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Full text of "Thetford academy, Thetford, Vermont. Seventy-fifth anniversary and reunion. Thursday, June 28, 1894"

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THETFORD ACADEMY. 



1819 1894 

THETFORD ACADEMY, 

THETFORD, VERMONT. 



SEVENTY-FIFTH ANNIVERSARY 



AND 



REUNION. 

Thursday, June 28, 1894. 



EDITED BY 

GEN. JOHN EATON. 



CONCORD, N. H.: 

Printed by the Republican Press Association, 

1895. 



COMMITTEE OF ALUMNI ON REUNION. 



Vermont — Hon. J. S. Morrill, George S. Worcester, Esq., 
Miss Margaret Fletcher, Miss Kate L. Dodge. 

New Hampshire — Hon. Ira Colby, Prof. T. W. D. Worthen, 
Mrs. S. A. Cobb, Mrs. H. S. Currier. 

Massachusetts — Hon. H. J. Boardman, Miss Eliza P. Hood, 
Mrs. I. B. Swift, Mrs. A. M. Clough. 

Rhode Island — Hon. T. W. Bicknell. 

Connecticut — Rev. William S. Palmer, D. D. 

New York — Wilson Palmer, Esq. 

Washington, D. C. — Gen. John Eaton. 



COMMITTEE OF TRUSTEES. 



Thomas W. Bicknell, 145 William Street, Providence, R. I. 
Prof. Thomas W. D. Worthen, Hanover, N. H. 
George S. Worcester, Thetford, Vt. 



^ 



1501 



It is natural that both those who were present at the Thetford 
Academy seventy-fifth anniversary and those who were not, 
should desire what is reported as nearly as possible as it 
occurred — a plain, unvarnished tale — therefore the day's pro- 
ceedings are given in their order. 

The first price named for the pamphlet would not, on the 
orders given, cover the cost of printing, and would not war- 
rant the publication. The price now named will barely do 
this, postage to be added. Fortunately the lowest prices have 
been secured for engraving and printing of illustration and text. 
There has been no fund to draw upon. All the work of prepar- 
er ing for the anniversary and that of preparing the record has 
-^ been performed without compensation. The extended corre- 
spondence by different ones has been no little expense. The 
^. reward must be the pleasure afforded those interested, and the 
^Sl aid which it is hoped may accrue to the renewal of interest in 
"^ the Academy and its enlargement for the future. The fullness 
of "Notes of Doings " varies with the data furnished either by 
g. the persons themselves or by some friendly acquaintance, always 
^ remembering that the whole has been subject to severe reduc- 
".^ tion on account of the limited space allowed. The illustrations 
^ may be said to be an afterthought. One and another expressed 
6 a desire for Dr. Orcutt's picture, those wanted Mr. Hood's, and 
then others were asked for, when, after consideration, it was 
M decided to start a Thetford gallery and include all whose pict- 
' ures would be furnished and the printing paid for either by 

^ themselves or their friends. This entailed delay and a great 
Q amount of correspondence. No one can regret so much as the 
editor that dozens and dozens of others addressed by him, 
,,j. have not responded favorably, or that space and expense have 
'^ so limited the notes attempted. How abundant and rich the 

420840 



material for a history ! The result is before you. In all this 
gathering of personalia there has been the feeling of special 
regret that so little can be given at this time to those loved 
ones who have left the school of life before us. May be, if 
the Academy rises in the future as we hope, there will be those 
personal records and aids which will render this possible. This 
publication can only attempt to be a report of the anniversary 
and of the personal doings furnished by those who have taken 
a greater or less degree of interest in it. Without this aid, the 
roll of the fourteen hundred students still alive would be im- 
possible. Brief and imperfect as it is, how many memories it 
will revive ! how many friendships renew ! May it all bring fruit 
in the renewed and prolonged vigor of the Academy. 

The Editor. 



HOW IT CAME ABOUT. 



The survival of Thetford Academy, substantially without an 
endowment, through all depressions and vicissitudes, is under 
God a triumph of wisdom, devotion, and sacrifice. The story 
of the efforts of those who have stood by it can never be told. 
In their prayers and efforts they turned to the multitudes of 
former students. Several years ago George S. Worcester, Esq., 
consulted with Dr. S. C. Bartlett, president of Dartmouth col- 
lege, and later, at his own expense, went to Boston to confer 
with Hon. Messrs. Hood and Boardman, Drs. Orcutt and Bick- 
nell, and others. They encouraged his efforts and the result 
was Dr. Bicknell accepted the invitation to deliver an address 
at the closing exercises of the Academy in 1893. Friends began 
to look up lists of former students and solicit their attendance. 
A class of seven graduated. Some old friends gathered and 
letters came from others. All agreed something could and must 
be done. Messrs. Hood, Bicknell, Worthen, Churchill, Farr, 
and others made stirring speeches. Dr. Bicknell threw himself 
into the effort with his usual enthusiasm and read a poem at the 
banquet under the title of " The Old Mill," whose lessons were 
heartily appreciated. Its first and last stanzas were : 

"'Twas only a day or so ago, 
I came by the old stone mill 
Where in boyhood's days I carried my grist. 
But the mill was grinding still. 

Thank God, I said, with all that's changed 

The old stones are grinding still. 
And memory blesses the golden day 

When I carried my grist to mill." 

It was unanimously voted to hold a reunion of former teachers 
and students in 1894. It was noted that Dr. Orcutt and all but 



6 

three of his successors were living, and it was hoped they would 
be present. Mr. Hood, who had been eight years connected with 
the academy as student and teacher, by his presence and en- 
couraging words added much to the strength of the movement. 
Immediately Mr. Worcester and his family began to secure the 
addresses of former students, and the committee led by Dr. 
Bicknell stirred up the enthusiasm by letters and circulars. 



THE DAY. 



Thursday, the 28th of June, 1894, the day appointed for the 
reunion, opened auspiciously. Those who had arrived the night 
before began their personal greetings at dawn. Old buildings 
and places of interest were visited. The arrival of extra coaches 
and private carriages constantly added to the happy multitude. 
Rev. Mr. Slade, a native of the hill, describes the scene. "As 
the hour of 11 a. m. arrived, the time appointed for the reception 
to former teachers in the old Academy Hall, the greetings of 
teachers and pupils was made the freest and heartiest gathering 
of that full day. The recognitions and hand-shakings began in 
front of the Academy and continued on the worn steps and up 
the crooked stairways. When the company finally reached the 
familiar hall and saw the old table and the well known black- 
boards and bell rope, and many of the old seats where their 
backs had ached in unison, it seemed as if the years had fled 
and they were back again at school. Yet old memories came 
so fast, dear faces were there that they loved when they were 
young, and had never ceased to love, and others as dear were 
invisible, whether to laugh or cry they hardly knew. On mo- 
tion of Dr. Bicknell, General Eaton was called to preside, and 
Rev. Wm. S. Palmer, D. D., offered prayer. General Eaton 
guided the introductions and greetings so that the whole occa- 
sion was kept on the glad side of the scales. And all knew 
each other very quickly, though perhaps separated by many 
terms in the life of the school. The old teachers, so far as 
present, each recalled some pleasant memory and gave a word 
of good cheer. Among those present we recall, Mr. F. W. 
Newell, the present principal, J. N. Mallary, Mr. French, 
Wm. S. Hazen, Mr. Hood, and Mr. Cummings, who brought 



his greeting in the evening. When " King Hiram," as the com- 
pany persisted in calling him, though he has many an honorable 
title attached to his name, arose there was such a hubbub as he 
never allowed within those walls. This welcome he returned 
with words so vigorous and full of friendship and good will that 
his old friends were confident he had sometime drunk of the 
fabled fountain of immortal youth. A few of the assistant 
teachers were present. Rev. Charles Caverno, Mrs. Carleton 
Frost, Miss Eliza P. Hood, Prof. Woodworth, Miss Etta F. 
Morse, with the present assistants. Miss Margaret Fletcher and 
Mrs. F. W. Newell. These and many other friends of the 
academy were present whom the genial General compelled at 
least to face the laughing company, while he gave their names 
and a pleasant word of introduction. 

No shorthand notes were taken of the speeches of the day. 
As an illustration of the brief responses in the hall, we are able 
to give the following substance of the remarks by Prof. Wood- 
worth of the University of North Dakota, and of Dr. Caverno 
of Colorado : 

Rev. Charles Caverno, LL. D., of Boulder, Colorado, spoke 
of the delight it gave him, after forty years of absence, to return 
to Thetford, and look once more on the familiar academy build- 
ings and the beautiful hill country round about. It was a joy 
beyond measure to meet some of the pupils with whom he had 
toiled in No. 3, over the rudiments of Latin, Greek, and the 
higher mathematics. It was here that he met her who after- 
wards became his wife, Abbie H. Smith of Waitsfield, who was 
also an assistant teacher during the year Mr. Caverno taught. 
She has gone to the reward of all faithful work here, but not till 
she had seen her children far advanced in their educational 
career. There was a wealth of tender feeling that came to 
him out of the memories of his connection with Thetford Acad- 
emy, which is priceless. 

Prof. H. B. Woodworth of the University of North Dakota at 
Grand Forks, after a happy word of greeting, said : " The thing 
I dreaded most was declamation day, and when it was announced 
that only volunteers would be called upon for the first Wednes- 



9 

day, it was a great relief, for there was a respite of a week at 
least. But alas for my dreams, for forthwith one Hiram Orcutt 
came around (and we all know he was very liable to come around, 
sometimes at unreasonable hours), with a book in his hand. 
He had a piece for me to speak, and so I was compelled to 
volunteer. The declamation began, Mr. President, — 

Happiness is like a crow perched upon the top of a far distant moun- 
tain, which some fisherman vainly strives, to no purpose, to ensnare, etc. 

This did not make me an orator, but it did help me to break 
the ice and helped me to get over my squeamishness. I think 
of no better way to express my thought of the work done by 
this Academy and its honored principal when I was a student 
here. To energize a boy or a young man with the thought that 
he can do something, and because he can he must, and to per- 
suade him to take the first steps, which are often the most 
•difficult, — this is a very important part of the educator's work; 
in that way lies success. It seems to me now, in the review, as 
if some of us almost thought the existence and dignity of Thet- 
ford Academy rested on our shoulders. I am sure I, for one, 
never dreamed that any other institution could equal it. If I 
could have foreseen that I should ever reach the dignity of 
occupying the chair of associate principal I suppose that even 
the building itself could not have contained me. But how we 
grew, while we were students here ! How meek we felt when we 
entered, and after our first effort at debate in the "trundlebed" 
lyceum ! But, Mr. President, do you remember when we went 
out, after our masterly efforts in the Greek and Latin dialogues 
and the rotund English orations that the door was scarcely wide 
enough ? And have we not been shrinking ever since ? The 
president introduced me as coming back from what was so 
recently a wilderness larger than the wilderness of sin. I sup- 
pose he meant the great American desert as outlined in the old 
(Olney's or Malt de Brun's) atlas. Well, there is sin enough 
out there, but it is largely the result of immigration from the 
East, and I see, as I come back, that it has not all emigrated. 
There is still a little hanging around New York and Washington. 
That reminds me that the world's greatest need, east or west. 



10 

north or south, is men and women who not only know their 
rights and dare maintain them, but who know their duties and 
have the courage of their convictions. My conviction is that 
Thetford Academy is worthy of all honor for her share in the 
contribution of that material which is the world's greatest need. 
For one I can say, I shall ever have grateful memories of him 
who was so large a part of Thetford Academy in those old stu- 
dent days, and whose personal influence and efforts laid me 
under lasting obligation." 

Before adjourning those present voted to form an association 
of former students and elected the following officers : 

Honorary President — Hon. Justin S. Morrill, U. S. Senate. 

Honorary Vice-President — Hon. Wm. E. Chandler, U. S. 
Senate. 

President — Thomas W. Bicknell, LL. D. 

Vice-Presidents — General John Eaton, Washington, D. C, 
Rev. Wilson Farnsworth, D.D., Caesarea, Turkey, Horace W. 
Thompson, Esq., Bellows Falls, Vt., Rev. Wm. S. Hazen, 
D. D., Northfield, Vt., Hon. Edward Conant, Randolph, 
Vt., Mrs. Ada E. Worcester, Thetford, Vt., Prof. T. W. D. 
Worthen, Hanover, N. H., Prof. J. S. Angell, Lewiston, Me., 
Hon. J. Halsey Boardman, Boston, Mass., Mrs. Isabel B. 
Swift, Wellesley Hills, Mass., Mrs. M. A. Talcott, Provi- 
dence, R. L, Rev. Wm. S. Palmer, D. D., Norwich, Conn., 
Hon. A. W. Tenney, New York, Rufus O. Hazen, M. D., 
New York, Rev. C. B. Hulburt, D. D., Ohio, Hon. C. C. 
Conant, Greenfield, Mass., Wm. L. Worcester, M. D., Flint, 
Mich., Orlando C. Blackmer, Chicago, Mrs. Mary C. Leavitt, 
California, Mrs. Jonathan E. Fletcher, California, Wm. E. 
Barnard, California, J. Edwards Fay, Esq., Chicago, Hon. 
Henry A. Morrill, Cincinnati, Ohio, Rev. D. D. Marsh, 
D. D., Connecticut, Hon. S. R. Bond, Washington, D. C, 
Prof. H. P. Montgomery, Washington, D. C, Rev. Alvah 
Hovey, D. D., Newton, Mass., Rev. E. F. Slafter, I). D., 
Boston, Mass., Hon. Fred Bates, Titusville, Penn. 

Secretary — Geo. E. Kinney. 

Treasurer — Geo. S. Worcester. 

The assembly, on breaking up, participated in a picnic lunch, 
thoughtfully and generously provided by residents of Thetford 



'jfiJ =i%.i4 .. "41 




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MRS. SARAH CUMMINGS ORCUTT. 



11 

and neighboring towns. The most was made of the flying 
moments for renewing old acquaintances and recalUng memories 
of other days. 



Hiram Orcutt, LL. D., of Boston, Mass., was born in Acworth, 
N. H., February 3, 1815. In early childhood he was frail. His 
minority was spent in labor upon the farm with short intervals, 
each year, in the poor district schools of that day, and two or 
three terms at the academy. 

After fifteen months of preparatory study, extending over a 
period of three years, he entered Dartmouth College in 1838, 
and graduated with his class in 1842, having been absent teach- 
ing six terms during his course to earn the money with which to 
pay his expenses. Immediately upon graduating he entered 
upon his life work, as principal of Hebron (N. H.) Academy, 
having taught ten terms in district and high schools before 
graduating. 

From the summer of 1843 to the autumn of 1855 he was 
principal of Thetford Academy. From 1855 to 1880 he was 
principal of three ladies' seminaries, North Granville, N. Y., 
five years ; Glenwood, West Brattleboro, Vt. (he was the founder 
of this school), eight years ; Tilden, West Lebanon, N. H., six- 
teen years. Three years of this time he ran both Glenwood 
and Tilden, seventy miles apart. 

During the forty years of his school life Mr. Orcutt had under 
his charge more than five thousand different pupils. 

In 1880 Mr. Orcutt left the schoolroom to engage in business 
in Boston, where he has been the last fifteen years, as one of the 
proprietors of the New England Publishing Company. He has 
seen eighty summers yet he is doing full work in his place every 
day, storm or shine, at 3 Somerset street. His life has been 
laborious and eventful. He has taken no vacation for mere 
rest or recreation. He has enjoyed his toil as a summer's holi- 
day. 

The teacher's life is necessarily full of care and labor, yet 
Mr. Orcutt found time to write extensively for the press on the 
current topics of the day, and several books which have been 
published from time to time. In connection with a college 
classmate, he published the " Class Book of Prose and Poetry " 
(for use in schools). Then followed " Gleanings from School 
Life Experiences," " The Teacher's Manual," " Home and School 
Training," " School- Keeping : How to do It," and " Among the 
Theologies." All these have passed through several editions, 
and some have reached a circulation of more than a hundred 
thousand copies. 



12 

Mr. Orcutt was active in forming educational associations 
and lecturing before institutes in Vermont, New Hampshire, 
and New York ; was for four years editor of the Vermont Sc/ioo/ 
jfoiirtial, and for four years superintendent of schools in Brattle- 
borough, Vt., and Lebanon, N. H. 

During 1869, 1870, and 187 1, Mr. Orcutt represented the 
town of Lebanon, N. H., in the general court at Concord. 
Among the bills which he drafted that became laws were the 
bill to establish the normal school at Plymouth, the bill to make 
attendance upon public schools compulsory, and- the "Enabling 
Act," which authorized the towns to change the district to the 
to7vn system. For six years he was supervisor and trustee of 
the normal school. 

Mr. Orcutt received the degree of A. M. from Dartmouth 
in 1845 ; LL. D. from Bates College in 1880; and in 1892, in 
the fiftieth anniversary of his graduation, he was elected honor- 
ary member of the Phi Beta Kappa Society by the Dartmouth 
Chapter at Dartmouth College. 

Mr. Orcutt has been twice married. First in 1842, to Miss 
Sarah Cummings. The children of this family, born in Thet- 
ford, were J. Frank, who died in infancy, and Mary Frances, 
now Mrs. Goold of Lebanon. Second in 1865, to Miss Ellen 
L. Dana. The three children of this family were born at West 
Lebanon, N. H. — William Dana, a graduate of Harvard, and 
author of the much commended " History of Dorchester; " Laura 
Ames, now Mrs. Charles R. Webster of Chicago ; and Nellie 
Wallace. 

For sixty years Dr. Orcutt has been an active member of the 
Congregational church, and for the last six years deacon. His 
influence as a teacher was of that rare order which it is 
difficult to describe in terms, and which to be understood must 
be felt. His own purposes and character, his example, the 
atmosphere about him, were adapted to arouse one to make the 
most of himself. Time and talent were gifts to be used to the 
utmost advantage — no room for idleness, nothing for waste. 
He sought to know what was in a young person — what he was 
capable of doing, and he had rare power in arousing one to do 
his utmost. How many under his influence first felt in their 
souls the touch of fire from heaven ! He aroused the dormant 
intellect, created within the individual new aspirations, and 
helped to form the purpose towards the highest results. How 
many, until they became his pupils, never thought of going to 
college, or never thought of Christ as their Saviour ! He was 
a great character builder. He helped many young men and 
women to positions where they could not help themselves. And 




HON. G. E. HOOD, A.M. 




MRS. FRANCES E. (HERRICK) HOOD. 



13 

how many received pecuniary aid from him no one can tell. 
How many in these pages give loving testimony to the aid they 
have received from him ! Nay, look over the land and see how 
many there are to rise up and call him blessed ! (See historical 
discourse and notes.) 

Gilbert Edwin Hood, son of Deacon Harvey and Rebecca 
(Smith) Hood, was born at Chelsea, Vt., Nov. 21, 1824, and 
lived upon his father's farm until he was twenty-one years old. 
He attended district school summer and winter until he was 
eleven or twelve years old, and winters until he was seventeen, 
then a private school in his native village one winter and two 
fall terms — Randolph Academy the fall term of 1843, and Thet- 
ford Academy one year, 1846-1847. He entered Dartmouth 
College in 1847 and graduated in 185 1. He taught school 
winters from the time he was eighteen years old until he gradu- 
ated from college, working on his father's farm every vacation 
until his last year in college. 

He was associate principal of Thetford Academy from the 
beginning of the summer term of 1851 until the end of the 
summer term of 1854, and principal from 1855 to 1858. He 
then went to Boston, completed the study of the law, which he 
had commenced at Thetford, was admitted to the bar and prac- 
tised one year. (See historical discourse and notes.) 

He then removed to Lawrence, Mass., and began there the 
practice of law in April, 1859. Since that time Lawrence has 
been his home and he has been identified with the best interests 
of the city during his entire residence there. He has been city 
solicitor, associate justice of the police court, and has held 
other minor offices which did not interfere with the work in 
which he was at the time engaged. 

He has been superintendent of the public schools of the city 
for twelve years, president of the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation ten years, and president of the Lawrence city mission 
since 1876. He is a member of the executive committee of the 
Massachusetts Home Missionary Society and a member of one 
of the Congregational churches of the city, of which he has 
been one of the deacons since he first came to Lawrence. He 
has been treasurer of the Broadway Savings Bank since 1877. 

He married Frances Elizabeth Herrick of Peabody, Mass., 
May 13, 1852. She was born September 17, 1828, and died 
September 18, 1891. They had no children. In 1861 he was 
made chairman of a committee of the enrolled men of the city 
and remained such during the war. He is one of the best known 
and most trusted men in Lawrence. 



14 

Rev. Prof. Horace Bliss Woodworth, son of Urial and 
Amanda Allen Woodworth, was born in Chelsea, Vt., March i, 
1830, attended Thetford Academy, and leaving in 1850, gradu- 
ated at Dartmouth in 1854. He was one year principal of 
Gilmanton Academy, Gilmanton, N. H. ; two years associate 
principal in Thetford Academy; three terms principal Chelsea 
Academy, Chelsea, Vt. ; two years in the Theological Seminary 
at Andover and East Windsor Hill (now Hartford Seminary, at 
Hartford, Ct.), graduating in 1861 ; from i86i to 1869 he was 
pastor of the Congregational church in Hebron, Ct., and of the 
Congregational church in Ellington, Ct. ; three years pastor of the 
Congregational church in Charles City, Iowa; about eight years 
pastor of the Congregational church in Decorah, Iowa. His 
health failing, he engaged in farming three years and a half 
in South Dakota ; after this he became professor of psychology, 
ethics, and history, in the University of North Dakota, at Grand 
Forks, N. D., where he is in his tenth year of service. He 
married, August 6, 1857, Phoebe, daughter of W. B. Clark, of 
Lyme, N. H. His daughter is teaching with great success in 
Minneapolis. 

Rev. Leonard Tenney, son of Captain Benjamin and Betsey 
Taylor Tenney, was born in Groton, N. H., August 5, 1814. 
He worked on his father's farm or attended the district school 
till the spring of 1833, when, under the instruction of Rev. 
Henry Wood of Haverhill, N. H., he began the study of the 
Latin grammar. A year later he entered Kimball Union 
Academy. From that time till the summer of 1836 he was pre- 
paring to enter college or earning money with which to pay 
current expenses. After graduating from Dartmouth in 1840, 
he spent one and one half years teaching school. In the spring 
of 1842 he entered Andover Theological Seminary. Graduating 
in 1844, he began a ministry of thirteen years in Jaffrey, N. H. 
In September, 1857, he began a pastorate in Thetford, Vt., 
which contiuued ten years and had close connection with the 
work of the Academy. (See historical discourse.) His third 
pastorate was in Barre, Vt., beginning January i, 1868. Re- 
signing in May, 1886, he purchased a home in Waterbury, where 
he still lives. During his college and theological course he 
instructed some twenty-five hundred pupils in vocal music. He 
taught a select school, one term, in Lyme, N. H., and was prin- 
cipal of Hebron Academy two terms in 1841. He was school 
commissioner for Cheshire county two years from 1855, and a 
superintendent of schools twenty-five years. He represented 
the town of Thetford in the legislature in 1866 and 1867. 




REV. LEONARD TENNEY. 



15 

June 26, 1875, ^^^ '^^^^ joined in marriage to Miss Malvina 
Baker, of Lebanon, N. H. Their children are one daughter 
and three sons. 

These are outlines of a noble, successful, and useful life. 
Mr. Tenney, as a teacher and superintendent of schools, was 
wise and popular, as a preacher always interesting and instruct- 
ive, and as a pastor he had no superior. He easily gained and 
held the love and confidence of his people, and for years after 
leaving his parish has, in many instances, been called back to 
conduct the funerals of the dead. 

Rev. Charles Caverno, LL. D., was born in Strafiford, N. H., 
in 1832. He fitted for college at Gilmanton, N. H., and gradu- 
ated in 1854 at Dartmouth. (See Historical Discourse). He 
taught one year at Thetford with marked success. 

On leaving Thetford Mr. Caverno entered the Law School at 
Albany, N. Y., and was admitted to the bar in the spring of 
1856. He then went to Lockport, N. Y., and entered the office 
of his uncle, Sullivan Caverno, Esq. There he received the 
appointment of superintendent of schools of Niagara county. 
He held this office until 1857. He then removed to Milwaukee, 
Wis., where he practised law for five years, and was president 
of the Young Men's Literary Association, whose library after- 
wards became the nucleus of the city library. 

In i860 Mr. Caverno was elected to represent Milwaukee in 
the state assembly, and did important service on the judiciary, 
bank and banking, and railroad committees. 

Owing to serious trouble with his weak eyes, and nervous 
prostration, he was compelled to abandon his profession and 
retire to the farm. Thus engaged he began organizing Sabbath- 
schools, and was frequently called upon to officiate in the pulpit. 
This turned his attention to the ministry. He was licensed and 
preached one year to the Congregational church in Waukesha, 
Wis. He then spent a year in the Theological Seminary at 
Chicago. On leaving the seminary his first pastorate (for five 
years) was at Lake Mills, Wis. His second was (for three years) 
at Amboy, 111. His third was (for fifteen years) at Lombard, 
111. The last seven years he has been pastor of a church at 
Boulder, Colo. 

During his ministry Mr. Caverno has been a constant 
contributor to papers and periodicals, on topics of public 
and scholarly interest, and has prepared several treatises on 
social science and other subjects, some of which are not yet 
published. 

For two years Dr. Caverno occupied the chair of psychology 



16 

and ethics in the State University of Colorado, from which he 
received the degree of doctor of laws. 

Dr. Caverno has been twice married, — first to Miss Abbie 
H. Smith, with whom he became acquainted while teaching at 
Thetford Academy, She was a graduate from the Academy 
and for nearly three years a prominent teacher. (See Historical 
Discourse). 

A beautiful memorial by her husband was with a portrait 
printed for private circulation. It has been given to few women 
to show more marked ability and consecration than she did in 
her sphere. To her husband she was companion in every study 
and labor, and even eyes, when in the legislature and elsewhere 
his sight failed him. Appreciative of all the amenities of life 
and entering into the most trivial duties as performed unto the 
Lord, she had a mind which enjoyed the abstractions of mathe- 
matics and the severer refinements of logic. Her labors in the 
family and the parish were above praise. 

Their children, now living, are Julia H., a graduate of Smith 
College and now an assistant teacher of Greek in the college ; 
Doratha R., still a student in the college, and Xenaphon, gradu- 
ated from the University of Wisconsin, now superintendent of 
Coke and Gas Company of Kewanee, 111. 

His second marriage, in 1886, was to Miss Anna C. Matson 
of Lombard, 111. Dr. Caverno has led an active, earnest, and 
successful life, and is still a power in the pulpit and parish, and 
through the press. 

Rev. Wm. S. Hazen, D. D., Northfield, Vt., was born, Hart- 
ford, Vt., August 18, 1836; graduated from Royalton Academy, 
1854; from U. V. M., 1858; taught two years in Thetford 
Academy ; graduated from Andover Theological Seminary, 
1863 ; began his ministry in Northfield in September of that 
year; ordained and installed October 12, 1864; town superin- 
tendent of schools two years ; member of the county board of 
education two years, president one year ; chaplain of the state 
senate in 1884; in 1891 received D. D. from his alma mater. 
(See address in the evening.) 

The time was too crowded for reading letters, but we are able 
to give the following from those formerly teachers : Prof. John 
W. Norton, at the last moment unable to be present, wrote from 
Rutland, Vt. : " I remember no work of my life with greater 
satisfaction than some I did at Thetford." Speaking of certain 
classes, he says : " The members were worthy of a medal. In 
them were iVlbert Porter, George Rogers, and William and Kitty 




REV. CHAS. CAVERNO, LL.D. 




MRS. ABBIE H. (sMITH) CAVERNO. 



17 

Worcester, Fjrankie and Julia Closson, Kate and Maggie Fletcher, 
and Miss Sherman. I have heard only good things of them 
ever since, and should be glad to take them all by the hand. I 
am sure of this, that they have illustrated well the fact that the 
good and faithful scholars in school make the good and faithful 
men and women." 

Rev. Arthur Little, D. D., wrote from Dorchester, Mass. : I 
beg of you to let the friends who assemble this week to do honor 
to old Thetford Academy know why I am not there. An en- 
gagement to attend the commencement exercises at Berea Col- 
lege, Kentucky, this week, makes it impossible for me to gratify 
my wish to join in the celebration. My connection with the 
Academy, as substitute principal for my cousin, Charles Little, 
was only for a winter term, but, in the Providence of God, long 
enough to change my whole subsequent career. Thetford 
Academy and Thetford Hill are very dear to my heart. Very 
much indeed did I enjoy that brief winter of instruction, though 
I had some pupils who knew more than I did, especially in 
algebra. I remember once sending to Prof. Loomis of Yale 
College and the author of the algebra I tried to teach, for the 
solution of some problems that were too much for my non-math- 
ematical brain. A more rigorous winter I do not recall than 
that of i86o-'6i on Thetford Hill. Snow five or six feet deep 
and thermometer forty below zero. That is what makes men. 
Then there are other experiences and memories too sacred and 
personal for public reference. My heart turns back to that 
dear spot as the heart of a Jewish exile turned towards his be- 
loved Jerusalem. It is preeminently fitting that the seventy- 
fifth anniversary of Thetford Academy should be observed. 
What a centre and fountain of influence it has been ! It has 
blessed the whole earth. What an incredible amount of work it 
has done on a small, insignificant money capital ! What strong, 
self-reliant young men and women it has sent forth to work for 
humanity and God ! I wish it were possible for me to show my 
reverence for this honored mother by my personal presence. 
Assure all the friends of my presence with them in spirit and 
my sympathy with them in all the observances of the auspicious 
and august occasion. May the dear old Academy, which has 
stood a beacon light among those beautiful Vermont hills for 
three quarters of a century, round out the hundred years with 
increasing strength and usefulness. With glad salutations to 
all, I remain, etc. 



18 



EXERCISES AT THE CHURCH. 

At the appointed hour the happy multitude gathered at the 
church, falling it to overflowing. General Eaton presided. The 
Rev. Alvah Hovey, D. D., S. T. D., president Newton Theological 
Seminary, offered prayer. Music was furnished by the band, 
and by Miss Julia F. May, a former Thetford student, now a 
favorite singer in Plymouth Church, Brooklyn, N. Y. Accom- 
panied on the piano by Miss C. E. Worcester, Burnham Classi- 
cal school, Northampton, Mass., she sang with special effect 
" When the Heart is Young." The historical discourse, re- 
quiring many months of research, was delivered by the Rev. 
Carlos Slafter, and the poem by Hon. Edward A. Jenks, A. M. 



HISTORICx\L DISCOURSE. 



]]Y THE Rev. Carlos Slafter. 

The Rev. Carlos Slafter, of Dedhani, Mass., son of Sylvester and Mary Johnson 
Slafter, was born in Thetford, Vt., July 21, 1825; became a student in Thetford 
Academy in September, 1S41 ; began to teach in Fairlee, Vt., December 6, 1841 ; 
taught in Lyme, N. H., four winters and one fall term; in Maiden, Mass., 1S46 to '47; 
in Dedham, Mass., 1847 to '51 ; in Framingham, Mass., High scliool, 1S51 to July '52; 
then forty year-s, 1852 to '92, in Dedham High school: entered Dartmouth College 
1845; graduated, 1S49; ordained deacon in Boston, i^'55 ; preached occasionally; 
occupies his leisure in studying and writing. His uncompensated, careful studies in 
the history of Thetford Academy, and his able discourse cannot be too highly prized. 
January 11, 1895, ^^ '^^ celebration of the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the 
founding of the free school at Dedham, he delivered the historical discourse. 

The planting of Thetford Academy which we, its students 
and friends, have come here to-day to commemorate, can be 
more intelligently treated if we consider briefly the preparation 
of the ground in which it was planted. For this Academy was 
not an accident, any more than was the golden wheat that covered 
the field of the first settler at the end of his second summer of 
toil. In fact, to comprehend the causes which in due time estab- 
lished on this hill that school whose light has never yet been hid, 
we must take into consideration the settlement and previous 
growth of the town. 

The geographical features of the township had a deciding 
influence on the order of its settlement. Along its eastern 
border were rich meadows and table lands which attracted the 
enterprise of the first immigrants. John Chamberlain, "the first 
that came on," the only settler in 1764, the Hosfords and 
Howards, the Smiths and Gilletts, and their friends, planted 
themselves along the bank of the Connecticut. The first mills 
for sawing and grinding were built on streams which then flowed 
copiously, but have now almost ceased to flow, into that beauti- 
ful river. The first place of worship, a log meeting-house, had 
its outlook upon the same river valley. 

To the west of this long stretch of inviting farm lands the 



20 

ground rose into a high, irregular, even mountainous, ridge, ex- 
tending from the north line of the township to the place where 
the nois}' Ompompanoosuc passes into the territory of Norwich. 
West of this long ridge, across which a road was practicable 
only at one place near its middle point, another attractive region 
was found. This offered to settlers excellent timber lands and 
much productive soil ; and the Ompompanoosuc, whose murmur 
is always suggestive of kinetic energy, promised an exhaustless 
supply of mill privileges. 

Into this diversified region settlers flocked during the eighties. 
Wallace and Hubbard led the way, the first to establish homes 
west of the Ompompanoosuc. And when the Rev. Asa Burton 
had been the minister a few years, six or seven, and the log 
meeting-house of 1781 had been outgrown, and a new meeting- 
house was to be located, the control of affairs was found to be 
no longer in the hands of those living in the eastern section of 
the town. If the location was to be decided by a majority vote, 
there was danger that the new meeting-house would stand in 
sight, not of the Connecticut, but of the Ompompanoosuc river. 
Consequently, after much contention and bickering, a commit- 
tee of disinterested men from other towns was called in to 
determine the site of the proposed structure. 

The inhabitants of Thetford could not think of dividing into 
two separate parishes or societies, for the Rev. Asa Burton could 
not be divided, and his influence was controlling. Hence the 
decision of the committee was accepted as final. They located 
the prospective house of worship on the ridge dividing the two 
contending parties, about half way between the locations favored 
by the east and the west factions. In 1785 "the stakes were 
driven " at the highest point of the road which crosses the ridge. 
This determined the location of the oldest village in Thetford 
which was to spring up around the new meeting-house. 

Other things followed easily and naturally. The postoffice 
was soon established here, and Thomas Hopkins was the first 
postmaster. Joseph Reed and Loved Gary opened stores, 
Oramel Hinckley and Jedediah P. Buckingham law ofiices. 

But the little village was verj^ quiet, stationary we may say, 
till 18 1 7. That year two enterprising young merchants consti- 



21 

tuting the firm of Latham & Kendrick removed hither from 
North Thetford, erected a store, a large one for those days, and 
a house which is still the largest dwelling house in the village. 
This new enterprise attracted others to the place ; several new 
houses were built, and Dr. Burton himself had already trans- 
ferred his residence to the hill. 

The town meanwhile had become prosperous, and, with the 
ablest clergyman in the state for its minister, was ready for new 
enterprises. Dr. Burton's ministry, then of nearly forty years, 
had banished all local strife and divisions and had moulded the 
scattered inhabitants of the large township into a united and 
harmonious community. His influence had been deeply felt in 
matters connected with education. He had exerted himself to 
waken in the young a high regard for learning and a personal 
interest in it. He did this by visiting the schools regularly, 
conferring with the teachers, and keeping himself familiar with 
improvements in books and modes of instruction. 

Benevolent activities had been awakened and fostered by his 
faithful preaching and personal influence and example. A 
library was collected and a village lyceum organized in which 
the interests of education and other vital topics were earnestly 
and intelligently discussed. A benevolent society was formed 
and contributions were made in aid of an academy recently 
founded in Meriden, a village in the town of Plainfield, New 
Hampshire. The records of that institution show, says its 
treasurer, " the receipt of several such donations from the 
Female Charitable Society of Thetford, and also $5 each from 
Silas and Mahlon Follet. These sums were sent by the Rev. 
Dr. Burton." 

But in August, 1.8 18, the following entry was made in the 
treasurer's book of Kimball Union Academy : " By forty dollars 
from Simeon Short, Esq., treasurer of a charitable society in 
Thetford, Vt." We have been careful to verify this record, 
because it shows when, and by whom, the first conception of an 
academy in Thetford was formed. 

When Mr. Short, then a young lawyer, was returning from 
Meriden, whither he had gone simply to deliver the donation 
last mentioned, and was thinking over the errand he had ridden 



99 



so far to perform, his enterprising spirit suggested this question,. 
"Why not have an academy in Thetford, instead of sending our 
students so far away to one in another state and contributing 
money also for its support ? " This question having been once 
suggested occupied his thoughts during the rest of his solitary 
ride home. He debated with himself the possibilities of ac- 
complishing such a work. The more he considered the needs 
of Thetford and the neighboring towns, the spirit of ihe in- 
habitants, and the advantages of such a school, the more earnest 
and hopeful he became. 

After reaching home he took his tea that evening with Judge 
Buckingham. At the table he gave an account of the journey 
he had performed and its object, and then broached to the 
judge the subject which had employed his thoughts during his 
equestrian journey homeward. Judge Buckingham, always- 
eager to enlarge the educational privileges of young persons,, 
entered into the project at once, and even with enthusiasm. 
That same evening they called on Judge Loomis and Colonel 
Fitch. These gentlemen both thought the scheme good and 
feasible. The next day Dr. Burton was consulted, and then 
Judge Reed and the firm of Latham & Kendrick. All gave the 
object their earnest approval, and a meeting of the leadings 
citizens was held in Judge Buckingham's office the next evening. 
Mr. Short explained the purpose of the meeting, and Dr. Burton 
and Judge Buckingham advocated the project. There was no 
opposition or hesitancy. A subscription was then and there be- 
gun with liberal contributions, and at the end of a week sufficient 
means had been secured for the erection of an academy building. 
The timber was all given, Colonel Lyman Fitch claiming the 
principal share of that generosity. Others who had little money 
gave work ; and there was no small emulation in carrying for- 
ward the enterprise. It is to be deeply regretted that no record 
of these contributions was preserved. 

These facts relating to the first suggestion of an academy 
and the mode of carrying the plan into effect, were given to 
me by Judge Short in the summer of 1875. He was then 
in his eighty-ninth year, but his memory was still vigorous 
and accurate. Other persons have corroborated his statements 



23 

in all essential points. Therefore I do not hesitate to give 
him credit and the high honor of being the prime author and 
founder of Thetford Academy. The zeal and promptness 
of those who gave material form to his idea can be best 
understood from the fact that what was first thought of by 
a young attorney during a horseback journey from Meriden to 
Thetford on an August afternoon of 1818 went into full opera- 
tion on the 8th of February, 18 19. Six months after Simeon 
Short dreamed of an academy, the Rev. John Fitch took posses- 
sion of the completed building and began a successful term of 
six years' service. 

The immediate prosperity of the school depended largely 
upon the first preceptor. The testimony of those who were 
under his tuition is uniform in his praise. Senator Justin S. 
Morrill, who was a member of the Academy in 1824, says, 
" Preceptor Fitch was very able in Latin and Greek, and was a 
very thorough teacher." Mrs. Cheney, who, as Miss Lucy 
Fletcher, was under his instruction in 1820, writes as follows : 
" He was one of the best of instructors ; had the gift of impart- 
ing knowledge to his pupils. I think he was a good disciplina- 
rian ; never had any trouble with his scholars. He always gave 
them a short lecture Saturday noon before the close for the 
week, and these lectures were excellent. Monday mornings he 
always called on one of the students to give an account of the 
sermon of the previous day. One morning he called on a young 
man who began and went on and on till the preceptor said to 
him, 'That is sufficient.' " 

The Hon. William Childs of Fairlee once exhibited to me 
some very ingenious methods of working in the higher arith- 
metic which he had learned from Preceptor Fitch. 

It is not necessary to adduce more testimony of his ability 
and worth. But you may be interested to know that he was 
the oldest son of the Rev. Elijah Fitch of Hopkinton, Mass., 
graduated honorably at Brown University in 1790, and settled 
as pastor of a Congregational church in Danville, Vt., about 
1794. The Rev. Nathaniel Howe of Hopkinton, in a famous 
centennial sermon preached in 18 15, when speaking of the 
family of the Rev. Elijah Fitch, whose early death was greatly 



24 

lamented, said : '* Rev. John Fitch is now one of the most 
respectable ministers of Vermont." 

A failure of health in 1816 led Mr. Fitch to resign his pastor- 
ate. To occupy his thoughts, he engaged in fitting young men 
for college, and soon had an abundance of students. His 
health improved, and when he came to Thetford several of his 
scholars came with him, to complete their preparation for col- 
lege. This gave the Academy at once a measure of dignity and 
respect. Even in its first year it was patronized by many of the 
neighboring towns, both in Vermont and New Hampshire. We 
are informed that one young man came from Canada to fit him- 
self for the University of Vermont. His name was Lucius 
Doolittle ; and though he did not complete his college course 
with his class, he so far belied his name by a life of successful 
work that his Alma Mater gave him an honorary degree in 1838. 

The number of students in attendance during the first year 
of the Academy we have no means of stating definitely. From 
the treasurer's book, however, we are able to make a reasonable 
estimate. Judge Buckingham, by his excellent system of book- 
keeping, made the first year of the Academy quite intelligible, 
though no other record of it exists. He received all the money 
paid for tuition and gave the students certificates for admission 
to the school. It appears that the tuition was generally paid in 
advance, and he opened accounts with those only who did not 
so pay. 

The money received for tuition from the 8th of February, 
1819, to January 10, 1820, was $422. The tuition per quarter 
was $2 for English studies and $3 for the languages. Prob- 
ably not more than a fourth part of the school studied the 
languages; so that the average tuition would be $2.25 per term, 
or $9 a year. Dividing the total tuition received by nine, and 
allowing for a few who had not paid, we find the average attend- 
ance about fifty. 

A school so large as that would of course require more than 
one teacher. This want was ably supplied by Miss Amy Smith 
of Chelsea. She was connected with the Academy about three 
years, and was very efficient in her department. Says one who 
looks back upon her school days from her ninety-second year, 



25 

■♦' Miss Amy Smith was a refined lady and a very good teacher." 

Leaving Thetford, Miss Smith established a young ladies' 
school in Woodstock ; but after a few terms she married the 
Hon. Henry C. Denison, who, by the historian of that town, is 
said to have been " a man of thrift and industry, an influential 
citizen, prominent in politics, and judge of probate several 
years." 

It is pleasant to remember that, from the beginning, the 
school was summoned to its work and regulated in its exercises 
by the same bell that swings in the Academy tower to-day. One 
who began his studentship on that famous eighth of February, 
1 8 19, assures me that it rang out cheerily to convoke the school 
on that bright, frosty morning. What other thing, connected 
with the Old Academy and with this town, has the same voice 
to-day which it had in 18 19? Faithful old monitor! For 
seventy-five years it has called the students to their devotions 
and to their work: for thirty-five years, also, it summoned 
a devout community to their Sunday worship. It awakens 
precious memories in many souls to-day. May its tones long 
•continue to remind us of the privileges here to be enjoyed ! 

The exact form of organization which was at first adopted by 
the managers of the enterprise we have no records to show. 
We only know that Judge Buckingham was treasurer, and we 
may reasonably presume that a voluntary association was 
formed adequate to promote the interests of the school. The 
oversight of such men as Dr. Burton, Judge Reed, Esquire 
Short, and their associates, could not fail in efficiency. Doubt- 
less every dollar contributed was wisely expended. In fact, 
every person in the village was devoted to the welfare of the 
Academy and shared the responsibility of making it successful. 

But a charter was soon found to be desirable. In 18 19 the 
Hon. Joseph Reed represented the town of Thetford in the 
General Assembly of the state, and was instrumental in obtain- 
ing an act of incorporation. Those who had already been chosen 
to manage the enterprise were doubtless made trustees of the 
incorporated Academy. " The Rev. Dr. Burton, Jedediah P. 
Buckingham, Joseph Reed, William Heaton, Lyman Fitch, 
Thomas Kendrick, Simeon Short, Elijah Hammond and Tim- 



26 

othy P. Bartholomew with their associates and successors " be- 
came the governing body. 

The destruction of their records by fire in 1843 makes it im- 
possible to give a complete list of the original board of trustees 
to the full number of fifteen, or to name all who were added to 
the list previous to that unfortunate loss. Of course all those 
who appear as officers of the board were members of that body ; 
so that we may confidently name Thomas Hopkins, Esq., and 
Capt. William Harris Latham as among those who constituted 
the first board. The Hon. Beriah Loomis was probably one, 
and also James White, Esq. The Hon. Jedediah H. Harris of 
Strafford, and the Rev. Baxter Perry of Lyme, N. H., have been 
named to me as early members. Dr. David Palmer was a mem- 
ber in 1827, serving as one of the prudential committee of that 
year. Other names, unfortunately, must remain unrecorded. 

In 1820 the legislature passed a supplementary act which 
gave to Thetford Academy the rents and profits arising from the 
rights of land originally granted for the use of county grammar 
schools in the towns of Chelsea and Washington. This brought 
the school an annual income of a little less than a hundred 
dollars, beginning the first year with ninety-six dollars. 

In 1821 another act was passed which made the Academy "to 
all intents and purposes " a county grammar school, and gave 
the trustees all requisite power for controlling the lands reserved 
for grammar schools in the towns previously mentioned. AD 
this beneficent supplementary legislation was the result of efforts 
put forth by Col. Lyman Fitch, who represented Thetford in the 
legislatures of 1820 and 1821. 

We have been careful to explain that the idea, or original 
suggestion, of this Academy came from the mind of Simeon 
Short when he was returning from an errand of charity. Charity 
has pervaded its whole history. During the first year of its 
existence, Treasurer Buckingham opened an account, in fact it 
was the second opened in the treasurer's book, with this title, 
'• Charitable funds of Thetford Academy." The first credit on 
this account reads as follows : "By cash received of Dr. Burton 
towards contributions the last year, per my rec't, $8.25." On the 
eighteenth day of August, 1825, the balance on hand of the 



27 

charity account was one hundred and twelve dollars and twent}' 
cents ; and there had been paid for the tuition of meritorious 
students two hundred and thirty-two dollars. Surely the Thet- 
ford church under the lead of their revered and faithful pastor 
showed most effectively how charity could begin at home. But 
it was not to end there ; it followed the beneficiary to college 
and paid his tuition there also. 

Judge Buckingham's accounts are the most instructive early 
record we have of the Academy. They extend through the first 
six years, covering Preceptor Fitch's term of service. From 
them we learn that the salary of Mr. Fitch was three hundred 
dollars per annum, together with his house rent of thirty dollars. 
This seems to us a small compensation ; but we must bear in 
mind that Dr. Burton himself never received more than $283.33 
per year. 

During the latter part of Mr. Fitch's term Miss Mercy Burton 
was employed as preceptress. She was the only surviving child 
of Dr. Burton and a lady of varied attainments. She became 
the wife of Presbury West, Escj., who was for a time treasurer of 
the Academy. 

The Rev. Mr. Fitch closed his labors as preceptor on the first 
of March, 1825, three weeks after the expiration of his six years 
term of service, for which the total payments amounted to four- 
teen hundred and fifty-two dollars and seventy-five cents. 

After his time there was a different management of the 
finances of the institution. The tuition of the students was 
evidently paid directly to the preceptors, and the treasurer's 
duty was limited to receiving the income from the charity and 
other funds of the Academy, and, after defraying some necessary 
expenses for repairs, paying the residue over to the preceptor. 

In estimating the results of the first six years of the school, it 
seems proper to say that besides the several hundred young 
men and women fitted to discharge more honorably the various 
duties of good citizenship, the following twelve persons were 
prepared for college and afterwards graduated therefrom : The 
Reverends Isaac Cummings, Asa Brainard, Isaac Hosford> 
Roger Strong Howard, D. D., Edmund Otis Hovey, D. D., Asher 
Bliss, John Stocker, Lucius Doolittle ; Drs. Leonard Mellen 



28 

Fitch and Roger Newton Lambert; Charles Chapman Marsh, 
Esq., and Charles Hopkins, Esq. One of these. Dr. Fitch, was 
prepared to join the junior class of his college, and doubtless 
some of the others entered college in advance. 

This record was creditable to the teacher ; and the trustees 
of the Academy must have felt gratified with the success of the 
enterprise on which they had expended so much care and 
enthusiasm. Thetford Academy had established a good repu- 
tation ; had proved itself worthy of a generous patronage. 

On the recommendation of Dr. David Palmer, Carlos Smith, 
a native of Hopkinton, N. H., was chosen to succeed Mr. Fitch. 
He had graduated from Union College in 1822, and since then 
had been teaching a classical school in Virginia. He was an 
excellent teacher, a refined gentleman, and not a little fastidious 
in his tastes. Such is the testimony in substance of one whom 
he trained in the studies preparatory for college. He remained 
in Thetford two years. In 1827 he married Miss Susan Saxton 
of Hanover, N. H., and removing to Catskill, N. Y., had charge 
of a classical school six years. While there he became person- 
ally interested in religion and resolved to devote himself to 
the ministry, though he had previously been preparing to enter 
the legal profession. In 1832 he settled as pastpr of a church 
in Manlius, N. Y. Four years later he removed to Painsville, 
Ohio, where his ministry continued eight years. His next 
pastorate of three years in Massillon, Ohio, was interrupted 
by illness in his family resulting from climatic influences. 
Thence he removed in 1847 ^o Tallmadge, Ohio, where a 
ministry of fifteen years was crowned with abundant success. 
His last pastorate was in Akron, Ohio, from 1862 to 1873, 
and during these eleven years the church under his care 
increased from 60 to 275 members. He received the degree 
of doctor of divinity while in Akron, and died there April 22, 

1877- 

A memorial service, in which the clergy of all denominations 

in that city participated, was held on the Sunday after his 

funeral. On this occasion many words of eulogy were spoken 

which it would be pleasant to repeat; but we have time only for 

a most significant remark of one of the speakers, who, in praise 



29 

of Dr. Smith, said, " No man in Akron was ever so respected by 
all classes." 

During a part, or all, of Dr. Smith's preceptorship in Thetford 
Academy, he was aided by his sister, Miss Grace Fletcher 
Smith, as preceptress. She was born in Hopkinton, N. H., in 
1803, and was named after Miss Grace Fletcher, who became 
the first wife of Daniel Webster. Miss Smith married the Rev. 
Job Martyn and died at Haverhill, Mass., in 1840. It may be 
proper to say here that the father of these two teachers was the 
Rev. Ethan Smith, a graduate of Dartmouth College in 1790, 
who studied divinity with Dr. Asa Burton, and in addition to 
constant labors in five successive pastorates, including one at 
Hopkinton of twenty years, and finally as city missionary in 
Boston, he wrote and published six theological works, four 
lectures on baptism, and ten occasional sermons. It will be 
pleasant to remember that the industry of the father was imitated 
by the son, both whose lives, so long as bodily powers per- 
mitted, were devoted to the spiritual good of their fellow men. 

Dr. David Palmer, subsequently a distinguished professor in 
the medical college at Woodstock, Vt., came to Thetford in 
1825 and for the next six years was a devoted and active friend 
to the Academy. He often manifested his desire for its pros- 
perity by giving before the school and the citizens valuable and 
interesting lectures on various branches of natural science 
Chemistry was his favorite subject : and it is needless to say 
that there were many sincere mourners in Thetford in 1852, 
when he lost his life by an accident connected with his work in 
that department of study at the medical college in Pittsfield, 
Mass. 

The Rev. Abram Marsh, who prepared for college at the 
Academy, and graduated at Dartmouth in 1825, was the pre- 
ceptor in 1827 and 1828. He was a man of dignified and min- 
isterial mien, and the school prospered under his care. The 
record of his life was honorable, a ministry of thirty-eight years 
in Tolland, Ct., where, after holding other important offices, he 
died in 1877. When he came here to visit his wife's kinsman. 
Judge Short, his sermons were occasionally heard in the Thet- 
ford pulpit, and always with much interest and satisfaction. 



30 

Mr. Marsh's co-laborer in the Academy was Miss Sarah 
Poole, the daughter of the Hon. Benjamin Poole of Hollis, N. H. 
A lady who was then under her instruction remembers that 
she taught, besides the ordinary school studies, ornamental 
needle work; and that many specimens of her pupils' work 
decorated the walls of the recitation room. Miss Poole married 
Mr. David Hoyt of Hartland, went to reside in Muscatine, 
Iowa, and died there in 1864. 

Charles Hopkins, the son of Thomas Hopkins, the first post- 
master, graduated at Dartmouth in 1827 and is said to have 
occupied the preceptor's chair a short time while waiting for a 
favorable opportunity to study law. This was probably in 
1828-9. 

Dr. Samuel Long, a graduate of Dartmouth in 1824, and for 
many years the beloved physician of Plymouth, N. H., was in 
charge of the Academy for a few months ; but the exact date of 
his service has not been determined. 

The Rev. Dr. William Coombs Dana, a graduate of Dart- 
mouth in 1828, was employed as preceptor a short time in 1829. 
This is his own statement and therefore trustworthy. He was 
a son of the Rev. Dr. Daniel Dana, who was for a short period 
the president of Dartmouth College. In 1836 he became the 
pastor of the Central Presbyterian church of Charleston, S. C, 
and held that office till his death, November 30, 1880. 

In the Academy Dr. Dana was said to have been ably 
assisted by a Miss Holmes of Massachusetts. There are so 
many of that name in the Bay State, all capable and "cultured" 
of course, that you will be obliged to excuse us if we do not 
point out more definitely the one who favored our Academy 
with the instruction which several have had the kindness to 
commend. 

Sherburne Blake Piper was preceptor in the Academy two 
terms before his graduation at Dartmouth in 1832. The law 
was his chosen profession, in which he had a long and honorable 
practice in Lewiston, N. Y., where he died in 1885, 78 years of 
age. 

Loammi Sewell Coburn graduated at Dartmouth College in 
1830 and came immediately to take charge of the Academy. 



31 

He was of small stature, but full of learning and life. We can- 
not find that he had any preceptress to lighten his labors. A 
correspondent has suggested that his competency and the small- 
ness of the school made it possible, and of course profitable, to 
dispense with the services usually performed by a lady teacher. 
He probably left the school in 1831. He was not averse to 
change, as may be judged from his many engagements and fre- 
quent removals. He was a professor of Greek and Latin in 
Norwich University from 1851 to 1857, was acting pastor in 
Weston from 1858 to 1866, and is supposed to have resided 
there till his death, about 1885. 

An early student mentions William Withington Thayer as one 
of the occasional teachers in the Academy. A payment of 
money to him by the treasurer in 183 1 indicates that his ser- 
vices were obtained for a short time. He was a native of Thet- 
ford and studied for the ministry at Bangor Theological Semi- 
nary. 

Another payment to " A. Perkins" may be for his services 
also as teacher. This doubtless means Apollos Perkins of 
Lyme, N. H. ; if so, the money was paid to an excellent teacher, 
one of the best of that time. 

William Craige Burke, an undergraduate of Dartmouth, had 
charge of the Academy during the spring and summer terms of 
1832. He graduated in 1833 ; was a teacher for several years 
in various places; studied at Andover Theological Seminary in 
the class of 1838 ; but finally became a physician and practised 
his profession, first in New York city, and afterwards in Skane- 
ateles, N. Y. He now resides in Cheyenne, Wyoming. 

Miss Mary White, the sister of Dr. Nathaniel White, at one 
time taught French in the Academy, as we often heard her 
relate. Probably her instructions were given in 1831 or 1S32. 
In 1832 James Kent Shipherd of Granville, N. Y., an under- 
graduate in the senior class of Middlebury College, became the 
preceptor. He was an excellent teacher, of refined and gentle 
bearing; but his work was interrupted by illness in the autumn 
of 1833. He died at Judge Short's, February 17, 1834, at the 
age of 24 years, and was much lamented by those who had been 
under his instruction. 



32 

His place was supplied through the winter of 1833-4 by Mr. 
Jacob Chapman, then a junior in Dartmouth College. Even in 
so short a term of instruction, Mr. Chapman showed undoubted 
ability. The rest of his life has not been wanting in variety. 
He spent three years at Andover in theological study, and after 
that alternated between preaching and teaching, having, evi- 
dently, a fondness for the latter occupation. Had he bestowed 
his abilities upon our Academy, it is thought that his success 
would have been such as to satisfy himself and largely enhance 
the interests of the institution. He is still living in Exeter^ 
N. H., and is the author of several valuable publications. 

In the spring of 1834 Mr. Jonas De Forest Richards assumed 
the duties of preceptor, though then but a junior in college. 
He was in his twenty-fifth year, and, for a student no nearer his 
graduation, was very mature. He had experience in teaching, 
was a gentleman in manner and of good presence. He man- 
aged the school admirably and did very much to elevate its 
character and give it a becoming dignity. Those of us who can 
remember events so remote know very well that he was highly 
respected and commended, both in Thetford and in the neigh- 
boring towns. He was, in fact, an excellent type of the acad- 
emy preceptor of that day. He graduated at Andover Theo- 
logical Seminary in 1840 : his life as a clergyman was highly 
respectable, and was supplemented in 1869 by a professorship 
in the University of Alabama, at which post he died in 1872. 

We find Miss Laura A. Washburn associated with Mr. Rich- 
ards as preceptress in 1834. She was the daughter of the 
Rev. Azel Washburn of Royalton, Vt. It is not easy to deter- 
mine the exact date of her appearance at the Academy, but it 
was probably in the spring term, when Mr. Richards became 
the principal. She was a most acceptable teacher and contrib- 
uted largely to the popularity of the school. After three pleas- 
ant years at Thetford she was for an equal term in charge of a 
female seminary at Uxbridge, Mass. During that time she 
became acquainted with Mr. Horace Maynard, a graduate of 
Amherst College in 1838. They were united in marriage 
August 30, 1840, and went to reside at Knoxville, Tenn., where 
he was to achieve national renown by his ability and patriotism. 



33 

After a long and loyal experience in congress and various high 
and responsible offices, he became a member of the cabinet of 
President Hayes in 1880. He died very suddenly in 1882 ; and 
our former preceptress has lived to deplore the sad termination 
of her husband's honorable career. She now resides in the 
city of Washington, and would doubtless be gratified to know 
that she is still remembered by some of us as our well-beloved 
teacher. 

Mr. Richards continued in charge of the Academy till the 
end of the fall term of 1835, in which he was assisted by Mr. 
Samuel Peirce, who had just graduated at Dartmouth. But the 
graduate assistant was six and a half years younger than the 
undergraduate preceptor ; and when Mr. Richards resumed his 
studies in the college, Mr. Peirce became the principal of the 
Academy, in his twentieth year. 

The school prospered under his youthful care, and the next 
summer, that of 1836, five young men of the Academy entered 
Dartmouth College. Mr. Peirce continued at the head of the 
school another year; and in the fall term of 1836, Miss Wash- 
burn being still the preceptress, he was assisted by Mr. Abner 
Jones Phipps, a junior from Dartmouth of excellent standing, 
especially in the classics. Mr. Phipps was a teacher in various 
positions for many years : afterwards was employed as an agent 
of the Massachusetts Board of Education ; and finally was 
superintendent of schools in Dedham, Mass., which office he 
resigned a short time before his death in 1886. 

Mr. Peirce completed his theological studies at Andover in 
1840, and was ordained pastor of the Congregational church in 
Atkinson, N. H., April 19, 1843 ; but he lived less than a year 
to fulfil his promise of eminent usefulness. 

The school now numbered over a hundred students, and the 
prospects of the institution were most encouraging. Under the 
influence of this prosperity Judge Short engaged in an effort to 
increase the funds of the Academy. This resulted in what was 
called " The Subscription Fund," which consisted of promissory 
notes given by nearly sixty individuals, these obligations to pay 
varying from five to one hundred and fifty dollars, the whole 
amounting to about eleven hundred and twenty-five dollars. 
3 



34 

The sums indicate that the donors were persons of small means, 
but of large and overflowing generosity. The interest on these 
notes gave an annual income to increase the teaching force on 
which the success of the school depended. 

In the winter of 1836-7 Miss Sophia Sparhawk assisted Mr. 
Peirce, and so continued till the end of his administration. She 
was connected with the school in subsequent years, not continu- 
ously, but as late probably as 1842. She was an efficient 
teacher and highly accomplished. A native of Walpole, N. H., 
she was educated at a select school at Greenfield, Mass. After 
leaving Thetford she taught at Bardstown, Ky. From that 
place she set out to return to New Hampshire, but died on the 
homeward journey. 

In the autumn of 1837 ^^^- Eliezer Jewett Marsh assumed the 
duties of preceptor, assisted by Miss Sibby Ann W. Davies of 
Massachusetts as preceptress. In the fall term of 1848 Miss 
Sarah M. White was the preceptress. But in the year 1839 Miss 
Davies and Miss White were both teachers in the Academy 
Mr. Marsh was a graduate of Middlebury College in 1833. He 
remained in Thetford till the spring of 1840. His pupils speak 
earnestly of his wise and faithful instructions, and the influence 
he exerted on their character was salutary and permanent. His 
life was chiefly devoted to the work of an instructor : seven 
years as the principal of an academy in Milton, Mass. ; and 
eight or nine years as assistant in Lawrence Academy, Groton, 
Mass. He published in 1887 "The Genealogy of the Family 
of George Marsh," a work of much labor and research, credit- 
ably performed. Miss Sarah M. White was the daughter of 
Thomas R. White of Franklin, N. H., and the grand-daughter 
of James White, Esq., one of the original trustees of the Acad- 
emy. 

The summer of 1840 in Thetford was devoted more to national 
politics than to education. The school numbered only about 
twenty-five, and Mr. Cyrus Baldwin, a Dartmouth graduate of 
1839, an amiable man and an accomplished teacher of music, 
had charge of it. The place did not offer sufficient induce- 
ments to retain him ; and after several other engagements in 
teaching, the longest being fifteen years at Meriden, N. H., he 



35 

entered upon a mercantile life in the city of Providence in 1857. 
His last residence was in Hill, N. H., where he died in 1893. 

Mr. John Edward Stanyan graduated at Dartmouth in 1840 
and took charge of the Academy in September of that year. 
While waiting to enter upon his theological studies at An- 
dover, Mr. Edmund F. Slafter, a classmate of Mr. Stanyan, 
was assistant for six weeks of the first term. Mr. Stanyan was 
scholarly ; and as long as he devoted himself wholly to the 
school was popular and successful. But, becoming interested in 
legal studies, the school held a secondary place in his thoughts, 
and suffered accordingly. In May, 1843, he closed his work 
in the Academy, and soon afterwards devoted himself to his 
chosen profession, first in New Hampshire, and later in Massa- 
chusetts. 

Through the autumn term of 1842 six of us were under the 
instruction of Judge Short in chemistry ; and I look back upon 
it as one of the pleasantest experiences of our Academic life. 

In May, 1843, Hiram Orcutt began his more than twelve 
years of successful labors in the Academy. His reputation as 
an instructor had preceded him. He occupied the Thetford 
pulpit with the Rev. Mr. Babcock the Sunday before his school 
was to open, and from a discourse he there delivered we prospec- 
tive students gauged the man at once as "competent for the 
situation." The old Academy began to catch the popular 
breezes as soon as he took the helm ; the number of students 
increased rapidly ; about ninety reported at the beginning of the 
fall term. 

Mrs. Orcutt was preceptress and rarely absent, for seven full 
years. By her efficient labors and quiet dignity she ably sec- 
onded the work and plans of her husband. 

Miss Mary Farrington of Walden, Vt., a beautiful and bril- 
liant young lady, added an attraction to Mr. Orcutt's first fall 
term. She taught music, drawing, and painting. In 1844 she 
married the Rev. H. L. Bullen, sometime professor of mathe- 
matics in Iowa College, and subsequently pastor of a Congrega- 
tional church at Durant, la. Mrs. Bullen's life was a short one, 
but her memory is still cherished by many of her pupils. 

As the school increased, the number of teachers was gener- 



36 

ously enlarged. In the second catalogue issued by Mr. Orcutt 
the board of instruction consists of eight teachers and lecturers 
besides himself. Thus every department of the school was 
made efficient and attractive. In the autumn of each year a 
course of lectures by the professors of Dartmouth College and 
other literary men was given in the Academy open to the public. 
It would be a pleasure to speak at length of the lectures de- 
livered by Drs. White, Thayer, and Worcester, on their special 
subjects; but want of space forbids such indulgence. Fidelity 
to history, however, demands that I should mention with some 
comment, according to the knowledge I have been able to obtain, 
the teachers who were associated with Mr. Orcutt and contri- 
buted to his remarkable success. 

Miss Matilda J. Baker of Lebanon, N. H., was an assistant 
for the fall term of 1844. She soon after married the Rev. 
Loren Thayer of Windham, N. H., and was not living in 1850. 

Miss Mary Elizabeth Denny, another assistant of the same 
term, was connected with the Academy seven years as assistant 
or preceptress. Hundreds of her pupils would commend her 
accuracy and fidelity in instruction, and her sincerity and kind- 
ness as an adviser and friend. In 1862 she was married to the 
Rev. George Ainslie of the Choctaw mission and went to reside 
at Rochester, Minn., having herself previously been five years a 
missionary teacher among the Choctaws and Cherokees. Her 
life on the border was often a severe test of her patience and 
courage ; but she has survived all hardships and perils ; and, 
though her husband has been called home to his reward more 
than nine years, she still abides where they settled thirty-two 
years ago. 

Instrumental music was taught in 1844 by Miss Sarah A. 
Latham, a gifted daughter of Captain William H. Latham 
whose term of service on the board of trustees is the longest 
on record. 

The same year the Rev. Elisha Guliver Babcock gave in- 
struction in singing through the fall term, probably without 
compensation, to show his interest in the school; and Charles 
French Latham, the Academy's largest benefactor, then a student 
fitting for college, led the Academy choir and had a class in 



37 

vocal music the rest of the year. Thetford fifty years ago had 
no better singer than "Charley Latham." 

Dr. Nathaniel White, for five successive years beginning in 
1844, lectured on physiology. He had a happy faculty of in- 
teresting and instructing an audience of students, and, as we 
remember, was justly appreciated. 

Dr. Samuel W. Thayer, Jr., lectured on chemistry, geology, 
and various other topics, much to the entertainment and im- 
provement of the school. He was a man of superior ability, 
and his affability made him "the brother of us all." 

Mrs. Sarah L. Thayer, his charming wife, gave instruction on 
the piano two years, assisted a part of the time by Sarah M. and 
Charlotte S. Hough. The latter married Baxter E. Perry, Esq., 
and her blind son is now a prominent musician in Boston. 

Miss Caroline White of Franklin, N. H., a niece of Dr. 
Nathaniel White, the smallest, and I might almost say the 
brightest, of Mr. Orcutt's teachers, will be remembered as she 
sat in the low chair adapted to her diminutive size. But those 
who recited to her had frequent occasion to look up to her in the 
branches she taught. In 1850 Miss W^hite was united in mar- 
riage to the Hon. Austin F. Pike of Franklin, who died while a 
senator in the congress of the United States. 

Joseph E. Hubbard, musician and mathematician combined, 
will not soon be forgotten by those who were specially trained 
by him to keep the lungs well intiated as they sang. His 
mathematical explanations of pitch and tones were too deep for 
most learners ; but when the order came to " swell up," we all 
knew what to do. 

George W. Gardner, a student preparing for college, from 
which he graduated in 1852, taught penmanship two years. He 
subsequently was president of the Central University of Iowa. 
Dartmouth College honored him with the doctorate in 1867. 

]Miss Emmarenza Carlton gave instruction in drawing two 
years. How much we inartistic youth were wont to admire the 
works which her class exhibited ! 

Dr. Ezra C. Worcester, for many years secretary of the board 
of trustees, as teacher and lecturer on chemistry and botany, 
was connected with the school nearly twenty years. He began 

420840 



in 1846, and his last teaching was in 1865. His earnestness 
and fidelity are pleasant things for us all to remember. How 
admirably he could illustrate the beauty of the floral kingdom 
from the products of his own garden and conservatory! 

Orpheus T. Lamphear, just graduated from the University of 
Vermont, was associate principal in the autumn of 1845. A 
man of brilliant talents, his labors have been acceptable in 
many churches. Before 1880 Dr. Lamphear held pastorates in 
Derby, Vt., Lowell and Beverly, Mass., Exeter, N. H., and New 
Haven, Conn. He was a native of West Fairlee, born in 1820. 

The classical attainments of the Rev. Dr. Roger Strong 
Howard, as associate principal, were made useful to the Aca- 
demy in 1847. He was one of Preceptor Fitch's most diligent 
students, and was, in fact, a diligent student all his life. His 
alma mater honored him with the doctorate in 1868. His 
eminence as a teacher, his profound learning, and his fidelity in 
the sacred duties of the ministry, should bring honor to his 
name in this his native town. 

The Rev. Luther Baker Whittemore, while a student in Dart- 
mouth came to assist his former teacher one or two terms, and, 
in addition to other compensation, was rewarded by an intro- 
duction to Miss Elizabeth H. Denny, whom he subsequently 
married. Want of health and a shortened life prevented his 
attaining that distinction which his natural gifts seemed to 
promise. He died in 186 1. 

Horatio E. Mann was the teacher of penmanship in 1847 and 
1848. 

In 1847 Mr. Solon G. Smith began to teach music in the 
Academy. How many years he taught we cannot say, but by a 
catalogue we see that he gave such instruction in 1870. It is 
superfluous to say in Thetford that he belonged to a musical 
family. The oldest of us remember his father, Col. Harvey 
Smith, the chorister of the church many happy years. 

Stephen Bean Stinson, as his first work after graduating at 
Dartmouth in 1848, assisted Mr. Orcutt a single term. He had 
proved his ability by teaching with him the previous spring 
term. He is now Judge Stinson of Sycamore, 111. 

Daniel Dwight Hitchcock of Amherst College, 1844, assisted 



39 

in the summer of 1848. He entered the military service, but 
we have ascertained nothing of his subsequent history. 

Miss Emily Pearson began to teach in the fall term of 1848 
and was thus connected with the school three years. Benjamin M. 
Munn instructed the singers in the spring of 1847, and of 1848. 

Austin Adams, a graduate of Dartmouth in 1848, was associate 
principal at Thetford in the spring and summer of 1849. 
Though he was an enthusiast in this work, he soon abandoned 
teaching and devoted himself as earnestly to the law. He 
settled in practice at Dubuque, Iowa, and rose to a high, if not 
the highest, judicial position in that state. He died in Dubuque, 
Oct. 17, i8go. 

The Rev. Andrew Butler Foster, a former minister at East 
Orford, N. H., was associate principal with Mr. Orcutt in the 
autumn of 1849 and so continued till the spring of 185 1. He 
graduated at Amherst College in 1840. An accurate scholar 
and interesting preacher, we may assume that he was a good 
teacher. 

Enoch Charles Augustus Woods, a native of Newport, N. H., 
and a senior in Dartmouth College, was an assistant in the fall 
term of 1849. He afterwards graduated at Andover Theological 
Seminary, and as a missionary went to reside at Wapello, la., 
and died there just one year after his arrival. He was a pattern 
of honesty and fidelity. He married his schoolmate in the 
Academy, Miss Jane B. Porter, of Lyme, in 1853. 

Miss Laura Slade, afterwards Mrs. Snow, gave instruction in 
drawing in 1849, ^"d, as Mrs. Snow, in oil painting i<n 1870. 
Her own work was admirable, and she taught effectively. 
Gilbert D. Kingsbury taught penmanship two years, 1849 ^"^ 
1850. 

Miss Eliza A. Dubois of Randolph was an assistant two years 
and the preceptress three, from 1850 to 1854. She married 
Dr. Carlton P. Frost, Oct. 5, 1857. Her husband and two sons 
are now professors in Dartmouth College. 

Jacob Dalpe, a teacher of his vernacular, was the first native 
of France employed in the school. He began his instructions 
in 1850 and continued three years. Mr. Jonathan Cass was 
writing master in 185 1. 



40 

As soon as Gilbert Edwin Hood completed his course at 
Dartmouth in 185 1, Dr. Orcutt found him a place in his corps 
of teachers, thus illustrating the principle, that it is a part of 
good generalship to select able lieutenants. The same year 
Dr. D. P. Putnam lectured to the school on anatomy and 
physiology. 

In the autumn of 1852 Alfred Gaudelet, A. M., was secured 
as instructor in modern languages, of which he was proficient 
in several. Mrs. Gaudelet took charge of the students in 
instrumental music. They both held their positions to the end 
of Dr. Orcutt's term, or through the summer of 1855. 

Miss Catherine E. Conant was an assistant in the spring of 
1852, and Mr. Horace B. Woodworth, a junior in Dartmouth 
College, was also called to a similar office. He again became a 
teacher in the Academy after his graduation, being associate 
principal from 1853 to 1857. In 1890 he was the professor of 
mental and moral philosophy in the University of North Dakota 
at Grand Forks, and is still there. 

In 1853 Miss Louisa F. Belcher was an assistant teacher, 
Joseph Y. Cheney had charge of vocal music, and Oscar Taylor 
was the instructor in practical surveying. 

Mr. Charles Caverno, a graduate of Dartmouth College, was 
the associate principal one year from September, 1854. Rev. 
Dr. Caverno has been successively teacher, lawyer, farmer, and 
preacher, and after thirty years of faithful service in it, still 
exercises the last vocation at Boulder, Col. He received the 
degree "of doctor of laws from the University of Colorado in 
187 1. His daughter. Miss Julia Caverno, is now an assistant 
professor of Greek at Smith College. 

The Misses Ellen R. Putnam and Abbie H. Smith were 
assistants in 1854; the latter, of Waitsfield, Vt., remained till 
the end of the summer term of 1855 and became Mrs. Caverno 
in 1859. Also in 1854 Mr. E. K. Prouty taught vocal music; 
Nathaniel Burnham, surveying; and George A. Bucklin, pen- 
manship. The Rev. Edwin Hyde Alden, while preparing for 
college, taught writing in 1855. He graduated at Dartmouth in 
1859, and in 1890 resided at Lee Heights, South Dakota. 

This completes the list of Mr. Orcutt's forty-eight co-laborers. 




MISS ELIZA P. HOOD. 



41 

They all exerted themselves to sustain the character and popu- 
larity of the institution. It certainly speaks well for the wisdom 
of the master that so many worked together harmoniously under 
his direction. 

The reputation of the Academy can be best illustrated by the 
analysis of the school as it appears in the catalogue of 1854, the 
whole number of different students being an even four hundred. 
Of these Vermont furnished one hundred and seventy-five ; 
Massachusetts, one hundred ; New Hampshire, seventy-four ; 
New York, fifteen ; Connecticut, eleven ; Rhode Island, seven ; 
Maine, five; Texas, four; Canada, three; Indiana, Maryland, 
District of Columbia, Nova Scotia, France, and Syria, one 
each. Such wide-spread popularity and influence are difficult 
to explain. The time was indeed favorable to the success of 
such an enterprise. The country towns were full of young 
persons to be educated, and the high school had not yet begun 
its career of usefulness in New England. But the cause of this 
phenomenal success was, after all, chiefly in the man, an inde- 
fatigable worker, who never for a moment lost sight of his aim. 

Dr. Orcutt's resignation was accepted by the trustees March 
17, 1855. He continued to be actively employed in school 
duties till he had completed forty years of educational labor. 
Now in his eightieth year, he is still the responsible head of 
"The New England Bureau of Education" in Boston. 

But when Dr. Orcutt left the school it did not die. In fact, 
it is not going to die for a long while to come. But the times 
have changed, and I do not think the same Dr. Orcutt, under 
the present circumstances, could do again what he did then. 
However, I must not stay to discuss this subject, but must go 
on with the history of Thetford Academy as it has been. 

Mr. Gilbert Edwin Hood gave the school three years of the 
best part of his life. During that period fourteen new teachers 
were called into the service of the institution. His sister. Miss 
Eliza P. Hood, was preceptress for the entire term of her 
brother's service. Miss Lucinda R. Hood assisted in the fall 
term of 1855. Miss Sarah G. Heath was associate preceptress 
and teacher of music in i855-'57. Modern languages were 
taught by S. A. Buteau, and the " ornamental branches " by 



42 

Mrs. S. A. Buteau, from the fall term of 1S55 till the end of the 
winter of 1855. In 1855 George E. Herrick was the teacher of 
surveying, and A. L. Chatterton of penmanship. In 1856 vocal 
music was taught by Wm. H. Beals, and penmanship by O. W. 
Smith. The Rev. Henry Martyn Frost was associate principal 
in the autumn of 1857, and so continued for a year. Mr. Frost 
served as a chaplain in the army, and was rector of St. Stephen's 
church, Middlebury, in 1864; but his health failed, and a life 
of much early promise ended in 1866. Also in 1857 Miss 
E. S. Worcester gave instruction in instrumental music. Miss 
Charlotte Weston in the ornamental branches, and the primary 
department was in the care of Miss Jane M. Holden. Singing 
was taught by Mr. George F. Walker, and writing by Mr. E. E. 
Boardman. 

Mr. Hood closed his labors in the Academy with the summer 
of 1858. His graduating class of that year was thirty-two who 
had completed a three-years course of study. We think this is 
the largest graduating class on record. Mr. Hood resumed 
his legal practice in Lawrence, Mass., where he still resides ; 
but his present business is that of a banker. 

Mr. George Kellam Bartholomew took charge of the Academy 
in the autumn of 1858, immediately after graduating at Dart- 
mouth, having as his assistant William S. Hazen, who had just 
graduated at the University of Vermont. Miss Abby L. Pad- 
dock was instructor in music, Mr. B. F. Osgood and Mr. D. T. 
Ames in penmanship. Mr. Ames, a native of Strafford, has 
acquired a wide reputation as the head of a commercial college 
in the city of New York. 

Mr. Bartholomew closed his work in Thetford in the spring 
of 1859 ; but has continued to be a teacher, chiefly in Cincin- 
nati, O., and his alma mater recognized his superior merits in 
1888 by bestowing on him the honorary degree of doctor of 
philosophy. 

His associate, Mr. Hazen, became the principal in 1859 and 
so remained till the end of the summer of i860. Graduating 
at Andover Theological Seminary in 1863, since October 12, 
1864, the Rev. Dr. Hazen has been the pastor of a Congrega- 
tional church in Northfield, Vt. 



43 

His assistant for tlie fall term of 1859 was Mr. Henry Edward 
Butler, who graduated at the University of Vermont in 1861. 
He is now the pastor of a church in Jacksonville, Ills. Miss 
Nancy McFarland was preceptress in 1859 ; Miss Sarah E. 
Hazen, with Miss E. E. Garey as assistant, had charge of the 
primary department; and Mr. E. H. Russell gave lessons in 
elocution. 

During the spring and summer of 1859 Miss Mary E. Closson 
gave instruction in drawing and painting, also in i860 and 
1861. Other teachers were employed whose names have been 
already mentioned. 

Beginning with the autumn of 1859 Mrs. S. D. Stoddard was 
preceptress three terms ; and during the same period instru- 
mental music was taught by Mrs. Harriet Hosford Cushman, 
the sister of the Revs. Isaac and Benjamin Franklin Hosford, 
early students of this school and graduates of Dartmouth Col- 
lege. 

Dr. Charles Little graduated from Dartmouth in i860 and at 
once assumed the duties of principal at Thetford, to hold them 
for a year. He was from Boscawen, N. H., and his sister, Miss 
Priscilla Little, was preceptress. In the winter of i86o-'6i Dr. 
Little's health failing, his classmate, Arthur Little, took his place 
for the term. Miss Elizabeth Frost had charge of the primary 
department during that year. It occasioned no surprise in Thet- 
ford when not long afterwards the accomplished Miss Frost 
became Mrs. Arthur Little. Her early death was greatly 
lamented. The Rev. Dr. Arthur Little is now the pastor of a 
Congregational church in Dorchester, Mass. Dr. Charles Little 
died at Acton, Mass., Nov. 16, 1869. 

In the autumn of 1861 Mr. John Wright Norton, a recent 
graduate of the University of Vermont, became principal of the 
Academy; Miss Isabella G. Farr, preceptress; Miss Mary 
Heaton, teacher of the primary department ; and Mr. E. E. Board- 
man, of penmanship. Music, both vocal and instrumental, was 
in the safe care of Mr. Solon G. Smith. Mr. Norton is now 
engaged in business in Rutland, Vt. ; Miss Heaton has for years 
been a very successful teacher in Boston. Of the 102 students, 
thirty-six were in the classical department, which fact indicates 



44 

that the school had not degenerated in character, however much 
it had contracted in size. But young men at that time were 
imperatively demanded for the sterner duties of war, and few, 
comparatively, could indulge their desire for collegiate study. 
Miss Sarah E. Sherman assisted Mr. Norton in the winter and 
spring of 1863, when his engagement in the Academy terminated. 

The Rev. George Henry French, now of Meriden, N. H., was 
at the head of the school from September, 1863, to the spring 
of 1865, one term short of two years. Miss Jennie Sargent was 
preceptress ; Miss Cynthia C. Ranstead, the teacher of art 
studies; Miss Louisa A. Rugg was general assistant the first 
year, Miss Sarah A. Closson the second ; Miss Katharine 
Fletcher was the teacher of French the last year ; and Mr. R. 
T. Rawson, of penmanship. 

The war was still raging ; but the school increased some- 
what, still bore good fruits, and sent to Dartmouth one of her 
present professors. 

During the spring term of 1865 the Academy was in charge 
of the Rev. Leonard Tenney and Dr. Ezra C. Worcester. They 
were its proper guardians, being the president and secretary of 
the board of trustees ; and we know that it was well conducted. 

In the autumn of 1865 Mr. Alvah Sereno Howe of Amherst 
College, class of 1862, became the preceptor for one year, Mrs. 
Howe being the preceptress. We find no record showing the 
number of students, or whether other teachers were connected 
with its management ; therefore we infer that there were none. 
Mr. Howe is said to have died in 1877. 

During the fall term of 1866 the Academy was in charge of 
Charles Henry Chandler, then a senior at Dartmouth, now the 
professor of mathematics in Ripon College, Wisconsin. He 
was aided by Miss Eliza F. Dwinnell as preceptress ; and in 
music by Miss Emma Sherman. In a recent letter he says : " I 
carried through the term successfully, making, if my memory is 
correct, one hundred and fifty dollars net." On account of this 
success when working with so efficient a helper as Miss Dwin- 
nell, we dare to guess that Professor Chandler selected her as 
his helpmate for life ; nor can we doubt his sincerity when he 
wrote, "I have very pleasant memories of Thetford Hill." 



45 

Three months in the winter of i866-'7 John Henry Patterson, 
a senior of Dartmouth, was principal of our Academy. In a 
letter he says: "I look forward with much pleasure to a visit, 
at some future time, to the kind people of Thetford-on-the-Hill." 

Mr. Patterson is now president of " The National Cash Regis- 
ter Co.," Dayton, Ohio. 

Charles Parker Chase, an undergraduate of Dartmouth Col- 
lege, class of 1869, assisted by Miss Cynthia C. Ranstead, had 
charge of the Academy the fall and winter terms of i867-'8, and 
of i868-'9. Mr. Chase was tutor in Greek at Dartmouth from 
1870 to 1872, and instructor in the same language in 1880. 
Since 1890 he has been the treasurer of the college. 

John Henry Wardwell, then a senior at Dartmouth, taught in 
the Academy without assistance during the spring term of 1868. 
He has since devoted himself chiefly to the work of instruction, 
and is now a resident of Williamstown, Mass. 

Theodore Moses Barber, a junior in Dartmouth, was principal 
of the Academy in the spring of 1869. He was professor of 
the Latin language and literature in Western University, Penn- 
sylvania, from 1873 to 1879. 

The constant annual or more frequent changes in the man- 
agement of the school, had weakened its influence ; and the 
trustees now welcomed a prospect of more permanent control. 
Mr. David Turner, Jr., who had had a long and successful expe- 
rience at the head of a select school in Richmond, Va., had 
returned at the close of the war to Lyme, N. H., his native 
town, and was ready for an engagement to teach in New Eng- 
land. Negotiations were opened with him ; and his terms, 
which included some important improvements in the buildings, 
were acceded to, and the Academy was placed under his direc- 
tion. The results were entirely satisfactory ; a quiet and well- 
ordered school, more in the nature of a boarding-school than 
ever before. This was made necessary on account of the unwil- 
lingHess and inability of the village residents to fill their houses 
with young strangers as lodgers, or boarders. Mr. Turner 
entered upon his duties in September, i86g, and continued to 
discharge them acceptably till Nov. 25, 1881, Avhen. on account 
of impaired health, he sent to the trustees his resignation. 



46 

Catalogues were not issued by him after 1870, consequently 
there is not so complete a record of his work as we should now 
find useful. The school is said to have numbered from fifty to 
seventy students. Mr. Turner was chosen president of the 
board of trustees in 1878 and held that office till his death in 
1882. This mark of respect indicated plainly the high esteem 
in which he was held. 

Mrs. Turner was preceptress the first year of her husband's 
term of office. She was a native of Lyme, N. H., the daughter 
of the Rev. Baxter Perry. Before her marriage she was asso- 
ciated with her brother as preceptress of Chester Academy, 
where she was highly esteemed. 

Dr. William Leonard Worcester, a graduate of Dartmouth 
College in 1869, then resident of Thetford, but now of Little 
Rock, Ark., gave instruction to a few classes of the Academy 
in the autumn after his graduation. 

Miss Mary H. Parker was preceptress three years from 1870, 
in which year Miss Alma M. Sawyer assisted during the fall 
term. In 1872 and 1873 the Misses C. Idella Plimpton and 
Alice M. Snow were teachers in the Academj^, the former one 
year, the latter two. Miss Mary Redington, who was after- 
wards Mrs. Millikin of Maynard, Mass., gave instruction in the 
school in 1874 and 1875. In 1875 ^^'^ 1876 Miss Sawyer was 
preceptress a second term. Miss Katharine Fletcher, a grand- 
daughter of Dr. David Palmer previously mentioned, was pre- 
ceptress in 1876 and 1877 ; her sister Margaret, in 1877. Miss 
Helen V. Cochrane, now of Chicago, but a teacher in Akeley 
Institute, Grand Haven, Mich., was the preceptress two years, 
from 1878 to 1880. The last preceptress associated with Mr. 
Turner was Miss Georgia M. Dudley from the autumn of 1880 
to the close of the spring term of 1882. She is now Mrs. Gil- 
man C. Whipple of Lebanon, N. H. Owing to Mr. Turner's 
failing health, his son, Charles Humphrey Turner, a graduate 
of Williams College, performed the duties of principal during a 
large part of the autumn of 188 1. Knowing that many of you 
who are here to-day could mete out just praise to all these 
teachers, I have gladly mentioned their names, that you may 
call to mind their individual virtues and merits. 



47 

Mr. Benjamin Massey Weld of Middlebury College, class of 
1S77, was at the head of our Academy from December, 1881, 
to the close of the spring term of 1884. In 1882 Miss O. I. 
Conland as preceptress, Mr. O. T. Montague and M. Vertner 
Kenerson, as assistants completed the board of instruction. 

Miss Susan S. Worthen gave instruction in French and music 
in 1883, and Miss Minnie Bell Bean, in mathematics. The 
students numbered eighty-nine. 

In the autumn of 1884 Mr. William Henry Cummings, now 
principal of Kimball Union Academy, became the preceptor at 
Thetford. A triennial catalogue, issued in 1887, gives full 
information in respect to the board of instruction. Hearing 
their names, you will doubtless recall their good qualities. 
Miss Etta F. Morse was permanently the preceptress. Miss 
Lucy E. Nelson assisted in the fall and spring terms, i884-'5. 
Miss Adella A. Esterbrook two years, 1885 to 1887 ; Miss Nellie 
Coote and Miss Florence E. Pringle in 1887 and 1888. Music 
was not neglected. Mrs. Cummings gave instruction on the 
piano and organ, and Mr. George S. Worcester in singing. 
Penmanship was taught by Mr. E. J. Wheeler. It is needless 
to say that Mr. Cummings's departure from the school in the 
summer of 1888 was an occasion for deep regret. When Thet- 
ford Academy shall be properly endowed, such embarrassing 
interruptions will be less frequent. 

Mr. Julius Nathan Mallory, a graduate of Middlebury College 
in 187 1, was fortunately ready to fill the vacancy for the next 
three years. He had experience gained at Brandon, Vt., and 
at Winchester and Keene, N. H. Miss Morse still retained 
her position as preceptress, but Miss Harriet A. Blood took her 
place for a year in i889-'9o. Miss Abbie Garfield assisted in 
the autumn of 1888 ; Miss Helen F. Slade for the year 1889 ; 
Miss Alice Douglass for two terms in 1S89 ; and Miss Alice A. 
McDuffee in i89o-'9i. Instrumental music was in charge of 
Miss Nettie Sargent. A glance at the triennial of i889-'9i 
shows that creditable and systematic work had characterized 
those three years, and the interests of the school demanded no 
change. Nevertheless, a change came. 

In the autumn of 1891 the Academy came under the care of 



48 

the present principal, Fred Webster Newell, A. M., a graduate 
of Bates College in the class of 1889, who had educated himself 
for the special work of an instructor and had the advantage of 
a successful experience in the schools of Maine, New Hamp- 
shire, and Massachusetts. Under his judicious guidance the 
school is conducted on an excellent system, sufficiently elastic 
to meet the requirements of every student. Four courses of 
study are open to the election of varying needs and tastes. 
Thoroughness was never more decidedly the aim of the Acad- 
emy. And that this is attained in a high degree is evinced by 
the acquirements of the students. 

The school has been fortunate in having constantly the 
devoted cooperation of Mrs. Newell, as preceptress. Miss 
Alice Anna McDuffee gave valuable assistance in several 
branches for two years. Miss Margaret Fletcher then brought 
to the Academy that intelligent enthusiasm befitting one that 
may claim kinship to the able physician and man of science 
who in the early days of the institution did so much gratuitous 
work to advance its welfare. Effective work for the school in 
elocution was done by Mr. Edward Kent Hall of Dartmouth, 
class of 1892 ; and by Prof. D. Clinton Gardner of Lebanon, 
N. H. Instruction in instrumental music was ably given by 
Miss Mary Gillett Niles ; and in oil painting by Mrs. Sophie 
Gerry; while vocal music has been, as in past years, under the 
direction of Mr. George S. Worcester. 

It is indeed a great pleasure to be able to say that the Acad- 
emy to-day is doing its work with a vigor and effectiveness 
worthy of an institution whose past record is so honorable. As 
a well-ordered, earnest, hard-working, progressive school, well 
adapted in every respect to the wants of the surrounding com- 
munity, it ought to prosper and receive a generous patronage 
— a patronage which will encourage the fidelity and permanency 
of those who must live as well as labor. A moiety of the zeal 
and devotion which established this Academy will keep it strong 
and nourishing. 

In completing our historical review of the dear old Academy 
it seems proper to consider briefiy the results of these seventy- 
five years of educational effort. Several thousands of men and 



49 

women have here been equipped with the advantages of a higher 
education ; they have here been awakened to higher aims and aspi- 
rations. They have here been subjected to a discipline whereby 
they have been quaUfied to exert a benign power in the home, in 
the school, and in society. The salutary influence of the school 
has been carried by its students into many lands ; and this 
influence will continue to be felt increasingly as time rolls on. 

This Academy has also sent out 184 men to graduate from 
the colleges and professional schools of New England. Many 
of these have merited and received the higher honors which our 
colleges can bestow. Of course the Academy did not make 
these men what they became, or what they are to-day : but it 
gave them their opportiuiity, and in many cases roused and 
prompted them to their noble career of usefulness and honor. 

Nor let it be forgotten that in the coming years woman will 
be here fitted to participate in collegiate study. She is already 
displaying her talents and competing for honors in collegiate halls. 
The girls of Thetford Academy must therefore be ready to 
improve the new privileges proffered them at Middlebury and 
Burlington, and, when the more conservative Dartmouth, under 
the pressure of new ideas, shall throw open her doors to all 
minds capable of doing her work, they must be the first to 
accept her generosity. The daughter of a former associate 
principal of our Academy is now a teacher of the Greek lan- 
guage in a Massachusetts college ; and the tuition of high schools 
and academies is coming more and more into the hands of edu- 
cated women. 

Thus it appears that the opportunities and responsibilities 
of this institution are constantly enlarging. Therefore, let the 
citizens of this fortunate town and the friends of the Academy 
everywhere see to it that the beacon light, placed by the fathers 
on this beautiful eminence, shall always be kept burning brightly, 
to enlighten and cheer the vigorous sons and daughters of Ver- 
mont and prepare them to go out into our broad land to share 
its achievements, shape its destiny, and enjoy its honors. 
4 



POEM. 

BY HON. EDWARD A. JENKS, A. M. 

[Hon. Edward A. Jenks, A. M., of Concord, N. H., was born in Newport, 
N. H., October 30, 1830. His father was a farmer. He was a student at 
Thetford Academy in iS50-'5i. In 1852 he became one of the proprietors 
of The Manchester (N. H.) Aniericati, and continued one of its publishers for 
four years. In 1858 he became proof-reader in a large printing establish- 
ment in New York city, where he remained until 1S61 ; then for four years 
was connected with Alexander Swift & Co., Cincinnati, O., who built four 
monitors for the government. At the close of the war he went to Vicksburg, 
Miss., as a purchaser of cotton for a Cincinnati house, and remained there 
until called to the business management of the Republican Press Associa- 
tion of Concord, N. H., October i, 1871. In this position he remained for 
twenty-one years — to 1S92. 

Mr. Jenks was twice elected state printer, and he was appointed by Gov- 
ernor Prescott reporter of the decisions of the supreme court, which office he 
held several years. In 18S9 he received honorary A. M. from Dartmouth 
College. 

Mr. Jenks married, in 1852, Miss Harriet S. Stickney, of Concord, N. H. 
He has three children.] 

In a far Eastern land — the splendid Sunrise land — 

There lived a King, three thousand years ago ; 
So wise was he, so gentle, and so large of heart. 

That all the kings of earth would come, and go. 
And come again, to question him, and catch the pearls 

Of wisdom that, like gleaming drops of dew. 
Fell from his rich, ripe lips. His fame spread over all 

The lands ; — and once a queen, with retinue 
Of camels that bore spices, and much gold, and stones 

Most precious — the most beautiful and wise 
Of women — came to prove him with hard questions. But 

The half had not been told ; — she veiled her eyes ; 
There was no spirit left in her. She sadly turned — 

This proud and noble dame — back to her own 
Fair land, with ail her train of servants, cattle, gifts. 

And stores of wisdom hitherto unknown, 
A nobler, sweeter, purer, queenlier queen 
Than wise King Solomon had ever seen. 




HON. EDWARD A. JENKS, A.M. 



51 



But once — so runs the tale — the great King Solomon 

Received command from a far Greater King 
To build a palace — a grand temple — to His Name, 

Whose richness and magnificence should ring 
Adown the laggard ages — unapproachable 

By king or potentate, ere yet the tide 
Of Time should drift us all upon the farther shore 

And close the record on the hither side. 

The great King called his builders and his architects 

Into close counsel, and his plans were told ; 
But there were not, in all his realm, artificers 

In wood and brass and ivory and gold 
With skill and subtle wisdom equal to the task 

Of inlaid work and carved cherubim. 
Gigantic pillars of bright brass, a molten sea 

With just three hundred knops beneath the brim, 
And lions, massive oxen, brazen wheels, and all 

The thousand other weird and wondrous things 
That made this palace of the Greater King divine — 

A wonder of the world, as history sings. 

The great King's heart was sorely troubled, and he went 

To the high tower where he was wont to pray, 
And drew a soft divan to the great window, where 

He could overlook the city ; — 't was broad day — 
But he was weary, sad, and sick at heart, for he 

Could see no sunshine brightening his way. 
Some unseen finger touched his tremulous eyes — he slept. 

A voice familiar fell upon his ear : 
" O King ! take heart of grace : thy father's dearest friend. 

The King of Tyre, will help thee ; never fear ! 
Awake ! e'en now his servant standeth at thy door 

With kindly messages for David's son." 
The king awoke : the dream was true — the problem solved : 

The building of the palace was begun. 

Meanwhile (the king was very near the hearts of all 

His loyal subjects) a vague rumor spread 
Throughout the city that his heart was troubled sore 

Because he had no artisan with head 



52 



Sufficient for the royal task ; and sympathy 

And tender helpfulness and kindly words 
Came up from every side. But one bright early morn 

A flock of brilliant-plumaged, white-winged birds 
Came flying o'er the city from the smiling west, 

And all the air was full of sparkling song, 
Which seemed to say to all those eager ears, — " Cheer up, 

For help is coming, and 't will not be long ! 
Look to the west ! Cheer up !" — and then they circled round 

And o'er the expectant city, till the hearts 
Of all grew lighter than the lightest thistle-down : 

E'en merchants came from all the crowded marts 
To join the throng : and as they gazed, came winding down 

The hills, with rapid, graceful, easy swing, 
A long procession — horses, camels, men — and at 

Their head the grand old man from Tyre — the king ! 
As this great retinue approached the wide-eyed throng. 

And recognition came like lightning flash — 
" Hiram of Tyre !" they cried — "The King ! Hiram the King I 

Hiram our Benefactor!" Crash on crash 
The shouts rolled back in thunder peals, wave after wave. 

Over the city, over hill — and hill — 
Dying away in faintest echoes, as dies the storm 

At the great Master's mandate — " Peace ! be still !" 

So Solomon and Hiram, friends and lovers, built 

That wondrous pile. Their fleets sailed side by side 
To Ophir, and brought back great store of ivory 

And gold and precious stones, and fabrics dyed 
In the rich colors of those fabled Eastern climes. 

To decorate the temple ; and the King 
Of Tyre denuded Lebanon of cedars, firs. 

And everything of worth, that he might bring 
The oil of gladness to its humble worshippers. 

And when the task of that seven years was done — 
The twice one hundred thousand laborers at rest — 

That regal dream stood flashing in the sun, 
The grandest epic of the ages, and the best. 

Thus runs the strange old story; — it is quaintly told 

On dim and musty parchments, in the deep 
And dark recesses of an ancient monastery 



53 



In the far East, where strangest legends sleep, 
And only curious travellers, who dig and delve 

For hidden gems, can rouse them from their slumbers: 
Let them sleep. 

Alas for that grand pile ! Where — where is it to-day? 

No human eye for eighteen hundred years 
Has gazed upon its towers and peerless pinnacles : 

'T is buried in a soundless sea of tears. 

****** 

Another temple — not so grand and beautiful — 

We sing to-day ; a temple reared by hands 
And hearts and brains as true as ever struck a blow 

For love of God and man in Eastern lands ; 
A temple round whose modest pillars cUng the loves 

Of thousands who have worshipped at its shrine. 
Whose tender memories, quivering through the haze of years, 

Dress it in robes that seem almost divine ; 
A temple reared to Education, Truth, and God, 

Most of whose builders lie beneath the sod. 

And yet this temple groweth still — it is not done : 

Of years three score and ten and five, it stands 
Baring its white, cool, youthful forehead to the sun. 

Gazing adown the centuries, its hands 
Outstretched in passionate welcome to the splendid sons 

And daughters of the future, whose clear eyes — 
As full of sweetest laughter as your mountain brooks — 

Shall aye reflect the nations' destinies. 
Here shall they come, in troops, to taste the cooling spring. 

And thirsty souls shall drink, and drink again, 
And, passing out these academic doors, shall go 

To raise to higher planes their fellow-men. 

Another Hiram, too, we sing — and every inch 

A man — a king — yea, every inch a king 
No whit the less than he of fragrant memory 

Whose praise the Poet has essayed to sing. 
The strength and wisdom of his ripe and golden years. 

His forceful, guiding hand and teeming brain, 
Helped fashion here a fane so grand, we could but think 

The King of Tyre had come to earth again. 



64 



To-day we saw a long procession winding up 

The hill, in gay attire, and at its head 
A form and face familiar in the years gone by : 

Our hearts were lighter — baleful fancies fled — 
For in that noble form we saw Hiram the King ! 

And warm hearts greeted him with silent cheers. 
No crown of gold sat heavy on his brow — instead. 

The rime of wisdom and of four-score years, 
As light and airy as the fleecy clouds of June 

Afloat in ether ; and an easy grace, 
Born of a life well spent, spread o'er his countenance : 

We thought he had a wondrous lovely face. 
Welcome, King Hiram, to your own! — a kingdom won 
By the sheer force of duties nobly, grandly done ! 

And here, upon the summit of this sun-crowned height, 

A beacon light, this modern temple stands. 
And hearts of gold will turn to her their eager feet, 

Drawn to her altars by her high commands. 
Her gracious light shall not be hid ; — like Joseph's kin- 

The sun, the moon, and the eleven stars 
And the encircling mountains feel their pulses thrill 

With humble homage, and shall leap the bars 
That stand between them and old Thetford Hill. 

The Poet, from the vantage-ground of his high tower 

Upon the rocky, thunderous coast of Maine, 
Looks out of his wide window on the turbulent sea 

And sees uncounted ships — an endless train — 
Go sailing by, and every canvas swelling with 

The hope and faith that high endeavor knows. 
How eagerly their white arms welcome every breeze, 

From softest kisses to the hardest blows ! 
See how the salt spray leaps and flashes in the sun, 

And falls in cooling drops upon the prow ! 
See how the parting waters humbly step aside 

To leave a pathway for the gleaming plow ! 
And you can hear the jocund voices of the crew 

Come lilting o'er the waves — / hear them now I 
So each fair ship goes sailing on — and on — and on — 

Bound to some far-off port — God only knows 



55 



The where, or whether its great anchor ever will 
Be cast where never more the wild wind blows ; 

Or whether, as the full ripe years go marching by. 
These brave craft, weather-beaten, canvas-torn, 

Will proudly sail across the harbor-bar of home 

And cast their anchors where their hopes were born. 

Old Thetford Hill has sent her noblest craft to sea : 

Where are they now? — Sometimes she cries, with tears, 
"When will my ships — my splendid ships — come back to me? 

When will my ships come home?" But darkest fears 
Give place to triumph ! Look ! This early morn a soft 

Brisk breeze across the white-capped waters blew : 
A fleet of bellying sail came flying down the wind. 

On every deck a bronzed, stout-hearted crew. 
And look around you now ! These faces — do you know? — 
Are but the ships Old Thetford launched — her ships of long ago. 



Rev. W. J. Tucker, D. D., LL. D., president of Dartmouth Col- 
lege, was then introduced, and spoke with especial appropriate- 
ness and marked effect upon the relation of the academy and 
college, and of the consideration which is coming back from the 
far West to seek opportunities in the East, pointing to a revival 
of interest in New England enterprises and institutions. 



EXERCISES IN THE TENT. 

An ample tent had been erected on the common by the enter- 
prising committee. After exercises in the church two hundred 
and twenty-six sat down to dinner provided by Mr. Lawrence, 
proprietor of the Wheelock Hotel, Hanover, N. H. Dr. Bick- 
nell presided in his usual happy manner, introducing the speak- 
ers with apt allusions. The following are some of the speeches 
in substance : 

Dr. Alvah Hovey said, — I esteem it a very great privilege to 
be present at this time, and, with others, pay my respects to 
Thetford Academy, The hill on which it stands was dear to 
me from childhood. On it the militia of the town were accus- 
tomed to meet for parade and drill when the "training day" 
came round. On it stood the ancient meeting-house where Dr. 
Burton officiated during half a century. Here was the store of 
"Kendrick & Latham," with the post-office and the village 
tavern. Here was the residence of Dr. Palmer, our family phy- 
sician. And here was the Academy, just across the common 
from the office and home of "Esquire Short," the only lawyer 
of the place, a genial and upright man, who, as we have heard, 
was one of the founders of the school. North of the Academy 
stands the house of Mr. and Mrs. Watson, where I boarded and 
studied during my second term at the Academ}^, " doing 
chores " for the aged couple in payment for board. There I 
took, with some hesitation, my first cup of tea, to gratify the 
kind-hearted lady who insisted that I must need the effect of the 
gentle beverage to guard me against the winter's cold. Well 
do I remember the daughter also, whose modest and cheerful 
ways added greatly to the pleasure of my residence there. 

The principal of the school at that time was Mr. Richards, a 
young gentleman of fine character and bearing. Without spe- 
cial brilliancy of manner or fluency of speech, he understood 
the art of teaching, and commanded the respect of every pupil. 



57 

What he said was always to the point, and under his instruction 
the difficulties 6f arithmetic and grammar vanished rapidly 
away. The work of composition was more exacting, yet attrac- 
tive, but the practice of declamation was a terror not easily 
subdued by a farmer boy of sixteen summers. 

Thus the weeks sped swiftly by, and the first six months of 
academic life were gone. On the whole they were busy, 
delightful, profitable months; and though I was led by a variety 
of reasons to complete my preparation for college on the other 
side of the Green mountains, I remember Thetford Academy, 
which is almost in sight of my boyhood home, as the school 
where I first learned to study in any true sense of the word, and 
where the direction of my life was really fixed. From that 
period dates my desire to know more than could be learned at 
the plough or the carpenter's bench, and I shall never cease to 
love and bless the school which awakened the purpose that has 
shaped my life. Others may have learned more at the academy, 
but none have a more sincere regard for its prosperity in days 
to come. 

Mr. Hood said, — It is pleasant to be once more on Thetford 
hill. To be surrounded by the faces and listen to the voices 
with which we were once so familiar. Character which was in 
part formed here has shown with a healthful lustre from Maine 
to California, from Montana to Georgia, and in lands far away. 
As we meet here to-day, some of us coming from so far, and 
recall our younger days, with their struggles, their joys, and their 
hopes, and remember, with a better judgment than we then 
had, what Thetford Academy has done for us, and for so many 
others perhaps more worthy than we are, does it not become us 
to ask what we can do in return ? How can we in some meas- 
ure pay the debt we owe ? 

May there not come out of the influences of these renewed 
associations that which will enable the grand old school to do 
in the newer life of to-day that which it was doing forty or fifty 
years ago? Certainly we would all rejoice to see in this beau- 
tiful location, surrounded by the green hills and fertile valleys 
of Vermont and New Hampshire, Thetford Academy, a perpet- 
ual fountain of everlasting good. 



58 

The president called on Judge Chester C. Conant, who for 
more than twenty years past had been a judge in active work in 
Massachusetts, to represent "The Law." 

He said, — I am happy to meet so many of the former Thet- 
ford students and once more look them in the face. I have 
looked forward for weeks in anticipation of this meeting, and as 
I look around here and see these familiar faces, the old gradu- 
ates, the Reverends, the Honorables, and men with long military 
titles, and the dignified matrons with them, I am reminded of 
what old Grandpa Frost once said in those good old days. As 
he went into the parlor of his boarding house and found a 
couple sparking there, when he turned and found another 
couple on the piazza, and still a third couple .on the lawn, he 
quaintly remarked to Grandma Mehitable, "They say that 
matches are made in heaven. If that 's so I must confess that 
Thetford hill must be a very heavenly place." 

And so many of my good friends have found their mates 
here that I am inclined to think that the old man was more 
than half right. [A voice, " How was that yourself. Judge?" 
"Well, I shall have to plead guilty to the soft impeachment."] 

After all, my friends, how common it is for unthinking people 
to indulge in slanderous remarks concerning law, lawyers, and 
the practice of the law. And in behalf of the many Thetford 
students who have become lawyers I feel bound to say that I 
do not know of any other profession or business that could live 
and endure such slanders and so much abuse. And if half of 
it were true the legal profession would not survive. But the 
fact is, there is no other profession that I know of that has so 
many and such noble representatives as the law, or where more 
pains is taken to prevent fraudulent or dishonorable transac- 
tions, and to keep its ranks pure. No dishonorable lawyer can 
thrive. No rascal can practise law a great while at any rate. 
The courts and judges at once bounce him when he is found 
out. And the people whose best and dearest interests are com- 
mitted to the care of the lawyer, whose money, reputation, and 
domestic happiness are often involved, depend upon absolute 
fidelity and honesty. They soon know whom to trust. It is also 



59 

true, whenever a man of learning, honor, integrity, of pure life 
and character, is sought for as a judge to'administer the law, he 
is always found in the legal ranks. And I am glad to know 
that so many of our Thetford boys have achieved distinction, 
and made their mark in the law. They have blessed the com- 
munity in which they lived. Their honorable and useful lives 
have reflected honor and credit on this venerable school and the 
good men who have planted here the seeds of usefulness in 
life. 

Rev. Wm. S. Palmer, D. D., of the class of '50, was called to 
speak for another profession. He said, — 

My profession needs no defence, as my friend Conant seems 
to feel that his does, and I have nothing to prevent my saying 
at once what I want to say on this occasion. Yesterday, some 
of us heard a good deal said at Dartmouth about how greatly 
indebted we are to the college. I am at the farthest remove 
from wishing to substract in the least from that great indebted- 
ness ; yet I feel very sure that many of us owe no less to the 
academy— especially to Thetford Academy. 

It has l^een suggested to-day that this institution did not come 
into being by accident ; but was the outcome of determined and 
dauntless endeavor on the part of earnestly devout men. My 
coming to this Academy, fifty years ago next autumn, was in 
no sense an accident. My mother had been from time to time, 
before her marriage, in the families of Dr. Burton and other 
influential men on this hill of Zion. She knew the spirit 
breathed in those honored households ; and w^hen her boy 
became old enough to go away from home to school, her 
only thought was of Thetford Academy. She felt that here 
he might be led to breathe deeply the Spirit of our only true 
Master. 

For years past, I have had hanging in my study photographs 
of the three persons to whom I owe more than to any others 
outside of my own present family. Strange as it may seem, 
neither one of these three photographs is that of my venerated 
college president. Dr. Lord, or that of any member of the grate- 
fully remembered Dartmouth professors of my day. The first 



60 

of the three, I need not say, is that of my sainted mother, 
and how I wish I might now tell her how more and more as 
the years roll on I realize my debt of gratitude to her. When 
I was but a little child, I knew perfectly well what sphere of life 
she wished her only boy might find and fill. I knew it as well 
as I knew she was alive. Not that she often said it. I cannot 
remember her ever saying it or praying for it in so many words ; 
but somehow it "went without saying." She breathed it in her 
spiritual breath. She wrought into her boy the feeling that no 
sacrifice could be too great if thereby he could make his life tell 
for the spiritual and eternal good of men. That fact was the 
inspiration of my childhood and youth. 

But, at length, I came to need a type of influence which my 
mother could not bring to bear upon me. Her native trend of 
mind often led her to despair of realizing the noblest ends of 
effort. Often what she most longed for, she dared not hope for. 
An inspiration of fresh courage and determination, was a primal 
result of my coming to this Academy. Our honored principal's 
face is the second of the three that have looked down upon 
me from my study walls. His kindly laying his hand upon 
my shoulder one afternoon, only a few rods from where we 
are gathered this hour, and earnestly asking me if I would 
pronounce myself purposing to be a Christian the first oppor- 
tvmity.that offered, and adding, "It may be the turning point," 
led me to that public confession of Christ, which I have reason 
to believe determined the course of my life-work, and mayhap my 
destiny for time and eternity. Ever after that hour, Dr. Orcutt 
was constantly bringing me a needed courage to undertake the 
utmost I was capable of doing. Without that help, I tremble 
to think how much more useless my life had been than it has 
proved. 

A schoolmate, however, especially in academy days, often exerts 
an influence scarcely second to a principal's. More than I can 
tell, I needed the constant companionship of those whose influ- 
ence, like Dr. Orcutt's, was fitted to drive out of my being a 
native tendency to give up trying to overcome serious obstacles. 
The third face on my study walls is that of one who, alike in 
youth and manhood, in academy and college, in war and peace, 



61 

in pulpit and on the platform, has been habitually trampling 
under his feet every type of hindrances to sublimest success 
in his life-work — my academy and college room-mate, and my 
life-long friend, General Eaton, To him, and not less by any 
means to my still closer life-companion, I owe not a little of 
whatever constancy and energy have marked my course. 

I have dared to dwell so minutely upon these personal par- 
ticulars, because they illustrate what type of influences begin 
to be decisive during the academy course of study. The most 
decisive influences of life, in the great majority of cases, are 
met earlier than one's college days. The academy is called 
with a calling transcendently high. The Christian academy 
is simply indispensable to the best interests of our rising race. 
It is preeminently indispensable in such a place as this, remote 
from the valuable helps of high schools, supported at public 
expense. The academy alone must be the heaven-chosen source 
of inspiration to highest endeavor on the part of that gifted boy 
or girl in yonder obscure home, to whom President Tucker so tell- 
ingly pointed us earlier this afternoon. The light of Thetford 
Academy, on this delightful eminence, encircled by yonder mag- 
nificent mountains, cannot be spared by these townships on 
either side of the river. So long as it continues to burn on its 
lofty watchtower, it "cannot be hid." 

Judge Morrill said, — 

I am somewhat overwhelmed by this very complimentary 
introduction. At home, where I am better known, I am not 
accustomed to such flattering words. Really, sir, I am taken a 
little by surprise by this call, for you stated at the outset that 
you intended to call only upon the good-looking old Thetford 
boys, and therefore I was feeling assured that I should escape. 
I am, however, glad to be with you to-day. I hardly need say 
this for I have come a thousand miles, in part to revisit these 
scenes and to revive the memories of this hour. 

About a year ago I received a circular announcing some sort 
of a reminiscential gathering here. At first it brought confu- 
sion to my mind, for the busy cares of more than thirty years 
life in a great city had somewhat dimmed the recollections of 



62 

old Thetford. But memory soon did its work, and incident 
after incident was revived, so that some of the pleasantest 
thoughts of the year have centered upon the events of those 
early days spent here. 

A few weeks ago another circular came, urging those who had 
sown seeds of learning and knowledge at this institution to 
return, bringing their sheaves with them. Not all of us have 
reaped a large harvest, but such as it is we cordially and grate- 
fully lay it at the feet of this our foster mother. Especially do 
I acknowledge my obligation to the instructors of my day, 
Orcutt, Hood, Woodworth, and their associates, whose presence 
happily graces this occasion. 

Yesterday my attention was called to the old motto of the 
Academy, which I had forgotten, " Firmiim fimdamcntum 
pone.'''' A waggish Dartmouth alumnus suggested that this 
meant, "Laying the foundation firmly through a pony." Cer- 
tainly this was not the construction given to it in my day. It is 
President Eliot, I think, who says that the object of education 
is fourfold; to teach the power of observation, of memory, and 
the application of knowledge, and the ability to express it. 

With me in some of these lines the very foundation was laid 
in these halls. Did time permit I would gladly dwell upon the 
great work achieved by this institution in the seventy-five years 
of its existence. Through evil and good report, in times of its 
adversity as well as prosperity, it has moved steadily on its 
way, standing like a beacon light on this beautiful summit, 
shedding its beneficent influence in all directions. 

What \york has been done by this long line of devoted 
teachers, whose honored names have been recalled in the his- 
torical address to which we have just listened ! All are familiar 
with the wonderful progress made in educational development 
during this period in the great West. Some of us sons of 
Thetford have taken some part in this and know how much that 
great movement has been inspired and moulded by the example 
of this and kindred institutions of the East, and by the rich- 
ness and flavor of culture incident to your superior age and 
experience. And while in no wise denying our allegiance to 
those newer agencies we confess that our hearts turn toward and 



63 

our best affections cluster around these gray old institutions 
founded in the early days. It may not be foreign to this occa- 
sion to allude to some phases of the wonderful progress we 
have witnessed during the more than a generation that has 
passed since some of us went forth from this place. The great 
Civil War has brought universality of freedom, equality of right 
before the law, and forever settled, we may hope, the Webster- 
ian doctrine of the indestructibility of the Union. It has 
broken down the barriers between the North and the South, 
social, commercial, and political, and given us a more perfect 
union. But let us not be deceived. Great social and economic 
questions are pressing hard upon us, touching this very hour the 
boundary line of extreme socialism and anarchy. This is inci- 
dent perhaps to our marvellous social and material progress, 
with which higher education has hardly kept pace. We may 
well inquire what is the remedy for this evil. We answer that 
for the moment it is in the speedy and resistless application of 
force. But ultimately I believe it is to be found, not in that 
great money power which is overshadowing the country, nor on 
the other hand in the great masses, who, armed with the ballot, 
are struggling over these questions with zeal, but without 
knowledge. In my judgment it lies in that mighty impulse 
toward higher education, of which President Tucker has just 
spoken, and which is quickening the pulse of the nation 
throughout every fibre. It is the young men and women whom 
we are to-day sending forth from this and similar institutions, 
and those of a higher class, who are to solve these great ques- 
tions and save the people from themselves in their mad spirit of 
unrest. To the end that they may do well this work and settle 
these questions upon a permanent, sound, and national basis, 
there is need of renewed interest in higher education, and of 
closer sympathy between, and greater unity of thought, method, 
and action on the part of, our institutions of learning through- 
out all parts of the land. In a sense a new contest is before 
us for national unity and safety. 

May I not take back to the educators of Ohio, in one line of 
whose work I am engaged, the greeting of these friends of edu- 
cation, and the assurance of this large' body of graduates and 



64 

the supporters of this honored institution that they are ready to 
unite in that which is wisest, be^t, and most expedient in this 
great contest ? 

Dr. Orcutt spoke in substance as follows : 

A well-known law in hydraulics, that "a stream cannot rise 
higher than its fountain," has seemingly been violated in the 
history of Thetford Academy. In the twelve of the seventy- 
five chapters of the history of this academy, this exception to 
nature's law, has been forcibly revealed. 

The Preceptor of the old academy, during these twelve years, 
I will assume, was the fountain, and his boys the streams flow- 
ing from it. Then Preceptor was the tallest man in the academy. 
Now look at the presiding officer, at the head of this table. He 
was one of these boys, but he has grown so tall that he does not 
know whether he lives on earth or in the heavens. His expla- 
nation of the fact was that Preceptor started his growth, but 
did not stop it. A more reasonable explanation is: He was 
born and reared in Rhode Island, a state so small that he 
could grow only in one direction ; and his head is bald 
because it reaches beyond the region of vegetation. 

Again, from 1843 to 1855, Preceptor was more portly than 
any of his boys, but now what a contrast between him and the 
general, over yonder ! His physical greatness, as a specimen, 
is due to the fact that he has enjoyed the freedom of the nation, 
and has been well fed. In another and more important sense, 
these streams have risen above their fountain. 

Where do we now find these men who were boys in Thetford 
Academy, forty years ago ? Many of them are foremost in the 
active life of the nation. 

The profession of law is honored, not only by many of these 
now able advocates at the bar, but by leaders in the courts and 
upon the platform. As examples, I may mention Anson S. Mar- 
shall, district attorney for New Hampshire ; Baxter E. Perry, for 
more than thirty years a prominent lawyer in the city of Boston 
and now mayor of the city of Medford ; Judge Samuel M. Glea- 
son, one of the trustees of Thetford Academy ; Hon. A. W. Ten- 
ney, U. S. district attorriey, at Brooklyn, N. Y., and president of 



65 

Dartmouth College alumni, and orator at General Grant's tomb 
on the last Memorial Day; Hon. Lyman Hinkley, lieutenant- 
governor of Vermont ; Hon. H. J. Boardman, of Boston, for two 
years president of the Massachusetts senate ; Judge James B. 
Richardson, of Boston, one of the trustees of Dartmouth Col- 
lege ; Gen. C. E. Hovey and S. R. Bond, of the Washington 
bar ; Gen. J. Sanborn of St. Paul ; Judge C. C. Conant, of 
Greenfield, Mass., and Hon. Ira Colby, of Claremont, N. H. 

The medical profession enrolls among its able practitioners 
and distinguished scholars many Thetford boys. I may men- 
tion among the scholars. Dr. William L. Worcester, for sixteen 
years assistant superintendent in the insane asylums at Kala- 
mazoo, Mich., and Little Rock, Ark., and an able writer upon 
medical subjects, and Prof. C. P. Frost, M. D., LL. D., for many 
years and now, at the head of the medical department of Dart- 
mouth College. 

The profession of the ministry has welcomed to its pulpits 
many of our boys, as able preachers and useful pastors, at 
home and abroad, who have reflected much honor upon the 
Academy. Among those who have been and are prominent, I 
will name Rev. Wilson A. Farnsworth, D. D., who for more than 
forty years, has been a kind of bishop among the missionaries 
of Turkey, Rev. William S. Palmer, D. D., Rev. Alfred Putnam, 
D. D., Rev. George W. Gardner, D. D., and Rev. Calvin C. Hul- 
bert, D. D. 

In the profession of teaching, Thetford graduates have held 
conspicuous and honored positions. Three college presidents 
are among this number. General Eaton (who was also for six- 
teen years at the head of the National Bureau at Washington, 
D. C), Dr. Gardner, and Dr. Hulbert. Also, at least, three col- 
lege professors. Professor Perry of Williams College, Professor 
Ruggles of Dartmouth College, and Professor Woodworth of 
North Dakota University (Professor Perry, the author of a 
popular treatise on political economy, and a champion of free 
trade against protection, who was once pitted against Horace 
Greeley in a public discussion upon this subject. The last time 
I met the professor he spoke with great earnestness upon his 
favorite subject, alluding sneeringly to " a duty on hides " which 



66 

was then under discussion in congress. I said to him that he 
doubtless knew more than I did upon this disputed question of 
public policy, but one thing I did know, I did my duty on hides, 
while he was a student in Thetford Academy, and to this fact 
he doubtless owed his success). 

I will further mention Hon. Gilbert E. Hood, my honored 
successor as principal of Thetford Academy ; Dr. T. W. Bick- 
nell, the teacher, state supervisor, and editor; Edward A. Jenks, 
A. M., our honored poet, of Concord, N. H. ; Hon. Edward 
Conant, state superintendent of education, and principal of a 
normal school in Vermont ; Hon. Frederick Bates, superin- 
tendent of schools, and mayor of Titusville, Pa. ; Rev. Carlos 
Slafter, our honored historian, and for forty years high school 
principal ; Mr. George C. Mack ; Mr. Henry Babcock, the dis- 
tinguished botanist, and Mr. S. W. Burnham, the astronomer, 
both each an acknowledged authority on these subjects in this 
country and in Europe. Mr. David L. Petegrew of Worcester, 
an expert in insurance, and Mr. Horace W. Thompson of Bel- 
lows Falls, Vt., a prince among business men. 

Thetford Academy also shared in the sacrifices and honors 
of the Civil War. Gen. John Eaton gained his title by his 
official connection with the grand Union army. Gens. Charles 
E. Hovey and John B. Sanborn ; Majors E. W. and E. P. Farr; 
Col. Samuel Adams ; Capts. George Farr, Thomas Sanborn, and 
Edwin B. Frost; surgeons, Professors C. P. Frost and Samuel 
Thayer ; Dr. H. H. Gillett, Dr. John M. Eaton, and Dr. R. O. 
Mason, assistant surgeons, — all did excellent service on the 
field, in the camp, and in the navy. General Hovey was 
severely wounded, and Capt. Edwin B. Frost shot dead in 
battle. 

All these and many more of Thetford boys have earned 
honorable distinction in public life. Hence you see the Pre- 
ceptor, who was the fountain head in the days of his glory, is 
now nowhere, while the streams are flooding the nation, and 
fertilizing the fields in every department and sphere of life. 
But the Preceptor is not envious but proud of the success and 
merited honors of his former pupils ; for he remembers that he 
was once their teacher and that they are still his friends. 



67 

I must not fail here to recall and honor the noble women 
who were school girls at Thetford Academy during the time 
under review. They were, at least, the equals of the boys, 
in character and scholarship, in fidelity and loyalty. The 
charm of their influence was constantly and everywhere felt 
for good, in these relations, as it has been since in the 
family, in the school, and in society. As wives, mothers, and 
teachers, they have not only honored their Alma Mater, but 
have blessed the nation and the world. A faithful record of 
their lives would require volumes. I can only allude to the 
honorable positions some of them have filled, and the great 
work they have accomplished. Many deserve honorable men- 
tion, but I can name but few. 

The home is a little kingdom of which the wife and mother 
is the queen, the central light and the moulding power. The 
school is an expansion of the family, and the teacher ranks with 
the mother as the educator of our race. Both in the family and 
school, woman holds the most important and influential position. 
She educates every generation of children and moulds the char- 
acter of the nation. For these important positions Thetford 
Academy fitted many of her daughters. Most of the wives, 
whom I here mention, held responsible positions as teachers 
before their marriage : Mrs. Mary (Clemant) Leavitt, Mrs. 
Eliza (Du Bois) Frost, Mrs. Fannie (Walbridge) Palmer, Mrs. 
Susan (Fisher) Mack, Mrs. Kate (Gillett) Niles, Mrs. Caroline 
(Palmer) Farnsworth, Mrs. Mary (Woodward) Hulbert, Mrs. 
Lizzie (Frost) Little, Mrs. Nellie (Frost) Parmalee, Mrs. Julia 
(Farr) Parmalee, Mrs. Elizabeth (Bates) Jewett, Mrs. Lucy 
(Marsh) Dustan, Mrs. Susan (White) McKay, Mrs. Char- 
lotte (Hough) Perry, Mrs. Carrie (Eaton) Pennock, Mrs, 
Susan (Page) Currier, Mrs. Abbie (Smith) Caverno, Mrs. 
Isabella (Babcock) Swift, Mrs. Arabella (Babcock) Goodwin, 
Mrs. Frances (Babcock) Bigelow, Mrs. Frances (Herrick) 
Hood, Mrs. Lucinda (Hood) Smith, Miss Alice Worcester 
and Miss Kate Fletcher (expert teachers of deaf mutes), 
Miss Kate Worcester, Miss Hannah Gillett, Miss Jennie 
Sherman, Miss Celia Sherman, Miss Ellen R. Putnam, Miss 
Harriet Hinkley, Miss Mary Heaton, Miss Eliza Hood, Miss 



68 

Louise Gillett, Miss Lucy Brown, Miss Sarah Closson. Of 
these Mrs. Caroline Farnsworth, the Mrs. Nellie and Julia 
Parmalee, Mrs. Arabella Goodwin, and Miss Sarah Closson, 
were missionaries in foreign lands. 

In this allusion to my former pupils, I have coupled the 
living with the dead. Each deserves equal recognition and 
affectionate regard. 

The living ! 

" The joy of meeting not unmixed with pain. 
Where are the others? Voices from the deep 
Caverns of darkness answer me, ' They sleep.'' 
I name no names : instinctively I feel 
Each at some well remembered grave will kneel, 
And from the inscription wipe the weeds and moss, 
For every heart best knoweth its own loss. 
I see their scattered gravestones gleaming white 
Through the pale dusk of the impending night ; 
O'er all alike the impartial sunset throws 
Its golden lilies mingled with the rose ; 
We give to each a tender thought, and pass 
Out of the graveyards with their tangled grass, 
Unto those scenes frequented by our feet 
When we were young, and life was fresh and sweet." 

Here I may suggest, the secret of the success of these 
students is revealed in their character, and ability, when they 
entered the Academy. The material furnished the Preceptor 
to work upon was of the best (juality. No academy was ever 
favored with a better class of students than were found among 
the two thousand five hundred who entered this institution, dur- 
ing these twelve years. They were not the heirs of fortune ; 
their capital was brains, character, energy, and enthusiasm. 
They were determined to make the most of themselves. 

Another fact may here be stated. The character of the 
old Academy was suited to develop, cultivate, and mature 
this class of noble minds. It was a Christian institution, 
recognizing the truths of the Gospel and the example and 
teachings of the Great Master, " who is the chiefest among ten 
thousand and the One altogether lovely." 



69 

It was the purpose and aim of Preceptor to bring his students 
under the influence of Christian principle, and to guide them in 
the duties of the Christian life ; to inspire as well as to teach ; to 
make men and tuonien, conscious of their obligations to God, and 
qualified to solve the hard problems of human life, and to make 
themselves felt and useful in the world. Though this work of 
Preceptor and his assistants was done very imperfectly, grand 
results have been realized in the lives under review. 

I will also speak with emphasis of the loyalty of my Thetford 
students to their Preceptor and to the school. Some of the boys 
were roguish (in the better meaning of this term), but never dis- 
loyal. This fun-loving, boyish propensity sometimes manifested 
itself in horn blowing, convivial entertainments, and boyish tricks 
in violation of known and necessary school regulations. But no 
hostility or insubordination was ever intended. 

If they could gain a point in collision with Preceptor, they 
enjoyed it, but when caught, they submitted patiently to the 
punishment inflicted. One man told Preceptor, twenty years 
afterwards, that he would not have caught him in Parson 
Babcock's door-yard, blowing a horn, if he had not worn 
another man's hat, and carried in his hand a horn captured 
from some other fellow. 

Another rogue, who was caught carrying eggs and dishes 
from the store to his room, preparatory to a night supper, 
when he had deposited them in Preceptor's office, and by his 
orders retvirned them to the store the next day, reported at 
his breakfast table that he should have to keep a hen in his 
room to lay the eggs, as it cost too much to have them pass 
through the custom house. 

Still another bore patiently the mortification of exposure of 
the fact that he had been pulled out from under the bed, 
where he had attempted to hide himself, leaving behind his 
hat and one shoe as silent witnesses of his guilt in violating 
a well known school regulation. And yet even this class of 
students were among Preceptor's most loyal friends, and always 
ready to sustain him in maintaining good order. 

For all these expressions of loyalty and affection then and now, 
I am profoundly grateful. 



70 

Thetford Academy has a noble record from youth to old 
age, has done a great work, and deserves well of its numerous 
children. It has now a claim upon their sympathy, combined 
cooperation, and material aid, to enable it to renew its age and 
perpetuate its usefulness. 

THE HOVEY FAMILY DR. HOVEV, GENERAL HOVEV, AND 

BROTHERS AND SISTERS. 

The immigrant ancestor of the Hoveys in America was 
Daniel Hovey, who settled in Ipswich, Mass., in 1637. Where 
he came from is not certainly known, but presumably from 
England or Holland. Amos Hovey, of the fifth generation 
from Daniel, was one of the pioneer settlers of the town of 
Thetford, whose "clearing" or homestead lay about a mile, as 
the crow flies, south from the village of Thetford Hill. His 
son, Alfred, who married Abigail Howard, a lineal descendant 
from the Cushmans and Allertons of Pilgrim memory, suc- 
ceeded to the homestead, where his and Abigail's four girls 
(Clara, Mary, Leantha, Frances) and seven boys (Amos, Alvah, 
William, Leland, Oramel, Charles, Eleazer) grew up, and from 
which they, or most of them, trudged to the academy on the 
hill, for schooling. It is pretty safe to say that the influence 
of the academy made of Clara an excellent " district school " 
teacher and sent Amos, Alvah, and Charles to college. 

Clara, born August 13, 18 13, and educated in the Academy, 
was a successful teacher for a number of years, both in Ver- 
mont and in Wisconsin. She married Rev. Solomon Chaffee, 
and had one child, a daughter, named Clara. 

Avws, born July 4, 1S18, fitted for college at the Academy, 
and graduated from Dartmouth in the class of 1842. He has 
devoted himself chiefly to business pursuits, but for several 
years was principal of a literary and scientific institution in 
Brandon, Vt. He has been twice married, first to Josephine 
Mary Scofield, by whom he had two sons, — James, an accomp- 
lished scholar and lawyer, and Edgar — both of whom died in 
early manhood; and second, to Henrietta Brown Trembly. 

Alvah, born March 5, 1820, fitted for college at the Academy, 
and graduated from Dartmouth in the class of 1844. After a 
few years' service as instructor in secondary schools or acade- 
mies, he went to Newton Centre, Mass., to study in the well 
known Baptist Theological Institution located there. Upon 




AMOS \V. HOVEY. 




REV. ALVAH HOVEY, D.D., S.T.D. 



71 

the completion of his studies he entered the ministry and con- 
tinued to preach until called back to the institution in 1853 as 
professor of church history. Two years later he was promoted 
to the chair of theology and Christian ethics which he still 
holds; and in 1868, he was placed in executive charge of the 
institution as its president, which office he still holds. He has 
received the honorary degrees of S. T. D., and D. D. He has 
written books, which are published, with titles as follows : "The 
Life and Times of Rev. Isaac Backus, A. M.," pp. 369 (1859); 
"The State of the Impenitent Dead "(1859); "The Miracles 
of Christ as Attested by the Evangelists," pp. 319 (1864); 
"The Scriptural Law of Divorce" (1866); "God With Us; 
or the Person and Work of Christ," pp. 271 (1872); "The 
Bible" (1872); "Religion and the State," pp. 175 (1876); 
"The Higher Christian Life" (1877); "Manual of Theology," 
pp. 437 (1878) ; " Commentary on the Gospel of John " (1885) ; 
"Biblical Eschatology," pp. 192 (1888); "Commentary on the 
Epistle to the Galatians " (1890); editor of the American Com- 
mentary on the New Testament " (i88o-'9o) ; "General Intro- 
duction to the New Testament" (1881); "Studies in Ethics 
and Religion," pp. 573 (1892). 

He has also written pamphlets (which are published) with 
titles as follows: "State of Men After Death (1874); "The 
Holy Supper" (1880) ; "Evils of Infant Baptism; Close Com- 
munion;" Semi-Centennial Discourse at Newton (1875); 
"Progress of a Century" (1876); "Election; Future Punish- 
ment; Theological Propaedeutic" (1894). 

He was a member of the executive committee of the American 
Baptist Missionary Union for fifteen years, from 1869 to 1884. 
He has been many years and still is trustee of Worcester acad- 
emy ; a fellow of Brown University ; a trustee of Wellesley col- 
lege ; a trustee of the New England Conservatory of Music ; 
president of the National Divorce Reform League ; a trustee of 
the General Theological Library of Boston ; and president of 
the Gardner Colby Ministerial Relief Society. 

This is rather a remarkable record. It is not given to many 
men — even Thetford Academy men — to serve an institution of 
such character and rank as Newton Theological Institution for 
forty-two years as professor, twenty-seven years of this time 
also as president, and yet accomplish so much other work. 

President Hovey was married in 1852 to Augusta Maria 
Rice. They have two daughters : Helen, married to a mis- 
sionary now in Japan ; and Hattie, married to a clergyman of 
Chicago ; and two sons : George, a professor in a college ; and 
Frederick, a lawyer and a champion in lawn tennis. 



72 

Charles, born April 26, 1827, fitted for college at the Acad- 
emy, and graduated from Dartmouth in the class of 1852. He 
has been successively a pedagogue, soldier, and lawyer. After 
leaving college he took charge of the academy and high school 
at Framingham, Mass. ; and two years later, accepted a like 
position in a private school at Peoria, 111. ; and on the passage 
of a free school law for that city, organized, graded, and put in 
operation the schools under it. While at Peoria he served one 
term as president of the great Educational Association of the 
state, and edited its organ, the Illinois Teacher. When the 
state established a university for training and educating teach- 
ers and set aside the income of her college and seminary funds 
for its support, he was called to the presidency, and for four 
years (i857-'6i) conducted this important institution. Then 
the war broke out, and he, together with over two hundred of 
his students and three of the professors, volunteered as soldiers 
for suppressing the Rebellion. Volunteers from other colleges 
and institutions in the state soon joined them in Camp Butler, 
swelling the number to a thousand men, or enough for a regi- 
ment. At an election held in camp he was recommended to 
the governor for colonel, and was so appointed and commis- 
sioned. At first his regiment, the Thirty-third Illinois, was 
spoken of sarcastically by other commands as the " Brain Regi- 
ment." But this soon wore off. The Thirty-thirders fought 
themselves into favor in due time, — their first engagement as a 
regiment being at the Battle of Fredericktown, Mo., in 1861. 
During the ensuing winter, i86i-'62, he commanded the Union 
out-post at Arcadia, w-here " Fort Hovey " was built. On the 
march down through Missouri and Arkansas to Helena on the 
Mississippi, he was assigned to the command of a brigade ; 
and on that march he won promotion to the rank of brigadier- 
general for his conduct of the battle at Cache river, where his 
advance, hardly five hundred strong, ran up against " about 
five thousand effectives," under the rebel General Rust, and 
defeated them. Rust's command "retreated," says the rebel 
report (General Hindman's), " in great disorder across White 
river." " The rebels did not stop running," says the Union 
report (General Steele's), " until they had gone eight miles 
south of Little Rock." He commanded the brigade on the ex- 
treme left of Sherman's army at the disastrous assault from the 
Yazoo and Chickasaw bayou on the rebel works back of Vicks- 
burg, near Haines's Bluff ; and the brigade on the extreme right 
of McClernand's army at the capture of Arkansas post, where 
he was wounded. He was brevetted a major-general for " gal- 
lant and meritorious conduct in battle, particularly at Arkansas 




BRIGADIER- AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL CHARLES E. HOVEY, U.S.V. 
(from a war-time photograph.) 




THOMAS WILLIAMS BICKNELL, LL. D. 



73 

post." Since the close of the v r he has resided, most of the 
time, in Washington, D. C, eng, ged in the practice of law ; and 
has held no public office except that of trustee of the public 
schools of the city. 

He married Harriette Farnham Spofford in 1854. They 
have had three sons : Edward, who died while yet a child ; 
Alfred, a ranchman in Idaho ; and Richard, who is devoting 
himself to literature and has, though yet a young man, already 
distinguished himself as the author of " Launcelot and Guene- 
vere," a poem based on the King Arthur legend ; of " Seaward," 
an elegy on the death of the poet Parsons ; and of " Gandolfo," 
an Italian tragedy of the twelfth century. He has also trans- 
lated from the French a volume of the plays of Maurice Maeter- 
linck, and from the German, Uriel Acosta by Karl Giitzkow. 



Thomas Williams Bicknell, LL. D., Providence, R. I., son of 
Allan and Harriet Kinnicutt Bicknell, born in Barrington, R. I., 
September 6, 1834, married Amelia D. Blanding of Rehoboth, 
Massachusetts, September 5, i860, student and teacher until 
1869; state superintendent of education from 1869 to 1875; 
editor and publisher 1875 *^ 1876; legislator, and in business 
and banking, 1866. He studied in common and select schools 
in Rhode Island, and at Thetford Academy, graduating there 
with the Greek oration, in 1853; entered Amherst college and 
remained one year; then during three years was occupied as 
principal of schools in Elgin, 111., high school, Rehoboth, 
Massachusetts ; secretary of a Kansas relief expedition, and 
prisoner with border ruffians. He took the remaining three 
years of his college course at Brown University, graduating in 
i860. He was principal of the high school, Bristol, i86o-'64, 
and large grammar school at Providence, 1864 to 1867, and 
High school, Bristol, 1867 to 1869 ; 1866 to 1867 he was pres- 
ident of the Rhode Island Institute of Instruction ; 1869 to 
1875 he was state commissioner of common schools. During 
this time he was also editor of the Rhode Island School-master, 
member of the board of education, and trustee of the State 
Normal school. During this interesting educational period in 
Rhode Island his energy and zeal were everywhere felt. Old 
activities were infused with new vigor. School affairs took on 
new life ; the Normal school was reestablished, never again to 
be overthrown. 

In 1875 he may be said to have introduced a new era in edu- 
cational journalism. Up to that time, journals of education had 
relied in some form upon public subsidy for support. He started 



74 

\}cvQ. Neiv England Journal of Education. His plans and efforts 
received the hearty co-operation of many educators, and the 
journal not only inherited the field occupied by the Massachu- 
setts and other New England journals of education, but rapidly 
won national and international circulation. He then founded, 
at different dates, as editor and publisher, the Primary Teacher, 
and a bi-monthly magazine known as Education. He continued 
to devote his great activity to these publications until 1886. 

Meantime, in 1876, he founded the New England Bureau of 
Education, Boston, Mass., now under the charge of Dr. Hiram 
Orcutt, and the National Council of Education in 1880, and 
was its president from 1880 to 1883; he was president of the 
National Educational Association at the Madison, Wis., meet- 
ing, 1884. And by his well directed and untiring efforts began 
the great series of national educational meetings, creating a fund 
for the support of the association. The next year he was first 
vice-president. He was nominated for the ofiice of Chief of the 
Department of Liberal Arts of the Columbian Exposition, by 
U. S. Commissioner of Education, Hon. W. T. Harris, and sup- 
ported by a great body of educators in the country. 

Aside from his official reports on education, and his editorial 
issues, he has published many addresses, biographical, histori- 
cal, memorial, and educational, and has now in preparation the 
American Monthly of Education. Now and then a poem from 
his pen has attracted attention. 

He has long been active in church work, becoming a member 
of the Congregational church in Thetford in 1852 ; was organ- 
izer and deacon of the Harvard Congregational church, Dor- 
chester, 1887 to 1893 ; organizer and president of the Congre- 
gational Sunday-school Union of Rhode Island, i873-'75 ; co- 
organizer and president Congregational Sunday-school Union, 
Massachusetts, 188 1; president International Sunday-school 
Association, 1884; and superintendent of Sunday-schools at 
Bristol, Barrington, and Edgewood, R. I., and Dorchester, Mass. 

He was delegate from Massachusetts to the Raikes Centen- 
nial, in London, Eng. ; trustee and co-organizer of the Congre- 
gational Publishing Society, Boston ; member of the committee 
from Rhode Island to organize the National Congregational 
Council, 1866; and delegate to the triennial council at Detroit, 
1878. He is president of the Thetford Academy Association, 
and trustee of the Academy, and the leading promoter of its 
new life. He has traveled extensively at home and abroad. 
He was delegate from Rhode Island to the Vienna Exposition 
in 1873. He is a member of a large number of most impor- 
tant historical and literary associations in the country, and was 




REV. WILLIAM STRATTON PALMER, D.D. 




MRS. DR. WILLIAM S. PALMER. 



75 

president of the Chautauqua Teachers' Reading Union, Chau- 
tauqua, N. Y., 1886 to 1890. He has received LL. D. from two 
institutions. 

In civil affairs he has been justice of the peace nine years in 
Massachusetts, member of the house of representatives in 
Rhode Island, 1859 to i860, member of the house of represen- 
tatives of Massachusetts, i888-'89, chairman of the committee 
on woman's suffrage. He was founder and president of the New 
England Publishing Co., founder and president of the Teachers' 
Mutual Provident Association, Boston, i88o-'83, co-founder 
and first editor. New England Magazine, under the title of Mag- 
azifie of New England History, Boston, 1882, president of 
interstate commission of education, Louisville, Ken., 1882 ; 
founder Providence Business Bureau, R. I. ; co-founder and 
manager of Teachers' Educational Exchange, Providence, R. I. ; 
was member of the United States Postal Congress, New York, 
1878 ; owner, editor, and publisher Massachusetts Dorchester 
Beacon, i88o-'9o; is now manager of the Rhode Island Depart- 
ment of Co-operative Saving Society of Kentucky. 

Rev. William S. Palmer, D. D., Norwich Town, Conn., son of 
Stephen West and Nancy (Stratton) Palmer, was born August 
6, 1827, at Orfordville, N. H. He closed his studies at Thet- 
ford Academy in 1850,' entering the sophomore class at Dart- 
mouth college and graduating there in 1853. February 5, 1855, 
he was married to Fannie Parish Walbridge, a Thetford student, 
and a student at Abbott Academy of Andover — a native of 
Brookfield, Vt. They had both taught during the time of their 
studies, and from August, 1853, to July, 1855, had charge 
together of a classical seminary in Kingston, R. I., and later 
taught together at Berwick Academy in Maine, and a num-' 
ber of years in the Central high school of Cleveland, O., 
of which Mr. Palmer was principal, and teacher of Greek and 
Latin. Quite a number of their Cleveland pupils took the col- 
lege course at Western Reserve, and several at Dartmouth — in 
both institutions acquitting themselves with distinguishing 
honor. As teachers, both Mr. and Mrs. Palmer entered most 
fully into the welfare of their pupils, and were favorites, win- 
ning high encomiums. 

In 1859, they resigned their positions in Cleveland, and Mr. 
Palmer entered upon studies preparatory to the gospel ministry. 
Mastering the Hebrew without a leader, he was licensed to 
preach by the Orange Association, at the house of President 
N. Lord in Hanover, N. H. After supplying the church in Lit- 
tleton some months, in the autumn he commenced attending 



76 

lectures in Andover seminary, where he remained something 
over two years, in addition to careful study, supplying vacant 
pulpits with special acceptance. Meanwhile the residence of 
Mr. and Mrs. Palmer was a favorite home for students of both 
the academies and seminary. 

February 19, 1862, Mr. Palmer was ordained pastor of the 
church at Wells River, Vt., under peculiarly favorable circum- 
stances. The church was small at the beginning of his pastor- 
ate, but during the twelve and a half years of his ministry there 
it became one of the strongest churches of the state, drawing 
to itself, in devout self-consecration, the energetic business and 
professional men of the community, and signally transforming 
the tone of society in the village and parish. From time to 
time, from no suggestion on his part, his salary was increased, 
and their "tin wedding" was celebrated with social demonstra- 
tions, and generous gifts of the people, the marriage knot being 
facetiously retied by his college classmate. Dr. Burton. 

Declining other calls, in 1874, he was installed pastor of the 
Second Congregational church in Norwich, Conn., his class- 
mate, Dr. Hulbert preaching the sermon. There his labors 
were greatly blessed — one hundred and seven being added to 
the church in the first four years of his pastorate. After fifteen 
years of arduous work in that field ; his health failing in Octo- 
ber, 1889, he resigned and retired from all work. By advice of 
physicians he went to Europe, and, Mrs. Palmer accompanying 
him, spent nearly a year — some part of the time, deemed by 
those who met him, little likely to be able to return to America. 
But a favorable change coming at length, he was enabled not 
only to return, but to supply for six months the pulpit of the 
late Dr. Post's church in St. Louis, with such acceptance as to 
waken the unanimous desire that he should remain as perma- 
nent pastor; but he deemed his health inadequate. 

In June he delivered the annual address before the Y. M. C. A., 
of Marietta college, O. The following autumn he took up his 
residence in Norwich, Conn., and supplied several different pul- 
pits — perhaps the longest time that of Dr. Merriam in Worces- 
ter, Mass. In July and August he supplied the Plymouth 
church. Rev. Dr. Wells's, in Minneapolis which numbers over 
one thousand members, and is said to have over one hundred 
college graduates in its congregation. The next summer, he 
was invited to supply the same church during the pastor's vaca- 
tion, and also urged to supply the pulpit just vacated by Dr. 
Stimson in St. Louis, till a permanent pastor might be secured. 
But, with steadily improving health, he had meanwhile accepted 
a call to the church in the historic town of Lebanon, Conn., and 




HON. H. A. MORRILL, LL.D. 



T7 

felt that the deepening interest in many hearts there forbade his 
prolonged absence from his charge. He is still enjoying a pros- 
perous pastorate in that church, though residing a few miles 
away, at Norwich Town. 

In all his ministry, he has been much called to the sick room 
and to serve at funerals and marriages outside of his own pas- 
toral responsibility, as well as within it. Both he and Mrs. 
Palmer have been wise counsellors to many of every age, who 
have appealed to them. They have emphasized all agencies 
helpful to the education of the young. Dr. Palmer has served 
on school boards and boards of library trustees with special 
acceptance, and Mrs. Palmer, in every appropriate way, has 
shared his interest in these activities. She has been with 
him an ardent promoter of missions, both home and foreign 
— in all possible ways his help-meet — a successful Sunday- 
school teacher of large classes, a chief officer in woman's 
associations and gatherings for educational, religious, and 
philanthropic purposes. Both have been peculiarly happy in 
winning the young to religious activity. 

Dr. Palmer has served as examiner at Andover Seminary and 
Dartmouth College. He was a member of the Congregational 
Council in Boston, in 1865, and in New Haven in 1874. He 
delivered the anniversary sermon before the graduating class 
of Tilden Seminary in 1869, and the annual address in 1873. 
In 1880, Dartmouth College conferred on him the honorary 
degree of D. D. For more than forty-five years, he has been 
a frequent contributor to the daily and weekly press. 

Though not often consenting to the publication of his ser- 
mons when desired, there have been printed his " Sermon at 
the Funeral of Conductor Fisher," his "Address at the Ver- 
mont State Convention of Y. M. C. A.," a paper upon " Church 
Work Not Distinctly Religious " read at a Connecticut state 
conferences of churches, a " Centennial Review " of his Nor- 
wich church, a " Review of Fifteen Years' Pastorate," a " Memo- 
rial of Dr. Silas McKeen " in the Congregational Quarterly, and 
numerous articles in the National Simday-School Teacher, one 
of which was re-published in a London journal of kindred char- 
acter, and another in a state educational journal. 



Henry Albert Morrill, LL. D., Cincinnati, O., son of Samuel 
and Martha Tilton Morrill, was born in Potsdam, N. Y., Feb- 
ruary, 1835. At four he came to reside with his paternal grand- 
parents on a farm in Danville, Vt. In 1853, he was for a year 
employed in a mercantile house in St Louis. He fitted for 



78 

college at Thetford Academy, entering Dartmouth in 1856 
and graduating in i860. He immediately went to Cincinnati 
and engaged in teaching, and commenced the study of law. 
He was admitted to the bar in 1863, and became assistant 
city solicitor under the late Gen. Edward F. Noyes in 1865. 
In 1867, he became chief of the office. Serving out his term, 
in 1869 he formed a law partnership with Alexander H. McGuf- 
fey, whose eldest daughter, Anna, he had married two years pre- 
vious, which partnership continued until 1892. In the year 1869 
he was made professor in the Cincinnati Law school which posi- 
tion he still holds. In 1876, he was a candidate on the Repub- 
lican ticket for judge of common pleas , but was defeated with 
the balance of the ticket. During the last fifteen or twenty years 
he has been connected as counsel with some of the most con- 
spicuously litigated cases in southern Ohio. At times he has 
been active in political and social movements as a speaker and 
writer for the press and magazines. 

Mr. Morrill has five children, Elizabeth Drake, wife of John 
C. Edwards, a lawyer of Boston, Mass. ; Ellen Campbell ; Albert 
Henry, now a student at Dartmouth ; Alice McGuffey ; and Geni- 
veve Tilton. 

In 189 1, Mr. Morrill almost entirely lost his sight, but quickly 
adapting himself to his new conditions he has continued with- 
out interruption his work as a practitioner and instructor of law. 
In the last named year the University of Wooster, O., conferred 
upon him the honorary degree of LL. D. 



Judge Chester Cook Conant, Greenfield, Mass., son of Jona- 
than and Clarissa, was born in Lyme, N. H., September 4, 1831. 
After leaving Thetford, he graduated at Dartmouth in 1857 ; 
read law with Abijah Howard, and graduated at the Albany 
(N. Y.) Law school in 1859, and began practice in Greenfield, 
Mass., and there continues. He married Sarah Boardman, 
daughter of Dr. Roger S. Howard, June, 1858. He has been 
active in the church, and in promoting all the better interests 
of the community. His long service as judge won for him 
great public favor. When in practice his name is among the 
most conspicuous in connection with important cases on the 
Franklin county docket, and is frequently found in cases 
before the supreme court of the state, and occasionally in 
those before the supreme court of the United States. As a 
lawyer, he stands high for ability, knowledge of law, prompt- 
ness and honesty of purpose, he has been called to practice in 
nearly every county in his state, and nearly every state in New 







JUDGE CHESTER C. CONANT. 




DR. DAVID S. CONANT. 



79 

England. As a judge, he has had the rare fortune of never 
being over-ruled by a superior court. He has been member 
of the school committee, active officer of the Young Men's 
Christian Association, and superintendent of Sunday-school. 
In politics, he has often been called to the stump, and he 
has been urged to accept a nomination for congress, and was 
delegate to the Republican presidential convention which nomi- 
nated Blaine, and was also state presidential elector. In 1892, 
he was married to Miss Mary H. Havens. Two daughters by 
his first wife survive. Charlotte H. Conant is principal of the 
Walnut Hills school at Natick, Mass., two miles from Wellesley 
College, conducted mainly as a school preparatory to the college, 
where she has had rare success, and is this year the president of 
the Wellesley College Alumna; Association. Miss Martha P. 
Conant takes the A. M., or second degree, at Wellesley this 
year. 

Many of the students of the period will be specially grate- 
ful that he furnishes the picture of his brother, David Sloan 
Conant, one of the most worthy and promising of the stu- 
dents of the Academy, who was persuaded by the advice of 
an acquaintance not to take a college course, which he always 
deeply regretted. He studied privately with Dr. E. C. Worcester 
and Prof. E. R. Peaslee, and at the Dartmouth Medical school, 
and graduated from the Bowdoin (Me.) Medical school in 1848. 
He rose rapidly. He united with the church at sixteen, and his 
Christian character was manifest in all he did. He settled in 
New York city in 185 1. During the prevalence of cholera in 
1854, he had charge of the Mott Street Hospital. He had a 
large private practice, and became also a professor of surgery 
in the Medical College, Burlington, Vt., and at Brunswick, Me., 
and surgeon of the Demlite Dispensary, New York city, and 
member of the leading medical societies of the country. He 
died suddenly October 8, 1865, of blood poisoning, greatly 
lamented. A memorial, a touching and eloquent tribute to 
Dr. D. S. Conant, by Dr. A. B. Crosby, was published. 

Dr. Abel B. Conant, also a brother of Judge Conant, born 
1837, died 1864; graduated in medicine at Burlington; en- 
tered the Union Army in 1862, and saw difficult service as 
surgeon of the Fourth Kentucky Infantry. He was left in 
charge of the Union sick at Cumberland Gap when that post 
was evacuated by General Morgan, and was captured and taken 
to Libby Prison. After his service in the army, he joined his 
brother, David, in New York city, and also became professor 
at Burlington, but was attacked by the diphtheria and died 
suddenly cutting short a life of great promise. 



EVENING EXERCISES AT THE CHURCH. 

Judge C. C. Conant presided. Prayer was offered by Rev. 
A. A. Smith of Barre, Vt. Miss May sang "Allah ; " Hon. T. 
W. Bicknell, LL. D., delivered the address on "The Future of 
Thetford Academy;" Miss May sang "Creole Love Song," and 
as an encore, " Celeste ; " Rev. W. A. C. Converse read a short 
poem, and short addresses were delivered by Hon. Fred Bates 
of Titusville, Pa., Rev. William Slade, Williamstown, Mass., and 
Prof. Edward Conant, Ph. D., Principal, Normal school, Ran- 
dolph, Rev. W. H. H. Cummings, A. M., Principal, Kimball 
Union Academy, Meriden, N. H., Rev.. W. S. Hazen, D. D., 
Northfield, Vt. ; when General Eaton gave a word of testimony ; 
Miss May sang "Ecstasy;" Miss McDuffie read " Partings ; " 
and the audience united in hymn by Rev. A. J. Pike, class 1851, 
to the tune "America," and benediction was pronounced by 
Rev. William Slade. 



THE FUTURE OF THETFORD ACADEMY. 

BY HON. THOMAS W. BICKNELL, LL. D. 

In the Athenaeum at Providence, secure in its locket, is a gem 
of art by one of our Rhode Island painters, Malbone by name. 
It is a small picture on ivory and is called "The Hours." 
Three graceful female figures are before us, side by side. 
Their names are the Present, the Past, and the Future. They 
are full of sweetness and beauty, 

"And ne'er did Grecian chisel trace 
A Nymph, a Naiad, or a Grace, 
Of finer form or lovelier face." 



81 

The Present, the central figure, has a regal character, an 
earnest mien, and a consciousness of power and of opportunity. 
Her whole being seems instinct with the life and inspiration 
of the passing hour, and seems to speak to each looker-on 
Longfellow's exhortation, 

"Act, act in the living present, 
Heart within and God overhead.'" 

On the left is the Past, her arm locked in that of her sister, 
the Present. She has equal grace and beauty, but her head is 
partly averted as though looking over her shoulder at and into 
scenes and experiences that have passed. Seriousness, medi- 
tation, and reflection, mingled with repose and a tinge of sad- 
ness, are seen in her face. She seems to be living over the 
days of "Auld Lang Syne," drawing from them comfort, 
strength, wisdom for guidance in present duty. 

On the right of the Present, and peering gladly, almost 
saucily, over her shoulder, is the Future, her face radiant with 
laughter, and her whole being that of a queen coming to con- 
quest. It is all sunshine in her eyes and over her face, and 
hope speaks out of every lovely dimple and each auburn curl. 
Troops of joyous beings seem to be her unseen attendants. 
From her vision the Present is veiled, and over it the Past 
throws no shadows. 

As I looked upon this beautiful piece of poetry and painting, 
I seemed to see in it a fit representation of the day we cele- 
brate. Here are joined in one scenic array the earnest Pres- 
ent, the serious Past, and the hopeful Future ; not wholly 
divested of the poetic element, for real life and sober duty have 
in them the most real fiction and deepest poetry that the heart 
of man has felt or tongue expressed. 

Our able and accomplished historian has presented to us in 

clear and strong outline the history of this old Academy, and 

we rejoice in the past which is so honorable and so secure. An 

Academy with sixch a history, running through three quarters of 

a century, has earned a full right to live for a full century more 

a life of larger possibilities and successes. Its past is a 

guaranty of its future. Other academies and many of them 
6 



82 

have yielded to the inexorable logic of events and ceased to be. 
Our Alma Mater still lives a vigorous life, and having come 
through the severe changes which the last twenty-five years have 
wrought, has proven that, by the law of the survival of the fit- 
test, she is fit to be a mother in Israel of educational forces for 
years and possibly centuries to come. For how many years, it 
is for us her sons and daughters to say, here and now, as we 
gather at the homestead and partake of the home feast and 
talk over the virtues of our Alma Mater. With our historian, 
we have taken a backward look. May I ask your indulgence 
for a brief forward look into the future of Thetford Academy, 
premising what I have of prophesy by a word as to the relations 
of the Alumni to the Academy, and the vital need of their 
co-operation and support in all measures that shall make its 
future more successful than its past has been. 

The school which has helped to educate a man is a part of 
his most valuable possessions. It belongs to him in a sense 
more personal, more distinct, more real, than those things 
which we call real, as estates, houses, railroads, or even family 
inheritances. These we can alienate, assign, lose, or the sheriff 
may sell at public auction. Esau might sell his birthright, but 
he could not dispose of his nomadic education, for the desert 
has its seminaries, and Bedouin or American, whatever we may 
happen to be, there comes into every life what makes all life 
successful or otherwise, the inspiration which seizes and con- 
trols young life, enters into it as iron enters the blood, and 
becomes the essential of the personality, we call ourselves. 
Rightly used, the school, the academy, the college, not only are 
a man's choicest possessions in reality, but they also become 
the means of one's obtaining a measure of material as well as 
spiritual fortunes, and the men and women who climbed Thet- 
ford hill twenty, thirty, forty, or more years ago, for the rudi- 
ments of an education, really found here the magician's wand 
which has changed crude, raw material of all sorts into fabrics 
of utility and beauty, in the work-shop of physical as well as 
spiritual things. We came to Thetford Academy poor, most of 
us, in purse, and all of us in mental endowment. We left, pos- 
sibly poorer in pocket, with other possessions, which we have 



83 

learned the value of in the years that have intervened ; and 
gold could not to-day purchase the inventory of treasures that 
we call our own, the possibility of which Thetford placed in our 
hands, and which by the alchemy of assimilative, constructive 
force, we have made our own. As Emerson says, " Humanly 
speaking, the school, the college, society, makes the difference 
between men." "When a man stupid becomes a man inspired, 
when one and the same man passes out of the torpid into the 
perceiving state, leaves the din of trifles, the stupor of the 
senses, to enter into the quasi-omnipotence of high thought, — 
up and down, around, all limits disappear." Translated into 
Scripture thought, the idea might take the form of a quotation 
sent me in a letter from Mr. Orcutt, soon after leaving the 
Academy, " Bicknell, a live dog is better than a dead lion." 
The power to be a live dog in the world is ours because we 
here or there come in contact with another living agency, 
which, call it energy, spirit, pluck, enthusiasm, genius, or what- 
ever you please, has made us what we have been and are, to do 
what we have done or are now doing. The school, the teachers, 
these surroundings, nature's greatest show on earth, the pano- 
rama of scenery at Thetford, are ours in fee simple, ours to 
enjoy, ours to use, ours to transmit in the great conservatory of 
rich and enduring force and wealth. This glad return of the 
sons and daughters of the old Academy to the scenes of youth- 
ful study and service is but a grateful recognition of the debt 
due to an institution for what it has given us in the past, and 
which shall be ours in geometrically increasing values as time 
passes. 

But not only is it true that we, the alumni, own Thetford, the 
Academy, its traditions, its gifts to us in varying measure, some- 
what in proportion to our ability to possess ourselves of them, 
but the Academy also owns us, the alumni, and all our belono-- 
ings, for we have all been bought with a price, the labors and 
sacrifices here made for us. A school may have splendid 
equipments, all that wealth may furnish, and be very poor, 
if it has not sent out men and women from its halls to do 
service in the world. Another school may own but little of 
the world's wealth and be as rich as fable in all that consti- 



84 

tutes the true and abiding riches, — men and women, who 
have made the world the richer, by consecrated lives and 
devoted service. The wealth of Thetford Academy as men 
count wealth is small indeed, for I suppose that a few thou- 
sand dollars would buy out the material institution to-day, but 
the hundreds of young men and women, who in the seventy-five 
years have come hither to get their start in life, are the real 
treasures and endowment of the old Academy. " These are my 
jewels," said the mother of the Gracchi, and so says Thetford 
Academy to-day as she welcomes you and me back to receive her 
warm grasp once more ere we pass on and up. Yes, brethren, we 
own Thetford Hill, Thetford Academy, all that it has been, is and 
is to be, in severalty as well as in co-partnership. Its history is 
ours, its traditions, its present, its future. No man can take them 
from us. Moth and rust may corrupt other things, and thieves 
may steal material possessions, but these are ours yesterday, 
to-day, and forevermore. And we individually and collectively, 
belong to the Academy, by the right of eminent domain. It owns 
our manhood and our womanhood, our reputations, our successes, 
and, thank Heaven, our failures, too, — for we all want a sharer 
in the profit and loss account of life, and so far as our earthly 
possessions go, it has a mortgage on these to the extent of a 
full and fair return for value received, always obeying the prin- 
ciple that to whom much has been given of such much will be 
required, and in the inventory of a man's life, most men put 
fully an average assessment on their mental and spiritual 
estates not subject to municipal taxation. What God has 
thus joined together in mutual ownership, — the man, the 
Academy ; the Academy, the man, — let no man put asunder 
in spirit, in purpose, or in act. 

I assume this close relationship, this ownership of the man 
and the Academy as the basis of what I am about to say as 
to the future of this Academy. She must rely upon the loyalty 
and devotion of her students and alumni to aid her to accom- 
plish what it may be her mission yet to do in this northern New 
England world. When Daniel Webster defended his alma mater 
in the great case that won for him his most enduring fame, he 
touched a chord which vibrated in every true student's heart 
when he said, " Dartmouth it is true is a little college, but I 



85 

love her for what she has done for me." And when the 
same devotion fills the soul of every son and daughter of 
Thetford, the question of what her future shall be will be 
no open question at all. " If ye love me ye will keep my 
commandments." "Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me?" 
" Feed my lambs." In the brief time allotted me, I can but 
give the faintest outline of what I think the Thetford of the 
future may be. 

" But as the value of a nation to the human race does not 
depend upon its wealth or numbers, so it does not depend upon 
the distribution of elementary knowledge, but upon the high- 
water mark of its educated minds." ^ 

Education is the growth of man through educative forces. 
A striking analogy between mental and vegetable growth. 
The child plant is forced upward from below and drawn 
upward from above. The two great forms push and pull it 
into its best normal development. The child mind finds 
native power and primary education at work from the inner 
and substratum, while above are the higher agencies of suns 
and systems drawing him outward and upward. In the revival 
of education at the opening of the century, the academy and col- 
lege were the two greatest uplifting forces in the intellectual life 
of New England. 

The academy came into existence to meet the drawing want 
or need of the college, and the pressing need of the primary 
school below it. It filled a long felt want which no other 
agency could satisfy. Academies multiplied. The evolution of 
the high school and the subsidence of the academy. 

The high school sphere. The place of the academy as well 
as the high school. 

Vermont has thirty-eight free or public high schools, of which 
eight still bear the name of academy ; Vermont has twenty-two 
endowed academies. 

New Hampshire has thirty-six public high schools ; New 
Hampshire has twenty-five endowed academies. 

Massachusetts has one hundred and eighty-six public high 
schools ; Massachusetts has seventy-five endowed academies. 

'Higginson. 



86 

Maine has ninety-five public high schools ; Maine has 
twenty-four endowed academies. 

Connecticut has forty-seven public high schools ; Connecti- 
cut has thirty-nine endowed academies. 

Rhode Island has ten public high schools ; Rhode Island 
has five endowed academies. 

New England has four hundred and twelve public high 
schools — sixty-nine per cent. ; New England has one hundred 
and ninety endowed academies — thirty-one per cent. 

It needs no argument it seems to me to prove that Thetford 
Academy is properly located for a permanent and prosperous 
school not only for this section of northern New England, but also 
for a class of students from our cities and larger towns who 
need the physical, mental, and spiritual grace and salvation that 
may be found on this glorious hill, with its magnificent sur- 
roundings. As the mountains are round about Jerusalem, so 
the Lord in the abundance of his gifts is forever round about 
Thetford Hill. Like Harrow on the Hill in Old England, the 
school of Sir Robert Peel, Lord Byron, Richard Brinsley Sheri- 
dan, Lord Palmerston, and other great names, Thetford Hill 
may be the joy of the whole earth, the Mount Zion of educa- 
tional blessings. Its nearness to the great college centre at 
Dartmouth is a special good fortune in its location. Espec- 
ially so since this ancient seat of collegiate learning, distin- 
guished as it has been by great names in the past, is destined 
to see more favored times under the presidency of Dr. Tucker, 
its new and most accomplished head. Under the inspiration 
of the new education that is to fill the college with new life and 
its halls with a multitude of students we may expect its direct 
influence to be to give force, direction, and elevation to all that 
pertains to the success of a secondary school of high grade in 
its immediate neighborhood. The college needs the school 
and the school needs the college, and it is most fortunate that 
a goodly number of the alumni of this old Academy are also 
alumni of Dartmouth and the University of Vermont, and that 
several of her most honored sons are on the faculty of Dart- 
mouth, as well as among the leading men of thought and action 
in the Granite and Green Mountain states. The intimate con- 



87 

nection of the Academy at Thetford with Dartmouth, Vermont 
University, and Middlebury should be continued and made 
more useful to the Academy in the future. Its courses of 
study should be fashioned to meet the demands of these col- 
leges, and the graduation made so easy that the transition 
from one to the other should be the real and natural course 
of student life. 

[Dr. Bicknell proceeded to discuss with great force and elo- 
quence the increasing demands of industrial and technical edu- 
cation and to point out what might be expected of Thetford 
Academy when its friends were ready to give it an endowment 
of two hundred thousand dollars or more. Indeed it would 
greatly delight him if he could see such a superb plan realized 
at once. After enumerating the sciences and industries that 
would thus be taught, touching upon the methods of instruction 
and alluding to the great advantages to be derived from them, 
he declared that music, vocal and instrumental, will have its 
place and work as well as its votaries in our coming Academy, 
and art and architecture will speak from its pictured walls, and 
its collections of American and foreign works of art.] 

In Physical Culture, the new Academy will take a leading 
position by her well appointed gymnasium and her well ar- 
ranged system of manly sports. Foot-ball, cricket, tennis, 
bowling, boating on the Connecticut, and all other forms of 
healthy physical development should have large encouragement 
and full scope. Military drill and practice in the carpenter's 
and blacksmith's shop will alternate to give skill, strength, and 
health to mind and body. 

But why emphasize the so-called utilitarian work of the Acad- 
emy .'' Not certainly at the expense of the broad culture studies 
such as Language, History, Civil Government, Moral Science, 
Philosophy, and Psychology. These must be made the sub- 
stratum of all true academic study, but I shall not be faithful to 
the spirit of coming events in American life, if I fail to recog- 
nize the near advent of a time of "sweeter manners, purer 
laws," when society shall revert to some of the simplicity, the 
sincerity, and the honesty of rural life and labor ; when the 
ambition for great wealth, which is becoming gross, vulgar, and 



autocratic, shall be supplanted by the desire for excellence of 
attainment in all the virtues of wisdom and science. 

When the hills and valleys of Vermont, New Hampshire, and 
New England shall not only give birth to and rear great men 
and women, but shall find for them home pursuits in the culti- 
vation of the soil, in fruit-culture, in the production of herds of 
cattle, sheep, and horses, and in the many handicrafts which 
can be nourished and sustained among these healthful scenes 
and fair surroundings. Goldsmith's 

»' Sweet Auburn loveliest village of the plain, 

Where health and plenty cheered the laboring swain, 

Where smiling Spring its earliest visit paid, 

And parting summer's lingering blooms delayed : 

Dear lovely bowers of innocence and ease, 

Seats of my youth, when every sport could please, 

How often have I paused on every charm, 

The sheltered cot, the cultivated farm, 

The never failing brook, the busy mill, 

The decent church that topt the neighboring hill, 

The hawthorne bush, with seats beneath the shade 

For talking age and whispering lovers made,-' 

is a part of a rural picture " E'er England's griefs began," des- 
tined to be realized again when our deserted villages shall 
receive back to them the children of fortune who have travelled 
far and wandered long to find that " Be it ever so humble, 
there 's no place like home." Every study of our modern 
academy shall find a large field for its exercise and best possi- 
ble utility at home, and every talented boy and girl need not go 
ten miles from the old hearthstone to find a sphere for the use 
of his best energies of mind and body. The grievous times on 
which we have fallen teach the most instructive lesson as to the 
normal uses of education and the delusive character of pursuits 
which have only money-making as an end. When the days of 
hardship come, then " Fancy reverts to my father's plantation." 

" And sighs for the bucket that hangs in the well." 

It is not two years since Mr. Rockefeller, the oil king of the 
world, was compelled, by reason of failing health, to retire 



89 

from the scenes of a terrible struggle with business, to spend a 
year behind the plough and to a communion with nature, at 
the fountain head of life, on the old boyhood farm. The New 
Academy is to teach us that character building, not money-mak- 
ing, is the true business of life, and that a hill-side farm in 
Vermont is more valuable for soul development than a seat in 
Wall Street. 

In what I have thus far said, I have hinted at the present 
evolution of educational methods by which the brain and the 
hand are to become co-workers in the work of life, each doing 
honor to the other ; that all educational schemes are but parts 
of one great whole, and that, 

"From Nature's chain whatever link you strike, 
Tenth or ten thousandth breaks the chain alike." 

That the primary school, the academy and the college have 
one and the same work to do, varying only as the different 
stages in the process call for new forces fitted to the character 
of the development, and that Thetford Academy is by reason 
of its locality — near a great college, and in the midst of native 
forces of great value — peculiarly well fitted to do an important 
work for education. It is great good fortune to be possessor 
of an historic past with an alumni of wealth and distinction 
whose interest in their Alma Mater may be counted on to aid 
it in the accomplishment of some higher purpose and mission 
than it has yet achieved. In order to do this larger work, it 
is evident that Thetford Academy must be established on new 
and solid foundations. And first it must have a new home 
suited to the new conditions and needs of the hour. The 
old Academy building and boarding houses have had their 
day, having served well their generations and ceased to be of 
use except as temporary shelters until more permanent struc- 
tures can be secured. The first step for the successful estab- 
lishment of the Academy is the purchase of land sightly and 
suitable for the location of new buildings and the needs of the 
school as it shall advance along the various lines of progressive 
development. Thetford Hill and its environs have many such 
sites where students would receive the education that comes 



90 

from noble scenery as well as from teachers and school work. 
But land would be useless without buildings and the need of 
commodious and modern school buildings for halls of instruc- 
tion, library, laboratories, etc., is apparent to all. It is not 
necessary that these buildings should be at the outset very 
extensive, beyond the immediate requirements of schools of one 
hundred and fifty students, but the plans should be drawn so 
that the enlargement that might follow would be architecturally 
harmonious with the beginnings. Nor need the buildings be 
expensive, although they should have the air of permanence, 
but not of cheapness. The laws of fitness, taste, and a wise 
economy should rule in their location and construction. They 
must be fitted to the workshops, for students and their adorn- 
ments should be of the interior capacity and equipment, rather 
than of any special classic order, other than the true American 
type of essential utility, squared to chaste proportions. But to 
have land and buildings requires a moderate amount of money, 
and you practical people have begun to ask in your own minds 
how much it will cost to build and equip such a school as the times 
demand. Well let us figure a little and see what the value of 
X is in this new problem for the alumni and friends of this 
Academy to solve. It has been stated that sufficient land can 
be purchased on or near Thetford Hill to meet the various 
needs of an Academy of the present and future for ^3,000. 
An Academy building for instruction, library, laboratories, etc., 
may be figured at any sum you please, from $10,000 to $100,000, 
according to the sum at disposal, but a fair estimate of a struc- 
ture which shall be the promise and content of the larger hope 
would reach $15,000, with a possible $5,000 added. Although 
Thetford was a boarding-school town for two hundred or more 
students forty years ago, and yet may become one again, it 
would be wise and necessary to provide two dormitories at a 
cost of not less than $6,000 each in proximity to the main 
building, although, as at Wellesley, it might be wise to attach 
these dormitories and the boarding department, which would be 
self-supporting, to the main building and thus economize in the 
cost of the structure. 

We have thus wrought from $25,000 to $30,000 into our new 



91 

Academy, site, and buildings. But the schools are few that are 
or can be self-supporting from the tuition of the students, and 
to sustain the life which we have created we shall need the 
endowment of teacherships or chairs of studies, which it will 
be the glad privilege of our wise and wealthy alumni and 
friends to establish. Scholarships will also add to the invested 
funds of our New Academy, so that before its first five years 
have passed may we not hope for an endowment of $100,000, 
and possible $200,000? Truly is it too much to hope that some 
wealthy alumnus, who has come up to the old Academy with a 
desire to see the new regime inaugurated, will here and now 
consecrate a part of a successful life-work in winning favor or 
fortune, or both, to the increased power and usefulness of the 
Academy that gave the possibility of great success ? He who 
would have the largest blessing is he who has the largest and 
most generous heart for his Alma Mater in the hour of her new 
dedication. The Academy of the future needs and will have 
the generous support of her alumni, but they must have a voice 
in the control of that which is the object of their noble con- 
tributions and sacrifices. I am sure that these trustees (although 
I do not speak officially) will gladly welcome to seats in their 
board the chosen representatives of the Alumni association 
this day organized. A lively interest must be awakened and 
kept burning in the hearts of the thousands who love Thetford 
Academy, by inviting them to share in the management of the 
institution, and in bringing to it the wisdom of their counsels 
and the influence of their social, intellectual, and business rela- 
tions. Let the alumni of Thetford Academy, every one and 
all of them, understand and feel that they have a voice and a 
vote in its management, and every son and daughter of hers, 
from Eastport bay to the Gulf of California, would respond 
with a new zeal and intent as each year they were to vote for 
a trustee or a director on the official board of the Academy. I 
venture the assertion that no academy in New England or in 
the country has a body of alumni more devoted, more sincerely 
affectionate than has this good old school, and to hold their 
esteem and love we want to make the relation of the child to 
the mother a real, a vital, and an inspiring one. And when in 



92 

the summer of 1900 we shall gather here to celebrate the in- 
coming of a new century, it shall be our pride to feel that the 
head, the heart, and the hand of every alumnus is indeed con- 
secrated to the new education which has been established 
within its walls. 

But Thetford Academy of the future while it will have, as we 
trust, hosts of friends and moneys to meet all its wants as they 
arise, needs the man to energize and guide its forces to success- 
ful issues. Could we roll back the hands on the dial of time 
forty years, we could call again to the mastership of afifairs the 
man who from 1843 to 1855 conducted the Academy so vigor- 
ously, so manfully, so heroically, and with so self-sacrificing a 
spirit. Thank heaven that Hiram Orcutt still lives to bless us 
with his presence and prayers, and that his memory is fresh and 
green in the hearts and lives of such a multitude of men and 
women. But his mantle, on whom shall it fall ? or on whose 
shoulders shall rest the great responsibility of being the creator 
of this new agency that shall bless the world with life and light .-' 
There is toil ahead. There are lions in the way. There are 
mountains of difficulties to be overcome before the true acad- 
emy of the future shall be a reality, but somewhere is the man 
who will laugh at the toil. Somewhere is a man stronger than 
the lion. Somewhere is the man who, with giant step, shall 
tread down the mountains or cut his way through them and 
stand as the real founder of the greater Thetford Academy. 
We wait the coming man for the establishment of the coming 
Academy on broader foundations, and we trust with confidence 
in this great representative assembly of Alumni to aid in mak- 
ing Thetford Academy of the next seventy-five years a great 
power for strength and blessing to the coming youth of New 
England. 

Rev. W. A. C. Converse was introduced, and gave, — 



93 

GREETING TO THETFORD HILL AT ITS SEVENTY- 
FIFTH ANNIVERSARY. 

T 'was first in 'forty-seven I felt the wondrous thrill, 
That all who once have known remember still, 
Quickening with life the heart and brain and will, 
As ye have felt who know the power of Thetford Hill. 

What was it? Ask yon wider Earth that now inclines, 
And shows "neath higher skies extended boundary lines ; 
' What was it? but that we with newly opened eyes, 

Saw more of Earth extend beneath the receding skies? 

We stood with heads uncovered on each uptrending road, 
And with unsandaled feet the springing mountains trod. 
And with cleared vision read the glory of our God ; 
Then to our work we went, nor ever quite forgot 
What Thetford had made clear to us, and while we wrought, 
We formed all to the pattern the mountain vision taught. 

If aught is good the impulse from our teachers came, 
If aught is poorly done we bear ourselves the blame. 
But good or ill all left behind we haste. 
To join the unreturning legions of the past. 

God bless you, teachers whom we knew of old, 
And make your swift approaching sunset glow with gold. 
And when your voices and your pupils, too, are still, 
God of the fathers and the sons ! bless Thetford Hill. 

Hon. Fred Bates, Titusville, Pa., being called said, — 

One of the most genial poets of this Green Mountain state 
once said, on an occasion of this kind, — 

" How joyous, my friends, is the cordial greeting 
Which gladdens the heart at a family meeting ; 
When brothers assemble at Friendship's old shrine 
To look at the present and talk of ' Lang Syne ! ' " 

We have spent this very busy day looking at the present, vi^hile 
banqueting in yonder tent, — perhaps an hour ; the balance of 
the time from early morn until this late hour, we have lived 
over again the school days of nearly half a century ago on 
Thetford Hill. 

When I received the first circular announcing this anniver- 
sary, it went into the waste basket with numerous other adver- 



94 

tisements ; and nothing more was thought of it, until the second 
circular came which assured me "King Hiram" (the man who 
forty-three years ago drove me, a poor farmer boy, to college) 
was to be here : that General John Eaton was to be here, who 
even in his school days I thought ought to have a big title, — 
it was my wonder even then how " one small head could carry 
all he knew ; " that Hon. Gilbert E. Hood was to be here, — 
the man who polished us off in Latin and Greek at railroad 
speed ; for inspired by the energy of " King Hiram," and the 
pure mountain air of Thetford Hill, we needed no long course 
of study, — such as the gentleman who has just preceded me 
has spread out to us, — why if we had that then we should all 
be in Thetford Academy to-day. And others were to be here, 
— you, Mr. Chairman (Judge Conant), why I had you down for 
the bench over forty years ago ; and Rev. Palmer w^as to be 
here (more boyish to-day than he ever was in days of yore) ; 
and Professor Frost was to be here, who would come up very 
often from Dartmouth and pretend to assist Mr. Hood, but we 
now know it was to "woo and to win " the highest prize of his 
most successful life. 

When I looked over all this array of talent, I wrote to my 
sister (who was my companion and confidential adviser at this 
Academy), to meet me here for this anniversary, and sent 
orders to Mr. Worcester for beds and "coffee and muffins for 
two." Now while it was a long journey from my home on the 
western slope of the Alleghenies to this shrine, I am more than 
repaid for the time and expense. This has been an eventful 
day to me and I think to all of you. Many, very many old 
faces I see before me, and happy reminiscences come crowd- 
ing upon my memory. I would like to speak of them, 

" . . . but the hour would fail, 

To bring them all up in historic detail ; 

And yet I would give, ere the moment has tied, 

A sigh for the absent, a tear for the dead. 

There's not one of them all, where'er he may rove, 

In the shadows of earth, or the glories above, 

In the home of his birth, or in lands far away, 

But comes back to be kindly remembered to-day ! 



95 



One little word more, and my duty is done ; — 

A health to our Mother, from each mother's son! 

Unfading in beauty, increasing in strength, 

May she flourish in health through the century's length ; 

And next when her children come round her to boast. 

May Esto perpetiia then be the toast ! " 

Rev. Wm. Slade of Williamstown, Mass., was introduced and 
remarked, — 

I remember a white-haired man. He w^as almost blind. With 
the aid of his cane he often walked before his neat cottage in 
the sunlight and fresh air. I used to make a noise with my 
feet as I went by him on the sidewalk so he would hear me. 
He would come and put his hand on my head and ask "Whose 
little boy is this ? " I would tell him and he would give me a 
pleasant word with a fine old-fashioned grace. It was Judge 
Short, out of whose heart this institution sprang, whose age we 
celebrate to-day. 

To-night another presence, invisible, bends over me, the 
strong and worthy presence of that institution, and asks "Whose 
boy are you ? " I answer " Thetford's boy." Therefore what- 
ever interests and profits this town attracts and holds me. You, 
too, who are gathered here are largely sons and daughters of 
Thetford. This school, whose history and good deeds we have 
heard, claims your allegiance and your generous support. 

The enthusiasm which these alumni have brought with them 
to our town will be quickly dampened, unless the trustees and 
the people of the town respond with a like enthusiasm. This 
is Thetford Academy. For generations the young men and 
young women of the town, from all its scattered villages have 
been helped and trained in this institution. The Academy sup- 
plies a training which the towns usually offer in a high school 
supported by taxing the whole town. 

Thetford must stand by her Academy for the sake of her 
young people, or send them away to be educated at great ex- 
pense, or let them grow up in ignorance of the higher learning. 

Now is the time to act. Now is the time to rally, for your 
own sakes and for the future welfare of the town. You have 



96 

with you all the interest and just pride awakened by this cele- 
bration. You have with you the enthusiasm of those who have 
come from a distance to keep with you this honorable birthday. 
Let us not quench this new life by any coldness in our devotion 
to the old Academy, we who are native to these glorious hills 
and who inherited at our birth the advantages of this institu- 
tion. Let charity begin at home and it will not end there. 

" Act, — act in the living present ! 
Heart within, and God overhead." 

Prof. W. H. Cummings, principal of Kimball Union Acad- 
emy, Meriden, N. H., was called and said, — 

Thetford Academy occupies a unique and an important place 
among the academies of New England. It is eminently the 
poor students' school. Here he may practice the old-time 
economy of self-board and self-help, and maintain his social 
standing among his fellows, for all are on an equality in this 
respect. 

The school has been an inspiration to hundreds of poor 
boys and girls who have begun a course of education here with 
hardly a dollar ahead, and have completed their course by their 
own unaided efforts, and meanwhile have acquired a self-reli- 
ance that has given them the courage and means to secure a 
college training and fit themselves for great usefulness in a 
world where there is so much need of the strong intellects and 
pure hearts that these Vermont hillsides produce. These 
trained minds and noble lives would have been lost to the 
world had not our Academy existed. More distant and more 
expensive schools were beyond their means and thought. The 
noble purpose of securing an education would never have been 
awakened and fostered by them. But Thetford Academy, 
nearer, within the reach of their limited means, was a daily call 
and inspiration to nobler effort. As student and teacher here 
I have had opportunity to observe how the school is appreciated 
and the opportunities it offers are used by the community and 
surrounding towns. I have never seen a better spirit anywhere 
toward any school. 



9T 

Thetford Academy has in its own vicinity warm loyal friends, 
who have sacrificed for the school and are ready to sacrifice 
further. The people patronize it loyally and depend upon it 
for the education of their sons and daughters. 

There are still in these hillside houses other strong young 
bodies and brains and pure hearts, whom Thetford Academy, 
and Thetford Academy only, will prepare for noble service if 
her existence is perpetuated, but if not, the needy world will 
never feel the uplift of their influence. 

Shall the old school continue to do its beneficent work ? 
Her alumni must answer the question. Let us recall what she 
has done for us and then shall we not deem it a privilege to 
contribute what we can in loving remembrance of the kind 
Mother that has nourished us, and in grateful recognition of all 
that she has done for us. 

Prin. Edward Conant, Ph. D., of the Normal school of Ran- 
dolph, Vt., said : " I am loyal to Thetford Academy. Its past 
is secure." He spoke particularly of the excellence of its work 
in recent years, and congratulated it and its friends on its pros, 
pect of increased usefulness. He assured Thetford Academy 
of the friendship of the Randolph Normal school. 

W. S. Hazen, D. D., of Northfield, Vt., spoke of the pleasure 
of being there, renewing old associations, revisiting old, famil- 
iar scenes, of the sadness there was mingled with the joy on 
account of the changes which these years have witnessed, the 
many vacant places because those who filled them so worthily 
are not, for God hath taken them to Himself. He then spoke 
of the work of institutions like Thetford Academy in laying the 
foundation for intelligent Christian citizenship. The great 
want of the times in every walk of life is well disciplined, thor- 
oughly instructed men and women, such as possess genuine 
character, "who stand four square to every wind that blows." 

General Eaton said, " You understand why the address ex- 
pected of me this evening has given place to others. It is too 
late for a speech, but bearing testimony may be admissible. 
The two men who had the most influence in shaping my course 
in life. Dr. Hiram Orcutt, as my teacher here, and Rev. Dr. 
7 



98 

William S. Palmer, as my companion here, are present to-night. 
I can never duly express my obligations to them. I am forci- 
bly reminded, too, that here at this altar I became a member 
of the church of Christ. There are moments of peril to life 
when all the past seems to rush as in judgment before the 
mind. I have experienced those moments, and I may be per- 
mitted here to testify that it has never been other than a joy to 
recall that act or the influence of these friends." 

Miss Edith McDuffee of Thetford, class of ]S92, gave 

THE PARTINGS. 

Partings I and must we part again? 

Must we say it over again to-morrow? 
The meetings are full of joy, and then 

The partings come with their shade of sorrow. 
Year by year, to one after another, 
In the same old place, our fostering mother 

Is saying it o'er and o'er, 
Speaking the message low, " God speed thee, 
Go thy way, the world doth need thee." 

We have heard it oft before. 

Long years ago, in the dear old days, 

After the close of a week's confining 
As we parted, and sought our homeward ways 

Who ever thought of an hour's repining? 
Little we noticed what we were saying, 
Little we cared for a fond delaying, 

Adieux were easy to speak. 
Careless the voice and light the laughter. 
As some gay schoolmate shouted after, 

"We'll meet on the Hill next week." 

And there were times when we said farewell 

When the ties that bound us were growing stronger. 

In some loved spot where the sunlight fell. 
We tarried and lingered a moment longer. 

And in our minds there were strange thoughts waking. 

As friends around were their kmd leave taking 
And said with hopeful cheer, 



99 



"What ! are you off? Well then, good-by sir ! 
Wish you good luck in all you try, sir ! 
We '11 meet on the Hill next year." 

A parting came when hearts were sore. 

Of which this night may, perchance, remind us, 
When sweeter than all that could lie before 

Seemed the long, bright days that lay behind us. 
Grave were the voices and hushed the laughter, 
These were the words that came ringing after, 

Sweet as a silver chime, 
" Old friend, good-by! and may God speed thee! 
We give thee up. The world doth need thee. 

We'll meet on the Hill sometime." 

Sometime! Ah ! when will sometime come? 

In vain we look for the absent faces, 
In vain we list for the voices dumb. 

In vain we mourn o'er the vacant places. 
Brave, happy hearts ! they were quite forgetting 
That afar beyond the last sun setting 

Doth the land of " Sometime" lie. 
But to-night with a sudden, swift returning 
Our minds go back with a strong, deep yearning, 

To the time when they said good-by. 

Perhaps, through the years, you can see the flowers. 

That bloomed that day out there in the meadows, 
And how through the sweet, sad parting hours 

Those same old maples cast their shadows. 
Say, what would you give for the hopes of morning, 
Untouched as yet by a proud world's scorning, 

The hopes that you took away? 
Unfrozen then by its cold contriving. 
Its cynical hate and its selfish striving. 

Whose scars you can feel to-day. 

Since that farewell in the long ago. 

Through strange, strange scenes hath the Master led us, 
O'er barren moors where the cold winds blow, 
By sparkling fountains of pleasure fed us. 

And yet, through all, like a far bell calling. 



100 

Like a mother's tender accents falling, 

The old days lured us back. 
For once just to meet and to greet each other. 
To lie at the feet of our fostering mother. 

We have left the beaten track. 

To-day, as of old, we have plucked the flowers 

That bloomed for us out there in the meadows, 
We have walked and talked a few happy hours. 

Where the watching maples cast their shadows. 
And now, again, is the fair dream over, 
Again, with a grief it is hard to cover. 

Again we are going away. 
To the dear old scenes, to the time-worn buildings. 
Made fair to us by memory's gildings. 

At parting, what shall we say? 

Let us say this, " New courage give. 

Ye Northern Winds, with your message laden ! 
Speak as of old, ' It is grand to live,' 

Oh, tell it oft to each youth and maiden ! 
Ye mountains, farewell ! from your silent glory 
In the years to come, tell the same old story, 

' Be patient, O restless soul ! 
Not to the swift is the victory given. 
But to the one who hath steadfast striven 

Toward an unchanging goal.'" 

" Ye buildings, farewell ! ye are full of grace 

To us, love-blind, there is little lacking, 
Yet can we say, ' Give place, give place,' 

That the mighty work may go on unslacking.' 
Our mother must live. The years flown o'er her 
Are naught to the years that are now before her, 

Of work for New England youth. 
May the gracious God that hath fed, long feed her ! 
Great is her task and the world doth need her 

Teacher of hope and truth." 

And what shall we say as with heavy heart 

Again old friend from old friend must sever? 
As standing here on the Hill we part 



101 

For a week? for a month? for a year? forever? 
While Duty calls with beckoning finger, 
And we needs must go, and while yet we linger 

What shall we say to-night ? 
Let us part as of yore, " Now may God speed thee !" 
The dream is past. " The world doth need thee." 

We'll meet on the Hills of Light. 

The audience then sang the following hymn written for the 
Seventy-fifth anniversary of Thetford Academy, by Rev. A. J. 
Pike, Thetford class of 1851. 

Dear Alma Mater, true, 
The past we now review 

With filial joy. 
We greet thee on thy hill, 
Our hearts are loyal still, 
And with a grateful thrill 

Our songs employ. 

Bright hours we spent with thee, 
When climbing Learning's tree 

With youthful zeal ; 
Our future then seemed bright 
Along the path of right, 
And Fame's most lofty height 

We deemed our weal. 

The teachings just and wise, 
Up pointed to the skies 

In Virtue's way. 
And in life's labor wrought, 
In all life's battles fought. 
The truths which thou hast taught 

Have won the day. 

Our schoolmates all we greet. 
Where'er on earth we meet 

Our chums of yore. 
True courage on the way. 
Steps upward every day ; 
The goal for which we pray 

Growth evermore. 



102 

Our thanks to Heaven we raise 
In songs of grateful praise 

For guidance still. 
May learning yet increase. 
Advancement never cease, 
Led by the Prince of Peace, 

On Thetford Hill. 

Benediction was pronounced by Rev. William Slade. 



BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES. 

Mr. Slafter contributes from his studies, the following notes 
of Judge Buckingham, Hon. B. Loomis, Dr. Palmer, Judge 
Short, and Rev. Dr. Burton, also the list of trustees, the list 
of instructors, and the list of students who fitted for college at 
Thetford Academy and received A. B. or other advanced courses 
or degrees : 

Hon. Jedediah Parker Buckingham, son of Capt. Jedediah and 
Martha (Clark) Buckingham, was born in Lebanon, Conn., April 
7, 1758; graduated at Dartmouth College in 1779. He read law 
with Judge Theophilus Parsons at Newburyport, Mass., and with 
the Hon. Sylvester Gilbert at Hebron, Conn., and spent two 
years in England studying at the Temple, London. Soon after 
his return he located in Thetford. He married, first, Ann Cook, 
May 7, 1788. She died July 18, 1835 ; second, Mirabah Springer, 
September 20, 1835. ^^ "^i^*^ September 20, 1841. He was 
the first Treasurer of Thetford Academy, Judge of Probate, and 
Chief Justice of Orange county court, Vermont, from 1 799-1805. 

Hon. Beriah Loomis, son of Beriah, of Bolton, Conn., was 
born March i, 1753 ; married Mary Benton, of Tolland, Conn., 
July 14, 1774; died at Thetford, Vt., November 29, 1820. 
Resided in Tolland, i774-'79, then removed to Thetford in 
1780. He was a judge of the Orange county court 1797- 
18 1 1 and 18,13-' 1 7, eighteen years in all. He was one of the 
trustees of Thetford Academy. 

Dr. David Palmer was born at Castleton, Vt., June 15, 17S9 ; 
educated at Castleton Academy, having previously learned to 
read from the Bible only, and then reading Plutarch's Lives, 
Rollin's History, and the Spectator; at nineteen began to study 
medicine with Dr. Clark, of Middletown, Vt., teaching school 
in the winters. In 1812, he settled in Clarendon; in 1822, 
removed to Poultney; and in 1825, to Thetford. In 1828, 
delivered lectures at Thetford ; and in 1830, gave a short course 
of lectures on materia medica at the Medical school at Wood- 
stock. In 1 83 1 he removed to Woodstock to be an instructor 
in the Vermont Medical College ; and so continued till his death 
in Pittsfield, Mass., October 22, 1840, the result of iulialing a 
gas while performing an experiment. 



104 

Hon. Simeon Short was born in Hartland, Vt., December 
I, 1786; died in Thetford, February 25, 1877. He was admit- 
ted to Dartmouth College, but was obliged to give up a col- 
legiate education ; however, he continued his studies through 
the requirements of the sophomore year. He studied law with 
Judge Hubbard, of Windsor, and was admitted to the bar in 
1814. He settled in Thetford, 18 1 5. He represented Thetford 
in the legislature for the years i828-'3o ; was in the state senate 
in i838-'4o; was register of probate i824-'36; also in 1849; 
was assistant judge of the county court in 1838, and judge of 
probate in 1840. He was a trustee of Thetford Academy more 
than forty years. 

Rev. Asa Burton, D. D., was born in Stonington, Conn., 
August 25, 1752, the son of Jacob and Rachel, and the sixth 
child in a family of thirteen. The trustees of Dartmouth Col- 
lege met at his father's house in Norwich, Vt., and this suggested 
to him the thought of a collegiate education. He began to 
prepare for college after he was twenty years old and was 
admitted to Dartmouth College on his twenty-first birthday, 
graduating in 1777. He preached his first sermon in Norwich; 
subject, "Justification by Faith." He was ordained in Thet- 
ford, January 19, 1779. In 1824, he published his "Essays 
on Some of the First Principles of Metaphysics, Ethics, and 
Theology," designed to elucidate what is usually called the 
"Taste scheme," in opposition to the "Exercise scheme," of 
which Dr. Emmons, of Franklin, Mass., was the champion. 
He also published fifteen occasional sermons, two of them 
having been delivered before the legislature of Vermont. Dr. 
Burton was one of the original trustees of the University of 
Vermont, and afterwards a trustee of Middlebury College. 
He was the first President of Trustees of Thetford Acadeni}', 
and so continued as long as he was able. He preached a half- 
century sermon, and soon after his mental faculties began rapidly 
to decay. He died May i, 1836. 



TRUSTEES OF THETFORD ACADEMY AND THE 
TIME WHEN CHOSEN. 

Rev. Dr. Asa Burton, Hon. Jedediah Parker Buckingham, 
Hon. Joseph Reed, WiUiam Heaton, Hon. Lyman Fitch, Dr. 
Thomas Kendrick, Hon. Simeon Short, Dr. Elijah Hammond, 
Timothy P. Bartholomew, Hon. Beriah Loomis, Hon. Jedediah 
H. Harris, Strafford, Thomas Hopkins, Gen. Frederick Smith, 
Strafford, Capt. William Harris Latham, 1819. Dr. David 
Palmer, James White, Rev. Baxter Perry, Lyme, N. H., 1825. 
Presbury West, 1827. Rev. Elisha G. Babcock, 1833. Rev. 
Erdix Tenney, Lyme, N. H., 1835. ^^- Nathaniel White, 1836. 
Abijah Howard, Jr., Esq., 1837. Enoch Slade, Esq., Rev. 
Daniel Campbell, Orford, N. H., Prof. Ira Young, Hanover, 
N. H., Prof. Alpheus Crosby, Hanover, N. H., Eliezer J. Marsh, 
A. B., 1839. Morrill J. W^alker, 1S40. Dr. Harry H. Niles, 
Hiram Orcutt, A. B., 1843. Dr. Samuel W. Thayer, Jr., 1846. 
Dr. Ezra C. Worcester, 1847. Rev. Timothy F. Clary, George 
Denny, Westborough, Mass., 1850. John Lougee, Davis John- 
son, New York City, Rev. Hubbard Winslow, D. D., Boston, 
1852. Charles White, Worcester, Mass., 1855. Gilbert E. 
Hood, A. B., 1856. Samuel Fletcher, Rev. Leonard Tenney, 
1857. Bela Child, David W. Closson, 1858. Willard W. Baker, 
Benjamin Frost, Col. Solomon G. Heaton, Jonathan Farr, 
1 86 1. Ralph E. Hosford, 1862. William Slade, 1863. Rev. 
Moses T. Runnels, Orford, N. H., 1864. Rev. Isaac Hosford, 
A. P. Closson, 1865. Rev. Augustus Chandler, Strafford, Rev. 
William Sewell, Norwich, 1866. Solon K. Berry, 1867. Rev. 
R. T. Searle, Rev. Prof. Henry E. Parker, Hanover, N. H., Rev. 
Henry Hazen, Lyme, N. H., Samuel Mills Gleason, Esq., 1868. 
David A. Turner, Jr., A. M., 1869. Henry M. Latham, 1872. Rev. 
C. F. Morse, 1875. H. P. Cummings, E. P. George, West Fairlee, 
1879. J. J. Conant, 1880. William L. Murphy, Solon G. Smith, 
1881. Rev. Harry Brickett, William H. Long, Fairlee, 1882. 
Rev. H. Cummings, Strafford, William A. Dodge, 1883. Fred 
E. Garey, George S. Worcester, 1886. Dr. Heman H. Gillett, 
A. V. Turner, 1887. Rev. S. V. McDuffee, Prof. T. W. D. 
Worthen, Hanover, N. H., W. L. Paine, 1891. Thomas W. 
Bicknell, LL. D., Gen. John Eaton, Ph. D., LL. D., 1892. Frank 
P. Golden, 1893. Gilbert E. Hood, A. M., 1894. 



BOARD OF INSTRUCTION. 

An alphabetical list of the " Board of Instruction " in Thet- 
ford Academy from 1819 to 1894. The dates following the 
names indicate the beginning and ending of the instruction 
which was not in all cases continuous. In doubtful cases an 
interrogation follows the name. 



A 

Adams, Austin, associate principal 

Alden, E. H 

Ames, D. T., penmanship 

B 

Babcock, Rev. E. G., vocal music 

Baker, Matilda G., assistant 

Baldwin, Cyrus, principal 

Barber, S. M., principal . 

Bartholomew, George K., principal 

Beals, William H. . . . 

Bean, Minnie B. . . . 

Belcher, Louisa F. . 

Bliss, Don C. . 

Blood, Harriet A., preceptress 

Boardman, E, E. . 

Bucklin, George A. . . . ' 

Burke, William C, preceptor . 

Burn ham, Nathaniel 

Burton, Mercy, preceptress 

Buteau, S. A., teacher of modern languages 

Buteau, Mrs. S. A., ornamental branches . 

Butler, Henry E. . . . . . 



1849 

1855 
i8s8-'59 



1844 
1844 
1840 
1868 
i8s8-'59 

1856-57 
1883 

1853 
1884 
i8go 

1857 
1854 
1832 

1854 
1825 

1855-58 

1855-58 

1859 



Carlton, Emmarenza, drawing 
Cass, Jonathan 



1846-48 
1850 



107 



Caverno, Charles, associate principal 

Chandler, Charles H., principal 

Chapman, Jacob, preceptor 

Chase, Charles P., preceptor 

Chatterton, A. L. 

Cheney, J. Y. . 

Closson, Mary E. 

Closson, Sarah A. . • . 

Coburn, Loammi, preceptor 

Cochrane, Helen V. 

Conant, Catherine E. 

Conland, Miss O. I. 

Coote, Nellie . 

Cummings, Wm. H., preceptor 

Cummings, Mrs. Wm. H., teacher of music 

Cushman, Mrs. H. H., teacher of instrumental music 

D 

Dalpe, Jacob, teacher of French 
Dana, Wm. C, preceptor 
Davies, Sibby A. W., preceptress ? 
Denney, Mary E., preceptress 
Douglass, Alice M., 
Dubois, Eliza A., preceptress . 
Dudley, Georgia M., preceptress 
Dwinnell, Eliza F., preceptress 



Esterbrook, Adella A. 



E 



F 



Farr, Isabella G. . . . 
Farrington, Mary, assistant 
Fitch, Rev. John, preceptor 
Fletcher, Katherine, preceptress 
Fletcher, Margaret, preceptress 
Foster, Rev. A. B., assistant principal 
French, Geo. H., preceptor 



1854 
1866 

1834-35 
i867-'69 

1855- 

1853 

i859-'6i 

1864 

1830-31 

i878-'8o- 

1852 

1882 

1887 



i887-:88 
i86o-'6i 



1850-52 
1829 

1837-39 

i844-'5i 

1890 

1850-54 

i88o-'82 

1866 



i885-'86 



1861-62 

1843 
1819-25 
i864-'77 
1S77-94 

1849-51 
i863-'65 



108 



Frost, Henry M., assistant principal . . . i857-'58 

Frost, Laura E., teacher of primary department . i86o-'6i 

G 

Gardner, D. Clinton ...... 1892 

Gardner, Geo. W., teacher of penmanship . . i845-'46 

Garfield, Abbie 1888 

Gaudelet, Alfred, modern languages . . . i852-'55 

Gaudelet, Mrs. Alfred ...'... 1852-55 

Gerry, Mrs. Sophie . . . . . . . 1892 

H 

Hall, Edward Kent . . . . . . . 1891 

Hazen, Sarah E. ...... . 1859 

Hazen, Wm. S i8s8-'59 

Heath, Sarah Y. ...... . 1855-57 

Heaton, Mary, teacher of primary department . 1861 

Herrick, Geo. E. ...... . 1855 

Hitchcock, Daniel D., assistant .... 1848 

Holden, Jane M 1857-58 

Holmes, Miss , preceptress .... 1829 

Hood, Eliza P., preceptress ..... i855-'58 

Hood, Gilbert E., preceptor ..... i85i-'58 

Hood, Mrs. Gilbert E 1852 

Hood, Lucinda B., assistant ..... i855-'56 

Hopkins, Chas., preceptor ..... 1828 

Hough, Charlotte S., assistant in music . . . 184S 

Hough, Sarah M., assistant in music . . . 1845 

Howard, Roger S., assistant principal . . . 1847 

Howe, Alvah S., principal ..... 1865 -'66 

Howe, Mrs. Alvah S., preceptress .... i865-'66 

Hubbard, Joseph E., vocal music . . . . 1845-46 



K 



Kenerson, M. Vertner, assistant 
Kingsbury, G. D. . 



1882 
i849-'so 



Latham, Chas. F., music 



1844 



109 



Latham, Sarah A., instrumental music 




1844 


Lanphear, Orpheus T., associate principal 


1846 


Little, Arthur, substitute principal . 


. i86o-'6i 


Little, Charles, preceptor 


. 


. i86o-'6i 


Little, Priscilla, preceptress 


. 


. i86o-'6i 




M 


Mallory, J. N., preceptor . 


i888-'9i 


Mann, Benj. M. 








. 1847-48 


Marsh, Abram, preceptor 








. i827-'28 


Marsh, Eliezer J., preceptor 








• 1837-40 


McDuffie, Alice A,, assistant 








. 1891- 


McFarland, Nancy M. 








1859 


Montague, 0. T. 








1882 


Morse, Etta F., preceptress 








. i884-'88 


Munn, Horatio E. . 








. i847-'48 




N 


Nelson, Lucy E. 


i884-'85 


Newell, F. W., principal . 


. 1891- 


Newell, Mrs. F. W., preceptress 


>,.... 1891- 


Niles, Mary Gillett, music 


1891 


Norton, J, W., principal . 


. i86i-'63 







Orcutt, Hiram, preceptor 


• i843-'55 


Orcutt, Mrs. Sarah, preceptress 


• 1843-55 


Osgood, B. F 


1858 




P 


Paddock, Abby L. . 


1858 


Parker, Mary H. 








. i87o-'72 


Patterson, Jno. H., principal 








. i866-'67 


Pearson, Emily, assistant 








. i848-'49 


Peirce, Samuel, preceptor 








. i835-'37 


Phipps, Abner J., assistant 








1836 


Piper, Sherburne B., preceptor 








1829 


Plimpton, C. Idella 








1872 



110 



Pool, Sarah, preceptress . 
Pringle, Florence E. 
Prouty, E. K., music 
Putnam, Dr. D. P., physiology 
Putnam, Ellen R. . . . 



R 

Ranstead, Cynthia C, preceptress . 
Redington, Mary, preceptress . 
Richards, Jonas De Forest, preceptor 
Rugg, Louisa A. . . . . 

Russell, E. H. ■ . 



l827-'28 

i887-'88 

1854 
1851 

1854 



i863-'69 

1874-75 
1835 
1863 

1859 



Sargent, Jennie ..... 

Sargent, Mrs. Nettie .... 

Sawyer, Alma M. . 

Sherman, Sarah E. . . 

Shipherd, James K., preceptor . 

Short, Hon. Simeon, teacher of chemistry 

Slade, Helen F., assistant 

Slade, Laura (Mrs. Snow), drawing and paintin 

Slafter, Edmund F., assistant . 

Smith, Abbie H., assistant 

Smith, Amy, preceptress 

Smith, Carlos, preceptor .... 

Smith, Grace F., preceptress . 

Smith, O. W., assistant .... 

Smith, Solon W., music? . 

Snow, Alice M., preceptress 

Snow, Mrs. Laura (Slade), art 

Sparhawk, Sophia, preceptress 

Stanyan, John E., preceptor 

Stinson, S. B., assistant .... 

Stoddard, Mrs. S. D., preceptress 



i863-'65 

1891 

i87o-'76 

i863-'66 

1832-34 

1842 

i889-'9o 

1849 

1840 

1854 
i8i9-'25 
i825-'27 

i825-'27 

i856-'S7 

i847-'7o 

i872-'74 

1870 

i84o-'42 

1840-43 

1848 

i860 



Taylor, Oscar, assistant 



1853-54 



Ill 



Thayer, Dr. S. W., Jr., lecturer on chemistry 
Thayer, Mrs. Sarah L., instrumental music 
Thayer, Wm. W., preceptor 
Turner, David, Jr., preceptor . 
Turner, Mrs. M. C, preceptress 

W 

Walker, Geo. W., assistant 
Wardwell, John H., preceptor . 
Washburn, Laura A., preceptress 
Weld, B. AL, preceptor . 
Weston, Charlotte, assistant 

Wheeler, E. J 

White, Caroline, assistant 
White, Mary, teacher of French ? 
White, Dr. Nathaniel, lecturer on physics 
White, Sarah M., preceptress . 
Whittemore, Luther B., assistant 
Woods, E. C. A., assistant 

Wood worth, H. B 

Worcester, Dr. Ezra C, chemistry and botany 
Worcester, Miss E. S., instrumental music 
Worcester, George S., vocal music . 
Worthen, Susan S., assistant . 



1844-45 
1845-46 
1831 
i869-'8i 
i869-'7o 



1857 
1869 

1835-36 
i88i-'84 

1857 
i887-'88 

1845 

1835 
1844-50 

1838 
i847-'48 

1849 

1852-57 
i846-'65 

1857 

1857-58 

1883 



STUDENTS. 

Students who fitted for college at Thetford Academy and 
graduated at college or theological institutions, or without 
graduating received collegiate honors. 



Abbott, Rev. Benjamin Henry, Amherst College . . 1857 

Alden, Rev. Edward Hyde, Dartmouth College . . 1859 

Alden, Rev. Ezra Judson, D. C. . . . . . 1852 

B 

Baldwin, Dr. Thomas Porter, D. C. . . . . 1849 

Ball, Rev. Jasper Newton, D. C. . . . . . 1849 

Baker, John Richards, D. C. . . . . . .1855 

Bates, Frederick, D. C. . . . . . . .1855 

Barnard, William Edward, D. C 1856 

Bicknell, Thomas Williams, LL. D., Brown University . i860 

Bixby, John Herbert, D. C 1883 

Blackmer, Orlando Cullen, Williams College . . . 1853 

Blake, Joseph Albert, Williams College .... 1862 

Bliss, Rev. Asher, Amherst College .... 1829 

Bliss, Don C, D. C. . . . . . . . 1892 

Blood, Edward F., D. C. . . . . . .1892 

Boardman, Hon. Halsey Joseph, D. C. . . . . 1858 

Bond, Samuel Robert, D. C. . . . . . . 1855 

Brainerd, Rev. Asa, University of Vermont . . . 1826 

Brindlecom, Henry, D. C. . . . . . . 1869 

Bruce, Thaddeus Walker, D. C. . . . . .1852 

Burnham, Dr. Coeleb, D. C. . . . . . . 1865 

c 

Chamberlain, Rev. Joshua Metcalf, D. C. . . . 1855 

Chase, Rev. Levi Gilbert, D. C. . . . . . 1862 

Chase, Thomas Noyes, D. C. . . . . . 1862 



113 



Child, George Henry, D. C. . 

Clement, Charles Henry, D. C. 

Clagston, John Henry, D. C. 

Coburn, Samuel Perrin, D. C. 

Colby, Ira, D. C. . 

Cole, David Farnham, D. C. . 

Conant, Hon. Chester Cook, D. C. 

Conant, David, M, D., Medical 

Conant, Samuel, Norwich University 

Converse, Rev. William Amherst Coult, D. C. 

Cook, Edmund Curley, D. C. . 

Coombs, Frederick Leslie, D. C. 

Coombs, Harry E., D. C. 

Corey, Dr. Charles Granderson, D. C. 

Cotton, Samuel Carlton, D. C. 

Crane, Royal Southwick, D. C. 

Cummings, Allen C, D. C. . 

Cummings, Rev. Isaac, Middlebury College 

Cummings, William Henr}', D. C. . 

Cushing, Rev. James Royal, Bangor Theological Sem., 



1877 
1872 
1894 
1849 

1857 
1861 

1857 



1857 
1892 
1883 
1892 

1857 
i860 

1857 
1892 
1824 
1879 
1828 



D 



Dalpe, Jacob, D. C. 
Dana, Rev. Judah, D. C. 
Dewing, Elijah Francis, D. C. 
Dodge, Rev. George Webb, D. C. 
Dodge, Samuel Delano, D. C. 
Doolittle, Rev. Lucius, University of A^ermont 
Douglass, Dr. Henry Shotto, LTniversity of Vermont 
Douglass, Melvin Lorin, University of Michigan 
Douglass, Edmund Peaslee, LTniversity of Vermont, Medi 
cal Department ...... 

Dudley, Rev. Joseph Francis, D. D., D. C. 



1855 
1845 
1856 
1850 
1863 
1838 
1881 
1889 

1889 
1858 



E 

Eaton, Gen. John, Ph. D., LL. D., D. C. 

Eaton, John M., M. D., Harvard Medical School 



1854 
1856 



114 



Farr, Evarts Worcester (honorable A. M.), D. C. 

Farr, George, D. C. 

Fay, George Whitefield, Williams College 

Fay, James Edward, Williams College 

Farnsworth, Rev. Wilson Amos, D. D., Middlebury Col, 

Fellows, Col. Stark, D. C 

Fitch, Dr. Leonard Mellen, University of Vermont 
Freeman, Dr. Andrew Washington, D. C. 
Frost, Dr. Carlton Pennington, LL. D., D. C. 
Frost, Edwin Brant, D. C. . 
Frost, Rev. Henry Martyn, D. C. . 
Frye, John Franklin, D. C. . 
Fuller, Abraham Lincoln, D. C. . 



G 

Gardner, Rev. George Warren, D. D. 
Gleason, Hon. Samuel Mills, D. C. 
Goulding, Frank Putnam, D. C. 
Grant, William Cutting, D. C. 
Graves, Galen Allen, D. C. . 
Griswold, Rev. John Bunce, D. C. . 



D 



C. 



1872 
1862 

1857 
1856 
1848 
1862 
1826 

1854 
1852 
1858 
1857 

1859 
1885 



1852 
1858 
1863 
1851 

1854 
i860 



H 

Hale, Oscar Adrian, D. C. . 

Hanson, John, D. C. . 

Hazen, Rev. Allen, D. D., D. C. . 

Hazen, Rev. Norman, D. C. . 

Heaton, Rev. Austin Carpenter, D. D., D. C. 

Hebard, Rev. George Diah Alonzo, D. C. 

Hersey, Albert James, D. C. . 

Hinckley, Hon. Lyman Gillett, D. C. 

Hood, Gilbert Edwin, D. C. . 

Hopkins, Charles, D. C. 

Hosford, Rev. Benjamin Franklin, D. C. 

Hosford, Rev. Isaac, D. C. . 

Hosford, Dr. Willard, D. C. . 



i860 

1859 
1842 

1840 

1840 

1854 

1859 
1856 
1851 
1827 
1838 
1826 
1838 



115 



Hovey, Rev. Alvah, D. D., LL. D., D. C. 
Hovey, Amos White, D. C. . 
Hovey, Gen. Charles Edward, D. C. 
Hovey, Rev. Edmund Otis, D. D., D. C. 
Howard, Rev. Roger Strong, D. D., D. C. 
Howard, William Wallace, D. C. . 
Hudson, Rev. John William, D. C. 
Hulbert, Rev. Calvin Butler, D. D., D. C. 

J 

Johnson, Henry Larned, Yale University 
Joyslin, Rev. William Royal, D. C. 



1844 
1842 
1852 
1828 
1829 

T853 
1858 

1853 



i860 
1856 



K 

Kendrick, Charles Edward, D. C. . 
Kidder, Samuel Bass, D. C. . 
Kimball, Charles Augustine, Amherst College 
Kinney, George Edward, D. C. . 



1841 
i860 
1854 
1893 



Lambert, Roger Newton, M. D., D. C. . 
Latham, Allen Crafts, University of Vermont 
Latham, Charles French, D. C. 
Chatham, Dr. William Harris, D. C. 
Lord, Rev. Amasa Converse, D. C. 
Lord, Francis Brown, D. C. . 
Lord, James Brown, Amherst College 
Lord, Rev. Samuel John Mills, D. C. 
Lund, Charles Carroll, D. C. . 



M 

Mann, Lewis, D. C. 
Marsh, Rev. Abram, D. C. 
Marsh, Charles Chapman, D. C. 
Marsh, George Hubbard, D. C. 
Marshall, Anson Southard, D. C. 



1825 
1858 
1848 
1836 

1843 
1856 

185s 
1844 

1855 



1832 
1825 
1828 
1861 
1848 



116 



Marshall, Jonathan, D. C. . 

Mason, Dr. Rufus Osgood, D. C. . 

Merrill, George Franklin, D. C. 

Morrill, Henry Albert, D. C. . 

Morse, Charles Herbert, Amherst College 

Morse, Etta F., Boston University 

N 

Newcomb, Rev. Homer Sackett, D. C. . 
Niles, George Washington, D. C. . 
Norton, Rev. Edward, D. C. . 



Palmer, Alanson, D. C. . 

Palmer, Dr. Benjamin Rush, D. C. 

Palmer, Rev. William Stratton, D. D., D. C. 

Palmer, Wilson, D. C. . 

Patch, Rev. George Bela, D. D., D. C. 

Patten, William Robie, D. C. 

Patterson, Rev. Webster, D. C. 

Perrin, Henry Martyn, D. C. 

Perry, Rev. Arthur Latham, LL. D., Williams 

Perry, Baxter Edwards, Middlebury College 

Pierce, John Sabin, D. C. . 

Pierce, Maris Br)'ant, Indian Chief, D. C. 

Pike, Rev. Alpheus Justus, D. C. . 

Pike, Rev. Gustavus Norman, D. D., D. C. 

Pixley, William Randolph, D. C. . 

Porter, Albert Hezekiah, D. C. 

Porter, William Gove, D. C. . 

Pratt, Rev. Jacob Loring, Amherst College 

Pringle, Rev. Henry Nelson, D. C. 

Putnam, Rev. Alfred Porter, S. T. D., Brown 

Putnam, Nathaniel French, Bowdoin College 

R 

Read, Charles, D. C. . 
Reynolds, Benjamin Miles, D. C. . 





• 1854 




1854 




1858 




i860 




1880 




. 1894 


. 1852 


. 1838 


. I86I 


. i860 




1831 




1853 




i860 




1862 




1861 




1865 




1853 


College 


1852 




1849 




185 1 




1840 




1855 




1858 




1852 




1871 


. 


1882 




1862 




1890 


Universit} 


1852 




1863 


. 1835 




1852 



117 



Richmond, Rollin Marsh, University of Vermont 

Ross, George Eugene, D. C. . 

Ruggles, Professor Edward Rush, Ph. D., D. C. 



1857 
1859 
1859 



Sargent, Abiel Cooper, D. C. 

Searle, Alonzo Thurston, Amherst College 

Searle, Charles Putnam, Amherst College 

Senter, Rev. Oramel Stephens, D. C. 

Simmons, David Goodrich, Middlebury College 

Slade, Rev. William, Williams College . 

Slafter, Rev. Carlos, D. C. . 

Slafter, Rev. Edmund Farwell, D. D., D. C. 

Smith, Azro Andrus, University of Vermont 

Smith, Baxter Perry, D. C. . 

Stacy, John Baldwin, D. C. . 

Stanley, Charles Herbert, D. C. . 

Steele, George Henry, D. C. . 

Stocker, Rev. John, Middlebury College 



1857 
1877 
1876 
1848 
1849 
1884 
1849 
1840 
1856 

1854 
1880 

1859 
1845 
1830 



Tenney, Asa Wentworth, D. C. . . . . . 1859 

Tenney, Rev. Leonard Baker, D. C. . . . . 1875 

Thayer, Dr. Samuel White, LL. D., Vermont Medical 

College 1838 

Thayer, Rev. Loren, D. C. . . . . . . 1840 

Thayer, Rev. William Withington, Bangor Theological 

Seminary ......... 1838 

Thomson, Homer Alexander, Brown University . . 1852 

Turner, Charles Humphrey, Williams College . . 1S81 

Turner, David, Jr., D. C 1841 

Tyler, Charles Converse, D. C 1876 

w 

Waterbury, Julius Henry, D. C. . . . . . 1850 

Walker, Dr. Augustus Chapman, D. C 1862 

Walker, Hon. Lyman, Middlebury College . . . 1858 

White, George Thompson, D. C i860 



118 



White, Randall Hobart, D. C. 
Whittemore, Rev. Luther Baker, D. C. . 
Woodworth, Rev. Horace Bliss, D, C. . 
Woods, Rev. Enoch Charles Augustus, D. C. 
Worcester, Dr. William Leonard, D. C. . 
Worthen, Harry Niles, Norwich University 

Worthen, John Albert, D. C 

Worthen, Hon. Joseph Henry, D. C. 

Worthen, Professor Thomas Wilson Dorr, D. C. 



1862 
1849 

1854 
1850 
1869 

1857 
1876 

1873 
1872 



Total, 187. 



Selections from Letters and " Notes of Doings " 
by Thetford Students. 



■" There is no life of a man faithfully reco7-ded Imt is a heroic poem of its 
sort, rhymed or unrhy^nedP 



Senator Justin Smith Morrill, of Strafford, is one of the men 
in Congress of longest public service, but his biography in the 
Congressional Directory is one of the shortest, as follows : 

Was born at Strafford, Vermont, April 14, 1810; received a 
common school and academic education ; was a merchant, and 
afterward engaged in agricultural pursuits ; was a representative 
in the Thirty-fourth, Thirty-fifth, Thirty-sixth, Thirty-seventh, 
Thirty-eighth, and Thirty-ninth congresses ; was elected to the 
United States senate as a Union Republican, to succeed Luke 
P. Poland, Union Republican, and took his seat March 4, 1867 ; 
was re-elected in 1872, in 1878, in 1884, and in 1890. His 
term of service will expire March 3, 1897. 

But these few words embrace a great history, and the senator 
recollects with great interest his short student life at Thetford. 
His roommate was Edmond Otis Hovey, who graduated at 
Dartmouth in 1828 ; became a minister ; received the degree 
of Doctor of Divinity, and was for many years professor in 
Wabash College. Mr. Fitch was principal, and Mrs. Smith 
his associate. He desired to attend college, but circumstances 
and friends influenced him to enter upon business life. For a 
time he clerked in Portland, Maine, with a firm who were ship- 
pers of sugar and molasses, and later was engaged in a whole- 
sale dry goods store. Latham & Kendrick, merchants in 
Thetford, had also a store in Strafford, and the man in charge 
died, and Mr. Morrill was selected to close out the business. 
In partnership with a large house he bought a remnant of the 
stock, and before twenty-one years of age he went to Boston to 
buy a stock of goods. He went out of active trade in 1848, 
and entered congress in 1854. 

Mr. Morrill has been distinguished as a financier. His in- 
fluence upon tariff legislation has been prominent for nearly 
half a century. He has never been carried away by visionary 
views. His experience in handling various commodities enabled 
him to see just where tariff touches the commodity on which it 
is levied. His views therefore are most practical. He counts 
it an advantage, too, that in his early observations the trade 
quotations gave with the prices the rate of tariff imposed. 
Among educators Mr. Morrill is known as the father of agri- 
cultural colleges, and greatly revered. He has been especially 
helpful in legislation in providing for public buildings at the 




Hon. William K. Chandlkk. 



121 

capital and elsewhere in the country. Space will not permit 
mention of the numerous important measures he has either 
originated or promoted. 

Hon. Wm. E. Chandler, of Concord, N. H., recalls his attend- 
ance upon Thetford Academy with interest and gratitude. He 
has long been a national leader in the Republican party. He has 
recently been re-elected, by a flattering vote, by the legislature 
of New Hampshire for a term of six years. He has been un- 
usually favored among the statesmen of New Hampshire. 

He was born in Concord, New Hampshire, December 28, 
1835 5 received a common school education ; and studied at 
Thetford ; studied law ; graduated at Harvard Law School, and 
was admitted to the bar in 1855 ; in 1859 was appointed re- 
porter of the decisions of the supreme court ; was a member of 
the New Hampshire house of representatives in 1862, 1863, 
and 1864, serving as speaker during the last two years; on 
March 9, 1865, became solicitor and judge-advocate-general of 
the navy department ; was appointed first assistant secretary of 
the treasury June 17, 1865, and resigned that office November 
30, 1867 ; in 1876 was a member of the New Hampshire con- 
stitutional convention ; in 1881 was again a member of the New 
Hampshire house of representatives; on March 23, 1881, was 
appointed by President Garfield solicitor-general, but was re- 
jected by the senate ; was appointed by President Arthur secre- 
tary of the navy April 12, 1882, and served till March 7, 1885 ; 
was elected to the United States senate June 14, 1887, as a 
Republican, to fill the unexpired term of Austin F. Pike, which 
ended March 3, 1S89; was first re-elected June 18, 1889, and 
again January 15, 1895. His term of service will expire March 
3, 1901. 

Mr. Chandler's administration of the navy was marked by 
the vigorous promotion of its improvement as a defence of the 
rights and honor of the United States. 

Through his energy and promptness General Greely and his 
associate survivors of the Greely expedition were found and 
saved when at the point of death. 

Rev. Allen Hazen entered Thetford Academy in 1835, Jonas 
DeF. Richards, principal, and Miss Laura Washburn, lady 
principal. The Academy building was new, or had been recently 
built over. The building was filled to crowding with students. 
Later he studied at Meriden, under the instruction of Cyrus 
Richards, and in 1838 entered Dartmouth College, and gradu- 
ated in due course. He graduated at Andover in 1845, hav- 



122 

ing also attended medical lectures at Dartmouth. He was 
ordained at Berlin, Vt., July i, 1846, and was married Sept. 
18, 1846, to Miss Martha R. Chapin, of Somers, Conn., and 
sailed as a missionary of the A. B. C. F. M. for Bombay, India, 
Sept. 26, where they arrived Feb. 27, 1847. 

His work as a missionary was preaching and overseeing 
schools. He was a member of a translation committee of the 
Bible society, and did work in the revision of the translation of 
the Bible in the Manithi language. He carried through the 
press two editions of the entire Scriptures, and two editions of 
the New Testament. 

He returned from the mission field in 1872, broken down in 
health, but after a season of rest, when comparatively restored, 
he began preaching again. 

In 1891 he was sent to London as delegate to the Interna- 
tional Congregational Council, and went on to India to visit 
the old field, and returned to this country in 1894. 

Hon. William Watson Niles, attorney, 1 1 Wall street. New 
York city, born at West Fairlee, Vt., March 26, 1822, was the 
son of Judge William and Relief (Barron) Niles, and the grand- 
son of Judge Nathaniel Niles, the first member of congress 
sent from the Green Mountain State, who was, withal, dis- 
tinguished as a lawyer, inventor, and poet. He fitted for 
college at Thetford Academy and Newbury Seminary, and 
graduated from Dartmouth in the regular course in 1845. 

He chose the law for his profession, and studied with his 
brother. Judge John B. Niles of La Porte, Ind. For the pur- 
pose of gaining a broader culture he now attended lectures at 
the Indiana Medical College, and acted as assistant with his 
brother, who, though a lawyer, was the professor of -chemistry. 
Later he prosecuted his law studies in New York, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar. After a tour of travel in Europe he returned 
to this city and settled in active practice of the law. 

He married in 1855 Isabel, daughter of Hon. Hugh White 
of Cohoes. He has practised law in Wall street more than 
thirty years, and conducted some of the most remarkable cases 
with distinguished ability. Mr. Niles was one of a dozen 
instrumental in organizing the "Loyal League," out of which 
sprung the Union League Club. He also shared in organizing 
the "Young Men's Christian Association," the "American 
Museum of Natural History," and the "American Geographical 
Society." He was first to suggest, and was chairman of the 
Greeley Monument Committee which placed the great editor's 
monument in Greeley Square. 




HON. W. W. NILES. 



123 

Mr. Niles was on the judiciary committee in the assembly 
■with Governors Tilden, Hill, and Prince, and reported the im- 
peachment of the judges and other measures for the overthrow 
of the Tweed" ring and dynasty, and was one of the managers 
who tried Judge Barnard before the court of impeachment. 

Mr. Niles has also done much to secure public improvements 
in and about the city of New York. He was one of the com- 
missioners appointed to locate the parks, who have added to 
their area nearly five thousand acres. He collected and con- 
densed park literature on which the public judgment of parks 
has been formed. He was instrumental also in securing to the 
city rapid transit and larger ferry accommodations. 

Mr. Niles has travelled extensively in every state and terri- 
tory and abroad. As a man, citizen, and lawyer, Mr. Niles has 
a record which may well be remembered with pride. 

Rev. Edmond F. Slafter, D. D., was born in Norwich, Vt. ; 
fitted for college at Thetford Academy ; graduated at Dart- 
mouth, 1840; studied divinity at Andover ; ordained in Trinity 
Church, Boston, by Bishop Eastburn, rector of St. Peter's 
Church, Cambridge, and later became rector of St. John's 
Church, Jamaica Plain ; superintendent of American Bible So- 
ciety for the Protestant Episcopal Church for twenty years, 
resigning in 1877. He received A. B. and A. M. and the hon- 
orary D. D. from Dartmouth College. 

Since retiring he has devoted himself to the care of property 
belonging to members of his family and friends, and giving his 
leisure to historical studies. He is resident, honorary, or cor- 
responding member of a large number of American or foreign 
historical numismatic societies. 

Besides fifteen or twenty smaller pamphlets from his pen 
there have been enumerated some eighteen works, under sepa- 
rate titles, including discourses on special occasions. 

He is now president of the Prince Society, register of the 
Diocese of Massachusetts, chairman of the executive committee, 
and chairman of the building committee of the Massachusetts 
Bible Society, and is about to put to press, under the auspices of 
the Prince Society, a work on the life of Rev. John Checkley. 
Indeed, his historical and literary activity in the past is full of 
rich promise for the future. 

Rev. W. A. Farnsworth, D. D., wrote from CcEsarea, Cappa- 
docia, Turkey : 

Thanks for your invitation to a " reunion at old Thetford." 
Be assured that one of the boys that left Thetford for college 



124 

just fifty years ago longs to be with you. Perhaps Center may 
be with you. Marshall went to the other world many years ago, 
on Independence day. I trust you will have with you Carlos 
Slafter of Dedham, Mass., and Baxter E. Perry of Boston, and 
other boys whom I left at Thetford and who entered college a 
little later. 

I was first a student in the Academy in 1838. I made my 
home at the old Garry farm, a mile or so from the school, and 
paid for my board by "doing chores" morning and evening. 
The school was then under the charge of Mr. Marsh. I was 
there at that time only one term. In 1842 I again joined the 
school, then under Mr. Stanyan. At that time the main hall 
was on the lower floor, and so constructed that the girls and 
boys sat opposite and facing one another. Over opposite me 
sat a black-eyed maiden, who in some mysterious way made a 
lasting impression on me, though I do not think I ventured to 
speak to her till some years later. That was Caroline Palmer, 
my companion and my "better two thirds" for more than forty 
years. Not long after this, I think it was in the summer of 
1843, Mr. Stanyan was succeeded by a young man fresh from 
Dartmouth College, Hiram Orcutt by name. He entered upon 
his work with unbounded enthusiasm, and at once infused new 
life into the school. I trust that if your plan for a reunion suc- 
ceeds you will be honored by the presence of Dr. Orcutt. Thet- 
ford Academy should not forget him so long as those grand old 
maples adorn the yard and streets. As to those trees, if I 
mistake not, Charlie Latham, of whom the town library and the 
church organ are wholly, or in part, mementoes, also Slafter, 
Whittemore, the Coburns, the Perrys, as well as myself, got 
good exercise in procuring and setting them. But we should 
not have planted them had we not been prompted to do so by 
our thoughtful and wide-awake teacher. How much he did for 
those alluded to and afterwards, for hundreds of others, I can 
only guess by what he did for me. To him and hence to Thet- 
ford Academy I am very greatly indebted. He found me just 
leaving school and beginning the study of law in the ofiice of 
Esquire Howard. He said to me, " Farnsworth, this will not 
do, you must go to college," and to college I went. But for 
this kindly advice it is almost certain that I should have been 
a more or less (probably less) successful lawyer, not to say, 
pettifogger. 

I wish you the most complete success in your efforts to secure 
a general meeting of the old boys and the old girls. Of course 
many of the younger ones will be there. Would that I could be 
with you. My friends will see that I can hardly be expected to 




REV. \V. A. FARNSWORTH, D.D. 




CAROLINE E. PALMER FARNSWORTH. 



125 

make a journey of more than seven thousand miles for that 
purpose, however much I wish to join your happy throng. 

I doubt whether there can be found, in this little world of ours, 
another place, so far from Thetford, where so much labor has 
been bestowed by Thetford boys and girls as here in Caesarea, 
the ancient Mazica; one of the oldest cities in the world. Just 
forty years ago I arrived here (June, 1854) with the black-eyed 
maiden alluded to above and we have just worked right on here, 
all these years, trying to do what was in our power to bring the 
people to a higher and more noble life. With me came Rev. 
Jasper Ball, another Thetford boy. He was an able and suc- 
cessful laborer for many years, here and elsewhere, till failing 
health compelled him to leave. 

When, in 1867 the progress of the work made it necessary to 
establish a boarding school for girls, a Thetford girl, pupil in 
the academy off and on from 1853 to i860, Miss Sarah A. Clos- 
son, came to Caesarea and took up that work. She has prose- 
cuted it with very great efficiency and success for nearly a quar- 
ter of a century. When the time came to do more for the little 
ones, Miss Fannie E. Burrage, a student in Thetford Academy 
in 1870, was the one to take up kindergarten work, and she is 
now doing a glorious work in that line both in training the little 
ones and in teaching other young ladies from various parts of 
the empire to do the same work. We have no more acceptable 
or efficient worker (you will pardon me for saying it), than is 
another who first as a beautiful girl was a student in Thetford 
Academy in 1867 and afterwards as when more mature in 
i87i-'72. This is Carrie (Farnsworth) Fowle, who by widely 
circulated '■ letters to mothers," and in other ways, has done and 
is doing much for the making of better and happier homes. Of 
the ten missionary laborers now here four studied at Thetford 
Academy. All send greetings. Each one wishes you a happy 
reunion. May Thetford Academy be more and more prosper- 
ous and may its students and graduates be an honor to it and a 
blessing to society, wherever they may be. 

Of the children of Dr. and Mrs. Farnsworth, Carrie Palmer 
(F) Fowle, educated at Thetford Academy and at South Hadley, 
is a missionary at Cajsarea, Turkey ; Charles Hubert (F) re- 
ceived a special musical education at Worcester, Mass., and is 
now in charge of the musical department of the State Univer- 
sity, Boulder, Colorado ; Ellen S. (F), educated at the High 
school in Newton, Mass., has private classes in literature in 
Detroit, Mich. ; Harriet M. (F) Gulick, educated at Westboro 
High school and Wellesley College ; her husband, Rev. E. L. 
Gulick, is master in English, in Lawrenceville Academy, New 



126 

Jersey ; Charlotte J. (F) Little was educated at Westboro and 
Wellesley : her husband, W. A. Little, is a member of the firm of 
Dunbar, Buckle & Co., N. Y., and resides in Glenridge, N. J. 

Hon. Baxter E. Perry, born in Lyme, N. H., April 26, 
1826, fitted at Thetford, entered INIiddlebury College in 
advance and graduated in 1849, taught a year in Canada. 
He then was principal of Chester Academy for nearly five years. 
He married Charlotte H. Hough, a pupil of Thetford, in 1851, 
began law practice in Boston in 1855, and he is still so engaged. 
He has in the main closely and successfully adhered to the paths 
of professional life, unwilling to be much lured therefrom by 
offers of place or power. He once represented his district in 
the Massachusetts legislature, and is trustee of Middlebury Col- 
lege, and has been called to give collegiate and other important 
public addresses, and is now mayor of the city of Medford. 
His son is associated with him in the law. He is a brother of 
Professor Perry of Williams College. 

Gen. Charles E. Hovey wrote from Washington, D. C, — ■ 

" I regard it as a personal misfortune not to be able to join in 
celebrating the seventy-fifth anniversary of Thetford Academy. 
I grew up on a farm in sight of the hill on which it stands. My 
brothers and sisters went to school there as did I. There, friend- 
ships were formed that still exist ; and I confess to a good deal 
of pride in the great names to be found in the catalogues. 

" It would be hard to mention half a dozen abler scholars or 
better citizens than the late Roger S. Hoiuard, president of 
Norwich University; Hiram Orcitif,ioxmtr principal of the acad- 
emy ; Alvah Hovey, for nearly a third of a century president 
of Newton Theological Institution ; yohn Eaton, late United 
States commissioner of education and president of Marietta 
College ; Carlos Slafter, for many years principal of Dedham 
High school ; and Carlton P. Frost, dean of the medical faculty 
of Dartmouth College. I mention these names on the run, so 
to speak, and from one calling only, that of educators. Upon 
a little reflection I could doubtless swell the list several times 
over, to say nothing of those who have distinguished themselves 
in other callings, — in the ministry, in law, in literature, in med- 
icine, in business, and as soldiers. 

" Of course my schoolmates at the academy have reached or 
passed the half-century guideboard. It is at any rate over forty 
years since we occupied rooms in Heaton Hall, under the reign 
of King Hiram the First (of blessed memory), and wrote 
rhymes as an antidote to the fetich of Greek roots and Latin- 
prosody, — 




HON. BAXTER E. TERRY. 




MRS. CHARLOTTE (HOUGH) PERRY. 



127 



" ' Here Ezra, George and Obediah 
(Star members of our student choir) 
Put in mucli time near set of sun 
In singing with Professor Munn.' 

" Who Obediah was I have forgotten, but Ezra must have been 
Ezra Judson Alden, and George, was George W. Gardner, and 
'Professor' Munn was B. M. Munn. They were among our 
chief singers. 

" I remember, too, the exhibitions held in the Old Parish 
church, from whose tall pulpit Dr. Babcock used to preach. The 
good doctor, as you may know, was quite a favorite by reason of 
his short sermons. He took it for granted that we could n't 
handle much theology at a time. I wish I could forget the doc- 
tor's examination of me in the Latin word abutere, as found in 
Cicero's demand of Catiline, — 

' Quosque tandem aluttere, Catilina ! patientia nostra ? ' 

I thought I knew all about that word when the doctor began on 
me, but changed my mind before he got through, and the misery 
of it was, the doctor and the other big-wigs seemed to enjoy my 
discomfiture. 

" But I began to say something about exhibitions, — those 
public show occasions of the academy, which prevailed in my 
day, and may now, for aught I know. They were held in the 
church and drew together a big crowd of people. This crowd 
was not disposed to be critical but came thoroughly in earnest 
to have a good time and they had it. At least I never knew of 
a failure. Beside the bright girls who read compositions, there 
was an abundance of good music, and declamations and usually 
an end-off play, got up for the occasion, full of contemporary 
hits and abundance of good humor. One of these end-off plays 
that I remember, was a hit at the isms of the times forty or fifty 
years ago, written by Alvah Hovey, when a student. It began 
with a furious war of words between an abolitionist and a fire- 
eater, which was interrupted just as they were coming to blows, 
by the entrance of a pompous, swell-head ex-collegian who, upon 
being greeted by 'Squire Jones, delivered himself about in this 
form, — 

" 'A very timely and relevant interrogatory, Mr. Jones, and 
therefore it shall have a terse and laconic response. Having 
applied myself to the- profound cogitations of legal science for 
numerous consecutive months, exhausted nature intimated the 
indispensableness of relaxation and refection ; and apprehend- 
ing that peregrinations in the more rural and sparsely populated 



128 



districts approximating to her majesty's dominions would furnish 
irrecusable and paramount advantages to a gentleman of my 
temperament, I determined to rusticate in this longitude and 
latitude an undefined number of diurnal periods.' 

'■'■Yankee. — Jerusalem! What learning! Jones, hand me 
your dictionary ! ' Inexcusable and catamount advantages,' — 
what kind of things are they, I should like to know ? 

" yones. — You are a member of the legal profession, I under- 
stand ? 

" ' Precisely so. In the earlier portions of my juvenile exist- 
ence I perpetrated multifarious argumentative orations, and was 
innately conscious of a gigantic predisposition to the intricate 
labyrinthian profundities of municipal law. Nevertheless vmtil 
within a diminutive number of years have my mental faculties 
been trained in the gymnasium of craniological and mesmeric 
science. Physiology, psychology, neurology, and phrenology are 
sciences of which I am perfectly master, and to which most of 
my written concatenated lucubrations particularly relate.' 

" K(7;//('<?6'.— Mercy on me ! ' Concentrated puking rations ! ' 
Why, I should think your head would split. 

" But it didn't. Its gas was non-explosive. And, after him 
came a poetaster, a Maine liquor-law man, a spirit-rapper, a mes- 
merizer, a bump-examiner, and an assortment of other cranks, 
to all of whom the Yankee gave wondering attention, and when 
the mesmerizer and bump-examiner called for a subject to oper- 
ate upon, and no one volunteered, he tendered his services in that 
capacity. It is needless to say that his examination vv'as the 
feature of the play. After they had by manipulation put him to 
sleep, he began snoring., which was regarded as an unexpected 
but conclusive proof of the genuineness of the new science. 
They then woke up one after another of his bumps, beginning 
with language. As they touched this bump he began to talk ; 
then they touched the bump of patriotism, and his talk drifted 
into a Fourth of July speech ; then they rubbed into activity the 
bumps of pride and self-esteem when he arose from his chair, as- 
sumed the attitude and voice of the pompous collegian, and 
launched off in a spread-eagle oration so completely imitative of 
that learned individual that the house broke out in a howl of 
delight. It was certainly a rather clever take-off. Of course 
this was not all of the mesmeric examination or of the play. 
But I must stop here." 

Mrs. Mary Clement Leavitt wrote from Hilo, Hawaii, H. I,, 
March 23, 1894 : 

I have just now received a printed circular letter in reference 



129 

to the proposed gathering at Thetford Academy, the coming 
June. 

I address my reply to you (Geo. S. Worcester, Esq.) because 
I suppose you to be a son of Dr. Worcester, my beloved and 
revered teacher in chemistry, in 1846 and 1847. 

What wonderful lessons he gave us, and how joyfully spent 
extra hours in the evenings, in order that we might reach the 
point he desired for us, a point far beyond what he was ex- 
pected to teach us. 

Dr. Worcester easily stood in my regard beside our beloved 
principal, Mr. Orcutt. My other teachers were Mr. Hood and 
Mr. Whittemore. The last named has passed on to a better 
wond, but, according to the best of my belief, the others 
remain. 

How gladly would I go to dear old Thetford to greet these 
teachers and the pupils that will gather, but I have no hope of 
enjoying that pleasure. I was sixteen in 1846, and had never 
travelled one hundred miles from home, — now I am sixty-three, 
and have earned the title of the greatest tvonian traveller, if not 
the greatest traveller the world has known, and I began my 
journeys after I had passed my fifty-second birthday. 

The record stands, 160,000 miles travelled, 114 steamers 
sailed in, 32,564 pages written, 2,301 meetings held, 252 inter- 
preters employed to change my words into 47 different lan- 
guages, 140 societies formed. 

I was absent from home on one journey eight years lacking 
twenty days. I have visited and worked in the following coun- 
tries, and organized "Woman's Christian Temperance Unions in 
all except those in brackets : Hawaiian Islands, Australia, New 
Zealand, Tasmania, Japan, [Corea], China, Siam, Malay Penin- 
sula, Singapore the capital, Burma, Hindustan, Mauritius, Mad- 
agascar, Natal, Orange Free State, Cape Colony, [The Congo 
Free State], Old Calabar, Sierra Leone, Egypt, [Syria], Turkey 
in Asia, [Greece], Italy, [Germany], \^Denmark\ Norway, \_Siiie- 
den\ [Finland], [Holland], [Belgium], [Switzerland], [France], 
[Spain], [Portugal], \_England\ \Ireland\ \^Scotland\ [JVa/es], 
Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina. Some unions had been formed in 
the countries italicized, before my arrival. 

I was entirely alone all the way. At one time for five years, I 
■saw only the faces of strangers. 

During this time $7,000 passed through my hands of which I 
raised $5,000 as I went, mostly in the Hawaiian Islands, Austral- 
asia, South Africa and British Isles. The National W. C. T. U. of 
the United States supplied the remainder. I had no salary, not 
a cent beyond my necessary expenses. More than eight years 
9 



130 

I contributed letters to the Union Signal, more than two hun- 
dred columns in all, my only pay for which has been a copy of 
the paper from the time I began to write till now, a period of 
ten years. 

At the first convention, held in Boston, November, 1891, of 
the World's W. C. T. U.. which I had organized, I was made 
Honorary Life President of that society. No duties and no emol- 
uments accompany the honor. 

Since that date I have lectured in the United States in the 
summers, and have had more work offered than I could do. I 
have passed the win.ters in Honolulu, employing myself in pre- 
paring something for the press, which will, I trust, make its 
appearance in due time. When foreign work was finished and 
I nearly sixty-one years old, I began to make provision for the 
years of old age, when I cannot work, that may come some 
twenty or thirty years hence. My history aside from that of 
the ten years covering my travels, is as follows : I taught school 
and attended school alternately, after leaving Thetford, till I 
was twenty-one when I graduated from the State Normal School, 
then located at West Newton, Mass., but since removed ta 
Framingham. 

On graduation, I taught one year in Dover, Mass., then I 
obtained a position in the Quincy Grammar school of Boston, 
was once promoted in that school by the Hon. John D. Phil- 
brick, then head master but afterwards for many years super- 
intendent of schools in Boston. 

After two years, I was invited to take the place of head assis- 
tant in the Boylston Grammar school, Charles Kimball, master, 
and William T. Adams (Oliver Optic), sub-master. 

At the end of three years in the Boylston school, I was mar- 
ried in 1857, and became the joyful mother of three dear daugh- 
ters, all of whom still bless me with their love, and the youngest 
of whom has given me by her marriage, a son, and three charm- 
ing grandchildren. 

The oldest daughter, Miss Amy Leavitt, has been for sixteen 
years a music teacher in Washington, D. C. ; the second, Miss 
Agnes Leavitt, is an artist, and for some years past has lived 
and worked in Boston. 

When my youngest child was four years old, I took up the 
support of myself and children. To accomplish this, I opened 
and taught a school for young ladies and children, at 115 War- 
ren avenue, Boston. I continued to teach fourteen years. It 
was acknowledged that girls were as well educated in my school 
as at any one in Boston. It certainly was a most delightful one 
to me. I took beginners and finished the education. The 



131 

largest number of pupils at any one time was sixty-five. Then 
my corps of teachers was two regular teachers giving full time, 
two assistant pupils, and four specialists for French, German, 
Italian, and drawing. I taught French, Latin, and singing. 
Financially the school was sufficiently successful to support me 
and my children. 

I was invited back to the Normal school from which I gradu- 
ated, for the third time in 1881, but instead of taking the post 
offered me, I began temperance work on a salary, for the 
Massachusetts W. C. T. U. A year later I was an indepen- 
dent national lecturer, and a year later still began my foreign 
work and travels. 

I agree with Dr. Holmes, when he said, "It is better to be 
seventy years young, than thirty years old." Though only 
sixty-three, it is sixty-three years young, and I hope to be 
young till the end, whenever that may come, and then I know 
I shall put on eternal youth, with immortality. 

It was dear Mrs. Sarah Orcutt who helped me, in the autumn 
of 1846, to know that I had already become a child of God, 
when a little girl. My father baptized me soon after, and I am 
rejoiced to-day to stand a member of the church, a disciple of 
Jesus, with the hope of immortal life with Him. 

Bitter sorrows and great hardships have been mine, but He 
has never forsaken me. Would that I had loved and served 
Him better. There is nothing so good in this life as to love 
and serve the Lord. If there is one among teachers or pupils, 
older or younger than I, who has not done all in his or her 
power to uphold Christianity and to spread it throughout the 
dark, cruel, vile, pagan world, — to promote the great moral 
reform of the nineteenth century, — Temperance, total absti- 
nence and prohibition, nothing less, purity, anti-tobacco. Sab- 
bath observance, I beg of you by my love of my classmates, 
teachers, and dear old school, by my sacrifices and sufferings, 
including even stoning by a Romish mob, to come up to our 
help "For God and Home" and humanity. 

Prof. Arthur L. Perry, LL. D., Williamstown, Mass. ; son of 
Rev. Mr. Perry, of Lyme, N. H. ; was professor of history and 
political economy in Williams College for thirty-eight years, 
from 1853 to 1 89 1 without a break, and is still professor emeri- 
tus with salary, but without college duties. His books are — 
Economical: "Political Economy," published in 1865 ; "Intro- 
duction to Political Economy," published in 1877; "Principles 
of Political Economy," published in 1890. Historical : " Origins 
in Williamstown," published in 1894 ; " Williamstown and Wil- 



132 

liams College," not yet published; "Jubilee Miscellaneous," not 
yet published. 

Rev. A. A. Smith, of East Barre, Vt., took the B. A. at U. V. 
M., in 1856, and then was at Andover Seminary till the spring 
of 1857, when he became principal of Chelsea Academy. He 
married August 20, 1857, Lucinda R. Hood, and they taught 
six years, two in Burlington high school, and four in Franklin, 
N. H., high school. Meantime he re-read systematic theology, 
and was licensed to preach at Concord, N. H., in 1862. He took 
the two last years' lectures at Andover in one year, and in 1863 
located at Westfield, Vt., over the Congregational church there, 
and the missionary church in the adjoining town, and was or- 
dained nth of February, 1864. He cultivated these two fields 
four years, till the work became too large for one, when he took 
one of the fields for four years more ; then by added overwork 
in building a parsonage, he was disabled for a year. He was for 
six years at Irasburg, Vt., and after two years spent in recover- 
ing his health, he was thirteen years at Johnson, Vt., and after 
another year and a half of broken health he entered upon 
" frontier work " in a new village built up by the granite indus- 
try, also preaching part of the time at Orange. 

Hon. S. W. Burnham, Chicago, Illinois, clerk of the circuit 
and district courts of the United States, northern district of 
Illinois, busy as he is with the manifold duties of his office, has 
found time for some of the greatest achievements in astronomy. 
The gold medal of the Royal Astronomical Society of England 
was awarded to Mr. Burnham for his discovery and measure- 
ment of double stars, and, according to the custom of the soci- 
ety, the president made an address in connection with the 
delivery of the medal. 

He has been honored also in various publications, but 
especially in an article in the Cefitury Magazine for June, 1889. 
Mr. Burnham's great triumphs did not come by chance. It may 
be said that his skill as a stenographer, and his aptitude for the 
law, led to his appointment as clerk of the court ; but his mind 
was not content with the daily routine of duties, and he began 
to gratify his taste for astronomical studies. He has done much 
of his work without the usual aids, and has mastered one diffi- 
culty after another until he has won the highest results in his 
specialty. 

Capt. W. de W. Abney, C. B., R. E., D. C. L., F. R. S., on 
presenting the gold medal of the Royal Astronomical society to 
Mr. Burnham, goes somewhat into the results of Mr. Burnham's 




REV. AZRO A. SMITH. 




MRS. LUCINDA R. (HOOD) SMITH. 



133 

astronomical studies. He said : " By day be followed his regu- 
lar calling, whilst by night he studied the heavens, till daylight 
drove him to bed." 

In 1874, he became a fellow of the Royal society; in 1876, 
director of the Chicago observatory; in 1879, °" ^^^ recom- 
mendation of the distinguished professor, Newcomb, he reported 
on the atmospheric and other conditions of the locality of 
Mount Hamilton, the site of Lick observatory. In addition to 
his position as clerk of the court, he is now professor of astron- 
omy in the University of Chicago, and is to have charge of the 
great Yerkes observatory with its forty-inch telescope. 

Out of the 1,274 new double stars which he has discovered, 187 
are naked eye stars, not previously known to be double. " Be- 
sides the measures of his new stars, astronomy is indebted to 
him for many thousands of measures for previously known 
doubles." 

His articles in American and foreign scientific journals are 
well known. The line of work which he has laid out to accom- 
plish, he has successfully carried through. It is not of the 
showy or dramatic order which attracts universal attention, or 
gives occasion for newspaper paragraphs. It is, however, as 
arduous as it is unpretending. His accomplishments reflect 
great honor upon the old academy. 

The Misses Gillett, Catherine and Hannah, have done special 
marked service as teachers. Catherine, after leaving Thetford 
Academy, taught in Georgia and in Rhode Island and Vermont, 
some three years, and was the chief lady assistant in the Cen- 
tral Cleveland high school for twelve years, having under her 
instruction from 1,500 to 2,000 young men and women, with 
whom she was a great favorite. She then became Mrs. Dr. 
Niles, of Post Mills. Miss Hannah has continued to teach, for 
a long time having been principal of Brownel Street grammar 
school, one of the largest ward schools in the city of Cleveland. 
The difficult post she has filled with great acceptance. 

Rev. W. A. C. Converse, of Piermont, N. H., son of Joel and 
Abigail (Colt) Converse, was born in Lyme, 30th of April, 1830; 
graduated at Dartmouth, and for a number of years was a very 
much respected principal of the Toledo high school. He then 
taught, for a time, the high school in Cleveland, Ohio, and was a 
year superintendent of schools at Ypsilanti, Mich., and afterwards 
withdrew to the farm in care of an invalid wife, and studied 
theology. He has suffered much from ill health, but has held 
several pastorates, and delivered very much commended poems 



134 

on important occasions, and written considerably for the press. 
He says, '' now life seems to be a great waiting among my peo- 
ple for strength to resume my wonted work." 

Hon. Perkins Bass, attorney and capitalist, Chicago, 111., was 
born 30th of April, 1827, at Williamstown, Vt. ; graduated at 
Dartmouth in 1852; taught Chester Academy; read law with 
Hon. Henry E. Stoughton, also with Peck & Colby, of Mont- 
pelier; settled in Chicago in 1854; taught public school; began 
the practice of law, and continued in it until 1874, excepting a 
year when he was president of the state Normal University, at 
Bloomington ; was appointed U. S. district attorney by Lincoln. 
For several years he was a member of both the board of educa- 
tion of the city of Chicago, and the board of education of the 
state of Illinois. 

Prof. Carlton P. Frost, M. D., LL. D., Hanover, N. H., was 
born in Sullivan, N. H., May 29, 1830. Removed to Thetford, 
Vt., 1837. Entered Dartmouth College, 1848. Graduated 
A. B. 1852 ; A. M. 1855 ; M. D. 1857, also M. D. N. Y. Medi- 
cal College, 1857. Settled in practice at St. Johnsbury, Vt., 
June, 1857. Married Eliza A. DuBois, October 5, 1857. [See 
Historical Discourse, and Remarks, by Dr. Orcutt.] Entered 
Army as surgeon Fifteenth Vermont Volunteers, September, 
1862 ; surgeon board of enrolment Second District Vermont, 
May, 1863, to January, 1865 ; then he removed to Brattleboro, 
Vt., in 1865 ; was made associate professor of practice of medi- 
cine in Dartmouth College, 1868 ; removed to Hanover, Decem- 
ber I, 187 1, and has since been professor of science and 
practice of medicine and dean of the Medical College, trustee of 
Dartmouth College, 189 1 -'94, LL. D. Dartmouth 1894. He 
has two sons. Oilman DuBois, born May, 1864, professor of 
anatomy Dartmouth College, and Edwin Brant, born July, 1866, 
professor astronomy Dartmouth College. 

Dr. Frost is the eminent consulting surgeon of all the region. 
The medical department has made marked progress under him 
as dean. 

His services in difficult cases are rendered much more 
available by the rare conveniencies and competent nursing fur- 
nished in the Mary Hitchcock Hospital. 

Rev. Alfred Porter Putnam, D. D., of Concord, Mass., was 
born in Danvers, Mass., January 10, 1827, and was the son of 
Hon. Elias Putnam and Eunice (Ross) Putnam. When a youth 
he was a clerk in a Danvers bank, of which his father was 




HON. PERKINS BASS. 




PROF. C. P. FROST, M.D., LL.D. 




MRS. ELIZA A. (dU BOIS) FROST. 



135 

president, and afterward was book-keeper of Allen &• Minot's 
wholesale dry goods store in Boston. Subsequently he fitted 
for college at several New England academies, finishing his pre- 
paratory studies at Thetford, Vt., in 1849, and the same year 
entering the freshman class at Dartmouth. In 1850 he entered 
the sophomore class at Brown University and took the degree 
of A. B. there in 1852. In that year, also, he entered the 
Divinity school at Cambridge, completing the usual course of 
theological study there in 1855. Licensed to preach at the 
Boston Association of Ministers, he became the pastor of the 
Mt. Pleasant Congregational church (Unitarian), in Roxbury, 
Mass., in December, 1855, and continued in that relation until 
1864, when he accepted a call to be the minister of the " Church 
of the Savior," or First Unitarian church of Brooklyn, N. V. 
In 1886 he resigned this position in consequence of ill health, 
and removed to Concord, Mass., where he and his family have 
since resided. Regaining his strength he has from that time 
preached and lectured here and there and engaged in literary 
pursuits. 

He married, January 10, 1856, Miss Louise Proctor Preston, 
daughter of Mr. Samuel Preston of Danvers. She died in i860, 
and in 1865 he married, for his second wife, Miss Eliza King 
Buttrick, daughter of Ephraim Buttrick, Esq., of Cambridge, 
long a prominent member of the Middlesex bar, and by her has 
five children. In i862-'63, he took an extensive tour abroad, 
visiting most of the European countries, ascending the Nile and 
journeying through the Sinai and Edom regions to Palestine, and 
thence to Smyrna, Ephesus, and Constantinople. In 1883 he 
again crossed the Atlantic and spent about six months in Eng- 
land and France and along the Riviera. In 187 1 he received 
the degree of D. D., from his Alma Mater, Brown University. 
He is president of the Danvers Historical Society, having been 
elected at the time of its organization in 1889. He is also an 
associate or honorary member of various other well-known kindred 
institutions. In 1875 he published his ''Singers and Songs of 
the Liberal Faith," and has since given to the press several 
other books which he has written or edited. He has also con- 
tributed to other works, or issued in pamphlet or magazine form, 
many sermons, addresses, and biographical sketches, and arti- 
cles besides. He has also written much for religious and secu- 
lar papers, and has given lectures at Tufts college and at the 
Meadville (Pa.) Theological school, on the Ethnic Religions, 
Hymnology, Bible History, and Modern Archaeological Discov- 
eries in the East, and has now about ready for the press the life 
of General Porter, of Revolutionary fame. 



136 

Rev. Homer S. Newcomb writes from Patterson, N. Y.: 
"Thetford days" have with me become somewhat "old." It 
is now nearly forty-five years since I left the Academy. Yet,, 
notwithstanding the lapse of years, those days are vivid in my 
memory, and I can with you pronounce them good. They are 
vivid in my memory and in my estimation good because they 
were connected with my early struggle to obtain an education. 
I was a motherless boy, and was expecting to be " bound out " 
to a farmer living about four miles from Thetford Hill. I was 
to have the privilege of attending the district school winters^ 
and when twenty-one years old was to receive one hundred and 
twenty-five dollars, and two suits of clothes. The writings 
were not drawn, but I had entered on the term of service on 
trial, and was attending school the first winter. The teacher 
was a Mr. Niles from Thetford Academy. Among other studies, 
he put me in "Greenleaf's National Arithmetic." I commenced 
it with the determination to ask as little help as possible. Dur- 
ing the winter I finished it, having received help on three prob- 
lems. Many a solution, after days of study, came to me on my 
bed at night. Near the close of the school Mr. Niles was quite 
urgent that I should attend Thetford Academy. He put the 
thought into my mind, and the thought grew into a desire. 
After working on the farm the next season the farmer allowed 
me to attend the Academy one term of eleven weeks to satisfy 
me. But it did not satisfy me. The principal was Hiram 
Orcutt. How well I remember him ! He put another thought 
into my mind — it was Dartmouth College. So I was not 
" bound out," but, forfeiting the value of my labor on the farm, 
I became interested in Virgil, Cicero, and Sallust, and Xene- 
phon's Anabasis, teaching one winter in Vershire Centre. I 
attended the Academy in all four terms of eleven weeks each. 
So in the summer of 1848, before the close of the term in the 
Academy, two other students, E. J. A. and B. M. R. and myself, 
set out on foot for Hanover, ten miles below, to apply for ad- 
mission to Dartmouth College. For me it was a bold under- 
taking, for I had not six cents in the world and owed eighteen 
dollars for board. We passed examination, and the closing 
words of Professor Haddock, 'Young gentlemen, you are ad- 
mitted to college,' were cheering. On the strength of these 
words we returned the same day on foot, and the next day I 
began a term of haying and harvesting for six weeks, that I 
might pay my board bill and pursue my studies in Hanover 
instead of Thetford. Rejoicing that Thetford continues to be 
as a ' city set on a hill ' and ' cannot be hid,' I remain." 



137 

Orlando C. Blackmer, of Chicago, writes, — 

" 1 have a very warm feeling for Thetford Hill. I found my^ 
first wife there, and I never should have gone to college if it 
had not been for Hiram Orcutt. His chapel talks were on the 
highest plane of Christian morals, clothed in terse and vigorous 
English, and his whole life was, and is, a blazing fire-brand of 
enthusiasm. 

" I went to Thetford in the spring of 1847, ^^i^h three com- 
panions, B. M. Reynolds, Geo. S. Young, and A. C. Latham, 
who had attended Royalton academy with me the fall before. 
We roomed together on the first floor of Abijah Howard's law 
office, and boarded ourselves. We ate crackers and milk, 
varied by an occas^nal johnny-cake, mixed up with cold water 
and salt, and baked in an old Franklin stove. What leather 
stomachs those Vermont farmer boys did have ! 

" It would take too long for me to tell of all the things I 
remember about the school, — the pleasant Professor Whitte- 
more ; the scholarly Roger Howard ; the tall and Roman-look- 
ing Dr. Worcester, who burned iodine on the stove to illustrate 
a point in chemistry; the mild and womanly Sarah Orcutt, the 
preceptress; and many other teachers. I remember Professor 
Stinson very well. I never heard the Bible read as he used to 
read it at prayers. I thought if I could only attain to his clear 
enunciation, perfect emphasis and inflection, and had his won- 
derful voice, I could easily make my fortune as an elocutionist. 

" I remember the various walks that were a feature of our 
school, at which times committees of introduction were chosen, 
M-iiose duty it was to see that the students were paired for the 
occasion. Complaint was sometimes made that the members 
of this introducing committee were careful to pick out the best 
girls beforehand for themselves. I cannot answer for the com- 
mittee as a whole, but I know that the accusation was true in 
one instance at least. The Kimball Union teachers and pupils 
were horrified at the freedom which the Thetford students 
enjoyed, and prophesied all manner of evil results. But none 
ever came. The fact was, Hiram put all the students on their 
honor as to conduct, and only in rare cases was his confidence 
betrayed. 

" The school, as a whole, was very free from any narrowness 
and bigotry, and Hiram Orcutt always strove to bring each 
student up to his own high ideal of independent Christian 
character. The moral and religious power of the school was 
tremendous. Bad young men could hardly breathe in its puri- 
fied atmosphere. 

" Concerning myself, since leaving the Hill in the winter of 



138 

i849» there is not much to be said. I graduated at Williams 
college in 1853, and went directly to Charleston, 111., to teach. 
In 1854, I married Ellen E. Dow, of Hanover, N. H., by whom 
I had one son. I taught the first public school in St. Charles, 
111., in i855-'56, and helped organize the first graded schools 
in Rockford, 111., in 1857. In this last city, in i860, I married 
my second wife, Emily C. Wingate, my first wife having died in 
1856. I have two sons by my second wife. 

" My three sons graduated at Williams College, and are 
worthy young men. 

" In 1859 I c^uit teaching, and a few years later commenced 
the business of publishing school records and registers under 
the firm name of Adams & Blackmer. Xhis firm was after- 
wards changed to the Adams, Blackmer & Lyon Publishing Co., 
and was widely known as the introducers of the famous Inter- 
national Sunday-School Lessons, under the able editorship of 
such men as Bishop Vincent, Edward Eggleston, B. F. Jacobs, 
and M. C. Hazard. 

" I am at present in business with my two youngei sons, 
under the name of Blackmer Brothers &: Co. 

" I am a life member of the Spelling Reform Association, and 
believe most heartily in its principles. I am one of the workers 
on the 'Standard Dictionary,' now being published by Funk & 
Wagnalls Co., in which the 'Scientific Fonetic Alfabet ' is 
used as the pronouncing key. This last I consider the most 
important work of my life. The irregular spelling of our lan- 
guage is a great hindrance to its acquisition by natives and 
foreigners, and is the chief obstacle to its becoming the much- 
talked-of world language. The spelling reform movement is in 
the hands of scholarly and judicious men, and should receive 
the hearty support of all the old Thetford students. 

" Regretting that I cannot be present to look into the faces 
of the old teachers and students, and to take them by the hand, 
I am, etc." 

Hon. Horace Weston Thompson of Bellows Falls was born in 
Springfield, Vt., March 3, 1834, where his boyhood was spent 
on his father's farm. He entered Thetford Academy as a 
student in the fall term of 1854, and roomed at the "Morse 
boarding house," having for a roommate, Henry M. Hall, who 
afterwards became a surgeon in the U. S. Army. 

In the winter of i854-'55 he left the academy and taught school 

Note. As several of these biographical sketches have failed to mention the con- 
nection of the student with Thetford Academy, in fitting for college or for business, 
we will here say, all were so connected. — Ed. 




HORACE WESTON THOMPSON. 



139 

in Norwich, Vt., in the " New Boston District." He returned 
to Thetford Academy in the spring of 1855, and roomed at the 
south end of the village, in a building now torn down, having for 
a roommate, Harvey Chamberlain, who afterwards lived in Texas, 
and there became a large stock raiser and land owner. Leaving 
school at the end of the spring term of 1855, he spent several 
years as a clerk in Boston, Mass., and returned to Springfield, 
Vt., where he engaged in trade and manufacturing for several 
years, and afterwards resided in Charlestown, N. H., but finally 
located at Bellows Falls, Vt., in 1875, where he became largely in- 
terested in the manufacture of paper. 

Mr. Thompson was married in 1865 to Georgianna Moseley. 
By this marriage he has two sons who are interested with him 
in the paper business. 

He is greatly respected, and is ever ready to have his share 
in matters of importance to the public. 

General John B. Sanborn of St. Paul, Minn., entered Dart- 
mouth College at the commencement occurring soon after he 
left Thetford in 185 1, and remained there during the fall term of 
that year, and taught school in Dracut, Mass., the following win- 
ter. In the spring of 1852 he entered the law office of Hon. 
Asa Fowler, Concord, N. H., and commenced the study of 
law, and continued there until he was admitted to the bar at 
the July term of the superior court in 1854. He practised in 
Concord, N. H., from that time to November of that year, when 
he went to St. Paul, Minnesota, where he has since resided, and 
been in the constant practice of his profession, except when in 
the service of the state, or of the United States. He has been 
a member of the state house of representatives four years, and 
of the senate five years. He was adjutant-general of the 
state, from the commencement of the War of the Rebellion to 
January i, 1862, when he became colonel of the 4th Regiment 
Minnesota Volunteer Infantry. He was brigadier general U. S. 
Volunteers from August 4, 1863 to February, 1865, and brevet 
major-general of U. S. Volunteers from February, 1865, to June 
I, 1866. He was U. S. commissioner to treat with the Com- 
anches, Kiowas, Cheyennes, Arrapahoes, and Apaches of the 
upper Arkansas in October and November, 1865 ; to the Minne- 
conjou. Sans Arch, Brule, and Ogallalas bands of Sioux, February 
to June, 1867 ; and to treat with all the bands and tribes of Ind- 
dians east of the main range of the Rocky mountains August, 
1867, to October, 1868. This commission was composed of 
General William T. Sherman, General William H. Harney, Gen- 
eral Alfred H. Terry, Senator John B. Henderson, Samuel F. 
Tappan, and General Sanborn. 



140 

In the military service, his commands and brigade fought the 
Battle of luka, and sustained a loss of about six hundred killed 
and wounded out of twenty-two hundred in an hour and ten 
minutes, and held the field. It was engaged in the siege of 
Corinth in the spring of 1862 ; in the Battle of Corinth on the 
3d and 4th of October, 1862 ; in the Yazoo Pass expedition in 
1863 ; and in the battles of Port Gibson, Raymond, Jackson, 
Champion Hill ; and in the assault, siege, and surrender of Vicks- 
burg ; and was designated by General Grant as the command 
that should have the advance of the Federal troops designated 
to march into Vicksburg, July 4, 1863. His commands after 
this were the district of southwest Missouri, from October, 1863, 
to the surrender of the rebel armies, and from that time, the dis- 
trict of the Upper Arkansas, extending from Fort Riley, Kansas, 
to Colorado and New Mexico, and from the Smoky Hill river as 
far south as any of the five tribes carrying on war could be found. 
In addition to the above geographical commands, he commanded 
a division of cavalry in the field during the Price raid in Mis- 
souri in 1864, which resulted in the capture of two general 
ofiicers. Generals Marmaduke and Cabbell, graduates of West 
Point, eight pieces of artillery, and several thousand prisoners 
of war. Also of a division of cavalry in the field in the Upper 
Arkansas, which resulted in the treaty of October, 1865, with all 
the tribes inhabiting that region, whereby the country was open to 
settlement, and the lines of communication between Missouri 
and Colorado and New Mexico, which had been closed for 
nearly three years, were open to travel. In relation to what he 
accomplished in the Indian Territory proper between November, 
1865, and June, 1866, in establishing amicable relations between 
those slave-holding tribes, and their former slaves, much might 
be said. His course, however, resulted speedily in allaying 
the animosity that existed between the slave owners and their 
slaves, when he reached the territory, and of establishing ami- 
cable relations on a basis that has been permanent, and secured 
to the slaves their natural rights in that region from their semi- 
barbarous masters. 

His important efforts in legislation cannot be enumerated, 
but the law has, in the main as he is wont to say, consumed 
his energies and afforded himself and his family a competency. 
He has suffered great affliction — two wives and two children 
have died, and he is now living with his third wife, and has 
four children. 

He hopes the reunion will be a grand success and give the 
academy all the impetus to be desired. 



141 



Rev. C. B. Hulbert, D. D., writes from Zanesville, O. : 
Claim not all the glory of Thetford Hill, you who gathered 
there to crown King Hiram : the absentees assert a share in the 
glad memories which are revived by this anniversary, and that 
spent themselves in loving regard upon our venerable teacher. 
Thetford Academy is a banyan tree whose wide-spreading 
branches, taking a fresh hold of the earth at unnumbered 
points, have filled the land, and traversed the seas, and struck 
into foreign soils. Who can compass the range of influence 
exerted by this old-fashioned academy ? Its reach of power is 
felt when, at this anniversary, is heard the voice of our vener- 
ated instructor issuing the prophetic mandate, — " Bring my sons 
from far, and my daughters from the ends of the earth." All 
honor to the ancient academy ! All honor to Dr. Hiram Orcutt ! 
that the alumni and alumnae are so many and so scattered and 
so harnessed into service as to forbid the possibility of a uni- 
versal rally. What a crown for the old hill if only the living 
could all be there ! What sweet memories of the olden 
time ; what subdued silence at the thought of the many who 
have crossed the river ! 

But could I be present that gala day and had I a place for a 
little speech, without falling a whit behind the rest of you in 
doing direct honor to Hiram Orcutt as the honored guest of 
the occasion, I should struggle hard to accord to him a yet 
higher mdirect homage by connecting his name and fame with 
the glory of the New England academy. Would it be out of 
time and place, then and there, in that venerated presence, to 
speak a word in vindication of that type of instruction with 
which the names of Taylor, Richards, Colby, Wickham, 
Spaulding, and Hiram Orcutt stand forever associated ? I claim 
for the academy, as known in earlier New England history, but 
immensely advanced in its estate and service in modern times, 
not a transient but a permanent place in our American system 
of school training. The aching voids left should the academies 
at Andover, Exeter, Quincy, Groton, Meriden, and at other 
points, be blotted out, suggest the worth, in the popular esti- 
mate, of the academy. The "vox populi" here is the "vox dei." 
The academy has come to stay. It is to be an integral part of 
the school system, and not in New England only, but in the 
whole country. Counting out the ecclesiastical schools, we may 
say that there are three forms of institution which may seem to 
supersede the old-time academy ; first, the private school ; 
secondly, the graded school, and thirdly, the college preparatory 
organic with the college or university. Without a word of 
depreciation, we acknowledge the necessity and value of these 



142 

institutions. This, however, we claim, that at their best estate, 
they cannot supersede the academy ; it supplies needs they can- 
not reach. Space forbids more than a mere enumeration of the 
reasons for this affirmation. 

First. The academy is needed on the ground of convenience 
often and inexpensiveness. Thetford Academy, in its service 
for the surrounding towns, illustrates the fact here affirmed. 

Second. Students in rural towns, where graded schools are 
impracticable, feel a natural repugnance to going to large 
graded schools at commercial centres, where local patronage 
gives character to the school and forms P esprit de I ^ecole. They 
prefer a school where the local attendance is engrossed in the 
foreign, and asserts no domination. 

Third. Young people from rural towns encounter less moral 
peril in going to an academy than in going to a graded school 
at a business center. 

Four. The advantages at an academy are superior to those 
of the graded schools to students from rural towns who nat- 
urally attend it. 

Five. The spirit of the academy is classical beyond that of 
any other form of preparatory schools. 

For these reasons, not to name others, the conviction is firm 
in my mind that the academy meets a need unreached by any 
other form of school ; I go further, and say, that a million dol- 
lars expended on New England academies, would, in my opin- 
ion, do more good than five times that sum given to her col- 
leges. One hundred thousand dollars given to Thetford Acad- 
emy would be an indirect gift to Dartmouth, greater than itself,, 
and of incalculable value to Central Vermont. 

Rev. Calvin Butler Hulbert, D. D., Zanesville, O., son of 
Calvin B. and Charlotte (Munsell) Hulbert, was born at East 
Sheldon, Vt., October, 1827. He finished fitting for college at 
Thetford, under Dr. Orcutt, and graduated at Dartmouth in 
1853. He had taught during his studies, was principal of 
Swanton (Vt.) Academy a year, and then taught in St. Albans 
for two years. He finished his three years course at Andover 
Theological Seminary in 1859 ; was licensed to preach by 
the Derry, N. H., Association ; and was ordained and settled 
over the Congregational church at New Haven, Vt., in 1859. 
Here he found an excellent parish pleasantly situated, where 
his labors were signally blessed, 170 uniting with the church by 
profession in ten years. He resigned in 1869, and in June, 
1870, he was installed over the Congregational church at Bellville 
avenue, Newark, N. J., where he remained a little over two years,. 




Rf.v. C. B. HUI.BERT, D. D. 




Mrs. Mary E. Hulbert. 



143 

when he was recalled to Vermont and installed over the Second 
Congregational church in Bennington, March, 1872. Having 
some years been trustee of Middlebury College he was elected 
to the presidency and inaugurated July 21, 1875. After five 
years of faithful and efiicient service he resigned in 1880. He 
then supplied the First Congregational church in Dover, N. H., 
and was also engaged as collecting agent for his Alma Mater. 
From 1 88 1 to 1887 he acted as pastor of the Congregational church 
at Lyndonville, Vermont. He was employed temporarily in Hart- 
ford, Conn., and New York city, and then for two years and four 
months, till April, 1890, was engaged with the church at East 
Hardwick, Vt., when he moved to Zanesville, O., to comfort 
his greatly bereaved children and hoping also to recover his 
voice, which had been impaired by an attack of the grip. But 
there was comparatively little rest for him as his services were 
constantly called for in pulpits and frequently by the State 
Board of Agriculture in connection with agricultural institutes. 
Besides, for one term, he filled the chair of an absent professor 
in Marietta College. With improved health in September, 
1 89 1, he was installed pastor of the Presbyterian church at 
Adams Mills, O. Resigning this pastorate early in 1895 he re- 
moved to Zanesville. He has been called to deliver addresses 
on many important occasions. More than a dozen of his ser- 
mons have been published. "The Distinctive Idea of Educa- 
tion," published by J. T. Alden, New York city, has had a 
large sale. 

His style and power as a writer have made him a favorite con- 
tributor to various newspapers and journals. 

With a constitution of iron and habits of unremitting industry 
and a consecrated purpose, he has been a man of most abun- 
dant labors. It is understood that he is now engaged upon an im- 
portant work which will in due time be given to the press. 

August 24, 1854, he was married to Mary Elizabeth Wood- 
ward at the home of her relative, Hon. Daniel Hoyt, Sandwich 
Center, N. H. 

She graduated at Thetford under Dr. Orcutt, and has been 
the most efficient promoter of all her husband's labors. She 
was born September 21, 1833, in Batticotta, India. She was 
the daughter of Rev. Henry and Clarissa (Emerson) Woodward. 
Her uncle. Rev. John Emerson, was missionary to the Sandwich 
Islands. Her father graduated at Dartmouth in 18 15. Her 
grandfather was Prof. Bezalleel Woodward, so prominently con- 
nected as teacher and professor with the early history of Dart- 
mouth, and who married Mary, the daughter of President 
Wheelock. 



144 

Dr. and Mrs. Hulbert have been greatly blessed in their 
■children : 

Mary E., born in 1855, finished her studies at Smith, and mar- 
ried Rev. E. E. Rogers, a scholarly preacher and efficient pas- 
tor. They together founded Putnam Academy in Zanesville, 
where she teaches Latin and Greek in addition to her labors in 
the parish and care of her home. 

Henry Woodward, born in 1859, graduated at Middlebury, 
1879 ; spent a year in England under the direction of the 
National Bureau of Education, and prepared its report on Eng- 
lish Rural Schools ; taught at Mechanicsville, and in Middle- 
bury College ; was instructor in the college at Beyrout, Syria ; in 
1888 became professor of political science and history at Mari- 
etta College, O., where he continues, though on leave of absence, 
and discharges the duty of professor in Lane Theological Semi- 
nary. He was ordained by the Athens Presbytery, and has 
preached in many churches with marked acceptance ; he has 
•written extensively for newspapers and magazines; in 1891 he 
was married to Lily L. Pinnio of New Jersey ; they have visited 
Europe. 

Ella Gertrude, born in 1861, and graduated from Smith 
College in 1886; taught in Wheaton College, and for Mr, 
Moody in his Bible Institute in Chicago, and at Northfield, 
Mass., and is now the wife of Rev. Edgar B. Wiley, Summer- 
dale, Illinois. 

Homer Bezalleel was born in 1863, graduated at Dartmouth 
in 1884; studied in Union Thelogical Seminary, New York city; 
when he was selected with two others by the United States 
commissioner of education to supply the demand of the Corean 
government for teachers to organize a school for the royal offi- 
cers in Seoul. His first contract was for two years, his second 
for three years ; meantime, he married Miss May Bell Hanna. 
The reactionary movements, which may be said to have culmina- 
ted in war between Japan and China, began to embarass his educa- 
tional work and he resigned. After a year spent in America he 
and his wife returned to Corea as missionaries. He has already 
published a geography and gazette of the world in the Corean 
language. 

Archer Butler is a member of the class of 1895 in Marrietta 
College. 

Anne Wheelock is a student in Mr. Moody's school at North- 
field, Mass. 

Among Dr. Hulbert's most important services is the founding 
of the academy at New Haven, Vt. 




HON. S. R. BOND. 



145 

Samuel R. Bond graduated at Thetford, 1851, and at Dart- 
mouth in 1855, in the class in which Hon. Nelson Dingley, ex- 
Governor of Maine, Hon, W. A, Fields, chief justice of the 
Supreme Court of Massachusetts, W. S. Ladd, late judge of 
the Supreme Court of Minnesota, and W. H. H. Allen, judge 
of the Supreme Court of New Hampshire, and other men of 
prominence were members. 

Mr. Bond has been a resident of the city of Washington, D. 
C, for nearly a quarter of a century, and is one of the most sub- 
stantial and respected citizens, an able and experienced lawyer 
of the national capital. 

After leaving college he taught in Paris, Tenn., first a year in 
the academy, and then as professor in the Odd Fellows College, 
meantime reading \a.w with Hawkins and McKissick. He was 
admitted to the bar and began the practice of his profession in 
1857. In i860 he went to St. Paul, Minn., practising his pro- 
fession and serving the city as attorney, where he formed a co- 
partnership with Greenleaf Clark, which continued until 1862. 
The same year he became an officer in the military expedition 
which crossed the plains under the order of the Secretary of War, 
authorized by special act of Congress, to discover a new route 
to the gold fields of Idaho, and to protect emigrants on their 
way thither, as well as to test the temper of the Indians. This 
expedition discovered the gold deposits near the present site of 
Helena, Montana ; it promoted the settlement in Pricklypear 
Valley, which subsequently developed itself as Montana City; 
others of the emigrants crossed the mountains and settled at 
what is now Virginia City, Idaho. The expedition went on 
to Wala Wala, Washington territory, and there disbanded, the 
officers returning via San Francisco and the Isthmus, landed in 
New York in January, 1863. Mr. Bond, on reaching Washing- 
ton city, wrote the report of the expedition, as its journalist, 
which was published by the war department. He immediately 
received an appointment in the treasury, where he served two 
years, when he resigned, in the meantime being admitted to the 
bar of the District of Columbia and the Supreme Court. He 
temporarily withdrew from active practice, having been elec- 
ted water registrar of Washington in 1868. After two years he 
resumed his law practice. In 1872, during the territorial gov- 
ernment of the District of Columbia he was elected and served 
one term as member of the Legislative Assembly. He was one 
of the organizers and incorporators of the Belt Line Railroad, 
and acted as its attorney, and for a time as its president. For 
six years he was trustee of the board of All Souls church, and 
two years its president, and several years superintendent of its 
10 



146 

Sunday school. For several years he was president of the 
Associated Charities of the District, and was one of the organ- 
izers, and also president of the Dartmouth Alumni Association, 
and is director of the Columbia Bar Association. Indeed he 
has been active in rendering aid in many ways to the advance- 
ment of all kinds of enterprises calculated to benefit the com- 
munity. He has been counsel in many important cases. He 
carried through the courts the case which secured the decision 
that announced the rights of colored people in cars entering the 
city of Washington. In 1864 he was married to Mary A. Hunt, 
daughter of Dr. Ebenezer Hunt of Danvers, Mass., whose 
father, Israel Hunt, was a Revolutionary soldier. He has trav- 
elled extensively, having made three trips to Europe. He is an 
able advocate, a careful student, and a forcible and interesting 
speaker. His biography will be found in detail in the volume 
entitled "The Eminent Men of the District of Columbia and 
Virginia." He is a much respected member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity and an honor to the academy and college where he was 
educated. 

Prof. Edward Conant, Ph. D., was born in Pomfret, Vt.; fitted 
for college in Thetford Academy, and entered Dartmouth in 
1852. Since 1856 he has lived in Vermont, and has devoted 
himself to teaching, save from 1874 to 1880, when he was State 
Superintendent of Schools. He has taught in Royalton Acad- 
emy, Burlington High school. Orange County Grammar School, 
and Randolph and Johnson Normal schools. His work began in 
Orange County Grammar school, which he advanced to the posi- 
tion of State Normal school. He has published " Conant's Ver- 
mont Drill Book" in the elements of the English language which 
is now in its fourth edition. His labors as an educator, both as 
principal of Normal school and as State Superintendent, have 
been heartily commended by the most eminent educators ; and 
few, if any, have more deeply impressed the education of the 
state, than Professor Conant. 

Hon. Solon K. Berry, well known to the students of 1848 and 
'50, has since been a resident of Thetford, and is best known 
to the public for his efficient service in the office of sheriff. 
He was a soldier in the 15th Vermont Regiment, and made a 
good record, and is now a trustee of the Academy. 

Jonathan Marshall graduated at Dartmouth 1854; taught 
successfully in Lowell, Mass., became specially interested in the 
science of meteorology, but turned his attention to law, and 



,^*% 42^ 




PROF. EDWARD CONANT. 




H. P. MONTGOMERY. 



147 

located at 247 Broadway, New York, where he has since 
remained, winning to himself a profitable clientage by his 
industry and fidelity, and the hearty esteem of a large social 
circle by his Christian activity and character. 

Rev. J. M. Chamberlain, Grinnell, Iowa, remembered as one of 
the most solid men among the students at Thetford, was born 
at West Brookfield, Mass., October 2, 1825 ; was the son of Eli 
and Achsah (Forbes) Chamberlain. He graduated at Dart- 
mouth in 1855, and Andover in 1858, and was ordained an 
evangelist at Des Moines, Iowa, December 14, 1859, and was 
installed pastor of the Congregational church there in i860. 
He has for a long time been a faithful and efficient librarian of 
Iowa College. His noble Christian character has been recog- 
nized in every form of service which he has been called upon to 
render, and his heart goes back to Thetford in hearty, grateful 
appreciation. 

Rev. Geo. W. Gardner, D. D., of New London, N. H., son 
of Samuel and Sophia Greely Gardner, was born Promfret, Vt., 
October 8, 1828 ; graduated at Dartmouth in 1853, and became 
Principal of the Academy at New London, N. H., which greatly 
prospered under him ; was a successful pastor at Charlestown, 
Mass., was secretary of one of the leading boards of the 
Baptist Church, and later president of the Baptist College in 
Iowa, where his health failed. He married Celia L. Hubbard, 
Windsor, Vt., 28th of November, 1852. In spite of his ill 
health, he has continued to preach with acceptance. He cher- 
ished happy, grateful memories of the old academy. (He died, 
New London, N. H., April 27, 1895). 

Prof. H. P. Montgomery, Supervisor Public Schools, Wash- 
ington, D. C, was born in Mississippi, lived for a time in Lou- 
isiana, and came North with Dr. Gillett. After leaving Thetford 
he graduated at the Randolph Normal school in '76. Having 
taught successfully in Vermont, he was called to the principal- 
ship of a school in Washington, D. C, and in 1882 became 
and still continues supervisor of 48 schools containing nearly 
4,000 pupils. He has, during his summer vacations, con- 
ducted in the South nearly a dozen institutes. He has won 
the approval of the most distinguished educators. He has been 
one of the leaders in establishing the Douglass Memorial Indus- 
trial school at Manassas, Va. He is a brother of W. S. Mont- 
gomery, a graduate of Dartmouth College, and also a supervisor 
of Washington schools. 



148 

Hon. Halsey J. Boardman, attorney and capitalist, Boston, 
Mass., son of Nathaniel and Sarah (Hunt) Boardman, of Norwich, 
Vt., was born May 19, 1834. He attended the public schools of 
his native town, graduated from Thetford Academy in 1854, and 
from Dartmouth College in 1858. He taught the high school 
in Leominster, Mass., one year, studying law at the same time. 

He finished his study of law in Boston, and was admitted to 
the Suffolk bar in i860, and commenced practice there as one 
of the firm of Boardman & Blodgett. Mr. Blodgett became 
judge in the superior court, and Mr. Boardman is now in prac- 
tice alone. His business and legal talents have made him 
influential in many directions. From 1862 to 1864, he was com- 
missioner of the board of enrollment for the fourth congress- 
ional district of Massachusetts ; chairman of the Republican 
ward and city committee of Boston in 1874; member and 
president of the common council in 1875 ; Republican candi- 
date for mayor in the same year ; representative in the state 
legislature from 1883 to 1885 ; member and president of the 
state senate in 1887 and 1888. He is president of the Duluth 
&: Winnipeg Railroad Company and a director of several other 
railroad corporations. He is also president of the Evans Coal 
Company of Pennsylvania, president of Commercial Mining Com- 
pany of Colorado, and director of the Boston Marine Insurance 
Company. 

He was married in 1862 to Miss Georgia M. Hinman of 
Boston. They have two daughters. 

Hon. Frederick Bates, Titusville, Penn., graduated at Thet- 
ford, 185 1, Dartmouth, 1855, and in the fall of that year became 
principal of Bidd County Academy, Macon, Georgia. In 1857 
he accepted a position in the branch of the Marine bank of 
Georgia, and in 1859, married Caroline Sturtevant, of Hartland, 
Vt., and, as he supposed, settled permanently in Macon, Ga. 
His first child was born at Macon, February 16, 1861, the same 
day that Jefferson Davis was inaugurated president of the Con- 
federacy at Montgomery. He declined to call his son Jeff, but 
named him Carroll Lund, after his classmate at Thetford, and 
classmate and roommate at Dartmouth. 

In 1862, every able-bodied man was conscripted and marched 
to the front to fill up the ranks of the Rebel army, those who 
could manufacture twenty bushels of salt a day being exempted. 
Mr. Bates, with three other Yankees, went to the coast of Flori- 
da, where the natives made salt by boiling salt water in small 
sugar kettles hung on a pole, formed a company, and put up 
extensive works. Planters came one hundred and fifty miles to 
get salt which was sold as high as $14 per bushel. 




HON. HALSEY J. BOARDMAN. 




HON. FREDERICK HATES. 



149 

Under the Confederate Substitute law of 1863, Mr. Bates fur- 
nished a substitute, and then returned to Macon, and took 
charge of a warehouse belonging to his company ; but in July, 
1863, Jeff Davis wrote to the governors that there were 170,000 
substitutes in the army, and urged that all those who furnished 
substitutes be called out for state service. Governor Brown of 
Georgia responded with his state order, mustering all substitutes 
in his state's service, which, Mr. Bates saw, meant Bragg's army, 
and its subsequent bloody battles. He, not feeling equal to the 
task, as he observed, on the 23d of July, 1863, secured a pass 
from the mayor of Macon to go to Rome, Ga., for the benefit of 
his health. Here he and the hotel keeper apparently were the 
only men in citizen's dress, so full was the town of soldiers. 
The provost marshal passed him and his family down Coosa 
river to Cedar Bluff, and gave them a letter to the hotel keeper, 
asking him to protect them from Yankee raids. In Alabama 
the Georgia conscription could not reach him, and he delayed 
for a time as a summer boarder, became acquainted with a 
blockade runner, bringing goods successfully from Nashville to 
the Bluff, a native of the state of New York. A plan was 
devised for reaching Nashville. Obtaining an outfit of a horse, 
mule, and express wagon, the citizens understood him to start 
south, but suddenly changing his mind he turned north to Gut- 
tersville, Ala., which was picketed by Forest's cavalry. He 
finally crossed the river at Courtland, Ala., and stopping over 
night with a planter near, encountered many soldiers paroled at 
Vicksburg, going home, as they declared, to stay. Three weeks 
had already been occupied, but many stirring incidents occurred 
before they reached the Union lines through the long interven- 
ing distance. One night they were halted, and taken into an open 
field by rebel guerrillas. The leader held a lighted candle to 
look the group over. While he was doing so he recognized Mr. 
Bates as a Master Mason and that saved him. He was cordially 
received by the Union pickets near Franklin, and there saw the 
Stars and Stripes waving over him for the first time in two years. 

After visiting friends, he selected Titusville as the place to 
begin life anew. In 1863, Titusville was booming as a town 
of strangers and adventurers. Mr. Bates threw himself whole- 
souled into its interests, and has had much to do with its devel- 
opment in many ways. In 1870 and 187 1 he was mayor; in 
1872, member of the House of Representatives at Harrisburg 
for the purpose of securing legislation for the improvement of 
the city, and the erection of school houses; in 1872 he was 
elected member of the school board, was member for seventeen 
years, and president for fourteen years. 



150 

His oldest son, Carroll, graduated at Hamilton College, and is 
an Episcopal clergyman at Wilkinsburg, Penn. 

His second son was educated at I.ehigh University, and is now 
with a Standard Oil Company, at Oil City. 

His daughter, Harriet E., graduated at the Titusville High 
school, and is now teaching in the city schools. 

His third son, Croyton H., graduated at the High school in 
June, and is now engaged with a Standard Oil Company. 

Mr. Bates's principal business is insurance. 

Rev. A. J. Pike, of Sauk Centre, Minn., who furnished the hymn 
sung at the close of the exercises, was a son of Benjamin and 
Huldah Dormant Pike. He was born at Topsfield, Mass., 7th 
of March, 1828. He graduated at Dartmouth in 1855, and 
studied for the ministry, and has been actively and usefully en- 
gaged in Vermont, Connecticut, Dakota, and Minnesota. He 
spent a year in England working for missions in Africa. He 
married Eliza Bronnel Perkins, of Topsfield, Mass., 3d of 
October, i860. His brother. Rev. G. D. Pike, D.D., also a 
student at Thetford, taught some years, and since, noted for 
his labors as Secretary of the A. M. A in behalf of the Freedmen, 
was well known in Europe and America in connection with the 
jubilee singers in their raising money for Fisk University. 

W. H. Cummings, A. M., principal of K. U. A., Meriden, N. 
H., graduated at Dartmouth in 1879. He is both a born and 
made teacher, as is" indicated by his success at Thetford and 
especially in his present difficult task of restoring the Academy 
of Meriden to its ancient renown. 

Rev. A. B. Palmer, Saratoga, Cal., had interesting experience 
as a devoted teacher in Cleveland and Toledo, Ohio, until his 
health broke down. Having regained his health and studied 
theology, he entered upon the ministry and has been so engaged 
in New England and California. 

Rev, Wm. R. Joyslin, Centreville, Barnstable county, Mass., 
son of Royal and Julia Barnard Joyslin, was born at Lancaster, 
N. H., nth of September, 1833; graduated at Dartmouth 1856. 
He read law at Lancaster, then studied divinity at Andover, and 
preached in New Hampshire, Vermont, and Oregon ; married 
first January, 1863, Emma Francis, daughter of the Hon. Amos 
Abbott, of Massachusetts. He recalls the many men and women 
who have gone out from Thetford to do battle in this age of prog- 
ress. He would revive the memories and scenes, and gather 
from the past inspiration for the future triumphs of the Academy. 




W. H. CUMMINGS, A.M. 




HON. BARTLETT SARGENT. 



151 

George H. Andrews, Esq., a successful business man, writes 
from Minneapolis, Minn., of his pleasant memories of Thetford, 
sadly recalling the death of his brother, Thomas F. Andrews, 
who was also a student at Thetford, and was one of the 
prominent pioneers of Minneapolis. His children are students 
or graduates of the State University. 

Miss Eliza Jane Andrews writes as Mrs. Wm. H. Dole. Mr. 
Dole was for many years a railroad officer. They now reside in 
Melrose, Mass., and she is one of the most active ladies in scien- 
tific and literary matters. She has spent a year abroad with her 
sister, Miss Hattie N. Andrews, the artist. Her son who fitted 
for Harvard, trouble with his eyes having compelled him to 
forego study, is now one of the firm of J. A. Andrews & Co., a 
leading business house in Boston. She has delightful memories 
of Thetford, and trusts its great usefulness is to be renewed and 
continued. 

Miss Jennie Howard, a native of Orford, N. H., became Mrs. 
Corliss, and has since resided in Cincinnati. She remembers 
with special interest her period of study at Thetford. Her 
daughter, with her, is a successful teacher in Dr. Bartholemew's 
select school, and her son holds a confidential position in an 
insurance office in Chicago. 

John Marshall Eaton, M. D., Milford, Mass., son of Dr. J. S. 
and Harriet Eaton, was born in Bristol, N. H., 12th of May, 
1832 ; graduated in medicine at Harvard in 1856 ; served as 
assistant surgeon in the War of the Rebellion, He is a surgeon 
of marked skill, and a highly esteemed physician, and has been 
state medical examiner. He married October 27, 1858, at 
Waltham, Mary Weatherby. She is a lady of marked strength 
and excellence. 

Hon. Bartlet Sargent of Norwich, a son of Daniel and Lodisa 
Sargent, was born February 27, 1835, ^^ Norwich, Vt. While 
attending the district school in his own town, his teachers, 
among whom were the late Lieutenant-Governor Hinckly, and 
Mr. Horace W. Thompson of Bellows Falls, induced him, in 
1854, to enter Thetford Academy, from which he graduated in 
the classical course in 1858 under Mr. Gilbert E. Hood's princi- 
palship. 

He did not pursue a professional course of study. Believing 
that the educated farmer and manufacturer also occupy an 
honorable and useful position in society, he returned to the old 



152 

homestead and settled down to make himself a useful citizen. 
He taught school in his own and neighboring towns several 
terms, but most of the time, for twenty-five years, has held 
some responsible town office, selectman, overseer and lister, 
appraiser of real estate, town agent, auditor, justice of the peace, 
representative to the general court. For many years he has 
been treasurer of a local agricultural society, and he is now the 
clerk of the board of school directors. All these positions he 
has filled with credit to himself and satisfaction to his fellow 
citizens. 

Mr. Sargent married Miss Dora S. Ilsly in 1867, and four 
interesting children, one son and three daughters, have blessed 
their home. 

Mr. Sargent is proud to remember that Sargent and Bursing 
(a fellow student) in 1859, planted a tree on Thetford Hill in 
place of his class-tree that had died, which is now a towering 
and beautiful elm in front of Judge Short's office. 

Hon. William E. Barnard, 483 9th St., Oakland, Cal., 
exclaims, " What thronging memories rush in upon us when we 
think of Thetford Hill, and our experiences there forty years 

He graduated at Dartmouth in 1856, was principal of 
Peacham Academy two years, and went to Oregon in the fall of 
1858, where he spent the winter in trade with a brother. The 
following spring he took charge of the Academy at Dallas. 
October, i860, he was married to Miss M. P. Clark, of Hanover, 
N. H., who had been associated with him as teacher at 
Peacham. In 1S61 he was chosen professor of mathematics in 
Willamette University, at Salem, Oregon. In 1863 he accepted 
the presidency of the University of Washington, at Seattle. 
In 1865 he was appointed deputy collector of customs for the 
Puget Sound District. In 1869 he resigned and moved to 
Ventura, So. Cal., where he was engaged in the lumber business 
with a brother. The next year he started a new town eight 
miles from Ventura, and there began trade in lumber and gen- 
eral merchandise. The town was located on what was sup- 
posed to be government land, but which was afterwards claimed 
as a part of Ala Colonia Ranch, and after a long controversy 
was so patented. For four years he was engaged in the real 
estate business in Santa Barbara. In 1S79 ^^^ moved to Oak- 
land, where he has since resided and been engaged in the real 
estate and insurance business. 

He has been called upon to bear his part in various responsi- 
bilities, and is now a member of the city council. He has 




HERBERT H. BARNES. 



153 

always been active in church work, and whether engaged in 
business or education, he has been the same generous, noble- 
hearted man that he was in his school days at Thetford. 

He has four children, two sons and two daughters. His old- 
est son, for ten years married, is cashier in a commission house 
in San Francisco. His youngest son is associated with his 
father in business. His oldest daughter is married after having 
been a successful teacher of kindergarten ; his youngest has a 
training class for kindergarten teachers besides a class for 
mothers. 

Herbert H. Barnes, Esq., manager of the Hotel Brunswick, 
Boston, one of the exclusive hotels in New England, is 
a natural hotel keeper, having spent half his life in the busi- 
ness. He was born in Lyme, N. H., Aug. 29, 1853. His fa- 
ther and grandfather were hotel keepers. His father, Hiram 
Barnes, kept a famous tavern in East Lebanon. 

Mr. Barnes received his schooling in his native town, and at 
sixteen started out on his own account, as a dry-goods clerk, 
and later was in Lebanon, and in Boston. At twenty-one he 
was given the responsible place of private bookkeeper in the 
United States Hotel, in which Mr. Amos Barnes, his uncle, was 
the senior proprietor. In 1879, Mr. Barnes was clerk at the 
Oceanic House, Isles of Shoals. At the end of the season, 
his fortunes were united with those of the Hotel Brunswick. 
Although to the manor born as a hotel manager, faithful appli- 
cation has done more for him than inherited tendencies. He 
has won his way by steady application to business, and fidelity 
to his employers, combined with tact in dealing with those un- 
der his charge as well as with guests. He has an honest and 
manly way of making friends in many circles, and a happy fac- 
ulty of retaining them. He has an excellent memory, and a 
happy manner of dealing with all who come in contact with 
him. He is tall, erect in figure, of dark complexion, hazel eyes, 
clear cut features, a finely-shaped head, and his bearing is al- 
ways modest, unassuming, and dignified. 

He is unmarried. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, 
Boston Art Club, and of the Society of Arts of the Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology, and for a time was a member of 
the Algonquin Club. 

Charles K. Ainsworth is vice-president of an extensive lum- 
ber and wooden ware manufacturing company at Moline, 111., 
and remembers Mr. Orcutt with much affection and esteem. 



154 

Royal W. Aldrich, Amherst, Mass., a more recent student, 
winning his way, has been farmer, and shipping clerk, and hopes 
to send a student to Thetford. 

Col. Samuel K Adams, Minneapolis, Minn., entered Dart- 
mouth in 185 1, and went West in 1855 ; in 1857 he was elected 
state senator and re-elected in 1859, then was special agent of 
the postoffice department for Iowa and Minnesota. In i860 he 
was receiver of public moneys and in 1862 he became paymaster 
in the army and retired in 1866, brevetted lieutenant-colonel. 
He has been Master of the State Grange for ten years and of 
the National Grange two years. He has been active in educa- 
tional and agricultural affairs, was State Commissioner to the 
New Orleans International exhibition, and is a thirty-third degree 
Master Mason. 

C. R. Hazen, Dunlara, Fla., who refers to the many pleasant 
and profitable days on the Hill, was engaged in ship building but 
entered a Massachusetts regiment in the late war. He was 
spared through skirmishes and battles, save that he was wound- 
ed in the side at Antietam and suffered a sunstroke on the march. 
He is now in the land of flowers. 

Hon. H. M. Jewett, Everett, Mass., refers to the warm place 
the old school and its associations have in his heart and adds 
that when U. S. Consul at Sivas, Asia Minor, on a visit to Caes- 
area, where there is a flourishing station of the A. B. C. F. M., the 
notes of the chapel bell led him to remark half musingly, "that 
sounds like the old academy bell in Thetford!" "Why, do you 
know Thetford?" asked one of the lady teachers. " Yes, I was a 
student there." " So was I," she exclaimed, and it turned out 
that they were there at the same time under Mr. Turner, and 
boarded at the same place, and had not seen each other since, 
until they met in the heart of Asia Minor. 

William B. Leach, Minneapolis, Minn., recalling fond memo- 
ries sends sincerest greetings. 

Mrs. Sarah C. Littlefield, New London, N. H., for four years 
principal of the High school at Haverhill, Mass., names with 
interest her associates on the Hill ; has a son in Colby Acade- 
my, and a daughter in the Woman's Medical College, Philadel- 
phia. 



155 

Mrs. Jefifry Martin, Clinton, Iowa, nk Sarah Fitch, of North 
Thetford, recalls with gratitude her teachers, Messrs. Chase and 
Turner. 

Mrs. E. De Costa McKay, nee Susan White, New York city, 
writes with enthusiastic interest. 

Etta F. Morse, 68 Warrenton St., Boston, writes of her strong 
and lasting attachment to the old Academy, and her continued 
interest in its welfare. 

Wilson Palmer, editor, Jamaica, L. I., A. B. at Dartmouth, 
recalls affectionately his teachers, G. E. Hood and H. B. Wood- 
worth, and their lady assistants. He adds, "God bless Thetford 
Academy, and may her prosperity be renewed." 

Mrs. Esther R. Smith Parsons, 36 Tompkins Place, Brooklyn, 
N. Y., daughter of Col. Ashbel Smith, in the spring of 1846 
became one of the teachers at the opening of the Brooklyn 
Female Academy, now Packer Collegiate Institute, where she 
remained four years, when she married Charles H. Parsons. 
Three sons took the course at the Polytechnic Institute, and 
two the A. B. at Amherst. One is a lawyer in New York city, 
and the other is professor in Colorado College. 

Addison Palmer, Worcester, Mass., recalls the early days of 
King Hiram's reign, emphasizes the influence of his Thetford 
life in shaping his character. He acknowledges that he has 
sometimes been impatient at the slow victory of right over 
wrong, but trusts in the final triumph of principles so long 
taught at Thetford. 

Mary H. Parker, Bishop Place, New Brunswick, N. J., was 
associated with Mr. Turner as teacher in the Academy, and 
later for nine years with Miss Haines in New York city. 

James J. Russ, 161 2 2d St., Chicago, 111., looks back over 
fifty years to his days at the academy as among the pleasantest 
of his life. 

Mrs. Hattie Wilcox Ressegnie, 702 Taylor St., Seattle, Wash., 
much as she rejoices in the grandeur of Mt. Renier and Mt. 
Baker, with their snow-clad summits, cherishes with unfailing 
interest her memories of Thetford Hill. She taught five years, 
then married, went to California and settled on Puget Sound. 



156 

J. E. Herrick, West Peabody, Mass., is very busy as assessor, 
but full of interest in the Academy. 

Mrs. George W. Heath, in spite of a severe injury, writes to 
express her interest in the old school. 

Mrs. Cornelia Lougee Holton, Waterbury, Vt., tells of her 
long-cherished desire for a reunion ; of the death of her first 
husband, Dr. Forster, as a result of his service in the war ; of 
her present happy home near her sister Lottie, also a former 
student, now Mrs. Clark ; and mentions the fact of special 
interest to many, once students, that her mother, now resident 
there, is in her ninety-fourth year, though unable to walk with- 
out assistance, still retains her' mental faculties in a wonderful 
degree. 

Otis E. Heath, Palatka, Fla., full of interest, but cannot be 
spared to attend the reunion. He taught in Vermont, New 
Hampshire, New Jersey and Western New York, spent a year 
in horticulture regaining impaired health, and then went to 
Georgia, spending there eight years before the war and four 
during the war, and then after a visit to old friends in the 
North, located in Eminence, Ky., where his son and daughter 
were educated. The former is now Dr. H. A. Heath, New 
York, and the latter Mrs. Fletcher, Claremont, N. H. He 
rejoices that his children and grandchildren are responsive to 
the same Christian influence which he enjoyed at Thetford. 

C. W. Herbert, Esq., county commissioner, Grafton county, 
Rumney Depot, N. H., sends greeting and expresses his inter- 
est in the building up of the school. He recalls the sad fact 
that he lost his only sister by the bringing of the small-pox 
among the scholars by Miss Nellie White. 

Miss Lucy O. Childs wrote of her desire for the reunion of a 
large number of old friends, and of her best wishes for the 
future of the Academy. 

Mrs. Mary (Heaton) Baldwin, Seattle, Wash., writes of her 
anxiety to join in the reunion. 

Mrs. L. M. (Church) Jieane from Littleton, N. H., writes of 
her teaching and marriage, and of her deep interest in the 
Academy and friends. 



157 

R. E. Bean, postmaster, Franklin, N. H., writes warmly of the 
old Academy, of his teaching, of his hospital service in the 
war, and of his various fortunes since. 

D. C. Bliss, A. B., Dartmouth, 1892, is the successful super- 
intendent of schools at Northville, Mich. 

William Bartlett, Toledo, Ohio, a student years ago, takes 
time to tell of the influence upon him to this day of the princi- 
ples inculcated by Mr. Orcutt. 

N. E. Cutler, Wakefield, Mass., of the firm of Cutler Bros., 
has prospered in business and sees the good influence of Thet- 
ford through all his affairs. He married a sister of a fellow 
student ; has three sons, two in business with him and one in 
the High school. 

C. H. Clement, A. B., Dartmouth, 1872, now a lawyer, San Jose, 
Cal., tells of his experience as teacher, superintendent of 
schools and lawyer, lecturer, of his memory of the Hill, its 
associations, not forgetting the beloved home that gave him 
welcome while there as a student. 

Mrs. Marcia E. (Foster) Cushing, Dunedin, Fla., who declines 
any public mention, but reveals the depths of her affection for 
the old Academy by reference to the fact that her first husband 
was Thaddeus W. Bruce, teacher and theological student, and 
thus recalls to the students of forty years ago one of the most 
sterling and consecrated men, whose death was so great a loss ; 
also touches a sympathetic chord, as she refers to her own 
orphan children and those of her sister, Mrs. Miller, who was 
also a student at the Academy and a teacher. 

Mrs. C. P. Carr, Coaticook, Province of Quebec, Can., 
whose husband was also a student as well as teacher of music, 
rejoices in the training she received from Solon G. Smith, and 
cherishes the precious memories of her other teachers and com- 
panions in student life. 

Mrs. Amelia C. Dewey Coburn, West Stewartstown, N. H., 
unable to use a pen for months in her feebleness is able to say 
no one would prize being present more than she. 

Mrs. Lucy S. Chandler, Guilford, Vt., now a widow in great 
feebleness, writes of her deep interest. She was teacher, then 



158 

wife of a clergyman who lost his health and became editor. She 
rejoices in the support found in the principles inculcated at 
Thetford, and that her three children cherish the same Chris- 
tian principles; one a daughter married in Connecticut, one a 
student in Rose Polytechnic, Terre Haute, Ind., and one now in 
Thetford. 

Hon. George A. Dale, Island Pond, Vt., attorney, is ardent in 
his desire to attend and to aid in any way, 

Charles H. Davis is agent of the Boston & Maine railroad 
at Alton Bay, N. H., and giving due credit to the Academy tells 
of the success he has won. 

Elsie Durkee, Lowell, Mass., recalls affectionately Dr. Orcutt, 
Mr. Hood, Miss Denny, Miss Dubois, and tells of teaching in 
Vermont, New York, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire. 

Charles L. Eastman, Littleton, N. H., has served twelve years 
as a member of the Board of Education ; treasurer nine years ; 
selectman four years, and two of them as chairman, and trustee 
of the public library, and member of the state legislature. 

Lucina H. Frost, Arlington, Mass., says: "To the influence of 
no others do I owe more than to Dr. and Mrs. Orcutt." 

Leonard M. Fitch, West Newton, Mass., eighty-nine years of 
age, nephew of the first preceptor, A. B. at the University of 
Vermont, 1826, studied medicine at Harvard, taught in Virginia 
and the West, and practised dentistry. He recalls vividly the 
scenery and friends. On revisiting the Hill some two years 
since the scenery was then grand and beautiful as ever, but the 
friends of his student days could not be found. 

Mary E. Fuller, East Northfield, Mass., has been a teacher 
and declares her loyalty to the dear old Academy. 

Mrs. Helen Clement Huse, Chicago, 111., tells of her school in 
Brookline, Mass., her studying French in Paris, and German a 
year in Germany, and of her teaching those languages in San 
Francisco, of her marriage to Dr. F. J. Huse, Superintendent of 
the Hospital and Benefit Department of the Southern Pacific 
railroad. 

Alanson Palmer, A. B., at Dartmouth, a long-time successful 



159 

teacher, and connected with the Teachers' Mutual Benefit Asso- 
ciation of New York, sends from 595 Madison street, Brooklyn, 
most hearty greetings. 

Arad N. Porter, attorney, Des Moines, la., writes of varied 
experiences as a teacher in Cincinnati, O.; soldier in the Wilder- 
ness campaign; student at law in Michigan and Iowa; author of 
the Iowa Probate Manual ; three years associate editor of the 
Western jfurist ; three years professor of law in Drake Univer- 
sity, and for five years officer of the Iowa Supreme Court. 

Erastus Young, Minneapolis, Minn., now three score and 
twelve, brother-in-law of Prof. H. B. Woodworth, reports a quiet 
life and rejoices in the glorious record of Thetford Academy. 

Mrs. Martha S. Billings, Vernon Heights, Oakland, Cal., 
■writes that her sister, Mrs. Baldwin, of Washington, was pre- 
vented attending the reunion by the submergence of the rail- 
roads, and sends her warmest greetings to all those who are able 
to attend, and especially to Rev. Edward F. Slafter, D. D., and 
Dr. Orcutt. 

A. D. Bridgman, M. D., writes from Decatur, 111. ; greatly 
regrets that he cannot join in greeting King Hiram and his old 
associates. 

Mrs. Sylvia Folsom Dearborn writes from Chelsea, Vt., with 
deepest interest in the Academy; of her brief experience teach- 
ing, and marriage, and of her four children. Her son has died, 
a daughter married Professor Comstock, principal of Chelsea 
Academy. She has always taught in the Sabbath school and 
her husband was for twenty-three consecutive years its superin- 
tendent. 

Mrs. Cynthia M. Smith, nee Edgerton, in expressing her inter- 
est in the Academy, writes that her husband died early, and 
that her three sons are all honorable men, two having graduated 
at Dartmouth. 

J. B. Tracy, of Milton, Wis., writes of his early going West 
and of the death of his wife. Miss R. Maria Wood, of Lyme, and 
of her sister Augusta, both students in the Academy, and alludes 
to his experience in farming, railroading, banking, and his ser- 
vice as County Superintendent of Schools for Rock county, and 



160 

expresses his hearty gratitude to his teachers, Messrs. Orcutt, 
Hood, and others. 

Georgia Dudley Whipple, regretting her enforced absence, 
expresses her deep interest. 

George H. Bixby, A. B., Dartmouth, 1879, is now principal of 
the graded school, Rochester, Vt. ; was three years principal of 
the High school at Stowe ; remembers his life at Thetford with 
gratitude. 

R. T. Smith, of Nashua, N. H., tells a unique story of special 
interest. He says : " I have not seen the day since I was three 
and one-half years old when I could lift my best foot from the 
ground, or stand without crutches, and I have never been strong 
enough to sustain continuous labor; my work has been from 
necessity more mental than physical." Of his school days, he 
says: "At the beginning of the summer term of 1836 I, a little 
lame boy, was given a seat in the large lower room. I had 
never been in school before. I was not even supposed to know 
how to read. I was in "my eleventh year, very feeble, and just 
beginning to walk with the help of crutches. I had no school 
books, joined no class, had nothing in common with other 
scholars, and could not join in amusements. For four years I 
was found in this same seat, never joining a class but for one 
study and for one term. 

"This may be called a sad record, but it was not. I doubt if 
ever a scholar enjoyed or profited more by four years of school. 
Nothing can give greater emphasis to the character of the teach- 
ing and of the teachers, to the moral and intellectual uplift of 
this school than their results upon one who took no active part 
in the exercises, but who received instruction entirely by absorp- 
tion. Those four years include my entire school life, and at its 
close I was not larger than an ordinary boy of ten years. Sit- 
ting in my desk, I revelled in the beauties of Virgil and other 
classics, both ancient and modern ; waiting for the slow and 
repeated search after words to give a clear translation, gave me 
a sense of the value of words, and of the mechanical nature of 
languages. I became familiar with the entire range of study of 
the school. I learned the theory if not the practice of the 
sciences and became wholly absorbed in natural, intellectual, 
and moral philosophy. Term after term I listened to the ques- 
tions and heard the answers in those wonderful fields until I 
seemed to have thought out every proposition and followed to 
its end every conclusion. In this way I learned to think. 



161 

Treated as a favorite, if a lesson was to be recited in which I 
had special interest in one of the other rooms, I was sure to 
be found curled up in some corner listening with breathless 
attention, were there philosophical experiments to be shown. 
I can see even now Mr. Marsh showing the camera with the 
village green and the boys at play upon it, thrown upon the 
walls of the north upper room while he told us that some day 
those pictures would be caught and retained. ' Boys,' he would 
say, 'some of you may live to have your pictures taken by a 
camera, I do not expect it in my day.' Again when showing 
us the electro-magnet, he told us the subtle current could be 
taken through any length of wire, and the magnet would work 
as we saw it, and he thought the time might come when this 
would be used as a means of distant communication. A grand 
and noble man was Mr. Marsh, and I rejoice that in these 
later years, I could receive him as my guest in my own home 
and I have his likeness taken by a camera, and I would here 
bear testimony to the character and influence of Miss Eliz- 
abeth Tenney, his assistant. I recall her slight figure, her 
gentle, intellectual face, and her abundant auburn curls — a true 
cultured lady. One of the days to be remembered was a clear 
October day given up to the exhibition of a powerful solar 
microscope. As to my after life, built upon the foundation of 
those four years, it was not until I was twenty-seven years of 
age that I thought of such a thing as earning my own living, for 
I came to the requisite strength by slow degrees." For a time 
he painted portraits. The good people of Nashua and neigh- 
boring towns took a kindly interest in him and he opened there 
in 1854 a book and stationery store in a very small way, which 
was a success. His knowledge of drawing aided him in his 
attention to mechanical pursuits, and he became one of the orig- 
inators of the American Shearer Manufacturing Company, and 
had charge of its patents and patent suits ; was for years its 
treasurer, and for a time its president. He has become known 
as an expert mechanical engineer, and has designed and built 
many useful machines. In 1892 he traveled abroad in England 
and on the continent. His cash capital at his start in business 
was $1.34. He had no other moneyed help, but kindness and 
sympathy have followed him all the days of his life. 

John F. Tenney, Federal Point, Fla. Fifty years have not 
marred the vivid distinctness of his memory of Dr. Orcutt. 
He married a Thetford pupil, has wandered north and south, 
settled in Florida before the war, came north in i860, and 
resumed his residence in Florida after the war. He sees great 
11 



162 

chang^es around him, and rejoices in the extension of the prin- 
ciples inculcated in the old Academy. 

Charles N. Thomas, Attleboro' Falls, Mass., recalls specially 
the events of the fall of 1864, and may yet revisit the Acad- 
emy with a sizable endowment in his pocket. 

S. F. Whipple writes from the office of the daily and weekly 
Citizen, Lowell, and recalls with pleasure Thetford Hill and its 
associates, and the advice and help of Principal Chase. 

Lilian S. Wilmot, Olcott, Vt., dwells upon present memories 
of the Academy, of the enjoyment of her work in teaching in 
several states, and of her special interest in oratory. 

Anna L. Wilcox, a teacher of sloyd in the Lyman school, 
Westboro', Mass., tells of her graduation at the Normal school, 
Salem, her teaching in Massachusetts and her graduation from 
the School of Domestic Science and Industrial Arts, Boston. 

Mrs. H. E. Whittemore, nke Denny, writes from Northfield, 
Vt., expressing her deep interest in all that concerns Thetford 
Academy, recalling to the minds of the older students her 
husband, who was so much beloved both as pupil and teacher, 
and would have been specially pleased if her son, Luther D. 
Whittemore, A. B., at Amherst in 1880, now professor of Latin 
in Washburne College, Topeka, Kan., could have joined in the 
reunion and met some of the old friends of his father. 

Esther W. Morey, 13 Methuen St., Lowell, taught for a time 
and then married, and is now grandmother; her oldest son is 
principal of Highland Grammar school. 

Mrs. T. C. Sweat, nee Hester Sargent, Webster, N. H., was a 
member of the last class that graduated under Mr. Hood. 

Mrs. Maria J. French, nee Leonard, now a widow, writes from 
Appleton, Wis., of her deep interest and that of her two chil- 
dren ; her son is a minister, and her daughter is Mrs. E. E. 
Dunn of that city. 

Persis Dana Hewitt, now teacher at St. Johnsbury, whose 
mother, Persis C. Dana, was also a pupil at Thetford, writes of 
her graduation at Mt. Holyoke, and of teaching there and in 
the Morgan High school, Clinton, Ct. 




HON. A. W. TEN'NEY. 



163 

Mrs. Colonel Lowe, 1328 Corcoran St., Washington, D. C, 
formerly Elizabeth Niles of Post Mills, regrets more than she 
can express that she cannot attend the reunion. She is active 
in church work, and has children and grandchildren who rise 
up and call her blessed. 

Amelia S. Morey Kibby, Fairlee, Vt., always cherishes 
pleasant memories of Thetford Academy. 

Hon. Asa W. Tenney, of Brooklyn, N. Y., was born at Dalton, 
N. H., in 1833, within sight of Mount Washington. He spent 
his youth on a farm, having a few months' instruction in the 
district school each year, reading Shakespeare and other classic 
English authors as he could at odd hours. He taught school at 
sixteen, boarding around, fitted for college at Thetford, and 
graduated in the class of '59 at Dartmouth. He entered upon 
the study of law, and was school commissioner of Coos county 
for two years. In 1862, with but five dollars in his pocket, he 
began his successful career in New York, receiving at first a 
salary of only two dollars a week. In 1873, General Grant 
appointed him United States attorney for the southern district 
of New York, successor to General Tracy, afterwards secretary 
of the navy. He was reappointed both by Presidents Hayes 
and Garfield, holding the ofiice for over twelve years, winning 
many cases for the government. As counsel, he secured the 
acquittal of Rev. Dr. Talmage in his famous trial before the 
Brooklyn presbytery. In politics he has always been a Repub- 
lican. Both in law and politics he is noted as an orator. The 
Republican party of Georgia was organized at a convention in 
1867, and created great excitement. Mr. Tenney was recom- 
mended by Horace Greeley as the speaker from the North. 
His speech was highly complimented, and a few days later was 
delivered again at Savannah, where he was protected by one 
hundred and fifty mounted policemen. In the last twenty years 
he has canvassed nearly all the Northern states. In 1880 Gen- 
eral Garfield personally requested him to canvass California, 
and in '84, Mr. Blaine selected him as associate speaker on his 
famous political trip. Mr. Tenney is a favorite on the lecture 
platform. On Decoration Day, May 30, 1894, he was orator at 
the memorial services held at the tomb of General Grant, at 
Riverside Park under the auspices of the Grand Army posts of 
the two cities, Brooklyn and New York. 

The oration was of a high order and was printed in full in 
the leading newspapers in the two cities. Since his retirement 
from public office he has devoted himself to the practice of his 



164 

profession, with his usual energy and untiring industry, and has 
conducted many cases to a successful termination. He is a 
member of various clubs and literary and historical societies, 
and president of the alumni association of Dartmouth College. 
He has travelled extensively in this country and in Europe, and 
has gathered around him rare collections of books and speci- 
mens of art. He is married and resides with his family, 190 
Washington Park, overlooking Fort Greene. 

His sister, Lettie W., also a Thetford student, is now Mrs. 
George C. Butterfield, Columbus, Wis. 

Mr. Tenney is specially fond of defending those exposed to 
injustice. 

Just now he is defending a colored preacher who was roughly 
assailed by a paper in the interior of the state for telling the 
facts about Livingston College, a worthy institution in the South, 
for the education of colored youth. 

Mr. Tenney remembers Dr. Orcutt and his other teachers 
with gratitude, and especially recalls the eloquence and promise 
of his room-mate, now Hon. George H. Dale of Island Pond, 
once state governor. 

Mrs. Gov. Moody Currier of Manchester, N. H., so well 
known to many of the students as Miss Hannah A. Slade of 
Thetford Hill, after leaving the Academy, continued her musi- 
cal studies under the instruction of one of the best masters in 
Boston, and then taught with success for some years in Man- 
chester, N. H., when she married Moody Currier, distinguished 
as a scholar and banker of that city, and who was governor of 
his state '85- '86, Avith whom she has shared his literary and 
scientific pursuits. 

A. W. Freeman, D. S., Chicago, 111., son of J. M. and M. Ann 
Morse Freeman, was born in Brookfield, Vt., 3d of Oct. 1829. 
After graduating at Dartmouth in '54 he taught in Vermont two 
years and in Illinois four years, and became a dentist in 
Chicago, where he since remained, always helpful in the church 
and community, and happy to meet a friend of other days. 

Rev. George B. Patch, D. D., Washington, D. C, writes : 
"All the old students of Thetford Academy must rejoice in the 
movement there started to foster and build up the institution 
and launch it forth on a new career of usefulness." 

His preparatory course at Thetford Academy was completed 
in four terms. During the intervening winter terms he taught 
school, and worked on the farm summers. His father died 




MRS. GOV. MOODY CURRIER. 




REV. GEORGE B. PATCH, D.D. 



165 

when he was seven years of age, and his mother was taken 
away when he was sixteen. The little family, consisting of his 
mother and four children, was broken up soon after the death 
of his father, when he went to live with his uncle, David Wright, 
on the farm. Such a life, however, was not congenial to him, 
and being very fond of books, he resolved to fit himself for col- 
lege. When he started for Thetford Academy he had only ten 
dollars in his pocket, which was his all. His grandmother's 
brother, Mr. Jefferson Coombs, had invited him to his house 
where, during his first term, he received room and board for the 
chores he did about the place. And Mr. Gilbert E. Hood, the 
principal, for the little jobs he could do at the academy and at 
his own house, gave him his tuition and the necessary text- 
books. With this, and with his earnings from work on the farm 
and from teaching, he was enabled to enter college entirely 
free from debt. 

While in college he taught school five terms, and in vacation 
worked on the farm as he had strength and opportunity, and he 
graduated with his class at Dartmouth in 1862, when heinmiediate- 
ly proceeded to Washington, D. C, to take charge of city mission 
work under the auspices of the First Presbyterian church. He 
continued with that church for thirteen years, during the greater 
part of which time, and for several years after, he was engaged 
as a clerk in the treasury department. In brief, while in that 
church he served as missionary, Sunday-school superintendent, 
elder, and studied Exegesis and Hebrew under Dr. Sampson, 
then president of the Columbian University, read theology pri- 
vately, and began preaching. In that interval, also, he was 
married to Miss Elizabeth Walker, of Washington, who has 
been a helpmeet indeed. 

In 1875 ^^ ^^s called to the pastorate of the Eastern Pres- 
byterian church, of Washington, which was organized under his 
ministry. In 1882 he became pastor of the Unity Presbyterian 
church, which was also organized under his ministry and now 
has a membership of three hundred and sixty. This church is 
now known as the Gunton Temple Memorial church, the edifice, 
costing some $70,000, having been erected by a benevolent lady 
and given to the church, she acknowledging that she was influ- 
enced in giving the edifice to this church in part by her respect 
for its worthy and efficient pastor. He fitly says, " Hitherto 
hath the Lord helped me." 

Dr. Rufus Osgood Mason, 348 West 58th street, New York, 
wrote : 

Thanks for your kind thought of me, and for your kind invi- 



166 

tation to be present at your coming graduation exercises and 
reunion. My duties here make it necessary for me to decline 
with sincere regret your kind invitation, but I cannot easily 
resist the further plea to send a " letter in memory of good old 
Thetford days." Those words, "good old Thetford days," 
bring up a host of pleasant memories, and like all memories of 
youthful experiences they are tiiost vii'id when we come to wag 
gray beards. Yes, Thetford Hill, with its magnificent scenery, 
its famous academy, its hospitable people, its troops of students, 
is as distinct to my memory as if Mr. Orcutt had called me up 
in Xenophon last week, or I had just returned from a chowder 
party at Fairlee lake. There were the Babcock family, Judge 
Short, Dr. Worcester, old Father and Mother Frost, — with whom 
I lived, — and Dea. Benjamin Frost and his wife, with their 
lovely family away at the south end of the village, — a most 
worthy name, now nobly represented by my old friend, their 
son. Prof. C. P. Frost, and his family, at Dartmouth college. 

Dr. Worcester, so tall, good-natured, and skilful, — he attended 
me and brought me safely through an attack of that serious and 
at present much-talked-of disease, appendicitis. It is indeed 
a much-dreaded disease, and your neighbor. Professor Hardy of 
Dartmouth, who presents that curious and most unusual combi- 
nation of qualities which fitted him to be a learned professor of 
mathematics and a famous writer of fiction, has vividly depicted 
the wretchedness of a man pursued through all his short life by 
the dread of that often fatal disease. He at least believed 
himself dying of it, and offered his dead body a sacrifice to the 
scalpel and the good of science. His vermiform appendix, 
however, was found perfectly healthy and normal, and no other 
cause of death could be discovered. He had died of a vivid 
imagination. 

Dr. Worcester, however, in me found a real case, and brought 
me safely through by means of vigorous treatment, for which I 
have no doubt he received a very modest fee and many thanks. 
One part of the treatment is very clear in my recollection, — he 
bled me from the arm, and when, during the operation, he expe- 
rienced some difficulty in piercing the vein, he rallied me on 
my thick skin, when he knew very well the accusation was 
unjust, and I retorted blaming his "dull old knife." We were 
good friends, and I hope the member of your present board of 
trustees bearing the name is the good doctor's son. 

Scores of familiar forms and faces come trooping up before 
me from amongst the students of those days. That was in 
1849, yet, strange to say, all those forms and faces as they 
come to me now are gay and youthful ; hastening back and 




R. OSGOOD MASON, M.D. 



167 

forth to and from the academy, reciting, discussing, singing in 
the academy choir, declaiming, joining in sports and in many 
scenes of pleasure and interest. 

Well do I remember the court and mock trial in our class. 
The genial John A. Smith, who died all too soon during our 
first year in college, was the judge ; Kingsbury and I think 
John Eaton, Jr., since for many years United States commis- 
sioner of education at Washington, were of the learned counsel ; 
I was the criminal accused of high-handed murder. The trial 
occupied all the afternoon and evening. The witnesses were 
sworn "by the great Horn Spoon," and the jury "by the great 
boot that hangs in Chatham street." The examination of wit- 
nesses was most critical and interesting, but the evening session 
was the grand tournament; then the learned counsel summed 
up the case with great eloquence, the jury brought in their ver- 
dict of "guilty," and the accused made his last appeal to the 
judge, maintaining his innocence. The academy was packed, 
the windows were open, and the windows of the adjoining build- 
ings on either side were filled with interested spectators and 
listeners. The death penalty was then and there pronounced, 
but, if I remember rightly, it was never carried into effect. 

Of course Mr. Orcutt was the chief personality so far as the 
students were concerned. His tall, thin, slightly stooping form, 
always handsomely clad in black ; his jet black hair and whis- 
kers ; his dark skin and brilliant eyes ; the rapid and rather 
ungainly gait, by means of which, however, he got there every 
time ; will all be remembered by the older people of the town. 
And, notwithstanding the succession of excellent principals 
who have followed him, I doubt not that Hiram Orcutt is still 
a tradition amongst the younger generation of residents and 
students. He was certainly a most remarkable man, and left 
an impress for good upon many a strong, active mind which 
again has made its infiuence felt in wider and ever widening 
circles. I know I have disappointed him : I am not a minister, 
nor even a Sunday-school superintendent, nevertheless I am a 
better man for his influence. Truly the eulogy which the old 
song gives to "Father O'Flynn " would be applicable to him 
also, — 

" Och, Father O'Flynn, you 've a wonderful way wid you ; 
All the ould sinners are wishful to pray wid you, 
And the young children are wild for to play wid you, 
You 've such a way wid you, Father O'Flynn. 

" Still, for all you 've so gentle a soul, 
Gad, you 've your flock in the grandest control ; 
Checking the crazy ones, coaxin' onaisy ones, 
Lifting the lazy ones on wid the stick ! " 



168 

Thetford Academy may have had its faults in those days, 
but it certainly did send out students who were thoroughly 
imbued with the necessity and spirit of work, students who 
somehow had acquired the use of their faculties, and liked 
to use them ; it was a kind of education which fitted one 
to arcomplish something in whatever direction those faculties 
were directed ; and I remember the Thetford Academy of 
forty years ago and more, as I know it is also to-day under 
its present efficient management, as a splendid training-school, 
not only for college, but also for the duties of every-day life, 
which is quite as important. 

Long may old Thetford remain a city set on a hill, a safe 
beacon light, and her academy a well-furnished storehouse of 
moral and intellectual force ; and may it have a future which 
shall ever surpass her traditions of the past and her present 
honorable record. 

Wishing you a pleasant vacation, I am, gentlemen, very sin- 
cerely, etc, 

R. Osgood Mason, A. M., M. D., Dartmouth '54, wrote the 
class Day " Parting Song" — 

" Happy have been these days, boys." 

Graduated in medicine at the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons, New York, 1859, valedictorian. Acting assistant sur- 
geon U. S. Navy, i86i-'64; since then practising medicine in 
New York. Is a member of the New York Academy of Medi- 
cine, the County Medical Society, and an associate member of 
the Society for Psychical Research (London) ; has contributed 
to the American your?ial of the Medical Sciences^ The jfournal 
of Nenwus and Mefital Disease, The Archives of Pediatrics, 
The Medical Record, The Analectic, — in general literature to the 
Popular Science Alonthly, Lippincotf s Alagazine, The Arena, 
Pe?m Monthly, to the Afnerican Art jfournal a sketch of the 
Philharmonic Society of New York — three numbers. Published 
a book, " Sketches and Impressions — Musical, Theatrical, and 
Social." Has given much attention to the newer or experi- 
mental psychology, embracing Telepathy, Hypnotism, and espe- 
cially Double Personality. Published a series of seven articles 
in the Ne7v York Times entitled, "In the Field of Psychology." 
In the journal of the Society for Psychical Research, London, 
"A Case of Duplex Personality Accompanied by Phenomenal 
Perceptive Powers." 




DR. H. H. GILLETT. 




C. C. STRATTAN. 



169 

Herman Hosford Gillett, M. D., Post Mills, graduated from 
the Medical Department of Dartmouth College in 1847, and has 
had a long and successful practice. December 10, 1861, he 
entered the service as assistant surgeon of the 8th Vermont, 
and June 25, 1862, was promoted to surgeon, and was mustered 
out June 28, 1865. He was detailed at different times on im- 
portant staff duty and as director of general hospitals. His 
fidelity and skill were well tested and not found wanting. One 
of the interesting incidents of his service in Louisiana was his 
discovery of W. S. and H. P. Montgomery, both of whom came 
with him North and gained an education, and entered upon lines 
of great usefulness. For H. P. Montgomery see notes and 
picture. W. S. chose a college course, graduated at Dartmouth, 
and is now supervisor of public schools in Washington, D. C. 

Galen Allen Graves, son of Daniel and Polly Copeland Allen 
Graves, was born in Acworth, N. H., August, 1830; graduated 
at Dartmouth, 1854; taught in New Hampshire, New York, and 
Michigan ; studied law and entered upon its practice in Detroit, 
but returned to teaching. He so continued until he retired to 
enjoy the comforts of a competency at Ackley, Iowa. 

Stratton, Charles Carroll, of Fitchburg, of the Sentinel Print 
ing Company, is a native of Vermont, born in the town of 
Fairlee, August 22, 1829, son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Sturte- 
vant) Stratton. His father was a farmer, and a leading citizen 
of the town, representing it in the legislature and holding various 
positions of trust. He was educated in the district school and 
at the Thetford Academy. At the age of seventeen he left 
home to learn the printer's trade. After serving his apprentice- 
ship in the office of the Democratic Republican at Haverhill, 
N. H., he went to Newbury, Vt., where he worked some time at 
his trade in the office of the Aurora of the Valley. Subsequently 
he went to Boston and worked several months there in the old 
Franklin printing office, and thence to New York where he was 
employed in the Methodist Book Concern. Then in September, 
1854, he came to Fitchburg and entered the printing office of 
the Sentinei, at that time a small weekly paper, with which he 
has been connected ever since, with the exception of a few 
months when he was serving in the Civil War attached to the 
Second Massachusetts Cavalry, and in the Christian Commis- 
sion at City Point, Va. In March, 1867, he purchased a half 
interest in the establishment and six years later, entering into 
partnership with John E. Kellogg, began the publication of the 
Daily Sentinel, the first number bearing date of May 6, 1873. 



170 

The venture proved a success and the business of the partners 
steadily increased and expanded. In 1881 the daily and the 
weekly were both enlarged ; another increase in the size of the 
sheets was made in 1885, a third in 1886, a fourth in 1890 when 
the change from the folio to the quarto was made, and a fifth in 
1892, the Seiitincl iho-w becoming an eight page paper of seven 
columns each, printed on a perfecting press. The Sentitiel has 
been an important factor in the development of Fitchburg and 
devoted to the interests of central Massachusetts. Mr. Stratton 
is a member of the order of Odd Fellows, and of the Knights of 
Honor, and belongs to the Fitchburg Board of Trade, and Fitch- 
burg Historical Society. In politics he is Republican. He was 
married June 11, 1873, to Miss Maria S. Putnam, daughter of 
John and Sophronia C. Putnam of Fitchburg. They have one 
child : Louise S. Stratton. Dr. W. S. Palmer and Mrs. Jennie 
Corliss are Mr. Stratton's cousins. 

Albert Hezekiah Porter, son of Eleazer Howard and Susan; 
Newton Porter, was born in Thetford Center, Vt., September 
20, 1843. His early education was obtained in the public 
schools, after twelve years of age, working on a farm summers 
and attending public school winters. He attended Thetford 
Academy and taught alternately in 1861, 1862. He enlisted 
August 8, 1862, in the Tenth Vermont Volunteers for three 
years, and was discharged October 3, 1864, on account of 
wounds. He then began preparing for college, attending Thet- 
ford Academy ; entered the freshman class at Dartmouth, and 
graduated in 187 1, and in 1873 at the Thayer School of Civil 
Engineering. He taught school winters during both courses. 
He went to Iowa in the fall of 1873, and in the following winter 
was elected professor of mathematics and civil engineering in 
the Iowa State Agricultural College. He remained here two 
years, when he resigned and commenced the practice of his pro- 
fession, at first in an architects' office, and then in the western 
office of the King Bridge Company at Des Moines, Iowa. In 
1878 he was in Cleveland, Ohio, as engineer for the King Bridge 
Company, and in 1884 went to Chicago as engineer for the 
western agents of the Morse Bridge Company. In 1885 he 
went to Indianapolis as engineer for the Indianapolis Bridge 
Company. In 1886 he returned to Cleveland as engineer for 
the King Bridge Company, and so remains. 

E. C. Rice, civil engineer, wrote from 3649 Pine Street, St. 
Louis, Mo. : 

I was a pupil of Thetford Academy during the winter of 
i849-'5o, and have a very pleasing recollection of Mr. and Mrs. 




E. C. RICE. 



171 

Orcutt, their assistants, and many of the pupils, also of quite a 
number of the citizens of the town, whose acquaintance I had 
the good fortune to make. During the three years previous to 
1850, I was with the engineer department which was in charge 
of building the Boston water works in Massachusetts. Since 
leaving Thetford I have been chiefly engaged in locating and 
building railways. In 1850 and 185 i, I was assistant engineer 
to Mr. Marshall Conant in building the Cocheco Railway in N. 
H. In October, 1857, I went to Dubuque, Iowa, and located a 
railwayfrom that city to Cedar Rapids, Iowa. At that time there 
were only eighty miles of railway in Illinois, and no railways west 
of the Mississippi river. Chicago had a population of about 
30,000. The whole Mississippi valley was almost a wilderness, 
farm houses, or rather log cabins, being ten to fifteen miles 
apart. In the winter of i85i-'52, I was appointed engineer in 
charge of the Mississippi river improvements at Dubuque, but 
as the river commissioners did not approve my plan, which was 
to confine the river to its natural channel into a reasonable width, 
instead of dredging, I resigned. In 1863, I met one of the 
commissioners in Washington, D. C, who frankly told me that 
my plan was the correct one, and that they wasted one hundred 
thousand dollars, and then adopted my plan. For the past 
thirty years, or more, all improvements of western rivers have 
been made on said plan. 

Prior to 1861, I made many surveys for railroads, and built a 
division of the Hannibal & St. Joe, and also a division of the 
Keokuk & Des Moines. In 1863, I accepted an appointment 
of engineer officer on the staff of Gen. A. A. Humphreys, who 
was in command of the third division of the Fifth Army Corps 
of the Army of the Potomac. In 1863, I went with him into 
the Third Army Corps. When General Meade took command 
of the army. General Humphreys was made his chief of staff, 
and I went with him. I was obliged to leave the army in the 
fall of 1863, on account of ill health. I accepted the position of 
chief engineer of the Hannibal &: St. Joe railway in the 
spring . of 1864, and that of chief engineer of the Ohio &: 
Mississippi railway in the fall of the same year, where I remained 
nearly four years. In 1865,1 received an appointment on the 
Vera Cruz & Mexico railway, but " I had married a wife and 
therefore could not go." 

The principal railroads I have located and built as chief engi- 
neer since 1867, are the following: 

(1) The St. Louis, Vandalia & Terre Haute — the St. Louis 
division of the Pennsylvania system. 



172 

(2) The Indiana & Illinois division of the Louisville & 
Nashville system. 

(3) The Vincennes &: Cairo railway — the Southwest division 
of the Big Four system. 

(4) The Louisville, Evansville & St. Louis (consolidated.) 

I was married in Philadelphia, June, 1865, to Miss Elizabeth 
C. Appleton. We have had two children — a daughter whom 
we lost at the age of sixteen, and a son now eleven years of age. 

Henry M. Perrin was born in Berlin, Vermont, June 23, 
1829; graduated at Dartmouth, 1853 ; studied law in Albany, N. 
Y., resided for a time in Terre Haute, Ind., Detroit, Michigan, 
and in 1857, settled in St. Johns, Michigan, where he still 
resides, greatly respected as a member of the church, an influen- 
tial citizen, and a lawyer of mark — a man of great independence 
of character. 

He has been judge of probate and state senator. He 
married May i, 1862, Mary Ashley, at Ovid, Michigan. 

Two daughters were born to them, Lucy and Ella Luella ; 
Lucy is now Mrs. Dr. Henry Palmer, of St. Johns, and Ella was 
killed in a railroad accident, August 10, 1889. 

Hon. L. B. Eaton, lawyer and capitalist, Memphis, Tenn., son 
of John and Janet C. Andrews Eaton, was born in Sutton, N. 
H., March 8, 1838. After leaving Thetford studied at Orford, 
and finished his preparatory course at Phillips, Andover ; grad- 
uated at Dartmouth, 1857 ; read law with William Collamer, 
Woodstock, Vt., and Hill & Pratt, Toledo, Ohio; was head of 
Prospect school, Cleveland, Ohio, and entered the Union army 
as second lieutenant, and soon became first lieutenant and cap- 
tain ; was with Buell, under Grant, at Shiloh, and Rosecrans 
at Stone River, and for a time assistant inspector general ; 
fought with distinction at Chickamaugua, Chattanooga, Atlanta, 
Resaca, and in other battles under General Sherman ; was mus- 
tered in as lieutenant colonel of the Sixty-ninth regiment, U, S. 
C. I. Volunteers, and appointed colonel in 1865. He became 
editor and manager of the Memphis Post, Tennessee, where he has 
since remained, an attorney and capitalist, sharing in enterprises 
that have given prosperity to the city. He is a leading Republi- 
can, and has been member of the legislature, and nominated for 
congress, made a brilliant run, but was counted out. He mar- 
ried Clara, daughter of V. Winters, banker, Dayton, Ohio, and 
his son, Valentine, graduated at Dartmouth, 1892, and in law at 
Boston University Law School, 1895, and married Mabel, daugh- 
ter of Prof. E. R. Ruggles, and settled in Memphis. 



173 

Mrs. Carrie Eaton Pennock after leaving Thetford gradu- 
ated at Mt. Holyoke, and was for years the favorite lady prin- 
cipal of the Toledo high school, when she married Hon. S. M. 
Pennock of Somerville, Mass., who was for a time state senator 
and judge in Vermont, and member of the city government of 
Somerville, Mass., where he died; she continues to reside 
there, and is active in church and beneficent work. 

Naturally those who resided near the Academy and were "at 
home" to those who came from other localities to attend the 
anniversary, have thought less about answering the inquiries in 
reference to themselves, their families, and their doings. It is 
specially regretted that they are not more fully represented in 
this publication, and especially that of the descendants of Cap- 
tain William Harris Latham, who left such a deep impress 
upon the town, and whose children were so closely associated 
with the Academy, and have done so much for it ; none have 
appeared to represent him and his family more fully. 

William H. was born in Lyme March 6, 1814. After leaving 
Thetford graduated at Hanover in 1836 ; studied divinity one 
year, but turned his attention to medicine. He was a successful 
practitioner in Indianapolis. He married Lydia M. Mcllvane 
of Columbus, Ohio, November 2, 1893. 

Charles French was born in Thetford November 19, 1824, 
and graduated at Dartmouth 1848; taught in Charlestown, 
Mass. ; became interested in business in Buffalo ; was prom- 
inently connected with Wells, Fargo & Co., and was highly 
esteemed. His name will be cherished in connection with the 
library and his gifts to the Academy. 

Miss Jeanette Latham, granddaughter of the captain, was 
one of Dr. Orcutt's favorite students at Granville, N. Y. 

The following recent notice, it is believed, is substantially 
correct : 

Captain Latham, son of Arthur and Mary Post Latham, was 
born in the good old town of Lyme in 1778, where he married 
Azubah Jenks October 18, 1809. He was one of the most 
active, pushing, energetic men of his time. He located in trade 
on Thetford hill early in life, and remained there about twenty 
years, when he moved to the General Chamberlin farm, which 
has since been the home of his family and descendants for 
nearly three quarters of a century. This great, square, roomy 



174 

mansion and large farm seem the fitting abode of that active 
family of seventeen children, and here was dispensed a gener- 
ous hospitality. Captain Latham was eminently successful in 
business and farm management. He was captain of militia, a 
volunteer of 1812, and held various town offices. 

His children are Lucy H. (Mrs. Thomas M. Kelley of Cleve- 
land) ; Azubah ; William H., a physician of Indianapolis ; Ar- 
thur, deceased, was a merchant; Azubah 2d (Mrs. D.N. Barney, 
deceased) ; Nehemiah, deceased ; Julia A. (Mrs. Gardner B. 
Murfey of Cleveland) ; Sarah A. and Mary A., twins, widows 
respectively of N. H. Stockwell and John Baker ; Charles F., 
deceased, who was connected with the Wells, Fargo & Co. ex- 
press ; Marcia A. and Gracia L, deceased ; Henry M. of Lancas- 
ter, Mass., deceased ; Lavinia J., deceased ; Edward P., a merchant 
of AVaseca, Minn. ; James K. S., deceased, who was a banker in 
San Francisco ; and one son who died in infancy. There have 
been seventy-six grandchildren and great-grandchildren of 
Captain Latham's family and not one of them was deficient 
physically or mentally. This is a remarkable record. 

Mr. W. L. Murfey, a grandson, now lives on this grand old 
ancestral estate, and follows dairying, with about twenty thor- 
oughbred Holsteins and Jerseys. The descendants of Captain 
W. H. Latham have donated to Thetford Academy, the First 
Congregational society, and to found Latham Memorial Library 
over $20,000. The members of the family are widely scat- 
tered, but they inherit, in a large degree, the indomitable energy 
and courage and the estimable social qualities of their honored 
ancestor. 

Dr. E. C. Worcester and family. — Dr. E. C. Worcester, son of 
Rev. Leonard Worcester, was born in Peacham, Vt., Feb. 28, 
18 1 4, and educated in the academy there. The Worcesters 
have generally been noted as scholars, and many of them have 
been ministers. Of the six brothers, five studied theology 
and two medicine, E. C. being one of them. He died in July, 
1887, having been a resident of Thetford almost continuously 
from 1845. ^^ '^^^ closely associated with the academy and 
greatly respected by the students, as will be seen by numer- 
ous references in these pages. He was a close student, and 
especially eminent in the theories of his profession, and was 
always helpful to religion and education. He was one of the 
examiners of the Woodstock Medical School. He was deeply 
interested in the cultivation of flowers, and is said to have built 
the first commercial greenhouse in Vermont. 

His oldest son, William L. Worcester, graduated at Thetford, 




E. C. WORCESTER, M.D. 



175 

Dartmouth, and the Medical School at Washington, D. C, and 
spent sixteen years in hospital work in Europe. He was settled 
two years in Burlington, and then accepted the position of 
assistant physician in the insane asylum, at Kalamazoo, Mich., 
where he remained ten years. He then became assistant super- 
intendent of the insane asylum at Little Rock, Ark., for six years. 
He was for a time in charge at Oak Grove, Mich. He has made 
a specialty of nervous diseases, both in his writings and in his 
practice, and is now located in New York city. The doctor's 
children shared in the education of the academy as far as circum- 
stances would permit. 

The second daughter, Alice E., when studying at Salem in 
the Normal School became interested in the Bell system of 
teaching the deaf and dumb, and the strength of her last years 
was devoted to their instruction in the Northampton Institu- 
tion, where she developed a system of her own, and was declared 
by Mr. A. Graham Bell, the best authority in the United States, 
to be the best instructor of this unfortunate class in the country. 

Dean C. Worcester graduated at Michigan University at the 
age of twenty-three. Having raised a handsome sum for an 
expedition to the Phillipine Islands, he spent three years and a 
half there, and, with Mr. Burns, made rare discoveries and col- 
lections in natural history. He made the rare discovery of a 
tribe that had reduced their language to syllabic writing. He 
now has charge of the Zoological and Biological Department of 
^the university at Ann Arbor, with eighty students in the labora- 
tory. 

H. E. Worcester is the manager of McDonald «Sc Sons, the 
largest book bindery in Boston. 

Geo. S. Worcester, born in 1849, ^^^ ^°^ ^^° years in the 
custom house at Burlington, and for a time engaged in business 
in the South. He has done much to specialize farming and im- 
prove dairying, and increase the production of vegetables and 
small fruits ; is a deacon of the Congregational church, and has 
been for eleven years trustee of Thetford Academy, and is one 
of its most devoted friends. No one has put forth more wise 
or self-sacrificing efforts, in which he has had the hearty co- 
operation of his family. He married Ida E. Kenney, and has 
four promising sons. 

W. L. Worcester, M. D., wrote from Oak Grove, Mich.: "I 
.have never had reason to regret that I received so much of my 



176 

education at Thetford Academy, and I believe that compared 
with most of the other schools of the same order it has all along 
presented certain advantages over most of them. Its students 
have not been rigidly fettered to a curriculum, which must from 
the necessity of the case be adapted to the capacities of the less 
capable and ambitious ; another is that the tone of the school 
has been given to it b}'^ those who came with the purpose to 
make the most of their opportunities. If a student wanted to 
do the work of three years in two, he had the chance. If his 
interests obliged him to be absent, he was encouraged not to 
give up or lose his place with his class ; and while the student's 
knowledge of the subject might in such cases fall below the 
severest standard, he was apt to learn what was of supreme im- 
portance, how to make the most of his time. I have always 
congratulated myself, too, that there pupils of both sexes not 
only met in the same class room, but under no other restraints 
than such as are imposed by good sense and right feeling in a 
well-ordered home." 

He expresses the most ardent desire that those who in past 
years have received the benefits of the Academy may be moved 
to share with it in some degree the prosperity which has come 
to them from the instruction and discipline received within its 
halls. What better use can be made of money than to assure 
its continued usefulness .'' 

Judge Samuel M. Gleason, of Thetford Center, was born June, 
1833 ; fitted for college under Dr. Orcutt in the Academy, and 
graduated at Dartmouth in 1858. He read law with C. W. 
Clark of Chelsea, and was admitted to the bar in 1861, and has 
since been located in Thetford Center. He has been repeatedly 
state's attorney and has been engaged in some of the most im- 
portant cases in his section of the country, and is now judge of 
probate, and has been railroad examiner ; has been trustee of 
Thetford Academy, and of the State Normal School, and director 
in one or two savings banks. His successful discharge of the 
duties of his present office has secured the hearty approval of 
both political parties. 

Professor T. W. D. Worthen, Dartmouth College, Hanover, 
N. H., graduated at the Academy in 1868, at Dartmouth in 
1872. Was principal of Woodstock high school two years, and 
became tutor of mathematics in Dartmouth College in 1874. 
He has also been tutor in Greek, and has won his way as in- 
structor and associate professor to the full professorship of his 
favorite subiect. He was instructor in gymnastics from 1875 




TROF. E. D. RUGGLES, PH.D. 



177 

to 1893. He has also been secretary and president of the Dart- 
mouth Scientific Association, clerk of the faculty, secretary of 
the Phi Beta Kappa Society. He is now secretary of the Dart- 
mouth Alumni Association, member of the American Mathemati- 
cal Society. He has assisted at many teachers' institutes, and 
is one of the most ardent friends of New Thetford. 

Rev. David Dana Marsh, of Unionville, Conn., son of Rev. 
Joseph and Lucy Dana Marsh, was born in Orford, N. H., April 
14, 1842. His parents becoming residents of the Hill in 1852, 
he attended the Academy more or less till i860. Sat under the 
towering "King Hiram," the gentle Hood, the smiling Hazen, 
and sweet Miss Dubois. Went to Meriden Academy in i860 
and graduated in the class of 1861. Entered Dartmouth College 
and graduated in the class of 1865. Meanwhile taught district 
school, as a kind of safety valve process, in Post Mills and 
Woodstock; entered Andover Theological Seminary and gradu- 
ated with the class of 1868. Married, August 11, 1868, Abbie 
W. Cass of Danvers, Mass. Was ordained and installed over the 
"Memorial Church," (Cong.), in Georgetown, Mass., on Sep- 
tember 16, 1868, and remained in that pastorate just twenty 
years. Three daughters were born in his home, Caroline Tapley, 
Lucy Dana, and Susan Preston. Was installed over the Con- 
gregational church in Unionville, Conn., where he is now serving 
as pastor. 

Professor Edward Rush Ruggles, Ph. D., Hanover, N. H., was 
born in Norwich, A^t., October 22, 1836. Graduated from Thet- 
ford Academy in 1855, and from Dartmouth College in 1859. 
He was for a year principal of Bradford, Vt., Academy, then 
went to Europe to study the modern languages. In October, 
1864, he was appointed instructor in modern languages in Dart- 
mouth College, and two years later made professor in the 
Chandler Scientific Department. On the resignation of Pro- 
fessor Woodman in 1880, he succeeded to his duties as professor 
in charge, and occupied this position until 1893, when he be- 
came professor of the German language and literature in the 
college, which position he now holds. In addition to his college 
duties, he has been called as magistrate and administrator to 
serve the college and community in many ways. He married 
Miss Blaisdell, daughter of Judge Daniel and Charlotte (Osgood) 
Blaisdell, and three of their children have finished courses of 
study, Mabel at Bradford Academy, and Daniel B. and Ed. H. 
at Dartmouth College. Daniel B. has also finished his law 
course, and begun the practice in Boston. 
12 



178 

Gen. John Eaton, Ph. D., LL. D., son of John and Janet 
(Andrews) Eaton, of Sutton, N. H., was born December 5, 1829, 
and after spending the years of his childhood at the district 
school and at work upon his father's farm, he was fitted for 
college at Thetford Academy, Vermont. He graduated from 
Dartmouth College in 1854, taught at Cleveland, and was super- 
intendent of schools at Toledo, O. He studied theology at 
Andover, Mass., was ordained in August, 1861, and became 
chaplain of the Twenty-seventh Ohio regiment. He was twice 
taken prisoner and released. In 1862 he was appointed by 
General Grant superintendent of the colored people which came 
in immense numbers within the lines of his army, and who 
were saved from sickness and from spreading disease and, so 
far as possible, reduced to a condition of orderly self-support, 
and many of them furnished with the means of elementary 
education. Over 70,000 of them it is estimated became Union 
soldiers. Here, General Grant says, the Freedmen's Bureau 
originated. 

Chaplain Eaton became colonel of the Sixty-third Colored 
infantry, and was made brigadier-general by brevet, and in 
May, 1865, assistant commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau, 
at Washington, D. C. He established and with his brother, 
Lucius B. Eaton, conducted the Memphis Post. He became 
state superintendent of schools for Tennessee in 1867, and 
was United States commissioner of education from March, 
1870, until August, 1886. His resignation, against the wishes 
of the president, was made necessary by his failing health. 
He became president of Marietta (Ohio) College, to which 
position he was elected in the fall of 1885. This position 
he resigned on account of his health in 1891, the attendance 
having more than doubled. 

He now resides at Eaton Grange, Waterloo, N. H., in sum- 
mer, and at "The Concord," Washington, D. C, in winter. 

He has been president, vice-president, trustee, or member of 
many leading educational institutions, organizations, and expo- 
sitions in this country and abroad. His educational reports, 
addresses, and essays have been read and quoted throughout 
the civilized world ; every department of education has felt his 
helping influence. He has been made honorary member of 
the French Ministry of Public Instruction, and knighted by the 
emperor of Brazil. It has been said of him, — "General Eaton's 
whole life has been consecrated to the highest benevolence and 
to the broadest patriotism, and to going about doing good in 
every direction." 

He married, September 29, 1864, Alice Eugenia, daughter of 




GEN. JOHN EATON. 



179 

Capt. James and Adeline (Quincy) Shirley, of Vicksburg, Miss. 
They have had four children, and three are alive : James Shirley, 
a graduate of Marietta College ; received honorary A. M. from 
Dartmouth ; a ready writer and specialist on railroad statistics, 
an auditor of one hundred and twenty stations and of nine 
hundred miles of North Carolina railway. Elsie Janet, a grad- 
uate of Painesville Seminary, and now Mrs. Dr. C. William New- 
ton, of Toledo, O. John Quincy, A. B., Dartmouth, and LL. B. 
and LL. M., Columbian University, Washington, D. C. ; located 
at Memphis, Tenn. 



The present corps of teachers — Principal F. W. Newell, and 
Mrs. Newell, Miss Margaret Fletcher, Mr. D. Clinton Gardner, 
Miss Mary Gillett Niles, Mrs. Sargeant, and Mrs. Sophia Geary — 
kept themselves very much in the background during the cele- 
bration, but their good work in the school was manifested by 
its results. 

During Mr. Newell's principalship students have been fitted 
for Bates, Bowdoin, Dartmouth, Wesleyan, and Burlington, and 
thirty-one students have graduated from one or more of the 
four departments, — English, Business, Latin, and College Pre- 
paratory. 

Mr. Newell graduated at Bates, Lewiston, Me., 1889, having 
taught during his course of study. He became principal of a 
graded school, Pittsfield, N. H., and then taught for a time in 
Needham, Mass. One who has been carefully looking over the 
present work of the Academy, finds proof of its efficiency in the 
fact that there are now of his former students twenty-two in 
advanced courses of study, or, including those in normal or 
kindergarten training-school, twenty-five. Two are in theologi- 
cal seminaries, one a post-graduate at Harvard, one in law and 
one in medicine at Yale, seven at the University of Vermont, 
four at Dartmouth, one at Smith, one at Wesleyan, one at Bos- 
ton University, etc. 

Miss Margaret Fletcher illustrates the supremacy of the 
industrial spirit by keeping house while she is librarian for the 
Latham library in addition to her efficient work as teacher in 
the Academy. Her two sisters occupy important positions, one 
in charge of the Home for Aged Couples, near Boston, and the 
other as a teacher of deaf mutes in the Northampton school, 
Massachusetts, all former students of Thetford Academy. 



"When a man becomes distinguished for his ability and 
integrity, so that people all over the land begin to talk about 
him, I have got into the habit of asking, ' In which of the Ver- 
mont Country Academies was he educated ? ' " 

M. H. BUCKHAM, 
Pres. University of Ve^'mont. 



The following list of students of Thetford Academy, with 
their present addresses, may give, to some extent, the desired 
information. It is incomplete, we know, but we give all the 
names, also the honorary titles, that have come to us in answer 
to circulars. 



LIST OF NAMES. 



Abbott, Rev. B. H., Carbondale, 
Pa. 

Abbott, B. Walter, Fairlee, Vt. 

Abbott, Fred W., Fairlee, Vt. 

Abbott, Mrs. Julia (Perkins), Fair- 
lee, Vt. 

Abbott, Mrs. Clara (Porter), Mel- 
rose, Mass. 

Abbott, Newell, Lincoln, Neb. 

Adams, Mrs. Sarah (Clough), Fair- 
lee, Vt. 

Adams, Col. Samuel E., P. O. box 
447, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Aiken, Jonas B., Franklin, N. H. 

Ainsworth, Charles R., Moline, 111. 

Ainsworth, John, Hartland, Vt. 

Ainsworth, Edwin, Hartland, Vt. 

Alden, Ezra B., Lyme Centre, 
N. H. 

Alden, R. S., state college, Dur- 
ham, N. H. 

Alden, Rev. E. H., Athol, Mass. 

Alden, Rev. E. J., 337 Indiana St., 
Chicago, 111. 

Alden, Mrs. £. J., 337 Indiana St., 
Chicago, 111. 

Aldrich, Royal W., Amherst, Mass. 

Aldrich, Emma, Thetford Centre, 
Vt. 

Alexander, Mrs. Elizabeth, Con- 
cord, N. H. 

Allbee, Dora Ada, So. Fairlee, Vt. 

AUbee, Marion G., So. Fairlee, Vt. 

Allis, Leon, Vershire, Vt. 

Allis, Mrs. Lillian (Wilmot), Ver- 
shire, Vt. 

Amsden, Mrs. Lucinda (Dimick), 
Lyme, N. H. 

Andrew, Mrs. John, Girard, Kan. 

Andrews, George W., 432 Fourth 
St., S. E. Minneapolis, Minn. 



Andruss, Mrs. Lavinia (Young), 

Chelsea, Vt. 
Angell, Prof. T. S., Bates College, 

Lewiston, Me. 
Annis, William, Albany, Vt. 
Arlin, Mrs. Ira, (Freight House), 

Concord, N. H. 
Armstrong, JohnW., Norwich, Vt. 
Austin, Mrs. Isaiah, Tunbridge,Vt. 
Austin, William C, Chelsea, Vt. 
Avery, Edward, So. Plymouth, 

Mass. 
Aveiy, Fred T., Strafford, Vt. 

Babcock, W. L., Elk River, Minn. 

Babcock, B. A., No. Thetford, Vt. 

Bacon, Hon. Henry, Worcester, 
Mass. 

Bacon, Henry C, Bellows Falls, 
Vt. 

Bacon, C. F., Strafford, Vt. 

Bailey, M. A., Lancaster, Mass. 

Bailey, Frank, Lawrence, Kan. 

Bailey, Henry A., Lyme Centre, 
N. H. 

Bailey, Fred, Lyme Centre, N. H. 

Baker, Mrs. Mary (Latham), Fast- 
en, Pa. 

Baker, I. P., Audobon, Audobon 
Co., la. 

Baker, Mrs. Augusta (Gilkey), Au- 
dobon, Audobon Co., la. 

Balch, Annie, No. Thetford, Vt. 

Balch, Charles C, East Providence 
Centre, R. I. 

Balch, West, Lyme, N. H. 

Baldwin, Mrs. Mary (Heaton) No. 
6 Colonia Block, Seattle, Wash. 

Ball, Mrs. Kate (Ladd), Barre, Vt. 

Bancroft, Mrs. Mary C., So. Lan- 
caster, Mass. 



182 



Barker, Mrs. E. Florence (Whit- 
tridge), Maiden, Mass. First 
Pres't Woman's National Relief 
Corps. 

Barnard, Prof. W. E., 483 Ninth 
St., Oakland, Cal. 

Barnes, Herbert, Boston, Mass. 

Barnes, Washington, No. Thet- 
ford, Vt. 

Barnes, William L., Hanover Cen- 
tre, N. H. 

Barnes, E. L. M., Middletown, Ct. 

Barnes, H. D., Coaticook, P. Q. 

Barnes, Mrs. William, White River 
Junction, Vt. 

Barnes, Mrs. E. G., Fargo, North 
Dakota. 

Barnet, Mrs. Robert, West New- 
bury, Vt. 

Barrett, Mrs. Carrie (Powell), So. 
Straftbrd, Vt. 

Barrett, Day T., Union Village, Vt. 

Barrett, Martin, Union Village, Vt. 

Barron, Oscar, White River Junc- 
tion, Vt. 

Bartlett, Wilham, Toledo, O. 

Bascom, Benjamin, Sharon, Vt. 

Bass, Hon. Perkins, 149 La Salle 
St., Chicago, 111. 

Bassett, Charles, East Thetford,Vt. 

Batchelder, Mrs. C. L., Exeter, 
N. H. 

Bates, Sidney, Lebanon, N. H. 

Bates, Louise M., Lebanon, N. H. 

Bates, Mrs. Ella (Wallace), Leba- 
non, N. H. 

Bates, Mrs. Jacob, Hartland, Vt. 

Bates, Frederick, Titusville, Pa. 

Bates, Mrs. Marion (Walker), 31 
Loomis St., Burlington, Vt. 

Baxter, Elizabeth G., North Thet- 
ford, Vt. 

Beals, Mrs. Anna (Ruggles), Bed- 
ford, N. H. 

Beane, Mrs. Lavinia (Church), Lit- 
tleton, N. H. 

Bean, Mrs. Amanda F , Maynard, 
Fayette Co., la. 

Bean, Myrta E., Normal School, 
Salem, Mass. 



Bell, Mrs. Lizzie (Vaughan), Thet- 
ford, Vt. 

Benson, Mrs. Mary (Hall), Queeche, 
Vt. 

Berry, Lute, So. Straiilbrd, Vt. 

Berry, William, Middletown, Mass. 

Berry, Hon. Solon K., No. Thet- 
ford, Vt. 

Berry, Mabel, No. Thetford, Vt. 

Berry, Nellie, No. Thetford, Vt. 

Berry, Charles E., Waltham, Mass. 

Berry, Harry, Maiden, Mass. 

Berry, Nellie M., 24 Common St., 
Boston, Mass. 

Berry, Harry. 

Berry, Charles. 

Bicknell, Thomas W., LL. D., 49 
Westminster St., Providence, 
R. I. 

Billings, Mrs. Martha (Heaton), 
Vernon Heights, Oakland, Cal. 

Bixby, Prin. John, A. B., Roches- 
ter, Vt. 

Blackmer, O. C, 41 East Indiana 
St., Chicago, 111. 

Bliss, Abbie C, Bradford, Vt. 

Bliss, Frank, Corinth, Vt. 

Bliss, Don C, A. B., Supt. of Pub- 
lic Instruction, Northviile, Mich. 

Blood, Lillian v., Tracy, Lyon Co., 
Minn. 

Blood, William, Norwich, Vt. 

Blood, Dennis, E. Thetford, Vt. 

Blood, Charles H., Barton, Vt. 

Blood, E. F., A. B., Assinippi, 
Mass. 

Blood, Mrs. L. A. (Fletcher), 352 
Taylor St., E. Manchester, N.H. 

Boardman, Hon. Halsey J., 17 
State St., Boston, Mass. 

Bond, Hon. S. R., 321 Four-and-a 
Half St., Washington, D. C. 

Bond, Edgar (Atfy), 106 Pleasant 
St., Woburn, Mass. 

Bond, Alice, 106 Pleasant St., 
Woburn, Mass. 

Bond, Wm. W., So. Fairlee, Vt. 

Bond. Mrs. Sadie (Lord), So. Fair- 
lee, Vt. 

Bond, C. Freeman, Thetford, Vt. 



183 



Bond, Clinton Edgar, Thetford, Vt. 

Bond, Ernest C, Thetford, Vt. 

Bond, Emma P., Thetford, Vt. 

Bond, Frank M., Thetford, Vt. 

Bond, Mrs. Abbie (Porter), Thet- 
ford, Vt. 

Bond, Geo. W., So. Sickel St., E. 
Los Angeles, Cal. 

Bosworth, Mrs. Lora (Kingsbur}), 
Lebanon, N. H. 

Bowers, Hon. S. L., Newport, 
N. H. (deceased). 

Boyd, Mrs. E. C, W. Derry, N. H. 

Bradbury, Mrs. Amos T., box 783, 
Claremont,'N. H. 

Bradley, Arthur, Lebanon, N. H. 

Bradley, Ransom, Norwich, Vt. 

Bragg, Mary, W. Fairlee, Vt. 

Bray, Hattie, Whitefield, N. H. 

Breck, Mercy, Lyme, N. H. 

Brewster, Albert G., Jewett City, 
Conn. 

Bridgman, John D., Etna, N. H. 

Bridgman, Dr. D. A., Decatur, 111. 

Briggs, G. W., Lebanon, N. H, 

Briggs, O. T., Lebanon, N. H. 

Brigham, Chas. E., corner Fulton 
and Cross Sts., Boston, Mass. 

Brimblecom, Henry (Att'y), Woo- 
sung. 111. 

Brimblecom, Mrs. Anna (Hunting- 
ton), Woosung, 111. 

Brimblecom, Alice, Woosung, 111. 

Bronsori, Mrs. William, E. Hard- 
wick, Vt. 

Bronson, Mrs. J. C, New Lothrop, 
Mich. 

Brooks, Mrs. Mary F. (Brown), 
61 Columbus Ave., Somerville, 
Mass. 

Brown, John, Lowell, Mass. 

Brown, Angelina M., Danvers, 
Mass. 

Brown, Frank M. C, Haverhill, 
Mass. 

Brown, George B., Ipswich, Mass. 

Brown, John A., box 291, Ips- 
wich, Mass. 

Brown, Mary P., lock box 15, Ips- 
wich, Mass. 



Bryant, D. D., Madison, Wis. 
Buck, Franklin, Glencoe, Mich. 
Buck, Mrs. F., Glencoe, Mich. 
Buckland, Mrs. H. L., 129 Wilson 

St., Providence, R. I. 
Budlong, Lyman, Bowmanville, 111. 
Budlong, Mrs. Louise (Newton), 

Bowmanville, 111. 
Bugbee, Mary, Orfordville, N. H. 
Bugbee, Mrs. Alice (Titus), No. 

Springfield, Vt. 
Burbank, Mrs. Julia (Ranstead), 

44 Kilby St., Boston, Mass. 
Burbank, Wm. L., 44 Kilby St., 

Boston, Mass. 
Burnham, S. W. (U. S. Court), 

Chicago, 111. (astronomer). 
Burnham. J. H., Bloomington, 111. 
Burnham, Nathaniel, Essex, Mass. 
Burnham, Dr. Caleb, Lynn, Mass. 
Burnham, Lizzie, 631 Western 

Ave., Lynn, Mass. 
Burr, Ellen, Thetford Centre, Vt. 
Burr, Arthur, Thetford Centre, Vt. 
Burr, Clarence, Thetford Centre, 

Vt. 
Burrage, Mrs. Frances (Closson), 

Weston, Mass. 
Burrage, Mrs. Mary (Closson), 9 

Auburn St., Worcester, Mass. 
Burrage, Fannie E., Caesarea, Tur- 
key (missionary teacher). 
Butler, Rev. H. E., St. Johns, 

Mich. 
Burton, Wm. P., W. Lebanon, 

N. H. 
Butterfield, Mrs. Lettie W. (Ten- 

ney), Columbus, Wis. 

Cadwell, H. H., E. Thetford, Vt. 
Cadwell, Herbert, E. Thetford, Vt. 
Cahill, Mrs. C. S., 70 Bartlett St., 

Lowell, Mass, 
Cambridge, Chas. E., Olcott, Vt. 
Campbell, James, Pompanoosuc, 

Vt. 
Campbell, S. E., Pompanoosuc, Vt. 
Carr, Chas., Lyme, N. H. 
Carr, Florence, Orford, N. H. 
Carr, C. P., Coaticook, P. Q. 



184 

Carr, Mrs. Julia (Barnes), Coati- Chase, Prof. Thomas N., Bellows 

cook, P. Q. Falls, Vt. 

Carroll, Mrs. Josie (Babcock), No. Chase, Mrs. Mary (Tattle), Bel- 

Thetford, Vt. lows Falls, Vt. ' 

Carpenter, Mrs. Lucy, Haverhill, Chase, Mrs. Emma (Churchill), 94 

N. H. Elm St., Nashua, N. H. 

Carpenter, Mrs. Lona (Fullington), Chase, Mary, Lyme, N. H. 

Union Village, Vt. Chase, Mrs. Adna, 27 McKean 

Cartee, Myron, Wells River, Vt. St., Nashua, N. H. 

Cartee, Philip H., E. Thetford, Vt. Chase, Rev. Levi G., Concord, 

Cartee, Mary A., 32 Hammond St., N. H. 

Waltham, Mass. Cheney, A. J., Oak Park, Cook 

Carter. Mrs. Lucy, Hanover, N. H. Co., 111. 

Caswell, Mary, So. Stratford, Vt. Cheney, Miss H. J., i Circuit St., 

Caswell, Mrs. Lois (Gregory), Boston, Mass. 

Waterford, Vt. Cheney, Mrs. Lucy (Fletcher). 

Caverly, D. F., Benton, Caverly & Child, Lucy A., East Thetford, Vt. 

Co.. Boston, Mass. (deceased). 

Chamberlain, Harvey, Chicago, 111. Child, Emily A., East Thetford, 

Chamberlain, George A., Thetford, Vt. 

Vt. Child, John, Harper's Ferry, Va. 

Chamberlain, Herbert, Thetford, Child. George H., Harper's Ferry, 

Vt. Va. 

Chamberlain, Mrs. O. S., Thet- Child, J. H., Worcester, Mass. 

ford, Vt. Choat, John H., 182 Essex St., 

Chamberlain, Mrs. Kate A., Salem, Mass. 

Woodsville, N. H. Chubb, Mayor, Winter Park, Fla. 

Chamberlain, Mrs. Abbie (Smith) Chubb, Frank, 47 Gardner St., 

Grinnell, Iowa. Allston.'Mass. 

Chamberlain, Rev. J. M., Grin- Chubb, Belle, 47 Gardner St., 

nell, Iowa. AUston, Mass. 

Chamberlain, Mrs. Lucy (Smith), Churchill, Alice G., Watertown, 

279 Claremont Ave., Chicago, Mass. 

111. Churchill, Frank C, Lebanon, 

Chamberlain, Austin, Fairlee, Vt. N. H. 

Chamberlain, Will, Thetford Cen- Churchill, William A., Lebanon, 

tre, Vt. N. H. 
Chamberlain, Mrs. Cathie (Gil- Churchill, Louis Franklin, Far- 
more), Fairlee, Vt. quarville, Farquar Co., N. C. 
Chandler, Hon. WiUiam E., Wash- Clark, Perry, Union Village, Vt. 

ington, D. C. U. S. Senate. Clark, P. o'., Bridgewater, Mass. 

Chandler, Henry, Etna, N. H. Clark, Nettie, Union Village, Vt. 

Chandler, Willey E., White River Clark, George, 12 Sherman St., 

Junction, Vt. Chicago. 111. 

Chandler, Mrs. Grovener, Olcott, Clark, Thomas F., 12 Sherman St., 

Vt. Chicago, 111. 

Chandler, Mrs. Lucy I. (Lord), Clark, Mrs. Charlotte (Lougee), 

Guilford, Vt. Waterbury. Vt. 

Chase, Dr. H. W., Lawrence, Clark, W. W., Orford. N. H. 

Mass. Clark, Hazen, Strafford, Vt. 



185 



Clark, Mrs. PhebeA., Lyme, N. H. 

Clay, E. P., North Thetford, Vt. 

Clay, Mrs. Annie (Southworth), 
North Thetford, Vt. 

Clay, Mrs. Nellie, Brattleboro, Vt. 

Cleasby, Geo. T., Providence, R. I. 

Cleasby, Mrs. Myra F. (Sawyer), 
Providence, R. I. 

Clement, Charles H., San Jos6, Cal. 

Clement, Lyman H., Hotel Bella 
Vista, San Francisco, Cal. 

Clesly, Mrs. Mary (Barlow), Thom- 
asville, Ga. 

Clogston, J. H., (Dart. Coll.) Han- 
over, N. H. 

Clogston, Hugh B., Pompanoosuc, 

'vt. 

Clogston, Mrs. Alice (Lord), Pom- 
panoosuc, Vt. 
Closson, William B., Lancaster, 

Mass. 
Closson, Sarah A., Missionary 

Teacher, Caesarea, Turkey. 
Closson, Carl, Franklin, N. H. 
Closson, Rev. Josiah, New Salem, 

Mass. 
Clough, Mattie M., Vershire, Vt. 
Clough, Mrs. Amelia (Hinckley), 

Park St., Brookline, Mass. 
Clough, W. D., Norwich, Vt. 
Cloud, J. Herbert, Union Village, 

Vt. 
Cobb, Mrs. Luella (Hutchinson), 

Hanover, N. H. 
Coburn, Joshua, Lynn, Mass. 
Coburn, Mrs. Amelia (West), 

Stewartstown, N. H. 
Coburn, Samuel, Fairlee, Vt. 
Coburn, Henry A., " The Albion," 

No. 36, St. Paul, Minn. 
Cogswell, Charles B., Essex, Mass. 
Colburn, Emma F., Union Vil- 
lage, Vt. 
Colburn, Mrs. Persis (Lord), 

Union Village, Vt. 
Colburn, Arthur J., 32 Hammond 

St., Waltham, Mass. 
Colby, Hon. Ira, Claremont, N. H. 
Cole, Mrs. Susan (Jourdan), 12 

Cromwell St., Providence, R. I. 



Collins, Herbert L, Strafford, Vt. 
Collins, Charles P., White River 

Junction, Vt. 
Colony, J. T., Keene, N. H. 
Colony, George H., Keene, N. H. 
Colton, Mrs. Amy (Darling), Ver- 
shire, Vt. 
Colston, Mrs. Emily, Hartford, 

Conn. 
Conant, Prof. E., Randolph, Vt., 

State Normal School. 
Conant, Hon. C. C, Greenfield, 

Mass. 
Conant, J., No. Thetford, Vt. 
Conant, Samuel D. (Att'y), Green- 
field, Mass. 
Conant, David S., North Thetford, 

Vt. 
Conant, Sarah H., Circleville, O. 
Conland, Onie, Garden St. School, 

Pawtucket, R. L 
Conland, Jennie, Pawtucket, R. L 
Conland, Lulu, Brookfield, Vt. 
Conland, Butella, Brookfield, Vt. 
Converse, Sidney, Lyme, N. H. 
Converse, Etta, North Thetford, 

Vt. 
Converse, Mrs. Georgia (Heath), 

East Putney, Vt. 
Converse, Herbert, Claremont, 

N. H. 
Converse, Mrs. Luvia (Morrill), 

Norwich, Vt. 
Converse, Rev. W. A. C, Pier- 

mont, N. H. 
Conklin, Mrs. Jeanette (Holton), 

Springfield, 111. 
Conklin, Mrs. Emma (Knight), 

Montauk Point, L. I. 
Cook, Ella, Union Village, Vt. 
Cook, Idella, West Point, la. 
Cook, William, Fort Madison, la. 
Cook, E. C, A. B., 223 Third St., 

Louisville, Ky. 
Cook, Lyman W., Union Village, 

Vt. 
Cook, Mrs. Royal, Norwich, Vt. 
Cook, Mrs. H. G., 21 Hancock 

St., Boston, Mass. 
Coombs, John P., Boston, Mass. 



186 



Coombs, Edward, Millbury, Mass. 
Coombs, Harry E., A. B., Thet- 

ford, Vt. 
Coombs, Minnie, Thetford, Vt. 
Coombs, William S., Thetford, 

Vt. 
Coombs, Daniel, (MiddleburyColl.) 

Middlebury, Vt. 
Coombs, Herbert, Thetford, Vt. 
Coombs, Daniel S., Red Clovid, 

Neb. 
Copeland, W. P., 40 Chestnut St., 

Campello, Mass. 
Corliss, Charles, Thetford Centre, 

Vt. 
Corliss, Mrs. Jane (Howard), 20 

Mitchell Ave., Mount Vernon, 

Cincinnati, O. 
Corwin, Mrs. Dolly B., Chelsea, 

Vt. 
Cotton, S. C, Orlando, Fla. 
Coulson, Mrs. George, Danvers, 

Mass. 
Cox, Albina, Wakefield, Mass. 
Cox, Mrs. Mary A.. West Fairlee, 

Vt. 
Cox, Mrs. M. A., South Royal- 
ton, Vt. 
Cox, Lucy A., Lynnfield Centre, 

Mass. 
Crabb, Mrs. Judson, Cedartown, 

Ga. 
Craig, William, 93 Faneuil Market, 

Boston, Mass. 
Crandall, Dr. H. A., Burlington, 

Vt. 
Crane, Royal S., 62 Broadway, 

New York. 
Crosby, Mrs. Emma (Moore), 

Chatfield, Minn. 
Cross, Grace M., Vershire, Vt. 
Crazy, Mrs. M. Therese (Leonard), 

Wilmington, O. 
Cummings, Prof. W. H., M. A., 

Meriden, N. H., Prin. Kimball 

Union Academy. 
Cummings, Prin. A. C, A. B., 

Littleton, Mass. 
Cummings, H. P., North Thet- 
ford, Vt. 



Cummings, Mrs. H. P., North 
Thetford, Vt. 

Cummings, Elizabeth A., North 
Thetford, Vt. 

Cummings, Burton E., North Thet- 
ford, Vt. 

Cummings, Marshall B., North 
Thetford, Vt. 

Cummings, Charles W., Boston, 
Mass. 

Cummings, Mrs. Eliza (Moore), 
Thetford, Vt. 

Cummings, Lilla, Thetford Cen- 
tre, Vt. 

Cummings, Annie, Thetford Cen- 
tre, Vt. 

Cummings, Luella, Thetford Cen- 
tre, Vt. 

Cummings, Lizzie, Thetford, Vt. 

Cummings, Henry, Thetford, Vt. 

Cummings, Mary, Thetford, Vt. 

Cummings, James, Thetford, Vt. 

Cummings, L L., Lindhurst, N. J. 

Cummings, Harry, Lyme, N. H. 

Cunningham, Mrs. C. T., 42 Phe- 
nix Row, Haverhill, Mass. 

Currier, Mrs. Mahala (Winter), 
Boston, Mass. 

Currier, Mrs. Moody (Slade), Man- 
chester, N. H. 

Currier, Dr. Hammond, Norwich, 
Vt. 

Currier, John J., Newburyport, 
Mass. 

Currier, Mrs. Susan (Page), New- 
buryport, Mass. 

Gushing, Thomas W., 145 Dela- 
ware Ave., Buffalo, N. Y. 

Gushing, Mrs. Marcia E., Dune- 
din, Fla. 

Cutler, N. E., Wakefield, Mass. 

Cutter, John, Marlboro, Mass. 

Cutting, Dr. J. M., Quincy, 
Mass. 

Cutting, Frank, Lyme, N. H. 

Daggett, Mrs. John, Thetford Cen- 

tie, Vt. 
Dale, Hon. George N., Island 

Pond, Vt. 



187 



Damon, Miss Sarah E., Hanover, 

N. H. 
Dana, Mrs. S. E., 505 Oakland 
Ave., St. Paul, Minn. 

Dana, Charles H., West Lebanon, 
N. H. 

Darling, Mrs. Julia (Spear), Ver- 
shire, Vt. 

Davidson, Daisy, Post Mills, Vt. 

Davidson, Harry, Post Mills, Vt. 

Davidson, Bert, Amherst, Mass. 

Davis, George, Windsor, Vt. 

Davis, Chas. H., Alton Bay, N. H. 

Davis, Mrs. Fannie (Stevens), Al- 
ton Bay, N. H. 

Davis, Mrs. Jennie W., Post Mills, 
Vt. 

Davis, William, Union Village, Vt. 

Davis, George W., Farmington, 
N. H. 

Davis, Mrs. Ruby (Harding), Far- 
mington, N. H. 

Davis, Charles S., Lebanon, N. H. 

Davis, John L., Lyme, N. H. 

Davis, W. Scott, Contoocook, 
N. H. 

Dearborn, Mrs. Sylvia (Folsom), 
Chelsea, Vt. 

Dearborn, Henry, West Fairlee, 
Vt. 

Denny, Robert B., 9 Hereford St., 
Boston, Mass. 

Denny, Andrew E., Northfield, Vt. 

Dewing, H. G., Montpelier, Vt. 

Dexter, Mrs. Mary (Latham), 
Coolidge St., Brookline, Mass. 

Dimick, Mrs. Nancy (Franklin), 
Lyme, N. H. 

Dimick, Mrs. Sarah (Turner), Ran- 
dolph, Vt. 

Dimick, A. D., Wakefield, Mass. 

Dimick. Mrs. Mary (Marshall), 
Bowling Green, O. 

Dimick. F. E., 10 Tremont St., 
Boston, Mass. 

Dimond, Ethan, Vershire, Vt. 

Dimond, Mrs. Ethan, Vershire, Vt. 

Dodge, Kate L., Post Mills, Vt. 

Dodge, Frances L., Post Mills, Vt. 

Dodge, Wm. A., Post Mills, Vt. 



Dodge, Mrs. Frances (Niles), Post 

Mills, Vt. 
Dodge, Mrs. Martha (Ladd), Post 

Mills, Vt. 
Dodge, Burton, Post Mills, Vt. 
Dodge, Edward N., Post Mills, Vt. 
Dodge, Wm. O., 518 Washington 

St., Boston, Mass. 
Dodge, R. F., Windham, Mass. 
Dodge, Dr. S. D., 203 East 4th 

St., Little Rock, Ark. 
Dole, Mrs. Eliza J. (Andrews), 

30 West Emerson St., Melrose, 

Mass. 
Dole, George H., Haverhill, N. H. 
Doolittle, Mrs. Fannie (Clough), 

Strafford, Vt. 
Doolittle, Sophia, South Straf- 
ford, Vt. 
Douglas, Etta, Post Mills, Vt. 
Douglas, Alice M., Post Mills, Vt. 
Douglas, Lizzie A., Post Mills, Vt. 
Douglas, Chas., Post Mills, Vt. 
Douglas, Mrs. Mary (Wilmot), 

Post Mills, Vt. 
Douglas, Dr. E. P., 82 Thames 

St., Groton, Conn. 
Douglas, Arthur L., Norwich, Vt. 
Douglass, Rev. W. E., Waitsfield, 

Vt. 
Dow, C. B., Etna, N. H. 
Dow, Mrs. C. B., Etna, N. H. 
Dow, C. Byron, Etna (Hanover), 

N. H. 
Dow, Mrs. H. H., Santa Monica, 

Cal. 
Dow, Mrs. Mary Ann, Santa 

Monica, Cal. 
Downer, Henry, North Thetford, 

Vt. 
Downer, Mrs. Lucinda (Stevens), 

North Thetford, Vt. 
Downer, Mary, North Thetford, 

Vt. 
Downer, Hattie, North Thetford, 

Vt. 
Downer, Abbie L, North Thetford, 

Vt. 
Downer, Alice, Lebanon, N. H. 
Downer, Susan, Lebanon, N. H. 



188 



Duncan, Mrs. Emma (Perkins), 

Allston, Mass. 
Durkee, Elsie, Lowell, Mass. 
Durkee. Prof. H. O., Minneapolis, 

Minn. 

Eames, Henry D., 614 Bedford 

Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Earle, Mrs. A. (Cummings), 

North Thetford, Vt. 
Earle, Clara E., North Thetford, 

Vt. 
Earle, Julia A., North Thetford, 

Vt. 
Earle, Fred C, Lexington, Mass. 
Earle, Byron C, Chicago, 111. 
Earle, Willis, 51 Paul's School, 

Garden City, L. L 
Eastman, Eliza D., Post Mills, Vt. 
Eastman, Chas. F., Littleton, 

N. H. 
Eastman, Frances, Northfield, 

Minn. 
Eastman, Mrs. Lucy (Putnam), 6 

East 70th St., New York City. 
Eastman, Mrs. Lilla (Clogston), 

Pompanoosuc, Vt. 
Eaton, Gen. John, Ph. D., LL. D., 

"The Concord," Washington, 

D. C. 
Eaton, Hon. L. B., Memphis, 

Tenn. 
Eaton, Frank J., Vershire, Vt. 
Egerton, J. H., Northfield, Vt. 
Egerton, Chas. B., Rock wood, O. 
Ela, Mrs. Lizzie, Lebanon, N. H. 
Ellis, G. L., Union Village, Vt. 
EUis, Mrs. C. F., Belleville, 111. 
Elmer, Mrs. Clara (Taylor), Thet- 
ford, Vt. 
Elmer, Henry, So. Lunenburg, Vt. 
Emerson, Cyril, E. Thetford, Vt. 
Emerson, Charles C, E. Thetford, 

Vt. 
Emerson, Maud, E. Thetford, Vt. 
Emerson, Carl A., E. Thetford, Vt. 
Emerson, Fred. No. Thetford, Vt. 
Emerson, George, Thetford, Vt. 
Emerson, Mrs. Jenny (Berry), 

Thetford, Vt. 



Emerson, Leonard B., Thetford, 

Vt. 
Emerson, John H., Danbury, N.H. 
Emery, Leroy, Lyme, N. H. 
Emery, Ben, Lyme, N. H. 
Estabrook, Fidelia M., W. Dover. 

N. H. 

Fairfield, Payson E. Lyme, N. H. 
Fairfield, Mrs. Carrie (Churchill), 

Lyme, N. H. 
Fayles, Mrs. Alice (Taylor), St. 

Johnsbury. Vt. 
Fayles, Mrs. Sarah A. (Wheelock), 

Milford, Mass. 
Farnsworth, Rev. Wilson, D. D., 

Caesarea, Turkey (missionary). 
Farnsworth, Mrs. Carrie (Palmer), 

Caesarea, Turkey (missionary). 
Farnham, Henry H., Copperfield, 

Vt. 
Farnham, Alice B., Copperfield, 

Vt. 
Farr, Edward P., Pierre, S. D. 
Farr, John, Jr., Orlando, Fla. 
Farr, Capt. George, Littleton, N.H. 
Farr, Mrs. Nellie (Burpee), Little- 
ton, N. H. 
Fay, Mrs. Samantha (Eastman), 

Ouechee, Vt. 
Fay, Mrs. Prescott, Ouechee, Vt. 
Fay, James, Chicago, 111. 
Fay, Martha, Westboro, Mass. 
Felton, D. H., Peabody, Mass. 
Field, Dr. A. E., Barre, Vt. 
Field, Mrs. Josephine (Wilmot), 

Hanover, N. H. 
Fifield, Mrs. Clifford, Lake Ave., 

Manchester, N. H. 
Fifield, J. C, corner Manchester 

and Pine Sts., Manchester, N. H. 
Fish, Mrs. Eliza (Lyman), So. 

Royalton, Vt. 
Fitch, Dr. H. H., Pekin. 111. 
Fitch, Anna, 161 3 Compton Ave., 

St. Louis, Mo. 
Fitch, Dr. Leonard, W. Newton, 

Mass. 
Fitch, Mrs. Julia A., No. Thet- 
ford, Vt. 



189 



Flanders, Ernest L., Lvme Center, 

N. H. 
Flanders, C, Canaan, N. H. 
Fletcher, Margaret, Thetford, Vt. 
Fletcher, Kate, Northampton, 

Mass. 
Fletcher, Dr. Fred, Bradford, Vt. 
Fletcher, Chas. B., 29 Hanover 

St., Manchester, N. H. 
Fletcher, Julia, 379 Walnut Ave., 

Roxbury, Mass. 
Fletcher, E. Mabel, 42 Phoenix 

Row, Haverhill, Mass. 
Fletcher, Mrs. Frances L. (Kend- 

rick), 967 Alice St., Oakland, 

Cal. 
Folsom, Miss Hannah, Tun- 
bridge, Vt. 
Foote, Mrs. Elias, W. Lebanon, 

N. H. 
Foot, T. B., Lyme, N. H. 
Foster, Henry J., Hanover, N. H. 
Foster, Mrs. Julia F., Cincinnati, 

Ohio. 
Foss, Chas. O., Bridgewater, N. S. 
Foss, Mrs. Abbie (Holbrook), 

Bridgewater, N. S. 
Fowle, Mrs. Carrie (Farnsworth), 

Caeserea, Turkey (missionary). 
Franklin, A. B., W. Lebanon, 

N. H. 
Franklin, Kate, 573 Euclid Ave., 

Cleveland, O. 
Freeman, Andrew J., 1208 Ve- 
netian Building, 34 Washington 

St., Chicago, 111. 
French, H. S., Northfield, Minn. 
French, Mrs. Maria J., Appleton, 

Wis. 
French, Mrs. Ellen, Maxwell, la. 
Frost, Mrs. Lucena (Lord), Arling- 
ton, Mass. 
Frost, Dr. Carlton P., Hanover, 

N. H. 
Frost, Mrs. Eliza A. (DuBois), 

Hanover, N. H. 
Frost, Eugene, Hanover Center, 

N. H. 
Fuller, John M., Hanover, N. H. 
Fuller, Cyrus, Vershire, Vt. 



Fuller, Clara, Vershire, Vt. 

Fuller, Prof. A. L., 45 Wilber St., 
Cleveland, Ohio. 

Fuller, Mrs. Julia (Turner), Cleve- 
land, Ohio. 

Fullington, Eba M., Union Village, 
Vt. 

Fullington, Harvey, Hanover, 
N. H. 

Fulton, Mary E., Bradford, Vt. 

Tyler, Mrs. Matilda (Kendall), 
Strafford, Vt. 

Gaffield, Mrs. William, South Fair- 
lee, Vt. 

Gaffield, Abbie, Bradford, Vt. 

Gaffield, Mrs. Mary (Coburn), 
Fairlee, Vt. 

Gardner, Rev. George W., D. D., 
New London, N. H. (deceased). 

Gardner, Ned., Orford, N. H. 

Garey, Fred, Thetford, Vt. 

Garey, Mrs. Maria (Slade), Thet- 
ford, Vt. 

Garey, Marjorie E., Thetford, Vt. 

Garey, George E., Thetford, Vt. 

Garey, Mrs. Anna (Baker), Thet- 
ford, Vt. 

Garey, Mabel, Thetford, Vt. 

Garey, Joseph, Thetford, Vt. 

Garey, Mrs. (Fletcher), Thetford, 
Vt. 

Garey, Lored, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Garey, Mrs. Ida (Kent), Lyme, 
N. H. 

George, E. P., West Fairlee, Vt. 

George, E. P., Jr., West Fairlee, 
Vt. 

George, Lena A., West Fairlee, 
Vt. 

George, Mrs. Clara (Allbee), South 
Fairlee, Vt. 

George, C. F., Elk River, Minn. 

George, Austin, Barre, Vt. 

George, M. Helen, Pittsfield, N. H. 

George, Florence H., Barnstead, 
N. H. 

Gerrish, Dr. Alfred, Lowell, Ind. 

Gerrv, Mrs. Sophie (Elmer), Thet- 
ford, Vt. 



190 

Gibbs, Charles, St. Johnsbury, Vt. Greenleaf, Henry F., 27 Kilby St., 
Gillett, Dr. H. H., Post Mills, Vt. Boston, Mass. 

Gillett, Louise M., 36 Hanson St., Grey, Mrs. Estelle (Craig), Post- 
Boston, Mass. ville, Iowa. 

Gillett, Hannah E., Cleveland, Griggs, Mrs. Julia (Closson), Lan- 

Ohio. caster, Mass. 

Gillett, G. C, Ouincy, 111. Griswold, Rev. J. B., South Man- 
Gillett, Mrs. G. C, Quincy, 111. Chester, Conn. 

Gilleth, Mrs. A. R., Lancaster, Gustin, Walter S., Union Village, 

Mass. Vt. 
Gilman, Mrs. Ada (Turner), Mon- 
tague City, Mass. Hale, Mrs. C. L. (Lunt), 3032 So. 
Gilson, Mrs. John, Carson City, Park Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Nevada. Hadley, Mabel E., Newbury, Vt. 

Gilkey, Rose H., South Strafford, Hall, Mrs. Emeline (Clogstone), 

Vt. Lebanon, N. H. 

Gleason, Hon. S. M., Thetford Hall, Mrs. N. D. (Tolman), Leb- 

Centre, Vt. anon, N. H. 

Gleason, Harriet, Union Village, Hall, Dr. Henry M., Philadelphia, 

Vt. Pa. 

Goddard, Henry, Norwich, Vt. Hanson, John, A. B., Warren, 
Goodell, Levi O., Lyme, N. H. Ohio. 

Goodhue, E. W., Williamsburg, Hanson, Dr., Northwood, N. H. 

Mass. Hanson, Alonzo, Lebanon, N. H. 

Goodwin, A. L., So. Woodstock, Harding, Rev. Wilber, Copper- 
Conn, field, Vt. 

Gordan, Emma, Maynard, Mass. Harding, S. C, Copperfield, Vt. 

Goold, Mrs. Mary (Orcutt), W. Harding, W. J., Copperfield, Vt. 

Lebanon, N. H. Harding, John S., Wells River, 
Gould, Mrs. Sarah (Fayerweather), Vt. 

Westboro', Mass. Hardy, Dr. Hiram T., Kaneville, 
Goulding, Frank P., Worcester, Kane Co., 111. 

Mass. Harlow, Mrs. Benjamin, Meriden, 
Gove, Mrs. Lizzie (Huntington), N. H. 

West Fairlee, Vt. Harris, Eugene, Insane Asylum, 
Gove, Mrs. Julia (Abbott), 28 Concord, N. H. 

Warland street, Cambridgeport, Hatch, Royal A., Strafford, Vt. 

Mass. Hatch, Henry L., Straftbrd, Vt. 

Graham, Fred, Lyme, N. H. Hawes, Mrs. L. S., Cheyene, Wy. 

Grant, W. O., Chicago, 111. Hayes, Mrs. Addie (Luce), Dur- 
Grant, John, Lyme, N. H. ham, N. H. 

Grant, A. D., Lyme, N. H. Hazeltine, Dr. D. W., Springfield, 
Grant, Mrs. Phebe (Whipple), Vt. 

Lyme, N. H. Hazeltine, Harry B., White River 
Grassfield, Mrs. Addie (Garey), Junction, Vt. 

Marion, Iowa. Hazelton, Wm. C, Straftbrd, Vt. 

Graves, Galen A., Ackley, Iowa. Hazelton, Harvey, Strafford, Vt. 

Green, Dora A., Hall St., Concord, Hazen, Charles, Cambridge, Mass. 

N. H. Hazen, Edward, Norwich, Vt. 

Greene, Dr. Edwin, Pierre, S. D. Hazen, Dr. Allen, Hartland, Vt. 



191 

Hazen, Frances M., South Hadley, Holt, Mrs. Martha, Lyme, N. H. 

Mass. Holton, Mrs. Cornelia (Lougee), 
Head, Oman, Ouechee, Vt. Waterbury, Vt. 

Head, Mrs. Eliza A. (Clement), Holton, Mrs. Esther (Tenny), 

Peralta, P. O., Berkley, Cal. Acto, N. J. 

Heath, Otis E., Palatka, Fla. Holton, Henry, Waterbury, Vt. 

Heath, Joseph, Albany, Vt. Hood, J. T., 66 Nassau St., New 
Heath, Mrs. Lavinia (Pulsifer), York City. 

Brattleboro, Vt. Hood, Hon. Gilbert E., Lawrence, 
Heaton, E. M., Post Mills, Vt. Mass. 

Heaton, Martha, Adams St., Hood, Eliza P., 33 Bartlett St., 

Quincy, Mass. Boston, Mass. 

Heaton, Mary, 32 Hanson St. Hosford, J. Tracy, North Thet- 

Boston, Mass. ford, Vt. 

Henry, Chas., East Thetford, Vt. Hosford, Clarence K., North 
Henry, Helen, East Thetford, Vt. Thetford, Vt. 

Henry, Mrs. Lizzie (Emory), North Hosford, Chas. H., Monroe, N. H. 

Thetford, Vt. Hosford, J. Newton, Terre Haute, 
Herbert, C. W., Rumney Depot, Ind. 

N. H. Hosford, W. T., Cheyenne, Wy. 

Herrick, Geo. E., Lynnfield Cen- Hosmer, Mrs. Jennie E. (Axtall), 

tre, Mass. Somerville, Mass. 

Herrick, J. E., West Peabody, Hovey, Gen. Chas. E., 125 Indi- 

Mass. ana Ave., Washington, D. C. 

Hersey, Capt. Albert J., Man- Hovey, Mrs. Frank, Ipswich, 

Chester, la. Mass. 

Hewes, Dr. Frank, Strafford, Vt. Hovey, Amos, Bristol Springs, 
Hewitt, Persis D., St. Johnsbury, N. Y. 

Vt. Hovey, Rev. Alvah H., Newton 
Hewitt, Mrs. Persis D., North Centre, Mass. 

Pomfret, Vt. Howard, Judge H. H., North 
Hill, Leta L., Thetford, Vt. Lawrence, Kan. 

Hinds, Mrs. Mary (Bond), Nor- Howard, D. T., North Thetford, 

wich, Vt. Vt. 

Hinckley, Chas. M., 6 Baldwin Howard, R. S., North Thetford, 

St., Charlestown, Mass. Vt. 

Hobart, Nellie Phelps, Lyme, Howard, Frederick Tavlor, North 

N. H. Thetford, Vt. 

Holbrook, Abby, Bradford, Vt. Howard, Dr. A. H., Georgetown, 
Holbrook, Mrs. Sara, Dubois, 111. Mass. 

Holbrook, Hattie, Penacook, N. H. Howe, W. L., 96 River St., Cam- 
Holbrook, Dr. Henry, Penacook, bridgeport, Mass. 

N. H. Howe, Eugene, North Thetford, 
Holbrook, Mrs. Lydia (Smith), Vt. 

Post Mills, Vt. Howe, Mrs. Minnie, North Thet- 
Hollis, Geo. H., Allston, Mass. ford, Vt. 

Holmes, Arthur G., Thetford Cen- Howe, Mary J., North Thetford, 

tre, Vt. Vt. 

Holt, Mrs. Emma (Barnes), North Howe, M. M. (Winslow), North 

Thetford, Vt. Thetford, Vt. 



192 

Howe, A. B., Hudson, Mass. Jackson, D. L., Canton, N. Y. 

Howe, J. W., Esq., 43 Wall St., Jaquith, A. W., No. Thetford, Vt. 

New York, N. Y. Jaquith, Mrs. Annie (Baxter), 
Hoyt, Ira, San Mateo, Cal. North Thetford, Vt. 
Hubbard, Mrs. Abbie (Hemin- Jaquith, C. A., Dartmouth Col- 
way), Fitchburg, Mass. lege, Hanover, N. H. 
Hubbard, Louise S., Chai'lestown, Jenks, Alice, Union Village, Vt. 

N. H. Jenks, Edward A., Esq., Con- 
Hudson, J. W., Peabody, Mass. cord, N. H. 
Huntington, Mrs. Jane (Shaw), Jenks, A. B., 42 North St., Bos- 

Eau Clare, Wis. ton, Mass. 

Huntington, George, 112 Center Jenkins, Mrs. Hugh Preston, 

Ave., Chicago, 111. Jackson Co., Iowa. 

Huntington, A. C. A., Cedartown, Jewett, Mrs. Lizzie (Vaughan), 28 

Ga. Grove St., Worcester, Mass. 

Huntington, Jennie, Hamilton, Jewett, Mrs. E. H. (Bates), St. 

N. D. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Hurlbert, Rev. Calvin B., Zanes- Jewett, Hon. Henry M., U. S. 

ville, O. Consul, Sivas, Turkey. 
Hurlbert, Mrs., Zanesville, O. Johnson, Mrs. M. M. (Kesiah 
Huse, Mrs. Helen (Clement), 249 Johnson), Pension Office, Wash- 
Dearborn Ave , Chicago, 111. ington, D. C. 
Hutchinson, William, Norwich, Vt. Johnson, Mrs. Ella (Barrett), Cop- 
Hutchinson, Mrs. William, Nor- perfield, Vt. 

wich, Vt. Johnson, Sedgwick, Copperfield, 

Hutchinson, Mrs. Ellen (May), Vt. 

West Concord, Vt. Johnson, Henry, North Thetford, 

Hutchinson, Eliza, Norwich, Vt. Vt. 

Hutchinson, Mrs. Parthenia (Blod- Johnson, Mrs. Lucinda (Dear- 

gett), Norwich, Vt. born). North Thetford, Vt. 

Hutchinson, Mrs. Samuel, Nor- Johnson, Mrs. Mary (Smith), 

wich, Vt. Bradford, Vt. 

Hutchinson, J. W., Norwich, Vt. Johnson, Mrs. David, Norwich, 

Hutchinson, Mrs. E. A. (Barron), Vt. 

Norwich, Vt. Johnson, Lucian, Norwich, Vt. 

Hutchinson, H. E., Norwich, Vt. Johnson, Mrs. Lucian, Norwich, 

Hutchinson, Wm. H., Norwich, Vt. Vt. 

Hubbard, C. F., Charlestown, Johnson, Mrs. Maud (Cunning- 

N. H. ham), West Fairlee, Vt. 

Hutchinson, Franklin, Manitou, Johnson, Jack D., Norwich, Vt. 

Col. Johnson, Irwin, Norwich, Vt. 

Hutchinson, Rev. Dr. Chas., 261 Johnson, Mrs. Addie (Waterman), 

Oak St., New Albany, Ind. Norwich, Vt. 

Husted, Mrs. E. M., Roodhouse, Johnson, Henry J., New York, 

111. N. Y. 

Hyde, Curtis, Strafford, Vt. Johnson, Mrs. Ellen M. (Cum- 

mings), Everett, Mass. 

Illsley, Alice M., Randolph, Vt. Johnson, Mrs. U. B. (Susie B. 

Illsley, Effie B., Union Village, Vt. Leland), 7 Academy St., Cleve- 

Illsley, Ella M., Union Village, Vt. land, Ohio. 



193 



Jones, Mrs. Octavia (Howard), 
Hastings, Neb. 

Jones, Lionel, East Thetford, Vt. 

Jones, Farr, East Thetford, Vt. 

Jones, Austin, Manchester, N. H. 

Jourdan, Mrs. Fred (Nancy 
Eames), Grafton, Mass. 

Joyslin, Rev. Wm. R., Center- 
ville, Mass. 

Judd, Mrs. Fannie (Powell), South 
Strafford, Vt. 

Judd, Mrs. Betsey, South Straf- 
ford, Vt. 

Kendall, Warren, Pompanoosuc, 
Vt. 

Kendall, Fannie E., South Straf- 
ford, Vt. 

Kendall, James O., South Straf- 
ford, Vt. 

Kendall, Carry, Athol, Mass. 

Kendrick, Addison, Lebanon, 
N. H. 

Kenison, Vertner, Yale College, 
New Haven, Conn. 

Kemp, Helen Gertrude, Hall St., 
Concord, N. H. 

Ketcham, Mrs. Helen Scott, Cher- 
ryvale, Kansas. 

Keyes, George, 224 Roxbury St., 
Roxbury, Mass. 

Kibbee, Mrs. Amelia (Morey), 
Fairlee, Vt. 

Kibbee, Charles E., Thetford Cen- 
tre, Vt. 

Kibbee, Fred, Thetford Centre, Vt. 

Kidder, Mrs. W. W. (Maria 
Palmer), Lincoln, Mass. 

King, Mrs. Francis J. (Nutting), 
Rogers Park, Chicago, 111. 

King, Elsie, Lyme, N. H. 

Kingsbury, Mrs. Emeline D. 
(Tenny), Star, Mills Co., Texas. 

Kinney, Gertrude, Lebanon, N. H. 

Kinney, Mabel, Lebanon, N. H. 

Kinney, J. Royal, Plainfield, Vt. 

Kinney, Fannie, Pompanoosuc, Vt. 

Kinney, Lucinda, Pompanoosuc, 
Vt. 

Kinney, Niram, Pompanoosuc, Vt. 
13 



Kinney, Mrs. Louise (Rugg), Thet- 
ford, Vt. 

Kinney, Phineas C, Cambridge, 
Mass. 

Kinney, Alice, Thetford, Vt. 

Kinney, Mabel, Thetford, Vt. 

Kinney, George E., A. B., Theo. 
Sem., Hartford, Conn. 

Kimball, Mrs. N. N., West Fair- 
lee, Vt. 

Kimball, John N., W. Fairlee, Vt. 

Kimball, Mrs. Kate (May), West 
Fairlee, Vt. 

Kimball, George W., Greenwood, 
Mass. 

Kinsman, Charles C, Olcott, Vt. 

Kinsman, Geo. O., Oxford, Mich. 

Kinsman, John, North Thetford, 
Vt. 

Kinsman, Minnie L, North Thet- 
ford, Vt. 

Kinsman, Annette H., North Thet- 
ford, Vt. 

Knight, Geo. W., Post Mills, Vt. 

Knight, Mrs. Salome (Gilman), 
Post Mills, Vt. 

Knight, Edwin, Nashua, N. H. 

Knowles, Carrie, Westfield, Mass. 

Knowles, Hallie, Westfield, Mass. 

Knowles, Mrs. Lucy (Burnham)» 
Union Village, Vt. 

Ladd, Arline (University of Ver- 
mont), 35 Colchester Ave., 
Burlington, Vt. 

Ladd, Lieut. E. F., Fort Robin- 
son, Neb. 

Ladd, Mary, North Thetford, Vt. 

Lancaster, Edward M., 803 Shaw- 
mut Ave., Boston, Mass. 

Lane, Mrs. Amelia (Kimball), 
Chester St., Maiden, Mass. 

Lane, Mrs. Julia F., Whitefield, 
N. H. 

Lambert, George W., Lyme, N.H. 

Lambert, R. N.. Lyme, N. H. 

Lapont, Augustine, Montague City, 
Mass. 

Latham, Dr. W. H., Indianapolis, 
Ind. 



194 



Latham, E. P., Naseca, Minn. 

Latham, A. R. A., White River 
Junction, Vt. 

Latham, Arthur, Akron, Ohio. 

Latham, Miss L. J., Akron, Ohio. 

Latham, Henry M., Lancaster, 
Mass. (deceased). 

Latham, A. L., Lancaster, Mass. 

Latham, Charles H., Lancaster, 
Mass. 

Latham, M. J., Lancaster, Mass. 

Latham, Allen, Lancaster, Mass. 

Latham, W. H., 49 Gardner St., 
AUston, Mass. 

Latham, Dr. H., 2169 West St., 
Oakland, Cal. 

Latham, Dr. Alden C, So. Royal- 
ton, Vt. 

Latham, A. C. A., Central, Mo. 

Lathrop, Mrs. Mary Brewster. 

Lawton, John P., Hartland, Vt. 

Leach, Judo;e William B., Minne- 
apolis, Minn. 

Leavitt, Mrs. Mary (Clement), Ho- 
tel Bella Vista, care of L. H. 
Clement, San Francisco, Cal., 
National Lecturer, W. C. T. U. 

Lefavour, Mrs. J. H., East Brook- 
field, Mass., care of Parmenter 
Manufacturing Co. 

Leslie, Mrs. Anna (Smith), Wells 
River, Vt. 

Lewis, Mrs. Charlotte C, Little- 
ton, N. H. 

Lincoln, Mrs. Fanny (Hatch), 232 
La Salle Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Lindsey, Mrs. Emma (Sherman), 
Warren, Warren Co., Pa. 

Linsley, Mrs. Kate (Conant), 
Northford, Conn. 

Linsley, Eleanor B., Northford, 
Conn. 

Linsley, Arthur, Northford, Conn. 

Little, Sherman, Webster, N. H. 

Little, Eveline, Webster, N. H. 

Littlefield, Mrs. Sarah (Bragg), 
New London, N. H. 

Long, Mrs. Sarah (Baker), Fairlee, 
Vt. 

Long, Emily Davis, Fairlee, Vt. 



Lord, Eliza W., Smith College, 

Northampton, Mass. 
Lord, JohnG., North Thetford, Vt. 
Lord, Fred, North Thetford, Vt. 
Lord, Lucius A., North Thetford, 

Vt. 
Lord, J. Brown, Boston, Mass. 
Lord, John F., Sloan, Woodbury 

Co., Iowa. 
Lord, Rev. S. J. M., Weymouth, 

Mass. 
Lord, Rev. Amasa C, Somonauk, 

111. 
Lord, Mrs. Grace E., Somonauk, 

III. 
Lord, Francis A., Union Village, 

Vt. 
Lord, Ellen M., Union Village, Vt. 
Lord, Mrs. Mills, Union Village, Vt. 
Lord, Erwin, Union Village, Vt. 
Lord, Ed, Union Village, Vt. 
Loveland, William I., East Sagi- 
naw, Saginaw Co., Mich. 
Loveland, R. S., Norwich, Vt. 
Loveland, Mrs. R. S. , Norwich, Vt. 
Loveland, Aaron, Norwich, Vt. 
Loveland, Mrs. Aaron, Norwich, 

Vt. 
Loveland, Mrs. Laura (Goodell), 

Norwich, Vt. 
Loveland, Charles, Norwich, Vt. 
Loveland, John W., Norwich, Vt. 
Loveland, David A., Norwich, Vt. 
Loveland, Sophia F., Norwich, Vt. 
Low, Mrs. Elizabeth (Niles), 1328 

Corcoran St., Washington, D.C. 
Lucas, Charles, Thetford Centre, 

Vt. 
Lucas, CarlF., Thetford Centre, Vt. 
Lufkin, Mrs. Geniveve (Wilmot), 

Thetford, Vt. 
Lufkin, Albert, Essex, Mass. 
Lurvey, OrphiaM. (Lowell), Pigeon 

Cove, Mass. 
Lvon, Mrs. Cora (Adams), East 
'Bethel, Vt. 

Mallory, Grace A., Scituate, Mass. 
Mansfield, J. S., 345 9th Ave., 
Milwaukee, Wis. 



195 



Manson, Frank, Piermont, N. H. 

Marsh, Rev. David D., Unionville, 
Conn. 

Marsh, Fanny, Claremont, N. H. 

Marsh, Caleb, Lynn, Mass. 

Marsh, George E., Ireson Ave., 
Lynn, Mass. 

Martin, Mrs. Syhnda (Seaver), 
Union Village, Vt. 

Martin, D. Lee, Union Village, 
Vt. 

Martin, Linn L, Pompanoosuc, 
Vt. 

Mason, Mrs. S. W., 105 Wash- 
ington Ave., Chelsea, Mass. 

Mason, Mrs. Mary E., (Worces- 
ter), Muscogee, Indian Ter. 

Mason, Orlando, Winchendon, 
Mass. 

Mason, Dr. R. Osgood, 348 West 
58th St., New York City. 

Matthews, Herman P., Canton, 
N. Y. 

Matthews, Mrs. H. P., Canton, 
N. Y. 

Matthews, Alfred E., 222 Federal 
St., Boston, Mass. 

May, Julia F., Graniteville, Mass. 

May, Dr. George E., Newton Cen- 
tre, Mass. 

May, Julia (Plymouth Church 
Choir), Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Maynard, Daniel H., Samoset 
House, Plymouth, Mass. 

McArthur, Mrs. Sophie (Jones), 
Hartland, Vt. 

McCaskill, D. A., 168 Union Ave., 
Montreal, P. O. 

McCrillis, Myrtie, South Strafford, 
Vt., 

McDuffee, Edith M., Thetford, Vt. 

McDuffee, Jennie M., Thetford, 
Vt. 

Mclndoe, George I. (Dartmouth 
College), Hanover, N. H. 

Mclndoe, Ada L., Fairlee, Vt. 

McMqster, Carrie L., South Straf- 
ford, Vt. . 

McMaster, Mrs. Nellie (Stevens), 
North Thetford, Vt. 



McKay, Mrs. E. DeCost (Susan 
White), 253 West 42d St., New 
York City. 

Melendy, Lester L., South Fairlee, 
Vt. 

Melvin, Mrs. Mary A. (Warren), 
Lyme, N. H. 

Merrill, Henry, Littleton, N. H. 

Messenger, Mrs. Sarah (Hazen), 
Norwich, Vt. 

Messer, Mrs. P. E. (Bond), Roch- 
ester, Vt. 

Messer, W. H., Thetford Centre, 
Vt. 

Messer, Lydia, Thetford Centre, 
Vt. 

Messer, Fred, Fairlee. Vt. 

Miller, Harris W., West Fairlee, 
Vt. 

Montague, D. F., A. B. (Tufts 
College), 9 Tremont Place, Bos- 
ton, Mass. 

Montgomery, Henry, 1928 Elev- 
enth St., Superintendent Public 
Instruction, Washington, D. C. 

Moore, Frank G., Post Mills, 
Vt. 

Moore, Frank, Post Mills, Vt. 

Moore, Presby W., Huron Lake, 
Minn. 

Moore, James, Wykoff, Minn. 

Moore, Charles, Red Lake, Minn. 

Moore, John, Thetford, Vt. 

Moore, Mary Kate, Thetford, Vt. 

Morey, Mrs. May (Childs), Post 
Mills, Vt. 

Morey, Benjamin D., West Fairlee, 
Vt. 

Morey, Mrs. Wm., 13 Methuen 
St., Lowell, Mass. 

Morgan, Helen. Enfield, N. H. 

Morrill, Hon. Justin S., Strafford. 
Vt., U. S. Senate, Washington, 
D. C. 

Morrill, Judge Henry A., 168^ 
Walnut St., Professor in Cin- 
cinnati Law School, Ohio. 

Morrill, James, Claremont, N. H. 

Morrill, Mrs. James, Claremont, 
N. H. 



196 



Morrill, Geo. F., 107 East Carey 
St., Richmond, Va. 

Morris, Emma, Lebanon, N. H. 

Morrison, Mattie E., Exeter, N.H. 

Morse, William W., Leavenworth, 
Kan. 

Morse, Joseph T., Denmark, Iowa, 

Morse, Ernest, Riverton, N. H. 

Morse, Sidney, Union Village, Vt. 

Morse, Mrs. Emma S., Union Vil- 
lage, Vt. 

Morse, Rev. Charles, Brookfield, 
Vt. 

Morse, Mrs. Frances (Kimball), 
149 Willow St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Morton, Mrs. Jos. (Sarah Heath), 
Wakefield, Mass. 

Moulton, ChaunceyC, Thetford, 
Vt. 

Mousley, W. H., Theological Sem- 
inary, Bangor, Me. 

Mousley, Mrs. Mary Nickerson, 
Lyme, N. H. ' 

Moynahan, Mrs. Alice E. (Berry), 
Cambridge, Mass., care of Mr. 
Moynahan, Quincy Sq'r Stable. 

Muchmore, Mrs. Merceline (Em- 
erson), Lebanon, N. H. 

Munn, James, Evanston, 111. 

Munn, Benj. M., Attorney, 81 Clark 
St., Chicago, 111. 

Munn, Dan, Attorney, 408 Ta- 
coma Building Chicago, .111. 

Murfey, Mrs. J. A., North Thet- 
ford, Vt. 
Murfey, J. C, Cleveland, Ohio, 

Todd, Stambaugh & Co. 
Murfey, E. L., Quaker Mills Co., 

Ravenna, Ohio. 
Murray, Mrs. G. W., East Canaan, 

N. H. 
Murray, Jennie F., East Canaan, 
N. H. 

Nelson, Sherman, Georgetown, 
Mass. 

Nesbitt, George, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Newcomb, Rev. Homer S., Pat- 
terson, N. Y. 

Newcomb, Anna, Thetford, Vt. 



Newcomb, S. D., Lyndonville, 

Vt. 
Newcomb, Rush F., Union Vil- 
lage, Vt. 
Newton, Tyler, Olcott, Vt. 
Newton, George, Hartford, Vt. 
Newton, Norman, Hartford, Vt. 
Newton, Mrs. Norman, Hartford» 

Vt. 
Newton, Mrs. Myron, Providence, 

R. I. 
Niles, Mrs. C. (Gillett), Post Mills, 

Vt. 
Mills, Mrs. Harriet F. (Wright), 

Orfordville, N. H. 
Niles, Samuel D., Atlanta, Ga. 
Niles, Jeanette R., Santa Monica, 

Cal. 
Niles, Henry F., Irontown, Ohio. 
Niles, William W., 11 Wall St., 

New York City. 
Nims, Dr. Edward B., Insane 

Asylum, Northampton, Mass. 
Norris, Charles, 1677 Washington 

St., Boston, Mass. 
Norris, Phila, 1677 Washington 

St., Boston, Mass. 
Norris, Ziba, 1677 Washington 

St., Boston, Mass. 
Norton, Rev. Edward, Quincy, 

Mass. 
Nowland, Edith L., South Straf- 
ford, Vt. 
Noyes, W. J., Americus, Ga. 
Noyes, Mrs. H. H., 210 Milford 

St., West Manchester, N. H. 
Nutting, Dr. William, 3 Cambridge 

St., Boston, Mass. 
Nutting, Victor P., Winchester, 

N. H. 

Osborn, Franklin, Peabody, Mass. 
O.sgood, Mrs. Mary C, Essex, 
Mass. 

Page, Henry, Fitchburg, Mass. 
Page, Mrs. Samuel ( — Sanborn), 

Wells River, Vt, 
Page, Belle, Wells River, Vt. 
Page, Mary, Wells River, Vt. 



197 



Page, Mrs. Ellen (Farr), Haver- 
hill, N. H. 

Page, Mrs. B. F., Littleton, N. H. 

Paine, Mrs. A. W., Fairlee, Vt 

Paine, Mrs. Abbie (Folsom), So. 
Randolph, Vt. 

Palmer, Rev. William S., D. D., 
Norwichtown, Conn. 

Palmer, Mrs. Fannie P. (Wal- 
bridge), Norwichtown, Conn. 

Palmer, Arthur B., North Thet- 
ford, Vt. 

Palmer, Abbie, North Thetford, Vt. 

Palmer, Rev. A. B., Saratoga, Cal. 

Palmer, Wilson, Editor, Floral 
Park, L. I. 

Palmer, Alanson, 591 Madison St., 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Palmer, Harry B., Thetford, Vt. 

Palmer, Ray G., 1910 Congress 
Ave., Houston, Tex. 

Palmer, Fred B., Lyme Centre, 
N. H. 

Palmer, Addison, 28 Williams St., 
Worcester, Mass. 

Palmer, Fred L., 6 North Spring 
St., Concord, N. H. 

Parker, Arthur, Sharon, Vt. 

Parker, Mary H., Bishop Place, 
New Brunswick, N. Y. 

Parker, Minnie M., Sharon, Vt. 

Parker, Winnie V., Strafford, Vt. 

Parker, Mrs. Hattie Robinson, 
Boston, Mass. 

Parker, L. P., Strafford, Vt. 

Parker, Hattie E., Vershire, Vt. 

Parker, Edith L., Vershire, Vt. 

Parmalee, Mrs. Julia (Farr), Erz- 
room, Turkey, Missionary. 

Parnell, Antonio, Boston, Mass. 

Parsons, Mrs. C. H., 36 Tomp- 
kins Place, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Partrell, Oscar, Union Village, Vt. 

Partrell, George H., Union Vil- 
lage, Vt. 

Partrell, Mrs. Eleanor, Union Vil- 
lage, Vt. 

Patch, Rev. George B., D. D., 
1323 R St., Washington, D. C. 

Patch, James, Essex, Mass. 



Patterson, Lester, Pompanoosuc, 

Vt. 
Patterson, Mrs. Gertrude (Rob- 
erts), Pompanoosuc, Vt. 
Payne, Mrs. Henry, Haverhill, 

N. H. 
Penniman, Mrs. L. F., Hartland, 

Vt. 
Pearl, Samuel J., 312 Chestnut St., 

Chelsea, Mass. 
Pennock, Mrs. Carrie (Eaton), 

Somerville, Mass., care of Judge 

Pennock. 
Perkins, Mrs. Wealthy, 494 Gor- 

ham St., Lowell, Mass. 
Perkins, Mrs. Irenus (Satah P.), 

Lakeville, Minn. 
Perrin, Judge Henry M., St. Johns, 

Mich. 
Perrin, Porter K., Attorney, St. 

Johns, Mich. 
Perrin, George K., Attorney, In- 
dianapolis, Ind. 
Perrin, J. Newton, Berlin, Vt. 
Perrin, Mrs. Amanda (Hosford), 

Berlin, Vt. 
Perrin, Mrs. Charles (Diadema 

Cutting), Montpelier, Vt. 
Perry, Hon. Baxter E., i Beacon 

St., Boston, Mass. 
Perry, Mrs. Charlotte (Hough), i 

Beacon St., Boston, Mass. 
Perry, Professor Arthur L., Wil- 
liams College, Williamstown, 

Mass. 
Perry, Mrs. Ann, Athol, Mass. 
Pettigrew, David L., Worcester, 

Mass. 
Phelps, S. B., Hanover, N. H. 
Phelps, Edwin, Hanover, N. H. 
Phelps, Mrs. Laura (Dowe), Mass. 
Phelps, Mrs. R. H., Littleton, Mass 
Pierce, Mrs. Henrietta (Senter). 

Claremont, N. H. 
Pierce, Lewis, Salem, Mass. 
Pierce, Elbridge S., Manchester, 

N. H. 
Pierce, John Sabin, Shepardstown, 

Va. 
Pike, Rev. A. J., Sauk Centre, Minn. 



198 



Piper, W. G., Lyme, N. H. 
Piper, Mrs. Hattie, 15 Walnut St., 

Manchester, N. H. 
Plummer, B. W., Fort Fairfield, 

Me. 
Plummer, Helene E., Penacook, 

N. H. 
Plummer, Mrs. H. B. (Johnson), 

Plainfield, N. H. 
Poland, Mrs. Joseph (Julia M. 

Harvey), Montpelier, Vt. 
Poor, Anna, Thetford, Vt. 
Porter, Col. Francis, Lyme, N. H. 
Porter, A. H., C. E., T] Bolton, 

Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. 
Porter, Lewis C, 116 Walnut St., 

Somerville, Mass. 
Porter, George K., Boston, Mass. 
Porter, Hattie L., Provincetown, 

Mass. 
Porter, Charles L., Fall River, 

Mass. 
Porter, Adna E., 32 Chauncey St., 

Boston, Mass. 
Porter, H. W., Fall River, Mass. 
Porter, Nelson, Thetford Centre, 

Vt. 
Porter, Adna, Thetford Centre, Vt. 
Porter, Mrs. Martha E. (Ladd), 

Thetford Centre, Vt. 
Porter, Mrs. Kate (Elmer), South 

Framingham, Mass. 
Porter, George E., 170 Garden 

St., Lawrence, Mass. 
Porter, Will G., Custer City, N.D. 
Porter, A. N., Des Moines, Iowa. 
Powell, Charles, Post Mills, Vt. 
Powell, Addie L., South Strafford, 

Vt. 
Pratt, Mrs. Almira, North Thet- 
ford, Vt. 
Pratt, Mrs.Abby (Watson), North 

Woburn, Mass. 
Prescott, Mrs. Anna (Hinckley), 

183 West Canton St., Boston, 

Mass. 
Prescott, O. O., Middlebury, Ind. 
Prescott, A. S., Middlebury, Ind. 
Prescott, Rev. Chester, Lake View, 

Pa. 



Pressey, Mrs. Jennie (Senter), 
East Thetford, Vt. 

Preston, Fred L., Strafford, Vt. 

Preston, Mrs. Mary (Udall), Straf- 
ford, Vt. 

Preston, Goldie B., Straflford, Vt. 

Preston, Edith, Strafford, Vt. 

Price, Mrs. Cynthia (Ranstead), 
Orlando, Fla. 

Pringle, Florence E., St. Johns- 
bury Centre, Vt. 

Pringle, James N., Phillips Acad- 
emy, Andover, Mass. 

Pringle, Rev. Henry N., Anoka, 
Minn. 

Pulsifer, Charles, Pomona, Cal. 

Pushee, Hattie E., Lyme, N. H. 

Pushee, Mrs. A. W., Lyme, N. H. 

Pushee, Mrs. Edna E., Lyme, 
N. H. 

Putnam, George F., Kansas City, 
Mo. 

Putnam, Ellen, Claremont, N. H. 

Putnam, J. W., Amenia, N. Y. 

Putnam, Hattie, Post Mills, Vt. 

Putnam, Mrs. Marshall (Matilda 
Carrolls), Northville, N. H. 

Putnam, Judge A. A., Uxbridge, 
Mass. 

Putnam, Rev. Alfred P., D. D., 
Concord, Mass. 

Quimby, Mrs. Minnie (Kendall), 

Tilton, N. H. 
Ouimby,Wareham, Boston, Mass. 

Ranstead, C. Fred, Boston, Mass. 
Resigne, Mrs. Hattie (Wilcox j, 

702 Taylor St., Seattle, Wash. 
Reynolds, Prof. B. M., Northfield, 

Minn. 
Reynolds, HemanE., Strafford, Vt. 
Reynolds, Almanon, Lebanon, 

N. H. 
Reynolds, John R., Etna, N. H. 
Reynolds, Fred, Hanover, N. H. 
Reynolds, Mrs. Alice (Stowell), 

Norwich, Vt. 
Rice, E. C, 3649 Pine St., St. 

Louis, Mo. 



199 



Richards, Albert D., 20 Clinton 
St., Worcester, Mass. 

Richardson, Mrs. Almina L. 
(Slafter), care Hon. D. G. Slaf- 
ter, Vassar, Mich. 

Richardson, Mrs. Carrie (Orr), 
Vershire, Vt. 

Riley, Maude, Orford, N. H. 

Robertson, Idella, Newbury, Vt. 

Robertson, R. Libbie, Ashland, 
Mass. 

Robie, Dr. J. W., A.sbury Park, 
N.J. 

Rogers, Geo., Lebanon, N. H. 

Rogers, Mrs. Angle (Davis), Leb- 
anon, N. H. 

Rogers, Mrs. Sherman, Fairlee, 
Vt. 

Rogers, Alfred, Union Village, Vt. 

Rolfe, E. W., Tunbridge, Vt. 

Root, Hattie M., Norwich, Vt. 

Ross, Mrs. Lucia A. (Eastman), 
Bath, N. H. 

Rowe, Mrs. Alice, Peacham, Vt. 

Rowe, Mary Ella, Salem, Mass. 

Rowe, Mrs. Bessie (Preston), 9 
Leyden St., Medford, Mass. 

Rowell, Kate Maude, West Fair- 
lee, Vt. 

Rowell, Maggie, West Fairlee, 
Vt. 

Rugg, Sarah. Thetford, Vt. 

Rugg, Mrs. Amanda P. (Ellis), 
Berkeley, Cal. 

Ruggles, Prof. E. R., Ph. D., 
Hanover, N. H. 

Russ, O. F., South Corinth, Vt. 

Russ, James J., 161 22d St., Chi- 
cago, 111. 

Russell, George, Littleton, N. H. 

Rust, George H., Minneapolis, 
Minn. 

Ryley, Chas., Orford, N. H. 

Ryley, Mary, Orford, N. H. 

Sabin, Mrs. Julia (Davis), 12 
Ascutney St., Maiden, Mass. 

Sabin, Ed., Windsor, Vt. 

Saflford. Mrs. Caroline (Latham), 
Hartford, Vt. 



Sanderson, Mrs. Carrie, 97 Union 
St., Lynn, Mass. 

Sanborn, Wm. Hatch, Greenfield, 
Mass. 

Sanborn, Harley C East Thet- 
ford, Vt. 

Sanborn, Maud M., East Thet- 
ford, Vt. 

Sanborn, Gen. John B. (Atty.), 
St. Paul, Minn. 

Sanborn, J. C. L., Orange, 
Orange Co., Cal. 

Sanborn, Thomas, East Thetford, 
Vt. 

Sanborn, John, Orford, Vt. 

Sanborn, Agnes, Thetford Centre. 
Vt. 

Sargent, Leland T., Union Vil- 
lage, Vt. 

Sargent, F. H., Montague City, 
Mass. 

Sargent, Prin. Wm. E., A. M., 
Lancaster, Mass. 

Sargent, D. B., Norwich, Vt. 

Sargent, O. H., Norwich, Vt. 

Sargent, Mrs. Kate, Bradford, Vt. 

Sargent, Marcus, Boltonville, Vt. 

Sargent, Millard, Ryegate, Vt. 

Sargent, Bartlett. Union Village, 
Vt. 

Sargent, Horace T., Hartford, Vt. 

Sargent, Mrs. Hannah (Water- 
man), Hartford, Vt. 

Sargent, Mrs. Elmer P., Box 200, 
Melrose Highlands, Mass. 

Sargent, James, Lebanon, N. H. 

Sargent, J. P., East Corinth, Vt. 

Sawyer, Mrs. A. W., Sycamore, 111. 

Sawyer, J. N., Littleton, Mass. 

Sawyer, Mrs. J. N., Littleton, 
Mass. 

Sawyer, Union Village, Vt. 

Sayre, John (Sayre & Cosden), 
Hanover, St., Boston, Mass. 

Sayre, C. W., Thetford Centre. 

Sayre, Eliza, East Thetford, Vt. 

Sayre, Geo., Eureka, Humboldt 
Co., Cal. 

Searle, Charles P., 175 Newbury 
St., Boston, Mass. 



200 



Searle, Alonzo P. (Atty.), Hones- 
dale, Pa. 

Searles, Mrs. Ellen (Billings), 
West Berkshire, Vt. 

Seaver, Mrs. Maria, Union Vil- 
lage, Vt. 

Seaver, Nellie M., Union Village, 
Vt. 

Seaver, Jessie F., Union Village, Vt. 

Seaver, Mrs. Jennie, West Fairlee, 
Vt. 

Seaver, Livia A. , Union Village, Vt. 

Senter, Rev. O. S., Charlestown, 
N. H. 

Senter, C. C, W. Lebanon, N. H. 

Senter, Sadie, Thetford, Vt. 

Shepardson, Marcella, Bradford, 
Vt. 

Shepley, Mrs. Marcella. 

Sherman, Mrs. Geo., Janesville, 
Wis. 

Sherman, L. J., Hanover, N. H. 

Sherman, Celia, Royalton, Vt. 

Shute, Alward B., Lynnfield Cen- 
tre, Mass. 

Silver, Frank W., West Hartford, 
Vt. 

Silver, Mrs. (care of Miss H, 
Smith), 36 Tompkins Place, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Simonds, Mary E., Thetford Cen- 
tre, Vt. 

Simonds, Mamie A., Thetford 
Centre, Vt. 

Simonds, Mrs. Dwight, Lebanon, 
N. H. 

Simonds, Mrs. Frank, Lebanon, 
N. H. 

Slack, Helen M., Norwich, Vt. 

Slack, Albert D., Palmyra, Wis. 

Slack, Mrs. Addie (Howe), Pal- 
myra, Wis. 

Slade, Mrs. Helen (Palmer), 
Thetford, Vt. 

Slade, Mary E., Thetford, Vt. 

Slade, Rev. William, Williams- 
town, Mass. 

Slade, Helen F. (University of 
Vermont), 35 Colchester Ave., 
Burlington, Vt. 



Slafter, Rev. Edmund F., D.D., 

249 Berkeley St., Boston, Mass. 
Slafter, Rev. Carlos, Dedham, 

Mass. 
Slafter, D. G., Vassar, Mich. 
Slafter, Charles, Readville, Mass. 
Slafter, Carlos, East Thetford, Vt. 
Slafter, Grace L., East Thetford, 

Vt. 
Sleeper, B. S., Corinth, Vt. 
Smith, Rev. A. A., East Barre, 

Vt. 
Smith, Mrs. Lucinda (Hood), 

East Barre, Vt. 
Smith, Mrs. Louisa (Pennock), 

Wells River, Vt. 
Smith, Mrs. Nettie (Prcscott), 18 

Spencer Place, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Smith, Erdix, Davenport, Iowa. 
Smith, Rose, 46 Catherine St., 

New York, N. Y. 
Smith, M. A., Tapleyville, Mass. 
Smith, Augustus. Topsfield, Mass. 
Smith, Roswell T., 26 Temple St., 

Nashua, N. H., 
Smith, Mrs. Cynthia (Egerton), 

Norwich, Vt. 
Smith, Lura, West Fairlee, Vt. 
Smith, Hannah E., 36 Tompkins 

Place, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Smith, Arthur P., Waltham, Mass. 
Smith, George W., White River 

Junction, Vt. 
Smith, William, Post Mills, Vt. 
Smith, Mrs. Delia (Roberts), 

Strafford, Vt. 
Smith, Mrs. Nellie (Emerson), 

Lebanon, N. H. 
Snow, Park, 238 Savin Hill Ave., 

Dorchester, Mass. 
Snow, Jennie C, Cheyenne, Wy. 
Snow, Mrs. Laura, Manchester, 

N. H. 
Snow, Nellie, Manchester, N. H. 
Snow, E. P., Cheyenne, Wy. 
Snow, P. E., Sidney, Neb. 
Snow, Delbert R., Union Village, 

Vt. 
Southworth, Mrs. Ella (Fairfield), 

Post Mills, Vt. 



201 



Southworth, Minnie P., Post 
Mills, Vt. 

Southworth, Frank, Post Mills, Vt. 

Southworth, Harry H., West Fair- 
lee, Vt. 

Southworth, Jennie M., West 
Fairlee, Vt. 

Southworth, A. H., West Fairlee, 
Vt. 

Southworth, E. G., Bradford, Vt. 

Southworth, Mrs. E. G., Bradford, 
Vt. 

Spear, Mrs. Lucie M. (Ains- 
worth), Hartland, Vt. 

Spencer, Katharine, Hanover Cen- 
tre, N. H. 

Stacy, George E., Vershire, Vt. 

Stark, Edward, Lyme, N. H. 

Steele, Carl F., Lyme, N. H. 

Steele, George, D.D., Millbury, 
Mass. 

Stetson, Chas., North Thetford, 
Vt. 

Stetson, E. A., Butler Hospital, 
Providence, R. L 

Stevens, Ida B., Pompanoosuc, Vt. 

Stevens, Samuel H., Pompanoo- 
suc, Vt. 

Stevens, Samuel C, Pompanoo- 
suc, Vt. 

Stevens, Austin H., Pompanoo- 
suc, Vt. 

Stevens, Mabel, Thetford, Vt. 

Stevens, Frank, Thetford, Vt. 

Stevens, Edward B., North Thet- 
ford, Vt. 

Stevens, J. T. M., West Fairlee, 
Vt. 

Stevens, Chas., West Fairlee, Vt. 

Stevens, Mrs. L. (Cook), Thet- 
ford Centre, Vt. 

Stevens, Mrs. Addie, Western 
Springs, 111. 

Stevens, Rev. T. A., Keokuk, 
N. Y. 

Stevens, Sarah, Boston, Mass. 

Stoddard, Mrs. Lou M., Wil- 
mington, Ohio. 

Stone, Isabella (Mrs. L. W.), 
Anita, Cass Co., la. 



Stone, Benjamin, Walla Walla, 

Wash. 
Stoors, H. Hinckley, Lyme, N. H. 
Stoors, Fannie D., Lyme, N. H. 
Storrs, Mrs. Julia E. (Steele), 

Hanover, N. H. 
Stow, Newton E., Mechanics 

Falls, Maine. 
Stowe, Silas E., Grafton, Mass. 

Stowell, , Union Village, Vt. 

Stratton, Mrs. Louise (Coburn), 

Fairlee, Vt. 
Stratton, C. C, Fitchburg, Mass. 
Straw, Mrs. Emma (Stevens), 

Lyme, N. H. 
Strong, Charles, Van Wert, O. 
Strong, Mrs. C. C, Van Wert, O. 
Swan, Dr. W. E. C, Stoughton, 

Mass. 
Sweatt, Mrs. Hester A., Webster, 

N. H. 
Swett, Rev. Chas. 
Swett, Mrs. Celesta (Messer). 
Swift, Mrs. Isabella (Babcock), 

Wellesley Hills, Mass. 

Talbot, Mrs. Mary E,, 58 Dover 

St., Lowell, Mass. 
Talcott, Mrs. M. A. (Newton), 

P. O. box 1445, Providence, 

R. I. 
Tappan. Mrs. James S., Abbots- 
ford Inn, Los Angeles, Cal. 
Taylor, Grace G., St. Johnsbury, 

Vt. 
Taylor, Mrs. Elizabeth (Johnson), 

care of M. M. Johnson, Pension 

Office, Washington, D. C. 
Taylor, Mrs. Mabel, Newbury, 

Vt. 
Taylor, Josiah, East Thetford, Vt. 
Tavlor, Mrs. Sophia (Tilden), 

East Thetford, Vt. 
Taylor, Fred, East Thetford, Vt. 
Taylor, Mrs. Daisy (Wilder), East 

Thetford, Vt. 
Taylor, Mrs. G. A. (Marietta 

Lord), Alameda, Cal. 
Teele, Mrs. Sarah (Dearborn), 

Atlantic, la. 



202 



Tenney, John F.. Federal Point, 
Fla. 

Tenney, Mrs. Luan (Senter) 
West Lebanon, N. H. 

Tenney, Myrida, Hanover Centre, 
N. H. 

Tenney, Alice L., 35 West Cedar 
St., Boston, Mass. 

Tenney, William, Coupeville, 
Wash. 

Tenney, Rev. L. B., Essex, Vt. 

Tenney, Hon. A. W., 206 Broad- 
way, New York City. 

Terry, James, Lyme, N. H. 

Thayer, J. C. B., Northfield, Vt. 

Thayer, F. P., Littleton, N. H. 

Thayer, Darwin, Fredonia, N. Y. 

Thomas, C. N., Attleboro' Falls, 
Mass. 

Thomas, Mrs. Evan (Inez Derby), 
Ludlow, Vt. 

Thomas, Emory J., Lewiston, Me. 

Thompson, Barbara, West Fair- 
lee, Vt. 

Thompson, Thomas, West Fair- 
lee, Vt. 

Thompson, Horace W., Moore, 
Thompson & Co., Bellows Falls, 
Vt. 

Thompson, Mrs. Harriet (Watson), 
North Woburn, Mass. 

Thompson, Laurentia (Blackmer), 
Rockford, 111. 

Thurston, Mrs. Frances (Kinney), 
Barre, Vt. 

Thurston, Mrs. Emma (New- 
comb), Olcott, Vt. 

Tiffany, William B., Providence, 
R. I. 

Tilden, Mrs. (Slafter), East Thet- 
ford, Vt., care of Josiah Taylor. 

Tilden, Clinton A., Pompanoosuc, 
Vt. 

Titus, Bertha, South Straflord, Vt. 

Titus, Gertrude B., South Straf- 
ford, Vt. 

Titus, Ray, South Strafford, Vt. 

Titus, M. C, Vershire, Vt. 

Titus, Mrs. Stella (Smith), Mon- 
tague City, Mass. 



Tolman, Olivia, Arlington, Mass. 

Topliffe, Hon. Elijah M,, Man- 
chester, N. H. 

Topliffe, Ellen A., Manchester, 
N. H. 

Townsend, Mrs. Sarah H., 14^ 
Dix St., Worcester, Mass. 

Townsend, Thomas C, 151 Fourth 
Ave., New York City, N. Y. 

Tracy, Mrs. Marcia (Paine), Tun- 
bridge, Vt. 

Tracy, S. A., Windsor, Vt. 

Tracy, J. B., Milton, Rock Co., 
Wis. 

Tracy, W. W., care D. M. Ferry 
& Co., Detroit, Mich. 

Trask, Samuel, Peabody, Mass. 

Trescott, Bernice, Thetford, Vt. 

Trescott, Nellie, Thetford, Vt. 

Tucker, William, Thetford Centre, 
Vt. 

Tucker, Mrs. Terra, Thetford Cen- 
tre, Vt. 

Tucker, Mrs. Hattie (Cutting), 
West Newbury, Vt. 

Turner, Thomas B., Craftsbury, 
Vt. 

Turner, Edgar, Olcott, Vt. 

Turner, A. V., Union Village, Vt. 

Turner, Will, Union Village, Vt. 

Turner, Bela, East Thetford, Vt. 

Turner, Myra Bell, Thetford Cen- 
tre, Vt. ' 

Turner, Leon A., Hanover, N. H. 

Turner, Frank S., North Thetford, 
Vt. 

Turner, David, Montague City, 
Mass. 

Turner, Fred, Post Mills, Vt. 

Turner, Charles, 18 Otis St., 
Medford, Mass. 

Tuttle, Alonzo T., 80 Holland St., 
West Somerville, Mass. 

Tyler, Mrs. Sarah (Knight), 303 
Jewett St., Manchester, N. H. 

LMall, H. H., LIniversity of Ver- 
mont, Burlington, Vt. 

Underwood, Mrs. B. J. (Porter), 
Hillsdale, Mich. 



203 



Vaughan, G. Leslie, Thetford, Vt. 

\'aughan, Mrs. Emogene (Lyman), 
Thetford. Vt. 

\'aughan, G. Allison, Thetford, 
Vt. 

Vaughan, Christine H., Thetford, 
Vt. 

Vaughan, A. Lettie, Thetford, Vt. 

Vaughan, Chas. A., 28 William 
St., Worcester, Mass. 

Vaughan, Octavia H., 28 William 
St., Worcester, Mass. 

Vaughan, Arthur S., 28 William 
St., Worcester, Mass. 

Vaughan, G. Lyman, 28 Grove 
St.. Worcester, Mass. 

Vaughan, A. H., West Shrews- 
bury, Mass. 

Vaughan, Frank, W., Franklin, 
Mass. 

Vaughan, D. Albert, Box 246, 
Guilford, Conn. 

Wallace, Mrs. Mary S., Newbury, 
Vt. 

Walker, Dr. A. C, Greenfield, 
Mass. 

Walker, Mrs. Maria (Grant), 
Greenfield, Mass. 

Walker, Mrs. Mary (Lathrop), 
Chelsea, Vt. 

Walker, Mrs. Martha (Gile), Lit- 
tleton, N. H. 

Walker. Myrtle. Strafford, Vt. 

Walker, Gertrude, Strafford, Vt. 

Walker, Kate, Strafford, Vt. 

Walworth, James J., Hotel Alex- 
ander, 1 761 Washington St., 
Boston, Mass. 

Ward, Mrs. Hiram (Goldie Clogs- 
ton), Strafford, Vt. 

Ward, William H., Amherst, 
Mass. 

Ware. Mrs. Francena (Heath), 83 
Arlington St., South Framing- 
ham, Mass. 

Ware, Mrs. Mary (Marston), South 
Fairlee, Vt. 

Ware, Mrs. Lucretia (Palmer), 
South Fairlee, Vt. 

Ware, Hiram, South Fairlee, Vt. 



Ware, Mrs. Ida (Lyon), South 

Fairlee, Vt. 
Ware, Daniel A., North Thetford, 

Vt. 
Ware, Viola, Lyme, N. H. 
Ware, Willard H., 133-135 Dud- 
ley St., Boston, Mass. 
Ware, Eugene, 83 Milk St., Bos- 
ton, Mass. 
Ware, Mrs. Ella (Lyon), 83 Milk 

St., Boston, Mass. 
Ware, Mrs. B. C. ( Heath), 

Aurora, 111. 
Ware, Mrs. Wyman, Hamilton, 

Province of Ontario. 
Warren, Mrs. Chas. (May E. 

Colby), Fairlee, Vt. 
Warren, L. D., Medford, Mass. 
Washburn, Calvin R., Salem, 

Mass. 
Waterman, Arthur A., Vershire,Vt. 
Watson, Mrs. Belle (Morrill), 

Lowell, Mass. 
Welb, Mrs. George (Laura Stark), 

Westfield, Mass. 
Webster, Mrs. Rachel (Taylor), 

Atlantic, Cass Co., la. 
Webster, Willard W., Conn. 
Weeks, Mrs. Wm., Lebanon, N. H. 
Weirs, Mrs. Amelia (Knight), 

Winstead, Conn. 
Welch, John, Thetford, Vt. 
Welch, Richard, Thetford, Vt. 
Weld, Mrs. Jas. E., (Kate Leland), 

2 Swan St., Arlington, Mass. 
Weller, D. A, 2 I St., N. W., 

Washington, D. C. 
Wells, Mrs. Katie, Grafton, Mass. 
Welton, Annie M., South Corinth, 

Vt. 
West, Mrs. Chas., South Royal- 
ton, Vt. 
West, Mary J., Barre, Vt. 
West, Mrs. Frank E. (Emogene 

Slack), 359 Main St., Maiden, 

Mass. 
West, Hiram, Vershire, Vt. 
Wheatlev, Nathaniel, Brookfield, 

Vt. 
Wheelwright, J. F., Roanoke, 111. 



204 



Whipple, Ernest C, Lyme, N. H. 
Whipple, Mrs. L. D., Box 457, 

Lowell, Mass. 
Whipple, S. F., Box 457, Lowell, 

Mass. 
Whipple, Mrs. Chas., Peabody, 

Mass. 
Whipple, Gertrude, Lyme, N. H. 
Whitcher, L. E., Highmore, S. D. 
Whitcomb, Fred H., West Fair- 
lee, Vt. 
Whitcomb, Mrs. Ella (Walker), 

Underhill, Vt. 
White, Fred A., 137 West 104th 

St., N. Y. City. 
White, Hon. Randall H., 173 

Clark St., Chicago, 111. 
White, Kate, 1328 Corcoran St., 

Washington, D. C. 
Whittier, Mrs. Lizzie S., Scythe- 

ville, N. H. 
Whittemore, Nellie, Wentworth, 

N. H. 
Whittemore, Mrs. Elizabeth 

(Denny), Northfield, Vt. 
Whitsun, Mrs. Robt. (Hattie 

Huntington), Pembina, N. D. 
Wilcox, Kate, Post Mills, Vt. 
Wilcox, Anna, Lyman School, 

Westborough, Mass. 
Wilcox, Mary, Lyman School, 

Westborough, Mass. 
Wilcox, H. F., North Thetford, 

Vt. 
Wilcox, Mrs. Mary A. (Ladd), 

Post Mills, Vt. 
Wilde, Mrs. Joseph D., Melrose, 

Mass. 
Willard, Isaac, Orford, N. H. 
Willard, Mrs. Mary G. (Thayer), 

North Hartland, Vt. 
Williams, J. I., Lancaster, N. H. 
Williams, Mrs. Mary (Morse), 

Lancaster, N. H. 
Williams, Mrs. Mary E. (Wor- 
cester), Muscogee, I. T. 
Willoughby, Henry, Thetford Cen- 
tre, Vt. 
Willoughby, Mrs. Henry ( 

Porter), Thetford Centre, Vt. 



Willoughby, Sadie E., Thetford 

Centre, Vt. 
Willoughby, Clara, Thetford Cen- 
tre, Vt. 
Willoughby, W. A., Thetford, 

Centre, Vt. 
Wilmot, Chas. S., East Thetford. 

Vt. 
Wilmot, Joseph, East Thetford, 

Vt. 
Wilmot, M. A., Sloan, la. 
Wilmot, T. B., West Concord, 

N. H. 
Wilmot, Haviland D., Denver, 

Col. 
Wilmot, Mrs. Florence (McCole), 

Denver, Col. 
Wilmot, John Fayette, Franklin. 

N. H. 
Wilmot, C. L., North Danville, 

Va. 
Wilmot, Allyn B. (Yale Law 

School), 1 24 1 Chapel St., New 

Haven, Conn. 
Wilmot, Lillian S., Olcott, Vt. 
Wilmot, Lucius P., Groton, Mass. 
Wilmot, Allen C. Olcott, Vt. 
Wilson, H. H., Canaan, N. H. 
Wilson, Mrs. Susan (Porter), 17 

Tremont St., Lawrence, Mass. 
Windsor, E. G., Providence, R. I. 
Windsor, James A. (Rookery), 

Chicago, 111. 
Winter, Ira W., Croydon, N. H. , 
Winter, Mrs. Elizabeth (Putnam), 

Croydon, N. H. 
Winter, Mrs. Lorinda (Stewart), 

Marshfield, Vt. 
Winslow, Wm., Ely, Vt. 
Winslow, Wm., Lyme, N. H. 
Withington, Moses, Hanover, 

N. H. 
Wiswell, Mrs. Fred H., 3810 

Rhodes Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Wolf, Mrs. Flora C, 21 Hancock 

St., Boston, Mass. 
Woodard, Ellen, South Royalton, 

Vt. 
Woodward, Emma S., Lyme, 

N. H. 



205 



Woodworth, Prof. H. P., Grand 
Forks, N. D. 

Woodworth, Mrs. Phebe (Clark), 
Grand Forks. N. D. 

Worcester, Dr. William L., 306 
East 1 6th St., New York City. 

Worcester, C. E., Burnham 
School, Northampton, Mass. 

Worcester, Jennie S., Normal 
Institute, Hampton, Va. 

Worcester, Prof. Dean C, Uni- 
versity of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 
Mich. 

Worcester, Harry E., 192 Sum- 
mer St., Boston, Mass. 

Worcester. Eleanor B., Thetford, 
Vt. 

Worcester, Geo. S., Thetford, Vt. 

Worcester. Mrs. G. S., Thetford, 
Vt. 

Worthen, Prof. T. W. D. (Dart- 
mouth College), Hanover, N. H. 
Whole number 



Worthen, Louise M. W., Han- 
over, 

Worthen, Col. Harry, Hanover, 
N. H. 

Worthen, John (C. E.), South 
Pasadena, Cal. 

Worthen, Judge Jos. H., Kansas 
City, Mo. 

Wright, Mrs. Harriet (Cummings), 
Bradford, Vt. 

Weight, AsaR., Moville, la. 

Yarrington, Ena, Thetford, Vt. 
Young, Hiram C, Washington 

Market, Boston, Mass. 
Young, Augustus G., 22 Moulton 

St., Boston, Mass. 
Young, William, Corinth, Vt. 
Young, Erastus, No. 1830 26th 

St., South Minneapolis, Minn. 
Young, George S., Windsor, Vt. 
Young, Mrs. Geo. S., Windsor, Vt. 
of names, 1454. 



Trustees of Thetford Academy; their action with reference 
to its enlargement and endowment ; the committee appointed 
for carrying out this purpose, and this appeal. 



Hon. E. P. George, President 

Gen. John Eaton, Ph. D., LL. D. . 

Hon. Thomas W. Bicknell, LL. D. 

Hon. Gilbert E. Hood, A. M. 

Prof. Thomas W. D. Worthen, A. M. 

Frank P. Goulding 

H. H. Gillett, M. D. 

S. K. Berry . 

Rev. S. V. McDuffie, A. M. 

William H. Long . 

F. E. Garey, Treasurer . 

William L. Paine, M. D. 

J. J. Conant . 

H. P. Cummings . 

George S. Worcester, Secretary 



West Fairlee. 

Washington. 

Providence, R. I. 

Lawrence, Mass. 

Hanover, N. H. 

Worcester, Mass. 

Post Mills, Vt. 

North Thetford. 

Thetford. 

Fairlee, Vt. 

Thetford. 

Thetford. 

North Thetford. 

North Thetford. 

Thetford, Vt. 



The following resolutions were adopted at a meeting of the 
trustees of Thetford Academy held October 20, 1894: 

Whereas, It is desirable and proper in calling upon the 
alumni of the Academy for pecuniary assistance, to furnish all 
possible assurance that the sums contributed will be judici- 
ously expended, be it 

Resolved, That the following named persons, viz.: Gilbert E- 
Hood of Lawrence, Mass., Hiram Orcutt of Boston, Mass., Mrs- 
Isabella Babcock Swift of Wellesley Hill, Mass., H. W. Thomp- 
son of Bellows Falls, Vt., O. C. Blackmer and Perkins Bass of 
Chicago, 111., A. W. Tenney and Mrs. Sue White McKay of New 
York, Dr. William S. Palmer of Norwichtown, Conn., and Henry 
A. Merrill of Cincinnati be invited to act with Messrs. Gen. 
John Eaton, Thomas W. Bicknell, Thomas W. D. Worthen, and 
George S. Worcester, committee of this board in raising funds 
for the benefit of the Academy, and that they be authorized to 
add to their number any other persons, formerly students of the 
Academy, whom they may think desirable, provided the total 
number of the joint committee as thus constituted shall not 
exceed twenty-five. 

Resolved, That the joint committee constituted as aforesaid, 
be authorized to retain custody of the funds to be raised by 
them and to expend or invest them at their discretion for the 
benefit of Thetford Academy, subject to the approval of this 
board, until such alterations and additions to the buildings as 
may be thought advisable shall be completed and the remaining 
funds permanently invested. 



WHAT WE PROPOSE. 

The committee appointed to raise funds for Thetford Acad- 
emy have decided, with the concurrence of the trustees, on the 
following course : Two thirds, at least, of the amount raised 
shall be invested as a permanent fund for payment of the 
expenses of the school. The first essential of a good school is 
good teachers. Unless one third of the sum subscribed is 
deemed sufficient for the construction of a new school building 
or a sufficient sum for that purpose is provided from other 
sources, the present building shall be refitted. 

If the amount reaches $36,000 a new school building shall be 
constructed, and the old building fitted up as a dormitory, or 
for other school purposes. 

By vote of the board of trustees this committee is to have full 
control of such funds and to decide all questions relating to the 
manner of their expenditure until the alterations and additions 
to the buildings are completed, and the permanent fund in- 
vested. 

Gilbert E. Hood of Lawrence, Mass., has been appointed 
treasurer of the committee, and is to have custody of the funds 
until they are finally expended. 

George S. Worcester of Thetford has been appointed secre- 
tary of the committee, to whom correspondence should be 
addressed. 

Shall Thetford Academy continue to be a power for good, a 
school of the highest aims, with healthful surroundings, in a 
simple but modern and beautiful building, with a new vigor, and 
a new life, coming from the memories of the past and the in- 
terest of the present? 

It certainly may be. Will not we to whom it has meant, and 
still means, so much, say it shall be ? 

The school has been kept up all these years, and continues 
to manifest the characteristics of earlier times, but it greatly 
needs new buildings and a moderate permanent fund. Are 
there not among those who have been scholars or teachers 



208 

there, and among those who have been and still are interested 
in the institution, those who will meet something like the follow- 
ing conditions, provided that not less than $30,000 shall be 
raised for this purpose before the close of 1896? 
10 persons who will contribute $1,000 each, or more. 
20 persons who will contribute $500 each, or more. 
100 persons who will contribute $100 each, or more. 
1000 persons who will contribute $50, $25, or $10 each, or more. 
Let no one hesitate because their amount must be small. 
And will not every former teacher or pupil, or friend of Thet- 
ford Academy, whose eyes meet these pages consider himself or 
herself one to whom these questions are asked ? 

And will not each correspond with and communicate to any 
officer or member of the committee herein named, such sugges- 
tions as occur to each, and such promise of aid as each can make ? 
And further will not all who feel an interest in this work and 
whose judgments approve of the effort, join at once the army 
of workers, and communicate with all known to them, and likely 
to be interested who may not see this, and send to the secretary 
or treasurer all the advice, all the money, and all the promises 
they find ? 

GILBERT E. HOOD, 

Lawrence, Mass., 

Treasurer. 
GEORGE S. WORCESTER, 

Thetford, Vt., 

Secretary. 



END. 



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