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Full text of "Thomas Dunckerley, his life, labours, and letters, including some masonic and naval memorials of the 18th century"

THOMAS DUNCKERLEY, 



HIS LIFE, LABOURS, AND LETTERS, 



INCLUDING SOME 



|jttft#0ntc anfc 



OF THE 18TH CENTURY, 

BY . 

HENRY SADLER, P.M. & P.Z., 

GRAND TYLER AND SUB-LIBRARIAN OF THE GRAND LODGE OF ENGLAND. 

Author of "Masonic Facts and Fictions" &V. 



" St toil's a featljer, anU a rljt'ef a toft ; 
n Jjonest man's tije noblest toorft of ffloU," POPE. 




DIPROSE & BATEMAN, SHEFFIELD STREET, W.C. 



SPENCER & Co., 
15, GREAT QUEEN STREET, W.C. 



GEORGE KENNING, 
16 & i6A, GREAT QUEEN STREET, W.C. 



1891. 



LONDON I 
DIPROSE*, BATEMAN AND CO., PRINTERS, 

LINCOLN'S INN, w.c. 



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Jltemorials of a 



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London, 1891. 




PREFACE. 



|JH ETHER it is an idle story or not that Dunckerley 
at the age of ten years selected the motto, "Honestas 
et Fcrlitudo " is of little matter. It cannot, how- 
ever, be denied that his life was ruled by the principles it 
teaches, and it would be a pity if such man should be for- 
gotten. 

That his services to Freemasonry were great is certain, 
as also that they were fully appreciated by the Masons of 
his own time. To him Masonry was not a pastime or 
amusement for idle hours. When, in his letters, he invites 
to his Lodge any serious brother, he evidently expresses his 
own view of the craft. It is a serious subject, and one with 
which he might well join his motto "Honestas et Fortitude" 
The life of a brother, who devoted his time, thoughts, 
intellect, and substance to the craft, and literally died in 
harness, can never be without interest to the thinking 
Mason. In my opinion, therefore, it was a good thought of 
Brother Sadler when he had the opportunity of gathering 
together such a series of Masonic memorials, to place them 
in our hands in a collected and convenient form. 

In reply to the possible, and it is to be feared in many 
cases probable question, with which he commences his book, 
Brother Sadler, has with considerable labour arranged in 



vi Preface. 

order a large amount of information bearing on the 
connexion of Dunckerley with Freemasonry. It is true 
that most of the incidents of his private life have appeared 
in print before, but other facts and explanations are intro- 
duced, now rendering the story more complete. The 
romantic history of his birth and career are full of interest 
and will well bear telling again. Whatever maybe the opinion 
as to the truth or falsity of the story of his parentage, it is 
clear that he himself believed it, and from the fact that he 
received many advantages, as well as a substantial pension, 
it seems certain that it was also believed by others, who 
had the power to help him. 

His success in early life, marked as it was by his 
occupying a position which even at that time was only open 
to men of ability, shows clearly that he rose by his extra- 
ordinary perseverance and faithful performance of his duties. 
This same honesty of purpose, and strength of will was 
continued in his Masonic career, as may be easily seen from 
his letters, which now appear in print for the first time. 

In following his Masonic career and the history of the 
many lodges with which his name is connected, Bro. 
Sadler has been able to collect much that is both new and 
valuable. I may particularly mention the very early 
minutes of the Lodge of Friendship held at the Castle, 
Highgate, which it is to be hoped will ere long be printed 
in full. Many other notes of interest might be pointed out 
did space allow, but these must be left to each reader to 
discover for himself. 

I may, however, say a few words with reference to the 



Preface. vii 

heraldic illustrations and seals. The Book-plate, is of con- 
siderable interest, and I must not omit to express my thanks 
to Dr. Jackson Howard who very kindly allowed me the 
use of the fine example preserved in his splendid collection. 
It is I believe, as rare as it is curious, possibly because 
Dunckerley was not a great collector of books. One some- 
what defaced copy was shown to me by Bro. Sadler in a 
copy of Smith's Freemason's Pocket Companion, 1738, in 
the library of the Grand Lodge, and it is interesting to note 
that it also contains the impression of a plate, without a 
name, but bearing a quartered coat (1st and 4th Gules 
a cross patonce Or, on a chief Azure, three round buckles of 
the second) which is that borne by the family of Heseltine. 
I take it to be the plate used by the Grand Secretary of that 
name, and the book may perhaps have been a present from 
one to the other. 

The plate used by Dunckerley is well engraved upon 
copper, in what collectors describe as the Chippendale style, 
and bears upon the lowest centre ornament the name of the 
engraver, LEVI SCUL, PORTSM. In Lord de Tabley's work 
entitled " The Study of Bookplates " (p. 173.), it is entered 
under the year 1750, a date which judging from the style of 
ornament, could, I imagine, not be disputed. 

"Within a shield and border of the period is contained 
the Royal Arms as borne by George II. when King, the 
reputed father of Dunckerley, marked with the baton sinister, 
or badge of illegitimacy. This is surmounted by the royal 
crest, and below is the motto, " Fain non merito" applying 
very aptly, when thus placed. Below this again are his 



viii Preface. 

names, with the addition of the words " Fitz George," said 
to have been also used by Dunckerley in his familiar corre- 
spondence. 

The date 1750, although it undoubtedly suits the style 
of the ornaments presents a little difficulty when we glance 
over the events of Dunckerley's life. He did not become 
aware of his real parentage until after the death of his 
mother, which occurred ten years later than the date of the 
plate, in January, 1760. According to his own statement 
after he had heard the confession he continued his duties 
in the Navy and travelled abroad until 1765. In that 
year he removed his family from Plymouth to Somerset 
House, and in May, ] 767, the first portion of his pension 
was granted ; in that year also he was first appointed 
Prov. G.M. It is only natural to suppose that having 
little or no need for a book plate, Dunckerley would not 
have ventured to take these arms and the addition of 
Fitz George before his claim had been allowed, or at least 
before he left the Naval Service (1764), and settled down 
permanently. The only explanation I can offer is, that his 
book plate though engraved probably between 1760 and 
1769 or perhaps even later, represents in an imitated 
form the style of an earlier period, copied, it may be, from 
some plate which he himself admired. 

His armorial seal, given on page 233, is engraved with 
the same arms, crest, motto, and abatement. It is well 
executed, and judging from the very floral style of the orna- 
ments, was most probably engraved at a later date than the 
book-plate. Many examples of it are extant, as it appears 



Preface. ix 

to have been the one he most constantly used. The earliest 
letter upon which it is found in the collection of the Grand 
Lodge, is dated 19th January, 1783. Letters of 1773 and 
1776 have a plain seal, bearing simply the initials T. D., of 
floriated design. 

The seal, or paper stamp (p. 133), containing within a 
circle, various masonic emblems, was ordinarily stamped in 
printing ink upon his letter paper. It is printed from a 
wood block, and was, I imagine, in part, a copy of one of 
those silver or brass jewels or seals commonly used in the 
earlier times of Masonry. 

Two other seals will be found on pages 261 and 272. 
They are here inserted, and it is very probable that 
they were designed by, and executed for, Dunckerley. The 
first is that of the Chevalier Kadosh, then worked in 
Templar Encampments now the thirtieth degree of the Rit 
Ecossais. Among a maze of numerals and letters, the latter 
apparently referring to the pass-words, &c., are three crowns, 
a ladder and a sword, which are the badges of the degree. 
At the foot are the numerals 1118, which, I suppose, are 
intended to refer to the year in which the Order of the 
Temple was founded, and adopted by the modern Order in 
the calculation of their A.O., or Anno Ordinis. Thus, on 
p. 267 the year A.O. 673 would be 1118 added to 673, or 
A.D. 1791. As also A.O. or Anno Oaedis, the year of 
slaughter or murder, 477, refers to the death of Jaques de 
Molai, the last Grand Master of the Templars. It is the 
difference between the year of his being burned at Paris A.D. 
1314 and the year A.D. 1791. On the dexter side of the 



x Preface. 

Kadosh Seal the date is given in fall, 11 M., i.e.) the llth 
of March, 1314. 

The other seal is that of the Masonic Knights Templar, 
of which Dunckerley was the first Grand Master in 
England. It bears several different forms of crosses, ma- 
sonic emblems, and the date A.L. 5795, or the year A.D. 
1791 (see letter, p. 266) and is obtained by adding 4004 to 
that year. The Roman Numerals LXXXI. is probably a 
sacred number, the square of nine. 

W. HARRY RYLANDS. 



ABBOTT, G. BIIZABD, No. 1385. 
AMHER.ST. THE RIGHT HON. EARL. Prov. O.M. Kent. 
AMHERST, W. A. T.. M.P.. Past J.G. Warden, Eng. 
ANDERSON, EUSTACE. P.M. Xos. 49 & 715. 
ANDERSON. JOHN EUSTACE, P.M. Nos. 18 & 25-5. 
ABCHEB, AUGUSTUS B.. W.M. No. 1163. 
ASHCROFT, LANCELOT. P.P.G.J.D. Somerset, Arc. 
ATKINS. HEXRY J.. P.P.S.G.W. Norths & Hunts. 
ATKINSON, J. B.. P.P.J.G-D. Hants & I.W. 
ATWATEB, FRANK V.. Capitol Lodge, No. 3. Nebraska. 

BAILEY, B. SYKES, J.D. No. 2069. 

BAIN. GEORGE W.. P.P.G. Reg. Durham. &c. 

BAKER, BKACKSTONE. Past G. Deacon. Eng. 

BAKER, GEORGE J., W.M. No. 108. 

BAKER, WILLIAM, I.G. No. 2205. 

BARFIELD. ASHER. Past G. Treasurer, Eng. 

BARKER, Rev. ALFRED GRESLEY. P.P.G. Chaplain. Hants & I. W. 

BARNARD, G.W. G., Prov. G. Sec. Norfolk. &c. 

BARRON. E. J.. P.G.D. Eng.. P.M. No. 2. 

BASKETT. S. R., P.P.G. Reg. Dorset, 

BASSASO. CLEMENT, G. A., P.M. No. 66. 

BAUME, ARTHUR, P.M. No. 63. 

BEACH. WILLIAM, W.B.. M.P.. Prov. G. Master, Hants & I.W. 

BEAUMONT, W. C., P.A.G.D.C. Eng. 

BEGEMANN, Dr. W.. Prov. G. Master. Mecklenburg. 

BELL, SEYMOUR, P.M. & D.C. No. 1626. tc. 

BERRY, JOHN J., P.M. <fc Treasurer No. 554. 

BETHUNE, ALEXANDER M., P.M. <t Sec. No. 1397. 

BETTS. ARTHUR, P.M. No. 1351. 

BIGNELL. R.. No. 459. Alipore \'2 copies'. 

BINCKES, FREDERICK. Past G. Swd. Bearer. Eng. 

BINDLEY, COL. JOHN A.. Dep. Prov. G. Master, Staffordshire. 

BISHOP, HENRY, P.M. No. 66. 



xii Subscribers' Names. 

BISHOP, GEORGE, P.M. No. 231. 

BLANCHAKD, M.H., I.G. No. 309. 

BLATCHFOBD, PETEK, No. 704. 

BLAXLAND, C. WILFRED, W.M. No. 709, Sec. No. 125. 

BODENHAM, JOHN, P.A.G.D.C. Eng. 

BOLTON, GEORGE, P.M. Nos. 147, 169, 1155, &c. 

BOULTON, JAMES, P.M. Nos. 28, 1056, 2291, &c. 

BRACEWELL, WILLIAM, P.G. Steward, East Lancashire, &c. 

BROADBENT, EDWIN, P.M. No. 2109. 

BROOKS, W. E. 

BROWN, R. S., G.S.E. Scotland. 

BROWN, WILLIAM P., P.M. No. 90. 

BRUTY, W. F., S.D. No. 45. 

BULLEN, THOMAS G., P.G. Std. Bearer, Eng. 

BULLING, CHARLES E., No. 1287. 

Buss, H. G., Past A.G. Sec. Eng. 

BYWATER, WITHAM M., Past Grand Swd. Bearer, Eng. 

CAMPBELL, W. A., No. 257. 

CANNING, C. H., W.M. No. 2184, P.M. No. 1472, &c. 

CARTER, JAMES G., W.M. and P.M. No 1044. 

CARSON, E. T., P.M. Kilwinning Lodge No. 35G, Cincinnati, U.S.A. 

CARSON, JOSEPH L., P.M. St. John's Lodge No. 891 (I.C.) 

CARTERET, Col. E. C. MALET DE, P.G. Master, Jersey. 

CASE, ROBERT, Prov. G. Sec. Dorset. 

CASSAL, CHARLES E., W.M. No. 1415 & S.W. 1974. 

CASTELLO, JAMES, P.M. No. 227. 

CHADWICK, JOHN, Past G. Swd. Bearer, Eng. Prov. G. Sec. E. Lane. 
(2 copies.) 

CHAPMAN, GEORGE B., P.M. Nos. 27, 299, &c. 
CHAPMAN, JAMES, P.M. No. 194. 
CLARK, CHARLES L., No. 228. 

CLARIDQE, J. R. FITZJAMES, Sec. No. 6. Past G. Steward. 
CLERKE, Col. SHADWELL H., Grand Secretary, Eng. 
CLOWES, RICHARD, P.P.S.G.W. Essex and Sussex. 
COCHRANE, SAMUEL, P.M. No. 3, W.M. No. 2345. 
COBHAM, G. R., P.M. No. 20. P.M. No. 1343. 
COHU, THOMAS, P.M. No. 192. 

COLLINS, J. T., Past G. Swd. Bearer, Eng. Dep. P.G.M. War- 
wickshire. 

COOK, GEORGE, W.M. No. 820. 



Subscribers' Names. xiii 

COOMBE Masonic Library. 

COOPEB, EDWARD, P.M. No. 73. 

COOPER, GEORGE, PastG. Deacon, Eng. 

CORBY, CHARLES, P.M., No. 957. 

CORP, JAMES, Steward No. 2148. 

CORP, JAMES B., J.D. 2309. 

COUCH, RICHARD PEARCE, No. 121. 

COUPLAND, C., P.P.J.G.W. Kent, P.M. No. 913, &c 

COWPER, FRED. S., W.M. No. 2039. 

Cox, CHARLES F., No. 2045. 

CREMORNE, LORD, Past S.G.W. Eng. 

CRISWICK, G. S., P.M. No. 1593. 

CUBITT, THOMAS, Past G. Pursuivant, Eng. 

CUMBERLAND, JOHN S., P.P.J.G.W. N. & E. Yorks, &c. 

CUNNINGHAM, J. H., G Sec., South Australia. 

DAIRY, CHARLES, P.M. No. 141. 

DALE, J. G., P.M. No. 169. 

DANDRIDGE, A. C., J.W. No. 871. 

DANIELS, L. E., No. 124, Illinois. 

DARCH, AUGUSTUS, P.M. and Sec. No. 72. 

DARELL, Sir LIONEL E., Bart., Past G. Deacon, Eng. 

DAVENPORT, GEORGE, King Philip Lodge, Massachusetts. 

DAVIDSON, J., No. 13. 

DAVIS, Col. JOHN, Past D.G.D.C. Eng. 

DEEVES, Capt. D., P.D.G.D.C. Natal, &c. 

DE FERRIERES, BARON, Past S.G. Deacon, Eng. 

DEHANE, H. E., P.M. No. 1543. P.P.S.G.D. Essex. Rep. Essex 
Charity Committee. 

DENING, EDWIN, P.P.S.G.D. Gloucestershire, &c. 
DEVONSHIRE, ROBERT L., No. 4. 

DIAMOND, HUGH E., P.P.J.G.W. Derbyshire P.M. No. 353, W.M. 
No. 1704. 

DICKESON, WALTER, P.M. and Treasurer No. 179. 
DICKEY, HENRY, P.M. and Secretary No. 1744. 

DIERPERINK, H. W., M.D. P.P.G.W. Netherlands, S. Africa. 
P.M. No. 334 (E.C.), No. 86 (S.C.), &c. 

DIPROSE, JOHN, P.M. & Treasurer No. 957. 

DIPROSE, HENRY LANDON, P.M. No. 1853. 

DISTRICT GRAND SUPREME CONCLAVE (S.M.), Eastern Archipelago. 

DODD, WILLIAM, P.P.G.D. Middlesex. P.M. No. 1194. 

DOVE, EDMUND H., W.M. No. 45. 



xiv Subscribers' Names. 

DOWN, F. J., S.D. No. 706. 

DBUBY, C. D. HILL, M.D., P.P.G. Reg. Norfolk. P.M. No. 85. 

DRYSDALE, J. W. ( No. 263. 

DUNGARVAN, The Kt. Hon. Viscount, Prov. G. Master, Somerset. 

EASTES, JAMES S., Past G. Deacon Eng. & D.P.G.M. Kent. 
ELSE, RICHARD C., P.G. Deacon Eng., Dep. P.G.M. Somerset 

ELWORTHY, FREDERICK T., P.P.G.S.W. Somerset. P.M. No 
261 & 1966. 

ESCOTT, ALBERT, P.M. No. 1593, &c. 

EVERETT, GEORGE, Grand Treasurer, (elect) Eng. 

FARNFIELD, JOHN A., Past A.G.D. Ceremonies, Eng. 

FARQUHAR, ALFRED, P.M. No. 1629. 

FELIX GOTTLIEB CONCLAVE (S.M.) No. 3. Penang. 

FENN, AMBROSE, No. 700. 

FENN, THOMAS, P.G.D. Pres. E.G. Purposes, Eng. (3 copies.) 

FENN, W. E., No. 4, W.M. No. 1556. P.M. No. 538. 

FERRIS, Rev. T. B. B., P.M. No. 2017. 

FERRY, C. E., P.M. Nos. 65 & 1743. 

FEW, W. RESBURY, No. 4. 

FILLITER, GEORGE C., W.M. No. 386. 

FINNEMORE, ROBERT ISAAC, J.P., F.R.H.S., &c. &c., District Grand 
Master, Natal. 

FITZGERALD, J. P., P.M. Nos. 1364 and 2168. 

FLETCHER, W. H., P.M. No. 190. 

Fox, WALTER C., S.D. No. 1260, Sec. No. 2263. 

FRANCIS, CHARLES K., P.M. No. 265. Penna., U.S.A. 

FRANCIS, THOMAS, P.M., P.P.G.D. Sussex. 

FREEMAN, VINCENT P., P.G. Deacon, Eng. Prov. G. Sec. Sussex. 

FREEMAN, Captain WILLIAMS, Hon. S.G.W. Nat. G. Lodge, Egypt; 
P.M. No. 1068. 

FRENCH, JOHN W., P.M. No. 100.. P.P.G. Reg. Norfolk, &c. 
FRIENDSHIP, LODGE OF, No. 6. 
FULFORD, F. H., Nos. 68 and 610. 

GARD, JOHN, P.P.J.G.W. Bristol, &c. 

GARDINER, THOS. H., P.M. No. 657. 

GARROD, HENRY, P.M. No. 749. Past G. Pursuivant, Eng. 

GILBERT, JOHN, Prov. G. Tyler. Middlesex. 

GILBERT, W. G. P., P.M. No. 257. 

GLOVER, R.G., Past D.G.D. Oremonies, Eng. 



Subscribers' Names. xv 

GOBLB, EDGAR, Past G. Sword Bearer, Eng. 
GOLDNEY, F. H., Past G. Deacon, Eng. 
GOODACBE, WILLIAM, Past G. Sword Bearer, Eng. 
GOTTLIEB, FELIX H., J.P. Past G. Sword Bearer, Eng. 

Past Dep. Dist. G. Master, Eastern Archipelago. (2 copies.) 
GOTTLIEB, GEORGE, P.M. No. 1555. (2 copies.) 
GOUGH, COL. FOSTER, Prov. G. Master, Staffordshire. 
GRAHAM, JOHN H., Past G. Master, Quebec. 
GRAND LODGE LIBRARY (England). 
GRAND LODGE, Mark M.M. Library (England). 
GRAND LODGE LIBRARY (Massachusetts, U.S.A.) 
GRAND LODGE OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA. (2 copies.) 
GRANT, CHRISTOPHER, No. 3. 
GREAT PRIORY OF ENGLAND AND WALES. 
GREEN, ABRAHAM, P.P.S.G.W. Worcestershire, &c. 
GREEN, HENRY W., P.M. and Sec. No. 108. 
GREEN, J. E., P.M., P.D.G.W. S. Africa, E.D. 
GREEN, JOHN, P.M. No. 27. 
GREEN, NEVILLE, P.M. No. 1962. 
GREGORY, WALTER J., P.M. No. 73. 
GRETTON, J.H , S.D., No. 108. 

GREY ROBERT, Past G. Deacon, Prest. B. of Benevolence Eng. 
GRIEVE, J. B., P.M., No. 1351. 

HADDON, JAMES S., P.M. No. 1966. 

HAIGH, JOHN, P.M. Phoenician Lo. G. Reg. Mass. U.S.A. 

HANHART, NICHOLAS, J.W. No. 222. 

HARDING Col. CHARLES. Past A.G.D.C. Eng. 

HARDING, JAMES W., W.M. No. 1585. 

HARLECH, RIGHT HON. LORD, Prov. G.M. N. Wales. 

HARRIS, Sir GEORGE D., Senior G. Deacon, Eng. 

HARRIS, WALTER S., J.W. No. 1260. (3 copies.) 

HARRISON, GEORGE, No. 1326. 

HARRISON, WILLIAM, P.M. No. 265. 

HAWKINS, JOSEPH, P,M. & P.Z. No. 216. 

HEDGES, F. R. W., Past G. Swd. Bearer, Eng., Sec. R.M.I.G. 

HICKLIN, WILLIAM, P.M. & W.M. No. 1261. 

HIGERTY, ALEX. C. A., P.M. & Sec. No. 1044. P.P.G.O. Surrey, &c. 

HOBBS, HUGH M., P.M., P. Pror. J.G.D. Surrey. 

HOBSON, E. BUSSEY, P.M. No. 700, &c. 



xvi Subscribers' Names. 

HODGES, OLIVER T., Nos. 4 & 259. 

HOELEN, C. L., Treasurer No. 2148. (4 copies.) 

HOGARD, C. F., Past G. Std. Bearer, Eng. 

HOIT, J. H., P.M. No. 806. P.P.G.S.B. Cornwall. 

HOLLOWAY, EDWIN B., P.M. & Treasurer No. 108. 

HOPE PRECEPTORY, No. 4 (K.T.). 

HOPEKIRK, WALTER, Past G. Pursuivant, Eng. 

HORNIMAN, F. J., No. 108. 

HOVENDEN, R., S.D. No. 21. 

HOWELL, ALEX. No. 257. Sec. Quatuor Coronati Correspondence 

Circle for Hampshire. 
HUDSON, ROBERT, Past G. Swd. Bearer, Eng. Prov. G. Sec. 

Durham. 

HUGHAN, W. J., Past G. Deacon Eng. P.P.S.G.W. Cornwall, &c. 
HUGHES, J. A., P.M. No. 4. 
HUGHES, ROBERT, Dep. D.G.M. Japan. 
HUNT, CHARLES, P.M. No. 194. 
HUNT, JOHN E., P.M. No. 1768. 
HUNTER, WILLIAM S , I.G. No. 772. (S.C.) 
HUSEY, E. J. V., Past G. Steward, P.M. No. 2. 
HUTCHINSON, THOMAS, No. 1900. 

IMLAY, DAVID G., S.W. No. 2148. 
IRONS, G. B., P.M. & P.Z. No. 903. 

JAQUET, E. W., J.W. No. 2323. 

JEFFERIS, A. H., P.P.G.D.C. E. Lane. P.M. Nos. 64 & 645. 

JENNINGS, JAMES, P.M. No. 228. 

JOHNSON, W. E., Steward, No. 1766. 

JOHNSTON, REGINALD E., W.M. No. 6. 

JOHNSTON, W. H., W.M. No. 1820. P.M. No. 1965. 

JOLLY, CHARLES, P.M. & Sec. Nos. 1472 & 2184. 

JONES, CHARLES, No. 1420. 

JORDAN, PAUL, Dist. S.G. Warden Hong Kong & S. China. 

JOSEPH, D. DAVIS, No. 237. 

JUPE, JOHN, S.W. No. 2, 

KELL, C. F., late No. 2148. 

KELLY, WILLIAM, F.S.A., P.P.G.M. Leicester & Rutland. 
KEMPSTER, W. H., M.D., P.M. Nos. 60, 890 & 1420. 
KENCH, JAMES, P.G. Pursuivant Eng. 



Subscribers' Name.*. xvii 

KENNABY, G. L., P.M. No. 1420, S.W. No. 268. 

KENNEDY, G., P.P.G.S.B. Kent. P.M. No. 1536, &c. 

KENNING, GEORGE, Past P.G.D. Middlesex. P.M. No. 192 & 1057. 

KENNING, GEORGE H. ? No. 60. J.W. No. 1460. 

KENTISH, W. G., P.M. Nos. 1293 and 1768. 

KEB, GEORGE, P.P.J.G.D. Kent. P.M. Nos. 503 & 2046. 

KERB, ELLIS, (late of No. 241, New York.) 

KIRBY, W. H., S.W. No. 1965. 

KLEIN, SYDNEY T., F.L.S., F.R.A.S., &c. Nos. 404 & 2076. 

KUPFEBSCHMIDT, C., P.M. No. 238. Steward No. 2076 

LAKE, WILLIAM, P.P.G. Reg. Cornwall. 
LAMB, H. T., No. 1385. (3 copies.) 

LAMBERT, F.S.A., Major GEORGE, Past G.S. Bearer, Eng. W.M. 
No. 198. (3 copies.) 

LAMBERT, RICHARD, 32, P.M. No. 59. P.G.H.P. Louisiana, U.S.A. 
LAMB-SMITH, THOS., P.P.J.G.W. Worcestershire. 

LAMONBY, W. F., Past S.G.W. Victoria. P.P.G. Reg. Cumb. & 
Westmoreland. 

LANCASTER, G. F., P.P.G. Reg., Assist. G. Sec. Hants and I.W. 

LANE, CHARLES S., P.P.J.G.D. Durham. (2 copies.) 

LANE, JOHN, F.C.A., P.P.G. Reg. Devon. P.M. No. 1402, &c. 

LARDNER, HBNRY J., P.P.G.A.D. Ceremonies, Surrey. 

LARKIN, JOHN, P.M. No. 3. J.W. No. 1657. 

LAWRENCE, General SAMUEL C., Past G.M. G.L. Massachusetts. 

LAWSON, CHARLES H., P.M. No. 913. 

LECHMERE, SIR EDMUND A. H., Bart., Prov. G.M. Worcestershire. 

LEE, W. H., P.P.G.D. & A.G. Sec. Middlesex. 

LE FEUVRE, J. E., Past G. Deacon. D.P.G.M. Hants and I.W. 

LEGO, E., P.M. No. 861. Treasurer No. 1768. 

LEMON, D.D., Rev. THOS. W., P.P.G. W. Devon, &c. 

LETCH WORTH, EDWARD, Past G. Deacon, Eng. 

LEWIS, HENRY F. W., Sec. No. 1296. S.D. No. 2250. 

LINCOLN, JOHN F., Magnolia Lodge, No. 20, Ohio. 

LININGEB, GEORGE W., Past G. Master, Nebraska 

LODGE LA TOLERANCE, No. 538. 

LODGE op UNANIMITY & SINCEBITY, No. 261. 

LONG, PETEB DE LANDE, Past G. Deacon, Eng. 

LUCKING, ALBERT, Past G. Purst. Eng. Prov. G.D.C. Essex. 

LUMLEY, HENBY, P.G. Steward, P.M. No. 4. 

LUNNISS, FRED., No. 142G. 

*A 



xviii Subscribers' Names. 

MAOUALAY, FBED. J., P.M. No. 142. 

MACBEAN, EDWARD, Gd. Stand. 13earcr (K.A.) Scotland. J.D. 
No. 2076, &c. 

MAGEE, Henry, P.M., No. 174. 

MALLETT, E., P.M. No. 141. 

MALTA, DIST. GRAND LODGE OP, 

MANTEL, L., No. 1897. 

MARKHAM, R.N., Capt. A. H., (A.D.C.) W.M. No. 257. 

MARSH, J. J., P.M. No. 1326. P.P.G. Std. Br. Middlesex. 

MARTIN, TEMPLE C., S.D. No. 1768. 

MARTYN, Rev. C. J., Past G. Chaplain. (4 copies.) 

MASON, C. LETCH, P.P.G. Treas. W. Yorks, &c. 

MASON, FREDERICK, No. 2148. 

MASON, JOHN, P.P.S.G.D. Middlesex. (2 copies.) 

MASSEY, HENRY, P.M. No. 619, &c. 

MASTERS, WILLIAM, P.M. Nos. 428, 2128, &c. 

MATTHEWS, J. H., Past Dep. G.D. Ceremonies, Eng. (2 copies.) 

MoLEoo, J. MORRISON, Prov. S.G.AV. Derbyshire. Sec. R. M. I. 
Boys, &c. 

MCQUEEN, J. H., P.P.S.G.D. Hants & I. W. P.M. Nos. 1 1 & 1869. 

MEREDITH, T. H., P.M., No. 87, Sec. No. 1853, &c. 

MERCER, DAVID D., Grand Pursuivant, Eng. 

MEYLER, THOMAS, P.P.G. Reg. Somerset. P.M. No. 201, &c. 

MICKLEY, GEO. M.A., M.B., P.P.S.G.W. Herts. 

MIDDLEMIST, R. P.. P.M. & Sec. No. 5. Past G. Steward. 

MIDDLETON, JAMES, M.D., Prov. G. Master, Roxburgh & Selkirk. 

MILLER, FRANCIS H., P.M. No. 1593. 

MILLINGTON, JAMES, I.G. No. 1221. 

MITCHELL, FRANCIS H., W.M. No, 1953. 

MITCHELL, G. W., P.G.D.C. Kent. P.M. & Treas. No. 615. 

MOFFHEY, R. W., P.M. No. 957. 

MONEY, ERNEST M., G. Steward, P.M. No. 28, &c. 

MONTEUUIS, EUGENE, Past G. Swd. Bearer, Eng. (2 copies.) 

MORGAN, W. W., P.M. No. 211. (3 copies.) 

MOBLEY, R. J., No. 1326. 

MORRIS, EDWIN, S.W. No. 1789. 

MORRIS, Si'ENOER W., J.D. No. 231. 

MUKEBJI, P. C., Dist. G.J.W. Punjab, P.M. No. 1485, &c. 

MURROW, Baron, No. 2189. 

MU&SELL, G. A., P.P.S.G.D. Hants and I. W., W.M. No. 35. 

MURTON, CHARLES A., Past G. Deacon, Eng. 



Subscribers' Names. xix 

NEKLD, J. G., P.M. and Secretary No. 169. 
NELL, HENRY T., P.M. and Secretary No. 45. 
NEVILL, RICHARD, No. 108. P.M. No. 1531. 
NEVILLE, HENRT, J.D., No. 1320. 
NEWTON, JAMES, P.P.S.G.D. E. Lane. 
NEWTON, JOHN, F.B.A.S., P.M. No. 174. 
NICHOLSON, T. G., Grand Steward, P.M. No. 91. 
NOAKES, HENRY W., No. 108, 1.G. No. 1982. 
NOBMAN, GEORGE, P.P.G. Reg. Gloucestershire, &c 
NORRIS, EDWARD S., P.M. No. 32. 
NORTH, C. N. MC!NTYRE, W.M. No. 1275. 
NORTON, JACOB, Boston, U.S.A. 
NUTTING, W. J., W.M. No. 281. 

OBREN, MAGNUS, Past Assist. G.D. Ceremonies, Eng. 

PAINTER, JOHN, P.M. Nos. 749 and 1579. 

PARES, JOHN J., P.M. and Sec. No. 871. (2 copies.) 

PALMER, EDWARD, P.M. No. 913. 

PATCHITT, E. C., P.P.G. Treasurer, Notts. 

PATCHITT, RICHARD, J.D. No. 2017, 

PATON, JOHN, M.C., S.D. No. 2017. 

PATRICK, CHARLES, P.M. No. 1227. 

PARKHOUSE, S. H., P.M. and Treasurer No. 1642. 

PARKINSON, J. C., Past G. Deacon, Eng. 

PAYNE, C. F. R., No. 4, 

PEARCE, GILBERT B., P.P.J.G.W. Cornwall, P.M. No. 450. 

PECK, M. C., Past G. Standard Bearer, Eng., Prov. G. Sec. N. and 
E. Yorks. 

PENDLEBUBY, A. A., Assist G. Sec., Eng. 

PENFOLD, ABEL, P.P.S.G.D. Kent, P.M. No. 913, 

PIGOTT, R. TURTLE, D.C.L., P.A.G.D.C. Eng. 

PINCKARD, G. J., Rep. G.L. Eng. near the G.L. Louisiana. 

POCOCK, Dr. F. ERNEST, P.M. No. 189 L. 

POTTER, R. F., P.M. No. 749, Prov. G. Tyler, Surrey. 

POWELL, GEORGE, P.M. and Sec. No. 142. 

POWELL, W. A. F., Prov. G.M. Bristol. 

PRIOR, FREDERICK W., P.M. and See. No. 90. 

PRITCHARD, HENRY, Prov. G. Treasurer, Middlesex. 

QUARE, HORACE, S.W. No. 108. 

*A 2 



xx Subscribers 1 Names. 

RALLING, T. J., P.A.G.D.C. Eng., Prov. G. Sec. Essex. 

RAMSAY, Col. MARMADUKE, Dist. G. Master, Malta. 

RAWLES, JAMES, (late No. 507.) 

READ, GEORGE, P.M. No. 511. 

RECKNELL, G. S., P.M. and Sec. No. 1728. 

REED, AUBONE S.. No. 5. 

REED, Commander G. H. BAYNES, P.P.G. Swd. B. Cornwall. 

RICHARDSON, FRANK, Past G. Deacon, Eng. (2 copies.) 

RICHEY, Capt. W., P.P.G.S.B., Essex P.M. Nos. 51 & 700. 

ROBERTSON, J. Ross, M.W.G.M. Canada. 

ROBINSON, FRANCIS, S.W. No. 704. 

ROBINSON, Rev. THOMAS, M.A., Past G. Chaplain, Eng. (3 copies.) 

RONALDSON, Rev. W., P.M., No 844, New Zealand. 

ROOM, HOWARD H., Prov. G. Sec. Middlesex. 

ROWLEY, WILLIAM, W.M. No. 2148, P.M. No. 1924 (2 copies.) 

ROYAL SOMERSET HOUSE and INVERNESS LODGE No. 4. 

RUSHTON, F. T., Past G. Steward, P.M. No. 8. 

RYLANDS, W. H., Past G. Steward, P.M. No. 2 (2 copies.) 

SANDEMAN. HUGH D.. Past District G.M. Bengal, Sec. Sup. Con. 
33. 

SAUNDERS, Col. AUBREY, Past District G.M. Madras. 

SAUNDERS, GEORGE, jun., P.G.J. Warden, Somerset, P M. No. 261. 

SAUNDERS, W. J. H., P.M. No. 139, Michigan, U.S.A. 

SAYLE, ERNEST J., No. 1351. 

SCUAFER, AUGUSTUS, No. 1351. 

SCOTT, WILLIAM G., Grand Sec. and Librarian, Manitoba. 

SCURRAH, W. A., P.P. G. Sup. Wks. Middlesex, P.M. No. 17 14, <tc. 

SETON, Sir BRUCE M., Bart., Past G. Deacon, Eng. 

SHADWELL CLERKE LODGE, No. 233G. 

SHAW, THOMAS E., P.P.G.D., Warwickshire, P.M. No. 1163. 

SUERWELL, JOHN W., I.G., No. 231. 

SHEKWOOD, N. N., P.M. and Treasurer No. 231. 

SHOWERS, JAMES, Treasurer No. 261. 

SHURMUR, WILLIAM, Prov. G. Treasurer, Essex, W.M. 2374. 

SILLITOE, J. II., P.G. Std. B. Eng., &c. 

SKINNER, W. H., P.M. No. 39/5. 

SMEATON, JOHN, No. 1507. 

SMITH, F. MASTERTON, J.W. No. 162. 

SMITH, HENRY, Past G. Deacon, Eng., Dep. P.G.M. W. Yorks. 

SMITH, H. PERCY, J.W. No. 1838, &c. 

SMITH, General, J.C Past G. Master, Illinois. 



Subscribers' Names. xxi 

SMITH, RICHARD, P.M. No. 137. 

SMYTH, Rev. THOS. C., D.D., Past G. Chaplain, Eng. 

SMYTH, Major W. H., Prov. G. Master, Lincolnshire. 

SODEN, WALTER, late No. 1287. 

SOOTHGATE, S. E., W.M. No. 700. 

SPAULL, W. H., Past Assist. G.D.C. Eng. Prov. G. Sec. Salop. 

SPETH, G. W., P.M. No. 183, Secretary No. 2076. 

SPILLING, HENBY G., No. 2148. 

SPILLING, WALTER F., T.G. No. 435. 

SPINKS, Capt. G., P.P.G. Std. B. Kent, P.M. No. 1536. 

STEGGLES, R. W., No. 1979, 1.G. No. 2398. 

STERRY, JOHN H., S.W. No. 521. 

STEVENSON, GEORGE D., P.M. No. 2148. 

STEVENSON, JAMES H., No. 2148. 

STILES, WILLIAM M., P.M. No. 1507, &c. 

STIMSON, EDWARD, P.M. No. 15. 

STORR, EDWIN, P.M. No. 167. 

STOTT, N. STANHOPE, No. 4, P.M. No. 1397. 

STRADLING, Rev. W. LYTE, P.G.C. Eng., D.P.G.M. S. Wales. 

STRATTON, JAMES, No. 913. 

STRETCH, Junr. S., P.M. No. 1950. 

SUDLOW, R. CLAY, Grand Std. Bearer, Eng., P.M. No. 263. 

SWAN, GEORGE F., P.M. No. 1321, &c. 

TAYLOR, JAMES K., No. 1897. 

TAYLOR, JOHN, W.M. No. 1402. 

TAYLOR, ROBERT J., P.M. No. 144, Sec. No. 1922. 

TERRY, JAS., Past Gd. Swd. Bearer, Eng., Sec. ll.M.B.T. (2 copies). 

TEW, THOMAS W., Prov. G.M. W. Yorks, &c. 

THOMAS, JAMES LEWIS, F.S.A., P.A. G.D.C. Eng., &c. 

THOMAS, J. G.. P.M. No. 871. 

THOMAS, HENRY, P.P.J.G. Deacon, E. Lane. 

THRUPP, RAYMOND H., P.A.G.D.C. Eng., Dep. P.G.M.. Middlesex. 

TIDMARSH, JOHN, W.M. No. 2163, S.W. No. 2157. 

TILDESLEY, HARRY A., I.G. No. 1585. 

TODD, JOSEPH P.P.S.G.W. N. & E. Yorks, P.M. Treas. No. 236. 

TBEWINNAHD, A. H , P.M. No. 228 and 1693. 

TRITTON, W. B., P.M. No. 108. 

VALLENTINE, SAMUEL, Assist. G. Pursuivant, Eng. 
VASSAH-SMITH R. V., D. Prov. G.M. Gloucestershire, Ac. 
VENABLES, ROWLAND G., P.A.G.D.C. Eng., Dep. P.G.M. Salop. 



xxii Subscribers' Names. 

VKRNON, Hon. W. W., P. J. G. W. Eng. 

VERY, JAMES, No. 754. 

VINCENT, WILLIAM, P.P.G.S.B. Middlesex. 

WALKER, JOHN, W.M. No. 731. 

WALKLEY, ARTHUR, P.P.S.G. Deacon, Somerset. 

WALLS, Captain T. C., P.P.J.G.W. Middlesex &c. 

WARD, HORATIO, P.P.G. Warden Wilts., P.P.G.W. Kent, &c. 

WARNE, THOMAS S., P.P.S.G. Warden, Kent, &c. 

WARRINGTON, RICHARD S., Past G. Steward. P.M. No. 197. 

WATKINS, WILLIAM, P.P.S.G. Warden, Monmouth, &c. 

WATSON, WILLIAM, P.M. No. 61., Hon. Librarian W. Yorks. 

WATTS, GEORGE N., P.M. No. 194. 

WEBB, C. W. C., W.M. No. 2095, P.M. No. 1397. 

WEBBKR, WALTER, P.M. No. 700. 

WEEDEN, CHARLES, P.M. No. 813. 

WEINEL, F. P., W.M., No. 1828. 

WELLCOME, HENRY S., J.W. No. 3. 

WELSFORD, W. OAKLEY, D.C. No. 1321. 

WENDT, ERNEST E., D.C.L., G. Sec., G.C. Eng. 

WEST, FRED, F.R.G.S., Past G.D. Eng., D.P.G.M. Surrey. 

WHARTON, C. I., S.W. No. 706. 

WHILE, JOHN, P.M. No. 228. 

WHITMARSH, THOMAS W., Past G. Pursuivant Eng. 

WHITTON, JOHN W., No. 731. 

WHYMPER, H. J., C.I.E., P.D.D.G.M. Punjab. 6 copies. 

WHYTEHEAD, THOS. B., G.Swd. Bearer, Eng. P.P.S.G.W. N. and 

E. Yorks. 
WILLIAMS, S. STACKER, Past G. Master, Ohio. 

WILLIAMSON, R., P.P.G.D. W. Yorks, P.M. No. 521. 

WILLIAMSON, W. B., P.P.S.G.W. Worcestershire. 

WILLEY, W. L., Sec. Massachusetts Lodge, U.S.A. 

WOOD, CHARLES F., No. 1693. 

WOODMAN, Dr. W. R., Past G. Sword Bearer, Eng. 

WOODS, Sir ALBERT W., K.C.M.G., C.B., P.G.W. & G.D.C.. Enp. 

WOODS, CHARLES A., P.M. No. 145. &c. 

WOODWARD, A. C., P.M. and Secretary No. 1538. 

WOOLFORD, THOMAS, P.M. No. 1467. 

WRIGHT, FRANCIS W., P.M. Nos. 1725 and 2046. 

WYATT, GEORGE. P.P.S.G. Warden, l.W. (2 copies.) 

YARKER, JOHN, Past Sen, G. Warden Greece. 
YORSTON, JOHN C., Philadelphia. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

INTRODUCTORY REMARKS, SHOWING THE CONDITION OF FBEEMASONKY 
IN ENGLAND AT THE TIME OF DUNCKEKLEY'S FIRST APPOINT- 
MENT AS PROVINCIAL GRAND MASTER 1 

SKETCH OF THE LIFE OF THOMAS DUNCKERLKY ... ... ... 17 

ANOTHER VERSION OF DUNCKEBLEY'S PARENTAGE 

(From The Gentleman's Magazine ... ... ... ... ... 24 

FURTHER PARTICULARS OF THE LATE THOMAS DUNCKERLEY, IN- 
CLUDING HIS MOTHER'S STORY OF HIS PARENTAGE ... ... 27 

DUNCKERLEY IN THE ROYAL NAVY 38 

THE ORIGIN OF ENGLISH FREEMASONRY IN QUEBEC.... ... ... 51 

THE LODGE OF ANTIQUITY, PORTSMOUTH ... ... ... ... 56 

LODGES HKLD ON BOARD SHIPS OF WAR ... ... ... ... 64 

THE LONDON LODGE, No. 108 73 

THE ROYAL SOMERSET HOUSE AND INVERNESS LODGE. No. 1 ... 83 
THE LODGE OF FRIENDSHIP No. 6 AND THE LODGE HELD AT "TuE 

CASTLE," HIGHGATE 103 

THE LODGE OF HARMONY, No. 255 124 

THE PRINCE OF WALES'S LODGE. No. 251) ... ... 130 

MEMORIALS OF FREEMASONRY IN HANTS AND THE ISLE OF WIGHT Io4 

ESSEX 169 

DORSETSHIRE ... ... ... ... 1JK) 

. GLOUCESTERSHIRE 198 

SOMERSETSHIRE... ... ... ... 204 

WILTSHIRE 219 

i HEREFORDSHIRE ... 242 



xxiv Contents. 

PAGE 

MEMORIALS OF ROYAL ARCH MASONRY .. .. 244 



MASONIC TEMPLARISM ... ... 260 



THE LIGHT AND TRUTH OF MASONRY EXPLAINED ... ... ... 280 

LETTERS TO THE EARL OF CHESTERFIELD ... ... ... ... 284 

A DESCPIPTION OF ST. GEORGE'S CAVE AT GIBRALTAR ... ... 285 

GIBRALTAR ~ 287 

LEGHORN ... ... ... ... 289 

REMARKS ON THE EARL OF CHESTERFIELD ... ... 294 

MISCELLANEOUS LETTERS, &c. ... ... 296 

COPY OF DUNCKERLEY'S WILL 303 

CONCLUDING REMARKS ... ... ... ... ... 305 



DIRECTIONS FOR BINDING THE PLATES. 



Portrait of Dunckerley to face Title-page. 
Portrait of Frederick, Prince of Wales, to face page 4. 
Portrait of King George II. to face page 34. 
Dunckerley's Book-Platc to face page x. 



THOMAS DUNCKERLEY. 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 




IHOMAS DUNCKERLEY ! who was he?" 

doubtless some of my readers will exclaim, and 
to those who are unacquainted with the history 
of Freemasonry in England during the latter half of 
the 18th century, the question would be a very natural 
one, but to the searchers after truth ; those who believe 
that our Order has a history worthy of being recorded 
and profited by (a daily increasing band) his name 
and character, are more or less familiar. These will, 
I doubt not, readily admit that as a Mason he held 
a conspicuous place in the ranks of his contemporaries, 
a position so remarkable that neither before his time 
nor since has any other person filled a similar one. A 
biography written nearly a hundred years after the death 
of the subject of it must of necessity be incomplete 
and wanting in details and incidents which might go far 
towards awakening the interest and rivetting the attention; 
I very much regret therefore, that notwithstanding 
my utmost endeavours to find something in the shape 
of corroborative evidence, the story told by Dunckerley 



2 Thomas Dunckerley. 

himself is practically the only information I can furnish as 
to his parentage and birth. As, however, it is principally 
with the later period of his life that I shall probably be ex- 
pected to deal, I am not without hope of a fair amount of 
success in this direction. In the main, I shall let him 
speak for himself, being fully convinced that the series of 
original letters, which now for the first lime appear in 
print, will furnish a far more accurate estimate of his 
character, and masonic achievements than any words of 
mine, as well as throw considerable light on the early 
history and progress of the Order in many of the counties 
over which he so ably presided. 

The period between the years 1766 and 1796 was a 
most eventful one for Freemasonry in England ; it was a 
period of consolidation and permanent improvement, for it 
witnessed the total abandonment of the ' ' happy-go - 
lucky " principle which had hitherto marked the proceed- 
ings of the executive department of the Grand Lodge ; and 
the adoption of measures tending to elevate the Society 
and establish it on a much more respectable and solid 
basis than at any previous period of its history. It is 
not unlikely that a spirit of emulation may have had 
some influence in bringing about this change, the 
Grand Lodge being then harassed by an active and power- 
ful rival in the shape of an opposition body of Free- 
masons, which had been organised in London about the 
year 1751, and which had since made rapid progress both 
in prosperity and influence. Having already dealt at con- 
siderable length with the history of this Society, * I shall 
have but little to say about it now, and that little will, I 



" Masonic Facts and Fictions," 1887. 



Introductory Remarks. 3 

think, be more appropriate at a future stage. It will, 
doubtless, be sufficient for present purpose if I state 
that in the earlier portion of the period mentioned the 
two rival Masonic bodies were briefly distinguished by the 
names of Ancients and Moderns ; the former being the 
general appellation of the opposing faction, and the latter 
that of the adherents of the regular Grand Lodge formed 
in 1717, of which Dunckerley was a most ardent supporter. 

On the 29th January, 1 766, a new Grand Treasurer was 
elected in the person of Rowland Berkeley, who appears 
to have commenced his duties at the next meeting of the 
Grand Lodge. The following extract from his Treasurer's 
book will show at a glance the financial position of the 
Society at the time of his taking office : 

s. d. 
April 9, 1766. By Cash Rec d at Q. Com- 

munication ... ... 83 6 6 

30 Gold Mohurs, sold to W. 
A. Cox @ 85/- per oz. 
Rec d from Calcutta, sold 
24th May 45 6 8 

Cash Rec d of Bro r Geo. 
Clarke, late Grand Trea- 
surer ; being the Bal. of 
hisAcco* 116 9 11 

July 14 In* on Jl,300 Bank Ann. 

Consol. 19 10 



264 13 1 



These figures represent the whole of the funded pro- 

B 2 



4 Thomas Dunckerley. 

perty of the Grand Lodge, and almost its entire pos- 
sessions, for with the exception of two books of records, a 
sword, and possibly a Bible, etc., and a jewel or two, pre- 
sented by former Grand Masters, it had neither furniture, 
jewels, nor habitation. Its general meetings were held at 
one of the celebrated taverns in the neighbourhood of 
Fleet Street, and the annual ( ' Grand Feast " at one of the 
halls of the City Companies. There was but one fund and 
that was " The Fund of Charity " to which the lodges con- 
tributed according to their means and inclinations; 
occasionally nothing whatever was heard of lodges after 
they were constituted and placed on the official list. 

The contributions received by the Grand Lodge from 
the various subordinate lodges between the 23rd of April 
and the 29th of October, 1765, only amounted to 
104. 4s. 6d., while the corresponding period of 1795 
gives a total of 506. Os. 9d. During this interval there 
had certainly been a considerable increase in the number 
of lodges, but not nearly in the same proportion, for at 
the beginning of 1765, there were about 300 lodges on 
the list, and in 1795 not more than 540. 

"On the 16th February, 1766, an Occasional Lodge 
was held at the ' Horn Tavern ' in New Palace Yard " 
by Lord Blayney, Grand Master, when " His Royal 
Highness William Henry, Duke of Glocester, was in 
the usual manner introduced, and made an entered Ap- 
prentice, Passed a Fellow Craft, and raised to the 
Degree of a Master Mason." This Prince who was the 
third son of Frederick Prince of Wales, and consequently 
brother of George III., seems to have been the first to 
follow in his father's footsteps by entering the English 



Introductory Remarks. 5 

fraternity, his elder brother Edward, Duke of York, 
having been initiated in a lodge at Berlin in 1765. 

Frederick, Prince of Wales, the first of the Royal 
House of Hanover to become a Freemason, was initiated 
in a Special Lodge at Kew Palace in 1737. It was to him 
that Dr. Anderson dedicated the Second Edition of the 
Constitutions, now the rarest and most valuable of any 
issue of that work. He describes the Prince as " Master 
of a Lodge," but as His Royal Highness was only initiated 
a few months before the book was published, it seems 
probable that in those days there was really a royal road to 
the Master's Chair. On the 9th February, 1767, H.R.H. 
Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland, entered the Order 
in a lodge at the " Thatched House Tavern/' St. James's 
Street, presided over by Col. John Salter, Deputy Grand 
Master. At a Grand Lodge held on the 15th April fol- 
lowing, the Duke of Beaufort (Grand Master elect), 
" Proposed to this Society that as a Testimony of the Sense 
they entertained of the Honour their ROYAL HIGHNESSES 
THE DUKES of YORK, GLOUCESTER and CUMBERLAND had 
done the Society by becoming Members of it, That the 
Grand Lodge should present each of their Royal High- 
nesses with an Apron lined with blue Silk as worn by 
Grand Officers, and that they should take place in all 
future Processions as Past GRAND MASTERS, next to the 
GRAND OFFICERS for the Time being, which Proposal 
being unanimously agreed to. Ordered, that Brother 
Jaffray do make three Blue Aprons accordingly, that the 
Grand Treasurer do pay for them and charge them in 
his account to the Grand Lodge. And that their Royal 
Highnesses be humbly requested to accept of the same." 

Among the names of the Grand Officers who attended 



6 Thomas Dunckerley. 

this meeting is that of " Thomas Dunckerley, P.G.M. for 
the County of Hampshire." This is the first time his 
name appears in the Grand Lodge records, but from 
another source I learn that his Patent of appointment as 
Provincial Grand Master was dated the 28th February, 
1767. On the 27th of April following he attended the 
Grand Festival at Merchant Taylors' Hall. The only 
other meeting of Grand Lodge d uring this year was held 
on the 30th of October, which was also attended by 
Dunckerley, and on this occasion his name is followed by 
the then significant addition of " Esqr." This may be 
accounted for by the fact that an important change had 
taken place in his circumstances and prospects, King 
George III. having on the 7th of May, formally ac- 
knowledged him as a natural son of his predecessor on the 
Throne of England. It has been asserted that Dunckerley 
owed his masonic promotion to his supposed royal descent, 
but it is plain this could not have been the case in the 
first instance, his appointment having been made at least 
two months previous to his being acknowledged. No 
doubt the accident of birth and the liberality of his royal 
patron had considerable influence on his subsequent 
career, by enabling him to travel about the country in 
the service of the Grand Lodge and Grand Chapter, 
which he seems to have done year after year until his 
last illness. In my opinion "real worth and personal 
merit " had much more to do with his preferment than 
any other consideration, and as will be seen hereafter, 
several of his appointments were certainly not of his own 
seeking. 

At a Grand Lodge held on the 28th of October, 1768, 
Dunckerley being present, the foundation was laid of a 



Introductory Remarks. 7 

" Fund to build a Hall and purchase Jewels, Furniture, 
&c., for the Grand Lodge, independent of the General 
Fund of Charity." A series of ]0 regulations were 
adopted at the instance of the Deputy Grand Master, the 
Hon. Charles Dillon, in furtherance of the above laudable 
object. The first being as follows : 

" That every Grand Officer shall contribute annually 
in proportion to the Dignity of his Office not less than 
the following sums : s. d. 

Grand Master 20 

Deputy Grand Master ... ... 5 5 

Senior Grand Warden ... ... 3 3 

Junior Grand Warden ... ... 2 2 

Grand Treasurer ... ... ... 3 3 

Grand Secretary ... ... ... 3 3 

Grand Sword Bearer ... ... 1 1 

It was also enacted " That every Lodge shall pay the 
sum of two shillings and sixpence for every Mason they 
shall hereafter make, when such Brother is registered; " 
and " That a book shall be open in every Lodge for the 
voluntary contributions of the Members to be applied to 
the purposes of the Grand Lodge." 

At a later period of the evening the Grand Treasurer 
announced that he had received 51. 9s. towards the new 
Fund. 

These regulations were printed and sent to the Lodges 
with the following circular letter : 

" Right Worshipful, 

" You are requested immediately to forward to me 
a list of your Members on the 28th of October last, and 
from Time to Time to transmit the Names of such as may 



8 Thomas Dunckerley. 

join, or be hereafter made in your Lodge, with the Fees 
specified in the inclosed Regulations, that they may be 
duly Registered. And the Contributions which voluntarily 
flow from the Generosity of your worthy Members, please 
to remit Quarterly to Rowland Berkeley, Esquire, Grand 
Treasurer, at No. 5, Wood Street, who will give a Receipt 

for the same. 

"lam, 

" Yours sincerely, 

"THOMAS FRENCH, 

" Grand Secretary. * 
" New Bond Street, 

"Nov. 12th, 1768." 

Judging from the Grand Lodge register the new regu- 
lations seem to have been very well received in the 
metropolis, and met with a fair amount of favour from 
the members generally as well as from particular 
lodges. They were, however, quite ignored by many of the 
lodges situated at a distance, and this is not surprising, 
considering that they had never before been asked to pay 
a fixed sum for registering their members, or even to send 
a list of their names to the Grand Lodge, an institution 
which a large majority of them knew only by hearsay, 
and probably had not the remotest intention of visiting, 
or even applying to for assistance. 

On the 5th May, 1769, James Heseltine was ap- 
pointed Grand Secretary. This brother appears to have 
been far superior in mental capacity and educational 



* Thomas French was a linen-draper in New Bond Street. He was 
appointed Grand Secretary 28th October, 1768, but only held the office 
for a few months. Early in the following year he became bankrupt and 
either retired or was superseded. 



Introductory Remarks. 9 

attainments to many of his predecessors. He was a 
Proctor in Doctors' Commons and was evidently a most 
worthy and highly respected member of the Society as 
well as an efficient and zealous Grand Secretary, which 
office he filled till the year 1784. The following year he 
was appointed S.G. Warden, and in 1786 was elected 
Grand Treasurer, and was re-elected annually until his 
decease in 1804. 

At a Grand Lodge held on the 19th November, 1773. 

" It was resolved unanimously : 

" That in order to procure a regular and due ob- 
servance of the Laws already in force relative to the Fund 
for building a Hall, &c., each Lodge be required to trans- 
mit to the Grand Secretary on or before the next Quarterly 
Communication, a regular list of their Members, with the 
dates of their admission or initiation, also their ages as 
near as possible at that time, together with their Titles, 
Professions, or Trades, and to continue on or before every 
succeeding Grand Lodge, to acquaint the Grand Secretary 
with the names and descriptions of any additional Mem- 
bers, or other alterations in the Lodges as to Members. 
And that for every person made a Mason five shillings be 
transmitted, and for each person becoming a Member two 
shillings and sixpence for registering the names, See., in 
the Grand Lodge Books, agreeable to the regulations ; and 
that no person made a Mason subsequent to the 29th 
October, 1768, at which time the regulations took place, 
shall be entitled to receive Charity from the Grand Lodge, 
or to partake of any other privileges of the Society, un- 
less his name, &c. 3 be regularly registered and the Fees 
paid as above. 

" Resolved also : That this regulation shall extend to 



10 Thomas Dunckerley. 

the Lodges abroad, and that twelve months be allowed to 
the Lodges in Europe, America, or the West Indies, to 
transmit their first accounts, and two years to the Lodges 
in the East Indies." 

Owing, in a great measure to the zeal and energy of 
Heseltine, to the tact and industry of the afterwards cele- 
brated Masonic historian, William Preston, who assisted 
him in his Secretarial duties, and to the persistent efforts 
of Dunckerley in the Provinces, " the fund for building a 
Hall, &c.," amounted in March, 1774, to 1,422. 15s. 3d. 
With this sum and a loan of 2,000, the Society was 
enabled to acquire the freehold of two houses and a large 
garden, situated in Great Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn 
Fields, and upon the site of this garden Freemasons' Hall 
(now known as "The Temple") was erected. It was 
completed and dedicated to Masonry, Virtue, and Universal 
Charity and Benevolence, on the 23rd of May, 1776. 

The beneficial effects of this new departure extended 
far beyond the original object of the promoters of the 
scheme, by bringing about a more regular correspondence 
between the Grand Lodge and the lodges in distant parts 
as well as those in the country districts. In the latter 
direction, Dunckerley 's services were invaluable, and it was 
probably the knowledge of this fact that led to his being 
placed at the head of so many different provinces. No 
doubt, the good work done by him was the means of 
directing attention to the importance of the office of 
Provincial Grand Master, for at the time of his first 
appointment (1767) the office was virtually dormant in 
England, as were also most of those who held it. At the 
outside there were not more than a dozen, some of whom 
had not been heard of by the Grand Secretary for several 



Introductory Remarks. 11 

years ; this, however, was not of much consequence, as in 
the early days the appointments were generally made with- 
out the slightest regard to either expediency or efficiency, 
social standing and local influence being the chief consi- 
derations. The advent of Dunckerley, and the earnest and 
methodical enthusiasm which he immediately brought to 
bear upon his new duties, with the most satisfactory results, 
doubtless awakened the authorities to the knowledge that 
it was possible for a Provincial Grand Master to be a real help 
to the Society, instead of merely an ornamental addition to 
it. The reception into the Order of seven Royal Princes, 
with a goodly following of aristocratic recruits, would 
naturally have a tendency to increase the number of those 
considered eligible for supreme command in the counties. 
Hence we find, that whereas in 1770, the official list of 
Grand Officers only gives the names of eleven Provincial 
Grand Masters, presiding over as many provinces in 
England and Wales, the same authority for 1795 shows 
that twenty-four Provincial Grand Masters then repre- 
sented thirty-four provinces, Dunckerley having for his 
share eight out of that number, viz. : " Dorset, Essex, 
Glo'ster, Hereford, Somerset, and Southampton, with the 
City and County of Bristol and the Isle of Wig/it" 

This large increase in the number of the provincial 
magnates was by no means the only sign of improvement, 
the men themselves, as a general rule, being far superior 
(masonically speaking) to their predecessors, although 
very few of them found sufficient leisure for the active and 
careful supervision of their lodges habitually exercised by 
Dunckerley, whose admirers may fairly claim for him the 
title of father of the present race of Provincial Grand 
Masters, if not that of originator of Provincial Grand 
Lodges. 



12 Thomas Dunclterley. 

It is no part of my present plan to repeat, or even 
revert to, all that has been said by previous writers on the 
subject of these memoirs, for their knowledge of him is 
generally derived from the same source, viz. : " The 
Freemasons' Magazine," published in the latter part of 
the last century, "The Gentleman's Magazine," 1795, 
and the records of the Grand Lodge and Grand Chapter 
of England. As the information therein contained 
will be duly set forth in the following pages, the reader 
will have an opportunity of placing his own estimation on 
its value. William Preston, a contemporary of Dunckerley, 
with whom he was probably well acquainted, in the 
"Illustrations of Masonry," 1781, says "By the inde- 
fatigable assiduity of that masonic luminary, Thomas 
Dunckerley, Esq., in whose favour the appointment for 
Hampshire was first made, Masonry has made considerable 
progress, not only within his province, but in many other 
counties in England." That Preston was not singular in 
his appreciation will be shewn by the following extract from 
a report of the proceedings of a Provincial Grand Lodge 
of Kent, held at Maidstone, December 28th, 1795 : 

" The Provincial Grand Master, "William Perfect, Esq., 
was in the chair, and after dinner addressed the company 
on the history and merits of the Saint whose day the 
Craft had thus met to commemorate. After which he 
honoured the memory of that truly Masonic Luminary, 
the late Mr. Dunckerley, with due commendation, and in 
a pathetic speech of considerable length, enumerated the 
virtues of the deceased, which he concluded by observing, 
that the spirit of Masonry was ever grateful to departed 
worth, and that a good name was the best legacy that 
could be bequeathed to posterity." 



Introductory Remarks. 13 

These testimonials, from two distinguished contem- 
poraries, will doubtless have due weight with the reader, 
as will also the opinions of two others who were probably 
more intimate with Dunckerley, one of them having been 
for many years his deputy in Essex, and the other, his 
successor in the office of Grand Master of that county ; 
their views of the character and labours of their friend 
will be duly recorded at a subsequent stage of these 
memoirs. Many of the statements of posthumous 
biographers, and other writers, should be received with 
caution, unless supported by something in the shape of 
corroborative evidence. 

In this category I include the remarks of a masonic 
historian who says that Dunckerley' s " influence in 
shaping the course " of Royal Arch Masonry has been 
much over-rated ; he was frequently reprimanded by the 
" Modern " Grand Chapter " for exceeding the bounds 
of his office." It appears to me, that one who exercised 
active supervision over eighteen different counties, must 
have had very considerable "influence in shaping the 
course " of the Order alluded to. The frequent repri- 
mands will appear and be dealt with hereafter. Another 
celebrated writer, Dr. Oliver, seems to go to the other 
extreme. In his " Revelations of a Square," a most 
interesting book, but one in which truth and. fiction are 
so cleverly blended as to render it extremely difficult to 
distinguish one from the other, the worthy and talented 
author's commendable and enthusiastic admiration of 
Dunckerley, apparently prompts him to credit that brother 
with services to which, judging from my own more recently 
acquired light, he appears somewhat doubtfully entitled. 

For instance, he says on page 132 : " Bro. Dunckerley 



14 Thomas Dunckerley. 

was the oracle of the Grand Lodge, and the accredited 
interpreter of its constitutions. His decision like the law 
of the Medes and Persians, was final on all points, both of 
doctrine and discipline, and against it there was no 
appeal." 

Now this may be very flattering, and it reads prettily, 
still I think it requires confirmation before being accepted 
as literal truth. Dunckerley was essentially a Provincial 
Mason, and spent most of his time in travelling about the 
country. The records of Grand Lodge show that although 
he attended its meetings fairly regularly for the first two 
years after his appointment as Provincial Grand Master, 
his subsequent attendances were much less frequent. He 
does not appear to have taken an active part in debates, 
and when he addressed the Grand Lodge it was generally 
on some matter relating to one of his own lodges ; more- 
over, I do not think an " Oracle" would have been 
tolerated in Grand Lodge in his days. There were 
several brethren, more experienced masonically and other- 
wise, equally energetic, as well as of higher social position, 
who regularly attended the Quarterly Meetings, and took 
the leading part in the business thereof. 

The Grand Lodge minutes contain no evidence 
in support of the statement on page 133, that " He 
was authorised by the Grand Lodge to construct 
a new Code of Lectures, by a careful revision of the 
existing ritual, etc.," neither is there anything in 
the Minutes of the Committee of Charity, or the 
transactions of the Hall Committee to warrant any 
such conclusion.* The same remark will apply to the 

* These two bodies were equivalent to the present Board of 
Benevolence, and the Board of General Purposes. 



introductory Remarks. 15 

correspondence between Dunckerley and the Grand 
Secretaries, extending over the most active period of his 
masonic career. Another reason for thinking that this 
story has no real foundation, is that Preston, who refers 
to Dunckerley in complimentary terms (alluding also to 
his several appointments) in every edition of his book 
which contains a history of Masonry, is silent on the 
subject; had anything of the kind really taken place, he 
would in all probability have mentioned it. Under these 
circumstances, I can come to no other conclusion than 
that this, as well as several of the other stories and inci- 
dents in which Dunckerley figures, is the outcome of the 
Doctor's own imagination, for he could not have per- 
sonally known Dunckerley as a Mason, and I question 
whether he ever met with anyone who had known 
him intimately. On page 146 of the book under notice, 
the author gives a " reminiscence of this eminent Mason," 
which he says was extracted " from the private MSS." of a 
brother initiated by Dunckerley. It reads very like an 
extract from the Lodge Minutes, and will be reproduced 
in the portion of this book devoted to Masonry in Glou- 
cestershire. With this single exception, I am strongly of 
opinion that Oliver really knew no more of Dunckerley 
than had appeared in print. It is not at all likely that he 
was permitted to inspect the written records of either 
Grand Lodge or Grand Chapter ; nor is it probable that 
he ever had a letter of Dunckerley 's in his possession. 
My excuse for adverting to these matters is a desire that 
my hero should not hereafter appear with any fictitious, 
or even doubtful honours attached to his name ; that he 
should be known and esteemed for what he was, and what 
he did in support of the Institution he loved so well. In 



16 



Thomas Dunckerley. 



furtherance of this object abundant evidence will be ad- 
duced independent of tradition, hearsay, or imagination. 

I shall now endeavour to answer the question 
which appears at the opening of the foregoing remarks, 
by first tendering the following brief account of 
Dunckerley from the October part of the first volume of 
the "Freemasons' Magazine," published in 1793, during 
his lifetime, and doubtless with his sanction. The sketch 
was written by " Brother White, of Colchester Academy, 
Provincial Junior Grand Warden for the County of Essex." 
It is the earliest reference to Dunckerley' s parentage I 
have been able to find in print, and appears to have been 
generally accepted, at all events, I am not aware that the 
story was ever questioned until after his decease, although 
many of the personages therein mentioned, were living at 
the time it was made public. 




SKETCH OF THE LIFE 

OF 

THOMAS DUNCKERLEY, ESQ., P.G.M. 




"ef Right and Wiong he taught 

Truths as refin'd as ever Athens heard; 

And (strange to tell!) he practised ivhat he preach'd." ARMSTRONG. 



|R. DUNCKERLEY is a Past Senior Grand 
Warden of England, Provincial Grand Master 
for the city and county of Bristol, the counties 
of Dorset, Essex, Gloucester, Hereford, Somerset, South- 
ampton, and the Isle of Wight, under the authority of 
His Royal Highness the PRINCE of WALES; Grand 
Superintendant and Past Grand Master of Royal Arch 
Masons for the city and county of Bristol, the counties 
of Dorset, Essex, Gloucester, Hereford, Kent, Notting- 
ham, Somerset, Southampton, Surry, Suffolk, Sussex, 
and Warwick, under the patronage of His Royal Highness 
the DUKE of CLARENCE; Most Eminent and Supreme 
Grand Master of Knights of Rosa Crucis, Templars, 
Kadosh, &c., of England, under His Royal Highness 
PRINCE EDWARD, Patron of the Order. 

"The Masonic titles of this gentleman are given to shew 
the high sense the Grand Lodge of England entertains of 
his abilities and exertions, the great trust reposed in him 
by the Heir Apparent and his illustrious brothers, the 
very great esteem and regard with which he is honoured 
(we had almost said adored) by several hundred Brethren 
in the above-mentioned counties, and to point out the 
amazing progress he has made in moral, social, and 

c 



18 Thomas Dunckerley. 

scientific Masonry, during forty-six years, by his travels 
in Europe, Africa, and America, particularly in England, 
Ireland, France, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Gibraltar, Corsica 
and Sardinia. 

" As a gentleman, Mr. Dunckerley is universally allowed 
to possess powerful mental abilities, which he has not failed 
to cultivate by an intimate knowledge of the Belles 
Lettres, and those arts and sciences that refine and exalt 
the human mind ; and by a most extensive intercourse 
and acquaintance with the most illustrious and ingenious 
personages in this and many other kingdoms. 

" With a most enlightened mind and an urbanity of 
manners, that endears him to everyone, he fulfils all the 
relative duties in a manner truly exemplary. He has 
naturally a taste for poetry, and exclusive of those pieces 
which have received the stamp of public approbation, his 
private friends have infinite cause to be charmed with the 
effusions of his Muse. Though conversant in science and 
philosophical researches, he is of too virtuous and vigorous 
a frame of mind, and too well-grounded in his religious 
and moral principles ever to suffer philosophy to lead to 
infidelity j but all the Christian Truths receive his most 
hearty concurrence, and all the Christian Virtues his 
constant practice. As a Brother, Mr. Dunckerley stands 
unrivalled in his indefatigable exertions in the glorious 
cause of Charity, and in promoting concord and unanimity, 
brotherly love, morality, and good fellowship, with the 
strictest order and decorum ; witness his many private and 
public charities, particularly his recent donation at the 
Provincial Grand Lodge at Chelmsford, for the support 
of the ' Royal Cumberland Freemasons' School ;' witness 
also the many excellent Charges he has given in the Pro- 
vincial Grand Lodges where he has presided, and the 
uniform proofs his whole life has manifested, that he 
'lets his light shine before men.' 



Sketch of his Life. 19 

" The various scenes this gentleman has experienced 
would require volumes to record ; the limits of our work 
will only admit of the general outlines of a character 
chequered with events, which could be sustained only by 
honesty and courage. ' Honestas et Fortitude } was a 
motto he took at ten years of age, when a thirst for glory, 
and a desire to engage in the bustle of the world induced 
him to leave school abruptly and enter the Royal Navy, 
where, during twenty-six years constant service, he had 
the honour and satisfaction to obtain the commendations 
and friendship of the following gallant commanders under 
whom he served, viz., Admirals Sir John Norris, Matthews, 
and Martin, Captains Cornish, Russell, Berkley, Coates, 
Jekyll, Legge, Marshall, Byron, Swanton, Peyton, and 
Marlow, but having no parliamentary interest, nor any 
friend in power, that he then knew of, to assist him, his 
own modest merit was insufficient to procure him a com- 
mand. 

" In the year 1760, upon Mr. Dunckerley's return from 
the siege of Quebec, an event happened which could not 
but fill him with astonishment ; as it placed him in a new 
and most extraordinary point of view, A Lady, receiving 
the Sacrament on her death-bed, made a declaration in 
all the awful solemnity of the occasion, by which it ap- 
peared that Mr. Dunckerley owed his birth to the first 
Personage in the Kingdom, and Nature was determined 
that it never should be questioned, for those who recollect 
the high Personage alluded to, will require no further 
proof when they see the subject of these Memoirs ; but 
as this is a matter of much delicacy, our readers must 
excuse us from entering into further particulars and permit 
us to draw a veil over this part of the life we propose to 
record, which were we at liberty to illustrate, would prove 
a most interesting part of the history. 

" Notwithstanding this discovery of Mr. Dunckerley's 

c 2 



20 Thomas Dunckerley. 

descent, he determined not to quit the service of his 
country until the end of the war, but, unfortunately for 
him, in the meantime the sudden dissolution of the great 
Personage we have alluded to, deprived him of a friend, 
who died without knowing that such a person existed. 
In 1764 he applied for and obtained superannuation; 
but it was not until 1767 that his case was laid before a 
Great Personage, who was graciously pleased to make a 
provision for him. 

" Possessing a strong active mind, with an easy fluent 
delivery, he was advised in the year, 1770, to become a 
student in the law, and during five years' close application, 
acquired such a fund of legal knowledge, that in Michaelmas 
term, 1774, he was called to the bar by the Honourable 
Society of the Inner Temple, but being fond of an active 
life, and still animated by a thirst for glory, when the 
court of France became hostile to this country in sup- 
porting American Independence, and an invasion was 
threatened, he accepted a commission in the South Hamp- 
shire regiment of Militia, where he greatly distinguished 
himself during three years service. It has been the par- 
ticular good fortune of Mr. Dunckerley to be honoured 
with the friendship of the first and best characters of the 
age, from whom he has letters that would fill an octavo 
volume, and which reflect the highest honour upon him 
and them. We were anxious to obtain many of these to 
enrich our present work, but such is his extreme delicacy 
and fear of giving offence, that we could only obtain the 
two here subjoined ; one is from a noble Viscount (now 
a Marquis), and the other from the late General Sir 
Adolphus Oughton, K.B., which we are happy in being 
permitted to publish, as they offer a just tribute of praise 
to the benevolence of our gracious and beloved Sovereign, 
and manifest an interest and regard for Mr. Dunckerley, 
worthy of their exalted rank. Gratitude is a prominent 



Sketch of his Life. 21 

feature in this gentleman's character, We have felt the 
luxury of doing good when we have heard him speak of 
the many obligations he is under to the following noble- 
men and gentlemen, which he relates with a heart over- 
flowing with a just sense of their kindness and favours. 
In 1766 he was befriended by Lord William Gordon, 
Captain Charles Meadows (now Mr. Pierpoint), and 
Captain Edward Meadows, of the Royal Navy. In 1767 
by the Dukes of Beaufort andBuccleugh, Lord Chesterfield, 
Lord Harcourt, Lord Valentia, Sir Edward Walpole, Sir 
Edward Hawke, and Mr. Worsley. In 1768 by the Duke 
of Grafton, the Marquis of Granby, and Lord Townshend, 
and afterwards by Lord Bruce (now Earl of Aylesbury), 
Lord North, Mr. Robinson, Mr. Brummell, Mr. Richard 
Burke, Mr. Blackburn a merchant in the city, and Mr. 
Heseltine, our worthy Grand Treasurer ; and though ' last 
not least,' by General Hotham and Colonel Hulse, to 
whom he expresses himself highly obliged by their kind- 
ness and personal attention. 

" He married early in life, being now in the sixty- 
ninth year of his age, near forty-nine of which have been 
spent in wedlock ; his lady, who is every way worthy of 
such a valuable husband, is some few years older than he 
is, and enjoys a good share of health and spirits. Having 
last year, in his Masonic character, laid the first stone of a 
new church at Southampton, he jocularly observed, ' that 
if the structure were completed by the time he had com- 
pleted fifty years in wedlock, he should think himself justi- 
fied in following the practice of some nations he had 
travelled in, viz.,of keeping a Jubilee year, and in that case 
handsel the new church by being re-married in it.' 

" Previous to the appropriation of Somerset House to its 
present use, Mr. Dunckerley had apartments therein, since 
then he generally resides at his apartments in Hampton 
Court Palace, and by the munificence of his Sovereign, 



22 Thomas Dunckerley. 

the Prince of Wales, and Duke of York, has the honour 
and happiness to be in a very comfortable situation, and, 
to crown all, we shall add in his own words, ' that he has 
been blessed with the friendship of that Great Being who 
never faileth those that seek Him.' 

" That he may long, very long, continue to enjoy these 
blessings, and be an ornament to a Society which has 
received the testimony of approbation from the good and 
great in all ages, is the free, fervent, and zealous wish of 
his humble Biographer, and thousands of others, who deem 
it none of the least of the prerogatives of Free Masonry to 
call this excellent man by the most friendly of all titles 
A BROTHER." 

The following are the two letters mentioned by the 
writer of the foregoing sketch to which they are ap- 
pended : 
" Sir, 

" The kind communication of His Majesty's be- 
nevolence and goodness made me as happy as the frequent 
reflections I made upon unmerited distress, before this 
event, gave me sincere concern. 

" I cannot divine to what channel you owe that piece 
of good fortune ; if in any degree to one person ; * to 
whom I mentioned your affair (whose benevolence of heart 
and public virtues I know are only obscured by public 
prejudice). I may have possibly been in a small degree 
an instrument of conveying to the knowledge of one of the 
most generous of Princes, one of the opportunities in which 
I believe his soul is most delighted. By whatever means 
it came, blessed be the hand which confers it ; may you, 
sir, and your family long enjoy the comforts of such a pro- 
vision. 

" I am, with great regard, your obliged and faithful 
servant." 

" The late Earl of Bute, 



Sketch of his Life. 23 

"Edinburgh, Nov. 18, 1767. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I very heartily congratulate you on the happy 
change you have lately experienced in your fortune. 
Lord H. and Mr. W. are men whose virtues are of no 
common stamp, and the bounties of our most amiable and 
excellent Sovereign cannot flow through channels more 
worthy of them. It would be a vain attempt, as well as 
totally unnecessary to you, to express the sense I have of 
the King's humanity and goodness. Instances of it fre- 
quently come to my knowledge which fill my heart with 
joy and add fervency to my prayers that it may please God 
to reward him, even in this life, by impressing on the 
minds of all his subjects a due sense of their obligations 
to him for so inestimable a blessing, and affectionate duty 

to so unparalleled a Prince. The attending Lord in 

Ireland, would not (in my opinion) be an advisable scheme, 
the expense being great and certain, the advantage small 
and precarious. Lord Granby may get you a commission 
for your son, and will, I dare say (recommended as you 
are), do it readily ; they advise you well not to ask a favour 
of him for yourself. Sir Edward Hawke's proposal is in- 
deed very handsome, and should be gratefully accepted ; 
his motives for making it do honour to you both ; but as 
so sudden a rise will infallibly draw envy upon you, it is of 
importance that you should be extremely circumspect in 
your behaviour ; a man in adversity is a most respectable 
character, even a certain degree of pride becomes him, as 
it makes a greatness of mind superior to ill-fortune, and 
the world readily gives him credit for virtues which neither 
hurt their own pride nor clash with their interests ; but 
when the clouds of adversity are dissipated, and the sun of 
favour shines upon him, he stands in a conspicuous point 
of view, and the scene is entirely changed, envy, malice, 
and all uucharitableness, find matter to exert their malign 



24 Thomas Dunckerley. 

influence upon him ; the perspective is turned, his faults 
magnified, his virtues diminished ; hence the justness of 
that Proverb, ' That it is difficult to carry a full cup even/ 
or, as our friend Storace [Horace] expresses it, ' ut tu 
Fortunam sic nos te celse feremus? Humility and com- 
placency are the armour he can put on ; but it requires 
judgment and address to guard against the appearances of 
meanness or affectation ; when those amiable qualities are 
inherent in the disposition and ripened by judgment, as I 
am persuaded yours are, the task is much more easy ; for 
the man who acts naturally has always the best chance of 
pleasing. 

" I condole with you on the state of Mrs. Dunckerley 's 
health, nor would I wish you to be such a Stoical Phi- 
losopher as not to be fully awake to all the tender feelings ; 
but as a Christian Philosopher you will consider that the 
loss of friends is the condition of life, nor can we hold it 
by any other tenure. Mrs. Oughton joins me in wishing 
you all possible happiness, and I am, 

" Dear Sir, 

" Your most faithful Friend and Brother, 
" JAMES ADOLPHUS OUGHTOX." * 



ANOTHER VERSION OP DUNCKERLEY'S 
PARENTAGE. 

The "Gentleman's Magazine" for 1795, page 973, con- 
tains a notice of Dunckerley's death, under date 19th 
November. " At Portsmouth, in his 71st year, Thomas 
Dunckerley, Esq., Provincial Grand Master of Masonry, 

* Lieut.-Col. James Adolphus Oughton was appointed Provincial 
Grand Master for the Island of Minorca by Lord Byron, Grand Master 
of England, in 1749 ; and was Grand Master of Scotland from 17G9 to 
1771. H. S. 



Another version of his Parentage. 25 

and pretty generally supposed to have been a natural son 
of George II." 

On page 1052 of the next monthly part, under the 
heading of " Additions to, and Corrections in, former 
Obituaries," appears the following : 

" The late Mr. Dunckerley was son of a servant maid 
in the family of Sir Robert Walpole, at Houghton, whence 
his father married her, and got the place of porter at 
Somerset House. 

" His mother died when he was very young, and his 
grandmother took care of him till he was put apprentice 
to a barber. From this place he ran away, and got on 
board the ship of Sir John Norris, who was then going 
abroad, Sir Edward Walpole, informed of this circum- 
stance, wrote to Sir John (we do not know whether he 
had been knighted at that time), requesting that the boy 
might have such instruction given him as the ship would 
afford. He seems to have continued in the sea-service, as 
the next we have heard of him was his being at the siege 
of Quebec by Wolfe, where he behaved so well as to have 
had a recommendation to fill some employment in the 
Naval Academy at Portsmouth, which he did with credit. 
About twenty years ago he availed himself of the remark- 
able likeness he bore to the Royal Family, to get it repre- 
sented to his Majesty that the late King was in truth his 
father, and that he owed his existence to a visit which that 
King, when Prince, had paid to Houghton, and he ventured 
to refer to Sir Edward Walpole for his knowledge of the 
circumstances. His Majesty, ever attentive to charitable 
applications, directed inquiry to be made of Sir Edward. 
Mr. D. had apprised this gentleman of what he had done ; 
Sir Edward expressed his astonishment that he should 
refer to him to support such a tale ; then for the first time 
suggested to him who had known him all his life, and then 



26 Thomas Dunckerley. 

brought forward when his father, mother, and grandmother 
were all dead. 

" Sir Edward added, that he had at all times been his 
friend, that he believed him meritorious in the capacity in 
which he had served, but he could never be made an in- 
strument of imposing this story as true. He, however, 
got a pension and apartments at Hampton Court, and was 
afterwards entered at some inn of court, and called to the 
bar, but not succeeding, soon quitted that profession." 

It is somewhat strange that the anonymous writer of 
this version of Dunckerley's history should have waited 
until after his death before making it public. A.t first 
sight the story seems sufficiently plausible but it contains 
several statements which are pure fiction, as I shall here- 
after be able to prove, and certain others which may 
justly be described as doubtful ; so that its value, from an 
historical point of view, is very slight. In short, it savours 
too much of the " penny-a-line " character to entitle it to 
much respect. Appearing in the "Society " periodical of 
the day it probably answered the purpose of the writer by 
creating a sensation, which no doubt gave rise to other 
stories of a kindred nature, although this was the only 
one, so far as I have been able to ascertain, that appeared 
in print. This cowardly attempt to blacken the memory 
of, and brand as an impostor, one who, whether descended 
from a " Porter at Somerset House," or a Prince at St. 
James's, had certainly made a host of friends, was doubt- 
less the cause of considerable pain to those with whom he 
had been intimately associated ; it was but natural, there- 
fore that they should have adopted the readiest and most 
efficacious means of refuting the slander. Hence we find 
in "The Freemasons' Magazine" for February, 1796, the 
following circumstantial story, which, it will be observed, 
differs materially in many respects from the one just 
quoted. 



Further Particulars of his Life. 27 

" FURTHER PARTICULARS OF THE LATE 

"THOMAS DUNCKERLEY, ESQ. 

"COMMUNICATED IN HIS OWN HAND- WRITING BY 

HIS EXECUTORS 

" WHICH FULLY CONTRADICT THE MANY IDLE STORIES 
THAT HAVE FOR SOME TIME BEEN IN CIRCULATION 
RESPECTING HIM. 

" Jan. 9, 1760, soon after my return from the siege 
of Quebec, I received an account of my mother's death ; 
and having obtained permission from my captain to be 
absent from duty, I went to London and attended her 
funeral. * Among the very few that 1 invited to this 
ceremony was Mrs. Pinkney, who had been many years a 
neighbour to my mother in Somerset-house. On our 
return from the burial, she desired I would call on her the 
next day (and not bring my wife with me) having some- 
thing of consequence to tell me. I waited on her accord- 
ingly ; and the following is the substance of what she 
related to me, as I took it in writing : 

" ' Mary Dunckerley being dangerously ill with the 
gout in her stomach (Jan. 2, 1760), and believing it will 
be her death, is desirous, at the request of her friend, 
Mrs. Pinkney, that the following account may be made 
known to her son in the most secret manner, and to none 
but him. 

"'At the latter end of November, 1723, Mr. Dunc- 
kerley went to Chatsworth, in Derbyshire, on some 
business for the Duke of Devonshire, and did not return 
till the May following. At Christmas I went to see Mrs. 
Meekin at Lady Ranelagh's. Mr. L y happened to 
come there, and paid me the greatest respect ; and hinted 
that I stood in my own light, or I might be the happiest 

* Mary Dunckerley was interred in the burial-ground of the Chapel 
Royal, Savoy, Jan. 11, 1760. H. S. 



28 Thomas Dunckerley. 

woman in England. I knew his meaning, but made no 
reply, and went back to Somerset-house the next day. A 
fortnight after, I had an invitation to Lady Ranelagh's, and 
her coach was sent for me. I was surprised to find Mr. 

L y there again. He handed me from the coach to the 

parlour ; where, to my future unhappiness, I found the Prince 
of Wales, whom I had too well known before my unhappy 
marriage. At his request (for I could deny him nothing) 
I stayed several days, during which time he made me five 
visits, and on Candlemas day I went home. 

" ' Soon after I found myself sick and breeding, and was 
resolved to make an end of my life. I was taken very ill. 
Lady Stanley came to see me ; but I could not let her know 
my disorder. Mrs. Meeking came to see me ; and I told her 
the consequence of what had happened. The next day she 
came again, and brought me bank bills for 50 inclosed in a 
cover from Mr. Lumley acquainting me that it was by the 
Prince's command. She said Lady Ranelagh was coming to 
see me ; and in less than an hour her ladyship came ; they ad- 
vised me to go in the country, and said a house was taken 
for me at Richmond ; but I was obstinate, and said I would 
not go out of the house until I was brought to-bed. I desired 

that they would never let the Prince of Wales or Mr. L y 

know that I was with child ; and I never found they did. 
Dr. Mead attended me. He ordered me to be bled, and in 
two days I could sit up. 

" * Mr. Dunckerley came from Chatsworth in May, and 
seemed not displeased to find me with child. I disdained to 
deceive him ; and told him what had happened. He com- 
mended my conduct with so much joy, that I could not help 
despising his meanness ; and his barbarous behaviour to me 
in the last month of my time was what I always resented, 
when he threw a cat in my face, and swore that he would 
mark the bastard. Our separation soon followed after my 
delivery ; and he kept the secret on his own account ; for he 



Further Particulars of his Life. 29 

had two places, and considerable advantages, as the price of 
my folly. 

" ' My son might have been known to his royal father, 
and I might have lived in as elegant a manner as Mrs. H. 
or Miss B. ; * but my dear mother reclaimed me from so 
criminal a passion ; and dread of public shame prevented 
my making it known. ' 

" This is what Mrs. Pinkney assured me was my mother's 
declaration on her death-bed ; for she departed this life five 
days after. She also told me that my grandmother Boldnest, 
Mrs. Cannon, a midwife, f and herself, were present at my 
birth, Oct. 23, 1724; that my mother then declared the 
Prince of Wales was my father ; and that my grandmother 
and mother requested it might be kept a secret. 

" Mrs. Pinkney also informed me that my mother was a 
physician's daughter, and lived with Mrs. W. when the 
Prince of Wales debauched her ; but that Mrs. W. discovered 
what had happened, and had her married to Mr. Dunckerley, 
who was then attending the Duke of Devonshire, on a visit 
to Sir R. W. J at Houghton. 

" This information gave me great surprise and much 
uneasiness ; and as I was obliged to return immediately to 
my duty on board the Vanguard, I made it known to no 
person at that time but Captain Swanton. He said that 
those who did not know me would look on it to be nothing 
more than a gossip's story. 

" We were then bound a second time to Quebec, and 
Captain Swanton did promise me that on our return to England 
he would endeavour to get me introduced to the King, and 

* Probably Mrs. Howard, afterwards Lady Suffolk, and "the 
beautiful Mary Bellenden," maids of honour to the Princess of Wales. 
Here as elsewhere, where notes are added to the original text, I have 
marked them H. S. 

+ "Mrs. Cannon, midwife to the royal family," died llth December, 
1754. H. S. 

J Sir Robert Walpole. H. S. 



30 Thomas Dunckerley. 

that lie would give me a character ; but, when we came 
back to England, the King was dead. 

" I had flattered myself that my case would be laid before 
the King, and that I should have the honour and happiness 
to be presented to my royal master and. father ; and that his 
majesty, on recollecting the several circumstances, would 
have granted me an appointment equal to my birth ; but, 
by the demise of my most gracious sovereign, my expecta- 
tions were frustrated, and all my hopes subsided. 

" In January, 1761, I waited on Sir E. W.* and asked 
his opinion, if I was like the late King ? But, as he was 
pleased to say that he saw no resemblance, I did not, at that 
time, acquaint him with my reason for asking such a 
question. 

" Soon after I was appointed by Lord Anson to be gunner 
of the Prince (a ship of the second rate); but being too 
well convinced that the late King was my father, I could not 
suppress a pride that rose superior to my station in the navy ; 
yet I remained in that sphere till the war was ended ; and, 
in 1764, I was superannuated by the interest of Lord 
Digby. 

" At the siege of Louisburg, Admiral Boscawen granted 
me a warrant as teacher of the mathematics on board the 
Vanguard, in addition to my being gunner of the same 
ship ; and, though I discharged both duties for three years 
to the satisfaction of my captain, yet, when I expected to 
have received my pay, 130, as teacher of the mathematics 
on board the Vanguard, it could not be obtained, because 
Lord Anson had not confirmed the warrant which I received 
from Admiral Boscawen. This unexpected loss, in addition 
to sickness in my family, and the expence of having my 
daughter's right leg cut off above the knee (which was 
occasioned by a fall), brought me in debt 300. 

* Sir Edward Walpole. II. S. 



Further Particulars of his Life. 31 

" Mrs. Pinkney being dead, I knew of no person living 
who could authenticate the story she had told me ; and, as 
I was unskilled in the ways of court, I saw no probability of 
gaining access to the royal ear, or his Majesty's belief of 
what I had been told concerning my birth. * Fearful of 
being arrested, I left the kingdom in August, 1764 ; and, 
having ordered the principal part of my superannuation- 
pension for the support of my wife and family during my 
absence, I sailed with Captain Ruthven, in the Guadaloupe 
for the Mediterranean ; and here it was that I had the hap- 
piness to be known to Lord William Gordon, who was going 
to join his regiment at Minorca. 

" In June, 1765, I was put on shore at Marseilles, being 
seized with the scurvy to a violent degree ; but by the bles- 
sing of God, and the benefit of that fine climate, I was per- 
fectly restored to health in less than six weeks, when I 
received a letter from Captain Ruthven, inclosing a recom- 
mendation of me to his Excellency Colonel T. at Minorca. 

" I took an opportunity of sailing for that island, and 
waited on Colonel Townsend, who received me with great 
friendship. I remained there six weeks, during which time 
I was constantly at his Excellency's table ; but no employ- 
ment offered that was in his power to dispose of. 

" I had (in the confidence of friendship) acquainted several 
officers in the army and navy with the account I had 
received from Mrs. Pinkney, and they were all of opinion I 
should endeavour to get it represented to some of the royal 
family. 

" Some gentlemen of the LODGE at GIBRALTAR, knowing 
my distress, sent me 20 to Minorca ; and on the same day 

I received a letter from Mr. Edward M at Marseilles, 

with an order to draw on him for 10. Thus being enabled 
to undertake a journey through France, I resolved to return 

* Ann Pinkney was interred in the burial-ground of the Chapel 
Royal, Savoy, 15th April, 1761. H. S. 



32 Thomas Dunckerley. 

to England, and try to get my case laid before the Duke of 
Cumberland. 

" I sailed from Minorca on the first of October, and landed 
two days after at Toulon, whence I went through Marseilles 
to Nismes, in Languedoc, to wait on Captain Ruthven and 

my good friend Mr. M . Captain R. gave me a letter 

to Admiral Keppel [then a Lord of the Admiralty], request- 
ing his assistance for my obtaining 130 due to me for 
having taught the mathematics on board the Vanguard, 
and after staying three days at Nismes, I set out for 
Paris. 

" When I entered the capital of France, I had only two 
louis d'ors left, and a small bill which Mr. M. had insisted 
on my taking. 

" Soon after I came to Paris I had the honour of an in- 
vitation to breakfast with Lord William Gr. at 1'Hotel 
Deltragnes. His lordship knowing how much I was dis- 
tressed, begged (with the greatest politeness) that I would 
give him leave to present me with 200, assuring me that 
he should receive as much pleasure in bestowing it as it was 
possible for me to enjoy in the possession.* 

" My surprise at this instant could only be exceeded by 
my gratitude to this generous young nobleman. 

"After staying five days at Paris I went by the route of 
Lisle to Dunkirk, and thence to Calais, where I arrived on 
the 5th of November, and was informed (to my great grief 
and disappointment) that the Duke of. Cumberland was 
dead. 

" I embarked the next day for Dover ; on the 7th got to 
London, and had the happiness to discharge 150 of my 
debt. I removed my family from Plymouth to the apart- 
ment in Somerset-house, where my mother had resided near 

* This gentleman who was a younger brother of Alexander, 4th 
Duke of Gordon, was Deputy Ranger of St. James' Park for many 
years. He died in 1823. H. S. 



Further Particulars of his Parentage. 33 

forty years ; and at her decease it was continued to me by 
an order from the late Duke of Devonshire. 

" The next year (1766) I was honoured with the notice 
and friendship of several persons of distinction, who en- 
deavoured to convey the knowledge of my misfortunes to the 
Princess Dowager of Wales and Princess Amelia, but it did 
not meet with success. In April, 1767, General O. 1 (who 
had known me for several years) acquainted Lord H. 2 with 
my situation ; and that nobleman, with the assistance of Mr. 
W., 3 laid my mother's declaration before the King. His 
Majesty read it, seemed much concerned, and commanded 
that an inquiry should be made of my character from Lord 
C. 4 and Sir E. W. 5 who had known me from infancy. The 
account they gave of me was so satisfactory to the King, 
that he was graciously pleased to order me a pension of 
100 a-year from his privy purse, May 7, 1767. 

" The next morning I received the following letter from 
Lord H. 
" ' Sir, 

" ' I saw General 0. last night, and am happy to find 
that we have not been unsuccessful in our attempt to serve 
you, and hope it will be an earnest to something better. My 
friend Mr. W. had the happiness to lay your case before a 
King, possessed of every virtue that can adorn a crown. 
Don't call on me to-morrow, for I am going to Chatham 
with the Duke of Gloucester ; any other time I shall be 
happy to see a man possessed of so fair a character, which I 
value above everything in this life. 

" ' Your friend and humble servant, 

" ' H .' 

" I had also congratulatory letters from the Duke of 
Beaufort, Lord Viscount Townshend, General Oughton, and 
many of my friends." 

1, General Oughton; 2, Lord Harcourt; 3, Mr. Worsley ; 4, Lord 
Chesterfield ; 5, Sir Edward Walpole. H. S. 

D 



34 Thomas Dunckerley. 

There is one circumstance in connection with the foregoing 
story which I cannot quite understand. According to Mrs. 
Pinkney's statement there were certainly four women in 
possession of this very interesting secret of Dunckerley's 
paternity, one of whom was a midwife. How many of the 
other sex shared it with them we have no means of ascer- 
taining. Bearing in mind Mr. Dunckerley's "joy " on 
being informed of the result of his partner's frailty, it seems 
scarcely credible that he should have heen able to withstand 
the temptation of making others acquainted with his extra- 
ordinary good fortune. Moreover, I fail to see how he could 
have had (as Mrs. Dunckerley tells us) " two places, and 
several considerable advantages, as the price of my folly," 
unless that folly was known to those who were instru- 
mental in getting him the appointments. In view of these 
facts and certain others which will he hereafter noted, I find 
it extremely difficult to believe in the inviolability of the sup- 
posed secret, although the facts might not have been known 
to Dunckerley himself. With this exception I see nothing 
improbable or inconsistent in the story. The Royal per- 
sonage referred to was I believe more remarkable for courage 
than for conjugal fidelity.* And as for the lady judging 
from her own confession she appears to have been more 
decent and much less mercenary than many others who have 
been similarly distinguished. 

Whether she was " a servant maid in the family of Sir 
Robert Walpole " or " a physician's daughter, and lived 
with Mrs. W." is not of material import. She may have 
been a governess, lady's-maid, or what is now described in the 
advertisement columns as a " Lady-help," or companion. 
I must, however, confess my inability to swallow the first 
paragraph of the anonymous version with the readiness of 

* George II. is celebrated as being the last King of England who 
commanded in person on the battle-field. His final appearance in this 
character was at the battle of Dettingen in 1743. IT. S. 




-///.>/ ////// //:!/>//. f. / /'// (Vs.//:: 



.uT77TTi.< n die 



a, .- 



( . ' 

//<;/>.! //,; / 



Further Particulars of his Parentage. 35 

some of its recent supporters. It seems to me most unlikely 
that a mere porter's wife separated from her husband should 
have been allowed free quarters in a Royal Palace for " near 
forty years" for the remainder of her life in fact for 
that she ended her days there T have not the smallest doubt, 
having recently seen the record of her burial, at all events, 
the burial of a " Mary Dunckerley " in the Register of the 
Chapel Royal, Savoy, the date of which interment agrees 
with that given by Dunckerley as the period of his mother's 
death. 

We may, therefore, reason ably'conclude that the story 
of his mother having " died when he was very young " has 
no foundation. 

At the period of which I am writing Somerset House 
was used for precisely the same purpose as Hampton Court 
Palace is used at the present time ; it was a Royal alms- 
house or home for pensioners of the Crown. 

Stow, in his " Survey of London," says that Somerset 
House was formerly the property of the Duke of Somerset, 
" but he being attainted soon after the building was com- 
pleted, it fell to the Crown and has usually been assigned for 
the residence of the Dowager-Queen, as it was to Queen 
Catherine, Dowager of King Charles the Second ; but as 
none of the Royal Family reside there, several of the 
nobility and officers of the Court are permitted to have 
lodgings in it."* The present Somerset House was erected 

* It may possibly interest some of my readers to know in what 
manner this "fine property " came into the possession of the Crown. If I 
rightly remember my history the original owner was a wealthy nobleman 
whose power and importance in the State were so great as to have 
earned for him the distinctive title of " Lord Protector." He seems to 
have been very fond of pomp and pageantry, and one fine morning 
while taking a prominent part in a grand public ceremonial on Tower 
Hill, he met with a serious accident, which so altered his condition, 
that his new palace in the Strand was deemed too large for his future 
requirements. His friends, therefore, removed him to a much smaller 

D 2 



36 Thomas Dunckerley. 

on the site of the old building described by Stow, between 
the years 1776 and 1780, since which period it has been 
used for the purposes of the Government. On the demoli- 
tion of the former structure the residents (among whom 
was Dunckerley) were allotted apartments in Hampton 
Court Palace ; his anonymous biographer was not, therefore, 
strictly accurate in stating that "he got a pension and 
apartments at Hampton Court." I mention this merely to 
show that the writer in question could not have been very 
familiar with his subject or he would have been more pre- 
cise in his statements. Indeed the whole of his story 
savours more of hearsay or gossip than of actual know- 
ledge. 

At a future stage I purpose placing before my readers 
such particulars of Dunckerley's naval career as I have 
been able to glean from the Admiralty Records. I shall not 
therefore now examine in detail the account of his boyhood, 
given by the writer just referred to. I may, however, men- 
tion the fact that the said Records disprove the story of 
Dunckerley's having been employed in the Naval Academy 
after the siege of Quebec, while they confirm his own 
statement, that he was obliged to resume his duty on board 
his ship, then about to return to the North American 
station. It has been a matter of surprise to certain writers 
that Dunckerley should not have endeavoured at once to test 
the accuracy of Mrs. Pinkney's information ; but for my 
part I see nothing extraordinary in the omission. Bearing 
in mind the onerous and important services then required 
from the gunner of a ship of the size of the Vanguard, 



tenement, but one in every way suited to his reduced circumstances. 
In order to prevent the noble building from falling into decay the Govern- 
ment of the period kindly undertook the charge of it ; and probably 
with theviewof preventingany unseemly disputes amongst his relatives the 
said Government retained possession of it, and in due course handed it over 
to their successors together with the rest of the Crown properties. H. S. 



Further Particulars of his Parentage. 37 

carrying seventy guns, only just returned from a cruise, and 
being about to sail again immediately " with stores," it is 
rather a matter of surprise to me that he got permission to 
be absent from his post even for the few days necessary for 
the interment of his mother ; and it is highly probable that, 
had he exceeded his leave for his own private purposes, he 
would have been severely punished. It will be seen that 
the anonymous writer frequently mentions Sir Edward Wai- 
pole in a way that might lead to the inference that his 
information came direct from him, which is hardly likely, 
Sir Edward having been dead about ten years when the 
article was written. 

It is impossible to reconcile the two versions of the part 
taken by this gentleman, as both before and after Duncker- 
ley's death he is referred to as one of his chief benefactors ; 
indeed it would appear that it was owing to the good offices 
of Sir Edward Walpole and Lord Chesterfield that his re- 
cognition was ultimately brought about. On the other hand 
we are told that the gentleman in question was strongly 
opposed to Dunckerley's claims, although both accounts 
agree in stating that he had known him from infancy. It 
seems to me that probabilities are decidedly in favour of the 
Dunckerley story. Sir Edward Walpole, K.B., second son 
of the celebrated statesman, Sir Robert Walpole, was born 
in 1706, and died unmarried in 1784. He was evidently a 
person of considerable importance at the Courts of both 
George II. and his successor, having filled the post of Chief 
Secretary of Ireland, under the Duke of Devonshire, who, 
according to Dunckerley, had ordered that the apartment 
in Somerset House formerly occupied by his mother, should 
at her decease, be continued to him, and which order is said 
to have been given several years before the question of 
Dunckerley's paternity came to the front. 

It is rather curious also, that Dunckerley's nominal father 
should have been in attendance on the Duke of Devonshire at 



38 Thomas Dunckerley. 

the time of his marriage and still have remained in the 
service of that nobleman. Had he been merely a " porter at 
Somerset House " it is hardly probable that he would have 
been sent in the country " on some business for the Duke of 
Devonshire " which occupied him for a period of six months. 

In Mrs. Dunckerley 's confession a Mr. Lumley figures some- 
what prominently, and it is but fair to state that this name 
is frequently mentioned in the lists of promotions, &c., during 
the early period of the reign of George II. In 1731, John 
Lumley, Esq. (brother of the Earl of Scarborough), was 
appointed Colonel of a Company of Grenadiers. 

In 1733 he was appointed " a Commissioner for execut- 
ing the office of Master of the Horse." In 1737, John 
Lumley, Esq. is mentioned as " Gentleman of the Horse to 
his Majesty." 

" The Hon. John Lumley, Esq., brother to the Earl of 
Scarborough, member for Arundel, Groom of the Bed- 
Chamber to the Prince of Wales, Col. of a Company in the 
2nd Reg. of Foot Guards/' died on 16th Oct. 1739. These 
notices apparently refer to the same person, and it is not 
unlikely that it was this gentleman who made himself so 
peculiarly useful to his future sovereign on the occasion re- 
ferred to. 

DUNCKERLEY IN THE ROYAL NAVY. 

It will be remembered that Dunckerley's biographer says 
that suffering from a thirst for glory he left school abruptly 
at the age of ten, and entered the Royal Navy, but the ship 
in which he first endeavoured to cure himself of his rather 
precocious complaint is not mentioned. As, however, the 
name of Sir John Norris heads the list of commanders under 
whom Dunckerley says he served, there may be some truth 
in the subsequent statement, that " he got aboard the ship of 
Sir John Norris, who was then going abroad." As a matter 



His Naval Services. 39 

of fact Sir John did go abroad about the time that 
Dunckerley is said to have entered the sea-service, and it 
was in command of as fine a gathering of the " old wooden 
walls " as ever left our shores. 

Early in the year 1735, big Spain endeavoured, with a 
fair amount of success, to pick a quarrel with little Portugal, 
who pluckily showed fight, at the same time appealing to 
England for assistance. Sir Eobert Walpole, who was then 
at the head of the government, immediately responded by 
sending a fleet into the Tagus, consisting of twenty-five 
ships of the line with several fire-ships, together mounting 
1,716 guns. Sir John Norris carried his flag as Admiral of 
the Fleet on board the Britannia, 100 guns. I have 
searched the pay lists of the period of several ships of this 
fleet, but no such name as Dunckerley is to be found therein, 
so whether our very young sailor took part in this magnificent 
demonstration I cannot now determine. For my own part I 
am inclined to think he did, as the fleet sailed in May, and 
he would then have been ten years and six months old. 
Possibly he may have been too young for a place on the 
ship's books. The appearance on the scene of this formidable 
squadron produced a speedy and most salutary change in 
the aspect of affairs. The King of Spain suddenly discovered 
that there were no real grounds for quarrelling with his 
neighbour, and that it was quite a mistake to imagine that he 
had the remotest intention of enlarging his own territory. 
The best course, therefore, he thought, was to shake hands and 
be friends, intimating that if there was one person he really 
liked better than another, that favoured individual was his 
little brother Portugal. 

Matters being thus amicably settled, " Foul weather 
Jack," as he was called by the sailors, weighed anchor and 
returned to England, having had no occasion to use a single 
one of the hundreds of solid and weighty arguments he was 
quite ready to bring to bear on the subject. 



40 Thomas Dunckerley. 

The earliest mention of Dunckerley to be found in the 
Admiralty Records is on the 19th February, 1744, when he 
was appointed schoolmaster of the Edinburgh, a seventy 
gun ship in the Channel Squadron ; he would then be twenty 
years of age, and must have made very good use of his time 
to have qualified himself for the position. England was 
then at war with France and Spain, and preparations were 
in rapid progress on the other side of the channel, having for 
their object a descent on our shores with a view to the re- 
storation of the Stuarts, so that with watching the enemy's 
ports and chasing his cruisers, our " jolly tars " would, 
probably, have had rather a lively time. We can well 
imagine that the boatswain's pipe, or the roll of the drum, 
would occasionally relieve the monotony of scholastic studies 
and send the pupils scampering off to their posts in pursuit 
of far more congenial occupations. As an illustration I give 
the following item of news from the " London Magazine " 
for August, 1745 : 

" An express arrived at the Admiralty from Plymouth 
on the 15th with Advice, that on Monday last Admiral 
Martin arriv'd there in his Majesty's ship the Edinburgh, 
with three other Men of War of 70 guns each, from a cruize, 
and brought in with them a French Man of War of 24 guns, 
a Privateer, and a very rich ship from St. Domingo." 

Dunckerley remained in the Edinburgh until the 4th 
March, 1746. On the 20th of May following he was ap- 
pointed gunner of the Fortune sloop, his warrant bearing 
date 22nd of April ; in this vessel he served till the 1st of 
March, 1747, and on the 17th of June we find him gunner 
of the Crown. While in this ship he wrote a number of 
letters to the Earl of Chesterfield descriptive of various ports 
and places of interest in the Mediterranean, several of which 
will appear hereafter. He subsequently served in the same 
capacity in the Nonsuch, Tyger, Eagle, Vanguard, and, 
lastly, in the Prince of 90 guns, from the 27th of March, 



Sis Naval Services. 41 

1761, to the 31st of May, 1763. On the 18th of June, 
1764, he was superannuated. The Vanguard seems 
to have been his favourite ship, his period of service in 
her extending over six years. From October the 1st, 
1757, to March the 26th, 1761, he is described as acting 
in the double capacity of Gunner and Schoolmaster of 
the Vanguard, which, it will be seen, confirms his own 
statement. 

Some years ago a well-known masonic writer alluded to 
Dunckerley as a " mere gunner " probably under a wrong 
impression ; it may be as well therefore to mention that a 
gunner in the Royal Navy is an officer appointed by war- 
rant after a very strict examination. He takes prior rank 
to the boatswain and carpenter, he must have been fairly 
well educated, have a general knowledge of seamanship, 
and be thoroughly efficient in the science and practice of 
gunnery. The armament, ammunition, warlike stores, and 
everything relating thereto are under his immediate care, 
and he must keep an account of their receipt and expenditure. 
In short, he is responsible for every article required for 
either offensive or defensive operations being in perfect 
order and ready for use ; and when I state that the duties 
of a gunner, as laid down in the Admiralty Regulations, fill 
nearly eight closely printed pages, it will readily be under- 
stood that the office must be one of considerable responsi- 
bility. It is hardly likely to have been less important in 
the days when war was the rule and peace the exception, 
and when instead of a small number of heavy guns, worked 
chiefly by mechanical appliances, the gunner had a much 
more numerous family whose daily wants demanded his 
unremitting attention. To have been appointed to a post 
of this description before he was twenty-two years of age, 
Dunckerley must have been a man of exceptional merit 
and uncommon abilities, and that he should have attained 
no higher rank in the service appears most extraordinary. 



42 Thomas Dunckerley. 

It would have been exceedingly gratifying to me, and pro- 
bably interesting to the reader, could I have furnished 
some account of the engagements in which, during his long 
period of active service, he doubtless took part, but as he 
with becoming, although to me, provoking modesty, only 
mentions the two which have a bearing on the personal 
narrative of his parentage, we must be content with a brief 
notice of these. 

With the exception of the Fortune, sloop, and the 
Guadaloupe, all of Dunckerley's ships, of which we have 
any record, appear to have been of the class coming under 
the category of ships of the line ; vessels of heavy tonnage, 
usually carrying not less than sixty guns, and as these were 
not so well adapted for cruising purposes and independent 
action as the smaller vessels, our naval histories contain 
but few references to their doings, while they abound with 
descriptions of the daring exploits of the smart frigates and 
ships of a lighter draught. 

About the middle of the last century, Louisburg, Cape 
Breton, was held by the French, who, having lost it to a 
party of English colonists from Massachusetts in 1745, 
materially improved the town and strengthened its defences 
after its restoration to them in 1 748. Ten years later it 
was considered an important stronghold, and the English 
naturally wanted it back again, its possession forming a part 
of the programme for the conquest of all North America. 
Early in 1758 Admiral Boscawen was dispatched from 
England with a strong fleet carrying a well-equipped army, 
under the command of two daring and sagacious Generals, 
Amherst and Wolfe, "Men of Kent," and soldiers from 
boyhood, each having entered the army at the age of 
fourteen. The fleet anchored before Louisburg on the 2nd 
of June, and having captured or destroyed the French ships 
left to protect the place, the Admiral landed the troops in 
the face of tremendous opposition from the elements as well 



Sis Naval Services. 43 

as the enemy, Wolfe, it is said, being the first to spring 
from the boat into the raging surf. 

By avoiding dissension (invariably the source of disaster) 
and acting strictly in concert, the British naval and military 
forces soon compelled the enemy to capitulate, and by the 
27th of July the whole island was in possession of the 
English. 

Whether Dunckerley's having distinguished himself in 
any way at this siege was the reason of Admiral Boscawen's 
notice of him it is impossible to say, it is plain however, 
that the Admiral must have had a high opinion of his con- 
duct as well as of his capacity, or he would not have granted 
him " a warrant as teacher of the mathematics " in addition 
to the post which he already held as gunner of the Van- 
guard. 

The siege of Quebec at which Dunckerley is said to have 
" behaved so well " was a much more important business. 
It was an example of military daring and skill which I feel 
sure that all readers of English history must look upon with 
mingled feelings of pride, pleasure, and regret, and although 
battle scenes may possibly appear somewhat out of place in 
these pages, I am of opinion that a brief description of so 
memorable an event, in which qualities ever dear to the 
English heart were displayed to their fullest extent, cannot 
be too widely spread, and will not be without interest to 
many of my readers, particularly as Dunckerley took part in 
the labours and shared in the honours of the victory. 

In the spring of 1759 Admiral Saunders sailed from 
Portsmouth with a powerful fleet, having on board a com- 
paratively small but well-appointed body of troops under the 
command of General Wolfe, the main object being the re- 
duction of Quebec, hitherto deemed impregnable. It had 
been arranged that Generals Amherst and Prideaux, then 
engaged in the interior, should join forces with Wolfe at 
Quebec, but various delays and difficulties prevented the 



44 Thomas Dunckerky. 

execution of this design, and on Wolfe's arrival in the St. 
Lawrence at the latter end of June, he found himself thrown 
upon his own resources. He however disembarked his 
troops on the Isle of Orleans, a little below Quebec, on the 
27th of June. The Marquis de Montcalm, the French 
Governor of Canada, and commander of the forces at 
Quebec, a man of great courage and experience, imme- 
diately adopted vigorous measures for the defence of the 
capital. He first endeavoured to prevent the British from 
landing, and then from erecting batteries which they had 
commenced as soon at they reached the shore, but in this he 
failed. On the same night a terrible storm blew down the 
river, driving several of the large ships from their anchors 
and sinking some of the smaller ones. In the midst of the 
storm the enemy sent down a number of fire-ships intended 
for the destruction of the fleet, and had the attempt been 
successful, disaster and defeat would doubtless have been the 
portion of the invaders, but fire-ships and British seamen 
were old acquaintances from the days of the " Invincible 
Armada." 

With characteristic coolness and intrepidity they inter- 
cepted the blazing craft in their boats before they could 
reach their own ships and towed them to the river banks, 
where those who sent them had the equivocal satisfaction of 
seeing them burn to the water's edge without doing the least 
injury. From the heights of Quebec this fiery fleet under 
weigh must have presented a magnificent spectacle, well 
calculated to infuse hope and enthusiasm into the bosoms of 
the besieged, and to strike terror and confusion into the 
hearts of the besiegers ; but however pleasing the sight may 
have been to the French inhabitants the result was pro- 
bably not quite what had been anticipated. 

Montcalm was not, however, the man to be disheartened 
by a single failure, but finding that fully-rigged ships made 
rather costly bonfires, and vessels being probably scarce, he 



His Naval Services. 45 

hit upon a plan somewhat less expensive. A month later, 
the tide being favourable, he sent down a number of huge 
rafts laden with burning timber and other combustibles, 
which our gallant tars, animated no doubt by a desire that 
the spectators should have the full benefit of the grand dis- 
play, obligingly treated as they had done the ships. Quebec 
was at this time strongly fortified, and its natural situation 
always rendered it extremely difficult to carry by assault, 
for it stands on a steep rock at the junction of the rivers St. 
Lawrence and St. Charles, whose rocks and shoals gave 
additional security, so that it was virtually inaccessible on 
three of its sides a second Gibraltar, in fact. 

The French had availed themselves of every point of vantage 
for erecting batteries and entrenchments, out of which Wolfe 
vainly endeavoured to draw them ; but he had to deal with an 
opponent equally shrewd, and not a whit less brave and 
determined than himself. In the midst of a hostile popu- 
lation and harrassed by bands of savages in the pay of the 
enemy, Wolfe was compelled to depend on the fleet for sup- 
plies, and knowing that when these were exhausted his posi- 
tion would be untenable, he determined upon attacking the 
enemy in his intrenchments. His plans were well laid, but 
the force at his command was far too weak for so desperate 
an enterprise, and owing to the difficulties of landing, and 
the impetuosity of a portion of the attacking party, who 
the moment they reached the shore, rushed up towards the 
entrenchments instead of waiting for their supports, they 
were nearly annihilated by the guns of the enemy. Night 
coming on with a storm brewing, the attempt was abandoned, 
and Wolfe made the best of his way back to the camp, his 
comparatively small force having been weakened to the 
extent of about 800 men. 

This failure had a most depressing effect on the spirits of 
the British, for the situation was becoming desperate, and 
even Wolfe himself took a desponding view of the enter- 



46 Thomas Dunckerley. 

prise. This may in some measure be accounted for by 
approaching illness, for he was shortly afterwards stricken 
down with fever which compelled a cessation of active 
hostilities. On his recovery he renewed his efforts to draw 
the French from their entrenchments, but to no purpose. 
Despairing of success in this direction, he consulted the 
naval commanders and a plan was agreed upon, which from 
its very audacity gave hopes of success. This was to scale 
the heights of Abraham at the back of Quebec where the 
defences were weakest. The troops were therefore re-em- 
barked unobserved by the enemy, and taking advantage of 
a favourable wind and tide, the Admiral sailed up the river 
as if bound on a surveying expedition or a pleasure trip, 
not even wasting a passing shot on the fortifications. 

A suitable spot having been selected for the landing, the 
ships continued their course several leagues higher up the 
river, and when the night was at its darkest, the Admiral 
dropped quietly down with the tide with all his boats out in 
readiness for the daring attempt. Owing to the skill and 
caution of the sailors and the excellent discipline of the 
soldiers, the French sentinels posted along the banks of the 
river were all passed without an alarm being given. 

The first to land were some Highlanders, who began to 
climb the face of the rocks, using their hands more than their 
feet, and grasping at every bush and projection that could 
facilitate their ascent ; they were followed in a similar 
manner by the remainder of the troops. The French guard 
above their heads hearing a noise, but seeing nothing, fired 
down the precipice, but did no further harm than arousing 
the sentries adjacent. Some of our men who evidently did 
not appreciate being shot at for nothing, returned their fire 
at random, which so terrified the French that they bolted, 
and left their captain, who being wounded and taken 
prisoner, begged our officers to sign a certificate to the pur- 
port that he really was wounded and had not run away, lest 



His Naval Services. 47 

he should be punished as corrupted, believing that this bold 
enterprise would be deemed impossible without corruption. 

Wolfe now stood on the heights of Abraham; but exces- 
sive fatigue and disease, the French and their confederates 
had reduced his army to less than 5,000 men. He had no 
artillery, but his men seized four guns in one of the enemy's 
batteries, and the English seamen managed to haul up one 
small gun from the landing-place. Fortunately for our 
people, Montcalm came on in so great a hurry that he had 
only time to bring two small field-pieces. At first he could 
hardly believe the evidence of his senses so impossible did 
it seem for an army to ascend those dangerous cliffs. After 
lining the bushes with detachments of Indians, the French 
and Canadians came on in fairly good order, but they opened 
an irregular fire at too great a distance to be effective. 

The English reserved their fire until the enemy was well 
within range, and then they poured in a terrible discharge. 
This first volley was succeeded by a most steady and de- 
liberate fire, and, in less than half-an-hour the French began 
to waver. But as Wolfe stood in the front line cheering 
his men, a musket ball struck his wrist. He wrapped a 
handkerchief round the wound, and put himself at the 
head of his grenadiers, who had fixed bayonets for the 
charge, when he was hit by a second ball in the groin ; but he 
seemed scarcely to heed this more serious injury, and con- 
tinued giving his orders, until he received his death 
wound, for a third ball struck him in the breast and brought 
him to the ground. His men, stricken with grief, at once 
carried him to the rear. As his eyes were growing dim, he 
heard a wounded officer near him exclaim, " See how they 
run ! " Who run ? faintly inquired Wolfe. "The French ! " 
replied the officer, " they give way in all directions." 
" Then," said the hero, " I die content ! " and after ordering 
Webb's regiment to move down to Charles River and secure 
the bridge in order to cut off the enemy's retreat, he expired. 



48 Thomas Di/nckfrley. 



General Monckton, the second in command, was dangerously 
wounded, but Townshend completed the victory. Montcalm 
received a mortal wound in attempting to rally the French, 
and his second in command was made prisoner and con- 
veyed on board an English ship, where he died the next day 
of his wounds. In this fierce contest the French lost 1,500 
men and the British 640. The city of Quebec capitulated 
on the 18th of September (five days after the battle), and 
the possession of Canada was finally secured to Great Britain 
by the treaty of 1763. 

Thus fell, at the early age of thirty-three years, and at 
the moment of a glorious and hard- won victory, one of Eng- 
land's bravest and noblest soldiers. A monument has 
since been erected at Quebec appropriately inscribed with the 
names of the two brave leaders who fell on that memorable day 
Wolfe and Montcalm worthy antagonists, and an honour 
to their respective nations ; although, so far as the former 
is concerned, the dominion of Canada might well be deemed 
a sufficient memorial. 

The death of Wolfe was regarded as a national loss. 
Mourning was worn for him by all classes, and a monument 
in Westminster Abbey was voted to his memory by the House 
of Commons ; but his body was interred in the parish church 
at Greenwich beside that of his father, who died only a few 
days before the news arrived of the death of his son. 
" General Wolfe was not more distinguished for his military 
genius and bravery, his ardent and fearless spirit of enter- 
prise, his thorough knowledge of his profession, and his skill 
as a disciplinarian, than for his religious principles, high- 
souled generosity, amiability, humanity, and exemplary con- 
duct in private life. His name is one of the purest, as well 
as highest, on the roll of our country's military heroes." * 

I regret my inability to account for the encomium passed 

* "The Imperial Dictionary of Universal Biography." 



His Naval Services. 49 

on Dunckerley's conduct at the siege of Quebec. As will have 
been seen the military did most of the fighting, the ships 
being chiefly engaged in the transport duties. The Van- 
guard is not mentioned as having been in action at all on 
the occasion. It is, however, not unlikely that a naval force 
landed on the heights and assisted in the final struggle, in- 
deed the fact of the sailors having dragged a gun up the face 
of the cliff points to this conclusion. If so, Dunckerley may 
have been one of the party, although I believe it is very 
unusual for a gunner to be sent on land service under such 
circumstances. He certainly may have volunteered, having 
a desire to take part in the expected battle, and not being 
required on board, but even this is somewhat doubtful. 

Soon after the fall of Quebec, the Vanguard was sent 
to England, where she arrived early in January, 1760, as 
stated by Dunckerley. She was ordered to return as soon 
as her stores could be got on board, in company with several 
other ships of war, their object being the relief of the capital 
then besieged by the French, Captain Swanton, in the 
Vanguard, being senior commanding officer, and Dunckerley, 
occupying his former post as gunner of the same ship. 

The squadron arrived in the St. Lawrence early in May 
and was fortunately able to ascend the river, but only just in 
time to prevent Quebec falling again into the hands of the 
enemy who had invested the fortress with much spirit both 
by land and sea. The English ships made short work of 
the frigates left to defend the approaches, capturing or de- 
stroying them under the eyes of the French commander, 
who seems to have suddenly arrived at the conclusion that 
after all Quebec was undesirable as a place of permanent 
residence, for the very same night he hastily left the 
neighbourhood with all his belongings, forgetting even to leave 
his address. 

In the month of June following, Dunckerley installed the 
Provincial Grand Master of Canada, so that the story 



50 Thomas Dunckerley. 

of his having been " appointed to some employment in the 
Naval Academy" is evidently unfounded. 

One of the many loose statements about Dunckerley is 
that he sailed in a merchant vessel for the Mediterranean in 
order to escape arrest for debt. How this notion got into the 
head of the writer I cannot conceive, but there is certainly 
no truth in the first part of the statement. The Guada- 
loupe, the ship referred to, was a 32-gun frigate, com- 
manded by Captain the Hon. John Ruthven, with whom 
Dunckerley appears to have been on very friendly terms. 
This officer, who was the second son of James, third Lord 
Ruthven, was made a Mason at the age of twenty-two in 
the Royal Navy Lodge, Deal, on the 7th of September, 1762. 
He was then captain of the Terpsichore frigate, taken 
from the French in 1760. In connection with the name of 
this brother there appears a slight discrepancy between the 
Grand Lodge Register and the naval records, which, at first 
sight, is somewhat puzzling. The column in the former 
which is headed " Remarkable Occurrences " contains the 
curious information that he died on the 7th of September, 
1762, the very day on which he is said to have been initiated. 
This must have been a very remarkable occurrence indeed, 
but " Charnock's Biographia Navalis " tells a different story ; 
it informs us that he continued in the Terpsichore till 
1764, when he was appointed to the Guadaloupe, and em- 
ployed on the Mediterranean station till 1767 ; that he was 
subsequently appointed to the Glory frigate and was sup- 
posed to have died in the year 1771. From another source 
I learn that in the latter part of 1762, while in command of 
the Terpsichore he fought and captured a French ship of war, 
and was wounded in the action. This, at all events, does 
not seem a very ghost-like proceeding ; under the circum- 
stances, therefore, I feel bound to admit the possibility of a 
mistake having in this instance really been made in the 
Secretarial department of the Grand Lodge. 



Freemasonry in Quebec. 51 

THE ORIGIN OF ENGLISH FREEMASONRY IN 
QUEBEC. 

Having frequently mentioned Quebec in the preceding 
pages, I probably cannot do better than finish this part of 
my undertaking by presenting the following verbatim 
extract from a long letter addressed to the Grand Secretary 
on the subject of early Masonry in that Colony. 

At first sight it does not appear to have much connex- 
ion with Dunckerley, but to my mind his handywork is 
plainly visible in the ready and systematic organization of 
the scattered forces into a compact and united body. 

It is copied from an old letter-book, the original being 
written by Brother John Gawler, who belonged to the 
Royal Artillery, but in what capacity I am unable to 
ascertain. 

" Woolwich, 

"Sir, "9th Feb. 1769. 

" As by the death of our late Brother Spencer, his 
office of Grand Secretary has fell to you, and as you may 
not be so well acquainted with the state of Masonry at 
Quebec as he was, so as rightly to understand the accounts 
you may receive from thence, I beg liberty to give you a 
brief account of its origin and progress in that province, and 
how it comes that the lodges there are not entered on the 
printed list. 

"In the winter of the year 1759, when conquest had 
added that capital to His Majesty's dominions, the Masters 
and Wardens of all the Warranted Lodges held in the Regi- 
ments garrisoned there (to the number of eight or nine) 
assembled together and unanimously agreed to choose an 
acting Grand Master to preside over them, the better to 
advance Masonry, regulate their proceedings, and unite them 
in one common band of brotherly love. 

" Agreeable thereto they made choice of Brother 

Guinuett, Lieutenant in the 47th Regiment, and drew out, 

E 2 



52 Thomas Dunckerley. 

sign'd and seal'd a Warrant, empowering him and his suc- 
cessors elected, to congregate them together as a Grand 
Lodge for the intent before mentioned, they having the Con- 
stitutions as their chief guide. 

" This regulation together with the charitable collections 
made and given to the poor widows and orphans of the 
army and the distress'd Canadians, brought the Craft into 
such universal esteem that numbers applied to the different 
Lodges, and was made Masons, inasmuch as to make them 
so numerous, as to oblige the Grand Master to grant War- 
rants from under his present authority, until opportunity 
might offer for them to apply for a greater. 

"The 24th of June, 1760, Brother Simon Frasier, 
Colonel of the Highland Regiment, was elected to preside 
over the Lodges, and Bro. Dunckerley, of His Majesty's 
ship the Vanguard, who was possessed with a power from 
the Grand [Lodge] of England to inspect into the state of 
the Craft wheresoever he might go, honoured them with his 
approbation of their conduct and installed Brother Frasier 
in bis high office. 

" The brethren amongst the merchants being united 
together under a warrant of the above Grand Lodge, con- 
sidering themselves as likely to reside there, made applica- 
tion to the Grand [Lodge] of England, and obtained a 
Warrant. 

" The office of Grand Master was afterwards successively 
filled by the following persons : 

" 27th Dec., 1760, Bro. Augustus Spaner, Capt. in the 
28th Regiment. 

" 27th Dec., 1761, Bro. Milbourne West, Capt. in the 
47th Regiment. 

" About this time many of the above Lodges with their 
regiments having left Quebec, the whole province conquered, 
and many of the Lodges under the above sanction remaining, 
it was resolved to apply to the Grand [Lodge] of England 



Freemasonry in Quebec. 53 

for a Provincial Grand Warrant. Accordingly abstracts of 
their whole proceedings, and a letter praying their Grand 
Authority together with a considerable sum towards the 
General Fund of Charity, was sent and graciously received, 
and their prayer granted ; but through the neglect of the 
Brother who was the bearer of it, the Warrant was not 
taken out to the great disappointment of the Brethren. 

" The following year another sum was sent by the then 
acting Grand Master (Bro. West) who took out the 
Warrant, but never sent it to Quebec. The Lodges still 
continued to assemble, as they understood by the late Grand 
Secretary's letters that their former proceedings was ap- 
proved of, and was presided over by Bro. Turner, Lieut, 
of the 47th Regiment, Bro. Walker, and Bro. Collins, 
Esqrs., and still continued to send to England what they 
could spare from the many calls for charity they had 
there, which was always entered by the Grand Secretary as 
coming from the Merchants' Lodge, though it was the 
united contributions of all the Lodges at Quebec. The 
bearers of this was often impowered to inquire for Bro. 
West and send them the warrant, or apply for another, but 
from some neglect it never was sent out. At my leaving 
Quebec, the brethren honoured me with a particular confi- 
dence, and gave me letters to the Grand [Lodge] praying for 
another warrant, which I presented in November 1767. The 
then D.G. Master, Bro. Salter, Esq., was pleased to grant 
their prayer, and in consideration of the many sums sent on 
that account, ordered that I should have it for paying the 
Clerk's fee ; and as the Lodges then warranted at Quebec, 
had paid large sums at their embodying, part of which had 
been sent to England to the General Fund of Charity, 
granted that the Lodges then subsisting under the former 
sanction should be admitted on the list of regular Lodges, 
on paying for their engraving. And as I did not know the 
exact number then subsisting in Canada, was ordered to 



54 Thomas Dunckerky. 

write them to know, which I did and understand they have 
sent you a list thereof, together with the names of the 
members of each Lodge. 

" This, Sir, is as true an account as my memory will 
admit me to give, and the reason they hope to be admitted 
on the List of Lodges as granted by Brother Salter. 

" My duty called me at Quebec from the time of its 
conquest till July, 1767, most part of which time I had the 
honour to be a member of the Grand Lodge, and sure I am, 
that no body of men could be more desirous to live and act 
up to the Character and Constitutions of Masons, than they 
have been, though they were so unhappy thro' the neglect ol 
Brethren to be so many years without the warranted 
sanction of the Grand [Lodge] of England." 

The remainder of Brother Gawler's letter is not of suffi- 
cient historical import for reproduction. I may, however, 
mention that his story was in a measure confirmed in 1789, 
when a list of the members of the " St. Andrew's Lodge, 
No. 2, Quebec " (No. 178 on the English register) was re- 
ceived by the Grand Secretary of England. This docu- 
ment is headed " List of the Members of St. Andrew's 
Lodge, No. 2. Quebec, acting under a warrant of Consti- 
tution, dated at Quebec 20th October, A.L. 5760, granted 
by the Honourable and Right "Worshipful Colonel Simon 
Fraser, then Provincial Grand Master of Masons in Canada, 
who was installed into that office in virtue of a special 
authority by the Bight Worshipful Thomas Dunckerley, 
Esqr., then an officer of His Majesty's Vanguard man-of- 
war, now Provincial Grand Master of Essex. 

" Quebec, 25th October, 1789." 

The list comprises 70 names, and is very carefully made 
out, giving the " age when admitted " of each brother, his 
"Business or Profession," "Residence," "When made," 
" When admitted a Member," and has a broad marginal 



Freemasonry in Quebec. 55 

column headed "Remarks," which contains a mimher of 
notes and additional information relative to many of the 
members, nine of whom have the initials P.M. appended 
to their names. As may well be imagined nearly every 
trade and profession is represented, as well as nearly every 
part of the colony ; military and naval officers make a goodly 
show, gentlemen, merchants, Indian traders, mariners, 
farmers, and many others are designated, all apparently of 
the well-to-do description. The first name on the list is 
that of " James Thompson, Overseer of work for Quebec," 
made a Mason in Scotland in 1754, and admitted a Mem- 
her on the 20th October, 1760. " S. Warden of the Lodge 
when constituted, now Master." 

No. 2 on the list is Lauchlan Smith, Lord of the 
Manor of St. Ann's, made 5th November, 1760. In the 
" Remarks " column he is described as " P.M., attending 
the duties of the Lodge while in the city." These two 
brethren were evidently living at the time their names were 
returned to Grand Lodge in 1789, and it is therefore 
probable that the information as to the origin of the Lodge 
came from them or from the Lodge records. At the end 
of the list of names is the following note. 

" The above list of members are stated as they appear 
on the Records of the Lodge, omitting the dead, some who 
for conveniency have joined other Lodges, and such as have 
removed to other climates at so an advanced age that we 
believe them not to exist, and a few, who, from their con- 
duct in the society do not merit our attention." 

This appears to have been the last return of members 
made by the St. Andrew's Lodge, although it was retained 
on the official list until 1813, 



DUNCKERLEY'S LODGES. 




THE LODGE OF ANTIQUITY, PORTSMOUTH. 

FEW years ago I had the good fortune to find in 
the archives of the Grand Lodge the following 
letter in the handwriting of Dunckeiiey, which 
conclusively settles the till then open question as to which 
of the two rival Masonic bodies (Ancients or Moderns) 
first received him into the Order. The letter is addressed 
to James Heseltine, Esq. (the Grand Secretary), Doctors' 

Commons : 

" Portsmouth, Dec r - 19th, 1773. 
"My Dear Friend and Bro r . 

" You will not be surprised when I acquaint you 
that we have troublesome Brethren at this place, who I 
think are equal in obstinacy to any we have formerly met 
at the Qua. Com.* You are no stranger to the regard I 
have always express'd for my Mother Lodge at the Three 
Tonns in this Town, and that it was my repeated requests 
which has prevented it being struck off the List for some 
years past; and you are sensible that when I was in Town, 
five weeks ago, I acquainted you with my hopes that I 
should be able to revive the said lodge, and establish it on a 
very respectable footing ; but as it was not then in my 
power to give you a regular List of tbe Members (for not 
one is to be found that has paid any Subscription for more 
than three years past) nor has any Lodge been held. You 



Quarterly Communication. 



The Lodge of Antiquity. 57 

very justly observed that they were subject to the resolutions 
of the Committee, and that paying any money on their ac- 
count to the fund of Charity would not prevent it ; but 
that they would certainly be restor'd if they made a proper 
request to me for that purpose, and it came with my recom- 
mendation, before the Grand Lodge. I then paid five 
Guineas to the fund for building the Hall, together with the 
names of those (to be register'd) which I had made Masons 
at this place in a P.G. Lodge. 

" Judge my surprise when after having summon'd the 
oldest Brethren of the said Lodge, five only came to attend 
me at P.G. Lodge last Friday, when I had the pleasure of 
Sir Peter Parker's company & several other very respect- 
able beside my Grand Officers. After acquainting them 
with my proceedings as above, and that it was proper 
they should write to me requesting to have their Lodge 
restored ; all (except Capt n . Robinson) rejected it with dis- 
dain said they would not write to me for any such purpose, 
nor feed my vanity in any such manner that I had no 
Right to make Masons that I had Pocketted the Money 
and Mr. John Tucker, a Watch-maker, threaten'd me 
that he would shake my Provincialship, and write against 
me to my Grand Seigneur ; surely he did not mean the 
King ? However, supposing he meant Lord Petre ; I have 
this happiness that my general character, together with my 
situation and connexion in life set me above his low malice 
and detraction ; for if I am rightly inform'd he intends to 
impeach me of high crimes, which if he cannot prove, I am 
determined to bring an action on the case for Slander against 
him and all who joyn with him in the said Impeachment or 
Accusation. In short, Sir Peter Parker, the P.G. Officers, 
and my Friends that were present were astonished at his 
indecent behaviour. I expect to be in Town by the middle 
of next month ; but shall hope to hear from you as soon as 
convenient, and that you will acquaint me when the next 



58 Thomas Dunckerley. 

I 

Qua. Com.* is to be held. Sir Peter unites with me & Chez 
Moi in sincere regard for you yourself and all friends. 
" I am, Dear Sir, 

" Yours, with the greatest affection, 
"THO S . DUNCKERLEY." 

It is not surprising that Dunckerley, whose early training 
in the Royal Navy had doubtless given him very strict ideas 
of discipline and respect for lawfully constituted authority, 
should have felt considerable anger at the mutinous conduct 
described in his letter, and it is but natural to conclude that 
the delinquents were at once punished by the deprivation of 
their warrant, and the irrevocable erasure of the lodge. 
Notwithstanding, however, the contemptuous treatment he 
had received at the hands of those whom he had endeavoured 
to benefit, Dunckerley seems to have kept steadily in view 
the first Grand Principle of our Order Brothtrhj Love 
and to have displayed to the last that affectionate regard for 
his mother lodge, which he mentions in the first portion of 
his letter. 

The lodge was certainly erased from the list, but it was on 
the 27th of April, 1773, nine months before the very lively 
meeting so graphically described in the foregoing letter. 
This summary proceeding on the part of the authorities, or 
some other cause, evidently brought the malcontents to 
reason, for on the 25th of February, 1774, the lodge is credited 
by the Grand Treasurer with 1. Is., and reappears in the 
list for 1775 under its former number, having doubtless been 
restored at the intercession of the Provincial Grand Master. In 
the Grand Secretary's list for this year it is credited with 
2. 2s., against which amount is written " Dunck," probably 
as a reminder that the sum was paid by Dunckerley on be- 
half of the lodge. For some years after the settlement of 
the differences between the Provincial Grand Master and the 

* Quarterly Communication, 



The Lodge of Antiquity. 59 

Portsmouth brethren, the progress of the old lodge appears 
to have been fairly steady, although the official records 
evince considerable irregularity in the matter of payments 
and returns to Grand Lodge. It must be borne in mind, 
however, that this was a very critical period for Masonry in 
England, many of the old lodges were strongly inclined to 
rebel against the new regulations for compulsory registration 
and payment for members, and evidently did not see the 
justice of being taxed for the purpose of building a hall which 
they were not likely to see, let alone make use of, unless at 
a great expense of both time and money. 

This lodge seems to have taken the name of "The Lodge 
of Antiquity," * about 1788, and, though in a declining 
state at the time of the Union in 1813, it was brought for- 
ward on the list of the United Grand Lodge as No. 28. 

It may seem strange that Dunckerley's name should not 
be found among those returned to Grand Lodge. I account 
for it in this way compulsory registration was only resolved 
upon in 1768, and was not strictly enforced until five or six 
years later. Doubtless our old friend, who was then residing in 
Hampton Court Palace, had left the lodge many years before. 

The first list of names in the register after the passing of 
the before-mentioned regulations, appears to have been re- 
turned about 1780 ; it is headed by that of Mark Robinson, 
Captain in the Navy, made a Mason in November, 1747. 
He was probably the only member of the lodge, to whom 
Dunckerley was personally known, and of whom he makes 
honourable mention iu his letter. I need hardly say that 
the name of the wicked watchmaker who had dared to use 
such atrocious threats against the person of his superior 
officer, and that officer a scion of Royalty, is not in the list of 
members. 

* Probably suggested by Dunckerley himself; previous to this period 
it had only been distinguished by its number on the list, or the name of 
the tavern at which it was held. II. S. 



60 Thomas Dunckerley. 

There is one item in connection with this list of names 
which strikes me as being rather peculiar. In the column 
of the Register which is headed " Remarkable Occurrences," 
against the name of George Cuthhert, Clergyman, is written : 
" Discontinued a member by his own request." 

This old lodge was very appropriately named, for it seems 
to have been the pioneer of Freemasonry in Hampshire and 
the parent of several lodges at Portsmouth. It first appears 
in the Grand Lodge Records in what is known as the 
Second Manuscript List of Lodges, which gives the names 
of the members of most of the constituted, or " regular " 
lodges existing in the year 1725. The lodges had not yet 
been arranged in numerical order, but the list comprises 79 
lodges, and the one which occupied the seventy-second place 
is described as being held at the " East India Arms," at 
Gosport, Mr. Timothy Raggett, 27th Febry., 1726." 
" FRA. MAXWELL, Master. 

ROBERT SPICER, ) -rn- j 

' Wardens. 
TIM. RAGGETT, J 

JOHN MASLIN, 

JAMKS CLAKK, 

BISTON MARTIN, 

SAM L . PITMAN, 

ANDREW NAIRNE." 

Whether "Mr. Timothy Raggett" was the proprietor 
of the " East India Arms," or merely the person from whom 
the list was received, I am unable to determine. A Grand 
Lodge was held on the 27th of February, 1726, but the 
record of the proceedings is of the most meagre character, and 
it contains no reference to the lodge in question. It is evident, 
therefore, that this lodge was in existence early in 1726, but 
how long it had then been working it is quite impossible to 
say. Warrants were then unknown, and fees for registering 
members had not been dreamt of. The expenses of the 
Quarterly Communications were shared between the Grand 



The Lodge of Antiquity. 61 

Master and his Wardens, and all petitions to the Grand 
Lodge for charitable aid were met by " sending round the 
hat." 

The Engraved List for 1729 (printed in 1728) is the first 
in which the lodges are distinguished by numbers. In 
this list Dunckerley's mother lodge figures as No. 35, but 
the space in which the date of constitution usually ap- 
pears is blank, and so it remains in all subsequent lists 
until the year 1740, when " 1724 " is introduced, pro- 
bably because it was first given a place on the roll among 
the Lodges constituted in the latter year. By the various 
alterations in the numbers it became in 1740, No. 31 ; 
1755, No. 21; 1770, No. 20; 1781, No. 18; 1792, No. 
17; 1814, No. 28; 1832, No. 26. 

John Lane, in his invaluable " Masonic Records," gives 
the following table of the various places of meeting and the 
years of removal, from the time it first appears in the 
Grand Lodge books until its erasure in 1838. 

"East India Arms, Gosport, Hampshire ... 1729 

Two Posts,* Portsmouth 1736 

Vine 1738 

Three Tuns 1752 

King's Arms 1790 

Three Tuns 1794 

George Inn 1799 

Mitre Tavern, Portsea 1804" 

The Grand Lodge register makes no mention of the trade 
or calling of the original members, and owing to some extra- 
ordinary laxity or want of foresight on the part of the 
authorities, there is a gap in this register from about 
1730 to 1768. Judging, however, from the description 



* This was probably the celebrated tavern immortalised by Captain 
Marryat, " The Blue Possesses, where the midshipmen leave their 
chestesses, call for tea and toastesses, and sometimes forget to pay for 
their breakfastesses." H. S. 



62 Thomas Dunckerley. 

of the members returned after that period, and the fact 
of Captain Robinson and Dunckerley having been initiated 
therein, it seems highly probable that this venerable lodge 
had been from its infancy the favourite resort of the 
naval brethren whose avocation brought them into the 
neighbourhood of Portsmouth. Doubtless, it was rather an 
exclusive lodge, for most of the members seem to have been 
either naval or military officers of a superior grade, or the 
higher class of tradesmen. 

Captain Mark Robinson, the " father of the lodge," was 
an officer of distinction, whose intimacy with Dunckerley 
may be accounted for by the fact of his having been 
for a short time in command of the Vanguard. From 
1775 to 1779 he was Captain of the Worcester, 64 guns, 
and took part in the indecisive action off TJshant on the 
27th of July, 1778, between the Brest fleet under the 
Comte D'Orvilliers and our Channel fleet under Admirals 
Keppel and Palliser. The Worcester led the rear division 
and got plenty of knocks but not much honour, for the 
affair caused much dissension, afloat as well as on shore, 
and the two Admirals were tried by court-martial for 
allowing the enemy to escape ; but as the latter took advan- 
tage of a fair wind and a dark night aad declined to remain 
to be beaten, it was considered that the French wore more 
to blame than our commanders, consequently they were let 
off easily. Early in 1779, Captain Robinson was appointed 
to the Shrewsbury, 74 guns, and while cruising off Scilly 
on the 4th of April, he fell in with two large French 
privateers who at once made off in different directions. 
After a smart chase one of them was captured, the other 
getting clear away. His next important engagement was 
off the Chesapeak, on the 5th of September, 1781, when 
the English fleet under Rear- Admiral Graves had rather a 
sharp encounter with that of the French under the Comte 
de Grasse. This affair terminated in a similar manner 



The Lodge of Antiquity. 63 

to the action off Ushant, for although the enemy had the 
advantage both in the number of ships and weight of metal, 
he sheered off in the night, and made no attempt to renew 
the battle next day. The Shrewsbury was the first to 
come into action, and she was severely punished for her 
temerity, receiving more injury and losing a greater number 
of men than any other ship in the fleet. She had fourteen 
killed and fifty-two wounded, one of the former being her 
First Lieutenant, and among the latter her Captain, who had 
one of his legs shot off. Being thus unfitted for further service 
he was soon afterwards placed on the list of superannuated 
Rear- Admirals. Captain Robinson frequently distinguished 
himself in the service of his country, and on several occasions 
led the British fleet into action. He was one of the earliest 
friends of the immortal Nelson, and was the chief instrument 
of that hero obtaining his first step, the latter being placed 
with him as Acting-Lieutenant on board the Worcester in 
December 1776. He died in November 1799. 

Another justly celebrated member of this lodge \vas 
Captain Robert Roddam, R.N. He first distinguished him- 
self about the year 1744, on the Spanish coast near Cape 
Ortugal, when in command of the Viper sloop, by destroying 
in one day thirty-two sail of merchant vessels ; he then cap- 
tured and brought out from under the batteries a privateer 
whose force was much greater than that of the Viper. 
He was subsequently appointed to the Greyhound frigate, 
and rose steadily in his profession, each command being more 
important than the preceding one. In 1778, he was pro- 
moted Rear- Admiral of the White, and appointed Com- 
mander-in-Chief at the Nore. He was Senior Admiral of 
the Red when he died at the age of 89 on the 31st of 
March, 1808. 

One cannot repress a feeling of surprise and regret 
that so old and respectable a lodge should have been per- 
mitted to die out. It was virtually in abeyance from 1803 



64 Thomas Dunckerley. 

to 1821, during which interval the warrant, minute books, 
&c., are said to have been lost. In 1822, an attempt was 
made to resuscitate the lodge and a warrant of confirmation 
was granted, which only served to prolong its life for a few 
years. 

Among the last of its members were : 
Archibald Low, solicitor, Portsea. 
William Prince, watchmaker, Portsmouth. 
George Martell, surgeon, ,, 

Francis M. Clarke, merchant 

*Henry Besant, gentleman, Portsea. 

John Ediss, merchant, 

The last payment was made to Grand Lodge in 1831, 
and it was finally erased in 1838. 

LODGES HELD ON BOARD SHIPS OF WAR. 

In the present day the popularity of Masonry in the 
Army and Navy is proverbial ; but judging from our lists of 
lodges, and registers of members, and considering the enor- 
mous increase of the Order generally, it is not nearly so 
popular as in the old fighting days when most of the regi- 
ments on active service as well as those of the militia had 
lodges attached to them ; and there were few of our sea- 
ports but had a particular lodge favoured and supported 
chiefly by the men who " go down to the sea in ships." 
Full information as to army warrants issued by the Grand 
Lodges in Great Britain and Ireland may be found in 
"Gould's History of Freemasonry/' the author having made 
this subject his especial study. My present purpose is to 
offer a few remarks on the lodges directly connected with the 
sister service. 

It is unlikely that the name of the enthusiastic soldier 
who first conceived the idea of having a Freemasons' lodge 

* The last Secretary of the lodge, and uncle of Walter Besant. U.S. 



Lodges on board Ships of War. 65 

restricted to the members of his profession in his own regi- 
ment will ever be known ; but T think there can be little, if 
any doubt, that Thomas Dunckerley was the first to hold a 
regular lodge under the Union Jack in the broad dominions 
of Father Neptune. It will be remembered that he himself 
states that he came to London early in January, 1760, to 
attend the funeral of his mother (which took place on the 
eleventh of that month), and the " exigencies of the service " 
necessitated his immediate return to the Vanguard. The 
records of the Grand Lodge show that a Warrant bearing 
date 16th of January, 1760, was issued for a lodge to be held 
on board His Majesty's ship Vanguard. Two days previously, 
viz., on the 14th of January, a Quarterly Communication 
was held at the "Crown and Anchor" in the Strand, which 
Dunckerley is not likely to have omitted attending, if he was 
still in London. Whether or no, it seems highly probable 
that during this visit he had an interview with the Grand 
Secretary or someone else at head quarters which resulted 
in the Warrant being granted for the Vanguard Lodge, and 
also an authority to regulate Masonic affairs in the newly 
conquered Canadian provinces, or in any other part of the 
globe he might visit, where no Provincial Grand Master had 
been appointed. The next meeting of the Grand Lodge was 
on the 14th of May following, and in the statement of monies 
received in the interval appears the item " Constitution of a 
Lodge on board his Majesties ship the Vanguard 2. 2s." 
this sum being the amount then payable for a Warrant or 
" Constitution." On the 5th of June, 1761, the lodge is 
credited with the same amount to the Fund of Charity ; 
after which no further mention of it is made for several 
years, although it retained its place in the Engraved List of 
Lodges. The Vanguard sailed for the West Indies in 
October, 1761. Meanwhile Dunckerley had left her and 
had been appointed to the Prince, a larger ship, or, as he 
terms it, "a ship of the second rate." For this vessel a 



66 Thomas Dunckerley. 

Warrant bearing date 22nd of May, 1762, was granted, and 
the lodge was credited with the usual fee on the 27th of July. 
The money column of a meeting held on the 29th of April, 
1763, contains the following : " His Majesty's Ship Prince, 
90 Guns 2. 2s." This item reads very like what 
Dunckerley himself would have written had he remitted the 
money, as in all prohality he did. 

On the 23rd of April, 1764, the lodge is credited with a 
guinea, which appears to have been the last payment made 
while it was held on board ship. Two months later 
Dunckerley retired from the service, and he appears to have 
taken the Warrant with him, indeed I do not see what else 
he could well have done with it as the ship was paid off, and 
her crew probably dispersed in all directions. He was 
then much pressed for money, or, as he would probably 
express it, "on a lee-shore, and almost on his beam ends." 
In fact he was suffering from a troublesome complaint, very 
common in those days and not entirely unknown in the 
present, generally referred to as " red tapeism." What name 
it went by in Dunckerley's time I know not, probably 
several, especially when it interfered with the payment of 
wages and prize-money. 

Fortunately for himself, he seems to have had a natural 
facility for making friends with people in a higher social 
position than lie, occupied ; among whom may be reckoned 
the Captain of the Guadaloupe, who, in order to enable him 
to escape the degradation of a debtor's prison, the prospect 
of which to a person of Dunckerley's temperament must 
have been terrible indeed, kindly took him for a trip up the 
Mediterranean, ostensibly as an A.B., for as such his name 
appears on the ship's book, probably on account of the pay 
and rations, but he really went as a passenger. In this 
ship he would doubtless have had plenty of time to practise 
the rites of Masonry and impart some of his enthusiasm to 
those about him. He evidently had something of the kind 



Lodges on board Ships of War. 67 

in view when he joined the ship, for in a second edition of 
the Engraved List for 1764, No. 279, which in the previous 
issue had been represented as on board the Prince, is de- 
scribed as being held on board the Guadaloupe, on the 4th 
Wednesday, " A Masters' Lodge at Plymouth," so that he 
must have communicated with the Grand Secretary directly 
he had arranged to take the trip. Many of the incidents of 
this, his last sea voyage have been duly set forth in his 
personal narrative in which he is so provokingly reticent on 
masonic matters as to create an ardent wish that spiritualism 
were a reality, that we might have him " rapped up " 
occasionally to give an account of himself and gratify our 
curiosity on the subject of his nautical lodges. There are 
many points which, if light could be thrown on them, would, 
I feel sure, be most interesting to the fraternity. For in- 
stance, I should like to know in what part of the ship the 
lodge was held ? Whether the members were summoned in 
the ordinary way, or by the shrill pipe and stentorian cry of 
the boatswain's mate, something after this style " D'ye hear 
there fore and aft ? All you Freemasons '11 muster in the 
after-cockpit at seven bells." or some other bells. 

I should like to know too, whether the lodges met 
regularly on the days stated in the by-laws ? It seems to 
me that some kind of reservation would have been desir- 
able, such as "wind, weather, and the exigencies of the 
service permitting." I have also a little curiosity on the 
subject of the ceremonies. Were the brethren ever startled 
in the midst of the third degree by such orders as, " Clear 
lower deck," " Hands make sail ; " or by the sharp com- 
mand, " General quarters for action ? " and, if so, what 
became of their aprons, collars, jewels, and other para- 
phernalia ? Did they stay to " un-rig ? " or did they run up 
" all standing ? " There are many other questions which I 
should like to ask, but as I am not likely to have an oppor- 
tunity, it is scarcely worth while enumerating them. 

F 2 



68 Thomas Dunckerley. 

In July, 1761, the Prince sailed from Spithead for a 
cruise on the coasts of Spain and Portugal (on an errand of 
a similar character to Sir John Norris's expedition in 1735), 
returning to England in the autumn of the same year, and 
was then employed in the Home service until the 25th of 
June, 1762, when she was ordered to Lisbon with the fleet 
under the command of Sir Edward Hawke. It seems, there- 
fore, quite feasible to suppose that Dunckerley was in Eng- 
land at the time the Warrant for a lodge on board this ship 
was granted, and from his subsequent action in removing 
the lodge to another vessel, we may reasonably infer that he 
was the person who had applied for it. 

A not improbable reason for his having relinquished the 
former Warrant is that there were a sufficent number of 
Masons on board the Vanguard to hold a lodge when the 
ship left for the West Indies in 1761. Considering his in- 
timacy with Dunckerley it is highly probable that her com- 
manding officer, Captain Swanton, was a member of the 
Order ; his son, Colonel Swanton, was " made " in the Lodge 
of Friendship No. 3 in 1783. 

We have no evidence of the existence of more than three 
of these sea lodges, and it has been generally supposed that 
Dunckerley was in some measure responsible for the forma- 
tion of each of them. 

With regard to the two already mentioned, I think 
there cannot be much doubt on that point. I shall hereafter 
show that his interest in their welfare did not cease with his 
retirement from active service. 

The third lodge has been to me a source of considerable 
perplexity, as it did not make its appearance until several 
years after Dunckerley had established himself on shore, and 
then it appeared in a quarter with which he had long ceased 
to be actively connected. In the official list for the year 
1770, six new lodges are entered, five located at Quebec 
and one at Montreal, numbered consecutively from 221 to 



Lodges on board Ships of War. 69 

226. No. 220, the " Merchant's Lodge, Quebec," had been 
on the previous lists from 1763, having the date of con- 
stitution 2nd March, 1762, affixed. In 1770, the lodges 
were re-numbered, and an entirely new set of plates was 
engraved. For some inexplicable reason, or for no reason at 
all, the date of constitution of the Merchants' Lodge was 
omitted from the new list, as was also that of the six new 
lodges, but they were placed in a batch among the other 
lodges constituted in 1762. No. 224 is described as meet- 
ing " On Board his Majesty's Ship Canceaux at Quebec." 
In the year 1775, the first "Freemason's Calendar" appeared, 
printed in ordinary type. Up to the year 1778, the En- 
graved List and the Calendar were published concurrently, 
but in this year the former was discontinued, leaving the 
field entirely free for its modern rival. The Calendar had 
never given the date of constitution of any of the lodges, 
and so it continued until the year 1784, when this omission 
was rectified ; the Quebec lodges were still in the same order, 
and all represented as having been constituted in 1762. I 
have long had an idea that Dunckerley was in some way im- 
plicated in these lodges being entered on the list, but having 
learnt that he was not at Quebec in 1762, I could not quite 
understand it. However, recent research has furnished an 
explanation. 

The following letter supplies an approximate date of the 
constitution of three out of the six new lodges. 

"Quebec, 2nd Aug., 1769. 
" Eight W. Brother the Grand Sec^- of England, 

" Since our Letters of 5th Sept r - and 9th Feb* last 
we have none of your brotherly favours. At our last 
Quarterly Communication so many matters came before us 
relative to the Craft here that we had not time to write you ; 
and as the ensuing meeting happens at a season when the 
Brethren here are in the hurry of Business, we take this 
occasion to acquaint you that the Lodges in this Province 



70 Thomas Dunclterley. 

are in the same situation as advised in Sept r - last, only with 
the addition of three new ones, viz., one held on board his 
Majesty's Ship Canceaux, No. 5, another in this city, the 
Select, No. 6, and a third in his Majesty's 52nd Regiment 
of Foot, No. 7,* whose dues for their Warrants (Three 
Guineas each) we cannot at present remit, our Right 
Worshipful Brother Collins, the Provincial Grand Master 
being in Acadia on his private affairs. And here we cannot 
help remarking to you, that this confirms the necessity of 
what we have so long sought for in vain ; we mean the 
Grand Lodge of England giving the Lodges here authority 
to elect a Provincial Grand Master to preside over them in 
case of the death of him to whom you have granted a 
Warrant, or his being obliged to quit the Province, which 
we pray may be taken into consideration by the Grand 
Lodge at its next meeting. We now remit you Two guineas 
for the General Charity by brother Aylwin, which please to 
enter in the Printed list as coming from the Lodges in 
Canada by the hands of the Provincial Grand Master, more 
you may perhaps expect, but the present distress'd condition 
of this colony occasions more calls on us than the contribu- 
tions, generous as they are, enables us to pay. 
" We are, very respectfully, 

Right Worshipful Brother, 

Your faithful and Loving Brethren, 

JOHN AITKIN, D.P.G.M., 
THOS. AYLWIN, G.T., 
JAS. THOMPSON, G.S., 

"A Committee appointed to answer Letters." 

The letter referred to under date " 5th Sept. last " is an 

acknowledgment of the receipt of the Prov. Grand Warrant 

(" transmitted to us by our worthy Brother John Gawler ") 

with the Grand officers' thanks for the same, and an ex- 

* These numbers refer to the Provincial register. H. S. 



Lodges on board Ships of War. 71 

pression of regret that the said Warrant does not give them 
the authority to elect their Provincial Grand Master 
annually as they had been accustomed to do. It also re- 
quests the acceptance of Two Guineas for the Grand Charity, 
and contains the following reference to the lodges in the 
Province. " Inclosed is a list of the lodges under our 
sanction, as also of the Itinerants* now here, with the 
members contained in each." At that time foreign and 
colonial members were not registered, and unfortunately, I 
have been unable to find the enclosure referred to. 

It would thus appear that the Canceaux Lodge was 
constituted by the Provincial Grand Master between Sep- 
tember, 1768, and August, 1769. 

Another letter from Quebec, dated 23rd of Sept., 1771, 
says, " We have the pleasure to acquaint you that Harmony 
and Unanimity reigns among us no alteration necessary to 
advise you of has lately happened, except the removal of 
our Brethren on board His Majesty's Arm'd Ship Canceaux, 
who are now in one of the New England Provinces, and 
we doubt not will get themselves enregistred there and 
contribute as usual if their numbers are sufficient to form a 
regular Lodge." 

The Canceaux was a comparatively small ship, carrying 
only six guns, and a crew of about forty-five men. She left 
Woolwich in April 1764, under the command of Lieutenant 
Henry Mouat, for North America, on what I should imagine 
to have been a surveying expedition, which frequently took 
her into the neighbourhood of Quebec. During the troubles 
between the English Government and the American colonists, 
she was very busy on the New England coast in pursuits of 
a nature hardly likely to ensure her crew a masonic welcome 
in any of the ports she visited. In October, 1775, Captain 
Mouat in the Canceaux, having under his command several 

* Military, or travelling Lodges. H. S. 



72 Thomas Dunckerley. 

other small war-ships, appeared off the town of Falmouth in 
Massachusetts. The inhabitants of this place had opposed 
with violence the loading of a mast-ship, in consequence of 
which act of hostility the Admiral on the station despatched 
Captain Mouat with his squadron to demolish the town un- 
less all the artillery and small arms were delivered up to him 
forthwith, and four gentlemen sent on hoard as hostages. 
These conditions heing refused, Captain Mouat, having 
given the inhabitants a few hours' grace to enable them to 
remove their families, proceeded to bombard the town, and 
in a short time destroyed 130 houses, 278 store and ware- 
houses, a large new church, the court-house and public 
library. 

At the time this ship-lodge was constituted Dunckerley 
was residing in London, and could not therefore have had 
anything to do with its formation. The probability is that 
some of the Canceaux's officers were made masons at 
Quebec, where the remembrance of Dunckerley's lodge on 
board the Vanguard must have been still fresh, and so have 
been taken as a precedent by the Provincial Grand Master. 
So far as I can learn this lodge never paid for its Con- 
stitution, nor returned a list of its members to the Grand 
Lodge of England. It was struck off the roll in 1792. These 
facts alone, are, in my opinion, fairly reliable evidence that 
Dunckerley was not responsible for its formation nor in- 
terested in its subsequent career. 

As the lodges on board the Vanguard and Prince were 
constituted during what may justly be described as the dark 
period in the history of Masonry, nothing is known, or 
probably ever will be known of them beyond what is here 
set forth. The names of their members were not returned 
to Grand Lodge, and if minutes of their proceedings were 
kept which, from Dunckerley's methodical habits, is highly 
probable they would most likely have been in his pos- 
session, and were either lost or destroyed after his decease. 



The London Lodge. 73 

Probably owing to the respect in which their founder was 
held the lodges were not erased although they may be said 
to have " died at sea," for no payment is recorded on the 
Grand Lodge hooks from the Vanguard Lodge after 1761 
until its resuscitation in 1768 ; nor from the lodge on board 
the Prince and Guadaloupe from 1764 until it was re-opened 
at Somerset House in 1766. Both, however, retained their 
original numbers on the roll and their old Warrant or 
" Constitution." 

THE LONDON LODGE No. 108. 

THIS lodge may justly be considered the lineal descendant 
of the first lodge constituted on board a man-of-war, not- 
withstanding the gap in its history previously referred to. 
By the kindness and courtesy of the Secretary (Br. Henry 
W. Green), I have been permitted to inspect the old minute 
hooks which are fortunately intact, from its resuscitation in 
1768, and are, as may well he imagined, of a most interest- 
ing character. They contain many references to Dunckerley 
to whose masonic zeal and personal influence the lodge un- 
doubtedly owes its existence. As is usually the case with 
old lodges the earliest minute book commences with the 
laws and regulations signed by the members, and headed as 
follows : 

** $U* Haw* anfc initiation* to be observed by 
the LODGE of FREE AND ACCEPTED MASONS No. 254 removed 
from on board his Majesty's ship Vanguard to the Queen of 
Bohemia's Head in Wych Street, in the parish of Saint 
Clement Dane in the County of Middlesex, made and agreed 
to the first day of May A.D., 1768. A. L. 5772." 

Here follow fifteen Articles or Rules very carefully 

drawn up in legal phraseology, and clearly written, a briet 

summary of which will suffice for present purposes : 

M 4fi?dt That every member of this Lodge shall observe 

and keep all the Laws, Rules and Regulations laid 



74 Thomas Dunckerky. 

down in the last Edition of the Book of Constitu- 
tions." 

*i&c&rifr. That this Lodge shall consist of one Master, two 
"Wardens, one Treasurer, one Secretary, two Stewards, 
and a number of Brethren not exceeding thirty in the 
whole, . . . and that the 1st and 3rd Saturday 
evenings in the months of October, November, Decem- 
ber, January, February, and March, and the 1st 
Saturday evenings in the months of April, May, June, 
July, August and September shall be deemed public 
L. [Lodge] nights." . . 

The annual subscription was two guineas, to be paid 
within three months after each general election of officers or 
the defaulting brother to be struck off the list (after having 
been written to by the Secretary) " and no longer deemed a 
member or admitted as such." . . . 
<( ljtvir, That a Master shall be elected out of those who 
are of the exalted Degree of Master Masons, by Ballott, 
on the first Lodge night in January, annually, who im- 
mediately after his Election shall be invested with 
the Master's Jewell by the then late Master, and in- 
stalled, . . . and upon every Election and in 
every Nomination, Regard shall be had to the Qualifi- 
cations of the Members only and not to Seniority or 
place." . . . 

Every Master, who had not filled the office before in that 
lodge, to pay for a bottle of claret "to entertain the 
Brethren," every Warden or Treasurer a bottle of port, and 
any officer declining or refusing to accept an office to which 
he had been elected or appointed was fined 10s. 6d., but was 
not compelled to serve more than two successive years, " if 
there be any other member of the lodge duly qualified." 
Every officer who failed to attend in his place at or before 
8 o'clock was fined one shilling. 



The London Lodge. 75 

" Nor shall any profane, immodest, political, or religious Dis- 
courses, or Wagers, or any eating, drinking, or smoaking 
be permitted in the lodge." 
The initiation fee was three guineas, the joining fee one 

guinea, and the visitor's fee 5s, 

"^ifteentlj, That every member of this Lodge shall sub- 
scribe these Laws." 

" I do agree and promise to obey, fulfil and keep all the 
foregoing Laws, Rules and Orders, and all such as shall 
hereafter be made in this Lodge agreeable to the 13th 
Article. 
" (Signed) THOS. DUNCKERLEY, Somerset House. 

WILLIAM GUEST, near Half-moon- Street, Pic- 
cadilly. 

JNO. RIGGE, Inner Temple. 
ROGER SIMPKINSON, Fleet Street. 
GEO. GARRICK, Somerset House. 
WILLIAM LATIMER, Somerset House. 
SAMUEL HOOPER, Strand. 
JAS. SKENE, Cursitor Street. 
*JAS. URQUHART, Cursitor Street. 
fTnos. VIGUERS, Strand, woollen draper." 
The first seven of these names represent the total mem- 
bership of the lodge at the time of its resuscitation in London, 
Bro. Skene being a visitor on the 5th of November, 1768, from 
Calcutta ; he joined the lodge January, 7th, 1769. The 
leaf which probably contained the minutes of the first meet- 
ing is unfortunately missing, but the names of the brethren 
who attended are recorded on the opposite folio, viz. : 
" Br. DUNKERLEY, R.W.M. 
RIGGE, S.W. 
,, HOOPER, J. W. 

* Initiated and passed to the second degree IGth December, 1768. H. S. 
t Joined the Lodge 16th December, 1768. H. S. 



76 Thomas Dunckerley. 

" Br. GARRICK, Treasurer. 
LATIMER, Secretary. 
GUEST. 

SlMPKINSON." 

The next two meetings were presided over by Br. Guest 
as Deputy Master, but no business was transacted, and the 
meetings which should have been held in August, Sep- 
tember and October were omitted because " the majority of 
the Brethren being out of town, those who attended could 
not proceed to Business." 

On the 5th of November, Dunckerley was in the chair, 
and " proposed Mr. Alexander Maxton, of the Royal Navy, 
to be made a Mason in this Lodge." * He was initiated, 
passed, and raised at a lodge of emergency on the 10th of 
November (having to go to Scotland before the next lodge 
night), Dunckerley presiding. 

January 7th, 1769, Bro. Rigge was elected master and 
installed by Dunckerley, who was present as P.M. on 4th 
of February and the 4th of March. At this meeting, " The 
Brethren present were unanimously of opinion that the 
Company would be better entertained with a few pro- 
miscuous songs from the Brothers than by any lecture or 
further proceedings in masonry, wherefore the Lodge was 
closed without such Lecture." 

During the next three years the lodge appears to have 
been at a very low ebb, and was frequently not opened on 
the stated nights for want of members. Meanwhile 
Dunckerley had resigned, although there is no record of his 
resignation in the minutes, the only intimation of that fact 
being the word " declined " written against his name at the 
end of the By-Laws. On the 13th of December, 1771, he 



* This gentleman was on board the Prince as a supernumerary at 
the time Dunckerley was gunner of that ship. He joined the Guadaloupe 
as an A.B., but was promoted during the cruise to the rank of 
Master's Mate. 11. fc>. 



The London Lodge. 77 

was present as a visitor, when it was unanimously agreed to 
remove the lodge to the London Coffee House, Ludgate Hill. 
The lodge accordingly held its next meeting at this house on 
the 20th of the same month, Dunckerley again attending as 
a visitor. On this occasion he was " requested to become a 
Member of this Lodge in order to take upon himself the 
charge of Master, to which he, having given his consent, 
the proposition for that purpose was made and seconded." 
He was elected and installed at the next meeting, January 
3rd, 1772, and presided as Master at the following sixteen 
consecutive meetings. 

From the time of his resuming the chair the prospects 
of the lodge improved materially, it is not therefore sur- 
prising that on the next election night it should have been 
" proposed by Bro r Simpkinson and seconded by Bro r - 
Tomlinson that Bro r - Dunckerley do take upon himself the 
Office of Master of this Lodge for the year ensuing." 

"Proposed by Bro r - Dunckerley, that Brother Simpkinson 
do take upon himself the Office of Master of this Lodge for 
the year ensuing, but the proposal was not seconded." 

At a Lodge of Emergency on the 5th of February, 1772, 
" Bro. Dunckerley, R W.M. 

,, Taylor (Past Grand Warden) Sen 1 '- Warden. 
Heseltine (Grand Secretary) Jun r - Warden. 

" The U.W.Master proposed the following Gentlemen 
to be made Masons, viz., Joseph Hamer, Esq., Mark Dyer, 
Esq., William Ryan, Esq., and John Greathead, Esq." 

These gentleman were forthwith elected, initiated, and 
passed to the second degree. 

On the 20th of March following, the R.W.M. proposed 
several alterations in the Laws, one being, " That every 
Mason appointed an Officer in this Lodge, pay a Bottle of 
Claret instead of Port." * 

* Old Port was then 2s. 6d. per bottle, Claret, 5s. H. S. 



78 Thomas Dunckerley. 

The last transaction recorded at this meeting is rather 
curious " Bro r - Hooper was fined a Bottle of Port for a 
Ludicrous Expression ; a Lecture was given." This seems 
very severe, but whether the " Ludicrous Expression " had 
reference in any way to the " Lecture " or whether the 
" Lecture " was the outcome of the " Ludicrous Expression " 
we can only conjecture. We may, however, be pretty sure 
that the " fine " was satisfactorily disposed of. 

On the 3rd of December, 1773, James Heseltine, Grand 
Secretary, and several other Grand Officers were elected 
members of the Lodge on the proposition of the R.W. 
Master. 

January 7th, 1774, being the night for the election of 
officers, " Bro r - Heseltine was unanimously elected Master, 
and duly installed." Among the visitors on this occasion 
were the two Grand Wardens, and Bro. Thomas Parker, 
Prov. Grand Master for Surrey. 

On the 21st of the same month it was " Proposed and 
unanimously agreed to, that Brother Dunckerley be ad- 
mitted an honorary Member of this Lodge." On the 2nd of 
December, Bro. Rowland Holt, Deputy Grand Master, was 
a visitor. 

About this period Dunckerley removed from Somerset 
House to Hampton Court Palace, and his attendances be- 
came less regular, indeed, his name does not appear in the 
book for several years. Meanwhile, under the able guidance 
of Heseltine, the lodge continued to prosper, and was fre- 
quently visited by Grand Officers and other distinguished 
brethren, many of whom ultimately became members of it. 

The following extracts may possibly be of some little 
interest to the members of the two lodges mentioned, as they 
clearly indicate the kindly feeling which then existed be- 
tween the brethren. 

April 6th, 1779, "Proposed by Br. Rowley and seconded 
by Br. Pritchard, that Capt. Wm. Stukeley, of the Lin- 



The London Lodge. 79 

colnshire Regiment, having been made a Mason by Br. 
Dunckerley, the FATHER of this Lodge, be admitted a 
member on the same footing as if made herein or in the 
Somerset House Lodge. The same was agreed to unani- 
mously." 

March 6th, 1781. "A very friendly and social inter- 
course having long subsisted between this and the Somerset 
House Lodge, calling each other sister lodges and reciprocally 
visiting without fee, a motion was made by Bro. Const, and 
seconded by several Brethren, that that part of the law of 
this lodge (No. 10) respecting the admission fine of Two 
guineas, be dispensed with when any Brother who is a 
subscriber to the Somerset House Lodge shall become a 
member of this agreed to unanimously." 

The minutes of April 16th, 1782, contain the following : 
" Bro. Dunckerley, father and founder of this lodge, which 
was first instituted at his expense on board His Majesty's 
ship the Vanguard, in the last war, removed by him on board 
the Guadaloupe, from thence to the Queen of Bohemia's 
Head, Wych Street, since to the London Coffee House, most 
obligingly requested the lodge to accept of the constitution, 
This favour was accepted of by the Master and Brethren, 
and the unanimous thanks of the lodge were voted to Bro. 
Dunckerley for this polite compliment." 

There seems to be a slight mistake here with reference 
to the lodge having been removed from the Vanguard to the 
Guadaloupe. The account does not agree with the heading 
to the Bye-Laws, and it is opposed to the evidence contained 
in the Grand Lodge Records. 

According to the latter, it was the lodge constituted on 
board the Prince, in 1762, that was subsequently held on 
board the Guadaloupe, and this, as will hereafter be seen, is 
borne out by the records of the Somerset House Lodge. It is 
not improbable that Dunckerley in his speech for he was 
present at this meeting made some allusion to his having 



80 Thomas Dunckerley. 

held a lodge on board the Guadaloupe, and the Secretary in 
writing up his minutes from memory or from notes, intro- 
duced the two ships instead of one, and as Dunckerley was 
not present when the minutes were confirmed, the error was 
allowed to pass unchallenged. Although the London Lodge 
had its occasional periods of depression as has heen the 
case with all old lodges its career during the closing years 
of the eighteenth century, judging from its records, was marked 
hy general prosperity and increasing importance. For many 
years it enjoyed the proud distinction of heing one of the 
eight or nine " red apron " lodges having the privilege of 
sending a steward to the Grand Festival, and from one or 
the other of which the Grand Officers were invariably 
selected. It was one of the earliest subscribers to the Hall 
Fund, in conformity with the following resolution : 

"Grand Lodge, Extraordinary, June 21st, 1779. 

" That a subscription be entered into of a sum not less 
than 25 each to be lent to the society without interest, 
upon an engagement of the Grand Lodge to pay off the debt 
in equal proportion, and at such times as the Hall Fund 
will admit ; but that the Grand Lodge shall be obliged to 
make a dividend whenever the cash in hand will amount to 
20 per cent, upon the money advanced. That as a mark 
of distinction for the service thus rendered, by relieving the 
society from the annual payment of a large sum for interest 
upon the present debt, each subscriber shall be complimented 
with a medal, of such form and value as the Grand Lodge 
determine, with a motto suitable to the occasion ; and that 
the names of the subscribers shall be enrolled in the books 
of the Grand Lodge, as an honourable testimony of their 
services ; and if any lodge should subscribe to this plan, a 
like medal shall be presented, to be ever after worn by the 
master for the time being." 

The medal referred to is still in the possession of the 
lodge, which was one of the first to change the loan into a 
gift, for on the 6th of March, 1787, we find the following entry : 



The London Lodge. 81 

"A motion was made by Bro r - Bottomley, and met with the 
general approbation of all the Brethren present, that this 
lodge do relinquish its claim on the Grand Lodge for a deht 
of 25, which was lent 28th February, 1782. Ordered that 
the R.W.M., Bro r - Prichard, do attend on the next Quarterly 
Communication to present the same to the public fund of 
Masons." 

The printed report of a Quarterly Communication, held 
on the 4th of April, 1787, at which Dunckerley and several of 
his friends were present, contains the announcement " That 
the following Brethren and Lodges declared their intention of 
giving up the whole of their subscription to the Hall Loan, 
and requested the Society to accept of the same, viz. : 

Sir Herbert Mackworth, Bart., P.S.G.W., and P.G.M., 
for South Wales. 

Thomas Dunckerley, Esq., P.S.G.W., and P.G.M., for 
Dorset, Essex, &c. 

George Hesse, Esq. \ p j Q. -\y 

James Meyrick, Esq. / 

Stephen Lushington, Esq. 

Robert Ingram, Esq. 

The Stewards' Lodge. 

No. 23, St. Alban's Lodge, Thatched House Tavern. 
114, Rose and Crown, Crown Street, Westminster. 
162, London Lodge, London Coffee House. 
474, Harmonic Lodge, Hampton Court. 

(The last named was another of Dunckerley's creations 
of which more hereafter.) 

" It was then RESOLVED UNANIMOUSLY : That the 
Thanks of the Grand Lodge be given to the above named 
Brethren and Lodges for tbe liberal and generous present of 
their subscriptions." 

At the preceding Grand Lodge, on the 7th of February, 
a similar presentation bad been announced, which included 
the names of several of Dunckerley's intimate friends, and also 



82 Thomas Dunckerley. 

the two other lodges which he had assisted in forming and 
of which he was an honorary member, viz., the Somerset 
House, No. 2, and the lodge of Friendship, No. 3. Indeed, 
the lodges with which he was connected were undoubtedly 
by far the most liberal in England with their contributions 
to the General Charity and the Hall Fund. To the former, 
the London Lodge contributed from 1768 to the end of 
1813, 74. 6s., and to the latter during the same period, 
124. 19s. 6d. Bearing in mind the paucity of members 
from which the lodge had occasionally suffered, these figures 
speak well for the genuine masonic feeling by which the 
brethren were actuated, although they by no means repre- 
sent the full amount of their contributions, for many of 
them had made liberal donations to the Hall Fund inde- 
pendently of the lodge subscriptions. The lodge continued 
to meet at the '' London Coffee House " (whence its name is 
probably derived) until 1812, when it was removed to the 
" Queen's Arms Tavern," in Cheapside. It was afterwards 
held at the " Freemasons' Tavern," in Great Queen Street. 
In 1871 the lodge again migrated citywards, and for the 
second time took up its quarters in a ship ; but one of 
quite a different character to the old Vanguard, she being 
more noted for hard knocks than for hospitality. For the 
last twenty years the home of the London Lodge has been 
the well-known " Ship and Turtle," in Leadenhall Street, a 
house dear to all who can appreciate a good dinner, and 
justly celebrated for the excellence of its cuisine, as well as 
for the artistic beauty and noble proportions of its various 
public rooms. 

THE ROYAL SOMERSET HOUSE AND 
INVERNESS LODGE, No. 4. 

The following brief sketch of this lodge forms an intro- 
duction to a code of thirteen bye-laws printed in 1783, 



The Somerset House Lodge. 83 

when doubtless some of its members had actual knowledge 
of its early history, and the peculiar circumstances under 
which it bade farewell to a roving life and settled on shore. 

" BYE-LAWS for the Regulation of the LODGE, 

No. 2, distinguished by the Title of the 

SOMERSET-HOUSE LODGE, 

Of the Most Ancient and Honourable Society of FREE AND 
ACCEPTED MASONS, being the united lodges of the OLD 
HORN LODGE, No. 2, and the SOMERSET-HOUSE LODGE, 
No. 279 ; the former constituted Time immemorial, and 
the latter on the 22d day of May, A.L. 5766, A.D. 1762, 
and was first held on board His Majesty's ship PRINCE ; 
from thence removed on board His Majesty's ship 
GUADALOUPE ; afterwards to SOMERSET-HOUSE ; then held at 
the KING'S-ARMS Tavern, in New Bond-street ; afterwards 
at the TURK'S- HEAD in Grerrard- street ; where the Union 
of the two lodges took place the 10th day of January, 
1774 ; then held at ADELPHI TAVERN in the Strand; and 
now held at FREE-MASONS' TAVERN, G-reat Queen-street, 
Lincoln's Inn Field*." 

Want of space precludes my reproducing these bye-laws 
in full, they contain nothing, however, of a special character, 
the most striking features being their brevity and sim- 
plicity ; the whole of the matter occupying less than three 
sides of a sheet of foolscap. 

The initiation fee was five guineas ; the joining fee two 
guineas, exclusive of the registration fee; and the annual 
subscription two guineas. 

The regular meetings were held " on the second and fourth 
Mondays in January, February, and March, the second 
Mondays in April and May, the fourth Mondays in October 

and November, and the second and fourth Mondays in 

r, *> 

\ * t* 



84 Tliomas Dunckerley. 

December, in each year, at seven o'clock in the evening, 
precisely." 

The visiting fee for Honorary Members was four shil- 
lings ; for other brethren, when introduced by a member, 
five shillings ; but any brother " casually visiting this lodge 
without such introduction shall pay half-a-guinea for every 
such visit, except present and past Grand Officers, 
Members of the Stewards' Lodge, or Foreign 
Brethren, who out of respect to their Situation are to 
be exempt from paying any visiting fee." 

The 13th and last bye-law is rather curious, "That the 
Master or Mistress of any Tavern or other House where this 
Lodge may be held, shall subscribe his or her name to an 
Inventory of the Furniture and other Property belonging to 
the Lodge, in his or ber Custody, thereby declaring the Pro- 
perty thereof to bo in the Treasurer of the Lodge for the 
Time being." 

" The above Bye-Laws having been originally framed 
and agreed to the 25th November, 1776, are now revised, 
corrected, and confirmed, at a lodge held the 24th Novem- 
ber, 1783." 

A complete history of the three celebrated lodges now 
represented by the Royal Somerset House and Inverness 
Lodge, No. 4, would, no doubt, be most interesting, but 
would far exceed the limits of the present volume. I must, 
therefore, content myself with briefly noticing two of them, 
reserving my remarks more particularly for the one which 
Dunckerley established at sea, and subsequently re-established 
on shore. 

This lodge is undoubtedly indebted to him for its dis- 
tinctive name, as well as for the very prominent position 
which for a long period it has occupied in the annals of 
English Freemasonry. 

According to the present enumeration it should have 
been first on the list of Dunckerley's lodges, but I have 



The So.nersd Hume Lodge. 85 

placed it third, conformably with his connection with it, and 
the date of its constitution, for it will be remembered that 
his " Mother Lodge " was constituted about 1724 ; the lodge 
on board the Vanguard afterwards the London Lodge 
in 1760, and that on board the Prince afterwards the 
Somerset House Lodge in 1762. 

According to Dr. Anderson, "the father of Masonic 
historians," the lodge referred to as the " Old Horn Lodge," 
was one of the four lodges that assisted in organizing the 
Grand Lodge of England in 1717. 

At this time it was held at the " Rummer and Grapes 
Tavern, in Channel- Row, Westminster," but about 1723 it 
was removed to the Horn Tavern, Westminster. 

There are no means of ascertaining its actual age, but as 
its existence was anterior to the formation of the Grand 
Lodge, it has always been described as " Constituted Time 
Immemorial," which simply means that it was never con- 
stituted at all, according to the present acceptation of the 
term. Its first appearance in the Grand Lodge Records is 
in the 1723 MS. list of lodges, " with the names of the 
Masters, Wardens and Members of each lodge." At this 
time it was probably the most numerous, as well as the most 
aristocratic lodge in the whole craft. 

The name of the Duke of Richmond Grand Master in 
1724, heads the list as Master of the lodge, followed by that 
of Mr. George Payne, Past Grand Master, as Deputy 
Master, and seventy other brethren of high rank, including 
Lord Paisley, Grand Master in 1725 ; the Duke of 
Queensborough, Sir Richard Manningham, Lord Waldegrave, 
Sir Adolphus ugh ton ; and quite a formidable array of 
Honourables, Colonels, etc., etc. In short the lodge seems 
to have been composed of the very elite of the fraternity. 
The list of members returned in 1725 included most of those 
in the previous list, with several additional names of a 
similar character. 



86 Thomas Dunckerley. 

On the 24th of June, 1723, the first Grand Secretary was 
appointed, in the person of " William Cowper, Esq., a 
Brother of the Horn Lodge at Westminster." He filled the 
office of Deputy Grand Master in 1726. 

The next return of members of the various lodges took 
place about 1730, but as registration was not then com- 
pulsory, there are a great many blanks in the Register, and 
unfortunately the " Horn Tavern in Westminster " is one of 
them ; but as the Grand Secretary left two folios with the 
above heading, on which to enter the names whenever they 
should come to hand, the natural inference is that the 
lodge had considerably increased in numbers since the last 
registration. 

The first contributions to the General Charity (now the 
Fund of Benevolence) were collected in Grand Lodge on 
the 25th of November, 1729, and amounted to 9. 8s. 6d. 
from four lodges. " The rest of the Lodges excused them- 
selves for their Default and promised to bring in their 
Charity on St. John's Day." 

" The Deputy Grand Master, at the Desire of his Grace 
the Duke of Richmond, Master of the Horn Lodge, ac- 
quainted the Brethren that he was but lately come from 
France, and by reason of most of the Members of his Lodge 
were out of Town, being for the most part persons of Quality 
and Members of Parliament, the General Charity had not 
yet been proposed. But that his Grace had it much at 
Heart, and would recommend it in the strongest Terms at 
their first meeting." 

We may fairly assume that '' his Grace " fulfilled his 
promise, for the contributions received at the next Grand 
Lodge amounted to 41. Os. 6d. from seventeen lodges, the 
"Horn Tavern in Westminster" heading the list with 
22. 2s. 

At a Grand Lodge held on the 21st of April, 1730, the 
collection amounted to 31. 2s., 15 of which came from the 
" Horn Lodge." 



The Somerset House Lodge. 87 

On the 13th of December, 1733, "Bro r - Edwards, 
Warden of the Horn Lodge informed the Grand Lodge that 
our Rt. Worshipful Brother, Capt. Ralph Far- Winter, 
Provincial Grand Master of East India, &c., had sent over 
a Chest of Arack for the use of the Grand Lodge, and Ten 
Guineas to the General Charity, being the Contribution of 
our Brethren in East India." 

" The Healths of Br. Winter and the Brethren in East 
India were drank with Thanks for their handsome Present." 

At a subsequent meeting, the Earl of Crawfurd, Grand 
Master, in the Chair. " His Lordship was pleased to order 
a large Quantity of Rack that was made a present of from 
Bengali to be made into Punch and distributed among the 
Brethren."* 

" All Business being over the Grand Lodge was closed 
with an uncommon appearance of Harmony." 

The Grand Lodge Records indicate a falling off in the 
attendances, as well as in the contributions, from the 
" Horn " from about 1733, although in both respects it 
compares favourably with many other lodges of that period. 
Various reasons may be assigned for the decline of the 
lodge. The members may have let in a " black sheep " 
who made things uncomfortable all round. The newly 
formed Stewards Lodge and several other aristocratic lodges 
constituted about this time may have absorbed the best of 
the old members. Whatever the cause, there is no doubt 
that this fine old lodge declined rapidly, and for several 
years was practically non-existent. 

On the 21st of November, 1745, the "Horn at West- 
minster " and seven other lodges were summoned " to 
attend at the next Quarterly Communication to answer for 
their not attending the Grand Master at the General Meetings 
of the Society for a considerable time past." Four of the 

* "Why don't they do it uowV" II. S. 



88 Thomas Dunckerky. 

lodges summoned were erased at the next meeting, but the 
" Horn " was allowed a year's grace, although it does not 
appear to have responded to the summons. Prohably the 
good work done in the past was not forgotten, or some of 
its former members among the Grand Officers may have 
induced the Grand Lodge to take a lenient view of its 
recent omissions. However, no advantage appears to have 
been taken of this respite, and on the 3rd of April, 1747, it 
was " Ordered that the Lodge No. 2, at the Horn at "West- 
minster, not attending according to the Order of the last Q.C. 
be erased out of the Book of Lodges." No further mention 
of the lodge occurs until the 4th of September, 1751, when 
"Bro r - Lediard informed the Brethren that the Right 
Worshipful Bro 1 ' Payne, L.G.M., and several other mem- 
bers of the Lodge lately held at the Horn, Palace Yard, 
Westminster, had been very successful in their endeavours 
to revive the said Lodge, and that they were ready to pay 2 
Gs. to the use of the Grand Charity, and therefore moved, 
that out of respect to Bro. Payne and the several other 
L.G.M.* who were members thereof, the said Lodge 
might be restored and have its former Rank and place 
in the List of Lodges, which was ordered accordingly." 
Having been thus rescued from oblivion, the old lodge 
seems to have lived a life of comparative mediocrity until 
it was united with the young and vigorous Somerset House 
Lodge, No. 219, with the indefatigable Dunckerley at its 
head ; the latter giving its name in exchange for the old 
number and place on the Register ; an arrangement no 
doubt satisfactory to all concerned. 

The records of the " Old Horn Lodge " have probably long 
since gone the way of many other records, at any rate they 
arc not now available ; but judging from the official register 
of members and payments, the lodge must have been in a 



* Late Grand Masters. H. S. 



The Somerset Souse Lodge. 89 

very weakly condition for some years prior to the amalga- 
mation, and there is every probability that Dunckerley was 
well aware of that fact. The Grand Secretary, Heseltine, 
was his intimate friend, and in the person of William 
White, another of his friends, who was initiated in this old 
Lodge in 1770, and succeeded Heseltine as Grand Secretary, 
he no doubt found an able coadjutor in bringing the lodges 
together. 

The Grand Lodge Register shows the relative strength 
of the two lodges at the time they were united. The " Old 
Horn Lodge " is represented by fifteen members only, and, 
with the exception of White, there is not one among them 
of any masonic importance. 

On the part of the Somerset House Lodge seventy-two 
names are recorded under the heading of " A member prior 
to 1768 ; " no register fee being chargeable for those who 
joined or were initiated previous to that year. From 1768 
to the end of 1773, forty-six additional names were placed 
on the Register, which shows a proportionate increase year 
by year until it greatly exceeded most of the other lodges in 
the number of its members, many of whom were persons of 
the highest standing, both socially and masonically. 

A few of their names will suffice to indicate the character 
of the whole. Dunckerley of course heads the list, as being 
the oldest member. He is followed by James Galloway, 
J.G. Warden in 1781 ; James Heseltine, Grand Secretary, 
afterwards S.G.W., and subsequently Grand Treasurer ; 
Rowland Berkeley, Grand Treasurer ; Rowland Holt, 
D.G.M., 1775-86; Hon. Charles Dillon, D.G.M., 1768-74; 
the Duke of Beaufort, Grand Master, 1767-71 ; and the 
Duke of Buccleugh. Lords Wenman, Foley, Gormanstone, 
Tyrawley, and Effingham (Acting Grand Master), Sir Joseph 
Banks, Admiral Sir Peter Parker, D.G.M., 1787-1811; 
James Neild, the philanthropic visitor of prisons, and many 
other celebrities, both titled and untitled, too numerous to 



90 Thomas Dunckerley. 

mention. In short, I may safely say that the list of members 
includes nearly all the earnest workers and " leading lights" 
in English Masonry from about 1768 to 1800, although 
many of them only subscribed to the lodge for a few years. 
As the oldest minute-book now in the possession of the 
lodge extends no earlier than 1783, I must fall back on 
the official records to prove the connection between the 
lodge constituted on board the Prince and the one after- 
wards held at Somerset House. I have already stated that 
the last payment while it met on board ship was made in 
April, 1764, and that shortly afterwards Dunckerley was in 
financial difficulties, aho in ill-health, and actually depen- 
dent on charity. According to his story, he landed in 
England from his Mediterranean trip in November 1765, 
and subsequently removed his family to Somerset House. 

A meeting of the Committee of Charity was held " at 
the Horn in Fleet Street, January 22nd, 1766," which was 
attended by the Masters of 38 lodges, whose names are not 
given, but the names of their lodges are, and the second 
lodge on the list is "Majesty's Ship Guadaloup." Now, as 
the Guadaloupe was at this time in the Mediterranean, a 
reasonable inference would be that Dunckerley himself 
attended as Master. A week later (January 29th) a Quar- 
terly Communication was held at the "Crown and Anchor" in 
tbe Strand, which was attended by two members of a lodge 
held in a " Private Room, Somerset- House," the same lodge 
being credited with a guinea to the General Charity. A like 
amount was received on the 9th of April, and two guineas 
on the 17th of October ; on this occasion the lodge was repre- 
sented by the Master and Wardens. An engraved official 
list of lodges fur 1766 the property of the then Grand 
Secretary contains a marginal note opposite No. 279 (the 
Guadaloupe Lodge), "A Private Room, Somerset - house, 
Strand," and in a similar list for 1767, No. 279 is " Sommer- 
set-llouse Lodge, at y King's Arms, New Bond Street." 



The Somerset House Lodge. 91 

It is evident, therefore, that Dunckerley must have set 
about re-organizing the lodge shortly after he had taken up 
his residence in London. His efforts in this direction were 
probably so warmly seconded by some of the eminent 
brethren previously mentioned, that it soon became necessary 
to seek for more commodious quarters, for in the Grand 
Treasurer's list of receipts from the various lodges, under 
date 28th of January, 1767, the " Somerset- House Lodge, 
King Arms, Bond Street '* is credited with 3. 3s. to the 
General Charity ; so that the removal probably took place 
at the latter end of 1766. 

Without entering into further details, I may state that 
from this period the progress of the lodge is marked by the 
most regular and liberal contributions to the various funds 
in connection with the Grand Lodge. In this respect it was 
only second to one lodge in the whole Craft. This was a 
lodge of a similar character, and composed chiefly of the 
same members, viz., the Lodge of Friendship No. 3, the 
present No. 6. Between these two distinguished lodges a 
spirit of emulation or friendly rivalry seems to have existed 
for many years. From 1766 to the end of 1813 the 
Somerset House Lodge contributed, in fees and donations to 
the Grand Lodge for the General Charity and for building 
purposes, upwards of 1,140, exclusive of thirty guineas to 
the fund for presenting a jewel to the Earl of Moira on his 
departure to India, and several liberal donations to the 
Girls' School ; while during the same period the Lodge of 
Friendship is credited with upwards of 1 ; 190. It is only 
fair to mention that although these sums are the highest on 
record, they are not greatly in advance of the contributions 
of several other well-known metropolitan lodges, which did 
their utmost to assist in establishing the Society on a firm 
and respectable basis by enabling it to acquire " a local 
habitation " in addition to its time-honoured name. 

In its prosperous days the " Horn Lodge " had been one 



92 Thomas Dunckerky. 

of the earliest lodges to send a steward to the Grand 
Festival. How long it retained this privilege it is impos- 
sible to say, but it probably lapsed in consequence of the 
decline of the lodge after 1740. Nor can we ascertain 
whether it regained this distinction as well as its former 
place on the roll in 1751. The absence of the early records 
of the Somerset House Lodge leaves us somewhat in doubt 
as to whether it merely inherited the " red apron " on its 
union with the older lodge, or whether it had been in possession 
of that privilege some years earlier. Unfortunately from 
about 1730 to 1775 we are left almost in the dark as to 
the " red apron lodges," but in the last named year we find 
the Somerset House Lodge in the enjoyment of the unique 
distinction of having three red aprons at its disposal, whilst 
its sister lodge, the " Friendship " had but two, as was 
also the case with another aristocratic lodge (the Royal 
Lodge), which subsequently fell into abeyance and was 
erased from the list. So far as I have been able to learn 
these three were the only lodges that had the privilege of 
being represented by more than one Grand Steward at the 
same time. A probable reason for the " Somerset House" having 
one more than the others, is that it may have had two on its 
revival in 1766, when as previously noticed, it was joined 
by the upper class in such large numbers, and distinguished 
itself by the liberality of its donations. Also that the " Old 
Horn Lodge " had preserved its privilege down to 1774, 
when the two were amalgamated, thus conferring a third 
red apron on the united lodges. 

Thanks to the courtesy of the Secretary, Bro. Frederick 
West, Past Grand Deacon, I have been permitted to inspect 
the oldest minute book now in the possession of the lodge, 
which commences with a statement of its financial position 
on the 8th of January, 1783, being a Committee Meeting for 
auditing the accounts. The result shows that the lodge was 
indebted to the Treasurer to the extent of "Twentv-five 



The Somerset House Lodge. 93 

Pounds and four pence, exclusive of the Expences of this 
Night " which amounted to 2. 3s. 6d. At first sight this 
seems an unsatisfactory state of things hut the next regular 
meeting January 13th being subscription night, places the 
balance on the other side, showing 19. 2s. 2d. to the good 
after all expenses were paid. 

This was also Installation night and from the fact of the 
" minutes of the last lodge" having been "read and con- 
firmed," it is evident that the earlier records had not then 
been lost sight of. The business at this meeting was the 
appointment of officers, by Bro. Heseltine who had been 
re-elected Master at the " preceding Lodge," the initiating 
and passing to the second degree of Mr. Charles Stafford 
Smythe, and balloting for three candidates, who were 
" unanimously approved of." 

Dunckerley, it seems, had resigned his membership ; for 
the first time his name appears in the book is on the 12th 
of May following, when it is placed with the names of the 
visiting brethren. 

At this meeting " Henry Harford Esq. was Initiated 
into the first Degree of Masonry, and, by Dispensation from 
his Royal Highness the Duke of Cumberland, Grand Master, 
signified to the Lodge, by the Grand Secretary, was passed 
to the Second Degree, and raised to the Degree of Master 
Mason, on account of his intending in a short time to go to 
Maryland." This gentleman was shortly afterwards appointed 
Provincial Grand Master for Maryland. 

Dunckerley's next visit to the lodge was on the 27th 
of February, 178 ft, when his name appears in the list of 
members present but as there is no record of his having 
rejoined the lodge in the interval I am of opinion that he 
was really an honorary member, as at this time he was 
much occupied in travelling about the country and looking 
after his numerous lodges and chapters. His last appear- 
ance in the lodge was on the 8th of February, ] 790. 



94 Thomas Dunckerley. 

On the 12th of February, 1787 " It was moved by the 
S.W. and seconded by the J. W. that the 25 subscribed by this 
Lodge towards discharging the Debts of the Hall be presented 
to the Grand Lodge for the Augmentation of the Hall Fund, 
which was unanimously agreed to." The old "Freemasons' 
Tavern" being in a ruinous condition the Grand Lodge 
appealed to the Craft for assistance to rebuild it. Several of 
the London lodges responded with more or less liberality 
but the Somerset House Lodge came nobly to the front on 
the 14th April, 178S with a gift of one hundred guineas, 
being the largest amount given by any lodge for that purpose; 
the Britannic Lodge (present No. 33) coming next with a 
donation of fifty guinea". During the rebuilding of the 
Tavern the lodge was held at the " Shakespear Tavern," Covent 
Garden, and subsequently at the " Crown and Anchor," in the 
Strand. On the completion of the building operations it 
returned to its old quarters in February 1790, and from that 
time to the present its meetings have been held on the Grand 
Lodge premises. The first meeting held at the " Shakes- 
pear " was on the 8th of December 1788 ; when " Mr. John 
Guichard an Ancient Mason was proposed to be re-made 
under the Constitution of England, and to become an 
Honorary Member of this Lodge on account of his Musical 
abilities, which was duly seconded and referred to a Ballot 
next lodge night." 

On the 28th of December following, " Brother Guichard, 
an Ancient Mason, received the several obligations according 
to the Forms of the Grand Lodge of England, a Masters' 
Lodge being opened in due Form, for that purpose." 

The records of this celebrated lodge are full of interest, 
and are well worthy of reproduction in their entirety ; but 
as they have little or no reference to the subject of these 
memoirs, I am reluctantly compelled to restrict myself to 
the selection of a very few items of more or less historical 
import, which will serve to confirm my estimate of the 
character of the lodge at this period. 



The Somerset House Lodge. 95 

On the 8th of November, 1790, we meet with an old friend 
(John Maclean), who played rather an important part in the 
formation of the Grand Chapter in 1766. of which he is 
styled " Father and Promoter." A vote of thanks was 
given him, together with a " Gold Plate " " for his Instruc- 
tions and careful Attendance." The " Gold Plate " was 
probably what is now known as a R.A. jewel of the old 
pattern. These jewels or " Plates " appear to have been 
designed with a view of being plainly visible to the naked 
eye at the farthest possible distance. On the date before 
mentioned, " the R.W. Master informed the Lodge that he 
had received a Petition from Br. Maclean, formerly a 
member of this Lodge, soliciting their recommendation to 
the Grand Lodge for relief; but on examination, he found 
that he had a few years since been relieved, on the recom- 
mendation of another Lodge, to the full extent of what is 
ever given from the Fund of Charity, and, therefore, such 
recommendation would be informal. The R.W. therefore 
proposed, if it met with the approbation of the Brethren, 
that on account of the great age and infirmities of Br. 
Maclean, he be relieved from the Fund of this Lodgo with 
five guineas, and that it be paid him at 5s. a week towards 
his support, which proposition was unanimously assented to, 
and Br. Cuppage was desired to pay it him weekly." 

John Maclean is said to have been made a mason in the 
year 1740, but in what lodge has not yet been ascertained. 
His name is not in the list of members of the Somerset House 
Lodge in the Grand Lodge Register ; if, therefore, he ever 
belonged to it, it could only have been for a very short time, 
or his name would have been returned with the names of 
those who were members in 1768. It is not unlikely that 
he had been a member of the Horn Lodge, and had left it 
previous to its union with the Somerset House Lodge. At 
all events, it is certain he was held in great respect by the 
brethren with whom he had been associated in his more 
prosperous days. 



96 Thomas Dunckerley. 

The 27th of December, 1790, being election night, was 
largely attended by members as well as visitors, five of the 
latter hailing from the London Lodge. On this occasion 
there seems to have been some little opposition to Br. 
Heseltine, who had been unanimously re-elected to the 
Master's Chair for many years, certainly ever since 1782. 
At this meeting, however, he is stated to have been elected 
" by a considerable majority." 

The next meeting, the 10th of January, was Installation 
night, when 43 members and eight visitors were present. 
The ordinary business having been disposed of, " A motion 
was made, seconded and agreed to. That no visitors be 
admitted into the Lodge during the hours of Business on 
the Night prescribed by the Bye-Laws for the Election of a 
Master, nor the Night succeeding, unless such visitor shall 
chuse to pay Two Guineas as his Visiting Fee." 

This reads as though something unpleasant had occurred 
with reference to the visitors on one or both of the meetings 
mentioned. At this period the lodge was celebrated for the 
excellence of its vocal entertainments, having a large num- 
ber of professional brethren among its members. 

" Jan. 2, 1792. A Letter was received from the Secre- 
tary of the London Lodge enclosing a Resolution of the said 
Lodge on the 6th of December last, an Extract whereof is 
as follows : 

" ' Resolved that this Lodge (anxious to preserve that 
honour and liberality by which it has been its constant aim 
ever to be distinguished) do admit the members of the 
Somerset-House Lodge to visit the London Lodge without 
Fee, notwithstanding the present Custom of the Somerset- 
House towards the members of the London Lodge.' 

" "Whereupon it was Resolved that the Secretary do 
inform the R.W.M. and Brethren of the London Lodge that 
their Letter containing the above Resolution was this night 
communicated to the Brethren in open Lodge, and that 



The Somerset Home Lodge. 97 

thereupon the Thanks of the Somerset-House Lodge were 
voted." 

Notwithstanding the large sums given from the funds of 
the lodge, the Audit Meeting for 1792 showed a balance in 
the Treasurer's hands of 288. 14s. 4d. Br. Heseltine 
continued in the Chair till the end of 1793, when he de- 
clined further service. - In June, 1794, a silver cup, value 
21. 3s. was presented to him by the lodge. 

8th of April 1793. ' John Tubbs, Esq., of Stephen's 
Green, Dublin fan Ancient Mason), was proposed, and duly 
seconded, to be initiated into the Mysteries of Masonry." 

25th of May 1795. "Bro. Blackstone informed the 
Brethren that the Jacob's Ladder Lodge (lately held at the 
New London Tavern, Cheapside), and which Lodge had 
hitherto enjoyed the honour of a Red Apron by sending a 
Steward to attend the Grand Master at the Annual Grand 
Feast, had recently forfeited that honour by their omission 
to send a Steward at the last Grand Feast. In consequence 
of which the Board of Stewards (of which Br. Stafford 
Baxter, a member of this lodge, was President) had been 
pleased to nominate him to fill up the vacancy ; and having 
served the Office, he had nominated Br. Mackintosh, the 
Secretary of this Lodge, as his successor." 

From the time these minutes begin (1783) the lodge 
had only two red aprons at its disposal, this incident placed 
it again in possession of a third, which privilege it retained 
until the Union (1813) since which event, only one Grand 
Steward has been nominated annually from each of the red 
apron lodges. 

Heseltine's successor in the Chair, James Galloway, was 
one of his intimate friends, who had for many years filled 
the office of Senior Warden, and being a Past Master of 
the lodge, us far back as 1767, he invariably presided as 
Master in Heseltine's absence. He was on most friendly 
terms with Dunckerley, with whom he was associated in 
several other lodges. H 



98 Thomas Dunckerley. 

I regret that space will not admit of my doing full 
justice to the merits of this truly eminent brother ; suffice 
it to say, that, for a period of forty years, he was foremost 
in every good work appertaining to Masonry. 

The following incident bespeaks his character as a Mason 
and a Gentleman. The 22nd of December, 1794, " being 
Election Night ; the Brethren proceeded to Ballot in the 
accustomed manner for the choice of a Master for the 
ensuing year, when on casting up the votes there appeared 
to be an equal number for Br. Galloway, the R.W. Master 
now in the Chair, and for Br. Lionel Darell, Esq. On 
which the R.W. Master gave the casting vote for Br. 
Darell, who was thereupon declared to be duly elected 
Master for the ensuing year." 

Bro. Darell was installed on the 12th of January, 1795. 
At this meeting " A Letter from the Grand Secretary was 
read, stating that the Grand Lodge having occasion to borrow 
900 on the Credit of the Society towards discharging Two 
Loans of 500 each. 500 in part thereof had been already 
advanced, and requesting to know whether the Lodge, or any 
of the Brethren were inclined to lend any part of the remain- 
ing 400 still wanting to complete the said Loan , whereupon 
The R.W. Master declared that he would lend the Grand 
Lodge the 400 wanting and requested the Secretary to 
inform the Grand Treasurer thereof." " Lionel Darell Esq., 
Dean St., Soho " is registered as having joined the lodge on 
the 12th of May, 1777. He was created a Baronet during the 
first year of his mastership (1795), and seems to have been 
held in great esteem by the brethren, who re-elected him to 
the Master's chair annually, during the remainder of his 
life. On the 23rd of May, 1803, he attended the lodge for 
the last time. From his first installation, to this date, 
ninety-two meetings were held and at seventy-one of these 
he presided in person. He died in harness, October 30th, 1803. 
Sir Lionel Darell, M.P., for Heydon was chairman of the 



The Somerset House -Lodge. 09 

Court of Directors of the East India Company, and Colonel 
of the first regiment of East India Volunteers. He was 
Grand Steward in 1784-5, Junior Grand Warden in 1785-6, 
and a subscriber to the Hall Loan in 1783. In January, 
1784, he joined the Lodge of Friendship No. 3 (present No. 6), 
but resigned in 1786, "his attendance on Parliament and 
the India Board preventing his attendance at the lodge." 
His loss was keenly felt by the members generally and is 
thus referred to in the records. 

28th of Nov. 1803. 

" It was with deep regret that the Brethren at this their 
first Meeting after the Summer Adjournment had to lament the 
serious loss the lodge in general and every individual Member 
had sustained by the recent death of that most truly respect- 
able and beloved Brother and R.W. Master, Sir Lionel 
Darell. And after deliberating on what manner they could 
best adopt to perpetuate his memory and to show the high 
sense they entertained of his unexampled care and unremitting 
attention for the welfare and prosperity of the lodge, Resolved 
Unanimously. That a Copy of the best Portrait in the possession 
of the Relations of our late revered Master be obtained and 
placed in the Lodge Room at their respective meetings, and that 
the Officers of the lodge, together with the Earl of Mount 
Norris and the Revd. Br. Coghlan be appointed a Com- 
mittee to carry this Resolution into effect." 

A portrait was accordingly painted, but from the following 
references to the subject it does not appear to have been 
deemed a good likeness. 

27th of May 1805. " Br. Byfield observed to the lodge 
that Mr. Owen who had painted the portrait of Sir Lionel 
Darell had not been paid. After various remarks, Br. 
Ashton proposed that the consideration of it should be 
postponed to the next Meeting as many Members were 
absent who might have objections to make. 

"The R.W.M. proposed, as Br. Byfield was so very 

ii 2 



100 Thomas Dunckerley. 

pressing, that a Special Committee be appointed and that 
the Assist. Secretary do summons the Officers for Thursday 
30th Instant at 12 o'Clock to the Freemasons' Tavern. It 
was observed by some Members that the Portrait in question 
had been took from the Tavern. The head waiter was 
called in to inform the Lodge who had called for the portrait, 
he said a person had called in a Coach and brought a 
Note for it, but he did not inquire who he was nor did he 
know where it was took, neither had he the note that was 
brought for it." 

At the subsequent Committee Meeting the Secretary 
stated "that the portrait had been called for by one of Mr. 
Owen's people by his orders, and at this present was at 
Mr. Owens' waiting for the R.W.M. calling there. The 
R.W.M. having signified that he could point out to Mr. 
Owen some alterations which might give a more striking 
likeness. 

" Br. Hunter observed that Mr. Owen ought to be paid 
for the painting notwithstanding so many objections had been 
thrown out against it. He aver'd that no painter could 
have done more justice to a picture than Mr. Owen had 
done, irom so imperfect a copy." The lodge ultimately paid 
the artist Twenty Guineas for the portrait, but I find no 
further reference to it in the minutes nor is it mentioned in 
the inventories of the lodge property taken in the years 
1815, 1834, and 1840. It seems therefore, probable, that, 
as the likeness was not satisfactory, the brethren took no 
further steps in the matter but left it in the hands of the 
artist. 

ROYAL INVERNESS LODGE. 

The first Warrant granted after the Union in 1813, was 
for the Royal Inverness Lodge No. 648, so named after the 
second title of the Duke of Sussex, then Grand Master.* 

* Earl of Inverness. 



Hoynl Inverness Lodge. 101 

This lodge was consecrated at the Freemasons' Tavern, 
February 2nd, 1815, by the celebrated Dr. Hemming, Senior 
Grand Warden, and Master of the Lodge of Reconciliation, 
assisted by several other eminent Grand Officers, and sup- 
ported by the Duke in person who performed the ceremony of 
Installation on the occasion. Judging by their names 
nearly all the founders of the lodge appear to have come 
from "over the border," although their subsequent conduct 
does not strike one as being remarkable for the prudence 
and frugality which we are taught to believe is characteristic 
of the " Canny Scot." The original members were seven, 
viz., James Hamilton, Simon McGillivray, D. McKinnon, 
Alexander Sinclair-Gordon, Alexander Grant, Andrew 
Robertson, and H. J. da Costa. After the lodge had been 
duly constituted, Messrs. Win. Anderson, Alexander Lamb, 
Wm. Munro, and Alexander Gray Davison, " Were pro- 
posed as candidates for the first degree, balloted for and 
approved ; and by especial command and dispensation of 
the M. W.G.M., in consideration of the peculiar circumstances 
of the case, were all initiated into the first degree of the 
Order." 

This was a very fair start, although opposed to our 
present usages ; and it seems to have fostered a " vaulting 
ambition " which contributed largely to the rapid downfall 
of a lodge brought into existence under such distinguished 
auspices. 

The second meeting of the lodge was on the 23rd of 
March, 1816, when the Bye-Laws were agreed to. The 
fee for Initiation was fixed at Twenty-five Guineas if the 
candidate became a member of the lodge, but this was re- 
duced to ten guineas if he did not join. For a brother 
initiated in another lodge the joining fee was Twenty 
Guineas. 

In view of the fact that there were several old and highly 
respectable lodges meeting in the metropolis at this period, 



102 Thomas Dtmckerley. 

whose fees were much lower although composed of brethren 
of a higher grade in the social scale, the adoption of these pro- 
hibitory fees appears little less than suicidal. The lodge, 
however, had for several years a fair accession of new mem- 
bers, but somehow the attendances were from the first very 
small in numbers, while owing to the large amount of arrears 
(the annual subscription was fixed at five guineas) the lodge 
was heavily in debt to the proprietors of the Tavern, and on 
October the 12th, 1820, five members only being present, a 
discussion took place on the advisability of dissolving the 
lodge and surrendering the Warrant. 

The next meeting was held on the 24th of May, 1824, 
when several candidates were initiated, " and the revival 
and probable prosperity of the Lodge seemed to afford uni- 
versal satisfaction." At this meeting it was determined to 
remove the lodge to the Argyle Rooms. This was very like 
going "out of the frying-pan into the fire," for in March, 
1827, the proprietor of that establishment sent in a claim 
for 360 for banquets and hire of rooms, &c., the latter 
being charged at the rate of Ten Guineas for each meeting of 
the lodge. To meet this bill there was about 300 of 
arrears and 100 owing by the late Treasurer. 

"Under the circumstances it was deemed advisable to 
suspend the meetings of the lodge in the hope that some of 
the money due from the members might be collected and 
thus enable the few brethren who had stood by the lodge to 
discharge a portion of its liabilities. This hope was fal- 
lacious, and the lodge remained in abeyance till April, 1828, 
when a meeting was held, and it was determined to take 
steps to incorporate the lodge with the Somerset House 
Lodge, communications having already been opened for that 
purpose. All preliminaries and difficulties having been ad- 
justed the union was formally consummated on the 25th 
of November, 1828, the united lodges being now known as 
" The Royal Somerset House and Inverness Lodge No. 4. 
Acting by Immemorial Constitution." 



Lodge of Friendship. 103 

THE LODGE OF FRIENDSHIP No. 6, 
AND THE LODGE HELD AT " THE CASTLE," HIGHGATE. 

Some authorities ascribe the date of the constitution of 
the Lodge of Friendship to the 17th of January, 1721, while 
others place it one year later, viz., 17th of January, 1722. 

The following copy of the Title Page of a manuscript 
book in possession of the lodge must, therefore, be taken for 
what it is worth, but as it was evidently written in 1736 it 
is entitled to a certain amount of consideration. 

" The General & Bye- Laws to be observed in y e Lodge 
of Free and Accepted Masons, Constituted at y e Lord 
Cardigan's Head at Charing Cross, Jan. 17, 1722 ; re- 
mov'd to & held at Shakspear's Head in little Marlborough 
Street, St. James. 

" Ordain'd Augt. 7, 1736. 

M n - CLARE, Master. 

THOS. JEFFERIES, Senr. W. 

FRANCIS BLITHE, Junr. W." 

It ought not to be taken for granted that either of the 
dates mentioned, correctly represents the actual age of the 
lodge, for it may have been in existence many years before 
it was constituted, or acknowledged as a regular lodge. 

By the special favour of the lodge I have been per- 
mitted to examine its old records, and as they extend some 
years beyond any other original private lodge records that 
have come under my notice I need scarcely say that I am 
deeply grateful for the privilege. The first minute book 
begins in 1731, with an account of the constitution of a 
lodge which has for a considerable period been something 
like a " bone of contention " between various Masonic 
writers on both sides of the Atlantic. Being under an im- 
pression that the constitution and transactions of a lodge at 
this early period cannot fail to be generally interesting, as 
well as valuable from an historical point of view, and in 



104: Thomas Dunckerley. 

order to ensure their preservation I venture to insert them 
although they form no part of the original plan of this 
volume. 

THE LODGE AT "THE CASTLE," HIGHGATE. 

" Att a Meeting of the following Gentlemen it was 
agreed to Petition The Right Honourable The Lord Lovell, 
the Grand Master of the ancient & Honourable Society of 
Free and accepted Masons, to Constitute them into a regular 
Lodge to be held att the house of Brother Richard Brusby 
att the Castle att Highgate, which said Petition was signed 
accordingly, Vizt. : by 

" Thomas Jeffreys, Master of the Crown Lodge, Snow 

Hill. 

John Bridges, Esq., Junior Warden of the Uni- 
versity Lodge. 

John Pollexfen, Esq., of the same Lodge. 
Humphrey Primate, Master of the King's Arms, 

Cateaton Street. 
John Pluymert, Esq., Sen 1 '- Warden of the Crown, 

Snow Hill 

Edward Price, Jun r - Warden of Do. 
Henry Stonestreet, a Member of Do. 
Thomas Moore, Esq., of the University Lodge. 
Thomas Crawford, of the Bear & Harrow Lodge, 

Butcher Row." 

" Which Petition being regularly Presented, the Right 
Worshipful the Grand Master Granted & ordered the 
Constitution to be Perform'd on Saturday, the 27th Day of 
June, in the Year of Masonry, 5731. 

"Upon this order the above mention'd Petitioners attended, 
But the Grand Master not being able to attend att the Con- 
stitution gave orders to his Deputy Grand Master, Thomas 
Battson, Esq., to attend in his stead, who accordingly did 
attend with his Grand Wardens, Vizt : 



Lodge at " The Castle," Highgate. 105 

George Douglas, M.D., Sen r - Grand Warden. 
James Chambers, Esq., Jun r - Grand Warden. 
Assisted by tbe Reverend Dr. Desaguliers, formerly Grand 
Master, and the following Gentlemen, Vizt. : 
George Payne, Esq , Do. 
Nath 1 - Blackerby, Esq., Late Deputy G.M. 
Alexr. Chocke. Esq., Formerly D. Grand Master. 

Phillips, Esq., 

Dr. Hall, of Greenwich. 

" The following Brethren assisted at y e said Constitution, 
Vizt: 

Bro. Millwart, Crown, on Snow hill. 
Bro. Delvall, Paul's head, Ludgate Street. 
Bro. Parker Do. 

Bro. B. Adolphus. 1 /-, r n i 

-D TI/T AJ i ft C Grown, of Cripplegate. 

Bro. M. Adolphus. J 

Bro. Haynes, Grown, on Snow hill. 

Bro. Gates, Anchor $ Baptist head, Chancery Lane. 

Bro. Calcott, Castle $ Legg, Holburn. 

Bro. Hawkins, M r - of 3 Cranes, in Y e Poultry. 

Bro. Houghton, M r - of Richmond Lodge, in Surrey. 

Bro. Rogers, Paul's head, Ludgate Street. 

Bro. Wood, Paul's head, Do. 

Bro. Brown, Croivn, Snow hill. 

Bro. Elliott, Crown, Do. 

Bro. Misaubin, M r - of Y e Swann, Hampstead, Mddx. 

Bro. Bignell, Half Moon, Cheapside. 

Bro. Attkins, Crown, Snow hill. 

Bro. Coward, Crown, Do. 

" And the lodge was then constituted, and Bro. Edw tl - 
Price appointed Master. 

Thos. Moor Esq 1 Sr. Wardens> 

Bro. Thos. Crawford, /Jr. 

" The Petitioning Brethren of y e Lodge having form'd 
themselves into a just and perfect Lodge, on June y e 19th, 



106 Thomas Dunckerley. 

1731, the Day intended for y e Constitution, rec'd the petition 
of Thomas Clypperton well recommended by Bro. Brushy, 
at whose house this Lodge is held, to be admitted a Member 
of this Right Worshipfull Lodge, he was accordingly balloted 
for, & accepted. (Nem. Con.). In pursuance of which 
Ballott he was made a Free & accepted Mason, in the 
quality of an Enter'd prentice, at which time assisted Brothers 
Thos. Jeffreys as Master. 

John Plymert, Esq r -> Sen r - Warden, "I for y e 
John Polexfen, Esq r -> Jun r - Warden, / time being 
with several other Brethren. 

" Then the Petition of John Pawlett, Esq., recommend'd 
by Bro. Bridges to be made a Free and accepted Mason 
and admitted a Member of this Lodge, was read & was 
accordingly accepted, on ballott, by y e Brethren then present 
(Nem. Con.). 

" The Lodge upon Consultation agreed to meet on July 
y e 2nd at Brother Crawford's, at y e Bear and Harrow, in 
Butcher Row, where were present 
Bro. Price, Master. 

Bro. Moor, 1 ^ T j 

TJ n t A C Wardens. 
Bro. Crawford, J 

Bro. Bridges. 

Bro. Jeffreys. 

Bro. Clypperton. 

Bro. Pollexfen. 

when the following orders and resolutions were agreed to, 
vizt. : 

"Bro. Brusby's bill of expence at y e Constitution being 
read, and amounting to Nineteen Pounds & 6 shillings, 
was approv'd of, Nem. Con. Bro. Moody's bill for cloathing, 
& y e Grand Officers' expences, amounting to Three Pounds, 
3 Shillings ; & 5 Shillings order'd for y e Servants were 
likewise propos'd and agreed too, Nem. Con. 

" Order'd that a sett of Jewells of y e same make and price 



Ltdge at " The Castle," ffighgate. 107 

of those belonging to the University Lodge are bespoke for 
y e use of this Lodge, and that Bro. Carpenter, of y e Crown 
Lodge on Snow hill, doe prepare y e same, and that Brother 
Crawford, the Jun. Warden, doe take care to gett them 
forwarded. 

" Order'd likewise that Bro. Clypperton doe bespeake the 
wooden Jewells, in Cedar, and gett them forwarded in the 
neatest manner for the use of the Lodge. 

" Mem'dum July 10th, 

" Order'd and agreed, that no Gentleman being pro- 
posed to become a Member of y e Lodge be accepted, under 
paying Three Guineas for his making, and 5 Shillings 
admittance money, and that no Brother belonging to any 
other Lodge and desirous of becoming a Member of this, 
be admitted, but by a ballott, and upon his paying One 
Guinea admittance money, and it was further agreed too, 
that no Brother, being a visitor and desirous of being a 
Member of y e Lodge, be admitted while present, and it 
was further order'd that no Brother or any other person 
willing to become a Member hereoff be admitted but by 
a Ballott, and if there be one negative it shall be sufficient 
to refuse them. 

"Phillip Hubert, Esq. and Michaell Hubert, Esq., 
being recommended by Bro. Bridges to be made Free and 
Accepted Masons, & become Members of this Lodge, they 
were accordingly (on a ballott) accepted by the Brethren 
then present. Nem. Con." 

There were present at this meeting ten members and 
nine visitors, but the names of the two gentlemen who were 
elected are not among them nor is there any record of 
their having been initiated subsequently. 

The lodge appears to have been held fortnightly, the 
next meeting being on the 24th of July, when eight members 
and six visitors attended. " Order'd & Resolved that 
Brother Jonson do attend this lodge on all occasions, to 



108 Thomns Dimckerley. 

be heard of at St. Luke's head in Church Lane near St. 
Martin's Church at 2. 6. per Lodge Night & five Shillings 
at the Makeing." 

On the 14th of August, " Bro. Richard Brusby Master of 
the Castle Tavern att Hygate, out of his great esteem 
for Masonry, made a present of the Chair for y e Rt. 
Worshipfull y e Master of y e Lodge to sitt in, his health 
was drank accordingly, with thanks by the Brethren then 
present." 

The subsequent meetings during this year were on the 
28th of August, 8th and 25th of September, and the 9th and 
23rd of October. These meetings were all very thinly attended 
and no business appears to have been done. 
" April y e 22nd, 1732. 

Being Lodge Day, the following Brethren mett. 
Vizt. Edward Price, Master. 

Thos. Moor, Esq., Senr. Warden. 
John Pollexfen, Esq. 
John Bridges, Esq. 
Thos. Jeffreys. 
Rich d - Brusby. 
" Visitors : 

Bro. Robert Dyer, Bear $ Harrow, in Butcher 

Row. 

Bro. John Bristow, Three Tunns, Smithfield. 
Bro. Claudius Crespigny, Master of the Devil.* 
Bro. Harry Waltho, of the Rose by Temple Barr. 
Bro. John Wells, of the Paul's HeaJ, Ludgate- 

hill. 

" Upon the meeting of the Brethren above mentioned, 
some of the Lodge being absent, it was unanimously agreed 
to summons a Lodge on Saturday, the 29th instant, in order 
to consult further for the Benefitt of this Lodge." 

* He was only Master of a Lodge held at the Devil Tavern. H. S. 



Lodge at " The Castle," Highgate. 109 

" April 29th, 1732. 

" According to the Order made on the 22nd of April, 
1732, the Master, Wardens, & most of the Brethren of 
the Lodge mett, & John Pawlett, Esq., attended & was 
made a Brother of this R* W 1 - Lodge. 

" The Lodge then present took it into consideration that 
the order that no Brother Mason should be accepted in this 
Lodge unless he payd one guinea for his admission, and 
finding it necessary, as the circumstances of the Lodge then 
stood, that the admission money should be only five shillings 
till the number of the Lodge amounts to Twenty & one. 

" Bro. Bridges recommended Bro. Crespigny as worthy 
to be accepted, who was Balloted for & reed. Nem. Con. 

"Bro. Shearwood, recommended by Br. Pollexfen as 
worthy to be accepted in this Lodge, was Balloted for & 
accepted, Nemine Con." 

Ten other brethren were proposed and elected at this 
meeting, including " Br. Alexander Chocke, Esq., formerly 
Deputy Grand Master ; Br. James Moor Smith, Esq., 
Present Jun. Grand Warden ; Br. Blackerby, Esq., Late 
Deputy Grand Master ; and Br. Dr. Nathaniel Cotton." * 

" The Election for Master being fixt for this day, our 
Bro. Thomas Moor, Esq., Senior Warden, was duly Elected 
for the ensuing Half-year as Master, who appointed Bro. 
Thomas Crawford to be his Sen. Warden, & Bro. 
Chandler his Jun. Warden." 

" The Lodge Being Adjourn'd from Michaelmas Day 
1732 to Lady Day 1733, mett on the 7th day of Aprill 
following, when were present the following Brethren : 

* Probably the celebrated physician and man of letters of that name, 
author of "Visions in Verse," etc., etc., who at one time kept a house at 
St. Albans for the reception of the insane, iu which the poet Cowper 
passed nearly two years of the maddest portion of his life. Cowper 
refers to him in very kindly terms, and says that he was chosen for his 
guardian not only for his skill as a physician, but his well-known 
humanity and sweetness of temper. H. S. 



110 Thomas Dunckerley. 

" Vizt. James Moor Smith, Esq., Jun. Grand Warden. 

Thomas Crawford, Sen. Warden of this Lodge. 

John Bridges, Esq. 

George Fage, Esq. 

Harry Waltho. 

Thomas Jeffreys. 

Joshua Lewis. 
" Visitor. William Allen, Esq., of the Duke's Head, 

Lynn Regis. 

" The Lodge Being then acquainted By Brother Brusby 
that it did not suit his Interest & Conveniency to accom- 
modate the Lodge with the room they were used to meet in 
of a Saturday, it was Unanimously Agreed to Incorporate 
ourselves with the right Worshipfull the Lodge, who meet 
att the Swan on the first & third Saturday att Hamstead.'' 
The lodge held at the Swan at Hampstead in 1733 is 
now the Lodge of Friendship ; and although the book con- 
tains no record of the actual incorporation of the two lodges, 
there is no doubt as to its having taken place, as the lodge at 
Highgate (No. 79) was removed from the Engraved List for 
1734, and among the names of the members of the Hamp- 
stead Lodge in the latter part of 1733 are the names of some 
of the former members of No. 79. Other evidence tending to 
confirm this view is not wanting, although it is unnecessary 
to give it here. The book contains no further transactions 
of either lodge until the 9th of January, 1738. The lodge was 
then held at the Shakespear's Head, Marlborough Street, and 
the day of meeting had been changed from Saturday to 
Monday. The minutes of both lodges are well written, and 
the accounts kept in a most business-like manner. The 
Master appears to have performed the duties of Treasurer 
and Secretary, in addition to those appertaining to the 
Chair. At this time the leading spirit in the lodge seems 
to have been Martin Clare, A.M., F.E.S., who was appointed 
Junior Grand Warden in 1735, and Deputy Grand Master 



The Lodge of Friendship. 11 1 

in 1741. He kept the records of the lodge from January 
1738 to December 1749. There being only five members 
remaining on the books on the 10th of November 1749, in- 
cluding the proprietors of the Tavern (Bro s - George Shake- 
spear " and his son John ") it was agreed to dispose of the 
furniture and utensils of the lodge to the highest bidder, and 
to share the proceeds ; but no offer having been made by 
the 27th of December, St. John's Day, it was resolved that 
Martin Clare should " take all the properties at the rate of 
Five Pounds Sterling." The brethren dined together at 
this meeting, and " Mr. William Shakespear is invited to 
dine with the Brotherhood." This is the last appearance of 
Clare's handwriting in the book ; he died on the 19th of May, 
1751. The next folio contains the minutes of a meeting of 
the lodge at the "George, Grafton Street, near Newport 
Market, on the 23rd of April, 1751," wherein reference is made 
to the removal of the lodge from the Shakespear' 's Head to 
the G-eorge; James Wild (a former member), who is described 
as W. P. Master, being present. This brother joined the 
lodge in 1740, and as he frequently presided in the absence 
of the Master, he had probably been elected to the Chair in 
another lodge. 

Before proceeding further in the examination of these 
very interesting records, I wish to direct attention to certain 
peculiarities in the proceedings of the lodge during the ten 
years immediately preceding its last removal. An occa- 
sional extract from the minutes will probably be sufficient 
for this purpose. 

The first minutes written by Clare are the records of a 
meeting held at the Shakespear's Head on Monday, January 
9th 1738, and are as follows. 

" The lodge was this Evening opened at past 7. The 
Weather being tempestuous, the S r - W. was present but 
Bro. Jackson acted as J.W. The Minutes of the last Meet- 
ing were read from the Chair and confirm'd by the Members. 



112 Thomas DuncJcerley. 

Several of the Members present paid in their arrears and 
Contributions to the Expenses of the Current half year. 

" The Laws of the Society were read from the Chair. 

" The Master's Acct. of the last half Year's Rec'ts and 
Payments was publickly read and audited, on Balance 
whereof it appear'd that there was 8. 13s. 7d. due to the 
Credit of this Society. His Account was regularly signed 
in full Lodge. 

" An Examination was passed between the Master and 
his Acting Wardens alternately. Business being then over, at 
J an hour after 9. Adjourned." It will be observed that 
the word " Society " in this instance refers to this particular 
lodge, and not to the Craft generally. 

At the next Meeting, February the 13th, 

" The Master requested Br. Clare to entertain the Society 
at the next Conference on some laudable subject, in which 
he was Seconded by the Members. " 

March the 13th. " Bro. Clare according to his undertak- 
ing read the Society a Lecture on the Subject of Education, 
wherein in favour of the Masons' Sons, he described the 
Qualifications of the Instructor and the Pupil's Disposition 
and Demeanour of the Pupil in order to give the Business 
of their coming together the expected Success." 

This appears to have been the introduction to a practice, 
which was probably not unusual among the higher class 
lodges in the " olden time," although it has not hitherto 
come under my own observation ; very few lodges having 
a record of their proceedings at this period. I allude to 
the practice of the members and visitors entertaining their 
brethren at the various meetings with lectures or readings 
on scientific subjects. 

For several years this was the custom of the Shakes- 
pear's Head Lodge, and when no brother was prepared with 
a lecture, a part of the History of Masonry was generally 
read from the Chair. 



The Lodge of Friendship. 113 

The following were the subjects of discussion during the 
year 1738. 

May the 8th : " Bro. Jackson read his Lecture on the 
nature of Stones and their efficacy and showed several 
natural curiosities in that way." 

June the 12th : " Bro. Robertson appeared as a Visitor 
and Lectured the Society in a learned, elegant and agreeable 
manner, on the principles of Astronomy, to this the Society 
paid a strict attention and drank to his health in the most 
affectionate and grateful Manner." As the vote of thanks and 
the drinking of the lecturer's health invariably followed the 
lecture, it will probably be deemed sufficient if I merely 
give the subject of the discourse in future. 

July the 10th : " A discourse concerning the Reflexion 
and Refractions of Light by the Master." 

August the 14th : " Part of the Architecture of Palladio 
was read and a Lecture on the Structure of the Eye delivered 
by the Master." 

Sept. the llth : A Discourse on the Origin of Writing, 
by the Master." 

Oct. the 9th : " The Master continued his course of 
Lectures and showed the Wonders that happen unobserved 
in the Article of vision." 

Nov. the 13th : "A continuation of the foregoing." 

Dec. the llth: "An Introduction to the properties of 
Colours, by the Master." 

Sept. the 10th, 1739 : " It was moved that in considera- 
tion of the multiplication of Lodges, and the Commonness of 
the Craft in and about this neighbourhood ; that the Admission 
Fees in this Society be reduced from Three to Two Guineas, in 
hopes that this may be an inducement to acceptable Men 
to enter the Craft by means of the eldest of the Constituted 
Lodges here assembled. This was thought reasonable in our 
present Circumstances and it passed for the first time, Nem. 
Con." 



114 Thomas Dunckerley. 

The Joining Fee was reduced at the same time to half-a- 
Guinea. Both these reductions were confirmed at the next 
meeting. 

Jan. the 14th, 1740 : "The late Master's Accounts were 
Audited and passed with great Credit, for a Lawyer, and 
he received 4s. 3d. Balance with the Cordial Thanks of 
the Society for his Just and Prudent Administration during 
the last Six Months." It must not be inferred that the 
Master had misbehaved himself during t\\e first six months; 
he had only occupied the Chair during the period named, 
the officers being then elected half-yearly, and in some lodges 
quarterly. 

July the 14th, 1740 : " A Letter from the Grand Officers 
summoning the Officers of this Lodge to a Qy. Com- 
munication on the 23rd Instant was read from the Chair. 
But the Society judged that at this warm Season of the 
Year the Health of the Members of the Grand Lodge might 
be affected if the press was too great and therefore hoped 
their presence might be dispensed with." * 

Jan. the 25th, 1742 : " The Master proposed the Eevival 
of the Lectures in this place and this seeming universally 
agreeable to the Society, his Worship requested the D.G.M., 
to entertain the Lodge this Day Fortnight at 9 o'Clock and 
the Subject was left to his own choice. After him Bro. 
Wagg promised to read this Day Month." 

The scientific lectures had been omitted for several 
months past. The word " Eevival " was originally written 
Revisal by Clare, but as the proceedings were transcribed 
by him, from rough minutes, probably taken by someone 
else, he doubtless mistook the word and afterwards altered 
the s into a v, although at first sight and taken without 
the context the word might now easily be mistaken for 
Revised. 

* How very considerate ! H. S. 



The Lodge of Friendship. 115 

This trifling error may have given rise to the tradition 
that Clare revised the Craft Lectures by request of the Grand 
Lodge ; I am not however aware of the existence of the 
least evidence or indication that he did anything of the kind. 

Aug. the 8th, 1743 : " The Contributions this Night 
came to 2. 5s. and were deposited in the Treasurer's 
absence with our Sister Shakespear." 

"The Society requested Br. Clare to post up their 
loose Minutes to this place, which he hath here done." 

It is with a feeling of regret that I now take leave of 
the early records of this celebrated lodge. In my humble 
opinion every word contained therein is worthy of preserva- 
tion, as being reliable and indisputable Masonic History ; and 
I sincerely trust that, in the interests of the fraternity at large, 
the members may ultimately see their way to sanction their 
being printed in their entirety. The withdrawal of Martin 
Clare and the other old members seems to have reduced the 
lodge to a somewhat lower position in the social scale than it 
had previously occupied. This descent however was balanced 
by increased activity and more numerous attendances. 
From 1751 to 1767 the records are little more than a register 
of the brethren present at each meeting, with the names of 
new members and the receipts and expenses of the evening. 

An incident, however, is recorded in the minutes of the 
22nd of July, 1755, which doubtless gave rise to no little 
excitement. Fortunately for the lodge Bro. James Wild was 
still a member and it is probably owing to this circumstance 
that it retained its position on the list of lodges. 

At the meeting referred to a letter was received from 
the Grand Secretary " Citing the Lodge to appear at the 
Committee of Charity to answer the Lodge at the Fish & 
Bell, they making Demand to be placed on the List of Lodges 
prior to ours, Viz. in No. 3. The Rt. Worshipful Master 
of this Lodge, Br. Wild attended the said Committee. When 
the Question being put, Br. Wild spoke to it and defended 



116 Thomas Dunckerky* 

our Rights, with the Spirit natural to himself and well becom- 
ing the honour he assum'd when, after several Debates (they 
not being able to make their demands appear any ways 
Legall), it was Declared in Favour of us & this Lodge 
was order'd to be placed as No. 3. & the Lodge at the Fish 
& Bell was order'd never to make any such Demands for 
the Future. The Rt. W. Master making this Report this 
Evening, his health was drunk to, in Form, and he had the 
Thanks of the whole Lodge for his Regard and Care in 
Executing the Trust Repos'd in him." 

The Lodge at the Fish and Bell, Charles Street, Soho 
(now the Fortitude and Old Cumberland Lodge No. 12), 
was one of the old lodges in existence prior to the formation of 
the Grand Lodge, and but for some difference among its 
early members, it would have been considered a " Time 
Immemorial Lodge," taking rank before the Lodge of Friend- 
ship instead of after it, but having accepted a " Consti- 
tution " in 1723, its proper place was among the lodges 
warranted in that year. Probably some of the Members 
had read Anderson's account of this transaction in the Book 
of Constitutions (1738), and knowing that the lodges were 
being re-numbered in 1755, thought the time favourable for 
making an effort to regain their former position. 

In 1761 the Lodge No. 3 removed from Grafton Street 
to the Sun and Punch Bowl, High Holborn, at which 
house it met regularly for several years, although the attend- 
ances were much smaller than formerly, indeed it seems to 
have been again on the decline. 

On the 5th of February, 1767, seven members and three 
visitors were present, one of the latter being " Br. French of 
the Stewards Lodge." This brother was Grand Steward in 
1767 and probably a member of the Somerset House Lodge, he 
having nominated a brother of that lodge to succeed him as 
Grand Steward for the following year. On this occasion the 
"House bill" came to 8s. 5d., leaving a balance of 1. 5s. 0d. 



The Lodge of Friendship. 117 

in the hands of the Master. The following was added to the 
minutes after the lodge was closed. 

" N.B. Br. Grinnard proposed exchanging this Constitu- 
tion for another and a Convention Night to be summoned 
the 8th Instant to consider the same. Agreed to, N.C." 

No doubt this proposition was the result of a conversation 
between French and Grinnard tho Master, over a social 
pipe and glass. 

The " Convention " meeting was attended by thirteen 
members, probably the whole strength of the lodge, and 
lour visitors, including French, and " Galloway of the 
Somerset House Lodge." 

" The Members after Little Altercation, Unanimously 
Agreed to Exchange this Constitution for a New one in 
Favour of some Honourable Gentlemen Newly Made." 

On the 22nd of the same month, " Br. Giddins the 
R.W.P.M. Moved that the following Brethren be admited 
Members of this Lodge, Viz : 

Br. The Honble. Charles Dillon. 

Rowland Holt, Esq. 

Thos. Dunckerley, Esq. 

Thos. French, 

,, Captn. Barnard. 

James Galloway. 

Robert Brown, Esq. 

John Errington, Esq. 

Henry Errington, Esq. 

Which proposition being properly seconded, the Question 
was put in the usual manner, and they were admited with 
unanimous consent." 

On the 4th of March, Br. French proposed " that this 
Lodge be removed to the Thatched House in St. James 
Street, and that a consideration be paid for the Regalia of 
the Lodge, which Question being put was unanimously 
approved of, and accordingly Thirty Guineas were paid into 



118 Thomas Dunckerley. 

the hands of Br. Grinnard on that Acct., to such Members 
as do not choose to remove with the Lodge. The U.W. 
Master signified his inclination to resign his Office, which, 
having received the assent of the other Officers and Brethren," 
Br. Dillon was elected in his place, who appointed French 
Sen r - Warden and Galloway Jun 1 '- Warden. All business 
being over, the Lodge was closed in due form and adjourned 
during the Master's pleasure. 

A week later the lodge was opened at the Thatched House 
by the new officers, with Dunckerley as " P.M." The Duke 
of Beaufort being present, he was proposed, "Balloted for, and 
admited unanimously." 

Fourteen other brethren were also elected at this meet- 
ing; twelve of whom were designated " Esq. "the remaining 
two being the Duke of Buccleugh and Lord Wenman. 

Br. Dillon then resigned his brief mastership, and on 
the proposition of Dunckerley, the Duke of Beaufort was 
elected in his place. 

" Resolved that this Lodge shall be called for the future 
The Lodge of Friendship, and that notice be given thereof 
to the Grand Secretary, as also of the removal of the Lodge 
to this House." 

The brethren who had agreed to " exchange the Consti- 
tution " resigned in a body " as the places of their abode are 
too far distant from this House," A few months later they 
received a new Warrant, which only cost them four guineas, 
for a lodge to be held at their old house, thus making a 
clear profit of Twenty-six Guineas over the transaction. This 
lodge is now The Lodge of Honour and Generosity No. 165, 
and although Dunckerley's name is not in the list of its 
members I have not the smallest doubt that he suggested 
its distinctive title as well as that of The Lodge of 
Friendship ; the former probably in allusion to the honour- 
able and generous conduct which led to its formation. 
Nearly all the lodges constituted by him bore names of a 



The Lodge of Friendship. 119 

similar character, such as Harmony ; Benevolence ; Good 
Will ; Unanimity ; Good Fellowship ; Love and Honour ; 
Urbanity; Unity and Friendship; &c. Briefly told, this is 
the origin of the celebrated Lodge of Friendship, No. 6. 
At first sight it would appear that French was the person 
principally concerned in the transfer of the " Constitution," 
and a complaint was made against him and the former 
members of the lodge on that account, at a Committee of 
Charity on the 8th of April, 1767. Dunckerley, Galloway, 
French, and a number of their friends were present at this 
meeting. Indeed, it looks very like "a whip up," Fifty-five 
masters of lodges attending, as against Thirty-three at the 
previous Committee. After considerable discussion, and on 
the recommendation of the Grand Master in the Chair 
(Col. Salter, D.G.M.), it was " Resolved, that as a mark of 
high respect to his Grace the Duke of Beaufort and the other 
noblemen and Honourable Gentlemen who meet under the 
Name of the Lodge of Friendship, and in consideration of 
their being very young Masons, that the Constitution, No. 3 
shall remain with them, even tho' it should appear upon 
future enquiry that this affair hath been transacted contrary 
to the constitutions but at the same time resolved that this 
shall not be looked upon as a Precedent for the future on 
any account whatever." 

The subject cropped up again upon the reading of the 
minutes of the Committee of Charity at a Quarterly Com- 
munication held on the loth of April. " The minutes of the 
last C.C. were Read and Confirmed, except that part of them 
which related to the Brother French, which were not read 
for Confirmation as he declared in open Q.C. that as he 
found he had been concerned in a Transaction relative to 
the removing of a Lodge by which he had given Offence to 
the Grand Officers and the other Members of the Grand 
Lodge. He was sorry that he had so done." 

At this meeting the Duke of Beaufort was nominated as 



120 Thomas Dunckerley. 

Grand Master, and on the 27th of the month was Unani- 
mously Elected. On the 28th of October, 1768, on the decease 
of the Grand Secretary, he appointed French to the vacant 
office. As will have been seen, French had all the kicks ; 
although, in my opinion, his real part was merely that of a 
" go-between," or " cat's paw," and that the idea of secur- 
ing this famous old lodge exclusively for themselves and 
their friends, was conceived by Dunckerley and Galloway. 
The ingenuity displayed at the outset of the business is on a 
par with the effective simplicity of its conclusion. 

Having achieved their desires, and obtained absolution, 
they are astounded at the enormity of their crime, and pro- 
mise " never to sin again," evincing the sincerity of their 
penitence by agreeing to a resolution prohibiting all others 
from following in their footsteps. 

The complainant in the case represented a very select 
lodge, held at the same house as the " Friendship," and 
having recently initiated two Royal Dukes, it had in con- 
sequence adopted the title of " The Royal Lodge," (No. 313). 
It is just possible, therefore, that the " virtuous indignation " 
aroused by seeing a few brethren who were comparatively 
speaking outsiders, in possession of the oldest " Constitution," 
was not entirely disinterested. Indeed, it is highly probable 
that, had the members of the complaining lodge "only 
known it in time " they would have acted in a somewhat 
similar manner. Doubtless the result was not quite what 
had been hoped for, as by their action they had cut the 
ground from under their own feet and effectually debarred 
themselves from doing likewise, should an opportunity occur. 
If fears for the future of their lodge had anything to do with 
their opposition, subsequent events proved their justification, 
for in proportion as the "Friendship " increased in prosperity 
and influence so the " Royal" decreased ; no new members 
were registered after 1801 and the last payment was made to 
Grand Lodge in 1806. For my own part I fail to see 



The Lodge of Friendship. 121 

either harm or illegality in the transaction ; and there 
cannot be a shadow of doubt that much good resulted 
therefrom, for whereas No. 3 at the Sun and Punch Bowl 
was probably in a fair way to extinction, No. 3, at the 
" Thatched House " prospered and increased exceedingly, 
materially contributing to the elevation of the Craft both 
socially and financially. 

The Royal Alpha Lodge, No. 16, was preserved, in a 
similar manner by the Duke of Sussex and some of his 
friends. This lodge, which was constituted in 1722 had 
been in a declining state for several years, and in 1823 could 
only muster five or six members. It was also in debt to the 
Treasurer ; whereupon the Duke and twenty other eminent 
brethren, all Grand Officers or Past Grand Officers, were 
proposed and elected in a body ; the old members resigned, 
and the lodge has ever since been considered the private 
lodge of the Grand Master for the time being. 

In its new quarters the Lodge of Friendship rapidly in- 
creased in strength, and by the end of 1768 upwards of sixty 
new members had been enrolled. For the first few years 
Dunckerley attended nearly every meeting, frequently pre- 
siding as Master in the absence of the Duke of Beaufort and 
the Hon. Charles Dillon, who succeeded to the Chair on 
his Grace's assuming the Grand Mastership. When not 
acting in this capacity his name appears among the officers 
as a "P.M." and he is the only member so designated. 

I regret that I can only find space for a very few ex- 
tracts from the records of this period. On the 27th of May, 
1767, "Her Grace the Dutchess of Beaufort having been 
nominated last meeting as Lad// Patroness of this Lodge, 
was now unanimously Elected as such. Order'd that the 
same be notified to Her Grace, and that she be requested to 
do the Lodge the Honor of her Patronage, and that a pair 
of Gloves be presented to her Grace." 

The price paid for these gloves was Five Guineas, so 



122 Thomas Dunckerley. 

that they were doubtless something quite out of the common, 
and really fit for a " Dutch ess." 

Dec. the 9th, 1767, The Duke of Beaufort being present, 
" The Lodge requested the Grand Master to indulge the 
Members of this Lodge with the Privilege of wearing their 
swords in Lodge Hours, Which His Grace was pleas'd to 
comply with." 

At a Committee of Charity, held the 22nd of April, 1768, 
" Brother Edwards, the S.G.W. inform'd the G.M. in the 
Chair, that he had sufficient Reasons to believe that some 
Lodges under the Constitution of the G.M. of England per- 
mitted the Brethren thereof to appear arm'd during Lodge 
Hours, which he was in his own mind convinc'd was an 
Innovation in, & contrary to, the antient Usages and 
Customs of the Society, but begged Leave to take the 
opinion of his Worship and the Committee on that occasion. 

" After some debates had thereon, & the Question being 
put whether such a practice was or was not an Innovation 

it passed in the Affirmative by a large 

Majority. 

" Resolved, that the D.G.M. be desired by the Committee 
to wait on tho Rt. Worshipfull the G.M. his Grace the Duke 
of Beaufort and acquaint him with these their sentiments, 
and humbly to request his Grace to forbid the Practice." 

At a meeting of the Lodge of Friendship on the 12th of 
May following, " A Letter was received from the Grand 
Secretary intimating the pleasure of the M.W.G. Master to 
withdraw his dispensation lately granted to the Brethren of 
this Lodge for wearing Swords in Lodge Hours." 

On the 28th of April, 1768, the Duke of Buccleugh was 
elected Master of the lodge on the recommendation of the 
Duke of Beaufort, who " assured the Brethren that the 
Duke of Buccleugh would undertake the Office with great 
pleasure." His Grace, however, does not appear to have been 
a very zealous Mason, for he was not present when he was 



The Lodge of Friendship. 123 

elected, nor did he attend the lodge during his mastership. 
I need scarcely state that the noble Duke was not re-elected, 
neither was he presented with a Past Blaster's Jewel. 

On the next election night, March the 8th, 1769, "The 
RW.D.G.M. Moved, that a Letter of thanks be sent to our 
Br. the Duke of Buccleugh, late Master of the Lodge for 
his Grace's services and attendance during the past year. 
Order'd; and that the same be wrote by our said 
R.W.D.GKM."* 

On the 9th of November, 1768, "Br. Dunckerley repre- 
sented to the Lodge that Br. Thos. Dibdin (late commander 
of the Antigallican Privateer) was reduced to great want and 
misery, and now confined for Debt in the King's Bench 
Prison, with Wife and five children. Order'd, That this 
Lodge do send Three Guineas towards his relief." 

At a meeting of the Committee of Charity on the pre- 
ceding 21st of October, Dunckerley acting as Junior Grand 
Warden, Br. Dibdin was relieved with Five Pounds, and 
on the 16th of November, 1770, in response to another appsal 
the Committee voted him Twenty Pounds ; an unusually 
large grant in those days. 

On the 10th of January, 1770, " A Letter was received 
from Br. Dunckerley, desiring leave to decline being any 
longer a Member on account of his residence in the Country, 
but that he may be admited an Honorary Member, which 
was agreed to." 

From this date Dunckerley 's name appears in the book 
only at long intervals ; his friend Galloway, however, con- 
tinued to act as Secretary down to 1802, having served the 
lodge in that capacity for a period of thirty-five years. He 
died in 1805 at the age of seventy-six. 



* This reads very like sarcasm on the part of the Proposer, with a 
smart rejoinder, probably emanating from either Dunckerley or Gal- 
loway, who were both of a jocular disposition. II. S. 



124 Thomas Dunckerley. 

THE LODGE OF HARMONY, No. 255. 

This, the last of Dunckerley's creations, was also the last 
lodge of which he was master. At his request, a Dispensation 
dated June the 2nd, 1 785, was granted to him " for holding 
a Lodge at Hampton Court," a Warrant being shortly after- 
wards issued bearing the same date, and numbered 474. 

A very concise little history of the lodge from the year 
1801* tells us that its earliest minutes have unfortunately 
met the fate of the records of many other old lodges. It 
would appear, however, from the accompanying list of mem- 
bers copied from the Grand Lodge .Register, that the lodge 
did a fair amount of good work down to the year 1792. 

About this period its promoter, for the benefit of his 
health, passed most of his time in the Southern counties 
where his Masonic work chiefly lay. 

The first meeting, by virtue of the Dispensation, was 
heldonthe llth of July 1785, when, according to the Register, 
the two gentlemen were initiated whose names appear on 
the Warrant as the first Wardens. The absence from the 
list of the names of all Dunckerley's old friends in town, 
favours the inference that the burden of the work fell upon 
his own shoulders, and that his genial qualities, Masonic 
zeal, and ability, formed the cement which held the lodge 
together. From the end of 1792 to the beginning of 1802 
no payments are recorded in the Grand Lodge books from 
the Lodge of Harmony, hence it would appear that it was 
practically dormant during that period. I learn from the little 
book previously mentioned that on the 16th of July, 1801, 
a number of brethren assembled at the Toy Inn with the 
intention of reviving the lodge. Their efforts were success- 
ful, and Brother Thomas Haverfield, the first Senior Warden, 
was unanimously elected Master in his absence. He, hovv- 

* "A Short Account of the Lodge of Harmony, No. 255 [from 
1801 to 1868]. By Gordon W. Clark, P.M. Continued to 1885 by 
Raymond H. Thrupp, P.M. and Secretary, P. A G D.C. and Dep. G.M. 
Middlesex." 



The Lodge of Harmony. 



125 



ever, accepted the office, and was followed by a long list of 
brethren of various degrees of eminence, whose successive 
efforts have resulted in firmly establishing the lodge in the 
prominent position which it now occupies, a position well 
worthy of its distinguished founder. As I understand, the 
records of the lodge are intact since its resuscitation in 1801, 
I have much pleasure in supplying the names of those who 
were members previously, together with some of Dunckerley's 
letters referring to the lodge, and I much regret that I can- 
not also furnish the names of the different office-holders 
during the same period. With regard to the offices of 
Master, Treasurer, and Secretary, I have no doubt that they 
were practically filled by one person, and I think I should 
not be far wrong were I to suggest that the name of that 
person was Thomas Dunckerley. 



MEMBERS' NAMES. 


\'.i. 




BfSIXESS OR PKOrESSIO 


v. RESIDENCE. 


WHEN HADE MASONS. 


Thomas Dunckerley 




30 


Barrister . . 


Hampton Court 




Jan. 10th, 1754. 


Thomas Haverfleld 




34 


Esq. 


Do. .. 




July llth, 1785. 


William Bowater. . 




29 


Captn. Marines 


Do. .. 




Do. 


Thomas Branson . . 


54 


Operative Masoi 


l Do. . . 




July 18th. 


.Robert Brawn 


24 


Esq. 


Kew .. 






Maurice Jones 




40 j Surgeon . . 


Hampton 




Aug. 31st. 


Robert Tunstall . . 




25 


Architect . . 


Kew .. 




Do. 


Richard Dupuis . . 




22 


Surgeon . . 


London 




Do. 


Cillery Pigott 




24 


Captn. Militia 


Kew .. 




Do. 


John Haverfleld . . 




41 


Architect . . 


Richmond . . 


Sept. 14th. 


William Ramus . . 




34 


Esq. 


St. James' Palace 




Do. 


Rev. Harry Paxton 




26 


Clerk 


Mortlake 




Do. 


John Railton .. 




38 


Merchant . . 


Hampton 




Oct. 19th. 


Charles Brown 




41 


Architect . . 


Richmond . . 




Do. 


George Ramus 


37 


Esq. 


St. James' Palace 




Do. 


James Sayer 




26 


Esq. 


Richmond . . 




Do. 


James Christopher 




18 


Inuholder.. 


Hampton Court 




Do. 


W. J. Griffenhoofe 




22 


Surgeon . . 


Hampton 




Nov. 16th. 


John Price.. 




24 


Mate of E. I. Sh j 




Do. 


Richard Tickell . . 




34 


Comr. of Stamp 


Hampton Court 


Do. 


Charles Rowles . . 




25 


Esq. 


K ingston 




Deer. 23rd. 


Rev George Dupuis 




25 


Clerk 


Hoddesdon . . 




Jan. 18th, 1786. 


Rev Henry Waller 




24 


Clerk 






Do. 


Thomas Boone 




24 


Surgeon . . 


| Sunbury 




Feb. 15th. 


Rev J. D. Raincock 




24 


Clerk 


Hampton 


Do. 


Rev George Belgrave 




30 


Clerk 


Hampton Court 


Mar. 15th. 


Rev Arthur Owen 




25 


Clerk 


Hanover Square 


April 19th. 


James Powell 




23 


Esq. 


Inner Temple 


Aug. 21st. 


William Clark . . 




40 


Servant . . 


Kingston, Surrey 


Do. 


Samuel Lewin 




25 


Esq. 


i Twickenham 


April 4th, 1787. 


John Randall 




26 


Coachmaker 


Long Acre 


Aug. 1st. 


Anthony Steventon 




31 


Atty.-at-Law 


Ely Place 


Aug. 29th. 


Rev. HughTotty.. 




30 


Clerk 


Maidenhead Berk 


Oct. 31st. 


George Kdward . . 




40 


Captn. Navy 


Richmond 


April 12th, 1791. 


Rev. Thos. Wrench 




25 


Clerk 


Camberwell 


Do. 


John Pusey Edwards 




22 


Student . . 


Oxford 


: May 17th. 


John Thos. Harbridge 




21 


Gentleman 


London 


, Aug. 12th, 1792. 



* The age of the brother when he was initiated. H. S. 



126 Thomas Dunckerley. 

" Hampton Court Palace, 

"July 21, 1785. 
" Dear Brother, 

" I shall hope to give you a very good account of the 
several Lodges under my care before November next ; as my 
Grand Lodge for the County of Somerset will be held in the 
City of Wells about the middle of October. I am now to 
desire a Warrant may be made out for the Lodge of Har- 
mony No , to be held at the Toy, Hampton Court, on 
the Wednesday on or preceding the full Moon of each 
Month. 

Thos. Dunckerley \ f Master. 

Thos. Ilaverfield, Esq. > to be the < Sen. Warden. 
Captn. Wm. Bowater j I Jun. Warden. 

We beg you will get it framed & Glazed & put in a deal 
case, the cover to slide in a Groove, with two brass rings to 
the frame for it to be hung up each night in the Lodge 
Room. 

" The Royal Cumberland Lodge at Bath are ready to 
subscribe 25 to the Hall ; if Bro. Berkley will send me a 
Medal for them, I will be accountable to him for the same. 

" When our Lodge is increas'd, & can work, which I 
hope will be very soon ; we shall be happy to see you and 
any serious Brother. A man named Tombs has behav'd 
very ill at Bristol : of which you will have a particular 
account in my annual state of Lodges. 

" Mrs. Dunckerley unites with me in sincere regard, 
& am 

" Y r - affect. Brother, 

" Mr. WHITE, " THOS. DUNCKERLEY." 

" Sion Gardens, 

" Alderrnanbury, 

"London." 



The Lodge of Harmony. 127 

" Hampton Court Palace, 

" Aug. 19th, 1785. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I was duly favour'd with Yours of the 16th, Our 
Lodge is greatly obliged to you for the enquiry concerning 
the Frame & Glass, but think it too great an expence & 
for the present will keep it roll'd up in the Pedestal. - On 
the other side is the state of the Lodges under my care 
you will perceive there are two removals marked* for which 
I have paid you Fees & shall have a large sum to pay you 
for Constitutions, Contributions, &c., after I have held my 
Grand Lodge for Somerset at Wells the beginning of October. 
I shall then make up the Account & send you a Draught on 
my Banker for the whole sum. I must desire Brother 
Berkley will let me have the Medal for y e R. Cumberland 
Lodge some time next Month that I may take it with me 
to Bath. I beg you will do me the favour to accquaint 
Brother Meyler at Bath it is my desire that he will draw 
on Brother Berkley for 5 & pay it to Brother Way. I 
shall hope soon to find that you have got No. 2 on y e other 
side over to us. I am with sincere regard to Sister White 
& Yourself. 

" Your Affect. Brother, 

"THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 

" Greeting to all serious Brethren " 
" Wm. White, Esq." 

" No. 2 on y e other side " was an " Ancient " Lodge 
which had been for some years in abeyance but was resus- 
citated in 1784 ; shortly afterwards it was joined by several 
" Moderns " which probably gave rise to a hope that it 
might be brought over to the opposition. Nothing however 
came of it. The lodge prospered and continued its allegiance 
to the body from which it emanated. It is now the Lodge 
of Fidelity No. 3. 



128 Thomas Dunckerley. 

" Hampton Court Palace, Sept. 29, 1785 

" Dear Sir, 

" Indeed I am much concern'd for the loss of our 
worthy Bro. Berkley ; as a truly sincere friendship had 
subsisted between us for more than thirty years. There 
must be some Mistake respecting the Medals for Bros. 
Sperling & Tyssen; as those Gentlemen have had their 
Medals three Months ago. Bro. Berkley sent them to 
me at my Lodgings in Piccadilly (on the 3rd of last June), 
by a young man, to whom I immediately gave a Draught 
for 50, on Thos. Coutts, Esq., & Co., in y e Strand. I shall 
be glad to find that it is properly settled. 

" The Medal for the R. Cumberland Lodge ; I must beg 
you will send by next Monday's Coach, addressed to Mr. 
Henry Attwood, Surgeon at Bath : & make me Debtr. for 
the 25. If it is not too late to be inserted in the Calendar 
I must desire that y e Meeting of the Lodge at this place 
may be registered for y e "Wednesday on or after the full 
Moon in January, February, March, April, Sept., Oct., 
Nov., & December, at high Noon. I have the pleasure to 
acquaint you that I have already made Nine Gentlemen in 
this Lodge ; & four are to be made y e 19th of next month 
when & where I shall be very happy to see you. We open 
the Lodge at Noon, do business till 3 ; then go to dinner 
& at 6, call on to labour ; & close at 7. Give me a line in 
return & believe me. 

" Your Affect. Friend & Brother, 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 
" William White, Esq." 

"Hampton Court Palace, Oct. 20th, 1785. 
" Dear Sir, 

" We are greatly obliged to you for the Dispensation 
& beg to know if any Fees are requir'd for the same. 

Only five came to be made ; three being prevented by 



The Lodge of Harmony. 129 

business ; & I have five to make at our next Meeting should 
more offer shall avail myself of the Dispensation. 

I made James Christopher, who tho' not Nineteen ; 
conducts the Business at the Toy, & maintains 6 Brothers 
& Sisters, a most worthy Character. "We should have been 
happy if you could conveniently have been with us ; hope 
to see you in the Spring. The Harmonie Lodge ; Hampton 
Court have unanimously voted a Loan of 25 to the Hall, 
I beg you will order a Medal for us and should be glad to 
have it before the 16th of next Mouth.* 

" Your Affect. Bro., &c., 

" THO?. DUNCKERLEY. 

" William White, Esq." 

" Hampton Court Palace, Jany. 2nd, 1786. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I was setting out for Salisbury on the morning 
that your favour of the 12th ultimo came to hand, with 
one enclos'd from Bridgwater, to which I paid the proper 
attention & granted the Dispensation they requested. The 
same Post brought me a treble letter from Pool. Also a 
letter from the Lodge at Naples (under a flying Seal, to my 
care) to the Grand Lodge at London ; which I hope to 
have the happiness of delivering in person at the next 
Quarterly Communication. 

" I beg (if the plate is finish'd), that you will get a Book 
of Constitutions, bound in rough calf, & letter'd on one of 
the covers 



LODGE OF HARMONY, 
HAMPTON COURT. 



" I wish to know if the Petitions from Bristol met with 

* The Loan was changed into a Gift in 1787. See p. 81 "No. 474, 
Harmonic Lodge." H. S. 

K 



130 Thomas Duiickerley. 

the desir'd success : that I may settle Accounts with you 
for Bro. Lewis & Bro. Meyler of Bath. I have money 
for the next Qua. Com. from y e Lodge of Science & Apollo 
Lodge at Salisbury, also 3 subscriptions for Vandyke's Plate 
Let me know if you have heard from him. I hope soon 
to receive from you the accounts of the last Qua. Com. ; 
but beg you will not be at the trouble to send any more 
printed notices of the times when the Committee of Charity 
& Quar. Corns, are to be held as they are of no use to 
the Lodges under my care ; The Calendars giving them 
sufficient notice ; and I shall take care to spur them up 
annually for the needful. I was much concern'd at our 
Bro. Heseltine's Indisposition ; hope you will be able to 
inform me that he is perfectly recover'd. My Wife desires 
to unite with me in sincere regard to him, Yourself & 
Families ; wishing you all many happy returns of this 
season. 

" I remain (in hopes of hearing from you soon), 

" Your Affect. & Zealous Brother, 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 

"William White, Esq." 

THE PRINCE OF WALES'S LODGE, No. 259. 

THIS lodge was first held on the 16th of April, 1787, by dis- 
pensation from H.R.H. The Duke of Cumberland, then Grand 
Master, His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales (after- 
wards George IV.) being one of the founders. A Warrant 
was subsequently granted, dated the 20th of August, 1787. 
Membership was at first restricted to those who were either 
in the service of His Royal Highness, or " firmly attached 
to his person and interests." 

The original plan seems to have been carried out most 
strictly, even to the extent of making Masons of the house- 
hold servants of the Prince, four of whom were initiated and 



The Prince of Wales' 's Lodge. 131 

passed at the first meeting, many others being afterwards 
made, although they were not received as members of the 
lodge. Dunckerley was elected a member February 18th, 
1787, in company with one of his friends, Joshua Jones 
Pritchard, an attorney, whom he had initiated in the 
London Lodge in 1775. These two signalized their advent 
by treating the members to " A Lecture in the First degree 
of Masonry " on the same evening ; beyond this, Duncker- 
ley's name seldom appears in the records. He was not in 
robust health, and resided chiefly in the country, and as the 
lodge was generally in good hands, there was no occasion for 
his taking an active part in its affairs. 

Several of the most distinguished Masons of the day were 
warm supporters of the lodge, among whom may be men- 
tioned the Chevalier Ruspini, Dentist to the Prince of 
Wales. He was the principal founder and many years 
Treasurer of the Royal Masonic Institution for Girls. 

The first Secretary was the Rev. William Peters, LL.B., 
more celebrated as an artist than as a preacher. He was a 
Royal Academician, and his name should ever be held in 
affectionate remembrance by the members of the Grand 
Lodge of England, by reason of his having painted the first 
four portraits that adorned their Hall in Great Queen Street, 
viz., Lord Petre, the Dukes of Manchester and Cumberland, 
and H.R.H. George Prince of Wales. The two former he 
presented, and for the two latter he consented to accept a 
comparatively small sum, at the earnest request of the Hall 
Committee. In 1785, on the recommendation of the Duke 
of Manchester, Past Grand Master, he received the appoint- 
ment of Grand Portrait Painter, he being the only person 
ever appointed to that office. 

His first list of members of the Prince of Wales's Lodge, 
returned to the Grand Secretary, is in his own handwriting 
and is dated 10th of May 1788. It is complete to the 
smallest detail, giving the name, age, profession, &c., of 

K 2 



132 Thomas Dunckerley. 

every member, together with a characteristic note applicable 
to each individual in the " Remarks " column. 

For instance, Francis Broderip, 37, musical instrument 
maker, Haymarket, is " a good jolly fellow." 

William Dickinson, 34, engraver, Bond Street, " a well- 
looking dark man." 

John Hickey, 30, sculptor, Brooke Street, " a very 
genteel young man." 

George Saunders, 26, carpenter, Oxford Road, " a smart 
dapper lad." 

Henry Holland, 36, architect, Hertford Street, " a 
comely man." 

Thos. Ogle, 40, Surgeon to the Prince of Wales, " very 
well not too tall." 

Thos. Hammersley, 41, banker, Pall Mall, " much the 
gentleman, but go not near him with forged drafts." 

Wm. Addington, 50, Justice of the Peace, Clarges 
Street, " visit him not in Bow-Street."* 

Arthur Robinson, 45, gentleman, Pall Mall, is merely 
" very well." 

Thos. Dunckerley, 63, gentleman, Hampton Court, 
" something royal about him." 

J. J. Prichard, 40, attorney-at-law, Doctors' Commons, 
" Beware of the Law." 

Probably by an oversight on the part of the clerk who 
entered the names, these quaint remarks are all omitted 
from the Grand Lodge Register. 

As Dunckerley was not identified with the history 
of this lodge, I shall conclude my brief notice of it by 
stating that ever since its formation it has occupied a most 
distinguished position in the craft, having been presided 
over by 

H.R.H. George Prince of Wales, from 1787 to 1820. 

* Many years Chief Magistrate at Bow Street. H.S. 



The Prince of Wales's Lodge. 



133 



H.R.H. The Duke of York, 1820 to 1827. 

H.R.H. The Duke of Clarence, 1827 to 1830. 

H.RH. The Duke of Sussex, 1830 to 1843. 

H.R.H. Albert Edward Prince of Wales (ourM. W.G.M.), 
from 1874 to the present time. 

Among the members enrolled at different periods of its 
career may be found many whose names are recorded in the 
pages of history, while a glance at our charity lists will 
suffice to show that the lodge has not been unmindful ot 
the grand principles of our Order. 




MASONIC EMBLEM PRINTED ON DUNCKERLEY'S LETTER- 
PAPER. 




MEMORIALS OF FREEMASONRY IN HANTS 
AND THE ISLE OF WIGHT. 

HAMPSHIRE was the first Province placed under 
Dunckerley's care, and he was its first Provincial 
Grand Master. His Patent, or Warrant of ap- 
pointment, was dated the 28th of February 1767. From 
the fact of his having delivered and published a lecture on 
Masonry about three years after his initiation, we may fairly 
assume that he had evinced a warm interest in the Craft 
from the moment of his becoming a member of it. 

It is probable that when not on active service his leisure 
hours were chiefly devoted to Masonry ; and judging from 
his subsequent conduct, he is not likely to have neglected 
any opportunity for urging upon the brethren the claims of 
the " General Charity." 

In 1758, the only lodge in Hampshire on the " Modern" 
list was the old lodge in which Dunckerley was initiated, 
but by the end of 1764, ten new lodges, including the 
two on board Dunckerley's ships, had been constituted in 
Portsmouth and its vicinity. 

At this time the fee for a Constitution or Warrant was 
only two guineas ; other payments to the Fund of Charity 
being practically optional. During the period mentioned, a 
total of 36. 15s. was received by the Grand Treasurer from 
the lodges in Hampshire a very handsome amount in those 
days from so few lodges a large proportion of which I have 
no doubt was paid in by Dunckerley himself, either in the 
shape of Constitution fees or in donations to the Charity 
given at his instigation. Being well known to several of 
the Grand Officers, he was probably looked upon by them 
as the leading Mason in Hampshire long before he was 



Freemasonry in Hants and the Isle of Wight. 135 

formally appointed to the office of Provincial Grand Master. 
This seems a reasonable explanation of the unusual appoint- 
ment of a retired warrant-officer to so distinguished a 
position. 

Many of these newly-created lodges had but a brief ex- 
istence, and although we have no evidence that Dunckerley 
was connected with them, it is not unlikely that his 
masonic enthusiasm and constant endeavours to increase the 
Fund of Charity had some relation to their being constituted. 

However that may be, he evidently lost no time in getting 
to work after he was appointed, for at a meeting of the 
Grand Lodge on the 27th of January, 1768 ; " Bro. 
Dunckerley, P.G.M. for Hampshire, reported that the 
Bear Lodge at Havant had, in open contempt, disobeyed 
his Order?, he therefore desired that for such their dis- 
obedience they be crazed out of the List of Lodges, which 
passed in the affirmative."* 

At this meeting Dunckerley sat as Senior Grand 
Warden. 

Probably the first lodge constituted by Dunckerley as 
Provincial Grand Master was No. 405, at the " New Inn, 
Christ Church, Hants ;" the Warrant being dated 23rd of 
November, 1770. On this day a Quarterly Communication 
*vas held in London, Dunckerley being present at the meet- 
ing. This lodge is still flourishing under the name of the 
Lodge of Hengist, No. 195, held at Bournemouth. Un- 
fortunately, its earliest records are lost, but in this respect it 
is much more happily situated than many other lodges of 
the same period, only one minute book containing about four 
years of its proceedings, being missing. From a very read- 
able and concise history of the lodge compiled by the Rev. 
P. H. Newnham during his Mastership (1870) we learn that 
the earliest minute book then at his command, begins in 



* Grand Lodge Minutes. II. S. 



136 Thomas Dunckerley. 

November, 1774, and that it contains a statement that the 
lodge met for the first time, and was formally constituted, on 
the 26th of November, 1770. The officers named in the 
Warrant are Henry Dagge (Master) ; Edmund Perkins 
(Sen. Warden) ; and Thomas Jeans (Jun. Warden). 

The first named appears to have been a person of con- 
siderable repute, and a Mason after Dunckerley 's own heart. 
He served the office of Grand Steward in 1770-1, J.G.W. 
in 1774-5 (in which capacity he assisted in laying the foun- 
dation stone of Freemasons' Hall), and S.G.W. in 1778-9. 
He was one of the original subscribers (of 50) to the Free- 
masons' Tontine in 1775, and was also one of eleven eminent 
Masons nominated as Trustees on behalf of the other sub- 
scribers. With equal readiness he contributed 25 to the 
" Hall Loan " in 1779. For several years he filled the office 
of Deputy Provincial Grand Master of Hampshire, but was 
virtually the head of the Province, his Chief, Lord Charles 
Montagu being frequently abroad. 

Edmund Perkins, Esq., the first Senior Warden, was, 
probably, a local magnate. According to the Grand Lodge 
Register he was made a Mason on the 26th of November, 1770, 
so that he must have been initiated at the first meeting of 
the lodge ; a not uncommon practice in those days. Thomas 
Jeans, the first Junior Warden appears to have been the 
mainstay of the lodge during the first half century of its 
existence. For at least fifteen years he served the office of 
Master; his last appearance in that capacity being in 1810. In 
concluding my brief notice of him I cannot do better than to 
quote the words of the Historian of the lodge ; who says, " The 
Lodge was resuscitated from its torpor on May 23rd, 1822 ; on 
which day there was held a meeting of four Brethren, pre- 
sided over by the venerable patriarch Thomas Jeans ; fifty- 
two years after his name had been prefixed to the W arrant 
of the Lodge for which he had worked so well. All honour 
to the grey-headed veteran who had gallantly fought the 



Freemasonry in Hants and the Isle of Wight. 137 

Battle of Masonry for half a Century ; who had twice saved 
a dying Lodge from extinction, and who seems to have died 
at his post ; for his name henceforward disappears from the 
Lodge Records," His son (Thomas Jeans, junior), was 
initiated in the lodge on the 13th of August, 1771 ; he is 
described as a Clerk, and against his name is written 
" abroad," denoting that when the list of members was 
returned to Grand Lodge he was out of the country. 
The absence of the prefix " Reverend " would seem to imply 
that he was not a clergyman but an office clerk, and if so 
he was probably 

" Seeking the bubble Reputation even in the Cannon's mouth." 

Judging from this list, which contains fifty-five names, 
and is supposed to include all who had joined or been 
initiated down to the year 1776, the lodge did a fair amount 
of good work at the outset of its career. In a subsequent 
list appears the name of Alexander Mouat, Lieutenant in 
the Navy. This brother was a midshipman with Captain 
Cook during his voyages of discovery, and died from fever 
while in command of the Rattlesnake sloop, in the "West 
Indies in 1793. He was a nephew of Lieutenant Mouat of the 
Canceaux previously mentioned.* 

By the favour of an esteemed Past Master of the Lodge 
(Bro. J. B. Atkinson), who kindly undertook the task of 
searching the records for references to Dunckerley I am 
enabled to present the following extracts which may be 
found useful to a future historian of Hampshire Masonry. 

29th of May, 1776. "This Night the Lodge was 
Honoured with our Brother Rt. Worshipfull Provincial 
Grand Master, Thomas Dunkerley, Esq., who took the 
Chair and opened a Grand Lodge, when the Honble. Ld. 
Charles Montague was Install'd Provincial Grand Master for 
the County of Hants, our Rt. Worshipfull Brother Dunkerley, 

* See page 71, ante. 



138 Tliomas Dunckerley. 

having resigned. At the same time Brother Ld. Charles 
Montague appointed and Installed Bro. Henry Dagge, Esq., 
Deputy Grand Master for the County of Hants, who ap- 
pointed William Mitchell, Charles Branden, John Rickman, 
& Edmund Bott, Esq., P. Grand Stewards of this Lodge, 
who are to wear red aprons, Brother James Telman 
P. Gd. Senr. Warden and Joseph Jar vis Clerke, Esq., 
Grand P. Junr. Warden, who are to wear Blue aprons; and 
John Oake P. Gd. Secy., who is to wear a Blue apron." * 

The whole of the brethren named were members of the 
lodge. 

26th of Dec., 1778. " This day the Lodge was Honour'd 
with Bro. Dunkerley, Bro. Sadler, and Brother Staronood. 

22nd of June, 1780. " This Lodge convened by order of 
the Rt. W.M. on account of a Letter Rec'd from Poole 
Lodge desiring the attendance of the Brethren there on June 
24th to Provincial Grand Lodge held by Bro. Dunkerley." 

No further reference to Dunckerley occurs in the Minutes 
of this lodge. The following letters may probably be of 
some little interest : 
" To the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of 

England in Quarterly Communication Assembled. 
" Right Worshipful and Brethren, 

" Ever since I had the honour of being appointed 
Provincial Grand Master for Hampshire, nothing has 
been wanting in my power to Excite the Lodges in that 

* At this period the Masters and Wardens of private lodges had 
plain white aprons, and wore their jewels suspended from white ribbons, 
the Grand Officers and Provincial Grand Officers only being allowed to 
have their aprons lined with blue silk, with a narrow edging or border 
of the same material. From the fact of these colours being so par- 
ticularly mentioned in the records of Dunckcrlcy's Provincial meetings, 
I think it not unlikely that he was instrumental in extending the privilege 
of wearing them to Provincial Grand Officers generally; this privilege 
being first mentioned in the Book of Constitutions published in 17G7. 
H.S. 



Freemasonry in Hants and the Isle of Wight. 139 

County to contribute as much as they conveniently could 
spare to the Grand Charity; and I have, as I thought it 
my Duty, constantly Exhorted them to comply with the 
Laws and Regulations of the Grand Lodge ; and to transmit 
to me, previous to each Quarterly Communication, a list of 
their Members, particularly of such as had been lately made 
Masons. I am sorry to acquaint you that the Lodge held at 
the Nagg's head Lymington, in Hampshire, has paid no 
regard to any of my letters for two years past. I found 
myself under the Disagreeable necessity of acquainting them 
(last March) that if they did not Transmit to me a List of 
their Members, I would certainly have their Lodge struck 
off the List. They made no answer to my letter : bat sent 
a Guinea to Bro. Heseltine for the Grand Charity, and ac- 
quainted him that they had received an Impertinent Letter 
from me. 

" The Deputy Grand Master advised me to propose the 
erazement of their Lodge at that time, but I have forbore 
the application near Eight months longer. But as the 
aforesaid Lodge still remains in contempt of me ; I am to 
request of the Grand Lodge to support my Authority, by 
giving direction for the aforesaid Lodge to be struck off 
from the List of Lodges for not complying with the Directions 
and Instructions of their Provincial Grand Master, and that 
all Lodges may have notice of the same, by a copy of the 
Order being printed with the Account of the several Con- 
tributions to the Grand Charity this Evening. 

"lam prevented by a severe Cold, the pleasure of waiting 
on the Grand Lodge ; to whom I beg leave to subscribe 

mvself. 

" Your Most faithful & Affect 6 - Brother, 

"Tnos. DUNCKEKLEY, P.G.M. for II. 
" Somerset House, 

"Nov. 29, 1771." 

The foregoing letter was read by the Grand Secretary 



140 Thomas Dunckerley. 

in Grand Lodge the day on which it is dated, when it was 
ordered : 

" That the Lodge at the Nag's Head, Lymington be 
wrote to by the G.S. and acquainted with Bro. Dunckerley 's 
complaint, and that the Members be directed to prepare 
their answer to such complaint, or to settle the matter 
with Bro. Dunckerley by or before the next Q.C."* 
Judging from the Grand Lodge Register this Lodge was 
then at rather a low ebb, but the letter sent by the Grand 
Secretary had the desired effect, for at the next meeting 
Dunckerley paid a Guinea on behalf of the Lodge. We 
may therefore fairly assume that the affair had been amic- 
ably settled, but the lodge was evidently out of place at 
Lymington and in 1777 it removed to Ringwood, where at 
first it does not seem to have done much better, for after 
the amount last mentioned, no further payment appears to 
have been made until 1779. On April the 12th, 1780, it was 
one of eighteen lodges ordered to be erased for not having 
conformed to the Laws of the Society. It must have been, 
however, immediately reinstated, as later in the year it is 
credited with a Guinea to the Charity, since which period 
its affairs appear to have been conducted with commendable 
regularity. It is now, The Lodge of Unity No. 132 meeting 
at the While Hart, Ringwood, and enjoys the very uncommon 
distinction of having been held under the same roof for 
considerably over a hundred years. 

"Hampton Court Palace, 

"April 13th, 1776. 
" Dear Sir, 

" Your Favour of the 21st Ult, I received in due 
Course ; but the violent pains which my Daughter suffered 
& the Salt water being advised, I took her to Southampton, 
where I had also an Opportunity of Constituting the Lodge 

* Quarterly Communication. 



Freemasonry in Hanfs and the Isle of Wight. 141 

in Person. During my absence the enclosed Petition in 
favour of Bro. Gilchrist, came to Hampton Court, therefore 
it was not possible it could be transmitted to you till my 
return. 

" This poor old Man was senior Warden in a Portsmouth 
Lodge 22 Years ago when I was made a Mason ; therefore 
I hope, in consideration that his Petition would have been 
with you in due Time if I had not been absent on Masonic 
Business, you will be able to bring it on next Friday ; when 
I will attend and speak to it if you will favour me with a 
line by return of Post. I raised Lord Charles Montague to 
the Third Degree and His Lordship did me the honour 
(When a master Mason), to accept tbe Office of Deputy 
Provincial for Hampshire. Capt. Robinson was present and 
resign'd witli great Pleasure on the occasion. 

"I have not had a line from Bro. Frederick in return to 
mine which I sent to him on the Receipt of your last fav r - 
"I am, Dear Sir, 

" Your much Obliged & affectionate Brother, 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 

" Mr. Heseltine." 

The Lodge referred to at the beginning of this letter, 
was the Lodge of Concord No. 494, Constituted at the Star 
Inn, Southampton, July the 1st, 1775. It appears to have 
been a very respectable and fairly prosperous lodge for about 
twenty-five years ; but after Dunckerley's death it declined 
and was erased from the list in 1813. In January, 1792, 
Thomas Jeans, M.D., joined the lodge ; probably the same 
brother who did such good service in the Lodge of Hengist. 

" Hampton Court Palace, Feb. 5th, 1786. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I am much disappointed at not hearing from you 
in return to mine of the 31st of last month, & am uneasy 
lest the Draught (which I enclosed to you at that time) of 



142 Thomas Dunckerley. 

25 as a loan to the Hall from the Lodge of Liberty and 
Sincerity at Bridgwater should not have got safe to hand. 
I eend you a letter, which I have this moment received 
from Portsmouth. I struck their Lodge off the list several 
years ago, because they were on the decline & had ceased 
to meet regularly. Palmer is one of the first Antient Masons 
in England ; but it would be better to have him again under 
our Constitution, than to let Dermot get hold of him, under 
whose Sanction he held a Lodge 25 years ago ; then came 
under our Constitution. Write to him and put him in the 
way to obtain the Constitution 

"I beg to have a line from you to-morrow in return, that 
I may have Bro. Lewis' Account with you, & may know what 
was done at the Committee of Charity relative to the Peti- 
tioners from Bristol. 

"Your Affect. Brother, &c., 

" THO S - DUNCKERLEY. 
" William White, Esq." 

The foregoing shows the estimation in which Dunckerley 
was held by the brethren at Portsmouth although he was 
not then P.G. Master. His advice to the Grand Secretary 
resulted in the granting of a Warrant for the Phoonix 
Lodge No. 485 (now 257) of which Lodge Samuel Palmer 
was the first Master. He was formerly a member of No. 
68 (" Ancients ") constituted in 1758 which perished in its 
infancy, wo names being returned to Grand Lodge after 1761. 
In 1780 he joined the Lodge of Antiquity No. 18. 
" Dermott " was at this time Deputy Grand Master of 
the rival Grand Lodge. 

"Southton., Aug st - 3rd, 1786. 

" Lodge of Concord. 
" Sir, 

" It is requested of the R.W.M. & Brethren of the 
Lodge of Concord held in this Town, that Thos. Dunckerley, 



Freemasonry in Hants and the Isle of Wight. 143 

Esq., be appointed Provincial Grand Master for this County 
in the Room of Capt. Pascal deceased ; which request I was 
desired to transmit to you some time back, but being busy 
it escaped my memory ; you will therefore much oblige this 
Society by communicating the Contents of this to the Grand 
Lodge & (if agreeable to the Members thereof) to forward 
Business as fast as possible. 

" I am with due regard & Esteem, 

" Sir your faithful Servant, 

"JOHN MARTIN, 

" Secretary. 
" Wm. White, Esq." 

Several other letters to the above purport were received 
by the Grand Secretary from the Hampshire Lodges ; the 
result being that Dunckerley was for the second time 
appointed Provincial Grand Master for that county. 

" Dear Sir, 

"I beg you will present my grateful acknowledg- 
ment to Lord Effingham for the honour he has done me by 
the appointment for Hampshire in compliance with the 
request of my Brethren in that County. 

" I am greatly oblig'd to you for your attention to my 
request in making out the Patent & therefore wish it to be 
thus ' Do hereby constitute & appoint him the said T. D. 
Provincial Grand Master of and for the Counties of Dorset, 
Essex, Gloucester, Somerset and Southampton ; together 
with the City and County of Bristol ; and the Isle of Wight ; 
with full power, &c., &c.' 

" This will be very pleasing to the Brethren at Bristol 
and the Isle of Wight ; and it will enable me to appoint a 
greater number of blue red Aprons ; which I find of great 
advantage to the Society, as it attracts the notice of the 
principal Gentlemen in the several Counties, who seem 
ambitious to attend me at my Prov. Grand Lodges. 



144 Thomas >unckerley. 

" I go on Saturday into Essex ; & am to hold a Grand 
Lodge at Colchester the 13th of next month. 

" Your affect. & faithful Brother, 

"THOS. DUNCKERLEY." 

This letter bears no date but it was received hy the 
Grand Secretary in August, 1786, so that Dunckerley's 
re-appointment must have been made in that month. 

" Hampton Court Palace, Nov er - 3 rd ' 1786. 
" My dear Friend & Brother, 

" I believe you will be of my opinion that (to avoid 
Accidents) all Draughts should be tendered for payment as 
soon as possible, which is the reason of my troubling you 
with the enclosed (which Bro r - Meyler sent to me) before I 
transmit the state of the Lodges, when I hope to send (at 
least) sixty Pounds on Account to Brother Heseltine for the 
Charity & Hall Funds, but fear some of the Lodges will 
defer it till the last day. Four Lodges in Hampshire, & 
one in the Isle of Wight have not yet sent in their lists, & I 
am in daily expectation of remittances from Bristol. This 
Post has brought me the List of the Southampton Lodge ; 
& I am ashamed to say there are four Registers due ; Viz., 
Sept. 4 th & Nov. 3 rd - 1782 ; & April 25 th & July 4 th - 
1783. They have sent me no money, & plead Poverty. I 
shall write and threaten them with annihilation if they do 
not send to y e Charity & pay the Fees. 

"Let me know per return that the Draught gets safe to 
hand & believe me, 

" Yours Affectionately, 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 

" William White, Esq." 

The foregoing needs no comment ; it is printed merely 
as evidence of the earnest zeal by which the writer was 
always actuated in furthering the interests of the Society. 



Freemasonry in Hants and the Isle of Wight. 145 

" Dear Brother, 

" I was favoured with yours in due course ; I have 
this day drawn on you for 5 in favour of Bro. Raggit & 
taken his receipt Please to insert in the next Calendar 
No. 18, Lodge of Antiquity, Three Tuns, Portsmouth. 

" The Brethren of this place unite with me in a hearty 
Greeting with their request that you will get the account of 
this day's proceedings (on the other side) publish'd in a 
London Paper I doubt not that my name as Subscriber & 
Contributor to the Hall will appear in its proper place. 
" Excuse brevity, & believe me, 

" Y r faithful & affect. Brother, 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY 

" 21 August, 1788, 

" William White, Esq." 

Dunckerley 's mother Lodge had not hitherto been dis- 
tinguished by a name, but was only known by its number 
and the sign of the tavern at which it was held. It is not 
unlikely that the name was suggested by Dunckerley him- 
self, as was probably the case with the Phoenix Lodge, which 
was founded by brethren who had been members of lodges 
that had become defunct. The following is the account of 
the proceedings referred to : 

" Portsmouth, August 21st, 1788. 
" This being the birth-day of His Royal Highness Prince 
William Henry ; the Most Antient & Honourable Society of 
Free and Accepted Masons assembled at the George Tavern 
in this Town, by Summons from Thos. Dunckerley, Esq., 
Provincial Grand Master for Hampshire, &c. A Lodge 
was open'd in honour of the day : and after Dinner the Pro- 
vincial Grand Master gave the following Toasts : The King 
& the Society the Queen the Duke of Cumberland Grand 
Master of England the Prince of Wales the Duke of 
York & the Army Prince William Henry, & the Wooden 



146 Thomas Dunckerley. 

Walls of Old England : with a hearty wish that His Royal 
Highness may live to be an Ornament to the Navy, & a Terror 
to the Enemies of Great Britain the Duke of Gloucester & 
the Royal Family the Duke of Beaufort; Lord Effingham, 
Sir Peter Parker, Sir Edmund Affleck, &c. The Bells were 
rung & the Standard Display'd on the Church Tower. The 
Meeting was numerous & very respectable : the day was 
pass'd with that regular & harmonious Hilarity, peculiar to 
the Royal Craft, it was ' the Feast of Reason and the Flow 
of Soid.'" 

"Hampton Court Palace, Sept. 5th, 1791. 
" My Dear Sir, 

" I have received your favour of the 3rd Instant, with 
admonitory Letters for the Lodges, Numbers 33, 205, 314, 
& 500. I must beg leave to remark, that it is not two years 
since No. 33 sent 1. Is. Od. to the Charity ; and it is not 
seven months since No. 205 sent 1. Is. Od. to the same Fund, 
according to the Printed accounts for Nov. 1789 & February, 
1791 No. 314 has not contributed for three years past, 
but No. 500 sent five shillings to the Hall, last November 
being their Arrear to the Hall Fund, that Lodge has been 
reduced by Naval Armaments, and I believe there are only 
the Master and Wardens remaining at this time, but it 
is probable they may increase. However, I have sent Your 
Letters to Cowes, Christchurch, and Gosport; but cannot 
(with propriety) send that which you have addressed to the 
Lodge at Harwich. 

" I beg that you will present my best respects to Mrs. 
White, and that you will believe me, Dear Sir, 

" Your Much Obliged Bro. & Servant, 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 
"William White, Esq." 

No. 33 is now the Medina Lodge, Cowes. No. 205 
was the St. Nicholas Lodge, Harwich, erased in 1795. No. 



Freemasonry in Hants and the Ink of Wight. 147 

314 is now the Lodge of Hengist, Bournemouth ; and No. 
500 was the Royal Navy Lodge, Gosport ; erased in 1794. 

It will be observed that when occasion required, 
Dunckerley could defend his lodges as well as threaten them. 
" with annihilation." 

" Salisbury, August 8th, 1792. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I left Hampton Court y e 22nd ult- from whence 
your packet (with Doctor Spry's high flown Composition) 
was forwarded to me in Hampshire. 

" At the request of the Corporation of Southampton I 
laid the first Stone of All Saint's Church in that Town last 
Friday, for which purpose I had summoned the Lodges of 
the County to attend. 

" I have the pleasure to acquaint you that a Lodge of 
Antient Masons of Southampton, near 60 in number, re- 
quested to join y e Procession which I refused, unless they 
would come under the authority of our Grand Lodge. In 
two hours time I received their Petition for a Constitution, 
and immediately granted them a dispensation. I shall (with 
God's permission), hold a Grand Lodge at Shaftesbury, for 
the County of Dorset, in honour of the Birth Day of our 
Royal Grand Master. On the 16th I am to celebrate the 
Birth Day of the Duke of York in the City of Bristol ; and I 
have desired the Lodges in Somersetshire to meet me at 
Wells on the 21st in honour of the Duke of Clarence. In 
the course of 26 years I have worn out 3 setts of Collars I 
think (entre nous) the Grand Lodge can afford (from the 
Money I shall receive this summer) to present me with a new 
sett ; which at all events, I must have next Monday tho' it 
should be at my own expense I am therefore to request 
that you will send addressed for me, to the care of the 
R.W. Master of the Lodge at the Red Lion, Shaftesbury 
Eight Collars ready made by the Mail Coach next Saturday 
Evening. 

i, 2 



148 Thomas Dunclcerley. 

" I am to desire that Warrants may be Engross'd for : 

" The Lodge of Love and Honour to be holden at the 
Bell Inn, Shepton Mallet, County of Somerset Bros. Samuel 
Norman, Master ; Richard Collier, Senr. Warden ; Thos. 
Hyatt, Junr. Warden. 

" Dispensation dated June 4th, 1792. 

" Royal Gloucester Lodge, East Street, Southampton, 
William Graves, Master ; Wm. Baker, Senr. Warden ; 
Wm. Clark, Junr. Warden. 

" Dispensation dated August 5th, 1792. 

" Let the first be sent to me at Wells the other to be 
address'd to me at Southampton, to which place I shall 
return from Wells. Sincere regard to Bro. Heseltine & 
all Friends, from your Affect. Bro. &c. 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 

"Wm. White, Esq." 

The " Lodge of Antient Masons," here referred to, was 
No. 174 of the " Ancients," and was constituted by that 
body on the 22nd of April, 1772, Its capture could not 
have been other than highly gratifying to Dunckerley, who, 
as far back as 1777, had endeavoured to wean it from its 
allegiance. We must, therefore, make due allowance for 
some little jubilation on his part, and not imagine that on 
this occasion he was endowed with the faculty of seeing 
treble, or even double, especially as the Procession took 
place before dinner. Truth, however, compels me to notice 
that his estimate of the strength of his prize is not sub- 
stantiated by its own records, for at an Emergency meeting 
held on the same day August the 2nd, 1792, "To consider 
the propriety of accepting an offer from Bro. Dunckerley of 
giving us a dispensation to hold a lodge under the disration 
(sic) of his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, and on 
ballotting for the purpose, there appeared, for it eleven ; 
against it four." At a subsequent meeting on the 10th of 
August attended by twelve brethren, a majority of whom 



Freemasonry in Hants and the Isle of Wight. 149 

had agreed to " Petition Br. Dunckerley for a Warrant of 
Constitution, which request he was pleased to comply with, 
and the sum of 5. 15s. was paid into his hands for that 
purpose." 

The Warrant having been granted (No. 503), the Lodge 
was duly Constituted by Dunckerley himself, he holding 
a Provincial Grand Lodge for that purpose on the 17th of 
September, the transaction being thus recorded in the 
minute book. 

"Br. Thos, Dunckerley then read the Warrant of 
Constitution & the Lodge was accordingly constituted under 
the name of the Royal Gloucester Lodge under the sanction 
of H.R.H. the Prince of Wales. After which the necessary 
Charges & regulations were read by order of the Prov. G.M. 
from the book of Constitutions. 

"Br. Dunckerley was then pleased to appoint Br. T. 
Lansdown, Tyler of this Lodge to be Grand Tyler for this 
County ; likewise Br. Wm. Graves, Br. Wm. Baker, & 
Br. Wm. Clark, Grand Stewards for the County. 

" Br. Dunckerley then proposed himself & Br. Grierson 
to become members of this lodge which was seconded by 
Br. Macklin," Br. Grierson was balloted for and elected at 
the next meeting (Sept. 26th), but Dunckerley's name is not 
mentioned ; the ballot probably being dispensed with in 
his case. 

On the 10th of October several new members were 
proposed by Dunckerley who, together with Br. Grierson, 
was then " entererd " a member. He was evidently deter- 
mined to make sure of his new acquisition for he frequently 
attended the meetings of the lodge and doubtless assisted in 
the ceremonies. On the 28th of November he appointed 
" Br. Macklin a Grand Steward for the County," and on the 
13th of February, 1793, he promoted him to the office of 
Prov. Grand Secretary, and appointed Br. Dusautoy, Provin- 
cial Grand Steward. No further mention of Dunckerley is 



150 Thomas Dunckerley. 

made in the minutes of the lodge ; he was then in his 69th 
year, and doubtless found his Masonic duties press more 
heavily than had hitherto been the case. 

It is not unlikely that without his aid the brethren found 
it somewhat difficult to work the lodge in accordance with 
the " Modern " usages and therefore determined to return to 
their old love. On the 24th of June, 1794, it \vas " Agreed 
to hold a Lodge under the Antient Constitution, the transac- 
tions therefore of this Lodge shall be inserted in this book 
as before. 

" Agreed that the Grand Lodge dues for this Antient 
Society shall be paid out of the Royal Arch Chest."* 

For several years after this resolution was passed, the 
lodge acted on the principle of having two strings to its bow, 
by working under both Warrants, a proceeding which, if 
not without a parallel was certainly most unusual. Judging 
from the number of members returned to the two Grand 
Lodges the " Ancients " had the preference, but many of 
the names are to be found in the Registers of both Societies. 

After 1803, the " Moderns " appear to have been much 
neglected, no names being returned until 1810, when six 
were sent in, but with no information as to the date of 
making, age, residence, or profession ; they were, however, 
entered in the Register and a note appended to the foregoing 
purport. Five out of the six, had already been returned to 
the "Ancients" and their names, fees &c., duly entered in 
the Register of that Society. From this time all intercourse 
with the " Moderns " appears to have ceased, although both 
numbers were brought forward at the Union in 1813, 
when No. 374 became No. 212. At the closing up of the 
numbers in 1832, it became No. 152, and in 1863 it was 

*For the foregoing extracts from the Records of the Eoyal Gloucester 
Lodge and others of an equally interesting character which have been 
unavoidably omitted, I am indebted to the W. Bro. John E. Le Feuvre, 
P.G.D. and D.G.M. Hants and Isle of Wight. H, S. 



Freemasonry in Hants and the Isle of Wight. 151 

allotted the position on the Roll which it now occupies; viz., 
No. 130. No. 503 became No. 538 of the United Grand 
Lodge and was retained in the Register until 1822, when 
having evinced no sign of vitality during the preceding 
twelve years it was removed from the List, the authorities 
having probably arrived at the conclusion that it really had 
ceased to exist. 

CEREMONY OF LAYING THE FOUNDATION STONE OF 
ALL SAINT'S CHURCH, SOUTHAMPTON. 

From the records of the Medina Lodge, No. 35. 

" On the 3rd of August, 1792, in complyance with the 
request of Our Right Worshipful Provincial Grand Master, 
Thomas Dunckerley, Esquire ; made known by public 
Advertisment, the following Brethren now, and formerly 
belonging to this Lodge, in their proper Provincial 
Cloathing and Jewels, attended by the Tyler, joined the 
Provincial Grand Lodge of Concord, opened by Our said 
Provincial Grand Master at Southampton, and preceded by 
a Band of Musick and a number of Operative Masons, 
went in procession to the Audit House, where being 
graciously received by Sir Yelverton Peyton, Mayor, the 
Aldermen and Corporation and Clergy of the Town and 
Neighbourhood, an Oration in praise of Masonry was 
delivered by Brother Jeans and a suitable Ode sung. 

" The Worshipfull Mayor and Corporation, with all the 
Lodges assembled, then proceeded to Saint Hollyrood's 
Church where an excellent Sermon, applicable to the 
purpose of the meeting, was preached by Brother James 
Scot, and Sundry select pieces of sacred Musick, with the 
Coronation Anthem, performed by a Band of Fifty Vocal 
and Instrumental Performers ; after which the Procession 
proceeded to the Scite of the Church of All Saints, 
in order to lay the Foundation Stone of the New Church, 



152 Thomas Dunckerley. 

which was Masonickly done by Our Provincial Grand Master, 
in the presence of the Brethren, Mayor, Corporation, Clergy 
and many thousand Spectators assembled on this occasion, 
who decently testified their joy thereat. 

" Sundry Coins and Medals in a Box, also an Inscription 
Plate, together with the History of the Town of South'ton. 
engrossed on Parchment and inclosed in a Christial Vial, 
being deposited under the Foundation Stone at the South- 
West Corner. An Anthem purposely composed was then 
sung, as was Brittania Rule the "Waves ; Afterwards the 
Mayor and Corporation returned to the Audit House and 
the Brethren to the Grand Lodge, which was closed in due 
form. 

" The Medena Lodge being the oldest Lodge present, in 
conformity to a resolution of the Grand Lodge, took 
precedence of all other Lodges in the Procession of this 
day, the Lodge Concord excepted, in the Order following: 

Wm. Bennet, Tyler, Apron lined with Garter Blue. 
John Major and Geo. M. Ross (Stewards) with white Wands 
& Aprons lined with crimson. 

f Lancelot Foquet, Treasurer & Everhard 
Aprons lined Stock, Secretary. 

with j Robert Fabian, S. Warden & Isham 

Garter Chapman, J. Warden. 

Blue. Wm. Holloway, Dy. Prov'l. Grand 

L Master. P. Temp. 

All in White Gloves. 

" The Brethren to the number of One hundred and fifty, 
together with his Worship the Mayor and several of the 
Corporation, dined in perfect harmony at the Public Rooms, 
attended by a Band of Musick, 

" After dinner the Operative Masons to be employed in 
rebuilding the Church of All Saints, bearing their real 
working Tools, preceded by their Officers with their proper 
Attributes, entered the Room and received a suitable Charge 



Freemasonry in Hants and the Isle of Wight. 153 

respecting the Work they had undertaken ; and being 
refreshed and complimented, with great decorum, returned 
to their Habitations.* The Brethren and Gentlemen 
assembled, finished the day in the most social manner and 
parted early in the Evening, having previously obtained 
permission of Brothers Jeans and Scot to print their Excel- 
lent Oration and Sermon delivered at the Audit House 
and Saint Holyrood's Church." It is supposed that not 
less than Ten Thousand Persons were assembled on this 
laudable occasion. 

s. d. 
Paid Vessel Hire to & from South'ton ... 1 1 8 

Gloves and Ribbons 16 

House Bill at South'ton. 213 



4 10 8" 

AN ORATION 

PRONOUNCED AT THE AUDIT-HOUSE IN SOUTHAMPTON, 
AUGUST 3, 1792. 

ON OCCASION OF L.VYIXG THE CHIEF CORNER-STONE OF A BUILDING 

CONSECRATED TO THE WORSHIP OF GOD. 

[Inscribed to the Mayor and Corporation of Southampton, and to the 
R. \V. Provincial Grand Master, THOMAS DUNCKERLEY, Esq. and 
Brethren of the Society of Free and Accepted Masons, who 
associated in public Procession, were present when it was spokenf] 

I PRESENT myself before this very respectable audience in 
order to fulfil my duty as a Freemason of whom obedience 
is a strong characteristic, 

Obedient, therefore, to the commands which I have 

* Of course! And without making a single call on the way. U.S. 

f This oration, though it has been hitherto handed about anony- 
mously, we take the liberty of saying, was composed 1 y our worthy 
Brother Thomas Jeans, M.D.. of Southampton. 



154 Thomas Dunckerley. 

received, it is my intention to diffuse all explanatory light, 
not strictly forbidden, respecting this ancient and mysterious 
Society, that such of my hearers as are not Freemasons, and 
particularly those who form the chief delight of man in 
every civilized association, may have some idea of the origin 
from whence, and of the principles on which, we act. 

Freemasonry is a speculative science (if I may use the 
term) issuing from that important practical science Geometry ; 
the laws of which were observed in the creation, and still 
are manifest in the regulation of the world. 

And as the Grand Lodge of the universe, this stupendous 
globe, excels in magnificence of design and stability of foun- 
dation demonstrative of its Builder 30, contemplating this 
mighty scale of perfection and wonder, with a view to useful 
application, does our Society proceed conceiving the im- 
portance of order and harmony, and catching the spirib of 
beneficence, from what is observed of wisdom, regularity, and 
mercy, in the world of nature. 

Nature, indeed, surpasses art in the boldness, sublimity, 
and immensity of her works ; man can only contemplate, in 
awful amazement, her mightier operations ; but, in her 
lesser designs, the ingenuity of man advances, with admirable 
success, from study to imitation as is demonstrated in the 
wonderful variety and beauty of the works of art the 
imitative arts particularly, and chiefly in those of painting 
and sculpture. 

But of all the works of human art, Masonry is certainly 
the first, as most useful, and therefore approaching nearer in 
effect to the beneficent purposes of ProvidencD. Architec- 
ture has justly been deemed the favourite c/'ttld of civilization ; 
it is the science which hag ever discriminated by its progress 
refinement from rudeness : by its presence or absence savage 
from social life. In countries where operative Masonry never 
laid the line, nor spread the compass ; where Architecture 
never planned the dome, nor projected the column, all other 



Freemasonry in Hants and the Isle of Wight. 155 

evidences of elegant improvement are sought for in vain 
all is darkness and barbarism. 

If we trace our Order by the Science which gave it 
birth, without recurring to the creation, as has been done, 
or to the chief subject of creation, man ; we shall find it of 
great antiquity but, without contending for an higher 
origin, we refer it, with confidence, to the building of 
Solomon's Temple. 

The general history of this memoralle building is well 
known ; Consummate Wisdom delineated the plan, and the 
Craftsmen atchieved \_sic~] the design of the Great Architect 
of the Universe. Under this knowledge we cannot be sur- 
prised that Science and Morality went hand in hand : we 
are taught that the workmen were divided into clisset, under 
competent directors ; that the implements of operative 
Masonry were made symbols of moral duties ; and from the 
nature and interpretation of those symbols, handed by tradi- 
tion down to us, we learn that the purport of them was to 
form good men ; to inspire a love of fidelity, truth, and 
justice ; to promote friendship and social manners ; to asso- 
ciate men under the banners of voluntary orler and virtue. 

It is from this high origin that we derive our existence 
as a Society ; from this source we draw our line, our rule, 
and our compass: It is from hence that we adopt the 
Measure of Space, used as such by the operative Mason, and 
apply it to ourselves as a measure of tinr., giving us an 
orderly routine of duties. 

The Square, which enables the artist to form and fashion 
his work, teaches us symbolically to form and fashion our 
lives. It is an emblem of morality, and instructs us in that 
most important moral obligation, to do as we would be done 
unto to live upon the square with all mankind. 

The Level, used in art to make the building plain and 
even, morally teaches us the equality of our nature : it 
serves as a memorial that we are equally born to act our 



156 Thomas Dunckerley. 

parts on this great theatre of life ; that we are equally sub- 
ject to diseases to accidents to sorrows ; that we are equally 
under the care and protection of the Great Parent of all ; 
that we are equally doomed to die to be levelled with the 
earth to corrupt to be forgotten. Art and accident vary 
our chances and situations, but, taking life altogether, we 
shall find a more equal participation of good and evil than is 
commonly imagined. 

In the edifice of Freemasonry equality* is the great 
corner-stone without it we know that friendships are ill- 
cemented amongst men the high and the low the rich and 
the poor the proud and the humble cannot form an inti- 
mate bond of union of any considerable duration. Every 
Brother, therefore, at his initiation, enters the Lodge, not in 
splendour of dress nor pride of heart, but in a garb of 
humility, in a mind of lowliness ; and he finds, when 
admitted, that the laws of the Society have abolished, as far 
as order will permit, all adventitious distinctions. 

So, again, the Plumb-rule an instrument of art, by whose 
application the building is raised in a perpendicular direction, 
is another of our symbols. It is figurative of a fair and 
honourable plan of life wditypicatty cautions us against any 
deviation from an upright conduct in all our intercourses and 
transactions, whether private or public. 

The Compass is a mathematical instrument used to de- 
scribe circles : this we adopt as an emblem of prudence 
it symbolically instructs us to put moral restraints on our 
appetites! to circumscribe, within rational bounds, our 

* Not the modern egalitc of the French, which, in its direction, 
having rooted up all the decencies and charities of social life, has left 
us a deplorable picture of moral depravity and degradation. 

f Men are qualified for civil liberty in exact proportion to their dis- 
position to put moral chains upon their appetites in proportion as their 
love of justice is above their capacity. It is ordained in the eternal 
constitution of things that men of intemperate minds cannot be free 
their passions forge their fetters. BURKE. 



Freemasonry in Hants and the Isle of Wight. 157 

wants, our pleasures, our expences warning us that by an 
opposite course we shall endanger our quiet and our health, 
our reputation and our liberty. 

Freemasonry, therefore, we have seen, deals in hiero- 
glyphics symbols allegories and to be qualified to reveal 
their meaning, a man must know more than a mere nominal 
Mason : the full interpretation of them, like that of the mys- 
teries of old* is in select hands has been committed only to 
those of tried fidelity, who conceal it with suitable care : 
others, if not deficient in intellect, yet wanting industry or 
inclination to explore the penetralia of the Temple, are not 
qualified, if willing, to betray it. Hence the secrecy which 
has so long distinguished the Fratsrnity. This secrecy, 
however, has been urged against our institution as a crime ; 
but the wise know that secrecy, properly maintained, is one 
of the best securities of social happiness : there is more 
private misery arising from an unqualified communication 
of words and actions than from the anger of the Heavens. 

Other objections have been invented against our Society, 
but such as we do not condescend to combat deeming it 
altogether a waste of time to wage war with surmises, and 
trusting to our conduct to repel the coarser shafts of malice. 

From what has been said it appears that the doctrine of 
Freemasonry embraces all the natural, moral, and political 
obligations of Society. It directs us to fulfil our duty to our 

* The Eleusinian Mysteries, e.g.~ The initiation was into inferior and 
superior mysteries; the candidates were piepared, examined, and exhorted 
to cultivate a purity of mind and circumspect conduct. After waiting 
some time at the gate before admission, the Hierophant appeared, in- 
Vested with symbols of power. Proclamation was then made, " Far 
hence be the profane, the impious, and those whose souls are polluted 
With guilt." Skins of beasts killed in sacrifices were placed tinder the 
candidate's feet ; hymns sung ; thunder, lightning, and terrific scenes 
followed : these were symbolical, and explained by the Hierophant. 
Afterwards they were conducted to the sanctuary, and there were 
entrusted with secrets -not to be revealed. 



158 Thomas Dunckerley. 

GOD our KING our neighbours and ourselves ; it inculcates 
reverence, resignation, and gratitude to Him who made and 
preserves us Obedience and loyalty to him who in justice and 
clemency rules over us Courtesy and amity to our neighbour 
Equity and compassion to all mankind. It teaches us to pity 
and forgive our enemies, to love and reward our friends, to 
relieve the distressed, and cherish the neglected. 

Masonry is confined to no form of faith nor sect of 
religion ; and her charity, like her creed, is universal. So, 
too, as she rejects all bigotry in matters of faith, she 
nourishes no blind zeal on the subject of politics, nor affords 
any support to civil discord or popular commotion. Private 
benevolence, in its extensive operations, becomes patriotism 
which is, in fact, public benevolence ; from liberality of think- 
ing and acting towards individuals, it becomes propitious to 
general liberty but it is liberty void of licentiousness. 

The grand Principles of our Order are those of peace, 
and. patience, and good-will; they hold out no encouragement 
to faction no extenuation of private defamation and slander. 
As far as the welfare of the state depends, our wishes, as 
those of all good members of the community, are for its 
improvement, but under the guidance of order and wisdom. 
In the hands of the vulgar and the violent, attempts at 
national reforms lead to anarchy and confusion to every 
violation of property, liberty and. life: A momentous example 
of this truth engages at this time the notice of the world * 

" May no such storm 

Fall on this land, where ruin must reform." 

Under the auspices of Freemasonry, therefore, we are 
taught to improve the public tranquillity by following a life 
of virtue and obedience, and, in union with the wise and the 
good, to seek peace and enjoy it. 

" Freemasons' Magazine," 1794, vol. iii., page 9. 



* The Kevolutioa in France. H. S. 



Freemasonry in Hants and the Isle of Wight. 159 

THE MEDINA LODGE, No. 35. 

The above mentioned lodge first appears in the Engraved 
List of Lodges for 1734, with 17th February, 173f, as the 
date of its Constitution, implying that it was Warranted in 
what would now be deemed the year 1733. Some doubt, 
however, appears to have existed in the mind of the 
engraver, or on the part of the authorities, even at this 
early stage of its career, for in the 1740 list the year is 
altered to 1732, and so it continues through all the lists 
down to 1787, when 1731 is given as the year of its birth. 
This last change seems to have been satisfactory to all con- 
cerned for nearly a hundred years, but the question does not 
appear to be finally settled ; for in the Masonic Calendars 
from 1880 down to the last issue 1733 replaces 1731. 

The earliest minute-book of the lodge gives the date of 
its Constitution as " Saturday, the fourteenth day of 
February, 1732." John Lane, who has paid particular 
attention to this subject, having spared no efforts, in the 
compilation of Masonic Records, to ascertain the correct date 
of Constitution of the various lodges mentioned in his 
invaluable boak, assigns the 17th of February, 1733, to the 
Medina Lodge. The question is, Which is correct ? 

It would appear at first sight that the lodge records 
should be reliable, especially as they extend to the year 
1736, only three or four years after the lodge was consti- 
tuted. I confess, however, that I am somswhat sceptical on 
this point, and for these reasons. The volume referred to 
is not the original minute-book, but a transcript, very hand- 
somely engrossed some few years subsequent to the revival 
of the lodge. It commences with the by-laws headed as 
follows : 

" Orders, Rules, and Ordinances to be observed and kept 
by the Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons, held at the 
House of Brother Philip Huddy, known by the name of 



160 Thomas Dunckerle.y. 

the Theatre Tavern, in Mansell Street, in Goodman's Fields, 
Constituted on Saturday, the fourteenth day of February, 
1732." 

" Discontinued from the 24th June, 1734. Revived on 
Monday, Nov. 1st, 1736." 

The actual records begin with the minutes of a meeting 
held on the 8th of November, 1736 ; and from the absence 
of all reference to any previous transactions, I infer that the 
brethren who resuscitated the lodge were an entirely new 
set of men, who had no knowledge of the existence of pre- 
vious records, or they would probably have had them 
engrossed as well as their own transactions, and thus com- 
pleted the history of the lodge. 

The fee of two guineas for the constitution was paid 
between the 21st of November, 1732, and the 29th of 
May, 1733, no Grand Lodge being held in the interval. 
Moreover, the 14th of February, 1732, was not on a 
Saturday, but the 17th of February, 1733, was. I am 
inclined, therefore, to the opinion that the date last men- 
tioned is correct. 

At the risk of extending this volume beyond its pre- 
scribed limits I will venture to extract a few quaint items 
from the early records of this venerable lodge previous to 
touching upon that portion of its history which relates to 
Dunckerley's connection with it. 

14th of March, 1737. " Brother William Goudge this 
night made a present to this Lodge of a painted cloath repre- 
senting the severall forms of Masons' Lodges." This was 
probably the first substitute for the old custom of " drawing 
the lodge " on the floor with chalk, &c., and the forerunner 
of Tracing Boards. 

26th of December, 1737. " ftesolved by the Lodge that 
Br. Thomas Singleton do forthwith prepare us a sett of 
Mahogony Candlesticks of the Three Orders. To wit, the 
Dorick, lonick & y e Corinthian, the price of y e whole not to 
exceed nine pounds*" 



Freemasonry in Hants and the Isle of Wight. 1 61 

10th of July, 1738. " A motion was made by Bro. Cock 
For gloves for some Brethren and all our Sisters." 

8th of January, 1 739. " The Master informed the Lodge 
that he had rec'd a Letter from the Grand Master and Grand 
Wardens with a proposal inclosed for raising yearly 310, 
for y e carrying on and providing for 20 children of Masons, 
Binding 4 to Trades every year, &c." 

22nd of January, 1739. " This night y e Lodge took into 
their consideration, concerning the Letter rec'd from the 
Grand Master, and the Brethren whose names are hereunto 
subscribed are desirous to assist and encourage so laudable 
and good an undertaking." 

This was the first attempt to establish a school in con- 
nection with Freemasonry. The proposal was formally 
broughtbefore the Grand Lodge on the 31st of January, 1739, 
by a Br. John Brayman. " But after a long Debate, and 
several questions put, there being reason to apprehend that 
it would greatly affect the Fund of Charity already estab- 
lished, the same was rejected." 

12th of March, 1739. " Bro. Standerd made the Lodge 
a present of Table Jewells. 

" Bro. Carter on his marriage generously treated the 
Lodge to a Gallon of wine." 

1st of November, 1753. "Brother Seymour being Intoxi- 
cated with Liquor, Interrupted our R.W.M. Bro. Wooller, 
in the course of his Lectures in Masonry, therefore it was 
unanimously agreed that he should be fined one Bottle of 
Wine for such offence." 

18th of April, 1754. " Bro. Wright proposed that every 
Member or Visitor who brings a Dogg into this Lodge shall 
be fined in the sum of one shilling. A Ballot was demanded 
and carried by a majority that there should be no Dogg 
brought." 

The lodge continued to hold its meetings at various 
taverns in the East-end of London until early in the year 

M 



162 Thomas Dunckerley. 

1761, when it migrated to West Cowes, Isle of Wight. For 
several years after this removal it evidently had but a pre- 
carious existence. If meetings were held prior to 1767 no 
minutes were kept nor were any payments made to the 
Grand Lodge after the 5th of June, 1761, on which date it 
is credited with a guinea. 

Dunckerley paid 2. 2s. to the Grand Treasurer on 
behalf of the lodge early in 1767, the minutes commencing 
in September of the same year and continuing till August 
the 3rd, 1768. There is then a gap until March 19th, 1771, 
after which date the lodge appears to have ceiised meeting 
until 1779. 

On the 23rd of April, 1773, it was erased by Grand 
Lodge together with several other lodges, " not having con- 
tributed anything to the Fund of Charity for some years 
past." 

In 1779 the lodge appears to have been reinstated, but 
there is no reference to the transaction in the Grand Lodge 
Records. Hence, I conclude that Dunckerley himself was 
responsible for the resuscitation ; and this view is in a 
measure confirmed by the following extract from the 
minutes of the first meeting held after that event. 

29th of October, 1779. Lieut. Thomas Dunckerley, Esq., 
of the South Battalion of Hampshire Militia, P.P.G.M. for 
this County, having in the absence of the Right Honorable 
Lord Charles Montague, the present P.G.M. granted a Dis- 
pensation to Bros. Lancelot Foquett, Robert Dixon, William 
Holloway, James Davies, and George Maynard, for holding 
a lodge in this Town to make Masons, &c. A Lodge of the 
first degree was open'd accordingly, 2. 2s. voted to the 
General Charity and 2. 2s. to the Hall Fund." 

Resolved, " That the Grand Master be required to restore 
this Lodge to the former Number." 

Dunckerley presided over this meeting and attended 
several meetings held during the following month. 



Freemasonry in Hants and the Isle of Wight. 163 

20th of December, 1779. " Proposed and unanimously 
agreed that Gloves be presented to the Wife or Friend of 
every Member (as is customary on the like occasion) in con- 
sequence of the said Lodge being restored to its antient 
No. 39." 

Had the Medina Lodge remained longer in abeyance 
" its antient No. 39 " would have been lost to it beyond 
even Dunckerley's power of recovery, for the lodges were 
then in process of being re-numbered, and the vacancies in 
the list being filled up in conformity with a Resolution of 
Grand Lodge, passed on the 7th of April, 1779. Doubtless 
Dunckerley was aware of what was going on; hence his 
efforts to save the old lodge from extinction, for had its 
revival been delayed till the end of the year a new Warrant 
as well as a new number would have been indispensable. 

27th of April, 1787. " Three Letters from our R.W. 
P.G.M., Thomas Dunckerley, were read, one of which said 
Letters bearing date the 22nd of December last, acquainted 
our R.W. Master that Edward Rushworth, Esq., is ap- 
pointed Deputy Provincial Grand Master of the Isle of 
Wight, which is now a distinct Province, independent of 
the County of Southampton. Another of said Letters in- 
closed a Dispensation for holding a Lodge at Newport for 
6 months from 12th of February last. The third Letter, 
bearing date March 7th last, contained an appointment of 
Provincial Grand Officers for the present year, vizt., 
Lancelot Foquet, S.W., Wm. Holloway, J.W., Christ r - 
Ratsey, Treasurer, Wm. Civil, Sec y -, Joseph Starbridge, 
Sword Bearer, Wm. Bennett, Tyler (Aprons to be lined with 
Garter blue silk), John Major, T. H. Eggerking, and Alex r - 
Watson, Provincial Grand Stewards (Aprons to be lined 
with crimson silk)." 

This being the first appointment of Provincial Grand 
Officers for the Isle of Wight, it may possibly interest the 
present members of the Medina Lodge to know something 

M 2 



164 Thomas Dnncktrley. 

more of their Masonic ancestors. I will therefore give their 
profession and residence. 

Lancelot Foquet, Officer of Customs, East Cowes. 

Wm. Holloway, Do. do. 

Christ 11 - Ratsey, Grocer, West Cowes. 

Wm. Civil, Painter, Do. 

Joseph Starbridge, Watchmaker, West Cowes. 

Wm. Bennett, Shoemaker, Do. 

John Major, Ropemaker, East Cowes. 

T. H. Eggerking, Mariner, Norway. 

Alex r - Watson, Do. Scotland. 

At that time the " Medina " was the only lodge on the 
Island, and with the exception of the Dep. Prov. G.M., the 
Provincial Grand Officers were all members of it. 

The following letters are copied from a Letter-Book still 
carefully preserved in the archives of the lodge : 

" Cowes, 22nd Jan., 1787. 
" Medena Lodge, No. 33. 

" Right Worshipfull Provincial Grand Master, 

" Your much esteemed favour of the 22nd ulto. I 
received in course, and should have answered it sooner but 
that I had not till yesterday the pleasure of seeing the 
Gentleman you have been pleased to nominate your Deputy 
for the Isle of Wight. The Medena Lodge, give me leave 
to assure you, Sir, are much obliged to you for the favor 
done them in this appointment, as well as to Mr. Rushworth 
for the Honor he does them in accepting thereof. 

" Agreeable to your directions, inclosed I transmit you a 
list of our Lodge. From the 5th of July, 1780, to the 
present time I have had the Honor to preside as Master, 
and have annually remitted 1. Is. for the Charity, exclu- 
sive of Hall Fees, last year excepted (our Finnances then 
being low, was under the necessity of deferring it). Mr. 
Rushworth, the first time he has y e pleasure of seeing you, 



Freemasonry in Hants and the Isle of Wight. 165 

will deliver you 1. lls. Od. to be apply'd as follows : One 
Guinea to the Charity and 10s. to the Hall Fund for regis- 
tering the two last made Brothers, Eggerking and Watson, 
as by reference to the enclosed List will more fully be seen. 

" Mr. Rushworth having signified to me his wish that a 
meeting of the Masons of the Isle of Wight be held on next 
St. John's day to hear a Sermon at Newport Church (that 
being the most central part of the Island, where, of course, 
a greater number of Bretheren would assemble than at 
Cowes), and it being my opinion, also, that a thing of this 
kind would promote the good of Masonry by inclining the 
Bretheren of Newport, at some future time to solicit a Con- 
stitution for themselves, I shall beg leave to submit the 
following Queries : 

" Can we (with propriety) adjourn our Lodge on such 
an occasion to Newport, open it there, and go in procession 
to Church ? 

" May we at any time open our Lodge at Newport, at 
the request of Candidates desirous of becoming Masons, if it 
be more convenient at that place than at Cowes ? 

" Would not the adjourning or removing our Lodge to 
Newport for one or more days be deemed by the Grand 
Lodge an actual removal of the Lodge, there to remain, 
though our intentions are nothing more than to accommo- 
date the Bretheren in other parts of the Island untill such 
times as they may apply for a Constitution to hold a Lodge 
in Newport ? 

" If a Dispensation from you for the foregoing purpose 
should be necessary, we have to -beg the favor you will 
grant it us. As Master of this Lodge, I could wish to do 
everything to meet your approbation ; therefore take the 
liberty to crave your assistance, and as I should be at a loss 
how to regulate a procession to Church, shall be much 
obliged to you for a List of the Order in which we should 
proceed, or anything relative thereto you may think proper 



166 Thomas Dunckerley. 

to communicate. In the meantime, I remain, with the 
utmost Respect, 

" Right Worshipfull Provincial Grand Master, 

" Your faithfull & most obed't. Servant, 
" WM. HOLLOWAY, 

" Master of No. 33. 
" To Thos. Dunckerley, Esq., 

" Hampton Court Palace, 

" Middlesex." 

" Cowes, March 2nd, 1787. 
" Right Worshipfull P.G.M., 

" Your much esteemed Favor, inclosing a warrant of 
Dispensation for holding a Lodge at Newport, came duly to 
hand, for which, as well as the Instructions therein con- 
tained, please accept our warmest Thanks. We are very 
happy in understanding your Intentions to visit us and go 
in procession to Church on the 24th of June next. 

" Your Instructions with respect to Brother Harrington 
shall be particularly attended to. 

"Agreeable to your desire, Inclosed is a List of our 
Members. I was not made in this Lodge, but in Jamacia, 
as said list will more particularly explain. Not having been 
at Newport since I received your Letter, have not seen 
Captain Prescot, but believe himself and Family are well. 
" I have only to add that I am with the greatest respect, 
" Rt. W. Prov. Gr. Master, 

" Your most humble Servant, 
" WM. HOLLOWAY, 

" Master of No. 33. 
" To Thos. Dunckerley, Esq." 

" Cowes, June 8th, 1792. 
" Rt. Worshipfull P.G.M., 

" At the request of the Bretheren of the Medina 
Lodge, I have to beg the Favor you will (prior to the 



Freemns'mry in Hunts and the Isle of Wight. 167 

ensuing Festival) appoint new Provincial Grand Officers, to 
enable you to do which I herewith transmit you a List of 
the Lodge as it now stands, together with the last list of 
Provincial Grand Officers hy you appointed in your Letter 
to Brother Hollo way, dated March 7th, 1787. 

" I must at same time beg leave to observe that Edwd. 
Rushworth, Esq., who you (5 years since) was pleased to 
nominate your Deputy, has not hitherto vouchsaved to visit 
us, though repeatedly sollicited ; and, conceiving that his 
distance from us makes it inconvenient for him to attend, in 
the name of the Lodge, I have to beg you will le pleased to 
appoint some other person, and if you are at a loss who to 
nominate, with your leave, we will point out to you a Gen- 
tleman residing near us who, we make no doubt, will readily 
accept the Office on proper sollicitation. Hoping to hear 
from you as soon as convenient, 

" I remain, with due respect, 

" E.W.P.G.M., 

" Your most obed. Servant, 

" To Thos. Dunckerley, Esq. " HUGH SIME. 

" Hampton Court Pallace, 

" Middlesex." 

The following is copied from the minute-book, and was 
read in the lodge on the 4th of July, 1794 : 

" Southampton, March 28th, 1794. 
" Dear Brother, 

"Last night I received from the Master of the 
Packet your Letter with the List of Fees, Contributions to 
the Charity Fund, and Donations to the Royal Cumberland 
Free Masons' School, together with Five Pounds One 
Shilling for the above purposes, which I have sent to the 
Grand Secretary by this post. 

" While it is agreeable for you to execute the Office of 
Deputy Provincial Grand Master for the Isle of Wight ; it 



168 Thomas Dunckerley. 

will give me pleasure to have so worthy and respectable a 
Brother for my Representative. 

" I am, with much regard, 

" Your affectionate Brother, 

"THOMAS DUNCKERLEY. 

"N.B. I purpose (with God's permission) to set off for 
Hampton Court on Thursday, the first of May next, where 
I shall remain till you hear further from me. 

" To Wm. Holloway, Esq. 

" Cowes, Isle of Wight." 

William Holloway seems to have been well worthy of 
the honour conferred on him by his distinguished chief. He 
was re-appointed by Dunckerley's successor, and continued 
in the office of D.P. Grand Master for many years. The 
members of the Medina Lodge owe him, as well as 
Dunckerley, a debt of gratitude for having prevented its 
erasure. In the early part of the present century the lodge 
again fell into decay, and I learn from a note in the Grand 
Lodge Register that in 1807 it could only boast of seven 
members; in 1808-9-10 this number was reduced to two, 
viz., William Holloway and Richard Pinhorne. Two of the 
former members appear to have rejoined previous to 1813, 
since which period the Lodge has enjoyed increasing 
prosperity, and is now held in a commodious hall devoted 
exclusively to Masonry, at a short distance from the Vine 
Tavern, where it was originally established at Cowes. 

I cannot well close this portion of my undertaking with- 
out expressing my gratitude for the uniform courtesy 
extended to me by the Members of the Medina Lodge, my 
acknowledgments being especially due to Bros. Barfield, 
P.G. Treasurer, P.M. ; Wheeler, W.M. ; Faulkner, P.M. ; 
and Mursell, P.M. and Secretary ; for having materially 
assisted me in the compilation of the foregoing sketch by 
readily placing at my disposal the valuable and most 
interesting records of their Lodge. 



Freemasonry in Essex. 169 

MEMORIALS OF FREEMASONRY IN ESSEX. 

Dunckerley's first appearance in Grand Lodge as Pro- 
vincial Grand Master for Essex was on the occasion of the 
Dedication of Freemasons' Hall by Lord Petre, on May the 
23rd, 1776. Hampshire and the Isle of Wight being then 
separate provinces, this was the third province placed under 
his care. He had only recently been appointed, and the 
accompanying letter was probably the first received by him 
in his new capacity. The writer, Benjamin Didier, was an 
attorney, and was made a Mason in 1734. Hitherto 
Essex had been under the supervision of the Grand Secre- 
tary, and as there were but four lodges in the county in 
1776, the authorities doubtless concluded that Dunckerley's 
energy and enthusiasm might be the means of adding to the 
number, and thereby increasing the much needed contribu- 
tions to the funds of the Grand Lodge. Two out of the 
four lodges appear to have been in abeyance at the time, 
viz., No. 250 at The Saracen's Head, Chelmsford, con- 
stituted in 1764, and No. 430 at The King's Head, Maiden. 
These lodges made no return of their members to Grand 
Lodge, nnd were ultimately erased from the list, the former 
in 1782, and the latter in 1785. 

" Globe Lodge, Harwich, 22nd May, 1776. 
" R.W. Sir, 

" This serves to acknowledge the Favour of your 
obliging Letter, with the printed Account of the intended 
Dedication of the Hall, therein inclosed, which Ceremony 
several of us would have attended ; had we had earlier 
Notice thereof. We are all sensible of your great Abilities, 
from the Specimen thereof given in the printed excellent 
Charges preserved in our Lodge, and rejoice that we are now 
under your care. On the other side you have the required 
List of our Lodge : the Members are the same I delivered to 
the Grand Secretary's Clerk, with the Monies required 



170 Thomas Dunckerley. 

towards the Hall, since which we have had no alteration 
among us. 

"Our Lodge was on the 13th Aug. 1764, constituted 
at the Sign of the three Crowns in this Town : in the Year 
1768 removed to the Sign of the half Moon ; and in the 
Year 1771 to the Globe, our present Station. 

" I have made no Columns for Members discharged, or 
for the Occasion thereof, as the only one expelled was 
Richard Bennett for great Irregularity, of whom I wrote a 
particular Account to the Grand Secretary on 24th of 
January, 1775 : whereupon he was soon after by Order of 
the Grand Lodge, expelled the Society, to which Order I 
must beg leave to refer you ; that it may be observed by 
the Lodges in your Province, as a Caution ; That neither 
he nor any of his pretended Masons may gain admittance 
among them. *. 

"Your health has been drank with A^X and with the 
most respectful Greetings of the Lodge, I beg leave to sub- 
scribe myself, 

" R.W. Sir, 

" Your affectionate Brother 
& humble Servant, 

" B. DIDIER. 
" To Thos. Dunckerley Esq." 

The lodge here referred to was afterwards removed to 
The Swan, and was known as the St. Nicholas Lodge No. 
174. It fell into abeyance after 1792, and was erased by 
order of Grand Lodge on the 15th of April, 1795. 

" Hampton Court Palace, July 10th, 1776. 
" My Dear Friend, 

" I set out for Essex the 13th Inst., and as I have 
not yet rec'd my warr't of Deputation, shall call at your 
house that Day ; but if you should be out of Town, beg you 
will have the goodness to leave Orders that it may be 



Freemasonry in Essex. 171 

Deliver'd to me. At the same time, I beg a Warr't of 
Constitution may be ready for the Lodge at Colchester, as I 
intend (with God's Permission) to Constitute that Lodge, 
on Monday, the 15th Inst. It is to be held at the King's 
Head Tavern, in that Town. 
The Rev'd WM. MARTIN LEAKE, \ / 

LL.B. ( J Master. 

COLLIN HOSSACK, M.D. ( ' I ^ en> Warden. 

THOS. BOGGIS, Esq. ) \ Jun. Warden. 

" Let it be dated at London June llth, 1776, & blanks 
left for the names of my Deputy & Secretary. 

" My Wife and Daughter unite in sincere regard & am, 

" Dear Sir, 
" Your obliged Friend & aifect. Brother, 

"THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 

" Jas. Heseltine, Esq." 

"Hampton Court Palace, July 15th, 1776. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I did myself the pleasure of Writing to you the 
beginning of last week to Desire you would Order a Warr't 
to be made out for Constituting a Lodge at the King's 
Head Colchester ; that I should call for it at your house, 
next Saturday the 20th Inst. ; & at the same time would 
take my Warr't of Deputation, both which I hope will be 
ready. 

" I had a letter yesterday from Bro. Martin Leake (who 
I have appointed a Provincial Grand Secretary) he begs I 
will take a Book of Constitutions with me, which I think 
will be best in Sheets as a Supplement is intended, and then 
they may be bound together. 

" You will much oblige me by a line in return to-morrow 
Night. 

" Receive our best Wishes, 

" From y r - Affect. Bro. & Servant, 
"Jas. Heseltine, Esq." "Tuos. DUNCKERLKY. 



172 Thomas Dunclcerley. 

The last two letters refer to the Lodge of Unity No. 402, 
erased by order of Grand Lodge the 9th of February, 1791. 
Dunckerley's name as an Honorary Member, heads the list 
of members in the Grand Lodge Register. It seems to 
have been rather select for a country lodge, and probably 
declined on his ceasing to take an active part in its affairs. 
" CHELMSFORD CHRONICLE," June 25th, 1784. 

" Yesterday a provincial Grand Lodge of the most 
antient and honourable fraternity of free and accepted 
Masons was held at the Black Boy Inn, in this town ; at 
eleven o'clock in the forenoon the brethren went in proces- 
sion to church, and heard divine service. A sermon was 
preached 1 Thess., chap, iv., part of the 9th verse, by the 
Rev. Brother Firebrace. During divine service a hymn 
composed by the Prov. Grand Master, was performed on 
the Organ by the Rev. Mr. Nare, accompanied by the voices 
of the brethren and the rest of the congregation." 
Ibid, May 13th, 1785. 

" To the Most Antient and Honourable Society of Free 
and Accepted Masons. Notice is hereby given, That a 
Grand Lodge for the County of Essex will be held at the 
Red Lion Inn, Colchester, on Thursday, the 19th inst., by 
Thomas Dunckerley, Esq., Provincial Grand Master, in 
honour of her Majesty's Birth-day. The Lodge to be 
opened at Twelve, and the dinner to be on table exactly at 
Three o'clock. 

"The present and Past Grand officers and Stewards 
for this county are requested to attend with their proper 
clothing, and the Officers and Brethren of the respective 
Lodges with their Jewels, &c. By command of the Pro- 
vincial Grand Master. 

" Colchester, May llth, 1785. 

" RICHARD WHITE, 

" Prov. Grand Secretary. 



Freemasonry in Ess?x. 173 

" Tickets for the feast at 5/- each to be had at the bar, 
at the Eed Lion." 

" Colchester, Sept. 14th, 1786. 
" Dear Sir, 

"Yesterday morning I was favour'd with yours of 
the 5th forwarded from Hampton Court, but as I met the 
Brethren (in Grand Lodge) at eleven in the forenoon ; I did 
not leave them before this morning, tho' the Lodge was 
clos'd at 8 in the evening. We pass'd a very happy day 
and I appointed Bros. Sperling and Tyssen (Gentlemen of 
large fortunes in this County) to be my Wardens. I thank 
you for the Account of the Lodges in Hampshire, that have 
shewn their regard for me ; but I did not know that there 
was a Lodge at the George Inn, Portsmouth.* 

" I am ambitious to have Sir P. Parker's signature to my 
Patent, therefore beg you will defer it till his nomination is 
confirm'd.f 

" In conformity to my new Patent, it will be proper that 
the Lodges under my care, be inserted in the next Calendar 
according to the following alphabetical arrangement. 
B. City & County of Bristol. 155; 253; 296; 359; 445; 
472. 

D. Dorsetshire : 219 ; 382 ; with the two new Lodges. 

E. Essex : 30 ; 51 ; 205 ; 270 ; 402 ; 411. 
G. Gloucestershire : 462 City of Gloucester. 
H. Hampshire : 18 ; 206 ; 314 ; 400 ; 485. 

S. Somersetshire: 39; 212; 230; 294; 369; 473. 
W. Isle of Wight : 33. 

" The above will give great pleasure to the Brethren of 
Bristol & the Isle of Wight and I hope will meet with 
your approbation. 

* The Hampshire lodges had petitioned the Grand Master to appoint 
Dunckerley Provincial Grand Master in succession to Captain Pascal, 
deceased. II. S. 
f Sir Peter Parker had recently been appointed D.G.M. of England. U.S. 



174 Thomas Dunckerley. 

"Next Monday Evening I am to visit the Lodge at 
Ilford on ray return home. 

" Believe me most sincerely y r< Affect. Brother, 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY." 

" Hampton Court Palace, March 30th, 1787. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I have this morning receiv'd a letter from Braintree 
in Essex, requesting me to grant a Warrant of Constitution 
to confirm the Dispensation which I gave them to hold a 
Lodge at a Private Room in that Town, Dated Nov. 3, 
1786, of which I inform'd you and receiv'd for answer that 
the Number would be 491. I must now desire you will do 
me the favour to get the Warrant made out with the above 
date, for the Lodge of Good Will, to be held at a private 
room, Braintree in Essex. Bro. William Low, Master, Bro. 
Richard Biss, Sen. Warden ; and Bro. Thos. Osborne, Jun. 
Warden. If it can be engross'd by next Wednesday I can 
sign and send it the next day to Colchester, for my Deputy 
& Secretary to witness it. 

" Your faithful and Zealous Brother, 

"THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 
" William White Esq." 

William Low was a Baker at Booking ; Richard Biss, 
a Hairdresser at Braintree ; and Thomas Osborne, a 
Brickmaker at Hedingham Sible. The Lodge was erased 
in 1823. 

" Hampton Court Palace, May 10th, 1787. 
" Dear Brother, 

" I send this blank Form for a list of your present 
Members, to be delivered to me in the Grand Lodge at 
Bocking the 19th of this Month ; when I shall be happy to 
see as many from your Lodge as can make it convenient to 
attend ; and I propose, (with God's permission) to hold the 
Grand Lodge for your County next year at Harwich. I 



Freemasonry in Essex. 175 

must desire you will send a line to the Master of the White 
Hart Inn, Booking & acquaint him what number of 
your Brethren will dine there. You will see the Grand 
Lodge advertised in the General Evening Post of last 
Saturday, & it will also be in your County Paper. 

" I must desire the Brethren to wear Oock'd Hats in the 
Procession to Church. 

"Present my affectionate regard to the Brethren & 

believe me 

" Your affect. Brother, 

"THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 

" The Master of No. 205 

"At the Swan, Harwich." 

" CHELMSFORD CHRONICLE," 25th of May, 1787. 

*' Extract of a letter from Braintree, May 20th. 
" Yesterday being the Anniversary of her Majesty's 
Birth-Day, the brethren of the most ancient and honourable 
Society of Free and Accepted Masons assembled at the 
White Hart Inn, where a Grand Lodge was held in honour 
of the day, by Thomas Dunckerley, Esq., Provincial Grand 
Master for this County. A Grand Procession was formed 
to the church, and an excellent sermon given by the Rev. 
Brother Milbourne Peter Carter. A liberal collection was 
made for the poor, and an elegant dinner provided for the 
fraternity. The healths of our most gracious Sovereign ; 
our much beloved Queen ; the Duke of Cumberland (our 
Grand Master) ; the Prince of Wales ; Prince William Henry 
&c. &c. were drank with all Masonic honours. The genuine 
spirit of loyalty appeared in the town, and the festival was 
conducted with that cheerfulness and harmony peculiar to 
the Society." 



176 Thomas Dunckerley. 

MASONIC FESTIVITIES AT CHELMSFORD. 

From <: The Freemasons' Magazine," 1793. 

Chelmsibrd, August 16th. 

On Monday last being the Anniversary of the Birth-Day 
of His Royal Highness. 

THE PRINCE OF WALES, 

GRAND MASTER OF FJKEE AND ACCEPTED MASONS, 

Upwards of one hundred Brethren of that ancient and 

honourable Society assembled in this town, for the purpose 

of holding 

A PROVINCIAL GRAND LODGE 

In honour of the Day, to regulate the Masonic Business 
of the County, and to constitute the LODGE OF GOOD 
FELLOWSHIP, at the Saracen's Head ; the Right Worshipful 
Provincial Grand Master, 

THOMAS DUNCKERLEY, Esq., 

Did not arrive till past eleven o'clock, having been pre- 
viously detained on Masonic Business, by his Royal 
Highness the Grand Master, and the Right Honourable 
Brethren Lord PETRK, Past Grand Master, and the Marquis 
of TOWNSHEND. Immediately on his arrival The Grand 
Lodge was opened in ample form, and the following Gentle- 
men were appointed Grand Officers for the County, viz. : 
Brother COOK, Deputy Grand Master. 
Brother LAMBERT, and T. WHITE, Grand Wardens. 
Brother DICKIE, Grand Treasurer. 
Brother CUPPAGE, Grand Secretary. 
Rev. Brother LLOYD, Grand Chaplain. 
Brother COOK, Grand Architect. 
Brother BARTON, Grand Sword Bearer. 
After the investment, the procession took place to 
Church in the following order, viz. 

Band of Martial Music. 
Two Tylers with drawn Swords. 



Freemasonry in Essex. 177 

Masters, Officers, and Brethren of the different visiting 

Lodges, viz. : 
Melford, Ipswich, Bury, Cambridge, London, &c. 

Two Tylers. 
Brother COOK, Deputy Grand Master, the Master of the 

Lodge of Good Fellowship, Chelmsford, No. 462, 

carrying the first great wax light, in an elegant inlaid 

candlestick near three feet high. 

The Wardens of that Lodge. 

Secretary and Treasurer. 

Other Officers and Brethren two and two. 

The Master of the Lodge of Good- Will, Braintree, No. 401, 

carrying the second great light, in a more elegant 

candlestick than the former. 

His Officers and Brethren of his Lodge, two and two. 
The Master of the Lodge of Friendship, Ilford, No. 227, 

carrying the third and last great light, in a most 
magnificent superb candlestick, curiously inlaid with 

different Masonic Hieroglyphics. 

His Officers and the Brethren of his Lodge, two and two. 

The Master of the Colchester Lodge, No. 47, carrying the 

book of Constitutions, superbly bound, on a velvet 

cushion, covered with royal blue silk. 

His Officers and the Brethren of his Lodge, two and two. 

The Master of the Well-Disposed Lodge, Waltham Abbey, 

No. 28, carrying the Holy Bible, magnificently 

bound and gilt, on a rich crimson velvet 
cushion covered with royal blue silk, with gold fringe 

and tassels. 
The Officers and Brethren of his Lodge, two and two. 

A Janitor. 
Royal Arch Masons with Sashes and Medals, two and two. 

An Equerry, K.T. 

The Grand Registrar of the Order of Masonic Knights 
Templar, in Uniform. 

N 



178 Thomas Dunckerley. 

The Companions of that sublime Order, in Uniform, with 
black silk sashes, ornamented with a silver star of five points, 

a cross of gold, and an appendage of white satin. 
The Grand Lodge of Essex, in the following Order : 

Grand Tyler. 
Past Grand Officers, two and two. 

Grand Stewards. 

Grand Chaplain, and Grand Architect. 
Grand Secretary, and Grand Treasurer. 

The Two Grand Wardens. 

The Grand Master, preceded by the Grand Sword Bearer, 

and supported on the right by the Deputy Provincial 

Grand Master,* and on the left by 

Capt. Sir W. HANNAM, 
Acting Grand Master for England, of K.T. 
On their arrival at the Church the procession halted, 
and opening to the right and left, the Grand Master, with 
his Officers, preceded by the sword of state, entered first, 
and was followed by the procession inversed ; the three 
lights being placed in the middle aisle before the pulpit. 
During divine service, a Masonic Hymn, composed by the 
Provincial Grand Master, was sung, and a handsome collec- 
tion made, which was given to the church-wardens and 
overseers to distribute to the poor of this parish. A most 
excellent and truly Masonic Sermon was preached by the 
Rev. Grand Chaplain, from this text, St. John, chap. viii. 
verse 32, " And ye shall know the Truth, and the Truth 
shall make you Free." 

The procession, in the order in which it first set off, 
returned to the Saracen's Head, where an elegant dinner 



* This brother had evidently succeeded in solving the supposed 
difficult problem of how to be in two places at one and the same time, 
for it will be observed that he is said to have carried " an elegant inlaid 
candlestick," in another part of the procession. H. S. 



Freemasonry in Essex. 179 

was provided that did honour to the purveying abilities of 
Brother CASWELL. 

After dinner the Lodge of Good Fellowship, which for 
more than three years had been acting under dispensation 
from his late Royal Highness the Duke of Cumberland, was 
constituted in DUE FORM ; A short but most excellent 
address was delivered by Brother DUNCKERLEY, who, after 
recommending the cultivating tbe several moral and social 
virtues which so eminently distinguish the principles and 
ground- work of Masonry, recommended to the consideration 
of the Brethren that most excellent Charity the ROYAL 
CUMBERLAND FREEMASONS' SCHOOL, for clothing, boarding, 
and educating the daughters of poor Freemasons, and in 
order that that precept might be enforced by example, and 
that the Grand Lodge of Essex might be distinguished as 
well-wishers to the institution, he began a subscription by 
TWENTY GUINEAS from his own purse ; this was followed 
by every member's contributing what suited his convenience ; 
to which was added a benefaction from the newly-constituted 
Lodge, the whole amounting to a very considerable sum. 

At an early hour the Provincial Grand Master took a 
most affectionate leave of the Brethren, who, with hearts 
full of fraternal esteem and cordial regard, accompanied 
him, preceded by the band of music, to the Black Boy, and 
after giving him three hearty and heart-felt cheers, parted 
with this amiable Veteran, who has been justly styled " the 
great luminary of Masoury." The company returned in 
form to the Lodge, where the business of Masonry was 
resumed under the able government of Brother COOK, 
Deputy Provincial Grand Master . . . but here we must 
draw the veil. . . . Our readers must excuse our saying 
anything more than that everything was conducted in that 
truly harmonic style that should ever accompany the 
assembly of a society whose tenets and principles have stood 
the test of revolving ages, and were never more freely 

N 2 



180 Thomas Dunckertey. 

investigated, more fervently embraced, or zealously supported, 
than under the auspices of the present Royal Family of 
Great Britain. 

INSTALLATION OF DUNCKERLEY'S SUCCESSOR 
IN ESSEX. 

From "THE FREEMASONS' REPOSITORY " for June, 1797. 

Chelmsford, May 15th, 1797. 

His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, Grand 
Master of the Ancient and Honourable Society of Free and 
Accepted Masons, having been pleased to nominate and 
appoint Creorge Downing, Esq., of Lincoln's Inn, and Oving- 
ton, in this County, to succeed the late Thomas Dunckerley, 
Esq., as Provincial Grand Master, this day was fixed for his 
Installation ; upon which occasion a most numerous and 
respectable assemblage of the Brethren attended. 

The morning was ushered in with ringing of bells, &c. 
At nine o'clock near 100 Brethren assembled at the Black 
Boy, where a public Breakfast was provided. At ten the 
Lodge was opened by Brother Cook, of Barking, the Deputy 
Provincial Grand Master ; Brother Lambert, of Barking, 
and Brother White, of Colchester, Provincial Grand War- 
dens ; Brother Cuppage, Provincial Grand Secretary ; and 
Brother Brooke, Grand Treasurer ; in the presence of 
upwards of 160 Brethren. Brother Cook then addressed 
the Brethren in the following manner : 

" Brethren, The last time we had the pleasure of meeting 
each other in the Provincial Grand Lodge, it was under the 
guidance and protection of our late worthy Past Grand 
Master, Brother Thomas Dunckerley, a gentleman most 
justly esteemed by all who had the pleasure of knowing 
him. Since that period, it has pleased the Supreme 
Architect of the Universe (whose wonderful works he has 
so often explored, and so repeatedly explained for our in- 



Installation of his successor in Essex. 181 

struction and advantage) to take him from the exalted and 
honourable situation he held among our Fraternity to a 
mansion not made with hands, but eternal in the Heavens. 
I can assure you, Brethren that no one has more reason to 
deplore his loss and assistance than myself; and I trust, 
my worthy Brethren, that you, who were well acquainted 
with his excellent character, will readily join with me in 
pronouncing that ' take him for all in all, we scarce shall 
see his like again.' But, Brethren, as it is contrary to the 
true principles of Christianity and Masonry for the honest 
and upright mind to despair, even under the greatest afflic- 
tions, I have therefore no doubt but we shall meet with 
some consolation and return for the loss we have sustained 
by the appointment of a worthy Brother, whom I shall have 
the honour and satisfaction to introduce to you this day, 
and, with your approbation instal in this Chair, to succeed 
our late departed friend as Provincial Grand Master for 
this respectable and extensive county a Brother and a 
Gentleman who, I believe, is well known to several of the 
Brethren present I mean G-eorgeDowning, Esq., of Lincoln's 
Inn, and of Ovington in this County, who is as much 
esteemed in private life as he is publicly honoured as a 
Mason. 

" I take this opportunity of observing that shortly after 
the demise of our Brother Dunckerley, the different Lodges 
in this County, being made acquainted with our Brother 
Downing's character, connection, and situation in life, and 
his having expressed a wish to succeed to the honour of 
presiding over this respectable county, unanimously peti- 
tioned his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales our present 
Most Worshipful Grand Master, to nominate and appoint 
Mr. Downing to fill up the vacancy that was so great a loss 
to Masonry in this county. I can assure you, Brethren, 
that when you have the happiness of being acquainted and 
connected with him as a Man, who is to preside over you 



182 Thomas Dunckerley. 

in future, you will not repent permitting me the great 
honour of placing him in the Provincial Chair, and in- 
vesting him in due form with the insignia of his office, to 
preside over this truly respectable and numerous assemblage 
of Brethren, to renovate our knowledge, guide us in the 
true path between the Square and Compass, and amply 
console us for the great loss we have sustained And may 
the three Grand Masonic Principles, Brotherly Love, Relief, 
and Truth, aided and assisted by the three Masonic virtues, 
Faith, Hope, and Charity, be a guide to our conviviality 
this day." 

Mr. Downing was then introduced into the Lodge by 
his Friends, Adam Gordon, Esq., Provincial Grand Master 
for Hereford, and William Forsteen, Esq., Provincial Grand 
Master for Hertford, preceded by the Stewards, consisting 
of Brothers Aaron Hurrill, Thomas Holmsted, William 
Cuppage, William Low, Nathaniel Hayward, J. Goulding, 
A. Brown, D. Wood, J. R. Rowland, and Thomas Wood ; 
and being conducted to the Chair, he delivered his patent 
of appointment, which being read by the Grand Secretary, 
and Brother Cook having quitted the Chair, Mr. Downing 
was invested and installed by him, in due form, as Provin- 
cial Grand Master for the County of Essex, and was 
accordingly saluted by all the Brethren with every token 
of applause : after which the grand honours were given. 

These ceremonies having taken place, Mr. Downing 
delivered an oration, of which the following is the substance, 
as near as could be collected : 
" Brethren, 

" The pleasure I derive from taking this Chair receives 
a melancholy alloy from the consideration, that it is occa- 
sioned by the death of our late excellent Brother Dunckerley ; 
a man who, for conviviality of disposition, correctness of 
principles, extent of Masonic knowledge, and readiness of 
communication, stood, perhaps unrivalled ; and who by the 



Installation of his successor in Essex. 183 

happy application of these enviable endowments, not only 
conciliated the affection, but insured the improvement of 
the Craft over whom he had the honour to preside. He 
loved Masonry from his soul : and as his attachment was 
not the effect of a hasty impression upon a lively imagina- 
tion, but the result of a long and well directed scrutiny 
into the nature and utility of the institution, he seldom 
failed to communicate a portion of his zeal to those with 
whom he conversed. 

" In this county he may be considered to have been the 
Father of the Craft ; and his death has been accordingly 
felt with a degree of filial regret a regret which I am 
sorry to think will be increased by a comparison between 
him and his successor. I confess, Brethren, that when I 
contrast my own inexperience with his knowledge, and 
consider that I am going to build on foundations laid by so 
able an architect, I feel dispirited at what I have under- 
taken ; and find nothing to console me but the reflection, 
that with the foundation he has left a design of the super- 
structure, and a number of well-instructed craftsmen to 
assist in carrying it on. 

" From my first initiation into the mysteries of our 
venerable Order, they have been subjects of my continual 
admiration, not so much on account of their antiquity as 
their moral tendency : for though the former may attract 
the enquiry and gratify the research of the antiquarian, it 
is the latter which invites the cultivation, gives energy to 
the exertion, and ensures the final perseverance of the 
genuine Freemason. Let us not, however, affect to think 
lightly of the venerable sanction which our mysteries have 
acquired by the adoption of successive ages. Of their anti- 
quity there is a sort of evidence which eclipses tradition. 
The method adopted by the craft for communicating instruc- 
tions to their disciples, was in use before the invention of 
letters. 



184 Thomas Dunckerley. 

" All the learning of the ancient world was conveyed 
in symbols, and intrenched in mysteries : and surely that 
is not only the most ancient, but the most impressive vehicle 
of knowledge, which, by applying sensible objects to a 
figurative use, affords amusement as well as instruction, and 
renders even the playfulness of the imagination, that most 
ungovernable of all the human faculties, instrumental to 
moral improvement. 

"Those who have made enquiries into the rise and 
progress of science, have found that in the early ages all 
speculative knowledge was confined to a few, and by them 
carefully concealed from vulgar curiosity under the veil of 
mysteries, into which none were initiated, till not only their 
intellectual capacities, but the firmness of their characters, 
had been put to a severe test ; the result of which deter- 
mined the degree of probability that they would resist the 
stratagems of curiosity and the imperious demands of 
authority. The most famous mysteries on record are those 
in Persia, which were celebrated in honour of the God 
Mythra, and those at Eleusis, in Greece, in honour of the 
Goddess Ceres. 

" Many arguments might be adduced to prove that 
both these were corruptions of Freemasonry, and hereafter 
I shall not want the inclination, if I do not want the 
opportunity to discuss them. At present, however, I shall 
content myself with pointing out the similarity which sub- 
sists between the initiatory rites practised by the professors 
of those mysteries and by our Brethren, both antient and 
modern ; more especially in the allegorical part of their 
ceremonials." 

Here followed an historical detail of the ceremonies 
attending initiations into the Mythraic and Eleusinian 
mysteries, and a comparative examination of them with 
Freemasonry, all of which we are induced to omit, for 
reasons that will readily occur to the Masonic part of our 



Installation of his successor in Essex. 185 

readers; and at the conclusion of this account the Provincial 
Grand Master took an opportunity of making some remarks 
on the practices of different Lodges in England and France, 
in what is termed making Masons, and then proceeded as 
follows : 

" I conceive it to the credit of the English Masons in 
general, that they are content to make a solemn impression 
without doing violence to the feelings of the candidate, 
to awe without intimidating ; and we may be bold to 
affirm, that by how much soever the terror of an initiation 
into either of the Heathen mysteries above alluded to 
exceeded the terror of a Masonic examination, by so much, 
and more, do the moral and social advantages of the latter 
institution exceed those of the former 

" For proofs of the moral tendency of Freemasonry we need 
only appeal to our lectures, a due attention to which cannot 
fail of proving highly auxiliary to the practice of religious 
and social duties. In them will be found a summary of 
moral conduct, which in soundness of principle and facility of 
application, may justly vie with the most celebrated systems 
of ethics ; the whole rendered familiar to our conceptions, 
amusing to our fancies, and impressive on our memories, 
by easy and apposite symbols. By them we learn the 
analogy between physical and moral good ; to judge of 
the wisdom of the Creator by the works of the creation ; 
and hence we infer that our wise Master builder, who 
has planned and completed a habitation so suitable to 
our wants, so convenient to our enjoyments, during our 
temporary residence here, has exercised still more wisdom 
in contriving, more strength in supporting, and more beauty 
in adorning those eternal mansions where he has promised 
to receive and reward all faithful Masons hereafter. 

" Thus are our faith and hope exercised by Masonic 
studies ; but there is a virtue which Divine authority has 
pronounced greater than/aiVA and hope, and to this excellent 



186 Thomas Dunckerley. 

virtue of Charity are our Masonic labours more especially 
directed. For this is the student reminded 'to consider 
the whole race of mankind as one family, inhabitants of one 
planet, descended from one common pair of ancestors, and sent 
into the world for the mutual aid, support and protection of 
each other ; ' and that as the pale of our society incloses 
persons of every nation, rank, and opinion, no religious, 
national, or party prejudices should discover themselves at 
our meetings ; but that, as our Brother Preston very feel- 
ingly expresses it, ' both hearts and tongues should join in 
promoting each other's welfare, and rejoicing in each other's 
prosperity.' In a word, that we should not only profess, 
but practise the three grand principles of brotherly Love, 
Relief and. Truth. 

" There are some, I well know, who are so little 
acquainted with our principles and our practices, as to 
contend, that the whole of Freemasonry consists in convivi- 
ality. To these we are not afraid to declare, that in this 
respect we boast only this superiority, that our meetings 
are not infested with strife and debate ; and were this the 
only distinguishing characteristic of the Brotherhood the 
candle of Masonry might be pronounced to sink fast into 
the socket. But to the honour of modern Masons be it 
spoken, that an institution has been lately established 
among ourselves, which, though the latest, is perhaps the 
brightest jewel in the Masonic diadem. You will easily 
perceive that I allude to our infant Charity in St. George's 
Fields ; an institution which resembles the universality of 
our order, being confined to no parish, county, or climate ; 
it is enough that the objects arc the female issue of deceased 
or distressed Brethren. They are capable of election 
between the age of five and nine, and remain under the 
roof of this Asylum till fifteen. And when they are obliged 
to make way for others, and sent out into the world to 
practise the duties and give examples of the virtues they 



Installation of his successor in Essex. 187 

have been taught, they are not abandoned by their generous 
benefactors, but cautiously placed out either as apprentices 
or domestic servants, with persons whose characters and 
situations have been scrupulously examined ; a sum of 
money is given to fit them out ; and a further sum, if, after 
a period of probation, they are found worthy of the patronage 
they have received. It will reflect infinitely more credit 
on this infant institution than any eulogium I can bestow 
on it, to state, that although it has not been established 
ten years, there are several Life Governors on the list, who 
have become so from having been witnesses of the good 
conduct of servants educated in this school. And nothing 
can afford a better proof of the economical use made of the 
subscribers' money, than the accounts lately published, 
which shew, that the whole expences of clothing, mainten- 
ance, and education, did not in the last year exceed 
7. 9s. per child. On the whole, I cannot omit to 
observe, that a charity, in its design more benevolent, in 
its selection more judicious, in event more successful, was 
never established ; and when I reflect on the obstacles it 
has surmounted, the expences that have been incurred, 
and the present increased and increasing state of the funds, 
I feel at a loss which most to admire, the liberality of 
the contributors, the wisdom and enterprize of the conductors, 
or the excellent management and disinterested frugality 
of the Treasurer. 

"Brethren, I am ashamed to consider how much of 
your time I have taken up. One word more and I have 
done. I repose on your candour, of which I have already 
had an agreeable earnest, to overlook my defects. I request 
the regularity of your attendance at our Provincial Meetings. 
I rely on your regular contributions to the Grand Lodge ; 
and your attention to charity in general, and to that I have 
recommended to you in particular ; that the inhabitants 
of this wealthy and respectable county may support the 



188 Thomas Dunclcerky. 

same rank as Masons, which they justly hold as Men; 
In the Grand Lodge I shall consider myself as your 
Representative, and faithfully attend to whatever affects 
your interests. Finally, I hope you will consider and 
accept my unwearied attention to your concerns, as the 
best return I can make you for your recommendation to 
our Grand Master." 

" The oration being finished, certain rites and ceremonies 
were duly performed. The Lodge was closed, and a polite 
message was received from Mr. Judd, a Magistrate of the 
County, with an offer of the Shire-hall for the use of the 
Brethren, which was very gratefully accepted. This was 
immediately followed by information, that General Egerton, 
the Commanding Officer of his Majesty's troops in the 
Barracks, had given orders for the whole line, consisting of 
four regiments, to be under arms, in order to grace the 
procession to church." 

Here follows the order of the procession which, being 
similar to the one already described, may well be omitted. 

"Before the procession began, the several Military 
Brethren belonging to different regiments in the county, 
consisting of Field Officers, Captains, and Subalterns, took 
their places, next before the Stewards of the Grand Lodge 
of England. 

"In this manner the whole body, consisting of nearly 
180 Brethren, proceeded in the most exact order to the 
Church. On their arrival at the church porch, the Brethren, 
dividing to the right and left, halted, making a passage 
for the Provincial Grand Master, who entered the church 
first, the rest of the Officers and Brethren following in 
inverted order.* Prayers were next read by Brother Wix ; 
and a discourse from the following text ' The Builder of all 

*How funny they must have looked! II. S. 



Installation of his successor in Essex. 189 

things is God,' was delivered by the Grand Chaplain* ; after 
which a collection was made for the poor of the parish of 
Chelmsford, amounting to upwards of 12 and the proces- 
sion returned to the Black Boy, in the same order as to 
church. The Grand Lodge was then adjourned to the 
Shire-hall, which was nearly filled with the Brethren, 
placed in the most exact order, by the excellent management 
of the Provincial Grand Stewards. The Grand Lodge of 
Essex was then opened in the Grand Jury-room, and 
consisted of the Provincial Grand Master, his Deputy, the 
Provincial Grand Wardens, and other Provincial Grand 
Officers, accompanied by the Grand Officers of England, and 
preceded by the Band of Music. The Provincial Grand 
Tyler, and the ten Provincial Grand Stewards, entered the 
Hall ; the Brethren all rose, and with plaudits loud, 
reiterated, and continued, welcomed their Master and his 
Officers. After parading three times round the room, the 
Master was placed in the Chair with such demonstrations of 
joy, as plainly evinced the impression his conduct had 

made on every Brother After dinner a great 

number of loyal and masonic toasts were drank. The 
Royal Cumberland Freemasons' School for supporting the 
Children and Orphans of poor Freemasons having been 
recommended to the society by the Provincial Grand Master, 
a subscription was immediately set on foot for its support, 
and one hundred and seven guineas were subscribed for 
that purpose. 

" The case of a brother in want, who had seen better 
days, was likewise represented to the society. A handsome 
collection was made for him, and an application to the 
Grand Fund of Charity for his further support, was agreed on, 
which concluded the business of a day never exceeded, 
if equalled, in the annals of Masonry." 

* The Rev. William Brook Jones. The Sermon was published in 
" The Freemasons' Repository," for April. 1798. II. S. 



190 Thomas Dunckerley. 

MEMORIALS OF FREEMASONRY IN 
DORSETSHIRE. 

It is difficult to fix the exact date of Dunckerley 's con- 
nection with Dorsetshire, but from its contiguity to his first 
Province (Hampshire) he was probably well known to the 
fraternity in that county' for a considerable period before 
his appearance in the official records as its Masonic chief. 

A printed list of subscriptions to the Hall Fund received 
at a Quarterly Communication, held November the 12th, 
1777, contains the earliest mention of him in that capacity 
which I have been able to find ; it is as follows : 

" Thomas Dunckerley, Esq., Provincial G.M. for Essex, 
and Superintendant of the Lodges in Wilts and Dorset, 
5. 5s." It is evident, therefore, that the County had 
been placed under his care prior to the 12th of November, 
1777, although he was not formally appointed Provincial 
Grand Master until a few years later. That he did not allow 
the grass to grow under his feet will be . seen from the 
following : 

G.L. Minutes, February the 4th, 1778. 

"The Grand Secretary informed the Grand Lodge 
that he had received a Letter from Brother Dunckerley, 
Superintendant of the Lodges in Wilts, Dorset, &c., com- 
plaining that the Royal Edwin Lodge at Lyme Regis in 
Dorsetshire had in a contemptuous manner neglected to 
answer any of the several Letters he had written to the 
Master, and that he could not procure any account of the 
situation of such Lodge, and therefore requesting the Grand 
Lodge to direct a Letter to be written to the Master of the 
said Lodge, and acquaint him that unless the Lodge gave 
an immediate & satisfactory answer to Brother Dunckerley's 
Letters it would probably be erased from the List at the 
next Quarterly Communication. 



Freemasonry in Dorsetshire. 191 

" A Motion to this effect was then made and seconded, 
and on putting the Question it passed in the affirmative." 
Ibid., April the 8th, 1778. 

" The Grand Secretary informed the Grand Lodge 
that he had received a letter from Brother Dunckerley 
whereby it appeared that the Lodges at Devizes and Lyme 
Regis still remained in contempt. Whereupon a motion 
was made that the Lodge at Devizes for such contemptuous 
behaviour be struck off the List of Lodges, which motion 
was seconded, and on putting the Question, it passed in the 
affirmative. 

" Brother Hayward then informed the G.L. that the 
Lodge at Lyme Regis above mentioned had for some time 
past been in a declining state ; and that the few remaining 
Members were about to remove it, and endeavour to restore 
it thereby. 

"Whereupon the Grand Lodge declined passing any 
censure at present." 

Copy of a letter from the Grand Secretary. 

" Drs. Commons, 

" 14th Dec., 1779. 

" To the R. W. Master of the Lodge at Lyme Regis. 
" R.W. Master & Brethren. 

" Bro. Dunckerley P.G.M. for Dorset has repeatedly com- 
plained to the G.L. that your Lodge had not taken any notice 
of the various Letters written by him, nor corresponded 
with him in any manner whatever. At the G.L. held on 
the 4th Day of November last, Bro. Dunckerley's Complaints 
were taken into Consideration, when it was Unanimously 
resolved, That a Letter should be written to your Lodge in- 
forming you That unless you renew your Correspondence 
with Bro. Dunckerley and acquaint him with the situation 
of your Lodge in order to be reported at the next Q.C. to 



192 Thomas J)unckerley. 

be held on the 2nd day of February next, the Constitution 
of your Lodge will be withdrawn. 

" I am, 

" R. W. Master & Brethren, 
" Your most Obedient Servant & Brother, 

"J. H." 

This was apparently a case of " flogging a dead horse," 
no response being made to these appeals, and as no new mem- 
bers were registered after 1774, the lodge was probably 
defunct when the foregoing was written. It was erased on 
the 12th of April, 1780. 

"Salisbury, Nov. 9, 1783. 
" My Dear Friend Bro. & Comp n - 

" I have now the pleasure of enclosing the lists of 
the Lodges at Pool, Dorchester, and Weymouth, with the 
above Draught for 7. 3s., payable to our worthy Treasurer, 
who I hope has not sustain'd any loss by the late dreadful 
Fire. I beg to submit to your consideration that in the 
future forms of the lists to be return'd, a column may be 
appropriated to enter the Places (for the Lodges) where 
persons have been made, who afterwards become Members 
of other Lodges : & remarks, &c., may be enter'd at the 
bottom, or on the other side. I refer you to the list from 
Weymouth & hope it will meet with your approbation. I 
am to request you will do me the honour to acquaint our 
Royal Grand Master that I held a Provincial Grand Lodge 
(for Dorsetshire) at "Weymouth the 24th of last June A 
Procession was made to and from the Church, by a very 
respectable number of Brethren in that County, as will 
appear by the Lists. I also held a Provincial Grand Lodge 
at Pool, on the 12th of August, in honour of the Prince of 
Wales compleating His twenty-first year. We embark'd in 
three Sloops, preceded by the Dorsetshire Band, & din'd by 
the Castle belonging to Mr. Sturt (Member for the County), 



Freemasonry in Dorsetshire. 193 

where the flag was displayed, and a royal salute was made 
from the Battery, which we return'd with three times three. 
In the Evening grand fire-works were exhibited on our 
return to Pool. 

" N.B. The Mariners in the several Lists are Captains 
of Merchant Ships. 

" The Lodge of Science in this City have, with much 
reluctance, consented to my application for an acceptance of 
my resignation of the superintendancy of the County, in 
hopes no person will he appointed to succeed me, on the 
recommendation of the Sarum Lodge only. 

" I am therefore to desire you will make my request to 
the Duke of Cumberland that he will be pleas'd to accept 
my resignation of the Superintendancy of Dorsetshire and 
Wiltshire ; and that His Royal Highness will honour me 
with the appointment of Provincial Grand Master for Dorset- 
shire, Somersetshire, and Gloucestershire : being already the 
Grand Superintendent of Royal Arch Masonry in those 
Counties. I shall be very willing to resign Essex, when a 
proper Person can be found to succeed me. It will give me 
much pleasure to hear from you, & that the Draught gets 
safe to hand. My Wife unites with me in sincere regard to 

Mrs. H yourself & family. 

" Your Affectionate & obliged Bro. &c., 

"THOS. DUNCKERLEY." 

The Brethren whose names are appended hereto having 
been good enough to search the records of the Lodge and 
Chapter of Amity for references to Dunckerley, I have 
much pleasure in recording the result of their investigations. 

" Poole, June 24, 1780. 
" Provincial Grand Lodge for Dorsetshire. 
" Present 

Thomas Dunckerly, Esq P.G.M. 

Alexander Campbell, M.D D.P.G.M. 



194 Thomas Dunckerley. 

John Leer S.G.W. 

John Colbourn J.G.W. 

James Starke P.G.T. 

Bravell Friend P.G.S. 

Rev. George Marsh P.G.C, 

James Hamilton ... ... ... P.G.A. 

Joseph Rule P.G. Sword B. 

John Fricker ... ... ... 

Wm. Walker 

John Lester ... 

Wm. Lodder ... 

Michael Festing 

James Buckland ... p ft Stewards. 

Thos. Mercer ... ... ... | 

John Pitt 

George Oakley 

Rich. Gibhs 

Br. Adams 

Br. Blanchard 

Thomas Jeans, M.D. ...P.G.W. of Hampshire.* 

To Charity 110 

To the Hall 110 

TotheP.G.L. 2 12 6 

" The Dinner was held in the Town Hall, where Mirth, 
Good Humour, Jollity, & a Number of Excellent Good Songs 
Sung by Brother Thomas Dunckerley concluded the P.G.L. 
Memo. Att Dinner Fifty-six att 5s. each Tickett. 

PaidMusick 2 12 G 

Paid the Singers 110 

Parish Clerk 026 

Relieved Mary Pottle with 1 13s. Od. by voluntary 

subscription. 
" The AVarrant of the Chapter of Amity, dated the 26th 



Afterwards D.P.G.M. of Hampshire. H. S. 



Freemasonry in Dorsetshire. 195 

June, 1780, was signed by Thomas Dunckerley, Esq., who 
was present at a Chapter held on that day, and also at a 
Chapter held on the following day, at each of which there 
were three Exaltees. 

"August 12th, 1783. Lodge of Emergency. This 
Night The Right Worshipful Provincial Grand Master Bro. 
Dunkerly visited this Lodge, the day having been spent in 
grand order and decorum by the Brethren on the Water 
w th Bro. Dtmckerly in honour of the Prince of Wales's Birth- 
day, who came of age this day, & the ev g was concluded 
w th grand Fire Works by Bro. Ford. 

Visitor ... Bro. Van Dyke * . . . . 

" August 13th. Lodge of Emergency. . . . Bro. 
Rich'd. Allen & Bro. John Ackerman were Ballotted for 
and admitted, and were made E. Apprentices by the Rt. 
Worshipful Provincial Gd. Master, Bro. Dunkerley. 
Visitor ... ... ... Bro. Van Dyke. 

" 1783, Sept. 3. This night it was ordered that Bro. 
Garland be Repaid the money he has paid for the Rt. 
Worshipful Provincial Grand Master's Picture to Bro. Van 
Dyke ; also that a frame be provided for the picture & paid 
both by the Treasurer. 

" 1783, September 5. By Cash paid Br. Jos. Garland 
for the Deputy (sic) Grand Provincial, Br. Dunkerley's 
Picture 550 

" Dec. 3. By a new case for the Picture 3 6." 

We certify that the foregoing are true extracts from 
the Lodge of Amity Minute Book, and Treasurer's Cash 
Book, and the Chapter Minute Book. 

JOHN PAINTER, P.M. 749, 

Secretary Lodge Amity, 137, 
ALBERT TAYLOR, 

Scribe E. Chapter of Amity, 137. 
Poole, 4th October, 1889. 

* Philip Van Dvke, Limner, was initiated in the Caledonian Lodge, 
London, 1st Dec., 1777, and exalted in the Durnovarian Chapter, 
Dorchester, about 1783. H. S. o 2 



196 Thomas Dunckerley. 

The picture referred to has been carefully preserved by 
the Lodge of Amity, and now adorns the new Masonic Hall 
at Poole. Notwithstanding the very small amount of his 
remuneration, the artist appears to have taken considerable 
pains with his work ; and, speaking merely as an amateur, 
I should say the portrait possesses considerable merit. It 
represents the upper half of a gentlemanly-looking per- 
sonage of a somewhat florid countenance, cleanly shaven 
and rather expressive features, with very light brown eyes, 
which have a humorous twinkle. He is wearing a white 
Court wig of the period, and the dark blue collar and 
emblem of a Provincial Grand Master, over a bright red 
coat and light waistcoat. A Royal Arch jewel is suspended 
on his left breast. On the whole, he has the appearance of 
quite a gay young spark of certainly not more than sixty 
years. At first I was puzzled to account for the red coat, 
which seems a little oat of place on a retired naval officer, 
and I cannot help thinking that the picture would have 
been all the better had the garment in question been less 
conspicuous ; it may, however, have been a portion of the 
wearer's uniform, as an officer in the Hampshire Militia. 
It is the only original portrait of Dunckerley of which I 
have any knowledge.* 

This portrait was engraved by C. West, and published 
in 1786. Dunckerley refers to it in one of his letters to the 
Grand Secretary, and says " it is considered a good like- 
ness." At present I know of the existence of only two 
copies of this engraving ; one belonging to the Lodge of 
Unity at Ring wood, and the other at the Freemasons' Hall, 
Bristol. 

The portrait which forms the frontispiece of this volume 



* I have since learnt that there is a similar portrait in oil at the 
Freemasons' Hall, Bristol, probably painted by the same artist and at 
about the same period. II. S. 



Freemasonry in DwsetsJn're. 197 

was painted some years later, and published as an engraving 
in 1789. During the interval Dunckerley appears to have 
aged considerably, having had several attacks of illness, in 
consequence of which he looks much less robust than he 
does in his earlier portrait. 

"Hampton Court Palace, April 21st, 1785. 
" Dear Brother, 

" Cavil & Dissipation prevented my talking to you 
at the Quarterly Communication on real Masonry. You 
may remember I jockey'd Dermot out of Newfoundland by 
obtaining a Warrant for a Lodge at Placentia, it has pro- 
duced another petition for a Lodge at Harbour Grace on 
the Island, I rec'd it this morning under cover of a letter 
from my very worthy Deputy, Doctor Campbell of Pool. I 
beg you will get it executed (in the same neat manner as 
that for Gloucester) as soon as possible & send it (by the 
Pool Coach) to Alex. Campbell Esq., at that place, as the 
Ship that is to convey it is under sailing orders. Favour 
me with a line, when it is sent, & I will be Accountable to 
you for the 5. 15. 6. which will be paid to me when I visit 
Pool this Summer. The Certificate came safe to hand, for 
which you will also give me Credit 6s. 8d. 

" I had no opportunity when I saw you last of enquir- 
ing if you heard of the Captain concerning the letter sent to 
me from Bro. "VVebb for a Lodge on the Island of Dominica. 
I shall be glad to have a line from you in return that I may 
acquaint Bro. Campbell with the success of the Petition from 
Newfoundland. 

" Make my sincere regard Acceptable to Bro. Heseltine, 
serious Bro. Berkeley, &c. &c. 

" From y r - faithful & Affec. Brother. 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 

"N.B. I have paid 6s. for postage since y e last 
Accounts for Letters from Bristol, Essex, Bath, Pool, 



198 Thomas Dunclterley. 

Bridgewater & Dorchester. If the Accounts, of the last 
Quarterley Communication are printed before the 6th of 
next month, do me the favor to leave those for the Counties, 
under my care & also for Newfoundland with Bro. 
Berkeley as I propose (with God's permission) to attend 
the Grand Committee of Royal Arch Masons that day at 
his house. 

" William White, Esq." 

At this period the principal trade of the " Town and 
County of Poole" was with Newfoundland. This will 
account for Dunckerley's frequent visits to the port, and his 
success in propagating Masonry in North America, while 
his jovial disposition and nautical experience will readily 
explain his personal popularity in the neighbourhood, the 
residents being all more or less interested in seafaring 
matters. 

He continued in the offices of Prov. Grand Master and 
Grand Superintendent of the Royal Arch for Dorset until 
his decease in 1795.* 

MEMORIALS OF FREEMASONRY IN 
GLOUCESTERSHIRE. 

Although Dunckerley was not the first Grand Master 
for Gloucestershire, as was the case in most of his other 
provinces, he was the second appointed to that office. His 
predecessor seems to have been one of the " more-ornamental- 
than-useful" sort, a merely nominal head of the Craft in the 
county, selected probably from motives of friendship, rather 
than for any special qualifications for the post. In 1753, 
Lord Carysfort, then Grand Master, appointed Sir Robert 
de Cornwall, " Provincial Grand Master for the counties of 
Worcester, Gloucester, Salop, Monmouth, and Hereford.'* 

* Further references to Freemasonry in Dorset, will be found in 
" Miscellaneous Letters, etc." See Index, H, S. 



Freemasonry in Grloucesttrshire. 199 

With the exception of having attended a meeting of the 
Grand Lodge when his patron was present, the records throw 
no light on whatever services he may have rendered to tho 
Craft to merit this great distinction. The Book of Constitu- 
tions, published in 1767, contains a list of all the Provincial 
Grand Masters that had been appointed since the office was 
created (1726). 

This list was revised in 1769 with a view of printing the 
names of such as were still in existence, with the List of 
Lodges for 1770. 

Those who had not already been superseded were accord- 
ingly written to by the Grand Secretary, to ascertain 
whether they were dead or alive. He apparently acted 
under instructions, for against the name of Sir Robert de 
Cornwall is written " Take no notice of him." 

It is not therefore a matter of surprise that the name of 
this highly favoured brother should not be found in "A 
List of the present acting Provincial Grand Masters " 
for 1770 ; nor does it appear in any subsequent list. His 
successor, Dunckerley, was appointed by the Duke of 
Cumberland on the 3rd of May, 1784, and doubtless soon 
made his presence felt in the province, for at the first meet- 
ing of Grand Lodge after his appointment, he paid in on 
behalf of his new constituents the following contributions, 
viz., No. 253, Union Lodge, Rising Sun, Bristol, 2 2s. 
No. 359, Lodge of Jehosaphat, White Hart, Bristol, 2 2s. 
No. 445, Sea Captains' Lodge, Three Tuns, Bristol, 
3 12s. The first named lodge had been erased on the 
previous 7th of April, but was reinstated at this meeting, 
probably at Dunckerley's request ; it was finally erased in 
1838. No. 359 was erased in 1809 ; No. 415 united with 
No. 296 in 1788, now the Royal Sussex Lodge of 
Hospitality No. 187. At the same meeting the Temple 
Lodge No. 395 at the Bath Chair, on the Quay, Bristol, 
was erased, having "ceased to meet for a considerable time." 



200 Thomas Dunclcerleij. 

Having commenced operations in his usual manner by 
clearing away the dead, and reanimating the languid, his 
next step was to infuse new Wood into the Order. His 
first efforts in this direction were eminently successful, 
resulting in the formation of a highly respectable lodge 
which remained on the list until 1851. A second lodge 
was constituted by him a few months later which had but a 
brief existence (the Temple Lodge No. 472), being erased 
in 1791. The following letter refers to the first of the two 
lodges last mentioned : 

"Hampton Court Palace, Feb. 1st, 1785. 
" Dear Brother, 

" I must beg you will get a Warrant engross' d for 
the Royal Gloucester Lodge, to be held at the Bell Inn, in 
the city of Gloucester Bro. John Phillpotts Master Thos. 
Woore, Sen. "Warden and Charles Elmes, Jun. Warden. To 
be dated Hampton Court Palace, Jan. 10th, 1785 (the date of 
the Dispensation which I have granted them for holding the 
said Lodge. I hope it will be well wrote, & a proper 
margin left for frame & glass. You will let me have it as 
soon as convenient, to be sign'd & forwarded to my Deputy 
& Secretary at Bristol. It should not be folded, but rolPd 
on a small roller. Be assur'd of my sincere regard 
& present my most respectful Greeting to the Grand Lodge 
assembled in Quarterly Communication. It gives me much 
pleasure that I have constituted two Lodges in honour of 
the Dukes of Gloucester and Cumberland.* 

" I beg to have the printed Accounts of your Proceedings 
to-morrow (as early as convenient) for all the Lodges under 
my care, in a parcel by the Hampton Court Coach. 
" Your Affect. Brother & faithful Servant, 

" THOS. DlJNCKERLEY. 

"William White, Esq." 

* The Koyal Cumberland Lodge No. 458, Bath. H. S. 



Freemasonry in Gloucestershire. 201 

From " The History of the Eoyal Gloucester Lodge 
By Thos. Taynton, P.M., 839 P.P.S.G.W," we learn that 
this lodge was duly constituted by Dunckerley in person on 
the 20th of June 1785, and that a few months later he 
brought to the notice of the members the subject of the 
" Hall Fund." After mature deliberation the lodge voted 
the usual 25 f to be repaid by instalments, the amount 
being paid in by Dunckerley and duly acknowledged in the 
Grand Lodge proceedings of November 23rd, 1 785. The adage 
" A Mason's Charity should know no bounds save those of 
Prudence" seems to have been fully exemplified in this 
lodge. Several very liberal donations were given to the 
Gloucester Infirmary, and in 1788 it was resolved that the 
lodge should subscribe three guineas annually to that 
Institution. 

The line, however appears to have been r drawn at 
Lunatic Asylums, for in 1793 the governors of the Infirmary 
appealed to the lodge for " subscriptions towards the erection 
of a Lunatic Asylum, but the application was, on a ballot at 
a subsequent meeting, rejected."* In 1786, at the request 
of Dunckerley, Bristol was made a Masonic Province, 
independent of Gloucestershire, thus enabling him to appoint 
all the Provincial Grand Officers for the latter county from 
the Royal Gloucester Lodge, there being no other lodge in 
the new province at this period. 

In 1798 the members evinced their loyalty and patriot- 
ism by voting "10 Guineas to the present Exigencies of 
the Government," the said government being then in very 
straitened circumstances. A fierce rebellion was in active 
operation in Ireland, and a French invasion being considered 
imminent, a public subscription had been set on foot for the 
purpose of aiding in the defence of the Country. 

* Surely nothing personal could have been meant by the applicants? 
Some people are so sensitive. H. S. 



202 Thomas Dunckcrley. 

" Hampton Court Palace, 

" Oct. 9th, 1785. 
" Dear Brother, 

" I have this Moment received a Draught at one 
Month Date from the Royal Gloucester Lodge, No. 462, as a 
Loan to the Hall ; I must beg you will send them a Medal 
addressed to Mr. Ware, Hatter & Hosier, Gloucester. I 
hope it will not be too late to be inserted in the Calendar. 

" On the 29th Ultimo I wrote in return to your Melan- 
cholly letter of the 27th, & desir'd you would send the 
Bath Medal to Bro. Attwood of that Place. 

" If I recollect right a general Dispensation may be had 
for 10s. 6d. pr. Annum to the Hall Fund for making a 
Mason under age (in case of necessity), or more than 5 at 
one time. I beg to hear from you in return (with the said 
Dispensation) as I have 8 to make the 19th Inst. (when I 
hope to see you) & one is not quite of Age.* 

" Your Aifec. & Zealous Brother, 

" TEGS. DlJNCKERLEY. 

" Are Registering Fees expected for Tylers, or Servants 

who are made Gratis ? Mrs. D desires me to tell you 

that we have a bed at your Service, & desires you will bring 
Sister White with you. 
" William White, Esq." 

Bristol Gazette, June 29th, 1786. 

THEATRE ROYAL BRISTOL. 

At the particular request of Thomas Dunckerley Esq., 
Prov. G.M. and by the particular desire of the City and 
County, and of the several Lodges in this City of the most 
ancient and honourable Society of Free and Accepted 
Masons. 



*This refers to the Lodge of Harmony, Hampton Court, see pagct28. 

II. S. 



Freemasonry in Gloucestershire. 203 

For the Benefit of Brother Floor, Prompter ; 
On Friday next the 30th of June, 1786, will be 
delivered a Masonic Oration. By Brother Murray. To 
conclude \vith an Ode, the Music composed by Mr. Boyton. 
The different lodges will be on the Stage in their proper 
Cloathing, while the Oration and Ode are performing. 
After which will be performed, a Comedy called 

" The School for Wives." 
(Here follow the names of the performers) . 
To which will be added a Musical Entertainment of two 

Acts, called, " The Son in Law." 
To begin precisely at half past Six o'clock. 

CEREMONY OF LAYING THE FOUNDATION STONE OF ST. 
PAUL'S CHURCH, BRISTOL. 

From " The Freemasons' Magazine" August, 1794. 

"On Monday, August 17, 1789, being the birthday 
of his Royal Highness the Duke of York, the Most Ancient 
and Honourable Society of Free and Accepted Masons 
resident in Bristol, with a great number of visiting brethren, 
met Thomas Dunckerley, Esq., their P.Gr. Master, at the 
Merchant Taylors' Hall ; from whence they went in pro- 
cession (preceded by a band of music) to Portland Square, 
in order to lay the North-east corner-stone of St. Paul's 
Church. The stone being raised up by means of an engine 
for that purpose, the P.Gr. Master placed under it a plate 
with a suitable inscription, and various sorts of coins and 
medals, the stone was then let down into its place and 
properly fixed, and the P.Gr. Master gave three strokes with 
his Hiram upon which the Gr. Chaplain implored a blessing 
upon such a pious and laudable undertaking. The P.G. 
Master then delivered over to the architect the various 
implements of architecture, with instructions and directions 
how to proceed in the work with which he is entrusted. 



204 Thomas Dunckerky. 

After which the following lines were sung to the tune 
of " Rule Britannia." 

To Heaven's high ARCHITECT all praise, 

All praise and gratitude be giv'n, 

Who deign'd the human soul to raise, 

By mystic secrets sprung from Heav'n 
Sound! sound aloud! the Great JEHOVAH'S praise, 
To him the dome, the temple raise. 

" The innumerable spectators testified their approbation 
by loud and repeated joyful acclamations. This sacred and 
solemn ceremony ended with a blessing from the G. 
Chaplain. The Brethren then proceeded to St. James's 
Church, where the service was read by the Rev. D. Horndon 
.A.M., and a sermon from the 13th Chap, of I. Cor. 2 & 3 
ver., was preached by the G. Chaplain, the Rev. Brother 
Joseph Atwell Small, D.D. minister of the Church. During 
the service a Masonic hymn and an hymn upon his Majesty's 
happy recovery (written by the P.G. Master), were sung 
by the choir. The Fraternity then returned to the Merchant 
Taylors' Hall, where a sumptuous and elegant dinner was 
provided by Brother Weeks of the Bush Tavern.' 55 ' The 
greatest harmony, good humour, and brotherly love prevailed, 
and the Brethren departed at an early hour, not without 
uniting in the grand design of being happy themselves, 
and of communicating happiness to others."f 

MEMORIALS OF FREEMASONRY IN SOMERSET. 

Dunckerley is first mentioned in connection with Somerset 
in the Grand Lodge Minutes, the 17th of November, 1784; 
when " The Grand Secretary having read some Letters and 
Accounts which he had received from Thomas Dunckerley 
Esq., Provincial Grand Master for Dorsetshire, Essex, 

* From which place a, donation of 20 Guineas was sent to a 
widow in great distress. 

t For further references to Gloucestershire, see Index. H. S. 



Freemasonry in Somerset. 205 

Gloucestershire & Somersetshire, whereby it appeared that 
owing to his Zeal and Assiduity among the Lodges under 
his care he had collected and remitted large sums of money 
for the Charity and Hall Funds. Upon which a Motion 
was made by Brother J. Heseltine, Esq. That the thanks 
of this Grand Lodge be given to Thomas Dunckerley, Esq. 
. . . . for his great attention to, and active endeavours 
in promoting the prosperity and good Order of the Lodges 
under his immediate inspection and in general for his long and 
zealous services on all occasions exerted for the Interest of 
the Society, which being duly seconded, passed Unanimously 
in the Affirmative." 

At this meeting various sums of money were received 
from Dunckerley, on behalf of ten different lodges, three 
out of the number being held in Bath, viz., No. 39, Private 
Room, Queen Square, 2. ]7s. Gd. No. 230, Lodge of 
Pei feet Friendship, While Hart 4. 16s. and No. 458, 
Royal Cumberland Lodge, Bear Inn, 4. 4s. One of the 
letteis read by the Grand Secretary furnishes the date of 
Dunckerley's appointment for Somerset. This letter is dated 
the 3rd of November, 1784, and in it he says, " It is six months 
this day since I had the honour of being appointed Prov. G. 
Master for y e counties of Dorset, Essex, Gloucester & 
Somerset." It would thus appear that his formal appoint- 
ment as head of the Province of Somerset was made on 
the 3rd of May, 1784. The following letter will show that 
this new honour was not of his own seeking, but was, in a 
measure thrust upon him. 

"Lodge of Virtue, No. 291. 

" Bath, 6th Feb., 1783. 
" Hon' 1 Brother, 

" Last Monday being our regular Lodge Night. I 
laid the Letter of the proceedings of the Grand Lodge of 
Emergency, 8th Jan. 1783, before the brethren when a 



206 Thomas Duncktrley. 

Subscription of Twenty-five pounds was agreed on towards 
the hall debt (if the Subscription is not yet full of which 
we beg the favour of your Immediate answer) to make the 
remittance directly and the fees for our Members made since 
our Letter of the 6th of Feb. 1782. 

" We beg leave to inform the Grand Lodge we should 
be happy in having a provincial Grand Master appointed 
for this County ; we have petitioned our most worthy Bro. 
Thos. Dunckerley, Esq. to accept that office ; he informs us 
the Grand Lodge will not permit him to preside over any 
more provinces than what he already holds. We should 
esteem it a particular favour of the Grand Lodge to nomi- 
nate a Gentleman for us who lives in or near this County. 
And beg humbly to submit to the Grand Lodge the fol- 
lowing proposal : That a Plate for Certificates be engraved 
under the direction of the Grand Lodge to be used by all 
Lodges, with proper blanks for what may be necessary, and 
rendred to the Lodges at what price the Grand Lodge 
think proper and to make a Law that none but the above 
Certificates be used in future as we think it will be an 
advantage to the Grand Lodge and prevent Counterfeits. 

" I am Sir, with due respect your most affectionate 
Brother. 

"HENRY YOUKGLASS, M." 

Extract from a letter written by the Grand Secretary 
in reply to the foregoing. 

" 28th Feb. 1783. 

" In consequence of the desire intimated 

of having Bro. Dunckerley appointed Prov. G.M. for your 
County our worthy Bro. Heseltine has wrote to him to know 
if he will accept of it (in which case another Gentleman will 
be appointed for Wiltshire) and as soon as we have an 
answer you shall be informed of it. You certainly could 
not have thought of a more worthy or better Mason than 



Freemasonry in Somerset. 207 

Bro. Dunckerley nor of one that is more zealous to promote 
the interest of the Craft. 

" The idea you mention of having a General form for 
Certificates to be used by all the Lodges has a great deal 
of Merit in it & you may depend shall be brought forward 
for consideration." 

Dunckerley's character and qualifications were probably 
well known to the fraternity in Bath at this period, and I 
infer from certain indications of activity among the Som- 
erset brethren in 1783 that with his usual energy, he had 
made a tour of inspection of the various lodges immediately 
after he was asked to take charge of the Province. First 
we have the 25 to the " Hall Loan " from the Lodge of 
Virtue, doubtless voted at his suggestion ; on the 9th of 
April the St. George's Lodge, Taunton, was erased, "having 
ceased to meet, or conform to the Laws." No. 212 Bridge- 
water met with a similar fate on the 19th of November, 
but was reinstated on the IHh of February 1781, on a 
promise of better behaviour, and on the 7th of April fol- 
lowing, No. 357 Taunton was struck off the List. 

From " Revelations of a Square," by Dr. Oliver. 

" At a Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons called the 
Royal Cumberland Lodge, held at the Bear Inn, in the 
city of Bath, on Wednesday the llth day of August, 1784, 
pursuant to a Warrant of Dispensation for that purpose, 
under the hand and seal of Thomas Dunckerley, Esq., Pro- 
vincial Grand Master for the counties of Essex, Gloucester, 
Dorset and Somerset, bearing date the 7th day of August, 
1784. The following brethren were assembled : 

Brother Thomas Dunckerley, P.G.M., M. pro torn. 

William Street, S.W., pro tern. 

Milborne West, J.W., pro tern. 

Thomas West, T., pro tern. 

Harry Atwood, j ^^ Q the ^ Lod 

Philip George, ) 



208 Thomas Duncktrley. 

Brother John Smith, P.G. Secretary, . 
Thomas Woolley, P.G. Steward, ) 
Peter Appleby, P.G. Steward, ( Viators. 
William Birchall, 

" A Lodge of the first degree was opened in due form, 
and it was proposed and unanimously agreed that Charles 
Phillott, of the said city of Bath, Banker, be made a Mason, 
He was called in ; received the first degree, and the Lodge 
was then closed. After which a Lodge of the second degree 
was opened, when our Brother Charles Phillott was passed, 
and the Lodge closed." 

Extract from the " Bath Chronicle," August 18th, 1784. 

" Thursday (in honour of the birthday of His Royal 
Highness the Prince of Wales), Thos. Dunckerley, Esq. 
held at the White Hart in this City, a Provincial Grand 
Lodge for Somersetshire, of the most ^antient & honourable 
Society of Free & Accepted Masons. And on Monday, 
in honour of the birthday of His Royal Highness the Bishop 
of Osnaburgh, he also held at the Bush Tavern in Bristol, 
a Provincial Grand Lodge for that City and the County of 
Gloucester. The appearance of the Fraternity in compli- 
ment to the heir apparent and his royal Brother was very 
numerous and respectable, and the Entertainment truly 
elegant. Each day was spent with that social harmony and 
convivial happiness which has ever characterised the Brother- 
hood, and was indeed ' the feast of reason and the flow of 
soul.' " 

I am indebted to Bro. John Gard, P.P. J.G.W., Bristol 
for the following : 

" In an old minute book of the ' Sea Captains' Lodge,' 
No. 445, under date August 19th, 1784, is the following entry: 
" Thomas Dunckerley, Esq., Prov. G. Master for the Counties 
of Somerset, Dorset, Gloucester & Essex by virtue of his 
authority did hold a Provincial Grand Lodge at the White 



Freemasonry in Somerset. 209 

Hart Inn, State Street, Bath for the county of Somerset, at 
which agreeably to invitation sent the R.W. Master and 
major part of the Lodge were present, and on Monday 
16th Aug., a P.Gr. Lodge was held at the Bush Tavern by 
the aforesaid Thomas Dunckerley. Bro. Hopkins R.W. 
Master of the Beaufort Lodge held at the Shakespeare, 
Prince Street, in the City of Bristol P.Gr. Treasurer, Bro. 
Hawkins R.W. Master of this Lodge P.G-. Sec., but Bro. 
Hawkins intending to go to sea Bro. Lewis was appointed 
in his place ; Bro. Springer P.Gr. Senior Warden ; Bro. 
Maddick R.W. Master of Jehoshaphat Lodge held at the 
White Hart, Broad Street in the City of Bristol, Bro. 
Vaughan . . . (erasures) . . . Bro. McCarthy, 
Bro. Wasborough, Bro. Maillard, Bro. Walters & Bro. 
Shortbridge of the Beaufort & Bro. Trotman of the Jehosh- 
aphat Lodge P.Gr. Stewards, &c." 

Under date December 12th, 1784, "At a meeting of the 
under-mentioned Lodges held here this evening it was agreed 
that the Brethren of the said Lodges meet at the Bush 
Tavern on Monday morning next at half-past 7 o'clock in 
order to proceed in procession to Bath, there to attend Divine 
Service and dine with Thomas Dunckerley, Esq. to celebrate 
the Festival of St. John the Evangelist." Then follow the 
names of " Beaufort " members (3) ; " Jehoshaphat " (3) ; 
" Temple" (3) ; " Union " (1) ; " Hospitality " (1) ; "Sea 
Captains '' (9). 

" N.B. On Monday morning the 27th inst. as before 
mentioned, set off in chaises for Bath where the day was 
spent in perfect harmony." 

"Bath, August 21st, 1784. 
" Dear Brother, 

' ' I have the pleasure to send you another Draught 
for Twenty -Jive Pounds lent to the Hall Fund by the Rev- 
erend Edmund Gardiner of Charles Street in this City, & I 
hope it will be with you in time to be inserted in the Calendar 

p 



210 Thomas Dunckerley. 

for 1785. You will send Bro. Gardiner's medal to the 
above address. I go to Dorchester to-morrow, where a line 
from you (acknowledging the receipt of draught) will find 
rne. Pray acquaint Bro. White that every Lodge in Bristol 
is in Gloucestershire, & I beg it may be so inserted in the 
new Calendar. 

"I shall be able (according to the promises I have 
received) to give him the correct state of all the Lodges 
under my care in October & hope in addition to what is 
already done to send near 30 for the Charity & Hall 
Funds from y e several Lodges. 

" Yours seriously & sincerely, 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 
" Rowland Berkley, Esq. 

" Yery bad pen & ink." 

" Bath, August 22nd, 1784. 
" Dear Brother, 

" Yesterday I address'd a Letter to you covering a 
Draught of 25 for the Rev. Edmund Gardiner, lent to the 
Hall Fund. I have now the additional pleasure to send 
you another Draught for 25 from Charles Phillot, Esq., 
Banker in this City, for the like purpose. The receipt 
of said Draughts you will acknowledge in a line to me at 
Dorchester. 

The Three Medals may make one parcel and be sent to 
Br. West in Trim Street, Bath. 

" Yours most sincerely & seriously, 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 
" Rowland Berkley, Esq." 

"October 21st, 1784. 
" My Dear Friend & Brother, 

" William Street, Esq., Banker, at Bath (my 
Worshipful Deputy for Somersetshire) desires to assist the 
Hall Fund, with a Loan of 25, for which I send you his 
Draught, the receipt of which you will do me the favour to 
acknowledge by return of Post. 



Freemasonry in Somerset. 211 

" Bros. West, Phillot, & Gardiner ; urge me to desire 
you will send their Medals : and as there is nothing more to 
do than engraving their Names, I must beg that Bro. 
Street's may be sent with them, addressed to Bro. West, 
Trim Street, Bath. I was favoured with Bro. White's last 
letter, pray tell him that if any gentleman offers to be Pro- 
vincial Grand Master for Kent, I shall hope (for the good of the 
Hall Fund) he will be appointed : but if no such application 
is made I am very ready to comply with the request of the 
Brethren & take the County under my care 'til such an 
Offer is made. My hearty Greeting to all my serious 
Brethren (among whom place yourself) & believe me Your 
Zealous Bro. & Affect. Friend, 

"TnOS. DUNCKERLEY. 

" Rowland Berkley, Esq." 

" GRAND LODGE REPORT, 7th April, 1802. 

" Charles Phillot, of Bath, Esq., and Thomas West, 
of Bath, Esq., having declared their intention of giving up 
the remainder of their Subscription to the Hall-Loan, and 
requested the Society to accept the same, it was thereupon 
" RESOLVED UNANIMOUSLY, 

" That the Thanks of the Grand Lodge be given to 
Charles Phillot, Esq., and Thomas West, Esq., for their 
liberal and generous Present." 

Newspaper cutting enclosed with a letter from Dunckerley 
to the Grand Secretary. 

"BATH, Dec. 30 [1784]. Monday last the Antient and 
Honourable Society of Free-Masons of this County met their 
Provincial Grand Master, Thomas Dunkerley, Esq. at the 
Bear Inn, to celebrate the Anniversary of their Patron St. 
John the Evangelist ; from whence they proceeded, accom- 
panied by a band of music, to attend divine service at the 
Abbey church ; where an excellent sermon was delivered by 

the Rev. Brother Dart, from Micah vi. 8 ; in which he con- 

p2 



212 Thomas Dunckerley. 

vinced a most numerous congregation, that Free-Masonry 
was founded on the divine principle of " acting justly, loving 
"mercy, and walking humbly with our God." A Masonic 
Hymn, the production of the Provincial Grand Master, was 
delightfully sung by the Choir of St. James's. From church 
they as they returned came in regular procession to the 
Bear, where an elegant entertainment was provided, and 
where the remaining part of the day was spent with that 
festivity, harmony, and fraternal affection, which has ever 
peculiarly characterised this Society. Nor was that benign 
guest Charity absent ; several petitions from distressed 
Brethren being read, their claims were attended to, and 
their wants amply relieved. 

"Redbridge, January 3rd, 1785. 
" Dear Sir, 

"On my return from Bath I have receiv'd your 
favour respecting the Provincialship for Kent I cannot 
prevail with myself to attend to a meeting of the Lodges at 
Maidstone; having but just finish'd a journey of 120 miles 
over Ice & Snow, to discharge my duty in Somersetshire. 
If the Kentish Lodges apply to the G. Master for me to be 
appointed for that County, I am ready to oblige them, but 
cannot canvass for their Votes & Interest. I hope (with 
God's permission) to be at Hampton Court next Saturday, 
where I shall be glad to hear from you. I have receiv'd the 
Accounts of the last Quarterly Communication, & am sorry 
you did not receive my letter from this place, desiring they 
might be addressed to me at the White Hart, Bath. 
" I was met at that place by 120 Brethren. 

" Your Affect. Bro. & Servant, 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 

" I shall be obliged to you, if you will write to Mr. 
Gillman, as you propos'd let him call a meeting. Send 
him my letter, but tell him there is no necessity for my 
attendance, 

" William White, Esq." " T. D. 



Freemasonry in Somerset. 213 

" Hampton Court Palace, Nov. 26th, 1785. 
" Dear Sir, 

"I most sincerely thank you for your favour of 
yesterday. Not a man in the Society can have a more 
grateful regard for Bro Heseltine nor honour him more for 
his continual service & the zeal he has shown, at a critical 
time, by accepting the Office of Grand Treasurer. I have 
at the request of the Lodges No. 39 & 458 permitted them 
to consolidate & take the Name of the latter & remove 
to the Bear Inn : by the Members of the R. Cumberland 
Lodge becoming Members of No. 39 in the same Manner as 
the Somerset House Lodge united with No. 2. I am there- 
fore to desire the Loan to the Hall may be thus inserted, 
' No. 39 Bear Inn, Bath, Royal Cumberland Lodge 25 : ' 
& of course they may eraze No. 458 from the Medal & en- 
grave 39. It will be a satisfaction to the Lodges under my 
care to see Asterisks put to the respective sums I have paid 
to the Charity & Hall, & I shall be obliged to Bro. Heseltine 
to cause to be inserted. ' On all business respecting Masonry 
write to your Provincial Grand Master (post paid) ' &c. &c. 
" I have acquainted Bro. Vandyke with your kind offer, 
& directed him to send you Proposals immediately, shall be 
obliged to Bro. Heseltine if he will insert a Note in the 
Accounts of the Quarterly Communication respecting the 
said proposal. I should have sent this letter last Saturday, 
but that I expected the Calendars. "When you send them, 
favour me with a line expressing your intention to insert 
' R. Cumberland Lodge Bear Inn, Bath No. 39 (not 458) 
25, Loan to the Hall Charity, 1. Is. Od., registering Fee, 
0. 5s. Od.' That I may acquaint them it will be done : & 
of course they may alter the Number of the Medal to 39. 
If the Calendars should be sent before you receive this, 
favour me with a line by the Post. Mrs. Dunckerley de- 
sires to unite with me in sincere regard, & am, 
" Y r - Affect. Brother, 
" William White, Esq." " THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 



214 Thomas Dunckerley. 

The proposal of Bro. Vandyke referred to in the fore- 
going related to the engraving of Dunckerley's portrait 
which he had recently painted. 

" An Ahridged History of The Royal Cumberland Lodge, 
No. 41," by Thomas Payne Ashley, P.P.J.G. Warden of 
Somerset, contains the intelligence that as far back as 1767, 
Dunckerley was a frequent visitor at the old lodge, No. 39, 
and that he was elected an Honorary Member of it. It 
was probably at his suggestion that the two lodges amalga- 
mated. 

The history referred to contains much valuable informa- 
tion relating to this justly celebrated lodge, one of the very 
few old lodges now remaining that works under its original 
Charter, and having records reaching back into the early 
part of the last century certainly to the year 1732 ; and 
in all probability it was in existence prior to its constitution 
as a regular lodge. 

What a boon it would be to the Students of Masonic 
history if the whole of these interesting records could be 
printed and put in circulation ! In this instance the com- 
piler has given us only sufficient to make us wish for more. 
We must, however, be grateful even for small favours. 

Bristol Gazette, June 15th, 1786. 

"Bath, June 7. On Monday last, in honour of his 
Majesty's birthday, Thomas Dunkerley, Esq., held a Pro- 
vincial Grand Lodge for this county at the Assembly Room 
in Wells. The appearance of the fraternity on this occasion 
was most numerous and respectable indeed. 

" The procession to St. Cuthbert's Church, preceded by 
a band of wind music, was regular and splendid. Prayers 
were read by the Rev. Brother Foster, and a masonic ser- 
mon preached by the Rev. Brother Gardiner from 1st Cor. 
1, 8. The choir from the Cathedral attended, and sung the 
Provincial Grand Master's hymn. The procession returned 



Freemasonry in Somerset. 215 

to the Assembly Room, where the Masonic Ode was per- 
formed, and an excellent charge given by Brother Dunkerley. 
An excellent dinner in every respect was provided by 
Brother Bacon ; many masonic and loyal toasts were given, 
and the day concluded in harmony ; it was indeed so well 
and so chearfully conducted through the whole that all were 
happy in the lodge, and many poor and infirm brothers out 
of it, rendered so by donations." 

" Hampton Court Palace, 

" Nov. 16th, 1786. 
" Dear Brother, 

" I have this morning receiv'd the enclosed from 
Bro. Meyler ; and as it is my duty to pay every attention 
to applications from the several Lodges under my care, I 
beg the following notice may be given in the next printed 
Accounts of the Quarterly Communication. ' That a Person 
travelling by the name of Clark, who some time since kept 
a Tavern in London, having fraudulently obtained money 
from the Lodge at Wells ; Notice of the same is given to 
prevent farther imposition : and whereas several Persons 
disguised like Turks, who pretend they were made Prisoners 
in attempting to relieve Gibraltar, have imposed on Lodges 
at Bristol & Bath ; notice of the same is hereby given that 
such itinerant Mendicants may be detected.' Please to 
make the above motion (in my name) to the Committee of 
Charity, to whom I beg you will present my most respectful 
Greeting. 

"I sent you a Bank Post Bill (for 60) yesterday, 
which I hope got safe to hand. I beg your Assistant 
Clerk may not send any more letters to the Lodges in the 
Counties I have the honour to Superintend. It will save 
him the trouble of writing 90 letters in a year. 

" If you can favour me with a line by Saturday's Post, 
it would give me pleasure to know that the motion on the 
other side meets with their approbation. 



216 TJwmas Dunckerley. 

11 At the same time, you will return me the enclosed 
from the Provincial Grand Secretary for Somersetshire. 
"Madam unites with me in sincere regard to Sister 

White & yourself, & am 

" Your faithful Brother, &c., 
" William White, Esq." " THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 

" Hampton Court Palace, 
" Dear Sir, Feb. 1st, 1792. 

" I have received from the Lodge No. 212 at 
Bridgwater a list of their Members, which, with list from 
Hampton Court, shall be left at Free Masons' Tavern next 
Friday, address'd to you. I rec'd a Draught from No. 212, 
value 3. 18s. 6d., which I did intend to have sent by the 
same Conveyance, but think it safer to send you a Draught 
on Mr. Coutts for the balance due to the Grand Lodge ; the 
receipt of which you will do me the favour to acknowledge. 
" Your Affect. Brother, 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 

"P.S. When the accounts of Quarterly Communications 
are publish'd, I am to request that six or eight may be sent to 
me, that I may be able to inform my Deputies of the state 
of the Society : at the same time, if you find any of the 
Lodges remiss in their Contributions which may have 
escap'd my notice ; give me the hint, and I will admonish 
them. But by the Cash, &c., being sent to you, a consider- 
able Expense of Postage will be sav'd to the Grand Lodge ; 
and as it is probable that I may very soon leave this World, 
my Widow will not be Embarrassed with the Accounts of 
the Grand Lodge, to whom I beg you will present my 
affect, regard. 
" William White, Esq." " THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 

Probably this was Dunckerley's last remittance to the 
Grand Secretary on behalf of his constituents in Somerset. 
The handwriting of the letter evinces considerable shakiness. 



Freemasonry in Somerset. 217 

" Frome, Oct. 28th, 1795. 
" Dear Sir, 

" Inclos'd I have sent you a list of the persons I 
have made in the Royal Clarence Lodge since my last 
return to you; the amount of the Regestering fees is 
2. 10s. Od. One Guinea we have also sent towards the 
general Charity, and one shilling to have the night of our 
meeting inserted in the Free Masons' Calendar, which is 
Monday nearest the Full Moon; the whole inclos'd is 
3. 12s. Od., which I hope you'll receive safe. I have given 
an order on the Postmaster of Portsmouth, who will pay it 
to your order on demand. 

" I hope your health is better then it ware, when I had 
the honor to hear from you last ; I hope soon to make the 
R. C. Lodge the most respectful in the West of England, 
as I have hints given me that I shall shortly have many 
respectful caracters and even Nohlemen to Make ; it is my 
greatest pleasure to see Masonry flourish, hut more particu- 
larly the Lodge to which I have the honor to be the Master, 
under that P.G. Master for which I have the greatest 
Affection & most profound respect, and the honor to sub- 
scribe myself his truly and most Faithful Brother and very 
Humble Servant, " T. JONES." 

The writer of the foregoing was the first Junior Warden 
of the Royal Clarence Lodge, which was constituted by 
Dunckerley in 1790 as No. 560, at the George Inn, Frome. 
It was erased from the list in 1838. Doubtless this was 
the last communication made to Dunckerley from the Pro- 
vince of Somerset. The writer seems to have been of a 
somewhat sanguine temperament. The Grand Lodge 
Register shows that his hopes as to the " many respectful 
caracters " joining the lodge were in a measure realised, but 
the expected " Noblemen " do not appear to have " turned 
up." 



218 Thomas Duncl'erley. 

" Sir & Brother, 

" It having been intimated to me that several respect- 
able persons in this town and neighbourhood are desirous of 
becoming Masons, if they can be made in a provincial Grand 
Lodge, I beg leave to address you on the subject. 

" Before the Death of Brother Dunckerley (whose loss 
we much lament, and whose memory we revere) it was 
proposed to him to appoint our right Worshipful Master 
Bro. Jones (who has already served the Office of Pro- 
vincial Grand Warden) Deputy Prov. Grand Master for this 
County, to enable him to hold a Grand Lodge ; which he 
was pleased to approve, & would have accomplished if he 
had not died so soon. If this can be now done, I doubt not 
but it would add many very respectable Members to y e Society 
at large, & to our Lodge in particular ; & I need say no 
more of Bro. Jones than that his Character as a Man, and 
a Mason, & his peculiar zeal for the Cause, raises him high 
in the Estimation of all Brothers & entitles him to general 
esteem. 

"As I have not yet learnt who is to succeed Bro. 
Dunckerley I shall be obliged to you to inform me ; & also 
to say if it is possible to obtain a Deputation to accomplish 
our design. 

" If any other plan should occur to you will you favour 
me with your sentiments thereon by a line at your first 
leisure ? 

" I am, Sir, Your affectionate Brother 

" (in Masonry) 
" Pilly Hill, near Frome, " CHAS. BAYLY. 

" Dec. 24th, 1795. 
" To Win. White, Esq." 

Dunckerley's successor in Somerset was John Smith, 
Esq., M.P., who had filled the office of Provincial Grand 
Master for the County prior to Dunckerley's appointment. 



Freemasonry in Wiltshire. 219 

MEMORIALS OF FREEMASONRY IN 
WILTSHIRE. 

It would seem from the following that Dunckerley had 
taken an active part in masonic affairs in Wiltshire several 
years before he was appointed to preside over the province. 

" Marlborough, 24th Sept., 1768. 
" Dear Sir, 

" Last night while the Lodge was open I received 
your very polite, friendly and obliging Letter, which I read 
to the Brethren ; they unanimously ordered Two Guineas for 
the General Fund of Charity ; which (if I should not be in 
town by the twenty -eighth of next month) I beg you will 
pay on my account. 

" To Mr. Dillon, the Grand Officers, and the board of 
Stewards, be pleased to make my sincere Respects, and to all 
who do me the honour of an enquiry. 

" I am, Dear Sir, Your Faithfull friend 
" And affect. Brother, 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 
"To Brother French, G.S." 

A CHARGE. 

Delivered to the Members of the Lodge of Free and 
Accepted Masons, held at tJie Castle Inn, Marlborough, at a 
Meeting for the Distribution of CHARITY to twenty-four poor 
People, at which most of the Ladies in Marlborough were 
present, Sept. 11, A.L. 5769. 

BY THOMAS DUNCKERLEY, Esq. 
BLESSED is HE THAT CONSIDERETH THE POOR. Psal.xli. v. 1. 

" BRETHREN, 

" It is with the greatest satisfaction I meet you 
here in the cause of charity : Charity is the basis of our 
Order ; it is for this purpose we have a Grand Lodge at 
London, another at Edinburgh, and a third at Dublin. 
Lodges are now held on every part of this globe, and 



220 Thomas Dunckerley. 

charities are collected and sent to the respective Grand 
Lodge of each Kingdom or state : there the distress'd 
brethren apply and find relief : nor is any exception made 
to difference of country or religion. 

" For, as in the sight of God we are all equally his 
children, having the same common parent and preserver 
so we, in like manner, look on every Free-Mason as our 
brother ; nor regard where he was born or educated, pro- 
vided he is a good man, an honest man, which is 'the 
noblest work of God. ' 

"A laudable custom prevailed among our ancient 
brethren ; after they had sent their donations to the general 
charities, they considered the distresses of those in particular 
that resided in their respective neighbourhoods, and assisted 
them with such a sum as could be conveniently spared 
from the lodge. In humble imitation of this masonic 
principle, I recommend the present charity to your con- 
sideration ; to which you readily and unanimously con- 
sented. The sum is, indeed, but small : yet when it is con- 
sidered that this lodge is in its infant state ; having been 
constituted but little more than three months : I hope, as 
the widow's mite was acceptable, this act of ours will be 
considered, not with respect to the sum, but the principles 
by which we are influenced. 

" I have told you in the lodge, and I repeat it now, that 
brotherly-love, relief, and truth, are the grand principles of 
Masonry, and as the principal part of the company are un- 
acquainted with the original intention of this society, it 
may be proper for their information, and your instruction, 
that I explain those principles, by which it is our duty 
in particular to be actuated. 

" By Brotherly-love, we are to understand that generous 
principle of the soul, which respects the human species 
as one family, created by an All- wise Being, and placed on 
this globe for the mutual assistance of each other. It is 



Freemasonry in Wiltshire. 221 

this attractive principle, or power that draws men together 
and unites them in bodies politic, families, societies, and the 
various orders and denominations among men. But as most 
of these are partial, contracted or confined to a particular 
country, religion, or opinion ; our Order, on the contrary, 
is calculated to unite mankind as one family : High and 
low, rich and poor, one with another ; to adore the same 
God, and observe his law. All worthy members of this 
society are free to visit every lodge in the world; and though 
he knows not the language of the country, yet by a silent 
universal language of our own, he will gain admittance, and 
find that true friendship, which flows from the brotherly- 
ove I am now describing. 

" At that peaceable and harmonious meeting he will hear 
no disputes concerning religion or politics; no swearing ; no 
obscene, immortal* or ludicrous discourse ; no other con- 
tention but who can unrk besf, who can agree lest. 

11 To subdue our passions, and improve in useful scientific 
knowledge ; to instruct the younger brethren, and initiate 
the unenlightened, are principal duties in the lodge ; which, 
when done, and the word of God is closed, we indulge with 
the song and cheerful glass, still observing the same decency 
and regularity, with strict attention to the golden mean 
believing with the poet, that 

' God is paid when man receives, 
T" enjoy is to obey.' 

" Let me travel from east to west, or between north and 
south, when I meet a true, brother I shall find a friend, who 
will do all in his power to serve me, without having the 
least view of self-interest : and if I am poor and in distress, 
he will relieve me to the utmost of his power, interest, and 
capacity. This is the second grand principle; for, relief 
will follow where there is brotherly-love. 

* Probably a misprint for immoral. II. S. 



222 Thomas Dunckerley, 

" I have already mentioned our general charities as they 
are at present conducted, it remains now that I consider 
particular donations given from private lodges, either to 
those who are not masons or to a brother in distress. And 
first, with respect to a Charity like this before us, perhaps 
it is better to be distributed in small sums, that more may 
receive the benefit, than to give it in larger sums, which 
would confine it to few. 

"With regard to a brother in distress, who should happen 
to apply to this lodge, or any particular member for relief, it 
is necessary that I inform you in what manner you are to 
receive him. And here I cannot help regretting, that such 
is the depravity of the human heart, there is no religion or 
society free from bad professors, or unworthy members, for 
as it is impossible for us to read the heart of man, the best 
regulated societies may be imposed on, by the insinuations 
of the artful and hypocrisy of the abandoned. It should 
therefore by no means lessen the dignity and excellency of 
the royal craft, because it is our misfortune to have bad men 
among us, any more than the purity and holiness of the 
Qliristian religion should be doubted, because too many of 
the wicked and profligate approach the holy altar. 

" Since, therefore, these things are so : be careful when- 
ever a brother applies for relief, to examine strictly whether 
he is worthy of acceptance : enquire the cause of his misfor- 
tunes, and if you are satisfied they are not the result of vice 
or extravagance, relieve him with such a sum as the lodge 
shall think proper, and assist him with your interest and 
recommendation, that he may be employed according to 
his capacity, and not eat the bread of idleness. This will be 
acting consistent with TRUTH, which is the third grand 
principle of Masonry. 

"TRUTH is a divine attribute, and the foundation of all 
masonic virtues : to be good men and true, is part of the first 
great lesson we are taught ; and at the commencement of 



Freemasonry in Wiltshire. 223 

our freedom, we are exhorted to be fervent and zealous in 
the practice of truth and goodness. It is not sufficient that 
we walk in the light, unless we do the truth. All hypocrisy 
and deceit must be banished from us. Sincerity and plain 
dealing compleat the harmony of the brethren, within and 
without the lodge ; and will render us acceptable in the 
sight of that great Being, unto whom oil hearts are open, all 
desires known, and from whom no secrets are hid. 

" There is a charm in truth that draws and attracts the 
mind continually towards it: the more we discover, the more 
we desire, and the great reward is, wisdom, virtue, and 
happiness. 

" This is an edifice founded upon a rock, which malice 
cannot shake, or time destroy. What a secret satisfaction 
do we enjoy, when in searching for truth, we find the first 
principles of useful science, still preserved among us, as we 
received them, by oral tradition from the earliest ages ; and 
we also find this truth corroborated by the testimonies of the 
best and greatest men the world has produced. But this is 
not all ; the sacred writings confirm what I assert ; the 
sublime part of our ancient mystery being there to be found ; 
nor can any Christian brother be a yood Mason that does not 
make the word of God his first and principal study. 

" I sincerely congratulate you on the happy establish- 
ment of this lodge, and the prospect you have of its utility 
and permanency, by the choice you have made of members 
capable to conduct it. Let Wisdom direct you to contrive 
for the best. Strengthen the cause of Masonry, by mutual 
Friendship, which is the companion and support of fraternal 
love, and which will never suffer any misunderstanding to 
inflame a brother, or cause him to behave unbecoming a 
member of our peaceable and harmonious society. Let us 
then resolve to beautify and adorn our Order, by discharging 
the duties of our respective stations, as good subjects, good 
parents, good husbands, good masters, and dutiful children ; 



224 Thomas Dmdxrlty. 

for by so doing we shall put to silence the reproaches of 
foolish men. As you know these things, brethren, happy are 
ye if ye do them ; and thrice happy shall I esteem it to he 
looked on as the founder of a society in Marlborough whose 
grand principles are, brotherly-lore, relief, and truth. 

" Let us consider these poor persons as our brothers and 
sisters, and be thankful to Almighty God, that he has been 
pleased to make us his instruments of affording them this 
small relief; most humbly supplicating the GRA>TD ARCHI- 
TECT OF THE UXTVERSE, from whom all My desires, all good 
counsels, and all just works do proceed, to bless our under- 
taking, and grant that we may continue to add some little 
comfort to the poor of this town. 

" Next to the Deity, whom can I so properly address 
myself to as the most beautiful part of the creation ? 

" You hare heard, Ladies, our grand principles 
explained, with the instructions given to the brethren ; and 
I doubt not but at other times you have heard many dis- 
respectful things said of this society. Envy, malice, and all 
uncharitableness will never be at a loss to decry, find fault, 
and raise objections to what they do not know. How great 
then are the obligations you lay on this lodge ! with what 
superior esteem, respect, and regard, are we to look on 
every lady present, that has done us the honour of her 
company this evening. To have the sanction of the fair is 
our highest ambition, as our greatest care will be to pre- 
serve it. The virtues of humanity are peculiar to your sex ; 
and we flatter ourselves the most splendid ball could not 
afford you greater pleasure, than to see the human heart 
made happy, and the poor and dislrest obtain present 
relict" " The Freemasons' Magazine " September, 1793. 

It is not unlikely that the publication of this and other 
Charges, &c., by the same author originated the tradition 
that Dunckerley revised or remodelled the Craft Lectures ; 
but to me it seems more than probable that the compiler 



Freemasonry in Wiltshire. 225 

of the lectures made a very free use of Dunckerley's brains 
in the work of compilation. 

From the " History of Freemasonry in Wiltshire " by 
Frederick Hastings Goldney, P.G.D. 

"CiTY OF SALISBURY, September 22nd, 1777. 
" A Provincial Grand Lodge for Wiltshire was opened 
in ample form. 

Present : 

The Most Worshipful Thomas Dunckerley, Esq., P.G.M. 

Worshipful Hugh Skeats, D.P.G.M. 

Worshipful Jos. Hodgson, P.G.S.W. 

Worshipful J. Edgar, Jun., P.G.J.W. 

Worshipful Jas. Wilkinson, P.G.T. 

Worshipful Michael Burrough, P.G.S. 

Worshipful T. Shuttleworth, P.G.S.B. 
P. a. Stewards : 



John Norton. 
Wm. Chubb. 
Alex. Minty. 



Wm. Weeks. 
Geo. Scandover. 
D. N. Keele. 



P. a. Tyler, G. Brown. 

" The Master, Officers, and Brethren of Salisbury Lodge, 
No. 47. 

" The Lodge at (the) Crown, Devizes, was called, and no 
one appeared. 

Visiting Brethren : 

"Right Hon. Lord Charles Montague, P.G.M. for 
Hants, with six of his officers. 

"Six brethren from No. at Ringwood. Four 

brethren from No. at Blandford, and three from lodges 

in London, being in all No. on the occasion. 

" The Salisbury Lodge paid two guineas for the Hall, 
and one for the fund of Charity. 

" The P.G.M. recommended that no Mason be made in 
future for less than three guineas in this county. 

Q 



226 Thomas Dunckerley. 

" The brethren dined in open lodge, and in the evening 
the lodge was closed in due form and time. 

" The Most Worshipful took occasion to observe that 
an assembly had lately been formed in S. of persons who 
call themselves Antient Masons, and pretended to derive 
an authority from D. Athol. He informed the lodge that 
the D. had disclaimed any knowledge of or connection with 
persons acting under that sanction, and that the meetings 
of such are so inconsistent with the principles of Free- 
masonry, that they had been publicly reprobated by the 
Grand Lodge, and that it was his wish that the Wiltshire 
brethren would by no means countenance their proceedings, 
but rather that they should give a public denial of what 
that assembly had asserted relative to the patronage of the 
D. Athol." 

It will be observed that Dunckerley is here described 
as Provincial Grand Master for Wiltshire, this, however, 
is not strictly correct, he having only been appointed 
to superintend temporarily, as in more recent times the 
Grand Registrar was usually placed in charge of a province 
wherein a vacancy had occurred in the office of Provincial 
Grand Master, until a new appointment was made. 

The first Provincial Grand Master for Wiltshire was 
Thomas Fowke, Esq., of Clarges Street, Piccadilly, who 
was appointed late in 1775 or early in 1776. I cannot 
find that he ever did anything in discharge of the duties 
of his office, but he had family connections at Salisbury 
and was Groom of the Bedchamber to the Duke of Cumber- 
land. His name was removed from the list of Provincial 
Grand Masters in 1777 ; Dunckerley may therefore fairly 
be deemed the first real head of the province. In his 
endeavours to exemplify the proverbial qualities of a new 
broom his Masonic zeal appears to have far exceeded his 
usual discretion, as will be shown by the following extracts 
from the Grand Lodge Minutes of the "Ancients." 



Freemasonry in Wiltshire. 227 

"Dec. 3rd, 1777. 

" Heard a letter from No. 200 at Salisbury setting forth 
that a Mr. Dunckerley, P.G.M. under the Moderns, had 
taken upon him to doubt the legallity of their Warrant, &c.> 
also the Deputy Grand Master's answer thereto, Heard 
the D.G.M.'s letter to his Grace of Atholl enclosing the 
original letter from No. 200, with the Right Worshipful 
Grand Master's answer also a letter enclosing the ' pro- 
ceedings of Lodge 200 as published in the Salisbury 
Journal. 

" Resolved Unanimously, That the thanks of this Grand 
Lodge be returned to the Most Noble Prince John Duke of 
Atholl, &c., &c., &c., our Right Worshipful Grand Master, 
for His Grace's great Condecension & goodness in so clearly 
and firmly avowing his Intentions of supporting the Ancient 
Craft, by so nobly and generously acknowledging that Patron- 
age which this Grand Lodge have so long happily flourished 
under, and that they will by every means in their power 
endeavour to convince His Grace that the Sanction of the 
Noble Family of Atholl has been extended to the Ancient 
and Universal practice of the Royal Craft and on a People 
not altogether undeserving his Lordship's protection. 

"Heard a letter from No. 174, Southampton, similar to that 
from No. 200 at Salisbury. Resolved Unanimously/that the 
thanks of this Grand Lodge be returned to the Deputy 
Grand Master for his attention relative to the Lodge 
No. 200 Salisbury and to assure him of the readiness of 
the Grand Lodge to concur in every step to rescue his 
Character from the false and Malicious insinuations propa- 
gated by Mr. Dunkerley as set forth in the letter from No. 
174 or by any other person or persons whatever, for so far 
from thinking the said Lau. Dermott capable of committing 
the allegations made by Mr. Dunkerly, that the Fraternity 
have repeatedly experienced singular advantages from the 
Integrity and abilities of the said D.G. Master during a 

Q 2 



228 Thomas Dunckerley. 

series of Twenty-Six Years, that Justly entitles him to the 
favour and esteem of all real well wishers to the Ancient 
Craft as more fully appears hy the Grand Lodge Trans- 
actions from the year 1751 to this time. 

" Resolved. That it is the opinion of this Grand Lodge, 
that the steps taken by Lodge 200 at Salisbury were proper 
on the present occasion." 

Probably Dunckerley carried too many guns for the enemy ; 
at all events this lodge made but little headway under the 
"Ancients" only 2 1 members being registered down to January, 
1782. In 1783 the members transferred their allegiance to the 
"Moderns " and Dunckerley granted them a Warrant for the 
Apollo Lodge, No. 454, which prospered for many years, but 
was struck off the list in 1828. The " Ancient " Warrant was 
returned and the number declared vacant in 1792. In 
1801, No. 200 was granted to certain brethren for a lodge 
at Carisbrooke, Isle of Wight ; which lodge is now the 
Albany Lodge, No. 151, Newport. 

A storm was at this time brewing among Dunckerley 's 
own flock which eventually occasioned him much trouble 
and annoyance. The only lodge in Salisbury in 1776, was 
the Sarum Lodge No. 47, the members of which had 
refused compliance with the regulations made for the 
purpose of raising funds wherewith to build a Hall in London, 
alleging that as they had recently built and furnished " a 
new room from their own stock only " Grand Lodge ought 
to do likewise. 

Bro. Goldney, in his excellent history, has printed the 
proceedings of this lodge from its opening to its extinction, with 
the exception of those contained in a missing minute book, 
from 1777 to 1794, and as the accompanying extracts and 
letters will throw some little light on the condition of the 
lodge during part of that period I now offer them in the 
hope that they may assist in the completion of this most 
interesting portion of the history of Masonry in Wiltshire. 



Freemasonry in Wiltshire. 229 

G.L. Minutes, Nov. 12th, 1777. 

"The Grand Secretary read a Letter from the late 
Master, and other late Members of a Lodge heretofore held 
in the City of Salisbury, No. 47 and known by the Name 
of the Sarum Lodge which was erased from the list of 
Lodges in February last for not conforming to the regula- 
tions of the Grand Lodge. And the said Brethren having 
in such Letter expressed their concern for their past errors, 
and promised due obedience to the Laws in future, a 
Motion was made that the said Lodge should be reinstated, 
which was duly seconded, and on putting the question it 
passed unanimously in the affirmative. 

" Brother Dunckerley superintendent of the Lodges in 
the County of Wilts complained that the Lodge No. 47* 

held at the Inn in the Town of Devizes in the said 

County, had in a refractory manner refused to correspond 
with him or give him any account of the situation of such 
Lodge. He therefore moved that the Grand Secretary 
might be desired to write to the said Lodge and acquaint 
the Brethren that unless they acquiesced and attended to 
their duty in future, the Lodge would at the next Quarterly 
Communication, be erased from the list. This motion was 
seconded and on putting the Question it passed in the 
affirmative. 

" The thanks of the Grand Lodge were then given to 
Brother Dunckerley for his unwearied zeal in the service 
of the Society." 

The four following letters are copied from the Grand 
Secretary's letter book : 

" To the Right W. Master of the Old Sarum Lodge, Salisbury, 

" Sir & Brother, 

" I am sorry to perceive by a Letter from Bro. Wm. 

* Obviously a clerical error, as the only Lodge then held in Devizes 
was The Lodge of True Friendship, No. 398, at the Crown Inn. II. S. 



230 Thomas Dunckerky. 

Burbridge addressed to our worthy Brother Jas. Heseltine, 
Esq., that any doubt should exist in the minds of the 
Brethren of the Old Sarum Lodge relative to the appoint- 
ment of Thos. Dunckerley Esq., to the superintendance of 
the fraternity in Wiltshire, an appointment which he 
regularly received from the Grand Master for his known 
zeal for the Society and his ability in the Craft. 

" The reason why it was never notified to you in a 
formal manner or noticed in the publications of the Society 
is its being only a temporary office untill the appointment 
of a Prov. G.M. for the County, and I am authorized to 
acquaint you that any Nobleman or Gentleman whom you 
may think proper to recommend will be appointed to that 
Honourable rank by our Most Noble Grand Master, whose 
desire I am well convinced it is, as well as that of the 
Grand Lodge, to act in all things so as to give satisfaction 
to the Brethren and of course promote the interest of the 
Society. 

"That peace and concord may ever subsist in your 
Ancient Lodge is the sincere wish of him who has the honor 
to subscribe himself with fraternal regard and esteem, &c. 

"W. W."* 

" To the Master of the Sarum Lodge, Salisbury. 

" Dec. 31st, 1781. 

" I am sorry my absence from town for about a 
fortnight prevented my answering sooner Bro. Burbridge's 
Letter which I hope you will excuse. The appointment of 
a Merchant or Tradesman to be Prov. G. Master of your 
County, would hardly be consistent with so exalted a rank 
in the society unless it was a Merchant of the very first 
eminence and one who possessed that respect and weight 
in the County as to induce the Brethren of Rank and fortune 
to attend his general meetings, and by that means perhaps 

* William White. 



Freemasonry in Wiltshire. 231 

increase the fraternity and add to the Lodges. The most 
eligible Characters for this dignity (and such as in general 
possess it) are either Noblemen, Members of Parliament, or 
Gentlemen of large Estates, who at the same time that they 
receive an Honour from the Society, by their Name and 
Rank reflect it back. These hints added to your own 
desire of having a person of Consequence at the head of 
your County will (I doubt not) cause you to nominate such 
a one as our most Worshipful G. Master will have no objec- 
tion to delegate his authority to. The expence attending 
this appointment is 10 Guineas to the fund of the Society 
and one Guinea and a half for making out the Patent or 
5 Guineas if elegantly written on Vellum and emblematically 
ornamented. 

" I remain with great regard and Esteem R. W. Master. 
" Your most Obedient Servant, 

"W.W., G.S." 

" R.W.M. & Brethren of the Sarum Lodge. 

" 19th March, 1782. 

" Annexed I transmit to you a Copy of the minutes 
of the Committee of Charity which was unanimously con- 
firmed by the Grand Lodge, and in consequence of which 
our most Worshipful Grand Master, His Grace the Duke 
of Manchester has been pleased to grant by Instrument under 
the Great Seal of the Society, an Authority to his Junior 
Grand Warden, James Galloway, Esq. to hear and decide 
the unhappy misunderstanding subsisting between Thomas 
Dunckerley, Esq. Superintendant for Wilts and your Lodge. 
The appointment of so worthy a Brother who is not higher 
in Rank than Esteem in the Society cannot fail I apprehend 
of being satisfactory to you and I doubt not but you [will] 
second the good intentions of the G. Lodge & his endea- 
vours, by every means in your power, & not suffer any 



232 Thomas Dunckerley. 

pique or trivial cavil to prevent the return of Concord among 
the fraternity in Wiltshire, but by chearfull acquiesence in 
his decision prevent any further interposition of the G. 
Master's authority. I had the honour of seeing the Junior 
G. Warden yesterday who informed me that he intends 
going into Wiltshire in about 10 days or a fortnight & that 
he will give you timely notice for the summonsing of your 
Lodge. 

" It will give me great pleasure to hear of an amicable 
termination being put to this affair, being with sincere 
wishes for the prosperity of the Sarum Lodge. 

"Yours, &c., 

W. W., G.S." 

" Thos. Dunckerley, Esq., 

" Salisbury. 

" Annexed I have the honour of transmitting to you 
a Copy of the Minutes of the Committee of Charity relative 
to the differences between you and the Sarum Lodge. To 
you Sir it will be needless for me to enlarge on the subject, 
I shall only beg leave to assure you it is the wish of the 
Brethren here to have everything made as agreeable to you 
as your endeavours for the prosperity of the Society so justly 
merits. I had the pleasure of seeing Mr. Galloway yesterday 
who desired me to present his Compliments to you and to 
acquaint you that he expected to be in Wiltshire in about 
10 Days or a fortnight. 

" I am with the greatest respect, &c., &c., 

"W. W." 

"Salisbury, January 19th, 1783. 
" My Dear Friend & Brother, 

" It is with much reluctance that I give you this 
additional trouble respecting the Sarum Lodge : they would 
not attend my summons to the Provincial Grand Lodge 
(which I held in this City the 27th Ultimo) nor will they 



Freemasonry in Wiltshire. 233 

send me a list of their Members & Masons made ; denying 
my having any Authority for that purpose. 

"It is a constant rule with me (in conformity to a former 
resolution of the Grand Lodge) to have lists (at least once 
a year) from the several Lodges under my direction ; in 
order to know what Fees are due to the Hall Fund ; which 
I must confess I have ever been anxious to advance. 

" As I would not (if it can be avoided), complain against 
them to the Grand Lodge ; it is my request that you will 
be so obliging, or Brother White by your direction, to desire 
of them (by a letter enclosed to me) to make out & give me 
the said list in order to prevent any complaints against them 
in future. And I hope & trust that if they send the List 
to you or Brother Berkley, it will be returned to them, with 
advice to deliver it to me. 

" I beg to know in return, when the next Quarterly 
Communication will be held; having registering Fees to 
remit for the Hall Fund. 

" Make my grateful regard acceptable to Bros. Atkinson, 
Brooks, Allen, &c. 

" Mrs. D my Daughter & her Husband unite with 

me in sincere Wishes for y e health and happiness of your 
Self, Sister Heseltine & little folks & am your affect. & much 
obliged Brother. 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 

" James Heseltine, Esq." 




DUNCKERLEY'S SEAL. 
Actual size. 



234 Thomas Dunclterley. 

*" Thomas Dunckerley, Esq., 

" Drs. Commons, " Salisbury. 

"20th March, 1783. 

" Substance of Letter. 

" Dr. Sir & Brother, 

" I will now trouble you with a few Lines in respect 
of the Sarum Lodge. The List of Members was sent up 
by the Secretary of that Lodge to Mr. White ; your Letter 
to me arrived about the same time, desiring if the List was 
received that it might be returned to them, with advice to 
deliver it to you. I advised with the Grand Officers on the 
subject ; and they all thought the most proper step would 
be to mention the matter in Committee of Charity, and to 
pursue such directions as might be given rather than take 
any step of my own accord where former misunderstandings 
had prevailed. The substance of your Letter was accord- 
ingly mentioned to the Committee and fully considered but 
no decisive Orders were given thereon, it appearing to be 
the wish of every Brother present to endeavour to adopt 
some expedient of a mild and healing nature, and not to pro- 
ceed to extremities. 

" The sincerest respect and attention to you was manifested 
by every Brother in the Assembly, but at the same time it 
was observed by many Gentlemen that the sending back the 
List to the Lodge, with orders to deliver it to you would most 
likely be productive of a refusal on the part of the Lodge 
and would compel the Grand Lodge to withdraw its Consti- 
tution, an event that ought in prudence to be avoided if 
possible. 

" I was, therefore, desired to write to you and to request 
it as a favour that you would (for the sake of harmony and 
peace, and as a farther proof of your forbearance and uniform 
inclination to promote every wish of the Fraternity) volun- 

* From the Grand Secretary's Letter Book. H. S. 



Freemasonry in Wiltshire. 235 

tarily and without any kind of notice to the Samm Lodge, 
resign the Superintendancy of the County of Wilts, which 
step would most likely be productive of future good humour 
in that Lodge, and could not, it is presumed, derogate from 
the honour or respectability of your situation in the Society, 
inasmuch as it would be a voluntary act on your part and 
not in consequence of any decision of the Grand Lodge ap- 
proving or countenancing the refractory behaviour of the 
Brethren of the Sarum Lodge. At the same Committee a 
Letter was read from the Lodge of Virtue at Bath, in 
which, among others, it was said the Brethren would be 
happy in having a Prov. Grand Master, and that they had 
petitioned you to accept that Office, but that you had re- 
turned for answer that the Grand Lodge would not permit 
you to preside over more Provinces than you already held. 
I apprehend it would not be irregular for one Gentleman to 
have different Counties as P.G.M., for instance, Sir Herbert 
Mack worth P.G.M. for all South "Wales, and other in- 
stances might be adduced to prove this position. 

" I have mentioned the Contents of the Letter from the 
Bath Lodge, and the Committee intimated that if it was 
the desire of the Lodges in Somersetshire to have you ap- 
pointed their P.G.M. and you would take the trouble to 
represent them, it might be recommended to the Grand 
Master in the name of the Committee to appoint you to 
that Office, upon resigning the Superintendancy of Wilts, 
which would certainly convey the highest degree of Masonic 
Respectability to you, and be an indirect rebuke to the 
Sarum Lodge, without any absolute Censure that might 
give offence, and thus universal peace and fraternal good- 
will might be restored. 

The Grand Officers have also since the Committee re- 
considered this plan, which they still approve, and flatter 
themselves with the hopes of your concurrence. 

" J. H." 



236 Thomas Dunckcrky. 

" SaKsbury, March 25th, 1783. 
" My Dear Friend & Brother, 

"Mrs. Dunckerley and Mr. Edgar desire to unite 
with me in sincere thanks for your kind concern and con- 
dolence on our much lamented loss. At the request of my 
son-in-law, I have promis'd to remain with him, and in 
all probability shall pass the remainder of my days in this 
County ; except a little time in each summer, at Hampton 
Court. I have the greatest respect for the Grand Officers ; 
and am very sensible that some of my sincerest Friends are 
among them : it is therefore my request that they would 
take into consideration my zealous services for the Society 
during thirty years, and my earnest endeavours to promote 
the authority of the Grand Lodge for the seventeen years 
that I have been a Grand Officer : and not desire me to 
resign Wiltshire because the Sarum Lodge (which was 
struck off the List for contumacious behaviour to the Grand 
Lodge, but restored at my request) with the blackest In- 
gratitude deny my Authority. If it is the will of the Grand 
Lodge that the Sarum Lodge should continue on the List 
with the same contumacious disposition towards me ; Be it 
so ! I shall never trouble the Grand Lodge any more con- 
cerning them. 

" I am much oblig'd to the Brethren at Bath for the 
regard they express for me, and should be happy to render 
them any service, but cannot prevail with myself to take 
Somersetshire & resign the County where I now reside, & 
(with God's permission) propose to remain ; and it would be 
ingratitude to the Lodge of Science in this City who have 
been at the expense of a Warrant of Constitution to be 
under my Authority & Instruction. 

If the Grand Master for the Counties of Dorset, Somer- 
set, & Wilts ; I shall esteem it a pleasing Employment for 
the very little time I may remain in this life. 



Freemasonry in Wiltshire. 237 

Accept our sincerest regard to yourself and family and 
believe me, 

" Your Affect. & much Obliged C. & B.,* 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 

" Jas. Heseltine, Esq." 

t" 10th Sept. 1783. 
" Thomas Dunckerley, Esq., 

" Salisbury. 

"I am directed to acquaint you that our Royal 
Grand Master anxious to preserve the peace and unanimity 
of the Society in every part has thought proper to determine 
for the present not to appoint a P.G.M. for the County of 
Wilts, apprehending such a measure might have a contrary 
effect as the Lodges in the County do not agree in their 
application for the person they wish to hold that Honourable 
Rank. At the same time he has been pleased to direct that 
as the Sarum Lodge has not behaved with that degree of 
attention to you that could be wished, that in future on all 
business of the Society they shall correspond immediately 
with one of the Grand Secretaries and that you will not 
interfere in the affairs of that Lodge which will be relieving 
you from the trouble of having anything to do with those 
who do not seem disposed to act cordially with you and at 
the same time will prevent the possibility of any fresh 
differences arising. 

" I am, &c., 

" W. W." 

The apparently misplaced leniency of the authorities 
may be explained by the fact that " the foe was at the gate," 
and to have adopted coercive measures with the members of 
the Sarum Lodge would in all probability have resulted in 
the return of the Warrant and the acceptance of a Consti- 

* Companion & Brother. 11. S. 

t From the Grand Secretary's Letter Hook. H. S. 



238 Thomas Dunckerley. 

tution from the opposition Grand Lodge. It is easy to 
conceive that with such an old lodge in the case, this would 
have been a heavy blow to the prestige of the " Moderns," 
and a most important acquisition to their rivals. 

" Salisbury, Sept. 16th, 1783. 
" Dear Brother, 

" In return to your favour of the 10th I shall at all 
times most obediently attend to the determinations and 
Commands of our Royal Grand Master. 

" I shall not in future interfere with the affairs of the 
Sarum Lodge ; and to prevent the possibility of any fresh 
disputes I shall not permit any Members of that Lodge to 
be present at any Provincial Grand Lodge that I may occa- 
sionally hold in future for this County. 

" I have the honour to be, 
" With the greatest respect and esteem, 

" Your affectionate Brother, 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY." 

Whether Dunckerley and the Sarum Lofige were ever 
reconciled I know not, but there appears to have been a 
fractious spirit among its members, for, in 1800, fresh com- 
plications arose with the authorities which led to the final 
erasure of the lodge on the 25th of November, 1801. 

"Salisbury, Dec. 21st, 1783. 
'' Dear Sir, 

"I was Duly favour'd with yours of the llth in- 
stant, together with 6 Calendars, & the Acc'ts. of the last 
Quarterly Communication ; & beg you will oblige me with 
12 more, by the same conveyance, that I may Distribute 
them in the Prov'l. Grand Lodge next Saturday. At the 
same time, please to inform me whether Bro. Heseltinc had 
an opportunity of laying my request before the Grand 
Master. I have the pleasure to inform you that a Lodge of 
Antient Masons, constituted 7 years ago, by Mr. Dermot, 
by authority from the Duke of Athol ; have apply'd to me 



Freemasonry in Wiltshire. 239 

for my Instruction & Patronage. I have granted them a 
Dispensation for holding a Lodge, & gave them the several 
obligations, in an extra Prov. G. Lodge, the llth inst. 
Their Warr't. of Constitution will be Deliver'd in Prov. G. 
Lodge on St. John's Day, and I would put the impression 
of the Grand Lodge Seal to it if you can send it on a piece 
of paper. Previous to the next Qua. Com. I shall send 
you a Draught for the Fees of y e said Constitution.* If 
the new Book of Constitutions is printed, I am to Desire 
you will send it to me this week, or as soon as it is pub- 
lish' d. Present my sincere regard to Bro. Heseltine & such 
Brethren as do me the honour of an enquiry & believe me. 
" Your affect. & obliged Brother, 

" TH.OS. DUNCKERLEY. 

" William White, Esq." 

" Hampton Court Palace, May 31st, 1789. 
" Dear Sir, 

" By desire of the Lodge No. 443, held at the Parade 
Coffee House, Salisbury, I wrote to you last Thursday, 
requesting (as soon as possible), a Dispensation for the 
Master of that Lodge to make Mr. Charles Burrell Blount, 
a Mason ; he is not quite of age, but is going abroad im- 
mediately. Yesterday I recciv'd a Parcel with the Accounts 
of y e last Quarterly Communication, &c. but no letter from 
you. The Parcel was not seal'd nor any pack thread, or 
cord put round it. I beg to hear from you by the Post 
to-morrow, as I shall write to Salisbury on Tuesday morning. 
" Your faithful & Affect. Brother, 

" THOS. DUNCKEKLEY. 

" William White, Esq." 

In November, 1791, Dunckerley paid to the Grand 
Treasurer 1. 16s. on behalf of the above mentioned lodge 
it is therefore probable that he continued to superintend 



* See page 227 ante. 



240 Thomas Dunckerley. 

Masonry in Wiltshire during the rest of his life ; at all 
events the office of Provincial Grand Master for that county 
was not filled by anyone else during his lifetime, John 
Dainton is said to have heen at the head of the province 
in 1792, but no trace of his appointment can now be found; 
for the simple reason, that he was never appointed. Under 
the "Ancient" rtgime every new lodge was supposed to 
be constituted by the Grand Master, in a Grand Lodge 
specially summoned for that purpose. In the Metropolis 
either the Deputy Grand Master, or the Grand Secretary 
usually officiated as Grand Master, by virtue of a dispen- 
sation to hold a Grand Lodge " for the space of three 
hours " at the house where the new lodge was to be held. 

In this branch of the Order Provincial Grand Masters 
in England were almost unknown indeed we have evi- 
dence of but one appointment of that character, and this 
might be described as an experiment, or an attempt in 1781, 
to form a Provincial Grand Lodge for the Counties of York, 
Chester, and Lancashire. 

In the absence therefore of a definite head, it was 
usual for the Founders of a new lodge in the country to 
nominate some brother in the neighbourhood to perform the 
customary ceremonies. 

The following correspondence between the Grand Secre- 
tary of the "Ancients" and Stephen Bell of Devizes, relative 
to the constituting of No, 270, in 1792, will doubtless be 
considered a sufficient explanation of the origin of the 
tradition, that John Dainton was Provincial Grand Master 
for Wiltshire in that year. 
" Dear Sir & Brother, 

"You have by this day's Coach from Lad Lane, 
the Warrant & Jewels. You must send me by return 
of post the Name of a Brother Past Master to receive our 
Powers to Constitute the New Lodge ; and also send the 
Names and Additions of all the New Members, according 



Freemasonry in Wiltshire. 241 

to the above mentioned 9th Rule, at the particular request 
of the R.W. Deputy Grand Master. I have entered the 
parcel directed for you at Mr. Smith's and hope it will come 
safe. 

" Yours very Affectionately, 
" 27th Feh. 1792." " ROBERT LESLIE. 

This note was written at the foot of the Grand Lodge 
Report on which a portion of the Rule referred to was 
printed. A few days later the following reply was received 
by the Grand Secretary. 

" Devizes, 29th Feb. 1792. 
" Right Worshipfull Sir & Brother, 

" Yesterday came safe to hand the Warrant, Jewels, 
&c. which gives great satisfaction, and this morn your 
further Letter which you will find punctually complied 
with. We have nominated our worthy Brother John Dainton, 
Past Master, as Past Master. Our days of Meeting, by 
having a reference to a former letter, you will find was to 
be the second and last Monday in the Month during winter, 
and the second Monday in each Month during summer. 

" You have not sent us the No. of our Lodge, and if 
there are any farther Instructions, should be glad to receive 
them as soon as possible, for which we wait. We did not 
know it was necessary for each to sign his name or it 
could have easily been before done ; it is our earnest wish 
to act with the greatest propriety. 

" We are, Right Worshipfull Sir, 

" Your most humble Servants. 
" E. F. Williams, Woollen Draper, Master. 
John Dainton, Cloath Worker, P.M. 
Saml. Smith, Victuler & Seeds-man, Sen. Warden. 
George Clark, Baker, Jun. Warden. 
Stephen Bell, Hair Merchant, Socretary. 
Andrew Heath, Taylor & Draper, Treasurer. 

John Coleman, Yeoman, P.M. 

R 



242 Thomas Dunclcerley. 

The following appears to have been written by Dainton 
himself. 

" Devizes, 15th March, 1792, 
"B.W.G.M. 

" "We transmitt to you the Following Transactions 
of the Grand Lodge, Held at the Sign of the Saracen's 
Head Devizes, the 14th Inst. The R.W.G.M. in the 
Chair, Bro. John Dainton, R.W.D.G.M., Bro. John Carson, 
R.W.S.G.W., Bro. John Austen, R.W. Jun. G.W., Edward 
Sweeper, R.W.G.S. Bro. Alexander Leishraan. Was open'd 
at Eleven o'Clock, on the third Step of Masonry, where 
was Presented to the R.W.G.M. by the R.W.D.G.M. 
Brother Edward F. Williams, Elected Master of Lodge 270. 
Certain Ceremonies being past, was placed at the Left Hand 
of the R.W.G.M. wben was Elected the Sen. and Jun. 
Wardens & the rest of the Officers according to Antiant 
Constitution. The By Laws being read & the Regulations, 
according to Antiant Custom, The Grand was clos'd for ever 
in due form at 2 o'Clock. 

John Dainton. 

John Carson. 

John Austen. 

Edward Sweoper. 

Alex r - Leishman." 

FREEMASONRY IN HEREFORDSHIRE. 

Dunckerley's last appointment was for Herefordshire ; 
his Patent of Provincial Grand Master for that county being 
dated the 5th of May, 1790. At this period there was only 
one lodge to occupy bis attention, although he is supposed 
to have had two predecessors ; viz., Sir Robert de Cornwall, 
appointed in 1753, and Charles Duke of Norfolk, in 1789. 
The good works of the former have not reached to our time* 

* See Freemasonry in Gloucestershire, page 190. 



freemasonry in Herefordshire. 243 

and I can find no record of the appointment of the latter. 
Prior to Dunckerley's appearance Masonry in this province 
seems to have been practically without a head. The only 
lodge in the whole county was the Palladian Lodge No. 
187 (now No. 120), which appears to have enjoyed an 
unbroken existence from its constitution in 1762 to the 
present time. 

On the 25th of January, 1791, Dunckerley constituted 
the Silurian Lodge No. 576 at the Sun Inn, Kington, it 
was afterwards removed to the King's Head in the same 
town but it does not seem to have been firmly established, 
for although the members evidently consisted chiefly of the 
well-to-do residents in the neighbourhood, it appears to have 
ceased working about the time of Dunckerley's death (1795), 
and ten years later the Warrant was transferred to Ludlow, 
the title being changed to that of The Mercian Lodge. Here 
it passed a lingering existence until it was erased by Grand 
Lodge at the filling up of the vacant numbers in 1832, 
having registered no names nor paid Grand Lodge dues 
during the previous six years. In 1793, Dunckerley added to 
his list the lodge which is the subject of the following letter, 
evidently written under difficulties, he being at that period 
in ill health, or, as he puts it, " In confinement at the suit 
of Madame La Goutte." 

" Southampton, Dec. 3rd, 1793. 
" Dear Sir & Brother, 

" I am now to desire that you will send to me a 
Warrant of Constitution for the Royal Edward Lodge to be 
holden at the Red Lion Inn at Leominster, in the County of 
Hereford on the second Monday in each Month, to bear 
date the 19th of Nov. 1793. Bro. William Wood, Master ; 
Bro. Samuel Nicholas, Sen. Warden & Bro. Thos. Hull, 

Jun. Warden. If convenient, beg to have it by the latter 

K 2 



244 Thomas Dunckerley. 

end of this week, that the Brethren may proceed to business 
as soon as possible. 

" Affectionate regard to Bro. Heseltine, &c., 
" From your faithful Brother, 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY." 

This lodge was No. 533 when it was constituted, and 
No. 560 at the Union in 1813. It seems to have done a 
fair amount of good work up to the year 1814, and then to 
have suddenly ceased, although it was retained on the list 
until 1828, when it was erased by the Grand Lodge. 

Dunckerley's successor in the province was Adam 
Gordon, Esq., who was appointed on the 24th of March 
1797. 

MEMORIALS OF ROYAL ARCH MASONRY. 

I shall make no attempt to remove tho veil of uncer- 
tainty which envelopes the origin of Royal Arch Masonry. 
Abler hands have tried it, and the result may be found in 
their works. The subject has recently been dealt with in 
a masterly and most exhaustive manner by two well-known 
English writers who have made this branch of the history 
of Masonry their particular study, and those who may be 
desirous of benefitting by their researches I would refer to 
Gould's " History of Freemasonry " and Hughan's " Origin 
of the English Masonic Rite." 

I am persuaded that my immediate object will be best 
attained by recording as briefly as possible, the part played 
by Thomas Dunckerley in the Order as he found it, being 
under the firm conviction that he had nothing whatever to do 
with its origin, but a very great deal to do with its extension 
and elevation. The earliest evidence of the existence of Royal 
Arch Masonry in London is contained in a Minute Book 
in the archives of the Grand Lodge of England. The first 
meeting therein recorded was held on the 22nd of March 



Memorials of Royal Arch Masonry. 2i5 

1765, "at Mr. Inge's." We have no evidence as to who or 
what Mr. Inge was where he lived or how long this Chapter 
had been in existence. Among the members were Dunckerley's 
particular friends James Galloway and Thomas French ; the 
former seems to have been particularly active at this time 
in procuring funds to provide furniture and jewels for the 
Chapter. On the 12th of June a removal was made to 
The Turk's Head in Gerrard Street, Soho, then a much more 
fashionable quarter than it is now. 

The first Anniversary Feast was held on the 8th of 
January, 17 60 ; Dunckerley being present, he was proposed 
to become a member by Galloway, " which was approved 
Nem. Con." This being election day Bro. Galloway was 
chosen Z, Bro. Maclean H, and Bro. Dunckerley J. It is 
scarcely necessary to add that these officers attended to their 
duties with characteristic punctuality during the remainder 
of the year. In the course of a few months the Chapter 
was joined by many of the leading Masons in London 
including the Grand Master, Lord Blayney, the Grand 
Treasurer, Rowland Berkeley, and the Grand Secretary, 
Samuel Spencer. Lord Blayney, shortly afterwards intro- 
duced several of his personal friends, and at the next 
Election meeting he was unanimously elected Z. or " Grand 
Master of the M.E.C. [Chapter] or Fourth Degree" . . . 
" Bro. Dunckerley was elected by ballot unto the office of Z. in 
the absence of the M.E.G.M. and of M.E.D.G.M. in his Lord- 
ship's presence, and was Invested & Installed accordingly, 
making the most solemn promise on that occasion which 
done, he received that homage from all the Officers and 
Companions, which is due to so great an office." 

This honour, be it observed, was conferred on Dunckerley 
about six months previous to his royal descent being acknow- 
ledged by George III. 

More particular details of the working of this important 
Chapter are set forth in " Masonic Facts and Fictions," I 



246 Thomas Dunckerley. 

need now only add that in 1767 it was formed into a Grand 
Chapter by a Charter of Compact* between Lord Blayney, 
Galloway, McLean, Dunckerley, French, and several other 
eminent brethren. The Royal Arch Degree was not, how- 
ever, then formally acknowledged by the Grand Lodge ; it 
occupied a position similar to that held by the Grand Lodge 
of Mark Master Masons at the present time. 

On the 13th of January, 1769, the first three charters 
were granted for private chapters, No. 3 being for a chapter 
at Portsmouth Common, under the title of " The Lodge of 
Tranquility or Chapter of Friendship " which certain R.A. 
Masons had "requested by letter to Bro. Dunckerley." 
This was the beginning of Dunckerley's unexampled career 
as a propagator of Royal Arch Masonry in the provinces. 
For several years he seldom attended the meetings of the 
Grand Chapter, being closely engaged in all parts of the 
country enlisting recruits and promoting the interests of the 
Order generally. With the exception of the minutes of 
the various meetings and the Register of members, scarcely 
anything of a documentary nature has been preserved 
relating to the early history of the Grand Chapter. No 
doubt a large amount of correspondence was carried on 
between Dunckerley and the London officials, but probably 
in consequence of the Grand Chapter being separate and 
distinct from the Grand Lodge, and having no permanent 
office of its own, letters of this period are not now available ; 
I am therefore compelled to rely on the aforesaid minutes 
for whatever information I can afford with regard to 
Dunckerley's labours on behalf of the Royal Arch Degree. 

Being under the impression that my readers would 
prefer the genuine records before any composition of my 
own, I shall now place before them, word for word, every 



* This document is printed in Ilughan's " Origin of the English 
Rite." 



Memorials of Royal Arch Masonry. 247 

item contained in the minutes having reference to the subject 
of these memoirs. 
Grand Chapter Minutes. 

Dec. the 12th, 1777. " It having 'been represented to 
the Chapter that Bro. Dunckerley had exalted Brethren at 
Colchester to the sublime degree, Bro. Smith propos'd that 
a polite letter be wrote by the Secretary to Bro. Dunckerley 
acquainting him of the disapprobation of this Chapter of 
Brethren being exalted without a regular dispensation for 
that purpose. Pass'd Nem. Con. 

" Bro. Leake who having been exalted by Bro. 
Dunckerley at Colchester applying to be admitted, it was 
resolved that he be admitted, but that such admittance be 
not taken as a precedent to others exalted in a like manner." 

Dunckerley 's version of this business will be found in 
the following letter : 

" Hampton Court Palace, 

" My much esteem'd Brother " Jan. 14th, 1792. 

" & Knight Companion, 

" Sir Benjamin Craven, 

"I do myself the pleasure to appoint you Pro- 
vincial Senior Grand Warden for the County of Essex, also 
Deputy Grand Superintendant of Royal Arch Masons, and 
Eminent Deputy Grand Master of Knights Templar for the 
said County. I am to inform you that there are two 
Chapters of Royal Arch Masons at Booking and Braintree 
that T am to desire you will visit whenever it may be 
convenient to you. The Chapter at Colchester, No. 12, and 
the Lodge at the Red Lion in the same Borough, I have 
struck off the List since the death of my much valued Bro. 
Thos. Boggis, Esq. The Lodge No. 51 have been very 
irregular and have given me much trouble as our Bro. 
Abell and other Brethren can inform you, & I have been 
inform'd that they have exalted Royal Arch Masons illegally, 
(for they never had a Constituted Chapter), and some have 



248 Thomas Dunckerley. 

asserted that they exalted me. I was Grand Z. of the 
Grand and Royal Chapter in 1767, and in 1776 when 1 was 
Grand Superintendant for Essex I exalted Bros. Boggis, 
Affleck, Leake, &c. by virtue of my Authority, and some of 
the Brethren of Lodge 51 being Royal Arch Masons 
assisted. This is the simple Truth & I beg it may be 
mention'd in the Lodges to crush all false reports concerning 
me. I was exalted at Portsmouth in the year 1754, & at 
that time had never seen Colchester. 

"Bro. Lane at Braintree is a Knight Templar; I believe 
there are some at Colchester, but do not vouch for any. If 
you can find a third I will send you a Patent for holding a 
Conclave. 

" Y r - Affect. Knt. Comp n - 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY." 

This letter is of great historical value and I am under 
obligations to Bro. G. F. Lancaster of Gosport for the 
privilege of printing it. Until it was brought to light the 
time and place of Dunckerley's exaltation were unknown. 
It also implies that he was " Superintendent " for Essex 
as far back as 1776, and therefore the first holder of that 
title in Royal Arch, as well as in Craft Masonry. 

"Bro. Smith," who seems to have been somewhat 
officious on the occasion mentioned, I need hardly say, was 
no friend of Dunckerley's indeed, had he not been a Mason, 
I should be inclined to the opinion that a feeling of jealousy 
may have had some little influence on his actions at this 
particular period. 

The following bears no date but it was evidently written 
by him about the time of the occurrence just referred to, 
and was apparently the outcome of a visit to the Grand 
Secretary's office during his absence. 

" Dear Sir, 

"Mr. Dunckerley having declined his Intention of 
having the Provincial Grand Mastership of Kent, I beg 



Memorials of Royal ArrJi Masonry. 240 

leave to renew my desire for that Honourable Post, should 
it meet with your approbation. 

" I am, Dr. Sir, Your most obedient, 

" Humble Servant, 

" Free Masons Hall " G. SMITH. 

"4 o'clock." 

Captain George Smith, Inspector of the Royal Military 
Academy at Woolwich, was appointed Provincial Grand 
Master of Kent in 1777, but not content with this distinctive 
honour, in 1780 he appears to have got the right side of the 
Duke of Manchester, then Grand Master, to make him 
Junior Grand Warden. This appointment was strongly 
opposed in the Grand Lodge by Heseltine, the Grand Secre- 
tary, on the ground of it being contrary to the "Spirit of the 
Laws of this Society " for the two offices to be held by the 
same person. This spirited action on the part of the Grand 
Secretary naturally led to a very warm discussion, but, 
being the day of the Grand Festival, the subject was 
adjourned for consideration at the next meeting of the 
Grand Lodge. Before that day arrived, however, Captain 
Smith resigned the office of J. G. Warden on the plea 
of '-'the ill state of his health." In 1783 he published 
" THE USE AND ABUSE OF FREE-MASONRY," for which 
he endeavoured to obtain the official sanction of the Grand 
Lodge, but that body would have nothing to do with his 
book. In 1784 he was charged with having concocted a 
begging petition, to which was affixed the seal of the Society, 
supposed to have been taken from a Certificate or Warrant, 
and with having forged the signature of the Grand Secretary 
thereto. Not attending in response to a summons to 
answer this complaint, he was formally expelled the Order 
on the 2nd of February, 1785. 

Grand Chapter Minutes, 12th of May, 1780. 

"A letter was read from Comp- Dunckerley, Gd. 



250 Thomas Dunclcerley. 

Superintendant for the County of Wilts, &c. &c., stating 
that in consequence of applications he had granted a 
Warrant of Constitution for a Chapter at New Sarum and 
also a Dispensation to some Companions of the first Regi- 
ment of Dragoons then quartered in that City, for holding 
a Chapter for one Year, the said Companions having an 
Authority from Perth were exalting many Bros, gratis : the 
impropriety whereof heing explained to them hy said 
G. S 4 " they requested him to receive them under the 
authority of this G. & R. Chapter. . . . The Com- 
panions (with the utmost respect for Comp n - Dunckerley 
and regard for his great Attention to the Honour as well as 
Prosperity of the G. & R. Ch r -) considered these Grants as 
exceeding the Bounds of his Office. ... Sir Herbert 
Mackworth moved thereupon. ' That a regular Patent for 
Grand Superintendants be made out, as also Instructions 
necessary for regulating their Conduct ; which motion 
receiving the Approbation of the Members, Companion 
Brooks obligingly undertook the framing them & also to 
write to Companion Dunckerley. Whereupon a motion was 
made that an extra Chapter be held on tbis day fortnight 
for adjusting the same, which was agreed to.' ' 

26th of May 1780. " Companion Brooks produced the 
form of a Warrant for authorizing Grand Superintendants, 
which, being read, met the unanimous approbation of the 
Comp 8 - He then produced a set of Instructions necessary 
to be observed by said Superintendants, which being duly 
considered & some small alterations being made therein the 
same were ordered to be esteemed binding as those contained 
in the printed Book of Bye Laws. 

" A polite Letter from Companion Dunckerley explaining 
his last in the fullest & most satisfactory manner being read, 
a Warrant of Constitution was ordered to be made out for 
the Chapter of Harmony at Salisbury, Cornp 8 - Dunckerley, 
Maton, & Burbridge : Principals." 



Memorials of Royal Arch Masonry. 251 

As there is nothing else on record expressing, or even 
implying, disapproval of Dunckerley 's conduct in connexion 
with the Grand Chapter; the statement, that he was 
" frequently reprimanded " by that body is incorrect and con- 
sequently misleading. 

October 13th, 1780. " A Letter was received & read 
from Comp n - Dunckerley acknowledging in the politest 
terms the Receipt of the Warrant of Constitution for the 
Chapter of Harmony at Salisbury, requesting that the County 
of Devon might be added in his Patent ; and petitioning 
that Warrants may be granted as hereunder, viz. : 

{To Alexander Campbell, Esq., ^ Chapter of 
John Fricker, I Amity,the 2nd 

( TTT J J 

William Walker, ) Wednesday. 

{George Andrews, ^ 

Richard Lacey, I Eurnovarian 

-B ( Chapter. 

Henry Bryer, ) 

. Chapter of 

/ George Lewis, ( Unity, 3rd 

Plymouth, < Robert Weatherley, < Thursday, 
Devon. I John Bidcock, I King's Arms 

* Inn. 

w'h Chapters being moved for separately, the petitions were 
unanimously granted & the G. Scribe was desired to make 
out Warrants for the same, as also a Patent for appointing, 
in form, our most Ex*- Comp n - Dunckerley, Grand Superin- 
tendant for Essex, Hants, Wilts, Dorset & Devon."* 

8th of November, 1782. "Several irregularities having 
crept into the Chapters held in the Counties of Somerset & 
Gloucester the Scribe was order'd to write to Bro. Dunckerley 
impowerioghimto act as Superintendent of the said Co unties." 

* This Patent as well as the Warrants named was duly signed at the 
next Grand Chapter, and on the 12th of January, 1781, a letter containing 
a Bill for the Fees of the Chapters at Poole and Plymouth was received 
from Supcrintendant Dunckerley. IT. S. 



252 Thomas Dunckerley. 

llth of April, 1783. "M.E. Comp n - Dunckerley by 
Letter inform'd the Chapter he had granted a Dispensation 
for a Chapter to be held at Birmingham by the Name of 
the Chapter of Fortitude and appointing, 
Richard Jescoate,* 
John Lloyd, [ Esqrs. 

John Hallen, ) 

to act as Principals, bearing Date the 6th inst, and requesting 
a Warrant of Constitution to be made out from the above 
date ; which was order'd accordingly." 

7th of November, 1783. "M.E. Comp 11 - Dunckerley 
having granted a Dispensation for a Chapter to be held at 
Weymouth, a Warrant for the same was this evening ex- 
ecuted, bearing Date by Dispensation 16th June, 1783, by 
Constitution 7th Nov. 1783, and appointing as principals : 
William Weldon, Z. 
James Stark, H. 
James Hamilton, J. 

12th of November, 1784. " Order (upon tbc application 
of the M.E. Dunckerley) for a Chapter to be held at Ipswich 
by the name of 'Prudence,' Bros. Robert Manning, Z. 
James Garrod, H., Robert Cole, J., to be addressed to Bro. 
Dixon, Trumpet Major of the 1st Regt. of Dragoon Guards 
at Ipswich." 

6th of May, 1785. " M.E. Dunckerley stood up in his 
place, and reported that he had wrote to 13 Chapters under 
his superintendance, the several answers to which he speci- 
fied, he also reported that he had been applied to, in 
writing from the various Chapters in the County of Kent, 
praying to be admitted into his particular care, as Super- 
intendant of tbe County : but not conceiving he had suffi- 
cient power at present for that purpose, he pray'd the G. 
and R. Chapter to grant him licence. 



; Jefcoate " in tlie 1?. A. Kemster. JI. S. 



Memorials of Royal Arch Masonry. 253 

" The question being put, & duly seconded, it passed in 
the affirmative, unanimously." 

llth of November, 1785. " M.E.Z. produced a Letter 
from M.E. Dunckerley, stating that he had sent him a Bill of 
6. Os. Od. for registering members of the G. and R.C. at 
Bristol : and also that he had sent a Letter to M.E. Const 
above a month before, containing a Bill of 7. 3s. Od. for 
registering members of the Gr. and R. Chapters at Colchester 
and Booking." 

10th of March, 1786. " M.E. Galloway having informed 
the Chapter that M.E. Dunckerley had it in prospect to 
establish a Chapter in the County of Surrey ; moved, and 
it was duly seconded, that Comp u - Duncker ley's intention 
merits the thanks and approbation of this G. & R. Chapter, 
which was unanimously agreed to." 

10th of November, 1786. " A motion was made by 
M.E. Galloway and seconded by M.E. Brooks, that M.E. 
Duackerley should be appointed Superintendant for the 
County of Suffolk, in the room of M.E. Holt, deceased ; it 
was carried unanimously." 

9th of February, 1787. "A Letter was read from our 
M.E. Comp"- Dunckerley giving an account of two Con- 
stitutions and Registering Fees and enclosing a Draft on 
his Banker for Ten Pounds, viz. : Six Guineas for two Con- 
stitutions for Kingston & Bridgewater, and Three Pounds 
14/- for Registering Fees." 

9th of March, 1787. "A Letter was received from our 
M.E. Companion Dunckerley which was read, and by par- 
ticular desire of M.E. Brooks was referred to a Committee." 

13th of April, 1787. " M.E. Galloway acquainted the 
Companions that our M E. Comp 11 Dunckerley 's Letter read at 
the last Chapter had been considered ; and it was unanimously 
agreed, that a Letter should be wrote to acquaint him, that a 
Plate was preparing for Printing the Constitutions, which 
would prevent in future the delays he had complained uf." 



254 Thomas Dunckerley, 

November 9th, 1787. " M.E. Heseltine moved that 
our M.E. Companion Dunckerley be permitted to take the 
Superintendance of the County of Sussex, and to annex the 
same with the other Counties at present mentioned in his 
Provincial "Warrant ; which, being duly seconded, passed 
unanimously in the affirmative." 

January llth, 1788. "A Letter was received from our 
M.E. Companion Dunckerley containing a List of Chapters 
granted Constitutions, and a List of Companions to be 
Registered, with the sum of 149. Is. Od. for Fees, &c." 

March 14th, 1788. "Companion Thos. Dunckerley 
having by letter requested to be appointed Superintendant of 
the County of Durham, It was unanimously Ordered in 
the Affirmative. 

" Companion Dunckerley having also by his said Letter 
informed the R.A.C. that he had received a Letter dated 
llth January with a Petition from the Chapter of Vigilance 
to be held at Darlington, in the County of Durham, It 
was unanimously ordered in the Affirmative, and that a 
Warrant be made out thereupon." 

February 13th, 1789. "A Letter was received from 
Companion Dunckerley inclosing a Draft for 12. 10s. being 
the Balance of his Ace*-' also requesting a Warrant of Con- 
stitution for a Chapter to be held at Bury St. Edmunds, in 
the County of Suffolk, John Pate, Z., William Norford, H., 
James Parker, J. A Warrant was accordingly granted." 

December llth. "A letter was received from Comp'n. 
Dunckerley informing the Grand Chapter, that the Chapter 
of Unity No. 23, held at Plymouth, had not sent any re- 
gistering fees for Seven years past, pretending not to have 
received the Exaltation fees, also that their Companions were 
now in arrears, on which Comp 11 - Dunckerley requested the 
Grand Chapter would confirm his having struck the said 
Chapter off the List. 

" A Motion was thereupon made & Confirmed that a 



Memorials of Royal Arch Masonry. 255 

Letter be forthwith writ to the said Chapter, informing them 
if they do not pay up their arrears, that the Grand Chapter 
will of course accede to the request of Comp n - Dunckerley." 

January 28th, 1790. "A Letter was received & read 
from Comp n - Dunckerley, inclosirg a Draft for 10. 0. 
(which was paid to the Treasurer) requesting the Chapter to 
agree to erase the Chapter No. 23." 

This request does not appear to have been complied 
with for the Chapter remained on the List until 1813 
although it registered no members after 1791. 

During this year Dunckerley attended several meetings 
of the Grand Chapter, generally filling one of the Principal 
Offices. On the 27th of January, 1791, he " was unani- 
mously elected our M.E.Z. for the current year." He was in- 
stalled on the 24th of February when it was " Resolved 
That the M.E.Z. do now appoint his own Officers which was 
accordingly done." The officers were usually elected by 
ballot at the same time as the M.E.Z. Eight meetings of 
the Grand Chapter were held during the year 1791, at four 
of which Dunckerley presided. His last attendance was on 
the 4th of May, 1792. 

October 29th, 1795. " The Recorder produced several 
Letters received since the last Chapter, one of which was 
from our M.E. Comp"- Thomas Dunckerley Dated 9th ulto. 
by which he most solemnly declares his surrender of the 
Office of Super intend ant of the several Counties, &c., and 
every other Office named in the Grand Chapter." 

November 26th, 1795. " Present, Allen & Cooper. 
" Examined several Accounts. 

" M. E. Comp"- Dunckerley died 19th ulto. at Portsea.* 
It was judg'd proper that an enquiry should be made of his 
Executors for any Accounts relating to this Order, as he had 
received from time to time many Sums of Money for Regis- 
ters, &c., which he had never communicated." 

* Duuckerley died on the 19th of November, 1795. II. S. 



256 Thomas Dunckerley. 

The Grand Chapter appears to have been then 
at a very low ehb, and was nearer dissolution than 
at any other period of its history, the attendances being 
exceedingly small. Only two Companions are mentioned 
as attending the last two meetings ; one of these being 
Benjamin Cooper, Grand Recorder, or Scribe E., whose pen 
was made the instrument of as gross a libel as ever was 
perpetrated.* Had not this contemptible and unfounded 
statement already appeared in print, I should not have 
given it a place in this volume, and I am of opinion 
that in justice to the memory of one who did so much for 
the Craft in general and Royal Arch Masonry in particular, 
it should be expunged from the records. 

At this period the Grand Chapter was most unfortunate 
in the selection of its executive officers, the accounts appear 
to have been kept in the loosest possible manner, or rather, 
not kept at all, unless in the interest of one individual. On the 
14th of April, 1792, a Committee of Investigation was held, 
and " the Treasurer attended with his accounts, being obliged 
to retire, by reason of some particular business before the arrival 
of Companion Cooper, left the following memorandum : 

"I have left with the Committee an Account of all 
monies received by me of any person on account of the 
Royal Arch, at any time during the time to which this book 
reaches. " (Signed) FR S> CONST." 

" Companion Cooper's account of monies received by 
him as entered in the Minute Book and List of Members 
Amounting to the sum of (for the years 1791 

and 1792) 208 11 6 

The Treasurer's receipts for the above period 

amounting to ... ... ... ... 182 4 6 

Deficient 26 7 



* The Lion WHS dead 1 II. S. 



Memorials of Royal Arch Masonry. 257 

" Order'd that the above variance in the said accounts 
be adjusted previous to the next meeting of the Chapter." 

Whether or no this order was ever complied with is not 
clearly stated ; but the committee made a lengthy report to 
the Grand Chapter a fortnight later, a portion of which is as 
follows : 

"Your Committee regret that after the most minute 
enquiry, they have not been able to discover in whose pos- 
session the original Minute Book, Cash Book, and your 
Treasurer's late Accompt Book is, which puts it out of their 
power to make a particular statement of Receipts and Dis- 
bursements 

" Your Committee recommend that Comp n - Cooper make 
out a List of such companions marked in the Book by him 
as paid : (which he says is a mistake) and that he make en- 
quiry & answer for them on the next Chapter night. 

" Your Committee recommend that the Cash account be 
balanced every Chapter night and read with the Minutes for 
Confirmation." 

In 1800 fresh financial complications arose, and strenuous 
efforts were made to induce the Recorder to produce his 
accounts with what success will be shown by the following 
extract. 

" FREE MASONS TAVERN, 27th August, 1801. At a Meeting 
of Principals of Chapters convened for the purpose of 
receiving Mr. Cooper's Report as to his Receipts and 
Disbursements for the Grand Chapter. 
" RESOLVED, that Mr. Cooper be indulged agreeably to his 
last request with further Time to produce his Accounts 
so long and so frequently promised. 

" RESOLVED also, that Mr. Allen, the Grand Treasurer be 
requested to give directions to Mr. Cooper to summon the 
Grand Officers and Members of the Grand Chapter together 
with the Principals of the several Chapters within the Bills 
of Mortality to meet here as a Special Grand Chapter on 



2o8 Thomas Dunckerley. 

Friday, the 16th day of October next, at 7 o' Clock in the 
Evening When it is expected that Mr. Cooper will not, on 
any account, fail to attend such Chapter with his Accounts 
completely made out, together with the Books and Papers 
belonging to the Society for General Inspection. And that 
a Copy of this Resolution be transmitted by the Treasurer to 
Mr. Cooper." 

There is no record of a meeting on the 16th of October, 
but, on the 17th of December, " The Grand Recorder paid 
over to the Grand Treasurer 80 on acc't. of the balance of 
Cash received by him but was not able to state the exact 
sum from having mislaid some of the Papers." 

The Grand Chapter had evidently seen almost enough 
of Cooper, for at the election of Officers on the 16th of 
December, 1802, he was superseded, and a more competent 
and trustworthy person appointed, who appears to have 
experienced considerable difficulty with his predecessor. 

At a meeting held on the 22nd of February, 1803. 

" It was order'd that Comp 11 - Cooper should be sum- 
moned to appear in his place and finally render up his 
accounts, together with such Articles belonging to the G. 
Chapter as remain in his possession by virtue of his late 
office, on or before the General Chapter of Communication in 
March next." Companion Cooper did not attend in response 
to this summons nor is he again mentioned in the records. 
In my opinion Grand Chapter was well rid of him at any 
price, for, judging from the Minutes, it improved immedi- 
ately, as if relieved from a dead weight, and soon attained a 
higher degree of respectability and importance than it had 
occupied for several years. I think enough has been said 
to show the true character of Dunckerley 's detractor and how 
utterly unworthy of credence must be the slanderous statement 
made by him, probably with a hope of covering his own 
malpractices. 



Memorials of Royal Arch Masonry. 259 

The worst that can be honestly said of Dunckerley is, 
that his zeal occasionally prompted him to actions which 
might now be deemed improper, but which doubtless at 
that period and from his point of view were perfectly justifi- 
able. The alleged offence of having granted a Dispensa- 
tion for the Chapter of Harmony at Salisbury would in 
the case of Craft Masonry, have been deemed perfectly 
legitimate and deserving of the commendation of the Society ; 
it being customary for Provincial Grand Masters to grant 
Dispensations, and, in some cases Warrants, for lodges in 
their jurisdictions and then report the circumstances to the 
Grand Lodge. There can be little, if any, doubt that it was 
mainly owing to the exertions and influence of Dunckerley 
and his personal friends that the Grand Chapter was brought 
into existence and the fact of his having been placed at the 
head of that Assembly a second time sufficiently evinces 
the regard in which he was held by the members of it. 

The following is a List of the Counties presided over by 
Dunckerley as Grand Superintendent of Royal Arch Masons, 
with an approximate period of his service.* 

Bristol, 1782-1795. Cornwall, 1793-1795. 

Devonshire, 1780-1795. Dorsetshire, 1780-1795. 

Durham, 1788-1795. Essex, 1776-1795. 

Gloucestershire, 1782-1795. Hampshire, 1778-1782. 

Herefordshire, 1793-1795. I. of Wight, 1778-1795. 

Kent, 1785-1795. Nottinghamshire, 1793-1795. 

Somersetshire, 1782-1795. Suffolk, 1786-1795. 

Surrey, 1789-1795. Sussex, 1787-1795. 

Warwickshire, 1793-1795. Wiltshire, 1780-1790. 



* Dunckerley was the first Grand Superintendent of all these 
Counties except Kent and Suffolk. 



260 Thomas Dunckerley. 

MEMORIALS OF MASONIC TEMPLARISM. 

It would afford me great pleasure to be able to introduce 
the following letters by a brief sketch of the origin of the 
Order to which they refer, but I feel that by attempting 
anything of the kind I should run a serious risk of getting 
out of my depth. I must, therefore, content myself with 
merely offering them as contributions for the use of possible 
future historians. 

That Dunckerley was the first Grand Master of the 
Masonic Knights Templar in England, is, I believe, not 
disputed, but whether he introduced the degree to this 
country or only consolidated and organised what was pre- 
viously a comparatively small number of enthusiasts without 
an acknowledged head are questions which I have no means 
of determining. As an expression of opinion merely, 1 should 
say he had no more to do with the invention of Masonic 
Templarism than he had to do with the invention of the 
Royal Arch Degree, and that his first acquaintance with 
these bodies was of a similar character. Undoubtedly he had 
a strong affection for both Orders, and had they been his own 
creations he could not possibly have been more proud of them. 

The following correspondence for which I am indebted to 
Michael C. Peck, Past G. Standard Bearer of England, who 
has kindly permitted me to publish it, will throw consider- 
able light on Dunckerley's early connection with the Order 
under notice. 

Copy of Draft Letter from York, 1791. 
" Dear Brother, 

" After our Most Excellent Exalted Bro. Sir Thomas 
Dixon of the 1st Dragoon Guards left York, we the Com- 
panions whose Names are annex'd had met occasionally, & 
waited with the most fervent anxiety till the time sh (l - 
arrive that we were to look up to a Grand Master under 
whose patronage the Knights Templar sh rt - again flourish, 
& the happy moment has now come, in which we most 



Memorials of Masonic Templarism. 261 

cordially congratulate our Most Excellent & Exalted Bro. 
Comp n - Knight, & Grand Master, SIR THOS. DUNCKERLEY 
as our Head & Chief. And we all most cordially submit our- 
selves to your care & protection, and to such Bye Laws & 
Regulations as shall be sent from time to time for the better 
guidance & government of the Encampment, whose Title is 
REDEMPTION, & purpose holding our encampment regularly 
the First Friday in each month at Brother Seller's, the 
Golden Lion Inn, Thursday Market. 

" We shall esteem ourselves most particularly obliged by 
being favoured with such Laws & Regulations as are now 
in being for the better order & good govern*- of the En- 
campment, with a power to make such other regulations for 
the better govern*- of our own private encampment as may not 
infringe upon the General Laws of the original Institution. 

"We shall be happy to hear that the Encamp* 8 - in 
England increase, & make no doubt but they will, under 
such an able & judicious Grand Master, which God Almighty 
grant that all the Kingdoms of this world may become the 
Kingdom of our Blessed Lord & Saviour Jesus Christ. 

" P.S. Should Sir Thos. Dixon be in the Neighbour- 
hood all our best wishes attend him. 

" Any Hymns or Sonnets &c. relative to the Order will 
be considered as an additional obligation." 




DUNCKERLEY'S SEAL or THE KNIGHTS KAPOSH. 



262 Thomas Dunckerhy. 

*" Hampton Court Palace, 

" March 22nd, 1791. 

" Most Excellent and Exalted Knights Companions 
of the Encampment of Redemption (being No. 5 of England) 
held at the Golden Lion Inn in the City of York. 

" I accept with gratitude the confidence you place in me 
as Grand Master by the Will of God, of the Most Noble 
and Exalted Religious and Military Order of Masonic Knights 
Templar of St. John of Jerusalem. I must request that as soon 
as possible you send to me the Names, Ages, Profession 
& Residence of all the Knights of your Encampment, as I 
intend to have a regular Register of our Order. Being 
Grand Superintendent of Royal Arch Masons at Bristol, I 
was requested by the Knights Templar in that City (who 
have had an Encampment time immemorial) to accept the 
Office of Grand Master, which I had no sooner comply'd 
with than Petitions were sent to me for the same purpose 
from London 1, Bath 2, the first Regiment of Dragoon 
Guards 3, Colchester 4, York 5, Dorchester 6, and 
Biddeford 7. I suppose there are many more Encampments 
in England, which with God's permission I may have the 
happiness to revive & assist. It has already been attended 
with a blessing, for I have been but iwo months Grand 
Master & have already 8 Encampments under my care. 
You will see by the List on the other side that the Chapter 
of Unity of Royal Arch Masons No. 17 is held in the 
City of York. I beg to know if there are any Knights 
Templar among them. Is Thursday Market the name of 
a Street in York ? I had the pleasure of a letter from 
that very worthy Knight Sir Thos. Dixon, dated the 4th 



* A portion of this letter first appeared in the Appendix to Peck's 
edition of "Mackey's Lexicon." II. S. 



Memorials of Masonic Templarism. 263 

instant from Dorchester, the Regiment is to march for 
Salisbury the beginning of next Month ; he expects soon to 
pass the Board at London for Superannuation, & has 
promis'd to pass a day or two with me at this place. I 
shall form a few Statutes for regulating our Order as soon 
as I have appointed the Grand Officers of the Grand 
Encampment of All England, to be held on the 24th of 
June annually at London. 

" The following I submit to your consideration : 

" That every regular Encampment be constituted by 
Warrant, sign'd by the Grand Master, & witness'd by the 
Grand Scribe, for which one Guinea is to be paid ; 10/6 for 
furnishing Robes for the Grand Master & 10/6 for engross- 
ing the Warrant 

" That every Knight pay 5/-, for which he will receive 
a certificate sign'd by the second Grand Scribe of his being 
register'd in the Gd. Chapter. 

" That no Knight be install'd for a less sum than One 
Guinea for the use of that Encampment, and 5/- for his 
Certificate from the Grand Chapter. 

" I have given No. 5 to y r Encampment tho' Dorchester 
& Biddeford petition'd previous to your Application, but as 
no Dispensations or Warrants are yet made out, I show 
every preference in my power to the second City in the 
kingdom. 

"If these Regulations meet with your approbation, 
signify the same to me as soon as convenient, and I will 
send you a Dispensation, till the Warrant is made out. 
" Your Most Affectionate Comp"-' &c., 

. DUNCKERLEY. 



" I never heard of any Hymns or Odes on the Order of 
Knights Templar, but will on a future day (with God's 
assistance) attempt something of the kind. I did some 
years past write an Hymn to be sung after the opening of a 



264 Thomas Dunckerley. 

Royal Arch Chapter. It is published with the Music 
(price 6d,) by Mr. Fentum at his Music Shop, the corner of 
Salisbury Street in the Strand, where it may be had by any 
of your Friends in Town. T. D."* 

For copies of the following letters I am under obliga- 
tions to William James Hughan, Past Grand Deacon of 
England. 

" Redruth, 17th August, A.D. 1791. 

"A.L. 5795. 
" To Thomas Dunckerley, Esq., 

" Grand Superintendant of the Most 
" Exalted Order of Royal Arch Masons, &c., &c. 

" Bro. & Companion, 

"Your letter of Dispensation of the 15th July, 
directed to Bro. Companion Harrison of the Peace & Fame 
Chapter at Plymouth Dock was handed to us by Bro. Com- 
panion Tregoning one of the Principals of that Chapter, 
and agreeable to your directions, The officers have been 
placed in their proper Chairs & have Exalted three Brethren 
of the Druids Lodge of Love & Liberality to the sublime 
Degree of Royal Arch Masons, you may be assured that 
every attention shall be paid to its Glorious precepts, and 
particular care taken in the Exaltation of Companions. As 
soon as the "Warrant is ready you will be pleased to forward 
it to us at this Place, with such instructions as will suit you 
to send for our assistance & Government. We see on your 
Letter to Bro. Harrison of the 8th July a Print relative to 
the Royal & Exalted Religious & Military order of Knights 
Templars & that you are the Most Eminent & Supreme 
Grand Master. 

" There are some of that Order in this place, & Bro. 

<" * See page 301. 



Memorials of Masonic Templarism. 265 

John Knight of the Druids' Chapter has formerly presided 
a Grand Master, we cou'd wish to know the expence of a 
Warrant or Dispensation & what steps it will be necessary 
to take for the obtaining the same. 

" We beg leave to return you our warmest thanks for 
your ready compliance with our Petition as also for your con- 
descension in offering to take us under your immediate 
Patronage, this we assure you we shall accept with the 
greatest pleasure & that we remain, 

" Most exalted & Noble Grand Master of Royal 
" Arch Masons, &c., &c., 

" Your affectionate Bros. & Companions. 

JOHN KNIGHT, Z. 
PETER PENDER, H. 
PHILIP TREVENA, J." 

" Hampton Court Palace, 
" M. E. Cornp" " August 26th, 179 1 . 

" As the Grand & Royal Chapter will not meet till 
the last Thursday in October, your Warrant cannot be signed 
before that time, when the Scribe sends it to me I shall 
forward it immediately to you. The price of a Patent for 
a Conclave & Chapter of Knights Templars is 1. 6s. with 
5/- for each Knight, for which Certificates will be sent. 
If there are 3 or more Knights among ye I will grant you 
a Patent, if you can send me the first letter of the Pass 
word and last letter of sacred word. 

" The established Sash to be worn by every Knight in 

Chapter will cost - 6/- 

" The Gilt Cross - 7 6 

" The Silver Star - 7 6 

*!/- 



266 Thomas Dunckerley. 

Statutes, 3/- When you write in future I must request 
you will pay the Postage & charge it to your Chapter. 

" Present my affectionate Greeting to all the Com- 
panions. 

" From your faithful Bro., &c., &c., 

"THOS. DUNCKERLEY." 

"Most Excellent Companion, 

" It is with great pleasure that I can now send your 
Patent for the R.A. Chapter with a Book of the Statutes 
& also those of the order of Knights Templars, with an im- 
pression of the Great Seal, I shall (in the next printed list) 
insert the County of Cornwall under my superintendance 
& shall at all times take pleasure in doing every service in 
my power for the Druids' Chapter. 

" Please acknowledge the receipt of your Patent by a 
letter in return (Post paid). Present my affectionate re- 
gards to all the Comp ns - & believe me, 

" Your faithful Comp n - &c., 
" 26th November, 1791." " THOS. DDNCKERLEY. 



" To a Patent of Constitution - 1 60 

3 Certificates at 5/- - 15 

3 Sashes, 3 Stars & 3 Crosses - 3 6 

10 Books of Statutes at 6d. - 5 

Box - 16 
Carriage of the Sashes &c. from London 

to Hampton Court - 6 

5 14 



" Hampton Court Palace, 

" 21st Dec., 1791. 
" Dear Bro. & Kn 4 - Comp n - 

"According to your request I send the above, the 
last letter of the principal word is right therefore when I 



Memorials of Masonic Templarism. 267 

hear from you in return shall forward what you desire; 
let me have the Title of your Conclave & the names, ages 
& professions of the other Knights. When the next list 
is published of R.A. Chapters you will know the number. 
T believe you have forgot the Pass word, but trust you will 
find it among your Companions to whom present my affect- 
ionate regards. 

" Your faithful Bro. & Kn*- Comp n -> 

DUNCKERLEY." 



" Hampton Court Palace, December 30th, 

"A.L. 5795, A.D., 1791. 

" A. 0. 673, A. C. 477. 

* " My much esteem'd Bro. & K e - Cornp"-' 
" Sir B. Craven, 

" It was with much pleasure that I heard, lately, 
from Miss Hervey of your having a Company for I understood 
that you was in Ireland. I thrice heartily congratulate you 
on your Marriage and your promotion. If you have not 
relinquish'd Masonry I do myself the pleasure to appoint 
you Senior Grand Warden for the County of Essex. I 
have the honour to be Gr. Master of the Knights Templars 
and send to you (by our Bro. White of Colchester, Gr. Secre- 
tary for Essex) the Statutes of the Order and y e impression 
of the Great Seal. I am inform'd there are Knights 
companions at Maiden of which (if convenient) I beg you 
will enquire, as I should be glad to constitute a Conclave 
& Field Encampment in Essex of which I would appoint 
you the Eminent. 



* The original of this letter is in the possession of Mark E. Frost, 
P.P.S.G. Warden of Hants, who kindly placed it at my disposal for the 
purpose of this volnme. H. S. 



268 Thomas Duncktrley. 

"I shall be happy to hear from you in return. Your 
Sister D. the Lady Patroness of Knights Templars unites 
with me in wishing all happiness to Sister Craven & your- 
self. 

" I remain your affect. Bro. & K* Comp n - 

DUNCKKRLEY." 



" Hampton Court Palace, 

"January 27th, 1792. 
*"Dear Bro. & Kn*- Comp n - 

" I am concerned that there is so great a distance 
between us as it would give me much pleasure to communi- 
cate to any Conclave that I have constituted, the Masonic 
knowledge which I have gleaned in Europe, America & 
Africa for forty years past. 

"Although Mrs. Dunckerley (the Lady Patroness of 
Knight Templars) is near 80 years of age, and I am not far 
from 70, yet we intend (with God's permission) to visit the 
West of England next summer, and if we should winter at 
Plymouth, it is probable that I may have the happiness of 
conversing with some of the Knights Companions from 
Exeter, Redruth & Biddeford. I was selected Grand 
Master to revive the Order in England in February, 1791 
and have had the pleasure to constitute the following Con- 
claves, viz : 

CONCLAVES. ENCAMPMENTS. 

Of Observance of the Seven London Coffee House, Lud- 

Degrees. gate Hill. 

Of Redemption. York. 



* A Copy of this letter was sent to George Blizard Abbott, in 1877, 
by the late John Coombe, of Hayle, with permission to publish it, but 
as Bro. Abbott did not then use it he has kindly consented to its insertion 
in this volume. H. S. 



Memorials of Masonic Templarism. 269 

CONCLAVES. ENCAMPMENTS. 

Royal Cumberland. Bath. Bear Inn, 

Fortitude. First Regiment of Dragoon 

Guards. 

Trine. Biddeford. New Ring of Bells. 

Naval. Portsmouth. 

Durnovarian. Dorchester. Royal Oak. 

Harmony. Salisbury. Parade Coffee 

House. 

Royal Edward. Hereford. Bowling Green. 

St. John of Jerusalem. Redruth. London Inn.* 

" I have sent a Uniform button and pattern of the Cloth 
for a Frock to be worn, which I have established to be worn 
in the several Conclaves. The Coat will take 14 Buttons, 
ten in front & four for the hips, & shirts with two very small 
gilt buttons at the opening of each sleeve, and a White Kersy- 
mer Waistcoat & White French casket buttons, with black 
breeches. A cheap suit of Clothes that may be worn by 
men of all professions, and at any time. I paid the Taylor 
4. 4s. Od. fur my Coat & Waistcoat. In all the Chapters 
Cock'd Hats and Cockades are worn with Swords and black 
velvet stocks. The Stocks, Cockades & Swords to be kept 
in a box at each Chapter. 

"Most of the Knights (I have more than 120 registred) 
have already appeared in their uniforms, in compliance with 
my recommendation and request, and I shall be happy to 



* Shortly after this list was written another Conclave was estab- 
lished in London, at the Rainbow Coffee House, Cavendish Square; 
the Charter, bearing Dunckerley's signature and an " impression of the 
Great Seal" has recently been presented to The Great Priory of Eng- 
land and Wales, by John J. Fakes, P.M. & Secretary of the Royal Oak 
Lodge No. 871. It is a very neatly engraved document but the written 
parts are nearly illegible. It appears to have been granted to Sir Knight 
Thomas Troop Turner, and others, and bears date Dtli of February 
171)2. II. S. 



270 Thomas Duuckerley. 

hear that you add to y e number, if not attended with in- 
convenience. 

" The sashes &c. &c. are come to hand within this hour 
& I write hastily that the Box may go from London by 
y e mail Coach to-morrow evening. 

" My Wife unites with me wishing every success to our 
Order sacred to the memory of Redemption, and you have 
our hearty Greeting. 

" Your faithful & affectionate 

" Comp n - & Brother, 

"THOS. DUNCKERLEY." 

"I wish you would amend the liT o n the Patent, 
under my name. It is the signature of our Order, Templum 
Hierosolyma Eques. For the Royal Arch it is ill Templum 
Hierosolyma" 

LETTERS FROM 
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS PRINCE EDWARD, 

DUKE OF KENT, GRAND PATRON 
OF THE ORDER OF MASONIC KNIGHTS TEMPLAR. 

The following four letters from the pen of the Father 
of our Most Gracious Majesty Queen Victoria, and the 
Grandfather of our Most Worshipful Grand Master, will, I 
make no doubt, be deemed well worthy of perusal, evincing 
as they do, the warm interest taken by the writer in Free- 
masonry, but more especially in relation to the branch of the 
Order under notice. 

" Quebeck, 27th Oct., 1792. 
" Dear Mr. Dunckerley, 

" I have the pleasure of acknowledging the receipt 
of your 2 kind letters of the 28th May & the 21st July. 
I request that you express to the Noble Knights my par- 
ticular thanks for their most acceptable Present of your 



Memorials of Masonic Temptarism. 271 

Portrait. It is a Masterpiece of execution & extremely 
like. You may be assured that I value it doubly, as being 
their Gift & a remembrance of you. I hope you are suffi- 
ciently acquainted with my sentiments of regard & esteem 
for your person, so that I trust my repetitions on that Head 
will be needless. 

" Nothing gives me greater pleasure than to hear of the 
advancement of that Order, which, in my humble opinion, is 
of all Masonry the most valuable. 

" I believe I mentioned to you at Carlton House my 
great predilections for the lodges of that high Order being 
decorated with compleat hangings adapted to the Class of 
the Craft ; pray let me have your opinion & that of the 
Kts. on this subject, for on my return to England, which I 
hope will be in 1794 or 1795, I should be pleased to find 
this Idea carried into execution for the Grand Conclave. I 
have received the different Masonic Papers with which you 
favoured me. In answer to your kind enquiries after my 
Health, I have the pleasure of informing you that it con- 
tinues good, notwithstanding the prodigious variation in this 
Climate from the month of June to that of October. 

" I shall now with sincere wishes for your Health and 
Happiness, conclude with subscribing myself 
" Your most truly devoted 

" And obedt. Humble Servant & Brother, 

" EDWARD, 

" Col. of the Royal Fuziliers. 
" Thomas Dunckerley." * 

" Quebec, Nov. 20, 1793. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I had the pleasure of being favoured with your 
kind letter of the 4th of July about three weeks since. 

* The original letter is in the archives of the Grand Lodge of 
England. H. S, 



272 



Thomas Dunckerley. 



Accept my thanks for your communication of the proceed- 
ings of the Grand Chapter. I regret much that from the 
nature of my situation there is no likelihood of my removing 
from hence till June or July next year ; and even then it is 
out of my power to say whether my lot will carry me back 
to England or to another foreign station. I shall think 
myself particularly fortunate when circumstances will permit 
my meeting the Knights in Grand Chapter in London : of 
this I request you will assure them the first time that you 
assemble, begging them to accept of my most hearty and 
best wishes for their welfare and prosperity. I shall be 
flattered with hearing from you from time to time, and par- 
ticularly so when you are able to inform me of the good 
state of your health ; having nothing further to add, I beg, 
with the sincerest esteem, to subscribe myself 

" Your most devoted and obedient servant, 

"EDWARD, 

" Colonel of the Royal Fuziliers. 
"Thomas Dunckerley, Esq., 

" Hampton Court Palace." * 




DUNCKERLEY'S SEAL OF THE GRAND CONCLAVE, K.T. 



* From " The Freemasons' Magazine," August, 1794. II. S. 



Memorials of Masonic Templarism. 273 

For the two following letters I am indebted to Bro. 
Reuben Williamson, P.M. of No. 521, who carefully copied 
them, with others, from printed documents in the archives 
of the Hope Preceptory, No. 4, Huddersfield, and I much 
regret that want of space precludes my utilising all the 
interesting extracts, &c., so kindly forwarded. 

" Halifax, Aug. 8, 1794. 
" Dear Sir, 

" By a number of unforeseen circumstances, a Ser- 
vant of mine into whose Hands my Agents in London gave 
your Letter of the 9th of May, '93, did not join me until 
the second of last month, and consequently I did not receive 
your Favour till that Period. I now beg to take the earliest 
opportunity that has offered of writing, to return you my 
best Thanks for the Calendar and Masonic Papers, which 
came safe to Hand. The very obliging manner in which 
you mentioned having held a Grand Chapter of Knights 
Templars at Southampton, to celebrate my Birth-Day, was 
particularly flattering ; and I now beg you will accept of 
my warmest Thanks for yourself, and at the same Time 
present them to the Brethren for their Remembrance of me. 
You will probably have heard of my leaving Canada, in the 
commencement of last Winter, to join the Army in the 
West Indies. I returned from thence to this part of the 
World as soon as the Campaign was over, and am now 
waiting here for his Majesty's further Commands. I now 
beg to subscribe myself, with true Regard, 
" Your sincere Well- Wisher, 

" And most obedient Servant, 

" EDWARD, 
" Major-General, &c., &c. 

" P.S. Aug. 23. The July Pacquet arrived here a few 
days since, and with it your kind Letter of the 4th of July, 
with its Inclosures. I have only Time to return you my 
Thanks for the Communication of the very respectable Con- 



Thomas Dunckerley. 

duct of the Knights on the late Appearance of the French, 
threatening to invade England ; and I beg you to assure 
them of the true Pleasure I have received from this Circum- 
stance. His Majesty has decided for the present that I 
shall remain to command in Nova Scotia, 
"Thomas Dunckerley, Esq., 

" Hampton Court Palace, Middlesex." 

" Dear Sir, Halifax, July 19th, 1795. 

" I was favored on the 30th of last month with your 
obliging letter of the 17th of April ; for which, and the 
assurance therein contained of the kind remembrance of the 
Noble Knights, I beg to return you and them my most 
hearty thanks. It gives me the truest satisfaction to hear 
that the Order increases so rapidly ; and I am particularly 
pleased to learn from you, that the zeal of the Knights has 
induced those residing in Cumberland, Cornwall and the 
distant Counties, to enroll themselves in the regiments 
stationed in those Counties ; I think your own intention of 
standing forward in the defence of the Kingdom highly 
meritorious. I was much concerned to hear of your having 
suffered so much from ill health ; but sincerely hope, as your 
letter is written in most excellent spirits, that you are 
thoroughly recovered. It remains for me to return you my 
thanks for the very polite attention you paid to the celebra- 
tion of my Birth-Day and to request, that you will assure 
the Noble Knights of my particular friendly remembrance. 
Trusting that you will remain assured, that I shall ever be 
proud to acknowledge myself, 

" Your truly devoted and obedient, 

Humble Servant, 

EDWARD. 
" Major General, commanding His Majesty's Forces in 

the Province of Nova-Scotia and its Dependencies. 
" To Thomas Dunckerley, Esq. 

" Hampton Court Palace, Middlesex." 



Memorials of Masonic Templar ism. 275 

On the 10th of February, 1790, the Grand Master in 
the Chair, reported to the Grand Lodge, that " H.R.H. 
Prince Edward had been initiated into Masonry in the 
Union Lodge, at Geneva; it was thereupon, RESOLVED 
UNANIMOUSLY, That, in testimony of the high sense the 
Grand Lodge entertains of the great Honour conferred on 

the Society his Royal Highness be presented 

with an Apron lined with blue silk, and, in all future pro- 
cessions, do rank as a Past Grand Master." 

By a Patent bearing date the 26th of January, 1790, 
His Royal Highness was appointed "Provincial Grand 
Master for the Garrison, Town and Territory of Gibraltar, 
and the Province of Andalusia in Old Spain." 

In 1792 he was appointed Provincial Grand Master for 
Lower Canada, by the Grand Lodge " According to the old 
Institutions," and in 1813 he accepted the Grand Mastership 
of that Society in order the better to facilitate an union of 
the two rival Grand Lodges. His efforts being happily 
crowned with success, he nominated his younger brother, the 
Duke of Sussex, as Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge, 
and a few months later, in conjunction with the Duke of 
Athole, he installed his Royal relative into that high office. 

" DEAR BROTHER AND KNIGHT COMPANION. 

" As the nation is preparing to guard against an in- 
vasion from our enemies, if they should have the temerity to 
make an attempt, it is become my duty, at this important 
crisis, to request and require that such of you as can, without 
prejudice to your families, do hold yourselves in readiness 
(as Knights Templars) to unite with and be under the com- 
mand of the officers of the military corps stationed in your 
respective counties, as may be most convenient, taking the 
name of ' Prince Edward's Royal Volunteers.' When the 
important moment arrives, I shall offer my services in the 

navy or army ; and whenever I have the honour to be 

T 2 



276 Thomas Dunckerley. 

received, shall inform you of my address ; and although we 
are prevented, by adverse circumstances, from assembling to- 
gether where I might have had the honour and happiness 
of commanding in person, yet our hearts will be united in 
the glorious cause, in conformity to the sacred obligations we 
are under. Let our prayers be addressed to the Throne of 
Grace ; that as Christ's faithful soldiers and servants we 
may be enabled to defend the Christian religion, our gracious 
Sovereign, our laws, liberties, and properties, against a 
rapacious enemy. Let the words of the day be The Will of 
G-od : and let us remember that a day, an hour of virtuous 
liberty, is worth a whole eternity of bondage. 

"The Knights Companions are required to wear the 
uniform of the corps in which they serve as volunteers, with 
the Cross of the Order of the Knights Templars on a black 
riband between two button-holes on the breast of the waist- 
coat. 

" Your faithful Brother and Knight Companion, 

" THOMAS DUNCKERLEY (G.M.) 
" Southampton, April \\th, 

"A.D. 1794, A.O. 676." 

" The following is the COPY of a LETTER from REDRUTH 
in CORNWALL, in answer to the preceding." 

" MOST EMINENT AND SUPREME GRAND MASTER. 

" AGREEABLE to your desire, signified to me by your 
esteemed favour of the llth ultimo, I held a conclave of 
the Order of Knights Templars in our field of encampment 
at this place, on Monday the 28th ultimo ; where I laid 
your letter before the Knights Companions. I have the 
happiness to inform you that I found them steadfast in 
their religious principles and unanimous in their loyalty and 
patriotism to their King and Country. Two of the Knights 
Companions are officers in the Penryn Volunteers corps, and 
will follow your directions in wearing the Cross of the Order, 
&c. The rest of the Companions residing at a distance 



Memorials of Masonic Templarism. 277 

from any established corps, will be ready on any emergant 
occasion to unite with them ; and they have entered into a 
subscription (as Knight Templars), to be applied towards 
the defence of the country ; and as there is a general sub- 
scription at Bodmin, for the county, and several volunteer 
corps on the coast for local defence, we beg your opinion and 
advice how to apply the money we have subscribed. I am 
(M.E. & S.G.M.) 

" Your faithful and affectionate 

" Brother and Knight Companion, 

"J K . 

" Rearuth, 3rd May, 1794.* 

" To The Most Eminent Commander, Captains com- 
manding Columns and others The Knight Companions of 
the Conclave of Hope.f 

" I take this early opportunity with great Grief and 
Concern of announcing to you the Death of our Most 
Eminent Grand Master Sir Thos. Dunckerley who paid his 
tribute to Nature on Thursday last at 7 a.m. 

" By his decease the Community in General particularly 
the different Orders in Masonry have Sustained a Signal loss, 
as well as the Several Conclaves of K 4 Templars, especially 
those in this Kingdom, in its present renovating State. 

"Permit me, therefore, to express my Sincerest Con- 
dolence on this Solemn occasion. But in the midst of our 
Sorrow We have the Consolation to believe he is now 
receiving the Reward of a Life devoted to the Service of the 
Supreme Architect of the Universe having conducted him- 
self while on Earth with that Benignity, Charity, and Zeal, 
which distinguishes A Good Man & a Sincere Christian. 



* These two letters were printed in " The Freemasons' Magazine '' 
for May, 1794. 11. S. 

f Copied by Bro. II. Williamson from a written letter in the Archives 
of the Hope Preceptory No. 4, Huddersfield. H. S. 



278 Thomas Dunckerky. 

" After having Paid a decent Attention to the loss of Our 
Grand Master, it behoves us to turn our attention upon who 
shall be his Successor. 

" Permit me to Point out as the Person Most Eligible 
to do Honour to the Society The 11*- Hon'ble. Lord Rancliffe, 
who is a Member of the Chapter & Conclave of Observance. 
The more so from his being a Colonel in the Army. 

" If my Idea in his Lordship's favour meets your appro- 
bation, You will please to signify the same in a line to me 
in answer as soon as you can get the sence of the Noble 
Knights Companions of your Chapter on the subject. 
" I have the Honour to be, 

" Dear Sir Knight, 

" Your Bro. & K* Comp n - 

" W. HANNAH, 

" Savoy, London, " Acting G d - Master, 

" 23rd November, 1795. 



" Lord Rancliffe is a Character of the highest Respect- 
ability of large Fortune, has lately been created a Peer of 
Ireland, is Member for Leicester, and better known by the 
name of Thomas Boothby Parkyns. 

"It is hoped on your first Meeting you will request 
The K*- Compn 8 - of your Chapter to appear in decent 
Mourning." 

KNIGHTS TEMPLAR CERTIFICATES. 

Thomas Meyler, P.P.G. Reg. of Somerset kindly sent for 
my inspection the K.T. Certificate of his grandfather 
William Meyler, Prov. G. Sec. and afterwards D.P.G.M. 
of Somerset whose name is frequently mentioned by 
Dunckerley in his letters to the Grand Secretary. 

This document is of parchment about 10 inches by 9 and 
is printed from a neatly engraved plate with an elaborate 
emblematical heading probably designed by Dunckerley him- 
self. It has an impression of Dunckerley's seal in black wax 



Memorials of Masonic Templarism. 279 

affixed,* and bears the date 24th of June, 1791. It is 
interesting as being one of the earliest issued. 

R. Williamson, P.P. of the Hope Preceptory, No. 4, has 
another of these certificates issued in 1795. 

A SONG. 

For the Knights Templars, 
Written by THOMAS DUXCKERLEY, Esq., Grand Master. 

At the bright Temple's awful dome, 

Where Christian Knights in arms are drest ; 
To that most sacred place we come, 

With Cross and Star upon the breast ; 
Pilgrims inspir'd with zealous flame, 

Through rugged ways and dangers past ; 
Our sandals torn, our feet were lame, 

But Faith and Hope o'ercame at last. 
Remember, Knights, the noble cause, 

Let Simon's fate prevent your fall ; 
Be firm and true, obey the laws, 

Nor let the cock unheeded call. 
Let none the sacred word profane, 

Nor e'er like Peter, Christ deny, 
Your conduct still preserve from blame, 

Nor let the urn be plac'd on high. 
Unite your hearts, unite each hand, 

In friendship, harmony, and love ; 
Connected thus Knights Templars stand, 

Our love and charity to prove. 
Until that awful final day, 

When fire shall melt this earthly ball. 
Your courage and your faith display, 

Attend to Freedom's sacred call. 
True to our God, our Laws, and King 

Devout, obedient, loyal, free 
The praise of Royal Edward sing, 

The Patron of our mystery. 
In uniform each Knight is drest, 

Distinguished all by black, red, blue 
The Cross and Star upon the breast, 

Adorn the heart that's just and true." 

" The Freemason*' Magazine," Align*!, 17*4. 

* See page 233. 



280 Thomas Dunckerley. 

THE LIGHT AND TRUTH OF MASONRY 

EXPLAINED. 
BEING THE SUBSTANCE OF A CHARGE, Delivered at 

Plymouth, in April, 1757. 
By THOMAS DUNCKERLEY, Esq., P.Gr.M.* 
" Brethren, 

" Light and Truth being the great essentials of the 
Royal Oraft, I shall begin this discourse (prepared for the 
opening of this Room) with that awful message which St. 
John delivered to the world, That (rod is Light, and in him 
is no darkness at all ; and that we are not worthy of the 
true Fellowship, unless we walk in the Light, and do the 
Truth. ! sacred Light ! whose orient beams make mani- 
fest that Truth which unites all good and faithful Masons 
in a heavenly Fellorvship ! 

" This sublime part of Masonry is that firm base on 
which is raised the shaft of Faith, that supports a beautiful 
entablature of good works : it is the foundation of a super- 
structure unbounded as the universe, and durable as eternity. 
To attempt a description of this stupendous fabrick may 
seem presumptuous in me, who have been so few years a 
Mason : but as you, my Brethren, were pleased to request 
something of this kind, give me leave to assure you that I 
am truly sensible of the honour ; and though there are 
several among you, who by knowledge and long experience 
are well qualified for such an undertaking, yet as it is my 
duty to execute your commands, I shall cheerfully begin the 
work ; and humbly hope by patience and industry to make 
some amends for the little time I have served. 

* Some years ago a well-known Masonic writer more than insinuated 
that this Charge was not, delivered by Dunckerley in the year 1757 ; the 
following notice or advertisement which appeared in the Gentleman's 
Magazine for that year will perhaps settle the question. " The Light $- 
Truth of Masonry Explained. By T. Dunckerley. Grf., published by 
Davev & Law." H. S. 



The Light and Truth of Masonry Explained. 281 

" The Light and Truth which St. John takes notice of 
in his message to the World, being a principal part of sub- 
lime Masonry, I have, as I observed before, taken it for the 
subject of my discourse, on this solemn occasion. I intreat 
you to hear me with attention ; and whatever deficiencies 
you may discover in this Essay impute it to inexperience, 
and admonish me with Brotherly Love, that while I am 
pleading the cause of Truth I may be free from error. 

" Crod said let there be Light ; and there was Light. 
Without it the rude matter of Chaos, though brought into 
form, would still have been to little purpose. Let your 
Light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, 
was the advice of him that was a Light to Ughten the 
Gentiles. Our Lights are not hid, but placed on Candle- 
sticks ; and these are silent monitors continually intimating 
to us, that as the ancient and honouralle badge we wear 
has placed us above the rest of mankind, so all our duties 
to our Heavenly Master, our fellow creatures, and ourselves, 
should be formed and contrived by the wisdom of God's 
word : strengthened and supported by Love, Truth, and 
Charity ; and beautified and adorned by Honesty, Temper- 
ance, and true Politeness. All Masons that are, or ever 
have been, were shewn the Light : and though they cannot 
forget it, yet alas ! how faintly does it shine in the hearts 
of too many ! How is its lustre sullied, and splendor dimin- 
ished, by the folly, stupidity and madness of irreligion and 
impiety ! These are the persons of whom St. John says, 
they went out from us : but they were not of us : for if they 
had been of us, they would no doubt have continued ivith us : 
but they went out, that they might be made manifest tliat they 
were not all of us. And thus it is that those who depart 
from the Light bring an evil report on the Graft. 

" Truth, as it is a divine attribute, so is it the founda- 
tion of all Masonic Virtues. It is one of our grand Principles ; 
for to be good men and true, is part of the first great lesson 



282 Thomas Dunckerley. 

we are taught : and at the commencement of our Freedom 
we are exhorted to be fervent and zealous in the pursuit of 
Truth and Goodness. It is not sufficient that we walk in 
the Light, unless we do the Truth also. All hypocrisy and 
deceit must be banished from among us : they are sincerity 
and plain-dealing that complete the harmony of a Lodge, and 
render us acceptable in the sight of Him unto whom all 
hearts are open, all desires known, and from whom no 
secrets are hid. There is a charm in Truth that draws and 
attracts the mind continually toward it. The more we 
discover, the more we desire; and the great reward is 
Wisdom, Virtue, and Happiness. This is an edifice founded 
on a rock, which malice cannot shake or time destroy. 

"What a secret satisfaction is it to Masons, when in 
searching for Truth, they find the rudiments of all useful 
knowledge still preserved among us, as it has descended by 
oral tradition from the earliest ages : and to find likewise 
this Truth corroborated by the testimonies of the best and 
greatest men the world has produced. But this is not all ; 
the Sacred Writings confirm what I assert, the sublime 
part of our Antient Mystery being there to be found ; nor 
can any Christian Brother be a perfect Mason that does 
not make the word of God his study. Indeed we own all 
Masons as Brothers be they Christians, Jews or Mahometans 
(for Masonry is universal, and not strictly confined to any 
particular faith, sect, or mode of worship) : all Masons I 
say, of whatever religious denomination, who rule their 
passions and affections, and square their actions accordingly 
are acknowledged by us as Brothers, but, for our parts, 
the Holy Scripture is to be studied by us, and occasionally 
read and consulted. 

"Since without Light we cannot perceive the beauty 
and excellency of Truth and since we are certain that no 
man can be a worthy Brother who is wanting in either ; it 
may not be improper at this Time to draw the character of 



The Light and Truth of Masonry Explained. 283 

him Who walks in Light and does the Truth ; and who, ac- 
cording to St. JOHN'S Account, is worthy of the I rue fellowship. 

"As we call any building or piece of architecture 
perfect which hath all its parts, and is finished and 
completed according to the nicest rules of art ; a Brother 
is in like manner said to be a good Mason who has studied 
and knows himself, and has learnt and practises that first 
and great lesson of subduing his Passions and Will, and 
tries to the utmost of his power to free himself from all vices, 
errors, and imperfections ; not only those that proceed 
from the heart, but likewise all other defects of the under- 
standing which are caused by custom, opinion, prejudice, 
or superstition ; He who asserts the native freedom of 
his mind, and stands fast in the liberty that makes him 
free, whose soul is (if one may so express it), universal, 
and well contracted, and who despises no man on account 
of his Country or Religion, but is ready at all times to 
convince the world that Truth, Brotherly Love, and afford- 
ing relief, are the grand principles on which he acts. 

" His whole life will be conformable and agreeable to 
that true light, the Law of God, which shines clear to his 
heart, and is the model by which he squares his judgement. 
In his outward behaviour he will be very careful not to give 
private or public offence, and (as far as appears to him 
right) will strictly comply with the laws, the customs, and 
religious institutions of the country in which he resides. 
To all mankind he will act upon the square ; and do 
to others as he would have them do unto him. He will 
be firm and consistent with himself, and continually in 
expectation and on his guard against all accidents to which 
this life is exposed, and in particular he will by a well spent 
life be daily preparing for death, that final period of human 
action, which sooner or later will take us hence, to give a 
strict account of our stewardship and the improvement of 
our talents. 



284 Thomas Dunckerley. 

" In fine, all good Masons should be pious, prudent, just, 
and temperate, and resolutely virtuous. 

" From what I have advanced, and from these our 
ancient charges, I hope it is evident to everyone at the 
present, that it is the duty of every Mason to live soberly, 
righteously, and godly; or, according to the words of the Evan- 
gelist, He should walk in the Light, and do the Truth. 
Continue, My Brethren, to persevere in principles that are 
disinterested, and I doubt not but you will find this room, 
which we have now opened and dedicated to MASONRY con- 
stantly resorted to by the wise, the faithful, and the good. 

" Let us consider the intention of our Meetings ; let sub- 
mission to your Officers, and Brotherly Love to each other 
be shown by your diligent attendance in the Lodge and be 
very careful to enquire into the characters and capacities of 
those who are desirous to be admitted among you. 

" Study the CONSTITUTIONS and CHARGES, and improve 
in the FIFTH SCIENCE as far as your abilities and several 
avocations will permit. Have universal Benevolence and 
Charity for all mankind, and wherever you meet your neces- 
sitous Brethren dispersed, relieve them to the utmost of 
your ability, remembering, notwithstanding, not to do things 
that may really prejudice yourselves or families. 

" Let us by well-doing put to silence the ignorance of 
foolish men. 

" Asfree, but not using our liberty for a clokeof Malicious- 
ness, but as the servants of God. Honour all Men, Love 
the Brotherhood, Fear God, Honour the King."* 

LETTERS TO THE EARL OF CHESTERFIELD. 

" The Freemasons' Magazine " for July, 1794, contains 
the following announcement. " We have permission from 
our R.W. Brother Dunckerley to present our Readers with 
Copies of Letters to the late Earl of Chesterfield, descriptive of 

*"The Freemasons' Magazine," October, 1793. 



Letters to the Earl of Ohesterjield. 285 

Gibraltar, Minorca, Leghorn ; Bastia and Florenzo on the 
Island of Corsica ; Cagliari on the island of Sardinia ; Barce- 
lona, Malaga, Alicant, and Cadiz on the coast of Spain : 
written by Mr. D. in the years 1748 and 1749, when that Gen- 
tleman was an officer on board his Majesty's ship the Crown." 
Probably owing to Dunckerley's illness or absence from 
town, the three letters here reproduced are all that were 
published out of the number above mentioned. 

A DESCRIPTION OF ST. GEORGE'S CAVE AT 
GIBRALTAR. 

" In compliance with your Lordship's desire, I do myself 
the honour of giving you the following description of St. 
George's Cave, as related to me by an officer of this garrison. 

"A little above the Red Sand, not far from Europa Point, 
on the S.W. side of the hill, is a large cavity, which is the 
mouth of St. George's Cave : the entrance is very steep, in 
some places descending regularly, in others very irregularly, 
and all the way very dirty and slippery, occasioned by the 
continual penetration of the water through the top and 
sides of the rock, which causes a mouldering and decay in 
the stones, so that one cannot well go down without boots. 
The descent to the Cave is in some places a man's height, 
in others you are obliged to crawl on hands and knees. 
After several turnings and windings, which renders the pas- 
sage very tiresome, you enter the Cave itself ; the bottom of 
which is level, and the roof very regularly arched after the 
antient Gothic manner. There are several tables, with 
benches round them, the workmanship of which is very 
curious, all cut out of the solid rock ; but the roof and sides 
surpass all imagination for beauty and magnificence. The 
gentleman from whom I had this account assured me, that 
all the descriptions invention ever furnished us with are poor 
and mean in comparison with the glories that strike you on 
your first entrance into this Cave; adding, that it infinitely 



286 Thomas Dunckerley. 

exceeded the finest paintings or sculpture he had ever seen, 
as well for the prodigious lustre and diversity of colours 
that shine round you on every side, as for the neatness of 
the carving and other embellishments. 

" This Cave, in common with most other extraordinary 
productions of art or nature, is ascribed to preternatural 
architects, and various are the stories raised of apparitions, 
&c. haunting this place. The most probable conjecture that 
can be raised is, that some priests, or other retired persons, 
chose this spot to seclude themselves from the world, and 
employed their leisure hours in beautifying this their retreat. 
The beauties that are celebrated in this Cave are, in my 
opinion, the equal productions of Art and Nature. The 
tables, with their surrounding seats, are doubtless hewn out 
of the rock, and as the water is continually dropping from 
all parts, it polishes the sides of the Cave, and renders them 
as smooth as the finest marble, and the tops of the tables are 
finer than the smoothest glass. 

" Most that visit this Cave are obliged to carry lighted 
torches with them, to find their way ; now the rays proceed- 
ing from these lights are thrown upon the polished surface 
of the internal parts of the Cave, which is entirely com- 
posed of convexities and concavities, and again reflected back 
in all the beautiful diversity of colours, in the same manner 
as we see a diamond or cut glass reflect the beams of a 
candle; and this I take to be the natural cause of this 
wonderful appearance. There was formerly a very good 
entrance to this Cave, but it is now stopt up by the falling 
in of the rock, and I don't doubt but the Cave itself will, in 
process of time, share the same fate. 
" I have the honour to be 

" Your Lordship's most obedient Servant, 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 
" To the EARL OF CHESTERFIELD, LONDON." 

The Freemasons' Magazine, June, 1794 



Letters to the Earl of Qhesterfield. 287 

A DESCRIPTION OF GIBRALTAR. 

" Port Mahon, on the Island of Minorca. 

"Junel, 1748. 

" I had the honour of sending to your Lordship some 
account of St. George's Cave at Gibraltar, and now proceed 
to give you a description of that garrison. 

" Gibraltar is a very high and steep hill, of an oblong 
figure, arising out of a plain almost perpendicular, which 
adds greatly to its loftiness. This place is the key to the 
Mediterranean, by reason that no fleet can pass to or 
from it unobserved or unlicensed by the masters of this 
important spot, which were formerly the Spaniards, but at 
present the English. Though the fortifications of this place 
are universally allowed to be the most regular and strong 
imaginable, yet is all that art has effected, but a poor 
superstructure upon the most wonderful production of 
nature who seems to have played the engineer here with^ 
her utmost skill. 

" The Eastern, or back part of the hill, is one continued 
horrid precipice ; the North side, which arises out of a low 
marshy plain, is extremely rugged and steep : and the South 
part, or Europa Point, is also very steep, and runs out into 
the sea. On the North side, towards the Spanish lines (the 
advanced posts of which are not above a pistol-shot from 
ours), on the declivity of the hill, is a very strong battery of 
several brass pieces, called Willis's Battery, which has com- 
munication under ground with the lines which run up the 
side of the hill, and are, as I am informed by connoisseurs, 
of incredible strength ; all along the side, and up to the top 
of the hill, appear the vestiges of the old Moorish lines, cast 
up by them when they were in possession of this place; 
there are, also, the ruins of an old Moorish castle. At the 
top of the hill is the Signal-house, which has a most exten- 
sive prospect, and from whence, by signals, the garrison 



288 Thomas Dunckerley. 

is informed of whatever ships are either coming into or going 
out of the Streights. 

"Towards Europa Point, on the South side of the 
hill, is the New Mole, capable of containing ships of the 
greatest burthen, where our men of war commonly heave 
down and refit : a little above this, upon the side of the hill, 
is the hospital for sick and wounded seamen. This is 
a very good building on the inside; the wards are very 
neat and clean ; there is a large spacious court-yard in 
the middle, surrounded by several apartments, which are 
built upon piazzas, and form an open kind of gallery or 
balcony all along, much like those we have in some of our 
stage-inns in London, which is extremely agreeable, as by 
this means the least breath of air that stirs in the warm 
season of the year in this hot climate, is brought into the 
apartments for the benefit of the sick. This hospital is 
served by a physician, surgeon, and two mates, with proper 
assistants. Near to this are the barracks for the soldiers, 
a neat and regular piece of building of free-stone, it is in 
form a long square with two wings; the apartments are 
neat and commodious. 

" A little further lies a great plain of sand, called, from 
its colour, the Red Sand, which is the common burying-place 
of the garrison ; at the North end of this sand is the place 
where ships send their boats for water, called the Ragged 
Staff, a very convenient place for watering the largest fleet, 
and affords abundance of most excellent water. About a 
quarter of a mile from this place is the South-port gate, by 
which you enter the town which consists of a small number 
of houses, very low and ill-built, and upon the whole, cuts a 
very mean figure. 

" The governor has indeed, a very handsome house and 
gardens, which were formerly a convent, and still retains 
that name. There are a great number of Jews here, who 
seem to me to be used chiefly as luggage porters, for you 



Lftfers to (he Earl of Chesterfield. 289 

will see three or four of these circumcised gentlemen with 
a great chest or hale hanging by the middle on a long pole, 
which they carry across their shoulders, and so trudge along 
with it at a surprising rate. Their usual dress is a little 
short black cassock, bound round their middle with a piece 
of blue or other coloured linen, and falling down, in a kind 
of close drawers, as low as their knees. They always go 
barefoot through choice, by reason of the heat of the climate, 
and partly through poverty. Gibraltar is a place of very 
great trade for cloths, silk, &c., and contains upwards of 
4,000 inhabitants, exclusive of a garrison of 3,000 always 
kept here. From the town we got out by the Landiport 
gate into the lines, which run and meet those of the 
Spaniards upon the little neck of land or marsh which joins 
Gibraltar to the Spanish main. This gate is about a 
mile distant from the South-port gate, being the length of 
the garrison. Near it is the Waterport, or Old Mole, 
formerly the place for careening ships, but since the build- 
ing of the new by the English, it only serves as a kind of 
haven for market-boats, xebeques, &c. There is a very 
handsome parade for the troops, about half the bigness of 
that at Whitehall. Opposite to this hill lies the town of 
Old Gibraltar, in the possession of the Spaniards, who are 
frequently spectators of their own ships made prizes, and 
brought in by us under their inspection. 

" I have the honour to be, &c., 

" THOMAS DUNCKERLEY." 
" The Earl of Chesterfield, London." 

The Freemasons' Magazine, August, 1794. 

A DESCRIPTION OF LEGHORN. 

"From Yado we were dispatched by the admiral to 
Leghorn, where we arrived the 27th of June. 

" Leghorn is a sea-port town of vast trade and commerce 
in Tuscany, belonging to the Emperor as Grand Duke, who 



290 Thomas Dunckerley. 

has a deputy or vice-duke at Florence, the capital of this 
dutchy, distant hence about four leagues. Leghorn stands in a 
plain on the sea-side, and is very well fortified with fossees and 
half-moons about it ; there are several other fortifications near 
it. Before the great town, to the westward, there are two 
large basons or moles for galleys, and even ships, which 
are shut up with a great chain ; you pass into it through a 
very narrow channel between two forts. Without these 
basons there is a spacious mole ; as you approach the town 
you see two small towers surrounded by the sea, one of 
which is white, and called Marseca ; abreast of the mole 
upon a rock is a watch-house. At the head of the mole 
there are two very considerable batteries, one above another. 
Ships water without the town, near a convent of Capuchins. 
You pass in boats along the mole through the ditches under 
a bridge. 

" Without the mole there is a tower standing upon a 
rock, with the sea all round it ; on the top of this tower 
there is a lanthorn which is lighted every night for a mark. 

" The Legonese are a people greatly given to traffick ; 
the city is very beautiful both in its situation and buildings ; 
the houses are very high and uniform, of a white stone or 
marble, and over the doors of the best part of them are 
beautifully painted in large oval shields the arms of the 
Grand Duke ; the streets are very beautiful, well paved, 
and wide ; the Exchange, or place where the merchants 
meet, is a large spacious square, not unlike Covent-Garden, 
the houses being all raised on piazzas. Straw hats, silks, 
velvets, embroideries, gold and silver lace, &c., are very 
cheap & good here. The two chief things that attract the 
eye of a stranger at his landing are, the Brazen Men, as 
they are called, and the Courtezanes Galley. The former 
is a piece of statuary, universally allowed to be the most 
finished work of its kind ; it is erected in the market-place. 
On a large square black marble pedestal stands the figure 



Letters to the Earl of Chesterfield. 291 

of a man, larger than the life, habited like a Roman, with a 
truncheon in his hand ; the statue is of white marble, about 
the size of that of King James in the college-garden of 
Chelsea. Round the pedestal are the figures of four men 
chained, three times as large as the life, the eldest of 
these is represented with his back bowed and broke, and 
surely nothing but the view of these admirable pieces can 
give an adequate idea of their beauties. Sorrow, distress, 
age, and misery, are lively represented in the old man. In 
the three young ones appear a mixture of manly courage 
and filial tenderness contending for the superiority ; two of 
them have their looks turned toward their suffering father, 
and seem to tell him with their eyes the share they bear 
in his misfortune ; the other looks up to Heaven as imploring 
assistance in their behalf ; not a muscle nor vein but what 
are as justly expressed here as in the most correct anato- 
mical print. The occasion of erecting this statue is said to 
be as follows : 

" One of the Dukes of Tuscany, in his excursions on the 
Barbarians, having taken prisoner an old man and his three 
sons of a more than common and gigantic stature and 
strength (and who had frequently made great depredations 
on the Legonese in their small feluccas, or row-boats, and 
bearing all before them by their sole strength and powers), 
was particularly pleased with this his conquest, and reserved 
them for an appointed day to satisfy his people's desire in 
putting them to death. One night, however, having by 
some means or other escaped from their guard, they seized 
on a small boat lying in the harbour, and rowed off till they 
came to the great chain which goes across the entrance of 
the mole, which they with prodigious strength of rowing 
burst open, unperceived by the guard that were asleep, and 
passed out, but the centinel being awaked by the noise 
alarmed the town ; it was, however, day before it was known 
that it was the Moors who had made their escape. The 

u 2 



292 Thomas Dunckerley. 

duke was greatly troubled at their flight, which the young 
prince his son perceiving, offered himself, on the forfeiture 
of his head, to fetch these fugitives hack ; upon which his 
father gave him several small vessels, and a sufficient num- 
ber of armed men, with which he immediately set out, and 
overtook these poor wretches just as they were on the point 
of landing on the Barbary coast, which is a considerable 
distance from Leghorn. In the despair of being overtaken 
they exerted their utmost strength ; the old man, who till 
now had been indulged in sitting still, took an oar, but upon 
the first effort broke his back ; here their distresses were 
redoubled, and in this crisis we have them represented. 
The prince came up with them, and after a bloody resist- 
ance on their sides, unequal as they were in force, took and 
carried them into Leghorn. Nothing was heard but shouts 
of joy at their approach, .the Duke himself, attended by all 
his court, came to receive and welcome his victorious son. 
The youth, impatient to embrace his father, leaps on the 
shore, and in that leap to death. As soon as it was known 
that he had been on the Barbarian coast the whole assembly 
was struck with grief, a law then being in force by which 
whosoever should on any pretence offer to set foot on the 
shore after having been on the coast of Barbary, without 
first receiving pratique or performing quarantine, was to 
forfeit his life. Justice, then, doomed this unhappy prince 
to death in the midst of his triumph. The wretched father, 
overwhelmed with grief, was obliged to pronounce his son's 
sentence; and, in order to make some retaliation for the 
cruelty of his fate, sacrificed the four slaves on his tomb, 
and afterwards caused this statue to be erected in commem- 
oration of the fact. 

" The Grand Duke's state-galley (better known by the 
name of the Courtezanes, from the money arising from the 
licences granted these women to follow their miserable occu- 
pation, being appropriated to the maintenance and repairs of 



Letters to the Earl of Chesterfield. 293 

it) is a vessel the most magnificent that can be imagined ; it 
is very long with a sharp prow, much after the manner of 
the vessels we see delineated on antient medals ; it is most 
beautifully carved and gilt to the water's edge ; at the entrance 
into the great cabin there are two figures, as large as the 
life, of angels, who hold a very beautiful canopy over the 
door, on which are painted the arms of the Duke and 
Dutchess, the present Emperor and Empress Queen of 
Hungary, on each of which are their heads in profile ; the 
whole richly gilt and painted. This vessel lies in the mole, 
and is free to any person that has an inclination to visit it. 
There are fifty benches of oars on a side, each bench has 
three or four miserable tenants chained by the legs together, 
but having their hands at liberty they are continually em- 
ployed in some business, so that on entering you think 
yourself in a fair ; some are knitting gloves, stockings, &c., 
others making fine basket-work, hats, &c., in short, every 
one of these poor wretches are employed in something to 
procure them a small pittance from those whom charity or 
curiosity excite on board. But, surely, never were creatures 
more dextrous at filching, for if your eye or hand is an in- 
stant off your pockets, they find a way to lighten them of 
their contents, and they will often rise eight or ten at a time, 
and make such a horrid rattling with their chains as sur- 
prise a stranger, and leave him wholly open and unguarded 
to their mercy. Near the head of the vessel they open up 
one of the planks of the deck, and show you a great Couchee 
piece, called the Grand Duke's piece ; it is of brass, very 
curiously wrought, with the arms of Tuscany on it : the 
weight of the ball is 421b. 

" At Leghorn we received orders from the admiral to 
proceed immediately for the Gulph of St. Florenzo, or St. 
Florence, there to relieve the Nassau, a 70 gun ship, com- 
manded by Captain Halcombe, who was stationed there to 
protect the malcontent Corsicans, in conjunction with the 



294 Thomas DuncJcerley. 

troops of the King of Sardinia and Empress Queen of 
Hungary, against the Genoese and their allies the French, 
who were then in possession of Bastia, the metropolis of the 
island, Calvi, Ajaccia, and several other strong places in the 
country. 

"Accordingly we set sail from Leghorn, the 27th of 
July, and anchored in the said gulph the 30th following. 
" I have the honour to he, &c., 

" THOMAS DUNCKERLEY." 
The Freemasons' Magazine, October, 1794. 

THE EARL OF CHESTERFIELD. 

Philip, Earl of Chesterfield, the celebrated statesman, 
courtier, ambassador and author, is said, by our historian, 
Dr. Anderson, to have been made a Mason in Grand Lodge 
on the 24th of June, 1721, and we learn from the same 
authority that in 1731, when he was " Lord Ambassador " 
at the Hague, he assisted at the making of His Royal 
Highness, Francis Duke of Lorrain, both of which state- 
ments were published in the Earl's lifetime.* I can find 
no evidence that his lordship ever took much interest in 
Masonry, yet he seems to have attracted the notice of the 
" Ancients " or Anglo-Irish Masons in London when they 
were on the look-out for a Noble Grand Master to preside 
over them. 

At a " Grand Committee November 3rd, 1752," it was 
" Ordered, that the Grand Secretary shall draw up a proper 
petition to the Rt. Honourable Philip Earl of Chesterfield, 
an Ancient Mason, beging his Lordship's sanction as Grand 
Master." 

The Grand Secretary, with the Masters of five lodges, 
were ordered to present the said petition, but the Grand 

* Constitutions 1738, pp.112 and 129. H, S. 



The Earl of Chesterfield. 

Secretary begged the Committee to postpone the business 
until they had made choice of a more suitable place in whioh 
to receive and instal his Lordship. As the subject is not 
again mentioned in the records it is probable that no further 
steps were taken with regard to the petition. It will be 
observed that the noble Lord is referred to by the petitioners 
as an " Ancient Mason " or one of themselves ; meaning, I 
assume, that he had entered the Society at a time when 
English and Irish Masonry were one and the same. Their 
selection may have been also influenced by the fact that 
some few years earlier the Earl had been exceedingly 
popular in Ireland when filling the post of Lord Lieutenant 
of that kingdom. It is somewhat difficult to account for the 
apparent intimacy between the " British Cicero," as his 
lordship was called, and the comparatively unknown gunner 
of the Crown, who was then only about twenty-four years of 
age, and the greater portion of whose life had been spent in 
the sea-service. 

A plausible explanation would be that the Earl might 
have been a passenger in one of Dunckerley's ships and so 
have become acquainted with him ; it being usual in those 
days for representatives of the Government, and other great 
personages to make their voyages under the protection of 
the guns of a Man-of-War. Or, is it possible that the noble 
lord, who was thoroughly well versed in the Court intrigues 
and gossip of the period, could have been then in pos- 
session of the secret of Dunckerley's parentage, and was 
prompted by curiosity or some other motive, to make his 
acquaintance ? That some kind of intimacy existed between 
them for a considerable period is evinced by the fact of 
Dunckerley having mentioned his lordship in his biography 
as one of the noblemen who had befriended him in the year 
1767, when the story of his birth was brought to the know- 
ledge of the King. 



296 Thomas Dunckerley. 

MISCELLANEOUS LETTERS, &c. 

" Hampton Court Palace, Nov. 22nd, 1785. 
" Dear Brother, 

" I transmit to you the produce of my labours during 
the last summer, with an account of 201. 10s. Od., which 
you will do me the favour to lay before the Grand Lodge. 
The flourishing state of Masonry at Pool in Dorsetshire ; 
and in the Counties of Essex, Gloucester, and Somerset ; is 
flattering to me ; and I hope and trust that the success I 
have acquir'd, will be equally pleasing to the Society. 

" Success has follow'd me to the gates of this Palace ; 
where, I have (in the space of three months) establish'd a 
very respectable Lodge. 

"The Lodges I have constituted at Bath, Bristol, 
Gloucester & Wells, are daily increasing, and the greatest 
harmony prevails in those Cities. My Endeavours to pro- 
mote the Dignity & Credit of the Royal Craft, have Cross'd 
the Atlantic, and I have had the pleasure to obtain Constitu- 
tions for two Lodges in Newfoundland. 

" It was with much regret that I found myself neces- 
sitated to eraze from my list, the Lodges, Nos. 339, & 
399 ; which I hope the Grand Lodge will confirm, for the 
reasons I have given on the other side. The Loans to the 
Hall Fund, which you will also read to the Grand Officers & 
Brethren, are expressive of the very great regard those 
Brethren and the three infant Lodges have for that excellent 
Institution. 

"Present my most respectful Regard to the Grand 
Officers & Brethren & believe me Yours &c. 

"THos. DUNCKERLEY." 

The " other side," contains Dunckerley's annual report 
of the lodges under his care with their contributions, &c. ; 
by which it appears that No. 399, at Weymouth, was erazed 
because the lodge was dissolved and the furniture sold ; and 
No. 339, at Maiden, for not having met for several years. 



Miscellaneous Letters. 297 

No. 472, at Bristol, was forfeited by Thos. Tomes who had 
partly " paid for the Warrant, but did not pay the remainder ; 
tho' he made several Masons." There is also a balance sheet 
as follows : 

"Debt r - P. d. 

To Contributions, &c., y e Charity Fund . 26 5 

Regist'ring Fees, &c., to the Hall Fund . 43 9 

Fees for Constitutions, & Removals . . 6 16 

Henry Sperling, Esq., Dennis Hall, Essex 25 

Samuel Tyssen, Esq., Felix Hall, Essex . 25 

458 Royal Cumberland Lodge ; Bath . 25 

462 Royal Gloucester Lodge; Gloucester 25 
474 Lodge of Harmony ; Toy, Hampton 

Court 25 



201 10 

Cred r - 

1785. June 3rd. By paid Bro. Berkley 

Oct. 28th. By paid Bro. White . 

Nov. 16th. By Do. 

18th. By Do. 

22nd. By Ballance ... 14 12 




201 10 0" 



It is highly probable that each of these loans of 
25 to the Hall Fund was the result of Dunckerley's 
" Endeavours to promote the Dignity & Credit of the Royal 
Craft." 

" Bro. Lewis of Bristol Debtr. to Bro. White. 
Two Constitution Books ... 1 4 
Three Certificates 19 

236" 



298 Thomas Dunckerley. 

"Hampton Court Palace, Nov. 15, 1786. 
" Dear Brother, 

" As Bro. Lewis is about to leave England he has 
desir'd me to pay the above to you for which you will please 
make me your Debtor. I am also to desire you will send six 
Grand Lodge Certificates to Bro. Palmer, at the George Inn, 
High Street, Portsmouth, Master of the Phoenix Lodge, No. 
485, who will pay me for them, and I shall take care to return 
you the names when they are fill'd up ; they are also indebted 
Nine Shillings to you, which they will pay to me for you. 

" I do myself the pleasure to enclose a Bank Post Bill 
for Sixty Pounds which Bro. Heseltine will place to my 
Credit on Account of Contributions to the Charity and 
Registring Fees to the Hall Fund. Let me have a line by 
to-morrow night's post to certify the receipt. The state of 
the whole Account, with the several Lists from the Lodges, 
I will send (by the Coach) address'd to you at the Hall next 
Monday. 1 keep it back as I expect remittances from Bristol 
& Southampton. 

" I spent near 30, last Summer, holding Grand Lodges 
in Dorset, Essex, Glo'stcr & Somerset ; in journeys of five 
hundred miles Blue & Red Aprons have excited Great 
Emulation in these Counties : all the Fraternity under my 
care do me great honour, and are careful not to give offence 
by irregularity ; being sensible it would endanger the sta- 
bility of their Lodges. 

'' Entre nous I am not only lov'd but fear' d I hope you 
will not accuse me of Vanity or Arrogance (as this is a 
private letter) I wrote the above to shew you that y e prefer- 
ments on one hand and discipline on the other has produced 
the money I now send and hope to send. 

" Bro. Heseltine will see this letter assure him of my 
most sincere regard Accept the same from your Affect. & 
Zealous Brother and faithful Servant (to y e Society), 
" William White, Esq." " THOS. DUNCKERLEY, 



Miscellaneous Letters. 299 

Grand Lodge Minutes, November 22nd, 1786. 
" It was Resolved unanimously, 

" That the Rank of past Senior Grand Warden (with 
the right of taking place immediately next to the present 
Senior Grand Warden) be granted to Thomas Dunckerley, 
Esq., Provincial Grand Master for Dorset, Essex, Glou- 
cester, Somerset, and Southampton, with the City and County 
of Bristol, and the Isle of Wight, in grateful Testimony of 
the high sense the Grand Lodge entertains of his zealous 
and indefatigable Exertions for many years to promote the 
honour and interest of the Society." 

" Hampton Court Palace, Nov. 24th, 1786. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I am this morning favoured with your very obliging 
letter to inform me of the high honour I have received from 
the Grand Lodge ; for which I shall endeavour to return 
every grateful service in my power. I have served the 
Society tiventy-one years as a Grand Officer ; and am now 
amply rewarded. 

"A truly masonic Friendship has subsisted between 
Bro. Heseltine and myself, for the same number of years; 
to him, and you I return my warmest thanks for the 
active part you have taken. 

"The Hampton Court Lodge does not meet before Feb- 
ruary perhaps several Members may buy Calendars in town, 
if you send ten (with my Patent) I will try to dispose of 
them ; if any are left I will deliver them to you in person. 

" Sister D unites in sincere regard and am, 

" Your much obliged Bro. & Servant, 

" THOS. DUNCKERLEY. 
" William White, Esq." 

It will be noticed that in the foregoing letter the writer 
states that he has been a Grand Officer twenty-one years, 
or from the year 1765 ; but the Grand Lodge Records con- 
tain no mention of him previous to his appointment as 



300 Thomas Dunckerky. 

Provincial Grand Master in February 1767. It seems 
therefore probable that, as already suggested, he had held 
some informal office, which would not appear in the records, 
such as Superintendent of a County, before he was regularly 
appointed by Patent. 

" Nov. 3rd, 1795. 38 Bishop Street, 
" Sir, " Common, Portsmouth. 

" Mr. Dunckerley being so very ill as not to be able 
himself to write, has commissioned me to say that by this 
day's post he has transmitted you in two packets (marked 
1 and 2) the sum of 9. 4s. 6d. viz. from the Lodges at 
Southampton (323 & 503) 4. 2s. Od. from that at Frome 
(469) 3. 12s. Od. and 1. 10s. 6d. from the Lodge at 
Shaston (396) the receipt of which he begs you to acknow- 
ledge as early as possible. 

" I have the honour to be Sir, 

" Your very humble Servant, 
" Jas. Heseltine, Esq." " ED. ROBINSON. 

This was probably the last communication received 
from Dunckerley on Masonic business, and it goes far towards 
disproving the assertion made by Recorder Cooper as to 
his receiving monies and not accounting for them. The 
lodges mentioned are duly credited with the amounts 
remitted, in the Treasurer's printed list of receipts for 
November 25th, 1795. 

It is not unlikely that this letter was dictated by Dunc- 
kerley, and from the fact of certain additions having been 
made after it was written I am inclined to think that he 
was then residing at the address given ; and that he probably 
died there. A brief personal inspection of the premises, 
and the result of enquiries made by a friend many years 
a resident in the neighbourhood has led to the conclusion 
that the present No. 38, Bishop Street is the identical house 
referred to. 



Oik for an Exaltation of Royal Arch Masons. 301 

The Register preserved among the archives of St. Mary's 
Church, Kingston the parish church for Portsea contains 
a bare record of the interment of Thomas Dunckerley on 
the 27th of November, 1795. This edifice has recently 
been rebuilt, consequently many of the old tomb-stones 
have been disturbed, and are not now accessible ; it is 
therefore impossible to ascertain whether anything of the 
kind ever marked the place of his burial. The kind friend 
recently referred to, who is himself a warm admirer of 
Dunckerley, has assisted me in several careful examinations 
of the stones and monuments still standing, but up to now 
with a negative result, although it seems most improbable 
that a person who had done so much for Masonry \vhopassed 
away while in the discharge of his official duties to that Society 
and whose influence and popularity in the Order were 
without a parallel should have been allowed to rest in a 
nameless grave. 

ODE. 

For an Exaltation of Royal Arch Masons. 
BY BROTHER DUNCKERLEY. 

Almighty sire ! our heavenly king, 

Before whose sacred name we bend, 
Accept the praises which we sing, 
And to our humble prayer attend. 
All hail, great Architect divine ! 
This universal frame is thine. 

Thou who did'st Persia's King command, 

A proclamation to extend, 
That Israel's sons might quit his land, 

Their holy temple to attend. 
All hail, &c. 

That sacred place, where three in one 
Compris'd thy comprehensive name ; 

And where the bright meridian sun, 
Was soon thy glory tu proclaim. 
All hail," &c. 



302 Thomas Dunckerley. 

Thy watchful eye, a length of time 

The wondrous circle did attend : 
The glory and the power be thine, 

Which shall from age to age descend. 
All hail, &c. 

On thy omnipotence we rest ; 

Secure of thy protection here ; 
And hope hereafter to be blest, 

When we have left this world of care. 
All hail, &c. 

Grant us, great God, thy powerful aid, 
To guide us through this vale of tears ; 

For where thy goodness is display'd, 
Peace soothes the mind, and pleasure chears. 
All hail, &c. 

Inspire us with thy grace divine, 

Thy sacred law our guide shall be : 
To ev'ry good our hearts incline, 

From ev'ry evil keep us free. 
All hail &c.* 

ANOTHER. 

By the same AUTHOR. 

Hail, Universal Lord ! 

By heav'n and earth ador'd ; 

All hail! Great God ! 
Before thy name we bend, 
To us thy grace extend, 
And to our prayer attend, 

All hail ! great God ! 

The foregoing effusions were considered worthy of a 
place in the " Constitutions of the Antient Fraternity of 
Free And Accepted Masons," London, 1784. 




* See page 263. 



Copy of Dunckerley's Will. 



COPY OF DUNCKERLEY'S WILL. 

IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN. I Thomas Dunckerley of 
Hampton Court Palace in the County of Middlesex 
Barrister-at-Law do this eleventh day of March in the year 
of our Lord one thousand seven hundred ninety-four make 
and publish this my last Will and testament in manner 
following First I desire to be decently buried in the Temple 
Church near the Knights Templars if I should die in London 
or at Hampton Court or within twenty miles of London but 
if at a further distance from London then it is my desire to 
be buried at the place or in that Parish Church or Church 
Yard where I may happen to depart this life as the carriage 
of my corpse to London might be attended with too great 
an expence I give and bequeath unto my much valued 
and esteemed friends Arthur Robinson Esq. and James 
Rowley Esquire the former of Pall Mall London and the 
latter of Reigate in the County of Surrey all my plate 
pictures and household goods bedsteads bedding and other 
furniture In trust for the sole use and behoof of my wife 
during her natural life* and after her decease I give and 
bequeath to my aforesaid much esteemed friends Arthur 
Robinson Esquire and James Rowley Esquire the plate of 
which I am possessed In trust for the sole use and behoof 
of my much loved friend Ann Siddall of Hampton Court in 
the County of Middlesex Spinster in grateful testimony for 
her affectionate regard and attention to my wife and self I 
also give and bequeath to the aforesaid Ann Siddall and her 
sister Susannah Siddall of Plymouth Dock in the County of 
Devon Spinster all my pictures household goods bedsteads 
bedding and other furniture to be divided between them 
share and share alike I hereby request of my aforesaid 

* She died at Hampton Court Palace in February, IbOl. H. S. 



304 Thomas Duncknhy. 

friends Arthur Robinson and James Rowley Esquires who 
I hereby appoint Executors of this my last Will and testa- 
ment that they will cause this to be executed according to 
the true intent and meaning thereof. It is my desire that my 
Post Chaise and Law books may be sold for the payment of 
my debts and funeral expenses if it should be found 
necessary. THOMAS DUNCKERLEY. 

Signed declared and published as and for his last Will 
and testament in the presence of us Thomas Macklin, 
William Bteele.* 

Proved at London 19th Dec r - 1795, before the 
Worshipful John Fisher Dr. of Laws and Surrogate by the 
oaths of Arthur Robinson and James Rowley Esquires the 
Executors to whom administration was granted, having been 
first sworn duly to administer. 

Arthur Robinson was initiated in the Prince of Wales's 
Lodge (now No. 259) on the 17th of March, 1788. James 
Rowley was initiated in the London Lodge (now No. 108) 
in 1771, of which lodge he was many years Treasurer. He 
joined the Prince of Wales's Lodge in 1790. 




* Members of the lloyal Gloucester Lodge, Southampton. H. S. 



Concluding Remarks. 305 

CONCLUDING REMARKS. 

Those who have read the preceding pages have doubtless 
formed an opinion as to the disposition and Masonic quali- 
fications of Dunckerley and as this volume has already 
exceeded its intended limits, little more need be said on 
that subject. 

The series of letters written in confidence to his most 
intimate friends are probably sufficient to indicate the 
character of their writer, although they only represent a 
portion of the correspondence which, had space allowed, I 
should have been to glad to have offered for the inform- 
ation of the Craft. Excelsior might well have been added 
to the motto on his Coat of Arms,* since every branch 
of Masonry, as well as each province and lodge with which 
he identified himself seems to have had an upward tendency 
from the moment of his taking an active part in its affairs. 
It will have been observed that prior to Dunckerley's 
coming to the front, the Grand Lodge itself had neither 
Habitation, Furniture, Jewels, Register, nor a regular 
system of communication with the Provincial Lodges ; and 
within a few years of his advent these wants and omissions 
were supplied. Although I have no desire to claim for him 
exclusive credit for these and many other improvements, 
I am fully satisfied that if they were not actually the 
outcome of his suggestions, by his earnest enthusiasm, 
methodical habits, energy, and example, he did far more 
than anyone else towards bringing them about and estab- 
lishing them as essentials in the Masonic system. His 
earliest Address, of which we have any knowledge, and in 
all probability it was his first effort in that direction was 
delivered on the occasion of the dedication of a room to 
the purposes of Masonry, at Plymouth, in the year 1757.f 

* " Fato non merito. By fate not desert. FIT/, GEORGE." '' Elvin's 
Handbook of Mottoes." 
t See page 280. 



306 Thomas Dunckerley. 

If this was not really the first event of the kind, I am 
inclined to think that very few earlier instances are on 
record. It however, shows the bent of his mind and in some 
measure explains the active part which he afterwards took 
in the erection of the Freemasons' Hall in London, towards 
the cost of which he not only personally contributed to the 
utmost extent of his limited income, but also induced many 
others in better circumstances to give liberally for the same 
worthy object, and in this he had no equal. His services in 
the Royal Arch seem to require no comment whatever, for 
there can scarcely be a doubt that the Grand Chapter of 
that Order was the creation of Dunckerley and some of his 
friends, and that for a considerable period he was its prin- 
cipal supporter. In all probability the first application for 
a Charter for a private Chapter was made through him and 
at his suggestion. 

With reference to the Order of Masonic Knights 
Templar, it is perfectly clear that, however it may have 
come into existence, Dunckerley was its first recognized 
head. When and where he became a member of this body 
will perhaps never be known ; yet bearing in mind that we 
were in darkness as to the time and place of his entry into 
the Craft and the Royal Arch until quite recently, we need 
not give up all hope on this point. However that may be, 
the correspondence on this subject, which I have fortunately 
been able to publish, clearly proves that it was mainly 
owing to his influence and exertions that a few scattered 
enthusiasts were formed into an organization which has 
since become exceedingly popular in all parts of the world. 

During the preparation of these memoirs I have fre- 
quently been asked ; Did Dunckerley leave any relatives ? 
A question I cannot answer with certainty, as the only 
relative named in his Will was his wife, who outlived him 
about five years. He certainly had a son and a daughter, 
the latter being mentioned in the narrative of his troubles 



Concluding Remarks. 307 

on page 30, but whether it was this lady or another 
daughter who became the wife of a Mr. Edgar at Salisbury 
and died there in 1783, I am unable to determine. 

His son is not mentioned in any of his letters that have 
come under my notice, but this is not to be wondered at, as 
tor the most part they relate to Masonic matters only, his 
wife and daughter being occasionally mentioned. 

A Thomas Dunckerley, aged seventeen, was on board 
the Guadaloupe during a portion of the. time that Dunckerley 
himself was in that ship, and this was probably the son referred 
to. " The Freemasons' Quarterly Review, 1842," contains 
a biographical sketch of Dunckerley, which is merely an 
abridged version of that which commences on page 17 of 
the present volume, to which, however, is added the 
following: 

" Brother Dunckerley's Masonic example was lost on his 
son, whose follies embittered the last years of his existence. 
Extravagance straitened the means, disorderly conduct 
afflicted the mind of the fond, unhappy parent. Every 
means were tried, ineffectually, to reclaim the wretched son. 
At his father's death, there being no provision left, he 
became a wanderer and an outcast. Being a Mason, he 
was ever besieging Lodges and individuals. At last he 
became a bricklayer's labourer, and was seen, carrying a 
hod on his shoulder, ascending a ladder ! This poor fellow's 
misfortunes and misconduct at length terminated, and the 
Grand-son of a king died in a cellar in St. Giles's.'' 

I have no means of testing the accuracy of this story, it 
is, however, to some extent, corroborated by an item in the 
Treasurer's book of the Sarum Lodge, under date " 1779, 
Oct. 6. To Brother Dunckerley's son in distress 10s. 6d."* 

The enquiry just referred to is invariably made by the 
few, who, having already some knowledge of Dunckerley's 

* From Goldney's " History of Freemasonry in Wiltshire." 

x 2 



308 Thomas Dunckerley. 

career, are desirous of " more light," but there is another 
question put to me occasionally by some of my friends who 
cannot properly be described as "Masonic Students." It 
is usually something after this style : " What do you want 
to go digging up this old man for, after he has been dead 
and buried such a long time Who cares about him now ? " 
In answering questions of this kind I fear I am sometimes 
a little too scrupulous in my observance of a certain ancient 
mandate which begins with " Answer " and ends with 
" folly " and is easily found in an old volume of frequent 
use in our lodges. Although I do not myself consider that 
anything in the shape of an apology is either needed or 
expected and will certainly not be offered yet in order 
to meet the wishes of those who may still feel a little par- 
donable curiosity on the subject, I will now state that I had 
various reasons for entering upon my present undertaking, 
a few of which will doubtless suffice for present purposes. 

Somehow I seem to have a natural liking for this kind 
of " digging." Probably the feeling is inherited, although 
I have only heard of one ancestor who did anything in that 
line, but he was not in the habit of waiting until his 
" subjects " had been buried for any great length of time ; 
indeed, the fresher they were, the higher were they valued. 
He was such an enthusiast in the cause of Science and 
became so expert in the business, that ultimately he attracted 
the notice of the Government and so obtained a Colonial 
appointment in which he continued during the rest of his 
" natural life." 

Many years ago it occurred to me that out of the mate- 
rials at hand relating to Dunckerley it might be possible to 
produce a book, which, while throwing new light on the 
" ways and means " of our Masonic ancestors, would prove 
more entertaining and therefore more acceptable to the 
general reader than those works devoted exclusively to 
Freemasonry, with which the literature of the Craft abounds. 



Concluding Remarks. 309 

Time will show whether I was right or wrong. A disposi- 
tion (not an extensive one I must admit) having been 
evinced probably owing to the absence of reliable infor- 
mation to depreciate Dunckerley's Masonic services, and 
being myself well aware of their importance and value, 
I had no doubt whatever that if those services were more 
generally known, they would be properly appreciated, at all 
events there would be no excuse for ignoring them in the 
future. For my own part I have no hesitation in saying 
that I consider Dunckerley was by far the most pains-taking, 
unselfish, zealous, and practical enthusiast we ever had in our 
ranks that his merits were by no means over-estimated by 
his contemporaries, and that since his decease our historians 
have not adequately acknowledged them. Some few there are 
who seem disposed to find fault with him for not having been 
the son of his mother's husband ; as however, it is most un- 
likely that he was allowed a voice in this matter, common 
fairness demands that he should be absolved from all respon- 
sibility therein. Hitherto, I have said but little on this 
subject, the peculiar circumstances of the case rendering it 
extremely difficult, at this distance of time, to obtain reliable 
information bearing upon it ; I am, moreover, of opinion that 
his work as a Mason will have a much greater attraction for 
my readers than anything in the nature of a discussion on 
the subject of his parentage. Personally I do not care the 
value of a straw who his father was ; neverthless, I have 
perfect confidence in the truth of his story, as had doubtless 
his Royal relatives or they would not have given him their 
countenance and support. Although I will not go so far 
as to assert that Dunckerley's reputed father actually knew 
of his existence, I am inclined to think that some of his 
courtiers did, and that it was from this source that George 
III. obtained the information which induced him to ac- 
knowledge Dunckerley's claims and to extend to liini his 
patronage and protection. 



310 Thomas Dunckerley. 

Neither George II. nor George III. were members of 
the Craft, but we learn from G. W. Speth's interesting 
little brochure " Royal Freemasons," that the two sons of 
the former who attained maturity are said to have enrolled 
themselves under our ancient banner. With regard to his 
first-born, Frederick Lewis, the records leave no room for 
doubt, but in the case of that much abused though un- 
questionably brave soldier, William, Duke of Cumberland 
(his third son), who fought under his father at Dettingen 
and was wounded in the battle, the evidence is not so 
conclusive. Taking, however, the attendant circumstances 
into consideration, it seems highly probably that he entered 
the Order about the time stated in " Multa Faucis" (1743), 
but doubtless his military avocations precluded his taking 
an active part in its affairs. Three out of the five brothers 
of George III. were members of the Order as were also six 
out of the seven of his sons who arrived at man's estate, 
the exception being Adolphus, the late Duke of Cambridge. 

I find I have omitted to mention that Dunckerley's last 
attendance at Grand Lodge was on May the 7th, 1794. 

In bringing my labours to a conclusion I beg to acknow- 
ledge, with the warmest feelings of gratitude, the kindly 
assistance freely rendered by numerous friends; some in 
furnishing material for this volume, and others in extending 
its sale. My thanks are especially due to William Harry 
Rylands, Esq., F.S.A., for his most valuable aid during the 
preparation and progress of the work, the fact of the Seals 
and Book-plate contained herein having been furnished by 
him will doubtless be a sufficient guarantee of their accuracy. 



INDEX. 



Abbott, G. Blizard, 268 
Accusation, A false, 255 
Admiralty Records, 40 
Albany Lodge, Newport, I.W., 228 
Amherst, General, 42, 43 
Amity, Chapter of, 193, 195, 251 
" Ancient " Mason, An, 94, 97 
" Ancients and Moderns," 3 
Anglo-Irish Masons, 294 
Anson, Admiral Lord, 30 
"Antient" Masons, 147, 148, 226, 

238, 294, 295 
Antiquity, Lodge of, Portsmouth, 

5664, 142, 145 

Apollo Lodge, Salisbury, 130, 228 
Arms in Lodge objected to, 122 
Ashley, Thos. Payne, 214 
Athole, The Duke of, Grand 

Master, 226, 227, 238, 275 
Atkinson, J. B., P.P. J.G.D., Hants, 

137 

Banks, Sir Joseph, 89 

Barfield, Asher, Past G. Treasurer, 

168 
Bath, City of, 126, 127, 128, 130, 

197, 202, 205, 207, 215, 235, 262, 

269, 296, 297, 

Batson, Thos., D.G.M., 104 
Bavley, Charles, Letter from, 218 
Beaufort, The Duke of, G.M., 5, 

33, 89, 118, 119, 121, 122, 

- The "Dutchess " of, 121 
Lodge, Bristol, 209 
Begging Impostors, 215 
Berkeley, R., 3, 8, 89, 127, 128, 245 
Besant, Henrv and Walter, 64 
Bideford, 262*, 263, 268, 269 
Birmingham, Charter for a Chapter 

at, 252 

Bland ford, Dorset, 225 
Blayney, Lord, Grand Master, 4, 

245, 246 

Bocking, Essex, 174, 175, 247, 253 
Boggis, Thomas, of Colchester, i 

247, 248 
Book-plate, Dunckerley's, vii, x 



Boscawen, Admiral, 30, 42, 43 

Bournemouth, 135, 147 

Boys' School, First attempts to es- 
tablish a Masonic, 112, 161 

Braintree. Essex, 174, 175,247, 248 

Bristol, 126, 129, 142, 143, 144, 
147, 173,196, 197,200,201204, 
208, 209, 210, 214, 215, 253, 262, 
296, 297, 298 

Laying Foundation Stone 

at, 203 

Bridgwater, 129, 142, 198, 207, 216, 
253 

Britannic Lodge, Liberal donation 
by, 94 

Buccleugh, the Duke of, 89, 118, 
122, 123 

Bury St. Edmunds, 254 

Caledonian Lodge, London, 195 
Cambridge, The late Duke of, 310 
Campbell, Dr. Alex., Poole, 197,251 
Canada, 43 55, 275 
" Canccaux," Lodge on board the, 

69-72 

Candlesticks, Masonic, 160 
Cannon, Mrs., midwife to the 

Koyal Family, 29 
Carysfort, Lord. Grand Master, 198 
Certificates, K. T., 278 
Chapter, Grand, 246-259, 305 

of Amity, Poole, 193, 
195, 251 

at Bury St. Edmunds, 254 

Durnovarian, Dorchester, 

195, 251 

of Fortitude, Birming- 
ham, 252 

Friendship. Ports- 



mouth, 246 
Harmony. Salisbury, 

250, 251 

Prudence, Ipswich. 252 

Unity, Plymouth, 251, 



Vigilance, Darlington, 



254. 255 
254 



312 



Index. 



Chapter at Weymouth, 252 
Charge delivered at Chelmsford, 1 82 

Marlborough, 219 

Plymouth, 280 

Southampton, 153 

Charity, General, First payment 

to, 86 
Committee of, 115, 119, 

122, 123 

Charter of Compact (R. A.), 246 
Charters (R.A.) first issued, 246, 

306 

Chelmsford, 18, 169, 172, 175-189 
Chester, County of, 240 
Chesterfield, Lord, 21 , 33, 37, 40, 294 

Letters to, 284 

Chocke, Alex., D.G.M,, 105, 109 
Christchurch, Hants, 135, 136, 146 
Christopher, James (Hampton 

Court), 129 
Clare, Martin, 103, 110, 111, 112, 

114, 115 
Clarence, H.R.H., the Duke of, 17, 

133, 145, 147 
Colchester, 16, 144, 171-173, 247, 

248, 253, 262, 267 
Concord, Lodge of, 141, 142 
Constitution at "The Castle," 

Highgate, 104 
exchanged for a new 

one, 117, 118, 119 

Fee for a new, 134 



Cook, Captain, 137 

Cooper, Benj., G. Recorder, R.A., 

255258, 300 
Cornwall, Sir Robert de, 198, 199, 

242 

County of, 276 

Cotton, Dr. Nathaniel, 109 
Cowes, Isle of Wight, 146, 162-168 
Cowper, The Poet, 109 

William, First G. Sec., 86 

Craven, Benjamin, 247, 267 
Crespigny, Claudius, " Master of 

the Devil," 108 
Cumberland, H.R.H., The Duke 

of, 5, 32, 145, 193, 199, 310 



Da Costa, II. J., 101 
Dagge, Henry, D.G.M., Hants, 136 
Dainton, John, 240, 241 
Darell, Sir Lionel, Bart., 98, 99, 100 
Darlington, Chapter at, 254 
Death of Dunckerley announced 
to the K.T., 277 



Dermott, Laurence, 142, 197, 227, 

238 
Desaguliers, Dr., Past Grand 

Master, 105 
Detractors, Dunckerley's, 24, 57, 

255-258 

Devizes, 191, 225, 229, 240, 241, 242 
Devonshire, The Duke of, 27, 29, 

33, 37 
Dunckerley appointed 

G. Sup. of, 251 

Dibdin, Thomas, relieved, 123 
Dillon, Hon. Charles, D.G.M., 7, 

89, 117, 118, 121 
Dispensation, A General, 202 
Dixon, " Sir " Thomas, 261, 262 
Dogs objected to in Lodge, 161 
Dominica, Lodge in the Island of, 

197 
Dorchester, 192, 195, 198, 262, 263, 

269 
Dorsetshire, Freemasonry in, 173, 

190-198, 298 
Downing, George, P.G.M., Essex, 

180189 

Dunckerley, Mary, Confession <>f,27 
Date and place 

of her burial, 27, 35 

Thomas, Date of his 



birth, 29 Date of his Initiation, 
125 First appointment as 
P.G.M. 6, 134, 300 Sketch of 
his Life, &c., 17 Anonymous 
Story of his Parentage, 24 
Further particulars of his Life, 
27 Names of those who had 
assisted him, 21 Pensioned by 
the King, 33 His Naval Ser- 
vices, 38 Is Superannuated, 30, 
Studies Law and is called to the 
Bar, 20 Contemporary opinions 
of him, 12-14, 181-183, 206 In- 
stals P.G.M. of Canada, 49, 52 
Accepts a Commission in the 
Militia, 20, 162 Presents his 
Subscription to the Hall Loan, 81 
Instals Lord Chas. Montague, 
137 Hampshire Lodges Peti- 
tion for his re-appointment as 
P.G.M. 143 Votes of thanks 
by G.L. and G.C., 205, 229, 253 
Requests that Contributions 
be sent direct to G.S., 216 Rank 
of P.S.G.W. conferred by G.L., 
299 His Service as a Grand 
Officer, 299 Date and place of 



Index. 



313 



his Exaltation, 248 Elected Z. 
of G.C. 245, 255 G.C. dis- 
approves of his Proceedings, 
247, 250 Last attendance at G.L. 
and G.C., 255, 310 Resigns ap- 
pointments, 255 His death and 
burial, 255, 300, 301 Counties 
of which he was G. Sup., 259 
Date and place of his widow's 
death, 303 

" Edinburgh," Man of War, 40 
Edward, H.R.H. Prince, Duke of 

Kent, 17, 270275 
Effingham. Lord, Acting G. Master, 

89, 143 

Emblems, Masonic, 133 
Essex, 13, 15, 144, 169-189, 193, 

247, 248, 251, 267, 268, 296-298 
Expulsion of Capt. Smith, 249 

Falmouth, Mass. Bombarded, 72 
Faulkner, Br., P.M. No 35, 168 
Fees of Honour instituted, 7 
Fidelity, Lodge of, 127 
" Fish & Bell," Lodge at the, 115 
Fortitude and Old Cumberland 

Lodge, 116 
Fowke, Thos. P.G.M., Wiltshire, 

226 
Frederick, H.R.H., Prince of 

Wales 4, 5, 310 

Freemasons' Calendar, first pub- 
lished, 69 

Hall, London, 7,9, 10,305 

Tavern, London, 82, 94, 

99, 100, 101 
French, Thomas, G.S., 8, 116-120, 

245 
Friendship, Lodge of, 68, 82, 91, 

92, 103, 1 10123. 

Chapter of, 246 

Frome, Letter from, 217, 300 
Frost, Mark E.. P.P.S.G.W. Hants, 

267 

Galloway, James, J.G.W., 89, 97, 

98, 117, 118, 119, 123, 231. 232, 

245, 246 
Gard,John, P.P.J.G.W., Bristol, 

208 
Gardiner, Rev. Edmund, 200, 210, 

215 
George II., His Majesty King, 34, 

37, 38, 309, 310 



George III , His Majesty King, 4, 

6, 33, 245, 295, 309, 310 
"George, The." Grafton Street, 

Lodge at, 111, 115 
Gibraltar, 18,31,215,275, 285,287 

Description of, 287 

St. George's Cave at, 285 

Girls, Masonic School for, 186-189 
Gloucester, H.R.H. The Duke of, 

4 33 

City of, 296, 297 

Gloucestershire, 173, 193, 198-204, 

296 

Dunckerley ap- 
pointed G. Sup. of, 251 
Gloves (An expensive pair), 121, 

161,163 
Goldney, Frederick H., P.G.D., 

225, 228, 307 
Gordon, Adam, P.G.M., Hereford, 

244 

Lord William, 21, 31, 32 

Gosport, 60, 61, 146, 147, 248 
Gould's "History of Freemasonry," 

64, 244 

Grand Lodge, Compulsory regis- 
tration at, 7, 9 
Two offices by one 

person, objected to, 249 
Treasurer's Book, Extract 

from, 3 
" Guadaloupe," Maii-of-War, 31, 

42, 50, 66, 67, 76, 79, 82, 90 
Gunner in the R. Navy, Duties of 

a, 41 

Hall Fund, The, 7, 80-83, 94, 296, 

297 

Medal, proposed, 80 

Hampshire and I. W., 6,134-168, 173 
Hannam, William, A.G.M., K.T., 

278 

Harford, Henry, Initiation of, 93 
Harmony, Chapter of. 250, 251 
" Lodge of, 81, 124-130, 

202, 296, 297 

Havant, The Bear Lodge at. 135 
Havcrfield, Thomas, 124, 125 
Harwich, 146, 169, 174 
Hemming, Dr., P.S.G.W., 101 
Henjjist, Lodge of, 135, 141, 147 
Herefordshire. 198, 242, 243. 2W, 
Heseltine. James, 8, 9, 10, 77, 78, 

89, 93, 96, 97. 130, 24'J 
Hollo way, W., D.P.G.M., Hants, 

162-1G8 



314 



Index. 



Holt, Rowland, D.G.M., 89, 117 
Honour and Generosity, Lodge of, 

118 

"Horn Lodge," The, 85-80 
Huddersfield, 273, 277 
Httghan, W. J., 244, 24G, 263 

Ilford, Essex, 174 
"Illustrations, Preston's," 12 
Initiation of the Dukes of Glouces- 
ter, Cumberland, York, and 
Frederick, Prince of Wales, 5 
India, Contributions from, 3, 87 
Ipswich, Chapter of Prudence at, 

252 
Isle of Wight, 134, 143, 144, 173 

- First Prov. Grand 
Officers, 1G3 

Jeans. Thomas, 136, 137, 141, 153 

Kent, H.R.H. The Duke of, 17, 

270-275 

Prov. G. L. of, 12 

G. Mastership of, 211, 

212, 248 
Dunckcrlcy appointed Grand 



Sup. of, 252 
Kingston, Surrey, 253 
Kington, Hereford, 243 
Knights Templar, 247, 248, 260-- 

279, 306 

Certificates of, 279 
Circular Letter,275 

Old Charter of, 209 

Uniform of, 2G9 
Song for, 279 

Lancashire, 240 

Lancaster, G. F., Assist. G. Sec. 

Hants, and I.W., 248 
Lane, John, P.P.G.Reg., Devon, 

01, 159 
Leake, Rev. Martin, of Colchester, 

171 
Lectures on Scientific Subjects in 

Lodge, 113 

Le Feuvre, John E., P.G.D., 150 
Leghorn, A description of, 289 
Leominster, Lodge at, 243, 244 
Leslie, Robert, G. S., " Ancients,' 

241. 

Lewis, Brother, (Bristol), 297, 298 
Liberty and Sincerity, Lodge of, 142 
Lodges on board Ships of War, 

6473, 79, 83, 85 



London Lodge, The, 7382, 96, 304 
Louisburg, Siege of, 30, 42 
Lumley, Mr., 27, 28, 38 
Lyme Regis, Lodge at, 190, 191 
Lymington, Hants, Lodge at, 139, 
140 

Mackworth, Sir H., Prov. G. M., 

S. Wales, 81, 235, 250 
Maclean, John, 95, 245, 246 
Maidstone, Kent, 12, 212 
Maiden, Essex, 169, 267, 296 
Manchester, The Duke of, 131, 231, 

249 

Marlborough, Dunckerley at, 219 
Manyat, Captain, 61 
Maryland, Prov. G.M. appointed,93 
" Masonic Facts & Fictions," 2, 245 
"Masonic Records," Lane's, 61, 159 
McGillivray, Simon. 101 
Medina Lodge, The', 146, 151, 152, 

159168 

Mercian Lodge, The, 243 
Meyler, Thomas, P.P.G. Reg., 

Somerset, 278 

William, 127, 130, 144, 

215, 278 

Miscellaneous Letters, &c., 296 
Moira, Presentation to the Earl 

of, 91 
Montague, Lord Charles, 137, 138, 

141, 162, 225 

Mottoes, Dunckerley's, 19, 305 
Mouat, Captain, 71, 72 

Alexander, 137 

Mursell, G. A., P.P.G.D., Hants,-168 

Naples, A Lodge at, 129 
Neild, James, Philanthropist, 89 
Nelson, Lord, his first promotion, 

63 

Newfoundland, 197, 198, 296 
Newnham, Rev. P. H., 135 
Newport, Isle of Wight, 163 166, 

228 

Norfolk, Charles, Duke of, 242 
Norris, Sir John, 19, 25, 38, 39 

Ode, for R.A. Masons, 301 
Oliver, Rev. Dr., 13, 15, 207 
Oration at Southampton, 153 
" Origin of the English Rite " 

(Hughan's), 244, 246 
Oughton, General Sir Adolphus 

20, 24, 33 
Sir Adolphus, 85 



Index. 



315 



Painter, John, P.M., Nos. 749 and 

1579. 195 
Pakes, John J., P.M. and Sec., 

No. 871 2(59 

Palladian Lodge, Hereford, 243 
Palmer, Samuel, 142, 298 
Parker, Sir Peter, 5759, 89, 1 73 
Pascal, Capt., P.G.M., Hants, 143. 

173 
Patent for G. Sup., R.A., ordered, 

250 

Payne, George, P.G.M., 85, 88, 105 
Peck, M. C., P.G. Std. Bearer, 2<JO 
Perfect, Dr., P.G.M . Kent, 12 
Peters, Rev.W.,G.Port.Painter, 131 
Petre, Lord, G.M., 57, 1G9, 176, 
Phoenix Lodge, Portsmouth, 142, 

145, 2S8 
Phillot, Charles, of Bath, 208, 210, 

211 
Plymouth, 32, G7, 251, 254, 264, 

2(58, 280, 305 

Poole, 129, 138, 192 19G, 296 
Portraits, Dunckerley's, 195, 196 
Portsea, 61, 64, 255, 300 
Portsmouth, 43, 5G, 5962, 141. 

142, 173, 217. 246, 248, 269, 298, 

300 

Preston, William, JO. 12, 15 
Prince of Wales's Lodge, 130 

133, 304 

Man-of-War, The. 76, 79,85 

Prov. G. Masters, 1 770 and 1 795, 1 1 

Officers, Clothing of, 138. 

152, 163 

Quebec, 19, 25, 29, 43, 55, 6872 

Siege of, 4349 

Origin of Freemason rv in, 51 

Letters from, 6971, 270 

Rancliffe, Lord, 278 
Red Apron, The, 80, 92, 97 
Redruth, 264, 268, 269, 276, 277 
Regulations for Compulsory regis- 
tration of Members, 7, 9 
Relatives, Dunckerley's, 306 
Remittances. Dunckerley's last, 300 
Richmond, Duke of. 85, 86 
Ringwood, Hants, Lodge at, 140, 

196. 225 

Robertson, Andrew, 101. 113 
Robinson. Arthur, 21, 132,303, 304 
Robinson, Capt. Mark. 57, 59, 62. 

63, 141 
Roddam, Capt. Robert. G3 



I Rowley, James, 78, 303, 304 
I Royal Arch, Memorials of the, 
244-259, 264, 265 

Alpha Lodge, Revival of,121 

Lodge, 92, 120 

Clarence Lodge, The, 217 

Cumberland School, 18, 167, 

179, 186, 187, 189 

. Lodge, 126. 127, 

128. 207, 213, 214, 297 

" Freemasons," G. W. Speth's, 

310 

Gloucester Lodge, 148, 149, 

150, 200-202, 297, 304 

Inverness Lodge, 100-102 

Somerset House Lodge, 79, 

82-102, 116, 117, 213 
Sussex Lodge of Hospitalitv, 

199 

Ruspini. Chevalier, The, 131 
Ruthven, Capt. John, 31, 50 
Rylands, W. H., x., 310 

Salisbury, 129, 130, 147, 225, 227- 

230, 250, 262, 269, 307 . 
Salter, Col. John, D.G.M., III) 
Sarum Lodge, The, 193, 307 
Scientific Lectures in Lodge. 113 
Science, Lodge of, 130, 193 
Seal, Dunckerley's, 233 

of Grand Conclave. K.T., 272 

Knights Kadosh, 2GI 

Description of the above, ix. 

Shaftesbury, 147, 300 

Sheptou Mallett 148 

Silurian Lodge, The, 243 

Smith, John, P.G.M., Somerset, 218 
- Capt. George, 247-249 

Somersetshire, 12(5, 127, 14s, 17;(, 
204-218,251, 296 

Somerset House, 21. 25. 32. 35. 37, 
38, 78 

Son, Dunckerley's. 307 

Southampton, 21, 140-144, 147, 
148, 151, 227, 276, 
29S-3W, 304 

Laving Corner Stone 

of Church at/151 

Sperling. Her, ry. 173. 2!>7 

Speth, G. W., 310 

Street. William, P.P.G.M.. Somer- 
set, 210 

Suffolk. Dunckerley appointed G. 
Sup. of, 253. 259* 

Surrey, Dunckerlev appointed G. 
Sup. of, 253, 25;" 



316 



Index. 



Sussex, Dunckerley appointed G. 

Sup. of, 254 
H.li.H. The Duke of, 100, 

101, 121, 133, 275 
Swords not to be worn in Lodge, 

122 

Taunton, Somerset, 207 

Taynton, Thomas, 201 

" The Light and Truth of Masonry," 

280 
Thrupp, Raymond H., P.A.G.D.C., 

124 
Tyssen, Samuel, 173, 297 

Uniform of Knights Templar, 209 

Vandyke, Philip, 195, 213, 214 
" Vanguard," Man-of- War, 29, 30, 

3G, 65, G8, 72, 73, 79, 85 
Virtue, The Lodge of, Bath, 205, 

207 



Wales, H.R.H. Albert Edward 
Prince of, 133, 270 

Frederick Prince of,5,310 

George Prince of, 130, 132 

Walpole, Sir Edward, 21, 25, 33, 37 

Sir Robert, 25, 34, 37. 39 

Wells, City of, 126, 127, 147, 148, 

215, 296 
West, Fred., P.G.D., 92 

Thomas, 211 

Weymouth, 192, 252, 296 
White, William, Initiation of, 89 
Will, Dunckerley 's, 303 
Williamson, Reuben, 273, 277, 279 
Wiltshire, Freemasonry in, 219 

242, 250 

Wolfe, General, 25, 42, 43, 47, 48 
Woolwich, 51, 71 

York, H.R.H. The Duke of, 133 

The City of, 240, 260, 262, 

269 
Younglass, Henry, Letter from, 206 




In Demy Svo., Bevelled Boards. Bed edges. Price 7*. 6</. 



BY 

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" Bro. SADLER has compiled a useful and most readable volume for 
which, whether they agree with him or not, he deserves, and will no 
doubt receive, due recognition from Craftsmen generally. lie has 
broached a theory as to the origin of the ' Ancient ' system which is 
absolutely revolutionary in its character, and will cause a terrible commo- 
tion among those who have sworn or swear by the ' Secession ' origin ; 
but apart from this he has introduced to us a mass of new matter. * * 
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' ; To sum up, the work throughout is one of sustained interest ; and 
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" We trust this review will have so far awakened the interest of our 
readers as to induce many of them to read the book and judge for them- 
selves how much valuable matter it contains, and how completely the 
author has worked up his case. Doubtless some who have long entertained 
the "Secession Theory" will continue to hold tenaciously to the belief, 
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acknowledge the ability with which he has handled the subject, and 
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ENRY SADLER 

(Author of "Masonic Facts and Fictions." ) 



" We consider Bro. SADLER has fully made out his case, and that he 
merits the thanks of the brethren generally for the important service he 
has thus rendered. ********** 
These anecdotes are very interesting, and will greatly edify the Craft, 
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as regards this trifling blemish, Bro. SADLER has succeeded admirably, 
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reader to most of those who took a prominent thare in its affairs." The 
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and what, in outline, it is." The Keystone, Philadelphia. 



" The book is one of the most valuable Masonic monographs that 
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