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Full text of "The Third Massachusetts cavalry in the war for the union"






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BREVET BRIGADIER GENERAL 

TttOM/lS E. 



THE 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY 



IN THE 



WAR FOR THE UNION 




BY 



REV. JAMES K. EWER. 

Company C, Third Mass. Cai>. 



PUBLISHED BY DIRECTION OF THE 

HISTORICAL COMMITTEE OF THE REGIMENTAL ASSOCIATION, 

1903. 



Y<z> trje j~Ler<z>ic fryer), 
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JFTER many year of waiting, a history of the Third 
Mass. Cavalry is now given to the world. Having 
been commissioned to execute the work, it is with great 
satisfaction that the author now announces that the enter 
prise has been brought to a successful consummation. 
Great labor has been involved in the undertaking. So 
scattered are the living members of the regiment, and so 
imperfect the records kept by the officers, that the task 
imposed of making a complete history of the organization 
has not been ordinary. The historian has striven to 
give as complete and accurate a statement of facts as 
possible under the circumstances. Mistakes will be dis 
covered ; the impossible has not been attempted. 

In performing this work the writer has been greatly 
aided by the members of the Historical Committee ; by 
Sec. George H. Rymill, and by Capt. J. W. Hervey. 

His thanks are due to Putnam & Sons, New York, 
for cuts of battlefields ; to Harper & Bros., and to the 
Star Publishing Co. of Chicago, for permission to copy 
certain interesting scenes in the regimental life. 



The following works have been consulted : 

11 Greeley s American Conflict," " Harper s Pictorial 
History of the War," Irwin s History of the igth Corps," 
published by Putnam & Sons, N. Y., and Campaign 
ing with Banks and Sheridan," by Flynn. 

The author is greatly indebted to the Adjutant Gen 
eral s Reports for 1863-6, as compiled by Lieut.-Col. 
D- P. Muzzey, of Cambridge. 

If this History shall in some degree serve to perpetu 
ate the record of the gallant regiment whose deeds are 
herein narrated, and if the rising generation shall, per 
chance, gather somewhat of inspiration from the perusal 
of these pages, the author shall be rewarded for the 
time and toil expended in the preparation and publica 
tion of the work. 

J. K. E 




Contents. 

DEDICATION. 
FOREWORD. 

INTRODUCTION - 9 

CHAPTER I IN THE CAMP OF INSTRUCTION - 16 

II. EN ROUTE FOR THE WAR - - 27 

III. ON AN OCEAN TRANSPORT 39 

IV. IN THE ENEMY S COUNTRY 53 

V. THE TECHE CAMPAIGN - 67 

VI. PORT HUDSON 87 

VII. PORT HUDSON, continued. - - 105 

VIII. UIFE IN A COTTON PRESS - - 120 

IX. THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN - - 133 

X. THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN, continued. . 145 

XI. THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN 163 

XII. THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN, concluded. . 178 

XIII. TRANSFERRED TO VIRGINIA - - 187 

XIV. BATTLE OF THE OPEQUON - - 198 

XV. BATTLE OF CEDAR CREEK - - 216 

XVI. LAST DAYS IN THE VALLEY - 233 

XVII. THE GRAND REVIEW - 245 

XVIII- IN AND AROUND WASHINGTON - 252 

XIX. OUT WEST - 266 

HISTORY OF READ S COMPANY - - 277 



REMINISCENCES: 

Lieutenant Dane and the Signal Corps 
The Forlorn Hope and the Third Cavalry 
Lieutenant Muzzey and the Female Spy 
Death of Captain Solon A. Perkins 
Wounding of Lieutenant Bradley Dean 
The Capture of Major Cowen - 
Carrying Dispatches for Banks at Alexandria 



320 
329 
332 
334 
336 
351 



A Concert at Baton Rouge 357 

The Robbing of Samuel Corning 359 

Confiscating Cotton at Port Hudson 358 

Corporal Harlow and Tyler, Texas 362 

Porter Colby as a Prisoner of War 365 

Letter of Captain Hervey ~ 368 

Letters of Captain John L- Swift 371 

The Regimental Memorial - - 377 



GENERALS. 


PAGE 


LIEUTENANTS : 


Grover . 


. 387 


Adams 


Dudley . 


. 388 


Curry 


Molineux 


. 390 


Granger . 


Chickeriug 


. 392 


Fenno 


Wass 


. 394 


Pope 


Swift 


. 409 


Pierce 


Loud 


. 410 


Rowley 






Sauborn . 






Western . 


COLONELS. 






Sargent . 


. 395 




Porter 


. 397 




Pope 


. 398 


ENLISTED MEN 


Vina! 
Muzzey 


. 399 
400 


Burrage . 
Peck . 






Watts 






Thomas . 


MAJORS: 




Harlow 


Blanchard 


. 403 


Bates 


Bunker 


. 405 


Burke 


Commerford 


. 405 


Ewer 


Gifford 


. 407 


Campbell. 


Noyes 


. 408 


Colby 






Gallagher . 


CAPTAINS : 




Gifford 
Harris 


Brain an . 


. 412 


Holder . 


Dean 


. 414 


Jaquish 


Frothingham. . 


. 415 


Knight 


Gould 


, 416 


Lovering . 


Gove 
Grover 


. 417 
, 418 


McNaught 

1 ( ( klllilll 


Hervey 


. 419 


Ridley 


Rowland . 


. 420 


Rymill 


Rhoades . 


. 421 


Stanley. 


Stoddard . 


. 422 


Thayer 


Smith 


. 423 


Vannah 



PAGE 

. 425 
426 
427 
429 
420 
431 
432 
432 
433 



434 
435 
436 
436 
437 
437 
438 
439 
440 
441 
441 
442 
443 
443 
444 
445 
446 
447 
446 
448 
429 
450 
45 2 
45i 



PAGE 

38 

, 28 
31 
34 

, 30 
40 
50 
52 
54 

79 



Views of Lynnfield, 

Boston & Maine R. R. Station, 

State House, Boston, 

Old Colony R. R. Station, . 

Camp at Union Race Course, L. I., 

The " North Star," 

Baton Rouge in 62, 

Landing of the 4 1st at Baton liouge 

On Picket, 

Battle of Irish Bend, 

Port Hudson Just before the sur 
render, 93 

Banks Headquarters at Port Hud 
son 102 

The Forlorn Hepe Marching into 

Port Hudson, . . . .106 
The Formal Surrender, . . . 108 
Gov. Andrew s Headquarters at 

Port Hudson, . . . .111 
Fortifications at Port Hudson, . 114 
Post Guard House, Port Hudson, 116 



Chalmette Monument, . 
Jackson s Statue, .... 
Mud March at Henderson Hill, 
Rescue of the Fleet, 
Bailey s Bridge of Boats. 
Battle of the Opequon, . 

Sheridan s Headquarters at Win 
chester, 



PAGE 

. 122 

, 123 

. 138 

. 171 

. 184 

. 203 

207 
217 



Cedar Creek, Va,, ... 
Sheridan s Headquarters at Cedar 

Creek, 230 

Sheridan s Headquarters at Kerns- 
town. 234 

Sheridan s Cavalry passing through 

Washington in Grand Review, 248 

Arlington, . ... 258 

Ford s Theatre, .... 259 

Mount Vernon. .... 261 
The Long Bridge, . . . .268 

Boston, . 276 



THE LAST CALL. FINIS. 



, [flarjs, @l)<ails, Etc. 



Irish Bend Battlefield. 



PAGE 
75 



Port Hudson, Camp of 3rd Cavalry 100 



Red River Region. 



142 



PAGE 

Sabine Cross Roads, Position of 
3rd Cavalry, . . . .152 



Opequon Battlefield, 
Cedar Creek Battlefield, 
The Shenandoah Valley, 



200 
222 

238 



BRIG. -GEN. THOMAS E. CHICKERING, 



Frontispiece. 



Opposite 
Page 

Regimental Officers ... !(} 

Historical Committee - 24 

Sergeants Stone and Bullock - 32 

Colonel Lorenzo D. Sargent - 48 
Lieut. -Col. Vinal and Surg. Blan- 

chard - 56 

Colonel Fred G. Pope 64 

Lieut. -Col. D. P. Muxxey 80 
Majors Giftbrd. Commerford, N6yes 

and Bunker. 88 

Colonel Chickering as Colonel of 

Cavalry 96 

Capts. Frothingham and Seamans 120 
Capts. Hervey. Howl and, Hodges 

and Rhoades .... 128 

Capt. Bradley Dean - 144 

Capt. Charles E. Grover - 152 

Capt. Wesley A. Gove - - 160 

Lieut. P. S. Curry 168 

Gen. N. A. M. Dudley - 176 

Gen. Geo. B. Loud 208 
Capt. G. F. Stevens; Hon. H. B 

Lovering - - 
Rev. James K. Ewer - 
Lieuts. "Weston, Sanborn, Otis, 

Rowley 256 

Lieuts. Adams and Hughes - - 264 

Group of Rifle Rangers - - 277 

Lieut, Henry D. Pope - - - 280 



C. F. Head and G. W. Burke 

Major H. C Dane - 

F. T. Holder - 

Sergts. Watts, Peck, Nason, Galle- 

gher 

G W. Stacey and W. E. Corthell 
Corp. J. C. Thomas, Corp. T. liar- 
low, C. A Littletield, I. W. 

Campbell 

J. A. Small, S. Corning, J. H. 

Kingsley, J. A. Bates, H. K. 

Langdon 

B. M. St. Clair, A. S. Vannah, 

Geo. H. Rymill, W. H. Wiley, 

J. McNaught 
Genls. John L. Swift, S Tyler 

Read, E. L. Molineux, B. H. 

Grierson 

Capt. James W. Hervey, Lieut. 

E. L. Pierce .... 
Lieut. R. B. Granger, M.D., Lieut. 

Grafton Fenno .... 
M, A. Harris, T. A. Stanley, J. F. 

Dorsey, J. H. Pratt, D S. 

Knight 
W. L. Kelley, I. H. Cook, C. T. 

Emery, Chas. S. Thayer 
William H. Jaquish (in 1863) 

Wm. H. Jaquish (present tim) 



iosite 
Pace 

312 
320 
328 



344 
352 



372 



383 



392 
400 

428 

440 
444 
452 




WHERE THE REGIMENTAL LIFE BEGAN. 



INTRODUCTION. 



record of the struggle for liberty in America con 
stitutes one of the brightest pages in the history of 
the world. In her gigantic struggle, Freedom has sum 
moned to her side the fairest and the best of the children 
of men. Her poets, her orators, her statesmen, her 
philosophers have stirred the hearts of millions ; while her 
soldiers have filled the world with the fame and glory of 
their deeds. Just as the Northern Lights illumine Arctic 
skies at night, and make all things luminous with their 
electric rays, so the lives of the advocates and defenders 
of American civilization and American freedom light up 
the age in which they lived and wrought for God, and right, 
and native land. Their supreme devotion to the greatprin- 
ciples for which they toiled; their invincible heroism dis 
played upon the field of battle ; their sincere consecration 
to those far-reaching ideas that have made the nation 
great, have challenged the attention of the world ; and, 
as the rising sun drives away the darkness of night, and 
ushers in a new day of light and joy, so has our people 
brought to the world a new day of liberty and gladness. 
The following pages will deal with the exploits of some 
of the men who helped make our history illustrious. 
Never while memory lasts can the volunteer soldiers of 
1861-5 forget those four red years of war. Never while 
reason shall endure shall he cease to talk of the camp, the 
march, the bivouac, the charge, the siege, the struggle, the 



IO INTRODUCTION. 

victory, and the ten thousand unwritten experiences that 
came to him in that stupendous effort to save the Union ; 
and never, while this Great Republic occupies her present 
proud position in the world, ought the people, North, 
South, East and West, to cease to hold in lasting- remem 
brance the deeds of those who dared to do and dared to 
die in order that a "government of the people, by the 
people, .for the people, might not perish from the earth." 

There are certain distinguishing characteristics of the 
American soldier in the war for the Union, which mark 
him and make him to stand forth illustrious. 

He was characterized by a most remarkable patriotism. 
His patriotism was not passive, but active. Daniel 
Webster once said that there are times when the most 
eloquent thing in the world is action. He tells us when 
those times occur. They come to a man when the life of 
his family or the nation hangs trembling in the balance. 
"Then patriotism is eloquent, then self-devotion is elo 
quent." That time came when the gathering storm of 
disunion burst upon the country. The nation s life 
hung trembling in the balance. Treason was in the air. 
Sumter had fallen. The flag had been insulted. Wash 
ington was menaced, and the streets of Baltimore ran 
red with Massachusetts blood. Then, flashing along the 
wires, there came the call for troops. How it thrilled the 
pulse of the loyal North, as it had rarely been thrilled 
before ! How the cry went round, "Whom shall we send, 
and who will go for us ? " Then out spoke the volunteer 
soldier. His response was hearty and sincere. His 
patriotism had the right ring. From city, town and 
hamlet there came back a cry like the voice of many 
waters, "Here am I; send me, send me!" And so they 
marched, as Homer makes his heroes march, with silence 
for their guide, through Boston, Baltimore and Wash 
ington, down to the Potomac, down to the Rappahannock, 



INTRODUCTION. 1 1 

down to the Mississippi, down to the Rio Grande ; 
and Bull Run, and Yorktown, and Antietam, and Fred- 
ericksburg, and Vicksburg, and Gettysburg, and Port 
Hudson, and the Wilderness, and Spottsylvania, and 
Petersburg, and Winchester, and Cedar Creek, and 
Appomattox, and a hundred other well-fought fields of 
battle told all the world that freemen s hearts are made 
of sterner stuff than that of cowards, and that their 
thought of liberty they could make emphatic, if need 
be, amid the rattle of the musketry and " the cannon s 
opening roar. 1 

The Volunteer soldier was also distinguished by a 
remarkable courage and intrepidity, displayed upon the 
field of battle. He was no shirk. He had a strong con 
viction that something must be done. He obeyed orders. 
Very few cases of insubordination occurred during the 
Civil War. Sydney Smith once said that a great deal of 
talent is lost to the world for want of a little courage. 
Another has told us that things out of hope are com 
passed oft by venturing. 

The venture of a brave man has accomplished wonders 
for the good of man. The history of the war for the 
Union, is bright with illustrations of this colossal truth. 
The campaign against Vicksburg was the venture of 
brave men. The successful issue of Shiloh was the ven 
ture of brave men. The Union army was defeated when 
the sun set at the close of the first day s conflict. That 
was a serious setting of the sun. Senator Pugh, of Ala 
bama says that that day was the great opportunity of the 
Southern Confederacy. 

That night there was a council of war. Sherman 
was there. Lew Wallace was there. Slocum and 
McClernand were there. There was a strong desire to 
fall back. Our lines had been broken ; our losses had 
been severe ; much of our artillery was in the hands 

B 2 



12 INTRODUCTION. 

of the enemy, and thousands of our brave men lay 
dead or dying- on the field of battle. But Ulysses S. 
Grant was invincible : he knew no defeat. At length 
he spoke. " Gentlemen," said he, "we will re-form the 
lines, and attack the enemy at daybreak." The lines were 
re-formed. They did attack at daybreak. They swept 
forward like an avalanche. They recovered lost ground. 
They drove the enemy before them in confusion. And 
when the next sun set, they slept as victors upon the 
very field from which they had been driven on the day 
before. General Grant believed in the courage and in 
trepidity of his men. He could trust his soldiers to 
execute his plans. He conquered because the rank and 
file were obedient even unto death. 

A similar scene occurred at Cedar Creek. Here the 
Third Massachusetts Cavalry, with other regiments of 
the Nineteenth Corps, had been surprised by General 
Early and forced back from their camp and away from 
the line of battle. Sheridan s arrival did not add a single 
regiment to the army. He made use of the men who 
composed that army. Turn the other way ! " was his 
command ; and it was obeyed. " Forward ! " was the 
watchword ; and no man halted. " Charge ! " was the sig 
nal ; and every man did his best. There was the clear 
conception, the firm resolve, the dauntless spirit; and 
it brooked no defeat. The man for the hour had ar 
rived ; the men for the hour were before him : and the 
result electrified the world. Tin soldiers could never 
have won at Cedar Creek.. 

Another distinguishing characteristic of the Union 
soldier was his patient endurance of the hardship and 
privation incident to a soldier s life. The writer served 
three years at the front. He was with his regiment 
amid some very trying circumstances. He saw the men 
march through swamps and bayous through mud and 



INTRODUCTION. 13 

water, knee-deep ; he saw them sleeping out of doors on 
dark, stormy nights, far from home ; he saw them footsore, 
hungry, sick, and dying from exposure and wounds ; but 
does not recall a single case of murmuring or unreason 
able complaint during the entire time the regiment was 
in the service. The men sometimes sighed for home. 
They ofttimes wished the "cruel war was over." But 
he does not remember hearing any soldier say he was 
sorry he had enlisted, or was unwilling to stay till the 
war was at an end. The men were generally good- 
natured. They sang songs in the night. Like true 
soldiers, they submitted gracefully to the inevitable. 
They were patient amid suffering. They bore their 
burdens in a spirit of uncomplaining fortitude. 

After one of the great battles of the war, a Union 
soldier a cavalryman lay upon the amputation table. 
A bullet had gone through his right arm, shattering the 
bone. Amputation was necessary. His right arm was 
removed and thrown upon a huge pile of arms and legs 
outside. At length he awakes. " Where is my arm ? 
Bring me my arm. I want to see my strong right arm." 
They brought it in. He looked at the lifeless member; 
then passed his left hand over the cold, clammy fin 
gers, and said, " Good bye, old arm, good bye. We ve 
been a long time together, and you ve been a good 
friend to me ; but we must part company now ! You ll 
never swing another sabre nor pull another carbine for 
the government ! " And then the hot tears poured down 
his manly cheeks. Turning to those who stood near, he 
said, " Mind you, I don t regret its loss. This strong right 
arm has been torn from my body that not one star shall 
be torn from this glorious Union ! " Such was the spirit 
with which our men went forth to battle ; such was the 
spirit with which they laid their limbs and lives upon a 
common altar, in a common cause. 



14 INTRODUCTION. 

Another prominent characteristic of the Northern vol 
unteer was his great magnanimity to a conquered foe. 
When Tamerlane went forth to battle, he piled the 
skulls of his numerous victims into pyramids that he 
might feast his eyes on the revolting sight. Sylla com 
manded the bones of Marius to be broken, his eyes to be 
pulled out, his hands to be cut off, and his body to be 
torn to pieces with pincers. Cataline was executioner. 
Fierce conquerors, in the olden time, cut off the heads 
of princes made captive by the fortune of war. When 
Vicksburg surrendered was any man s head cut off? 
Was General Banks cruel toward General Gardner 
when Port Hudson fell ? The Spaniards by their cruelty 
in Cuba rendered themselves odious. Chiefs have been 
burned alive ; men shot to death for trivial offences, 
and numerous horrible barbarities practised, to the 
everlasting shame of the Spanish kingdom. The Union 
soldier was not cruel. On the other hand, he was mag 
nanimous. He ofttimes shared his rations with the 
enemy. He traded coffee for tobacco. He did not hate 
the Southern soldier. He bore no ill-will toward him 
when he laid down his arms. Malevolence was not in 
his nature. He was ready to forgive. " If," as Lord 
Bacon says, "generous and magnanimous minds are 
readiest to forgive," then the men who fought for the 
Union were generous and magnanimous. For it must 
be remembered that Grant wreaked no vengeance at 
Vicksburg, nor Banks at Port Hudson, nor anyone at 
Appomattox. When Lee offered up his sword at the 
surrender, Grant gave it back. When the Southern sol 
diers threw down their arms, the conqueror gave them 
back their horses ; and in less than thirty years after 
the close of the war the Southern soldier was seated 
in the National Congress, making laws for the govern 
ing of the very nation against which in the Civil War 



INTRODUCTION. 15 

he had lifted up his hand, and which he had sought to 
destroy. That was an impressive scene which was wit 
nessed by one of our men during one of the great bat 
tles of the war. The battle was at its height ; shot and 
shell were flying through the air, and a Georgian fell be 
fore the awful fire. Several of his ribs were torn away 
by a piece of shell. The life blood was fast oozing out. 
Suddenly, a Union soldier came dashing forward, and fell, 
sharply wounded, close by the Southerner s side. The 
Confederate recognized his uniform, held out his hand 
and said, " We came into this battle as enemies, let us die 
friends." The Northern soldier took the extended hand, 
spoke kindly to the dying Confederate as he listened to 
his feeble "farewell." The Georgian passed over into 
the unseen world, but his companion in suffering escaped, 
and lived to relate this touching fact. 

The South was terribly torn when the great struggle 
ended. The conflict had cost her everything. Evidences 
of war s "foul desolation" were on every hand.. At 
Appomattox the Northern soldier extended the hand of 
friendship, and through the intervening years it has never 
been withdrawn. 



CHAPTER I. 



IN THE CAMP OF INSTRUCTION LYNNFIELD AND BOXFORD, 



The Summer of 62 Lincoln s Call The Men of the Forty-First Beginnings of 
Regimental Life Our Officers The First Night in Camp Captain Swift 
Makes a Speech The Regimental Line Major, Sergeant; Lieut-Colonel 
Wass, Colonel Chickering The Staff Removal to Boxford Drill Our 
Colors, Uniforms, Arms and Equipments Dress Parade Amusements 
Colonel Wass tells a Story Soldier s Songs Food and Drink Sworn in 
All Aboard for Boston " Good Rye to Camp Stanton. 

THE summer of 1862 was a most eventful period for the 
Union arms. Early in the season, General George B. 
McClellan, with as fine an army as was ever marshalled 
on the Western Continent, had started from Fortress 
Monroe on the famous Peninsula campaign. So aus 
piciously had this movement been inaugurated that much 
was naturally expected of McClellan ere the summer 
closed. 

The battle of Williamsburg had been fought and won ; 
Yorktown had fallen, and the Union army had marched 
to within a few miles of the Confederate capital. The 
spires of Richmond could be seen. Then came the battle 
of Fair Oaks and Mechanicsville, and the change of base. 
Then the Seven Days Battle and Malvern Hill, and the 
retreat to Harrison s Landing, on the banks of the James. 
The nation was disappointed. The Peninsula campaign 
was a failure. 

Momentous history was now making. The Peninsula 



C 



S . 

re-d 



1 2" 

O u?^ 

o< S 

Q.I1 

O< 03 

H . . 




IN THE CAMP OF INSTRUCTION. 17 

was abandoned. Pope was in the saddle ; the second 
Bull Run was fought and lost ; Chantilly followed 
the second Bull Run, and South Mountain followed 
Chantilly ; the invasion of Maryland was on, ending 
in the great battle of Antietam, the bloodiest battle 
of the war. McClellan was asking for reinforcements. 
President Lincoln had already called for three hundred 
thousand volunteers, and all through the summer days 
of 1862 men had been enlisting and drilling, and hurrying 
down to the front. Many of the finest regiments that 
Massachusetts furnished for the great conflict went out 
during these momentous days. The Forty-first Massa 
chusetts Volunteers was the last three-years regiment 
furnished by the State. 

It is extremely interesting, after many years, to trace 
and describe the beginnings of the regimental life. 
In the early summer days of 1862, a few companies of vol 
unteer soldiers found their way to Camp Stanton, then 
located in the town of Lynnfiel d, not far from the 
present town of Wakefield, or South Reading, as it was 
then called. Some of these men came from New Bed 
ford ; others from Lawrence ; others still from Rox- 
bury, one company was from Boston, another from 
East Boston, a few came from Lynn and Salem, and 
Gloucester, and the Cape. It is needless to say that 
much of the material of which the regiment was com 
posed was raw; and some of the officers found a portion 
of it exceedingly raw. The spirit was willing, but the 
flesh was weak. 

To organize these young patriots into companies ; to 
form the companies into a regiment, and to prepare by 
rigid discipline for the stern duties that were before them, 
was the task imposed upon the officers commissioned by 
Governor Andrew, the War Governor of the Common 
wealth. It is Longfellow who says that "war is a terrible 



1 8 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

trade ; but when the cause is righteous, sweet is the 
smell of powder." Those men were at Camp Stanton to 
learn a trade. How well they learned it, let the pages 
of this historical narrative tell. 

Captain John A. Vinal was made commander of Com 
pany A. His commission was dated August 23, 1862. As 
sociated with him were Lieuts. James W. Hervey and Eli- 
philet H. Robbins. These three officers were from New 
Bedford, and were commissioned by Governor Andrew, 
the same day. Commanding Company B was Captain 
Edward L. Noyes, who was commissioned August 27th, 
and with him were Lieuts. Cyrus T. Batchelder and 
Charles Stone, both commissioned the same day (August 
27th). They came from Lawrence. On September 27, 
Captain John L. Swift was commissioned to lead Com 
pany C, and with him was First Lieut. William T. 
Hodges, and Second Lieut. Theodore C. Otis, all of 
Roxbury. Captain Swift had formerly served as Sergeant 
in the Thirty-fifth Massachusetts Volunteers. 

Company C had been mustered in a certain hall in 
Roxbury. Captain Swift had brought his men to camp 
late in the day, and discovered that there were no tents in 
which the men might sleep during the night. It was de 
termined that the company should go out of the line 
and find quarters in an old chapel which stood by the 
roadside, not far away. The doors were opened and 
the men marched in. There was found no furniture in 
the room. The walls were bare and cold. It looked dis 
consolate. The men said nothing, but thoughts of home 
and friends rushed through their minds. Captain Swift 
stood up to explain. He was celebrated as a stump 
speaker. As he took the floor all eyes were fastened on 
him " Men," said he, " there are no quarters for us inside 
the lines, and this is the best that we can do for a sleeping 
place tonight. I have been invited to stop with my 



IN THE CAMP OF INSTRUCTION. IQ 

brother officers at the hotel, but declined the invitation, 
and shall stay with you here." Then, waxing eloquent, he 
said, " We have volunteered together to serve our coun 
try ; we shall sleep together, march together, eat together, 
fight together, and, if need be, die together on the field 
of battle. " This speech soothed their troubled minds, and 
the men soon lay down on the cold, hard floor and were 
quickly folded in the arms of sleep. 

Other " Captains Courageous " came to the regiment 
in due time. Among these were Capt. Frederic D. Pope, 
of Company D ; Capt. Lyman W. Gould, of Company E, 
and Capt. Francis E. Boyd, of Company F. On the 
regimental line at dress parade were seen the gallant 
forms of Lieut. William M. Gifford, of Company D, and 
Lieut. Wesley A. Gove, of Company E. Beside these 
there were Lieutenants Dane and Rhoades, and Muzzey 
and Frothingham, and Harris and Weston, and Henficld 
and Commerford, and others who served bravely at 
the front, and who, in after months, were promoted 
for "gallant and meritorious conduct on the field of 
battle." 

These three companies, A, B and C, have been men 
tioned first, since theirs were the highest honors in the 
regimental organization. Company A stood at the right 
of the line, Company B was on the left, and Company C 
occupied the centre. Company C was also the color 
company of the regiment. To her brave officers and 
enlisted men belonged the honor of carrying and caring 
for the State and National ensigns. The colors of the 
Forty-first never were trailed in the dust, nor were they 
ever dishonored on the " far-flung battle line." 

As the company organizations increased, a battalion 
was formed, and Major Lorenzo D. Sargent, of Lowell, 
was the man for the place. He was commissioned by 
Governor Andrew, August 23, 1862, and immediately 



2O THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

assumed the responsibilities of his station. He was a brave 
man, every inch a soldier, and one who challenged the 
respect and confidence of the men The writer remembers 
well the old gneen overcoat the major used to wear as he 
went about camp during the cool morning and evening 
, hours. One day in September there came to camp a man 
who was to be the Lieut.-Colonel of the regiment. He 
limped and used a cane. Our Lieut.-Colonel, Ansel D. 
Wass had already seen service at the front. As a captain 
in the Nineteenth Massachusetts, he had served under 
McClellan, during the Peninsula campaign, and had been 
wounded in the foot at Glendale. He was now recover 
ing, and on September 6th, 1862, had been commissioned 
Lieut.-Colonel of the Forty-first. The men recognized 
in him a leader. He had a good voice, a commanding 
presence, and a soldierly bearing. He was an excellent 
disciplinarian ; he understood his business. He handled 
the regiment without gloves. Of him, it could truly be 
said, there was the " clear conception, the firm resolve, 
the dauntless spirit." His was the spirit of a soldier. " It 
beamed in the eye ; it spoke on the lip ; it informed every 
feature, and it urged the whole man onward, right onward 
to his goal." 

On September isth, 1862, our Colonel came to camp. 
He was a fine looking man, of gentlemanly bearing, kind 
in his manner, and courteous in his conversation. He 
had served the Commonwealth for some years in the 
State Militia, and was gladly welcomed by the officers and 
men as our Jeader and commander. 

This record of the regiment would not be complete 
without some reference to the staff. 

Albert H. Blanch ird, of Sherborn, was commissioned 
Surgeon. With htm were two assistants, Daniel F. 
Leavitt and Daniel S. Allen. Rev. Henry F. Lane, of 
Lawrence, was made Chaplain. Then there was Quar- 



IN THE CAMP OF INSTRUCTION. 21 

termaster Charles B. Stoddard, ranking First Lieutenant, 
and Adjutant Henry S. Adams, of the same rank. These 
were the men who organized, drilled and fed the regi 
ment, at Camp Stanton, in 62. 

Late in the season, an order came for the regiment to 
pack up and make ready to move. A change of base was 
contemplated. Knapsacks were packed, baggage was 
boxed, and the men marched down to the railroad, where 
a long train of cars awaited them. During the night 
the train, bearing the Forty-first Regiment, rolled along 
toward South Reading, then switching to another track, 
conveyed the warriors to the town of Boxford, where 
they were to continue their military training. Boxford 
was located in Essex County farther north than Lynn- 
field, and about halfway between Andover and Haver- 
hill on a branch of the Boston & Maine Railroad. Here 
the regiment remained until its departure for the seat of 
war. 

But the drill of the men was the most important thing, 
after all. This occupied many hours each day. At first, 
the men must learn to " dress up," and " keep step," and 
"wheel into line." Then came company drill, and the 
manual of arms: "Attention, company!" "Shoulder 
arms !" " Right face !" " Forward march !" " Right wheel !" 
"Left wheel!" "Halt!" " Order arms !" and many more 
orders of a similar nature were familiar sounds heard 
during those eventful days in Camp Stanton. 

As a whole, the men learned with facility. If they were 
slow to obey orders, they were remanded to the awkward 
squad,- where they were handled by the sergeant in a most 
impressive manner. 

A beautiful stand of colors was presented to the regi 
ment during the summer, and p!aced in front of the 
colonel s tent. A color guard was organized, and sergeants 
Bullock and Caswell were detailed from Company C 



22 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

to be the regimental color-bearers. Both were strong, 
brave men, and they did their duty well. 

The men drew clothing: blue coats and blouses, with 
one row of brass buttons in front ; cap of a similar color, 
and pants of a lighter shade. Ah ! those were wonderful 
things we put on when we were uniformed. Warriors 
apparel was never designed for parlor or drawing room. 
The coats were big, the pants immense, and the shoes were 
generous to a fault. Had the uniforms been upholstered 
with the man inside, the latter had been safe from the 
whizzing bullet and the shrieking shell. 

In due time the regiment was furnished with arms and 
equipments. The rifles were the old Springfield, of the 
pattern in use in 62. Belts, boxes, and buckles were 
added, with haversacks and canteens. These were all 
marked, and the equipment was complete. 

Dress parade was the last important duty of the day. 
The Forty-first looked well in the regimental line. The 
Band was an attraction and many spectators from near 
and far witnessed the movements of the regiment at the 
close of day. The first thing in the morning was 
" Reveille," the last at night was " Taps." Then " Lights 
out !" was the order, and then " sweet sleep and pleasant 
dreams." 

The men of the Forty-first believed in fun. In making 
it, they sometimes showed great inventive genius. Many 
of the recruits played cards ; many more played pranks 
on their comrades in arms. Sometimes they tossed one 
another from blankets into the air, and caught the victim 
as he came down, in fear and trepidation. One night an 
elephant was seen in camp near headquarters. He had 
a trunk and four legs, one in each corner. He was a 
large-sized brute, and moved about with great facility ; he 
was not, however, imported ; he had not been borrowed 
from any menagerie, but manufactured for the occasion. 



IN THE CAMP OF INSTRUCTION. 23 

Two men constituted the body, and several army blan 
kets made the skin of the wild beast. This, with a little 
manipulation on the part of ingenious and enterprising 
promoters of the show, made a pretty fair imitation. One 
night the men serenaded Colonel Wass. The music 
was patriotic, the men more so. The Colonel seemed 
gratified and made a speech. " A Soldier s Reminis. 
cences," was his theme. He had just come from the 
front, via the hospital. He knew something of life on the 
firing line. Among other things, he referred to the battle 
of Bull Run. He told of a man either himself, or some 
one else who took part in the famous stampede. Colonel 
Wass said that the man wanted to be a hero, but his legs 
wouldn t let him. He ran likelightning. His movements, 
the Colonel claimed, were accelerated because the minie 
balls were chasing him. One of these came quite near 
his back. He put on more steam. He ran in hot haste 
toward Washington. The point the Colonel made was 
this : That for several miles that particular bullet re 
mained about one inch from his backbone, but got no near 
er. Some of the boys who had never heard soldiers swap 
lies, thought the man or the bullet, or both, remarkable. 

The songs of the soldiers were another interesting fea 
ture of camp life. Many of the men had fine voices, and 
carried their parts well. It was inspiring to hear a dozen 
or more voices singing Julia Ward Howe s "Battle Hymn 
of the Republic," or, "John Brown s body Lies Moulder 
ing in the Grave. A very popular song of the day was 
expressed in the following stirring words : 

"The soldiers are gathering from near and from far, 
The trumpet is sounding the call for the war- 
With God as our leader, and with hearts brave and strong, 
We ll gird on our armor, and go marching along/ 

To properly feed an army is not any ordinary task. 
The food of the raw lecruits at Camp Stanton was of a 



24 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

most interesting variety. Roast beef was rare. It was 
sought for, but could not be found. Of Parker House 
rolls there were none. Stewed beans were plentiful ; pota 
toes seldom failed to come to time. Salt beef, sometimes 
familiarly known as " salt horse," was conspicuous for 
its staying qualities. .Something was served to the boys 
galled " coffee." They used to say it was mixed with 
chicory. If our memory serves us correctly, it was more 
of a laxative than a tonic. Some of the more sceptical 
told their friends that, as a purgative, it was " thorough 
going." For their third meal, there was given the men a 
pot of tea and a thick slice of bread "only this, and 
nothing more." The men, however, did not complain. 
They were quite willing to accept the situation, eating 
what was set before them, asking no questions, very often, 
for conscience sake, and for the sake of the country and 
the flag. 

Quite a number of the men did a thriving business in 
milk, large quantities of which were brought to camp by the 
farmers from the surrounding country. The income derived 
from this retail milk business enriched their coffers and 
the coffee at the same time. That year there was trouble 
from a contraction of the currency. Postage stamps were 
consequently used instead. These, moistened by being 
handled by milk-wet hands, naturally became sticky, and 
one fellow said that the longer he stuck to his business, 
the more his income became " stuck up. " 

In due time we were sworn into the service of Uncle 
Sam. Every man raised his hand and solemnly affirmed 
that he would uphold the honor of the flag and defend 
the Constitution of the country. The men who took 
that oath kept it inviolate. On many a Southern battle 
field they fulfilled the pledge they that day made before 
God and many witnesses. The confidence reposed in 
them by Massachusetts was not misplaced. 




HISTORICAL COMMITTEE. 



IN THE CAMP OF INSTRUCTION. 25 

The time had now come when the regiment was to 
leave the State for the seat of war. To the men this 
was good news. Some of them had been in camp over 
three months. They had been longing for active service 
at the front. For many days they had been eager to go 
somewhere and do something in the name of the Com 
monwealth of Massachusetts. 

. At last, marching orders arrived. They were read on 
dress parade by Adjutant Henry S. Adams. They were 
as follows : 

HEADQUARTERS, FOR-I Y-.FIRST RKGIMENT, MASS. VOLUNTEERS, ^ 
CAMP STANTON, BOXFORD, October 30, 1862. ) 
General Order No. r. 

Upon assuming the command of this regiment, the Commander 
congratulates himself upon finding in its officers and ranks such good 
material to aid him in his ambition and desire to make this one of the 
best regiments in the service of our country. No exertions on his 
part shall be wanting to perfect this end; but, aware that his individ 
ual efforts will not accomplish this, he avails himself of this introduc 
tory order to request what he has the right to demand and enforce 
the co-operation of all officers, and the rank and file. We hive all en 
listed in a glorious and worthy cause. We are pledged to our Govern 
ment and to each other for three years to fight the battles of our coun 
try, to live or die together in defence of her laws and rights ; and the 
voice of every true soldier will respond : "We will do it ! " No matter 
to us the cause of the war, or the opinions of others in relation to it, or 
what we are to fight for. Sufficient for us to know we are to aid in 
crushing out rebellion, and by our oaths, already pledged, to k< sup 
port the CONSTITUTION and the UNION, and bear true alle 
giance to the United States, to serve faithfully against all their enemies, 
and obey the orders of all superior officers." Your Commander calls 
upon you to consider well the importance of the work you have un 
dertaken, to accomplish which we must be united as one man. In 
union is our strength." Let every officer and soldier feel that the 
reputation and success of our Regiment depends upon his individual 
efforts, actions, and example. 

The Regulations and Laws which govern our army will be strictly 
c 



26 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

enforced in every detail ; yet while he has the power to enforce submis 
sion to the law, the Commander trusts that the inclinations and desires 
of the men will prompt them to do that only which is right, thereby 
avoiding the necessity of a resort to compulsion. 

Our destination beyond Washington (after leaving this camp) is 
not known ; but wherever we go, let us be actuated by one feeling and 
desire, in common, to earn a reputation for our Regiment that 
ourselves, our friends, and coming generations shall read with pride 
and pleasure in the pages of the history of this country. 
By order of 

COLONEL T. E. CHICKERING. 
ADJUTANT. 

On Nov. 4th, 1862, preparation was making to leave 
Boxford, and on the.5th the men were ready to depart. The 
last drill was over, the last dress parade was witnessed, 
the last meal eaten, and the last song sung. The long 
train of cars was ready at the station, and the men eagerly 
entered it and took their seats. "All aboard for Boston ! " 
was the order of the hour, and the men of the Forty-first 
soon found themselves rolling through the country 
toward the great metropolis. 



CHAPTER II. 



EN ROUTE FOR THE WAR. 



Arrival in Boston Haymarket Square Our Escort Revolutionary Memories 
Boston Common Governor Andrew Reviews the Regiment March to Old 
Colony Station On the Fall River Steamer "State o f Maine" Arrival in 
New York In the Park Barracks Officers Reception The Camp at Long 
Island A Cook-House Riot Thanksgiving Day, 1862 Off for New York > 
A Secret Expedition. 

ON their arrival in Boston, the lines were formed near 
Haymarket Square, and the regiment, without delay, took 
up its march through the principal street of the historic 
town. It was known that we were on our way to New 
York, and that before we left Boston, the regiment would 
be reviewed by Governor Andrew. Many of the men 
had never seen Governor Andrew or New York. These 
new experiences, therefore, were most agreeable. An 
other agreeable surprise was the escort by which the 
regiment was honored. Colonel Chickering had for 
many years before the war been connected with the 
Volunteer Militia of the State. As a member of the 
Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association, he was 
not forgotten on the day when, at the head of his own 
regiment, he was to march through the streets of Boston. 
Colonel Chickering had also served as Captain in the 
New England Guards. Both of these organizations 
were ready and eager to do honor to the regiment 

of which their former comrade in arms was now 
c 2 



28 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Commander. Another honor in store for the regiment 
was the presence of General Banks in the procession. 
Chickering s command was to escort Banks through 
Boston. 

" Attention, Battalion ! " " Shoulder Arms ! " " By 
Platoons ! " Right Wheel ! " " Forward March ! " These 
were the orders that fell upon the ear of the men as the 
Forty-first began its march through Boston. 

The regiment attracted much attention on its march 
through the city. The demonstration in its favor was 




BOSTON & MAINE R.R. STATION, HAYMAKKET SQUARE, BOSTON. 

[As it appeared in 1862.] 

something unusual. Colonel Chickering had many 
friends in the Capitol, while three Companies had come 
from the immediate vicinity. Crowds of people lined 
the streets on either side, martial music floated out upon 
the air; elderly men looked on with a serious and 
thoughtful mien ; while wives and sweethearts waved 
hands and handkerchiefs in honor of the departing 
heroes. The men marched well. Platoon followed pla 
toon. Behind them was Bunker Hill; in front was 
Faneuil Hall. Out of the historic past Hancock, Adams 
and Otis looked down upon them from the battlements 
of fame. The Old South Church was passed, King s 




EN ROUTE FOR THE WAR. 29 

Chapel next ; then came Boston Common ; then the 
State House on Beacon Hill. Governor Andrew stood 
upon the steps. Past those steps forty 
thousand men had gone forth to stren 
uous service for the Union. The Forty- 
first Regiment passed in review. Eight 
companies were in the line. Seated on 
his richly caparisoned charger, Colonel 
Chickering never looked finer in his 
life. Lieut-Colonel Wass followed on 
a spirited steed. Major Sargent rode GGV - JOMN Al ANDRKW " 
next on a black horse ; while the Head-Quarters Staff 
occupied their respective places in the line. The sight 
was grand. The measured tread ; the roll of drums, the 
dancing banners, and the glittering bayonets ; mingled 
with the tears of women and the cheers of men, made a 
scene never to be forgotten by those who witnessed it. 

The Press spoke well of the Forty-first. As a sam 
ple, we copy the following, from the news column of the 
Boston Journal, Nov. 6, 1862 : 

AN EXCI J ED DAY IN BOSTON. 



RECEPTION OF THE FORTY-FIRST REGIMENT. ESCORT AND 
OVATION TO MAJOR-GENERAL BANKS. 

The demonstration and procession in honor of the 4ist 
Regiment, .Col. Chickering, was a grand affair. The various 
bodies constituting the escort were as follows : Boston Lan 
cers, Capt. Slade, about seventy-five in number; Massachu 
setts Charitable Association, 200 men, with barouches of the 
veterans, accompanied by Gilmore s band ; Mechanics of 
Boston, not members of the Association, 100 men, with the 
Warren Drum Corps, S. A. Stetson, Marshal; delegation of 
citizens from East Boston, which has furnished a company 



30 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

for the regiment, seventy-five men, accompanied by the Chel 
sea Brass Band, E. F. Porter, Marshal; piano-forte and me- 
lodeon manufacturers, comprising workmen of Hallett, Davis 
& Co., Mason & Hamlin, and E. & G- G. Hook, i^o men, 
C. F. Austin, marshal ; workmen of Mr. Chickering, 130 men, 
besides many old workmen in carriages, with the Brigade 
band. D.T. Harraden, L. A. Cutter, D. L. Rice and Thomas 
Bothorp, marshals ; the whole procession being under the di 
rection of N. J. Bradlee as chief marshal. 

The procession formed on the corner of Chauncy and Bed 
ford streets, and proceeded to the Parker House on School 
street, where they received Maj. Gen. Banks, and escorted 
him to Haymarket square, to await the arrival of the regiment, 
which had tendered him an escort to his headquarters in New 
York. On his appearance, General Banks was received with 
most hearty cheers by the assembled multitude. He took his 
seat in an open barouche, which was drawn by four splendid 
gray horses. Mayor Wightman and Captain Hatfield of Gene 
ral Banks staff, also occupied seats in the carriage with him. 

The procession moved on to Tremont street, where it was 
joined by the Roxbury Reserve Guard, 55 men, under Captain 
Wyman, and proceeded thence to Haymarket square. Here 
they were destined to wait until half past 2 before the regi 
ment arrived. Meanwhile, an immense concourse of people 
had assembled in the square^ and its vicinity. The streets 
were crowded, and the windows of the buildings in the 
vicinity were filled with earnest waiters for the regiment. 
General Banks was greeted on his arrival by the most enthusi 
astic cheers of the multitude. On arriving at the depot the 
regiment immediately disembarked and formed in Canal street, 
and under the escort before described, proceeded through 
Blackstone, Commercial, State and Washington streets to 
the Common. 

The scene as the procession moved along the streets, and 
especially up State street, must have been seen to be realized. 
No description can convey any idea of it. As Colonel Chick 
ering came in view, sitting on his magnificent charger, and 



EN ROUTE FOR THE WAR. 3! 

looking every inch a soldier, the multitudes who lined the 
streets testified their esteem for the man by the most enthu 
siastic cheers. Company after company received the greet 
ings of their friends, and when the carriage containing 
General Banks came in sight it seemed as though the crowd 




STATE HOUSE, BOSTON. 

could not contain themselves, The men cheered, and swung 
their hats and canes. The ladies who crowded every balcony 
and window waved their handkerchiefs, clapped their gloved 
hands, and showered bouquets upon Massachusetts able and 
gallant son. General Banks was evidently deeply affected by 
the earnestness and warmth of the people for him, as expressed 



32 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

in their greetings, and acknowledged the honor paid him by 
frequently rising and bowing to the multitude. On arriving 
at the Common, General Banks was received by the major- 
general s salute of 13 guns. 

The colors of the regiment were borne by the Roxbury 
company, Captain Swift. 

Owing to the lateness of the hour, the regiment at once re 
sumed the line ot. march through Beacon, Park, Winter. 
Washington, Essex, Harrison Avenue and Kneeland streets, 
to the Old Colony depot, where the men took cars for New 
York by the Fall River route. 

The regiment is the last of the three-year regiments from 
this State, and numbers seven hundred men. It is armed with 
Springfield rifles. 

That the demonstration was something immense we 
learn from an editorial in the same paper, Nov. 6, 1862. 
We read : 

In the whole course of the war Boston has not seen a day 
more remarkable and interesting in many respects than yes 
terday We have sent off many noble regiments of soldiers, 
carrying with them as much love and pride as any body of 
men could merit or wish ; but we have never before received 
and passed on the way to battle four Massachusetts regi 
ments in a single day. That we did yesterday, amid demon 
strations which were alike honorable to givers and receivers. 
The people thronged the streets, and with the beautiful sun 
shine resting upon them almost filled the walks of the Com 
mon. The enchantment of music, the steady marching of the 
troops, the waving oi flags, the appropriate responses of the 
commanders to the patriotic reminiscences of Winthrop, and 
the enthusiastic ovation paid to General Banks, all entered 
into the fascination of the scene, and will long live in the 
memory of every spectator. 



EN ROUTE FOR THE WAR. 33 

As the writer recalls the scenes of that eventful day, 
there is nothing he remembers more than the youthful 
enthusiasm of the men who made up the rank and file. 

Reared in happy homes, trained in the arts of peace, 
and without experience in the arts of war, summoned 
now by State and Nation to go forth and bare their breast 
to the fury of the storm, they now respond. The spirit 
of that response was in the air; it filled every man. " It 
burst forth like volcanic fire, with spontaneous, original, 
native force." 

The men of 62 possessed in a remarkable degree the 
hopefulness and enthusiasm of youth. A large propor 
tion of the rank and file of the Union army were under 
age; many had not seen eighteen summers; thousands 
were fourteen, fifteen, sixteen years of age. But, because 
they were young, they were hopeful ; their youth brought 
to the army a large amount of irrepressible enthusiasm. 

When the allied armies of Europe marched against the 
city of Paris in 1814, the most heroic deeds performed by 
its defenders were the deeds of boys. On the heights of 
Montmartre the Parisian artillery was posted. The guns 
were manned by pupils from the Polytechnic school, from 
twelve to fifteen years of age. They were inexperienced 
in war; and yet they made a record, rivalling, if not excel 
ling the record of the veterans with whom they were 
associated. So well directed was their fire, that the ap 
proaches to their position were filled with the dead bodies 
of the enemy. 

When the storm of civil war burst upon this country, 
it was young men who filled the ranks of the Union 
armies. Young men became the defenders of the Con 
stitution and the Union. Transformed into disciples 
of war, they manned the forts; they worked the guns; 
they served the Union batteries, with the enthusiasm and 
energy of youth. They walked through the fire, and 



34 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

never shrank from any post of duty, until the war was 
over, and the Republic was secure. 

The review ended, the regiment proceeded to the Old 
Colony Depot, and took the cars for Fall River. At the 
latter city, the Sound steamer, " State of Maine," received 
the youthful warriors, and the men soon found themselves 




OLD COLONY R. R. STATION, KNEELANI) STREET, BOSTON. 

[As it appeared in 1862.] 

sweeping over the waters of Long Island Sound, on their 
way to the great city at the mouth of the Hudson. 

New York gave Colonel Chickering and his men a 
warm reception. The regiment marched up Broadway 
to " Park Barracks," opposite City Hall. These barracks 
had been erected in the " Park " as a temporary stopping 
place of regiments passing through New York to the 
front. Here the men remained one week. During this 



EN ROUTE FOR THE WAR. 35 

time the officers and men were given an opportunity to 
"see the sights, and do the town." 

Regimental guard was maintained ; but beyond this 
the duties imposed upon the men were light. During the 
week the officers were tendered a gracious reception by 
patriotic friends in the city. The papers said it was 
a brilliant affair. The officers were dined and wined at 
the Astor House, and eloquent men spoke on the state of 
the Nation, the progress of the war, and what the Forty- 
first would endeavor to do to bring the struggle to a suc 
cessful issue. 

The week in Park Barracks, however, was soon over. 
Such experiences could only be an incident in the life of 
a soldier. What next, and where next, was the question 
on every lip. The uncertainty of the situation was soon 
eliminated by the arrival of an order for the regiment 
to proceed to Long Island, and establish a camp at 
Union Racecourse. The men packed knapsacks, fell 
in, said good bye to Park Barracks, marched to the ferry, 
crossed the East River, and were soon on the march to 
camp. It was the first march of any length the regi 
ment had made in the open country. About five miles 
out from the city was the somewhat famous Union Race 
course. 

Here the men were to make a Camp and remain one 
month. It must be confessed that the men were some 
what disappointed at this turn in the tide of affairs. 
They had hoped that when their stay in New York 
should end, they would be sent to the front. It was 
whispered that a secret expedition was organizing in New 
York, and that the Forty-first was to be identified with it. 
What was the object of the expedition, nobody knew. 
Some said it was Charleston ; others affirmed that we 
were going to Port Royal; wiser heads asserted that we 
were going to capture Mobile, and a few, who thought 
they had got the secret, said New Orleans. 



EN ROUTE FOR THE WAR, 37 

The experience of the regiment at the racecourse on 
Long Island was marked by nothing unusual or exciting. 
Tents were pitched daily, guard-mounting was main 
tained, drill and dress parade was the usual order of the 
day. Cold weather came. Ice and snow saluted us. 
Thanksgiving came, and with its coming came loaded 
teams. Kind friends at home had not forgotten the boys 
who had left home. A great variety of good things came 
out of the boxes with which the express teams were 
loaded. Pies, cakes, chickens, turkeys, doughnuts, and 
mittens, gloves and underwear, and many other things too 
numerous to mention made glad the hearts of the men, 
during those somewhat severe -November days, in 62. 

Other regiments came to the camp at Long Island. 
One day the Fifteenth N. H. Volunteers marched through 
the gateway. At its head rode Colonel Kingman and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Blair, afterwards U. S. Senator from 
the Granite State. The relations between this regiment 
and the Forty-first were generally of an amicable charac 
ter, but one day they became somewhat strained on 
account of what somebody called "poor rations." Irrita 
tion resulted, loud talk followed, and a small-sized cook 
house riot came next. 

In after years, at a reunion of New Hampshire vete 
rans, in a " Soldier s Poem," occurred the following allu 
sion to the famous cook-house riot on Long Island. 

New Hampshire troops were in that fight. 
I am quite sure twould not be right 
To pass in si/ence certain men 
Who fought, and live to fight again. 

Their Colonel was a Kingly man, 

His place was always in the van. 

He fought two fights and fought them through, 

Long Island and Port Hudson too. 



38 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Long Island was a cook-house flght. 
He said the rations were not right, 
But, as he led his valiant host, 
The Colonel s spectacles were lost, 

At length there came the welcome news that our so 
journ on Long Island was to end. A happier set of men 
could not be found. " Ready for service " was the 
thought and desire of all. On the 4th day of December, 
1862, the regiment broke camp; marched out of the 
Racecourse, and proceeded toward New York City. It 
was a muddy march, but not a long or tiresome one. 
We reached town in good spirits, and passed through the 
streets to a certain pier, where lay an ocean steamer 
which was to be to us another temporary home. 



CHAPTER III. 



ON AN OCEAN TRANSPORT. 



Embarkation of the Forty-first The "North Star" "A Life on the Ocean 
Wave" Seasickness In the Gulf of Mexico Ship Island Arrival at 
New Orleans Banks Relieves Butler Rapid Firing on the Forty-first 
The Nineteenth Army Corps General Cuvier Grover s Division A Solemn 
Night The Retaking of Baton Rouge Landing of the Forty-first A 
Bloodless Engagement. 

AT four o clock on December 4th, 1862, the regiment 
went on board the " North Star." This steamer had been 
chartered by the Government to convey the troops to 
their destination. She was a side-wheel steamer large 
for the times furnished by Commodore Vanderbilt, 
capable of carrying about a thousand men. Bunks had 
been constructed between decks for the accommodation 
of the men, who were made as comfortable as the cir 
cumstances would permit. The gang-plank was soon 
cast off, and the good ship swung from her moorings, and 
steamed out into the harbor. She had not gone far 
before she dropped anchor and awaited future develop 
ments. It was soon learned that General Banks and 
Staff were to accompany the regiment on the trip, and 
the men felt honored in having the company of the Com 
mander of the expedition. 

Meanwhile, other regiments were gathering at other 
places of rendezvous, in order to embark on other trans 
ports for the same place of destination. The " Banks 



40 THE THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Expedition " had now become well organized, and import 
ant developments were expected soon. About fifty 
steamers had been chartered for this movement, and 
10,000 troops were to be transported by them. The 
fleet was divided into two parts or divisions. One part 
was to sail from Fortress Monroe, under the immediate 
supervision of General Emory. His flagship was the 
" Baltic," which carried the Thirty-eighth Massachusetts, 




STEAMSHIP "NORTH STAR." 

which had been near us in the camp at Lynnfield. This 
fleet was composed of six steamers, convoyed by the 
gunboat Augusta. Another fleet was composed of seven 
steamers, accompanied by another gunboat. The "Baltic," 
the "Atlantic" and the " North Star" were the largest 
and fastest steamers in the expedition. The " North 
Star " went alone ; no gunboat was in sight. Banks, 
doubtless, felt perfectly safe with the Forty-first so near 
him. 



ON AN OCEAN TRANSPORT. 41 

Great things were expected of this army, now afloat on 
the ocean. Great secrecy was enjoined. In speaking of 
it a writer says : "A padlock was put on every officer s 
lip. It was considered a criminal offence to guess as to 
its destination." It is reported that an officer came near 
being shot because he asked General Banks "where they 
were going, and whether he should take light or heavy 
clothing." The answer of the General shed no light on 
the dark problem. Take both, sir!" was all that came 
from his lips. War secrets, however, leaked out with sur 
prising rapidity. The enemy, in those days, often knew 
more about a given movement than the people of the 
North. The secret crossed the line much more rapidly 
than the advance guard of the army. The Southerners 
knew all about the Banks Expedition from its very in 
ception. 

And it has very gravely been said by one who knows 
of what he writes, that the " Confederates made no at 
tempt to sink the fleet, feeling sure that Banks alive and 
in their territory, "might be of more service to them, 
than by making him and his men food for powder or 
fishes." 

During the evening, General Banks and staff came on 
board, and the "North Star" started on her mysterious 
voyage. Down the harbor, under cover of darkness, and 
past Sandy Hook we steamed, then southward and along 
the Jersey coast. 

Now, for the first time, the men enjoyed, or failed to 
enjoy " a life on the ocean wave." Many of them had 
never been on the sea before. " A home on the rolling 
deep," was something altogether new and strange. It was 
some time before many of them got on their " sea legs." 
One man said he " got on his back much easier and much 
oftener than on his legs." Sea-sickness broke out in 
certain quarters at certain times during the voyage. The 



42 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

rations given, did not help matters much. Salt pork 
(raw) and hard-tack (hard) did not conduce to the health 
and happiness of the men. 

A comrade, referring- to this part of his experience, 
writes : " I well remember my free ride on the North 
Star. The impression made upon my youthful mind 
has never been effaced. The only square meal I got on 
that army transport consisted of hard-tack and raw pork. 
The pork was extremely raw. It was rawer than any 
recruit we had in the entire command. I ate it, because 
I had to, or starve. I came near starving as it was ; be 
cause after I had eaten it, I could not keep it down. I 
tried hard enough, but the slippery thing would not stay 
down. I sat down on my dinner several times, but the 
pork and hard-tack, like murder, would out. To tell the 
truth, I was seasick. There were times when I sighed 
for dry land. The man who wrote A Life on the Ocean 
Wave didn t know what he was talking about. I was 
naturally generous hearted, but I had never seen the time 
before when I was willing to empty myself of all my pos 
sessions, for the sake of being well. 

" I said as I looked at my bread : This is hard. I 
deliberately made up my mind to cast my bread upon 
the waters. I did so, and with it, the pork. Involuntary 
generosity may lack merit. It relieved me, however, and 
supplied a need among the finny tribe. That trip of the 
North Star yielded them a generous contribution. I often 
saw men looking over the ship s rail. They appeared to 
be in deep meditation. Suddenly, as the ship would 
heave, % they would do likewise, and their earthly posses 
sions were gone. I had often been told that the seafaring 
men were generous hearted. I never knew before, how 
ever, that it came on so suddenly." 

Another comrade thus writes of what he remembers of 



ON AN OCEAN TRANSPORT. 43 

his voyage on the " North Star." " I was born a landlub 
ber. I had none of the material in me of which an old 
salt is made. I lost my appetite on some days on the 
trip from New York to New Orleans. I lost something 
else overboard several times. I was like the man who 
went to Europe for his health for the first time. When 
he came home, they asked him if the sea voyage gave him 
an appetite. Oh, yes, said he. I had six meals a day 
three down and three up. 

Another comrade muses thus: - 

I was one of the few, 

Who was taken to do, 
Because I did not feel well. 

My temper was riled, 

My stomach was biled. 
My feelings no language can tell- 

The old army ration 

Produced irritation ; 
But the men took down what they drew. 

And so raw was the pork, 

We had brought from New York ; 
Where they put it all, nobody knew. 

Now, the dear little fishes 

Were fond of such dishes ; 
And came round as if they were sent ; 

And they opened their mouth, 

As the men journeyed South, 
And over the ship s side the food went. 

I read in my "log," 

They were fond of salt hog, 
And almost laughed themselves hoarse ; 

With appetites hearty, 

A Thanksgiving party, 
It paid them to watch the ship s course. 



44 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

As I think of those days, 

My soul offers praise 
That at length we were freed from our pain; 

And this comfort, in part, 

Comes home to my heart : 
Our loss was the dear fishes gain. 

At sea, every object is interesting. Even a storm 
broke up the monotony of life on shipboard. The first 
day out we saw nothing, for we were out of sight of 
land. The second day, we saw horse mackerel and 
flying-fish. Soon we were in the warmer waters of the 
Gulf Stream. Men sat on deck and told stories and 
sang songs. 

One of these was an old-timer: A man, by the name 
of John had gone to sea for the first time. When he 
came home he had some w r onderful stones to tell. 

" What have you seen ? " said his aged mother. 

" Oh, wonderful sights," said John. " I have seen rivers 
of rum, mountains of gold, and flying-fish." 

The old lady replied : " John, you lie. God never 
never made fish with wings ; I ll not believe you." 

The next time John came home he had another tale to 
tell. 

" John, what have you seen, this time ? " 

; Well, mother," said John, " I went down to Egypt, 
and I fished in the waters of the Red Sea, and at the 
first throw, I fished up something very heavy. It was 
round, and made of gold. What do you suppose it was?" 
said John. 

" Don t know," said his mother. 

" Well, mother ; it was one of the tires of Pharaoh s 
chariot-wheels," said John. 

" Now I believe you," said the old lady ; that sounds 
natural. But when you tell me that you have seen flying- 
fish, I ll not believe a single word you say." 



ON AN OCEAN TRANSPORT. 45 

Truth is sometimes stranger than fiction. The won. 
ders of the deep are numerous, and the men of the 
Forty-first now looked for the first time on some of 
them. 

On the evening of the Qth, we saw a revolving light on 
one of the Bahama Islands. Now, we were off Hatteras. 
Not long before a fearful storm had spread devastation 
along this dangerous coast. We were all glad when, on 
the loth, we entered the Gulf of Mexico. Several steam 
ers were sighted, but no land. Men were now guessing 
as to our place of destination. It was either Mobile or 
New Orleans, sure. On the i4th of December we sighted 
Ship Island; a low, sandy place, not fit for a barbarian to 
dwell upon. At 9 o clock we dropped anchor in the har 
bor, and watched the arrival of other transports. Our 
stay, however, was short. At about 2 p. M. the " North 
Star" weighed anchor, and steamed out into the Gulf. 
The rest of the fleet followed. Ship Island had no 
attractions for the Forty-first. It had been General But 
ler s base of operations before Farragut had immortalized 
his name by running past the forts on the lower Missisippi, 
and by the capture of New Orleans in 61. The " North 
Star " now steered a straight course toward the mouth of 
the Mississippi. Suddenly, when about to clear the bar at 
South West Pass she ran aground, and stuck fast in the 
mud. The good ship remained in this position from two 
in the morning until six o clock, when having taken a pilot 
on board, we got off the bar and proceeded up the river. 
Twenty-five miles above South West Pass are the forts, 
"Jackson" and " Philip;" one on either side of the river. 
As we passed these fortifications, now manned by Uncle 
Sam s bluecoats, a Major-General s salute was fired, and 
we hurried on our way. Beautiful *trees lined the bank 
of the river on either hand. Rich plantations of wealthy 
men ; fields of cotton, rice and sugar, orchards laden with 



46 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

ripening oranges, greeted the men as we passed along. 
Past the " English Turn " we go, and the famous field of 
Chalmette, where General Jackson defeated Pakenham 
in the last great battle of 1812. Now, there come in 
view the spires of the Crescent City, with its forest 
of smokestacks and crowded levees, and at one of which 
we stop, and the ponderous engines of the " North Star" 
are still. Our ocean voyage was over. 

Soon after our arrival at New Orleans, General Banks 
and Staff left the steamer, and we saw him no more for 
a season. He had come to relieve General Butler, whose 
headquarters were at the St. Charles Hotel. This, there 
fore, was the first duty he must perform ; and in due time, 
without much ceremony or flourish of trumpets, the com 
mand of the Department of the Gulf passed from Gene 
ral Butler to General Banks. 

Not long after the "North Star" had tied up at the 
levee, the boys were treated to one of the greatest surprises 
of their lives. The men supposed that the city had been 
pacified under the patriotic and loyal administration of 
General Butler. The flag of our country could be seen fly 
ing from the staff over the Custom House ; United States 
troops were in the city, unmolested ; quite a strong force 
was in the " regions beyond," and large reinforcements 
were arriving. We were not looking for any inimical 
demonstrations. The regiment was, therefore, greatly 
surprised when rapid-firing guns opened on them from 
the shore. It should be remembered, however, that the 
ammunition used was not "grape and canister ;" not shot 
and shell ; but oranges. A large company of vendors of 
fruit were on the levee. At first many of the men bought 
what they could with what little money they possessed ; 
but as their appetites for oranges was large, and their 
financial ability small, trading soon ceased, and bombard 
ing began. It was the first time the men had been " under 



ON AN OCEAN TRANSPORT. 



47 



fire," and they stood it well. Every shot took effect, and 
the firing (of oranges) ceased only after the ammuni 
tion had been exhausted. This "warm reception " ac 
corded the Forty-first Regiment at New Orleans pro 
duced a profound impression on the men, and has never 
been forgotten. 

General Banks had been sent to New Orleans to ac- 




GKNERAL GROVHLR. 



complish three things. In the first place, he was to main 
tain and regulate civil government in Louisiana. In the 
second place he was to originate a miltary movement 
against all armed rebellion in Louisiana and Texas. The 
third task imposed upon him was to co-operate with Gene 
ral Grant in opening the Mississippi. While Grant was 
to operate against Vicksburg, Banks was to move against 
Port Hudson, The first thing done by General Banks 



48 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

on his assuming command was the organization of the 
Nineteenth Army Corps. One of the Division Comman 
ders was to be Brigadier-General Cuvier Grover. This 
division was ordered up the river at once, and General 
Grover was commanded by General Banks to retake and 
hold Baton Rouge as a base of operations. The Forty- 
first Regiment was to take an important part in this 
movement, and the "North Star" was therefore ordered 
to proceed without delay to the designated place of ren 
dezvous. Accordingly, at 10 o clock on the morning of 
December i6th, 1862, the " North Star " left her moorings 
at New Orleans, said good bye to our new-made friends 
on shore, and turned her prow up stream. The rest of 
the fleet followed, under the command of General Grover. 
We did not know what kind of a reception awaited the 
regiment at the next stopping place. Baton Rouge had 
once been occupied by Northern troops, but had been 
abandoned some months before. On Aug. 5th, 1862, while 
the Forty-first was drilling at Lynnfield, Baton Rouge had 
been attacked by the Confederate General Breckenridge, 
with quite a strong force of Southern soldiers. General 
Thomas Williams had commanded the Union forces, 
and had met his death in the midst of the conflict. 
In this battle, the Thirtieth Massachusetts Volunteers 
and Nim s Mass, battery had done valiant service. The 
battle was a severe engagement, in which the Union 
forces were victorious, and which resulted in the retreat 
of Breckenridge to the interior, and the destruction of the 
ram " Arkansas " by the gunboat " Essex." It seemed 
advisable, however, a few days after the battle, for the 
Northern troops to be withdrawn from the city; ac 
cordingly, on August 1 6th, Baton Rouge was evacuated 
by the Union Army. 

The Forty-first Regiment was now on its way up the 
Mississippi, to recover this lost ground. Everything was 




COL. LORENZO D. SARGENT 



ON AN OCEAN TRANSPORT. 49 

put in readiness in order that our landing might not be 
impeded. Guns were loaded, arms and equipments put 
in order, knapsacks packed ; and the regiment prepared 
for action. On the night before we took the city, the 
men assembled in the cabin. We were soon to land in 
the enemy s country. Serious work was possibly before 
us. How serious the taking of Baton Rouge would be, 
no one could tell. It was a solemn moment to most who 
were present that night. Colonel Chickering and the 
other field officers looked grave. The line officers shared 
their feelings. Chaplain Lane conducted divine service^ 
and spoke kindly and hopefully to the men. A fervent 
prayer was offered that the God of Nations would order 
all t hings well, and that no misfortune might befall the 
regiment and the expedition on the coming day. 

On the morrow, great was our relief to meet the iron 
clad " Essex" and other gunboats, which now convoyed 
our unarmed steamships to their place of destination. 

On the morning of December 17, the "North Star" 
came in sight of the city. Yonder, on the right bank, was 
the beautiful State House, whose white walls, piled block 
on block, rose in substantial symmetry before us. Beyond 
was the State Asylum and the spires of a neighboring 
church. 

Soon the dogs of war were let loose, and the " Essex" 
opened fire upon the city. It had been reported that a 
force of Confederate cavalry was in the vicinity. How 
large this force was we did not know, neither did we 
know what opposition to our landing might be made. 
The firing ceased ; and the Forty-first was ordered to 
land. The gunboat " Essex " drew in close to the shore, 
the "North Star" came in close alongside the " Essex;" 
and the men of the Forty-first, leaving the decks of the 
North Star" for ever, crossed the deck of the "Essex," 
and, for the first time, stood upon Southern soil. 



ON AN OCEAN TRANSPORT. 5! 

Sergeants Bullock and Caswell bore the regimental 
colors up the steep embankment, on through the streets 
of the city; the Confederate cavalry fleeting in all direc 
tions; and the flag of the Union, the emblem of liberty? 
was once more set up in the capital city of Louisiana, 
never again to be hauled down or trailed in the dust. 

The city had been taken without the loss of a man ! 




= r 

> -"a 

H fr 



CHAPTER IV. 



IN THE ENEMY S COUNTRY. 



Throwing up Earthworks On Picket Burning of State House General Inspec 
tion Loading and Firing Brigade Drill Reviewed by General G.rover 
Death of James Steele Resignation of Colonel Wass Another Removal of 
Camp Picket Firing Bridge Burning Grand Review by Banks, Augur and 
Grover The Feint on Port Hudson Destruction of the " Mississippi." 

THE first order given by General Grover, after the regi 
ment had occupied the city, was to "throw up earthworks." 
Our commander believed in the spade; with him, an 
ounce of prevention was worth more than a pound of cure. 
Some of the men had seen a spade before, others knew 
the use of a pen better than that of the spade. All went 
to work with a will, and before long a good line of earth 
works environed our camp. We did not know how soon 
the enemy might attack. He was not far away, and might 
come at any time. General Grover was not to be caught 
napping. He kept the men on the alert day and night. 
On December i8th, the next day after landing, the regi 
ment was turned out at half past four in the morning, and 
kept under arms until daylight. If the enemy had put in 
an appearance that morning before breakfast, the garrison 
would have given them a warm reception. 

The next day the "long roll " sounded, and once more 
the men sprang to arms. It was very early. We could 
hardly see what we were doing. We marched to the 



54 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 



breastworks and remained until daylight, waiting for the 
coming of a foe who did not come. On the 2ist, another 
"long roll " sounded; another rush to the works, but no 
attack. The men began to think the enemy was not 
coming at all. The next day Company C went on picket. 
This was a new experience for the men. 

At the junction of the Greenburg and Clinton roads a 




ON PICKET DUTY. 

picket post was established, about one mile east of the 
city. On the night of the 28th of December the beauti 
ful State House, whose lofty walls had greeted us as we 
came up the river, was in flames. All efforts to save the 
property were futile, and the massive structure was soon 
in ruins. Nothing but the blackened walls remained. On 
the 29th, our pickets had a brush with the enemy. Some 
of their cavalry had come a little too near for safety. They 



IN THE ENEMY S COUNTRY. 55 

were easily routed and driven off, leaving four of their 
number killed, and having two wounded. This was the 
first time our men had met the foe. On the 3ist of De 
cember, there occurred a general inspection of the regi 
ment. Everything was in perfect order. Muskets were 
cleaned, brasses brightened, clothing brushed, and shoes 
blacked. Many a soldier s rating was the result of 
these inspections. The regimental officers seemed pleased 
at the appearance of the men ; while the men seemed 
greatly relieved when the operation was over. The routine 
of camp life went on ; guard mounting, picket duty, drill 
and dress parade were the order of the day. Occasionally, 
a respite was thrown in to break up the monotony. Such 
a surprise came with the beginning of the new year. On 
January nth the regiment was turned out, ordered into 
line in light marching order, marched to the breastworks, 
where the men were drilled for an hour in loading and 
firing. Many of them wished they could see something 
to fire at. It can truthfully be said that some of them 
were spoiling for a fight. The firing ceased, and a brigade 
drill followed. On January 13, while the regiment was 
on brigade drill, they were again surprised by the long 
roll. " Double quick ! " was the order, and away the men 
hurried to the earthworks. General Grover was evidently 
preparing the men for serious work. What they were 
now learning was of great value to the regiment in after 
days. On January i8th, the Forty-first was brigaded with 
the Twenty-fourth Connecticut, Fifty-second Massachu 
setts, and Ninety-first New York regiments of infantry, 
Colonel Van Zant commanding. On January 24th, the 
brigade was reviewed by General Grover. It was a fine 
parade, and the largest body of troops we had seen to 
gether at one time. 

On the 3Oth of January, the first death came to the 
regiment. Private James Steele, of Boston, a member of 



56 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Company C, passed into the unseen world. He was a fine 
young man, amiable in disposition, courteous in his rela 
tions with his comrades, and heroic unto death. He had 
eagerly desired to serve his country ; had enlisted as a 
private in Captain Swift s company, then forming in Rox- 
bury, and leaving mother and sister behind, had braved 
the hardship of a soldier s life at his country s, call, 

He did not live long, however, to serve the cause he 
loved. Stricken by consumption, soon after reaching 
Baton Rouge, the wasting disease had consumed his feeble 
form, and on the 3Oth of January he breathed his last. 
Many in the regiment sincerely mourned his untimely 
departure. The following tribute, the author most will 
ingly bears to the memory of one with whom he was 
well acquainted and whose name he will always revere : 

IN MEMORIAM. 



BY CHAPLAIN JAMES K. EWER. 

Our comrade has passed from our natural sight : 
He has ended the march and fought his last fight. 
He has reached the fair shore of a beautiful land. 
He has gone into camp with a glorified band. 

When the Civil War raged, in the days that are past, 
He was willing to go, and was brave to the last ; 
He sacrificed home and entered the strife, 
And defended with others the national life. 

In the walks of peace he was loyal and true ; 
The Bible he loved, his Redeemer he knew; 
The Church found in him a reliable friend ; 
His life was devoted, and peaceful his end. 

We shall miss from our ranks his genial face ; 
Another may sit in his usual place ; 
But around our Camp-fire we shall mention his name 
Who now camps on the ground of perpetual Fame. 



IN THE ENEMY S COUNTRY. 57 

Comrade Steele was buried in a soldier s grave in the 
suburbs of Baton Rouge, Colonel Chickering and the en 
tire regiment escorting the body to its last resting place. 
The last rites were solemnized, and another life was laid 
on a common altar in a common cause. 

With the beginning of the new year came timely re-in- 
forcements to the regiment. It will be remembered that 
the Forty-first left Massachusetts with only eight com 
panies. Now, at length, two more were to be added to 
our number. On February 4th, there came to camp two 
companies from the Thirty-third Massachusetts Volun 
teers. These companies had served in the Thirty-third, 
with honor to themselves and their command, and had 
been located in the vicinity of Washington. 

Henceforth, they were to be identified with the life and 
fortunes of the Forty-first. Two new captains were now 
on the regimental roster, viz., John C. Wyman,who was on 
detached service elsewhere, and David T. Bunker, who 
afterwards became one of the Majors in the Third Cavalry. 
The regiment now sustained a second loss, in the depar 
ture of Colonel Wass. On February 6th he resigned and 
left camp for home. He had done excellent service in 
drilling and disciplining the regiment, and his resignation 
and departure were sincerely regretted by all. 

Major Sargent was now made Lieutenant-Colonel of 
the regiment and Captain Vinal was soon commisioned 
Major; First Lieutenant Hervey of Company A was ap 
pointed Captain to succeed Captain Vinal, and Second 
Lieutenant Robbins was made First Lieutenant in the 
place of Hervey. First Sergeant Howland was made 
Second Lieutenant in the place of Robbins, and so down 
through the line of non-commissioned officers, promotions 
were in order in Company A. The above commissions, 
viz. : Sargent, Vinal, Hervey and others were issued 
February ist, 1863. 



58 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

During these winter days and nights there were occa" 
sional attacks on the picket line. As a result, this made 
the men not only vigilant, but somewhat nervous as well. 
The following amusing incident will illustrate some of 
the experiences to which the men were subjected in the 
line of duty. Says one comrade : " I shall never 
forget my picket duty in the rear of Baton Rouge. 
The first night I went on picket I was dreadfully fright 
ened. During the night, as I stood out there alone 
under a tree, thinking of home and friends, and some 
times of the possible approach of some stealthy and 
bloodthirsty enemy, I was suddenly startled by one 
of the most unearthly noises I had ever heard. It seemed 
not far away. What could it be ? Was it a wild beast 
seeking whom he might devour? Was it some ghost 
come down from ghost-land to torment me before my 
time ? Was it some sneaking spy, who was bent on get 
ting through our lines ? I must confess I was frightened. 
The hair of my head stood up; my heart was in my mouth ; 
I tried to swallow it, but it would not go down. I thought 
of my wife and children and mother-in-law. I gripped 
my rifle and put it to my shoulder. I was determined to 
sell my life as dearly as possible. I did not die that time. 
It was told me, next day, that the noise was the hooting 
of an owl. First impressions are sometimes lasting. 
That owl made a profound impression on my youthful 
mind." 

Another comrade tells in the following narrative, how 
he enjoyed picket duty in that lonely winter of 62-63 : 
" I was on picket many times while the Forty-first was 
in camp at Baton Rouge. Sometimes I was near a road- 
Ofttimes we were stationed near an old tree. We were 
told to keep a sharp lookout for the enemy. The night I 
was on the picket line, there was a general impression 
among the men that the outpost would be attacked that 



IN THE ENEMY S COUNTRY. 59 

night. I think I felt the seriousness of the situation. I 
was stationed by the officer near a magnolia tree, was or 
dered to keep a sharp lookout, halt anyone approaching 
from beyond our lines, and if they did not halt to fire 
without delay, and give the alarm. I was bound to obey 
orders. This, I had been taught was the first duty of the 
soldier. Between one and two in the morning I heard a 
noise. It sounded like the snapping of twigs. Then I 
heard the sound of horses hoofs. They were advancing. 
My blood was up in an instant. I cocked my rifle, 
brought it to my shoulder, and cried : Halt ! Who goes 
there ! No answer came, but the advancing hoofs came 
nearer. There was no time to waste ; my orders were to 
act promptly, without parleying or debate. I pulled the 
trigger of my rifle and my gun went off. My rifle rang 
out through the stillness of the night, and woke up the 
reserves. I expected that the advancing enemy would 
open fire and blow me into smithereens. I hugged that 
tree with a fondness I cannot describe. Strange to say, 
no shots were returned. By this time, other comrades 
were near me, and began to fire. We did our best to beat 
back the invader. Crack ! crack ! crack ! went the rifles, 
as one by one the men opened fire on the unseen foe. 
Suddenly the horses wheeled, and galloped off in an op 
posite direction, into the woods beyond. We could not 
understand until morning, why the eneny did not return 
our fire. We learned the next day that the sound of 
hoofs had come from a lot of sore-back horses and mules, 
who had been feeding in the fields beyond. Attracted 
by our camp-fires they had approached too near our lines, 
and, not heeding the order of the ever-vigilant sentinel, 
had exposed themselves to the fire of our pickets, noted 
above. This was one of the narrow escapes I had while 
following the flag in the " Louisiana lowlands," during 
the war for the Union, Much ammunition was wasted 



6o THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

in many engagements during the Civil War. This was 
the first wicked waste of which I was guilty, during my* 
service with the regiment." 

During that winter at Baton Rouge a terrible tragedy 
was enacted in the regimental life. From some petty 
quarrel, one comrade became exasperated, .seized his gun, 
and shot a brother soldier through the body, so that he 
died. The scene was in the cook-house, and the company 
the color company of the regiment. The soldier who 
shot Heft, cook of Company C, was John C. Beane, of the 
same company. He was tried by court-martial, and 
being found somewhat demented, was imprisoned, and 
soon after died. 

The time was approaching when General Banks was 
to commence operations against Port Hudson. Certain 
preliminaries must, however, be attended to. Among 
these was the cutting off of communication between Port 
Hudson and the interior. Certain streams, spanned by 
bridges, now claimed the attention of the Commander. 

In order to safeguard his movements against Port 
Hudson, and to prevent reinforcements from coming from 
the interior, these bridges must be destroyed. To the 
Forty-first Regiment was the task committed. Accord 
ingly, on the gth of March, 1863, Colonel Chickering was 
ordered to proceed with his regiment into the interior, 
and destroy several bridges over the Comite River, east 
of Port Hudson and Baton Rouge. Accompanying the 
Forty-first was one company of cavalry, commanded by 
Captain McGee, and two pieces of artillery from Nim s 
Mass. Battery. 

The expedition left camp about three o clock, P.M., and 
marched past the old battle-ground, out into the enemy s 
country, eager to do something to immortalize their 
names. The men soon found themselves swinging along 
the road through an open country and sometimes through 



IN THE ENEMY S COUNTRY. 61 

pieces of thick woods. After walking about six miles, 
Colonel Chickering ordered four companies (A, D, H 
and I), with the cavalry, to be sent forward about four 
miles farther, to destroy Bogler s Bridge, while the re 
mainder of the regiment stacked arms, and bivouacked 
for the night. About ten o clock at night the four 
companies returned, and reported that they had obeyed 
orders, and burned the bridge without much trouble, 
with the loss of one horse belonging to the cavalry. At 
four o clock the next morning, Companies B, C and 
H were sent forward, with the cavalry, to destroy bridge 
number two. The men, with the cavalry in the advance, 
marched about two miles over a good road, then turned 
off into the woods, and marched another two miles. The 
mud was terrible. In some places it was over the men s 
boots. There was, however, no retreat, but in failure and 
dishonor. " Forward !" was the order, and the men 
pressed on until the river-bank was reached, and the 
bridge destroyed. All this was before breakfast. The 
three companies now returned to the regiment, arriving 
about seven o clock in the morning. After breakfast, 
and a rest of about an hour, the entire force under the 
command of Colonel Chickering marched four miles 
farther east, to destroy bridge number three. About ten 
o clock, the advance guard came in sight of the bridge. 
One of Company A a man named Heinz stepped 
out into the road, which brought a shot from the sentinel 
on the bridge. A rush was made at once, which was met 
at the bridge by a volley from the enemy. Attempting 
to cross, the men found the planks taken up. They could 
not see the enemy, concealed by the thick underbrush, 
so they took shelter in the woods on one side, and from 
that position fired as best they could. Nim s battery now 
unlimbered, and about twenty shells were thrown in the 
direction of the enemy. Receiving no reply, the men 



62 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

marched to Roberts Bridge, and destroyed it by fire, with 
out the loss of a man. Only a few Confederate cavalry 
men were seen, and they made no disturbance. We 
were now twelve miles from camp, in an enemy s country. 
A large force of Confederates was at Port Hudson, not 
far away. Had they known of our whereabouts, it had 
been quite an easy task for them to have sent a force 
of cavalry, and intercepted our return march. As we 
crossed the bridge at first attack, an old fellow said, 
" You better look out, or some of you may get hurt 
the woods are full of Confederates." We did not know 
therefore what trouble might meet us on our return to 
camp. At two o clock, the men struck out for Baton 
Rouge, and at six o clock they arrived safely in camp, 
much fatigued by their journey. On entering the city, 
the regiment was met by General Banks, who was evi 
dently much pleased at the successful outcome of the 
expedition. Some of the men were footsore, and came 
to town carrying their custom-made boots and shoes in 
their hands, or slung over their shoulders. One poor 
fellow, of tender years, came hobbling along barefoot. 
Meeting General Banks, he saluted his Commander ; and 
the General thus accosted him : " Well, my boy, don t 
you find those boots rather harder to march in than 
government shoes ? " The footsore youth replied that he 
did, and passed on. 

This expedition of Colonel Chickering was not with 
out its perils. It was known that a force of about 1200 
Confederate cavalry were somewhere between Clinton 
and Baton Rouge, and it required the utmost vigilance 
on the part of Banks and his officers to make a suc 
cessful move against Port Hudson, and to retire success 
fully when the object of his " feint " had been accom 
plished. 

On the 1 2th of March occurred the grand review of 



IN THE ENEMY S COUNTRY. 63 

the Nineteenth Army Corps by Generals Banks, Augur 
and Grover. It was the most inspiring military pageant 
the men had witnessed. General Grover had command of 
the First Division ; General Emory led the Second, and 
General Augur the Third. The troops looked well, 
marched well, and would, no doubt, behave well in the 
coming contemplated movement against Port Hudson. 

The review occurred on the old battle-ground of Aug. 
5th, 1862, where the gallant Williams fell, and where the 
heroic Dudley fought the battle to a finish, and sent 
Breckenridge back to his camp discomfited. During the 
review, Admiral Farragut was present, and seemed 
deeply interested in the movements of the troops. 

The time had now arrived when General Banks was to 
move his army up the river, and co-operate with Admiral 
Farragut in his attempt to pass the batteries on the 
bluff. 

While Banks had been gathering and organizing his 
troops, Farragut had been assembling a powerful fleet. 
His ships, as they lay at anchor opposite the city, were a 
familiar sight to the men of the Forty-first. The largest of 
these vessels was the Admiral s flagship, the " Hartford," 
which had done such signal service a year before at the 
mouth of the Mississippi. Beside the "Hartford," were 
the " Richmond," the " Mississippi," the " Monongahela," 
the " Albatross," the " Genesee," the " Kineo," and the 
Sachem." The plan was for Banks to make a feint in 
the rear of Port Hudson, while Farragut was to run past 
the batteries. It has been stated by some writers that, 
had Banks gone with his entire force at this time, he 
could have taken Port Hudson without much trouble ; 
while others claim that the Confederate force was too 
large for Banks to encounter at this time with any hope 
of success. 

On the 1 3th of March, 1863, the troops began to pour 
out of the city on their way to the rear of Port Hudson- 



64 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

It was a grand sight to see those fine full regiments as they 
passed along. Among the troops were the men of the 
Thirty-eighth Massachusetts, who had been our neigh 
bors at Lynnfield. As the regiment passed General 
Dudley s headquarters, they saw the General standing 
on the steps. The General knew the regiment, and said: 
" Men of the Thirty-eighth, keep cool; obey orders, and fire 
low." The boys gave the General three hearty cheers, and 
marched on. The Forty-first Regiment did not partici 
pate in this first movement on Port Hudson. Colonel 
Chickering was ordered by General Banks to remain 
with his regiment at Baton Rouge, and was appointed 
Post Commander. With the Forty-first there remained, 
to hold the place, several regiments of infantry, two 
batteries of artillery and one squadron of cavalry.* At 
eight o clock on the evening of the i4th, the garrison was 
turned out by the sound of the long roll, and kept under 
arms for some time. The men were ordered to sleep on 
their arms, and be ready for any emergency. We knew 
not how soon we might receive a call from the enemy. 
Accordingly, evefy man was on the alert. They attended 
roll-call, armed and equipped, and stood in line until dis 
missed. 

Early in the morning of the isth we heard stirring 
sounds and witnessed a startling scene. The army, of 
course, was out of sight and hearing; not so the fleet. 
Heavy firing could be heard, and the men knew that 
Farragut and his jolly tars were giving a good account of 
themselves. 

* About 3000 men were necessary to hold Baton Rouge during Banks 
absence. These included the Forty-first Massachusetts, One Hundred 
and Seventy-third New York, One Hundred and Seventy-fifth New 
York, First Indiana Artillery, Third Louisiana, Mack s Battery, and 
Troop F, Rhode Island Cavalry. These were placed under the com 
mand of Colonel Chickering. 




COL. FRED. G. POPE. 



IN THE ENEMY S COUNTRY, 65 

Farragut s fleet had passed up the river in the follow 
ing order: The " Hartford " and the " Albatross," lashed 
together, the "Albatross " be ing / as farmers would say, 
on the " off-side." Then came the "Richmond" and 
"Genesee;" then the " Monongahela" and "Kineo; 
then the "Mississippi" and "Sachem." Four-yoke - 
a strong team ! The darkness was intense ! Everybody 
was expectant. About midnight the ball opened. The 
fleet had passed a point in the river called Prophet 
Island. The mortar boats were not far away. The 
enemy knew we were coming, and had prepared to give 
the fleet and the army a warm reception. 

A large fire blazed on the Port Hudson side of the 
river. Suddenly a rocket shot up from the west side of 
the river, and exploded. Now the conflict begins. It 
was literally a tug of war. The " Hartford " steamed right 
on her course. Her ponderous engines groan. Farragut is 
in the rigging ; the other vessels follow; there are no lights 
on deck. The batteries can be located only by the light of 
the flash of the guns. Clouds of sulphurous smoke float 
over the scene. And now the roar of the great guns 
goes on. On rides the Commodore right into the teeth 
of peril, right into the very jaws of death. The 
" Richmond " comes dangerously near running into the 
" Hartford," and the " Hartford " narrowly escapes pour 
ing a broadside into the " Richmond." The " Mississippi " 
runs aground on the west bank. The enemies batteries 
riddle her with shot and shell. It is impossible for her to 
go farther or to get off. She must be fired, in order to 
escape capture. As she becomes lighter, she floats away 
from her dangerous position down the river. 

As the Forty-first Regiment stood in line on that 
eventful morning in 63, wondering what might occur 
next, suddenly the heavens were illuminated by a 
mysterious light, and there came to the ears of the men 



66 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

one of the most startling sounds they had ever heard. 
The fire had reached the Mississippi s magazine. The 
explosion was terrific, and the noble frigate was a thing 
of the past. The " Hartford" and the "Albatross" had 
passed the batteries. The remainder of the fleet had 
been obliged to remain below. 

On the deck of the burning " Mississippi " was a young 
officer, who was, in. years to come, to play an important 
part in the history of the country. While the batteries 
at Port Hudson were pouring shot and shell into the 
" Mississippi," none fought with greater bravery in the 
frigate than Ensign George Dewey. When the ship was 
at length abandoned, he, with others, threw themselves 
into the water, and finally escaped to the shore in safety. 
Thus was preserved to his country the man who was to 
be the future head of the naval forces of the nation, the 
"Hero of Manilla Bay." 

Banks was now free to carry out the remainder of his 
plan of campaign. The army was hurriedly withdrawn 
from Port Hudson, and thrown as quickly as possible 
into Western Louisiana. 

As Banks had about 12,000 men to operate against 
Port Hudson, and Gardner had over 16,000 men behind 
earthworks, it seemed hardly wise for Banks to attempt 
to take the place at this time. 

Gardner was strongly entrenched, with twenty-two guns 
in position, besides thirteen light batteries. Banks very 
wisely decided to do something else first. 



CHAPTER V. 



THE TECHE CAMPAIGN. 



The Departure of Grover s Division from Baton Rouge Through the Country to 
Brashear City Longfellow s Description of this Place Up Grand Lake 
Battle of Irish Bend Battle of Bisland Retreat of Dick Taylor Destruc 
tion of the "Diana" Arrival at New Iberia Destruction of Salt Works On 
to Opelousas Colonel Chickering in Command Capture of Alexandria 
The March to Barre s Landing Infantile Cavalymen Chickering s Retreat 
Arrival at Brashear City End of Teche Campaign. 

THE Forty-first Regiment was now about to enter upon 
the duties of an arduous campaign. For this campaign 
Banks had been planning many days. While he was 
moving his troops to the rear of Port Hudson, and while 
the enemy may have thought he was coming to wrest that 
stronghold from his grasp, Banks really had no such in 
tention, at least for the present. He had his eye on other 
game. He was not looking north, but west. In that 
part of the State was a force of Confederates under Gene 
ral " Dick " Taylor, numbering about 6000 or 7000 men. 
It was Banks plan to move suddenly against this force, 
capture them if possible, then sweeping around to the 
east from Alexandria, cross the Mississippi, move against 
Port Hudson, and invest the enemy s position from above. 
Accordingly, on the 2jth of March, the Forty-first regi 
ment received marching orders. Grover s Division left 
Baton Rouge on transports, a large number having 
gathered for that purpose, and went down the river as far 



68 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

as Donaldsonville, on the west bank. Here they disem 
barked, and commenced an overland march to Brashear 
City. Their route lay along the banks of the Bayou 
Plaquemine, where beautiful houses and rich plantations 
met the eye on either hand. Past the villages of Pla- 
cerville, Napoleonville, Thibodeaux and Terrebonne, the 
division marched, making fifteen or twenty miles per day. 
Longfellow, in his "Evangeline," refers most beautifully 
to this charming country, and the bayous by which it is 
watered. He speaks of these streams as a " maze of slug 
gish and devious waters, which like a network of steel ex 
tended in every direction." As the army marched through 
this " Eden of Louisiana," they saw over their heads the 
towering and tenebrous boughs of the cypress. In midair 
were the trailing mosses,which waved as the men went by, 

" Like banners that hang on the walls of ancient cathedrals." 

Though this very country came Evangeline, with her 
guide, the Father Felician. Day after day they glided 
along these very streams, from whose waters our tired, 
footsore soldiers quenched their thirst. The Northern 
troops were bound for the same prairies of fair Ope- 
lousas, marched through a wilderness sombre with forests. 
Night after night, by their blazing fires, they encamped 
on its borders. There are green spots in the garden of 
memory. This march of Grover s Division through this 
fertile country is one of them. 

" Dreamlike and indistinct and strange were all things around them ; 
Lovely the moonlight was, as it glanced and gleamed on the water." 

and as, with these things around them, they thought 
of home, 

" Over their spirits there came a feeling of wonder and sadness." 
Never can time efface from memory those scenes around 
the campfiresof the Forty-first Regiment in the spring of 
63, in Western Louisiana. 



THE TECIIE CAMPAIGN. 69 

Our songs and merry laughter were ofttimes " mixed 
with the whoop of the owl, and the roar of the grim alli 
gators." Like Evangeline, however, the men marched 
on, sustained by a vision that beckoned them on in their 
journey. Evangeline was hunting for Gabriel ; we were 
hunting for Dick Taylor and the Confederate army. 

After a short rest at Terrebonne, the men were put on 
board a freight train, and carried some ten miles farther 
in their journey to Bayou Boeuf. On the Qth the regi 
ment left Bayou Bceuf, and marched about nine miles when 
we came in sight of Brashear City, where the regiment 
went into camp, and secured a little much-needed rest. 
Blackberries were abundant at this place, and the men 
lost no time in helping themselves to the delicious fruit. 

When the Forty-first Regiment reached Brashear City, 
the army of General Banks had arrived in large numbers. 
Weitzel had command of the advance, and, with his 
division, was already to move against Dick Taylor, at 
Camp Bisland. Emory, with his fine division, was ready 
to support Weitzel ; and these two divisions, under the 
immediate eye of Banks, were ready to cross Berwick 
Bay, and give battle to the enemy. Grover s Division 
was ordered up Grand Lake, and were to land above 
and to the east of Franklin, strike Taylor on his flank 
and rear, cut off his retreat, and compel his unconditional 
surrender. It was a fine plan ; how well it was executed 
the following pages will tell. 

At ten o clock, on the morning of April nth, 1863, the 
regiment received marching orders, and at one o clock, 
started for the wharf, where the men embarked on the 
steamer "Arizona." The rest of the division were car 
ried on the " Clifton," St. Mary," " Estrella " and " Laurel 
Hill." The Forty-first left the wharf at about dark, an 
chored in the stream, and waited until morning. On the 
1 2th, everything was in readiness, and the fleet began to 



7O THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

move up-stream, to cut off Taylor s retreat. The fleet 
numbered eight transports, three of which carried guns. 
Every man had high hopes concerning the coming vic 
tory. The fleet moved on through the waters of Grand 
Lake, past abandoned Confederate batteries ; past 
Grand Island ; until we reached a place called Cypress 
Pass, where the "Arizona," with the Forty-first, ran 
aground. In war, as in peace, it is the unexpected that 
often happens. This was an unexpected experience for 
Grover and his men. 

At eleven o clock, the flagship "Clifton" was signalled; 
the whole fleet halted, and the "Clifton" came to our 
relief. No amount of tugging could move the "Arizona." 
The ship must be lightened. Four hundred men were 
put on board the " Clifton," and another effort was made 
to move the " Arizona." She was immovable. General 
Grover was getting impatient. This delay boded no good 
for the expedition. He told the captain he must go on 
without him. Land your men on the island lighten the 
ship, and get off if you can." The flagship left a few 
lighters behind, and steamed away. A pontoon bridge 
was constructed of the lighters, the men were landed on 
the island ; hawsers were attached to the ship, and the 
men began to pull for dear life. We could not stay there 
long. We should miss it if we did. Already the ball had 
opened. We could hear the guns of Weitzel and Emory 
in the west. We worked hard on that ship till midnight ; 
then gave it up. The next morning another effort was 
made to float the " Arizona;" this time with success. 

A great shout went up as the Arizona came out of the 
mud. At 8 o clock we were on board of her, and once 
more we started for the scene of conflict. 

There was a thrilling incident on board the "Arizona," 
when the steamer stuck on the sunken island in Grand 
Lake. In the stern of a boat, just in front of one of the 



THE TECME CAMPAIGO. 71 

paddle wheels, sat a seaman. Suddenly the engineer 
started the engines, and the suction drew the boat under 
the wheel, the paddles striking the seaman, and drawing 
him, with the boat under the wheel, until only his feet 
could be seen. Quickly as possible the engineer reversed, 
and the man crushed almost dead, was taken on board. 
Whether or not he recovered is not known to the writer. 

At three o clock in the afternoon we landed about six 
miles above Franklin, on Dick Taylor s flank and rear. 
Now the strings were to be tightened, and Banks was 
to bag his game if possible ! Grover s division was now 
safely landed, and formed in line not far from a place 
called Irish Bend. 

It was not long before the enemy s pickets were en 
countered, and skirmishing commenced. Five compan 
ies of the Forty-first were thrown forward as skirmishers 
on Madam Porter s Plantation, and engaged the enemy 
until nightfall. The movements of these companies 
elicited favorable comment from the brigade com 
mander. As Kimball saw the men move forward, he 
said, "I wouldn t believe that troops could deploy like 
that, even on drill." 

That night we slept on our arms, and in an open field. 
The next morning we started in pursuit of the enemy. 
He saw the point, and kept out of it as long as he could. 
The First and Second Brigades were in the advance, 
and were the first to overtake them. Soon the firing 
began. Batteries unlimbered, and hurried to the front. 
Orderlies were busy carrying dispatches from General 
Grover to the various commanders. On the other side* 
Banks was pushing Taylor with considerable vigor and 
success. Grover advanced his troops toward the edge of 
the woods, where he found the enemy in force. A severe 
battle ensued. Grover ordered the Twenty-fourth Con 
necticut and Twenty-sixth Maine to charge the enemy s 



THE TECHE CAMPAIGN. 73 

lines, which was done with great loss to the regiments 
mentioned. The enemy was evidently embarrassed. 
Dick Taylor now decided to abandon Franklin, and flee 
before the advancing troops of the Nineteenth Corps. 
Suddenly a terrible explosion was heard. The gunboat 
"Diana" had been blown up. The "Queen of the 
West " was also destroyed, also several transports at 
Franklin. Dick Taylor, however, knew the country bet- 
than either Banks or Grover. Evacuating Franklin, 
pushing through the woods by an unfrequented road, un 
discovered and unoccupied by Grover, he eluded the 
troops of his pursuers, and escaped. 

At the Battle of Irish Bend, the Forty-first was held 
in reserve, and supported Nim s Batteries on the second 
line. It was at the Battle of Irish Bend that the gallant 
Colonel Molyneux distinguished himself as one of the 
bravest and most efficient officers of the Nineteenth 
Corps. At the head of the Hundred and Fifty-ninth 
New York, he moved forward to the attack until his 
regiment was within short range of the enemy s mus 
ketry. Ordering his men to throw off their blankets and 
coats, after a brief rest, he was just giving the command: 
" Forward !" when he was struck in the mouth by a bullet, 
and fell, leaving the command of his regiment to Captain 
Dayton. 

In this engagement, Colonel Birge led, and Colonel 
Kimball, of Maine, commanded the Second Brigade, to 
which the Forty-first was attached. The regiments com 
posing the Brigade were, Twelfth Maine, Fifty-second 
Massachusetts, Twenty-fourth Connecticut, and Forty- 
first Massachusetts, with Nim s Battery. The Fifty- 
second Massachusetts and Twenty-fourth Connecticut 
were nine-months men. 

The battle over, General Grover ordered the men to 
rest, while some of their comrades were sent out to bury 



74 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

the dead. Birge s brigade had lost three hundred men. 
Dwight had lost seven killed and twenty-one wounded. 
The enemy had evacuated a strong line of earthworks, 
extending from Grand Lake, on the one side, to the 
Teche on the other, about two and a half miles long. 

Although Banks had failed to capture Taylor, he had 
nevertheless captured a great many of his " belongings." 
The following will show what was actually accomplished 
by this movement against Camp Bisland. Franklin was 
taken, and with it an iron foundry and a sawmill. The 
" Diana" had been destroyed. Three transports, " News 
boy," the " Gossamer, and " Era No. 2," the ironclad 
"Hart," the "Blue Hammock," "Darby," "Louise," 
"Uncle Tommy" and "Cricket" were destroyed by the 
Confederates themselves. The " Cornie," a hospital boat, 
was captured with over sixty wounded. Two Union offi 
cers were retaken, viz., Capt. Jewett and Lieut. Alice, 
who had been captured by the enemy when the gunboat 
"Diana" was taken by the Confederates some time 
before. 

A large supply of ammunition and army stores were 
also destroyed by Taylor as he fled before the victorions 
army of the Union. It was a victory, though not as com 
plete as was fondly hoped for. 

Grover has been criticized by some for allowing Taylor 
to escape at Irish Bend. We think the criticism just. 
Grover had a fine opportunity to distinguish himself at 
Irish Bend. He had plenty of men and abundance of 
artillery. He should have known where every bridge 
was, and been acquainted with every avenue of escape. 
Friendly negroes could have given him all necessary in 
formation, and gladly guided him to every strategic point 
in the locality. Taylor had 4000 men. Grover had three fuH 
brigades of about 5000 men, Banks, 10,000. Had Grover 
placed his troops where they were needed, he could have 



CALLED BY THE. CONFEDERATES 
NERSON S WOODS 




By permission from Irwin s History of the Nineteenth Corps." 



76 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

made Taylor s escape impossible. Irvin says of Grover, 
in excusing his blunder: " He was conscientious and 
cautious." Just so ; too cautious to win at Irish Bend. 
After a fair consideration of the facts, we are compelled 
to say that had. Grover done his duty at Irish Bend, 
Taylor and his whole army would have surrendered at 
Franklin. 

Nothing remained for Banks to do but to give chase. 
Accordingly, the three divisions, now united, took up the 
line of march toward New Iberia. It was a hot, sultry 
day, as the men passed off the battlefield of Irish Bend 
and took the road for Opelousas. Perkins Cavalry was 
in the advance. Occasionally, the enemy s rear-guard 
was overhauled, and some brisk firing was the result. As 
a rule, the Confederates fled in disorder. In one of these 
fights the enemy was chased four miles, and seventy-five 
prisoners were captured. On the evening of the :6th the 
regiment arrived at New Iberia. The men were footsore 
and tired. It had been a hard day. They were longing 
for a good night s rest, when orders came to "fall in" and 
be ready for a midnight expedition. To the south of New 
Iberia, about six hours march, at a place called Avery s 
Island, were located famous salt works. These were very 
valuable to the Confederates and must be rendered use 
less. Accordingly, the Forty-first, the Twelfth Maine, a 
part of the Twenty-fourth Connecticut, together with 
a section of Nim s Battery, were ordered to proceed 
to the above-named place and destroy the salt works. 

This work accomplished, after an all-night march 
without stop, the expedition returned to New Iberia, 
bringing along with them about two hundred horses. At 
New Iberia the enemy had been at work constructing a 
gunboat for service on the Teche. On the approach of 
Banks the unfinished boat was destroyed, together with 
more stores and ammunition. A cannon foundry was 



THE TECHE CAMPAIGN. 77 

also destroyed ; 1,500 prisoners had been captured, and a 
large number of horses, mules and beeves had been 
secured, 

Dick Taylor was still retreating. He could do nothing 
else. After a brief attempt to arrest Grover s advance at 
Vermilliori Bayou, there was nothing between the victo 
rious Union army and Opelousas but a fewburned bridges. 
On April 2oth, 1863, at 8 o clock, A.M., the regiment 
arrived at Opelousas, via Vermillionville, in light march 
ing order, the knapsacks having previously been sent 
back to Brashear City. 

Since leaving Baton Rouge the regiment had marched 
over three hundred miles. The men were, therefore, glad 
to hear that they were to remain awhile at Opelousas, 
and enjoy a season of much-needed rest. 

Colonel Chickering was, on April 2oth, appointed by 
the Commanding Officer, Military Governor of Opelousas; 
and Lieut.-Colonel Sargent was made Provost Marshal. 
The regiment, now commanded by Major Vinal, was or 
dered to do duty in and around the city. 

At the same time the valuable products of the country 
were collected and brought to town for the use of the 
army. Cotton, horses, mules and other supplies were ac 
cordingly brought in. 

Meanwhile, the army under General Banks had passed 
on toward Alexandria, driving everything before it. 
Severely pressed by the advancing troops of the Union 
army, Dick Taylor had kept on retreating, having re 
ceived orders to retire from Louisiana into Texas. Thus 
Banks had made himself master of the situation in west 
ern Louisiana, and could now turn his attention to mat 
ters on the Mississippi. After the Nineteenth Corps had 
taken Alexandria, it turned eastward, passed on to 
Simonsport, then crossing the Mississippi, it swung 
around, and in a short time was thundering in the rear 



78 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

of Port Hudson. General Augur, who had been left at 
Baton Rouge, had joined Banks in the rear of Port 
Hudson, and the Confederate stronghold was surrounded. 
Its capture was only a question of time. 

The Forty-first remained at Opelousas from April 20 
until May nth, 1863. During this time order was main 
tained, the flag was respected and the Constitution en 
forced. Excellent service was rendered by the regiment 
in various other ways for the general welfare. Corn mills 
were set in motion ; a free market was opened for the 
poor; negroes in large numbers were fed. Six thousand 
bales of cotton were brought in ; large quantities of sugar 
and molasses received ; while horses, mules and wagons, 
saddles and bridles were collected in large numbers. 
All this property was saved to the general government, 
and sent down to New Orleans. Ten thousand negroes, 
men, women and children, who had fled from the land of 
bondage, looked to our men for protection, and were not 
disappointed. While at Opelousas, some of the men 
opened a printing office, issued a daily paper, and exhib 
ited considerable Northern enterprise in a business way. 
Opelousas had been the Confederate capitol of Louis 
iana, and many valuable papers were found among the 
archives of the defunct State government. 

The time at length arrived when the men were to leave 
Opelousas for other scenes. All this property must be 
taken care of. Steamers were, therefore, ordered to 
come up the Teche to a place called Barre s Landing, 
about six miles east of Opelousas. This was to be a base 
of operations for a time. 

On the nth of May, the regiment left Opelousas for 
Barre s Landing. 

With us were seven regiments of infantry, and a sec 
tion of Nim s Battery. General Banks was anxious that 
the property captured at Opelousas and Barre s Landing 



THE TECHE CAMPAIGN. 79 

might be safely transported to New Orleans. To Colonel 
Chickering was committed the task of carrying out the 
General s command. About this time, the Forty-first 
Regiment experienced a wonderful transformation. 
Horses were given the men, and henceforth the regiment 
was to be mounted. Now, instead of going afoot, the 
men were to ride on horseback. It was a very surprising, 
but agreeable change. On the iyth of May, 1863, the 
regiment appeared for the first time as "Mounted Rifles." 

There were many amusing experiences that came to 
the men during their stay at Barre s Landing. The at 
tempt to "break" some of their fiery steeds furnished a 
large amount of fun. The negroes seemed to succeed 
better than the men of the Forty-first. Saddles, bridles, 
horses, everything was new to these infantrymen. 

One member of the regiment, in speaking of his army 
life, says : u Those days at Barre s Landing were very ex 
citing. I there learned for the first time to ride horse 
back. I was given a horse who evidently had never been 
ridden much. He objected to the bridle, saddle, and in 
deed to about everything I showed him. He seemed to 
have some conscientious scruples about joining the Union 
Cavalry. I remember the first time I tried to mount that 
animal. I got off as soon as I got on. I got off again. I 
recollect getting off that horse several times in one 
forenoon. I usually got off much more rapidly than 
I got on. It is wonderful how quickly a man can get off 
a horse, especially when the horse takes hold and 
helps. At last I conquered the beast, and felt proud of 
the operation. I began to enjoy riding. I thought it fine 
pastime. I should now be free from sore feet and weary 
bones when on the march. After I had ridden that 
horse, however, about two weeks, I changed my mind 
I was naturally tender-hearted ; while in the infantry I was 
tender-footed ; but now I was tender all along the line. 



SO THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

I often heard comrades say that their saddles were cov 
ered with raw hide, and rilled with the same material. I 
one day met a cavalryman bathing himself in the cool 
waters, sighing- for vaseline or cold cream, or something 
else to heal his wounded pride." 

On Chickering s retreat, when we had our first forced 
march on horseback, many of the men felt like the fellow 
who said, when in " sore " distress : " There s a divinity 
that shapes our ends rough ; hew them as we may." 

A member of Company C thus relates the story of his 
introduction to a horse. "The horse given me was a 
very lively animal. He could rear and run and jump, all 
in quick time. I saw at once that what the horse needed 
was exercise. I laughed to myself as I put on the bridle, 
and sought to tone him down. I didn t laugh again 
for a week. He rolled me off his back in no time. 
Then he just got upon his hind legs, and began waltzing 
toward me like an infuriated pile-driver. I had seen 
perilous times before ; but this prancing animal seemed 
to put my life in greater jeopardy, and I got scared. I 
didn t enlist to be kicked to death by a horse. I was 
obliged to call to my aid a contraband, and in due time 
the wild horse was tamed, and became quite serviceable 
as a member of the Third Cavalry." 

The following was written by one who styles himself 
an " Infantile Cavalryman :" 

" In the early part of the war it used to be said that a 
dead cavalryman was a very rare sight. If the author of 
that statement had visited Barre s Landing in the spring 
of 1863, he would have found several who were half-dead, 
at least. The taming of wild animals was something I 
did not dream of when I enlisted in 62. I went to 
Louisiana to put down rebellion. I found at Barre s 
Landing that rebellion had taken hold upon the brute 
creation. The horse assigned me had no intention of 




LIEUT.-COL. UAVID P. MUZZKY. 



THE TECHE CAMPAIGN. 8 1 

submitting tamely to military authority. He was very 
fond of bucking; He was also balky. He could break 
up a whole company formation by going backward in a 
very persistent manner. I sometimes wondered whether 
the seat of authority was in me; or the saddle, 
or the horse. I have heard that some old horseman 
once said that the outside of a horse is good for the 
inside of a man. It was not so with mine. He stirred 
up my temper as nothing else did during the war. He 
was neither good for the inside nor the outside of the 
man who had to ride him. General Banks was reported 
to have said that we should have long marches, little 
fighting, and be home in nine months. There were 
times when seated on that horse or trying hard to subdue 
him, I thought I would never see my home again. 

"At length, however, the animal became quite docile 
and submitted gracefully to the inevitable. He became 
more valuable as his education went on. Finally, he re~ 
sembled the horse of which Rev. Henry Ward Beecher 
speaks. Riding one day behind a spirited animal, he said 
to the owner: That s a fine stepper. Yes, said the 
owner, with a look of gratification. What are his 
points ? said Mr. Beecher. The other replied : He ll 
go where you want him to go ; he ll do what you want 
him to do, and he ll never get you into trouble. Beecher 
listened, and then said: I wish that horse was a mem 
ber of my church. 

On the morning of the 2istof May, the troops left 
Barres Landing for Brashear City. The march was 
commenced at daybreak, under the immediate command 
of Colonel Chickering, and continued the first day until 
six at night. There was a large train of army wagons, 
some of which" carried the ammunition, then wagons of 
various sorts and sizes ; negroes in large numbers, men, 
women and children. Piled high on these numerous 



82 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

wagons, were the belongings of the contrabands, who had 
fled from the house of bondage to the Union lines for 
safety. Beds and bedding, household furniture and cook 
ing utensils, cows, geese and corn, cotton, tobacco, sugar, 
molasses, and other articles too numerous to mention, 
were packed into those various vehicles and drawn by 
various beasts of burden. The train, as it moved out on 
the road was nearly six miles in length. Fifty of the best 
army wagons in the department carried a large supply of 
army stores. Following this train was five hundred emi 
grant wagons. Beside all these wagons there was a large 
drove of horses, mules, and beef creatures captured 
from the enemy. Next, there accompanied the troops 
about six thousand negroes, many of whom were to find 
employment either in the Lafourche country, or at New 
Orleans, or as servants of officers in the Union army. 
The Forty-first Mounted Rifles led the advance. On the 
flanks, the train was well guarded by infantry; while the 
rear was protected by infantry and the section of Nim s 
Battery which had been with Chickering s command at 
Opelousas and Barre s Landing. 

A writer of the 38th Massachusetts, who accompanied 
General Banks during the Teche Campaign, thus refers 
to the expeditions of Colonel Chickering and the men 
who composed his force : 

"The Forty-first Massachusetts Infantry, mounted ; the 
Fifty-second Massachusetts Infantry, H4th, i25th and 
Ninetieth New York, with one company of the Thir 
teenth Connecticut, the Twenty-second and Twenty- 
sixth Maine, and a section of Nim s Massachusetts Bat 
tery, under the command of Colonel Thomas E. Chick 
ering, having seen the last steamer-load of cotton 
on its way by the river to Brashear City, getting the 
remnants on hand and loading them into three or four 
hundred wagons, started on the march to Berwick City. 



THE TECHE CAMPAIGN. 83 

The ponderous train once in motion, soon began to wind 
itself back along the banks of the Teche on the same 
road which the army of General Banks had marched a 
month previously." 

It was deemed wise by Colonel Chickering to move 
down the Eastern bank of the Teche, via Lenoxville. 
The first day all went well ; the second day, the men, re 
freshed by a good night s sleep, were up before daylight, 
and at three o clock the reveille was sounded, and at 
five the march was resumed. The men did not forget 
that they were in an enemy s country. Accordingly, a 
sharp lookout was kept for guerillas and all unfriendly 
citizens in towns through which the expedition passed. 
On the second day we went into camp for the night at 
4 P.M. The third day we started at 6 A.M., at 9 passed 
through St. Martinsville, and at 4 P.M. halted for the night 
at New Iberia, on the western bank of the Teche. On 
the third day we left New Iberia at 6 A.M. Our march 
was now along the western bank of the bayou, through 
Franklin, Centreville, Pattersonville to Berwick Bay. 
On the third night we encamped within 15 miles of 
Franklin, the men in good spirits, and the train and 
property intact. On the fourth day the troops began to 
move at 6 A.M., and at 10 A.M. the expedition passed 
through the town of Franklin, the scene of Banks recent 
triumph. Here the men saw the remnants of Dick Tay 
lor s camp. The ruins of Confederate gunboats and 
transports were on the river bank. Among them was the 
famous gunboat " Cotton." Down through Franklin to 
Centreville, Chickering s men passed, when he decided to 
encamp for the night. The men were glad of a rest, and 
built their camp-fires, and cooked their evening meal with 
merry delight. Hardly had they eaten it, however, and 
just as they were preparing a comfortable bed for the 
night, they were startled by a report that the enemy 



84 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

was nearing us, and was preparing to attack our rear. 
Then came the news that a company of guerillas had 
actually fired upon our rear-guard in the vicinity of 
Franklin. Colonel Chickering immediately ordered 
Colonel Sargent to despatch reinforcements to the rear- 
CompanyA, Captain Hervey, Company B, Captain Noyes, 
with the section of Nim s Battery, were accordingly sent 
back to aid the rear-guard, while at the same time a horse 
man was despatched to Brashear City to inform the com 
mander of that post of our situation. The Forty-first, 
still armed with Springfield rifles, was dismounted, and 
deployed as skirmishers in an open cane-field, notfarfrom 
our camp, to guard against, and repel any attack the 
enemy might make from that quarter. The troops sent 
back to Franklin found no guerillas insight, but obtained 
some valuable and startling information. From a cap 
tured "individual" they learned that a force of 6000 
Confederates was not far away, and the enemy was plan 
ning to flank Col. Chickering s command, cut off our re 
treat, and capture the entire expedition. This was inter 
esting news, and it governed the future movements of the 
gallant colonel. At 10 o clock that night Colonel Chick 
ering ordered the troops to "fall in" and "move for 
ward." Colonel Morgan, of the Nineteenth New York, 
who commanded the rear- guard, was instructed to give 
battle and retreat, at the same time protect the rear of 
the train. A few lively skirmishes occurred with scat 
tered bands of the enemy, chiefly guerillas. In the 
meantime, Colonel Chickering had learned somewhat of 
the plans of his pursuers. He had been informed, from 
reliable sources, that the Confederate General Moulton, 
son of the ex-governor of Louisiana, with Brigadier- 
General Green, were preparing to attack the expedition 
and smash things generally. His plan was to engage our 
rear ; then, by a flank movement, attack the train, throw 






THE TECHE CAMPAIGN. 85 

the drivers into confusion, and make spoil of the prop 
erty. Colonel Chickering did not move on too quickly. 
The train pushed forward with surprising rapidity. The 
crack of the whip could be heard on the backs of the 
horses and mules. The negroes were terribly excited, 
but did nothing to retard the progress of the expedition. 
That night was a night long to be remembered by the 
men of the Forty-first. No one slept. Eyes, ears, feet 
and hands were in constant demand. It was nineteen 
miles from Franklin to Berwick Bay, the end of the 
route. Seventeen miles had already been covered before 
we left Franklin ; but the thirty-six miles were marched 
in twenty-four hours, and, by sunrise the next morning, 
Colonel Chickering and his little army entered Berwick 
City, amid the cheers of hundreds and the congratula 
tions of all who met them. Not a wagon had been lost, 
nor a pound of cotton nor a mule captured. Moulton 
and Green had been baffled. We had but one Lieuten 
ant killed ; a few men had been wounded, and a few made 
prisoners. Beyond this, Colonel Chickering s command 
had sustained no further loss except that of sleep. 
Colonel Chickering had, during this movement from 
Barre s Landing to Berwick, showed great tact and dex 
terity in eluding his pursuers, and in bringing his train 
in safety to the Quartermaster at Berwick Bay. He had 
marched no miles in five days, and had made no mis 
take. His services to the country on this occasion were 
of the most distinguished character, for which the au 
thorities at Washington should have made him a 
Brigadier. 

The scene at Berwick Bay, on the morning of May 26, 
beggars description. The braying of mules, the notes 
of bugles, the sound of drums, mingled with the oaths 
of the drivers and the shouts of soldiers. Wagons of all 
kinds covered the camping grounds ; while in every 



86 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

direction roamed the emancipated contraband, whose 
first taste of freedom he was now enjoying. As for the 
soldiers, they were " tired." 

The men of the Forty-first Mounted Rifles were lame | 
They were " lame all over." One comrade says : " When 
I reached Berwick City I was just about played out. 
I had been in the saddle about thirty-six hours. It was 
the first forced march I had ever enjoyed, and it was a 
good one. I did not care for another just like it. As I 
rubbed my sides, and tried to fix myself up for future 
operations, I thought of the country captain who ex 
horted his men before his first battle : Men, said he, 
we are about to give battle to the enemy. I want you 
all to do your duty. Fight like heroes until your am 
munition gives out, and then run like injuns ; and as I m 
a little lame, I guess I ll start now ! We had made a 
forced march. It was no wonder some of us were a 
little lame ! " 

Chickering s soldiers wery much like the woman with 
six children who was endeavoring to board a street car 
in a great city. " Madam," said the conductor, " Are 
these all yours, or is this a picnic ? " Quick as lightning, 
the woman replied : " Yes, sir; " they are all mine, and it 
is no picnic." So felt the men as they left Barre s Land 
ing to guard this great caravan across the country to 
Brashear City. The things were all ours ; but taking 
care of all this property was no picnic. 

Thus ended the Teche Campaign. It was began about 
April ist; it ended on May 26th, 1863. It began in 
hope; it ended in fruition. It began with bright antici 
pation; it ended in victory. 



CHAPTER VI. 



PORT HUDSON. 



From Brashear City to New Orleans From Algiers to Port Hudson Springfield 
Landing Plains Store Grierson s Command Picket Duty The I4th of 
June, 1863 Assault on Port Hudson A raid on Springfield Landing An 
Attack on the Clinton Road "Blackberries and Bullets for Breakfast" 
The "Forlorn Hope" Order of General Banks, No. 144 Arms and 
Equipments A Promise that was Never Kept Surrender of Port Hudson. 

THE Teche Campaign had ended in a blaze of glory. 
The Forty-first had borne an honorable part in that 
movement, and were now prepared for further service on 
other fields. General Banks had found Port Hudson a 
harder place to take than he had at first supposed ; and 
now he needed every available regiment in the depart 
ment to assist him in its reduction. 

Accordingly, the little army of Colonel Chickering, 
now flushed with victory, was ordered to proceed as 
quickly as possible to Port Hudson, to take part in the 
sanguinary scenes soon to be enacted on its hard-fought 
fields. Nim s Battery and the infantry soon found them 
selves face to face with the Confederate garrison, who 
were "holding the fort "with bull-dog tenacity at Port 
Hudson. 

Thus the sojourn of the Forty-first at Brashear City 
was exceedingly brief ; for, on the 28th of May just two 
days after our arrival, the men were ordered to proceed 



8"8 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

without delay to New Orleans, from which place they 
were to go up the river by steamer to Springfield Land 
ing, below Port Hudson. On the 2Qth, the men were 
ordered on board a train of cars at Brashear City, and 
rolled across the swampy country toward the " Crescent 
City." Here, in this swamp, was the place of the crane, 
the reptile and the grim alligator. We arrived at Algiers 
at midnight, and the men slept on the ground by the 
side of the track until morning. Three companies, who 
had their horses with them, prepared to march to camp ; 
when an order came for the regiment to embark on board 
the steamer " Crescent" for Springfield Landing. 

We went on board at 4 P.M., and started up the river. 
Stopping at Baton Rouge about one hour on the 3ist, 
we steamed up stream and arrived at Springfield Land 
ing at 12 o clock the same day. 

Springfield Landing was eight miles below Port Hud 
son, on the same side of the river. It was Banks base of 
operations. To this place the supplies for the army were 
brought. Much of the ammunition was unloaded at 
this point. Heavy siege guns and mortars were trans 
ported on steamers to this landing-place. Here the Forty- 
first landed, our Colonel reporting to General Banks for 
orders. 

On June ist, other steamers arrived with horses for 
the men, and the work of disembarkation went on. At 
4 o clock on June 2nd, we were turned out, and com 
menced our march to Port Hudson Plains. To this 
place the various detachments of the regiment finally 
came; and Colonel Chickering found himself and his now 
reunited regiment quartered not far from the battle-field 
of " Plains Store." 

Plains Store was so called from a white building that 
stood not far away. The under portion had been used as 
a country store, and was stripped of everything except the 




MAJOR WM. M. GIFFORD. 



MAJOR JOHN A. COMERFORD. 





MAJOR EDWARD L. NOYES 



MAJOR DAVID T. BUNKER. 



PORT HUDSON. 89 

studding and corner-posts. The upper portion had been 
used as a lodge-room by the Masons, and stood intact. 
On the outer front could be seen the " compass and 
square" of the Order, which had been respected by officers 
of rank in both of the contending armies. Not a shingle 
was gone ; not a clapboard had been removed ; not a 
pane of glass was broken; not a bit of paint had been 
scarred. Such is " influence." 

On the 23rd of May, while Colonel Chickering and his 
brave boys were coming down the Teche and eluding 
their pursuers, General Sherman had marched from 
Baton Rouge to the rear of Port Hudson ; uniting with 
the forces of General Banks, who had come down from 
the Red River region above. General Grierson had 
made his memorable raid through the State of Missis 
sippi and had safely arrived at Baton Rouge. About the 
same time, General Auger had had a brush with the 
enemy at Plains Store, and had driven him back inside 
of his earthworks. 

On the arrival of the Forty-first at Plains Store, the 
men gained much valuable information concerning the 
progress already made in the siege and reduction of the 
Confederate stronghold. We found the Union line was 
four to six miles long, and stretched from the bank of the 
river above to that below. General Weitzel was on the 
right of the Union line; next came General Grover; 
then General Auger ; while on the extreme left were 
the forces of General T. W. Sherman. Port Hudson was 
strongly fortified ; parapets twenty feet thick had been 
constructed ; ditches, fifteen feet deep and twelve feet 
wide, surrounded the town. These ditches ran from 
Ross Landing, below, to Thompson s Creek, above. The 
Confederate line was four miles long; the Union line, 
six. In front of the enemy s earthworks, trees had been 
G 



9O THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

felled for the space of half a mile, making the movement 
of troops exceedingly difficult and dangerous. 

On the 27th of May, a few days before the Forty-first 
arrived, General Banks had ordered a general assault 
by his entire army upon the enemy s fortifications. Very 
early in the morning the men were astir, and the line of 
battle was formed. Some Confederate prisoners said, in 
after days, that the movement of Auger s division was 
one of the grandest sights they had ever witnessed. 
Weitzel s Division was the first to open fire, followed by 
G rover and Auger and Sherman, until every gun was at 
work, and every man anxious to do his "level best." The 
roar of artillery was fearful, the rattle of musketry con 
tinuous ; and brave men fought with the desperation of 
demons in th^ir attempts to carry the works by storm. 
It was a grand assault ; but it failed ! The enemy s posi 
tion was too strong to be carried by storm. In the 
attempt many brave men were killed and wounded. 
General Sherman was struck in the leg. General Neal 
Dow was also wounded ; while Lieutenant-Colonel Rod 
man, of the Thirty-eighth Massachusetts ; Colonel Clark, 
of Michigan, and Colonel Cowles, of New York, were 
killed. Banks loss was nearly 2000 men, of whom 293 
were killed. 

Soon after the arrival of the Forty-first at Plain s 
Store, General Banks planned another assault on the 
Confederate stronghold. In this engagement the regiment 
was to have an humble part. An order was issued for a 
simultaneous attack on Sunday morning, June I4th. At 
two o clock that morning the men were roused from 
their slumbers and ordered into line. At daylight we 
were well up toward the line of battle. Soon the terrific 
cannonading commenced. Gun answered gun. The 
fleet joined in the attack, and Farragut s shells could be 
seen bursting over the buildings and batteries of the 



PORT HUDSON. 9 1 

enemy. The roar of artillery went on for two hours. 
Then came the sharp rattle of musketry, followed by the 
charge of the regiments and divisions of the Nineteenth 
Corps. 

Many New England men were on this " far-flung battle- 
line." There was the Third Brigade, commanded by 
Colonel Gooding, -in which were no less than three Mas 
sachusetts regiments, viz., the Thirty-first, Thirty-eighth 
and Fifty-third. Then came the Second Brigade, com 
manded by Colonel Hawkes Fearing, of Hingham ; fol 
lowed by the First Brigade, where were men of the 
Fourth Massachusetts, and Nim s Battery not far away. 
These troops were all in Grover s Division, and "fought 
like brave men, long and well." 

On that fatal morning, while the men of the Forty- 
first were getting into line, Grover s Division was forming 
on the Clinton road. At four o clock they moved up, and 
were ready to " go in." General Paine, of Wisconsin, 
led. The men advanced eagerly to the fray. A terrible 
fire was poured into their ranks as they moved on. Vol 
ley after volley came from the Confederate earthworks. 
The carnage was fearful. General Paine fell, and was 
left on the field. Our dauntless men pushed on across 
the field of death until they reached the enemy s breast 
works; but to no purpose. "It was impossible," says 
one who witnessed this charge, " for men to show more 
reckless disregard of death." Five regiments got within 
a few rods of the enemy s works. Some of the skirmish 
ers actually got inside. 

Port Hudson had again refused to be taken by a gene 
ral assault. The odds were against us. The big trees 
felled across the pathway of the troops, the big guns of 
the enemy, belching forth death and destruction at every 
flash ; the fearful fire of the riflemen, safely entrenched 
behind formidable earthworks, made it impossible for 



92 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Banks to win; so, late in the afternoon, the Nineteenth 
Army Corps was ordered to retire. 

The men of the Forty-first, being cavalry, could not be 
used very effectively in this charge. The most they could 
do was to remain in line supporting a battery, and ready, 
at a moment s notice, to repel any attack that might be 
made during the day from the rear. Our losses had been 
heavy. General Paine was shot below the knee. Captain 
Charles H. Taylor, now proprietor of the Boston "Globe," 
was wounded on that eventful Sunday. While many 
other brave man, unknown to fame, fell to rise no more. 

" On fame s eternal camping ground, 
Their silent tents are spread ; 
And glory guards, with solemn sound, 
The bivouac of the dead." 

Such is the brief record of the second attempt to 
storm the enemy s citadel at Port Hudson on that san 
guinary i4th of June, 1863. Why General Banks chose 
this particular day of the week, the author has never 
learned ; but so it was, that, while the sound of the 
church-going bell was being heard on many a New Eng 
land hillside and in many a city and town, the men who 
had been reared in these same cities and towns, and who 
had come from these very hillsides, were baring their 
breasts to one of the most furious storms that ever 
burst upon devoted heroes heads. And while the minis 
ters of religion throughout the land were offering up fer 
vent petitions to the " God of Battles " for the success of 
the Union arms and the quick return of peace; the sons 
of New England, from workshop, farm, and school, were 
battling against tremendous odds that victory might 
come ; and that the blessing of an honorable peace, so 
much desired, might dawn over all the land. 

When the Forty-first arrived at Plains Store they were 



94 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

placed under the immediate command of General Grier- 
son, whose fame as a cavalry leader was being heralded 
throughout the country. The chief duties of Grier- 
son s command at Port Hudson was, guarding the 
roads leading out into enemy s country, protecting 
wagon trains, and scouting. This service was arduous, 
and attended with great peril. The men were in a hos 
tile country. A strong force of Confederate cavalry was 
in their rear. Numerous raids and dashes were a part 
of the enemy s tactics. On one of these incursions 
they had captured and carried off Brigadier-General Neal 
Dow, of Maine, as he lay wounded in a house just inside 
the Union lines. On another occasion the enemy s cav 
alry dashed into Springfield Landing. It was the great 
est surprise party that visited the army during its opera 
tions at Port Hudson. So sudden was their coming that 
everybody was taken unawares. Negroes at the Landing 
fled for their lives to the woods. Captains of river 
transports hid themselves between decks. The small 
guard present, overcome by fear, could do nothing to 
repel the invaders : while everybody seemed to feel like 
a certain man, who was present during a railroad acci 
dent. " It was very dangerous. I wished I was some 
where else. There are times," he added, " when absence 
of body is better than presence of mind." 

Our regiment was sent down to the rescue. By a 
forced march, the men hurried to the scene of danger. 
Everyone expected serious results. On their arrival, the 
enemy had gone ! We looked for him, and he was not ; 
we searched for him, but he could not be found. 

On the morning of June isth, another raid occurred 
at a place called Newport. Lieutenant Hodges, with 
Company C, had, the day before, reported to the com 
mander of the Fourteenth New York Cavalry, who were 
guarding the road at that point. He told Lieutenant 



PORT HUDSON. 95 

Hodges to make himself and his men as comfortable as 
possible for the night, and to hold himself in readiness in 
case of an attack. The attack did not come that night, 
but was deferred until very early in the morning. 

The writer well remembers how it began. From down 
the road there came the sound of a rifle ; then another ; 
then several ; then that ominous yell. The pickets were 
either captured or driven in. The Confederates came 
up the road on the galop. Their intention, evidently, 
was to " rush " the reserves. Some of the men were get 
ting breakfast ; others were picking berries in the bushes 
not far away. Lieutenant Hodges quickly did what he 
could to " prepare for company." He ordered the men 
to tighten the girths of their saddles, mount, and be 
" ready for action." The Lieutenant was no doubt sur 
prised at the rapidity of the enemy s movements. The 
New Yorkers were more surprised than was the Lieuten 
ant. As.they were nearer the outposts, the Confederates 
came up with them first. Some of them escaped; but 
their Major was captured, and three companies were 
made prisoners. Lieutenant Hodges was somewhat em 
barrassed on finding himself suddenly confronted by a 
Confederate officer, who demanded his surrender. With 
an oath and other uncomplimentary words, he called 
upon him to allow himself and his men to be taken. No 
sooner had he said this, and not waiting to hear the Lieu 
tenant say whether he would or wouldn t, he aimed his 
revolver at the Lieutenant s head, and fired. The writer 
expected to see Hodges fall to rise no more; but the bul 
let missed its mark and passed between us into the 
bushes behind. Had there been no brush fence between 
the Lieutenant and the Confederates there might have 
been more serious results. Lieut. Hodges thought it 
about time to "get out." Turning his face to the right 
and rear, he ordered a retreat, and started down the road 



96 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

toward Port Hudson. The men followed, as a natural 
consequence. There was not the slightest hesitancy on 
the part of any. Down the road went Company C at a 
rapid gait. The enemy followed, firing and yelling. 

It was an exciting chase. The flying bullets naturally 
accelerated the movements of the men of Company C. 
The chase was kept up for about two miles, then aban 
doned. We lost one man. Private Dane was slow of 
movement. He was probably killed, as we heard no 
more from him after the retreat. 

Lieutenant Hodges was soon reinforced by Colonel 
Sargent, who came out with the whole regiment to repel 
the invader. He. marched to the scene of the morning s 
exploit, but could find no Confederates. They were as 
scarce as orange blossoms in the arctic regions, or hum 
ming birds in winter on the coast of Labrador. 

Lieutenant Hodges was greatly mortified over the re 
sult at Newport. He soon after resigned, and left for his 
home in Roxbury. Whether his experience with the 
enemy in that exciting chase had anything to do with his 
retirement from the regiment the writer never learned. 
He was a good officer, rendered good service afterward 
in the Fourth Cavalry, and was finally killed in Northern 
Virginia before the war closed. Lieutenant Hodges had 
been in command of Company C for many months. Be 
fore the commencement of the Teche Campaign, and 
during it, he led the company in every movement. Cap 
tain Swift having been detached at Baton Rouge to 
serve on General Grover s staff, Lieutenant Hodges took 
on himself the duties of captain, and discharged them 
well. 

Many years after the close of the war there appeared 
the following story in a Western newspaper. It was 
written evidently by a member of Company C, Third 




COLONEL CHICKER1NG AS COLONEL OF CAVALRY. 



PORT HUDSON. 97 

Mass. Cavalry, who participated in that melee at New 
port, on the morning of June isth, 1863 : 



BLACKBERRIES AND BULLETS FOR BREAKFAST. 

During the spring and summer of 1863, the Nineteenth 
Army Corps, under General Banks, was engaged in the 
reduction of Port Hudson, on the Mississippi river. 

Several futile attempts had been made to carry the 
works by storm ; but at length the army had settled 
down to the real earnest experiences of a siege. 

The cavalry to which I chanced to belong were engaged 
in guarding the roads leading out into the enemy s 
country. 

One morning, not many days before the surrender, an 
experience came to my company which no one probably, 
who was present, will ever forget. 

It was the time for blackberries, many of which were 
ripe in the immediate vicinity. The boys had made up 
their minds the night before to have a few for breakfast. 
Rising early in the gray dawn of the morning, many of 
them were busily engaged in filling their cups with the 
delicious fruit. 

Suddenly the crack of a rifle broke on the air. Then 
came another, then a third, and we knew that the outpost 
had been attacked. Soon we heard the rebel yell and the 
clattering of hoofs. 

It did not take long for us to hurry back to our horses, 
tighten our girths and mount. But no sooner had we 
done this than the enemy were upon us. They dashed 
up the road at a furious rate, swinging their sabres and 
demanding our surrender. 

On the opposite side of the road was a company of 
New York cavalry. Every man was taken so completely 



9& THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

by surprise that the enemy found them an easy prey. 
They surrendered without firing a shot. 

Our turn came next. Riding toward us, and address 
ing our captain, was a fierce-looking fellow, evidently 
their leader, who, in not very complimentary terms, de 
manded our surrender. At the same time he raised his 
revolver and fired. The bullet passed dangerously near the 
head of our commander. A thick brush fence prevented 
the enemy from dashing down upon us at once, and gave 
us a little time to gather ourselves together and retreat. 
This we began to do without much hesitation. 

It soon became evident that the faster we travelled the 
better it would be for us. So we just let our horses out. 
Bullets were flying about very carelessly. I chanced that 
day to be on the back of a Texas pony. He could go 
like the wind, and I just let him go. Our commander 
was upon a long-legged pacer ; he was the most homely 
looking horse in the regiment. In an emergency, how 
ever, he could travel. So we went on, and the rebels 
after us; we tore down the road at a furious rate; the 
dust flew ; our hair flew ; our scabbards flew ; and we 
flew just as fast as we knew how, until we had gone a mile 
or so, when we were met by reinforcements, and the 
enemy gave up the chase. 

Blackberries and bullets were all we had for breakfast 
that day. When the exciting scene was over we found 
one man missing. Nothing has even been seen or heard 
of him from that day to this. He probably sleeps in an 
unknown grave. 



Although the Forty-first Regiment had now been serv 
ing for some time as cavalry, and as such had been armed 
with sabres, carbines and revolvers; and while they had 
demonstrated many times that they knew how to use 
these new weapons ; nevertheless the formal order, an- 



PORT HUDSON. 99 

nouncing the change from infantry to cavalry did not 
appear until June lyth, 1863. On that day, however, to 
the great gratification of all concerned, the following 
Order was promulgated : 

HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE GULF, 
NINETEENTH ARMY CORPS, 

NEW ORLEANS, June 17, 1863. 

(Before Port Hudson.) 

Special Order No. 145. 

6. The Forty First Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteers, Col. 
Tho nis E. Chickering, is converted into a regiment of cavalry, and 
is to have the organization, uniform, and equipment prescribed by 
laws and regulations for troops of that arm. 

The three unattached companies of Mass. Cavalry, viz., Com 
pany A, Captain Magee ; Company B, Captain Reed ; and Com 
pany C, Captain Cowen, are attached to and will form part of the 
Third Massachusetts Cavalry. The details of this arrangement will 
be promulgated in future orders. This order is to be subject to the 
approval of the President of the United States. 

By command of 

MAJOR-GENERAL -BANKS, 

(Signed) RICHARD B. IRWIN, 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 

The order of General Banks was approved by the au 
thorities at Washington by Special Orders, No. 325. 
War Department, dated July 22nd, 1863. Such was the 
turning-point in the history of the regiment, and such 
the transformation that came to it in the field before the 
batteries of Port Hudson in June, 1863. 

General Banks was getting anxious to bring the Port 
Hudson Campaign to a successful close. He had made 
two attempts, and had failed bat, nothing daunted, he 
was soon planning a third. On June i8th, the very next 
day after the promulgation of the Order referred to, there 



100 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 



came another, calling" for one thousand volunteers to 
storm the earthworks of the enemy. 

There were cogent reasons why the Commanding 
General was anxious to take the place at once. Dick 
Taylor was making trouble in the western part of the 
State. Coming down the Teche, he had captured 
Brashear City, at which place the regiment had stored its 
knapsacks, and we saw them no more for ever. Follow- 




TJIE DEFENSES OF POET HUDSON. 
C indicates location ot camp of Third Cavalry. 

ing up his success, he had marched up through the 
u Eden of Louisiana," along the Plaquemine, and had 
threatened Donaldsonville ; and even New Orleans. 
General Emery, commanding at the latter place, had sent 
word to Banks that he (Emery) must have reinforce 
ments, or the city would be captured. On June 26th, 
Captain Bunker, of the Third Cavalry, had come up from 
Baton Rouge, with a dispatch to General Banks to the 



PORT HUDSON. IOI 

effect that the enemy was threatening that city also. 
Dick Taylor did appear below the city, on the opposite 
shore, and annoyed passing steamers by the fire of his 
guns. 

General Banks, however, had no intention of giving up 
the fight. If the situation outside was serious for Banks, 
it was more serious still for Gardner inside. Banks 
reasoned that he (Gardner) could not hold out much 
longer. We now know that he was right. His ammuni- 
nition was almost gone. His men were on the verge of 
starvation. His corn mill had been burned by a shell. 




GEN. FRANK K. GARDNER, C. S. A. 
Confederate Commander at Port Hudson. 



Two thousand bushels of corn had been destroyed. No 
beef was left. Mules were killed and eaten, in order to 
keep the garrison from starving. It is said that rats were 
eaten also. Only fifteen serviceable guns remained in 
the earthworks. So accurate had been the fire of the 
Union gunners that most of Gardner s heavy ordnance 
had been disabled. The sappers and miners of the 
North were nearing the works of the enemy ; General 
Dwight had a mine ready on the left, charged with thirty 
barrels of powder. Its explosion would have destroyed 



IO2 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

the enemy s citadel in a moment. Banks was now plan 
ning desperate things. One thousand men, volunteers, 
were to be organized as a "forlorn hope." They were to 
be commanded by Colonel Birge, of Connecticut. Drilled 
in a camp by themselves, they were, on a certain day, 
at a given signal, to charge the enemy; while the blowing 
up of the citadel was to be the given signal for the 
advance. 

The thousand men came forward. Never did men 
respond more cheerfully or heroically. Many came from 




BANKS HEADQUARTERS AT PORT HUDSON. 

the ranks of the Third Massachusetts Cavalry. Among 
them were many officers and non-commissioned officers 
of the various companies. 

In the Report of the Adjutant-General of Massachu 
setts for 1863, occur these significant words: The 
record of this regiment from this time (June 17) to 
September, 1863, is incomplete." 

The reason is apparent. Many of the officers were 
away from the regiment in the camp of the Forlorn 
Hope, with Birge. With them were some of the ser 
geants and other non-commissioned officers. Here they 



PORT HUDSON. 1 03 

remained until after July 8th, when many of the non- 
cjmmissioned officers were commissioned and sent to 
other regiments and other fields of action. Thus it was 
that the regimental life was somewhat disturbed and 
b roken up. 

The action of this one thousand men at this critical 
period is one of the most heroic incidents of the Civil 
War. It seems to stand alone. Nothing like it occurred 
before; nor was it ever repeated. 

General Banks promised the men not only the grati 
tude of the nation, but commissions and promotions, and 
gold medals when the war was over. The former came 5 
the gold medals have not yet arrived. 

When that awful chasm was opened in the Roman 
Forum, it was told the people that nothing could close it 
but the sacrifice of that most costly and most valuable to 
the Roman people. Marcus Curtius was the noblest 
Roman of them all. Seated on his milk-white charger, he 
appeared among his countrymen, voluntered to make the 
needed sacrifice, and, riding forward and into the awful 
gulf, disappeared from view, and the chasm closed. At 
Port Hudson, an awful chasm lay between the army and 
victory. Nothing could close it but the sacrifice of the 
bravest and best men of the command. The men of the 
Forlorn Hope were the Marcus Curtii of the Nineteenth 
Corps. Cheerfully they offered themselves as a willing 
sacrifice on the a!tar of the country, and the offer was ac 
cepted. A grateful nation will not soon forget their 
deeds. 

On the 6th of July startling news reached the camp of 
the Third Cavalry. "Vicksburg has surrendered! Grant 
has captured Pemberton and his whole army!" A wild 
scene ensued. Men shouted ; officers looked pleased, 
and guns roared. A tremendous salute from the gun 
boats could be heard for many miles. Gardner heard it, 



IO4 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

and wondered what it was all about. That salute was the 
death-knell of his hope. The good news was shouted 
across the lines. The pickets carried it to the Confeder 
ate officers, and they in turn communicated the tidings 
to the Confederate General Gardner. General Gardner 
called a council of war. Surrender was advised. On 
the yth of July Gardner asked Banks to give him 
some assurance that the news was true. Banks re 
plied by sending the original dispatch he had received 
from General Grant, and Gardner was convinced. Gard 
ner asked next for a cessation of hostilities ; but was re 
fused. Then he requested a conference, and Banks com 
plied. On July 8th, Port Hudson surrendered ; and, on 
the morning of the gth, Banks took formal possession of 
the place. 



CHAPTER VII. 



PORT HUDSON CONTINUED. 



The Summer of 63 A Trio of Triumphs A Year of Service The Third Cavalry 
in Garrison Repairing the Telegraph Capture of Lieutenant Gove Death 
of Private Bosworth Foraging in the Fall of 63 Our New Companies 
Our New Officers Promotions Port Hudson after the Surrender March 
ing Orders. 

THE summer of 1863 was a period of victories for the 
Army of the Union. Port Hudson was one of a great 
trio of triumphs that came that year. While Banks had 
b^en pounding- away at Port Hudson, and Grant at 
Vicksburg, General Lee had been marching a powerful 
Confederate force into Pennsylvania. Encouraged by 
his victory at Chancellorsville, on May 3rd of that year v 
he had conceived the idea of carrying the war into the 
enemy s country and had advanced dangerously near to 
Harrisburg, and even Philadelphia. General Meade had 
succeeded Hooker in command of the Army of the 
Potomac ; and at Gettysburg the two armies had met in 
desperate combat. 

After a three days battle with great loss on both sides 
Lee had been defeated, and Cemetery Hill, and Little 
Round Top had passed into history by the side of Bun 
ker Hill and Yorktown. These three great victories not 
only occasioned great rejoicing throughout the North, 
but also led the nation to hope that the beginning of the 
H 



PORT HUDSON. IO7 

end was near. In this hope the men of the Third Cavalry 
shared. One year before, saw the beginnings of the 
regimental life; this year witnessed the beginning of the 
regimental glory. 

On the morning of July Qth the Nineteenth Army 
Corps took possession of the Confederate works. The 
column entered by the Jackson Road. 

At its head rode Andrews and his staff. Next came 
Birge at the head of his "Forlorn Hope." Then came 
Weitzel, and a portion of Grover s and Dwight s divisions. 
The formal surrender was now witnessed. Gardner s 
men stood in line. The right was near the railroad 
station, the left near the village. Gardner gave the 
order "Ground arms!" the bugler blew, every Con 
federate bowed his head and laid down his arms. 

Gardner tendered his sword to Andrews, who declined 
to take it. The stars and bars were hauled down, and 
the stars and stripes floated in their place,while Duryea s 
Battery fired a salute. The garrison filed off as pris 
oners of war, and the formal ceremonies of the surrender 
were over. 

The Third Cavalry now looked back with pride on 
the year s service. 

One year before, they had been presented banners by 
the State ; this year, they could write upon those banners 
the names of battle-fields on which Massachusetts sol 
diers had shed lustre on Massachusetts fame. 

The surrendered garrison at Port Hudson must now 
be cared for, and to the Third Cavalry General Banks 
now looked for help. Colonel Chickering, of the Third 
Cavalry, was appointed by General Banks Provost Mar 
shal of Port Hudson, and at once entered upon the du 
ties of his new position. 

The Confederate garrison of Port Hudson, which had 
now surrendered, was paroled. This, and the relief of 



PORT HUDSON. IOQ 

the sick and wounded was the first duty performed by 
Colonel Chickering. The number paroled was about six 
thousand. Five hundred sick and wounded Confederates 
were found by Colonel Chickering in the hospitals. 
The Colonel s treatment of these unfortunate men 
was most humane. Food was furnished them, and kind 
nurses ministered to their wants. The men of the 
North were not only as "brave as a lion;" they could 
also be as " gentle as a lamb." 

On the 1 5th of July, Companies B and C were per 
mitted to visit the inside of the fortifications. The men 
looked about with great interest. Scenes of desolation 
and ruin were on every hand. Dead horses and mules 
remained unburied or only partially covered. Broken 
bits of shell were seen scattered over the ground. Great 
guns disabled, and gun carriages broken, were found at 
every angle of the fort ; while the buildings were torn by 
shot and shell ; with many in ruins. In the hospitals 
were poor, emaciated soldiers, sadly needing the comforts 
of home and the blessings of. peace. Gardner s men had 
put up a stubborn fight, and had suffered heavily. Five 
hundred men had been sacrificed during the forty-five 
days of the siege. Little ammunition was found ; but 
many rifles. They lay in huge piles like those of cord- 
wood. They were well worn and rusty. About five 
thousand small arms were thus seen by the men; while 
the artillery numbered about fifty-one pieces. 

The Third Cavalry now had a variety of experiences. 
On the 25th of July the regiment was ordered to move 
its camp from Baton Rouge road, at Plains Store, to a 
place half a mile farther north. 

On the 25th, the men went on a scouting expedition 
toward Clinton, and returned with one prisoner. 

On the 3Oth, the regiment was paid off. This was 
almost as great a surprise as the Surrender, and occa- 



IIO THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

sioned almost as much joy. For six months the men had 
been waiting for the arrival of this glad day. Many of 
them had been u dead broke " for a long time. At 
Opelousas some of them had tried to buy a little tobacco 
with a great deal of Confederate money. The dealer, 
who was a Jew, refused the money. This angered Uncle 
Sam s soldiers, and they immediately proceeded to con 
fiscate the whole lot. While they were having a merry 
time, helping themselves, and while the Jew was running 
about in great distress of mind, suddenly the " provo 
guard " appeared on the scene, and rescued the poor 
dealer from impending financial ruin. 

On August 3rd, a part of the regiment went on a scout. 
Lieutenant Gove and Lieutenant Stone were in com 
mand. Proceeding in the direction of Jackson, they 
were attacked by a large force of Confederates, who 
were on the march from Liberty to Jackson. Four 
killed and ten missing, was the result of this encounter 
with the enemy. 

On August loth, two of Company H s men were taken 
prisoners while foraging outside the pickets. 

As the regiment was now cavalry, there came a change 
in the number of its field officers. A regular regiment 
of cavalry was entitled to two lieutenant-colonels, instead 
of one, as in the infantry. It was also entitled to three 
majors, instead of one, as formerly. 

The first promotions came from the unattached com 
panies now united with the regiment. 

Captain James McGee was made a Major on June lyth, 
1863, at the time of the promulgation of General Banks 
order. On the same day Captain Jonathan E. Cowen 
was promoted to be the 3d Major. 

Major Cowen was discharged for promotion on Au 
gust 1 2th and Captain S. Tyler Reed was commissioned 



PORT HUDSON. 



II I 



Major in his place. Thus on August i3th the regi 
ment had for its three majors, Vinal, McGee and Reed. 
On the 24th of August the Third Cavalry was or 
dered inside the fortification. Henceforth we were to 
garrison the place in company with other troops. Gen 
eral Andrews was now our new Commander, Grierson 




GEN. ANDREWS HEADQUARTERS AT PORT HUDSON. 1863. 

Camp of Third Mass. Cav. in the rear. 

having departed. His headquarters as Post Commander 
were quite near the camp of the Third Cavalry. 

Not long after the regiment took up its quarters 
inside the fort, a very amusing incident occurred. As 
the boys had money in their pockets it was their custom 
to buy hot biscuits of the negro women who had been 
left behind after the parole of the Confederate troops. 
These colored women were good breadmakers, and did 



112 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

a thriving business with the soldiers. It was the custom 
to bake the bread in iron bakers over a fire built on the 
ground. Sometimes they used stones for backlogs and 
supports, and at other times bits of broken shell. On 
one of these interesting occasions an old colored woman 
had placed a long conical shell for her backlog. Now 
the dear old soul never suspected that that particular 
shell had never exploded. She built her fire and went 
on with the making of her biscuit. She had placed 
them in the pan, and had placed the pan on the fire, 
which was now getting pretty hot. Suddenly there was 
a movement among the live coals ; and the movement 
was upward. Backlog, pan, biscuit, and fire went up 
in confusion, and when they came down they were 
many rods apart. The old lady was panic-stricken. The 
wonder is that she wasn t killed. 

There is a story told by the Vicksburg comrades, of 
an old negro who was blown "free" miles into the air, 
but came down in time to witness the surrender of 
Pemberton to Grant. His picture afterward was pub 
lished in Harper s Weekly as one of the survivors of the 
siege. 

About this time Colonel Chickering obtained leave of 
absence, leaving the command of the regiment to Col 
onel Sargent. Colonel Chickering did not return to the 
regiment again, and Colonel Sargent was henceforth its 
leader until near the close of the war. 

Among the important duties which devolved upon the 
Third Cavalry at Port Hudson after the surrender was 
that of keeping open telegraphic communication with 
Baton Rouge. Frequent successful attempts were made 
by the enemy to cut the wires during the fall of 1863, and 
the men of this regiment were often sent down the road 
to find and repair the " break." 

Sometimes they saw the enemy and a skirmish ensued. 




X O 

o ^-- 



< 
u 2 2 



PORT HUDSON. 113 

At times the enemy would "cut and run," as the men 
would say; at other times more serious things would hap 
pen, as the following will show. On September 4th, Major 
Vinal went out with a battalion to find and fix a break. 
Signs of the enemy were noticed,. but no fight occurred. 
Coming back over the " plank road," two prisoners were 
captured and brought in. On October ;th, Lieutenant 
Twitchell, now commanding Company C, was attacked by 
a company of Confederate scouts. Twitchell gave chase, 
and they " skedaddled " into the woods beyond, and were 
seen no more that day. Colonel Sargent decided, about 
this tim?, to give the enemy some of their own medicine. 
Ambush business with them was quite brisk. The 
Third Cavalry would now play a little at the same game. 
A company of men was, therefore, ordered to lay in am 
bush all night, if need be, until some of the enemy went 
by. Had the Confederates appeared, serious results would 
have followed. This was on Oct. roth; but on Nov. Qth 
a serious ambush occurred on the Baton Rouge road. A 
detachment under Captain Noyes had been sent down 
the road to repair the wire ; when returning leisurely along 
the road, they were suddenly fired upon by two hundred 
of the enemy hid in the bushes, not faraway. Lieut. Gove, 
who commanded the advance guard, was wounded and 
made prisoner. Private Bos worth, Co. C, fell to rise no 
more. Riding near him was his uncle,* who lost his life. 
One horse was killed, six men were wounded, and four 
others taken prisoners. " The bullets flew thickly," .says 
Comrade Littlefield, who was in the fight. " I ran for 
about three miles, with the bullets whistling after me. I 
came near being captured." Lieutenant Gove was taken 
by the enemy to Jackson, while Lieutenant Muzzey had a 
narrow escape. Two of the wounded men died in the 
night, the rest were brought in and cared for in the regi 
mental hospital. 

* The unc le s name was Nye. ED. 



114 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

The next day we buried the men, and on the following 
day a party with a flag of truce went up to Jackson to 
carry clothing and other comforts to Lieutenant Gove. 
He had been slightly wounded in the shoulder.* 

Comrade Maxfield was with the squad that was fired 
into. The point was near Mill s plantation, the same 
place that Colonel Neal Dow was captured previously.* 
Maxfield, who was on picket the next day near the spot, 
found Gove s horse grazing in the woods nearby, and 
brought it into camp. The second day after Gove s cap 
ture, a squad went up to Jackson with a flag of truce. 
Maxfield was with them. They brought Gove down to 
the picket line in a plantation carriage, attended by two 
lady nurses from Jackson. They took him to Mississippi, 
to a plantation owned by Scott, the rebel, until he was 
convalescent, and then to Salisbury. He escaped from 
prison there and was gone four or five days, when he was 
recaptured and taken from a negro s hut. He was then 
transferred to Columbia. He rejoined the regiment at 
Fall Church, Va., in May, 1865. 

Another duty, which came to the regiment during the 
fall of 1863, was that of providing fodder for the horses. 
Numerous foraging expeditions were organized. Some 
times detachments of the regiment went out under some 
captain or lieutenant, while on other days the whole regi 
ment was engaged in scouring the country for corn. 

On some of these excursions important captures were 
made. Perhaps some officer of the Confederate army 
was home on furlough. If the men of the Third Cavalry 
found him, and he failed to get away, his furlough was 
cut short, and he was obliged to come with the men back 
to camp. On one occasion a Confederate surgeon was 
captured. One day, a party of thirty caught an officer 

* Lieut. Gove was subsequently imprisoned at Columbia, S. C., and 
w as liberated by exchange, near the close of the war. [Eo. 



PORT HUDSON. 115 

with despatches. He was bound for Texas, via the Mis 
sissippi River, with important papers for Dick Taylor 
and Kirby Smith. 

On December 2ist; the Third Cavalry went on its last 
foraging expedition into the regions beyond. It had only 
a short time before penetrated to within four miles of 
Jackson, driven in the enemy s pickets, capturing a few, 
and bringing a large supply of corn to camp. On the 
2ist of December we had gone out about twelve miles 
from Port Hudson, and had found some very fine "fod 
der " for our horses. The wagons had been loaded and 
were returning to camp, when the wagon-train mired in 
the mud, and the expedition was delayed. Strong hands 
and many them came to the assistance of the mules ; and 
mules and men, cheered by the officers, pulled out 
the wheels, and we brought the heavily loaded wagons at 
a late hour to camp in safety. 

Foraging became a necessity at Port Hudson. Our 
horses demanded corn. We were obliged to go out in 
the country, and help ourselves. Foraging on one s 
private account was sometimes attended by disagreeable 
experiences. General D wight was particularly hard on 
anyone who confiscated property from the enemy. One 
of the bravest and best officers of the regiment was 
placed under arrest by Dwight during the Teche Cam 
paign because, forsooth, when he returned from the de 
struction of the Salt Works, near New Iberia, he saw a 
goose hanging from the pommel of the lieutenant s 
saddle. The writer remembers well that, during that 
same weary march from Brashear City to Opelousas, he 
was sharply reprimanded by the same officer, because, in 
an unguarded moment, he had allowed the General to 
see him making off with another goose, which he was to 
use in satisfying the gnawings of hunger. Military dis 
cipline is a good thing, and rules and regulations are 



u6 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 



doubtless necessary for the government of large bodies 
of men in the field ; but there are times when hungry sol 
diers recognize a higher law ; viz., the law of self-preser 
vation. "All that a man hath will he give for his life," 
and all that another man hath will he take, in order that 
he may not lose it. This is the doctrine that sometimes 
prevails in war. 




POST GUARD HOUSE, PORT HUDSON. 

A Thanksgiving celebration was enjoyed by the regi 
ment on November 26th. Some of the men had extra 
rations ; one company (E) going so far as to eat plum 
pudding. This was not known by the other companies 
until some time after the pudding had been devoured. 
There were good and sufficient reasons why the presence 
of such valuable property might not be known generally. 
The less said about it, the more the Company E owners 



PORT HUDSON. IIJ 

would get of it. The regiment indulged in various 
kinds of sports. There was a greased pole, a pig race, 
and a foot race. Men skilled in these arts won great ap 
plause and some fame. Bugler Rymill of Company E 
was the hero of the day. He won two bag races and 
ten dollars. So difficult were the operations demanded 
of the men, that everyone said that Comrade Rymill 
earned his money. 

Another pleasant memory of Port Hudson days was 
the presentation of a silver bugle by Company C to the 
writer, who had been detailed to act as bugler. In a few 
well-chosen words First Sergeant Nathan G. Smith called 
private James K. Ewer to the front at company roll call, 
and presented him with a beautiful silver bugle which 
had been purchased with money contributed for that 
purpose. That bugle was prized most highly by the re 
cipient, but was unfortunately lost during the disastrous 
Red River Campaign. 

The life of the regiment during that fall at Port Hud 
son, 1863, was arduous in the extreme. The men 
earned their wages. They were up early and late, made 
long days, but did not complain. 

In the Adjutant-General s report for 1863 we read: 
" The men were kept almost constantly in the saddle. 
Forage had to be obtained by sending out wagons eight 
or ten miles into the enemy s country, or the horses 
would have died of starvation." " No man in the com 
mand unless physically disabled has been off duty more 
than one clay at a time during these four months." 

It was an honorable record, reflectingcredit upon them 
selves as well as upon the State that had sent them out. 
Important service was rendered by many of the officers, 
during the stay of the regiment at Port Hudson. In 
scouting, in foraging, and on special service, they bore 
their part well. Captain Bunker at one time was in 



I i THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY 

command of a battalion at Baton Rouge, and obtained a 
good report by his fidelity. 

The negroes in Louisiana were as a class very friendly 
to the Union Army. Sometimes, however, they would 
" take things," and in several instances were caught steal 
ing the weapons of the men. On such occasions they 
were punished summarily. It has been reported to the 
writer that one such thief was actually whipped to death 
by order of a Union officer, a seventy that was not en 
dorsed by the men of the Third Cavalry. 

Many of these " Freedmen " became faithful and 
trusted servants of the officers, loyal and true in the dis 
charge of their duties. Many more were made company 
cooks; thus relieving the white men who had been de 
tailed from the various companies for that service. Quite 
a number enlisted to serve as cooks. 

These negroes, according to their own testimony, 
sometimes attained a good old age. " Pompey," said one 
of our men to an old negro at Baton Rouge, " Have 
you been around here long?" "Ever since I was 
born." How long ago were you born ? " " Well, " said 
Pompey, " I reckon its nigh onto 114 years dat I m here 
in these parts." That settled it. 

While the Third Cavalry were at Port Hudson, Col 
onel Vinal was injured by an accident. The regiment 
was making ready for inspection. Vinal was showing 
the members of Company A the movements for the in 
spection of pistols. In returning one to its case, the ham 
mer caught on the edge of the case, and the pistol was 
discharged. The bullet passed through his pocket knife, 
and through his thigh near his body. He was removed 
to his tent, and the surgeon dressed his wound. He was 
sent home to recruit his health, and also to enlist men for 
the regiment. 

Seven months had now been spent by the regiment at 



PORT HUDSON. IIQ 

Port Hudson. The men had seen hard service. The 
summer had been exceedingly hot, and the winter exceed 
ingly cold. Ice had made during the December days, 
an unusual thing in Louisiana. Thanksgiving had 
come and gone, and so had Christmas. Occasionally a 
mail from the North had cheered them, and once in a 
while a box. The men were tired of garrison duty, and 
wished for a change The change came sooner than they 
anticipated. 

With the beginning of the New Year came the Illinois 
Cavalry, who had been sent to relieve the regiment. 

On the 8th, seven companies left for New Orleans, and 
on the 15th five companies more, under Captain Noyes, 
departed. The rest soon followed. " Boots and Saddles " 
was sounded, the men mounted their horses, marched 
down to the river front, said "good bye," to those behind, 
and their days at Port Hudson were numbered. 



CHAPTER VIII. 



LIFE IN A COTTON PRESS. 



On a Kiver Transport The " Laurel Hill " The " Empire Parish " Memories 
of Port Hudson The Father of Waters Arrival at New Orleans A Cotton 
Press for Barracks A Day s Duty Doing the City Statue of Andrew 
Jackson Battlefield of Chalmette The Marine Hospital Inauguration of 
a Governor The Officers Wives Review at Carrollton General Grant at 
New Orleans Beginning of Red River Campaign Our New Battle-Flag 
Our Commanders - Crossing the Mississippi On the March. 

THE transport service on the Mississippi was an in 
teresting feature of army life. Great side-wheel steam 
boats with tall double smoke-stacks carried the troops 
ofttimes by water from place to place. Among the river 
boats the most frequently seen were the " Empire Parish," 
"Laurel Hill," "St. Maurice," "Rob Roy" and "Iberville." 

Then there was the "R. C. Wood," which was used as a 
hospital boat. These boats had a continuous low pres 
sure escape, and this with their whistle differentiated 
them from any steamers the men had ever seen. Their 
whistle was something remarkable. Captain Swift once 
said that he noticed that when they " blew their whistle 
they stopped going." They whistled so long and so 
loud that they hadn t steam enough to make the whistle 
and paddle wheels go at the same time. These boats 
were welcome guests at Port Hudson. Sometimes they 
brought hay for the horses, food for the men, and ammu 
nition for the guns; while they frequently gladdened the 
hearts of all by bringing a large and longed for mail 
from the North. 



IN A COTTON PRESS. 121 

Five times the men of the Third Cavalry had passed 
over the bosom of the " Father of Waters." One of 
their number, an officer, had been drowned in its yellow 
flood.* They had filled their canteens from its turbid 
tide, and for many months had camped on its wooded 
banks. Every armed fort, which in former days had ob 
structed commerce, had disappeared before the victor 
ious arms of the North, and the majestic river on whose 
bosom they were now borne, flowed at length " unvexed 
to the sea." 

The boat on which the battalion left Port Hudson was the 
"Laurel Hill," often seen by the men during their service 
in Louisiana. It was midnight when we started on our 
trip, and at daylight the men found themselves opposite 
Plaquemine on the west bank of the river. The " Laurel 
Hill " steamed along down the river, which in some places 
is exceedingly crooked, and about dark we arrived at 
New Orleans and disembarked. 

The men were glad to find themselves once more in 
the Crescent City, where they were to have a season of rest 
and recuperation. At Port Hudson they had lived on 
short rations, and their duties had been severe. On 
account of the climate, and from overwork and improper 
diet, much sickness had prevailed, and the physical condi 
tion of the regiment was not the best. It was, therefore, 
perfectly natural that when the " Laurel Hill" landed 
the men at New Orleans there was great gratification ex 
pressed on every hand. 

The regiment found quarters at New Orleans in a large 
cotton press, located in the southern part of the city, not 
far from the river front. Here the men were to be 
housed, fed and clothed, and here their horses were to be 
cared for, until prepared for stirring scenes in another 
part of the State. These cotton presses had been the 

* Captain Henry Damage- [Eu, 
I 



122 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 



scene ot great activity before the war. From the rich cot. 
ton fields of Louisiana and Texas, large amounts of cot 
ton had come annually to New Orleans. Here it was 
pressed and shipped in ocean vessels to the ports of Great 
Britain and New England. During the war many of these 
presses were empty, and were used by the government for 




CHALMETTE MONUMENT. BATTLEFIELD OF NEW ORLEANS. 

various purposes. The lower part of the cotton press was 
used for the horses, while the men occupied quarters 
overhead. It can be said with truthfulness that these 
quarters were more comfortable for the men than the 
cloth-tents on the heights of Port Hudson. The food was 
also better, and this, together with a change of scene, 
began to show itself in a changed physical condition of 
the men. 



IN A COTTON PRESS. 



123 



As soon as the regiment had settled down in its new 
home, opportunity was given the men to "do" the town, 
an opportunity the men were quick to seize. Among 
the places of interest visited was the battlefield of 
"Chalmette, " just below the city. On this field Gen 
eral Jackson defeated the English at the close of the war 
of 1812. 




STATUE OF GENERAL JACKSON. 

A tall shaft commemorates the victory, and stands not 
far from the National Cemetery, where many of the 
Third Cavalry lie buried. Another interesting object 
seen by the men was the equestrian statue of Jackson, 
located in Jackson Square, in the heart of the city. The 
face of the old hero was somewhat colored by age, and 
one of Grierson s soldiers hardly recognized the features 
of " Old Hickory," at first. 

Colonel Anderson* tells of a rather amusing incident 

Kev. Ed, Anderson commanded an Illinois regiment of Cavalry under Grierson, 



124 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

that occurred as two Irishmen of his command were 
walking up Canal street. 

" Mike," said Pat, " what nagur is that ?" pointing in the 
direction of the statue. " That s not a nagur," saidMike; 
"that s Jackson." " What, the great Andrew Jackson ? " 
said Pat, getting interested. "Yes," said Mike, "the 
great Andrew." 

" And me with my hat on ! " said the other, uncovering 
before the figure of the man he so much admired. 

He was evidently in the same dilemma as an old lady 
who once came down from her country home to the city, 
and saw for the first time a statue of Daniel Webster. 
Time had made the bronze nearly black. The old lady 
looked with surprise at the face of the Great Expounder, 
and, as she turned away, said, " I never supposed Daniel 
had such a dark complexion." 

Besides the objects noted above, there were also the 
St. Charles Hotel, where General Butler had had his 
headquarters, and where many Union officers found "aid 
and comfort." Canal Street and Carrollton, and the 
Marine Hospital, and the theatres were visited in due 
season, and a general good time was enjoyed by all in 
the Queen City of the South. 

During the stay of the regiment at New Orleans, 
many of the officers found comfortable quarters in cot 
tages not far away ; where some of them boarded in com 
pany with their wives, who had come from the North to 
visit their husbands. These ladies rendered very com 
mendable service in visiting the hospitals and in minis 
tering to the sick and wounded soldiers who came under 
their eye. 

Among those who thus endeared themselves to the 
regiment were Mrs. G. F. Pope and Mrs. W. M. 
Gifford, whose names will live in the memory of the men 
as long as life endures. When, many years after the 



IN A COTTON PRESS. 125 

close of the war, the author was summoned to attend the 
funeral of Mrs. Gifford, it was not difficult to speak in 
highest terms of the many deeds of kindness performed 
by her for the sick and wounded men of the regiment 
during 1864, as they lay suffering in the hospitals of New 
Orleans. 

At one of these homes in which Lieut. Gifford boarded, 
occurred a scene never to be forgotten by those who wit 
nessed it. A Spanish lady kept the home. Her senti 
ments were ultra " Secesh." She had great sympathy 
with the South. She was very plain and outspoken in 
her opinions. Her daughter, a beautiful young lady of 
nineteen summers, was just the opposite of her Spanish 
mother. She sided with the Union ; was glad when 
Farragut took the city, and rejoiced when victories came 
to the Union army. 

One day, in a hot dispute over the situation, the mother 
lost her temper ; in a moment of ungovernable passion 
she seized a dagger, and plunged it into the breast of her 
beautiful daughter. Not long after, her daughter s life 
less body was borne to the silent tomb. This was one 
of the many tragedies of the Civil War. 

New Orleans was not altogether loyal at this time. 
It has been said that the city was held by two forces. 
It was peaceful and quiet. Yet on one hand there was 
the power of the sword, and on the other that of a 
hostile intent. The following incident well illustrates 
the feeling of many in the Queen City toward the men 
of the North. It was the day before Easter. A Massa 
chusetts soldier was strolling along the street in front of a 
small church. The sound of music from within arrested 
his attention, and drew his footsteps to the church door. 
He entered. 

The choir was rehearsing at the farther end of the 
auditorium. He listened reverently. The rector was 



126 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

with them. No sooner had the singers caught sight of 
the soldier than the music ceased. The singers cast 
unfriendly glances. "Am I intruding?" inquired 
the soldier respectfully. " Yes, " was the curt reply. 
The soldier retired, followed to the door by the rector, 
who probably took precautions that prevented a possible 
repetition of the disagreeable event. 

The bitterness had been developing many years, and 
did not die when Lee surrendered to U. S. Grant on the 
banks of the Appomattox. 

On the 24th of January the regiment was reviewed by 
General N. A. M. Dudley, of Massachusetts, who was 
to be our Brigade Commander. The Third Cavalry 
marched though some of the principal streets of the city, 
after inspection and review and returned to the Press in 
the afternoon. The city papers spoke well of this 
parade, as the following from the " New Orleans Picay 
une " will indicate. 

CAVALRY PARADE. 

Colonel Dudley s splendid cavalry brigade paraded our principal 
streets yesterday, eliciting the admiration of our citizens, and calling 
forth many complimentary remarks upon their fine soldierly appear 
ance. They did not look quite so magnificent as the Queen s Horse 
Guards, but we are very sure they can do better rough fighting and 
more of it. One or two of the regiments have been but recently 
mounted, which accounts for the slight awkwardness displayed by a 
few of the companies ; but that will wear away when they get used to 
the saddle and their uniforms come to fit them more neatly. The stock 
was not allof the best quality ; but in mounting such a number of men 
as have been put on horseback in this department, the Rosinantes, as 
well as the Bucephale and Incitati had to be pressed into service. The 
line marched up St. Charles street about 10 o clock and passed Acting 
Brigadier General, Col. N. A. M. Dudley, in review at the Clay statue 
on Canal Street. It presented a formidable appearance, and although 
composed of but four regiments and a battery of artillery, it was amus 
ing to hear the estimates made of its numbers by citizens the majority 



IN A COTTON PRESS. 127 

placing the total at ten thousand, so deceptive to the unmilitary eye 
is a large body of cavalry. After "passing in review," the troopers 
rode through several of our principal thoroughfares, and passed the 
residence of the Commanding General. With their banners and sabres 
flashing in the sunlight, the picture they presented was grand and 
imposing. 

This brigade has but recently been formed, and this was its first 
parade. It is composed of the following regiments: The late 3ist Inf., 
Massachusetts Volunteers, now the 6th Massachusetts Cavalry, Lieu 
tenant Colonel Hopkins commanding; the 2d Illinois Cavalry; Lieuten 
ant Colonel Bush commanding; the 3d Massachusetts Cavalry, Lieu 
tenant Colonel Sargent commanding, and the 1st New Hampshire 
Cavalry, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Flanders. 

Col. Dudley rode at the head of his fine Brigade, accompanied by 
the following officers : Col. H. B. Sargent, Acting A.D C. to Gen. 
Banks, and his personal staff, Lieut. C. C. Dean, A.A.A.G. ; Capt. 
J. C. Hodges, A.A.I.G. ; Capt. F. H. Whittier, A.A.Q.M.; Lieut. 
Eayres, A.A.C.S. ; Lieut. R. B. Granger, Ordnance Officer ; Lieut. 
S. H. Loring, A.A.D.C. It is a fine body of soldiers, and under the lead 
of its gallant commander will be frequently heard from before "this 
cruel war is over," if we are not mistaken. 

The reviews were generally on Sunday. About this 
time quite a number of recruits arrived from the North, 
and were distributed among the various companies of 
the command. 

Among the recruits was a young man who became 
company clerk of Captain Twitchell, commanding Com 
pany C. The young recruit was afterward Mayor of 
Lynn, Mass. He then ran for Congress, defeating 
E. S. Converse of Maiden. He ran again, this time 
defeating Henry Cabot Lodge, in the same district. The 
name of the recruit was Henry B. Lovering. 

Soon after the Dudley review, occurred the inaugura 
tion of the first negro governor of Louisiana. Michael 
Hahn had been elected to the highest office in the gift of 
the state. His inaugural day had been fixed, and had 
now arrived. The public exercises occurred in Jackson 



128 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Square, and were witnessed by a vast concourse of peo 
ple. General Banks and staff were present in full uni 
form. Mr. P. S. Gilmore had come from New York 
to lead in the musical programme of the day. 

The exercises were elaborate and impressive. The 
military display was imposing. The Third Cavalry was 
ordered out to take part in the demonstration. The reg 
iment stood in line not far from Jackson s monument 
and quite near the military bands. An interesting feature 
of the musical programme was the firing of cannon as an 
accompaniment to the bands. Gilmore was in his glory. 
Every eye was on the great master of music. The 
drums beat, the cornets blew patriotic notes, the guns 
boomed, while banners waved like mosses from over 
hanging boughs. It was a day long to be remembered 
by all who witnessed it. Michael Hahn was now safely 
seated in the gubernatorial chair. 

A beautiful cavalry battle flag had already been pre 
sented to the regiment, and in after days its bright folds 
waved on many fields on which the men of the Third, 
by heroic action, covered themselves with undying fame. 

On the 3ist of January, the regiment was again re 
viewed by General Dudley, at which time a brigade 
battle-flag was presented by the ladies of Massachusetts. 
About this time the daughter of General Banks was 
adopted as the " Daughter of the Brigade " in which was 
the Third Cavalry ; and the ladies of Massachusetts re 
siding at New Orleans presented the flag to the Brigade. 

On the 27th of February occurred the "Grand Review" 
of troops at Carrollton. This was a great parade. Here 
were the men who had made history and were soon to 
make more. 

On January 5th, 1864, the Third Cavalry became a part 
of the Fourth Brigade of Lee s Cavalry Division, which 
was to lead the movement toward Shreveport. General 





GAIT- I AMES W. HERVEY. CAPT. GEORGE \V. HOWI.AND. 





CAPT. \VM. T. HODGES. CAPT. C. W. C. RHODES. 



IN A COTTON PRESS. I2Q 

A. L. Lee, formerly of Grant s Army, had been sent 
to assist Banks in this movement, and was said to 
be a favorite of Grant and an able and efficient officer. 
The Brigade was composed of the Eighth New Hamp 
shire, Second Illinois, Sixth and Third Massachusetts, 
and always co-operated well on every field of action. 

General Banks was now planning a new campaign. 
Gratified by his victories at Bisland, Irish Bend, Ope- 
lousas, Alexandria and Port Hudson, he now turned his 
attention toward Shreveport. 

General Franklin had been appointed Commander of 
the Nineteenth Corps; Sherman sent General A. J. 
Smith, with 7,500 men of the Sixteenth Corps to co 
operate with Banks. There were also 2,500 men of the 
Seventeenth Corps under General Mower, two divisions 
of the Thirteenth Corps (Landram s and Cameron s) 
under General T. E. G. Ransum. This plan had been 
decided upon after considerable correspondence with 
General Halleck at Washington and conferences with 
other leaders. Grant favored a movement against Mo 
bile. Refugees from Texas desired a movement into 
that state. Banks had already captured Brazos Santiago, 
on the Texas coast, but had not been able to penetrate 
into the interior of the state. An abortive attempt had 
been made at Sabine Pass. General Franklin, with a 
part of the Nineteenth Corps and several gunboats, had 
attempted to capture the forts and land troops. 

The "Suffolk," bearing the Headquarters flag of Frank 
lin led the way; the "Clifton," the "Sachem," and the 
"Arizona" engaged the forts. A shot from the Confederate 
batteries went through her boilers, killing private Cobb* 
of the Third Cavalry who had been detailed to serve in 
the Signal Corps. The "Sachem" hauled down her colors, 
and the "Clifton" followed suit. Weitzel concluded not to 

* Cobb was half brother of the author. 



130 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

land, and Franklin concluded, as one writer has said, to 
" give up the expedition and go home." 

This failure of Franklin at Sabine Pass was a great 
disappointment to Banks. His Adjutant-General says 
that the expedition returned to New Orleans in a sorry 
plight. Two hundred mules had been lost. Two hun 
dred thousand rations had been thrown into the sea. 
The "Laurel Hill " had great holes through her smoke 
stack, and about all of the transports were pretty well 
"stove up." The crewsof the " Clifton" and the " Sachem" 
were made prisoners. 

Banks now gave orders to concentrate at Brashear 
City. Here the knapsacks of the men of the Forty-first 
had been stored. Dick Taylor had captured the place, 
and every one of them had been destroyed while their 
owners were at Port Hudson. 

After considerable discussion and several minor mili 
tary movements, pressure was brought upon Banks to 
undertake a movement toward Shreveport. 

It is not generally understood that the " Red River Ex 
pedition" was originally planned by General William 
T. Sherman, Admiral Porter stated before the Com 
mittee on the Conduct of the War that Sherman and he 
(Porter) were preparing to go up there together. Gen 
eral Halleck, however, had another mind ; and while 
Sherman and Porter were planning, Banks was ordered 
to ascend Red River with 30,000 men. 

Sherman had been down to New Orleans, and had 
conferred with Banks concerning the details of the 
movement, and while there had been grave doubts 
offered as to the possibility of navigating the Red River, 
it was finally decided that the movement should be un 
dertaken, and that Banks should lead. Never was a 
movement begun under better auspices. Never did one 
close with graver results. 



IN A COTTON PRESS. 13! 

It is interesting to read some of the correspondence 
that passed between Washington and New Orleans con 
cerning the beginnings of the Red River Campaign. 
There was evidently much discussion concerning the 
wisdom of the movement, and a great variety of opinions 
were expressed as to its feasibility. 

General Halleck from the beginning favored the Red 
River movement. As early as .August, 1863, he wrote 
as follows : " In my opinion neither Indianola nor Gal- 
veston is the proper point of attack." 

Mr. Seward was anxious that the authority of the 
government should be retained in some port of Texas. 
"If it is necessary that the flag be restored to some one 
point in Texas that can be best, and most safely effected 
by a combined military and naval movement up the Red 
River." 

To this Banks replied, August 26: " The serious ob 
jection to moving on this line .... is the distance it 
carries us from New Orleans, and the great difficulty 
and length of time required to return, if the exigencies 
of the service should demand, which is quite possible." 

On October 16, Banks wrote again: "The movement 
upon Shreveport is impracticable at present." Halleck 
having urged again the movement up Red River, and 
promising help from Sherman and Porter, on the 2gth of 
January, while the Third Cavalry were in barracks in the 
Cotton Press, Banks wrote as follows : " I shall be ready 
to operate with General Sherman and General Steele as 
soon as I receive definite information of the time when 
they will be ready to move." 

Grant s idea of the Red River movement is shown in 
the following extract from a letter written by him to 
Sherman, Feb. 18, 64: " While I look upon such an ex 
pedition as of the greatest importance, I regret that any 



132 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

force has to be taken east of the Mississippi for it." 
" Unless you go in command of the proposed expedition, 
I fear that any troops you may send with it will be en 
tirely lost from further service in this command." " I 
give no positive orders." " What I do want is a speedy 
return." 



CHAPTER IX. 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 



Object of the Expedition The Forces Engaged March of the Third Cavalry 
From Algiers to Donaldsonville To Brashear City Crossing Berwick Bay 

Centreville Through Camp Bisland to Franklin Arrival at Opelousas 
The Third reaches Alexandria Capture of Henderson s Hill Arrival at 
Death s Hill Crossing of Cane River Capture of Natchitoches Arrival at 
Pleasant Hill Skirmishing Driving the Confederates Dick Taylor at Bay 

Franklin s Prophecy The Gathering Storm. 

THE Red River Expedition was now launched, and the 
men of the Third Cavalry were to lend a hand. They 
were not sorry. They had no desire to live forever in a 
cotton press. If there was to be active service for the 
Cavalry they did not wish to be left behind. On the first 
day of March the Third Cavalry was ready to move. 
Marching orders had arrived, and everything had been 
put in readiness to depart. At three o clock in the morn 
ing the sound of the bugle awoke the men from their 
slumber, and at seven o clock " Boots and saddles" was 
sounded by the regimental bugler. The men were in 
structed to be ready to move at a moment s notice. Then 
came a rain storm. The clouds looked black. The morn 
ing came ; and with it came wet, mud and disappointment. 
The next morning another attempt was made. The re 
veille was blown at six o clock and the men were ready 
to march at eight. At nine came marching orders, and at 
ten we left the Cotton Press on Levee Street to return no 
more. A part of the regiment crossed the Misissippi on 



134 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

a ferry-boat, while another part went on the steamer 
" Iberville," which carried them up to Camp Banks, op 
posite Carrollton. 

The Regiment, now united, marched about seven 
miles up the river bank, and joined the rest of the brig 
ade under General Dudley. That night we encamped 
for the first time as a brigade, on the banks of the Mis 
sissippi. The next morning we got an early start. 
" Boots and saddles " was sounded at seven, and in thirty 
minutes the brigade was on the march. 

It was a delightful country through which they 
marched, and the men evidently enjoyed the scenery and 
the morning air. A halt of an hour for dinner, and an 
afternoon march brought the brigade to a large planta 
tion, just beyond St. Charles. This was a good stopping 
place for the night, and here the men rested. Then the 
brigade moved forward until it reached Donaldsonville, on 
the 5th of March, having travelled about fifty miles from 
New Orleans. Donaldsonville was an interesting place 
to the men of Dudley s Brigade. Many of them had 
been here before ; some of them several times. This 
place had been occupied by Northern men before Banks 
had relieved Butler, and the Eighth New Hampshire 
had shared in the glory of its capture under Weitzel. 

Here the Forty-first had landed at the beginning of 
the Teche Campaign, when under Grover they had 
occupied and marched through this same territory. 
During the siege of Port Hudson, Donaldsonville had 
been the scene of one of the most stubborn fights and 
heroic defences in the Department. 

While Banks was pressing Gardner and effecting his 
surrender, Dick Taylor had crossed Berwick Bay, cap 
tured Brashear City, over ran the Lafourche country, 
and had finally appeared before Donaldsonville and de 
manded its surrender. At this place was a fortification 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 135 

called "Fort Butler." One hundred and eighty men were 
the garrison under Major Joseph D. Bullen. The Confed 
erate General Green attacked Fort Butler with 1,500 
men. The little garrison composed of the Twenty- 
eighth Maine had no idea of falling into the hands of 
the enemy. Green ordered an assault and failed to 
carry the works The fight was a desperate one. In 
some places it was hand to hand. Sick men who could 
hardly walk from the hospital to the earthworks, took 
a part in the struggle. Brick-bats were thrown by the 
Confederates, and these were caught and hurled back at 
the heads of the assaulting party. The fight lasted from 
1.20 in the morning until 3.45, when the yelling ceased, 
and the battle was ended. 

Three rousing cheers went up from the fort. The 
" Winona" and "Kineo" hove in sight. " The smoke clear 
ing away " says Commander Wolsey, " discovered the 
American flag flying over the fort." The men of the 
gunboats gave three cheers and came to anchor. Col 
onel Richard B. Irwin says: " The same sun rose upon 
a ghastly sight upon green slopes grey with the dead, 
the dying and the maimed, and the black ditch red with 
their blood. 

The stay of the brigade at Donaldsonville was exceed 
ingly brief. Dudley was on his way to Brashear City. So 
at seven the next morning the Cavalry resumed its march- 
Now they were going over familiar ground. Through 
Labadorville and Thibodeauxville, to Terrabonne, the bri 
gade moved forward making 20 or 25 miles per day, 
until on the gth day of March, at about noon, the men 
arrived at Brashear City, after having passed through 
Tigerville and Bayou Boeuf. 

The next thing was to cross the bay. This was a more 
difficult move for the cavalry than for infantry to make. 
The discomforts of the men were greatly augmented by a 



136 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

heavy rain storm which came on that day, It rained in 
torrents. It seemed as if the fountains of the great deep 
had been broken up. Only one steamer could be used as 
a ferryboat, and some delay was occasioned in getting 
the brigade across. Finally the last man and horse was 
safely landed on the other shore, and at seven o clock on 
the morning of the loth the brigade started toward Frank, 
lin. Centreville was the first place reached, where the 
men camped for the night. While in the vicinity of 
Franklin the brigade was inspected and reviewed by 
General Dudley, and by Captain Hodges of his staff. 

On the evening of the isth, General Lee s division of 
Cavalry began its march from Franklin to Alexandria. 
The Third Cavalry started about 8, P.M., and was ordered 
to cover the rear. New Iberia was reached in due time, 
and memories of a year ago were awakened in the minds 
of the men. Some of them thought of the Salt Works, 
which they had destroyed ; others of the transports and 
commissary stores, Dick Taylor had destroyed. 

The next day Dudley s Brigade led the advance. Pass 
ing through St. Martinsville, the men arrived at Opelou- 
sas about sunset, on the i6th day of March. Only one 
night did the cavalry remain at Opelousas. The next 
morning saw them pressing on toward Alexandria. 
Through Little Washington, and over the prairies of "Fair 
Opelousas" the brigade travelled, making twenty-five or 
thirty miles per day. At 9 o clock on the morning of 
March 2oth, Dudley s Brigade, being in the advance, the 
Third Cavalry entered Alexandria for the first time. 

Passing through its main street the men went into 
camp just outside the city, on the road leading to Shreve- 
port. When the regiment arrived at Alexandria, other 
forces were found prepared to co-operate in the contem 
plated movement against Shreveport. A. J. Smith had 
already arrived with 7,500 men. General Emory, with a 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 137 

division of the Nineteenth Corps arrived on the 25th* 
General Ransom on the 26th. General Banks came to 
Alexandria on the 24th, and took command of the com 
bined forces of Franklin and A. J. Smith. 

In the river was a strong fleet of ironclad gunboats com 
manded by Admiral Porter. Fifteen ironclads and four 
other vessels made up his fleet. Porter and Smith had 
already captured Fort De Russy at the mouth of the 
Red River, and were now eager to go up with Banks 
and capture the city of Shreveport. There was a feeling 
abroad that the taking of Shreveport would not be a diffi 
cult task. It was thought by many that Dick Taylor s 
army was demoralized and would not fight. General 
Steele had this idea. On March i2th he sent a dispatch 
to Halleck in which he expressed the opinion that 
Bank s army, together with Porter s gunboats, were "more 
than equal for anything that Kirby Smith could bring 
against them." And so they should have been. Dud 
ley s Brigade had now marched 175 miles since leaving 
Brashear City. The Third Cavalry had shown what 
kind of mettle was in the men who rode their horses. 
They were now called upon to test their endurance in 
a midnight expedition. 

Out from Alexandria, about 25 miles, was a place 
called Henderson s Hill. Vincent was in command. 
On this hill the enemy had erected fortifications. It was 
to Taylor an important point, since it guarded the 
junction of Bayou Rapide and Cotile. General A. J. 
Smith determined to capture this place if possible. In 
this movement, which proved highly successful, the 
Third Cavalry was to have an important part. 

On the 2 ist of March, 64, the regiment was ordered to ac 
company General Mower on an expedition to Henderson s 
Hill. Mower had with him two divisions of the Sixteenth 
Corps, the Third Cavalry, and Artillery. He disposed 



138 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 



of his troops with great skill and promptness, and suc 
ceeded in completely surrounding the Confederate 
stronghold. The movement was made under the cover 
of night, in the midst of a terrible storm of rain and hail. 
Major Magee was ordered by General Mower to take 
three companies of the Third Massachusetts Cavalry, and 
lead a flanking movement to the left and right of the 




MUD MARCH AT HENDERSON S HILL. 



enemy s position ; Colonel Sargent was ordered to pass 
to the right with the remainder of the regiment ; to 
hold a bridge, and to cut off the enemy s retreat in that 
direction. 

These orders were obeyed to the letter. To the left 
was a thick swamp. The mud was something fearful. 
In some places it was up to the horses girths. Noth 
ing daunted, the men pressed on. The enemy s counter- 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 139 

sign was discovered. Past their pickets the troopers 
went, capturing many of them without difficulty. Some 
of them were taken as they came in to warm them 
selves at the camp-fires of the Third. 

The enemy was now surrounded. Mower had hemmed 
him in on every side. Escape was impossible. The rest 
of his picket-line was captured. Then came the order to 
advance. 

At midnight the charge was made. Up the hill went 
the Union troops with a hearty cheer. There was a 
sharp rattle of musketry, and the hill was taken. The 
garrison was completely surprised. Some of them were 
taken while asleep. A whole regiment was captured 
bodily.* About 300 prisoners were taken, four pieces of 
artillery, and 200 horses. 

Mower returned to Alexandria, leaving Colonel 
Sargent in command of the captured hill. The next 
day the artillery and other captured property was col 
lected and taken to the rear. 

This affair at Henderson s Hill reflected great credit 
upon all concerned in the movement ; and no regiment 
was more conspicuously engaged in the work of capturing 
this Confederate stronghold than was the Third Massa 
chusetts Cavalry. 

The capture of Henderson s Hill was a severe blow to 
Dick Taylor and his army. He had depended upon the 
cavalry at this place to skirmish with Lee s force, 
and to keep him informed as to his movements. Now 
they were prisoners within the Union lines. It did 
look as if Banks advance from Alexandria toward Shreve- 
port would meet with but feeble resistance, and that the 
prophecy made by General Steele, that Kirby Smith 
would " run away," would prove true. Admiral Porter 
had a supreme contempt for the fighting qualities of the 
Confederate army. Writing from Alexandria, on the 

* The Second Louisiana Cavalry. 



I4O THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

i6th, he says :" Colonel De Russy, from appearances, is a 
most excellent engineer to build forts, but doesn t seem 
to know what to do with them after they are constructed. 
. . . His obstructions also do not stop our advance. . . 
The efforts of these people to keep up the war, re 
mind me of the antics of Chinamen, who build canvas 
forts, paint hideous dragons on their shields ; turn som 
ersaults, and yell in the face of their enemies to frighten 
them, and run away at the first sight of an engage 
ment" 

Porter was spoiling for a fight. He was evidently 
afraid his fleet would spoil because they could not have 
one. " It puts - the sailors and soldiers out of all 
patience with them" he adds, "after the trouble they have 
had in getting here. . . . Now and then we have a little 
brush with their pickets. It is not the intention of 
these rebels to fight." When, a little later, General 
Green s Command charged upon his gunboats, Porter 
must have changed his mind somewhat. 

Banks was much pleased at the affair at Henderson s 
Hill. The army had now rested. Everything was in 
readiness for a forward movement. 

On the 26th of March, General Banks ordered a grand 
advance of the whole army from Alexandria toward 
Shreveport. Dudley s Brigade started at eight o clock 
in the morning, marching past Henderson s Hill until 
four in the afternoon, when the Third Cavalry arrived 
at the Pine Woods, and where the men went into camp. 

On the next morning the sound of the bugle was 
heard very early, and at six o clock the regiment started 
out for another day s march. That night the brigade 
camped near the Red River, at a place called Death s 
Hill. Here the regiment rested one day. An in- 
pection and dress-parade occurred during the stay of 
the men at Death s Hill. On the 2Qth the Cavalry 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 14! 

pressed on until they reached Cane River, about twelve 
miles beyond Death s Hill. 

At Cane River the troops were delayed, as the bridge 
over the river had been destroyed by the retreating enemy. 
Four hundred men were detailed from the brigade to 
build the bridge, and the work went forward in earnest. 
In two days the bridge was built, and the artillery 
crossed in safety, the infantry crossing on pontoons. 

While the bridge was building, one hundred men from 
the regiment were sent on a reconnoissance. On the 
3Oth of March, the Cavalry again started across the 
country toward Natchitoches. Before the day was over 
the men met and drove in the enemy s pickets. Skir 
mishes followed, in which the enemy lost one man killed, 
and three wounded. It was evident that the Confed 
erates were not prepared to make a stand quite yet. 
The Third Cavalry gave chase, but the Confederates 
were fleet of foot, and, after crossing and burning two 
pontoon bridges at Monett s Ferry, they retreated toward 
Natchitoches. 

That night the men of the Third Cavalry worked hard 
to build a bridge across the stream, in order that the 
army might move an Natchitoches, the next day. While 
some of the men were building the bridge, others were 
picketing the roads. At daylight, on the 3ist, the enemy 
appeared, and made an attack on the Third Cavalry. 
The Confederates were easily repulsed, however, with 
a loss to the regiment of one lieutenant and twelve 
men. The enemy s loss was greater. Several Confeder 
ates were killed and quite a number captured. The 
Third Cavalry entered Natchitoches on the 3ist of March. 
They had come a long distance. From Brashear City 
to Alexandria was 175 miles. From Brashear City to 
Shreveport was 344 miles. From Alexandria to Shreve. 
port was 170 miles. A brief stay at Natchitoches was 



142 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 



most agreeable to the men, as it gave them a little 
much-needed rest. 

The Cavalry now occupied Natchitoches. The city 
was at our feet. A paper was published by the men, just 
as at Opelousas a year before. Yankee enterprise was 
illustrated, and Northern valor recorded. 

The army came up in 
due time. All had gone 
well thus far. High 
hopes were entertained 
by all, and no one 
dreamed of aught but 
success and victory. 

On the 6th of April, 
General Banks resumed 
his march from Natchi 
toches toward Shreve- 
port. The road here 
winds off from near the 
river bank, and traver 
ses a barren wilderness. 
There is no good resting 
place for man or beast 
between Natchitoches 
and Shreveport. The 
enemy knew this, and 
planned to trap the 
Northern army in this 
" howling wilderness." 
Lee s Cavalry led. Shots were occasionally exchanged 
with the retiring Confederates, whose tactics seemed to 
be to " fire and fall back." The Third Cavalry was now 
detached from the brigade and sent back to the left and 
rear, to watch the enemy on the Fort Jessup and Mans 
field roads. It was a dark and stormy night. The men 




EJ BIVEK EEQION. 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 143 

could hardly see their horses heads. Yet in the midst 
of the darkness and tempest they performed the service 
with great satisfaction to the Commander, and returned 
to the brigade without the loss of a single man. 

During the evening of the 3rd, General Dudley or 
dered Colonel Sargent to march to Welch s Hill, and 
guard a bridge over a stream in that vicinity. The enemy 
was met and driven off. The men of the Third held the 
bridge until the morning of the yth, when the rest of 
Lee s Cavalry come up, and all advanced on Pleasant 
Hill. 

Dick Taylor had been at Pleasant Hill several days. 
Having now consumed the forage for about twenty miles 
around that place, he had withdrawn his infantry to 
Mansfield. Green s Cavalry had now at length arrived 
from Texas, and these Taylor threw forward to meet 
Lee s Cavalry at Pleasant Hill. 

When the Third Cavalry reached Pleasant Hill, on 
the yth of April, Green s men confronted them. Firing 
began. The Confederates seemed quite anxious for a 
brush. Three miles beyond Pleasant Hill the cavalry en 
countered the enemy in force. At two o clock, at a place 
called "Wilson s Farm," Green made a stand. He ap 
peared at the edge of a thick wood. Lee ordered his 
men to commence firing. It was a brisk skirmish that 
followed. Some of the cavalry dismounted and engaged 
the enemy on foot. Green fought so stubbornly that 
reinforcements were sent for, in order to repel the fiery 
attack of the Confederates. Two brigades of Lee s Cav 
alry charged together on foot, driving the enemy from 
their position, capturing 23 prisoners, and suffering a loss 
of ii killed, 42 wounded, and 9 missing. 

On the morning of the 8th of April, soon after sunrise, 
Lee s Cavalry began to move. The Third Cavalry was 
ordered to the front. At seven o clock, the men were in 



144 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

the saddle After marching two miles, the regiment 
overtook the enemy. Serious work was now at hand. 
Colonel Sargent formed his men on the left side of the 
Mansfield Road. The town was about ten miles beyond. 
For four miles the cavalry drove the enemy as the brigade 
advanced through the woods. In one place, the regiment 
came upon a lot of corn-cake and bacon spread out upon 
the logs and stumps of the woods. The Confederates, 
evidently, had been disturbed, while at breakfast, by the 
men of the Third, and had hastily retired, leaving their 
frugal meal behind them, uneaten. The Cavalry pressed 
through the woods, into the clearing beyond. They 
moved toward Mansfield Hill. Here the enemy made 
a stand. He preferred to fall back no longer. 

Dick Taylor was now at bay. Would he fight or run ? 
General Franklin had said that morning, " There will be 
no battle." Banks was confident he could take Shreve- 
port ; Taylor was confident that he would have trouble in 
doing so. 




CAPT. BRADLEY DEAN. 



CHAPTER X. 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN CONTINUED. 



The Battle of Sabine Cross Roads The Third Cavalry in the Advance Coolness 
of Colonel Sargent The Enemy Advances Ransom s Heroic Fight Nim s 
Battery in Danger The Cavalry Falls Back Captain Twitchell s Horse 
Wounded The Regiment Falls Back Retreat to Pleasant Hill Regi 
mental Losses Emory the Deliverer What General Banks said Battle 
of Pleasant Hill Retreat to Grand Ecore. 



" IT is the unexpected that happens. " A great and 
unexpected event was soon to startle the nation. The 
battle of Sabine Cross Roads was now at hand. It was 
fought on the 8th of April, 1864. In it Banks hopes 
were crushed, and the star of his military ascendancy de 
clined. In this decisive engagement the Third Cavalry 
was to have a most important part. No sooner did 
General Lee discover the enemy in force, than he or 
dered Colonel Sargent to move forward with the Third 
Cavalry, charge the skirmish line, and, if possible, make 
prisoners of them. 

At 2.15 P.M. the charge was made. The men of the 
Third pressed forward over the open field, and into the 
woods beyond. They charged until they came in sight 
of the main body of the enemy, massed in solid columns. 
An army of 15,000 strong was uncovered before them. 
So far in the advance did the Third Cavalry charge, that 
the men could see Dick Taylor s battle-flag not more 
than a thousand yards away. This was a dangerous 




146 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

position for Colonel Sargent s command. With charac 
teristic coolness and courage the gallant Commander of 
the Third gave the memorable order, 
never to be forgotten by those who 
heard it, by which the command was 
saved from capture. The regiment, 
executing the commands of the 
Colonel at the gallop, escaped from 
its perilous position, just as a flank 
movement was being executed by the 
enemy. It was doubtless due to 
Colonel Sargent s promptness and 
intrepidity that the regiment was 
not captured bodily by Dick Taylor s men. 

Colonel Sargent, however, had gained valuable infor 
mation, which he at once communicated to General 
Lee. He informed Lee that a strong force was posted 
on his immediate front, and that an attack might be ex 
pected at any moment. This information guided Lee 
in his future movements. 

Dick Taylor had been reinforced. Green s Cavalry 
Corps had arrived from Texas, and a large contingent of 
Price s army had come from Arkansas. Taylor now had 
at his command 16,000 fighting men. He could now 
give battle with some show of success. Banks had an 
army stronger than Taylor s, had it been present on the 
field. That army, however, was, unfortunately, stretched 
out along a narrow road, ten or fifteen miles. Twelve 
miles of wagons blocked up the roads and impeded the 
progress of the troops. In an enemy s country, along a 
narrow road, far from his base, and away from the gun 
boats, the Union army was a comparatively easy prey 
to Kirby Smith, who, with headquarters at Shreveport, 
was planning and hoping for just such an ending to the 
Red River Expedition. 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 147 

The battle now opened. Companies D and M de 
ployed as skirmishers. They were ordered to watch the 
enemy s movements, and report every fifteen minutes. 
They could see large bodies of troops massing- toward 
the right and left flanks of the Union army. This 
looked serious. A flank movement meant defeat and 
disaster. General Lee contemplated a charge by the 
whole division, but finally changed his mind. Ransom s 
division was on the right of the Mansfield Road ; and 
Nim s Massachusetts Battery was at the road occupying 
the centre of the line ot battle. About 
five o clock, P.M., Dick Taylor made 
a vigorous attack on the right of the 
Union line. Ransom s Infantry bore 
the brunt of this assault. The roar of 
the guns was something fearful. The 
Chicago Mercantile Battery was near 
at hand, and sent shot and shell into 
the ranks of the advancing foe. Nim s 
Battery at the road was also belching 
forth death and destruction to Mou- 
ton s men, who were advancing in 
its direction. General Ransom was severely wounded in 
the knee, and was borne from the field. At length the 
entire force of Dick Taylor s army advanced. Taylor 
ordered Mouton to charge with 10,000 men against Ran 
som s 5,000. Walker advanced up and on either side of 
the road against Nim s Battery. This movement flanked 
the Third Cavalry, who were supporting Nim s Battery 
as best they could. With carbines and revolvers the 
men of the Third discharged volley after volley, moment 
arily checking the enemy s advance. 

The thin battle line, however, could not long with 
stand that impetuous onset of Dick Taylor s men. The 
line wavered, then fell back slowly to a new position. 




148 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Nim s battery fought well. Its gunners were loth to 
leave its guns in the hands of the enemy. On many a 
battle-field they had given a good account of themselves. 
Now, overpowered and overwhelmed by numbers, with 
every horse shot, they were obliged to yield. 

Again and again had they poured double charges of 
grape and canister into the ranks of the enemy, mowing 
great swaths through its serried columns. General Lee 
seeing that the battery, if not removed, would soon be 
captured, ordered General Stone to have it taken from 
the field. 

The order came too late! The cannoneers lay thick 
about the guns. Dead and wounded Confederates lay 
in win-rows in front of them. Two of the guns were 
dragged off by hand, and Lieutenant Snow was killed 
while spiking a third. Four of the guns of this famous 
Battery fell into the hands of the enemy. 

The Third Cavalry was suffering heavily. Men were 
dropping here and there like autumnal leaves before an 
October gale. Captain Twitchell s horse was shot under 
him; 67 men were killed and wounded in 30 minutes; 
121 horses were lost in this fire of the enemy. Colonel 
Sargent bore himself as bravely as if on dress parade. 
Officers along the line held their men well in hand, 
while the fire from the carbines of the Third Cavalry did 
fearful execution in the ranks of Dick Taylor s men. 

Never before had the regiment been so sorely pressed, 
and never had they so heroically stood up in the face of 
such tremendous odds. General Dudley said of them: 
"You are entitled to the front rank. No cavalry com 
mand could possibly behave better under such a galling 
fire, ten times that of your own force. Sargent s was 
a brilliant movement, and called forth the commendation 
of Emory at the time." 

Finally the whole line of battle gave way. It could 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 149 

not stand before such a fiery storm. More artillery was 
abandoned. Six guns of the Mercantile Battery were 
captured. Two guns of the Fifth United States Artil 
lery were left on the field. Two mountain howitzers of 
the Sixth Missouri, five guns of the First Indiana Bat 
tery, beside the guns of Mini s Battery, were abandoned. 

During this time General Banks was at the front. He 
had arrived in time to see his front line of battle broken. 
Vainly he endeavored to rally the men. He took off his 
hat, and implored them to remain. His staff officers did 
the same. The enemy came on apace. 
Their yells grew louder and more 
fierce. Musket balls were whizzing 
through the air. Teams were aban 
doned. Orders were given for the 
Third Cavalry to "fall back." While 
moving to the rear, General Banks 
was met. 

" What regiment is that?" he 
cried. 

"The Third Massachusetts Cav- GEN - W - H - T. w ALKEa . 

lr a r>. A. 

airy," was the reply. 

" Form a line here. I know you will not desert me." 
The losses of the regiment had been heavy. Five 
times they had faced about and delivered a well directed 
fire into the ranks of the onsweeping enemy. With a 
force three times their number in the front ; with the 
enemy pressing them on flank and rear; with many 
horses down, Dudley s Brigade at length quit the field, 
and then only by orders. 

General Franklin now arrived upon the scene of action. 
Between four and five o clock, while Nim s Battery was 
doing such fearful execution, and the Third Cavalry was 
stubbornly and heroically resisting the enemy s advance, 
a volley from Walker s Confederate lines killed Franklin s 




I5O THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

horse, wounding him and two of his staff. All hope of 
relief from utter ruin now rested upon the arrival of the 
Nineteenth Corps. Twenty guns had been lost; 175 
wagons had been abandoned ; eleven ambulances and 
more than a thousand horses had been taken by the 
enemy. Men, wagons and horses were crowding to the 
rear. " Move your infantry immediately to the front ! " 
was the order Franklin sent to Emory. 

General Emory had from the first feared some such 
surprise as was now on. Hastening to the front he could 
hear the sound of the raging battle. The roar of the guns 
quickened his pulse and his march as he flew to the 
rescue of Ransom and Lee. On the way, to his surprise, 
he met General Ransom in an ambulance going to the 
rear. A few words were exchanged between the two, 
and then Emory gave the order to " Double Quick !" 
Now, stragglers and camp followers were encountered. 
Fugitives filled the road, crying: "The day is lost!" 
Emory s division was the flower of the Nineteenth Corps. 
Every man now felt that the destiny of the army and 
navy was in his hands. The regiments fixed bayonets, 
staff officers drew their swords, not a man fell out. This 
division was to be the rock against which Dick Taylor 
was to hurl his troops in vain. Emory was now about 
three miles from the battle-ground, where Lee had been 
repulsed and Ransom driven back. In a small clearing 
called Pleasant Grove, he arranged his troops and 
waited for the coming of the enemy. He did not have to 
wait long. Some of the Confederates had stopped to loot 
the wagon train, and this event gave Emory time to form 
his line of battle. Opening his ranks, in order that the 
fugitives might pass through, Emory ordered his men to 
"open fire." An awful scene followed. A storm of leaden 
hail swept on the Confederate army, hurling them back 
in dismay, leaving the ground covered with the bleeding 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. I5 1 

forms of the killed and wounded. In vain the Confederate 
commanders sought to rally their men; in vain they 
tried to press against the impregnable rock of the 
Nineteenth Corps. Each time they were repulsed, and 
each time were terribly punished for making the attempt. 
It was now dark, and both armies rested on the field. 
Emory had saved the day ! 

Thus ended the Battle of Sabine Cross Roads. It was 
begun in hope ; it ended in failure. 
The Cavalry now retired to Pleasant 
Hill, the Third Cavalry going into 
camp, late at night, not far from the 
centre of the town. 

Banks losses in the battle were 
as follows : 

Cavalry Division - - Killed, 39 ; 
wounded, 250; missing, 144; total, 
433. Cameron s Division Killed, 
24 ; wounded, 99 ; missing, 195; total, MAJ. GEN. MOUTON..C. s. A. 
318. Landram s Division Killed, 

28; wounded, 148; missing, 909; total, 1085. Emory s 
Division Killed, 24; wounded, 148; missing, 175; total, 
347. Banks total losses, therefore, were: Killed, 115; 
wounded, 648; missing, 1,423. Making a grand total of 
2,186. 

Dick Taylor s losses were about 1,000, all told. Among 
the killed was General Mouton, who had brought on the 
battle. He fell with a regimental color in his hand. 

The losses to the Third Cavalry were: 73, in killed, 
wounded and missing, and 137 horses. 

" The first Division of the Nineteenth Corps," says 
General Banks, " by its great bravery in this action, saved 
the Army and Navy." 

Emory was the hero of the hour. The Nineteenth 
Corps was NEVER DEFEATED. 




152 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Lieutenant Reed B. Granger who served on General 
Dudley s Staff during the Red River Campaign writes 
thus concerning the Battle of Sabine Cross roads: 

" In looking over letters written home by me during my 
term of service, 1861-1865, I came across one written at 
Grand Ecore, La., three days after the battle of Sabine 
Cross Roads. As the events of that 8th of April were 
then fresh in my mind, and the account given of the 
battle was not exaggerated, I will give you an outline 
sketch based upon that letter, in the hope that it may be 
of passing interest to you. 

"The long and wearisome march from Brashear, ren 
dered somewhat less monotonous by the several skir 
mishes and battles of more or less magnitude, in all of 
which the rebels were routed and driven onward, served 
only to stimulate our men and to inspire them with con 
fidence that the battle we knew was impending would be 
attended with the same happy result. So great was this 
confidence that a prisoner who, in my hearing, told one 
of our general officers that the force waiting to receive 
us outnumbered, and would certainly "lick" us, was 
laughed at and looked upon as trying to give us a scare. 
Better for us, as events proved, had we heeded his 
warning." 

Concerning the mornings of April 7th and 8th, Lieut. 
Granger says : "A march of eight miles, on the morning 
of April ;th, from White s store, where we had bivouacked 
over night, brought us to Pleasant Hill, our advance 
being then engaged with the enemy who, although re 
treating, was disputing every inch of ground. In this way 
the rebels fell back about twelve miles toward Mansfield, 
and near which, on the morning of the 8th, they made a 
stand and received heavy reinforcements. Up to this 
time our brigade, the 4th, had been held in reserve, our 
orders being to keep half a mile to the rear of the 





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CAPT. CHARLES E. GROVER. 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 153 

skirmish line were now ordered to the front, and took 
position on the brow of a hill skirted by woods, our sta 
tion being on the left flank of our army. The Sixth 
Maasachusetts Cavalry was sent to the extreme left, with 
the Third (my regiment) directly in its rear, as a sup 
port. The First New Hampshire was on the right and 
the Second Illinois was held as a reserve. On our ex 
treme right was Nim s Battery, supported by a section 
of a Missouri mountain howitzer battery, whose little 
guns spoke with no uncertain sound, and did such 
splendid execution in the battle which shortly followed. 
Twice did I see the effectiveness of these little pieces as 
they opened a gap in the centre of the rebel ranks, and 
brought to the ground, each time, a flag bearing a St. 
George s cross ; but, each time, the flag was again borne 
aloft and carried bravely onward. I could but admire 
the courage and bravery displayed by these standard- 
bearers." 

Referring to his own part in this engagement, Lieut 
enant Granger continues: 

" Everything being arranged according to instructions, 
we waited the coming of the storm ; the very quiet along 
our lines suggesting the calm that precedes the storm. 
Feeling quite worn out from a prolonged seat in the 
saddle, I dismounted and was soon in a sound sleep on 
the ground. General Dudley, upon whose staff I was 
acting aide-de-camp, aroused me and instructed me to 
go to the front and note, if possible, what was trans 
piring. Riding out as far as it seemed prudent to go, to 
my utter consternation, I saw a large body of rebel in 
fantry moving at the double-quick toward the right of 
our line ; a body of cavalry moving toward the left, and 
the main force massing at our centre. A single glance 
told me the significance of these manoeuvres and in hot 
haste, I rode back to report to the General, who at once 
L 



154 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

sent me to inform our chief of cavalry, General A. L. Lee. 
I shall never forget General Lee s look and words when 
I imparted this information to him : For God s sake, 
tell Banks, said he. 

"At full gallop, I rode to General Banks headquarters, 
and reported to him what I had seen ; but with the con 
fidence that seemed to take possession of our entire 
army, he was not in the least disturbed, nor did he, so far 
as I know, issue any order for us to fall back. It was, 
in fact, then too late ; for returning to my station, I had 
hardly reached the point at which, in the rear of Nim s 
Battery, General Lee was sitting on his horse, when the 
battle commenced. At this instant the right piece of 
the battery was fired. I had not observed the prepara 
tions to fire, so intent was I on executing my mission, 
and to say that the report startled me, is putting it very 
mildly; in fact, I was, for the instant, badly scared, for I 
thought that a shell had exploded under my horse, and 
that I was about to simulate one of the cherubs whose 
station is up aloft. A glance toward the woods in 
our front, however, brought me again to the earth, and 
explained the cause of the opening fire. The rebels were 
literally swarming out of these woods. Then the battle 
began in real earnest : shell, canister, shrapnel and lead 
were poured into the enemy s ranks, breaking them 
again and again, but only for the instant ; for they would 
rally and press on, firing steadily, and defying us with 
that rebel yell whose echo rang in our ears for so 
many days and disturbed our slumbers for so many 
nights." 

Much has been written concerning the stampede at 
Sabine Cross Roads. The Lieutenant s testimony on this 
point is interesting and valuable : 

The infantry that had been placed as a support to the 
batteries, fought manfully, but being outnumbered, broke 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 155 

and ran, leaving the batteries to be captured and turned 
upon them as they fled. Our wagon train was well to 
the front in a road so narrow that an army wagon could 
not be turned. At the first volley the teamsters became 
demoralized, tried in vain to turn their teams, and failing, 
cut loose their mules and left the road blocked so that 
our artillery could not be got off the field. 

"The 4th Brigade was the last to leave the field. 
Obliged to retire, it did so in good order, having formed 
four successive lines of battle in the field, which lay 
between the hill and the woods in its rear. Having 
reached the woods we again made a stand, and * held the 
fort for two hours, until relieved by the main body of the 
Nineteenth Corps, which coming up at the double quick, 
opened fire at an opportune moment ; for the infantry be 
coming demoralized in consequence of a heavy fire from 
both flanks had just broken and run, and the cavalry was 
just beginning to lose its head. 

In regard to the disposition of Dudley s Brigade, he 
adds : " During a portion of the battle, and after we had 
fallen back to the woods, the Second Illinois Cavalry and 
the First New Hampshire were sent out to the right, and 
were formed in echelon, just outside the woods that 
skirted the road. In this position they were subjected to 
a galling fire from Quantrell s Brigade, and were forced 
to retire ; not, however, before they had been moved still 
further to the right and rear, in the vain hope of check" 
ing the flank movement which Quantrell was striving to 
execute. I know how trying was the position, for I was 
sent out to move the two regiments." 

An incident of the battle of Sabine Cross Roads, La., 
deserves a place in these pages. On the afternoon of 
April 8, 1864, when the men were being hard pressed, and 
gradually driven back by the enemy, Gen. N. A. M 
Dudley, our brigade commander, rode up to Col. Sargent 



156 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

and said : " Col. Sargent, can you hold your ground fifteen 
minutes longer? We are expecting reinforcements every 
minute." Col. Sargent bravely replied, " We will, General, 
or die on the spot ;" whereupon the boys of Co. K and all 
within hearing of our brave Colonel s reply cheered him 
to the echo. About this time Col. Sargent was riding 
back and forth, encouraging the men, and they heard him 
make this remark: " Try to think that you are dead and 
buried, and you will have no fear." Soon a shell came 
through our ranks, wounding Comrade John F. Wild, of 
Braintree, Mass. He yelled out to Lieut. Stone, who 
was in command, " Lieutenant, I am shot ! " Lieut. Stone 
ordered him to rein his horse to the rear, and seeing the 
condition of the comrade, ordered Comrade John Halpen, 
an intimate friend of Comrade Wild, to lead his horse to 
the rear and care for him as best he could. As he reined 
his horse out to the rear, we could see the blood stream 
ing to the ground from his right leg, which hung dangling 
by only the skin on the inside. When Comrade Halpen 
returned he reported that Comrade Wild was dead. He 
had helped him off his horse, but he was then so weak 
through the loss of blood that he could scarcely stand 
alone or speak. He did say: " Take care of my horse," 
the only words he spoke. John s horse was a great favor 
ite of his, and his friends were not surprised to learn that 
those were his dying words. When Halpen helped him 
to dismount the saddle came off. It seems that the shell 
went so close to his horse as to tear the girth of his sad 
dle. His feed bag was torn to shreds; but, wonderful as it 
would seem, his horse escaped uninjured. Comrade Hal- 
pen seated Comrade Wild on the ground, leaning him 
against a tree, and in a few moments he was dead. Hal- 
pen was obliged to leave him to return to his company. 
There was no opportunity to bury him. He was proba 
bly buried by the enemy, who had possession of the 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN.- 157 

ground shortly after. Several years ago an item in a 
newspaper stated that a certain Union soldier had held 
in his possession several years, a ring which was taken 
from the finger of a dead Union soldier, by the name of 
John F. Wild, by a Confederate soldier at the battle of 
Sabine Cross Roads, This Confederate soldier was after 
ward taken prisoner, and gave the ring to the Union 
soldier, with the request that it be sent to the relatives. 
It was said that his initials or name were engraved on the 
ring, which enabled the comrade to learn, after many 
years, of the whereabouts of his relatives. As soon as he 
succeeded in gaining this information he sent the ring to 
them. They now reside at South Braintree, Mass. 

After the Battle of Sabine Cross Roads, Banks held a 
council of war. What should be clone ? Was it best to 
advance, or retreat? Had Grant been present, it can 
easily be imagined that he would have said what he did 
say at the close of the first day s Battle of Shiloh. 
The lines were re-formed ; they attacked at daybreak ; 
they swept upon the enemy like an avalanche, and drove 
him in confusion from the field ; and when the sun went 
down at the close of the second day at Shiloh, the Union 
army slept as victors upon the field from which they had 
been driven in confusion the day before. Had Banks re 
formed his lines at Pleasant Grove, or just beyond, and 
attacked the enemy "at daybreak," he could have 
marched straight through to Shreveport in three days 
with but little opposition. What he would have done 
with the army and navy after he had taken Shreveport, 
is another and graver question altogether. 

It was decided at the council of war to retire to Pleas 
ant Hill, and then prepare to give battle to the Confeder 
ates should they put in an appearance. The ground at 
Pleasant Grove was unfavorable for a general engage 
ment. Pleasant Hill was not far away. Here would be 



158 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

found a little water at least, an open field and a better 
place to give battle to the enemy, should he advance. 
Moreover, at Pleasant Hill was A. J. Smith s Sixteenth 
Corps of fresh troops. The withdrawal was conducted 
quietly by night, and the next morning Banks posted his 
troops in an advantageous position along the slopes and 
in the woods of Pleasant Hill. The writer distinctly re 
members the appearance of General Banks, as on the 
morning of the gth of April he made disposition of the 
forces at his command. On his face there was a serious 
look. Sabine Cross Roads had made a deep impression 
on his mind, and, as he moved about among the various 
commands, giving orders to officers, locating batteries, and 
preparing the plan of the coming battle, 
it was easy to imagine that his mind was 
filled with anxious care. Banks was 
brave and patriotic. On him rested a 
tremendous responsibility. A great cri 
sis was nearing. The impending con 
flict would decide the destiny of the 
army and navy at his command. GENKRAL HANKS. 

On the morning of April gth while Banks was placing 
his troops in favorable positions, the wagon train was 
started for Grand Ecore. Lee s Cavalry, with the ex 
ception of Lucas Brigade, was ordered to guard this 
train, and the Third Regiment took up its position by 
the side of the lumbering wagons. Not long after Banks 
had arranged his army on the hills and in the woods, the 
enemy appeared in force and commenced an attack on 
the cavalry at the front. 

As the men of the Third Cavalry marched along to 
ward Grand Ecore they could hear the guns as the firing 
commenced at Pleasant Hill. At 4.30 in the afternoon 
the Confederate cavalry advanced into the open field in 
front of the men of the Nineteenth Corps. On they 




THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 159 

came, at a trot, brandishing 1 their sabres and yelling in a 
most fiendish manner. From out the woods belched the 
enemy s artillery, while Green s Cavalry rode forward 
toward the Union lines. 

Suddenly from out the lines of the Nineteenth Corps 
there came a withering fire of musketry that opened 
great gaps in the lines of the advancing enemy. For a 
moment only, the enemy wavered, and then rushed for 
ward. The line of the Nineteenth Corps shook and 
trembled before the onset, just as forest trees shake and 
tremble before a passing cyclone. 

The suspense was fearful. Will Emory s men give 
way? It is a critical moment. Will the rock split? 
Another moment, and the Union artillery open fire. 
Grape and canister is poured into the Confederate ranks. 
They fall like ripened wheat before the reaper s sickle. 
The fighting is terrific. Old soldiers said it was the 
most desperate fighting they had ever seen. 

A momentary advantage to the enemy gave them pos 
session of Taylor s battery. Thus encouraged, they 
rushed on eagerly, expecting a repe 
tition of the Sabine Cross Roads 
victory. Then came a turn in the 
tide of affairs. The first line of 
the enemy had been annihilated. The 
second and third remained, and came 
on with an impetuosity that was well 
nigh irresistible. 

Now the signal is given. Their 
death-knell is sounded. Seven thou- 

GEN. A. J. SMITH. 

sand rifles and several batteries of 
artillery of A. J. Smith s Sixteenth Corps opened fire. The 
effect was awful. Every gun was loaded to the muzzle 
with grape and canister. The centre of the Confeder 
ate line was swept away like pampas grass before a 




l6O THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

prairie fire. It has been said that fully one thousand 
men were hurled into eternity or frightfully wounded 
by that awful discharge. " Forward ! " was the order 
that rang along the Union line. "Charge! " cried Gen 
eral Mower; and seven thousand Union soldiers rushed 
upon the shattered ranks of the Confederate army. 
Emory s Division joined the Sixteenth Corps in the 
sweeping triumph. 

Down the hill ran the enemy, and into the woods be 
yond. His ranks were broken ; his pennons trailed in 
the dust. Dismay had taken the place of confidence ; 
defeat had followed victory, and the army of Dick 
Taylor was routed, and fled in confusion through the 
woods toward the town of Mansfield. 

Thus ended the bloody battle of Pleasant Hill. It 
was a great triumph for the Union arms ! 

If General Dick Taylor was severely punished by 
Emory at Pleasant Grove, he was more severely pun 
ished by General Banks at Pleasant Hill. Taylor s 
Battery was recaptured Two guns of Nim s Battery 
were recovered. A ten-pound Parrott gun was also re 
taken, and 500 prisoners, three battle standards, and a 
large number of small arms fell into the hands of Gen 
eral Banks and his army. 

If General Banks could have marched to Shreveport 
easily after the battle at Pleasant Grove, he could have 
done so much more easily after the Battle of Pleasant 
Hill. Taylor s army was now cut up and demoralized. 
They were in no condition to fight again. 

General Kirby Smith had arrived from Shreveport 
during the night before, and was present on the day of 
the battle of Pleasant Hill. Writing about it he said: 

Taylor s troops were thrown into confusion .... 
Walker s Brigade was broken and scattered . . . The 
enemy recovered cannon which we had captured . . . 




CAPT. WESLEY A. GOVE. 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. l6l 

Our troops were completely paralyzed at Pleasant Hill." 
This was in 1864. In 1888 he writes again : " Our re 
pulse at Pleasant Hill was so complete, and our com 
mand so disorganized that had Banks followed up his 
success vigorously, he would have met with but feeble 
opposition to his advance on Shreveport." 

This testimony of Kirby Smith corroborates what has 
been said in the pages of this work. Banks could have 
gone through to Shreveport had his generals so de 
cided. Banks himself wished to do this. Franklin ad 
vised a retreat to Grand Ecore. Kirby Smith says that 
Taylor s troops were completely " paralyzed and disor 
ganized " by the battle of Pleasant Hill. The most 
astonished man in Louisiana on April loth, was Dick 
Taylor when he learned of the retreat of the Union 
Army from Pleasant Hill. 

One of Kirby Smith s aides adds interesting testimony 
on this point : " That it was impossible for us (Confed 
erates) to pursue Banks immediately under four or 
five days cannot be gainsaid ... It was impossible 
because we had been beaten, demoralized, paralyzed, in 
the fight of the 9th" (Pleasant Hill). 

Had Banks and Franklin known how badly Taylor s 
men were " paralyzed " they might possibly have agreed 
with A. J. Smith, and moved forward instead of ordering 
a retrograde movement toward the banks of the Red 
River. 

Had Sheridan stood in Franklin s shoes, an advance 
had been ordered without doubt, and Shreveport had 
fallen. On the other hand, Banks was obliged to de 
cide by what light he had at that time. 

Battles can be fought much easier and much more 
safely after many years. There was but little water at 
Pleasant Hill for man or beast. Of forage there was 
none. Taylor had raked the region as with a fine tooth 



l62 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

comb. The men were hungry and tired. Many of 
them had been without food or sleep already too long. 
Lee s Cavalry wagon train had been lost; accordingly 
it was determined to continue the retreat to Grand 
Ecore. So, in the darkness of the night, unobserved by 
Taylor, and unmolested, the Union Army retired from 
the field it had won, leaving its dead unburied, and its 
wounded in the hands of the enemy. 

The surgeons had been very busy since the Battle of 
Sabine Cross Roads. They had worked like heroes in 
caring for the wounded and in getting them to a place of 
safety. Unfortunately the ambulances had been sent 
back from Pleasant Hill on the morning of the battle ; 
hence it was found quite impossible to remove our 
wounded from the field. A detail of surgeons was or 
dered from the various commands to remain behind, and 
as best they could, care for the wounded. On the 1 2th, the 
Third Massachusetts Cavalry sent back a flag of truce 
with Surgeon Leavitt and with medical supplies. Three 
army wagons, loaded with good things for the sick and 
wounded, went along with the regiment, and were safely 
delivered to the Confederate authorities within Taylor s 
lines. Assurances were given that these supplies would 
be used for the sole benefit of the sick and wounded of 
the Union army, a promise which, it was afterward 
learned, was faithfully kept. 



CHAPTER XL 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN CONTINUED. 



Guarding the Wagon Trains Scouting at Natchitoches Davis Succeeds Dudley 
Confederate Cavalry Charge on the Gunboats "Tom Green" 1< ses his Head 

A Dispatch from Grant Retreat from Grand Ecore Battle of Cane River 

The Enemy Beaten Crossing the River The Devouring Flames The 
Third at Muddy Bayou In Camp at Alexandria Crossing Red River A 
Fight with Quantrell The Writer Wounded. 

THE Third Cavalry left Pleasant Hill on the morning 
of the battle, April gth. At about 10 o clock it began its 
march toward Grand Ecore. Banks was anxious that the 
force guarding the wagon train should also guard the 
Fort Jessup and Mansfield roads. He feared the enemy 
might attempt a flank movement in this direction. The 
regiment arrived at Grand Ecore at 7 o clock on the 
morning of the loth, and went into camp. 

Here the army of General Banks remained until Por 
ter s gunboats could be brought down from the river above. 
On April iQth the regiment was sent out on a scout in 
the direction of Natchitoches. General Dudley was in 
command of the troops, which included the entire bri 
gade. Six hundred mounted Confederate infantry were 
met. A slight skirmish followed, in which one man was 
wounded in Co. L. Dudley succeeded in capturing three 
prisoners and returned to camp at Grand Ecore at 8 
o clock the same morning. On April 2Oth, General Dud 
ley was succeeded in command of the 4th Brigade by 



164 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Col. E. J. Davis of the ist Texas Cavalry. General Ar 
nold was in Lee s place as commander of the Cavalry Di 
vision. 

Banks was now ready to leave Grand Ecore. The army 
had been at this place ten days. On the 2ist of April it. 
began its march towards Alexandria. The Third Cavalry 
left camp at 6 o clock in the evening, and at about 8 
passed through Natchitoches. The regiment marched 
all night, and at daylight halted about two hours for 
breakfast. 

The Confederates were now in our front and rear. 
They had been all about Grand Ecore for several days. 
Green s Cavalry had even dared to 
make an attack on Porter s fleet. 
Porter had responded, and Green 
had been killed as a result of his te 
merity. Cavalry was never intended 
to fight gunboats. Porter says that 
Green s men were crazed with rum, 
which was probably true. 

After General Banks arrival at 
GSN. TOM GREEN, c. s. A.. Grand Ecore, the following dispatch 

came into his hands : 

"Should you find that the taking of Shreveport will 
occupy ten or fifteen days more time than General Sher 
man gave his troops to be absent from their command, 
you will send them back at the time specified (forty 
days) even if it should lead to the abandonment of the 

expedition. 

(Signed) U. S. GRANT." 

Banks has been blamed for retreating. Here were 
positive orders which he could not ignore. The enemy s 
pickets were met occasionally as the regiment passed 
along, but having learned something from their experi 
ences at Pleasant Grove and Pleasant Hill, they seemed 




THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 



to acton the principle that discretion was the better part 
of valor, and kept out of the way of the carbines of the 
Third Cavalrv. 

No serious opposition was encountered until the 
Cavalry neared Cane River. Here the Confederates 
made a stand, and disputed the passage of the troops 
across the stream. . Early in the morning of the 24th of 
April, the regiment was ordered to the front. Colonel 
Sargent was directed by Davis to engage the enemy at 
once. The Third moved forward into a piece of woods ? 
outflanking the Confederates and driving them across the 
river in a hurry. On the opposite side of Cane River 
the Confederates had posted artillery. Twenty-four guns 
had been placed in an advantageous position on the 
bluffs by General Bee. Col. Richard B. Irving says "the 
place was too strong and too difficult of approach to be 
taken by a direct attack, save at a great cost." 

General Emory was ordered by Banks to make an at 
tempt to cross. This was impossible. General Birge 
was then sent up stream to make a flank movement on 
the enemy s left and drive him from his position. Among 
the first troops to cross were the Thirty-eighth Massa 
chusetts. These, together with the Twelfth Connecticut 
and the Thirtieth Maine, with others, were to charge the 
enemy s position, led by the gallant Fezzenden of Maine. 
Many fell, as the brave New England soldiers rushed up 
the hill. Among the wounded was their intrepid leader 
(Fezzenden), who was wounded in the leg. In the mean 
time, the Third Cavalry was sent clown the river about 
three miles to guard against any flank movement in that 
direction, and, if possible, cross and attack the enemy 
on his flank. 

The regiment was sent through a swamp of cypress 
trees to the edge of an open field. Reaching a fa 
vorable position, Company E was deployed and acted 



166 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

as skirmishers. On the other side of the river, pro 
tected by buildings, they were making it rather uncom 
fortable for us. Finally, a puff of smoke was seen, and 
a bullet passed in front of the whole regiment. It went 
whistling along and struck the hilt of Private Edward 
E. Rice s sabre, splitting the bullet, a piece entering his 
thigh. This disabled him. An improvised stretcher 
was made out of two saplings and some bark stripped 
from the trees, and the men carried him out of the firing 
line, when the regiment was recalled. Rice died April 
20, 1897, of sarcoma tumor, the direct cause being the 
wound received that day. 

So well did the army do its work at Cane River that 
the enemy was dislodged and routed, and fled down the 
road, leaving many of their dead and wounded on the field, 
A pontoon bridge was now thrown across Cane River and 
the army crossed without further molestation. 

At five o clock on the morning of the 24th of April, the 
Third Cavalry crossed Cane River on its way to Alexan 
dria. By two o clock that day, the whole army was 
across and the pontoons were taken up. The regiment 
this day was in the advance, while four companies were 
detailed to guard a plantation owned by a prominent 
Southerner. At this time the country was in flames. 
Smith s men made a clean sweep. Buildings were burn 
ing on every hand. Dense clouds of smoke could be seen 
by the rear guard as they fell back. This was, indeed, 
"war s foul desolation." From Cane River to Alexandria 
the country was in ruins. It was a picture, whose equal 
the men had never seen before. Hence the guard for the 
plantation was respectfully requested. 

At this plantation the property of Judge Boyce 
Banks and his staff stopped for the night. On the morn 
ing of the 25th, the army was again set in motion toward 
Alexandria. The Third Cavalry was ordered to remain 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 167 

until the army had passed, and assist in covering the re 
treat. Posted in an advantageous position near Hender 
son s Hill, they were toco-operate with A. J. Smith. On 
the 26th the enemy, neared our rearguard and skirmish 
ing commenced. It was six o clock in the morning when 
the firing began. The cavalry stood up well and fell back 
slowly, as they had been directed. The Sixteenth Corps 
were in the woods, out of sight of the approaching Con 
federates. It was A. J. Smith s intention to entrap the 
enemy by a rapid flank movement. In this Smith failed, 
as the enemy had evidently learned to be wary of 
Northern rifles. As one man said, " he saw the point 
and kept off of it." He had no intention of "monkey 
ing with a live wire." 

The last service performed by the Third Massachu 
setts Cavalry before it entered Alexandria, was at a place 
called " Muddy Bayou." Here the regiment made a 
stand, and for five hours contested the advance of the 
Confederate cavalry. 

The regiment was now about seven miles out from 
the city. Early in the morning of the 27th, Colonel 
Sargent was ordered by Colonel Davis to keep a sharp 
lookout for the enemy, as he had information which led 
him to believe that a strong force was in our immediate 
front. Colonel Davis was right. Five thousand Confed 
erate cavalrymen were bearing down upon the picket- 
line. 

About midnight, Colonel Sargent drew back his line 
about two miles, in order to escape a flank movement 
contemplated by the enemy. Now the regiment was 
near Muddy Bayou. 

Early the next morning fighting began. The enemy 
drew nearer. The men were posted behind a rail fence, 
near the stream, which protected them somewhat from the 
enemy s bullets. Said bullets were now flying through 



168 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

the air in close proximity to their heads. Colonel Sar 
gent s headquarters were near an old brick-kiln, and 
from this advantageous position he directed the move 
ments of the regiment. The men of the Third took good 
aim, and sent a well-directed fire into the ranks of the 
on-coming Confederates. At length the report came to 
the Colonel that the men s ammunition was exhausted. 
Buglers Rymill and Ewer, who were near the Colonel, 
were ordered by Sargent to carry down to the fir 
ing line an additional supply. It was a hazardous 
undertaking. As they passed across the open field they 
exposed themselves to the fire of the enemy s sharpshoot 
ers, who lost no time in showing these young enthusiasts 
how well they could shoot. When once the buglers 
reached the line, they did not return. The attempt might 
have cost them their lives. 

The enemy now advanced. Suddenly he opened upon 
the Third Cavalry with artillery. The noise of the shriek 
ing shells, as they passed over the heads of the men, was 
not very enchanting music. Colonel Sargent sent back 
for reinforcements ; Colonel Davis hurried forward a few 
pieces of artillery. The duel between the cannons was 
kept up for an hour or two, when the regiment was or 
dered to fall back. At 2 30 in the afternoon, the enemy 
brought up more artillery, and it looked for a while as if 
a battle was imminent. 

At about this time Colonel Sargent was struck in the 
right shoulder by a spent ball, which, luckily for him and 
the regiment, did him but little harm. On the 29th, 
Colonel Davis ordered the regiment to retire from the 
scene of action ; and, being relieved by the 8th New 
Hampshire, marched to Alexandria and went into camp 
in the eastern suburb of the city. 

The men were weary. They had been under arms all 
night. Nearly twenty-four hours of watching and fighting. 




LIEUT. P, S. CURRY. 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 169 

Twice they had exhausted their ammunition, and had 
been able to put up a pretty stiff fight with the Confeder 
ates. They were, therefore, glad of an opportunity to lie 
down on the ground and enjoy a good night s rest. When 
the regiment fell back from the firing line, the country 
was in flames. Burning buildings could be seen as far 
as the eye could reach. Somebody had applied the torch 
to everything. It was an awful picture. Great clouds of 
smoke rolled up against the northern sky. The crackling 
of the flames, the falling timbers, the burning embers 
mingled with the roar of guns and the report of rifles, 
made up a picture that was impressive in the extreme. 
The memory of that hour stirs the imagination after 
many years. One of the distinguishing characteristics of 
the Red River Campaign was the tremendous wreckage 
of life and property involved. This began at Sabine 
Cross Roads, and ceased not until the army had reached 
the banks of the Mississippi. 

The promised rest of the Third in the suburbs of Alex 
andria was not of long duration. " Alabama ! " (here we 
will rest), thought some, as they lay down fora refreshing 
slumber; but, " Up and at it! " was the order that came 
with the coming of the morning light. The enemy s ac 
tivity made it impossible for any part of the cavalry to be 
inactive. The Confederates were on all sides of the city. 
Above, they were harrassing the gunboats; below, they 
were firing into the transports. Sleepless nights came to 
the army at this time. Porter had had a rough experi 
ence in getting down to Alexandria. Once and again 
had he been attacked by the Confederates, who seemed to 
entertain the happy thought that the fleet might never 
live to reach the mouth of the Red River. 

" Tom " Green had charged upon the gunboats with 
cavalry, and had been killed in the attempt. 

One old Soldier said that Green "lost his head three 
M 



I7O THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

times during the Red River Campaign ; viz. : Once 
when he ran against Emory at Pleasant Grove ; once 
when he struck A. J. Smith at "Pleasant Hill; and 
once, literally, when he sailed into Porter s gunboats on 
the banks of the Red River." 

The Confederates had been much encouraged by the 
frequent grounding of Porter s gunboats, and by the ne 
cessity which came to him of destroying the "Eastport," 
one of the largest gunboats of his fleet. Porter, however, 
had punished the enemy severely for meddling with his 
affairs, and had succeeded in getting down to Alexan 
dria, when a new and startling difficulty confronted him. 
The water was so low that none of his boats could get 
below the falls ! 

And now came positive orders from General Grant, 
Commander of all the armies of the Union. On the 
2;th of April, General Hunter arrived at Alexandria, 
with special directions to bring the campaign to an im 
mediate ending. 

What shall be done with the fleet ? Shall the army 
move on, and leave it to the tender mercies of the 
enemy? No! The fleet must be saved! Who was to 
save it ? The man for the hour was at hand. 

When Port Hudson surrendered, two steamers were 
found high and dry in one of the neighboring bayous. 
Colonel Bailey, engineer of the Nineteenth Corps, said 
he could float them. Despite considerable scepticism on 
the part of some, he was given permission to try. Wing 
dams were built in Thompson s Creek, the water raised ; 
and the " Starlight " and u Red Chief " were brought out 
of their hiding place upon the broad bosom of the Mis 
sissippi. Bailey thought he could do that thing again. It 
was this, or the destruction of the fleet. The engineers 
went to work, and the men were detailed from the various 
regiments to carry on the enterprise. On the 3Oth of 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 



171 



April they commenced .the stupendous undertaking. 
Trees were felled ; buildings were torn down, in order 
that brick and stone might be obtained. Logs and 
timbers, and heavy machinery from neighboring sugar- 
houses were utilized, and four large coal barges belonging 
to the Navy were drafted into the service of the engineers; 
3,000 men worked with a will in the construction of 




RESCUE OF THE FLEET. 

General Banks and his Army Witnessing the Passage of the Gunboats through the 
Rapids at Alexandria, La., May 9th, 1864, 



this dam. Several hundred wagons brought material. 
Men from Maine felled the trees. In eight days the 
work was nearing completion. In another day the 
fleet would be delivered. Unfortunately, on the morning 
of the Qth, a part of the dam gave way. Admiral Porter, 
mounting a horse, galloped up stream, and ordered the 
" Lexington " to put on steam, and run the rapids. The 
" Osage," " Neosho," and " Fort Hindman " followed, 



172 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

and went through in safety. A part of the fleet had been 
saved, but six gunboats and two tugboats were still above 
the falls, and unable, now, to get through the " shute." 
More dams must be built. These boats must be rescued. 
Every man went to work again, and in three days and 
nights the fleet moved. During the i2th and i3th of 
May, Porter and his fleet were rescued and passed over 
the falls to a safe place opposite Alexandria. While this 
work on the dam was progressing the Confederates had 
not been idle. Taylor was alert, with " dreams of con 
quest." On the very day the dam was commenced, while 
men were cutting trees and hauling logs, the Third Regi 
ment was aiding in keeping back the Confederate cavalry. 
The enemy were on both sides of the river, above and 
below the city of Alexandria. 

On the morning of April 3Oth, the Third Cavalry was 
ordered to cross the Red River with two days rations- 
At 8 o clock the men were on the march. Crossing the 
river on a pontoon bridge, the brigade under Davis pro 
ceeded up stream about 15 miles. A diligent search was 
made, but no enemy was discovered that day. That 
night the men slept in the woods. Water was found to 
be scarce in that locality, as the regiment was some dis 
tance from the river. At 6 o clock the next morning, the 
brigade started to return to Alexandria. About six miles 
had been covered, when the sharp report of a rifle broke 
upon the ears of the troopers. The shots multiplied with 
alarming rapidity. It was an attack in the rear. 

Quantrell s Guerillas had come all the way from Mis 
souri to reinforce Taylor; and were now about to pay 
their respects to the Third Massachusetts Cavalry. The 
men had heard of these characters before. Early in the 
war Quantrell and his band had acquired an unenviable 
notoriety by sacking and burning the city of Lawrence, 
in the State of Kansas. Some of their deeds had, according 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 173 

to common report, been a flagrant violation of the rules 
of civilized warfare. And now, on the banks of the Red 
River, at a place called" Pineyville," they were to mea 
sure swords with the men of the Third. It was not long 
before Colonel Davis had formed in line, and had faced 
about, ready to give Quantrell a warm reception. The 
fire of the Brigade soon halted the Missourians, and 
showed them that Davis and Sargent were not men who 
could be stampeded. 

Soon the order was given to "cheer," and the regiment 
obeyed with a hearty goodwill. " Forward !" " Charge ! " 
came next, and the men swept forward like an avalanche. 
Over fences and hedges, and through bushes rushed the 
intrepid cavaliers. Shots from carbines and revolvers 
had been heard, and now a thousand sabres flashed in 
the morning light. It was one of the best charges the 
regiment had made up to this time, and it made a lasting 
impression on the minds of Quantrell and his men. For 
one hour the contest lasted. Several of the enemy were 
taken. The writer saw about twenty-five of these stran 
gers, and they had an ugly look. 

Commanding Company C, on that eventful day, was 
Lieutenant Hilton. He was a brave and efficient officer; 
a little impetuous at times, but intrepid in action, and 
patriotic in the extreme. When the order came to charge, 
he dashed forward with commendable zeal, thinking only 
of the enemy and of the number he could capture. 
Near him rode Sergeant Elliott, as good a soldier 
as was in the regiment, and Sergeant Johnson, another 
as good as Elliot. Next was Corporal Harlow, and the 
writer. 

Elliott and Johnson were Englishmen by birth. They 
had both been soldiers in the British Army, having seen 
active service in the Crimean War. Both had volun 
teered at Port Hudson to join the Forlorn Hope, and 



174 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRV. 

both had been promoted for gallant and meritorious con 
duct. Elliott s horse had been shot under him at Sabine 
Cross Roads. This day he was to make his last ride, and 
fight his last battle. 

The regiment had now driven the enemy quite a dis 
tance. Several prisoners were in our hands. Our vic 
tory was complete up to this point of time. Now came 
one of the most unfortunate occurrences in the history 
of the regiment. 

As the line of battle swept onward toward the dense 
wood beyond, the order was given, " Halt ! " Most of the 
men heard the command, and, accordingly, gave up the 
pursuit. The Lieutenant, for some reason, failed to hear 
the order. He dashed forward toward the woods. The 
writer followed. Accompanying us were Johnson and 
Elliott, and two other men. These comprised the head 
of the company. All the rest remained in the open 
field, behind, and were now retiring. We had no sooner 
come near the enemy, a short distance from the wood, 
than we found ourselves in a very dangerous predicament. 
The enemy, seeing our condition, rallied, and were deter 
mined to effect our capture. Evidently they regarded us 
as an easy prey. " Boys," cried the Lieutenant, " we shall 
have to cut our way out." Suiting the action to the 
word, we turned our horses heads, and gave them the 
spur. We had no sooner done this than we found our 
selves confronted by a new danger. Within a few feet, 
the writer saw a Confederate soldier advancing toward 
him. He had a full beard and an evil eye. For some 
reason he was afoot; perhaps his horse had been shot in 
the recent charge. As he came toward the writer, he de 
manded his surrender, at the same time raising his mus 
ket as if to strike. It was evident that if he struck first, 
it would probably be the end of me. I resolved that I 
would not surrender. I determined, if possible, to strike 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 175 

him first. It was an unequal contest, I admit. He was 
a strong man ; I a mere boy. But instantly I decided 
that if I must die, I would sell my life as dearly as pos 
sible. Raising my sabre, I aimed to strike my antago 
nist with all my might under the left ear and disable him 
at least, if I possibly could. While in the execution of 
my purpose, and even while my sabre was in the air on 
its way to deal the deadly blow, there came a terrible vol 
ley from the enemy in the woods. I knew that meant 
death for some of us. I saw the horse of Comrade John 
son gallop past me with an emply saddle, and I knew that 
my friend, its rider, was no more. Elliott was shot 
through the head and killed. I felt a sharp, stinging pain 
in my right hand. My arm fell powerless to my side, my 
sabre dropping to the ground. I also felt a sudden blow 
on my right hip, as if some one had struck me with his 
musket. L almost reeled from my horse, so powerful was 
the blow. At the same time something went through 
the breast of my coat. The enemy closed in upon us. 
They seized the bridles of two of my comrade s horses, 
and made them prisoners. The Lieutenant and myself 
were now left. His horse had been wounded in the neck, 
and mine in the right haunch. We saw that our only hope 
of escape lay in speedy flight. It was a terrible risk to 
take, but we took it. Between us and safety was a brook 
about a yard wide. Beyond, the way was open ; all other 
avenues of escape were closed. Giving his horse the 
spur, Lieutenant Hilton sprang across the brook and I 
followed. As my horse landed on the farther bank he 
stumbled and fell. My heart sank within me. " It s all 
over with me now," thought I, as all the while the bullets 
were whistling through the air, and the enemy just be 
hind. I determined, however, to make one more effort to 
escape. Accordingly, I gave my faithful horse once more 
the spur. To my great delight, this heroic treatment had 



176 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

the desired effect. With an awful groan, such as I shall 
never cease to remember, he regained his feet, and was 
able to bear me safely away from my pursuers. After 
running the gauntlet for a short distance, we were both 
able, by a circuitous route, to rejoin the regiment. 
Harlow was captured. 

I was soon in the hands of the surgeon. I was 
faint from loss of blood from my wounds, which had 
been streaming, and which had stained the right side 
of my pants from top to bottom. " That was a nar 
row escape," said the doctor as he examined my right 
thumb and fore-finger. A little more, and you 
would have lost both. " What is this hole in your 
jacket?" he inquired. That s where another bullet went 
through," said I, smiling. On careful examination, it 
was discovered that the ball had entered the breast of my 
jacket on the right side, opposite the region of the heart, 
In its course, it had been diverted by a button on my 
blouse, which on that day I had worn beneath my jacket. 
That button saved my life ; for it not only lessened the 
force of the bullet, but caused it to glance and come out 
on the other side of the garment without doing me 
any harm. Had the ball entered an inch higher it un 
doubtedly would have gone through my left side and pos 
sibly through my heart. 

" Here is another hole through your holster," said 
the surgeon, as he inspected me more carefully. Now, 
for the first time, I understood the meaning of that 
blow on my right hip. Another bullet had actually 
struck the holster of my revolver. Passing through 
the leather case, it had struck the barrel of the re. 
volver, then slid down into the bottom of the hol 
ster. That revolver, like the button, had saved my 
life ! Like the button, it had come between me and 
death. When the fight began, it was loaded with seven 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 177 

cartridges. These I had discharged at the enemy, and, 
after emptying the several barrels, had dropped the wea 
pon into the holster on my right side. The bullet had 
come at an angle of forty-five degrees, striking squarely 
against the barrel of the revolver, which arrested its 
progress at once. Had it not done so, the ball would 
have gone through my hip, and, without doubt, have 
caused my death. 

I think I shall never outlive the conviction that a kind 
Providence protected me most singularly on that never- 
to-be-forgotten May morning, in the year eighteen hun 
dred and sixty-four. 



CHAPTER XII. 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN CONCLUDED. 



Back to Alexandria Hospital Scenes A Critical Case McClernand Sick 
Franklin s Wound Confederate Depredations The Third to the Rescue 
Evacuation of Alexandria The Regiment at Moore s Plantation The 
Fight at Bayou de Glace A Magnificent Sight Battle of Yellow Bayou 
Arrival at Morgania. 

HONORABLE wounds having compelled the writer to re 
pair to the hosital at Alexandria, an opportunity was now 
afforded him to study some of the results of civil war, as 
seen by the surgeons. Several hundred men were found 
in the hospital, suffering from sickness and wounds. 
Many of these had come down from the various battle 
fields above, and many more were daily arriving from the 
different scenes of conflict around the city. Almost daily 
there were collisions between the Union and Confederate 
cavalry. Many were being "picked off," one by one, by 
some Confederate sharpshooter, and many more were 
being punctured by the minie ball called by our men a 
" three cheers and a tiger." Surgeons had been busy with 
knife and saw. Amputations were frequent, and, almost 
every day, some poor fellow was " wrapped up in his 
blanket to picket no more." 

Among the sick at Alexandria was Major-General Mc 
Clernand, who was, on or about the 5th of May, obliged 
to relinquish his command of the Thirteenth Corps, and 
allow General Lawler to act in his stead. The writer 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 179 

well remembers seeing McClernand, pale and emaciated, 
as he was carried on board one of the army transports at 
the river bank. 

Among the wounded was General Franklin, who had 
been hit at Sabine Cross Roads. So troublesome had 
his wound become that, at Cane River, he had been 
obliged to give up to Emory as Commander of the Nine 
teenth Corps. Now, again, his wound was troubling 
him ; and, on the 2nd day of May, he again relin 
quished his command, and departed to the North, via 
New Orleans. The scenes witnessed in the hospital at 
Alexandria were varied and pitiful. One had been shot 
through the neck ; another, through the arm ; another 
had lost a leg. The writer s wound was in his right 
hand; so that he had the full use of his eyes and ears. 
Near at hand, lying in a bunk was a poor fellow, just 
brought in, whose knee-pan a bullet had crushed. The 
surgeons tried to save the limb, but in vain. Ether was 
administered; the joint was removed; the wound was 
dressed and sewed up, and good results hoped for. When 
the morning light came, and the writer looked across to 
see how his neighbor was getting on, he saw that the 
couch was empty. The comrade had crossed the river, 
and was far away from the scenes of mortal strife. 

And so they came, and so they went : some down the 
river, to New Orleans ; others across the river, into a 
country upon whose shore 

" There rests no shadow, falls no stain : 
Where those who meet do part no more, 
And those long parted meet again." 

Just as the fleet was about to move, and even while the 
hospital boats were moving down the stream, Quantrell s 
Guerillas appeared on the northern bank, and opened 
fire on the helpless sick and wounded on the boats. 



l8o THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Without a moment s hesitation, Admiral Porter flew to 
the rescue with his flagship, and, directing his gunners 
to give them grape and canister, drove them from the 
river-bank, and they were seen by us no more. 

While Banks and Bailey were busy in damming the 
river above, some of the Confederates were endeavoring 
to dam the river below. 

On the 3rd of May, near David s Ferry, the enemy 
captured the transport "City Belle " and sunk her across 
the channel. Two days later, another force of Con 
federates attacked the gunboats "Signal" and " Coving- 
ton," with the transport " Warner," and succeeded in 
disabling all three. The " Covington " was burned by 
her commander ; but the " Signal " and " Warner " were 
sunk in the channel. 

On the 6th of May, the Third Cavalry was dispatched 
from Alexandria to catch and, if possible, punish those 
unfriendly people who were thus interfering with Uncle 
Sam s mail service and military stores. 

The regiment went down the river about twenty-five 
miles, and discovered the enemy ; but returned without 
engaging them. 

The time had now arrived when Banks was to evacuate 
Alexandria, and move toward the banks of the Missis 
sippi. Everything was put in readiness for this last re 
treat. Military stores were placed on board the trans 
ports ; hospital boats were crowded with the sick and 
wounded ; ammunition was safely placed on river steam 
ers, and the order was given for the army to begin its 
final march in Louisiana. 

The Cavalry took the lead ; the Third passing down 
the southern bank to Governor Moore s plantation, some 
six miles away. Lawler led the Infantry; Emory, with 
the Nineteenth Corps, came next; and A. J. Smith 
brought up the rear. As the army left Alexandria, 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. l8l 

smoke was was seen bursting out from a building near 
the river-front. 

Orders had been given that property should be pro 
tected; but, by some hand, a fire was started, and, as the 
last of the army moved eastward, the city was wrapped 
in flames. Strenuous efforts were made to extinguish 
the fire ; but not until a large part of the city had been 
destroyed was the conflagation stayed. 

Occasionally the Third Cavalry got a glimpse of the 
enemy ; but a few well-directed shots sent them flying 
away at a rapid gait. 

On the morning of May i6th, the Confederates made 
an attack on the Third Cavalry, not far from the banks 
of Bayou de Glace. As the regiment had been ordered 
to march to the rear, the Confederates were suddenly en 
countered, when brisk skirmishing followed. The regi 
ment took position between a certain swamp and the 
bayou, and Colonel Sargent then dispatched a messenger 
to Colonel Davis for reinforcements. Two pieces of ar 
tillery were brought up and unlimbered ; and the sound 
of the guns was soon heard along the banks of the 
stream. This firing from the field-pieces, together with 
the accurate aim of the regiment, soon changed the 
minds of the Confederates, and forced them to retire. 
In this engagement the regiment lost one man killed and 
two wounded. 

And now occurred one of the most beautiful and impres 
sive sights of the whole campaign. 

These two armies, which had for weeks been struggling 
for the mastery; which had met so many times in desperate 
conflict, and which had for days been racing neck and neck 
to reach the Mississippi river, now appeared in full sight 
upon the broad and level plain. Like two ferocious 
beasts in the amphitheatre, they there stood face to face. 
Colonel Richard B. Irwin, the able and accomplished 



l82 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

soldier and scholar, the historian of the Nineteenth Corps, 
thus refers to the wonderful array of military prowess 
which met the eye of thousands on that morning, and 
which, by those who looked upon it, was called the finest 
military spectacle they had ever witnessed. "On the wide 
and rolling prairie of Avoyelles, otherwise known as the 
plains of Mansura, the Confederates stood for the last 
time across the line of march of the retreating army. As 
battery after battery went into action, as the cavalry skir 
mishers became briskly engaged, it seemed as if a pitched 
battle was imminent. The infantry rapidly formed line 
of battle ; Mower on the right, Emory in the centre, Law- 
ler on the left, the main body of Arnold s Cavalry in 
column on the flank. Save where here and there the 
light smoke from the artillery hindered the view, the 
whole lines of both armies were in plain sight of every man 
in either ; but the disparity in numbers was too great to 
justify Taylor in making more than a handsome show of 
resistance on a field like this, where defeat was certain, 
and where destruction must have followed close upon de 
feat; and so, when our lines were advanced, he prudently 
withdrew." 

The army was now nearing Simmsport, and it was 
hoped by many that fighting was over. The men were 
getting worn and the horses hungry. For four days the 
horses went without grain. Sixty-three miles had been 
covered during this time, fighting by day and retreating 
by night. The enemy kept up with remarkable persis 
tency. They had evidently formed a strong attachment 
for the regiment. They seemed to say as Ruth said to 
Naomi: " Entreat me not to leave thee, nor to return 
from following thee." The Third Cavalry were now near- 
ing the Yellow Bayou. At Moreauville, the rearguard 
was attacked by Wharton s Cavalry. Two Confederate 
regiments had ambushed the retreating army on the same 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 183 

day. The wagon was attacked by Debray near Yellow 
Bayou ; and it did seem as if the trials and tribulations of 
Banks army knew no end. On the i8th of May was 
fought the battle of Yellow Bayou. What Taylor would 
not risk at Mansura, he did risk on the i8th. While the 
main army was crossing at Simmsport, Taylor thought 
it would be a good time to throw down the gauntlet. It 
was his last chance. Suddenly the Confederate general 
moved forward his entire command, and commenced the 
attack. The Sixteenth and Seventeenth Corps responded. 

Out on the skirmish line was the Third Cavalry. 
Taylor brought up artillery and infantry, about 12,000 
strong. General Mower, who was at the front, ordered 
the Cavalry to fall back to Yellow Bayou. Mower 
then brought up twenty-three pieces of artillery, and 
the engagement began in good earnest. At 11 A. M., the 
battle raged with great fury. Yellow Bayou has been 
called one of the sharpest engagments of the Cam 
paign. 

A. J. Smith was at the landing at Simmsport. He 
heard Mower s guns, and hastened to send him reinforce 
ments. In striking contrast to that of the enemy, was 
Smith s fondness for the Third Cavalry. It is said 
that Banks wanted to send other troops to assist Smith 
in covering the retreat down Red River. Then it 
was that A. J. Smith uttered the characteristic remark, 
familiar to every member of the regiment: "If I can t 
have the Third Massachusetts Cavalry, I don t want 
any." Smith and the Third Cavalry were firm friends. 
Sargent was a good man for Smith to have near him. 
In a crisis, the regiment could be depended on. 

Mower, who was conducting the battle, ordered Davis 
brigade to charge the enemy on the left. At the same 
time, he sent the Third Cavalry to charge Taylor, on the 
right. The orders were executed by the Cavalry in 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 185 

splendid style ; and the Confederates were driven from 
the woods in great contusion. In this charge the regi 
ment lost fourteen in killed and wounded; and thirty- 
nine horses. Of the enemy, 300 prisoners were captured. 
They belonged to a regiment that had dared to attempt 
to capture a Union battery. 

Colonel Sargent now rallied the Third for a second 
charge. Away the bold troopers rode, notwithstanding 
the fire of the Confederates was heavy ; and again the 
enemy were routed, and fled from the field before the in 
trepid cavaliers ; leaving their dead and wounded behind 
them. 

Such was the Battle of Yellow Bayou. Mower lost 
38 killed, 226 wounded, and 3 missing; in all, 267. Tay 
lor reported a loss of about 500, including 100 prisoners. 
The Third Cavalry buried its dead, recovered its wound 
ed, and, on the night of the 2Oth of May, 1864, over a 
bridge of twenty-two steamboats, connected by gang 
planks and rough boards, it marched across the Atcha- 
falya, toward the Mississippi; where, on the 2ist, the 
Nineteenth Corps bade farewell to the brave Western 
troops, and the disastrous Red River Campaign was 
ended. 

At Simmsport, Banks was relieved by Canby. Emory 
marched with the Nineteenth Corps and Cavalry to Red 
River Landing ; thence to Morganza Bend, where the 
regiment went into camp, on May 22nd, 1864. 

The Third Cavalry had marched over 500 miles ; had 
been under fire over thirty times ; had lost many of its 
men in killed and wounded ; and, on many fields, had 
borne the burden and heat of the battle. They left New 
Orleans on the 2nd day of March ; and, on May 2Oth, 
just seventy-nine days from the beginning of their cam 
paign, their long and arduous labors terminated. Mor 
ganza would give them rest, a chance to " wash up" and 

N 



1 86 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

sleep nights. No midnight alarms would now be sounded 
for awhile ; nor would the blast of the bugle wake them 
to a " reveille of blood." 

The regiment s dead were now sleeping in many a 
Louisiana lowland, their graves decorated only by the 
cypress tree or magnolia. Their comrades had fallen 
on almost every field of conflict, from Mansfield to 
Morganza. Sometimes they had not been buried at all 
by friendly hands. Oft they had been hastily laid down 
to rest, covered quickly by the turf; while those who 
would have tarried longer were hurried forward to new 
scenes of danger and sudden death. 



CHAPTER XIII. 



TRANSFERRED TO VIRGINIA. 



A Season of Rest A Mosquito Night Attack Canby in Command Three 
Grand Reviews A Visit from General Sickles Washington in Danger 
The Nineteenth Corps Ordered North The Regiment Dismounted Down 
the River to Algiers On the Ocean Colonel Sargent Arrives at Fortress 
Monroe Arrival in Washington The Nineteenth Corps to the Rescue 
The Third Reaches Chain Bridge Arrives at Monocacy Sheridan in Com 
mand March to Cedar Creek Retreat to Halltown The Army Advances 
The Strength of the Regiment. 

WHILE the regiment remained at Morganza there was 
time for rest and reflection. One year ago, the Nine 
teenth Corps had landed on that same shore, after a most 
successful campaign along the Teche, and, from this very 
spot, had marched in triumph to the conquest of Port 
Hudson. Now, they had returned from a long and 
hazardous campaign, with nothing to show for it but 
tattered banners and depleted ranks. 

The "foothold in Texas " had been given up. Some 
body had blundered. An attempt had been made to 
plant the flag in Shreveport. A dream of conquest had 
resulted in a sad awakening. " Much blood and treasure 
had been spilled," as Irwin scathingly remarks, "into this 
sink of shame.* 

They could, however, boast of duty done ; of obstacles, 
almost unsurmountable, overcome ; of an honorable 
record during the weary months now past. The banners 

* "History of the Nineteenth Corps," page 348. 



1 88 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

they had borne through the smoke of battle they still re 
tained more beautiful and sacred because of the hard 
ship and privations the regiment had endured. 

The last half of May and the whole of June was passed 
by the Third Cavalry at Morganza. This was a safe re 
treat for the men ; but not so comfortable as safe. Good 
water was found in great abundance. Their sleep was sweet 
at night, except when disturbed by the midnight attack 
of the mosquito. The heat was oppressive. Rude shelters 
were made of bushes and leaves; but " Old Sol" beat 
down powerfully upon the heads and bodies of them en. 
A fresh breeze, coming up or down the river, occasionally 
tried to visit camp, and alleviate the burdens of the com 
rades ; but, unfortunately, the high levee beat back the 
welcome guest, just as the regiment had beaten back 
Taylor s Cavalry during the recent campaign. As for 
the ground on which they camped, it was not dusty, but 
as one has called it, "a sea of fat, black mud." The 
sickly season was at hand. The sick list was lengthen 
ing. The hospitals at Baton Rouge and New Orleans 
were being crowded, as well as those located nearer camp. 

Canby had relieved Banks, and was anxious to clo some 
thing with the troops at his disposal. Accordingly, 
elaborate plans were made, looking to a complete reor 
ganization of the igth Corps. 

The Thirteenth Corps was broken up, and many of its 
best regiments went to form the Third Division of the 
Nineteenth Corps. Grover kept the Second Division, 
with Birge, Molineux and Thorpe as Brigade Comman 
ders. 

The monotony of camp life at Morganza was broken 
by three grand reviews. The first of these occurred 
on the nth of June. A downpour of rain seriously inter 
fered with the pleasure of the occasion, and somewhat 
dampened the ardor of the men participating. Every 



TRANSFERRED TO VIRGINIA. 189 

man was drenched to the skin, and the martial music was 
turned- into discord. 

On June 14, General Sickles, who had arrived in camp, 
reviewed the troops. This gallant soldier had, just one 
year before (July 2, 63) lost a leg at Gettysburg. About 
the time the men of the Third were waiting in the 
rifle-pits, for the surrender of Port Hudson, he made this 
sacrifice. He was a fine military figure, and an object of 
interest to every man in the command. On the 25th of 
June a third review occurred, when General Reynolds 
assumed temporary command of the Corps. 

Canby was now ordered by Grant to march against 
Mobile. This had been Grant s desire before the starting 
of the Red River Expedition. Had Grant s idea been 
accepted by the authorities at Washington, instead of 
Halleck s, a much better result had, doubtless, been at 
tained by the year s work now closing. 

Grant was now Lieutenant-General. He had the 
prerogative, not only to suggest, but to command. A 
stirring, aggressive campaign had been planned, and the 
movement against Mobile was only one of many opera 
tions proposed by the new commander. But, while Canby 
was planning for the Mobile Campaign, great and im 
portant events were transpiring elsewhere, demanding 
the exercise of the most consummate skill and dexterity 
of the Lieutenant-General in command. 

On the very day when Emory was reviewing the Nine 
teenth Corps at Morganza. Grant was pushing Lee down 
toward Richmond, beyond the bloody battle-field of Cold 
Harbor. On the day of Sickles review, June 14, Grant 
crossed the James River, and pushed on toward the City 
of Petersburg. In the six weeks intervening between 
the crossing of the Rapidan and the crossing of the 
James, Grant had lost nearly as many men as Lee had in 
the army of Northern Virginia. While the men of the 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Third Cavalry at Morganza were waiting for march 
ing orders from Canby, which would carry them to 
the conquest of Mobile, Jubal Early was march 
ing up the Shenandoah Valley, toward Maryland. 
This Confederate commander, to whom the Third 
Cavalry was soon to be introduced, had already passed 
far North, invading Maryland, harassing Pennsylvania, 
disturbing Harrisburg and Philadelphia, and was soon 
to menace even Washington, itself. The Nation was 
alarmed. Washington was again in danger. The mem 
ories of 6 1 were again revived. Something must be done, 
and done quickly, 

In this great crisis, the man for the hour was at hand. 
A clear head and a firm hand was at the front. Grant 
now ordered Canby to send the Nineteenth Corps North, 
without delay. 

About this time, there came an order which surprised 
and disappointed the officers and men of the 3rd Cavalry. 
On the 25th of June, by Special Order No. 52, Headquar 
ters, Department of the Gulf, the regiment was dismount 
ed, and commanded to serve as infantry. Accordingly, 
horses, saddles, bridles, sabres, carbines and revolvers 
were exchanged for rifles and the equipment belonging 
to a regiment of infantry. Transports were now arriv 
ing to take the Nineteenth Corps to Algiers. The men 
bade good bye to Morganza on July 3rd, and once more 
found themselves passing down the rolling river, upon 
whose banks they had spent so many days. Past Port 
Hudson, the scene of their former exploits ; past Baton 
Rouge, where they had first landed on that December 
morning in 62 ; past Donaldsonville, where Fort Butler 
stood, still defiant, as in days gone by, the regiment 
was borne onward until their arrival at Algiers, on the 
opposite bank from New Orleans. Here the regiment 
was divided. On July iz|.th, Colonel Sargent received 



TRANSFERRED TO VIRGINIA. IQI 

orders to report to General Grant at Fortress Monroe 
Seven companies embarked on the steamer " General 
Lyons," and at once went down the river and out to sea. 
Colonel Sargent went with this battalion. Major Reed 
was ordered by Colonel Sargent to take command of the 
other five squadrons, and embark on the transport " E. L. 
Clark." and soon the entire command was afloat on the 
rolling deep. A sea voyage was not a bad thing for the 
men. Salt breezes did them good. Some of the Louisi 
ana malaria was possibly worked out of the system by 
the voyage North. 

Old ocean served as a tonic. Appetite was stimulated, 
feverish brows were cooled, and a change in climate ac 
complished great good for the dismounted cavaliers. 

On the 27th of June, Colonel Sargent, with his battalion, 
reached Old Point Comfort, and reported to Grant for 
orders. He was ordered to proceed at once to Washing 
ton, and report to General Halleck. Washington at this 
time was in a state of great excitement. Early was near- 
ing the city. Some of his raiders had gone as far as 
the Baltimore & Washington Railroad, and Harry Gil- 
more s party had stopped a passenger train, and cap 
tured the former commander of the Corps, (General 
Franklin,) who was on board. Lincoln and his Cabinet 
were getting anxious. Government clerks had been 
armed and sent to the front. The Sixth Corps had been 
dispatched by Grant from Petersburg, to the rescue of 
Washington, but had not yet arrived. Early s columns 
were now in sight in the rear of Washington. At this 
critical moment, the Nineteenth Corps was called upon 
to defend the capital. On the nth day of July, the first 
detachment reached Washington, and was ordered to oc 
cupy and hold Fort Saratoga. 

Early was now at Silver Springs. His troops could be 
seen from the dome of the capital some six miles away. 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRV. 

His skirmishers were not far out beyond Fort Stevens; 
whose guns could be heard in many parts of the city. 
In Washington at this time was a force of about twenty 
thousand men, many of them were raw and unseasoned 
troops, unused to the arts of war, and untried on the field 
of battle. 

Two hours after the men of the Nineteenth Corps 
had stepped upon the wharf at Washington, the advance 
of the Sixth Corps came in sight. Steaming up the Poto 
mac, to the great relief of the President and of all within 
the city, came the transports. At this time Lincoln was 
at the front. Near Fort Stevens, he was an interested 
spectator of all that was passing. Some of the old sol 
diers who did not know him, wondered what that un 
armed man with a " tall hat was doing, anyway, so near 
the scene of danger." 

It is an interesting fact that, while the guns of Fort 
Stevens were firing at Early s advance guard, and while 
Abraham Lincoln was anxiously watching and waiting 
for the expected reinforcements to arrive, the veterans 
of the Nineteenth Corps vied with those of the Sixth in 
their rapid march to the scene of danger ; and while 
Wright s men stood across the path of Early, and said, 
in most emphatic tones : " Thus far shalt thou come, and 
no farther!" Emory s men were in supporting distance, 
ready to endorse with their lives the statement of the 
veterans of the Sixth. 

Early came no nearer. So bold was the resistance 
offered by the veterans of Virginia and the Gulf, that the 
wily Confederate just " folded his tent like the Arab, 
and as silently stole away." 

Now that Early was gone, the troops that had come to 
drive him back were in and around the city without much 
organization, and without supplies. Most of the Nine 
teenth Corps had now arrived, and were not far from the 



TRANSFERRED TO VIRGINIA. 



193 



capital. Order must be brought out of chaos. Wright 
was ordered to chase Early over the Potomac, and drive 
him back into the Shedandoah Valley. Emory was or 
dered to follow with the Nineteenth Corps. 

On the 28th of July, Colonel Sargent was ordered to 
report with his regiment to General Emory, whose corps 




GENERAL EMORY. 

was at this time not far from Chain Bridge. The regi 
ment now became a part of the Second Brigade, Second 
Division, of the iQth Army Corps. Emory now moved 
his corps to Monocacy. No sooner had Sargent arrived 
with his men at Chain Bridge, at two in the morning, 
than he was ordered back to Washington. At 5 A. M. the 
regiment broke camp, retraced their steps to the capital, 
and took cars at the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Station 



IQ4 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

for Monocacy. Here the regiment went into camp, 
while Wright and Emory were hunting for the where 
abouts of Early. 

On July 2Qth, Emory followed Wright across the 
Potomac at Harper s Ferry, and proceeded as far as 
Halltown. It was an exceedingly hot day, and many of 
the men of the Nineteenth suffered intensely from the 
dust and heat. 

August 4th, the Third was ordered to proceed by rail 
to Harper s Ferry, to join Emory. Arriving late at 
night, they disembarked at 11.30, and rested until morn 
ing, The next day, the men fell in, and marched over a 
dusty road to Halltown, where the igth had gathered. 

Grant now determined to put a stop to Early s depre 
dations. Chambersburg had been burned by some of 
Early s raiders, and cavalry was needed to head off these 
intrepid Confederate cavaliers. Had the Third Cavalry 
only brought their horses with them, lively times had 
been in store for the regiment during these stirring days. 

Grant now ordered a division of cavalry from the 
Army of the Potomac to join Wright and Emory in their 
chase of Early. On the 4th of August, the very day on 
which the Third Cavalry were travelling on the cars from 
Monocacy to Harper s Ferry, Grant himself put in an 
appearance at Frederick. He came unheralded. No 
one in Washington saw him, as he did not come that 
way. It did not take him long to grasp the situation, 
and to make plans for the future undoing of Early and 
his adventurous army. 

Grant ordered Wright, Emory and Crook to find 
Early, and attack him without delay. It took some time 
to execute this order, for Early moved with great rapidity; 
so that the authorities at Washington were sometimes 
puzzled, and at other times alarmed. Early was finally 
located at Bunker Hill; and thither Grant determined to 



TRANSFERRED TO VIRGINIA. IQ5 

send a strong force, for the purpose of punishing, and, 
if possible, destroying Early s armv. 

A new command and a new commander was now con 
templated. Four distinct departments were combined 
in one, and General P. H. Sheridan was placed at its 
head. 

Franklin had been suggested, and so had Meade ; but 
" little Phil " was the coming man. He was the man who 
was to transform this " valley of humiliation" into a 
theatre of most illustrious triumph. On the yth of August 
the War Department issued an order, through Grant s 
influence, creating the " Middle Military Division," and 
Sheridan was assigned to the command. Just three days 
later, the Third Cavalry was ordered to report to Sheri 
dan, and join in the forward movement of the new army, 
under its new commander. 

The Nineteenth Corps was now in good fighting trim. 
The bracing air of Virginia had taken the place of the 
enervating climate of Louisiana. The officers and men 
were quick to show the change that had been wrought in 
them by their new environment. The crystal waters, 
the rolling wheatfields, and the beautiful blue mountains 
were exhilarating. Sheridan had the confidence of all. 
The men, well fed and well cared for, were willing and 
eager to follow him to victory or death. 

Sheridan now began his march toward Early, through 
Winchester to Cedar Creek. Early fell back to Fisher s 
Hill. He was hardly willing to risk an engagement with 
the impetuous Sheridan. At Cedar Creek the regiment 
went into camp and rested until the I5th. 

On August i4th, Sheridan received orders from Grant 
concerning certain movements of the enemy, telling him 
to be cautious and to look out for the wily foe. This led 
him to fall back to Halltown. At n A.M., on the next 
day, the Third Cavalry, fell back with Sheridan s army, 



I9 6 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

passing through Winchester to Halltown, a more favor 
able position for defence. Both armies now were watch 
ing each other, as an eagle watches for her prey. At 
Halltown, Major S. Tyler Reed joined the regiment with 
the five squadrons under his command. 

Reel s men had experienced a variety of things since 
leaving Algiers, and, after a series of movements had at 
length been able to catch up with the regiment as it fell 
back from Cedar Creek. Colonel Sargent was pleased to 
see the officers and men once more, after an absence of 
just one month; and all rejoiced that the twelve companies 
were once more together. The command, thus united, 
numbered 647 men. The aggregate was 1007. 

Grant gave Sheridan two orders. He was to move 
against Early, and give battle ; and, in the second place, 
he was to devastate the country. Between these two 
generals there was the greatest confidence. Grant un 
derstood Sheridan, and Sheridan understood Grant 
Sheridan could be trusted in the Valley. It was fortunate 
for the country that Grant selected him for this im 
portant campaign. Sheridan was not to be caught nap 
ping. Scouts were on the alert. Every movement of 
Early was closely watched and quickly reported. Great 
events were shaping, and momentous history was soon 
to be made. 

On August 28th, Sheridan moved his army to Charles- 
town. Now he began to put into execution Grant s 
second order. " I have destroyed everything eatable," 
were Sheridan s words. Grain was burned ; animals 
were carried off ; the Valley was made useless to Early 
and his army. 

At Berryville, Grover came with the rest of the Nine 
teenth Corps. He came from Butler, at Bermuda Hun 
dreds. The Third Cavalry remained at Charlestown 
until September 



TRANSFERRED TO VIRGINIA. 1 97 

Three days before, Grant came to Charlestown, and 
conferred with Sheridan. Those who know what 
passed between the two great leaders describe it as a 
most interesting and impressive scene. Grant carried 
in his pocket a plan of the coming campaign. Turning 
to Sheridan, he asked him if he would be ready to move 
soon. Sheridan replied : " I am ready to move as soon 
as you say, Go in : at daylight on Monday, if neces 
sary." So pleased was Grant at this reply, that he said 
nothing about his plan ; but simply said, " Go in !" and 
went back to City Point. 

A few promotions came to the field officers in the fall 
of 1864. On August 7, Captain Bunker was commis 
sioned Major. On September 2nd, Major Vinal was 
commissioned Lieutenant-Colonel ; and, on the same 
day, Captain Noyes, of Company B, was made Major. 
These officers had been with the regiment during its 
arduous campaigns in Louisiana, and richly deserved the 
promotions that now came to them. 



CHAPTER XIV. 



BATTLE OF THE OPEQUON. 
Sept. iQlh, 1864. 



Grover s Division Molinsux s Brigade Chirge of the Third Cavalry Death of 
Russell Emory again Saves the Army The Third Charges again A Third 
Attempt Defeat of Early Death of Rodes FitzHugh Lee Wounded 
Sheridan Rides along the Line Washington Encouraged Losses in the Battle 
Death of Lieutenant Glidden A Romance of Winchester Battle of Fisher s 
Hill On to Staunton In Camp at Harrisburg Mt. Crawford Retreat 
to Cedar Creek Throwing up Earthworks Sheridan Goes to Washington 
Wright in Command Sleeping amid Danger. 

THE Battle of the Opequon was fought on the iQth of 
September, 1864. 

Just five months and ten days after the bloody engage 
ment of Pleasant Hill, in Louisiana, the Nineteenth 
Corps stood confronting a similar enemy on the soil of 
Virginia. Early Monday morning, just as he had prom 
ised Grant, Sheridan put his army in motion. He was 
to meet the man who had invaded Pennsylvania, men 
aced Washington, and thrown the whole North into a 
paroxysm of fear. A great opportunity came to Sheri- 
and ; how well he used it, the regord of the then impend 
ing battle tells. 

Wright led the infantry ; Emory came next ; Crook 
brought up the rear. Merritt and Averell were on 
ahead with the Cavalry, scouring the country and guard 
ing the flanks. Five miles from Winchester were 



BATTLE OF THE OPEQUON. IQ9 

Gordon, Rodes and Wharton ; while in Sheridan s 
immediate front were the Confederate veterans under 
Ramseur. The Sixth Corps formed across the Berry- 
ville Road. . The Nineteenth Corps stood on the right of 
the Sixth. Grover s Division was near the "Red Bud 
Run." Grover s three brigade commanders were Sharp, 
Birge and Molineux. In Molineux s Brigade was the 
Third Massachusetts Cavalry. Associated with the 
Third were the following regiments : Thirteenth Con 
necticut, Eleventh Indiana, Twenty-second Iowa, i3ist 
and 1 59th New York. 

At fifteen minutes before twelve, the bugle at Sheri 
dan s headquarters indicated that the time for decisive 
action had arrived. From Corps, Division and Brigade 
headquarters the order was repeated. The new army, 
under the new commander, began to move. Soon 
firing began along the whole line. Emory attacked 
Gordon with great fury. Birge led a most impetuous 
charge. Between the two leading brigades of Grover s 
division there was a gap made, and into this Molineux, 
with the Third Cavalry, was quickly thrust. A heavy 
fire, both from cannon and musketry, was opened 
on them by the enemy, as the Confederates came on into 
the inviting gap. The enemy was very bold. He surged 
around both flanks of Molineux, and compelled Birge to 
fall back. Molineux s Brigade was in danger. The 
Twenty-second Iowa stood on very dangerous ground, 
and was compelled to retreat to a newer and safer posi 
tion. The Third charged with the brigade, and with it 
was repulsed, losing heavily in the attempt. 

Sheridan, however, was a soldier who knew how to fight 
and win, as well as plan a battle. The right of Molineux 
held its ground. The isist New York, under the gallant 
Colonel Day, came to his help. Waiting until he could 
see the [backs of the Confederates he poured into their 




Tf 
>O 

CO 



r< <# 
^ I 

O ? 



W r 



2O2 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

ranks a withering fire, and then, ably supported by the 
Eleventh Indiana and a portion of the Third Cavalry, 
with the 1 76th New York, he pushed back the advancing 
lines of the Confederates, and compelled them to retire 
in great disorder. 

Unfortunately, however, when they retired, they swept 
across Molineux s left centre, capturing quite a number 
of his officers and men. At this juncture, General Rus- 
sel was ordered forward, with his fine division, to the 
support of Molineux and Birge. Russell led a most 
brilliant charge, but, on the eve of victory, fell at the 
head of his troops, a noble sacrifice on his country s altar. 
He lived long enough, however, to strike the blow that 
staggered Early ; and made victory possible to the Union 
army. 

A new danger now confronted Emory and the Nine 
teenth Corps. FitzHugh Lee was threatening his right 
flank. From the north bank of the Red Bud he had 
already opened fire. " Have this thing stopped at once ! " 
was Emory s terse command to Dwight. 

And, so, just as Emory had been the " Rock" at Sabine 
Cross Roads, six months before, so now he was to save 
Sheridan s army from embarrassment, and snatch victory 
from the very jaws of defeat. Dwight ordered the H4th 
New York to stem the tide, and drive Fitz Lee from his 
position. It was Lee of New York against Lee of Vir 
ginia. Per Lee s men did nobly; until at length Nealcame 
to his assistance. Throwing down a rail-fence, these in 
trepid men opened a terrible fire upon Lee of Virginia, 
and succeeded admirably in checking his advance. 
Molineux was now needing help. His brigade had been 
depleted, and was well-nigh exhausted. The Eighth 
Vermont, under the gallant Thomas, and the Twelfth 
Connecticut, under Peck, were sent to his assistance. 
Peck soon fell, mortally wounded by a shell, as his regi 
ment opened fire. 




a 



2O4 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

The battle had now raged since 15 minutes before 
12 o clock. It had been fierce and momentous. Regiments 
had marched and counter-marched, charged and counter 
charged ; and for some time it seemed uncertain which 
way the tide would turn. By one o clock the struggle 
was ended. The Confederates were beaten. They had 
fought desperately ; but they had been outnumbered and 
outgeneralled from the first. Their losses had been 
heavy. They had been roughly handled by Sheridan s 
men. Three times had the Third Cavalry charged dur 
ing the morning battle. Their first attempt had been a 
failure; having been repulsed with great loss. Their 
second charge was more successful, as they gained 
new ground, and held it. At length the time had come 
for a grand advance. After a two hours lull, at about 
4 o clock, cheers were heard from some of Sheridan s 
troops, who had crossed Red Bud Run, and were 
driving Early back toward Winchester. Averell and 
Merritt already had FitzHugh Lee on the run, and 
Crook was pressing Gordon with great impetuosity. Tor- 
bert s Cavalry, too, was hitting Breckinridge hard blows, 
and Early saw his whole line broken and hurled head 
long backward toward Winchester and beyond to Fisher s 
Hill. 

For the Infantry, the battle was over and the victory 
won. The Cavalry, however, kept on. Through Win 
chester swept the Confederate troops, pursued by Tor- 
bert and Wilson. The retreat of Early s men could not 
be stayed. In vain Early tried to rally his beaten army 
in the vicinity of Winchester. It was useless. The tide 
surged past, up the road and over the hills, far on 
toward Kernstown, pursued by Torbert s Cavalry. 

Sheridan now rode down the lines. The men saw 
their leader, and went wild with excitement. With him 
were Wright, Emory and Crook. A mighty cheer rent 



BATTLE OF THE OPEQUON. 205 

the air. Even the wounded rejoiced at the great vic 
tory that had come to the Union army. It was a great 
day for the nation, that iQth of September, 1864. The 
news of the victory reached Washington. It stirred the 
White House. In the breast of Lincoln there was born 
a hope that now, at length, had come a victory that meant 
peace not far away, and the great blessing of a Nation 
saved from disunion and disgrace. 

In this decisive battle Sheridan lost 5,018 men. Of 
these 697 were killed ; 3,983 were wounded, and 338 
missing. 

Early s loss was about 4,000 in all ; including about 
300 prisoners. On the Southern side, General Rodes 
was killed, and FitzHugh Lee was wounded. Early left 
his dead and wounded on the field. Sheridan s army 
captured five guns and nine battle-flags. 

Molineux s Brigade lost 58 men killed, 362 wounded, 
and 87 missing; a total of 507. The Third Cavalry lost, 
in killed, wounded and missing, 105 officers and men. 
Among the killed was Lieutenant Jasper F. Glidden, of 
Company B, one of the bravest young officers in the 
regiment, and Lieutenant John F. Pool. Both of these 
officers had risen from the ranks. Both were promoted 
August 1 3th, 1863, and both fell September L9th, 1864. 

Among our wounded were Lieutenants Grover and 
Howland. Grover had previously been wounded at 
Yellow Bayou, in Louisiana. Howland was carried to 
his home in New Bedford, where, in a few months, he 
died. Grover, though seriously wounded, recovered. 

In one of the great battles of the war, a certain regi 
ment was ordered to charge the enemy s works. The 
men started. Away they swept across the intervening 
space. The color-bearer, a brave and intrepid soldier, 
bore the banner of his country on through fire and 
smoke and storm of leaden hail; nor did he pause, 



2O6 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

until he had succeeded in planting the regimental colors 
on the very battlements of the enemy. Then, as he 
looked about him, he saw, for the first time, that he was 
not supported. The line had broken and fallen back. 
Officers and men were hurrying to the rear. Then there 
came the order : "Sergeant, bring back the colors to the 
line ! " But, yielding not an inch, the sergeant stood his 
ground, while "death shots fell around him thick and 
fast," and, lifting up his voice, he cried : " Colonel, bring 
the line up to the colors ! " 

Three times, at Opequon, the Third Cavalry charged. 
Proudly and bravely the regimental colors were borne 
aloft through fire and smoke. In this case, however, 
the color-bearer was supported ! No order came from 
our gallant Colonel to "bring back the colors to the line ;" 
but every man was eager to " bring the line up to the 
colors." 

The great victory of Sheridan at Opequon caused 
general rejoicing throughout the North. It had cost much 
precious blood ; but, mid the tears of friends who sor 
rowed for loved ones who went down in the fight, were 
evidences of a boundless gratitude for the great triumph 
that had come to Lincoln and the Union army. 

General Emory was pleased at the conduct of the 
regiment in this engagement. The only criticism he 
made was that the men were over eager to annihilate the 
Confederate army. Referring to their charge, he said: 
" You charged too impetuously. You charged too far. 
That s why you were ordered back." 

Connected with the Battle of the Opequon and the 
campaign of Sheridan in the Valley, is a bit of romance. 
So genuine are the characters involved, and so realistic 
are the facts that the writer makes room for them in the 
pages of this book. 

Near Sheridan s battle-ground lived Angus McLoud 



BATTLE OF THE OPEQUON. 207 

He was an honest man, loyal in his sentiments, yet care 
ful about what he said and did. Both Northern and 
Southern soldiers visited his home, and sometimes bor 
rowed things they never returned. At one time he was 
strongly suspected by the Confederates of leaning too 
emphatically to the Northern cause, and was, conse 
quently taken off and carried into the enemy s country. 
Angus McLoud was the father of several children, 
among whom were two beautiful maidens of tender 
years. 




SHERIDAN S HEADQUARTERS AT WINCHESTER. 

Among the frequent visitors at this lovely home were 
two young soldiers of Sheridan s Command. It was 
rumored that something more than a desire for a drink 
of water led them to the dwelling of McLoud. Two 
bright-eyed girls were more attractive to these two ten 
der-hearted soldiers than a well of water. When the bat 
tle raged around their father s home, one was in the 
cellar, and the other on the roof of the dwelling. Sheri 
dan himself passed their father s door. Both Union and 
Confederate wounded were brought into the house and 
given " aid and comfort " by these kind and gentle 
women. They saw Jubal Early fly before the onslaught 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

of the Nineteenth Corps, and looked upon his shattered 
army as it disappeared up the road on its way to 
Fisher s Hill. Time went on. The war closed. With 
the return of peace John " and " Fred " returned to woo 
and wed these lovely maidens, now grown to woman 
hood. 

Angus McLoud, stripped of earthly goods, but not of 
honor, saw the Union restored, and came to live in 
Northern homes, founded by Sheridan s two veterans to 
whom he had given his two daughters in holy wedlock, 
And when in later years he and his dear wife went 
toward the setting sun, John and Fred ministered to them 
as they had done to the young men when they were needy 
soldiers in the Shenandoah. 

His property had been laid upon the altar. He could 
die in peace. His wife had just preceded him to the 
better land. We talked a little of the days gone by; 
of his former home in Winchester; of another home in 
Heaven; of Sheridan and Early, and the great battle 
whose tide had roared and surged around his dwelling; 
of his sons-in-law and his two young daughters, and then 
with John and Fred and their beautiful wives standing 
near, he closed his eyes and slept. He had entered the 
valley where no sound of battle is ever heard, and where 
the bugle-note wakes no warrior to scenes of fratricidal 
strife. 

Sheridan allowed his army to rest after the great battle 
of Opequon. Early was also resting on Fisher s Hill. 
He was using the time in binding up his wounds and 
gathering and strengthening his shattered and demoral 
ized army. Throwing up earthworks, he prepared him 
self to resist any attempt on the part of Sheridan to 
drive him from his rocky camp. At length Sheridan or 
dered his cavalry to ride forward to feel the enemy s 
position. On September 2oth Sheridan advanced his 




GEN. GEO. B. LOUD. 



BATTLE OF THE OPEQUON. 20Q 

army ; the next day his cavalry met Early s skirmishers 
on the hill between Strasburg and Fisher s Hill. It was 
not difficult to drive them, and to continue the pursuit. 

Sheridan now ordered the Nineteenth Corps to advance, 
and planned a movement which, if successful, would re 
sult in the capture or destruction of Early s entire army. 
Torbert s cavalry was ordered to pass around to the 
enemy s rear, and cut off his retreat. Crook was to make 
a movement to the right, and passing through the woods 
and behind the hills by a back road, was to attack Gen 
eral Early on his left and rear. At a given signal, the 
Sixth and Nineteenth Corps were to press Early in 
front. 

In the early part of the 22nd of September, Grover s 
division was on the lett of the Nineteenth Corps. The 
two prinicipal brigade commanders at this time were 
Birge and Molineux. The former had been our brigade 
Commander at Baton Rouge and both had been identi 
fied with the Nineteenth Corps in every important en 
gagement since. 

Grover commenced the fight. Skirmishers were sent 
forward, and the artillery began a lively shelling of the 
enemy s position. The Nineteenth Corps was placed by 
Sheridan on the left of the railroad. Molineux was 
given the post of honor in the advance of Grover. The 
Third Massachusetts Cavalry was permitted to share in 
this honor. Moving up close to the enemy s lines, they 
were ordered to throw up earthworks, and hold them 
selves in readiness for the coming onset. Just as the 
sup was setting, away off on the right, the roar of the 
guns was heard. Crook was swooping down upon 
Early s left with great rapidity. Emerging from the 
woods, his brave veterans took the Confederates by sur 
prise, turning their left flank, and driving them in con 
fusion from their position. Now came the order for the 



210 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Nineteenth Corps to charge. Away dashed Molineux s 
Second Brigade, the Third Cavalry being in the centre. 
Inspired by the presence of Sheridan, their forward 
movement was irresistible. Scrambling up the rocky 
sides of Fisher s Hill, they swarmed over the enemy s 
entrenchments, and planted the colors of the regiment 
on the parapets of the foe. Sixteen pieces of artillery, 
and a large number of prisoners were captured in this 
charge. The enemy fled in confusion. He had been 
terribly surprised and beaten. He had felt his position 
to be so secure that the artillerymen had taken the am 
munition boxes from the caissons. In vain Early tried 
to arrest his fleeing columns ; he could not stem that tide 
of battle until his panic-stricken soldiers found them 
selves four miles beyond Woodstock. 

During the retreat of the enemy, the Third Cavalry 
was thrown forward to support the skirmish line. All 
night long they pursued the fleeing Confederates, and at 
12 the next day, halted not far from Woodstock. Colonel 
Sargent was ordered to follow the retreating enemy, and 
and the regiment marched on past Edenburg, Mount 
Jackson and Harrisonburg, and, at 5 o clock on the 
afternoon of the 26th of September, went into camp 
near the latter place. 

A rather amusing incident occurred at Fisher s Hill, 
which illustrates the animus of the Third Cavalry in that 
engagement. 

As the men swept on toward the Confederates, General 
Grover, who was afraid he might never see them again, 
cried out most vehemently : " Halt ! Halt ! Fall bacjc ! " 
General Emory knew better. " Let them go ! " cried he. 
"Let them go, and bring up your infantry!" And 
they went. On September 22, 1864, at Fisher s Hill, the 
regiment made a record worthy of a place on the bright 
est pages of historv. 



BATTLE OF THE OPEQUON. 21 1 

It is said that an Englishman and an American were 
once talking about the Battle of Bunker Hill. The 
Englishman thought he would jolly the Yankee a bit ; 
and so remarked : " I believe we drove you in that fight 
at Bunker Hill," "Yes," said the Yankee; "but we 
kept the Hill ! " 

At Fisher s Hill, Sheridan s men did both. They not 
not only drove the enemy, but they could also say, " We 
kept the Hill." 

Sheridan had lost thus far about 52 men killed, 457 
wounded, and 19 missing: in all 528. The Nineteenth 
Corps had lost 15 killed, 86 wounded, and 13 missing. 

Early reported 30 killed, 210 wounded, and 995 missing. 
Sheridan reported iioo prisoners. 

The loss of the Third Cavalry in the taking of Fisher s 
Hill was slight : only one man killed and two wounded. 

Early had but little heart to again attempt to meet 
Sheridan in the open. He was preparing to make a 
stand at Mt. Jackson ; but Averill s Cavalry came up so 
quickly that Early changed his mind, and ran off toward 
New Market without unnecessary delay. 

Lee now sent reinforcements to assist Early in his 
desperate attempt to withstand Sheridan. Kershaw had 
come to his relief. Marching from Culpepper, through 
Swift Run Gap, he had joined Early on the 26th of Sep 
tember. At this place, some of Early s cavalry had 
come in from the Luray Valley, and Lomax from Har- 
risonburg. 

Sheridan now decided to pass beyond Harrisonburg, 
and once more give Early a sample of the fighting quali 
ties of his army. Torbert, with Wilson and Lowell, had 
gone up as far as Waynesboro, and had come in contact 
with Kershaw, marching to the relief of Early. 

On September 29th, Sheridan ordered the Nineteenth 
Corps to Mount Crawford to support Torbert in his 



212 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

movements there. The Third Cavalry moved with the 
Second Division, and arrived at Mount Crawford. Grant 
now suggested to Sheridan that he had better go to 
Staunton and Charlottesville. Instead, Sheridan, who 
had a different plan, sent the cavalry to Staunton, de 
stroyed the railroad and a flouring-mill, and began that 
terrible work of devastation of the Shenandoah Valley. 
After this had been accomplished, Sheridan was to leave 
Crook in the Valley, and transfer the rest of his army to 
the lines of Grant near Petersburg. 

On the 6th of October, very early in the morning, 
Sheridan began his retreat from Mount Crawford, down 
the Valley, toward Cedar Creek. The cavalry covered 
the rear, burning everything in sight that could be used 
to sustain life in man or beast. Early, no doubt, was 
surprised at this movement of Sheridan. As soon as he 
discovered it, he followed on. Powers Cavalry was now 
with him, and the whole Confederate army began tread 
ing on the heels of Torbert s Union Cavalry. 

On the loth of October, the Third Cavalry reached 
Cedar Creek, went into camp, and began to throw up 
earthworks. 

Grant now desired Sheridan to plan a movement 
against Charlottesville. The government wanted him to 
rebuild the railways in his rear. Halleck advised, and 
even ordered him to fortify and heavily provision every 
position Grant had wished him to occupy. So many 
and varied were the theories advanced that Sheridan 
was finally ordered to Washington, to confer with the 
authorities as to the most feasible thing to do. Had 
Sheridan known how near the army of Early was, and 
what was the wily Confederate General s plan, it is 
doubtful if Sheridan had consented to go to Washington 
at all. 

Grant now called for the Sixth Corps to come to 



BATTLE OF THE OPEQUON. 213 

Petersburg. Sheridan had already ordered Wright to 
march to Alexandria, via Ashby s Gap. Wright had 
already started. 

In the meantime Early was creeping down the Valley, 
toward the Union camp. Sheridan, nor Grant, nor any 
one in Washington knew of his whereabouts. Perhaps 
they thought he had been subdued, and would no longer 
dare to measure swords with the Northern army. In 
this they were mistaken. Thus, while some thought 
him to be at Gordonsville, and others at Charlottesville, 
and others still at Brown s Gap, Early was really coming 
dangerously near the victors of Opequon and Fisher s 
Hill. 

Thus, while the Sixth Corps was on its way, toward 
Alexandria, and Sheridan himself was in Washington, 
Early sent his cavalry to spy out the position of the 
Northern army, encamped in fancied security on the 
farther bank of Cedar Creek. 

In his admirable history of the Nineteenth Corps, Col 
onel Irwin has this sentence concerning Early and his 
army. The first news of Early s presence within two 
miles of the Union camp, at the very moment when he 
was thought to be sixty miles away on the line of the 
Virginia Central Railway, was brought by the shells his 
artillery suddenly dropped among the tents of Crook." 

When these shells disturbed the serenity of Crook s 
camp, the cavalry of Sheridan was dispatched to punish 
the gunners who had dared to throw them. 

It was decided to capture the Confederate battery, 
but the infantry of Kershaw was met, who put up such 
a stiff fight that the Northern troopers were compelled 
fall back. Custer was also attacked by Confederate 
cavalry, and his men were given to understand that 
Early s army was not sufficiently whipped as to refuse 
to measure sabres with Sheridan s cavaliers. 



214 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Sheridan now yielded to Grant s desire for a forward 
movement toward Gordonsville, or Charlottesville. Ac 
cordingly, and fortunately for the army of the Shenan- 
doah, Sheridan recalled Wright, who had set out for 
Alexandria, and ordered him to bring the Sixth Corps 
to Cedar Creek. On October I4th, Wright came 
into camp on the right and rear of the Nineteenth 
Corps. 

Events were now shaping for a new and startling 
page of history. OYi October isth, Sheridan rode 
with Merritt to Front Royal, intending to go to Wash 
ington, to see the Secretary of War. Before leav 
ing Front Royal, however, he read a bit of news that 
doubtless stirred his blood : " Be ready to move as soon 
as my forces join you, and we will crush Sheridan. 
Signed, Longstreet." This message had been reported 
by an officer from Wright. It had been read off by 
some signal officer from the Confederate flags on Three- 
Top Mountain. 

Sheridan returned his cavalry to Cedar Creek, keep 
ing only an escort, and hurried by rail to Washington, 
after first warning Wright to be on his guard against 
Early, and to be ready in case he was attacked. 

Sheridan was now in Washington. He arrived in the 
morning, and, in the afternoon was ready to return to 
the army. At about sunset on October 1 7th, the writer 
was detailed with others to act as a bodyguard to Sheri 
dan when he should leave the city. 

A special train was in readiness at the station of the 
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. The bodyguard entered 
first, and were seated. At length Sheridan came in, and 
with him, several officers. They took seats at the oppos 
ite end of the car, Sheridan occupying the last seat, and 
facing the bodyguard. This gave the writer a good 
opportunity to study his features. The pictures of 







BATTLE OF THE OPEQUON. 215 

Sheridan do not, as a rule, represent him as he looked 
at that time. Then he wore a beard, 
and looked quite thin. The train start 
ed. Out into the darkness, on to the 
Relay House, then to Harper s Ferry, 
and then to Martinsburg, reaching the 
latter city about 12 o clock at night. 

In the meantime Early was perfect- 
SHERIDAN. ing his plans. Ascending to the top 
AS he append ; IS 6 4 . of Three-Top Mountain, he was ex 
amining the position and camp of the Union Army. 
Early now had definite information on which to act. He 
would steal down upon this camp and under cover of 
night he would surprise them in their beds ; he would 
retaliate with Sheridan for having trounced him so se 
verely at Opequon and Fisher s Hill. 

On the night before the battle of Cedar Creek he sent 
Gordon with Ramseur and Pegram on this important 
mission. They were to cross the Shenandoah, near 
Fisher s Hill, recross near Cedar Creek and then creep 
ing up nearer the Union army they were to spring upon 
the Northern troops and rout and crush Sheridan beyond 
recovery. Among the daring features of this deep-laid 
plot was that assigned to Payne s Confederate Cavalry. 
They were to dash through the Union lines, ride 
straight up to the. Bell Grove House, capture Sheridan, 
and make themselves monarchs of all they surveyed. 
It was a bold and venturesome scheme devised by a bold 
and venturesome man. 



CHAPTER XV. 



BATTLE OF CEDAR CREEK. 



Location of Camp Cedar Creek a Surprise Position of the Troops Early s 
Plot Gordon and Kershaw Creeping Up Thoburn Surprised Stampede of 
the Eighth Corps The Nineteenth Corps Pressed Back The Third Cavalry 
Supports the Artillery Wright Orders a Retreat The Middletown Ceme 
tery Emory at Red Hill Sheridan s Arrival The Army Inspired Sheri 
dan Rides Down the Line " Back to Your Camps " Charge of the Third 
Cavalry Early Routed The Cavalry Pursues Capture of Artillery etc. 
Many Prisoners Taken Great Rejoicing Sheridan s Losses Death of 
Lieut. James The Victory in Song "Thanksgiving." 

THE Battle of Cedar Creek was one of the great sur 
prises of the Civil War. It was a two-fold surprise. 
Sheridan was surprised to learn that Early was so near, 
and Early was surprised to learn that Sheridan was so 
far away. The Union army was surprised at the rapid 
ity with which the enemy came ; the enemy was sur 
prised at the rapidity with which he (the enemy) went. 

The Federals were surprised at the ease with which 
the enemy captured the camp of the Nineteenth Corps ; 
the Confederates were surprised at the ease with which 
the Nineteenth Corps retook their camp. It was an all- 
round surprise, which redounded to the honor of Sheri 
dan, and the glory of his victorious army. 

Cedar Creek was a good place for water, but a bad 
place for a fight. Sheridan did not like the location, and 
said so several times, The camping-ground of the Nine 
teenth Corps was not far from the junction of Cedar 



BATTLE OF CEDAR CREEK. 2 17 

Creek and the Shenandoah. Crook, with the Eighth 
Corps held the wooded heights on the left. Emory was on 
a hill whose summit was an hundred and fifty feet above 
the bed of the Creek. Here Emory had planted his ar 
tillery. A little farther north was Newtown. On the 
right of Emory s Corps was Dwight ; and on the left was 
Grover. The front line was made up of the sturdy men 
commanded by Thomas, Molineux, Birge and Macauley. 
Ricketts commanded the Sixth Corps and Wright com 
manded the army. Behind the Sixth corps was Merritt, 




CEDAR CREEK, VA. 

and the impetuous Custer, watching the roads and cross 
ings. 

It is almost inconceivable that such an army could 
be surprised in the way it was. Torbert, Emory and 
Crook were all on the watch. Pickets were posted. 
Each and all were vigilant. One thing, however, seems 
to have been lacking. There were no Union cavalry 
between Sheridan s camp and Early s army. Official 
reports tell us that there was not a horseman between 
the infantry at Cedar Creek and Jubal Early s camp, at 
or beyond Fisher s Hill. Emory had for some time been 
p 



2l8 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

uneasy over the tranquility of the Union army. His 
uneasiness had been increased by what Thomas had 
told him. A group of men in citizens dress had been 
seen moving about Huff s Hill, looking over the Union 
camp. Wright now sent out a force of cavalry, to find 
out, if possible, the whereabouts of Early s army. Had 
they succeeded in doing this, the day before, they had 
saved the army much trouble, the day after. 

Gordon now crossed the Shenandoah. The Confed 
erates were getting nearer the Union lines. Halting 
a short time, for a little rest, they took up their line of 
march toward the fords ; and, at 3 o clock in the morning, 
ran against Moore s outlying brigade ; pressed on to the 
white house, known as " Cooley s," which Gordon had 
seen from the summit of Three-Top. He was now 
hardly 300 yards from the Union army. Quietly, but 
quickly, Gordon arranged his three divisions for a grand 
attack. In five minutes more, he would be inside the 
lines of Sheridan s army. 

At half-past three, on that morning, Jubal Early stood 
near the banks of Cedar Creek, with Kershaw at his 
back. The long shadows of the full moon fell across his 
warriors as they marched along on their hazardous 
mission. In front of Early and Kershaw were the sleep 
ing soldiers of Thoburn. Cedar Creek was now crossed 
in safety, and no alarm had been given in the Union 
camp. 

Wharton crept up s-tealthily toward Sheridan s camp. 
All of Early s lieutenants were now waiting for the signal 
to strike. A light fog helped them in their approach to 
the sleeping army in their front. 

It had been a custom in the Nineteenth Army Corps 
to " stand at arms " at daybreak, when in the enemy s 
country. Molineux was up and dressed. His men, in 
cluding the Third Massachusetts Cavalry, hadiust eaten 



BATTLE OF CEDAR CREEK. 2IQ 

their breakfast, and were preparing to go out on a recon- 
noissance. Emory was awake ; his horses were being 
saddled ; when, suddenly, a startling sound broke upon 
the morning air. A tremendous roar of musketry was 
the first salutation that came from the advancing enemy. 
Kershaw had reached the camp of Thoburn. Then 
came a terrible yell. Before the men could fire their 
guns ; before the cannoneers could reach their pieces ; 
before the soldiers had time to think, the Confeder 
ates were upon them. They swarmed over the earth 
works. They carried everything by storm; and Thor- 
burn s soldiers were sent flying in confusion to the rear. 
Their camp was taken. Kershaw had triumphed. A 
complete surprise had been sprung upon this brigade of 
Sheridan s army. He had taken everything. A moment 
before he had no guns ; now he had seven pieces of artil 
lery. Now Kershaw turned these captured cannon upon 
Emory and the panic-stricken fugitives ; and his triumph 
seemed complete. 

Molineux than whom no braver man ever drew 
sword, as he heard the rifles of Kershaw s men, ordered 
his brigade into the rifle-pits. Emory ordered the Nine 
teenth Corps to " Stand to arms." Riding toward the left, 
he sought, if p3ssible, to find the reason for this sudden 
tumult. Emory ordered Molineux to send two regiments 
to support the artillery planted on the left, commanding 
the bridge. The two regiments selected were the 
Twenty-second Iowa and the Third Massachusetts Cav 
alry. Hardly had the order of Emory been executed than 
the enemy s shells came flying over the heads of the 
men and among the guns. Emory was thunder-stricken! 
He saw that Thoburn s camp had been surprised and 
captured, and that his brigade had been compelled to 
fly. Grover now appeared upon the scene, and Crook ; 
and, later, Wright. Thoburn s men went streaming by. 



22O THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

But another surprise was in store for these four Union 
generals. Another noise was heard this time, on the left 
and rear. It came from Gordon s men, who had crept up 
to Crook s camp, and outflanked Hayes and Kitching. 
Thus was the army of Sheridan attacked at two points, 
on a foggy morning, before the troops had time to grasp 
their rifles, or man their guns. 

And now a solid line of battle came on against the 
the troops of Crook. Not a shot from any picket or 
skirmisher had put Crook on his guard. No alarm had 
sounded. The enemy came like a thief in the night. 
Crook now tried to form his men in line of battle- The 
effort failed. Roused from their slumbers, the first sight 
that greeted them was the rushing fugitives. It was sad 
to see these veterans of many battles, shaken before the 
charge of Gordon s men, join in the general flight, with 
out hardly stopping to return the enemy s fire. 

The Nineteenth Corps was now beset both by Ker- 
shaw and Gordon. These Confederate leaders had 
made a good beginning. They had done well in carry 
ing out Early s plan for surprising and crushing Sheri 
dan s Army. Early himself was not far away, and had 
sent artillery to reinforce Gordon and Kershaw at the 
left and rear of the Nineteenth Corps. Early rejoiced at 
what he saw. 

Rosser s Carbines were also busy. Wright now sent a 
strong force into the valley road, toward the sound of 
the roaring battle. Emory sent Thomas into the ravine 
and the wood beyond the road. " Stand fast at all haz 
ards ! " were his words to the brave Vermonters. Thomas 
stood up bravely before the terrific shock, but was finally 
forced to yield the ground and fall back. 

Kershaw s men now tried to capture the colors of the 
Eighth Vermont. Several times they fell, and as many 
times, willing hands snatched them up, and bore them 



BATTLE OF CEDAR CREEK. 221 

onward through the smoke of battle. Three color-bear 
ers fell in the desperate conflict. Before the sun set that 
day two men out of every three, in the Eighth Vermont, 
had fallen ! 

It was a fearful struggle ! Kershaw came on ; Gordon 
advanced. Forty pieces of Early s artillery were now 
sending shot and shell into the fleeing troops. One by 
one, the brigades of the Nineteenth Corps gave way. 
They could not stand before such a fearful storm. Yet 
while they yielded ground, and went backward, they did 
so slowly, and maintained their different organizations in 
very fine and heroic style. They were not stampeded. 

Now Molineux moved his brigade from the rifle-pits 
by the right flank, and they took their position near Belle 
Grove on the right of the Sixth Corps. Emory now en 
deavored to arrest the progress of Gordon s men. New 
York troops were posted near the road, on a commanding 
knoll. Molineux also was sent to strengthen this posi 
tion, and to resist the Confederate advance. On came 
the enemy. Death-shots fell thick and fast. General 
Dan Macauley fell wounded. Birge was pressed back, 
and the whole line was shaken hard by the oncoming 
foe. The army had suffered heavily. 

Haley s Artillery had lost forty-nine horses ; the First 
Maine Battery had left three guns behind ; and the Fifth 
New York Battery had also abandoned three more. At 
about the same time, three guns of the Seventeenth 
Indiana, and two guns of the Rhode Island Battery 
were lost. General Grover was now wounded- Emory 
had two horses shot under him. Colonel Sargent s horse 
was killed. The regiment had suffered severely. Men 
had been dropping right and left, killed and wounded. 
At length the regiment retreated with the Nineteenth 
Corps toward Middletown. 

It was a sad hour for all when they turned their backs 



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224 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

to the Confederates and their faces toward the Potomac. 
They left their camp, and many comrades, to the tender 
mercies of the foe. For a while the Commander of the 
Nineteenth Corps went afoot. Birge was seen riding a 
mule. Emory had lost eleven guns, Crook seven, and 
the Six th Corps was soon to lose six more. 

General Wright, who, in Sheridan s absence, com 
manded the army, found himself in a tight place. He 
must do something, and do it quickly, if he would save 
the army from utter ruin. He decided, prudently, to fall 
back to a safer position, where his flanks would not be 
exposed, re-form the lines, and prepare to give the enemy 
battle on new ground. 

Middletown was a better place than Cedar Creek for 
the new line of battle. If he should seek this position, 
the cavalry could aid him greatly. Accordingly, the 
order was given to retreat toward Middletown. 

On the southern edge of the town, near the village 
cemetery, Getty planted the artillery. A warm reception 
was in store for Early should he come that way. Emory 
now marched his men from Belle Grove Hill, across 
Meadow Brook, and re-formed his line on the .crest of Red 
Hill. At this place, for nearly an hour, Emory stood 
confronted by Gordon, who dared not attack. This 
bold stand of Emory, at Red Hill, gave Wright time to 
re-form his lines. Emory now moved his men across to 
the Cemetery, and came in on the west of Getty. Thus, 
around the Middletown Cemetery, at 7.30 in the morn 
ing of October 19, 1864, was gathered the Army of the 
Shenandoah, waiting for the flushed troops of Early to 
appear. While waiting for the appearance of the Con 
federates, Wright deployed his lines, and Emory fortified 
his front as best he could with rails and stones. The sun 
had now risen ; the fog had disappeared. Early was los 
ing time. Many of his soldiers were busy plundering 



BATTLE OF CEDAR CREEK. 225 

the camp they had captured, and filling themselves with 
the good things they had found in the sutlers stores. 

Another retreat was now in store for the Union army, 
From the Cemetery Wright ordered the army to fall 
back to the "Old Forge Road," this being a more advan 
tageous place than the former site. The Nineteenth 
Corps had now retreated four miles. Five hours had 
passed since Kershaw s fire had surprised the camp of 
Thoburn. The retreat was at an end. 

Of course, Early followed. Moving forward, he neared 
the Cemetery at Middletown, and posted his troops be - 
hind the stone walls. Two courses were open to the 
Confederate leader : He must either extricate his army 
from its present position, with Wright in front and Cedar 
Creek in his rear, before the Union army should ad 
vance, or else he must strike that army before it had 
time to form in its new and more favorable position. 

The men who now stood across Early s pathway 
were among the best soldiers in the army. They had 
been tried in many fields, and had not been found want 
ing. The were ready to face Early and his intrepid sol 
diers, and to them Wright and Emory now looked to 
save the day. It was a critical time. 

A story is told of a certain dog, who used to attack 
people furiously, as they passed his master s premises. 
His bark was savage ; his bite was more savage than his 
bark. He would not only attack people, but ofttimes 
would carry off mouthfuls of some article of wearing 
apparel. Naturally enough, the people grew a little 
nervous when that particular dog was near, They 
wanted him removed from the neighborhood. At length 
a petition was gotten up, signed by all who had suffered 
from the dog s attacks. They wanted the dog killed. 
They gave this as a reason : " They wanted to get back 
some of their things!" 



226 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

So the Third Cavalry felt at Middletown and the Old 
Forge Road. Jubal Early had attacked them furiously. 
He had taken much valuable property. They had grown 
a little nervous because of his treatment of them in the 
early morning. They wanted him and his army out of 
the way. They were ready for decisive action. They 
wanted to get back some of their things. 

Military writers have guessed what might have hap 
pened that day if Sheridan had not arrived when he did. 
No man can prophesy what would have happened had 
Early charged the Union lines one hour before. Great as 
had been Early s surprise to the Union army in the morn 
ing, a greater surprise was now in store for Early and his 
men. 

It has been said that the chariot of God s providence 
does not run on broken wheels. It was no accident that 
brought Sheridan to the front on that eventful day, in 
October, 1864. 

An unexpected element now enters into the problem 
before the contending armies. A sudden noise is heard. 
It comes from far down the road. It sounds like the 
cheers of men. Louder and louder comes the sound of 
human voices. Then the name of Sheridan is heard! 
The great commander is approaching! His foaming 
steed is coming up the road from Winchester ! The 
flying soldiers recognize their leader! The surging 
crowd are halted by his commanding voice. " Hurrah 
for Sheridan!" is the cry " Turn the other way !" said 
Little Phil. " Park the wagons ! Put a guard across the 
road ! " The master of the situation was on the ground, 
and all was changed. 

When Sheridan left the train he went to the camp, slept 
that night at Martinsburg, and rode the next morning 
up the road to Winchester. This was on October i8th. 
He had intended to pass the day at Winchester in 



BATTLE OF CEDAR CREEK. 227 

company with a couple of engineers he had brought with 
him from Washington. About six in the morning he 
heard heavy firing at the front, but thought little of it. 
At half-past nine, he heard more cannon, and became 
uneasy. Mounting " Rienzi, " his favorite horse, he 
started out from Winchester to join the army he had left 
some fourteen miles away. 

Near Abraham s Creek he began to meet the strag 
glers. " What can this mean ? " he thought. Sheridan 
now recalled what Wright had told him of that myster 
ious despatch of Longstreet s : " Be ready when I join 
you, and we will crush Sheridan. " "What shall I do ? 
said he to himself. " Shall I re-form and fight Early at 
Winchester, or rally my defeated army and fight him at 
Cedar Creek ?" What he did all the world knows. For 
on that day he inspired his men by his magnetic pres 
ence more than they could have been by the arrival of 
an army corps. 

At 12.30 Sheridan was ready to act. His lines had 
been re-formed and posted advantageously. At Major 
Forsyth s suggestion, Sheridan rode down the lines. 
The men went wild ! Cheer after cheer broke forth, and 
rolled from regiment to regiment, as he passed along. 
He was the idol of the army. He had the confidence of 
all. The enthusiasm knew no bounds. Confidence was 
restored. The men were eager for action. 

It is doubtful if ever an army of soldiers was so com 
pletely transformed by one man into an irresistible ava 
lanche. Flags were waving, men threw up their caps. 
All shouted for joy, for the victorious leader had arrived. 
It was an auspicious moment. 

Sheridan had great confidence in the Nineteenth 
Corps. At Cedar Creek, when things looked rather du 
bious for the moment, Sheridan did not lose faith in 
Emory and his troops. " Don t you worry, " he ex. 



228 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

claimed; "Don t you fret. I ve got the Nineteenth 
Corps, and I can lick them with that ! " 

Sheridan at once advanced his lines. There was to be 
no more retreat. The whole army felt the effect of this 
first movement. About this time Custer put in some 
good work with the cavalry, And now came the order 
to " Move forward ! " " Back to your camp ! " was Sheri 
dan s watchword, and every man was eager to obey. 

Back over the ground the had lost; back through Mid- 
dletown Cemetery, and past Red Hill; back upon the 
columns of Gordon and Kershaw, moved the intrepid 
soldiers of the Sixth and the Nineteenth Corps. The 
Confederates objected, but their objections were over 
ruled. Early fought hard, but his fighting was of no 
avail. Sheridan had started to go back to his camp, and 
would " get there just the same." 

Now the left centre of the Union line wavered. Moli- 
neux with the Third Cavalry was there. When the 
order came to " Move forward," Colonel Sargent s voice 
rang out along the line, "Forward!" and every man 
obeyed. In front of the regiment was a breastwork of 
rails. Over these works sprang the men, eager to " Go 
back to their camp " with Sheridan. Volley after volley 
was poured into Early s ranks. The gallant Third sent 
up deafening shouts of victory. Kershaw s men were in 
front of them. 

Out of the hollow charged Molineux s men. Up the 
hill they rushed, driving Kershaw before them ! Across 
the " open," and over a stone wall, in spite of a fierce fire, 
the Third rushed on until Kershaw was routed, and the 
troops of Ramseur were panic stricken. The work had 
been nobly done, and Jubal Early s exultant victors of 
the morning were sent across the fields, "whirling, like a 
top, up the valley." 

The Cavalry pursued with vigor. Colonel Lowell had 



BATTLE OF CEDAR CREEK. 22Q 

fallen; but the brave troopers galloped forward, and se 
cured a large number of prisoners. A defective plank 
in the bridge near Strasburg caused many pieces of ar 
tillery to fall into Sheridan s hands. Seven battle- 
flags were captured ; 48 cannon, 52 caissons ; all the 
ambulances lost in the morning; many wagons; 24 guns 
lost earlier in the day; stacks of rifles, and about 1,200 
prisoners of war. Ramseur was mortally wounded, and 
died in the Union lines. Early himself, narrowly escaped 
capture at the hands of Torbert s Cavalry. Sheridan s 
army had reached the Camp, and the victory was com 
plete ! 

During the Battle of Shiloh, a German staff officer 
rode up to General Grant, saluted, and said, " General 
Schwartz battery is took ! " Grant gave little heed to 
the man s report. Again the German cried : " Schwartz 
Battery is took ! " Well, said Grant, "you spiked the 
guns, didn t you ? " "What s that you say ? " cried the 
German. " Spike them new guns ! We spiked no 
guns " "Well, what did you do ? " said Grant, with some 
degree of impatience. " We just rallied our forces ; and 
we charged upon the enemy, and we took them back 
again ; and, I say, General Grant, Schwartz Battery is 
took ! " 

At Cedar Creek, Sheridan rallied his forces, charged 
upon the enemy, and took back all he had lost in the 
morning, and much more beside. 

The losses of the Union army in the Battle of Cedar 
Creek were as follows : Killed, 644 ; wounded, 3,430 ; 
captured or missing, 1,591. Total, 5,665. 

The Nineteenth Corps lost 257 killed, 1,336 wounded; 
total, 1593. 

The Third Cavalry lost, in killed wounded and miss 
ing, 77 officers and men. Among the killed, was Lieu 
tenant Lyman James. 



230 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

It is useless to deny that some men ran at Cedar 
Creek. They were compelled to run. They ran for their 
lives. Many of them felt like the comrade who was in 
the Battle of Bull Run. Meeting a friend one day, the 
former said : " Were you in that battle ? " "Yes." " Did 
you run ? " " I did." " Did they all run ? " " No/ "What 
became of those who did not run ?" " They are there still." 

Great was the rejoicing throughout the North when 
the news came of Sheridan s victory at Cedar Creek^ 
The country was electrified. The news was encourag- 




SHERIDAN S HEADQUARTERS AT CEDAR CREEK. 

ing. At the White House, Lincoln read it, and was 
thankful that he had at last found generals who could 
win victories. Stanton read it at the War Department, 
saw that Sheridan was the right man in the right man 
place. Grant read it at City Point, and was gratified to 
know that his confidence in Sheridan had not been mis 
placed. Jeff Davis read it in Richmond, and in its light 
saw the handwriting on the wall of the Southern Con- 
deracy. 

While the Northern States were celebrating Sheridan s 
victory, the soldiers of the Army of the Shenandoah 
were also having a good time over the same event. Com 
rade George H. Rymill, who passed through the battle, 



BATTLE OF CEDAR CREEK. 



2 3 I 



thus writes about the celebration in the camp of the 
Third Cavalry : 

After the Battle of Cedar Creek, at Camp Russell, 
Comrade Savage, of Company K, Eighth Indiana, com 
posed some verses, and had permission from General 
Sheridan to go down to Winchester, and have a lot of 
them printed.* We took them over to our quarters 



* Battle of Cedar Creek, October 19th, 1864. 

BY C. A SAVAGE, Co. K, STH INDIANA. 



Old Early camped at Fisher s Hill, 
Resolved some Yankee blood to spill; 
He chose his time when Phil was 

gone, 
The Yankee camp to fall upon. 

Get out of the way, says Gen. Early 
I ve come to drive you from the 
Valley. 

At night, like thief, of sense bereft, 
He inarched his troops around our 

left, 

With orders strict unto his boys, 
To nothing take t would make a noise. 

While they were on their mission bent, 
We Yanks wers sleeping in our tents, 
Until the Rebs, with rousing volley 
Warned us to sleep was death and 
folly. 

Get out, &c. 

Old Early carried out his plan, 
Surprising Crook and his command, 
Who had not time their lines to form, 
So sudden came the rebel storm. 

Now when the Eight Corps all had run, 
Old Early thought it jovial fun ; 
But General Grover (bless his name) 
Said he would help them play the game. 
Get out, &c. 

He formed a line the pike along, 
To check old Early and his throng; 
And here he held the Rebs at bay, 
Till he was flanked from every way. 

This gave thj Sixth Corps time to form, 
Who bravely faced the rebel storm ; 
Till the Nineteenth Corps had time to 

rally, 

To stop the rebels in the Valley. 
Get out, &c. 



Now the Johnnies thought the vie. 

tory won, 

And their usual pillaging begun* 
Robbing the dead and wounded too, 
As none but Southern bloods can do. 

Now when the day was almost lost, 
God sends a reinforcing host; 
The host he sends is but a man, 
And that s the noble Sheridan. 

New turn your tune, says he to Early. 
You ve come too late to get the Valley. 

On, on he comes with lightning speed, 

Crying "Who has done this awful 
deed? 

He d better fare neath Southern 
skies, 

Who dares my sleeping camp sur 
prise." 

Get out of the way, says Phil to 

Early, 

You ve come too late to get the Val 
ley. 

But, hark! another sound is heard, 
And Liberty s the rallying word ; 
And every heart is filled with pride, 
To see their gallant leader ride. 

Saying, "Form quick, the fight renew, 
And see what right with wrong can do; 
By night our camp we will regain, 
And vengeance have for those that s 
slain." 

Then orders flew from left to right; 
And glorious was the evening sight; 
The rebels flew mid the cannon s roar, 
Lost all they d gained and thousands 
more. 



232 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

(Bugler), fitted them to a tune, and sang them around 
our camp-fires. We had quite an audience from the 
boys in camp. I sang the solo, and the boys joined in 
the chorus." 

A little later, there came to the regiment a time of 
feasting. A real " Thanksgiving" was at hand. The 
same comrade writes: 

"Soon after this episode we received turkeys for thanks 
giving from the good people north. The Boys in the 
field shared in the good time, eating. The allotment to 
our company was three ; and so, in order to make them 
spin out, we had to buy potatoes and onions, and make 
them into a stew. By that means we were enabled to get 
a good, gjnerous ration." 



CHAPTER XVI. 



LAST DAYS IN THE VALLEY. 



Breaking up of the Army Sheridan Reviews the Troops His Appreciation of his 
Soldiers Sheridan s Great Raid A Big Snow-Storm Hancock in Com 
mand The Regiment Remounted Sheridan s Prisoners The coming of 
Spring Sheridan Joins Grant Colonel Sargent Goes Home Burr Porter in 
Command Grant Breaks Lee s Lines Surrender of Lee Lincoln Assassin 
ated The Regiment Ordered to Washington Arrival at Fort Albany In 
Camp at Fall s Church Muster-out of Original Members. 

THE time was now approaching when the victorious 
Army of the Shenandoah was to be disorganized, and its 
detachments sent to other fields. One more grand 
review was to be witnessed, however, before the break 
ing up began. 

On November yth, Sheridan assembled his troops on 
the battlefield of Cedar Creek, and looked for the last 
time upon the gallant men of the Nineteenth Corps 
Sheridan had a good opinion of these valiant soldiers. 
Many times he had had occasion to speak in terms of 
commendation of Emory s command, and now at the 
Review of November yth, he gave expression to his feel 
ings in regard to the men who had come from Louisiana 
to make his victorious Valley Campaign possible. Sheri 
dan appreciated the Nineteenth Corps, and the corps ap 
preciated Sheridan. 

November Qth, the army once more changed its camp 
Q 



234 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

and fell back to Kernstown. On this day the Third Cav 
alry marched twelve miles through Newtown to the vicin 
ity of the battlefield of Opequon, not far from Winchester. 
It was Sheridan s intention to go into winter quarters, as 
the time for active operations had passed. Early, however, 
disarranged his plans somewhat by sending Rosser s Cav 
alry down the Valley to ascertain the significance of 
Sheridan s retrograde movement. Early had imagined 
that a part of Sheridan s army- had gone to reinforce Grant. 
Torbert s Cavalry was sent out to meet Rosser. Falling 




SHERIDAN S HEADQUARTERS AT KERNSTO\\N. 

upon both flanks of the Confederate cavalry, Torbert 
gave Rosser a most unmerciful drubbing, and sent him 
back to report to his chieftain that Sheridan s army was 
still in the Valley, and ready for any engagement Early 
wished to make with Sheridan. The advance of Dudley s 
Brigade to the support of Torbert led Early to believe 
that Sheridan s army was intact, and that none of his 
troops had gone to Petersburg. It was during this 
movement of Dudley that the Nineteenth Corps lost its 
last man in the Valley. 

Winter was now approaching, Early sent Kershaw 
back to help Lee, at Petersburg. Early was soon ordered 
to send all of his men to resist Grant on Lee s front, 



LAST DAYS IN THE VALLEY. 235 

and Grant ordered Sheridan to send the Sixth Corps to 
help him to break through Lee s lines to the south of 
Richmond. 

When the Third Cavalry went into camp at Opequon 
Creek, they began to build earthworks and construct log 
cabins for winter quarters. The men naturally inferred 
that the regiment would spend the winter in that place. 
Events in Grant s army, however, caused Sheridan to 
change his plans, and, late in December, he decided to 
move his troops toward Harper s Ferry. This would be 
safer for the army, and nearer his base of supplies. 

Five days before the army moved, the Third Cavalry 
was ordered to guard an artillery train to Harper s Ferry. 
From the latter place the regiment proceeded to " Re. 
mount Camp." On the last day of the year, a heavy 
snow-storm set in, and the roads were filled with snow 
and mud. In marching from Harper s Ferry to Re 
mount Camp the men waded through slush and mud, 
ankle-deep, 38 miles. Many of Sheridan s troops suffered 
severely from the cold. Camp Russell was abandoned, 
and the whole army was soon encamped near " Steven 
son s." Winter quarters were now constructed of mate 
rials cut from the forests and furnished by the Quarter 
master. 

On the 6th of January, 1865, Grover s Division was 
sent to Savannah. Sheridan now took 10,000 troopers, 
and marched to Lynchburg, Charlottesville, and Gordons- 
ville, to join Grant at City Point. With the close of the 
year, the Third Cavalry completed six months service as 
infantry. 

After Sheridan left the Shenandoah Valley for Peters 
burg, Hancock was sent from Washington to take Sheri 
dan s place. Only a small part of the Nineteenth Corps 
now remained. McMillan was at Summit Point; Dwight 
and Emory at Stevenson s, 



236 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

On the i4th of March, Emory reviewed his old corps 
for the last time. On March 2oth, it was dissolved. 
Emory went to Cumberland, where he assumed com 
mand of that Department. 

It was very natural that the officers and men of the 
Third Cavalry should desire once more to be mounted, 
At a critical time in the history of the war, they had been 
dismounted and hurried north to the defence of the 
national capital. They did not surrender their horses 
without profound regret. These faithful animals had 
carried them through the Red River Campaign in safety ; 
and it was with difficulty that the men turned away from 
their trusty friends. Indeed, so tenderly had they be 
come attached to them, that when they left them behind 
at Morganza, some of the men shed tears. 

Now, however, the crisis was passed. The regiment 
had served loyally as infantrv during the triumphant 
campaign now closed; and, naturally, looked to the 
commanding general for the order that would once 
more make them cavalry, in fact as well as in name. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Vinal used his influence to bring 
this to pass ; and was, at length, rewarded for his toil. 

One of the last things Sheridan did before he left the 
Valley, was to issue an order by which the Third Cav 
alry was again mounted. 

Speaking of the regiment, and its experiences as dis 
mounted cavalry, Sheridan said to its commanding officer: 
" I am now thoroughly convinced that great injustice has 
been done your gallant regiment. It was a feat unpar- 
alelled during the war. But when it is understood that 
yours was a cavalry regiment and dismounted at 
that all military men must recognize its action as be 
yond all praise." 

On December 28th, the regiment arrived at Remount 
Camp; and on February 15th, the horses for the men ar 
rived. In the meantime the men were hard at work, build 



LAST DAYS IN THE VALLEY. 237 

ing their winter homes. Two weeks were occupied in this 
work, and at length, comfortable quarters were secured. 
On February i8th, carbines, revolvers, saddles, bridles 
and blankets were issued, to the great delight of all. 
With the coming of these horses and equipments came 
also a new set of State colors. On these were the names 
of the various battles in which the regiment had borne 
a conspicuous and honorable part. These colors were 
presented to the regiment on the 2ist of February, 1865. 

During the winter, the Confederate Cavalry were not 
idle. Mosby was in the saddle, and sometimes made 
things lively for Northern soldiers. His operations were 
not carried on with any degree of regularity, nor on a 
very large scale. Sometimes he would dash through the 
Union lines, capture a tew pickets, and run off a few 
horses and mules. General Rosser was also anxious to 
get some glory for his men, and was, at times, even more 
daring than Mosby. One day he slipped across the 
Alleghanies into West Virginia, surprising the garrison 
of Beverly, capturing 400 men, many horses, and a large 
quantity of military stores. 

The most surprising and daring raid, however, made 
by the Confederate cavalry, during that winter of 64-65, 
occurred on the morning of the 2ist of February, 1865. 

On the very day when the new State colors came to 
the Third Cavalry at Re-mount Camp, a squad of Con 
federate cavalry dashed into Cumberland, Maryland ; 
captured General Kelley and General Crook in their 
beds, put them on horses, and hurried them off toward 
Richmond. This humiliating event caused the Union 
cavalry to be more than ever on the alert ; to make 
strong every picket line, and to watch unceasingly for 
any surprise the enemy might spring upon them. 

Soon after the regiment had been remounted, it was 
sent up the Valley to a place called Duffield s Station. 



2 3 8 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 



On the 25th of February, it relieved the Twentieth 
Pennsylvania Cavalry who had been on duty in that 
locality. While here, the men of the Third Cavalry 
picketed the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad and the turn 
pike, to guard against any surprises of the Confederates 

from that quarter. As 
Early had been in 
winter quarters at 
Staunton, with his 
outposts at New Mar 
ket, there was noth 
ing for the men to 
do, but to watch and 
wait for an enemy 
that did not appear. 
After picketing a- 
while the order came 
to " move forward," 
and on the 28th, the 
regiment proceeded 
up the Valley toward 
Winchester, taking 
the road through 
Charlestown, Smith- 
field and Bunker Hill. 
Spring was now ap 
proaching, and with 
its coming came 
greater activity, es 
pecially on the part 
of the cavalry. Sher- 

GRN. SHERIDAN S MOVEMENTS ix THE BIIBNA.NDOAII idan had One with 

10,000, but quite a 

force still remained under Torbert to watch Rosser and 
Wharton, who were still in the Valley. 



PISONBURG- SEPT. 
MTVORAWFORD S 




LAST DAYS IN THE VALLEY. 239 

On March ist, Colonel Sargent had orders to report to 
General Torbert at Winchester, and was assigned to 
Chapman s Brigade. Just outside Winchester was Camp 
Averill, and at this place the regiment tarried for a short 
time. 

Cavalry are oftentimes disturbed, while the rest of 
the army rest in peace. Being at the front, the Third 
was no exception to the general rule. On March 5th an 
alarm was sounded in the regimental camp, and one 
hundred men were dispatched, under Bunker and Pope, 
to ascertain the cause of the sudden commotion. After 
scouring the country for thirty miles, they returned to 
camp without loss, save in time and strength. 

General Sheridan made good time, and a good record, 
with his 10,000 troopers. He moved so rapidly that he 
arrived at Mount Crawford before the enemy could de 
stroy the bridge near that place ; then, crossing the Shen- 
andoah, he hurried through Staunton, struck Early at 
Waynesboro, routing him completely, and capturing 
some i, 600 prisoners, n guns, 17 flags and 200 loaded 
wagons. This was a heavy blow to Early. Indeed, one 
writer has said that " Little was left of Early s army, but 
Early himself." 

The prisoners (1,600) were sent back to Winchester, 
and, on March yth passed the camp of the Third Cavalry 
on their way to Harper s Ferry. These prisoners looked 
tired. They had had a hard time. Since Sheridan s 
arrival in the Valley, they had made several desperate 
attempts to get to Harper s Ferry; now they were going 
that way escorted by 1,500 Union Cavalry. 

Sheridan not only routed and captured the most of 
Early s Army at Waynesboro, but, sweeping on, he cap 
tured Charlottesville, without the loss of a man ; tore up 
the railroad, destroyed depots, manufactories, bridges 
and, in time, reached the James River, at or near 



240 THIRD MASSACHUSETtS CAVALRY. 

Scottsville. Then tearing up more railroad, and destroying 
the canal, he passed north of Lee s army ; around Rich 
mond, across the North and South Anna to the Pa- 
munkey; down this river to the "White House," and in 
a short time reported to Grant in front of Petersburg, on 
the 27th of March, 1865. He arrived just in time to take 
an active part in the stirring events preceding the sur 
render at Appomattox. 

The next day, after Sheridan s prisoners went by on 
their way to Harper s Ferry, the Third Cavalry was or 
dered to proceed toward Opequon Creek. Halting near 
Front Royal, Colonel Sargent established a strong 
picket line, at the same time sending forward a strong 
detachment to ascertain whether the stream was pas 
sable. As the creek was at this time swollen, further 
operations in this direction were abandoned, and the 
detachment sent forward, returned. 

About this time several important changes were made 
among the regimental officers. On December I2th, ! i864, 
Captain Fred G. Pope was made Major. February gth, 
following, Rev. Tyler C. Moulton became chaplain. On 
March i2th, 65, Colonel Sargent was obliged to resign 
from the service, on account of a serious trouble with his 
eyes. He had been with the regiment from the beginning 
He had shown himself a true soldier on many fields 
He had won the confidence and the esteem of every n a i 
in the regiment, and his departure was regarded with uni 
versal regret. Colonel Sargent received an honorable 
discharge on the Surgeon s certificate of disability. 

And now the question arose: " Who would be his suc 
cessor? " In the natural order, Lieutenant-Colonel Vinal 
was the man. He had worked zealously in his own city 
of New Bedford ; had raised a company of men ; had 
joined the regiment at Lynnfield, and had endured hard 
ness as a good soldier for nearly three years. He had 



LAST DAYS IN THE VALLEY. 24! 

been promoted twice, and was now the second in com 
mand. He was the logical successor of Sargent. 

Great, therefore, was the surprise of the men, when, on 
the 26th of March, Colonel Burr Porter of Massachu 
setts arrived in camp, and took command. Porter had 
been commissioned Colonel on the 2ist of March, 65, as 
the successor of our " beloved Sargent." 

With the coming of April, came good news from 
Grant s Army around Petersburg. The Confederacy 
was crumbling. The army that held it up was melting 
away. The surrender was not far off, and the return of 
peace was something more than a dream. 

Hancock now prepared to prevent the escape of any 
fragments of Lee s army via the Shenandoah Valley. 
On April 4th, he sent Dwight s Division to Camp 
Russell. On the 7th, he ordered them to Winchester. 
In the meantime, the cavalry was not idle. On the 
first day of April, more horses came to the regiment. 
The next day, Major Pope, with 200 men, went on a 
scouting expedition toward Woodstock. Here the ene 
my s cavalry were encountered, but no loss was sustained 
by Pope s command. The fourth of April found the 
Third once more at Cedar Creek. The men were glad 
to get another glimpse of this famous battle-ground, 
whose soil had been made sacred by the blood of some of 
its members, who on that field gave up their lives. The 
regiment now threw out pickets as far as Fisher s 
Hill. 

Grant had now broken through Lee s lines around 
Petersburg. Lee had retreated toward Lynchburg, and 
Richmond was in flames. Lincoln had marched in 
triumph through the Confederate capital, amid the pray 
ers and praises of multitudes of rejoicing freedmen. 

At midnight, on the gth of April, the news reached 
Winchester that Lee s army had surrendered to Grant. 



242 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

The end was in sight ! Home was not far off ! Scout 
ing parties were occasionally sent out, but fighting was 
at an end. 

Now came more startling news ; this time bringing a 
shock and sorrow to every man. Lincoln had been 
shot ! While sitting peacefully in Ford s Theatre, he 
had been fired upon by an assassin ! It was dreadful ! 
Next came the news that he was dead ! ! 

Every man s heart was in mourning, Every soldier 
felt that he had lost a friend. Some wept; others swore. 
All felt it to be a national calamity. 

It has been said that Lincoln, more than any Amer 
ican that ever lived, was " wrapped in a cloud of glory 
which no man could penetrate. " No sane man now 
doubts that Abraham Lincoln had been chosen by the 
God of Nations for a great and important work. The 
people called him " Honest Old Abe ; " the soldiers were 
accustomed to refer to him as " Father Abraham." On 
his shoulders rested a tremendous burden. He loved 
his country, and his prayer was for the whole nation. 
He bore no malice toward the South. As he saw the 
end coming, he planned with a sagacious statesmanship 
for the healing of the breach, and, for a complete and 
final restoration of the Union. 

On the 4th of March he had been inaugurated. For 
the second time, he had been summoned by the people 
to the highest seat of power and authority in the land. 
In that wonderful message given that day to the world 
Lincoln referred to the war, now, happily, closing: "Each 
looked for an easier triumph, and a result less funda 
mental and astounding. Both read the same Bible, and 
prayed to the same God. Fondly do we hope, fervently 
do we pray that this mighty scourge of war may speedily 
pass away." 

In this, his last message to the nation, he seems to 



LAST DAYS IN THE VALLEY. 243 

have had in mind his friends the enemy, south of the 
Mason and Dixon line: "With malice toward none, 
with charity for all, with firmness in the right, let 
us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind 
up the nation s wounds, to care for him who shall have 
borne the battle, and for his widow and his orphan, to do 
all which may achieve and cherish a just and a lasting 
peace among ourselves, and with all nations." 

When Booth shot Lincoln, he killed the South s best 
friend in all the world ! 

On the heel of Lee s surrender, came Johnston s, and 
after Johnston s, Kirby Smith s. On the lythof April, 
a detachment of the Third Cavalry interviewed Colonel 
Mosby, the famous Confederate raider, but no satis 
factory terms were agreed upon, and the effort was a 
failure. 

Following the assassination of Lincoln, there was 
great excitement in and around Washington. The army 
was called upon to guard every road leading from Wash 
ington out into the country, lest the assassin might 
escape. 

A continuous line of sentries was stretched around 
the Capital for thirty-five miles. On the 2oth of April, 
the Third Cavalry was ordered to Washington. Start 
ing from near Berryville, the men marched through 
Jeffersonville and Harper s Ferry; then, crossing the 
Potomac, they passed through Frederic City, Mono- 
cacy, and Rockville, arriving at Fort Albany, near Alex 
andria, on the afternoon of the 22nd. Arrived at Fall s 
Church tha next day, and went into camp. On the 24th 
the dismounted men arrived. 

Large bodies of troops were about Washington. 
White tents met the eye on every hand. Army wagons 
and artillery were parked on the southern bank of the 
Potomac. During the evening hours, a thousand camp- 



244 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

fires blazed up into the blackness of the night ; and when 
the morning broke, the notes of the bugler woke two 
hundred thousand warriors from their dreams. Songs, 
stories, jokes, and dreams of home now entered into the 
experiences of the returning regiments. Everybody was 
happy. The long looked-for result had come, and the 
boys were going home. 



CHAPTER XVII, 



THE GRAND REVIEW. 



Assembling of Armies How the Men Looked Their Number and Exploits The 
Third Cavalry Crosses Long Bridge The First Day s Parade Army of the 
Potomac Sheridan s Cavalry The Third Cavalry on Pennsylvania Avenue 
Sheridan s Love for the Nineteenth Corps Sherman s Army in Review 
Custer s Horse Frightened Sherman an-d the Roses The Flag of the Third 
Cavalry. 

THE victorious armies of the Union were now in the 
vicinity of Washington. Grant had arranged that a 
general review of both the Armies of the Potomac and of 
Sherman s Army should be witnessed in the national 
capital. 

Meade had inarched his men from Petersburg and Rich 
mond to the banks of the Potomac. Burnside, with the 
Ninth Corps, was not far away. Sheridan had brought 
the Cavalry, and Sherman had come up from the Caro- 
linas to take part in the imposing demonstration. Sher 
man s Army alone numbered 65,000 men. It was said by 
some to have been the finest army in the world. 

It was the writer s privilege to witness, with thousands 
more, this grand review of the veteran legions of the 
four year s struggle. He saw them as they marched 
shoulder to shoulder along Pennsylvania Avenue, to the 
music of the bands. Four years before they had marched, 
regiment after regiment, through northern cities, down to 
the seat of war. Then their banners were new and bright, 



246 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

their arms polished, their faces youthful and fresh, their 
step elastic and firm. Two of their number, Ladd and 
Whitney, had, during their journey South, fallen in the 
streets of Baltimore. The gallant Ellsworth had been 
shot while in the Jackson House at Alexandria. These 
were the earlier sacrifices of that terrible fraticidal war. 

The list had been greatly lengthened since those days 
of 61. More than 60,000 had been killed in battle; 43,000 
and more had died of wounds; 199,000 had been swept 
off the earth by the hand of disease. The war for the 
Union had cost, in round numbers, 350,000 lives! 

Into the mighty armies that had fought and won, a 
million and a half of men had gone. On both sides, 
more than two million had abandoned the pursuits of 
peace, and had taken up arms in defence of what each 
supposed was right. In the settlement of the dispute, 
fully a million of men were sacrificed. When the war 
closed, a million of men, were under arms, led by Union 
generals. Many of these were now marching through 
the streets of Washington. 

" So from the fields they won 

Our men were marching home. 

A million were marching home, 
To the cannon s thundering din, 

And banners on mast and dome." 

On the day before the Grand Review, the regiment 
passed through Washington. Crossing the Long Bridge, 
they joined Sheridan s Cavalry north of the city near 
Bladensburg. Washington was all astir. Flags, lace, 
white gloves and dashing orderlies were seen on every 
hand. On the day of the review, May 23rd, the men 
rose early. Some were up at 3 o clock in the morning, 
At 7.30 the regiments were inspected and at 9 o clock 
the army was ready to move. 



THE GRAND REVIEW. 247 

" The armies have broken camp. 

On the vast and sunny plain, 
With steady, measured tramp 

They re marching all again," 

The first to pass was the Army of the Potomac. In 
those serried ranks were the heroes of the Peninsula, 
when McClellan led. There were the regiments who 
charged the bloody slopes of Antietam, and drove back 
to the Potomac that first strong, invading tide. There 
were the troops who, on that cold December day in 62, 
charged Marye s Heights, when Burnside was repelled 
by a stronger foe above. 

Then came the men who bared their breasts, at Chan- 
cellorsville, when Hooker met defeat; who stood three 
days with Meade for God and native land at Gettys 
burg; who crossed the Rapidan with Grant; who fought 
at the Wilderness, and Spottsylvania, and Cold Harbor, 
and Deep Bottom, and the Weldon Railroad, and Peters 
burg, and Five Forks, and Sailor s Creek. 

There, too, was Dwight s Division of the Nineteenth 
Corps, marching in rear of the Ninth, and followed by 
the Fifth; the heroes of Opequon, and Fisher s Hill, and 
Cedar Creek are marching with those of Appomattox. 

" The troops are all in their line, 
The guidons flutter and play; 
But every bayonets shines, 
For all must march to day." 

Sheridan was not permitted to join in the great review. 
Grant had ordered him to take command at once in the 
Southwest. Yet he did wish to look once more at the 
men of the Nineteenth Corps, who had followed his lead 
in the Shenandoah. So, on the i2th of May, when Wil- 
cox reviewed Dwight s Division at Fort Bunker Hill, 
Sheridan rode by his side. He wore the same animated 
smile, and " Rienzi," too, looked natural; and as the 



THE GRAND REVIEW. 249 

gallant chieftain passed by, cheer after cheer broke 
upon the air. 

On the second day of the Review, Sherman s veterans 
went by. Washington had never seen Western soldiers 
before. Now they saw them through the livelong day. 
There was Grant s old army that went with him to 
Donelson and Shiloh, that charged at Vicksburg, that 
swept upon the enemy at Murfreesboro and Chickamauga. 
There, too, were the regiments that fought and won at 
Altoona and Atlanta, and that marched with Sherman 
from "Atlanta to the sea." And there were Sherman s 
" Bummers," a grotesque and motley company. " Tramp* 
tramp, tramp ; the boys came marching ! " Down on the 
Southern battle-field they had met and conquered the 
nation s foe, and now were coming back to home and 
friends and the blessing of an honorable peace. 

" The colors ripple o erhead, 

The drums roll up to the sky, 
And with martial time and tread, 
The regiments all pass by." 

That was a great day for the American nation. Bon 
fires blazed along many a street and on many a hill ; boom 
ing cannons could be heard on many a plain ; bells pealed 
their joyous note from steeple, turret and tower ; while 
music from a hundred military bands floated out upon 
the air. One sentiment was in every breast ; one senti 
ment burst forth from every heart. An honorable peace 
had been won, not by subterfuge, not by compromise 
with evil ; but by sacrifice, by victory over disunion, trea 
son and sin. 

Three things impressed the writer as he witnessed for 
two days the passing of the troops. 

One was Custer and his horse. As the gallant 
cavalier came up the Avenue, some admirer threw from 



25O THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

a neighboring window on his right a floral hoop. In 
stantly Custer put up his sabre, and caught the hoop upon 
his arm, amid the cheers of thousands. Immediately his 
horse took fright, and started up the street. Pie ran with 
all his might. Some thought that Custer was in danger, 
and thousands held their breath. On went horse and 
rider, far ahead of his command, far up the Avenue. 
Passing the review stand, Custer saluted gracefully, 
reined in his charger, and, turning, came back unharmed 
with the roses on his arm, cheered to the echo by the ad 
miring crowd. 

Sherman s h.orse attracted much attention. As the 
grim warrior was passing, somebody approached and un 
dertook to put a floral wreath over his charger s head. 
Sherman s horse was a veteran. On many a battle-field 
he had heard the thunder of guns, the bursting of bombs, 
and the cheers of men. He had seen them charge the 
enemy s earthworks. Rolling drums and shrieking shells 
were no terror to him, but when he faced this strange 
looking "horse-collar," made of roses and ribbons, he was 
inclined to beat a hasty retreat. Sherman said: " Steady! 
Stand to arms!" as farmers would say, "Whoa!" When, 
however, the horse stood face to face with this " floral 
offering," he protested as a fiery steed only can protest. 
He undertook to throw his rider, and get away. On his 
back, however, was a soldier who knew no defeat. 
Drawing the rein, and applying the spur, Sherman com 
pelled the horse to stand at attention, and to remain 
quiet while the floral offering, that " rose-colored horse- 
collar," was placed over his head and on his neck. The 
victory was won. Sherman had conquered, and the 
vociferous cheering of the tumultuous assemblage added 
to the laurels of the conqueror. 

The third sight that impressed the writer was when 
the dear old Third Cavalry passed by. 



THE GRAND REVIEW. 25! 

One year had passed since he last looked upon his 
comrades in the ranks. Much had transpired since that 
day of parting at Alexandria, La., on the first of May, 
1864. Many had fought their last fight, and had been 
" mustered out." With them, 

" The neighing troop, the flashing blade, 

The bugle s stirring blast. 
The charge, the dreadful cannonade, 
The din and shout were passed." 

It was with honest pride that the writer saw the 
Cavalry pass. He looked to see among the passing 
troopers the battle-flag of the gallant Third. He was 
soon rewarded. Custer had passed, and now came 
Chapman s Brigade ; then Burr Porter and the squad 
rons of the dear old regiment. Above their heads he saw 
the same old flag that had so many times led us on into 
the smoke of battle, into the thickest of the fight. That 
banner beneath whose ample folds so many of the brave 
boys had died, was still "full high advanced." In their 
hands, not a stripe had been "erased or polluted," not a 
" single star obscured." It bore for its motto no such 
miserable interrogatory as " What is all this worth ? " 
nor those other words of delusion and folly, " Liberty 
first, and union afterward." It had been baptized in some 
of the best blood of the nation, and now stood as never 
before for " Liberty and Union ; now and for ever, one 
and inseparable." 

The Grand Review was over. The crowds dispersed. 
The hotels filled with Union officers. Scenes of joyous 
congratulation followed ; while the enlisted men gathered 
around numerous camp-fires, and talked over the in 
teresting experiences of the day. 



CHAPTER XVIII. 



IN AND AROUND WASHINGTON. 



After the Review, What? The Third at Cloud s Mills Washington in 1865 
Soldier s Home The White House An Interview with Lincoln Arlington 
Heights The Nation s Dead Alexandria Mount Vernon The Capitol 
Return of Captain Gove. 

THE Grand Review ended, the question naturally 
arose: What next? One thing was certain: the war 
was over. Four years of fighting had closed. Johnson 
was in the White House; and Reconstruction was next 
in order in the history of the country then making. 

After the Review, the Third Cavalry passed to the 
north of Washington, and, with Sheridan s Cavalry, went 
into camp near the village of Bladensburg. The armies 
of the Union were now breaking up. Many regiments 
were being sent home. Others were being hurried to the 
frontier, to take care of the Indians ; others still were 
ordered to the Department of the South, to assist in the 
work of Reconstruction. 

The men were allowed to remain at Bladensburg only 
one week, when the order came for them to cross the 
Potomac once more, and march to Cloud s Mills. Pass 
ing through Washington, and over the historic bridge, the 
men marched through Alexandria, and on the same day 
went into camp at Cloud s Mills. 

It may be interesting to the members of the Third 
Cavalry to know that the last engagement during the 



IN AND AROUND WASHINGTON. 253 

war occurred in the Department of the Gulf. Kirby 
Smith was most reluctant to yield. 

When Lincoln was assassinated, military men at 
Shreveport belonging to the Confederate army rejoiced. 
Let their names and memory be forgotten ! 

Sheridan was sent to New Orleans, and was there 
planning an expedition for the possession of Texas. 

On the 2ist of April, Kirby Smith had issued a general 
order from Shreveport, appealing to his followers to still 
keep up the hopeless struggle. He encouraged them by 
reminding them that they possessed the means of long 
resisting invasion." He told them they had " hopes of 
succor from abroad." " Protract the struggle," said 
Smith, " and you will receive the aid of nations who 
deeply sympathize with you." Kirby Smith was ambi 
tious to be the deliverer of the Southern Confederacy. 

Dick Taylor had surrendered to Canby on May 4th. 
Davis, not yet captured, was hurrying toward Danville, 
intent, as some have thought, on joining Kirby Smith, 
and thus protracting the struggle. It was feared by some 
that many Confederate leaders might join their fortunes 
with Maximilian, then in Mexico. Smith urged his fol 
lowers to stand by their colors. "Secure to your country 
terms which a proud people can accept with honor. 
. . . Check the triumph of our enemies, and secure the 
final success of our cause." 

His appeal, however, was in vain. The rank and file 
deserted him. They flatly refused to be sacrificed. They 
dissolved their organizations, helped themselves to what 
ever they could seize of the " remains " of the Confeder 
acy, and left Smith s army for their homes. 

General Buckner, of Smith s staff, came down to Baton 
Rouge, and surrendered to Canby s representative. This 
was on May 26th. Armed rebellion on the Mississippi 
and the Red River was over. 



254 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Just thirteen days before, the last shot was fired in 
Texas. On May i3th, 1865, while the Third Cavalry was at 
Falls Church, the last fight occurred between the enemy 
and the forces of the Union. Colonel Barrett s Cavalry 
had been sent from Brazos, Santiago, on the Rio Grande, 
to surprise and capture the camp of the Confederates, 
fifteen miles away. Barrett had been successful, and, 
while taking care of a lot of "horses which he had 
captured, was overtaken and attacked by General 
Slaughter, with a stronger force and three field pieces. 
Barrett was defeated, driven back to Brazos, with a loss 
of about eighty men, who were made prisoners by the 
enemy. 

While the Third Cavalry was encamped near Washing 
ton, the men embraced the opportunity to visit some of 
the many places of interest in the vicinity. The Wash 
ington of that day was not the Washington of 1900. 
During the War, it was little more than a military camp. 
An English tourist, writing from Washington, just after 
the War, used these words concerning its general ap 
pearance: "The whole place looks run up in a night, like 
the cardboard cities Potemkin erected to gratify the 
eyes of his imperial mistress on her tour through Russia, 
and it is impossible to remove the impression that when 
Congress is over, the place is taken down and packed up 
till wanted again." 

Among the places of interest visited by men of the 
regiment was the Soldier s Home, just north of the 
city. Here the aged soldiers of the regular army spend 
their last days in peace. Here Lincoln often passed the 
night during the years of the Civil War. This home 
was founded, through the efforts of General Scott, in 
1851. 

A second place of interest was the White House. The 
men were told that Washington was present at the laying 



IN AND AROUND WASHINGTON. 255 

of the corner-stone of the Executive Mansion, and that 
Washington named it "White House," in honor of his 
wife s early home on the banks of the Pamunkey. 

In the East Room the men saw the portrait of Gen 
eral Washington by Stuart, purchased in 1803. The White 
House looked lonely without Lincoln. 

A few members of the regiment visited Washington 
while the command was in the Shenandoah Valley. 
Some of them were very fortunate in getting a glimpse 
of the White House and its illustrious occupant. A few 
were permitted to attend President Lincoln s receptions. 
A handshake with the President was a great honor. 
Such an honor came to the author, just before Lincoln s 
assassination. 

Wounded in battle, suffering from disease, and greatly 
broken in health, I had been sent, first to the hospital, in 
New Orleans, thence North, where a more favorable 
climate might, as the doctors thought, aid in a more 
complete restoration to health. So to Washington, I 
went. 

As soon as I was able, I was called upon to perform 
such service as was within my power to render. I stood 
guard on Long Bridge. I watched the doors of the old 
Capitol Prison, where certain political prisoners were 
confined. 

For a long time, I had had a great desire to see Presi 
dent Lincoln. I had read about him when a boy. 
My father had been one of his great admirers; I had 
seen his name on a certain campaign flag which was 
flung to the breeze just before the war broke out. I had 
heard his name voiced by thousands of Union soldiers, 
as on the march and in camp we used to sing : 

k We are coming, Father Abraham, 
Three hundred thousand strong." 



256 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

I wanted to see his face. I now had an opportunity. 
So to the White House I directed my steps. 

It was evening. President Lincoln was holding a 
reception. Everybody had been invited, including the 
soldiers ; so I felt that I was not intruding. I passed 
up the steps, and followed a throng before me. At 
length I stood before a long line of distinguished people. 
Here were the great men of the nation : right in front of 
me were Salmon P. Chase and William H. Seward, 
members of the President s Cabinet. Then, could it be 
possible? I stood in the presence of Abraham Lincoln. 
I shall never forget that moment! It was one of the 
supreme moments of my life ! 

I had heard that the president was very tall ; now I 
knew it. He was the tallest man I ever met; it seemed 
a long way from the top of my head to the top of his. 
There was a look of kindness in the great man s face. 
He took me by the hand ; said he was glad to see me, 
and I passed along. 

Young men are not always discreet. Had I been dis 
creet, I would have said: "It is enough!" and gone 
back to my quarters. But I had no desire to go quite 
so soon. So great was my delight in meeting Mr. Lin 
coln face to face, that an intense desire seized me to 
meet him again. The crowd was still surging through 
the rooms. I joined it, and passed along. 

Once more I found myself in the presence of the fore 
most man of the nation. There was the same kind look 
in his face, the same pleasant word, and the same warm 
grasp of the hand. I wanted to linger a moment in that 
august presence, but was pushed along by the crowd of 
people, every one of whom was just as eager as I to 
shake hands with the president. 

It may seem ridiculous to some that I was tempted to 
"fall in," and go round the third time; but I did. I 





LIEUT. JOHN H. WESTON. LIEUT RICHARD M. SANBORN 




LIEUT. THOS. C. OTIS. LIEUT. RALPH A. ROWLEY, 



IN AND AROUND WASHINGTON. 257 

plead guilty to the sin of presumption. It was a most 
ungracious act ; but I did it. Life in Washington was a 
great change from the life I had been living at the front. 
Two years in the swamps, along the bayous, and on the 
battlefields of Louisiana had almost unfitted me for resi 
dence in a civilized community. I dared to do it. 

Now, for the third time in one evening, I stood face to 
face with the foremost man of all the world. Lincoln 
did not resent my audacity. He pretended he had never 
seen me before. I knew better; and so did he. His 
grasp was no less warm, however; his voice no less kind, 
and his presence no less inspiring. 

The next time I saw that wonderful face, Lincoln 
was dead, and a nation was in tears. 

A comrade of the Third Cavalry thus refers to his 
experiences in Washington : 

" I saw and enjoyed many things during that short 
sojourn in the national Capital. I was on detached ser 
vice. Having a talent for music, I was detailed to play 
in a certain Headquarters Band. We had some fine 
experiences, serenading the great men of the nation. 
Seward, Chase, Stanton, and others were regaled by our 
military music. 

u On the night when Washington celebrated the tall of 
Richmond and the surrender of Lee, we played in front 
of the White House, several hours. Grant had come up 
from City Point, and was present during the exercises. 
Everybody was happy. Grant s name was on everyone s 
lips. The war was over. Peace had come, and many an 
old soldier was planning to go home. Then came that 
awful tragedy in Ford s Theatre. Never shall I forget 
the emotions of that hour, when it was announced that 
Lincoln had been shot. 

" Three great events were witnessed by me. in Wash 
ington : The celebration of Lee s surrender; the funeral 



250 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

of Lincoln, and the grand Review. If, as someone has 
said, an impression is a dent in a soft spot, these three 
events made three dents in the soft side of my life which 
time will never obliterate." 

Many of the men went out to Arlington Heights. 
Here they saw the former home of General Lee, and 







ARLINGTON. Home of General Lee. 

here, too, they looked upon the long line of graves of 
sixteen thousand soldiers of the war just closed. The 
nation s dead were an object of peculiar interest to these 
surviving comrades. 

In parallel rows the graves were arranged with a small, 
white marble headstone, with name, company, regiment, 
and date of death inscribed upon it. In one part of the 
cemetery are the graves of 4,349 unknown dead. 



IN AND AROUND WASHINGTON. 



259 



In this estate are 1,160 acres. When the South 
seceded, Robert E. Lee lived at Arlington. The property 
was inherited by his wife, who was the daughter of Geo. 
W. P. Custis. Custis inherited the estate from his 
grandmother, who was the Widow Custis, and afterward 
the wife of Washington. Robert E. Lee left Arlington, 
in April, 1861, and went to Richmond. In defending 
Richmond, he lost Arlington ; and thus the home of 
Martha, the wife of the Father of his Country, became 
the final resting-place of many of the nation s defenders. 

Many comrades visited Ford s Theatre. In this build 
ing President Lincoln 
was shot by J. W r ilkes 
Booth. On the night of 
April i4th, 1865, the fatal 
bullet was fired which 
deprived the nation of its 
head, the soldiers of a true 
friend, and the world of 
its foremost man. Four 
days before, there had 
been a great celebration 
in Washington, o,n ac 
count of Lee s surren 
der and the close of the 
war. The city was bril 
liantly illuminated. Ev 
ery one was happy, and 
among those who rejoiced 
Abraham Lincoln was 
one. Joy was suddenly 
changed to bitter lamen 
tation. A nation was in tears. On April isth, in a house 
opposite, Lincoln died, "and the fountains -of the great 
deep were broken up." 




260 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Seven miles down the river from Washington, was 
Alexandria. This was a very old city, founded in 1748, 
and quite near the camp of the Third Cavalry. Origin 
ally it was called " Bell Haven." When Washington was 
a farmer, it was a thriving town, and carried on a large 
foreign trade. Once it had 15,000 inhabitants. During 
the war it was often the scene of great military activity. 
Many of the boys visited the Jackson House, to see the 
place where Ellsworth fell. Some found their way to 
Christ Church, built in 1765, in which Washington and 
his family used to worship. 

Down the river from the camp in which the Third 
rested after the Review, was the former home of Wash 
ington. A short ride of a mile along the road from 
Alexandria brought the comrades to the hallowed shades 
of Mount Vernon. It was a significant fact that, while 
Virginia suffered immensely from the ravages of the 
war, yet no body of troops committed depredations on 
the former estate of Washington. Not far away, armies 
had marched and countermarched ; great battles had 
been fought, and great devastations wrought ; but Mount 
Vernon was spared. Both sides respected the memory 
of Washington, and called it " hallowed ground." 

The men roamed over the lawn, and sat on the broad 
piazza, whose well-worn flag-stones came from the Isle 
ot Wight. In winter weather, Washington was accus 
tomed to walk for hours at a time across these imported 
flag-stones. The men also saw the trees planted by 
Washington, when a young man. They stood reverently 
in front of the tomb, and heard the solemn tolling of 
passing steamers, whose custom, for years, has been to 
go " slowly sailing, slowly sailing, past the tomb of Wash 
ington." 

Back of the mansion house were the ruins of the 
cabins of Washington s former slaves. When he died he 



IN AND AROUND WASHINGTON. 26 1 

gave them their freedom, and many of their descendants 
live in the vicinity of Mount Vernon. Three miles from 
the wharf may be seen the ruins of Washington s old 
flour-mill. . A short distance from the river was the 
famous " Washington Oak," in whose grateful shade the 
hero of the Revolution used to take his rest. This oak 
was twelve feet in circumference, and was said to be more 




MOUNT VERNON. 

than 200 years old. It blew down in 1882, and fragments 
of the tree were carried to almost every part of the 
world. 

The men looked through the various rooms of the first 
President s mansion-house. Mount Vernon had many 
rooms of interest. 

The most sacred place visited was the room in which 
Washington died. It was a small room, in the second 
story, unpretentious, but tidy. The men could hardly 



262 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

realize that, in this very room, on December 14, 1799, be 
tween ten and eleven at night, the illustrious patriot 
expired. Here was the bedstead on which he died, 
dark with age, six feet square; mahogany; and having 
four high posts. It stands between two long win 
dows, opening on to a balcony. From this balcony, 
a most charming view of the beautiful Potomac can 
be enjoyed, as the river flows peacefully toward the 
Chesapeake. In yonder fireplace are the very and 
irons used on the night when the great American 
died. 

In one room the men saw the famous key of the 
Bastile, presented to Washington by Lafayette. In 
another apartment they sat in the famous arm-chair, 
which came over in the "Mayflower." It is said that 
a million visitors have sat in this old, " slat-back chair." 

As the visitors passed along through the music-room 
they were shown the harpsichord presented by Washing 
ton to his adopted daughter, Eleanor P. Custis. This 
instrument, having two banks of 120 keys, is said to have 
cost Washington. 100^ dollars. 

Some of the members of the regiment found their 
wiy to the Capitol. The hall of the House and the 
Senate chambei were visited. In these hills of legis 
lation, the great men of the nation had discussed the 
problems growing out of the war. Charles Sumner and 
Henry Wilson were the senators from Massachusetts, 
and such men as John P. Hale of New Hampshire, and 
William Pitt Fessenden of Maine, also lent the aid 
of their eloquence in advocating measures suggested by 
Lincoln, and demanded by the times through which .the 
nation was passing to a higher destiny. 

Among the men who represented Massachusetts in 
the national House during the war period were Oakes 
Ames, Alexander H. Rice, Samuel Hooper, John B. 



IN AND AROUND WASHINGTON. 263 

Alley, D. W. Gooch, George S. Boutwell, W. B. Wash- 
burn, and Henry L. Dawes. 

The Massachusetts delegation always voted solidly to 
uphold the hands of Lincoln, and to press every measure 
that looked to victory, and an honorable peace. As 
Congress was not in session, there was no opportunity to 
hear debates. 

In the Senate Chamber were some of the very same 
chairs in which illustrious men had sat in other days. 
There were those used by Webster, Clay, Benton, Cass 
and others. 

Of great interest to the men was the famous " Roger s 
bronze door " at the main entrance to the Capitol. This 
door weighs 20,000 pounds, and cost $30,000. 

During the war the dome of the Capitol had been in 
process of completion, and while the soldiers were fight 
ing the nation s battles at the front, workmen had been 
perfecting the National Capitol at Washington. At the 
close of the war, this dome was completed, and many 
thousands of the brave men who participated in the 
Grand Review looked for the first time upon its fair pro 
portions. 

No edifice in the world is so grand and imposing. It 
seems to be a most fitting type and illustration of the 
American Union. It is nearly all of one material. Its 
plates are so arranged that they will expand and contract 
"like the unfolding of a lily, all moving together." If 
atmospheric conditions move one part, all other parts 
move also, so that as one has said : " The Rocky Moun 
tains will bulge as quickly " as this iron structure. On 
the top of the dome is a lantern which can be seen for 
many miles around Washington. Above this lantern is 
the bronze statue of Freedom. This statue is 375 feet 
above the Potomac. 

It is not generally known that Jefferson Davis had 



264 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

something to do with this statue of Freedom. It is said 
that, when Thomas Crawford, the artist, was at work 
modelling the figure, he designed a "Goddess of Liberty" 
with a liberty cap. Davis was then Secretary of War, 
under Buchanan. In an interview, one day, he suggested 
to Crawford the cap of eagle s feathers, which was ac 
cepted by the sculptor, and found its way to the top of 
the dome. Crawford s statue cost $25,000, and was cast 
in Bladensburg, not far from the camp-ground occupied 
by the Third Cavalry while the regiment was at that 
place. While the men were at Port Hudson, in the 
winter of 63, Crawford s statue was raised to the top of 
the dome. Forts around Washington fired salutes, 
flags were displayed, and in every camp and garrison, 
artillery thundered out a grand salute to this glorious 
emblem of liberty. 

Not all of the older members of the Third Cavalry parti 
cipated in the march of the troops through Washington. 
On May 2Oth, the original members of the regiment 
were mustered out, and saw no more service with the 
command. 

About this time Lieutenant Gove, who had been cap 
tured at Port Hudson, in the fall 62, arrived in camp. 
He had been kept in Southern prisons for many months. 
Lieutenant Gove was captured at the same place where 
Neal Dow was taken. After his capture, the Confeder 
ates took him to Jackson, then to Scott s plantation, in 
Mississippi, then to Salisbury. From the latter place, he 
made his escape, and enjoyed four or five days of free 
dom, such as it was. Hunted like a dog, he was dis 
covered in a negro s hut, where he had taken refuge, and 
brought back to prison. From Salisbury, he was trans 
ferred to Columbia, from which place he was finally liber 
ated, and rejoined the regiment at Falls Church. 

Captain J. G. B. Adams of the Nineteenth Massachu- 



IN AND AROUND WASHINGTON. 265 

setts, who was himself a prisoner at Columbia, tells us 
something about the prison. The camp ground of the 
prisoners consisted of several acres, on which were some 
trees. A guard was placed around it. Twenty feet from 
the line of the sentries was the "dead line" A furrow 
ploughed in the ground indicated to the prisoners where 
the dead line was. Militia were on guard. Wood and 
water were outside the lines. Each man must bring his 
own. The daily food was corn meal, " bitter, and half 
bran." To this was added molasses. A pint of each 
lasted five days. At night the men slept in holes dug in 
the earth, two feet deep. Sometimes these holes were 
covered with brush and dirt. Nearly all the men were 
barefoot. 

Men were often shot by the Confederate guards. 
One day a lieutenant from Pennsylvania was seen to 
throw up his hands, and fall dead. One of the 
guards had asked another if he supposed he could hit a 
man at that distance. His neighbor expressed a doubt. 
Lifting his rifle, the guardsman took deliberate aim, 
and fired. The death of the Northern soldier was the 
result. On another occasion, an officer was waiting with 
axe in hand to go out to cut wood. He was several 
feet from the dead line. Without provocation, the Con 
federate guard fired, and the officer fell to rise no more 
An utter disregard of the value of life characterized the 
guards at Columbia. 



CHAPTER XIX. 



OUT WEST. 



A Home Feeling Grant s Congratulatory Order A Western Fever that was not 
Epidemic The Start for the West Stay at Fort Leavenworth Again Dis 
mounted A Reorganization New Horses March to Fort Kearney 
Colonel Vinal Goes Home Pay Day in Camp A Start for Colorado- 
Return to Fort Kearney Mustered Out Return to Boston Discharged 
at Gallops Island. 

WHEN the men composing the rank and file of the 
Third Massachusetts Cavalry left Massachusetts for the 
seat of the War, they little dreamed of seeing service out 
on the Plains of the great West. Most of them had en 
listed for "three years or the War." When Lee surren 
dered, a general expectation arose that the regiment 
would soon be sent home. This feeling was strengthened 
by the frequent discharge of regiments with whom the 
Third Cavalry had served while at the front. The news 
papers were saying that the army was to be " disbanded 
at once." 

One by one, brigades and divisions were broken up, 
and officers mustered out. Every day made one less of 
time for the men to remain in camp. On June 2nd, 
1865, General Grant issued a general order to the sol 
diers of the Union armies. He praised them for their 
patriotic devotion in the hour of " danger and alarm." 
They had overthrown " all armed opposition." Their 
" marches, sieges and battles, in distance, duration and 



OUT WEST. 267 

brilliancy of result," had dimmed the "lustre of the world s 
past military achievements." In obedience to your coun 
try s call, you left your u homes and families, and volun 
teered in her defence." ; Victory has crowned your 
valor." "You will soon be permitted to return to your 
families, . . . having discharged the highest duty of 
American citizens." Thousands of your gallant com. 
rades have fallen" and "sealed "this "priceless legacy 
with their blood." "The graves of these, a grateful na 
tion will bedew with tears ; honor their memories, and 
will ever cherish and support their stricken families." 

It was quite natural that the men should sigh for home. 
They had seen regiment after regiment depart, and a 
goodly number of their command had already been dis 
charged. Some of the officers had made great pecuniary 
sacrifices in remaining with their regiment, and were 
now looking forward to the time when, the War over, the 
Union restored, the last enemy disarmed, they might, 
with honor, turn their steps homeward, It was, there 
fore, a great surprise and disappointment when orders 
came to strike camp, and prepare to " go West." 

It is true that the Indians were causing some trouble 
in the West. It was also true that the West was filled 
with veterans. It seemed strange to many that Eastern 
men should be sent West at this particular time. Many 
of the men felt like a certain soldier, who was in the 
Battle of Bull Run. The next day after, he was seen by 
a friend on the streets of New York. "Were you in the 
fight ? " "I was." " Why are you here, then ? " " I m 
here by orders." " What orders ? " " You, see when the 
battle began, the Colonel came along, and said, " Men, 
we are going into the fight. I want you all to do your 
duty. Strike for your country ! Strike for your home ! " 
" Some of them struck for their country ; but I concluded 
I d strike for my home ! " 



268 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 



The men of the Third had been some time at the 
front. They had seen much hard fighting. They had 
tried to do their duty. They had during many days and 
months, struck for their country ; now they were inclined 
to " strike for their homes." 

On the i4th of June, the regiment left for St, Louis. 
Passing for the last time over the familiar Long Bridge, 




THE LONG BRIDGE. 



and through Washington, they went by rail to Parkers- 
burg; then on to Cincinnati; arriving at the place of 
destination on the 2Oth of the same month. The next 
day, they embarked on river steamboats, and went by 
water to Fort Leaven worth, Kansas. 

The first move made by the regiment in Kansas was 
"up-stream," three miles. 



OUT WEST. 269 

Next came another change, which deprived the regi 
ment of its horses. General Dodge had decided to give 
the horses to the Fourth Michigan Cavalry; and, once 
more the men found themselves on foot. On the yth 
of July, the camp of the Third was moved up nearer the 
fort. 

Another change now came to the command : Consol- 
id ition was the order of the day. The Government was 
curtailing expenses as rapidly as possible, and reducing 
the number of officers and enlisted men as fast as 
it could do so safely. Accordingly, a battalion was 
formed of six companies. On the 2ist of July, Capt. 
William M. Gifforcl was assigned to Company A ; Capt. 
J. A. Comertord, to Company B; Capt. D. P. Muzzey, 
to Company C ; Capt. Charles Stone, to Company D ; 
Capt. M. U. Barney, to Company E; and First. Lieut. 
J. H. Hilton, to Company F. 

Thus, instead of a regiment of twelve companies, 
there was now a battalion of six. Of course, six com 
panies did not need as many officers as twelve. Accord 
ingly, nine officers were mustered out, and left for home 
Among these were Colonel Porter, Major Noyes, Sur. 
ge:>n Leavitt, Adjutant Ellington ; Quartermaster Kings- 
ley, Commissary Stone, and Lieutenants Elliott, Cas- 
well and Otis. 

Three new Majors were made on October 5th. Cap 
tain Gifford, Captain Comerford and Captain Stone now 
received what they had long merited. At the same time, 
Major Muzzey was again promoted to be Lieutenant- 
Colonel. Thus were brave officers recognized for their 
period of gallant and meritorious conduct. Dr. George 
G. Tarbell was now Surgeon of the battalion. 

It cannot be said that the men enjoyed their expe 
riences in the West. Some of the officers, especially, 
were anxious to get home. On one occasion a petition 



27O THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

was drawn up, and signed, and forwarded to the 
War Department, praying for an honorable discharge. 
Whether it moved the authorities at Washington, the 
writer does not know ; but it did move Porter to put one 
officer under arrest for inciting sedition, a very serious 
offence. As the officer was soon after promoted, the 
arrest and charge preferred were not taken seriously. 

The men had been without horses twenty days. They 
were now to get back what they had lost, viz., horses; 
not the same ones, but similar four-legged beasts of 
burden. 

On July 23rd, the battalion was supplied with horses. 
It took some time for the men to get acquainted with 
their new friends ; but an experience soon came to both 
horse and rider, which made their companionship and 
friendship mutual. 

The very next day after the men had received their 
horses, an order came to march across the country 
to Fort Kearney, in the Territory of Nebraska. Rations 
were issued for a twenty-five days journey, and on the 
27th of July, the men started on their long march. 

The men who travelled over those Western roads will 
remember that they were in bad condition. In some 
localities, locomotion was well-nigh impossible. The 
men, however, had encountered obstacles before. Officers 
and men pressed on through places well-nigh impassible. 
The route lay in a north-westerly direction, past Mount 
Pleasant, Grenada, Grasshopper Falls, Seneca, Marys- 
ville and Big Blue River. Not all of the twenty-five 
days allotted were used in making the journey; for, on 
August 1 6th, just nineteen days from the time of start 
ing, Major Pope, in command of the battalion, reported 
to General Dodge, at Fort Kearney, Kansas. An eight- 
day rest was now afforded the battalion, which was 
greatly enjoyed by both man and beast. 



OUT WEST. 271 

Lieutenant-Colonel Vinal now severed his connection 
with the regiment. His term of service had been long 
and honorable. On the i8th of August, 1865, he was 
discharged from the service, and left for his Eastern 
home. Colonel Vinal had led. the men in many engage 
ments, first, as Captain of Company A; as Major; 
and, finally, as Lieutenant-Colonel. His record shed 
lustre on the State of Massachusetts, and on the Nation 
whose flag he had gallantly upheld. 

One of the most delightful experiences that came to 
the regiment was the visit of the Paymaster. His visits 
were not frequent ; but when he did come, his coming 
brought great and unspeakable joy. Often the men were 
bankrupt months before his arrival. Sudden wealth 
followed his advent. Old debts were liquidated, and new 
supplies of the comforts of life were indulged in, as long 
as the greenbacks lasted. Some of the men, of course, 
were extravagant, and soon " frittered away " their hard- 
earned wages; others were economical, and sent home 
much that came to them from the hands of the Paymaster. 
One man saved from his wages and bounty $500, and 
gave it to an invalid father, who was dependent on him 
for support. 

On the 23rd of August, the report was circulated that 
the Paymaster was in camp. It did not take long to "fall 
in," and march to the Paymaster s tent. No pen can 
piint, nor tongue describe, the look of satisfaction on 
the comrades faces as six months pay was put into 
their hands in new, clean, crisp greenbacks, the "prom 
ise to pay " of the government they had promised to 
defend. 

The regiment had now served, since going West, in 
Kansas and Nebraska. Not long had it remained in 
either place. It seemed to have had no "continuing city" 
or abiding place; but it sought one "to come." 



272 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

At Fort Leavenworth it remained one month ; at Fort 
Kearney, eight days. Rumor now said that the battalion 
was to be sent to Colorado. 

The men protested. " Going West " from this point 
was not congenial. A petition had been gotten up by 
someone, circulated and signed, and sent to Washington. 
It had come back u unapproved." 

Now another petition was started. Its terms and phrase 
ology were stronger than those of the first one. It told 
of suffering wives and children in Northern homes ; of 
great injustice to long-suffering veterans ; of other things 
too numerous to mention. It was a most remarkable 
document; and it produced a most remarkable impres 
sion at Washington. It came back " approved/ Of 
course there was great rejoicing when the news came. 
Every man felt like hugging every other man. 

They were very much like the Irish janitor at the 
dedication of a Catholic church. Many Protestants had 
contributed liberally toward the building fund, conse 
quently several wealthy ones were present at the dedi 
cation. " Mike," said the priest, as he saw them come in, 
" get three chairs for the Protestants on the platform." 
Mike, misunderstood; and, hurrying forward, he jumped 
upon the platform, took off his hat, and, swinging it over 
his head, most vigorously, cried out at the top of his 
voice, " Three cheers for the Protestants ! " So, when 
the men of the Third Cavalry were ordered West, from 
Fort Kearney, some protested ; and now every man was 
inclined to give " three cheers for the protestants." 

It was noon, August 24th, when the men began the 
march toward Colorado. They were to report to General 
Conner. What they were to do, nobody knew. 

After a four days march, the command reached Cot- 
tonwood Springs, where the advance toward Colorado 
terminated, and an order came for the men to retrace 



OUT WEST. 273 

their steps toward Fort Kearney. The War Department 
was now fast reducing the number of men under arms 
On the ist of March 1865, there were 965,591 men in the 
Northern Army. Of these over 600,000 were present for 
duty. By August yth, about 640,000 had been mustered 
out. By October I5th, 785,205 had been discharged. 
This included many thousands who were in hospitals, on 
furlough, and on " detached service." 

" Thus rapidly, as well as peacefully and joyously, were 
the mightiest hosts ever called into the field by a re 
public, restored to the tranquil paths of industry and 
thrift. Melting back by regiments into quiet citizenship, 
they retained nothing to distinguish them from others, 
but the proud consciousness of having served and saved 
their country." 

The Third Cavalry was now about to close its active 
service for the Union. Orders came to report to Gen 
eral Dodge at Fort Leavenworth, for muster out. The 
men obeyed with alacrity, with not one dissenting mind. 
Three days rations were drawn ; the march was com 
menced. On August 29th, the men left Cottonwood 
Springs, and on September ist, reported at Fort Kear 
ney, Kansas. Here a three days rest was enjoyed, and 
on the 4th, the men turned over to the Quartermaster 
one hundred and fifty of their best horses. The stay of 
the battalion in this place was brief. Having drawn 
supplies for fifteen days, the men who were still mounted 
started for Fort Leavenworth, while the dismounted men 
went in wagons, under the immediate supervision of 
Captain Cunningham. The battalion that went on 
horses arrived at Fort Leavenworth, September i8th, 
after a ten days march. The dismounted men arrived 
five days later. 

The men now turned over the rest of their horses 
to the proper authorities. All ordnance, and camp 



274 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

equipage was also surrendered without a single sign of 
regret. 

Eight or ten days were now employed in making out 
the muster rolls; and on the 28th of September, 1865, 
the Third Massachusetts Cavalry was mustered out of 
the service of the United States. The men were ordered 
East, for final payment and discharge on Massachusetts 
soil. 

It was a happy day when the men took passage for 
Boston. " Home, sweet home," loomed in the distance. 
Friends were waiting to give them a royal welcome on 
their return. Some of them had served for four long 
years. They had gone " West " from a sense of duty ; 
now they were going home because that duty had been 
done. 

The Third Cavalry enjoyed the proud distinction of 
having been the only regiment that passed through the 
Queen s dominions during the Civil War. The journey 
of the men to Boston was over the Great Western Rail 
road, via Detroit and Canada West. Now, for a while, the 
men were under the British flag. After leaving Detroit, 
they were obliged to pass through the Queen s domin 
ions. This, however, was before the days of Fenian 
raids. As the serenity of the English mind had not yet 
been disturbed by these demonstrations of unfriendli 
ness, the men of the Third were allowed to go through 
Canada unmolested. 

Every attention was paid them en route. In Maryland, 
one year before, they had ridden on a cattle train, on 
their chase after Jubal Early; now they rode in richly 
upholstered seats, in elegant railroad coaches. The 
fortune of war had brought good fortune at last. 

Colonel D. P. Muzzey, who was with the regiment as 
it came from the West, refers most interestingly to the 



OUT WEST. 275 

treatment the men received as they passed through 
Canada: 

" Everywhere we were treated with the utmost respect. 
. . . The railway coaches were fine. . . . The English 
officials were most civil and cordial. ... At one place, 
an official of the British government approached Colonel 
Pope, and said, Colonel, are your men armed? No, 
sir, said Colonel Pope ; only a few are taking home 
their arms as souvenirs of the war. I was about to say, 
continued the English officer, that, if the regiment was 
armed, we should be compelled to request the men to 
surrender their arms while passing through the Queen s 
dominions. No surrender is recorded ; and the regiment 
went through Canada as it had entered, without the loss 
of a man or the surrender of a gun." The English sol 
dier respected the men from Massachusetts. 

On the 5th day of October, the men arrived in Bos 
ton. Their journey East had been extremely delight 
ful. Everywhere they had been received with the 
utmost cordiality, and it was with great satisfaction that 
the men found themselves once more in the Hub of the 
Universe. 

At this time, the mustering officer was at Gallops 
Island, Boston Harbor. On October 8th, the men re 
ported to the officer, were paid off, and honorably dis 
charged. 

Thus closes a most honorable record of one of Massa 
chusetts volunteer regiments. More than three years 
had passed since some of them had donned the blue in 
the camp at Lynnfield. Through all the weary months 
the regiment had borne its part in maintaining the honor 
of the flag and the integrity of the American Union 
Fifteen hundred miles of marching along the banks of 
the Mississippi and the bayous of Louisiana, and up and 



276 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

down the valley of the Shenandoah ; in thirty engage 
ments with the enemy, in the enemy s country; in battle, 
siege and march, they had ever borne in mind the solemn 
oith they took before they left the State. Now, returning 
after three years of faithful service, they could look with 
pride into the face of those who had sent them forth. 
By their gallantry in battle ; by their discipline in camp; 
by their soldierly conduct on every occasion, the regi 
ment merited and received the commendation of its 
various commanders. Banks, Sheridan, Emory, Grover, 
Dudley and Molineux, all unite in saying to the men of 
the Third Cavalry, "WELL DONE!" 




CM 



HISTORY 

OF 

READ S COMPANY 

MOUNTED RIFLE RANGERS. 

By LIEUT. HENRY D. POPE. 
CAMP CHASE, LOWELL, TO SHIP ISLAND. 



In September, 1861, President Lincoln authorized 
General B. F. Butler to recruit a division of troops in 
New England, and General Butler gave S. Tyler Read 
permission to raise a squadron of Cavalry, to consist of 
two companies, and also permitted H. A. Durivage to 
raise a company. 

These three companies were later known as the three 
unattached companies of Massachusetts Cavalry, but at 
the start, Read s two companies were called the Mounted 
Rifle Rangers, and Durivage called his the Light Cav 
alry. In fact, the latter company averaged of smaller 
stature than the Rangers. 

The three companies were the only cavalry in General 
Butler s New Orleans expedition, and all in that Depart 
ment until new companies were raised in New Orleans 
in the fall of 1862. 

Captain S. Tyler Read was a graduate of Union Col 
lege, the class of 1860. He had seen something of army 
life in 1861 as a correspondent of the " New York Sun" at 



278 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Fortress Munroe. He claimed to have had some mili 
tary training at school or college, and the claim led to a 
report or impression that he had been for a time at West 
Point. He was a native of Attleboro, Mass, and about 
twenty-five years old when he began his recruiting; was 
of fine appearance, light blown hair, blue-grey eyes, and 
rather above the standard height of the company (5 ft. 
8 in.) and a good horseman, but not a rough rider. 

The recruiting was mainly done in the Boston Head 
quarters, although some squads were picked up else 
where ; but all were fine men, and the standard of 5 ft. 
8 in. was kept up, except for a few who came as buglers 
and company clerks. 

Recruiting was somewhat slow, as the Butler troops 
had to be raised without the aid of the State, or even its 
moral support. In fact, the "State aid," given other 
Massachusetts troops for their families, was withheld. 

A squad of six or eight recruits reported at Camp 
Chase, Lowell, September 30, 1861, and found but three 
or four men there, but had been led to expect that there 
were ten times as many. 

That night the first tent of the command was pitched, 
and it was not until November I5th that the first muster 
was made of three officers and 105 men. Previous to 
the muster, the men had declined to be sworn into the 
service, fearing they would be put into some other com 
mand. The second company of Rangers was mustered 
in, December 27th three officers and 63 men. Then 
the men were divided equally between the two com 
panies, and given their choice as far as possible. They 
then were : 



( Captain - - - S. Tyler Read 



ist Company < ist Lieutenant J. E. Cowen 
( 2nd - B. Pickman 

and 84 men. 



HISTORY OF READ S COMPANY. 279 

( Captain - - - J. M. Magee 
2nd Company < ist Lieutenant A. G. Bowles 
( 2nd " - - P. D. Allen 

and 84 men. 

Captain H. A. Durivage had mustered in his company 
early in December. 

Captain Read had intended to command his two com 
panies as a squadron, that being the old plan for cavalry ; 
but in the new arrangements made by the War Depart 
ment, Captain Magee was given his company alone. 
Magee was an enlisted man in the regular army, and was 
sent to Camp Chase as a drill-master, knew his duties 
well, and made a good officer. 

At first, in camp, the men were drilled in infantry- 
facings and movements, and the most proficient given 
charge of later squads. But early in November some of 
the prospective officers appeared, and the cavalry move 
ments on foot were taught. Magee came about De 
cember ist. 

In the early fall, the camp life was pleasant, but 
later the weather became very severe, and the parade 
ground was a glare of ice. The thermometer was 
very low, reaching 10 degrees below zero, one night; and 
all were quartered in tents. 

January 2nd, 1862, camp was broken, and the cavalry 
Thirty-third Massachusetts Infantry, Twelfth Maine In 
fantry, and First Maine Battery, went by railroad to 
Boston, and embarked on the steamship "Constitution," 
a fine ship. But a force of about 2,400 was rather large 
to admit of comfortable accommodations. The ship was 
new, having been built for the Pacific mail service. She 
had been but one trip to Ship Island, with two regiments 
and a battery from Camp Chase. The berths for the 
men of the cavalry were mere scaffolds of boards, deep 



28O THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

as the length of the men, and two tiers in height. The 
men lay with their feet outward, and between the berths 
and the ship s side was a narrow alley, which was made 
still narrower by putting in steam-pipes for heating. 

The steamer was held in Boston Harbor until January 
1 3th, as " the Trent affair" was unadjusted ; and during 
the time, the cold became severe, and the Harbor would 
have frozen but for the activity of the tug-boats one 
night it was 22 degrees below zero. At one time it was 
proposed to relieve the ship by disembarking some of 
the men at Fort Independence, but sailing orders came 
before more than twenty or thirty men had landed and 
spent a night. 

Fortress Monroe was reached January i6th, and on 
January 2Oth the landing of the troops commenced, and 
a camp was formed on the sandy neck which connects 
Old Point Comfort with the mainland of Virginia. The 
afternoon and evening of the landing, there was a typical 
Southern thunder-storm and rain. As no tents had 
been pitched, the night was very uncomfortable; but in 
the morning, the sun was out. Before another night 
the tents were up, and the quarters were much more 
comfortable than on shipboard, or, at least, they seemed 
so for a time. 

During the sojourn on the sands, Lieutenant Weitzel 
of General Butler s staff, appeared with an order for 
Captain Read to report to the Examining Board at 
Washington. 

The Captain left by the afternoon boat for Baltimore, 
and arrived at the office of the examining board in 
Washington at the time appointed, the next morning. 
The examination was so satisfactory that he reported 
back to his command, fully endorsed. Captain Read 
could, probably, thank his training at Union College for 
his success. 




LIEUT. HENRY D. POPE. Reed s Company. 



HISTORY OF READ S COMPANY. 281 

While camped at Fort Monroe, during an easterly 
storm, the tide rose very high, and, with the surf, broke 
over the neck of sand, and all the cavalry and some 
of the infantry had to flee to higher ground. The break 
came about nightfall ; and, with the drenching to start 
with, and an all-night rain, many suffered. Some never 
recovered from the exposure, and some quartered in the 
burial ground that night. 

On February 28, the troops were again put on board 
the steamer, which had, in the meantime, been cleaned 
and fumigated ; as a number of cases of contagious dis 
eases had developed, mainly measles. The men en 
joyed getting back, but had, in the main, had a good 
time on shore, particularly at first; for the cavalry 
wore long, dark-blue cape overcoats, corded on the edge 
with green for the Rangers, and yellow for the Light 
Cavalry; and, appearing like officers, they went about 
with a freedom not allowed to enlisted men, to say 
nothing of the sentries presenting arms when they passed 
their stations. But, in a few days, the truth leaked out, 
and, with a laugh, the sentries would decline to pass 
them, saying, " That s played out." 

February 4th Sailed for Ship Island, but came back 
to bring the U. S. steamer " Miami," a double-ender, 
whose machinery was disabled ; then sailed again, and 
reached Ship Island, February i2th, and embarked next 
day. 

During the voyage, the Cavalry had been attached to 
the Eastern Bay State Regiment, afterward the Thirtieth 
Massachusetts, Lt.-Col. Jonas H. French commanding ; 
but on landing at Ship Island, this connection was 
broken, and the three companies were camped as a 
battalion, Captain Read being in command ; so that, for 
a time, he enjoyed the position he had been hoping for. 

The horses began to be drawn, February 16, and soon 
u 



282 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

all were mounted, and drilling went on actively. When 
more troops arrived, three brigades were formed (March 
22nd, 1862), and a company of cavalry assigned to each 
brigade. Captain Read s company was assigned to the 
First Brigade, Brigadier-General J. W. Phelps, and the 
company was designated Company A, Second Massachu 
setts Cavalry Battalion ; and as the three companies re 
mained apart, this account will be confined to Captain 
Read s, which became officially known as Read s Com 
pany, and had no letter or other designation except that 
of the regiment it nominally formed a part of, after 
July, 1863. 



SHIP ISLAND TO NEW ORLEANS. 



SERGEANT READS ACCOUNT OF THE RESCUE OF A SLAVE 

WOMAN. 

On April 15, 1862, the Company embarked on ship 
" North America," with the Thirtieth Mass. Regiment, 
Durivage s Cavalry and Fourth Mass. Battery, to go by 
the South Pass, and wait in the lower river for the taking 
of the forts by the Navy. The ship arrived in New 
Orleans, May 2nd, and the Company was assigned quar 
ters in Odd Fellows Hall, next day; but horses, baggage, 
tents, etc., were left at Ship Island, in charge of Quarter- 
Master Sergeant Read, with a detail of men. They were 
shipped on May i6th, and arrived on the 23rd, without 
the loss of a horse. The Company had a hard time on 
their ship, being in cramped quarters, and very hot. 
Many were sick, and one died, and was buried at the 
head of the Passes. 

May 31 Formed a camp (Dudley) at Claiborne Street, 
corner of Canal Street, under a grove of fine trees ; the 
stable being near by, and the captain s quarters were 
diagonally across Canal Street, in a building known as 
Stone s Infirmary. The men were detailed as orderlies 
at the different headquarters in the city. Captain Read 
was sent by General Butler on sundry expeditions, and 
I annex an account of one by Sergeant Read, who was 
present : 

" An order was issued by the Commanding General 
for all citizens to bring to Headquarters their fire-arms. 
Ciptain R^ad, with a small squad of men, myself among 
the number, went down the river, a few miles out of the 
city, for the purpose of seizing arms. We started be 
tween four and five o clock in the morning, riding down 



284 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

through what is called the French portion of the city, 
through winding streets and over rough pavements, and 
we were glad when we had left the city in our rear. 

" After riding a few miles out of the city, we stopped 
at a plantation house, and seized all their arms, and, hav 
ing previous knowledge that they had some slaves in 
imprisonment, we demanded to be shown their place of 
confinement. The overseer did not wish to show us, but 
dare not refuse. He procured some keys, and con 
ducted us to a small building, about 12 by 15 feet, and 
proportionately high. In each end, well up toward the 
roof, was a small opening or window, covered on the 
inside with wire netting, and, on the outside, a door, with 
a padlock, closing tightly and locked on the outside. In 
front were double doors, which were unlocked by the 
overseer, who trembled with fear and guilt. Captain 
Read entered first, and I followed ; but we withdrew im 
mediately, as the stench was too strong for our nostrils. 
The windows being closed, not a breath of fresh 
air could reach the prisoners; and there, crouched down 
in the darkness and filth, we found three female human 
beings, confined for the crime of trying to make their 
escape from slavery. Upon the neck of one, whose skin 
was almost as white as my own, was riveted a heavy iron 
ring, with three prongs, each a foot in length. The ring 
had worn large sores upon her neck. I felt at that time 
as though I would like to have that overseer turned over 
to my tender mercies for about five minutes. The Cap 
tain ordered the overseer to open the windows, and we 
left them, and passed down the river on our mission. 

" When we came back, we took the women out of the 
prison, and brought them to the city, in our baggage- 
wagon. General Butler gave them their liberty. They 
had been shut up thirteen weeks." 



FROM CAMP DUDLEY (Aug. 30, 1862) TO HUM 
PHREY S STATION (Dec., 1862). 



Aug. 30, 1862 Camp changed from Camp Dudley to 
Camp Williams, on the road from the halfway house to 
Carrollton. The Company was given plenty of room 
for drill, for themselves and for the whole brigade of 
infantry, Colonel Dudley commanding, who were actively 
employed in drills, a sham fight, a review by General 
Butler, and the capture, in swamps, of a dozen or so of 
soldiers, bound for the rebel army. 

" My army experience began here, Sept. i, as I reported 
back to the Company for duty as First Sergeant, having 
been, almost since my enlistment, on detached service, 
the last being at Baton Rouge, which was recently 
evacuated. 

As this camp was close beside a little bayou, our men 
fell sick, one-half of them being on the sick list, and sev 
eral died. 

In September, J. C. C. Bowen reported as First Lieu 
tenant, Gustave Radetski as Second Lieutenant, and 
H. D. Pope as senior Second Lieutenant, all acting ap 
pointments. Bowen and Radetzki left in November, to 
take commissions in the First Texas Cavalry ; and in 
January, 1863, Pope was commissioned Second Lieu 
tenant and Allen as First Lieutenant, Pickman having 
resigned. 

Oct. 19, 1862 A detachment, under Captain Read 
(with Acting Lieutenant Bowen), left for Bonnet Carre 



286 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

at 8.30 P.M., and returned at 10 P.M. on 2Oth. Marched 38 
miles. 

Oct. 31 Changed camp to Carrollton, on the edge of 
the village, under command of General Sherman. 

Nov. 4 A detachment of 29 men, under the Captain, 
went to Bonnet Carre ; and, the following day went about 
40 miles toward the enemy, taking several prisoners. 
Returned, night of Nov. 7, having marched about 140 
miles. 

Nov. 20 Forty men, under Captain Read, with Lieu 
tenant Farnsworth, of the Fourth Wisconsin, Topograph 
ical Engineer/ passed the night at Bonnet Carre. 
Acting Lieutenant Pope reported for duty on this trip ; 
(the other two acting lieutenants left the Company about 
this time.) 2ist A station was formed there by a part 
of the Twelfth Maine. 24th Stopped at the Union Plan 
tation, a gunboat being beside the bank. The plantation 
was quarters for the night. We called on board, and, the 
mansion being empty, we came back for a supper. Next 
day we bivouacked opposite Donaldsonville. Capt. Read 
took a boat down the river, to Carrollton, to see General 
Sherman, and visit the camp. Captain Read wanted 
permission to charge into Baton Rouge ; but General 
Sherman said, if he wanted it done, he would let him 
know. 

About this time was Thanksgiving in the Bay State, 
and the men had a chicken per man for dinner. Where 
did they get them? 

Captain Read was on hand, on the morning of the 
27th, when we marched toward Baton Rouge ; and, some 
25 miles up, the Captain saw with a glass a picket at the 
at the edge of the woods. The first platoon went on a 
charge with the Captain, about 3 miles, on Brown s 
Plantation ; and the picket rushed through the cane- 
btake, and disappeared, only giving a few shots. Then 



HISTORY OF READ S COMPANY. 287 

we went to the third plantation, higher up, and struck 
through to New River. Went 10 miles, at a very rapid 
rate, to cut the party off, without success , then went to 
Doyals; next to Brown s Plantation for the night, having 
pickets on three sides and a gunboat in the rear. The 
enemy were Captain Tryall and 45 men. of the Missis 
sippi Rifles. 

Next day, Private Sylvanus Murray deserted, probably 
to the enemy. 

Returned to Union Plantation ; but Sergeant Lewis 
went, with his platoon and Lieutenant Pope, to examine 
Orange Grove Road on the way. He found lots of con 
traband goods and smugglers in the wood ; and brought 
them to the Captain to report. Next morning, we con 
tinued down river, and found the Twelfth Maine had 
moved up to College Point, the building being sur 
rounded by a brick wall. They posted a strong picket 
about a mile up the river. The whole village was two 
miles or more long. Major Hastings, of the Twelfth 
Maine, gave Captain Read his choice of location; 
and he chose a large plantation, above the village, called 
Uncle Sam a splendid place, where we were finely 
entertained for about three weeks. The mansion and 
buildings were the finest on this side of St. James. 

General Sherman and staff came up river on a little 
steamboat, and landed his horses. An escort was made 
ready, and I was called to command it. The General 
rode to a point nearly opposite Donaldsonville, asking 
for information about the roads and the country from the 
negroes or whites, and from me ; sending me 3 or 4 miles 
at a time, to examine and report. On reporting to him 
at ahouse on the river-road, the steamer was in front. 
The General embarked, and invited the escort to take 
the trip; he going to the stateroom of the captaili, to catch 
a nap. When we got to Uncle Sam Plantation, the 



288 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRV. 

staff officers said I must not land my men until the Gen 
eral said so ; and as they declined the job of rousing him, 
I had to do it, but I was stranger enough to get the 
necessary speech from him, and a pleasant farewell, with 
a promise to be up again soon. 

One of his staff at the time was Captain Adam Badeau, 
who later wrote General U. S. Grant s memoirs. 

We soon had an order to go out on New River, about 
Dec. 13, and Captain Read flew around between the Plan 
tation and camp of the Twelfth Maine. He finally caught 
his foot in a gate, and was drawn off his horse, with a 
sprained ankle. He had to give up New River. Next 
day he had a pair of crutches, and took a steamboat for 
Carrollton. Dr. Thompson, of the Twelfth Maine, and 
Lieutenant Farnsworth, Fourth Wisconsin, went with 
us. We went to Manning Plantation, to go by the Cut-off 
that General Sherman was interested in. Slept in a 
mule stable, which was quite a distance from the house, 
but was of brick, and good to defend. The stable was 
partly filled with cow-pea hay, and as soon as we got 
quiet, the rats were racing about and shelling peas. But 
the longest night has an end, and we turned out early 
and had breakfast. After passing the bayou, we plunged 
into the swamp. 

When I escorted General Sherman, we fell in with 
a guide, and we had him with us now; but he excited 
so much distrust by his actions that Sergeant Downer 
was given orders to shoot him first, if we were ambus 
caded. 

The swamp part was 4 or 5 miles, and mud very deep, 
most of the way too deep for horses to wade, and too 
thick to swim a fine ride. When we reached the New 
River it was fair going, and we put a guard of about 
25 men, with an advance picket on the road, and well up 
the road to the north ; then put a guard at Paul Landry s 



HISTORY OF READ S COMPANY. 289 

house and store, and the rest of the men were taken 
down the bayou (S. E.) We had captured several citi 
zens, some mounted. Paul Landry had a tall bay horse, 
which would have escaped with him, only we sent a bullet 
after him, and he came in. Some weeks later I bought 
the horse. 

We had a small advance-guard ; and we saw a man 
coming toward a house down the bend. He stopped, 
and my little horse was there before the guard ; and a 
Confederate, home on leave, was a prisoner. Another 
was taken later. We went as far down as it seemed best, 
on account of the swamp ; but some prisoners returned 
with us, on mules which we u found " for them. 

When our guards were drawn in, one man was missing, 
and was either captured on picket post, or had deserted. 
We never heard of him again. 

When we got back to the Plantation, after another 
hard ride, the Doctor declined to pass the night in the 
mule stable ; so he went to the overseer s house ; and we 
all went down river in the morning. 

I think Lieutenant Farnsworth put in a report for me, 
which passed with the General. At any rate I proceeded 
to post up on the roads and the country ; and compiled 
a map, to aid in reporting our journeys. When we left 
on the Red River Campaign, my map was left with the 
defence of New Orleans. 

The arrival of General Banks and army made quite a 
change in our surroundings. The first was during 
Captain Read s absence, with a sprained ankle. Orders 
came for moving camp to Humphrey s Station, about 
9 miles below College Point, and changing us to report 
ing to General F. S. Nickerson, at Bonnet Carre ; so we 
left Uncle Sam Plantation. We found two companies 
of the Fourteenth Maine at Humphrey s, Captain Bolan, 
commanding. We were quartered in a stable, the m en 



290 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

in the loft on each side, and the horses under them. 
In warm weather, the end doors were fully open, and the 
place well aired and comfortable. 

We had no tents for a time, but they came up when 
the rest of the company arrived. 

Distances from this station : 

Bonnet Carre was 17 miles below; 

College Point 9 " above ; 

White Hall Saw Mill 9 " more ; or 35, all told. 

Donaldsonville 9 " 44, 

Through Cut-off to Doyals, was 40 miles from Hum 
phrey s Station, and the Amite River was 20 miles from 
Doyals. 



FROM HUMPHREY S STATION TO ST. JAMES. 



The Company, in full dress, took a trip to Uncle Sam 
Plantation on January ist, 1863, as the Emancipation 
took effect at that date, the Captain having returned to 
camp, to muster the Company, the day before. All the 
negroes were quiet, and the white people were very tran 
quil. On Jan. 19, went to Hampton s Ferry on the 
the Bayou Manchac. Feb. 8, went to Amite River, and 
again, Feb. 23. 

March 2 Lieutenant, with 14 men, went to opposite 
Donaldsonville, and back on 4th. Small patrols were 
going often, also messengers to Bonnet Carre. 

Major Bickmore, of the Fourteenth Maine,was sent 
up to take command at Humphrey s Station, as we had 
three companies, and wanted a major. One of the in 
fantry companies was changed for one of the ijyth New 
York. 

The order came to saddle up just after dark, March 21, 
1863 ; and we started, leaving six men to come on with 
the baggage train in the morning. 

The Company had not been gone a great while, when 
a battery came along, and the Major commanding the 
Post ordered Read, the Quarter-Master Sergeant, who 
was left behind, to let them put their horses in our 
stables. The Sergeant went to bed at n P.M., beginning 
to think it was something bigger than our usual scouts. 
In the morning, about 7 o clock, he started, preceded by 
three companies of the Fourteenth New York Cavalry. 
We had heard of them : that they were decked in gold 
chevrons, marched at a trot, and were far ahead of us. 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Sergeant Read, with his baggage wagon followed in the 
morning. He says they were a green set, and not used 
to marching, and, all along the road, either men or horses 
had given out. At College Point (9 miles), the Cavalry 
had stopped to feed. He joined us at our halting-place. 
Our orders were to be at the Amite River by daylight. 

The New Yorkers had passed us between 4 and 5 
o clock, at a trot, and we fell in behind them at a walk, 
and passed them at the Governor Manning place: then 
struck into the Cut-off at about dark. Sergeant Read had 
added to his train a cane cart, three mules abreast. 

" We had not marched a great while," he says, " before 
we had to run the gauntlet of a regiment of Dough 
Boys, and had plenty to do to keep them off the carts. 
The first one we came to complained of being sick and 
lame, and our sympathies got the best of us. We let 
him ride ; but, after we found that he was the tail-end of a 
regiment, our hearts were hard as a stone." 

It was raining hard all the time. The Company es 
caped a heavy shower by stopping in one of the Dutch 
stores about 10 o clock, and moved on to the Amite 
River, about 12 miles more, about 8 o clock the first 
arrival. The baggage train came through a sea of mud, 
and got there early in the afternoon. 

The expedition was distributed down Bayou Manchac 
and Amite River. The Twenty-fourth Maine was sent 
to Hampton s Ferry, to bring down the flat boats, to use 
on the Amite, as the boats were all gone. A company 
of the New York Cavalry, with an experienced officer 
in charge, was placed at McGill s Ferry, andanother com 
pany put in the open ground near the Amite, and parts of 
the rest at the other ferries on the Bayou Manchac. Men 
of our Company were posted in an unoccupied building, 
near the Amite, and two men detailed as guides to the 



HISTORY OF READ S COMPANY. 293 

NewYorkers: Whittier at McGills, and Hurler atHamp- 
ton s Ferry. 

There had been some firing during the afternoon at 
the Amite by the Confederate pickets, and men were 
posted to reply. All seemed fairly quiet: guards were 
posted, and we started to get some sleep, about 9 or 10 
o clock, when the post at McGills came tumbling in, 
and more to follow. The Ferry is located about two 
miles back, and 300 or 400 yards from the road ; and 
coming to us was a blind move on their part. We 
turned out on foot, at first ; but afterward went back 
for our horses. Captain Read managed things very well. 

It seems, when a flat boat was coming past McGills, 
a party of Confederates came to the Bayou, heard the 
picket hail the boat, and began firing on the men in it, in 
the darkness, wounding several men, and keeping up a 
brisk fire, which was duly replied to. The boat drifted 
to the bank; and what men could get out cut and run. 
When we rode up to the little bit of woods, we saw no 
sign of the Confederates, nor of our New York friends; 
nor yet of the boat or boatmen. We had met some of 
the cavalry and wounded men as we came over. 

Captain Read had posted his men and made his 
plans, when up dashed two mounted men, who proved 
to be Hurter and Whittier, who were detailed to act as 
guides for the New Yorkers. Hurter had found Whit 
tier, and they were going af ter us for reinforcements. 

Sergeant Russell was sent to hunt for the men over the 
bank, but the boat had drifted off, and was down beyond 
abend in the bayou. The daylight revealed the boat 
and one badly wounded man. 

It seems that Whittier st ood his ground, and replied 
to the enemy s fire until they stopped, and all the rest 
had fled. I asked him why he stayed after they left, he 
said he had " blowed too much to run." 



294 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

We got the station properly manned, and settled down 
for rest. The next day, found the wounded man, and 
saw him safely out. It was a hard journey for him, as he 
had been two days wounded 

April 29 To Bonnet Carre, and back, with Major Bick- 
more. Rode about 30 miles. Had orders to march next 
d iv. Left on 3Oth, with 20 men from our company and 
25 m^nof New York Cavalry, under First Lieutenant 
Merckline. I was but a Second Lieutenant, and was to 
to go in command, as they had no Second Lieutenant in 
camp. Went to Doyals. Left Doyals in the morning 
at 5.30, and were at Cox s house, near the Prairie, at 7.30, 
and found they had been raided and cleaned out of sup 
plies in the night. I divided my command, and, taking 
15 men, went to all the ferries on Manchac ; but the Rebs 
had crossed hours ahead, as I expected. We arrived out 
at the Mississippi at 7 P.M., and reached our camp at 
3 P.M. on May 2nd. We were in good trim, after 121 
miles in three days. 

The last expedition and infantry diversion having 
stirred the Johnnies for a time, and being permitted to 
go to New Orleans for a few days, to meet General Sher 
man and General Nickerson, and do a little shopping, I 
found a movement was in the air. 

Left camp on horseback, 2 A.M., May 4, with Corporal 
Wright and an orderly. We took breakfast at McCutch- 
eon s Plantation, near the Red Church (a government 
place, and a general resting-place for the army. Got to 
to the city at noon. I went to General Sherman s head 
quarters, by appointment, 5th and 6th ; and at 4 P.M. 
on the 6th, started for camp, at Bonnet Carre. The 
Third Brigade was just embarking, and we started after, 
at a racing pace, and found the infantry at our camp had 
got on the same steamboat. We had done 50 miles by 
midnight. My bay horse had done good service. 



HISTORY OF READ S COMPANY. 295 

I left camp at 8 A.M., and left Corporal Wright at Man 
nings, to guide Colonel Davis and Texan Cavalry 
through the Cut-off; while the Twenty-first New York 
Battery came with me. Joined Captain Read and the 
the Company, as they started out from Doyals. 

When we got to the Amite, next day, found some 
infantry there, and the artillery began firing ; but no 
Texaris came until May n. Crossed the ferry a raft, 
next day at 6 A. M. A vidette post of the enemy was at the 
edge of the woods, and fell back as we raced after them ; 
but they continued to keep just ahead, and damaged all 
the bridges ; we repaired them, and kept on ; delayed about 
half an hour at the Tickfaw River Bridge. At Spring 
field, they were still in our front. Springfield was but 
four houses. We had slowed down, and some were get 
ting a drink of water. The advance guard was in doubt 
about the road, as there was a turn at the edge of the 
town -to the left, at right angles. A woman crossed the 
road, under the heads of Captain Read s and Lieuten 
ant Pope s horses never, apparently, noticing them on 
her way ; but said in a low, distinct voice : "Turn to the 
left be quick ! They re tearing up the bridge." 

The change of direction was signalled to the advance, 
and the company was galloping down to the bridge, 
when the advance, finding they could only pass on foot, 
left their horses, and went over on the string-pieces. A 
horse was found, tied to a tree ; the rider escaped to the 
woods on foot; the rest went away on horseback, only 
firing a few shots. We repaired the bridge, and all 
crossed, first, by jumping the opening, and, later, by the 
mended bridge, just at sunset. 

The flight of the Confederates was too soon for them 
to take any information about the strength of our party, 
which was three companies of Texans, two companies 



296 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

New York Cavalry, and Read s Company in advance ; 
Colonel Davis being in command of the whole. 

The little squad of Confederates went to Pontchatonla, 
about six miles away, and we took a blind road through 
the woods for Hammond Station. The moon was too 
late to be of much use at first, and we found our way by 
an open candle in the hands of one of the men. It was 
half-past 1 1 o clock when we reached Hammond Sta 
tion. 

Our men cut the telegraph wires, and burned the rail 
road bridge. Went toward Pontchatonla and bivouacked 
in the woods at 2 A.M. ; and a tired set we were, men and 
horses. 

We had gone about a mile toward Pontchatonla when 
our advance began to fire, and my platoon was deployed 
as skirmishers, parallel to the railroad, and to our line of 
march. A few men jumped on the railroad and the left 
dashed down the track, a few bringing back prisoners ; 
and some went on after more, and did not hear the 
recall. 

The men of the Company went to burning Rebel 
camps log houses and tents, but recently emptied, 
when a volley came ; but no one was hit. It was fired 
by 1 28th New York Infantry, who had come from New 
Orleans, via Pass Manchac. There was a brigade, all 
told. 

The round-up of our prisoners, when the rest of my 
men came back, was 17 Choctaws and i lieutenant. 
Two camps of Mississippi Cavalry and that of the Choc- 
taws were burned. 

May 14 Captain was used up. The Company went 
to the Hammond Station, where a large steam saw and 
grist mill and tannery were burned, but the Confederate 
shoe factory was left standing. The leather and shoes 
were taken out, and the lasts burned. Our men were 



HISTORY OF READ S COMPANY. 2Q7 

quartered at night in the Post Office at Pontchatonla, and 
the Captain and the Lieutenant with a Mr. Bradley. 

May 15 Left Pontchatonla at 5 P.M. via Hammond 
and Tickfaw stations. Corporal Spear was killed by the 
enemy in the night. We bivouacked in the woods ; rain 
at 2 A.M. 

May 1 6 Started at 5 A.M., and found the enemy at 
Independence. There were parts of Five Companies of 
Miss, and two Companies Louisiana Cavalry, being 
about 150 to 200 men in line. We were about 40 men, and 
Texans, under Lieut. Temple, to reinforce us. We were 
to skirmish with them, but a Texan company came up, 
which rendered the Confederates uneasy, and when 
another Texan company came up, they fled; only a few 
waited to give a parting short, and my men went after 
them. We chased them 25 miles. Loss of enemy : 
25 prisoners, and 10 or 12 killed, including a captain. 
Our company had two wounded, and some prisoners 
were taken by the Texans. 

We did all the damage to Camp Moore we could, and 
as we came down the railroad, burned the stations at 
Tangiphoa, Amite, Independence, and Tickfaw, the 
Texans being very active. Also a saw mill, and car fac 
tory, with some artillery carriages were burned. Stopped 
in the woods near Hammond on lyth, 2 A.M., 23 hours in 
saddle. 78 miles. Arrive at Pontchatonla at 10 A.M., 
May 17. 

May 1 8 Proceeded to Springfield, and bivouacked a 
mile from Tickfaw bridge nearest Amite river. 

May 19 Crossed the Amite after dark, and settled 
near McGill s ferry. Infantry left for Port Hudson. 

May 20 Captain Read left for camp and the city. 

May 21 Started with the Texans at 12.30 P.M., and left 
them at Doyals. We fed men and horses at Manning s. 
Arrived at Humphrey s at midnight; 50 miles, 
x 



2Q8 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

May 22 Colonel Davis, and Texans, came at 5 P.M.; 
left orders to move to Bonnet Carre immediately. Con 
cluded to wait until morning. 

May 23 Took all the men not needed to guard the 
camp and the sick to Bonnet Carre. Quartered men and 
horses at Louque s, and myself with Lieutenant Metcalf 
A. A. A. General. Telegraphed to New Orleans for 
orders, and sent a map by letter, with roads and sug 
gestions for patrols, etc., and location of camp. 

May 25 No reply to my report; left men to act as 
patrol at Bonnet Carre, and the rest went to Hum 
phrey s. After reaching camp, got a reply by telegraph 
and messenger, to act as I had already done. 

June 6 Lieutenant Allen died of wounds. 

June 8 Patrol took two Confederates, home on fur 
lough, prisoners. They were sent down by " Iberville." 
Captain Read went down by the same steamer. Rebels 
reported on the New River, and the Provost on the West 
side of the St. James finds that they are too thick for 
him. 

June 12 The u Anglo-American" stopped off camp, 
last night, and left early this morning. Took Provost to 
the other side ; he went to Vacherie, and had news from 
Thibodeau, and I went to Grand Point, and back to our 
Bayou. No trace of Confederates. The steamer brought 
up two companies of Twenty-eighth Maine, and took 
Captain Ayers 20 men to Camp Parapet. 

June 14 Capt. O Brien attended the church, near 
College Point, and wished me to -go with him. It being 
Corpus Christi day, the whole congregation turned out 
doors, and formed a large procession. The Provost and 
I took the lead of the men, the ladies preceding. Some 
ex-Confederates and Southern sympathizers were rather 
mad, but I said nothing, and it made no trouble. 

June 15 At 8.30 P.M. went with 10 men to New River; 



HISTORY OF READ S COMPANY. 299 

stopped at 2 A.M. at White Hall ; went to Orange Grove 
Plantation, to cross Bayou Convvay. Crossed on a log: 
we had burned the bridge about six months before. 
Took two prisoners. Went to the house of Captain 
Gonzales, of the Confederate Cavalry; but he had left. 
No Confederates found. Left for camp at 4.30 P.M., and 
arrived at 10.30, having been on foot 12 miles, and 54 
miles on horseback. 

June 19 Patrol report steamers "Anglo-American " 
and " Sioux" were burned at Plaquemine, and Donald- 
sonville threatened by 3000 Rebs. The bombardment at 
Port Hudson, which was heavy yesterday, suddenly 
stopped. 

June 25 Special Order 144, making the three inde 
pendent companies and the Forty-first Infantry to be the 
Third Massachusetts Cavalry. 

Captain Read went to New Orleans, with Dr. Haydell 
and M. Bourgeois as prisoners, being rebel sympathizers. 

June 28 Battle at Donaldsonville from 2 A.M. till day 
light; gunboats went up during the day; 100 prisoners 
taken ; 100 Confederates killed. 

July i Captain Read went to Bonnet Carre", and ob 
tained orders to move camp to that post. Gunboat 
" Monongahela " anchored just below our camp, for the 
night. Before she anchored, she sent a shot over the 
house of Francois Poche. Think Lieutenant Dewey 
was on board, as executive officer of the gunboat. 

July 2 Moved to Bonnet Carre, with all the baggage 
and a multitude of negroes. 

July 4 Crossed at Donaldson in the morning. Steamer 
"North America" went up. Left at 4 P.M.; wire all up. 
Shot at at White Hall again ; no rebs on this side. No. 3 
Gunboat was lying off Morson s ; at 9 P.M. put up at 
Welham Plantation. When at the church received orders 
to reach Bonnet Carre as fast as I could, conveniently. 



3OO THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Julys Started at 7 in the morning; halted 4 miles 
from destination. Received orders to return to Hum 
phrey s; arrived at 5 P.M. Captain and rest of the com 
pany at 11.30. Gunboats and steamers going down. 

July 8 Captain and myself had hardly settled down 
after the move, and were sleeping, when, at daylight, the 
sound of cannon woke us. Battery on the other bank 
had fired on the steamer " St. Mary," bringing news of 
the surrender of Port Hudson. The steamer escaped 
without being hit. Our patrol brought our first report 
of the fall of Vickburg and took up to Donaldson the re 
port of the " St. Mary s" escape. The death of Captain 
Read, of the "Monongahela " was reported by our patrol. 
We were now the only means of getting dispatches 
through. 

At 9 P.M. there was heavy firing up the river, which we 
knew was the gunboats engaging the battery at White 
Hall ; heard the College Point batteries taking their turn. 
Before the noise was all over the gunboats came in sight, 
engaging the Vacherie Battery. They anchored off our 
camp, and Captain Read wentj on board. The Admiral 
was there, with the " Tennessee," " Monongahela," 
" Essex" and No. 3. 

July 10, at 2 A.M., the "New London," on the way down, 
with dispatches from Port Hudson, was disabled by the 
White Hall battery, and run ashore on our side, about 
2 miles below, Many were scalded, but none killed. Some 
of them came down to our camp. Our patrol ran as 
couriers etc., and got infantry from Donaldson, to act 
as guard. General Weitzel, with his men, came down 
from Port Hudson to Donaldson. Patrol captured two 
prisoners, yesterday. Mr. Wallace was taken as a host 
age, today, from the Mather Plantation. 

" Essex " and " Monongahela " went up after the " New 
London," shooting at the batteries as they went up. 



HISTORY OF READ S COMPANY. 3OI 

Coming down, the " Essex " and " New London " were 
lashed together, " Essex " on the exposed side. We saw 
the fight with the Vacherie it was pretty lively. One 
gun was struck inthe muzzle, and sent into the road, and 
more shells sent after the retreating Rebs. 

July ii "Hartford" and others came down, but no 
shots from the batteries. I went on board the " Monon 
gahela" and "Essex" in the afternoon, and about mid. 
night, Captain Read was sent to come on board the " Es 
sex," because of firing towards La Fourche. 

July 13 Lieutenant French came to inspect us. Sent 
Sergeant Read to the city with prisoners. 

July 14 Captain Read turned up at n P.M. Paroled 
prisoners began to come by. On the i6th steamer " Im 
perial " passed down, said to be from St. Louis. 

July 17 Patrol up was ambuscaded about 2 A.M., and 
two men wounded. The others came down at 8 P.M. all 
right. Left wounded at Donaldsonville, Corp. Corcoran 
and private Kunz wounded. McGee s Cavalry, and 
Badger s and Williamson s Cavalry on our side, near the 
crossing, reported by our men. 

I learned nearly a year after the ambuscade by Cap 
tain Gonzales, whose house I visited, he did not desire to 
give the men a chance, so brought 54 men divided into 
three parties, about a half a mile apart, but behind the 
fence, beginning near the Orange Grove road. Our 
men put spurs to their horses, and went at a flying pace, 
and only two out of five men hit. 

July 24 At Captain Read s request I went to visit 
Third Massachusetts Cavalry. Left with patrol at mid 
night, and took steamer up from Donaldson. Visited 
Port Hudson, and Donaldsonville, and arrived at camp 
at 4 P.M., July 29. 

Aug. i Private Collins accidentally shot by Captain 



3O2 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Read. August 3, Captain Read and Private Collins 
went to the city with helpers. 

Sept. 22 Received news that Captain Metcalf of New 
York Cavalry was taken last night by the Rebels oppo 
site Donaldsonville. 

Sept 23 Started with 20 men at 12.30 A.M.; at Seals 
at 6 A. M. Rebels all gone. New Yorkers were watch 
ing the wire, and had two or three men in a place, and 
small patrols riding down to the College, and the main 
body, where the Captain was taken. We found they 
were much scared, and when we came down, they met us 
and took us for four or five hundred rebels, and went 
down river, past our camp, and on to Bonnet Carre. I 
got a report off at 5 P.M., but the telegraph office in the 
city could not take a dispatch. A steamboat of troops 
was sent up Burbridge s Brigade, I think and they 
scoured the country for some days about Manning s, and 
made quite a mix-up. The Adjutant-General at New 
Orleans said my promptness in starting out was com 
mendable, but he wished we would advise them before 
starting. 

Oct. 8 The Captain ordered to report to General 
Lee, in command of the Cavalry Depot at New Or 
leans. 

Oct. 9 Went to White Hall, and went out to Man 
ning s to inspect a picket and station there. 

Nov. 12 Gunboat " St. Clair," Captain Gregory, ar 
rived to run the larger and best mill, to saw lumber to use 
on the river gunboats. We moved the men s quarters to 
the other mill ; kept the horses under the other. Plenty 
of staves, and other firewood. 

At this station we had some good friends who dined us 
often. Our duties were not hard ; we had to keep the 
stations in good order by frequent inspections. 



HISTORY OF READ S COMPANY. 303 

Stations at Manning plantation 7 miles up : 

White Hall Quarters of the main body 

College Point 9 miles down 

Humphrey s 9 miles more below, 18 in all. 

And daily and nightly couriers, down and up, and good 
guard and pickets all must be examined by the guards 
on the road, all negroes halted at night, and no property 
passed in the night, but held for officer s inspection ; 
horses and mules not passed without a written permis 
sion of the master. We always tried to keep the negroes 
on their places, as better for them during the winter. 
Being a Deputy Provost, I had certain duty to perform, 
and the men to aid me in it. 



IN THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 



Feb. 27, 1864 Left, with the Company on steamer 
" J. Warner " at 9 A. M. The order that we would be 
relieved was received on the 2ist, and the company 
to replace us came on the 26th, before light. We had 
been in St. James fifteen months, and had become well ac 
quainted with the place and many of the people. Quite 
a number of citizens came to bid us good-bye at the 
steamboat. Lieut. Lewis and myself had called on a 
number of people, to make our adieux. Captain Beatty, 
whose company was to take our place, seemed a nice 
fellow, and I gave him all the information I could ; but his 
men were a trifle new and rough. 

I had to resign my position of Deputy Provost Mar 
shal, and Captain O Brien came to say good-bye. There 
was much traffic done by the boats on the river, and our 
patrols were very useful in caring for that traffic. 

28th Arrived in New Orleans, and not having defin 
ite orders, I tried the Third Massachusetts Cavalry first, 
then General Lee s headquarters, and was sent to the 
Cavalry Depot to quarter. 

Feb. 29 Was inspected and mustered by Major Cowen. 
The men were delighted to see him, and he was favorably 
impressed with the men; and the Lieut.-Colonel of the 
Eighteenth New York Cavalry said, he would like to 
change his regiment for my company. They did appear 
well, but were only 40 in number. Major Read, who 
was in command of the Cavalry Depot, did us many 
favors. He was the means of our going on the Red 
River Campaign. 



HISTORY OF READ S COMPANY. 365 

Major Read asked to have three men to serve guard 
at the entrance gate, and Lieut. Lewis as officer of the 
guard. The officers were startled out of their boots that 
night by being sharply challenged. They had gotten into 
slack ways, and it was a lesson to them. 

March 6 Trying all day to get away. Started at 2 P.M. 
and arrived at Brashear at 8 P.M. In getting horses off the 
train, there was a number lost. 

March 7 Got all the horses except two, which dropped 
through the freight platform in the darkness, and drifted 
in with the horses of another command. Col. Chrystal, 
of the Twenty-second New York, helped me to find 
the horses, and we got them all. 

Crossed the river at noon, and camped two miles up 
the bay. 

March 8 Started for Franklin, and camped at 3 P.M. 
on the bank of the Teche. Rain. The General arrived 
in the afternoon, and we began furnishing guards and 
orderlies. 11 Weather fine. Pitched Headquarters 
tents in the forenoon, and our tents in the afternoon. 

March 13 Inspection and orders to march. The 
Third Brigade passed about 10 P.M. Started at 7 A.M., 
next day, the enemy in front of the brigade. 

15 First Brigade in advance. Camped at Pont Preaux. 

16 Fourth Brigade in advance. Camped in the woods 
near Opelousas. Entered Opelousas on the i7th, and 
halted two or three hours. Got beef. 

18 Marched beside Bayou Bceuf all day; crossed and 
quartered in a corn barn. With the advance all day ; 
30 miles. 19 Marched to Alexandria. Dust four or 
five inches deep. When the General struck a rapid gait, 
by the time it came to the rear of the company a man 
would be entirely out of sight ; men dirty, horses used up. 
This was a dash from the Army of the Gulf to General 



306 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Smith s army at Alexandria. General Mower came out 
a few miles, to meet General Lee, and assist in crossing. 

20 Moved to the Bailey Plantation, and camped. 

23 Rain for some days.; now fine. Camped in town, 
not far from General Banks. Prisoners came in from 
Second Louisiana Cavalry, C.S.A. 

25 Rode to Third Massachusetts Cavalry. Ordered, 
with 6 men, at 10 p. M. to examine a burnt bridge, 
over Bayou Rapides, 7 miles out. It was a fine moon 
light night; and there was a camp-fire about 100 yards 
away ; but Guild and I reached and crossed the wrecked 
bridge. Guild watched, and I took measurements ; the 
other men were in charge of the horses in the wood. We 
got back, however, S,nd reported at Banks headquarters, 
to General Stone, who was very pleasant. 

28 Marched to Henderson s Hill; camped. Reached 
Cane River, 28th, at 8.30 P.M. 30 Started to cross Cane 
River. 31 Rode to Natchitoches, head of column, skir 
mishing all the way. 

April 2 to 6 To Crump s Hill, and Lieut. Lewis to 
Grand Ecore, with small party. A small fight; some 
prisoners. Returned to Natchitoches. Went to Grand 
Ecore with Wells, Bounwell and Young, all newspaper 
men. Bounwell took a sketch for Leslie wounded and 
dead from yesterday s fight over the river. Camped at 
Crump s Hill; fine weather. 

April 7 Started at 6 A.M. Cloudy and rain in the 
night. Halted at Pleasant Hill. A battle at Wilson s 
Farm ; again a mile further on at Carroll s Mill. We 
camped in the woods near the battlefield. Reinforce 
ments of infantry and artillery. Newspaper men lodged 
in my tent. 

April 8 Moved on with the reinforcments, and brushed 
the enemy before them, and finally formed line of battle 
on the field which was a slope with woods at the back, 



HISTORY OF READ S COMPANY. 307 

parallel with the road. I had been instructed to halt 
my company two miles or more back, and then, as mat 
ters appeared to get quiet, we would move up a bit, and 
finally were in a low field at the foot of the hill. A little 
after noon there came a lull, and after a lunch, we 
mounted, and went past a farmhouse into an open field, 
where General Banks, and some of his staff were halted. 
One of his staff suggested General Banks using my 
company to form a line. The General consented, and 
we covered what little we could with the twenty or 
twenty-five remaining men, the rest being with General 
Lee as couriers. 

General Banks remained some minutes with his staff 
circling around him, until finally they moved more rap 
idly, and broke to the rear from the right. As no strag 
glers appeared, or too far away for us to stop them, I 
order the men to break to the rear also. We formed on 
the next bit of wood, just over the fence. I gave half the 
men to Lieutenant Lewis, and we went each to a side of 
the road where our two teams were the nearest to the 
front, and the first to go to the enemy. 

The road was filled with wagons and artillery for a 
long distance, and so we gave up the chance of moving 
ours, especially as a solid shot was lodged in one of them 

We were moving to rear in single file, when there was 
a noise behind me, a bullet crashing through Bugler 
Hartner s hat. Our next move was into a ploughed field, 
fenced in rails, jumped by the first horses, and broken, 
down a rail or two, by the later ones. This sloped down 
to a dry run, and then up to a farmhouse. The road 
was filled with teams, and mounted men. Amongst 
them was John Bates, and another headquarter s clerk, 
who came under my wing, with a New York Cavalry 
officer who fell in with us. 

Lieutenant Lewis was, with his party, cut off from us 



308 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

by the road. At this point was an officer using a pistol 
on one of his men ; some strong language and then a 
shot ! We preferred to go. 

We found, on the right side of the road, some men who 
had gathered about a fire. Then we went on to where 
they were trying to form the men into regiments quite 
like carriage drivers at a station, shouting for customers. 
We drew out and waited. 

We came down on the left of the road, just as the Nine 
teenth Corps was wheeling into line, and found a gap to 
pass through. The rest was a march in the darkness : 
artillery and teams in the road, and trees and stumps on 
the side, and a hard ride it was. At 3.30 A.M. arrived 
at Pleasant Hill, and took possession of the piazza 
of a house, and was getting some sleep. When I 
waked, Lieutenant Lewis was beside me, the piazza 
being full of fugitives. Wagons, men, and horses, were 
everywhere, in confusion. 

At 9 A.M., of the Qth, General Smith arrived, and 
things were cleared for action, The Nineteenth Corps 
formed a line of battle a mile or so beyond the house we 
put up at. Left Pleasant Hill at 2 P.M., and halted 
within fifteen miles of Natchitoches. Battle going on 
after dark. Fifth Brigade was with us. 

April ii At ii A.M., move to Grand Ecore, and we 
settle down in shanty we made of boards for Captain 
Howell and Lieutenant Lewis, who, with their company 
of Thirty-First Massachusetts Infantry, Mounted, had 
the headquarters baggage train to look after, and Lieu 
tenants Pope and Lewis of our Company. We were all 
comfortably* situated, and we rested from our fatigues. 
Patten and Hartman turned up. 

April 12 We were short of commissary supplies and 
forage. I told the men they must shift for themselves 
for bread, and explained the situation fully. One day 



HISTORY OF READ S COMPANY. 309 

two men who went down to the river to water their 
horses, found some boxes of hard tack on the wagons of 
a pontoon train, camped on the batture. As they came 
back, each took a box on his horse, and galloped up the 
bank. This meant two days supply for the company. 

April 13 Were mounted to go the front, but a for 
aging party was going instead. On the i4th there was 
news of fighting up the river, and alarm here today. 
General Lee and staff rode around the works. We went 
also. 

April 17 General Lee and Governor Hall reviewed 
the Sixth Missouri Cavalry. Was present. 

April 18 General Lee ordered to be relieved, and a 
good-bye party General Emery, General Franklin, and 
Colonel Dudley present. The next day General Lee left 
for New Orleans, and General Richard Arnold took 
command. 

April 22 Started at 2 A.M. Halted till daylight ; line of 
battle about noon, and waited for the wagon train to pass; 
then marched, and late went into camp. I was with 
Leslie s artist in a building in the rear. Sergeant Read 
was located under a little corn-house, and looked very 
nicely fixed. 

April 23 Up early; marched five miles; had an artil 
lery fight ; The infantry drove the artillery from the hill, 
over the river, and part of the army crossed Cane River. 

April 25 Went to Alexandria, and camped near 
Bayou Rapides. On the 28th, quite a scare on our flank 
between us and the Bayou, and some troops camped there. 
Finally settled the headquarters camp in town at the 
Market Yard. There was not a real fight after all, but 
Major Cowen of the Staff, and his orderly, Guild 
rode into the Confederate lines, and were captured. 

April 30 Moved camp to S. E. corner of the 
city ; mustered company. 



3IO THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

May i Lieutenant Lewis started for New Orleans, 
Went North on sixty days leave. Met the officers 
of the "St. Clair," who ran the White Hall Saw 
mill, when we were there. 2nd Guild returned, escaped 
from the enemy. 

6 Firing below yesterday and today. Transports 
came back, and some steamers fell into the hands of the 
enemy ; river is blockaded ; mounted at 2 o clock in the 
morning; went to the Department Headquarters, and to 
the Fourth Brigade. On the 8th dined with General 
Nickerson, and his Adjutant-General Metcalf, to whom 
we reported in St. James. 

12 Saw some gunboats come over the dam. Orders 
to be ready to march at midnight. 13th, Rode up to the 
dam to report when the last were through, which must 
have been about 7 o clock. At 8 a fire broke out, and the 
best our party could do was to save the house where our 
General had his headquarters. The poor people who 
had moved their goods three or more times, lost them 
after all. Made a camp on the batture, outside the 
levee, and see and hear the infantry talking it over. 

14 Marched about 7 in the morning. We passed where 
the Rebels blockaded th e river. We had skirmishes 
more or less during the day, and camped on the banks 
of the Red River about dark. 

15 Marched to Marksville ; shirmishing in sight in all 
directions 39 miles from Alexandria. 

16 Battle began at 6 A.M. for us. We went to the 
front, and at 8, General Arnold took command of the 
rear-guard. The army was a fine display, being all in 
sight at once ; the Prairie was about 8 miles wide, without 
trees ; the flags and bands enlivened the scene. The ad. 
vance and the main body of the infantry passed ; the 
trains followed in. The plain was almost empty, when a 
wagon came galloping from the trees about a farmhouse. 



HISTORY OF READS CAVALRY. 31 1 

The driver was fast reducing the 4 miles to the centre, 
when a column of horsemen came from the right front 
toward the farm ; but we could not distinguish the gui 
dons. By direction of the General, I sent to advise the 
right rear guard, skirmishing in front, and later informed 
them of their identity. 

17 Started at daylight, after crossing the bayou ; had 
a running fight till dark. Called to assist on General 
Arnold s staff. At our last position we were in a bit of 
dead wood. As the troops were getting into position, I 
went back under the dead trees, to see if they were pass 
able, and riding to the right, to find the General, there 
came a scattering fire at the General and his escort, dis 
abling Arnold s horse. A couple of mountain guns 
quieted matters. General Mower told General Arnold to 
drop the cavalry through, and he would arrange for the 
night, and began with two batteries using shells, with ter 
rible effect. 

On a rumor of Banks relief, and of a battle expected, 
on i8th and igth, May 20 crossed at 6 in the morning on 
the bridge of steamboats, and was on duty with my men 
at the bridge, by orders of General Canby, who succeeded 
General Banks. Army finished crossing at 4. 30 P.M. 

21 Rode back to Morganza. Company tranquil. 

26 At Bayou Saver; 27, at Baton Rouge; 28, Bayou 
Plaquemine; 29, at Old Hickory Plantation: 30, rode to 
Donaldsonville ; left on " Pole Star" for New Orleans. 

31 Arrived at New Orleans. 

July 20 Took most of the Company to Algiers, and 
left them to go on steamer in charge of Lieut. Lewis. 
I went after detached men. 

Aug. 4 Left on " Empire City," with Sergeant Read 
and five others. 

10 Arrived at Fortress Monroe. 



IN THE SHENANDOAH VALLEY. 



Aug. ii Landed at Washington, D. C, at 11 P.M. 
Spent the night on the wharf. 

12 Marched to camp at Tennally Town, and found 
some fragments of Third Massachusetts Cavalry, and 
some we brought, and other Nineteenth Corps men, in 
camp. 

13 Under marching orders. 

14 Started at 4 A.M.; crossed Chain Bridge; camped 
on Difficult Creek at 2 P.M. 15 miles. 

15 Camped on Broad Run ; 12 miles. 

16 Went through Leesburg, and camped just outside. 

17 Camped three miles from Snicker s Gap. 

[We had, I think, about 3,000 men, fragments of different regi 
ments of the Nineteenth Corps, under command of General 
Grover, bound for the Shenandoah Valley to join General Sheri 
dan. To this point we had come by easy marches, taken in the 
early part of the day, and halt beihg made on a stream each 
dav where an opportunity was given for a refreshing bath. We 
had done our marching for the day, and had our dinner and bath, 
when word came that we must march again, going through the 
Gap to " meet up with " the Valley Army on the other side, and 
it was suggested the army might pass the Gap on the Valley 
side, if we did not move with celerity.] 

The march through the Gap, and the Shenandoah 
forded, and five miles beyond, at 12. 30 A.M. Tired and 
wet. 

Aug. 18 Marched at 5 A.M., and halted near the regi 
ment about noon. 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 313 

21 Heavy firing, and orders to move at 2 P.M. 

22 Arrived at heights near Halltown. Regiment on 
fatigue duty building earthworks. 

26 A shower threatens at night and a battle is immi 
nent. 

27 Was detailed as acting Assistant Inspector, on 
staff of Colonel Edward L. Molineaux, Second Brigade, 
Second Division, Nineteenth A. C. 

Second Lieutenant Samuel W. Lewis takes command. 
The Company scattered in the Regiment, and took part 
in the Shenandoah Campaign. The men who were mus 
tered in November 15, 1861, went to Boston with Lieu 
tenant Pope and Lieutenant Lewis, and were mustered 
out November 26, 1864. The rest of the men of later 
date were transferred to the Regiment. 



REMINISCENCES. 



LIEUTENANT DANE 



AND THE 



SIGNAL CORPS, 



TT may not be generally known, even by the members of 
- the Third Cavalry, that the regiment was represented 
on the SIGNAL SERVICE of the Nineteenth Army Corps. 
This was a most important branch of the service, and 
the men selected from the regiment reflected credit upon 
the organization. Four men were on this mission. 

LIEUT. HARRY C. DANE was an officer in the Forty-first 
Mass. Infantry. Before the war, he developed a taste for 
study, and, by dint of hard work, obtained a liberal edu 
cation. He studied in Cambridge, Mass., and in Eng 
land. He was also fond of travel ; and when the Civil 
War broke out, was journeying up the Rhine and over 
the Alps. Lieutenant Dane was a most intelligent man, 
and had made some progress in scientific study. 

When he volunteered to aid the government in putting 
down rebellion, he was about thirty years of age, and 
lived in Cambridge, Mass. Leaving his books, and aban 
doning attractive studies he was eager to enter the army 
and give himself up to the service of his country. 



LIEUTENANT DANE. 315 

He was commissioned by Governor Andrew as Lieu 
tenant of Infantry, and assigned to Company F, Forty- 
first Regiment, commanded by Captain Henfield. He 
was a good soldier and officer, and while with the Forty- 
first, won the confidence of officers and men. " Duty " 
was his watchword ; and from it he never shrank. 

While the Forty-first Regiment was encamped at the 
Union Race-course, on Long Island, an order came for a 
detail of one Lieutenant and three men for special ser 
vice. The detail was made out, the men left camp, and 
we saw them in the regimental ranks no more. They 
were to serve on the Signal Corps in the coming " Expe 
dition." 

They proceeded at once to New York, thence to 
New Orleans, and began to fit themselves for the duties 
of their important station. 

During the occupation of Baton Rouge by Grover, 
the Signal Corps was very active, communicating with 
Farragut s fleet and Banks headquarters. During the 
siege of Port Hudson, Lieutenant Dane established his 
station near the lines, and rendered important service to 
Banks army in the entire campaign. After the surren 
der of the Fort, Dane and his men repaired to New 
Orleans, and prepared to go with the ill-starred expedi 
tion, then fitting out for the capture of Sabine Pass. 
They left New Orleans on the "Sachem," a small gun 
boat, commanded by Lieutenant Amos Johnson. The 
expedition started September 4th, and on the 8th, arrived 
at Sabine Pass. 

Banks had a strong desire to plant the Stars and 
Stripes over the forts at Sabine Pass. He had great 
hopes in regard to this expedition. 

While the Third Cavalry was garrisoning Port Hud 
son, the news came of Franklin s disaster at Sabine 
Pass: "The Clifton had been captured!" "The 



316 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

* Sachem had been blown up ! and Lieutenant Dane had 
been made a prisoner." Afterward it was learned that 
two of his three men had been killed, and the other 
taken. 

The men were indignant. This disaster seemed to 
them a miserable blunder. Franklin had orders to use 
caution. He was told by Banks to land his troops ten 
or twelve miles below the forts. In his " American Con 
flict," Greely says that, "decently managed, this move 
ment could not have miscarried." Franklin, however, 
seems to have been over sanguine. Instead of surpris 
ing the enemy, the enemy surprised him. The Union 
General gave his enemy ample warning of his coming 
and intention. Instead of using " caution," he was 
rash. Instead of landing troops below the forts, he tried 
to land within a few rods of the fort. Franklin and 
Crocker, who commanded the fleet, decided to imitate 
Farragut, and " run " the batteries; a dangerous thing 
to clo, without Farragut s ships and nerve. 

The " Clifton" started first, followed by the " Charles 
Thomas," a transport loaded with troops ! Then came 
three gunboats, the " Arizona," the " Sachem " and the 
" Granite City." The troops were ordered to land about 
a thousand yards below the fort ! 

Hardly had the " Sachem " come within range of the 
enemy s batteries, when a shot struck her steampipe and 
disabled her. On board of her were Dane, Borden, 
Cobb, and Ridley, all belonging to the regiment, detailed 
at Long Island by Col. Chickering at Banks request. 

Borden came from Company A, Captain Vinal ; Rid 
ley from Company B, Captain Noyes ; and Cobb from 
Company C, Captain Swift. They were all good men, 
and had, by meritorious conduct, commended them 
selves to their superior officers. 

When the " Sachem " was struck by the shot from the 



LIEUTENANT DANE. 317 

enemy s battery, she hauled down her colors and surren 
dered. After continuing the fight for about twenty min 
utes, the " Clifton " followed suit. When the shot struck 
the " Sachem," Borden and Cobb were killed by the 
scalding steam. 

When the gunboat surrendered, Lieutenant Dane and 
private Ridley were, of course, made prisoners. Abra 
ham F. Borden was a good soldier, and a brave man. 
His home was in New Bedford. He was married, and 
left a wife and two childen to mourn his sad end. An 
drew P. Cobb enlisted in Roxbury. His home was on 
the Cape, in the village of Hyannis. A widowed mother 
mourned his death for many years. His name is on the 
soldier s monument in the town of Barnstable. 

Writing of this unfortunate affair, Ridley says : " I 
learned after the " Johnnies " got us into Texas, that 
Borden and Cobb were taken on shore, and buried on 
Texas soil. That is all I could ever learn of them." 

Concerning his experiences as a prisoner of war, Flag 
man Ridley writes : " At the time I was taken prisoner 
with Lieutenant Dane, on September 8th, 1863, we were 
carried up the river to Sabine City. From this we were 
taken to Beaumont. At Beaumont we were put on 
board some platform cars, and carried to Houston, 
Texas. Spent Sunday at latter place (we were captured 
on Thursday); from Houston we went to the town of 
Hampstead, and were put into a camp where there were 
some sheds. Here we were kept awhile, and then 
" paroled" for the road. An exchange was soon to take 
place at Shreveport, La. 

It was now December, and I was barefooted. The 
ground was frozen, and we were started out for a trip of 
more than two hundred miles to Shreveport. We made 
about 260 miles in about 26 days, marching barefooted 
over the frozen earth. When we got within ten miles of 



318 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Shreveport, we were turned into the woods loose. As 
we were on our individual parole, it was supposed that 
no one would try to escape. However they did, all the 
same, as it was learned that we would probably not be 
exchanged after all. The enemy had learned that 
Banks had commenced to come up the Red River. 

We were then moved across the road, and a guard 
was put around us. We were thus kept in this locality 
a short time, and then marched back again, over the 
same road, about 140 miles, to "Camp Ford," Tyler, in 
Texas. Here we stayed until July, when we were once 
more started for an exchange. About August ist, at the 
mouth of the Red River, we were finally exchanged, 
reaching New Orleans on August 2nd, just as the bells 
were ringing for church. We were ragged, dirty and 
covered with vermin. We had been eleven months in 
the enemy s hands. We had travelled 
about 650 miles ; and when we reached 
New Orleans, we had on the same shirt 
and pants we wore when we were cap. 
tured at Sabine Pass. My living was a 
quart of corn-meal a day. The meal was 
coarse, ground cobs and all. Most of the 
time I slept in holes in the ground, very 
PRIVATE RIDLEY- much like ground hogs." 

At this writing, Comrade Ridley is living in Methuen, 
Mass. ; and the sufferings and hardships of his army 
life are only a memory now. Being a commissioned 
officer, Lieutenant Dane did not fare quite so hard as 
Ridley. As his lips are sealed in death, no account 
comes to us of his experiences while " held by the 
enemy." Like many more, however, could he speak, he 
would "a" tale unfold" that would be an interesting 
contribution to the pages of this work. Certain facts, 
however, have been obtained concerning his eventful 
career. 




LIEUTENANT DANE. 319 

After Lieutenant Dane had obtained his liberty, he 
resigned from the Signal Corps and Army at Vicksburg, 
and returned to civil life. He now took up the practice 
of law in New Orleans. Later, he came North, and was 
united in marriage to Miss Stevens, of Cambridge, in 
which city he remained a short time. From Cambridge 
he went to Washington, to become a Claim Agent for 
his late comrades in arms. 

And now a great sorrow came to him in the death of 
his wife. Leaving Washington, he entered the Lecture 
field ; and, in connection with the Redpath Bureau, be 
came quite famous throughout New England as a plat 
form orator. 

Lieutenant Dane was quite an extensive traveller. He 
visited Europe, and spent forty-two months in Australia, 
studying the country, and collecting material for his 
future lectures. While in Australia, he was married the 
second time. 

As a public speaker, he was ready, fluent and impres 
sive. Speaking without notes, and filled with his theme, 
he carried his audience along with him, and kept their 
attention to the close. Some of his themes were : " The 
Iron Horse and its Rider," " Modern Priests and Ancient 
Parsons;" " The Hard Engagements of the Rebellion ;" 
" Rebel Prison Pens;" "Up the Rhine;" "Over the 
Alps:" "George Peabody," Etc. 

On his way home from Australia, Lieutenant Dane 
(now known as Major Dane) died during the voyage, 
and was buried at sea. Thus closed the earthly career 
of one of the most interesting and valuable men in the 
regiment. 



THE 

FORLORN HOPE 

AND THE 

THIRD CAVALRY. 



DURING the siege of Port Hudson, General Banks 
made two attempts to carry the enemy s works by storm. 
The first assault was made on the 27th of May, 1863, 
when the Nineteenth Corps made a most heroic charge 
on the Confederate works. In this assault, the Union 
army lost 1995 men. It was a fearful price to pay for an 
unsuccessful attempt. The men fought well, as the 
reports show ; but the odds were against them. When 
the reports came in, it was found that 15 officers had 
been killed, 90 had been wounded, and two were missing. 
Of the enlisted men, 278 were killed, 1455 wounded, and 
155 were missing. Of the missing, the most of them 
were dead. It was a dreadful disappointment to the 
army; making serious work for the surgeons, and weak 
ening the confidence of the army in its Commander. It 
is a most significant fact that Banks Assistant Adju 
tant-General admits that " the confidence that had but a 
few hours before run so high, was rudely shaken ; 
and it is but the plain truth to say that their reliance on 
the Department commander never quite returned." 

Among the many men killed on that fatal day were 

Lieut-Col. W. L. Rodman, of the 38th, and Lieut.-Col. 

James O Brien, of the 48th Mass.. regiments. Lieut.-Col. 

O. W. Lull, of the 8th N. H., fell at the head of his 

regiment. Among the wounded were such names as 




MAJOR H. C. DANE. 
SIGNAL CORPS. 1863. 



THE FORLORN HOPE. 32! 

Brig.-Gen. T. W. Sherman; Gen. Neal Dow, of Maine; 
Col. W. F. Bartlett, of the 49th Mass., and others. 

Nothing daunted, Banks now decided to make a second 
attempt to storm the citadel of the enemy. 

On the i4th of June, at 11.30 p. M., orders were issued 
from Headquarters for the forward movement of the 
army. This was the plan : At 2.30 A. M., Auger was to open 
fire on the enemy s position with all of his artillery. 
Dwight was to force an entrance on the extreme left, down 
by the river-bank. The main assault, however, was to be 
made made by Grover on the right centre of the line. 
The skirmishers were to begin at 3.30 A. M. 

Punctually at the appointed time, the big guns began 
to roar. Then came the Tattle of musketry ; then the 
intrepid charge. It was one af the most fierce contests 
of the war. The advancing troops of Grover were met 
with a galling fire from the Confederates, who, protected 
behind their long line of earthworks, rose up quickly, 
delivered their fire, and then fell back behind their hiding 
places. Some of the enemy s missiles were fired at point- 
blank range. At the head of the storming column was 
the gallant Paine, who fell at the first volley, pierced by 
a rifle-ball. Some of the men of the Eighth New Harnp. 
shire and Thirty-eighth Massachusetts actually gained 
the ditch in front of the enemy s position ; and it seemed 
for a moment as if the day had been won ! All who 
charged that far, however, fell into the enemy s hands, as 
the rest of the division fell back to the cover of the hill. 
Some ground was gained by Dwight. A rough hill 
was taken and held ; and on its side some guns were 
mounted, that were a constant terror to the men behind 
the Confederate works opposite. 

Banks had again been baffled ! This second attempt 
was even more humiliating than the first. Some mili. 
tary writers have been pleased to call it a "disaster." 



322 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Many of the bravest and best men in the Army were 
either dead or wounded. It has been said that " no 
darker day ever came to the Nineteenth Corps." " Dark 
ness never shut in upon a gloomier field." The first as 
sault cost Banks 1,995 men 5 the second, 1,805. 

In May, 15 officers were killed ; in June, 21. In May, 
90 were wounded; In June, 72. In May, 278 men were 
killed; in June, 182. In May 1,455 were wounded ; in 
June 1,245. 

Under cover of the night the wounded of the Nine 
teenth Corps crawled back within the Union lines. 
The dead were left where they fell, well up toward the 
Confederate earthworks. Many a wounded comrade 
died from heat and thirst before kind hands brought 
him aid and comfort. 

On the 1 6th, there was a suspension of hostilities, and 
the dead were laid in a soldier grave the trench ! 

Although Banks had made two attempts to enter Port 
Hudson, and had failed, he was not deterred from form 
ing a plan for a third assault. On June i5th, he issued 
his famous order, calling for 1000 volunteers to storm 
the enemy s works." In this order, Banks congratulates 
the army upon its steady advance toward the Confeder 
ate position ; at the same time expressing g^eat confi 
dence as to the final outcome of the siege. He appealed 
to the men of his command in the following never-to-be- 
forgotten words; 

GENERAL ORDERS No. 49. 

HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE GULF, 
NINETEENTH ARMY CORPS, 

BEFORE PORT HUDSON, June 15, 1863. 

The commanding general congratulates the troops before Port 
Hudson upon the steady advance made upon the enemy s works, and 
is confident of an immediate and triumphant issue of the contest. We 



THE FORLORN FIOPE. 323 

are at all points upon the threshold of his fortifications. One more 
advance, and they are ours. 

For the last duty that victors imposes, the commanding general 
summons the bold men of the Corps to the organization of a storm 
ing column of a thousand men, to vindicate the flag of the Union and 
the memory of its defenders who have fallen. Let them come for 
ward. 

Officers who lead the column of victory in this last assault may be 
assured of the just recognition of their services by promotion, and 
every officer and soldier who shares its perils and glory shall receive a 
medal fit to commemorate the first grand success of the campaign of 
1863 f r tne freedom of the Mississippi. His name will be placed 
i n General Orders upon the roll of honor. 

Division commanders will at once report the names of the officers 
and men who may volunteer for this service, in order that the organi 
zation of the column may be completed without delay. 
By command. 

MAJOR-GENERAL BANKS. 

RICHARD B. IRWIN, 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 

In the Nineteenth Corps was a brave officer from Con 
necticut. He had come to the army at the head of the 
Thirteenth Regiment Connecticut volunteers. At Irish 
Bend, he had distinguished himself by his gallantry in 
action. While at Port Hudson, he had been among the 
bravest of the brave. Colonel Henry W. Birge now came 
forward, and offered to lead the " Forlorn Hope," as it 
was called. There were some in the army who looked 
with disfavor upon this movement ; but so great was the 
respect in which Birge was held that it was not long 
before a full thousand had volunteered to follow Birge 
to victory or death. 

It is unfortunate that the original roll of this storming 
party was captured by the Confederates and lost. A 
second roll turned in by the Assistant Adjutant-General 



324 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRV. 

has never been found among the archives of the War 
Department. 

As nearly as can be reckoned, 1,036 men volunteered 
to go into this Forlorn Hope. Of these 80 were officers 
and 956 were enlisted men. Birge s old regiment 
seemed to have caught the spirit of their colonel, for the 
Thirteenth Connecticut furnished 243 officers and men 
for this hazardous undertaking. As soon as Banks order 
was made known to the Third Cavalry, 36 officers and 
enlisted men stepped forward and marched to Birge s 
camp of the " Stormers." 

Here in a secluded spot, on the right of the line, just 
behind the Naval Battery, these heroes prepared them, 
selves for the desperate work assigned them. It was a 
serious time. Some made their wills ; some confided to 
comrades some last message to their families and friends 
They prepared to die. 

For the benefit of all who may chance to read the 
pages of this book, and in justice to the brave men, who, 
at that critical time in the nation s history, were willing 
to lay down their lives, the writer gives the names and 
rank of those who went thus at duty s call from the 
Third Massachusetts Cavalry. 

OFFICERS : Col. Thomas E. Chickering. 

Captains John L. Swift (C) ; Francis E. Boyd (H). 

Lieutenants William T. Hodges (C) ; Henry S. 
Adams (Adjutant) ; David P. Muzzey (G) ; Charles W. 
C. Rhodes (H.) 

NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS : Sergeant-Major William 
S. Stevens, ist Sergeant Nathan G. Smith (C); 
Horace P. Flint (C). 
Corporal George D. Cox (C). 
Sergeants Jason Smith (G); Patrick S. Curry (G); 



THE FORLORN HOPE. 325 

William Wildman (H); John Kelly (H); George E. 
Long(H). 

Corporals William S. Caldwell (H); Randall F. Hun- 
newell (H); William P. Pethic (H); Charles Miller 
(H); William R. Davis (H). 

PRIVATES: Ferdinand Rolle (A); Joseph Elliott (C); 
Edward Johnson (C) ; Simon Daly (G) ; Peter 
Donahoe (G); James Gallagher (G); John Gran- 
ville (G); James McLaughlin (G); Solomon Hall 
(G); Edward T. Ehrlacher (H); Gros Granadino (H); 
Eli Hawkins (H); Patrick J. Monks (H); John 
Veliscross (H); George Wilson (H). 

It will be seen from the above list that the regiment 
furnished 7 officers and 29 enlisted men. Among the 
officers was the Colonel, Adjutant, 2 Captains, and 4 
Lieutenants. Among the enlisted men were 8 Sergeants, 
6 Corporals, and 15 Privates. Making a total of 36 vol 
unteers. 

It will also be observed that most of the volunteers 
came from three companies, viz., C, G and H. Com 
pany A furnished i ; Company C, 7, including 2 officers ; 
Company G, 10, including i officer; while Company H 
sent 1 6, including 2 officers. It ought to be said, how 
ever, that some of the companies were away on detached 
service, and so did not have an opportunity to volunteer. 
" Deeds like these," says General Chamberlain," can never 
perish from the earth. They live in memory, and speak 
to after peoples and after ages noble monuments of 
what man will do for man." 

The location of the camp was a secret to many ; never 
theless frequent visits of officers were made to this re 
treat of the volunteers. Says one of those who was of 
the party : 

" Generals Banks, Weitzel, Grover, Emory, Auger, staff 



326 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

officers, colonels, and officers of the several regiments 
visited the camp of the Forlorn Hope on the 3d of July, 
and took messages for the dear ones at home, and bade 
their old comrades a final and sorrowful farewell. For 
who was there among them who expected to see a mem 
ber of that little band alive after the assault ? The com 
mand was drawn up into line and General Banks ad 
dressed them, ending with the suggestion that after 
they were dismissed they should go to their tents and 
write messages and letters to their loved ones at home. 

"This is done and the chaplain takes the mail, and with 
orders to turn out at the sound of the muffled long roll, 
the men of the Forlorn Hope go to their tents to try 
and rest." 

It was a solemn hour in those comrades history. 
A writer in a soldier s organ says of that impressive 
scene: "The boys bade us good-bye as though they 
never expected to see us again." 

It was the intention to charge the enemy at day 
break of the Fourth of July, and to eat breakfast inside 
the rebel works; so when the long roll sounded at half-past 
two in the morning, each man with courage undaunted 
and a look of determination, silently took his place in 
line. Soon General Banks and staff appear in the front, 
and the smile upon his face is seen. At that time, sit 
ting soldierly and proud upon his horse, with hat in 
hand, he rides along the line and back, halts, and salutes 
the troops. He then reads a dispatch from General 
Grant stating that Vicksburg was about to surrender, 
and that he would send him reinforcements. 

Consequently the contemplated attack at this time 
was delayed, and when the rebel General, Gardner, com 
manding the forces at Port Hudson, heard of the fall of 
Vicksburg, he, on July 8th, 1863, sent out a flag of truce, 
and surrendered his entire command to General Banks. 



THE FORLORN HOPE. 327 

It was fortunate for these heroic men that Vicksburg 
surrendered when it did. Grant s victory saved many a 
Northern home from a great sorrow, and many a brave 
soldier from a dreadful death. The men of the Third 
Cavalry well remember the night when the notes of a 
bugle was heard at Plains Store, which was the signal 
to "Cease Firing." Not long after, there came from 
within the fort an officer with a lantern and a white 
handkerchief, which served as a " flag of truce." A dis 
patch was brought by them to Banks. Gardner was anxious 
to learn the news: "Had Vicksburg actually surren 
dered, or was it all a hoax ? " Banks sent back to Gardner 
a copy of Grant s dispatch, which opened up the way for 
Gardner to surrender. Gardner now sent the following 
letter to Banks: 

" Having defended this position as long as I deem my 
duty requires, I am willing to surrender to you, and will 
appoint a commission of three officers to meet a similar 
commission appointed by yourself, at 9 o clock this 
morning, for the purpose of agreeing upon and drawing 
up the terms of surrender, and for that purpose I ask for 
a cessation of hostilities. Will you please designate a 
point, outside of my breastworks, where a meeting shall 
be held for this purpose ? " 

To this Banks replied : " I have designated Brigadier- 
General Charles T. Stone, Colonel Henry W. Birge, and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Richard B. Irwin, as the officers to 
meet the commission appointed by you. They will meet 
your officers at the hour designated, at a point near where 
the flag of truce was received this morning. I will direct 
that all active hostilities shall cease, on my part, until 
further notice, for the purpose stated." Meanwhile 
every gun was silent, and every soldier rested. It was a 
great day! 

General Dwight was afterwards substituted for Colonel 



328 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Irwin, and at nine o clock, July 8, 1863, they proceeded to 
attend to their duties. They were soon met by Colonel 
Miles, Colonel Steadmau and Lieut-Colonel Smith, of 
the Confederate army. They were to surrender " uncon- 
tionally." Gardner approved the terms ; and at 2.30 p. M. 
General Banks put his signature to the important docu 
ment. At Plains Store, a wagon train of "rations" for 
the hungry garrison had been waiting, and now rolled 
along and into the fort. This timely succor was received 
with hearty cheers by the Confederates, as the wagons 
passed along unmolested. The wagons went through 
the sally-port on their errand of mercy to the half-starved 
garrison within. 

General Andrews, of Banks staff, was master of cere 
monies on the day of occupation, July 9. At seven 
o clock in the morning, the column began to move. At 
its head was Andrews and staff. Next came the men of 
the Forlorn Hope. To Birge and his bold volunteers 
was given this post of honor. Who shall say they had 
not earned it ? 

The ceremonies of capitulation were exceedingly sim 
ple and short. Gardner and his officers were in place. 
Every able-bodied man was in line. 6,340 men were 
prisoners of war. Of these, 405 were officers, and 5,935 
enlisted men. At the command "Ground arms! " from 
Gardner, every musket went down upon the ground 
while every soldier bowed his head in token of submis 
sion to the military authority of the United States. 
The " Stars and bars " came down from the flag-staff, 
and the stars and stripes went up, and took their place. 

The Confederates had made a most heroic defence. 
They had fought like brave men, long and well. Now 
the end of the struggle had come; they filed off as 
prisoners of war, to be paroled, and the formal cere 
monies were ended. 




FRANCIS T. HOLDER. 



LIEUTENANT MUZZEY 



AND THE 



FEMALE SPY. 



IN his interesting and truthful wjrk entitled, ik Fn~ 
Civalier," George W. Cable tells of the operations of 
female spies during the war, in the vicinity of Baton 
Rouge. Cable was sometimes located at Hazelhurst and 
Jackson and Clinton ; and as he served in the Confeder 
ate Cavalry must sometimes have smelt powder from the 
carbines of Grierson s men, and perhaps of the Third 
Cavalry, too. 

During the stay of the* regiment at Baton Rouge, 
some of its officers performed important service under 
orders from the Provost Marshal. Captain Seamans and 
Lieutenant Muzzey experienced many things of interest 
in this particular line of duty. 

Among other things, it was their duty to inspect all 
passes, and men and women who came with them from 
New Orleans. It had been rumored that spies were 
coming from New Orleans, and were passing through 
our lines to the enemy. Cotton speculators, also, were 
on hand, to make money as opportunity offered, but, 
contrary to martial law. 

On one occasion, a well-dressed individual arrived, 
with a pass from General Banks, to go through the Union 
lines, into the regions beyond. Muzzey thought he 
looked suspicious, so he was " inspected." On thor 
ough examination, #500 were found in his boot^. He 



33O THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

had come up the- river to buy cotton secretly, and had 
hidden his money in his boots. He was prevented from 
carrying- out his original intention, and was sent back to 
New Orleans, minus his $500, but with a good opinion of 
the vigilance of Muzzey and his men. 

On another occasion, a well-dressed lady arrive.d on the 
river-boat from below. She, too, bore a pass from 
Banks, and she, too, looked suspicious. She proudly and 
defiantly resented any expressions of suspicion on the 
part of the Union officers ; but the more she resented, 
the stronger their suspicions became. She was finally 
turned over to the old negro woman who was accustomed 
to assist the officers in their inspection of female arrivals. 
On examination of the Southern lady s clothing, im 
portant letters and dispatches were found, cunningly 
concealed beneath her inner garments. She was a spy, 
without doubt, and was endeavoring to get through the 
lines at Baton Rouge to the camp of the Confederates. 
Much business of this kind was done during the war. 
Female spies were numerous. They were often aided in 
their efforts by men high in official positions, who, either 
through ignorance or from other motives, secured them 
passes from Union generals to go through our lines. 

Sometimes the officers of the Third Cavalry were so 
faithful in the discharge of their duties, that they found 
themselves in trouble. The speculators and spies went 
back to New Orleans, and reported all sorts of stories to 
the commanding generals, and the young and zealous 
officers of the Provost Guard were summoned to account 
for their conduct. 

On one occasion a lieutenant of the regiment went 
down to New Orleans, to report to General Banks, con 
cerning some alleged misconduct reported by someone 
who had been examined and sent back. The first to 
greet him was General D wight. 



LIEUTENANT MUZZEY AND THE FEMALE SPY. 331 

"Young man," said Dwight, " Do you know that you 
came near losing your commission?" 

" I didjiot, sir," said the young officer. 

" Do you remember that lady you sent back, who had 
a pass from Headquarters ? " 

" I do." 

" Why did you send her back ? " 

" I simply did my duty, General, as I understood it. I 
should do the same thing again, under the same circum- 
tances." 

"We will go in and see General Banks about this mat 
ter," said Dwight. 

Now, Banks was a friend of the Lieutenant s family, 
and of the Lieutenant, himself. An interview with 
Banks was most desirable. 

The Commander of the Nineteenth Corps greeted him 
cordially, shook him by the hand, spoke kindly to him, 
and in short time the incident was closed. The young 
Lieutenant went back to his post of duty with the con 
sciousness of having done his duty without incurring 
the displeasure of the commanding General. 



DEATH 



01 



CAPTAIN SOLON A. PERKINS. 



AMONG the gallant soldiers who gave their lives for 
their country during the siege of Port Hudson, Captain 
Solon A. Perkins deserves more than a passing notice. 
Early in the war, Perkins volunteered his services, and 
went out to New Orleans with Butler, as a Lieutenant 
in one of the unattached companies of cavalry. He 
made a good record before the company became iden 
tified with the regiment, serving with distinction in many 
of the minor engagements in Louisiana. During the 
siege of Port Hudson, the cavalry was placed under the 
command of Grierson, and to them was given the duty 
of guarding the roads, scouting through the enemy s 
country around Port Hudson, and protecting the Union 
lines from incursions of the enemy. 

It had been learned that 1,500 cavalrymen, under the 
the Confederate leader, Logan, were hovering between 
our lines and Clinton. Sometimes they annoyed Banks 
by dashing into our picket line, and capturing whatever 
they could lay their hands upon. Banks, wishing to 
find out how many men Logan actually had, sent Grier 
son to ascertain. 

On the morning of the 3d of June, 1863, Grierson 
moved toward Clinton. He took with him the Sixth and 
Seventh Illinois Cavalry, one squadron of the First 
Louisiana Cavalry, two companies of the Fourth Wiscon- 



DEATH OF CAPTAIN PERKINS. 333 

sin (mounted), and one section of Nim s Battery. Perkins 
accompanied Grierson to Clinton in command of one 
company of the Third Cavalry. When within three 
miles of Jackson, Grierson ordered Godfrey to take 200 
men and ride through the town, while Grierson was to 
move toward Clinton. Godfrey obeyed orders. Dashing 
through Jackson, capturing and paroling quite a number 
of Confederates, later he rejoined Grierson. 

When near Clinton, Grierson heard that Logan had 
gone toward Port Hudson. Soon, however, he encoun 
tered the enemy near the A mite River. A brisk fight 
ensued, in which Logan s advance was driven back on 
the main body, which was strongly posted near Pretty 
Creek. The battle raged three hours, when Grierson, 
having learned something of the strength of the enemy, 
retired toward Port Hudson. 

During the fight, Grierson lost eight men killed, 28 
wounded, and 15 missing. In the midst of the battle, a 
bullet struck Perkins, and he fell, to rise no more. 

Colonel Richard B. Irwin, referring to this sad affair, 
says: "Among the killed, unfortunately, was the young 
cavalry officer, Lieutenant Solon A. Perkins, of the 
Third Massachusetts, whose skill and daring had com 
manded itself to the notice of Weitzel during the early 
operatians in La Fourche, and whose long service with 
out proper rank had drawn out the remark : This Perkins 
is a splendid officer, and he deserves promotion as much 
as any officer I ever saw. Indeed, although ranking 
only as Lieutenant, he was Acting Captain, and he was 
generally accorded that title by the men. 



THE WOUNDING 



OF 



LIEUT. BRADLEY DEAN. 



WHILE the regiment was for the most part at Port 
Hudson, a battalion was sent to Baton Rouge, under the 
command of Major, then Captain Bunker. Here they 
remained until Port Hudson surrendered. In this de. 
tachment were Companies F, I, and K. A regiment of 
negro troops did garrison duty in the city. Millions 
worth of property were guarded by Bunker and his men, 
who were reinforced by two companies of the First 
Louisiana Cavalry. Major Bunker refers thus to some 
of the exciting scenes in connection with this service at 
Baton Rouge : " As senior Captain, I assumed command 
of all the cavalry, and ordered the Louisiana Company 
on picket duty exclusively. My own battalion, by special 
orders from General Banks, was kept scouting every day 
in all directions. 

"We made very desperate forays into the enemy s 
country, and several times narrowly escaped capture. 
At times we were foolhardy, but our excuse was that it 
was necessary to keep up a show of force in the city. 

" A noteworthy incident occurred while here : Lieu 
tenant Dean with five men were out for forage on the 
Amite Road some six miles. Sergt. John S. Ayers, in 
advance, ran into a rebel ambuscade, and was captured. 



WOUNDING OF LIEUT. DEAN. 335 

Dean came along next, when they ordered him to " Dis 
mount, and come in. " He pulled out his revolver, half 
turned in his saddle as if to fire, and said to his men, 
"Come on, boys!" Just then the rebels fired, and 
Dean was shot with a ball through the upper part of 
his right arm. His horse received 14 buckshot in his 
neck, and fell dead. In falling, Dean s head struck 
the ground, and he was stunned. He laid so still that 
his men supposed him dead, and they all left uncere 
moniously, and in great haste for camp, where they all 
arrived in good time, with one exception. Private L. D 
Bates, who enlisted from Braintree, ran with the rest 
about a half-mile, when, as he expressed it, he "thought 
himself a fool!" and, reining in his horse, went back 
until he met Dean on his way in, having recovered from 
his shock. Bates gave him his horse, and together they 
returned safely to the camp, from whence Dean went to 
the hospital. For this signal act of courage, Bates was 
immediately made a Sergeant in his company. 



CAPTURE 



OF 



MAJOR COWEN 

AND HIS O R D R R L V, 

GUILD. 

AND ESCAPE OF THE LATTER, AS TOLD BY HIMSELF. 
Near Alexandria, La., April, 1864. 



THE Headquarters of the Chief of Cavalry, to which 
our company was attached as escort, was located some 
two miles to the north of the town of Alexandria, La. 

On the morning of the day on which we were captured, 
Major Cowen, Inspector-General of Cavalry, with my 
self as mounted orderly, rode from headquarters into 
town. After some five or six hours stay, we started to 
return to camp. 

As we approached the North side, we were met by 
crowds pouring into town, and, in the direction of camp 
we could see clouds of smoke rolling up, as of buildings 
on fire. Upon inquiry, the Major was informed that 
the enemy was advancing in force. Hearing that, we 
pushed on at a gallop by the buildings, now in flames, 
where our camp had been. 

A short distance beyond, we came to our outer skir 
mish line, where a vidette told the Major that if he went 
much further, he would run into the Rebs; but he was 
not satisfied that the rebels were really advancing, so we 



ESCAPE OF GUILD. 337 

loped along the road between thick hedges of osage 
orange, and Cherokee rose, ten or twelve feet high, pre 
venting a glimpse of anything on either side beyond the 
line of hedge. As we rode down that verdant lane of 
roses, I confess I did not appreciate it as I might have 
done under other circumstances, for I expected any min 
ute that we would receive a volley through the hedge 
that would tumble us off our horses; but as long as the 
Major didn t mind, it was none of my business to fret. 

After riding half a mile or so, we came to where the 
road turned sharply to the left. As we rounded the bend 
at a lope, we were confronted by a great cloud of dust, 
through which we could dimly see the figures of horse 
men in columns of fours. 

" Rebels ! " I called to the Major, partly turning my 
horse." 

" No," he responded, u they are our men." and, riding 
on, in another minute, we were the prisoners of Mc- 
Neilly s Scouts. They took possession of our arms, and 
started us to the rear on our horses, under guard of four 
or five scouts. 

As we passed along, the rebel infantry was marching 
past like a mob, without order or formation. One " reb " 
with long red hair, and shaggy red beard, yelled out as 
we went by. " Hi! " you D d barn-burners, we ll string 
you up." Thoughtless of my position, I sung out " Dry 
up, you red-headed Mick ! we are no barn-burners." He 
brought up his gun to shoot, but the scouts levelled 
their revolvers at him, shouting, "Drop that! He s our 
prisoner" So Red-head concluded to go on. 

We brought up at General Major s quarters where 
the Scouts delivered us over, and, taking our horses, 
departed. The Major was conducted into the rebel Gen 
eral s tent and questioned about our forces. When he 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

came out, he cautioned me in a low voice to refuse to 
give information, if questioned. 

I was then led in, and questioned by an officer whom, 
I suppose, was General Major, about our army at 
Alexandria. I declined to answer questions of that 
nature. 

He took my answer quite pleasantly, and I was then 
conducted outside, and presently we were driven in an 
ambulance to McNutt s Hill, seven miles away, where we 
were turned over to the charge of the Lieutenant of the 
Provost Guard. 

We took supper and breakfast with the Lieutenant, and 
were then placed in a log-house, apparently in the centre 
of the camp, where were twenty-two other prisoners. 
They were a motley crowd, most of them prisoners by 
choice, as several of them said: " Better be prisoners 
than stopping bullets at the front!" Possibly their 
minds were changed ere they again reached the Union 
lines. 

Rations were issued to us raw ; but we were permitted 
to go out under guard, and borrow kettles, pans, etc., 
from the rebel soldiers, who lent readily. 

I was much impressed with the quiet of the camp, 
the absence of loud talk and profanity. Indeed, during 
the time I was captive, I heard not one profane or inde 
cent word, and was always treated courteously, with the 
one exception of the red-head, afore mentioned. 

They would gather in front of the door, and discuss 
matters relating to the war, in a good-humored way, till 
the authorities issued an order, forbidding anyone to 
come within twenty feet of the door. Then they would 
go round to the back side of the house, and we 
would argue through the window. The Major told me I 
would get my head blown off, if I talked as I did to 
them ; but I believe they treated me all the better. 



ESCAPE OF GUILD. 339 

In the forenoon of the second day, I went out with 
a guard for a bucket of water from a spring, about half a 
mile away. On the way, I learned that he was an Illinois 
man, who had been conscripted into the Rebel service, 
and would be glad to be out of it, but was afraid, if he 
deserted, that he would be conscripted on the Union 
side. 

I thought that, perhaps, with his aid, the Major and I 
might escape, so I told him that if we could get away to 
gether over the Union lines, the Major would see to it 
that he would be allowed to go to his home, and remain 
unmolested. He agreed to unfasten the rear shutter that 
night, and we three were to make our way to the river. 

The Major and I lay right in front of the window, and 
I kept awake nearly all night ; but he did not come. 
Either he lacked courage or opportunity, as his command 
marched away during the night; for that plan slumped, 
and I saw no more of him until after I ceased to be a 
prisoner. 

On the morning of the fourth day, we were notified to 
be ready to march by noon ; and, accordingly, we started 
for Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, under guard of eight cav 
alrymen, in charge of a sergeant. 

We passed down a woods road from the hill, and soon 
struck the highway, along which we moved like a drove 
of cattle, with two guards in front, and the rest in the 
rear. They did not seem disposed to hurry us, but let us 
march at our own pace ; stopping occasionally for us to 
rest, and get water to drink. 

At one place where we stopped, an old gentleman came 
down from the house, and stood leaning over the fence, 
while one of his darkeys brought us water. I was talking 
with him, and happened to speak of our men as "Yanks." 

" Why do you call yourselves Yanks ?" he asked. "We 
consider it a term of derision." 



34 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

" Well," said I, " we don t ; we rather like it, and have 
adopted it, as our New England forefathers did the name 
of "Yankee," when it was applied to them in derision by 
the British. The British got over that feeling of derision 
at the name of Yankee before they got through with 
them; and it will be the same with your people, in regard 
to the name of Yank, before we get through with you." 

The old gentleman laughed. " Well," said he, " I 
don t know but we will ; but we ain t feeling very much 
that way yet. However, it s better to be chipper than 
glum ; and I hope you will come out all right. That is," 
he added, " you, individually, I mean." 

As we moved along, I kept hoping for a chance to slip 
into the woods, bordering the road, but no chance offered, 
without the almost certainty of being plugged ; for the 
guards were vigilant, and kept us well together. I deter 
mined to get away that night, if possible ; for every mile 
we advanced made escape more difficult. I picked out 
seven men among the prisoners, whom I thought most 
dependable, and discussed a plan for overcoming the 
guards, that night, by a sudden rush, if the situation 
favored, and, after binding and gagging them, making 
for the river, and across the swamps. All agreed to make 
the attempt, if there seemed any chance of success, when 
we camped for the night. 

We arrived at Cotile Landing, thirty miles above 
Alexandria, soon after sunset, and were assigned a corn 
barn for the night. It was about 20 x 30, and was placed 
on posts, so that the floor was about three feet from the 
ground. The sides were boarded with four-inch scant 
ling with inch spaces between each piece. 

The floor was covered with husks and cobs. The 

eight of us who had planned to escape, selected our 

sleeping places together at the rear, and discussed the 

situation while waiting for some cakes, which the Ser- 



ESCAPE OF GUILD. 34! 

geant said he was having baked for us on a boat in the 
river. The guards were placed, one on each side of the 
barn, one in the rear, and one by the fire, which was 
built about fifteen feet in front of the barn door. We 
saw at once that there was not a ghost of a chance to 
put our plan into execution. 

Among the eight was a lieutenant of the First Mary 
land Cavalry, and a Sergeant of the Fourteenth New 
York Infantry. These two had their sleeping-places 
next to the Major on his left, and I next on his right. 

After eating supper, which consisted of a wheat-flour 
cake about the size of a small breakfast plate, and an 
inch thick, most of the boys went to sleep, and soon 
nothing but snores in the barn, and the footfall of the 
guard outside, as they marched back and forth, broke the 
stillness of the night. 

But our four kept awake, and with their heads to 
gether, discussed in whispers, our chances of escape. 
We concluded that the rear guard would be taken off at 
midnight, or soon after, as they had but three men to 
relieve the four now on guard. In that case, if we could 
get through the floor, we would stand a good chance of 
getting away to the rear. So we began searching under 
the husks for a loose board that could be pulled up. In 
a few minutes we found a short one loose at one end, but 
a loud creak warned us of the danger of attracting the 
attention of the guard. So, telling the boys to wait a 
minute, I grabbed up a lot of cobs, and let them drive in 
all directions at the sleepers. Instantly there was a hub 
bub of cursing and scrambling, as the cobs lit and roused 
up the sleepers; in the noise that ensued, the board 
came up, and none but us the wiser. 

Then all we had to do was to wait until the guard was 
taken off. I lay beside the Major waiting and watching* 
and soon fell asleep. When I awoke, light was reddening 



34 2 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

the east. The narrow crescent of the old moon gave a 
little light, and I could see that there was no guard in 
the rear. Laying my hand on the Major, I found that 
he was awake. 

" Where are the rest? " I asked, in a whisper. 

They got out an hour or two after midnight, after the 
guard was taken off." 

" Why didn t you wake me up ? " 

" Well," said the Major, " I thought we would stand 
a better chance to wait for an exchange. They will be 
caught, and so will you if you try it." 

Well, I am going to try it anyway ! " saying which I 
prepared to get through the hole. 

The guard in front was sitting on the other side of 
the fire, smoking, and gazing dreamily at the open door 
of the barn. As I glanced at him, it occurred to me that 
perhaps he would see my legs when I put them through 
the floor, so it seemed best to reconnoitre first, and, 
picking my way among the sleepers, I stepped out to 
the fire, and lighting my pipe with a coal, satisfied my 
self by a glance under the barn that nothing could be 
seen when I got through. 

After talking a few minutes, I remarked that it was so 
near morning that it hardly seemed worth while to go to 
sleep again. " Better get all the sleep you can, for we 
have got to make Natchitoches today, and that is forty 
miles." 

" All right! " said I, and, entering the barn, after a few 
words with the Major, I stepped down through the hole, 
and crawling to the edge of the. barn, looked out. 

At the rear, some fifteen feet from, and parallel to the 
bnrn, was a board fence five feet high, extending from an 
old barn, some twenty feet to the right of the corn barn, 
off to the left as far as I could see. It was evident that 
I could not get over the fence there without rousing the 



ESCAPE OF GUILD. 343 

guard, but by following it along, I might come to a break. 
So, waiting till the guard on the left had turned to the 
front, I slipped out to the fence, and feeling my way 
along it some thirty or forty rods, I found a low place, 
and over it, went. Striking off at right angles to the 
fence, and gradually bearing to the left, I soon found my 
self on the brink of the Red River. It was eight to ten 
feet from the top of the bank clown to the water, which 
was covered by a thick fog. 

I located the water by feeling with my hands, and, 
doffing my duds, made them into a bundle, and prepared 
to strike out from shore. Just then, I heard a man come 
down the bank, a few rods below, and dip up a pail of 
water (judging by the sound it was too dark to see). 
After waiting a minute or two, I struck out, paddling 
with one hand, and holding my bundle out of the water 
with the other. 

I had swam what seemed a half-a-mile, when I struck 
shore, and, scrambling up the bank, I found myself on 
the edge of a flat, barren-looking plain, which extended to 
the eastward about a mile, to the woods. Not a house 
or building of any sort was in sight; and, although it was 
now quite light, I could not see the opposite bank of the 
river, on account of the heavy fog, which arose from 
above its banks. 

My clothes, which I had been compelled to let float 
during the last part of my swim, were saturated. Squeez 
ing out the bulk of the water, I scooted across that 
plain in the costume of Adam, and never let up till the 
shelter of the woods was gained. Then, wringing out 
the water from my clothes, I put them on, and kept on 
till I had put some two or three miles between me and 
the river. Then I took a rest, and considered the course 
I must take. 

I knew by the map that the course of the river from 



344 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Cotile, down, was south-east, so that, by going in that 
direction, I would keep a parallel course to the river, and 
could intersect it, when I chose, by bearing to the right. 
What worried me somewhat was the fear that the army 
might have resumed its march, so that, when I got to 
Alexandria, I might find it in possession of the Rebs ; 
but I thought, if I found by observation, when I arrived 
opposite the town, that our army had left, I would strike 
out due east for the Mississippi. 

But what was that .sound ? I listened. F ar back in 
the direction from which I had come, I heard the cry of 
hounds on the trail. I jumped up, and plunged on 
through the brush in a desperate endeavor to put all pos 
sible distance between me and that sound. Of course, I 
did not know that the hounds were on my trail ; but, 
fearing that it might be so, I plunged on through the 
thicket of brush and brambles, over fallen trees, and 
stumps for nearly an hour till t brought up on the edge 
of a bayou. 

Stripping again, I entered the water, and wading and 
swimming, made my way along for nearly a mile, in an 
easterly direction. 

I had ceased to hear the hounds ; but if they were 
really on my track, when they came to where I had en 
tered the bayou, they would course along the bank to 
pick up the trail again. Determined to make their work 
as hard as possible, I climbed up a large tree which grew 
on the brink, and crawling out on a long branch, 
dropped to the ground. 

On I went for some distance, till, finding progress 
through bushes and briars too uncomfortable without 
clothes, I stopped and put them on. Being now, as 
I estimated, some six or eight miles east of the river, I 
continued in a southerly direction, calculating that it 
would bring me to the river, a little above Alexandria, 




SEKGT. RALPH T. WATTS. 
Co. I. 



SEKGT. WM. E. 1 Et K, Co. F. 




ALBERT S. NASON, Co. K. 







(OUP. WM. GALLAGHEK 



ESCAPE OF GUILD. 345 

Till Mid-day I kept on through the woods, depending 
almost entirely on my senses for direction. Finally I 
struck a path which led me to the edge of an open field, 
where I saw almost directly in front of me, a horseman, 
clothed in the Rebel uniform, a gun slung to his saddle, 
and a revolver to his belt. I was in plain view if he had 
only turned his head ; but I preferred not to wait, and 
dropped back into the bushes, without disturbing him, 
and made off in the direction that would put the most 
distance between him and me in the shortest time. 

I distrusted paths now, and, forcing my way through 
underbrush, I made the best time I could, till about two 
o clock, when I brought up on the edge of another plan 
tation. In the distance I could see negro cabins, and, 
farther on, a mansion-house, but no uniforms of any 
kind ; so I decided to wait there till night, and then 
make my way through to the river-road, which I felt sure 
passed along the front. 

Beside, I had gone about as far as one wheat-flour flap 
jack would carry me, and I hoped that luck or a darky 
might bring something my way. So, finding a good 
covert of bushes, I settled down to wait for night. 

About four o clock, a company of cavalry came out of 
the woods, not far from where I was, and rode down to 
the house. After a short stop, they passed down, out 
of sight, in a cloud of dust. 

Not till after sunset did the longed-for darky appear. 
As he passed my hiding-place, I slipped up behind, and 
laid my hand on his shoulder, Lightning could not 
have been more effective. He dropped in a heap, and, 
rolling up his eyes, gasped out, "Golly, mar s; how you 
scart me ! S pect twas the debbil, shuah." 

" O get up," said I ; " its grub I want, and quick, too. 
I m a Yankee soldier, escaped from the Rebs ; and I 
want to get to Alexandria as soon as I can." 
2 A 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

"Yes, mar s; but I se got to dribe in de cattle fust ; den 
I ll get somethin to eat, and bring it out yhere." 

I told him to bring it to a tree that stood some dis 
tance from the woods. While he drove in the oxen, I 
edged along through the bushes, away from my hiding- 
place, but nearer the quarters. After half an hour s 
waiting, I saw the old man quite alone, approaching the 
tree. I joined him in a hurry, and found he had brought 
a two-quart pail full of boiled cabbage, bacon and corn 
dodger. 

While I was eating he told me that I was fifteen miles 
from Alexandria, and that there was a big lot of rebs en 
camped in the woods, between, but how far down he did 
not know, and there had been a fight two days before. 

After I had surrounded the provender, he led me out 
past the quarters, nearly to the road. Shaking hands, 
in another minute I was in the highway for Alexandria. 

It was quite dark, but I could find my way easily, and 
jogged along quite comfortably for an hour or more, 
when I saw the gleam of a fire away ahead. Judging 
that it was the camp-fire of a rebel picketing the road, I 
turned into the woods. The camp probably extended to 
the river on the right, and would be difficult to pass ; so 
I turned to the left, thinking, if I went far enough, I could 
get around it. 

Groping my way through the bushes, by the sense of 
feeling (it was too dark to see), I forced my way along 
till I dropped down exhausted, and, leaning my back 
against a tree, I fell asleep for how long I do not know ; 
but I awoke with a distinct impression that if I did not 
get through this night, I never would. So I jumped up, 
and, thinking I had gone in from the road far enough to 
get around the rebel camp, I turned to the right and 
pushed on. 

It was very dark ; and I could hardly make my way 



ESCAPE OF G.UILD. 347 

through the thicket of vines, bushes and trees. Over 
head, the sky was without a cloud, and where the trees 
were less dense, the light of the stars filtered through, 
enabling me to get some idea in moving, but none as to 
direction. 

Depending on a general idea of the river, I determined 
to keep parallel with it till I struck the river-road again. 
I soon found a woods road, and was just congratulating 
myself on my luck, when I suddenly found myself on the 
edge of a partial clearing, where the bushes and most of 
the small trees had been removed. 

Directly ahead, only a few rods away, I saw a smoul 
dering camp-fire. Two or three men were standing 
around it, and others were lying near, apparently sleep 
ing; and, on either side, stretching away through the 
dim woods as far as the eye could reach, were similar 
fires. I dropped down to crawl away, when a small clog, 
that had been lying by the fire, started up, and trotted 
out directly toward me. In a moment, to my intense 
relief, he turned off at a tangent. I determined, if he 
should come my way, to lie perfectly still trusting to 
luck to look and smell like his own men. But soon he 
came back, and laid down. 

As soon as I dared, I crept silently back, keeping one 
eye peeled on that dog, meantime. When I got back a 
quarter of a mile or so, I turned again to the left, away 
from the river; and for an hour or more struggled on 
through bushes and brambles, till, feeling sure I was well 
beyond the camp, I turned again to the right, and cau 
tiously made my way eyes and ears alert, to avoid the 
danger I had so recently escaped. Although I saw the 
gleam of a fire off to the right, at one time, in front all 
was clear, and soon I was in open ground. 

To the left, I could see in the distance a fire far in. ad 
vance of the woods I had just left ; but I decided to keep 



348 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

straight on, keeping a sharp look out for rebel pickets 
feeling sure they would be posted on this side of the 
camp, as any attack from our men would be made here. 
Keeping as close to the ground as I could, and still 
make progress, I crept along perhaps a quarter of a mile> 
when in the gloom ahead I made out the form of a man. 

I stopped, and looked back to the woods I had just 
left, but could not make out which way they lay, even if 
the pickets were posted parallel to the edge of the 
woods. 

Down on my hands and knees, I crawled diagonally 
away to the right ; but, turning more and more to the 
left, I was just ready to rise to my feet, when I dimly 
discerned another dark form, standing by a dark mass, 
like a horse. I dropped flat, and crawled on my hands 
and knees to the left, till I lost sight of the picket. 

I felt quite chipper now, for I was sure I had passed 
the pickets at last. Jumping up, I put spurs to shank s 
mare, and scooted over the ground at a rapid rate. I 
must have gone over a mile, at a run, when I brought up 
suddenly against some rails, piled up by a fence. 

Down I went, all exhausted ; down went the rails, and 
out went an old hog with a " whoosh ! " that so startled 
me that I shot into the air about fifteen feet. When I 
lit, I was as fresh as a daisy the scare had actually 
rested me ! 

I followed the fence till I met another, at right angles 
to it. Over I went, and found myself in the highway 
again. I trudged along, quite happy, for a mile or more, 
when I came to a fork in the road ; choosing the right 
hand one to keep as near as possible to the river. I had 
gone but a little way when I came to three houses. As 
I passed, a big dog rushed out, barking furiously. 

By that time I had come to a fence which seemed to 
terminate the road. Thinking the other side of the fence 



ESCAPfe OF GUILD. 349 

the safest, over I went, across a cow-yard, then over 
another fence, and found myself in thick woods again. 
I floundered through them for two hours or more, with 
no idea of direction ; and just before sunrise, I came to 
the river at last. 

Clambering down to the little beach, I could see, 
through the fog, a Union gunboat lying at anchor; and 
nearer a small boat with an officer and sailor in it. Hail 
ing the boat, I asked where I was. The officer answered 
"About a mile above Alexandria," and then asked me 
who I was, and what I was doing there. I told him, and 
he then informed me that I could get across the river by 
a pontoon bridge a mile further down. I pegged along, 
but soon was brought up by a bayou some two or three 
rods wide. 

Doffing what was left of my clothes, I prepared to 
swim across, and, thinking to save carrying my boots, 
threw them over. One did not arrive, but sank in the 
water. Swimming across, I deposited my bundle, and 
started back for the boot. Reaching down my foot to 
sound for it, I struck a rough, rounded surface so un 
comfortably like an alligator that I decided to leave the 
boot. I did not stop to find out whether he was simply 
torpid or asleep. Either way, I was delicate about dis 
turbing his meditations. Throwing the spare boot after 
the other, I started off, and, in a few minutes, was in 
sight of Alexandria, and the work of clamming the river, 
which was just beginning for the day. 

Passing down, I crossed the pontoon bridge, and 
inquired for the camp of my company. In a short time 
I entered, just as the boys were getting their grub from 
the cook-tent. As grub had considerable attraction for 
me at that time, I made for it, and getting a tin plate 
full of beans, retired to one side, and began to shovel 
them in. 



35O THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRV. 

I must have been a sweet-looking specimen bare 
footed, my clothing in tatters, my face and hands 
scratched and scarred by my passage through the briars ! 
The boys did not know me for minute or two, but when 
they saw who I was, they crowded round, asking ques 
tions but beans was my theme. Before I had finished 
them, orders came for me to go to General Banks head 
quarters, where I was questioned. Later, I was called 
to General Arnold s quarters, and put through another 
series of questions. 

About noon, the Sergeant of the Fourteenth New 
York, who preceded me in getting out of the corn barn, 
came into camp. 

He and the Lieutenant, after getting out, made for 
the river, crawled in under the bank, and lay hid all day. 
During the night a negro happened along in a boat, and 
they induced him to carry them down the river. They 
reached the gunboat just before I reached the river-bank. 
In all probability, if I had not escaped, they would have 
been trailed to their hiding-place by the dogs ; but they 
followed my trail which was fresher by several hours. 

When the Army reached Morganza Bend, on the 
downward march, as I was passing a lot of Rebel pris 
oners, one of them called out to me, "Hullo! How 
did you get away?" It was the Illinois man, who was 
my guard at McNutt s Hill. 



Carrying Dispatches 

FOR 

BANKS 

AT 

ALEXANDRIA. 



IMPORTANT service was rendered by officers and men 
of the Regiment, during the Red River Campaign, in 
scouting for the Army, and in carrying dispatches for 
the commanding General. Sometimes these scouting 
parties experienced rather exciting times. Frequently 
couriers were sent through the enemy s country on im 
portant errands, affecting the welfare of the Army. The 
following, from the pen of Major David T. Bunker, illus 
trates the character of the service rendered by the Regi 
ment on such occasions. He says : 

On the Qth of May, 1864, I was sent for, to report in 
person forthwith to General Banks, at Headquarters. 
On my arrival, I reported to General D wight, Chief of 
Staff, who took me to Bank s tent. The General greeted 
me cordially, and stated, in confidence, that in attempt 
ing to get dispatches to Washington, Porter had lost two 
gunboats, and he desired me to attempt to get to Fort de 
Russy, a distance of fifty miles, by land, where our troops 
and fleet were. 

He had ordered a detail of four hundred men, to go 
with me, and asked if I thought those were enough. 
I replied to his question by asking if he wanted my 
opinion. He said: " Most certainly." " Then," said I> 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

"General, give me a dozen men and their horses, to 
be selected from my regiment, and I will guarantee that 
the dispatches go through. If I take four hundred men 
I will have to fight there ; but when I carry dispatches, 
I go to run, and not to fight." He laughed heartily, 
and said, " I think you will succeed ; but you had better 
take twenty men and four scouts." 

The General wrote an order for the men from our regi 
ment, and I returned with it to our camp. The Adjutant 
caused the regiment to fall in, and I made a short speech 
but did not reveal my destination ; and called for volun 
teers. All but three men in that splendid regiment 
stepped to the front at the request ; but I could not take 
them all ; so I went down the line, and took a non-com 
missioned officer from each company, and the balance 
were selected mostly from the Braintree company. 

We took three days rations in haversacks, and, mounted 
on horses which each man had been allowed to select, we 
marched to Banks headquarters, and reported, " Ready." 
The dispatches were placed in the collar of my coat, 
under the lining. 

A three o clock we crossed the pontoon, and took our 
way silently, into the " Piney Woods." At eight o clock 
that night, we were halted by the rebel picket. Joe, 
the chief guide, and myself, led the scout. My answer to 
their hail was that we were some of Colonel Harrison s 
men (rebels). The vidette ordered, "Dismount; one 
advance, and be recognized." 

I said, "Joe take the one on the left, and I will take 
the one on the right," and ordered " Fire ! " Both of 
them fell from their saddles, and, at the command 
"Gallop," we put spurs to our horses, and rode over them 
and through the reserve, who were snugly stowed away 
in a house on the roadside on our right. As soon as we 
fired they began pouring out of the door. I fired four 



CARRYING DISPATCHES. 



353 



shots at it as we galloped past, and they slammed that 
door to as quick as one can think, and we saw no more 
of them. 

At eleven o clock, P.M. we were halted again. I was 
quite drowsy, and one of the men struck me a heavy blow 
in the stomach as an alarm. I awoke in a hurry, and 
saw a man, sheltered partly behind a tree in the road. 
I raised my revolver and fired, as did others of the men. 
The next day a dead man was found in that place. His 
comrades rapidly retreated, and took shelter in the neigh 
boring woods. We put after them, yelling like mad ; 
calling them Yankee epithets, to induce them to think 
we were friends ; but they evidently did not care to see 
more of us. 

Just before twelve that night, we reached Fort de 
Russy without our guide, Joe. The night was pitchy 
dark; we ran into a force on the road, and were halted. 
To them we made answer, as before, that we were 
Colonel Harrison s men. Their outpost fired at us 
without damage, and we could plainly hear the officers 
rallying their men. 

There seemed to be quite a force (fifty men, I learned 
afterward). We commenced firing, when the officers 
told them to lie down. This I was glad of, for our safety 
depended on the enemy keeping close. We fired rapidly, 
and pushed on through the felled trees in the road, 
guided by the instinct of our good horses, entirely past 
the post. When, suddenly, the heavens were illumin 
ated. A gunboat in the river opened fire on us, and 
threw a shell over our heads which fell into the Red 
River. This boat was the "Choctaw," Commander Ram 
sey. Then I knew the picket we had just passed was 
United States troops, and, turning in the saddle, I 
shouted, " In God s name, who are you?" And back 
came the welcome response, "We are the Twenty-second 



354 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Iowa. Said I, " We are the Third Massachusetts Cav 
alry Go and stop that gunboat! " 

The Iowa boys cheered us heartily, and stopped the 
gunboat just as the gunner had stepped aside to dis 
charge a broadside of grape and canister at us. Captain 
Ramsay was so affected at our danger that he nearly 
fainted. He said to me, the next morning, that his broad 
side would have killed every man of us. Said I, "Saving 
your presence, Captain, you would have done no such 
thing." He asked me what I meant. His guns were 
sighted before sunset to rake that point, because a 
" reliable citizen " had been in, and reported that they 
were to be attacked by 1,500 cavalry that night. "Well, * 
said I, " Captain, when you fired the first shot, I dis 
mounted the men, and we all laid on our backs, holding 
the bridle, and you might have fired away all night, and 
not hit a man of us." 

When I reported to Fitz Henry Warren, who was in 
command, he looked me all over, after I had handed him 
the dispatches, and said : " Are you the little devil who 
has been firing at my men ? " Said I, "General, I am 
that devil, sure! " He put his arms about my neck, and 
hugged me like a child, and said, " You are the first cav 
alryman I ever saw, that would fight." 

The General ordered a supper for my men in the 
cabin, and ordered a .detail to care for our horses. At 
supper the men were waited on by members of the Gen 
eral s staff. That night I slept in the state-room with 
General Warren, and the next night in Captain Ramsay s 
berth, which he gave up to me. 

The next day I dined in state with Captain Ramsay 5 
and in the evening took supper with the other officers of 
the gunboat. At the table, I met General Porter s 
dispatch-bearer, who had been at Fort de Russy several 
weeks, seeking an opportunity to get up to Alexandria. 



CARRYING DISPATCHES. 355 

I informed him that I should return to General Banks, 
the next day. Thereupon he asked me to take his dis 
patches, and deliver them to Admiral Porter. 

I took the dispatches; and very soon after, in discus 
sing the merits of the army and navy, they claimed to be 
more efficient, etc. In reply, I said: 

"Gentlemen, they may be so; but when there is any 
hazardous duty to be performed, you are too willing- the 
army should do it. You have just made me the custodian 
of dispatches to your Admiral, and I intend he shall 
have them before tomorrow night." 

At that, the dispatch-bearer (whose name I do not re 
member) flushed up. and said, with some spirit : 

" If I had a horse, I would go with you." 

Shortly after, I excused myself from the table, and, 
going on deck, called to one of my sergeants, and asked 
him to take a detail, and go outside of the lines and get a 
good horse. Then I returned to the ward-room, and 
waited to hear from them. In. about half an hour, the 
officer of the deck called to me that I was wanted, and, 
going out, I was hailed by the sergeant, who held by the 
halter a fine roan horse. Of course, I was delighted at 
his success. I went below, and called the dispatch-bearer 
out quickly. Just as he reached the door, I stepped aside 
for him to precede me ; turning, I motioned in fun for all 
the others to follow. When we got on deck, I took the 
officer s arm, and, facing him toward the bank of the 
river, pointed with my hand, u There is your horse ! " 

He seemed surprised, but immediately exclaimed, 
" I ll go ! " 

Well, he did go, and I left him, the next afternoon, at 
the gangplank of Porter s flagship, opposite the famous 
hotel, the " Ice House," Alexandria. Porter was greatly 
surprised to see his officer, and complimented him in 
the highest manner for his gallantry, and immediately 



356 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

promoted him two grades, and put him in command of a 
gunboat. But the officer was as modest as he was brave, 
and disclaimed any special credit for his action, saying 
that "all the honor was due to Captain Bunker, for mak 
ing him come." 

After I left the dispatch-bearer, I proceeded directly to 
General Banks headquarters. The General came hur 
riedly out of his tent, and exclaimed, " I never expected 
to see you back alive ! " Then his first question was, 

" Man, did you succeed ? " 

I said, " I did, General ; and here are my credentials," 
handing him a letter written by Mrs. Banks, at New 
Orleans, a few days before, which I took from one of his 
staff at Fort de Russy, that he might be convinced of the 
truthfulness of my report. 

[General Geo. B. Drake, of Banks staff, has since said 
that he considered that scout one of the very best things 
of the war.] 



A CONCERT 

AT 

BATON ROUGE. 



REPORTED BY CAPTAIN HERVEY. 

THE Forty-first boys got up a concert one evening. 
Wishing the use of a piano, half a dozen of us, one 
rainy day, called at a house in the city, and asked 
permission of the lady of the house to use the piano. 
She said she had strong objections. The boys said I 
must be spokesman ; so I asked her what they were. 

* Well," she said, spitefully, " you Yankees won t allow 
my daughter to sing our national songs, and I am not 
willing that you should sing yours in my house." 

Said I : " The sentiments of the songs we sing are such 
as you are in duty bound to respect." 

In reply, she said: "Our songs are as dear to us as 
yours are to you." 

I said You have no right to have any national 
songs." 

" My heart," says she is with the Confederacy. I love 
it. I am all bound up in it ; and why should I not be ? for 
my brother fell at Murfreesboro, and my husband is still 
in the field." 

I told her I pitied her, and that she was an unfortunate 
woman to be so bound up in such an unrighteous Confed 
eracy ; but that we did not come there to discuss those 
matters. We assured her we were gentlemen ; that we 
intended her, or her property, no harm. 

" Well," says she, " if you will come in, I can t help it, 
for I am a defenceless, unarmed woman." And, turning 
abruptly, she left us. 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

The Provost Guard at the house attempted to inter 
fere. We told him we needed no words from him. I 
was determined not to be bluffed ; so, sending to the 
Provost Office, I obtained a permit to use the piano. Oh, 
how mad that family was, when, without ceremony, we 
walked into their parlor and made free use of the instru 
ment! It was a very good one. 

The general arrangement of the room showed refined 
taste and elegance. There were some very fine steel en 
gravings upon the walls. On the mantel-piece were 
photographs of the husband and brother. We were told, 
on leaving the house that they should carry the piano 
into the country, where Yankees could not touch it. 

A few days previous, some person had called at the 
house, and asked her daughter, a pretty young lady, to 
sing The Bonnie Blue Flag" (their national song). 
While it was being sung, Captain Magee, of the Cavalry, 
rode by, and, on hearing it, dismounted, and, going into 
the house, stopped the music, and told them, if he heard 
that song again, he would tear the house down. The 
lady of the house went to General Grover for satisfaction. 
He told her about he same same as did Captain Magee. 
After that, Chace, our principal musician, went to the 
house, and made inquiries about the use of the piano. 
Getting but little satisfaction, he inquired about the song, 
entitled " The Bonnie Blue Flag." He said he had 
heard of it, but should like to hear it. The old lady hesi 
tated ; but, finally, shutting the doors and windows, told 
her daughter to sing it softly. That being over, she said 
to Chace, " Don t you play the piano ? " 

" Oh, I play a little," said he. And, sitting down, he 
struck up " Yankee Doodle." 

Had a cannon-ball struck the house, it could hardly 
have surprised them more. They were so shocked that 
they rushed at him, and shook their fists in his face, and, 
after a good laugh, he left. 



THE ROBBING 



OF 



SAMUEL CORNING, 



AFTER the surrender of Port Hudson, July Qth, 1863, 
orders were given to keep up the telegraphic communi 
cation between Baton Rouge and Port Hudson. The 
guerillas would cut the wire, and a detail from the Third 
Massachusetts Cavalry would be sent out to do the re 
pairs. The guerillas would lie in ambush, and watch 
the detail going to Baton Rouge, and attack them on 
their return to Port Hudson. 

Word came one morning, that the wire had been cut, 
and a detail of about thirty men, under Capt. E. L. Noyes, 
was sent to make the repairs. I was on detached ser 
vice at the time, and was given permission to go with 
them. We found the wire cut about 10 miles from Port 
Hudson, repaired the wire, and proceeded to Baton 
Rouge, returning the next day. 

Captain Noyes was short of non-commissioned officers, 
and asked me to take command of the advance guard. 
He detailed four men to go with me. I objected to two 
of them, as they were " tender-foots," or cook-house re 
cruits ; but he insisted on my taking them. I put those 
two out as flankers, and everything passed off pleasantly 
until within about eight miles of Port Hudson, when the 
flankers were compelled to come into the road, on ac 
count of thick wood and heavy underbrush, for 500 or 
600 feet. There was a lane leading up to a house, 



356 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

about 400 feet from the wood, and the two flankers asked 
permission to go up to the house, and get a drink of 
water. On their return, they said that the lady told 
them there was a squad of guerillas lying in ambush for 
us; but we did not take any stock in what they said, for 
they were known to be troubled with " bullet and shell 
fever," but, as it turned out, the guerillas were concealed 
in the thick wood and underbrush, listening to our con 
versation. 

I ordered the flankers to pass the underbrush, and 
then proceed on the outside of the road as before. The 
guerillas let them pass by, but we were not so fortunate. 
When about midway of the woods, they rose up from be 
hind the brush, and poured a volley into us. It shot 
through my bridle-rein, and one bullet went through the 
cape of my overcoat. Private Adams, who was riding 
beside me, was shot through the bowels. He lived about 
one hour. Private Walker rode up to the brush, to 
shoot over, and they grabbed the stock of his carbine, 
and pulled him off his horse, over the other side of the 
brush with them. 

My horse, old Lazarus, had a bad habit, if there was 
any shooting going on, of standing up on his hind legs, 
like a dancing bear, and while he was doing this act of 
his, four of the guerillas crawled through a hole in the 
brush, as soon as they had fired the volley, and dis 
mounted me in no easy or polite manner. 

While Old Lazarus was going through his war-dance, 
they grabbed me by the foot, and gave me a toss onto 
the ground. The Captain called out, " Hurry up, and 
bring the Yank in here; they are coming" (meaning 
the main body). It did not take them very long to go 
through me. One caught me by the throat, and held 
my head back. All I could think of was, they are going 
cut my throat. They were more for plunder. They 



THE ROBBING OF SAM CORNING. 357 

pulled my boots off (a new pair I had just bought in Baton 
Rouge), took my overcoat, pistol, sabre, watch and chain, 
rings off my finger, and about eight dollars in money. 

The Captain called out again: "Get in here, quick! 
They re onto you." The men started for the hole in the 
brush, pulling me along with them, but they were in 
such a hurry to get through and save themselves, as the 
main body under Captain Noyes, was coming around the 
bend in the road, that they dropped me, and crawled 
through as quickly as possible, and ran for their horses. 
I give the last one going through, a parting shot with 
a piece of fence-rail which I picked up it came pretty 
near laying him out. We chased them about two miles 
through the woods, and in their haste to get away, they 
dropped Private Walker. 

We returned to the road where Private Adams lay, 
pressed a native outfit into service, and carried his body 
along with us. The two flankers, as soon as the firing 
commenced, lit out and never stopped until they reached 
Port Hudson, and reported we had been ambushed, 
and were cut up. We met the Regiment with two ambu 
lances coming to assist us. The guerilla who held my 
head back, was a young man we had been supplying with 
rations for himself, mother and sister. Those rations 
were cut off in a hurry, and he disappeared. 



2 B 



CONFISCATING COTTON 

AT 

PORT HUDSON. 



BY WILLIAM H. JACQUISH, Co. A. 



I had spent some time in the hospital at Baton Rouge. 
I left the hospital, very much in opposition to the wishes 
of good old Doctor Allen in charge, to rejoin the 
regiment, before Port Hudson. Doctor A. told me I 
wouldn t stand it for two weeks. By that time I 
would be sent back to him, and then he would be unable 
to do anything for me. I was heartily tired of the hos 
pital. I had seen a dozen coffins brought out of the dead- 
house each morning, and taken out to the cemetery for 
burial, and I was convinced it was only a question of 
time when my turn would come, if I remained. If I 
must die, I preferred to die out in the open, with Heav 
en s blue vault above me, and Heaven s free air and sun 
shine around me. 

I insisted on taking the chances, and after trying all 
he could to discourage me, the good old doctor let me 
go. I went out, crawled into a wagon which, it was said, 
would start for the camp about 12 oclock that night, but 
it was several hours later, before we got started. 

The camp was said to be 25 miles distant. About 10 
A.M. a halt was made for few minutes, and I saw some 
men who had been riding in the wagons, exchanging 
places with the mounted escort ; and as I was half dead 



CONFISCATING COTTON. 359 

from the rough jolting I had among the Quartermaster s 
boxes and barrels so long, I was anxious to make an ex 
change, and proposed to Nate Maxfield of Company A 
that I should ride his horse, and he take my place in the 
wagon. He was very willing to make the exchange, but 
feared I might not be able to ride a horse, and be loaded 
down with his arms and equipments. I persuaded him 
that I was fully able, and we traded places. 

My first duty as a Cavalryman began by taking my 
place in the escort, and helping guard the Quarter 
master s train. From that point on the road from Baton 
Rouge, till we arrived at the camp before Port Hudson, 
I rode that horse. I crawled down out of the saddle, 
very much used up, and thought then, I wouldn t want 
any more Cavalry duty for a good while. I reported 
to Captain Hervey, and was welcomed to the company 
by him. 

I found the boys encamped under the blue dome of 
Heaven, which was all the roof they had over them> 
except some slight shelter, constructed of brush and 
bushes by a few who were a little particular. I found 
them living on half rations of pork, hard tack and coffee, 
and which was good enough as far as it went. The 
trouble was to make it go far enough. Dr. Allen had 
told me just how it was at the camp. I was very glad to 
be with the boys again. 

The next day, I think it was, Sergeant Rolle of Com 
pany A was detailed to go with an escort after forage. 
He was quite unwell, but had not reported at sick-call, 
so I asked to take his place in the detail. I took his 
horse and equipments, and rode after the wagons. We 
went several miles toward Springfield Landing, and then 
off to the left to the plantation of a Madame Shalmire. 
She had a large amount of the last year s crop of corn. 



360 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

I had a long conversation with her while the wagons 
were being loaded, on the War, Secession, and Slavery. 

She was an original secessionist, and claimed that 
Louisiana and the other states had a perfect right to 
secede, and the people of the North were very much 
mistaken, to think to prevent them so doing. She told 
me we would never succeed in taking Port Hudson, and 
the sooner we abandoned our undertaking, the better it 
would be for us. She was personally acquainted with 
the principal officers defending the place ; that they 
would never surrender, and that we well knew what it 
meant to attempt to carry the place by an assault. 
Grant was making the same mistake at Vicksburg, and 
would have the same result. 

I replied that I believed Secession altogether wrong, 
and that I was sure we would defeat it at last. I told 
her I was sure Slavery was wrong, and from what I had 
seen of the result of Slavery, I thought it about as bad 
for the master as it was for the slave ; that as the direct 
result of Slavery, Louisiana was many years behind the 
North in everything that went to indicate comfort and 
prosperity, while, with all her advantages of soil and 
climate, she ought to be in advance. 

She admitted the truth of this, but claimed they had 
inherited Slavery, and there was no way to be rid of it, if 
they would. She claimed that one sturdy Irishman was 
worth more than two slaves ; but they had the one, but 
could not get the other. 

After the wagons were loaded, and started on the road, 
I bade her good day, not knowing that I should see her 
again. When we reached camp, I thought myself pretty 
well tired out, and entitled to a good rest. But some of 
the escort, in ranging around over Madame Shalmire s 
place, had discovered her cotton-gin in the middle of 
several hundred acres of tall Southern corn, and in the 



CONFISCATING COTTON. 



361 



gin-shed were some twenty odd bales of cotton. The 
" find " was reported, and we were directed to take other 
wagons, return to the plantation at once, and bring in the 
cotton. 

It was nearly dark before we got to camp with the 
corn, and now to go back and get the cotton, was, to say 
the least, discouraging. We had had nothing to eat 
since morning; and not half enough then ; and now to go 
back, and not return till midnight, on the strength of our 
half-ration breakfast, was fast taking the romance out of 
our soldier life. 

Back we went. The Madame met us . at the gate. 
She well knew our errand. She said : " You first took 
my corn, and now you have come for my cotton ! " She 
sat on a bench under a Pride of China tree, with a little 
negro child cuddled up in her lap. I told her it was one 
of the unpleasant incidents of the war, her people had so 
unwisely engaged in. 

"Well," she said, "this child s father ran away to you. 
You are keeping him from me, you have taken away my 
corn, you are now taking my cotton, and now you may 
take this child, or leave it to starve, as I shall be unable 
to provide for it, or the others who are dependent upon 
me ! " I told her that was one of the evils of slavery. 
She said: "And now you are determined to add to those 
evils!" 

We parted. The cotton was carried into camp. The 
siege continued, and on July 8th, Port Hudson fell. 
I was right, and she was wrong. 



CORPORAL HARLOW 



TYLER, TEXAS. 



CORPORAL THOMAS HARLOW, Company C, was taken 
prisoner at Pineyville, La., May ist, 1864. In this en 
gagement, the writer was wounded, and Sergeants Elliott 
and Johnson were killed. Corporal Harlow writes thus, 
concerning his experiences as a prisoner of war, at Tyler, 
Texas : 

When Lieutenant Hilton, who was in command of 
Company C, gave the order to charge, the morning I was 
taken prisoner (May ist, 1864), some mistake must have 
been made, for only part of the squadron got through 
the gap in the fence. In my set of fours, I was the only 
one not killed. Elliott and Johnson, and another noble 
fellow, whose name I do not recall, were in my set of 
fours. Elliott had been an English soldier, and took 
much pride in his service. Johnson was not a soldierly 
appearing man, but a man who had read a great deal and 
was a true American patriot. Captain Hall, of General 
Banks staff, was taken about the same time. 

After the second or third day, about dark, one of the 

line officers came to me, and asked me if I believed in 

arming the negroes. I told him I did. I was given to 

understand that any Yankee who believed in arming the 

niggers would, or ought to, be shot. 

I was reported to the Major, who questioned me closely, 
and I was also questioned by the Colonel. I told him I 
was his prisoner, taken in the open field ; that I differed 



TYLER, TEXAS. 363 

with him, or I would not be there ; and demanded to 
see Captain Hall. In fact, I believed I would be taken 
out in the night, and shot. 

After daylight I began to breathe easier; but it was 
not until we were turned over to another regiment that I 
wanted anything to eat. What my opinions were regard 
ing arming the negro, after this incident, were never ex- 
presssed. 

On the march to Tyler, Texas, our rations were : meal 
(no salt; nothing to cook it in). We made a paste, put 
it on a board, and held it up to the fire until done. 

On the march to Tyler, the guard would rob the pris 
oners at night. Many had their shoes and other clothing 
taken from them, to say nothing of money and other val 
uables. I carried a small locket picture of my wife in 
my fob pocket. One morning, the guard noticed it, and 
demanded that I give it up. I showed it to them. When 
they saw it was not a watch, they returned it to me. 

My watch was hidden in the lining of my cap. This 
watch, for which I paid $35, before the war, I carried 
with me into the stockade at Tyler; and was afterward 
offered $400 in Confederate money for it. But I was a 
" Greenbacker," and sold the watch to a Union sailor for 
$50. He had been there two years. The money he 
gave looked as if it came out of the United States Trea 
sury the same day. When I arrived at the prison, I met 
Comrade Rumrill, Co. C, who had been captured at 
Sabine Cross Roads. 

Life in that prison was much better than in some of 
the other Southern prisons. We had a beautiful, never- 
failing spring of water. Three or four thousand men 
were supplied daily from this spring ! 

No shelter of any kind was furnished us. We lived 
out in the open. The climate was much in our favor 
The sun at mid-day was very hot. Meat laid upon the 



364 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

surface, or ground, would become fly-blown in a very 
short time. Placed on a pole, fifteen feet in the air, it 
would cure. This was done by some of the prisoners 
who cured enough to carry with them, when they planned 
to escape. 

After a few attempts, in which some got away, the 
Confederates stopped curing any meat. Our rations 
were : corn-meal (and it looked as though they had 
ground cob and all). Fresh meat was served, but no 
salt. This was a hardship. Nothing was given to cook 
with. 

This camp had been used for a long time. Some of 
our sailors had been there two years, and how much 
longer I do not know. I speak of this because this 
ground appeared to be covered with lice. Every morn 
ing what clothing we had was examined, and the vermin 
killed. The following morning, a new invoice was on 
hand. 

The older prisoners had very little clothing. A great 
many had hardly enough to cover their loins. When 
exchanged, their bodies were as black as Indians. 

Tyler, Texas, is 120 miles from the mouth of Red 
River. There we were exchanged ; and if the flag of 
this country was ever dear to me, it was on that day ! 

After being reviewed by General Canby, at New Or 
leans, he gave us thirty days furlough. When it expired, 
I was ordered to report to Harper s Ferry, V.a., at Re 
mount Camp then under command of Major Blackmar, 
now General Blackmar, late Commander of the Massa 
chusetts Grand Army. 

Here I was detailed to act as Commissary for this 
camp, and did so until the Third Massachusetts Cavalry 
came to Harper s Ferry, when, I was ordered to join my 
regiment. 



PORTER COLBY 



AS A 



PRISONER OF WAR. 



AT Cedar Creek three of our Company (B) were 
taken prisoners. About sunrise, Frank Lovell of Clinton, 
Mass., and a recruit, and myself were captured. We 
arrived at Richmond on the 23rd. We then went to 
Salisbury, N. C., arriving at noon, the 27th. Two tents 
were furnished to each 100 men a Sibley, and a small 
wall tent. By crowding they got in about 60 men. That 
was all the shelter they ever furnished our squad. 

We had no blankets, but we had to lie out on the 
ground. We had no shelter whatever, except half of a 
shelter-tent that I was allowed to pick up on the battle 
field, after a Rebel had run his bayonet through it a few 
times. It was full of holes. 

We found two men of the Thirty-fourth Massachu 
setts. One had an old quilt; the other, half of a tent. 
So we four had a tent, and we lived in that shelter until 
February 22nd, 1865, about four months. Every time 
it rained, the water ran through those holes in the tent 
and kept us just soaked. For a week at a time, we were 
in that soaked condition. Some called it "parboiled." 

We were cold and hungry. We helped eat two dogs, 
and wished for more. One day we had a few slivers of 
wood. We built a fire. Ezekiel Kempton, of the Thirty- 
fourth, came along with a rat. He gave a dollar for it. 



366 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

It was dressed ready to cook, and he wanted us to cook 
it for him. We finally did. It looked so good and 
savory that we tasted it. I could not relish it. That 
was the only thing that I could not eat 

About the ist of February, Frank was quite sick. 
He d d not get any better, and the i8th or igth, we 
carried him to what they called a hospital, and laid him 
on the straw. He died soon after. I was outside of the 
pen the next morning when the dead-cart went out, and 
I was sure it was Frank with others. They would not 
let me go near enough to make sure. 

We left that day some 300 sick on the cars. My feet 
had been chilled, as I had no shoe and McDaniels, of the 
Thirty-fourth, had no shoes ; so we could not walk. 
Therefore they let us go with the sick. At Greensboro 
we left the cars, and lay on the ground. We were in a 
field, in a very chilly wind and rain. The next morning 
we were put into cattle cars that had just been unloaded. 
All the manure and filth were left for us to stand in, and 
as the roof of the car was gone, and it had been raining 
all night, this filth was almost unendurable, as the cars 
started and stopped. It rained all the time until we 
arrived at Richmond, a little before noon, Sunday, the 
26th of February. 

We were put into Libby Prison all in one of the 
upper rooms. We had no stoves or fires. The floor was 
soaked as the water dripped from us. We were all sick 
men, unable to walk. Saturday, March nth, we were 
taken into another room, and given shoes, clothing, and 
food, which the Sanitary Commission had sent to us. 
March i, McDaniels of the Thirty-fourth Massachusetts, 
died. 

We left Libby Prison the I3th of March. I was just 
alive when we arrived at Annapolis, the I4th. I was too 



PORTfcR COLBY. 367 

weak to ride in an ambulance, so was carried on a 
stretcher to the hospital. 

Our regiment was at Pie asant Valley, Maiyland, at 
that time, but I was not able to join it. After a while, I 
was sent home on furlough, to report at State House, 
Boston, when the thirty days were up. The Surgeon 
would not permit them to send me back to Baltimore, so 
I was sent to United States General Hospital at Read- 
ville, Mass. Here, on June loth, 1865, I was discharged 
by reason of a telegram from the War Department, 
dated May 30, 1865, in regard to enlisted men who had 
endured the hardships of prisoners of war in Rebel 
prisons. 



LETTER 






OF 



CAPTAIN JAMES W. HERVEY. 



THE following letter, written by Captain Hervey, 
will be read with much interest by many comrades of the 
regiment. It throws much light on the kind of service 
the regiment was called upon to render during the fall of 
1862 and 63 : 

CAMP AT PORT HUDSON, LA., 
Dec. ist, 1863. 

MY DEAR WIFE This first day of December, and more 
particularly the 3Oth ult, will always be remembered 
as among the saddest of our experience as soldiers. 
Again had the wires been cut, and a force of thirty men, 
under command of Lieutenant Twitchell, had been sent 
to repair the difficulty. On the day of their return, the 
Colonel, fearing they might meet with trouble, ordered a 
detail of fifty men, under command of Captain Muzzey 
and Lieutenants W. A. Gove and Geo.W. Howland, to 
proceed toward Baton Rouge, to meet them. About 
two miles from the fortifications, an ambuscade had been 
carefully planned for the Baton Rouge squad ; but as 
luck would have it, the relieving force fell into it. 

Now, see how nicely they had planned it. They had 
cut the wires, a few miles below, knowing that the force 
from Baton Rouge would be delayed till nearly dark in 
repairing it. The force sent out at i o clock, P.M., had 



LETTER OF CAPTAIN HERVEY. 



369 



divided into three squads. Lieutenant Gove had the 
advance ; Captain Muzzey the main force, and Lieuten 
ant Howland the rear guard. The latter was sent around 
by the right following a Cut-off. The others pro 
ceeded along the Baton Rouge road, and, when about 
half a mile belowPlains Store,the advance guard received 
a volley from a force of 150 rebels in ambush. The vol 
ley was accompanied by unearthly yells, which frightened 
the horses, rendering them quite unmanageable. This 
occurred in a bend of the road, and the advance at the 
time was concealed from the rest of the force. Hearing 
the volley, the main body galloped forward, but saw 
neither the advance (who had scattered to the woods), 
nor the rebels ; and the first intimation they had of a 
concealed force was another volley. Captain Muzzey 
tried to rally his men ; but as the rebs now rushed out of 
the woods in overwhelming numbers, and endeavored to 
surround them (who numbered scarcely thirty men), 
they took to the woods, when the corps fell in with Lieu 
tenant Howland, who was coming to its assistance with 
all haste. He had but seven men. We lost two killed, 
and three mortally wounded; (and these latter have since 
died;) one Lieutenant wounded and taken prisoner, to 
gether with four privates. Several were wounded, but not 
seriously. I lost two from my company Private Charles 
R. Booth and Charles B. Douglass. Company C also 
lost two killed, one of whom was a New Bedford boy 
Franklyn Nye enlisted by J. F. Vinal. 

I am pained to inform you of the death of Chas. A. 
Lucas, formerly a Sergeant in Company A. I had 
forwarded his discharge papers, but he died before 
they could avail him. It is a sad day for me ; but such 
is War. God grant a speedy termination of the strife ! 
Poor Gove, a prisoner ! He was shot, and his horse, 



370 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

stumbling, threw him and stunned him, and he was 
easily captured. 

It is now Monday, the yth of December. As I write, 
a flag of truce has been to Jackson The party found 
Lieutenant Gove comfortable. Every attention was 
shown him, and, upon his word of honor that he would 
not attempt to escape, he was allowed the freedom of the 
town. 



LETTERS 

OF 

CAPTAIN JOHN L. SWIFT, 

WRITTEN AT BATON ROUGE AND PORT HUDSON IN 1863. 



[Their publication in this work will revive pleasant memories of the 
Civil War.] 

BATON ROUGE, March 4th, 1863. 

... I send you with this the programme of a concert 
given by the Glee Club of our Regiment. It was a suc 
cess in every way, and I was affected strangely by some 
of the music. 

Fond memory brings the light 
Of other days around me. 

Far away in my Northern home, sailing on the blue 
sea ; riding over green hills ; by loved friends, I had 
heard the same music float in the air from friendly and 
tamiliar voices. The " Anvil Chorus " was played ad 
mirably ; and whether the "Boston Circle " admires it or 
not, I maintain that it is grand and inspiring. 

But if I was pleased with the concert, I was still more 
gratified at the conduct of the men, during the perform 
ance and afterwards. There could not have been less 
than five hundred men present; and yet nothing could 
be more decorous than their behavior. Their enthus 
iasm, though genuine and hearty, was not boisterous, and 
they all went to camp as quietly as though they were 
leaving a sabbath service. It is a matter of frequent 
remark the order of this Department ; and the Provost 



37 2 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Marshal and myself receive untold compliments for our 
share in enforcing discipline. It belongs, however, much 
more to Captain Seamans than to me. He is very ener 
getic, and has a natural fitness for command, which is as 
uncommon as it is remarkable. One old lady (and a 
Methodist) told us that while the Confederate forces were 
here, she could not sleep nights on account of the noise ; 
but that since we occupied here, she had lost all sense 
of disquiet, slept soundly, and had never heard the slight 
est demonstration of rowdyism. Yet we have about twenty 
thousand men in this vicinity, It costs Southern people 
something to say that, and I sometimes think it galls 
them to feel compelled to praise us .... 

But, for the most examplary conduct, the dear Forty- 
first stands at the head of the list. There has not been one 
man arrested for pillaging, for drunkenness, or for being 
out of the lines without a pass. You know how many 
hard cases I had ; yet, when they were paid off, there 
was not a single case of intoxication. I am proud of 
them ; and when we get into the field, I shall feel sure 
of them. 



IN PORT HUDSON, July 10, 1863. 

.... This long, weary, dreary, lingering and lonely 
business is over, and Port Hudson is ours! I feel very 
much as though I should like to be a rooster for a few 
hours, and charm the world with the most clarion kind 
of crowing. My impressions of warfare had always been 
from an attentive study, in my younger days, of Peter 
Parley; that every battle must be attended with a sur 
render of one of the parties engaged. But in this war 
we have altered all that, and neither side ever gets 




CORP. J. GUSHING THOMAS, Co. C. CORP. THOMAS HARLOVV, Co. C. 




CHARLES A. LITTLEFIELD, in 1804. 
At Nineteen years of age. 



IRVING W. CAMPBELL, Co.E. 



LETTERS OF CAPT. JOHN L. SWIFT. 373 

whipped, but simply "change their base," or " retire for 
prudential reasons." At last we have obtained an old- 
fashioned victory. We have had a bona fide surrender, 
after the admirable style of the fathers a la Cornwallis 
and such. 

I do not think you girls can ever know the peculiar 
and indescribable sensation of boys when they produce 
their first cannon, and announce to mankind that the 
Fourth day of July has arrived. Long before the dawn 
of that glorious day, the ardent youth bids farewell to 
sleep, and yearns for the approach of light. 

It was, I confess, with feelings very like these that 
I awaited the hour for the commencement of ceremonies 
for the delivery of Port Hudson. The storming column, 
consisting of one thousand men and officers, who had 
volunteered to assault the works, and go over them at all 
hazards, had the post of honor, and led the column into 
the garrison. The entering party was rather select, but 
I was fortunate enough to be one of the stormers, so I 
was down for the sight. 

We were to be at the entrance very early, and I was 
on my horse at daybreak. At the sallyport we met two 
Confederate officers, handsome looking fellows, and very 
polite, who were to escort us. In conversation, one of 
them said to me, " Captain, I think if your army had 
been inside with our numbers, and we had your forces 
outside, we should not have been as long getting in as 
you have been." 

I asked him how many they had inside. He replied 
"About four thousand effective men now; when you 
came, we had about six thousand." I asked him if it was 
not always considered that one man inside of fortifi- 
dations was equal to six outside." 

"Yes," said he. "Well then, according to that, we 
should have had about thirty thousand men," "You did 
2 c 



374 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

have that amount didn t you ? " I told him, when he 
found out the force with which we had attacked them 
he would never again make the remark he had just 
uttered. We never had over fourteen thousand usable 
men, and the odds were fearfully against us. We have 
lost in killed and wounded about thirty-five hundred; 
but we have won, which is the main thing. 

Our talk was interrupted by the arrival of the staff 
officer, who was to receive the property. Then the 
march commenced ; the band struck up "Yankee Doodle," 
the bayonets gleamed in the sunlight; and the "old 
flag" came out with great strength that morning; it 
never seemed as elegant before. When we arrived at 
the head of the Confederate lines, General Gardner 
passed over his sword, with a few dignified words. His 
sword was, however, returned, with a compliment to the 
heroic manner with which the place had been defended. 
Then we all marched down the line. The officers were, 
generally, fine-looking men, but appeared dejected 
and crushed. Finally, the order was given for the Rebs 
to " ground arms," and they all laid down their guns. 
" Hail Columbia" was played, the flag was run up the 
staff, a Federal salute was fired, and the opening of the 
Mississippi was completed. 

In going around the works I was both amused and 
saddened. Fresh graves could everywhere be seen, 
and desolation marked every foot of earth. The 
church and many of the houses were riddled with balls, 
and the appearance of things about the breastworks 
reminded me of Daisy s basket of playthings, that never 
had a whole thing in it. You may remember it, with 
its legless horses, hornless cows, and wheelless carts. 
So, wagons, caissons and limbers were strewn all around, 
shattered and broken by our artillery. Most of their 
cannon had been hit they were knocked all sorts of 



LETTERS OF CAPTAIN JOHN L. SWIFT. 375 

ways, and some of them, as they lay stretched on the 
ground, beside their damaged carriages, looked exceed 
ingly mortified and humiliated. I wondered, as I saw 
both the formidable character of the ground (which is 
naturally immensely strong for defence) and the elabor 
ate works, which had been a year in preparation, that 
we had ever been able to get inside. They allege starva 
tion as the cause of surrender; but we should have 
taken it the next attempt, as we had works close upon 
them, and the assaulting party would have gone in. 




REGIMENTAL MONUMENT AT WINCHESTER, VA. 



Regimental JVIemorial 



SHENANDOAH VALLEY. 



FIFTEEN years after the close of the war, a movement 
was set on foot looking toward the erection of a suitable 
memorial of the Third Cavalry in the Shenandoah Val 
ley. A committee was chosen, consisting of the follow 
ing well-known comrades : Capt. Wm. H. Cunningham, 
Boston; Col. David P. Muzzey, Cambridgeport ; Hon. 
Henry B. Lovering, Lynn; Capt James W. Hervey, New 
Bedford ; Capt. P. S. Curry, Lynn ; Hon. James A. Small, 
Provincetown ; Charles A. Littlefield, Esq., East Bos 
ton. Capt. J. Cushing Thomas, Boston ; Charles T. 
Emery, Esq., Boston ; Lieut. Neal S. Dickey, treasurer, 
Boston; Capt. Russell C. Elliott, secretary, Boston. 

In due time the money was raised a generous gift 
having been received from the State and the time 
arrived when the monument was to be dedicated. In 
the fall of 1888 (September) a goodly company of com 
rades went to Virginia, saw the monument, properly 
erected on the battle-field of Winchester, and enjoyed a 
most interesting day during the dedicatory exercises. 

The monument is cut of the best Westerly granite, 
and is a handsome piece of art. The base is 6 feet long, 
by 3 feet 10 inches wide, and stands upon its foundation 



378 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

1 1 feet 7 inches high. On the Eastern face is chiseled 
the following lines: 

3rd Mass. Cavalry. 
Sheridan s Valley Campaign, 1864. 
Casualties: Killed and Wounded, 207. 

On the reverse side is the following, beneath which 
is the Nineteenth Army Corps badge, and the words : 

3rd Mass. Cavalry, 
igth Corps. 

The Northern Veterans were received most cordially 
by the Southern ex-Confederates, and citizens generally. 
Repairing to the battle-ground, September iQth Just 
24 years after Sheridan s victory at Opequon, the sol 
diers of the North joined and greeted those of the 
South. 

The following dedication ceremonies then took place : 
Dirge by Union Cornet band; a fervent prayer by Chap 
lain P. Shattuck, of Washington, D. C. ; presentation of 
the Monument to the Committee, by Captain W. H, 
Cunningham, of Boston, in an impressive address; 
reception address, which was couched in chaste and 
beautiful language, by Capt. Russell C. Elliott, of Boston. 
The following original poem was read by Capt. Charles 
EL Grover: 

We come from distant Northern homes, 
To place above our comrade s graves 
This chiseled monument of stone, 
And consecrate with prayer and praise. 

Emblem of faith, the patriot s dream 
Of faith in God, in man, in right; 
The evidence of things not seen; 
A guidon here, a guerdon bright. 



THE REGIMENTAL MEMORIAL. 379 

In peace they sleep as seasons fly ; 
A soldier s grave their funeral rite, 
The Opequon their lullaby 
Their sentinel the Loudoun height. 

Virginia old time chief of state, 
Who gave a father to our land, 
Your rampart ridges indicate 
The compact sealed by patriot hands. 

A pebble neath yon mountain height 
Decides the course the waters go ; 
The James doth thro your valley glide. 
The Kanawha seeks the Ohio s flow. 

Thence down the Mississippi s flood 
Where Northern voyageurs live in song, 
Mingling with old Castilian blood, 
In battle with a foreign throng. 

What matter where our lives are passed, 
If South or North or East or West ? 
Our aegis o er the wide earth cast 
Proclaims our heritage the best. 

No sovereign here of church or state. 
Ruled for and by .the people s hand, 
Behold our Union strong and great, 
Home for the oppressed of every land. 

It was for this they fought and died, 
For this their names are sculptured here ; 
In this loved vale, Virginia s pride, 
This sacred soil, forever dear. 

A hundred years ago and more 
Our fathers here together fought, 
And freedom planted on this shore 
A heritage thus dearly bought. 

And it is ours to hand it down 
To those who ll live when we are gone, 
This starry flag our Nation s crown 
Fairest and best the sun shines on. 

Then followed an eloquent oration by Col. David P. 
Muzzeyof Cambridgeport, Mass; recitation by Mrs. Mary 
E. Knowles, Junior Vice President of the Woman s 
Relief Corps, Department of Massachusetts; address, 



380 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

in his usual happy style, by Capt. Joseph A. Nulton, 
Stonewall Brigade, C. S. A. ; a well matured address, 
listened to with much pleasure, by George S. Evans. 
Past Commander Department of Massachusetts. Little 
Carrie Houston, six years of age, daughter of E. M. 
Houston, Commander of Mulligan Post, then crowned 
the monument with a wreath of evergreens, and crossed 
sabres of white flowers. The circle was also wreathed 
in handsome flowers by the little Misses Houston. 

At night some two hundred invited guests sat down 
to long tables in the Court House Hall. The hall and 
stage were handsomely decorated with large United 
States flags. The Union Cornet Band occupied the 
stage, and discoursed some of their sweetest strains 
during the entertainment. Toasts and responses fol 
lowed. 

" The day we celebrate," was appropriately responded 
to by Col. David P. Muzzey. " The American Soldier," 
was responded to in a happy manner by Mayor Wm. 
M. Atkinson. " Our Country," was responded to by 
Capt. Grover, of Boston. Commander Houston res 
ponded to the toast, "Mulligan Post." Capt. P. S. Curry 
of the " Vets." and Chaplain Barney of Mulligan Post, 
Col. L. T. Moore, and Capt. J. A. Nulton, ex-Confed 
erates, all responded to toasts in speeches that were in 
good taste, and were enjoyed by the company assembled. 

Every year since the monument was dedicated, it has 
been decorated on Memorial Day, by Miss Carrie Hous 
ton, of Winchester, Va. 



Joseph H. Kmgsley 
Q.Master 




CORPL. / 

MBRCSEL.VANNAH/ 




BIOGRAPHICAL 



GENERALS. 



GENERAL CUVIER GROVER. 



General Cuvier Grover was born at Bethel, Maine, 
July 24, 1829. He went to West Point, graduated in 
1850, and served on the frontier until 1853. At the be 
ginning of the civil war, he was appointed Brigadier- 
General of Volunteers, and commanded a brigade in the 
Army of the Potomac. 

After the battle of Williamsburg, May 5th, 1862, Gen 
eral Grover was breveted Lieutenant-Colonel; and after 
the battle of Fair Oaks, May 3ist, 1862, he was breveted 
Colonel for gallant and meritorious services, August 29, 
1862. June 18, 1862, Grover made a reconnoissance 
toward Richmond, and this was followed by an advance 
of Hooker and Kearney to within four miles of Rich 
mond, the nearest approach during its investment by 
McClellan. 

From December, 1862, to July, 1864, General Grover 
commanded a division in the Department of the Gulf. 
He landed, with the Forty-first, at Baton Rouge, Dec. 17, 
1862. This was successfully accomplished without much 
opposition. April 14, 1863, he fought the battle of Irish 
Bend, Louisiana. He took part in the stubborn advance 
against Port Hudson, and his command fought bravely, 
and suffered heavy losses. In the Red River campaign, 



388 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

General Grover commanded two brigades of the Nine 
teenth Corps, and was stationed at Alexandria. 

In 1864, Grover was with Sheridan in the Shenandoah 
Valley. At Cedar Creek, October 19, 1864, General 
Emory says : " Our first line (Grover) rose up, en masse, 
and delivered their fire, and the enemy disappeared." 
March 13, 1865, for meritorious services during the Reb 
ellion, General Grover was breveted Brigadier-General 
and Major-General in the Regular Army. He was pro 
moted to be Colonel of the First Cavalry in 1875, an d held 
that command till his death at Atlantic City, New 
Jersey, June 6, 1885. 



GENERAL NATHAN A. M. DUDLEY. 

General Nathan Augustus Monroe Dudley was born 
in Lexington, Mass., August 20, 1825. He was appointed 
First Lieutenant of the Tenth Infantry, in the Regular 
Army, March 3, 1855, and Captain, May 7, 1.861. On 
the organization of the Thirtieth Massachusetts Volun 
teer Infantry, he was appointed as its Colonel, March i, 
1862. 

Colonel Dudley commanded a brigade during the 
bombardment of Forts Jackson and Philip, and in the 
occupation of New Orleans. He was the military com 
mander of New Orleans in May and June, 1862. He 
commanded a brigade in the expedition toward Vicks- 
burg. At the battle of Baton Rouge, La., August 5, 
1862, Colonel Dudley commanded the Second Brigade, 
and after the death of General Williams in this battle, 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 389 

the entire command devolved upon Col. Dudley. For 
his services in this battle, he was breveted Major, Au 
gust 5, 1862. 

In the siege of Port Hudson, Dudley commanded a 
brigade of infantry, with two regiments of cavalry, and 
was engaged in the battle of Plain Store, and the assault 
of June I4th. For gallant and meritorious services 
in the Port Hudson campaign, he was breveted Lieu 
tenant-Colonel, June 14, 1863. On July I2th and I3th 
he participated in the battle of Cox s Plantation. In the 
Red River Expedition, he commanded a brigade of Cav 
alry, including the Third Massachusetts, and three bat 
teries. At the battle of Sabine Cross Roads, Dudley s 
Brigade was in the advance, and was the last to leave the 
field. 

He was also engaged in Sheridan s campaign in the 
Shenandoah. He commanded the Third Brigade, Sec 
ond Division, Nineteenth Corps. He was in command 
at Natchez in 1868; Galveston, 1869; Huntsville, 1870; 
Fort McDowell, 1871. 

In 1876 he was in New Mexico; 1878 he was at Fort 
Stanton. Later General Dudley fought against the 
Apache Indians. In 1883 an d 84 he commanded Forts 
Hayes and Lyon in the Department of the Platte. In 
1885 he saw service in Oklahoma. With the First Cav 
alry, he was stationed at Fort Custer, and was personally 
in command at the battle of Little Big Horn River, Nov. 
7, 1888. He was retired Aug. 20, 1889. He now lives 
at Dudley Street, Roxbury, Mass. 



39 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 



BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL EDWARD L. 
MOLINEUX. 



General E. L. Molineux, the Brigade Commander of 
the Third Massachusetts Cavalry, was one of the bravest 
and best-beloved generals in the Union army. Long 
before the outbreak of the Civil War, he was prominently 
identified with the National Guard of the State of New 
York. In 1854, he was an honored member of the 
Brooklyn City Guard. 

When the Civil War broke out, he offered his services 
to the State, in defence of the Union. He joined the 
Second Company of the Seventh Regiment ; later, he 
was elected Lieutenant-Colonel of the Third Regiment. 
In August, 1862, he raised the iSQth Regiment of New 
York Volunteers, and was made Lieutenant-Colonel, 
and afterwards, Colonel. This regiment joined the 
Banks Expedition, and, with the Forty-first Massachu 
setts, was the first to land at Baton Rouge, Louisiana. 

Colonel Molineux distinguished himself at the Battle 
of Irish Bend. While leading a charge, he was severely 
wounded. Just as he was giving the rallying cry, " For 
ward New York !" a rifle-ball entered his mouth, taking off 
a piece of his upper jaw. He was prominent during the 
Red River Campaign, serving as Assistant Inspector- 
General on Franklin s staff. While the dam was build 
ing at Alexandria, he had command of the troops north 
of the Red River. In the Shenandoah Valley, he parti 
cipated in the battles of Opequon, Fisher s Hill and 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 391 

Cedar Creek, and was promoted Brigadier-General by 
brevet, for gallantry in these three engagements. 

General Molineux was placed in charge of the works 
at Savannah, and, later, of Forts Pulaski and Tybee. In 
June, 1865, he was made military commander of north 
ern Georgia. With the return of peace, General Moli 
neux retired to civil life, with the rank of Major-General, 
by brevet, for gallant and meritorious service in the war. 



SKETCHES 



REGIMENTAL OFFICERS AND MEN 



BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL THOMAS E. 
CHICKERING. 

General Thomas E. Chickering, the first Colonel of 
the Forty-first Massachusetts Regiment, and Third Cav 
airy, was a Bostonian. He was born in Boston, October 
22nd, 1824, educated in the same city, and was engaged 
in business in the same city for many years. When 
quite young, he entered the manufactory of his father, 
head of the firm of Chickering Piano Manufacturing 
Company, with a determination to master the business 
He commenced at the foundation, and in a few months 
there were few who were more proficient. 

When he reached his majority, he became a member 
of the firm, in which he continued for twenty years, till 
the time of his death. When his father died in 1853, he 
became its head, and upon him devolved a large share of 
the responsibility of a large and increasing business. 

The military career of Colonel Chickering commenced 
in 1857, when he became an active member of the Boston 
Light Infantry. He subsequently commanded the New 
England Guards, and was for several years commander 
of the First Regiment of the Massachusetts Militia. 





FN. JOHN L. SWIF 



BREV.-BRIG GEN. S. TYLER READ. 







GEN. ED. L. MOLINEUX. 




GEN. BENJ. H: GRJERSON. 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 393 

When the war broke out, nothing but great business 
interests kept him from immediately offering his ser 
vices ; but, at length, he made known his purpose to serve 
his country in this capacity. Governor Andrew very 
gladly availed himself of the offer, and commissioned 
him as Colonel of the I 7 orty-first Massachusetts In 
fantry. He was commissioned September isth, 1862, 
and on the 4th of November, he led his troops through 
the city of Boston, on their way to the front. 

He commanded the camp at Long Island in Novem 
ber, 1862, and sailed with Banks on December 4th, from 
New York to New Orleans, and went with his regiment 
at once to Baton Rouge, La. He was present at the 
battle of Irish Bend, and, at the head of his regiment, 
took possession of Opelousas, where he was made mili 
tary governor. He commanded all the forces at Barre s 
Landing, and was ordered by General Banks to bring a 
large wagon train with the troops under his com 
mand to Brashear City. He performed this duty so 
well as to receive the commendation of the Command 
ing General But the camping in the Teche country, 
naturally, affected his health; and, soon after, he was 
compelled to relinquish his command, return North, and 
seek rest. He was made Brevet Brigadier-General in 
1864, when his connection with the regiment terminated. 

While General Chickering had retired from active 
service as a soldier, he never lost his interest in military 
affairs, nor in the cause of the Union. He was a gentle 
man of kindliest instincts, and took great interest in the 
welfare of his fellow-men. Colonel Chickering did not 
forget his comrades in arms. He was at the first 
reunions of his old regiment, and was the first President 
of the Regimental Association. He was always consider 
ate of his men; no unkind acts, or uncouth words, could 
any of them lay at his door. 
2 D 



394 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

General Chickering s death was sudden and sad. Be 
cause of injury to his own home on Beacon Street, he 
was stopping, temporarily, at the Tremont House. On 
Monday he was in the enjoyment of his usual health, 
and dined with his family. In the evening he engaged 
in his usual business correspondence. A few minutes 
after ten o clock in the evening he retired to his rooms, 
complaining of feeling sleepy, and threw himself upon 
the couch. His daughter noticed that he fell asleep at 
once, and placed a pillow beneath his head. A half an 
hour later he showed symptoms of apoplexy, and soon 
expired. 

The funeral services were held in Trinity Church, and 
among the many organizations in attendance were one 
hundred of the Third Cavalry his old Regiment, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Ansel D. Wass, commanding; a 
large detachment from the Ancient and Honorable Ar 
tillery Company, of which Colonel Chickering was once a 
commander ; and two hundred and fifty members of the 
Handel and Haydn Society, of which the deceased was a 
member. The service was conducted by Rev. Phillips 
Brooks and Bishop Eastburn. He was buried at Mount 
Auburn. General Chickering died Feb. Hth, 1870. 



GENERAL ANSEL D. WASS. 

General Ansel D. Wass was born in 1833. When 
the Civil War began, he was engaged in business in Bos 
ton. At the first call of the President for volunteers, in 
April, 1861, he left his business, and marched through 
Baltimore with the Sixth Massachusetts Regiment, as 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 395 

First Lieutenant of the Washington Light Guard of 
Boston. 

Upon the return of the Sixth, he was promoted to a 
captaincy in the Nineteenth Massachusetts, served 
through the Peninsular Campaign, and was severely 
wounded at the battle of Glendale. After recovering 
from his wound, he was commissioned Lieutenant- 
Colonel of the Forty-first Massachusetts, and, subse 
quently, Colonel of the Nineteenth. 

Toward the close of the war he enlisted the entire 
Sixtieth Massachusetts Regiment, to serve for one 
hundred days, and, with this regiment, he was engaged 
in guarding Confederate prisoners in Indiana, where he 
was kept kept in service by the War Department, after 
the regiment was withdrawn. March 13, 1865, Colonel 
Wass was breveted Brigadier-General of Volunteers for 
gallant and meritorious services during the war. 

After the war was over, General Wass filled a position 
in the Boston Custom House. He died in Boston, Jan 
uary 24, 1889. 



COLONEL LORENZO D. SARGENT. 

Colonel Lorenzo Dow Sargent, the second Colonel of 
the Third Cavalry, was born in Windham, New Hamp 
shire, December 24th, 1862. Very early in life, he com 
menced to work in the cotton mills of Lowell. He 
removed to Lawrence, securing the position of overseer 
in the weaving department of the Atlantic Mills. 

About that time the " gold fever " induced him to 



39^ THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

leave Lawrence, and he joined a company of adventurers 
and went to California in the fall of 1849. After spend 
ing several months in the gold region, he returned to 
Massachusetts, to become overseer in the weaving depart 
ment of the Atlantic Mills. He joined the military 
company the Sixth Regiment and, serving through 
the different grades in the company, he was, succes 
sively, elected Second Lieutenant, First Lieutenant, and 
Captain. 

He was afterward elected Major and Lieutenant-Col 
onel of the Regiment, and, in 1858, resigned his commis 
sion. His military training and experience soon brought 
him to the attention of His Excellency, John A. Andrew. 
He immediately recruited Company B of this Regi 
ment, and was commissioned Captain of the company. 
When the company, joining with others, formed a Bat 
talion in this regiment, Captain Sargent was promoted 
to Major of this battalion. 

He participated with the regiment in the following 
engagements: Irish Bend, Siege of Port Hudson (1863), 
Henderson Hill, Cane River, Sabine Cross Roads. 
Muddy Bayou, Piney Woods, Snag Point, Yellow Bayou, 
Opequon, Fisher s Hill, Cedar Creek, and all the skir 
mishes and affairs of the regiment. He was commis 
sioned Lieutenant-Colonel on February ist, 1863, and 
Colonel on September 21^,^1864. 

Returning to Lawrence, he concluded to go into busi 
ness, and, having had long experience in manufacturing, 
he started business in Shirley, Mass., and commenced 
manufacturing cotton cloth for the Boston market. He 
soon after commenced a new business, manufacturing 
boxes for the corporations. 

Early in the fall he went to California for the benefit 
of his health, and remained there during the winter. 
Returning to Lawrence to take part in the exercises of 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 3Q7 

Memorial Day, he remained until August, when he went 
back to California, where he died on the iQth of Septem 
ber, 1882, on the very day his old regiment, the Third 
Massachusetts Cavalry, was holding its annual reunion. 
His remains were sent home for burial, and his memory 
was honored by the greatest public demonstration, given 
to a departed comrade in Lawrence, since the day when 
all Lawrence had mourned the loss of its first son to die 
in the Civil War, the lamented Sumner Needham. 



COLONEL BURR PORTER. 

Colonel Burr Porter, who succeeded Colonel Sargent 
in command of the Third Cavalry, was a gentleman of 
liberal culture, and a soldier of varied experience. He 
served in three wars, and obtained military distinction 
on two continents. Burr Porter was born in New Hart 
ford, Conn., Oct. 26, 1831. After graduating at Rutger s 
College, New Brunswick, N. J., with high honors, and, 
having an ardent love of freedom and liberty, he went 
to Europe, and offered his sword to the Turkish Govern 
ment at the beginning of the Crimean War. He served 
on the staff of Omar Pasha, was in the siege before 
Sevastopol, and earned distinction and fame, being pres 
ented with a sword by the Foreign Legion, composed of 
the English and French officers who also served in that 
war. 

He came back to New York, and was practising law 
when the Civil War broke out. He was among the first 
to offer his services, and at the outset of the struggle 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

served on the staff of General John C. Fremont. Gov 
ernor Andrew sent for him, and offered him a commission 
in some Massachusetts regiment. Colonel Porter chose 
the Fortieth, and for some time was its Commander. 
Near the close of the war, he was made Colonel of the 
Third Massachusetts Cavalry. 

He was married in 1868, and an only child, Katherine, 
was born in 1869. When the Franco-Prussian War 
broke out, his love for the French impelled him to aid 
France in her hour of need, and he went over to organ 
ize cavalry. The Army of the Loire being in great dis 
tress, he offered his sword to the French. He took a 
staff position with General Clancy. He was killed in 
action December loth, 1870, and was buried with mili 
tary honors. His body was, later, brought to America, 
and his last resting place is in Forest Hills Cemetery, 
Mass. 



COLONEL FRED. G. POPE. 

Colonel Fred. G. Pope was born in Kennebunkport, 
Maine, October 6th, 1824, and came to Boston when 
about seventeen years of age. He engaged in the 
mason s business with his brothers, George W. and 
James L. Pope, and remained in that business until the 
breaking out of the Civil War. He volunteered to raise 
a company in Ward n, and was made Captain. This 
company was called the Ward n Guard, but was known 
officially as Co. D, Forty-first Regt. Infantry, and Third 
Massachusetts Cavalry. He succeeded to the rank of 
Major and Lieutenant-Colonel, and, after reaching home, 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 399 

he received from Governor John A. Andrew a com 
mission as Colonel for his efficient services. 

After his return from the war, he was appointed As 
sistant Sealer of Weights and Measures. He also held 
an office in the Boston Custom House under Russell, 
Simmons, Beard and Worthington., being in the Ap 
praiser s Department at the time of his death. He was 
identified with the Grand Army, being an active mem 
ber of Post 32. He also belonged to the Third Massa 
chusetts Cavalry Association, the Royal Arcanum, the 
Knights of Honor, and many other organizations. In 
1869 he was elected president of the Regimental Asso 
ciation. Colonel Pope passed to the higher life, Febru 
ary i6th, 1884, leaving a widow, two daughters, and a 
son. 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL JOHN F. VINAL. 

Colonel John F. Vinal entered the Volunteer Army as 
Captain of Company A, Forty-first Massachusetts In 
fantry, August 21, 1862. He was 42 years of age when 
he enlisted, and was engaged in business at New Bed 
ford, Mass. His term of service covered the entire per 
iod from the formation of the Regiment to August 15, 
1865. 

February ist, 1863, Captain Vinal was promoted to 
be Major. When Colonel Chickering was appointed 
military governor of the Louisiana District, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Sargent became Provost Marshal. The Regi 
ment was then put under the command of Major Vinal, 



4OO THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

and assigned to Provost duty, September 2, 1864, Vinal 
was promoted to be Lieutenant-Colonel, and during 
much of the year, the Regiment was under his com 
mand. It was mainly due to his efforts that the Regi 
ment was remounted after the campaign in the Shenan- 
doah Valley. Vinal was honorably discharged August 
15, 1865. 

For years after the war, Lieutenant-Colonel Vinal was 
engaged in business in Washington, D. C., as a pension- 
claim agent. He was made president of the Regi 
mental Association in 1897. He died in Washington, 
in the latter part of 1901. He suddenly dropped dead 
while walking in the street. 



LIEUT.-COLONEL DAVID P. MUZZEY. 

Colonel David Patterson Muzzey was born November 
8, 1838, in Cambridgeport, son of Rev. Artemus B. Muz 
zey, and Hepzibeth Patterson Muzzey. Further back, 
some of his ancestors served on the patriot side in the 
War of the Revolution; and one of them, John Muzzey, 
fell in the Battle of Lexington, and is buried under the 
monument on Lexington Common. 

The subject of this sketch was educated in the Cam 
bridge public schools attending the old Harvard School, 
and at Hopkins Classical School. He removed to Con 
cord, N. H., March, 1854, and lived there until September, 
1857, when he, with his parents, took up his residence in 
Newburyport. He then began the study of law in the 
office of his brother, Henry W. Muzzey, in Boston. In 




s> 



o* 

/. 

w 

>^ 

w 



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BIOGRAPHICAL. 4-OI 

1860, Colonel Muzzey was admitted to the Suffolk bar 
in Boston, and began, at once, to practise in Cambridge, 
Mass. 

He enlisted as a private soldier in Company A, First 
Massachusetts Infantry on May 23, 1861, and went to 
camp with the regiment at Fresh Pond ; the only avail 
able quarters being the ice-houses there, which proved, 
as may be imagined, very damp and uncomfortable. On 
the i5th of June, 1861, Colonel Cowdin was ordered to 
proceed with his regiment to Washington. From Wash 
ington the men went to Camp Banks, Georgetown. 

Here they remained till they went to Bull Run, Va. 
where Colonel Muzzey got his first taste of active ser 
vice. After the famous retreat, the regiment returned 
to Washington and Bladensburg, where he left it on 
account of promotion to the Second Lieutenancy of 
Company I, Twenty-third Massachusetts Infantry, and 
was engaged with that Regiment in the battles of Roan- 
oke and Newbern, N. C., under General Burnside. At 
the latter city, he was on Provost duty several months 
with his regiment. 

He resigned his commission on July 17, 1862, and re 
turned to Massachusetts. He was commissioned as 
Second Lieutenant in Company G, Forty-first Massa 
chusetts Infantry, September 16, 1862, and promoted to 
First Lieutenant on November i of that year. Colonel 
Muzzey went with the regiment to Baton Rouge, where 
he was detailed with his company as Provost Guard of 
the city. 

In the Teche campaign, he took charge of the Rebel 
prisoners captured by General Grover. He was also 
subsequently detailed to act as Deputy Provost Marshal, 
at New Iberia, under Captain Long, of the Thirty-first 
Massachusetts Regiment. From there he returned to 
Baton Rouge, and took part in the siege of Port Hudson, 
2 E 



4O2 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

where he was promoted to Captain of Company G, 
Third Massachusetts Cavalry, on June iyth, 1863. 

Under the printed general order 49, headquarters 
Department of the Gulf, calling for volunteers, to storm 
the seven miles of rebel earthworks at Port Hudson. 
Colonel Muzzey and thirty of his regiment volunteered. 
He was also engaged in the battles of the Red 
River campaign, and then returned to New Orleans, 
whence he was ordered with his regiment to the Shen- 
andoah Valley, Va., where he participated in the battles 
under General Sheridan, and served subsequently upon 
his staff several months. 

In the spring of 1865, the Regiment was ordered to 
Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, to join the expedition of 
General Connor against the Indians of Powder River, 
Montana. Here Colonel Muzzey received his promo 
tion to Major on August 15, 1865. After advancing 
five hundred miles to Julesburg, Colorado, an order was 
received from the War Department, directing the return 
of the regiment to Fort Leavenworth, as its term of 
service would expire on November i, 1865. On arrival 
at this post, the muster-out rolls were made, and Colonel 
Muzzey left for Massachusetts with his command, the 
first regiment during the war to pass through Canada, 
arriving at Galloupe s Island, Boston Harbor. While at 
this post he received the commission of Lieutenant- 
Colonel of the regiment. On October 8, the command 
was paid off, and discharged from the service. 

After the war, Col. Muzzey practised law for a year at 
Leavenworth, Kansas. He then returned to Cambridge, 
and fitted for the Unitarian ministry at the Harvard 
Divinity School; graduated in 1869, ar *d was settled 
over the Unitarian churches of Littleton and Stow, 
Mass. He was appointed visitor of the Overseers of the 
Poor of Cambridge, in February, 1877, and as secretary 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 403 

of the Board, in May of the same year, which office he 
holds at the present time. Colonel Muzzey was Presi 
dent of the Regimental Association in 1885. 



SURGEON A. H. BLANCHARD. 

Albert H. Blanchard was born at the old North End 
of Boston, June 25, 1828, when that was a residential 
quarter. He was the son of John W. and Sarah A. 
Blanchard. His parents soon removed to South Boston, 
and he attended the Hawes School, graduating there in 
1841. He then attended the English High School, and 
afterwards lived in Portsmouth N. H. for three years, 
with a relative, who was an apothecary. He learned the 
business, and, during the last year, commenced the study 
of medicine with Dr. J. H. Boardman. Returning to 
Boston, he joined the Tremont Medical School, and en 
tered the Harvard Medical College. He was ready to 
graduate in 1850, but, being appointed one of the house 
physicians of the Massachusetts General Hospital, post 
poned graduation for one year, as graduates were not 
then received in that institution. After receiving his 
diploma in 1851, he was invited, later in the season, to 
settle in Sherborn, Mass, in succession to Dr. Oliver 
Everett, deceased. He took up his residence there 
December 18, 1851, and has lived and practised there, 
and in adjoining towns to this day, excepting during his 
absence in the Civil War. 

May i8th, 1852, he was married to Eunice Alden 
Hooper, of Dorchester, Mass., a direct descendant of 



404 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

John and Priscilla Alden. In May, 1902, they celebrated 
their golden wedding. 

In August 1862, he was appointed Surgeon by Sur 
geon-General Dale, and was assigned to the Forty-first 
Massachusetts Infantry. 

On September 3d, he was mustered into the United 
States service at Boxford, Mass. Later, they pro 
ceeded to New York city, and from there, sailed on 
the Banks Expedition, for the South, and in the same 
vessel with General Banks and staff, Its destination 
was not generally known until its arrival at New Or 
leans, where General Banks superseded General Butler. 

Surgeon Blanchard served in several small engage 
ments not far from. New Orleans, and through the whole 
siege of Port Hudson, and the small battle of Plains 
Store, near by. In June, 1863, the Forty-first had been 
converted into Cavalry, and is generally known as the 
Third Massachusetts Cavalry, the number of companies 
being increased to twelve by the addition of some inde 
pendent companies of cavalry. 

Before the regiment marched for the Red River 
campaign, Dr. Blanchard was obliged to resign, the ex 
posure incident to a military life, in a warm, damp, 
climate, having affected his health. He was discharged 
February 2gth, 1864. During his service, which was 
arduous, he acted five times as Post Surgeon, which gave 
him the oversight of all the regiments at each post. 

In May, 1864, he was sent by the Surgeon-General as 
an extra surgeon to Fredericksburg, Va., after the great 
battle there, to assist in the care of the wounded. He 
then retired to private life and practice. 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 405 



MAJOR DAVID T. BUNKER. 

David Thayer Bunker was born in Charlestown, Me., 
December 12, 1836. He was educated in the country 
schools, and afterwards entered Harvard Medical. Be 
fore his course was finished, a protracted illness from 
typhoid fever made it impossible for him to continue his 
studies. For several years before the war, he was in the 
Custom House, Boston, and when he enlisted, his asso 
ciates presented him with a large flag and sword. 

In 1862, he was commissioned Captain of Company 
K, of the Thirty-third. Later he was transferred with 
his company to the Forty-first, and joined the latter 
regiment at Baton Rouge in December, 1862 ; serving 
honorably as captain in the Teche country, and at Port 
Hudson. He was often on detached duty, and went with 
the regiment on the Red River campaign. He was 
promoted Major in the fall of 64. 

At the close of the war, he again entered the Custom 
House, where he remained until a change of adminis 
tration. He was afterward employed in a bank in Bos 
ton, and was finally appointed consul for Demerara, 
South America. He died of yellow fever, February 5, 
1888, aged 52 years. He attended the reunions of the 
regiment when he could, and was made president of 
the Regimental Association in 1874. 



MAJOR JOHN A. COMMERFORD. 

Major John A. Commerford was born in Lowell, Mass., 
November 2, 1838, and was educated in the grammar and 
high schools of that city. He was engaged in business 



406 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

with his father before the War of the Rebellion, and 
until August 27th, 1862, when he was commissioned 
Second Lieutenant of Company G, Forty-first Massa 
chusetts Infantry, subsequently changed to the Third 
Massachusetts Cavalry. On the arrival of the regiment 
at New Orleans, it was ordered to proceed to Baton 
Rouge, La. Captain W. H. Seamans commanded Com 
pany G, and was detached from the regiment, and ap 
pointed Provost Marshal with First Lieutenant D. P. 
Muzzey as his assistant. Lieut. Commerford was placed 
in command of the provost guard , and was quartered at 
Baton Rouge. 

He was Assistant Provost Marshal, Second Divis 
ion Nineteenth Army Corps, commanded by Major- 
General C. Grover, during the Red River expedition, 
and, when the army returned to New Orleans, he was 
detailed to collect and send stragglers of General Banks 
army to their respective commands. 

Prior to this, Lieut. Commerford was detailed to as 
sume charge of enlisted men of the Nineteenth Corps who 
were transferred to the Navy, with headquarters at New 
Orleans. He then joined his company and regiment in 
the Shenandoah Valley, participated in the Battles of 
Winchester, Cedar Creek and Fisher s Hill, being slightly 
wounded and permanently injured at Cedar Creek- He 
took part in nearly all the battles and skirmishes in 
which his regiment was engaged. 

Major Commerford had been in command of Com 
panies H and B, on different occasions, and was with 
the regiment from muster in, in 1862, to muster out, in 
1865. He has been Superintendent of National Ceme 
teries since 1880, and is now in charge of Marietta, Ga., 
National Cemetery. 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 407 



MAJOR WILLIAM M. GIFFORD. 

Major W. M. Gifford was well-known as one of the 
most faithful officers in the regiment. When the war 
broke out, he was living in Boston. He was patriotic, 
and so could not remain at home. He joined Company E, 
Captain Pope, and went with the company to Lynn- 
field, being made First Lieutenant, September 2, 1862. 
One year later, we find him Captain. In 1865, he was 
made Major. 

While with the regiment, he commanded Companies 
A, C, D, E and F, and he was with the regiment in the 
Teche campaign, Port Hudson, Red River, and Shenan- 
doah Valley. He was detailed to report to Camp Stone- 
man, to take command of three hundred cavalry to guard 
the Third Cavalry wagon train to Harper s Ferry and 
do picket duty. He reported in Washington to General 
N. A. M. Dudley, July 3ist, 1864. 

On September 6, 1864, he was sent to the hospital, in 
Annapolis, Md. October 8, 1864, he received orders 
from the War Department, and was detailed to report to 
Provost Marshal General s office at Augusta, Maine. 

On May yth, 1865, he was ordered by the War Depart 
ment to join his regiment at Fall s Church, Va. He 
went through all the Western campaign, arriving in 
Boston, and being mustered out with his regiment. 
Major Gifford, at the close of the war, was engaged in 
business for many years in Providence, R. I. 



408 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 



MAJOR EDWARD L. NOYES. 

Major Edward L. Noyes was born in Newburyport, 
Mass, August 10, 1831 , had a common school education 
in Ills native town, and joined (Gushing Guard) Com 
pany A, Eighth Regiment, M.V. M., 1849, as marker. 
He was mustered into the United States Volunteers, 
April isth, 1861, as Sergeant; commissioned Fourth 
Lieutenant, April 16, 1861 ; was appointed Regimental 
Commissary, April 25, 1861, and was mustered out of the 
United States Volunteers, August 2ist, 1861. 

He was appointed Adjutant of the Eighth Regiment, 
M.V. M., in September, 1861. In August, 1862, he was 
mustered into United States Volunteers as First Lieu 
tenant of Company B, Forty-first Massachusetts Vol 
unteers ; was commissioned Captain of Company B, 
September 4, 1862, and was mustered out as Major, 
Third Massachusetts Cavalry, July 21, 1865, at Fort 
Leavenworth, Kansas. 

Major Noyes was a most brave and efficient officer. 
He was with the regiment during its entire period of 
service, until the date of his discharge. He was engaged 
at Irish Bend, and during the Port Hudson campaign, 
and after, he was often selected for important service. 
During the Red River expedition, and in the Shenan. 
doah Valley campaign, he was always at his post. He 
has ever been active in the Regimental Association, and 
no reunion has been complete without his presence and 
voice. He has been president one year, and toast- 
master, and has always served with efficiency. 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 409 



GENERAL JOHN L. SWIFT. 

General John L. Swift was born of good stock. He 
had patriotic blood, and lived many years in Boston. 
He was appointed United States Storekeeper at Boston 
Custom House in 1861, but resigned in 1862, to enter the 
army. 

His military career began early during the civil war. 
Of a patriotic temperament, he volunteered as a private, 
in 1862, in Captain King s company, Thirty-fifth Regi 
ment, Massachusetts Volunteers, Six weeks later, he was 
made a Sergeant. The regiment was ordered to Antie- 
tam, and, just as the train was leaving the station, Ser 
geant Swift was ordered by Governor Andrew to return 
to Roxbury, and raise a company of volunteers. This 
he did in ten days. He was now commissioned as Cap 
tain of this Roxbury company, which became Com 
pany C, the color company of the Forty-first Massachu 
setts Volunteers. The sergeant, who took Swift s place 
was killed at Antietam, five minutes after the battle 
opened. 

Swift drilled his company at Lynnfield, and Boxford, 
having as his First Lieutenant, W. T. Hodges, of Rox 
bury, and Otis, of same city, as Second Lieutenant. He 
went South with his regiment to New Orleans, and, at 
Baton Rouge, was made Provost Judge. He was present 
at the Battle of Irish Bend, on General Grover s staff, 
and during the siege of Port Hudson, he was one of 
the" Forlorn Hope" who volunteered to storm the works 
of the enemy in response to the call of General Banks. 
He remained on the staff of General Grover as Captain 
2 F 



4 IQ THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

and Judge Advocate until 1864. He also served on the 
staff of the first Governor of Louisiana, Michael Hahn, 
after the reconstruction of the State. 

General Swift was honorably discharged from the army, 
in order to accept a position as Adjutant-General of 
Louisiana, which position he held until 1865, when he 
resigned. 

Returning North, he re-entered the service of the 
United States Government at the Boston Custom House, 
where he was an efficient official for many years. He 
was in great demand as a lecturer and orator, and 
stumped the State during many political campaigns. 
He was an ardent Republican, a true patriot, a friend of 
education, reform and religion, and died respected by all 
who knew him. 



BRIGADIER-GENERAL GEORGE B. LOUD. 

General George B. Loud was born in Pittston, Me., in 
1845. Lived in Massachusetts, principally at Salem, from 
1849 to 1862, when he enlisted in Company F, Forty- 
first Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry (Third Massa 
chusetts Cavalry), Nineteenth Army Corps. He parti 
cipated in the Red River and Teche campaigns of 
Louisiana; wounded in right ankle by piece of shell, at 
Springfield Landing, Port Hudson, in 1863, while on 
detached service in Commissary Department; enrolled 
in United States Colored Troops in 1864; commissioned 
Second Lieutenant Seventy-fifth United States Colored 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 4!! 

Infantry, and subsequently in Tenth United States 
Colored Heavy Artillery. He was finally mustered 
out, February 22, 1867, breveted First Lieutenant and 
Captain. 

He married Miss Millie Beraud, of Plaquemine, La., 
in 1867, and located subsequently in that State; partici 
pated iii the organization of the State Militia, serving as 
Captain, Lieutenant-Colonel, and, for several years, as 
Brigadier-General, Louisiana State National Guard, and 
was one of the first to promote popular education in 
Louisiana after the war, being: Third Division Super 
intendent of fourteen parishes, (counties) for three years 
and acting State Superintendent of Education in 1876. 

He was the nominee of the Republican party in 1872, 
for Secretary of State. As U. S. Supervisor in the 
election of 1876, he discovered a serious mistake in the 
omission of the electors in the printed ballots of a 
faction, and to correct this, he started, on horseback, at 
daybreak, on election day, 60 miles, through Iberville, 
and West Baton Rouge, killing two horses, and ruining 
a third, but saving, as certified by the Returning Board 
and the chairman of the State Committee, the electoral 
vote of Louisiana, without which meant the defeat of 
President Hayes. 

In 1881 he removed to Florida; was Special Deputy 
Collector of Customs, President of City Council, Acting 
Mayor, and United States Shipping Commissioner; was 
correspondent there of every daily in Louisiana, Ala 
bama, and Florida, and in 1885, removed to Chicago on 
the editorial staff of the "Railway Age," subsequently of 
the "Railway Review." 

Coming to New York in 1887, he was editor of the 
" Grand Army Review," subsequently, of the " Home and 
Country Magazine." He has been one of the corps of 
lecturers of the Board of Education of New York city 



4 12 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

for several years. At present, he is in the Bureau of 
Commissioners of Jurors, New York. He has a national 
reputation as an orator, in constant demand as speaker 
for patriotic occasions, and by churches and lyceums. 
He has delivered Memorial Day addresses for fifteen 
years, four times in Massachusetts, at Gloucester, Lynn, 
Salem, and Chelsea. 



CAPTAIN JOSEPH B. BRAMAN. 

Joseph Balch Braman, born February 15, 1845, at 
Brighton (now a part of the city of Boston), Mass. He 
enlisted at Boston, December 7,1861, in Captain James M. 
Magee s Cavalry Company; was discharged at New Or 
leans, La., June 21, 1862, being disabled; enlisted again 
at Boston, May 16, 1864, in the Twelfth Unattached 
Company, Massachusetts Volunteers serving at Prov- 
incetown, Mass, and Long Point Batteries. On August 
4, 1864, was discharged by order of Major-General Dix, 
having been commissioned July 21, 1864, Captain of 
Company D, Forty-seventh Regiment, Massachusetts 
Volunteers. 

Captain Braman entered Harvard College in 1863, m 
in the class of 1867, leaving at the end of the freshman 
year. Then he went West, and with St. Louis, Mo., for 
his headquarters, was, for a time, Military Storekeeper 
U. S. Army. He entered the Harvard College Law 
School in 1866, and was graduated from it in 1868, re 
ceiving the degree of LL.B. Was admitted to the Bar 
in the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts, at Bos 
ton, June 5, 1869, and subsequently was admitted to the 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 413 

United States Circuit and District Courts, at Boston ; 
practised law at Brighton, Mass., until January, 1871, and, 
subsequently, at Boston. 

In December, 1872, his health being impaired, he went 
with his family to Los Angeles, California, where he was 
admitted to the Bar, and practised law until May, 1874. 
While there, he made Commissioner of Deeds for Mas 
sachusetts and Georgia. In May, 1874, he returned to 
Boston, and practiced law until 1883. While in Boston, 
he was Notary Public, Justice of the Peace, Commis 
sioner of the United States Court of Claims, Commis 
sioner of Deeds for all the States, Territories, British 
Provinces, and for many foreign countries, United States 
Passport Agent, Naturalization and Consular Agent. 
Moving from Boston to New York city, in the spring of 
1883, he was admitted to the State, and to the United 
States Courts, and held, and now holds, "the same 
public offices as in Boston. January 11, 1876, he was ad 
mitted to the Supreme Court of the United States, at 
Washington, D. C. While resident in Boston, he was 
elected a member of the American Public Health Asso 
ciation. 

Captain Braman is a 32nd degree Mason, being a mem 
ber of Bethhoron Lodge, of Brookline, Mass. ; Union 
Royal Arch Chapter, York Commandery of Knights 
Templars, Lodge of Perfection, Council of Princes, 
Chapter of Rose Croix, New York Consistory and Mecca 
Shrine, all of New York city, Also, a member (and 
the organist) of La Fayette Post No. 140, Army and 
Navy Club of New York, and also a member of the New 
England Society of New York. 

On September 10, 1866, he was married at Brighton, 
Mass., to Ella Frances Collins, daughter of Abram W. 
and Sophronia Swift Collins. Their children were : Joseph 
Milton, born at Brighton, Mass., July 13, 1869, and died 



414 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

there November 14, 1869 ; Susan Caroline, born at 
Brighton, October 6,1870; Joseph Chandler, born at 
Brighton, August 5, 1872 ; Ella Angela, born at Los An 
geles, California, April 5, 1874, and Joseph Herbert, born 
at Brighton, November 15, 1875. 



CAPTAIN BRADLEY DEAN. 

Captain Dean was born in Keene, N. H., October 11, 
1840. When fifteen years of age, he came to Boston, 
and engaged in mercantile pursuits. In May, 1862, he 
offered himself for the war. He was first mustered as a 
private in the Fourth Battalion, Massachusetts Infantry. 
On July 31, he received from Governor Andrew a com 
mission as First Lieutenant of Company K, Thirty- 
third Massachusetts Volunteers. 

August i4th,his regiment left Massachusetts for Wash 
ington. 

August 24, he was stationed at Alexandria, Va. Later, 
the regiment was a part of the Eleventh Army Corps, 
In November, 1862, his company was transferred to the 
Forty-first Regiment. 

Lieutenant Dean left New York for New Orleans in 
December, 1862, on the " L. L. Sturgis." He arrived at 
Baton Rouge, and was thereafter an officer in the Forty- 
first, then at that place. He was with his regiment in 
the Teche campaign and at Port Hudson. On June 17, 
he was made Captain. Sept. 28, he was mustered as Cap 
tain at New Orleans, and assigned to Company L- 
During the Port Hudson campaign, Capt. Dean was 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 415 

wounded near Comite River. He went with the Third 
Cavalry on the Red River campaign, and was also with 
them under Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley. He 
was in the Battle of Opequon, at Fisher s Hill. At Cedar 
Creek he was again wounded. On December 27th, 
1864, he returned with his company to Boston, and was 
mustered out. 

Returning to private life, Capt. Dean took up his resi 
dence in Boston. In 1865, he returned to Chicago, and 
engaged in the blank book and printing business. He 
is a prominent member of the G.A.R., and was Presi 
dent of the Western Society of the Army of the Potomac 
in 1900. He is also a member of the Loyal Legion. 



CAPTAIN FRANK E. FROTHINGHAM. 

Captain Frothingham was born in Boston, Mass., 
January 22, 1838. His parents moved to Charlestown, 
Mass., within the year. 

His father was born under the shadow of Bunker Hill 
and his mother near Plymouth Rock. It was under 
their teachings, surrounded by the influences of those 
other " record days," in our country s early history, 
that in his mind was established that firm love of country 
that strict obedience to her every law, that respect 
and honor for the old flag, that readiness to action in 
her defence, which characterized him. 

Prior to the Civil War, he was a member of the Charles 
town City Guards, and Company H, Fifth Mass. State 
Militia; and in answer to President Lincoln s first call 
for troops, he answered " Yes, "April 17, 1861. 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

The regiment was in at the first battle of Bull Run, 
July 21, 1861. Early in 1862, he was commissioned 
Second Lieutenant of Company A, Thirty-third Massa 
chusetts Volunteer Infantry, and mustered into the 
United States service, before leaving the State. 

He was assigned to the Forty-first regiment, Com 
pany I. December 4, 1862, he was commissioned First 
Lieutenant of the Forty-first regiment. August 13, 1863, 
he was commissioned a Captain in the regiment, and was 
ever present for duty, and ever ready for service. The 
regimental record is his record. 



CAPTAIN LYMAN W. GOULD. 

Captain Gould was born in Newfane, Vermont, April 19, 
1829. In 1854 he came to Boston. Before the war, he 
was employed on the police force of Boston, from 1856 
to 1862. When the war broke out, he enlisted, and was 
detailed by Governor Andrew to recruit for the Massa 
chusetts regiments at that time going out of the State to 
the front. Subsequently he was commissioned Second 
Lieutenant, and afterward Captain, in the Forty-first 
Massachusetts Infantry. His commission was issued 
September isth, 1862. He commanded Company E; 
and when the regiment left Boston, he also went to New 
York; thence to Louisiana; was with the regiment at 
Baton Rouge, serving for some time on the Board of 
Court Martial, and as Assistant Provost Marshal. 

He was at Irish Bend, Opelousas, and Port Hudson- 
At Opelousas, hu was ordered by Banks to command a 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 417 

force of men who captured a considerable quantity of 
cotton from the enemy. During this service, he was 
wounded in his left side, from which he suffered for 
some time. 

At Port Hudson he performed gallant service with the 
Cavalry on the picket-line, and in other directions. After 
the surrender of Port Hudson, he resigned, and returned 
to Boston. Here he soon became an officer on the police 
force of the city, with the rank of Sergeant and Lieu 
tenant, many years. Captain Gould was also keeper of 
the City Prison, for some time, with rank of Captain of 
Police. He was an officer of large physique and com 
manding presence. His home was in East Boston, 
where he died, November 2oth. 1886, leaving a widow 
and two daughters. He was buried in Townsend, Mass. 



CAPTAIN WESLEY A. GOVE. 

Captain Gove was born in Boston, September 9, 1834, 
and attended the public schools of Boston, and Wil- 
braham Academy; was first employed by Aaron R. Gay, 
stationer; then entered the employ of his uncle, John 
Gove, in the clothing business. In 1858 he was admitted 
in the firm by his father under the name of Austin Gove 
and Son, wood and coal dealers, Central Square, East 
Boston. 

In 1862 he enlisted as private in Company E, Forty- 
first Massachusetts. Soon after, in 1862, he was pro 
moted to Lieutenant, and went to Baton Rouge, and par 
ticipated in the Teche campaign and the siege of Port 
2 G 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Hudson. Lieutenant Gove was wounded, and taken 
prisoner in the fall of 1863, and was confined many 
months in Southern prison-pens. He was liberated at 
or near the close of the war, and joined the regiment, 
then encamped at Falls Church, Va. 

Returning at the close of the war, he was elected to 
the Massachusetts House of Representatives, serving 
from 1869 to 1871 ; was elected State senator for 1885-6, 
and to the Board of Alderman for the city of Boston, in 
1890; was treasurer of the Rising Sun Street Lighting 
Company, that had the contract to light and furnish all 
the gas and naphtha lamps for the city of Boston, at the 
time of his death, March 13, 1901. 



CAPTAIN CHARLES E. GROVER. 

Charles Ellis Grover.was born August 24, 1820, in 
Gloucester, Mass. On April 19, 1861, he was appointed 
by Governor Andrew to raise a company of infantry, and 
was commissioned Captain of this company, April 25th, 
1861. Declining the invitation of Colonel George H. 
Gordon to join the second regiment, he accepted that of 
his friend, Colonel Fletcher Webster, and his company 
became Company A of the Twelfth or Webster Regi 
ment. Captain Grover was again successful in enlisting 
recruits, and his company later became part of the Thir 
tieth Regiment. 

In September, 1862, he enlisted as private in Com 
pany F, Forty-first Infantry (Third Cavalry). From that 
date he served throughout the war as private, sergeant 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 419 

sergeant-major, first and second lieutenant, captain. He 
was wounded at Port Hudson; seriously wounded on the 
Red River campaign, at the battle of Yellow Bayou 
(where his horse was killed under him), and dangerously 
at the battle of Opeqtion, or Winchester. He returned 
home on a twenty days leave of absence, but he re 
joined his regiment in March, 1865. He took part in 
the Grand Review at Washington, marched with the 
regiment over the Plains, and returned in charge of the 
muster rolls from Fort Leavenworth to Boston, to be 
finally mustered out in November, 1865. Captain Grov- 
er s promotions came unsought. He was frequently 
commended, and, after the battle of Winchester, was 
especially mentioned " for coolness and conspicuous gal 
lantry." 

Since his return to civil life Captain Grover has served 
his fellow-townsman in many positions of trust, his last 
public office being that of Postmaster of his native city. 
He was president of the Regimental Association, in 
1883. 



CAPTAIN JAMES W. HERVEY. 

Captain J. W. Hervey was born in New Bedford, 
Mass., February 2, 1838. He was educated in the schools 
of his native city. Passing through the grammar and 
high school, he fitted for college at the Friends Acad 
emy, and in 1856 entered Yale, where he remained until 
1860. Before he went to the war, he was employed in 
the Mechanics Bank, and was a member of the Home 
Guard during the first year of the war. 



4 2 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Enlisting as a private in Company A of the Forty-first 
Massachusetts Infantry Volunteers, August 23, 1862, he 
was mustered as First Lieutenant, August 31, 1862 ; 
commissioned Captain, February 8, 1863, and was honor 
ably discharged March 5, 1864, on surgeon s certificate of 
disability. Captain 1 ; Hervey was seriously injured while 
on picket in Louisiana. 

After the war, he held a position in the Mechanics 
National Bank, for many years. He is now agent for 
the Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Company 
of Milwaukee, Wis. 



CAPTAIN GEORGE H. ROWLAND. 

Captain Rowland came from New Bedford to camp at 
Lynnfield as First Sergeant of Company A. When 
Captain Vinal was promoted, Rowland became Second 
Lieutenant, and served well as a commissioned officer. 
He was afterward made First Lieutenant. At Port Hud 
son he was injured badly by a falling building. Septem 
ber 2nd, 1864, he was made Captain. He was in the battle 
of the Opequon, and was shot through the thigh. He left 
the regiment, returned home, and died from the wound a 
few months later. 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 421 



CAPTAIN CHAS. WM. CLAPP RHOADES. 

Captain Rhoades was born at Boston, Mass., March 31, 
1839. He was mustered into the United States service^ 
as a private in Company D, First Regiment, Massachu 
setts Volunteer Infantry, for three years, May 24, 1861 ; 
was on detached service in United States Signal Corps, 
Army of the Potomac, from 1861 to October, 1862; pro 
moted Second Lieutenant, Forty-First Massachusetts 
Volunteer Infantry, and commissioned Sept i6th, 1862; 
promoted First Lieutenant of the same regiment, com 
missioned October 7, 1862. 

On account of continuous service he was promoted 
Captain, Third Mass. Volunteer Cavalry, commissioned 
March 6th, 1864; was on staff of General Cuvier Grover 
commanding Second Division Nineteenth Army Corps, 
as Acting Engineer and Provost Marshal, from August, 
1863, to December, 1864, and was mustered out at Bos 
ton, December 6, 1864, on account of expiration of term 
of service of Third Company Unattached (Company M), 
Third Massachusetts Volunteer Cavalry, of which he was 
Captain. He was afterward commissioned as Second 
Lieutenant First Massachusetts Battalion Frontier Cav 
alry, December 27, 1864; was commissioned as Captain 
First Massachusetts Battalion Frontier Cavalry, Decem 
ber 30, 1864. Captain Rhoades was mustered out of 
United States service at the close of the war at Read- 
ville, Mass., June 30, 1865. 

He participated in the following engagements : 
He was in the Army of the Potomac ; at Blackburn s 
Ford, Va., July 18, 1861 ; First Bull Run, Va., July 21, 
1861. 



422 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

In the Peninsular campaign, he was at the Siege of York- 
town, Va., April and May, 1862 ; at Williamsburg, Va., 
May 5th, 1862; Fair Oaks, Va., May 31, 1862; Malvern Hill, 
Va., August 5, 1862 ; South Mountain, Md., September 14, 
1862 ; Antietam, Md., September 17, 1862. 

While with the igth Army Corps, Department of the 
Gulf, he was at Irish Bend, La., April i4th, 1863 ; Siege 
of Port Hudson, La., May to December, 1863. 

Captain Rhoades volunteered on the Forlorn Hope, 
Port Hudson, La. 

During the Valley Campaign, he was at Opequon, Va., 
September 19, 1864; Fisher s Hill, Va., September 22, 
1864; Winchester, Va., October 19, 1864. 

Captain Rhoades left Boston for Ogdensburg, N. Y., 
February 8, 1865, in command of Company B, First Bat 
talion, Frontier Cavalry, for guard duty on the frontier, and 
was in command of the Port at Ogdensburg, from March 
i8th to June 24, 1865, having under his command Com 
panies B, C and D, First Battalion Frontier Cavalry 
26th Regiment, New York Volunteer Cavalry. 

Captain Rhoades returned to Boston at the close of 
the war, and has for many years been identified with the 
Boston Custom House. In 1884 ne was elected president 
of the regimental Association. 



CAPTAIN CHARLES B. STODDARD. 

Captain Stoddard was the first Quartermaster of the 
regiment. He was born in Plymouth, Mass, January 4, 
1842 ; educated in the public schools of his native 
town ; afterward at Concord, Mass, then became a student 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 423 

in Exeter Academy, where he fitted for college. Grad 
uating in the class of 1862, from Harvard, he had as 
class-mate and room-mate, Dr. G. G. Tarbell, who after- 
terward became one of the regimental surgeons. 

Captain Stoddard offered his services to his country 
early in the war, and served for a time in the Quarter 
master s department, at Lynnfield, Mass. 

When the Fprty-first regiment was organized, he was 
commissioned First Lieutenant and Quartermaster; was 
made Captain, August 18, 1863, soon after the surrender 
of Port Hudson, and assigned to Company A ; served on 
the staff of General Molineux in Virginia, as Acting 
Assistant Quartermaster of Second Brigeide, Second 
Division, Nineteenth Corps, and, later, was commis 
sioned as Captain and Assistant Quartermaster of Vol 
unteers, May 20, 1865. 

After the war, Captain Stoddard returned to Plymouth, 
where he engaged in manufacture, and he was treasurer 
of the company. Since 1891, he has been identified with 
the Plymouth National Bank, both as cashier and as 
president, which latter office he holds at the present 
time. 



CAPTAIN NATHAN G. SMITH. 

Captain Nathan G. Smith was born at Roxbury, 
Mass., March 30, 1840. He was educated in the public 
and Roxbury Latin schools. Before the war, he was en 
gaged in the ice business. 

When the Roxbury company was raised, in the sum 
mer of 1862, he became a member, in the twenty-second 



424 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

year of his age, and Captain Swift selected him as First 
Sergeant of the company. He served as such in the 
Teche Campaign and during the siege of Port Hudson. 
When General Banks called for volunteers to storm the 
earthworks, Sergeant Smith was one of the first to vol 
unteer to join the Forlorn Hope. 

After the siege of Port Hudson, he was discharged 
from the regiment, for promotion, because of gallant and 
meritorious conduct. On December 2gth he was com 
missioned Captain in the Seventy-fifth Regiment United 
States Colored Troops. He served during the Red 
River campaign. 

After Red River, Captain Smith was quite actively en- 
ployed : first as Provost Marshal at Milliken s Bend, 
above Vicksburg. From there was sent to relieve an 
Illinois regiment at Bayou Bceuf on the railroad between 
New Orleans and Berwick Bay. He served for some 
time on Court Martial at Thibodeau. From there he was 
sent to Little Washington with an expedition to receive 
the surrender of Kirby Smith s army ; acting as Post 
Quartermaster and Commissary to furnish rations to the 
troops stationed there, and also to ration and transport 
home the Confederates after their parole. In the fall of 
that year he was relieved, and ordered back to the regi 
ment to muster out his company. He was mustered out, 
November 25th, 1865. After the war, he was in business 
in Boston until 1894, when he retired on account of ill- 
health. He was for a few years longer on the board of 
directors of the Boston Ice Co. and on the executive com 
mittee, resigning about two years ago. 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 425 



ADJUTANT HENRY S. ADAMS. 

Lieutenant H. S. Adams was, prior to the war, en 
gaged in business in western Massachusetts. When he 
was appointed Adjutant of the Forty-first Regiment 
he hailed from Chicopee, Mass. He was characterized 
by great firmness of character and was liked generally 
by the officers and men. He followed the regiment to 
the seat of war; was in the Teche campaign, and at Port 
Hudson, until after the surrender, when he resigned and 
returned home. For several years after thevv ar he was 
in business in Holyoke, where he was connected with the 
Holyoke Water Power Company. Afterward he man 
aged his own paper mill at Holyoke for some years. 
Then he removed to New York, where he was connected 
with a wholesale paper house. He went South in 1883, 
for rest and recuperation. He passed away at Asheville, 
N. C., in 1883. While South, he made many warm 
friends among Confederate soldiers, with whom he talked 
over the scenes and experiences of the Civil War. 

Lieutenant Adams was greatly beloved by those who 
knew him in civil life. Hewas an inspiration to many. 
His sick room was a place people loved to visit. If they 
came with burdens, he lightened them. He was always 
reaching out to help someone else. He left a widow, 
one son and a daughter. 



2 H 



426 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 



LIEUTENANT P. S. CURRY. 

Lieutenant Curry was born in Ireland in 1832. His 
parents arrived in Massachusetts in 1833. He is a product 
of the public schools of Lowell, Mass. Enlisting in 1862, 
he served loyally three years in the war of the Rebellion, 
and was promoted for meritorious conduct. He came 
to Lynn in 1869. He has been a member of Post 5, 
G.A.R., since 1870. 

He was Orderly Sergeant of Company G, Third 
Massachusetts Cavalry, and commanded Companies G 
and C, of that regiment. He took > part in all the cam 
paigns in the Gulf under General Banks, and in the 
Shenandoah Valley under General Sheridan. At Baton 
Rouge, he served on the Provost Guard of that city, and 
was a member of the Forlorn Hope, at Port Hudson. 

Returning to private life, he represented the tenth 
district in the Massachusetts House of Representatives 
in 1884 and 1885. The Weekly Payment Bill, the Ten 
Hour Bill, the Free Text Book Bill, and many other 
measures that came before the House, in 1884-85, he 
introduced or supported. In 1885, he was the House 
chairman of the Committeeon Military Affairs. 

He was the first of Lynn s citizens to give his time and 
labor to the movement to open Lynn Harbor after it had 
closed for fourteen years. He superintended the erection 
of the Lynn Post-office, her first public building. He 
has been the secretary of the Master Builders Associa 
tion, for the last eight years of its existence. After the 
great fire in Lynn in 1879, the firm of Blethen, Curry, and 
Co. assisted in the erection of eighteen factories in the 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 427 

next two years, and are now the largest granite and 
freestone contractors outside of Boston. For years 
they have furnished the granite for the electric light 
buildings at Lynn, Chelsea, East Boston, and thoughout 
that vicinity. He has been twice nominated for the 
Senate of Massachusetts, in the first Essex district. He 
was president of the Regimental Association one year 



LIEUTENANT REED B. GRANGER. 

Lieutenant Granger enlisted early in the Civil War. 
He became a member of the Ninth Massachusetts in 1861. 
After nearly a year s service as hospital steward in that 
organization, was discharged on February 18, 1862. In 
June of that year he entered the service of the Sanitary 
Commission. 

On November i, 1862, he enlisted as a private in Com 
pany G, Forty-first Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer 
Infantry. On the day following his enlistment, Novem 
ber 2, he was promoted to the grade of Fourth Sergeant, 
and on the arrival of the regiment at Union Race Course, 
Long Island, was made Brigade Orderly. On the arrival 
of the regiment at Baton Rouge, he was appointed Chief 
Clerk to the Provost Marshal. During the Teche cam 
paign he was detailed at New Iberia, La., as Clerk to the 
Provost Marshal, April 16, 1863, and was relieved on 
May 28, 1863, and ordered to rejoin the regiment at Port 
Hudson. 

He was commissioned Second Lieutenant in 1863, 
and assigned as such to Company G. In August, he was 



428 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

ordered on recruiting service in Massachusetts. Arriv 
ing at New Orleans early in December, he was assigned 
to the command of a squadron of cavalry in the School 
of Instruction, at the Cavalry Depot, Department of the 
Gulf, located in New Orleans. Rejoining the regiment, 
then quartered with the Fourth Cavalry Brigade under the 
command of General Dudley, he was appointed, on Janu 
ary 23rd, Brigade Ordnance Officer ; in which capacity 
he served during the Red River campaign. In the 
several battles that the brigade took part in during that 
campaign, he acted as an A.D.C. to the Brigade Com 
mander. 

On March 6, 1864, ne was commissioned as First 
Lieutenant, and assigned to Company H. Shortly after 
his promotion he was appointed Assistant Provost 
Marshal of the Defences of New Orleans. He was ap 
pointed as personal A.D.C. on the Staff of Major Gen 
eral Gordon Granger, then engaged in the campaign 
before Mobile. On March 22nd he was appointed Assist 
ant Provost Marshal General of the Middle Military 
Division, on the staff of Major-General W. S. Hancock, 
and in the following month was transferred to the staff 
of Major-General A. T. Torbert, when that officer suc 
ceeded General Hancock in the command of that De 
partment. After the surrender of Lee, Lieutenant Gran 
ger was engaged paroling portions of the Confederate 
army. Among the commands so paroled were Mosby s 
and White s guerillas ; that is, those of the guerillas 
who came within our lines and surrendered. 

He resigned May 27, 1865, and returned to Boston to 
resume his medical studies which had been so long inter 
rupted, and graduated as an M.D. from Harvard Medical 
School in July, 1866. 

Lieutenant Granger was made president of the Third 
Cavalry Veteran Association in 1890. 




r 




BIOGRAPHICAL. 429 



LIEUTENANT GRAFTON FENNO. 

Lieutenant Fenno was the son of John Woodbridge 
and Anne F. (Grafton) Fenno. He was born in Salem 
Mass., February 5, 1827, and early in life was sent to 
Paris to be educated, Edward Everett being his guard 
ian. He served for a time in Boston as clerk with E. F. 
Newhall & Co., and as assistant at the Merchants Ex 
change Reading Room. In 1849, he sailed for San 
Francisco, and during his stay there, was for two 
years, a deputy sheriff. Afterward, when in Chicago, he 
helped organize the original Ellsworth Zouaves, and at 
the breaking out of the war, being then in New York, 
with the Continental Insurance Company, he promptly 
enlisted, serving through the struggle, and earning the 
rank of Brevet First Lieutenant in the Third Massa 
chusetts Cavalry in Louisiana and Virginia. 

After the war, he was in business in Boston and New 
York, and was for many years a member of Charles 
Russell Lowell Post, No. 7, G. A. R. It was Lieutenant 
Fenno who designed the monument now standing in the 
Post s lot at Mount Hope Cemetery, Boston, Mass., and 
it was at his suggestion that the visiting Fifth Maryland 
Regiment, in 1875, was presented on Boston Common, 
with an American flag the first public overture of the 
Blue to the Gray. In 1868 Lieutenant Fenno married 
Miss Eliza A. Brooks, of Milford, N. H., who survives him. 
Lieutenant Fenno was connected with several military 
organizations. He was in the first battle of Bull Run, 
with the Seventy-first Regiment, N. G. State of New 
York. He was also a member of the i65th Regiment of 



43 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

New York Volunteers, known as the Second Battalion, 
Duryeas Zouaves. He was a lineal descendant of Gov 
ernor Thomas Dudley, who was four times Colonial 
Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony. Lieutenant 
Fenno was room-mate of Colonel E. E. Ellsworth in 
Chicago, before the war. 

He served the Regimental Association as secretary 
from 1873 to 1877. He died in Westboro on the 29th 
of July, 1888, and, at his request, was buried at Mount 
Hope Cemetery, under the shadow of the monument he 
designed in Post 7, G.A.R. lot. 



LIEUTENANT HENRY D. POPE. 

Lieutenant Henry D. Pope was born in Clinton, Ga., 
February 10, 1836, and removed with his parents to Fair- 
haven, Mass., in 1840. He was educated in the public 
schools of Fair-haven and New Bedford, graduating in 1853 
from the Fairhaven High School. He engaged in busi 
ness in Boston from 1855 to 1861, and enlisted in Read s 
Mounted Rifle Rangers, September 23, 1861 ; was mus 
tered in as Company Quartermaster-Sergeant, Nov 
ember 15, 1861 ; promoted to Orderly Sergeant, Sep 
tember i, 1862; promoted, by order of Major-General B. 
F. Butler to Acting Senior Second Lieutenant, October 
29, 1862; commissioned Second Lieutenant January ist, 
1863; First Lieutenant, June 3, 1863, and was mustered 
out, November 26, 1864. 

He was married February 3rd, 1864, to Caroline H. 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 43! 

Dexter, of Fairhaven, Mass., at New Orleans, La. Lieu 
tenant Pope s father, mother, and wife were all de 
scended from Plymouth stock. In 1866 he became book 
keeper for Rice, Kendall, & Co., and was afterwards 
financial man. When the Rice, Kendall Company was 
incorporated, he became treasurer, and when it was sold 
out in 1898, he retired out of health. 

In the Shenandoah Valley he served on the staff of 
General Molineux, and wrote out the reports of the oper 
ations and engagements of the brigade. He was in 
three big battles, and always bore himself bravely. He 
was president of the Regimental Association in 1896. 



LIEUTENANT EDWARD W. PIERCE. 

Lieutenant Pierce was one of the youngest officers of 
the regiment. On account of gallantry and meritorious 
conduct, he rose from the ranks and was commissioned to 
command. Before the war he was a mechanic in Boston. 
At 21, he responded to his country s call, entered the 
regiment and was. made Sergeant June 4th, 1862. He 
became Sergeant-Major in 1864. He was commissioned 
2nd Lieutenant, August 7, 1864, and for a time served 
the regiment as acting Adjutant. At one time he com 
manded Company H and at another Company G. He 
was discharged June 12, 1865. For some time, he has 
resided in the West, where he is an honored member 
and director of the Board of Trade of La Junta, Col. 



43 2 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 



REV. RALPH A. ROWLEY. 

Lieutenant Rowley enlisted in Magee s Company in 
1861, being then 18 years of age. He went out with 
General Butler to Louisiana, and was in the battle of 
Baton Rouge. He received honorable mention in 
General Orders. Department of the Gulf, for gallant con 
duct in that engagement, August 5, 1862. He was com 
missioned ist Lieutenant at 20 years of age. He served 
continuously four years and five months, and was dis 
charged by reason of expiration of war. 

Returning to civil life, he prepared for the ministry 
and has been very useful in his chosen calling. He is at 
present Superintendent of Sunday school work (Congre 
gational) for the State of Oregon, with headquarters at 
Portland. Rev. Mr. Rowley is Chaplain of Ben Butler 
Post, G.A.R., Department of Oregon. 



LIEUTENANT RICHARD M. SANBORN. 

Lieutenant Sanborn was born in Northfield, N. H., 
December 29, 1835, and removed to Braintree, Mass., 
when 14 years of age. He enlisted in his country s ser 
vice, January 3oth, 1864, to serve for three years. He 
participated in the Red River campaign, March to May 20, 
1864; in the battles of Winchester, Va., September 19, 
1864; Fisher s Hill, Va., September 22, 1864; and 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 433 

Cedar Creek, Va., October 19, 1884. He was honorably 
discharged, September 26, 1865. 

Lieutenant Sanborn made a good record while with 
the regiment, and won for himself an honorable place in 
the esteem of all who knew him, as one of the great com 
pany who defended the honor of the flag in the hour of 
his country s need. 



LIEUTENANT JOHN H. WESTON. 

Lieutenant Weston was born in Salem, Mass, and 
he first enlisted in December, 1861, Company B, Second 
Massachusetts Volunteer Militia for three months. He 
was sworn in the service, and camped on Boston Com 
mon for a week. The United States Government hav 
ing decided not to accept any additional " three months 
men," he went no farther at that time. He was made a 
Sergeant, and ordered to recruit men for nine months 
service. He raised a full company, which was assigned 
to the Forty-seventh Regiment under the captaincy of 
Henry Townsend. 

After this he awaited orders. Not receiving any, nor 
any pay, he was offered the position of First Sergeant 
Company E, Forty-first Massachusetts Infantry. He 
was elected Second Lieutenant, and served as such until 
ordered by the regimental surgeon to hand in his resig 
nation, having received injuries since being mounted, 
that unfitted him for further service. He was discharged 
August 15, 1863, at Port Hudson. Lieutenant Weston 
was a member of the Boston Fire Department thirty 
years twenty-one years of which he served as Captain 
and retired in 1893. He is a past commander of Joseph 
Hooker Post 33, G.A.R., and also was one the charter 
members. 



434 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 



SERGEANT BURRAGE. 

Sergeant Thomas Fairbanks Burrage was born in 
Fitchburg, Mass., July 4, 1834, son of Jonathan and Mary 
Thurston Burrage. His father was subsequently en 
gaged in the manufacture of varnish at Cambridge and 
afterwards at Roxbury, and in 1854 he succeeded to his 
father s business, his father having died Julys, 1854. On 
the outbreak of the Civil War, he was deeply interested 
in the issues involved, and as successive calls came for 
troops, only the consideration of his family held him back 
from offering his services; and even these ties he felt 
compelled to sever in order to discharge what he felt to 
be the high calls of duty in the great crisis in thenation s 
history. He accordingly enlisted as a private, August 13^ 
1862, in a company commanded by a strong personal 
friend, Captain John L. Swift. He was soon appointed 
Sergeant. 

While in camp at Baton Rouge, he was taken ill with 
chronic diarrhoea, and was ordered to the hospital. 
Before he had recovered, impatient to be with the regi 
ment which was to have a part in a forward movement, 
Sergeant Burrage returned to his regiment, but in a 
short time was again carried to the hospital. Medical 
aid was now unavailing, and after sending messages of 
affectionate remembrance to the loved ones at home, he 
died April 29, 1863. 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 435 



SERGEANT WILLIAM E. PECK. 

Sergeant William E. Peck was born in Taunton, Sep 
tember 21, 1841, and attended school three months in a 
year. At the age of nine, he went to work in a cotton 
mill, and at fourteen, went to sea, mostly in the Southern 
coast trade. When Fort Sumter was fired upon, he 
was on the Waccaman River, South Carolina. He 
then sailed for Wilmington, North Carolina ; from there 
he came home. He enlisted on his arrival in Taunton, 
May 20, 1 86 1, in the United States Navy, and was 
assigned to the receiving ship " Ohio," then lying at the 
Charlestown Navy Yard. He was drafted, in a few days, 
on the gunboat, Massachusetts, and sailed for Key West; 
thence for Ship Island. 

He was engaged in the taking of Fort Twiggs; sunk 
the Confederate ram " Florida," and was in several other 
engagements. In March, 1862, on the ship being ordered to 
Brooklyn Navy Yard, he was discharged as Master-at- 
Arms, having been promoted three times in one year. 
Sergeant Peck enlisted in the Forty-first Massachu 
setts Infantry. In 1862 he was promoted to Sergeant, 
Company F, and was with the regiment in every engage 
ment. When the Nineteenth Corps was ordered to 
Washington he was detailed to take charge of all horses 
that belonged to the officers on shipboard, and with 
the loss of only one, off Hatteras, landed them safety 
at Washington. He was also put in charge of an am 
munition train at Tenallytown, D. C, and delivered it 
safely to the Army, passing over the Blue Ridge, Snicker s 
Gap, and crossing the Shenandoah River. Since the war, 
he has engaged in various pursuits as bread winner, but 



43^ THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

for the last thirty years has been a member of the Taun- 
ton police, and a Humane officer, in connection with the 
S. F. T. P. C. A. 



SERGEANT R. T. WATTS. 

Sergeant Ruggles Torry Watts, was born in Freedom, 
Me., February i, 1839. He came to Massachusetts in 
1856, and settled in North Reading. He was married in 
June 1863, and in July of the same year enlisted in the 
33rd Regiment, Captain Bunker s Company, and went 
into camp at Lynnfield, near his home. He was made 
Corporal and afterwards Sergeant of company I. He 
was with the Third Cavalry in Louisiana, and was killed 
at the battle of Sabine Cross Roads, April 8, 1864. 

After his enlistment he was offered substantial induce 
ments if he would desert and go to Canada. In the 
spirit of a patriot Watts replied that there wasn t money 
enough in the State to make him even think of such a 
thing. He died as he had lived, true to his country and 
the flag. 



CORPORAL J. CUSHING THOMAS. 

Corporal Thomas enlisted in Roxbury at the age of 27. 
He joined Captain Swift s company and was made Cor 
poral of Company C,Forty-first MassachusettsVolunteers, 
Before the war he was a carriage dealer. He went with 
the regiment to New Orleans, but the climate of 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 437 

Louisiana, did not agree with him, and he fell sick. He 
was finally discharged January 18, 1863. Since the war 
he has been in business in Boston. In 1887 when the 
Association met in Lynn, he was elected president. He 
died August 4th, 1903. 



CORPORAL THOMAS HARLOW. 

Corporal Harlow of Company C, was born December 
2ist, 1842, on Atkinson(now Congress) street, Boston, and 
was left, without father and mother when but ten years 
old. When the war broke out, he was learning the photo 
graph business. 

In 1861, Mr. Hill, who was with the Chickering Piano 
Company offered him $300 to go into the army for him 
as a substitute. Harlow declined. No man could hire 
him to fight for his country. In 1862, he enlisted in 
Roxbury, in the Forty-first regiment, Company C. He 
was a total stranger to every member in the company. 
As a member of the Third Massachusetts Cavalry from 
the date of the enlistment until he was discharged at 
Falls Church, Va., he never was reported on the sick list. 
He was taken prisoner May ist, 1864, at Pineyville La., 
and confined at Tyler, Texas. 



JOHN A. BATES. 

. He was born in Fairhaven, Mass., November 18, 1839. 
Enlisted at New Bedford, Mass., August 20, 1862. in 
Company A, Forty-first Massachusetts Infantry (later 3rd 
Mass. Cavalry), for three years or during the war. 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

On detached service in Subsistence Department, 
December 1862 to January 1865. All field service. Regi 
mental Commissary Sergeant (N.C.S.) February 9, 1865. 
He was discharged at Falls Church, Va., May igth, 1865, 
close of the war, and consequent expiration of term of 
service. 

Since the war, he was in West Virginia about two years, 
inthe oil business. Afterwards was successively secretary, 
assistant treasurer and treasurer of the Gosnold Mills 
(iron rolling) of New Bedford, closing its affairs in 1890. 
Since 1891, he has been head-bookkeeper and paymaster 
for J. C. Rhodes & Co., New Bedford, manufacturers of 
shoe eyelets, the present style being J. C. Rhodes & Co., 
incorporated, the old firm having in 1901, sold out to the 
United Shoe Machinery Co., of Boston, of which it is 
now a branch. 



GEORGE WALLACE BURKE. 

George W. Burke was born in Nashua, N. H., Decem 
ber 12, 1842. In 1861, he volunteered as a private in the 
First New Hampshire Infantry commanded by Colonel 
Mason W. Tappan. He was honorably discharged 
August 9, 1861. In September 3oth following, he again 
enlisted as a soldier in Read s Company, Unattached 
Cavalry, and went to New Orleans with his Battalion. 
He was discharged by reason of disability, at New 
Orleans, June 28th, 1682. 

Since the war he has been twenty-four years in busi 
ness as a harness maker in Chelsea and Boston. A"t 
present he is engaged in the real estate and insurance 
business in Melrose Highlands. 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 439 



REV. JAMES K. EWER. 

Rev. James K. Ewer, the author of this work, was born 
in Hyannis, Mass., April 18, 1846. He was educated in 
the public schools of his native town, and in Boston. 
At the age of sixteen, he enlisted for three years, or 
the war, and joined Captain John L. Swift s Roxbury 
Company, Company C, and was wounded May ist, i864, 
at Pineyville, La. He was mustered out at Washington, 
D. C. in July 1865. 

After the war he prepared himself for the ministry. 
He graduated from Colby Academy, N. H., in 1871, and 
from Newton Theological Seminary in 1874. Was set 
tled eleven years in Reading, Mass., as pastor of Baptist 
church; was nine years in Concord, N. H., as pastor of 
Pleasant Street Baptist Church. While in New Hamp 
shire he served four years as chaplain of E. E. Sturte- 
vant Post G.A.R., and six years as Department Chaplain. 
He was also chaplain of the New Hampshire Legislature 
two years, and of the New Hampshire National Guards 
five years. 

He was for ten years on the Board of Trustees of 
Colby Academy, and also of the New Hampshire State 
Convention. In 1894 he went to Providence, R. I., and 
became pastor of the Union Baptist Church, remaining 
eight years. 

He settled, May ist, 1902, in Maiden, Mass., where he 
now resides. 



44 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 



IRVING W. CAMPBELL. 

He was born in Watertown, Mass., November i6th, 
1846, attended the schools in that town for some time, 
when he went to work on a farm in Leominster. He 
was in Leominster when war commenced, but soon after 
removed to Boston. He enlisted at East Boston in 
Company E, Third Massachusetts Cavalry, January ist, 
1864, for three years, and went on the ship "Ashland " to 
New Orleans. He was taken with fever, and sent to the 
the St. Louis hospital. He recovered, and was dis 
charged in one week. The regiment had started on the 
campaign up the Mississisppi river, so he was sent to 
Fassman s Cotton Press in New Orleans to stay. He 
joined the regiment at Morganza Bend, and was in all 
engagements with it in the Valley campaign under 
Sheridan ; was wounded at the Battle of Winchester, 
September 19, 1864. He was in the review of troops, at 
Washington, D. C., and was later detailed on wagon 
train at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and was discharged 
at Galloupe s Island, Boston Harbor, October 8th, 1865. 
After the war he learned the business and worked at 
house painting. He joined Hose Company No. 6, Boston 
fire department, June ist, 1869. He was a member of 
this company twenty-two years, and resigned to take 
position of officer of the Superior Criminal Court, Suffolk 
County, Massachusetts, He was Commander of Joseph 
Hooker Post 23 Department Massachusetts G.A.R. at 
the Washington Encampment of 1890. . At present he 
is an officer of the Superior Criminal Court, Boston, 
Mass. 



MILAN A. ft, 
HARRIS m 




BIOGRAPHICAL. 44! 



PORTER COLBY. 

Private Colby came of good stock, and was born in 
Sandown, N. H., July 3ist, 1845. He enlisted in Boston, 
Mass, March lyth, 1864, Company B, Third Cavalry, 
and joined the regiment at Morganza, La., June 12. 
He was with the regiment every day up to the battle 
of Cedar Cedar, October 19, 1864, and was taken pris 
oner there, and spent some months in Southern prison 
pens, and was discharged at the close of war. 



CORPORAL WM. GALLAGHER. 

Comrade Gallagher was born in Londonderry, Ireland, 
but came to Boston when only nine months old. 

In early life he became an apprentice to a man engaged 
in the plastering and stucco business. Enlisted in the 
Union Guards, First Massachusetts Infantry, early in the 
Civil War and afterward in the Navy, but in both cases 
he was not allowed to go by his employer. In 1864, he 
volunteered to go into the Third Massachusetts Cavalry, 
then in Louisiana. 

Comrade Gallagher was soon after promoted to 
Corporal. He saw service in Louisiana, and participated 
in the battles of the Opequon, Fisher s Hill and Cedar 
Creek. In the latter engagement he was slightly wound 
ed in the right wrist. He went West with the regiment, 
and was discharged at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, Sep 
tember 28, 1865. 
2 K 



44 2 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

Corporal Gallagher is a member of the G. A. R. and 
has served the order in many offices. He served as a 
member of the police force of Cambridge for six years 
and three years as secretary under Chief Wade of the 
State Police. He was also Financial Keeper of Records 
of the Order of the Golden Cross. Comrade Gallagher 
was elected president of the Third Cavalry Association 
in 1891. 



RUSSELL W. GIFFORD. 

Russell W. Gifford was born in Tuckerton, New Jer 
sey, September 18, 1840. He enlisted the i2th of July, 
1862, as private in Company A, Thirty-third Regiment 
Massachusetts Volunteers. He came from Wellfleet, 
Mass. He was transferred to the Forty-first Massachu 
setts Infantry, the company being known as Company I. 
He was discharged the 2Oth of May, 1865, at Falls Church, 
Va., by reason of the close of the war. He was engaged 
in three battles viz.: the battle of Sabine Cross Roads, 
April 8, 1864, when he was wounded in the right side of 
the neck by a minie-ball. Was at the battle of Opequon 
Creek, Va., and was again wounded at the battle of 
Cedar Creek, Va., October 19, 1864, in the left forearm 
by a minie-ball. Was in the floating hospital, U.S. Bar 
racks at Baton Rouge, with sickness at St. James hotel, 
New Orleans, with wound No. i. Was at Chestnut Hill 
with wound No. 2. 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 443 



MILAN A. HARRIS. 

Milan A. Harris was born in Leominster, Mass., Sep 
tember 6th, 1844. Enlisted November 6th, 1861, at 
Lowell, in Camp Chase, in Captain Perkins Company 
Cavalry. He left Camp Chase in January, 1862. He was 
at the surrender of Fort Jackson, and Fort Philip, about 
the 2oth of April, 1862, and reached New Orleans the 
next evening. 

After the battle of Baton Rouge, was sent home sick. 
After regaining his health he re-enlisted in Company M 
of the Third Massachusetts Cavalry; went up the Red 
River under General Banks; at the battle of Winchester, 
the iQth of September, 1864; battle of Fisher Hill, 22nd 
day of September; Cedar Creek igth October. 

He was afterwards transferred to Company D; pro 
moted to Corporal of Company D ; ordered to Fort Leav 
en worth, Kansas ; was mustered out of the United States 
service, the 23rd of September, 1865, and, on the 8th day 
of October, was discharged. 



FRANCIS T. HOLDER. 

Francis T. Holder was born in Lancaster, Massachu 
setts, August 18, 1833. He entered the Third Massa 
chusetts Cavalry, January 5, 1864, and sailed on the 
"Ashland " from Long Island, Boston Harbor, for New 
Orleans. Arriving at New Orleans, he joined the regi 
ment, February 6th, 1864, and served on the Red River 
campaign. With the regiment he took part in the suc 
cessful engagement at Henderson s Hill. His soldierly 



444 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

qualities attracted attention, and he was frequently de 
tailed upon duty demanding special ability. At Alexan 
dria, sickness obliged him to go into the hospital, from 
which he was invalided home in June. He rejoined the 
regiment the following March at Pleasant Valley, Mary 
land, near Harper s Ferry, Virginia, and, during the 
movement west, was made First Sergeant. He was dis 
charged August I Oth, 1865, by the expiration of his term 
of service. 

Sergeant Holder, like many of his patriotic comrades, 
resigned, for military duty, an important position ; from 
which, since the war, he has advanced to one of great 
influence, as head of one of the large manufacturing 
interests of the country. Though his home is far distant 
from the scene of the annual reunions of his old compan 
ions in arms, they have received innumerable proofs of 
his continued deep interest in the regiment, and remem 
ber with gratitude his many bounties. 

In 1899, at Berkeley Hall, he was made president of 
the Regimental Association, and was re-elected in 1900. 



WILLIAM H. JAQUISH. 

W. H. Jaquish was born in the town of Cornwall, now 
Highlands, Orange County, N. Y. Jan. 30, 1839. Enlist 
ing in Company A, Aug., 1862, he joined the regiment 
at Lynnfield, and went to Baton Rouge, La. 

Comrade Jaquish served during the siege of Port Hud 
son with credit to himself, and came out of the struggle 
with honor. He justly says: "That part of my life 
which I look back upon with the greatest pride and satis, 
faction are those years of 6i- 6s, when I rode knee 



r 




\VM. L. KLLLEV, Co. A. 



I. II. COOK, Co. A, 





C. T. EMERY. Co. B. 



CHARLES S. THAVER, Co. K, 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 445 

to knee with the sons of the Pilgrims and the Puritans, 
with carbine and sabre, in the grand old Third Mass. 
Cavalry. 



WILLIAM KNIGHT. 

Comrade Knight was born in Rome, Me., Jan. 3rd, 
1823. He was educated in the village schools, and for a 
number of years was a schoolmaster in his native village. 
When quite young he came to Boston, and married 
Miss Mary Lowell of that city, He was an active mem 
ber of the Boston Militia, and possessed the spirit of a 
soidier. Comrade Knight was 42 years old when he en 
listed for three years, or the war. Aug. 19, 1862, he went 
into camp at Lynnfield as a private in Co. D, Forty-first 
Regiment Mass. Volunteers. While in New York he 
was offered a commission if he would leave the Forty- 
first and serve in a New York regiment. This he refused. 
At Baton Rouge, he was detailed as a civil engineer, and 
surveyed that town, and its surroundings, elevations and 
distances, from the Ironclad " Essex," then lying in the 
river. He went on the Teche campaign, and helped to 
destroy the Salt Works at Avery s Island. At Port Hud 
son he was detailed as Ordnance Clerk. 

While the Third Cavalry was at New Orleans, Com 
rade Knight was requested by Gen.Ullman to serve as an 
officer in the Corp d Afrique, which, however, was anulled 
by the Colonel ; giving as a reason that Knight was a very 
useful man in the regiment, and could not be spared. 
Comrade Knight lived to be 76, and died at Hotel West 
minster, Roxbury, surrounded by his family and friends. 



446 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 



HON. HENRY B. LOVERING. 

Henry B. Lovering was born in Portsmouth, N. H., 
April 8, 1841. On his father s side, he is fourteen genera, 
tions removed from John Rogers, of London, who was 
burned at the stake at Smithfield, England. 

He was living in Lynn, Mass., when the war broke out, 
and enlisted as a Corporal in Company D, Eighth Mass. 
Volunteers, in 1862, being discharged at expiration of 
term of service. He re-enlisted as a private into the 
Third Mass. Cavalry and was assigned to Company C. 
Was wounded in action at Winchester, Va., Sept. iQth, 
1864, resulting in amputation of the left leg below the 
knee. He was discharged June 10, 1865, and returning 
to his home in Lynn, he took up his old trade of shoe- 
making, and, for diversion, interested himself in politics, 
being elected Clerk of Ward Three in 1869 and 1870. 
He was then elected a representative to the Massachu 
setts Legislature, serving two terms, 1872-74. 

He was elected to the Board of General Assessors of 
Lynn for three years, serving in that capacity two years, 
1879-80, when he was elected Mayor of Lynn, which posi 
tion he filled two years, 1881-82. He was twice elected a 
member of Congress from the old Essex Sixth Congres 
sional District, and served in the Forty-eighth and Forty- 
ninth Congresses. Was chairman of the Democratic 
State Convention in 1886, and the Democratic Nominee 
for Governor of Massachusetts in 1887. Was appointed 
by President Cleveland as United States Marshal, Dis 
trict of Massachusetts, in 1888, resigned the same in 1891, 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 447 

at the request of the late Governor Russell, who ap 
pointed him Warden of the State Prison, where he re 
mained 1891-93, when he also resigned this position, and 
was appointed United States Pension Agent, at Boston, 
1894-98, during which period he disbursed nearly thirty 
million dollars to his disabled comrades without the dis 
allowance of even a single cent by the Treasury Depart 
ment for the entire four years, when his accounts were 
balanced and closed. In 1888 he was elected president 
of the Association. 



CORP. JOHN McNAUGHT. 

John McNaught was born in Eastport, Me., 1844, 
moved to East Boston in 1852; attended the Adams 
Grammar School ; and enlisted a private in Company E, 
Forty-first Massachusetts Infantry, July, 1862. He was 
promoted to Corporal, shortly after his enlistment. Dis 
charged at Falls Church, Va., May 20, 1865, at the end of 
the war. He is by profession a veterinary surgeon. 
Joined Joseph Hooker Post 23, G.A.R., in 1868, and 
is also a member of the Winthrop War Veteran Asso 
ciation. 



WILLIAM M. PECKHAM. 

He enlisted October 22, 1863, in Barre, Mass., and was 
sworn into the service in Boston. He left the State on 
Thanksgiving day, 1863, on the steamer " De Molay " for 
New Orleans, where he joined Company I, when the 



44-8 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

regiment came down from Port Hudson in the early 
winter of 1864. He was shot through the right thigh at 
Yellow Bayou, La., on May 18, 1864, and carried to the 
hospital. Transferred from the University Hospital to 
Readville Hospital in July of that year, and was dis 
charged from the service on account of the wound, March 
3Oth, 1865. Comrade Peckham has been Overseer of 
the Poor of the City of Pawtucket, R. I., for the last fif 
teen years, which is a long term of continuous service. 
He is a Past Commander of Tower Post, No. 17, Paw- 
tucket, Department of R. I., G.A.R. 



JOHN E. RIDLEY. 

John F. Ridley was born in Berlin, Worcester county, 
Mass, March 3oth, 1840. He lived there a few years ; 
then moving to Canton, Mass, where he stayed a short 
time, thence to Lynn, Mass, living there until 1843, from 
thence to Andover, Mass., where he entered the dry 
goods store of Ira, Truell & Co., of Lawrence in the 
fall of 1859. Staying there until the fall, 1860, and then 
entering the employ of W. A. Balcom. 

Enlisted August 9th, 1862, in Company B, Forty-first 
Massachusetts Infantry, under Captain L. D. Sergeant 
afterwards Major and Colonel of the Third Massachu 
setts Cavalry, going from Lawrence to the camp at 
Lynnfield, and from there to Boxford. He went to 
Union Race Course, Long Island, N. Y., and at that 
place, sometime in November, 1862, was detailed, and put 
into the Signal Corps. 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 449 

He left New York for New Orleans about the 2Oth 
of December, 1862, arriving there about January isth, 
1863, and after this did not see much of the Third Cav 
alry. Was present at the siege of Port Hudson, and 
saw the regiment two or three times while there. He 
was captured, and made a prisoner by the Confederates, 
while on signal duty on the gunboat, " Sachem." 

He was exchanged in August, 1864. On the 5th of 
August, Comrade Ridley was on signal duty on the 
sloop of war " Richmond." After staying there about 
two weeks or more, on the surrender of Fort Morgan, he 
went home on furlough for a month, and on his return 
to New Orleans did no more duty, with the exception of 
running a Courier Line from Black River to Jackson 
Miss., for about a month. After this service he was 
ordered to New Orleans and was discharged at that place 
July 4th, 1865. Being in the regular service he was dis 
charged where he was stationed when his term of service 
was out. He had been in the service thirty-five months, 
having, by order of the War Department, been given 
one month of his enlistment. He was never wounded 
except in his feelings, by being a prisoner. 



GEORGE R RYMILL, "BUGLER." 

Was born in Boston at the " North End. " Moved to 
East Boston in 1856. The first year of the war was en 
gaged in the mackerel fisheries. Enlisted July, 1862, in 
Capt. Gould s Company of East Boston, Forty-first Mass. 
Infantry. At the solicitation of the officers and men, ac 
cepted the position of "bugler," and served in that 



450 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 



capacity to the end of the war. He was presented by Lieu 
tenant Wesley A. Gove with a silver bugle, suitably 
inscribed. 

During- the Red River campaign he was detailed Or 
derly Bugler for Major Bunker. Discharged at Falls 

Church, Va., May 20, 1865. 
Ocupation since the war, wool 
and grocery business (shipping 
clerk), clerk and collector; East 
Boston Gas Co., n years; As 
sessor s Clerk, street work, two 
years; engaged in taking school 
census one year; clerk, and assist 
ant to purchasing agent for Im 
proved Sewerage Department, 
1879-1880; chief clerk, Lamp 
Department, City of Boston, at 
the present time ; a member of 
the G. A R. since its organiza 
tion, joining Post 23, Joseph 
Hooker, East Boston ; trans 
ferred to Post 47, Haverhill, and 
finally transferred to Theodore 
Winthrop Post, 35, Chelsea, 




Mass. 



Presented to Geo. H. Rymill, Co. E. 
by Cat>t. Wesley A. Gove. 



TIMOTHY A. STANLEY. 

Timothy A. Stanley was born on his father s farm in 
South Attleboro, Mass., the 6th of October, 1826. He 
enlisted in 1863, and was sworn into the service on the 
first of January, 1864, by Lieutenant-Colonel John F. 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 45 1 

Vinal of the Third Mass. Cavalry. He was mustered out 
with the regiment at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., Sept. 28, 
1865. He returned to Massachusetts with the regiment. 
In the spring of 69, he went West to Kansas, and in 
Dec. 69, bought 136 acres of land, on which he made a 
farm in the township of Ossawatomie, county of Miami, 
State of Kansas. He is living on the farm at the present 
time, February 28th, 1903, hale and hearty, and weighs 
200 pounds. 



CHARLES S. THAYER. 

Charles S. Thayer, of Co, K, was born in South Brain- 
tree, Mass., Nov., 1846, where he enlisted in his country s 
service July igth, 1864. He was the youngest of four 
brothers, all of whom gave up their life for their country : 
Two were killed in battle, and two died of disease, con 
tracted in the army. He was honorably discharged on 
account of ill-health, August isth, 1865. He died at the 
early age of twenty-three years, deeply regretted by all 
who knew him. The above-mentioned brothers, who, 
like him, laid down their lives on their country s altar, 
were Orderly Sergeant Loring W. Thayer, Company E, 
Thirty-second Regiment Massachusetts Infantry, killed 
before Petersburg, Va., George F. Thayer, Second 
Massachusetts Cavalry, killed at battle Five Forks, Va- 
Lucien M. Thayer, Forty-second Massachusetts Regi 
ment, died after his return from the war. 



45 2 THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 



AMBROSE L. VANNAH. 

He was born in Jefferson, Me., Oct. 14, 1839. Attended 
public school until the age of sixteen ; worked on farm 
till spring of 1861, then moved to East Boston and was 
employed by Bedfield Erskine as grocer clerk, until he 
enlisted in September 15, 1862, in Company E, then 
camped at Boxford, Mass. Entered the hospital at Port 
Hudson, July 9, 1863, and was discharged from the same 
November 30, 1863. Joined the regiment and partici 
pated in all the battles of the regiment. Mustered out 
at Falls Church, Va., May 20, 1865. After the war 
returned to East Boston, and worked for different firms 
until 1875; then -moved to Whitefield, N. H., and was 
employed by the Brown Lumber Company in their 
moulding room. Moved to North Yarmouth, Me., and 
opened a general store and was Postmaster at this place 
for eight years. Moved to Brockton in the fall of 1900, 
and is employed in the shoe trimming business as cutter 
at the present time. 




ROSTER 



ROSTER 

OF THE 

THIRD R E G I M E N T 

MASS AC 1 1 USETTS C A V A LRY. 



THE making of a complete Roster of the Third Massachusetts 
Cavalry meets wi.th difficulties greater than those connected 
with most other regiments. The Forty- first Massachusetts Volun 
teer Infantry left the State on November 5, 1862, with eight com 
panies and seven hundred men. In Baton Rouge, two companies 
from the Thirty-third Massachusetts Infantry were added, "I" and 
" K." On June 17, 1863, while in Louisiana, the regiment was con 
verted into the Third Massachusetts Volunteer Cavalry, and other 
companies that had preceded them with Butler s Expedition were 
added, the First, Second and Third unattached companies. These 
were added as Companies 4 * L," k M," and Read s Company. On 
March 26, 1865, Colonel Burr Porter joined the regiment and as 
sumed command. With him, certain detachments of troops that 
had been recently recruited in the State were received and merged 
with Companies " L" and "M " By the addition of these different 
companies, and by the recruits received from time to time, the rolls 
were increased to over twenty-five hundred men. 

On May 20, 1865, the original members of the regiment were 
mustered out of service. On July 21, those remaining were, by 
order of the War Department, consolidated into six companies, in 
which position they continued until September 28, 1865, when the 
entire regiment was mustered out of service. Because of these 
changes, the same person may have been at different times a member 
of more than one company. 

There is no complete Roster, arranged alphabetically by com 
panies, at the Adjutant General s office of the State, but there are 
records compiled from the muster rolls of the regiment, together 



iv THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

with such added information as could be obtained from the War De 
partment at Washington. Work is now in progress, by which we 
may hone in the near future to find at the State House a complete 
Roster of every regiment, systematically arranged, containing all 
available information. 

The Roster of the regiment here presented has been made from the 
records of the Adjutant General s office of Massachusetts, under the 
direction, and with the assistance of the officials in the office. They 
have afforded every facility for the work, and rendered much valu 
able aid. The compiling of this Roster has required the copying of 
the name of each member of the regiment, together with such infor 
mation as was available, upon a separate slip of paper, one slip for 
each name. After this, these names were arranged and transcribed 
in order as they appear below. 

By reason of the loss of muster rolls during the war once seve 
ral of them fell into the hands of the enemy much valued infor 
mation has been lost. This urny in part account for the absence of 
certain facts, for which some may look in vain in the Roster. It is 
possible a few errors may be discovered, growing out of the 
transcribing, twice over, of the two thousand five hundred names, 
together with all the information connected with them. However, 
we have spared no time nor pains to make the Roster complete 
and correct. We ask the indulgence of the surviving members of the 
regiment in their study of it. 

The commissioned officers we have arranged by themselves 
without regard to compan} relations. The order of their names is 
essentially the same as that found in the Adjutant General s Report 
of the State of Massachusetts. The enlisted men are arranged in 
companies, the First Sergeants heading the list of each company, 
the other sergeants arranged alphabetically, then the corporals, mu 
sicians, etc., followed by the privates. Each name appears but once 
in the Roster. Many of the cooks were colored men, enlisted in the 
South, but no mention of the race is made on the rolls. As a rule 
we have followed the spelling found in the records. 

A large number, three hundred and sixty-two (two hundred and 
sixty of whom were recruits), are borne on the rolls as enlisted, who 
never left the State with the regiment. Opposite their names we 
fitid recorded: " Never joined the Regiment," " Rejected Recruits," 
"No Record," "Deserted." By advice of the Historic Committee, 



ROSTER. v 

these names have been omitted altogether in this Roster, as they 
were not thought worthy of notice. We have striven to report the 
name of every man who left the State with the regiment or after 
wards joined it. We have given the different grades of each com 
missioned officer, but of the non-commissioned officers the informa 
tion is so incomplete that we have simply mentioned their highest 
rank. 

The name of each man is recorded as above described, and (unless 
a private) followed by his rank; also his place of residence, his age, 
single or married, occupation, date of enlistment, any particular 
fact of his history while in the service; closing with the date of dis 
charge or muster out of service. 

For the sake of brevitv we have used the following 



ABBREVIATIONS. 



Adv. Advocate 

A. G. Adjutant-General 

Batt. Battalion 

Corp. Corporal 

Com. Serg. Commissary Sergeant 

C. T. Colored Troops 

Com. Commissioned, Commis 
sary 

Cr. Credit 

Disch. Discharged 

Disa. Disability 

En. Enlisted 

Exp. Serv. Expiration of Service 

Hosp. Hospital 

in Married 

M. O. Mustered out 

M. V. M. Mass. Volunteer Militia 

M. V. I. Mass. Volunteer Infantry 

Prom. Promoted 



Prior Serv. 



Q. M. Sergt 

Regt. 

Re-en. 

Sergt. 

s 

Stew. 

Sub. Serv. 

Trans. 

U. S. C. T. 

U. S.Inf. 
Unof. 

V. R. C. 



Service in the war pre. 
vious to enlisting in the 
regiment 

. Quarter-Master Sergeant 
Regiment 
Re-enlisted 
Sergeant 
Single 
Steward 

Service after leaving the 
regiment 
Transferred 

United States Colored 
Troops 

United States Infantry 
Unofficial, but presum 
ably correct 
Veteran Reserve Corps 



vi 



COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. 



THOMAS E. CHECKERING, COLONEL. Boston, 38, m ; manufacturer. 

Disch. (lisa, Sept. 1, 64. Brevet Brig.-Gen. 
LORENZO D. SARGENT, Lawrence, 37, m ; manufacturer. Maj. Sept. 8, 

2; Lint. Col. Feb. 1, 63; Col. Sept. 2, 64. Disch. (lisa. March 10, 65. 
BURR PORTER, New York, 32. Col. March 21, 65. Disch. July 21, 65. 

Exp. serv. 
FREDERICK G. POPE, Boston, 38; mason. Capt. Aug. 11, 62; Major Dec. 

12, 64; Lieut.-Col. Aug. 15, 65; Com. Col. Aug. 5, 65. M. O. Sept. 19, 

65, as Lieut.-Col. 
ANSEL D. WASS, Lieut. : Col. 30; soldier. Disch. (lisa. Jan. 31, 63. Prior 

serv. in Gth M.V.M., also 19th M. V. I.; sub. serv. in 19th M. V. I. Col. 

60th Regt. 100 days. Brevet Brig.-Gen. 
JOHN F. VINAL, New Bedford, 42, m; architect and builder. Capt. Aug. 

23, 62; Major Feb. 1, 63; Lieut.-Col. Sept. 2, 64. M. O. Aug. 15, 65. Exp. 

serv. 
DAVID P. MUZZEY, Cambridge, 24, s ; lawyer. 1st Lieut. Nov. 1, 62; Capt. 

June 17, 63; Maj. Aug. 15, 65; Com. Lieut.-Col. Oct 5, 65. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65, as Maj. Prior serv. Priv. in Co. A, 1st Inf. Disch. for promotion. 

2d Lt. Co. I, 23d Regt., M.V.I. Res. July 17, 62. A. A. D. C. on staff of 

General Sheridan in Sheuandoah Valley, Va. 
JAMES M. MAGEE, Lowell, 24, s; Capt. Feb. 20, 62; Maj. June 17, 63; 

Disch. Aug. 6, 64. 
J. EMERSON COWEN, Fair Haven, 23. Corn. Capt. Feb. 20, 62; Maj. June 

17, 63. Disch. for Prom. Aug. 12, 63. Sub. serv. Maj. 1st La. Cav. 
S. TYLER READ, Attleboro, 25. Com. Capt. Feb. 20, 62; Maj. Aug. 13, 63. 

Disch. Nov. 1, 64. Brevet Col. Brevet Brig.-Gen. LT.S.V. March 13, 65. 
DAVID T. BUNKER, Boston, 25, s; med. student. Com. Capt. July 31, 62. 

Maj. Aug. 7, 64. Disch. June 6, 65. Exp. serv. 
EDWARD L. NOYES, Lawrence, 32, m; manufacturer. Capt. Aug. 27, 62; 

Maj. Sept. 2, 64; Disch. July 21, 65. Exp. serv. 
BENJAMIN F. TALBOT, Boston, 35, s; merchant. 1st Lieut. June 26, 62; 

Capt. and Com. of Subsistence, U. S. V. Nov. 7, 62; Brevet Maj. U. S. V. 

July 10, 65. M. O. July 15, 65. Exp. serv. 
WILLIAM M. GIFFORD, Boston, 38, m ; carpenter. 1st Lieut. Aug. 11, 62; 

Capt. Oct. 27, 63; Com. Maj. Oct. 5, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65 as Capt. Exp 

serv. 



COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. vii 

CHARLES STONE, Lawrence, 21, s; painter. 2nd Lieut. Aug. 27, 62; 1st 

Lieut. June 17, 63; Capt. Aug. 7, 64; Maj. Oct. 5, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65, 

as Capt. Exp. serv. 
JOHN A. COMERFORD, Lowell, 24, in; grocer. 2nd Lieut. Aug. 27, 62; 

1st Lieut. Aug. 13, 63; Capt. Nov. 14, 64; Maj. Oct. 5, 65. M. O. Sept. 

23, 65 as Capt. Exp. serv. 
HENRY C. DANE, Cambridge, 29, s; lawyer. 1st Lieut. Oct. 4, 62; Brevet 

Capt. and Maj. U. S. V. March 13, 65. Disch. Ma,y 15, 6. ). 
JOHN C. GRAY, Jr., Boston. 2nd Lieut. Oct. 7, 62; Judge Adv. with 

rank of Maj. on Gen. Gordon s Staff. Disch. Sept. 25, 64. 
ALBERT H. BLANCHARD, Sherborn, 34, m. Physician surg. Sept. 4, 62. 

Disch. disa. Feb. 29, 64. 

DANIEL F. LEAVITT, South Danvers, 29. Asst. Surg. Oct. 31, 62; Surg. 

March 1, (54. Disch. July 21, 65. Exp. serv. 
GEORGE G. TARBELL, Lincoln. Asst. Surg. Apr. 7, 65; Surg. Aug. 9, 

65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. Exp. serv. 
JOHN BLACKMER, Somerville, 34 s; physician. Asst. Surg. Sept. 4; 62; 

Surg. 47th Regt. M. V. M. Inf. Nov. 4, 62. Sub. serv. U. S. N. 
DANIEL S. ALLEN, Hamilton, 44, s; physician. Asst. Surg. Sept. 17, 62. 

Surg. 17th Mass. Inf. March 1, 65. M. O. July 11, 65. 
HENRY F. LANE, Lawrence, 37, m ; clergyman. Chaplain, Nov. 4, 62; 

Disch. disa. Nov. (53. 
TYLER C. MOULTON, New Bedford; clergyman. Chaplain, Feb. 9, 65. 

Resigned July 11, 65. 
HENRY A. DURIVAGE, Waltham, 25, s; merchant. Capt. Feb. 20, 62. 

Drowned in Miss, river, Apr. 19, 62. 
JOHN L. SWIFT, Roxbury, 34, m; C. H. officer. Capt. Aug. 25, 62. Detached 

service as Judge Adv. Resigned June 1, 64. 
LYMAN W. GOULD, Boston, 33, m; produce dealer. Capt. Sept. 15, 62. 

Resigned Oct. 26, 63. 

G. FRANK STEVENS, Lawrence, 25, s; manufacturer. Capt. Oct. 4, 62. Re 
signed Feb. 20, 63. 
FRANCIS E. BOY r D, Boston, 22, s; soldier. Capt. Oct. 4, 62. Disch. Nov, 

14, 64. Sub. serv. Maj. 4th Regt. H. A. Nov. ]4, 64 Disch. June 17, 65 

from H. A. Brevet Lient.-Col. 
WILLIAM H. SEAMANS, Roxbury, 28, m; dentist. Capt. Nov. 1, 62. 

Disch. July 23, 63. Prior serv. 30th Mass. Inf. Provost Marshal, General 

Grover s staff, Baton Rouge, La. 
JOHN C. WYMAN, Boston, 39, s; merchant. Capt. July 24, 64. Disch. 

May 15, 65. Exp. Serv. 
AMOS HENFIELD, Salem, 45, m. ; wheelwright. 2nd Lieut. Oct. 4, 62; 

Capt. Feb 21, 63. Disch. disa. July 12, 64. 
JAMES W. HERVEY, New Bedford, 24, m; banker. 1st Lieut. Ang. 23, 62; 

Capt. Feb. 1, 63. Disch. disa. March 5, 64. 



viii THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

BRADLEY DEAN, Boston, 21, s ; salesman. 1st Lieut. July 31, 62; Capt. 
June 17, 63. M. O. Dec. 27. 64. 

CYRUS F. BATCHELDER, Lawrence, 37, m ; grocer. 1st Lieut. Aug. 26, 
62; Capt. Aug. 13, 63. Disch. disa. Nov. 24, 63 as 1st. Lieut. 

CHARLES W. C. RHOADES, Boston, 23. 1st Lieut. Nov. 12, 62; Capt. 
May 23, 64. M. O. Dec. 5, 64. 

CHARLES B. STOOD ARD, Plymouth, 21, s; student. Q. M. Sept 29, 62; 

Capt. Aug. 18, 63. Prom. Asst. Q. M., U. S. V. May 20, 65. 

FRANK E. FROTHINGHAM, Charlestown, 24, s ; broker 2nd Lieut. June 

1, 62; 1st Lieut. Dec. 4, 62; Capt. Aug. 13, 63. Disch. June 5, 65. 

PRESTON TWITCHELL, Boston, 23, s; patterns. Corp. Sept. 27, 61; 2ud 

Lieut. Dec. 19, 63; 1st Lieut. March 27, 64; Capt. May 26, 64. DUch. June 

1, 65. Wounded Oct. 64. 

ELIPHALET H. ROBBINS, New Bedford, 37, m; clothing dealer. 2nd 

Lieut. Aug. 23, 62; 1st Lieut. Feb. 1, 63; Capt. Sept. 2, 64. Disch. disa. 

Dec. 15, 64 as 1st Lieutenant. 
GEORGE W. ROWLAND, 2nd, New Bedford, 23, s ; clerk. 1st Sergt. Aug. 

21, 62; 2nd Lieut. Feb. 1, 63; 1st Lieut. Nov. 11, 63; Capt. Sept. 2. 64; 

Wounded Sept. 19, 64. Disch. disa. Apr. 11, 65. 

CHARLES G. COX, Capt. Feb. 16, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. Sub. serv. in 1st 
Batt. Front. Cav. 

MARTIN V. BARNEY. Greenfield, 25, a; clerk. 1st Sergt. July 26, 62; 2nd 
Lieut. Dec. 21, 63; 1st Lieut. Oct. 28, 64; Capt. Apr. 1, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 
65. 

WESLEY A. GOVE Boston, 27, m ; coal dealer. 1st Lieut. Sept. 15, 62. 

Capt. Feb. 20, 65. Disch. June 17, 95. 
WILLIAM H. CUNNINGHAM, South Boston, 33, m; blacksmith. Sergt. 

Aug. 14, 62; 2nd Lieut. May 26, 64; 1st Lieut. Nov. 14, 64; Capt. Oct. 5, 

65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65 as 1st Lieut. 
WILLIAM H. P. BROWNELL, New Bedford, 18, s ; student. Sergt. Aug. 

20, 62; 2nd Lieut. Nov. 11, 63; 1st Lieut. Sept. 2, 64; Capt. Oct. 5, (55. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65 as 1st Lieut. 

CHARLES E. GROVER, Cambridge, 42, m ; merchant. Private Sept. 2, 62; 
*Sergt.-Maj. March 1, 63; 2nd Lieut. Apr. 13, 63; 1st. Lieut. Sept. 2, 

64: Capt. Oct. 5, 65; wounded, Yellow Bayou, May 18, 64; wounded 

severely, Winchester, Va., Sept. 19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65 as 1st Lieut. 
JOHN H. HILTON, 24. Private Dec. 5, 61; 2nd Lieut. Oct. 27, 63; 1st Lieut. 

Nov. 11, 64. Disch. Dec. 27, 64. Recommissioned 1st Lieut. Feb. 23, 65. 

Capt. Oct. 5, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65 as 1st Lieut. 
JOSEPH F. SIMONDS Melrose, 21, s, printer; Serg. Aug. 21, 62; 2nd 

Lieut. Sept. 20 64; 1st Lieut. July 21, 65; Capt. Oct. 5, 65. Disch. Sept. 

28, 65 as 1st Lieut. 



COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. ix 

JOHN F. CAMPBELL, Boston, 30, in; carpenter. Corp. Aug. 11, 62; 2nd 

Lieut. Sept. 11, ,64; 1st Lieut. July 22, (55: Capt. Oct. 5. Go. M. O. as 2nd 

Lieut. 
ROBERT S. OWENS, Boston, 27, s; carpenter. Corp. Aug. 19, 62; 2nd 

Lieut. Dec. 17, 64; 1st Lieut. Aug. 17, (55; C/ipt. Oct. 5, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 

65 as 2nd Lieut. 
RUSSELL C. ELLIOTT, Boston, 21, s: teamster. Private Aug. 12, 62; 2nd 

Lieut. Dec. 17, 64; Capt, Oct. 5, (55. Wounded Oct. (54 M. O. Sept. 28, 65 

as 2nd Lieut. 
ORLANDO B. REYNOLDS, En. Haverhill. Private Dec. 31, M ; 2nd Lieut. 

Feb. 8, 65; Capt. Oct. 5, 65. M.O. Sept. 28, {ft as 2nd Lieut. Prev. serv. 

in 100 day s men. 
DEWIT C. CLARK, En. Boston, 28. 2nd Lieut. Feb. 8, 65; Capt. Oct. 5 

65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65 as 2nd Lieut. 
HENRY S. ADAMS, Chicopee, 23, s; clerk. Adj. Sept. 8, (52. Discb. disa, 

Nov. 13, 63. 
BENJAMIN PICKMAN, Salem, 34; 2nd Lieut. Sept. 26, 61 ; 1st Lieut. Apr- 

24, 62. Disch. disa. Dec. 20, 62. 
PICKERING D. ALLEN, Salem, 23. s; gentleman. 2nd Lieut. Dec. 27, 61; 

1st Lieut. Jan. 1, 63. Killed in action June 2, (53. 
HENRY D. POPE, Fair Haven, 25, s; clerk. Sergt. Sept. 23, 61 ; 2nd Lieut. 

Jan. 1, 63; 1st Lieut. June 3, 63. Detacbed serv. at Brigade Head 
quarters as Act. Asst. Quar. Mast. Gen. M. O. Nov. 26, 64. 
A. GORDON BOWLES, Roxbury, 30, s; engineer. 1st Lieut. Sept. 25, (51. Ap 
pointed on staff of Mil. Gov. of La. July 14, (52. 
CHARLES J. BATCHELDER, Salem, 25, s; clerk. Sergt. Oct. 22, 61; 1st 

Lieut. July 14, 62. Died Sept. 9, 62, New Orleans, La. 
JOSEPH W. MORTON, Quincy, 21, s; student. Private Dec. 11, 61; 2nd 

Lieut. Feb. 20, (52; 1st Lieut. Sept. 10, 62. Disch. disa. Marcb 26, 63. Sub. 

serv. Capt. 4th Cav. Jan. 5, (54. Discb. May 15, (55. 
SOLON A. PERKINS, Lowell, 24, s; bookkeeper. 1st Lieut. Oct. 12, 61- 

Killed in action June 3, 63, Clinton, La. 
WILLIAM T. HODGES, Roxbury, 29, s; banker. 1st Lieut. Sept. 10, (52. 

Discb. as 1st Lieut, and commissioned Capt. 4th Cav. Aug. 13, (53. 
WILLIAM HARRIS, Jr., Boston, 27, m; machinist. 2ud Lieut. Aug. 16, 62; 

1st Lieut. June 17, 63. M.O. Dec. 5, (54. 
CHARLES B. STONE, Roxbury, 22, s ; banker. Com. Sergeant, Aug. 22, 62 ; 

1st Lieut. Nov. 16, 63. M. O. July 21, 65, as 1st Lieut, and Regt, C. Sub. 
THEODORE C. OTIS, Roxbury, 20, s; soldier: 2nd Lieut. Sept. 6, 62; 1st 

Lieut. Aug. 13, 63. Disch. July 11, 65 on Consolidation. 
GEORGE A. FISKE, Jr., Roxbury, 21, s; student. Q. M. S. Sept. 29, 62; 

1st Lieut. Oct. 27, 63 : Paymaster of Vols. July 22, 64. 



x THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

RAYMOND ELLINGTON, Proviucetown, 23s; clerk. Private July 30, 62; 

Serg. Maj. Dec. 2, 63; 1st Lieut, and Adj. Feb. 4, 64. Wounded Sept. 19, 

(34. Dropped from Holla May 22, 65. Special Or. Dept. of Mo. 
BENJAMIN AV. PARSONS, Lynnfield Centre, 25, s ; engineer. Sergt. Oct. 1, 

61 : 2ud Lieut. March 27, 63; 1st Lieut. Aug. 13, 63. Disch. disa. July 

15, 64. 

REED B. GRANGER, Boston, 21, s; student. Private Oct. 31, 62; 2nd 

Lieut. June 17, 63; 1st Lieut. March 6, 64. Act. Asst. Prv. MJIF. Disch. 

June, (55. 
JOSEPH H. KIXG3LEY, Boston, 37, in; clerk. Sergt. Aug. 19, 62. Q. M. 

Sergt. Jan. 1, 63; 2nd Lieut. Feb. 14, 64; 1st Lieut. May 26, 64. DUch. 

July 21, 65. 
WILLIAM S. STEVENS, South Boston, 23, in; clerk. 1st Sergt. Aug. 18, 62; 

2nd Lieut. Aug. 18, 63; 1st Lieut. Aug. 7, 64. Disch. Aug. 24, 65. 
MICHAEL McDONALD, Boston, s; farmer. Private Dec. 3, 61. Re-en. 

Feb. 19, (54; 2nd Lieut. March 11, 64; 1st Lieut. Aug. 7, 64. Disch. June 

6, 65. 
GEOMGE A. WADLEIGH, Boston, 21, s; engineer. 1st Sergt. Sept. 10, 62; 

2nd Lieut. June 17, 63; 1st Lieut. March 2, 65. Resigned July 27, 65. 
CHARLES E. BOWERS, Concord. 1st Lieut. March 2, 65. Declined Com- 

of 1st. Lieut. Front Cav. May 1, (55. M. O. June 30, (55. 
WILLIAM S. McKAY, Boston, 24, s; soldier. Private Apr. 8, (54; 2nd 

Lieut. July 21, (55; 1st Lieut. Aug. 5, 65. M. O. as 2nd Lieut. Sept 28, 65. 
JAMES K. LANDRICK, Pembroke, Me., 21, s. ; carpenter. Private Nov. 19, 

61: Re-en. Feb. 19, (54 ; 2nd Lieut. July 22, (55; 1st Lieut. Oct. 5, (55. 

M.O. Sept. 28, (55 as 1st Sergt. 
RICHARD M. SANBORN, South Braintree, 28, s; tinman. Private Jan. 

30, (54; 2nd Lieut. Aug. 17, 65; 1st. Lieut. Oct. 5, 4 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

as 1st Sergt. 
GRAFTOX FENNO, Boston, 36, s. ; accountant. Private Jan. 5, (54; Q, M . 

Sergt. July 2(5, (55; 1st Lieut. Oct. 5, (55. M. O. Sept. 28, (55, as Q.M. Sergt. 
JOHN MITCHELL, Providence, R. I., 18, s ; printer. Corp. Feb. 4, 64: 1st 

Sergt. May 20, 65 ; 1st Lieut. Oct. 5, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65, as 1st Sergt. 

Prev. serv. 
RUFUS V. WOODS. En. Springfield, 24, s; tailor. Private Dec. 30, 64 ; 

1st Sergt. Feb. 10, 65; 1st Lieut. Oct. 5, (55. M.O. Sept. 28, 65 as 1st Sergt. 
BENJAMIN RUSSELL, Jr., Greenwood. Me., 31, s ; farmer. Private Jan. 5, 

64; 1st Lieut. Oct. 5, 65. M, O. Sept. 28, 65 as 1st Sergt. Prior Serv. 
ZENAS W. CLARK, Pembroke, Me., 22, s; farmer. Private Oct, 19, 62; 

Corp. July 12. 62; Sergt. Jan. (54. Re-en. Feb. 19, 64; 1st Lieut. Oct 5, 65. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65 as Sergt. 
ROBERT E. MASON, New York, 21, s; clerk. Private March 1(5, 64; Sergt. 

June 1, 65; 1st Lieut. Oct. 5, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, (55 as Sergt. 



COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. xi 

THEODORE C. HOWE, Braintree, 18, s; laborer. Private Dec. 7. 63; Q. M. 

Sergt. May 21, 65; 1st. Lieut. Oct. 5, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65 as Q. M. 

Sergt. 
JOHN M. W. EMERY, Great Falls, X. H., 21, s; clerk. Private March 30, 

64; Sergt. July 28. 65; 1st Lieut. Oct. 5, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65 as Sergt. 
WILLIAM K. CAMERON, Pembroke, Me., 18, s; tailor. Private Oct. 19, 61 

Re-en. Feb. 19, 64; 1st Lieut. Oct. 5, (55. M. O. Sept. 28, 65 as Q. M. 
Sergt. 
WILLIAM H. YOUNG, Lowell, 26, s; shoemaker. Private Nov. 26, 61; 

Corp. June 1, <>5. Re-en. Feb. 19, 64; 1st Lieut. Oct. 5, (55. M. O. Sept. 
28, 65 as Corp. 
JOHN McKEE, Chelsea, 37, m; seaman. Private Dec. 9, 613; Sergt. Aug. lt>, 

65; 1st Lieut. Oct. 5, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 63 as Com. Sergt. 
MARCUS M. SULLIVAN, En. Boston, 2:}, clerk. Private Dec. 31, 64; Sergt. 

Feb. 10, 65; 1st Lieut. Oct. 5, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, (55 as Com. Sergt. 
SAMUEL W. LEWIS, Danvers, 25, s : ship carpenter. Private Oct. 7, 61; 

Corp. May 20, 62; 1st Sergt. Jan. 1, 63; 2nd Lieut. Oct. 27, 63. M. O. 

Nov. 26, 64. 
EDWARD J. NOYES, Lowell. 2nd Lieut. Nov. 12, 62. Disch. and Ap. 

Capt. 1st Texas Cav. Nov. 62. Disch. as Maj. Aug. 17, 64. 

ROBERT F. YEATON, Lowell. 2nd Lieut. May 9, 62. Resigned Feb. 13, 63. 
JARED P. MAXFIELD, Lowell, 21, s; clerk. Private No v . 22, 61: 2nd 

Lieut. Feb. 14, 63. Disch. disa. Aug. 28, 63. 

JOHN H, WESTON T , Boston, 31, m; caulker. 2nd Lieut. Sept. 15, 62. Re 
signed July 18, 63. 

LAWRENCE CONLIN, Boston, 38, s; carpenter. 2nd Lieut. Dec. 9, 62. Re 
signed Jan. 15, M. 
JOHN M. ROLSTON, Charlestown, 22, m; painter. Sergt. Maj. Aug. 21, (52; 

2nd Lieut. Feb. 21, 63. Disch. disa. Aug. 15, (54. 

JOSEPH F. GLIDDEN, Lawrence, 28, m ; clerk. Sergt. Aug. 7, 62; 2nd 

Lieut. Aug. 13, 63. Killed in action, Sept. 19, 64. 
JOHN F. POOLE, Randolph, 28, m; machinist. Sergt. June 3, 62; 2nd Lieut. 

Aug. 13, 63. Killed in action, Sept. 19, 64. 
LYMAN JAMES, Boston, 25, s; pattern maker. Private Aug. 30, 62; 2nd 

Lieut. March (5, 64. Wounded Oct. 19, (54. Died of wounds, Dec. 6, (54. 
EDWARD W. PIERCE, Boston, 21, s; mechanic. Sergt. June 4, (52; Sergt. 

Maj. Aug. 7, (54; 2nd Lieut. Aug. 7, (54. Disch. June 12, 65. 
ALVIN D. ELLIOTT, Lawrence, 24, m: machinist. Corp. Aug. 7, 62; 2nd 

Lieut. Aug. 7, (54. Disch. July 21, (55, on consolidation. 
PATRICK S. CURRY, Lowell, 32, m; stonecutter. Sergt. July 28, 62: 2nd 

Lieut. Aug. 7, 64. Disch. disa. March 29, 65. 
HEZEKIAH, P. HUGHES, North Truro, 23, m; farmer. Private July 28, 

62 ; 2nd Lieut. Sept. 20, 64. Resigned June 12, 65. 



xii THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

EDMUND MILES, Cambridge, 32, in ; printer. Private Aug. 19, 62; wounded 

Oct. 19, 64; 2nd Lieut. Nov. 14, 64. Disch. July 14, 65. 
JOHN CASWELT,, Boston, 38. m ; shoe dealer. Sergt. Aug. 20, 62; 2nd 

Lieut. S -pt. 20, (54; wounded Sept. 19, (54. Disch. July 21, 65. 
JOHN H. THOMAS, Plaquonave, La., 18; carpenter. Private Dec. 30, 62; 

Corp. May 31, (55; Sergt. July 6, (55; 2nd Lieut. Oct. 5, 65. M. O. Sept. 

28, (55 as Sergt. 
HENRY A. McMASTER, Southboro, 19, s; clerk. Private Feb. 29, 64; 

Sergt. May 20, 65; 2nd Lieut. Oct. 5, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65 as Sergt. 
GEORGE W. WOOD, Leverett, 27, s ; farmer. Private Dec. 24, (53; Sergt, 

July 28, 65; 2nd Lieut. Oct. 5, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65 as Sergt. 
GEORGE ALLEN, Proviucetown, 19, s; seaman. Private Jan. 5, (34; 2nd 

Lieut. Oct. 5, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65 as Sergt. 
GEORGE B. MEADE, Springfield, 23, s; machinist. Private Dec. 31, 64; 

Sergt. March 1, 65; 2nd Lieut. Oct. 5, (55. M. O. Sept. 28, 65 as Sergt. 
JOHN S. DAVIS, East Boston, 24, s: teamster. Private Feb. 27, 64; 2nd 

Lieut. Oct. 5. 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65 as private. 
IRVING W. BROWN, Charlestown. 19, s; baker. Private Jan, 4, 64; Sergt 

Sept. 1, (55; wounded Sept. 15), 64; 2nd Lieut. Oct. 5, (55. M. O. Sept. 28 

(55 as Sergt. 
JOHN PORTER, Bridgewater, 36, in; shoemaker. Private Dec. 31, T>3; Corp. 

May 1, 64; Com. Sergt. May 21, (55; 2nd Lieut. Oct. 5, (55. M. O. Sept. 

28, (55 as Com. Sergeant. 
EDWARD J. EVERETT, En. Greenfield, 20, s; student. Private Jan. 2, 65; 

Sergt, Feb. 10, (55; 2nd Lieut. Oct. 5, 65. M. O. Sept. 28. 65 as Q. M. 

Sergt. 
CHARLES K. LINCOLN, Quincy, 22, s; carpenter. Private Dec. 31. (54; 

Q. M. Sergt. Feb. 10, 65; 2nd Lieut. Oct. 5, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65 as 

Q. M. Sergt. 
SYLVESTER R. BUEE, East Boston, 26, m; soldier. Private Feb. 27, 64; 

Corp. July 26, 65; 2nd Lieut. Oct. 5, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65 as Corp. 
JEREMIAH DYSON, En. Boston, 36; sword practiser. Private Jan. 2, 65; 

Sergt. Feb. 10, 65; 2nd Lieut. Oct. 5, (55. M. O; Sept 28. 65 as Sergt. 



NON-COMMISSIONED STAFF. 



JAMES A. SMALL, North Truro, 2(5, in; fanner. Private July 1*9, (52; 

Sergt.-Maj. Feb. 10, (i5. Diach. May (55. 
WILLIAM WILDMA.N, Quincy, 32, s; brass-finisher. Sergt. Sept. 27, (52; 

Sergt.-Maj. March 14, (55. Disch. May 20, (55. Unof. 
MORTON J. McNEIL, Roxbury, 21, s; clerk. Private Feb. 10, (54. Disch. 

July 25, (55 as Sergt.-Maj. 
FRED D. PERRY, Boston, 32, m; clerk. Private Feb. 20, (54; Sergt. May 

20, (55. Discb. July 25, (55 as Regt. Com. Sergt. 
HARRY N. COBURN, New Bedford, 2(5, s; clerk. Private Aug. 21, (52; 

Hospt. Stew. Nov. 21, (52. Disch. (lisa. Nov. 4, (53 at Port Hudson, La. 
GEORGE G. BAILEY, Boston, 37, in ; druggist. Jan. 5, (54; Hosp. Stew. 

May 20, (55. Discb. July 25, (55. 
EDWARD B. STRATTON, Sherborn, 3(5, s; carpenter. Private Sept. 20, (52. 

Discb. May, (55 as Hosp. Stew. 
DAVID AMBROSE, Lawrence, 42, in ; carpenter. Sept. 4, (52. Hosp. Stew. 

Dec. 14, (52. Discb. May (55. 
ROBERT A. SAUNDERS, Chelsea, 32, MI; carpenter, En. Nov. 27, (53; 

D.-icli. July 25, (55 as Vet. Surg. Prior serv. 50th Regt. M.V.M. 



xiv 



COMPANY A. 



CHARLES F. ROWLAND, 1st Sergeant. New Bedford, 21, 8; clerk. Aug. 

21, 62. Died Feb. 19, 63, Baton Rouge, La. 
GEORGE H. ALLEN, 1st Sergeant, New Bedford, 25, in; clerk. Aug. 21, 62. 

Disch. disa. May 31, 65. 
JAMES RILEY, Q. M. Sergeant, Lowell, 35, m; machinist. Nov. 25, 61. 

Re-en. Feb. 19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JOHN A. BATES, Com. Sergeant, New Bedford, 22, m; bookkeeper. Aug. 

21, 62. Disoh. May, 65. 
SOLOMON D. EMERY, Com. Sergeant, Boston, 21, s; shoemaker. Oct. 8, 61. 

Re-en. Feb. 19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
SAVARY BRAILEY, Sergeant, Acushnet, 20, a; seaman. March 2, 64. M.O. 

Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 
JOHN J. COLWELL, Sergeant, New Bedford, 25, m; blacksmith. Aug. 20, 62 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
JOB H. GIFFORD, Sergeant, New Bedford, 28, m ; mason. Aug. 20, 62. 

Transferred to Navy, July 31, 64. Disch. June 3, 65, from Tuscarora. 
WILLIAM GROSS, Sergeant, Boston Cr. Barre, 23, s ; farmer. Apr. 1, 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
CHARLES P. KASIMIRE, Sergeant, New Bedford, 28, s; carriage-trimmer. 

Aug. 19, 62. Wounded, Sept. 19, 64. Disch. (lisa. March 16, 65. 
SAMUEL N. LEONARD, Sergeant, New Bedford, 33 s; clerk. Aug. 20, 62.. 

Disch. Jan. 18, 64. 
CHARLES A. LUCAS, Sergeant, New Bedford, 42, in; mariner. Aug. 19/62. 

Died Nov. 30, 63, at Port Hudson. 
WILLIAM S. MAXFIELD, Sergeant, New Bedford, 29, s; seaman. Aug. 21, 

62. Transferred to Navy, July 31, (54. 
HUGH McDONALD, Sergeant, New Bedford, 19, s; teamster. Aug. 21, 62. 

Transferred to Navy, July 31, 64. Disch. June 11, 65, from R.S. Princeton. 
HARRISON G. O. NYE, Sergeant, New Bedford, 40, m ; painter. Aug. 18, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
JAMES K. PRITCHARD, Sergeant, New Bedford, 21, s; gilder. Aug. 21, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
JOSEPH A. SARGENT, Sergeant, Springfield, 31, m; carriage trimmer. Aug. 

21, 62. Died March 12, 65, at Annapolis, Md. 
ANDREW J. SHERMAN, Sergeant, New Bedford, 19, m; farmer. Jan. 25, 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 



COMPANY A. xv 

THOMAS G. TILLINGHAST, Sergeant, New Bedford, 18, s; clerk. Jan. 4, 

64. Died Oct. 20, 64, of wounds received in action, Winchester, Va. 
SETH A. WILCOX, Sergeant, New Bedford, 27, s; carpenter, Aug. 21, 62. 

Died May 30, 64, at New Bedford, Mass. 
CHARLES N. WOOD, Sergeant, New Bedford, 21, s; carpenter. Aug 21, 62. 

Wounded Sept. 19, 64. Disch. May 13, 65. 
ALPHEUS C. BRALEY, Corporal, New Bedford, 39; moulder. Aug. 19, 62. 

Disch. disa. Nov. 29, 63. 
THOMAS BURKE, Corporal, Boston, 20; laborer. Oct. 11, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
PATRICK CARROLL, Corporal, New Bedford, 21, s; teamster, Aug. 20, 62. 

Died Aug. 6, 64, at Washington, D. C. 
JOSEPH D. ELLERSON, Corporal, Bridgewater, 18; farmer. Dec. 22, 63. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
WILLIAM GALLAGHER, Corporal, Cambridge, 22, s; plasterer. Feb. 1, 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
MONROE HOLCOMB, Corporal, New Bedford, 29, in; butcher. Aug. 21, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
GEORGE W. HOOD, Corporal, New Bedford, 30, s : carriage painter. Aug. 

21, 62. Disch. May 20, (iff. 
H3NRY C. HUNT, Corporal, Long Meadow, 29, in; teamster. Feb. 16, 64. 

Wounded Oct. 19, (54. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
WILLIAM H. JOHNS. Corporal, en. Leominster, 23. Feb. 24, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 

ROBE11T E. LEAVITT, Corporal, Acushnet, 18, s; student. Feb. 24, 64. 
M. O. Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 

NATHAN D. MAXFIELD, Corporal, New Bedford, 26, s ; carpenter. Aug- 
21, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 

THOMAS H. NOLAN, Corporal, New Bedford, 19, s ; clerk. Aug. 21, 62. 
Disch. and commissioned 1st Lieut. 82.1 Regt. U. S. C. Inf. July 21, 63. 
Resigned June 15, 65. 

WILLIAM J. POWELL, Corporal, New Bedford, 31, in; painter. Aug. 20/62. 
Disch. disa. Feb. 21), 63. 

WILLIAM SULLIVAN, Corporal, Provincetown, 18, s; seaman. Jan. 5, 64. 
M. O. Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 

GEORGE E. WEAVER, Corporal, New Bedford, 28, in; spice manufacturer. 
Aug. 21, 62. Disch. May 30, 65. 

CHARLES C. DEAN, Bugler, en. New Orleans, La., 19. Nov. 30, 62. M. O. 
Sept. 28, 65. 

EDWARD F. DENNIS, Bugler, Lynn, 21, s; shoemaker. Nov. 14, 61. M. O. 
Sept. 28, 65. 



xvi THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

CHARLES G. WILSON, Bugler, N.r\v Bedford, 18, s ; student. Aug. 21, 62 
Disch. May 20. 65. 

JOHN DOYLE, Farrier, Killport, Ireland, en. New Orleans, 25; farrier. May 

28, 62. Disch. May 17, 65. 

WILLIAM D. PERNIN, Farrier, Lunenburg, 20, s ; blacksmith. Nov. 20, 61. 

Re.-en. Feb. 19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
ALMADO R. SMITH, saddler, Reatlfield, Me., 25, s ; harness-miker. Dec. 23, 

63. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 
WASHINGTON ALLEN, Cook, Port Hudson, 12. Aug. 30, 63. Deserted July 

29, 65., Mt. Pleasant, Ks. 

HENDERSON BROWN, Cook, en. Port Hudson, 26. Sept. 1/63. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 

JAMES GREEN, Cook, Port Hudson, 30. Aug. 30, 63. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
GEORGE WASHINGTON, Cook, en. Port Hudson, 27. Aug. 30, 63. Deserted 

(55. Unof. 
DANIEL WIILLAMS, Cook, en. Port Hudson, 19. Aug. 30, 63. Died Nor. 29, 

63, Port Hudson. Unof. 

EBEN C. ADAMS, New Bedford, 40, m; ship joiner. Aug. 21, 62. Trans, to 

Navy July 31, 64. Disch. Dec. 31, 64, from R. S. at Boston. 
WILLIAM ALMY, New Bedford, 26, ra; clerk. Aug. 25, 62. Disch. May 20, 63. 
DON CARLOS ALVAREZ, Bo.ston, 23, s; soldier. Feb. 26, 64. Absent in 

confinement at M. O. Regt. Sept. 28, 65. Unof. 

AMASA ARNOLD, Stowe, 18, s; farmer. Dec. 15, 63. Died Aug. 17, 64. Unof. 
BENJAMIN H. ARNOLD, New Bedford, 19, s ; mechanic. Jan. 4, 64. 

Wounded Sept. 19, 64. Trans, to V. R. C. and Disch. Oct. 7, 65. 
FRANCIS H. BACKUS, New Bedford, 37, in ; laborer. Aug. 20, 62. Disch- 

May 20, 65. 

ROBERT H. BATLEY, Attleboro, 40, ni; farmer. Jan. 5, 64. M.O. Sept. 28, 65. 
VARANUS S. BAILEY, Attleboro, 18, s; farmer. Jan. 5, 64. M.O. Sept. 

28, 65. 

GEORGE BAILEY, Wiscasset, Me., 31, s; mariner. Aug. 18, 62. Deserted 

Dec. 14, 62, N. Y. 
ABRAHAM E. BORDEN, New Bedford, 33, m; mason. Aug. 21, 62. Trans. 

to Sig. Corps Nov. 15, 62. Scalded to death in Gunboat Clifton, Sabine 

Pass, Apr. 9, 63, a shot passing through the boiler. 
GEORGE BERGER, Boston, 28, engineer. Nov. 15, 64. Absent without 

leave since June 24, 65. No later record. 
ANDREW P. BISMORE, New Bedford, 34, m; cooper. Aug. 20, 62. Disch. 

Jan. 18, 64. 
CHARLES A. BONNEY, New Bedford, 43, m; mariner. Aug. 18, 62. Disch. 

March 28, 64. 
CHARLES R. BOOTH, New Bedford, 22, s; clerk. Aug. 21, 62. Died Dec. 2 

63, Port Hudson, La-, from wounds received in action. 



COMPANY A. xvii 

AUGUSTUS D. BBIGGS, New Bedford. 23, m; carpenter. Aug. 21, 62. Died 

of wounds, Nov. 14, 64, Baltimore, Md. 
GEORGE C. BRIGHAM, New Bedford, 22, s ; laborer. Aug. 21, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. 
HENRY R. BUTTS, New Bedford, 41, ni; carpenter. Aug. 21, 62. Trans. 

to Co. I, 3rd Regt. V. R. C. Diich. dis*. Apr. 18, 64. 
IRVING \V. CAMPBELL, Boston, 18, s; clerk. Jan. 5, 64. Wounded Sept. 

19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

CHARLES CARPENTER, New Bedford, 31, m; hostler. Aug. 20/62. Deserted 
Feb. 9, 64. 

JAMES W. CARROLL, New Bedford, 19, s; laborer. Jan. 5, 64. Trans, to 

Navy, July 31, 64. Prior serv. 
MICHAEL CARTER, New Bedford, 41, m ; teamster. Aug. 21, 62. Disch. May 

20. 65. 

WILLIAM A. CASE, Freetown, 21, s; tinsmith. Jan. 13, M. Wounded Apr. 

19, 64. Disch. disa. Nov. 7, 65. 

JOHN CASH IN, New Bedford, 20, s; tailor. Aug. 21, 62. Deserted Nov. 7/62, 
N. Y. 

OTIS O. CLAFIN, Southboro, 18, s; shoemaker. Feb. 25, 64. M.O. Sept. 28, 
65. 

WILLCAM E. CLARK, Rochester, 22, s; farmer. Jan. 5, 64. Killed in action 

Oct. 19, 64, Cedar Creek, Va. 
WILLIAM CLYMENTS, New Bedford, 40, m; blacksmith. Jan. 7, 64. Trans. 

to Navy July 31, 64. Disch. Rec. Ship Ptiila. Aug. 24, 65. 

THOMAS F. COLE, Likeville, 28, m; shoem iker. Jan. 18, 6i. Trans, to 
Navy July 31, 64. 

SYLVESTER A. COLYER, New Bedford, 25, in; roperaiker. Aug. 18, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
JAMES CONLIN, Pittsfield, 26; sailor. Dec. 14, (>4. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

JOHN CONNELLY, Boston, 25, m; laborer. Nov. 30, 61. Re.-en. Feb. 19, 64. 
Disch. Sept. 28, 65. 

MICHAEL CONWAY, New Bedford, 23, s; teamster. Aug. 21, 62. Disch. 
May 20, 65. 

DAVID COOK, Provincetown, 26, s; seaman. Jan. 14, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
Prior serv. 

ISAAC H. COOK, New Bedford, 18, s; butcher. Aug. 21, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. 

GEORGE H. COON, New Bedford, 39, m; laborer. Aug. 21, 62. Disch. dlsa. 
Feb. 26, 63. 

JAMES CUSHMAN, Provincetown, 39, m; seaman. Jan. 5, 64. Wounded 
Sept. 19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 



xviii THRID MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

ISAAC C. DAVIS, Dartmouth, 3G, m; butcher. Aug. 19, 62. M.O. Sept. 28, 65. 

GEORGE W. DAVIS, New Bedford, 35, rn; teamster. Aug. 20, 62. Disch. 
disa. Nov. 27, Go. 

LAFAYETTE DEAN, New Bedford, 28, m; shoe finisher, Aug. 18, 62. Disch. 
Nov. 5, 62. Ord. Sur. Gen. 

WILLIAM DONNS, Delaware, Cr. Holyoke, 21, s; farmer. June 22, 64. De 
serted June 21, 65, St. Louis, Mo. 

CHARLES B. DOUGLASS, New Bedford, 35. m; teamster. Aug. 20, 62. 

Killed in action, Nov. 30, 63, Plains Store, La. 
WILLIAM H. EATON, New Bedford, 33, m; painter. Aug. 21, 62. Deserted 

Nov. 21, 62, N. Y. 

LOWELL M. EDSON, New Bedford, 23, s; carpenter. Aug. 21, 62. Died 
July 28, 63, Baton Rouge, La. 

JOHN B. EASTERBROOK, Boston, 18, s; clerk. May 6, 64. M.O. Sept. 28, 65. 
FRANKLIN FINE, Provincetown, 23, m; seaman. Jan. 5, 64. Wounded 

Sept. 19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

ANDREW J. FRANCIS, New Bedford, 21, s; teamster. Aug. 21, 62. Wound 
ed Sept. 19, 64. Disch. May 25, 65. 

JOSEPH FULMER, Roxbury, 29, m; ropemaker. Jan. 2, 64. M.O. Sept. 28, 65. 
SAMUEL E. GABRIEL, New Bedford, 34, in; boat-builder. Aug. 20, 62. 

Disch. May 27, 65. 

ROBERT GORDON, Hyannis, 35, m; tailor. Aug. 21, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 
BERNARD T. GARLAND, New Bedford, 24. m; shoemaker. Feb. 1, 64. 

Trans, to Navy, July 31, 64. 
NATHAN S. GIBBS, New Bedford, 22, s; seaman. Aug. 19, 62. Disch. Jan. 

18, 64. 
WILLIAM C. GIDLEY, New Bedford, 29, m; seaman. Aug. 20, 62. Trans. 

V.R.C. 
CHARLES F. GIFFORD, New Bedford, 18, s ; shoe cutter. April 19, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
AMASA GOLDING, Farmington. Me., Cr. Wayland, 24, s; carpenter. Dec. 

18, 63. Disch. July 31, 65. 
HENRY GOTHARD, Boston, 21, s; mariner. March 2, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 

65. 

LORING GRAY, Fall River, 36, s ; hostler, Jan. 8, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
FRANK G. HAMMOND, Charlestown, 19, s ; carpenter. Dec. 7, 63. Disch 

disa. Jan. 11, 65. Prior serv. 
SIMON HANDY, New Bedford, 37, m; teamster. Aug. 20, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. 

ALBION D. HAPGOOD, Boston, 18, s; clerk. Jan. 4, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
FRANCIS A. HARVEY, Lakeville, 29, s; shoemaker. Jan. 13, 64. M.O. 

Sept. 28, (55. 



COMPANY A. xix 

WILLIAM S. HASKIXS, New Bedford. 28, s ; seaman. Feb. 23, 64. Trans, 
to Navy, July 31, (54. 

JOHN F. HATCH, Abington, 34, m; shoemaker. Dec. 7, 63. Absent sick 

at M. O. Regt. Sept. 28, Go. 
WILLIAM W. HATCH, Farmington, Me., Cr. Chelsea, 21, s ; farmer. Nov. 

28, G3. Wounded Oct. 04. Trans, to V.R.C., Co. I, 10th Regt. Disch. 

Oct. 5, Go. 

GEORGE L. HATHAWAY, New Bedford, 26, s; seaman. Jan, 4, 64. Trans, 
to Navy July 31, 64. Disch. from R.S. Ohio June 11, 66. 

WILLIAM A. HATHAWAY, New Bedford, 26. m ; farmer, Aug. 18, 62. 
Trans, to V.R.C. Disch. from Co. I, 3rd Regt., July 19, 65. 

THOMAS HAYDEN, East Boston, 21, s; teamster. Feb. 22, 64. Trans. Co. 
E, 2nd Batt. V.R.C. M. O. Nov. 21, 60. 

HENRY HEINTZ, New Bedford, 31, s; cooper. Aug. 21, 62. Died Oct. 1, 63. 
Port Hudson, La. 

WILLIAM H. HICKS, New Bedford, 37, m; laborer. Aug. 20, 62. Trans, to 
Co. D, 3rd Regt. V.R.C., Feb. 64. M. O. July 1<>, 65, at Burlington, Vt. 

LAMSON HITCHINGS, Charlestown, 24, s; morrocco finisher. Nov. 28, 63. 

Disch. June 12, 65. 

JOHN HOLLAND wounded Sept. 1!), 64. Disch. disa. July 14, 65. 
WILLIAM M. HUBBY, Ne\v Lenox, 23, s; farmer, Feb. 27, 64. Wounded 

Oct. 64. Disch. July 10, (55. 
JOS IAH C. HUNT, Longrneadow, 21, in; armorer. Feb. 18, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. Prior serv. 
JOHN W. HUNTER, Boston, 30, blacksmith. May 6, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 

WILLIAM H. JAQUISH, West Point, N. Y., 23, s; mariner. Aug. 21, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
STEPHEN D. JORDAN, New Bedford, 44, in; jeweller. Aug. 21/62. Disch. 

May 27, 65. 
WILLIAM L. KELLY, Sydney, Me., 22, s; farmer. Aug. 21, 62. Disch. July 

14, 65. 
MICHAEL KENDRICK, Canton, 21, s ; harness miker. March 28, 64. 

Wounded Oct. 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
MICHAEL KINDREGAN, S. Weymouth, 18, s; boot maker. Dec. 26, 63. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
MICHAEL LALLY, New Bedford, 23, s; laborer. Jan. 5, 64. Died of wounds 

Nov. 7, 64, Winchester, Va. 
JOSEPH N. LANDERS, New Bedford, 32, in; boat builder. Aug, 19, 62. 

Died March 20, 63, Baton Rouge, La. 
JOHN LEE, New Bedford, 44, m ; harness maker. Aug. 21, 62. Disch. disa. 

May 25, 63, 



xx THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

STEPHEN H. LEONARD, New Bedford, 19, s; planer. Jan. 5, 64. Died of 

wounds, Sept. 24, 64, Winchester, Va. 
WILEIAM E. S. LINGO, Delaware, Cr. Holyoke, 21, farmer. June 22, 64. 

Diach. June 3, 65. 
PHILLIP C. LOOSE, en. N. O., La., 27, Nov. 10, 62. Wounded Sept. 19, 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
SQUIRE HENRY H. LUCAS, New Bedford, 19, s ; messenger. Aug. 18, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
FREDERICK LYNG, New Bedford, 24, s; laborer. Aug. 19, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. 
WILLIAM LYNG, New Bedford, 19, s; laborer. Jan. 25, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 

65. Prior serv. Co. G, 3rd Inf. 
SAMUEL A. MACOMBER, Freetown, 21, s; blacksmith. Dec. 31, 63. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
SIMEON A. MACOMBER, New Bedford, 44, in; teamster. Aug. 21, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
JAMES MOHAN, New Bedford 43, m; tailor. Oct. 20, 62. Deserted Nov. 6, 

62. N. Y. 
GEORGE MALLOY, S. Boston, 22, s; hostler. June 21, 64. M. O., Sept. 28, 

65. 
JOSEPH H. MALLORY, Cuba, N. Y., Cr. Roxbury, 19, s; farmer. Oct. 24, 

64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
CHARLES H. MARSTON, Provincetown, 20, s ; seaman. Jan. 4, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
LYMAN B. MASON, Methuen, 19, s ; hatter. March 7, 64. Wounded Sept. 

19, 64, Winchester, Va. Disch. disa. June 27, 65. 
FRANCIS MAXWELL, New Bedford, 20, m ; stone cutter. Aug. 21, 62. Disch. 

disa. Nov. 4, 62. 
DANIEL MCCARTHY, New Bedford, 33, m; laborer. Aug. 19, 62. Trans, to 

V. R. C. 
WILLIAM McCLOSKEY New Bedford, 18, s; laborer, Jan. 16, 64. Disch. 

July 14, ? 64. 
HUGH McDEVITT, New Bedford, 19, s ; laborer, Jan. 30, 64. Killed in 

action, Sept. 19, 64, Winchester, Va. 
DANIEL McKENNA, Pittsfield, 20, S; spinner. Dec. 14, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 

65. 
WILLIAM E. McKENNA, Pittsfield, 20, s; wool sorter. Dec. 14, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
CHRISTOPHER McNAMARA, Medway Village, 21. s; boot maker. Jan. 4. 

64. Deserted Aug. 23, 65, Fort Kerney, N. T. 
THOMAS McNAMARA, Boston; 23, s; boot maker. March 19, 64. Disch. 

July 20, 65. 



COMPANY A. xxi 

EDWARD MORRTS, Hoosac Falls, N. Y. Cr. West Springfield, 11), s; laborer. 

Jan. 9, (>4. Disch. May 30, 65. 
SILAS MOSIER, Bakersfield, Vt. Or. Waltham, 21, m; farmer. March 3, 64. 

Disch. Aug. 29. 65. 
EDWARD MURPHY, New Bedford, 18, s; seaman. Jan. 16, 64. Trans, to 

Navy. July 31, 64. 
TIMOTHY F, MURPHY, New Bedford, 30, in ; blacksmith. Jan. 18, 64. 

Trans, to Navy, July 31, 64. 
WILLIAM NELIES, Coleraine, Ire. En. New Orleans, La., 18; laborer* 

Aug. 20, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 
NATHANIEL A. NEWCOMB, Pawtucket, R. I., 18, s; laborer, Aug. 22, 62. 

Disch. May 20, (55. 
WILLIAM S. NORTON, New Bedford, 19, s ; clerk, Aug. 21, 62. Disch. 

Jan. 29, 64, New Orleans, La. 
JOSEPH E. OLLIVER, New Bedford, 22. s; farmer. Jan. 11, 64. Disch. 

May 18, % 65. 
LEANDER PERRY, New Bedford, 22, s; laborer. Aug. 20, 62. Trans, to 

Navy, July 31, 64. Disch. from " North Carolina," Sept. 1, 65. 
CLEM POOLE, en. Port Hudson, 27. Aug. . 30, 63. Deserted July 29, 65, 

Mt. Pleasant, Kansas. 
ABNER S. POTTER, New Bedford, 42, m ; mariner, Aug. 21, 62. Trans 

to Navy, July 31, 64. Disch. Oct. 6, 65, from " North Carolina." 
CHARLES F. REMINGTON, New Bedford, 18, s ; clerk. Aug. 21, 62. 

Di*ch. June 1, 65. 
JOHN H. RICHARDS, New Bedford, 18, s; carriage painter. Aug. 21, "62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
JOHN B. ROGAN, S. Boston, 19, s; teamster. March 10, 64. M. O. Sept. 28. 

65. Prior Serv. 

MICHAEL ROGAN, S. Boston, 22, s; sailor. March 9, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
FERDINAND ROLLE, N. Y. City, 29, s ; blacksmith. Aug. 20, 62. Trans, to 

Navy, July 31, 64. 
EDMUND ROWELL, Cr. Roxbury, 21. s; farmer. March 10, 64. Deserted 

Aug. 24, 6">, Fort Kerney, N. T. 

JOHN A. SALES, Chelsea, 18, s; clerk. Jan. 4, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
DENNIS SCANNELL, Provincetown, 28, m; seaman. Jan. 4, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
JOHN SHENCK, en. N. O. La., 21 ; blacksmith. July 14. 62. Disch. May 20. 

65. 
ISSAC W. SEKELL, New Bedford, 20, s; laborer. Feb. 2, 64. Died Jan. 

12, 65, Phila. Pa. 

WILLIAM W. SEKELL, New Bedford, 19, s; laborer. Feb. 5. 64. Wounded 
Sept. 19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 



xxii THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

GEORGE F. SIMPSON, Medway, 25, s; bootmaker. Feb. 29, 64. Trans, to 
2nd Co. 2nd Batt. V.R.C. M. O. Nov. 21, 65. Prior serv. 

MICHAEL SMITH, New Bedford, 18, s; seaman. Jan. 29, 64. Died of 
wounds, Aug. 24, 65, Fort Kerney, Kan. 

JAMES SOLON, Pittsfield, 24, s; blacksmith. Dec. 14, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 
65. Prior serv. 

WILLIAM P. SOVVLE, New Bedford, 29, m; laborer. Aug. 20, 62. Disch. 
disa. May 25, 63. 

ROBERT STEVENSON, N. Y. Cr. Maiden, 18, s; boiler maker. Feb. 25, 64. 
M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

DENNIS SULLIVAN, New Bedford, 18, s; laborer. Aug. 21, 62. Wounded 

Sept. 19. 64. Disch. disa. March 17, 65. 
ROWLAND L. TABER, Acushnet, 18, s; farmer. Feb. 24, 64. Died June 

15, 64, N. O., La. 
WILLIAM H. TABER, New Bedford, 26, s ; seaman. Aug. 20, 62. Disch. 

disa. Oct. 14, 63. 
HENRY TAYLOR, Hanover, N. H., 24, s; seaman. Oct. 27, 62. Disch. disa. 

May 9, 63. 
GEORGE W. THURSTON, Cr. New Bedford, 24, s; moulder. Jan. 29, 64. 

Wounded Sept. 19 64. Deserted Aug. 11, 65., Pawnee Station. 
CHARLES F. TILLINGHAST, New Bedford 22, s. Jan. 4, 64. Died Jan. 

19, 65., Salsbury, N. C. as prisoner of war. 
STEPHEN W. TOLMAN, New Bedford, 41, m ; teamster. Aug. 20, 62. Disch. 

June 29, (>5. 
SILAS TOWNSEND, Lakeville, 34, in: shoemaker. Jan. 28, 64. Disch. Aug. 

8, 65. Prior serv. 
AMBROSE H. TRIPP, New Bedford, 19, s ; moulder. Aug. 21, 62. Disch. 

disa. May 24, 63. 
CHARLES H. TRIPP, New Bedford, 28, m ; butcher. Aug. 21, 62. Trans. 

to Navy, July 31, 64. 
DANIEL D. TRIPP, New Bedford, 29, m ; butcher. Aug. 20, 62. Trans, to 

Co. I, 3rd Regt. V. R. C., March 5, 64. Disch. July 19, 65. 
JOSEPH H. TRIPP, New Bedford, 44, m; farmer. Jan. 5, 64. Trans, to 

Co. E, 9th Regt., V. R. C. Di<*ch. Oct. 6, 65. 
CHARLES H. VAUGHN, S. Boston, 19, s. Teamster. March 29, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65., Prior serv. 
GEORGE M. VIALL, Providence, R. I., 18, s ; laborer. Aug. 22, 62. Died 

May 15, 63, Baton Rouge, La. 
FRANCIS H. VINAL, Freetown, 40, m; mason. Dec. 31, 63, Disch. July 

29, 65. 
PAUL B. WARREN, New Bedford, 21, s; shoedresser. Aug. 20, 62. Trans. 

to V. R. C. 



COMPANY A. xxii 

HENRY WATSON, New Bedford, 21, a; laborer. Jan. 18, 04. Deserted 
Aug. 12, Go. Seneca, Ks. 

JAMES WATSON, New Bedford, 24, s; laborer. Feb. 13, 04. M. O. Sept. 
28, (Jo. 

WILLIAM H. WEAVER, New Bedford, 34, m; butcher. Aug. 20, 02. 

Wounded Sept. 19, 64. Trans, to 14th Co. 2nd Batt. V.R.C. Disch. June 

30, Go. 
THOMAS WELCH, New Bedford, 20, s; shoemaker. Aug. 21, 62. Disch. 

disa. Feb. 6, 05. 
JOHN WELCH, New Bedford, 20, m; teamster. Aug. 19, 02. Disch. Jan. 

18, 04. 
EDMUND G. WELSH, New Bedford, 21, in; farmer. Jan. 25, 04. Killed 

in action Oct. 19, 64, Cedar Creek, Va. 
JOHN B. WELFORD, Salem, 40, m ; mariner. Oct. 27, 03. Trans. 2nd Co. 

2nd Batt, V,R.C. and disch. July 31, 05. Prior serv. 

HORATIO C. WHEATON, New Bedford, 27, s; mason. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. 

June 1, 03. 
CHARLES D. WHITTEMORE, New Bedford, 19, s; clerk. Jan. 12, 04. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
GEORGE WILCOX, New Bedford, 19, s; clerk. Aug. 19, 62. Diach. July 

13, 03, to accept com mission. 
FREDERICK T. WILCOX, New Bedford, 22 ; carpenter. Aug. 21, 02. 

Disch. disa. Oct. 14, 63. 
JAMES WILLIAMS, JR., E. Boston, 21, m; teamster. March 14, ( A. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
WILLIAM H. WILSON, New Bedford, 20, s; confectioner. Oct. 8, 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
ZENO K. WOOD, New Bedford, 21, s ; clerk. Aug. 21, 62. Disch. April 

27, 64. 
FRANCIS A. YOUNG, New Bedford, 28, m, teamster. Aug. 31, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. 



COMPANY B. 



JAMES A. MORSE, 1st Sergt. Lawrence, 24, m; shoemaker. Aug. 9, 62- 

Disch. disa. Sept. 10, 63. 
JAMES VV. DREW, 1st Sergt. Lawrence 22, s; shoemaker. Aug. 11, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
FRANCIS T. HOLDEN, 1st Sergt. Clinton, .TO, in; weaver. Jan, 5, 64. 

Disch. Aug. 10, 65. 
SAMUEL CORNING, Q. M. Sergt. Lawrence, 21, s; clerk. Aug. 8, 62. 

Disch May, 65. 
DAVID KINGMAN, J.R., Q. M. Sergt. Hanson, 29, m ; tackmaker. Dec. 

30, 63. M.O. Sept. 26, 65. 
ALEXANDER ATKINS, Com. Sergt., E. Cambridge, 19, s ; ladder maker. 

Jan. 26, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JOHN HARRISON, Sadd. Sergt. Charlestown, 29, m; harness maker. Aug. 

7, 62. Disch. May 65. 
GUSTAVUS A. CHANDLER, Sergt, Lawrence, 25, s; teamster. Aug. 6, 62. 

Drowned in Miss, river July 4, 64. 
GEORGE E. CROCKETT, Sergt. Lawrence, 18, s; operative. July 14, 62. 

Wounded Sept. 19, 64. Disch. May 20, 65. 
EDWIN L. CURTIS, Sergt. Stoughton, 20, s; teamster, Dec. 11, 63. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
JUSTIN H. KENT, Sergt. Lawrence, 25, m; stair builder. Aug. 5, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. 
MANLEY C. FISHER, Sergt. Lawrence, 26, s; machinist. Aug. 7, 62 Disch. 

disa. March 29, 65. 
GEORGE W. MORGAN, Sergt. Lawrence, 23, m; operative. July 14, 62. 

Killed in action, Apr. 8, 64, Sabine Cross Roads, La. 
SAMUEL RICHARDSON, Sergt. Lawrence, 36, m; carpenter, Aug. 6, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
ANDREW G. THOMPSON, Sergt. Lawrence, 28, m; farmer. Aug. 9, 62. 

Died Oct. 30, 62. 
WILLIAM G. WALKER, Sergt. Lawrence, 35, in; weaver, Aug. 8, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. 
JOHN CONNOLLY, Corp, Provincetown, 29, s; seaman. Jan. 5, 64. M.O. 

Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 



COMPANY B. xxv 

JEREMIAH DACY, Corp. Lawrence, 20, in; operative. Aug. 9, 02. Killed 

in action Apr. 8, 64, Sabine Cross Roads, La. 
ALBERT DEVLIN, Corp. Boston, 19, s; sasli maker. Nov. 20, 03. M. O. 

Sept 28, 05. 

JOHN J. DOHERTY, Corp. Boston, 21, clerk. Feb. 10, 04. M.O. Sept. 28, 05. 
WILLIAM S. DYER, Corp. Lawrence, 32, m ; plasterer. Aug. 8, 02. Discb. 

disa. May 23, 03. 
FRANCIS EDGAR, Corp. Halifax, Cr. Lexington, 21, s; mechanic. Dec. 1, 03. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 05. 
JOHN FLETCHER, Corp. Phila. Pa. Cr. Prescott, 23; blacksmith. April 

1, 04. M. O. Sept. 28, 05. 
ARTHUR M. HOLT, Corp. Lawrence, 19, s; butcher. Aug. (5, 02. Disch. 

May 20, 05. 
ELBRIDGE N. B. JOSLIN, Corp. Lawrence, 32, s; moulder, Aug. 7, 02 

Disch. May 20, 05 as private. 
ROBERT KING, Corp. Clinton, 45, m; teamster. J:in. 5, "05. Wounded Sept. 

19, 04. M. O. Sept. 28, 05. 
JAMES K. LOVEJOY, Corp. Lawrence, 21, m; farmer. Aug. s, (52. Killed 

in action Sept. 19, 04, Winchester, Va. 
FRANCIS LOVELL, Corp. Clinton, 24, m; weaver. Jan. 5, 04. Died Jan. 10, 

(55 at Andersonville, Ga. 
WILLIAM H. H. MORSE, Corp. Lawrence, 21, in; .shoemaker. Aug. 9, 02. 

Disch. disa. Oct. 2, 03. 
EDWIN E, NEWTON, Corp. Lawrence, 22, s; teamster. Aug. 0, (52. Killed 

in action, April 8, 04 at Sabine Cross Roads, La. 

JOSEPH D. PEABODY, Corp. Lynn, 28, m; shoemaker. Feb. 11, (54. M.O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
EDWARD G. PEARSONS, Corp. Lawrence, 20, s; operative. Aug. 5, 02. 

Disch. disa. Oct. 2, 03. 
JASON SMITH, Corp. Lawrence, 23, m; overseer. July 14, (52. Disch. 

disa. Jan. 18, (54, at New Orleans, La. Sub. serv. 

JOHN WALSH, Corp. Lawrence, 18, s; operative. July 15, (52. Disch. May 

20, 05. 
WILLIAM WILSON, Corp. Washington, N. Y. Cr. Prescott, 27, s ; miller, 

March 24, (54. M. O. Sept. 28, 05. 
DAVID WENTWORTH, Corp. Lawrence, 44, m; mason. Aug. 5, 02. Disch. 

May 20, 05. 
JAMES WITHINGTON, Corp. Lawrence, 45, m; carpenter. Aug. 18, 02. 

Killed in action May 15, (54. 
HENRY r F. FRENCH, wagoner, Lawrence, 37, m; teamster. Aug. 0, 02. 

Disch. disa. Feb. 20, 03. 



xxvi THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

CHARLES OWEN, farrier, Charlestown, 28, m; farrier. Nov. 27, 63. M. O. 
Sept. 28, T>5. 

GEORGE W. WESSON, bugler, Leicester, 19, s; shoemaker. Oct. 28, (13. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JOHN F. MALONEY, bugler, Methuen, 18, s; hatter. March 7, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
H. WILLARD FOSTER, musician, Lawrence, 18, s; painter. July 14, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
WILLIAM A. BAILEY, musician, Lawrence, 21, s; dresser. Aug. 6, 62. 

Disch. disa. Jan. 18, 64. 
AMOS POWERS, cook, en. Port Hudson, La., 40. Aug. 22, 63. M.O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
JOHN STEWART, cook, en. Port Hudson, La,, 21. July 1, 63. M. O. Sept- 

28, 65. 
THOMAS MOORE, cook, en. Port Hudson, La., 24. Aug. 23, 63. Deserted 

July 29, 65, Fort Leavenworth, Kan. 
SIMEON CHASE, cook, en. Port Hudson, La., 25. Aug. 28, 63. Deserted 

July 29, 62, Fort Lea venworth, Kan. 

JOSEPH ADAMS, en. Boxford, Oct. 27, 63. Disch. Nov. 30, 65. 
WALTER S. ADAMS, Lawrence, 18, s; printer. Sept. 4, 62. Killed in 

action Nov. 9, 63, White Plains, La. 
STILLMAN ALDRICH, E. Bridgewater, 36, m ; teamster. Sept. 4, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
HENRY D. ALLARD, Lawrence, 28, m; shoemaker. Sept. 4, 62. Disch. 

disa. Oct. 19, 63. 
EDWARD BAKER, Lawrence, 45, m; dresser. Aug. 12, 62. Died Aug. 12, 

63, Raton Rouge, La. 
JAMES F. BARNES, Clinton, 27, m; blacksmith. Jan. 5, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
ALEXANDER BARRIE, Lawrence, 21, s ; weaver. Aug. 8, 62. Disch. disa. 

July 2, (53. 

JOHN BEAN, Lawrence, 45, m; peddler, Aug. 2, 63. Disch disa. June 1, 63. 
THOMAS BELL, Lawrence, 25, s; spinner. Dec. 26, 62. Disch. Aug. 8, 65. 
LEWIS R. BENTON (VP^AZIE;, Alden, 21, s; laborer. Oct. 5, 64. M.O. 

Sept, 28, 65. 

JOSEPH BETHEL, Lawrence, 40, m; spinner. Aug. 11, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. 
GEORGE F. W. BILLINGS, Methuen, 28, m; carpenter. Aug. 11, 62. Disch. 

lisa. Feb. 20, 63, Baton Rouge, La. 

CHARLES BLANK, Boston, 21, s; carpenter. April 6, 64. M.O. Sept. 28, 65. 
ROBERT BLUMENTHAL, Boston, 23, s; farmer. Jan. 2, 64. Absent, sick, 
at M. O. of Regt. 



COMPANY B. xxvii 

HERBERT H. BRAGG, Boston, 21, clerk. July 15, 64. Disch. June 15, 65. 
JOSEPH J. BREED, Lvnn, 18, s; bookmaker. April 14, 64. Deserted Aug. 

9, 65 on march from Fort Leavenworth, Kan. 
SYLVESTER S. BREED, Lynn, 19, s. heeler. Feb. 29, 64. M. O. Nov. 7. 

65 to date Sept. 28, 65. 
JOHN B. BROWN, Lawrence, 28, m. wool sorter. Aug. 5, 62. Wounded 

Sept. 19, 64. Disch. May 20, 65. 

MOSES BROWN, Lawrence, 18, s; operative. Aug. 12, 62. Died March 2, 
63, New Orleans, La. 

LEWIS BRYANT, Lynn, 18, s ; shoemaker. Aug. 23, 62. Disch. disa. July 

17, 63. 
NATHANIEL B. BRVANT, Boston, 44, m; laborer. Jan. 27, 64. Disch. 

disa. Feb. 11, 65. 
JAMES J. BULL, Middletown, N. Y., Cr. Lexington, 21, s; clerk. March 

9, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
ELIJAH BULLOCK, England, Cr. Williamsburg, 27, s ; painter. Nov. 17, 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
DAVID BURKE, en. Boston, 26, s; laborer. Nov. 5, 63. Wounded Sept. 

19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 

MARTIN BURNS, Ireland, en. N. O., La., 29; soldier. Jan. 17, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. 

JOHN BUSCH, Newtown, L. I., Cr. Somerville, 34, s; farmer. Feb. 5, 64. 

M. O., Sept. 28, 65. 

JEREMIAH BUTLER, Boston, 21, s ; soldier. Dec. 14, 63. M.O. Sept. 28, 65. 
GEORGE W. CARR, Lawrence, 38, m ; moulder. Aug. 7, 62. Died about Fob 

19, 64, in prison at Richmond, Va. 
OWEN CARROLL, Worcester, 21, s; shoemaker. Jan. 16, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
JOHN CARRUTHERS Lawrence, 43, m ; paper-maker. Aug. 11, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
EDWIN E. CHASE, Lawrence, 19, s; operative. Aug. 14, 62. Disch. April 

13, 64. 
JOHN K. CLOUTMAN, Boston, 34m; expressman, Dec. 5, 63. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
PORTER COLBY, Nashua, N. H. Cr. Boston, 19, s; moulder. March 17, 64. 

Disch. June 10, 65. 
JAMES COOLICAN, S. Hanson, 24, m; shoemaker. Aug. 15, 62. Died Feb. 

25, 63, Baton Rouge, La. 
PATRICK CROSBY, Lawrence, 26, m; operative. Aug. 9, 62. Wounded 

Sept. 19, 64. Disch. May 20, 65. 
THOMAS CUMMINGS, Northumberland, N. H. Cr. Chelsea, 19; farmer. 

March 17, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65, 



xxviii THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

JOHN CURTIS, Ireland. En. New Orleans, La., 29; soldier. May 27, 62 
Disch. May 20, 65. 

SILAS H. CUTTING, Lawrence, 34, in; manufacturer. Aug. 7, 62. Deserted. 

Dec. 3, 62. 
JOHN DALY, Lawrence, 38, ra; stonecutter. Aug. 12, 62. Disch. Disa. 

Jan. 18, 64. 
JOHN DONNELLY, N. Cambridge, 24, m; laborer. Oct. 12, 63. M. O. 

Sept. 28. 65. Prior serv. 
MARK DAUGHTERY, Lawrence, 40, m ; laborer. Aug. 22, 62. Trans. Co. 

B, 9th Regt. V.R.C. and Disch. June 26, 65. 
BENJAMIN F, DAVENPORT, S. Boston, Cr. Clinton, 25, m ; upholsterer. 

Jan. 5, 64. Killed in action, Sept. 19, 64, Winchester, Va. 
SOLOMON DIGLER, Boston, 22, s ; farmer. Jan. 22, 64. Wounded Sept. 

19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 

JOHN DESSAUR, N. Y. Cr. Chelsea, 22, s; soldier. March 16, 64. 

Wounded Sept. 19, 64. Disch. disa. April 17, 65. 
FREDERICK DOCKRAY, Providence, R. I. Cr. Roxbury, 22, s; student. 

March 2, 64. Deserted July 12, 64, New Orleans, La. 
WESLEY W. DOW, Lawrence, 21, s ; clerk. Aug. 9, 62. Died Aug. 11, 63, 

near Port Hudson, La. 
JOHN DOYLE, Lawrence, 28, s; operative. Aug. 8, 62. Killed inaction, 

May 18, 64. Yellow Bayou, La. 
CALVIN, H, N. EDSON, Lawrence, 36; teamster. Aug. 8 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. 

CHARLES T. EMERY, Great Falls, N. H. Cr. Boston, 25, s; clerk. March 

30, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JOSEPH EMERY. Sheldon, Vt. Cr. Waltham, 28, m; farmer. March 3, 64. 

Deserted Aug. 1, 64, from Hosp. D. C. 
CHARLES FAUGUET, N. Y. Cr. Athol, 28, s; clerk, July 30, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
RICHARD FARREL, Stoughton, 18, s; boot maker. Dec. 29, 63. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 

MARTIN FAY, en. Roxbury, Cr. Springfield, 18, s; blacksmith. Nov. 10, 64. 
M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

MARTIN FELLAM, W. Rrookfield, s ; laborer. Feb. 26, 64. Wounded Sept. 

19, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JAMES A. FISHER, Lawrence, 24, m; blacksmith. Aug. 7, 62. Disch. May 

30, 65. 
CHARLES H. FOSTER, Lawrence, 35, m; farmer. Aug. 9, 62. Disch. May 

30, 65. 
WILLIAM H. FRIZZELL, Canaan, Vt. Cr. Rehoboth. 23, s; farmer. March 

17, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 



COMPANY B. xxix 

HENRY E. GARLIC, New Bedford, 18, s; seaman. Feb. 1, 64. Trans, to 
Co D, 9th Regt. V. R. C., June 18, 64. Disci), disa. Sept. 20, 65. 

JOSEPH HALL, Clinton, 20, s ; wire cutter. Jan. 5, 64. Died June 19, 
64, Morganzia, La. 

FRANK J. HANNAFORD, Charlestown, 24. Deo. 7, 63. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

DANIEL HART, Boston, 26, in; sailor. Dec. 8, 63. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

CHARLES H. HA.RTWELL, Clinton, 32, tn ; shoemaker. Jan. 5, 64. Disch. 

disa. Oct. 26, 64. 

ALJIN HASKELL, Boston, 22, s; seaman. Nov. 22, 61. Re-en. Feb. 19, 64. 
* M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
CHARLES IIENTHORNE, Lawrence, 38, in; operative. Aug. 14. 62. Trans. 

to Co. I, 3rd Regt. V.R.C., March 1, 64. Died April 28, 65, Norwich, N. Y. 
SYLVESTER HIGGINS, Lawrence, 27, in; carpenter. Aug. 7, 62. Disch. 

disa. Jan. 18, (34. 

GEORGE H. HIXCKS, en. New Orleans, La., 23; butcher. June 14, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
ABRAHAM D. HOAK, en. New Orleans, La., 26; carpenter. Nov. 25, 62. 

Died at Tyler, Texas, while prisoner of war. 
JOSEPH G. HODGSON, North Attleboro, 40, m; engineer. Feb. 25, 64. 

Disch. July 29, 65. 
JOHN M. HODSDON, Lawrence. 40, m ; teamster. Aug. 11, 62. Disch. disa. 

Dec. 2, 62. 
JOSEPH HOFF, en. New Orleans, La., 31; soldier. June 12. 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. 
THOMAS H. HOLLAND, Medford, 18, conductor. Jan. 4, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, (55. 
AMOS L. HOLT, Methuen, 27, in; hatter. Feb. 15, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

QEORGE O. HOWARD, Clinton, 18, s ; dentist. Jan. 5, 64. Disch. disa. 

July 5, 65. 
PATRICK HOWARD, Lawrence, 22, m ; operative. Aug. 8, 62. Deserted 

Nov. 13, 62, New York City. 
JAMES N. HUNTINGTON, Lawrence, 22, m; operative. Aug. 9, 62. Disch. 

disa. Nov. 14, 63. 
WILLIAM A. HUNTER. Lawrence, 16, s; operative. Aug. 9, 62. Trans. 

Co. K, 14th Regt. V.R.C., March 1, 64.. Disch. June 28, 65. 
WILLIAM HUNTER, Lawrence, 45, m; operative. Aug. 9, 62. Disch. 

disa. Oct. 8, (53. 
FREDERICK C. JACOBSON, Newark, N. J. Cr. Boston, 20, s ; farmer. 

Feb. 16, 64. Deserted June, 65, Cloud s Mills, Va. 
PHILANDER KEITH, Jr., New Bedford. 33, s; seaman. Feb. 1, 64, M. O. 

Sept. 28, <>5. 



xxx THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

PATRICK KELLEHER, Lawrence, 21, a ; carpenter, Feb. 27, 64. Disch. 

Sentence of G. C. M. Dec. 15, 65. 
THOMAS KERWIN, S. Andover, 30, m; spinner. Aug. 11, 62. Disch. 

May, 20, 65. 
ADDISON KINGSBURY, Boston, 25, in ; carpenter. March 5, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
GEORGE H. LAMPHIR, Lynn, 18 s; student. Aug. 25, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 

WILLIAM S. LEASE, Boston, 33, m ; mariner. Feb. 15, 64. Deserted July 

65. 

JOHN P. LEAVITT, Lynn, 18, a; laborer. Feb. 17, 64. Disch. Aug. 8, 65. 
JOSEPH S. LEAVITT, S. Hanson, 24 ; tackmaker. Aug. 15, 62. Disch* 

May 20, 65. 
WALTER, LEMON, Lawrence, 22, in; operative. Aug. 9, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. 
JAMES LOVERWELL, Abington, 21, s; shoemaker. Dec. 16, 64, M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
SQUIRE HENRY H. L17CAS, New Bedford, 31, s; messenger. Ang. 18, 62. 

Disch. May 20, .65. 
JOHN LYONS, S. Hanson, 31, m; shoemaker. Aug. 15, 62. Died Sept. 29, 

63, Port Hudson, La. 
FREDERICK MAASS, en. New Orleans, La. 25; farmer. Sept. 22/62. Disch. 

June 10, 65. 
GEORGE E. MAYNARD, Berlin, 24, m ; farmer. Jan. 5, 64. Trans. Co. K, 

14th Regt., V. R. C. March 2, 65. DUch. Oct. 30, 65. 
JOHN McCULLOUGH, Lawrence, 26, m ; dresser. Aug. 12, 62. Wounded 

Oct. 64. Disch. disa. Feb. 16, 65. 
MICHAEL McDONALD, Lawrence, 28, m ; operative. Aug. 11, 62. Died 

Sept. 29, 63, Port Hudson, La. 
JAMES McLAUGHLIN, Boston, 21, s ; shoemaker. Dec. 1, 63. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
JOHN McQUEENEY, Lawrence, 30, m; laborer. Aug. 11, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. 

WILLIAM MERRILL, 42, m; carpenter, Aug. 18, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 
DEAN R. MARTIN, Newburyport, 38, m; trader. Nov. 9, 63. Killed in 

action April 8, 64, at Sabine Cross Roads, La. Prior serv. 

SAMUEL S. MOREY, Lawrence, 36, m; miller. Jan. 4, 64. Disch. Aug. 1, 

65. 
CHARLES MORGAN, Farley, Vt. En. Worcester, 22, s; farmer. Nov. 5, 

63, M. O. Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 
JOHN P. MORGAN, Lawrence; 23, s; farmer. Sept. 11, 62. Disch. disa. 

Oct. 28, 63. 



COMPANY B. xxxi 

JOHN MORIARTY, JR, Lawrence, 18, s ; operative. Aug. 15, 02. Disch. 

May 20, 05. 
HIRAM S. MORRISON, Lawrence, 33, m ; mason. Aug. 10, 62. Disch. May 

20, (55. 
JOHN MULCARE, Lawrence, 18, s; operative, Aug. 9, 02. Disch. May 

20, 05. 
LAWRENCE MURPHY, Boston, 22, s; hostler. July 19, "04. Disch. Oct. 

3, 05. 
DANIEL MYERS, en. New Orleans, La. 22, soldier. June 1, 02. Disch. 

May 25, (55. 

HARVEY NORTHEY, Guildhall, Vt. Cr. Roxbury, 18,s; farmer. March 15, 
04. M. O. Sept. 28, 05. 

DENNIS O BRIEN, Lawrence, 19, s; operative. Sept. 4. 02. Disch. May 

20, 65. 
THOMAS O BRIEN, Lawrence, 18, s ; operative. July 24, 02. Disch. May 

20, 05. 

TIMOTHY O LARY, Cambridge, 22 s; clerk, Sept. 0, 04. M.O. Sept. 28, 05. 
LOUIS OULMAN, Brookline, 18, s ; seaman. Dec. 5, 03. M. O. Sept. 28, 05. 
TYLER PAINE, Berlin, 38, s; farmer. Jan. 5, 04. Died June 15, 04, New 

Orleans, La. 
WILLIAM PEARSONS, New Bedford, 20, m; ropemaker, July 22, 02. Killed 

in action Aug. 3, 63, Jackson, La. 
JOHN PETTIGREW, Lawrence, 32, m ; moulder. Aug-. 5, (52. Disch. May 

20, 65. 
JOHN W. POLAND, Pittsburg, Pa. Cr. Prescott, 32, m; clerk. Apr. 1, 04. 

Deserted Aug. 10, 04. Winchester, Va. 
THOMAS POWERS, Lawrence, 35, m; laborer. Aug. 5, 02. Disch. May 20, 

05. 
JAMES QUINN, Boston, 18, s; grocer. Dec. 31, 03. M. O. Sept. 28, (55. 

WARREN RAMSDELL, Lynn, 19 s ; shoemaker. Aug. 23, 02. Disch. disa. 

Aug. 28, 04. 
JAMES REDMAN, Lawrence, 32, m; fireman. Aug. 12, 02. Disch. disa. 

Nov. 20, 03. 
JOHN F. RIDLEY, S. Andover, 22, s ; clerk. Aug. 9, 02. Trans, to Sig. 

Corps. Aug. 10, 04. Disch. July 4, 05. 
PATRICK RILEY, Lawrence, 34, s; laborer. Aug. 11, 02. Disch. disa. Jan. 

18, ( A. 
JOHN ROBBINS, Berlin, 36, m; shoemaker. Jan. 5, 04. Disch. May 30, 05. 

HORATIO G. ROBINSON, Lawrence, 18, s; bookkeeper. Aug. 8, 02. Disch. 
disa. May 12, 03. 



xxxii THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

NATHANIEL D. ROBINSON 4 Lawrence, 32, m ; tinsmith. Jan. 4, 64. 

Wounded Sept. 19, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. Unof. 

PETER ROGERS, Waltham, 35, m; laborer. Aug. 29, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JOHN ROSTRON, Lawrence, 37, m ; barber. Aug. 12, 62. Disch. disa, Nov. 

20, 63. 

JOHN RYAN, Boston, 26, s ; shoemaker. Dec. 14, 63. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
WILLIAM B. SEYMOUR, Brookline, 39, m; nurse. Dec. 5, 63. Dishon. 

disch. Dec, 15, 65. 
AMOS SIMPSON, Bangor, Me., Cr. Dartmouth, 22, s; seaman. Nov. 11, 64. 

Disch. Aug. 8, 65. 
C ALLEN SMITH, Lawrence, 18, s ; clerk. Aug. 14, 62. Killed in action 

Aug. 3, 63, Jackson, La. 
JAMES STERLING, Lawrence, 38, in; shoemaker. Aug. 4, G2. Disch. May 

20, 65. 
JAMES H. STEVENS, Elliott, Me. Cr. Somerset, 21, s; fisherman. April 9, 

64. Deserted Aug. 23, 65, Fort Kearney, N. T. 
HOOD A. STONE, Lawrence, 18, m; operative. Aug. 9, 62. Dis ch. June 

6, 65. 
THOMAS SULLIVAN, Kerry, Ire. en. Boston, 24, s; laborer. Nov. 14, 63. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
PETER TAYLOR, E. Cambridge, 18, s; waiter. Jan. 22, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
ALIC TERRIO, Lawrence, 25, m; painter. Aug. 16, 62. Trans. V. R. C. 

March 19, 64. M. O. Aug. 3, 65. 
RICHARD THOMAS, Lawrence, 43, in; operative. Aug. 18, 62. Trans. Co. 

K, 14th Regt. V.R.C., March 1, 64. Disch. June 28, 65, 
FRANCIS TO VARY, Lowell, 45, s; machinist. Aug. 11, 62. Disch. May 

20, 64. 
HIRAM TUCKER, Providence, R.I. Cr. Norton. 19, s; seaman. Dec. 12, 63. 

Wounded Sept. 19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
THOMAS TUFTS, Maiden, 25, m; depot master. Dec. 2, 63. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
LEWIS VAYON, en. Opelousas, La. 18, May 1, 63. Wounded Sept. 19, 64. 

Deserted July 5, 65- 
WALDEN WEBSTER, JR., Lawrence, 18, s; painter. Aug. 11, 62. Trans. 

V.R.O. March 1, 64. 
WILLIAM E. WESTON, Boston, 23, s; teamster. Feb. 7, (54. Absent, sick, 

at M. O. Regt. 
ALVIN L. WHEELER, Stratford, 18, s ; farmer. March 17, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
OLIVER P. WHEELER, Berlin, 42, m; farmer.- Jan. 5, 64. Trans, to 12th 

Co. 2nd Batt. V.R.C. June 18, (54. Disch disa. Oct. 4, 65. 



COMPANY B. xxxiii 

WILLIAM O. WHITE, Lynn, 18, s; shoemaker. Aug. 3, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
ROBERT WHITSITT, Boston, 19, s; photographer. Jan. 25, 64. Disch. disa. 

April 11, 65. 
WILLIAM J. WILSON, Lawrence, 19, s ; operative. Aug. 16, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. 
PHILIP WIRTH, en. Taunton, 21; tailor. Dec. 15, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

DAVID WRIGHT, Lawrence, 18, s ; operative. Aug. 18, 62. Disch. disa. 

Nov. 20, 63. 
GEORGE A. WRIGHT, Lawrence, 23, s; operative. Aug. 12, 62. Disch. 

Aug. 64. 

PARAN C. YOUNG, Provincetown, 25, s; seaman. Jan. 4, 64. Wounded 
Oct. 19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

CONRAD ZITTELL, Boston, 22, a; cabinet maker. March 31, 64. M. O. 
Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 



COMPANY C. 



NATHAN G. SMITH, 1st Sergt. Roxbury, 22, s ; ice dealer. Aug. 15, 62. 

Disch. for promotion Dec. 29, G3. Capt. 75th Regt. U. S.C. Inf. M. O, 

Nov. 25, 65. 
ALFRED W. BULLOCK, 1st Sergt. Boston, 42, m ; shoe dealer. Aug. 20, 62. 

Disch. (lisa. Dec. 19, 64. 

JEROD GEILS, 1st Sergt. Tisbury, 27; farmer. Aug. 27, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 
GEORGE S. CLEVELAND, Q. M. Sergt. Boston, 19, s; seaman. Oct. 10, 61. 

Re-en. Feb. 19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JAMES E. CLANCY, Com. Sergt. Gloucester, 19, in; fisherman. Nov. 18, 

61. Re-en. Feb. 19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
ZECHARIAH BOOTH, Sergt. New Bedford 26, m; laborer. Aug. 22, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
THOMAS F. BURRAGE, Sergt. Roxbury, 28, rn; varnish dealer. Aug. 15, 

62. Disch. April 28, 63, Baton Houge, La. 
GEORGE D. COX, Sergt. Roxbury, 27. m; builder. Aug. 18, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. 
HORACE P. FLINT, Sergt. Roxbury, 20, s; clerk. Aug. 15, 62. Disch. for 

promotion Dec. 29, 63. 2nd Lieut. Co. H, 75th Regt. U.S.C.T., Dec. 21, 63. 

Resigned July 18, 64. 
EDWARD JOHNSON, Sergt. New Bedford, 27, s; seaman. Aug. 22, 62. 

Killed in action May 1, 64, Alexandria, Va. 
JOHN J. KELLEY, Sergt. Boston, 31, m ; shoemaker. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. 

disa. Jan. 18, 64. 
JOHN MALONEY (1ST), Sergt. Harland, 23, m; shoemaker. March 30, 64- 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JAMES H. PRATT, Sergt. Roxbury, 26, m ; teamster. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. 
JOHN W. RAY, Sergt., Georgetown, 18, s; shoemaker. Nov. 15, 61. Re-en. 

Feb. 19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JAMES K. RUMRILL, Sergt. Roxbury, 32, m ; fresco painter. Aug. 22, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
CHARLES B. STONE, Sergt. Roxbury, 22, s; clerk. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. 

for promotion 63. Trans, to N.C.S. 
THOMAS A. WEST, Sergt. Tisbury, Martha s Vineyard, 19, s; farmer. Aug. 

27, 62. Killed in action Sept. 19, 64, Winchester, Va. 



COMPANY C. xxxv 

CLARENCE WHITNEY, Sergt. Framingham, 25, in; tradesman. Aug. 22. 62. 

Disch. (lisa. Aug. 24, 63. 
JOSEPH H. W. BARTLETT, Corp. Roxbury, 22, in; undertaker. Aug. 20, 

62. Disch. disa. June 30, 63. 
THOMAS H. BRADLEY, Corp. Roxbury. 20, s: machinist. Aug. 15, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
WILLIAM A. CARY, Corp. S. Boston, 18, s; machinist. Jan. 12, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 

JOSEPH COLEMAN, Corp. N. Chelsea. 18, s; shoemaker. Dec. 6, 63. M. O. 
Sept. 28, 65. 

CHARLES H. ELMER, Corp. Lynn, 19, s; shoemaker. Feb. 10, 64. Wounded 
Sept. 19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

HENRY FEETHAM, Corp. Cambridge, 25, m; carpenter. Feb. 4, 64. M. O. 
Sept. 28, 65. 

WILLIAM T. GIFFORD, Corp. New Bedford, 23, m; candle dealer. Aug. 
21, 62. Disch. disa. May 20, 65. 

THOMAS HARLOW, Corp. Roxbury, 22, m ; photographer. Aug. 22, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
PATRICK HONAN, Corp. Roxbury, 26, m; engineer. Dec. 7, 63. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 

CHARLES M. LEAVITT, Corp. S. Scituate, 18, s ; shoemaker. Dec. 4. 63. 
M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

CHARLES T. MURRAY, Corp. Roxbury, 28, m ; upholsterer. Aug. 16. 62. 

Disch. disa. Jan. 18, 64. 
OLIVER J. PUTNAM, Corp. Leominster, ID, s; carpenter. Nov. 13, (51. 

Re-en. Feb. 19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
J. FRANKLIN SMITH, Corp. Boston, 28, s; plate printer. Aug. 22, 62. 

Died July 19, 64, St. Louis, Mo. 
AMOS W. STAPLES, Corp. New Bedford, 31, m; carpenter. Aug. 22. 62- 

Trans, to V. R. C., March 1, 64. 

J. GUSHING THOMAS, Corp. Roxbury, 27. s; carriage dealer. Aug. 22, 62. 

Disch. disa, Jan. 18, 63. 

JAMES K. EWER, bugler, Hyaunis, 16, s ; clerk. Aug. 20, 62. Wounded 
4 May 1, 64, Pineyville, La. Trans, to Co. I, 24th Regt. V. R. C., March 1, 

64. M. O. June 27, 65. 
HARRY MERRILL, bugler, Bangor, Me. Cr. Norton, 21, s; seaman. Dec. 14, 

63. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
PETER SHOEN, bugler, en. N. O., La., 18. Nov. 11, 62. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

JOHN MORAN, drummer, Roxbury, 17, s; trimmer. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. disa. 
Feb. 19, 63. 



xxxvi THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

WILLIAM TRACY, drummer, Roxbury, 16, s ; no occupation. Aug. 22, 62. 
Died Feb. 14, 64. N. O. La. 

GEORGE WHITE, saddler, Boston. 29, in; shoemaker. Feb. 4, 64. M. O. 
Nov. 18, 65. 

J. MONROE MANNING, cook. en. Alexandria, 27. May 10, 63. M. O. Sept. 
28, 65. 

JAMES HENRY, cook, en. Port Hudson, La. Aug. 28, 63. M.O. Sept. 28, 65- 

SAMUEL HATCHER, cook, en. Port Hudson, La. Aug. 28, 63. Disci). July 
26, 65. 

FRANK WARD, cook, en. Port Hudson, La., 22. July 10, 63. Deserted July 
13, 64, Algiers, La. 

RUSH T. ALDEN, Halifax, 27; farmer. Aug. 15, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 
HENRY C. BACHELOR, Bowdoin, Me. Cr. Springfield, 33, s ; armorer. Jan. 
1, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

WILLIAM J. BARROWS, Tauntou, 23, s ; shoemaker. Dec. 28, 63. M. O. 
Sept. 28, 65. 

HENRY BAUER, New York, Cr. Chelsea, 31, m ; gardener. July 22, 64. M. 
O. Sept. 28, 65. 

JOHN C. BEAN, New Bedford, 33, s; farmer. Aug. 22, 62. Died July 5, 63, 
Baton Rouge, La. 

GEORGE W. BELL, Roxbury, 19, s; plasterer. Aug. 19, 62. Wounded Oct. 

64. Disch . Aug. 17, 65. 
JOHN BELL, Roxbury, 32, m ; soldier. Oct. 24, 62. Deserted Nov. 19, 62, 

Jamaica, L. I. 

ROBERT BELL, Roxbury, 29, m ; teamster. Jan. 4, 64. Wounded. Disch. 

because of wounds, July 1, 64. 
WILLIAM BELL, Roxbury, 18, s; shoemaker. Aug. 19, 62. Wounded Sept. 

19, 64. Disch. May 30, 65. 
DAVID W. BENSON, Tisbury, m; spinner. Aug. 19, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 

JOSEPH G. BICKHAM, Phila, Pa. Cr. Norton, 24. s; seaman. Dec. 12, 63. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
HORATIO BILLS, Roxbury, 26, m; printer. March 24, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
CHARLES C. BLACK, Columo, Me. Cr. Roxbury, 25, s; coachman. Jan. 5, 

64. Died July 17, 64, Natchez, Miss. 

NICHOLAS BOECK, Boston, 24, s; tailor. July 22, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
WILLIAM F. BOOKER, Roxbury, 22, s; teamster. Dec. 12, 63. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
HENRY L. BOSWORTH, Jr., New Bedford 18, s ; clerk. Aug. 22, 62. Killed 

in action Sept. 19, 64, Winchester, Va. 



COMPANY C. xxxvii 

JOHN BOWERS, en. N. O. La., 34; tailor. May 12, 62. Disch. May 18, 65. 
JAMES BRADY, Roxbury, 19, s; ropemaker. Aug. 16, 02. Disch. May 20, 65. 

WILLIAM BURKE, Roxbury, 31, m: sailor. Aug. 15, G2. Disch. disa. Jan. 

18, 64. 
HENRY C. BURNETT, Somerville, 38, 8; laborer. Jan. 1, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. Prior serv. 

ANDREW P. CARD, Lynn, 26, m ; shoemaker. Feb. 13, G4. Disch. Aug. 

24. 65. 
JOHN CARR, Roxbury, 19, s ; laborer. Dec. 21, 63. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. Prior 

serv. 

JAMES F. CHICKERING, Southboro, 18, s; shoemaker. Feb. 25, 64 M.O. 

S^pt. 28, 65. 
ANDREW P. COBB, Hyannis, 18, s; clerk. Aug. 20, 62. Died Jan. 18, 63, 

Sabine Pass, La. 
PATRICK COLE, Roxbury, 30, s; tailor. Dec. 26, 63. Wounded Oct. 64, 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
FRANK E. COMMON, Lowell, 24, JM ; harness maker. Dec. 8, 61. Disch. 

Dec. 8, 64. 
JUDAX H. COX, Roxbury^ 22, s; carpenter. Aug. 20, 02. Disch. May 20/65. 

MICHAEL GRAHAM, Roxbury, 18, s; ropemaker. Aug. 20, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. 

JAREI) W. CROWELL, Holmes Hole, 25; carpenter. Sept. 4, 62. Disch. 

disa. J*n. 18. 64. 
WILLIAM S.DALY, Halifax, 19, s ; shoemaker. Aug. 20, 62. Disch. May 

21, 65. 

WILLIAM DANE, Roxbury, 45, m; laborer. Aug. 20, 62. Killed inaction 

June 15, 63, near Port Hudson, La. 
LUKE DORR, Roxbury, 24, s; mason. Aug. 20, 62. Killed iD action Sept. 

22, 64, Fisher s Hill, Va. 

ADAM DEBUS, Attleboro, 23 m ; blacksmith. Jan. 4, 64. Deserted Aug. 25, 
65, Fort Kearney, N. T. 

DENNIS DESMOND, Boston, 18, s ; laborer. Oct. 20, 63. Deserted July 26, 

65, Fort Kearney, N. T. 
CHARLES L. DODGE. Lynn, 18, s ; shoemaker. Feb. 10, 64. Wounded 

Sept. 19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, (55. 
GEORGE W. DODGE, Lynn, 22, s ; shoemaker. Feb. 10, 64. Killed in 

action, Oct. 19, 64. 
PATRICK DOHERTY, Wobupn. 21, s; laborer. April 23, 64. Disch. disa. 

July 29, 65. 
JAMES DOW, Roxbury, 25, s; laborer. Dec. 10, 63. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 



xxxviii THIKD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

SAMUEL II. DOW, Tisbury, 35, m ; farmer. Sept. 4, 62. Disch. (lisa. 
May 24, 63. 

JOSEPH ELLIOTT, New Bedford, 25, seaman. Aug. 20, 62. Killed in 
action, May 1, 64, near Alexandria, Va. 

THEOBALD FLUCK, Roxbury, 27, m ; brewer. ^Aug. 20, 62. Deserted Dec. 
2, 62, L. I. 

JOHN H. FOSS, Roxbury, 34, m; porter. Aug. 20, 62. Discb. disa. Nuv 
M, 63. 

JOHN GARRITY, Roxbury, 44, in; painter. Aug. 20, 62. Disch. disa. Oct. 
14, 63. 

JOHN GAVIN, Roxbury, 18, s; shoemaker. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. May 20, 
65. 

MONROE GEORGE, W. Roxbury, 38, m ; laborer. Aug. 22, 62. Died May 14, 

63 at Brozier, La. 
GEORGE A. S, GODDARD, Florida, 21, in; teamster. Feb. 25, 64. Wounded 

Oct. 64. Disch. Aug. 18, 65. 
JOHN GRAY, Boston, Or. Dorchester, 20, s; merchant. Jan. 19, 64. Wounded 

Sept. 19, 64. Disch. Aug. 1, (55. 

LEWIS GREEN, W. Roxbury, 42, m; farmer. Aug. 22, 62. Trans. 22nd Co. 

2nd Batt. V.R.C. Disch. Sept. 5, 65. 
WILLIAM A. GUTTERSON, Lynn, 21, s; teamster. Feb. 11, 64. Wounded 

Sept. 19, 64. Disch. Aug. 18, 65. 

JOHN HEFT, Tisbury, 40; seaman. Aug. 27, 62. Disch. disa. Aug. 27, 63. 
PATRICK W. HEFFRON, Roxbury, 19, s; gardener. Sept. 5, 62. Killed in 

action Nov. 30, 63, near Port Hudson, La. 
WILHELM HENER, Prussia, Cr. New Bedford, 21, s; seaman. Jan. 9, 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28. 65. 
LEONARD F. HERSEY, Roxbury, 22, s; lithographer. Dec. 8, 63. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
JOHN HICKEY, Roxbury, 23, s; seaman. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. disa. Sept. 

1, 63. 
PATRICK HICKEY, Worcester, 19, s; laborer. Jan. 27, 64. Disch. Aug. 18, 

65. 
JOHN HOFFER, New Bedford, 28, s; cooper. Aug. 22, 62. Deserted, Dec. 2, 

62, L. I., N.Y. 
HOWLAND W. HOLLIS, Lynn, 23, s; milkman. Feb 15, 64. Wounded 

Spt. 19, 64. Died June 9, 65. 
NATHANIEL HOWIS, Roxbury, 19, s; weaver. Dec. 10, 63. Disch. disa. 

Aug. 1, 65. 
WALTER F. HOWLAND, Fair Haven, 24, s; seaman. March 5, 64. 

Wounded Sept. 19. 64. Disch. July 20, 65. 



COMPANY C. xxxix 

THOMAS HUGHES, New Bedford, 40, ui ; weaver. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. disa. 
Sept. 14, 63. 

THOMAS J. HYLAND, Roxbury, 17, s; clerk. Aug. 22, 62. Wounded Sept. 

19, 64. Trans. 2nd Batt. V. R. C. Disch. June 26, (in. 

CHARLES A. JERMISON, Belmont, 24, m; machinist. Nov. 3, 63. Disch. 

Aug. 18, 65. Prior serv. 
EDWARD KEEFE, St. Johns, N. B. Cr. New Bedford, 19, s. seaman. Jan. 

12, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
HENRY KELLEY, New Bedford, 27, s ; seaman. Aug. 22, (52. Trans, to 

Navy, July 31, 64. 

MICHAEL KELLY, Roxbury, 18, s ; lithographer. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. 

PETER KELLY, Roxbury, 38, m; stone mason. Dec. 24, 63. M. O. Sept 28. 

65. 
PATRICK KENNEY, Roxbury, 25, m; groom. Dec. 31, 63. M. O. Sept. 28, 

65. 
JAMES KILLEEN, Roxbury, 25, S; metal worker. Aug. 22. 62. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
JAMES F. KILLION, Roxbury, 19, s; teamster. March 22, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
MOSES KIMBALL, Lynn, 23, s; mariner. Feb. 13, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

JAMES KING, Roxbury, 44, m ; laborer. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. disa. Jan. 18, 

64. 
DANIEL T. LEARY, New Bedford, 19, s; laborer. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. disa. 

Jan. 18, 64. 
DENNIS LOWNEY, New Bedford, 40, ra; laborer. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. disa. 

Jan. 18, 64. 

HENRY B. LOVEIUNG, Lynn, 23, s; shoemaker. Feb. 15, 64. Wounded 
Sept. 19, 64. .Disch. disa. June 10, 65. 

ASA R. LUCE, Tislmry, 29, in; farmer. Aug. 27, 62. Disch. Aug. 17, 65. 
LEWIS P. LUCE, New Bedford, 21, s; farmer. Aug. 27, 62. Died Aug. 20, 
63, Baton Rouge, La. 

AUSTIN E. LUTHER, Hanson. 28, m; farmer. Dec. 31, 63. Died April 5, 

64, N. O. La. 
GEORGE P. MACOMBER, New Bedford, 18, s ; carriage maker. Aug. 22, 

62. Disch. June 5, 65. 

JOHN MANSFIELD, Boston, Cr. Winchendon, 22, s; shoemaker. Feb. 2, 64. 

M. O. Sep.. 28, 65. 
ARTHUR MARTIN, Montreal, Can. Cr. Norton, 21, s ; hostler. Feb. 4, 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 



xl THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVAL-RY 

JOSEPH B. M A YHE \Y, Chilinark, M. Vineyard, 21, s; farmer. Aug. 26, 62. 

Disch. disa. Aug. 5, 63. 
TIMOTHY MAYHEW, Chilmark, M. Vineyard, 37, m; seaman. Aug. 26, 62. 

Died Sept. 18, 63, Port Hudson, La. 
JAMES McCUEN, Roxlmry, 19, s ; currier. Aug. 22, 62. Killed in action 

Sept. 19, 64, Winchester, Va. 
JAMES MeGINNIS, Phila, Pa. Cr. Norton, 19, s; seaman. Dec. 12, 63. Disch. 

disa. by reason of wounds, July 16, 64. 
WILLIAM McKINNON, Roxbury, 32, m; carpenter. Feb. 2, 64. Died July 18, 

64, N. O., La. 
JAMES McMANN, N. Y. Cr. Barre, 31, s; clerk. March 30, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28. 65. 
WIILLAM McNULTY, Roxbury, 20, s; painter. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. May 20, 

65. 
CHARLES S. MERRILL, Corinth, Me. Cr. Norton, 22, s; seaman. Dec. 14, 

63. Disch. Aug. 18, 65. 

THOMAS MINTZ, Roxbury, 21, s; farmer. Aug. 22, 62 Disch. May 20, 65. 
MICHAEL J. MORAN, Roxbury, 35, m; machinist. Aug 22, 62. Trans, to 

Co. K. 3rd Regt. V.R.C., March 1, 64. Disch. July 5, 65. 
WILLIAM H. MORRIS, Phila. Pa. Cr. Boston, 23, s; clerk. March 7, 64. 

Deserted Aug. 17, ( A, in Shenandoah Valley, Va. 

JOHN B. MORROW, Roxbury, 18, s; moulder. Jan. 4, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
MICHAEL E. MURPHY, Lynn, 22, s ; shoemaker. Feb. 10, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 

THOMAS MURPHY, Roxbury, 21, s; clerk. Dec. 8, 63. M. O.. Sept. 28, 65. 
ALBERT NEGUS, New Bedford, 33, m; farmer. Aug. 26, 62. Disch. June 

10, 65. 
ALEXANDER NEGUS, New Bedford, 33, m ; seaman. Aug. 22, 62. Trans. 

to Navy July 31, 64. Disch. from U.S.S. " Wiuona June 9, 65, as Q. M. 

JOHN NEVILLE, New Bedford, 27, s; seaman. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. 
THOMAS NORTON, New Bedford, 27, s; laborer. Aug. 22, 62. Wounded 

Sept. 19, 64. DLsch. May 19, 65. 
ALFRED NOYES. Disch. Aug. 17, 65. 
SIMON NOYES, Roxbury, 43, m; ropemaker. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. disa. 

Jan. 18, 64. 
FRANKLIN NYE, New Bedford, 2(5, m ; ropemaker; Aug. 22, 62. Killed in 

action, Nov. 30, 63, near Port Hudson, La. 
WILLIAM O BRIEN, Roxbury, 18, s; porter. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. Sept. 

30, 63, Port Hudson, La. 
MICHAEL O NEIL, Roxbury, 30, s; upholsterer. Oct. 24, 62. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 



COMPANY C. xli 

RICHARD PHINNEY, en. New Orleans, La., 19. Feb. 1, 64. M.O. Sept. 28, 

65. Prior serv. 

JERRY QUINLAN, Roxbury, 40, ra; laborer. Aug. 25/62. Disch. May 19/65. 
JOHX RAINEY, Roxbury, 22, s; plasterer. Jan. 7, 64. Disch. June 9, (X. 
F. RENO, died in rebel prison, July 17, 65, Tyler, Texas. Unof. 
FREEMAN REYNOLDS, Pembroke, Me., Cr. Boston, 18. s ; farmer. Nov. 27, 

61. Re-en. Feb. 19, 64. Disch. July 17, 64, at Tyler, Texas, prisoner of 

war. 
FR.VXKLEN R. ROUNDY, Buckingham, Vt. Cr. Boston, 18, s; farmer. Dec- 

7, 6, }. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JOHN RYAN, East Bridgewater, Cr. Weyiuoutb, 35, s; bootmaker. Dec. 

26, 63. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
HENRY SCHMITT, Boston, Cr. Charlestown, 30, s; farmer. Jan. 2, 64. 

Deserted Aug. 24, 65, Ft. Kearney, N. T. 
WILLIAM SHIRLOCK, Albany, Cr. Northampton, 43, s; farmer. July 18/64. 

Wounded Oct. 19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
ROBERT M. SLOAN, Franklin, N. Y., 37, m; saddler. Oct. 24, 63. Disch. 

Oct. 8, 65. Prior serv. 
WILLIAM C. SMITH, Ch:irle<town, 30, m; soldier. Jan. 5, 64. Wounded 

Sept. 19, 64. Disch. disa. Jan. 17, 65. 
JAMES B. STEELE, Boston, 20, a; salesman. Aug. 22, 62. Died Jan. 29, 63, 

at Baton Roiig i, La. 
DAVID STODDARD, E. Abington, 42, m; seaman. Jan. 5, 64. Trans. t o 

49th Co. 2nd Batt. V. R. C., and Disch. disa. Jan. 25, 65. 

DAVID STONE, Spencer, 31, m; bootmaker. Dec. 4, 63. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
GEORGE C. H. STRENCH, Boston, Cr. Roxbury, 25, s; paper stainer. Dec. 

12, 63. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
WILLIAM H. SWIFT, Roxbury, 22, m; printer. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. dNa. 

Feb. 19, 63. 
WIILLAM SWIFT, Pawtucket, Cr. Attleboro. 21, s; jeweller. Jan. 6. 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

JAMES M. TARBOX, Lynn, 19, s; machinist. Feb. 10/64. M.O. Sept. 28/65. 
GEORGE THOMAS, New Bedford, 44, s; seaman. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. Oct. 

12, 63. 
JEREMIAH THOMAS, Boston, 42, m; shoemaker. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. 
WILLIAM F. THORNTON, Bjston, Cr. Roxbury, 22, s; gilder. Dec. 12, 63. 

Disch. July 7, 64. 
ADONIRAM J. TOWNSEND, Brownington,Vt., Cr. Randolph, 29, in; farmer. 

March 25, 64. Died, prisoner of war, Salisbury, N. C., Nov. 17, 64. 
JOHN TURNER. New Bedford, 29, m; laborer. Aug. 22, 62. Deserted Nov. 

22, 62, Long Island, N, Y. 



xlii THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

WILLIAM TURNER, Roxbury, 42, m; upholsterer. Aug. 22, T>2. Disch. disa. 

Jan. 18, 64. 
RICHARD TURPIN, Eu. New Orleans, La., 22. May 29, V>2. Wounded Oct. 

64. Disch. Aug. 17, 65. 
BERNARD VAN HANSINGER, New Bedford, 28. Jan. 0. 04. M. O. Sept. 

28, M>5. 

JAMES P. VOGELL, Roxbury, 40, m. cabinet maker. Aug 22, 62. Disch. 

Dec. 64. 
CHARLES If. WALKUPP, Ashland, Cr. South boro, 18, s; shoemaker. Feb. 

29, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

JAMES WARD, Roxbury, 27, s; grocer. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 
MARTIN WARD, Roxbury, 23, s; grocer. Aug. 22, 62. Deserted Nov. 10, 

62, Long Island, N. Y. 
PATRICK WELCH, New York, Cr. Prescott, 21, s; laborer. March 24, 64. 

Died Aug. 24, 65, near Ft. Kearney, N. T. 
JOHN WENTWORTH, Salem, 45, m ; stone cutter. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. 

disa. Nov. 15, 63. 
WILLIAM WISE, New Bedford, 27, in; harness maker. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. 
JAMES H. WHITCOMB, Boxford, Cr. Stowe, 23, s; farmer. Jan. 5, 64. 

Absent, sick at M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
LEV1 WHITE, New York, Cr, Barnstable, 21, s; farmer. Jan. 30, 64. Disch. 

Aug. 18, 65. 
SAMUEL WOLFE, New Bedford, 21, s; seaman. March 28, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
CHARLES A. WRIGHT, Plympton, 18, s; farmer. Aug. 22, 62. Disch* 

May 20, 6y. 
CHARLES H. WRIGHT, Pepperell, 22, s; brakeman. Jan. 1, 62. Disch. 

Jan. 3, (to. 



xliii 



COMPANY D. 



JAMES A. BEAN, Sergt. Boston, 44, in; furniture dealer. Aug. 19, 62. 

Disch. for promotion Dec. 31, 03. Capt. 75th Regt. U.S.C. Inf. Died .June 

7, 64, New Orleans, La. 
CHARLES L. BIRD, Sergt. S. Boston, 34, in; painter. Aug. 14, 02. Disch. 

May 20, 65. 
JOHN CARROLL, Sergt. E. Bridgewater, 22, in; shoemaker. Dec. 17, 03. 

7.1. O. Sept. 28 05. 
CHARLES G. CUTTER, Sergt. Boston, 35, m ; tailor. Aug. U), 02. Died 

Sept. 2, 63, Port Hudson. 
NEAL S. DICKEY, Sergt. Deering, N. H., Cr. Roxbury, 23, s; laborer. 

March 10, (54. M. O. Sept. 28, 05. 
PATRICK J. DILLON, Sergt. \V. Brookfield, 21, in; teamster. Feb. 20, (54. 

Disch. Sept. 22, 05. Prior serv. 
JAMES FITZ PATRICK, Sergt. Lancaster, Pa.. 28, soldier. May 27, 02. 

Disch. May 17, 05. 

CHARLES T. HILL, Sergt. Boston, 1<), s; clerk. Aug. 1<). 02. Disch, May 

20, 65. 
EDWARD P. HOOPER, Sergt. Manchester, 1), s; farmer. Dec. 31, 03. 

Disch. Aug. 8, 05. 
CHARLES F. LUFKIN, Sergt. Boston, 35, s ; sailor. Oct. 23, 02. Died 

April 23, 64. 
JAMES MURPHY, JR. Sergt. S.Boston, 23, in; teamster. March 11, 04. 

M. O. Sept 28, 65. 
JAMES PRINCE, Sergt. Roxbury, 20, s; gilder. Aug. 18, 02. Disch. May 

20, 05. 
ALBERT RICHARDSON, Sergt. Boston, 27, s; woodturner. Aug. 11, 02. 

Disch. May 20, 05. 

CYRUS E. ROSS, Sergt. Boston, 24, 8; mechanic. Sept. 22, 04. Disch. 

May 20, 05. 
FREDERICK M. SHEPHERD, Sergt. Boston, 40, s ; soldier. Aug. 12, 02. 

Disch. May 20, 05. Pior serv. 

GREEN B. STEPHENS, Sergt. Boston, 43, m; mason. Aug. 17, 02. Disch. 
May 20, 65. 



xliv THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVAL-RY 

WILLIAM A. YOUNG, Sergt. Salem, 35, m; sailor. Sept. 20, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. 
GEORGE ARMSTRONG, Corp. Boston, 21, s; carpenter. Aug. 15, 62. 

Wounded Sept. 19, 64. Disch. May 20, 65. 
ALBERT L. BARRETT, Corp. Orange, 19, s; farmer. Feb. 23, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
ROYAL H. BATE, Corp. Boston, 21, s; plumber. Aug. 18, 62. Disch. for 

promotion April 20, 64. 1st Lieut. 73rd Regt. U.S.C. Inf. 

JAMES D. CHAPMAN, Corp. Worcester, 39, m ; carpenter. Aug. 21, 62. 

Trans. Co. H 20th Regt. V.R.C. Disch. July 20, 65 as Sergt. 
EDWARD E. EDSON, Corp. Bridgewater, 25, s; shoemaker. Dec. 26, 63. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
WASHINGTON EMERY, Corp. Boston, 25, m; carpenter. Aug. 11, 62 

Disci), for promotion Dec. 18, 63. 2nd Lieut. 95th Regt. U.S.C. Inf. 
JOHN W. FLOHRS, Corp. Boston, 31, m ; moulder. Aug. 15, 62. Wounded 

Sept. 19, 64. Disch. May 20, 65. 
MILAN A. HARRIS, Corp, Leominster, 20, s ; farmer. Feb. 22, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
HOSP:A B. HAYDEN, Corp. South Braintree, 21, s; bootmaker. Dec. 31, 

63. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 
JOSEPH W. HUFF, Corp. South Braintree, 26, s ; farmer. March 11, 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28. 65. 
HENRY K. LANGDON, Corp. Boston, 26, m.; hostler. Aug. 20, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. 
CHARLES B. LEONARD, Corp. Braintree, 20, s; boot cutter. Dec. 21. 63. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 
ANTHONY MASSA, Corp. Boston, W, in; carpenter. Aug. 12, 62. Disch. 

M H y 20, 65. 

LAWRENCE M. MASURY, Corp. Boston, 18s; clerk. Aug. 16, 62. Disch. 

disa. Aug. 4, 64. 
CHARLES L. MENTZER, Corp. South Boston, 37 m; insurance agent, Aug. 

18, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 
PETER MONOCK, Corp. Boston, 31 m; caulker. Aug. 19, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 60. 

WILLIAM G. NEAL, Corp. Disch. disa. July 23, 65 Fort Leavenworth. 
RUFUS PARKER, JR., Corp. Lenox , 28, m; farmer. Feb. 24, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
ARTHUR H. KNEEL AND, Bugler, Georgetown, 18. s; shoemaker. Dec. 

12. 63. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
WINFIELD S. Sl.VIONDS, Bugler, Rorbury, 21, s; clerk. Aug. 18, 62. 

Disch. disa. Feb. 23, 63. Sub serv. in Navy. 



COMPANY D. xlv 

GEORGE E. HUTCHINGS, Drummer, Boston, 18. s; clerk. Aug. 14, 62. 

Deserted while on furlough, Boston, Oct. 30, 64. 
JONATHAN II. CLARK, Blacksmith, South Braintree, 39, m; blacksmith, 

Dec. 31, 63. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
GEORGE RICHARDSON, Wagoner, Boston; 30, m; blacksmith. Aug. 17/62. 

Disch. disa. Sept. 20, 63. 
BENJAMIN BAILEY, Cook, en. Port Hudson, La. 40, Sept. 3, 63. Deserted 

July 27, 65, Fort Leavenworth, Kan. 
THOMAS CAMMIL, Cook, en. Port Hudson, La. 2<>. May 21), 63. Disch. July 

27, 65. 

ISAIAH DIXON, Cook, en. Port Hudson, La., 20. Sept. 3, 63. Died July 8, 64. 
NATHAN PARKER, Cook, en. Port Hudson, La- 35. Sept. 3, 63. Deserted 

New Orleans, La. 
JOSEPH SEMMES, Cook, en. Port Hudson, La., 35. Sept. 3, 63. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
JOHN HALSEY, Cook, en. Port Hudson, La., 30. May 2<), 63. Deserted, 

July 27, 65, Ft. Leavenworth, Kan. 
JOHN E. ACRES, Boston, 27, s ; caulker. Aug. 20, 62. Disch. disa. Sept. 

25, 63. 

GEORGE H. ADAMS, Boston, 18, s; farmer. Aug. 14/62. Disch. May 20/65. 
CLAUS AHLF, Somerville, 27, m; wheelwright. Sept. 15, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. 
JOSEPH B. ALEXANDER, East Boston, 32, m. tinplate maker. Aug. 111/02. 

Disch. disa. Nov. 14, 63. 
WILLIAM W. AMES, Charlestown, 18, s; bootmaker. Jan. 6, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
JOHX P. ANDERSON, Lyrne, Ct. Cr. Chelsea, 26, s ; seaman, Feb. 25, 64. 

Trans, to Navy, July i>, 65. 
ADAM ARMSTRONG, South Boston, 37; laborer. Sept. 17. (52. Died May 

30, 63. 
HARRY N. ARNOLD, New York, Cr. Sandwich, 21, m; seaman. Feb. 15/64. 

Deserted Dec. 30, 64, Boston. 
JOHN BARRY, Boston, 24, s; stonecutter. Dec. 30, 64. M. O Sept. 28, (55. 

GEORGE W. BATCHELDER, Boston, 22, m; photographer. Dec. 27, 63. 

Absent, sick in hospital, Annapolis Junction, Md. 
JOSEPH A. BEATTY, Boston, 27, m; cook. Aug. 1!), 62. Disch. disa Jan. 

18, 64. 
FRANK BEAVER, Montreal, -Cr. Northfield, 25, s; blacksmith. March 15/64. 

Absent, sick M. O. Regt. Sept. 28, 65. 

JAMES E. BICKERS, North Chelsea, 30, s; painter. Dec. 8. 63. M. O. Sept. 
28, 65. 



xlvi THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

JOSIAH BICKFORD, Boston, 40, s; carpenter. Aug. 20, 62. Disch. disa. 
Jan. 18, 64. 

WARREN W. BIDWELL, Manchester, Ct., Cr. Boston, 19, s; gunsmith. 
Do.:. 23, 63. M.O. Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 

JAMES A. BLODGECT, Maiden, 18, s; clerk. Dec. 11, 63. Died Sept. 24, 64, 

Salisbury, N. C. 
CHRISTIAN H. H. BOMMIZYU, Somerville, 26, in; sailor. Sept. 17, 62. 

Disch. M ly 20, 65. 
GEORGE H. B3 5 WORTH, Troy, N. Y., en. Rehoboth, 23, s; machinist. 

Marcli 4, 64. Absent, sick, Sept. 28, 65, M. O. Regt. 
CHARLES P. BRANCH, Boston, 17. Jan. 2 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JACOB BRAXXOX. B-wton, 42, s ; sailor. Sept. 10, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 
CHARLES M. BRIDGES, North Andover, 30, s ; printer. Feb. 29, 64. Died 

Sept. 24, 64, Natchez, MUs. 
CHARLES BRIGH AM. Marlboro, 21, s; farmer. Jan. 4, 64. Wounded Sept. 

19, 6i. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
NATHANIEL BROWX. EiSt Boston, 43, m ; caulker. Aug. 20, 62. Trans. 

to Co. I, 3rd Regt. V.R.C., April 30, 64. Disch. July 14, 65 as Corp. 
WILLIAM E. BROWN. South Boston, 28, m ; carpenter. Aug. 14, 62. 

Disch. for promotion, Aug. 14, 63. 1st Lieut. 1st Regt. Louisiana Cav 

Killed in action, Sabine Cross Roads, La. Aprii 8, 64. 
WILLIAM H. BRYANT, New Bedford, 18, s; laborer. Jan. 2, 64. M.O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
JOHN BUftKE, West Roxbury, .35), m; laborer. Sept. 13, 62. Died Sept. 

18, 63. 
MICHAEL BURNS, Taunton. 36, in ; painter. Jan. 5, 64. Disch. disa Jan. 

8. 65. 
THOMAS BUTLER, Boston, 40, in ; porter, Aug. 15, 62. Disch. disa. 

March 22, 64. 
WILLIAM BUTTINGER, Boston, 29, m ; cabinetmaker. Aug. 15, 62. 

Trans, to Co. I, 3rd Regt.V.R.C. April 30, 64. Disch. July 14, 65 as Corp. 

Uuof. 

HUGH BYRNE, Boston, 31, s ; trader. Aug. 29, 62. Disch. disa Nov. 5, 63. 
JOHN T. CARNES, Boston, 27. s; machinist. Aug. 15, 62. Deserted Dec. 

2, 62. Long Island, N. Y. 
ASA CASWELL, Natick, 43, m ; carpenter. Jan. 2, 64. Trans, to Co. C, 

14th Regt. V.R.C. D.JC. 30, 64. Disch. June 28, 65. 
ELIJAH CASWELL, JR., Raynham, 30, tn ; shoe-setter. Dec. 31, 63. M.O. 

Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 

SAMUEL M. CASWELL, Boston, 38, in; in won. Au,j. 18, 62. Trans, to 
Co. I, 3rl Ri^c. V. R. C. April 39, 64. Disch. July 27, 65. 



COMPANY D. xlvii 

WILLIAM CHANDLER, Boston, 37, m; cabinetmaker. Aug. 19, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. 

WILLIAM O. CHANDLER, en. Boston, 18. Nov. 1, 62. Disch. May 20, 6o. 
Al B. CHASE, Boston, 25, in ; music teacher. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. to 

accept Ccm., Nuv- 1, 62. 
GEORGE V. CHICK, South Braintree, 18, s ; spinner. Dec. 5, 63. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
JAMES A. CLEVELAND, Barre, 20, s ; farmer. Oct. 31, 63. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
MICHAEL COFFEY, East Cambridge, 19, s; glass miker. Feb. 15, 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

JOHN CONNARTY, en. New Orleans, La. ,32. Dec. 8, 62. Absent, wounded, 

on M. O. Regt. Sept. 28, 65. 
WILLIAM E. CORTHELL, Boston, 18, s; clerk. Aug.. 21, 62. Disch. 

disa. Aug. 25, 63. 
EDWARD CUMMINS, Ireland, en. Yarmouth, 21, s; mason, March 11, <>4. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
WILLIAM CURRAN, Boston 28, rn ; painter. Aug. 20, *G2. Died June 

11, 63. 
HENRY R. DAIN, Medway, 33, m; teamster. Feb. 26, 64. Died Sept. 

17, 64. 
JAMES E. DAWES, Boston, 21, s; watchman. Aug. 18, 62. Disch. disa. 

Feb. 5, 63. 
STEPHEN W. DAWSON, South Braintree, Cr. Taunton, 21. m; farmer. 

Jan. 29, 64. Died while prisoner of war, date and place unknown. 

GEORGE E. DAY, Southboro, Cr. Stowe, 19, m; shoemaker. Dec. 19, 63. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JOHN L. DAY, Southboro, Cr. Stowe, 20, s; shoemaker. Dec. 19, 63. 

M. O Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 
JOHN D. DINSMORE, Framingham, Cr. Georgetown, 33, m; shoemaker. 

Dec. 12, 63. Trans. V.R.C. Feb. 1(5, 65. 
GERAT DOLLARD, Fall River, Cr. Lynn, 40, m ; laborer. July 20, 64, 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
FRANK DONLEY, Belfast. Me., 29, s ; sailor. Sept. 20, 62. Deserted Dec. 

3, 62, N. Y. 
PATRICK DOYLE, South Natick, 18, s; shoemaker. Jan. 4,64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
JOSEPH M. DUNSTERVILLE, South Boston, 18, s; printer. Aug. 18, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 

JOHN EBINGER, en. New Orleans, Li., 21, Oct. 22, 62. M.O. Sept. 28, 65. 
ALBEN P. EDDY, Fall River, 21, s; cigar maker. Dec. 11, 63. Wounded 

Sept. 19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, <>5. 



xlviii THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

JOHN F. EDDY, Taunton, 21, m ; gunsmith. Dec. 28, 63. Disch. July 

28, 65; 
IS HAFT M. ELLIS, South Boston, 39, in ; c irp ,nter. Aug. 16, 62. Disch. 

May 13, 65. 
WILLIAM E. FEYHL, Boston, 18, s; farmer. Dec. 24, 63. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
CHARLES F. FISHER, Southb o ro, 25, s ; firmer. Feb. 25, 64. Died Dec. 

25, 64, Andersonville, Ga. 
MOSES W. FOLLANSBEE, Gloucester, Cr. Georgetown, 37, m.; stonecutter. 

Dec. 12, 63. Died April 4, 65. 
SYLVESTER D. FO3S, Roxbury, 30, m ; carpenter. Aug. 12, 62. DUch. 

disa. Sept. 10, 63. 
FRANK GEORGE, Leominster, 27, s; farmer. Feb. 15, 64. Died Dec. 18, 64. 

Salisbury, N. C. 
GEORGE M. GILMAN, Boston, 30, s; grocer. Sept. 15, 62. Disch. disa. 

Jan. 18, ( A. 
HENRYS. GLAZIER, Boston, 37, m; stair builder. Jan. 5, 64. M.O. Sept. 

28. 65. 

CHARLES GOODHOUSE, New Orleans, La. 34. June 2, 63. Trans, to V.R.C. 

March 11, 64. Disch. May 20, 65. 

ALVIN GOODRIDGE. Barre, 18, s: farmer. Oct. 20, 63. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
ALANSON GREEN, Spencer, 37, m; bootmaker. Dec. 29, 63. Disch. July 

29, 65. 

DAVID GREEN, Spencer, 36, in; bootmaker, Jan. 4, (>4. Died July 8, 64. 
JOHN F. GURNEY, Taunton, 23, s; hostler. Jan. 12/64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
GEORGE HAINES. En. New Orleans, La. 22. May 22, 62. Disch. May 17, 65. 
JOHN HALPIN, Boston, Cr. Braintree, 18, s; blacksmith. Dec. 28, 63. 
M. O. Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 

PATRICK HANEY, Boston, 36, in; laborer. Sept. 18, 62. Disch. disa. May 

15, 65. 
ISAAC HARMON, Braintree, 18, s; farmer. Feb. 15, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
WILLIAM HASTINGS, Boston, 29, in ; clerk. Sept. 17, 62. Deserted Nov. 

14, 62, N.Y. 

NATHANIEL T. HATCH, Hanson, 39, m; farmer. Dec. 31, 63. M.O. 
Sept. 28, 65. 

ANDREW H. HERON, Beuuharnais, Can. Cr. Boston, 19, s; farmer. Jan. 21, 
64. Deserted April 9, 65, Readvjlle. 

WILLIAM G. HILL, North Braintree, 18, s; bootmaker. Dec. 5, 63. Disch. 

disa. July 29, 65. 
AMBROSE S. HINCKLY, Boston, 32, m; farmer. Jan. 1, 64. Died Nov. 

22, 64, Boston. 



COMPANY D. xlix 

EPHRAIM HOLDEN, Georgetown, 40, s; bootmaker. Sept. 15, 62. Trans- 

to V. R, C. May 23, 64. 
HUGH HOLLAND, Boston, Cr. Cambridge, 21, s; seaman. Jan. 13, 64. 

Wounded Sept. 19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

JAMES S. HOLTON, Boston, ,39, s; mason. Aug. 18, 62. Diseh. disa. May 

10, 63. 

FRANK JONES Died. Unof. 
WILLIAM M. JENKS, South Boston, 37, m; baker. Aug. 16, 62. Discb. 

disa. Jan. 18, 64. 
HENRY A. JORDAN, Franklin, 26, m; carpenter. Dec. 17/63. Disch. Feb. 

65. Prior serv. 

HENRY A. KELLY, Warren, 21, m; farmer. Feb. 15/64. Disch. Aug. 15/65. 
CHARLES F. KIMBALL, Stow, IS, s; shoemaker. Dec. 19, 63. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
DAVID S. KNIGHT, Boston, 39, m; carpenter. Aug. 19, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. 
CHURCH LAPHAM, Marshneld, Cr. Lynn, 19, in; shoemaker. Feb. 10, 64. 

Wounded Sept. 19, 64. Disch. disa. July 17, (55. 
DANIEL H. LEAVITT, Boston, 33, s; carpenter. Sept. 23, 62. Disch. disa. 

Jan. 18, 64. 
PHILIP LITTING, Boston, 32, m ; confectioner. Aug. 18, 62. Disch. 

disa. April 18, 64. Sub. serv. 
JOHX MALONY, 2xo, O.swego, N. Y. Cr. Lexington, 21, s; clerk. March 

9, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

JAMES MALOY. En. New Orleans, La., 21 ; butcher. June 25, 62. Disch. 

for promotion. Died while while prisoner of war no date. 
JOHX L. MANNING, Boston, 42, m; machinist. Aug. 1(5, 62. Disch. disa. 

Sept. 23, 63. 
JULIUS MARTIN. En. New Orleans, La., 23; gunsmith. July 14, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
LAUGHTON McCORMICK, Boston, 27, s ; tailor. Sept. 16, 62. Disch. disa. 

Nov. 20, 63. 
JAMES McCARTY, Boston, 38, m; laborer. Aug. 29, 62. Disch. disa. Jan. 

18, 64. Sub. serv. V.R.C. 
MICHAEL McKINNA, E.Cambridge, 19, s ; carver. Feb. 8, 64. Wounded 

Oct. 19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
GEORGE MCLAUGHLIN, Roxbury, 30, m; carpenter. Aug. 28, 62. Trans. 

to Co. G, 14 Regt. V.R.C. Jan. 29, 65. Disch. June 27, 65. 
PHILIP McQUINTRY, Ireland, Cr. Braiutree, 21, s; farmer. Jan. 5, 64. 

Disch. July 29, G5. 

JOHN MOONEY. En. New Orleans, La. 24; Oct. 2, 62. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
GEORGE A. MOWER, Braintree, 19, s ; boot treer. Feb. 9, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 



I tfHIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVAL-RY 

MARTIN MULLIGAN, Salem, 39, s ; laborer. Oct. 19, 63. M. O. Sent. 

28, 65. Prior serv. 
JAMES MURPHY, E. Cambridge, 19, s ; sailor. Feb. 15, 64. Wouuded 

Sept. 19, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
EDWARD A. NEWMAN, South Boston, 32, m ; piano maker. Aug. 15, 

62. Died July 10, 65, Andersonville, Ga. 
OLA NILLSON, Stockholm, Sweden, ,Cr. Acton, 21, s; sailor. Nov. 18, 63. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

JOHN O BRIEN, Boston, 21, Sept. 9, 62. Deserted Dec. 1, 62. 
JOHN P. O BRIEN, Cainbridgeport, 27, m ; carpenter. Sept. 16, 62. De 
serted Dec. 1, 62. 
CORNELIUS O HEARN, Charlestown, Cr. Falmouth, 20,8; laborer. June 

10, 64. Disch. July 29, 65. 
GEORGE F. OLIVER, Maiden, 18, s; farmer; Sept. 3, 62. Disch. disa. Sept. 

24, 64. 
HENRY OWENS, East Boston, 40, s ; caulker. Aug. 21, 62. Died Dec. 23, 

64, Salisbury, N. C. 
ASA N. PEABODY, Billerica, 19, s; teamster. Dec. 13, 61. Disch. Dec. 

13, 64. 
CHARLES C. PHILBROOK, Boston, 33, s ; carpenter. Sept. 9, 62.J Disch. 

May 20, 65. 
HORACE RATHBURN, Roxbury, 41, m ; blacksmith. Aug. 15, 62. Died 

June 8, 63. 

FRANK A. RICHARDS, Holliston ; Cr. Attleboro, 21, s; jeweller. Jan- 
4, 64. Disch. Aug. 11, 65. 

JOHN ROGERS, Charlestown, 3(5, s; painter. Dec. 29, 63. Deserted June 

20, 64, New Orleans, La. 
ERASTUS E. SANBORN, Boston ; 39, m ; provision dealer. Aug. 12, 62. 

Disch. disa. Sept. 28, 63. Sub. serv. 

PATRICK SARSFIELD, East Cambridge, 18, s; glass blower. Dec. 30, 63. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv.. 
JAMES SCANDALL, Portland, Me. Cr. Sandwich, 27, s; sailor. June 

23, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
AUGUST SEIDLER, Boston, 32, s; farmer; Aug. 29, 62. Disch. disa. Jan. 

27, 65. 
JOHN SHEA, Boston; 29, m; sailor, Aug. 29, 62. Deserted Nov. 7, 62, 

N. Y. 
JOSEPH C. SHELLEY, Boston, 18, s; painter. Aug. 20, 62. Died April 

12, 63. 
JOSEPH SHEPARI), Boston, Cr. Charlestown, 19; farmer. June 4, 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

CHARLES H. SHERIFF, East Cambridge, 41, m ; brushmaker. Aug. 21, 62- 
Disch. disa. Sept. 28, 63. 



COMPANY D. li 

FRANK W. SLASON, Boston, 26, in ; shoemaker. Aug. 14, 62. Dlsch. 
disa. Jan. 18, (54. 

CHARLES V. SMALL, Boston, 20, s ; mechanic. Feb. 8, 64. Died July 

28, 64. 
GEORGE A. SMITH. En. New Orleans, La. 23; goldsmith, Oct. 5, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 

JOHN SMITH, Boston, 25, s; sailor. Aug. 20, 62. Deserted, Dec. 4, 62, 

N. Y. 
ROBERT SMITH, Boston, Cr. Chelmsford, 23, s; hatter. Aug. 8, 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JAMES H. SOUTHWICK, Boston, 41, m ; pianomaker. Aug. 18, 62. 

Disch. disa. Jan. 23, 63. 
JAMES SPEAR, Braintree, 40, in; boot-treer. Dec. 10, 63. M.O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
TIMOTHY A. STANLEY, Attleboro, 37, m ; farmer. Jan. 1, 64, M.O. 

Sept. 28, (55. 

JAMES F. STAPLES, Boston, 27, in; blacksmith. Feb. 10, 64. Trans- 
, . V.R.C. Sept. 20, (54. Disch. Oct. 7, 65. 

GEORGE E. STRAYNTON, Roxbury, 35, m ; coachman. Jan. 2, 64. Disch. 
Aug. 16, 65. 

JOHN TAYNE, East Cambridge, 19, s; sailor. Feb. 15, 64. M. O. Sept. 28/65. 
CHARLES S. THAY^ER, South Braintree, 18, s ; bootmaker. Feb. 15, 64. 
Disch. Aug. 19, 65. 

WILLIAM E, THOMAS, Boston, 42, m ; merchant. Aug. 15, 62. Deserted 
March 28, 63, Baton Rouge, La. 

BENJAMIN THOMPSON, Boston, 44, in; merchant. Aug. 12, 62. Disch. 
disa. April 4, (53. 

EDWARD THOMPSON, Boston, 44, s; soldier. Aug. 20, 62. Died Sept. 
10, 63. 

JOHN P. THOMPSON, Boston, 38 m; caulker. Aug. 20, 62. Disch. disa. 
Nov. 20, 63. 

JOHN M. TOWNE, Boston, 20, s; sailmaker. Aug. 18/62. Disch. May 20/65. 
THOMAS E. TUCKER, Boston, 18, s; mariner. Jan. 4,64. M.O. Sept. 28, 65. 
CHARLES F. TUTTLE, Boston, 33, m; trader. Dec. 28, 63. Disch. disa. 

May 13, 64. 

LUTHER T. VINAL, Boston, 35 m; caulker. Aug. 20. (52. Disch. May 20/65. 
STEPHEN A. WAITT, Burlington, 21, s ; hostler. Dec. 16, 63. Died May 

16, 64, New Orleans, La. 

PHILIP WALL, Boston, 41; laborer. Aug. 2 ( ./62. Disch. May, 20, 65. Unof. 
JOHN WARD, Courtland Co. N. Y. 21, m; soldier. Nov. 7, (53. Deserted 

July 16, (54, Algiers, La. 
HENRY WATTS, Boston, Cr. Chelsea, 30, s; seaman. Jan. 2, 64. Trans. 

to Navy, July <), (54. Disch. Aug. 25, 65, R. S. "Princeton." 



lii j JTHIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

WILLIAM R. WEBSTER, Compton, N. H. En. Boston, 43, s ; printer. 

Oct. 19, 63. Discti. July 29, Go. Prior serv. 
GEORGE G. WENTWORTH, Boston, 18, s ; market boy. Aug 16, 62. 

Disch. disa. Nov 9, 63. 
JOHN WHIDDEN, Boston, 40, m; carpenter. Aug. 16, 62. Deserted Aug. 

6, 63, Raton Rouge, La. 
GEORGE W. WHITE, Boston, 43, m ; sign painter. Aug. 18/62. Discb. 

disa. March 14, 64. 

ABEL L. WILDER, Leominster, 19. s; farmer. Feb. 23, 64. Died, a pris 
oner of war, Salisbury, N.C. 64. 

JOHN WILLIAMS, Boston, 19, s ; soldier. Sept. 10/64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
HENRY L. WILLIS, Boston, 1H, s ; clerk. Aug. 16, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 
SAMUEL WILSON, South Boston, 42, s ; plasterer. Sept. 11, 62. Disch 

disa. Jan. 18, 64. 
JOHN C. AVORTHEN, Boston, 45, s; teamster. Aug. 19, 62. Disch. disa. 

Jan. 18/64. 
RICHARD H. WYETH, Lunenburtr, Cr. Brookline, 21, s; farmer. Feb. 

25, 64. Killed in action, Sept. 19, <>4, at Winchester, Va. Prior serv. 
ROBERT O. YOUNG, Medway, 32, m ; boot crimper. Feb. 26, 64. M. O 

Sept. 28, 65. 



COMPANY E. 



NELSON COLLINS, Com. Sergt. Boston, 35, in ; pattern maker. Aug. 20, 

02. Disch. May 21, 65. 
LUKE E. DODGE, Sergt. Boston, 44, in ; painter. Aug. 12, 02. Disch.disa. 

Oct. 10, 63. 
JOHN A. D ARCY, Sergt. Boston, 33, s; plasterer. Aug. 12, 62. Disch. 

disa. Jan. 18, 64. Unof. 
ISAAC FERNALD, Sergt. Boston, 27, in ; ship carpenter. Aug. 20, 62. 

Disch. disa. Oct. 18, 63. 
WILLIAM E. GALLEMORE, Sergt. Springfield, 33, s. ; armorer, Jan. 

4, 64. Disch. July 21, 65. 
JOHN H. LASKER, Sergt. Boston, 21, s; ship carpenter. Aug. 21, 62. 

Disch.disa. Jan. 18, 64. Unof. 
JOHN W. MORGAN, Sergt. Boston, 18, s ; laborer. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. Unof. 
THOMAS SIMPSON, Sergt. Boston, 26, in; teamster. Aug. 14, 62. Killed 

in action Sept. 19, 64, Winchester, Va. 
BURT M. ST. CLAIR, Sergt. Boston, 20, s ; expressman. Aug. 20, 62. 

Died May 20, 65. Unof. 
SAMUEL F. ADAMS, Corp. Boston, 23, paper hanger. Aug. 21, 62. Killed 

at Sabine Cross Roads, April 8, 64. 

WILLIAM H. ALDREDGE, Corp. Boston, 21, s ; clerk. Sept. 13, 62. 

Disch. disa. April 1, 63. Unof. 
DAVID BRYDEN, Corp. Boston, 44, m ; ship carpenter. Aug. 20, 62. 

Disch. disa. Jan. 1, 64. Unof. 
MICHAEL CURRAN, Corp, Boston, 18, s; stone-cutter, Aug. 16, 62. Killed 

in action, Sabine Cross Roads, April 8, 64. 
CHARLES W, HOWE, Corp, Boston, 20. s; clerk. Aug. 12, 62. Disch 

disa. Nov. 19, 63. 
GEORGE B. JENKINSON, Corp. Boston, 29, in ; teamster. Aug. 15, 62. 

Killed in action, Aug. 3, 63, Jackson, La. 
ROBERT KILLCUP, Corp. Boston, 33, in ; teamster. Sept. 20. 62. Disch. 

Disch. disa. Oct. 8, 63. 

WILBUR LASKER, JR., Corp. Boston, 18, s; clerk. Aug. 21, 62. Disch. 
May 20, 65. Unof. 



liv THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

GEORGE D. MAXWELL, Corp. Boston, 18, s; cook. Aug. 14, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. 

JOHN McN AUGHT, Corp. 20, m; grocer. Aug. 30, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 
OSCAR A. RICE, Corp. Boston, 20, s; machinist. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. Jan. 

29, 64. 

WILLIAM E. ROBERTS, Corp. Boston, 19, s : hatter. Aug. 16, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. Unof. 
BARRETT H. SMITH, Corp. Boston, 44, m; ship carpenter. Aug. 30, 62. 

Killed Sept. 19, 64. 

WILLIAM G. SMITH, Corp. Boston, 21, s; waterman. Aug. 20, 62. 
Disch. May 21, 65. 

AMBROSE L. VANNACH, Corp. Boston, 22, s; laborer. Sept. l>, 62. 
Died May 20, 65. Unof. 

OLIVER J. WILLIAMS, Corp. Boston, 20, m ; printer. Aug. 18, 62. 

Disch. disa. Oct. 22, 63. 
ELIJAH C. CRANE, Wagoner, Boston, 33, ui ; machinist. Aug. 13, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 

CHARLES B. HEWITT, Prin. Musician. Boston, 21, s ; baker. Sept. 9, 62. 
Trans. Co. D, 1st Regt. V.R.C. April 1, 65. Disch. July 14, 65. 

CHARLES H. SMITH, Musician, Rostou, 22, m ; sash and blind maker. 

Aug. 20, 62. Disch. disa. May 13, 63. Unof. 
GEORGE H. RYMILL, Bugler, Boston, 18, s; caulker. Sept. 10, 62- 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
AUSTIN CAIN. Cook, en. Port Hudson, La. 45. Aug. 29, 63. Deserted 

July 16, 64. Unof. 

WILLIAM COLLINS, Cook, en. Port Hudson, La. 24. Aug. 29, 63. De 
serted July 28, 65, Ft. Leavenworth, Kan. 
WILLIAM HAMILTON, Cook, en. Port Hudson, La, Aug. 28, (53. M. O. 

Sept. 28/65. 
JOSEPH JAMES, Cook, en. Port Hudson, La. 40. Aug. 30, 63. Deserted 

July 16, 64. Unof. 
RICHARD POWERS, Cook, en. Port Hudson, La. Aug 28, 63. Deserted 

July 27, 65, Fort Leavenworth, Kan. 
JOHN ANDERSON, Jamaica Plain, 35, m; laborer. Sept. 8. 62. Wounded 

Oct. 64. Disch. May 20, 65. Unof. 
LEWIS BABBITT, Worcester, 40, m; merchant. Jan. 4, 64. Disch. 

Sept. 23, 64, with view to en. as Hospital Steward U. S. Army. 

GEORGE BAKER, New Bedford, 25, m; Feb. 13, 64. Deserted Aug. 4, 64. 
ROBERT BAKER. Deserted Feb. 1, 65. 

WILLIAM J. BAKER, Boston. 44, m; merchant. Oct. 31, 63. Died Nov. 
5, 64, Baltimore, Md. 






COMPANY E. iv 

WARREN BATES, Randolph, 42, iu; expressman. July 27, 62. Disch. 

disa. Feb. 20, 63, Baton Rouge, La. Unof. 

BENJAMIN BOWMAN, New Bedford, 22, s ; fisherman. Jan. 16, 64, De 
serted Feb. 1, 65. 
JONATHAN BREARLY, Boston, 21, s. ; moulder. Aug. 30, 62. Disch. 

May 30, 65. Unof. 
EDWARD G. BRYANT, Cambridgeport, 21, s; plumber. Jan. 5, 64. Died 

of wounds, Nov. 9, 64, Winchester, Va. 
JOSEPH P. BURNHAM, Salem, -43, in; blacksmith. Sept. 10, 62. Disch. 

disa. Feb. 20, 63. 
WILLIAM R. CARL, Cohassett, 34, s; clerk. Aug. 22, T>2. Disch. disa. 

Nov. 5, 63. 
ROBERT CARNES, Boston, 35, m; blacksmith. Aug. 16, 62. Deserted 

Dec. 3, 62, Jamaica, L. I. 
JOSEPH N. COBURN, Brunswick, Me. Cr. Chelsea, 18, s; bookbinder. Jan. 

4, 64. Died 18(54. 
FREDERICK L. COPELAND, Boston, ."4, s ; soldier. April 5, 64. Deserted 

Feb. 1 65. 
WILLIAM CUMM1NGS, Boston, 42, m; brickmaker. Aug. 15, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65, Frederick, Md. 
BARTHOLOMEW DAILY, Salem, 44, m ; laborer. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. 

disa. Dec. 21, 63. 
GEORGE DAVIS, Boston, 28, m; ship carpenter. Aug. 12, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. Unof. 
CORNELIUS DEAN, Sandwich, 18. s; glass blower. Aug. 18, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. Unof. 
JAMES DEVINE, Brookline, 23; Nov. 3, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. Unof. 

THEOPHILUS K. DILL, Boston, 28, m ; mariner. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. 

May 24, 63. 
DANIEL H. DUNBAR, North Bridgewater ; 18, s; shoemaker. Feb. 29, 64. 

Prisoner of war, since Oct. 19, 64. No further report. 

CYRUS K. FORD, Boston, 43, m ; machinist. Aug. 10, 62. Killed in action, 

Aug. 20, 63, Jackson. 
SAMUEL C. GAGE, Wrentham, 35, s; farmer. Aug. 10, 62. Died Aug. 

15/63, Baton Rouge, La. 
JOHN S. GOLDSBERG, Plymouth, 18, m ; laborer. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. 

disa. Sept. 29, 63. 
SAMUEL GOLIVER, Boston, 36, s; mariner. Sept. 8, 62. Deserted Nov. 

16, 62, New York city. 
WALTER GORDON, Boston, 20, m; hostler. Aug. 12, 62. Disch. May 

21, 65. 



Ivi THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

RICHARD GOUGER, E ist Boston, 28, m; moulder. Dec. 11, 63. Trans. 

to Navy, July 15, 64. 
JOHN HAGERTY, Boston, 35, s; laborer. Aug. 16, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 

Unof. 
GEORGE H. HARDY, North Andover, 27, m; teamster. Aug. 20, 62. Disch. 

May 21. 65. Uuof. 
THOMAS HASLAN, Boston, 35, m. laborer. Aug. 17, 62. Disch. May 

31, 65. 
FRED P. HASLEY, Charlestown, 19, s; driver. Dec. 7, 63. Disch. June 

9, 65. 
WILLIAM F. HAYES, Boston, 30, m ; painter. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. Unof. 
EDWARD HEFFERNAN, Sandwich, 24, s ; glass-blower. Aug. 18, 62. 

Killed in action, Sept. 22, 64, Fisher s Hill, Va. 
FRANCIS T. HILLIARD, Lynn, 32, in.; shoemaker; Sept. 1, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. 
HENRY HOFT, Boston, 35, m; carpenter; Sept, 25, 62. Deserted Dec. 4, 62. 

New York city. 
ALBERT HOWARD, Randolph, 39, m ; shoemaker. Aug. 22. 62. Disch. 

Jan. 18, 64. 
PATRICK KEILY, Randolph. 43, m : farmer. Sept. 10, 62. Disch. disa. 

Oct. 17, 63. 
JAMES H. KIMBALL, Chelsea, 18. s; sheet-iron worker. Jan. 4, 64. Died 

Sept. 30, 64, New Orleans, La. 
HENRY W. KUMMER, Reading, 44, m; cabinet maker, Aug. 25, 62. Disch. 

Jan. 18, 64, of old age. 
CHARLES A. LITTLEFIELD, Boston, 18, s; clerk, Aug. 12, 62. Disch. 

June 8, 65. 
THOMAS MASON, Sandwich, 28, m; farmer. June 18, 62. Disch. disa. 

Aug. 29, 63. Sub. serv. 
ALEXANDER McKINNAN, East Boston, 36, s ; caulker. Jan. 8, 64. 

Disch. disa. March 1, 65. 
JAMES McNULTY, IST, Salem, 38, m; laborer. June 25, 62. Disch. 

disa. Jan. 18, 64. 
JAMES McNULTY, 2ND. Sandwich, 18, s ; laborer. June 18, 64. Deserted 

Dec. 1, 62, Jamaica, L. I 
JAMES McRO WEN, Sandwich, 27, s; glass blower. June 18, 62. Absent, 

prisoner of war, since Oct, 19, 64. No further information. 
MICHAEL MULDOON, Newburyport, 43, s ; farmer. Aug. 18, 62. Disch. 

disa. Jan. 18, 64. Unof. 
HENRY MYERS, Boston, 33, m; laborer. Sept. 10, 62. Disch. disa. Jan. 

18, 64. Unof. 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. Ivii 

ALBERT N. NICKERSON, Walpole, 22, s ; mariner. Sept. 8, 62. Disch. 

disa. Jan. 18, 64. Uuof. 
MICHAEL NIXON, Boston, in. Sept. 8, 62. Disch. disa. Jan. 18, 64. Unof. 

PATRICK NIXON, Boston, 38, in; laborer. Sept. 8, 62. Disch. disa. Feb. 

12, 65. 
JOHN NOON AN, Boston, m ; laborer. Aug. 20, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 

Unof. 
THOMAS PATTERSON, Boston, 33, s ; Mariner. Sept. 15, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. Unof. 

WILLIAM C. PEABODY, Maiden, 35, m ; produce dealer. Aug. 20, 62. 

Disch. disa. Sept. 28, 63. 
JONAS U. PRINGLE, Boston, 39, m; pile-driver. Aug. 22, 62. Killed in 

action, Sept. 19, 64, Winchester, Va. 
GEORGE H. RANDALL, Rochester, 20, s; farmer. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. Unof. 
EDMUND E. RICE, Boston, 18, s; tinman. Aug. 20, 62. Wounded, Cane 

River. Disch. disa. Feb. 12, 65. 
JAMES RILEY, North Braiutree, 30, in; laborer. Sept. 8, 62. Disch. disa. 

Jan. 18, 64, New Orleans, La. 
JOHN E. ROBBINS, Brownington, Vt., Cr. Randolph, 27, m ; farmer. 

March 25, 64. Disch. disa. June 22, 65. Unof. 
BENJAMIN ROBERTS, Boston, 40, m ; ship carpenter. Aug. 16, 62. Died 

June 20, 63, New Orleans, La. 
ROBERT SCOTT, Stoughton, 40, m; laborer. Aug. 22, 62. Died Sept. 

10, 63, Baton Rouge, La. 
CHRISTOPHER K. SMITH, Boston, 15), s; caulker, Aug. 20, 62. Died 

July 13, 63, Baton Rouge, La. 
CORNELIUS SULLIVAN, Salem, 32, m; laborer. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. Unof. 
JAMES WALKELi, Boston, 28, s; mariner. Sept. 15, 62. Deserted, Dec. 

3, 62, Jamaica, L. I. 
JOHN WELCH, IST, Salem, 38, m ; laborer. June 16, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 

Uuof. 
JOHN WELCH, 2ND, Salem, 21, s; laborer. June 26, 62. Killed in action, 

Sept. 19, 64, Winchester, Va, 
WILLIAM H. WILEY, Boston, 28, m; painter. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. Unof. 



Iviii 



COMPANY F. 



RICHARD BATCHELDER, Sergt. Salem ; 42, m ; freight master. Aug. 

20, 62. Disch. (lisa. Nov. 20, 63. 
LEWIS BROWN, Sergt. Lynn, 19, in.; shoemaker. Sept. 3, 62. Disch. 

Oct. 12, 63, Port Hudson, La. 
JOHN M. CRONIN, Sergt. Cambridge, 28, m ; laborer, Aug. 22, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. Unof. 
EDWARD P. GOODWIN, Sergt. Boston, 32, a; provision dealer. Aug. 30, 62. 

Disch. disa. Nov. 25, 64. 
JOSEPH C. GORDON, Sergt. Boston, 20, m ; clerk. Sept. 9, 62. Disch. 

disa. June 18, 64. 
TRUMAN MARSHALL, Sergt. Cambridge, 35, ro ; soap-maker. Aug. 29, 62 

Wounded, Sept. 19, 64. Disch. disa. April 10, 65. 
WILLIAM E. PECK, Sergt. Taunton, 22, s ; seaman. Sept. 16, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. Prior Serv. in U. S. Navy. 
GEORGE W. STACY, Sergt. Cambridge, 26, s; provision dealer. Aug. 21, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 
WILLIAM J. ATKINS, Corp. Cambridgeport, 28, s; carpenter. Aug. 22, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. Unof. 
JOHN DAVIS, Corp. Lynn, 33, m ; morocco dresser. Sept. 3, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. Unof. 
JAMES CLAM PITT, Corp. Boston, 27, s ; painter. Sept. 8, 62. Wounded 

Oct. 64. M. O. May 20, 65. 
FREDERIC GIBSON, Corp. Boston, 21, s; seaman. Sept. 8, 62. Disch. 

May 20. (55. Uuof. 
ALBERT KEZAR, Corp. Boston, 20, s; morocco dresser. Aug. 16, 62. 

Wounded Oct. 19, 64. Disch. May 20, 65. 
MICHAEL LYDON, Corp. Lynn; 19, s ; morocco dresser. Sept. 3, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. Unof. 
WILLIAM O HERN, Corp. Charlestown, 20, s; shoemaker. Aug. 26, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. Unof. 
FREDERICK B. PULLEN, Corp. Cambridge, 18, s ; farmer. Aug. 13, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. 

WILSON THORNBURY, Corp. Cambridge. Aug. 13, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 
JOSEPH BREHM, bugler, Cambridge, 28, m ; baker. Aug. 14, 62. Disch. 
May 20, 65. 



COMPANY F. lix 

FRANK T. PULLEN, bugler, Cambridge, 21, teamster. Aug. 1, (32. Disch 

May 20, 65. Unof. 
PHILIP RADY, bugler, Cambridge, 17, s ; laborer, Aug. 17, 62. Discb. 

disa. March 5, 64. 
MICHAEL MURPHY, drummer, Salem, 18, a; laborer. Aug. 21, 62. Discb. 

(lisa. Nov. 27, 63. 
JAMES BARTON, blacksmith, Salem, 25, m; shoemaker. Aug. 25, 62. Trans. 

22nd Co. 2 Bat. V.R.C. 
ANDY GATELY, cook, en. Port Hudson, 26. Oct. 31, 60. Deserted, July 

30, 64. 
ANDREW HAWKINS, Cook, en. Alexandria, La. 22. May 10, 63, Deserted 

Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., July 28, 65. 
REUBEN WILLIAMS, Cook, 2:?, en. Port Hudson, La. Oct. 31, 63 On 

detached service since May 10, (>4. NO further record. Unof. 
CHARLES B. ABBOT, Lynn, 45, in; shoemaker, Sept. 3, (52. Discb. 

disa. Aug. 21, (53. 
EDWIN A. ANDREWS, Lowell, 25, m.; teamster. July 20, 62. Discb. May 

20, 65. Unof. 
JAMES E. ARNOLD, Salem, 44, in; wheelwright. Aug. 26, 62. Disch. 

disa. Feb. 10, 65. 
NATHAN K. ATKINS, Cambridgeport, 19, s; glass-cutter. Aug. 22, 62. 

Disch. Dec. 4, 62. 
CALVIN S. BAILEY, Hanover, 35, in ; shoemaker. Dec. 31, 63. Died 

Sept. 24, 64, Baltimore, Md. 
MICHAEL BARKER, Lynn, 22, s; shoemaker. Jan. 2(5. 64. Wounded 

Sept. 1<>, 64. Discb. Juue 23, (55. 
DAVID BECKETT, Cambridge, 22, s; engineer. Aug. <>, (52. Discb. May 

May 21, 65. Unof. 
WILLIAM J. BECKETT, Cambridge, 31), m; teamster. Aug. <), 62. Disch. 

May 20. 65. Unof. 
HENRY BOHNSOCK, B >ston, 2<), m ; seaman. Sept. Hi, 62. Discb. disa. 

June. 65. 
JAMES BOYLE, Mayo, Ireland, en. East Boston. 35, m ; laborer. Oct. 21, 

63. Discb. April 5, 64. Unof. 
JOHN BRITTON. Salem, 38, s; seaman. Sept. 11. (52. Disch. disa. Aug. 

24, (53. 
JAMES BROWN, Cambridge, 35, m ; laborer. Sept. 4, 62. Disch. June 13, 

65, Read vi lie, Mass. 
SHUBEL L. BUMPU3, Lynn, 44, m; shoemaker, Sept. 3, 62. Disch. disa. 

March 8, 64. 

CHARLES H. BURGESS, Salem, 18. Oct. 27, 62. No further record. 
MICHAEL CAIRNS, East Cambridge, 27, m; laborer. Jan. 18, 64- Discb. 

June 21, 65. 



Ix THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

PATRICK CANNON, Lowell, 33, m; laborer. Aug. 9, 62. Disch. disa. 

Feb. 20, 63. 
FRANK CARRIGAN, Lynn, 44, s; morocco dresser. Sept. 3, 62. Trans- 

to Co. I, 3rd Regt. V.R.C. and discharged for disability, Oct. 15, 64. 
JOHN CASHMAN, Lowell, 28, in; machinist. July 20, 62. Disch. disa- 

Feb. 20, 63. 

JAMES. T. CLAMPITT, E. Boston, 22, s ; painter. Aug. 26, 62. Disch. 
May 20, 65. 

CORNELIUS A. COLLINS, en. Boston, Cr. Templeton, 21, s ; clerk. Dec. 

31, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

HUGH COLLINS, Lynn, 18, m; teamster. Aug. 29, 62. Disch. May 20. 65- 
JAMES COLLINS, JR. Lynn, 19, s; shoemaker. Oct. 27, 62. Trans, to 

V.R.C. and M. O. July 11, 65. 

LEONARD J. COTTLE, Boston ; 28, in ; teamster. Sept. 8, 62, Disch, disa. 
Oct. 12, 63. 

HANDY CROOK, Boston, 41, in; porter. Sept. 9, 62. Died, prisoner of 

war, Salisbury, N.C. Jan. 21, 65. 
SAMUEL B. CROSS. North Reading, 44, m; farmer. July 18, 62. Died 

Oct. 26, 63, Memphis Tenn. 
ALVAII G. CROSSLEY, Cambridge, 41. m ; machinist. Aug. 11, 62. Disch 

disa. Nov. 20, 63. 
MICHAEL DEMPSEY, Concord, 45, m; farmer. Sept. 11, 62. Disch. June 

10, 65. 
WILLIAM H. H.EMERY, Cambridge, 29, in ; printer, Sept. 11, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. Unof. 
WILLIAM FOSTER, Cambridge, 18, s; tinsmith. Aug. 19, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. Unof. 
JOHN FRASIER, E. Boston, 22, s; plumber. Aug. 26, 62. Disch. disa. Aug. 

24, 63. 
CHARLES H. FULLER, Lynn, 20, s; seaman. Sept. 20, 62. Disch. disa 

Feb. 20, 63. 
TIMOTHY GALLIVAN, Lynn, 18 s; shoemaker. Sept. 29, (52. Disch. May 

20, 65. Unof. 
JOSEPH GLAESNER, Roxbury, 41, m; farmer. Sept. 25, 62. Disch. Nov. 

20, 62. Unof. 
WILLIAM GORMLEY, Boston, 38, in; teamster. Sept. 8, 62. Deserted Nov. 

8, 62, New York City. 
ROBERT GUILD, Boston, 21, s; papcrmaker. April 6, 64. Died July 14, 

64. New Orleans, La. 

PATRICK HAGAN, Boston, 29, m; laborer. Aug 8, 62, Disch. May 21. 65. 
DANIEL HALLORAN, Cambridge, 37, m; laborer. Aug. 19, 62. Disch. 

disa. Aug. 24, 63. 



COMPANY F. Ixi 

CHARLES D. JOHNSON, Cambridge, 33 m; laborer. Sept. 8, 62. Died, pris 
oner of war, June 13, 64. 
MICHAEL KERRIKAN, Greenfield. Jan. 2, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. Prior 

serv. 
JACOB KNOPKEE, Boston, 43, s; seaman. Sept. 13, 62. Wounded Sept. 

19, 64. Disch. June 20, 65. 
WILLIAM LAMB, Lynn, 28 s; seaman. Aug. 27, 62. Deserted Dec. 4, 62. 

New York City. 
WILLIAM LAWS, Cambridge, 45, m ; pvano-maker. Sept. 2, 62. Died Dec. 

12, 63. Port Hudson, La. 
THOMAS LAWSON, Cambridge, 40 in; carpenter. Aug. 27, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. 
WILLIAM LEAVITT, Boston, 31. Sept. 27, 62. Deserted Deo. 4, 62, New 

York City. 
CHARLES A. LOUD, Salem, 21, m ; sparmaker. Aug. 19,62. Disch. Aug. 

26, 63, to accept com. as 2nd Lieut. 88th Regt. IT. S. C. Inf. Resigned 

July 10, 64. 
GEORGE B. LOUD, Salem, 18, s; clerk, Aug. 25, 62. Disch. Oct. 16, 63, and 

appointed Com. Serg., 88th Regt. U. S. C. Inf. 2nd Lieut. Co. D. 10th 

Regt. U. S. C. H. Art., Feb. 13, 66. M. O. Feb. 22, 67. 
PATRICK LYNCH, Boston. 43, in; laborer. Sept. 17, 62. Trans. Co. If, 

20th Regt. V. R. C. and disch. Oct, 11, <>5. 

SHUBEL LYNELL, Died prisoner of war, Salisbury, N. C., Nov. 18, 64. 
HENRY M ALLEN, Salem, 18, s ; laborer. Sept. 62. Wounded Oct 19, 64. 

Disch. June 2, 65. Unof. 
THOMAS MALONY, Brookline, 33, m; laborer. Oct 27, 62. Disch. May 20, 

65, Unof. 

JOHN MCCARTHY, Boston, 34, s; groom. Feb. 4, (54. Disch. June. 19, 65. 
JOHN A. McKIE, E. Boston, 19, s ; ship-carpenter. Aug. 19, 62. Wounded 

at Sabine Cross Roads, April 8, 64. Disch. disa. Sept. . 30, 64. 
OWEN McLAUGHLIN, Lynn, 25, m; laborer. Sept. 3, 62. Disoh. May 20, 

65. Unof. 
JAMES B. McPIKE, Boston, 22, s; painter. Sept. 2, 62. Deserted Dec. 4, 

62, New York City 
CHARLES E. MORSE, Cambridge, 44, m ; book-binder. September 1, 62. 

Disch. disa. Sept. 28, 63. 
JAMES MULLIN, Marblehead, 32, m; shoemaker. Aug. 24, 62. Deserted 

Nov. 28, 62, Jamaica, Long Island, N. Y. 
JAMES MUNN, E. Boston, 21, s; baker. Aug. 25, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 

Unof. 
PATRICK J. MURPHY, Lynn, 18, s; shoemaker. Sept. 9, 62. Killed in 

action, Sept. 19, 64, Winchester, Va. 



Ixii THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

PATRICK NAVILL, Salem, 39, in; laborer. Sept. 1, 62. Trans. Co. I, 3rd 

Regt. V.R.C., April 22, (54. M. (). Oct. 18, (55., Acting Corp. 
HENRY H. PRENTISS, Cambridge, 43, in ; printer. Aug. 4, (52. Prisoner 

of war. Disch. June 13, 05, Readville, Mass. 
ABEL PURRINGTON, Gloucester 31, s; mariner. Aug. 30, 62. Deserted 

from Gen. Hospital, Boston, Dec. 12, (52. 
PETER READYMACHER, Boston, 25, in; seaman. Sept. 1(5, 62. Deserted 

Nov. 8, 62, New York City. 
WILLIAM. H. REED, Cambridge, 18, s; seaman. Sept. 5, 62. Deserted 

Feb 1, 65. 

JOHN RIPLEY, Lynn, 38, s; shoemaker. Sept. 3, 62. Trans, to V. R. C. 
May 31, 64. 

THOMAS D. ROGERS, Chelnnford, 35, in ; carpenter. Aug. 12, (52. Disch. 
disa. Feb. 20, 63. 

JOHN RYAN, Salem, 26, m; seaman. Sept. 1, 62. Deserted Nov. 8, 62, 
New York city. 

JOHN SMITH, South Boston, 42, m ; slater. Feb. 8, (54. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
RICHARD T. STONE, Cambridge 37, m; hostler. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. 
disa. Jan. 19, 64. 

FELIX TALBOT, Cambridge, Cr. Framingham, 29, ni ; glass-maker. Sept. 

14, 64. Disch. May 1<), 65. Unof. 
GEORGE H. TASKER, Rochester, N. H. 20, s ; farmer. Oct. 27, 62. Died 

March 27, 63. Baton Rouge, La. Unof. 
GEORGE E. THOMAS, Cambridge, 18, s; farmer. Aug. 7, (52. Disch. disa. 

June 30, 63. 
OSCAR THURSTON, East Boston, 18, s; clerk. Sept. 19, 62. Disch. May 

30, (55. Unof. 
JEREMIAH TOWLING, Lynn, 40, m; shoemaker. Sept. 3, 62. Disch. disa. 

Nov. 3, 64. 
EDWARD P. WHITE, Cambridge, 30, m. laborer. Jan. 13, (54. Wounded 

Sept. 19, 64. Died of wounds Oct. 9, 64, Washington, D. C. 
DANIEL WHOLLEY, East Cambridge, 26, s; morocco dresser. Jan. 14, 64. 

Deserted Oct. 30, (54, while on furlough. 
JOHN WILLIAMS, Bangor, Ale. Cr. Norton. 21, s ; seaman Dec. 14, 63. 

No further record. 
JOSEPH WOOD, Cambridge, 35, m ; cabinet maker. Aug. 14, 62. Disch. 

disa. Nov. 16. 63. 



Ixiii 



COMPANY G. 



JOHN P. FITZGERALD, 1st Sergt. Lowell, 27, s; painter. Aug 10, 62. 
Disch. disa. Sept. 23, 63. 

JAMES BRENNAN, Q.-M. Sergt. Boston, 24, m; bostler. July 17, 62. 
Wounded Sept. 19, 64. Disch. disa. Jan. 26, 65. 

WILLIAM H. KING, Com. Sergt. Providence, R.I. 23; sailor. Oct. 29, 62. 
Disch. July 21, 65. 

PATRICK DUNLAY, Sergt. Braintree, 19, s ; farmer. Aug. 1, (52. Disci). 

May 20/65. Unof. 
CHARLES M. PHILBRICK, Sergt. Boston, 22, clerk. Oct. 27, 62. Ab. 

sent without leave since June, G5. 

WILLIAM HARRISON, Corp. Lowell, 35, m; trader. July 24, 62. Disch. 
May 20, 65. Unof. 

MICHAEL McKEEVER, Corp. Lowell, 24. s; clerk. July 24, 62. Disch. disa 
Oct. 2, 63. 

CHARLES MULLIGAN, Corp. Lowell, 27, s ; artillery-man. July 24, 62. 

Died from wounds received in action, Nov. 30, 63, Port Hudson, La. 
AMORY H. SHATTUCK, Corp. Natick, 36, in ; Cordwainer. Jan. 2, 64. 

Disch. disa. Oct. 10, 64, Boston, Mass. 

CORNELIUS MURPHY, Corp. Lowell, 30. m; laborer. Aug. 9, 62, Disch. 
May 20, 65. 

JOHN CASEY, musician, Lowell, IS, s; laborer. Aug. 9, (52. Trans. Co. I, 

3rd Regt. V. R. C. April 22, 64. M.O. Oct, IS, 65. 
DENNIS QUINLAN, Musician, Lowell, IS, s; operative July 31, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. Unof. 
STEPHEN FLURDY, Cook, en. Port Hudson, La. 2S. July 1, 63. Died 

Aug. 2, 64. Sprague Hosp. N. C. 
HENRY GREEN, Cook, en. Port Hudson, La. 35. Sept. 1, 63. Deserted 

July 16, 64. Unof. 
ANDREW HAWKINS, Cook, Virginia; cook. May 10, 63. Dropped from 

records, June 65. Unof. 

ANTHONY JONES, Cook, en. Port Hudson, La. 19. July 1, 62. Oil de 
tached service since March 13, 64. Unof. 

JAMES M. MANNING, Cook, en. Alexandria, 22. May 10, 63. Returned 
with Regiment to Boston, 1S65. 



Ixiv THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

GREEN RICHARDSON, Cook, en. Port Hudson, La. Sept. 1, 63, Disch. 

July 28, 65. 
JOHN BAG LEY Eist Cambridge, 27, s; laborer, Jan. 13, 64. Wounded 

Sept. 19, 64. Trana. 36th Co. V. R. C. May 26, 65. Disch, Sept. 4, 65. 

JOHN BARTON Disch. disa. July 17, 63. 

CHARLES S. BRIGHAM, Boston, 43, teamster. Oct. 29, 62. Disch. disa. 

Sept. 23, 63. 
PATRICK CAMPBELL", Lowell, 38, m; horse-doctor. Aug. 6, 62. Disch. 

June 1, 65. 

JOHN CORNEY, Lowell, 18, s ; laborer. Aug. 9, 62. M. O. May 30, 65. 
MICHAEL COSTELLO, Lowell, 18, s; laborer. Aug. 13, (52. Died July 15, 

63, Baton Rouge, La. 
GARRETT CONLAN, Lowell, 28, m; laborer. Aug. 13, 62. Died, prisoner 

of war, Salisbury, N. C., Dec. (>4. Unof. 
MICHAEL CONWAY, Lowell, 38, m; mason. Aug. 14, 62. Disch. disa, 

Jan. 18, 64. Unof. 
MICHAEL DAILEY, 2ND, Boston, 40, in; laborer, Dec. 2, 63. Disch. June 

9, 65, Washington, D.C. 
MICHAEL DAILY, Lowell, 21, s ; laborer. Aug. 4, 62. Disch. May 25, 65. 

Unof. 
SIMON DALY, Chelmsford, 21, a; farmer. Aug. 14, 62. Disch, May 20, 

65. Unof. 
JOHN DAVIS, Boston, 26, s; carpenter. Nov 1, 62. Deserted Dec. <>, 62 

New York city. 
TIMOTHY DEMPSEY, Lowell, 20, s; laborer. Aug 6, (52. Disch. Ma- 

20, 65. Unof. 

JAMES DONAHUE, New Britain, Conn. Cr. Longmeadow, 25, s ; mechanic. 
Jan. 5, 64. Died Aug. 10, 64. 

MICHAEL O DONNELL, Boston, 22, s; musician. Jan. 18, 64. Deserted 
July 31, 64, Algiers, La. 

PETER DONAHUE, Lowell, 18, s; laborer. July 3, (52. Disch. May 20, 65. 

Unof. 

DANIEL FINNEGAN, Lowell. Aug. 21, 62. M. O. May 20, 65. 
MICHAEL FINNELY, Lowell, 21, s; farmer. Aug. 14, 62. Wounded, 

Sept. 19, 64. M. O. May 20, 65. 

THOMAS FLANAGAN, Phila. Pa. Cr. Chelsea, 29, m ; soldier. Jant 14, 64. 
Absent without leave since June, 65. 

JAMES FORD, New London, Conn. 17, s; farmer. Nov. 1, 62. Deserted 

Nov. 25, 62, L. I. 
FRANK E. FREY, Portland, Me. Cr. Boston, 19 s; clerk. Feb. 13, 64- 

Disch. for promotion in U.S.C.T. Dec. 16, 64. 
OWEN GIB NEY, Lowell, 21, s; farmer. Aug. 15, 62. Deserted Dec. 3, 63- 



COMPANY G. Ixv 

JOHN GORMAN, Lowell, 18, s; laborer. July 21, 62. Deserted July 16, 64, 

Algiers, La. 
THOMAS GORMAN, Bugler, Lowell, 18, s; laborer. July 17, (52. Disch. 

May 20, 65, Unof. 
JAMES GONGE, Boston, 1); l>lacksmith. Oct. 31, 62. Deserted Nov. 6, 62. 

New York city. 
JOHN GRAN VfLLE, Lowell, 18, s ; laborer. July^l 2, 62. Killed in action, 

Sept. li), 64, Winchester, Va. 
DANIEL GRA.Y, St. Davis, N. S. Cr. Chelsea, 18, s ; seaman. Dec. 14, 63- 

Died Dec. 2, 64, Danville, Va. 
MICHAEL A. GRIFFIN, Lawrence, 21, s; teacher. Aug. 22, 62. Disch. (lisa. 

Sept. 22, 63. 

JAMES GROOMS, Lowell, 30, m ; laborer. Aug. 10, 62. Discb. (lisa. Jan. 

2<), (>>. 

SOLOMON HALL, Boston, 3), in ; baker. Nov. 1, ({2. Disch. (lisa. Sept. 
23, 63. (Also entered on rolls as George Baker.) 

WILLIAM HANI FIN, Lowell ; 25, in, laborer. Aug. 5, 62. Disch. May 20, 

65. Unof. 
MAURICE HEALY, Sydney, N. S., 27, m; laborer. Aug. 12, 62. Dishon. 

disch. Aug. 17, 63. 
WILLIAM HEFFIRON, Lowell, 40, in; mason. Aug. 8, 62 Disch, May 

26, 65. 
JOHN HODGE, Lowell, :56, in; fanner. July 31, 62. Disch. disa. Jan. 18, 64. 

Unof. 
JAMES HUGHES, Melrose, 32, in; farrier. April 14, 64. Deserted July 

31, 64, Baltimore, Md. 
MATTHEW JEFFERS, Lowell, 20, s; laborer. Aug. 4, 62. Died Oct. 23, 63, 

Port Hudson, La- 

DANIEL KELLY, Lynn, 21, m; shoemaker. Aug. 13, 62. Deserted Nov. 

6, 62, New York city. 
JOHN KENNY, IST, Lynn, 42 s; laborer. Aug 11, 62. Disch. May 25, 65. 

JOHN KENNY, 2ND, Lowell, 18, s; laborer. Aug. 11, 62. Died at Anderson- 
ville, Ga., Aug. 23, ( A. Unof. 

JOHN LA CLAIRE, Worcester, 23, s; bootmaker. Feb. 2, 64. Died Sept. 

28, 64, Baltimore, Md. 
EDWARD MALFORD, Roxbury, 28, s ; laborer, Dec. 31, 63. Disch. disa. 

Nov 30, 64. 

CHARLES H. MARTIN, Boston, 29, s; farmer. Oct. 62. Died Aug 15, 63. 

Baton Rouge, Louisiana. 
JEREMIAH MCCARTHY, Lowell, 37, m; operative. Nov. 1. 62. Disrh. 

disa. July 28, 65, 



Ixvi THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

JAMES McELROY, Lowell, 26, m; laljorer. July 30, 62. Disch. Aug. 17, 65. 
EDWARD McKEEVER, Lowell, 29, s; hostler. Aug. 10, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. Unof. 
JAMES McKENNA, Lowell, 18, s; laborer. July 23, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 

Unof. 
BERNARD McKXIGHT, Taunton, 27, s; laborer. September 3 62. Died 

prisoner of war, August 10, 64, Andersonville. Ga. Unof. 
BERNARD McLAUGHLIN, Lowell, July 29, 62. Died June 5, 63, Port 

Hudson, La. Unof. 
JAMES McLAUGHLIN, Lowell, 18 s; laborer. Aug 22, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. Unof. 
ROBERT McNABB, Lowell, 3(5, m ; laborer. July 23, 62. Wounded Sept. 

19, 64. Disch. May 20, (55. Unof. 

MATTHEW McNIFF, Lowell, 35, s ; laborer. July 28, 62. Disch. disa. April 

1, 65. Unof. 
JOHN MEADE, Lowell, -30, m : tailor. Aug. 4. 62. Trans. Co. H, 20th Regt. 

V.R.C. Sept. 1, 64. Disch. Oct. 11, 65. 
MICHAEL MULCAHY, Lowell^ 22, in; laborer. Aug. 10, 62. M.O.May 

20, 65. 

RICHARD MURRAY, Lowell, 18, s ; laborer. Aug. 8, 62. Disch. May 20, 

65. Unof. 
HOSEA NOYCE, Boston, 44, m; painter, Nov. 1, 62. Died March 3, 64. 

New Orleans, La. 
JOHN PARTON, Lynn, 30,ra; operative. Nov. 1, 62. Disch. disa. Jan. 17, 63. 

PETEft ROURKP], Lowell, 32, m; laborer. Aug. 10, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 
Unof. 

WILLIAM A. SHERIDAN, Messina, Sicily, Cr. East Bridgewater, 27, m ; 

soldier. March 7, 64. Deserted July 31, 64, Algiers, La. 
MICHAEL SLINE, Lowell, 42, m; laborer. Aug. 10, 62. Deserted Nov. 

25, 62, New York city. 
JASON SMITH, Lawrence, 23, m; laborer. Aug. 18, 64. .Wounded Oct. 

19, 64. Disch. June 15, 65, Annapolis, Md. 
JOHN S. SMITH, Boston, 23; carpenter. Oct. 29, 62. Deserted Nov, 25, 

62, New York City. 

PHILIP A. SMITH, Lowell, 42, iu; shoemaker. July 17, 62. Disch. May 
20, 65. Unof. 

THOMAS SMITH, Boston, 24, s; mason. Dec. 19, 63. Disch. disa. Jan. 6, 65. 
HUGH TAGUE, Lowell, 28, m; machinist. Aug. 2, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 
Unof. 

WILLIAM TIERNAY, Taunton, 41, ni ; laborer. Sept. 3, 62. Died, An- 
dersonville, Ga. July 31, 64, prisoner of war. 



COMPANY G. Ixvii 

LUCIEN M. TITUS, Prescott, 28, s ; butcher. Sept. 1, 64. Diach. May 20, 65. 

Uuof. 
OSCAR A. TITUS, Prescott, 25, 8; farmer. Sept. 1, 64. Disch. May 20, 

65. Unof. 
WILLIAM M. TOURTILLOTTE, Prescott, 26; farmer. Sept. 1, 64. Disch. 

M*y 20, 65. Unof. 
DENNIS TRACEY, Lowell, 32, in ; laborer. Adg. 21, 62. Disch. disa. Jan. 

18, 64. Unof. 
BRADBURY E. TRUE, Boston, 31, s; carpenter. Oct. 31, 62. Deserted, 

Dec. 2, 62, New York city. 
WILLIAM TWOMEY, Lowell, 18, s; laborer. Aug. 11, 62. Disch. June 

1, 65. 
GEORGE H. UPTON, Prescott, 22, s; farmer. Sept. 1, 64. Disch, May 

20, 65. 
MARCUS VAUGHN, Irving, 24, m; mechanic. Sept. 17, 64. Disch. May 

May 20, (55. Prior serv. 
CHARLES F. WARNER, Prescott; : m; farmer. Sept. 1, 64. Disch. May 

25, 65. Unof. 
GEORGE WILSON, Lowell, 21, s: laborer. June 12, 62. Died, March 19, 64. 

Richmond. V&. Unof. 



Ixviii 



COMPANY H. 



NATHAN W. JOSSELYN, 1st Sergt. Boston, 21, a; clerk. Sept. 22, 62. 

Disch. (lisa. Nov. 2, 63. 
FRANCIS II. CARVER, Sergt. Natick, 37, ra ; printer. Sept. 19, 02. Disch. 

Nov. 28, 64, to .accept commission as 1st Lieut. 81st Regt. U.S.C. Infantry. 

M. O. Nov. 30, 66. 
PATRICK J. MONKS, Sergt. South Boston, 41, m. ; teamster. Oct. 15, 62. 

Disch. July 21, 63. 
EDWARD BARKER, Corp. Charlestown, N. H., 39, m ; minister. Oct. 11, 62. 

Disch. Feb. 15, 63, to become Chaplain 91st N.Y. Vol. Resigned July 

28, 64. 
WILLIAM J. BECK, Corp. Boston, 36, in ; carpenter. June 18, 62. Died 

of wounds May 18, 64. 
THOMAS S. BP^NSON, Corp. Farmington, Me. en. Boston, 32, s; physician. 

Sept. 26, 62. Disch. dUa. Aug. 24, 63. 
GEORGE E. LONG. Corp. Northrield, 22, s ; engineer Sept. 30, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. Unof. 
JOSEPH MARCKRES, Corp. 24, m ; bar-tender. Sept. 20, 62. Deserted 

Feb. 1, 65. 
JOHN McNAMARA, Corp. Roxbury, 33, m; soldier. Nov. 28, 63. Disch. 

June 16, 64. 
JOHN H. HARMON, Musician, Boston, 16, s; clerk. Oct 27, 62. Disch. 

disa. Feb. 6, 65. 
DEDRICK THOMAS, Musician, Boston, 18, s; shoemaker. Oct. 27, 62. 

Trans, to Co. I, 3rd Regt. V.R.C. Sept. 20, M. 
DAVID HAINES, Cook, en. Port Hudson, La. 20. Nov. 1, 63. Deserted 

July 28, 65, Ft,. Leavenworth, Kan. 
JOHN JOHNSON, Cook, en. Port Hudson, La. 20. Dec. 12, 63. Absent, 

sick, Sept. 64. No further record. Unof. 
THOMAS MITCHELL, Cook, en. Port Hudson, 26. July 1, 63. Disch. 

disa. Nov. 15, 65. Unof. 
JACOB WILLIAMS, Cook", en. Port Hudson, La. 21. Oct, 1, 63. Disch. 

disa. Nov. 9. 65. Unof. 



COMPANY H. Ixix 

WALTER D. ALLEN, North Bridgewater, 21, s; Feb. 13, 64. Wounded 

Sept. 19, 64, and died of wounds, Oct. 29, 04. 
JOHN A. BAILY, Charlestown, 43, m ; carpenter. Sept. 26, 62. Died June 

28, 63. 
EDWARD E. BARKER. Discli. July 27, (53. 

GEORGE W. BEAL, Natick, M, in; photographer. Jan. 2, 64. Killed 

May 18, 64. Louisiana. Unof. 
FRANK BEMIS, Boston, 43, in; wool-dresser. Oct. 27, (52. Disch. July 29, 

66. 
JOSHUA BENSON, Roxbury, 42, in; housewright, Sept. 17, 62, Disch. disa- 

Feb. 20, 63. 

HENRY J. BESSE, Falmoulh, IS s; farmer. Feb. 23, 64. Died Aug. 8, (54. 
ALPHEUS W. BUEL, Natick, 21, card-weaver. Jan. 4, 64. Disch. disa. 

May 8, 64. 
WILLIAM S. CALDNVELL, Roxbury, 21, m; sailor. Oct. 15, 62. Absent 

sick on M. O. Regt. Sept. 28/65. 
THOMAS CALLAGHAN, Clinton, 36, in ; laborer. Jan. 5, (54. Disch. May 

26, 65. 
DANIEL COLBERT. Disch. disa. Sept. 23, (53. 

MATTHEW COOK, Boston, 30, in; carpenter. October 27, 62. - Disch. Jan. 

18, (54. 
CHARLES COOLEDGE, Boston, 22; s ; shoemaker. Sept. 17, 62. Deserted 

Nov. 30, 62, Jamaica, L. I. 
GEORGE CUMMENGS, Middleboro. 35, in; trader. Feb. 20, 64. Died July 

25, 64. 
ROBERT CURRIE, Boston, 21, s; mariner. Sept. 29, (52. Deserted Nov. 28, 

(52, Jamaica, L. I. 
WILLIAM R. DAVIS, Boston, 22, s; clerk. Sept. 29, (52. Died Sept. 2, 63 

Baton Rouge, La. 
JOHN DEVLIN JK. Boston, IS, s; farmer. Jan. 4, (54. Died Nov. 29, 64. 

Boston. 
PATRICK DOLAN, Roscomtnon, Ireland, Cr. E. Boston, 34, in; currier. Oct. 

21, 63. Disch. diaa. June 17, 65. 
EDMUND DUGGAN, Boston, 44, m ; baker. Oct. 20, (52. Disch. disa. Jan. 

18, 64. 
JOHN L. DUNCAN, Boston 41, m ; carpenter. Sept. 30, (52. Disch, Disa. 

June 13, 63. New Orleans, La. 
EDWIN T. EHRLACHER, Newburyport, 18, s: fanner. Aug. 1, 62. Disch. 

disa. Jan. 18, 64, New Orleans, La. 
JOSEPH ELLERY. Brookline, Me. 35, in ; sailor. Oct. 17, 62. Disch. disa. 

March 13, 63. 

JOSEPH ELLIOTT, Georgetown, 18, s ; shoemaker; Dec. 12, 63. Died 
Aug. 29. 64, Georgetown, Mass. 



ixx THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

THOMAS FLYNN, Boston, 37, s; marble-worker. Oct. 26, 62. Trans, to 
V. R. C. "April 22, (54. Unof. 

HENRY FROST, Boston, 25. Oct. 23, 62. Deserted Nov. 9, G2, New York 
city. 

EDWIX GARDNER, Dennis, 25. Oct. 25, 62. Deserted Nov. 29, 62, Ja 
maica, Long Island. 

REUBEN A. GARLICK, Dartmouth, 20, s; farmer. Felt. 22, 64. Kil e 1 in 
action, Sept. 19, 64, Winchester, Va. 

JOHN GATELY, Clinton, 21, s; shoemaker. Jan. 5, 64. Killed in action, 

Sept. 19, 64, Winchester, Va. 
THOMAS GEER, East Kingston, N.H., 30, in; sailor. Oct. 18, 62. Di.-d June 

10, 65. 
JOHN G1LMORE, New Bedford, 21,s; seaman. March 28, 64. Deserted 

Sept. 64. 

THOMAS GILL, Barre, 23, s; farmer. Nov. (5, 63. Deserted Aug. "64. 
ERASTUS GOULD, L lwretice, 3!), in; laborer. Sept. 27, 62. Trans, to 

5th Co. 1st Batt. V.R.C.- April 22, 63. Disch. April 18, 64. 

GROS. GR VN \DINO, Boston, 32, in; sailor. Oct. 15, 62. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
ELI HAWKINS, Boston, 25, s ; sailor. Sept. 30, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 

Unof. 
ROBERT HILL, Rockport, 22, s ; sailor. Oct. 22, 62. Deserted, Nov. 30, 62, 

Jamaica, L. I. 

JAMES HICKEY, Worcester, 24, s; mechanic. Jan. 16, 64. Deserted Aug. 64. 
MARTIN HE ALE Y. Clinton; 28, s; laborer. Jan. 5, 64. Disch. June 26, 65. 

FRANCIS T. HAZLEWOOD, Boston, 43, in; piano-maker. Sept. 22, 62. 

Died Jan. 29, 64, New Orleans, La. Unof. 
WILLIAM H. HOLDEN, Stonehain, 30, m. Sept. 28, 62. Died Sept. 19, 63, 

Baton Rouge, La. 
RANDALL F. HUNNEWELL, Salem, Me. 28, s; laborer, Oct. 22, 62. Killed 

in action, May 1, 64. Unof. 
THOMAS F. JOHNSON, Charlestown, 38, m ; carver. Sept. 26, 62. Disch. 

disa. Unof. 
JOHN KELLY, Boston, 26, m; sailor. Sept. 30, 62. Wounded Sept. 19, 64, 

Disch. May 20, 65. Unof. 

JOHN KENNEY, 28, Sept. 30, 62. M. O. May 21, 65. 

JEREMIAH LAUGHLIN, Boston, 42, m; laborer. Sept. 22, 62. Disch. 

.May 20, 65. 
MICHAEL MASTERSON, Boston, 21, s; laborer. Sept. 18, 62. Disch. 

disa. Fel). 20, 63. 
NATHAN M A YNARD. Boston, 44, m; farmer. Sept. 18, 62. Disch. disa. 

May 20, 63. Sub. serv. 



COMPANY H. Lxxi 

CHARLES McANNEY, Medford, 41, in ; tailor. Sept. 2 ( .t, 62. Disch. (lisa. 

June 1, 03. Uuof. 

JAMES MoGINLEY, Boston, 21. s; waiter. Oct.. 21, 02. M. O. Sept. 28, 05. 
MAURICE McGRATH, Cainbridgeport, 33, in ; paperhanger. Sept. 29, (52. 

Disch. May 20, 65. Unof. 
JOHN MeMANN, Boston, 44, m ; laborer. Sept. 27, (32. Disch. (lisa. June 2, 

03. Uuof. 
GEORGE MERRY, Boston, 28, m ; coachman. Sept. 18, 02. Disch. May 20, 

65. Unof. 

CHARLES MILLER, Cainbridgeport, 30, s; painter. Oct. 22, 02. M. O 

Sept. 28, 05. 

CHARLES MONROE. Died Aug. 2, (53, New Orleans, La. 
ABSALOM MORRILL, St. John, N.S., 22, s; farmer. Oct. 1, 02. Disch. (lisa. 

Feb. 20, 03. 
JAMES NOONAN, Charlestown, 21, TU; hostler. Sept. 24, 02. Wounded 

Sept. 19, 04. Prisoner of war, October 19, 04. Disch. May 20, 05. Unof. 
CHRISTIAN OBERLANDER, Boston, 39, in; cook. Sept. 22, (52. Deserted 

Nov. 1<), *62, Jamaica L. I. 

JAMES PALMER, Blackstone, 24; laborer. Disch. (lisa. Feb. 20, 03. 
JAMES PEARSON, Boston, 27. m; tailor. Sept. 24, (52. Disch. disa. March 

13, 03. Unof. 

WILLIAM PETHIE, Worcester, 21, s ; hostler. Sept. 25, 02. Disch. May 
20, 05. Unof. 

SAMUEL W. PRESCOTT, Lowell. 40, in ; laborer. Oct. 18, 02. Disch. disa. 

Feb. 20, 03. 
PATLUCK RILEY, Boston, :{5, m; laborer. Sept!), 02. Disch. (lisa. Jan. 18 

04. Unof. 
SOLOMON SHUMWAY, Belchertowu, 31, m ; clerk. Jan. 5, 04. Disch. 

June 9, 65. 

BERNARD SMITH, Boston, 41, s; printer. Oct. 15, 02. Disch. May 8, 05 
JOHN SPELLM AN, Boston, 32. m ; cook. Sept. 22, 02. M. O. Sept. 28, 05. 
CORNELIUS SPLANN, Boston, 25, s; sailor. Sept. 20, 02. Disch. disa. 

Aug. 2, 63. 
ALVIN B. STUDLEY, Natick, 18, s; hatter. Jan. 0, 04. Died Jan. 27, 05, 

Baltimore, Md. 

JOHN SULLIVAN, Boston, 43, m; laborer, Sept. 20, 02. Disch. (lisa. May 

8, 64. 
JOHN TRAHAN, Boston, 28, s; baker. Sept. 22, 02. Trans, to Co. I, 3rd 

Regt. V.R.C. Sept. 22. 04. M. O. Oct. 18, 05. 
MATTHEW TRUMBULL, Lowell, 18, s; laborer. Sept. 22, f (52. Trans, to 

Co. I, 3d Regt. V.R.C. Sept. 22, 04. M. O. Oct. 18, 65. 



Ixxii THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

PATRICK TULLY, Boston, 33, rn ; marble polisher. Sept 22, 62. Trans, to 
Co. I, 3.1 Regt. V.R.C. Sept 22, (54. M.O. Oct 18, 65. 

JOHN VAUGHAN, South Boston, 42, in ; baker. Oct. 18, 62. Died on Govt. 
Trans. May 10, 64. Unof. 

JOHN VELISCRO3S, Boston, 21, in; sailor. October 15, 62. Missing in 
action A])ril 8, 64. N () further record. Unof. 

PATRICK J. WATERS, Boston, 33, s; clerk. Sept. 19, 152. Disch. May 21, 
65. Unof. 

SAMUEL A. WENTWORTH, Boston, 41, m; provision dealer. Sept. 22, 62. 

Disch. dis i. May 3, 6t, Gallonpe s Island. 
THOMAS WHITE, Boston, 37, s; plasterer. Sept. 22, 62. Trans, to Co. K, 

3d. Regf.. V.R.C. , March 6, 64. Disch. disa. April 18, 64. 
GEORGE WILSON, Boston, 18. s; clerk. Oct. 27, 62. Died March lit, 64. 

Richmond Va. Unof. 
GEORGE YOUNG, Salem, 19, s; farmer. Jan. 14, 64. Deserted Aug. 64. 



Irxiii 



COMPANY I. 



CHARLES H. ABBOTT, 1st Sergt. Cambridgeport, 24, s; clerk. June 1, 62, 

Present with company Oct. 62. Dropped fiom rolls. En. in Batt. B, 

5th U. S. Art. Dec. 13, 62. 
ANDREW G. KING, Q.-M. Sergt. Quincy, 33, m ; bootmaker. June 4, 62. 

Di.soh. May 20, 65. Unof. 
SUMNER BRAGDOX, Sergt. East Boston, 24, s ; machinist. July 30, 62 

DUeh. May 20, 65. 
JAMES W. CROOK, Sergt. Roxbury, 19, m ; July 18, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 

Unof. 
JAMES O.DANE, Sergt. North Reading, 20, s; shoemaker. July 18, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. Unof. 
JAMES R. DOWNER, Sergt. Lynn, - JO ; shoemaker. Dec. 24, 61. Disch. 

Jan. 2, 65. 
THOMAS LOWE, Sergt. North Truro, 30, m; seaman. July 30, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. Unof. 
WILLIAM McNAIR, Sergt. Randolph, 24, s; shoemaker. June 18, 62. 

Disch. by reason of wounds, Oct. 15, 64. 
JOSEPH F. TIBBETTS, Sergt. Lowell, 21, s; shoemaker. June 4, 62. 

Present with Co. Oct. 62. No later record. (Reported as remaining in 

33rd Regt. Wounded at Gettysburg, and transferred to V.R.C.) Unof. 

GEORGE H. TILESTON, Sergt. Randolph, 25, m ; shoemaker. June 11, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. Unof. 
RUGGLES T. WATTS, Sergt. North Reading, 29, m ; shoemaker. July 18 

62. Killed in action April 8, 64, Sabine Cross Roads. 
CHARLES R. ADAMS, Corp. Franklin, 18, s ; teacher. June 6, 62. Killed 

in action, Sept. 19, 64, Winchester, Va. 
HENRY A. ALDEN, Corp. Randolph, 35, ra ; bootmaker. June 4, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. Unof. 
ROYAL BELCHER, Corp. Braintree, 21, 8; bootmaker. June 2, 62. Disch. 

May 20. 65. Uuof. 
HENRY H. DANE, Corp. North Reading, s; farmer. Aug. 11, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. Unof. 



Ixxiv THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

WILLIAM FARRELL, Corp. Boston, 28, m ; hackman. June 2, 62. Ab 
sent without leave since Feb. 63. 
JAMES GORDON, Corp. Boston - - Aug. 4, 62. M. O. May 20, 65. 

JAMES SMITH, Corp. South Braintree, 37, m ; bootmaker. July 22, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65. Unof. 
BENJAMIN W. TOMLINSON, Corp. East Boston, 19, s ; clerk. June 7, 

62. Disch. May 17, 65. 
GEORGE B. TUCKER, Corp. Boston, 23, s; clerk. June 7, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. Unof. 
WILLIAM FRYE, Bugler, North Reading, 31, m; shoemaker. July 11, 62. 

Disch. (lisa. March 3, 65. 

CHARLES W. GALE, Drummer, Boston, 16, s; clerk. June. 9, 62, Disch. 
Feb. 12, 63, to enlist as music-boy. Gen. R ct Serv. Ft. Columbus, N.Y. 
Harbor. Disch. aa Corp. June 9, 65. 
WILLIAM WINEGAR, Drummer, Barrington, Vt. 16, s; sailor-boy. Aug. a, 

62. Absent without leave since Feb. 63. 

JOHNJ N. HORN. Wagoner. Roxbury, 35, m ; teamster. June 10, 62. De 
tached as Teamster, Oct. 62. No further record. 
WILLIAM BUTLER, Cook, 25. En. Port Hudson, La. Oct. 1, 63. Deserted 

July 27, 65. Fort Leavenworth, Ks. 
WILLIAM WILLIAMS. Cook, en. Port Hudson, La. 24. Oct. 1, 63. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 

GEORGE A. ABBOTT, en. Lynnfleld. Aug. 11, 62. Disch. June 9, 65. 
WILLIAM W. ABBOTT, E. Rumford, Me., en. Waltham, 28, m; black 
smith, Jan. 4, 64. Disch. May 15, 65. Unof. 
BARNEY BAKER, Salem, 44, m ; mason. Aug. 8, 62. Trans, to Co. C, 

14th Regt. V.R.C. July 1, 63. Disch. June 28, 65. 
HENRY F. BAKER, Provincetowu, 26, s; sailor. Aug. 7, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. Unof. 
HENRY C. BARKER, North Reading, 19, s ; clerk. July 18, 62. Absent 

without leave since Feb. 63. 
ZACHARIAH H. BEARS, New Bedford, 22, g; sailmaker. Jan. 11, 64. 

Disch. disa. Jan. 1, 65. 
JOHN BENNIS, Wellfieet, 26, s; seaman. July 30, 62. Disch. May 20, 65. 

Unof. 

JOHN BIGELOW, JR., Randolph, 25, m; farmer. June 18, 62. Disch. May 
20, 65. Unof. 

RICHARD BIRMINGHAM, Abington, 30, m; shoemaker. Dec. 4, 63. 
Trans, to Co. E, 18th Regt. V.R.C. and Disch. Oct. 4, 65. 

CHARLES J. BURDITT, North Reading, 18, a ; shoemaker. July 11, 62. 
M. O. May 20, 65. 



COMPANY I. Ixxv 

JOHN N. BURDITT, North Reading, 19, s; shoemaker. July 11, 02. Disch. 
disa. Dec. 22, 63. 

CHARLES H. BURRILL, Weymouth, 20, s; shoe-cutter. Dec. 8, 63. 

Wounded Sept. 19, 64. Disch. disa. May 24, 65. 
JOSEPH C. BURT, Roxbury, 22, s; steward. Nov. 30, 62. Disch. May 

26, 65. 
JOHN BRIMMER, Wellfleet, 18, s ; farmer. July 18, 62. M. O. Sept. 28, 

65, as absent, sick. 

GEORGE BROWN, Roxbury, 29, m; Pedler. July 9, 62. Disch. May 20, 

65. Unof. 
JOHN CARNES, Roxbury, 18, s ; paper-stainer. July 23, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. 
WILLIAM R. CARNES, Provincetown, 21, s; seaman. July 30, 62. Disch. 

disa. Aug. 24, 63. 

EDWARD CARROLL Deserted Aug. 65 

DANIEL CERTERIUS, Roxbury, 25, in; cloth sponger. Aug. 18, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. 
JACOB CERTERIUS, Roxbury, 18, s; laborer. July 23, 62. Disch, May 

20, 65. Unof. 
PETER CERTERIUS, Roxbury, 42, m ; laborer. July 18, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. Unof. 
AMOS C. CLAPP, South Boston, 40, m ; printer. July 1, 62. On special 

duty, Oct. 62. No further record. 
WILLIAM CLINE, Boston, 40, m; piano-maker. July 28, 62. Wounded Oct. 

19, 64. Disch. disa. April 18, 65.] 

ALPHEUS A. COLBURN, Roxbury, 19, s; shoemaker. July 5, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. Unof. 
MICHAEL CONATON, Roxbury, 19, s ; pedler. July 24, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. Unof. 

CHARLES W. H. CONEY, North Reading, 19, s; shoemaker. July 19, 62. 
Wounded Oct. 19, 64. Disch. July 4, 65. Unof. 

WILLIAM H. CRAWFORD, Brownington.Vt., Cr. Randolph, 31, m; farmer. 

March 25, 64. Disch. June 30, 65. 
JOHN DUNN, Marblehead, 23, s ; seaman. Feb. 29, 64. Deserted Pfaila- 

Penn. 
JOHN H. DODGE, Hampton Falls, N. H., 20, s; farmer. June 9, 62. Disch. 

Aug. 12, 62. Unof. 
MICHAEL DOLAN, Roxbury, 35, in ; laborer. June 26, 62. Disch. disa. 

Sept. 14, 63. 
MICHAEL DOLAN, 2ND, Roxbury, 20, s; laborer. July 22, 62. Wounded 

at Red River. Discb. disa. Sept. 1, 64. 



Ixxvi THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

JOHN F. D ORSAY, West Roxbury, 19, a; clerk. June 7, 62. Wounded at 

Red River. Disch. May 20, 65. Unof. 
ALONZO DRESSER, Charlestown, 35, in; carpenter. Dec. 19, Ti3. Died 

Aug. 20, 64, Washington, D.C. 
JOHN C. DRISCOLL, Lawrence, 36, m ; farmer. June 2, 62 Trans, to 35th 

Regt. M.V. Aug. 14, 62. 
JOHN FINNERTY, West Roxbury, 25, m ; farmer. June 28, 62. Disch. disa- 

Jan. 18, 64. Un f. 
JOHN FOLEY, Roxbury, 30, in ; laborer. July 18, 62. Absent without 

leave since Feb. 63. 
WILLIAM T. FOSTER, Roxbury, 40, in; cigar-maker. July 18, 62. Disch. 

disa. Jan. 18, (34. Unof. 
JAMES L. GARRITY, Boston, 28, m; printer. July 26, 62. Disch. May 

20, 65. Unof. 
EDWARD F. GEER, Randolph, 21, s; engineer. June 13, 62. Disch. disa 

April 23, 63. Unof. 
STEPHEN GERNET, Roxbury, 55, s ; engineer. July 18, 62. Present, 

Oct. 30, 62. No further record. (Reported as remaining with the 33rd 

Regt.) Unof. 
THOMAS J. GIBBONS, Provincetown, 23, s ; tailor. July 30, 62. Died 

Nov. 10, 63, of wounds received in action, Port Hudson, La. 

RUSSEL W. GIFFORD, Wellrleet, 22, s; farmer. June 29,62. Wounded 
at Red River, also at Opequon, Oct. 19, 64. Disch. May 20, 65. 

PETER GLYNN, Roxbury, 44, m; laborer. July 16, 62. Disch. disa. No. 

date. 
ANDREW J. GRAY, Boston, 44, m; trader, June 23, 62. Disch. disa. Jan. 

18, 64. 
JAMES GRAY. En. Lynnfield, Aug. 9, 62. Died, Brashear City, La. July 

17, 63. 
SAMUEL J. HAM, South Boston, 24, s; varnisher. June 4, 62. Disch. 

disa. March 13, 63. Sub. serv. 
JOSEPH A. HAMILTON, Roxbury, 25 m; machinist, July 18, 62. Disch. 

May 20, 65. Unof. 
JOHN HEALEY, E. Cambridge, 27, s; laborer. July 21, 62. Absent sick 

since Aug. 14, 64. No further record. 
STEPHEN HERMON, Roxbury, 40m; laborer. July 23, 62. Disch. disa. 

March 13, 63. 

GEORGE O. HEARN, S. Boston, 30, s ; laborer, July 18, 62. Absent with 
out leave since Feb. 63. 
JOHN HESS, Roxbury ; 40 s ; pedler. July 5, 62. Wounded at Baton Rouge, 

La. Trans, to Co. I, 3d Regt. V.R.C. 






COMPANY I. Ixxvii 

CHARLES HOWARD, London, Eng. En. Boston, 30, s; soldier. Oct 19, 63. 

Captured at Morganza, La. Disch. July 10, 65. Unof. 
CHARLES E. HUNT, Randolph, 23. m; farmer. Jan. 5, 64. Died of wounds 

May 20, 64, New Orleans, La. 
EDWARD S. JAMES. En. Lynnfield, 44, Aug. 5, 62. Died Sept. 7, 62, 

Alexandria, Va. while the company was in 33rd Regt. Unof. 
ALBERT JONES, Charlestown 21, m; fireman. Dec. 3, 63. Disch. June 

13, 65, Prior serv. 
WALTER A. JONES, Randolph, 18; farmer. June 9, 62. Traus. to 14th Co. 

2nd Batt. V.R.C. May 31, (54. Disch. June 30, 65. 
JOHN KENNEDY, Roxbury, 35, m ; tailor. June 30, 62. Disch. disa. Jan. 

20, 63. Unof. 
JOHN KENNY, Roxbury, 31, s; laborer. July 18, 62. Reported to have 

deserted at Bull Run, Va. Nov. 62. Unof. 
PHILANDER M. KING, En. Lynnfield, Aug. 9, 62. Absent since Dec. 62. 

No further record. Unof. 
BERNARD KIRLIN, Roxbury, 36, m ; carpenter. June 26, 62. Absent 

without leave since Feb. 63. 
SAMUEL KNOWLES, North Truro, 39, m ; farmer. July 29, 62. Disch. 

disa. June, 63. 
MICHAEL LAMB, Roxbury, 32, m; stone-cutter, July 9, 62, Disch. May 20, 

65. Utiof. 
CHRISTIAN LIND, Lowell, 18, s ; dyer. June 3, 62. Disch. June 2, (55, 

Boston, Mass. 
PEGOLT LORENTZ BENNENTH, Prus. 26; carpenter. May 9, 62. 

MOSES MANN, West Randolph, 28, m; farmer. Jan. 5, 64. Absent, sick 

since Aug. 1, 64. 
HENRY MILLER, Randolph, 38, s; farmer. Jan. 9, 62. Disch. disa. March 

13, 63. 
THOMAS MORRIS, Roxbury, 38, m ; printer. July 5, 62. No further record, 

A.G.O. Mass. (Reported Disch. disa. Unof.) 

ELIJAH H. NICHOLS, North Reading, 21, s; farmer. July 18, 62. Died, 
July 25, 63, Raton Rouge, La. 

THOMAS C. NICKERSON, Boston, 35, m; laborer. July 22, 62. Disch. 
May 20, 65. Unof. 

JAMES NUGENT, Lynn, 35, m; shoemaker. June 4, 62. Disch. May 
24, 65. Unof. 

JOHNY PALTONG, New York, City. Cr, Scituate, 28, s; harness-maker. 
Feb. 2, 64. Died June 8, 65, Cumberland, Md. 

WILLIAM M. PECKHAM, Petersham, 18 s; printer. Oct. 21, 63. No fur 
ther record, A. G. O. Mass. (Reported wounded, Red River, La. Unof.) 



Ixxviii THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

MARTIN S. POPPY, Randolph, 29, in; carpenter. June 10, 62. Disch. 
(lisa. Nov. 29, 62. 

JOHN PUNCH, Boston, 39, s; laborer. June 6, 62. Absent without leave 
since Feb. 63. 

DANIEL QUINN, Boston, 19, in; mason. June 26, 62. Absent without 
leave since Feb. 63. 

GEORGE REEB, Boston, 25, s; carpenter. June 5, 62. Trans, to 33rd 
Mass. Vol. and M. O. June 11, 65. 

THOMAS O. REILY, Roxbury, 19, s; laborer. July 24, 62. Died of 
wounds Oct. 11, 64, Frederick, Md. 

JAMES RIVETT, Provincetown, 20, s; seaman. July 30, 62. Wounded 

Oct. 19, 64. Disch. May 20, 65. 
CURTIS B. ROBINSON, Chesea, 32, s ; blacksmith. Dec. 2, 63. Disch. 

Disa. Aug. 19, "64. 

WILLIAM L. SCHMALHOF, Roxbury, 22, s; printer. July 18, 62. 

Wounded Sept. 19, 64. Trans, to V.R.C. 
JEREMIAH O. SULLIVAN, Boston, 44, s; tailor. June 20, 62. Disch. 

Feb. 24, 63. Unof. 
OREN T. THAYER, Randolph, 22, in; bootmaker. June 23, 62. Disch. disa, 

March 13, 63. Unof. 
EUGENE VANDENKERCHOVEN, Boston, 24, s; clerk. June 12, (52. 

Disch. disa. April 18, 64. 

MICHAEL WELSH, South Bridgewater, 38, m; engineer. Aug. 6, 62. Ab 
sent without leave since Feb 28, 63. 
HENRf W. WINSBY, South Boston, 21, m; tailor. July 24, 62. Absent 

without leave since Feb. 63. 
SAMUEL II. WHORF, Truro, 32, s ; seaman. July 30, 62. Disch. May 2, 

65. Unof. 



COMPANY K. 



JOHN T. AYERS, Sergt. Braintree, 32, ra ; mechanic. July 18, 62. Died 

of wounds, Oct. 19, T>4, Cedar Creek, Va. 

EDWARD BAXNON, Sergt. Braintree, 19, s; mechanic. July 22, 62. Wound 
ed Sept. 22, 64. Disch. May 21, 65. 
LEWIS D. BATES, Sergt. Braintree, 26, m ; bootmaker. July 16, 62. 

Wounded Sept. 19, (54. Disch. May 21, 65. Unof. 
MARCUS CRAM, Sergt. Braintree, 22, m; bootmaker. July 21, 62. Disch. 

disa. Jan. 26, 64. 
OLIVER S. HARRINGTON, Sergt. Braintree, 32, s ; bootmaker. July 31, 62. 

Disch. May 21, 65. Unof. ^ 
HERBERT G. HORTON, Sergt. Bernardston, 21, s ; merchant. July 26, (52. 

Disch. May 30, 63. Unof. 
DAVID II. NEWELL, Sergt. Bernardston, 33, m ; farmer. Aug. 12, 62. 

Disch. May 21, 65. 
WILLIAM W. REYNOLDS, Sergt. Boston, 34, m; shoemaker. June 6, 62. 

Disch. disa. Feb. 6, 65. 

MAJOR TIRRELL, Sergt. Braintree, 21, s ; bootmaker. July 16, 62. Disch. 
May 21, (55. Unof. 

WILLIAM P. CORNING, Corp. Stockhridge, 18, s ; student. Aug. 6, 62. 
Disch. disa. Aug. 24, 63. 

STEPHEN CONNOR, Corp. Braintree. 19, s; bootmaker. July 18, 62. 

Wounded Sept. 19, 64. Disch. May 21, 65. Unof. 
TIMOTHY CURRAN, Corp. Braintree, 18, s; bootmaker. July 21, 62. 

Trans, to V.R.C. Aug. 20, 64. 

WILLIAM H. FRENCH, Corp. Braintree, 21, s; teamster. July 16, (52. 
Disch. May 21, 65. Unof. 

MARTIN HUNT, Corp. Franklin, 19, s; laborer. July 22, 62. Disch. May 
21, 65. Unof. 

JOHN G. INGRAHAM, Corp. Braintree; 31, s; clerk. July 16, 62. Disch. 

Jan. 17, 63, New York city. Unof. 
MOSES A. KEMP, Corp. Boston, 25, s; stone-cutter. Aug. 3, 62. Deserted 

Dec. 5, 62. 



Ixxx THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

JONATHAN S. PAINE, Corp. Braintree, 30, m; bootmaker. July 29, 62. 

Trans, to V.R.C. Aug. 20, 63. 
LEWIS W. POTTER, Corp. Leyden, 21, s ; farmer. July 26, 02. Killed in 

action, Oct. 19, 64, Cedar Creek, Va. 
FAYETT A. THOMPSON, Corp. Bernardston, 22, s; farmer. July 30, 62. 

Disch. May 31, 60. 
WILLIAM A. BISHOP, Bugler, Braintree, 42, m ; bootmaker. July 29, 62. 

Disch. May 30, 65. 
DANIEL W. NILES, bugler, Braintree, 18, 8; bootmaker. July 23, 62. 

Disch. May 21, 65. Unof. 
SETH W. BENNETT, Musician. Abington, 31, m; musician. Aug. 9, 62. 

Trans, to Co. K, 33rd Regt. M.V. Inf. and M. O. June 11, 65. 

EDWARD E. PATTEN, Saddler, Amesbury, 25, s; harness-maker. July 
18, C2. Wounded Oct. 19, 64. Died of wounds, Nov. 15, 64. 

ISAAC RAYMOND, Wagoner, Braintree, 20, s ; hostler. July 22, 62. Disch. 

May 21, 65. Unof. 
JOHN F. ABBEE, South Braintree, 18, a; hostler. Feb. 29, 64. Died, June 

22, 64, Morganza, La. 
FRANK F. ABBOTT, Wilmington, 19, s; painter. Aug. 5, 62. Disch. 

June 5, 65. 
JOHN BARRY, West Randolph, 19, s; sailor. July 22, 62. M. O. Sept. 28. 

65. Unof. 
LEONARD BELCHER, Braintree, 21, s ; bootmaker. July 16, 62. Disch. 

disa. March 1, 63. 
ELISHA S. BOWDITCH, Braintree, 21, s ; bootmaker. Dec. 7. 63. Died 

Sept. 19, 64. 
JAMES E. BURPEE, Braintree, 28, m; bootmaker. July 17, 62. Trans, to 

14th Regt. V..R.C., and disch. Nov. 27, 65. 
ENOS H. HURT, Bernardston, 42, m; farmer. July 26, 62. Trans, to Co. K, 

3rd Regt. V.R.C. and disch. July 5, 65. 
PATRICK CAHILL, Braintree, 23, s; boot-treer. Dec. 12, 63. Disch. July 

5, 65. 
JOSEPH O. CARPENTER, Leyden, 35, m ; farmer, July 30, 62. Wounded 

Sept. 19, 64. Disch. June 3, 65. 

J. E. CAS WELL Deserted March 1, 63. 

CHANDLER COX, Braintree, 24, s; bootmaker, July 22. 62. Disch. May 

21, 65. Unof. 
WILLIAM L. CRAM, Braintree, 18, s; bootmaker. July 22, 62. Disch disa. 

June 10, 63. En. in 4th Cav. Jan. 1, 64. M.O. as Corp. Nov. 14, 65. Unof. 
JOHN CRADDOCK, South Braintree, 32, s; carriage-maker. July 24, 62. 

Disch. May 21, 65. Unof. 



COMPANY K. Ixxxi 

BIRDSEY CURTIS, Braintree, 42, a , tinsmith. July 22, 62. Absent with 
out leave since Feb. 63. 

CHARLES C. DAVIS, Braintree, 23, s; bootmaker. July 16, 62. Discli. 

disa. Jan. 23, 63. 
JOSEPH DISSOTELLE, Braintree, 27, in ; bootmaker. July 17, 62. Disch. 

May 21, 65. Unof. 
MASON DRURY, en. Bernardston, July 26, 62. Disch. March 18, 63. 

Unof. 
CORNELIUS DUGAN, Franklin, 23, s; laborer. July 22, 62. Disch. disa. 

Nov. 5, 63. 
ANTONY DUGOLFS, East Boston, 21, s; fisherman. Oct. 17, 63. Disch. 

May 31, 65. 
DWIGHT S. FAIRMAN, Bernardston, 22, s ; farmer. July 26, 62. Discli. 

May 21, 65. Unof. 
JEWETT FAIRMAN, Bernardston, 18, s; farmer. July 26, 62. Disch. May 

21, 65. Unof. 
JOHN W. FALCONER, Leyden, 24, s; farmer. July 30, 62. Died Jan. 

23, 64, New Orleans, La. 

GILBERT FANNING, Boston, 21, s; sailor. July 7, 62. Disch. disa. March 

24, 63. 

JOHN FLOOD, Braintree, 38, m; tailor. July 21, 62. Disch. May 21, 65 
Unof. 

CHARLES E. FOGG, Braintree. 20 s; bootmaker. July 21, 62. Disch. 
Aug. 9, 65. 

HUGH GALL AHER, Boston, 29, s; blacksmith. Aug. 13, 62. Absent with 
out leave since Feb. 63. 

NELSON GAMMONS, South Boston, 40, m; machinist. June 9, 62. Disch. 

disa. Nov. 27, 62. 
THOMAS C. GARDNER, Braintree, 27, m; bootmaker. July 28, 62. Disch. 

May 21, 65. Unof. 

HENRY L. GLYNN, Boston, 21, s; clerk. June 3, 62. Disch. May 21, 65. 

Unof. 
RANSOM GUILLON, Beruardston, 42, s ; farmer. Aug. 3, 62. Trans, to 

Co. E, 1st Regt. U. S. Cav. 

DANIEL R. HANWELL, Boston, 18, s; bootmaker. June 7, 62. Disch. 
disa. Nov. 20, 63. 

ROBERT HANWELL, Boston, 35; bootmaker. June 17, 62. Disch. disa. 

Aug. 28, 63. 
MICHAEL J. HAWLEY, Quincy, 25, m; bootmaker, June]16, 62. Disch. 

disa. Jan. 17, 63. 



Ixxxii THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

GEORGE B. HAYDEN, Scituate, 38, m; shoemaker. Dec. 8, 63. Disch. 

disa. June 20, 65. Unof. 
CHARLES M. HIGHT, Boston, 22, s ; clerk. June 3, 62. Disch. disa. 

March 6, 63. 
CHARLES I. HUTCHINS, Bernardston, 21, s; fanner. July 26, ! 62. 

Trans, to V.R.C., and disch. April 18, 64. 
ALMOND (or, ELMER) INGALLS, East Bridgewater, 20, s; bootmaker. 

Dec. 21, 63. Trans, to V.R.C. Jan. 17, 65. 
GEORGE A. JOY, Braintree, 18, s ; bootmaker. July 31, 62. Disch. April 

27 63. Unof. 
WILLIAM KELLY, Middleton, 21, m; farmer. Aug. 5, 62. Absent without 

leave since Feb. 63. 
JAMES KENNEDY, W. Randolph, 20, s ; bootmaker. Jan. 4, 64. Wounded 

Sept. 19, 64. Trans, to 9th Regt. V.R.C. Feb. 16, 65. Disch. Oct. 7, 65. 
WILLIAM S. LEACH, Brighton 23, s; dentist. July 24, 62. Died Aug. 7, 63. 
WILLIAM B. LEONARD, South Boston, 39, s; carpenter. July 17, 62. 

Disch. disa. Aug. 22, 63. 
MICHAEL LYNCH, Cork, Ireland, Cr. Randolph, 20, s; bootmaker. Oct. 

23, 63. Wounded Sept. 19, 64. Disch. May 22, 65. 
MICHAEL J. MAHONEY, Boston, 21, s; teamster. July 10, 62. Disch. 

May 21, 65. Unof. 

WILLIAM P. MARTIN, South Braintree, 18, s; laborer. Feb. 22, 64. Trans, 
to V.R.C. Disch. Nov. 10, 64. Unof. 

THOMAS P. MARTIN, Newburyport, 24, s; shoemaker. Aug. 6, 62. 
Deserted 

FRANK McCONETTY, Braintree, 23, s ; bootmaker. July 16. 62. No fur 
ther record. 

MICHAEL McMURPHY, S. Braintree, 42, in; laborer. July 19/62. Deserted. 

Dec. 8, 62. Charge of desertion removed. En. in Co. F, 4th Regt. U.S. 

Inf. Dec. 8, 62. Trans, to V.R.C. July 8, 68. Deserted, and dishonorably 

discharged, Nov. 21, 64. 
WILLIAM W. MOWER, South Braintree, 20, s ; bootmaker. Dec. 21, 63. 

Deserted Aug. 14, 64. 
ALBERT S. NASON, Braintree, 23, s; teamster. July 3, 62. Disch. 

May 21, 65. Unof. 
PAUL W. NEWCOMB, Quincy, 35, m; stone-cutter. June 6, 62. Disch. 

disa. Jan. 30, (53. Unof. 

RICHARD OULDIN - - Disch. Jan. 29, 63. Unof. 
CHARLES E. PACKER, Leyden, 21, s; farmer, July 26, 62. Died Oct. 

9, 63, Baton Rouge, La. 
SAMUEL H. PAINE, Braintree 28, in : bootmaker. July 29, (52, Disch. 

May 21, 65. Unof. 






COMPANY K. Ixxxiii 

PATRICK PHILLIPS, Andover, 21, s; farmer. Aug. 6, (52. Deserted Marcli 

1, ; 63. 
CHARLES E. PRATT, Braintree, 24, m ; machinist. July 19, 62. Disci). 

disa. Nov. 15, 63. 
THOMAS L. SHELDON, Bernardston, 44, m ; farmer. July 20, 62. Re-en. 

Aug. 30, 64. Trans, to Co. E, 10th Regt. V.R.C. and M. O. Nov. 1C, 65 

OLIVER SIMMONS, South Braintree, 43, m; shoemaker. July 15), 62. 

Reported disch. disa. July 18 63. No evidence in A. G. O. Mass, as 

to discharge. 
SAMUEL L. SNELL, North Abington, 43, in; shoemaker. Jan. 4, (>4. 

Disch. disa. April 29, 64. 
QUINCY SPRAGUE, Randolph, 29, s ; bootmaker. July 21, 62.. Disch May 

21, 65. Uuof. 
NORMAN P. STEBBINS, Leyden, 35, m; farmer. July 30, 62. Disch. 

May 21, 65. Unof. 
GEORGE H. STEVENS, South Braintree, IS, s ; bootmaker. Dec. 21, 63. 

Trans, to V.R.C. Dec. 30/64. 
ENOCH E. STEVENS, Bo.ston, IS, s ; clerk. June 9,62. Disch. May 21, (55 . 

Unof. 
WILLIAM STRANG, E. Leyden, 23, s; fanner. July 30, 62. Disch. May 21, 

65. Unof. 
WILLIAM SULLIVAN, Franklin, 3S, m; laborer, July 24, 62. Disch. 

Sept. 29, 64. 
WILLIAM F. TERRILL, Acushnet, 21, in ; farmer. Aug. 6, 62. Disch. 

and en. in Batt. L, 2nd Regt. U. S. Art. Dec. 24, 62. Disch. Dec. 24, (55. 

ANSEL P. THAYER, Braintree, 21, s; farmer. July 25, 62. Died of wounds 
Sept. 19, 64, Winchester, Va. 

EPHRAIM F, THA.YEU, SMith Braintree, 40, s; boot-cutter. Dec. 31. 63. 

Disch. Aug. 8, 65. 
AMERICUS V. TIRRELL, Arlington, 30, in; bootmaker. July 22, 62. Disch. 

disa. Jan. 18, 64. Unof. 
MARCUS TWOHIG, Randolph, 39, in; bootmaker. Aug. 6, 62. Died Aug. 

18, 63, Port Hudson, La. 
B. F. UPTON, Wilmington, 21, s ; farmer. Aug. 6, (52. No further record, 

A. G. O. Mass. 
E. L. WALES, East Stoughton, 21; mechanic. Aug. 6, 62. No further record 

A.G.O. Mass. 
WILLIAM R. WALSH, Boston, 19. June 7, 62. Absent without leave 

since Feb. 63. 
JOHN H. WEEKS, Bernardston, 18, s ; farmer. July 215, 62. Disch. June 

8. 65. 



Ixxxiv THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

DANIEL WHITING, Franklin, 38, m ; farmer. July 22/62. Deserted March 

1, 63. 

O. S. WHITING, Randolph, 23, s ; bootmaker. July 22, 62. Absent with 
out leave since Feb. 63. 

JOHN F. WILD, South Braintree, 44, s ; blacksmith, Dec. 26, 63. Killed in 
action, April 8, 64, Sabine Cross Roads, La. 

CHARLES E. WILLIAMS, Raynhain, 18, m; nailer. Dee. 29, 63. Died Oct. 

2, 64, Washington, D. C. 

THOMAS ^S. WILLIAMS, North Bridgewater, 18, s ; boot-stretcher. Dec. 
5, 63. Trana. to Co. H, 9th Regt. V.R.C. Jan. 10, 65, M. O. July 21, 65. 

ALBERT A. WOODS, Needham, 21, s; farmer. Aug. 1, 62. Died March 
21, 63, New Orleans, La. 



Ixxxv 



COMPANY L. 



FREDERICK M. VINCENT, 1st Sergt. West Tisbury, 24, in; machinist. 
Oct. 2, 61. Died March 24, 62. 

WILLIAM A. SNOW, 1st Sergt. Chelsea, 21, s; clerk. Nov. 25, 61. Disch. 
for promotion March 4, 63. 2nd Lieut. 1st Louisiana Cavalry, March 4, 
63, 1st Lieut. Aug. 14, 63. Capt. July 22, 64. Disch. Dec. 18, 65. 

DAVID W. DOWNS, 1st Sergt. Rochester, N. H. 23, s; mason. Dec. 2, 61. 

Disch. for promotion, August 14, 63. 
OSWELL NOBLE, 1st Sergt. Lynnfield, 21, s ; Cordwainer. Dec. 27, 61. 

Wounded Sept. 19, 64. M. O. Dec. 27, 64. 
JOHN S. COLLINS, 1st Sergt. en. Boston, Cr. Newton, 22; teamster. Dec. 

31, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 
THOMAS P. VAN BENTHUYSEN, Q.-M. Sergt. Middleboro, 35, in; editor. 

Dec. 2, 61. Deserted.Feb. 18, 62, Ship Island, Miss. 
CORNELIUS IRISH, Q.-M. Sergt. Chelsea, 23, s ; tradesman. Nov. 28, 61. 

Disch. for promotion April 16, 64. 1st Lieut. 1st Regt. Louisiana Cav. Oct. 

10. 64. 

JAMES W. B. GRAY, Q.-M. Sergt., en. New Orleans, La. 26. May 29, 62. 
M. O. Dec. 27, 64. 

HENDRICK A. CLOUGH, Com. Sergt. Maiden, 19, B; coachman, Oct. 28, 

61. Wounded Sept. 19, 64. M. O. Dec. 27, 64. 
PARKER MERRILL, Com. Sergt. Salem, 27, s; clerk. Nov. 2, 61. Trans. 

to V.R.C. March 11, 64. 
CHARLES H. BLESDALL, Sergt. Charlestown, 22 ; painter. Dec, 31/64. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
ERASTUS F. FIELD, Sergt. en. New Orleans, La., 28. Sept. 23, 62. Disoh. 

May 19, 65. 

CHARLES HAUSLER, Sergt. en. New Orleans, 24. Dec. 3, 62. Killed 
Oct. 19, 64. 

SIMON F. MARSHALL, Sergt. East Boston, 23, s ; conductor. Dec. 4 ? 

61. Died of wounds, Aug.>18, 62. 
RICHARD S. PIGGOTT, Sergt. en. New Orleans, La. 32. Sept. 23, 62. 

Disch. June 13, 65. 




Ixxxvi THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

FRANK RICE, Sergt. Springfield, 21; bookkeeper. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
WILLIAM B. RAYMOND, Sergt. Wareham, 19, s; nailer, Sept. 26, 61. M.O. 

Dec, 27, 64. 
RALPH A. ROWLEY, Sergt. Andover, 19, s; clerk. Oct. 31, 61. Disch. for 

promotion Feb. 1, 64. 1st Lieut. 4th Regt. U.S.C. Cav. 
SAMUEL SWEET, Sergt, Wareham, 38, m ; teamster. Oct. 2, 61. Trans, to 

Co. K, 3rd Regt. V.R.C. March 11, 64. Disch. Oct. 1, 64. 
FREDRICK W. TROWBRIDGE, Sergt. En. Boston, Cr. Marlboro, 23; 

soldier. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
AMORY W. WEBBER, Sergt. ^assalboro, Cr. Lowell, 22, s ; carpenter. 

Oct. 24, 61. Re-en. Feb. 20, 64. Trans, to 9th Regt. V.R.C. Jan. 2, 65. 
M. O. Oct. 7, 65. 
JOHN B. WHEELER, Sergt. en. Boston, Cr. Stoneham, 31, soldier. Dec. 

30, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JOHN FAULKS, Corp. en. New Orleans, La. 21. Jan. 5, 62. Deserted 

July 15, 64, New Orleans, La. 
WILLIAM P. GILMORE, Corp, Chelrnsford, 18, s; printer. Nov. 2, 61. 

Trans, to Co, K, 3rd Regt. V.R.C. 
ALVIN E. HERSEY, Corp. en. Boston, Cr. Stoneham, 18, shoemaker. Dec. 

30, 64. M.O. Sept. 28, 65. 
LEROY A. HOLBROOK, Corp. Haverhill, 19; heeler. Dec. 31, 64. M. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
NATHAN E. HAMBLIN, Corp. Gloucester, 26 s; soldier, Nov. 2, 61. Died 

Aug. 7, 62. 

HENRY C. LEWEY, Corp. en. Greenfield, Cr. Deerfield, 18, telegraph ope 
rator. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
HENRY O. LUND Corp. Nashua, N. H., 21, s; machinist. Oct. 23, 61. 

Disch. disa. April 3, 62. 
JAMES MILLER, Corp. Boston, 33, s; soldier. Nov. 9, 61. Disch. for 

promotion, March, 63. Capt. Co. D, 76th Regt. U.S.C.T. Resigned Aug. 

9, 64. 

GEORGE MINER, Corp. en. Boston. Cr. Stoneham, 20; shoemaker. Dec. 

30, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JOSEPH OAK, Corp. West Amesbury, 32, m ; carriage-maker.. Nov. 19, 61. 

Disch. disa. Dec. 5, 62. 
BENJAMIN W. PARKER, Corp. Boylston, 32; farmer. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
JAMES O. PATRICK, Corp. Lawrence, 28; machinist. Dec. 31, 64. M.O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
GEORGE PIPER, Corp. en. New Orleans, La. 35. June 1, 62. Disch. 

May 1, 65. Unof. 



I 



COMPANY L. Ixxxvii 

QUINTON R. READ, Corp. Stoneham, 22, s ; shoemaker. Dec. 6, 61. 
Diach. disa. Jan. 18, 64. Sub. serv. 

MARCUS M. ROBINSON, Corp. en. Boston, Cr. Dorchester, 26, laborer. Jan. 
2, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

JAMES SUMMERS, Corp. Princeton, N. J. Cr. Chelsea, ID, s; clerk. 
March 17, 64. Died of wounds received in action, Feb. 14, 65. 

DANIEL A. TWIGG. Corp. en. Boston, Cr. W. Brookfield, 21; shoemaker- 
January 2, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

VICTOR VICTORINE, Corp. Guttenberg, Sweden, 2<>, s; painter. Oct. 14, 61. 
Disch. disa. Sept. 2, 63. Sub. serv. 

JOHN H. WALKER, Corp. en. New Orleans, La. 25. Nov. 3, 62. Deserted 
July 15, 64. 

JOHN A. WEISS, Corp. en. New Orleans, La. 20. June 2, 62. No further 
record. 

WILLIAM C. WEST, Corp. Salem, 18, s ; no occupation. Oct. 5, 61. Disch. 

for promotion, Aug. 4, 63. 2nd Lieut. 1st Regt. Louisiana Cav. Disch. 

Jan. 30, 64. 
EDWARD WRIGHT, Corp. en. New Orleans, La. 37. Sept. 25, 62. No further 

record. 

AUGUSTUS R. REDELGKY, Bugler, en. New Orleans, La. June 18, 62. 
Deserted April 1, 63, Baton Rouge, La. 

CHARLES W, MORRISON, Bugler, Andover, 18, clerk. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
ALLEN COOLEY, Bugler, en. Greenfield, Cr. Deerh eld, 1*) ; farmer. Jan. 

2, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

FRANK SMITH, Bugler; Boston, 18, s; clerk. Nov. 25, 61. M.O.Dec. 
7, 64. 

CHARLES HALGEL, Farrier, en. New Orleans, La. May 29, 62. Killed 
April 8, 64. 

AUGUST IHRINGER, Farrier, en. New Orleans, La., 25. June 2, 62. Disch 
May 21, 65. 

BENJAMIN K. BROWN, Wagoner, Salem, 29, s ; shoemaker. Oct. 21, 61. 
M. O. Dec. 27, 64. 

RICHARD EVANS, Cook, en. Port Hudson, La. 25. May 29, 62, Deserted 
April 8, 64. 

MARTIN FREEMAN, Cook, Rochester, 24, m; nailer. Oct. 21, 61. M. O. 
Dec. 27, 64. 

* 

PETER SNYDER, Cook, en. Port Hudson, 23, Aug. 1, 63. Detailed as 
teamster at New Oilcans, Oct. 64. No later record. 



Ixxxviii THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

ANTHONY ABBOTT, en. New Orleans, La. May 24, 62. Deserted Dec. 
19, 62, New Orleans. 

ROBERT T. ADAIR, en. Greenfield, 18; cutler. Jan. 2, 65. M. O Sept. 

28, 65. 

HIRAM R. ADAMS, en. Milford, 19; hostler. Dec. 31, 64. M.O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JOHN R. ADAMS, en. Lawrence, 18, machinist. Dec. 30, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
OILMAN D. ANDREWS, Manchester, 44, in ; mechanic. Nov. 11, 61. 

Disch. disa. April 3, 62. 

CHARLES ARMSTRONG, Portsmouth, N. H. Cr. Fairhaven, 19, s; sea 
man. March 17, 64. Disch. June 13, 65. 

CHARLES ARNDEL, en. New Orleans, La. June 2, 62. Disch. disa. 

Jan. 18, 64. 
CHARLES O. ATKINSON, Lynn, 21, s ; printer. Dec. 27, 61. Disch. disa. 

Jan. 11, 62. 
JOHN F. BAILEY, Amesbury, 29, s; mechanic. Nov. 8, 61. Disch. disa. 

Dec. 5, 62. 
ORIN A. BAILEY, en. Greenfield. Cr. New Salem, 24; farmer. Dec. 30, 

64. Disch. Aug. 2, 65. 
OLIVER BAMISH, en. Greenfield, Cr. Deerfield, 20; farmer. Jan. 2, 65. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
WILLIAM J. BARTLETT, Marblehead, 36, in; farmer. Dec. 3, 61. Disch. 

disa. June 11, 62. 

JOHN S. BARRETT, Gloucester, 22, s ; painter. Dec. 2, 61. Disch. disa. 

June 15, 62, New Orleans, La. 
THOMAS BARRY, en. Boston, Cr. Newton, 19, m; machinist, Jan. 2, 65. M. 

O. Sept. 28, 65. 
CLARK D. BASS, en. Greenfield, Cr. Buckland, 26; farmer. Jan. 2, 65. 

M. O. Sept 28, 65. 
DAVID BASSETT, en. Boston, Cr. Woburn, 30; shoemaker. Dec. 31, 64. 

M. O. Sept 28, 65. 
FRANK E. BATEMAN, Bradford, 18; shoemaker. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
JAMES C. BEAN, Boston, 22; currier. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

JAMES W. BEAN, Boston, 27, s ; tradesman, Sept. 23, 61. Trans, to Co. K, 
3d Regt. V.R.C. March 11, 64. No further record. 

BOWERS H. BELL, Marlboro, N. H. 21 s ; mechanic. Oct. 14, 61. Disch. 

disa. June 16, 62. 
WILLIAM BELL, en. New Orleans, La. 19. Sept 26, 62. Disch. May 21, 

65. Unof. 



COMPANY L. Ixxxix 

WILLIAM BELTER, en. New Orleans, La. 21. June 2, 62. Disch. May 21, 

65. 
JOSEPH B. BRAMAN, Brighton, 1(5, s; student. Dec. <>, 61. Disch. <lisa. 

June 14, 62. 

LEVI P. BICKNELL, Lowell, 2:5, ra ; fanner. Oct. 26, 61. Disch. disa. Sept. 

24, 62. 
CHARLES C. BISHOP, en. Greenfield, Cr. Buckland, 18; machinist. Dec. 

31, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
PAUL BARNE, en. New Orleans, La. May 30, 62. Died of wounds, Aug. 

11, 62. 
CHARLES BROGAN, en. Quincy, 11); quarryman. Dec. 2<>, 64. M. O . 

September 28, 65. 

DANIEL A. BROWN, Boston, Cr. Northbridge, 1); clerk. Dec. 31, 64. M.O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
ROBERT K. BROWN, en. Boston, Cr. Stonehani, 21 ; soldier. Dec. M, 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 
HENRY BUBIER, Lyun, 42, in; tradesman. December 16, 61. Disch. 

disa. June 11, 62. 
WILLIAM BUCKLEY, en. New Orleans, La. May 28, 62. Trans, to V. R. C. 

March 11, 64. 
JOHN BUCKNER, en New Orleans, La., May 29, 62. Deserted about Jan. 

63. Baton Rouge, La. 
SAMUEL C. BUGBEE, en. Greenfield, Cr. Bucklaud, M; millwright. Dec. 

31, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
REINHARDT BURCHER, en. New Orleans, La., 31. June 2, 62. Disch. 

May 21, 65. 
THOMAS BURKE, New Bedford, 32 s; ship carpenter. Nov. 26. 61. Died 

July 2, 63. 
JOHN B. BURNES, Nottingham, N. H., 26, s; seaman. Nov. 14, 61. Disch 

Disa. June 11, 62. 
MARSHALL C. CANNELL, Lowell, 26 m ; machinist. Dec. 13, 61. Disch. 

Disa. June 14, 62. 
ISAAC W. CARPENTER, Salem 23. s ; cordwainer. Nov. 5, 61. Disch. 

Disa. June 11, 62. 
ISAAC N. CASS, Andover, 18; shoemaker. Dec. 30, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

MICHAEL CASSADY, en. Boston. Cr. Newton, 21; cordial-maker. Jan. 

2, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
EZEKIEL H. CHASE, E. Boston, 30, m; carpenter. Dec. 2, 61. M. O. Dec. 

27, 64. 
GEORGE C. CLAIBORNE, Salem, 42 m; farmer. Nov. 6, 61. Disch 

Disa. June 11, 62. 



xc THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

HERMAN CLAPP, en. Greenfield, Cr. Gill, 20; machinist. Dec. 31, 64. 
M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

JOHN CLASS, en. New Orleans, 24. June 2, 62. Deserted July 15, 64. 
New Orleans, La. 

JOHN H. CLEMENT, Hillsboro, N. H., Cr. Roxbury, 22, s; clerk. March 14, 

64. Died July 14, 64, New Orleans, La. 
HENRY S. CLIFFORD, New York, 25, s ; engineer. Nov. 9, 61. Disch. 

Disa. Nov. 27, 62. 
PETER COLLINS, en. New Orleans, La., 24. May 22, 62. Disch. May 

17, 65. 
FRANCIS M. CONNOR, en. Greenfield, Cr. New Salem, 20; miller. Dec. 

30, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JOHN CONNORS, en. New Orleans, La. Deserted about Jan. 63, Baton 

Rouge, La. 
GEORGE H. COOK, Scituate, 18, s; glass cutter, Nov. 1, 61. Disch. Disa. 

June 11, 62. 
SAMUEL B. COOK, Bostrfn, 34, in ; manufacturer. Dec. 17, 63. Died June 9, 

64. 
WILLIAM COOK en. New Orleans, La. May 27, 62. Deserted April 8, 

63, New Orleans, La. 

WILLIAM CORSE, en. Boston, Cr. Lee, 21; machinist. Dec. 30, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
JOHN J. CURRIER, en. Boston, Cr. Dorchester, 22; clerk. Jan. 2, 65. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 
WALTER S. DANIELS, en. Middleton, 18; shoemaker. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
JAMES R.DAVIS, en. Greenfield. Cr. Buckland, 21; polisher. Dec. 31, 

(54. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JOSEPH S. DEFREES. Boston, 26, s; mechanic. Oct. 17, 61. Disch. disa. 

April 3, 62, 

JAMES G. DEVLIN, en. New Orleans, La. Deserted April 11, 63, Algiers, 

La. 
MARTIN DINEGAN, en. Boston, Cr. Quincy, 18; stone-cutter. Dec. 29, 

(54. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
MATTHEW DOOLEY, en. Greenfield. Cr. Deerfield, 27; cutler. Jan. 2, 

65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
MARCUS DOR, Marblehead, 18, s; shoemaker. Feb. 29, 64. Trans, to V.R.C. 

and discharged Oct. 10, 65. 
BENJAMIN F. DOTY, Wareham, 23, s; nailer. Oct. 14, 61. Disci), disa. 

June 11, 62. 
MICHAEL DOYLE, en. Haverhill, 21; laborer. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 



COMPANY L. xci 

MICHAEL DOYLE. Lenox, 27, m ; blacksmith. Feb. 27, (J4. Died of wounds 

Sept. ID, 64. 
HENRY DWIGHT, en. Boston. Cr. Lawrence, 21; laborer. Dec. 31, 04. 

Deserted July 30, 65, Grasshopper Creek, Kan. 
THOMAS S. ELLIS, en Boston, . 55. Dec. 3, (>!. Diseh. disa. Sept. 24, (52. 

CHARLES H. FARMER, E. Randolph, 37, in; bootmaker. Dec. 10, (51. 

Disch. disa. June 14, (52. 
GREENLIEF FARRAR. Whittield, Me., 21, s; fanner. Dec. 6, (51. Disch. 

Disa. July 20, 64. Unof. 
WILLIAM F. FISHER, New Badford, 19, s; fanner. Oct. 10, (51. Disch. 

disa. June 14. 62. 
TERRANCE FITZGERALD, Salem, 30, m; tradesman. Nov. 2, (51. Disch. 

disa. June 14, (52. 
MATTHEW FLANIGAN, en. Charlestown, 18; baker. Dec. 31, (54. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 

PETER FLYNN, en. New Orleans, La. Deserted Feb. 63, Baton Rouge, La. 
DENIS FOLEY, en. Boston, Or. Dorchester, 24 ; japanner. Jan. 2, (55. De 
serted July 29, 65, Mount Pleasant, Kan. 
CHARLES FOSTER, en. Boston, Cr. Templeton, 21; barber. Dec. 31, (54. 

M. O. Sept. 28, (55. 

DUDLEY E. GALE, Salisbury, 17, s; hatter. Nov. 8, (51. Disch. Nov. 14, (54. 
JAMES E. GALLAGHER, Chelsea, 18, s; painter. Nov. 19, (51. M. O. Dec. 

27, (54. 

BERNARD GARRITY. en. Boston, Cr. Quincy, 31; laborer. Dec. 31, (54. 
M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

JACOB GENGNAGLE, en. New Orleans. June 2, (52. Disch. disa. Nov. 

20, 6. ?. 
LEWIS E. GILMORE, en. Boston. Cr. Dover, 24; seaman. Dec. 30, (54. M. 

O. Sept. 28, 65. 

CHARLES A. GLEASON, Boston, 31, tn ; tradesman. Oct. 5, 61. Died of 
wounds Oct. 22, (54. 

HENRY F. GOLDIE, en Boston, Cr. Quincy, 18; machinist. Dec. 30, (54. 
M. O. Sept. 28, (55. 

HENRY GOZZENBERGEU. New Orleans, La., May 28, 62. Deserted April 

8, 63, New Orleans, La. 
SAMUEL C. GRAFFUM, Lawrence, 25: farmer. Dec. 31, (54. M. O. Sept. 

28, (55. 

TIMOTHY HALEY, Boston, 21; s. laborer. Nov. 19, (51. M. O. Dec. 27, 

(54. 
WILLIAM H. HALL, Ipswich. 21; morocco dresser, Dec. 31, (54. M. O. 

Sept. 28, (55. 



xcii THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

PETER HANEY, en. New Orleans, La. June 2, 62. Killed Nov. 4, 62. 

JASON H. HANSON, en. Greenfield, Cr. New Salem. 41; stonecutter. Dec. 
30, 64. Died June 5, 65, Baltimore, Md. 

WILLIAM H. HANSON, Lynn, 23, s: shoemaker. March 22, (54. Discli. 

July 1, T)5. 
BERDICT W. HARWOOD, en. Washington, D. C. Jan. 12, 04. Disch. 

disa. Nov. 25, (54. 

OTIS B. HARDY, Boston, 23. Sept. 20, Gl. Disch. Disa. June 14, 62. 

SOLON A. HATHAWAY^ Chelmsford, 18, s: printer. Dec. 2, 61. Disch. 
disx. June 14, 62. 

HENRY HOLLEY, en. Greenfield, Cr. New Salem, 42; Carpenter. Dec. 30, 

64. Disch. Aug. 8, 65. 

GEORGE E. HOOPER, en. Boston, Cr. Bradford, 21; shoemaker. Jan. 2, 65. 
M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

FRANK E. HOWARD, Belton, 21, s; farmer. Nov. 19, 61. M. O. Dec. 27, 

64. 
CHARLES E. HOYT, Tilsbury, N. H., 32 m; painter. Sept, 18, 61. Disch. 

for promotion Sept. 13, 63. 1st Lieut. 4th Regt. U. S. C. Cavalry. Disch. 

Dec. 22, 64. 
AUGUSTUS H. HUBBY, Lenox, 20, s; farmer. ^ Feb. 27, 64. Wounded Oct. 

64. Disch. disa. May 11, 65. 

JOSEPH T. HUNT, Boston, 18, s: salesman. Oct. 25, 61. Disch. disa. Dec. 

5, 62. 

JOHN H. JACKSON, en. Boston, Cr. Stockbridge, 19; last-maker. Dec. 31, 
64. Died May 19, 65, Cumberland, Md. 

WILLIAM P. JAQUES, en. New Orleans, La. Nov. 25, 62. Disch. disa. 

Jan. 18, 64. 
GEORGE W. JEWETT, Bridgeton, Me. 22, s; bootmaker. Nov. 15, 61. 

Died March 3, 62. 

WILLIAM JOHNSON, Middleton, 22; shoemaker. Dec. 31, 64. Disch. July 

30, 65. 
FRED O. JONES, Lawrence, 25, m; painter. Sept. 19, 61. Disch. disa. April 

3, 62. 

JOHN L. KEATING, Salem 29, m; sailmaker. March 14, 64. Trans, to Navy 

July 2. (54. 
JAMES KERVIN, Quincy, 18; laborer. Dec 31, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

MOSES KIMBALL, en. Boston, Cr. Haverhill, 21, cordwaincr. Dec. 31, 64 
M. O. Sept 28, 65. 



COMPANY L. 

JOSEPH KERRIGAN, Quim-y, 21 ; carpenter. Dec. 30, 64. Disch. July 1U, 65. 
ANDREW LANE, en. Boston, Cr. Newton, 20; printer. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. 
Sept. 28, 65. 

. JAMES LEE, Rochester, N. Y., Cr. Dartmouth, 23, s; laborer. Jan. 11, 64. 
Trans, to V. R. C. 

OLIVER S. LOCKE, Bradford, 28, s; farmer. Oct. 21, 61. Disch. disa. Aug. 

28, 63. 
JOHN W. LOWE, Medford, 34; machinist. Dec. 30, 64. Disch. Aug. 17, 65. 

Prior, serv. 

OZIAS M. LOWE. Buckrield, Me., 22, s ; fanner. Nov. 23, 61. Died Aug 

23, 63. 

EDWARD E. LYMAN, Andover, 22; printer. Dec. 31, T>4. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
GRANVILLE LYNDE, en. Boston, Cr. Woburn, 21 ; shoemaker. Dec. 30, <tt. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

GREENWOOD E. LYON, Lowell, 21, m. Oct. 29/61. Disch. disa. June 14, 

62. 
ABRAHAM MALCOLM, Pittsfield, 21, s; woolsorter. Feb. 23, 64. Died 

Oct. 13, 64. 

PATRICK MANNING, en. New Orleans, La., 29. May 22, 62. Disch. May 

17, 65. 
DANIEL MASON, en. Lawrence, Cr. Charlestown, 21; teamster. Dec. 31, 64. 

M. O. Sept 28, 65. 
DAVID M. McCARTY, en. Boston, Cr. Newton, 19; carpenter. Dec. 31, 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JOHN J. McDONALD, en. Boston, Cr. Newton, 26; carpenter. Jan. 2, 65. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
ANGUS McGINNIS, Boston, 26, s; seaman. March 31, 64. Deserted July 

15, 64. New Orleans, La. 

HIRAM McGLAUFLIN, Middletou, 40, m; mason. No v . 27, 61. Disch. disa. 

July 27, 63. 
SYLVESTER McINTIRE, North Reading, 40; shoemaker. Dec. 27, 64. Disch. 

July 28, 65. 
OWEN McKENNA, en. New Orleans, La., 24. May 22, 62. Disch. May 19, 

65. Unof. 

JAMES McWATERS, en. New Orleans, La. Killed Dec. 29, 62. 
JOHN MEARS, Andover, 18; laborer. Dec. 30, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JOHN MESNER, en. New Orleans. May 31, 62. Deserted Aug. 22, 62. 

Baton Rouge, La. 
BENJAMIN F. MILLER, Greenfield, Cr. Colerain, 26; farmer. Jan. 2, 65. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
CHARLES MILLER, en. New Orleans, La. Deserted Dec. 22, 63. New 

Orleans, La. 



xciv THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

ALBERT MOODY, Lynn, 33, m; -shoemaker. Deo. 9, 61. Trans, to V.R.C. 
March 11, 64. 

PATRICK MOONEY, en. New Orleans, La., 24. Oct. 2, 62. No further 
record. 

HORACE MORSE, Haverhill, 31, s; shoemaker. Dec. 25, 61. Disch. for pro 
motion July 5, 63. 2nd Lieut. 95th Regt U. S. C. Inf., May 26, 63. Trans, 
to 97th Regt. U. S. C. Inf., and honorably discharged July 19, 64. 

ALEXANDER MULLEN, en. Boston, Cr. Tempteton IS; laborer. Dec. 30/62. 
M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

CORNELIUS MURPHY, en. Boston, Cr. Dorchester, 19, coachman. Jan. 2, 
65. M. O. Sept. 21, 65. 

GEORGE MURRY, Middleton, 20; shoemaker. Dec. 31, 64. Disch. Aug. 8, 65. 

PATRICK MURRAY, en. New Orleans, La., 21. June 2, 65. Disch, May 25, 
65. Unof. 

CHARLES A.NORTON, Bangor, Me. Cr. Chelsea, 21, in; picture f ramer . 
Dec. 17, 63. Disch. disa. April 18, 64. 

CHARLES A. NUTTING, Quincy, 22; stone-cutter. Dec. 30, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
HENRY B. PEARL, Newburyport, 19, s; seaman. Nov. 14, 61. Disch. disa. 

June 14, 62. 
JAMES E. PEIRCE, en. Boston, Cr. Cambridge, 18; clerk. Dec. 30, 64, on 

detached service. No further record. 
JAMES P. PRATT, Boston, 21, m; stage driver. Dec. 7, 61. Disch. disa. Sept. 

23, 63. 

JOHN B. PRESHOW, Boston, 21, s; farmer. May 19, 61. Disch. for pro 
motion, Dec. 62. 

THOMAS QUINN, Pittsfield, 21, g; carder. Feb. 23, 64. Disch. June 24, 65. 
GUSTAVUS RODETZKY, en. Baton Rouge, La., June 15, 62. Disch. for 

promotion, October 62. Capt. 1st Regt, Texas Cav. Sept. 26, 64. M. O, 

Nov, 4, 65. 
WILLIAM H. RAND, Amesbury, 33, m; shoemaker. Dec. 2, 61. Disch? 

disa. Dec. 5, 62. 
DANIEL RAYMOND, Lynn, 23, s; shoemaker. Dec. 9, 61. Disch. Dec. 

26, 64. 
GEORGE REEDY, en. New Orleans, La., 21. May 23, 62. Died of wounds 

Oct. 24, 64. 
JAMES REGAN, en. Boston, Cr. Dracut, 18; laborer, Dec. 31, 64. Deserted 

July 29, 65, Ft. Leavenworth, Kan. 
GILLIAN REID, en. Boston, Cr. Brighton, 18: laborer. Dec. 30, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
BARNEY C. REYNOLDS, Dartmouth, 18, s; farmer. Nov. 7, 61. Captured 

by the enemy, May, 64. No further record. 



COMPANY L. xcv 

CHARLES RIBE, eu. New Orleans, La., Dec. 3, 62. Deserted, July 15, 

64, New Orleans, La. 
WILLIAM G. A. RICKER, Lowell, 20, s; carpenter. Nov. 19, 61. Disch. 

for promotion Dec. 62. Capt. 1st Regt. U. S. C. Cavalry. 

HENRY ROSEMAN, en. New Orleans, La. June 17, 62. Killed by acci 
dental discharge carbine, March 15, 63. 
JAMES F. RYAN, en. Boston, Cr. Lowell, 133; hostler. Dec. 31, 64, M. 

O. Sept. 28, 65. 
HERBERT SARGENT, Audover, 19, shoemaker. Dec. 31, 63. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
HENRY SARGENT, eu. Boston, Cr. Dorchester, 22; machinist. Jan. 2, 65. 

M. O. Dec. 31, 65. 
JOSEPH SCHOENER, en. New Orleans, La., June 1, 62. Killed in action, 

June 28, 62. 
WILLIAM SCHALLAMZEE, en. New Orleans, La., June 2, 62, Disch. disa. 

Dec. 21, 63. 
THOMAS A. SEARS, eu. Greenfield. Cr. Deerfield, 19; laborer. Jan. 2, 65 

Disch. July 28, (55. 
FERDINAND, SHULT^, en. New Orleans, La., 23; gardener. July 1, 62, 

Disch. July 3, (55. 
JOHN SIMPSON, eu. New Orleans, La., 26. Nov. 3, 62. Deserted July 15, 

64. New Orleans, La. 
THOMAS C. SMITH, en. New Orleans, La., 29. Sept. 23, 62. Deserted July 

15, 64. New Orleans, La. 
TIMOTHY F SULLIVAN, Boston, 19, s; printer. Dec. 23, 61. Re-en. Feb. 

20, (54. Disch. June 21, (55. 
ROBERT STORES, eu. New Orleans, La., June 1, 62. Trans, to V. R. C. June 

30, 64. 
MARTIN STEWART, Newark, N. J., Cr. Acushnet, 20, s; hatter. March 5, 

(54. Died July 16, 64. New Orleans, La. 
LUDWIG SWALEBAEG, en. New Orleans, La., 2(5. Nov. 5, 62. Deserted 

March, 63. Baton Rouge, La. 
HENRY TALBOT, en. Boston, Cr. Reading, 21; currier, Dec. 31, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, (55. Prior serv. 
PETER THOMAS, en. Boston, Cr. Quincy, 21; stone-cutter. Jan. 2, 65, M. 

O. Sept. 28, 65. 
CHARLES G. TILTON, en. Greenfield, Cr. Deerfield, 19; farmer. Jan. 2, 65. 

M. O, Sept. 28, (55. 

JOSEPH TRACY, Salem, 18; laborer. Dec, 31, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, (55. 
CALVIN G. TUTTLE, Eastport, Me., 20, s; farmer. Sept. 26, (51. Died 

April 14, (53. Baton Rouge, La. 
HERMAN WAGNER, en. New Orleans, La., June 2, 62. Died June 28, 62. 



xcvi THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

PETER WAGNER, en. New Orleans, Ln., June 2, 62. Died Aug, 20, 63. 

GRANVILLE WALLINGFORD, en. Boston, Cr. Oakham; machinist. Dec. 

31, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, .65. 
DANIEL WELCH, en. Boston, Cr. Woburn, 19; laborer. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
MERRILL WENT WORTH, en. Lowell, Cr. Lawrence, 24; carpenter. Jan. 2, 

65. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

SOLOMON WESCOT, Andover, 22; farmer. Dec. 30, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
MATHEAS WESTOVER, en. New Orleans, La. May 30, 62. Trans. t o 

V. R. C. March 11, 64. 
SANFORD WESTON, Middleboro, 26, m; fanner. Nov. 19, 61. Disch. disa. 

Sept. 24, 62. 
CHARLES WHITING, en. Lawrence, Cr. Haverhill, 20, printer. Dec. 29, 

64. Disch. July 28, 65. 
WILLIAM G. WILCOX, en. Boston, Cr. Cambridge, 20; baker. Dec. 31, 65. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
FREDERICK G. WILLIAMS, Milford, 21 ; hostler. Dec. 31, 64. M.O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
JOSEPH W. WILSON, en. Boston, Cr. Stoneham, 36; soldier. Dec. 30, 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 
LEWIS E. WINSLOW, en. Greenfield, Cr. New Salem, 18; farmer. Dec. 30, 

64. Disch. July 3, 65. 

WILLIAMS WOODMAN, Bradford, 21; shoemaker. Dec. 31. 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
CHARLES W. WORTHEN, en. Boston, Cr Marlboro, 22 ; machinist. Dec 

31, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 



xcvii 



COMPANY M. 



RICHARD BARRETT, 1st Sergt. Lowell, 32, s; soldier. Nov. 25, 61. Disch. 
and commissioned Capt. 1st Louisiana Cavalry, Aug. 02. Resigned Sept. 
24, G4. 
ANDREW J. CLEAVES, 1st Sergt. Gloucester, 25, s; fisherman. Nov, 28, 01. 

M. O. Dec. 28, 04. 
GERRETT G. BERRY, Sergt. Randolph, lit, s ; teamster. Dec. i: >. Gl. Killed 

in action, April 8, G4. Sabine Cross Roads, La. 
ELI S. DUMPHEE, Sergt. Brooklyn, N. H., 21, s ; cooper. Nov. G, Gl. Killed 

in action June 3, G3. Clinton, La. 

LEWIS FREEMAN, Sergt. Mason, N. H.. Cr. Boston, 111, s; farmer. Nov. 7, 
Gl. Disch. and commissioned 2nd Lieut. 1st Louisiana Cavalry, April 
15, G4. 
WILLIAM H. GRAY, Sergt. Boston, 22, s ; shoemaker. Oct. 18, Gl. M.O- 

Dec. 5, ( A. 
NATHANIEL N. LAWRENCE, Sergt. Waltham, 28, s; farmer. Dec. (J, 61 

Disch. diaa. June G2. 
CHESTER C. LOOMIS, Sergt. Springfield, 2G, ui ; engineer. Dec. 31, *G4. M . 

O. Sept. 28, G5. 
RUFUS A. LOVERING, Sergt. Lee, 30, m ; brakeman. Dec. :il, 04. M.O. 

Sept. 28, G5. 
JAMES P. MARDEN, Sergt. Lowell, 25, m; baker. Nov. 22, 01. Died June, 

G2. New Orleans, La. 
CORNELIUS SACKETT, Sergt. Springfield, 22, s; butcher. Dec. 30, (54. M. 

O. Sept. 28, (55. 

EDWARD A. THAYER, Sergt. New Ipswich, 18, s; clerk. Dec. 12, Gl. Disch 
and appointed 2nd Lieut. ^Ist Louisiana Cavalry, Aug. G2. Capt. 
Disch. Dec. 20, 36. 
DANIEL F. TITUS, Sergt. en. Boston, Cr. Lowell, 21s; clerk. Dec. 31 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 63. 
GEORGE A. VARNEY, Sergt. Pembroke^ Me., 25, s ; nailer. Nov. 27, : G1. 

Disch. disa. Jan. 18. 64. 

GEORGE W. WRIGHT, Sergt. Quiucy, 2G, s; shoe cutter. Dec. 30, 04. M. O. 
Sept. 28, 65. Prior serv. 



xcviii THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

EDWARD BURKE, Corp. Springfield, 22, ; car maker. Dec. 30, 64. De 
serted July 26, 65. Fort Leaven worth, Kan. 

JOHN CALLANAN, Corp. Springfield, 24, m; sailor. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
GROSVENER A. COLBY, Corp. Lowell, 24, in; harness maker. Nov. 23, 61. 

Died of wounds Sept. 2, 63, Baton Rouge, La. 

LEWIS J. COOLEY, Corp. Springfield, 21, s; baker. Dec. 30, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
JOHN M. DAY, Corp, en. Boston, Cr. Salem, 22, s; carpenter. Dec. 31, 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28, a5. 
HIRAM H. DEANE, Corp. Springfield, 21, s; carpenter. Dec. 31, 64. M. 

O. Sept. 28, 65. 
RICHARD FINNEY, Pembroke, Me., Cr. Boston, 18 s; nailer. Nov. 19, (51. 

Re-en. Feb. 11), (54 M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

THOMAS M. HAZELTON, Corp, Springfield, 24, s; carpenter. Dec. 31, 64. 

M.O. Sept. 28, 65. 
MICHAEL McDONALD. Corp. New Ipswich, m; farmer. Nov. 21, 61. M. 

O. Dec. 5, 64. 
GEORGE McLANE, Corp. Lowell, 19, s; farmer. Nov. 9, 61. M. O. Dec. 

5, 64. 
JOHN F. MILLER, Corp. Charlestown, 21, s; boat-builder. Dec. 31, 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
LUCAS A. NICKERSON, Corp. Lee, 21, s; clerk. Dec, 30, 64. Deserted 

July 26, 65. Ft. Leavenworth, Kan. 

FREEMAN H. SEWELL, Corp. en. Lawrence, Cr. Charlestown 23, s; 
morocco dresser, Dec. 31, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

GEORGE A. WHEELOCK, Corp. Springfield, 20, s; machinist. Dec. 30, 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JOHN R. TRAFTON, bugler, Taunton, 18, s; farmer. Dec. 31, 04, M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
WILLIAM FERGUSON, bugler, en. Boston, Cr. Cambridge, 21, s; plumber. 

Dec. 31, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
AND.j J. POPE, bugler, en. New Orleans, La. 22, m; May 21, 62. Disch. 

May, 65. 

LEWIS N. PHILLIPS, Cook, en. Plaquemine, La. 21. Jan. 20, 63. De 
serted July 12, 64, Algiers, La, 
PETER THOMPSON, Cook, en. Alexandria. 23. May 12, 63. Deserted July 

29, 64, Washington, D. C. 
EDWARD B. BALDWIN, Taunton, 17, s; engine turner. Dec. 30, 64. Disch. 

July 20, 65. 



COMPANY M. xcix 

CHARLES A. BARBER, Worcester, 36; book-binder. D*c. :?1, 64. Absent 
on detached service, Aug. 8, 65. LJnof. 

JOSEPH P. BARBER, en. Springfield, Cr. Pittsrield. 18, s; laborer. Dc. 30, 

1)4, M. O. Sept. 28, (k~>. 
JAMES H. BARTON, JR., en. Boston, (Jr. Teinplttton. til, s; musician. Jan. 

2, (55, M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JAMES H. BEEDE. Salisbury, til, s; shoe cutter. Dee. 31, <>4. M. O. Sept 

28, 65. * 

HENRY BETZLER, Springfield, 25, s ; carnage trimmer. Dec. :iO, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
ANDREW BLAIR, en. Brookfield, 18, s; farmer, Dec. 31. 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, GT). 
WILLIAM B. BLAISDELL, Lowell, :?0, ra; shoemaker. Nov. 2<i, (>!. DUch. 

disa. June 1(>, 02. 

CHARLES F. BOLSER, en. Salem, Ur. Amesbury, 21, ; .shoemaker. DM-. 
31, M. M. O. Sept. 28, 6r>. 

STEPHEN BRENDEL, Boston, 24, in ; shoemaker. Dec. 14. <>!. Trans, to V. 
R. C. Feb. 20, 64. Died Nov. 22, <>4. Boston. 

JOSEPH BRODEUR, Hillsboro Bridge, til, m: shoemaker. Nov. :), 01 

Disch. disa. Sept. 2, j:i. 

LEVI H. BROOKS, Bradford, Vt., 20, s ; teamster. Nov. 27, (51. Disch. ;disa 

June, 62. 

NELSON S. BROWN, en. Springfield, Cr. Pittsfield, :, s ; laborer. Dec. 29/64. 
M. O. Sept. 28, 55. 

WILLIAM BUCKMAN, en. Boston, Cr. Templeton, 19, s; teamster. Dec. 31 
64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

HENRY BUNCHER, Lowell 27, in; engraver. Oct. 27, 61. Disch. disa. 
Aug. 62. 

GEORGE P. BURLING AME. Salem, Cr. Amesbury 29, m; teamster. Dec. M, 
M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

GEORGE L. BYAM, en. Boston, Cr. West Roxbury, 18, s; fanner. Dec. 
28, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

LAMBERT W. CADY, Springfield, 19, s; blacksmith. Dec. 31, 62. M. O. 
Sept. 28, 65. 

JOHN CAMBELL, Pembroke, Me. 44, m: carpenter; Oct. 19, 61. Disch. disa. 

June, 62, New Orleans, La. 
LEVI N. CALL, Pembroke, Me. Cr. Rowley, 18, m; fisherman. Oct. 19, 61. 

Re-en. Feb, 19, 64. Deserted Aug. 28, 64. 

A. J. K. CAMERON. Pembroke, Me. 41, m ; tailor. March 27, 61. Disch. 
disa. June, 62. 



c THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

FRANK CLIFFORD, Boston, 42, in; laborer. Oct. 23, 61. Died July 3, 63 
Springfield Landing, La. 

LOREN C. CLIFFORD, en. Boston, Cr. Marlboro, 21, s ; clerk. Deo. 31, 64. 
M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

JOSHUA P. COGGESHALL, en. New Bedford, Cr. Cambridge, IS, s ; far 
mer. M. O. September 28. 65. 

CORNELIUS CONLEY, en. Boston, Cr. Wrentham, 21, a; machinist. Dec. 
31, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65/ 

AUGUSTUS COUTHER 32. Nov. 6, .(51. Trans, to Co. I, 30th Mass. 

Vol. Dec. 6. 

MARCUS CORRON, en. Springfield, Cr. Pittsrield, 21, s; laborer. Dec. 29, 

64. Disch. June 8, 65. 
JAMES COX, Lowell, 24; shoemaker. Dec. 3, 61. Disch. disa. June, 62. 

TIMOTHY F. CRANE, en. Boston, Cr. Lee, 21, s; Dec. 31, 64. Disch, July 

20, 65. 
WILLIAM CURRAN, en. New Orleans. Juno 16, 62. Died Oct. 21, 63. 

Prisoner of war, Richmond, Va. 

ZACHARY DAMON, Springfield, 19, s. armorer. Dec. 31. 64. M. O. Sept. 
28, 65. 

MICHAEL DONLAN, Lowell, 31, in ; fireman. Nov. 7, 61. Disch. disa. 
May 21, 64. 

DENNIS DRISCOLL, en. New Bedford Cr. Cambridge, 18, s; laborer. Dec. 
31, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

THOMAS F. DUNN, Lowell, 19, in; laborer, May 22, 61. M. O. Dec. 5, 64. 
OSBORNE E. EATON, en. Taunton, 19, s; nailer. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
ELBRIDGE \V. EDDY, en. Lowell 29; Nov. 26, 61, Trans, to C. Batt. 

Dec. 61. 
GEORGE F. EDWARDS, New Ipswich, 18, s; farmer. Nov. 18, 61. Disch. 

disa. June 62 
CHARLES ESBE, en. New Orleans, La. May 26, 62. Died prisoner of 

war, Oct. 21, 63, Richmond, Va. 
DENNIS A. FAGAN, Pittsfield 21, s ; clerk. Dec. 30. 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 

65. 
ALBERT A. FIELD, Springfield, 24, s ; bookbinder. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
EBENEZER B. FISHER, Springfield, 29, s; clerk. Dec. 30, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 

HARRISON FISHER, en. Gloucester, 27. Nov. 25, 61. Disch disa. Dec. 61. 
JOHN A. FITZPATRICK, Boston, 20, s; seaman. Oct. 12, 62. Trans. 

to V.R.C. June, 64. M. O. Dec. 5, 64. 



COMPANY M. * ci 

FREDERICK FORD, Boston, 22, s; seaman. Dec. 5. 61. M. O. Dec. 5. 64. 
SIMON A. FREEMAN, Lowell, 20, s; clerk. Dec. 27, 61. Diseh. Jan. 22, 

64, and appointed 2nd Lieut. Co. C, 2nd Texas Cav. M. O. as 1st Lieut. 

Oct. 31, 65. 

SILAS GARDNER, en. New Orleans. June 1, 62. Diseh. disa. Feb. 2, 64. 
JOHN GATES, en. New Orleans, La. May 21, 62. Deserted July 15, 64, Al 
giers, La.. 
BERNARD GERRA, Lowell, 25, in; operative. Nov. 7, (!. M. O. Dec. 5, 

64. 
MOSES D. GiLMAN, Boyleston, 19, s; teamster. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
TRUMAN N. GOFF, Taunton, 19, m. farmer. Dec. 31, 04. M. O. Sept. 28, 

65. 
BENJAMIN GORRELL, Dedham, 35, m; farmer. Dee. 30, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 

FRANK B. GOWELL, Dedham, 18, s ; farmer. Dec.. 30, 64, M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
CHARLES H. GRANT, Lanesboro, 20, s; butcher. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, (55. 
DAVID F. GRANT, Dedham, 21. s; farmer. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

GEORGE W. CRANT, Dedham, 22, m; farmer. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 

JOHN GRANT, Middleboro, 19, s; printer. Dec. 28, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
JERRY GREEN, Pittsrield, 23, s ; hackman. Dee. 29, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65- 
S. C. GRIFFIN, en. Lowell, 22. Nov. 26, 61. Trans, to 30th Mass. Vol. Dec. 

61. 
JOSEPH S. GRUSH, Lowell, 45, m; book-agent. Nov. 30, 61. Disch. disa. 

June, 62. 
EBEN GUPTILL, Gloucester, 19, s ; fisherman. Nov. 26, 61. Disch. disa. 

June, 62. 
JOSIAH S. HARDY, Lowell, 45, m ; farmer. Nov. 2, 61. Disch. disa. June, 

62. 

JOHN HARRIS, Quiney, 23, stone-cutter. Dec. 31, 64. Deserted Sept. 1, 65. 
MILAN A. HARRIS, Leominster, 18; s. farmer. Nov. 13, 61. Disch. disa. 

June, 62. 

MARCUS HASKINS, Colerain, 31, m ; farmer. Jan. 2, 65. M. O. Sept. 28, 

65. 
GEORGE K. HATCH, Pembroke, Me. 26, m ; merchant. Oct. 17, 61. Disch. 

Aug. 26, 62, and appointed 2nd Lieut. 1st Regt. La. Cav. Disch. July 23, 

63. 
EDWARD A. HAYDEN, Dighton, 19, s ; laborer. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 



cii THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

PATRICK FLANNIGAN, Lowell, 35, in; laborer. Nov. I. (51. Disch. disa. 

March. (53, Brashear City, La. 
TIMOTHY HENNESEY, Newton, 21, s; varnisher. Dec. :50, (54. M. O. Sept. 

28, 05. 
. WILLIAM HILAND, Boston, 22, a; hostler. Dec. 2, (51. Disch. disa. June, 

62, 
GEORGE W. A. HILL, en. N. BrookfieM, Cr. Worcester, 24, s; shoemaker. 

Dec. 31, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

PETER HOLDEN, Lowell, 22, m ; laborer. Nov. 8, (51. Re-en. Feb. 19, 64. 

Deserted, Aug. 28, 64. 
PATRICK HOLLIHAN, Lowell, 23, in: laborer. Nov. 4, 61. Died June, 62. 

SAMUEL HOPKINS. Lowell, 20, s: machinist. Nov. 7, 61. Disch. disa- 

Jan. 18, 64. 
STEPHEN HOWARD Shirley, 40. in : fanner. Nov. 25, 61. Died June, 

63, Brashear City, La. 

ROBERT HUNTER, Eastport, Me. 22. s; painter, Nov. 19, (51. Disch. disa. 
Aug. 29, (53, Port Hudson, La. 

JOSEPH JACOB, en. New Orleans, La. May 16, (52. Disch. (lisa. Jan, 
18, 64. 

SOREN JANSAN, Denmark, Cr Rehoboth, 28. s; laborer. March 18, 64. 
Died July 16, 64, New Orleans, La. 

NATHANIEL B. JELLISON, Boston, 22. m ; sailor. Nov. 22, 61. Disch. 

disa. June 1(5, 62. 
ALLEN JOHNSON, Boston. 28, m : carpenter. Nov. 28, (51. M. O. Dec. 

5, 64. 
OLIVER JONES, Dighton, 19, s ; bootmaker. Dec. 31, (54. Disch. July 21, 65. 

THOMAS L. JONES, en. New Orleans, La. - - Nov. 25, 62. Died Nov 
12, 63, Port Hudson, La. 

DAVID KIEF, Springfield, 21, s; moulder. Dec. 31, 64. M.O. Sept. 28, 65. 

JOHN M. KINGSLEY, en. New Orleans. La. - May 23, (52. Died May 

14, 64, Alexandria, La. 
ALBERT KITTRELL, Quincy, 29, m; expressman. Jan. 2, (55. Deserted 

July 26, 65, Fort Leaven worth, Kan. 

GEORGE F. LORD, Cambridge, 21, s; clerk. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 

65. 
WILLIAM J. LOWERY, Springfield, s, 19; mechanic. Dec. 31, 64. M.O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
JAMES MAHAN, Pembroke, Me. 18. Nov. 27, 61. Trans, to Co. I, 30th 

Mass. Vol. Dec. 61. 



COMPANY M. cm 

MORRIS MARCH, Lowell, 21, s ; operative. Nov. 27, 61. At M. O. Roll 

date Dec. 5, 64, reported absent sick. 
BENJAMIN B. MAYBERRY, Lowell, 36. Nov. 30, 61. Disch. Dec. 61. 

DANIEL McAULEY, Gloucester, 26; fisherman. Nov. 20, 61. Killed in 

action, May, 6. 5, Bayou Jack, La. 
JOEL McCALEB, Gloucester, 19, s; fisherman. Nov. 2."), 61. Disch. disa. 

June, 62, New Orleans, La. 
JOHN W. McCRACKEN, Boston, 25, in; shoemaker. Nov. IS, 61. M. O. 

Dec. 5, 64. 

JOHN McDONALD, Boston, 2;}, m; carpenter. Dec. 3, 61. Disch. and pro 
moted to be 2nd Lieut. 2nd Regt. Louisiana Vol. Inf. Aug. 62. Resigned 

March 16, 65. 
JAMES McGRAVEY, Springfield, 25, s ; laborer. Dec. 30, 64. Disch. Aug. 

2, 65. 
ALEXANDER McKENZTE, South Reading, 21, s; blacksmith. Dec. 31, 64. 

Deserted July 26, 65, Fort Leaven worth, Kan. 
JAMES McMAHOX, Dedhani, 24, in; driver. Dec. 30, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
THOMAS McMANUS, Newton, 23, s; saddler. Dec. 31, 62. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
JOHN MORAN, en. New Orleans, La. Sept. 29, 62. Deserted Nov. 19, 63, 

Port Hudson. 
EDWARD MOULTON, Lynnfield, 21, s; shoemaker. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
MANSFIELD A. MOULINS, Gloucester, 22, m; fisherman. Nov. 14, 61. 

Disch. disa. Sept. 16, 62. 
JOHN H. MURPHY, Bradford, 19, s; currier. Jan. 2, 05. M. O. Sept. 28, 

65. 
HENRY W. NIBBS, en. Boston, Or. Haverhill, 18; shoemaker. Dec. 31, 64. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

HUGH S. O NIEL, Lowell, 22, m; currier. Oct. 22, 61. M. O. Dec. 5, 64. 
WILLIAM O. OSGOOD Lowell, 25, m. farmer. Dec, 2, 61. M. O. Dec. 5 f 

64. 
JAMES OSMOND, Pembroke, Me. 19, s ; mason, Nov. 19, 61. Killed in 

action, May, (53, Bayou Jack, La. 
ALBERT W. PATTEN, Salisbury, 19, s; farmer. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 

MOSES S. PAUL, Lowell, 21, s ; clerk, Dec. 2, 61. Died Nov. 62, Thibad- 

eaux, La. 
OLIVER PLUMATO, Lowell, 34, m ; barber. - Died July 1, 63,; New 

Orleans, La. 



civ THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

HIRAM PLUMMER, JR. Ipswich, 19, 8; currier. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
CLARENCE O. POLAND, en. Salem, Cr. Lee, 18, s; blacksmith, Dec. 31, 04. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
RICHARD POWERS, JR., Salem, 23, m; laborer. Dec. 31, 64. M.O. Sept. 

28, (J5. 
ALLEN PIUTCHARD, Pittsfleld, 21, s; laborer. Dec. 30, 64. Died Aug. 11, 

65, Fort Leavenworth, Kan. 

IRA H. PROCTER, Peter.boro, N. H. 21, m; shoemaker. Nov. 21, 61. Trans, 
to V. R. C. Feb. 29, 64. 

CHARLES RAY, Pittsfteld, 20, s; spiauer. Dec. 30, 64. M. O. Sept 28, 65. 
ROMAN REED, Springfield, 36, s ; laborer. Dec. 30, (54. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
SAMUEL REYNOLDS, Pembroke, Me, 27. Nov. 27, 61. Disch. disa. 

Dec. 61. 
STEPHEN RICHARDSON, JR., Lowell, 26, m ; teamster. Nov. 3, 61. Disch. 

disa. July 19, 64. 
THOMAS ROBERTS, Boston, 23, s ; seaman, Nov. 30, 61. Trans, to Navy, 

July 14, 64. 

DANIEL ROZEXQUAT, en. New Orleans, L:i. Sept. 17, 62. Trans. ^ to 

V. R. C. Fel). 29, 64. 
EDWARD A. SAUNDERSJNew Ipswich, 18, s; tinker. Nov. 12,61. 

Disch. disa. June, 62. 
GEORGE E. SEYMORE, Pembroke, Me. 18, s; fanner. Nov. 19, 61. Died 

June, 62. 

WILLIAM SHIRMIRSTER, Disch. disa. Sept. 28, 63. 

AUGUSTUS SHUTES, en. New Orleans, La., Dec. 23, 62. Died March 28, 64. 

Annapolis, Md. 
A. SHUTTLER, Died March 27, 64, Annapolis, Md. Unof. 

CHARLES B. SIMONDS, Hancock, 23, s; farmer. Nov. 30, 61. Disch. disa. 

June 62. 
WILLIAM SIMPSON, Cambridge, 20, s; laborer. Dec. . 30, <>4. M. O. Sept. 

28, 65. 
DAVID SLOAN, Waterloo, N. J., Cr. Yarmouth, 20, s; farmer. March 8, 64. 

Deserted July 13, 64, Algiers, La. 

ALFRED SMALL, Pembroke, Me., 22, m; Alrotypist. Nov. 27, 61. Disch. 

disa. June, 62. 
CHARLES F. SMITH, New Jersey, Cr. Middleboro, 20; laborer. Dec. 30 

64. Disch. July 8, 65. 



COMPANY M. cv 

JAMES SMITH, JR., Pembroke, Me., 33, m; trader. Nov. 27, 61. Absent 

on detacbed serv., since Oct. 64. No later record. 

JOSEPH A. SXELL, Cambridge, 19, s; laborer. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
ALPHEUS SPAULDING, Lowell, 44, m; fruit dealer. Nov. 14, 61. Disch. 

disa. June, 62. 
CHARLES A. SPAULDING, Lowell, 18, s; school boy. Nov. 11, 61. Discb. 

disa. June, 62, New Orleans, La. Sub. serv. 
HORACE W. STIMSON, Springfield, 24, s; peiller. Dec. 30, 64. Disch. 

June 13, 65. 
JOHN F. STODDARD, East Abington, 18, s; seaman. Jan. 5, 64. Trans, to 

Navy, July 14, 64. 
CHARLES E. STUDLEY, Pembroke, Me., 21, s; peiller. Nov. 19, 61. Disch. 

disa. June, 62. 
EDWARD E. H. STURTEVANT, Boston, 21, s; salesman. Oct. 1, 61. M. O. 

Dec. 5, 64. 
JEREMIAH SULLIVAN, en. Boston, Cr. Wrentliam, 21, s; p.icker. Dec. 31, 

64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 

CHARLES H. SYMONDS, Boston, 21, s; teamster. Dec. 2, til. M. O. Dec. 5/64. 
EUGENE H. TODD, Topsrteld, 1!), in ; shoemaker. Died Sept. 30, 63. Port 

Hudson. 
FREDERICK G. TREES, en. Boston, Cr. Cambridge, 23, s; laborer. Dec. 30, 

64. M. O. Sept. 28, (55. Prior serv. 
CHARL ULXIBREN, Germany, Cr. Rehoboth, 21, m ; carpenter. M irch 18, 

64. Died Nov. 10, 64, Baltimore, Md. 

THEODORE VIEWIG, deserted Aug. 10, 63, Port Hudson. 
ALBERT S. WARD, Springfield, 18, s; carpenter. Dec. 30, 64. M. O. Sept. 

28, (55. 
CHARLES WERNER, Charlestown, 21, s; clerk. Jan. 5, 64. Deserted July 

15, 64, Algiers, La. 
WILLIAM L. WESTON. New Ipswich, 18, s ; cigar-maker. Nov. 12, 61. 

Disch. disa. June, 62. 
BENJAMIN P. WHEELER, en. Worcester, Cr. North Brookfield, 27, m; 

moulder. Dec. 29, 64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
GEORGE E. WHITE, en. Boston. Cr. Princeton, 21, m; laborer. Dec. 27, 

64. M. O. Sept. 28, 65. 
ZACHARY T. WILEY, en. Salem, Cr. Lyiinfield, 21, s; fanner. Dec 31, 

64, M. O. Sept. 28,65. 

JAMES K. WILLIAMS, Baron, Me. Cr. Norton, 21, s; seaman. Dec. 14, 63, 
Trans, to Navy, July 14, 64. 

THOMAS J. WILLIAMS, Salem, 33, m; shoemaker. Dec. 31, 64. M. O. 

Sept. 28, 65. 
FRANCIS WYMA.N, Lynn, 21, s; shoemaker. Nov. 14, 61. Disch. disa- 

June, 62. 



READ S COMPANY. 

(See History of Read^s Company," by Lieut. F. D. Pope, printed in this work, p. 277) 



ANDREW MORSE, JR., 1st Sergt. Wareham, 28, s; carpenter. Sept. 24, 01. 

Disch. to accept commission in 1st Louisiana Cavalry, Aug. 20, 02. Capt. 

Dec. 20, 03. Prior serv. 
CHARLES F. READ, 1st Sergt. Gardner, 20, ra ; clerk. Sept. 30, 01. M. O. 

Nov. 20, 04. 
HADIJAH LINCOLN, Q.-M. Sergt, Warehatn, 34, m; merchant. Oct. 1, 01. 

M. O. Nov. 20, 04. 
CLARENCE S. BAILEY, Sergt., Gardner, 30, m; mechanic. Sept. 30, 01. 

Disch. to accept commission in 2nd Louisiana Cavalry, Oct. 8, 03. Capt. 

May 12, 04. Disch. Sept. 7, 04. 
HERMAN BECK, Sergt, en. New Orleans, La., May .), 02. Trans, to 1st 

Texas Cavalry, Dec. 13, 02. 
MOSES W. EMERY, Sergt. Gardner, 30, m ; mechanic. Sept. 30, 01. Disch. 

disa. July 1, 02, New Orleans, La. 

CHARLES HOUGHTON, Sergt., Boston, 21, s ; clerk. Dec. 11, 01. Disch. 

to accept commission in 2nd Louisiana Cavalry, Nov. 3, 03. 
SAMUEL Q. JONES, Sergt. Essex, 21, s; ship joiner. Oct. 10, 01. M. O. Nov. 

20, 04. 

HERMAN I. STARK, Sergt. Boston, 22, s; soldier. Oct. 14. 01. Tied of 

wounds received in action, Oct. 20, 03. 
HIRAM F. STEWART, Sergt., Wareham, 24, m; cooper. Sept. 27, 01. Disch. 

to accept commission as 1st Lieut, in 1st Louisiana Cavalry. Aug, 20 5 02. 

Resigned Sept. 5, 03. 

CHARLES I. TAYLOR, Sergt.. Lowell. 20, s; carpenter. Oct. 28, 01. M. O. 

Nov. 20. 04. 
BUIiRAGE Y. WARXHR, Sergt. . New Bedford, 33. m ; miller. Oct. 2, 01. 

Disch. disa. .Tune 28, "02, New Orleans, La. 

HENRY WESTHTS, Sergt., en. New Orleans, La.. 31; painter, May 12. 02. 
Disch. May 12, 0">. from Company I, exp. serv. 



READ S COMPANY. cvii 

HENRY F. WILLIAMSON, Sergt., New Bedford, 21, m ; butcher, Sept. 2!i, 
61. Disch. to accept commission 1st Louisiana Infantry, Aug. 2(5, 62. 
Promoted to be major 2nd Louisiana Cavalry, May 4, (14. 

WILLIAM A. WRIGHT, Sergt., Marblehead, 28, s; stonecutter. Nov. 27, 
61. Disch. Jan. 2, 65, exp. aerv. 

EDWARD A. BRALEY, Corp; 25, m; farmer. Nov. 5, 61. Wounded Sept. 

10, 64. M. O. Nov. 26, 64. 
CHARLES CORCORAN, Corp., en. New Orleans, La., May 9. 62. Disch. 

disa. from wound, March 10, 64. 
WILLIAM D. GOOSE, Corp., Essex, 23, m ; salesman. Oct. 14, 61. M. O. 

Nor. 26, 64. 

JOSHUA W. DOWST, Corp., Salem, 26. s; painter. Dec, 2, 61. Disch. disa. 
June 30, 63. 

WILLIAM S. DOTY, Corp., Wareham, 18, s: farmer. Oct. 7, 61. M. O. Nov. 
26, 64. 

ARTHUR P. GALLEY, Corp., Mount Desert, Me., 22, s; sailor. Nov. 12 61. 

M. O. Nov. 26, 64. 
NICHOLAS HEISHOFF, Corp., en. New Orleans, May 0, 62. Deserted July 

20, 64, New Orleans, La. 
JOHN W. LANGLEY, Corp., en. Boston, 10, s; coachman. Sept. 20, 61. Disch. 

disa. June 15, 62. 

ALONZO. W. PERSONS, Corp. Woburn, 28, m; merhant, Dec. 18, 61. Disch. 
and appointed Capt. Co. G, 1st La. Inf. Aug. 2, 62. M. O. July 12, 65. 

LORENZ PEZOLD, Corp. en. New Orleans, La. 26; carpenter. May 0, 62. 

M. O. 65. 
ISAIAH ROBBINS, Jr. Corp. Keene, N. H. 22, s; carpenter. Sept. 27, 61. 

Disch. disa. July 15, 62, New Orleans, La. 

ELLIS S. RUSSELL, Corp. Hartford, Me. 23, s. Oct. 25, 61. Disch. to ac 
cept com. in 1st. Louisiana Inf. Aug, 27, 63. 1st Lieut. May 1, 64. 

FERDINAND SPEAR, Corp. en. New Orleans, La. June 14, 62. Killed by 
the enemy after surrendering, May 15, 63, Independent Station. La. 

WILLIAM SWEENEY, Corp. New Brunswick, 24, s; brick-layer. Oct. 
24, 61. Wounded Sept. 10, 64. M. O. Nov, 26, 64. 

EDWARD TAUPSEN, Corp. en. New Orleans, La. June 13, 62. Died Nov. 

4. 63, Bonnet Carre, La. 
FREKERICK J. HARTNER, bugler, en. New Orleans, La. 25; harness 

maker, June 8, 62. Disch. May 10, 65, from Co. D, expired service. 

WILLIAM B. HAMBLIN, Bugler, Boston, 10, s ; clerk. Nov. 25, 61. Dis 
charged Feb. 20, 64, to accept commission as 2nd Lieut. 4th Regt. 
U. S. C. Cav. Taken prisoner on Red River campaign, and supposed to 
have been shot by enemy. 



THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 



JAMES WILEY, Farrier, Framingham, 35, in; stone-cutter. Nov. 5, 61. 

M. O. Nov. 26, 64. 
GEOGE W. BURKE, Saddler, Chelsea, 19, H; saddler. Sept. 30, 61. Disch. 

disa. June 28, 62, New Orleans, La. 

HENRY W. BUGBEE, Wagoner, East Wareham, 33, in; teamster, Oct. 14, 61. 

Disch. disa. June 15, 62, New Orleans, La. 
IGNATCY HARTMAN, Saduler, en. New Orleans, La. saddler, May 6, 62, 

Wounded Sept. 19, 64. M. O. May 17, 65, from Co. M. 

JAMES A. WILEY, Wagoner, Framingham, 18, s; teamster. Nov. 4, 61. 

M. O. Nov. 26, <>4. 
ALBERT D. AMSDEN, Grafton, 10, s; student, Sept. 26, 61. Died May 13. 

62. New Orleans, La. 
FRANK ARTIGUE, en. New Orleans, La. 24; driver. July 30, 62. M. O. 

Nov. 26, 64. 
ALLEN G. ASHLEY, New Bedford, 21, s; miller. Sept. 30, 61. Disch. 

disa. Feb. 28, 63, Carrollton, La. 

WILLIAM H. BECK, Wenham, 32, m; shoemaker. Oct. 30, 61. Disch. 

dis. June, "15, 62. 
JOHN M. BENSON, Hartford, Me. 19, s; farmer, Oct. 15, 61. Disch. disa. 

Oct. 1, 62, New Orleans, La. 
BERNARD BLANCK, en. New Orleans, La,, 24; shoemaker. May 17, W. 

Disch. disa, Feb. 6, 65, from Company H. 
GEORGE F. BRALEY r , Rochester, 24, s ; farmer. Oct. 15, 61. Disch. disa 

June 15, 62, New Orleans, La. 

ANDREW BROCHE, en, New Orleans, La., July 1, 62. Deserted Sept. 6, 63- 
ALBERT E. BURLINGAME, Brighton, 18, s; farmer. Dec. 9, 61. Disch. disa, 

July 1, 62, New Orleans, La. 
JOHN L. BURNHAM, Lawrence, 46, m ; stone cutter. Oct. 12, 61. Disch. 

disa. July 1, 62, New Orleans, La. 
WILLIAM F. CARLETON, Chelsea, 20, s; trunk maker. Nov. 1, 61. Disch. 

and commissioned 2nd Leut. 1st Louisiana Cavalry, Aug. 26, 62. Disch. 

Dec. 22, 63. 

LEOPOLD CORTEL, en. New Orleans, La., Aug. 6, 62. Deserted Sept. 24, 62. 
BERNARD CASNANE, en. New Orleans, La., July 31, 62. Deserted Sept. 

24, 63. 

CHARLES H. CHANDLER, Lowell, 20, Nov. 20, 61. Disch. disa. Feb. 1, 62. 
JOHN CLARK, en. New Orleans, La., June 19, 62. Deserted June 23, 62. 

JOHN K. COLLINS, Deer Island, Me., 21, s ; seaman. Nov. 1, 61. Disch. 

disa. March 28, 64, because of wound received by accident. 
WILLIAM COSGROVE, Mendon, 19, s; bootmaker. Oct. 14, 61. Died Sept. 

9, 62, Carrolton, La. 



READ S COMPANY. < ix 

JOHN CRAFTS, JR., Essex, 42, m; farmer. Nov. 9, 61. Disch. (lisa. June 

15, 02. 

TIMOTHY CROUGH, en. New Orleans, Aug. 21, 62. Disch.disa. from wounds 

March 28, 64. 
WILLIAM DAVIS, Bristol, Me., 21, s ; sailor. N o v. 15, 61. Reported on M. 

O. roll as absent, sick, Nov. 26, 64. 
JAMES M. DOTY. Warehara, 23, s; nailer. Oct. 7, 61. Wounded Sept. 10/64. 

M. O. Nov. 26, 64. 
JOHN DOWNEY, Brooklyn, N. Y., 26, m; barber. Nov. 15, 61, Disch. by 

sentence of General Court Martini, April 14, 62. Unof. 
JAMES F. DRESSER, Stockbridge, 19, s ; clerk. Nov. 8, 61. M. O. Nov. 

26, 64. 
WILLIAM H. DRESSER, Stockbridge, 19, s; farmer. Nov. 27, 61 

M. O. Nov. 26, ? 64. 
JOHN C. FARRAR, Buckfield, Me. 21, s ; farmer. Oct. 26, 61. Disch.disa. 

June, 15, 62, New Orleans. 
LEWIS FINNEY, Middleboro, 24, in ; shoemaker. Dec. 6, 61. Disch, and 

commissioned in 42nd Regt. U. S. C. Inf. 1st Lieut. March, 64. 
CHARLES FISHER, en. New Orleans, May 12, 62. Died April 14, 64, New 

Orleans. 
FRANK E. FLAGG, Framingham, 22, s; piano-maker. Oct. 24, 61. M. O. 

Nov. 26, 64. 
CHARLES G ABLER, en. New Orleans, May 9, 62. Deserted July 20, 64. 

Algiers, La. 
JAMES GALLAGHER, Lowell, 25, s; tinsmith, July 19, 62 Died March 

16, (55. 

JOHN H. GUILD, Nashua, N. H. 23, s; manufacturer, Oct. 30, 61. Prisoner 
of war, but escaped from enemy, and joined Regt. M. O. Nov. 26, 64. 

GEORGE HENNAN, en. New Orleans, June 12 62. Disch. disa. May 5, 63. 

NATHANIEL S. HARRIS, Lynn, 22, m ; teamster. Dec. 9, 61. Disch. disa. 
April 10, 62, Ship Island, Miss. 

JASON C. HATCH, Essex, 19, s. farmer. Oct. 4, 61. Killed in action Oct. 
19, 64, Cedar Creek, Va. 

GEORGE HAYWARD, Blusfteld, Mich. 21, s; hunter. Sept. 20, 61. Disch. 
disa. June 15, 62, New Orleans. 

GEORGE D. HERBERT, N. Y. 34, m; soldier. Jan. 6, 62. Disch. and com 
missioned 1st Lieut. 1st Louisiana Cavalry, Aug. 26, 62. Disch. D&c. 
29, 62. 

LEWIS HERMAN, en. New Orleans. May 6, 62. Deserted Oct. 26, 62, 
Carrolltc-n, La. 

BENJAMIN HERRICK, JR. Topsfield, 36, m ; stone-cutter. Dec. 3, 61. 
Disch. disa. June 15, 62, New Orleans. 



ex THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

WILLIAM E. HERRFCK, Beverly. 26, s ; shoemaker. Nov. 13, 6t. Ditch, 
(lisa. June 15, 62. Unof. 

EBEN V. HITCH, Fairhaven, 27, s; clerk. Sept. 27, 61. Disch. and com 
missioned in 1st Louisiana Cavalry, Aug. 27, 6.3. Capt. July 4, 64. 
M. O. Dec. 18, 65. 

FRANKLIN L. HULL, Fairhaven, 39, m; engineer. Sept. 27, 61. Disch. 

disa. April 13, 63. 
ALVAH K. HURTER, En. Boston 21 : merchant. Dec. 12, 61. M. O. Dec. 

27, 64, Also a member of Co. L. 
CAWLEY R. JONES, Lowell, 21. s; clerk. Dec. 10, 61. Disch. disa. April 

10, 62, Ship Island, Miss. Sub. serv. 
WILLIAM H. JONES, Cambridge, 23, s; witch maker. Dec. 21, 61. Disch. 

disa. April 1, 63. 
FRANK B. JORDAN, Manchester, N. H., 25, m; lumberman. Sept. 21, 61. 

Disch. disa. June 15, 62, New Orleans. 
GEORGE KAHLER, en. New Orleans, May 11, 62. Deserteb Jan. 12, 63, 

Carrollton, La. 
JAMES F. KESOFF, Roxbury, 32, m ; currier. Dec. 23, 61. Disch. disa, Oct. 

1, 62. 
AUGUST KIRK, en. New Orleans, 20; fresco painter. May 10, 62. Disch. May 

17, 65, from Company D, exp. serv. 

HENRY KNOUT, en. New Orleans, May 9, 62. Disch. disa. Feb, 28, 63, Car 
rollton, La. 
WILLIAM KUNZ, en. New Orleans, June 13, 62. Died of wounds Aug. 14, 

63, New Orleans. 
JULIUS LASTMAN, en. New Orleans, 29; carpenter. June 4, 62. Discli. 

Aug. 17, 65, in Company C, exp. serv. 

FREDERICK, C. LELAND, Winchendon, 19. s; mechanic, Nov. 2, 61. Disch. 
and commissioned 2nd Lieut. 83d Regt. U. S. C. Int., Aug, 29, 63. 

JAMES A. LEONARD, JR., Middleboro, 38, s ; manufacturer. Sept. 30, 61. 

Disch. and commissioned R. Q. M., in 1st Louisiana Infantry, Aug. 16, 62. 

M. O. Aug. 12, 65. 
JOSIAH E. LOUD, North Weymouth, 22, s ; shoemaker. Dec. 6, 61. Disch. 

disa. June 15, 62. 
GEORGE M. LOVERING, East Randolph. 30, m ; carpenter. Dec. 4, 61. 

Disch. disa. June 15, 62, New Orleans. 

JOHN J. LYNCH, Roxbury, 20, s; clerk. Jan. 1, 62. Disch. and commis 
sioned 2nd Lieut. 98th Regt. U. S. C. Inf., Sept. 17, 63. Disch. Feb, 12, 64. 

JOHN MANNING, en. New Orleans, July 31, 62. Deserted Sept. 28, 62. 
Camp Williams, La. 



READ S COMPANY. cxi 

PATRICK McHALE, Lawrence, 21, s; shoemaker. Dec. 21, til. Deserted 

Aug. 12, 64. 
EDWARD McDERMOTT, en. New Orleans, 26; laborer. June 1(5, 62. Disch. 

May 18, 65, in Co. C, exp. serv. 
FRANCES MARCEAU, en. New Orleans. Oct. 28, 62. Deserted May 1, 64. 

AUGUST MENGER. en. New Orleans, 28; baker. May 1(5, 62. Disch. May 

3, 65, exp. serv. from Co. H. 
WILLIAM MILLER, Boston, 24. Nov, 14, 61. Died July 5, 63, Baton 

Rouge, La. 

JOB. M. MOSHIER, Dartmouth, 19, s; farmer. Oct. 5, 61. Died Aug. 26. 

62, New Orleans. 
SYLVANUS MURRAY, Boston, 3(), m; tailor. Nov 8. 61. Deserted Nov. 

2!), (52. 
JOHN G. NICBOLS, Middleboro, 49, m; teamster. Dec. 9, 61. Disch. 

disa. June 15, (52. 

HAMMOND NOLTE, en. New Orleans, La. 30. tailor. May 12, 62. Disch. 

May 13, 65, in Co. C. exp. serv. 
JULIUS OBERKAMP, Wolfenbutte, Ger. en. St. James Parish, La. 20; sad 

dler. June 1, 63. Prisoner of war since Oct. 19, (54. No further record. 

GEORGE W. PEA BODY, Middletown 23, m; shoemaker. Nov. 27, 61 

Died April 26. 62, on ship North America Mississippi River. 
JOHN B. PATTEN, ]Lyun, 42, m; shoemaker. Dec. 11, 62. M. O. Dec. 24, 64. 

HENRY T. REYNARD, North Weyraonth, 21, s ; bootmaker. Sept. 25, 61. 

Killed in action Sept. 19, 64, Winchester, Va. 

MANUEL RUDDE, en. New Orleans, Nov. 1, 62. Deserted Dec. 21, (52. 
S1MON.SAHR, en. New Orleans, June 1(5, 62. Deserted Oct. 29, 62. 
CHARLES G. SCHAEFFER, en. New Orleans, 22; confectioner. June 14, 62. 

Disch. May 20, 65, from Company D, exp. serv. 

CHRISTIAN SCHMIDT, en. New Orleans, 41; blacksmith. June 16, 62. 

Disch. May 19, (55, from Company H, exp. serv. 
CHARLES C. SCHOOF, en. New Orleans, 3(5; harness maker. July 1 , 62. 

Wounded Sept. 19, (54. Disch. May 19, (55. 

AMOS P. SEARLES, Phillipston, 25, s; chair-maker. Oct. 25, 61. Died No v . 
12, (52, Carrollton, Va. 

DENNIS SEGREE, en. New Orleans, Nov. 10, 62. Died Nov. 4, 63. Bountt 
Carre. 

HENRY S. SELDEN, N. Y., 19, s; druggist. Dec. 19, (51. Absent on de 
tached serv. since Sept. 25 ^ (53. No further record. 

GEORGE SMITH, en, New Orleans, Jan. 10. 62. Deserted, Sept. 9, 62, 



cxii THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CAVALRY. 

HENRY SMITH, en. New Orleans, Oct. 27, 62. Deserted Dec. 15, 02. New 

Bridge, La. 

ROBERT SNIDER, en. New Orleans. Oct. 9, 02. Deserted March 6, 63. 
FRANK A. STARKEY, Brighton, 20, s; clerk. Dec. 9, 61. Died A P ril 14, 62. 

Ship Island, Miss. 

CHRISTIAN STRCHLE, New Orleans, La. 26 ; shoemaker. May 9/62. Disch. 

May 10, 65 in Company C, exp. serv. 
EDWARD SULLIVAN, en. New Orleans, May 9, 62. Deserted Sept. 12, 62, 

Camp Williams, La. 
WILLIAM THOMPSON, Warrington Va. 18, s; sailor. Dec. 23, 61. Discli. 

to accept a commission in 1st Texas Cavalry, Dec. 25, 62. 
CHARLES TIBBETTS, Gloucester, 21, s; sailor. Oct. 22, 61. Disch. and 

commissioned 2nd Lieut. 2nd Regt. U. S. C. Cavalry, Sept. 21, 63. Re. 

signed Oct. 22, 64. 
RICHARD ULHMAN, en. New Orleans, May 17, 52. Disch. disa. Oct, 15, 62, 

New Orleans, La. 
GEORGE WATSON, en. New Orleans, A.u$. 20, 62. Died Oct. 18, 62, Car- 

rollton, La. 
ANDREW J. WHITTIER, Lexington, Ky. 23, s; soldier. Nov. 15, 61. 

Disch. Feb. 29, 64, and commissioned 1st Lieut. 4th Regt. U. S. C. Cav- 

Resigned August 29, 65. 
CHARLES G. WINCHESTER, Gardner, 21, s; clerk. Oct. 22, 61, M. O. 

Nov. 26, 64. 



UNASSIGNED RECRUITS. 



JOHN BILL, Boston, 23, s; apothecary. Jan. 18, 64. Missing in action 

Oct. 64. 
GEORGE E. BROWN, Waltham, 18, s; watchmaker. Dec. <), 63. Died 

Mar. 25, 64. Unof. 

JOHN P. BURKE, Died July 2, 63, Baton Rouge, La. 

JOHN CALLAHAN, Boston, 27, s; blacksmith. Feb. 25, 64. Died April 28, 

64, New Orleans, La. 
RICHARD H. CARTER, JR., Lynn 19, ; shoemaker. Feb. 10, 64. 

Wounded Sept. 10, 64. Diseh. disa. May 27, 65. Unof. 
WILLIAM CONGDON, Boston, 44, m; clerk. Feb. 4, 64. Died June 4, 64. 

Greenville, La. 
NATHANIEL M. DARLING, South Attleboro, 18, s; farmer. Jan. 4, 64 

Missing in action, Sept. 19, 64, Winchester, Va. No further record. 

DANIEL FOLLANSBEE, Lowell, 25, m; painter. On guard duty at Fort 

Jackson since April 62. No later records. 
DELOS B. FORD, en. Boston, 18; printer. Feb. 15, 64. Disch. July 24, 65. 

Unof. 
LEWIS P. GUELPA, Chelsea, Cr. Charlestown, 18, s; brassworker. March 

31, 64. Wounded Sept. 19, 64. Trans, to V. R. C. and disch. Nov. 20, 65. 
THOMAS HARDING, Sweden, Cr. Sandwich," 22; seaman. March 31, 64. 

Trans, to Navy, May 17, (54. 
JAMES JEFFREY, Halifax, N. S. en. Belmont, 24, s; seaman. Nov. 16, 63. 

M. O. Sept. 28, 65. Unof. 

JOHN P. JONES, Bradley, Me. Cr. Holliston, 25. m; mill-man. Dec. 14, 64. 

Absent without leave since June 11, 65. Unof. 
CORNELIUS KILEY, Boston, 34, s; "mariner. Feb. 27, 64. Absent without 

leave since June 10, 65. No later record. Unof. 
JOHN LEAVITT, Portland, Me. Cr. Sterling, 19, s ; printer. July 26, 64, 

Absent sick at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan. No later record. Unof. 

THOMAS G. MA.RCY, Nantucket, 21, s; clerk. Sept. 2/64. Dishon. Disch- 
Jan. 17, 66. Unof. 

NICHOLAS MAXWELL, en. Yarmouth, 23; laborer. March 11, 61. Trans, 
to Navy April 2, 64, and deserted, April 13,64. 



cxiv THIRD MASSACHUSETTS CALVARY. 

DANIEL MCCARTHY, New York, Cr. Dartmouth, 28, s; laborer. Feb. 13, 

64. Disch. disa. June 15, 64. Unof. 
ALEXANDER McGREGOR, Lisbon, New York, en Littleton, 42, s; gardener. 

Nov. 18, 63. Disch. (lisa. Jan. 26, 64. 
JOHN B. MORRIS, N. Dighton, Cr. Woburn, 20, s; farmer. Sept. 8, 64. 

Absent without leave since June, 60. 
WILLIAM H. MORRIS, Pawtucket, R. I. 23, s ; farmer, Sept. 8, 64. Absent 

without leave since June 65. Unof. 
HANS PETER PETERSON, Boston, Cr. Templeton, 40, m; book-keeper. 

June 28, 64. Disch. May 18. 65. 
JOHN QUINLAN, Brookline, ID, s; shoemaker, Dec. 2(5, 63. Deserted 

May 21, 65. Unof. 
CHARLES E. REED, Newfield, Me. 20, s; laborer. Jan. 18, 64. Disch. disa. 

May 16, 64. Unof. 
JOSEPH W. SHAW, Prescott, 29, m; farmer. Sept. 1, 64. Disch. May 

20, 65. Unof. 

WILLIAM W. SHELTON. Southampton, N.B., en. Boston, 28, s; seaman. 

Nov. 25, 61. Disch. disa Dec. 1, 62. Unof. 

HEItfRICH SCHMIDT. N. Y. Cr. Boston, 21, s; clerk, March 7, 64, De 
serted July 12, 64. Unof. 
LOUIS SMITH, N. Y. Cr. Dorchester, 19, s; tailor. Nov. 15, 64. Absent 

without leave since June 65. Unof. 
WILLIAM ST. JOHNS, N. Y. Cr. Leominster, 23, s; clerk. Feb. 24, 64. 

Present June, :>0, 65, No later record. Unof. 
HORACE A. TYRRELL, Heath, 10, s; farmer. Sept. 7, 64. Disch. Dec. 

2!). 64, on ground of minority. 
WILLIAM F. UPTON, North Prescott. 18, s; sailor. Sept 17, 64. Disch. 

May 20, 65. Unof. 
NELSON S. WATSON, West Greenwich,]!?. 1. Cr. Chelsea, 28, m ; seaman. 

Aug. 5, 64. Disch. June, 3, (55. 
CALVIN O. WILKINS, Lancaster, N. H. Cr. Roxbury, 27, m; farmer. 

March 14, 64. Died June 30, 64, Morganza, La.. Unof. 
ANSEL W. WILLIAMS, Tewsksbury, 26, ra; farmer. Nov. 28, 61. Died 

Feb. 28, (52. 



From the above statistics we learn that there were killed or died from 
from wounds, 8!); wounded, 113; died from disease, 158; discharged by reason of 
disability, 394; discharged for promotion in other regiments, 59; died as 
prisoners of war in bauds of the enemy, 17. The number of wounded seems to 
be incorrect, owing to defective records. We find some companies reporting 
more killed than wounded; one company reports five killed and none wounded. 
The usual proportion ot wounded to killed or died of wounds would make the 
number of wounded here reported twice as great. 



Reunions of T^bird jMass. Cavalry. 



A ATE. 

1865. Nov. 1 

I860. Nov. 1 

1867. Nov. 1 

18(58. Oct. ID 

1861). Nov. 1 

1870. Nov. 1 

1871. Nov. 1 

1872. Nov. 1 

1873. Nov. tf 

1874. Oct. ID 

1875. Oct. ID 
187(5. Sept. 11) 

1877. Sept. 17 

1878. Oct. IS 
1870. Sept. Ill 

1880. July S 

1881. Sept. lit 

1882. Sept. ID 
188:?. Sent, lit 

1884. Dec. 4 

1885. Sept. 11) 
188<>. Sept. . 5 and 4 

1887. Sept. 19 

1888. Oct. ID 
18SD. Oct. lit 
18!H) Aug. 12^ 
185)1. Oct. lit 
18i2. Aug..:il 
1X1KJ. Sept. 22 
1894. Sept lit 
181)5. Sept. 22 
IXiKJ. Sept. 22 
181)7. Oct. ID 
181)8. Oct. (5 
18DD. Sept. lit 
1!XH). Sept. ID 
11K)1. Sept. ID 
1002. Oct. il) 
liHKJ. Nov. 5 



PLACE. 

1 arker House 



Sturtevant House 
7 Hanover Street 

Clarendon House 
Arlington House 
Clarendon House 
Crawford House 
American J louse 



G.A.H. Hall, Lawrence 
Maverick House 
Downer Landing 
American House 



Young s Hotel 
New Bedford 

1 rovincetown 

Lynn 

American House, 

Tremont House 
The Quincy 
American House 
Berkeley Halls 



Brockton 
Faneuil Hall 
Berkeley Halls 



American House 



PRESIDENT. 

Col. T. E. Chickering 
Col. L. D. Sargent 



Col. F. G. Pope 



Major . L. Noyes 

Major D. T. Bunker 
Capt. C. B Stoddard 
Capt. R. C. Elliot 
Lieutenant J. P. Maxfield 
Col. L. D. Sargent 

Capt. W. A. Gove 
Capt. W. A. Cunningham 
Lieut. N. S. Dickey 
Capt. C. E. Grover 
Capt. C. W. C Rhoades 
Col. D. P. Mil/Key 
Capt. J. W. Hervey 
J. C. Thomas 
Hon. H. B. Lovering 

Capt. R. B. Granger 
Surg. A. H. Blanchard 
Capt. J. H. Kingsley 
Capt. P. S. Curry 
Lieut. Milan A. Harris 
Capt. Win. Harris 
Capt. H. D. Pope 
Col. John F. Vinal 
Chas. T. Emery 
Francis T. Holder 

William Gallagher 
Rev. James K. Ewer 



ERRORS AND CORRECTIONS. 

Page 10, 3rd line of Topics, "Major, Sergeant," should read " Major Sargent. 

Page 18, John "A." Vinal, should be John F." Vinal. 

Page 19, Fred " D." Pope should read Fred, " G." Pope. 

Page 55, 13th line from top, "respite" should read " surprise.* 

Page 77, "Simonsport" should " Simmsport," 2d line from bottom. 

Page 82, " was " should read " were," 10th line from top. 

Bottom of Page 121, " Darivuge" should read " Durivage." 

On Page 113, is an account of the capture of Lt. Gove. Since that account was 
written additional facts have come to light. The force tired upon was going from 
Port Hudson to meet another coming up from Baton Rouge. The detachment 
tired upon was commanded by Capt. Muzzey. 

Page 413, 2nd paragraph, 4th line, should read, " he was made," instead of 
" he made." 

Page 143, end of second paragraph, " come " should read " came." 

Page 108, second paragraph in the sixth line, " cannons" should read "cannon- 
iers." 

Page 178, last word of Top cs should read Morganza," instead of " Morgauia." 

Page 264, 2d line, last paragraph, " 62 " should be " 03." 

Page 280, 3rd paragraph " Lieut. Weitzel" should be " Lieut. Weigel." 

Page 291, the heading should be "In St. James Parish." 



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