'i* t'n Svn q"3EadfeaionemArf^anOT[fpeaat]eftdemuUerum 

?7l,L^^^,i^ ii ', S^ juramento; quemadmodum dicit. Inter virum ad 

m2irp^ nnnj -t:DN '^n^a nn-tJ -ia» fe^is autem jam nuptiis & admiffa in thalamum 

nnnJ^S* \ih nnnj Qnii nj;D |01 [fponfa,] penes [vimm] eft vota ejus imta facere, 

rmj S4nN1 Dn-i:7K riSoJ p Ki^X ideoque Nedarim fubjunxit [tradlatui] Cetuhoth. 

l^DMK "qTiSs "12»C? ^37 Tm nirxn Trz6ta.tma.uttmNedarm,Neziruth[dsNaziraa- 

H01 ilNV'^N on KqSq JTITHD Dmj ^^ quoniam Naziraatus etiam eft e numero vo- 

't3 iJIK Omj niQn \i2 nW □?'? torum, & fi voto fe ad Nazir<eatum obftrinxerit 

PN^'^D^N yp» JNirSx ira in'? PnSdS.^ ^°''"'""' Fnesmaritumeftutideniirritumreddat: 

L.„,„ .''„«. -(.-,„, -„J, „,' , L„i,w quare poft Nedarim ftatim Nezzrutb collocavit. 

HlDIC,' ,'0'J TPDI nnn3 •T);3 ym yyp Pinltifque [qu^de] matrimon o [dicenda erant] & 

KHJkV pK>D\NVVnJ P N^TK NHJnS qua. inde pendent de irritis faciend is votis, dicere 

pN7D7N '7;^ iNJIHK inp WiJ NjiJ* aggrefTus eft de divortio ; quia poft matrimonium 

r-U\V "lym n;?V1D ♦tJ p* XD 'Tj; locum habet divortium, & G////« [de libellis repu- 

♦pDI DX': TID nrO Xnay I'tyi'^'p dii] poft iVezz>a//&pofuit: poft G///;« autem ^o/^i* 

TtyiTp "Oa ch SkID'^K [ftu de muliere declinante,] quin & hoc ftib divor- 

TKD t<03K NnJKDOl D'Tpn^N^ *^'° comprehenditur ; cum ubi adulterium commi- 

07 niK ribt) fK3 m^IDD '^3p fs"<^[^"^"^^"a]compelIanturconjugesaddivortium, 

r^ '72;a» KVSmninD Snp J<nS;;!3» pfoutlocofuoexplicabitur. Deinde poft 5./^^^ 7^^^^ 

l.i-,«* w-,; t^*.^-. rf.o — ,»*»J-,« f-,»^.^» ^«/-o/>K, [de Sponlalibus ; J quo [tradlatu] abfolvitur 

nnNV V^J i<f2n 1^ npinDI man* SederNaJhim. Supereft autem qu^ftio. Quare ul- 

timo loco pofuerit [traftatum] Kiddujhim, cum pri- 
mo potius ponendus eflet, & ante Cetuboth collo- 
candus. Quod fi refponderis ipfum, eum tradatui 
Cetuboth ideo non praemififle, ne [trad.] Tebamoth a 

iiJiiij »->wnp»A 1/1 ^^-j k^w-ik> ( u« [trad. ]Cf/«^c/^fepararet, quorum fcopus idem eft, 

73p PnSdSn ♦£) D/DH 'tSk ^NflDSn ^'^- Maritatio, atque ita neceflario continuandus fii- 

nS 3nD1 ♦7Nj7r> rh\D im rtyiTp?}* ^"*^ "^^ "^ fermo, uti dlximus, at faltem ante Gittin 

W30 nnSu^-) rn^3 nJl mnna nao ponendus [videturjut ita online remrnprimu^ 

«,«« »M»A^ -.f,,-,^ -,-.{-,-1^ sf^,^», -,v»M« cus tnbuatur [tradatui] AzJi«/&zw, deinde TO? G//- 

nnx C^'N'? nn'.Tl no'^m in'30 n^yn , ■„ . ^efpondendum [ergo] eft» fecifle ipfum hoc 

tx«307J?n nn^H t:''N7 nrvm rnip roi qudScriptuneordinemimitaretur, qua;priusdedi- 

|'2n >iQ3 I'm*p7X 71ir3 p X7yi3 vortio loquitur quamdefponfalibus. uti in illo quod 

nODpnNnniND IDI nj<'*;;»7 nnn e?>Pa iDeo diaumea,tScribetqueeilibellumre^udH,^ 

: mnpD.O yDD Q'C^i ♦£) Vp7K dabit inmanus ejus, i£ dimittet earn e domo fua, (^ 

bDpS Ip'TJ 'D ^pVn HDDp '3 iJiK Dli egredietur e domo ejus, (^ ibit i^ erit viro alteri. 

DNDpN rihSh kSinSn KHDOoSn 'S '7pSk ? dido ejus [^nV^a^ viro alteri] didicimus, caput 

npan^N Knynjl t<Op t<333 nn^Kl decapitibusfponfalmm, utiexplicatur[iftoi2<z^^z- 



□7 



fiam'^N jiDn ind 'nn p^J 

*]yj DKIJD DKtbJ 'S:; I'DJ Qli 



Snpi) 



norum dido] Comparat permanjionem ejus cum viro, 
cum exitu ejus. Atque ita abfoluta eft partitio ejus 
fermonis de mulieribus, feptem tradatibus. 

Tum pergens partiri fermonem de Damnis, ilium 
in tradatu primo divifit in tres partes, ortus a Baba 



. t<op 

^r>^ "jTi nat^N noi ^^nj'7N^ ^I^^hSni 
V^\> *7Dp ♦&♦ DTp' it« ddnhSk DrS» 
riN^'vo t>JD3 ch DwW ]^ rc^iha ^ __ r-„., 

riNJSON'^N") 'INirnS^ 'O, npan'?^ Knihjl Kama \\. porta prima ;] cujusfcopus eft_difquirere de 

^^*o^ -iNj'nDK7Ni riaSo'jNi nnDN^Ni 
TTS 'T'Ns n^7N Nina Tvn |n nW* 
"ij;3ni 713") -iiE' CNDHN n;^3 I'j'?^ 
^;;D1^? 'a D7Dn wma ivy '31 
npanSx khv-ijii K-in3 n32 dii x^yv 
nrpNi*7N □ND^^iSN'l 'vk-inSk rtoop 'a 



damnis, eaque impedire: ut [e. g. in] Bove [cornu- 
peta] puteo, incendio, vulnere & fimilibus : neque 
[certe] Magiftratum quicquam prius curare decet, 
quam ut damnum ab hominibus prohibeat. Sequi- 
tur Baba Metzia [feu porta media,] cujus fcopus eft 
difquirere de prastenfionibus & depofitis, de con- 
dudionibus, mutuatione, & elocatione, & quas ad 
haec referri convenit •, juxta illud quod fecit Scriptu- 
ra, quae poft judicia de bove [cornupeta] & puteo, 
& incendio, & capite cufn litigaverint viri, locuta 
eft de quatuor cuftodibus. Deinde Baba Bathra, 
^•^^ ^'2ii'\ nHNlo'^NI [porta poftrema, ] cujus fcopus eft difquirere quid de 
'a nJN3 'kD h'DN'P mONI Spi rb^ divifionefundorum, &dejudiciis quae locum ha- 
«*« j,^v» -^M^»,i.»Uv»*' M... ..».LL ...C bent m sedibus communibus & vicmis, deque dilio- 
'3 IDN ON3nK'7Xa trpj; j<oSa pV^ lutione commercii ob vitium apparens, deVe ver- 

bis quas in vendendo & emendo adhibentur, quid ftatuendum fit, & de fide juflione, & hKreditati- 
bus : banc autem claflem ultimo loco pofuit, quoniam tota a traditione [pendet,] eftque de rebus quze 
conjedura nituntur, neque In textu explicata futit. Cumque jam judiciorum £rationeni] notam fe- 

VoL. I. H " cerat, 

* Ceut. »ir. I, *. a 



nNj?v3'7K ♦a hnmDha dnSdJ^ki 

tl'3 rinc-'N^Ni 



(NQifSi*"! rra 



□sn' 



3d PORTA MOSIS. 

cerat, fermoncmdejudiclbusquieademdifcemunt, jnsy ^hSSn CJiSTlSj* 'TJ^ .DnSdVn 

jnftituens, fubjunxit traft. 5d^a 5a/Ar<i [traft.] j^-^ji^ x33 ;?3nND DiSDnNSx "]7r» 

[Sartbedrin] [de judicibus.] Porro traaatus M/f- y^.;-,;-, -,p3 ^^^^^ nDD3 NSN riinJOn 

fff/i[deplagis]in[quibufdarn]exemplaribuscon- ^^j^ j^i ^^ tn^HJO n:iDD^ IDjSn '3 

tinuatur cum tracflatu Sanhedrtn, unufque cum eo »,l,-„_, ,- X,^ u-v.-, w«^U — ,,«C 

cenfetur, quoniam ubi dixifTet, IJii funt ^uiftran. l^P,^"^^^^'^,^,^!^^,^^^^^ f^^^^J^iS 

rK/4«/«r, continuo ci adjunxerunt, -^/ /«»/ qui ^'^ P^^ IP^^'^ 1'^ ^^^ nD XI'^^DX 

««/«/«»/. Hoc autem redle non fit, vemm ipfe t^H'TN'n '"^j; t^nXO M '"^n. HTTV 

feorfim traftatus eft, qui conneditur quidem cum "mii^^Vy iO \iO \'•'r^r^:D^2Jp•i^\ii^ 

Sanhedrin, quoniam nemo denudare terga, & [pla- nT>^ Tip in DNpniN lU TlTrPK D'pl 
garum] numerum conftituere poteft exceptis judi- •.'\^\yV^ HD VJO'? "iHSm D3lB?n iS'SHl 

cibus» quod a Domino didtum eft, ''£//>r^fr«^r(? ^p^ jj^'^ imypSJ^ mOD TJ731 

facietipfum judex, t^ flagis cadet eum coram ipfo -YiT nnPNI "l7n IDS p3 >««irK 

fecundhnmenfurammpietatisejusmnumera ,^ ^^ ^^^ isDHNSx '3 nDNm 

[dejuramentis,]quoniaminterfinemiftiustraaatus T^ ^'^.O . C^^' ^^^^^^ Ts , 

&initiumhujusfimiHtudoqusdaminjudiciisacci- "i^! ?^' **" 1^-^ D«3n7K TjJ^ TO 

dit, quemadmodum in Talmude memoratur ; cui D»<7D7N DH Na^SpDNrT^X TJ i'0'7K 

addendum, quod hoc etiam de quo hic agitur ju- X^"^ ^'^"^ DNDn^Nl p^rD^^t7^? '3 

dicum fit, cum nemo ad jurandum cogere poflit 3NJ'J*1 D7i'7N p iZlDNn7N 7;?3 HD 

pneterjudicem. Abfolutoque jam de judiciis & pJ OJQJ?/::"! mnj; »3 nSon ^ND'^J'7^? 

judicibus fermone, deque iis in quibus proprie ver- ^i^^ "p '7ip» >j< J>JnDDoSx nirt 

faturjudicisofficium, plagisfc. &juramentisim- □xpJ< XHD "iTW ^phu maSlSl* 

ponendis, loqui [pergit] de Edahlh [teftificationi- j^^^J, i^^^^^ DnmN^niy ?N^ pwniO 

bus,] cujus tiadatus fcopus praecipuus eft tradere ;,j<-,j<ntySi< TkS CiOnxSK 10 3ny in3 

omnes, quibus teftimomum perhibuerunt homines _Ll^, _,-.»LLv, ,-,, „^ ' ^ w»»,,v. 

fide digni, fententias, cum ipforumteftimonium 1^^^ CDDHVbH »T |'3 mn J<DiN 

praxeos norma fit, ipfumque judicii fpecies qua- ^'^ '^ n:K3 NOJJ« NHiO nlNntT '^D 

dam; teftimonia enim coram judicibus proferun- mplDB^ |N7 mj;i3iy "J^n K."ni)N1 p 

tur, eodemque modo unumquodque eorum didlo- nVTJ^T "nm'7K "JTIO '7;^ JNnnri "110K 

rum prolatum fliit in confiftorio. Hunc autem pD t>jnD 'MIV ID DNDnND "1N3DN 

tradatum poft traftatum Shebuoth pofuit, quoniam "i^f^ on KmSlDpS nj<p"lK QNDn H* 

juramenta res fimt quibus perpetuo opus eft -, tefti- -^qj^ p^^^ ,-pj pniSj; '3 nppn^K '3 

monia autem declarationesdecifionum quibus cum p^j^^^^^j^ i^^^ ^y -,3^ do^SS mni 

tradere aggreflus eft qua ftatuenda fimt de Idolo- ^^^ °f"^' ^1^ '^^'P ^^'^^ ^^^^^* 

latria, quoniam &ea[fcire]judicineceflarium eft, "IN nnn?^N rnN3;?3 711? 13]; p |N7 

eoque perfeftus evadit judex, cum Idolorum ifto- HOD* N7 •tn07N rii;^n3 nniy07K '^T 

rum confiietudines, & quae ad eas requiruntur, ITlDNl nTHPN TpJ^K N3NJ S03 Snp 

calleat, fciatque quid de illis ftatuendum fit. Siqui- INE^Sk '3 N7N . ;;pl'7K 7'Sp ilj^'? 

dem qui Saturnum cuitu Veneris colit, aut Jovem H'Sn JN^n^ t>ID'73 PlS 'l^OD KOSS 

eo modo invocat quo invocandus eft Mars, non vi)i^j-} '-h^'\ rilDN '3 "IDK DDNnSK 

eft mortis reus juxtaiUud quod vera traditione ad C^^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^ -^'l,^,!^ j^QnTHN* 

nos delatum eft ; ultimo autem loco hunc [traCta- -LLu., i^'iwsSv* •»♦ i4>ivUUw> i-rm^. -i^w» 

• tumjpofiiit, quoniam [de rebus eft qu^jraro con- E^,^ J^S^ ^£ ■ ^?f ^** " "^ '^f^ 

;tingunt.Atqueabfolutis jam omnibus quibus opus ^P a7K^7N 7ri7N pp» |K p 

habet judex fiibjunxit [tiucftatum] /f^^/-?., [i. de H^K n'Nn'7K Sl^lV H'hv'^ii hbrJ0'7X 

patrum fententiis,] idque duas ob rationes, quarum DmKj:y^t '3 N71Kn 7nD' mifj^ '3 nJN7 
prima eft, ut notam tibi faceret certitudinem alle- ' "inK T)pn7 "1JK3 DN "I'^Np NiSHI 

gationum, & traditionis, vere fcil. illam fiicceftive K"l7Np1 131 Sk'SoJ \Tbv liH jT3 

[alios ab aliis accepifle,] ideoque deberi honorem j^-jn iflt) "nnZl SkIOS'D l*Tn3 TIC^OB^ 

viro dodo, eumque gradu eminenti collocandum, iJ^^ -j^n "Tip* N'7'S DKi7'7 31K 

fluodadipfumpervenerittruditio, quiaipfefeculo p,L,^ ^p^^ Jc,^ -^-^ ^^^ L^^^ 

fuo permde eft ac illi in fecuhs fiiis, atque ita dix- ,^ il f-^JL^ .yL ' -L-:,^ -.^oil^* 

-erun\, Num inquiremus in conjijiorium Ralban • 'l^.^^UU ' ^^l ^Vt 

Gamliel,8ic. dixcnint ttkm, Sam/on feculofuo,ut "^ ~~ '''"' J<a3N1 ODNnTN ]N737 

Samuel feculo fuo. Hoc enim docentur homines, 1335^0.1 '3 ^Np NOD HD i^^pV 

nedicat [quis,] num judicium ?</'«v©'ample(fte- "TINI DDH IH KOJNl KIH D'hSn? 

mur, aut conftitutioni t ty'av©' acquiefcemus ? 'T1"I0 'Sy j^DC^ '*7K |*rc^ JO *7pi» 

" Neque enim ita fe res Jhabet, neque enim judicium iTin '3 '^Ip' JX '^NdSn fl^Sxi |KOr^J< 

? c/^«v^, Judicis eft, fed Dei, qui illud nobis pras- U>t2'3rh^ jo DDH Sd DNIN NnDD0'7K 

cepit, ficut dixit, ^oniam judicium Domino eji. ^.^^y^ j^njO oVyniS DN^dSn On^W 

Eftquejudiciumunumabunoaddterumpercon- ^L^^ ,C,j^ ^^^^1,^^ ^ pihlnhn 

tinuam tempons lenem traditum. Secunda ratio eft, ' ' 

ut in hoc tradatu prsecepta omnium Sapientum (q. p.) moralia referat, ut ab illis mores laudabiles 
addifcamus. Omnium autem maxime his opus habet Judex ; fiquidem Idiotae, fi non probe culti 

2 fu- 

^ Deuc. XXV z. 



PORTA MOSIS. 31 

ilNnn Ch kin H^N^Sk \ih DSKhSn fuerint, non hoc omnibus, fed ipfis folis nocet • 
liN f>K:JK V'Dtiil yn "ly* D7 at judex, fi non probe cultus & fubadis moribus 
□DNhSn. pD' 07 |N1 Ops nODJD fuerit, perit ipfe unique homines univerfos in per- 
DN:Sn "iShNI nSn ^*V^e^^a NatNnO "^'^'^'" ^""^^'^ • ideoque primum quod in Moth oc- 
m^N 'fl n3 J>JO SlK nViSsD tstlO ''"'■"* ^^ .^^ mftituendis judicibus, fcil. [£/o/f 
KIND ina fJinO Vn atOnSN 3N-rX3 L't ^,^1 ""'^ ^^!? autem redle inftruftus 
-_-„^' -.-.Lvrt soni r-1-.vnSw -i-ri^r. ^uent Judex ea, quam docet traftatus ^^o/,&, tar- 
n^DO nnJOVn ^sO^ ODNH'^K a^^*n ditate & lenta in judicando feftinatione Cquoniam 
TVp-^ DNOnKSx '5 ^iKn'^N p mjN fi feftinaverit forfan [occurret] in judicio ifto oS 
jip N'D3"V TJ3 |K mh^7 NiTfl nJ7K cultum quid, quemadmodum dicunt p. m. [Sapi- 
jl7lp' t<OD lilDKD DDn7N l^i 'fl entesjjudicium profmdum quid eft,) [czvebitjeti- 
7"I"1D» N71 nO"nO p aN'7D'7K □n'S;; am ne Judicium, cum perfpedtum habuerit nihil 
rra oh |N '"it im >;i'N DDhSn fuperefle in eo occulti, protrahat ; hoc enim illud 
\nn ♦IJj; >DDr>' ''iha in Nim rlJtDNa ^^ ^"""^ appellatur JffHilw JudkH .• quinetiam 
"TJV bann*"! TinsrSK nnaa nhS'l "^"^^"^ ^"^ '" mterrogandis teftibus, & inter inter- 
„.^ -.►^vSn ?n ?^-t^^r^n» -nv^v riit'^Cv* rogandum cavebit ne arripiant e verbis ipfius quod 
^iA^'-^Sf it '^S 1. r^^in^ ^P^°^ ^^ "^"'^ q^^'^ ^°J""^ affequendum dirigat j 
in^K ,pV Kb! Cnm;! im mmD' neque litigantibus argumenta ieret, quod qui 
ii'7^ rm 'D-ny ^pon^ -]bn mp^V [faciunt] .r^/«^/.m >i/V«». appellantu?: neque 
pp' N7 O ri^Np^K ;?0 nop: 7nn» fe facile vulgo adjunget, ne contemptui habeatur ; 
"|7n' N^ O NiTK n2NJn b7J' N71 neque difficilem fefe aditu prseftabit, ne pereat 
nK771 namn dSnD pD> nSi f]';?V'7K impotens ; neque otia & delicias fedlabitur, ne 

' ' ■ '" omittantur quas ab ipfo praeftari debent, & ad le- 

vitatem ipfum abducat concupifcentia ; nee aliis 
prasire amet, [aut] praeceps [fit] in fententia feren- 
da, ne fufpedus evadat, & in plerifque judiciis 
fuis ad lites inter partes componendas inclinet. 
Quod fi poterit Judex [efficere] ne omnino jus di- 
cat tota die, aliter quam ut lites amice componat 
inter diflldentes, certe hoc longe opdmum eft. 
Quod fi nequeat [diffidentes] inter fe conciliare, 
jus dicat, ita tamen ne violenter agat ; fcil. tem- 
pora longa condicat, & [illi qui reus perhibetur] 
fe purgandi copiam faciat ; imo vel fi fermonem 
protrahat, & inepte agat ; quod fi hoc efficere 



ronjvha nrunDm pipnSx ;>'irn 'ah p 
'bi; onpiD mpn'^K 's ano k^^i 
CDb^rtD 'D arvi'') nnry> i6 '3 ^^nshn 
DDxnbK "Tip jND rb':!hii ha noNDn« 
7'j ,-n.s\i: ^vl) rhm ddpt tvs* aba 

ah^ n^rha nays rlnba p,D' ch 
nTiD7i< SnjnSk nny 'jyx ti^j;* 
Snq jNi nD3J ty i^DKT nD7nn 

3DnD "^Sn jDO' 07 |N£) t^DDT HOnSd 

j;Dp'i oj'S pb intbv NO") orr'iNjn 
DHK-ii KD hv aapuia h"}} tD^iia 



ana 
ht]D 



3N'n7N nnini SpinSxi didVn S'csnm 
nina^^N rinahoSx p>Nh'iVt< i^'Dpni 
n'nDi -^Si Div no n.ts rh \a2 
]i7y rn^ha n-in Sho ♦&! Nin 
ixnn' h'^ojSnii '\nn r\a \nrf aip» 

nnxO^K aO!D7ND pD» IK OSKnSN 

mp' NO haD -inKo^N ^'^idSn |nS 
2D' N73 nnjK7Na 3tJ' ^N Hipon 

|0 'ipN n7j?SN iK 'ar\ \aQ rfr\i6a:i 
["ironp jiMa^ Dt3,rtlA^SN3 2t:n |n 



nequeat, juxta ipforum allegationes, & quod fibi 
vifum fuerit, decernat, prius quam fe loco moveat, 
fententiam ferens. Quemadmodum videmus [ma- 
jores] (q. p.) fecifle, dum [juberent] ligari manus, 
afFerri fiagra, inftanter caedi, vefl:ibus nudari, fcindi 
chirographa teftibus confirmata, cum [cuipiam] ip- 
forum appareret in illis quod hoc neceflarium face- 
ret, cum aliis ejufmodi multis : & de hujufmodi 
feveritate dicunt, Perforabit judicium montem. 
Summatim, necefle eft ut fit Judex inftar medici 
periti -, quoniam medicus peritus, quamdiu mederi 
poteft alimentorum ope, non utitur medicamentis ; 
quod fi viderit morbum fortiorem effe quam ut 
lanari poflit alimentis, medicamenta adhibet quae 



VIoSk jN 'NT INS iVirha rmOi?SN proxime ad alimenta accedunt, qualia funt fyrupi, 



•Tin {NT npK 



no\N;pm 



mnpn nS trtyxSN 

'ipN^ND jnV^n '3, ■^:i!^« ,^--- 

7bjn7N Dntri n^iiopoSx hhT>a pDKi 
nmKSN lo.rrin nas^N ary\ -idvSni 

♦pii p57D DDH -np'.nS |Na nW?N 



& eledhiaria aromatica dulcia ; quod fi adhuc mor- 
bum invalefcere perfpiciat, itaut his rebus vinci & 
oppugnari non poflit, fortioribus ad fanandum 
utitur, segroto fcammoneum, medullam colocyn- 
thidis, aloem, & alia ejufmodi medicamenta amara, 
ingrata, porrigens : fie & Judex concordiam [in- 
ter partes diffidentes] feftabitur, quam fi [efficere] 
cum lenitate judicabit, & litigantes 



nequivent, 

,. ._ . , ,,._ verbis blandis excipiet ; quod fi hoc non poffit ob 

f|jli^'"J ri'TJ^ np» N"l"lj IidSjiSk ni7l31 alterlus e litigantibus violentiam, & quod injufte 
aha DDXnVS 'jay NOQI NJS5;1 nod altemm vincere conetur, [tum] ilium vi adiget & 
har^ha rdnoi a^rha 'fl dSoSn -inD» '^^S^'^' "ti defcripfimus. Porro inter ea quae judi- 
r^3 WIE^ DNnsSN pj NOD mnbSN"! '^^^ '^^'^^"^ ^^' "^ i""ltum mundo nihiet, aut 




infiiget, Jiabiliet terram ; at fi fimilis fit Sacerdoti qui circuit horrea^ vajlabit illam. Cum ergo 



re- 



^* 



PORTA M S t S. 



requiratur In judice, ut moribus hifce omnibus 
probe inftruftus fit, quam opportune [traftatui] 
Sanbtdrin., iifque quae ei adjundta funt, fubjunxit 
traftatum Abotb, qui inftitutiones has omnes con- 
tinet, additis aliis quae praeducunt ad abftinendum 
a rebus mundanis, & fcientiam doftofque amplec- 
tendos, omniaque juftitiae & pietatis opera facienda. 
Cumque jam tradatum de moribus in judicibus 
[requifitis] abfolverit, ad eorundem errores expli- 
candos] pergit, quoniam non eft quifpiam natura 
humana praeditus qui immunis fit ab errore, quare 
poft Abotb pofiiit [traftatum] Horaioth [i. de Do- 
cumentis] quo Seder Nezikin claufit : atque ita abfo- 
lutaeft partitio fermonisdeZ)a»»««,oftotra(ftatibus. 
Turn parens Sermonem de Kodajhim [i. Sanfti- 
tatibus] partiri, initium ab Oblationibus beftia- 
rum fiimfit, fcil. a tra(5ktu Zebachim [de Sacrifi- 
ciis.] Traftatui autem Zebachim fiabjunxit [trad.] 
Menacboth [de oblationibus fie didis] juxta feriem 
legis coelitus demiflas \ abfolutoque de [oblationum] 
fandarum maftatione rebufque iifdem annexis fer- 
mone, pergit etiam de madatione aliarum vidima- 
rumj juxta Scripturae ordlnem, agere, quoniam poft 
didum ipfius. ' ^ia in loco quern eliget Dominus 
in una tribuum tuarum ibi offeres, &c. addit, 
'Tantummodo omne quod deftderat anima tua, maSla- 
Poft [tradatum autem] Menacoth po- 



ni3N CXDJ 

♦n*w ^<^3 "n-iVf 



pnK Kaa sna nixn'S 



mn 3S1K -jSi 



. rhf '3 "inr |Sn ... _. . ,. . 

3Nnx TO an mdSs t^n'?^ t^pnSxi 
10 |X7 cpmno 'j3 -idx okdhSn 
jo "hy i<7 rfic'3^N rTj?;3t37K rra 
?«n3i niSN* ijTD mnin Spa SS6x 
'?ipSK noDp mnn:x3 |pn3 mo dhd 
: niriDDo jNon pp'rj ^a 
Nn3D D^jnp '5 7'ip'7»s noDp 'D -iDX on 
pn p'nnr nsDO mi O'NnnVN j'ainpa 

T7vnK N01 c'tyrpSN* n^n on jN no'70 

♦D nSip "lya |N7 Ni'x pSx ham 

S32 pn Sxp '131 nSj;n □?:♦ ^DDe; 
nimo priKO 'idi rarn "jiraj. nij* 
rDm 'V nniM |'Sin "i;r3i j'Sini 
nix S-)3 p-i nSip nya xyx pSx 
"inj^tya ^dnS "^sin ^ SKp 'i3i "'uraj 



fuit [trad.] Cholin, [de prophanis.] Poft Cbolin, ^'^ np3n7N On N07D I^Nn "]ip3 
.BfcoriJ/i',[dePrimogenitis,]fcripturaeetiamordinem JNOnN^N '£5 "ijH riDTpO^N fNj)'*yK7X 
fecutus, cum poft illud Tantummodo omne quod de- ri11133 i^UriNfl EHIp Nif'K 'H *nSx 
Jiderat anima tua^ Sic. dixeriti^ Non poteriscvmede- "h}} mion CDO'W TJ^^ 701 D*D"1V3 
reinportistuisdecimamfrumentitui,muJii,&elei fpQPh^ CD N073 NITN P^N fOrn 
tui,&primogeHitabovistui,i^pecoristui,Scc.ab- ' ' 

folutique difquifitione de perfonis fandis, aggrefllis 
pretia quae etiam fanda funt, [tradatui] Becoroth 
fubjunxit Eracin [de asftimationibus -,] deinde 
[tradatui] Eracin^ Terumab [de permutatione^] 
juxta ordinem Scripturae, deinde, ftatutis quae fta- 
tuenda erant de his fpeciebus, fubjunxit tradat : 
Ceritutb [de excifione j in quo omnia quae obnoxia 
reddunt excifioni praecepta recenfet, cum iis quae 
ad illud argumentum pertinent. Caufa autem quod 
hanc fpeciem in ordme Kodajhim pofuerit, eft, quod 
ob quodcunque [peccatum] fuperbe commiflum 
tenentur [homines] poena excifionis, ob idem ex 
errore commiftTum tenentur facrificio pro peccato, 
paucis tantum, prout ibi declarabitur, exceptis. 
Poft Ceritutb fequitur [trad.] Meilah [de praeva- 
ricatione,] quoniam ea ob quae tenetur quis obla- 

tione Afe/A/it [feu pro praevaricatione,] leviora funt ^ 

iis ob quae facrificium pro peccato ofFerendum eft. hDDiSx "prS) rhIvSx 'iSn n'3 nnn 
Poft M«7ai' autem ttad.rW[de facrificio jugi] j^q^ ,-,L,L,j^ i^^p ^ ^j^^^ n3Di 7kS 



riDDOi -(Si r^DK );ni3n"7S .Tin 'u 
'ny ;r»in2'7K y'oj Nn»3 'vn' nin-iD 
r»J7N -yni ^rc KOI m3 nrvti rjh 
O'lrip '3 ;n:7i< Nin n^x^^ix- nS;n 
jO"n nns liinr V;r |»3»nty S3 jxS 
^S03 TD»7K X7N nxDH injijiy Sjr 
IN*? n'^'^ro ninn3 1^3 toi -]N:n |'3» 

n»on n3D0 nVj;o 1^3 |0i r\Vi\2n 
X71 npan Nn;3 oh |X7 . x^dxi 
tN3 *73 ip pa C3X-)n N*7i SxSn 
xo'Ni nrj h'nno'S TonSx 37p' 
N.T3 nJ7N D'^^i niio n»on Tr3 pi 
n5vi nnmvi npoSx rinxoo f|yi tj 
'J3 ^rix m:N "iSn ni'xai rux'J3 



quem caeteris poftpofuit quod non fit in co difqui 

fitio legalis, neque liciti vel illiciti [determinatio,] 

fed modus tantiim, quo ofFerri folebat facrificium 

juge, defcribatur, ut ita eodem modo femper peragi 

poflit. Poft Tamid autem [tradlatus] Middoth [de 

menfuris,] cujus non alius eft fcopus, quam ut 
, menfuram Sanduarii, ejufque figuram, & ftrudurse 
f raticmem defcribat : cujus utilitas hsc eft, utcum 

pofthac aedificabitur, crbfervetur in eo eadem figura, 

atque eadem proportio : cum proportio fuerit ab 

ipfo Deo accepta, ficut dixit, ' Omnia in Scripturd de manu Domini fuper me intelligere fecit, &c. 
, Cum autem jura de oblationibus animalium, omnibufque quas iifdem annexa funt, nee non do- 

mus in qua ofFerrebantur iftae oblationes defcriptionem abfolviflet, his tradatum Kinnim [de Ni- 

dis] fubjunxit, cujus univerfa intentio non eft alia quam ut ritus de mixtionibus avium, cum mif- 

ceantur oblationes avium aliae cum aliis, tradat. Ultimo autem loco hunc pofuit, quoniam eft [de] 

re 
* Deut. xii. 14. * lb. 17. ' 1 Chron. xxviiL 19. 



S»3tt^n ♦'?)? »'♦ nro 3n33 ^3n Sxp 
D'xn3^x pxnp.'S 03nSx on xoSd 
n'3'7x riivi -pi^i Svnx xo S31 
r3;?x I'3N7p':'x -pn .ts 3ipn tiSx 

PJ'^X n'70J XOI D'ip , n3D03 -|Sl 

♦3 03n7x -i^j xnsDoSx -jSjn '3 
nii3np npxSnix xnx yoha DxSnix 
"lox n:i3S mjiNi r;^33 xni!;y3 f)ij;n 



P R 



T A M S I S. 



33 






-I'D' NiTN i^-i npD 
□nj) NHDi n^inD '3 p' nod ntj 
h^p7ii n,2Dp riNnn^NQ D'synp mo 
NnDD2 riTi'j; , nnx oi^np -no *3 

DjnJD xS ^rha K'jyNSNi Dirun 
npan'^N ini mSnN cd'Sd n;;n |0i 



re nori prorfus neceflkria, quia vel commlfceri pof- 
funt, ve] non comniifceri. Deinde quod jura res 
iftas fpefbantia pauca admodum fint, uti loco fuo 
declarabitur. Atque hoc claufit ordinem Koda- 
Jhim. Continent aiitem partitio fermonis ipfius de 
ordine Koda/lmn undecim tradlatus. 

Pergens deinde fermonem de PurificationibuS 
partirij orfus eft, a Celim [trad:.] de Vafis, cujus 
fcopus eft fundamenta immunditiarum complefti, 
eaque quas polluuntur & quas non polluuntur de- 
fcribere, ut quando poftea didlurus fit de eo quod 
polluit, dignofcamus quae res pollutionis capaces 
fint, quas non. Poft Celim pofuit Oholoth [trada- 
tum de Tabernaculis,] qui [verfatur] circa jura 
,^ _-,w^i_.. ,_, _lt,y'»4-,!X/«^^^Ai,Jt pollutionis a [contaftu] mortui -, quern ideo [cas- 
? npanbN 'm n'PJ N™1 niNOO'^N terisjpr^mifit, quod fit immunditiarum gmviffima. 
SnN3 DJP ;?-nVO^N JN'7 nyT;; nNOlO Ei fibjunxit [trad.] Negaim [de plagis,] qui eft 

no'^N ripNji p ih\> mv ri'tjfl -- ■-■ ■ ■•• - • - ■• - & '^ ^ ■ 

»D IDN annya' noi no riNoiD 
noniN* ma 'j;7n nhjo nnoSN 
NoSa nna roDon d'^jj j;anNa 
mnion mNOD 'a npan^x on 
ni'?p mNoo 'a niiN nhio nnDSNi 
vr2V Di;'n nu n-tb d'S 'hSn 
^n.^opi nnno nDDo;: nna ynr>Na 
npan^N jnS rrp: psyS nnnD 
ri^^yo (N Dhi nv'^o'oSN 'a Nn^a 
]HQ S);'?T ri^NnpSS );n"t mNOD^N 
■no nn'^oJD mobN 
iprijo. nnno nio 



difquifitio juridica de immunditia leprae ; quoniam 
leprofus Tabernaculum polluit, eftque in ea fimi- 
litudoaliquMitilli de immunditia a [contad:u] mor- 
tui, ficut loco fi.10 declarabitur. Deinde abfoluto 
de immunditie a [contadu] mortui, & quae ejus 
funt generis [fermone,] agere coepit de purgatio- 
ne ab iis, quas fit [ope] vaccse rufae, ideoque 
[trad.] Negaim, tradatiim Parah [de vacca] fiib- 
junxit : deinde abfoluta difquifitione de pollutio- 
nibus gravioribus, & quas ab ipfis eft, purgatione, 
progreflus ad poUutiones leviores, quibus non eft 
ultra occafiim folis [duratio,] tradatui Parah, fiab- 
junxit tradatum Taharoth, quem appellavit 'Ta- 



nn'oon 

NnSDOl 



IN 'p 

rrnnD 



baroth, nomine a purificatione [fiimpto,] quod in 

__ _eode immunditiis difquiratur, & quoniam im- 

v'pQJoSn njy npmO '^'^Ni^ S^'vh munditiarum cognitio ad munditiem indtat Vi- 

in^^^NI m-non mNOOa. nn NO'^a f^adatus T:abaroth [audiat,] vitio [authori] ver- 

tendum. At non eft hoc apud Logicos culpabile, 

quod fpecies nomine generis appelletur. Deinde 

poft abfolutum de immunditiis gravioribus, & pur- 

. . ,^_ gatione ab ipfis [fermonem,] & de pollutionibus 

miDD VDnNa iNDJNbX riiS rtoNi; nU infiaper levioribus, addidit purgationis ab ipfis ra 



mbp niNDD 'a D^Dni , nhjo 
NnjD 'srr^h^^ fiava Ni'N Nn^^ariN 
m: -iDNi niipoD ryr\rr^ pan^a 
fiDNjj nh^nS j-iinodSn .nin n;?a 



tionem, &[trad.]7fl/?'aro/-?) fiibjunxit[trad:.] Mik- 
vaoth, [de conceptaculis aquarum.] Niddah au- 
tem [de muliere menftruata] pollutionibus iftis 
poftpofiiit, quod non fit pollutio toti generi hu- 
mane communis : Mikvaoth ergo tradatum Nid- 
dah fiibjunxit : huic decebat fiibjungere Zabim 
[de fluxum feminis patientibus,] praemifit tamen 
tradatum Macjhirim, [de difponentibusadimmun- 
ditiam,] eo quod praemiferit ipfijm fcriptura, quo- 
niam fundamentum [trad.] Macjhirim eft in [ilia 
fed.] " Eritque die o£favo, &c. at [trad:.] de 
fluxum feminis patientibus, [in ilia] ° H^ec erit 
lex leproft. Poft Zabim autem, "Tebul Tom [de eo 
qui lotus eft eopfe die] pofuit, ficut dixit Domi- 
nus, ° Hac eft lex fluxum patienlis, 6? ex quo 
profluet femen, iSc. atquas hae praedidae immundi- 
tia omnes ad totum corpus fpedant, fc. ut fi quis 
ad eas accedat, totus polluatur. Deinde pergens 
tradere quid ftatuendum fit de pollutione unius 
tantum membri, fubjunxit [tradatui] "tehul Tom, 
Tadaim [de manibus i] eique trad. Oketzin [de 



nnj ran' ^n d^^iSn indi mja 
D'ir '^j? anv^n mp pS aora 
NnSvN nn'c^aa \vh f j'^n nrj-rp noS 
ns^r 'a D'an 'j'ou?n ova »n'i 'a 

riNr rp^N ^Np nod qv Siao 
r-ijDtt' ii!:t2 Nvn "iii'Ni arn mm 
Nnba nOTpno'^N nNDNJ^N nim j;ni 
Nn NiN 'N nDJ':N • j^'ci p^n 
♦a -"iaNa n'^a DJniN ^nd^nSn nh^d 
tjpa THNi li;; riDNjj 'a npa^N 
err nj;ai Dn»a ov Siao ^ariNa 
hJnanDo Nn'pa NiUnS NnnjiNi a'vpy 
n7N '3 nh'? fa Si;n vh DN'pa 
riSoj nNnnJNa naNna ona Nnai 
rin'^T. Nn^riN mnno 'a ^ip^N noop 
ni{yo'7N mnaoo rbm niNaa Nnaoo 
rtNo DOD o'pna7N m;7i pnoi nnx 
KCDN nvrp' iNa 'n^ px^r nnSni ^^.^^^ ^^^^^^^^-, -,,„^,„i^, ,„,„ poffit. 

quoniam totus argumentando elicitur, cum nullum fit ei in textu fundamentum manifeftum. 
Atque hoc librum fuum conclufit, cum compledatur univerfa partitio fermonis de Purificationi- 
bus tradatus duodecim. Totius autem Mifna tradatus funt fexaginta & unus, capitula quin- 
genta viginti tria. Vifum eft autem ipfi eorum tantum authorum nomina recenfere, qui 
Vol. I. I ipft 

f Levit. ix. i. » Cap. xiv. 2. f Levit. xv. 3 a. 



34 PORTA MOSIS. 

ipfi [tempore] propinqulores fuere Simone Jufto : pj^oe; p ^♦S^f lOlpX^K ^b)) t"1X"l'?i< 
Ufulque eft in ipfa (Mijhna fc.) fcrmoiiis genere »p .jj;^ j(n»3 HON^S S;;jl p^TfH 
curto, auod multos in fe fcnfus comprehendat ; ,{^ K'^OnU^O Nrjl NOK'?^ niB^oSx 
fibi quidem, pro acumine mnato, atque ingenii j-^^^ .,3 -^C^ ^^^ 

bomtate, perfpicuo ; at illis qui ipfo mfenores, ,^f .iJv. -U.—. L-.u 1^ l.^u 
obfcuro Itafiquidemdofti, quiantiquitusflol P\ ^^^ [J^^S miJl HyDO N^V 
ruerunt, fibi ipfis [libros] componebant : ideoque ^^t:'?y7» jK"? pl)^ Wy -j^iD njH 
vifum eft cuidam e difcipulis ipfius, fc. i2. ChaU, DIDSJN'? pa*7V UND N03K p0^p^^^^e 
librum componere, in quo veftigiis prseceptoris fui K^H 1 im iTTON 7/1 inx 'N"* , *]ypD 
infiftens, quae in verbis ipfius difficilia eflent expli- *lrtK rT3 'SJIlp' l»«S3KrO fl*?!' |^{ 
caret : eftque is [liber] Tqfiphta, in quo propofitum CDnSd \f2 7D2^J< NO H't] T*D' rnXJlDN 
ipfi fuit M>«a»» explicare, atque [ipfi] quaeftiones j^ppfl V"»J;< NnSDinSN IHI nj<nDN'7K 
addere quae e Mijhna nonnifi adhibito labore erui ^■^ >,>yy L.,^qm ^^^i^Mtxt n^>^<nSv 70n 
poflint } quas tamen eruit, ut ita nobis indicaret L^^ ^y^ ._{_ -»5««q4i^ »« i-,-l->j- 

quomodoconclufioneseAM»«fleliciamus. Eodem J,^-,-, «.J -..Ll... .« L-i »-..». 

modo fecit R. UJhaiab. Rob etiam compofuit ^^^\ ^^ Q"^^' \ Kn:n3nDN0 
J!arj//i>^, fcil. libros 5//rfi & 5//-r<r; nee non & **^** 7j;3 "plDl njtyo'^N |D JnJJl 
multi alii, ficut dicunt, Venit R. N. Venit, attu- 'ni KfinD tp-^ KiTK D^ Ntre^^^ '"» 
litqae fecutn Mijhvam. Interim tamen non afle- jl'^'lp' NOD NOm'J jnTlDI n-J'DI N~IDD 
quuntur Baraithoth [feu fententia; exotica:] iftas NJTJriD Tl^NI KDN 'JiSi) '1 NJIN '3 
quotquot funt Mijhna^ vel ftyli fuavitatem, vel nirin^SN T^T\ JTl Cj? pS mO 
gravitatem fenfuum, vel fermonis brevitatem ; xSl nJtt'oW DnSs n31'Ti;2 t<nS3 
ideoque habetur ipfa (Mijhna) pro fundamento, ^t^jj ^^^\^ ^^^^^ Nn'iNVO TNpnK3 
ilta autem Icnpta omnia pro appendicibus : mag- ,„».;» -,,...^L.. .,..v» u.. L:. .J. ' ^L • 
mque fit ipfa apudomnes,&ubi cum iftiscollata fl?^^ HJJO'^N »ij;N S^nSn ^•^ thp 
fuerit. ^Vidermt earn filia,i3 beatam earn fra- '^^ *^'"^ n];3Nn C^^'^Nin^K -|^n 
dicarunt regin^, ^ concubine lauddrunt earn. ^5^naNyN:31 mno:7N njy nObyobN 
Quicunque ergo poft ipfum furrexerunt & poft nilC^N'l ni^ msn v^SNinSK "jVp'? 
iftum coetum illuftrem, hoc fibi propofitum ha- DNp |0 ^35 mSSn*") □♦lyjVfl'l ri1D70 
buerunt ut verba Mi/hna intelligerent, neque rhhhn Ushrhn "pn "U;^ n'Tj;3 
ceflarunt fibi invicem fuccedentes generationes nJiyoSx DN7D QnU nn^KJ INS NOJK 
de ea difqmrere, atque ipfam interpretari -, qui- ^^f^ ^^q^, 1,,jC,j< y^ L,jU,jj L,p i^^ 
Jibet Icil. doctus iecundum Icientise atque m- -,^.L,» i^^ »£,.. ^-.Cv... w.^ .<_... ^ 
telledus fui menfuram : quin & decurllntibus "f^L I'Z 1,L.°^*? .^^^ ^^'^°^ ^ 
annis in difcrepantes abiere fententias in quibuf- ^^^^^ ^^^ I'DNUn 'fl fl'7nDJ0 nOHfll 
dam ejus placitis explicandis. Nullus interim ^^'^ P ^^"^ T^D^N miO ♦'?J^ NHiO 
erat coetus qui non de ea difquireret, atque ex J'KnJ NHiO iSMTW NH^JD npUnni n'^N 
ea conclufiones eliceret, fenfufque ejus abditos ri- |N '7N nJOpflDN J*<injO HpriDni 
maretur, ufque tempus Rabins & Rab. Afe^ qui »e^N iTl NiOT 'Sn jNOr^N 'nrUN 
fapientum Talmudicorum ultimi fuerunt ; quorum 3^ TiaJND *110'?Jl '0311 "ISN NOHI 
iJtf^ y^ fe ad fcribendum accinxit, cum vifum DxS33 iyQ> TK3 'Nil ^hurhb ♦E'N 
ipfi effet idem facere in verbis eorum qui pofteri- ^j^^ jy^^p,-, ^j,^^ ^^^^ ",3^^^ . t, 
ores erant Rabbenu SanSio, quod iple in eorum ^av,-, »». LL --,mU-,s .;«—,-, .«.«« U..^ 
qui poft Mofen fuerant verbis fecerat. Omnia ?J^^J° ^? 0X^33 ITITpn ^l^T\ h^^D 
JrgoVorum, qui aUquid [hoc in genere] protule- T^'W ^'^^^* ^'^^ I^OJS H^O -i;;3 
rant, didta, de lege difquirentium fententias, [ean- jpDa07K n'DDfVI t'npfln07N Hpflm 
demque] explicantium interpretationes coUegit, & 737K3 DKHNI Nnj^Oill nK'N'n7K RTOl 
traditionum veritatem probavit, eifdem in unum IDKD32K |0 Tthii n3ni N03 KoSj; 
redaftis. Omni'aque haec fcientia, pro ea quam *n07n'7N fjSlS DTJ^Sn "INli'N'l DSjSn 
ipfi conceflerat Deus animi capacitate, & amore KITinN NTN n)73"lN n'5 HiTlJ Svjl 
fcientiae, comprehendit. Compofuit ergo Talmud, dxS3^N '3 Tpl NO '731 nj£»07N TDDn 




eas aamittentium expiicanones [anerret,j nec non .1 ,>_ , C — ■ "T 

uniufcujufque interpretis contra alium[quempiam] 'j^jn7Nl n!rUN pJ 7'IN Nim pn7N 

argumenta, & quodnam eorum a vero [ftaret] i'S7n307N "THN 3rTiO '71; D3n7N )!\pp 

manifeftum faceret. Hie primus ejus fcopus fuit. nj{y07N \^ '3 N0naj<7n3K i^pN"17N 

Secundo, ut juxta alterius e duobus diflidentibus, NHJO J^DDDpSn. '3 IN NITTDan '3 IN 

Inter quos incidit, vel de textu Mijhna, vel ejus j^n^nSN th^th^') i<r\hi; D^oSnI 

interpretatione, aut ils quas ex ea eliciuntur, illi- njtl'oSN |0 "IVj; ^3 N0*7J^ JTlJ hSn 

que iiinituntur, difcrepanria, fententiam ftatueret. .j;^^ ^^t^^^^^^^l^^^ hySihi^ -INnbM 

Tertio, ut conclufiones ab uniulcuiulque laEcuh «v,,fKSv» v4-„t,v» «,<««««» ..>— . C..^^ 
doftis \ Mijhna elicitas [adduceret] Vundamenta- f "^^ ?r^^ -,m.,CS^ ,f? C^^^S^ 

que declararet, & argumenta quibus ufi funt in 1'^ ^t^^ '^ H^C^O^N '3 \>d72nd7^ 

probando, quibufque nixi funt Dodores qui de ^Wn7N1 n'nn7N1 yVHN NO anON73 

Mijhna difTertarunt, donee in eum, quo jam funt, n'7N tTHpn i:»3T n^D ]0 HTyS ♦r>7N 

ordinem redadi fuerint fermones ipforum, nee p'^3 73 'J^^OS np\V7 TW^I ;^3Nn7N1 
non decreta & ordinationes quae a tempore Rabbenu SanSli ufque ipfius astatem conftituta funt. 

Quarto, 
2 " » Caat. vi. g. 



P R r A M S I ^, 



35 



Quarto, ut explicationes myfticas, quas cujufvis 
capituli, in quo faftum eft ut incideret iftiufmodi 



^,-,^ -^I ,^ ,.x» jj. n5v sjC 4inSrtS» ^''Pli'^^"°' '^"'"^ convenmnt, afferret -, atque hic 
^'-'p nJX p» IK 'J3: N7 -n07n7K quartus ejus fcopus fuit [ut afferret, bquam] ex- 
n:N ^D nTND'^N "^'^p in XXnr>^ plkationes [myfticas] quas non exiftimare dcbe- 
\U Tt:^ 70nty' KO? fitS'pr ftNJ mus, vel inferiori gradu collocandas, vel parum 
nD'JrVN nm^l .iDnj^N (^fPK7^< utiles effe, fed efleeas [in] magnoprEeftantl^ gradu 
^OpJ rrtil XnN miy")"!?^ '~f)T\ \lh ob rara quae comprehendunt asnigmata, mirafque 
VnoSx TdSn pO t^nja Ona NitONO elegantlas ; in iftis enim explicationibus, cum pe- 

nitius ea introfpexeris,percipientur [multa] fimpli- 
citer, adeo ut nihil addi poffit, bona, & mani- 
feftum fiet fenfuum diviciorum. ac veritatum qulc- 
quid prascharum fibi habet dodorum cohors, nee 
non quicquid ftatuerunt [omnium] fseculorum 
Philofophi. Ciim vero ipfas juxta illud quod pras 
fe ferunt contemplatus fueris, invenies quod ab 
intelleftu, ut nihil magis, alienum fit : hoc autem 
tipI^kX Ki;'K"1 \&>V'PS:h^ INrhN n»p'7n ob rationes miras fecerunt, quarum una eft ut in> 
N*7DN Dn^lSp n»in Kb ^hSSk nSnjSS g^"i^ difcentium acuerent -, deinde ut ftultis, quo- 
J^irij^xS p^Kpn^K an''?); nipyK tSl rumcordanunquamiUuminantur, quiqueaverita- 
'3 I'nSbN CDnV'i^at: :KVpJ 3Dn:j KTOV te fibi propoiitaobindolisfuas defectum divertunt, 
*.x«U fc.v. .-.U ..L.^ Lv» ♦i^s'^* _,-,i_itl tenebras oftunderent -, de quorum fimilibus dicunt, 
2pn m \Tb t>^ ,'K p'^Y □n'7ng ^,„ ,,^,^^„, UUs fecretum, quoniam non funt in^ 
-7apn Tin nn^lpV -7a3n D7 ,K7 telledtus eorum in eo perfedionis gradu ut verita- 
CD'0Drt7K |K1 n'^^j; ^n no *7jr p'Npn>N tem prout fe habet recipiant ; rurfum quoniam 
DnifJ?D pJit' NIJ^D bN7D7N On'^j; fapientum, q. p. alii ab aliis fcientis myfteria co- 

hibebant. Ferunt enim dodtum quendam, ciim 
conveniflet aliquos qui bene callerent '' Maafeh Be- 
rejhithy atque ipfe calleret ' Maafeh Mercabahy 
dixiffe ipfis, Docete me Maafeh Berefhith^ atque 
ego vos docebo Maafeh Mercahah ; annuunt illi, 
at cum illi i^piurci Maafeh Berefhith docuiflent, re- 
nuit ipfe eos Maafeh Mercaba docere, neque illud 
facere voluit ; quod abfit ut faftum putemus quod 



Mnip t]urD:N1 phy JSTTD k"? xo 
'Jnj;,!:Sn .p'J^pm, h'nxSN'^N ♦jnj^o^k |o 
V'^i^. □S];Sn. SnK nn |if» kd ;;v!:j 
mmSx jiDDN^DSK rn'S n;;i2p ko 
}D. n'3 n'Ni nnnKto '*7j; nmcbj khni 
n'Sj? Kino kS no SppSV np"iNao"7N 



^i^^n ipbi □Sy'^N "inidn:} vi^^^j; 
;;o j;onJN D'ODn^N p Sin |n 



DNIpN 



Twyf2 chi; |Dn' in jndi jTirN-ia 
mrro 'iioS); onS .^Npa n^Dio 
naDio nc^o Q^di^^j rrtyN-in 
n'5yNnD nty>»o mo^jr n.oSa niDNjNa 




'Ti; .rftpnio pn'^dnSn nnn m 

(NTDN^N 'Si? tl'DS DNJ7N N3DD ^rtN 

♦in nsN "iS"! Sya kojni inddSn 
Dbi Dm:); no S"i3pS NSnN noo: 
•-nnDKi mj;; no SiDpS N^nN DiTi' 
sSm.iran noSu; Sipn nJ7N Nnn h:; 
dnSd^n on'S;? ■]Vi Nnoai ywh mn 

|N DnSdSn N-jn 'JJ^O jN N17Np1 

NnD "iSnon ^rha nl'nSSN "iiqnSn 



verum ideo hoc fecit, quod fe idoneum exiftimaret 
qui illud quod illi callerent acciperet, at non ex- 
iftimaret eos idoneos effe ei quod penes ipfum eflet 
accipiendo ; atque hoc probavit [allegato] Salomo- 
nis dido, ' Mel &? Lac fub lingua tua -, quod ita 
interpretati funt Doftores (p. m.) ut fenfus verbo- 
rum fit, res jucundas e quibus dulcedinem perci- 
pit animus, inftar ejus quam percipit fenfus guftus 
a melle & lafte, enarrari non debere, neque e lin- 
gua ullo modo proferri •, hoc eft quod dicit, Sub 



jnpn N*?i ^Npn nV ^n iNnn* pSSni 
H'Sj; nSip "ini njp IND77^? p 
♦jnj^oSn nnn. jnS i^ys'd^ nnn qnSdSn 
'fl cnnn nVi obyn Nop 'n d'7 

♦3 NnD "INiy N0JN1 dS;;7N D7NJ0 

^11^3 NlNS ri^pii fiNiNiyN :inD7N 
n;ra nt |o 37p ,tJ? lain'^N nS^N 

^tnjo onD diSj^Sn '3 niTN'nnN 

♦I 



Sd;;SnD. PITiSn hOJ^n nNnnSNS D^jSn ^^«^«^ ^"'^^ Neque enim ejufmodi funt res iftas quae 

doceantur, atque in Scholis explicentur -, verum 
quae in libris indiciis tantum obfcuris, fubinnuan- 
tur ; cumque ab alicujus corde velum amoverit 
Deus, prout ipfi vifum fuerit, ille, poft operam 
fcientiis navatam, eorum aliqua fecundum intel- 
ledus fui menfuram percipiet ; neque aliud cuipiam 
cum fcientia & diligentia fua fupereft quam ut fe 
ad Deum recipiat, ilium orans illique fupplicans 
_ ut ipfi intelligentiam tribuens, ipfumque dirigens, 

)/0 TNDJxSS Nr^l' n^nn Tip 'W revelet ei, quas in textibus Scripturarum recondita 
;?NtDpJNb nSn -TNnnJNn ^Sd^NI d'tV^N ^""^ myfteria, quemadmodum invenimus D^w- 

non3' IN ]nin>N^ h'Sn '^Sni rlh ^''^' 7 r""- ^^^'^^]r^\ f'^'l * ^''' "tZ 

i^„,^J-L J.,-.-.v.Cv» -C M.«^« ^^..«« meos^ut afptciammtrabilia de lege tua. Cum autem 

nnJSO'^N nN-lDN^N rb tltpn nntri'l dete^erit Dominus alicui ex ipfa quod [vifum eft 

n'7;; -rn Ninil nod DHD^N pp '3 nii] detegere, [opus eft ut] illud, uti diximus, re- 

^J n7'lp in yf\, '-7j;3 QN7D7N condat -, qu6d fi de eo quid indiciis [fubobfcuris] 

l<iN3 ']n7in0 niN*7S: ntD'DNl '^'y patefecerit, [illi foliim patefaciet] cujus intelledus 

MOD J<niO |ND2nSn 'Sr n'^SN nna perfedus eft, cujufque prasftantia nota, quemad- 

nnvi rh^y Sod pVD 'lyD ^jnio "inu^'N jni ^i37p j^od >s*nnD nr\p 
nniDD 

' Rerum naturalium fcientiam. ' Rerum fublimiorum fcientiara. 'Cant. iv. n. ' Pfalm ciix. i8. 



36 



PORTA M O S I S. 



modum explicarunt, multifque in talmude exem- nVttT^ '3 NinVlNI tOyi KQ3 .1^133 
plis notum fecerunt. Non oportet igitur virum 3j» ^'^ "iVtSo "noSnSK '3 nl'J^3 
do<5tumpalamfacere ea quae tenet myfteria, nifi ei q^« x03 n'3' IN dSw^K '^J^S^ 
quiipfumgraduvelfuperetvelaequet: quoniam ^^^ ,1,^^ ^-, .^L, ^^ -ijinDxSx JO 
n ea ftulto expofuent, n non ipfum ideo vitupe- .L„. ^^L. ;>-,..«.. .v» — .^vtu — uj.^ 
rabit, faltem non quid laude dignum fecifle ex- 
iftimabit : ideoque dixit Sapiens, " In aurilnis 
Jlulti ni loquaris, quoniam contemnet intelleSum elo- 
quiorum tuorum. Deinde, quoniam non poteft 
doceri vulgus nifi per snigmata & parabolas, ut 
ita communis fit [ifta docendi ratio] mulieribus 
etiam puerifque & parvulis, quo cum perfecfti 






evaferint intelle(5his ipforum, parabolarum iftarum »jfmq noW '^IPI^Sn t^^^^ {>iiv 



fenfias dignofcant. Atque hoc innuit Salome, ubi 
dicit, " Ad intelligere faciendum parabolam ^ fa- 
cundiam, verba Sapientum (£ anigmata eortim : 
atque has ob caufas aenigmatice locuti fiint Sapi- 
entes, quibus pax, de rebus Theologicis -, ideo- 
que decet quempiam, ubi occurrerit ipfi in verbis 
illorum quicquam quod ipfius opinione abhorreat 
intelledus, non verbis iftis, fed intelleftui fiao de- 
fedtum imputare, & ubicunque aliquam e parabo 



'ivoba t<inVi 



S'i^p pn*? rt>'\'p 



- _ , _ ,, '3 n^Ssy "iKti'{< 

nin73 oniTHi a'asn .nan nv'S,!:i 
DnoNba aNSD'7K nn'Sp S;;j 3nddnSj< 
♦Ji3j» -|7"iS*i n^-itD nN"nN'?N'?« '3 

3Di' kS3 ns;^r3 'Spi^^K npnK3' ion* 
3DJ' ^JOi^?l □n'?d*7N ^SiS j*pj^N 



Us ipforum, cujusfenfus literalis abinteiledu ip- j^L,^^ ,j^-, .q f,,^^ ^^p^u, „' l,j^ 

nppj; 7ir mnND n;^3 Dnbxn^K jd 
nSpr h}: i^nj" 3N3' |n nS 3j' Nni 

|N7 n;?3S« ri'xn: '3 p'j^pn^K mi]7 
riJtUKVN h'i:N3n3 Si'N3nn Sipj^Sx 

n':>i3 niK pa? jKro |o S.xnnrN^'? 



tior eft & praeftantior intelledtu alterius, neque "^nj? JQ 'SIKl ^ODN V"^ '^W 113* 

rf-1n1-*tii»vi *>/+• /imrt Qltf**** /*» r»or\*ao4- <»<ne /ini f«»rvi oil- ^.- ' < _ . i ' T .' ' 



fius valde alienus fit, viderit, ob intelleftum fuum, 
qui fcopum non attingit, adeo ut res veras ipfi 
longiflime [a vero] remotas videantur, plurimum 
angi, fiquidem intelledus alii aliis juxta prasftan- 
tiam mutuam temperamentorum prasftant, & 
quemadmodum unius temperamentum melius eft 
& proprius ad aequalitatem quam alterius tempe- 
ramentum accedit, ita & unius intelleftus perfec 




potentia mtellectus: unde ht ut res quaedam, quae 
apud nonnullos valde certas & perfpicuae funt, 
aliis impoflibiles videantur juxta gradus [ipforum] 
in fcientia rationem. Cujus rei exemplum tibi 
perfpicuum proponam, hoc fcil. ut fingamus di- 
cere nos viro artis Medicas, Arithmeticae, & 
Muficae perito, necnon rerum naturalium fcientiam 
callenti, ingenii infuper perfpicacis, & bonae indo- 
lis, at Geometria?, & Aftronomias prorfus rudi, 
Quid dicis (heus N.) de viro, qui aflerat corpus, 
folis iftud, quod nobis circulus parvus videtur, 
eflfe corpus Iphaericum cujus fphasra magnitudine 
fit inftar Sphaerae terras centies fexagies fexies 



Dii -j'7iV3 r\yib\^'2 Spy nrxSNi 

;^N:noN'7N nn '3 nix .nj);i jN^iSxi 
nj:ni d^yha '3 r^TTbii nnp h^ 

Sn« p Hirb xibp j<jk n33 jn 

pn \7rhii 'dI nN'j/oaSu '3 nnND 
□7^1 nD-i:n':)N □>;? jjr np rnD3'7}< 
7ri »3 Kin Nv Sinn Ka oijjSn 
npi'ij 'ibN Nin D.t3tt'7K Q7j TK yv 



[fumptae] cum tribus odavis, atque efle globum yT\ Qq^ HO Q7j in nl'JV HTNT 

terrae quo [earn] metimur fphasram cujus circum- rtNO V^N^K n^D CCy '^flD lilD'^X 

ferentia fit 24000 milliarium j ut hoc modo per- j\y2 \iir2t\ii rtht\\ riltS fnOI riDI 

cipiatur quot contineantur in menfura magnitudi- »,-| j<j-np j^,-|3 'hSk VI^^Sn niD tN'1 

nisfphasraefolansmllliaria? Proculdubioille quern fL^ V'-^m^ rV^TMi Nn3 UTV ^13 

diximus ingenii perfpicacis vir, quique eas quas ,d^ ^vi t^ njS-i »S» *^-j»rt Stn 

diximus fcientias callet, nullo modo in animum in- ' 1^ •'" '^" '^^ 
ducet ut veram efle dicat iftam fententiam ; quin 
futurum eft hoc totum apud ipfum res quae nullo 
modo percipi pofllt ; ac primo quidem intuitu 
hoc fe illi fuggeret argumentum, rationi confenta- 
neum, falfam efle hanc fententiam, Quomodo 

fieri poteft, ut quis terra, fpithamas unius magni- nJnSKI "|"nD TJ 70}* mij; \)y 

tudine, infiftens, quantitatem globi ejus, circum- »x7Sk nK3 '3 pljj; ns\7ir\ T&p]hii 

ferentiam, & fuperficiei menfuram dignofcat, nifi >^^^^^^ >.y (,,3 St:N3 ^I^^N N7n r« 

jpfaeodemmodocircumdata, quo particulam ejus ' ' ) L -T -,-,«. ^» 

aliquam quam metiri vult compeftitur ? Quomo- .^Vf JjJJ, J^.^^.^ i'^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^. 

♦3 poe^^K onj mo p3» t)Oi v'^x'^K ;?p7 |o n;?pn nn»sD03 nnoNnxo Nn3 i:»n> 
kodSk ' '• 

• Prov, xxiii. 9. * Proy. i, 6. , :; 



rro cbj; nnNDO , '3 nS'o 03 riDniro 

'377N -jS |K n?NnO K7D3 DO"^>K 

Ko oi'?;;':?^ |o pn* ^ba. imSx 
njp ;^ino nos: '3. nj» nV wnsi 
n^p Nin jNi nyn'^K xin n^nvnS 



PORTA M S I 



% 



Z7 



trS '13 n;^iS« p njD ini NOD^N do, ergo quod ad corpus folare. In coells ab ipfo 

t«S np'pn^K '^j; DnJ7N* rfT\ r>^ Otbj; quam longlffime remotum, quodque revera intuert 

Dp5 T^V^V^ nJO "TTT ^OJKI nJDO' "°" P°teft, cum jubar tantum ipfius afpkiat, eo 

nnnKDO ppnn moty Varh Svn pervemre poffit, ut illud metiatur, juftamque ejus 

SxnO^N \h N-in rinO IN^ShN* riliSfin menfuram ufque ad tres odavas defmbat ? rfoc 

wn^K .Hin pD'a mi;; ni'Dbl O'tbp^vf PI? ^dmodum poffibh habebit, adeo ut falfam 

^JJ .^vJ^-Z J;J^ t,,, „^™ efle banc opinionem minime dubitet. Quod fi in 

jriD 'D VNnnK Jsnxa n?y V^n:p Y.hm Geometrids, & proportionum, qu^n fphs, 

"Tpm"!^ 'fl D?b» m oSri nD-linSN rkis aliifq; figuris reperiuntur, fcienA inftitutus, 

'-7p.nJ}< Dli DD^?Jn7^f iO Xrn'Jl jt'lD^K deinde ad librum de hac materia, rebufque ad ip- 

V"IJ':?5< Nin^ V'\)i'\d:>^ aNnS?*? *]7i npa fam fpeaantibus compofitum, Aftronomicum fcil. 

ffn^K 3NrO ♦:i;;N mm »m i^Ol iftum qui Almageflum vulgo audit, fe transferat, 

rriJj? rii'^a 'DDJo'?}* !lKn33 plbpoSx tunc tandem perfpicuaipfividebiturhaecfententia, 

nV rvm 'i;;*! m:;; 1?i;'l nSN^J? i<nn ^ opinionem verforem efle ftatuet, quam ut ia 

\^-^m:h^ r^hi^ DND np n^a -it:; dubmm vocan debeat : cum demonftratione pro- 

L„,„L,^ -^v„ .^ „^ -Lft -,L»„ „-,, Jl. betur, ac pennde fe habere putabit fi dubitetur, 

?';fZ RS^ '^ ^f" J^Si,^^^lE ^ Utrum magnitudo Solis hujus quantitatis fit, an 

Dp'?}* ,K IX -IK-tpa^K Mnn ;n Utmm Sol exiftat, ac mutabitu?ipfi fententia, it^ 

n7K ♦^?7^« p'pnn? n^p^r •^pnin rtllJia ut jam venffimam affirmet efle rem quam a vero 

^fp'p^n "X'^OKD S>JTj;n n"T;?3nDN longiflimeabefl'eputaverat:hoc[itafehabet]cum 

n??? fJI'^'7K pai D7I Nnn n'^OND tamennonfupponamusiIlum,cuihancquasftionem 

NO'^N)? X'^kSkIdSk Nin n»S;r NJin;^X propofuimus, alium efle, quam aliarum fcientiarum 

J?N3*0^N 'DT |rTi'7X pni *^ilK ra*^ '3 pentum, & ingenio prasftanti, bonaque indole 

p rb^UfZ nXiS^D 'dSk h'^KDoSm Pfdjtum ; fitque quaeftio, quam propofuimus, e 

tM^trha to 'n ^nSx nN'XNn^K S\SPD ™ematicis quas funt gradusper quos ad Theo- 

---.^ -,v;,-,vXv,C,u ,^»-,^ „L., ,^L^. logica alcenditur ; quanto magis ita fe habebit. qui 

5S n 7^ Tsl ^I?i ,IJr^ omnisfcienti^penitusrudis,nequeullidifcipiina. 

D'TT ^47 p -JUn |1Dn ?K nnN^}<3 mm Mathematicarum generi affuetus fberit, fed 

plJl jO njp VNniN N71 ?<72;N rp folummodo a materno ad uxoris fus ingenium 

'r'p;; (0 ^7KpnJ^< JND 73 riifNn7X tranfitum fecit, fi proponatur ipfi quffifl:io aliqua 

ni;7j;« t<nK. nnilt 7pV "hi^ n^X e Theologicis qu^ in explicationibus myflicis 

nj<'nN7J<7{< VkDD JQ rr^DO n'*:^ reconditae font ? Haud dubie apud ipfum [tantum 

^ ah tXW'rhii '3 ntpSD 'M ♦nS}{ a vero] quantum a terra coelumdiftabit; nee prse 

V"!«':'Np KOoSji n);3 iT^j; "r^^^n HJN ^ebetudineingeniiullamomnino ejus partem intel- 

fhoha^ XnJO ^ty Ona ir mrn layi ^S^*- Oportetigiturutbonasdeiisopinionescon- 

~ H' , , cipiamus, & attente ipfas perpendamus, haud te- 

mere quicquam ex illis rejicientes, verum quando- 
cunque incredibile videbitur ex illis aliquid, fcien- 
tiis operam navemus, quo quid fibi difto iJIo vel- 
lent intelligamus, fi modo illi capiendo fint intel- 

_ _ . _ ,- . _ _...,„ leftus noftri, ciim [Doftores rtoftri] q. p. qua fu- 

□nSdSk Dn'7)^ Dn3K7 "ihi DHSD emnt, in indagaiido vero diligentia, qua bonitate 

'fl VTba \D ryhi; ^^1iND HfJ »Sj; ingenii, quo fl:udio, quo cum viris magnis com- 

fm'^'KDOl VJ**rVT«'7N"l noa'^N rnijl dSdSn mercio, mundique & rerum ad eum fpeftantium 

5<03 m'-ha nSJl nXasSj* TN^DnSk %a,mhilommustamenfemetdefeausarguen.nt 

-,-,-,s>«U M-,^i,« ♦s«,^,M wvsJ^ «-..M eorumquiipfosantecefl^rant,refpe(ftu:quofped:at 

□n7ip ini LDnulpn jo7 nuN»K7J<j ticus^ at pojleriorum ne quidem quantum foramen 

im DblX IV innS3 OJl^Nn bV p*? acusfartorU. Quid igitur de nobis dicendum, 

pJ f|'D3 1i*K n'pID DnOD 17*3N D'J^inK cum praeterquam quod a nobis defecerit fcientia 

ii}D n!:3n7N1 dS;^'?^ j^KtOpJK J?0 hSk &fapientia(ficutcomminatuseftDominus,''Pro/>- 

KvSnS H'DV 'iin p^ vN^^n KiiyKin N03 ^^''^'^ ^^^^ ^,?'' addam ut faciam in fopulo ijlo mira- 

noan mnNI X'^ai kSsH nrn D;;n n}« ^'^'^' P^ribttque fapientla fapientum ejus, i^ in. 

}«iO nnXl 9d rnJN "inOnVJin: ni^m VDSn *^^h^^^^^ intelUgentium ejus abfcondet fefe) unicui- 

ninr^. njpi Sprs. .,. k'^n nr.^. ?;:^^i!rcE;rnt£^x!a:ii"a:! 

»^N DNC^:'7N1 DbySx 3^713 1;; '^DdSm |end^ f,;,„tia, & in acquirendis rebus mundanis 
qO ny^ 'Oasy ri;^3^K K':n^K n'^p folertia: quatuorjudiciamalaquomodononattri- 
naNiN'7N? N2Da:K7 i^pj'^K 3DiJ ih buemus nobifmet ipfis ad eos collatis defeftum ? 
Kina ON^DbN Dnp)^ □n07j;7"l DH'Sk Hoc cum fcirent Doftores nofl:ri p. m. quodque 
l^'? axa'? nnOK7D >*'0J |N1 PJ'^N verba ipforum tota efl'ent medulla, in qua nullae 
niTN^N jy NINnil n»^j; ^lyn rra hao fu^t faces, de hoc nos admonitos voluerunt, ve- 
il 'Can '*ia"I Sv J'vSon ba N"|'7}^P1 na ^^^^^'^ "^ q^Js ea contemptui haberet, dum dixe- 
' runt, ^icunque verbis Sapientum illudit, ftercori 



j<na nNpny}i7K pm jk ai' -jSnSa 
nK^anD^'? -^^*ai i**?"! sn'a t)J7K Tiji 
'2^ Ki'Sj; n;^a no Sa Sa khjo w 
Dnai jN ''^N C3'i7y'?N 'a r^nii nhjo 
5<3'7ipi; nai m ^ipSn nyi 'a onin:! 




7 Ifa. zxiz. 14. 



38 



P R t A M S I S. 



jpforum abhorrere, nifi qui cupiditati indulgeat, 
& fenfibus grata fccftetur, cujufgue cor clari- 
on aliquo iumine illuftratum non merit. [Dofto- 
rcs autem noftri] quod fcirent vera efle verba ip- 
forum, totam iis atatem infumferunt, jufTeruntque 



rirwa onoSj^V) ri^nNsSN -iNii^'^N p 



lis noiftishoras, & extremas diei partes impende- ,/ »,« v»si;v,^* «^ «..«. ••. .'■ u -■ 

re:atquehocfincmultimum,proutreveraeft;fta- ? !'« ^^^Np IH N031 H^K^X mSwi 

tuerunt. Ita dixerunt, A^c/i fji Deo Opt, Max. ^E^ niOK ;;riKD pn ^tjj^yii r\:i^Th 

in mundo fuo [qukquzm] pnrter qua/uor Sbel Ha- NiN "^JN DN737M hiin n3r\J7N1 ns^l 

/<7fd,6[i. e. conftitutionumTalmudicarum] f«^//w. |D H'NJ '3 nri'X"! mnksb »^j; nri"p3 

Cui dicfto animum adverte, quoniam fi ipfum noSn 7^^ mON j;j"lN |KD pnSh? W *7j;:}S{< 

proutadllteram fonat perpenderis, quam maximea f)"lNi'oSN1 OiS^'Sn Ti^DI rtNjSx M ap3 

vero alienum efle putabis, ac ft quatuor tantum rf^^ rTfTD lOI "1D;?'I Dtt^ "N!:? »31 riT\DO 
Conftitutionum cubiti unicus eflent finis, reliquae ; ; • ~ r 



autem artes & fcientix rcjiciendae, ac temporibus 
Semi & El>eri eorumque qui poft ipfos fuerunt, 
cum nondum eflet Conftitutio Talmudica, certifli- 
rnum fuerit nuUam omnino fortem Deo in mundo 
fuifle. Quod fi didum hoc penitius introfpexeris, 
videbis ipfum admirandam fapientiam continere, 
refque intelle<5tu pulcherrimas complefti reperies. 
Ego igitur ipfum tibi explicabo, ut reliquoruni, quae 
apud Doftores Talmudicos occurrunt, exemplar 
fit, tuque de ipfo prout decet judices. Scias ergo 
IVIajores nollros pro ea qua erant fcientia, & pra;- 
ftantia Ingenii, res mira diligentia fcrutatos pro 
comperto habuifle, unicuique rei quse exiftit ne- 
ceflario finem efle ad quern exiftentia ejus diriga- 
tur. Nihil enim fruftra exiftere : cumque certo 
conftaret ipfis haec conclufio generalis, coeperunt 
diftindim de quolibet exifliente inquirere, ut uniuf- 
cujufque fpeciei finem notum haberent. Viderunt 
autem uniufcujufque rei artificialis finem notiorem 
efl"e, quam ut eum altius rimari opus fit. Cum 
artifex ipfum non nifi poft conceptum prius animo 
ipfius finem fecerit: e. g. dico, Serram nequaquam 
fecifie fabrum, nifi poftquam fecum reputans quo- 
modo ligni hujus partes inter fe continuatas diri- 
meret, animo apud fe concepta ferrae forma, earn 
demum facere aggreflus fuerit ut eaferraret. Quare 
finis ferras eft ferrare, fimiliter finis fecuris findere, 
acus veftes confuere, eodemque modo in omnibus 
artis ope produftis. At eorum quas artificio di- 
vine, & fapientia naturali producuntur, veluti di- 
verfas fruftuum, herbarum, metallorum, lapidum 
& animalium fpecies, qua;dam funt quorum finis 
facili inquifitione reperitur, alia quas majori egent 
indagine, alia vero quorum finis obfcurus atque 
cccultus eft adeo ut penitus ignoretur, nifi per re- 
velationem aut divinationem innotuerit, cum per 
difquifitionem fcientialem non poflit. Neque e- 
nim in poteftate hominis eft indagare quam ob cau- 
fam produxerit natura formicarum alias alis in- 
ftrudas, alias abfque alis : quamobrem etiam ver- 
mium alios pluribus pedibus, alios paucioribus 
produxerit : quifve fit hujus vermis & hujus for- 
micas finis. At e rerum his majorum, & quarum 
operationes magis confpicuae funt, finis fcientia 
gloriam captant fcientias ftudiofi, & quo quis doc- 
tior eft majorique diligentia & ingenio acutiori, 
plurium rerum fines perfpicit. Quare quando de- 
derat Dominus Salomoni eam quam promifit fapi- 
entiam, novit ille de finibus harum fpecierum, 
quantum homini qua homo fcire datum eft, adeo 
ut de arborum, herbarumque & [diverfarum] ani- 

atyy^Ni nx'^^K nN'NJi >'?j; D^DfiD 



\y &> p y: ah n::hn on nn J=h 
mtbJ N"iN' \y? 'jy chap'ia '3 'nahm 

'Sy nnnN -rp mini njv ozirha \d 
"p nj'Dx k:ki nN'7ip);fv7K to Dnqjr 
Ti' ^<o yaob kSkdo -|Si \)y o 
\ii aSyx ♦jDi* NOD n73n;^K£) 7^7^^ 
JKD ar^^ N'2'j;; Khnn N^inna ponpNSx 
n-;;3 idsSn f^ji dir^a p arh 
p rh 12 ah iMdd 'c? h'D |n cum:}* 
♦ty IP N7 |N7 rniji ^ns an^n ri'W 
n'ifp'7N ."Tin on? nm arJ^Q af)-^^ iji 
Dxha ;r,^:jS h^)ii}rha '3 k'i'idn h-ddSk 
^NiJN^t^ p i;M Sd ri'W t<V2h};6 

\i6 linn ha '^Sn '3 i^nn* ah n::iVo 
Tp nn'NJi N*7N* nyjv K7 rh yin):^^ 



?« 



SiDK kSj 



K7nD riDQi '3 mivn 



S^iTiN pn3» tx niD*:» t]'3 .-id3k \a 
rhi:f nD3i '3 mvn3 I'pbK Kin 
rnn imh rht2^ '3 ;r-ityKT iNc^it:'?}* 
17no} .13 ntri' If* '^av'f2ha ri'Njs 
rn3X7Ni n2 S'3' |n* onxpSN* fi'ai 
;^'0j »Hi3n"i 2^n ha 3iri an^ aiih 
i<yiiy:i, ai^xi niji{< ^rha K'c^kV^ 
n'nN7t^SN njrKji^7K nmjiK ko nok 
lat^rha i;am hnD nT'3*tDb»y h^dh^n'^ 
^TKUNi inN;^o'7{< i^NiJNi 3tyj?SK ;?ki:nt 
KD Nni03 \avri7a ;?nijn*"i -iKjnK'7i« 
js50 Nn:Qi n»D» nn33 n^mo nn*Ki 
xo Knp inDN nn33 riTiJio nn'NJi 
NTVN oSyn n'? 'nn n33i nn'Nj npn 
5<ot< n3Nn33 IK 'm3 noSv |n kSn* 
'3 D'7 |N7 po' xS3 'oS;; nD33 
i33'3 nnn* \a |ndjn7K ni?K*i3nDj< 
nio '70J^^? n);^3iDSK miiN ♦•^ 'kS-*? 
mjiK 'ty \^7i rinjjN' pn njoi r\^m2 

^pK -IDNl SJInSn TriD Kin KV'J* 

fnnSK .Tin h'NJ s<oi ni:: Sjntc 
p Cjb;?K 'n '^^o^«. kon h^^^jSN* .-rim 
a7;r '3 |n3. x':'j;3 nnbKi nin 
NO t]'33 dSj;^^ ^nj? "yim-}:^' ann^ai 
a:rn 'dIni «nn tcnt nbrN |jo 
.n77J< 3m N07 ^ytSi nriDJ^ ri'NJ .D^;; 
D7y nn "u?") NO ri'JDn'JN |o .noSc?'? 
p*:» KO yNiiK'^N nin nn'ai p 
ahj;' ind:n* in n'n p |ndjn'?n 



PORTA M S I S, 



|ND3 □'Jin Sj;i tyo"in Syi f|iyn 7n 
ftHN^x rip .Ta IK »Sj; Ninxty ^^i 

iDpD jn*d:nSk aaon mJiK ndjk 



39 



malium fpecierum finibus locutus fit, dicente Scrip- 
tura, " Et locutus eft de arboribus a cedro qua in 
Lebanon tifque ad hyjfopum qua egreditur de pari- 
ete •, locutus eft infuper de animalibus ^ de volati- 
libus, ^ de reptilibus, £5? de pifcibus. Quod tef- 
timonium fuit divine in ipfo potentias : dicit ergo 
poftea, '■ Et veniebant ex omnibus populis ad au- 
diendam fapientiam Salomonis, &c. Verutn ut fum- 
matitn dicam, fciendum eft omnia quas fub fph^ra 
Lunas reperiuntur, hominis tantum gratia facfta 
fuifle, & e fpeciebus animalium quafdam in efcam 




"•^ ) ,^.^. .^ -'L^.t -^v.«w M-I-. J'S"^ equos ut ns Itinera longinqua tempore brevi 

Nmai TD' l^Car 'D nVlO nSNO^ Kna ^^^^^^^^ Alias autemeffeeomm fpecies qu^ 

Kp21 h;?aiO NH'^ t]n;;i K^ )?{={1JK cui rd utiles fint nefcimus, cum tamen iis infint, 

•]TID1 »Vnn C:?;?' N*7 |KDJN77 J^SKJO qu^ homini licet ipfe ea nefciat utilia fint. Fru- 

HNia^ Hilip'i njnjl'?- NHJO "IKOli'^K duum funt aliqui ipfi in efcam, alii ad morborum 

}ri3n"l 2::?;;7X "JTiDI nyXipK p fanationem, & fimiliter herbarum, eodemque mo- 

INVn^K p lin KoS^I I^NI^K^K ;;'0J do in casteris rerum fpeciebus. Quod fi quando 

"10J7D njl* nS"! nS ;?QJ k'? riKaj'^Nl inveneris animal aliquod, vel plantam aliquam, 

TD INVnSx P iriJ '73^ hlL-n '^Dl ^'""?^ ^' ^"""^f anguftjam fcienti^ noftras ; 

' ^ U,^>^ ■-,^^ 'v^♦ r^> ii-t^-t^^ ^♦h^^f cum fierinonpoffit,qumunicuique herbs acfruc- 

NO ni;a32 n'S pS' |><, y^^^^ J^S^X ^^j^ „,^ „„„ unicuique animalis fpeciei ab Ele- 






Vd '3 |x inn 'Si? "|S'7->"i ind^nSS 
nNvt:nSK p yNiJXi 3?yy inbn ^♦ja b'i 
Knn ;?3nJ'i ^3p |N3 pS n'nnb nd 
fir ni^wSDnoK 'fl D'Vi rn'n3 yawo 

V"lxSNt nK23 .j^'DJ i^5K:0D D'n» |K 

ripSii D^3 J7ipn l^y'^a, SN♦i^?>^* 

;;3^{:l.!: k.ts |N o*?);;! jK dj'A n;?3: 
D''73 Soin K^o *i:y n'^np |ni xniN*? 
|Ni p^Sk ntoD 'by nbon nik Snpn 

ad^Q "j^i pn ^io ^;.-|'nxi3 j;iii6ii '3 
3ji i^djk'?k -nji nhSd nnn ri'Kj ^4•nj") 
j^ai |nd2nSk nil pS t<;y'{< hnaj |k 
•jS-i '3 linnSK niSndk no^3 nn^KJ 

Nn*? ko:k nj^Sxi |^*v^Sf^ r^i^J* T'^-J 
nnnNt.n'KJi n^^ni ^ii pp3 nn^i 7^3 



phante ufque ad vermem, infit aliquid quod ho- 
minibus profit. Cujus rei hoc tibi indicium eft, 
quod fingulisfasculis notae fiant herbae& fruftuum 
fpecies, iis qui anteceflerunt ignots, e quibus mul- 
tas capiant utilitates, Neque fieri poteft ut quis 
omnium plantarum virtutes comprehendat, quod 
experientia probatur astatum fibi invicem fucce- 
dentium. At dices forfan, quare creata funt ve- 
nena Lethalia, veluti herba Bifi & [herba fangui- 
nis] Hajhijhatol dam, quibus perditio hominibus, 
non utilitas infertur. Sciendum eft ergo tibi, in- 
efle ipfis utilitates, quoniam etfi interficiant fi co- 
medantur, cum tamen exteriori corporis parti ap- 
plicantur non interficiunt. Quod fi conftet tibi 
magnam efle homini utilitatem e vipera, quanto 
magis ex iis qua; minus noxia funt ? Cum ergo 
invenerint horum omnium finem efl!e ut exiftat 
homo, necefle eft ut quaeramus etiam, quare ex- 
titerit homo, quifque fit ipfius finis. Poftquam 
igitur multum hac de re quasfiviflent, invenerunt 
homini multas efl^ admodum operationes, nam 

. . .. ,1 — - ,- ,-,-- ^ omnibus animalium arborumque fpeciebus vel u- 

X7N bi;3 ni D'V Tili7X (J^ nj KOD nica tantum eft a6lio, vel ad plurimum binas, ea- 
^K'Jh^K TXD *lbiD1 3077X 7K0riX rumque finis unus. Quemadmodum videmus non 
t3p3 iDl Np nJO nil Jt^VnSK "j'^iDI ^^^ palmas operationem aliam quam ut dadylos 
Xr'^l 1J1JdS}s3 i^y t^QI friDDJrSKO producat, quod & in reliquis arboribus fruftiferis 
'71^3'3 'KDJV'^K NnK S/^ibND \1T\y '^^ ^^ habet. Atque ita animalium alia reperimus 
' ' ' '~ '" 'I quas texunt tantum, ut araneam, alia quae asdifi- 

cant, ut hirundinem, alia quas fibi ad vidham ne- 
ceflaria recondunt, ut formicam ; homo vero mul- 
tas ac diverfas adliones producit, quas omnes fi- 

- — ..,_.. _j-_ - gillatim explicantes, ut ita perfpedlum haberent 

^i?37K yf\ n»3 ^t2i'2h TMi.'p'Z DN*!"!? quifnam eflet ipfarum finis, invenerunt finem ip- 
t\T^V^) rah^Wi^h^ 'y\'iT\ im THNiSk "us unam tantum aftionem effe, reliquis ad ipfius 
P Xi'h T\hv \"1 NO "hv p'NpnS{< confervationem [diredbis,] quo melius una ifta ac- 
IK hji^h TXDiKSi.* rtKJ ?l5n \^ SkHoSk t'° '" ^° perficiatur, quas eft intelligibilium appre- 
n'i- IK K-O'NH ':n» IN n3J» 1K T\^> ^""^\°? ^ ^^'"f ""'.' P™"*^i,.f^ revera habent, 

r^hv nn.o VNny. nhSd nin ^ih .oSp ^ffit ^St^^^ :t:^^- 

'3 1-lNe^' . JN Dn mmj '3 nnn J>i7 ^ere, parietem extruere, aut Regem efTe, cum 
hasc omnia fint accidentia ei extrinfecus advenientia, quas fubftantias ejus nihil ad- 

dunt J 
^l Reg. iv. 33. » Ver. 34, 



frni)' 

^♦OJ {^"17203 T\^ir\'2'2 n7*riD Nj7Nj;3K 

'n No^N n7N;?3N 7'ndi ops KnnN"! 



40 



PORTA M S I S. 



dunt } cumque hae aftiones omnes ei cum aliis 
animalium fpeciebus communes fmt: at fcientia 
illud eft quod fubftantiam ejus auget, ipfumque 
a ftatu humili ad fublimem transfert. Cum qui 
homo fuerit in potentia jam homo a(5hi evaferit. 
Homo (i quidcm antequam fcientia praeditus fit 
inftar beftiarum eft. Neque enim a reliquis ani- 



p |KpJX7N Sva:' dS n;,^S D'^n^^io in 

malium fpeciebus aliter quam ratione diftinguitur, rUN7 pD:7K3 ^S^i< TNVH'^J* J^KIIS TKD 

quod fcil. ipfe Animal fit rationale. Per rationem nN7")pjp7K "IIVH p:3:7N2 'i^i^ pDK: (NVn 

autem intcUigo rerum intelligibilium apprehenfio- \^ riSS NrtiN!im ^IVn nN7)p];(r* Dbj^Nl 

nem : rerum autem intelligibilium prajcipua eft |X7 nXMN'j'NSN |0 "jSiD 75;n' NDl ^jl 

XHD xnrrn ♦.-] ^50J^* tpibi;SN "tnd 

njoLDN DP* nxSipi^oSK rnvn j;o p^ 
•71N tN7 rtJMpDJ'^K nm^N ^a tojnaKW 
nK7yK2 Daj7N 3N7p ^N -(ivrv Sipro 

noJ^K DKnjl D3J7K nxSyi nDJ'7X 



unitatis Dei Opt. M. apprehenfio cum aliis quae 
cum ipfa conjundbe funt, rebus Theologicis. Cae- 
terae enim faentiae [eo tendunt] ut iis exerceatur 
[homo,] donee ad Theologicam pervenerit. His 
autem de rebus fermonem plene pertexere longum 
foret valde. Verum una cum apprehenfione in- 
telligibilium necefle eft ut exceflum in voluptati- 
bus corporeis vitet, cum primum intelligibile quod 
apprehenditur, fit, quod deftrudio animi fit cum 

cura corporis [conjundta,] animi autem cura cum _ 

deftruftione corporis. Quamdiu enim fedletur ho- ^ ,j-,C,j^ DN^JkSnI D^KHD'^iO IJ^VI 

mocupiditates, fenfuiobviadigens,& inteUeftum ,^3jqL,j^^ nnK^'O^.Sl SdNoSk "I'Jl Sonn 

fuum cupiditati fuas fubjiciens, feque mftar befti- 4*,-,Cs» -,,», --..v., „L j.,„_ J, 'J 

arum habeat & pecorum, (qu^ nihU aliud conci- ^Pi^. '^^ W N^ TJ'H H^KD 

piunt quam qus efu & potu idonea, quseque ad nHKOT^'n TV»1 ^^)h^ 'J);N HMK'PNVjt 

Venerem fpedant,) nondum apparet in ipfo po- P pS '7Vn7N inn 'S HDO' rii^DpJD 

tentia divina, viz. Intelleftus, fed mera eft mate- ><J07N;; |0 rfiii'>i^ {K nK0"TpD7N rriH 

ria in mari rn j uXifs natans. Ex his prasmiflis pa- N'iXS Tjl dii^ 7jS 'H t^OJN iTS NOT 

tet, mundi noftri, eorumque quas in ipfo funt, fi- QTJ^Sk 'JKDiN:7X yiJ^N p p'inS 11':^ 

nem effeVirum fcientia praeditum,eumquebonum. p'NpnSj* "llVfl Ob^SK^ ♦JVN 'r?0r7M 

Cum ergo verefint in individuoaliquo generis hu- Ip^'j^^ L-,^ ^XTINI ri'W M ^tO h)} 

manifcientia&opera (perfcientiamautemintelligo SKTnj;^^^ '-JO^^SnI TNDJnSn naiT ?je 

apprehenfionemveritatumprout fe reverahabent, *,m«-;,v.u.v» -.».. ii.J.^. u.. ^J L ' 

8^ affecutionem omnium qu^ fieri poffit ut affe! ^^^^^^^ l^^l rW'atsbt* "TIOnVn »3 

quatur homo •, per opera autem, moderatum re- ^^V ^'^ ^P ^7^l ^^^^ '^-'"'' c'^ 

rum naturalium ufum, & fugam exceflbs, neve "^'^^ J'^^^ «~I73 p7i)7K I'Dnni "TDJJ'J* 

ex iis captet nifi quo fuftentetur corpus, & reftius ♦ij^07N Nlm p:bi< IHt} 7Nn7K .Tin PJ? 

difponantur habitus [ipfius] univerfi) ille, qui ita KD'7j;7K73lDpaS»^»!33J<7K'73p p dS^KO 

fe habet, finis eft propofitus : quam fententiam non J^IT D7 *q1 n37ND7N '^SoSn tO 

folum_notam_ fecerunt Prophets, yerum & e fedis }«")oV;; ip QnODH ^JI^QD ^^'^ t^'^JK^K 



i'nd:ik ;np:nVn in ^io t^ KirK i9r 
Say'^Ki Db;;7J< yoj np pD' m n'^n Son3 
viJ riao'^a'^x '3 nD07K Sip *]3Dm 
t« l^ni pN'iiK. N'^ai |pi jk xiD nSSi* 
riNinty T>m nVd J Kp'^fi;; ^kd n-in f Dsr'?^ 
Sin iN7 r^TpnSx 'S;; hoSkj^ in d*'?:^ 

nDD-t27 wmer 'tji ddjSk D^^1p na no vhii 
j^DD nj'^ii n:i7N Kin 'flinDj ni^K 
♦7y npi oj'^N wnii NiDni arS'i 'ja:* 
rjy'X'^N 'v;;' im dS^Sn nS ;k ';?-tk p 
iiDKn 7^ nbip in now riKinc^ ^Sd'i 
"iSdi '131 1Jn^* '*♦ mini i^nj.y oisDn 
Nnnp «n3Nj; nv^k ylyd^n |kd j» 
tpDJ7N DKip nn NO nVn r!N"iS}< moo 
, . , 'Tr^nba Jti^OLD'^N hnjo'?}* »3 nS^o 

C/? /> £i?f . Pan ratione fi quis devotus fuerit, & ab- j<n73 pSi^X JD^nD r^?n^f "Tp ^Nnni^N^N 

ftemius, voluptatum, nifi quantum corpon fuften- «pj^j {!(y,j^ j^^p,^ -,L, ^L,^ ^L, -^^^^ j^,L,j^» 

tando fit, fugiens, inque omnibus naturas viis mo- \^C^ SisSk P SoDK nj^S Sj^n^^^^t 

dum teneat, necnon omnia ad probitatem morum LuiL, ,,'-«♦ o^^i • •-^.-,«^ «.U U • "u. 

[fpedantia] compleftatur, nifi quod fcientia ca- 1^"^ I P C~? ^^VP D~ 1?^ "^^^^ 

reaf, neque hie (quamvis priorf perfedior) per- ^""^ l'** D^*?D7^? Dn'b;; D^ODH^.^ p'^ip* 

fedionemaffecutus eft, cum nondum vera &firma P[< D)^ U^ W ]23 NJ'3 KOD Nm NT 

fint ifta ejus opera, ideoque dicunt Sapientes, p. in7N D'ODnSx '2'iy NOIS TD,1 njN 
m. Brutus non eft peccatimetuens, quern admodum 

explicavimus. quique Idiotam pium efife aifirmaverit, ille Sapientes qui hoc praecife afiirmarunt, 

I nee 



antiquis dodi, iique qui neque viderunt unquam 
prophetas, neque fapientiam eorum audierunt, i- 
dem docuere ; fcil. non effe quempiam hominem 
perfedum, nifi qui fcientiam & opera fimul con- 
junxerit: & quam praeclarum eft didum Philofo- 
phi iftius excellentis, Scopum Dei in nobis efle, 
ut intelligentes fimus & boni. Si quis enim fcien- 
tia & intelligentia praeditus cupiditates fedetur, 
non eft ille revera fciens, cum fcientiae initium [in 
hoc confiftat] ut non captet quis e voluptatibus 
corporeis, nifi quo fuftentetur corpus. Quas autem 
hue fpedant fufius tradantes in explicatione trad. 
Aboth^ eadem, prout decet atque opus eft, eluci- 
dabimus. Atque hoc modo invenimus Prophe- 
tam redarguifle ilium, qui cum fcientiam fibi at- 
tribueret, legem interim tranfgrederetur, animique 
fui cupiditatibus indulgeret, hoc ipfius dido, ^o- 
modo dicitis, Sapientes fumus, &? Lex Dei nobifcum 



PORTA M S i S. 



"^^nhny'v DNSoSiS* . nn'Sj; i=3n'7ip in 

pn:N Sip» |N S'KpSS iJ< im "thni 
dS n'nNSK'?N rirJsnSx fN Dno;?r ip 
nNpi'^DoSN ^'ci ;ni Kiis;; x'ty -tjin 

n^^Sipra^N -iii'n 'JtiDJKSN vijSn ri'NJi jxi 
^:S n^N* DNJ7K yoj n77N *Tii« □'73 
DNJ'7N "ln^^* njj rmi i>«Sip;?o 'mt\'> 

JK1 nKiniy^K 07Nt3 D7J^7N 1)} j^'Tj; 

jsj*? nnj nN5y nnNrbx oSfij;S»v ptr'??? 
\io .inNiSK '^ri'^ .t]T:;n7« i>?on-TnK 

O'TV'?^ 07KD □n'^D DNJ7K |ND iS 

Sqri ']2t37i<i ]'no7K] D-nSNi TNynSNi 
mhii rh urn t^m ryirh nK^xSj^ 

IN^n^Ni Dp'?* M?^ JDy7 noN'nSNi 
nK^K^K So;;i StbriD* n'pr ij^*'? 
n^crino nor p» Dpi }>sn73 rnn'? 
|ND3N'7K ♦nVK T^yhi^ rrin dS;?;!:! 
rTDi-ii KnnSoJi '7k nxpa '3 iKnno 

flODn7N rjRy7}5 ")7i 3Dn3» |N3 'DOl 
DnVs KTINH NHilKa D7i^'?^? "I'finD'l 

p 7ip pnN KOI noDnSs njim nf^S^ 
IxyrnN^K n37i)S |':jo7}« m717 7Np 

O'^pN^N *7ij« p -iaND» 3'3'in'7K Snpo 

D\y,!:D '3 K-inD7Ki NntrVj* |Nor '3 
ONinSNi iyim7*7 nD3J3 -njn t]'^K 
p ;?oj KlK3 s<iN;n n'2'y jj< ^d;; 
nnNpN Nn'3 'd^^k ♦n'^i^ TjNn7K ■]Sn 
i?K:ySK ♦"?;? t^^noDp* '^i^i' nSoj ththn 

nK*7i< 033 '3 NODTUD J^i<DK 'p^'S 

tD'NH rrS;; D^p'S nirV7Ni n^iVKS 
j<o'7j^ Snp» ini pjD7!< p p'o .n3ii'3 
D'Nn 'J3' hio nna;; p p::* &> nji< 
t>hDni j>?Tn p ntTK pan 'k jn^ p 
pen KnnNine;! K^n'^N nNT> j;»dj 
^'^pD♦ "piSi v^nSk ■jc;rn7 vno 

i^njiK K03K Dn:N 'k px □;; nS 
jsJitSk DmnDi '^St^3 pN'^N rinKo^r'? 

'pu-^' nS . {st'ii7K '3 Nn'x-i kShnj 
nSNJsyK J?iK3nn nonjr mui Nn»3 
nSNJu.'K SiN^nrj no* i<DT\ -ip Sn 

Vol.. I, 



4* 



nee non & ipfam rationem mendacil arguit: quare 
& per totam legem praeceptum invenies, Et dif- 
cetis ea, & deinde, i£ facietis ea^ pra;mifla o- 
peribus fcientia, quia fcientia ad opus perducit 
non autem opus ad fcientiam -, atque hoc eft quod 
dixerant [Doftores] q. p. BoElrinamad opera per- 
ducere. Una autem hie fupereft qusftio, cum 
dicere poflit aliquis, Affirmaftis vos fapientiam 
divinam nihil fruftra feciffe, omniumque creatu- 
rarum fublunarium nobiliffimam efle hominem, fi- 
nem autem generis humani efle intclligibilia ap- 
prehendere, quare ergo fecit Dtus homines [iftos] 
omnes qui non apprehendunt intejligibilia, cum 
videamus maximam hominum partem fcientia ca- 
rere, cupiditates autem feftari, virumque fcientia 
& rerum mundanarum contemptu prceditum, ra- 
rum quid ac peregrinum efle, qualis vix unus fa- 
culo aliquo reperiatur ? Refpondetur autem om- 
nes iftos duas ob caufas reperiri, quarum prima 
eft, ut Uni ifti inferviant. Nam fi omnes fcien- 
tias dediti ac philofophiae ftudiofi eflent, periturus 
eflet mundus, & in caflum abiturus, penitvifque 
ex ipfo deleretur genus humanum quam brevifli- 
mo temporis fpatio. Homo enim egenus admo- 
dum eft, rebufque multis opus habet, adeo ut 
necefle illi eflet arandi, metendi, triturandi, com- 
molendi, pinfendi, & inftrumenta his omnibus 
[infervientia] conficiendi artem difcere, quo pa- 
raretur ipfi cibus -, eodemque modo necefl*e eflet 
illi difcere nendi ac texendi artificium, quo fibi 
contexeret quod indueret ; nee non architefto- 
nicem, ut fibi ftrueret quo tegeretur, & modum 
inftrumenta his omnibus [idonea] conficiendi, ne- 
que fufficeret Methufalechi astas ad perdifcendas 
artes iftas quibus univerfis neceflario intra vitas 
fuas termbum opus habet homo, ac quando tan- 
dem vir ifte fapientiam acquireret, & fcientias 
cperam daret ? Illi ergo omnes conditi funt, ut 
hasc opera praeftent, quibus in civitate opus eft, 
conditus eft autem vir fcientia pra?ditus fui gra- 
tia ; atque ita [fimul] colitur terra, & reperitur 
fapientia ; quam fcite ergo dixit ille, quifquis fuit, 
Niji ejfeni ftulti, defolaretur terra ? Quae enim 
ftultitia huic par eft, ut homo, animo debilis, 
[corporis] ftru6hira infirmus, a principio climatis 
fecundi, ufque ad principium fexti profedus, ma- 
ria hieme & deferta per ventos aeftatis urentes 
pertranfeat, feque ferarum & ferpentium [pericu- 
lo] objiciat, quo forte pecuniam lucretur, deinde 
cum nummorum iftorum, quibus tres animas fuas 
impendit, fummam collegerit, earn diftribuere 
incipiat architeitis qui ipfi fundamentum firmum 
e gypfo & lapidibus in terra folida ftruant, fuper 
quod parietem erigat qui annos centenos perduret, 
cum certofciatnon fuperefle fibi vitae quantum vel 
parietem junceum abfumeret? quas[inquam] ftulti- 
tia hac major eft ? Sic & voluptates & cupiditates 
mundanas mera funt ftultitia, [quas tamen] ad terras 
confervationem [fpeftant] ideoque appellarunt Sa- 
pientes, quibus pax, fcientia vacuos, Populum ter- 
r^e, q. d. eos qui ad terram colendam creati funt, 
quare & illos ipfi afiines ftatuerunt. Quod fi di- 
cat quis, Atqui videmus virum levem &c fatuum 
[aliquem] in mundo quiete frui, neque in ipfo 
angi, aliis ipfi fervientibus & ncgotia ejus pera- 
gentibus, imo & aliquoties virum fcientia prsedi- 
tum negotiis ejus occupari ; non ita fe res habet. 



42 



P R t: A M S I S. 



prout ipfi vldetur, verum Ideo ftultus ifte tran- PJ 1^ ♦^^^♦ t*iK^^V Dnj) N^N HInV 
^uillitate fruitur, quoniam & ipfe fervus eft viro IN H^NO n"lh31 nnHNnn HiN^ HK^Sx 
ifti quern fcopum projpofuit creator. Ille enim Kfl'JO NIVp NIJD'? rtTD;; "VDK* rn^So 
[ope] tranquilli ftatus fui, magnaeque focultatum "'-wsn K03 KO'b;; NO'^3 NID'^Hi'S IN 
aut pofleflionum fuarum copiae, fervos fuosarcem -^y^ -ny^ "llSo'^K? n^U'rV IJ31 TiSoSk 
fubhmem actruere, vel vineam magnam plantare S^pnoa ^3 'HN' "-7^X3^ inm nVp^N 
jubet, utifacerefolentRegesRegumquefimilesi j^,,^!, l,.^ ^ ^,-^l, 

arxintenm ifta viro alicui praeftanti paratur, qui »^..i. ».l _ . ^ i- l. '"'''''• 
Iventuris feculis aliquando fub aliquo parietum e- QJ^^^ T"J? P^J^-^^^^N H^ T^*P:^ \3 
jus umbram captans hoc pafto a perditione libere- ^^Sn □ID^X *]Tl |0 "TDV^I ")N7rr7J< fO 
tur ; fumeturque aliquando e vinea ifta menfura p3' \>'i<'^ry HD '-72]?'3 ND N^tDT "IDD 
vini, qua conficiatur theriaca, qua vir quifpiam ^^ nflE^nj ip ^tSND '^JTI JiXJi n3 
perfedus a vipera morfus fanetur : ita enim Dei nnODni '^jl X^ TITJii y^inr\ J^fiDm 
Omnipot. gloriofi oeconomia & fapientia quibus pimD HlVy r^^2\:hH KH't) CD'D ^rhu 
fervire fecit naturani, "^ Confiliafunt d_ longinquo, —nj^^ ^p y-,j jsrini TOIN nOION 
Veritas^ firmitas. Atque hanc fententiam expli- i \ ^ , d 

carunt Sapientes, quibus pax. Ferunt enim Ben 
Zoma ftantem fuper montem domus [facrae,] 
cum cerneret Ifraelitas afcendentes dixifle, Be- 
nediSius Jit qui creavit has omnes ut mihi infer- 
virentf ciim ipfe p. m. effet faeculi fui Phoenix. 
Caufa autem fecunda ob quam fafti funt fcientiae 
expertes, eft quod illi qui fcientia praediti funt, 
pauci admodum fint, idque neceflario ita fe habeat 
ex fapientia divina : jam vero de iis quae necefla- 



\ti "hap □n'tdSn anhj; d'odhSk 
nn n'2r} nn h:; t]p' |N3 t<c^,T p 
i>npiy -]Tin Sip'S \y'7m Shpa" 
qkSd7n ri'Sy ]WD Ik ^yrrwh i*7n ^3 
naifH^ pathH dsd'^ni mi"]; nnxi 

rtnN77N h^dhSk 'ij ab 'v frn >rTi 
rioDnSN ♦fl DP NO 'Q Skp* d'Si 
Snp'. nS N03 Nin op D^ 'SinSn 



ria fecit fapientia prima non eft dicendum,Quare ,^^-,L,j<i j^^J^^ -]ibdihii niND oS 
neceflarium eft hoc? ficut non eft dicendum, j. ^.. •'. ,. '^ ♦ws>-,fAinv*, ii,»^« 
Quare ftierunt fphsra cceleftes novem, planets P^ J^^ ]*<^ ^^^^ ^NDD^M n^DO 



feptem, elementa quatuor ? quoniam haec, & quae 

eodem modo fe habent, prima produdtione ne- 

ceflaria fadla funt ; quod explicafle vides fapien- 

tes q. p. Dixit enim R. Shimeon Ben Tuchai de 

ffuyypivois fuis, eo quo fuerunt gradu [non ob- 

ftante,] Vidi filios aenaculi paucos ejfe; ft duo 

funt. Ego & flius meus illi fumus. Ideoque fafta 

eft turba hominum ut confortes effent filiis coe- 

naculi. Tu forfan hanc utilitatem parvi penden- 

dam exiftimabis, at certe priori potior eft. Annon 

vides Deum infideles in terra retinuifle, ut piis 

focii eflent } hoc eft quod dbcit, Omnip. glor. 

y Non expellam cos coram te uno anno, ne forte 

fit terra defolata : quam fententiam explicarunt 

fapientes, dicentesj ^ ^id eft quod dicit, ^ia hie 

[^] omnis homo ? Omnis mundus creatus eft ut 

cum iffo confocientur, i. e. ut ipfi jjufto fcil.] fo- 

cios fe praebeant. Patet ergo ex omnibus quas dixi- 

mus, omnium quae funt in mundo hoc generation! 

& corruptioni obnoxio finem efle Virum perfeftum 

qui fcientiam & opera conjunxerit, uti defcripfi- 

mus. Cum ergo ex ipforum verbis duo ifta per* 

ceperimus, fcil. fcientiam, & praxim, [partim] ex 

iis quae expreffis verbis, [partim] ex iis quae asnig- 

matice protulerunt, verum efle conftat quod dixcr 

runt, Non ejje Deo San£lo Benediifo, in mundo fuo, 

quicquam prater quatuor Halace cubitos. Atqui 

longe digrefli fumus ab eo quern propofuimus fco- 

po, ita tamen ut res quas & fidem adornent, & 

diligentiam in fapientiae ftudio [excitent,] nee levi 

pendendae fint, uti ego exiftimo, adduxerimus : 

nunc autem ut ad propofitum meum revertar. 

Cum jam perfeciflet Rab Jlflie Talmud eo quo fe 

habet modo -, mira ordinis, quo compofitum eft, 

pulchritudo, & utilitatis magnitudo teftimonium 

ipfi perhibuerunt fuifle in ipfo " Spiritum Deorum 

fan£iorum : quod autem de Talmud a Rab Afloe 

compofito reperitur, triginta quinque tradatibus 

conftat; non enim extat ipfi fermo in Seder Zeraim., nifi in Beracotb tantum, neque fuper traiftatum 

I Shekalim 

■ Ifa. «v. I. J Exod. zxiii. 29. f Ecclef. xii. 13. » Dan. iv. 5. 



♦a no6 NHN-ijo ni 
fiiio np onSd7N unb); aiNnp 
Shn ty »nv \2 w^'v '-I S^pi nVi 
'i3 ^n'Nn ryh^ nund no h)^ Txy^ 
♦JN on D»3ty ON □♦D^^io am rvijf 
iDJN'S mnQj^N niiN -jrh^ qh 'jm 
np?'N£)SN rrin pn itj^Si iVvSn Shn 
K7N pinSn p niiiN 'H ^n rh'D* 

♦s) rnSNDSN Di<pN nS7N JN ^-^n 

r^ n7tp in nSva^n nidjkp inSsSn 
i£3 nnN niirn "i'JSo lity-ijN n7 '7J1 
piyi vlJ Nnm nooc^ pNn rrnn 

7D nr O 'NO 17Kp1 Nif'N D'03r6N 
N^N Nn^i vh I^ID D7Vn ^73 OnNH 

p m Tpa n^iDJN' nmty r^h nrh 

dVnv '3 NO V'OJ ri'NJ IN NJ^p NO ^.^i 
D7];7N yOJ» SOND S^T HNDS'^NI JIdSn 
^'SnOi NJD N07a NJS5fl N03 '-pPT^NI 

}hn □nSd'^n cpn;*?;? cnoN'^a jo 
NOO 7ai;7N"» D7y7N ':;?N ;»ij?D7{< 
t'N mSNp NO pn mnSN No^jDia 

niON r^-iNo pn "sr^by^i n'yrrh h 
'ISn nj'^N 'ji^ NJjij Tpi nDVn'7c^ 
j^j'DN np p*? Ni^nD NJi-iD noni 
'b;; ri'jf"»no n^pnyN^^ riJono 2Epn 
nN NO »3 rh'D'^vn noh ^^^dSn 

'SyN 31 70DN NO'73 ♦inj '^N pj-|Nl 

n**?;? in no ♦^ir moSn^N fr^Nn 
NinNty nn"i»Nfl CDtb:;"! noNtbJ pn |ndd 
iSni n'3 .^trnp {'n*7N ,mn n n**:'^ 
♦tTN 31 fit^Nn; |o nioSnSN. p tji 
n^ njv D^ in"? NnoDo j^nN^ni Dob 
mDi3 ♦>;; TJ p^p-ir -no ♦Sir onSd 
nDDo bv dnSd nS njv aSi topa 



PORTA MOSIS. 43 

ii L„^ M-.«»^^ «^-,^^ ^,^«f> ♦^^^ ^C ^^^u*" Middoth & ASr««zOT e 5^^er Kadajhim ne- 

ONbD NV'N n^lJV ab^ UWy\y mddah ^xc^pto. Ddnde obiit i?. #.., cCim fr«/- 

riDD.t: ♦^^r "I'Jl rrnn'iO mo id 'Sy »7;^ w«i ad eum quem commemoravimus finem per- 

Tp im 'ITK n-l 'Sin Dn. dm mj duxiflet in -Bfl^f/(?: quod etiam facientes terra 

7na '3 «i"lDT J<0 ♦'7P "n07n'7« S.ODN i/r^^Z/j fapientes, fcil. uti fecerat Ral> Ajhe, tal- 

♦JJ;K Sjnu;» pK 'OOn iSpa 'jbiD'l mud Jerufakmi com^iwmnt, cujus author iJa^. 

lloSn'^K ^4^i^^D ♦C'N 3*1 biy^ {<D '^^'^^'^^^n- Extant autem Hierofolymitani quinque 

-TJVI j:nV "^ in run '"iSKI 'oStrn'SK Sffrm\\.t. ordinesj integri. Quod ad Seder 

rh:2ii^ nmO DOsSk ♦Obiyi-l^Ss* p gf^^^J^ ^^tem nullum extat omnino in ipfum 

L„«L^ v»-,L. -,;„ — ,u^ .„-,-,., -,-,« ot^v* Talmud, neque Babylomcum, neque Hierofolymi- 

-nabn NH^ njV O^D nnnj TID KOK /««««., excejtotraa. iV/iJ^^, uti dixirnus.Ouern 

riDDO 1»J '072^1"^* K^l '^33 K'? HJID tamen ordinem poffit quis poft difficultatem mul- 

Ji^DJN7K pO» {<0JN1 t*i"^2ji N'^3 niJ tam, & moleftiam gravem, ope Toftphu & 5a- 

fi^'inD Tp'^V'^ "i:?n mopX "17i HIK;* |K r«zV<J/^, fententiafquedecretoriasexillopertotum 

}<r)3Din7ND nJN;^nDK7N1. a'py Xp&n 7^«/»?«i addudtas coUigendo, & ex iifdem trafta- 

n^SiltS^K ry\2')rhii ^h^ V!\r\''''\'2^^'\ *""«! fundamenta & fcopum eliciendo, explicare, 

•rii'S JNIDnONI "S^nhtha ;;'0J 'D naa P''°"^ ^" "°^''^ ^^^"^ ■^^'^^^ explicatione, volente 

^dShSk iSn :0 Nn»3Nyai mrODoSx Deo perceptums es. Mortuis autem Sapienti- 

-noSx nS-i'? Wnniy »3 nx-,n, XD hy bus .ftis ornmbus, quorum ult:mi fuerunt i?a^^/«« 

-..„,-L. 'iiL»-i .^^^ w»«Um -,CL„ .»,,, ,^ oc i<«^ AJhe, perfedoque Talmude, omnium qui 

Drt:Dn^Nn;2:jlinNaXa^3nb^XJ?{ym jpfig fucceflerunt unicus hie erat fcopus, ut 

pmDX n'^^K am □N^D"7N OT'^J^ verba ab ipfis compofita intelllgerent, nihil il- 

Vd3 '70D np niOWNl 'SyK nni KJ'^-I Hs addendo, vel detrahendo. Multos ergo 

On3 .nn'NJ NOiJ>? •"H^a DXp p commentarlos fcripferunt Al Geonim, nemine ta- 

(\V I'^i?"! Dps N1J"n 'T?.^ anOK7p men ep perveniente (quantum quidem fciam) 

D'JIKjSk Nia'715 j;"nJlS j'K pOOl f]»DinS "*^ univerfi Talmudis expofitionem abfolveret, 

J<Tn{< '3n3N KO \i-> n"TnD'7i< I'ITTI'dSk quondam impediente vita [brevitate,] dios ho- 

-naSnSK h^oj lyn'^D hr^y |n ama ""'"T i" '^f'T ™p°'*V'^^^<^^- Libros eti- 

-,^„L^ -,-, ,,«^ »n m-tir^h vin^« irt ^"^ "^ decilionibus fententiarum compofuerunt, 

'S DXJ^K aXJC^N nn ;?Gp lO nnJOl Ualacoth Gedohth [i. conftitutiones magn^] & 

'3 ^'Sxin NV'N NIS*?! DN'DnxbK Ualacoth Ketuoth \y. {^nt^nivs ^^xi^AU Ha- 

'J«iaj?7Nn NmOl ♦:}Tr7i<a ^rm as;;VtOp /^r^/i' _^^/«^o/.6 [i. fententis decretori^,] & Ha~ 

r-npiDp mD7ni niSnj mD7n '^nO /^fo/i' Rabbi Acha Mi/Jhabcha, cum aliis. Hala- 

{<nD2?0 J<nK "1 niD7m nip1D3 ni37m f^otl^ autem quas compilavit Dodor infignis Rab~ 

yhiH Say ''thiX maSnSKl Km^JI ^^'^^ -^^^^ P- m. prasftitemnt ne iftis omnibus 

(_'' ^^„ ,... ^_. t opus haberemus, cum omnia in deciiionibus & 

|i^ mm ^Vr pre* Ipn aa;?O^K decretis utilia, quibufque noftris temporibus, fcil. 

1N']3 j;'0J7 nj;DNJ Nnjp Nn73 17n tempore exilii, opus eft, contineant ; cumque in 

iXrVlH JSnnobK nKDnNVNI nNj;iDp7K lis omnes qui illis qui ante ipfum fuere accide- 

Ipl niiy?^ t^Qf *JJ?« N^n KiJXOr ♦S rant, in decifionibus fuis, errores patefecerit, ne- 

nypl ''^^ tDN7JK7X i^'DJ Kn'3 j»3 que ipfe interim in illis, paucis exceptis fententiis, 

T\h}J yi t<Sl nnxyiDp '3 riSap joS q"^ numerum denarium non attingunt, ullatenus 

ntrv 'nri:n Vh rr\'U> r\'\':hr{ K7K Kn'3 ^rguatur. Omnium autem Geonim expofitiones 

y^r2h h-niloSx \Wyy&>ti Ka« njl3 ^"^ "^*'"\ ^^,."'"^? "^'^^"""t J"^i? intelleftus 

1 J.v.^ • V. u.-,vis», i«r, L,.>v»s^,ht, r^^^sosU^ eorum praeftantias rationem, adeo ufTalmudts ftu- 

Dn:NniJ< bVJ<3n DDH '^yKSnnS D' JNJ^^f ^iofus quifpiam intelledu pr^ditus, Geonim iftos, 

ma'7nbK '3 TOSJ^N QVT.^'^N '-7r^'?J< tNl q^alis unus quifque fuerit, e didtis & expofitionil 

p pXJI pKJ 73 D3J '-7'Vnn '7i; nnp bus ipfomm dignofcere poffit. Ubi autem ad 

\^Uh)i 'nnaS X073 nmtyi !~IDK':'3 nos deventum eft, ei infiftentes quae in iis qui 

jo p3D \t2 NH J1 KO 'Tj; NJOp NJ''?^ praeceflerunt invenimus, inquifitioni, diligentise ac 

ri'np2'7K 3Dn IxnnJNSKI^StDSKl nn37K ftudio, [accinximus] nos pro modulo virium no-. 

n3 yXSn^xS^ "IJ")3 J^oS^ DXDnDJ< '3 ftramm ad omnia ilia quibusprofed:uros nos apud 

TO '^i* DPD- NO nrOJ3 rthii liV Deum fperamus, conquirenda : collegi ergo quic- 

'. J " L L q^*^ mcidit in manus meas ex lis qua3 pater meus 

f]DV 12'in b^ mUl '-JVr n7N1 |57K;?n p. m. aliique accepta tulerunt D". noftro Jofepho 

TlO'^nSx '3 Vfn'^K "iSn \Tf\ *iK 7I ^l^^n Le'^^^^^i cum viri iftius in Talmude peritia ad ftu- 

t. .K3^ ^nn 4s. ^3 npxnjnD.. ul^^al^TbftM^^^^^^^^ 

imOS "]70 p n'H N7 Vi37 n'3 *7pX ja^//j ,-py-^ j.g^^ i„ yia ejus ifta. Collegi etiam 
m Jl NO ^«2^N nyo:i1 "^Ni npnta '3 quafcunque apud ipfum inveni in explicatione fua, 
t<01 nD3i3 m^D3ni3 m^bn JO n? fententias, una cum iis, quae mihi occurrerunt, 
t^PX 3Dn"l'DK3r» iO NifK J>SJi< "h "inD juxta imbecillitatem virium noftrarum, eamque 
n3'7i<3 □Sv'tN (0 riNipnS NQI NJnpNO quam afTecuti fumus fcientiam, interpretati- 

onibus, atque ita in tres Sedarim^ fcil. Moed, 

Najiniy^ 
* 2 Reg. 23. 25. 



4+ 



PORTA M S I S. 



Nafim, & Nezik'tn expofitionem confeci, qua- 
tuor exceptis traftatibus, de quibus jam in animo 
eft aliquid fcribcre, fed nondum ei rei otium in- 
venimus. Scripfimus etiam in trad. Cholim ob 
magnam ejus neceflitatem : atque hie labor nofter 
fiiit quo occupati fiiimus, una cum eo quod aliis 
rebus impendimus ftudio. Vifum eft deinde in 
Mijhnam commentarium fcribere, cujus neceftitas 
qualis fit, abfoluto hoc fermone meo, declara- 
tujus Aim. Ad quod faciendum incitatus fum, 
CO quod viderem Talmud iliud in Mijhnah fa- 
cere, quod nemo unquam conjedlando aflequi 
poterat, dum fundamentis addudtis, hie (inquit) 
Mijhnte [textus] tali vel tali modo fuperftru(5lus 
eft : aut in hac Mijhn<e fententia deeft verbum, 
fenfus autem ejus eft ifte : vel ifta Mijhnah eft 
T¥ N. cujus fententia ita fe habet. Deinde verbis 
ejus addens, & detrahens, ejus caufas reddit. 
Exiftimo autem ubi comprehenderit opus hoc il- 
ium quern declaraturi fumus fcopum in totam 
Mijhnam^ futurum ipfum quatuor magni momenti 
rebus utile : Prima eft, ut mde veram Mijhna ex- 
plicationem, verborumque ipfius interpretationem 
percipiamus: fi enim maximum -f^ Geonim de in- 
terpretatione alicujus in Mijhnah confuetudinis, 
interrogaveris, non poteft ille quicquam tibi de ea 
refpondere, nifi Talmudicam ejufdem explicati- 
onem memoria teneat, aut dicat. Age, videa- 
mus quid de ipfa oecurrat in Talmude didlum : 
impoffibile autem eft ut quis univerfum Talmud 
memoria teneat •, pnecipue cum una fententia 
Mijhnica quatuor aut quinque foliis explicetur, 
dum difta diftis intermifceantur, probationes 
nempe, objediones, & refponfa, adeo ut non 
poffit, quid in explicatione iftius Mijhna clarum 
lit, elicere, nifi qui judicii fit admodum perfpi- 
cacis; atque hoc, etiamfi non fuerit ejufmodi 
fententia ifta, cujus explicatio judieiorumque ad 
cam fpeftantium decifio, non nifi e duobus tri- 
bufve traftatibus perficiatur. Secunda eft, deci- 
lionum [cognitio,] cum in explicatione uniufcu- 
^ jufque fententia;, ad cujus opinionem conformetur 
praxis, oftenfurus fim. Tertia, ut introdudionis 
vice fit ei qui [his rebus] ftudere incipiat, dum 
ejus ope pateflat ipfi ratio verba explorandi, atque 
explieandi, ut perinde fit ae fi univerfum Talmud 
calleret ; atque hoc magno ipfi adjumento futu- 
rum eft ad totvmi Talmud [percipiendum.] Quarta 
demum, ut fit [vice] Anamneftae illi qui legerit, 
& fciverit, quo prasfto fit quodcunque legerit, 
continue ante oculos ipfi pofitum, fintque Mijh- 
nah & Talmud ipfius in ore ejus rede difpofita. 
Haze ciim apud me animo concepifTem, accinxi 
me ad librum, quern mihi propofui, componendum, 
Scopus ergo mihi in hoc libro propofitus eft, 
Mijhnam^ eo modo explicate, quo [illam] expli- 
cavit Talmud; ac fententias veras tantvim recen- 
fere, omiflis iis quae in Talmude manifefto rejici- 
untur ; nee non rationes reddere ob quaS prolata 
funt ifta verba, & eas ob quas inciderunt inter 
difcrepantes quibufdam In controverfiis differentia?, 
& ad cujus fententiam dirigatur praxis, prout in 
Talmude explicatum eft ; in quibus omnibus ver- 
borum conpendio ftudui : quo tamen nulla ledori 
difficultas relinquatur, ciim non ideo ha;c compo- 
fuerimus ut lapides, fed ut eos qui intelledu prae- 
diti funt, intelligere faciamus. Vifum eft autem 
mihi eodem ordine librum meum difponere quo 



D'by7.V7in NiT'K jsji^yn jNHD nSiS 

♦3 vm IN -tn nj?3 n\sn ^jx on 
nj'2N NO inj hy n-nny Nyyi nr^ro^N 

nju?oSN '3 S;?3' moSn^N n'N-i 'jnS 
Dxp nnnS' in inx po^ vh nSi?3 
rrin in -f) Vipn n'^ivn aS j njN*? ni3n 
IN {sjiDi NnD nji hy nj2:N nju^obx 
Nmnpm bD^N rivpNp n:ii'D'7N nnn in 
n-rNpn;;Ni \pih r^:^&?n rrin in in nId 
rpjn NntbaS 'S I'p n:N n^tni Nia 
Syn NiN IN n'N-i3 rhb}} -i,-Tb'i njo 
•hi; p: nSN wn bv ;^'iiio'7J< Nin 
TNia V31N n'O x\y ind njtyoSN j;'Oj 

TO07>*TDSnp7pj NJN N.TTnN HO'LOP 

-0 -jjN^ nhdn'^d S'iNm npprf7N h^j 
\D hdSi n'DOn ip pNj -iddn rhm 

K.n'D -p ^ '71p' IN ;?DnD» dV njU'O^N 

'pn "n,27n .ban* ind in nSn nȣ? 

NO -KbJJ IN ♦'^N "17 Sip' IN .IdShSn 

N71 ■no'^n^N '3 dnSd^n io Nn^a ;;pi 
fiVoj pan' 113' IN fisy hrNtsnoN 'a 
rnnNPN ryshrb^ paa no'd nVi -nq'^nSN 
pN-)iN nrniN 'a noann np nri^o'^N to 
jjn7Ni pN73 'TT cdn'?^ Sri' in"? Dobi 
mp' nS 'nn naijNSi nNiNnriTN^Ni 
njc^o'^N -j^n S'lND 'a 'ay no I'jiS' in 
\3D ^b]^ Nnn.-Di7N'a nnNO jst'jN 
onnnty on* n^ fiinNibN n^riiii 
mriDDo 10 N'r'N t<n'a oonSN j;iDp'» 
ii'JNn^Ni mriDDo riity in I'jiiN 
7'Dpn njr , "l^ . "^ipK 'JnS nNi;i£3pSN 
hn'7Nn'7Ni Soi^SN to Dn:io h:; nsSn '^d 
nb:7N 'a nnaoS Sjtio'^nd pDn stnjN 
Uibiiii 'nnn p'no -j^i lo rh Synn* 
mo|7n7Nh70iD DNnN lODpo'a n'^'iNm 
-vsdirhn j;'oi 'Sj; ^^nj -|Sn nj';r'i 
t<-ip np \:±> N7Dio pD' njN rir^NnSM 
n'j';r pa NnvNn '7p t^jo'^o pD'a d^;;i 
•^r Tno nio7ni '\n:vn pm ^jo'ni 
nnjn 'iNyo'^N mn mivn >4o'?a va 
Nnn 'a Nnvpi nonN 'i^N fT'?NnS 
NJo 3Dna :u?07N Toan .jtSnhSn 
n'DNan.7N '^y nNvnpN^Ni nioSn^N loa 
r»nb ♦r.'^N "I'DNan^N nNvniiNi rin'ny'^N 
•^SSn -iNnbNi Tio'?n'7N 'a NnjN^pD 
DNWN -]yi ;?ynN . xn^jN^ ^rha 
ciN^^niN^N rpi KnSjN^ 'n^N bSyha^ 
riNaN'^nDN^N yy'z 'a paSnnoSN pn 
'a pa' NO 'Sj; '^oi^'^n p anno 'S;?! 
rNJ'N nSa -j^t '£3 'nnnNi moSn^N 
IN7 'nNp7N b)^ '^aa?' nS nn lo dsSn 
MOJNi n*iNjn^N nnajS ^ija'7Nn ^b 
pan IN3 n'Nni nna' \d ana:'? in 

fecerunt omnes interpretes, fcil, ut verbis 
a Mijhna 



PORTA M S 1 8. 



t?nnKiybK v»aj Vs* ><o '^V *fi'^i*ri rtim 



4j 



n»D5n 'S;r tuSsni* an T\ii7h\i< "pj 
Dii NJoi >«o 2Dn r^iirha *]7n 
nii< 'Vk nIdh ri'JNn hdSh <3 n?N 



Mijhna ufque ad finem fententia pofitisi de-^ 
inde quae ad explicationem iftius fententis fa- 
ciant, pro inftituti noftri ratione, loquar : tuiti 
ad fecundam, atque ita ufque ad finem Mijhha 

_.. .. . _ _ _ ^ pergam: oninem interim fententiam manifeftani 

J^nnriDi nJ'3 ]'\:iT\ noSl Ssi nJC?oS« defcribimus [quidcm,] at nullum de ea fermonem 

ri*n |K nb)fiCi DK'^D Nira ^p13 K*?! inftituimus. Scias autem ubicunque difcrepent 

1-^±r^ SSt n'il ^mV m tlSniN no affeck 5^^^;«^/ & affecl^ M//.//., conftitutioneirt 

-_-.L- ii,^iS«n ninv ♦M ^f^v ski r-in-» ^'^^ J"^*^ //^//e//J fequaces, excepds rebus qui- 

^'T.^'ZHS? Jun f.f ^Jl? ^.^? ^"^'i^"^ '^^t^^' ^" q^^bus obtinet Ltentia domus 

tDpS m3'7n^K l-^n '35 'NQty p3 5^«»,»,^/. In iftis igitur tantum fententiis dico 

'NO'^' n'DD nO^n ^4^mly n:y -^^ "rp^ tlbi inter explicandum, fententiam effe juxta do- 

*]K7nr)hf ^47 OnO rUtyn ~7D "^TIDI mum Shammai. Similiter in omni Mijhna fim- 

'£3 JS7K pn, t<0 h^ .Sr;;7NS ^Jn^a pliciter pofita de qua nulla eft controverfiai 

Jtia^^K ry\'2^rh^ "j'^n 'Sa 1NK^7K praxis eft fecundam illud quod in textu expref- 

j;ifllO CnD^K t^iln |K "h ^1pi< J""^ ^^■> paucis quae raro accidunt exceptis. Quare 

nK5N*Sni)xSK "I'ND KOKl nD'7n ny^l j^ 'J^^ ';^''° occurrentibus* dico tibi, hoc quod 

i7 bipN' Sa 71^33 'Sn KM'a -Vb^ nSs J^'^ fimphciter ponitur, rejict, neque in more effe. 

.J»- Ll,, ,-, ,», "^.^^w ♦U.* L--.L-,Lv« Ki^oa ad reJiquas autem difcrepantias, ad nullum 

^^,^^1 IL\^ 2'^3'^^^rit'lll tTde iis fcrupllum adigo, often^ens t'antum juxta 

D'ODDH HD^n -]^ "71pK D'^ll Tn' ^^3^3 fententiam confuetudo obtineat, licet inter 

rny ];; t^iTrri pn7^ in: TID* n^^Nl unum aliquem & plures [fit difcrepantia,] dico 

71^33 'riK IK n'Nmp'?! '^N^n np'SirO tamen, Halacah eft fecundum fapientes. Dirigat 

Ch)! 'n m£?7N3 'in3K |N 73p nne^P autem [nos] Deus erga veritatem, & ab eo quod 

jnj NO '3 ri*TK3 "1'33 Kn'3 dp rn^'^N ipfi contrarium eft, pro auxilio fuo divino, aver- 

"1N"1N \n7 NH'Sy flpl^K pn' pS nSoD3 *^*- Vifum eft autem mihi decem feiftiones pras- 

*np ♦S^kSn SvsSk HJC^oSn '3Sn03Sk n^ittere, antequam explicationem [meam] aggre- 

nje?0'?K '3 CrmD-i m^ jnVbK D'ODhSn '^'^'■' .if ^5"^ "°" ^"'^t magnx ad ea qux nos fa- 

L„^Cv4 — ,-v»»»»i»»..«, »^C.;v«-,il,o ^^-^t, ^^„„ cere mitituimus momenti, verum eiufmodi quas 

'7V3'7N pnNODNn n^Wl^N nn^ nnOJI yU ; f^^. ^i^^^^; [callerej^elit, tenere 

rpi inSSK OODH^NTO '3 'JKdSn expedit. &aio prim! eft, De fapieLm, quorum 
ni nc'yo 3Dn3 nyr07K '3 On-IOi mentio in Mijhna incidit, quibufque nominatim 

acceptae feruntur traditiones, numero. Secunda, de 
numero 5apientum, quorum mentio fafta eft in 
Mijhna^ fadi alicujus quod tempore cujufpiam 
ipforum accidit, aut fententiae moralis quam pro- 
tulit, aut expofitionis myfticae quam docuit, gra- 
tia. Tertia, de Genealogiis Sapientum Mijhni- 
corum notis. Quarta, de Synchronifmis eorum. 
Quinta, de iis quos notum eft ex illis habuifle fe 
ut Difcipulum & Praeceptorem. Sexta, de ali- 
quorum ex ipfis nominum nude pofitorum, quo 
meliiis dignofcantur, declaratione. Septima, de 



IK nn 21N SIN IK ornnN {Nor '3 
nn?y ^*o '3 nSKn'^N S>'37N nty-n ^im 
^dn-iSn ^'iiba. n^iyo 'osn ^ndjn fo 
DONi'^N ^iha sv^^ onvya rmwo '3 
3Dn nmo ixnoN^^Ni Tp'^n?** ♦fl 

DHDoSk |"2n '3 D"T5<D7K '7V37K inU^NO 

Si'S^N ^J3n;^n mnj iN3 DiTNodn to 
':5;3 NO 'S;? onanNno '3 oraNDpN 
pnnaoi '3 pNiiSx 7V37n iino' 

SvsSn ^'KDpbNI f NDe^N'7N1 TN?:!' 



pnJ'D jhS'^N ^NDI^n'^N '3 VDNJiSn gradibus eorum, quibus ipfos difpofuit Author. 

Svp^N IDDnSn '3 tlNSni)N7N W5» Oftava, de ipforum ad regiones, perfonas, & 

?iSp7N '3 Dnn'NTl O'Dpn »3 ")!yNj;SN *"^"^ refpeftu. Nona, de quibufdam inter quos 

d'oDhSk TTJ; '3 VlN'^N 4v3Sn nnnD^NI ^" pkrifque accidit difcrepantia. Decima, de tra- 

npDJT HJU^oSn '3 amih rP IhSVn J'^'°"""?.^b ipfis [acceptarum,] prout rarms aut 

„,C ^-, — ,-,v,»,^v,-, — ,v»*v*»i^iv» ' —-.L frequentius occurrunt, partttione. 

J<J7p ip OnNODN3 riKJSlT'K on? ^^^-^ ^,.-^^^ 2j^ „^^^^^ Sapientum, quorum 

*iynpN nJe?07K pno iN NJ0N73 m:; »fl ^^^^^/^ /-^^^ ^^ ^-^ Miftma, quibufque traditiones 

fjrOty p p')Nn7N f NiRyN7N NODN '7j; nommatim accept a feruntur. 

iil?JN"( f^n'jD rl'N'n'^N jMl n»^N pnyn Diximus initio fermonis noftri, AuthoremMj/^- 

|*XDC?N7N kSiNH "n;;i Tn^T\ pj;OU^S «<*, eorum tantum e traditionum authoribus no- 

DN^RnSn 71*70 J njnn anNODSn jn*?}? mina recenfuiflfe, qui 2.Simeom jufto ad ipfius ufque 

;^'0J'3 nmrjSNI mJpnSNl r.Nnp3n'7Nl ^t^tem floruerunt, & tradmones omnes Simeom 

♦:in Oni nS^I Pirim THN nJiyoSN jufto acceptas ferri. Eorum autem quorum no- 

• ' "^ ■ '^' '^^ -" — -iicia, decmones legales, 

omnia per totam Mifh-' 

am nonaginta & unius. 

p yrDy?? 'n rr:in p yU^in* 'l n'm3 sunt 1^,"" R. EUezer f. i//>f««/. Rab. Eliezer f. 

p j;rin' 'n n-rna i^ ra^in* 'n nmp jacohi. r. EZ/^z^r f. r. jofis GaiiUi. jofuah 

\1 -ir;?7N nn?3^ ]3 nrp^ 'n Dlipnin f. TeracUa. R. 7<?/k«;& f. Hanania. Rab. 7^/«tf^ 

pVTX p -|U^7N '-» nmma ly'N mtn' f.Korch^. R. jofuah f. 5«//r^. R. Jofuah f. 
Wf«»?. R. £//ezfr f. ^zaria. Eliezer f. Juda viri Bartuta, R. £/;Vzfr f. Zo^/i';^/. R. Eleazer 

f. Shamui. R. Eleazar Chafma, „ _, 

. Vot. I. M R» ^*- 



P I?Unn' 'S'^jn 'DV 'n W m nr^SN „,^^ ^^^^rus eft virorum n 



ly' 



46 



P R "f A M S I S. 



R. Eleazer f. Perat,e. R. Eleazar f. Simeonis. 
K. Eleazar f. Piwa^7. R. 7«^ f. y^/fl«. R J«^a 
f. Batir^. 

R. 7«^tf f. fia^^. R. 7«^<» f. ^*^. Juda f. 
Tabbaii. 

Rabban Simeon f. Gamalielis. 

R. 5/»»^o» f. Jucbaii. R. 5/w^w* HaJJhizuri. 
R. 5;wf<?K f. Naneft. R, 5;>wi?o« f. Hajfagan, Si- 
meon f. Shetacbi. Simeon Taimanita. 

R. Simeon f. Azzai. R. Simeon f. Zowrf*. R. 5/- 
w^ow f. Eleazari. R. Simeon f. JudiC. R. Simeon f. 
Batira. Simeon {nXtr Azaria. R. Chanania An- 
tiftes Sacerdotum. R. Chaninah f. Antigoni. Cha- 

mnah fil. C^'^f-J^w^/ K. Chaninah j. Gamalielis. j^ ^,j^p,^ ^^ L,j^,L,pj p -,.,^p, ,^ ,^^^,2,^ 
R. Necboniab 61. Al Nathanis. Ip Capbar Baby- L L-,,^,^,„ •-, .U^s-, -.^^ »m»w ^m-i'-ii^ 
/.«m. R. />^./. R.Nehemiah. Nehemiab Be- ^^ /,^,^\l^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^ \nt)ii 



'"I ND3 p rmn» 'n rrrnD p 7X-v\rv 
pyciy pn 'K2l3 p miiT jiSK p min* 

p p];oty '1 DiJ p p;;ac^ 'n mri^n 
"I 'JO'nn ppac^ nac^ p p>\t:ty pon 
pyojy '-> NDir p p)?ot:^ 'n 'Nrj; p p:;02^ 
pyoc^ 'n nmn* jn pj;ac' 'n nu;SN* p 

p nyjn DJJtb2^? p nyjn '-1 D^jnsn 




!^ "<^,'>yi-^ 



chanan calcearius. R. Juchanan f. Jofu£ f. foceri '") b^ VOH p j;i{y» p pnv "I nTTJOn 

R. yf,t/^rf?. R. 70/. R. 7?/? f. 'Mejhullami. R. ♦DT "l dSii^'O p 'DV '") 'DV '") N^^pi^ 

7^ f. Hachotephi Ephrataus. R.'Joft GaliUus. p f^Qy ^^^jh 'DV '"1 TllSN f)Dinn p 

JofephusJ.Joazari.Jofephus^.Juchanani.^R. \ -,-,^-,, '-,^ ,p^, S piTl' p fjDV 1i;rV 

p-» ^'X'^D: p-l ♦Jin p 'DV jHDn 'DV 

S NOT nSD^r'k^ ♦KriDTt ;prn Sn'Soj 

onj inj '"» ri'Di-n '-t nyp:^ 'n -i'ko 
'-> HDH ainj pni; '"i kstj^'d 'n ^h:hr\- 
'n nni:^ p »Ny'7N* 'n DJonn p ^:D^ 
♦SnnKrr 'Kna c^nn p rrno 'i DN'aia 
p nnsr 'n'^Noe? bSip^Vj^Ni x'j^oar 
j;^* 'iin DpiraN p pn pon« ;ivnn. 
iP'K D'p' 'n ^N77no p nD'pir '^^nan 
nnj chs 3py» 'n ♦xjjd p QnjD nnn " 

2Dn3 niiy^Sf* 'a Qn-oi ;;pi i^nSb'j* 

np '. vu^-n n»3 cn^i pioa "us na 

npaSx p t^»e^ Dn'7N ao: jj^d d'S 
NnD"i KDJK1 *^T\r} IN niDN '3 rT3;nB;SNi 
y\ii. IN ornnN |Nbr 'fi'ni ntyyo ndnn • 
♦3 finiDno^N in: b«-TN7N \d iiN^, 
tm7N IN ^i-inSn "jb-i njv bana maN-' 
„,_ ,^ . ^ - , "inn. trjV>- niDN ♦imp* . n,7 ly-n. 'i'^N - 

quae ipfi accepta fertur, aut expofitionis alicujus ^'"i'?7N |^NJi;:^N'7N "inj^VnODN^ "hi pn3 • 

author ftierit, quse cum non fpedtet ad aliquid il- NJIDl 'n^N mjl^N' TIN h)! QTlDT j;pl 

Ucitum vel licitum prpnuntiandum, !iomine tamen □,-,, ^^^^ \\t\'lt\'\ n;?DD NnnaNt^ NOl 



7o/? f. R. 7«^^. R. 7e/?. Sacerdos. Jo/? fil. Choni. 

Rabban Gamaliel. Rabban Gamaliel fenex. 
Dqfithteus Cafardemita. R. Dofttbaus f. R. Jan- 
nxi. R. Aba Saul. R. Tarphon. R. Meir. R. 
Akiba. R. Chatzphith. R. Nathan. Nachum 
Hallablar, i. Libellarius. R. Meajha. R. Zadok. 
Nachum Medus. R. Do/aus f. Hirxani. R. Alai 
f, Cobari. R. Papias. R. Mathias fil. Charajhi. 
Natbaus Arbelita. Shemaiah. Abtalion. Hillel. 
Sbammai. R. Zacbariah fil. Lanii. 

Admon. Chanan f. Abfalomi. , , t 

, R. Tadua Babylonius. Akibah f. MahSfteelis. 

R.Jakim IJh Hadid. Menachem f. Sagnai. R.'- 

Jacob. Non autem obfervavimus ill fecenfendis , 

eorum nominibus ordinem aetatum ipforutn.', * . , 

SeSiio fecunda^ De numero Sapientum quorum in- 
cidit mentio in Mifhna, fa5ii alicujus quod tempore 
cujufpiam ipforum accidit, aut fententi^ alicujuf 
moralis cujus author fuit, vel textHs alicujus quern 
eicpofuit, gratia. Fa<fta eft in Mijbna 

mentio multorum Doftorum, lion quod ipfis de-. 
terminationes aliquae in lege fuerint, quibiis ali- 
quod illicitum vel licitum pronunciaverint ; vemm 
ob faftum aliquod quod tempore alicujus ipforum 
accidit, aut quod fententia aliqua [homines] in- 
ftituferit (quales funt illae quae recenfentur in Aboth) 




qm lunt, I K.. Jojh, 
kapbar. 3 R. Eleazar f. Araci. 4 R. Eleazar 
Hammodai. 5 Juda f, Tem^e. 6 R. Simeon f . I^a- 
tbanielis. 7 R. Simeon f. Akafia. 8 R. Simeon f. 
Chalphet£. 9 Chaninah f. Dufie. 10 Chananiah f. 
Ezekia f. Garonis. 1 1 R. Chananiah i. 'Tardionis. 
12 R. Nechoniab f. Hakante. 13^ Jfmaeli. Phiabii. 
14 Juchanan f. Horonita. 15 R. Joji f. Judiey ir 
Cafar, Babylonius, 16 R. JoJi f. Damafcena. 1 7 
Rabban Gamaliel f. R. 7"^^ principis. 18 R 



n'jjnNon p nyiniNna7n p iv,t:iy 'n 
'"1 pn^nn' p rvpn • 'i inj p n'p?n p 
pm* ♦:iN*a p 7nj;sc^» n:pn p n^iin: 



1^' 



pDn nss {y.'N n-iin» p 'dv -i 'j-nnn p 
SW in '7N'^!:ji p"i n'pDom p 'dv 'n 
♦Jin navDn c;»n' p:?,::a^ n n'djh nmn» 
♦NTinj- 'n ' 'NJ'- 'n.Dijpmn 'n Sjj;,^ \ 
"^Q-D iy»N >jn3Tn n i^vi^ tr'N djj'djn ' 
■JNiDe^in:)* 'n nji't'ss dd'Sn.'i n:>:n . 



Simeon Mitfpbita. i^ Choni Hammeaggel. 20 R. 

Hyrcanus. 21 R.Jannai. 22 R. Nahurai. 23 Aniigonus vir e ^^c^. 24 R. Chilpheta virde vico 

Chaninah, 2^R, Elitus y\x di^ Jabneh. 26 K.' Jonathan, zy Samttel Parvus. F.Bagbagi. 29 

a F.Ha 



P R r A M OS IS. 



47 



K33 "ioi3p. ja nnDr n'JDD p Sixty K3n 
p f^nv '-bv un 7Kj;,!2'vi'» 'n KDin p 



F. ^<t i7<^, 30 Elihueim f. Hakkafi. 31 C/&««fl- 
iw?^/ yEgyptius. 32 R. 5m^o« f, " ' 
Aba Saul f. Batnith. 



Manafia, 3 3 
34 Zachariah f. Kahutari. 
35 Baba f. 5a/^. 36 R. 7/5«^^/ f. R. Juchamnl 
i.Baruka. o^'jy.Afmaeli.Jofi. Sed nee curs 
nobis fiiit hos juxta ferlem aetatum ipforum recen- 
fere. Summa ergo Sapientum quorum mentio eft 
in Mijhna eft centum viginti odo, cum duobus 



quern non accenfuimus coetui ifti fandlo ob hifto- 
riam de eo notam, & Menachem focius Shammai, 
quem etiam omifimus cum non occurrat omnino 
in Mijhna diftum aliquod ipfius quod affine fit 
didis quas ibi habentur. 

SeSiio tertia, De Genealogiis Sapientum Mijhni- 
corum notis. Ejufmodi funt, Rabban Gamaliel f. 
R. Juda principis. R. Juda princeps f. Rabban 
Gamalielis^ f. Rabban Simeonis, f. Rabban Gama- 



I . J — -». — •*• 1 ^^«A«i.A vv^wvyj VULXi Vl.V4Vyi^l*»» 

KOnnS-i ;^p1 pnX r^'X") n^p n35y07« aliis quorum incidit mentio, qui fimt Elijha alius, 

DniQi nnnn p nn*^ j^q^ rnnxDbx 
rh "iK NiT'K my; o"?! \Noty 2nN':f 
'Sn fi,-:*i:o njp dkSd n^tyoSK »3 n':' p> 
n^NnSx '^vflS}* □jj^d'^k p n^a ppi xrj 

N'lyjn nmn'. '"iSsy un Sn'Soj pi "jSi |o 
pn Dj^ "^ji'^Qj pn pN N'E^jn n"nn» 'm 

pN pl^Otyp") pN^ N'SOJ p"l pKp^rOt:^ /zW^fenioris, f. i?a^^tf« Simeonis, f. Hillelis pnnci 

pN p;?2ty p-1 jiN ipn Si^'Soj pS ' ' " "" ' " ' " ' ' '" " '" 
in p Sc2'2N p .n»Qp;y 'i3 |o in 

DHiK IK3 np n'ODH flr^oSK xSlNHa 

Dn:i SnpD nJ^i-iK pnjai in Sdj p 

Tvha .^Sk p'T:;.n pyoc^ a»jnD Dnjoi 
ijr nSp n^n'S xn'73 fi'N'n^J? i;!nr\ 
Skid"*? -|n-nm npy'S y^ti'^n "nv Sii 
mrj^'? n'a*;; ini nnrj; p nrJrS^? 'm 
♦HN* ]i;?a2^n D"iS;;o'?i< im noy p;^0K;i 
pD nj';n 'ii nios? p io^Sk 'm nnr^r 
n:iS;?oSN . im n^DK p;^our '-ii miDn 
»3N'3 p ':'N;7Qt:^n pon p pj^oa; '13 
tjovi 'ND? jD pnv pii bnj jnD pmn 
'j'^in'Sx pano 'ni pDn ^dv 'm nryv p 
p onnpni nvon huD^n «]pn ja 
maiN Ko '5 onS nniy* nbi Snw» 
rrivf<ro '3 r3Ni7N ^yaSK 20: 
won ni pnvn p^^oc^ rpnS aniQ^n 
KDH '"I nov '^KDi |nvN)rno Dionn p 
SnN) na'pj^, -I prh ^m d^dih 



pis, qui eft Hillel Babilonicus, ad quem feftas fua3 
driginem refert pofteriorum Sapientum coetus, 
qui appellantur Dotnus Hillelis. Fuitque Hillel hie 
e filiis Shepatia f. Abitalis f. Davidis : De his er- 
go feptem fapientibus conftat fuifle ipfos e ftirpe 
Davidis. Et funt ex ipfis quatuor e fynagoga 
profely torum ; nempe Shemaiyah, & Abtalion, & 
R. Akiba^ & R. Meir &c ex illis facerdotes, [fc] 
Simeon juftus, cui primario accepta fertur traditio 
tota, ut ita confirmetur diftum Dei Omnip. gl. 
Docebunt judicia tua Jacobum £s? Ifraelem legem 
tuam, & R. Eleazar {.Azari^e, c^m decimus eft ab 
Ezra ; & Simeon patruus ejus, qui notus eft [no- 
mine] Simeonis fiatris Azari^, & R. Eleazar f. 
Shemua ; & R. Chananidb vicarius facerdotum ; 
& R. Simeon filius ejus, qui appellatur R. Simeon 
filius Ha£'agon ; & Ifmael f. Phiabii ; & Juchanan 
Sac. Maximus; & Rabban Juchanan f, Zacchai ; 
& Jcfeph f. Toazeris ; & R. ^o/? facerdos ; & R. 
Tarphon Elihoini f. Hakkaph, Chanameel Mgypti- 
us. Reliqui axxttm. Ifraelita funt, fed, in quan- 
tum memini, ignota €;ft ipforum genealogia. ■"%■ 
Se£tio quarta. De Syncronifmis quorundam ea 
ipfis. Simeon 'yAv& & R. Dofa f. Hircani^ cuy- 
;;(^fQvoi erant j ac diu vixit R. Dofa f. Hircani, adeo 
ut attingeret R. Akibam & (rvyx^^yt ejus. Atque 
haec eft claflis prima. Secunda Claflis, Antigo- 



-hp3t37K1 '71N7N rip2t37N ♦."! mni nnvj; nus VirSoco, & R.£/f^zflrfil. Charfumi. Ter- 

p -if;^SN 'ni iDiiy 2^♦^^ DiJt'toJN fi^JKii'^K ■'- ^'-'^- ^^ " ^-—-■■- --- '^--^ - *'- '^-'• 

ty^K n?j;v p 'DV rinS^nSK ripaaSNi Dionn 

npsoSxT nStym* it'n pnv p 'dvi mnv 

rrmapytyim rrnnop pm' ni^iNn'^K 

»iin rlDOKjiSx npDoSNi 'Sanxn 'NMii 

♦KncD p nnnn ^t^ p 'i'yirr'^Ni 7j;;on 

n'Dpi^nonXDSK rTp3D'7Nl Vm X^X^Vry:^'^ Chanan, & Admon..QW\% feptima^ Shammai, & 

Kl^N'O 'm P'Sd^NI nyatyi 7K77nD p miel, & Menachem, & y«^«/?' f. 5«/<>^, & R. 

♦i<.t:ir riy^NoSK npn^^NI paiNI pm P^/^j, & R. juchanan fil. 5^^%?, & Cbana- 

DN*35 '")') m'r>3 p rmn'T DIUDI '^Sni »^«>& fil- Uezekla fil. Garonis, & Chananiah, fil. 

P npTTl p n^Jjm J3JI3 P nnV 'll Hakkan^, & 5«^^ fil. 5«/4?, & R. Juchanan fil. 

'11 ^£313 p K331 njpn p n'Jim plj Hachorani, 8^ Rabban Gamaliel (emx^S^^N^^^^ 

■ • ' Libelknus. Ha: feptem Clafles fuerupt fub Tem- 



tia Claflis, Jo/i fil. Joazeris vir Zeredce, & J^ 
fil. Juchanan vir Jerufalemi. Quarta, Juchanan 
fil. Mat at hi te, & yo/«<? fil. Perachia, & Nathai 
Arbelita. Quinta claflis, Ci^ow/ Hammeaggel, & 
Elihoini f. Hakkafi, & Ja^a fil. Tabbai, & Simeon 
fil. Setahi. Sexta claflis, Akabiah fil. MahaleeliSy 
& Shemaiyah, & Abtalion, & R. Meafija, & 



Dimi iprn '^{{'SoMsni 'junn p nnv Libeiianus hs • /;,„ „p 

«rt »^<iv.U )-lv»-^^^/^ »L«U« -1^-,^ -.^>^U-l P^o fccundo ab mitio ufque ad finem ipfius, ne 

'fl n3X3 n^93D pO^lJ mm 1^3'7n ^^^ ^^^j^j^^ -^^ viderunt; at claflis qu^ has 

NlinKty' Dbl m3f« 'Sn riSiN rO '^2; no ?ecuta eft, qua Vidit excidium eft, R. Eliezer fil. 

'n7KnimV3»n7Krip3C37KKOi<1pin7N y^^^^/, R.Zadok, R. Eleazar filius ejus, Rab- 

3py' p -|?;;'7N '1 ♦nS rnnnSx mni^iy tan juchanan U.Zacch^i, & difcipuli ipfius, & R. 

p pnv pn nJ3N nT;^W 'm pn:; 'ni i/w^^^ f- -£^^^'«' Sacerdos fummus, Se Aba Sauk 



, <,»;..w,.. 



pn:; 11 



^ 



48 



PORTA M S t S. 



& K.EleazarHafmodai, & R. Chananiab Vi- jna ^hii \2 Sn^OC?* '"I^ in'S^m 'tOT 

carius Sacerdotum, & Rabban Gamaliel, & R. 5/- ''y\ »;r"nDn ">rj;7wy 'll 7'lKtt' J<3N1 ShJ 

tneon filius ipfius, & R. Chaninab filius Antigoni, p^^^^ '-^^ Sk'^DJ f^ni O'jnDn pD rPiJn 

& R. Chaninab f. Do/>, & R. Chaninab fil. 7j- .^ n^'in 'll DiJOJN ID nyJH '^ lin 

tionis, "- " -' ''" ""- '=' ° 

& 




Azaria, R. i^<J^/, R. J?/"** fi'- Karcha, Ghana 
nta vir ex 0»o. Simeon fil. Naneft, Juchanan fil. 
Baruka. R. 7/waf/ fil. ejus, R. Juchanan fil. G«</- 
^W^, R. Eleazar Chafma, R. Judabfil. Tema. 

Claflis tertia. R. M«>, R. Jw^^J-t, R. 7«/^, R. 
Nathan, R. Juchanan HaJJandalar, R. 7?/? Ga//- 
/<f«j, R. Eleazar fil. ipfius, R. Eleazar fil. ^i'lf- 
wa^, Simeon fil. yfea/V, 5/»«o» filius Zom^t R. 
Chutzphith Interpres. 

Claflis quarta. Rab. 7«i^^ Princeps, Rabban 
Gamaliel, Rabban Simeon fil. ipfius, R, Simeon 
Juchai, R. Eleazar fil. ipfius, Rab. Simeon, i\ 



liiN c^'K n'J3m nmp p ;;e'in» m 

'ii rnn:i p ijnv '-n ijn Si^j^aK;* 
npaoSxi No»n p min* 'm t<0Dn *ir;rSN 

'"1") ♦^'Sjn 'Dv 'ni nTTion tJm» 'ni tnj 'm 

min* '1 rt^aNi7K npno'^Ni iDi-nnrt 
rpi2N |i;;Diy '"ii Sk'^^oj pm >i.'mTy 



Eleazari, Rab. Ifmael ii\. jojis, 'R.ih. Jonathan, ^ ,- , ., 

atquehaec ultima eft SapientumM(/«;VorK»j Claflis. ''y\ tp^,» '-^^ SkVOC^' "11 *1TJ?7N p pVDC^ 

Seftio quinte. I)^ m ?«^J rW^r fo^ »o/a«» c/?, nNp3D.-lDK 'H ripaD^N rrim ffUV 

fe invicem habuijje ut DtfctpuJum y Praceptorem. ,g DOKJi^N "^i'a^vS :n3SyO »03n 

Jam initio fermonis noftri diximus Rabbenu Hak- . ^_»,^ «-,-.<,« ^v.««w»^*v»s -.«h>Ui..C» 

L?^ M>«^^ compilatorem fuifle Difcipulum »^^ ^^n:! OHiO nNnDx"7K1 TD^fl'^N 

patris fiii, eodemque modo ex avis ipfius fiiios 
difcipulos fuifle patrum fiiorum ufque ad Hillelem, 
ufque ad Simeonem juftum, uti memoravimus ; fi- 
militer Rabban Juchanan filius Zaccai difcipulus 
fuit Hillelis, & difcipuli Rabban Juchanani, filii 



?K K30{<'?D my '«3 NiDip ipi TnCT 
DK7D7K nn'S;; mK"ijN (onSiSx "iVisi 



Zaccai, fiierunt quinque, fcil. Rab. Eliezer, filius jji-i-jt |;3>^ -i»Q}i';jfn '^'jn TdSh 'NDf p 

<v ,-.,... ^,„. . Dupmn p "iry'^K '") fiDOD 'Ksr p 
'11 ni'jn pj;nrr '-n mns TintroSK 

nioSnSx 'a nnty nod ^i^^ o^i;;n 
'"11 amoN7n -iDNSm Dnno^Sm an 
ini Diapiin id -i^»7n 'n tdSh hdw 

tamen ejus praecejjtor non fuit, fed focius. Mag- ^'S njD7 flfinD 'T '7i; flxnp V^^D HD^pV 
num interim honorem detulit Rab. .^>^/^a, Rab ^-.-.^ '- . — -^. l^ t_L _ _^'f 



Hircani nota; famae Vir, Rab. Jofuab fil. Chanime, 
Rab. 75/? Sacerdos, Rab. Simeon fil. Nathanielis, 
& Rab, Eleazar, filius y^raa ; Atque hie eft coe- 
tus quibus annuntiata eft vita futura, (prout e 
Talmude notum eft) ipfis fc. cum difcipulis fuis, 
& difcipulorum difcipulis. Rab. Akiba item fuit 
difcipulus Rab. Eliezeris fil. Hyrcani. Fuit is 
fcil. praeceptor ejus praecipuus. Legerat etiam ali- 
quid Rab. Akiba ifte apud Rab. 'Tarphonem, qui 



HD'pr "I iNDi ^Dn^Jy '?d 'nS' i.>'nDj<D 
na7D '^ 

imas me ' r^ ■ y "t r • • — i'.*- ■; — r^'i " "|' 
proferre'coram te aliquid ex iis guffi^me docuifti, r20JJnn07{y HOO "IDT 1»>D^ noi^ ♦JttDn 



iTarphoni, vocabatque ipfum Rabbi, ciim Rab. ,,-,41 '«, ,»\.,^ '-, -,l,'C»-.« «>,^.« '-. '-Z.v1II 
g'^^.w vocaret ipfum [fimpliciter] Akiba. Sole- [!?2^.2 S?Ll'Z.7V'\n5^^ ^ ^COj;* 
bat infuper Rab. Akiba dicere. Rabbi, finas me 



HDpy 'n Tb hi(p "Tpi HD'p;? nDpy nS Sip* 

^^.v...... ww.«... .. «..4u.^ .^ .« 4u^ xu. uucunt., T^o 'jn-ToSty noo -idt -|»>dS -loiS ♦jenn 

[prout] dedaratum eft in Sifra. Et Rab. M«r, & nrt37n 'NHV p pJ?OB; 'm TKO "11 NISD ♦U 

Rab. Simeon B.Jochai fuerunt difcipuli Rah.Aki- nJKDVnDObK t>JOrnKnDK im HD'pj; T 

^rf V is enim praeceptor eorum praecipuus erat. Di- 'Sj^l ^K^Qfi^' "1 'Sj^ nX^p yHD '"^7 

dicerat enim R. Meir a Rabbi i/w^^/^ aliifque. ntJ^Sf* '"1 % Nip rmn> '-|1 t><yN mu 

Rab. 7«^ftuduit apud Rab. £Wr«;» fil. ^z^- j^qC^^^ j-,5qC,j^' mNflDN IHl nnw p 

r;^, atque IS praeceptor ejus pnecipuus fuit. Ubi- '-, rnv^f^ n"l^h ♦'i-^ -1VM♦^^^» i-i -»U 

cunque autem^^legeris in V«« r". { ^S.a, nomi- I^ °\^^u;iV?^^^^^ JZX^S n^S 

mine Rab. T8J^«v©', fcias ilium hujus difcipulum "^^^^^l^, l^^l nT0"7n HiN O'^VK ♦:i'?D 

ftzifle, ideoque ipfi acceptam tuliflS [fententiam.] ^^^^ ^ '"i^, HS'^p lynpH li'DI*? nJNDI 

jR^^^«»a7«i«i&fan(ausautemapudR. £/f.72«r«ff» ONI I'NO "1 Ta7n DIDOIDI ;^102f p 

f. Shemua leftioni operam dedit. Et Samecus dif- "<'N0 S fS^iSi) "T;;D miiT 'l ♦b';^ nX">p7N 

cipulus fuit R. Meiri, cui quod in votis fuit, ut a T'Dn 'i: DIKD'^N SvsSn *]Tr p' oSd 

Rab. 7«^« poft mortem Rab. Meiri difceret, afle- fJ'Tjrn m^rJ ?^*D DHNODN ]!2 DnD07N 

qui non contigit. ^H Di^Dbii 'D "nDioSN OflD IW'Sn '") 

Seftio fexta. Df Declarattone nominum nude ex- p |jnv \T\ ToSn DUpniH fD -|W'S'}* 'T 

prejjorum, plemons expltcattonts grand. K. Ehezer }-, „,,«4, ,^-, ,-, rn^^r, «,.«-,. '-^, ,v»-,. 

itafimpliciterappellatus,cujusmentiofitinAf^««, ^l,^f i"!^ '?? ,1^,^? ,i^^'^l ^V^^^ 

eftR.kv2.rArH;r.««/,i.7«c^««««/fil.zl..^;- ™ ^VNDr P tW fDI TO^H nj'Jn 

difcipulus. EtR.Jofua fimpliciter, eft R. Jofua f. '^^^^ "^^ ^^^' "> 1'"' "^IDiO^N Ono 

C^«»/»*diicip. R.Juchanan f.Zacaei, & K,Judah cujus fimpliciter mentio fit, R. 7«^tfi> filius El 

■■: - 2 ^/^ 



P R t A M S t S. 



49 



nxSulNi *11oSnSj< 'S S^p* njj; ''^b'^* ^"» '^e q"^ '" Talmude indefinite diaum eft, 
niHE^a^N nODNl im nnK n^Onn na^r^ FaSlum pa cujufdam, atque illud nomen ejus 

^n;S>< 'n in nno pr;;SN* '-n □.■nj;? apudipfosnotumeft: EtR.^,Wfimpiidte^^ 

LI L . .— Lir.v...^Uv» .-.^Cv. .««... .C R- Eleaxar fAms Shemtii Sacerdot. qui o-uvypqv©' 
SN'^^aj p-lb nSNTO^N ip^N S^^OVp ^^^, ^ GamalieUs, apud quern cum defSaS 
tynpn i:0-l TTV riNnp^K □«-» n^^ legere i2«^^^«« fandlus, ndn fiverunt eum difci- 
TJ Tn)J np' mQN7n mD")n' D7D puli ipfius nlfi pamm quid legere. R. 5/&/»2fc>« 
nX'J37« ♦JD nlS'iO^N P^rOty 'ni TD* fimpliciter in Mijhna commemoratus eft, R. Sbi- 
S TD^n 'NnV p pj;Ot^ '"1 in OnO mean fil. Juchait, difcip. Rabbi y/^z^^, ob illud 
nrj^Sx 'n "iD'p j;0 rrOJI "nnty07K na'pj; quod ipfi cum C^fare intervenerlt Celebris: R. 
J^DIT Vy\ 'KW \y\ n33N in pj^rjU? '"13 Ekazar Ben. R. 5/;»^ck eft filius ipfius ; & Ben 
' ' Azaii & 5f« Zoma, & 5^k Naneji funt illi, Simeon 

fil. Azaii, & Simeon fil. Zoma, & Simeon fil. iV<?- 
neJi;Ben Batira eft, R. Jofuah f. Batir^; & 5f« 
Bagbagi, K.Jucbanan ii\.Bagbagi ; ScJuchananSn- 
cerdos maximus eft, Juchanan f. Matathiie cele- 

. .-,- -. - r _ -^-. bris, cujus itientio fit irl precibus in Hiftoria vic- 

'■n -I'N.!: 'n P^n t^DI p' »37Dn "lSb7i^ torlae in Reges Gr<^«>. Cum autem voluifl"ent 
lj;npmyam^NlSK»70:ipn 7KJDK(n: R. M?/r, & R. Nathan ad pudorem redigere 
pi t^^OiTTJ^DNi) nSin ^1t3* 'liil vj? Rabban Gamalielem patrem Rabbenu Hakkadofo 
'■nn (KD NO *13;?1 ndSjD TD Sj<**70J ^" ""^ 1"^P longum effet narrare, ipfos a confeflu 



p p);otyi 'Nty p p;;oB'' on d^j \y\ 
'SV\r\'> 'n in ^n'n3 pi d33 p p;;oiyi Koir 
J3JD p pnv '1 in ja:o t3i n-i'm p 
n^nriD p lanr in '^inj ina pnvi 



|n: '*» tJ^ n'ln iki poiN onnx Sp 
nit!?obK 'D nSip mon inoiN ty» Vp 

tD'Jin onSipi I'NO '-» ma nn'pj; 'p 
liyoa; '"1 DKiN riDOD ont) a»03n ':37 
p p;^'!:e^ '11 Noii p \v^^ '"I* 'Nfj? lii 
^DDH' TNQ '11 liiN ly'N n»jjm pm Dii 
ncDNi nnNi ♦j)?o'7i<i 'N'Tin: 'id m^'h 



fuo amovit: quare ciim ab alterutro ipforum fen- 
tentia aliqua referatur, fi R. Meiro accepta feren- 
da fit, dicitur, Alii dicunt ; quod fi R, Nathaniy 
dicitur. Sunt qui diaint. Verum quod dicit in 
Mifna, Nomine R. IJhmaeUs dixit Difcipulus qui- 
dam coram Rab. Akibd, [intelligehdum] eft de R. 
Meir. Quod autem dicunt, Judica'ntes coram Sa- 
pientibus, fijnt ifti quinque viri, fell. R. Simeon 
fil. Azai; R. Simeon fil. Zom^, R. Simeon fil. 
Naneji, Chanan, & Chananiah vir Ono. R. Meir, 



Tm&>ia 'a nSip KOK n'Om 'n h)iihii alias appellaturR.Ar«^«r^/, (quorum utriufquei- 



nn 'pb' ipi onNDDx rionpnoSN 
pioSn^K 'a p' j>Jo I'liDi n73 iinarK 
*-?:;3' NOiNi 'Ji7a '1 o^oin ;no Sipn 



dem eft fignificatus,) nomen autem ejus primario 
fuit R. Nehemiah. Ciim autem in Mijhna dicit, 
Sapientes; aliquando hoc titulo defignatur unus 
tantum eorum quorum noinina prasceflerunt, alias 

., _ — , . autem totus ccEtus ; ita frequenter in Tiz/waii? ex- 

^iliDK 1p |'Tin3 t"1N*1 TJI NiJ< "]7i plicationis gratia dicit, ^uinamfunt Sapientes ijli? 
*lSi ^ns* |1D^a DShSk "ITi ^1p5 R-oefetva. Hoc autem facit, quandb invenerit 
1X3 TNI O*03n n'DD* PTflD ^niD^K multos quod ab ifto Sapiente didum fuerit am- 
nOI 'KQjy fV3 nbp 5<0N1 inKlS aiOia P'^''^^ ^^^' ideoque cum multi fiierint qui eam 
nniOD rhiNSN rlD'NDSx nn Tl'SSSn ff.^"^"!"'' f^'^ff^^*"' Sapientes mdig,tat, Iket 
A., LL_ -,-».^^ i!N.^v»Cv» i4s«)L>i./NC>v»> .v.»^..« "le cui accepta fertur unus fit. Ubi autem dicit, 
IN ^^n DmOJ rflDN'7K nS'NCS'^NI 'NOB^ ^^^^^ Shamm^i, ^ Domus Hillelis, innuit ccetum 
in 11 nnO 7nK on |'Dty7N 1'0^<'7n q^j ^^a;^^^^/ & mielis fententiam ampleduntur, 
D1ND7N N'51'jn m]n» 1 ini lyilpn U'^l cum difcipuli alicujus domeftici ipfius [habeantur.] 
n'HI nitrobV p107K ini |prn S7n p Rabbi autem eft Rabbenu Hakkadojh : eftque ille 
HD^n ins nQN3 niC^oSK '3 Slp» KD R. 7«^«^ pnnceps, fextus ab Hiilele fene. Author 
^<{0 ma nX'O ono t*tON 'J*D0 ne^oS Mijhna. Ublcunque autem dicit in Miflma, Re- 
□n^bi 'inONI 1inOJ7K ♦NI n»'7;ir3;p1 i'^^«, eft conftitutioA%?jre5/««; ubi fimpliciter 




— - — _ .,, ' u L L "'^^J uique 

Dn"7^p':;;0 in pni I^NO 1 71p7N n''?^ ^^^^-^ explicavimus. Proximus autem Kabbalijia- 

npnO Vi^3 K7K 1'NO 1^ nJE^O ono raw, cm acceptum fertur didtumlUud, eft R.Af^Vi 

flJi7D7X n»^j;i mm 1'{<0 '17 p3n Ipa atque hoc eft quod volunt cum dicant, Mijhnah 

llO^nSxi 1'NO '1 1»J1 liX piy? \'\'2r\ 1K abfolute pofitum eft R.Meir, nifi in quibufdam 

''^J^ PD^nSx ?ni J<3^t3p U^^l Xn^O* locis abfolute pofitis, quae [exhibent fententiam] 

n:?yoSN rr j to naVn Sd '3 "n \D aniO ^- ^"^ ^°'^"^' ^" ^"^ ^^ ^° difcrepatur, aut [fen- 

iVIj'^Ji ^f^n to 'Qnm tentjam] alius a R.Meir; qus explicat r^/- 

' mud. Cumque nos lententias decilun limus 

ex ejus mente, cujus obtinet fententia, in fin- 

gulis per totam Mijhnam, confuetudinibus quantum tibi quod ad hoc propofitum fufficiat ha- 

biturus es. i 

Vol. I. N Seftio 



50 P R 'T A M S I S. 




Uti praemifimus, centum viginti o<fto) in tres gra- NSD HDp DHI iIJE^d'^N 'S "IDT j'iS'?}* 

du9. Cum quis apud ipfum in magno honore mj]; jND }QQ 371100 tht\ NJOTp 

fuerit, atque omnium fupremus, ilium nomine fuo npDJ\3 ilXOD }»»Sp ^^X 'S {<ij O'jVO 

apoellat. ex. grat. Z////^/, Sbammaus, Sbemaiab, lyh^^^^'^ H'^rOtt^l n'K.Ori "^Sh hSiD IHi 

yf^/«/;<j;,, quod magn.tudinis .pforum [md.cium] ^^^^^ ^^ p ^,L, ^ o^^ja^LJ ^l^ 

eft, cum non potuent repenn bpitheton aliquod v«i,„Uv» ,,*, ..iU «».-.-, ^_- ^^'*" i-^' 

qu^ fema ipfomm illuftrior redderetur, uti neque ^JL'^T ^^ P ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ PP 

Prophets Epitheto aliquo celebrantur. At qui nDmO^X mn {H Tyi^jJ DH X^T}^^ 

apud ipfum gradu his inferiori fuerint, illos ap- P"'"' vN'^DJ pn n71p . im pID DHOD* 

pellat Rabban, ut cum dicit, Rabban Gamaliel, Hin JH mjjr CH JH^Nl 'NDt p pnv 

& Rabban Jucbanan fil. Zdff^/. Qui his deni- TND 'l H'jlp im n^ DrTJ3» nimoSi^ 

que gradu inferiores, audiunt apud ipfum Rabbi, h3m07j< niH ^ni< »JD'l rniiT T) 

ut cum dixit, R. Meir, R.JuJa. Appellat e- -p) ^<|f}£r {sON hSiD "^rVS XaK^ 5><3f'K 

tiameosqut hoc gradu funt^-J«, ut cum diet, ^Sp in: NHODn 0^0 rt^JD^K tODD* 

^^W;aliquandotamenidtroomjttituripforum ^^^^^^ L, I 

titulus, veluti cum dicit, Simeon frater Azarta, ^,_. _ -^-,^,^I^„^ «^.:^« .1 .'u -I 

& £/.^z^r vir BartuU. Omnes autem illi quos P*^ 1° DnNODJO aHNCD p nV,0J3 

honoris gratia nominibus fuis appellavit, hi funt, P'"'^''"' P^^^t^ X7\Sn OH a'b;?n7K 

Simeon Jujlus, Antigonus, vir Soco, Jofi f. Joe- P 'DV 1U;V p 'DV 1312^ C?'N DJJ'DJ:* 

2^;V, Joft f. Jucbanan, Jucbanan Sacerdos JTrnj] p ^Ttyin* '^"nj |nD pm> pm» 

Summ : 7<2^« f. Feracbia, Natbaus Arbelita, p *J»;?in»7K Sj)70n 'Jirt 'SlINn 'KrU 

Honi Hammaggel, Eliboini i. Hakkapbi, Ghana- j^jrOty 'KDD p miH' nVQn SnoJII tlpn 

wf^/ jEgyptius, Juda fil. Ta^^^/, 5/w^c« fil. Se- p»':jt33xi H'^aiy '^nSSho p H'Dpr nCDiy D 

/«^/, yf^^^;^-?' films Mabaleelis,Sematab, Abta- ^Lj^L,^^ ^^p^j, ,^^^^ L,L,», » ^^^ < 

//o», Chanan, Admon, Htllel, Sbammai, Nabum ^^m-.^ .-, „^^, „»., ._ -„^,J ,^ -..,L«, 

Hallablar, Hananiab f. Hezeki^, f. G^r.«V, S?2V«^ SJI^P,- ''"■^^ ^^^ 

Babam. Buu: fi quos autem prater hos nomi- ^^^^^ P^ nODXa-nDlD mn p ^31 

nibus fuis indigitatos reperies, Epitheta a no- ""I^DK 10 n'N:D7N DpOH WOJND 
minibus ipforum uUto feparata efle [fcias.] . , : ^Q^{D^ 

Seftio oftava. De Defcriptione ipforum refpeSu 'IK'^D?? DiirDDi '3 |0Kn7{< Si'S'^J^ 

habitoadpatriam,artes,perfonas,tribus.^^tm.- irht2ii S'N3p^N"J ]^KX'N7K1 i^'NJX^KI 




dicit, iVi.£.Lk;//.^/.r[/.LibWius,]&R.5;>«..« J^^^S ^n? n rSVXl'. 'T^ ^ 

l/^i^^m-, alii, quos a patria,ut cum dicit, vir //«- ^^^^^ ^^^^ P °™01 *^1«^7 Pi^Oi^ 

M vir 0«.,vir\r/«/i[oriundus,] at cum dicit, «^''^^ ^^^J* t^^'^^l "''"^ t^'K nbip mi 

vir Z^rf^^, vir 7^r«/«/m;,aliorumvelocorum, hoc t^^'f^l •"H-IV S:;»K n71p 'J;^01 n/limi 

innuit fuifle ipfum dodtiflimum atque celeberrimum P7Ni^ HJK ^^VKIO'^K tO. NOiTTJl p^my 

e loci illius [incolis,] ac fi diceret Perfonam iftam e ^Tl |N 7ip* n:N3 nS'^^JI yin07i< 'i'ti 

loci iftius incolis, merito appellari Firum ; alii quos np'pPl'^ND J^VIoSk "ITI '^HJ^ |0 l*3iy'7J< 

a nomine patris,velfratris,utciim dicit, R.N.f.R. CDDii2 r~l37j;» fO OnJOl l^'N ^norv 

N.autR.N. frater R.N.quodfepeoccurritjaliide- ,j,i^3 '^^ ,^^1^3 '^ ,^L,p ,p,^ -,,^j^ ^j^, ^ 

niquequosatnbufim,utcumdic.t,.c/^«vaSacerdos. ^^j^^, ^,^^ nSll Jl'^S OX 'il'^S '") ^ 

Seftio nona. D^ ilhs inter quos in plerifque ac- .^^^ ,,., ^ Ll.,« .». Ju - ^ 

«w// ^i/?r.;.^«//«. :J23n 'Ji\n'7ip im n>3pansj;r to 

Illi, quos invenies in Mi/hna in plerifque inter V^^^ (i^^X^pH 'D J^DXn'JN ^Vabx 

fe difcrepare, funt, K.Meir, R.Juda, R.Simeon, ^«9^^ in3N7X ♦& flX'^nilN^N* ;rp» DnJO 

& R. Jq/i, inter utrumvis horum par, imo & in- flN'7ni)K7N On^a ITi yibbi< yai&ihii 

ter fingulos quatuor, difcrepantiam reperies. R. '"> OnO "I0N*7K iriDN »S nit^oSx ♦£) 

Eleazarem etiam reperies ab unoquoque ipforum K71Nn 'DV "11 |1J?0C^ "11 miri' 11 "I'KO 

difcrepare, verum rarius quam ipfi inter fe difcre- pjpj^. ^^ p^ q^^/i^j^Sx "IJn nir3"IK^X 

pent Similiter R. Akibam, & R. £//«.rm & ^j^C,j^ '^^ j^v,j^ Dnnj;anK TOl NOHJO 

R.Jofuam, reperies unumquemque a caetens dif- l_- „^ ^lv»^f^^v,Cwt -^C ^;J 1— ^ . \ Z. 

fentire, nee non fingulos t?es invicem, rarius ta- ^X^^ ,jt ^^^l^^J"^ T ^^f'^^* 

ttien quam prsdidos quatuor. Reperies etiam r^'P** P~^ JTr3"IN7N N7lNn |p "FnXl 

difl?-erentiam inter R. ><f^/^^/», R. .^»Mf/«», R. T"'21 rtt'2"IN'?N p J^p^{l'7^C fl^J'7nDN'?^{ 

Tarphonem & R. Eleazarum f. yfz«n>, fed mi- "IJH ^^t^in' '"11 -|y;^K 'll n^'py '"I 

norem difcrepantia prasdifta. Proximi his in dif- ('31 QilJO "IIINI ^3 (»3 f)^<Sn3NS^< 

crepando funt Domus Sbammai, & Domus H//- f]N7n3X jO bpH il^d"?") ^TH QnnnNl^n 

lelis ; poft hos autem Rabban Gamaliel, aut Rab- t]N7n3N'7K "tJTll p"IpnoS}< r!r3"INS»^ 

ban Simeon, f. Gamalielis, aut i?fl^^z cum uno- p^-^j^ '-,^ ^N^J^OJ^ '"11 n3p]; '") JO KV'K 

%xou? n'3 fiKSn3x'?K '3 dh'Ski D-ipnoSx f]j<'7n3N'7K JO "^pN* pS nnrj^ p -i?j;^n '-ii 
nnxi Ss yo 'n ik "^n'*?©: p jiyoK? p"i i{< Sn'Soj i3-i qx'i'nj.^'^K '3 dh'Sni S*?."! n'3i 



PORTA M S r S. 



avo^n^N ^^S^N^ n"inD'?Ni .n'p'^N 'is 
JO pnjo Ki'7V3 t>i03 nj^^oS*? p^iniSk 
'n Sno nTn3 nN'Nin noDNii njiin 

KibNp NC3 Dp;^' p "»ti?»Sk '-I 7no ht'^p 
♦jp' pJT 3p 3pr^ jn -iri;»S« 'n "^e^ in:iyo 
riinD rinn-n khd 71o;?o) rbb\> mhjk 
♦3 Njnjn jsio 'Sj; t^tnnSpi onnN\sm 
DnaN^DDN nnnD \n Nnn Snp nSx Sva'7K 
'£3 nS r-i2nn a*? p onjoi nnSpi 
oSi topa rinnNi .iwi -I'j njiroSK 

CNDHN p »ty '3 tDDX .17 niDn' 

aim }*VDiy pnSni fioorn am fij^ntySK 
nt\ Dpa nxa rooa 'fl Ntyx'o 'nnSnSn 

'mSiN t^t^inn jd 'dv '"ii 'N^Dn p n»Jini 
p «DV 'm Koon 7T);'7{< 'm ops d'n^^d *a 
'3 n'Si'n 'ni Dps nioinn '3 D'^iiyo 
nnim3 it'k mm' p nrj^^K '71 n^jrou^ 
Qinj Dp3 rhy '3 Nan nsDu^'N 'NriDm 
'Nnon '71 'KySx '71 t:p3 nac; '3 non 
pon p pj;dc^ '71 :3p3 pn;; '3 ♦!<:♦ '73 
'K3t3 p n7in7 {3p3 D'Spiy '3 naiD pi 
p 'DV1 7tj;v p 'Dvi ncDE^ t3 ]i];o{yi 
'3 n'm3 p ;;snn'i 'SK37Nn 'jtnJi pnv 
ty'N n'an:i ♦:o'nn p];oiri Dp3 njiun 
Sc^ liD 7J3;'7K '71 Dps niopy3 ♦bn n'3 
'3 DiJp7in p ;^tyin' '7i hhT\ 'dv 't 
Dp3 nxy'vo '3 ♦Saan ;?n' Dps nDiiy 
'71 Dps mj;ise^ 'S min* p p;?oiy '7 
r'N |n:7K p n'jin: '71 n7'ro. jd pj^Niy 
7nn ty»N o'p»'7i |non »Dv'7vS23n 7Sd 
jU'otyi Dps nvT^r '3 'NiJD p anjoi 

'71 Dps D'HST '3 'JIH p 'DV1 nntj; 'HJi 

3pj;' '71 Dps mion 'S pj^otr '73 7rj;SK 
♦3 ♦SN'S p 7rj;SK 71 Dps □'j;jj 'S 
p pijy* p pnr '71 Dps m7nD noDo 
^«71N^s Dps DH' '3 nsp;; '7^5^ vpn 
inNiS D'S p7nj7oS{< dhSd pKj«yi<SN 
. ri'Nn 7'j njtyo'^N d^shk r'oj 'sanjo 
7pi t<:77n 'n^K khdopSk 'S rnnNi 
nonpns n:\s7 iSn n^^N ah Sdd 
:t<:Dir KosmiySN 'S p7iiK |N^k pJi 

fum eft nobis prsemittere. Pergimus jam 



n72^ 



■|i 



quoque e prasdiftis ; atqiie inter has perfonas dif- 
crepantia eft in maxima Mtjhna parte, paucis 
tantum exceptis. 

Sedio decima. Be partitiotte fententiarum ab 
ipfis tr adit arum fecundiim raritatem (3 frequen- 
tiam. Sapientum iftorum, quibus acceptae ferun- 
tur fententias in Mijhna eo modo quo [illos] par- 
titi fumus, alii funt quorum nomine multas refe- 
runtur fententiae, veluti K. Meir^ & R.Judab: 
alii quorum nomine paucs traditas perhibentur, 
veluti R. Eliezer f. yacol>i^ uti dixerunt Mijhna 
R. Eliezeris fil. Jacobi eft cabus & purus i. e. pa- 
rum quid, at quod in ufu. Jam vero gradu3 
multitudinis aut paucitatis fententiarum ab ipfis 
traditarum_ eft juxta frequentiam aut raritatem 
difcrepantiarum [quae ipfis contigerunt] quarum 
Sedtione prascedente meminimus. Suntque ex 
ipfis quorum non recipitur in Mijhna praeter unam 
tantum fententiam, neque alias occurrit nomen 
ipforum in aliquo judicio ad legem fpeftante > qui 
fiant numero triginta o6to : Sal.Nahum Hallablar, 
& Rab. Meajha^ qui memorantur in c. Peah 
tantum, ita ut non alibi repetatur aliquod ipforum 
didtum. Ut & Hananiah fil. Hacinai, & R. Jo- 
ft f. Hachotephi Ephrat^us, in Celaim tantum. R^ 
Eleazar Hafma, & R. Joft fil. Mejhullam^ in 7f- 
rumoth tantum. R. Chotfpit in Shebiit. R. Elea- 
zar fil. Judie vir Bariuia, & Dofithai vir Cafar 
Dema, in Orlah tantum. Nahum Medus, in tradt. 
de Sabbatho tantum, R. Elaaius & R. Dofttheus 
fil. Janai, in trad. Erubin tantum. R. Simeon 
fil. vicarii Sacerdotum, & fil. Cobari, in Shekalim. 
Judah fil. Tabb^i & Simeon fil. Setahi, & Joft fil. 
Joazeris, & Jofi fA.Joannis^ & Nathans Arbeli- 
ta^ & Jofuah fil. Perachia^ in Chagigah tatitiim* 
Simeon ^emanita, & Nehemiah vir 5«V/& Deli, in 
Tebamoth tantum. R. Eliezer fil. R. Jo/? Ga/i- 
/dfz, & R. 7<2^'2 fil. Hyrcani, in 5i;/«/& tantiim. 
Jeduah Babylonius in Metziah tantiim. R. Simeon 
fil. Judie, in Shebuoth tantum. R. Simeon fil. 
Batira, & R. Nechoniah fiJ, £/ Nathanis vir 
C(j/^r Babylonius, & R. Jo/? Sacerdos, & R. 7<2- 
^/w vir Hadid, & Menachem fillus Saganai in £- 
daioth tantum. Simeon frater Azarite, & Jo^ fil. 
i/ow, in Zebachim tantum. R. Eleazar filius R. 
Simeonis, in Temurah tantum. R. J^co^ in JV"^- 
^fl/w tantiim. R. Eleazar filius Phiabi in traft. 
"Taharoth tantum. R. Joannes fil. Jefua, fil. fo- 
ceri R. Akiba, in Tadaim tantum. Ex his jam 
commemoratis alicui non eft in omnibus judiciis 
Mijhna praeter unam fententiam quas ei accepta 
fertur, eaque in eo quem defignavimus tradatu. 
Atque ita ad finem perduftum eft illud quod vi- 
ad explicationem, uti promifimus. 



jr.:;' 



'.kl.t 



5i PORTA MOSIS, 

ExpUcatio Capitis decimi 7^tf(Ji?j/tti Sanhedrin, Authore R. Mose//. Maimonis* 



o 



MNIIfraelita infuturofectdofors </?, >Jf«/ D^^ipS pVn DlS V'> ^^V "n^^^M 

. . diiiumejl, Et pop. tuus omnesjufti in ater- CD'pni; dSd '^'\ 'iS^ K3n .^ 3 ^ 

nutnpqffidebunt terram. Hi tamen ex Jfraelitis viu qj^J^ »,j^^ ^i,j^^ pj^ .,2^, qC,^^:, ^^^ 

atem^ exfortes erunt : ^i negat in vitam revo- p,^^^ „j^ -^^j^^, j^*^,^ ^^^ l^ ^C,^ 

candosejfe mortuos : legem effeac<^lo : Epicureus p,-,p,gj^, ^^.^.^ p ,^,^ ., /^ 

i?. y^^/^fl ait : Is quoque, qui libros extraneos legtt: l^_. w«,-,-, «« *,« J -,11. * 

bum, quern impofui ^gyptiis, non imponam ^3 "lOINI noOH ^j; ErmSm □»:ivnrT 

tibi. Nam ego Dominus medens tibi. Abba D»tyXl<7 DnV03 'noty Ti'X n'^nan 

Scbaiilait: Is quoque^ qui nmen [tetrogrammaton] IDIkSiNC^ lOK "|N3"1 niH' ♦!}< '^I'Sy 

fuis Uteris pronunciat. ; VnvmKD DC^H nw njIMH t]}^ 

Vlfum eft mihi hic de multorum magnt aid- SiVK 'S t^SiH D^DflK |N3 ms'***** 

modum momenti articulorum fundamentis nS''7J nK"TNpn)rN7K 10 HTfO « "^ « 

loqui. Scias eorum qui Legem ampleftuntur ^hN tX D^VN ^>^'Tj ")"tp7K ***** 

fententias dc beatitudine, quam afTecuturus eft ^^^n^^ .q Qn{<-,j^ flflVnilJi riVniyS}* 
homo mandate ifta J^^ pr^cepit nobis Deus I^.snnONa |NDJnSn K.lSiO^ 'nS^e 

per manus iWo/fj Dodoris nottri, prasftando, & .i ^ „_^ -Luv. wL....... .-.l.. / ^ iL 

5 miferia qu^ nos ob earum tranfgreffionem \ ^^^ ^^l ^^^^"^ *^^« T^nv^H 
confequetur, pro diverfitate intelleauum, valde '^^^ ^"INpe^TK '31 "IJOI rWD !♦ 
difcrepare : quin & multum in hac [materia] con- N3K7nj)}< i^Tpy n:;r\l^ IJj; ^JJp^'7n 
fundi intelleftus, adeo ut vix reperias quempiam ^"lpJ?7K f]N7niK 3Dn 'TJ^ t^4"TJ ?«0'nD 
cui hoc argumentum liquido innotuerit ; imo N^'fO tiVWti \iirf]ii7ii "f?"! '3 n^V^Ht 
haudquaquam reperies de eo fermonem ab aliquo itjy t<VJ8!^ ni"l3 "liTl tih iny "liii Tin 
Eberius inftitutum qui non fit admodum confulus. ptg -jjj^ ^^'^ p«j ^NdSk inn 'tS 

Quidam ergo exiftimant Beatitudmem effe hor- ^,^^^ ,5,^ ^i^^ ^^IkS Nj'^DnO KQi<b 

turn Edenis ; eum autem, locum efle m quo fine „„,^ ii-,^««i,M *v« -,.,»i..»». -iK........ _. • 

ulla corporis moleftia aut labore edatur & bibatur, ^^^^ rrtNj;D^N \ii npn;rn n3'ND3 yn:> 

6 in quo domus fint e lapidibus preciofis, & lefti P^ ^"•l^'"" ^'^ ^3V ;?V10 HJNl \l);t p 'n 
holoferici, fluvii vino & unguentis odoratis fluen- P iTI'3 .T3 p3' {Nl 3;;n pT DDJ NpE^ 
tes, cum multis ejufmodi aliis. ^it^ -INn:K1 nnn "laKJOl Jt'^tC;^ "INJnj^ 

Miferiam autem efle Gehemam, eamque locum i^WN NTH |0 "^'liDT n3»D INm^l IQji |D 

igne, qui in ipfo corpora torreat, aeftuantem, in jJKp ^yiQ njKl pjn:i n'IKpe'''7t? tSI 

quo crucientur homines variis poenarum generibus, pj^J^K ^TJ^JTI IinJlSx n'3 p"inn N'INi 

quae lon^m effet explicare Quam fententiam jj^mc^ SitO' 3NT'7K TO WlJX .TU 

fuam confirmat hffc ieaa muItis SapHentum dictis, w»-.-- ,L„ iis»v».X».» .-*--. L..-^^.. 

quorum fenfizsliteralisiis, qu^ abTpfis dicuntur £^^^„ 'J [^^I^^L^l^T ^^^°!^^ 

ia plerifque faltem, conv^nit. ^ ^^V^ P '^^'^T^ J^^P^^ ^^♦pnJ;N^^? 

■ Alii, fecundo, profitentur, & putant Beatitudi- T^^^^ P^NDH Dit?&?^ D.T*?;; D'ODH'^J* 

nem qus fperatur, efle £>;Vj M^<^, (qui cito HS'NDI "inDN IK 0.1X1^1 NmnKTCi 

manifeftetur j) atque eo tempore futuros homines ii'^NJ^D/N \H jtom IpJTJ^H n*JSn 

Reges perpetuo vifturos, procera corporis ftatura, niHO n'tt'OH mO' *n NOJN HNimoSjC 

qui terram totam, ufque in aeternum obtineant. DH'^D DNi^N p3» |NO?'?K "]Tl TK1 n"7;i» 

Quin & Mejias ifte, ex ipforum fententia, vidu- n-io^^i DniirU Dbym m»KT TlSo 

rus eft quamdiuduraveritipfe Creator Benediftusi nHyo'^N ili) *T3nSk 'Sn Nh'^^ V-|I*W 

Tirnferetnue tunc temooris terra veftes contextas. . .^ L J._ .^l . . * -/ i t>/»x 

multis eju 
I autem in & 

quod non fit homo ittis temporibus [vifturusj '* '-' '.' •* •-" ' ^^y^i "J"' njjj rj:ji ruiDJO 

neque dienus habeatur qui ca videat : ad quae e- ?K3JN7N \)y K7 JK. 'H n'INp£''7K1 ."rn 

torn probanda multa afferunt, quae apud Sapientes ntTliliit'dl 'DP K'^l jNOi 7X '^b'^ '0 

occurrunt difta, nee non Sacrae Scripturae textus, riDTlD 7K"lpK3 *1TI '7^ NiW pSlMD^ll 

qui prima fronte fententiae eorum (in parte faltem) iilpdlH {O pVJDl OVODTlSS nil JIO 

faverevidentur. „ . j. ^ niO^D IK DnNli^l Urnr^HMi pSNI* 

Ala, tertioautumant Beatitudmem qua: fpe- j^nj^oSx jN D;?rn rin^Nn nL'NDl 

ratur, efle Relurreftionem mortuorum: fed. ut, ,„ ^t-, ' ^^c,.; *' .* .. .. l 

poft mortem, vit* denuo reftitutus homo do- l^ T^^ HXION'^K K'nt^ in nN^moW 

mefticis fuis & propinquis [comitatus] redeat, ^^^ ^O y3^\^ Hmo n;^3 TKD:N7N E^^* 

edatque & bibatnon amplius-, miferiam vero hoc "^riDK niO' K71 3X"\ 7DKn nnDNnpl 

quod non fit quis denuo vi(aurus. Quod etiam NV»J< p7-rnDn a-'^P' N*? JN rJINpty'^NI 

probare 
* Exod. XV. 26. 



PORTA M S I S, 



'n'7N nisyo^N ;x c::;rn nj;nK-i hS'ND'i 

KjiNsr '3 nS^DDa |nj Np 'Si; bj^inx'?}* 
ano>*?D nSinon ni7j7N ^nst t^ii 

'3 fiJnoSK nN3DN^K nS::J3"i Kn-i'ji 

Sipiii tsinSo j^'i^nSn rrin r3 rain 

K3noS^;;n ♦:)7s* nnnj':'^ rinDJ^K. n-in 
'7i^D3 nS -it:n rt: njn2 njn jn S'Sps 

j;pn, 'e^ 'n h^ n'CDN':'^ nin f;? ^nd» 
NiK^N nin nnx in ri'NJi^N 'n Sni 
ri'NjSN p3 pi3n r^NJiSN m nonpno':'^ 

"Jin K'71. fl'NJ^N »7N mQ'7N D3dSn pDI 

rrs n'?Dn' ik Nin >3 "^nd* fo njin 
dnj7Sn ohSd DNiSx ■'nd» no;ni 
IK. n'»^7y r-iNi::N7N Dip* fip f*NjiSNi 
tiSk Nn:^^ DN'nSN "]^n3 Sm p»D30 
]Dm i^T^t'\iy\ iiT\f2'p-\'2 a>y n.ts t3T 
NiNi pp3 mnon rnriDD ik NnniDNa 
'>Nn'p3SN'i 'i:^.^ P3 'ID' 7nn'iyo7K nj 
?D I'liDi q'yv'^Ni . 'ip*??* nrjN'N '3 \'\y 
K-in N' n3xi tJ<'nK*:'K po tnddSk nin 
Syjn Ti'm ShsSk Kin 'jy Dn3K 
SrjK hSd Kin '3 'okSd pDonS "^yni 
amo ijy SiiK idSk tjiv kSsd jk 
rr? onbr n'ii -jbii niinSK noS)?*'? 
n:K i'j 7NDP7K IQ nS h'^rv adp 
iKnpo Dn3' kS rhp:; ^ii^ njD nji;7 
J?KC3'7N p n'SK nnv ko kSi i'iSK .*]Si 

"iokSni nK7p';N hj;, riDin* |k njo 
nS Sip3 nJD nr;;*? nn:;; iinno^N 
"jS i?3nj IK r'n ik ni -j'D);ji K7pK 
D3i^ D'^ nnnj'i np'3 npo hrop 
K7K "lip -J^iS DTJ^' kS nJK'? hKip^K 
pKi?o'7K *iSi '^psi dk;;dSk "]7i Sk^S 
^«S3 i^i) nnDKi riKipSK p hiiQH ni:y 
3j;ni Kpir rlKnp'^K pon* ^Si7i *]iy 
JtKj'^K -j^^n nvn'^K ']7i2 Sk^S' nairn* 
"130 ni;Dp IK ?p h3n 'ni n3i3noSK 
mi;? f]3;'an rhw iD^ni 133 KiK3 
;?j7i *-72p nnhv |K3 n7K 'c^Sk "|7i 
't'^a "]bi3 Kif'K *nty "|Si n':i iiiv 
npK n,*:S;?o rh Sip'3 nn:;; i'liK^K 
riDi" by 3in ik hion KOip y nnc^ii 
nK7pbK D3J7 K'? i'j'n Kif'K inni'3 Ki3 

videtur •, dicente ei prseceptore. Lege, ut tibi 
quo fiet ut turn etiam diligentiam adhibeat, 
Vol, I. 



53 



probare nituntur dials Sapientum, & quibufdam 
in textu locis huic fententias confentaneis. 

Alii, quarto, aflerunt Beatitudinem quam afle- 
cuturi fumus, praeftando mandata, efle quietem 
corporis, & fpes hujus mundi in eodem fruendas; 
veluti fertilitatem terras, facultatum & liberorum 
copiam, longitudinem vitas, fanitatem corporis, 
ftatum fecurum, quodque regno apud nos ftabi- 
lito in hoftes noftros dominaturi fumus. InfeK- 
citatem autem, quas nos, cum tranfgrefll fuerimus, 
invadet, efle his quae diximus contraria, qualia 
nos hoc exilii tempore patimur, Quin & hoc 
fibi probare videntur ex omnibus in Lege texti- 
bus, qui benedidiones & maledidiones continent, 
ahifque pluribus, nee non omnibus quae in Scrip- 
tura afferuntur narrationibus. 

Alii, quinto, qui & plures funt, haec omnia 
conjungunt, dicentes illud quod fperatur, efle, 
venturum Meffiam, & mortuos refufcitaturum, 
qui Paradifum ingreflTi ibi comedent & bibent, 
bona fruentes valetudine quamdiu duraverint coeji 
ac terra. Verum quod ad articulum hunc admi- 
randum {viz. Mundum futurum,) paucos omnino 
reperies quibus in mentem venerit, quive de eo 
cogitent, vel pro fundamento fumant, aut de no- 
minibus ifl:is interrogent cuinam rei competant ; 
& num ille, vel alius aliquis juxta fententias pras- 
didtas finis fit, aut qui inter finem & caufam quas 
ad ipfum perducit, diftinguant : neque invenies 
prorfus qui de hoc fcifcitetur, aut qui de eo aliquid 
dicat. Verum illud de quo quasrunt univerfim, 
tum vulgus, turn melioris notas homines, efl-, 
Quomodo refurreduri fint mortui, nudi an a- 
midi ? & num iifdem quibus fepulti erant, vefti- 
bus, iifque eodem quo fuerant modo acupidis, 
variegatis, ac pulchre confiitis ? an velamento 
quod ipfis operiendis tantum fiifEciat ? &, ciim 
venerit Mejfias^ num squales fient dives & pau- 
per ? aut futuri fint fiib ipfo alii fortes, alii infir- 
mi ? Cum multis ejufmodi quasftionibus omni 
tempore [ventilatis]. Tu vero [Ledor] hanc 
a me parabolam accipias, quo deinde animum 
ad ea quae mihi in his omnibus dicenda reftant, 
audienda apponas. Fingas puerum minorennem 
ad prasceptorem dedudum, quo eum legem edo- 
ceat, quod certe magnum illi, ob eam quam inde 
aflequetur perfedionem, bonum efl: ; nifi quod 
ipfe, pras annorum defedu & intelledus fui im- 
becillitate, magnitudinem boni iftius, quantam- 
que ad perfedionem ipfum perdudurum fit, haud 
percipiat : coget neceflitas praeceptorem iftum, 
qui ipfo perfedior eft, ilium ad legendum de re 
aliqua, quae ipfi pro ea qua eft aetate tenera defi- 
derabilis videatur, provocare. Dicet ergo illi. 
Lege, ut tibi juglandem, aut ficum, aut faccari 
portiunculam demus ; ita fiet ut legat & ftudeat, 
non ipfius ledionis gratia, (cum ipfius dignitatem 
non intelligat) fed ut edulium iftud, (cujus efus 
ipfi ledione prasftantior & majus bonum fine du- 
bio videtur,) accipiat : ideoque ledionem mo- 
leftiam putat & laborem, quem tamen fufcipit ut 
eo finem iftum defiderabilem aflequatur, fcil. nu- 
cem juglandem, aut faccari particulam. Cunique 
grandior jam & intelledu audus, minoris aeftimet 
illud quod antea prasferebat, atque aliudjam eli- 
gat, allicietur etiam eo quod jam ipfi optabilius 
calceos pulchros, aut iftiufmodi veftem emamus ; 
non ipfius ledionis gratia, fed iftius indumenti ; 
O cum 



54 Porta Mosis. 

cum veftis Ifta prxftantlor ipfi fdenril vid^tur, t^^^^ ^^ y^^L^^ ^C^ ^^^ L^t,l, 

fitque efhonis finis. Porro cum mtelleiftu adhuc ^.„, ..^^1 4iv.-,-,C,J ii.v».»-. L.0 

pe?feaiorevaferit, adeo ut minoris pendatur ipfi 2SL Z^L'^S^lT^i^'^' P^^? '^ 

Koc etiam pretium, alllcietur aliquo adhuc hoc ^^ ^TjJ* ^^ '^^^ ^^ \V 70DN 

majori ; dicente ipfi prsceptore fuo, Difcas hanc rX"37P0 nrnp'Q iinr\ p IDDX in NO:j j;,DD 

Seftionem, aut hoc Caput, quo tibi aureum aut yQ"tJl p'^D7{< nin IK HK^ia^N nin DiJIlK 

duos aureos donemus. Leget enim rurfus, & "TPinJ*! Nif.K 'Tp'S JHNJH IK "INJn 

diligentiam adhibebit, quo nummos iftos accipiat, mJ^ biH&^K, "IZIKI Sko'^K "fh iJiK*'? 

cum lucrari nummos ipfi tunc temporis prsftan- nKlp^K rtKJ \i>h fiKTlVK fO «ine?K tJ»n 

tius videatur leftione. Fins enim Ledionis apud ij-^ r^^j^ iiTi^K iiX' TK i'J'n TtJV 

ipfiim eft ut aurum, quod fperare jubetur acci- ^^ ^^ ,^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^ 

piat. Cum autem majoris adhuc nzentjudicn, ut ^^^ JT. . •,-,-,u,»a v«&-. -, 

hoc etiampretium ipfi viliushabeatur, cum ipfiim c^V IV. '^ . ~P~** '*^'" ^^'^ 

fpernendum quid eflb perceperit, alliciendus erit "^R*; 1^ t^ In5< IH N03 pOD D'Dp 

eo quod hoc potius erit; ac dicetur ipfi, Difce, DK:'7^J -p^r V^^ DT I'Xn? NIpN rh 

ut DoAor fis, aut Judex, & magni te faciant ho- OOm -|10K1K Il'^lVTOn "lONOK \\Sp''^ 

mines, tibique afllirgant, & juflls tuis obfequantur, ^iX2 "inKOO "IJ?D1 "l/lK'n ♦£) ioDK 

ac celebre fit nomen tuum, & dum vivis & poft rrin SkJv inrij*! Hp'fl |K'!'31 fN'!'3 

mortem tuam,qualis hie vel ille; atque ita leget, Q^jqj^j^ niij; n'KJ7K nDnS riam^K 

&ftudebit, utafTequatogradumiftum, eritque ^,^ omKJni h'? on^K^jf^l DKiS« 

jpfi finis, ut maeni ab hominibus fiat, celebre- «,i-it, ,i-,L, v»»*<v.« .^h^-., ^u* ..-i-... 

tique, ^ laudibus evehatur. H^c interim omnia II^lJ^I ?°^^\°^°^? rh:^ VryT^^^ 

vitiiperio digna funt, ad qus tamen confiigitur ^7^^^ ^^l P' ^^ W-^^X '^p^T t^)h 

ob imbecillitatem mtelledus iftius, qui finem fci- ^^^^ '^ '«^ b'\\lii r±^b\f. T^ 1DK N'2; 

entire alium ab ipfa fcientia facrt, dicens, Quor- 'TJ; nJK'nn Hi '^Kii? nVK □TT'^K NiiT 

fijm drfireremus hanc fcientiam, nifi ut ea aliquid VhV D'OShSk "lij;. "in Nini rp'pn^K 

acquiramus ? quod revera ftultitia eft. Hoc au- t<Tht2^^'^ ;;»N1|y7K .^linO' HlK 'N noe?*? 

tern eft quod apud Sapientesdicitur,5M<?Z,//Z'W<2i&, ^"2 nD3i 'i3 *2^7K ^iS"!*? Vh *inni'l K"lp't 

iVi?» /««' ipjius gratia fdifcere,} viz. nt quis obfe- ^ ^^ ,.-!', J.L • L 

quatur pSeceptis, ea^ue faciLt, fcgatque & ftu- ^^^'^ \ ^^ pOSH^N NJlHil nrW 'lyS 

deat, non ejus rei ipfius gratia, fed aliuscujufpiam, O^^, ^njiin*? TYW DSr^n K7 Kl^NDI 

quod vetarunt Sapientes, q. p. dicentes, Ne fa- ^*p *7K jI'VC^' pHS I'lgn'? DITlp K?"* 

das ea coronam, ut lis glorieris, neque fecurim, ut iO Chj^bn i^Hibyi!' K? iliN "]*? nj'l 

iisfodias, [quibus verbis] digitum intendunt ad hUDhii pHDt^^H N*71. hS DWVK O'bjrn 

illud quod tibi explicavi; fcil. ne ftatuat [quis] p^;^ j^'^i nC^'^^O nS'^K JH "IDH* H^l 

finem fi:ientiae, vel ut magni fiat ab hominibus, "^yiDI tOpD HO"?;^ K^K dSvSk n\*<J mjV 

vel opes acquirat, neque cultum Dei viftus pa- Jj^ ^^^ ^L^, ^^ ^i^^ i^^ ^,^^ ^^ 

randi inftrumentum taciat, neque fit ipfi alius ki- »^t,. tA-,Lss^t~^^\.^^...sA >,*. ...vm.»U...^ 

enti^ finis quam ipfiim fcire: eodemque modo ^XJ^Vi^^^^. 'T^^L P" >Tl **-^ 

ne fit alius ipfi veritatis finis, quamutfciat ipfam ^l^O^^t** 7^^ !« '^OKD^K IKDJK^'? m» 

veram eflb, & prsecepta vera efle, & finem ipfo- Wp7K rriH nDJDJKI 7Kif3*7K Hpn 

rum efle ea praeftare : neque convenit homini per- \^7 KIKJi W 'KD KHiV nj77K 'HJ WX 

fedto dicere. Si fecero bona ifta, & fiigero turpia n2^ 'K nnp N"iK 'SV??* 7lp 7^0 "p^ 

ifta, quas vetuit Deus, qua re remunerabimur ? ♦iK7S7K "IOkSk PlV '^Np'S 'S y^l* 

Perinde enim hoc foret, ac fi diceret puer, Quan- o'7 v^^ ^i-.'p'^ ty; jf j^yj^-^ j^^j^ jjjjj^ 

do legero, quidnam mihi dabitur.? ac diceretur ^.j^j h'KJlS'? S^DI n"1p'7K NlnDnU* 

!Pf' R^f -^^ *"'''•• ^^^^"t^-V"''" '"fi'-^tf "^ inSiND S'DD nji^ rhni nnp *S;r nniKJi 

mtelleaus ipfius, qui eradum iftum non apprehen- ^..-^.^ ^. . „ ,„ _ t. r •'' 

dit, fed finis [v;ri] finem [alium] qu^rit,?efpon- ^^^ ^^'^J^ D^DDTlbK .^JlHi Tpi 

detur ipfi fecundumftultitiam ipfius [ficutdicitur] n™Jl^ rtKJ IKDJK7K , 7j;iv |K 'J^^K 

*Refpnde ftultojuxtaftultitiamfuam Vetuerunt "^IONtX fO KnOK y»tni!^*p nbNnnr.2Kn 

i^utem hoc etiam Sapientes, fi:il. ut ftatuat homo TT107K 70KD7K '^ifKaSK 71p ")m 

finem cultus fiii, & obfequii erga mandata, rem Vn/I 7K IDlti^ C^'K DJJ'tOiK p'KpnSK 

aliquam. Quofpedlat didum[viri]praeftantis,per- |~)iO "^^JJ^ ilH flK ?*tyCtyon On^i^D 

fefti, qui verum optime perfpexit, Antigoni [nem- p^^ j'tyOC^On On^VD VH DIS S^p*? 

pe] 5ffff»>, iV>///j inftar fervorum, quiferviunt j^qjj^i q-^q •^^n';, ^^^ nJO Sp 3^.1 

Di;w?«o ed condtttone ut acciptant mercedem, fed ^j-.C ^„L " . . jl-,^-,„ 

fttisutfervi, qui ferviuntBmino etiam nulla e>c. ^Ti ..iT,. w^ 1^^^ d ^ L^ 

/>^^^/flW^m^^;quovolueruntampleaendamve- ™i^ P^^r '"DK 'J)r07K "IH KTn pH"?}* 

ritatem veritatis ipfius gratia : atque hoc eft quod |*fln VmVDl: iV ''^Kp'^ nSHKO ^i^J;l 

innuunt cum dicunt, Serviens [Deo] fx awor^. ")D2?2 nVi VniVOl "ITJ^'^'K '"1 10K "TNO 

Dixerunt etiam, quibus pax. In fraceptis ejus de- j^jj-j ^•fy^^ ^*in Db^^N KO") VniVO 

leclaturvalde. Dixit Rab. £/.«2«r, Pr^r^^j ^- Q^p;, ^^ ,C,^ ^^j^^ L„l,^ ,-^^^^,^3 ^j,^^ 

7aj, C? »c« mercede praceptorum tpfius. Quan- .^ J— -.L.^ «^J1-, -«,>k,»„. L-Cv» »►» ^.*U 

'Lm autem, & quam perfpicuum eft hoc^gu- ifT^c^l ?^^^^ ^^P^^ ^° ^^^ 

mentum ? Eft enim ratio mVnifefta iUius quod in ^^^^ ^^^ 'J^^ ^'^«^ ^^^ '^P p 

fuperioribus diximus. Hoc tamen ipfi> majus eft '^"^ ^^'iiiV >^V2 y^y n^nm b'2V2 

didum ipforum in textu libri Sifrey Ne forte dicas^ Ecce ego difco Legem ea propter ut/tm divesy 

ea 
^ Prov. nvi. s« 



PORTA M S I S. 



55 



nniS ^n N3n dW^ 135i^ SapKC^ ^^^ propter ut vocer RaUi, m acdpiam menedem 
if> WW OnXa; Sd '*' na .-DHnS '"^ f^'^'l'' f''!^r'>r/'>"^"r dkere ad dUigendum Do- 

S>nn jOn npa nnnKD N7N IWn ^^„^^^_ Manifefta ergo eft hsc fententia, con- 

rUj; 'DNi^rV N71 □'OSH'^K nNpnr« ejus quod profitentur Sapientes, nee adeo cscus 
riDlDl , nnSiriK . "rp ^a:! ^ SlNJ KpN eft quls, ut eam non perfpiciat, nifi ftultus, 

hebes, quern cogitatlonum ineptarum & imagi- 

nationum vitiofarum fuggeftus perdidit. Fuit 

autem ifte gradus Abrahami patrls noftri, quod 

fcil. fuerit Seviens [Deo] ex amore, & ad hanc 

viam fedulo nitendum eft. Cum autem per- 

fpedhim haberent Sapientes, quibus pax, ob- 

fcuram admodum efle hanc fententiam, quam- 

que non omnes capiunt, &, ft intellexerint, 

non tamen ei ftatim aflentiunt, neque pro 

j,.^- ,._ -- J.-- ,_ . ,,__ .. vera habendam efle cenfent. Neque enim 

SitSX ^"yVTSuh '^Np' f]'3S toy "pi facit quis opera aliqua, nifi ut iis confequatur utili- 

^liS K'? Kn'7;?3n ib^ ^aViiih^ rrin tatem,_ aut repellat damnum, fin minus, futura 

• • ' ' '" eft aftio ipfius fruftranea. Quomodo ergo dicetur 

ei qui Legem ampleditur. Facias hsc opera, 
aut, ha?c ne facias, non ob metum pcenae [a] 
Deo, neque fpe mfercedis ab ipfo confequendas. 
Durum admodum hoc erit, quia non omnes re- 
rum veritatem capiunt, ut fint Abrahamo patrl 
noftro fimiles. Ideo permiferunt vulgo ut in o- 



hi;pKJ7N nj^TDn'^Ki riS'joVK ikdqkS'k 
orb' nncD^K xnn inji r-i:jnND nniy 

]nS rrny jnxpnrK r\vrf )h\ rino 7^^{ 

''7KJ'S kSx '7NPSN '7;;a» K7 INDiS*?}* 

nSya jiD» IK ripiro j;flT ik y^i nhd 
Si;!sx :;'^vmT? ba^' fi'33 nn;^ "|7i 
:]i3S ah iiPbj;tin n^i ^NrDsSx rrin 
«in nnsin 'jim N71 r67i< :)Kp)r p 

p3-|T DN37K Sd on ]Hb tHi :ip 

DmNpn;rN ni? Kiip* ^n ninojSS iPiKaNfl 
'1pm "jSn »Sj^ pirn axp;;7K fiiD nN'D^x 



f|"U;'t) "J"nO^N "I'TT Tin n»0 nnO'^rj^ pinionefiiamaneant; fcil. facienda efle bona fpe 



Ko hf\D2 in Na bD^aba nji"7Ni pn':'^ 

»a nnni'n'flisvvy {y'KDJJt)3N 'bj/Nnpii 
D'osn iSi 't3 NiVxpi my Ncrj iinDiSK 
»fl p3D j<o 'Tj; 'iDi DDnma iinrn 

nj;nty'?K pbnno* dhjid 'a, rnnxi 
"lupmsS 3NinSK 'jnm SNpvbK.t]-)?? 
b'jnrh -fn nnS anno' xo:ni j'Sokd 

nDHNo nnai); pt^t pn7N '7K pSpnjn 
OIK pw> ch^:h rrj; on'jip ini 



nj"i3 rhMinh nSi mriNb 'S;; n'7onn 



prasmn, & mala metu posnae fugienda ; utque ad. 
hoc excitentur, & in fententia fua hac de re confir-. 
mentur, donee rebus meliusapprehendendis [valeat] 
qui eas intelligere vult, ac quid verum, & quas 
via perfedior fit dignofcat, quemadmodum cum 
puero inter docehdum, juxta fimilitudinem prae- 
mifliam, agimus: quare Antigono Socenji vitio ver- 
terunt, quod fententiam fuam palam coram vulgo 
protulerit, ideoque dixerunt Sapientes, Cavete 
verbis veflris, i^c. uti in Aboth explicaturi fumus. , 
Nee tamen prorfus operam perdunt ifti e vulgo 
dum Legi, metu pcenae, & fpe prasmii obfequun- 
tur, verum nondum funt perfefti : probaturque 
I \ ' ' C" u ' '^^ ^P^^ illud, quo ita acquiratur^fis habitus at- 

^IV f\'\tVyiJ T^pUb \rm 17'flN rmnj qut exercitatlo in obedientia Legis, ut ihde ad ve- 
INHC^J^n |K 3i' K00"> noty? NS no^v ritatemtranfitumfaclentes, fervi ex amore evadant: 
n^S DW*?}* IQDp:?* n;; D'OOnn DK^D Atquehoceftquoddicunt,5m/'^r^e/^<?woo;)er«ra 
.1 ,, . . Legi, etiamfi non ipjius gratia, quoniam ex hoc 

[quod prafiet ipfani] non fui gratia, eb perveniet 
[ut (^^ Jui gratia [prasftet.] Ex iis autem quae 
fcire debes, eft, in verbis Sapientum, quibus pax 
[interpretandis,] diftribui homines in tres clafles, 
tsrhnb "tn iit>i;Q SiOJXl *^^yhH Prima (atque hi plunmi funt eorumquosvelquo- 
V^b^ trmDba P Omi^ni ahbyha^ rum fcripta vidi, aut de quibus audivi) eomm eft, 
»i- .,.J»-..4 A.»i, ♦►» UM♦^-.C^v♦ ♦»^ r-^-7 flui ^^ I'-ixt^ fcnfum literalcm mtelligi volunt, ne- 
P |in3W n;n P^^^NM^K P an H J^^^^^^^^^ Interpretantur, adeo ut his im- 
i<n^^D Xm:! K71 DnDDJ..-? 'p7n poflibiliaqusvisnecefl"ari6exifterevideantur.Hoc 
D'DDn^K Knn* D7 JK \TC nnS OnnaJ* ^^^^^^ fecerunt, quod fcientiarum prorfus rudes 
^^0 t<7>i fiODnoVK Dn7{<1pk r^^ fint, & a difcipHnis alieni, neque in eo perfefti- 
^imriNlta ^hy i<^\iH^ NnJO on t^ilOna onis gradu ut ipfi fibi monitores fint, nee alium 
DnON'Sa Vy3 inNltb rnilO JNI qui eos moneret, invenerint. Putant ergo ifti nolu- 
J<tN3r(J?N hy ^Ti 1*7 rn 'S n.yN^K^'^i* p ifl*e . Sapientes in omnibus indubitatas veritatis 

Vim rity a'nba »a r\y iva xiSi^pi ^'^^p ^^^^ ^^^^'^^ i"^"" ^"°^ 'P^* ^^ "^4^"^ p^'"'^^' 



tj; ynni .^<^'^v t^xn nNin am 



perint, eaque p-out fonant verba intelligenda, e- 

^A-,* 4s,-,«»^^o i^>,,w».^i^v. -,A-« -i«iv«nrrrM-i» riamfi quod primo multis in ipforum didis ap- 
♦nT nJODO^N nS'NO'^N mm n^^DnnDJ? pWus abfurdum fit, aded ut fi juxta illud 

KTOTD OCDhSk noqy iin:it> arhnib P^^^ pP^ ^^ f^^„^ ^,,b^ confiderantes, dicentque, 
K7 'm tDN'OmK ^rtNJl pnrWOr IK "rp 'm Quomodo fiet, ut quot in mundo funt hominum 
f15'ND7K rrin rhia nQi;*? |ND USI nytrn quifpiam hoc imaginetur, & pro vera habeat fen- 
tentia? tantum abeft ut illud latndare velit. [Digna] autem eft mifera haec fedte, cujus defleatuf 
ftultitia ; nam dum fe Sapientes e xtollerc putat, in infimum eos gradum dejicit : nefciens mtenm 



•56 



PORTA M S I s: 



NO N*? anDSJN3 on Nnnij no 

DN^o N1K-) f,'iib7N cm NV'K rlTiia 
rnnNtb 'by ni'7on£3 mj70D in D'ddhSn 



feitafacere.QuimmocertifTimefeftaiftareligionem nnjn3 oVtom |nf?K |pNn02 ^.Tin 

honore fuo fpoliat, ejufque fplendorem obfufcat, nD THN NO DDJ^ '3 hSSn IH H'yJni 

Legemque Dei in contrarium ei ad quod ipfa diri- ^jyj^ L^,jjj^L,j^ DDnO 'j3 ^p' h'^Sn 'N'^ 

gitur,detorquet NamcumDeusinipfolegistex- ^nni 'iDl Opinn Sd JhN nyoty'» 

iM genuThoc hominum contexit e fono verbo- PI^ P^ ^^»<P ^^O^N nnjJOp NIK NO 
rum Sapientumiilud quod fiaudierintgentes[aliaE] P "TlDNI n?n iPpH 'in 73i1 ^DD 
dicerent, Certe populus ftultus & fatuus eft gens DNJ7N pOHS* \''Thii V^^"'7N NnH '7^3' 
ifta parva. Qui autem plurimum hoc faciunt, iN Onriv N'5 DH niOnS' □? NO 
funt Homillafta:, qui ea hominibus explicant, qus cnpin |n» ^0 NI^DD 1*7 NlonS' N7 
ipfi non intelligunt, atque utinam cum non intel- |i^ip> ^j^^ •)}< nODH^ DdS 'njT) ps^nnn 
ligant tacere vcllent, ' ^Kf5 ^<2^// /Wo /flf«-^- j^-^^D Q'ODnSN "tNIN NO oSvi NO 
//\f, er f^/ i;w» flfl Saptentiam ? aut dicerent fal- ' ■ 

tern, Nefcimus quid velint Sapientes hoc difto, 
aut quomodo exponendum fit j verum ipfi illud 
fe intelligere putant, atque hoc fatagunt, ut ho- 
minibus explicent illud quod ipfi intellexerint, 
non quod dixerint Sapientes ; coram vulgo ex- 
plicationes [traft.] Beracoth & capitis Cbeiek, 
prout verba ad literam fonant, proferentes. 

Claflis fecunda numerofa etiam eft, iftorum _ 

fcil. qui cum difta Sapientum legerint aut audi- nVlD a'03nSN'Nn5<")N'No'lN xTovn 
vennt atque juxtafonum verborum accepennt, ^^^^^^^ ^^^^ ^,^^ ^^^t^,^ 
rati noluifle Sapientes aliud quam quod pras le „,.,„^, -,^.^>._. --^.Jl^ L. C 
ferunt verba, incipiunt ftultitis, feditatis & ab- ^J^^^^ ^^'^?^ n30Dn ^^ N^ND 
furditatis incufare illud quod abfurdum non eft ; D'^DH n2T "?:; M^^^^ ;;*J2^3 D'V NO 
ac frequenter verbis Sapientum illudunt, fe illis DHJO 7p:?N OnJN po^nn |N'nN7N yQ 
fapientiores & perfpicaciores eflfe judicantes, atque DN^D/N . GTT^^ IDnJKT ini 'DiN"> 
illos, quibus pax, deceptos fuifle, judicii exper- 
tes, omnium rerum ignaros, adeo ut nihil prorfus 
intelligerent. Eorum qui hanc opinionem amplec- 
tuntur plerique funt ex iis qui fe medicos profiten- 
tur, quique circa aftrorum efFeftus ineptiunt. Sunt 
enim hi, opinione fua, acuti, Sapientes, Philofo- 
phi i at quam longe abfunt ab eo ut pro homi- 
nibus habeantur apud vere Philofophos. Sunt au- 
tem hi ftultiores Clafle priori, magifque fatui. 
Sefta certe maledidla, quod haec efFiitiat contra 
viros magnos de quorum fcientia apud dodos 

liquido conftat. Qiod fi difciplinis operam na- ^pV |N U3i' vl'D po'w* Tin ohvhn 'D 
varent, ut fcirent quomodo de Theologicis & e- p Nnn^tyi DN'HnVnSn 'fl DN^jSn 
jufmod, rebus fermo,tum apud vulgus, turn apud y^^pl^^ ^^^^ -)^r^Dhii Tip IIOnSn 
dodiores, inftituendus fit, & partem Philofophias l^JL i^^^LZL^ .». ,C,1„L„ .tL,. ' 
pradicarrl tenerent, turn deiJium conftaret fue- l^t! 2"^^^ » '? '^^y^^l^\ 0^^^^ 
Jintne Sapientes [noftri] viri doai,_ annon: & '^^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^'^ wnnrrSv ^r. ^^W 
manifeftus efiet ipfis eorum quae ab iliis dida funt, 
fenfus. Seda tertia paucorum admodum eft, adeo 
ut non aliter feda audiat quam fol fpecies : funt 
autem illi apud quos de merito Sapientum, & 
bona ipforum intentione, inde conftat, quod didis 
ipforum involuta reperiantur verba, quas fenfus 
admodum veros innuant, quae pauca licet fuerint, 
eaque fparfim in [diverfis] locis librorum ab ipfis 
compofitorum pofita, indicant qua fuerint perfec- 
tione, ipfofque rerum veritatem apprehendifle. 
Conftat etiam ipfis de eorum quae fieri non poflunt 
impoflibilitate, ejufque quod neceflarium eft necef- 
fitate, noiuntque illos, q. p. non locutos fuiflie 
de eo quod fieri non.poffit, unde certo ftatuunt 
fubefle verbis ipforum exterius [quid] & interius, 
acquotiefcunque loquantur de rebus impoflibilibus, 
' habere verba ipforum rationem asnigmatis & para- 
bola? ; ifte enim mos fuit Sapientum magnorum, 
ideoque orfus eft princeps Sapientum librum fuum, 
dicendo, « Ad intelligendum farabolam £5? facun- 
diam, verba Sapientum, (^ anigmata eorum. No- 



I'SiNj w-iSn 'ipNi p;;nDio 
-iiipNi nji:} n'v nidit dS 'nn mi^Sx 
pd'^n »'j;-to iNpnvN^N Nnn '£3 m'> p 
Dno;;t2 oniNb dijpn N\syp3 j'nNnSNi 
p Drnj;pN not haDNSis Noan pN-in 
rip'pnSK 'Si; hiDNSaVN -iJir ri'JNDJNSN 
inDNT 'SinSn rip-ifi'^N p SnjN om 
N.-inCNnn? rsw^r^ na^No 'm riiNajj 
ono'^y |N3 np n'Tp'^N Notb;; rNinyN*? 
□noajN NiitN-i omN iSi noV:i;Sn "1:37 



« De«. iv. 6. 



{NDi nS in no>i? D'ODHSn '^H C2rh 
na^No'^NT onoN^^ ♦jnj;o nnS ona:* 
N-Tj rh'pp h^Sn noyj? MT rinWiiSi* 
X03 N^N nawo art} *?Np' kS 'nn 
inS^N CJNipN^NDm j;i: iyo!:^sS SNp» 
rtriji p03n*7N n^tb;; dhijj; n-pn 

DHONVd '0 '3 "Til N03 OTINDDN 

|Ni Nij rln'nv 'jn^o h); Sin nN\oSD 
p viNio '3 np"infioi nS'Sp njN3 
□hSnod by rhi MmaS onnNino 
on^TJi; NV'N nipm p'NpnS^ onDN-nNi 
NVjSj;3 ^jniSn 3iin yjnooSN yNjnoN 

t>5ijp'nfl Snho '3 poSan' xS rip onjN 
S3 njNi tDN3i -inNb ;-h dhonSd jn 
NOJN riJDOo tjSn N'a'NSs' jo pSp* xo 
SnoSNi mSSn S'2d 'Sr ^5n»3 dhonSd 
tiinSi -inddSn nodhSn ]^u j<iDni 
|onS SNpi {sjodhSn D'n n^Nno m-j: 
npi cimn'm d'odh n^i nv'Soi Styo 
dnS^Sn in m^n |n fijSSN fp:; p dSj? 

vit 
[ Job xxiij. 5, « Prov. i. 6, . g 



PORTA M S I S. 



5? 



DKJ'^N DDPK nni ri'ONy rio'Dp "no^n 



vit autem, qui verbohltn fignificatus novit, Chid- 
dah efle orationem cujus fcopus in interiori ejus 
parte, non in cortice habetur: quemadmoduni 
dicit, froponam jam vobis a^nigma, i^c. Scrmones 
snim dodtorum omnium funt de rebus fublimi- 
bus, quae funt finis, ipfi autem asnigmatici funt 
& parabolici. Quomodo autem vitio vertetur 



— -• - L'T (heus homines) quod fcientiam tradant per para- 

rydlV ya V'^ypn m-ia -jri y^^t^ np bolas & fimilitudines remm humilium & vulga- 






rium, cum videas homirium fapientiflimos idem 
fecifle [inftinftu] Sp. Sanfti, ipfum nempe Salo- 
monetn in Proverliis, & Canfic. Cantkorum, & 



TlSlNn* anoSiKn am hn:rhii anDl P^""^.^ ^^'^^^^: ^ quomodo reprehendatur qui ver 



'Jiy nx nsn .in 2NnD7K Sp m pSip* 
rbyp -jSiDi Sha n^D 2nio Sxns* 
Vn-j 'iDi mnn -jinn n'iin ns* hdh in 
*7Dnj t>jo TKD1 oo ♦vpc^^ 'o n'^pi 
'?NpnnS'!:J3 dvn\-idd "jSiDi Sno "jSi 



ba ipforum interpretatus, ea ^ fenfu, quern prs 
fe ferunt, abducat; ut ita ihtelleftui confentanea 
finti & veritati librifque coelitus datis congrua, 
cum ipfi exprefla Scriptural verba ita exponant, 
ut a verbis abducant, & pro parabolicis habeant ? 
quod verum eft. Inveniemus enim eos dixifle di- 
(ftum Scripturas, ^Ipfe percujjit duos Ariel Moab,Xo- 
tum efle figuratum : eodemque modo quod dixit, 
Ipfe percujjit Leonem in medio cijierna^ &c. figu- 
ram efle. Item didum ipfius, ' ^is potabit me 
aqua ? casteraque qu^ [ibi] narrantur omnia figu- 



Mf,-,-.st,v> ^-.r,v» »►^ ^vi,-, ,w», X^.» » J« '■^"^ ^"^- Similiter liber Jobi integer, juxta quof- 
I'npna^J^ nng p J^rin Ssj' n:D m dam, parabola fuit, nee quern in Inem pofita fit 
to 'ty 'a V.2N^3 ntDin t>^ \rh'^^^)^ dedaratur. Eodemque modo quod locutus efi: 
♦ly nJO Ipai^D' t>5^ JN^ V1:7K Xin Ezekiel, dixemnt quidam eorum, Parabolam 
finjN^N OX'^n ^y\ nNitrm 7nV "-^D fUifl'e, multaque funt ejufmodi. Quod fi fueris 
n'3'D^K n'nni^oVN H'QD^K na'aiS^ Cheus tu) utriufvis harum Sedhrum priorum, ver- 
riVpliSx IdSk nnj>?SN ■^^<n;;^? np X'iih bis meis de re aliqua hue fpedante ne attendas, 
\!2 hT> nn t<V{^ t*^nN:U?n nn^n Sn "^l"^ ^"'"^ expediet tiW ex iis quicquam ; fed e 
10D7N") DinSxi SvdSn Sd« nNnVK contra tibi nocitura funt, tuque ilia odio habitu- 
ry-h-^ —T'-^ lyt'SJI in "ID *pSk 'D "^^ ■ 1^°'"°'^° ^"™ convenient alimenta cjuanti- 
iiJ-Htl,v»' ii-.o »-. -l,-,'.„, 'C-^U^^ tate tenuia, qualitate bene temperata, viro qui 
^^p-|^7^? -rnx jO D:D |N1 T^p^pn ^^^^tus fuerit alimentis malisi craflis ? funt enim 
|0 'ty -|'^ n-n J<0 ♦nCI rin^Nn^N ipfi „oxia, & faftidio futura. Annon vides quid 
rn^y flpn ^p;^"?** I^^i^^* NDD DnaN73 dixerit qui afllietus fuerat cepis &alIio & pifcibus, 
H'JC? n'2m *7h21 p njN □V.iri de Manna, ^;i -6(7^ ejt, ^ anima nojlra averfatur 
DnnD nS'lNn ^5 ri^DftSx IQN;; iQidm panem levem^ &c. Quod fi ex iis fueris qui ter- 
t<OD DNIvSn 'Sni prha SniO niJlS tiae Claflis funt, quotiefcunque occurrit tibi quid 
»-)2-| -|^v 3ir01 YSn n^n a^^iD^ /ND ''^ verbis eorum quod refugiat intelleftu^, fac ibi 
aV IK nsn ^rxSa SpKHS nox fubfiftas, ac fcias aenigma efle & parabolam, ac 
DnS2^N2 nn3K InSnI Wn nSS^ Frnojaes animo occupatus, ac cogk^^^^^^^ 

, iJ . . . nxus in e us interpretatione, follicite rationem yen 

^^*^ .NMO ™»\\ O^J^N, nn-HN , ^s*0 ^a indagans, & fententiam redtam, ficut dicit, " Jd 

inveniendmn verba voluntatis^ IS fcripturam reSfi- 
tudinis, verba veritatis. Perpende autem verba 
mea, e quibus utilitatem, volente Deo, capturus 
es. Ac jam de eo quod inftitui dicere incipiam. 
Scias, ficut nee ccecus colores, nee furdus vocesi 
neque impotens veneris voluptatem veneris perci- 
pit ; ita nee corpora voluptates animi proprias afle- 
qui-, & quemadmodum pifcis elementum ignis 
non habet cognitum, cum ipfe in ejus contrario 
degat } ita nee in mundo hoc corporeo voluptates 
mundi fpiritualis dignofci ; ac certe non eft apud 
nos ulla omnino praeter eam corporis, & quam 
fenfus e cibo, potu, & venere percipiunt, volup- 
tas. Quicquid ultra eft, nobis plane incompertum 
eft, adeo ut illud cogitationum primordiis, aut a- 
liter quam multa adhibita diligentia, difcernere at- 
que apprehendere nequeamus. Atque ita fe res 
habeat necefle eft, cum in mundo fimus corporeo^ 
ideoque non aliam quam ejus voluptatem percipi- 
amus ; quod ad voluptates autem fpiritiiales, ea: 
perpetuae funt, ntinquam ceflaturae, nfec ulla eft 
omnino inter ipfas & has proportio, neque nobis vel lege velMetaphyficorum inter Philofophos 
Vol. I. P [fententia] 

" ■ ' "2 Sam. xxiii. 20. ' lb. v. 15. - ^ Efcclef. xii. 10. 



rsrha xd":^' >h nodi . h'JKDSjSN 

"I'^'iD my. '3 n31D7 nXJ'^N DpDDI^ 

*iKCDJ7j< Dbjij^Sx Kin 'S dSj;' »s^ 
tb ^1 ♦j^nnSx Qb^5J;7K n^rb'z 
DNDivSN tth nu rth nji3 sjhj;; 
aNj?o'7N p DNin'^K "jsm^ii topa 
ma '-^-^ no noi hNSiVxi DKnty'?i<i 
x^i ^JnT'Oi ts'^i "ti^io '^'^ s<JnJi? 

'3 K:roS ^Sn 2ji no:ni TfiD. pinri 

'na n'^Noai'^N hn-iSSi^ nond nn*^*? 
n-in pi .snp uh^ rTj;top:o n'j ho'Nn 
m> a^^ nijiSx io njiD rDDJ nN■^SV^t 
|,2 p'nNbs7K n:y j<Si i^nc^^j* '3 s;j7 

rTD'«707N JN ^Ipi jK nSDN'737K 



S8 



P R f A M S I S. 



[fententia] conceditur, ut itngells, ftelli$, & 

fphaeris, nullam cfTc voluptatcm aflferamus. Qui- 

nimo magna admodum iis, ex eo quod de Crea- 

tore intelligunt, oritur voluptas : atque inde fit 

ut perpetua fruantur & quae nunquam ceflat vo- 

luptate : non eft tamen ipfis voluptas [aliqua] cor- , _ _ . 

porea, nee earn percipiuht, cum non fint illis, ut "^^^ IHJ "p"Ti ND KHD f1D~)"l' NiSliD 

nobis, fenfus, qujbus ea quae nos percipimus afle- "pfO "IK^TJ 'SrH jO NJO 'DiD NiX ^Hi 

quantur : eodemque modo, cum e nobis quis dig- j-inISSn *1'T1» \fh mO^N 1^3 T\Trh^ 

nus faftus fucrit qui gradum iftum poft mortem ^ry ^j^i Vhi< Ni"nn» nSi n'JNODJ^l^ 



Sa ftf? MnS iTo»S "^K^ai^SKi aatriDSKT 



confequatur, non amplius voluptates corporeas .^ ^C,^^, .^ ^^ [^ amhn ^SoSx 

pcrcepturus eft, eafve appetiturus, magis quam ' .„j[.L,, ' i. ' L^. ^.T. ..i-.. '1 L 

Sex, magni regni Dominus. regno fuo exul cu- P^^^f '^ "[^^^K i;;V J?J|T1 HD^D 

piat, ut ad pih lufum in plateis redeat, etiamfi •'^f WNTO JOS t>tj 



1'7'Y) "pDht^ h): tr\±ii -pro 3;?SSj« 
Nj;»oi inoK7N3 nSnj ij)? n:D n.ii' jTrg 



flierit tempus quo fine dubio lufum iftum pili reg 
no anteferrct, viz. cum adhuc puer utramque re- 
rum iftarum fimul expertus non fuiflet : ficut & 

nos hodie voluptatem corpoream, ei quae animae _ 

propia eft, anteferimus. Cum autem voluptatum JtinNlSx niSSK riDSDD ' ^^''''fs^hbii 

iftarum bmarum quahtatem perpendens, unius VI- Qi^jjn^SK NTH '5 l9l ftJNnSN rH'STI 

Jitatem, & altenus dign^atem, etiam m hoc mun- ^^^C, l,^ ^ ^^ ^ 'Li^ 

do, facile dienolces. Homines enim plerofque, ^.^...L..» .^ - • — » • j/u 

vel potius omnes, cernimus animis ac corporibus W^^^ P QiaKD^NI DHDaiy \hnrV 

fuis moleftiam & laborem, quo nullus gravior effe ^P' '3 ^'^V Jf'tO iO NO 3;rn^J<1 

poteft, imponere, ut gradum fiiblimem confequan- iti^N rTim DXJ7N natQJ/* li* HTsJ") 

tur, aut magni ab hominibus fiant ; non eft autem "I'DD ^SiDI 3Nl5y K"71 CK^D Hi?? HD'S 

hasc voluptas eadem cum ilia quae a cibo aut po- n"l"1j; |0 OXpnJK^N "inV DXi^X p 

tu provenit. Similiter multi vindidam de inimi- Tq "^'nil OD J'PN riK^S TO "I'rO '^1? 

cis fiimendam multis corporis voluptatibus prae- /ixI'^Vn tO tlD' ^iD Dbi'S 3Jm DNJ'7J< 

fcrunt: qum&multietiam maximas inter cor- -L,^ ,3 ^^l^^^^, .j^ j_,^,jy^ fl^JKODjVN 

pons deledationes rugiunt, vel opprobru & dede- .' j. ^u.. .v» ^L.^L... .- ^^^.. ... 

wris ipfas fecuturi mttu, vel fam^ confequend^ ^V ^^ J?* ^^^t ^° "-'^" ^** '^ 

defiderio. Cum ergo ita comparats fint res in ^"^V^ «tn 'S «i7Nn niK3 NINfl ipn 

hoc etiam mundo corporco, quanto magis in fii- p7N;^7X '3 "]'n}<33 >inDn ♦JN0DJ7i< 

turo, ubi animae noftrae de Creatore, quantum J^^ ^^ ^'^'^ 0711^11 _im ♦JNDDJ^K 

corpora coeleftia, aut etiam amplius, percepturae vP^^ ^^ ^^^ "^'^ HNDSn |0 ^{JDfli^f 

fint. Neque enim voluptas ifta in partes diftri- -^Sn |^?3 "lASN *>« n''6;;'7N* □NIJk'tK 

buitur, neque enarrari poteft, neque reperitur fi- -jji* j<^i t^'^nn vh^ NrinM nS hi'^bK 

militudo aliqua quacuni comparari poflit j verum, ^^^ l,^ ^^l^^ -,C,j-, p,^ L^^^n "^NllO 

uti dmt Propheta ems magnitudinem admira- ^^ ^^ ^^^ .^ ^^ L, L, 

tus, ^ Smam magna eft bomtas tua, quam recondiflt _,.^.^l -,L..J^^L.-..L il.M.. ....... -1 ^ 

ita dixerunt, q. p. In mundo future nee eft efus, |»N NiH oSlJ^H n^T Kl'^Kp XlDm ']3 

nee pot us y nee lotto, nee unclio, neque ufus leSfi 

conjugalis, veriim fedent jufti eoronas in capite gef- 

tantesy Csf voluptatem e fplendore majeftatis divi- 

na capientes ; ubi verbis iftis. Coronas in eapite 

geftantes, innuit duraturam efle animam duratione 

dbjefti fcientias fiiae, efleque ipfam & ipfiam rem 

unam, ficut & a Philofophis peritioribus multis 

modis, quos hie explicare longum eflet, declaratum 



DOtyv D'pTy K7K c'oe^n nSt hd'd 
Mi'DE^n vro pn:i nn^e^Kna pn»m"ij3;?T 

nSDti^aSK riino ki-idt nod. "thni n:r 
pn: ^ n'^ipi Njrr Nnnnc; S"m» p-ian 



eft : eo autem quod dicit, Voluptatem capientes e DflJN7N "pp |N "|Vi3 HH' HiOC^n VrO 



fplendore divine Majeftatis, animas iftas eo quod 
de Creatore intelligunt, oble<5lari, quemadmodum 
animalia fanfta, & reliqui angelorum ordines, eo 
quod de eflentia ipfius percipiunt. Beatitudo au- 
tem & finis ultimus eft, ut quis ad himc coetum 
fupremum pertingat, & gradum iftum confequa- 
tur, duretque anima in eo quern defcripfimus fta- 
tu, in aeternum, juxta durationem Creatoris glo- 



Moo nND^N [0 Sprn N03 iiron 
r-iNp3tD TNDi tympn r\y^n n'^nDn 
rniji p i<b\>); X03 T\yvht±>ii 



hma 



'0 ^lynSxi '"^^N^N nVoS« Nin '^n 
'Sn n3Q:;i nod d3:Sn Npni "inbN N-in 
mNjn '>i nN37N Npno n'Nni nS no 

rb NHDKyiNS NHNpa D2D in 'i^N 

in Nim 'SiNn .nsoSa^N 'a, p' npd 
nn D{<pvn»D nS ^tiSn p'tiij^SN td^n 



riofi, qui caufa eft durationis ejus, eo quod ipfum 
apprehendat, quemadmodum in Philofophia pri- 
ma traditum eft: atque hoc certe bonum eft mag- 
num, cui aequari aliud non poteft, cuique nulla CD'Nl'??* ^DO' fl'Dl Nn3 SllO* nl^ ih\ 
voluptas fimilis eft. Quomodo enim comparabi- n'^pim j;*Op:oSN 'U^SnD rf^r\^ vh 'b'X 
tur quod perpetuum eft fine termino, rei qua ^^, ^\T\i<P^ "iS 3*0" rVO^ h^Vr\ 
finemhabet? atque hoc eft quod dixit Deus,";t// ^L^ l^, ^^ j^ ^ ' . 



bene Jit tibi, ^ prolonges dies 



Ut 
cujus didi explica- 



?'■• 



tionem 



\ P&l. zxxi. 19. 



■ Deut. ir. ^.o. 



PORTA M S t S. 



S9 



nD"itim y\^ 'h^'^V oSiyS iS atO» |roS tionem tradltlone acCepImus, 17/ ^m^// tibiy iii 

niNDtrWl Tt« toty ^^'^'ih D*0' fsculo quod totum eft bonum, Csf^^ro/ow^^j^w, 

NnDX^mDSSK I^XCpJN in hVoKD^N >n f^culum quod totum eft longum. Miferia 

r 2l.» «-,^l,v> ^-^^ iiUv*", i^vi-fr, v^ 'w-. ^"^"^ perfefta eft, ut excifa pereat amma, ne du- 

^OIdSk n-lD^K '^T^^T\^^^:^ ^inn Vb ,N1 ^^^^.^ confequatur, quod eft Cereth, cuius irt 

D3:^V ;^KDp]K nn^Sx 'J;;pi n->in"7K '3 jege fit mentio.^ Signlficatus autem CerT£, 

J^^nn U?Din niDn ttory 7NJ7\ i'2 XD3 Exddium anims, quemadmodum explicavit, di- 

dSi;?D rran □N7D7K Op'^y ^Jlbspl cans, Exfcindefido exfcindetur anima ifta: dicunt 

axnoSx SxpT NDH D^l;;"? niDH nrn autem q. p.^ " Exfcindendo in hoc Jacuh^ Exfcinde- 

"bl? p Sds "ID"! mini" 'jiin e^oj nntm 
nnS.v "inn rtixoDi^K nx-i'^SK ''^k 

'DjSk |0 npi taps ru?'op3a rnxo 'pi'i 
NiSxpi i*^ HDna'? nen^' yhr^ o'nbK 



autem q. p. 

tur in f^culo futuro : dicitque Sctiptura, Sit ani- 
ma Domini mei colligata in fafciculo vita, &c. 
Quicunque enim voluptates corporeas fedatwr, &, 
rejedaveritate,quod faifumeft ampleftitur, gradu 
ifto excelfo excidit, & materia tantum feparata 
remanet. Saeculum vero futurum fenfibus cor- 
poreis nequaquam apprehendi irtdicat Propheta 
hoc ipfius dido, » Oculus non vidit, O Deus, pra- 
ter te quid faciat expeSfanti ipfum. Ad quod ex- 



dSi;;.! SdK n'CV'Sn rr\dh N7N 1KD3ni plicandum dixerunt, Omnes Propheta univerfm 



--■ "A^ I *1^^, ^'"^ f~i7'i«/itJ ,.yj^ mentio eft in lege, eorum interpretatio hac 

^ly^ y^trmii rnn n7nnOX ^N "|7 eft quam tibi indicatums fum : fcil. dicere ipfum, 

jrOpJl ^?^♦D 7N0D7N1 Nn7NnnpN '7^ fi obfecutus fueris iftls prsceptis, opem tibi fere- 

Vh JN'DJN^X |K7 KhSd p'Kiy'^X y,'!f mus ad ea praeftanda, & perfeftionem iis [acqui- 

J?»N*J Nbl V'^O N7 nnK2iV7K t<330n rendam] _ omniaque quas te impediant tollemus : 

nnn Sn1T3 "U;"IQ n:in3 '3 i*7l lyCDNj; nSi "^q^^ enim poteft quis ipfi Gultum prasftare, fi vel 

Soon 'm tlJinnn nm;' Onj.Sl NhSd morbo kboret, vel fame opprimatur, vel fiti, ne- 

j^DH D7n;?n -n'? idh r\T\vd7ii onS ?"^^""° ^"^vf-f -^Ir u ^gj^"'- o'""'^ ^^ ^mo- 

3Vi)n *}« minVK rtW D'Ss turumpromittit,ipfofquebonavaletudme&tran- 



» . )>' ■ 'ti ' L" ~ quillitate fruituros, quo perficiatur ipfis fcientia, 

8<03N1 DNDJKSn TOni nXO^TN'^K 'jltDMl ^ ^ita mundi futu?i digni fiant. Neque enin^ 

N»C^N7i< —inn ^i^7^<nnO^< P^r |N1;» is legis finis eft, ut uberes proventus faciat terra, 

pHDNp); iND N1"U?n ]K n^31 ^'"173 & producantur hominum vitae, ac convakfcant 

^l TH ^rb'2 p'Wiy7K *^7n liinn |N corpora, verum ut his rebus omnibus adjuventur 

•^l^p KttDI rin'7Wf KlSpj;' jN OniDO* homines ad ipfam prasftandam. Eodemque modo, 

J<nN3 'IDI ♦'♦ JIK mD;r J^ ItyN nnn ^' tranfgreffi effent, hoc erit ipfis in poenam, quod 

HTJn 3'Jj;Sj< SoNnSx Knn rbmn conOngerent ipfis ifta impedimenta omnia, aded 

J;»^n&•^^t rnn m nSl?3 in V ™«3 f "5 facere non poffent, ut & dixit 'Prop. 

|N3 Hrb-2 iinb}? I^T^ pm nnnoa fententiam hanc admirandam perpenderis, 

rV'V.iKI ];:N10'7N1 p^Kl^^bK -jay Vri perinde fe habere ac fi dixifTetrSIquadar 



/erf« j«Oi/ »o« colueris Dominum, (j}c. Ubi autem 

invenies 
m horum 
prseceptorum ex amore fedulo prsftiteris, opem 
tibi ad ea omnia [prasftanda] feremus, a te ob- 
ftacula & impedimenta auferendo. Quod fi aliqua 
ipforum neglexeris, ea vili pendens, impedimenta 
tibi quae ab iis omnibus impedient, immiflliri fu- 
mus, adeo ut perfeftionem confequi non valeas 
neque durationem : atque hie fenfus eft ejus quod 
dicunt, q. p. Merces pracepti praceptum, Amer- 
ces tranjgrefftonis tranfgrejjto. Quod autem ad 
Paradifum, locum, fcil. fertilem in fphasra terras, 
aquis irriguum, fruftibus abundantem, quem fu- 
turum eft ut Deus hominibus detegat, iifque viam 
ad ipfum monftret, ut in eo obleftentur, ac in 
quo forfitan reperientur plantas admodum miras, 
magnae utilitatis ac fuavitatis, ab his quje nobis 
notae funt, diverfae ; haec omnia ejufmodi funt quas 
fieri poflunt, neque longe ab intelleftu remota, 
fed concefili facilia, etiamfi eorum non meminifiet 
lex, multo magis ciim in lege expref& fuerint, & 
manifefta. Quod ad Gehennam vero, eft illud 
nomen cruciatus quo torquendi funt mali, cujus 
defcriptio manifefta in Talmude non habetur. Di- 
cunt autem nonnuUi, appropinquaturum ipfis fo- 
lem eofque torrefadturum, ad quod probandum adhibent di<5lum ipfius, i ^ia ecce dies venit, ar- 
dens injlar fornacis^i^c. Autumant alii, aeftum mirum in corporibus ipforum oriturum, qui ea com- 

buraty 
I Sam. zzv. 29. f Ifa.lxir, 4. f 1 Siin, xxviii. 18. ^ Maliv. i. 



"]*7 D7jj NDxsiinDN Nnitj;^ ^mo 
Sytt ah ♦nn nh^^'dj p "Tyjon j;jn"io 
tDn?ip »j;^o 11 N-ini Kp3 nSi 7Nod "j"? 
Tny^ rroy nsa^i niva TWio ^yij ri 
n^SN rro py-i'D yinoa {-rri p nojki 

Tsp-no h^ anSnn SapnooS^ «3 DNiS'? 
nxmD3 TVQ "liv '7^71 na . po;?3n'3 
rfiSSs rlThD yojbN ram k-ij rianj 
n^D Kim nh:;? hmnE^pN vr(n -i»j 

JNn npi q'33 n;?ne^'';N main dS 17 
Djnj NOiNi -iniri nj;niy'7K ^3 Nin 
dS o'yanSN -jm^ cSn ?;r hnN3;r M3 

onjo iipn Doiy^K hy Dnij;! 
Dvn nin ^s rhyp'2 Sinon nnpnnns 
rriKin 7ip' oniiyDi 'idi nunD n;;'i3 Na 
onpnnnfl □hondjn '3 liinn.rinnj 



%6 P R r A M Q S I s: 

burat, qHod probant dido ipfiiis, ' Spiritus vefter, flJ^'^C? 'TJ,\X'lp jO f^^i^ D'HCn. n'TtHf 

/^»/j <:««<fif/ WJ. Quod ad refurreaionem autem nSoVN3 DNDHIK nSi JH nS rr2?,'D 

mortubrum, eft ea fundamentum e fundamentis j^nJD^ "l^T "Iprii?' N*7 pS riniiT'^N 

legis Mofts, quam fi quis non crcdat, non eft q^q^;, ^-y^^). riDI n*2.'{<-)D fJI ii^)i&h 

ipfi in Judaeorum Religione fors aut locus. Per- Q,p,-,yU, q^^^^H n'nm □'I^tr")^'! □'pnvS- 

tinet ea aid folos virtute praeftantes. Lxprelle e- ^ J:^„ __. ..„l,^,>,L„^ „„,,, „,_, L-,^- 

him diciturin BereJhithRabba, Dmi/o fluvU ^^^^ °^^ pO^NO^» ^T' ^I'^T 12^3 

juftot-nmfmul eft fcf injufterum, at refurreUio mor- US^^n Hj; N"l*?{*p NiDm cnnN'n 'O iSy 

/ttw«»» juftorum tantitm. Ac quomodo viduri Q'pnVI DTIO i'N"l"ip □H'TtD iVOX 

funt injuffi, cum^mortui fint etiam dum vivunt? »y dSj^NI D"n DWlp ^nTl'OD l^p^y 

"ita dixerunt, q. p. Mali etiam dum vivunt mor tut ^^in Hrh Sn^l nimi ms' TNDJx'^k^f 

anellantur: at jufti etiam f oft mortem vivi audi- ^^, .^^^ ,,-,q n^On ni:2» NOlSI niQ 

««/. Scias autem hominem neceflario mori,. & in " ' < • 
illud e quo compofitus eft refolvi. Quod ad dies 

' Mejfta autem, funt illi tempus, quo reftituendum 
eft Jfraeli regnum, ipfique in PaUftinam redituri. 
Erit autem Rex ifte potens, cujus regni metro- 

"polis erit Zion, cujus nomen celebre ac ultimas 



pan Dj<e^SK pK p;^j-i'i binqh n»3 -j'^o*?*^ 
Dqn P'v hdVo riirNp D'^;pS^^ n^'2^^ 1^ 
"jSop Dtbj;j« nN^K pxsN N**?/::'! ncoft 
nj;vt3m S'7oSx n.tD'^NDm "inDKi noW 

■ terrae partes fama impleturum, Salomone major ac ht 'fl nSil'l n'^'^K nytOp' H'Sv DID' 10 "^DV 



nrn Dbi;?n pn pi< D'ODnSb p :i 'rNX^V 



'7N Svn \'\y Npt:^ SpN* in^djn'?^ Npa?» 
Tyyr^v^ onSip 'jj70 in sim.o'pj; tk3 
n^'P '"701 niNpDiSi n'vihV Skij^* pi* 
NiDK' N'sy nnK "iji k-ik pip* DNJS^« |n9 
•iiDDo QN;;toi rpDO dd jN^a nji kmo 
n3J ♦J2"i pj'^x Sip Kin 'Sir •]^»'n> 
rnnVi* on |K S'Sn DD^oniDi d^hdj* 
S'NpVK DDn'^K N-in rin -jbibi nNi-nVN\ 

»7j; ox'^dSn ]tbi pJ'^K Nnn n:;r nns* 



I ditior, quocum pacem initura; funt gentes & ob- 
fequium ipfi prasftitutas provincial, ob infignem 
ipnus juftitiam & quae ab ipfo fient miracula. 
Quod fi quis in ipfum infurrexerit, perditum ilium 
in manum ipfius tradet Deus. Omnes autem 

"fcripturas textus, turn ipfius, tum noftram quam -.- c"' " 

per eum [confequemur] felicitatem predicant. ^1^4*7X1 'Ip^N nON'N 'fl p3n -13^3 

At non mutabitur in rerum natura quicquam ab DN'Kv'N "^TTl 'S |3b Wfl '^}? p3NyN7J<2 

to quo nunc eft ftatu, nifi quod regnum penes '^^ " 
Ifraelem futurum fit. Ita exprefle dixerunt Sapi- 
entes, Non eft inter f<fculum hoc i£ dies Mejfta 

' [difcrepantia] f rater feibjugationem regnorum tan- 
turn. Eruntque fiib ipfo alii aliis fortiores & de- 
biliores ; verum iftis diebus facilis admodum pa- 
ratu hominibus erit vidus, adeo ut quam mini- 
ma fieri poflit moleftia magnum quis aflequatur 

lucrumi atque hue fpeiftat quod dicunt, Futu- _. ,. _ _.. 

rum eft ut producat terra Ifraelis placentas ^ S'Np^K DDH'^K Nnn j*in "jb'^1 nNi'nVN\ 

ntHauuveftes Jericas ' : dicunt enim vulgo, cum quis oV KO n3]7 mWD .'Sj^ DnSd'^N KinS 

refri facile & in promptu invenerit, Invenit 6 ^y OX'^dSn Itbl Vlj'^K 

Jam panem piftumi^ cibumcoSlum: ({Modxitm- p,u-, nDNmN mp 'Sv nDIXJD ninS'ti) 
dicant Scrjpturj verba, ' £r««/?«. «//.^^^^^^^ i^ ^^^ ,L, i^,^i^ ^NIjSn in ^n 

fricoU veftrt tr vinitores veftri ; ita fimul rutu- ^_u ..»_ c._^ . ._ L..^ — L L_ . - ' 

fam tunc temporis arationem & meflem probant ; ^^^^^^ ^'^D mbii:i rhu'^inDii nppxm 

quare iratus eft Sapiens ille qui banc fententiam I^>"' 1^°^^ V^ 'P h^W^ii nTiV^^KI 

protulit Difcipulo fuo, qui banc ipfius fententiam *ri7X n^^BHn niD7p "113^2^ JO mnDi 

non intelligens, verbis prout fonant acceptis, ipfi CbijhH "TtD'l HPbD 7^ii)i&?ii ]V KJp1);ri 

pro modulo captus fui refponfum, quod revera ♦'♦ nx iTJ^T pixn ns'^O '3 7Kp HDD 

nullum eft, reddidit. Neque enim ipfum prout t<Sl 7Np NOp DnnSxi \r\d7ii ];D p}r\^ 

veritati confentaneum eft refpondifle, argumento -j\)^ ^tj v^y yif^^ jj-^^q ^in 'Ijl '^N '1J IKSy* 

eft quod reponit "iV. refpondeas ftulto juxta „„:, ^^ ,p^^, ^,^2 '^^^^^ q^„^;^ 

ftultitiam fuam. Magna autem temporum ifto- ^_._„ ,l,„ »-,»»-♦ *,,....,l,v« v»*« —L. _ 

^rum fcelicitas erit, quod tunc a jugo regni mali, V^^ J]^^ ^^E "™1 ^^'I ^^^^"^ 

quod nos ab omnium virtutum ftodio retinet, '^V '"^^ '"~"'* I -* ^pinj^N' pNI 

Uberdbimur, aC multiplicabitur fcientia, ficut dixit, ^^{^0 ]nX3 D'C?' np pin* N71 r]7\y n'? 

» j«/<? replebitur terra fcientia Domini,to\knt(u:que 7113^1 Kni NO'tili; NOKH r\y?D Dn»l 'lD1 

lites & bella, ut & dixit, " Nee toilet gens in gen- |NinN*7N ;rKQn"){<3 \ii^ .ii)tii "IKQ^nSk 

tern gladium, conceffa illis qui tunc vivent perfec- 133r>D' ^><71 IKpyK'^J* Slton INDJnSnI 

tione magna qua ad vitam faeculi futuri pertmgant. j^o^nSx \ih X^&?ii flxSN nnD^^OO D«n 

Monetur aOteni Mejftah regnabuntque poft ip- j^jj SyNS'^K :^^hii fK I'^Np Tp 

fomfUius &nep6tes.Moriturumemm ipfum m- ^^^^ qL,, p-,^^, ,^. ^L ^ ^1 
dicat Deus, jVow caligabtt, nee frangetur^ donee I ' I > -* -« 

/><?»«/ in terra judicium, iic. At diutiffime duraturum eft regnum ipfius, ac longasvi tunc ho- 
mines futuri. Sublatis enim doloribus & moleftiis prolongantur vitae: neque certealienum a vero 

eft, 

' Ifa. xxxiii. I li • Prior Editio fie habuit, [vtftei, Melotas,fericas.'] — Melotas autem in Margineponendum, ut 

Vocis Hebraic* foniJit) magis quam fenfum hoc loco exprimat, quamvis enim Heb. PP'D, Veftes Serica:, a^itX«n for- 
mari videatur, aliter tamena Judafcis exponitur, fcil. •^^•i mjl p^lNim Wp33 DiplDI "inn vysjop. Supellex lerica, tc 
opcR variegato, aoroque ordati, k ejufmodi. Verba funt R.Tanchom, qui rO'^'Kt & Nb^D fynonyma effe ait, pvrtni VI/pJ 
ret opere variegato, auroque, five piflura exornare, denotantia. ha coruxitClAuSlor inmt, aifinmhtjui tra^atm. 
flCi. Ixi. 5. "Prov. jwvi. ^ Hab. ii. 14. rMic. iii. a. »ifa, xlii. 4. 



PORTA M S I S: 6i^ 

^Si^D^Nl i^'-^ba "rihyh i<h n^tyoSx DK|N eft, duratumm regnum ipfius ad qusdam anno-> 

^rh^ii nxSxi mc;:i S»D^K 3D"»:'7K7'I rum millia. Aflemnt enim, Bonorum confortium,' 

l^i^iN.I SlpJ77N* "DSniobiS |b» XOD "^^ coaluent, non facile diflblvi. Non autem adeo 

J^SvsSn Nnnpliym NOiN^K KnnXiOn ^efiderandi funt dies Meft^, ut vel multiplicentur 

L L L.« , .d« • > J J.V, l^.iLr« adhibitis inftrumentis mufic s compotemus, ut ex- 

nSa^K blJTT arVNI n:DnSN m^D^NI jftin^ant qui confofi funt intelledhx , verim eos- 

'^Np J<OD nnNp ,0 nnnpl nniy OtpJ^I optamnt Prophets & avide expedarunt viri pra- 

rU^nty . fiSci ^KhnONI nriK 02 rt? ftantes ob illam, qua; tunc futura eft, bonorum fo- 

")Di N^l p7p N7l ^^0 "^'J \D nVD cietatem, converfattonem probam, & fcientiam, 

'IDI '\nx^'^ nj^ U^'K noS' >iS n:;i }<0D Regifque juftitiam & infignem fcientiam, gra- 

DJDp lyi □S'n;ia'7 TIIK "II^"!") D'7'ID 'D dumque quo ad creatorem fuum eft, propinquum 

\:ii^ii d9 'np'Dni oaSn win 'nnii (^'^"* ^p'' *^'^'*' "" '^^ " ■^^'^•^ "^^"•^) quodque tota 

rnn 'fl TOjSx nnn to TliDI ODna^DO ^«^-fLexfmefaftidio,perturbationeautcoa<aione 

C^iyn^n Kpi« rrNJ7K1 Nnp N7': Kan ^^„^ ^ »2^^Kofor«»2 «/j«f ad parvum eorum ■: po- 
Nin "ibi '^?i?l ♦W37t< in KmnJ^ N^n namque Legem meant in corde ipforum, £s? auferam 
"pP^ 'V:fpbj< n\VpN.'3 pn7JO T107N corlapideum e carne vejlra, ^c. (cum multis e- 
DnV ty 7{Oa?' 73 ^NpD "|T1 *")D KO jufmodi Scripturas locis eodem fpeftantibus :) qui- 
ri'NjSK Knj")D ];Q1 N2n □S"lj;S pSn bus moribus firmiter apprehenditur fsculum fu* 

turum. Quod autem ad finem ultimum, eft ille 
faeculum futurum, quo enitendum. Ideoque finem 
ilium refpiciens [Dodor] ifte veridicus, omiffis 
aliis, Omni Ifralita (inquit) fors eft in f^eculo fu- 
turo. Quamvis autem fit ipfum finis, non ta- 
men debet ille, qui fe fervum ex amore praeftare 
velit, ideo Deum colere ut mundum futurum 
acquirat ; uti in prscedentibus explicavimus ; fed 
eaquam defcripturus fum ratione: fc. quod ubi cre- 

^_ _ .^_ diderit collatam prophetis a Deo fcientiam qua 

bC»V3 jNDJK '^Vn J^J^Xl Q'NnDbK \]^ ^°s docuit ita fe habere virtutes, ita vitia, opor- 
nplj;' nh ^^ IKD^K^K Siva p rJO ^^^ i^^^m, qua hominem rede difpofitum, vir- 
KnaiSyO NP33 nOSJ ^Ti'Zn m p'{<p tutes fedan vma autem fugere: quod cum fe- 
. ,^_, ' ,,,^ I _- „^_ ^d,„-, ;- ' ri.Jl cent, impletum eft m ipfo illud quod hominis 
^;■^m {>JJ0K OD N3n O^iri in Nini nomine innuitur, ipfeque a^eftiis diftindus. Cum- 
|\V TISD D1DD Vnn 1^ n7"lp '3j;0 in quejamevaferithomo perfedus, eft e diffbrentiis 
3'Dn7N* ]^ Xn;^iNO 'n7« 'JJ;* 1D1 J'^n hominis, cui non obftat impedimentum aliquod, 
DNOr'^NI DKJ^^ND rl^?i) p 'ty in ^^0J^{ hoc, utanima ipfius duratione ejus quod fcit, per- 
n^iKD X\y NipJNT "jSiD jNOiK^K pD' D»7 duret, quod eft (uti explicavimus) fasculum futu- 
}>nx ri'iNDJNSi^ nnny 'J);;N PTDDJ njO nim. Atque hue fpedat illud quod dicit, ' Ne 
npJD' ^>sQQ rnyilSn 'n hSoND n^iO -^^^-^ "^ fj«aj £5? mulus quibus non eft intelleSlus, 

^c. i. e. quibus, illud quod eos retinet, ne libere 



nnnxD nmj; pD» ?n nn* |oS 'j3J» nS 
i<JO NOD. N3n □7i;?n 7k:»7 nn;?' |j< 
f)VN* nji '^y nD>" No:x"i onpn iso '3 
D^j; on. ]KD npnj^K Nix njt* "^Sn 
onpS;; nSb.s Sip p }<:a:j?Sj< ha Svi 
♦n ^'NinSNi X"iD 'n '?\^ita'7« jn na 
|x "rywD jNDiK in n^n p r\'t2t> nId 
5<iN3 TNnibN DJnj'i VnvidVn 'nK» 
bvajNi ?ndjnSko;70 n'fl Sod t<in 7;r£j 



nynn .'ni *r>'Nin ^oonn ^^^ SkodSn 
^rini S'Ni:sS« 'ni nD Sod* ^4o h:; 
Dnox'^D riSpj p nj;; Svnn nSx in 
iddSn oqj^'^K i^'anSx 'iyo^K Nnn ^iD 
rnimSN j;'oj n'fl roA^ kSS'Sxn fiSiSDi 
j*ni'2J<i n-iui TioSnSN '3 fniiioSK 
p'NpnSN pDJtD' .kS'inh .KnSiKnfii 



e. 
evagentur, aliquid eft exterius additum, frcenum 
puta aut capiftrum ; homini vero non ita, ciam 
quod ipfum retineat ipfe fit ; viz. forma ipfius- 
humana, quae, ubi perfed^ fuerit, ipfum retrahet 
ab eo quod perfedioni ipfius obftat, qualia funt 
quascunque Vitiorum nomine appellantur : at e 
contra incitabit ad illud quo perficiatur ; nimi- 



t<2f'N OnON'7DD nSD "iSi h)^ SnnDNl r^m Virtutes. Atque hoc eft quod ex iis omni 



piio »snio Noi mnNb ny snjo no nntbJi 
Sdio SipD m-iD-ii di^Sk 'fi nj Knio koi 
*|b ^DJ ti'SNn'7N "jSn 'fli ntbp'SN'a nj njND 
j^'iTN^s hSoJ I'Di n^fji rtrnD nNiNpni^N 
Nnn 'onSd '3 Nn:o -|n'D;;N 'nSx 
'^n^' kSi Nn»S;? D'pn riTO' nxinioiK 
VPD '3 noonSx p 'onSd '3 nj no >S;? 
Snx t^mpny 'iNj^oi bi<3SNSK 
nnp'^N jsfin »3 nnoon '^nS rioDn'^N 



bus, quae de infigni hoc ac magni momenti argu- 
mento locuti funt, liquere arbitror. Compofiturus 
fum autem librum, in quo explicationes myfticas, 
quae in Talmude aliifque libris reperiuntur, omnes 
fimul colledas explicabo, atque interpretatione 
veritati congrua exponam, quam etiam totam 
ex ipforum verbis confirmans, indicabo quaenam 
ex illis prout fonant [accipiendae -,] quaenam para- 
bolas fint ; quaenam, cum in fomno acciderinti 



oratione tamen liberiori enarrentur, quafi vigi- 
'e^D nDJn rh Onpnn D*7 to Dn3iS ^^".'^ibus contigiflent : quo etiam explicaturus fum 

tibi opiniones multas, refque non paucas, qua- 
nim exempla tibi aliquot in hoc fermone meo dedi, e quibus de reliquis conjeduram facias. Ne 
autem mihi vitio vertatur illud, quod in oratione mea accidit, ut verbis quibufdam & notioiiibus, 
quas improbant fapientes, liberius utar ; hanc enim mihi libertatem indulfi, quo intelligere fa- 

Q^ cerem 

» Piid. ii. 7. ^ j„ jjjji j^ e pfiji. „xii, ,0. ^ 



62 



P R 1 A M S I S. 



cerem illutti, qui non prius in aliquibus ad ma- T\ysy vh ♦i*?N J^»3"lS X^h^ J<in tO 
teriam hanc {ublimem, quam non omnes capt- x^t^ ^n DTTlp'SN rtOSSi DNjSkV 73 
unt, fpeftantibus, inftitutus fuerit. _ PKHhSnI tlNp^HDNSK {>inNi;^0 n»3NnD 




CUJU 

legis 

que nomen hoc generaliter ei qui fundamenta le- D'aDn7N Jl.T TD IN jn^^lii -tj;N1p 

gis non crediderit, quive Sapientes, aut quemli- rTlKriDN' ")N* JN^ O'DDH "t'O'^n 'K IJ* 

bet ipforum difcipulum, aut praceptorem fuum '^'J'A '"^^D hsl7Np D*Jiy»nn Dnaoi 

contemptui habuerit, attribuitur. Libros exoti- C}Sl 7X1 [NDl ^0♦D p HAD ^Si31 

cos vocant, libros haereticorum, eodemque modo ^7 nDN"\BSN 'iKj^O p tK'in '3 3nD 

libros iff« 5/r<r. Fuit autem ille vir quidam qui tvihn xSk rn*K3 mSi KH'S dSv 

libros de rebus futilibus ad artemconjedandifpec- rtim^SxanDSN .Tin IHi J7KS »p "l.-nSx 

tantibus, quibus nulla ineft vel fcientia, vel uti- _„_, j,-,v4.-,L». »,^« ,„ -..-..L... ^/ 

litas, fed iiane temporis difpendium, c^mpofuit: ™ c,3^2^^^ .^T?. ? ^^r^^N -W;r 

quales funt & libri ifti qui reperiuntur apud ^r^- '^^^^^^ ^rsysT^^b^ J3NDJN1 -jI^oSn 

^^j, Hiftorici fcil. & de rebus geftis Regum, y^r^- ^If >>^ *^^K 3nD7K p i<nr\y\ 

bumque genealogiis, & Cantilenarum, cum ejuf- ^^^^ ^^^ flJJNODJ n*TN3 N71 NH'D 

modi aliis, in quibus neque ulla eft fcientia, nee D"liyD nDOH ^)J t'TVbTVi lOpiJ |N06^f 

utilitas ad corpus redundans verum mera tern- Dty7K n^NHK "]TI '3 TnS n'5p73 

porisjaftura. Kinn* ^K VmniN^ DC^H flK Hjinm 

^z adfufurrat plaga : ea nempe conditione, jy-iirjon Oiy NIH 'iSn NH INl NH ll* 

utcumemiffionefputifiat; quoniammhoceft j^nS^KDl nlH TJ N'l^N Nnsl -ini 

contemptus nommis divini. Et qui pronunttat .^.JL ,,», „^L^-, v«Uv»^ _i Ju Y \. 

nmen Uteris fuis : ut fciJ. profe'rat Tod, He, ^^I' 'Jfl jO'^pH NI^Np pVn l^? I'K 

r^K, He, quod eft nomen exprefTum. Quin & **^V'^^ F'^ °"^^^ P"" ""^ T^ O'^"*? 



alia recenfent 
habiturus partem 



quae qui fecerit nullam eft [ibi] J^ P7p3 ^JDnoni 1 __ _. 

..»^..^.^o ^.^..om. Dicunt enim, ^«i pWor^ af- ^N;r35<7N Hin p ':';ra TTi^ N*7 |N7 
j?c/7 yof /aw fuum coram multts, non efi Hit pars in Vhf^ DJ^KPN DJ;D |l'KJ2f nJND TNI 



mundo futuro : neque ei qui focium fuum agnomine 
appellat : aut qui contemptu focii fui ftbi gloriam 
quarit. Neque enim horum faftorum aliquod, 
etiamfi parva alicui videantur, aliunde procedit, 
quam ab animo vitiofo neutiquam perfefto, qui- 
que vitas fasculi futuri idoneus non fit. Porro, 
ex iis quag opus eft ut hic tibi commemorem, 
(eft enim hic locus illi commemorando aptiffi- 
musj eft articulos legis noftrae, ejufque funda- 
menta numero tredecim effe, 

Fundamentum primum eft, Effe Creatorem (cui 



p-iDiN ^N 3i» N001 K:in o'^ij/n ^rh 
SivN |N rrai'z pyiD pnN x-ini njh 
:rn;?Np rr\m rbt\ Nn-u^Kipi NJn;rnK; 
njNn^D nNa^N mil 'SinSn rnri^P^N 

ri2i Nnb riNTiJioSN niji nS;; in 
i'7i Np:iSN nanon njoi Nmiii oxn 
•^s mji '?D!i7 n-nii j^xonnN njttj 
i^i nniii!i SpnDo pn» dVi mjio 

lausOScil. Effe qui fit perfedliflimo effendi modo; hTJI Nn73 nNTlJIoSN ^TNfimN HTnn 

quique fit caufaquodfmtea quae funt omnia, quo- p,j^C, ^p^ kSi 'Wn mijl '^DD KoV 

que fuftineatur enentia ipforum, & a quo duratio- -,-,,,L 'J,-..;* .>, •^-^m-^.m .... ... .i_ 

Semhabeant,[ade6ut]fifuppofuerimusfublatam ^2^ CD^llf ^^^P^'^ '^^ '^^^ 

effeeiTentiamipfius,tollereturprotinuseffentiaom- '^"'^ ~lpy~N (O riNID NO '-?31 

nium qus funt, nee duraret quicquam fibi ad ^^^"^^ »*0^ "JN^SN'^N ON7JN1 nS'poSi* 

hoc ut effet fufficiens: Quod fi fuppofuerimus rrirn n»7N iTTljl '3 npnflO SdSn 

fublata effe quae funt omnia praeter ipfum, non Nn'*/^ '7l'?nD'7N M ♦71N7N nH^NpSi* 
telleretur effentia ipfius, nee defeftum pateretur. : «3Jj{ nD733 

Eft fiquidem Ipfe celfiffimus nullius indigens ad ^^N^^n nmm n^iNn^N nTrNp7N"l 

hoc ut fit, cum quicquid pr^er ipfum eft five ^^ ^^^^ L^^l^^ ^ ^^^ I l, 

Intelligent,* (Angeli fcil. & orbes coeleftes) ^l^^ ^^i^^ ^^^^^ l^ ^\^ ^ 

five quae infra eas funt omnia, ipfo, ad hoc ut .^ fv .^ u ^-..X ""-»'-» 

exiftant, indigeant. Atque hoc eft fundamentum ^^ ^^^ 3D-|,:D7N nnN17N 
primum, quod innuitur voce, Ego Dominus, i^c. 

Fundamentum fecundum eft Unitas Dei. fcil. 
Ilium [qui] omnium caufa eft, unum effe •, non 

tamen ut unum genere, vel fpecie, vel ut in- _ .. _ .^ ,^ 

dividuum unum compofitum quod in unitates H'^ShSn nTj^Np^N nim pjli rtim 

inultas dividitur •, vel ut corpus fimplex unum ^{<^k^» j^q^; r^h^p'2 HTyh^ "^iSioSn 'n 
numero quod divifionis & diftributionis in partes .-»i-tk» »\ ...-.u.. .t* 

mfinitas capax eft, vefum eum unum ene unitate ^.„ii,,..».-,iC.. ,.-. iij.L^.u.L.. ...^.^L 

cui non fit alia aliquauUo modo fimilis. Atque '^JT nUNOD Jn '3i nn^NTl^V n7rNp':'N1 

hoc eft fundamentum fecundum, quod indicatur *^~^ °^^ ^'^ *^" nnN17K »Snn JN -J/Tr 
dido ipfius, Audi Ifrael, Dominus Deus tuus unus eft. 

Fundamentum tertium eft, Amotio corporeitatis a Deo ; fcil. quod Unus ifte non fit corpus, 
neque potentia in corpore, neque accidant ipfi corporum accidentia, veluti motus, & quies, vel 

per 



pDi'7ND -inNi vh^ ri^na -iNnN*? 'dddj* 
'^Dp' '■i'^N m;r>N3 nnNi^N d'D37j< 
fl'Nnj N*? NO ''^N 'rinSNi dndpjnSn 
NnSiiOD D''7 nnnD nnxi 'SN^n in hi 



PORTA M S 1 S, 



63 



ONDJkVn* pHKlS nphSn kSi pDjV rilp per fe, vel per accidens: ideoque negSrunt, q. p. 

J-lNi'^Kn V7 I13D'7NT n3"iri7K SnO *P^^ attnbuendas efle conjuftionem & feparati- 

U2T\hv n:V ISJ nSnSl V'!r'?K3 nSi °"^'"' Vicentes, iWjaf /^«j, «,j«, ftatio, neque 

Nj^Sv^i '^xv'Qi.vSvi S^<vn^<b^« r^ahrhii ^'^P^' "5-''' ^PP"'' ^'^ ^^*' "^'l"^ feparatio (quod 

X*?! f)1i:? N^l m'Ci; N"?! rinV» K"? noj^en Ipfui defumptum eft ab eo quod dkitur, 

k'?1 i]y\:: im '^JiVaiJ^ N^ ii:r nSi; -^^ w«/^««/ in humemm PhiUJiJrum: i. imi 

^raz la^'l nblp jO ^IflV \^^ 7NVJnN pellent illos humero utpote iis conjundi. Dicit 

*inD7ND .□n;iJ?a'T 'J;;* □♦n?y'?a autem Propheta, Cui ajfimilabitis Deum, (^c. tf 

'O ^7X1 ':ii'7N Sxp"), ann OrbH'jinii^ '^ui affimilabitis me ut fim aqualis, ^c. quod fi 

mC^'XT »:Va"rn »0 Ski '1D1 '7K p'Oin corpus eflet, afllmikretur corporibus. Sicubi igi- 

□NDJN'^K ryy^h ODJ VHO I^I '131 *"'' '" Scnpturis epithetis corporum propriis de- 

fixviN^n nsvi ID iTs±^ '3 Ki no Sdt ^'^"^i?'"' ^\ g-7°*" ^ ^°r° ^^'^ 1°^"^ ' q^^d fur- 



hujuf- 



~-,L', \_-, JiU sf,« r^v4UnU.« ^,,«ss>i ^^^ ^""*' efle ea omnia Metaphorica, &quem- 

NM^D 'na -iVnmi ON^o^J^I ^lyp^KI admodum dicunt, I...«/<z ./ /.x linm& homi- 

\m^ rmn rn^^ J^l^Kp nodi TNJO «„;„. Multa autem de hoc argumento dixerunt 

Nin '5 DNJ7N pvDn ^pl mX p3 homines. Hoc igitur fundamentum tertium eft, 

^n'7Nn'?^« n"li^Np7N nipT 'ytO 3K17K quod innuitur eo quod dixit, " §uia non vidiftis 

□n\Sn vh '3 n'71p3 a.^yby ^'&]U7^ 'n w»«m /miUtudtnem, &c. 5. e. non apprehendif- 

nJIOn Nl niD'TTn oS 'J;;' nJIOn Sd tis ipfum fub allqua fimilitudine, cum ipfe (ut dixi- 

fip »sSl DDi K*? aw i<23 Hi^S mus) neque fit corpus, neque potentia in corpora. 

• DDjS Fundamentum quartum eft, Mternitas : fcil t 




, , *''J^ jus probationes in Scripturis multas funt, atque 

^^^ Vn?"!! nna nnNDnj^ND anp ad ipfiim intenditur digitus, eo quod dixit, ' Ha- 

rnVi^a mnni fiTrtS DnS^N '3 bltaculum eft Deus ^etemus. 
T'h'yp^ NH'V S"l7"f07K 'H h;;3K"lSN Fundamentum quintum, nium ejfe qui colendus 

: Dip mSn n31j;0 /^ cujufque veneratio & obfequium praedicanda, 

in hi^Vi n:N nOONIJ'^K nn^^KpSxi neque hoc alicui [eorum] qui ipfo eflentia infe- • 

nonbrrO t'Ty'l ObV'l ini;' in 'JDJ* n*?}* ""''^ ' Angelorum nempe, ftellarum, orbium 

.s ^s^-, \JL -4-J^ J-nthf v>^>. -Ti-.,»v.Ms coeleftium, elementorum, aut quicquid ex iis com- 

i'u']^?J^^-l3,.C ^^ 5XfsJ P°'"tur, pr^ftandum, cum Vomnia naturS 

^N'^SK'^Nl rO*K'?a7N |N niinN ^d opera fua peficienda ordinata fint, neque fit 

NnjN7 NHJO. 3D-in NO"! nNDpDDN7N"l jpfis arbitrium aut eledio, fed amor Dei tantum ; 

CDDH Vb iiTh^)^Qa ♦7)? rij;iDl3P arh'Z neque aflijmenda efle ea pro mediatoribus, quo- 

vJ^rri n^n K'7N "iN'niJK nVi KH? rum ope ad ipfiam accedamus, verum ad ipfiim 

mnj Sd H'Sn Svin'^S D'KDI linn nSi [unum] dirigendas efl'e cogitationes, & ab om- 

NOV DIVm IKDSnSn TVpn ♦Ss^^n "'^"S' ^P^° excepto, avertendas. Atque hoc Fun- 

'nr?N 'H riDONp'^N rin^^Np^N n-im njn ^amentum quintum prohibitio eft cultus Idolola- 

trici, in quo vetando maxima legis pars occupatur. 
Fundamentum fextum eft Propheiia, fcil. fcien- 
dum efle, reperiri in genere humano quof- 
dam indole admodum prasftanti magnaque per- 
fedlione prasditos, quorum cum animas ad recipi- 
, , endam formam intelleflus difpofitas fuerint, ac 

ri^V;; b2p3 'nn pnmaj N'nnni *n»nD deinde intelleftus ifte humanus cum intelledtu 
'JND2N'7N 7pySN ^ ^Vn» pli Spy^N agente conjungatur, nobilis qua;dam ab eo in ip- 
t'3 njO □nr'j; V'S'S 7NJ75^N 7pJ?^ND ^°^ influentia derivatur ; funt autem hi Prophetas» 
♦n rrim K'ninSN DH TnSiNI Q'-O H^^c prophetia, hkque ejus fignificatus; quod 
«-i-, .,.•,»,« vf^vt^.«M J>:.-^« ii<«^*Uw» rundamentum pJene dilucidare loneum roret 
_.L Li L.. . L.»J1l.» .L>. ii->....^L^» value. Neque vero hoc nobis propolitum ettj 
D'Sl NTJl '^IDONOdSn '^ir mrNp^N ut horum fundamentorum fingula demonftrationi! 
j«3ni NHJO rilj^Kp 73 pnnn NnVp bus probemus, aut quomodo percipi pofllnt often- 
Dl7y7N li/OJ in NiniN KnOimS rpjl damus, cum hoc omnium eflet fcientiarum ag- 
"^iil^N nnj ^TJ^ NmSi} NO^NI Nn^O gregatio, verum ut hiftorice tantum ea enarre- 
N'33K niDi3 "injyn minSN riVJl Dps mus. Scrlpturas autem loca quibus Prophetarum 

: TH'nD muneri teftimonium perhibetur, multa funt. 
'^31 niro ni33 HI^DNdSn rnyJ^p'^N*'! Fundamentum feptimum eft Prophetia Mojis 

•73 "l^ p'DN rUN npnr' IN3 nSil dodlonsnoftn; fcil. ut credatur, ipfum omnium 
p3NnoSN1 nS3p \^mnr2h^ ON'3:n P^phe™, qm vel ante ipfum vel poft ipfum 
L-„ ■ .--.-.L^» .^'-..'^ 'i^* '- ^- ^ »'• -'-'" fuerint, patrem efle, qui omnes gradu funt ipfo 
ini nam"?}* 'S n:n an ^3^N mj^S inferiores, ipfumque e toto genere humano a Deo 

eleftum 



, , :n™j; 

njv np ^jndjnSn ;?iiSx Nnn |n dS;^* 
':'N03i Nij rip'NQ noa nnS f ND-y^N n'Q 



Ih. 



XI. 14. 



« Deut. iv. 15. 



fib, xxxiii, 27. 



64 PORrAMOSIS. 

ele(5him cfle qui de ipfo plus quam apprehenderit, 'iKDaKSN ^'\'h^ j^',t2J ft: nSSj* ♦pX 
aut apprehenfurus eft, alius quifpiam qui vel -pnK «00 "iriDN ♦SkTH r\'it2 "plO^K 
fuerint, vel futuri fint hominum, apprehendit ; j^,(^ j-,jj^^ -^jy^ -,j^ ^^^^^ C,^' ^^,^ 
ipfum autem eo ultra humaiiae naturae terminos ii,,vi-ii»Sw •« "("-wtS** ♦>, v»^v.,^^v.uLl.... 
eveftum, ut ad regni [coeleftis]gradum pertige- lfi.^?^^^J^,if,i2^^^ 
tit, & in Angelomm ordinem relatus fuerit. 1N^^ JtniD^O^N ^3nnb^* -p-T{< 'm 
adeo ut non reftaret ipfi velum quod non per- ^^^ '"'^ P^* C3^ HD'N'^p'^N n3ni 'S 
rumperet, neque obftaret illi remora aliqua cor- N^l ♦JNqDj p'N)^ HpN)^ N71 Hpin K7K 
porea, neque admiftum ei fuerit quicquam om- "^'I^D K^T ^"7*^ ^p2/'^f |0 '5^ HSNU? 
nino, five minus five plus, defeftus. Quin & n'Dn7N1 H^'^'KoSk '1p^{< n:o nSo^^m 
fublatae Aint ab eo potentiae imaginatrices & fen- n»j;VJ7« ."inp nirrm nnKDIlO ♦£) 
fitiva cum fuis apprehendendi modis, obftupuit- ' ' 

que facultas ejus appetitrix manente tantum in- 
telledu i quam ob rationem, inde quOd « Deum 
allocutus fit fine mediatione, Angelorum cogno- 
men accepit. Porro fententiam iftam miram hoc 
loco elucidare, unaque textus Legis obferatos re- 
cludere, necnon [verborum, iftorum] Ore ad os. 



P31 



hd'^SoSk rloDNi |n nS'^N DtDKii' nji33 
inj'^K o^o'^N Nnn xin ;'3J |nd -rpSi 
|Oii rrnnSK p^i nN^.spo Smi 
p"lDa7^t Nnn rnoji na *?{< na 'jj;o 



intelle<aum cum toto ifto contextu, aliifque eodem pD3 »7K iNHnm Nlj rppT ♦JN'J?,dS{< 

s, nifi viderem V^pp' |KT ni<Sxii01 nNOnpOl TIID 



•Tin pji ♦'^K r JHNi n;;KipSK nin mu; 
fip-iNn nojnSx nSoj.riU) ly nSi'ajN* 

lanN na 7k nii Skp. ^sps ri'^DM 



fpeiSantibus enodare voluiflemuS; ^^ 

notiones iftas valde fiibtiles efle, quasque fufiori p' onnni flKSniXl riD'sSo^N "rly 

tradatione, prsfationibufque & Amilitudinibus j^^^^p ^,^3^ pg^L,^^ .,^^ ^^ 

uidig^t • pnufque pn>bandum eflfe dan Ange- l,^ ^^ ,L, I l^>^ 

los, & Ordines, m quos a Creatore diftmeti funt, ..».,»t.^Ll.» ....^Jll 1 i_ "''^".>'-"^" 

diverfos ; ac d^ anima, omnibufque ejus facul- nD'^?70't^ '"^^^'i^ N^aJN^K ^<m3^ »nSj< 

tatibus dicendum: atque hoc pafto ampliatum ^f^''^* "'^j.)]^"'' ^""^^^ **'^^3 'fl* N^l 

iri circulum, adeo ut loquendum eflet etiam de HDnnX "]Tl7a fipm ?tKO TNi'N7N ri'W 

formis quas tribuerunt Prophetae Creatori & An- mcn"17K '^'IKn ^NDD 'S NON HyiflDS 

gelis. Neque fufficerent ad abfolvenda quae ad rtlDj'^'N 3Nr)3 '5 IK THZ nTJ^I 'fl^K 

hanc folam fpeftant materiam, etiamfi quam com- 

pendiofiflime agerem, vel centum folia ; quare 

illud loco fuo relinquam, five in lib. explica- 

tionis allegoriarum quem promifi, five in lib. Pro- 

phetiae in quo jam defixus fum, aut in lib. quem 

de explicatione horum fundamentorum compofi- 

turus fum. Jam autem ut ad feptimi hujus fun- 

damenti fcopum revertar, Dico prophetiam iW^j . _ - ,- , - t- ..— .. 

diftindam efle a prophetia reliquorum Propheta- ITJ^K' N*? 03 Vd \^ 'iXnSj^ ^lyaSNI 13 

rum quatuor difFerentiis. Prima eft, Quod quem- "^xp KDD DIjSn SkPT '3 kSk 'rnSx 

libet [aliorum] Prophetarum non allocutus fuerit Qpni OiSm nVSn DlSflD VVN10 '0 

Dominus, nifi per mediationem, at Mofen fine pjL,jj j^^p, ^ ^,f^^^ '^3, -,L„i, ^^^^ 

mediatore, ficut dixit Ore ad cs alloquar tpfum. ,^^^ y^, ^ L,j^^ 

Secunda, quod ad casteros prophetas omnes non - >- ••-/•-. i»> 

perveniret vifio nifi inter dormiendum, ficut dixit 

in diverfis locis, in fomnio, noEiu \ & fomiavit : 

In fomnio in vijione noEiis^ &c. cujufmodi multa 

funt: aut tempore diurno, poft foporem, qui 

Prophetas obtingeret, aut ftatum quo ceflantibus 

ab officio fuo fenfibus vacuae relinquerentur cogi- 

tationes ipfius, ut in fomno fieri folet, qui ftatus 

vocatur Machazeh, & Mareeh, i. Vifio, de qui- 

bus dicit. In vijionibus Dei : at ad Mofen interdiu 

delatus eft fermo ftante ipfo inter binos Cherubin, 

ficut promifit ipfi Deus, *■ Et conveniam te illic. 

Unique loquar tecum, &c. Dixit Deus, ' Si fuerit 

i vobis Propheta, Dominus in vijione ipfi fiam 

notus, in fomnio loquar ad eum. Non fie fervus 

meus Mofes, &c. ^ ^ 

Tertia difierentia, quod ciim ad Prophetam rTWDS "ISHJ mm PID '3 "IKU^J nSi 
fafta eflet revelatio, etiamfi in vifione & medi- Q-p^ ijy,',^ ♦jj^'J ^Kp1 PID »n"lVV N^l 
ante Angelo, infirmari tamen natura ipfius, & ^^^^^ {^^^^ j_,^^ ^ ^ (L, 

debmtan corporis ftatus irruente m ipfum con- _.^... L,- -UiL -„L -....^» .L ^ 

fternatione admodum magna, quo parum abei^t, ^'^^' ^^ 1^= °'^ ^^^^ '^^ '^''^ "l^SHJ 
quin animam ageret; uti in Daniele, alloquente ipfum Gabriele per vifionem, liquet; dicit enim, 
^ Neque remanfit in me fortitudo, &cc. Necnon, Fui ego faporatus fuper faciem meam, i^ fades 
mea ad t err am. Dicit etiam, ' In vifione converfi funt dolor es mei in me. At cum Mofe non ita fe 

res 

« Vocant eura Ar»bes j)lt *Jlf, ^ Exod. zxix. 52. ' Numb. xii. 6, 7. '' Dan. x. 8. ' Ver. 16. 



♦oonn n'7Nn7N rrim oi nntr nmoa 
D'hSn mxiaD Sip» Nnj;^i nx-iai nrno 
ini nNHj^xn 3ndd7N' htin' nc^ai 

♦*»■ ODK'3J n'H' Q}* 'Sn^'H \vp '131 

13 131N Di;7n3 ;?"nnK v^k nNno3 
|K n'7iS*n7N 7VQ'7}<i nsyo n3y p mS 
nj}« 'Sp ♦m'^N HKHN ^r^}^ ♦3JS^< 
n;;K3D niin yh^ n* S;?i nN-io3 
p'b)^ Sin n'*i; mn nn»i3 Snim 

7N»n '0 p N03. njp -|D33^ n^D' NTJ 

Ss'p ninD3 n^ S{<»"i3:i dnSs 'a 



PORTA M S I S. 



^N o'JD na'a *?« ♦'» "imi nSip im 

OnSd P iNi?TJN tNDixSx 3'i'' »S*7 NOD 

SnySxD nSNvnK rnti*S j^-im D'jaD 

;;'2J iX i^DKlVx ^VsSji'l KJ7D NOD 



rniJio'^N rrnnSs rnn ;^'oj ]X 'rptsv' 

NhVd nV n'^vi anya 'j;;n miDjn 
»Sj; n'OD» ^Vx Sv;;')Sx n^'^x 7Dp p 



65 

res habuit, quern, veniente ad ipfum alloquio, 
nulla prorfus apprehendit perturbatio, ficut dl- 
cit, "" Et allocutus eft Dofninus Mofen facie ad 
facietn, ficut alloquitur vir focium fuum, i. quem- 
admodum nulla accidit homini commotio ab al- 
loquio focii fui, ita nee ille, c. p. alloquente 
ipfum [Deo,] etiam facie ad faciem, commotus 
eft, quod ob arftam cum intelleftu conjundtionem, 

^ ,.„ |., _,_ -J, _ uti explicavimus, faftum. Differentia quarta. 

□mX'flDXD ♦niSx ilin»nx» Uh X'DJX'^X Quod casteris prophetis haudquaquam ad arbi- 
N'DiSx 'pD» 1p3 nS'7X n^N'IXD Sd fium fuum afflatus divinus contingeret, fed 
*0 Dbj3» T^l 'm n'nX> K? V^D nnO fluerent aliquando prophetae alicui anni aliquot, 
nD 'Di' W 'PD'S 'mD IDD^ iX'DJ'^X qujbus nulla ipfi vifio patefieret, quin Scfaspeut 
i_ L ' » _.»« ...4 ^^v«v» <■..«>< quid de re ahqua revelaretur, oitenderet, roeatus, 
□V;;' XS IX nnC^X nj?D 1X DX'X nj^D ^^„ „j^^ p^^ ^j^^ aliquot autmenfespUh^iam 
"nn* to DitiO ^<:♦X"^ npl rUID HD g^g^et, aut forte nihil omnino de ipfa notum ha- 
XOD nnoXS ^avn noSJ PDD* tXD beret. Videmus etiam aliquot ex ipfis,- quo ani- 
♦7 inp nriVI '^~^'p ''^ ■ J^^'7X ^yfl mam fuam recrearent, ac cogitationes defascarent 
♦nV jX '"mV in D»71 'ni'?X mXJD pJO adhibendo fe parafle, ficuti fecit ^////ba cum dice- 
Xjy 'DO li'DI njyOl X'nn 'no rrSx ret, " Jffene mtM nunc fidicinem, quo' fafto fpi- 
DdS '*' nV;;' no rnj^Oli^XI inoy Sxp "tu prophetico afflatus eft, nee tamen necefle e- 
J>J1D» ^X1 TRX r\P>ii Sx -IDT SxpT ""at "' ^^^ '^a parato patefieret aliquid. Mofes 
^:iD' SdD pnX J<iSkP1 n;; SdD autem Doftor nofter quandocunque liberet, di- 
" ^{_ 7 I .^, I ^^ I _..' ,,.„ cere [folebat] Subfiftite is audiam quid pracep- 

myNiJxT .-^id'^Sdd nsyo ^fxi ,«,«|^, J,-,2),^L,. EtdidumV -^/i 

t^^D "1711 D'Oiyn lO nnin M n30MT?X ^^^^^ Aharonem fratrem tuum ne intret omni tern- 
fore. Dixerunt, Aharon omni [tempore'] ingredie- 
batur^ & Mofes non ingrediebatur. 

Fundamentum oftavum eft, Lex e ccelo [de- 
mifla.] fcil. ut credatur, univerfam Legem iftam, 
quae apud nos hodie reperitur, effe ad Mofen 

T^t^'>:i 'S?V' jiVl '^ih'i rXiO'^X '^»DD [<=°^^it^s] demiflam, totamque ex ore Dei pro- 

^y. U.L., -„v« -,»Uw» U,.^ ,iUv« Deo eo pervemendi [modo] quem forma loquen- 
IDXJ n'TT^OD n:X1 n>bX 'T'^ '-f X ^j Meta^orica Sermonem appellat, cum quali- 
XninXin J^n^'OJ DHD'I rvi)} nO' tatem modi iftius haud alius prater ipfum c. p. 
ppino 'OD J<iD1 >inj;'X-ltyi XnnXDDXl ad quem pervenit, noverit : fuiffe autem ipfum 

..w. _ .. . inftar Scribas qui ipfam fibi didlatam totam defcri- 

beret ; ejus [fcil.] hiftorias, narrationes, & pras- 
cepta, unde Mechokek [Scriba] audit : nee ulla 
eft differentia inter [verba] ■" Et filii Chami^ Cufh^ 
^ Mitfraim, & Put, £5? Canaan, i^c. &f nomen 
uxoris ipfius Mahtabcel, f. Matred, & [ifta] Ego 
fum Dominus, i^c. &, Audi, Ifrael, Domtnus Deus 
tuus Dominus unus. Omnia enim ex ore Omni- 
potentis profe<fta funt, funtque omnia Lex Do- 
mini perfedta, pura, fanda, Veritas. Ideoque 
_ ...... ,.. ipforum fententia omnes infideles, infidelitate & 

miDJin 'DO nSlD minn Sd JX np/lj;' hypocrifi fuperabat Manaffes, quod putaret efle 
xSx 'nDpn "inoX \tm "inx pioao rin j" lege medullam &_corticem, atque genealogias 
j^.^ »S Vi '^yry ilfl T^iT 'So na^O '^^^ ^ hiftorias nuUi rei utiles effe, ac ab ipfo 

'^^S:^ I'-13XD'7X Sip iJ n'?Sx 'Sx;?n W^/* S"°^.^"'^ '"""""' verbis iV.« eji 

^ t _ ' . i_ jj . "l.^ ^ ^_,^ Jl.^ Lex de ccelo ; ille, uiquiunt, qui confeflus fuent 

\&> D'XJjrbXI ODnSx n'Q t^rtiO fjin totam Legem ex ore Domini profedam effe unico 
XnnODn r+XJ -jnnn t<71 n77X nontJ excepto verficulo quem non protulit Deus Sandus, 

Benedidus, fed ipfe Mofes ; atque hoc eft quod 
dicitur, ' Verbum Domini fprevit, (longe elatuseft 
Deus fupra infidelium di6ta,) verum unufquifque 
apex ejus judicia & res miras fuppeditat illi qui 
ipfum inteliigit, nee certe apprehendi poteft ter- 
minus fapientiae ejus, ' Longa eft pra terra men- 
fura ejus, (J latior mart ; nee quid homini fu- 
pereft, quam ut Dazidem undlum Dei Jacob imi- 
tetur, qui precatus eft, ' Aperi oculos meos, ut vi- 
deam mirabilia e lege tua. Similiter expofitio ejus traditione accepta eft, & ipfa ex ore Omni- 
potentis [profeda,] iftaque, quam hodie docemus, tabernaculi, rami palmae, buccinae, penicu- 
lamenti & Tephilltn, ca;terorumque forma ipfifTima eft quam Dominus Mofi, ille nobis dic- 
VoL, I. R . tavit, 

" ExoJ. xxxiii II. "2 Reg. iii. 15. " Namb. ix S. i". Lev. xvi. 2. iGen. x6. 'Numb. xv. 31. 
• Jobxi 9. ' PfJ. cxix. 18. 



b'lDi D'lvoi e^iD nn 'JDi ]'D p"ifl xSi 
■i-i£3o nn SxDO'Ho ina'x n^m j;^jdi 
''» U'nSx '*' 7^12;' i^oiyi ''' 'djx ix 
'*' mm SdVxi nniDjn 'so SdSx nnx 
nxv XOJX1 nox nsynp nnin-o no'on 
Sd 10 px3)i "iDD nirx npr\:y he^jo 
"^a-'pi D7 minVx 'S |X nnjbV "isxd 
rfr'XD xS •ixDDx*7Xi inxinSx nnn {xi 
'jj;o im na'o n^r P ^n^»<i ^^^'^ 
'i'7X 1.1 xiSxp o'QE^n . p min ix 



D'^^i D' '10 HDmi mo pxo riDnx 
rr&'o-in in: linVx x*7X iXDJxV? 
njs'Dxi 'j'y Sj y\ »i7x pDj;' 'n'^x 
j^m'Dsn -]S"iDi immo mxVDj 
xini nniDjn '3o t^if'x in 'i"iobx 
hd.idSx risv p Di'Vx no'7pi 'i'^x 
p'^smxi rcyvSxi noie?'7Xi dSi^7xi 
Sxp 'nSx nDvSx xn:');D 'n xm'ji 



66 



p R r A M S I S. 



tavit, ciim nobis nundum ab ipfo ferens fe in eo 
ferendo fidelem pndtiterit. DiAum autem quo 
ad hoc Fundaraentum digitus intenditur eft il- 
lud quod dixit, " Hoc fcietis quod Dominus mi- 
ferit me, i^c. quod non e corde meo, i£c. 

Fundamentum nonum eft, [de abrogatione 
Legis] fcil. Non abrogatum in legem iftam Mo- 
fisy neque aliani prscter ipfam a Deo datum iri, 
neque additum ipfi quippiam, neque diminutum, 
five in textu, five in interpretatione : Dicit, e. Non 
addetis Hit, nee diminuetis ab eo. Jam autem ex- 
plicavimus quod explicare convenit de hoc funda- 
ment© in hujus operis praefatione. 

Fundametitum decimum eft, Deum nofle ho- 
minum fada, neque ea negledlui habere, neque 
res fe habere juxta fententiam ejus qui dixit, " 
Reliquit Dominus terram, fed quemadmodum dixit, 
» Magnus confilio, (sf multus opere, quia oculi tui 
aperii fuper omnes viasfiliorum hominis, ^c. Dixit 
etiam, ^ Et vidit Dominus quod multa eJJ'et malitia 
hominis in terra. Rurfum, ' Clamor Sodom (s? 
Gomorvte quia inultiplicatus eft. Atque hax fun- 
damentum hoc decimum probant. 

Fundamentum undecimum, Deum remunera- 
turum eos qui prasftiterint mandata Legis, & 
poenas iis qui eademvetita patraverint inflidurum, 
naaximum autem prasmium efle Mundum futu- 
rum, & maximam poenam Excidium. De hoc 
autem boc ipfo capite diximus quantum fufficiat. 
Locus Scripturas quo probatur hoc Fundamen- 
tum, eft illud ipfius di<5bum, '' Et nunc fi auferes 
peccatum eorum ; i£ fi non, dele me nunc de libro 
Ituo, ^c. Et irefponfum Dei, ^ipeccavit mihi, 
^elebo eum e libra meo, quo indicat hoc pbventu- 
rum obedienti & rebelJi, ut ilk mercedera, hie 
poenam ferat. 

Fundamentum duodecimum eft Dies Mejftte, 
viz. ut credat quis & perfuafum habeat venturum 
^um, neque ilium tardare putet, <: Si tardaverit 
expeStes eum, nee illi terminum conftituat, aut ita 
exponat textus Scripturae ut ex iis tempus adven- 
tus ipfius eliciat. DIcunt Sapientes, Infletur fen- 
4entia eorum qui periodos temporum computant. Et 
ut credat celebrandum ipfum, honoreque, amore 
& comprecationibus excipiendum, juxta ea qua; 
<ie ipfo ab omnibus Prophetis, a Mofe ufque ad 
•■Malachia7n, tradita funt. Quod fi quis de eo 
dubitaverit, aut ipfum parvi penderit, [ilium] 
mendacii legem arguere, quas ipfum [venturum] 
€ScprefFe promifit in Sedtione Balaam, & [Sedt.] 
^'Vesftatis. Sub hoc Eundamento comprehendi- 
tur etiam, "Non effe Jfraeli Regem nifi Davide 
OTiundum, eumque e progenie Salomonis. Qui- 
«unque autem hujus familiae imperio obftiterit, 
J3eum & verba Prophetarum ejus diferta abne- 
.gare. 

Fundamentum decimum tertium eft, Refur- 
•reiiio mortuorum, quam jam explicavimus. 

Cum autem fidem obtinuerint apud aliquem 
omnia base fundamenta, ipfumque ea ampledi 
conftiterit, admittitur ille in coetum Ifraelitarum, 
ipfumque amore & afFeftu profequi decet, & 
erga ilium quicquid nobis mutui amoris & fra- 
ternae charitatis praecepit Deus, exercere. Quod 
fi contigerit ilium in aliquibus, pras concupifccntiae 
nas dabit juxta tranfgreffionis fuae rationem, futura 

"'Numb. vi. 26. * Ezefc. viii. 2. '' Jer. xiii. 

i<2, 33. « Hab. ii. 3. "i Dcut.xxix. lo. 



Sino ini n:*7 SKpi rvi':^^ rhh^ 
'3 '101 'Thv ♦'» o ]^yin nsD nSis 



K71 -p^n up na-'o nyntt^ rnn |s* 
iiy\ Nm'j rhha Sap |0 nj?nc' ^m^n 
ypH '£3 i6 NHjD ypy nSi kh's int 



vby fiDin N*? hap n'oanb^ ^a nSi 
yyja py no ny^ npi 1209 ^^^ ^^"^ 

♦'^Krn njx rhrNi?V» nfii^j^pSxi 
nrhDn' nSi dn:'7n hni^im nhy* 
pNH na '') aijr bap p '^id d'^i 
3")i r^r\ Snj Sf;p ^23. Sa 
'D"n Sd V nrnpa y:y iq^h nh^hyn 
nri r~im '3 ♦'» xn'i ^Npi amn »J2 
mio;n DUD pipV'^ Stipi pK3 DiNrt 
nTi;}<pbK nnn 'hy yi» ntho nan 'd 

Dp^^J^'1 rmn7N noNiN SiinD* p nN> 
nKTJ Dpr^< |Ni Kn'nNii ^Dni* p 
Tpi n-ioSN HDNpi^ n^Ni N2n dSij;^ 
h'KflD n»t3 NO '-7va^N K-in ♦s t<jSp 
rifl^NpSN mn ♦Sj; riD SpioSn f ^ki 
'^'no |»N cxyi pnKan j«yn on 7h\r> 
Non niTN ♦o .♦SNj?n nnj^ji "]-t3Do w 
'i'K;;7Ki i^'ND^N ^i*nn 'Sr '^ti ^ 

: Nil 3pKy'1 J<Tn ♦tKi»'7 

iTiron nio' nty;; ri^Kn^K rt"Tri<pSi<i 
tsariD' kSi rr jQ3 p'^i-nSxi ^no^n'^k ini 
n*? ani* pi iS non nQnofy» on 
npi j^^j!N7 i^ivJTN Sixnn N'71 Six 
*-7!y }n;?n man pSip* O'CDnSK nuo 
tDiprnTN p rrfi npn;?* |ni ]'vp 'Styno 
Ni KO nnp ♦Sr n^ xynSNi nonoSxi 
♦3X70 'Sn niyo p 'o: S3 'H' ^S;? n'D 
3'i3 mox SpnoN ik h's ip p^ 
ntyna 's n'-«n3 no mp ♦nSx niinSx 
nnn fbf^y p^ tzsovj, dhni nj^So 
p thu "^im^h -j^o N*7 ?K ff!;?NpbN 

t)7K5 |0 731 nVN3 mV. 7D3 pi Tin 

pvj3i liS^'o -03 rinoVK n-in n,oN 

n"nn -r;? rin^KiiSK rin:;NpSNi 
no^D N-iNQ Nnxyo npi a'n'on 
mi xrh-2 nj;NipbN nnn ind^nV? 
S'730 S3Nn ma MnS . mxpni^N 
n'7j; npau;SNi nnono Df^'i Sjni:;* 
vyo 'Sj; NJVP3V nSSN n^K no Sai 
♦Di» NO Si^a 1S1 ndnSjXi nonoSx p 
fiinty^N 7JN p nra^N p pa' |{* 
'7;; apN;?' ma nypNiSN ;\^aoSf< n2'7ji 
'j;s:'ia p ini pSn iS e"i nvs'-^ nnp 
nn^^Np f3?y77 nSnoN nisi Ssne;* 

& naturas vitiofje praevalentia, tranfgredi, poe- 
tamen eft illi fors [in vita furura] cum fit ex its 

qui 
Gea>vi. 5. ' lb. xviii. 20. *> Eiod. zxxii. 
3 



PORTA M O S I S. 



67 






5r«/ r« ^raey^ tranfgrediuntur. Sin vero minus 
firmum cuipiam vifum fuerit quodlibet horum 

npl 1D1 N.JwK »; 7KiliO J>7n ?1p' ^^ fx«Wm;'/.z«to audit, quern odio habere & 

'a'^NnV"1J IP nJ-iDT Nnj DN^D^K n^lg perdere decet, cum de eo didtum fit, = ^;,«cj; 

'3 ni^Dlt: nn:Nn KD? "]7n n?^^ 'JD^ o>m /«w, Z)(?wz»f, odk habeo, &c. 

riTliD N'tTK 1*7 ni'CJ 'JN*? nNpn;;^^}^ Prollxior autem jam fui, & a fcopo operis mei 

Npn pi3 ntD'tby pXH '3 rip^inSO ril^SO digreflus fum, quod tamen ideo feci quia mul- 

nVaxni nK"ia Nin »QS*73 "Tiai KT;?D tum eo ad fidem conferri viderim, cum multa 

n:N nnon nni^OlDN INI NJOH I^VoKH ^'^^ "^^^i^ ^"^ i" ^■'^'•^ ^"^g"'s difperfa habentajr 

th Ti nW 10 IN HID iO nVNIJK n^Vn col'egenm.^ Sis ergo lUis fel.x, ac fepius tecum 

^U1 rV^rCi .S^K h:^'?r*ODinDnm ^ONn certe illud quod fieri non poteft tibi petfuafit • 
KHJO npnj;' in Ob' ND 7'Vnni rin'ny Ne igitur hk in re feftines •, neque enim ipfe hsec 
♦JPO "^S '>P Vn^TI JT!3 IKntbriDNV proutcafiiaccidit pofui,.fed pofl: deliberationem 
ini p^Sin^K . SkDN .nS't'N pi 'Ji^OI certamquefcientiam,acfententiarumtamverarum 
: plfl^K nJ ''^N j^^"1i<l SNI^^K q^'" falfarum indagationem, & quid in ipfis 

credere oporteat deprehenfijm, fingulafque fen- 
tentias argumentis, & probationibus demonftratas. Deo autem rogato ut nos ad veritatem 
dirigat, ad inftitutuna capitis reverter. 

* Pfal. cxxziz. 



^tdy in trikus Exemplaribus, adfinem quartz FitndamenU:, hfpc in Margine appmil?, 

r\-:oi6shii 'n-i bp noip p noin mn: '^xin '*i'^ j^nm xrp^ ai^^ia ti;3 np*73i 

i. e. -Scists autem prsecipuum Legis Mofaica articulum efle, Mundum de novo produftura, 
condente ac creante ipfijm Deo poft privationem meram. Quod autem adeo multum fuifle me 
in argumento de ipfius aeternitate, juxta fententiam PMofophorum, cernis, ideo fadtum eft ut 
omnimgde Dei exiftentiam demonftrarem, uti in libro Moreh Nevochim a me oftenfiam atquefix- 
plicatum eft. 

- Hiec licet Authoris nomine prolata, hue tamen rejicieTida cenfui, quod ab iffo p^ea adjeS« vtde- 
aatur, cim in its mentiofi(}t libri tfb ipfo non pmcispqfi bof opus anatis compqfiti. 



/t:i<S5n 



68 



PORTA M S I S. 



"a^trh Si*a n»JN,rn 



^jve Oslo Capitula ^K. Mo ^z Maimonide Commentario Juo /;;Pirke Aboth 

pramijfa. 



JAM initio hujus opens declaravimus, quae- 
nam caufa impulerit Authorem ut hunc Trac- 
tatum in hac Clafle collocaret ; magnas etiam hu- 
jus Tradbtus utilitates commemoravimus, nee 
non faepius in praecedentibus polliciti fumus, nos 
in eodem de rebus [quibufdam] utilibus, idque 
paulo fuHus difturos, quoniam etfi intelleftu per- 
fpicuae & faciles flierint, quod ad corticem, illud 
tamen quod in iis continetur operibus exprimere 
noaadeo fecile eft omnibus, neque infuper totus 
corum fcopus abfque explicatione idonea intelligi 
poteft, ciim intenm ejufmodi fint quae ad mag- 
nam perfeftionem &veram felicitatein perducantj 
quare vifum eft mihi pluribus de ipfis diflerere. 
Dixerunt enim [Doftores noftrij q. p. ^icun- 
que vult fan£lus effe, Patrum -verba prafiare debet : 
Jam vero nullus eft fupra fandtitatem, Prophe- 
tia excepta, gradus, quin & ilia ipfa ad banc per- 
ducit, ficut dixerunt, SanSlitas ad [confequen- 
dum] Spiritum San£lum perducit. Conftat ergo 
ex ipforum dido opera hujus Traftatus monitis 
confentanea ad prophetiae [gradum] perducere j 
cujus veritatem, cum magnam partem eorum qu« 
ad mores fpecftant contineat, explicaturi fumus. 
Verum antequam fmgularum fententiarum expli- 
cationem aggrediar, vifum eft mihi praemittere 
capita aliquot non inutilia, quae homini pne- 
cognofcenda quaedam fuggerent, eruntque ip- 
ii inftar clavis ad eam quae fequetur explica- 
tionem : Scias autem ilia quae & in his capiti- 
bus & fequentibus commentariis didurus fum, 
non efle res cujus ego ipfe author fui, neque ex- 
plicationes a me primo excogitatas, verum fen- 
tentias, e fermonibus fapientum, in Midrajboth^ 
Talmude^ aliifque ipforum libris, nee non e Phi- 
lofophorum, tarn antiquiorum quam recentiorum 
didis, hominumque variorum operibus colledas. 
Amplcdere autem veritatem a quocunque tandem 
prolatam. Eft etiam ubi proferam didum inte- 
grum quod exprefle habetur in libro aliquo mini- 
me ignoto : atque his omnibus nihil ineft incom- 
modi, nee ipfe mihi vendico quod ab alio ante 
me didum fuerit, cum jam illud confefli fimus, 
etiamfi non fubinde repetamus, Dixit N. Dixit 
jV, cum hoc prolixitatis plane inutilis eflet. Prae- 
terea nomen perfonae appofitum fcrupulum non 
raro minus intelligenti injiceret efle didum illud 
minias fanum, ac in fe mali aliquid, quod ipfe non 
noverit, continere : ideoque vifum eft mihi dicen- 
tis nomen fubticere, cum is mihi fcopus fit, ut 
ad Ledorem utilitas perveniat, eique fenfus in 
hoc Tradatu reconditos patefaciat. Jam autem 
incipiam recenfere capita, quae hic pro inftituti mei 
ratione praemittere viuim eft, funtque ea odocapita. 
Caput primum, De Anima hoininis, ejufque fa- 
eultatibus. Scias animam hominis unam efle 
animam, cujus adus plures funt & diverfi, quo- 
rum aliqui animae etiam appellantur, adeo ut 

3 



pi^VN '^j^j n^N 3ddSk no t P ^• 
t^rin 'a NnDDo^N nin nan' ^^^ 

'5 nn-io KJ-ryi Tpi NnDDoSt? rrina 

□73nJ NJN3 fj'^Nn'^N* JTin |2 Qlpn NO 

m nhjn'? >iDn vpa Krrs Sidj kjki 
j;2f3.>3 n'Ni nSn7i h'p;pn riiNi^jyi 

QN'^DbN DH'^ ibNp -Tp^ SipbK Xn'3 

♦7'o d;'p*7 arvDn nno7 '^21 jko wn 
mi'Dn^N pi3 rianno nh:;; o'bi ni3j«n 
J<i'7Np NOD ^rb hmoSN 'm hi^jSn >j 
m np3 {T-ipn m-i.H'S nx'^o niTon 
nin 3NnN3 hnt^a in DnoNSD to 
lOJDi ri\:im ''^n -no NnsDoSi* 

Spp D-rpN |N3.n'«ii nNpbiSN :o 
i^hxi^ HDVn T\2br\ ma; 's -13^ ?}< 
riKonpo .^njo \^D^ih) Syrr rin'io 
i<t±> HKnaoSso MV'N rh pDm 
a^mha m r±}n^ n-iK^'?^ |o Sapnoj 
j^?o '31 Swa*?}* rrin '3 KnSpj* 'n'7^f 
»^nn-)on2N r^-iisMn d;S nnu^S^ |o'nx» 
wnppnnax mnty nSi 'dsj jo n:n 

DNj73 |0 riOlpSo i'KIJK 'H JsJOJNI 

"Tio'^nSN* '31 piemoSiV '3 o'oonSj* 
n3DNS3'7N nxb ^o. Dn39x"in p n-rji 
flPNin foi rmno'^Ni ui^i^ k^'n 
n^Np |oo pn'^N )?odni dnjSn jo TiiD 
3Nno fj p3' Sp riSoj n3i xonn -rpi 
t^j'71 rn.N-iiyi nbD -py '3 d''73 -iinul'o 

"9 NJN'^ DTpn |0 n'7Np NO '3 'J^IN 

^Np n3ijj n*? |Ni -jSi^ xj3-inrN 
fT2'N3a^ >'iDn Nin nx |nS3 '?Np iN'73 

rh nDJn N^ IP D3J '3 rpIN KODT -Tpl n'3 

1'?n''3 NHoSj?' kS la riroND n'3i O'pD 
|N 'Jhj In S'NpSx ^.^^;n3^c n'kn 
':Ni?oSN n^ i"3Ji '-ij^pS^ rlTxaSj^ Svnn 

|}<7N n:n1 NnDDO^N TV\T] '3 n^JDO^N 

n'xn 'nbN Sv;;3'?k noin 'insN 
h'JNon 'HI 'inj ddrd N:n xno'ipna 

jxdjnSn ps: '3 Sin'^n Sy3VN" 

D3J jNDiNSN D3i IN oS^t* NHNpl 

riD^nip rin'no S'^ngn nhSi ninNi 

D3JK V"i'N3N':^N "^Sn \73 'ODn ip 

videatur 



PORTA M S 1 S. 



69 



IN cnD"") -n*" »nn KDtoN'7N* jtb* nod 
riONDSii ri'JNvm riT'^to nSn dsjnSk- 
t<rJN Skp» 'nn ntjni np 'oon -rpi 
Nn'7,Dj?nD' N.0 n'liD n'aDN7X n-im oajS^ 



videatur [nonnullis] plures efle homini Animas* 
quemadmodum opinantur Medici : unde fcribit 
Princeps ipforum, Animas tres effe, Naturalem 
Animalem, Spiritualem. Appellantur etiam Fa- 
cultates, & partes, adeo ut dicant. Partes Ani- 
m^ : Atque his nominibus frequenter utuntur 
Philofophi, non tamen ita ut dum dicant partes 
[Animae] velint illam dividi in partes, ficut di- 
'D'^N nS'?nx'7N }<n^N;r3S* pTiy* on viduntur corpora •, verum ut adtiones ejus diver- 
"IJi^ N'JnSnD DDjSk ri'^OJ IJ;; .'n ^^s, quas ad animam fotam ita fe habent ut partes 
rUNl NfJNSN nSo p fl'^loSx SdS« ^^ *°^""^ ^^ 'P^^^ compofitum, enumerent. N6- 

in l-JaJN PN'^DnSn nNV;;N tK oSj^n ^^ ^"^"^"^ ':"'^^"^ '"fT i"^^i''-"ti°nem effe fana- 
• I ' ; . • tionem animas, ac racultatum ipiius : Sicut ergo 

Medico, qui corporum valetudinem curat, opus 
eft ut prius corpus illud quod curat cognitum ha- 
beat, & totum & qusnam fint partes ejus (cor- 
pus humanum inteliigo,) nee non quaenam res illi 
morbum inducant, quo vitentur, & quse iiJud 
fanum confervent, quo appetantur-, ita [ei] qui 
animas medetur ac mores rede formare [vult] 

NnKTJXI NmDND'oSjSK XI^.T IK JNDn' f^^^^ ^^ "'^ turn animam totam, turn ejus partes 
' iciat, quidque illi morbi caufa fit, quid fanam 

earn praeftet. Dico igitur partes animas quinque 
efle, Nutritivam, Senfitivam, Imaginatricem, 
Appetitricem, Rationalem. Jam autem diximus* 
hoc ipfo capite, fermonem noftrum de anima ho" 
mii:is inftitui ; quoniam nutritio (e. g.) quae eft 
homini, non eft eadem nutritio qua afino & 
equo, ciim homo nutriatur parte nutritiva animas 
humana;, at afinus parte nutritiva animae afini, 
D3J^K ' 10 HnVk ' f j'^Xa nr^:^ nNOnSx'l ^ palma parte nutritiva animae propriae ; dicitur 
n.SjSK rjSKDrnnJO fV^h^-S h'lNOnS}* "^^enm _Nutnt.onem capiens, de omnibus, com- 
,L„ L -, „»^,Ms v»-,il, «r^i,v» «H.L.. ..>. municatione nommis tantum, non quod una ea- 
'.;; ^-^^ ^Dm Xn^ Tha DSJ'tN to demquefitomniumfignificatio. Similiter dehomine 
Dpa CDJt.N "^k^-inC'Na nnjO ^D^N & bruto didtur Senfibile, nomine tantum utrique 
7Np» -j/iS") nj';;a nnN1.':;?07N \ii ti^ communi, non quod fenfus qui eft in homine idem 
On&'ND DvNpn'/N INVn'TNl iKDiN^N "bV fit ac ilk qui eft in bruto, neque fenfus qui eft in 



yy^D^a |.^ t<0D3 s^nN'ipi d3:Sn jnS;; 

arm niDND nh^^' n'la ns'^^N ^«S^^f 
jNnnn indjn^n p3 'J^n 'n no '{lyya 
3JnjnD ninon j>«'it'fi7K 'N 07j;» jk 

upa 

"jTi joa Nnnv noi Nnjno' not 

npi piDNiS^^i 'i?iiiSN"i '7'Dno^N'i dnhSni 

Np:K NJON^D |N ^^sSn Nin '3 KJOTp 

N'rno nnjX7N ix^ (KDJsSn d3j '3 in 
'n'7N nruN^N in p'S iNpJK'7'7 nS« 
nrijo |nd:nSn jn*? d"i3'?ni iNonS"? 
no{sD:N^x D3:'7K to n^hti rj^xn 



']Nnri&'N2 DvNOn'/N INVn'TNl iKDJN'7N "b^ 

'3 n^N Dn':5N |n nS Dps ddnS.'^ 
jnvhSn '3 nha dhSn. in |ndjnSj< 
pnSx in );iiSK Nin '3 ^ba orha i6^ 
73 -idnVx y,^ii Nin »3 ♦n':'^ nj»;r3 
D3J rb D3J nS Noo y^:^ j;ij ^3 
p3J tr CT'?'"! ^dnSn dsjSn n»j ntnKi 
7Nj?3x nin D3: . i^i Snj;3j<'7N nnn 
i^'^ira'^ND .Tb'3 '7^2'^ Sj?3Sn nsiy* np3 
n'7Nnoi iyD.D''7i ni';;3nnNi 'e^ NonjKi 
NomnN rio'^tbo ;?i:Nio nn':'n hano 
^:ii!rhii^ Nicx3 dos?'7N . nhy np-ityx 
:7D -I dnSni NVN3 , "lopbx n'Sj? yho 
nji ip Nnjj? inNi Sd3 NiN3 jn-id ^ns 
nSyN3i >^'ir'7N Nin 220 pS N'if'^N n'3 

'7;?N3'l. nop^/N IDN'tN 'b;*N3l DDvhn 

jndjnSn on i7;^N3 "j'^iD "injSn idnSn 
"iNon7N on SvN3i ind^nSn D3i "in 
D3J dxp;?Sn on bj;N3"» -)Non7N d3: 
n'j xnj;oj» »j);o t<nS p'Si DNppbN 
N"in Si'na ops odk^n "^KinsyN 
"I'DD n'3 .-^nj;' n^jj;, nnj njN 'JitoSn 



qui 
hac fpecie, idem cum eo qui eft in alia fpecie, ve- 
rum unaquasque fpecies animatorum animam fibi 
peculiarem habeat, ab alterius anima diftindtam, 
ita ut ab hujus anima fluant aftiones [fua?,] & 
ab illius anima aftiones [fuae,] cum interim fimi- 
lis fit adtio acftioni, adeo ut duas adliones res pror- 
fus una exiftimentur, ciim re vera non fint. At- 
que hoc exprimitur fimilitudine trium locorum 
obfcurorum, quorum unus oriente fuper eo Sole, 
fecundus Lunas radiis, tertius accenfa in eo face 
illuftratur; horum in fingulis reperitur lux, cu- 
jus tamen [in unoj caufa & efficiens eft Sol, in 
alio Luna, in tertio ignis : eodem modo efficiens 
fenfus hominis eft anima hominis ; efficiens fenfus 
afini, anima afini ; efficiens fenfiis vulturis, ani- 
ma vulturis ; neque eft aliquid in quo conveni- 
ant, praeter nomen omnibus commune. Hoc au- 
tem animadvertas, quia non adeo omnibus per- 
fpedum eft, in quo labuntur multi Philofophan- 
tium, adeo ut ad abfurda cogantur, & opiniones 
minime fanas ampledtendas. Ut autem ad inftitu- 
tum noftrum de partibus animae revertar. Dico, 
partis nutritivae efl^e facultatem attradricem, reten- 



/INrXJty'nSn'lONIOrSnfsDSsno'^N TO '"2"'' ^°"'^°'^"'f™' expultricem fi^perfluorum, 

,^ • 'Lw ..' ' auclricem, generatricem fimilis, diftindlricem hu- 

;3 N:jfnj '7N jrjn.NI nnm TJ NINI morumqu^feparetilludquodnutritioniinfervitab 

n-p7N njO HNrN rj^^K ^ipN3 D3:7N NTJN eo quod expelli debet. Loqui autem de his feptem 

nj;3NnSS")nOifNn':;N"lhDDNO'7NlnnnN:'7N facultatibus, quidque, &quomodo agant, & in 

IN 'jd;» n^N 7Tj;n 'nn dn^ds^"? h'OTo':'^! hn^y? nnSio^Ni ri'OJo'rNi SivaVS 
ff3i ^j;3n NODI np j;3d^n rrin 'bj; dnSdSni ysn» in 'jdj* hSni na nnj* 
7;?3n 2 s 



j6 



PORTA M S I S. 



NOT >«a'}n nijiD s^nj^ n,2i p^Ki 
n'73 Nina "nnno ixpr »3 nhi^ »ifni» 

ini DoS'^Ni dc'Sni p^iS.si ;?,t:DSNi 



quibus corporis membris aftiones ipfarum maxi- 
me confpicuas fint & manifcftae, quaeque ex ipfis 
perpetuae fint, & quae tempore determinato pcr- 
ficiantur, de his (inquam^ omnibus [loqui] fpec- 
tat ad artem Medicam, nee hoc loco lis opus 
eft. Piirtis fenfitivas facultates funt illas quinque 
omnibus notae, Vifus, Auditus, Guftus, Olfac- 
tus, & Taftus qui in tota fuperficie corporis 

reperitur, nee ullum iibi membrum, ut [reliquae] _^ _^ _ _ .^^^,,, ,,^^ 
quatuor facultates, appropriatum vendicat. Pars ^jf^^^ «-, jTanxS'? "jJnD "^^v^^^ ''i>J^ 
Iniaginatrix eft .fecultas qu^ fpcc.es rerum fenfu ^^^^ ^^^^^^ ,j^i^^ L,' I SonoS^i 
perceptarum retinet, poltquam a vicinia eorum ' -" i-r /i-% 

quibus percipiuntur fenfuum remota fuerint, eo- 
rum invicem alia cum aliis componens, alia e 
contra ab aliis feparans, adeo ut e rebus quas per- 
cipit, res quas nunquam percepit, quseque revera 
percipi non poflint, componat ; ut fi, e. g. ima- 
ginetur quis navim ferream in acre natantem ; 
aut hominem aliquem, cujus caput in coelo, pe- 
des in terra fint ; aut animal quoddam mille 
oculis prasditum ; cum multis ejulmodi aliis quaj 
cum fieri non poflint componit facultas imagina- 
trix, atque in imaginatione exiftere facit. Hie autem 
lapfi funt Scholaftici errore foedo & craflb, cui 
fundamentum errorum fuorum in diftinftione Ne- 
ceflarii, Poffibilis, & Impoflibilis fuperftruxerunt, 

dum vel putarunt, vel opinari fecerunt homines, _ 

quicquid imaginatione concipi poflit poflibile efle ; DN'j'^N V^UMi IH VJb cbn^NS j^inOoSxi 
ignorantes hanc facultatem res quas fieri non pof- j^iq^^* □'^i pp;^ '^'jin* NO Sd ?*< 
fit ut exiftant(uti diximus,) componere Pars ^j^^qj^ ^^^^ ^"^^ ^'^ ^ ^^ 

appetitnx eft facultas, qua vel defideno feratur ii.-,L^ ,-, ,,„.,Cm ^^^^.^ v.i--. .*^» ' 

homo in rem aliquam, aut eam averfetur. Por- "1^^^ '^ T" ' ^ "^^^ ^^^^ '^^^ »*'™ 
ro ab hac facultate profluunt aftiones ift^, Appe- j"^ ^V^^ |NDJN^N pit'n' NHD ^HtK 
titus, & fuga, rei alicujus eledio & deteftatio, 7NP3N7N p IT;;' n^Jpti ^^r\r^]y^ ^2* 
ira & complacentia, metus & audacia, crudeli- IN **0 nON7 IKn'N'^N'l DinSNI dSo^^N 
tas & mifericordia, amor & odium, cum multis fjlilbNI NiTlSfil D^jSkT hS iiJriSN 
hujufmodi animas afFedibus. Inftrumenta autem HanO^NI n-ni*:'N1 rl'lDp'^K'l DNlpN'7N1 
harum facultatum funt omnia corporis membra, n'^NDQi^N HNI^Sn nin jO -I'm") nyjnSNI 
velut potentia nanus, quas [infervit] praenfationi ; p^S^ NiyN y^ri 'IpSj^ rpin PInVnI 
potentia pedis, qusinceffui; potentia oculi, quas C,^j^l,j^ ^^ J^Jd'^N ' 'Sp tSn hP btVD 

vifui ; potentia cordis, qua quis audax eft a\it ..^.„-..L,^ ' L L.. ••._. . : d L 

timidusVquemadmodumV reliqua membra in- J^J^^/.^ ZlJ^^.^ A^?\ ^^P^^ '^ 
teriora & exteriora, ipfa, eorumque potentias, 
inftrumenta funt hujus fecultatis appetitricis. 
Pars rationalis facultas eft quae reperitur in ho- 

mine exiftens, qua fpeculatur, qua acquirit fci- . ^ ,,^„.,., 

entias, quaque diftinguit inter adiones turpes & ^p^^ t^HD ^fhn |{<D3nSS rmj'loSN 
honeftas. Harum autem adlionum aliae funt qS^^^n 'J.np' Xn^l h'Thn nDD l>jnDl 

prafticas, alias fpeculativas : prafticarum aliae ar- - ' ■■'- 

tibus acquirendis fubferviunt, aliae excogitando 
[Operatio] autem fpeculativa ea eft 



rnm^D ]); tinnya -tj;d nND^D^oS^? 
NHiryD 2Dnn3 Nnr»D-n!<? tiSn dnih'^n 
'i7i7^ vi?a p Nnyj;n Svam vi^a 'Sn 
WN -noN^.N* p r\)phii rnn 2Dnn 
nSi pp NHD-nn oS tion Nnro-nN 
jnd:n^n S'in' nod Nnax-nK po» 
|NDJN fjRTi nn^K '3 njn mn hrao 
nN'^N '3 n^bin) nodSn '3 noNn 
10 .TiiDi nSho i*y f)7.^'2 t.Nvn V3!yi 
riip'^N roD-in nN;;:nooSN rrin 
N:m SnoSn :3 mjim n-^rnoSN 
rir'Jar'N fthiba poSonoSN dSj 
rtwNp ar^p:; n^jd ^rha jiytyha 
rNj7Ni 2jniSk ano'Dpn 'a onnto'^i^jo 



(]iiy IN nnp TN '^v ^brha ripi 
ri-inf^bbNi ^;t3N3'^^? {*vj;n7n i'kd nSlDi 
riipbN nirt? nx'pN r^nxipi m ko:n 
rip7N ♦.-! pDNJbN ribNi r\y)mii 



occupantur 

qua fcit homo res mutationi non obnoxias, prout 
fe habent ; atque hae funt fcientiae abfolute didlae. 
Ea quas artibus infervit eft facultas qua artes ac- 
quirimus, veluti architedtonicam, agriculturam, 
medicinam, artem navigandi. Quse cogitando 
occupatur ea eft, quas de re quam fafturus eft, 
[quis,] cum eam racere vult, deliberat, an fieri 
poflit necne ; & fi fieri poflit, quomodo debeat 
fieri. Eftque hoc, quantum hoc loco in medium 
proferre expedit, de-iis quae ad animam fpeftant. 
Scias autem animam iftam unam, cujus facul- 
tatum aut partium defcriptionem prsemifimus, fe 
habere inftar materia, cui forma eft intelledhis ; 



|o Soi'7Ni npp'^N p3 r»o' Nnni 
xn:o SKvaNSN mm ^N^a.-^SN 
♦jno .130 hf23;bti^ na: n.1301 »Soj; 
dV* nn ♦i^N 111 ♦nb:SND n^a .uoi 
'TirfiTjnp Tj^N nNnjio'7N ^nd^nSn 
♦cpn 'n7N M rrini n»->j; m no 
'n^N riip'^N M 'jhoSni pNVtONa diSj; 
niKJ:^N Siio ihoSn 'jrip' xna 
^:ishn^ nnN7o'7Ni doVni nnN'7aSNi 
jN in* ^ba ^vbti 'a 'ii* na 'iSn in 
J3o» Si rpoy' |N in' NO |'n rt?Dy^ 
♦J33' tl'sa po' |ND INI ah ^ii rha:; 
iDl* IK 'jar NO up Nina So;?* in* 
rrin in D':>ifN\N:nn oa^^N ion io 



quae dum ei non advenerit, vana eft quae in ea ^^Vl CDIpH 'n^N HinNlSN D33Sn 
ad eandem .recipiendam reperitur difpofitio, ac T7pj;7N1 nlNO'?Na M NnNON IN NnNIp 

Tn Slap*? Nn'a NiynoN'^N nil inda rn"ii*'7N arh Vxnn oV NiNa n^Vi* ni? 
riiri7N 



PORTA M S I S. 



p2n^3 niiv xnS Svnn dS p3i mji 
□.^'roSfJ, KQNi Dvo K^ n;?n Kp tysj 

n'3 nSx rr.N nDi];D ;3i DSibK np 

rxTj^N kSnnai upa 'j;ii27X tj7ni Dt^nV.s 
NON mVioSKi nnoi^Sx j^'oi ppn 

NQnS;rD Sor ii< n^«i 2Dn3 |ndjn7N* 

ds^Sn np -»\SD ;n Dii*7K niv in'tj?^* 
bipK pS ri'i^n n'sa pdn:^n jjSk nok 
nrxD^N NV'N nip^N* ninn \'\y np ^J^? 
ij* iDxa 'N"! ?Npo;^»^ ^Dnn n»vj;oSxi 
Soy N.-ra D'S p"? n'Hi- 'ni niVpnr^ 
m'3;; \x mvo Soy ddn n*?;; p^p» 
"jxj'n 'fl JN aipn no 'S nSp -jyiSi 

S'Ni'Di ri'pSi) S'Nva i.';^ii 'na '^'NiraS^ 
S\st-iSn n;?ij j^snSnKpo 'ai ri'pai 
TjS'' niin 'na ripoJ'^K ^'Kifa7N* xpx 
hairo 'm rTt:Dn'7i« ^i^:o pDx:SN 
nanyo n>'2 nsnp'^N'. nTya^^x 3KaDNS»^? 
Spr'^Ni n^NnoN ]^ nna; n7X '£>Sk mji 

Six*7N nj^SipyoSN jj;^^? yaoSNi iih 
nj^iio >nn KOI nxariDo "im njoi 
rnij ini nnaSK ntiji ND"i7N n:oi 
»a IK jKpr nS3 nynoa ^ty^K '7); onn 
DDj; np7K rnn "-r^Kini kij anp |Nor 
'7'Ki37K K0K1 KnnSaKpo "IK Kin 
rjbKi mm yr^hii. n'p^ijin Ma ftp'?Dj7K 
cnKii in KOiK ':)?dSk 5<in ♦a dkhS^* 
rtrna jjSk Kin S'Kifai mh^ fi'7'7 
hSKnr^'^i J^i)D'7.^i nar'^K Snp pj 
fij?Kj2;SKi n;?KJpSKi i^ifKin^Ki d^hSki 
Dnan^K in rj^K Kin b'NTii ^4n-^'J•l 
TJ7K i^iOK Kn'a i3K"jaK'7K IK nin 'a 
ri'-'ifa n'a SKp* ^^Sa S^dhoSki hkjSk 
'*?]; nKj n:K SKp* ^»ojki m'in k71 
t<03 noKpnoK TJ 'Sy IK fioKpnoK 
noin ':'Da ik noirn ikj |K7a jk SKp» 
noKpnoK '^7^ nKJ in ik nS'in noa ik 
ri^n-i kSi riVva kS nS^ Kin 'a uh^ 
: Sva^K Kin 'a nynu |k Ki-i7K ko Kina 

VKp 03^7;-^ VK7DK '3 WiKhSK "Ti^bii 

riny paS^? K03 noi rm D3J7'7 ponpK7K 



7* 



inftar rei prorfus fruftraneaj, ficut dicit, ^Etiam 
ut fine fcientia fit an'ima non eft bonum viz. ut 
exiftat anima formam fuam non confecuta, ve- 
rum fcientiae expers permaneat, non eft bonum. 
Verum de forma, & materia, & intelleftibus, quo- 
tuplices fint, & quomodo acquirantur, diflerere, 
non eft hujus loci, neque ad ilium quem de mori- 
biis inftituimus fermonem neceflarium, fed magis 
ad librum Prophetias, cujus meminimus, fpedat. 
Hie igitur finem huic capiti imponentes, ad 
aliud pergemus. 

Caput fecundum, De tranfgreffionibus faculta^ 
turn anim^, (^ dignofcenda ea parte in qua pri- 
marib reperiantur virtutes 6? vitia. 

Scias tranfgreffiones & obedientiam legales re- 
periri in duabus tantum animae partibus, foil, 
parte fenfitiva, & appetente : ac ad duas has par- 
tes [referri] tranfgreffiones & praecepta. Quod 
ad partem nutritivam, & imaginatricem, nee eft in 
illis obedientia nee rebellio, quia nuUus eft om- 
nino in iis deliberationis aut eleftionis aftus : ne- 
que poteft quis vi cohfilii fui adionem ipfarum 
fufpendere, aut ipfas ad unam tantum aftionem 
determinare. Annon vides has duas partes (foil, 
nutritivam & imaginatricem) folas ex omnibus 
animae facultatibus inter dormieridum operari ? 
Quod ad animam rationalem, eft de ea dubium ; 
verum dice reperiri quidem in hac etiam facultate 
obedientiam & tranfgreffionem, prout fententiam 
aliquam falfam aut veram ampjeftitur ; non efle 
autem in ipfa opus aliquod cui aut obfequii praj- 
ftit', aut tranfgreffionis attribuatur nomen ; ideo- 
que in prascedentibus dixi in iftis duabus partibus 
reperiri praeceptorum tranfgreffionem, aut pra?.- 
ftationem. Quod ad virtutes autem, funt eas du- 
plicis generis, morales, & rationales : ut & ipfis 
contraria duo vitiorum genera. Virtutes intel- 
leftuales parti infunt rationali ; ex iis funt, Sapi- 
entia, quae eft fcientia caufarum remotarum & 
propinquarum cognita prius exiftentia rei de cujus 
caufis quasritur ; & Intelleftus, qui eft intelleftus 
fpeculativus, ilJe fcil. nobis a natura infitus, fcil. 
intelligibilia prima, & intelledus acquifitus, (qui 
hujus loci non eft -,) & perfpicacia & praeftantia 
intelleftus, fcil. praeftantia de rebus quam celer- 
rime conjeftandi, nulla prorfus vel minima faltem 
mora interjefta. Vitia hujus potentias fecus aut 
contra fe habent. Quod ad virtutes autem mo- 
rales, reperiuntur eae in parte appetitrice tantum : 
Pars autem fenfitiva, hoc refpediu, parti appeti- 
trici famulatur. Ac virtutes hujus partis multas 
admodum funt, veluti caftitas, liberalitas, aequi- 
tas, manfuetudo, humilitas, animus contentus, 
fortitude, magnificentia, alia:que. Ejufdem vi- 
tia in horum defedtu vel exceffij [confiftunt.] 
Jam vero quod ad partes altricem & imaginatri- 
cem, non dicitur de iis virtus aut vitium, verum 
dicitur, refte eas aut fecus procedere ; veluti ali- 
quem probe concoquere, aut eundem non facile 
digerere, & vitiatam efle alicujus phantafiam, 
aut ipfum ivi^avlaaidlov efle, at his omnibus nee 
ineft virtus nee vitium. Atque hoc eft quod 
hoc capite tradere voluimus. 

Caput tertium, De morhis Animie. 
Dixerunt antiqui efle animas, perinde ac cor- 
pori, fanitatem & asgritudinem, Sanitas anima: 
% eft. 



» Prov. xix. 2. 



, iS .txt. 



72 PORTA MOSIS. 

eft, cum ita & ipfa & partes ipfius comparatae nj4\"l") NiinSTI nsfl |t< DfiiSs* niV5V'^2*» 

fint, ut continue aftiones bonas, pulchras, & n^2{< ^^^n ^^iiT\ nN'H J«<n\XTJN 

honeflas producant. ^Egritudo autem ejus, cum Sj^.^j^VnI nXJOn'^KI riNIO^K 

ita difpofitae fmt, ut perpetuo mala turpm, & j^^^i^^j^,,-, p^^ .^ j^^y^^l h^'.Qj'^K 

inhonefta faciant. Quod ad corpons fanitatem & .,^^.» ^_^'u,„^J ^.M-t ,^»-i,^v.<« «v»,^« 



gritudinem, de iis inquirit fcientia Medicine. '^ '-''\'^' 't. '^^' L' ''^ ' ''^' L '■"" ' ""l ' 

E? quemadmodum iis, qui corporis morbis labo- rH'^P^i^ ^N^'DX^Nl nNp\\T incrSN 

- _ • - - • - ^ ^ pjyj j,i^,d q„„d 2dVx rirNi::^ nnai ddj^n ri-iv n2n 

dulce eft amarum efle, quod amarum.dulce, adeo PO 3NTON |K tODI, ■]'>'i \V liHDn 



rant, fuggerit fenfusipforum corruj 



ut qux vitiofa funt fub fpecie eorum quibus nihil »3 DHDn "1ND3 DH? '~7'3' INIDnSj^ 

jneft vitii concipiat, augeaturque cupiditas ejus, HJN.'^:: IH ^*S,t: ♦Ql "10 ni{< N^n KO 

ac iis deledetur rebus, quibus nihil omnino ju- D^k^^q ^♦Ji n"nyD Q'XboSx illlVJl'D "l*?!! 

cundi fanis ineffe videtur, imo non raro dolor, ^^^j^^'mniS Oirm :3r\T\^n^ nflS^ni 

veluti elu luti, carbonum, pulvens, rerumque L^ w»i--»v»i«v« "^^^ — i««s »^»-^.»< iiiU ^jL 

valde aufterarum & acnum, cum alus ejufmodi . . . _LJ ^.-.^ .„_ ^ ♦►,-.-. --. 

cibis quos nequaquam appetunt fani, fed plane ^3»< ^DO □'^N Kn'3 ,Np XOD"! ip 

averfantur: ita animse morbis laborantibus, malis 'llOi^TNl DN-in^Kl DHpKl '?aa'7K 

fc. iifque qui vitiis fcatent, apparent ea quae mala nirpn7N ftinsy^Nl nVia;;7N ftintl^^N 

funt bona efle, & qure bona funt mala. Ac certe l>i7 WK ^':PPN7^? jO rnn injl 

malus perpetuo extrema, qua: revera mala funt, "]'7iD XnjIITl^' ^D t*«irt*iN7N NiTnriK^* 

appetit, eaque prae animi fui morbo pro bonis ha- »Yii "IJOE'nSn 'iJ^N DDJ>*'7N KVIdSj* 

bet. Et quemadmodum asgroti, cum noverint j^^JK IIIC? M JoJO 'iS On'? S'D» r»Np:'7J< 

morbum fuum, nee fint ipfi artis medicae periti, y^^^ S>?n3N nxnO 'H N,2 ♦•:•» nN7'3 

confulunt medicos qui ipfos docentes quid fa- ,^ ,^L^^ nn^ahn K-|3N ' 'IH' nn-J^Nl 

cere oporteat mterdicunt ipfis eo quod ipfi ju- . i_,^v»U w»-,C„-.-„. ^,-„., ii-,-,-,L^/' J 

cundum imaginantur, e^ue ipfos fumere cogunt, VIO^JN^ >*nV3m IW np'pinbK »i3 

quK minime grata funt, & amara, quo fanen- ^9" ^^^"^ I^ ^P^'"' ^nX^'D nD5i 

tur corpora ipforum & ad eum redeant [fta- 2t:7N H^^HTjI piDH' i^?*?! CHynO J^JIc'?;; 

tum] ut pro bonis bona, & pro malis mala p3:» K03 OmSnirfJ X^DN*?}^ I'^ND 

habeant : Ita & animas morbis laborantes doc- 7'DD? HD |J^ pninil NlS^IJ^' |{<{ 

tos confulere oportet, qui funt animarum me- ^noN*?}^ '~?'lKJri '>hy □m'lDJI J>?i'iS 

dici, quo eos ab iftis arceant malis quae ipfi bona DnONDJN TOH Tin nioSx nnnD'"X 

putant, iifque ea arte qua fanantiir mores ani- ^^^^^ h^^til^') ydlH 3N'DnDNS N^VJ-i'D 

mi, quamque cap. fequenti declaratur. fumus, ^ ^^(^ ,^^^, ^^^^^^ ^^ ^L^ 

medeantur. Quod ad ammo male aftectos, qui ' ^^..,^ __ ..iL^» ^ .„L .. \l 

non animadvmentes morbum fuum, eum pro *^J^^ °^ VT^ KOV^T.N ^s»1bND♦ 

fanitate habent, aut animadverfo non qusrunt '^"^ ■)^"lty7^? -)7n ?i^ Dmjnj'3 D3JK7« 

remedium, eodem futuri funt ftatu quo aegro- hrNJV7N3 OnjIDDn nN")0 t<nji:t3» 

tus, qui dum fibi jucunda feftatur, nee medica- 'D^J* D33^K p{<7p5< ^«s^3 SDH ^rhu 

mentis utitur, haud dubio periturus eft. Verum t^in "1^3 ^bH ^VsSn 'A J<nj'3i 

qui animadvertunt, & fequuntur tamen cupidi- j*;'^ jH^K DSJnSn NinoSi< t>?OK 

tates fuas, de iis dixit Liber veridicus referens p*w£^» i}{ pin^ ilJl^'SJl'l Dn2r)23 I17V2>» 

verba eoi-um, " quoniam in prava cordis mei cogi- w^, j^^^l, q-jSkOU p33Dn» i6) n3 
/./i.«.;>.r^^«. &c. 1 dumexplerefitim/uam ^ ' ^^ ^ ^ c, L^ 

expetit, auget fibi fitim : eos autem qui non ,^L„ „„„ -i»» \*L<^ -^(^•■,* ^-,1 -.* 

animadvertunt defcribit Salomo, dicens, ^ Fiajiul- l"^ i*^"?| 1^ ^^^ .T'~ ^'"i' 33L3n» 

/i re^a eft in oculis fuis, at qui audit confili- 2^5n37N 7Np □nnN77 pj;3nn p7;;Dt 

urn, fapiens eft, i. e. qui accipit confilium dodi, minur3 >3 □n71p |;; ^ii'\ Dn'Q ^TbH 

docentis ipfum viam quae revera reda eft, non 'll' |K TVp* ^J^< 'J)?* 'jl "^Sn O*? 

quam ipfe reftam patat ; rurfum dicens, ^ Eft NOKl N^'Pl^ MOSi "IT lill T-Wp)J 

via qtue reSia eft in oculis viri, at finis ejus funt yfo noSs^ Qrt3i'ia pTJ^E^' kS ihSj^ 

vice mortis : dicit etiara de iftis animas morbis pTw'7 y/tSljn VrV3 "11^' S'lK Til Sn7 

laborantibus, dum noli fciant quid fibi noceat, -^p^^,jj □t,}^^L,j< ^jj-, ^^^, ^i^^ , ' , q^}., 

vel profit. Via malcrum eft ficut caltgo, non JL l._,^„u '.^ ^,,., ._ ^L„ r,-.,u..« 

;;.W/«?«/Wm//«^««/: Verum ars medendi ^iT'^"/'! ^ ?^ ^^ n^Np'TO^p 

animis ejufmodi eft qualem tibi defcripturus fum '^^ ^"^^ 7^ "^^ ^^'^ "^5^' ""^ ^^^* '^^N 

hoc capite quarto. '^INH 'fi Sp mO Om nnnHNI K;'X 

Caput quartum, De medeld morborum anim^e. J<P N107P' K7 OnJ13 '3 D3:K7iS KinD7« 

Adiiones bonae, ea; funt quae funt aequales, in- H^DND D'jrE^n "^n"! pri:;aj» NO N*?! DmiT* 

ter duo extrema, quorum utrumque malum eft, 3tD nyf^J*;; KDN iSc-O' n03 l^'T nS 

unum exceflu, alterum defeftu [peccans] mediae. '-7^3'?}^ N"!!! '3 fli'N KOD MS D3iKV{< 

Virtutes autem funt difpofitiones animas & habi- yx"ION 3J3 '3 J?3N7'7N Si'S'^K 1;3N7Sn 

tus medii inter duasdifpofitionespravasquarum ,,-, ^^^^ ,^ ,^Sn S.^J^SnSn D32S« 

una m excefTu, altera m defedu eft, & ab his j,^ ^^^^^^^ h^nnj;O^N bm^^ 
TMi'Ty 'H S»Ny37N1 "I'Vpn IDnSn"! t3N73K NOmn« N7ty NJ^'OJ NOH p37D 

rvin |;n j-p^^* nix'^Ni "inK Nomnj* j'nnn i'riN'n p3 n'JDiriD r\n±>u\ n'JND33 

^ Dent. Kzix. 19. f Pror. xii, 15. f lb. ziv. zi. f lb. ir. 19. 



>m- 



PORTA M S I S, 



75 



7\^}h^ nh:;; r±)r\ 'nSx dsj^k p 
tlToSx ins nna'Sx s<^N fipi riViffl/n 
riSoj rfi^'TN^ DNDnN*7N q"t:^i Six*?}* 

D?7 NQHii; i'nSN DBiSK 10 prii^'n'^Ki 

jsjana rpixVK riN'n^K 'm DNDnK*??* 
nSlDi pSi)V^? yvrn |o 1""^^'^ «<i^pj 

DDNinSxi -iDon'^x JO tDDino yifKinSNi 
n7Nn:SNi innSK p CDDiriD D'^DS^i•l 
Sdd^ni Torhi^ |0 ntDD^.riD nrNJppxT 
nixnoSNi, 2-inSN* jO DDino a^nSxi 
-]9lDT SjD7N1 nnp7K I'3 DDino J^'n'7N1 

n-in ♦£) TiiD pxibx d^:» npi rioinpo 
nVifSi n^i) i'StoSn nnx Nnjjbn 7J<j;sk'7N 
fjiDbN pJb: ri-iNn ds^Sk S'Nia p 
nS'ifl ninn^K p3tb» j<od K'vd 71k*7K 
in p iN-i NiNi ti<r j?y '^'\r}r\piii poo'i 
nSKnoSN* 'bi; □np'^xi ^^^rh^ h'NJ /a 
T^^Sxn riDSin'^K 'ha rtDQ33 *pVi 
iii'^Kpi -j^TiD nnon pxanNSxa pj)» npi 
"i'dj^Sn c^-idSk p3b' riONni ;?Nj{y Nin 
U?"! D'Sn DQi'^j* pno^N |i^ pSip»3 

DNDHnSk tD'-U?7K ITT 3;Vp |N%pSN 

N-in 'V;;i t^'Sj; n;;3iD t^oj*? nN-ibSx:! 

fhni rini3no'7K '7Nj;qk7N p ^i^Sni 
rip'pnSK 'b;; nan» kojxi to^j n^D 

sjin in) j^a'}n ^jn73 n'7N;?flN \v\ 
S'Nira'^N* n-in jk q'^^ni aDin7K 
\2f2r\r\\ Svnn NOii^ n'p'7D':'K tn-t-iSni 

JNOT '5 riTns Nnsno p'^D'^N* ^Sn |p 

riTvo NT pD' ^s^ moK 7v^ p npritan 

DpnD mji ja 7N;;aN "jc-' n'^d ni;?' im 
^^n pDn np3 mSm nVnN ri-i'D 
IN ni3-iQo '(\:in npi rtooino SnpqnSk 
nina np xin pD'o Njai;i ko,d h^vpo 
3D im n,3t3 'a 'm» |k orS'a npQ: 

;;ri» 'nn mif3 nS^Np^Q Jnii Vno 
Njj;3n7x yinyK ainQ hinn:;i6ii '7X 
nn'72Npo '7K N3yim lirSK "jVi p; 

3 



difpofitibnibus neceflario profluunt iftas adllones, 
exempli gratia, Tempeiantia quae eft difpofitio 
media inter ihtemperantiam, & infenfibilitatem 
voluptatis ; Eftque Temperantia ex aftionibus 
bonis & difpofitionibns animas a quibus neceflario 
profluit temperantia, quae eft virtus mdralis. In- 
temperantia autem extremum eft primum, infen- 
fibilitas voluptatis omnimodae, alterum, quoruni 
utrumque malum eft fimpliciter, funtque dues dif- 
pofitiones animse a quibus neceflario profluunt in- 
temperantia, quas eft difpofltio modum excedens, 
& infenfibilitas, quse eft difpofitio defeftu pec- 
cans, funtque pariter duo e vitiorum moralium 
numero. Similiter, Liberalitas media eft inter 
avaritiam & prodigalitatem ; & Fortitude inter 
temeritatem & timiditatem : Urbanitas inter 
fcurrilitatem & rufticitatem : Humilitas inter 
fuperbiam & fui vilitatem: Magnificentia inter 
profufionem & fordes : Contentatio inter cupidi- 
tatem & torporem : Manfuetudo inter iracundi- 
am & lentitudinem : Pudor inter impudentiam 
& vitiofum pudorem •, & in reliquis [fimiliter,] 
nee opus eft hie recenfere nomina iis impofita, 
cum res fignificatse in promptu fint & omnibus 
intelledtas. Errant autem homines frequenter in 
his aftionibus, putantes extremorum alterum 
bonum efle & virtutem animae quandam. Alias 
quidem primum extremorum, bonum putant, 
quemadmodum temeritatem pro virtute habent, 
dum temere audacem fortem appellantj & ft 
aliquem extreme gradu audacias viderint, qui in 
pericula mat, feque fponte in perniciem conji- 
ciat, verum cafu evadat, eum ob illud laudant, 
dicentes. Hie fane fortis eft. Alias vero alterum 
melius exiftimant ; ita dicunt ilium qui animo eft 
lentiori, manfuetum, & torpidum, virum forte 
fua contentum, eumque qui nullo voluptatum 
fenfu capitur pro indolis fuae ftupore, tempera- 
turn ; & confimili errore prodigalitatem & pro- 
fufionem inter fafta laude digna numerant, fed 
hoc totum erroris eft. Illud vero quod merito 
laudatur eft, ut quis medium teneat, ad quod 
etiam tendere hominem oportet, atque ita tem- 
per omnes aftiones fuas perpendere, ut eo [in- 
clinent.] Scias autem virtutes & vitia ifta mora- 
lia acquit i & firmari in anima iteratione aftionum 
ab iftis moribus fluentiUm [idque] pluribus vici- 
bus, tempore longo, & dum iifdem afluefacia- 
mus. Quod fi bonae fuerint aftiones iftas, illud 
quod nobis iifdem acquiritur virtus erit ; fin malas, 
erit illud quod ex illis provenit, vitium. Homo 
enim natura fua a principio neque virtute^ neque 
vitio inftruftus eft, uti Capite odavo oftenfuri 
fumus ; ipfe autem fine dubio aftionibus [qui- 
bufdam] a pueritia fua juxta confuetudinem fami- 
liae, aut patriae fuae aflliefcet -, eruntque alias adi- 
ones iftas mediae, alias ejufmodi quas modum 
excedant, aut deficiant, uti defcripfimus. Erit 
ergo ei neceflarium, cum animam ipfius corripu- 
erit morbus, eandem rationem adhibere in ea cu- 
randa quas in curatiohe corporum adhiberi folet. 
Sicut ergo cum e temperamenti fui scqualitate mi- 
graverit corpus, obfervamus in quam partem in- 
clinaverit, & quo exierit, ut ei rebus ipfi con- 
trariis occurramus, donee redeat ad tempera- 
mentura aequale, ad quod cum redierit, ab ifto 



74 PORTA MOSIS. 

contrario adhibendo abftinemuSj & converfi pa- 'tj^SJ "iSn^ nSK"ini?K h)^ *^''py> ^t2^ 
ramus illi, quo in temperamento fuo xquali re- ♦<^j rj< -ji^.^ ^}<nD lyQ px^Df 
tineatur: eodem prorlus modo in iis quae ad -,^p, -^^Jj^ ,{3 j^j^.,-, -,l, jLj^j^^ 



ramus illi, quo in temperamento fuo xquali re- ♦-^j |j< -t^;)^ '~7KnD 'ID p^{S'^N*?^^ »3 

tineatur : eodem prorfus modo in iis quae ad ^^^, ^^^^ ,5 ^^,^ -,l, ^{^^^ ^^ 

mores fpeftant agimus exem. gr. ft videmus L,^^^^ ^^^ ^^^ .1 

niiemniam ifa ammo afFeccum ut eenium luum L _ ' ,• .; 7 > ' ' • -» 



quempiam ita animo afFedum ut genium fuum L,^,,-,^',^. ' -,u..^» Li^J l 1l ^ l 
?raudet, quod unum eft e vitiis aiSm^ & adio W3K |0 n^I?£3» n^« ^^r^S^ DJ3^K 
ex earum numero qus improborum propria funt, ^'^'^^ ^"^T^ ^''f' '^ ^^'^ J^C3 "liniy^N 
uti hoc ipfo Cap. oftendimus, cum morbo ifti rnoW D>7S n07N Nin 2£3J |N NiTlN' 
mederi volumus, non pnecipimus ei liberalitatem, D"|pN p 2P» p ^tX2 NlH JN^.NDD^Nn 
hoc enim inftar ejus eflet qui illi in quo calor t>57 "]7'Yl '7"Tn;70'7H 'e^S^D "inSx il*'?); 
modum excedit, re aliqua medii temperamenti ^"^'"^ JK »J3J» KOJN") njhO p nHD' 
mederi vellet ; quod ipfum morbo fuo neuti- f^i±}^ -1^3 rha'?N nnDn^K bVS' Vnr\ 
quam liberaret ; yerum ita conftitui debet ifte, ,^p, j,^^^ '■r\':^rh\ii. Sl/S H'^K TIDnn 
ut iterum atque iterum prodige agat, imo pro- «„^^^Li- 4i*i,t«i'iM iio»nSv» -tr^?,^ ♦►^ i,«»H 
digalitatis opera crebrius frequenter, donee affec- X^lZC^L\?i^°^^,i^'*X^ ™^^ ^^ ^^^^ 
tus iUe qui ipfum ad nimiam parfimoniam adigit, ^ ^^^^^^^ "^ '^ H^ '^Vnn ^N INDn 
ab animo ejus receflerit, ac pene prodigalitatis ^7HJ^^^*. H:]; ;?3"13 Tyni ^^^3•^^^p♦ 
afFeiftum induerit, vel proxime faltem ad cum 7J<r3N* '7J? prv |N3 maKJI nNn3N'7»>f 
acceflerit ; turn autem operibus prodigalitatis ipfi N*?! tD"ȣ)' N7 NO'NI "^Vi OmS'l NDdSj* 
interdicentes praecipiemus ut liberalitatls opera K3Kt3 ^TiDO nKJ'N;^ NHiV "iSiDI "lyp* 
conftanter exerceat, eaque perpetuo prasftet, nee l^jipn^K ^N^SN ^^yD' tN3 mOKi 
modum excedens, nee prasparce agens. Eodem ^-j^g pi'Sy 1"1DJ D^S iDS ^>J^"n3'l 
modo ubi viderimus aliquem opes prodige eiFun- jji-,-,^ j^q l^j:,^ ^,^3 ^^-,3 nT,nnSN^ 
dentem, ilh praecipiemus ut avantis opera prjEftet ,-, ii-,^,L^ -.j,-,. ».^-^(L,» L..I ' 1.l" 
caque repetat, neque tamen ipfi frequSter;; ope- ^n^^^J ,s. '^S 2?^^^^,^^"^ ^ " ^ 
rum avaritiae iterationem praecipiemus, ut alteri («DJN7K JN T". P 'D"| J{<7j;7N pjNp 
ifti opera prodigalitatis faepius exercenda injunxi- ^^^"^ ^'"'DK NDD77 "I'^DH /N p ni^ljn 
mus. Subeft enim hic aliquid argutius, quod 1/iDI VC&b '^r^Tb^ p nyiri |0 
medicinas [hujus] Canon & myfterium eft, fcil. f)'3j? ^1^*7^3 DNDHnVk □'"ti;7K . '$'\ts 
Facilius patrabiliufque efle, ut quia a prodiga- t]»2j; Pl'lty'^N yijl p 3npN"> SlDK 
litate ad liberalitatem revertatur, quam ut avari- q-jj^ ^N^&K HIiy'^K h^ TIDJ "h^)^ 
tia ad liberalitatem redeat. Eodemque modo ut q^tm^j^ ^ "VS^ ND2 '^I^^^< *TlbS^ 
qui nullo voluptatum fenfu tangitur temperan^ ^^^^ t^ D^?D^KS^{ 

evadat, quam qui cupiditatibus mdulget, ideo- __/ , w»**« -.a«v. -..-^.L..- : C 
que magis frequentare jubebimus intemperan- °^2 ^^ ?^^^ 1inribN3 |NDJ^N* 
tem opera ejus qui nullo voluptatum fenfu pj'XD *^i7K V'l'lJI p^ND ")"l^nD7^f 
tangitur, quam «v(«'<3-»i1oy iftum opera intempe- Nini h7Nni7N3 -li37^? n-|J KDO 'StO^ 
rantis, atque ita injungemus meticulofo audaciam, ^"11171 nbSriND {:!{<'7DN7K DD pJNp lil 
magis quam audaci, timiditatem •, & fordidum ad ]l3"in* \lh vh'^&)'i^ NIIKi* 'Jj^DviC 
prodigentiam magis inftituemus, quam profu- nDDIMoSN* n.S'n7K 'V C3nD3iK hJ^'H 
fum ad fordidam parfimoniam : atque hic Canon "inN^K IPti K'T'^'^'P K7'D N1Vo» hi '"JD 
eft medicinal morum quern obferves velim : at- ^-^^^ ,^y^ fmh^ SdD hv ^kSkI 
que hanc ob rationem non lolebant vm virtute I --^« »_,» ii^.»Ui.» •.* •»Ur».. ' ' ..L • ^ 
praftantes animi fui afFedlus ita ordinare ut in ^2:.Z\ .^Sfll -'^L J^^ '^ ^^^3 
medio prorfus ftatu efTent, fed aliquantulum ad ^V^^^^ 1^1 Jp'^^p mb-^N^ DNOnK^N 
exceflum aut defeftum incHnarent cautelse gratia, 1? l"* ""^ P"*^ ''^ l^"" .^ ''' f* "^"•'"^^^^ \"i 
ex. gr. a temperantia ad a'va^^nffiav voluptatum, J<7'7p nDil7K im ;^irNin7K (j;! Nj:)>7p 
& a fortitudine temeritatem verfus, & a mag- tbn7> 'J^^O'^K Nim KiTI^ND '3 'iS'lpI 
nificentia aliquantillum verfus prodigentiam & ab ^J0 f^OKI jnH nTltt'O □♦JO'? OnSpS 
humilitate aliquantillum verfus fui vilitatem : y-^^") INDJnSn V)^3 >S N'7ira7i< mSy3 
eodemque modo in reUquis, atque hoc innuitur i'n^^ -,n3 S'dW tO Nir^* DHJO rNDS^N 
dido ipforum, Infra menfuram juris. Quod L^,i^i^^ ^^^^ ^^,.^1,^ L^^ ^ ^ 
ad ea etiam quae aliquando recerunt virtute ^.4.4^ ».« -.*«i..4 —....» — _uL L 
praftantes non^ulU inclinando ad alterum ex- ^^^^^^ ^'^^^ 3-in DH^Vk SdN TOl 
ttemum-, dum fcil. jejunando fe macerarent, ^^^^ ^^^P^'^ ^'^^^^ DX3'7J*1 HD^yH 
nocftu furgerent, ab efu carnis, vinique potu, ^^^ nj<-ia7i< »|] J?Nt:pJN'?Nl ^NDJ'^N 
mulierumque confortio abftinerent, veftes laneas 3t37N nnj ^^i^ i^H nin p H^Z' N"17;?D 
& cilicinas induerent, montes incolerent. Ion- J<i'N nino':'K ^HK 1X0371 N313T N03 
geque fe in deferta fubducerent, non aliam ob OiTinU^KSOS P"1D0* DHiK \sn NiJ< 
caufam ex his quicquam faftitarunt, quam Medi- {{qq Dnmc?;^ IN"! DnSN^SX TfH) 
cinae, uti diximus, gratia, & propter corruptos j^^j^j.^ DHpsSi.^ nND3 KH'D ]'\m^n* 
urb^ incolentium mores; cum viderentfe,fami- ^^ j^vdJN K'? li^m nxn^S*? DH:)? 
liantate ipfonim utendo, raftaque videndo, cor- ^^.-1-, ,4.-,, ,^ >iiSs> ^s*^ 1 

ruptum iri ; timerentque ne a confortio ipforum '-* '"^ ^^'^ ^ -Jj7iN ^Ip inj 
mores fuos contagio pervaderet j quare fe ab ipfis fubduxerunt in deferta & [loca] ubi nemo 

repe- 



PORTA M S I S, 



75 



^K^jl'^^? ll^n KJsSa 'T\ D*nniK n^D repenretur malus ; fecundum diftum Prophete, 

SvJ^SnSj^ Tf\'r\ KiSya N7V0'7f* 7»S7]i< ^ ^is dahit mthi indefertotuguriumviatorum.^c. 

nXTD Nni3b nrrinj NIoSj;' oSi ^""^ ^"'^^"^ viderent ftulti viros iftos virtutc in- 

Dn'?n3 i:"lD^ IK nnorrn KninVpl ^g''^^ hujufmodi aliqua feciflb, fcopum vero ip 

.„ —i, U--, -,-,«j..ni^ ..-,-,„, ^*^S^i«l "'''V'? nelcirent, exiftimantes ea in fe boni 



□niN KLO'1 .3^<W fij^iies iiils futures, unde corpora fua omni cru- 
|Q nnp "^.pD IKI NT3^N17yDl datus genere afflixerunt, ita fe virtutem aflecutos 






VdSkh Nina t^JipoK' np foph^ \i2 
j<i-iDfl N'lj'^N cnj;; Ki];Dp'i t<mroi 



beneque fecifle autumantes, eoque pafto ad Deum 
fe propius accefluros, utpote qui inimicus fit cor- 
pori, ejufque deftrudionem & perditionem velitj 
non animadvertentes interim fadta hujufmodi 
mala in fe efle, atque illis vitium aliquod animae 
contrahi, nee alii rei comparandi funt quam [cui- 
piam] medicinae ignaro, qui videns medicos peri- 
tos graviter aegrotantibus bibendam praebere me- 



' " L~ ' L L ~ " L ' ' '• dullam colocvnthidos, fcammoniam, aloen, & 

^^**:^.T^ r LlA?u/^'''2?T°['^?-.i? ejufmodi, cibo ipfis interdicentes, eofque hoc 



nnxSxDD n't3^N\p ''^'iTs N'tyN'^N .Tin 
nnn-;; t^ n^nv^ji 'pnn \^ tijkSni 
NnSiKin* ix "i'S{< birjij xn's nnn lu 
ina KitioSK nonni nmnn NO'Nn 
N-hD on N7^^?^ "^SnD "jiy N7i no* 

Nnanxj; 5<n'fl nne^ kdd njS n7DDo^i< 
DQono its: t<iw^ no'on ♦'♦ nnin 
nnvp NOiNi Nnn |o 'ir^ nxn xih ^nfi 



'D a^* ncim 



'T' 



pado a morbo fuo fanari, atque exitium, mire 
liberatos, effugere; dixerit: Ciim res iftae libe- 
rent a morte, quanto magis fane valetudinem 
confervabunt, aut ipfi eam augebunt ? ideoque 
femper ilia fumat, & a^grotantium regimine uta- 
tur, ac fe a-grotorum more tradet, qui dubium 
non eft quin in morbum incidat : ita & ifti, me- 
dicamenta in ftatu fanitatis adhibendo, fine dubio 
animi morbos contrahent. Lex ergo ifta perfeda, 
quasque nos perfedos reddit, (prout teftatus eft de 
ipfa qui [optime] eam novit, s Lex 'Domini perfe5fa, 
convertens animam^ fapientem reddens imferitum^ 

I ^ ^_ , - , - ,-• ^^0 ™^'^ *^'^ prascipit, verum eo tendit ut fit 

'^NnriyK^ SdX' jK n9 ND '^SK* KJDDI^K ^?"^° ^^ naturas prasfcriptum ordinatus via me- 
NO nDJ'l '^Nnn;;^^ !inu?> IK rh ^iD miy^l ^'^^ incedens, adeo ut illud quod ipfi edere [per- 
SnvS{<nn{<SD'7Nnori':'Nnhr{<:inDJnJ<n^ miflum] eft,_mtra modum edati moderateque 

I« ihyf\rhii'\ nrC^bK OnS* r« nSi f^fti^i^ & 5^,^ ftudens ; non ut fpeluncas in! 
N3:J ^Sn \V 'nil nDi:?n □DJV^? »p{y» colat & montes, neque ut cilicium & lanam in- 
TnDn ri^ nSDI nni'^K ^a 7pi'7N J>J:KJ duat, corpufve affligat & cruciet. Imo hoc ve- 
S;; 'Dl Kl7Kp1 C?a:n 7y NtDn ne^XO tat, juxta illud quod ad nos traditione pervenit ; 
TO ^tyiy ^ItyD b^ m? KOn tyaj mr'N Dicit enim de h Nazireo, Et exfiabit illi Sacer- 

Cn^n N^ni V'n '^''•^ quod paccavit in animam. Dicunt, '^lid ergo ? 
in quam animam peccavit ijle ? Ideo quia Jihi vino 
interdixit. Annon ergo (concludunt) verba argu- 
mento a minori ad majus ? Si ille, qui fibi vino 
interdixerit, opus babet expiatione, quanto magis 
ille qui fe ab omni re abjtinendo affligit ? Et e 
monimentis prophetarum noftrorum, eorumque 
PTDJ n» 'h'J "yr\ rhia ^KIJI ^)7^5y'7^? qui legem noftram nobis tradiderunt, percipimus 
□NySi^ '3 nnNI DV Dis'i' '£) 7ND lOS ipfos [hoc] fibi propofuifle, ut moderationem fec- 
On^lp ini xS IN nSn ''7]7 Din* bn tarentur, animafque ac corpora fua eo, quem lex 

' requirit, ftatu confervarent ; & juxta illud quod 
refponfum a Deo excelfo eft per prophetam fu- 
um illis qui quasfiverunt de jejunio unius diei 
annuo, num illud continue obfervarent, necne. 
Hoc eft, quod dicunt Zachari^e, Num flebo 
menfe quinto j'eparando me, quemadmodum feci jam 
tot annis ? Refpondit ergo ipfis, ' Cumjejunaretis 
fcf plangereiis in quinta &' in feptima, i^ jam 
feptuaginta annis,nunquid jejunium jejundflis mihi? 
£5? quando comeditis CsJ' bibitis, nonne vobis ipfis 
comeditis & bibitis ? tum ipfis modum tenere 
ac virtutem ampledi tantum prascepit, non je- 
junium •, atque hoc eft quod dicit ipfis, '' Ita dicit 
Dominus exercituum, pracipiendo. Judicium veri- 
tatisjudicate, ^ benignitatem iS mifericordiam facite unufquifque cum fratre fuo, i^c. dicitque 

poftea 
•" Jer. IX. 2. i Pfal. xix. 7. ^ Numb. vi. 1 j. ' Zech. vii. 3, &c. * Ver. 9. 



-i;rion m33 '^^'i V'n jo lo^i^ np'i'u; 
nf2yi noD nnx Sj; "xn '^lo ^m)^ 

h:N'in '-'Nnn;;K'7N \r\'i^'' anNi^xn 
najin no '^^^ pnoNDJNi onDSiK 



ne^KD nTJn 'tr^onn tynna nDSNn nnorS 
onov o nn^Niia D'iu? noD nr ^n'ty;; 
n:2; □♦;^35y nn ';;'a&'a"» 'c?»onD niSDi 
intyn 'di i'7DNn 'dt 'Jn 'jino-: Qiifn 
p'miyn anNi o'SoNn onN N^n 
fiVyaSNi SxnnyN'^xa , annoN Dn 
□nb n'^ip im DN^i'SND n"? *opa 
noN oaero noxS niNDi: ♦'♦") nos* no 
rnN MN ty»N ic^j? D'onni nom vovDty 
ov:; niNDv ♦'' noN nD -]Sn n;?3 Sxpi 
cnvi yotyn min 'ly'onn □V:;"! 'j;'ann 
nnoty^i ptyty'? nmn' n'a'? n'n» n'lyyn 



76 PORTA MOSIS. 

poftea, > Ita dicit Bominus exerciiuum, Jejunium i^nx QiSjym tX2'ii.rX\ CD»2V0 D'^pioSl 

quarti ^ jejunium quinti ^ jejunium decimi erit rtpDi^N VnVSSk M nON JJ* oW 

J.j««i 7«^ ,«^W;«m &? Uttttam ^ tnfolen. J^^^^ ^^^ L, ^ ' ^ j^ 

Scias autem Veritate [innui] virtutes intelleftua- 2??.1.ST'^^ ^^™ L^^^^? l'^ 

les, quoniam illse i-.r.^ funt, nee mutantur, uti D Ji^^ D^^e^'^K p3' NHD 'fl^K n^pSiVj* 

Capite fecundo diximus. Pace autem virtutes P"^ *"''*<'"' ^«P19 IN5 .'iTU ♦':5K r JIN'I 

morales, per quas fit pax in mundo, Ut *^^f NJriJ?ne^ 7n}< |0 ^707N3 Ninri'C'n 

autem ad inftitutum meum revertar. Quod fi NOJK OHJK Nn'3 IH NOJi^ ♦/2N'?3 

dixerint ifti qui fedas quafdam e legis noftrae cul- DnONDJN . Npsyx |0 pS^S' i<!3 nSVi3» 

toribus (de illis enim loquor) imitati funt, fe illud ♦ip^ rSiH^'^H S'DD 'SjJ? QiriN'iS L'U'^I 

ouod faciunt, dum corpora fua affligunt, & ab p^nj^N im S'ON N")i"l3' '31 CDJ'i'K 

ftinent a voluptatibus, eo fine facere, ut po- ^^ ,^ ^^,^ ^^ ,L, ^^^ rnnnhii 

tentias corporeas fubiugent, quo aliquantulum ad -.Li., »v»«»v.C.» »^. .v. — .t.. L./ \J LC 

alteram pSem inclinent, prJ,ut hoc ipfo Capite T'lPJ.'^^^!^^^ P^L I^ °f^' ™^ ^'^^^^ 

oftendimus neceffe efle ut comparatus fit homo ; F V^^ T^J KO '7^ DH:,:: D^^J JslHS 

hoc equidem in ipfis error eft, uti oftenfuri J'\'\t2ii'\ nOTl NO noin NOJN n;?nu^'7.\ 

fumus : idque quia lex noftra illud quod illi- 'prt 'JJ^N 23D^N Nil |0 nnOX NC3 

citum pronuntiavit, ideo vetuit, eaque quae prae- w "iflDK nnnKl/N nniSx j]; t_j;3i 

cepta (unt ideo prsecepit ; fcil, ut magis ab una 75N('::7X Dnnn jND nVXn*7X nnj 

parte recedamus difciplinae gratia, fiquidem quod nDNJoSN DnnrV) NilSs DJTinVN 

ad ciborum yetitorum omnium, & veneris illi- ^^^^ ^,^U^^ l^^T^h^^ rJiCrhi^ 

citae prohibitionem, dum prohibet Icorta, & m- ^L »,L_ LLi, »CL, ,...«i-.» -....1 

jungit^ literas contt;ftus & fponfalia (ita tamen 1? '7/^,, K1.J^ C, J '^^T^ '^?^^ 

ut his omnibus adhibitis, non quolibet tempore ^^^^^ '^ °^^^ ^^ $?P'^ ^"D 

permifla fit [uxor,] fed prohibita tempore im- i^^'^i^ N^n jnH ^'21 mj'^^NI nn:^N 

munditiae & partus, ultra quod etiam praefcrip- "l^i \!J J^IH^l nNDJIH jp '7'7pr\7Jii 

feruntDodores noftriparceVeneriindulgendum, I^sJ JH^nJD '3 N*iO KO '7;; pNnj'7N2 

eaque interdiu uti vetuerunt, ficut in Trad. San- "Tj;3J7 Vth^ iliDDN NO^K ("173 ffirt 

hedrim explicavimus :) haec (inquam^ omnia in J); TQ'^'S NTHD N"T^3 mtybx fl"lD JJ^ 

mandatis dedit Deus, ut quam longiffime ab ex- DNDnK^N DTl^ rtHJ "hn DDinbit 

tremo intemperantiae recedentes paululum verfus j^iDfiJx' 'S n2nn ^nn i<7''?in rtib'^Na 

«v^<3-«a;«. medium tranfeamus quo in animis ^^,^^^^,q ^^^^ h:iif\'2) r\h^ii nN'.t 

noftns difpofitionem temperantias confirmemus, Jl^„.u«» .,*LL»« -.L....»Jl.T ^ 

Eodemque modo quicquid" n lege occurrit -de ^^^^^^^ W^^-^ mX'p'^K j;31 10 

folutione decimarum, de fpicilegio, de manipulo °2"'' n'1^7lj;7N1 ^TSth^S tlUZhp 

per oblivionem relido, de angulo [non deme- I^IIDHQ H nplV7}i"l 73V'7N1 nL3,2'kr7J< 

tendo,] acinifque deciduis & recemis, ut & ju- 'fin ^"12^^ JD Dnn T'b'Z "^Ti KQJI^ 

dicia anni relaxationis & Jubilaei, & de eleemo- NI'HD N*1J,'!J n7N'i37N t]'TD p^ 1J733 

fyna prasftanda quantum pauperi opus fit, totum KJ7 n3h' T^T^ "^i^Sii f17C3 TO 37pj1 

hoc ad proflifionem opum propius accedit, ut "ip^j^ -|2nj?n nN2njr?6N NnnDI mJ^K 

ite longius ab extremo animi fordidi abdudi pro- ,p p,^;^^^., ^p ^^i^^ KmJnS r'jnsy'?^ 

pus accedamus ad extremum prodigent,^ quo cijeprUK^K nm7 NO SliO DOjVn* 

ftabiliatur m nobis magmficentiae [virtus.] Atque ^„.l ..L, —.^^ ,A. -.u-* l\.-.i-w • 

fi hacrationemaximam prsceptorim partem per- ^^^^P ^^ °T^ ^^ '^^P^ ^N"^*< ^'^^'^ 

penderis, invenies ea omnia fiibigendis animi af- ^^fn Tin 10^; O'pn DpH DlWn Dip; 

fecflibus infervire: quemadmodum vindiftam & CDD'tyn 3tyn iTlDl rin7i\1 g^J^N nip 

ultionem tollit dido ifto, '^Nonfurges^ neque obfer- 'iflO ^713") 7J'2'?N nN'H S'fJl 'fin 

•vabis, " derelinquendo derelinques, elevando elevabis tSU "?2D 'jl [pf '^3 riTim Qlpri HD'C^ 

<•«/» ipfo (^c. quo potentiam ira? & iracundiae re- "n'jl» "IS^N "l2"in SdO IIDH N*? J") "T^H 

tundat. Ita & illud. Reddendo reddes ea, [eo ten- Synni nHpSN nX'H Sn* Tin 'j1 n^ 

dit] ut tollat difpofitionem avarite : ita &, "Co- f^^^L^^ ^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^ ^,^i^^ I 

ram cams Purges, t? revereberts factem Jems, isc. J,-,,-, Jl^^ i-,v.-,s Us^il,v» .^,.v» **...w.v 

Honorapatremtuum,^c.Non recedes abomni quod Tn^^, "f,^. "Zf P'^ P> 'JI^K -1DK>:.N> 

/z^/ r</-^rf«/, i^c. ad tollendam difpofitionem im- T" ^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^. ^^ ^^W ^^^ 

pudentia^, & contrariam illi verecundiam intro- ^"^7^^ '3 'p2JT K3rN 7Ji)'7N '-7'r' 

ducendam. Deinde, ut ab altero etiam extremo J*^^ 7nNJ7N \3Dlii KJ N7ND ♦DDl':'^ 

retrahat, fcil. a pudore vitiofo, dicit, ^ Increpando i^whn nln ''7;^ T?' |K Ck^m -p 

increpabis proximum tuum, non timebis, i£c. [hoc '7N TNI 27ty7Nl '^SN^N D^ri' jN hh^ 

inquam dicit] ut etiam pudorem vitiofum tol- Dnrt'l SdNoSn JO CD.nn JsIO Dnnn 

lat, quo viam mediam teneamus. Quod fi ve- HNDJOT TO Q-in t<0 'Sn NTNT JNIT^N 

ahquid addere •. veluti fi cibum aJiquem & po- ,^ i, L, j ^ l,^ ,l, ^., 

turn lUicitum pronuntiet ultra cibos iftos quos .1.^ . '^ ■*^_. _. L __ ^^j""' 

illicitos pronuntiavit lex, aut conjugium prohi- f^^'^ ^P OOnir^N) niC'np.-J^NT 

beat ultra concubitus lege illicitos fados, aut ^^'^ ^^V' N7 im nnarSK ^^yflx '"i'fl' 
qui omnes facultates fuas in pauperes eroget, aut facris ufibus [devoveat,] ultra ea qua: in lege 
[requiruntur,] eleemofynam, res ufui facro confecrandas, & sftimationes, faciat hie certe, quam- 

vis 
' Cap. viii. 19. "" Exod. zziii. 5. » Deut. xxii. 4. • Lev. ix. 32. p lb. xix. 17. 



PORTA M S I S. 



11 



CDinSti "^ TO''*^ fiinKl'^N n^^NnS^. »3 vis Infcius, ea quae malorum propria funt, & ad 
□N^D pJ^K i<"in '3 □♦DDnSSl nSoJ extremorum alterum reliflo prorfus medio per- 
KTM '5 im n:0 nnjN top O no» a*? t'^g^t. Eft autem fapientibus, in hunc fenfum. 



nxDN'^N HDc; ip3' 'nn □mJi |nq'k 
nV n-iDNC^ na -j"i t<*7 pTO* 'i 



diftum quo non aliud magis mirum [ad aures] 
meas unquam pervenit, quod habetur in "i Gema- 
ra Occidentalium, Capite nono Nedarim, ubi vi- 
tuperantes illos, qui fe juramentis & votis obftrin- 
gunt, adeo ut captivorum inftar fint, h^c habent 
verba, Rab. Adai nomine Rab. Ifaac, Annon 
fufficit tibi illud qiiod illicitum fecit lex, nifi Csf ipfe 

alia tibi illicit a feceris ? quas ipfiflima eft, quam 

?0 ?XD npS INVpi xSl nlN'T N^D '1D commemoravimus, fententia, fine additione aut 
uV SvaSfJ Nin ♦£) nKJIDl m j;»Oi diminutione Ex omnibus autem quas hoc Ca- 
ni-W :X 'JDJ' nDD"inD'7N ^V;raNbN im P^e Jamdida funt conftat adiones medias fee 
"V I" C _,,♦ i-,-, r^»L ._,„s tandas elle, nee ab ns ad alterutrum duorum ex- 
]r2 rf^^X\ '^^ Nnj;?,jnD' J>>7 rUNI tremorum, pr^terquam medicine gratia, & ut 
n:'aKp07K1 3D^N.nnj '^^r N7N pn'irNn^K contrario occurratur, defledendum. Et quemad- 
fii^NJi'D tl"lN;;7N ^J"17N* |N NOD") nif'^ND modum mediciniE peritus aliquis, ubi tempera- 
"iD'kS* nun. "Tp nJNfD ♦S*'! N'i>? DD'^K mentum fuum vel aliquantillum immutatum effe 
\2'^ty X^dm "j"iri* K*71 T73J1' XV 1"jin videnr, nequaquam illud negliget, aut morbum 
NHNI fi'KJ'/J* '3 ^Ip 2D 'bi< iKnn* Tin invalefcere finet, donee medicamento ad modum 
J<Dtr^ HPDJ KV;;}* V2 lyp |N Q*?;; ^°'^' °P"^ habeat ; aut fi noverit aliquod corpo- 
rr^6b^ N":i\sSN 2JJm N-TD}* nj;? W "\^"' membmm imbecillius efle, illud femper 
taU^ ta... 4«.«. »,.»i^« w»«u •*..-,« -,C tuebitur, ea quae illi noceant rugiendo, & quas 
n;?T TO' ;nn nySi;: .^*0^ iVpn n^ jHip^ofi'^t feftando, donee ad fanitatem redeat, 

aut faltem non magis infirmetur ; ita & virum 
perfedtum mores fuos aflidue ad examen revo- 



Tpsn^ |N .nS 'J2J' Sqnd'7K indj^Sn 



"IDnj^'l r~l7NJ?3}< 1^1 NO'NT npN7Di< care decet, viafque fuas perpendere, atque m 

♦KT NO '^DO i^OV ^>iOV rTDSJ nN*n animi fui inclinationem quotidie inquirere, & quo- 

'tl'N'in'^N fO n'SyNH inj nVKO r~ID3J tiefcunque ipfum ad aliquod extremum propen- 

nN'n*?N *l"in' t^tSl JNtJ^'^N^ "I'TNU ^ere viderit, quam primum medelam adhibere, ne 

NPD "IE^Sn ^VS "^nOilD iDOnn IdSn d>^pofitiones pravas malarum aftionum iteratione 

^Cj-j. — in»t» i'in ^UJ» ^iSiDI NJ^3"i co"fi''"^^''i finat, quemadmodum diximus : eodem- 

Lwtv,-, -It^,^*-!* 1->^'^1^ -vf^J s4^s* w-,1^-11^ que modo fibi ob oculos quofcunque mores vitiofos 

}<0'N-TnjX/r DJ^'1 rnjp n^N JpSJX ;; ^ fe [repererit] ftatuens, eos aflidue curare fa- 

INDiNV'^pD' fN na NS-jNNJOnp NOD ^.^g^t, ii pr^mifimus i cum fieri non poflit, 

pDI? NpNp np nDDK737N \iO f 'Npi quin fit homo vitiis obnoxius. Ita dixerunt Phi- 

S'NVfl^'? PDD'7ND "in |0 "liV in n^^l lofophi, difficile, aut vix pofllbile, efle ut reperia- 

ISON N"Tj;0 n'piOJ7N1 ripSil'^N NH^D tur qui natura comparatus fit ad omnes virtutes, 

"^A J<n'3 iriD "Ip3 {>J'DJN'7N DHD tarn morales quam intelledbuales •, quin & pro* 

P*1a*' NO") 'jl fON' ^«4S IHDVD JH ^Np phetarum libri multa habent eodem [fpedlantia :] 

nti'N 'rh'* nDr» nOI Sn pjr tyW ^'^^"^^ ^t^^^^-,' Ecce in/ervis fuis non ponitftabi^. 

TN OIN O pN'7DN^ND '^Np no^tyi ffi^,^c^t,Numjuftificabiturmtusmuliere^ 

Ntarr N'?! plO nC'r T^N pND pnV j;^;,^ ^« V ^.«,. >/«,;•« /.rm^ quifaciatbo- 

PDN7N1 .p1N'7N TD JN O^^n DJNI ;,„;„ y ^^^ p^^cet. N6fti etiam Domino pri-' 

X7 li^' ♦TJ'n n7 7Np np Um nc^O omm & pofteriomm M^ Doftori noftro dixiflb 

7J^ CDJT'lO lE-'N ^J? Jll 'D □nJONn Deum excelfum, ^oniam non credidiftis mih\ 

nD:*!! n7D Nin 'jn Orityip ah IC^N (^c qnk rebelldJUs dum non fanaificaveritls, (s'c. 

^rtN inj '^NO niN DnSd^N n'S]^ Hoc totum, ciim culpa ejus efl*et, quod inclina- 

ji'n^'jjjuh^ii'ilQ^^ |0 h'^'Vfl (1^ rn'tyNH^N ^^"^ verfus unum duorum extremorum a virtute 

MpD nnSN im SnO NOV □Sn'7N »m S"^'^^'" "^O'-^l'' f ^l- ^Mfl^dif dum ad 

n4 nSSNTp) 'Jiamon N: 1j;05y i'^cundiampropenderet,d.cendo,^«A«^^^^^^ 

/J/ .. '". I ^ . _L.-^ .».. . rebelles, fevere il i imputavit, quod iftiufmodi 

Sn^D' rU^N^Jl nvnOD Jnn' nbnO pS' JN ^;, ^^ iracundiam, coram toto Ifraelitarum cc^tu, 

*-7n01 irOii rrp 'JDJ* N7 r^lO '3 iti moveretur ubi irafci non decuit, cujufmodi 

□tyn '-7')7n j^jltrbN *p^ pn 'fl Nin facJhim refpeftu talis viri profanatio erat nominis 

NHD nriN07Dl ><n^D nnN3"in niN*? divini, cum omnes ejus geftus & verba imita- 

^i^Ob ^Vi'lSx V^\y ^«i^D^ njTt'' rentur [homines,] iifque fe ad felicitatem turn 

iinSN niO ><nD' fl-DO HDnSnI X'in'7N temporalem tum seternam perventuros fperarent. 

>«bl N^d'noD -yrrdl^ SnTSN P ini Quomodo ergo appareret in illo iracundia, qua 

Dfli'^NhN'n 10 n'-jn liX'n ?;? nSn 1T;f' (^^i oftendimus) eft ex aftionibusmalorurn [pro- 

ina 'D anno nSn 'S nSp KOJNI r^rns] nee ahunde quam e pravis animi difp^^^^^ 

-,»Av.^ .,.>-» «,"t, J,rv. -,s« M^l w»« ♦U.* tionibus oritur? Quod autem de [facftoj ilto di- 

imy ,ND D'^ n:N -^^TI pa: J<0 ^j; ^j^^ i?,^,//4/?/, inlne, hoc ea, quam explicaturi 

U fumus, 

I Hierofolymit. ' Job iv. i8. 



78 



PORTA M S I S. 



fumus, radone [intelligendum] eft ; fcil. quod 
non idiotas aut virtutis expertes alloqueretur, ve- 
rum populum ita comparatum ut vel contemptif- 
fima foeniina eflet inftar Ezekidis f. Buzi, prout 
locuti fuiit Sapientes, qui omnia qua," diccret 
aut faceret perpeiiderent ; qui ergo ipfum facile 
ad iram provocari videntes dicerent, Non eft ille, 
c. p. ex iis in quibus vitium aliquod morale rcperi- 
tur, nifi ergo Deum nobis iraici fciret ideo quod 
aquam petierimus, nofque ad flirorem Dominum 
provocafte, haudquaquam iracundia commotus 
miflet, clim tamen non invenlamus ipfum [De- 
um, fc] dum cum illo hac de re fermonem ha- 
buit, furorem vel iram prae fe tulifte, verum 
hoc tantum dixifte, Sume baculuniy ^c. &, bi- 
hendutn pr^ebe cestui, & jumentis ipforum. Ve- 



DKpx '^p an^ rlb'ira xbp kSionu' 

tp mtn.No^D n:"n3nr Spij' ij* 
|N chv .njK x^iSi pSj n'7n-i nh jo 
7-th^^ inn* jnd noS 'Srn nj^JopDK 
nK np '^Np ^3 2VJ N^^i jnn ri'vpSi* 
^s»:b'7n pV iind'^k pj |p .N<ij-i3 npi 
^ilx d:i 'n '^kd' No.TnDi n't) Vp 

H'l) >p XOl |ni HKj'^p t>SO pj^'NT 



rum digreffi fumus a Capitis hujus fcopo, ita 

tamen, ut unum folverimus ex iis quae in lege 

occurrunt dubiis, de quo multum difleritur ac dif- KO'NT n'7K>'2N \V< |NDiK'75< iND Jsj-ixQ 

putatUr,quodnam,fc. peccatumcommiferit Afij/f? |q ^-yy I'^y^ »g .{^.3 xriDDlN nvpn 

Perpende igitur & quid 110s dixerimus, & quid n'^^K fO :}-)p' 'fny\ JNDJnSn nt^J^l 

did de eo [foleat ] Veritas fibi v.am parabit. ^ ,^j, ^^^^ 'j^^^, ' L^ 

Ut autem ad inftitutum meum revertar. Cum L,-.-, -_,m,-.»L^. ^ » • ^_» _ ^ i_ ■ 

quis perpetuo fadla fua trutinet, & qu^ in medio J^^'^P'-^^n'^N ^<n^^ ipi mND^'^N ."TUn 

^fita funt feftetur, fliturus eft in fummo eorum ^^^ ^"^^^ J^^^^p^ ^'^^ ^<1^J1 V•^J'7^« 

quae in hominem cadunt gradu, eademque ratione *^'^'p^ /!^ IJTJ^Vi-'O ilKllI HDV VrnrniN 

ad Deum quam proxime accedet, ac prasmium *"?*< OM^K yt^O "l3K"IN "Vn d'V^ 'ju; 



apud ipfum repofitum accipiet •, atque hie eft 
perfeftiflimus cultus [divini] modus. Quam 
fententiam commemorarunt etiam Sapientes, ac 
literis confignarunt, dicentes, ^icunque diffonit 
vias fuas, dignus cenfebitur qui videat falutem 
Domini, ficut di£ium eji ; ' Ei qui difponit viam 
fuam, ojiendam ei falutem Dei. Ne legas [inqui- 
unt] vefam derec [& difponens viam] fed Sham 
[fcil. a Shum Rabbinorum.'] Shumma autem eft 
aeftimatio & conjedura. Atque hsc eadem 
prorfus eft, quam per totum hoc Cap. explica- 
vimus, fententia •, atque hoc fumma eft eorum 
quae ad fcopum hunc neceflaria putavimus. 

Caput quintum, Defacultatibus animi ad unum 

finem dirigendis. • r r „. H'Nj'^N rvin inj rimo hSn^N ^Di^ 
Oportet hominem omnes animas fuas facultates c..^ .„ ^L....^.. .^ ..1 " .i_^.rl 



-|-n Dii'i ^s*^^{ -^-n au-i t<r\pn 
x-ini I'aDn'^Ni nnpnbiS* in noiE^"» 

Jisnn' HNj'Ni ^<o -rrp rnna ^id rh^ 

DQj^s* 'ip f)ni*n 'JD dcndSk SvqVk 

: rinnNi ri'Nj im 

KnbD HDSi np D"IJinD» iNDiN'^S 'JDi' 
SV37N'3 NJOnp NO ''^j; 'N^Sk 2Dn3 

h'KJi n*:*;; nn Spj'i Nin Sap nb» 




dat Deum Oinnip. Glor. quantum eum apprehen- HinDp'! nOIJI nriNDil naia^l nSDNi 

dere homini datur, fc. ut ipfum fciat, itaque ac- V'lj'^NI J^pO nODJ tTCJ HJIDDI nnOini 

tiones fuas omnes, motus, quietem & didk or- fim^trj KnnK.SK DSJ^N "IJTI J« HODJ 

dinare, ut ad hunc finem perducant, adeout non ^KOrONI a"lSj;SN ♦S finxnnS H^SkD 

fit in omnibus ipfius fadlis fruftraneum aliquod ; L^^^, ,^f^ n'pDjSNI rfrAy^H S^NVi)'?"* 

uUum nempe faftum quod ad hunc finem non L, dN'pSn Nln ^^^3 n\S^jSN nS^S 

tendat, e. gr. ut m cibo, potu, conjugio, fomno, .^ ^ . 1 .^^ .,^. r.tL • ' 

vigiHa moll, quiete, fanitatem corporis fui tan^ '^ V^' '^^ PP^ rnSb^ TJ'n TVp* 

turn feftetur, cujus deinde fcopus fit, ut fint ani- '^ THDI -hubH pNnty^NI DN^^dSn* 

ms inftrumenta fua fana & perfeda, quo fcien- 1^3 J^i^^iOH IVp' ^3 TDWN n»ND 



perfefta, quo 
tiarum ftudio incumbat donee ad finem iftum 
pertingat. Interim vero, juxta hanc regulam, 
non fedabitur voluptatem tantum, adeo ut in cibo 
& potu quod jucundifllmum eft eligat, ut nee 
in reliquo fui regimincf, verum illud quod utilif- 
fimum eft appetet, quod five contigerit fimul ju- 
cundum efle, five ingratum, perinde eft ; aut faltem illud quod jucundifllmum eft refpeftu quo- 
dam medico, appetet; ut fi cum langueat ipfi appetitus cibi, eum cibis defiderabilibus, jucundis, 
dulcibus excitet ; fimiliter ut fi ebullient in ipfo humor melancholicus, eum auditu cantus & di- 

verfis 
» Pf»l. 1. 23. 



DDHD ibaba nvp» in |ND.nnD pa* 
nnina^ Dpon jn Sna odSn ib:hii 

Mtf) IK -]Si3i n3'L3nDQSj? rrin^bN 



p R r A M S I Sr 



"^rha rioSKJoi iNDnS^ 'jndoSki 
DSiSx 13D3' Nsa .Kin imi rtJDnS}* 

riii' fi'o noDJ ni"S hSd *]^nn 
f]^i'ni -|nnn Nix "]SiDi qSj;> jx noDi 
nj;.2j '3 ^n;^^J jiD* Sno'^n ♦jnpx ♦a 

nqS;? p3» no n'7SK jo □':5?»i "^-n* 
:3dSn. n>'Nr/7 ns* DN'pbx kSin ;Spa 
'31 Swira^x 'D xij i'dd Sino 

TJ'n psn D'.71 nN-lNDir'7J< "l,D3i« (0 

-npj MHD py ri-iKJiVNi nDX'nS.x Sno 
Sn>'3n ^<J':lN:^aN "I'ym xj^vysK 
p'vVpn'^Ni S\^ir3SK in: rimo h'JNDJn 
£<j:n>"l) Sdj^i onpn nIn ^^DtySx |n> 

33D JNO NC3-1 npi '110 "lira im 
rnnxi rino yhrhh it^ flioii ninoS 
Spa N-in D'^^i no D'Knn^Ni Nnna 
in Ko:;si ind^k in ii»n p i>SD3KSK 
Styoj jNvn in li'n p jmdjn^n S;;a 
♦jsp:^ Spa pa' nojxi ion: ninoaa 
nS^VK "^nn' npi apa 3;a:N7N SiK:n nIn 
Ninipa3x!7K ii^ aona nnaxSN Saxn 
iNd:xSn ^vai' xiai wn'^x anna '^pa 
naj. »n« ■^Siai nxiD koo nSxpax 'a 
mirSK 'pNT ;n tj p 'nntyx 'no 
li'n |o nS SpaSx xin ^xa paiSxi 
pa' npi |SDiN in li'n p nS |Kvn in 
5^3731 NOD pai^^^K aona nSa nnonn 
fo nnoxSoi nooj nny nn'xj '7pj' pb 
Noa ifjS Sifxa j^-in p'Si -opa vn-ioxSk 
naxSx ."]Sn nnx rtrhii rth Nin nnx 
\h pnSai nxD^^N.ririV ix '7ax7N rth 
axivSx X0JN1 onSxpaN*? n»p'pn fi'XJ 
noDJ hnv nnsa-ivn p'oj h'N*: '^pj* |x 
'nn rioNSoSx 'Sp miji nponDKi 
xypx 'n 'nSx oa^Sx np nxSx 'pan 
p\vp pn noai f|n>nna hoSxD .n^'^i* 
-|S"iai ri'poi^xi ri'pSa^x VxiraSx .'a 
f]'-x];obxi DiSpSx to noSpn' xo^a 
^Sa ri'XiSx -jSn'? pnu Nn:o jxa xo 
-|Sn 'a rh nrxa xS xoi rra nxSa 
nSaxpoSxi.naiSx '^'xdo bno ri'xjSx 
nxnaxSxi S'nVxi nxamaoSx axnai 
n'nai bj^prij^Vx 7ji nan:nSx "^'xpo |o 
|n'i'7X THK^n na nvpSx jia'a ?rin Sno 
txnnabx pnua ripaxj^x riip^x hifxni 
rianpo roSo ixdjxS'? Synn 'nn 
lyi nS pa'a n-rj ;o 'ixnnaSx DX'pSx 
miji rip'pn uhy 'Sx na S':f'.pnD 
xn'^a iXDJxbx Snxpx "j^-iai hii^rs 
aVj' ^JO'a X7X oSan' jxnn' ^<> 
]y ri'ix pan* ix hi?aio na nDaj"? 



79 



verfis melodise generibus, five hortoram & se- 
dificiorum elegantium confpedu obleftando, for- 
mifque pulchris affidendo, aliifque ejufmodi re- 
bus, quibus deleftetur animus, & tollantur ex 
eo cogitationes quas fuggerit melancholia, in 
quibus omnibus erit illi fcopus, corpus fuum 
fanum confervare ; corpus autem ideo fanum 
confervare, ut fcientiam acquirere valeat. Eodem 
modo cum acquirendis opibus operam ac ftu- 
dium impendat, eum ad finem in iis congerendis 
coUimabit, ut in res praeftantes eafdem eroget, 
& ad corporis fui fuftentationem, ac confervatio- 
nem diuturniorem, paratas habeat, quo de Deo 
quicquid fciri poflit perceptum ac cognitum ha- 
beat. Acjuxta hanc regulam magnus erit artis 
medicse in virtutis ftudio, cognitione Dei, ve- 
raque felicitate aflequenda ufus, ftudiumque ejus 
e pra?cipuis cultus partibus, neque jam inftar 
texturee, aut architedlura? erit, cum ea aftiones 
noftras metiamur, ut fint humanae naturas [con- 
fentaneae,] & ad virtutes veras perducant. Si 
enim temere quis comedat cibum, palato dulcem, 
odoris boni, gratum, qui [interim] infalubris & 
noxius fit, adeo ut faspe morbi gravis, aut mortis 
fiibitaneas caufa fit ; hie fane beftiarum inftar cen- 
fendus eft : neque haec hominis, qua homo, aftio 
eft, fed qua s.mma.1 aj/imilatum hejiiis qua pereunt: 
verum tum demum aftio hominis propria erit, 
cum illud tantum quod faluberrimum eft fum- 
ferit, illo quod jucundiffimum relifto, adeo ut 
quod minus gratum eft comedat, dum quod uti- 
hus eft quasrat : atque haec eft adio ex confilii 
prsefcripto, quo folo in adtionibus fuis ab aliis 
[animalibus] diftinguitur homo. Eodem modo 
fi quis Venere utatur quotiefcunque ejus defi- 
derio tangatur, nulla damni aut commodi ratione 
habita, haec ejus aftio eft qua animal, non qua 
homo. Fieri autem poteft ut in fui regimine, il- 
lud quod maxime utile eft, uti diximus, fe(5te- 
tur, ita tamen ut fibi interim finem ftatuat folam 
corporis fanitatem, atque a morbis immunitatem. 
Sed neque hie interim virtute praeditus eft, quo- 
niam ficut hie bonas valetudinis, ita & alter cibi 
aut Veneris fuavitatem prastulit, quorum neu- 
trum verus eft aftionum finis. Refta ergo me- 
thodus haec eft, ut omnium operationum fua- 
rum finem ftatuat, corpus fuum fanum & inte- 
grum confervare, quo inftrumenta facultatum 
animae, quas funt corporis membra, integra ipfi 
permaneant, atque hoc pafto anima ipfius fine 
ullo impedimento in virtutibus moralibus & in- 
telleftualibus excercere fe poflit : fimiliter de om- 
nibus, quas addifcit, fcientiis & difciplinis, qui- 
bus ad iftum finem tenditur, nulla eft contro- 
verfia. Quod etiam ad eas in quibus nihil 
eft quod ad iftum finem conferat, e. g. Proble- 
mata Algebraica, librum fedionum Conicarum, 
[quaeftiones] Mechanicas, magnum problematum 
Geometricorum numerum, deque attradione pon- 
derum, cum aliis hujufmodi multis, vel horum 
etiam omnium fcopus eft intelledtum acuere, & 
facultatem rationalem in demonftrationis regulis 
exercere, ut inde accedat homini habitus fcien- 
tiae, quo argumentationes demonftrativas ab aliis 
dignofcat, quique fit illi via qua ad fcientiam 
veritatis exiftentix Dei excelfi pertingat : eodem- 
, I que 



So PORTA MOSIS. 

que modo quod ad omnes homlnis fermoncs, ^a ik q^P '5 IK nCDJ TV IK HDiJi 

non ahud loqu. decet, quam quo aut fibi utili- ^jj I^K^^q ^^ ^,,^3 niD '3 IK nS'i'n 

tatem aliquam afterat, aut malum abquod ab ani- «-, .-,„, ...L L "*- , ,„ ..• ' "'■»-» 

ma fua vel corpore repellat, aut quod adfcien- ,J^ .j' jTlL ^^ ^'^ ^^'^ ==" J^ 

tiam aliquam, vel virtutem aliquam, vel virtutis '^^ 1^, DiTlNnK fT^pni f*\yp:>K 

alicujus, aut viri virtute praeftantis, laudeni, vel '^i^. D»VJ7K nJJ? n/Ti-NpiK n3 nJ^K 

vitii aut vitioforum vituperium fpeftet. Sugilla- CD'"'^f*rs3K ^^pi^^♦ ,X^1 QnjO XlbVn' 

tio enim vitiis deditorum & viarum ipfonim vi- •"I'Tip »*Tn N''!'N n'^'ifS 'HI CiK':' "lyit) 

tuperatio, fi eo tendat ut cos apud homines in HS'^rOp") 'j1 Q»T/,0 "pK ntt>\2.3 'Swn 

contemptum adducat, quo ab ipfis caveant, ne- XO ^2") pOHoSK flVI") 'jl Jj;:^ r-){,{ 

que fafta ipforum imitentur, neceflaria eft, & ♦it j'KJU^K Dn JD Nnn27K ♦£) Kj 

virtus. An non vid j quid dixerit Deus, ' Inftar ^^^s^^^^ rnoi OmKHK fTDpni r'Np:^K 

C^«^.«, & Jtomodo defcribat 5.L... ? Quic- E? J^?..^^ ^Z*^^'^ '^'^^'"^ DHO'DI^n 

quid enim occurrit in Scriptura, [vel] ad ho- C^^ ^^^ ^^^)^ ''^*"'^2^' '^H -^ 

minum fceleratorum contumeliam & vituperium p-^^ ^JlKiD "|>K7"IK Hp^D XIDJnj'l 

ab ipfis fadorum, vel ad laudem ac commenda- '^^Vf ^ 0;rp7K t^Sin jO Hinj JNDJK'^K 

tionem bonorum fpeftans, illud ad eum quem f^TJ TJID H^KIpK jO j*py"1 nSN>*3K 70 

dixi finem tendit, wz. ut fequantur homines "]inri' D>':'"\ ^htii iir]n nOj/Jl' JO TK*? 

horum viam, illorum fugiant. Cumque hujuf- r\yyj ^D^h IX nrh7K3 TKD'n^K C^pi'S 

modi fcopum fibi propofuerit homo, multa ad- "ly, j},.^ rj^ j^t^j^ DhS'^K :nii '3 arri 

modum eorum qu^ fecere folet omittet, ver- j^,-,j« ^^j^,, ^^.^J, ^^ ^ 

baque fua dimmuet. Quifquis enim ad hunc L„-,^L 4i,sv..^ -i'U«« ...» ._! I 

fcopum tendit, non in iTlu^ incumbet ut pa- ^^^P "^^^ ^^V° P^ ''^" i^\^^0 

rietes auro ornet, aut vefti auream fimbriam af- '^W^ ~^^ '^'2 p^^V """^ Sl^j^'^N* 

fuat, nifieoforfitanfineutanimumfuumrecreet. If*" D^'^^H 'T'Opn? H^^'ip n'dOl HNa 

quo fanum eum confervet, aut ab ipfo segritu- DNTPK^ "I^ONi'^K ri^::n'l ^DH DDjSk 

dinem repellat, adeo ut terfus ac mundus fit ad HDD . hD^V'^K "IIOK'^N* '•] IDjSk »^_jr 

recipiendas fcientias, juxta illud ipforum dido- npK5r*?N* '^KJu^N'Sk "^lisOnD DDJ'^K K'i;» 

mm, Dmus pulchra, mulier pulchra, &' leSfus n'7Kinj;K7 ^^T? yy>rr\ pD*! "IpnO^ TTi 

mollis, difcipuUs Sapientum [conveniunt:] quia, ^jjj.;^^ ,-^^^ j^,^,j^ P2jL,j^ _j ' j^ ^C- 

fcil.mens contmua remm diffic.lmm contempla- ;ij,*typjVS -ttbj'7K bn^ DKin hnKT 'D 

tione obtunditur, atque hebefcit, non fecus ac „-..„', ^-,.. .^^ -.ITJ^L * ' "^ -^ 

delafTaUir corpus labores difficiles tolerando, do- ^^^^ ^^^^ ^" n^DnnDO^K IIPkSkI 

nee, poftquam confederit ac quieverit, ad tem- ^^^^'^ P^l ♦^y'^H O Xby K^D ':)'7dVn 

periem fuam redeat : Ita opus eft etiam ut re- [^"^ P^ ^^ •'IJI^N* NlH ♦':j; |K -jC'Va 

quiefcat animus & fenfibus recreandis operam n3")n 7K 'J^K n^y '^'K^'SK nSi *Tl"ltt^ 

det, pifturis puta, rebufque pulchris contem- '^KInSkI 'iK^oSK 'fl p'lKmSKl jypjSS 

plandis, quo tollaturab eo hebetudo, quemadmo- ♦n T\'2T\'^d^ii ITin ?K oSvKT DK^dSkI 

dum dixerunt, Ubi laffati fuerint Do£lores noftri NPOin* N01 fSi'>'\'^'\ {<"TJ n''7KV n3mO 

/«if«io, locuti funt verba hilaritatis, adeo ut ^'^^q j^^j i^^^bi; riiKH nVDI >Sn k':'K 

pene hac ex parte, non fint ifta m genere ma- t,,^.* wU L«», -».^ »v.»,v. ^.i. ' 

lorum, neque Tftionibus nihili accenfenda : fcil. 1^^^ r^^. ^^ '^°^^ 2^^^ ^^^^ 

ut quis ^dificiis, vafis, aut veftibus opere vane- '^°^^ 'P T^* J^* '^^i^ K'3iK^K |n HJK 

gato & piftura ornandis. operam det. Scias autem ^^pS nH^n n77K »Xnn'KJ 7j?j'l KH'^D 

hunc gradum altum admodum & arduum efle, ^"?'< "I'JV K?'' 1*33 J<7j;a '7j;a» kSi 

adeo ut ciim occurrerit quis qui ita fe habeat, *]S"I IK TJ^S'^K. "1*711 .K'^K rilOS'^D bf)7» 

non dicam eum effe infra prophetarum gradum, {s^O »7K IK n^'ifi hii '>'T\t'\ Tyhttim 

qui, fcil. omnes animas fuae facultates moderetur, ^■^f^ ^3 iq >yy^ -)3Q» •),-]«) ^i\^q 1^^ »-jy 

earumque finem Deum folum ftatuat, neque o- ijj H'Kj'^K "hrs hn HV Sh H'l riD-im 

pus aliquod five magnum five parvum pr^- ^^.^y^i^^^ ^.^ j^^.^, nb;?^, .;^,^ u, 

ftet, aut verbum proterat, aliter quam ut fatftum -,^-,„, -,i_,-, ,,s ^«,^-f.., ... L " "'^ 

illud aut verbum ad virtutem aliquam, aut ad j;^nfVn'7ip '5 mm JK 'V;;n KJO 

illud quod ad virtutem tendit, perducat,idemque P"^ "331 12D7 703 -j'H^K ' \ DK 

cogitetac deliberet in omni aftione & motu, ut \^ T^^ ^^^^ rOJ3 'J^* "jllKD '^DDI 

videat num ad iftum finem perducat necne, ac n"tnKl M'KJ XHJO f j ^73 ri'KJl "TJ/JM 

tum demum illud faciat. Atque hoc eft quod \T\ Ipl "|'n'7K . »'> IHK nDnK7 »m 

requirit a nobis Deus, ut ei ftudeamus, eo ipfius KiH ♦'TJ^ □K'^dSk U2TXh)J J>»3Jk'7J{ 

didto, " £/ amabis Bominum tuum toto corde tuo, ■^ inVT TDI"? *7DD 'i'Npl Ki'K V^jSk 

i^totdanimdtud, & toils viribusfms, I e. om- ^^^^ ,^^1^^ j^.^L,j^p, d'oDhS.^ KIH^n 

minum. Quinetiam ad hunc fcopum [appetendum] incitarunt propheta;. Ita dicit, " In omnibus 
"Oils tuis cognofce ipfum, i^c. Quod explicantes Sapientes dixerunt, Etiamft in re [cui ineft] tranf- 

greffio: 

J Ler. xviii. 3. ;; Deut. vi. 48. * Prov. iii. 6. 



PORTA M S t S. 



Bt 



finj |J? ^"U^n n'sD (ND (N1 priSx tnj ^rf^<? •• Nempe ut & iftlus aaionis firiem ad Ve- 
□♦QDn^N NiSoJK ip"! nxnjSK to ritatem dirigas, etiamfi fuerit in ea aliqua e5t 
PiSd ♦:i;o'7K N-in DN':'DS»n nnPJ? P^''*'^ tranfgreffio. Complexi funt autem Sapi^ 
^nD^inK1 tbsSVx p pD» ^JO m:i f '?'' .'l;?- ^^'"" fntentiam quam pauciffimis 
^,.. .►.^ v»-,* ii'-i»-.v»-, li">M»-.k» ,„,»,U^-, fieri poteft verbis -, totumintenm fenfum, quam 
-JJN W Xnj n^aNS HONHN 'Jro':'J*3 perfeftiffime exhibentes, adeo ut cum confidera- 
DK37N7K ipp nrKJI mnnyx NIN yeris quomodo verba Ifta tanta cum brevltate 
n'3D7N* 'Jy07X Nin \V ma;; f)»D fenfum iftum largum & amplum, totum ex- 
rTiJ nS*?!, np '"iSj^ nri70J3 O'by?^ hibeant, quem libri integri de eo compofiti non 
rUK noS); nayinon □'71 pINn abfolverunt, fclas [didbum] iftud abfque dubio^ 
□nSp im "YP ih^ ffna^a tii)p^ ^^p infpiratlone divina pro latum. Eft autem dic- 

i^ ' ~ _•- -- — - - .- turn iftud e prasceptis ab ipfis hoc in Traftatu 

traditis, fcil. Et omnia opera tua facias propter 
Deum. Eadem plane fententia quam hoc Capite 
explicavimus. Atque hasc eft fumma eorum 
quae vlfum eft nobis hie recenfere, pro harum 
pragfationum ratione. 

Caput fextum, De differentia inter virtute. 
pr aft ant em, i^ eum qui fe continet, [feuj Tem- 
perantem & Continentem.] 

Dicunt Philofophi, ilium qui fe continet, eti- 



Sdi s<nDDD7K n-in 'a .Dnx'^i'i >3 
♦jj;oV5< in Nim zd^du a^"? vn» ytya 
nip t>rin'i h-nsha Nnn ♦•] na^z 'ibK 

: nsonpo^N nnn aonn 

.cnoa^V coDNpiSn ^im-hii 

^Nj^tSK 'irr im n^ydia ^;?J3' njXi] ^'"'^ ^'^^^ aftiones prasftantes, ita tamen ipfum 

^hay'i nii']^ a-iXin Xnplirn'l "rrwiha ^^^^^^ ^?^^ "* interim defiderio feratur ad opera 

J«.«>«...« ^«»^ »,.U«.. -.«J>»i, M^ -,C.K* mala, eaque appetat, contendat licet cum cu- 

' 1 .,: ^ „ . _ ^. .. piditate lua, & contrana raciat uhs ad quas ip- 

nxnO "im nX-I'D^K ^ra^l noa: ^X^"n fum impetus fuusacdefideriumanimiqueafFedus 

n7j;anyDn» ina "^y^a^K KOX Nn*?yaa incitent, aded ut dum faciat bona iis faciendis 

7j;an nn{**m nmnty n»7>i nynjn no affligatur. Virtute autem imbutum in agendo 

t^npKWn J<nKiri' ini nxnoSx fedan illud ad quod incitetur, defiderio & af^ 

SifNaSj? i»^ n3DN7fl'7i< p PNOJND") feftu fuo, eaque quas faciat bona appetere, & 

ilDflj'? DDKifSK TO "^DDNl '^iffiK cupere. Communi autem Philofophorum con- 

nOfli'? DIlXVbN Dip' Tp N"l'7Np DHJsS ^^"^" ^^""^^ praeftans excellentior & perfedior 

IIOkSk ?0 n'MD 'a SiNsSN DNDO eft eo qui fe continet: Fieri tamen (inquiunt)po^ 

*>*•...» -.«>«U ii^«.-. u><*.>.M »»-.,v4 J-., teft ut qui le contmet virtute prasttantis multis 

^npV\ py^:b rpm nnmO |;p3X ,im ;„ ^ebusjocum occupet, cum tamen gradu ne- 

ceflario ipfi inferior fit, eo quod defiderio fera- 
tur ad malum faciendum, Quamvis enim illud 
non fecerit, defideriura tamen quo ad ipfum pro- 
pendet, prava eft in anima difpofitio. Habet 
autem Salomo quae hue fpedant, dum dicitj 
'' Anima perverfa deftder at malum. Deque gau- 
dio, quo afficitur virtute prasftans dum facit bona* 
& dolore, quem concipit qui non eft virtute 
imbutus, hoc protulit diftum, ^- Latitia eft jufto 
facere judicium, at contritio facientihus iniquita- 

...- ,.. _. _. ... ... _ .„ _ — fgffi_ Atque hoc quod maniftftum eft e verbis 

lo'^CDNI ^i:3N NnpNntrn ^VrO^J 'in» Legis d quod dixerunt Philofophi confonum eft. 
♦nn KHD-inD oS^n' N7"1 N^^?n^♦ iO '.17J< Quod fi inquiramus in verba Sapientum hue fpec- 
"^OiNI SiGN ptySt* (N3 NO f]'D [N NlbKp tantia, reperiemus ipfos [affirmare,] Ilium qui 
NHDnnD noSNm 'VJ^jro'^S rrrW (ND defiderio ad peccata fertur eaque appetit, prse- 
h^ NlSxpl nX'NOn nyi '3 N"1DN*J1 ^K;K ftantiorem ac perfeftiorem effe illo qui nullo 
♦53 NO IJOO h-n: m^ l-cano Snjn eorum defiderio tangitur,_ neque quod ea relin- 
DSNi^N 7JN tN NiSnP a^N nSn NIH ^"^''^ debeat dolore affie^ur, adeo ut dixermt, 
,.^^^ -,^Uv.», -,^^ Il«. ^«x» -,«s»L, quo q"'s praeftantior fit & perfedior, eo majori 
D3JfD no'7Nn mp '^i^ ^VJ noaj^ cupiditate ad illidta ferri, & majori dolore aLi 
p£Di?N1 N7JN ir\yi 01D7 N17Np1 HDlDJ qu6d ea vitare debeat : quam in fententiam at- 
(NDJN*7N p3» jN N1"10N QHiN *|*"/1 |0 tulerunt & apophthegmata quaedam, dicentes, 
»ry2133 'iN 71p* jN Ninji nD33 D!3N'y f^.icunque major eft foiio fuo, ejus etiam concupi- 
□*7 1^1 .rt^yyO^N Vr^ , 'nna^N t^V fcentia major eft. Neque hoc contenti addide- 

runt, mercedem ejus qui fe continet magnam 
efle juxta dolorem quo afficitur in fe continendo, 
dicentes, Secundum moleftiam, merces. Imo & 
hoc majus eft quod homini prsceperunt ut fe 
•w . -.. I.............. ^ ^- contineat, vetantes dicere, Ego natura mea haud- 

^"IV nn D'Oiynu; '2N1 ntl'^N nOl 'irSN q^^quam defiderio in ha^c tranfgrefllonem pro- 
pendeo, etiamfi ipfam non pronuntiaflet lex illicitam -, atque hoc eft quod dixerunt, Rabban 
Simeon fih Gamal : dicit, Ne diiat homo ncn eft mihi voluntas edere carnem cum la£le, von eft 

X voluntas 

y Prov. xxi. 10. * Ibid. ver. 15- 



p7 ri^Si* nh fN3 jNi nty^N ^^a 
■Tp7i dsjSn '3 ID riN'n m rp npitr 
rsn traj SNp Nin ^^no noViy Sxp 
7C3;3 ':'irNa':5N miD 'a . ^Np ;?n nniK 
7VNa3 D'S '•i'7K , a'7Nm nN-^oSN 
mtrj; pnv^ nnotr "^ip^N Nin arhy-ii:! 
nD Nina |iN ♦':>j;"ia*? nnnoi oac-'o 
^{07 paNio7N ^njT'N onS? jo Nna» 
DN7D p7 N:iin3 No'^a fiSDN'^aSN m^i 

♦T7N tN OnS NHiT iDJ^N Nin 'a D'03n*7N 



"ION cn^p in\ rij?nurSN Nnonnn 
♦N oiNnoN' t6 bn'^iDi p i^ypt:? p-i 
tp^"? "*P2N 'N 37n3 . -\{r3 hjnh '{reN 
N7N mnyn S^^ NinS '!:;eN 'N uqrtt^ 



82 



PORTA M S I S. 



%a 



nj<33 i♦^^*^^*7^e ,-inNto ana 



voluntas mihi induere vejiem heterogeneam, non 
{ft voluntas mihi rem habere cum Confanguincd ; 
veritm voluntas mihi efty at quidfaciam cim pater 
meus qui in coelis eft contra ftatuerit ? Jam, juxta 
fenfum apparentem verborum primo intuitu viden- 
tur duae ifts fententiae contrarias, at non ita fe res 
habet, verum utraque vera eft nulla inter eas 
penitus difcrepantia, idque quia ilia apud Phi- 

lofophos mala de quibus dixerunt quod qui ea , — . .., ,,.... ,.. .._.,.., 

non cupiat pracftantior fit cupiente, licet fe ab npnD7N1 ^J0'^7K "jSD br\t2 miG? i>n:j< 
illis contineat, iftiufmodi funt quae apud omnes »D}<» i^ )r^ Hnx'^NI pj'7N1 DVjSi^l 
homines in confeflb eft mala efle, qualia funt 
efFufio fanguinis, furtum, ira, metus, damnum 
inferre ei qui nullum fecerit malum, benefacienti 
malum rependere, conteniptus parentum, & his 
iimilia; atque hasc funt praecepta quas appel- 
lant Sapientes, quibus pax, Res qua ft non ejfent 

fcripta, oporteret fcribi; quaeque nominant qui- ^ -- , . , - - , • -. 

dam doftorum noftrorum recentiorum, qui Scho- 'inri TlSi* D3J7K |N Ity ^71 li'SSj; ?.< 
lafticorum morbo infedti funt, Praecepta intel- nVpKJ DflJ KniK npsnc^fll KH^!: N»53 
ligibUia ; nee dubium eft quiii anima qua; hu- nln JO TiWn Vh riSvNijS'N DDiSx iS". 
jufmodi rem aliquam appetat, & defiderio ejus yjo^lSiO oS^nn N"?! i^^'Jiii. i^V IW^X 
moveatur, anima fit defeftu laborans, & animam ^^^^ ,^i^^ ^^,^^^ ^^^ ^^.^ 
virtute imbutam nuUam prorlus hanim rerum „_, ' ___^,L «^.„vL.v. .v» -^.►«--,L^» 
appetituram, neque dolore afFeftum iri quod ab ^™^ c^^^ib DnNl^X tX OpDn'^K 
iis arceatur. Ilk vero de auibus dicunt Sani- ^JHItSk, M3 Cp^J* nXW ^)i^\i 



n^NHNI nXDN'7N3 pHO^N nWN'JSI 

piiNnoSN s:nd^j; v)^3 NniLtDO'i i^riDS 



iis arceatur. Ilia vero de quibus dicunt Sapi 
entes quod qui fe ab iis continet prasftantior fit, 
ejufque pnemium majus, prascepta funt ab au- 
dita pendentia, de quibus quod dicunt verum 
eft. Utpote quag nifi ob legem [intervenientem] 
nullo prorfus modo mala eflent habenda. Atque 
de hujufmodi [rebus] eft quod , dicunt Sapientes, 
oportere hominem ut permittat fibi ilia amare, nee 
aliud fibi quo ab illis cohibeatur ftatuat, praeter le- 
gem. Animadverte autem fapientiam eorum, qui- 
bus pax, & unde exemplum fumpferint : neque enim 
dicit, Ne dicasy Non eft voluntas mea occidere homi- 
nem, non eft voluntas mea furari, non eft voluntas 
mea mentiri, verum voluntas mea eft^ at quid 



T^iihii vhii nisi'7 nrtv Kim n^ycobH 
NinSi mjiSx p nji3 ins? njxo no 
HDOJ 'py ixdjnS{< :xnn» \^ Ni'7Np 

fl.K Jl-inS 'tyax 'K NIK ION' nS Sp» 

N^K aroS '2^£3N »K ni::*? 'u-'sn 'n c?a:n 

niON3 Kj NOJNT '-7D1 n2^;?N HQI 'ETSK 



D'pin 



Nl'^Np 



♦mpn rh^vi nh^od* 



faciam, &c. fed quae recenfuit omnia [e] prasceptis 0113 "imnS niSSH "|S TNI "h TlppnE^ 



funt quae ab auditu pendent ; [viz.] caro cum 

laSie, veftes heterogenea, ^ ftemina ob confangui- 

nitatem prohibits. Atque haec aliaque ejufmodi 

praecepta ea funt quae vocat Deus Chukkothai^ 

ftatuta mea, Decreta (inquiunt) quae decrevi tibi, 

nee licet tibi de iis fcrupulum movere, ciim 

gentes mundi contra ipfa objiciant, & Satan ac- 

cufet ea ; qualia funt Vacca rufa, & hircus 

«7ro7re/ji7rcu©', &c. Ea vero quas vocant pofte- 

riores Intelle£lualia, vocantur Mitzvoth, quemad- 

modum explicarunt Sapientes. Ex his ergo 

quas diximus omnibus patet quaenam fint tranf- 

grefliones illas quas qui non appetit prasftantior 

eft eo qui, cum eas appetit, fe ab iis continet, 

& in quibus fe res contra habeat. Hie autem , . 

articulus eft non vulgaris, & qui duas fententias '^' P N'3JN7N p |N '^^^^rpii 'S n:01 

miro modo inter fe conciliat •, exprefla autem HNT |DDnJQ1 nTliD 2Jn f]*?;! (0^n'?7N 

duarum fententiarum verba explicationis noftras 

veritatem oftendunt, atque hic abfolutum eft, 

iquod in hoc Capite propofitum fuit. 

Caput feptimum, De velo, ejufque Jjgniftcatione. 
Frequenter occurit in Midrajhoth, & Hagga- 

dotby nee non aliquando in Talmude, fuifle ex 

Prophetis quofdam qui Deum pone vela multa, 

& alios qui pone vela pauca viderent, juxta propinquitatis fuse ad Deum, & celfioris prophetise 

gradus rationem, adeo ut dixerint Mo/en Dodlorem noftrum vidifle Dominum pone velum uni- 

eum terfum, /. e, pellucidum, atque hoc eft quod dicunt, Fidit in fpeculari quod oculos illu- 
minate 
• Fel ligtndum eft noibyobfti* vel fr» noti 5 corpore, reddendum fafti ex corpore. 



lDc;ni p'^^iT i^'ii'o obiyn nt^'JN'j 
"i';;e.'"i hohk ma pjis \7hs nopo 

»7r mivo 'ODnn rh^-^ ]nDsno7N 

i^'pi \p \'1T\ ipa P'ODH'^K Ni:0 NO 
N*? ♦•t?N \0\ '1>'NJ?0'7N 'N HNjSp NO 

NnpKnty* 'ISn jo ^vsn NnpNniy» 

NH'S -I0N7N \yy NiTNl Nnjy nD33 DDVn 

2'Ar p'Sir.i rinnj fina) nnm dd];^nd 
rinv hv Si» il^p)^ pi ^'Sip^N p 
: 7y37N Nnn nJ Sod npi nNrn no 

: NHNiyol DJhSn '3 ;^DNd'?N Si'Q^N 

nnjn^Ni nity-no7j< *a niv no n^na 



p DHiip Tip »'?); n'7'Sp 2jn t^Si) jo 

pNjn f]^j) ,p n77N 'Ni un-j n&'o in 
7DnDn cDnStp im t\^tm 'J);n SpD-inNi 
?<nSp3Di auT m'Non NnSpaoa 
tlNSe^ODi p *nSio;7oSNrjN"io';N odn 



PORTA M S i S. 



"I*? ^ipN NO 'Ji^oSn ^jnn:i n:;p7Ni 

3m nnp^Ni 3i:j7N» iinSxi naD'^Ni 
^s^j nn'n3 'm xnnnc^N Nai "^ko^n* 
'3 t^^nnaipo .^a x^^\!<\hii Niioi ipi 
Nnnbpj3 >Ni-iSN nnm );3^n'7^J >j;3Sn 



83 



»«/««/. Speculare autem nomen eft fpeculi noti 
e corpore aliquo pellucido, veluti chryftallo, 
aut vitro, ut ad finem Trad. Celim declarabi- 
mus. Hujus autem fententias fcopus is eft quern 
tibi didurus fum, fcil. cum jam declaraveri- 
mus Capite fecundo, virtutum quafdam efle in- 
telleduales, quafdam morales, & fimiliter vitio- 
rum quasdam intelleftualia (qualia funt ftultitia 
& hebetudo, & tarditas intelledus) quaedam mo- 
ralia, fut Intemperantia, Superbia, Iracundia, Ira, 
Impudentia, amor divitiarum, & his fimilia, 
quorum magnus eft numerus, de quibus dignof- 
[KDJnSk {O hVvKa'?^ 'nNDNJnSx »n ^^"'^js regulam pofuimus Cap. quarto) vitia hsec 
"iSi (♦DO OJ^N ban >^yn nSSx ?>D1 °"^"'* '^^'^ ^^^ ^^^ hommem a Deo feparant. 
CD20 D'bnnO Vn DD^m^iy ok O ^'f ^'7^^}^ ifta explicans, ^Jerum iniquitates 
-«:,_ ,-,, ^»,-,,.-, .v» L,,-,, «-vl,L.» „^L 'vejir^ fepararmi inter vos & Deum veftrum. 
^^'2JtSr i: .^- s^ ^P ^'^'^^ ""ftra (qu^ funt mala ifta qu^ dixi- 
n7-^ND^K Djn^N 'H KJ"131 N03 'rrs^hn mus) velum efli dicit quod nos a Deo feparet. 

!?i il •** ° ^'''*"' '^^^r "^'^"' ^^-^^'^ ^"^^ ^"^^"^ """"*" unquam Prophetarum pro- 

n? '77Vnn JN* n;;^ N7k^ NDJn» K*? phetafle, nifi poftquam apud ipfum eflent omnes 

bwifaVx ")nD»S1 Nn'?^ np'OiSx S'NVa'??* virtutes intelleduales, necnon moralium pla;rae- 

nN"l2Jn i'X Dnblp im ^^^•^jl"IN•| n'pSD'7J< q"^» ^ folidiffimas : atque hoc eft quod dicunt, 

DDn f^ON I'e^yi niDJl DDR '?]; K7K rrnc^ •^''" quiefdt prophetia nifi fuper Sapientem, For^ 

^'Zy. -\V ihl rfpohii '^'Nlfa'^.y PV' ina ^^'''' ^ ^i'-^item. [Nomen] Chacam autem [i. 

-l-CL ,_, -„,.„' .«.,-.t,v» .*««. «L.«L ^eetuaies, Aptr vero [dives] eft e virtutibus 
□n^p in: TC.^ ;?1ip^N' pOD' OUN'? moralibus, fcil. virtus animi contenti; nam eum 
nOCTTTC'P .^in ns ^a I'tyr^Knn '3 qui [forte fua] contentus eft vocant divitem, 
INOr'^K rnm XOn j;jp' n^ft^OirnpSnn hoc eft quod dicunt divitem defcribentes, ^is 

ift dives? Ilk qui forte fua gaudet : i. qui con- 
tentus eft eo quod ipfi praefens exhibuerit tem« 
pus, neque dolet ob ea quae non exhibuerit. 
Similiter Gihbor [fortis] eft & hoc e virtutibus 
Moralibus, fcil. ut animi fui potentias juxta rec- 
tam rationem moderetur, uti Cap. quinto expli- 
catum : atque hoc eft quod dicunt, ^is efi for- 
tis? ^i fubjugat concupifcentiam fuam : non eft 
autem e conditionibus prophetas- [neceflariis] ut 
in ipfo infint omnes virtutes morales, adeo ut 

._ . ... , .., „ nullus fit omnino in ipfo a vitio aliquo defedus. 

"]Tn |X'33 m2;Sx ♦m r\'''^'2 nS'in ^^^^ ^"™ Salomo Propheta, teftante fcriptura, 
^{<J?3K 10 J>?in"l J>*D3Sn "('liDn '3 ^^ GHeon apparuit Dominus Salomoni, i^c. in 
n7N ^ i<hr^ rno Sxpl mah^ riX'n 3"° ^^™^" reperimus vitium aliquod Morale, fcil. 
-,,L,^ ^^^ iVlDI 'id "1072^ sitan '"^^™P^'^"t'^'" manifeftam, idque dum multas 
\~,xJL^ -«.. -,i^,U i-,w« vl.-., — .^.uZUc ^^'^^ afTumeret uxores, quod ex aftionibus eft ab 
^me^ T^i ->DT;? "^Np N'3J DN'^DbK intemperantia afredu [procedentibus :] quod ad 
NnsnV tN3 \)^'\p\^Up NT nxnjll S\ explicandum dicit, Annon inifiispeccavit Sale 
D'm |ND"I nN3D'7K "y^p '31 Dnj^K '3 mo ? ^c. eodem modo & David, cui pax, 
nb'?N |K arO'H nan '3 jO pV '^Nnsy*'? propheta fuit, dicit enim. Me allocutus eft [qui] 



niDj 

}S03 



"ITiDi mjv d'? kod oSkh 
ftpSj^K S'NirsSN |0 Nr« M 
^KiSic 2Dnn nNip -i2t n^x 
im D0Njf7N "r^^fsSN '3 XiO 

|iDn . (N OJ-JK Di-iiy jo _ . . . „ 
isnn^pj3 rtp7J)'?K Snv3Vk miv 
tN^ NTiK wni nnifp:n kS Tin 
jiynn dkhd'^k ritxHtrn oi no'?;:; 

n> Ni-IJTI 'id no^2^ •-?{< ''♦ HKIJ 



'f« onVip 

D'71 IT;;' 



rnn^S cnpon no in'^dS n'^nN* o*? 
no nj3n nnx kV rh Sxpi '^np no 

NnjTl nDSiy DO-l Q'OT o 'otyS 

iniT jND Dn'y^T -in3?Sn '3 ns-iy 
n)^3n n^Sx .jx D'osn'^K ni;o i p7 

CDnDSn» n:}< -ji:;? no mp »ijp p 



rapa Ifraelis, ^c. quem interim crudelitatis reum 

invenimus, quam licet in gentes, & perdendis 

infidelibus exercuerit, ac mifericors fuerit erga 

Ifraelem, patet tamen e libris Chronic. Deum 

haud idoneum ipfum judicafle qui templum ftrue- 

ret ob multas quas patravit caSdes, ipsique dixifle, 

Non extrues tu domum nomini meo, quoniam fan- 

guinem multum fudifti . Invenimus etiam in Elia, 

- . — - , -^ -•- Y -K 1— p. m. efFedum Iracundiae; etiamfi illam in in- 

2p:i;n blNty ]0 );?3 HK\n^ NHJI 'yf\y\ fideles exercuerit, in eos ira commotus, declara- 

pN^^iJ^Sx Tf\T\-^ yiiy hNpS^So 1^ pi runt tamen Sapientes ideo ipfum fuftulifle Do- 

I i_.. . ( ( minum, ac dixifle, Haudquaquam expedit homi- 

nibus cui quantum in te zeli fuerit; perderet 
enim illos. Similiter & Samuelem a Saule me- 
tuifle, & timuiflfe Jacobum occurrere Efauo: hi 
autem & ejufmodi mores Velum funt Propheta- 
rum, q. p. adeo ut fi quifpiam horum afFedluum qui modum excedant, (uti Capite quarto expli- 
cavimus) duobus aut tribus obnoxius fuerit, de illo affirmetur, ipfum pone duo aut tria Vela 
I [Deum] 

» Ifa. lix. a. 



TJ nn'7n in .vpSb cnio rb ^nd ;o3 

j;3N-iSn S-i3VK.'3 NiO N03 hODIHO 

|OKJn f]Sj) p Tb'iii n» nix no Sp 



\ 



§4 PORTA MOSIS. 

[Deum] vidifle. Neque negari poteft quorun- fj^a jxypj p^ -IDJnDM nSi rirtbrt IX 

dam morum defeaum gradum prophetix dimi ^^^^^ j^^ybn r^im':^ Tip' DnSdaVn 

nuere, cum invenerimus quaedam vitia moialia ^^q, ftpSjSV.V S'NT^Sx W3 Nnjl 

ipfam penitus tollere velut. Imcund.am Di- j^^u, jL,^^ ^ ^^ i^ 

Htur ^ipfoprapbeiia ipfitis :JoA confirmarunt /p''nD0inN13J J^in N'2J □.«< Di;Dn b 

exempio Elijh^, qui cum irl excandefceret vifio- P"'^ '■'^''* . rt^^.VD NMnnONI Ijpo 

ne prophetica privatus eft, donee eandem depo- '"^^Ip ^."n njlH 7Nr»>e »nn JIH N,27 'm^K 

fuiffet : hoc eft, quod ipfe dixit. Nunc autem DN::nJN7N') DH'??*?") 'iDI pJO 'S ^np np,};} 

fumite tnihi jidicinem, i^c. nee non anxietatem & i^ n^m ON'N ^\XO 'J'^K Dpj;» \iij 

triftitiam. Quamdiu enim mcerore afFeftus eft )!nDr\ TXTS T^y^ ny^VTSii tlDV nj3}^ 

Jacobus pater nofter ob Jofephum filium fuum, ^pp, pin 'nm Sxp ."iriN'nn ^'0'2 'AT 

fublatus eft ab eo Spiritus Sanftus, donee laitum i^^jmL^ 01J"in^>} '^Nm OTlv 

vitae ejus nuntium ipfi afFerretur. ^ Et vixit Cm- ^^,,,, ^,,hm -.m..^ ..* 4i4s^*>dv. .-...J. JL 

quit) Spiritus Jaccli patris ipfcrum : ubi dicit ™U1 1: f^^f .? ??.' ^ ^^^^^^^ 

targum i^uod explicat fententSs a Mofe per tra- O'DSH^N pi tniDK 3pr ':';; HNIDJ niT 

ditionem acceptas) £/ refedit fpiritus prophetic D'D^iy ^IflO K7 miiy HNIDjn |»K 

/a/>*r Jacohum patrem ipforum. Diftum etiam *13"T "jino ^:7^? niDXi; "}in.2 i<b\ 

eft Sapientum, iVbw /{'fl^/Va/ propbetia vel cum HiN IJOI TWf^ D7j; XpSO HnDgf 

pigritia, vel cum triftitia^ fed cum re gaudii njNl np"lin ^^^*?^{ 3NJn hS pa» D^ 

[caufa.] Cum autem noflet Mofes Dodlor nofter, n^pSj^N ^'J^KQVk n'S n'7DD T5 

non fuperefle fibi velum quod non dirumpere- '^^^ KH^S n^pDiSx ^^NVi^^NI MhSd 

tur, & perfecaas in fe effe omnes virtutes tarn ^ ^^,j,' ' ,C, L,^^ 

morales quam intelle6haales, petut ut Deum le- ^_^. ^„ ../I ' U*^ ' • 'V 

cundumveritatemefTenti^fu^, cum nullum jam I?« /^ .rT,,>T^ ^^'l^ P=' °^ 

fupereffet impedimentum, apprehenderet, dicens, T"^ l^^' N7 HiN '>;rn no'7j;Ki] -j-n^a 

' 0/fWflj OT/fo; quafo, gloriam tuam ; Docuit H^H {0 0;r{< UnNO? TIJIO '^p;? njIDa 

autem ipfum Dominus, fieri hoc non pofle, DTXH 'JNT N*? O H'^lp im {NDJK in 

cum elTet ipfe intelleftus in materia exiftens, i. p77N ']N"I'^^* j'lJI nj':3 p;3> oVfl TH 

in quantum homo effet ; atque hoc eft quod ^yfrQ -ynKI IDNJH TJ mijl np'pn '"'tj; 

dicit, ^/« fton videbit me homo fcf vivet. Non p-jj^jjo -^♦j'^j} 'iKDiNVK hphlii im 

reftabat ergo inter ipfum & apprehenfionem Dei ^ ^^ l^^ ^^ ,u, ^^j^J,j^ 

fecundum ventatem effentias luae aliud quam ve- ;„^ „„„ -.a^v* -,!,v.^^» ^...^ -^.-.J^.i- . 

lum unicum pellucidum, quod erat intelledus £^,L^°^^^^?,l,r^?^^15J^ 1^™*?** 

humanus, nondum feparatus -, gratiam tamen illi ^.^^^^ \^ ^^^^^ . ^^^^ ^^\> mjj? 

faciens Deus, indulfit illi poft petitionem iftam Hp'pn J^ »:D1 DDJ IT IHl H*? pan K^ 

clariorem fui apprehenfionem quam illi antequam fN*DJK7>« |N7 O'ja n'jna "i^mN?}* 

petiiffet fuerat ; docens interim ilium, ad fiam- ''3 Th n?!?!! IpS HDrtKy ilj") 'Kl jnX 

mum gradum ab ipfo perveniri non pofie quam- KON TWy i?0 Kn3 0'?nD' N**? nili' ilDSi 

diu corpore indutus maneret. Veram autem ap- '^r\'2 TWty jNO tNT mUtO 'NT >«{iJ( 

prehenfionem, vifionem faciei, appellavit. Cum ^^jyy Tpi n»Sv SDw" ID JdSi n'1"I^X 

enim viderit quis faciem amici Ail, imprimetur ,L,y ,t,^^ ,-,3^^^^,^ iSiD ,TO v'o H^ 

ipfi m ammo forma qua cum alio non conrunde- ,^ »-,»« ii-,., .m, u.I-,, .v» »-, JL._-.L.. 

L. Quod fi ipfum » f^rcrn virlf-riK llref illnm '^ n^Jn n^^ P ^^TH' ,K IH 7p'\>T\bii 
[ope] iftius vifionis ; 
'femen fine omni dubio, 

<um aliis adhuc confiindatur : ita apprehenfio HOfiJ 'S *IJ' ^?Q7 pN^.D pono mijl 

Dei fecundum veritatem eft ut concipiatur de pO* D7D nKIIJIoSN *1'ND ^^i"l JO 

veritate eflentiae ejus in animo aliquid quod non "jN^"IN'7}< p "npSx N"in |NDJnSn "IK"nk>« 

fit rei cuipiam alii cum ipfo, [refpedu] iftius ^■fyp jf^n \n "l-nK ONSDS^? -tW HJi? 

eflentiaj, commune, adeo ut inveniat in animo »-i^piN nN n'N"!! niV »*D »T?K m 

fuo effentiam iftam firmam, diftindam ab eo ^^^^ ,^ ^^^^^ ^ ', 

quod m ammo fuo de eflentia rerum aliarum ^-„u„ — ,,^1«L.» .«„L.. .» lJ^ l 

?onceperit. Non eft autem poffibile ut eo per- P^l C'^Sn'^K ^12^^ ^?DbD nUJ^K 

tingat apprehenfio humana. M?/^ vero appre- 7'NT>^K P (TIJ^X pH JN ^vbobii 

hendit quod parum admodum infra hoc efletj P^HD WN 'H r1p7D7N1 npD:7}< ♦:;?»>{ 

illud nempe quod defcribit dicens, Videbis pofte- '^ifKann NHDl H'^'^K pi |KDJN^K p 

r/or« »if«. Pleniiis autem de hac re adturi fu- N03 ^TVi'^l '<^ NlV^p N'^jnSk nNJm 

mus in Libro de Prophetia. Cum ergo fcirent DnKI OnpN':'jlf?1 DHOb^^ p NnHNS^ 

Sapientes, quibus pax, has duas vitiorum fpe- f*Si iJOi nc?OD HiOC^ ^T\'hV XT^CU^ 

cies, fcil. Intelleftualium & moralium, ea eflfe Qflj}^.i^ .^^.^^^ ,^^^ ^^ ^^.^ 

quae veii vicem inter hommem & Deum pra:- L ^ ^-,..-., .,., ^L -, ' ■L-,,-,-,.., 

Sent, earumque refpedtu Prophetarum alii aliis '7;?n H^O DHIID* JN N^ HD OmniCf 
gradu fuperiores eflent, dixerunt de quibufdam ipforum, ob illud quod de fcientia & moribus 
ipforum peffpedtum habuerunt, D/^«oJ /«f^ ipfosfuper quos refjderet majeftas divina, o'que ac fiipcr 
Alqfen Dotlorem nojtrum. Non autem te fugiat fignificatio comparationis : compararuiit eiiim ip- 

* Gen. xlv. 27. f Ejtod. xxxiii. 18. 



PORTA M S I S, 



H 



♦:;?n-x in Nim t^iiDT 'i^x nin'^N* ♦bjr 

riv'pj x-i ^^^"| riS'VQ N-i 3;3'o'7^^D n-ij:K 
y^io'rfo |np:kSk noD' ]n po» nS nod 
pSi n'S.::i^Sx y'N:vS« p ni^xr*' nt 

SnDK nSn '7KyDx IiDp ]k:j nT-in ^^< 
JN n^.i S^ntD Mm^j hav^i^ I^ ^^V 

|N3 nxDiDnSs h^\> '3K:f n|N,o-T -imj 
'jnj^oVn onQi ban'-K n»7j; Sno* Knn 
h3i3-iS>? -I'hD 'OJiVa pK^ p "inDN 
-ttddoVn 1^1 ^-in |N p^ JNanVf* 'a 
a^rri pt riVifO'TN rnn in; niNfas 
'p3' ina riip mio "iNiin ts'?*! t^sSvK 

riDionSK -ytdia. i^Dio?^ b'^j'^K Kin 
^hy^ nDi no;;! p'^ nnsn dtj;' ins 
nnSp jNro I'iRy .ps' n:T3 iniSx Kin 
yKj^r p3'D mS'^p 'jDr ^ioo "irk 
D^y |K3 fii'KJiy'^K inj -rynDO '2i?k 
nDKi riSinon :?Kity "iKi- .rir^J'^^K 
ina 'jny koo 'ti:3k m^^ jkto 
cdS)? ?k3 j^ra'^Ki pJ'^K inj n;?nDO 
;ki riVinon nn n^3p nmyi ^yi 
;?%vir n'V' Ko 1325 nj;KJty'7K i:fp 
xo:ki na K^ m;? kIk n^v' ruDV 
riKiKnnSs i^n ibn xVS t<in -|V njo 

□■)J:bK DK2nK DKHVK KHD I^D* ♦flSK 

f kx'kSk "i'Skio |k p2:;i' n^n rVppn 
fir^K iKi riS^T-i 'in ik riS^ira nn on^in 
KOK rnnif SkvokSk "^n "h)} ni3JD 
p n'Sp i^Qio naK jk Q'7;;Ka nJK 
jjn . nnny ko3 my riSD'^si KJnyniy 

>itnSD IKDiK^K SKi73K IK pH^K 

kSi t<n»D r\by n3j k*? npK nDn2;o 
inj nSro' nji3 jnKi p rr> hn;^ 
nK"i;?nDK pD' IK kSk rtV'T-J IK nS'iffl 
Sno' pD^a KJ'a ko 'Sj; opa min 
yjDO' "IK ai' |K KOK nDj;' ik -idk na 
IkdjkSk ikd iSi mjiSK p mia MVa 
Tic'Sk -iskSk '^ca'? nSsyaK h:; maio 
-IK vno Sdk3 nSa .*i^/"i iKai ♦hj'^ki 
•^a* . t>to'a iKDiKS"? iK'niK K7 
t2hy:hn ik'7DD d?^' ^kd ']Ttai 
ri'Jno^K j^'Kr^'^K oSpni anKn'?,Ki 
HK liay -^Si roj lia' \^^ i<rh^ 
';?Kna rTninif nS .na t^*? Ikdjk'^ki 
"jSn n\ 10 anio 'Sir.inKa p.nij^T 
^p1 nbya^ |K ':K7aSK Sva*7K p 
pSa*?}* p*i noS;?' .jk 'jK^aW D7J^7K 
KriSK pa* iKai rb Svn» iK 'JK^aSx 
f<j:!: kS ma nij ^hk aKpj;*7K"i 
jk"? KiS hSSk pj xSi vyaV f<jvj;a 
j^-iK piKiS SnKp'^K \\^w i<r\r\ 
^n^' jK ninpa .niaio ^n^ |Ka 



fos cum illo j non tamen ita ut sequales eos illi 
ftatuerent. (Abfit.) Similiter dixerunt de aliis, 
ut, ^que ac fuper Jofuam, eo quo diximus mo- 
do. Atque hoc eft quod in hoc Capite expli- 
candum propofuimus. 

Caput odavum. De indole human a. 
Fieri non poteft ut producatur homo ab ortu 
fuo natura vel virtute vel vitio praeditus ; uti 
neque poflibile eft ut producatur natura artis 
alicujus prafticae peritus ; hoc autem fieri po- 
teft, ut producatur aptus natus five ad virtutem 
aliquam five vitium, adeo ut aftiones ad ea fpec- 
tantes faciliores ipfi fint quam quK ad alia. Ex- 
empli gratia, fi fuerit quis temperamenti ad fic- 
citatem vergentis, cui fubftantia cerebri fit defe- 
cata non adeo humida, huic facilius erit res me- 
moria tenere, & earum fenfijs percipere, quara 
phlegmatico cuipiam cui cerebrum eft valde hu- 
midum : quod fi relidus fuerit ille temperamento 
fiio ad virtutem iftam difpofitusabfque ulla omnino 
difciplina, neque excitetur ilia [qua praeditus eft] 
facultas, manfurus eft fine dubio ftultus ; eo- 
demque modo, fi inftitutus fuerit, & ad intelli- 
gendum eruditus, alter ifte natura hebetior hu* 
miditate abundans, difcet ille, & intelliget, quam- 
vis non fine difficultate & labore : eodem prorfus 
modo, fi cui fuerit temperamentum cordis asquo 
aliquantum calidius, erit ille fortis, hoc eft, ad 
fortitudinem difpofitus, adeo ut, fi fortitudi- 
nem edoftus fuerit, facile fortis evadet. Alius 
autem, cui temperamentum cordis jufto frigi- 
diuS) difpofitus erit ad timiditatem, & metum, 
eaque fi didicerit iifque afluefadus fuerit facile 
imbibet. Quod fi ad fortitudinem inftitutus fue- 
rit, non fine difficultate aliqua fortis evadet, loncro 
tamen ufu proculdubio & talis evafurus eft. Hoc 
autem ideo tibi declaravi, ne futilia ifta, quas falfo 
comminifcuntur Aftrologi, pro veris habeas, ciim 
a nativitatibus fuis homines virtute aut vitio 
praeditos conftitui aflerant, eofque ad aftiones iftas 
neceflario & vi adigi. Verum fcias rem in quam 
confentiunt & Lex noftra, & Gr^corum Philofo- 
phia, verifque probationibus confirmatam, efle, 
hominis adiones omnes in ipfius poteftatem tra- 
ditas efle, fine ulla omnino ad eas coaftione, ne- 
que efle exterius aliquod impellens, quod ipfum 
ad virtutem aut vitium infleftat, praster unam 
temperaturae difpofitionem, (ficut oftenfum eft) 
qua fit ut res illi facilior fit aut diflicilior : verum 
ut neceflaria illi fiat, aut impoflibilis, hoc nullo 
pafto [concedendum.] Quod fi homo aftiones 
fuas coaftus ederet, ceflarent jam prascepta & 
prohibitiones legales : eflentque ea omnia penitiis 
fruftranea, cum nulla fupereflet homini in eo 
quod agit eleftio. Inde etiam fequeretur fruftra 
efle eruditioni & inftitutioni operam dare, artefve 
ullas prafticas addifcere : quafi haec omnia nullius 
efl*ent ufus, cum fieri non pofllt, quin homo ob 
illud quod exterius ipfum incitat, juxta fenten- 
tiam eorum qui ita putant, iftiufmodi adionem 
praeftet, aut iftiufmodi fcientiam addifcat, aut 
iftiufmodi moribus imbuatur. Eandemque ob 
rationem nihil aliud eflent prasmium & poena, 
quam injuria manifefta, five a noftrum aliis ad 
alios, five a Deo ad nos [provenirent.] Ciim e- 
nim Simeon qui Rubenem occiderit, vi coaftus & 
adaftus fuerit, hie ut occidat, ifte ut occidatur. 



quar 



&. 



86 



PORTA M S I S. 



quare putiietur Simeon ? & quomodo Deo, qui 
juftiis & redus tft, conveniet de ipfo poenas fu- 
mere ob rem fibi faftu nccefliiriam, quamque 
non potuit non facere, etiamfi ftuduiflet ne face- 
ret ? Quin & fruftranea penitus reddentur quae ab 
hominibus parantur omioia, dum domos extru- 
unt, viduni paraiit, cum pcriculi metus fit fugi- 
unt, &c. quonlam quod decretum eft ut fif, fieri 
non poteft quin fit. Hoc autem totum impofli- 
bile & abfolute falfiam eft, quodque & intellcAui 
& feiifui contradicit, legifque maceriam diruir, & 
in Deo injuftitiam ftatuit, a qua ille quam lon- 
gifllme abeft. Veritas autem, de qua nullum eft 
dubium, eft, adiones hominis omnes penes ip- 
fum efle, adeo ut fi velit faciat, fi velit omittat, 
fine coaftione aut vi, qua ad illud adigatur, ideoque 
expedire, ut ei praecepta imponantur ; dicit [er- 
go,] *' Ecce pofui coram te hodie vitam fsf bonum, 
mortem & malum., ut eligas vitam, nobis in hoc 
ip{b eledtionem permittens ; poenamque impofiait 
ei qui contra fecerit, praemium ei qui obedierit. 
Si aufcultaveritis (inquit) &, ft non auf cult aver i- 
tis : injunxit etiam tum docere turn difcere, 
« Et docebitis ea etiam liberos vejiros, &c. &, Dif- 
cetis ea, i^ obfervabitis facere : cum casteris om- 
nibus quae jubent praecepta, & docere, & iis af- 
fiiefacere. Quin & apparatus omnes, qui cautelag 
gratia fiunt, injunxit, uti in libro veridico diferte 
dixit. ' Et fades loricam ; ne decidat quis : &, 
'Ne forte moriatur in pr alio: ^ in quo cubabit: 
non accipiet pignora, metam 6? catillam ' per- 
quam multa autem reperiuntur in Lege, & in 
libris Prophetarum hue fpeftantia, fcil. ad majo- 
ris cautelae gratia apparatus faciendos. Quod au- 
tem ad fententiam illam quas apud Sapientes ha- 
betur, didum, fcil. ipforum. Omnia funt in manu 
Dei excepto timore Dei: eft ilia certe vera, & 
eodem tendit quo ea quae diximus, nifi quod 
jnultum in ea [interpretenda,] errent homines, 
exiftimantes [hominem] ad quaedam e fadis fuis 
quas fub eledione cadunt, vi adigi, v. g. ut hanc 
talem in uxorem ducat, aut fint has opes in manu 
ipfius ; quod minime verum eft, nam fi mulie- 
rem iftam libello contradus & fponfalibus ac- 
ceperit, eft ea ipfi licita, eamque duxit ad cref- 
cendum i£ multiplicandum, quod eft praeceptum. 
Deus autem non decrevit ut faciat quis prscep- 
tum : quod fi fequius fadum fuerit aliquid in ea 
ducenda, eft illud tranfgrefiio. Deus autem non 
decrevit ut fiat tranfgrefiio ; fimiliter, qui rapina 
aut furto opes alterius abftulerit, aut eas fraude 
detentas abneget, & falfo illi ob eas juret, fi dixe- 
rimus decreviiile Deum de ifto ut in manus ipfius 
pervenirent opes iftae, aut e manu alterius iftius 
claberentur, jam tranfgreflionem decreto ftabilie- 
rit : at non ita fe res habet, verum in omnibus 
hominis adionibus quas fub eledione cadunt, eft 
line dubio Obedientia & Tranfgrefiio. Jam enim 
explicavimus, c. 2. prascepta & interdida legalia 
efle de fadis in quibus homini eft eledio ut faciat 
ea vel non faciat. Atque in ifla parte animse eft 
Timor Domini, nee eit in manu Dei, fed per- 
mifla libero hominis arbitrio, uti explicatum. Eo 
ergo quod dicunt Haccol, Omnia, volunt res na- 
turales in quibus non eft homini liberum arbitri- 



t<'? \ii otn iSi nSra \d rh 13 nS 

a-in7Ni rwpba pnpH^ nvaSi^ jnos 
[N mp nba ]i6 -pi -rjii ^idSk i:y 
buna ph:i Nnn\ ruo p -13 ah pD» 

XCJN1 -pA i;^ 'hii);r\ -wha^ »SNj;n 

t|'SDnbj« or^ -jb-i^a -pi •>bv rh -r^p 
na Dvn y:sh ^nn^ n.sT hnp^ 
riNi nion nxi sidh nn) o'nn 

f]bNi) p"? 3Npi'^N ah) ^h) ♦£) Nj^ 

N7 QNT i:;oe?n OK yND joS Nfj^NI 

Dmo7i 'ji uy:^ hk on-.N amo'71 

DPI j;>Kn{i,''7Nn Tiynbsi D'S;?n'?{< ♦& 
K03 arhp naiii'-^:; nDnha Ni»N* 
nn'zy) SiSpi prba rixnD 'd p 
p iJOD SD"i:n S^D' 'D 'ji npi?o 
7i3n' K7 33tt?» noD 'ji nonVoa mo» 

pjSt^ Kin }o n'"in:S« dhd'^k '31 
miii27K P7K KDK nNn^'nosSK 'jj^k 
ODV no San onSip ini ni'DDrb"? 
im in:*") n^n* *in3 coa? nNn\D pn 
id'?:' ko TiiD njK kSx Kiisn kd 

iKii 7n.'j Nn»S;; mnio h'"iK'niiK>K 
mo Sko'^k Kin pa ik hskSd 
fK n>{noK7K nin ]K7 n^nv "I'Ji Kim 
SkSh 'm {♦tynpi nainoD Knijx |kd 
rbhn) mvo nin3 noni nnsS aniwi 
anm '9 JN3 ]Ki nyjf2 Scpi to kS 
nnp> nV nSj^Ki moj? 'n3 -indd 
Sko S?: 'iSK Kin -]7iDi nnoj;?^ 
v")^m npDJNi njK? ik npno ik ik'^g 
mp n^^K IK KjSp |K n^KiD '3 rh 
jKi S.kdSk Kin ni''? b'j' jk Kin '^;r 
nioj;'?Ka -np '7p3 idkSk -jTi n» |y jni* 
7KP3K ;>'0J '73 *]SiD noKbx d'S** 
"|ty K7D Kno hnK»nDK*7s^ jNdjkVk 
KiO np. JK*? n'>3;<t2'7K'j ti;xd^k nim 
♦j?ity7K "iokSk |k 'inthn h-asba 'a 
'n^K '7Ki;3KSK '3 in ko3k 'njSKi 
|Ki Kn^y3» JK pK'niK Kn^s ikdjk'^S 
pDn D3J7K |o rj7K Kin 'ai Kn'7j?3» k'? 
•73 D'Ctt' no nj'Ki D\t:tt; nK-i> 
k:o KD3 jkdjk':'k nK'nixS hsnvo 
na jnn' k2Jx Son KiK on'^ipa 



um; 



f Dent. xxz. 1$. « Ibid. iv. 9. lO. I^ lb. xxii. 8. eDeut. xx. 5. i" Exod. xxii. 27. ^ Dcut. xxiv. 6. 



PORTA M S I S, 



« 



^s'^niiN* ^h ^nW fti?*3DSN -ii^nSk 



87 



IN 

nnnv .in 



um : V. g. ut fit procerus aut brevis, aut ut de- 
fcendat tempeftas, aut fit annonae caritas, aut 
corruptio aeris, aut falubritas, & ejufmodi in om- 
nibus quas funt in mundo, exceptis hominum 
— Li^yCU motibus, & quiete. In fententia autem ifta quatn 
^ '^ ' explicant Sapientes, fcil. quod obedientia & tranf- 
greflio non fint a decreto Dei, neque voluntate 
ipfius, verum arbitrio hominis, fecuti funt difer- 
tum Jeremia textum, ubi dicit, ^ Ex ore excelfi 
non egreditur malum & bonum : quoniam malo [in- 
nuuntur] malas adiones ; & bono, bonae : acfi 

_ _.. diceret, Deum non decrevifie ut agat homo mala, 

"^VS' 1^2 "^Tp* kS rhha iN''^Kpi3 neque ut fadat bona. Cum autem fe ita res ha- 

• '• -If- ^1^ . L __.,• beat, oportet hominem triftitia affici & plangere 

ob ea quas commifit peccata Sz: fcelera, cum libera 

arbitrio fuo peccaverit ; ita dicit, ' Cur dolet homo 

vivens, vir fufer peccato fm ? deinde, fermonem 

convertens, dicit remediurri hujus morbi efle in ma- 

nibus noftris, quoniam ficut fponte peccavimus, 

..._,_ , 1 - - ita & penes nos eft ut poenitentiam agamus, & a 

afj -|S"iO N31N'nJ)N3 ^«tJ'V;; JnSD NjnS i"alis operibus noftris revertamur : dicit ergo pof- 

SxpD "1D'7J^ {^ibNySN i;; ;^riiT y\ni \ii ^^^■> Scrutemur vias nojiras, £5? inquiramus, & re- 



Tip IN S'lD njlD ^n2 NH'S ?NDJN'7S 

.-njo n7N*. x'shi^ Nln ^iOJN^ nnKJDDi 

DiDm n^3;nn N^n f^ |vS;? '3,!: nVip 
.,. ,.._ ..,, -, ,.- IN '-?Kpa 

SNp5 n-)K'nj)Na 'jj in -iK dnhk^ni 
Oh VNDH 7)^ niJi ^n cd^x piN*n' no 



nmiyjT nnpnji ipom nc^sni "jVn n;rD 
♦SI oc^nSs OK'73 '3 niv "pi DXi^x 



vertamur ad Dominum, elevemus cor noftrum cum 
manibus ad Deum in ccelis. Quod autem ad dic- 
tum omnibus notum, cui & fimilia reperiuntur 
in didis Sapientum, necnon literis confignata, 
fcil. Ut furgat homo vel fedeat, omnefque ejus 
motus, fieri voluntate Dei atque arbitrio ejus ; eft 
& hasc fententia vera, fed certo modo, idque ut 



pb rrny Sp XIS nmN^NDI ^^avn fi projiciente quopiam lapidem in aerem qui deor- 
♦*7N N"ljn ?*t2"l \D ^tV3 "l^TI nS) v?P fum defcenderit, dicamus defcendifle ilium vo- 



i<:b7y \iit} S3DX 'h^ rbnQ K^"lVN 
SsDN ha nSri rbha rf^f22 jn Nn»3 

ND 'no ■]"'i'73 oioSiX '3 ^^^n70j3 
ha n-inn* in3 pi3 'S^^? rj KnitD 'pi 
n»sJbN NrJN io u ^D "|Sn?i td-id"?}^ 
nisD ♦n'TN rt?y3'7K3.pi3 'bx innn» 
pi3 6^ nD"rin.o nw^K ppn |k ^3 
>»in n3">n ]»n ^nSn Nsy nbSx t^< n'? 
^3Dt< ♦'^Js* innn* |x pn'^n 10 rj7N 
onjK'? jTjVDnoSK psSxin* Nin '31 
'3 '{y 't'd '3 .ti'tyoSx pSp* Dnn;;oD 
npnj;: "jSn3 d»Si «a»j5"! i^hSn n;r3 fn^N 
♦Q* ne^'j '3 n3NO rtJ^Dbx '73 |ni 

rvnf no "^Kp KOD NO'Nn t^n^ND-j 
rw:;'v t<in nc^yjc^ noi n'n'iy Nin 
ijnbx nViS'^ tyotrn nnn lynn Sd pki 
nN'}<'7N j;'OJ \ii i<rhy in o'CDnSN 
♦nSxi n2N3 .'nSx nnN;77N u; riJ-iKD7N 
nnnpn isjn*?D NnD nyi kdo psno 

hm Ko Mn'3 nnn* |n "i'^n npipN 



luntate Dei, verum eft hoc didlum, quia vo- 
luit Deus ut terra tota in centro eflet, ideo- 
que cum furfum projedta fuerit aliqua ejus 
pars, ea centrum verfus movetur ; eodem- 
que modo quaelibet pars e partibus ignis mo- 
vetur furfum ea voluntate qua fadum eft ut ignis 
moveretur farfum ; non quod Deus nunc demum, 
cum mota fuerit hsec pars terrae, voluerit ut deor- 
fum moveretur. Atque hac de re difcrepant 
Scholaftici, quos audivi dicentes, voluntatem efle 
in omni re, de tempore ad tempus perpetuo ; nos 
autem non ita fentimus, veriam voluntatem fuifi^ 
fex diebus Creationis, ac [exinde] res omnes 
juxta naturas fuas continue fluere, quemadmodum 
dicit, " ^od fuit, idem eft quod erit, i£ quod 
futurum eft, jam fuit ; non eft quid novum fub 
fole. Atque hoc eft quod Sapientes adegit 
ut dicerent, De omnibus miraculis qu£e ab ordi- 
nario rerum curfu defledlunt, quas vel fuerunt, 
vel futura vi promifli funt, pracceflifle de ipfis 
voluntatem fex diebus Creationis, ac tunc tem- 
poris naturas rerum iftarum inditum fuifle ut 
contingeret quod In illis contigit; quod ciim 
tempore illi praiftituto contigit, vifum eft efle rem 
recens produdtam, non autem ita revera efle. 
Ac multum in banc fententiam locuti funt in 



. — . ,. . _ .... ,-. If iWiV/r^ i&ii^/^/^ atque alibi. Porro e didtis ipforum 

n'3 (b '.iDi' nvN npl^N '3 hnn ^i07^ in hunc fenfum, eft, Mundus fecundum ordinem 

"Ipl iShD ^h\ InSn ntO nCN niN fuum procedity quin & reperies ipfos femper in 

tyinO '3 "1'hD V"'JbN ITin '3 J^tippnK omnibus fermonibus fuis fedulo cavere ne vo- 

♦:yoSj< N-in '3 nnSppI nn^Jll nSnp luntatem [divinam] in fingulis rerum ac tem- 

t^O'Nt Dnnini "^Tin •ljn:03 dr\); P^'^'" »"oi"entis ftatuant : atque hoc modo di- 

* Thren, 3. 38. ' Ver. 39. ■" Ecd. i. 9. 



88 



P R r A M S I s. 



cltur de hominc cum furgat aut fedeat, ilium 
voluntate Dei furrexifle ac fedifle, nempe, Deum 
pofuifle in natura ipfius, cum primum crearetur 
nomo, ut pro arbitrio fuo furgeret & federet ; 
i^on quod nunc [de novo] cum furgat, voluerit 
ut furgeret aut non furgeret : ficut nee voluerit 
nunc cum decidit lapis ifte, ut cadcret, vel non 
caderet. Summa ergo rei eft, ut credas Deum, 
ficut voluerit ut eflet homo crcda ftatura, lato 
pedore, digitis pncditus, ita etiam voluifle ut 
pro libitu fuo moveretur & quicfceret, & adliones 
fub eleftione cadentes, nullo ipfum ad eas cogente, 
vel ab iifdem cohibente, facerct ■■, uti in libro ve- 
raci explicatum eft, ubi hanc fententiam expli- 
cans dicit, ' Ecce homo faSIus eft ut utius e nobis 
lid fciendum bonum fcf ma/iitn, i^c. Paraphrafis au- 
tem Chaldaica ita interpretatur fenfum, itt vis 
[verborum] E nobis ad fciendum bcnum fc? 
malum, ha:c fit, quod ipfe jam faftus fuerit 
unus in mundo, fcil. fpecies, cui nulla alia fimilis 
eftet, qua; cum ipfa hoc refpeftu qui jam 
illi contigit communicaret : quifnam autem fuit 
illc ? fcil. quod ipfe pro arbitrio fuo nota haberet 
bona & mala, ut utrum eotum vellet, facere 
poflet, nullo ipfum ab eo cohibente : quod cum 
ita eftet, extendere poftet manum ut de ifta [arbo- 
re] fumens ederet & viveret in ceternum. Ciim 
ergo hoc neceflario fequatur exiftentiam hominis, 
fcil. ut pro arbitrio fuo adiones bonas aut malas 
praeftet, quandocunque voluerit, necefle eft ut in 
botii rationibus inftituatur, utque pra^cipiatur ipfi 
& interdicatur, nee non puniatur & remunere- 
tur ; atque •, hoc totum acquitati [confentaneum] 
eft, ipiumque oportet afluefacere fe a6lionibus 
bonis quibus acquirantur ipfi virtutes, malas au- 
tem fugere, quo amoveantur ab ipfo vitia, fi 
in ipfo fuerint, neque dicat, Infedit mihi affeftus 
qui mutari non polfit, cum omnis affeftus mutari 
poflit & a bono in malum, & a malo in bonum, 
atque hoc ipfius arbitrio permiflum fit. Et juxta 
hanc fententiam, ejufque gratia, attulimus omnia 
quae de obedientia & tranfgreflione diximus. U- 
num nobis fupereft hoc in argumento explican- 
dum, fcil. quod occurrant qua;dam Scripturae lo- 
ca, quibus in fufpicionem adducuntur homines 
Deum decrevifle de hominibus ut tranfgredian- 
tur, ipfofque ad hoc cogere, quod plane falfum 
eft. Ut ergo ea explicemus, quia multum in iis 
errarunt homines, in eorum numero eft quod 
dicit ° Abrahamo, Et fervient illis, Gf affligent 
eos, i£c. dicunt, Vides ipfum decrevifle de yEgyp- 
tiis, ut injuria afficerent femen Abrahami, quare 
ergo vindiftam de iis fumpfit, ciim neceflario & 
inevitabiliter illos in fervitutem redigerent, prout 
ipfe decreverat .'' Refponfum ad hoc eft ; hoc 
perinde efl!e ac fi dixiflet Deus, ex iis qui poftea 
nafcerentur futures tranfgreflbres & obfequentes, 
virtute praeditos & malos, quod verum eft : ne- 
que hoc dido cogitur 5 J'ecva malus ut fit inevita- 
biliter malus, neque 5 fUva virtute praeftans, ut 
neceflario virtute prasftet j veriim quifquis ex ipfis 
malus eft, fponte fua talis eft -, quod fi vellet 
virtute prasftarc, poflet, neque enim eft quod ip- 
fum impediat : eodemque modo quifquis virtute 
pr^ftat, fi vellet, malus efle poflet, nullo im- 
pediente ; hiftoria; enim ifta; non adducuntur de 

" Gen. iii. 22. 



NiN tKD3NSN '3 Snp' injSx {<-in ■h^^ 
"ij'pi DNp nS^N rttyon jn nppi dnd 
mil") ^'in ♦fl ^J;^JDD 'S 'tj^j n^N o:?' 
ih niN'n^Ka nrp'"> Dp.' iN indjnSn 
iNi Dip \ii n^a^^ -Tjv |xSn ^j-^ njK 

aipD IJy |NbN Xty* CS NCD Dp> f<S 

opon ih IK1 cpon |n -ijnS»x ^in 

"[TiD j?3NVN in 'ry'hii rnj? n:N*pS« 
HDSi '\hr\ \D pon "innn* x\y fx av 

|n ♦Jjr.tj^K Nin |'2o Sspi ^rha snhd 

mnpn UN -I'DSnSN Di:inn7N ra.npi 'ji 
np HiN 'j;?' '131 j^-ii D1L3 n;r-fS i:t:D 

'JUD*?}* Nin '3 n3-u«y» n^y ];"): nSiio 
pSn fo niN in kzti rh Svn 't^n 

"pi 10 rh ;?:no k'^i N?y ^j.tn 
liN'i ny no* ipa jssnn 1^*3 Niso 
No'?fl 0*71;^^ 'm ^DNi hnJe^Sx rrin \r2 
iN ♦Jr^< TNDJx'^N "nil »f) Kin 06 
-wins p^'ihii '7Nj;5N. rriN'npND h';'5» 
IK1 -('dSn p-)iD no»'?);n o*? kc^ 'no 
Nnn |N3i NrKj'i Dpsi^n ^nyi npv 
Sn;^3n riDpj m;r» |x nar*7i ^nj; rh-^ 
S'nvd'^n n^ '7vnn ^rin nx-PiSs* 
r\y^ '7irn Tin nintySx SNjraN Dijnn 
Vip x'n nSvn np fio jk VNT-i^y 
Knn"jn p,t3' n*? fl^Nn ''tt nSvn np 
TD*?}* .10 ^?n-l':ln |do' -hm Sd nx 
nxnio^N ini i'dS^ -itybx joi -«!?SS 
NJ3j nSjN pi 'J^^oSn N-in inji nyiS 
rirND7N -lOK |o n{<:n-)T ko "^a 
♦a Nj'3J v")J w^^j; 'p^ np7i n'vj;o'?Ni 
fiV3 vw nxj njK .-]Sti »j;?oSn Nnn 
*np» npN |}< dn:*?}* xn's. onin* 
'^DND *]rn Nn'Sj^ laj* njKi n'v;roSN3 
dnjSn vNii Ko -rto njN^ Nnj^aAa ' 
Dn3;n onn^NS n'Tip "^Sl ;o Nn^a 
•h:: mp np nKin Ki'^Np oniN i:;;i 
♦N'^a Qni3N inr nio^» jk t^ivo*??* 
na N7 rni-iifSKD om an2p>*r w 
2N1J1 -rip NOD pnionjnD' \n arh 
♦*7Nj;n S.Np iS Sno Nin jk -fh 

py«fl7Ki ^'ND7Ni 'vnitSn onjo 
'-7ip7K Nina D'Si n^nv Nlni inii'bNi 
nSi nnsy pD' tk tt^'^n iN'72 □?> 

SiKfi }1D» |N SvnsSk IkSd kSi id 

N^N SiNS y\y |K xty 1*71 mN'nixaa 
7ifX3 Vs ^'i>"i2i nS y:No ih\ r«3i 
);JN0 n^ tio KoV "inty ^nd ke? i^ 
♦nn |*Diy VD'j fy j> di -inddnSn ,jnS 
did;;'7N '7;^ nj no:ni 'Sj; inp np Sip* 

decretum 
f Ibid. XV. 13, 



PORTA M S I S. 89 

^m hif n"^N»JlDi<S X'yi! Vd 'pai hoc vel illo individuo, ut dicere poffit de fe 

10 Y'^'\ Kity ^3 'iryyi rnQ^a. decretum fuifle, verum generaliter affirmantur; 

□n'Vv KnS jl nmoSb rnSx I'nVoSx l'^ "* F^ittatur unufquifque arbitrio fuo, prout 

T.><3^ nSk OnaSb' nV m t^Ur iS ^ "^^"'^ comparatus eft : atque ita unicuique 

IND1 N7N ^'^>^^'it.'^;^ '!,L\!.„^l'. ySgyptiorufn, qui eos opprefferunt, & hiuria af- 

equidem ipfi quod ad illud eleAio, quoniam non 
erat de individuo aliquo decretum ut injuriam 
faceret. Atque idem hoc refponfum quadrabit 
[& alteri illi loco,] Ecce tu cubabis cum patribui 
iuis, ^ furgens fcrpulus ijie fornicabitur pcji Deos 

iron at) \ych la'niih i^jvji na ^fZ' ^f- Nihil enim aiiud hoceft, quam a 

Lo,Jv-,^« -,^-.^> «-,» K^-^^-. n^Q^rA>, ^.^^ '^a eos traftabimus. Nam fi non eflet om- 

nmo qui tranlgrederetur, rruftra client minae, fruf- 
tra etiam melediftiones omnes, nee non & poetic 
qua? in L-ege occurrunt. Neque ideo quod judi- 
cium lapidationisinLege invenimus,dicemus iftum, 
qui fabbatum profanaverit, coa(5him fuifle ad illud 
profanandum ; neque ob maledlftiones opus eft 



nnx njn nrn ayr] Dpi I'm^N dj; 

N-i r3 p"ia K'? iN3 pNH -)3J 'hSk 



DDH mjp D'ba n;rniy7K ♦£) tiJ^n 
j>fin \^ S"ip3 rmnbN ♦►] n7»pD7N 
nV^nn'^r ">"i3JQ nniyn n{< 7'?n hVk 
in^K i»^ Sip3 jx DP' mSSpS^a ^j^i 



S3 J«<nmN3;?3 anhy "np irhbphti utdicamusillos, quiWolacoluerunt, adeo utca- 

j_l2 Cjjjjj ^2« p '73 13^ niK'nbw derent in ipfas malediftiones, coados fuifle ad 

'ji DnDma inna non dji axpirS^ ^^ '°'7t'' J''""" ^p°";^/"^,^°^"'' ^^ i^""" 

^»,o '„ _-„L,i,,,--, -,f,-,« oj r-,> que coluit, & m quern defcendit poena. £/w« 

Dl^, JI n;?nD 37 nX 'nptm n71p f^f^, Vemm quod ad didlum ejus ; o£//W«r«^o 

CK>3 ,];i:iO n'SD n37nN1 n3p^<J^ «rP/?»«r«owj,&ff.poftquodvindidamdeeofum- 

♦OiSS3 '70Nna T.33 *7Vi>f n30 b-am pfit, Ipfumque perdidit, eft in illo fermoni [dila- 

nrpNI njO "]Sj<3 byJNI PJ'7^? t<"in 'a tando] locus ; & ab eodem magnum oritur fun- 

"[Diilh "INnjk^l nS3 nSsn |0 Ss □NS33 damentum. Perpende ergo quid in hanc fenten- 

dS i"? nrj^'E'l nv"lS in nSil TliN^J* *'^™ diftums fum, illique animum appone, cum- 

S<ipSt3' ab '"iSi* TJ 3iT QnS \y *1"^ omnium qui de eo locuti funt diftis conferas, 

-W i<'72 ^y:;!:^ -IONVnMNsS Sx-lSy* uttlW quod optimum videtur fdigas Hoc au- 

|w . /- - I ^._f tem eft, fcil. quod fi Pharaom & afleclis ems 

hjC3 NipVo' IK p nnpo np n;NS „„„f,i^,, ,jjj,^,p, ^j^ q.^a />../.«. nondi! 

37 riNI 137 nS Tin33n 'it*^ '3 7Kp mitterent, eflet res fine dubio difficilis -, quoniam 

Crrp^'Q'' I^e r^p 37D' C3n J\ in3;^ ipfe [Deus fcil.] cohibuit illos ne dimitterent, fi- 

^3p^■J;♦ on pvD' N7 |N m3J0 ini cut dixit, i^omam ego induravi cor ejus, tf 

niTJ^'tt'* "jSn'l nD^n^l nnpSlD* D'? K07 «r/frwraw(?/«j,£5'f. Deindepetiitabipfoutillos 



NO ^3*7 ' vpN3oi nij ■p3» iN3 Kin 
S^h^K D'S JK 'p3 pb ^Jionp 
Nivp nnrC'*^ •^)7'>3 I^ ^2 Ni3n 
NiOTbi n3i nVt "inp pn □nnK'n3K3 
^♦•nKj^ cnnxntb 10 ki:k3 I'tSn N3njSK 
I'3i Snp K03 i^ino j^mj on'Sy 



dimitteret quos coaftus fiiit non dimittere, ipfum- 
que quod non dimitteret una cum populo fuo 
punivit ac perdidit ; quod cum fpeciem habet 
injuftitia?, & contradicere [videtur] omnibus a 
nobis praemiflis, reftat dicendum non ita fe rem 
habuiffe, fed Pharaonem & populum ipfius libero 

' - i^ - y -_ - - - — ., arbitrio fuo tranfgreflbs fuifle fine ulla omnino vi 

3n ^K"l&V ♦J3 pjr njn id;; '^N nOK'V aut coaftione, & peregrinos qui inter ipfos erant, 
Nini 'J1 il nD3nn3 nSn 1:DD rnVJ^I oppreflifle, llllfque injuriam manifeftam intulifle, 
1D3V CnnN'n3N3 nnjO |N3 b^^Zh^ proutdikne ^fknt, ' Et dixit ad populnm/uum, 
n3i Nin ♦S Dn'bj; ?P* dSi On^^n EccepopulusfiliorumIfraelis,i£c.Agite,prudenter 

IK nVi h}; cnS nVbx 3Kp;r lK3a '^f™ /«»» '¥i\^'\ ."r°' ^"^^'^^r^'^"'" 

Dn3 ^H' W h3inbK ID Oni^JD* J^.;P^' ^P°"% % f' "^^^° 'P[T"^ confiho pro- 

sU. ,« -,U-,.» -.;,« o« ^v.-v»,Sv» r»«, ""^' "^1"^ ^"^ *P^s quod ad hoc coaftio incu- 

y\ IK n'?!); 3:1k no 3Kpi;^K id buit: ideoquehxcipfisaDeoobiUud inflidaeft 

(K in h3in7K p DnyJOl anSKpy poena^ ut ipfos a poenitentia cohiberet, quo cade- 

"pi n7 n'77K I '3 npl Dnp7D\ K7 ret in ipfos poena juftitiae ipfius confentanea. Illud 

tDpa CnJK"l3K nKnK 17 njK no'T^^KI enim poena ipforum, & cohibitio a poenitentia, 

lUnjP |K31 nn;;'t:^1 in nnK3K np Iks'? fuit ut non dimitterent ipfos, Atque hoc decla- 

T^yp^y |K DnJKnjlK I?D nK"lK KOJKI ravit illi Deus & notum fecit. Quod fi illos tan- 

'3 ^Kp t403 CTpnO^K nnoSb "h^ ^^ educere voluiflet, ipfum & populum ipfius 

ni3rnc?K in nK dji IOkSk SiK Perdere potuiflet, ut ita exirent ; verum hoc jam 

7,^ — -,-,v>-^« »-.M., sAs Si t-niK* »-. voluit, Ut una dum educeret illos de ipfo, ob in- 

LS:?^^'^^ P° f ^ ? J^ juriam iUis antea illatam, poenas fumeret, ficut in 

pSDOn' KinNVa n3inbK KI^JOD K13Kn •'principio hiftori^ dicit, . V^ etiam gentem cut 

nK ♦nn75:^ nnj? '3 n71p ini ^ an3 fewient judicabo ego. Non potuiflet autem pu- 

^r\'']n}}T\ ni<f ni3)r3 Q71K1 'ji n* nire ipfos fi poenitentiam egiflTent : cohibiti ergo a 

J. .1- Z poeni- 

f Exod. iv. 21. •! lb. X. I. ' lb. i. 9. 10. ' Gen. xv. 14. 



90 



PORTA M S I S. 



pcenitentia ipfos detinuerunt, ficut dicit, ' ^ia 
nunc immittam manum nuam^i^c. Ac certe propter 
hoc fufcitavi /f, fcff . Neque ad abfurdum coge- 
mur, dum dicimus, Deum hoc punire aliquem, 
ut non refipifcat, neque permittat ipfi liberum ar- 
bitrium ad refiuifcendum, cum & Deus peccata 
noverit, &c fipientia & juftitia ipfius poenas men- 
furam ftatuatit. Punit autem alias in hoc mundo 
tantum, alias in futuro tantum, alias in utroque fi- 
mul. Difcrcpat etiam poena ejus in hoc mundo, 
dum aut in corpore, aut facultatibus, aut utrifque 
fimul punit ; aut dum aliquem e motibus homi- 
nis voluntariis ratione poenie tollit. e. g. ciim ma- 
num ejus ineptam reddit ad prehendendum, ut 
fecit in Jeroboamo ; aut oculum ipfius ad viden- 
dum, ut fecit in Sodoma incolis qui contra Latum 
congregati fuerant : eodem modo toUit etiam ab 
eo libertatem poenitentias, ne ad eam uUo modo 

fuo 



»fl 3pNj;\ -TpD :inpyhn -iTp n^Tj;! 
i3pD rn^'jn '3 3pKV' y^ Dp3 a^r^a 
tpny) Nj;'0j ina-^a '3 3pNp' ipi 
ddjSn '3 Dpj<:?» Tp K'j-j^x '3 naxpj; 

?<0D1 Ni^'CJ N0rP3 IK SnoVn '3 1J< 

hnN'ni«<*7K |ndjx'7n nayp v;?3 h^^r 
HT Sdj;' IK ShD 3Npj;SN* ritj 'Vj; 

QITD ♦C'JK3 >;?3 XM INVDN^N |0 

njo Stor* iyi3 tDi^ h-j; i^cnio'^x 
Nln3 3pKr 'i:' 'N*? d'ttj 'nn nnoan 



moveatur, fed in peccato fuo pereat. Neque _ _ 

opuseft nobis ut perfpecfbam habeamus fapientiam '^^^^^^ '"^7 ^J^ ^jjjpj^^jj "L ' '\^^i;^ 
ipfius adco ut fciamus quam ob caufam hunc hoc wlu^ ^smC,^ „„ ^L.., Ll ..J_ ^-.. il 
Lnx genere, non autem alio, atot, uti nee fci- ^^^J^^^ **° P^^^ . ^7 «^^ ^?i^^ 
mus quid in caufa fuerit ut fit huic fpeciei hsc nTl*^^ mn VI^'^N i^^b pD» jN Sj^J 
forma, non alia. Verum fumma hjec eft, quod '^ rV^S?ii \D'7 ni)X rinV:f H^ pD Cb^ 
Omnes via ipfius judicium /int,& de peccatore pes- ailD^N ^pK^'l 'jll D3E^D V3"n ^73 
f[as juxta menfuram peccati fui fumat, i£ bene fa- 
cietitem pro ratione bonorum ipfius operum remune- 
ret. Quod fi dixeris, Quare ergo ilium dimit- 
tere Ifraekm vice poft vicem juflTit, ciim ab ipfo 
cohibitus eflet ? Ut nempe defcenderent in ipfum 



HiNonx 



Tip "h:^ ionoSi* vNin naji 

ni» :h^ 'ty ♦^63 pSp |n3 

jsjVp nod nij> ♦*:);; p^a im .tSit 



^^^gi^erft^nie ipfo in ob^duratione fua (ficut dixi- "SS" ^JTL '^L '"^^^ ^. '""'^^ 
Ls hoc punitum fbiffe ipfum, ut perfifteret in ^^'^1 ']^^ '^^ PM'^^ 2pi;r HJN 
toertinacia fua;) neque enim ab ipfo fruftra requi- «Tn3^n7r3» jN* pp» iO NO nD^T njO 

no':5r^*?^ ♦'^Ni'n h'^Vn p hodhS n!^n ino 



[N hSSk tkhn s<iN nnN»ni)N |n 
3Vi}N t.»* n"? '7xp3 nSiDD' 1.-13 nSan* 
n'jj in'^n np'^oN ibi anpN^DN -ijp 
yarn }S33. ']'7nn ^nn pSjon Nb -ijdS 
♦i;?-t'? p]nS3^n nn* 'nn Dy:» in in 
D':'3 □);:♦ ^n p j^iioo hjn 'dj'^n 
nmntyo riOHpi? n'N -jVi '3 |Nd3 ;?t:nD' 

13D tr071 '^Np K03 DNJ'7K ^'OJ -Uj; 

3pN;^; np n77i* t^ pJ*n '^s^ 'w 



pertmacia lua -,) neque enim ab ipfo trultra requ 

rendum erat [illud] quod facere non potuit •■, hoc 

etiam ipfum fuit a fapientia divina, ut dPferet 

ipfum, potuifle Deum etiam liberum ejus arbi- 

trium ciim vellet toUere. Dicit ergo iJli, Requiro 

1^0 abs te, ut dimittas illos, & fi dimiferis illos, 

evafurus es, tu autem non dimittes, ut perdaris : 

oportebat ergo ipfum gratiam illis facere, ut ita 

ipanifefto contrairet dido Prophetas [affirmantis] 

ipfum cohibitum fuifle ne illis gratiam faceret, at 

non potuit. Qua in re miraculum fuit infigne, 

omnibus confpicuum (ficut dixit, ' Ut declaretur -j----. ^' i-- | ■— ■ /— yw 

^omen meum in tota terra) quod puniret Deus t*<4D Si?3 TN'riJlN n;;jO» |N3 |NDJN7N 

hominem impediendo ipfum libeie aliquid facere, flD-lNJO i^'DnO* NT) •]'7i3 IH dS;;'! 

cum ipfe illud fciret, nee poflet animam fuam ^bj;-) -iNTIDnSn "tn h^ Krmi nD3i 

eripere eamque liberty! reftituere. Atque eodem -^^ pn,^ ^j^.-^ .^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^ 

Wus modo fehabuit poena &W Regis //.> n^N'^V ?0 Qipn NoS nJN3 PDtt'n 

ton \ nam & iplum ob rebelJionem fuam qua ,^^ -,1,1:^4 *.^».w.. .. *-.L . ^ _ • ' L 
priaspeccaverat non coa,ihis, punivit Deus im- ^ ^^^.f^Pf . ^'^^ 13P ^'^^^ 
Sedien^o ipfum quo minus Ifraeli annueret, adeo '^ ^^^' "^NJJ^ W rhbn nj;:o 
utipfum interficerent : atque hoc eft quod dicit, V^ Pl^'^ '"p^ ,^^71 rnip im m*7np 
' Et noluit Sihon permittere ut tranfirent per ip- J^lH 3;?y ♦'17X1 'j1 ID UTD^n . JIDC'n 

Jum^ qiioniam obduraverat Dominus Deus fpiritum fVl'D |N pnnJbD OhSd inD3oSN h^i 
ejus^ i^c. Illud autem quod fecit ut hoc dif- ♦b_J? mi* ^NT^'' "inn' d'? HJIDD Dpij? 
ficile videretur omnibus interpretibus, eft, quod TIDJO IHI 3pN^ fl'D J>:iSNp3 mN73 
putarent Sihonem ideo punitum, quod non per- ri^'^V^ T\ 3pW TW^^ TN* Nl^b N.DD 
mitteret Ifraekm tranfire j^r reg.onem ipfius. Di- ^L^^ ^^^i^^ ^1^, {^ h^, u, j^L, 

cunt ergo, Qomodo punitur cum coactus ruerit ' ' "'^ 



[ita facere?] ficut ^xxXsitupX. Pharaonem ac popu- 
lum ipfius ideo punitos fuifle quod Jfraelem non 
dimitterent ; Res vero non aliter fe habet atque 
explicavimus, fcil. Pharaoni & populo ejus poe- 
nam ob injuftitiam ipforum prajcedentem, a Deo 
inflidanv hoc fuifle ne pcenitentiam agereot, adeo 
ut in ipfos omnes plagas iftae defcenderent. Et fuifle poenam Sihonis ob oppreflionem & injufti- 
tiam 
• Exod. \x. 15, 16. » Ibid. ix. 16. ^ Num. xxi, 2}. 



□HDNpy jND nn^^r^v^ii |n n^'d nod 
onobb p pnpn no ♦*7jir hSSn ijy 
P'oj CDHD Sr^n 'nn nidih' nS t^ 
'*7J^ .jin'D DNp;^ tNDi , nN3NVN -|bn 
nriDTOo ♦s n-iij in no'rb to oipn no 



PORTA M S I S. 



9? 



-^^, j^L,^' pj2<|;i';)j{ y/tf?aw puiiire le quofdam tranfgrenbrum hocj 
L ' .»55y-, '^sl^ yn-j 'l"^'^ cohibeat ipfos a pcenitentia, nee ipfis, quod 
7 [UUr\ 7Np i -J ^^ jji^j^^ llberum arbitrium permittat, ficut dixit, 



i'T:ibnp' 'm 'i'N'X'* n3NJ!< p i/^y I^ tiam ipfius in regno fuopraecedentes, banc, utco- 
'*^Nj;n nJN n';?^'' n* ^S;^ n7*7N iO npl hiberetur quo minus annueret I/raeli, ut ita Ipfum 
On^'JO' i»S*D I^iW'^K Vy3 Dpjy;' *lp e medio tollerent. Porro, declaravlt Deus per 

1^: Nim 1^, NDn"* ^tyi r&'n Vy^ri -I^DH v i^pingua corpopuli iftius,'i^ aures ejus aggra- 
nxnaO in ":>? TINH '^X iNnn» N7 7'7J ^a, & omlos obUm, ^c. nee revertatur ^ me- 
Sip n:» '?VnSn Nin pri n">'np '7N3p^* ^^/«r e/,^^. Eft autem textus ifte manifeftlor 
p jnSfiD^N i)? aN*7D7« n**?)^ 1iT7J« quam ut ulla egeat interpretatione, verum eft ipfe 

clavls ad multas feras [recludendas ;] & juxta 
hoc fundamentum fluit di<5i;um illud £//>, c. p. de 
infidelibus iftius temporis, " El tu convertijii corda 
e or urn retro : i.e. hajc in ipfos, poftquam fponte 
fua errarunt, fuit poena tua, ut amoveres corda 
ipforum a via refipifcentiae, quo minus relinquere- 
tur ipfis liberum arbitrium, aut voluntas ad de- 
ferendam banc rebellionem, quamobrem perman- 
ferunt in infidelitate fua, fecundum illud quod dicit, 
Soeius Idolorum Ephraim ; Jim ipfum : i. e. A- 



DD7 nK nniD'on nnNi m-j^ Sin 

nSp in: oniDD '^^^ "j'^n 7jnS NiONit) 
in 'V iS njn nnim □^nvy -iinn 
n^Kpy K.-inm mx'niiND ixnix^j^ pij^v 
iS mn '::;d ini Nn^n 'Sv "|"in» \ti 



tiTi CnS' pS *TDX3ri7N T\y ]D Nim micus fuit Idolis fponte fua eaque amavit : poena 

wnn n&? ^7^y^' Sip HDit) ♦:K^aSN* 
iHD "^nxn'o ii3^ H'ttpn "I'rmo ♦'♦ 
pSj;n' vh") rtD x-^ha Nin 'ij; j-ikd 



j<:n3->ji rrbpa p ^?Dlyn njN 

hSxhSn rnn in-i ^:■^^* dt .n' aysi^nn 

nit* liNDsJ naii ti^ anaiSp njKn 
iy isntbiit hanhn warh aDon I*:"}* 
Sd. "i"ioki DDt nro Vip im pnSt* 
nc^S "p;o^ .nx t^v laa crun 
Ty:^ SNp 1^171 ji »'» nbi3' 'n*73D 
"inSni '^^p i^Dp |j7tf7 3W Nin 
NroDT Dti'n '7iSn aii \')y n"? 'nn ':;;♦ 
pnSx yii2r\ h^p t^ nn 'a .|»d 

i-ip )7-v rriy Sd DPiSp 'Dn^ Sxpa 
♦hSk rvH w j'sn s<in tznm »'♦ 'r;;n 
ftuy 10 ^Jsf'st »iSip p 'sni tDOtran 
no"^ onSw may ^nc' dhtdn n^K 

unvHD iJTOj* nnjn niN3v ''♦ 'jso 
SHpi j'DS 'ji nircn ^^j; mj dj anr 
onntri S»p» pn^« jO'd '^>»n hjk 
rnm 'i*i ytynS ppy io Dn♦^?"n 
KipoSxi rmnSN 13 rPDrDbx D'pioaSN 

}'^arv "im y.\ vh2 xnwys W3 npa 
'Sy i^yp3> Soi^nSK . rinE^ nj)7 H'to 
nj;ND':'K- rrrn |ndjkSx |K ^<iSms* 



ipfius eft ut amori ipforum relinquatur: atque 
hie eft fenfus [verborum] Difnitte eum. Hasc 
autem Interpretatio e prsftantiffimis [videbitur] 
illi qui fenfuum acumen intelligit. Quod ad 
didlum autem *■ Ifaia, ^are efrare facis nos. Da- 
mine, a viis tuis, indurare fecijli cor nofiritm a 
timore tuo ? eft illud ab hoc propofito prorfus 
alienum, neque Cum ulla hujus fignificationis 
[parte] affinitatem habet. VerCim fcopus iftius 
loci, fecundum rationem antecedentium & con- 
fequentium, eft, quod dum de captivitate & ex- 
cidio noftro, deque gentium in nos domlnio 
queratur, intercedens oicat, O Domine, cum vi- 
derint hoc modo praevalere ipfis infideles, errarant 
a viis veritatis, & declinavit cor ipforum a 
timore tuo, perinde ac fi tu jn caufa effes ftultis 
iftis recedendi a veritate : juxta diflum Mofis 
Dod:oris noftri, ' Et dicent omnes gentes, qu^ au- 
dierint rumorem hunc, quia nan potuit DominuSy 
&c. ideoque poft hacc dixit, Revertere propter 
fervos tuos, tribus hcereditatis tua : i. e. ne exiftat 
profanatio nominis [divini:] & ficut in [prophe- 
tis] duodecim explicat didlum eorum qui fecuti 
funt veritatem cum fubjugarentur a gentibus tem- 
pore exilii, ubi verba ipforum referens dicit, ^ 
Omnis qui facit malum, bonus eft in oculis Domini^ 
iifque ipfe dele£latur, aut ubi eft Deus judicii ? 
quin & refert quae pras extremitate captlvitatis 
a nobis prolata rant : ' Dixiftis, fruftra eft colere 
Deum, fif quid prodeft qubd obfervaverimus man- 
datum ipfius, & quod incefferimus atrati coram 
Domino exercituum ? 6? nunc nos beatos pradi- 
camus fuperbos, t^c. quod explicat dicens, futu- 
rum ut Dominus manifeftam faciat veritatem, di- 
citque, Et convertiwini, ^ difccrnetis inter juftum 
y improbum, ^c. Atque hi funt textus obfcuri 



In Lege & Scriptura, qui opinarl [aliquos] faci- 
|N iW JO") nSj7D 1*6^3' ]N , IHV unt, Deum [homines] ad tranfgrediendum coge- 
nS^N HDpKi?* \» kSk rf?yD' N^ rhyp r^, quorum fenfurh genuinum fine dublo aperui- 
NOD nrvWo Sd3' T\D DiiN ^DJT 'Sv "^"^» expllcatlone qua; feria confideratlone vera 
nSiSs n-rn S'K^dSn nXDnDJ*' INI NJ»a [deprehendetur,] atque Ita fundamentis noftris in- 
.L -,r,^,L, -,-,-;,» ,«-,, ... IL ,,.,,. fiftimus, liberoque ejus arbitno, ic. in hominis po- 
'a nOS:^ nnnri pn' ^N rb ^m" ,^^^^^ ^j,,^ ^^^ obidlentiam & tranfgreflloncm,, 
permifias efte aftiones fuas, ut quicquld hbuerit facere, faciat, & quicquid noluerit facere, 
non faciat, (nifi hoc ipfo ob delldum aliquod quod commiferit punierit ipfum Deus, ut tollat 
2 arbitrium 

" If». vi. lo. ^Reg. 18.37. »Hof. iv. 17- Tfa. Ixiii. 17. ' Deut. xxix. 24. "i Malac. iii. 1 4. "Ver. i8. 



92 



PORTA M S I S. 



arbltrium ipfius, ficut oftenfum eft,) atque acqui- 
fitionem virtutum & vitiorum penes ipfum eifc ; 
quare oportct ipfum fe ad acqulrendas virtutes 
irritare or excitare, cum non fit cxterius aliquod 
impellens, quod ipfum ad eas impcllat : atquc 
hoc eft quod dicunt inter hujus libri monita. Si 
non ego mibt, quis mihi ? Nee fupereft jam de 
hoc argumento, prater unum quafitum, de quo 
paucis agendum eft, quo abfolvatur Capitis hujus 
Icopus, cujus noluiflem [eauidem] ullam omnjiio 
mentionem facere, fed poftulat neceflitas ut faci- 
eftque illud [de] fcientia Dei qua res no- 



am us: 



♦a pnSip ini iisi |o n^ihj hdiit 
♦o n 'JN xa □« khdooSk rrin 2k-tk 
2T ♦Jjro n':'n pj'^n rrin p p3' oSi t*? 
n: S.!2D' Tin K>Sp .Tja cnS^'^k 
i'piN.IK TIN N'? n33 m SvaSk 

Nna w'^; jniT 'n*?^ njr6x Nnj}6 

vit. Hoc emm argumentum urgent contra nos i h ->SwA -r-iwmSv-. ^^> v^-TI, -u ^'^'•'■^r^ 
ouiexiftimanthominemadnheH,VnH„m ^.^r.nf. P^I^^ mN'TONI nX NM'D H"? "IXTID}? 

rpc'bK jnn Sip' n:N -TNpn;?N'>^? 

i^c n6 D^v n'^p ikd oVr oS •l^f 

no> pp IN Sap p m'tSn t<n^hv 
a^'D"? n:N n^p |n^ »p'pn oSy -lu 
h^'pj; nKpK:c; nor*? Snp lo I'rr 
nbipN Ko 'jq ;;oDKa -inidn nonnjNi 
"ip ip-2 nn'^N n:N nij nSoNni 
^nvhibii chyba '3 in2 np n)N nSii 
'^Ni?n n'^'^N IK nyoo'^N ^v^ no »!);?n 
rlN'na ts'n nVi oSra oW "in d'S 

JNWNbNSj^OJN'C^aSrSNI in JID'TPt 

d':'A^id'?j;^ntj indjnSn jn^ no'ryi 
IN3 i^a iNJiiN t>iDna ^ndjnSn n»:i 
rnwN npr^*? d^^td dSnj^ r-iS^N 

niNp in Nna »nSN rtrrp' 
17 n"i3"i NOJNi nriNQv 



qui exiftimant hominem ad obediendum, & tranf- 
grediendum cogi: atq; omnes ipfius adtiones fcjuf- 
modi efle] ut non fit ipfi in iliis liberum arbitrium, 
ciim arbitrium ipfius ab arbitrioDeipendeat. Quod 
autem ad'ita credendum adigit eft,qudd dicat [ quis, ] 
Vel novit Deus utrum hie homo futurus fit bo- 
nus aut malus, vel non novit : quod fi dicas, 
Novit ; fequitur aut ilium coaftum efie ad habi- 
tudinem iftam induendam, quam prsfcivit Deus ; 
aut efle Dei fcientiam prorfus incertam ; Sin 
dicas, ilium non prafcivifle illud, fequentur ab- 
furda magna, ac diruentur muri, Audias ergo 
quid dicam, illudque diligenter perpendas, ut- 
pote quod, abfque dubio, verum eft. Hoc fcil. 
manifeftum efle in fcientia Theologica, (Metaphy- 
lica fc,jDeum Exc. non fcire per fcientiam, neque 
vivere per vitam, ita ut fint ipfe & fcientia res 
[dus,] quemadmodum homo & fcientia fua [fe 



habent:] Homo enimaliudeft a fcientia, & fcientia 

aliudabhomine: funt ergo res duae. Quod fi Deus ^S,XUi -I^CLm *^J'- ^ VC'L ' "l" 

fciretper fcientiam, fequeretur inde multiplicitas, 5Iv^,l,C^^.^\ V^^ ^'^^^^^ ^^^^ 
eflentque plures aeterni, Deus fcil. & fcientia ^ ''"^ nN'n7N 



qua fcit, & vita qua vivit, & potentia qua po- 
tens eft, atque ita quod ad csetera ejus attributa. 
Argumentum autem facile, quod & vulgus ho- 
minum facile intelligat, in medium protuli, cum 
alias argumenta & probationes quae hanc fenten- 
tiam evertant valida admodum fint, & demon- 
ftrativa. Conftat ergo Deum Excelfum efle at- 
tributa fua, & attributa fua ipfum, adeo ut di- 
catur ipfum efl'e fcientiam, ipfum fcientem, & 
ipfum illud quod fcitur : ipfumqne efle vitam, 
& ipfum viventem, & ipfum illud qui eflentiani 
fuam extendit [in] vitam ; & fimiliter in reliquis 
attributis. Has autem notiones difficiles funt, 
quas non eft quod fperes te perfe<a:e intelledurum 
e duabus aut tribus fermonis mei lineis, verum 
ut ad te proveniat aliquod tantum earum in- 
dicium. Porro ob hoc fundamentum magnum 
non permittit lingua Hebraica, dicere Chei Ado- 
tiai. Per vitam Domini, ficut dicunt, Chei Naph- 
Jheca, per vitam anima tua ; Chei Pharaoh, per 
vitam Pharaonis, viz. nomine conftrudto, cum 
conftru<5tum 8c illud quocum conftniitur, res 
duas diftinftae fint, neque res cum feipfa con- 
ftruatur. Cum ergo fit vita Dei cfl!entia ipfius, 
& efl!entia ejus vita* ipfius, neque res alia ab ip- 
fo, non adhibent ipfam in ftatu regiminis ; ve- 
rum dicunt Choi Adonai, vivens Dominus : In- 
tentio ergo [noftra] eft Deum & fcientiam efle 
rem unam. Quinetiam oftenfum eft in Metaphy- 
non efle intelledlibus noftris pofllbile ut per- 






^t!^J2&. ^^i}l ^T^,n3np pin 



'Nt 'n in 

oi -^S^ai 

Soan ^ri^N ^'NSn^NT ' jin'^^Na ' n?ni 
pN nva n'JNn-i3"i nij fl'ip 'na Nin 
Si<P' '/in in nriNaifi nnNav '"^N^^n 
Dibj^obN njN im dSn;?Sn im q'?:;'?^ 
no» 'tVn im 'n'^N ini n^i»n^N ini 
r-iNay'^N TND -jyiDi riN'rf?N nnNi 
Nnona 'a v^^t\ n*? ras'i 'J^po nini 
♦ONb'D ro nn'?n poo |o SnodSn h'^ 
opa "iNDDN'^N Nnjo nS Svn^ nojnt 
r'in N*? xntyh^ H^^"-}^ ^s*^nS1 
♦n Ni'^Np NOD »'» »n Sp ftiN-iar"?.^ 
■IK fjNifo oD.v 'j^^N rijr-ia ♦n ntya^ 

r-l'NJno V'V PpSn f]NV0'7N1 ^\xiih^ 

njND NO*?! noaj'? 'e^Sn ^\xt^ i>^^ 
nnN'n nnNli nnNl 'n nS'^N hN'n 
xnibip» □*? n-i'j njN, 'k? no'^i 
njN nJ7Na »'» ^n Mi^Np Sa riaNvxa 
'a Ni'N x-in npi nnNi 'ty nriN'ni 
'a hpND N*? NJN n;;oobN n;r3 n'o 
•hv '"^^VT^ nniji3 ta^nnV NjSipy 
INVpji miii Skod*? N-ini '7nodW 
Nnn dS;?» dnijdn n-niiS xh\ NjSipi; 
'y-i'^VQ nDNn-TN "^ NiSp:; 'y-SDn ini 
|Na Doe^'?N nij nNi-iN \'s nvi^N iu 
Nin PD7 Sa dob^Sn 113 ^'h i^ zh 



ftcis, 

fefte eflentiam Dei Exc. comprehendant : idque 

ob perfeftionem eflentias ipfius, & intellecfluum noftrorum defedum, cum non fint eflentis ipfi- 
us caufsper quas fciatur.Defedtus autem intelle(Jluum noftrorum ineo apprehendendo eft inftarde- 
» feiaus 



PORTA M S I S: 



<^i 



NnSs imn'na vij^k Kin '3 CD'?Dni 

Nini in hq'tj;! noSy in "in njia 

'^N)?n miji la ii^dy anin'y NiD^na 
-T-i-r ah n^h:; in n7N S^^od'^k pr 
mn rp ♦nn no'7v nisit in Kinb^i 

'2? SdSn "IN nnijll WSDH}* noSyi duemnt ergo apprehendere fcientiamipfius, quo 
in SnmSn 'S); nSNI-lK Ix'? inNI fub mtellea pforum caderet quod & ,mpo{^ 
DbySKp mijl 'fi in NOD inT 1« ^^''-''^^^- ^^m fi comprehenderemus faemmm 

?N j-^JO npD , h>o:'?}< naj^'^fiN |o 
vno ^ni npS;; -jN-nx 'fl idsSk 



fedus luminis vifus ad apprehendendam liicem 
Solis : Neque eft hoc ob debilitatem lucis Soils, 
verum quod lux ifta fortior fit luce quae earn 
apprehendere vult. Multa autem in hanc fen- 
tentiam dixit, quae omnia petfpicue vera: ideoquc 
neceflario fequitur etiam, nos non fcire fclentiam 
ejus, neque earn uUatenus comprehendere, cum 
ipfe fit fcifentia fiia, & fciehtia fua ipfe. Atqiie 
haec eft notio rara & mira, quae cum ipfos fugeret, 
perierunt. Norunt enini efientiam Dei perfec- 
tam, qua in fe eft, non pofle apprehendi. Stu- 



ipfius, comprehenderemus etiam eflentiam ipfius^ 
cum utrasque res una fint. Perfeda enim ejus 
apprehenfio ea eft, ut apprehendatur ficut ipfe in 
fe eft, [refpedu] fcientiaj, potentia, voluntatis^ 
vitas, aliorumque ejus attributorum prasftantium. 
nobj^ in f)»D Ki^KD aiaH niilO rUN Jam autem explicavimus omnena de apprehen- 
am UDO *l^ "pni ^^'7 i<J^* ^^3S'? denda ipfius fcientia cogitationem meram effe ftul- 
^2jj{ -^pi '^jjJqo'^K i^V mijl nnnj nS *^*'^"^' "^^''^ l"^'" "^ fciamus ipfum fcire, ficut 
Vpi »%n noSy nxn-lK DK-I p ^hy ^^"""^ fTut:^^^ autem in^erroget [quis,] 
111.- ...» ^v. v*mU,^ -,^^v» M-^A-, -,1 Quomodo fe habet fcientia ipfius ? refpondemus, 
n^bpp nj; DK NVOn m^K npnn nS ;;^3 j,j^j ^^^ apprehendere, ficut riec rierfeal 
TMm KO r|OJ p %nn3 NVOr> nc^ apprehendimus eflentiam ipfius. Vitio autem 
rT?^ n'*7N n7ND0 i^DiNpK 7Nj;fiN' |K vertit [Deus] illis qui defiderant apprehendere 
JO nai y^ 10 nnty li< J^N^ p3'. Ii< fcientiam ipfius, atque illis diftum eft, f Num 
'T7T>') ytharha nnX vi^ n? n'?'?^ inveJUgatione Beum invenies ? Num ufque ad per- 
^Vry^rCihiCi □♦Sj^nSNI t] vDH^K op feSHonem Omnipotentem invenies ? Conftar ergo ex 
^iOP'N nSa nbi 'IJ D»Si DXpp'^Kl Nrj'^i^l ^^^ omnibus quae diximus, adliones hominis ip- 
rOi*? nsKnnkl »Wn rio'^y nav non fi"s [arbitrio] permlflas efle, ac penes ipfum efle 
' ' ' ■ ut fit vel virtute prasftans, Vel malus, ita ut non 

cogat ipfum Deus ad alterutram harum habitUT 
dinum inclinare, ideoque neceflaria efle ipfi prae- 
cepta, inftitutionem, apparatus, remunerationem, 
poenam : neque eft in his omnibus difficultas. 
Quod autem ad defcriptibhem fcientiae Dei & ap- 
prehenfionis qua omnia [apprehendit,] res eft 
quam non capiunt intelledus noftri, ficut oftendimus. Atque haec fumma eft eorum quae in 
hoc Capite afFerre ftatuimus. Jam autem tempus eft ut fermoni huic finem imponam, & dd 
tradtatum iftum, cui hsc capita a nobis prasmifla funt, explicandum pergam. 

' Job xi. 7. 



KO hv ryy^ ^^^ Ki'^iprs n'i^n'^n 
'fi rh^mT\ Nn vp NO riSoi nnm njo 
Gn^dSn i^DpN IN h in npi dn^Sn Nin 
^•nDDoSN rrin rrw »fl iDNi KJn 
: hriihi< rrin Nioip Nn"? tiSn 



Soli Deo Gloria. 



Aa 





ui 




:rrf 


rntrilBrait;" 


; ? ' •:,":< 


V^ 1JJ?' 


''-,'' 


jnyl'sr • 


r;'" 


•f> luti.'r: 




e£;U ,'■ 


••a 


-■^. ■ 


• f-} 


A ?2n: 




nWt) i^ 

) ".•-•3 


'floTpa 






94. 



P R T yl M S I S. 



R. Mosis Maimonidis Prafatio in Seder Kodafliim. 



Vlfum eft mihl, antequam hujus ordinis ex- 
plicationem aggrediar, de Oblationum di- 
vifione, & fpecierum earum enumeratione fer- 
monem praemittere. Ad quod faciendum me 
invitavit, quod licet ipfarum divifio res fit mani- 
fefta totaque difertis Scripture verbis [explicata,] 
adeo ut non poflit de ea quis, ne poft accura- 
tam ipfius infpeftionem, novi aliquid proferre, 
res tamen ipfa (Oblationes inquam) ob iniquitates 
noftras, quas multae funt, jam deperdita fit, ut 
pauci admodum ei animum advertant, nee fubinde 
occurrat alicui, etiamfi adverterit, ejus mentio, 
cum nihil jam agatur quod eandem faspiiis in me- 



tN3 m iV-Y? 'JNin ♦T^Ni 

ID-IE? ij'n):i;?3 tjSn np m^a^p^K 

DNJ^N p '-7''7p'7N N*?K n'3 IDJ' N^?! 

nbj INI tNpiN^N 'W mDi -riDri' »x^i 
nN-iDH'^N nV 2jT Sap Dii d'S In n»*) 



ratio, nee de'Oblationibus fciat maxima ftudioforum X^^^^^ ^'^ P^J ^^ l^ ^^"V P °^ 
pars, vel ea quasmultis Scripturae textibus explican- 2"^pn ?W*n7N. |'3K'np |N *]Tf {Oa n"l'nD7N 
lur. Hoc in genere eft, quod quas ex animalibus P £3p3 ]NVnb}< p VJ<1JN* nOOD |)3 
funt Oblationes, e quinque tantum ipforum fpecie- DN0n7K "l^J^I TJ;N07K'1 TpibNt Q^jiSk 
bus [defumantur,] viz. ovibus, bobus, capris, co- rt^DIK i'SNIpSx ^^^{OJKT DXO'Sn TDOI 
lumbis parvis, & turturibus grandioribus. Oblatio- 
num autem fpecies quatuor funt, Holocauftum, Sa- 
crificium pro peccato, pro delifto, pacificorum, aut 
quod ejufdem cum eo rationis fit. Nee ulla om- 
nino in lege noftra oblatio occurrit, five privati 
alicujus, five totius coetus, quae non fit vel ha- 

rum quatuor fpecierum una aliqua, vel e pluribus f | - - ,- - j^ ^ 

compofita. Quod ad Holocauftum, illud totum P^ *^jj1 "^^X t2"lp IK "VrV l^"^ p 
igne abfumitur, cujufcunque tandem generis fu- !{< *^pD7N IK D3J^K -n3"i p K^K 
erit, five privati alicujus, five totius costus Ob- DKO'^KI D^OnSK p pDHl fi^KoSx 
latio ; neque aliunde defumitur quam ex ovibus, 'nj^^Kl ^DhSn ?0 J<0n»3 p"li) t>J71 
bobus, aut capris mafculis. Eft etiam e tur- 



DiyKbKi nK-onSKT n^A^ ^m 

VT\i6^ rt\r\ TfTK n':i ^^y£ \-Tp i^ 
njND rip-;; ♦^f »':2;- t>jnS3 pnnn'na 



turibus & columbis; in his autem nulla inter 
marem & feminain difcrepantia. Sacrificiorum 
pro peccato duo funt genera, alia, fc. quorum 
partes lege praeceptas ofFeruntur, reliquum vero 
comedunt in atrio generis Sacerdotalis mares ; 
alia quorum refiduum etiam crematur, ficut often- 
furi fumus, quaeque tam e mafculis quam e foe- 
minis fumuntur, idque fine difcrimine, e quin- 
que illis animalium fpeciebus. Sacrificii pro de- 
lido ofFeruntur partes lege prasfcriptas, reliquum 
in atrio comedunt Sacerdotes mafculi, neque ali- 
unde defumitur quam ex ovibus mafculis, alias 
grandioribus, alias minoribus, quod & explica- 
turi fumus. Non eft autem omnino inter Obla- 
tiones ccetus, oblatio pro delidto, fed eft ea fem- 
per< privati oblatio. Pacificorum ofFeruntur tan- 
tun\ partes. Quod fi privati fuerit oblatio, ac 



Dip' 









njo _ 

?ai ONJNbNi -iiDiSN. p \'\:ir\-', I'd^d 

njiro hDr Sdn'i jhidn'^n t-md D-ip» 
-iiDn p -I'j \\y nV-) m?;;D ripD'^N 
|o:di khtdd p nio :op3 djjSn 
nijn-^p 'Q D'^1 *]St Nnn'jv p njoi 
NnDN TH' Dip in NOiNi Qu?N niavn 
jopa pionSn t>jnja aipn o'aSc^^Ni 
d'iid'^n KHia iiN "I'lr pnp njNO jNa 
ri\>'2b\^ ^J^2Nni'N Sdn'i pie?-! nrn 
NHDNni/N 'Spn . 'j^^N oVvyn* ;^'aj '3 
'^Nin VN-ity* ;?'ajb t^n'^DN ^n* >in:N 
jiSdn' -nDx xrs\) nJN3 int xd31 



cipient de ea Sacerdotes pedus & armum, refidu- riilHS '"O?'?! my^D npD'?N □0n37N 
' ' .- . • ^^^^ ^^,^^ i^^ .^ ^^^^ ^j^^^ ^^^ 

r^yi'p NaJN h^ DNanbNi DNa^VN p 

p pNiiN rinSiiSN tnd p D'aSc;'7N 

NnhNJNi ^SiTnDl ja Nmu";;i t<nn'23 

.......o .„ «...., ,... ^...v... ................. n:)ri j^iaJN mnvn mjDnp;?»aJ nSnai 

neque e volucribus omnino ofFeretur, fcil. e co- DNa'7N [D ^47 ;?K"1JN nn'7n7N ^a 
lumbis & turturibus : fed e reliquarum trium fpecierum five majoribus, five minoribus, live maf- 
culis five foeminis. Ita & omnes oblationes coetus e tribus iftis fpeciebus erunt, non e columbis 

I & 



iim comedentibus iis qui obtulerunt qualibet urbis 
Hierofolymitana parte. Intelligo autem, cum 
dico eos qui obtulerunt, licitum efle cuilibet If- 
raelit^e iis vefci, tam viris quam foeminis j fin to- 
tius ccetus oblatio fuerit, refiduum comedent Sa- 
cerdotes in atrio, viz. generis Hieratici mares : 



PORTA M S I S^ 



|o p-in'D IP^^K pij o'oSjybK njo 

tino'^N im -inD7K rTiN'n. KDnarnya 
DNnDN7K3 nonj p nxa^j* n»j:f^K 
♦nVx 'H Nn3');D n's^nSk rnm T7k jo 

I^ij jo |ND IN wnh^'^a p pinn 

rtS^K N'&'}«bN nin ''^N NTro pnn»£j 
»sn3 riSvno^K nxpaSK ;;o j^nn'^Djn 
'm |om'7i< t'n ♦n'7N nxpaSK tni 
^cm?5y'7N3,|♦^^«n'^7K riSoj j^nai:;* ♦nSx 
»'?;; D'oSsySK p pinn wk K't^N'^Ki 
N20 N03 TOO in ♦iSx ^r^iha 2Dn 
D'c*NbNi nNtDh"?}* |0 pnnn NnjN';;K2 'n 
'oonn NnSs mm |Kvpi pn riiN'r pn 
NnpiHD -ION 'nSx N'BrK7N 'ij;' jmox 
»a "iDN n'j'ni rionpo Njn aipxi 
SipNS ri'JKn n:2Dp tONnpSK DDpn 
t^Nip'^N '13 n'^'^x Sxp NO li'n jn 

inD D'2?33 IN 2E^D IN natTD IN 1^33 
i^pN") ni:? DDNI CDJrN p ONI? pN 

':'NpNnN3 fj^NO^N v'^y\ d:jSn yu 'Sj; 
DijbN n'Ji' nj;ioDD3 njer p nty Ni'N 
IN S»N '^Np NO n'm rj?No'?N yx£^ 
pj:7N niD-i p pn3D pN ina q^tn 
h^iipN ino ana in ns 7Np no n»m 
pN ins 7J;; Sxp NiNi npn'^N p pJD 
riiD7N n:;3 'ODn' anv -)');tyi rUD 
•^no p ma n^DO *3 nSs ^Vi pj^oi 
V2Nip'7N jN Nin n);n SpN on mnno 
:;nijn n^n-iN '^^n niN n-nj p QDpjn 
n'^sy y\yi \'yY\ th' pnpi ninv pnp 
iiDv p7p3 n»3a; n»n' pnpi th' p-ipn 
piny p-)p ini SinSn cDpSx non 

7D1 DV S3 31pn 'hSn r3N-|p7N 'nQ 

js:*? nN'yN7N '21 nnty dni S^i nno 
anp' ''i'^NS nnn^N t3n |*p:n n'^i "rrn 

Qp->;;n jo THNi npiaa nnN mSi;; 
PnSon3 p'onn nSij; 'oon .♦n'^N mi 
'yv nDD cv S^ '^ I'^'i ''^^ '^^'^ 
"VX :^yr\ niSi;^ ♦m n^^n nw2:i 
pn S{y Ton Snpi "ipi3. Su^ Ton 
;?3"iN nno pv Sd nip' n'7N3 D^nnj^n 
pjnn^Ki -jSn p SpN a^i ni^ij; 
nnsy f^oio 'od^ ♦n'^N in rlTNrVN 
'7^; TK? anin lyNi DV Sd nnpn 
nnN S'Ni Dn?y ona j»Ton 'Je^Sn 
Tj;c>i n'7iir NnSs nj;nty n:K^ ♦jn D'2?231 
t]Dio ponn h'^ojSn nini nxanS D'tj; 

pT0n7N by TNT nJN^ UTiU pin 

rfisy); 'niiiN tynin rNn Sa yy 'nSNa 
nnj; ]nd n3D'7N dv tymn tni ^nd 



& turturibus. Immurin autem, feu partium qua" 
rum meminimus, nomen cadit in res illas qu£e 
fuper altari cremantur, e Sacrificiis pro peccato; 
& delifto, & pacificis, qua? eo fe habent, quem 
defcripturus fum, modo. Si fpecies e qua offerun- 
tur Pacifica, bourn fuerit, igne abfumetur de obla- 
tione totum iilud operimentum adipofum quod al- 
vum interius obtegit, nee non renes cum ipforum 
adipe, & jecoris refiduum quod eft extremitas 
quaedam parva e corpore ipfius, inftar poUicis e 
manu, prominens. Eaedem prorfus res creman- 
tur etiam de pacificis quas e fpecie caprina fuerint : 
quod fi de ovilla fuerint, ultra hsc comburitur 
etiam cauda integra una cum vertebris cum ea 
cohjunftis, funtque eae vertebrae inter duo femora 
mediae, quas vocat laniorum vulgus Spinam dorfi. 
Porro res iftas quae de pacificis comburuntur, pro 
ratione fpeciei e qua funt, uti oftendimus, easdem 
prorfus etiam in facrificiis pro peccato & delidio 
igni traduntur fine additione vel detraftione : at- 
que haec omnia appellantur Immurin, i. e. res 
quas cremare jubemur. Uno autem hie prasmiflb, 
pergam ad aliam quandam oblationum diftinftio- 
nem. Dico ergo, ubi dixit Dominus, de ob!a- 
tionibus loquens, Cebes, Cifbah, Cefeb^ aut Ceba- 
ftm, [Agnum, Agnam, vel Agnos,] intelli- 
gendam efle ovem anniculam •, nomen autem Seh;, 
[pecus,] fpeciei tarn ovillas quam caprinas attribui. 
Ubi dicit etiam ■pecus annicula, de ovibus aut ca- 
pris minoribus intelligi ; ubi Ail, a.ut Ailim, [Aries 
vel Arietes,] de eve bimulamafcula; ubi P^r aut 
Parim, [ Juvencum aut Juvencos,] bovem ^ tri- 
mum i ubi autem Egel, [vitulum] anniculum, 
Shair izzifn [hircus caprarum] poft annum hoc 
nomen fortitur. Declaiubuntur haec omnia in 
traftatu Parah, claflis Taharoth. His praemiflis 
dico, Obktiones alio refpedlu in quatuor fpeciesdi- 
vidi, Oblationem ctetus, Oblationem privati, Ob- 
lationem coetus quae fimilis eft oblationi privati, & 
Oblationem privati quas fimilis eft oblationi coetus. 
Primum divifionis membrum, viz. oblatio costus 
eas continet oblationes, quas offerebantur fingulis 
diebus, & fingulis fabbatis, fingulifque menfium 
initiis, & diebus feftis, fine ulla unquam additione 
aut diminutione. Quod quotidie per omnem fe- 
culorum decurfum ofFerebatur, hoc erat : duo 
agni in holocaufta, 'quorum unus mane, alter inter 
duas vefperas [ofFerebatur ;] hi Sacrificium juge, 
abfolute appellantur. His omni Sabbato adde- 
bantur duo etiam agni in holocaufta, qui poft Juge 
matutinum, & ante Juge quod inter duas vefpe- 
ras, ofFerebantur. Ita omni Sabbato offerebantur 
quatuor Holocaufta; nunquam pauciora. Duo 
quas addebantur ilia funt quae Mufaph [i. addita- 
mentum"! Sabbati audiunt. Primo cujuflibet men- 
fis die addebantur duobus Jugibus juvenci duo, 
aries unus, agni anniculi feptem, omnia in holo- 
cautomata ; & hircus caprarum in Sacrificium pro 
peccato : quas omnia appellantur Additamentum 
initii menfis : quia fcil. ultra jugia addebantur: 
ita quolibet novilunio ofi^erebantur duodecim ho- 
locaufta & hircus in Sacrificium pro peccato, non 
pauciora. Quod fi accideret iiiitium menfis die 
Sabbati, erant tum holocautomata numefo qua- 

jNa "jS-i p SpN ib nNm T;^tyi n^ij? 



i'i.— .. ^,tmi . 



iju .^.:J 



ftn nurg. annotati alibi ab eo Bimum diet. 



96 



PORTA M S I S. 



tuordeclmi duO fell. Sacrificia Jugia, duo ag- 
ni Sabbad ^tia additi, & decern ilia quaj no- 
vilunii additamentum funt, cum Hirco in Sa- 
crificium pro peccato, ad idem fpeftante : quae 
omnia quindecim erant res [ofFerendae.] Porro, 
Oblationes Feftorum ita fe habent, ac difertc 
ftatuit Scriptura, viz. Temj)ore fefti azymorum 
per feptem dierum fpatium quotidie ofFerebatur, 
ultra duo jugia, & ultra additamentum Sabbati 
in Sabbato, inftar additamenti Novilunii, fcil. 
duo tauri, aries, feptem agni -, quae omnia decem 
holocaufta conficiunt, & Wrcus in facrificium pro 
peccato : haec in fingulis feptem dierum ofFerenda 
erant. At ultra haec die fefti iftius fecundo, qui 
eft dies agitationis manipuli, agnus in holocau- 
ftum. Die autem Congregationis ofFerebantur, 
ultra jugia, duae Oblationum fpecies, una (in ad- 
ditamentum fc, diei iftius) inflar additamenti 
Novilunii, viz. Duo juvenci, aries, & feptem 
agni in holocautomata, & hircus in facrificium 
pro peccato. Altera, cum duobus panibus of- 
ferenda, prout in textu declaratum, fcil. Ju ven- 
ous, duo Arietes, & feptem Agni, omnia in ho- 
locaufta, Hircus in Sacrificium pro peccato, & 
duo agni in pacifica. Ita eorum quae die Congre- 
gationis ofi^erebantur fumma erat, agni quatuor- 
decim in holocaufta j agni duo in pacifica ; tres 
tauri, ut & tres arietes in holocaufta ; duo hirci 
in facrificium pro peccato; omnia numero viginti 
quatuor. Die primo anni, ultra jugia, & addi- 
tamentum novilunii jam memorata, ofFereban- 
tur juvencus, aries, & feptem agni in holacau- 
fta, cum hirco caprarum in facrificium pro pec- 
cato. Die jejunii expiationis ofFerebat ccetus ju- 
vencum, arietem, & feptem agnos, omnia holo- 
caufta, hircum in facrificium pro peccato, pror- 
fus inftar additamenti initii anni, nee non hir- 
cum alium in facrificium pro peccato (is cui ea- 
dem forte confociatus erat hircus «7ro7ro/x7rou©') 
qui ea quam defcribit Scriptura, ratione comburen- 
dus erat. Die primo fefti Tabemaculorum, ultra 
jugia, ofFerebantur boves tredecim, arietes duo, ag- 
ni quatuordecim, holocautomata omnes ; hircus in 
facrificium pro peccato : omnia ofFerenda numero 
triginta. Eodem modo fe habebat cujuflibet e fep- 
tem diebus Fefti, oblatio, viz. duo arietes, agni 
quatuordecim, hircus in facrificium pro peccato : 
de juvencorum autem numero fingulis diebus 
detrahebantur finguli, adeo ut diei feptimi ob- 
latio eflet juvenci feptem, arietes duo, agni qua- 
tuordecim, omnes in holocaufta, cum hirco in fa- 
crificium pro peccato : omnium fumma viginti 
quatuor. Die odavo ofFerebatur, ultra jugia, ju- 
vencus, aries, feptem agni ; omnes holocaufta j 
& hircus in oblationem pro peccato. Oblationes 
iftae, quas diximus conflitutis iftis diebus oblatas 
fuifle, appellantur Additamentum diei [iftius,] 
quia fc. die ifto ofFerebantur ultra duo jugia. 
Quod fi contingeret quemlibet dierum iftorum cum 
Sabbato coincidere, offerebatur additamentum diei 
poft additamentum Sabbati ; adeo ut fi dies anni 
primus eflet Sabbatum, ofFerrent primo juge ma- 
tutinumj dein additamentum Sabbati; acpoftea ad- 
ditamentum novilunii ; ac poft illud additamentum 
diei ; dein ultimo loco juge inter duas vefperas 
ofFerendum. Hanc autem regulam obferva, quae 
& poftea Cap. decimo Zebacbim elucidabitur. Hse 



flDT^D "!C^'?N1 nDE? ^^&> Dȣ^3D '^n 

flDio n^Dj |o nxon nwi cTin c?xi 

nj?2D7K 710 r\r^r2r\ jn dn*k ♦o J}< -i'tVi 

jNSnj) rirsm tr^Di imn "jrn pmn e*N-i 
nsDH "y^m ryh'sy rrwyha nh'^d 

jn DN'N \D ':Nn"7K dvSn 's -jSn '"^y 
pD noi;^n r\f^:^Ty dv ini mvon 

trmn t'\r\ fjoio. '?no Dvn ^^dio ini 
DniPNi riNiDn^ ^'>^'\ niSip khSs 

nam -y^^ ni^ir s^n'^D o'c-od 

iNTn fln'^ni D'oSu^ I'Siijii rxhr^j 
I'rrri NiTK my lyNDD rinSni nT^i^r 
NVDty \^'\1:})}^ h;ri-iN* "^ riSoj nmn 

Dtijpn 'iSk tymn trN-i tjoioi VTcnS^ 
NnbD D'ly^s n;?3tyi S'ki -13 m^ 
DV;; DV 'Oi nNtonS ory •v;;£,n niSi^r 

'7110 DNon 'v;;tr'i mSiy nh'^d D'a^ia 

anpn ^^iSx pn NQ3 p-irv, -vji^irSx Nnm 

nNDn*? '^yv^ m*7i;7 nhSd xaviii -irjr 
in NiDm 'piix^ii j^Kisyx'^K "nj; riVoi 
♦Jty 'J];k jnn »o» ni^ac^ {o ov Ss tnnp 
MKjpn •vj;iyi D'tt^^D ityj; nj^n-iNi D'*??? 
Dv'73 -THNi arm)^ |*pj;t] d'-iijSk nqx 
n WK^ D'-i3 j;aND^K dvSn pip ♦j' »nn 
Nn73 -iry rivn-iK d^it^d D'Jty D'Sk 
nraiK ri'^om* nNon -yym nibijr 
2-ip» ionhSn dvSn* '31 "NvjRy |nty;?i 
nratyi S\si ns p'onSs 'S;^ tni 
nKon^ 'V)^2?i niSi]; ><nSD O'syaa 
:npn xnix i^nDvnSN rasnpSN rnm 

"]7i Dnpn KnjK7 pvn tioio ♦oonn 

qmo 3lp riDD DV NHJO DV 'N pipl 

lyN"! |N3 Nix 'nn nacr fipiD ny^ Dvn 
M71K naip' DHJNS nioSx DV njc^n 
m;;3'i nair tiDio m)?ni -inu^ Sty "r^on 
Dvn fjDio m;;Di tymn ujn tioio 
bflnKS DO-i;rn p3'?5y n»on iVi trm 

'HI pN'^DND mavn mjDip ^n NJini 

I funt 



t<S"i -inn K':' t<io'f<T ^y^ '^"^^ 

rNi Dps nn^r "^^^ '^^ "^'^ °'°^^ 
niiD-^p '3 iKi ^^':'i'>< °^^ i^i^''^ D'*? 
"73^ 'n"7N ♦J;^}^ n^*•o^^^f T">^ ■'i^^'"' 



P R T ^ M S I S, 



97 



funt in genere, oblationes coetus, quseque con- 
tinue fine additione aut detraftione ofFerebantur » 
eaque omnes Sabbatum loco pellebant, & im- 
munditiem, prout in traftatu Pefachim oftenfum 
eft. Jam autem tibi notum eft, non cfle inter ob- 
lationes coetus, Pacifica, duobus tantum diei Con- 
gregationis agnis exceptis, nee inter ea omnino efle 
Sacrificium pro Delido, & ex oblationibus coetus 
yyV "im >inn'p3 p"'nn 'n'7N1 t<nr>p3 duas efle fpecies facrificiorum pro peccato, qua- 
♦Ji^nVx yii'^SI mn") aniDOn OV 7ty rum fc. unius refiduum comedebatur, alterius cre- 
Qj^,jjpj^ PQQj, DDpi' TH* \yV ■''"'"' "^^b^^"'' » cujufmodi erat hircus diei expiationis 

D-ID TP'S.'^ oS» iN SnSn DDp^N t^"*""^- . , ^ u, • „ . . 

lldl. i_,.n ■»* nSva* SvQ »'- V ^^^^"^^ fecunda, qua; eft oblatio Pnvati, qum- 

rr>Y ^V I^J .^,fj^L71-nn-^^J, quefariam dividitur. Primo, cum tenetur pri- 

•hiJ .pnp nOrV IN ;:Nn'7K □DpbKI ^^^3 ^blatione ob fadum aliquod quod patrave- 

DDp'^NI^ ^^Jl/^l^L" ... 2u!]Il?. "*' ^"* ^^""^^ *!"* protulerit. Secundo, cum in- 

"'**""* *"*"" *^' cumbat ipfi oblatio ob ftatum aliquem [corporis] 
qui ipfi contigerit. Tertio, cum ob aliquid quod 
facultatibus ipfius contigerit, ofFerenda ipfi fit. 
Quarto, ciim temporis alicujus noti periodus illam 



DONdSn DDpSxi □I'^yO (NOT S"l^n3 



nSit fliN J^OD "1.13 SinSn DDp^K ab ipfo ofFerri requirat. _ Quinto, cum fe fponte 
A^.^l". .^ ^ — i^u.. _.^..u.. ' ... ad illam ofFerendam obligat. Prima harlim Claffis 



mmo Sin '3 Tiy no % rn^^Sni rino 
n.t':!? »-rj?n \n nsb'' kS rin'^n t<njo 
Spr IN HOD HDD *-7Ci; jo ♦m r^^^P 
■]Ti fi^)? Nio npi fl"1J0 IN |NnD7N 
n:o:Di nv-iin riDDO ^0 'JNhbN '3 
rihNSnSN ri'pai ninnD Sin '3 t<>f'N 



eo fe habet quern defcripturus fiim modo, viz. 
Cum Excidii caufe, quarum in lege fit mentio, tri- 
ginta fex fint, prout primo Traftatus Ceritoth [de 
Excidiis] Capite enumeratae fiant, harum tres fimt, 
in quibus qui tranfgreflus fuerit nulla tenetur ob- 
latione, viz. qui Pafcha tempore fiio celebrare 

,»,.■.......,.■—. - ....._ - -- - - neglexerit, qui circumcifionem omiferit, & blaf- 

?tinN1 h^ t<njO ''1^r\ p Sd |»liN7nl phemus (cujus rei caufam oftendimus Capite fe- 
*^n "W INT ]~lN:on \y\ri nOtS JJ1E^3 cundo Tradatus Horaioth^ atque infiiper primo 
»"lSn Dl^N norS Sor dS in SOI^ Capite CmVo/^ explicaturi fijmus,) reliquarum 
j^L j_,^j^j3 YSynpi lynpO J^OtSO no verd trigmta tnbus qmcunque in una aliqua per 
rs/ I ui^j K^ i|^i w i|^r. iT^f-uw I J errorem peccaverit, Sacnficmm pro peccato oiFerre 

tenetur, vel, fi dubitaverit feccrit necne, Sacrifi- 
cium pro delifto dubium, excepto eo qui Sanc- 
tuarium & facra ipfius polluerit: Neque enim ille 
ob ignorantiam facrificio ob delidlum dubio tene- 
tur, uti Cap. primo Ceritoth declarabitur. Jam 



K03 'iVn DC'N rmn i<h ^ norV 
run riSoJ pi mn^D Sin '3 r^n* 
♦fl d6» 'hSn 2in I'nNShi niiN7n7N 
mis;; Niiji nod \2y nhjo ihni '^a 
fisx ^coN vtyipi c^npo Notooi nnr 



fihINnSN njJ2?S.S '3 y^ hSn p"<pSN "^^^^ ^ numero peccatorum iftorum triginta trium, 

Jn f]5fN N0D3 nmo^N .Tin nnN '3 "'^ """"'" -'"'-— '"'--•^-■■— 

mr miD;? '3 jju; titSn Nin |N3 

nNon'? nnic^ na ?y iwha anp'S 

IN tarnn in "|So th'^^n N"in jnd ♦id 

E?npo riNOiD '3 jjiy ti<i rv^o ihd 

cny nT;?tt^, IN ,nac^3 Dnp'3 v«;ipi 



ob quorum fingula debetur facrificium, fuqt Ido- 
lolatria, & qui Sanduarium & res ejus facras pol- 
luerit. Ratio autem Sacrificii ob errorem qui in 
horum prasceptorum aliquo contigerit, eo fe ha- 
bet, quem defcripturus fum, modo. Si privatus 
ifte per errorem in IdoJolatria peccaverit, tum qui 

— ■* .- ■•,»-,-•. - V - t' r *t^ erravit, capram anniculam in oblationem pro 

SnhSn ^ih ")Ti by mp' Ch IN3 peccato ofFeret, five fuerit privatus ifte Rex, five 
"irtN niV 'J3 'i!y in Onin ^nV 3lp'3 Idiota, five Sacerdos undus ; quod fi in pollu- 
3"lp'3 "hn \V ^ii IND nSOn nnNl n^lj; ^^°^^ Sanftuarii aut rerum ejus facrarura erraverit, 
NS'N 'IDT rj^N iO N^D n3'Nn nn'iy;^ ^""^ °v^"^ ^"^ capram grandiorem -, quod fi hoc 
iN-lbO WbN IND HJJU^Sn ."Tin '3 prae facultatum tenuitate non poterit, tum turtu- 

" III J" . J ^. ..^ . ... ,As,^-, '^'"» aut pullorum columbinorum par ofFeret, 

nmba ™D ;N1 n^m^rp Mi DVm ^^^^^^^ in holocauftum, altemm in facrificium 
'33 n'pN:}7N 2n |'nN7n7.^ THN '3 p^ peccato ; vel fi nee hoc afl'equi potuerit, tum 
(NOiK 0'JJlti'7N |0 O'Dpn^N y\y "pi decimam Eph^e partem, prout in textu exprefle 
TND \D Tn» NnjO THNI '3 JJSy 'tSn mandatum. Atque in hoc etiam erroris [genere] 
DJ/0 DN^dSn nNOD ♦i'7N ini DNJSn eadem eft ratio errantis, five Rex fuerit, five 
HDpJ IN Cty r~nyV nOf'7'3 V*"lNn Wiota, five Sacerdos un<5tus. Quod fi erratum 
ini NT: IND INI r-INDnS |NVn p ^"^"'^ ^" ^''1"° reliquorum triginta & unius pec- 
D1p'3 1PN mON p13 D'"? n^N iSoSn *^^'^°''"'"' '" ^° difcrepantia inter errantes ftatuitur. 

n'tvo IHD :iJitpbN iN3 iNi Q'tr nw f 'f"" t 'u ^^'""^ '^^T T-T^' ?"''''''? 

_!.,I,_ »n'-J w .■> I w > rj/ w fyg^jj g vulgo hommum, qualem Scriptura [unumj 

3 riJ -n ^ri/N lD'Nl{y7N ^7^^ e populo terras appellat, tenetur ille hirco capra- 

*1pD P "13 S'^p'S mmn p 'JNh7N rum, vel ove foemina in Sacrificium pro peccato : 

quod fi Princeps fuerit, viz. Rex qui fummum obtinet imperium, ofFeret Ille hircum caprarum. 

i>n Sacerdos undus, & ob eas quK Capite fecundo Horaioth recenfentur conditiones, offeietur Ju* 

B b vencu3 



98 



PORTA M S I S. 



vencus filius bovis in Sacrificium pro peccato ; 
idemque juxta expreflk Scripturae verba cotnbure- 
tur : auditque ifte Juvencus qui omnium tnandato- 
Tum gratia offer tur. 

Porro ex oblationibus privati eft etiam ilk, qua 
tenetur fi tranfgreflus rem habuerit cum ancilla 
defponfata. Quincunque enim fuerit, five per 
errorem, five ex fuperbia peccaverit, arietem of- 
ferre tenetur [in oblationem] pro delifto, quas 
[Piaculwn] pro deliiio manifejlb appellatur ; nee 
Piacuhm pro deliSio ancilU. 



Mini nxanV 



p NOD p-in* -isSk 

Sd ^y N3n -ID 'DDn* Nim rj^N* 

nann nnatr hdxj n;;n7N •''->): rh 

♦aorri 'Nm d^'k im oirx ya nr^h 

|0 *]7"iDi nann nnse^ oe^n Nv»i< 

n:Kfl c'Tpnn \n nona nitya njnj 

'ODn* im DcfN S'n norSn "^ro 



non, I'laculumpro delitto analU. Similiter qui . .^_ ... 

e re facra numuli valore utilitatem ceperit, tranf- nStm ~?^-l•^ -nnAT LwV .l.»i^ ...* . » 

greflus eft, & arietem pro delido ofFeVre tenetur, "^f ?. '^^^ ^;X, ^u' ^ ^'^ ^^ ^t 

qui P/«.«/«;« /r««^rc/.«;i nominatur ; ea fcilicet E^j! V '°^- C ^"'^ **^ '^"'P™ ^^^ 

conditione, fi per errorem peccaverit ; quod Cx fu- \^y P ♦JNn':>N '3 NJ'3 N03 inii'npa 

perbe egerit, non tenetur piaculo tranfgreflionis ; v*'^^'^ nj^lDDI tV^^^n fl^n^e^ -jViSl 

quod facrum eft enim non polluitur cum quis ex ''^ -^^^^^ f^D 'ID. lijn NiN pip nOf"?* 

luperbia peccat, fed fanditatem fuam retinet, uti rH/TlD fQ ♦Jhfli'^N '3 I*DJ K03 TfO 

Cap. fecundo Traft. Kiddujbim oftendimus. Simi- iTpiD^ tsT\ '3 ON'tSn DIdSn ^{,*^^f 

liter in juramento, tam ad teftimonium adhiben- VCHpl EHpO NCDO '^no IHa niTVT 

dum, quam de pignore, tenetur oblatione, tam ri;^"i2{y ȣ) DfN'^SN jDnp'^N NONl v|D 



qui per errorem, quam qui ex fiiperbia pejera- ^« f,Sf~. ».^f,L« -J,, *„ ._,, ,.^^^-, 

verit; quemadmodumC. fecundo Trad. Ceritoth XIZ^ 'l]P^^^^=^' f« ^'^^ nT?[^ 

oftenfurifumus. Oblationis autem ob perjurium J;';'* 7 ''^31 DC^N ^♦K inD NHjlKn nyj 

in teftimonio perhibendo eadem prorfus eft ratio "H^ ^^^^ }5nnDK 'l^< NniNH tprx\ p^y 

quje [oblatae] ab eo qui Sanftuarium ejufque fa- |]/ "^Jl na'^fl JO IN riD^S^ |0 N7K0 



era polluerit. At in juramento de pignore', viz. n70NpZ3 »a HiDJ DJ IK flDi'Jl DVJ JO 15* 

ciim pignus [apud fe depofitum] denegans falfo HVai H'TJ? f'r\J?D7N SnoSn "iSt IDiKI 

de eo juraverit, oblatio eft aries pro delido of- *|Ti ♦'tj; t17ni niJlSx (Tin TptK tO 

ferendus. Similiter cum aliquid furatus falfb ju- 'ODD' Nim DtyN '^♦N "!niS» 

raverit i aut fi jus alicui fit ad facultates quae pe- ' ' '' 

nes ipfum fuerint, five ob confortium, five de- 
perditum ab ipfo repertum, five ah'quid vi abla- 



JJity |Kj hSd -fn 'a noi r-n*7u otyK 
N03"! c]'?n njo cde^nSn nor?* nno ik 
[kdjk'^x lijn K-ixi Nop i7DNn 'a 



turn, five quodfraudein commercib ufus, de- ^'^-'« -""^ ^ u" «7«i KOp J7DNn 'a NJO 

tinuerit bona ifta, qua: reddere tenetur, in horum ^"'^ i^T '"^^'^ '^P^'^^ '"ji^a n^^iai:^ 

generum aliquo, fi detiegaverit, idque adhibito VC^'^pl t^^pO N0p07 DTN^^N XTfpb^^ 

juramento, oiferendus eft illi aries ob deliftum, nOTN'?'!'N miaip^N n?OJ 'n Tr\TV\ 

qui Piaculum furti appellatur. Ac eadem eft "^Ipa IN '^^•aa iii ^U;a NHN 'wih'} 
\n his omnibus ratio, five per errorem, five per :DDpb»N. Nin '3 NJODD NO h)J 

fuperbiam peccantis i tenetur enim facrificio pro t^'^ j^-^p nOfS' |N '"'NhSn □D'^'^NI 

juramentum temerarium per errorem protulerit, 
iacrificium ei offerendum incumbit, quale ei qui 
Sanftuarium ejufque facra polluerit. Atque base 
pblationum, quibus obnoxius eft privatus quis, 
iibi peccatum fafto aut dido commiferit, juxta 
partitionem hujus generis, fumma eft. 

Claflis fecunda eft, ciim alicui incumbit Ob- 
latio ob eorum aliquid quibus afFeftum eft cor- 
pus : viz. fi gonorrhoea laboraverit, fi lepra cor- 
reptus, aut fi mortui conta(5hi pollutus fuerit 
J^azireatum profeflus, qui perinde eft five per 

n contn