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Full text of "Third reunion of Iowa Hornets' Nest Brigade : 2d, 7th, 8th, 12th and 14th infantry, held at Newton, Iowa, Wednesday and Thursday, August 21 and 22, 1895"

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Wednesday and Thursday, 

August 21 and 22 ; 



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Col. W. T. Shaw, Anamosa, Iowa. 


G. L. GODFREY, Second Iowa, Des Moines, Iowa. 

S. M'Mahon, Seventh towa, Ottumwa, Iowa. 

J. C. Kennon, Eighth Iowa, Van Horn, Iowa. 

R. P. Clarkson, Twelfth Iowa, Des Moines. Iowa. 

S. M. Chapman, Fourteenth Iowa, Plattsmouth, Neb. 


R. L. Turner, Eighth Iowa, Oskaloosa, Iowa. 


V. P. Twombly, Second Iowa, Des Moines, Iowa. 

IP r o £> r ei m m e. 

Wednesday, August 21st. 

Reveille. Brigade headquarters and morning" gun. 

The forenoon will be devoted to reception of guests at trains by mil- 
itary escort, Co. "L," 2nd Regt., and Band Concert at Court 
House Park by Brigade Drum Corps and Knights Templar Band. 

Dinner from 12 M. till 2 P. M. 

Assembly at Court House Park at 2 P. M. (sharp) 

Form line and march to Opera House. 

Invocation, Rev. E. J. Rice. 


Presentation, or Introduction of Brigade to Mayor and City Council, 

Grand Army and Citizens " Robert Burns. 

Address of Welcome by Mayor A. K. Lufkin. 

Address of Welcome for Grand Army by Col. Meyer. 


Response to Address of Welcome by Col. Shaw, for Brig, and 14th la. 


Response to Adr's of Welcome for 2nd la., Capt. C. H. McNeil, Sioux 
City. . 


M^Resp'ns to Adr's of Welcome for 7th la., Maj. S. M'Mahon, Ottumwa. 


g Resp'ns to Adr's of Welcome for 8th la., Col. W. B. Bell, Washington, 

Response to Address of Welcome for 12th la., Capt. T. B. Edgington, 
Memphis, Tenn. 

Address, "Was Shiloh a Surprise'?" Judge Robt. Ryan, Lincoln, Neb. 
Song and Martial Music by Drum Corps. 

* ¥ ¥ 


Wednesday Evening, August 21st, 7:30 P. M. 

Assembly at -ring. Headquarters for Camp Fire; inarch to Opera 

Thanksgiving Rev E. C. Brooks. 

Song "Rally 'round the Flag." 

"Ten Minutes with the Old Boys, "Col. S. A.Moore. 2d la., Bloomliekl, 


'"Shiloh," Capt. J. B. Morrison, 7th la.. Fort Madison. 


Recitation, "Shiloh's Field by Night," Cora M. Patten. 

"The Union Brigade," Capt. E. B. Soper, 12th la., Emmetsburg. 

War Reminiscences Capt. Dan Matson, 14th la., Kossuth. 


'Iowa at Peace and in War," Gen. F. M. Drake, of Iowa. 



v v ¥» 

During the forenoon of the 21st, Garrett G. A. R. Post, No. lti, 
waited at the several trains and as the comrades arrived, escorted 
them to the court house, which was made general headquartei's. ICach 
regiment had its clerks, and they were kept busy registering names. 
General hand shaking was the order. The comrades were then 
escorted to entertainment headquarters in charge of Col.VV. K. Man- 
ning, Mrs 8. S. Patterson and Mrs. O. C. Meredith, where the assign- 
ments were made. 

The following are some of the inscriptions on the wall of the 
the court room: 

"Here's Your Mule " "18(32. Shiloh and War.'' '1895, Peace and Reunion." 
"Oral) a Hoot." "Pull the Latch String." "Our Chickens Roost Low." 
"Abide Willi Me." "Li Y.hi Don't See What You Want, Ask For It." 

The Brigade assembled at headquarters and escorted l>y the 
band, marched to the opera house. 

The opera house was very artistically decorated with (lags, ban- 
ners, Grand Army badges and emblems, bunting and the like. Large 
scrolls containing the outline history of each regiment hung on the 
walls. A cannon was placed on the left side and a group of stacked 
arms on the right side of the stage. The pictures of prominent gen- 
erals were also hung on the walls. 

The meeting was called to order by Rob't. Burns, a member of 
the 7th Iowa, ana ;i resilient of Newton, who presided at the meet- 

After a fervent invocation by Rev. K. .1. Rice, some forty little 
girls, all dressed in dainty white, came trooping on the stage, accom- 
panied by two diminutive knights, and sang "America" and "Star 
Spangled Banner" in such an inspiring and musical fashion that the 
audience cheered vociferously, at both the songs and the beautiful 
sight presented. 


The following was the graceful introduction of the chairman, 
Roh't. Bums, to the citizens of Newton: 

Mr. Mayor, members of the city council and citizens of Ne.vton: 
when the stranger is within your gates it is but natural that you 
enquire, and it is possibly right that you should know, who is he':' 
from whence came be? what is his charactor and reputation? 
what are his intentions ami purposes? are they peacefuler are 
they hostile? These questions we naturally would like to have 
answered, but courtesy to an invited guest forbids our asking them. 

But friends and citizens of Newton, it affords me great pleasure 
and satisfaction to be able to testify in behalf of the strangers with- 
in your gates today, having had the pleasure of their company and 
acquaintance for the three years t hat I had the honor to carry a 
musket for Uncle Sam. I feel that I am a competent witness. 
"Who are they?" They are a part of the rear guard of that gallant 
army, that when the lightning Hashed from embrasures of fort 
Moultrie and sent an electric thrill through the nervous fabric of 
the loyal and patriotic North, left the plows, the machine shops, 
the yard stick and school room, and donning the accoutrements of 
warfare, faced southward with a lirm and decided purpose- to pre- 
serve to posterity what tlie fathers had won. They are the boys 
whose gallantry and sacrilice at their maiden battle Belmont— 
challenged the admiration of the nation and shrouded in grief many 
northern homes. 

They are the boys who under the lead of the gallant Tut.tle led 
the charge at Donelson over the abattis and frozen snow, compell- 
ing compliance with that famous order "No terms other than an 
unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted." They 
are the hoys from the ever memorable contest at Shiloh, whose com- 
meneem nt was on the Sabbath morning, April (i, 18(52, but whose 
ending is not yet. But their warfare is over; the scenes of strife 
and conllict are long since past and remain only as a memory. 

They assemble here today as your guests in peaceful y^ars. Not 
the young, hopeful youths of thirty-four years ago, but as old men 
who have passed life's meridian, with furrowed check- and hoary 
hair long since and prematurely blossomed for the grave and on 
weary feet are treading that western incline that reaches down 
where the mourning waters wash niton the sands of the unknown 

This my friends is in brief a partial history of the part taken 
in the late war by the friends who are with us today and for them 
I bespeak your kind hospitality, never fearing for a moment that 
it will not be freely extended. 

Mayor A. K. Lufkin gave the following eloquent and cordial ad- 
dress of welcome: 

Oentln iu n: That you .ire welcomi goes without saying. That 
we arc most happj to have you here, judge by our hospitality, Had 

the keys of our City not long since been lost in the shuttle of opening 
our gates to others, we should be pleased to present them to you. 
There is no assembly of men toward which the citizens of Newton 
feel more kindly^ of which they are more proud, or more anxious to 
please, than the famous Hornets' Nest Brigade composed of the 2d, 
7th, 8th, 12th and 14th Regiments Iowa Infantry. Some one has said 
that "when you cannot entertain your guests let them entertain 
you.'' Bo if you lind we are not doing the proper thing, wade in. and 


we shall expect excellent treatment at your hands. The City is 
yours, and if the Comrades do not give yon all you desire report t lie in, 
and by the "Powers that be," the confines of the Guard House shall 
be tame, in comparison with their punishment! 

Gentlemen, the intense interest for you and your splendid exhi- 
bition of heroism, can only be fully realized by those who have 
steeled their nerves lor the hottest actions in the war of the Itebell- 
ion. But there is within the soul of every loyal citizen, whether or 
not he lias heard the sound of cannon in conlfict, thai which dictates 
his readiness to defend his country, which dictate.-, that loyall v and 
patriotism which is the incentive to raise up armies and navies to 
protect the honor, the homes, the wealth of a Nation, and were this 
not true, there would have been no Hornets' Nest Brigade. Just in 
proportion as this feeling of loyalty and patriotism is intense, can 
we, the younger generation, realize and appreciate your bravery, 
courage, strength and noble purpose. There is the same fueling of 
loyalty to-day on the part of the old and young, there are mother's, 
sisters" and lovers' hearts to break the same 'as then, there is the 
same pride and heroism to be developed, and it needs only the elec- 
tric spark of challenge to all that is near and dear to us, 'to call it 
forth. But gentlemen, pardon us if we say, no thank you, none of 
that in ours if you please, for the capture of the Hornets' Nest 
Brigade called forth a hotter conflict than the taking of a nest of 
those little creatures whose "stock in trade" is a ••business 
end." What boy has not experienced it! 1 am cognizant of 
the tact that history chronicles the actions of no set of 
men who were in a more isolated position, who ever fought harder 
against greater odds, and stood their grounds longer than did the 
Hornets' Nest Brigade. No wonder the rebel commander said that 
hornets' nest must be taken, the execution they were doing! But 
wait, wait! take it if you can: and for eight long hours they threw 
all the forces they could spare upon this little number, met "repulse 
after repulse; they flanked, they raked, they stormed, but still it 
stood, and it was not until the day was well nigh drawing to a close, 
that this Hornets' Nest, indicative of bravery* was forced to yield. 
You meet today, dear old defenders of right,' liberty and loyalty, to 
talk of war times and of the past, and in a jolly mood, but if Ridpath 
had the power to paint with Ins pen as vividly as could Michael 
Angelo and Leonardo l)e Vinci with their brushes, a word picture of 
the agonies, the torture, the terrible butchery of that day, what a 
representation of horror we would .have! The battle of Shi] oh or 
Pittsburg Handing, was fought April (ith and 7th, 18(52. [aider Gener- 
al Giant were about thirty-two thousand Union soldiers, and General 
Albert Sidney Johnson commanded the Confederate forces of about 
forty-live thousand men. The divisions of the Union army on the 
morning of the (5th were under Genereils Hurlbut, Urentiss. W. II U. 
Wallace. Mc( demand and Sherman, respectively. Karlv ' 
action the army was driven back. The Hornets' Nest Brigacl 
in the day held an advanced position and were surrounded b„ 
taken after the hardest fighting. ••Probably no single battle. 
Sherman, "gave rise to such wild and damaging reports a 
Shiloh." On the night of the (5th re-enforcements were re< 
the Union army, and the next day the rebels were driven ba 
Hit: field, leaving the- blue coats in full possession. But the 
ports had gone forth, and had it not been for the splendid 
ship, and the bravery shown by our men. on the day of the (ith. of 

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which the Hornets* Nest Brigade is an excellent example, the mis- 
understandings might have been greater. The war is over an.! many 
are the deeds of greatness recorded. The war is over and many a 
deed of bravery chronicled, but the history of the War o! the tlcbell- 
ion would not be complete with the actions ol the Hornets" Nesl 
Brigade left out. Its memory will stand until lips are dust, and until 
that other grand example of heroism ir, also forgotten. I refer to 
the deeds of the loyal women ol' our laud: patient, suffering, true- 
hearted women; doing, loving, acting on the tender side ol life and 
being a greater incentive to battle than fear of prison, or gain ol 
prize. Should the scene of quietude and peace be changed again to 
conlliet you would find these tender souls ever on the helping side— 

"And if Peace, whose snow white pennons, 
lirood over our land today. 

Should ever again go from us, 
(God grant she may ever stay) 

Should our Nation rail in its peril. 

For 'Six Hundred Thousand more' 

The loyal women would hear her, 
And send you out as before. 

'■We would bring out the treasured knapsack. 
We would take' the sword from the wall. 
And hushing our own heart's pleadings. 

Hear only the Country's call, 
And next to our Cod. is our Nation; 

And we cherish the honored name. 
Of the bravest of all brave armies, 

Who fought lor that Nation's fame." 
Bravery! yes, Heroism! yes, Loyalty! yes, all, all that was in- 
dicative of right, honor and protection to a nation's homes was 
true of our officers. 

"And many a private soldier, 

Who walks in his humble way, 
With no sounding name or title. 

Unknown to the world today. 
In the eyes of God is a hero, 

As worthy of the bays, 
As any mighty Genera] 

To whom the world gives praise." 

• Gentlemen, you are (twilly welcome. 

The little folks then sang "When Johnny comes marching home." 
After which Col. Meyer gave the following hearty welcome for the 
Grand Army: 

In behalf of Garrett Host. No. 16, I extend to you a few words of 
cordial welcome. 

Our Post was one of the lirst organized in the state, which is 
proof that its comrades are wide-awake, keeping fresh in memory, 
and are active to send down the line to the coming generations, the 
valor, heroism and sacrifices made during the late war to perpetuate 
the principles of a free government. So this welcome, at once intro- 
duces you into the companionship of comrades in full sympathy and 
fellowship of comrades who appreciate the services you rendered our 
nation on that bloody Shiloh battlefield, where you earned the signi- 
licant name "The Hornets' Nest Brigade." 


in addition we mention that our Post is made up of comrades en- 
gaged in all the pursuits of life, and endowed with such a stock of in- 
telligence, that it is constantly drawn upon to lill manifold civil of- 
fices, and their integrity is such that no case lias been known when 
there has not been a true account rendered of the t rust, even to the 
last penny. So we tender you the assurance that the safety of your 
wallets is all the same in or out of your pockets. The ability of the 
comrades of the Post is equal to the discharge of any call into oilice, 
and there is an expectancy of some to hear tin' call •'Pome up higher," 
but as is often the case with those most competent, there is a diffi- 
dence mingled with the expectancy, keeping them back, such as 
Gen. Grant, who never would have been called to lead our armies to 
the final victory if it had devolved upon his own movement. Rose- 
crans had to lose his greatest battle, before the call came to Gen. 
Grant to take charge of all the Qnionforces. The political distresses 
of the country are such, that, as it seems, some of the comrades of 
the Post are anxiously peering forward to political defeats, awaiting 
to be called to lead the forlorn hope to victory, and we are sure that 
in such a crisis none of our Post would hesitate to heed the higher 
calling and assume the awful responsibility, even that of the chief 
executive of the foremost nation of the world. Again it has passed 
current for years and years that the soldiers while in the ar- 
my were constantly appropriating to their own use things that did 
not belong to them. Our past is guiltless. There is not a single 
comrade that did any such thing, we emphatically repel the charge. 
We enlisted and went into the war to fight for righteousness, justice, 
liberty and freedom. It was a Holy war. It was tiod's cause. We 
fought under the stars and stripes, the banner of the Lord. To him 
belong the cattle of a thousand hills, which includes all the porkers, 
turkeys and chickens and everything else on all the hills and valleys. 
The Bible explicitly says that "The earth is the Lord's and the full- 
ness thereof." In so many words it says "All things are yours, wheth- 
er Paul or Apollos or ( 'ephas, or the woidd, or life, or deal h, or things 
present or things to come, all are yours." Into such companionship 
I have the honor to invite you, to invite you, dear, surviving comrades 
of the world renowned Hornets' Nest Brigade. 

The following responses were made to the addresses of welcome, 
each Regiment being represented: 

COL. Shaw, Fourteenth Iowa. 

Comrades of the Hornets' Nest Brigade, andoftlu Grand Ainu/, cmd 

L thank you for the welcome that you have given me as I have 
been on the floor, and 1 thank your committee on arrangement- (or 
putting on somebody that can't make a speech, so 1 shan't detain 
you long. We feel very grateful to the citizens of this town for the 
splendid reception of our Brigade, so finely expressed by your men. 
1 assure you, it is. very grateful to us old soldiers to have our services 
recognized by the people. Nearly a third of a century since this 
battle occurred, but the people of the country seem just as willing to 
recognize our services now as they did on the day on which they 
heard of our success in that battle. And it will be belying every sol- 
dier here to say that he doesn't feel grateful for that recognition. It 
gives us pleasure to understand that we rendered a service to our 
country at that time, that was worthy of memory. It was worthy of 


being thought of and felt with gratitude by the people that have 

succeeded us. A whole generation has passed since the battle of 
Shiloh, and we that remain here are ready to pass out and give place 
to a succeeding generation. We believe that our memories remain 
green In the hearts of the people yet. 

The two great battles of the war that gave the first impulse of 
success to the Union, were the battles of Donnelson and Shiloh. On 
this we have the authority of the greatest general, Sherman, and all 
of you who are old enough recollect the enthusiasm that day the 
news from the battle of Donnelson was received in the State of Iowa. 
Why, I could show you a special order sheet by den. Baker to the 
adjutant general of the state, and 1 suppose' by the authority of the 
state, that every man in the state of Iowa was to get drunk and have 
the best time he could. Well, now. that was indicative, probably, of 
the times. 'The order now would be that every man should keep so- 
ber ami not go to the saloons, but go to some good reunion of the 
soldiers- but that didn't express Gen. Baker's enthusiasm on that 

Now the men of the Hornets' Nest Brigade were at that batt'e. 
The 2nd regiment that lirst entered the fortifications of Don- 
nelson performed the greatest service that had been per- 
formed by any one regiment at that time. 1 marched up a 
little to the right of them and saw them falling by the hundreds and 
never wavering in the ranks, every man pressing forward to the ob- 
ject for which they had started. That regiment was in the Hor- 
nets' Nest. The 71 h Iowa followed them. That regiment too was in 
the Hornets' Nest Brigade. The 14th marched a little to the right, 
abreast of them, and that regiment, too, was in the Hornet's Nest 
The 12th, a little further to the left, in another brigade, but entc- ed 
about the same time. So we feel that we were entitled to some 
gratitude from the people for our services, and we feel that those 
services have been recognized, which is the most grate fid feeling 
that a person can have to know that he has done a good service. 

Now I don't mean to say anything, I don't know that f could be 
heard if I did say anything: old age is crowding on me. i am the 
only colonel left, not only in the Brigade but in the five Iowa regi- 
ments that stood at what is called the Hornets' Nest. 1 admit that 
there seems to be an impression that we did more fighting than 'lie 
other fellows, and that is a mistake. I think we did about as much 
killing with as little hurt to ourselves as anybody on that field. - "as 
much hurt to the enemy, and that was my idea of what a soldier 
should be. 

I have been in the Mexican war -trained under (Jen. McCrea, 
an old Indian lighter, and I have been for live or six years on the 
plains, and I had an idea that a soldier was a man who hit the enemy 
and didn't get hit himself. Well. I admit we didn't suffer very much, 
and although the lighting was more heavy in front of us, charge af- 
ter charge was repulsed with very Lit Liu loss to ourselves. On the 
left of us was much heavier lighting— in Huribut's brigade and Ban- 
man's brigade, two regiments at least which have a right to claim 
a position in the Hornets' Nest Brigade; beyond that was Williams' 
brigade, with the -'ird Iowa and an Illinois regiment, in the front of 
which Johnson put his best brigade. 1 might say here, that the 
heaviest lighting was done to the left of us and not in front of the 
Hornets' Nest Brigade. That we did stand there and resist every 
attack made upon us, and hold our ground from morning till." night, 


is another fact, and it was largely owing to the position which we 
occupied -an old sunken road, and the thick timbei in front of us, 
and which the rebels themselves designated as the Hornets' Nest. 
We didn't call it the Hornets' Nest. And we remained there a little 
too long, until we got surrounded and captured. Now I say that here 
—I don't want it to get out. 

To some of our friends I want to say. that, the government has 
concluded to make of the battle-field of Shiloh, a national park, and 
to allow us to put up monuments where we fought and where we 
stood that day, and some of the men want to put up a monument 
where they surrendered. Now some fellow will come along and read 
that— that we surrendered there: he won't read why we surrendered; 
if he did read it he wouldn't understand it. and my opinion is, we bet- 
ter not say anything about that surrender. 

1 don't know as this is a reply to our address of welcome; but 1 
say, we are all very grateful for the manner in which we have 
been received, and it is all very pleasant. Some of you are not as 
old as I am. I think I am about the oldest here, with the exception 
of Gen. Prentiss. Jf you want to hear about the battle of Shiloh, 
Gen. Prentiss is the man to talk to you about that. 

And by way of an apology, I had appointed Judge Chapman, of 
Nebraska, to take my place and reply to this address of welcome. 

He is not here. I appointed Doctor but he is not here, 

and now that you have been bored by my remarks, why, just lay it to 
the Doctor. 

CAPT. C. H. McNeil, Second Iowa, Sioux City. 

Mr, President, Ladies, Gentlemen and Comrades: 

It had been well had my friend Col. Ryan took the hint when I 
wrote him that possibly I could not be here at the opening exercises, 
and had appointed some one better qualified to [ill the place, but he 
did not "tumble worth a cent." lie did not let me off- here I am. 1 
will not prolong your agony long. 

The Iowa brigade, consisting of the 2nd, 7th, 8th, 12th and 1 1th 
Iowa regiments has been called the Hornets' Nest Brigade. You 
have heard of the part they performed at Shiloh and how the term 
originated. The organization was a temporary one. After Shiloh, 
where so many of our comrades of the 8th, 12th and 14th were made 
prisoners, and' during the defense of Corinth, the members of these 
regiments were formed into a regiment and called the Union Bri- 
gade. The Iowa boys were not particularly proud of this organiza- 
tion; although they did not forget, they were ready and willing when 
called upon to do their duty; and at the first day's light in the battle 
of Corinth, in October, '02 "in company with the 7th ami 2ml Iowa 
and 52nd Illinois, gave the rebels the onl\ repulse they met that day. 
After the prisoners were exchanged, these regiments forming this 
organization were transferred to other commands, and the organiza- 
tion known as the Hornets' Nest Brigade terminated as a body. 

Those were busy days to us, comrades. We were making history 
rapidly, though 1 do not know that any of us were hungering after 
the job of making hhstorv. 

It has been saidthat the old soldiers delight to meet and pat 
one another on the hack and make each other believe that we are all 
heroes. Possibly this is so. II" so, just pardon me a little. The 
term is a general one and we have heard it freely applied in the 
eloquent address of welcome by His Honor, the Mayor. All boys in 
blue were caheu heroes, and ItrusL the honor was deserved. But, 


comrades, we must not take all the credit and forget the girls in 
blue. Our mothers, sisters, wives and sweethearts all performed 
their part, and the long, weary years of the terrible struggle pa- 
tiently sufi'ered at home, hoping and praying for the end of the ter- 
rible conllict, writing long, cheerful, lo\ ing letters to the loved ones 
in the field., encouraging them and cheering them during the 
long weary hours ol camp life.. And, comrades. I submit, il the 
boys in blue are termed heroes, are not the girls in blue equally en- 
titled to the term of "sheroes"':' 

Since the termination of the war, T have been unable to attend 
any of the reunions of the regiment, but 1 promise myself the pleas- 
ure of dciing so in the future. It certainly is a pleasure to meet and 
feel the warm hancl-clasp of the comrade who has marched and 
fought with you, shoulder to shoulder, in the struggle to preserve 
the Union. More than one-third of a century has passed since the 
battle was fought which we meet this da\ to commemorate. Com- 
rades, we are all on the short side of life's journey. The new genera- 
tion are fast forgetting the services rendered our country by the 
soldiers of the war, but, comrades, we cannot forget them: we must 
not forget the trials and sacrifices of 18(51. Many lie sleeping in the 
graves of the south: thousands lie sleeping in the graves in national 
and private cemeteries. We still have those among us suffering 
from wants, exposures and privations. It is therefore meet that we 
should assemble to do honor to the dead and to the living' hero. In 
behalf of the 2nd Iowa, and the cordial greeting and kind words — 
I thank you. 

Ma, i. Samuel M'Maiion, Seventh Iowa. 

Mr. President, < liairman . Ladiex and (leiillemcn, and Comrade oj 
the Brigade: 

It seems to me about the best appreciation a man can feel or 
make to a welcome of such splendid hospitality as is presented to 
us today, is the effort that be makes to accept it. And I have come 
300 miles to accept their hospitality today, my friends. 1 think, 
however, the last twentj miles from the trunk line of the Central 
railroad of Iowa, from New Sharon to Newton, was the longest half 
of the journey, and there is about thirty comrades that came along 
with me on that eventful journey, who will back me up in what I 
say. AYe investigated the town of New Sharon pretty thoroughly 
this morning and had plenty of time to do it: then we started out 
and we got to Lynnville, and we stayed at Lynnville awhile, and 
then the train commenced backing, backing down, and the conduc- 
tor happened along and he was a hotel clerk kind of a fellow— he 
didn't waste any words on passengers, and I asked him: "Where are 
we going now, conductor, we seem to be going back." Says he, "We 
aregoing to Newton, sir, going to Newton." I couldn't quite under- 
stand il until we gol bacl< to the .Innctiou. We got back to the 
Junction and then we gol beaded is est again. Well, we jogged along 
and linally we got to Murphy and I knew that we were close to New- 
ton when we got to Murphy, because Murphy reminded me of an 
Irishman that was in my regiment, and 1 knew that the reunion was 
approaching close. Only, his name was not Murphy. We will call 
him old.loe. Now old Joe belonged to the same nationality that 
Murphy di es. Old.loe regularly got drunk, just as often as he could 
get enough but it took a good deal to supply him. And it was mid- 
dling scarce down at the front so we didn't often have much bother 
with it. bill one evening we were down in northern Mississippi and 



we were chasing Chalmer's cavalry. Now you fellows know just 
what it was to chase cavalry a-foot back. (Laughter.) When we 
got to where Chalmer's was, he wasn't there; well, we marched about 
thirty miles, L think: we started about 4 or f> o'clock in the morning 
and wore the boys out that da}', hunting Chalmers, and every man 
was dead tired out when they said we might go into camp. That was 
an invitation to spread our blankets on the grass and get out the 
little tin cups on our hips here and boil some coffee and go out and 
forage for the rest of our supper, and some of the boys started out 
and that night 1 noticed there was an unusual stir in camp. I 
thought something had been discovered, I couldn't tell just what and 
I didn't take very much pains to inquire because 1 was terribly tired 
and 1 didn't think the boys would keep it up very long, lint the next 
morning we started out bright and early again — there wa'n't any 
eight o'clock breakfast those days, it was get up about an hour be- 
fore daylight, you know, and pick your teeth and start. And we 
marched about an hour or so. and every fellow was cross, and his 
hair was pulling and his feet were sore, and 1 think most of them 
were damning everything in sight pretty much, including the main 
officer, and Old Joe edged up alongside of me and he had two can- 
teens on. Well that was very unusual, very unusual for a regiment 
in light inarching order and it wasn't the proper thing, and 1 asked 
Joe what he was doing with so much baggage-. Says he, "Captain," 
he whispered up in my ear. says he, "would you like a drink?" 1 Says 
1, '"it depends on what it is Joe.'' " Well," says he, "just put this can- 
teen on you," and 1 put on the canteen and pretty soon 1 was thirsty 
and took a drink; says I, "Joe, where did you get this'.-''' " Why, 
Captain, we went out foraging last night for our supper and the 
boys got to a house and they found a nagur there and he told them 
where there was a barrel of apple brandy buried out in the back yard 
and we got as many of the boys as we could li ml and we all tilled up 
our canteens and I don't think there was much of the barrel left 
when we got through." This was all confidential; this wasn't the 
proper kind of intercourse between an officer and a private soldier 
[loud applause] hut it was strictly confidential between Joe and I. 
"Well," says J, "Joe, bow in the world did it happen that you didn't 
get drunk'.-"' It happened Joe bad one of these quart attains, you 
know, they carried on their belts to make coffee in and it held about 
a pint and a half. "Well," says he, "Captain, I was very dry and I 
knew it wouldn't do to get drunk, and 1 just took and tilled that full 
and 1 thank it down and I wouldn't drink any more because f was 
aleered I'd get drunk." Now the question with me was, how much it 
would take to make Joe drunk: I never found out. The poor fellow is 
gone now and in a better country I hope. Now this has all come up 
from Murphy. 

Well, friends, I have had a fashion of attending these reunions, 
year after year, and I have grown to be very fond of them and I no- 
tice most ol the boys are beginning to come out. Some of them did- 
n't use to come out. but I see several of the boys, the familiar faces 
ol the old army boys now showing up at these reunions, but 1 never 
took ahy coaxing; 1 was always glad to come to them, and 1 notice 
one contrast, year after year, down here in the body of the hall; I see 
tin heads of the fellows growing a little whiter, a little whiter every 
year, and then 1 look off in the galleries' and 1 see the beautiful, 
blooming faces that have come up, grown up from babies, children, 
since the war, and I feel as I look over these galleries that we are 



assured wherever we go of ;i warm welcome every time. And it does 
me good to tell some of these old army stories to these beautiful 
girls to whom the war is only a memory and a matter of history, and 
the manly boj's that come out to look down over the gray heads of 
the men that they have already read about in history, although the 
time has hardly come for that yet. That will o.ome when we are all 
gone, hut as the years go by, my friends, the record that these walls 
display today will be impressed deeper and deeper on the minds of this 
generation — of the generations coming and growing up, and when we 
reilect on it the babies and children of the war are the stalwart men 
of today; thirty-three years, one third of a century; why, just think 
of it. I don't realize it. When I COine to these reunions I feel just 
about as young as [ did when I started out at lit years old, into the 
old Seventh Iowa. I don't feel quite as bright often, after a hard 
day's work, but it renews me, this coming here ami looking over 
these faces and opening my heart to them, and I believe we all feel 
the better and the younger for it. But the work, and the actions 
and the privations, and the sel f-denials of the men of tin- war will be 
better appreciated in the next generation, even, than the\ are now. 
Did it ever occur to you what the possible result would have been 
had the war proved a failure? Did it ever occur to you that no fur- 
ther south than the line of the Missouri river, running through our 
beautiful sister state, would have been a line of fortifications, such 
as are built on the Rhine, in Europe today? Has it ever occurred to 
you that the railroads that have been built through Iowa since the 
war would have gone into fortilicat ions no further south than the 
Missouri river, with two hostile nations looking across their lines of 
bayonets at each other? lias it ever occurred to you that out of the 
money that it has cost for our 14,000 school houses, it would have 
gone into recruiting barracks for a standing army? lias it ever 
occurred to yon that the ten millions of school fund that Iowa pours 
out with a lavish hand for the education of her beautiful yout h would 
have gone to pay the soldiery? Think of it. Think of it. Ifas the 
possible result of the failure of the war, that your bayonets helped 
to bring to a successful termination, ever occurred to you? 

Now 1 started in to express the thanks of the Seventh regiment 
for this glorious welcome which you have given us today. 1 read it 
in the faces in the gallery rather than in the graceful words of the 
speakers that have preceded me. I feel it, ladies ami gentlemen, 
and boys and girls, in my heart, and I speak for every man of the 
Seventh regiment, that they endorse every word 1 say, and 1 want to 
say to you all, God bless you for this glorious welcome. 

COL. W. 

Bell, 8th towa. 

Mr. President. Ludt 

Hud GeiitL men, <d(d ( ' 


1 feel that I am in a situation that in one sense is unfortunate, 
and in another sense is rather fortunate. 1 am fortunate to \\.\w 
been preceded by so many in the way of a response to our address of 
welcome, that has been so well done, that it leaves so little for me to 
say. On the other hand, 1 am like the boy that always liked to say 
his piece first because some person else that talks before him, is apt 
to say it and he is left without anything to say, but as I have been 
seated here, watching the proceedings of this happy reunion, it oc- 
curred to me, according to the notification of the program that I had 
for this occasion, that one matter has been overlooked. Tf I remem- 
ber, there was a quotation at the head of the program from the high- 


est authority, something like this: "And I. will send hornets before 
thee which will drive out the Eivite, the Canaanite and the Hittite 
from before thee. - ' 

It .seemed to me 1 might be mistaken on this, but it seemed that 
it was a part of the program, and as no one else lias made any appli- 
cation or explanation in retrard to it, I thought"! would undertake 
to make a few remarks on that. It seems that it certainly is applic- 
able to this brigade. That it was so intended. And that there was 
work for this brigade to do on this occasion. Ami 1 have been puz- 
zling myself to think what part the s th had better undertake on this 
occasion. 1 would feel loath to assign them to tackle the C'anaanites 
for various reasons; it seems to me that the 7th Iowa would be the 
proper regiment to assign to that task, for the reason that the num- 
ber seven is a perfect number, and if the 7th Iowa is not a perfect 
regiment, it comes within one of it. [Applause. 1 

I had about concluded that I would, suggest to our boys that they 
had better tackle the Hittites, and I want to say to the good people 
of Newton, that if these Hittites have much in this world. I promise 
them that the 8th will ha\e some of it before morning. You remem- 
ber t lie context of that that this work was not to be done all at once: 
for the good of that people it was to be 'done little by little, and I 
will venture to promise that on the part of the 8th, that the work 
they do not accomplish on this occasion, they will come back again 
at your request and linish up the job. 

I want to say to the good people of Newton that we heartily ap- 
preciate the reception they have given us. here. Col. .Meyer expressed 
my idea when he said, the soldiers should be proud that they had talc- 
en a part in accomplishing that that was worths, that that was ap- 
preciated by the people. And 1 would remind the good people of 
Newton, the ladies and gentlemen, that this is not local, this feeling 
this feeling of gratitude on the part of the citizens here that they 
delight to show forth to the soldiers of the war that it is a national 
feeling, a genuine patriotism. It is a feeling that is innate in human 
nature, provided that we appreciate it, when it is administered oil 
our side of the issue. The ladies on the opposite side of the contest 
in the late war were a power there as much and in the same propor- 
tion" as the women were a power on the Union side of the issue. 1 
want to then, return thanks here, not only in the name of the com- 
rades that are present of the 8th, but in the name of all tin' soldiery 
of the country. We would respond and bring you hearty greetings in 
response to this national patriotic sentiment, and. ladies and gentle- 
men, if I have not sufficiently expressed our appreciation of your 
kindness and id' your entertainment of us here, we will just remind 
3'ou that actions speak louder than words ami we will see you later 

CaPT. T. 15. EDGINCrON, Twelfth Iowa. 

Mr. l J ves u i(k')tl, and Comrades of flu Hornets? Nest I>riyadc\ ami ('Wi- 
zens of Newton : 

One speaker said he had come over three hundred miles to attend 
this meeting. 1 would state to you that 1 have come over a thous- 
and miles. 1 did not come this thousand miles to deliver you a speech 
but when 1 learned that I was expected to make a speech I well nigh 
turned aside and concluded I must not come. I. did not believe that 
I could entertain you, and 1 do not think that i can entertain you 
very well now, and 1 think I shall make my remarks but brief. But 


1 feel a in the people of Iowa. ,1 pride in their success as a 
people, and a pride in them that is well nigh akin to idolatry. I 
came to Iowa comparatively one of the early pioneers: 1 came when 
the larger part of your state was a wilderness, a mere playground 
tor the whistling winds. Those places now have l>een tilled up by 
settlers and your people are made up of the best elements- those 
that were not born here were made up ot the best elements from the 
eastern and middle states, and when 1 went with tin- balance of your 
people into the war, your character was not yet made, because you 
wtrre a State too young at that time to have been said to have had a 
character. But you have a character now and if you want to know 
what your character is, go among the people that I live among. 
They were the people who were on the other side in this light and if 
there are any people on the face of the globe that the confederates is the people o! Iowa and the Hornets' 
Nest Brigade. [Applause.] Why, on the lirst day of this month they 
had a great reunion at Brighton. They invited me, not because of 
anything personal to myself hut because 1 was one of that grand 
Hornets' Nest Brigade from the slate of Iowa, and 1 accepted their 
imitation, and 1 came to look over their program, I found 1 was the 
lirst speaker on the list, and 1 did not go. The reason I didn't go was 
because I didn't want to be making any speeches. I had been to 
their reunions before and they had treated me in the most hospitable 
manner, which I ascribed somewhat and to a very large degree, 
because of their admiration for Iowa people. 

As 1 said, when we went out into the war, the state of Iowa was 
too young to have much of a character as yet. There had been no 
great war in which her people had participated, and even today 
when you come to measure her by the ages of empires or states, why 
she is a young state yet. in her swaddling clothes and standing beside 
of the cradle in which her infancy has been reared. If you were 
aware of the great admiration those people have for you, you could 
then understand the feelings that I have to desire to be in some 
measure still identified with the people of Iowa, and while my home 
is not here, my heart is often here, and 1 sometimes visit you because 
1 love to mingle with the people of Iowa. 

Now as I said before, this idea of character. This grand state of 
Iowa has verified a character for bravery which is not excelled by any 
state of this Union: her people have acquired a character for hospit- 
ality that is not excelled by any state in this Union, and when you 
come to understand the underlying cause for this, you find that one 
of the great causes of it is the grandeur of her women. Now it was 
not my purpose to say bu't a few words to you, but I know that this 
welcome that you give us, is not to" us alone, those of us 
that- are mere survivors of the late war or survivors of 
the Hornets' Nest Brigade, but you wish to honor those ot us 
that are not here, those who have fallen since the war from disease, 
and those who died in camp or in prison, and especially do you come 
here to honor those brave boys who went up to their rest by way of 
cannon's mouth, the minnie hall and the sword, that the nation 
might be free, that man might be iwv y ami thai the nation might be 
preserved. Now as I say, it is not thus alone, and we feel, that in a 
certain sen-..:, that the fittest did not survive w.hen you come to this 
matter of war— the fittest have fallen and the uulittest, as a general 
rule, have survived. 


I noted what Col. Shaw said about our not being in the hottest of 
the iiti'ht and at one period of the battle I would stale, that so far as 
the Twelfth Iowa was concerned, that during the e.,rlv part of the 
day, in the morning, a part of our regiment was not in the hottest 
of the fight, hut after we'were surrounded and after we had about- 
faced to tight another enemy in our rear, then the Twelfth Iowa was 
in the hottest of the light and it was there that ( !o. A. the company 
to which I belonged, had six killed and twelve wounded out of an 
entire number of thirty-three who were actually that day on the 
held, and those six were' killed in what is called Hell's Hollow, if 1 
understand terms right. I haven't talked these matters over, but if 1 
understand our position right, Hell's Hollow is the place where we 
about-faqed and made a light the second time. 

Now I wish to say one word more. This battle of Shiloh in which 
about ten thousand men bit the dust, about ten thousand killed and 
wounded on each side, was the bloodiest battle that had ever been 
fought on this continent, and in any other up to the date that it had 
been fought. It is said of one or two battles that are equal, so since 
—I have not compared notes to see whether that be true or not but 
[ have this to say, that the confederates had planned that battle 
with consummate skill, it was their purpose to destroy onr army under 
Grant before Hindi could reach there with his forces, and alter ( I rant's 
army was Testroyed they had their own theory an I leisure time to 
destroy the other army, anil it was the conjunction of these armies 
that they expected to prevent by accomplishing our ruin before that. 
Now then, it was this Hornets' Nest Brigade, the persistent light 
that it made during that day, that enabled Huell to cross and saved 
our army from destruction on that very day, and my opinion is, that 
the Hornets' Nest Brigade will go down in history beside' the defend- 
ers who defended the pass of Thermopalae. And when you come to 
speak of the fact of onr having surrendered— it is true we did surren- 
der after we were surrounded and thrown into confusion, but it was 
through no fault of the Hornets' Nest Brigade, and through no want 
of bravery on the part of the soldiers, and through no want of skill 
on the part of any of our commanders. 

r have talked to you longer than I had intended to talk. 1 want 
to say though one word more. These soldiers are passing away. 
They are the survivors of the Hornets' Nest Brigade, and they are 
the particular jewels of the State of Iowa. You remember that Cor- 
nelia, the mother of the Gracchi, drew to her bosom her seven sur- 
viving sons after one of them had fallen in defense of the rights of 
man, saying as she did so, "These are my jewels." r|1 hese old one-leg- 
ged men, these old gray headed men, are the jewels of the state of 
Iowa, and they are your pride and I am so glad that you thus delight 
to honor them. Again I thank you for your hospitality thai you 
have extended to the Twelfth Iowa, and to the Hornets' Nest 

The audience then arose and sang the stirring song "While We 
Were Marching Through Georgia," amidst waving of hands and 
shouts. The most elaborate address of the day was then given by 
Robert Ryan, of Lincoln, Neb:— "Was Shiloh a Surprised" It was a 
written production and showed great care and much thought in its 


Was sin 1,011 a Surprise? 

It is but natural that as participants, we should discuss the bat- 
tle of Shilohin the light of what we saw and did, but this very cir- 
cumstance subjects us to a suspicion of being somewhat biased, and 
it may be, unfair in our statements. General Grant and General 
Sherman each denied the want of preparation for that battle charg- 
ed by the officers in command of the army of the Cumberland, as well 
as by those in command of the Confederate forces and the issue thus 
joined was discussed with a vigor ami directness, which a proper res- 
pect for the memory of our deceased commanders renders impossible 
to us. This, however does not deny the right of a fair analysis of the 
testimony of those distinguished officers in support of the negative 
of the proposition under consideration. 

General Grant's hrst written description of the battle of Shilob was 
made public in Feb., 1885— almost twenty-three years after the trans- 
actions which its author undertook to describe. In explanation of 
this great delay he said that "Events had occurred before the battle, 
and others subsequent to it: which determined me to make no report 
to my then chief. General Halleck, further than was contained in a 
letter written immediately after the battle informing that an en- 
gagement had been fought, and announcing the result." The occur- 
rences to which General Grant referred are matters known to every 
person at ail conversant with his career; 'the misunderstanding of his 
movements and of his plans during and after the investment of Fort 
Donelson. The undeserved censure with which he was visited, and 
his practical removal from command after the achievement of the 
first great success with which the Union arms. had been crowned 

After the battle of Shiloh, General Halleck in person took com- 
mand, while General Grant, still nominally in command of his old 
district and army, was entirely ignored and not even permitted to 
see one of the reports of General Buell or his subordinates as to that 
battle until they were published by the War Department, long after 
the event. These reasons of the commanding general of the Union 
forces for not making an official report, without doubt justified a 
feeling of resentment on his part, but against whom should it have 
been directed? The practical result of the course pursued by (ien. 
Grant was to subject to misrepresentation and censure akin to that 
of which he complained, thousands of his faithful subordinate officers 
and soldiers, who had the right, confidently to look to him for vindi- 
cation against the unjust aspersions under which they have suffered. 
He himself said in the article referred to that correct reports had 
been published, but these hail appeared at a period long subsequent 
to the rebellion and after the public opinion had been erroneously 
formed. At such meetings as these, it is possible to correct to some 
extent the erroneous conceptions of events entertained by the public 
and no one is so directly intei ested as ourselves that thi^ should be 
accomplished. That the mere historian is apt to be anything but 
discriminating is well illustrated by the statement in a school his- 
tory of Barnes' Historical Series entitled "A Uriel History of the 
United States" on page L40, This model of reckless carelessness 
occurs in an account of the Siege of Yorktown and is in this lan- 
guage: "Batteries were opened upon the city, and the vessels in the 
harbor fired by reel hot shells." With such statements of the doings of 
Revolutionary fathers in mind, it is not at all surprising that the youths 
of this generation dare to tackle the cannon (ire cracker. It is to 
be hoped that in these meetings no material will be turned out suit- 


able for the manufacture of such a bit of nonsense as that above 

The history of the selection of Pittsburg Landing as the base of 
operations has been but meagerly described by parties qualified to 
speak on that subject. After the surrender of Forts Henry and 
Donelson, it was the purpose of General Halleck to mass the forces 
of Generals Grant and Buell against the Confederate army at Cor- 
inth. General Sherman, with four brigades, was required to land at 
some point on the Tennessee river below Eastport, and make a break 
of the Memphis & Charleston Rail Road between Tuscumbia and Cor- 
inth. After unsuccessfully attempting to comply with his orders at 
points beyond Pittsburg Landing, General Sherman, on March 14th, 
18G2. dropped down the river with his four brigades to that landing, 
where he found General Hurlbut and his division. General Smith, 
who was acting in place of General Grant, directed General Sherman 
and Genera] Hurlbut to disembark their divisions at Pittsburg Land- 
ing and take positions well back, leaving room for the whole army 
General Smith did not live to report what were his designs, but to 
General Sherman he stated that he intended soon to come up in per- 
son and with his whole army make a lodgment on the railroad as 
contemplated by the orders of General Halleck. On March 18th, Gen. 
Hurlbut disembarked his forces and on the 19th General Sherman 
did likewise. Within a few da3 r s, the division of Genera* Prentiss 
arrived, and, shortly afterward, it was followed, first, by the division 
of General McClernand, then by that of Gen. W. H. L. Wallace. All 
this time Gen. Smith was at Savannah suffering from the injury 
\\ hich within a short time caused his death. On the 13th day of 
March, Gen. Grant was restored to his command, according to his 
own statement, and yet the events above described, at least till 
after the landing of the divisions of Gen. Hurlbut and Gen. Sherman, 
were according to the statements of the general last named under 
the direction of Gen. Smith. Of the whereabouts of Gen. Grant 
from March l.'lth until after March 19th. we have no information 
either from his narrative or that of Gen. Sherman and we are equal- 
ly uninformed as to the exact time when Gen. Grant actually took 
charge of affairs at Pittsburg Landing. It is however clear from 
what has already been said, that for the selection of Pittsburg 
Landing as the base of operations against Corinth, Gen. Smith was 
directly responsible, and it is equally clear, that at this landing two 
divisions had been disembarked on March 19th — a 'period of eighteen 
days before the battle of Shiloh. At whatever date Gen. Grant may 
have assumed actual command of the forces at Pittsburg Land- 
ing, it admits of no question that he adopted the choice of base 
made b}' his predecessor in accordance with which troops had been 

The Mobile & Ohio Rail Road crossed the Memphis Ac Charleston 
Rail Road at Corinth twenty-two miles south-westward from Pitts- 
burg Landing. Between these points there were roads, which by 

«u'H uduumg. iieiween uiesc poinis mere were roaus, wmen ny 
the spring rains, had been rendered heavy but not impassable. At 
Pittsburg Landing the Tennessee river ran due north, passing 
along the west side of Savannah about eight miles further on in its 
course. If all intervening impediments to his view could have been 
removed, a person standing on the summit of the hill which over- 
looked the landing and facing westward, would have had behind him 
the swollen waters of the Tennessee river, and in front he would 
have had spread out before him an undulating expanse of country 
covered with timber, except as there was dotted here and there a 


small farm, or there were the unfenced lines of highways of which the 
locations were governed by the conformation of the grounds to he 
crossed. To his left, at a distance of about two miles, this person, 
if nothing intervened, and his eyes were keen enough, might have 
made out the place where the river received the waters (if Lick creek 
from whence he could have traced upward the meandering course of 
that stream toward its source in a south-westerly direction for a 
distance of about five miles where it was intersected by a branch 
running from the south-west. To his right, at a distance of about 
three-fourths of a mile could have been discerned the mouth of 
of -Snake creek from which with his eyes he could have followed that 
creek from the river first, northward, thence, after describing a 
curve his ascent would have been south-westward for about three 
miles till he reached the mouth of Owl creek. From this point of 
intersection this confluent stream would have been traceable toward 
its sources in a direction somewhat west of due southward, for a dis- 
tance of about five miles. These streams for the distances they 
have been traced, were on April fi, 18(i2, swollen witli rains and for 
the most part skirted with their own overflow waters. Within the 
view supposed there was partially enclosed by the Tennessee river 
on the east, by Lick creek and its tributary on the south, by Snake 
and Owl creeks on the north and west, an irregular shaped tract, 
about five miles across between Lick and Owl creeks where they 
were farthest apart. Where these creeks made the nearest approach 
to each other was farther out than the above line of measurement 
and was beyond the Shiloh church, which was about two and one half 
miles from the landing. At a distance of from three to four miles 
from the landing, the interval was of but about two miles between 
the tributary of Lick creek above indicated and Owl creek, and this 
interval was all that was lacking to completely enclose the tract. 
which as has already been stated, was partially surrounded by the 
Tennessee river and its tributaries. It is scarcely necessary to 
state that from a point near the landing there was a divide which 
ran in the direction of Corinth between Lick creek and its tributary 
on the one side and Snake and Owl creeks on the other. 

On the morning of April litli 18(52 there was left open to the at- 
tack of the Confederate forces only the interval above referred to, 
the flanks of the Union army being protected by the creeks already 
described. The outermost line of the Federal army reached from 
the bridge on Owl creek to the Lick creek ford. Its right was com- 
posed of three brigades, and the left of the fourth brigade of Gen. 
Sherman's division, the intervening space was held by the di- 
vision commanded by General Prentiss. About half a mile 
behind this line was Gen. McClernand's division, and. still nearer flu- 
river, were the divisions of General llurlbut and Gen. Smith the 
latter under command of lien. W. II. L. Wallace. The distinctive 
features of the battle which followed have been described by Gen. 
Buell in language at once terse, direct, and forcible. In the 'maga- 
zine article entitled ''Shiloh Lie vie wed" he said: "An army compris- 
ing 70 regiments of infantry, 20 batteries of artillery, and a' suffi- 
ciency of cavalry, lay for two weeks, and more, in isolated camps, 
with a river in its rear, and a hostile army claimed to be superior in 
numbers 20 miles distant in its front, while the commander made his 
headquarters and passed his nights nine miles away on the opposite 
side of the river. It had no line of battle, no defensive works of any 
sort, no outposts properly speaking, to give warning or. check the 
advance of an enemy, and no recognized head iuriag the absence of 


its regular commander. On a Saturday the hostile force arrived and 
formed in line of battle without detection or hindrance within a mile 
and a half of the unguarded arm}', advanced upon it the next morn- 
ing, penetrated its disconnected lines, assaulted its camps in front 
and (lank, drove its disjointed members successively from position to 
position, capturing some and routing others in spite of much heroic 
individual resistance, and steadily drew near the landing and depot 
of its supplies in the pocket between the river and the impassable 
creek." In this energetic language of General Buell ihe facts are 
summarized whereon is founded the charge that Shiloh was a sur- 
prise by which were very nearly accomplished the designs of the 
enemy. The reports of the general officers on the Confederate side, 
written just afterwards, tell the same story of want of preparation 
as does the above quoted language of General Buell. In the account 
given of this battle by the President of the Confederate States 
the unanimous testimony of all the officers whose reports were made 
to his government was summarized in a clear and concise corrobora- 
tion of General Buell's account of the events which preceded and 
attended the Easter Sunday morning attack upon the forces of Gen- 
eral Grant. With the aid of the material at his- command, the son 
of General Johnson, the Confederate commander, compiled an ac- 
count of the same events as did President Davis with the same result 
as to the proposition that the surprise of the Federal force was 
almost complete. That this conclusion was reached in all fairness 
and candor is evident from the apology which William Preston John- 
son offers on behalf of General (Irani and which, because in 
some measure it seems to meet the criticism of General Buell, is 
reproduced as it was written. Beginning at the bottom of page 551 
of the first Volume of the "Battles and Leaders of the Civil War,'' 
this apology reads as follows: "Grant has been severely criticised for 
his placing his army with the river at its back. But he was to take 
the initiative. lie had the larger army, under cover, too, of his gun- 
boats; he was expecting Buell daily; and the ground was admirable 
for defense. Indeed, his position was a natural stronghold. Flanked 
by Owl and Lick creeks, with their marshy margins, and with his 
front protected by a swampy valley he occupied a quadrilateral of 
great strength. His troops were stationed on woody heights, gener- 
ally screened by heavy undergrowth and approached across boggy 
ravines or open fields. Each camp was a fortress in itself, and the 
line of retreat afforded at each step some like point to rally on. He 
did not fortify his camps it is truer but he was not there for attack, 
but for defense." Reduced to the simplest form, this apology is based 
upon three assumptions; first, that as General Grant intended to at- 
tack, the enemy might confidently be expected to await his pleasure 
in that regard; second, that if attacked, it could only be in the front; 
and third, if worsted there lay behind his troops advantageous posi- 
tions upon which they could fall back and make successive stands in 
their retreat toward the river. The first of these assumptions has 
been the cause of the greatest military disasters recorded in history. 
When the fortunes of the Continental army were at their lowest ebb, 
the British had good cause to expect that attack would not come 
from that quarter, ami yet, in this expectation they were cruelly dis- 
appointed by the sudden appearance from across the Delaware very 
early on a bitterly cold and stormy December morning of the mere 
skeleton of an army, which, upon every consideration of comfort and 
probabilities should have remained in quarters and near their warm, 
safe and comfortable fires. This attack was successful because it 



was improbable. Later than Shiloh, General Grant unexpectedly 
crossed the Mississippi river below Vicksbnrg, cut louse from his base 
and conducted a three weeks campaign so buhl in its conception, so 
brilliant in its execution, and so momentous in its consequences, 
that thenceforward no one could doubt what a great general the war 
had disclosed on the Federal side. These successes were attained — 
the one by General Washington; the other by General Grant — simply 
because each of those generals unexpectedly assumed the initiative. 

The reliance upon the successive favorable positions for making 
stands, the last justiiication offered, within itself implied that there 
was properly to be considered the possibility that General Johnson's 
forces might advance suddenly from Corinth, ami, assuming the 
initiative, drive the Union torees back to their several favorable 
positions for defense. This is a clear admission of an essential prop- 
osition under consideration, and that is, whether General Grant 
should have taken into account the possibility of a Confederate 
attack. General Sherman, while he has insisted that it was justifia- 
ble to rely upon the assumption that the Federal forces were to take 
the initiative, has made no mention of the favorable nature of 
grounds for defense at different points behind him as affording an 
excuse for neglecting to fortify his front. The disadvantages, in 
case of an attack which might have resulted from having in the 
rear the Tennessee river and on each Hank an impassable stream, 
were stated by General Grant on page 12,'! of the second volume of 
his Memoirs. Speaking of an interview with President Lincoln, 
General Grant's language was as follows: "1 should have said that in 
our interview, the President told me he did not want to know what I 
proposed to do. Hut he submitted a plan of campaign of his own, 
which he wanted me to' hear, and then to do as 1 pleased about it. lie 
brought out a map of Virginia, on which he had evidently marked 
every position occupied by the Federal and Confederate armies up to 
that time. He pointed out on the map two streams which empty 
into the Potomac, and suggested that the army might be moved in 
boats and landed between the mouths of these streams. We would 
then have the Potomac to bring our supplies, and the tributaries 
would protect our Hanks while we moved out. I listened respectfully, 
but did not suggest that the same streams would protect Lee's Hanks 
while he was shutting us up." Of a somewhat similar tendency is 
General Grant's description of the report made to him by General 
Barnard as to General Butler's forces being corked as in a bottle 
between the James and Appomattox rivers which is to be found on 
pages 15 j and 152 of volume second of the above mentioned Memoirs. 
From these two incidents, it would seem probabie that the position 
occupied by the Hnion forces and near Pittsburg Landing, was not in 
accordance with General Grant's theory as to what would have been 
a proper base from which, to conduct offensive operations. However 
this may have been. General Grant would not abandon a position 
once taken by him, or a line of procedure once adopted, for, as he 
said of himself as a boy, "One oi my superstitions had always been 
when I started to go anywhere, or to do anything not to turn back, 
or stop, until the thing intended was accomplished." That this pe- 
culiarity remained with him long after he had attained his manhood, 
no student of his life and character can for a single moment doubt. 
But, finding his army encamped where it was when he resumed com- 
mand, why at some time was not the possibility of a surprise placed 
beyond peradventure? The front upon which an attack could be 
made was only about a mile and a half or two miles across. On the 


nii'ht of Friday, April 4. there \j;is such a Confederate demonstration 
against the outlying Federal forces, that Gen. Beauregard advised 
the abandonment of the contemplated attack because he believed a 
surprise had thereby been rendered impossible. Notwithstanding 
this fact, there were established no outposts and, although there were 
but two roads by which the Confederates could advance near the 
Federal front, no means for finding whether an advance was in pro- 
gress over either of these roads was adopted. 

The Union army calmly and confidently ignored the possibility of 
an advance from Corinth, until early on Sunday morning, when 
something unusual opposite its front caused General Prentiss, of his 
own motion, to send out a detachment to ascertain the cause and the 
nature of the disturbance. This detachment opened the battle of 
Shiloh. For the most part the immediate front of the Federal army 
was covered with forest trees, yet although the divisions of General 
Sherman and General Hurl but respectively had been encamped in the 
vicinity since March 19th, not a tree had been felled, neither had a 
shovelful of dirt been disturbed for purposes of defense. 

General Sherman, who has been General Grant's principal witness 
in defense of this non-preparation, justified it in the following lan- 
guage found on page 229 of the tirst volume of his own Memoirs: 
"We did not fortify our camps against an attack, because we had no 
orders to do so and because such a course would have made our raw 
men timid. The position was naturally strong, with Snake creek on 
our right, a deep bold stream with a confluent, (Owl creek) to our 
right front: and lack creek, with a similar confluent on our left, thus 
narrowing the space over which we could be attacked to about a mile 
and a half or two miles. At a later period of the war we could have 
rendered this position impregnable in one night, but at this time we 
did not do it and it may be it is well we did not." In this defense 
there are at least two obscure statements. Of these the first is that 
"we had no onlers to do so." Who should havr given these orders and 
to whom should they have been issued? By the expression "we had 
no orders to do so," "it is probable that General Sherman meant that 
the division commanders had received no such instructions from Gen- 
eral Crant. This perhaps localizes the responsibility, but it does not 
excuse the oversight. The ever recurring question still remains, 
should chevaux de frise have been improvised by the use of forest 
trees felled for that purpose-, and should not some sort of earth em- 
bankments have been constructed? The closing sentence of the quo- 
tation just made from General Sherman's Memoirs makes it very 
clear that one single night's preparation would have rendered the po- 
sition impregnable, but he darkens counsel with this final clause "and 
it may be it is well we did not." Why could it be well we did not do 
so? The only suggestion of a reason for this conclusion which he 
gave, was that though the course suggested would have made Hie po- 
sition impregnable vet it would have made our raw men timid. As 
this proposition that shelter would have made our raw men timid is 
the only one to which attention has not already been devoted let us 
see what value General Sherman practically attached to securing 
cover, for raw troops for the purpose of enabling them to hold their 
position. In his report to General Grant's assistant adjutant general 
of date April 10th, 18(i2, (page 2;S7 volume I of his Memoirs) General 
Sherman after having described the abandonment of his original 
camp made use of the following language: •'This was about half- 
past ten A. M. at which time the enemy had made a furious attack 
on General McClernand's whole front, lie struggled most determin- 


edly. but, finding him pressed, I moved McDowell's brigade directly 
against the left Hank of the enemy, forced him back some distance, 
and then directed the men to avail themselves of every cover trees, 
fallen timber, and a woody valley to our r i <^ lit. We held this position 
for four long hours, sometimes gaining and at others losing ground; 
General McClernand and myself acting in perfect concert and strug- 
gling to maintain this line." Not only was this position held by raw 
men under cover for four hours, from half-past ten A. M., that is till 
half-past two P. M., according to this direct statement of General 
Sherman, but this was followed by language, the fair import of which 
is, that it was held until 4 o'clock, and would have been held still 
longer, but for the fact that General Hurl but had fallen back and it 
was necessary that General Sherman's division should take such a po- 
sition as would enable it to cover a bridge, by which it was expected 
that the division of General Lew Wallace would arrive upon the bat- 
tlefield. If the cover afforded by trees, fallen timber, and a wooded 
valley to its right inspired General Sherman's division with the tena- 
cious courage which he ascribed to them, what would have been the 
effect upon the whole army if the felled trees with sharpened branch- 
es pointing toward the enemy, backed by intrenchments, had ren- 
dered impregnable the defensive line of the Union army? It is in- 
conceivable that troops could be so raw that an impregnable position 
furnished for their protection would render them timid. 

General Grant's account of the battle of Shiloh giving his rea- 
sons for failing to provide against an offensive movement on the part 
of the enemy, was written nearly twenty-three years after the events 
which he undertook to describe and to explain. Meantime he had 
brought the civil war to a successful close, had commanded the Fed- 
eral armies through anxious reconstruction times and had tilled the 
office of President of the United States for two terms. During all 
these years which ended with his second term, his mind had' been oc- 
cupied with planning and achieving one success alter another. Af- 
ter his retirement from the chief magistracy of the nation, he was 
engaged in extensive business enterprises which, through the treach- 
ery of his partner, brought financial wreck to his cherished projects. 
There was during these almost twenty-three years, but little opportu- 
nity for reflection upon the situation and events attendant upon the 
battle of Shiloh. General Grant, on page 1(55 of the first volume of his 
Memoirs, makes the very opposite observation, that his experience 
since the Mexican war had taught him that things are seen plainer af- 
ter the events have occurred. It is well to bear this in mind, for, doubt- 
less unconsciously to himself, his account written so long after the bat- 
tle, has suffered in its accuracy from lapse of time. General Sherman, 
for almost his entire account of the battle of Shiloh in his Memoirs, 
quoted his official report made shortly afterwards, as therefore, be- 
ing the most reliable. 

The excuse offered by General Grant on pages .'5f>7 and 358 of the 
first volume of his Memoirs, is at. follows: "The criticism lias often 
been made that the Union troops should have been intrenched at Shi- 
loh. Up to that^time the pick and spade had been but little resorted 
to at the West. 1 had, however, taken this subject under considera- 
tion soon after re-assuming command in the field, and, as already 
stated, inj- only military engineer reported unfavorably. Besides 
this, the troops with me, officers and men, needed discipline and drill 
more than they did experience with the pick, the shovel and the axe. 
Reinforcements were arriving almost daily, composed of troops that 
had been hastily thrown together into companies and regiments — 


fragments of incomplete organizations, the men and officers strang- 
ers to each other. Under all these circumst? nces, I concluded that 
drill and discipline were worth ntore to our men than fortifications." 
ft is with profound regret that one part of this quotation is read, 
and that is the expression that the troops needed discipline and drill 
more than they did experience with the pick, the shovel and the axe. 
Discipline and drill were for the purposes of education and prepara- 
tion of men and officers for the performance of their duties; no one 
has ever urged that this was requisite with respect to the use of the 
pick, the shovel, and the axe. Relieving this quotation of this irrev- 
alent antithesis, the reasons for not fortifying in advance will be, 
first, the pick and shovel had been but little resorted to in the west; 
second, a military engineer had reported unfavorably, and, third, the 
time could be spent- more profitably in drilling than in making in- 
trenchments. The argument that because the pick, spade, and axe 
had been but little resorted to, in advance of the battle of Shiloh, lias 
little weight, for the proper course to be taken was for the determina- 
tion of West Point graduates, educated long before the civil war at 
National expense, that they might be equipped for just such emergen- 
cies. Neither General Sherman nor General Grant failed to expatiate 
upon the rawness of the Federal officers and troops- at that time under 
their command— it could therefore hardly have been expected that 
from this source should come the wisdom which should dictate what 
preparation should be made. With the lessons of experience came 
this wisdom, and with the approval of General (.'rant himself, the 
soldiers in the Wilderness illustrated the course of preparation which 
should have been made against Shiloh. 

in the fifty-first chapter of his Memoirs General Grant said: "Jt 
may be as well here as elsewhere to state two things connected with 
all "the movements of the Army of the Potomac; first, in every change 
of position or halt for the night, whether confronting the enemy or 
not, the moment arms were stacked the men intrenched themselves. 
For this purpose they would build up (tiles of logs or rails, if they could 
be found in their front, and dig a ditch, throwing the dirt forward on 
the timber. Thus the digging they did counted in making a depres- 
sion to stand in, and increased the elevation in front of them. It was 
wonderful how quickly they could, in this way, construct defenses of 
considerable strength. When a halt was made with a view of assault- 
ing the enemy, or in his presence, these would be strengthened, or 
their positions changed, under the direction of engineer officers." 
This quotation describes the precautions of a veteran arm)' adopted 
by common consent in successsive operations in which, always, that 
army took the initiative. General Sherman's testimony, too, was 
that in one nij^ht the position at Shiloh could have been made im- 
pregnable. When knowledge of the ill advised attack- on the night of 
April 4th, upon the Union outposts, came to General Beaurogafd, he 
advised that the proposed attack, then under way, should be aband- 
oned, for, he argued, the Federal forces would be found intrenched to 
their eyes. The fact that a civil engineer could only find a suitable 
line for intrenehments farther back than the advancedencampments, 
and, that this line would have been subject to the disadvantage of the 
enemy preventing the use of the waters of the creeks on the Hanks, 
cuts no great figure, for the intrenehments which this officer evidently 
had in mind were such as would withstand a prolonged attack, in 
which event it would be important to have access to an abundance of 
water. The proximit}- of General Lew Wallace with his division. 


the rapid approach of General Buell with a reinforcing army, and the 
facilities for obtaining other troops, as well as the impossibility of 
bringing forward necessary supplies from Corinth by the Confeder- 
ates, precluded the possibility of any lons> continued attack. What 
was therefore needed, was not an elaborate line of intrenehments 
sufficient to withstand such an attack but such Lntrenchrnents as 
could have been quickly constructed, and which would have effectu- 
ally guarded against the possibility of a surprise. As this would have 
taken but one night, but Little time for drill and discipline would have 
been lost, while safety would have been insured and the battle of 
Shiloh avoided. The battle of Shiloh has been but little understood, 
or rather, to speak more accurately, has been persistently misunder- 
stood from the standpoint of General Grant, simply because the 
weight of the evidence is decidedly opposed to his contention and 
because the excuse urged by himself and General Sherman, falls short 
of meeting this evidence, and of producing conviction in the mind of 
the thinking public. The impression has gained general acceptance 
that Shiloh was a surprise, and that, from its commencement until 
the close of the light on the first day, the efforts of the Federal 
divisions, brigades, and regiments were to recover from the well sus- 
tained advantage which had accrued to the Confederate forces from 
their gallant and unexpected initial attack". In no later part of the 
war was it necessary for either General Grant or General Sherman 
to offer an excuse for a duty omitted, or an opportunity unimproved. 
If General Grant had frankly confessed that his want of proper 
preparation at Shiloh was attributable to over-confidence, just as he 
acknowledged his mistake in ordering the last charge at Vicksburg, 
and the final attack at Told Harbor, his great military reputation 
could have suffered little diminution anil the perverse refusal to 
understand the battle of Shiloh would no longer have existed. 
Between the lines, however, there crops out something of a confession 
in the following quotation from page .'1(>S of the first volume of the 
Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant: "Up to the battle of Shiloh I, as 
well as thousands of other citizens, believed that tin- rebellion 
against the Government would collapse suddenly and soon if a decis- 
ive victory could be gained over any of its armies. Donelson and 
Henry were such victories. An army of more than 2J ,000 men was 
captured or destroyed. Bowling Green, Columbus and Hickman. Ken- 
tucky, fell in consequence, and Clarksville and Nashville, Tennessee, 
the last two with an immense amount of stores, also fell into our 
hands. The Tennessee and Cumberland rivers from their mouths to 
the head of navigation were secured. But when the Confederate 
armies were collected, which not only attempted to hold a line 
further south, from Memphis to Chattanooga, Knowille, and on to 
the Atlantic, ' but assumed the offensive, and made such a gallant 
effort to regain what had been lost, then, indeed. 1 gave up all idea of 
saving tin* Union, except by complete conquest/' If tin- author of 
this language had frankly confessed that his reliance upon what he 
conceived must necessarily follow the fill of forts Henry and Donel- 
son, had prevented such precautions as, in the face of the enemy he 
should have adopted, and that, from this oversight there had been 
rendered possible such a surprise that only by the determined resist- 
ance of all the divisions of his army, had complete disastei been 
averted until nightfall, there would have been expressly conceded 
only what is the natural, if not the necessary inference to be de- 
rived from the language just quoted. His admission that the battle 


of Shilob completely destroyed his belief that the defeats which had 
been sustained at Henry and Donelson, would work the dissolution of 
the Confederacy, was an admission not only of too great confidence 
on his part, but that, of this confidence, Shiloh was a complete 
rebuke. The verdict of history upon consideration of the abundant 
evidence available must be that Shiloh is. correctly understood, and 
that there is st ; ll less accuracy in the charge that this battle has 
been most persistently misunderstood. There exists no reason why 
the great thinking public should wish to deceive itself in regard to 
this particular battle. It is fast becoming, as each of its survivors 
soon must be. a thing of the past. The dispassionate historian will 
gather his facts from insensate records which, while they may bear 
witness to the present existence of prejudice and self justification, 
can communicate none of that virus to his narrative of events. 
Then, and not till then, will it be fully recognized that at Shiloh 
while the mistake of one general imperilled the safety of the entire 
Federal army, the rectification was by thousands of officers and men, 
perhaps raw in drill and discipline, yet united in purpose and stead- 
fast of faith in a noble cause the preservation of the Federal Union. 

General Prentiss closed the session with a few chosen remarks 
stirring the audience and making a happy closing to the afternoon's 


Camp Fire. 

The comrades assembled at brigade headquarters at 7:30 P. M. 
and escorted by the drum corps, marched to the opera house, which 
was rapidly filled to the utmost capacity; the citizens seeming to cu- 
ter fully into the spirit of the occasion. 

Robert Burns presided at the camp fire. After an earnest invo- 
cation by the Rev. E. C. Brooks, followed by a song, the first shot was 
fired b}' Colonel Moore, of Bloemfield. The speech was full of fun, 
interspersed with the serious side of a soldier's life and was enjoyed 
by the audience. 

"Ten Minutes with the Old Boys." 
Mr. President, Ladies and Cfeiitlenwn and Comrades: 

1 ought not to begin my remark's with an apology but I believe it 
is due this audience that (should. There was a time when I could 
say what 1 had to say to an audience, and say it the same day. 
But I felt the nudge of the good wife's elbow in my ribs this morn- 
ing at .'1 o'clock and she said: It is time for you to get up if you 
are going to go to Newton today, you had better start. And now 
when you take a man of my age, almost seventy-four years old, 
who is kicked out of bed in the early morning, at the early hour 
of three o'clock, and then getting here on a freight train after 
three hours delay, feeling as 1 do, as if I had been boiled witli 
cabbage, you must forgive me if 1 do not entertain you. 

1 promised to try to talk ten minutes with the old. boys, and 
when I say "the oid boys'' you know what 1 mean. I mean the 
fellows who have grown gray with the weight of years, the men 
who, in the early prime of early manhood went out, bidding farewell 
to everything at home, and went away to the south-land to do and 
dare and die for what they believed was the right. And many of 
them are here tonight, many of them who have grown old ami "it 
will be but a little while -and 1 say it, I don't know that 1 regret it 
-because there is a time when the poor wearied soul seeks rest, 
when the poor wearied body wants rest it will be but a little time un- 
til delicate hands, with the touch of an infant's kiss will close down 
the eyes of these old men, and it is for good-bye. But it will come to 
him as a rest, looking back over the years of his manhood and the 
great struggle in which he has participated, that this might be a 
home, a resting place for the children that were yet unborn. He will 
say, 1 have tried faithfully my duty: 1 have stood and looked into the 
face of the foe, met death a thousand times and yet never shrank 
from it; and then he will say, why should I shrink from it now. They 
will go away with the conscious rellection that the world has been 
some better by their having lived in it. 

Now sometimes the question is asked me, why is it these old men 
cling together so closely? Can anybody tell your 1 Well, there are 
some things that nobody can tell anything about. I sometimes think 
1 can tell and sometimes 1 am sure I don't know why it is they cling 
so closely together. The question was asked an Irishman one time, 
or he rather asked the question himself: "'What is it that makes this 
light'.-"' And he says, "I can't tell. 1 know it is what you call electricity, 
1 know I bat, and I know that it makes thunder and lightning and all 
that, but may the divil fhly away with me if 1 can find out what 


makes this hair-pin burn in the bottle." You see these old men coin- 
ing together. You see them meeting together as we are meeting this 
fall, everywhere, all over beautiful Iowa, grand old Iowa, the beauti- 
ful, 'and everywhere amid the smiles of women, the sweetness of song, 
and the fragrance of (lowers these old men get together and have a 
grand and glorious time, and tell their old stories, and light their old 
battles over a^ain, and when the time for departure comes, with 
heart beating to heart, and hands slow to unclasp he says, good-bye, 
John, don't stay long— and so it is. We are meeting year by year, and 
this old Hornets' Nest Brigade— there is something that makes our 
hearts cling together. While my comrade was reading tonight his 
article upon the battle of Shiloh, how the mind wanders back. The 
old men go awav back and live over the time now in shadowy past. 
How I remembeV it and how I remember of getting down into that 
old sunken road, and I wa'n't the only one that did it. It seemed a 
little bit as though we were entirely too large, so to speak, as though 
we could not get flat enough upon that road. I remember of having 
a great big man beside of me and seeing who could get the nearest 
into the ground I remarked to the fellow, you are a great big, strong, 
muscular man and I am a little bit of a fellow, and lying down upon 
your right and the balls are coming in that direction, they could pass 
directly over my body and take you about in the. middle. I am not the 
slightest protection to you in the world, not the slightest in the 
world, and If you want to do the fair thing by me, Pets, now what is 
the reason you can't be real clever and pick up just about a half 
bushel of this sand in your mouth and make a battery of yourself 
and get over on the other side? Well, Pete suggested to me that 
that was not a good time to swap horses when we were crossing the 
stream. Now there are a great many incidents connected with our 
army life that are amusing. There are a great many others that 
touch us with tears. There are times that come over me, and I have 
no doubt with most of my old comrades— perhaps 1 am a little bit 
more imaginative than some others, 1 don't know, but 1 know that 
there are times that I could go and sit down by myself, or take a walk 
away oft* into the woodland and sit down among the »reen leaves and 
upon the grass, and reflect, go back over these old dates and call up 
incidents and talk to myself— but I confess that I always like to hear a 
nice man talk [laughter]— and talk to myself, I don't know as I ought 
to say this— I can talk myself to tears or I laugh like a boy. And 
now this some accounts to you why these old comrades get together 
and talk. It is astonishing to me sometimes what an amount of stuff 
we can think up when we commence to talk. I know a little circum- 
stance that came to my mind to day when 1 was real cross too, 
and it was a blessed thing, perhaps, for it started me to laugh- 
ing a little. I got to thinking of one of the most ridiculous 
things that happened in St. Louis while we were there. 
The story came through the newspaper one morning that 
there was a man found dead in the river— drowned. Well all at once 
the question came up: Was that any of our men? Now we must begin 
to look that matter up, but in looking down, we found that the name 
was Herman Schroeder, must be a German certainly, and I looked 
over the list of my men and satislied myself it wasn't any of my men. 
But there happened to be a Herman Schroeder in one of the regi- 
ments, and when Herman found that he was dead, that he had been 
drowned, he thought he would go up and see about it. So he gets up 
ami goes to the morgue and goes to the gentleman that was in charge 


and he says: "I see that Herman Schroedcr is dead; 1 want to see 
him; that is me." So they brought him in and there lay the dead man 
and he stood back, he didn't want to £0 close because it alarmed him. 
He says: "Mister, I'd like to have you look a little bit at that man; 
them breeches ;s brown, that is mine; there is a bluecoat, that is this, 
now, Mister, I'd like to have you look at that man's eyes, please." 
He looked at his eyes. "What is the color of his eyes?" "They are 
blue." "Thank the Lord, they are blue; if they had been black, it 
would have been me." Now he had wrought himself up into that state 
of feeling that he thought he was dead, and now, ladies and gentle- 
men, if you would look at one of these old gentlemen that are stand- 
ing beside me and behind me, who have grown gray, it would hardly 
occur to you that those men were at one time in the war. absolute- 
ly so brave, 1 may say, willing no take the responsibility, 1 may 
say, that awful responsibility that rests upon a single suspender 
button while he was climbing the fence with a rooster under each 
arm. (Loud applause.) There were a great many little things that 
served to amuse us. It oft times astonished me at the ingenuity 
of our men. They were just like other people, and you take the 
restraint that is thrown upon a young man when he is in the ser- 
vice, the result is it is a very little while until the younger men 
tire and weary of that restraint ami they want to get out from 
under it a little bit; he wants to feel that he is a man. They were 
the men coming from the schools and universities, our colleges 
and business houses and the young man from the farm, who had 
to control the business of this country in the future. And they 
would tire of the restraint yet after all they were willing to own 
a respectable discipline, and during the time they were under the 
orders of the officers they were true and faithful, but there were times 
if you gave him the opportunity, he would perforin some wonder- 
ful feats. 1 remember of one of my boys who had a long, affidavit 
face — he would have made an excellent circuit rider in the old 
time days of Indiana when 1 used to be there and shake with the 
ague- that was a singular face upon that boy, but he seemed so 
kind of considerate when lie would come to me, and 1 felt now, I 
would like to give hun every opportunity to enjoy himself: and he 
used to want to go out into the country and not forage, no, no! but 
go to the houses of the farmers and get something that was differ- 
ent from the army rations and once in awhile I used to observe, 
someway, that the hind part of my tent lifted up ami a nice plate 
of butter or something slipped in— and I couldn't tell for the life 
of me where it came from. Well, I let this boy go out and he got 
acquainted with a rebel family, very nice people, and he used to go 
from time to time— -he was rather of a literary turn of mind, and 
he got acquainted with their girls — and go sky-larking atound; but 
it so happened, the story came to me— he didn't tell me himself 
that one night he went back to this same house where he had been 
going for several days, and he had taken the lay of the land din- 
ing the time and knew just how to get into the smokehouse; and 
sometime in the night the landlord heard a noise outside and he 
went out and discovered that the noise was in the smokehouse; he 
slipped back into the house, quietly lit his lantern, pushed the 
door of the smokehouse open and held up his light full in the face 
of this good friend of his, that had been sharing his hospitality 
from day to day, and there he stood with a ham in each hand. "Now 
look here, young man, you have come to my house from time to 


time, I have tried to give you the hospitality of my house, we have 

tried to be just as pleasant to you as possible, you have sat down 
to my table and shared what we had and I looked upon you as my 
friend, notwithstanding- you were in the army, notwithstanding 
you were fighting against us, and now I find you with a ham in 
each hand, absolutely coming and stealing from me in t he dead 
hours of the night. Why don't you talk to me':"' "Well, 1 aint got 
nothing to say, that is about the amount of it." (Laughter) 

Another one of those fellows just comes to my mind. Now he 
used to want to go out and forage, and I says to him. now you want 
to be very careful, very considerate toward these people; there is 
nothing brave at all in trampling upon people because you have 
the- power to do so. Voy will go home, and you will be a manly 
man wherever you go — so he promised faithfully he would, but 
after he had been going in and out for some considerable length 
of time, one of my men came to me and said: "That fellow has been 
fooling you -he has been pulling the wool over your eyes." "Well, 
I wouldn't doubt it. he seems to be a pretty clever fellow. Well, 
what is he doing?" "Well, he is going out and bringing in whiskey." 
He was then out at that time and so 1 thought L would watch the 
fellow and when I saw him coming into the line, says I, "Halt, stop 
right there. I am satisfied that you have been playing oil on me; 
word comes to me that you are going out of here and bringing in 
whiskey and selling it to these boys here. Now 1 want to know if 
that is so':"' He had a coffee pot and he had gone out after milk 
and he just simply raised up the end of the coffee pot and poured 
out a little stream of milk. Says I, "that will do" but I learned 
afterwards that the fellow had taken a little bit of dough and tilled 
up the spout. (Laughter.) 

Now, my comrades, I have talked to you enough. 1 propose now 
to give way to some of these gentlemen here. I want to say, it is 
a blessed thing for me to meet with the old boys; it is a pleasant 
thing for me to look into their faces, to fight these bat- 
tles over again, and as I say, it will be but a few years I will be 
permitted to talk to you. There is something in this that reminds 
me of our homes, our early homes, our early boyhood homes, and 
if there is anything on earth that comes into the heart of an old 
man, it is when he goes back to his old home and lingers around 
the hearth-stone. The old fashioned wheel was there and mother 
was spinning, and the tired boy lies down upon the naked puncheon 
floor and sleeps the sleep of the just while mother runs out the 
number of cuts that was the day's work. It is a pleasant thing: it 
does us good; it makes us better men; it tones up the virtues and 
tones down the vices, and steadily, steadily guides our wayward feet, 
so to speak, into that path that 1 hope leads to a pure! shrine 
than that simply that leads us to the shrine of-manhood. Now, 
comrades, 1 want to hear something from these old friends that 
are behind me here. I was delighted with the remarks of my 
friends here. But a thought comes to me now. Perhaps a great 
many men cannot comprehend and grasp the terror, the absolute 
terror of a battle. I cannot describe it to yon, 1 cannot do that, 
no. Tlie roar of artillery, the strains of triumphant music, the 
shouts of joy that comes to you from the victorious army- you 
can't realize it; I shall never be able to comprehend and grasp it. 
I just remember that terrible road in Shiloh. I had a man who 
was wounded at Ft. Donelson but had so far recovered that he 


thought he would b2 able to participate in the tight. Now at 
this time that the roar of the artillery was so terrific, I saw that 
man was suffering and suffering terribly. In this old sunken road 
was a little gully where the water was washed out until it was 
sufficiently deep to hold a man below the surface. 1 took that 
man and placed him below the surface of the ground, until his 
body was completely below it. with the hope that the sound of 
this artillery would not injure him so much, but yet it was abso- 
lutely so terrific and so great that the blood just leaped from his 
ears. Now you can comprehend it in a measure, somewhat. 

Now, comrades, have a blessed good time tonight, and tomor- 
row, and go away from here resolved that you will meet together 
for a thousand years to come (Continued applause.) 

After a solo, "My Soldier Hoy,'' by Miss Le Ora Townsend, Cap- 
tain J. B. Morrison followed with a paper entitled "Shiloh." The 
Captain had recently visited the battlefield and his description ol 
the present surroundings was very interesting: 


In the early spring of 18(12, at a time when many of the leading 
men and women of today were babes in arms, there was an older 
growth of Iowa boys who were in arms for three years, or during the 

The great Civil war was in full blast -the army of the Potomac 
was making its regular weekly forward movement, interspersed with 
disasters and defeats, and the people of the north were wearing long 
faces. The slaughter at Belmont had passed; Ft. Henry had been 
captured on the Tennessee river; Ft. Donelson's fortified hills on the 
Cumberland river had been climbed, and northern confidence lifted 
up with the capture of that stronghold and 15, 000 prisoners nf war. 
Columbus, Kentucky, had been evacuated and Nashville. Tennessee, 
given up by the rebel army. 

The news from the southwest was not cheering to Jell' Davis and 
his cabinet at Richmond. Too much territory was being lost the 
invaders were getting too far south. By both threats and entreaties 
the rebel generals and their soldiers were called upon to defend 
their liresides and drive the invaders from southern soil. 

An army was massed at Corinth, Mississippi, composed ol" the 
best troops and commanded by the most able generals of the south. 
For two months everything was being done to get ready for the most 
desperate fighting. It was the flower of the rebel forces in the south- 
west, and contained forty thousand fighting men. 

While this was going on Gen. Grant was sending up the Tennes- 
see river steamboats loaded with soldiers. They were debarked at 
Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., a point twenty-six miles northeast from 
Corinth, Mississippi. Some of these troops had seen service at Bel- 
mont, Ft. Henry and Ft. Donelson, but many were fresh from the 
farms and workshops of Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, had never been 
under fire and scarcely knew the manual of arms. They marched up 
the hill at Pittsburg Landing and went into camp wherever they 
pleased; some selecting a grove, others a hillside, and others a camp 
nearer a creek, so that this army of 33,000 men were scattered hap- 
hazard over several miles, and as it happened, the rawest troops were 
on the front lim*. Gen. Grant, the commander, was at Savannah, 


seven iniles below on the opposite side of the river. The division of 
Gen. Lew Wallace, which was not in the 11 {•■lit the lirst day, (for 
some reason which is in dispute) was at Crumps Landing. 

On Sunday morning, April lith, at !5 o'clock, the rebel army from 
Corinth, forty thousand strong, suddenly and in full force attacked 
this camp. They found the men asleep in their tents or in some 
cases wore just -preparing their morning meal. This sudden onset 
so demoralized our front that inside of three hours fully soon of our 
men were "out of the light" leaving the remaining _.~>.00i) to contest 
the further advance of the rebels. Gen. Beauregard cheered on the 
already victorious army and told them he would water his horse that 
night in the Tennessee river or in hell. 

The Iowa brigade', commanded by Gen. Tuttle- whose battle 
scarred veterans are assembled here tonight— were camped near the 
river. At 8 o'clock. A. M..they were ordered to the front with eighty 
rounds of ammunition. Heavy firing had Ween heard all the morning, 
but was not understood, as no battle was expected. On the way to 
the front, panic stricken soldiers were met rushing to the rear, who 
said the whole earth was swarming with rebels and it was certain 
death to go to the front. We soon struck the enemy -he wasn't hard 
to llnd and as we hastily formed a line of battle along an old road, 
we could see the closed columns of the enemy with Hags Hying and 
bayonets glistening in the morning sun. Their artillery unlim- 
bered for action and they poured shot and shell into our lines, while 
their infantry charged us, and the roar of battle was like the letting 
loose of millions of demons. 

Ten o'clock came and it seemed a day had gone by; noon came, 
we didn't think about dinner- one o'clock, two o'clock, three o'clock, 
four o'clock', each hour seeming longer than the one before, and still 
our line was held— not an inch of ground was yielded. 

This was the Hornets' Nest. The reports of the rebel officers 
who said they couldn't dislodge that line, have made the spot famous. 
It has been in song and story and painted on canvas, and takes its 
place in American history as an example of hull dog tenacity never 
surpassed on this continent. 

Shortly alter 4.30 the Union lines on our right and left gave way 
and orders came for us to fall back. When, to our consternation, we 
found the rebels in heavy force on both our Hanks, yelling like de- 
mons and rapidly closing" their two columns together behind us— all 
the time pouring a hailstorm of lead into our ranks. Orders then 
came to save ourselves as best we could. We run the gauntlet and 
part of us got out— the rest were killed, wounded or captured. When 
we reached a position and again formed our lines, the sun was down. 
At this time Gen. Grant came along on foot and talked to us and 
urged us to stand linn and hold our line. He wasn't drunk then and 
didn't look like he had been. 

Suddenly a column of rebel cavalry galloped into position in front 
of us and halted. Their line extended as far as we could see to the 
right and to ibv left. We expected a charge and formed our lines 
four deep with fixed bayonets -the front line kneeling. We hoped 
they wouldn't charge and they didn't. Darkness was coming on as 
they wheeled and rode away. Without dinner or supper we lay down, 
each man holding his gun. The constant tiring of our heavy guns 
from the batteries near the river and on the gunboats, the shells 
shrieking over our heads, the arrival and deploying of Buell's 
army, which was going on all night, and. the thoughts of our missing 
comrades, banished sleep from our eyes. We could hear the mournful 


cry of the wounded who were on the lie Id before; us. and the dismal 
thoughts of what 1 he morrow might bring [or us made the night most 
terrible. When morning came, Bnell's arm} took the lead ami we 
followed in reserve. The rebels fell back constantly and it was a 
'■picnic" compared with the day before, 

I have heard a theory that the taking of prisoners by rebels, 
Sunday afternoon, so diverted the attention ol their men that an 
hour or more of precious time was lost, so that night came on before 
their victory was complete. I be^ leave to advance another theory: 
(ion. Johnson, commander of the rebel army, was mortally wounded 
while mounted on his horse and leading a charge near the "liorneth' 
Nest." I want to picture toyou tonight one ot "the boys from Iowa" 
firing -the allot which brought the leader down. The consternation at 
his lo.-s and the dcia\ incident to a change ol commanders consumed 
that precio-un hour. Had Johnson li veil and earned out the plan.-! he 
so well begun, his victorious army would have destroyed the already 
shattered army of (.'rant, and reached the Tennessee river in time to 
prevent the crossing ol BueU's command. Had this great disaster 
befallen Grant, his chances tor the presidency would have been slim, 
indeed, and the train of events might have taken a very different So I .-ay. that one shot, tired, in all probability, by an" 
Iowa soldier, may have saved thousands of lives a.nd millions of 
money The victorious army of Johnson could have cleaned 
out liuell and marched north through Tennessee and Ken- 
tucky, whose citizens would have Hocked to their victorious 
standards until he might have marched on Cincinnati with 
an ami} ol an hundred thousand men and easily captured it which 
course ot event-, would have easily prolonged the war live years, 

No man can boast of a greater admiration ot" Gen. (Jraut than I, 
but up to that date one element was lacking, lie hadn't learned to 
dig ditches. Had he fortified his army at Shiloh the rebels would 
never have attacked him. The men were lying there for several 
weeks in idleness and the work of erecting a line of heavy trenches 
would have done them good. The failure to do this cost the country 
dear, and nearly changed the fate of the war. ft taught Grant a les- 
son he never forgot. From that day on he never moved his army ten 
feet to the front without intrenching it. Shiloh was the most des- 
perate ami bloody Wattle which, up to that time, had been fought on 
American soil. This is the statement of history. Of the T.'l.Ouo men 
engaged on both sides, fully 20,001) were killed, wounded or captured. 
The valor of the. American volunteer soldier was fully established and 
we heard no more of the boast that one rebel could lick live Yankees. 
The question of whose soil was going to be invaded was settled at 
Shiloh. from that day on, the war in the southwest was waged on the 
enemy's soil, so that Shiloh is considered by man}' as one of the most 
decisive battles of the war. 

I visited this battlefield last April and went over the ground with 
men who fought on both side-. We found the exact spot where the 
Hornets' Nest brigade held their line We found the old sunken road 
and I located a large oak tree whose top had been shot off by a shell 
at the left of the 7th Iowa. After thirty-three years, bullets and 
shells can be found quite plentifully, and it was amusing to see the 
visitors picking bullet- out i'\ the fence rails and wood piles, these 
having b. en made from trees which stood at the time of the battle. 
The old i amps have a young growth of timber on them, so they don't 
look nat iral. We mixed with the people who were present in thous- 


ands at the reunion. Some were cordial; some were not very enthu- 
siastic about our presence, but they nearly all had relies of the battle- 
to sell to the northern visitors. The Government has bought some 
two thousand acres of land where the "battle w;is fought and is eon- 
verting it into a National Parle. A National Cemetery, on a beauti- 
ful eminence overlooking the river, contains tin- remains oJ many 
thousands of the heroes who fell at Shiloh. many being arranged in 
groups by regiments; but the list of those marked ••unknown" was 
fearfully large. 

Sergeant Knight, late of Company "E" 7th Iowa, whose home was 
at Keokuk, is in charge. The rebel dead still lie where we buried 
them, Lii the open woods, in long trenches side by side. 1 met a man 
with a spade and we stopped and talked it over. He was a rebel and 
had been locating the position of his regiment and had found the 
skeletons of three men partially uncovered. He thought they were 
his comrades and had given them a new burial. 

Nearly one-fourth of* Grant's army at Shiloh was from Iowa. 
Iowa boys were in the thickest and hottest of the light. The Hornets' 
Nest Brigade was from Iowa. The men who stood shoulder to 
shoulder in those stirring times will soon be gone: their ranks are 
already thin — more are on the other side than remain here. While 
we live, let us ask Iowa to do something to mark the spot where our 
comrades shed their blood for the common good of all. Other states 
have their monuments at Gettysburg and Chicamatiga, showing the 
spots on which their soldiers did deeds of valor. Let us resolve 
tonight, as citizens of Iowa, that we will see to it that our legislature 
appropriates a liberal sum to erect enduring shafts of marble or 
granite on the spot where new lustre was added to the name of Iowa 
by her gallant sons. 

There followed one of the linest features of the evening called, 
"Shiloh's Field by Night," composed by Judge D. Ryan and rendered 
by Miss Cora Mel Patten. It was well written and Miss Patten 
showed great elocutionary power in the delivery. The production 
was based on a true pathetic incident that occurred on that memora- 
ble night. The singing of some male voices of parts of ".Jesus Lover 
of My Soul" added force and realism to it. 

Silicon's Field By Night A [Picture. "The Hymn Op The Hor- 
nets' Nest Brigade." 

All day long the battle had raged. Night spread her broad wings 
over the field. Darkness ended the day's battle. The two armies, 
about equal in number-, had covered the held "thick with other clay." 
No field in modern history can tell such a tale of carnage. No battle 
of the war of the Rebellion bought victory at such fearful cost. 

It was Faster Day, A. D. 18(52. The Arm\ of the Tennessee on the 
western shore of the river, between swollen. Hanking streams, hud 
pitched their tents. The rains ana clouds of yesterday had disap- 
peared. 1 lea ven's blue dome, pure and bright, bent above them; the 
sun shone out in splendor. Above the heads of that great army, 
birds sang their sweetest music amid the branches of the teeming 
forest. Trees were putting on Spring's vestments of green. Buds 
and blossoms, everywhere bursting into new life, lit emblems of the 
Resurrection Morn, laded the air with delicate, sweet perfumes. 

•'But hu^h! Hark! A deep sound strikes like a rising knell! 1 '- 



Well out, and at the front 'tis heard tepeated again and yet again. 
Who could guess that a great battle lias begun! No, 'tits but artillery 
practice. Hark! ''The heavy sound breaks in once more." This 
time, amid their deep intonations, is heard the rattle oi musketry, 
Nearer and nearer upon the air is borne the "long roll" of the rattl- 
ing' drums and the bugle call " L'o arms'." 

••And there was hurrying to and fro." The approaching sound of 
conflict told but too plainly .that the surging tide of the lirst lierce 
onset was sweeping before it the Union arms. Stubbornly they held 
their ground, fiercely lighting, they contested every foot of ground, 
falling back. Now. under arms, the whole army "to the rescue" 
hastened to the trout. Then, "swiftly forming in the ranks of war," 
the tide of battle was arrested. Here, front to trout, every availa- 
ble man oi the two armies grappled in the struggle. All day 
througn the battle raged, surging backward and forward, now losing 
ground, now regaining; struggling, writhing and bleeding, hilt to hilt, 
like two giants contending in deadly combat. 

From the "morning gun " till the "evening gun" how changed! 
Heaven's blue dome Is shut out by the smoke of battle, hanging black 
and low like a pall. The sun. no longer "pure and bright," has, like 
the held it shown upon, taken o\i a redder hue. wrapped in its sable 
and battle-smoked mantle. It sinks out of sight, as if refusing long- 
er to witness the work of human slaughter. The songs of the birds 
have given [dace to the whistle of bullets and the screech of shells. 
Blossoms and flowers have taken on a deeper dye. The sturdy oaks 
are torn and shattered as when a tornado in its course leaves the 
forest rent and st rewn. 

Night separated the combatants. The armies, exhausted and 
bleeding", withdrew to bivouac on the' Li gory beds" ti<ji <rt-Ju>, iRyvi^Oytf 

sun would light them again to battle. ~j-«_>C> f tf \j 

Between the lines, mingled one with another, lav thousands oi 
killed or wounded, here one in blue, there one in gray. 

Night drew on. Oh. that long and dreary night! Oh, that night 
of horrors! from the gaping and bleeding wounds oi thousands, the 
unstaunched life-blood was ebbing in blackest darkness. With none 
near but those disabled or cold in death, the wounded lay all night on 
that horrid held. 

The noise of battle had given place to the confused sounds of 
bivouacing armies, seeking position for a night's repose, doubtless 
the morrowV Hue of battle. 

The night was well spent ere the armies slept. Hushed was the 
roar of battle and, in its stead, cries of the wounded were heard, 
broken only by the loud roar from the gunboats, whose shrieking sin Ms 
at short but regular intervals all night long were hurled upon that 
held. The aim of the guns was directed, as well as might be, at the 
lines of the bivouacing enemy: but, with seemingly fateful certain- 
ty, they fell .111101114 the helpless wounded on the Held. 

Hut hark! what is that new sound that breaks in on the ear? Is 
it the sounds of awakening gnus, or do reinforcements signal to us — 
Or to tiwm'f Ah! see the red lightning "painting wrath on the sky," 
and hear the loud thunder resound! It is as if Heaven's batteries 
replied to earth's feeble ordnance. Quick Hashes scarce divide the 
loud peals of thunder. The storm, lull of wrath, bursts with sudden 
fury, making blacker still, but for the lightning, the blackness of 
that black nijHit. 

;!<; iowa hornets' nest brigade. 

When the night was well advanced, before the storm came on, 
out beyond and in front of the position held during the day by '"The 
Hornets' Nest Brigade," and where the carnage was the thickest on 
that Held, a voice was heard singing. Striking contrast! Strange 
place! Sweet voice! Dear soul! Hark! 

"Jesus lover of my so.ul, 
Let me to Uiy bosom tly!" 

With this strain the voice ceaseil. as if the last expiring breath 
were expended in a dying effort. What to him now was yesterday's 
battle! What of to-morrow's dread conflict to come! 

•■ lie has slept his last sleep, he has fought his last battle. 
No sound can awake him to glory again. 

Short was the interval before the same inspiration, that lilted 
the singer above the held of battle to other realms, was caught up 
and this time two voices were heard: 

••Jesus lover of my soul. 

Let me to thy bosom fly ! 
WliileThe nearer waters roll, 

While the tempest still is high:" 

With the bursting of the storm, and while the tempest still was 
high, the song ceased. At length the storm spent its fury and was 
gone; but the wounded soldiers, now drenched with the ram that had 
cooled their fevered flesh, were still there. With the disappearing 
storm again arose from that Held of the dead and the dying the 
sweet melody — this time sung by a chorus of voices: 

" J^sus, lover of my soul, 

Let me to thy bosom fly! 
While the nearer waters roll, 

While the tempest still is high. 
Hide me, Oh I ray Savior, hide, 

Till the storm of life is past, 
Safe into the haven guide, 

Oh, receive my soul at last! 

" Other refuge have I none 

Hangs my helpless soul on thee. 
Leave, Oh, leave me not alone. 

Still support and comfort me! 
All mv trust on thee is stayed. 

All my help from thee I bring, 
Cover my defenseless head 

With the shadow of thy wing!" 

The soldiers of the North and the soldiers of the South— their 
voices blended! There went up from that battle-lield the sure 
promise of a glorious Union -one religion, one kindred, one country, 
one (lag! 

When morning cam •. some of those voices were hushed. \n the 
darkness of night the icy linger of death had touched the parched 
lips, and tongues that had sung so sweetly the night before were for- 
ever still! The refuge of which they had sung had been attained! 
Others were rescued by comrades who in yesterday's battle had 
fiercely, savagely fought, but who now, with touch as tender and gen- 
tle as that of a loving mother, bound up the wounds and ministered 
to the wants of comrades. Possibly some who sung there that night 
are here to join hands and voices with us now. This hymn is, and of 
light ought to be, "The Hymn of the Hornets' Nest Brigade.'' 

After a solo, "Tender and True," sung by Mrs. Ella Eberhart, 
came a well written and interesting paper by Capt. E. B. Soper, 


12th la. that was especially interesting to those v\ ho belonged to what 
was called the Union Brigade, comprising members ot the sever- 
al Regiments who were not taken prisoners at Sliiloh, and were 
formed into one Regiment. This also being the lirst public re- 
cognition of the Brigade by an address given at any of our re- 

The Union Brigade. 

The 12th Iowa was camped near the- river bank, below the 
landing, on a high blulf, over-looking the river. When the Regi- 
ment went out to the light on 'Sunday morning, there 1 were left in 
camp only the convalescents, who were unable to don their ac- 
coutrements and march out to the light: and all who went out 
with the Regiment were either killed, wounded or taken prisoners. 
That news ot the fate Of their comrades only reached those in camp 
the second day of the battle and when the rebels were driven oh the 
field, si [ii ads of each company who were able to walk, under the lead- 
ership of i\'.(.. Price, ol Company 1). who had by a ruse escaped 
alter capture by the enemy, sought the bodies of their comrades 
and bunk-mates among the Killed on the batt lelield. and wounded 
comrades among the multitude brought to the lauding by the ambu- 
lance corps. Such search was continued until the bodies of all those, 
who from the reports ol the wounded, we're known to have been 
killed, were found, and given a soldier's burial on a point of the bluff 
over-looking the river, with headboards to their graves, upon which 
was inscribed their name, company, regiment ami cause ol death. 

After the dead were buried and the wounded, who were found on 
the baitlelield or who escaped from the enemy during their removal 
from the baitlelield toward Corinth, had been cared for and sent 
away on hospital boats, those remaining made the be-d ot their situ- 
ation and surroundings, and lived at ease and in comfort in the camp 
until the 27th of April, l<si>2, when there came from division head- 
quarters a general order creating an aggregation designated as the 
Union Brigade, composed of the remnants of the captured regi- 
ments, namely: the 8th, 12th and lit 1 > Iowa and nSth Illinois, organiz- 
ing them into companies and designating their commanders. As the 
12th had more men taken prisoners at Sliiloh than any other regi- 
ment, it had much fewer men than any of the other regiments: con- 
sequently, the 12th was formed into one company and the others into 
three companies-each: the I2lh [owa constituted company U. of the 
Union Brigade, as it organized. K.ich of the ten companies constitu- 
ting the brigade was officered by a commissioned otlieer acting as 
captain, aim commissioned or non-commissioned officers acting as 
lieu tenants: no Held officers in any of the lour regiments were present 
for duty, ami Captain Ileal) of the ."*.Sth Illinois was designated as 
acting colonel. ('apt. Fowler of the 12th Iowa was acting lieu - 
tenant colonel, and Captain Kittle of the fjSth Illinois was acting 

The organization was perfected, ( not, however, without ••kick- 
ing"), and the unnecessary baggage, tents and camp equippage turned 
over to the Quartermaster department, and on the 29th day of April, 
lSti2. the Union Brigade for the lirst time, fell into line, accordingly 
as it had been constituted by the order, and. with the balance of the 
1st Division, broke camp, and moved forward over the battlefield, 
past Sliiloh church, toward Corinth, forming the advance line of the 
Federal army. 


The appearance of the battlefield, with its acres upon acres of 
dense under-growth absolutely mowed by minie balls, and trees and 
saplings girdled, and large trees trimmed of their limbs by cannon 
halls, showing" where the tremendous lighting - had taken [dace, was 
observed and commented upon. 

The advance on Corinth was constantly contested. Every ad- 
vance was made in line of battle, preceded by a strong line of skir- 
mishers. When the popping" on the skirmish line got hot, lines were 
dressed up at favorable positions and a strong line ol rille pits speed- 
ily constructed, every other man holding two guns and his lile mate 
industriously using the shovel or ax, relieving each cither every 
minute or two. The roar of musketry on the skirmish line did much 
tew aril hastening the work. Soldiers who had shewn every evidence 
ol being" constitutionally tired were frequently seen working with 
the utmost energy and vigor. 

The advance line was constructed under circumstances above 
described on the evening'of the 29th of April, IStrJ, On the JlOth, the 
whole arm} r was mustered for pay, except the I'liion Brigade, whose 
rolls were not yet made out; as each of the ten companies in each of 
the four regijnents included in the organization had to be mustered 
separately, and as many of the companies had no ollicers or non-com- 
missioned officers competent to do the work', there was considerable 
delay. The writer describes aiaking out the rolls ol his own and two 
other companies of the 1-th Iowa, with a cracker box for a table, a 
pocket ink stand and a borrowed pen. under the shade of a tall oak 
tree, in the open air. As all the men belonging to the company had 
to be carried on the rolls, whether present or absent, and I he "dead, 
the sick, the mounded and the missing accounted for, and three copies 
of each roll made, the task .vas not a light one. but was linalls' ac- 
complished and the regiment mustered for pay. 

for thirty days, the advance on Corinth continued: some days out- 
lines being thrown forward a mile or two. and some times remaining 
two or three days in one place, but always well fortified. I' 
we stood or sat all day under arms, and customarily slept with our 
belts and cartridge boxes on, our gains by our side and not infrequent- 
ly in tlie trenches. 

On the 29th of May. 18(i2, our lines were within half a mile of the 
rebel trenches around t'orinth. During that night, unusual noises 
were heard by the pickets, followed near morning by a series of ex- 
plosions. At daylight, our pickets advanced and the rebel lines were 
found deserted. A pursuit followed: the retreating Confederates 
passed south down the Mobile & Ohio Bailr'oad; the Union brigade 
followed, passing through Danville ami Kien/.i to Uooueville, Missis- 
sippi, but returned to camp about three miles south of Corinth, on 
the Mobile & Ohio road where the entire Brigade remained until 
about the 15th of August. L802, when the Union Brigade was sent to 
Danville. Mississippi, the first station south of Corinth and about ten 
miles distant, f he two months spent at camp Montgomer\ were des- 
titute of exciting inchh nt; no drill or other tint} from eight a. in. to 
six p. m., but as it was our first summer south, the heat was very op- 
pressive, and the days were spent in the shade of tin- large oak trees 
which abounded in the camp: each individual amusing" himself ac- 
cording to his taste and inclinations. Every few days, squads of 
convalescents arrived from Northern hospitals and by' the time we 
left camp Montgomery, all those wounded at Shiloh, who were ever 
after (it for duty, as well as those who had been left at St. Louis, sick 
or had been sent away from Pittsburg Landing, returned to the com- 



in and, swelling the number of the 12th Iowa present for duty, to 
about one hundred and titty men. One of the other regiments whose 
n limbers had been diminishing was consolidated into two companies, 
and the 12th re-organized into two companies and thereafter consti- 
tuted during the remainder of the life of that organization, com- 
panies K and K, oi the Union Brigade. 

Winn iuWugust, lstii:. the forces ol: Price and Van Born began to 
concentrate in Mississippi, the Union forces were posted at conveni- 
ent points to meet and watch their movements; the Union Brigade 
was sent to Danville, where under command of Lieut, i 'ol. Coulter, ot 
the 12th Iowa, it remained until the 1st of October. The principal 
employment of the command while at Danville was foraging and 
doing guard duty, the daily detail for which was one hundred and 
twenty-live men. fresh meats, vegetables and fruits were abundant, 
and inai'v of the boys here saw for tin 1 hist time growing peanuts and 
persimmons. While the men came on guard ever} three or tour el ays, 
yet the weather was line, living good, and it is doubtful whether in 
our whole armv experience a more enjoyable six weeks were passed 
than those spent at I >anvi lie. 

About the time of, and subsequent to the battle of luka. occas- 
ional shots were exchanged between the pickets and the rebel cav- 
ali \ , but no at tack upon its was made, although ol course we remained 
ia a constant state ot readiness. 

On the 2nd day of October, orders came to break camp and 
abandon the post, and on the same evening we withdrew towards 
Corinth, across the Tuscumbia river, where we halted for the night, 
and the next morning, after destroying the bridge over the stream, 
resumed our march, reaching Corinth in the afternoon, after a very 
hard and fatiguing march over dusty roads, without water, upon one 
of the hottest days of the season, and were ordered out on the 
Chewalla road to take our places with our brigade. We formed a part 
of the first Brigade, commanded by (ieneral tlackleman, of Indiana, 
the Second Division commanded by (Jen. •). K. Davies, Army ot the 

About a mile out from Corinth we met the Division retiring before 
the enemy, and re-fonniny the line of battle near the white house, 
we took our place on the extreme left of our Brigade, a little to the 
north and west of the town, between the two railroads that crossed 
each ol lua- at that point, and throwing ourselves on the ground, we 
rested, awaiting the enemy's attack. After shelling the woods in 
which our position was located, as long as they thought desirable, the 
enemy advanced in two unbroken and continuous lines of battle, ex- 
tending to the right and Left of us as far as we could see and Hanking 
our extreme left. We poured volley after ,'olley into the advancing 
lines with seemingly little effect, as they continued to advance, with 
the characteristic rebel yell: the onset was so heavy that the line 
broke and fell back about as last a* their legs would carry them, 
through the woods, into the abutt is and thence at nighl fall, within the 
fort i locations, when.' the survivor* of the command gathered. The 
men remained lighting behind trees and stumps, the rebel forces 
which made a reconnoisance received so warm a reception they did 
not advance. There was some desultory lighting, but no serious at- 
tack" was made that evening. That night hardtack and raw onions 
were distributed with raw bacon, and a hearty meal made, after 
which, stretched upon the earth beside the loaded rilles. with cart- 
ridge boxes for a pillow, the clear sky for a covering, a dreamless 
sleep restored the exhausted soldiers, During the night, dispositions 


were made for the coming battle and positions a signed the several 
commands; About tour o'clock the Union Brigade was aroused ami 
marched to its new position further tevthe right, and near \\ here the 
road from Pittsburg Landing entered the town. IKrc the Union 
Brigade lav in line of battle, awaiting the approach of the enemy. 

Finally, about nine or ten o'clock, the heavy guns from 1'ort 
Robinett opened lire; we then knew that the enenn were advancing 
In the assault. Soon the forts and their surroundings we re en \ eloped 
in white smoke, and in our front the lines of gray appeared advancing 
from the woods; with breathless expectation, we watched then i si owh 
approach; to the right and to the left of lis. as we were in an angle of 
the line and near to the town, bring began, when the rebels sprang 
forward to the charge with the rebel yell, and l he w hole Union limit 
became a line of tire; stiil the enemy pressed forward, until within a 
few yards of our front, when our line gave wav: the color bearer fell: 
another seized and held aloft the standard of the Union Brigade, only 
to fall: Orderly Sergt. John I >. Cole. Company I!, acting Sergt. Major, 
Union Brigade, seized tin- Hag and planted it in front of the now 
rallying lines, only to fall, shot through the lungs, when private 
Isaac G. Clark, of Company I), rescued and waved aloft the Hag, 
which he proudly carried forward a.s the line advamvd and moved for- 
ward in pursuit,of the now retiring foe. This repulse ended the ha I tic, 
and in the afternoon our forces moved in pursuit of the enemy. In 
the two days' light, the Union Brigade was badL punished. Of not 
more than four hundred men engaged, eight were killed on the Held. 
eighty-six wounded, of whom a number died, and eighteen were 
reported missing, many of whom were killed or died of wounds in 
rebel hands. The two Companies composed of the 12th Iowa bad 
engaged in the battle at Corinth less than one hundred and lift) men. 
but sustained a loss of three killed, four mortally wounded and four 
commissioned officers and-iO enlisted men wounded, ten of whom so 
severely as to have been discharged on account of such wounds; 
among them 1st Lieut. David U. Henderson, afterwards Colonel Kith 
Iowa and Lieut. A. L. Palmer. 

While the troops were absent in pursuit of the retreating forces 
of Price and Van Lorn, the baggage and convalescents were ordered 
into camp on the old site at camp Montgomery, and the Union Bri- 
gade occupied its old grounds. Two days a ftcr, in attack was made 
on the camp by a veiy considerable force of rebel cavalry, but as a 
large number of the Union Brigade had not joined in the pursuit of 
Price, they were ready to light, and did so. The enemy found it 
much better protected than they had supposed, and beat a hasty 
retreat, leaving several men and horses shot down. That evening 
orders were received to remove the cintip within the fortifications, 
which was done, and when the pursuit of Price and Van Dnrn was 
abandoned, the Second Division returned to Corinth as its g;irrison, 
where the Union Brigade remained during the remainder ol a- exis- 
tence, doing picket duty and working on the entrenchments, a new 
and less extensive line ol works having been laid out after the battle, 
which, however, included the principal forts. As our comrades who 
had been taken prisoners at Shiloh were paroled in October, we were 
anxious to get north, and finally after long and impatient waiting, 
an order came on the 17th of December, isti'.', dissolving the Union 
Brigade and ordering its return home to join the exchanged pris- 
oners and re-organize their old regiments, andon fhc'IMth of Decem- 
ber, with light hearts and thoughts of a merry Christinas at Inane, 
t'ue l^th fowa. under command of Lieut. Col. Coulter. gail\ marched 



to the depot and hoarded tin: cars for the north. Arriving' at .lark- 
son, Tennessee, about eleven a. .\i.. we found consternation and com- 
motion. Forrest was on a raid. North of Jackson the telegraph 
lines were cut and an attack was hourly expected. We were ordered 
to disembark and assist in the defense oi the post. That night tin- 
track was torn up and bridges burned almost to as far north as Col- 
umbus, Kentucky. The disappointment was keen, but there was no 
help for it, and we climbed down and loaded our guns-, and were 
assigned an exposed position on the picket line. No attack came. 
Alter waiting impatiently for three days, we were allowed to go 
north as guard for the engineer corps and construction train, to 
rebuild the bridges and track which the rebel's had destroyed. For 
two weeks and over we moved along with the bridge gang, from 
stream to stream, across the swamps, counting the miles, even the 
ties, as so much nearer home: sleeping behind anything that broke 
the chilly wind, sheltered only by our blankets and overcoats. The 
country through which we passed was composed mostly of swamp, 
with plenty of cane brake.-, and thinly populated. We lived oil the 
country. Sometimes foraging was good: sometimes not so good: we 
ate what we could liud and hoped tor better with the next move. 
Our living varied from the milk and honey variety of some neighbor- 
hoods to roast "razor backs" in others: but taken all in all, with the 
adventure and the marc hi tig, the bridge building and the picket duty 
and interviews with the tnftives, we did not have Mich a bad time. 
In fact, if we had not been so anxious to get home by New Years, we 
would rather have enjoyed the trip. Finally, however, the last 
burned bridge was reached, the river hastily crossed on false work, and 
the boys swung out with rapid stride-., up the railroad track towards 
Columbus and toward home. That night we slept in the deserted 
buildings at Union City, and the next day. January I. l.Sd.'i, marched 
into Columbus, and that night took a steamer for Cairo, arriving on 
the Oth, and the next north bound train on the Illinois Central bore 
us Davenport ward, where we arrived the 7th of January: received 
from Adjt. Baker a twenty day furlough and transportation to oui 
several home-. 

After a song by the Ladies Quartette, Capl. Dan Matson. of the 
Fourteenth, then gave us "War Reminiscences," that called to the 
minds of many of the comrades several incidents that occurred during 

their sojourn in Dixie: 

I feel more insubordinate, tonight, toward my Brigade Comman- 
der than 1 ever felt before, lie taught me silence in the ranks when 
on duty, and here in gross violation ol this positive training of Army 
Regulations, lie bids me talk to this audience: and this is not all. I 
charge him with further violation of Regulations, in that he orders 
me into action, placing me under a severe cross lire, without furnl h 
ing me ammunition; and, too. the treasured haversack with its three 
days rations ; and the old canteen: arc missing, l.'iniriuid! di h its< less! 
under Jim! and tin old '-chief in (In rear! Boys, it aint like it used^to be: 
you know he once told us that he never put us in tough places with- 
out being himself in Uu hud. and we threw it back at him. (Jldfndu, 
tin hi n /■ in n! aid iiulii ijajt /""/,• us mil. 

Dr. Staples of the Fourteenth tells a story, on Col. Shaw tlmt may 
be new to some of you. Our lirst Chaplain had a wry neck and held 
his head to one side. [lis horse also had a wry neck and held his head 
over the opposite way. They cut quite a ligure on parade occasions 



One day at Benton Barracks, the Llegiment wad lormed for battalion 
drill, while the Colonel not altogether calmly, awaited tin- appear- 
ance of his orderly with "old Pete" liis horse his mood was 
very much like that of L'hil Sheridan, at Five Forks, when 
Warren and the 5th corps didn't come to time. Somebody was in 
danger of getting relieved. The < chaplain who was standing near by, 
holding his old still necked horse, thinking to help his Commander 
out of the dilemma, led old "crooked neck" np to the Colonel and 
nieeklj' said: '"Col., you can take my horse." There was a pause as it 
Nature stood trembJing for the answer: the i-xjilosiuu which followed 
would be hard to describe; it was none of your ricochet shots; it took 
the old Doinuie and old twist neck right amidships, Sullice it to say, 
the horse had to be closely blanketed for inan\ weeks until his hair 
grew out again, and when Domnie arose 10 his feet, it was noticeable 
that his head was a couple of degrees more out of line. The Col- 
ouel was famous for looking out for his boys: he took good 
care to get us all that was coining to us, and sometimes we 
got things that were not exactly our due according to exist- 
ing Regulations. In the early part of March, isiiii. while 
encamped at Metal handing on the Tennessee river after the Don- 
elson light awaiting transportation to Pittsburg, he concluded one 
day it was time the men had some fresh beef. So riding up to Bri- 
gade [Ieadquarters^Col. Laumau, he addressed him: "1/uuman, my 
men need some fresh beet": "Well," says Laumau, "I haven't got 
any; it can't be had! - ' Shaw replied, "1 can get it." "Well get it." 
said Laumau a little testily. Shaw wheeled his horse and rode back 
to camp and reining up before the quartermaster's tent; 'I anil," he 
called to that oilieial, "get on your and come with me." 
Mounting in obedience to the order, the two took the road leading 
from the river into the country, About two miles out the\ came 
upon a man plowing with a yoke ol oxen. Stopping him. the Colonel 
enquired, "Old man. what do you want for those cattle?'' "Don't 
want to sell 'em sah! Have to make my crop with them." "That is 
not the question," says Shaw, "What will you take dor them'.-'" 
"Can't sell 'em sah," was the reply. "Well," says Shaw, "if you are 
a Union man you will be glad to give them up for the use of the men 
lighting in the Union cause; if you are a rebel they ought to be tak- 
en from you. Unhitch Yin." Seeing no way out ol the trade, the 
old Tennesseean unhooked the oxen and t he Col. and quartermaster 
drove them oil'. Arriving at camp -a detail was quickly made, soon 
eight quarters of beef were hanging up to the adjacent trees. O ne quar- 
ter was issued to each of the sevt n Companies and the eighth was cut 
up for headquarters, held and stall', etc. Callant old Major Broat- 
beek of the l_lth. sat on his horse silently watching the procession 
his mouth watering for a slice of the juicy meat. Unable to stand it 
longer, he rode up to Cot. Shaw . lifting his cap he said, "Col. Slia vv, 
you is the best Col. to your men vat ish." "Sergt., cut 1 lie Major a 
stealc and hand it to him." * )n securing it the Major bowed his 
t hanks and rode away. Then Shaw directed the Sergt. to cut off a 
steak and send it to Brigade Headquarters with the compliments of 
t 'oh Shaw. Thus the Fourteenth obtained their lirst supper of beef at 
the expense of the Confederates: but it wasn't the last. Some 
months later, when we with the comrades of the 1st Brigade were 
hoarding at the Hotel Davis in the old cotton shed at Cahaba, Ala- 
bama, our generous host one morning rolled into the pen several 
ban els of corned beef. We knocked in the heads, when horrors! if a 
ten inch shell had dropped in there sizzling it couldn't have caused a 



bigger scatterment. The aroma that arose from those barrels 
ranked Gen. Lialleek- whom we all swore by those days ami was 
stronger than Sampson that beef was tougher when we tried to 
cook it than the yoke that was on the cattle that Col. Shaw ami 
Buell bought of the old Tennesseean, up at Metal Landing. 

At the lirst charge of Cibbons Brigade on our lines at Shilon, 
( kmirade .) . V . Guthrie of Co. K. 1 It h Iowa, captured the Hag ol one 
of the rebel Uegiiuents. tie only got the colors; a rebel sergeant 
got away with the stall'. Methinks 1 can see brave Guthrie's beam- 
ing" countenance yet, as a minute or two later he lield it up to oui 
view, saving, "See here, boys, I've got their Hag!" lie. folded it up 
and placed It across his breast, buttoning bis jacket over it. In tins 
way it was carried until bis capture at the close of the day, when lie 
destro} ed it. 

A "wounded rebel belonging to Lee's army lay a little distance 
from the roadside on the line of the Coniederate retreat Ironi 
Petersburg to Appomattox. Lie was terribly hurt and called most 
piteously for help. Along the road trudged a Van'kee private be- 
longing to the fnm corps- that immortal body of men who, under the 
inspiration of its commander, the Knightly Griilin, kept up with 
Sheridan's cavaln all through that remarkable pursuit, thereby ren- 
dering the glorious consummation possible the Vankee boy heating 
the plaintive appeal, went over to where the dying man lay. Stoop- 
ing down, he said, "What cay 1 do lot you Johnnie?" "< >h, can't you 
give me a drink 01 water?" Unslinging his canteen, he placed it to 
the parched lips of the sufferer-, who drank to his satisfaction. 
"What else can I do for • you, Johnnie?"' "I'm dying, ^ lllt 
the injured man, "Won't you pray for me?" This was a stun- 
ner. The tender hearted fellow would do anything to alleviate the 
sufferings of his enemy. He would have willingly carried him m his 
arms if it had been any use. but prui/ In cut lid 11' I. In his distress lie 
looked to the road for help. Seeing a squad of our soldiers passing, 
he called to them; and some three or four left theil ranks and went 
to him. When they reached his side. he. said to t In in, "Hoys, In re s a 
coaled. He is djdng. I've given him water, and now he asks me to pray. 
1 can't. Won't one of you fellows pray ?" One of the number was 
equal to the task, fie said. "Boys, let us pray," and t hey all 
knelt down, while a tew words were offered to the Throne on 
High in behalf of their dying foeman. Frauds, inilltiitkKlhv Becom- 
ing Angel would catch Hie words of that prayer and iCiiti (lt< '" "< '' lS 

After Mrs. T. M. Rodgers had sung that beautiful solo. "Veteran- 
Song, "Cen'l. I 1 . M. Drake was then introduced and received a most 
hearty welcome. He spoke brie Uy as follows, on the subject "Iowa 
at 1 'eace and in War": 

I hardly know how to addres? a amp lire like this. It looks like 
I ought to say "ladies and gentlemen," but ladies were not soldier, 
during the war, but they stood behind the soldiers and sometimes 1 
think°they stood in front of the soldiers. At an\ rate, I don't think 
the rebellion would have ever been put down if it hadn't been ba- 
the assistance of the ladies. 

! see that the toast from which 1 am to speak is " Iowa at Peace 
and in War. ' I would have a great deal to say were I to fully reply 
to that toast., but it is late. I am going to say but a few words The 



lirst is to say, that I regard low.i, proud Iowa as tin- greatest state in 
the Union, and that I ;ir, glad to know that I have grown up with it. 
I was on its soil before it was the state- of Iowa. It was Michigan 
territory when I came here, ami thru it was Wisconsin territory, and is Iowa, and has been Lor half a century, During" the war no 
state responded more readily and more in proportion to its popula- 
tion than the state of Iowa. We had much to accomplish. My lirst 
service, in 18(51, the lirst time that 1 was assigned to a command (lur- 
ing the' war I see present today, unexpectedly. General Crentiss - 
assigned me to command St. Joe, in 18151. 1 was not at the Hornets' 
Nest, but here is Col. Shaw that was. and my friend, Col, Moore, from 
the '"hairy nation" Davis county. The Colonel and I lived in the 
"hairv nation." 'That is a part of Iowa, in itself. That was before 
the war. From 184(5 until Sumpter was lired upon, I'ol. Moore and 
myself were humble citizens of the " hairy nation" ami we have nev- 
er been ashamed of it are you. Colonel, ashamed of that nation'.' 
A ml so w e have grown up. 

I believe that since the war the state ot Iowa lias doubled its 
population. We have Less illiteracy in the state of Iowa, and it is so 
pronounced and understood in the United States, ami of we 
put the United States against the world I have a right to. 

Now I am not going to enter into any details in regard to the 
war. It is sullieteut to say that we had over four years of war. I 
know that because I served over four years myself. We had a bloody 
war. We were at V r ar because we were forced to war. and for the 
purpose of settling" the question of the great Declaration of Inde- 
pendence in regard to freedom. It bad been said it had been 
expressed that tins was a land ot freedom, and yet it was nut true, 
and it had been decreed by God Almighty himself that slavery could 
not be wiped out except at the price of blood, and blood was shed, and 
today alter more than four years of blood \ war, lighting our own ties]] 
and blood, lighting our own citizens ol our common country, we have 
a land of liberty ami freedom. The only land under God's heavens 
that can be said is a land of liberty and freedom. It was a des- 
perate engagement, a desperate conflict, bin under God Almighty it 
was a g"rand conllii t, ami while the nation was in tears and in 
mourning, when the sunlight came out and shown upon this grand 
land of liberty and freedom, we all rejoiced: even amid tears we 
rejoiced, and touay we rejoice for this great country, this land 
of liberty and of freedom. 

I think 1 shall say no more: I thank- you for your kind atten- 
tion. (Applause'.) 

At the close of Gen. Drake's speech and when it was suppos- 
ed the meeting was closed, Gen. Prentiss hastily arose, came 
forward and a.-ked the audience to wait a moment, fie then re- 
lated the following i uc id e nt of Gen. Drake's early boy hood: 

Let us not go yet. Time makes might) changes. It was in 
1848: 1 was fortunate enough in those days to Lie a packer of pork, 
down at the mouth of tne [>l-^ Moines river, in Missouri made- con- 
siderable money at it and a couple ot men stole a span of horses. 
I and another person started to catch them. It was late in the 
fall. We wended our way up the Des Moines valley, rapidly as war 
thought, trailing the team. Finally, one cold damp evening- it 
was just commencing to rain and hail together. We had got wet 


riding. We noticed a very kind hearted looking man standing in 
front uf a cabin down near t'entcrville. Iowa Hiding up to the 
gate, there stood a youth \\ it li rag'ged iiihhci uool-s on who it ap- 
peared had been looking after .some stock. I asked the question 
could we iind sheltei lure tonight? "Wo never turn strangers (jut 
such a night as this," was t lie response. We entered the cabin - 
first, our eilort was to look after our horses. The boy with the 
boots on, a young lad, s.ivs, "(; aitleinen, walk in. I will put the 
horses up." Thej wire pul awa_\ and in came Uie young man. In 
the night there was a terrible snow storm. There in the log cabin 
the snow came in between "the cracks: we couldn't sleep while it 
was snowing, [finally, someone came lightl\ into the room with a 
heavy comfort, spread it over the pair that was lying in the bed; 
1 was one, my friend the other; and tucking the comfort around our 
feet, wont out gently. It was the mother ol that Im> v with the rubber 
boots on. that took care ol General Prentiss' horse that 
night, and little did he expect that man was to become Governor 
ol low a. 

The remarks of Gen. Prentiss caused great applause and gave 
a most joyous ending to the camp lire. 


P - 

roora mme. 

Thursday, August 22nd. 

Reveille ami morning gun. 

Forenoon devoted to business meeting of Brigade and of Regiments; 

and social. 
I )inner from 12 m. till 2 P. M. 
2:."'0 i». m. Assemble at Brigade headquarters, 


:> i'. M. — Address by Maj. Cen'l I !. M. Prentiss 


4 p. M. — Form line and march to School House for exercises there 
under the management ol Jasper County Normal. Order of March: 

1. Knights Templar Band. U. fraud Army. 

2. Brig. Band Brum Corps. 7. Women's Relief Corps. 

.'!. Co. L 2nd Ke.n. I. X. G, S. Ladies of the Cirand Army. 
I. Kiii/men in Uniform. !). Hornets" Nest Brigade. 

r>. Normal School. 

Exercises at the School House Grounds: 

Welcome to Brigade for Jasper Co. Normal Prof. D. M. Kelly 


, , l L. Kinkead, Nth Iowa 

Response j ,, M _ Trrrili) 12th !owa 

y y y 

Thursday livening, August 22ml, 7:45 P. M. 

Assemble at Brigade headquarters and march to Opera Uouse. 
Prayer ' Be v. t '. O. Hurrah 


"Johnson's Surrender to Sherman," Col. G. L. Cod J rev. 2nd Iowa, 

Des .Moines. 


"The Long Roll," Prof. A. N. furrier, 8th Iowa. Bean ol faculty, 

State University, Iowa City. 

Recitation Miss Belle Lambert 


•■\Ve took Touch of Elbows.". .Win. T. McMakin, Nth Iowa. Middleton 


IOWA lltUCXKT.S NKST hi;k;al>k 


v <& v 


Newton, Iowa, Auinist illlnd, l<S!)r>. Tli v l$ri»";iile ussenibkld at the 
Opera House at It) .1 m. for the transact Lou of Ini.-ane.sM. The I'uvm- 
tlen.1 , Col. rfhaw, in the (.'hair. The Secretary nre.ienleil the folio win j» 
re])ort : 

Ni'.wi'uN, Iowa. A 11 LiU.-^L ;l\, lfijif). 
'I'n tin- comrades of the Iowa lie, nut-.' Nest Hrigade. 1 submit the following 

Sept '.'. I S00. to cash troni dues 
::. ■■ ■■ order No. 1 

l(l-:i ill' is: 



Jul v n. iH'io ■■ ii 

A Hi',, i. 

Hy balance duo, order s. 





. :J>0 no 

. . *).:>_!_ 

V.\ I'hN'lO'l I'KKs 

Sept . -', IS'.io I > \ balance ilui; secretary 

•■ " l Holt Kililion 

I'rini 1 iii; Hadges 

Kent for lm.ll" 

■■ Sinking Hooks. Turk Moore 

I :.\|nvss charges cm music hooks 

lieceipt '|*|-i .isuri'V \' IV Twombly 

'■ K\|.l":> , I. II |' ItUpltlolS... 

Kxpense ol Secretary 

$17. (HI 

■! HO 



.. 5.00 


us. oil 


s no 

July 11. isn.'i. " IH'W I'oslal.s and l'i -inliug. :2(>.75 

Aug. 7. " Hostage ami stamps 1.55 

■•' 1:1 " Hill ol lialdauf (Hadges) •.':(. si 

II. " " Printing Hadges :J.50 

■• -.M. " '■ Kxpeuse and Services ol Secretary l:i.00 


Oiii - Constitution calls tor a Kcimioii every llirei' years the last one was held 
at Di's Moines Sept -' i'kdo. ami this one should have been hold in isii.'i but 1 In- 
World's Pair coming that •.-••. ir and the hard liim . lollou ing the executive com- 
mittee decided, iinaiiiinoiislv, n would be be I lei to post pom; lie- reunion , 

At a meeting 'ol' the executive committee h Id in Dcs Moines. June Is IHDii tin 
invit it ion was extended bv the citizens ol Nfewlon, through Col. I,'\ .111 to bold our 
reunion lias l.ill at thai pbn \ Tin; com in it tee accept eil the invitation and set the 
dale fur August l\ .nn\ il. ISU5. 

The follow im; i -oiurades were dec U'.i a c-.ommittee on arrangements with l> 
Ky an as chairman : 

l> h'vaii. 

V I'. Twomld v. :-'iul Low a . 

i; I'. Clarksun l:>th Iowa. 

Joe. Mcdarrah. 1 Uh Iowa. 

Robert Hums, 7th Lowa 
At our former reunions 1 had sent 011 1 printed notices to the secretaries of the 
different regiments for distribution hut 1 decided this lime to send the notices 
myself. 1 wrote the secretaries of the different regiments for the list of their 
members, to which they promptly responded. 



July UUi i had 18i)0eards printed giving notice ol our reunion, All. bin about 

150 ol Which were s.'llt lo 111;' comrades ol inr ili I'fi'lVMl iVgi HU'llL-S liclwcell 80 

and 100 cards were seni to in.' newspapers i.irougiiiml Cue stale i.'oiiir.ule ISaer, 
S vv. of inc Hli Iowa., Living in the same plai ■■• i do kindly on .ented in scud out 
the notices for his regiment for whieu i tender Him thanks I tliiiiK t>3* July -0 
the cards were all soul. Allow me to suggest to mie and ail. ii you would always 
U'ive the regiment and company Lo which you belong u would aid the secretary 
very nun Ii ; mail \ nl I he com t ades neglected lo do this 

Another tniug always respond lo any notices sent you by your secr<.'lary, 
promptly Out ol Liu-' large uumbci '..I the notices sent, less than -00 
responded: only aboul 2 > cards were returned uncalled lor. So I think 
the greater number must have reached the conn .ides Lo w honi they wei e senl. 1 
tliiiiK all oJ in • secretaries will indorse me in this suggestion, tli-at in order lopei. 
tect the roll of any regiment tne comrades siiouhl reply promptly, Ki\'"K name, 
town, county, state and company, and unless this is clone no one can succeed in 
making a satisfactory roll lnr himself or others. 

i desire to thank the ohicers ol the Brigade lor the kind assistance rendered 
me in tne performance ol my duties: to the secretaries ..1 Liie regiments of the 
brigade for tueir willingness id aid me ami their promptness in reply iirg Lo .ill my 
communications. Col. Uyan l Ii*. - chairman ol me Committee on Arrangements 
the secretary ol anv ori ui ation is alwaj's ijrouglil in close contact \\ ith the one 
having charge ol any spe- reunions, and 1 can testify lo the Colonel's push and 
energy in his endeavors to make Luis reunion a success. I can assure ymi he is a 
slayer from a. way hack, no light duty for him oi those arouinl linn when there is 
anything to do. ami I thank him lor ins unifoi m kindness ami help t'o me 

Thanks are dm- the following ladies for their kindness, in preparing the 

Airs. Me Mullen. M is. Uaer whose husbands are mem hers .,1 the Uh Iowa, Mrs. 
Moreland, whose husband lormerly belonged to the Tin Iowa: .Mrs i:dd\ and Mrs. 
Turner, the oilier halves belonging to the 8lh Iowa, and the Misses Carrie Noble. 
Matiic Wagoner ami Allies Turner. 

In closing 1 desire to thank the comrades present for theii [irornpl response to 
the notices oi the reunion .'.cut also to i hose who are not present but ai e unavoid- 
ably detained. K. I,. TUKN10K, 

♦ Sect. Iowa Hornets' Nest llngade. 

Tin- report was adopted. The treasurer, V. I'. T'wumbly, being 
absent his report was read by the secretary as follows: 

Dl.s MulNK.S. [lAV.t. August 15lll Ihi 

V. 1'. Twombly. treasurer in account with Iowa Hornets' Nest Brigade. 

Hit C 


Sept 2. 1800. Balance on hand this dale 

'■ • Received from Secretary, K. I. Turner, 
Aug, 15, 1805 .Received interest on balance to dale... 

.. if).:io 


$ 8,50 



. in 



Sept. ,5, 1800, Paid voucher No. 1. W. L. Davis 

■■ 2. K. L. Turner, expense 

i), ■• •■ 3, • ■• " for Crank Moore 

'.). " ■' ■■ '• A. ■■ - ■■ express 

Jan. 27. 1801. " " 5." " " expense 

July 18.1805, " •• •■ ii, "• " " postals and printing 

Aug. 12, ■■ ■' v " ?. ' '• " expense 

■■ 21, ■' Balance on hand this date 10.85 

id ;jo. 05 
Kespectfully submit Led, 

V. P. TWOMBLY. Tieas. 

The report was adopted. 

Col. Shaw and ii. C Lvonnon, of the executive committee, 
having examined the books and vouchers of the secretary and treas- 
urer, made the following report: 

We the undersigned, members ol your ICxecutive Coinmiltee, beg leave tore 
port, tnat we have examined the books and papers ol your secretary and 
lie (.surer, we find everything correct, and all moneys accounted lor by the proper 
vouchers, Wm. T. Shaw. 




The Brigade then proceeded to the election of ollicers: 
Colonels VV. T. Shaw and \V. [Jell were nominated for president. 
Col. Shaw receiving a majority of the votes, was declared elected as 
president. On motion made and seconded, the election of Col. Shaw 
was made unanimous. 

It was moved and seconded that the present vice-presidents 
id the brigade he elected to lill the same positions another term; 
motion carried and the following were declared elected as vice-presi- 
dents of the Brigade: 

2nd Iowa, G. L.GODFREY, Des Moines, Iowa. 
7th Iowa, S. M'Mahon, Ottumwa, Iowa. 
8th Iowa, J. i J. KENNON, Van Horn, Iowa. 
12th Iowa. LI. I'. CLARKSON, Des Moines, Iowa. 

I Hh Iowa, s. M. Chapman, L'lattsmouth, Neb. 

On motion made and seconded, Li, L Turner and V. 1'. Twom- 
BL.Y were re-elected to lill the positions of secretary and treasurer. 
Voted that the Committee on Resolutions consist of one from 
each regiment, and that each regiment make its own selection. 

The secretary was by vote authorized to select an assistant 

COL. GODFREY- -chairman of Committee on Badges stated that 
he had a badge in the shape d*f a hornet, made of metal, and to be 
used as a pin, which he showed to the comrades. After some discus- 
sion, it was voted to continue the Committee, and instructed them to 
have some metal buttons made with a hornets" nest stamped on 
them, similar in size to those worn by the different orders in the lapel 
of the coat. 

Voted to reconsider the vote .is to badge. 

Voted to have the badge made of metal representing a hornets' 
nest and to be used as a pin instead of a button. Comrade Akers. of 
the 7th Iowa, was by vote added to the Committee on Badges. The 
following comprise the Badge Committee: 
G. L. Godfrey, 2nd Iowa. 
J. W. Akkiis, 7th Iowa. 
Dk Witt Stearns, 8th Iowa. 
K. 1'. CLARKSON, 12th Iowa. 
JOE McGaRRAH, 1 1th Iowa. 
Voted to send greetings to the :$Uth Lowa, now holding ;■ reunion 
at Brighton, lowa. 

Tin' several regiments then presented those selected as Commit- 
tee on Resolutions: 

( ;ol. Moore, 2nd lowa. 
.1. VV. A.KERS, 7th lowa. 
W. li. BELL, Sth Iowa. 
T. IV EDfxINCxTON, 12th lowa. 


Samuel Chapman, Mth [owa. 
Moved and seconded that the proceedings of the reunion be pub- 
lished in pamphlet form. .Motion canned. 

Col. Shaw was by vote added to the Committee on Publication 
of Pamphlet. 

There being' no other business, the meeting adjourned. 

H. L. TUKNEK, Secretary. 

Afternoon Exercises. 

The Briu-ude assembled at headquarters at 2:;in p. in., and headed 
by the drum corps, marched to the opera house, where Col. Ryan pre- 
sided during the exercises. As it was ascertained that not one half 
of the crowd could get into the opera house, Gen. Prentiss kindly con- 
sented to speak both there and in the court yard. II is speech in the 
opera house was a grand effort. It was a plea lor more patriotism 
and the (ire, logic, devotion to the Hag, and the intense appeal to 
everyone to be more loyal toour blood-bought country stirred the 
pulse and moved the hearts of the people in a wondrous way. "True 
Americanism" is the way he termed true patriotism. The climax id' 
the afternoon was reached when he stepped to one side of the stage, 
took in his hands a beautiful silk Hag, carried it to the center of the 
stage and called upon the vast audience to take the pledge of loyalty 
with him. It was a picture, indeed, to see the martial figure of that 
white haired war veteran standing with his hands lovingly upholding 
"Old Clory." After the audience had risen at his request, he 
solemnly repeated the vow of allegiance, and then, led by him, the 
men joined in three cheers that made the rafters ring, while the 
ladies wildly waved their handkerchief.-). 

Gen. i>. M. Prentiss. 

Mr. President, Ladies and (i<inll<:meii, ami Comrades of tke Hornets' 
Nest Brigade: 

To me, reunions have ceased to be a pleasure. It is true, in obedi- 
ence to the request and call of friends I attend them, but memory 
comes 11 tit ranniK led when 1 am at a reunion and a sad feeling arises. 
Not Irom what we have done as soldiers, more from present condition 
of affairs in our own country. By way of explanation let me say, I 
am lure attending the reunion of the loua Brigade of the Hornets' 
N> st. 1 have but little to say of Slriloh thong'h I claim to know much 
of it; 1 believe 1 was there. I have a recollection of being there, at 
least, ami I have this to say. You have been re-unioning with a bri- 
gade that represents a position, a brigade that saved the army of the 
Tennessee on the Bth ot April, 1862. (Applause) Those words have 



never been uttered by me in public before. I know whereof 1 .speak 
and at my age, knowingthat I am soon to pass away, knowing what i 
do of the conditions at that day, and of the trials, and gallant 
services of men noon that occasion, 1 ran truthfully say, this regi- 
ment was located in what, was called the Hornets' Nest o I the battle- 
field oi Shiloh that saved the Army of the Tennessee. I had waited 
for others to say that for us. But you must bear in mind the defend- 
ers of that position stood. A\\d were captured, taken to tie- South and 
put into prison, no one to write for them whilst there. The nation 
being engaged in a terrible war: oilier battles were fought Those 
at home make the report. We that were there in the South could not 
he heard. Every regiment had its say upon that occasion and that i.s 
what has caused so much discussion concerning Shiloh . i was pleased, 
yesterday, listening to the paper read by Judge Kyan. While it is 
true, perhaps we, some of us, might differ with him as to the propriety 
of discussing questions that, have been discussed for thirty years. 
You ask me the question today in the presence of the Brigade of 
Iowa, known as t lie Hornets' Nest Brigade: "General Prentiss, was 
it a surprise at Shih)hv' My answer would be: No general on the 
Union side for one moment entertained the idea that the battle was 
to be fought upon the ground where it was fought. I occupied the 
extreme front that morning and at f>:ll the battle commenced. It 
commenced a mile upward anil a little in front of any encampment 
on that battlefield, and he that intimates that any of our soldiers 
were found asleep in their camps and drawn from their tents to enter 
that battle, lie is a slanderer of the soldiers that, fought, that you 
young people might enjoy the liberty you do today. 

Ladies and gentlemen, 1 have often been amused in visiting 
places, picking up pamphlets, pictorial pamphlets, in which was a 
picture of General I'rentiss being drawn from his tent at head- 
quarters on the field of Shiloh, by two long haired fellows and taken 
to the South. Today there cannot be found a publication throughout 
the entire southern states that has one sentence or utterance of dit- . 
credit towards the man that held the Hornets' Nest of Shiloh. 
I visited them on the tith of April last. I talked perhaps to eight or 
nine thousand of people. The Confederate soldiers were there. I was 
speaking of Shiloh and was very particular as to my utterances upon 
that occasion. 1 talked just as radical as I used to talk to you people 
of Iowa in the years past. When I was through, every thing that 1 
said there was endorsed by north and south. They knew that we 
were telling the truth, and when you hear Union nun caking excep- 
tion to men that defended the Hornets' Nest on the field of Shiloh, 
put it down that they were not in that Hornets' Nest at the last hour 
and a half of that day. 1 know whereof 1 speak. 

Ladies and Gentlemen, I am not to speak of Shiloh. 1 want to 
appeal to the young people of this country. 1 want to say to you that 
if 1 could have my way. the action and conduct of every old soldier 
would be such that you could follow his example. 1 am told, Mr. 
Chairman, you have a Normal school here, or an assembly of normal 
students. I would that every one of them were seated in my presence 
today. To you teachers of the country, let me make an appeal. In 
behalf of posterity, the hour has come, the day is, when we must turn 
oyer a new leaf in this land id' ours. I do not enjoy the army stories 
at reunion^. I do not enjoy the talk that causes us to smile and 
laugh at army scenes. It is too serious a matter. Those of my age 
that look back know the troubles through which we have passed. 


We can say to you younger people something of the cost of this 


I don't know how many there are on the pension list, but 1 am not 
on it for the war of the rebellion. I kept oil of it for this reason: 1 
am not yet willing, as a general officer, to receive a pension as loiiff 
as there is a private soldier that is deprived of his pension. (Ap- 
plause.) No application of mine is on file at the Department ol 
Washington. 1 have been asked, too, to allow the Congressmen, in this 
wonderful state of Iowa, to let them introduce a bill to grant me a 
magnificent pension. No, ladies and gentlemen, 1 could not accept it 
as long as the private soldier is deprived of his pension. Patriotism 
is what is needed in this country. You people of the normal school, 
you younger ladies of the country, take for example the defense of 
this nation by the old soldiers, ami particularly those that defended 
it at the Hornets' Nest of Shiloh. A gentleman intimated to me this 
morning that some one was intimating to him, that we who held there 
so long were taking too much credit to ourselves. Great heavens! 
Why didn't you look after our reputations whilst we were down south 
suffering, and yournp here living off the fat of the land? Patriotism 
of the right kind is needed in this country. What is that? An edu- 
cated patriotism. That is what, it is. No man in this country lias a 
right, under the laws of our land, to be a brute in feeling. No man 
has the privilege und^r the guise of liberty in this country to make a 
home unhappy. Too many unhappy wives and children in this coun- 
try today. Educate to a higher plane. What will do it? 1 will tell 
you. Look at that flag, every one of you: plant it in every school 
room of America. Keep it there. Explain to the rising generation 
what it means. Not only the emblem of liberty, but the emblem of a 
nation's pride. It was that Hag that you men suffered in upholding. 
Teach it to the children of this country that the soldier that raised 
his hands and eyes to Almighty God, took the oath of allegiance be- 
neath that Hag, swore to defend it, protect it and serve his country 
beneath its folds; let the children understand that that obligation 
meant something more than mere battle. It meant to lead the ar- 
mies on, to educate the public of this land. Normal students, listen. 
In twenty years from today it will be impossible, unless we educate 
differently, to make the young man of the country and the young la- 
dy of the country understand that this great nation of ours, this 
proud and mighty country of ours, ever endorsed that deadly institu- 
tion of slavery as it existed at one time. It will he impossible to 
make them believe that t he American people ever placed upon the 
auction block the mother, stripping the infant from the breast, and 
selling that mother as a chattel. Educate. We are making great 
progress; think of it, you normal students. In 184!) it took some of 
your fathers and friends [our months to cross the mighty plain, seek- 
ing a few dollars in the hills of California. Today you can start at 
Boston Monday morning Friday afternoon you take supper in the 
beautiful city of .San Eraneisco, California. What did it? You 
boys that took the oath of allegiance beneath that flag. You boys that 
carried it successfully and won the victory and sustained the 
union of states. Since that day, all over this mighty country, you 
can tr.iv 1 by steam, by rail. Think of it. What caused it? Sus- 
taining the union of States. Yes, says some. Now don't be alarm- 
ed. 1 have got too much sense to switch oil on to a side track here'. 
Someone says, oh, it costs so much money. We have got to have 
more. Go to work and earn more, everyone of you in this country. 
That i- what is wanted. (Applause.) I never heard of two soldiers 



complaining of this government. Why, God bless you normal stu- 
dents, we have got the best government on the face of the earth. 
Surpassing all nations in everything that pertains to greatness. 
We have the greater men; we have the better soil: we have the 
greatest extent of country, more lines of railroad, more: telegraph 
communication, more telephones, longer and better and hand- 
somer rivers than any nation on earth, and decidedly better look- 
ing ladies than any on the face of God Almighty's earth. What 
is it made them happy: 1 Not money. Not money. I don't know. 
my dear brother, but what there is tod much money in the country. 
1 can get along with a nickle. I have oiilj ten cents today that I 
can call my own. Poverty. I have suffered the stings of "poverty 
m this nation that I claim to have done some little to defend, and 
yet there is not wealth enough in the nation to make me repudiate 
one single dollar of national indebtedness. Patriotism is what is 
needed in this country and none better, gentlemen of the Iowa 
Hornets' Nest Brigade, none better to "keep it in the state of Iowa 
than you. Kvery true soldier understand.-, that. Great God, what 
a country we have, but, oh, sometimes how it is managed. (Ap- 
plause) 1 could run this country I think I could run it if I had 
the privilege. 1 once thought 1 had got the privilege but they 
sent me to prison and I couldn't get out in time. (Applause.) 

Yesterday a gentleman handed me this program. 1 noticed 
that Capt. McCormick was not to be here and your president ask- 
ed me if 1 would respond tor him. His subject way "After Shiloh, 
prison." Gapt. McCormick was to respond. L consented to respond 
but afterwards we made a -change. 1 wanted to go home. Had 1 
responded to that 1 would have" had to tell you army stories. 
1 was thinking of it, but when rellecting, gentlemen, something 
else must he said and done at reunions besides' telling army stories, 
besides misrepresenting certain scenes, J thought I had better not 
embark in that direction and thus I stayed over a day to talk to 
you soldiers today. 

Gentlemen of this Hornets' Nest Brigade of Iowa, I like every 
one of you. I doubly respect and like those that were captured 
with me there at Shiloh. J know what you passed through in those 
prisons; 1 know what your fare was; I know how your Colonel suf- 
fered; I know what they lived on; the kind of "soup they had. f 
know full well that I sold a nice gold watch to get Confederate 
scrip to keep an Iowa soldier alive, and that colonel was the 
colonel of the 8th Iowa— J. L. Geddes. God bless him. He suffered: 
scores suffered. Ferguson died in prison. Oh, the sights that we 
behold when we reflect. Today for the first time ['learned that 
you had a Tennesseean in the 8th Iowa, thiee of them. One was 
captured and shot, by the name of Roland. The other is a nice 
gentleman living in Tennessee today. I was telling him thai we 
met from three to four hundred of chose poor east Ten nesseeans hi 
a starving condition. We divided our rations with them, i am 
telling this that you young people may know what these people 
passed through. You Officers remember there when we tore up the 
floor and we received our first rations, we divided it with the hungry 
Tennesseeans by dropping it tn rough the hole in the floor, flow they 
grabbed for that provision. The)' were American citizens. They 
had been misled, some of them of the south, as they acknowledge 
today and I those who misled them. Let me tell 
you, it is the arrant demagogue of our countr}' who causes all the 


trouble. There were not to exceed 150 men that were responsible 
ior that great rebellion. They were Led astray. Appeals were 
made to them. .Oh, how pleasant, then, they receive this informa- 
tion today. Tell it to them. The}' will listen and realize the truth 
as it is told, and they prolit by it, too. 1 may say this. Down there 
upon that bloody held of Shiloh, in that county, from the day of 
the battle up to the present time, it has been a loyal county to 
the union of the United States of America, and is today. 1 would 
that every county in the state was in the same condition. Hut 
how can we ^.et them there? Educate. That is what it is. Go with 
me down into my state. Ryan, 1 told a soldier today 1 lived in 
Missouri. Says he, the devil you do. Says he, what are you living 
there for? Why, people of Iowa, let me tell you. We have a graiul 
population in the state of Missouri. We have one of the grandest 
States of the union, made so by the war: that is what made it. We 
got rid of that pecular institution whose darkness seemed to pre- 
vail in certain districts of the state, even to this late day. thirty 
years after it has been swept from American soil. We suiter from 
it yet but we are rid of the institution by law and we are coming to 
the front. Mark what i tell you. Seventy-six years of age but 
there are listening to me today a hundred people that will live to see- 
the state of Missouri the second state of the Union in population, 
wealth and grandeur. It is coming. We have a grand country. 
Why, people of Iowa, we are' decent people down there. We go to 
church down in Missouri. We have abundance of ministers. We 
don't pay them quite enough, and you normal students, let me tell 
you, don't come to Missouri expecting to teach school. Why God 
bless you, we are grinding out school teachers there, a hundred to 
where there ds one can get employment. Abundance of them. We 
are educating in that wonderful state. When 1 went to the 
slate of Missouri I couldn't have taken that beautiful banner in 
my hand and talked plainly without being insulted. Today I can 
go into any township of the state of Missouri; 1 can defend that 
flag, 1 can sa} r what 1 please in its defense: 1 can portray the horrors 
of the old institution; I can persuade those people how they were 
misled in the rebellion. They listen and as I raise the Hag and ask 
them to renew allegiance to it, not a soul will refuse, not one. Why, 
what lias become of them. I will tell you what has become of them. 
Those that don't like the Hag, they don't go to meeting. That is. to 
my kind of meeting. So help me God, ladies, if 1 was a minister of 
the gospel, no sermon would ever be preached by me unless the stars 
and stripes were in my pulpit. (Loud applause) 

Now, friends, it is patriotism we want in this county-, it is not 
republicans. It is not democrats It is not that other set. (Laugh- 
ter) It is not them we want. You people of Iowa found that out. 
Hut 1 will tell you what we want. We want christian people (rue to 
the Hag, true to the country, true to the union school.-, of the coun- 
try, true to the churches, true to humanity, true to their families. 
Confound the lazy, trilling cuss that will marry a decent woman and 
have a family and fail to support them well, he ought to join the 
other (Laughter.) 

Ladies and gentlemen, now, you see, I claim to be a patriot, and I 
claim for the Iowa brigade that every mother's son of them is a true 
patriot, and if any of them dodge, just put them beneath the Hag and 
administer the oath anew again. Thus let me appeal to the young. 
Take the advice of an old man, Tti years of age, talkingto you here to- 
day and appealing for his country. 1 know the danger that threatens 


this land today. It is a dangerous element that comes to this country, 
not knowing what liberty means in this land. That is what it is. tie 
that is a true American likes every American institution in this conn- 
try and he likes to protect them, too. Now don't take that in a polit- 
ical sense, but it will apply awfully well it yon did. (Applause) 
Why, young man, L am a true American. I like everything that is 
made in America. All you fellows like bicycles, don't you? If yon 
don't you are different from us Missouri lads: and, ladies, let me say to 
you, 1 have made up my mind, the lirst extra 10, 20 or lib dollars 1 get, 
to buy a second-hand bicycle and commence riding. (Laughter) 1 
want to encourage American institutions. 1 want to keep the money 
at home and make a market for every American that is willing to 
toil for a dollar, and confound the fellow that wants somebody to give 
him a dollar. 

Ladies and gentlemen, patriotism is what we need. Is a man a 
patriot that will go to Ohio, to New England, and borrow a thousand 
dollars, come home, mortgage his home to pay it, when he fails to 
pay the interest and principal, goes to damning them for loaning him 
a thousand dollars? What do you think of such a fellow? Ladies, 
never marry one of the young men of that kind. Let them alone. 
Those fellows will wojfk out their own salvation after they have 
starved a year or two. True Americanism is what we want; true pa- 
triotism is what we need in this country, bet us sustain every insti- 
tution that defends right and justice. As I am to talk in the square, 
let me appeal to you old soldiers, if you don't like the laws of this 
country, obey them anyhow. (Cries, •"That is right!") Obey every 
law. Don't violate the laws of our country. Don't violate the laws 
of Cod. Do right. Administer justice everywhere. If you have got 
an old justice of the peace that hasn't sense enough to administer 
the laws of this country, or a constable or a sheriff, and I know you 
haven't here in Jasper county, but if you have, the sooner you get 
them out of possession the better for the rising generation. 

Ladies and gentlemen, I am pleased to have met you here this af- 
ternoon. 1 know it is warm. 1 have an esteemed comrade here. I am 
not going to let Ryan introduce him. lie has been a general in the 
army, lie was in the eastern army. 1 le is a better looking gentleman, 
if possible, than the one now talking to you: and that is an acknowl- 
edgment that 1 don't often make. But I have known my friend so 
long, lie is a good natured gentleman. I believe he will endorse ev- 
ery utterance I have made, with the exception of the little rough 
language that I have put in here and there, but I will seek forgive- 
ness for that. Von know 1 am a pretty good Methodist and they, 
when they get a little oil' of their base and get a little excited, some- 
times say things that had better not be said. If I have said it today, 
and it wounds the feeling of anyone here or. sounds harsh, forgive me. 
1 have a right to talk plain.. Let me ask again of you young people 
of the country, get von a Hag, look at it. and see if it doesn't come up 
- 1 don't know that I can quote the stanza a little boy of mine com- 
posed and said, that is pretty good, get that oil' over in Iowa. 1 got 
it oil' in one or two places of the state, too. It is this: 

"Take the Hag.; put it in your pulpit; put it i" the school house, and learn your 
children to exclaim, as 1 do mine: 

Now, great emblem of the brave. 
With purpose lixed we stand: 
Keady to liatlle, ready to save 

The pride and honor of this land 
Wave o'er the country from on high, 

Wave o'er the halt and lame. 
Wave on! We will battle till we die 
To save that honor -fame.'' 



God bless the Hay of our country! Don't you ssa.y so. too:" Now, 
with me, as one oi the defenders oi the Hay, 1 have one request to 
make. L want every one in this audience, in the presence oJ (Uncial 
B. M. Prentiss, that loves that Hay, 1 want him lo hurrah. Old and 
young, arise to your feet. Now with me, renewing our allegiance to 
the Hag ox our country, give three cheers to the Hay ;i> L cheer. 
Wait ami you ladies yet your handkerchiefs in your hands you 
needn't cheer, but just wave your handkerchiefs as the men cheer. 
Boys and gentlemen, all together three cheers for the Hay of our na- 
tion anil its laws! (Hip, hip, hurrah! hurrah! hurrah!) 

Now, ladies and gentlemen, having that pledge from von. 1 can 
go to Missouri a happy man. 

Col. Ryan then introduced Gen. Osborn, ot Chicago, in the follow- 
ing words: 

"1 now have the extreme pleasure of introducing one oi my old 
friends from Illinois, General Osborn, "*v ho was appointed by General 
Grant minister to Buenos Ayres; the handsome and accomplished 
gentleman who was minister there for sixteen years in succession. 
General Osborn, my friends. Gome forward, m^ General. 1 have 
talked him to steep nearly. 'Ladies and gentlemen, General Osborn, 
of Chicago.'' 

General < >sborn. 

Ladies and Gentlemen : 

Since coming here 1, too, have- caught the spirit, and I would 
gladly talk to you, but Judge Ryan wont let me. So 1 hid you good- 
al ternooii. 

Judge Rvan. 

''Laditb and Gentlemen : 

" That is a Next uu the program is music." 

After music, the meeting adjourned to the court yard, where 

General Prentiss spoke to an immense crowd. 

After that, preparations were begun for the parade, and in a 
short time it u as formed, and an imposing procession it made. The 
order was as follows: 

Marshals- M. A. McCord and O. C. .Meredith. 

K. T. Hand, led by Drum Major on horseback. 

Co. L, T. N. G. 

Newton hire- Department. 

Normal Institute Students, three hundred strong, headed 

by Miss Walsh in a carriage. 

( i.irretl Post, G. A. R. 

\V. R. C. 

L. of G. A. R. 

Martial Band of nine pieces. 

Hornets' Nest Brigade. 

The line of march was taken just as advertised and terminated 

at the east side of the school house, where seats had been built to 


accommodate the crowd. The exercises were under the direction oi 
Normal school. A fter a spirit eel duet given by two Little daughters 
of S. K. Laird. Prof. I). M. Kelly extended the following welcome to 
the Brigade in behalf of the Normal. The address was permeated 
with a spirit of the truest patriotism and noblesl manhood: 

LudU'Ji and (U nlh Yiien: 

As a young man 1 feel most highly honored hy the invitation ex- 
tended to me to appeal' on this occasion as a representative oi that 
loyui brigade of Jasper county teachers, voicing as best 1 may the 
respect, veneration and lo\e they bear for that immortal brigade ot 
•frizzled veterans who honor us and the cause we represent by the 
very fact of their presence. 

We can say to you nothing that is new. We can add no new hon- 
ors to these .soldiers living' or to their comrades dead. We can sur- 
round with no new glory a subject that is already glorified in every 
loyal heart that throbs and heats beneath the .Stars anil Stripes. 
We can oiler you, our honored guests, only tin tribute ol praise and 
gratitude that is due from our generation to your generation. We 
can oiler you only the tribute of praise that is due from the protect- 
ed to the protectors livyig and the protectors dead. 

What we have gleaned from the pages of history, you men who 
honor us with your presence, gleaned from the pages ol hitler exper- 
ience. What we have heard of the ravages and the spirit of war, 
you saw and with your own eyes. You were the actors in that great 
and awful tragedy of civil strife. We are but the camp followers 
reaping the rewards of your exertions. 

1 a iii afraid that we sometimes forget what courage, devotion 
and patriotism were displayed by our soldiers in the late war. Some 
of them returned and they are with us yet. Some returned but their 
stay was only brief. Some died upon the held of battle and ashes 
mingle with ashes in the long and ghastly trench. Some died' in 
prison, cruel, cruel death! and their forms are now mouldering in the 
bosom of their mother Karth. Some died from pestilence 
and exposure and are now resting peacefully in graves unknown and 
uncared for. 

It must be hard to die, even at home in the arms of father or 
mother, but what must it be to die far from home and mother, without 
a friend to lift the sinking head; without a hand to -wipe the death 
dew from the failing eyes: torn by bullets and sabers: crushed by Hy- 
ing splinters and the trampling hoof. Homeless, friendless, name- 
less, dying. No one to see. no eve to pity, but the eye ot the (Ireat 
God of battles. 

Oh, it is hard to die! The green fields, the singing birds, the 
happy homes are hard to yield for that narrow house and the 
crawling worm. The bright flowers nod their heads to us and bid 
us stay. The blue sky spreads wide her arms and entreats us not to 
die. There is something in the heart of every sane man that tells 
him he must live. "Self preservation is the first law of human na- 
ture,'' yet these soldiers did not falter in the time of danger. Tin- 
father kissed his baby and then was ready for the sacrifice. The son 
received his mother's blessing and went out to battle for his country. 
for his home, for liberty and for us. and are we truly grateful? Do 
we realize the good they gave us? Would yon cross the ocean into 
England, ITance, Germany the Stars and Stripes are at once yoiir 
passport and safeguard, [uthc fastnesses of the Himalayas or in 



the jungles of the Amazon, wrapped in the flag of the United States, 
you are safe in time of danger. At home or abroad, in peace or in 
war, that (lag is ever your faithful guardian and friend. 

It has been steeped in loyal blood; it has been powder stained and 
bullet torn; it has been furled in honorable defeat and reared aloft 
in many a hard won victory; it lias waved over the heights ol Look- 
out Mountain and sunk beneath the dark waters of the Mississippi; 
but thank God no stain now mars its striped Held, no jewel is missing 
from its starry crown. On Shi'oh's battle ground, an emblem of jus- 
tice, it lay folded close in the heart of every loyal son of Iowa, tied 
round with the tenderest cords of his affection and sealed with a vow- 
never to surrender it up until that heart wascold-and stilfin death. 

Upon every school-house in the state of Iowa, that banner 
should float, float, an emblem of patriotism, of liberty and of unsul- 
lied honor. 

In the great ledger of Justice from IStiO to 1805, liberty is credit- 
ed by names and deeds that years of infamy will not over balance. 

Turn to that page, 'tis open to all heading these lists of credits 
will be found the name of Lincoln; following close after comes 
the name of your beloved commander Grant. Memories cluster 
round those names, "Memories of the days that tried the souls 
of men." Here is a cluster of names blotted and tear stained and 
we know that Shiloh's dead are entered here: iiimn this crimson 
page the heroes of Gettysburg; upon that the slain on the fatal 
held by Fredericksburg. Oh, my soldier friends, praise is all that 
I can give you. 1 never heard the whistle of an enemy's bullet, 
you heard many. I never ministered to the wantsoi a friend, cut 
down in defense of the old Hag. You ministered to the- wants of a 
brother, you moistened his lips from your old canteen and you buri- 
ed him far from home and friends, all because, he loved that old Hag. 
I never saw a comrade starving, rotting, dying iii a prison pen be- 
cause he refused to take the oath of allegiance to a state in rebel- 
lion. You did. You tried it yourselves, many of you to the extreme 
limit of endurance, your bowed forms and shrunken limbs ^t i 1 1 testify 
thereto. I never even did battle for my country or mv home. You 
diil both, upon the hillside, hi the valley and by the stream. Your 
bunk mate lies buried by the l' 1 iher of Waters, your comrades in the 
swamps of Alabama and th : cotton fields of Georgia. Where e're 
they rest 'tis hallowed gron id. watered by t heir blood and a nation's 
tears. Teachers, never bef :e have we been so honored. We 
have now before us the grandest object lesson of patriotism that 
our time shall ever know. Let the lesson sink deep into your 
hearts and establish there a renewed determination to teach well 
the great lesson of lowfor America audf'or American institutions. 

Here In the shadow of this sanctuary, the grandest in America, 
made possible by the patriotism and devotion of these men and such 
as these; here in the shadow of the free school, the birth-plaee_ of 
American liberty: here in the shadow of this school house, from which 
floats, thanks to' these men and such as these, that beautiful emblem 
of red, white and blue: here in the presence of these teachers, whose 
sentiments I am called on to express, in their names and in the 
names of the school children of Iowa, I place my hand upon the walls 
of this building, the free school of America, and proclaim honor to 
you as friends, love to you as soldiers, and veneration to you a? patri- 
otic defenders of liberty and union! 


Prof. Kelly's address of welcome wai responded to by L. Kinkead, 
8th Iowa, and R. M. Terrill, of the 12th Iowa. We regret that we 
cannot present them as both were good, but all our efforts to get 
their manuscripts have failed. They will be court martialed at our 
next reunion, for disobedience of orders. 

The Brigade at the close of the exercises marched to headquart- 
ers and disbanded. 



Camp F i re. 

V V V 

The Brigade assembled at head quarters at T:.'i() p. m. ami escort- 
ed by the drum corps, marched to the opera house Col. Ryan presided 
at the ( lamp fire. 

The exercises were opened I » \ an earnest prayer by Rev. llarrah, 
followed Ijy a solo, "Tenting on the Old Camp (Ground," Ijy Pred 
Elough. The speaker introduced was ( 'ol. Codfrey. of the lid Iowa. 
"Johnson's Surrender to Sherman.'' The main points are only given in 
the papeV at tin.- request of the Col,: 

" Johnson's Surrender to Sherman" by Col. G. L. Godfrey." 

Ladies and (U ull< mt n. ami Cuvtnulix: 

I appear before von to night under rather embarrassing circum- 
stances, not so much so now. not so embarrassing since 1 have been 
here ami met your people ami received the cordi ■! hospital- 
ity that 1 have, as I was when 1 started from home. A 
little embarrassing because Mr. Ryan presided here tonight. 
There may lie difficulty between Ryan and me. he being the chairman 
he has got the advantage of me, hut 1 want to say to tin- members of 
the Hornets' Nest Brigade, that you will never appreciate, you will nev- 
er fully know ami cannot appreciate because you do not know the 
work that this chairman has done to forward the interest of getting 
up this reunion. Now if he has written you half as many letters, as 
he has me in regard to it, he must have employed ali the typewriters 
in Newton, and 1 do not know but that is the case. Why it got so in 
the morning mail, if the children in bringing in the mail didn't see a 
letter with Dave Ryan's name in the upper corner of it, they would 
say, " What do you suppose is the matter with Mr. Ryan? Is he sick?" 
That is the fact. He was in great distress about getting somebody 
to talk- for the 2d Iowa. 1 proposed this man, and thai in, in. and 
other men, and he couldn't get lixed, and finally I told him I had a 
paper that I had prepared to read before another military organiza- 
tion, that would take from ten to fifteen minutes, and that as a 
last resort 1 could briny that paper down. Well, now the cordial 
reply I got to that was, "Well, Colonel, bringdown the paper and il 
we can't do any bettei we will let you read it." Well, that was pretty 
good. 1 felt pretty good over thai. That was only equalled, though, 
by the earnest solicitation 1 had from another member from Newton 
about my coming here, and that is a member also that I have seen 
working in the interests of this organization since 1 have been 
here — 1 refer to Col. Manning. Now Mr. Llyan came up to 
l)es Moines and came before tin- committee and asked tin- 



committee to bring the organization here this time. I le says, "The 
people ill Newton will entertain the rioruets' Nest Brigade, free.'" 
oli. says 1, "That won't do; what authority have you got for saying 
that?' lie say s. "I have got the authority of the mayor and every- 
Ik>I\ in Newton.'' " What will yon do with us? Von liaven't got a 
hotel large enough.'' "Well, we will parcel you out anion;; the peo- 
ple." Well the committee decided to come here. A few weeks alter 
that, Col. Manning came to Des Moines -it was during the state con- 
vention he came into a room hi the Savery lions,' where I was 
sitting. Now you know the Colonel has got one of the nio.-t beaming 
laces in the world; he is a handsome man also, but lie has got a 
pocket in that face where he keeps his stock all stored and disguised, 
and he can open that pocket and spread it all over his face better 
than a 113 other man thai I ever saw. lie came in and he had his face 
disguised, when lie saw me sitting there. Sa\s I. "Cood morning." 
"(ioo.i morning." " When did you come up?'' ".lust got in." said he; 
"We had a meeting down to Newton this morning.'' "A meeting?'' 
" Yes." "Well, what about?" "Oh. about your confounded Brigade." 
" Well, what of it?" I£e savs, "It falls to my lot to have to entertain 
you while down there.'' Well that was encoui aging, but I told him if 
J could st tnd it t wo days, I the ight he could. Well, I have been here 
and I have been to his house two days and he is stiil alive and so am I. 
thanks to his good wife, And I feel as though 1 wanted the 
largest hearted man !itj to offer smn.: resolutions ot thanks. 
I bdi"/e there is a c uuinlttee appointel, though. Well, 1 
hope the committee ifrill cover all these thing- in their thanks, 
and then" is one thing further that I hope they will not forget 
that struck me. and that is this. The recitation we had last 
night, on "rfhiloh Battlefield at Night." I had never heard it before. 
I hope there did not any of you see me sitting back here in the corner 
wiping my eyes at the recitation of that. II you did, I hope you will 
not call me a baby. But it was grand. Now the mayoi told in his 
opening .speech, "Boys, if you see anything that you want, take it. 
If yon can't reach it. ask any ol the citizens of Newton to hand it 
down to you." Now 1 want to ask some of the citizens of Newton 
to hand down that beautiful young lady that recited that piece to 
ns last night that w<; may shake hands with her and thank' her for 
the entertainment that she gave us. [Applause.] 

But now to this paper. 1 am not going to read it all. 

The Col. then read a paper on t be surrender of Johnson to Gen. 
Sherman. The paper sustained Gen. Sherman in his first agreement 
with .John-ou. which agreement was disapproved by [.'resident 
Johnson, (President Lincoln having been killed > few days previous to 
Johnson's surrender.) That Sherman had consulted with Lincoln 
just a few davs before, at City Point, the paper took the grounds 
that Sherman was carrying uut the policy of President Lincoln and 
sustained this view by liberal quotations from the conversation •» be" 
tween Lincoln, Grant and Admiral Porter, had at City Point, just a 
few days previous to the surrender, and in closing the paper censured 
severely the newspapers which published the unfriendly criticisms 
against Sherman, and also Secretary of War Stanton and Gen. llal- 
leck for tbei." ill conduct toward Gen. Sherman, asbrave and patriotic 
a commander as ever led an army. 

62 IOWA HORNETS' nest brigade. 

Prof. A. N. Currier gave us the following excellent paper, which 

gave evidence of much thought in its preparation; 

"The Long Roll." 
Ladies and Gentlemen: 

I am really afraid that some of these younger people will remem- 
ber the old soldier who fought a little a good many years ago, and 
ever since that time have talked about it when they got a chance, 
but you have made a very grave mistake if you make so severe a 
judgment against us. This is only one of our spells, but as the 
Hornets' Nest Brigade have only one of these spells, once in three 
years, I think you may put up with it, but still 1 am afraid that after 
these speeches are over, you may think a new definition of speeches 
which I have heard will be very appropriate, ft is a definition that 
is not found in Webster or the Standard dictionary, or the Encyclo- 
pedia or the Century, but is taken from the bicycle. Somebody has 
slid, that a great many speeches are pneumatic tires. I will say to 
you that my "tire" shall be very short, because 1 heard what Col. 
Ryan said, and having risked my life a few times thirty years ago 1 
do not propose to endanger it tonight. When this speech was assigned 
me — for I did not choose it myself — I only accepted it because, as 
a soldier, 1 had learned that when Col. Bell gave the command I must 
obey. It would seem a grievous sin against the proprieties to make 
the beating of the Long Roll the prelude to a speech, in war times, 
certainly, it was never a call to words, but a cry to arms, to arms! 
that put the blood astir in our veins and sent it tingling to our 
finger tips. After these thirty years of peace, it calls up anew and 
most vividly many a stirring scene and hard fought struggle, but at 
this moment, most of all, the bloody field of Shiloh— to most of us the 
first experience of a real battlefield. The Long Roll on that memora- 
ble morning came to us as an utter surprise. There had, indeed, been 
some stray shots on the picket line during the night, and we heard the 
firing at the front that took place when the outmost regiments were 
surprised while yet asleep in their camps. But there was no thought 
of a general engagement in which we should share. The routine of 
Sunday morning went on quite undisturbed. Divine services were an- 
nounced for 11 o'clock and inspection was going on on the color line 
of the 8th when the order came from Brigade headquarters, directing 
the beating of the Long Roll and preparations for an immediate 
march to the battlefield. There was a quiver in Adjt. Sam Rankin's 
voice as he reported the order and Cooney's nervous lingers for a 
moment forgot their cunning but it was only for a moment and then 
the Roll was beaten in dead earnest that said, "to arms, to arms!" 
with more emphasis than any words could i\o. They thrilled us like 
an electric shock and it seemed as if their echo reached regiment 
after regiment and brigade after brigade as the call sounded again 
and again and the excitement and bustle surge, 1 through all that 
great camp, which up to that moment had seemed more like a great 
picnic than a theatre of war. Everybody was greatly excited, but if 
there was fear in their heart there was none in the faces or the 
actions of our men. Those who had been ill and off duty, claimed to 
be well again, and those on special duty asked to be released from 
their details. One thing alone weighed upon our spirits, Col. Ceddes 
was under arrest and we might be compelled to go into battle without 
him We all felt that it would be a great misfortune to be deprived 
of his experience, his skill and his bravery at such a crisis. But, 
however, he is released from arrest and amid the shouts of the men 



leads us to the Held. L shall not attempt to describe the events of 
that bloody Held. Marke.d as it was by serious disaster, it was still 
more marked by the high courage and stubborn resistance against 
superior force. Those of us who fell into the hands of the enemy on 
Sunday evening had not then, and have not now, any apology to idler 
for that misfortune. We could not be driven from our post h\ the 
repeated and violent attacks of the enemy. We indicted losses out 
of all proportion to those we suffered. Those who did not die in their 
tracks were overwhelmed and captured with their faces to the foe. It 
was otii' misfortune and not our fault that we did not share in the 
dearly bought victory of Monday. Serious as were the Union losses 
from the lack of foresight and preparation on the part of Grant and 
Sherman, as well as from the courage and skill of the etieinv. Shiloh 
was ,i victory of great consequence to our cause' Grant's pluck and 
capacity in action were displayed in a greater battle than heretofore, 
but more than all else, the metal of the western armies was tested 
in a supreme effort and found to be of the ii nest and best. The bluster 
and swagger in rebel quarters stopped short, there was no more talk 
of one rebel being as good as three Yankees, and both arm 'e> realized, 
as never before, the seriousness and magnitude of the conflict. 

Comrades, it is hard to believe that a third of a century lies be- 
tween us and thosi/ events, so fresh in our memory ami thoughts, and 
yet it is not hard to realize it when we look into each others faces and 
behold the traces ot the years in features and forms. Then we were 
boys, or young men, full of life and energy, now our hair is gray, or 
white, and our step is lesS elastic— men ca'l us old. but [ assert that 
we are yet young and vigorous and lit. for service, whenever and 
wherever the drum beat of duty summons us to arms. The count r\ is 
indeed saved and safe from rebels, and is Union in a truer and fuller 
sense than ever before, but our term of service is not over, if we are 
the true men we claim to be. What was worth saving at such a cost 
of blood and treasure, must be kept as a sacred trust and handed over 
to the generations to come, without spot or blemish. Not on the far 
off Held- of the south, but in our ver\ midst, must the battle be fought 
against the violators of the sanctity of the law through chicane, or 
corruptions, or open violence, against the enemies of our public 
schools, the enemies of a pure and free ballot, against the foes of the 
perfect freedom of labor and of flu- equality of all American citizens 
in rights and privileges without regard to color, ancestry or religious 

Comrades of the Grand Army of the Republic, we have shown how 
a million citizens, attached to their homes and devoted to the pursuits 
of peace, could be transformed, for love of country, into valiant 
soldiers. We have shown how a mighty army, (lushed with victory, 
could gladly lay down its arms and resume the duties and occupations 
of civil life. Let us continue to show how gray haired veterans ever 
true to Old Glory- our free and stainless Hag, can do conspicuous 
service to the land we fought to save, with no furlough and no dis- 
charge until the final muster out. 

Miss Belle Lambert gave an excellent rendering of'"Money Musk'' 
of which the audience showed their appreciation by their loud ap- 

Then came singing, after which 11. G. Curtis, of the 8th Iowa, 
was drafted to fill the place of uue of the speakers who was absent 



and who was to have talked .-(.bout "The man that carried a gun," 
and responded in a brief and telling manner as follows: 

( 'umradey. 

1 came here to listen, not to talk. I am not on the program but 
1 am one of thus." hoys that carried a gun. I am one of the fellows 
that helped put down. th's rebellion, and 1 belonged to a regiment 
that helped to do it. and to a Brigade thai helped to do it. Now 
you sav, how was this done anyhow? The boys loved their country; 
the girls loved the boys: a combination that was invincible. (Loud 

Wm. T. McMakin, of the Uth Iowa, as the hist speaker, had the 
subject, "We took touch of elbows." As he stated, the paper was eon- 
lined principally to the Uth Iowa, but it was no doubt a like cxperi- 
ance of many of the other comrades. 

Mr. Chainwin, Ladicxand (h <Ule»i")i., and Contrails: 

Comrades: I want to take you back, let your minds revert hack 
some thirty years a<ro. D.i you recollect when you were recruits? 
1 am a raw recruit tonight and vet 1 feel that 1 can stand as a soldier 
' f [ can do nothing else, if I cannot say a word tonight 1 can point 
to that old Ma- that "contains the history of all of us. I feel, com- 
rades, tonight, that it is good to be here. I feel that we have in 
these associations and these reunions, that we again take the •'touch 
of elbow." We feel the grasp of the hand:'we light over our battles 
a<> Liu: we renew our age: we live longer for enjoying these things I 
know many of our comrades and t would refer you to our old com- 
mander of the 14th Iowa— look at the difference as he appears up- 
on the stage, as he appeared before von and addressed you He is 
old in years vet how supple he is: young in heart as any of us 

What I shall say tonight will be principally in relation to the 
Uth Iowa, as my history is in that as a private, and 1 feel that tie 
existing as von all feel, and comrades, while there is a tie existing 
running between all of this great army, yet there is a tie of regi- 
ment, vet there is an inner tie of company. I would draw the at- 
tention of the comrades to a question that has never been brought 
up as 1 see, that tin- Uth Iowa was the largest regiment that went 
from the state of Iowa, not in number of members but in companies. 
We had first, three: we had again, seven, then three more, making 
in all thirteen companies that were organized and in the Uth Iowa, 
not at one time, however. And I would again call the attention of 
the Uth Iowa that our extent of service was as great as any regi- 
ment that ever went from the state of {o.v;i. Now the first active 
campaign that I experienced was at Ft. Henry. Von recollect that 
we were booked for that place but we got in a lit tie too late to 
capture the Fort. It was taken. We landed upon the hank near 
Ft. ll.mrv. You recollect we lay there over the Sabbath day. Well 
on Sabbath morning while we were some of us writing and some of 
us doing various work, down through that camp charged a beef 
animal. " Well, we wanted fresh meal We grasped our gun, I with 
the rest, nol knowing who was with me. and after that animal we 
started. Down we went and [ fired at it. and a man at my right 
hand fired: at that I looked around to see who it was and it was 
our chaplain. Well, I thought I was in good company if 1 had the 
chaolain, but the worst of that thing, comrades, was, they sent word 


right back home that MeMakin and the chaplain were out stealing 
cattle. Now that wasn't so; we wasn't stealing; there was no steal- 
ing in thi* army, it was either eapturingor confiscating. You re- 
member, comrades, when we were taken prisoners at Shiloh. 1 pass 
over that; there has been enough said on that today and 1 cannot 
do any better, no. not half as well as those who have spoken before 
me. But you remember when we were captured and taken to 
Memphis, that v\e were quartered in that old commission house on 
the banks of the Mississippi. You recollect how crowded our quar- 
ters were at that time; we hadn't room to lie down, part oi us had 
to stand up. Alter we had been there two or three days the com- 
missioned officers came to the door and said it there was any com- 
munication that we wished to send back to our friends in the north 
that he would see that it was carried with a Hag of truce which 
they expected in a tew days, in tact they looked for the capture of 
Memphis. It' we would write an open letter, he would see that it 
was taken. 

So my comrades wrote a letter to tin- Burlington Hawkeye, giv- 
ing the names of that company and our condition there. That we 
were all well, none of us wounded, and that we were having enough to 
eat for the present. We wanted to alleviate the fears of those 
friends that were north, that had heard nothing, as many of the com- 
rades can testify here tonight. We knew the anxiety there was at 
home, and how much anxietfy there was in those days to hear from 
those boys. We gave the letter into the hands of the officer. He 
went out with it. On the night following 1 yvasstanding at the door of 
the entrance that went out into the hall and one of'the private guards 
that stood there- you know, comrades, that those guards were princi- 
pally Union men at heart —told me that night privately, says he, 
that letter will never go. If you will write a letter, 1 am going to 
leave this place if the Union troops don't capture it in a few days, I 
will see that your letter goes to your lines. 1 took from my pocket a 
leaf, 1 had an envelope, and 1 wrote a letter to my wife in Des Moines 
county, and gave it to him and addressed it. That was the only let- 
ter, tlie only word, with the exception of one that 1 heard came to a 
member of the 8th Iowa, from the same person or mailed at the same 
place. 1 don't know whether that is true, perhaps I may get a re- 
sponse to it, but that letter was mailed in another envelope, in Illi- 
nois, and came safely to my wife, the first and only word that came 
from our boys. 

Now. comrades, 1 must say a word of tribute to our old command- 
er. We have had many commanders of troops in this state, many 
colonels, but, comrades of the Fourteenth, where is the man, where is 
the officer that went from Iowa that you would exchange for our old 
colonel, William T. Shaw, of Auamosa'^ 

'Phis was followed by a solo, "The Vacant Chair,'' beautifully ren- 
dered by Mr. 11 M. Vaughan. 

The Committee on Resolutions then presented the following re- 
port, which was adopted: 

Itexolced, That it is the sense of the Hornets' Nest Brigade that 
the legislature of Iowa should, at its coining session, appropriate a 
sufficient sum of money for the erection of a monument befitting the 
wealth and dignity of our state, on the battlefield of Shiloh. to com- 


memorate the valor of the Iowa soldiers on thai liloo,]\ field. 

lusulcid, That a committee consisting" of one from each regiment 
ot this brigade, be appointed, whose duty it shall be, in conjunction 
with other Iowa regiments, to impress upon the next general assem- 
bly the duty of making an appropriation oJ L'rom tfTa.OUO to $100,1)00 
for the purpose of carrying into execution the object herein set 

liisulnd. That this association returns its sincere thanks to the 
patriotic citizens of Newton ami vicinity for the »Teat interest they 
have taken in the success of this meeting", as well as in the comfort 
and happiness of everyone in attendance; for the tree use of this op- 
era house and other rooms, and for the music and literary fen lures 
ol the several programs. We have been made to feel at home by a 
most cordial welcome, and by every kindness and courtesy that a gen- 
erous people could extend, for all of which the town of Newton will 
always be gratefully remembered and esteemed by this association. 


.1. W. AM.hs. 

\V. 1 !. i.kli.. | ( 'oimnit tee. 

T. li. Bdgin<;ton, 


Col. Bell of the Sth Iowa then insisted that Col. Cyan, though 
modest , should fa voi' us with a speech ami said, "It was made the duty 
ofthesenior officers of the several regiments to name parties who 
were to appear and take part in this camp lire. I am sorry to say 
that one of those it was my dutj to name did not appear, and it is 
the first time in all my recollection that ever he failed to obej my 
command, and that is our chairman. I do not know whether it was 
because of modesty because he is at home, but now 1 insist on it that 
we hear from our worthy chairman. Col. Ryan." 

Col. Ryan overcame his modesty and replied: 

Lin/its (tint Gi ittlemt it: 

It affords me very threat pleasure that I have an opportunity to 
stand before you tonight for 1 have something special that I desire to 
say. I want to say first, that I feel triad that we were permitted to 
meet the comrades of the Hornets' Nest Brigade here in the city of 
Newton. But there is something" else that I desire to say. Comrade 
Burns and myself are the only two comrades that belong" to this 
Brigade that reside in the city of Newton. When we came home and 
reported' what we had done, and that the Brigade desired to spend 
their next reunion with us, we '.vent first to the Cost, the (hand Army 
Cost, No. 10, Grand Army of the Republic Immediately they aid 
thus, "Whatever 3'ou desire, name it and you shall have it." We 
were not modest in our request and we asked that there be various 
committees appointed and there has not been a single person ap- 
pointed upon any one of those committees but has responded most 
heartily. Our town has been canvassed, notwithstanding the fact 
that there were over 300 teachers attending normal school here. Now 
we were not aware of that at the time the dale was fixed, and I con- 
fess it was with a great deal of timidity when I learned that fact that 
we sent out this committee a ml asked them what doors would open. 1 
want to say, my fellow citizens, that I thank you from the very bot- 
tom of my heart. It touched my feelings when the committee came 


in anil said there: was uul a single door in all the town but swung open 
upon it- hinges to receive my comrades ol Liu- Hurnets' Nest Brigade. 
[Applause] There lias not been a single request that has hern made 
hut what has been responded to. We went to our city fathers and 
they said to us, "Gentlemen, name what you wish," The mayor 
has expressed and it was no buncombe, it was no simple 
words for sound only it stated to you the naked lads, that the 
gates ol the city were thrown open. 

There was nothing' thai we have demanded and I want to 
say that it was an easy matter, it made it a matter so easy that it has 
been a pleasure to assist in the organization of tins reu.nion that we 
havejiad here. Now 1 want to say further that I made it my "business 
to inquire of the comrades: I hadn't much else to do. The committees 
took everythingelsc off of my hands at my request and at the re- 
quest of comrade: Burns, ami have executed everything that we 
requested, and so I say I had little to do but sit around and ask the 
comrades how they were received and what sort a'i quarters they had 
in general ways am! special ways, and evervime'of them have said 
"Such magniliccnt treatment we have never received lie fore." That 
made m\ heart dad too, fellow citizens h\>r them I want to stand 
before you tonight and in the presence of the company that yet re- 
main, to thank you for the generous entertainment that you have 
extended to Lhem. And more let me -a \ . that it puts me under such 
obligation that any time I ran hi of service to you under like or sim- 
ilar circumstances, tin doors and my home are open to von. I do 
not desire to take your time in talking. Here at the end ol this 
program I know that you don't desire to be entertained, but this 
much I do want to say of l he uiagnilicent music that we have had. 
All that I had to do was to make a single suggestion, and it is fair 
that we say, that so many offers wen- made of hospitality, that 
i hough we feared that we would nol be able to accommodate all that 
came, there were a hundred and more places for other comrades 
had they come. The next time when you come to Newton, do not come 
with your brigade alone, come with your division, come in solid 
phalanx, come one. come all, and the doors of Newton, the gates 
of the city will be open a welcome will be extended to you. our 
hand-- will be outstretched to you. Comrades, God bless you. [ 
know we will not all meet again, Cod bless you. 

Much feeling was- expressed at the close of the camp fire. 

In closing we feel it would he proper to make mention of some 
of those who so materially aided in making our Reunion such a 
grand success, and for the kindness and hospitality shown us: to 
Col. I). Ryan who is entitled to great credit for his zeal and untir- 
ing efforts, always in the thick of the fight; Mrs Rodgers and Miss 
Townsend, who hail charge of the singing, and to all the singers 
who so ably seconded their efforts: nor would we forget the Mttle ones 
wheat the opening exercises sang' so beautifully; Col. .Manning, who 
acted as quartermaster ami commisary, ail h>4 assistants, Mrs 
S. S Patterson and Mrs. <>. C. Meredith- the Col. would make a good 
Hornet,, we'll take him in; Rob't. Burns, he is already a Hornet and 
is all O. 11.: .Mis.-. Beamen, the stenographer, who by her skill has en- 



abled us to give you the extempore speeches; the G. A. K., we've 
touched elbows; and finally to one and all of the citizens of Newton, 
thanks foi your kindness and hospitality, ever remembered and nev- 
er forgotten. 



Hornets' J^est t^oster. 

The following is a list of the members of the Brigade who were 

present and registered: 

2nd lu\VA INFANTRY. 

Company 15. 

Mennig, Geo., Sheldon, lo'wa lleilman, J. S., Bennett, Iowa 

Dow, Albert, Newton, Iow,a Smallenburg, M., Buffalo, N. Y.. 

Worth, L. A., Southerland, Ja. [800 Eagle St.,] 

Park, J. C, West Liberty Quinn, A. .1.. New Sharon, Iowa 

Thompson, M. L., Eailham, Iowa 

Company C. 

Albright, ('lias. P., Primghar, la. McNeil, II. 0., Sioux City, Iowa 
Rodgers, C. 1)., Davenport, Iowa 

Company l>. 

Becker, Phillip, Berkley. Iowa Painter, .1. C, Des Moines, Iowa. 

Vount, H. .1., Norwalk, Iowa Godfrey, G. I.., Des Moines, Iowa 

Yant, 1)., Spaulding, Iowa Husband, (J. Y., Shell Bock, Iowa 

Christy, W . I)., Des .Moines. la. Marsh, E. L., Des Moines, iowa 

Company E. 
Sims, W. S., Des Moines, Iowa Moore, W. S., Des Moines, Iowa 

Company V. 
Bateman, J. Y., Soldiers Home. Marshalltown, Iowa 

( 'o.MPANY G. 
Thorp, P. J., Beacon, Iowa Moure, S. A., Bloomlield, Iowa 

Company II. 
Amerine, Moses, Muscatine, Iowa Varney, W. E., Wellman, Iowa 
Corbin, S. I... West Liberty, Iowa 

Company K. 
Cook, David, Oskaloosa, Iowa Coyne, B., Richland, Kansas 

Blake, Geo. W.. Chariton, Iowa 


Maj. Samuel M'Mahon, Ottumwa, Iowa. 

Foulk, J. 1)., Marshalltown, Iowa Morgan, Geo., Des Moines. Iowa 

Company B. 
Trotter, .). A., Shell Bock, Iowa. 

( lOMPANY < !. 

Snook, Isaiah, LaCelle, Iowa Martin, G. W., E. I )es Moines, Iowa 

(iaston. .1. N., Boone Comity, la. Flo it, .1. W.. Alhia, Iowa 

James, Barney, 1 Inion Mills, la. iloit, N., Ferry, Iowa 

Grant, James, Oskaloosa, iowa Mendenhall, G. W., New Sharon, la. 

Baer,'John K. Oskaloosa, Iowa Phillips, Aaron, Lacey, Iowa 

McDonough, J. P., Kirkville, la. McDonough, L. C, Lacey, Iowa 


Company 1). 
Morrison, J. B., Ft. Madison, La. Francis, A. B., Oskaloosa, Iowa 

Company I' 1 . 
Bearden, F. S., Newbern, lowa Bartlett, II. S., Fremont, Iowa 

( ( IMP ANY G. 

Seaman, W. N., Des Moines, la. Fields, A. F., Colfax, Iowa 
Laming', F. T., Marengo, Iowa Alters, J. W., Des Moines, Iowa 

Kepner, 11. Marengo. Iowa Burns, Robt., Newton. Iowa 


Logan, S. M.. Washington, la. Calhoun, S. S., Dobiin, Iowa 
Lewis, .). 1L, Nira, Iowa , Glider, Geo., Well man, Iowa 

Rickey, C. I)., Ottumwa, Iowa 

Company I. 

Swanson, Mike. Knoxville, Iowa Swalm, c. I'., Oskaloosa, Iowa 

Company K. 

Spence, Tim, Knoxville, Iowa Morris, \V\. Springliehl, Iowa 

Iiorton, I.., Richland, Iowa Gregory, Joel, KLchland, Iowa 

I tudolph, John, Keota, Iowa. 

Col. W. Bell, Washington, Iowa. 
Smith, Spencer, Van Horn. Iowa Smith, I'. A., Scrauton, lowa 

Company B. 
Whitsel, J., Iowa City, Lowa 

Company C. 

Carris, S. 1)., Dublin, lowa Hall, R. N., Chicago, Blinois 

Campbell, K. I''., Keota, lowa [,Y,l l .) Warren Ave.] 

Prentiss, B. M., Bethany. Mo. Gri 111th, A. L., Dos Moines, lowa 

Carl, -I. II., Muscatine, lowa Bill, VV. I.J., Washington, lowa 

Carrier, A. N., lowa City, lowa Bosworth, 11. I'., (lay, lowa 
Palmer, S. II., Dexter, lowa 

Company D. 

Harper, Alex, Vinton, lowa Birch, Rollin I)., Rockwell City, la. 

Skea, .1. 1'., Cedar Rapids, lowa 

Company H. 

McMillan, John. Knoxville, lowa Jacob, Win., Knoxville, lowa 

Neely, Joe, Flagler, lowa Ryan, D., Newton, lowa 

Neely, Hen. Knoxville, lowa Newman. Dave, Newbern, lowa 

Gaston, W.. Knoxville, lowa Kinkade, Len, Des Moines, lowa 

Roebuck, Wm. F., Attica, lowa Banta, B. F., Knoxville, lowa 

Ryan, Robert, Lincoln, Nebraska Clark, A. M.. Durham, lowa 

Curtis, II. G., Atlantic, Iowa 



Company P. 
LCennon. J. G, Nit. Auburn, Iowa Paton, A. A.. Atwood, Iowa 
Allen, I). !•:., Keswick, Iowa Carey, A. A., Pes Moines. Iowa 

Lamb, Daniel, Maxdn, Iowa Reynolds, W. P., Siyourney, Iowa 

Perkins. (J. \\ ., Lacey, Iowa 

( OMI'A.N'V G. 

Bush, W. I'., Gilmore, City, Iowa Mentzer, J. B., Toddville, Iowa 

I ledge. Jester, Montezuma, Iowa Lyons. A. M., Marengo. Iowa 

Owen, G. W., Marengo. Iowa Pddy, \V r . M.. Oxford, Iowa 

Marshal], A.,' Carlisle, Iowa Pddy, L., Oskaloosa. Iowa 

Company ii. 

Wells, Charles, Knoxville, Iowa Dunlap, S. M., Des Moines, Iowa 

Kills, P. M., Norwalk, Iowa Williams. C. T.. Toledo, Iowa 

Sargent, W. \\ r ., Grinnell, Iowa McGlasson, W. T.. Almina, Kan. 

Blizzard. .1. \\\. Kerry, Iowa MePall, C. W., Orillia, Iowa 

Zane, I. II.. Oskaloosa, Iowa Kirkpatric, W. IT., Oskaloosa, la. 

Collin, P., Oskaloosa, Iowa Winder, W. W., Oskaloosa, Iowa 

Company l. 
Turner, If. L., Oskaloosa. Iowa Simmons, Jesse. Attica. Iowa 

K.ilioa. Michael, litissell. Iowa Turner, Asa. Oldlield, Iowa 

Adeoek, I., Melrose, Iowa Loevel, Li. J.. Wood burn, Iowa 

Searle, C. P., Oskaloosa, Iowa 

Company k. 
(oaves, K., Juha. Illinois I luinphre y, J . M.. Creenlield, Iowa 

Sullivan. J. I.J., Wapello, Iowa Bartes, J. I).. Marsh, Iowa 

Story, I. K.. ludianola. Iowa Moore, K.J. W., Cool, Iowa 


Company a. 

Cobb, G. II., Kldora J unction, la. Sawin, G. S., Union, Iowa 

Wilson, T. II., Robertson, Iowa Pdgi n g ton', ( 'apt . T. 15., Memphis, 

Clarkson, Dick, Pes Moines. Iowa [Tennessee 

Zieger. J. W .. Kldora. Iowa 

( Company ( '. 

Reed, I). W., Pittsburg-, Trim. Curtis. II. C, LeMars. Iowa 

Company 1>. 
Sower, P. B., Pmmetsburg, Iowa 

Company P. 

Perry, A. B., Puukerton, Iowa Large, P. A., Laporte City, Iowa 

Creighton David. Geneva, Iowa SuiTus. O. \'.. Bristow, Iowa 

( 'ompan v P. 
Stribling, C. C.. Clifton, Tenn. Tirrill, Ii. N\, Manchester, Iowa 

Dunham Aimer. Manchester, Iowa 

Shaw, Col. W . T.. Anainosa. Iowa 

Company A. 
Harvey. W . Killduir, Iowa Ilawfbaur, II.. Buffalo, Iowa 


Company C. 
Harmon, A. W., Sanborn, Iowa Davidson, T. L., Searsboro, Iowa 

Company 1). 
Bishop, J. V.. Springville, Iowa Pinley, J. li.. Morning Sun. Iowa 
Baldwin, T. T., Keokuk, [owa 

Company 13. 

McGarah, J. D., Des Moines, la. Cortney, J. J., Plymouth, Neb. 

lloriiu', .). VV., Swan, fowa Hudson, Win.. Vandalia, Iowa 

Wegnoi", August.. Vandalia, la. Brown, r. VV., Runnels, Iowa 

Johnson, It. II., Monroe, Iowa Wallace, (J., Vandalia 

Murray, N., Vandalia. Iowa Webb, Geo., Baxter, Iowa 

L'roner, Jacob, Pairmount, Iowa Horn,*.:. II., Sheridan, Iowa 

Company P. 
Gillott, ,)., Greenlield, Iowa Pddy, A., Ross, [owa 

Hill, J., Kxira. [owa Wheatly, It.. Wilsonville, Iowa 

Lengle, Jonathan, Oxford, la. Douglas, ,1. K.. Oxford, Iowa 

Graham, Thus., Shueyville, Iowa Carter, J., Sac City, Iowa 

Company G. 

Clark, M.. Laporte. [owa Mapolson, J., Reinbeck, Iowa 

Haver, W. C, Winona. .Minn 

Company 11. 
Birk, J., Anamosa, Iowa Hartman, 1'.. Anamosa, Iowa 

Birk, A., Tipton, Iowa Chapman, ('.. Past Des Moines, la. 

Drexler, J. C, Central City, Iowa 

Company 1. 
Savage, Joel, Middle River, la. Clark, W. P., Marshalltown, Iowa 

Company K. 

Dolbee, P. A., Bond. Kansas Dolbee, E. M., Bond, Kansas 

Thompson, W. H., Medeapolis, la. Barton, M. V.. Russell, Iowa 
Lewis, A. K., Arlington, Neb. Bowen, .las. A., Subte, .Missouri 

Storks, W. 1)., Oakville, Iowa Watson, .1. 1)., Kossuth. Iowa 

McMakin, W. T., Middletown, la. Campbell, VV. .1.. Plrick, Iowa 
Chapman, Samuel, Plattsmouth, Neb. 


We kindly ask all the comrades who receive this pam- 
phlet to send 25 cents to help defray expense of publica- 
tion. The money will be placed in the hands of the treas- 
urer. This seems a small matter, but it you will do this, 
the burden will fall on all, and the expense will be easily 
met. Send to R. L. TURNER. 

315, $d Ay. East, Oskaloosa, Iowa.