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Full text of "Pentagon Papers"

Declassified per Executive Order 13526, Section 3.3 
NND Project Number: NND 63316. By: NWD Date: 2011 



FINAL REPORT OSD 
Vietnam Task Force & Index 












Declassified per Executive Order 13526, Section 3.3 
NND Project Number: NND 63316. By: NWD Date: 201 1 









EXECUTIVE SECRETARIAT 


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ACTION 








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INFORMATION 


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REMARKS 



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T. L. ELIOT, JR 



X 22540 



R. H. MILLER 



X23126 



R. T. CURRAN 



X 28 448 



Declassified per Executive Order 13526, Section 3.3 
NND Project Number: NND 63316. By: NWD Date: 201 1 






SecDef/CCS Regrading Action // 35-71 



OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE RECRADING ACTION 



DATE 



23 June 1971 



from: Top Secret Control Officer, SecDef/Classified Control Section, Room 3A%3, The 
Pentagon, Washington, D. C. 20301 



T0: State Department, ATTENTION: Document Control/Security Officer, Washington D C 
20520 






DOCUMENT 
{Type, Oliicc oi Origin, Date, Subject) 



[Memorandum for the Secretary of Defense, 
Thru: ASD/ISA and DASD(Policy Planning and 
Arms Control), OASD(lSA), From Chairman, QSD 
Task Force /s/ Leslie H. Gelb, dated 15 
January 1969, Subject: Final Report, 0SD 
Vietnam Task Force (U) w/1 Inclosure: ::::::: 



3ecDefControl# 
X-0295/69 



TNCLOSURE # 1 : 



Document, Subject: 0SD Vietnam Task 
Force Outline of Studies (U), dtd 10 January 

1969- 



///////////NOTHING FOLLOWS/////////////////// 



CONTROL 

* • • «• • ■■* •-• —. 

n umotrv 



r? 



Document was forwarded to both Mr. Bundy and Jltr 
If you have any questions concerning this regra 
SFC William C. Holzer, US Army, Chief Clerk, I 
The Pentagon. Phone: 0X-76131 .■ 




Katzenback 
ding action 
ecDef/Classifi 



CLASSIFICATION 



CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 



In 1969 
ease contact 
d Control Section, Rm3A94.8, 



PP- 



REGRAOED TO 



UNCLASSIFIED 

WHEN separate: 

FROM INCL0S' 



REMAINS 
CONFIDENTIAL 



DEPARTMEI 



1 1 



IL 1 



V 







OFFICE OF S 



STATE 

1971 

feCURITY 



The document(s) listed above has/have bean regraded and action should be taken to mark copies furnished your office. It i 
quested that you notify all recipients to whom additional distribution was furnished. 



s re- 



T. B. EDWARDS, MAJ, USA, Top Secret Control Officer 




c^X- 



t. 



' C 




■&s 




Printed or typed name of oiftcial 



Signature 



S\\ FOR* 
\J 1 MAY 



60 




Q 4 4 7 B 3 












Declassified per Executive Order 13526, Section 3.3 
NND Project Number: NND 63316. By: NWD Date: 201 1 




UNITED STATES - VIETNAM RELATIONS 



1945 



1967 




VIETNAM TASK FORCE 



U U< > 




















OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE 



S£f * /3 



TOP SECRET - SEMSITIVE[ 






Declassified per Executive Order 13526, Section 3.3 
NND Project Number: NND 63316. By: NWD Date: 201 1 



FINAL REPORT - OSD Task Force, Vietnam 



INDEX 



S©5 



Brf Cor* tr. * 






Declassified per Executive Order 13526, Section 3.3 
NND Project Number: NND 63316. By: NWD Date: 2011 




[ • * ■ ' ' ■* 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE 

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20301 



\ 



15 January 19&9 



MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE 

THROUGH: Mr. Paul C. Warnke, ASD/lSA 

Dr. Morton H. Halperin, DASD/Policy Planning and Arms Control/lSA 

« 

SUBJECT: Final Report, OSD Vietnam Task Force 

On June 17, 19^7 > Secretary Robert S. McNamara directed that a Task Force 
be formed to study the history of United States involvement in Vietnam 
from World War II to the present. Mr. McNamara 1 s guidance was simply to 
do studies that were "encyclopedic and objective." With six full-time 
professionals assigned to the Task Force, we were to- complete our work in 
three months. A year and a half later, and with the involvement of six 
times six professionals, we are finally done to the tune of thirty-seven 
studies and fifteen collections of documents contained in forty-three volumes. 

In the beginning, Mr. McNamara gave the Task Force full access to OSD files, 
and the Task Force received access to CIA materials, and some use of State 
Department cables and memoranda. We had no access to White House files. 
Our guidance prohibited personal interviews with any of the principal partici- 
pants. 

The result was not so much a documentary history, as a history based solely 
on documents -- checked and rechecked with ant -like diligence. Pieces of 
paper, formidable and suggestive by themselves, could have meant much or 'nothing 
Perhaps this document was never sent anywhere, and perhaps that one, though 
commented upon, was irrelevant. Without the memories of people to tell us, 
we were certain to make mistakes. Yet, using those memories might have been 
misleading as well. This approach to research was bound to lead to distortions, 
and distortions we are sure abound in these studies. 

To bring the documents to life, to fill in gaps, and just to see what the 
"outside world" was thinking, we turned to newspapers, periodicals, and books. 
We never used these sources to supplant the classified documents, but only to 
supplement them. And because these documents, sometimes written by very clever 
men who knew so much and desired to say only a part and sometimes written very 
openly but also contradictorily, are not immediately self -revealing or self- 
explanatory, we tried both to have a number of researchers look at them and 
to quote passages liberally. Moreover, when we felt we could be challenged 
with taking something out of context, we included the whole paper in the 
Documentary Record section of the Task Force studies (Parts V and VI. A and B). 
Again seeking to fend off inevitable mistakes in interpretation and context, 
what seemed to us key documents were reviewed and included in several over- 
lapping in substance, but separate, studies. 

* ^ UNCLASSIFIED 

r ' ' ^ " V : " V ' " ■ ' • - ^ 1 WHEN SEPARATED FROM 

ENCLOSURE , 



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Declassified per Executive Order 13526, Section 3.3 
NND Project Number: NND 63316. By: NWD Date: 201 1 



•• •» -i 



The people who worked on the Task Force were superb — uniformly "bright and 
interested,, although not always versed in the art of research. We had a 
sense of doing something important and of the need to do it right. Of course, 
we all had our prejudices and axes to grind and these shine through clearly 
at times, "but we tried, we think, to suppress or compensate for them. 

These outstanding people came from everywhere- -the military services, State, 
OSD, and the "think tanks." Some came for a month, for three months, for 
six months, and most were unable, given the unhappiness of their superiors, 
to finish the studies they began. Almost all the studies had several authors, 
each heir dutifully trying to pick up the threads of his predecessor. In all, 
we had thirty-six professionals working on these studies, with an average of 
four months per man. 

The quality, style and interest of the studies varies considerably. The 
papers in Parts I, II, III, and IV. A, concerning the years 19^5 to 1961 tend 
to be generally non-startling- -although there are many interesting tidbits. 
Because many of the documents in this period were lost or not kept (except 
for the Geneva Conference era) we had to rely more on outside resources. 
From 1961 onwards (Parts IV. B and C and VI. C), the records were bountiful, 
especially on the first Kennedy year ..in office, the Diem coup, and on the 
subjects of the deployment of ground forces, the decisions surrounding the 
bombing campaign against Worth Vietnam, US-GVN relations, and attempts at 
negotiating a settlement of the conflict. 

Almost all the studies contain both a Summary and Analysis and a Chronology. 
The chronologies highlight each important event or action in the monograph 
by means of date, description, and documentary source. The Summary and 
Analysis sections, which I wrote, attempt to capture the main themes and 
facts of the monographs --and to make some judgments and speculations which 
may or may not appear in the text itself. The monographs themselves stick, 
by and large, to the documents and do not tend to be analytical. 

Writing history, especially where it blends into current events, especially 
where that current event is Vietnam, is a treacherous exercise. We could 
not go into the minds of the decision-makers, we were not present at the 
decisions, and we often could not tell whether something happened because 
someone decided it, decided against it, or most likely because it unfolded 
from the situation. History, to me, has been expressed by a passage from 
Herman Melville's Moby Dick where he writes: "This is a world of chance, 
free will, and necessity -- all interweavingly working together as one; 
chance by turn rules either and has the last featuring blow at events." 
Our studies have tried to reflect this thought; inevitably in the organizing 
and writing process, they appear to assign more and less to men and free 
will than was the case. 




~W-$G*r 



End - Outline of Studies HESLIE H. GELB 

Chairman, OSD Task Force 

" ,' ."UNCLASSIFIED 

♦ . ' ' L,,t-. . ;*« i i jjwhen separated from 

2 ENCLOSURE*. 



Declassified per Executive Order 13526, Section 3.3 
NND Project Number: NND 63316. By: NWD Date: 201 1 




Declassified per Executive Order 13526, Section 3.3 
NND Project Number: NND 63316. By: NWD Date: 201 1 



1/10/69 






OSD VIETNAM TASK FORCE 



OUTLINE OF STUDIES 



INDEX (1 Vol.) 



I. Vietnam and the U.S., 1940-1950 (l Vol.) / 

A. U.S. Policy, 1940-50 

B. The Character and Power of the Viet Minh 

C. Ho Chi Minh: Asian Tito? 



1 



1 Vol.)/ 



II. U.S. Involvement in the Franco-Viet Minh War, 1950-1954 (l Vol.) 

A. U.S., France and Vietnamese Nationalism 

B. Toward a Negotiated Settlement 

III. The Geneva Accords (l Vol.) / 

A. U.S. Military Planning and Diplomatic Maneuver 

B. Role and Obligations of State of Vietnam 

C. Viet Minh Position and Sino-Soviet Strategy 

D. The Intent of the Geneva Accords 

IV. Evolution of the War (26 Vols.) 

A, U.S. MAP for Diem: The Eisenhower Commitments, 1954-1960 (5 Vols.) 

1. NATO and SEATO: A Comparison >/ , 

2. Aid for France in Indochina, 1950-54^ 

3. U.S. and France 1 s Withdrawal from Vietnam, 1954-56 */ 

4. U.S. Training of Vietnamese National Army, 1954-59 S . 
5 • Origins of the Insurgency y 

B., Counter insurgency: The Kennedy Commitments, I96I-I963 (5 Vols.) 

1. The Kennedy Commitments and Programs, 1961^ 

2. Strategic Hamlet Program, 1961-63 v 

3. The Advisory Build-up, 1961-67 S / 
k. Phased Withdrawal of U.S. Forces in Vietnam, 1962-64 ^ 

5. The Overthrow of Ngo Dinh Diem, May-Nov. 1963 V 

C. Direct Action: The Johnson Commitments, 1964-1968 (l6 Vols.) 

1. U.S. Programs in South Vietnam, November 1963 -April 1965:>/' 
NSAM 273 -- NSAM 288 — Honolulu 
.. 2. Military Pressures Agains^NVN (3 Vols.) 

a. February - June 1964 * 

b. July - October 1964 / 






c. November - December 1964 V 
3. ROLLING THUNDER Program Begins: January - June 1965 



/ 



; 
l^ii ua ;. . .,-.. - fa ijf u. 



Declassified per Executive Order 13526, Section 3.3 
NND Project Number: NND 63316. By: NWD Date: 201 1 



| 



•/.- • 



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■ 



Hi 



6. 



7. 

8. 
9- 



10. 



Marine Combat Units Go to DaNang, March 1965 • 

Phase I in the Build-Up of U.S. Forces: March - July 1965 * 
U.S. Ground Strategy and Force Deployments: 1965 - 1967 (3 Vols.) 
a. Volume I: Phase II, Program 3> Program k S 
h . Volume • II : Program 5 "^ 

c. Volume III: Program 6 / 

Air War in the North: 1965 - 1968 (2 Vols) 

a. Volume I •/ 

b . Volume II S 

Re-emphasis on Pacification: I965-I967 ^ 
U.S.-GVN Relations (2 Vols.) 

a. Volume 1: December 1963 - June 1965^ 

b. Volume 2: July 1965 - December 1967^ 

Statistical Survey of the War, North and South: I965 - 1967 / 



V. Justification of the War (ll Vols.) 
A. Public Statements (2 Vols.) 



Volume I: A- 

B- 
C- 

Volume II: D- 



-The Truman Administration 
-The Eisenhower Administration 
-The Kennedy Administration 
-The Johnson Administration 




B. Internal Documents (9 Vols.) 

1. The Roosevelt Administration 

2. The Truman Administration: (2 Vols.) 

a. Volume I: 19!*. 5 -1924.9 "S 

b. Volume II: I95O-I952 ^ 

3. The Eisenhower Administration: (k Vols.) 

a. Volume I: 1953 / 

"b. Volume II: 195^-Geneva / 

c . Volume III : Geneva Accords - 15 March 1956 *^ 

d. Volume IV: 1956 French Withdrawal - i960 "S 
k. The Kennedy Administration (2 Vols.) 

Book I y 

Book II y 



VI. Settlement of the Conflict (6 Vols.) 

A. Negotiations, 1965-67: The Public Record 



y 



B. Negotiations, 1965-67: Announced Position Statements v/ 



C. Histories of Contacts (k Vols.) 



1. 
2. 

3. 

k. 



1965-1966 

Polish Track v^ 

Moscow-London Track \/ 

1967-1968 y 




W-Wtfr 



LESLIE H. GELB 
Chairman, OSD Task Force 









T 



■ 



n n n 

■ 




Declassified per Executive Order 13526, Section 3.3 
NND Project Number: NND 63316. By: NWD Date: 201 1