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3 1833 00669 2286 









Member Maryland Historical Society 







A limited edition of one hundred and 
fifty copies of this book has been 
printed, of which this is 

No. 1X ... 

Ai^\l i/. alju^'^^^ 

Richard Henry Spencer 


The preparation of this pedigree and the history of the allied 
families, was undertaken at the request of a relative, now 
deceased, a daughter of one of the most cultivated and dis- 
tinguished members of the Thomas family. 

Pride of birth has in all ages and in all countries existed; 
and as naturally, yet with greater reason, as pride of strength, 
pride of beauty or pride of wealth. This feeling has been cher- 
ished by the greatest nations of antiquity, it was carried to 
its fullest extent during Mediaeval life in England, and it has 
continued to the present day. Plutarch dwells with compla- 
cency on nobility of birth and Byron, it is said, was prouder 
of being descended from those de Burons who accompanied 
William the Conqueror into England, than of having been the 
author of Childe Harold and Manfred. 

It is almost impossible not to have a laudable desire to know 
something of the departed, and curiosity about our progenitors 
seems quite natural. It gives one pleasure and delight to con- 
template the names and deeds, the struggles and services of 
those whose blood circulates through our veins. If they were 
ennobled, or were honored in any way above their fellows, 
it was because they were entitled to some distinction, for having 
led useful and honorable lives and had left their impress upon 
the history of their times. Their lives, therefore, are more 
interesting and instructive to us because they had accomplished 
something in the drama of life. There is inspiration in a well 
spent life, and there is poetry in a ruined abbey or a crumbling 

"There was a morning when I longed for fame, 

There was a noontide when I passed it by, 
There is an evening when I think not shame 

Its substance and its being to deny; 
For if men bear in mind great deeds — the name 

Of him that wrought them shall they leave to die? 
Of if his name they shall have deathless writ, 

They change the deeds that first ennobled it." 


It has been said that "a simple pedigree has no more inter- 
est than a tree without foliage," but the history of our ancient 
families, if written in a popular manner, attractive in style 
and in decoration, with noteworthy incidents and circumstances 
connected with the family in the past, would be interesting to 
their kindred and entertaining to the public. It is true 

"The glories of our birth and state 

Are shadows, not substantial things; 
There is no armour against fate, 
Death lays his icy hand on Kings, 
Sceptre and Crown 
Must tumble down. 
And, in the dust, be equal made 
With the poor, crooked scythe and spade." 

The early settlers of the Province of Maryland found the 
country bordering upon the Chesapeake a highly favored region, 
and none more so than the Eastern Shore, with its numerous 
creeks and rivers and delightful climate. These colonists came 
from different parts of England and so charmed were they 
with this part of the New World, that very few ever returned 
to the mother country again to live. They brought with them 
all the best traits of those who were accustomed to English 
country life, and now, after the lapse of more than two hun- 
dred and fifty years, many of the estates are in the possession 
of the descendants of the original proprietors. 

Those of us who remember the genuine hospitality of the 
lande/d gentry of the Eastern Shore and of Southern Maryland, 
before the Civil War, know that its grace and charm has never 
been excelled anywhere. 

Several years ago, a writer in the Springfield (Mass.) Repub- 
lican, in giving a New Englander's views of the Eastern Shore, 
said; "A land of quiet, the Eastern Shore seems but a step 
removed from Colonial America and still within hailing dis- 
tance of rural England. On summer nights, when the moon- 
light lies denpe on the fields of ripening wheat, and the shadows 
temper ai^d subdue the new-world crudity of outline that lin- 
gers even in this old corner of Maryland, the peaceful land- 


scape, so rich with atmosphere, wants only the hedgerows to 
make one imagine it the mother country herself, just as the 
society might conceivably be that of Somerset or Devon. The 
English gentry that settled the Eastern Shore retain the purity 
of the good county stock from which they are sprung. No 
alien inroads have disturbed their peaceful existence. Their 
civilization is rich with the gracious tradition of inherited gen- 
tility. It is conservative, aristocratic, withal intensely South- 
ern. The county families might be called a ' close corporation,' 
if commercial language could possibly be applied to them at 
all. So far as the native born go, their number is fixed. Once 
accepted, no family can drop out of the enchanted circle until 
its members have perished from the earth. A great name in 
the county is indeed 'a name forever.' Everybody knows 
everybody else, and most of them are kindred. Cousins and 
double cousins abound. The life itself is natural and whole- 
some; outside sports on land and water, according to season; 
generous hospitality at all times. Church on Sundays, and the 
baying of the hounds is to the Eastern Shore man as wine to 
the blood." 

At the celebration of the one hundredth birthday of Easton, 
Talbot County, on 26 July 1888, the late General Bradley 
T. Johnson, after speaking of the virtues and influence of the 
men of the Eastern Shore, who had left evidences of their 
greatness behind them, and dwelling upon their patriotism, love 
of home, of honor, their chivalry and gallantry, "there is," 
he said, ''no soil, no climate, no sea, no air, which is likely to 
evolve a higher civilization or a higher race of men and women 
than this blessed and favored region. Of this, by common 
acclaim, the Eastern Shore is the garden, and the county of 
Talbot the flower. For two centuries it has been the seat of 
high culture, of broad and liberal ideas, of devotion to honor, 
right and principle, and has given to the State brave, true and 
wise statesmen. Never since the 23rd day of April 1667, when 
Colonel William Coursey was commissioned High Sheriff of 
Talbot County, and the 6th of July following, when Philemon 
Lloyd was commissioned Captain of the horse of Chester and 


Wye River, has Talbot County ever been lacking in sons to 
serve the State in time of trial. For two hundred years there 
never has been a generation in which she did not give to the 
public service her sons of the blood of Lloyd, Tilghman, Golds- 
borough, Kerr, Hollyday and Thomas, and never have they 
failed to respond to her call to duty," 

No pains have been spared to make the pedigree as accurate 
and reliable as possible, in every particular. 

The history of the allied families, nearly all of whom early 
settled on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, showing who they 
were and where they came from in the mother-country, 
gathered from various sources, with the origin of the surname, 
and in a few instances making the family connection, I trust 
will be interesting to the descendants and entertaining to the 
general reader. If Fiction pleases so much the more should 
Truth, and when we read of the deeds and exploits of our an- 
cestors in days long gone by, our gratification should be great 
indeed and our pleasure intensified. 

Richard Henry Spencer. 

Baltimore, Md., May, 1914- 



Thomas Family 1 

The De Courcys 41 

The Riddells 47 

The Lowes 53 

The Leeds's 58 

The Leighs 64 

The Goldsboroughs 70 

The Dickinsons 84 

The Balls 90 

The Bringiers 95 

The Martins 98 

The Spencers 106 

The Francis's 120 

The Kerrs 127 

The Markoes 132 

The Trippes 137 

The Hemsleys 142 

The Ridgelys 148 



The Thomas family is one of great antiquity in Wales. The 
surname has been borne by many who have been distinguished 
in all the various walks of life, civil and military. A number 
of them have been knighted or otherwise honored for services 
rendered their King and country, notably Sir Rhys Ap Thomas, 
born in 1451, a celebrated chieftain of South "Wales, of ancient 
lineage and vast possessions, who fought gallantly at Bosworth 
Field, principally with his own retainers, and according to some 
authorities "did more than any one man to place Henry vii, 
the first of the Tudors, upon the throne of England," and who 
conferred many honors and dignities upon him. 

He was Constable and Lieutenant of Brecknock, Chamber- 
lain of Caermarthen and Cardigan, Seneschal and Chancellor 
of Haverfordwest, Rhoos and Builth, Justiciary of South Wales, 
and Governor of all Wales, Knight Banneret and Knight of 
the Garter, a Privy Councillor of Henry vii, and a favorite 
of Henry viii, who also bestowed many honors upon him. He 
fought in five battles, held the most famous tourney in Wales, 
at Carew Castle, his residence, and died in 1527, full of years 
and honors. 

Among the early emigrants to America, during the reign of 
Charles i, was Christopher Thomas, born in 1609, in County 
Kent, England, who arrived in Virginia in June 1635, at the 
age of twenty-six years. (Hotten's List of Emigrants to Amer- 
ica, 1600-1700). His ancestors were of Welsh origin, but the 
branch of the family from which he was descended, not long 
after the Norman Conquest, removed to England, where Tris- 
tram Thomas, his father, was living at Sundrish, (in Domesday 
Book Sondresse), now Sundridge, County Kent, in 1639. He 
is thought to have been either the son or the grandson of the 
Rev. Tristram Thomas, Rector of Alfold Parish, County Surrey, 
instituted 9 February 1558-59. (Manning and Bray's History 



and Antiquities of Surrey, 1814.) There was also a Rev. Nich- 
olas Thomas, Rector of Stoke Parish, Surrey, 1447-1452, who 
was probably a member of the same family. 

TRISTRAM THOMASS of Sundrish, County Kent, in his 
will dated 21 March 1639, and duly recorded in the Prerog- 
ative Court, Canterbury, Kent, England, 2 February 1640 (Mrs. 
Hester Dorsey Richardson's Gleanings in England, 1908), men- 
tions his wife Elizabeth, his eldest son Edmund, to whom he 
left all his landed estate in the Parishes of Cheveninge, Sun- 
drish, and Sevenoaks, including the "capitall messuage com- 
monly called Pollard's,* wherein the said Edmund now dwell- 
eth, with all the barnes, stables, edifices, closes, yards, gardens, 
orchards, lands, meadows, pastures, feedings, and woodgrounds 
thereunto belonging." He bequeaths personal and other prop- 
erty to his son Tristram who married about 1628, Margaret 
Amherst, the only daughter of the Rev. Jeffrey Amherst, Rector 
of Horsemonden Parish, Kent. (Brydges Collins', Peerage, vol. 
viii, 1812), the ancestor of the Earls Amherst and of General 
Lord Jeffrey Amherst, f to whom the French surrendered Mon- 
treal and with it all Canada, in 1760; his sons Christopher, the 
emigrant; Richard; Leonard and Edward, both minors; his 
grandsons Tristram and Edmund, sons of his eldest son Edmund, 
and his daughters Elizabeth, wife of John Austyn of Horse- 
monden Parish, Ann, Mary and Sarah Thomas, the last two 

In 1654, "Chepsted Place," Cheveninge, belonged to Jeffrey 
Thomas, gent., and in "the neighbourhood, thickly strewn with 
the seats of the nobility and gentry, at a little distance south 
eastward from Chepsted Place, is "Montreal," so-called by the 
late Jeffrey, Lord Amherst, K.B., in memory of his success in the 
reduction of Montreal in Canada." (Hasted's Kent, vol. iii). 

* This house is mentioned in Hasted's Kent, Vol. iii, p. 123, "as for- 
merly possessed by the family of Thomas." 

t His eldest sister Elizabeth Amherst, baptized at Sevenoaks, Kent, 
June 1714, married the Rev. John Thomas, and died in 1779. She was 
celebrated for her poetical talents. 


CHRISTOPHER THOMAS^, after remaining in Virginia a 
short time, was employed by Thomas Butler and came with 
him to the Province of Maryland. Showing the estimation in 
which he was held by his friends and neighbours, he was elected 
in 1637, with Mr. Nicholas Brown, one of the Burgesses in the 
Lower House of Assembly for the "Isle of Kent," which then 
included all of the Eastern Shore of the Province. This was 
the first Assembly convened by Governor Leonard Calvert, and 
Christopher Thomas sat as a member in the First and Second 
Sessions in 1637 and 1638. (Md. Archives, i, 15, 19, 31, 35). 
There is no record of his being in the Province of Maryland 
after March 1638-39, and nothing more is known of him for 
twenty-six years. In 1664, he appeared in Maryland again 
with his second wife Elizabeth Higgins, a widow, with her two 
daughters and three servants. On 27 October 1664, he de- 
manded land for transporting himself, his family and three 
servants into the Province, and had surveyed 18 April 1665, 
"Barbadoes Hall,* three hundred and fifty acres on the south 
side of Chester River, on the south side of Corsica Creek," 
Queen Anne's County. He died 25 March 1670, leaving by 
his first wife an only son. 

TRISTRAM TH0MAS3, born in England about 1633, 
married Anne Coursey, whose brothers Henry and William 
and sister Juliana Coursey, had emigrated to Maryland in 1653 
and 1661, At the instance of his brother-in-law William 
Coursey, Sr., Tristram Thomas, with his wife Anne, and their 
three sons Thomas, Christopher and Tristram Thomas, came 
to Maryland in 1666, and settled on Wye River, Talbot 
County. (Annapolis Land Records, Liber ix, fol. 327.) 

It is not known whom William Coursey, Sr., married, and as 
Tristram Thomas was an only child, the only evidences we 
have of the relationship is the fact that he named one of his 
sons after his brother-in-law, William Coursey, Sr., and one of 
his daughters after his sister-in-law Juliana Coursey, and in a 
deed of gift, dated 10 November 1670, William Coursey of Tal- 

* Rent Roll of Lord Baltimore for Queen Anne's County. 


bot County, recites that "in consideration of the brotherly love 
and natural affection which I have and bear to my beloved 
brother-in-law Tristram Thomas, of the same county, Gentle- 
man, etc." I have given and granted to the said Tristram 
Thomas, "all that land which he now lives on called *Trus- 
tram,' on Wye River, in Talbot County, near the head of the 
northeast branch of Back Wye, containing four hundred acres." 
(Talbot Co. Deeds, Liber A, No. 1, fol. 126). 

At a session of the Lower House of Assembly, on 6 November 
1683, "An Act for the Advancement of Trade," was passed, 
and the following gentlemen of Talbot County, were duly ap- 
pointed Commissioners; Coll. Henry Coursey, Coll. Vincent 
Lowe, Coll. Philemon Lloyd, Mr. John Rousby, Major William 
Coursey, Mr. Edward Mann, Major Peter Sayer, Capt. William 
Hemsley, Mr. William Combes, Mr. George Robotham, Mr. 
Tristram Thomas, Mr. John Hawkins and twelve others. (Md. 
Archives, vii, 609). Under this Act the preliminary steps were 
taken to lay out a town at the mouth of the Tred Avon River, 
and it was enacted that the town should be called Oxford, the 
land being subsequently purchased from Col. Nicholas Lowe 
and his wife Elizabeth Combes. 

Tristram Thomas^, died in May 1686, leaving a large landed 
estate. His widow was living in 1701. 

Tristram Thomas^ and Anne (Coursey) his wife, had issue: 

I. Thomas Thomas*, b. in England, about 1662, d. in Talbot County 

in 1706, mar. Elizabeth . Issue; Edmund*, Tristram*, 

and Thomas Thomas*. 
II. Christopher Thomas*, b. in England, about 1664, d. s. p. 

III. Tristram Thomas*, of whom presently. 

IV. Elizabeth Thomas*, b. in Talbot County, about 1667-68, mar. 

before May 1686, John Madbury. 
V. William Thomas*, of whom presently. 
VI. Juliana Thomas*, b. in Talbot County, 15 Oct. 1671, mar. John 


VII. Stephen Thomas*, b. in Talbot County, 15 Jan. 1673, d. s. p. 

VIII. Ann Thomas*, b. in Talbot County, about 1677, d. 1737, mar. 

11 Feb. 1701, Thomas Martin, Jr., b. 1 Sept. 1672, d. 23 Nov. 

1715, son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Day) Martin, leaving issue. 

IX. Martha Thomas*, b. in Talbot County, about 1680, d. 1739, 






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mar. about 1708, second wife, Colonel Thomas Smyth of Kent 
County, and from whom are descended Bennett Bernard Browne 
M.D., and Hon. William Shepard Bryan, Jr. of Baltimore, Md. 
Colonel Smyth was a man of prominence at an early day in 
Kent County. One of "Ye Worshipful Commissioners and 
Justices of the Peace," of the quorum, 1694-1696. Member of 
the Lower House of Assembly, 1694-1697, 1704-1707. Deputy 
Commissary General, 1707-1718. Member of the Council, 1715- 
1719. Judge of the Provincial Court, 1719. 

TRISTRAM THOMASS third son of Tristram^ and Anne 
(Coursey) Thomas, born in England, in 1666, died February 
1745-46, married Judith Clayland, born 26 December 1674, 
daughter of Rev. James Clayland and Elizabeth Hemsley, his 
wife, daughter of William and Judith Hemsley, the emigrants. 
He married secondly Mrs. Jane Smith. 

Tristram Thomas^ and Judith (Clayland) his first wife, had 
issue : 

I. Stephen Thomas*. 
II. Philemon Thomas'. 

III. Tristram Thomas', of whom presently. 

IV. Simon Thomas'. 

V. Benjamin Thomas'. 
VI. Nancy Thomas'. 
VII. Penelope Thomas'. 
VIII. Anne Thomas'. 

TRISTRAM THOMASS third son of TristramS and Judith 
(Clayland) Thomas, died May 1746, married Anne Emory. 
He resided on land called "Trustram," on Back Wye River, 
Queen Annes County. Issue: 

I. Christopher Thomas^. 

II. Tristram Thomas^ died Oct. 1761, mar. Mary . Issue: 

I. Sarah Thomas', mar. William Meredith. 
II. Samuel Thomas^. 

hi. Joshua Thomas^ b. about 1743, d. 1775, in Caroline County. 
IV. Elizabeth Thomas', b. about 1746. 

III. Joseph Thomas«, d. 1762. 

IV. Edmund Thomas, Jr^. d. Aug. 1768. His son Samuel Wright 

Thomas', was active in the War of the Revolution and attained 
the rank of Colonel. 
V. Thomas ThomasS d. 1758. 


VI. John Thomas^, of whom presently. 
VII. Rachel Thomas^ 
VIII. Elizabeth Thomas", mar. William Pryor. 

JOHN THOMASS sixth son of Tristram^ and Anne (Emory) 
Thomas, married and left at least one son, who administered 
upon his estate in November 1786. (Orphan's Court of Tal- 
bot County, Register of Wills' Office.) Issue: 

I. John Thomas^ of Wye, married Elizabeth , died in 1799. 

Second Lieutenant 3d Battalion Flying Camp, 1776. Justice 
of Talbot County, 1778. At the time of his appointment by 
the Governor with the other Justices, Messrs William Hindman, 
William Perry, Samuel Thompson, Thomas Sherwood, James 
Benson, Jeremiah Banning, William Manadier, John Troupe, 
Samuel Chamberlaine, Joseph Bruff, Samuel Nichols, Johnathan 
Abel, Richard Johns, Nicholas Martin and William Hambleton, 
he was designated as John Thomas, son of John. (Commission 
Book). Issue: 
I. John Thomas, Jb*. of whom presently. 

II. Rev. James Thomas', b. 22 Nov. 1765, d. 6 Oct. 1827, mar. 24 
Sept. 1797, Mrs. Mary (Stevens) Manning, d. Nov. 1828, leav- 
ing issue. No descendants living. 

JOHN THOMAS, Jr.,^ eldest son of John Thomas^ of Wye, 
and Elizabeth, his wife, born 1763, died 1 March 1802, mar- 
ried 1797, Henrietta Stevens,^ died 1809, sister of Mrs. Mary 
(Stevens^) Manning, wife of his brother Rev, James Thomas,* 
and also sister of Hon. Samuel Stevens', Governor of Maryland. 
Sheriff of Talbot County, 1798-1802. John Thomas, Jr.* and 
Henrietta (Stevens)'' his wife, had issue: 

I. Edmond Thomas,' b. Jan. 1798, d. 5 June 1817, in Calcutta, India. 
II. John Thomas', of whom presently. 
III. James Stevens Thomas', of whom presently. 

JOHN THOMAS^, second son of John Thomas, Jr.,* and 
Henrietta Stevens,' his wife, born 4 Oct. 1799, died 1 May 
1849, married 8 July 1828, Eliza Jane Mercer. Issue: 

I. Henrietta ThomasI", b. 15 Aug. 1830, d. 12 Sept. 1830. 
II. James Guthrie ThomasI", b. 15 Oct. 1834, d. 30 July 1835. 


III. Edmond John ThomasI", b. 9 Oct. 1837, mar. first 3 Nov. 1857, 
Mary Rebecca Timberlake, d. 31 Jan. 1861, dau. of Henry and 
Mary Timberlake, his wife. Issue: 
I. John James Thomas", b. 23 Aug. 1858, d. Nov. 1908, mar. Nora 
Winner. Issue : 
i. Edmond John Thomases b. 16 July 1897. 
II. Henry Timberlake Thomas", b. 22 May 1860, mar. 25 Dec. 
1888, Louisa Cecilia Hayes. Issue: 
i. Teresa Mat Thomas^^^ b. 12 June 1890. 
ii. Henrietta Elizabeth Thomas'^ b. 17 Aug. 1893. 
Edmond JohnThomasi", mar. secondly 2 Dec. 1869, Louisa Cecilia 
Austin, dau. of John and Elizabeth A. Austin. Issue: 

III. Edmond Austin Thomas", b. 12 Oct. 1870, mar. 5 Nov. 1895, 

Rosalind Sailer Lodge. Issue; 

i. Rosalind Lodge Thomas^^, b. 10 Sept. 1896. 

ii. Beatrice Lodge Thomas", b. 22 Oct. 1898. 
iii. Elizabeth Mepham Thomas", b. 31 Oct. 1909. 
iv. Edmond George Thomas", b. 4 May 1912. 

IV. Carver Alleyne Thomas", b. 24 Aug. 1873, mar. 30 May 1907, 

Emma Balz. Issue: 
i. Louisa Cecilia Thomas", b. 31 May 1913. 
V. Elizabeth Arnold Thomas", b. 7 Nov. 1875, mar. 19 June 1901. 
James McClelland, d. 27 Nov. 1909. Issue: 
i. Sara Elizabeth McClelland", b. 13 April 1905. 
ii. James Edmond McClelland", b. 6 June 1907. 
VI. Mary Teresa Thomas", b. 6 Jan. 1878, d. 30 Dec. 1880. 
VII. James Stevens Thomas", b. 15 Dec. 1879, mar. 3 Sept. 1903. 
Winifred Walsh. Issue: 
i. James Austin Alleyne Thomas", b. 3 Sept. 1904. 
ii. Winifred Jane Thomas", b. 5 Sept. 1906. 

JAMES STEVENS THOMAS^, youngest son of John 
Thomas, Jr.^ and Henrietta Stevens^ his wife, born in Talbot 
County, 2 May 1802, died 26 September 1874. Mayor of St. 
Louis, Mo. 1864-1869. Married first, 31 December 1829, Mary 
Ann Skinner, d. 29 July 1835, leaving issue. He married sec- 
ondly 23 November 1837, Susan Ward Hackney, died 12 April 
1881. Issue: 

I. Mary Ann Thomas", b. 1838, d. 10 Nov. 1869, unm. 
II. Louisa May ThomasI", b. 1847, mar. 24 April 1872, Robert S. 
Fowler, son of Hon. Robert Fowler of Maryland. 


WILLIAM THOMAS*, fourth son of Tristram^ and Anne 
(Coursey) Thomas, born in Talbot County, 18 October 1669, 
died 1 April 1740, married in 1690, Jean Riddell, born about 
1671, daughter of Walter Riddell, planter, of Talbot County, 
who died in 1682. (Annapolis Test. Pro. Liber 13, folio 19), 
leaving two daughters Jean and Katherine, and an only son 
Walter Riddell, who died in 1732, without issue. (Annapolis 
Test. Pro. Liber 29, folio 250). 

Walter Riddell was a descendant of Walter de Ridale (A.D. 
1140), of Roxburghshire, Scotland, the family being known as 
The Riddells of Riddell or of that Ilk, and now represented 
by Sir John Walter Buchanan Riddell, 11th Baronet. Jean 
Riddell, wife of William Thomas, was a contemporary of Jean 
Riddell, daughter of Walter Riddell of Minto, Dumfriesshire, 
Scotland, who married 27 July 1674, Sir Robert Laurie, 1st 
Baronet of Maxwelton, Dumfriesshire, whose daughter Anna, 
born 16 December 1682, was the "Annie Laurie," so well known 
in Scottish song. (Burke's Peerage.) Member of the vestry of 
St. Peter's Parish, 1710-1740. William Thomas* and Jean 
(Riddell) his wife, had issue: 

I. Juliana Thomas", b. 29 Jan. 1691, d. 5 May 1702. 
II. Katheeine Thomas*, b. 11 Dec. 1693. 

III. Nicholas Thomas*, b. about 1695, d. 1 Nov. 1716. 

IV. Edward Thomas*, b. about 1697, d. 13 Nov. 1716. 

V. Anne Thomas*, b. about 1698-99, mar. first 27 Feb. 1716, Loftus 
Bowdle, d. 1723. She mar. secondly, 5 Aug. 1737, William Mar- 
tin, Jr. son of Thomas Martin, Jr. and Anne Thomas*, dau. of 
Tristram^ and Anne (Coursey) Thomas, from whom were de- 
scended Hon. William Bond Martin, 1770-1835, Judge of the 
Court of Appeals of Maryland, 1814-1835, and Hon. Robert 
Nicols Martin, 1798-1870, Member of Congress, 1825-1827. Chief 
Judge Western Circuit of Maryland, 1845-1851, Judge of the 
Superior Court of Baltimore City, 1859-1867. 
VI. Jean Thomas*, b. 7 Jan. 1700, mar. 19 Dec. 1717, Thomas Martin, 
3d, their only son Thomas Martin, Jr., b. 4 June 1719, mar. 20 
April 1743, Mary Ennalls, dau. of Thomas and Ann Ennalls, 
from whom was descended Dr. Ennalls Martin, 1758-1834, Assist- 
ant Surgeon War of the Revolution. 
VII. Elizabeth Thomas*, b. about 1701, mar. 18 Dec. 1723, Edward 
Needles, leaving issue. 


VIII. Sakah Thomas^, b. about 1703, d. 20 Nov, 1708. 
IX. William Thomas*, of whom presently. 

X. Juliana ThomasS b. 10 Jan. 1707, mar. first 23 Sept. 1724, William 
Stevens of Talbot County, leaving issue. She mar. secondly 
14 Aug. 1734, her brother-in-law Thomas Stevens. Issue.: 
I. John Stevens^, of whom presently. 
II. Samuel Stevens^. 

III. William Stevens®. 

IV. Tristram Stevens*. 

JOHN STEVENS^, eldest son of Thomas and Juliana 
(Thomas*) Stevens, born in March 1735, died 9 December 
1794, married Elizabeth Connolly, died 2 September 1791. He 
was a member of the Convention of Maryland, in April 1788, 
to ratify the Constitution of the United States, his colleagues 
from Talbot County being Hon Robert Goldsborough, Jr., 
and Hon. Edward Lloyd. One of the Associates Justices, 
Talbot County, 1794. Issue: 

I. Mary STEVENS^ b. 22 April 1763, d. Nov. 1828, mar. first 2 Jan. 

1794, Nathaniel Manning, d. 2 May 1796, leaving issue. She 
mar. secondly 24 Sept 1797, Rev. James Thomas*, b. 22 Nov. 
1765, d. 6 Oct. 1827, son of John Thomas^ of Wye and Eliza- 
beth, his wife, leaving issue. No descendants living. 

II. Juliana Stevens^, b. 1765, d. 1823, mar. Joseph Martin of 
"Hampden," Talbot County. 

III. Henrietta Stevens'', b. 14 Aug. 1776, d. June 1809, mar. 26 July 

1795, John Thomas, Jr.* b. about 1763, d. 1 March 1802, son 
of John Thomas'' of Wye, and Elizabeth, his wife. Issue, 
Edmund^, John' and James Stevens Thomas', before mentioned 
among the descendants of Tristram* and Judith (Clayland) 

IV. Eliza Stevens^, mar. first John R. Downes. She mar. secondly 

Francis Rochester of Queen Anne's County. 
V. Hon. Samuel Stevens^ b. 13 July 1778, d. 7 Feb. 1860, mar. 2. 
June 1804, Eliza May, dau. of Colonel Robert and Rebecca 
(Potts) May. Governor of Maryland, 1822-1825. Issue. 
I. Rebecca May Stevens*, b. 30 Oct. 1805, d. 27 Oct. 1854, unm. 
II. William Augustus Stevens*, b. 9 April 1807, d. 3 Oct. 1834, A 
Presbyterian Minister. 

III. John Stevens*, b. 25 Oct. 1808, d. 30 Jan. 1810. 

IV. Anna Maria Stevens*, b. 22 March 1810, d. 27 April 1832, mar. 

19 July 1831, Rev. Cyrus H. Jacobs, s. p. 


V. Julian Potts Stevens^, b. 18 Feb. 1812, d. 24 July 1813. 
VI. Robert May Stevens.s, b. 26 Dec. 1813, d. 22 Oct. 1831. 
VII. Sarah Elizabeth Stevens^ b. 3 Nov. 1815, d. 30 Jan. 1842, mar. 
10 Aug. 1837, first wife, John F. James of Philadelphia, s.p. 
VIII. Henrietta Louisa Stevens*, b. 26 April 1817, d. 1867, mar. 

second wife, her brother-in-law, John F. James, s.p. 

IX. Edwin John Stevens*, b. 1818, d. 5 June 1854, mar. 14 Nov. 

1843, Sarah Hooper Eccleston, of Dorchester County, dau. 

of Thomas I. H. and Sarah Ennalls (Hooper) Eccleston. 

Issue : 

i. Eliza May Stevens', b. 25 Aug. 1843, d. 20 Sept. 1912, unm. 

ii. Sarah Ennalls Hooper Stevens', b. 13 March 1848, d. 

mar. Thomas Bowie Contee Howard. Issue: 
t. Edwin Stevens Howard'", 
iii. Samuel Eccleston Stevens', b. 25 Feb. 1850, unm. 
iv. Hugh Eccleston Stevens', b. 28 April 1852, d. 12 Jan 1854. 
V. Edwin John Stevens', b. 31 Dec. 1853, mar. 13 Jan. 1887, 
Cynthia Whiting Magee of Philadelphia. Issue: 
t. Cynthia Jarden Stevens'". 
ii. Sarah Eccleston Stevens'". 
XI. Tristram Thomas^ of whom presently. 

HON. WILLIAM THOMAS^ third son of WiIliam^ and 
Jean (Riddell) Thomas, born 15 May 1705, died at " Anderton," 
Talbot County, 10 April 1767, married 11 May 1732, Elizabeth 
Allen, only daughter of Rev. John Allen and Mary Lowe, 
daughter of Colonel Nicholas and Elizabeth (Combes) Lowe. 
He was a leading citizen of Talbot County for many years. 
One of "Ye Worshipful the Commissioners and Justices of the 
Peace," 1736-1748, 1752-1754, 1756-1767. High Sheriff 1734- 
1736, 1749-1751. (Commission Book). Member Vestry St. 
Peter's Parish, 1740-1760. On 15 December 1737, he was 
chosen one of the Delegates from Talbot County to the Lower 
House of Assembly, of Maryland, his coadjutors being Hon. 
Nicholas Goldsborough, Hon. Edward Lloyd, and Hon. Robert 
Lloyd, and he continued to be a member of the Lower House 
until 1748. (Md. House J'ls.) On 30 May 1747, by an Order 
of Council he was appointed a Commissioner with Mr. Samuel 
Chamberlaine, Mr. Robert Lloyd and Mr. James Tilghman, 
of Talbot County, to inquire into grievances of the Indians 
in Dorchester County, whom they met in Cambridge, 8 March 


1748. In April 1754, he was appointed by the Council one 
of the Commissioners with Colonel Henry Hooper, Major John 
Eccleston and Dr. William Murray of Dorchester County, to 
inquire into the complaints of the Indians in Dorchester County 
for trespass upon their reservations, whom they met on 12 
June 1754. (Md. Archives Vols 28 and 31). 
William Thomas* and Elizabeth (Allen) his wife, had issue: 

I. John Allen Thomas«, b. 17 Aug. 1734, d. 1797. Clerk of the 
Lower House of Assembly, 1761 . Admitted to the bar of Talbot 
County, 1765. Removed to St. Mary's County. Register of 
Wills, 1770-1777. Member of the Provincial Convention of 
Maryland, 1775. Captain of the 5th Independent Company of 
Regular Troops in the War of the Revolution, 1775-1776, and 
participated in the battle of Long Island. He married Isabella 

, but left no issue. 

II. William Thomas^, of whom presently. 

III. Nicholas Thomas®, of whom presently. 

IV. Mary THOMAS^.b. about 1739, m. 22 Jan. 1759. Nicholas Goldsbor- 

ough, son of Nicholas and Sarah (Jolly-Turbutt) Goldsborough, 
from whom are descended the Goldsboroughs of "Otwell," and 
of "Boston," Talbot County. 
V. James Thomas^ of whom presently. 

WILLIAM THOMAS Jr.«, of "Anderton," Talbot County, 
second son of Hon. William* and Elizabeth (Allen) Thomas, 
born about 1735, died 1790, married 9 Feb. 1765, Rachel Leeds, 
born 1735, died 10 October 1806, third daughter of Hon. John 
Leeds and Rachel Harrison, his wife, daughter of William Harri- 
son and Elizabeth Dickinson. High sheriff, 1767-1768, 1771- 
1774. Rent Roll Keeper of the Eastern Shore, 1765-1774. 

William Thomas, Jr.,^ and Rachel (Leeds) his wife, had 
issue : 

I. Elizabeth Allen Thomas', b. 28 Jan. 1767, mar. 7 Mar. 1787, her 
second coUsin William Thomas^, eldest son of Hon. Tristram*, 
and Elizabeth (Martin) Thomas, q. v. 
II. Rachel Leeds Thomas', b. about 1769, living in 1810, d. unm. 

III. Ann Thomas', of whom presently. 

IV. Lucretia Leeds Thomas', of whom presently. 
V. Charlotte Leeds Thomas', of whom presently. 


ANN THOMAS^ third daughter of William Jr.^ and Rachel 
(Leeds) Thomas, died 8 January 1806, married 24 January 
1798, Hon. John Leigh of ''Woodbury," St. Mary's County, 
died 7 August 1832, son of George Howell and Ann (Chilton) 
Leigh. Educated at St. John's College, Annapolis. Member 
House of Delegates, 1797-1800, 1805-1806. 

Hon. John Leigh and Ann (Thomas') his wife had issue: 

I. George Singleton Leigh', of whom presently. 
II. William Thomas Leigh,* b. 10 Feb. 1801, d. 1 Sept. 1806. 

III. Ann Chilton Leigh*, b. 29 Mar. 1803, d. 1 June 1816. 

IV. Charlotte Leeds Leigh*, b. 29 Jan. 1805, d. 16 Sept. 1825, mar. 

1 Feb. 1825, Charles Llewellin Gardiner, M.D. 

GEORGE SINGLETON LEIGH«, eldest son of Hon. John 
and Ann (Thomas') Leigh, born 11 April 1799, died 15 
April 1843, married 7 April 1823, Sophia Leeds Kerr, born 29 
January 1802, died 14 March 1843, daughter of Hon. John 
Leeds and Sarah Hollyday (Chamberlaine) Kerr, of Talbot 
County. Issue : 

I. Sarah Ann Leigh', b. 17 March 1824, d. 31 Dec. 1842, unm. 
II. Sophia Kerr Leigh', of whom presently. 

III. John Leeds Leigh', b. 30 Aug. 1827, d. in. 

IV. Charlotte Leigh', of whom presently. 

V. George Howell Leigh', b. 9 Nov. 1830, d. 1866, unm. 
VI. Harriet Chamberlaine Leigh', b. 1834, d. in. 
VII. Arthur Kerr Leigh', b. 18 May 1835, d. 1865, unm. 
VIII. Henrietta Maria Leigh', b. 24 Jan. 1839, d. Jan. 1905, unm. 
IX. Laura Leigh', b. 11 July 1842, d. in. 

SOPHIA KERR LEIGH®, second daughter of George Single- 
ton^ and Sophia Leeds (Kerr) Leigh, born 7 June 1825, died 
January 1862, married 6 December 1847, Charles Clement 
Spalding, son of Edward and Mary (Floyd) Spalding. Issue: 

I. Eliza Leigh Spalding^", b. 23 Sept. 1848, d. 13 Jan. 1866. 
II. Mary SpaldinqI", b. 5 Feb. 1850, d. 28 April 1907. 

III. Henrietta Kerr Spalding^", of whom presently. 

IV. George Edward Spalding'", b. 11 Sept. 1853, d. 1869. 

V. Arthur Kerr Spalding^', b. 11 Sept. 1853, mar. Ida MuUikia, 
d. Aug. 1910, s.p. 


VI. Charlotte Leigh Spalding^", of whom presently. 
VII. Charles Clement Spalding'", b. 8 Dec. 1858, mar. 30 Nov. 1884, 
Louella Bates Davis of Dayton, Ohio. Issue: 
I. Charlotte Leigh Spalding", mar. 20 June 1909, Joseph Byrd 
Smith. Issue: 
i. Charles Spalding Smith'^^ b. 6 Aug. 1910. 
VIII. Sophia Leeds Spalding'", of whom presently. 

HENRIETTA KERR SPALDING^", third daughter of 
Charles Clement and Sophia Kerr (Leigh^) Spalding, born 2 
November 1851, married 30 March 1875, Richard Henry Hall, 
son of Richard Duckett and Susanna (Perkins) Hall. Issue: 

I. Richard Duckett Hall". 
II. Mary Spalding Hall". 

III. Henrietta Kerr Hall". 

IV. Ruth Leeds Hall". 
V. Annie Leigh Hall". 

VI. Evelyn Hall". 

CHARLOTTE LEIGH SPALDING^", fourth daughter and 
sixth child of Charles Clement and Sophia Kerr (Leigh^) Spal- 
ding, married 30 April 1884, James Howell Billingslea, son of 
James Levine and Susan (Haines) Billingslea. Issue: 

I. Charlotte Leigh Billingslea". 
II. James Howell Billingslea". 

III. Robert Kerr Billingslea". 

IV. Mary Spalding Billingslea". 
V. Charles Levine Billingslea". 

VI. Leeds Kerr Billingslea". 

SOPHIA LEEDS SPALDINGi«, fifth daughter and young- 
est child of Charles Clement and Sophia Kerr (Leigh^) Spalding, 
married 16 February 1887, John Walter Mitchell, M.D., son 
of John Walter and Cecilia Wallace (Chapman) Mitchell. 
Issue : 

I. Sophia Leeds Mitchell", b. 28 Dec. 1887, d. 8 Aug. 1889, 
II. Cecilia Wallace Mitchell", b. 18 July 1890, d. 14 Dec. 1902. 
III. John Willson Mitchell", b. 23 Sept. 1895, d. 10 Dec. 1896. 

CHARLOTTE LEIGH^ third daughter of George Single- 
ton* and Sophia Leeds (Kerr) Leigh, born 15 September 1828, 


died 4 January 1894, married June 1867, second wife, her 
brother-in-law Charles Clement Spalding. Issue: 

I. Anna Kerb Spalding'". 

LUCRETIA LEEDS THOMAS^ fourth daughter of Will- 
iam Jr.^ and Rachel (Leeds) Thomas, died 7 October 1820, 
married 18 April 1808, second wife, her brother-in-law, Hon. 
John Leigh. Issue: 

V. John Leeds LeighS, b. 14 Jan. 1809, d. 5 Aug. 1809. 
VI. Eliza Caroline Leigh*, b. 25 June 1810, d. Dec. 1874, mar. 31 
Aug. 1830, second wife, her brother-in-law, Charles Llewellin 
Gardiner, M.D., of "Brambly," St. Mary's County, died about 
1840, only son of Thomas and Mary (Llewellin) Gardiner. 
Issue : 
I. Lucretia Leigh Gardiner', d. 16 Aug. 1869, unm. 
II. Mart Sophia Gardiner', of whom presently. 
III. Charlotte Leigh Gardiner'. 

MARY SOPHIA GARDINERS second daughter of Dr. 
Charles Llewellin and Eliza Caroline (Leigh^) Gardiner, mar- 
ried 11 July 1870, second wife, Thomas Johns Davis Bowie, 
born 24 January 1834, eldest son of Thomas Johns Bowie and 
Catherine Worthington Davis, his wife. Issue: 

I. John Leeds BowieI", b. 23 Mar. 1874, mar. 26 June 1907, Iva 
Drake, dau. of William and Eleanor (Boynton) Drake, of Water- 
town, New York. 
II. LucT Leigh Bowie'". 

CHARLOTTE LEEDS THOMAS^ youngest daughter of 
William Jr.®, and Rachel (Leeds) Thomas, died 21 February 
1852, married 5 December 1799, Horatio Edmondson, died 
11 August 1810, son of Hon. Pollard Edmondson and Mary 
Dickinson, his wife, married 5 March 1738, daughter of Hon. 
James Dickinson. Issue: 

I. Charlotte Matilda Edmondson^, b. 18 Jan. 1801, d. 31 Oct. 
1871, mar. 9 May 1822, John Rousby Plater, d. 23 Feb. 1831, 
son of Hon. John Rousby and Elizabeth (Tootell) Plater. John 
Rousby Plater was the second son of Hon. George Plater, of 


"Sotterly," St. Mary's County, Governor of Maryland, 1791- 
1792, and his wife Elizabeth Rousby of "Rousby Hall," Calvert 
County. Issue: 
I. John Rousby Plater^ mar. 25 May 1852, Margaret Price, dau. 

of Joseph T. Price of Wilmington, Del. 
II. CharlotI'e Matilda Leeds Plater', mar. 7 May 1851, Edmund 
Law Rogers, d. 24 Jan. 1896, son of Lloyd Nicholas Rogers, 
and great grandson of Daniel Parke Custis and Martha Dan- 
dridge, afterwards wife of General George Washington. 
II. Horatio Leeds Edmondson*, b. 1802, d. 1864, mar. first 20 Nov. 
1828, Elizabeth Ann Lowndes, d. 22 Sept. 1839, dau. of Charles 
and Eleanor (Lloyd) Lowndes. Issue: 
I. John Edmondson', d. 20 Sept. 1839. 
II. Horace Leeds Edmondson', d. 11 June 1850. 

III. Maria Lloyd Edmondson', b. April 1837, d. 31 Oct. 1837. 

IV. Charles Lowndes Edmondson', b. about 1839, d. 13 June 1878, 

mar. Genevieve Cooke of St. Louis, Mo. 
Horatio Leeds Edmondson mar. secondly, 9 June 1846, Mrs. Maria 
Elizabeth (Groome) Dawson, d. 30 Jan. 1875, dau. of Peregrine 
and Elizabeth Groome. Issue: 
V. William Leeds Edmondson', d. aged 18. 

VI. Peregrine Groome Edmondson', d. 13 July 1849, aged 4 mos. 
VII. Alice Leigh Edmondson', b. 5 Aug. 1850, mar. first, 29 Feb. 
1876, Hon. James Black Groome, b. 1838, d. 1893. Governor 
of Maryland, 1874-1875. United States Senator, 1879-1885. 
Issue : 
i. Maria Edmondson Groomeio, \y 9 Yeh. 1877, mar. 10 Dec. 
1904, Captain Atwell Charles Baylay of the Royal Engi- 
neers, British Army, great grandson of the Duke of Athol. 
i. Alice Leigh Armynel Groome Baylay", b. 8 Oct. 1905. 
Mrs. Alice Leigh Groome mar. secondly 4 Dec. 1895, Philip 
Fendall Young of Philadelphia, Pa. 

HON. NICHOLAS THOMAS^, third son of Hon. William^ 
and Elizabeth (Allen) Thomas, born about 1737, died December 
1783, unmarried. Admitted to the bar in 1759, at a Court of 
"Ye Worshipful the Commissioners and Justices of the Peace," 
for Talbot County, of which the following gentlemen were 
members, Mr. Risdon Bozman, Mr. Matthew Tilghman, Mr. 
John Goldsborough, Mr. William Thomas, Mr. Robert Golds- 
borough, Quorum, Mr. Tristram Thomas, Mr. Edward Old- 
ham, Mr. James Lloyd, Mr. James Dickinson and Mr. Jacob 


Hindman. Member of the Lower House of Assembly, 1768- 
1776. Member of the Provincial Conventions of Maryland, 
1774, 1775, 1776. One of the Signers of the Association of 
Freeman of Maryland, 26 July 1775. Member of the Com- 
mittee of Observation of Talbot County, 1775, and Chairman 
of same March 1776. Quartermaster Fourth Battalion of 
Talbot County Militia, 3 January 1776. Member of the Coun- 
cil of Safety, 17 September 1776 to 22 March 1777, when the 
State Government was organized. Member of House of Dele- 
gates from Talbot County, under the State Government, 1777- 
1778, and twice elected Speaker of the House. One of the 
Associate Judges of the General Court of Maryland, from March 
1778 to December 1783, with Hon. William Paca, Chief Judge, 
and Hon. Alexander Contee Hanson, Associate Judge. A man 
of the highest character and reputation.* 

HON. JAMES THOMAS^ planter, youngest son of Hon. 
William^ and Elizabeth (Allen) Thomas, born at "Anderton," 
Talbot County, about 1747, died 27 September 1810, married 
about 1777, Hannah Coward, daughter of John Coward of 
Talbot County. Justice of Talbot County, 1782-1790. Mem- 
ber Vestry St. Peter's Parish, 1781-1789. Removed to Annap- 
olis, Md., 1791. Member Governor's Council, 1796-1800. 

James Thomas^ and Hannah (Coward) his wife, had issue: 

I. William Thomas^, M.D., born in 1778. Educated at St. John's 
College, Annapolis. Studied medicine in Philadelphia, Pa., 
and under his cousin Dr. Tristram Thomas of Easton, Md., 
where he commenced the practice of medicine in 1799, but re- 
moved the following year to Leonardtown, St. Mary's County, 
where he resumed the practice of his profession and died there 
in 1835. He married Rachel Briscoe, but left no issue. 
II. John Thomas^ b. in 1780. Educated at St. John's College, 
Annapolis. Removed to Baltimore City and engaged in mer- 
cantile pursuits. He died after 1827, unmarried. 
III. Elizabeth Thomas^ b. about 1781, d. before 1808, mar. 21 Feb. 
1802. Thomas Williams, Jr., of Alexandria, Va. Issue: 
I. Elizabeth Williams^, living in 1810. 

* See memoir of his life and services by Richard Henry Spencer, in 
the Maryland Historical Magazine, vol. vi, June 1911. 


IV. Maria Thomas^, of whom presently. 

V. Allen Thomas^, of whom presently. 

VI. LucRETiA Thomas', b. about 1787, d. 28 April 1813, mar. 2 June 

1812, second wife, Edward Martin, son of Hon. Nicholas and 
Hannah (Oldham) Martin of "Wilderness," Talbot County. 
I. Lucretia Thomas MARTIN^ b. 1813, d. 2 May 1843, mar. 31 
May 1842, Samuel Philemon Dickinson, M.D., d. s. p. 
VII. Nicholas Thomas', of whom presently. 

MARIA THOMAS^ second daughter of Hon. James« and 
Hannah (Coward) Thomas, born about 1783, married 2 October 
1801, Thomas H. Goldsborough of "Old Town," died 26 August 
1849, son of Thomas and Catherine (Fauntleroy) Goldsbor- 
ough, of Caroline County. (Thomas Goldsborough was a law- 
yer, a member of the Provincial Convention of Maryland, 
1774, and member House of Delegates, 1786-1787.) Issue: 

I. Thomas Goldsborough*, d. unm. 
II. Maria Thomas GoLDSBOROtJGH*, of whom presently. 

III. Griffin Washington Goldsborough^, of whom presently. 

IV. Allen Moore Goldsborough*, b. about 1822. Studied law. 

Admitted to the bar of Talbot County, 1845, d. unm. 

1807, died 7 July 1877, married 11 January 1831, Colonel 
Samuel Dickinson of "Crosiadore," born 12 October 1807, died 
30 June 1871, son of Samuel Sharp Dickinson, M.D., and Mrs. 
Mary (Trippe) Webb, who died 5 June 1831. Issue: 

I. Samuel Thomas Dickinson', b. 22 Feb. 1833, d. 17 Oct. 1896. 

II. Marianna Moore Dickinsons b. 26 Dec. 1834, mar. her cousin 
William Dall Thomas*, q. v. 

III. Van Rensselaer Dickinson', b. 19 Sept. 1837, d. 5 Aug. 1911, 

mar. Williamina Steele, dau. of James B. and Sarah Yerbury 
(Goldsborough) Steele, s. p. 

IV. William Elvino Dickinson', b. 21 Oct. 1840, d. 17 Nov. 1869, 

V. John Dickinson', b. 1 May 1842, d. 9 Dec. 1874, unm. 

VI. Ellen Willard Dickinson', b. 12 Sept. 1844, d. 20 Sept. 1894, 


VII. James Overton Dickinson', b. 12 Oct. 1848. 


ond son of Thomas H. and Maria (Thomas') Goldsborough, 
born 20 November 1816, died 14 June 1902, married first 12 
August 1841, Anna Reynolds, daughter of Rev. John Reynolds 
of Stoke Newington, England. Issue: 

I. Ada Goldsborough', d. y. 
II. Anna Maria Goldsborough', second dau. and the twin sister 
of Washington Elwell Goldsborough', b. 4 Feb. 1844, mar. 4 Feb. 
1864, William Massey, d. 31 Dec. 1906, son of William Boone 
and Elizabeth (Boone) Massey, s. p. 
III. Washington Elwell Goldsborough', b. 4 Feb. 1844, d. 29 May 
1912, mar. 7 Jan. 1869, Martha Pearce Laird, b. 28 May 1845, 
dau. of William Winder Laird, b. 1 Dec. 1808, and Williamina 
Elizabeth Cadwalader Goldsborough, his wife, b. 31 March 1813, 
dau. of Hon. Charles Goldsborough, Governor of Maryland, 
1818-1819. Issue: 
I. Washington Laird Goldsborough", U. S. A., b. 30 Oct. 1869, 
mar. 5 Oct. 1903, Katherine Egbert, dau. of General Henry 
Clay Egbert, U. S. A. and Ellen Mc Williams Young, his wife. 
II. Winder Elwell GoldsboroughI", ^ jq Oct. 1871, mar. 20 
Dec. 1899, Charlotte B. Wallace, dau. of Hon. DeWitt and 
Annie (Shields) Wallace of Lafayette, Ind. Issue: 
i. Laird Shields Goldsborough", b. 6 March 1902. 
HI. William Winder Goldsborough^', b. 4 May 1875. 
IV. Thomas Alan Goldsborough*', b. 16 Sept. 1877, mar. 17 June 
1909, Laura Collins Hall, dau. of General George Hall and 
Delia Hazzard, his wife, of Milford, Del. Issue: 
i. Martha Winder Goldsborough", b. 3 April 1910. 
ii. Thomas Alan Goldsborough", b. 18 April 1912. 
V. Martha Laird Goldsborough*', b. 31 July 1885, mar. 14 Oct. 
1909, Charles Blomefield Goldsborough, son of Charles Blome- 
field Goldsborough, M.D., andEleonora (Goldsborough) Golds- 
borough, the granddaughter of Charles and Sarah (Keene) 
Goldsborough of "Pleasant Valley" Talbot County. Issue: 
i. Martha Laird Goldsborough", b. 10 April 1911. 

Dr. Grifiin Washington Goldsborough,* married secondly 5 
October 1851, Angelina Hardcastle, youngest daughter of Will- 
iam M. Hardcastle of "Castle Hall," Caroline County, Md., s. p. 

ALLEN THOMAS^ M.D., third son of Hon. James« and 
Hannah (Coward) Thomas, born in Talbot County, December 

Dr. Allex Thomas 


1785, died 20 April 1855, married 26 November 1816, Eliza 
Bradford Dall, born 5 December 1795, died 28 February 1841, 
twin daughter of James Dall and Sarah Brooke HoUiday, his 
wife, who was the daughter of John Robert Holliday of "Ep- 
som," Baltimore County, and Eleanor Addison Smith, his wife, 
and grand daughter of Dr. Robert Holliday and Achsah Ridgely, 
his wife. John Robert Holliday was the older half brother of 
Hon. Charles Ridgely, Governor of Maryland. 

Dr. Thomas was educated at St. John's College, Annapolis. 
Studied medicine and settled in Anne Arundel County, near 
Ellicott City, prior to 1812, in which year he was elected Cap- 
tain in the 3rd Cavalry Regiment and participated in the battle 
of Bladensburg, 24 August 1814. He practiced his profession 
in that part of Anne Arundel county now known as Howard 
County, residing at "Dalton," until his death. As early as 
1813, he was the friend and physician of Hon. Charles Carroll 
of CarroUton, and on 2 September 1825, one of the witnesses to 
his last will, with Hon. Roger Brooke Taney, Gov. George How- 
ard and George Cooke, his brother-in-law. Dr. Thomas was 
a member of the House of Delegates, 1843-1844. 

A letter written at the time describing the wedding, 1 
March 1814, of Mr. William A. Ridgely and Miss Elizabeth 
Genevieve Dumeste, both of Baltimore County, states that Dr. 
Allen Thomas, the best man, was "the handsomest man in 
Maryland." Among the bridesmaids mentioned were two of 
the Misses Caton, granddaughters of Hon. Charles Carroll of 
CarroUton, both of whom afterwards married into the English 
nobility, and Miss Maria Johnston, a celebrated Baltimore 
beauty. Among the groomsmen was Mr. David M. Ferine. 
Dr. Thomas named one of his daughters Mary Anne, after- 
wards Mrs. Francis Markoe Hazlehurst, born in October 1825, 
after Mrs. Mary Anne (Caton) Patterson, the eldest of the four 
Caton sisters, who had just married the second time, and was 
well known afterwards as the Marchioness of Wellesley, one 
of the most beautiful women of her day. Dr. Thomas greatly 
admired her, and they corresponded with each other until her 
death, 17 December 1853. 


Dr. Allen Thomas^ and Eliza Bradford (Dall) his wife, had 
issue : 

I. Eleanor Dall Thomas*, b. 28 Jan. 1818, mar. 25 June 1844, first 
wife, Henry R. Hazlehurst, b. 2 March 1815, d. Feb. 1900, son 
of Richard Hazlehurst of Philadelphia. Issue: 
I. Ellen Thomas Hazlehurst', b. 26 Jan. 1848, mar. 5 Dec. 1871, 
Thomas M. Healey, M.D., d. 13 Aug. 1892, son of Thomas A. 
Healey, M.D. of Cumberland, Md. Issue: 
i. Eleanor Hope Healey'". 
II. Sarah Ann Thomas*, b. 12 Dec. 1819, d. y. 

III. James Dall Thomas', of whom presently. 

IV. John Robert Dall Thomas*, of whom presently. 

V. Mary Anne Thomas*, b. 11 Oct. 1825, d. 6 March 1910, mar. 
Oct. 1855, Francis Markoe Hazlehurst, son of Isaac and Eliza- 
beth Baynton (Markoe) Hazlehurst of Philadelphia, d.s.p. 
VI. Allen Thomas*, of whom presently. 
VII. William Dall Thomas*, of whom presently. 
VIII. Eliza Dall Thomas*, b. 1837, d. 15 Jan. 1892, mar. Oct. 1856, 
Peter Porcher, son of Peter Porcher, M.D., of Charleston, S. C, 
s. p. 

JAMES DALL THOMASS eldest son of Dr. Allen' and 
Eliza Bradford (Dall) Thomas, born 1821, died 17 December 
1849, married 25 April 1847, Margaret McKim, born 20 June 
1828, died 30 May 1859, daughter of David Telfair and Mary 
(Hawkins) McKim. Issue: 

I. Elizabeth Thomas', b. 24 Feb. 1850, mar. 1 April 1871, Stevenson 
White, b. 28 April 1846, son of Charles Ridgely and Rebecca 
(Waters) White. Charles Ridgely White was the son of Steven- 
son White and Priscilla Dorsey Ridgely, daughter of Hon. 
Charles Ridgely of "Hampton," Governor of Maryland, 1815- 
1818. Issue: 
I. Charles Ridgely WhiteI", b. 13 Jan. 1872, d. 6 March 1903, 
mar. 24 Oct. 1899, Jane Margaret Cary, dau. of John B. and 
Frances (Daniel) Cary. Issue: 
i. John McKim White," b. 23 July 1900. 
ii. Elizabeth Thomas White," b. 30 April 1902. 

JOHN ROBERT DALL THOMASS second son of Dr. Allen^ 
and Eliza Bradford (Dall) Thomas, born 1823, died 18 March 
1889, married in 1847, Eleanor Holmes daughter of Richard 



Eliza Bradford (Dall) Thomas 


Holmes and Rebecca Emily Warfield, his wife, who died 18 
April 1889. Issue: 

I. Holmes Thomas', b. 2 Feb. 1849, d. 8 April 1911, mar. 7 Sept. 
1878, Eda Bringier, dau. of Marius Ste. Colombe Bringier and 
Marie Elizabeth Augustine Tureaud, his wife. Issue: 
I. George Warfield Holmes Thomas'", b. 8 Sept. 1879, mar. 
21 April 1912, Ann Carson Ferine, dau. of Elias Glenn and 
Eliza Ridgely Beall (Washington) Ferine. 
n. James Bringier Thomas'", b. 3 Jan. 1881, mar. 23 June 1909, 
Margaret Williams Cromwell, dau. of Sedwick T. Cromwell 
and Cecilia Warfield, his wife. Issue: 
i. Sedwick Cromwell Holmes Thomas," b. 15 Aug. 1910. 

III. Albert Louis Thomas", b. 17 Nov. 1887, mar. 27 Oct. 1909, 

Minna Muller, dau. of Charles Muller. Issue: 
i. Eda Bringier Thomas", b. 25 Jan. 1910. 

IV. Marie Louise Thomas'", b. 28 Oct. 1889, mar. 5 May 1910, 

Nicholson Gist Lamdin. Issue: 
i. Eleanor Thomas Lamdin", b. 20 Sept. 1912. 
V. John Arthur Wade Thomas'", b. 14 Aug. 1891. 
VI. Samuel Le Roy Thomas'", b. 23 Aug. 1893. 
II. Rebecca Emily Thomas', b. 1853, mar. 28 Nov. 1871, Albert 
Fancoast, son of Joseph Pancoast, M.D., and Rebecca Abbott, 
his wife. Issue: 
I. Eleanor Holmes Fancoast'", b. 28 April 1873, mar. first, 28 
April 1891, William Heberton. She mar. secondly 27 March 
1893, Joseph E. Widener, son of Feter A. B. Widener and 
Josephine Hannah Dunton, his wife. Issue: 
i. Feter A. B. Widener, 2d," b. 25 June 1895. 
ii. Josephine Fancoast Widener", b. 22 Aug. 1902. 
II. Florence Howard Fancoast'", b. 19 Aug. 1875, mar. 18 April 
1901, Benjamin B. Reath, M.D., son of Benjamin B. Reath, 
and Emma Wood, his wife. Issue: 
i. Alberta Fancoast Reath", b. 2 Feb. 1903. 
ii. Joseph Pancoast Reath", b. 6 July 1905. 

GENERAL ALLEN THOMAS^, third son of Dr. Allen' and 
Eliza Bradford (Dall) Thomas, born at "Dalton" Howard 
County, Md., 14 Dec. 1830. Graduated at Princeton College, 
1850. Admitted to the bar 1854. Removed to New Orleans, 
La. Married 8 January 1857, Octavie Anne Marie Bringier, 
born 1 Jan. 1839, daughter of Michel Doradou Bringier of "The 
Hermitage," Ascension Parish, La, and Agla6 Du Bourg de Ste. 


Colombe, his wife. Removed to "New Dalton," St. Laundry- 
Parish, La. At the commencement of the Civil War, he en- 
tered the Confederate Army, assisting in organizing troops in 
Western Louisiana, and was soon made Major of a Battalion, 
which being merged into the 28th Louisiana Regiment, he 
became its Colonel, 3 May 1862, and served in the defence of 
Vicksburg. He took a conspicuous part in the fighting that 
led to the checking of General Sherman in the battle of Chick- 
ashaw Bluff in December 1862, in the latter part of the siege 
commanding a Brigade. On the surrender of Vicksburg he was 
selected to bear dispatches to President Davis. On 4 Feb. 1864 
he was promoted to Brigadier General for gallant and meritor- 
ious services. When Major General (Count) Polignac went to 
Europe, he succeeded him in the command of his Division, and 
was stationed in the Trans-Mississippi Department, with head- 
quarters at Alexandria, La., until the close of the war. Ap- 
pointed U. S. Consul at La Guayra, Venezuela, 23 January 
1894. Appointed by President Cleveland Envoy Extraordi- 
nary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Venezuela, South Amer- 
ica, 13 June 1895. He died 3 December 1907. 

General Allen Thomas^ and Octavie Anne Marie (Bringier), 
his wife, had issue: 

I. Allen Thomas*, b. 17 Oct. 1858, mar. at St. Cloud, Fla., 15 July 
1891, Marie, dau. of George Sauv6 and Eugenie Tureaud, his 
wife. Issue: 
I. Allen Thomas'", b. 13 June 1892. 
II. James Thomas'", b. 3 Dec. 1893. 
II. JuLiEN Bringier Trist Thomas', b. 7 April 1866, mar. in Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. 1898, Mary Agnes Saal. Issue: 
I. Anna Octavie ThomasI", b. 16 Feb. 1900. 
II. Marion Agarba Thomas'", b. 1 Dec. 1904. 
HI. Eleanor Cecilia Thomas'", b. Nov. 1906. 
IV. Allen Bringier Thomas'", b. 1909. 

III. John Ridgely Thomas', b. 24 Sept. 1871. 

IV. Dall Thomas', b. 17 Aug. 1875, mar. 20 Dec. 1899, Elma Bergeron 

of New Orleans, La., d. 12 Jan 1909. Issue: 
I. Dall Lallande Thomas'", b. 28 Oct. 1900. 

WILLIAM DALL THOMAS«, youngest son of Dr. Allen^ 
and Eliza Bradford (Dall) Thomas, born 14 January 1832, 

General Allen Thomas, C.S.A. 


died 11 March 1910, married 15 April 1856, Marianna Moore 
Dickinson,^ daughter of Colonel Samuel and Maria Thomas 
(Goldsborough^) Dickinson of "Crosiadore," Talbot County. 
Issue : 

I. Allen Thomas', b. 26 Jan. 1857, mar. 2 Sept. 1885, Josephine Staf- 
ford, dau. of Emanuel W. and Mary Anne (Breedlove) Stafford. 

I. Anna Dickinson ThomasI", b. 30, June 1886, mar. 20 Nov. 1910, 

Albert Deane Currier, son of Johnathan T. and Martha Cur- 
rier. Issue: 
i. Marianna Thomas Currier", b. 14 July 1912. 

II. Samuel Dickinson Thomas', b. 16 May 1859, mar. 16 Dec. 1896, 

Sarah Gaither Huyett, dau. of Daniel Gait her and Emma 
(Merrick) Huyett. Issue: 
I. Ellen Dickinson Thomas^', b. 8 June 1898. 

II. Sarah Huyett Thomas^", b. 21 Nov. 1900. 

III. Samuel Dickinson Thomas^", b. 5 June 1903, d. 24 Sept. 1903. 

III. Madie Thomas', b. 18 Dec. 1871, mar. 17 April 1895, Edward 

Waters Hughlett, son of William and Roberta (Waters) Hugh- 
lett. of Talbot County. 

COLONEL NICHOLAS THOMAS^ of "Anderton," Talbot 
County, fourth and youngest son of Hon. James^ and Hannah 
(Coward) Thomas, born 1788, died 22 March 1838, married 
8 January 1822, Jane Goldsborough, died 15 May 1856, daugh- 
ter of James Goldsborough of "Boston," Talbot County, and 
Ann Martin, daughter of Thomas Martin and Mary Ennalls, 
his wife. James Goldsborough was the son of Nicholas and 
Mary (Thomas^) Goldsborough. Colonel Thomas was educated 
at St. John's College, AnnapoUs. Issue: 

I. James Goldsborough Thomas*, b. about 1823, d. 2 Oct. 1855, 

mar. Mary Pitt of Cambridge, Md. 
II. William Thomas*, b. about 1828, mar. Alice Jones of Somerset 
County, b. 1831, d. 12 Jan. 1873. Issue: 
I. Allen Thomas,' d. aged 21. 
III. Ann Thomas*, d. 1909, mar. 1 June 1853, Lewis Ross, Jr. Issue: 
I. Clinton Ross*. 

HON. TRISTRAM THOMAS^, of "Roadley," Talbot 
County, youngest son of William" and Jean (Riddell) Thomas, 
born 23 January 1709, died 17 July 1769, married first 8 De- 


cember 1736, Mary Skinner, daughter of Andrew and Elizabeth 
(Feddeman) Skinner, no issue. Tristram Thomas, like his brother 
William Thomas, was a man of the highest character and public 
spirit. He was first Lieutenant of a Troop of Horse, 1748- 
1752, and one of "Ye Worshipful Commissioners and Justices 
of the Peace" for Talbot County, 1749-1767. It was during 
his term of office as one of the Justices, that the following pro- 
ceedings took place. 

"At a County Court of the Right Honourable Frederick Lord & 
"Prop'ry of the Province of Maryland & Avalon. Lord Baron of Balti- 
"more, held for Talbot County, at the Court House in the same 
"County, the 1st Tuesday in November Anno Dom. Seventeen Hun- 
"dred and Sixty-five, before the same Lord Prop'ry his justices of the 
"Peace for the County af'd., of whom were present 

"Major Risdon Bozman, 
"Mr. Jno Goldsborough, 
"Mr. Robt Goldsborough, 
The Worshipful \ "Mr. William Thomas, 

"Mr. Jonathan Nicols, 
"Mr. Tristram Thomas & 
''Mr. Jacob Hindman. 

"John Bozman — Sheriff," 
"John Leeds— Clerk." 
"The Justices aforesaid taking into consideration An Act of Parlia- 
"ment lately made, entitled An Act for granting and applying certain 
"Stamp duties, and other duties in the British Colonies and plantations 
"in America, towards further defraying the expences of defending, 
"protecting and securing (?) the same and for amending such parts of 
"the several acts of Parliament relating to the trade and revenues of 
"the s'd colonies and plantations, as direct the manner of determining 
"and recovering' the penalties and forfeitures therein mentioned, and 
"finding it impossible at this time to comply with the said Act, ad- 
"journed their court until the 1st Tuesday in March, seventeen hun- 
"dred, and sixty-six. 

"At which s'd first Tuesday in March, seventeen hundred, and sixty- 
"six, the Justices above mentioned (having since the adjournment of 
"the former court taken into consideration the mischevous consequences 
"that might arise from proceeding to do business in the manner pre- 
" scribed by the above mentioned Act of Parliament, and as it would 
"be highly penal to do anything contrary to the directions of the Act) 
"would not open nor hold any Court." 


(Proceedings of the Court, in a book of Civil Judgments, 1765-1768, 
in the Clerk's office of Talbot County.) 

Between the time of the adjournment of the Court in Novem- 
ber, 1765, and its meeting again in March, 1766, public senti- 
ment in the county and province had been clearly and emphati- 
cally expressed in opposition to the Stamp Act. The Court 
found itself between two fires — popular indignation and legal 
penalties. It therefore very wisely adjourned. 

Tristram Thomas and his brother William Thomas, were each 
for more than twenty years, 1740-1766, members of the Vestry 
of St. Peter's Parish, Talbot County, worshipping at old White 
Marsh Church, six miles from Oxford, now a deserted House 
of God, mouldering into decay, shaded by magnificent oaks 
gnarled and knotted from age, vines climbing about its totter- 
ing walls and stretching their tendrils upon the dilapidated 

"The ivy now with rude luxuriance creeps 
Its tangled foliage through the open space 

Of frameless windows, or the wall o'erpeeps, 
And clasps a moulding in a long embrace." 

and all around, hiding the grassy mounds and crumbling memo- 
rials of those who "sleep the sleep that knows not breaking, 
morn of toil, nor night of waking," there is a wilderness of 
briars and weeds and shade. 

It was in this old historic Church, for two centuries and 
more, that the youth and beauty of the neighborhood were 
wont to assemble for Divine Worship, and now the voice of 
man comes but at long intervals to break the solitude, the 
gloom and utter silence which hovers around the old Colonial 

Tristram Thomas^ married secondly in January 1765, Eliza- 
beth Martin (born in 1737, died 28 December 1810), eldest 
daughter of Thomas Martin, (born in 1704, died in 1769), and 
Elizabeth Goldsborough, his wife, (born in 1704, died 12 July 
1765), youngest daughter of Nicholas Goldsborough, 2nd, (son 
of Nicholas and Margaret (Howes) Goldsborough, born in 


England about 1662, died in 1705), and Elizabeth Sargeant, 
his second wife, (died in December 1708), daughter of John 
(died in 1698,) and Mary Sargeant (died in 1711), of Queen 
Anne's County. (Baldwin's "Wills, vols, ii and iii.) 

Tristram Thomas^ and Elizabeth (Martin) his wife, had issue: 
William^ Elizabeth^ and Tristram Thomas^ 

HON. WILLIAM THOMAS^, eldest son of Hon. Tristram* 
and Elizabeth (Martin) Thomas, born at "Roadley," 27 No- 
vember 1765, died 31 March 1821, married 7 March 1787, his 
second cousin Elizabeth Allen Thomas', eldest daughter of 
William^ and Rachel (Leeds) Thomas. He was one of the 
Judges of the Orphan's Court of Talbot County, 1802-1806, 
1812-1818, and 1820-1821. Sheriff, 1818-1819. 

William Thomas^ and Elizabeth Allen (Thomas') his wife, 
had issue: 

I. Tristram Thomas^ b. 22 March 1788, d. 10 Feb. 1807. 
II. Rachel THOMAS^ b. 12 April 1790, d. 20 Aug. 1819, unm. 

III. Eliza Jane THOMAS^ b. 14 May 1792, d. 19 Nov. 1807. 

IV. John Leeds Thomas^ b. 12 Feb. 1795, Entered the United States 

Navy as Midshipman, 1 Jan. 1818. Lieutenant 3 March 1827. 
Lost at sea, with all on board, on the ill-fated Sloop of War 
Hornet, off Tampico, 10 Sept. 1829. Married 28 Aug. 1828, 
Frances Pattison, eldest daughter of Henry Pattison of Cam- 
bridge, Md. Issue: 
I. John Leeds Thomas, Jr.* b. in 1829, d. 11 Dec. 1872. 
V. William Thomas, Jr.', b. 7 Aug. 1797, d. in South America, unm. 
VI. Edward Theodore Leeds Thomas', b. Oct. 1799, d. 22 Sept. 

VII. James Allen Thomas', b. 28 May 1802, d. 9 Jan. 1826, unm. 
VIII. Ann Thomas', b. 20 Dec. 1804, d. unm. 
IX. LtJCRETiA Thomas', b. 31 May 1807, d. unm. 

ELIZABETH THOMAS^ only daughter of Hon. Tristram' 
and Elizabeth (Martin) Thomas, born at "Roadley," 2 October 
1767, died 18 May 1816, married 1 March 1801, her third 
cousin, Henry Martin of "Walnut Grove," Talbot County, 
son of Philip Martin and Phoebe Bowdle, his wife, (born 18 
August 1721), daughter of Henry Bowdle, gent, and Mary 
Goldsborough, his wife, married eldest daughter of Nicholas 


Goldsborough 2nd, and Elizabeth Sargeant, his second wife, 
before mentioned. 

Henry Martin and Elizabeth (Thomas^) his wife, had issue: 

I. Tristram Thomas Martin', b. 23 Nov. 1801, d. 4 July 1821, unm. 
II. Eliza Jane Martin', of whom presently. 
III. Anna Matilda Martin', of whom presently. 

ELIZA JANE MARTIN^ eldest daughter of Henry and 
Elizabeth (Thomas") Martin, born 8 April 1804, died 9 Feb- 
ruary 1859, married 10 November 1825, John Stevens Martin, 
son of Joseph and Juliana (Stevens^ Martin of "Hampden," 
Talbot County. Issue: 

I. Joseph Henry Martin*, b. 11 March 1827, d. 1891, unm. 
II. Sarah Elizabeth Martin*, b. June 1829, d. 10 June 1899, mar. 
21 March 1861, Allen T. Wimbish of Louisiana, s. p. 

III. Richard Tristram Martin', of whom presently. 

IV. John Nicholas Stevens Martin*, b. d. Sept 1895, 

V. Charles Tristram Martin*, died young. 

RICHARD TRISTRAM MARTIN«, second son of John 
Stevens and Eliza Jane (Martin^) Martin, born 14 December 
1836, married 10 November 1863, Mary Ellen Holmead, died 
12 March 1901, daughter of John B. and Jane (Pairo) Holmead. 
Issue : 

I. Samuel Dorset Martin*, b. 28 July 1864, d. 24 Sept. 1867. 
II. Clara Holmead Martin^, b. 16 July 1868, mar. 10 June 1902, 
C. McLean Bingley, son of Rev. Charles V. Bingley. Issue: 
I. Ellen Holmead Bingley^", b. 26 June 1903. 
II. William McLean Bingley'", b. 31 Jan. 1907. 

III. Henry Stevens MartinS b. 8 Dec. 1869, d. 19 July 1870. 

IV. Richard Herbert Martin*, b. 20 April 1871, mar. 29 June 1910, 

Ann Elizabeth Hambleton, dau. of James P. and Anna (Jones) 
Hambleton of Talbot County. 
V. Allen Stevens Martin*, b. 24 Nov. 1872, d. 5 June 1904, unm. 
VI. Mary Isabel Martin*, b. 5 Feb. 1875, mar. 10 June 1896, John 
Hunt Sifford, son of John E. Sifford. Issue: 
I. John Hunt Sifford, Jr.i", b. 22 March 1897. 
II. Richard Holmead Sifford^", b. 29 May 1900. 
III. Herbert Martin Sifford", b. 16 April 1906. 


ANNA MATILDA MARTIN^ youngest daughter of Henry 
and Elizabeth (Thomas^) Martin, born at "Walnut Grove," 
10 May 1807, died 2 April 1892, married 30 April 1829, Henry 
Spencer, third son of Richard and Eleanor (Hopkins) Spencer 
of ''Beverly," grandson of Robert and Mary (Sherwood) Spen- 
cer of "Spencer Hall," Talbot County, and great grandson of 
James Spencer, Jr., of "Spencer Hall," (1693), whose grand- 
father Robert Spencer came from Cople, Bedfordshire, England, 
and was a member of the same house as the noble family of 
that name of Althorp, Northamptonshire. Issue: 

I. Elizabeth Ellen Spencer*, b. 10 Jan. 1830, d. 9 Oct. 1841. 
II. Ann Eliza Spencer', of whom presently. 
III. Richard Henry Spencer*, of whom presently. 

ANN ELIZA SPENCERS, second daughter of Henry and 
Anna Matilda (Martin') Spencer, born at "Solitude," Talbot 
County, 10 June 1831, died 18 October 1901, married 7 Febru- 
ary 1850, Alexander Matthews, M.D., died 5 October 1891, son 
of Henry C. and Lucinda Stoddert (Haw) Matthews, of George- 
town, D. C. Issue: 

I. Henry Spencer Matthews', b. 15 Sept. 1859, d. 3 March 1913, 
mar. 11 Dec. 1883, Susannah Spencer Harrison, dau. of Edward 
Spencer and Jane (Stiles) Harrison. Issue: 
I. Emory Harrison Matthews^", b. 24 Oct. 1884. 
II. Eleanor Spencer Matthews'", b. 27 Dec. 1891. 
II. Albert Haw Matthews,'" d. in. 

RICHARD HENRY SPENCER*, only son of Henry and 
Anna Matilda (Martin^) Spencer, born at "Mitcham Hall," 
Talbot County, 26 November 1833, married 24 November 1880, 
Alice Herbert Whiting, third daughter of George William Carlyle 
Whiting, (son of Carlyle Fairfax Whiting), and his wife Mary 
Anne De Butts Dulany, of Loudoun County, Va. Educated at 
St. James' College, Md. and Harvard University. Studied and 
practiced law in St. Louis, Mo. and New York City, 1859-1904. 

TRISTRAM THOMAS«, M.D., youngest son of Hon. Tris- 
tram' and Elizabeth (Martin) Thomas, born at "Roadley," 
Talbot County, 25 December 1769, a few months after the 

Anx Eliza (Spencer) Matthews 


death of his father. Educated at Wilmington, Del. Studied 
medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, under the instruc- 
tions of Dr. Benjamin Rush and Dr. William Shippen, then 
at the heighth of their great usefulness. Practiced his profes- 
sion at Easton, Talbot County, where he was "a burning ex- 
ample in the profession of which he was a distinguished orna- 
ment for more than half a century." One of the incorporators 
of the Maryland Medical and Chirurgical Society of Maryland, 
1798-1799, and still in existence. He died 5 August 1847. He 
was noted for his tenderness, his sympathy, his benevolence 
and his charming manners, the very model of a polished gen- 
tleman, and of the most honorable character. To the poor he 
was an unselfish benefactor, giving to them the same attention 
that he bestowed upon all others. The singular goodness of 
his character, and his love for his fellowman, is vividly por- 
trayed in Leigh Hunt's poem, Abou Ben Adhem, in which the 
whole law and gospel is summed up in that brilliant gem. 

Dr. Tristram Thomas,^ married first, 30 December 1792, 
Susan Geddis of Wilmington, Del. Issue: 

I. William Henry THOMAS^ M.D., b. 25 Sept. 1795, d. 11 Sept. 
1851, mar. Ann Emory, b. 1806, d. 1 Aug. 1845, dau. of General 
Thomas Emory and Anna Maria Hemsley, his wife, of Queen 
Anne's County, s. p. 
II. Susan Matilda Thomas^ b. 1797, d. 30 Sept. 1831, unm. 
III. Elizabeth Martin Thomas^ b. about 1800, d. 17 Oct. 1836, mar. 
8. June 1826, fourth wife, Edward Martin, (b. 1777, d. 31 Oct. 
1848.) son of Hon. Nicholas Martin and Ann Oldham, dau. of 
Edward and Ann (Goldsborough) Oldham. Issue: 
I. Nicholas Martin, Jr.*, of whom presently. 
II. Thomas C. Martin*, b. 1830, d. 19 Feb. 1837. 
III. Susan Geddis Martin*, of whom presently. 

NICHOLAS MARTIN, Jr.s, eldest son of Edward and 
Elizabeth Martin (Thomas^) Martin, born 21 April 1829, died 
13 October 1858, married 5 June 1849, Eudora Roland Alden 
(born 9 June 1831, died 21 November 1864), daughter of Francis 
L. Alden of New Bedford, Mass., and a lineal descendant of 
John Alden of Miles Standish fame. Nicholas Martin, Jr.^ 
and Eudora Roland (Alden) his wife, had issue: 


I. EuDORA Martin', b. 12 March 1850, mar. 24 Nov. 1874, Edward 
W. Wadsworth, son of William Wadsworth. 

II. Ellen Francis Martin^, b. 3 April 1852, d. 4 Dec. 1854. 

III. Francis Edward Martin*, b. 31 May 1854, d. 28 Oct. 1859. 

IV. Eliza Thomas Martin', b. 13 April 1856, d. 1 May 1905, mar. 

28 Oct. 1878, Hon. William Brown of Illinois, son of Elisha 
Warfield and Mary (Brent) Brown. Issue: 
I. Robert Brent BrownI", b. 14 Sept. 1879, d. 5 June 1880. 
11. Alden Brownio, b. 8 Aug. 1883, mar. 28 Jan. 1911, Bertha 
Eleanor Dick, dau. of Ernest and Ann (Hartman) Dick. 
i. Betty Ann Brown", b. 23 June 1912. 
III. Margaret Martin Browne", b. 13 Dec. 1891. 
V. Laura Alden Martin', b. 3 Dec. 1858, d. 7 Feb. 1903, mar. May 
1874, Rev. Earl Cranston, D.D. Bishop of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, son of Earl and Jane (Montgomery) Cranston. 

I. ExjDORA Alden Cranston*", b. 4 Nov. 1877, d. June 1878. 

II. Ethel Cranston^", b. 1 Aug. 1879, mar. 25 March 1905, George 

Lane Taneyhill, Jr., M.D., son of George Lane Taneyhill, Sr. 
M.D., and Caroline Augusta McAllister, his wife. Issue: 
i. Jean Cranston Taneyhill^S b. 28 March 1907. 

III. Laura Alden Cranston*", b. 3 May 1881, mar. 8 Oct. 1902. 

Frank Manley Warren, Jr., son of Frank Manley and Anna 
Grace (Ackerman) Warren. Issue: 
i. Anna Elizabeth Warren", b. 3 Aug. 1905. 

IV. Ruth Cranston*", b. 14 Nov. 1887, mar. July 1911 William 

Bleecker Newlin. 

SUSAN GEDDIS MARTIN*, only daughter of Edward and 
Elizabeth Martin (Thomas') Martin, born 1833, died 9 October 
1861, married 4 January 1853, William Greenberry Goldsbor- 
ough Willson, Surgeon U. S. Navy, son of James and Elizabeth 
(Goldsborough) Willson, who died 4 February 1860. Issue: 

I. Francis Thomas Willson,' b. 1854, d. 5 Sept. 1854. 
II. William Greenberry Goldsborough Willson, Jr.', Assistant 
Surgeon U. S. Navy, b. 1856, d. 1889, unm. 

III. Addison Bayne Martin Willson*, b. 20 Dec. 1859, mar. 17 

April 1895, Alice Elizabeth Adams, daughter of Rt. Rev. William 
Forbes Adams, D.D., P. E. Bishop of Easton. Issue: 
I. William Addison Willson*", b. 9 March 1896. 

II. John Adams Willson*", b. 17 June 1898. 

III. Alice Elizabeth Willson*", b. 12 Aug. 1900. 

Dr. Tristram Thomas 


Dr. Tristram Thomas^ married secondly, 4 March 1804, 
Mary Ann Goldsborough, daughter of Howes and Rebecca 
Goldsborough, daughter of Robert and Sarah (Yerbury) Golds- 
borough. Issue : 

IV. Juliana THOMAS^ b. 20 Dec. 1804, d. in. 

V. Robert Tristram Goldsborough Thomas^ b. 1805, d. 30 Dec. 
1844, mar. 17 March 1831, Mary Isabella Willson, dau. of James 
and Elizabeth (Goldsborough) Willson. Issue: 
I. Mary Ann Thomas^, b. Nov. 1833, mar. 9 Oct. 1862, John Paca 
Dallam of Harford County. Issue; 
i. Robert Lee Dallam', d. unm. 
ii. Alfred Rush Dallam'. 
iii. John L. Dallam'. 

iv. Mary Goldsborough Dallam,' mar. Samuel Miles Brinkley. 
II. Tristram Goldsborough Thomas^ d. 1845. 

Dr. Tristram Thomas^, married thirdly, 23 November 1809, 
Maria Francis, died 4 January 1835, only daughter of Philip 
Francis, born in 1748, and Henrietta Maria Goldsborough, born 
6 December 1754, died 5 January 1839, daughter of Hon. John 
Goldsborough of "Four Square," Talbot County, and Ann 
Turbutt, daughter of Hon. Foster Turbutt. Philip Francis 
was the youngest son of Hon. Tench Francis, Attorney General 
of Maryland, 1735-1737, and also of Pennsylvania, 1741-1754, 
and the first cousin of Sir Philip Francis, K. C. B., the reputed 
author of the "Letters of Junius." 

Dr. Tristram Thomas^ and Maria (Francis) his wife, had 
issue : 

VI. Philip Francis Thomas^, of whom presently. 
VII. Charles Thomas^, of whom presently. 
VIII. Henrietta Maria Thomas', b. 8 July 1815, d. 21 April 1895, mar. 
16 Oct. 1844, James Van Dyke Stewart, M.D., s.p. 
IX. Ellen Francis Thomas', of whom presently. 
X. Mary Moore Thomas', b. 15 May 1820, d. y. 
XI. Anne Thomas', d. in. 

HON. PHILIP FRANCIS THOMAS^ eldest son of Dr. 
Tristram^ and Maria (Francis) Thomas, born at Easton, Md, 
24 September 1810, died 2 October 1890. Educated at Dickin- 


son College, Pa. Admitted to the bar, 1831. Member of 
House of Delegates, 1838, 1843-1845, 1866, 1878. Member of 
Congress, 1839-1841. Governor of Maryland, 1848-1851. 
Comptroller of Maryland, 1852-1853. Collector of the Port 
of Baltimore 1854-1857. Commissioner of Patents, 1859-1860. 
Secretary of the United States Treasury, 1860. Elected United 
States Senator March 1867, but was refused the seat on the 
ground of "having given aid and comfort to the enemy," by 
forwarding supplies to his young son John Rogers Thomas, a 
gallant young soldier in the Confederate Army. Member of 
Congress, second time, 1875-1877. He declined the Cabinet 
position of Secretary of the Navy offered by President Franklin 
Pierce, and also that of Governor of Utah, and United States 
Treasurer tendered him by President James Buchanan. The 
Baltimore Sun, in an editorial at the time of his death, said: 
"To natural talents of a high order he added a culture of mind 
and finish of manner which made him a striking and interesting 
figure in the councils of his party, and there have been few 
men in the State of Maryland who have been more honored 
at the hands of the people. He filled every position to which 
he was called with ability and dignity." He was the embodi- 
ment of genuine courtesy, and it has been said of him that, 
"none left his side without feeling kindlier for the intercourse." 
Governor Thomas married first, 5 February 1835, Sarah Maria 
Kerr, born in 1814, died 28 April 1870, daughter of David 
Kerr, Jr., and Maria Perry, daughter of Hon. "William and 
Sarah (Rule) Perry of "Perry Hall," Talbot County. 

Hon. Philip Francis Thomas^, and Sarah Maria (Kerr) his 
wife, had issue: 

I. Philip Francis Thomas, Jr.«, b. 12 April 1836, d. 12 Jan. 1861, 

II. William Perry Kerr Thomas', b. 3 Jan. 1838, d. y. 
III. David Kerr Thomas*, b. 21 May 1839, d. 13 July 1839. 
IV". Charles Tristram Thomas*, b. 19 Nov. 1840, d. 18 July 1841. 
V. Maria Perry Thomas*, of whom presently. 
VI. Henrietta Francis Thomas*, b. 19 Nov. 1843, d. 24 Aug. 1844. 
VII. John Rogers Thomas*, b. 22 June 1845, d. 4 May 1871, unm. 
VIII. Sophia Kerr Thomas*, of whom presently. 

Hon. Philip Francis Thomas 
Governor of Maryland, 1848-1851 


IX. Henry Dickinson Thomas^, b. 25 June 1850, d. in. 
X. Susan Thomas*, b. 12 July 1851, d. 4 April 1852. 
XI. Mary Hindman Perry Thomas*, b. 25 Nov. 1852, d. 6 July 1853. 
XII. Nannie Bell Thomas*, of whom presently. 
XIII. Sarah Thomas*, b. 17 March 1858, d. 27 March 1858. 

MARIA PERRY THOMASS eldest daughter of Hon. Philip 
Francis' and Sarah Maria (Kerr) Thomas, born 14 February 
1842, died 14 July 1909, married 16 June 1868, Frank Markoe, 
Jr., of Baltimore, Md., Captain C. S. A., son of Francis Markoe, 
born 19 January 1801, and his wife Mary Galloway Maxcy, 
daughter of Hon Virgil Maxcy. 

Frank Markoe, Jr., and Maria Perry (Thomas^) his wife, had 
issue : 

I. Maria Kerr Markoe', d. 24 Aug. 1870, in. 

II. Francis I. Markoe^ b. 24 Nov. 1870, mar, 16 Sept. 1897, Emma 
Mullikin, dau. of Benjamin Franklin and Roselina (King) 
Mullikin. Issue: 
I. Lucille Roselina Markoe^", b. 29 July 1898. 

III. Agnes Barry MarkoeS b. 23 April 1872, mar. 15 Oct. 1896, James 

Hammond Dugan, son of Cumberland Dugan and Harriet Buch- 
anan his wife, dau. of Hon. Thomas Buchanan. Issue: 
I. James Hammond Dugan, Jr'", b. 22 Oct. 1912. 

IV. Nannie Thomas Markoe', b. 1 Feb. 1875, mar. 27 Oct. 1897, 

Clarence Clifford Sibley, son of Tarrant Sibley, of Bennington, 
Vt. Issue: 
I. Nannie Markoe Sibley^", b. 18 Nov. 1898. 
II. Clarence Clifford Sibley^", b. 4 Nov. 1900. 

III. Frank Markoe Sibley^", b. 13 June 1902. 

IV. George Pittman Sibley'", b. 16 July 1908. 
v. Agnes Maria Sibley", b. 29 Oct. 1912. 

V. John Sutherland Markoe,', b. 4 July 1876, mar. 10 Oct. 1901, 
Mary Rogers Emory, dau. of Richard Lane and Griselda 
(Holmes) Emory, his wife. Issue: 
I. Frank Markoe»», 3rd, b. 27 Sept. 1902. 

SOPHIA KERR THOMAS^, third daughter of Hon. Philip 
Francis^ and Sarah Maria (Kerr) Thomas, born 19 December 
1847, married 21 December 1868, Richard Trippe, son of Edward 
and Catherine Dallas (Bowie) Trippe, of Talbot County. Issue : 

I. Philip Francis Trippe', b. 19 Feb. 1871. 
II. Richard Trippe', b. 26 May 1872. 


NANNIE BELL THOMAS^, sixth daughter of Hon. Philip 
Francis^, and Sarah Maria (Kerr) Thomas, born 23 January 
1855, married 30 July 1878, Tilton Hemsley, son of William 
Hemsley and Anna Matilda Wright, his wife, daughter of Samuel 
Turbutt Wright and Eliza Lea Warner. William Hemsley was 
the son of Thomas Hemsley and Elizabeth Tilghman. Thomas 
Hemsley was the son of Hon. William Hemsley, 1737-1812, 
Member of Congress, 1782-1784. 

Tilton Hemsley and Nannie Bell (Thomas^) his wife, had issue : 

I. Maria Kerr Hemsley', b. 15 Feb. 1880, mar. 30 April 1903, Robert 
Archibald Dobbin, Jr., son of Robert Archibald Dobbin, Sr., 
and Elizabeth Swan, dau. of Philip Barton and Ellen (Swan) 
Key and a descendant of Hon. Francis Scott Key, who wrote 
"The Star Spangled Banner." Issue: 
I. Maria Kerr Hemsley Dobbin^", b. 12 June 1904. 
II. Robert Archibald Dobbin, Jr.^", b. 31 Oct. 1908. 
II. Elizabeth Tilghman Hemsley', b. 22 Sept. 1882. 

HON. PHILIP FRANCIS THOMAS^ married secondly, 29 
January 1876, Mrs. Clintonia G. (Wright) May, died 9 May 
1902, daughter of Hon. William Henry De Courey Wright and 
Eliza Lea Warner, his wife. 

CHARLES THOMAS^ second son of Dr. Tristram« and 
Maria (Francis) Thomas, born at Easton, Md., 30 November 
1812, died 24 February 1891. Entered United States Navy 
as Midshipman, 2 February 1829. On the Sloop of War Erie, 
West India Squadron, 1829-1832. Sloop of War Peacock, 
Brazil Squadron, 1832-1834. Naval School, Norfolk, Va, 1834- 
1835. Passed Midshipman, 3 July 1835. Attached to the Fri- 
gate United States, Mediterranean Squadron, 1836-1839. Lieu- 
tenant 8 September 1841, and performed duty on the Frigate 
Constitution of the same Squadron, until 1844. Attached to 
Receiving Ship at Baltimore, 1846-1847. During the Mexican 
War was on the Sloop Germantown of the Home Squadron. 
In 1850-1851, on duty on the Receiving Ship at Baltimore. 
Unemployed from 1861 to 1863. On Special duty at Phila- 
delphia, 1863-1864. Commissioned Captain 1867, after which 
he was placed on the retired list. He married 22 October 

Hon. Philip Francis Thomas 


1840, Maria Ridgely Pue, (bori> 2 March 1819, died 29 July 
1900), daughter of Arthur Pue, Sr., M.D., and Rebecca Ridgely 
Buchanan his wife, daughter of William and Peggy Hill (Dorsey) 

Captain Charles Thomas^, and Maria Ridgely (Pue) his wife, 
had issue: 

I. Charles Francis Thomas*, b. 1843, d. 10 March 1905, unm. 
II. Eliza Ridgely Pue Thomas', of whom presently. 

III. Ellen Martin Thomas*, b. July 1848. 

IV. Elizabeth Baltzell Thomas', b. 1849, d. in. 
V. Arthur Pue Thomas', b. 1850, d. 1886, unm. 

VI. Henry Hill Thomas', b. 1855, d. 1906. 
VII. Henrietta Stewart Thomas', of whom presently. 
VIII. Richard Ridgely Thomas', b. 1857, mar. 1895, Mary Roulette. 
Issue : 
I. Eleanor Francis Thomas', b. 1896. 
II. Iva Marie Thomas', b. 1898. >* O r" yff >^ r- 

III. E. Jones Thomas', b. 1899. J-00^-lC(3 

IV. Richard Charles Thomas', b. 1900. 

ELIZA RIDGELY PUE THOMAS^, eldest daughter of Cap- 
tain Charles^ and Maria Ridgely (Pue) Thomas, born in 1846, 
married 6 January 1869, John Fisher Preston, son of Hon. 
Jacob Alexander Preston, M.D., and Caroline Perryman, his 
wife. Issue : 

I, Mary Preston', b. Dec. 1870, mar. 16 Jan. 1895, Robert Gregg 
Skerrett, son of Admiral Joseph S. Skerrett, U.S. N. and Mar- 
garet Taylor, his wife. 

II. Charles Francis Preston', U. S. N. b. 3 May 1871, mar. 24 Dec. 

1896, Frances Metcalf, daughter of Joseph Metcalf, and Celia 
Fletcher, his wife. Issue: 
I. Fletcher Preston, i" b. Sept. 1907. 

III. John Fisher Preston, Jr.', Lieut. U. S. A., b. 5 Nov. 1872, mar. 

Dec. 1895, Meta C. Graham, daughter of Captain Graham, 
U. S. N. and Miss Lee of Virginia, his wife. 

IV. Susan Poultney Preston', b. 1874, mar. 6 June 1899, Henry 

Judic Carroll, son of Thomas Carroll and Caroline Judic, his 
wife. Issue : 
I. Francis Preston Carroll,'' b. 25 April 1902. 
V. Henrietta Stewart Preston', b. 6 July 1883, mar. 25 Oct. 1913, 
William Winder Handy, son of Thomas Poultney Handy and 
Maria Poultney, his wife. 


VI. Dickinson Logan Preston', b. 23 Jan. 1885. 
VII. Ellen Francis Preston», b. 2 May 1888. 

HENRIETTA STEWART THOMAS«, youngest daughter 
of Captain Charles^ and Maria Ridgely (Pue) Thomas, born 
1856, married 6 February 1878, Otho Eichelberger Ridgely, 
born 30 January 1856, son of Charles Ridgely of "Hampton," 
and Margaretta Sophia, daughter of James Howard and Sophia 
Ridgely, his wife. Issue: 

I. Ellen Francis Ridgely 9, b. 25 Dec. 1879. 
II. Margaretta Sophia Howard Ridgely', b. 13 Nov. 1881, mar. 
5 Feb. 1912, George Albert Browne, son of George and Nellie 
Browne of Tacoma, Washington. 

III. Charles Ridgely', b. 1883. 

IV. Eliza Howard Ridgely' ,b. 1886, mar. 25 April 1912, Henry 

Lawrence Bell, son of Richard Bell and July Black, his wife. 

V. Otho Eichelberger Ridgely', b. 1888, mar. Katherine Smith 

VI. Alice Whitridge Garrett Ridgely', b. 20 Dec. 1890, mar. 22 

April 1911, Lloyd Bankson Whitham, M.D., son of Jay Manuel 

Whitham and Rebecca Dashiell, his wife. 

ELLEN FRANCIS THOMAS^ second daughter of Dr. Tris- 
tram® and Maria (Francis) Thomas, born at Easton, Md., 25 
May 1817, died 5 July 1893, married 6 December 1843, James 
Lloyd Martin, born 1815, died 1872, son of Edward Martin 
and Deborah Lloyd, his wife, daughter of James Lloyd and 
Sarah Martin, his wife, youngest daughter of Thomas Martin 
and Elizabeth Goldsborough, his wife, who was the youngest 
daughter of Nicholas Goldsborough, 2d, and Elizabeth Sargeant, 
his second wife, before mentioned. James Lloyd was the son 
of James and Elizabeth (Frisby) Lloyd and grandson of James 
Lloyd and the beautiful Anne Grundy. Issue: 

I. Henrietta Maria Martin^, b. 9 Feb. 1848, d. 9 Dec. 1872, mar. 
31 May 1870, Richard Henry Goldsborough, son of James N. 
and Mary Emmet (Kennedy) Goldsborough. Issue: 
I. Richard Francis Goldsborough', b. 31 March 1871, mar. 31 
Dec. 1904, Anna Girault Farrar, b. 17 Sept 1882, of New Or- 
leans, La., second dau. of Edgar Howard Farrar and Lucinda 
Davis Stamps, his wife, dau. of Capt. J. D. Stamps, C. S. A. 
and niece of Hon. Jefferson Davis, Pres. C. S. A. Issue: 

Capt. Charles Thomas, U.S.N. 


i. LuciNDA Davis GoldsboroughI", b. 3 April 1906. 
ii. Ellen Roy GoldsboroughI", b. 2 July 1907. 
iii. Francis Farrar GoldsborotjghI", b. 28 Dec. 1908. 
iv. Anna Girault GoldsboroughI", b. 12 Oct. 1910. 
V. Elizabeth Turbtttt GoldsboroughI", b. 18 Sept. 1912. 
11. Henrietta Maria Francis Goldsborotjgh*, b. 2 Dec. 1872, 
d. 11 Sept. 1873. 
II. James Lloyd Martin, Jr.^, b. 12 Sept. 1851, d. Jan. 1852. 

Even so it is now as in the days of Homer, when the great 
poet, in his Iliad, wrote: 

Like leaves on trees the race of man is found. 

Now green in youth, now withering on the ground, 

Another race the following Spring supplies, 

They fall successive, and successive rise, 

So generations in their course decay, 

So flourish these when those are passed away. 



Among the knightly followers of William the Conqueror was 
Richard de Courci, son of Robert de Courci, lord of Courci, 
m Normandy. He was present at the battle of Hastings, in 
1066, when Harold was slain and the fate of the Kingdom 
decided, for which service he was rewarded with several lord- 
ships in England, among which was the manor of Stoke, in 
Somersetshire, afterwards known by the name of Stoke-Courcy, 
which he held per integram baroniam, with several lordships 
or manors in Oxfordshire. His name is in the great Domesday 
Book as Ricardus de Curci. 

This important compilation, completed in 1086, and still in 
existence, showed the extent, nature and divisions of all the 
landed property in the several counties, with the products of 
each, and the woods, mines, etc., contained therein, with the 
exception of Cumberland, Westmoreland, Northumberland, 
Durham and part of Lancashire. It has been called "that 
black and gloomy record of acreage, tenements, and tax pay- 
ing human chattels," for within its pages there is not the slight- 
est glimpse of the social condition, the nationality or the speech 
of the inhabitants. The estimated population of England, at 
the time of the Conquest, was from two to three millions, 
about one-fifth of whom were of Danish extraction, the remain- 
ing four-fifths being Anglo-Saxons or Saxonized Britons. The 
Survey was not made as a census of the whole people, but for 
revenue purposes, enumerating only those who had property 
profitable for the King. 

Richard de Courci established his family seat at Stoke, which 
thenceforth became known as Stoke Courci or Courcy. The 
name of Stoke is of Saxon origin, Stoc in that language signi- 
fying a village, that of Courci or Courcy being added thereto 
to denote its belonging to that family. 

Robert de Courci his son and successor, lord of Courci in 



Normandy and baron of Stoke Courci, being of a religious turn 
of mind, founded at Cannington, Somersetshire, about the year 
1140, a Priory for Benedictines, and granted certain lands for 
its maintenance. It consisted of a prioress and twelve nuns. 
The patronage of this house was vested in the successive lords 
of Stoke, the ruins of whose moated Castle, a few years ago, 
could still be seen. 

"Long have I loved to catch the simple chime 
Of minstrel-harps, and spell the fabling rhyme; 
To view the festive rites, the Knightly play, 
That decked heroic Albion's elder day; 
To mark the mouldering Halls of Barons bold, 
And the rough castles, cast in giant mould; 
With Gothic manners, Gothic arts explore, 
And muse on the magnificence of yore." 

No trace is left of the Benedictine Convent, but St. Andrew's 
Church, at Stoke Courci, still retains some of the Norman work 
of those early days. 

It has been stated that the village of Stoke, or the nearby 
neighbourhood, was the scene of a sanguinary conflict between 
the Danes and Saxons, when the latter led by the Bishop of 
Sherborne succeeded in driving the pirates to their ships, in 
A.D. 845. 

During the great civil war between the Empress Matilda, 
widow of Henry i, and Stephen, the de Courcies, with most of 
the nobles of the southwest, adhered to the side of the Empress- 
Queen, yet somewhat later, one of these great barons Robert 
de Courci, with the barons of Northern England, fought on 
Stephen's side at the great battle of the Standard at North 
Allerton, Yorkshire, against the Scotch, 22 August 1138, under 
David i, who vainly sought to place his niece Matilda upon the 
English throne. This Saxon princess, who was the niece of 
Edgar Atheling and granddaughter of Edmund Ironside, was 
particularly dear to the English, and her marriage to the King 
(Henry i) was the cause of great rejoicing. She was beautiful 
and amiable, winning from the Saxon Chroniclers the appella- 
tion of Maud the Good. The King of Scotland, in defense of 


his niece's title invaded the northern counties. He was, how- 
ever, defeated in the battle of the Standard, so-called from a 
high crucifix carried by the English as a military ensign. 

Robert de Courci was succeeded by William de Courci, baron 
of Stoke Courcy, temp. Henry ii, 1154-1189, whose daughter 
and heiress Alicia de Courci married "Warine de Fitzgerald, a 
noble baron and Chamberlaine to King John. 

Of this family it is claimed was also Sir John de Courci, Kt., 
born about 1152, who, for reducing Ulster, in Ireland, by force 
of arms and attaching it to the English crown, was, by Henry ii, 
created Earl of Ulster and Lord of Connaught in 1181, being 
one of the first of the English noblemen dignified with a title 
in Ireland, and from 1181 to 1191, was sole Governor of Ire- 
land, but being accused by Hugh de Lacy, Earl of Meath, of 
disrespectful words about King John, he was seized and sent 
a prisoner to London, where he was confined in prison and his 
Earldom of Ulster given to Hugh de Lacy. 

On his death about 1210, his son Miles de Courci succeeded 
him, upon whom Henry iii, conferred the barony of Kingsale, 
in Ireland, in compensation for the earldom of Ulster, which 
had been given to Hugh de Lacy, his patent was, however, 
dated from 1181, when that of the Earl of Ulster had been 
conferred upon his father. 

"1309, Milo de Courcy, Nicholas de Courcy "Fideles," of 
Ireland, severally requested to perform Military Service against 
the Scots. Muster at New Castle-upon-Are, on the Nativity 
of St. John the Baptist, 24 June 1310, 3 Edw. ii." {Parliamen- 
tary Writs and Writs of Military Summons, by Sir Francis 
Palgrave, 1834). 

Gerald de Courcy, 17th Baron Kingsale, was knighted on the 
field of battle at Boulogne and sat in the Irish Parliament, 
temp. Queen Elizabeth. Gerald de Courcy, 19th Baron Kingsale, 
was Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber to Charles i. 

John de Courcy, 21st Baron Kingsale, sat in the Irish Parlia- 
ment in 1665. Almericus de Courcy, 23rd Baron Kingsale, com- 
manded a troop of horse under James ii, and sat in the Irish 
Parliament in 1692. His epitaph tells us how he "was de- 


scended from the famous John de Courci, Earl of Ulster, who, 
in the reign of King John, in consideration of his great valour, 
obtained that extraordinary privilege to him and his heirs 
of being covered before the King." (Stanley, Memorials of 

Gerald de Courcy, 24th Baron Kingsale, grandson of Patrick 
de Courcy, 20th Baron Kingsale, and cousin of Almericus de- 
Courcy, 23rd Baron Kingsale, died 1 December 1759, without 
male issue, when it was claimed by many, that the eldest male 
representative of the Courseys of Maryland, was the legal heir 
to the title and property, but through fraud, it is said, a claim- 
ant from Rhode Island, was recognized as the legal heir and 
he was finally put in possession of the title and estates. 

It was during the lifetime of William Coursey, 3rd, of Queen 
Anne's County, Maryland, that Gerald de Courcy, 24th Lord 
Kingsale, died and the title and estates reverted, it is claimed, 
to the Maryland branch of the family. Although the family 
permitted their claim to lapse, they have always asserted their 
descent from this Irish family. 

The first members of the Coursey family to come to the 
Province of Maryland, were Henry Coursey who emigrated 
about 1653, with John and William Coursey, his brothers, and 
Katherine Coursey their sister, and Juliana Coursey, another 
sister, who arrived in 1661. It was not long after the arrival 
of this family, that they commenced to make their impress 
upon the Province by their prominence in its affairs. 

They took up large tracts of land bordering upon the Chester 
andWye Rivers, in what is now known as Queen Anne's County. 

Edward Coursey, son of William Coursey, 3rd, of "Cheston," 
and great grandson of Colonel Henry Coursey, the settler, 
rendered distinguished services in the War of the Revolution. 
In his will he requested that his sons should resume their family 
name and hereafter adopt the spelling De Courcy, instead of 
Coursey, saying: "I am led to believe that the change took 
place from the antipathy which sometimes existed betwixt the 
subjects of Great Britain and France, and probably with them 


at this time, and that they intended to efface the mark of their 
being of French descent," 

The first appearance of settled family surnames in England 
was about the time of the Norman Conquest, and they were 
derived in various ways. The Norman conquerors introduced 
the "de" into England, but it must not be supposed that the 
prefix meant that they were always of noble birth or of Norman 
origin, for very many families of British, Saxon and Danish 
descent also used the prefix, until it was almost completely 
dropped or discarded in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries 
for brevity and with the disappearance of Norman French. 

Many of the followers of the Conqueror took surnames from 
their paternal chateaux or villages in Normandy, names which 
were used with the French preposition "de" before them. 
Their younger sons and others applied the de to estates awarded 
them, or which they owned before the Norman invasion. Be- 
sides those derived from the names of the manors of the gentry 
or landholders, farms, homesteads, towns, the natural features 
of the country, all gave their names to those who lived at or 
near them; or they were taken from occupations or professions; 
from animals and birds, from fruits and flowers, and from vari- 
ous other sources. 

Among the prominent members of this family were : 

COLONEL HENRY COURSEY, ^1697. Member Coun- 
cil of Maryland, 1660-1670, 1676-1684. Secretary of Mary- 
land, 1660-1661. Colonel Commanding Foot of Cecil and 
Kent Counties, 1676, 1678-1681. Chief Justice Provincial 
Court, 1684-1685. Commissioner to negotiate with Northern 
Indians, 1677 and 1682. 

MAJOR WILLIAM COURSEY, —1684. Burgess for 
Calvert County, 1657. Justice of Kent County, 1658. Sheriff 
of Calvert County, 1657-1659. Burgess for Kent County, 1658. 
Justice for Kent County, 1661. Burgess for Talbot County, 
1661-1666. Justice for Talbot County, 1662-1683. High 
Sheriff of Talbot County, 1659-1660, 1667-1668. 


JOHN COURSEY, . Clerk of Kent County, 1653. 

Sheriff of Kent County, 1657. 

HENRY COURSEY, 1662-1707. Justice of Talbot County, 
1685-1689. Burgess for Talbot County, 1694-1695, 1704-1707. 

WILLIAM COURSEY, 2d, . Member of Council, 1704- 

1708, 1711-1716. 

EDWARD COURSEY, . Third Lieutenant of Veazy's 

Independent Maryland Regiment, 1776. Wounded and taken 
prisoner at the battle of Long Island, 27 August 1776. Mem- 
ber of the Society of the Cincinnati. House of Delegates from 
Queen Anne's County, 1781-1784. 


The earliest published record of this ancient family goes 
back to the Norman invasion. There has been much discus- 
sion, however, among genealogists and historians respecting 
the origin and changes of the surname of Ridale or Rydale, 
Ridel, Riddle and Riddell. The family of Ridel (now Riddell) 
has been mistakenly considered by Scottish genealogists as the 
same with another of the surname of de Ridale or de Rydale 
(now Riddell), accordingly they have blended them together 
and confounded the history of both. 

It is claimed in Burke's Peerage, that the Riddell family is 
of Norman descent, whereas other authorities, and they are 
doubtless correct, say that the Ridales or Rydabs and Ridels 
are of separate and distinct origin; that the former were from 
Yorkshire and the Ridels from Gascony or the southwest quar- 
ter of France. That the Ridels never prefixed "de" to their 
surname, which was a personal one, and that the Ridales or 
Rydales invariably did so, because they came from a place so- 
called, the valley of the Rye, in Yorkshire, and was a local 
surname. It is possible that members of the Norman family 
may have settled in Yorkshire, as they were there as early as 
the 12th century, thence they went to Roxburghshire, Scotland, 
and named their lands there by their own surname. 

The greater part of Roxburghshire is included in Teviotdale, 
the whole course of the Teviot, forty miles in length, is included 
within the county. 

"Sweet Teviot! on thy silver tide 

The glaring bale-fires blaze no more; 
No longer steel-clad warriors ride 

Along thy wild and willowed shore; 
Where'er thou wind'st by dale or hill, 
All, all is peaceful, all is still, 

As if thy waves, since time was born, 
Since first they rolled their way to Tweed. 
Had only heard the shepherd's reed, 

Nor startled at the bugle-horn." 



At what date the Roxburghshire family, the de Ridales, gave 
their names to their lands is not precisely known, nor is it 
known when the Ridels went to Scotland, as both families 
appeared there almost simultaneously. They seemed to have 
been early Witnesses to Crown charters and their names appear 
in many ancient documents in England and Scotland. 

Gervasius Ridel probably witnessed the "Inquisitio principis 
Davidis," in 1116. To Walter de Ridale King David i* of 
Scotland (1124-1153), gave or confirmed the lands of "Lillies- 
clive," on Riddell Water and "Whittune," on Kale water, both 
on the borders of Roxburghshire, to be held as one knight's 
fee. The lands thus granted received the name of the barony 
of Riddell. 

Sir Walter Scott, in The Lay of the Last Minstrel, speaks of 
"Ancient Riddell's fair domain," and in a note to Canto i, 
says, "The family of Riddell have been very long in possession 
of the barony called Riddell or Ryedale, part of which still 
bears the latter name. It is remarkable that Lilliesclive, other- 
wise Ryedale or Riddell, and the Whittunes have descended 
through a long train of ancestors without ever passing into a 
collateral line." 

From Walter de Ridale, the original grantee, there is an 
unbroken line of descent in the family of Sir John Walter 
Buchanan Riddell, the present and Uth Baronet. In his pos- 
session there are three rare and most curious family documents, 
namely three papal bulls of Pope Adrian iv, and Alexander iii, 
confirming to Sir John's ancestors the estates of Lilliesclive and 

These instruments are described by Sir Walter Scott in a 
note to Canto i, of The Lay of the Last Minstrel, and also by 

* He was the first Scoto-Norman feudal monarch, the youngest son 
of Malcohn iii, and his wife Margaret, an Anglo-Saxon Princess, and 
the sister of Edgar Atheling. He had been trained at the Court of 
Henry i, and his sister Matilda, where he was brought into familiar 
intercourse with the Norman barons; and when he was called to succeed 
Alexander i, many of them accompanied him to Scotland. Among these 
were Gervasius Ridel and Walter de Ridale, both of whom settled in 


Mr. C. J. Bates in the Archaeologia Aeliana, vol. xii, page 
191, as follows: "To say nothing of the great local interest 
that attaches to these three original documents of the twelfth 
century, they possess a peculiar value as examples of the far 
reaching, all embracing power of the mediaeval papacy, as 
evinced in the fact that the titles to properties in Scotland was 
secured by no less than three papal confirmations. The first 
is a bull from Adrian iv, (Nicholas Brakespeare, the only Eng- 
lishman who has ever yet sat in the chair of St. Peter), addressed 
from Benevento, on the 8th of April 1156, to Anskitell de Ridale, 
who succeeded his brother Walter de Ridale. The second is 
from Pope Alexander iii, dated the 17th of May 1165, also 
addressed to the Kjiight Anskitell de Ridale. The third is also 
from Pope Alexander iii, to Walter de Ridale, son of Anskitell 
de Ridale, confirming to him Lilliesclive, Whittune and other 
lands of his father. Each of the bulls begin in the same manner, 
thus, "Alexander, the bishop, the servant of the servants of 
G-od, to his beloved son the Knight Anskitell de Ridale, greet- 
ing and Apostolic benediction etc." These documents derive 
their name of "bull," from the leaden seal or token attached 
to them and called in Latin "bulla." 

From Sir Anskitell de Ridale can be traced Andrew Riddell, 
son of Walter Riddell (1588), and grandson of Walter Riddell 
(1543). Andrew Riddell married first a daughter of Sir James 
Pringle and secondly Violet Douglas, and died in 1632, aged 
82 years, leaving John, James, William, Andrew and other 

He was succeeded by his eldest son Sir John Riddell, 1st 
Baronet of Riddell, who on 14 May 1628, was created a Baronet 
of Nova Scotia. He married Agnes, daughter of Sir John Murray 
and was succeeded by his eldest son Sir Walter Riddell, 2nd 
Baronet, who married Janet Rigg and had, with two daughters, 
five sons; Sir John, 3rd Baronet, who succeeded, William, Rev. 
Archibald, Thomas and Andrew Riddell. 

His second son William Riddell was bred to the law and 
married Elizabeth Wauchope, by whom he had issue Walter 


Riddell of Glenriddell, Dumfriesshire, who married in 1676, 
Catherine, daughter of Sir Robert Laurie, 1st Baronet of Max- 
welton, and from whom were descended Robert Burns' two 
friends Robert Riddell and his brother Walter Riddell. Burns 
lived for many years upon the winding Nith, the beauties of 
which he more than once commemorates in song. His next 
neighbour, at less than a mile distant up the Nith, with its 
rich meadows, and woods, its stately old homes, its dark and 
swift waters, was Robert Riddell of Glenriddell, a gentleman 
of antiquarian and literary tastes, to whose residence ** Friar's 
Carse," the poet was ever welcome. This lovely dale, once 
the scene of clannish strife, now presents a charming picture 
of peaceful beauty, pervaded everywhere with the sentiment of 
Robert Burns. 

Upon the death of Robert Riddell, in April 1794, he wrote 
this touching sonnet. 

No more, ye warblers of the wood! no more; 

Nor pour your descant, grating, on my soul; 

Thou, young-eyed Spring; gay in thy verdant stole — 
More welcome were to me grim Winter's wildest roar. 

How can ye charm, ye flowers! with all your dyes? 

Ye blow upon the sod that wraps my friend! 

How can I to the tuneful strain attend? 
That strain flows round th' untimely tomb where Riddell lies. 

From the time of David i, of Scotland, 1124-1153, to the 
present day, the name of Walter Riddell appears once or twice 
in very nearly every generation among the descendants of this 
Roxburghshire family. The name of Walter does not appear, 
at any time, in the Riddells of Ardnamurchan, or of Felton 
Park, or of Cheeseburn Grange, or in any other family of 
Riddells in either Scotland or England. Since the year 1628, 
the 2nd, 4th, 5th, 7th, and 10th baronets Riddell of Riddell, 
have been named Walter. The present holder of the title is 
Sir John Walter Buchanan Riddell, 11th Baronet, whose eldest 
son Walter Robert Riddell was born in 1879. 


It is not positively known when Walter Riddell, the elder, 
of Talbot County, planter, came to the Province of Maryland, 
but undoubtedly he was a scion of the ancient family of Riddell, 
of Riddell, Roxburghshire, and most probably descended from 
one of the sons of Andrew Riddell, before mentioned, who 
died in 1632, leaving several sons. 

Walter Riddell, the elder, died in 1682, leaving a daughter 
Jean Riddell born about 1671, who married in 1690, William 
Thomas, the elder, of Talbot County; and an only son Walter 
Riddell, the younger, planter, who died in 1732, upon whose 
estate the two sons of William Thomas, the elder, William 
Thomas, Jr., and Tristram Thomas administered. 

Contemporaneous with Jean Riddell, daughter of Walter Rid- 
dell, the elder, of Talbot County, and wife of William Thomas, 
the elder, was Jean Riddell, daughter of Walter Riddell of 
Minto, of the Roxburghshire family, Scotland, who married 
27 July 1674, Sir Robert Laurie, 1st Baronet of Maxwelton, 
Dumfriesshire, whose daughter Anna, born 16 December 1682, 
celebrated for her beauty, made a conquest of William Douglas 
of Fingland, who wrote the following verses to her, and which 
are said to have been the original words. 

Maxwelton braes are bonnie, 

Where early fa's the dew; 
Where me and Annie Laurie 

Made up the promise true; 
Made up the promise true 

And never forget will I; 
And for bonnie Annie Laurie 

I'd lay down my head and die. 

She's backit like a peacock, 

She's breastit like a swan; 
She's jimp about the middle, 

Her waist ye weill may span; 
Her waist ye weill may span, 

And she has a rolling eye, 
And for bonnie Annie Laurie 

I'd lay down my head and die. 


This song, many years afterwards, was revised by Lady 
Scott,* and any one familiar with it can appreciate how much 
of the tender beauty of the present version of the popular song 
is attributable to the poetic talent of Lady Scott. 

Bonnie Annie Laurie, however, did not marry her lover Doug- 
las, but she married in 1709, Alexander Fergusson of Craig- 
darroch, M.P. in 1717. She died in 1761, at the age of seventy- 
nine and is buried at the Church of Glencairn, not far away 
from her home for more than half a century, which was beau- 
tifully situated in a vale overlooking the winding Nith. Her 
grandson Alexander Fergusson was the hero of Burns' song of 
"The Whistle." 

As Walter Riddell, the younger, of Talbot County, who died 
in 1732, left no issue, he was the last male representative of 
his immediate family in Maryland. But there are now living 
in this State many descendants of Jean Riddell, wife of William 
Thomas, the elder, who have often sung the sweet song "Annie 
Laurie," without knowing that they and the heroine of that 
song were of the same lineage. 

* Her maiden name was Alicia Anne Spottiswoode, the eldest daugh- 
ter of John Spottiswoode of Spottiswoode, Berwickshire. She married 
in 1836, Lord John Douglas Scott, a son of the Duke of Buccleugh, and 
a member of Parliament for Roxburgh, in 1832. The present air of 
"Annie Laurie," is the composition of Lady Scott, authoress of both 
words and music of many songs, which have become popular in her 
own country. 


The family of Lowe, originally of Cheshire, England, is of 
long standing and was once one of the leading families of Derby- 
shire, being possessed of a considerable estate there as early 
as temp. Henry vi. The surname is one of local origin, hldew, 
hlaw or low, is the Old English or Anglo-Saxon word for a 
small hill or mound. 

Robin Hoode sett Guyes home to his mouth, 
And a loud blast in it did blow; 
That behearde the Sheriffe of Nottingham, 
As he leaned under a lowe. 

Robin Hood and Guye of Gisborne, 18&-8. 

The name of Henry le Low is in the Lancaster Assize-Rolls 
(1246). Robert atte Lowe and Robert le Low are in the 
Parliamentary Writs (1272-1326), and Hugo de la Lowe, Robert 
de Lowe and Martinus de Low are mentioned in the Hundred 
Rolls (1274). 

The first of the family, of whom we have any specific or 
reliable record, are William del Lowe, who was living in 1392, 
and Thomas del Lowe who died 10 February 1415, both of 
Macclesfield, Cheshire, who were probably brothers. The above 
named Thomas Lowe, for it must be remembered that in the 
fourteenth century all surnames were simplified and all prefixes 
omitted, was a witness to a charter in 1407. He left a son 
Geoffrey Lowe of Macclesfield, who died in 1451. He married 
Margaret, daughter of Sir Peter Legh of Lyme, Cheshire, leav- 
ing among other sons, Lawrence Lowe, who was living in 1472. 
He was the ancestor of the Lowes of Denby, Derbyshire, temp. 
Edward vi, and married the heiress of Rossell of Denby. 

The manor of Denby, at the time of the Domesday Survey, 
belonged to Ralph de Binon, and in the reign of Henry i, (1100- 
1135), it was held by Patrick de Rossell. It remained with 
the Rossells for upwards of three centuries, when it passed by 



marriage to the said Lawrence Lowe, serjeant at law, a younger 
son of the Lowes of la Lowe, of the Parish of Great Budworth, 

Humphrey Lowe, the eldest son of Lawrence Lowe, was living 
in 1516. He was married prior to 1462, to Margaret, daughter 
of John Lunstone, whose second son Vincent Lowe, who mar- 
ried Jane, daughter of Sir Thomas Cokaine of Ashbourne, 
Knight, purchased the manor of Park Hall, temp. Henry viii. 
Richard Lord Grey of Codnor, held a small manor at Denby, 
which afterwards acquired the name of Park Hall. From the 
Greys the manor of Park Hall passed to the Frechevilles and 
was sold about the beginning of the reign of Henry viii, by 
Sir Peter Frecheville to Vincent Lowe of Denby, who settled 
it on his youngest son Jasper Lowe, who succeeded to the 
Denby estate, upon the decease of his elder brother Vincent 
Lowe, in 1563, without issue, and since that time the manors 
of Denby and Park Hall, have continued to be united. Jasper 
Lowe died in 1583, leaving a son Patrick Lowe, who married 
Jane, daughter of Sir John Harpur, and had four children. 

In the parish Church of Denby, near to the reading desk 
and pulpit, was the family pew of the Lowes. And against the 
south aisle wall an escutcheon of the Lowe quarterings, impal- 
ing Cokayne and Harthill quarterly. On the north side of the 
chancel of the Church, there is a fine mural monument to 
Patrick Lowe. His son and successor Vincent Lowe of Denby 
was living in 1634. He married Anne, daughter of Henry 
Cavendish of Tutbury, Staffordshire. Their children were 
John Lowe, who married Katherine, daughter of Sir Arthur 
Pilkington, Baronet, of Stanley, Yorkshire, Grace, Anne, Eliza- 
beth, Dorothy, Jane, who emigrated to Maryland, Mary, Nich- 
olas, a merchant in London, Vincent who also emigrated to 
Maryland, and Henry Lowe of Park Hall, Denby. 

Jane Lowe married in 1655, in England, Henry Sewall and 
came with him to the Province of Maryland in 1661. He was 
Secretary and Member of the Council of Maryland and died 
in 1665, leaving a widow and five children, viz., Major Nicholas 
Sewall; EUzabeth, who married Jesse Wharton and Colonel 


William Digges; Mary, who married Colonel William Chandler; 
Anne, who married Colonel Benjamin Rozier and Colonel 
Edward Pye; Jane, born after her father's death in 1665, mar- 
ried in 1680-81, Hon. Philip Calvert, Chancellor of Maryland, 
being his second wife. 

The year after her husband's death Jane (Lowe) Sewall mar- 
ried Charles, 3rd Lord Baltimore, (1630-1714-15), by whom 
she had a son Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th Lord Baltimore, 
(1677-1715). Lady Calvert died 24 February 1700-01. 

Colonel Vincent Lowe, the brother of Lady Jane Calvert, 
came to Maryland about 1672, and had surveyed 1000 acres 
of land in Queen Anne's County, called "Stratton," besides 
large tracts of land in Talbot County. He was appointed by 
his brother-in-law Lord Baltimore, then Governor of the Prov- 
ince, to many positions of trust. He was High Sheriff of Talbot 
County, 1675-1678. Surveyor General, 1679-1680, being the 
last surveyor of the Province, for in the latter year the Land 
Office was created with a Register for each shore. One of " Ye 
Worshipful Commissioners and Justices of the Peace," for Tal- 
bot County, 1680, 1685-1686, and Member of the Council, 
1681-1683. He married Elizabeth Foster, daughter of Hon. 
Seth Foster, of Choptank Island, now Tilghman's Island, which 
afterwards came into the possession of his wife, under the will 
of her father in 1674. She married secondly William Coursey, 
2nd, of Queen Anne's County. 

Henry Lowe of Park Hall, Derbyshire, England, a younger 
brother of Colonel Vincent Lowe and of Lady Jane Calvert, 
married his cousin Prudence Lowe, daughter of John Lowe of 
Owlgreaves, Gent. Their two sons Nicholas Lowe and Henry 
Lowe, both came to Maryland about 1674. 

Lieutenant Colonel Henry Lowe, the youngest of the two 
brothers, first settled in Calvert County, but finally located 
in St. Mary's County. He was successively Collector of Cus- 
toms for Maryland, 1684-1685. Judge of the Provincial Court, 
1694, 1696, 1697. High Sheriff of St. Mary's County, 1698- 
1700. Member Lower House of Assembly, 1701-1702. He 
married Susannah Maria, daughter of Richard Bennett, Jr., 


and widow of John Darnall. Her mother was Henrietta Maria 
Neale, the namesake and god-daughter of Henrietta Maria, 
wife of Charles i. She married secondly Colonel Philemon 
Lloyd, (1647-1685). 

Colonel Nicholas Lowe, before mentioned, upon his arrival 
in Maryland settled in Calvert County with his younger brother 
Henry, but upon his being appointed by Lord Baltimore, Clerk 
of Talbot County in 1686, where his uncle Vincent was then 
living, he removed to that county, where he married Elizabeth, 
widow of Major William Combes, and daughter of Edjward 
Roe, Gent., and Mary, his wife, the daughter of Thomas Dun- 
combe. Colonel Nicholas Lowe was a Member of the Lower 
House of Assembly, 1694-1695, 1704-1711. He died 22 Oc- 
tober 1714. Madam Elizabeth Lowe, as she jyas known to 
the records of Talbot County, owned as maiden property the 
site of the town of Oxford, situated at the mouth of the Tred 
Avon where it empties into the Choptank River. Among the 
landed estates of Colonel Nicholas Lowe in 1707, was " Ander- 
ton," in Oxford Neck, which had been surveyed for John Ander- 
ton in 1659. Through the marriage, 11 May 1732, of William 
Thomas to Elizabeth Allen, the only daughter of the Rev. 
John Allen and Mary Lowe, (born 7 July 1691), the daughter 
of Colonel Nicholas Lowe, it came eventually into the pos- 
session of the Thomas family who resided there for several 

In July 1708, the Rev. William Glen was sent by the Bishop 
of London to be the Rector of St. Peter's Parish Talbot County, 
White Marsh being the Parish Church. Very soon after he 
took charge of the Parish, the Rev. Mr. Glen was paying a 
visit to the Rev. John Allen, who had recently married Mary 
Lowe, then less than eighteen years of age, the young and 
attractive daughter of Colonel Nicholas Lowe. While on this 
visit the Rev. Mr. Allen and the Rev. Mr. Glen took their 
guns and went to shoot wild turkeys, unfortunately however, 
the Rev. Mr. Allen was killed by an accidental discharge from 
Mr. Glen's gun making the young bride a widow. A little 
over a year after, the incumbent of St. Peter's Parish married 


the young and winsome widow. Her second husband did not 
long survive his predecessor, and the young wife became a 
widow a second time. In 1715, she married, for her third hus- 
band. Colonel Thomas Bozman of Oxford Neck, for many years 
Acting Commissary General of Talbot County. Their son John 
Bozman married Lucretia Leeds, eldest daughter of Hon. John 
Leeds, and their son was Hon. John Leeds Bozman, (1757-1823), 
well known as the first historian of Maryland. 


The name of Leeds, Yorkshire, England, is of great antiquity, 
being expressly mentioned by the Venerable Bede, who died in 
A. D. 735, in his Ecclesiastical History, as the old Cymric petty 
kingdom, in which the district was called Loidis, the name be- 
ing changed first to Ledes and finally to Leeds. There is also, 
however, a Leeds in Kent, formerly Ledes, Old English Leod. 

In 1080, the manor and farming village of Ledes, Yorkshire, 
was given by the Conqueror to Ilbert de Lacy a great Norman 
chieftain, with many other lordships, and who built Pontefract 
Castle, near Ledes, of gloomy memories, formerly one of the 
most important fortresses in the Kingdom. No other castle 
in Yorkshire, has been so mixed up with great names, great 
passages in history and celebrated deeds and actions of famous 
men, good and bad, with scenes of valour, treachery, hope, 
triumph, despair and death as Pontefract has, and around its 
ruins there is an atmosphere of romance, of tragedy, of history 
and of mediaeval life. 

"Now all is still! thy crumbling walls 
No more shall echo back the tread 
Of prancing steeds! no more shall War 
Roll at thy feet his iron car; 
Nor trumpets clang; nor clashing swords; 
Nor prisoner's sigh; nor love's last words; 
Whisper amidst the voiceless dead." 

The family of Leeds took their surname from this manor and 
village of Ledes. Paulinus de Ledes in 1186, refused the see 
of Carlisle, though Henry ii, offered to augment its revenues 
300 marks annual rent. Simon de Ledes, Henry de Ledes 
and William de Ledes are mentioned in the Rotuli Hundredorum, 
(Hundred Rolls), temp. Edwd. i. 

In the Parish of Bolton, upon the Dearne, South Yorkshire, 
whose church was founded before the date of Domesday, lived 



Sir Alexander de Ledes, who was the King's coroner of York, 
in 13 Edw. i, (1285), and also Keeper of the office of the Es- 
cheatry, in 23 Edw. i, (1295). He had a son also named Alex- 
ander, and who was the person referred to returned as co-lord 
of Bolton, in 9 Edw. ii. (1316). 

Thoresby, in his Ducatus Leodiensis, 1714, says, "North Hall, 
Leedes Main-Riding, Yorkshire, was the seat of the Folking- 
hams, part of which was standing in the reign of Chas. i, (1625- 
1649), it came to this family from that of the Pigots, but of 
old belonged to the ancient family of the Ledes of Leedes and 
North Hall." 

A pedigree of this family, in this book, commences with 
Pauline (Paulinus) de Leedes, whose grandson Sir Roger de 
Leedes, Knt., 43 Edw. iii, (1370), is mentioned, whose sons were 
Sir Roger de Leedes, Chevalier, who died in 1443, and Alex- 
ander de Leedes, whose grandson Thomas Leedes of North 
Hall, Esq., married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Hotham, 
Knt., whose son was Sir William Leedes, Knt., of North Hall, 
and whose great grandson was Alexander Leedes. 

In 1367, Dns. John de Ledes, Pbr., was Rector of the Parish 
of Methley, of which Blanche, Duchess of Lancaster, was the 
patroness, "its fine old church, dedicated to the Christian King 
Oswald, who died on the field of battle in A.D. 642, has been 
a recognized beacon of the enlightened truths of Christianity 
in this district for a full thousand years. It is notable as one 
of the comparatively few churches enumerated in the great 
Survey of A.D. 1086." 

Speight, in his Lower Wharf edale, History, Antiquities and Scen- 
ery of the Picturesque Valley of the Wharf e, 1902, says, "The 
first local mention of the family of North Milford, I find in the 
capitation tax of Richard ii, (1378), for Kirkby Wharfe, where 
Robert de Ledes, and wife, contribute 6s. 8d. to that levy. 
This shows the family had, even at that time, an important 
status in the district. There are two memorials of the family 
in the Church at Kirkby Wharfe, one of brass to Bryan Ledes, 
dated 1564, and another on a tomb of Thomas Leedes, who 
died in 1602, the last of the family of North Milford. 


William de Ledes was Abbot of Kirkstall Abbey, Yorkshire, 
in 1269, and Roger de Ledes was Abbot in 1349, founded by 
Henry de Lacy, Baron of Pontefract, in 1147, for Cistercian 
Monks. The Abbey, a short distance from Leeds, stood pic- 
turesquely in a beautiful vale, watered by the river Aire. It 
is now in sad decay, a fragment of the monastic splendour of 
the twelfth century. 

"Yet still thy turrets drink the light 

Of summer evening's softest ray, 
And ivy garlands, green and bright, 

Still mantle thy decay; 
And calm and beauteous, as of old, 
Thy wandering river glides in gold." 

John de Ledes was Prior of Nostell Priory, Yorkshire, in 
1390, founded teinp., Henry i, for the Augustinians. Richard 
de Ledes was Prior of Monk Bretton Priory, Yorkshire, 1435- 
1484, founded temp., Henry ii, for Cluniac Monks. John Leeds 
was Prior of Newburgh Priory, Yorkshire, in 1524, founded in 
1145, for the Augustinians. (Yorkshire Archaeological Society, 
vol. 17.) 

John Leeds was Abbot of Byland Abbey, Yorkshire, 1525- 
1540, founded in 1134, by Roger de Mowbray, for the Cister- 
cians. It was surrendered in 1540, by John Leeds, the last 
Abbot and twenty-four Monks. It had a splendid Cathedral 
and Monastery. The founder after all his fighting and his 
two journeys to Jerusalem, took the cowl as an humble monk 
and was buried there. The Abbey is now in ruins. 

"No more Cistercian monks devoutly pray 
Within the hallowed precincts of thy pile, 
Nor yet, re-echoing through the vaulted aisle 

Do we the vesper hear at close of day. 

None now chant forth the solemn requiem lay, 
Or lauds at midnight unto Jesu sing; 
The early matin bell has ceased to ring, 

Thy former splendour breathes but to decay." 

The kings and nobles thought it part of their dignity, par- 
ticularly the Norman barons, to found and endow monasteries, 


for the support of monks or nuns, where they might have a 
stately tomb and a religious remembrance after death, and 
where priests might be engaged in a continual service of dirges 
and prayers, according to the superstitious practice of the 

Edward Leeds, LL.D., was Master of Clare Hall College, 
Oxford, Prebendary of Ely and Litchfield, and Master in Chan- 
cery, in 1568. 

Christopher Leedes was Canon of Bolton Church, Yorkshire, 
in 1573, and another Christopher Leeds was Mayor of Canter- 
bury, Kent, in 1591. 

In Metcalfe's Visitation of Suffolk in 1612, is the pedigree of 
the Leedes family of Oulton, Suffolk, commencing with Edward 
Leedes of Kent, Gent., whose sons were Henry, Stephen, George 
and Edward, and whose grandsons were Edward, John, Thomas, 
Stephen, William, Robert and Peter Leedes. 

Sir John Leeds, Knt., was living in 1611, and Sir Thomas 
Leeds, K. C. B., was Member of Parliament from Steyning, 
Sussex, in 1640. In the Visitation of Cambridgeshire, 1575 
and 1619, {Harleian Soc. Pub., vol. 41), there is the pedigree 
of Walter Leeds of Canterbury, Kent, in which the names of 
John, Edward, Thomas and William Leeds are mentioned. 

The first member of the Leeds family of England, and who 
belonged no doubt either to the Yorkshire or Kent branches, 
to emigrate to America, was Timothy Leeds, Gent., who came 
to Virginia with the first supply in the Phoenix in 1607, in 
Newport's Expedition, He is mentioned in Captain John 
Smith's History of Virginia. 

His son. Captain William Leeds, came to Kent Island, with 
William Claiborne, in 1658, and where he was Captain of a 
Military Company in 1660. In April 1661, he was one of the 
Burgesses from Kent County, in the Lower House of Assembly. 
On 14 June 1661, he was appointed one of "Ye Worshipful 
Commissioners and Justices of the Peace," for Kent County, 
his colleagues being Robert Vaughn, William Coursey, Thomas 
Bradnox, Seth Foster and James Ringgold. He also repre- 
sented Talbot County as a Burgess in the Lower House of 


Assembly, in 1669, His will is dated 18 October 1676, and 
probated 1 December 1688, in which he mentions his sons 
William, Michael, Edward and John Leeds. 

Edward Leeds married in 1704, Ruth Ball, daughter of John 
and Ruth Ball of Talbot County, and died in 1708, "and from 
this union are descended many of Maryland's distinguished sons 
and daughters, eminent for their intellectual attainments and 
culture." Ruth Ball came to Talbot County in 1688, at about 
ten years of age, with her family, born of English parentage 
at Dungannon, County Tyrone, Ireland, 25 December 1677. 
They had an only son John Leeds. 

Mrs, Amelia Ball Welby, (1819-1852), the poetess, was a 
descendant of Thomas Ball, the brother of Mrs. Edward Leeds, 
and was born in Talbot County. Her father William Coppuck, 
a native of New Jersey, after residing in Maryland for a number 
of years, in the latter part of his life removed to Louisville, 
Kentucky, where the future poetess, who wrote under the nom 
de plume of Amelia, grew to womanhood and where she attracted 
the attention of the late George D. Prentice, Editor of the 
Louisville Courier, himself a poet of no mean ability, and who 
encouraged her poetic talents. Her poems are noted for their 
great beauty and delicacy of expression and refinement. What 
could be more tender or exquisite than these lines from one 
of her poems, I Weep Not, and which were inscribed upon her 
monument in Cave Hill Cemetery, Louisville, Kentucky. 

Thy faults were slight and few 

As human faults could be, 
And thy virtues were as many too 

As gems beneath the sea; 
And thy thoughts did heavenward roam 

Until, like links of gold, 
They drew thee up to thy blue home 

Within the Saviour's fold. 

In 1838, she married George Welby, a young Englishman of 
a very old and aristocratic family. 

Hon. John Leeds, Jr., the only son of Edward and Ruth 
(Ball) Leeds, was born in Talbot County, 18 May 1705, and 


died in March, 1790. He was one of "Ye Worshipful Commis- 
sioners and Justices of the Peace," for Talbot County, 1734- 
1738, and Clerk of Talbot County Court from 1738, to the 
outbreak of the War of the Revolution. Mr. Leeds was a 
man of excellent mathematical and astronomical attainments 
and for that reason was appointed by Governor Sharpe of 
Maryland one of the Commissioners in 1762, to supervise the 
work of the surveyors Mason and Dixon, in determining the 
boundary line between Pennsylvania and Maryland. Author 
of Observations of Transit of Venus, 1769. Naval officer of the 
Port of Oxford, 1766. High Sheriff of Talbot County, 1770. 
Surveyor General in 1790. He married 14 February 1726, 
Rachel Harrison, a Quakeress, the daughter of William Harri- 
son and Elizabeth Dickinson, who was the first cousin of Hon. 
John Dickinson of Philadelphia, the author of the Farmer's 
Letters, and of General Philemon Dickinson of Revolutionary 

Lucretia Leeds, the eldest daughter of Hon. John and Rachel 
(Harrison) Leeds, married in 1754, John Bozman. Their son 
Hon, John Leeds Bozman, was the first historian of Maryland. 
John Bozman was the son of Colonel Thomas Bozman and Mrs. 
Mary (Lowe) Allen-Glen, daughter of Colonel Nicholas Lowe, 
a native of Derbyshire, England. 

Rachel Leeds, the third daughter of Hon. John and Rachel 
(Harrison) Leeds, married in 1765, William Thomas, Jr., whose 
mother was Elizabeth Allen, daughter of the Rev. John Allen 
and Mary Lowe. 

As Hon. John Leeds left no sons there are no descendants of 
his bearing his name. 


The surname of Legh is purely Anglo-Saxon, in its origin, 
and its topographical character is well attested by the forms 
it takes on in the Hundred Rolls, 1274, and in the early Parlia- 
mentary Writs. These are "de la Legh," "de la Leye," *'de 
Legh," "de la Lea," "de la Lee." The name thus indicates 
that its original possessor lived "at the lea." The lea or ley 
was an open tract of untilled ground, either meadow or pasture. 
The ancestors of the noble family of Legh, which was the 
usual way of spelling for many generations, assumed their sur- 
name from the town of High Legh, Cheshire, where they were 
seated before the Conquest. A large number of peerage families 
of the present day, derive their descent from Lord Mayors 
of London; who though in some cases founders of their name 
or race, have in other cases been younger sons of families of 
gentle blood. These attracted by the impetus given to com- 
mercial enterprises temp. Henry viii, put themselves under the 
protection of some of the rich merchants of London. The 
family of Leigh of Stoneleigh Abbey, exemplified this fact. 

In ancient days, when the great Forest of Arden extended 
over Warwickshire, one of the few early Saxon settlements in 
the vale of Avon was Stonele, or "Stanlei," as it is called in 
Domesday Book. Until the reign of Henry ii, Stonele was 
owned by the King. In the first of his reign Henry ii, granted 
Stonele to a body of Cistercian Monks, who built Stoneley 
Abbey, near Kenilworth, Warwickshire, which was situated on 
an extensive plain rising gently from the Avon, that beautiful 
river, so closely connected with the name and fame of Shake- 

"Far from the sun and summer gale, 

In thy green lap was Nature's darling laid 

What time, where lucid Avon strayed, 

To him the mighty mother did unveil 

Her awful face; the dauntless child 

Stretched forth his little arms, and smiled." 



When the monasteries were suppressed by Henry viii, he granted 
the Abbey to his brother-in-law Charles Brandon, Duke of 
Suffolk, and it was finally purchased by Sir Thomas Leigh, who 
erected a mansion among the monastic buildings and partly 
on the site of the Abbey. 

Thomas Leigh was descended from Hamon de Legh of High 
Legh, Cheshire, temp. Henry ii, who was the great grandfather 
of Richard de Legh of High Legh, whose daughter Agnes de 
Legh, married first Richard de Lymm, and had a son, Thomas, 
who assumed the name of Legh and was ancestor of the Leighs 
of West Hall, High Legh. She married secondly William de 
Hawardyn; and thirdly William Venables, by whom she had 
a son, John, who took his mother's name. This John Legh 
was of Booths, Cheshire, whose son Robert Legh was the father 
of Sir Piers Legh, who in his youth served in the wars of France, 
and bore the standard of Edward, the Black Prince, at the 
battle of Crecy. He was a devoted adherent of Richard ii, 
and was beheaded at Chester in 1399, by command of the 
Duke of Lancaster, afterwards Henry iv. Sir Piers married in 
1388, Margaret, widow of Sir John Savage and daughter of 
Sir Thomas Dammery of Bradley, one of the most distinguished 
warriors at the battle of Crecy. He had two sons, Sir Piers 
Legh, created a Knight Banneret by Henry v, and slain at the 
battle of Agincourt, ancestors of the Leghs of Lyme, and 
John Legh of Ridge, grandfather of Roger Leigh of Rushall, 
the father of Thomas Leigh, who was a younger son and born 
about 1504. He was placed by his father under the care of 
Sir Rowland Hill, a rich merchant and Lord Mayor of London 
in 1549, who having no children of his own, bestowed upon 
him the hand of his niece Alice Barker, who inherited the 
greater part of his wealth. Thomas Leigh having become a 
rich man bought the old Abbey lands of Stoneley in Warwick- 
shire, which remained in the possession of his descendants and 
gradually acquired the name of Stoneleigh. He was Lord 
Mayor of London at the coronation of Queen Elizabeth in 1558, 
and rode before her Majesty, at her entry into the City to be 
proclaimed Queen at St. Paul's. In 1559, he was knighted by 
Queen EHzabeth. He died in London in 1571. 


His widow Alice survived him thirty-two years. She resided 
at Stoneleigh Abbey, and founded an hospital for five poor 
men and five poor women, which exists to this day in the 
village of Stoneley. Sir Thomas Leigh left three sons, Row- 
land, Thomas and William Leigh. 

Sir Thomas Leigh, the second son, to whom was left Stoneley 
Abbey, was knighted in 1595, and created a Baronet in 16n. 
He married Katherine, fourth daughter of Sir John Spencer, 
Knt., of Wormleighton, Warwickshire, and Althorp, Northamp- 
tonshire, the ancestor of the Dukes of Marlborough and of 
the Earls Spencer. 

They had several children, of whom Alice Leigh,* their only 
daughter, was wedded to Sir Robert Dudley, Knt., son of the 
Earl of Leicester, the favorite of Queen Elizabeth. She was 
afterwards created Duchess of Dudley for life, and died at the 
age of ninety, in 1669. Her monument is pictured in Dugdale's 
Warwickshire, with the inscription thereon and a long list of 
her benefactions. 

Sir John Leigh, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Leigh and his 
wife, Katherine Spencer, married Ursula, daughter of Sir Chris- 
topher Hoddesdon, and died in his father's lifetime leaving a 
son, Sir Thomas Leigh, 1st Lord Leigh, who was created Baron 
Leigh of Stoneleigh in 1643. He married Mary, daughter of 
Sir Thomas Egerton, eldest son of Lord Chancellor Ellesmere, 
and died in 1672. They had five sons and four daughters; 
John, who died young; Thomas, who died in his father's life- 
time in 1662, and whose son Thomas succeeded; Charles who 
died in 1704, without issue; Christopher, the asserted ancestor 
of the claimant to the title, one George Leigh; and Ferdinand 
Leigh, who died unmarried. Their four daughters were Mary, 
Alice, Katherine and Winifred Leigh. 

* Alice Leigh, Duchess Dudley, was named after her aunt, Alice 
(Spencer) Countess of Derby, the friend and patroness of both Spenser 
and Milton. The Duchess Dudley lived near St. Giles' Church, Stone- 
ley. In her will, she allowed a yearly stipend to the Sexton of the 
Church, "to tole the great Bell when the prisoners condemned to die 
shall be passing by, and to ring out after they shall be executed." 


Thomas, 2nd Lord Leigh, the grandson, died in 1710. His 
son Edward, 3rd Lord Leigh, died in 1737, leaving a son Thomas, 
4th Lord Leigh, who died in 1749, whose son Edward, 5th 
Lord Leigh, died unmarried in 1786, who devised his estates, 
after the death of his sister Mary, (who died unmarried in 1806), 
to his nearest kindred of his name and blood; the male descend- 
ants of the 1st Lord Leigh having become extinct, consequently 
the Stoneleigh estates devolved upon James Henry Leigh of 
Adelstrop, a descendant of Rowland Leigh, the eldest son of 
Sir Thomas Leigh, Lord Mayor of London. George Leigh, 
who claimed to be a descendant of Christopher Leigh, the 
fourth son of Thomas, 1st Lord Leigh, asserted his right to the 
title and estates, but the case was decided against him in 1829. 

Rowland Leigh, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Leigh, Lord 
Mayor of London, to whom was devised the estate of Adel- 
strop, Gloucestershire, married first Margery, daughter of Thom- 
as Lowe, by whom he had an only daughter Elizabeth. He mar- 
ried secondly Catherine, daughter of Sir Richard Berkeley, 
Knt., of Gloucestershire, by whom he had a son William Leigh, 
whose grandson Theophilus Leigh, married in 1687, the Hon. 
Mary Brydges, daughter of James, 8th Lord Chandos, whose 
grandson James Leigh, married in 1755, Lady Caroline Brydges, 
eldest daughter of Henry Duke of Chandos, and directly de- 
scended from the Princess Mary, sister of Henry viii, whose 
son James Henry Leigh, inherited the Stoneleigh estate, upon 
the death in 1806, of Mary Leigh, the sister of Edward, 5th 
Lord Leigh of Stoneleigh. 

Chandos Leigh, 1st Lord Leigh, of Stoneleigh, born in 1791, 
the eldest son of James Henry Leigh, was created Baron Leigh 
of Stoneleigh 11 May 1839, being the new creation, and whose 
descendants now live at Stoneleigh Abbey. 

William Leigh, the youngest son of Sir Thomas Leigh, Lord 
Mayor of London, who inherited Newnham-Regis, Warwick- 
shire, married Frances, daughter of Sir James Harrington of 
Rutland, and was succeeded by his son Francis Leigh, K. B., 
Member of Parliament from Warwickshire, temp. Chas. i, who 
married the Hon. Mary Egerton, daughter of Thomas Egerton, 


Lord Chancellor of England, created Lord Ellesmere, and was 
succeeded by his son and heir Sir Francis Leigh, created a 
Baronet in 1618, and ten years later was elevated to the Peerage 
as Baron Dunsmore of Dunsmore, Warwickshire, and created 
Earl of Chichester in 1644, and died in 1653. He married first 
Susan, daughter of Richard Norman, Esq., who had no issue, 
and secondly Audrey, daughter of John, Baron Butler of Bram- 
field. He died in 1653, leaving two daughters, Elizabeth sec- 
ond wife of Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton, 
and Mary, wife of George Villiers, 4th Viscount Grandison, 
whose grandaughter married Robert Pitt, and was the mother 
of the great William Pitt, the 1st Earl of Chatham. The 
earldom devolved according to a special limitation, upon Leigh's 
son-in-law the Earl of Southampton and the barony of Duns- 
more, together with the Baronetcy, became extinct. 

The first person of the name of Leigh who came to the Prov- 
ince of Maryland, was Francis Leigh, who was a witness to the 
will of George Bussey in 1668. He was living on Patuxent 
River, Calvert County, 8 November 1676, when he made his 
will, in which he bequeathed personal property to Bazil Waring, 
Charles Harrington and Henry Glasscock, Francis Leigh evi- 
dently owned no real estate and was unmarried. Jared Leigh 
and Ann Leigh came respectively in 1674 and 1679. Somewhat 
later, the exact date unknown, John Leigh, the founder of the 
family in St. Mary's County, and who it is said belonged to 
the Leighs of Stoneleigh Abbey, Warwickshire, England, ar- 
rived in the Province. Being a younger son, John Leigh had 
been placed in the British Navy. His ship was ordered to 
America, and while here he met at a dance given to the officers, 
a Miss Guyther, with whom he fell in love and married in 
spite of the opposition of his parents, who, it is said, never 
forgave him. He resigned his commission in the navy and 
settled in America. 

John Leigh was one of the Justices of St. Mary's County, 
1726-1736, (Commission Book), in which latter year he died. 
In his will dated 8 July 1736, and probated 15 October 1736, 
(Annapolis Wills Liber 21, page 715), he mentions his sons 


John, George, Joseph, Massey and William Leigh, his eldest 
daughter Mrs. Margaret Brooke, and his wife Dorothy Leigh. 

His second son George Leigh married a Miss Howell. They 
had a large family, of whom their eldest son George Howell 
Leigh married Miss Anne Chilton of Virginia. Their only son 
and child John Leigh was born 7 March 1774. He entered St. 
John's College, Annapolis, Md., 11 April 1791, and left 11 
March 1793. He married first Anne Thomas and secondly 
Lucretia Leeds Thomas, both daughters of William Thomas, Jr., 
and Rachel Leeds, his wife, daughter of Hon. John Leeds, of 
Talbot County. (See Thomas Family.) 

John Leigh was a Member of the House of Delegates, 1797- 
1800, 1805-1806. State Senator, 1816-1821. His son George 
Singleton Leigh was a Member of the House of Delegates, 1822- 
1823. There are no male descendants of John Leigh, the origi- 
nal settler, now living, George Howell Leigh and Arthur Kerr 
Leigh, the only surviving sons of George Singleton Leigh, having 
died in their early manhood, respectively in 1866 and 1865, 
Arthur Kerr Leigh (1835-1865), was a gallant and brave officer 
in the Confederate Army, during the Civil War, serving on 
the staff of Major General John B. Magruder, and command- 
ing the left wing of his regiment at the battle of Corinth, in 
1862, where he lost a leg. He died, at his post of duty, in 
Galveston, Texas, in 1865. 


The Goldsborough family is one of the most ancient families 
of Great Britain, and one which the Conqueror found in Eng- 
land at the Conquest, and later was frequently honored with 
the order of Knighthood. Its origin was undoubtedly Saxon, 
the surname being derived from the manor of Godenesburg,* 
West Riding, Yorkshire, which at the time of the Domesday 
Survey was in the possession of Ralph Paganel, who belonged 
to a great baronial family in Normandy, and who obtained 
from William the Conqueror the entire estate of Merlesuan, 
a noble Saxon, which included ten or more manors in York- 
shire, on the rivers Aire, Ouse and Nidd. In charters of Edward 
the Confessor and William the Conqueror, Merlesuan signs 
himself vice comes, and in this official character as one of those 
who had engaged to forward forces to the aid of Harold. 

The manor of Godenesburg afterwards came into the pos- 
session of the de Goldesburghs, who held it and made it their 
home for more than four centuries. It was situated in the 
pleasant valley of the Nidd, so full of romantic charm, pictur- 
esque beauty and varied scenery. It is about two and a half 
miles from Knaresborough Castle, now in ruins. 

In The Itinerary of John Leland, 37 Henry viii, the author 
says, "The Castel stondeth magnificently and strongely on a 
Rok, and hath a very deep diche, hewing out of the Rok, wher 
it is not defendid with the Ryver of Nidde that ther reunith 
in a deade stony Botom." 

"See where Knaresbro's castled towers 

O'erlook the vale below, 
But on the mould' ring turret is 
Seen neither sling nor bow. 

* Domesday Yorkshire. Rev. William Bawdwen, 1809. Victoria His- 
tory of the Counties of England {Yorkshire), 1907. 



No more its knights ride proudly forth 

With plumage dancing high; 
While armed vassals in the rear 

Ring out their battle-cry." 

Speight in his, Nidderdale and the Garden of the Nidd, 
1894, says: "Almost the whole of the beautiful garden — like 
territory of the lower Nidd, as well as that embraced by the 
townships of Goldsborough, Plumpton, Little Ribston, the two 
Deightons and Spofforth, have at some period belonged to those 
hardy and illustrious knights, who fighting for the faith of the 
Cross, freely gave their lands or contributed in other ways 
towards maintaining the costly pilgrimages and wars against 
the infidels in the East. The monumental effigies of some of 
these old Knight Crusaders, carved in the armour of the period, 
still exist in most of the Churches of this Yorkshire Holy Land. 
Goldsborough possesses two such monuments of this eventful 
era of the Holy Wars." 

The Knights Templars were a powerful order called into 
existence by the zeal of the Crusaders for the defence of the 
Holy Sepulchre and the protection of Christian pilgrims. The 
order originated in 1118, in Jerusalem by nine Knights, and 
the headquarters were first established in a house near the 
Temple of the Jews. From this circumstance they took the 
name of Templars or Knights Templars. Thus Spenser speaks 
in his Fairie Queene, of the Knight. 

And on his brest a bloodie crosse he bore, 
The deare remembrance of his dying Lord, 

For whose sweet sake that glorious badge he wore, 
And dead, as living, ever him adored; 
Upon his shield the like was also scored. 

On occasions of active warfare they wore a scarlet mantle, 
with a white cross displayed on the right shoulder. 

The first of the family known who bore the surname, vari- 
ously spelt at different periods, was Richard de Goldesburgh, 
temp. Henry ii, who was a witness with others, to the deed 
of Agatha Trussebut, to the Ribston Preceptory in 1217. His son 


Richard de Goldesburgh obtained a grant of free warren, 53 
Henry iii, in all his demesne lands of Goldesburgh, and in 1292, 
was summoned to answer King Edw. i, by what warrant he 
and his heirs claimed to have free warren in the said lands, 
which warrant the said Richard de Goldesburgh produced. 
Robert de Goldesburg and Isabel, his wife, daughter of Walter 
de Tatham and sister of Sir John de Tatham, lord of Tatham 
and Ireby, were living in 1297. 

Speight, in his Lower Wharfedale* History, Antiquities and 
Scenery of the Picturesque Valley of the Wharfe, 1902, says: 
"Among the Wentworth muniments at Woolley Park, there is 
a deed dated on the Feast of the Invention of the Holy Cross, 
(May 3, 1298), temp, Edw. i, whereby John called Russelle, 
Vicar of the Church at Knaresborough, leased to Sir Richard 
de Goldesburgh, Knt. all the land, with the appurtenances, 
which the said John had in the town and territory of Pouel 
(Pool) of the demise of the Prioress and Convent of Arthing- 
ton." This Sir Richard de Goldesburgh was summoned to 
perform Military Service in person against the Scots, 29 Edw. 
1 , 1 30 1 . (Parliamentary Writs and Writs of Military Summons) . 
He left a son John de Goldesburgh, who acquired in the reign 
of Edw. i, or early in the reign of his successor, from John de 
Stockeld, the manor of Stockeld. The witnesses to this deed 
were Sir Richard de Goldesburgh (son and heir of John), Sir 
John Mauleverer, Sir Robert de Plumpton and others. Sir 
Richard de Goldesburgh succeeded his father John, in the es- 
tates of Goldesburgh and Stockeld. 

* In Lower Wharfedale were the homes of the Fairfaxes, at "Denton" 
and "Nun Appleton," descendants of whom are living now in Maryland 
and Virginia; here lived the ancestors of the poet Longfellow, and the 
family whence Thackeray sprang; the forefathers of the gentle singer 
and beloved Bishop Reginald Heber dwelt in their castle there, and 
sleep now under the pavement of the parish Church at Ilkley. 

"Thine, Heber thine! whose memory from the dead, 
Shines as the star which to the Savior led." 

and not far away at Haworth, across the moors, the Bront6's lived and 


(Sir) Richard de Goldesburgh* and William de Hebbeden 
were King's Commissioners to collect the escuage or scutage 
due to Edw. i, temp. 10 Edw. ii, (1317). The escuage or scutage 
was a duty or service arising out of Baronies and Knights' fees. 
(History and Antiquities of the Exchequer. T. Maddox, 1769). 

Speight says, "The Goldesburgh family was the principal 
residential family at Creskeld for many years. Sir Richard de 
Goldesburgh was living there in 1354, but the poll tax of 1378, 
shows that no one of the name of de Goldesburgh was then 
resident in the township, the head of the house was then living 
at his manor of Goldesburgh, near Knaresborough." 

In the. Calendar of Inquisitions, temp., Edw. ii. Vol. 5, is 
this entry: "Casteley, 1 Carucate land, whereof 12 make a 
fee, held by Richard de Goldesburgh by service of 2s, and a 
pair of gilt spurs yearly." And in the Catalogue of Ancient 
Deeds in the Public Record Office, Vol. 5, is the following, "Feoff- 
ment by Lawrence de Preston, Knt. to Sir Thomas de Goldes- 
bourg, rector of the Church of Holebech of his manor of Gretton 
with bondmen, and also of all his lands, etc., in the town of 
Boketon, with the advowson of the church of the same town." 

The family, however, held estates in other parts of England 
for at an inquisition in 1302, Sir Richard de Goldesburgh held 
the greater part of the fee which Edelina de Hanworth had 
held in 1243, and it is known from an inquisition in 1387, that 
the property included the manor of Potter Hanworth, in Lin- 
colnshire. Sir Richard de Goldesburgh obtained this manor 
and a small living Thrugarton Priory, through his wife Alesia 

* "1314. Ricardus de Goldesburgh summoned to perform Military 
Service in person against the Scots. Muster at New Castle-upon-Tyne 
on the feast of the Assumption. 15 Aug. 8 Edw. ii." 

"1318. Ricardus de Goldesburgh, holding lands beyond the Trent, 
empowered to raise and arm all his men and tenants, 16 Dec. 12 Edw. ii. 

"1324. Ricardus Goldesburgh, Knight, returned by the Sheriff of 
the County of York, pursuant to writ tested at Westminster 9 May, as 
summoned by general proclamation to attend the great Council at West- 
minster, on Wednesday next after Ascension Day, 30 May, 17 Edw. 
ii." {Parliamentary Writs and Writs of Military Summons, by Sir Francis 
Palgrave. 1834.) 


de Marton, daughter and heiress of Philip de Marton in 1293. 
The manor of Potter Hanworth remained in the family cer- 
tainly until 1582, at which time Edward Goldesburgh was liv- 
ing there. 

A Sir John de Goldesborough is very kindly mentioned by 
Barnes, in his History of Edward in, and the Prince of Wales, 
sirnamed the Black Prince,* 1688, who, after describing the vic- 
tory in the sea fight with the Spanish fleet off the coasts of 
Winchelsea about Rye, Sussex, on 29 August 1350, near the 
hour of Mattins, says: "But this Honour the King thought too 
dearly bought with the Life of Sir John Goldesborough, \ a young 
Knight of great Valour, of comely Shape and noble Deport- 
ment, who died in this Engagement, and was much lamented 
by the King and his Son the Prince of "Wales, to whom he was 
always very Dear, upon the account of his extraordinary Qual- 
ities, and almost equal Age and Conformity of Will and Inclina- 
tion. His Loss King Edward having endeavoured to repair 
by Advancing no less than fourscore young Gentlemen, who 
performed best in the Fight, to the Honour of Knighthood." 

Sir Richard Goldesburgh, of Goldesborough Hall, eldest son 
of Sir Richard Goldesburgh and Elizabeth, daughter of Sir 
Richard Norton, married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Henry 
Vavasour of Hazlewood Castle, Yorkshire, said to be descended 
from Mauger le Vavasour, mentioned in Domesday Book and 
of Norman extraction, who obtained from Henry i, the grant 
of Hazlewood and of extensive lands in Yorkshire, and became 
extinct in the male line in 1826, through the death unmarried 
of Sir Thomas Vavasour of Hazlewood Castle, although there 
are Vavasours now living in Yorkshire, of another branch of 
the family. 

On the south side of St. Mary's Church, Goldesburgh, (now 
Goldsborough), of which as early as A. D. 1346, Anthony de 

* The name of Black Prince is supposed to have been derived from 
his wearing black armour. He was one of the original Knights of the 

t Stowe says that "Edward returned triumphant, but bewailing the 
loss of Sir Richard Goldesborough." (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles, 
note, page 96.) 


Goldesburge was Rector, there is a large altar tomb, without 
figures, beneath a spacious arch of early Tudor age. It is a 
memorial to thirteen sons and daughters of Sir Richard Goldes- 
burgh and Elizabeth Vavasour, his wife.* The arms of Vavasour 
are thrice repeated on the archway; likewise the arms of Goldes- 
burgh. The names of the children are inscribed on the sides 
of the tomb as follows: Southside, Richard, (died 1508), Thomas, 
Edward, John, Peter, George. Northside, Jane, Maude, Eliza- 
beth, Nycolaa, Inet, Alys, Anne. Under each name are the 
arms of Goldesburgh and beneath that of Richard those of 
Ingilby appear in addition. Thomas, Edward, John and Peter 
are said to have died without issue. Of the daughters Jane, 
Alys and Anne were nuns. Elizabeth married a Scarborowe of 
Craven and next Robert Redman. Maude married Henry Ar- 
thington,t in 1485. Nycolaa died without issue. Inet mar- 
ried a Holme and George Goldesburgh, of whom hereafter. 
Sir Richard Goldesburgh, the eldest son, who died in 1508, 
married in 1482, Anne, daughter of Sir William Ingilbyl, 

* Speight, in his Nidderdale and the Garden of the Nidd, says, 
"Glover (see Foster's Visitation of Yorkshire, 1584-1612), makes it ap- 
pear that the whole of the sons named on the tomb, besides a son, 
Nicholas (on the tomb Nycolaa), and the daughters, Elizabeth and 
Maude, were the children of an earlier generation, viz. of Richard 
Goldesborough, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Richard Norton. 
This portion of the pedigree is inaccurate." 

t The Arthingtons were an old and prominent family from the very 
earliest times. In August 1485, Henry Arthington married Maude, 
daughter and co-heiress of Sir Richard Goldesborough. One of their 
descendants Hon. Henry Arthington, Member of Parliament in 1645, 
from Pontefract, Yorkshire, and from Ripon in 1660, married Mary 
Fairfax, daughter of Ferdinando, 2nd Lord Fairfax, and the sister of 
Thomas, 3rd Lord Fairfax of "Denton," Yorkshire, the Parliamentary 
General. The Arthingtons also intermarried with the Ingilbys of 
Ripley Castle. 

X The Ingilbys were of Scandinavian origin, seated for a long time 
in Lincolnshire. In 1330, Sir Thomas de Ingilby married Edeline de 
Ripley, daughter and sole heiress of the last male heir of Ripley Castle, 
Yorkshire. From that time to the present day, the manor of Ripley 
has been held by the family of Ingilby, a period of 583 years, and during 
that period they have held a distinguished place in English history, 


Knt. of Ripley Castle, Yorkshire, leaving at least two sons, 
Thomas and George Goldesburgh. {The Visitation of York- 
shire, 1564, Harleian Society Publications, Vol. 16.) 

In the Surtees Society Publications, Vol. 26, there is published 
a number of Wills in the Archdeanery of Richmondshire, among 
them one of the said Thomas Goldesburgh of Goldesburgh, 
Yorkshire, dated 18 April 1566. He was then the head of the 
ancient family of Goldesburgh of Goldesburgh, and married 
Jane Boynton, daughter of Thomas and Cecily Boynton, to 
marry whom, being related in the 3 and 4 degree, he received 
a dispensation from the Papal Prothonotary. To his eldest 
son Richard, his son William having pre-deceased him, he left 
the manor of Goldesburgh, in "the countie of York, and the 
manor of Potter Hanworth in the countie of Lyncolne," besides 
other property in Goldesburgh, Creskeld, Casteley, Kexburgh 
and Browbrigg. He mentions his son Rauf , his daughters Anne, 
Johan and Cecile, his brother Edward, his daughter Eleanor, 
who married Richard Aldburgh, Esq., the head of one of the 
most considerable of the Yorkshire families, and his uncle 
George Goldesburgh, who died in 1578, leaving four children 
Richard, Edward, Ellen and Mary. In 1582, Richard Goldes- 
burgh was settled in Essex and Edward Goldesburgh in Potter 

The last male heir of this family, who lived at Goldesburgh 
(Goldesborough Hall), accordingto Speight, was Richard Goldes- 
burgh, who died about 1610, the son of Thomas and Jane 
(Boynton) Goldesburgh, whose eldest son WiUiam (who died 
in the lifetime of his father) married and left an only daughter 
Anne who was wedded to Edmond Kighley of New Hall, Otley, 
Yorkshire, and who eventually came into the possession of 
Goldesburgh. The son of this match was Lawrence Kighley, 
born in 1586, who married Clare, daughter of Sir Francis Bail- 
don. Edmond Kighley, shortly before his death, sold the whole 

were conspicuous in the Wars of the Roses, the wars with France and 
Scotland, and the unhappy turmoils of Charles i. 

The father of Eugene Aram, celebrated by the romance of Lord 
Lytton, was a gardener at Ripley Castle. 


of his inheritance at Goldesburgh, including the advowson of 
Goldesburgh Church, to Richard Hutton, Esq. sergeant-at-law, 
in 1601. Richard Hutton, the purchaser of the Goldesburgh 
estate was a Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, in the 
reign of James i, and built the fine old mansion "Goldesborough 
Hall," soon after he acquired the property in the reign of Queen 
Elizabeth, in place of the one which had been destroyed in 

St. Mary's Church, Goldesburgh, is an ancient building in 
the early English style, containing a clock and three bells one of 
which is dated 1407. It also contains two full length effigies of 
the de Goldesburghs represented in complete Crusading panoply 
and are amongst the most perfect and magnificent examples of 
the kind in England. 

In Yorkshire Church Notes by Roger Dodsworth (1619-1631.) 
pubUshed by The Yorkshire Archaeological Society, Vol. 34, is 
the following interesting record, "In the book of the church- 
wardens' accomptes, 1580, thes wordes; This yere the great 
bell was cast againe because she was crackt, and the scription 
that was on her before was sett on hir againe, which is thus, 


Itt is thought to be above 200 yere since the first casting 

Dodsworth further says: "Goldesborough, 18 Octobris 1620. 
South window of the quyer, under the window ther is a mon 
ument (effigy) of a knight cross-leg'd armed all over with a 
coate of maile, and a cassock all over girded to him with his 
sword girdle, on his sheild Goldsbrugh crosse. They say he 
was called Sir Richard and that ther haith beene 13 Richards, 
knights, of this family." 

This recumbent figure of stone, of Sir Richard de Goldesburgh 
is laid upon an altar tomb, temp. Edw. ii, (1307-1327). The 
knight is attired in a complete suit of ring-mail, the feet Ue to 


the east and against a lion couchaiit. The hands are raised 
in supplication. The left leg is crossed above the right. The 
other apparently older effigy is beneath an elegant canoply, 
the knight cross-leg' d in mail, with a sword and cassock. 

"Wai'iior! whose image on thy tomb, 
With shield and crested head, 
Sleeps proudly in the purple gloom 
By the stained window shed; 
The records of thy name and race 
Have faded from the stone, 
Yet, through a cloud of years I trace 
What thou hast been and done." 

At different periods members of the de Goldesburgh or Golds- 
borough family have held high offices in the Church and State. 
Rev. Thomas de Goldesburg was Archdeacon of Durham, in 
1333. Rev. Anton de Goldesburgh was Rector of the Parish 
Church of Irtlingborough, Northamptonshire, in 1348. Sir 
John de Goldesburgh was Speaker of the House of Commons, 
1380-1381, being a Member of Parliament from Essex. John 
de Goldesburgh was Prior of Marton Priory, Yorkshire, 1436- 
1439, founded temj). Henry ii, for Augustine Canons. Maude 
de Goldesburgh was Prioress of Nun Monkton Priory, York- 
shire, 1421-1437, two of her predecessors being Isabel de Neville 
in 1376, and Margaret Fairfax in 1394. The Priory was founded 
temp. Stephen for Benedictine Nuns. (Dugdale's Monasticon.) 

In the little rural village of Bilton, Yorkshire, is Bilton 
Church, and in the aisle of the choir lies the effigy of Ideania, 
a nun of Sinningthwaite. The Priory of Sinningthwaite was 
founded about 1160, by Bertram Haget for Cistercian Nuns. 
Dom°^ Anne Goldesburgh was Prioress of Sinningthwaite Priory 

"Her hopes, her fears, her joys were all 
Bounded within the cloister wall, 
The poor her Convent's bounty blest, 
The pilgrim in its halls found rest." 


Hon. Edward Goldsborough was made third Baron of the 
Exchequer,* 26 June 1483, te?np. Richard iii. He was con- 
tinued in his place by Henry vii, who made him Second Baron, 
8 December 1488. His daughter EUzabeth Goldsborough mar- 
ried Sir John Gower, the ancestor of the Duke of Sutherland 
and Marquis of Stafford. (Brydges ColUns' Peerage, Vol 12). 
Sir John Gower was a descendant of John Gower, the poet, 
one of the most accomplished men of his time, and a personal 
friend of Chaucer, who dedicated to him his Troilus and Creseide. 
Hon. Thomas Goldsborough, the brother of Edward, was also 
one of the Barons of the Exchequer in 1489. His son Richard 
married Alice, the daughter of Sir William Plumpton. 

Rev. Godfrey Goldsborough, D.D. Bishop of Gloucester, was 
born in Cambridge, Oxfordshire, in 1548, and where some of 
his surname and relations remained as late as the year 1840. 
Educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, Canon of Hereford, 
consecrated Bishop of Gloucester, 12 November 1598, by the 
Archbishop of Canterbury, at the Archbishop's Palace at Lam- 
beth. He died 26 May 1604, and was buried in the Cathedral 
at Gloucester, where there is a handsome altar-tomb, with his 
recumbent effigy attired in a scarlet rochet, and a latin inscrip- 
tion in capitals. 

Rev. Nicholas Goldsborough B.A., a graduate of Oxford, was 
Rector of Norton, Kent, in 1581; and Rev. William Goldes- 
borough was Vicar of Stinsford, in the county of Dorset, in 1618. 

In The Visitation of the County of Essex, 1664-1668, by Sir 
Edward Bysshe, Knt., Clarencieux King of Arms, edited by 
J. J. Howard, LL.D., 1888, there is pubhshed the pedigree of 
"Thomas Gouldesburgh of Chipping-Onger in com. Essex, 
Gent. 1664." who was doubtless the elder brother of Nicholas 
Gouldesburgh, or Goldsborough, who emigrated to the Province 
of Maryland, in 1669, both being the sons of Robert Gouldes- 

* The Court of Exchequer is one of the four great Courts of the King- 
dom of Great Britain, and is so named from a chequered cloth which 
anciently covered the table, where the Judges and chief officers sat. 
This Court was first erected by William the Conqueror. 


burgh of Chesselborne in com. Dorset, and his wife Ann, daugh- 
ter of Henry Arnold of Milton-Abbas, in com. Dorset, Gent, 
and according to the pedigree grandsons of Thomas Gouldes- 
burgh of Gouldesburgh in com. York. 

Thomas Gouldesburgh of Gouldesburgh, county York, who 
married Jane Boynton, mentions no son Robert, in his will 
dated 18 April, 1566; neither is he mentioned among her 
grandsons, by Cecily Boynton, the mother of Jane (Boynton) 
Gouldesburgh, in her will dated 16 June, 1550. {Surtees 
Society Publications, Vol. 106). 

Robert Gouldesburgh of Chesselborne, county Dorset, was 
probably the third son of Thomas Gouldesburgh's first cousin 
Richard Gouldesburgh, living in Essex in 1582, who was the 
son of George Gouldesburgh (died 1578), and his wife Miss 
Fetherstonhaugh, the youngest son of Sir Richard Gouldesburgh 
and Elizabeth, his wife, daughter of Sir Henry Vavasour of 
Hazlewood Castle, Yorkshire. 

The Visitation of Yorkshire, 1563-64, Harleian Society Pub- 
lications, Vol. 106, Foster's Visitation of Yorkshire, 1584-5, 
and 1612. 

Thomas Gouldesburgh (the younger), purchased from Sir 
William Whitmore the manor of Chipping-Onger,* and went 
there to reside. (Morant's Essex, Vol. 1 page 129). He mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of William Alexander, Gent, of London, 
and at the time of The Visitation in 1664, he then had two 
daughters Elizabeth, who afterwards married Richard Turner 
Esq. Barrister at Law, of the Inner Temple, London, and Ann, 
and an infant son Thomas Gouldesburgh. 

Nicholas Gouldesburgh, or Goldsborough, his younger brother, 
was born at Melcombe-Regis, near Weymouth, in County 
Dorset, ten or twelve miles from Chesselborne, in or about 1640 
or 1641. He married in 1659, at Blandford, in the county of 

* This manor was originally called Onger ad Castrum, from a Castle 
built there by Richard de Lucy, Justice of England in 1162, and Lieu- 
tenant of the Kingdom during the King's absence in Normandy in 
1166. This Castle was demolished in 1744, and a large and handsome 
house erected on the site. 


Dorset, Margaret Howes, the only daughter of Abraham Howes, 
the son of William Howes, of Newbury, in the county of Berks. 
Nicholas Goldsborough left England in 1669, and went to Bar- 
badoes, thence to New England, and finally settled on Kent 
Island, in the Province of Maryland, where he died early in 
1670. His eldest son Robert came to Maryland in 1677, his 
second son Nicholas in 1678, and his daughter Judith in 1679. 
His widow Margaret, married secondly George Robins. 
Among the prominent members of this family were: 

ROBERT GOLDSBOROUGH of "Ashby," 1660-1746. At- 
torney for the Government, 1689. Justice of Talbot County, 
1696. Chief Justice, 1699-1706. Attorney for the Queen, 
1706. Burgess, 1704-1707. Justice, 1719-1729. Justice of 
the Assizes, 1729. Chief Justice, 1730-1733. 

NICHOLAS GOLDSBOROUGH, 16627-1705. Deputy Sher- 
iff of Talbot County, 1689. Justice, 1705. 

NICHOLAS GOLDSBOROUGH, 1687-1766. Justice of 
Talbot County, 1720-1735. Justice of the Assizes, 1729. Bur- 
gess, 1725-1727, 1732-1751. 

ROBERT GOLDSBOROUGH of "Myrtle Grove," 1704- 
1777. Justice of Talbot County, 1734-1741, 1749-1766. 

CHARLES GOLDSBOROUGH, 1707-1767. Clerk of Dor- 
chester County, 1728, 1732-1738. Burgess, 1751-1756, 1758- 
1763. Commissary General, 1764-1766. Member of Council, 

WILLIAM GOLt^SBOROUGH, 1709-1760. Member of 
Council, 1755-1762. Judge of the Admiralty Court. 

JOHN GOLDSBOROUGH, of "Four Square," 1711-1778. 
Sheriff of Talbot County, 1736-1739. Burgess, 1742-1770. 
Justice, 1741-1748, 1752-1773. Deputy Commissary, 1771- 

HOWES GOLDSBOROUGH, 1715-1746. Clerk of Dor- 
chester County, 1738-1745. 


ROBERT GOLDSBOROUGH, 3rd, 1733-1788. Burgess for 
Dorchester County, 1765-1766. Provincial Convention, 1774. 
Delegate to Continental Congress, 1774-1775. Member Coun- 
cil of Safety, 1775. Member Constitutional Convention, 1776. 
State Senator, 1777-1783. Member of Convention to ratify 
the Constitution of the United States, 1788. 

ROBERT GOLDSBOROUGH, 4th, 1740-1798. Attorney 
General, 1766-1771. Provincial Convention, 1774. House of 
Delegates from Talbot County, 1778-1779. Associate Judge 
of General Court, 1784-1798. 

JOHN GOLDSBOROUGH, 1740-1803. Justice of Dorches- 
ter County, 1766-1773, 1783. Register of Wills, 1785-1795. 

HOWES GOLDSBOROUGH, 1747-1797. Justice of Talbot 
County, 1779-1782. Judge of Orphan's Court, 1780-1783. 
House of Delegates, 1777-1779, 1781, 1785. 

WILLIAM GOLDSBOROUGH, 1762-1826. Member, Md. 
House of Delegates, 1790-1792. 

CHARLES GOLDSBOROUGH, 1765-1834. State Senator 
from Dorchester County, 1791-1795, 1799-1801. House of 
Delegates, 1797, 1801-1803. Member of Congress, 1805-1817. 
Governor of Maryland, 1818-1819. 

DR. RICHARD GOLDSBOROUGH, 1768-1815. House of 
Delegates from Dorchester County, 1796, 1799, 1800. Justice, 

of Delegates from Talbot County, 1804, 1825. United States 
Senator, 1813-1819, 1835-1836. Presidential Elector (Jack- 
son), 1833. 

BRICE JOHN GOLDSBOROUGH, 1803-1867. House of 
Delegates from Dorchester County, 1826-1829. Judge 4th 
Judicial District, 1836. Judge Court of Appeals, 1860-1867. 

Lieutenant U. S. Navy, 1825, Commander, 1841. Rear Ad- 
miral, 1862. 


tenant U. S. Navy, 1837. Commander, 1855, Captain 1862. 
Commodore, 1867. 

State Senator from Dorchester County, 1837, 1839-1842, 1850- 
1853. Member Peace Convention, 1860-1861. Constitutional 
Convention, 1867. 

Member Md. House of Delegates, 1857-1858. State Senator, 
1860-1863. Comptroller, 1863. President Constitutional Con- 
vention, 1867. Judge 11th Judicial District, 1864-1867. 

States Attorney of Dorchester County, 1857-1860, 1861-1862. 
State Senator, 1859-1862. Judge 1st Judicial District, 1879- 


Assistant Paymaster U. S. Navy, 1864. Paymaster, 1866. Pay- 
Inspector, 1891. 

torney, of Dorchester County, 1891-1897. Comptroller, 1898- 
1900. Collector Internal Revenue, 1902. Governor of Mary- 
land, 1912 — — . 

It is interesting to know that ''Ashby," the original home- 
stead of the eldest branch of the family on Miles River, and 
also "Myrtle Grove," not far away, is in the possession of 
Charles Goldsborough, the oldest male descendant of the eldest 
son of Robert Goldsborough, the settler; the son of William 
Goldsborough of "Myrtle Grove," and grandson of Hon. Robert 
Henry Goldsborough, twice United States Senator, and one of 
the most polished men of his day. 

Mr. Charles Goldsborough is a worthy successor of a long 
line of Goldsboroughs, who, from the time of the arrival of 
Robert and Nicholas Goldsborough, in the Province of Mary- 
land in the latter part of the seventeenth century, to the present 
day, have been most prominent in political, professional and 
social life. 


The Dickinson family, according to Thoresby, in his Ducatus 
Leodiensis, 1714, was originally a Yorkshire family, although 
they were numerous in Lancashire, Cimiberland, Northumber- 
land and other parts of Northern England. The surname was 
doubtless derived from "Diccon," the Norman nursename of 
Richard and which was very popular among the English peas- 
antry as early as the twelfth century. Diccon has been cor- 
rupted into Diggon and changed into Dickon, Dicken and 
Dickin, or Dicconson, Dickonson, Dickenson and Dickinson. 

Edmund Spenser begins one of his pastorals, thus : 

Diggon Davie, I bid her "Good-day," 
Or Diggon her is, or I missay. 

And Shakespeare in King Richard iii, Act 5, Scene 3. says: 

Jocky of Norfolk, be not too bold; 

For Dickon thy master is bought and sold. 

In the Hundred Merry Tales, (first pubUshed about 1525), 
there is an anecdote of a rustic from the North of England, who, 
as Richard iii, 1483-1485, was reviewing some troops, near 
London, stepped out of the ranks and clapping the Monarch 
upon the shoulder, said, "Diccon, Diccon! by the miS; ays 
blith that thaust Kyng" (Dick, Dick! by the mass I'm glad 
that thou art King). (Lower's Patronymica Britannica. 
Bardsley's English Surnames.) 

The surname of Dicconson, Diconson, Dikonson, Dickonson, 
Dickson, Dickeson, Dickenson and Dickinson appear very early 
in the Yorkshire records. 

Thomas Dikonson was Burgess of Kynegeston, Yorkshire, 
in 1447. Thomas Diconson was one of the Chaplains of St. 
Nicholas Chantry, Lower Wharf edale, Yorkshire, in 1486. Ralph 
Diconson was Vicar of Burtonlenard, in 1504. Thomas Dick- 
enson, B.A., was a graduate of Oxford, in 1507. Sir William 
Dykenson was Parish Priest of Endefeld, Yorkshire, in 1524. 



Hugh Diconson was living in Yorkshire, in 1551. John Dick- 
inson was Uving tem'p. Henry viii. Rev. Abraham Dicconson, 
D.D., a graduate of Oxford, was Rector of Hurstmonceaux, 
Sussex, in 1590. Sir Thomas Dickenson, Knt. was Sheriff of 
York, in 1640. In the Civil War he espoused the cause of 
Parliament and after the surrender of York by the Royalists 
in 1644, was appointed by Parliament Governor of Clifford's 
Tower, Yorkshire. In 1647, and again in 1657, he was Lord 
Mayor of York, and knighted in 1656. He was Member of 
Parliament for York in 1665, 1658 and 1660. He was a patron 
of literary men. The fate of Sir Thomas Dickenson is unknown, 
but we learn from a letter written by Lord Fauconburg to 
the Duke of Albemarle, January 18, 1662, that Fauconburg 
had ordered four gentlemen to seize and convey Thomas Dick- 
enson and four others to York Castle. Samuel and Henry 
Dickenson were living in Yorkshire in 1651-1654. 

In The Visitation of Staffordshire, 1614, published by the 
William Salt Archaeological Society, Vol. 5, part 2, 1885, there 
is published the pedigree of the Dickensons of Bradley, Staf- 
fordshire, commencing with William Dickenson of Bradley, who 
married the daughter and heiress of Kinge of Penkridge. This 
William Dickenson is said to have been the son of John Dick- 
enson, Alderman of Leeds, Yorkshire, 1525-1554, who married 
in 1499, Elizabeth Danby and died in 1554. 

Richard Dickenson, son of William Dickenson and his wife 
Rachel Kinge, married Elizabeth Bagnall, daughter of Symon 
Bagnall. Their son Symon Dickenson, born 1541, married 1570, 
Catherine, daughter of the Hon. Geoffrey Dudley, second son 
of Edward Lord Dudley, and had sons Edward Dickenson, and 
Dudley Dickenson; but it is claimed that he had another son, 
James Dickenson, born about 1573, died about 1640, who 
went to London to live and was the father of Charles Dicken- 
son, of whom hereafter. 

Edward Dickenson married Joyce, daughter of Roger Fowke 
of Brewood, and at the time of The Visitation, in 1614, had 
Walter Dickenson, "sonne and heire," aet. 4, Fowke and Cather- 
ine Dickenson. 


Charles Dickenson, before mentioned, said to have been the 
son of James and grandson of Symon Dickenson, was probably 
born about 1598, although his father's name does not appear 
in The Visitation of 1614. It is claimed by some genealogists 
that he married Rachel Carter, this may be true, but at the 
time of the birth of his son Walter Dickenson, his wife was 
named Ellen, the authority for this statement being the record 
in the Family Bible of the Dickinsons of Trenton, New Jersey, 
descendants of General Philemon Dickinson, a grandson of 
Walter, which is as follows: "Walter Dickenson, baptized Feb- 
ruary 10, 1621, was the son of Charles and Ellen, his wife." 

The following record was recently made by Edward A. Pen- 
SQn, the Curate, " Parish of St. Andrew's Holborn. In the City 
of London, and in the County of Middlesex. Extract from 
Register Book of baptisms. Christenings. February 1621, 
10th day, No. 305, Walter Dickenson, son of Charles Dickenson 
and of Ellen, his wife, but of Hugh Peachell's house, in Plough 
Yard, in Fetter Lane." 

Charles Dickenson died in 1653, leaving three sons Walter, 
Henry and John Dickenson, all of whom were Friends or Quak- 
ers, and who emigrated to Virginia in 1654. Walter Dickenson 
first settled in Virginia, but finally came to Talbot County, 
Maryland. Henry Dickenson, his brother, remained in Vir- 
ginia and became the ancestor of the Virginia Dickensons and 
others. John Dickenson, the youngest of the three brothers, 
first went to Virginia, but in 1660, he settled in Talbot County, 
where he was a planter, and in a Chancery deposition, in 
Annapolis, Md., he makes oath in 1713, that he was then 
eighty years old. One of his descendants Charles Dickenson 
was killed in a duel with General Andrew Jackson in 1806. 

Walter Dickenson obtained a grant of land in September 
1654, for eight hundred acres, near Merry Point, on the Rappa- 
hanock River, Lancaster County, Virginia. He settled on this 
tract and married, it is said Jane Yarrett, the daughter of a 
neighbor. In the early part of 1659, he removed to the Prov- 
ince of Maryland, where he "located a tract of land called 
Dickenson, 420 acres, patented 15 Feb. 1659, on North West 
River, (now called Bush River) in the Manor of Baltimore." 


In the fall of 1659, he removed to Talbot County, and bought 
four hundred acres of land, "Cross-Dower surv^ 11th Aug. 
1659, for Edward Loyd, Esqr., on the Nor. side Choptank 
River, adjoyning to the land called Hir Dir Loyd." On 29 
March 1667, Walter Dickenson* had surveyed twenty five acres 
"Cross-Dower Marsh, on the Nor. side Choptank Rive adjoyn- 
ing to the land of Edw. Loyd, Esq'." {Rent Roll of Lord Balti- 
more, for Talbot County, in possession of the Maryland His- 
torical Society.) 

To this plantation, to which was added a tract of two hun- 
dred and twenty acres, "Cross-Dower Addition," surveyed 29 
July 1695, for William Dickenson, the name of " Crosiadore," was 
given and which it has retained for two hundred and fifty years, 
the estate being still in the possession of the Dickinson family. 

A William Dickenson was transported into the Province of 
Maryland in 1671, by Thomas Berry, who became a resident 
of Talbot County and resided in what is now known as Trappe 
District. It is possible this William Dickenson was the son 
of Walter Dickenson, who had probably left him with relatives 
in Virginia, on account of his youth. Walter Dickenson died 
in 1681, and in his will probated 4 April of that year, he devised 
to his son William the home plantation, and to his son Charles 
Dickenson land on the Delaware Bay, the latter of whom died 
without issue, being children of his first wife. His second wife 
was Mary Meares, by whom he had two children, Walter 
Dickenson, to whom he also devised land on the Delaware Bay, 
and whose line is extinct, and Rachel Dickenson, to whom he 
bequeathed personalty. 

William Dickenson, the eldest son of Walter Dickenson and 
his first wife, was born in Virginia in December 1658, and in- 
herited the land on the Choptank River called "Crosiadore." 
He married about 1680, Elizabeth Powell, daughter of Howell 
Powell of Talbot County and died 9 March 1717, (his son Walter 

* Walter Dickenson also had surveyed, 28 August 1679, one thousand 
acres, "Holbourn, between the branches of Ingram's Creek and the 
Eastern branch of the Choptank River." {Rent Roll for Dorchester 
County). This tract of land was named for that quarter of the City 
of London where he was born. 


pre-deceased him 18 Feb. 1708), leaving three children Elizabeth, 
Samuel and James Dickinson, who was born in 1692, and died 
in 1738, leaving a son William Dickinson and three daughters. 

Elizabeth Dickinson, above mentioned, married William 
Harrison. Their daughter Rachel Harrison married 14 Feb- 
ruary 1726, Hon. John Leeds, Jr., two of whose daughters 
married respectively Colonel Thomas Bozman and William 
Thomas, Jr., both of Talbot County. 

Among the witnesses to the marriage of John Leeds, Jr., and 
Rachel Harrison, which was performed according to the simple 
ceremony of the Friends, at the Quaker Meeting House on Divid- 
ing Creek, near the town of Trappe, Talbot County, were Sam- 
uel Dickinson, William Dickinson, Walter Dickinson, William 
Edmondson, Rebecca Dickinson, Charles Dickinson, Solomon 
Edmondson, Christopher Birkhead, Solomon Sharp and others. 

Samuel Dickinson, the eldest son of William and Elizabeth 
(Powell) Dickinson, was born at "Crosiadore," 9 March 1690, 
and died 6 July 1760. He married in 1710, Judith Troth, 
daughter of William Troth. Their children were William, Wal- 
ter, Samuel and Elizabeth Dickinson, all of whom died young; 
Henry Dickinson, born 24 December 1718; Elizabeth Dickinson, 
born 14 October 1723, who married Charles Goldsborough; 
Rebecca, RacheP and RacheF, all of whom died young. 

Samuel Dickinson, married secondly, 4 November 1731, Mary 
Cadwalader, daughter of John Cadwalader of Philadelphia. 
Their children were John Dickinson, well known as the author 
of the "Farmer's Letters," Thomas Dickinson who died young, 
and Philemon Dickinson, a distinguished Revolutionary soldier. 

Among the prominent members of this family were : 

WILLIAM DICKENSON, 1658-1717. One of the Com- 
missioners of his Majesty's Customs, 1684-1685. 

SAMUEL DICKINSON, 1690-1760. Pres. Judge Court of 
Common Pleas, Kent County, Del. 1740. Associate Judge 
Supreme Court of Delaware, 1754. 

CHARLES DICKINSON, 1693-. Justice Dorchester Coun- 
ty, 1737, 1741-1757, 1770-1772. Collector of Quit Rents, 1758. 
Sheriff, 1755-1758. 


JAMES DICKINSON, . High Sheriff Talbot Coun- 
ty, 1752-1754. Justice, 1756, 1758-1770. Burgess, 1767-1770. 
Judge Court Oyer and Terminer, 1771. Justice, 1773-1775. 

HENRY DICKINSON, 17 18-. Justice Caroline County, 
1779, 1782-1786. Member Provincial Convention, 1774, 1775, 
1776. Member Md. House of Delegates, 1776-1777. Judge Or- 
phan's Court, 1782-1783. Treasurer Eastern Shore, 1786-1788r 

JOHN DICKINSON, 1725 •. High Sheriff Dorchester. 

County, 1764-1767. Justice 1770-1786. Captain Upper Bat- 
talion Militia, 1776. Colonel, 1777-1781. 

JOHN DICKINSON, 1732-1808. Entered of the Middle 
Temple, London, 1753. Member Lower House of Assembly 
from Delaware, 1760-1762, and from Philadelphia, 1762. Dele- 
gate to the Colonial Congress, in 1765, to oppose the Stamp 
Act. Member Continental Congress from Delaware, 1776, 1777 
and 1779. President Supreme Council of Delaware, 1780. 
President of the Council of Pennsylvania, 1782. Author of the 
"Farmer's Letters." He was one of the founders of Dickinson 
College, in 1783, and the institution was named for him. 

PHILEMON DICKINSON, 1739-1809. Colonel Hunterton 
County, New Jersey Battalion, 1775, and Brigadier General 
same year. Delegate to the New Jersey Provincial Congress, 
1776. Major General, New Jersey forces, 1777. He made an 
attack on Staten Island, receiving for his action the thanks of 
General Washington. Delegate to Continental Congress, 1782- 
1783. United States Senator, 1790-1793. 

HENRY DICKINSON, 1760-1815. Clerk Dorchester Coun- 
ty Court, 1788-1810. 

SOLOMON DICKINSON, 1778-1838. Member Md. House 
of Delegates, 1805-1806, 1815, 1830-1831. Brigadier General 
Md. Militia, 1825. Judge Orphan's Court, 1807-1812, 1828- 
1831, 1835-1838. State Senator, 1836. 


The surname of Dall is doubtless of both Scandinavian and 
Old English origin, a dweller at the dale or valley, Old Norse 
daVr, Old English dael, but it may be derived from the word 
dall which means blind in Gaelic. When this surname was 
assumed by any particular family is uncertain, but at an 
early period after the Conquest of England in 1066, it be- 
came the surname of a family in Forfarshire, Scotland, where 
one of them was High Sheriff and another distinguished him- 
self at the battle of Flodden Field, 9 September 1513. The 
sixth canto of Sir Walter Scott's poem of Marmion contains a 
magnificent description of the battle. 

Tweed's echoes heard the ceaseless splash, 

While many a broken band, 
Disorder'd, through her currents dash, 

To gain the Scottish land; 
To town and tower, to down and dale, 
To tell red Flodden's dismal tale. 
And raise the universal wail. 
Tradition, legend, tune and song. 
Shall many an age that wail prolong; 
Still from the sire the son shall hear 
Of the stern strife, and carnage drear. 

Of Flodden's fatal field, 
Where shiver'd was fair Scotland's spear. 

And broken was her shield! 

Forfarshire or Angus is a maritime county of Scotland, bound 

ed on the east by the German ocean, and in it is situated 

a part of the Grampian Hills. Forfarshire belongs to that 

portion of Scotland inhabited at the time of the Romans by 

the Picts. The shire is supposed to have received its name of 

Angus from being granted to a son of one of the Scottish Kings 

who bore that name. It is only a few centuries ago that the 

name Forfar, borrowed from the county town was applied to the 

whole shire. 



William Dall, 1st, whose family, said to belong to the clan 
Mac-Donald of the Isles,* originated in Forfarshire, was a mer- 
chant of Edinburgh, Scotland, and came to America late in 
the seventeenth century and finally established a colonial house 
in Baltimore, Maryland, being a branch of the Edinburgh house 
of Heathcote and Dall. He afterwards returned to Scotland 
where he died, leaving the business in charge of his sons, one 
of whom William Dall 2nd, was born in 1716, went to Boston, 
Mass., in his thirteenth year to be educated and settled there 
when of age. He bought property in Brattle Square and en- 
gaged in the business of sugar refining. He married in 1751, 
Eliza Bradford, daughter of John Bradford and died 1 June 
1803. The children of William Dall, 2nd, and Eliza Bradford, 
his wife, were Joseph Dall, born 25 March 1752, died 13 May 
1838. WilHam Dall, 3rd, and James Dall, Sr. 

William Dall, 3rd, was born 22 Dec. 1753. Just before or 
about the time of the battle of Bunker Hill in 1775, he was 
sent through the lines with dispatches for the patriots in Con- 
necticut, was wounded in the foot, but got through and while 
convalescing was engaged as writing master at Yale College. 
Later he became the executive head of a Syndicate of about a 
dozen associates, which undertook for a grant of land on Boston 
Neck, to build a causeway, and fill in between the sea walls 
the tidal isthmus connecting Boston and the main land. In 
appreciation of the services of Mr. Dall, as executive officer 
of the project, it is said he received a grant of land in the then 
Province of Maine, and a silver tea pot, made by Paul Revere, 
was given to him by his associates and which is still in the 

* Sir Walter Scott, in his stirring poem, The Lord of the Isles, canto 
vi, in describing the battle of Bannockburn, says: 
Awhile with stubborn hardihood, 
Their English hearts the strife made good; 
Borne down at length on every side, 
Compell'd to flight they scatter wide, — 
Let stags of Sherwood leap for glee, 
And bound the deer of Dallom-Lee! 
The broken bows of Bannock's shore 
Shall in the greenwood ring no more! 


possession of one of his descendants. The Syndicate was paid 
for the work, which was successfully accomplished, by "a grant 
of land clean across the Neck in the vicinity of Dover Street 
and southward toward Roxbury. This land was divided among 
the associates in the Syndicate, many of whom built fine frame 
houses, end to the street and ample lots, with water of the 
back bay on the other side. Some of this property remained 
in possession of the Dalls until a recent period." 

Mr. Dall married 17 January 1781, Mary Parker of Boston, 
Mass., and died in that city, 18 September 1829. Their chil- 
dren were: 

James Dall, 2nd, born 14 November 1781, died 19 March 
1863, of whom presently, and Maria Dall, born 15 March 1783, 
died 21 November 1836, unmarried. 

Mr. Dall married secondly, 21 January 1791, Rebecca Keen, 
Their children were: 

William Dall, 4th, born 5 December 1794, died 22 April 1875; 
John Dall, born 22 February 1797, died 7 August 1852; Sarah 
Keen Dall, born 20 August 1798, died 30 December 1878; 
Joseph Dall, born 10 October 1801, died 10 July 1840, all of 
whom died unmarried; and Eliza Bradford Dall, born 6 January 
1804, who died aged five months. 

James Dall, 2nd, the only son of William Dall, 3rd, and 
Mary Parker, his wife, removed to the City of Baltimore. 
He married Henrietta Austin, daughter of Elijah Austin of 
Texas fame. Their daughter Henrietta Austin Dall married 
8 August 1836, Thomas Whitridge, but left no issue. Their 
son. Rev. Charles Henry Appleton Dall, was born in Baltimore 
12 February 1816. He graduated at Harvard University, 1837. 
Ordained a Minister of the Unitarian Church, 1841. Minister 
to the poor in Baltimore, 1842-1845. Engaged in Ministerial 
work during the next ten years in New England and in Canada. 
In 1855, he sailed as a Missionary to Calcutta, India, being the 
first foreign Missionary to be sent out by this denomination. 
He resided there, except for short visits to this country, during 
the rest of his life, a period of thirty-one years. He accom- 
plished much good work, instituting schools and homes, among 


them the first girl's schools in Calcutta for natives. He is the 
author of hymns, tracts and pamphlets on various subjects. 
He married in September 1844, Caroline Wells Healey, and died 
in Calcutta, India, 18 July 1886. 

His wife, Caroline Wells Healey Dall, an author and philan- 
thropist, was born in Boston, Mass., 22 June 1822. In her early 
life she was Vice Principal of Miss English's School for young 
women, in Georgetown, D. C. When her husband went as 
a Missionary to India in 1855, she accompanied him. 

She was the first woman in America to receive the degree of 
LL.D. Among her published works are : Essays and Sketches, 
(1849). Historical Pictures Retouched, (1859). Woman's Right 
to Labor, (1860). Wo^nan's Rights Under the Law, (1861). 
Egypt's Place in History, (1868). What we Really Know about 
Shakespeare, (1885). 

William Healey Dall, M.A., naturalist and scientist, the only 
son of Rev. Charles Henry Appleton and Caroline Wells (Healey) 
Dall, was born in Boston, 21 August 1845. He was a special 
student under Louis Agassiz. He accompanied the Interna- 
tional Telegraph Expedition to Alaska, 1865-1868. On the 
United States Coast Survey of Alaska, 1871-1884. Became 
connected with the United States Geological Survey as paleon- 
tologist, and honorary curator of the United States National 
Museum, 1885-1905. Member of the National Academy of 
Sciences and other Scientific Societies. His principal work has 
been the exploration of Alaska and scientific study of Mollusks, 
recent and fossil, especially in American waters and the deep 
blue sea. Among his published works are Birds of Alaska, 
(1869). Alaska and Its Resources, (1870). Tribes of the Extreme 
Northwest, (1877). Meteorology and Bibliography of Alaska, 
(1879). The Currents and Temperature of Behring Sea and the 
Adjacent Waters, (1882). Reports of the Molusca of the Blake 
Expedition, (1880-1890). Molusca of the Southwest coast of the 
United States. (1890). 

James Dall, Sr., the second son of William Dall, 2nd, and 
Eliza Bradford, his wife, was born in Boston, Mass., 11 March 
1755. He removed to New York City about 1775, and lived 


there until about 1781, when he came to the City of Baltimore 
to reside and where he remained until his death, engaged in 
mercantile pursuits and amassing a fortune. He married first 
about 1790, Charlotte Lane, who died 6 December 1791, in 
the 22nd j^ear of her age, her infant son John Heathcote Dall 
having predeceased her 4 November 1791. Mr. Dall married 
secondly 20 November 1794, Sarah Brooke Holliday, daughter 
of John Robert Holliday, (born 1745, died 1800, at "Epsom," 
Baltimore County. High Sheriff 1770-1773), and Eleanor Ad- 
dison Smith, his wife, a descendant of the Addison and Brooke 
families so well known in Maryland. 

John Robert Holliday was the son of Dr. Robert Holliday 
and Achsah Ridgely, his wife, whose son by her second husband 
John Carnan, was Hon. Charles (Carnan) Ridgely, Governor 
of Maryland, 1815-1818. 

James Dall, Sr., after the death of his second wife, married 
thirdly 17 February 1803, Eleanor (Ridgely) Laming who died 23 
October, 1829, aged 70 years, leaving no issue. She was a 
cousin of his second wife. He died September, 1808. 

The children of James Dall, Sr., and Sarah Brooke Holliday, 
his wife, were Eleanor Addison and Eliza Bradford Dall, twins; 
William Henry Dall and John Robert Dall. Eleanor Addison 
Dall, born 5 November 1795, married George Cooke of "Hazle- 
wood," Howard County, Md. Eliza Bradford Dall, born 5 
November 1795, married Dr. Allen Thomas of "Dalton" How- 
ard County. William Henry Dall, born 23 March 1797, died 
young. John Robert Dall, born 1 November 1798, died 5 
May 1851, at "Dalton," Washington County, Md., married 
23 February 1819, Meliora Ogle Buchanan, born 24 December 
1800, died 2 April 1879, (a descendant of Hon. Samuel Ogle, 
Provincial Governor of Maryland, 1731, 1735-1742 and 1747- 
1752) and the daughter of Hon. Thomas Buchanan of Washing- 
ton County, Md., leaving issue. 


The first record known of this prominent Louisiana family, 
dates from about the year 1680, when Hon. Ignace Bringier 
was Judge of Limagne, in Auvergne, France. He left a son 

Jean Bringier of Limagne, who married about 1711, Marie 
Douradou of the family of Baron Douradou d'Auvergne, in 
the temp, of Louis xvi, leaving a daughter Frangoise and a son 

Pierre Bringier of ''Lacadiere," near Aubagne, in Provence, 
who married Agnes Arnoux. They had nineteen sons and one 
daughter. One of the sons was Jean Baptiste Hippolyt^ Brin- 
gier, Canon of Marseille Cathedral, who at the time of the 
French Revolution in 1789, was an ''emigre," and the different 
members of the family became widely separated. 

MARIUS PONS BRINGIER, another one of the sons, was 
born in Aubagne, Provence. Before the French Revolution in 
1789, he sold his estate ''Lacadiere," and removed to Mar- 
tinique, West Indies, and thence to Louisiana, where in St. 
James' Parish, he acquired a large and valuable sugar planta- 
tion, upon which he built a fine residence, known as "La Man- 
sion Blanche," or ''White Hall," one of the famous old plan- 
tation mansions on the Mississippi River. He married in France 
Marie Frangoise Durand, daughter of Jean Baptiste Durand 
of Marseille, France, and Catherine Arnoux. Their children 

I. Paul Louis Bringier, born in France about 1779, came 
with his parents to Louisiana. Surveyor General of Louisiana. 
Was in the war of 1812. Died in New Orleans, 29 October 
1860. He married 22 October 1831, Hermione Guignan. 

II. FRANgoiSE Bringier, born 9 March 1786, died 10 May 
1827, married Christophe Colombe of "Bocage," Ascension Par- 
ish, La. born in Porbeile, near Paris, in 1770, died 9 March 
1832. He married secondly a niece of Commodore Perry, U. 

S. Navy. 



III. Louise Elizabeth Bringier, born 21 April 1788, died 23 
November 1863, married Judge Augustin Dominique Tureaud, 
born in La Rochelle, France, 23 October 1764, died in Louisi- 
ana, 16 April 1826. 

IV. Michel Doradou Bringier, of whom hereafter, 

V. Franqoise Laure Bringier, married Noel Auguste, 
Baron of Caen, Normandy, later of New Orleans, La. 

VI. Elizabeth Melamie Bringier, married first William 
Simpson of Savannah, Ga., later of New Orleans. Married 
secondly James Fisher Wilson. 

Michel Doradou Bringier, the fourth child and second 
son of Marius Pons and Marie Frangoise (Durand) Bringier, 
was born at sea, 6 December 1789. He served as aid to Gen- 
eral Andrew Jackson, at the battle of New Orleans in 1814, 
He owned a number of plantations and was an extensive sugar 
planter. He died in Memphis, Tenn., 13 March 1847. He 
married in Baltimore, Md., 17 June 1812, Louise Elizabeth 
Agla6 Du Bourg, aged 14, eldest daughter of Pierre Frangoise 
Du Bourg, Chevalier, Sieur de Ste. Colombe, and Elizabeth 
Etiennette Bonne Charest de Lauzon, grand daughter of the 
last Charest Seigneur de Lauzon. Mme. Bringier was born 
at Kingston, Jamaica, 4 January 1798, and died at "Melpo- 
mene," near New Orleans, in 1878. Their children were: 

I. Marius Ste. Colombe Bringier, of "Houmas," Ascen- 
sion Parish, La., born 17 October 1814, died 22 August 1884, 
married his cousin Marie EUzabeth Augustine Tureaud, daugh- 
ter of Judge A. D. Tureaud and Louise Elizabeth Bringier. 

II. Marie Elizabeth Rosella Bringier, born 24 June 1818, 
died 20 July 1849, married Hore Browse Trist of "Bowdon," 
Ascension Parish, La., born in Washington, D. C, 19 March 
1802, died at ''Bowdon," 16 November 1856. His only brother 
Hon. Nicholas Philip Trist, (180Q-1874), was educated at West 
Point, United States Consul to Havana, under President 
Jackson. Chief Clerk of the State Department, 1845. Nego- 
tiated in 1848, the treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo. He married 
Virginia Randolph, grandaughter of President Thomas Jefferson. 


III. Louise Fran^oise Bringier, born 6 October, 1820, died 
13 November 1889, married Martin Gordon, Jr., of New Or- 
leans, La. 

IV. HippoLYTE Charles Bringier, died young. 

V. Anne Guillelmine Nanine Bringier, born 24 August 
1822, died 6 November 1911, married Hon. Duncan Farrar 
Keimer, of "Ashland," Ascension Parish, born 11 February 
1813, died 3 July 1887. Member of Congress Confederate 
States. C. S. Envoy to England and France. 

VI. Colonel Louis Am6d6e Bringier of "The Hermitage," 
Ascension Parish, born 4 February 1828, died 9 January 1897. 
Colonel 7th Louisiana Cavalry, C. S. A. 

VII. Marie Elizabeth Agla6 Bringier, born 17 January 
1830, married her cousin Benjamin Tureaud of "Tezcuco," 
born 4 January 1818, died 15 December 1883. 

VIII. Louise Marie Myrth^ Bringier, born 28 January 
1834, died 16 March 1875, married Lieutenant General Richard 
Taylor, C. S. A., only son of President Zachary Taylor, born 
27 January 1826, died 12 April 1879. 

IX. OcTAViE Anne Marie Bringier, born 1 January, 1839, 
married 8 January 1857, General Allen Thomas, C. S. A. (See 
Thomas Family). 

X. Martin Doradou Bringier, born 3 August 1842, died 
3 August 1887. 


Historians tell us that the night before the battle of Hastings, 
14 October 1066, the Normans under William the Conqueror, 
put their armour on, watched and prayed until the dawn and 
then fell upon the Saxons, who had spent the night in drinking 
and song, and, after hours of struggle, utterly routed them as 
the autumn twilight came on, leaving the brave Harold, his 
valiant brothers Gyrth and Leofwine and most of the faithful 
Thanes dead upon the field. It was this battle which finally 
overthrew the Saxon dynasty in England and was the turning 
point in the history of the nation. 

Freeman, in his History of the Norman Conquest of England, 
says, "It brought with it not only a new dynasty, but a new 
nobility; it did not expel or transplant the English nation or 
any part of it, but it gradually deprived the leading men and 
families of their lands and offices. It did not at once sweep 
away the old laws and liberties of the land; but it at once 
changed the manner and spirit of their administration and it 
opened the way for endless later changes in the laws them- 
selves. It did not abolish the English language ; but it brought 
in a new language by its side, a language which for a while 
supplanted it as the language of polite intercourse, and which 
did not yield to the reviving elder speech till it had effected it 
by the largest infusion that the vocabulary of one European 
tongue ever received from another." 


To commemorate his victory, William the Conqueror, as he 
vowed he would do before the battle, if successful, built and 
richly endowed a great monastery on the spot where the battle 
had been won, and the high altar was erected on the site of 
King Harold's Standard and where he fell. To this edifice the 
Conqueror gave the name of Abbey of the Place of Battle 



(Battle Abbey), which he dedicated to St. Martin, the great 
Apostle of the Gauls. Robert of Gloucester has thus described, 
in his quaint verse, the foundation of Battle Abbey: 

King William bithought him alsoe of that folke that was forlorne, 

And slayn also through him in the battaile biforne; 

And ther as the battaile was, an Abbey he lete rere 

Of Saint Martin, for the soules that there slayn were. 

And the monks wel ynong feffed without fayle. 

That is called in Englonde Abbey of Battaile. 

Battle Abbey was intended to be a "chantry for the slain," 
as well as a memorial of victory. Monks from the great con- 
vent of Marmontiers, near Tours, came to settle here and pray 
for the souls of all who had died on the field. It contained the 
Conqueror's sword, his coronation robe, and the bede roll of 
the Knights who followed him from Normandy; it was very 
richly endowed and gave its Abbots a seat in Parliament. 

Tennyson prefaced his drama Harold, by a sonnet which 
records his feelings when, on visiting Battle Abbey in 1876, he 
compared the beauty of the peaceful garden with the momen- 
tous struggle on the same spot. 

Here rose the dragon-banner of our realm; 

Here fought, here fell, our Norman-slander'd King, 

O Garden blossoming out of English blood! 

O strange hate-healer Time; We stroll and stare 

Where might made right eight hundred years ago. 

The Duchess of Cleveland, whose family owned and resided 
at Battle Abbey for many years, in her book. The Battle Abbey 
Roll, with some account of the Norman Lineages, (1889), has 
given interesting sketches of many of the Knightly followers 
of the Conqueror, nearly all of whom participated in the battle 
of Hastings, and were by him rewarded for their services, with 
lands and titles and lucrative oJEficial positions. These gallant 
chieftains were afterwards founders of families, whose names 
and houses have been ever since a part of the history of Eng- 
land, lineal descendants of whom are to-day living in Maryland 
and Virginia and other parts of this country. 


The Martin family is of great antiquity in England and was 
founded by Martin de Tours, a Norman, born about A.D. 1030, 
who was a general officer in the army of William the Conqueror, 
at the battle of Hastings. He settled first in North Devon- 
shire, where he had been rewarded by a grant of territory on 
the coast adjoining the Bristol Channel, and made Lord of 
Combe-Martin,* which retains the adjunct to the present day. 
In 1088, the Barony of Dartington, in South Devonshire, was 
granted him. In 1094, he effected by force of arms the con- 
quest of the Territory of Cemeas (Kemeys), in Pembrokeshire, 
South Wales. 

Martin de Tours, on the conquest being effected, was invested 
with the usual attributes of a Lord Marcher. He and his 
successors were summoned to the Sovereign's Council holding 
in capite from the Norman and Plantagenet Kings. The terri- 
tory was constituted a Lordship Marcher, having jura regalia 
and courts of its own where all matters affecting life and prop- 
erty were tried. The barony of Kemeys, comprising twenty- 
two parishes, and embracing a circuit of more than fifty miles, 
was of a unique character, there being no parallel to it in Great 
Britain, being invested with many privileges, it was virtually 
an independent sovereignty. 

Newport Castle, on the Nevern, Pembrokeshire, founded by 
Martin of Tours, is believed to have been completely built by 
his great grandson Sir William Martin, the son of Sir William 
who married the daughter of Lord Rhys ap Gryffidth temp. 

* It is well known for its silver lead mines, which have been worked 
at intervals since the reign of Edward i. 

A cup weighing 137 ounces, made of Combe-Martin silver, was pre- 
sented by Queen Elizabeth to Sir Richard Martin, Lord Mayor of Lon- 
don, 1589-1594. It bore an appropriate inscription beginning thus: 
"In Martin's Coombe long lay I hydd, 
Obscured, deprest, with grossest soyle, 
Debased much with mixed lead, 

Till Bulmer came, whose skille and toyle 
Refined me so pure and cleane, 
As rycher no where els is scene." 
His daughter Dorcas Martin married Sir Julius Caesar of Italian 
descent, Master of the Rolls in 1614, and Chancellor of the Exchequer. 


King John (1208). The site is a knoll above the town of 
Newport, commanding seaward a wide marine prospect, and 
landward the magnificent scenery of Carn Ingli and Precelly. 
The building in its prime must have been an imposing and 
powerful fortress-palace of great extent and ornamentation. 
It is now in ruins. 

Baron Robert Fitz Martin, born about 1080, son of Baron 
Martin de Tours, (as the addition of Fitz denotes), besides being 
Lord of Kemeys, possessed the Barony of Dartington, in Devon- 
shire, and had his habitation in that place. Dartington House 
occupies an elevated site near the banks of the river Dart, 
and from some of its windows a fine prospect is obtained over 
the beautiful vale of Totnes. 

"O let me stray 
With thee sweet Dart, and tread thy pleasant marge, 
What time the lib'ral mountain-flood has fill'd 
The Urn of Cranmere and the moistened Moor 
Pours to the dales the largess of the heavens; 
O let me wander, then, while freshness breathes, 
Along the grateful meads, and list the voice, 
Dartmoor, thou land of streams, thou land of streams." 

The river rises near Cranmere Pool, in Dartmoor Forest, it 
takes its name from the rapidity of the current, flows much 
over a rocky channel, through fine scenery, and from Totnes 
it is about ten miles and a half to the sea. Mrs. Hemans thus 
graphically describes the weirdness of Dartmoor, from whence 
flows the river Dart. 

Wild Dartmoor! thou that, 'midst thy mountains rude, 

Hast robed thyself with haughty solitude. 

As a dark cloud on Summer's clear blue sky, 

A mourner, circled with festivity! 

For all beyond is life! the rolling sea, 

The rush, the swell, whose echoes reach not thee, 

Yet who shall find a scene so wild and bare. 

But man has left his lingering traces there? 

Here, at dead midnight, through the haunted shade. 

On Druid-harps the quivering moonbeam play'd, 

And spells were breath'd that filled the deepening gloom 

With the pale, shadowy people of the tomb. 


The Rev. R. Polwhele, in his History of Devonshire, 1793, 
says, "The great house at Dartington, about a mile to the 
north of Totnes, was once a magnificent building. It was erected 
by the family of Martin, who possessed it in 1123. The Barons 
Martin continued to possess it and to reside there for eight 
generations, and then, in default of male issue and pursuant 
to an entail, it passed to the Crown." 

Baron Robert Fitz Martin was succeeded by his son Baron 
William Martin, born at Dartington House, Devonshire, about 
1125. He was a person of considerable prominence during the 
reigns of King Henry ii, and King Richard i. He married a 
Welsh Princess, the daughter of Rhys ap Gryffidth, Prince of 
South Wales, and died in 1209, leaving two sons William and 
Oliver Martin. 

Sir Oliver Martin, the youngest son, born about 1165, ac- 
companied King Henry ii, in the conquest of Ireland in 1186; 
and in 1193, went to the Holy Land with Richard Coeur-de- 
Ldon, was with him on his return and shared his captivity 
until his death in 1199. He settled in Gal way, Ireland, and be- 
came Founder of one of the thirteen tribes of that ancient town. 

Baron William Martin, the eldest son, born at Dartington, 
House, about 1160, died in 1215, leaving a son Baron Nicholas 
Martin, born at Dartington House, about 1193. He married 
Maud de Brien, grand daughter of Henry de Tracey, Baron 
of Barnstable with whom he obtained the barony of Barnstable. 
He died about 1243, leaving three sons, Nicholas, Colinetus and 
Robert Martin, the latter settling in the adjoining county of 
Dorsetshire, his descendants residing at Athelhampston House, 
from whom the Martins of Talbot County, Md., claim descent. 

Baron Nicholas Martin, the eldest son, left a son Baron 
W^illiam Martin, Baron of Dartington and Barnstable, both 
in Devonshire, and of Kemeys, in South Wales, who was sum- 
moned to Parliament as Baron Martin continuously from 23 
Edward i, (1295), to 18 Edward ii, (1325), at whose corona- 
tion in 1308 he was one of the nobles summoned to attend. 

From the memorandum of Westminster Exchequer Court is 
the record, that among the bridal train that returned with 


Edward ii, from Bologne, where he had espoused the Lady 
Isabella, daughter of the King of France, and when after land- 
ing at Dover, the King personally delivered the Great Seal 
of the Kingdom to the Chancellor, Dominus Hugo le Despenser 
and Willielmus Martin, Knight, were among those who witnessed 
the ceremony. Sir William Martin was one of the Justices of 
trailbaston* temp. Edward i, and Justice of South Wales temp. 
Edward ii. He died in 1325, leaving a son William who died 
childless, and two daughters, among the representative of whom 
the barony is in abeyance. 

Robert Martin, before mentioned, the third and youngest son 
of Baron Nicholas Martin, born at Dartington House, Devon- 
shire, about 1235, settled in Dorsetshire, kept up the family 
name, (many of his descendants being knighted, f) and became 
the common ancestor of the Martins of Long Melford, Sussex, 
and of Athelhampston, Dorsetshire, from whom was descended 
in the ninth generation Sir William Martin, K.B. born about 
1460, died in 1503, of Athelhampston House, Dorsetshire, (said 
to have been a palace of King Athelstan) , whose two grandsons 
were Nicholas Martin of Athelhampston House and Thomas 
Martin of Park Pale. 

* One of a class of disorderly persons, banded robbers, murderers and 
incendiaries, who gave great trouble in the reign of Edward i, and were 
so numerous that Judges were appointed expressly for the purpose of 
trying them. When the Justices of trailbaston were appointed on April 
6, 1305, by Edward i, Baron William Martin was placed at the head of 
those sent into Cornwall and nine other counties and so again in Feb- 
ruary 1307. His clemency and kindness to the poor during these com- 
missions are commemorated in a Norman song of the age. 

t Among those who were knighted in early days were: Sir Robert 
Martin, Knt., about 1305; Sir John Martin, K.B., 1306; Sir William- 
Martin, Knt., Lord Mayor of London, 1492; Sir Roger Martin, Knt., 
Lord Mayor of London, 1567; Sir James Martin, Knt., 1574; Sir Richard 
Martin, Knt., Lord Mayor of London, 1588; Sir Christopher Martin, 
Knt., 1604; Sir Henry Martin, Knt., 1616; Sir William Martin, Knt., 1617; 
Sir Nicholas Martin, Knt., 1625; Sir Roger Martin, Knt., 1625; Sir 
Thomas Martin, Knt., 1642. 

Hon. John Martin was a Member of Parliament, temp, Edward iii, 
and Hon. Richard Martin was a Member of Parliament in 1601. 


Thomas Martin, the second son, lived at Park Pale, Dorset- 
shire, married the daughter of William Gerrard of Somerset- 
shire, and had Francis, Thomas, William and John Martin. 
William Martin the third son, of Park Pale, married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Richard Maunsell of Somersetshire, whose son and 
heir, Thomas Martin of Park Pale, was born in 1604. 

Hutchins, in his History and Antiquities of Dorsetshire, says: 
"The name leads us to conjecture it was formerly a park of 
the ]\Tartins of Athelhampston, It was the estate and residence 
of a younger branch of that family. In 1645, Park Pale Farm, 
valued (1641) £60. per annum, and the impropriation of South- 
over £30. belonging to Mr. Thomas Martin, recusant, was 
sequestered. It is claimed that this Thomas Martin of Park 
Pale, Dorsetshire, was the father of Thomas Martin of Talbot 
County, Maryland, as it was a well known fact in the family 
that his father was named Thomas, and the name of his brother 
John, who came to the Province of Maryland with him in 1663, 
as well as the names of four of his own sons, were the same as 
those borne by the latter generations of the Martins of Athel- 
hampston House and Park Pale, Dorsetshire. 

Thomas Martin the settler was born in 1629, and arrived in 
the Province of Maryland with his brother John in 1663. He 
acquired several large tracts of land in Talbot County, his 
residence being at "Hampden," on Dividing Creek, near the 
Choptank River, which he named in honor of the famous John 
Hampden, who had been the leader in opposition to the abuses 
which had caused so much injury to his family in England by 
sequestration in 1645. One of the tracts of land which he 
acquired in 1665, remained in the family until 1888, a period 
of two hundred and twenty-three years. 

When the parishes were laid out in 1692, in the various 
counties of the Province, Thomas Martin was elected by the 
freeholders one of the vestrymen of St. Peter's Parish, Talbot 
County, his associates being Mr. Thomas Bowdle, Mr. Thomas 
Robins, Mr. George Robins, Colonel Nicholas Lowe and Mr. 
Samuel Abbott, Sr., and for two hundred years, with little 
intermission, one or more Martins were always Vestrymen in 


this parish, worshipping at old White Marsh Church, now in 
crumbling ruins. The records of the parish are fairly continu- 
ous from the year 1708, and are full of quaint phraseology and 
interesting sidelights on ceremonials now obsolete and therefore 
well worth preservation. 

Thomas Martin, the elder, married in 1666, not long after 
his arrival in Maryland, Elizabeth Day, a native of Hertford- 
shire, England, and died in 1701, leaving five sons and one 

Among the prominent members of this family were : 

WILLIAM MARTIN, 1714-1774. Justice of Talbot 
County, 1767-1773. 

NICHOLAS MARTIN, 1743-1808. Captain 38th Battalion 
Maryland Militia, 1776. Member House of Delegates, 1780- 
1781, 1795, 1801-1802. 

DR. ENNALLS MARTIN, 1758-1834. Assistant Surgeon 
War of the Revolution, 1777-1781. 

WILLIAM BOND MARTIN, 1770-1835. Member Md. 
House of Delegates, 1794. Judge Court of Appeals, 1814- 

DANIEL MARTIN, 1780-1831. Member House of Dele- 
gates, 1813, 1815-1817, 1819-1821. Twice Governor of Mary- 
land, 1828-1829, 1831. 

NICHOLAS MARTIN, 1784-1870. Member House of 
Delegates, 1819-1823, 1827-1828. State Senator from Talbot 
County, 1838-1843. 

ROBERT NICOLS MARTIN, 1798-1870. Member of 
Congress, 1825-1827. Chief Judge Western Circuit of Mary- 
land, 1845-1851. Judge Superior Court of Baltimore City, 

JAMES LLOYD MARTIN, 1815-1872. Member House of 
Delegates, 1839-1840. Deputy Attorney General for Talbot 
County, 1851. State's Attorney, 1851-1860. 


Among the "great governing families of England," from the 
Norman Conquest to the present time, few have been more 
illustrious or more distinguished than the Despensers and 
Spencers. The family was of noble degree in Normandy. 

Banks, in his Dormant and Extinct Baronage, 1808, says: 
" Almaric D'Abetot, lord of the town and territory of D'Abetot, 
in Normandy, whence this surname was derived, had two sons, 
Urso and Robert, which last was surnamed le Despenser, be- 
cause steward* to William the Conqueror, and was ancestor to 
the noble house of Despenser, or Spencer, yet flourishing." It 
is a well known fact to students of English history, that the 
Despensers and Spencers have been titled people in England 
continuously from the Norman invasion to the present day. 

Urso D'Abetot was made hereditary Sheriff of "Worcestershire 
by William the Conqueror, and died without male issue, leav- 
an only daughter, Emeline, who married Walter de Beauchamp, 
Earl of Warwick, and thus she became an ancestress of the 
great de Beauchamps, Earls of Warwick, who figured so con- 
spicuously in the annals of England for several generations. 

Favored by William the Conqueror with numerous lordships 
— four in Warwickshire, one in Gloucestershire, fifteen in Lin- 
colnshire, and seventeen in Leicestershire — as a reward for his 
services in his successful endeavour to obtain possession of the 
Kingdom, Robert le Despenser is recorded by the monks of 
Worcestershire as a very powerful man in those days, and was 
among the bishops and barons assembled in Council with Wil- 
liam the Conqueror in London, A.D. 1082. His name, Robertus 

* The office of Lord Steward of the Household, in England, was one 
of great trust and dignity. His authority was very great, and ex- 
tended over many other offices. He was a member of the Privy Coun- 
cil, and by virtue of his office took precedency of all peers of his own 
degree. (The Book of the Court. Thorns, 1844.) 



Dispensator, is in the great Domesday Book, and also in the 
somewhat discredited Roll of Battle Abbey. 

During the reign of Henry iii, (1216-1272), there were then 
living two brothers. Sir Hugh le Despenser, and Geoffrey le 
Despenser, sons of Sir Geoffrey le Despenser, the youngest being 
the ancestor of the Dukes of Marlborough, the Earls Spencer 
and of various branches of the Spencer family. 

Sir Hugh le Despenser was one of the greatest Barons of his 
time. He was Chief Justiciary of all England in 1260, pre- 
siding in the King's Court, and by virtue of his office Regent 
of the Kingdom during the absence of the Sovereign, and thus 
the greatest subject in the Kingdom. He was created a Baron 
by writ, 14 December 1264, his ancestors having been Barons 
by tenure, and summoned to the first Parliament by Henry ii, 
when the great Council of the Nation was established. He 
was killed at the battle of Evesham, 4 August 1265. The 
Barony of le Despenser still exists in the Boscowen family, 
now represented by Viscount Falmouth, and officially it is the 
second oldest barony in England. 

His son Hugh le Despenser, Sr., Earl of Winchester, and his 
son Hugh le Despenser, Jr., Earl of Gloucester, the ill fated 
and unfortunate favorites of Edward ii, and who took such 
a prominent part in the Baron's wars, were both beheaded 
in 1326. In 1321, the lands of the Despensers included sixty- 
nine manors, situated in eighteen counties in England and Wales. 

Sir Hugh le Despenser, 4th, son of Hugh le Despenser, Jr., 
Earl of Gloucester and his wife Alianora de Clare, daughter 
of Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, whose name appears 
at the head of Magna Charta, and his wife the Princess Joan 
of Acre, daughter of Edward i, was summoned to Parliament 
by Edward iii, in 1338. He succeeded to the 

"Memories of power and pride which long ago, 
Like dim processions of a dream had sunk 
In twilight depths away." 

He married Elizabeth, daughter of William Montacute, Earl 
of Salisbury, and was actively engaged in the business of war 
during the greater part of his young life. 


His nephew, Edward, 5th Lord le Despenser, K.G. who died 
at Cardiff Castle in 1375, was a man of mark, one of the early- 
Knights of the Garter, and a hero at the battle of Poictiers, 
under the Black Prince. 

His son, Thomas, 6th Lord le Despenser, who married his 
cousin Constance Plantagenet, daughter of Edmund of Langley, 
Duke of York, and grand daughter of Edward iii, was beheaded 
13 January 1400, at the early age of twenty seven, for taking 
an active part to dethrone Henry iv, and restore Richard ii. 

His daughter, Isabel le Despenser, born at Cardiff Castle, 
a few months after her father had been beheaded, and one of 
the greatest heiresses of that day who died in 1439, was the last 
of the Despensers. She married first Richard de Beauchamp, 
Lord Abergavenny and Earl of Worcester, and secondly his 
cousin Richard de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick. Their daugh- 
ter Anne Beauchamp married Richard Neville, by virtue of 
his wife Earl of Warwick, and commonly known as the King 
maker, "the last of the Barons." Their two daughters, of 
pathetic story, were Isabel and Anne Neville. Isabel, the eld- 
est, became the wife of the unfortunate Duke of Clarence, and 
Anne was the unhappy wife of Richard iii. 

On the eve of the battle of Bosworth Field, Shakespeare 
makes the ghost of Queen Anne to appear and say to the King, 

Richard, thy wife, that wretched Anne, thy wife, 

That never slept a quiet hour with thee. 

Now fills thy sleep with purturbations; 

To-morrow in the battle think on me, 

And fall thy edgeless sword — despair, and die. 

He was slain on Bosworth Field, 22 August 1485, and with 
his death ended the "Wars of the Roses," and the reign of the 
Plantagenet Kings. In this battle Sir Rhys ap Thomas, a 
powerful Welsh Chieftain, at the head of a large body of horse, 
fought valiantly, and performed a distinguished and important 
part in placing Henry vii, of the House of Tudor, upon the 
English throne. 

The Despensers were the Lords of Tewkesbury, and were all 
laid to rest beneath the traceried roof of Tewkesbury Abbey, 


Gloucestershire, founded before the Norman Conquest, that 
gray, mighty pile, with its lordly tower, its lichen covered walls, 
colored by the storms of the Severn for eight hundred years; 
with its solemn and impressive interior, and with its hallowed 
memories and deathless traditions. It is particularly distin- 
guished for the number of its monuments and effigies, marvels 
of beauty and elegance; its exquisite chapels and chantries 
grouped around the choir, and its religious imagery and heraldic 
badges, all imparting an air of solemn magnificence to the scene. 

The Dean of Gloucester, in Cloister Life in the days of Coeur 
de Lion, 1892, says, "For some four centuries most of the heirs 
of the lordly and related houses of Fitz Hamon and de Clare, 
Despenser and de Beauchamp, were laid to rest — some few after 
peaceful deaths; four of them bruised and battered in the battle 
field; four sent thither by the ax or the halter; some in early 
youth, but none reaching old age — ^within the walls of Tewkes- 
bury. For eighty-seven years the de Clares were the Lords of 
Tewkesbury and ruled over the splendid heritage of Fitz Hamon, 
and succeeding them for nearly a century, the illustrious house 
of Despenser reigned in Tewkesbury, from A.D. 1321 to A.D. 
1414. The Despensers were proud of the great Abbey which 
threw its broad shadow over their home and vast estate, and 
under their care most of the splendid architectural ornaments 
of the noble pile were planned and executed. But the Abbey 
is something more than a noble and exquisite Church, which 
charms and delights the eye, more than a venerable pile which 
affords an ever fresh and varying interest to the archaeologist 
and the architect. It was, we remember, for some four hundred 
eventful, stirring years, the prayer-house, the sanctuary, the 
oratory, the tomb of a long line of those mighty Norman Barons 
who, from the battle of Hastings till the day of the battle of 
Tewkesbury, were at once the strength and terror of the English 
and their King." 

On the death of Fitz Hamon in 1147, Tewkesbury Manor 
passed to the de Clares, who became merged in the Despensers, 
they in turn in the de Beauchamps, and the de Beauchamps 
in the Nevilles. 


Tewkesbury Abbey is also enriched with a series of genea- 
logical portraits in stained glass, in rich and brilliant colorings, 
of the de Clares, the Despensers, the de Beauchamps and other 
benefactors of the Abbey, 

"Enraptured have I loved to roam, 
A lingering votary, the vaulted dome, 
Where the tall shafts, that mount in massy pride, 
Their mingling branches shoot from side to side; 
Where elfin sculptors, with fantastic clew. 
O'er the long roof their wild embroidery drew; 
Where superstition, with capricious hand, 
In many a maze the wreathed window plann'd, 
With hues romantic tinged the gorgeous pane, 
To fill with holy light the wondrous fane." 

No sketch of the life of Isabel (le Despenser), Countess of 
Warwick, before mentioned, the last of the Despensers, has 
ever been written, only a few short notices, but they reveal a 
life so pathetic in the thirty-nine years allotted to her on earth, 
amid such magnificent surroundings, and in whose history and 
that of her family there is interwoven so much tragedy, romance 
and chivalry, that one is reminded of the fact upon what a 
slender thread the glory of a great family rested in the thir- 
teenth and fourteenth centuries of our era. 

Possessed of immense wealth, of royal lineage, she lived in 
great state at Cardiff Castle where she was born; and also at 
Caerphilly Castle, that almost impregnable stronghold, the 
refuge of Edward ii, in 1326, when pursued by his relentless 
Queen Isabella, and whose ruins to-day are the wonder and 
delight of the antiquary; and at Tewkesbury Manor, whose 
ancient Abbey was so rich in historic interest to her, the burial 
place of many of her ancestors, whose tragic deaths are a part 
of England's history; and at Warwick Castle, on the banks of 
the Avon, the ancestral home of her second husband, Richard 
de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, remaining still to us a proud 
monument of baronial grandeur, and where a great pageant 
was given in July 1906, to illustrate its one thousand years of 
history. And no doubt she lived in regal splendor at the Castle 
of Rouen, when her husband was Regent of France, and where 


he died in April 1439, she, twice a grief stricken widow, father- 
less always, retiring a few months afterwards to the Convent 
of the Minories in London, to die. 

Her royal lineage, for she was of both Plantagenet and Castile 
and Leon descent, her vast possessions and all of life's pleasures 
a seeming mockery to her. Doubtless she had many times 
knelt at the altar in Tewkesbury Abbey, on the encaustic tiles 
emblazoned with the arms of her ancestors, and offered up her 
prayers for them and poured forth her grief from an over- 
burdened heart. 

"Prostrate on these cold tiles, what tears and sighs 
Have poured from breaking hearts the sacrifice." 

In Convent Walls, The Story of the Despensers, by Emily S. 
Holt, 1860, an historical novel, founded on fact, and written 
in the style of the fourteenth century, there is a very interest- 
ing and graphic account of the Convent life of the two young- 
est daughters of Hugh le Despenser, Jr., Earl of Gloucester, 
their mother being Alianora de Clare, born at Caerphilly Castle 
in November 1292, the daughter of Gilbert de Clare, Earl of 
Gloucester and his wife the Princess Joan of Acre, born in 
Palestine in 1272, the eldest daughter of Edward i, and his 
wife, Eleanor of Castile. 

Alianora le Despenser, the eldest of the two children, was 
contracted in marriage 27 July 1325, when quite young, to 
Lawrence de Hastings, Earl of Pembroke. The contract was 
broken by Queen Isabella, who, on 1 January 1327, sent a 
mandate to the Prioress of Sempringham, Lincolnshire, com- 
manding her to receive the young child and "to veil her imme- 
diately that she may dwell there perpetually as a regular nun." 

Margaret, her younger sister, was also forced to become a 
nun the same year, by a similar mandate of Queen Isabella. 
The two sisters lived together for many years in this Convent, 
and until their death, their companions being ladies of the 
highest rank, among them Matilda Neville, Maria Fairfax and 
Alicia Fairfax. Their aunt Alianora le Despenser was Prioress 
of Sempringham after they had reached their majority and 
they were present at her death about A.D. 1370. 


It is a sad tale of the enforced, secluded life of these two 
nuns, immured and veiled while little children in the Convent 
of Sempringham, by order of Queen Isabella, whose husband 
Edward ii, was their great uncle, their father having just been 
beheaded. Alianora le Despenser bemoaning always that she 
had been bereft of her betrothed husband, the Earl of Pem- 
broke, "with a longing cry within her for some real human love, 
that ceaseless regret for the lost happiness which was meant 
to have been hers." And Margaret, her younger sister, know- 
ing nothing of the outside world, falling in love with a young 
priest, a scion of the nobility, whom she met only at the con- 
fessional, complaining that she too had been torn from her 
family while yet a child, and forced to live ever afterwards 
within Convent walls,_to lead a life of self denial and communion 
with her own thoughts. 

"O, closed about by narrowing Nunnery walls, 
What knowest thou of the world and all its lights 
And shadows, all the wealth and all the woe?" 

The tragical history of the Despensers, the eldest branch of 
the family, now extinct, who lived during the reign of the 
Plantagenets, an era of wars and tragedies and the closing years 
of mediaeval life in England and one of the most important 
and interesting epochs in its history, is in marked contrast 
with the quiet and serene lives of the Spencers, the youngest 
branch of the family, who omitted the "le De," in their sur- 
name in the fourteenth century, who lived after the Reforma- 
tion and during the reign of the Tudors and Stuarts, an era 
of peace and literature and the pleasures of cultured life, whose 
history is so full of romance and poetry and made illustrious 
by the poetic pens of Spenser and Milton, of Ben Jonson and 

It was to Alice (Spencer)* Countess of Derby (1560-1636), 

* It was to her two sisters, Elizabeth, Lady Gary, wife of Baron 
Hunsdon, and Anne, Lady Compton and Monteagle, that Spenser dedi- 
cated his Muiopotmus, and Mother Hubbard's Tales. 

Baron Hunsdon was descended from Sir Thomas Gary, and his wife 


one of the daughters of Sir John Spencer of Althorp, Northamp- 
tonshire, the theme as well as the patroness, in her early life, 
of her poet kinsman Edmund Spenser,t the author of the 
Fairie Queene, to whom he dedicated his Tears of the Muses. 
She had the rare good fortune to be a personal link between 
Spenser and Milton, for Spenser died before Milton was born. 

This dedication was but the first of a long series of poetic 
honors to be paid to her, for to this Countess whose ''excellent 
beauty and virtuous behavior," is often spoken of, many of 
the poets of the day dedicated their masques, then the favorite 
form of private theatricals. 

In 1602, Alice (Spencer) Countess of Derby, was honored 
by a visit of four days from Queen Elizabeth, at her seat 
"Harefield Place," Middlesex, whom she received with all the 
pomp and pageantry of those days, in a round of feasts and 
other amusements, including "the first recorded performance 
of Shakespeare's Othello by Burbridge's players, (Shakespeare 
himself almost certainly among them), specially brought there 
for the occasion." 

But her greatest poetic triumph came to her in her old age, 
when " she was to cull that one more meet and memorable 
evidence of her most excellent deserts, which Spenser in words 
more prophetic than he himself knew had predicted for her 
forty-two years before, when he presented her in her blooming 
youth with his Tears of the Muses." She was now the friend 
and patroness of Milton, who wrote for her Arcades, a masque 

Margaret Spencer, daughter of Sir Robert Spencer, Knt. (1440) of Spencer 
Combe, Devonshire, and his wife Alianora (Eleanor) daughter of Ed- 
mund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, whose wife Alianora was the daugh- 
ter of Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick and the great granddaughter 
of Sir Hugh le Despenser. 

t Edmund Spenser is buried in Westminster Abbey, with this epitaph 
inscribed upon his tomb: 

Heare lyes (expecting the Second comminge of our Saviour Christ 
Jesus) the Body of Edmund Spenser, the Prince of Poets in his Tyme. 
Whose Divine Spirrit needs noe other witnesse than the works which 
he left Behinde him. He was borne in London in the year 1553 and 
died in the year 1599. 


performed before her by her young grand children, the children 
of her accomplished son-in-law, the Earl of Bridgewater and 
her daughter Fraunces, at her seat "Harefield Place," in 1633, 
on her return home, after a prolonged absence, and who had 
chosen this way of showing their love and respect for her. 

Milton also wrote for her family his immortal Masque of 
Comus* one of the most beautiful of his poems, which v/as 
first performed by her young grand children, the children of 
her son-in-law, the Earl of Bridgewater, at Ludlow Castle, in 
1634, where the Earl held his court as Lord President of Wales. 
It has been said of her that "the peerage book of this Countess 
was the poetry of the times." No other family in England has 
been so closely connected with the best of English poetry as 
the Spencers. 

It was for Robert, Lord Spencer of Althorp, Northampton- 
shire, the nephew of Alice (Spencer) Countess of Derby, and 
the friend and kinsman of Lawrence Washington, said to be 
the ancestor of General George Washington, that rare Ben 
Jonson wrote the Masque of the Fairies, which was performed, 
25 June 1603, at night, in the park at Althorp, on the occasion 
of the visit of Queen Anne of Denmark and her young son 
Prince Henry, of which Miss Strickland gives an interesting 
account in her life of the Queen of James i. 

And it was to the lovely Dorothy Sidney, daughter of the 
Earl of Leicester, and wife of Henry Spencer, First Earl of 
Sunderland, (1620-1643), killed at the battle of Newbury, 20 
September 1643, fighting for Charles i, that Edmund Waller, 
the poet, wrote his beautiful lyric Go Lovely Rose, pouring forth 
his love for her in strains of inmiortal melody, but all in vain, 
and as Sacharissa, making her the heroine of many of his 
poems. Her husband was the eldest son of William, Lord 
Spencer and Penelope Wriothesley, daughter of the Earl of 
Southampton, the friend of Shakespeare, who dedicated to him 

* Sir Egerton Brydges, in his life of Milton, observes that "Comus 
is the invention of a beautiful fable, enriched with shadowy beings and 
visionary delights; every line and word is pure poetry, and the senti- 
ments are as exquisite as the images. It is a composition which no 
pen but Milton's could have produced." 


two of his plays. She was the great niece of Sir Philip Sidney, 
the author of Arcadia, whom Cowper calls "the warbler of 
poetic prose," and who was commanded by Queen Elizabeth 
not to embark with Sir Francis Drake's second expedition 
against the Spaniards in the West Indies, "lest she should lose 
the jewel of her possessions," upon whose death in 1586, Edmund 
Spenser wrote his famous elegy under the title of Astrophel. 
She was the sister of the celebrated Algernon Sidney, the martyr 
patriot, who was beheaded in 1683. 

Her eldest daughter Dorothy Spencer became the wife of the 
great statesman, the Marquis of Halifax; her second daughter 
Penelope Spencer and her youngest son Henry Spencer, both 
died young. Her eldest son, Robert Spencer, Second Earl of 
Sunderland, ancestor of the Dukes of Marlborough, and of the 
Earls Spencer, was a famous statesman during the reigns of 
Charles ii, and James ii, and played an important part, as did 
other Spencers of that family, as members of The Virginia Com- 
pany, in the early settlement of that part of the New World. 

This fact doubtless induced Nicholas and Robert Spencer,* 
descended in the seventh generation from Robert Spencer of 
South Mylls, Bedfordshire, Gent. A.D. 1475, great grandsons of 
Robert Spencer and his wife Rose Cokaine of Cokaine Hat- 
ley, Bedfordshire, and younger sons of Nicholas Spencer and 
his wife Mary Gostwick, daughter of Sir Edward Gostwack, 
Knt., of Cople, Bedfordshire, thirty miles from Althorp, and a 
branch of the Northamptonshire Spencers, to emigrate to Vir- 
ginia. The late Earl Spencer, in a letter written by him in 
1890, to a member of the Spencer family of Talbot County, 
Md., stated that two members of his house Nicholas and Robert 
Spencer, brothers, had emigrated to America in 1657, with John 
and Lawrence Washington, also it appears from Bedfordshire, 
all of the young men being about the same age. 

It may not be generally known that the slab covering Law- 
rence Washington who died in 1616, with little doubt the grand- 
father of the Virginia emigrants, is in the chancel of St. Mary's 
Church, Brington, Northamptonshire, near the mortuary chapel 

* Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, vol. ii, page 33. 


containing the monuments, effigies* and armorial bearings of 
the Spencer family, who have been buried there from the reign 
of Henry viii, to the present time. 

Although Nicholas Spencer owned large tracts of land on 
the Eastern Shore of Maryland some, if not all of which he 
owned as late as 1667, he finally settled at "Nominy," in 
Westmoreland County, Virginia, where the Washingtons had 
established themselves. He was later known as Colonel Nich- 
olas Spencer and was Secretary of Virginia from 1679 to 1689, 
and acting Governor in 1683. He and his brother Robert 
Spencer were cousins of Lord Culpeper, Governor of Virginia, 
1680-1683. It may be added that the Mount Vernon estate 
was originally the half of five thousand acres of land that was 
assigned on division to John Washington, the great grandfather 
of General George Washington, in conjunction with Nicholas 
Spencer, under a patent from Lord Culpeper in 1670, who 
owned the Northern Neck of Virginia, and which later was 
inherited by his daughter Catherine Culpeper, wife of Thomas, 
5th Lord Fairfax. 

Robert Spencer, baptized at Cople, Bedfordshire, 5 May 1635, 
first came to Virginia in 1657, with his brother Nicholas, but 
soon afterwards went to Barbadoes where he lived for many 
years. He came to Maryland in 1678, and in 1683, was living 

* " So still, so still they lie 

As centuries pass by, 
Their pale hands folded in imploring prayer; 

They never lift their eyes 

In sudden, sweet surprise; 
The wandering winds stir not their heavy hair; 

Forth from their close-sealed lips 

Nor moan, nor laughter, slips, 
Nor lightest sigh to wake the entranced air. 

Yet evermore they pray! 

We creatures of a day 
Live, love, and vanish from the gaze of men; 

Nations arise and fall; 

Oblivions heavy pall 
Hides Kings and Princes from all human ken, 

While these in marble state. 

From age to age await 
The rolling thunder of the last amen!" 


in Talbot County where he died prior to April 1688. He left 
an only son James Spencer, who was born in Barbadoes in 
1667, and died in 1714, leaving by his wife Isabella, three sons 
James Spencer, Jr., of "Spencer Hall," Talbot County, Charles 
and Hugh Spencer and two daughters, Mary and Alice Spencer 
(born in 1799), both of whom died young. 
Among the prominent members of this family were and is: 

JOSEPH HOPKINS SPENCER, 1756-1782, son of Nicholas 
Spencer and grandson of James Spencer, Jr., 1693-1741, of 
"Spencer Hall," Talbot County, who joined the Continental 
Army while yet a youth, served throughout the War of the 
Revolution and died soon after. 

COLONEL PERRY SPENCER, of "Spencer Hall," 1756- 
1822. Member Flying Camp, 1776. War of the Revolution. 
Member Md. House of Delegates, 1804-1805, 1807, 1809-1810. 
Presidential Elector (Jefferson) 1801 and 1805, and Elector 
(Madison) 1809. Colonel 26th Maryland Regiment, 1807, and 
served in the War of 1812. 

RICHARD SPENCER, of "Beverly," 1760-1819. In the 
"IVIaryland Line," under General Smallwood at the age of 
seventeen. Present at the battles of Brandywine and German- 
town, 1777, and probably at the battle of Monmouth, June 
1778. He was with the troops at Valley Forge during the 
terrible winter of 1777-1778. 

LAMBERT WICKES SPENCER, 1776-1836. Judge of 
the Orphan's Court of Talbot County, 1830-1836. 

REV. JOSEPH SPENCER, D.D., 1790-1863. Professor of 
Ancient Languages, Dickinson College, Penn. 1822-1829. Rec- 
tor St. Michael's Parish, Talbot County, Md., 1829-1859. 
During a vacancy in the Episcopate of Maryland in 1839, he 
modestly declined the offer of an election to the Bishopric. 
He published several sermons and an occasional poem. 

HENRY SPENCER of "Mitcham Hall," 1791-1837. Mem- 
ber Md. House of Delegates, 1828-1829. 

RICHARD SPENCER of "Solitude," 1796-1868. Member 
Md. House of Delegates, 1823-1825, 1833-1835. Member of 
Congress, 1829-1831. 


MATTHEW SPENCER, 1803-1865. Graduated at Dickin- 
son College. Admitted to the bar, practiced his profession a 
few years, but abandoned it for the more useful, yet less lucra- 
tive, occupation of teaching. For many years Principal of the 
Classical Department of the Easton (Md.) Academy. He was 
"a man of pre-eminent talents, a thorough classical scholar, 
and possessed of almost unbounded scientific and general infor- 
mation." He was the author of several valuable treatises on 
education; an essay on Religious Development and Progress under 
Free Political Institutions, 1858; and a political poem Xilef. 

EDWARD SPENCER, 1834-1883. Graduated at Princeton 
College. An author, a poet, a magazine and an editorial writer. 
He wrote Kit, the Arkansas Traveller, a melodrama; Maturnus, 
a tragedy, 1876; Ldfe of Hon. Thomas F. Bayard; and a great 
part of Scharfs History of Maryland, 1879. "He was a writer 
of rare talent and remarkable literary versatility, with a grace 
of style common to but few writers of the day." The following 
poem was written to his little son Robert, in 1868. 


The amber grapes on yonder hill 

Above the laughing Rhine, 
The while their globes with juices fill, 

To ripen into wine. 
What know the grapes of dress and tun, 
Easily mellowing in the sun? 

My little lad with sunny hair, 

So merry at his play, 
A doll's welfare his simple care 

The livelong gliding day, 
What knows the child of life's weird dream, 
Carelessly floating in springtime's stream? 

The amber grapes grow ripe in time. 

Are gathered, pressed and sealed; 
The careless boy will reach his prime, 

To sober and grow steeled. 
But the wine will reck no more than the grape — 
What recketh the man in his molded shape? 


Of Being's problems, shapes and dreams, 

Of Life before and after, 
The hardened man has fainter gleams 

Than the nursling in his laughter — 
But this he learns — and so, is wise: 
Seeing is never because of eyes! 

And, if in wisdom he has strength 

To deem his learning naught, 
He comes to find true things at length 

Quite elsewhere than he thought: 
He seeth the path where true things move 
Only through eyes of Faith and Love. 

Graduated at Princeton College. Rector of Coventry Parish 
Somerset County, 1858, and of Somerset Parish, 1859. Rector 
of Immanuel Church, New Castle, Delaware, 1867-1881. 

SAMUEL SPENCER, 1847-1906. Graduated at the Uni- 
versity of Georgia, in 1867, "with first honors." Graduated in 
the Engineering Department of the University of Virginia, in 
1869, "again at the head of his class," with the degree of C. E. 
President Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, 1887-1888. 
President Southern Railway, 1894-1906. 

HENRY BENNING SPENCER, 1872-. Graduated at Har- 
vard University. General Manager Southern Railway, 1905. 
Vice-President Southern Railway, 1906-. 

The Spencers of Talbot County were never numerous; the 
old homesteads of the famil}'- "Spencer Hall," "Beverly," "Mit- 
cham Hall" and "Solitude," have long since passed into other 
hands, and the writer of this sketch is the last surviving mem- 
ber of his family in Maryland. 

How true it is as Shakespeare, in one of his sonnets, says: 

Like as the waves make towards the pebbled shore, 

So do our minutes hasten to their end; 
Each changing place with that which goes before, 

In sequent toil all forwards do contend. 

Time doth transfix the flourish set on youth, 
And delves the parallels in beauty's brow, 

Feeds on the rarities of nature's truth. 
And nothing stands but for his scythe to mow. 


The Anglo-French surname of le Franceis and le Fraunceys 
appears very frequently in the Close Rolls, temp. Henry iii. 
At an Inquisition as to Kirkleatham Church before the official 
of the Lord Archbishop of York, 1 Feb. 1267-68, Sir John 
Fraunceys is mentioned. (Surtees Society Publications, Vol. 
109). Robert le Franceis, William le Franceis and Phillippus 
Frances were living in Kent, temp. Edw. i. "Walter le Franceys 
is referred to in the Hundred Rolls, 1274. Everard le Fraunceis, 
was Mayor of Bristol in 1285. John le Fraunceys was Baron 
of the Exchequer, temp. Henry iii. Magister Johannes Fraun- 
ceis was summoned to Parliament at Westminister, 26 July, 
7 Edw. ii, 1313, (Parliamentary Writs). Rev. Richard Francis 
was Bishop of Waterford, Ireland, 1338. Sir Adam Fraunceys 
was Lord Mayor of London, 1353-1354. His daughter Maude 
Fraunceys married John de Montacute afterwards 3rd Earl of 
Salisbury, son of Sir John de Montacute, and grandson of the 
1st Earl of Salisbury. Simon Fraimceys was Lord Mayor of 
London, 1335-1356. 

The surname Francis was finally adopted. A branch of the 
family settled in Derbyshire where Sir Robert Francis was 
living in 1377, being knighted in that year at the coronation of 
Richard ii. He was then seized of the manors of Fornwerk, 
Engleby, Allestrey, Querndon, Boulton, Stretton, Biggin, Siden- 
hall, Hartestoft, Tibshelfe, and Tetingly, Derbyshire. Sir Rich- 
ard Francis was made Knight of the Bath in 1400. Sir Hugh 
Fraunceis, Knt., Suffolk, was living in 1430. Sir William Fran- 
cis was knighted in 1547. Thomas Francis was Regius Pro- 
fessor of Physic, Oxford, Clar. 1554, and Physician to Queen 
Elizabeth. Sir Edward Francis was a Member of Parliament 
in 1625, as was also Hon. John Fraunceis, a member from Devon- 
shire the same year. 

Hon. Philip Francis was Mayor of Plymouth, England, in 
1644, during the Civil War, and a Royalist. His son the Rev. 



John Francis, D.D., was Dean of Leighlin, Ireland, which he 
held until 1704. He was a scholar and was described as a 
very eloquent preacher. His son, The Very Rev. John Francis, 
D.D., was Dean of Lismore, in 1722, and Rector of St. Mary's 
Church, Dublin. He married Miss Tench, a lady of good 
family, and died in 1724, leaving a widow and five children; 
Tench, Richard, Philip, Mary and Anne Francis. 

The armorial bearings of this family were the same as those 
of a West of England clan of the same surname, and whose 
genealogical root is assigned by the Herald's ofRce to have been 
honored by Knighthood at the coronation of Richard ii, before 
mentioned, and the family tradition derived its origin from that 
part of England. 

Tench Francis, the eldest son, emigrated to America, of whom 
more hereafter. 

Richard Francis, the second son, born in 1705, entered Trinity 
College, Dublin, 20 April 1723, having been previously entered 
in the Middle Temple, 30 June 1719, and was called to the bar 
of that Inn, 15 May 1724. He emigrated to Maryland prior 
to March, 1733. He was a member of the Lower House of 
Assembly from the City of Annapolis, 1734-1737, and where 
he resided as late as 1739. He may have returned to Eng- 
land and died there. He was the author of a law treatise 
Maxims of Equity, which long held a high rank among books 
of authority, which was first published in 1729, and has fre- 
quently been re-printed. 

The Rev. Philip Francis, D.D., the youngest son. was born 
in Dublin about 1708. He took the degree of B.A., at Trinity 
College, Dublin, in 1728, and studied for the ministry. He 
was for a time curate of St. Peter's Church, Dublin. Prior 
to 1740, he married Elizabeth Rowe, who died in 1744, and 
who claimed descent from Sir Thomas Roe. 

Dr. Francis was the able translator of Horace and Demosthe- 
nes. His edition of Horace appeared in Dublin in 1743, and 
"made him a reputation as a classical editor and translator, 
which no subsequent attempts have been able to diminish." 
He went to England after the death of his wife, and where he 


held a Rectory in Norfolk, in 1749. He received the degree 
of D.D. in 1762, from the University of Dublin, and was a man 
of fine talents and learning. He died in Bath, England, 5 
March 1773, leaving an only son. 

Philip Francis, born in Dublin, 22 October 1740. He was 
educated at St. Paul's School, London, after which in 1756, 
he obtained a place in the Secretary of State's office, of which 
Henry Fox was the head. In January 1760, he went as Secre- 
tary of Lord Kinmont's special embassy to Portugal, and where 
he remained until November 1760. On his return to London 
he was presented at Court by Lord Kinmont. The Earl gave 
him the highest character for his ability and industry, and 
they were friends and correspondents during life. In 1761- 
1762, he acted as amanuensis for Pitt. In 1762, he married 
Miss Elizabeth Mackrabie, the daughter of a retired London 
merchant. In 1763, he was made first clerk in the war office, 
under Lord Barrington, and which he held for nearly ten years. 

Alexander Mackrabie, his brother-in-law, left England in 
1767, for a managing clerkship in a British mercantile house in 
Philadelphia. In March 1768, Francis writes from London to 
Mackrabie, as follows: "I so much agree with you about landed 
possessions in America, and the security that may arise again 
from them hereafter, that I shall commission my cousin Captain 
(Turbutt) Francis, who is now here, to purchase a thousand 
acres for me in the course of next summer, which he assures 
me he can do for a mere trifle." 

In a letter from Mackrabie to Francis from Philadelphia, in 
January 1769, he writes, "That cousin of yours and I have 
had some converse about lands. He is managing his own mat- 
ters in that way, and has promised to take care of a thousand 
acres for you." In another letter from Mackrabie to Francis, 
dated Philadelphia, 12 December 1769, he writes, "The only 
point of appearance in which Maryland differs from this prov- 
ince is, that they have not any large towns. The rivers, and 
their navigable branches, are so numerous, that the gentlemen 
of that country live generally upon their own plantations, and 
keep negroes to cultivate tobacco and other produce. 


Were it not that the expensive, hospitable manner in which 
everybody lives here, (for you may really go from house to 
house for a month, living upon delicatesses, and drinking 
claret you would not despise at the first tavern in London), 
and that their number of negroes and equipage serves as a 
mighty counterbalance, they would grow immensely rich; too 
rich, mon ami, for your system of American politics." In 
another letter to Francis, dated Philadelphia, 2 January 1770, 
Mackrabie writes, "He is actually in treaty for two tracts 
for you, and I think he will make you an American landowner 
as soon as he gets about again." 

In June 1773, Mr. Francis was nominated by Lord North, 
on Lord Barrington's recommendation, a member of the Su- 
preme Council of Bengal, India. Upon Francis's arrival in 
Calcutta, India, 19 October 1774, he entered upon his duties 
as a member of the Council. He fought a duel with Warren 
Hastings, 17 August 1780, and was severely wounded. 

He is said "to have made judicious suggestions for the gov- 
ernment of India, and to have proposed the permanent settle- 
ment of Bengal, afterwards carried out by Lord Cornwallis." 

In 1781, he returned to England. In April 1784, he was 
elected a Member of Parliament for Yarmouth, Isle of Wight, 
afterwards sitting for Appleby. In 1806, he was made a Knight 
of the Bath. 

Many critics, including Lord Macaulay, maintain that Sir 
Philip was the writer of the ''Letters of Junius." A biographi- 
cal sketch of him, says, "Francis, whether Junius or not, was 
a man of great ability and unflagging industry, arrogant and 
vindictive, and courageous in attacking men, rigid and even 
pedantic in his adherence to a set of principles which had their 
generous side; really scornful of meanness and corruption in 
others, and certainly doing much to vindicate the power of 
public opinion." 

Francis was the personal opponent of Warren Hastings in 
India, and the assistant of Burke in the Parliamentary impeach- 
ment of Hastings. He died 22 December 1818, leaving a widow 
and several children. 


Sir Philip Francis, K.C.B. (1825-1876), a grandson of Sir 
Philip Francis, was called to the bar at the Middle Temple, 
London, in 1845. In 1867, he was appointed Consul General 
in Constantinople, and Judge of the Supreme Consular Court 
of the Levant. He died 10 August 1876. He is said to have 
performed his long and most difficult duties with as much ability 
as integrity and uprightness. 

Hon. Tench Francis, the eldest son of the Rev. John Francis, 
D.D., and Miss Tench, was born about 1700, probably in Ire- 
land. He received an excellent classical education and came 
to America about 1720, and settled in Talbot County, Md., 
where he studied law and married 29 December 1724, Elizabeth 
Turbutt, born 17 March 1708, daughter of Hon. Foster Turbutt 
of "Otwell," Talbot County. He was Clerk of Talbot County 
Court, 1726-1734. One of the Burgesses in the Lower House 
of Assembly, 1734-1737, and Attorney General of Maryland, 
1735-1737. He afterwards removed to Philadelphia, as a better 
field for his talents and where he became a leading lawj^er. 
Attorney General of Pennsylvania, 1742-1754. Recorder of 
Philadelphia 1750-1755. He was very highly esteemed as a 
man, a lawyer and an author. He died 16 August 1758. At 
the time of his death. The Pennsylvania Gazette, of 24 August 
1758, and of which Hon. Benjamin Franklin was the proprietor, 
said, "071 Wednesday the 16th instajit died here, Tench Francis, 
Esq., attorney at Law. He was no less remarkable for his strict 
Fidelity than for his profound Skill in his Profession. He filled 
the stations of Attorney General of this Province, and Recorder of 
this City, for a Number of Years, with the highest Reputation. His 
domestic Virtues made him dear to his Family; his Learning and 
Abilities valuable tothe Community; toboth hisDeathis a real Loss." 

Mr. Francis is said to have been the first of the Philadelphia 
lawyers, "who mastered the technical difficulties of the pro- 
fession." His life was full of professional honor and unlimited 
public respect. 

The children of Hon. Tench and Elizabeth (Turbutt) Francis, 
were, John, Anne, Mary, Tench, Elizabeth, Margaret, Rachel, 
Turbutt and Philip Francis. 


John Francis, the eldest son, born in Talbot County, 20 Jan- 
uary 1726, died unmarried. 

Anne Francis, the eldest daughter, born in Talbot County 
1 October 1727, died 18 December 1771, married 30 September 
1743, Hon. James Tilghman. Their children were, Tench; 
Richard, who died unmarried; James, who married Elizabeth 
Buely; William, who became Chief Justice of Pennsylvania; 
Philemon, who entered the British Navy and married Harriet 
Milbanke, daughter of Admiral Milbanke, R. N.; Thomas Ring- 
gold, who died unmarried; Anna Maria, who married William 
Hemsley; Elizabeth, who married Major James Lloyd; Mary, 
who died unmarried; and Henrietta Maria, who married her 
cousin Lloyd Tilghman. 

Colonel Tench Tilghman, the eldest son of Hon. James and 
Anne (Francis) Tilghman, born in 1744, died in 1786, was an 
aid-de-camp to General George Washington during the War 
of the Revolution, and married in 1783, Anna Maria, daughter 
of Hon. Matthew Tilghman. Their eldest daughter, Anna 
Margaretta Tilghman, married in 1807, Tench Tilghman; and 
Elizabeth Tench Tilghman, her sister, married in 1811, Colonel 
Nicholas Goldsborough of "Otwell," Talbot County. 

Mary Francis, born at "Fausley," Talbot County, 19 Decem- 
ber 1729, died 1801, married William Coxe of New Jersey. One 
of their sons Tench Coxe, was an author and politician. 

Tench Francis, Jr., born at "Fausley," 3 November 1731, 
died 2 May 1801, married Anne, daughter of Charles and Anne 
Willing of Philadelphia. Mr. Francis was for many years agent 
of the Penn family in connection with Proprietary interests, 
and the first Cashier of the Bank of North America. He was 
a friend of General George Washington, who frequently men- 
tions him in his diary. One of his descendants, Plon, John 
Brown Francis, (1791-1864,) was Governor of Rhode Island, 
1833-1838, and United States Senator, 1844-1845, and another 
descendant, Hon. Thomas Francis Bayard, (1828-1898,) United 
States Senator from Delaware, 1869-1885. Secretary of State, 
1885-1889. Ambassador to Great Britain, 1893-1897. 

Elizabeth Francis, born at "Fausley," 20 September 1733, 


died in 1800, married John Lawrence. One of their grand- 
daughters Margaret Allen married her cousin Chief Justice 
William Tilghman before mentioned, and her sister Mary Allen 
married Hon. Henry Walter Livingston of Livingston Manor, 
New York. 

Margaret Francis, born at "Fausley," 24 August 1735, died 
in 1796, married in 1753, Chief Justice Edward Shippen of 
Philadelphia, one of whose daughters Margaret Shippen mar- 
ried in 1779, General Benedict Arnold. This alliance was an 
unfortunate one in many respects for the beautiful and amiable 
Margaret Shippen, but she was an excellent woman in every 
relation of life, and she had the satisfaction of moulding the 
character of several sons and daughters. Two of her sons 
reached high military positions in the British service, one of 
them attaining the rank of Major General. General Benedict 
Arnold was uniform in his kindness to her, but her letters pub- 
lished in The Pennsylvania Magazine, a few years ago, show 
that she was not a happy woman. She died 24 August 1804. 

Rachel Francis, born in 1737, married in 1760, first John 
Relfe, and secondly Matthew Pearce. 

Turbutt Francis, born in Philadelphia in 1740, died in 1797. 
He was a Colonel in the British Continental Army and dis- 
inguished in the French and Indian Wars. He married Re- 
becca, the only daughter of Samuel Miflflin. Their children 
were Tench, Samuel, who took the name of Miflflin, and Rebecca 
Francis, who married Matthias Harrison. 

Philip Francis, the youngest son, was born in Philadelphia 
in 1748. Admitted to the bar and practiced his profession in 
that city until his death. He married his cousin Henrietta 
Maria Goldsborough, born 1754, died 5 January 1839, daughter 
of Hon. John Goldsborough (1711-1778), of "Four Square," 
Talbot County. Their only son John Francis was lost at sea 
when a young man, and their only daughter Maria Francis 
married 23 November 1809, Dr. Tristram Thomas of Easton, 
Talbot County, Md. (See Thomas Family). 


The Cars, Carrs, Kers and Kerrs are all one family. The 
surname is widely distributed, being found in Norway and 
France, as well as in England and Scotland. The name of 
Ker or Kerr is of Scandinavian origin. It is found in the early 
North Saga of tenth century date, in which the deeds and voy- 
ages of Kari, the Icelander are described. It is said to have 
entered England with the followers of William the Conqueror, 
and a Karre certainly appears in the Roll of Battle Abbey, but 
that document is now generally discredited. The name is not 
in Domesday Book, but it may have come in a later immigra- 
tion from either Normandy or Brittany. Genealogists say, 
however, that '' no link between the Border Kers and any par- 
ticular Norman ancestor entering either England or Scotland 
at any particular date has yet been discovered." 

John Ker, the first of the name on record in Scotland, appears 
as a witness to the perambulations of the bounds of Stobo 
Manor, belonging to the See of Glasgow, in the reign of William 
the Lion, 1165-1214. Richard Ker, the next on record, is 
referred to in 1245, in a Charter to Melrose Abbey, founded by 
King David i, 1124-1153, now so picturesque in its ruinous 
solitude and so rich in historic and poetic association. The 
witchery of the place, the magic, the singular beauty of it 
all is incomparable. Here, within its crumbling walls, en- 
shrouded in ivy, Sir Walter Scott often lingered and mused 

"If thou would'st view fair Melrose aright, 
Go visit it by the pale moon-light; 
For the gay beams of lightsome day 
Gild, but to flout, the ruins gray; 
When the broken arches are black in night, 
And each shafted oriel glimmers white; 



When the cold light's uncertain shower 
Streams on the ruined central tower; 

* * * * 1>C * * 

Then go — but go alone the while — 
Then view St. David's ruined pile; 
And home returning, soothly swear 
Was never scene so sad and fair." 

A Robert Ker wa,s defendant in a case before the Justices of 
New Castle-on- Tyne, in June 1231, and the names of Robertus 
de Kari and Johannes Kir appear in 13th century handwriting 
in Durham. These seem to be the first of the name on record 
in England. 

Nicol Ker of Peebleshire signed the Ragman's Roll in 1296, 
as did Andrew del Ker of Stirlingshire. The Ragman's Roll is 
a list of all the Scotch barons and men of note who subscribed 
on a roll of parchment their fealty to Edward i. It contains 
the largest and most authentic enumeration extant of the nobil- 
ity, barons, landholders, burgesses and clergy of Scotland prior 
to the 14th century. For many years after the Conquest the 
name is found only in isolated instances in the public records 
and not until the beginning of the 14th century does it become 
frequent. It is often found then in the Patent Rolls and the 
Hundred Rolls and other records in England as del Ker, or 
Carr or Ker. 

In the reign of David ii, about the year 1357, when John 
Ker, of the Forest of Selkirk, acquired the lands of Auldtoun- 
burn, various families of Kers or Kerrs also acquired lands in 
Peeblesshire, Haddingtonshire, Dumfriesshire, Lanarkshire, 
Sterlingshire, and in Aberdeen. From this it would seem that 
though probably of the same stock, there are many families 
of the name in Scotland who are not descended from the great 
Border Houses of Cessford and Fernieherst who first settled 
in Teviotdale, at Ancrum, Cessford and Fernieherst. 

These Kers were very powerful on the Border, their influence 
extending from the village of Preston Grange in Lothian to 
the limits of England. Cessford Castle, the ancient baronial 
residence of the family, is situated on a ridge inclining towards 


the river Kale and within two or three miles of the Cheviot 
Hills. It was formerly of great strength, but is now in ruins. 

"There is given 
To the things of earth, which Time hath bent, 
A spirit's feeling, and where he hath leant 
His hand, but broke his scythe, there is a power 
And magic in the ruined battlement; 
For which the palace of the present hour 
Must yield its pomp and wait till ages are its dower." 

Miss Catherine L. Johnstone, in her Historical Families of 
Dumfriesshire, 1889, says: "In 1459, Andrew Ker of Cessford, 
John Johnstone of that ilk, George Ormiston, Charles Murray 
of Cockpool, William Carlile of Torthorwald, and James Ruther- 
ford of that ilk, are bracketted as **scuteferi" and as all "naval 
admirals/' in the list of Border Chiefs charged with the care 
of the marches. The chief landowners among the borderers 
were given baronial rights, which included the services of the 
freemen on their lands, whom they protected from each other 
and from the enemy." Their mode of life as described by 
Froissart in 1323, was of the roughest description, but when 
we read "that Bruce's army, which was all cavalry, contained 
a Knight or squire to every five troopers, its marvellous success 
is no matter of surprise." Froissart says, "They can live on 
flesh half sodden, without bread, and drink the river water 
without wine. But in those times even the table of a Prince 
of Wales was not supplied with modern refinement. At Perth 
on February 14, 1303, when the Earl of Warwick and Sir Hugh 
le Despenser dined with the Prince, afterwards Edward ii, on 
that occasion, the King's stores supplied 1600 herrings, 44 stock 
fish, 1 bushel of pease, | gallon of honey, 4 lbs. of anydoyne, 
§ bushel of salt,^ gallon of vinegar, two shillings worth of bread, 
and 62 sesterces of wine, and from the Prince's store were 
added nine pieces of sturgeon." 

Sir Andrew Ker, a descendant of Andrew Ker of Cessford, 
and also of John Ker of the Forest of Selkirk, left three sons, 
Sir Walter Ker of Cessford, Mark Ker, Abbot of Newbottle, 


and Thomas Ker of Fernieherst. These three sons all left 
descendants, and are now represented by the Duke of Rox- 
burgh and the Marquis of Lothian. 

On 24 July 1526, Sir Andrew Ker of Cessford, with the Earl 
of Angus, Lord Home and other Border Chiefs, while escorting 
King James v, to Edinburgh, were attacked near Melrose by 
Sir Walter Scott of Buccleugh and Branxholm on the Teviot, 
and the scene of Sir Walter Scott's Lay of the Last Min- 
strel, whose object was to free the King from the hand of the 

Sir Walter Scott, in his notes to Canto i, of this beautiful 
poem, says: "In consequence of the battle of Melrose on Hali- 
don Hill in 1526, there ensued a deadly feud betwixt the names 
of Scott and Ker, which, in spite of all means to bring about 
an agreement, raged for many years upon the Borders. Sir 
Walter Scott of Buccleugh was imprisoned, and his estates 
forfeited in the year 1535, for levying war against the Kers 
and restored by Act of Parliament, dated 15 March 1542, dur- 
ing the regency of Mary of Lorraine. But the most signal act 
of violence, to which this quarrel gave rise, was, the murder of 
Sir Walter himself, who was slain by the Kers in the streets of 
Edinburgh in 1552." 

From one of these various branches of the Ker or Kerr fam- 
ily, that of Cessford, it is claimed, was descended David Kerr, 
Sr., born 3 February 1749, in Galloway, Scotland, who emi- 
grated to America in the year 1769, and settled at Falmouth, 
on the Rappahanock River, opposite Fredericksburg, Virginia, 
where he engaged in mercantile pursuits. He remained there 
until 1773, when he removed to Anne Arundel County, Mary- 
land, and became a tobacco planter at Greenberry Point, on 
the Severn River, near Annapolis, where he married in March 
1773, Miss Bishop, granddaughter of Colonel Charles Ham- 
mond, the Provincial Treasurer of the Western Shore. After 
the death of his wife in October 1775, who left no issue, he 
married secondly 17 April 1777, Mrs. Rachel Leeds Edmondson, 
who died in 1830, widow of James Edmondson of Talbot County, 
the daughter of John Bozman and Lucretia Leeds, and sister 


of Plon. John Leeds Bozman, the historian. Mrs. Kerr's daugh- 
ter, by her hrst husband, Lucretia Edmondson married WilHam 
Barroll of Chestertown, Md. 

Mr. Kerr continued to reside in Anne Arundel County until 
1789, when he removed to Talbot County, and entered again 
into mercantile business, being associated with Robert Lloyd 
Nicols and Thomas Chamberlaine. Soon after his arrival in 
Talbot County, he became quite prominent in political affairs. 
Delegate to the General Assembly, 1788-1794, and again in 
1797. One of the Justices of the Peace, 1789. One of the 
Associate Judges of the County, 1801. One of the Judges of 
the Orphan's Court, 1802. He died 2 November 1814, a few 
months after the death of his youngest son, David Kerr, Jr., 
who died 23 August 1814, in the 32nd year of his age. 

Among the prominent members of this family were: 

JOHN LEEDS KERR, 1780-1844. Member of Congress 
from Maryland 1825-1829, 1831-1833. United States Senator, 
1841-1843. Presidential Elector (Harrison & Tyler) 1840. 

DAVID KERR, JR., 1782-1814. Member Md. House of 
Delegates, 1806-1809. 

JOHN BOZMAN KERR, 1809-1878, Member Md. House 
of Delegates, 1836-1838. Member of Congress, 1849-1851. 
Charge d'affaires to Nicaragua, 1851-1853. 

Attorney for Baltimore City, 1879-1895. Presidential Elector 
(Tilden.) 1876. 


The Markoe family was for many generations seated at Mont- 
b^liard, Franche-Compte, an old province in the east of France, 
which formed part of the old Burgundian realm at the close 
of the Middle Ages, then became a Spanish possession and was 
conquered by Louis xiv, in 1674, and annexed to France. The 
capitol is Besancon. 

The Markoes were Huguenots, and upon the revocation of 
the Edict of Nantes, a Proclamation of Louis xiv, of France, 
22 October 1685, which forbade the free exercise of the Protes- 
tant religion and annulling the Edict of Nantes, they resolved 
to emigrate. The promulgation of this Proclamation was fol- 
lowed by the emigration from France of about 300,000 persons, 
including artisans, men of science and letters, and others to 
Holland, England, America and the West Indies. 

Peter Markoe, a member of this prominent famil}'^, with his 
wife Mary, emigrated it is claimed, to the West Indies, and 
settled either upon the island of Nevis or St. Christopher, then 
as now two of the colonies of Great Britain. His son Peter 
Markoe, born 1702, died 1747, removed to the island of Santa 
Cruz, West Indies, and became the owner of an estate known 
as "Clifton Hill," and engaged extensively in the cultivation 
of sugar. He married Elizabeth Farrell, who was born 24 
October 1703, and died 14 May 1774. They had ten children, 
Peter, John, James, Abraham, Francis, Elizabeth, Isaac, Mary, 
Francis 2nd, and John Markoe, only one of whom Abraham 
Markoe came to America to live about the year 1770, settling 
in Philadelphia in the interest of the sugar trade of his family. 
He was followed later by his nephew, Francis Markoe and his 
niece Margaret Hartman Markoe, the one to enter Princeton, 
the other as the guest of her uncle, to enjoy the gaieties and 
pleasures of fashionable life in the Quaker City. 



Peter Markoe, the eldest son of Peter and Elizabeth (Farrell) 
Markoe, born 10 January 1722, remained a resident of Santa 

Abraham Markoe, before mentioned, the fourth son of Peter 
and Elizabeth (Farrell) Markoe, was born on the island of 
Santa Cruz, 2 July 1727, and married there in 1751, a widow 
Mrs. Elizabeth Kenny Rogers, but soon losing his wife, was 
left with the care of two sons, who were subsequently sent to 
Dublin to be educated. Abraham Markoe, after his wife's 
death visited Denmark, and finally emigrated to America and 
located in Philadelphia, not long before the War of the Revo- 
lution, but retaining his large estates in Santa Cruz. In 1772, 
he purchased a block of ground, bounded by Chestnut and 
Market and Ninth and Tenth Streets, upon which he built 
a handsome residence. In 1774, he was instrumental in raising 
the light horse troop, known as the ''City Troop," and was its 
Captain until forced to resign his command by Denmark's 
declaration of neutrality in October 1775. In the summer of 
1775, he presented to the Troop a flag which is believed to be 
the first bearing thirteen red and white stripes, symbolizing 
the thirteen colonies then asserting their rights and ultimately 
struggling for their independence. In the same year Congress 
adopted it on the recommendation of Franklin, Lynch and 
Harrison, but still retaining the British "Union" in a corner. 
This flag was raised over the American Headquarters at Cam- 
bridge, Mass, January 1, 1776. It was only after the Declar- 
ation of Independence, that Congress by a resolution adopted 
on January 14, 1777, ordered the Union to be replaced by thir- 
teen stars. At that time Captain Markoe owned valuable es- 
tates in Santa Cruz, a Danish possession, and they would have 
been confiscated, the penalty for the violation of the act of 

His son by his first wife, Peter Markoe, (1753-1792), was 
educated at Trinity College, Dublin, and studied law in London, 
but after returning to Philadelphia about 1783, devoted him- 
self to literature. His productions under the pen name of 
"A Native of Algiers," include The Patriot Chief, a tragedy 


(1783), Miscellaneous Poems, (1787), The Times, a poem (1788), 
and Reconciliation, a comic opera (1790). He died unmarried. 
His second son Abraham Markoe, born 1 October 1755, married 
5 October 1779, his cousin Mary Markoe, daughter of Isaac 
and Elizabeth (Rogers) Markoe. They left no issue. 

Captain Abraham Markoe married secondly, 16 December 
1773, Elizabeth Baynton, a daughter of Peter Baynton, an old 
merchant of Philadelphia, who died 26 January 1795, leaving 
him three children. One of their sons Isaac Markoe was lost 
at sea, on the packet ''St. Domingo," on his way to the West 
Indies. Elizabeth Baynton Markoe, their only daughter, born 
20 February, 1778, one of the belles of Philadelphia, died 20 
January 1842, married 22 October 1801, Isaac Hazlehurst, leav- 
ing issue. John Markoe, the youngest son, born 24 December 
1781, died 26 October 1834; married 6 February, 1804, Miss 
Hitty Cox, leaving issue 

Elizabeth Markoe, the eldest daughter of Peter and Eliza- 
beth (Farrell) Markoe, born 6 May 1732, died 16 December 
1801, married Frank Cr^qui a descendant of an old French 

Isaac Markoe, the sixth son of Peter and Elizabeth (Farrell) 
Markoe, born 4 July 1736, died 6 December 1777, married 
Elizabeth Rogers. Their descendants remained for the most 
part in the West Indies, although their daughter Anna Markoe, 
born 23 May 1765, who married 19 November 1785, Nicholas 
Cruger, who died in Santa Cruz, spent the latter part of her 
life in New York City, where some of her descendants now live. 
She married secondly William Rogers. 

Francis Markoe, the seventh son of Peter and Elizabeth 
(Farrell) Markoe, born 20 September 1740, died in 1779, seems 
to have been a resident of Santa Cruz. He visited America, 
but returned to the island. He married 15 June 1769, Eliza- 
beth Hartman, daughter of Isaac Hartman and Margaret Car- 
roll Nanton, born 19 August 1755, died 25 February 1791. 
Their daughter Margaret Hartman Markoe, before mentioned, 
born 7 November 1770, died 28 July 1836. During her early 
womanhood she visited Philadelphia, doubtless as a guest of 


her uncle Abraham Markoe, and where she was very much 
admired if we can judge from the effusion of some local poet 
of the day, while lamenting the void left by the absence of the 
young lady from one of their social entertainments. 

"Say why! amid the splendid rows 
Of graceful belles and polish'd beaux, 

Does not Markoe appear? 
Has some intrusive pain dismay' d 
From festive scenes the lov'Iy maid, 

Or does she illness fear?" 

She married first, 17 November 1791, Benjamin Franklin Bache, 
grandson of Hon. Benjamin Franklin, and secondly, 28 June 
1800, William Duane. Many of her descendants, through both 
marriages, are now living in Philadelphia. 

Peter Markoe, the eldest son of Francis and EUzabeth (Hart- 
man) Markoe, born 19 November 1771, died 1841, married 
November 1801, Mary Aletta Heyleger, leaving issue. 

Elizabeth Markoe, the second daughter of Francis and Eliza- 
beth (Hartman) Markoe, died 5 March 1855, married 5 June 
1794, Samuel Prom, a Danish gentleman of St. Thomas, West 
Indies. They had six children, two of whom died unmarried. 
Peter Prom, their only son, settled in Brazil and died there. 
Sarah Caldwell Prom, the eldest daughter, married Major 
Rowan of the British Army. Ann Elizabeth Prom married 
Count Scheel or Scheie, and Mary Aletta Prom married a 
Lutheran Clerygman in Copenhagen. Mrs. Prom and her 
family removed to Denmark, where she died at "Ryegarde," 
the Scheel estate, her son-in-law having succeeded to the title 
and estates. 

Francis Markoe, only son of Francis and Elizabeth (Hart- 
man) Markoe, was born 5 June 1774. He was sent to this 
country to be educated, and graduated from Princeton College, 
now Princeton University, in the class of 1795. He then en- 
tered the counting house of Mr. Yard of Philadelphia. He 
made frequent voyages to the West Indies, on business. On 4 
November 1797, he married Sarah Caldwell, daughter of Samuel 
and Martha (Round) Caldwell, of Philadelphia, and for the 


next ten years resided almost wholly in Santa Cruz. He then 
sold his share of their jointly inherited estate to his brother 
and returned to Philadelphia, where he established himself 
as a merchant. He finally removed to the City of New York, 
where he entered into partnership with his brother-in-law, 
Thomas Masters. He was a man of the highest probity of 
character and deeply religious. He died 16 February 1848. 
Among his ten children were Francis Markoe, for many years 
connected with the State Department, Washington, D.C. and 
Thomas Masters Markoe, M.D., a distinguished physician and 
Professor at Columbia University, New York City. 

Francis IMarkoe before mentioned, the third son of Francis 
and Sarah (Caldwell) Markoe, born 19 January 1801, died 31 
October 1872, married 7 October 1834, Mary Galloway Maxcy, 
daughter of Hon. Virgil Maxcy, who was killed by the explosion 
of a large gun on board the Princeton, 28 February 1844. The 
children of Francis Markoe and Mary Galloway (Maxcy) his 
wife, were, Mary Galloway, Francis, Sarah Caldwell, Cornelia 
Maxcy, Sophia Dallas, Emily Maxcy and Virgil Maxcy Markoe. 

Mary Galloway Markoe, the eldest child, died unmarried; 
Francis Markoe, Jr. married Maria Perry Thomas, (see Thomas 
Family); Sarah Caldwell Markoe died unmarried; Cornelia 
Maxcy Markoe died unmarried; Sophia Dallas Markoe mar- 
ried Professor Samuel F. Emmons; Emily Maxcy Markoe 
married D. C. F. Rivinus, and Virgil Maxcy Markoe married 
Mrs. — ■ — — Brown. 


When William the Conqueror invaded England in 1066, he 
found it peopled with the descendants of Britons, Saxonized 
Britons, Saxons and Danes. Very few of them had any sur- 
names, and as the population at that time was estimated to 
be about 2,500,000, added to which was the great influx of the 
Normans, it became absolutely necessary to adopt surnames, 
in order to distinguish one family from another. 

Among the divisions of land at the time of the Domesday 
Survey, in the County of Kent, was the hundred of Trepeslau, 
also called Trepeslai, Trepelau or Tripelau, which was after- 
wards known as Trippelowe. 

The name of Trippe does not appear in Domesday Book, but 
in the Rotuli Hundredorum, (Hundred Rolls) temp. Henry iii, 
1216-1272, the name of Gilbertus Trippe is mentioned, as also 
the names of Robertus and Walterus Trippe temp. Edw. i, and 
the name of Johannes Trip in the Parliamentary Writs and 
Writs of Military Summons, of that date. 

The hundred of Trippelowe, County Kent, is described in 
the Hundred Rolls, temp. Edw. i, which gave rise to a family 
of that surname, Ricardus de Trippelowe being mentioned in 
the Parliamentary Writs, in 1322. The name of Trippe was 
also derived from the same source, a family assuming that 
surname no doubt then owning a manor in that part of the 
fertile County of Kent. The name of Trippelowe seems to 
have been continued and applied to family estates in the Prov- 
ince of Maryland, for in 1693, Henry Trippe, the emigrant, in 
his will, gives and bequeathes to his son Edward Trippe all the 
tract of land called Trippelow's Forest, Dorchester County. 

The Trippe family were no doubt of Saxon origin, for after 
the battle of Crayford in A.D. 457, in which four thousand 
Britons are said to have been slain, the County of Kent was 
abandoned by the Britons, and taken possession of by the 



Jutes, under Hengest, the Saxon, who founded the Kingdom 
of Kent, the first of the Heptarchy, or seven Kingdoms of the 
Saxons. In A.D. 796, Kent was conquered by Cenwulf, King 
of Mercia, a Saxon, and about A.D. 823, it was conquered by 
Egbert, King of Wessex, who appointed his son Ethelwulf , King 
of Kent. Egbert was as a conqueror, the most successful of 
all the Saxon Kings. 

Nicholas Tryppe gave Laplands, County Kent, to Elham 
Church, in 1234-1242. Thomas Trippe and his son Thomas 
Trippe are mentioned in a deed of land at Sandwich, County 
Kent, 18 Edw. ii, 1325, from whom was descended John Trippe 
of Sandwich and Sellings, whose will is of 29 November 1543, 
and who left two sons John and Henry Trippe. 

John Trippe, the eldest son, was Vice Marshal of Calais, 
France, which was lost to England in 1558. He married a 
Miss Kel6 and left two sons Reginald and John, and one daugh- 
ter, Alienora Trippe. 

John Trippe, the second son, married first Benedita Boteler, 
and secondly Elizabeth More, who was living in 1644, and 
whose son Charles Trippe, of the Middle Temple, became a 
very distinguished lawyer. 

Charles Trippe, of Tripham, in the parish of Wingham, County 
Kent, was born in 1584. He entered St. Mary's College, 
Oxford in 1598. He married first Rose, daughter of Sir Thomas 
Harfleete of Ashe, County Kent, who died leaving no issue. 
He married secondly Katherine, daughter of Sir Edmund Bell 
of Ontwell, County Norfolk, son of Sir Robert Bell, Chief Baron 
of the Exchequer, leaving issue. He died at his house in 
Trapham, in the parish of Wingham, 12 January 1624, and is 
buried in the Parish Church of Wingham, in the "South Crosse 
Isle," where there is a fine mural monument to his memory. 

Henry Trippe, the second son of John Trippe (1543), before 
mentioned, of Sandwich and Sellinge, married whom is not 
known, and had a son. 

Rev. Henry Trippe, M.A., author and translator, who matric- 
ulated as a sizar of Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, in May 1562. 
Rector of North Okendon, Essex, 1570. Rector of St. Stephen's 


Walbrook, London, 1572. Rector of St. Faith's Church, Lon- 
don in 1583, and held it until his death. He translated The 
Regiment of Povertie, published in 1572, and wrote Brief Aun- 
swers to Maister Pownds Six Reasons, published in 1581. He 
married and left a son Francis Trippe, who married Marian, 
the only daughter of Daniel Shorte of Tenterden, County Kent, 
and died about 1620, leaving an only son. 

Rev. Thomas Trippe, born 1584, of Canterbury, County 
Kent, who married Henrietta Measaim of Richmond, County 
Surrey, and had three daughters and six sons, Henry, Thomas, 
James, John, Samuel and Henry Trippe, 2nd. Henry Trippe, 
the eldest son, died an infant. Thomas Trippe, the second 
son, is mentioned in Jesse's Memoirs of the Court of England, 
during the reign of the Stuarts, as having promoted with Mr. 
George Howard and Colonel Bamfield, on 20 April 1648, the 
escape of James ii, when Duke of York, from St. James' Palace, 
during the Great Rebellion: James Trippe born 1623; John 
Trippe, born 1625; Samuel Trippe of Chipping-Vfy combe. 
County Bucks, born 1628; and Henry Trippe. 

Henry Trippe, the youngest son of Rev. Thomas Trippe of 
Canterbury, County Kent, and great grandson of Rev. Henry 
Trippe, was born in 1632. He fought in Flanders under Wil- 
liam of Orange, and had the rank of Captain of Foot. He 
came to the Province of Maryland in 1663, bringing with him 
three of his command and located in what is now known as 
Dorchester County, and died there in 1698, and from him is 
descended the Trippe family of Maryland. 

The surname of Tripp is traceable also in West county records 
"for more than a hundred years prior to the time of Henry v, 
where the family held a most respectable position in Somerset- 
shire, and have numbered amongst their members churchmen, 
lawyers and soldiers, who have attained very creditable promi- 
nence," and where the family owned landed property temp. 
Henry viii, and for many generations afterwards, one of the 
estates being known as "East Brent." A branch of this family 
settled in Bristol, Gloucestershire, one of whom went to Hol- 
land, and amassed great wealth at Amsterdam, where, from 


him, a street is still called Tripp Street. His son was created 
in Holland, Baron Tripp, and one of his descendants was in 
the British Army and served in the campaigns against Napo- 
leon. He was most highly commended by the Duke of Well- 
ington in his Waterloo dispatch, *'as having conducted himself 
with much to my (his) satisfaction." Sir Walter Scott, in his 
Diary in October 1827, published in John Lockart Gibson's 
Life of Sir Walter Scott, says, "that he met him at Lord Somer- 
ville's and Uked him much." 

Another member, presumably of this family. Mynheer John 
William Van Trip, Postmaster General of Amsterdam, who died 
in June 1738, married Lady Catherine Grey, daughter of Henry 
Grey, third Earl of Stamford, and of the same family as the 
unfortunate Lady Jane Grey. (Brydges Collins' Peerage, vol. 
3, p. 368). And Cecilia Trip of Amsterdam, married John 
Munter, Counsellor of the Court of Holland, whose daughter 
Margaretta Cecilia Munter married William, first Earl of Cado- 
gan, a general officer in the British Army, who took part in 
the campaigns of the Duke of Marlborough and who succeeded 
his illustrious chief in his command of the army, (Burke's 

Among the prominent members of this family were and are : 

Burgess for Dorchester County, 1671-1675, 1681-1682, 1692- 
1693. Captain of Foot, 1676. Major of Horse, 1689. One 
of the Committee of Twenty for regulating affairs in Md. 1690. 
Justice, 1669, 1674-1676, 1681-1685, 1687-1691. 

CAPTAIN HENRY TRIPPE, 1724. Burgess for Dor- 
chester County, 1712-1715. Justice, 1715, 1717-1719, 1721. 

MAJOR HENRY TRIPPE, 1744. High Sheriff of 

Dorchester County, 1731-1733. Justice 1735-1744. Deputy 
Commissary, 1740; Burgess, 1733-1736, 1738-1742. 

EDWARD TRIPPE, . High Sheriff of Dorchester 

County, 1740-1742. Justice, 1740-1743, 1749-1758, 1760-1763, 


JOHN TRIPPE, — . Captain of Cavalry, 1750. 

LEVIN TRIPPE, 1752-1780. Killed on board of Privateer 
Isabella, at sea, during the War of the Revolution. 

LIEUTENANT JOHN TRIPPE, 1785-1810. Midshipman 
U. S. N. 5 April 1799. Master 6 May 1803. Served gallantly 
under Commodore Preble in attack on Tripoli, July-September 

On the title page of the Two Admirals, by J. Fenimore Cooper, 
are the following lines on Lieut. Trippe. 

Come all ye kindred chieftains of the deep, 
In mighty phalanx round your chieftain bend; 

Hush every murmur that invades his sleep, 
And guard the laurel that o'ershades your friend. 

ANDREW CROSS TRIPPE, M.A., 1839 . Confeder- 
ate States Army 1862-1865. Severely wounded at the battle 
of Gettysburg, 1863. Lieutenant and Ordinance officer, C. 
S. A. Attorney at law. 

JAMES McCONKY TRIPPE, 1874 . Member and 

Speaker House of Delegates from Baltimore City, 1912, 1914. 
Attorney at Law. 


At the completion of the Domesday Survey in 1086, among 
the manors in North Riding, in the hundred of Ryedale, York- 
shire, was Elmeslac, situated on the river Rye. It was one of 
the estates confiscated by the Conqueror, and which afterwards 
became the lordship or manor of Walter d'Espec, a Norman of 
high renown in his day, who having no issue of his own, left all 
of his estates in 1131, not settled upon three religious houses, 
to his three sisters. He founded one monastery Kirkham Pri- 
ory on the river Derwent, for Augustine Canons; one Rievaulx 
Abbey on the river Rye, for Cistercian Monks; and another 
Wardon, also Cistercian, in Bedfordshire. 

Walter d'Espec gave to Rievaulx Abbey much land and many 
rights in his manor and forest of Elmeslac. The first two 
Abbots William and Waltheof, were friends of St. Bernard, 
but the third, the Monk Ailred was the literary Abbot of Rie- 
vaulx and wrote its history. It was from Rievaulx that Abbot 
Ailred sent out the colony of monks who founded the celebrated 
Melrose Abbey, whose ivy clad ruins are so full of historic and 
poetic interest. Walter d'Espec, the aged founder, spent the 
last two years of his life as a monk at Rievaulx, and dying in 
1138, was buried there. The abbey is now in ruins. It was 
not only beautiful in itself, but it was beautifully situated in 
the quiet loveliness of the Valley of the Rye. 

"There, in their sepulchres of costly art, 

Where still the gold clings to the Parian stone, 

Legend and shield and eflSgy impart 
The accumulated fame of ages flown. 

O'er sainted dust the classic wreath is strewn. 
But now no mass is said — no requiem sung, 

The priest is mute, the choristers are gone; 
No votive "rose," upon the shrine is hung, 
No flowers upon the Founder's tomb are flung." 


As Walter d'Espec died without male heirs, the manor of 
Elmeslac, subsequently Helmeslae, Hamelac and finally Helms- 
ley, passed to his youngest sister Adeline, with the patronage 
of Kirkham and Rievaulx, and who married Peter de Ros temp. 
Henry i. They left a son Robert de Ros, the elder, whose son 
Everard de Ros, married an heiress Rose Trussebut. Their 
son Robert de Ros, the younger, built the Castle of Helmsley, 
near the town of Helmsley, and two miles and a half from 
Rievaulx Abbey, about the end of the twelfth century. Here 
his descendants dwelt for seventeen generations, until the castle, 
town and manor of Helmsley passed from the great and noble 
family of Ros, by marriage to the Manners family, one of 
whom Thomas Manners was created Earl of Rutland in 1526. 
Lady Katherine Manners, daughter and only child of the sixth 
Earl of Rutland, came into possession of all the vast estate of 
the family on his death in 1632. She married George Villiers, 
First Duke of Buckingham, the favorite of James i. 

Helmsley Castle was besieged in 1644, by Sir Thomas Fairfax, 
and surrendered to the arms of Parliament, and by its order 
was soon afterwards dismantled. It is now in ruins. 

"There is a spirit brooding o'er these walls, 
That tells the records of a bygone day; 

When, 'midst the splendor of thy courtly halls, 
A pageant shone, whose gorgeous array. 
Like Pleasure's golden dream, has passed away; 

Where Beauty's smiles, and winning graces, lent 
The witching radiance of their love-lit ray; 

And from the scene a mingled strain was sent 
Of music, laughter, festive song and merriment." 

George Villiers, Second Duke of Buckingham, the friend and 
companion of Charles ii, married Mary Fairfax, daughter of 
Thomas, Lord Fairfax. On the death of her father in 1671, 
the Duchess inherited all of his estates and her husband doubt- 
less squandered much of her property, as he had his own. Some 
years after the Duke's death, the Hemsley estates were sold 
to Sir Charles Duncombe, Lord Mayor of London in 1708, 
who died unmarried in 1711. His sister Ursula, having married 


Thomas Browne of the City of London, who, inheriting the 
fortune of Sir Charles Duncombe assumed with her husband 
the name of Duncombe. Their descendant William Ernest 
Duncombe, Third Baron Feversham was created Viscount 
Helmsley of Helmsley and Earl of Feversham, 25 July 1868. 

From the town and manor of Elmeslac,* the family of de 
Helmeslac, de Hamelac, de Helmysley , de Helmesle, de Hemelseye, 
de Elmeslay, de Hemelsey, de Helmesley, Hemysley, Emesley, 
Hemeslay, Emsley, Helmsley, Hemslay and Hemsley derived 
their surname. About the close of the sixteenth century, how- 
ever, the surname was usually spelt Hemsley, as shown by the 
wills filed and probated in the York Registry, and published 
by the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, Record Series. 

The first mention of the surname is in a grant from Robert 
de Stuteville iii, to Rievaulx Abbey, of the entire vill of Houston 
in 1181, wherein appears the name of Willelmo de Helmeslac, 
and also that of Bernardus de Helmeslac in 1291. {Chariulary 
of Rievaulx.) 

WilUam de Hamelac (Helmsley) was Prior of Helaugh Priory, 
in northwest Yorkshire, two miles from Reeth, in 1218. (Dug- 
dale's Monasticon Vol. 5.) Adam de Helmesle was Canon of 
Walton, Yorkshire, temp Edw. i. 

At an inquisition held in Yorkshire, 45 Henry iii, (1264), 
Walter de Hemelsey is mentioned, and at another inquisition 
held at York, in 1292, Robert de Helmysley is mentioned, and 
at an inquisition in 1302, the name of Henry de Hemelseye 

In the Issue Rolls of the Exchequer, 32 Edw. iii, 17 Jan. 1359, 
is this entry, "To Miles de Stapelton, in money paid to him by 
the hands of William de Helmesley, for his wages in going as 
the King's Messenger to Normandy. By writ of Privy Seal, 
&c, £50." 

Robert de Helmsley was Abbot, in 1370-1381, of Byland 
Abbey, (Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. 17), founded in 
1143, for Cistercian Monks, by Roger de Mov/bray, a great 

* The original nomenclature of Helmsley, meaning "a forest glade 
distinguished by a large elm tree." 


Norman, who to the calm retirement of Byland, in his old age, 
did the warlike founder retreat, and after having fought the 
Holy Wars in Palestine took upon himself the monastic habit 
and here ended his days. The once beautiful Abbey is now in 

"And lo, these mouldering fragments to sustain, 

Her graceful network nature's hand hath hung; 
Bound every arch with a supporting chain, 

And round each wall her living verdure flung; 
And o'er the floor that sepulchres the dead — 

The saints and heroes of departed years; 
The flower of memory lifts its modest head. 

And morning sheds her tributary tears." 

William de Helmesley was Member of Parliament from York? 
in 1392, and Lord Mayor of York, in 1395. 

John de Helmesley was Prior of Kirkham Priory, in 1398. 
It was situated in a meadow of great beauty on the river Der- 
went, and bounded by low wooded hills. 

John de Helmsley was Prior of Guisborough Priory, in 1398- 
1408, founded in 1129, for the Augustinians, by Robert de Brus, 
Lord of Skelton, eldest son of Robert de Brus, who came over 
with the Conqueror, and from whom was descended Robert 
Bruce, King of Scotland. Many of the Bruces, Nevilles, Laty- 
mers and D'Arcys are buried there. The Priory is said to have 
been "classical in its majesty and simplicity, a masterpiece of 
the highest type of Gothic design." 

In Testamenta Eboracensia, Surtees Society Publications, Vol. 
45, is the following profession. "1425, 20 Sept. Commission 
"to Nicholas, Bishop of Dromore, to veil Cecily, widow of 
"John Helmesley of Gisburne, and her profession. I, Cecill, 
"sometyme ye wyfe off John Helmesley, of Giseburn in Clive- 
"land, whose soule God assoyle, avowe to be chaste fro this 
"tyme forward, in the presence of you, holy fader, at this tyme 
"suffragayn of the kirke off Yorke, be the commission and 
"auctorite given you of myne wurschipfull lorde's WilUam the 
"dean and chapetre off York, the see of the erschebischopryke 
"beyng voyde; and I behete to lyfe stabely in this avowe 


"duryng my lyfe. And, in wittenes ther off, I with my owne 
"hand makes here this subscripcion. + " 

WilUam Helmesley was Prior of Newburgh Priory, in 1459- 
1463, founded in 1145, by Roger de Mowbray for Augustine 

Rev. William Helmsley, Vicar of Marske, in his will dated 8 
August 1460, directs that his body be buried in the high choir 
of Marske Church before the image of St. Germain. He be- 
queathed to the said choir his surplice for the honour of God, 
and twenty pence to the light of the Blessed Virgin, and twenty 
pence to the light of St. Germain, in Marske Church. These 
lights would be large wax candles burning perpetually before 
these images. 

Sir Richard Helmysley was Chaplain of Thrisk, Yorkshire, 
in 1471. Rev. William Helmeslay was Vicar of Patching, 
Sussex, in 1475. 

William Helmesley, D.D., a graduate of Oxford, was Abbot 
of Rievaulx Abbey, in 1513-1529 (Dugdale's Monasticon). It 
was the most beautiful of all the Cistercian Abbeys, situated 
on the river Rye, in a rich and well wooded valley, hidden in 
a deep glen, a lovely and sheltered haven and the most typical 
and perfect abbey of monastic England. Its Abbot was head 
of the order in England. Nowhere were there more splendid 
monasteries than in Yorkshire, many of them being situated 
in lonely mountain valleys away from the haunts of men. Sev- 
eral of their Abbots wore mitres, and sat in the House of Lords. 

In the York Register, published by the Yorkshire Archaeo- 
logical Society, Record Series, there are many wills of this family 
under the different ways of spelling, from 1535 to 1600. In 
the Parish Register of Otley, Yorkshire, is recorded the baptism 
of William, son of Alexander Hemsley of Denton, Yorkshire, 
in 1614. And another WilUam Hemesley was "buryed the 
16th day of Aprill 1628, Parish of St. Michael le Belfrey, City 
of York." 

The first members of the Hemsley family to settle in the 
Province of Maryland, were William Hemsley, a chirurgeon, 
his wife Judith and his daughter Penelope Hemsley, in 1658. 


It is not known positively from what part of England they 
emigrated, but it is more than probable they were from York- 
shire, where the family surname originated and was variously 
spelt for many generations. Like a great number of the early 
settlers William Hemsley took up and had surveyed several 
large tracts of land. These lands were located in what was 
then Kent County, but now lying partly in the counties of 
Queen Anne's and Talbot, on the Wye and Chester Rivers and 
on the Eastern bay, bordering upon the blue waters of the 
Chesapeake, a very beautiful and picturesque part of the East- 
ern Shore. 
Among the prominent members of this family were : 

WILLIAM HEMSLEY, 1685. Sheriff of Kent County, 

1663. Clerk of Talbot County, 1668-1673. 

WILLIAM HEMSLEY, 2nd, 1661-1699. Clerk of Indict- 
ments Kent County, 1696. Burgess for Talbot County, 1698. 

PHILEMON HEMSLEY, 1670-1719. Deputy Surveyor 
General 1695. Justice for Talbot County, 1702. Justice for 
Queen Anne's County, 1706, 1708. Burgess for Q. A. Co. 1708- 

VINCENT HEMSLEY, 1672-1729. High Sheriff of Talbot 
County, 1702-1703. 

WILLIAM HEMSLEY, 1703-1736. High Sheriff of Queen 
Anne's County, 1724. Justice, 1729. Burgess, 1728-1736. 

WILLIAM HEMSLEY, 1737-1812. Provincial Treasurer 
of the Eastern Shore, 1773. Colonel 20th Battalion Q. A. Co. 
Militia, 1777. Justice Q. A. Co., 1777. Member Continental 
Congress, 1782-1784. State Senator, 1779-1781, 1786-1790, 


The return of the survey for Domesday Book, which was com- 
pleted twenty years after the Conquest, shows at that time 
among the Terra Regis in Staffordshire was the manor of 
Rugehe, being a part of the confiscated estate of Algar, Earl 
of Mercia, who was the son of Leofric, Earl of Mercia and the 
celebrated Lady Godiva. 

In early ante-Roman days Staffordshire was famous for the 
presence and power of the Druids. According to Caesar's Com- 
mentaries, "The Druids attend to Divine Worship, perform 
public and private sacrifices, and expound matters of religion. 
They believe that men's souls do not perish, but transmigrate 
after death from one individual to another." 

"The sources of sacred things are hidden in night," says the 
Druid priest in Lights and Shadows of the Early Dawn, "our 
aged priests teach the sacred words in solemn chants to the 
priestly neophytes, and initiate them in the sacred rites. So 
we were taught; so shall we teach those that follow. We have 
but one image of the highest, if indeed, he is only an image! 
Our worship is directed to the Sun. Following his eternal 
course from east to west our sacred dances move. At his rising 
we rejoice. When in flowery May his beams once more begin 
to make the earth fruitful, we kindle in his honor the 'Fire of 
God,' and begin our year anew. When he has risen in mid- 
summer to his highest seat in the heavens, and reigns in his 
fullest might, we kindle the sacred 'Fire of Peace,' in honor of 
his peaceful and consummated dominion." 

The Druid priests had an unbounded influence over their 
followers at all times and on every subject; they held with a 
powerful restraining hand the reins of a government oligar- 
chical in its form and in directing all things, whether of a 
religious or secular character; they pretended to have the exclu- 
sive right and ability of educating the youth, and all by means 



of that power of mystificatioii which takes such deep hold upon 
the untutored mind. The religion of the Druids was dread- 
inspiring, and their rites and ceremonies barbaric. Their sac- 
rificial offerings to unknown deities, as most of their ceremonies, 
were performed in thick groves of oak, their sacred tree, they 
believing that the mysterious Author of Nature had chosen 
this tree as a medium of intercourse with the children of men. 
The poet Lucanus, a Latin author of the first century, thus 
describes one of their sylvan retreats for religious worship. 

Not far away for ages past had stood 
An old unviolated sacred wood, 
Whose gloomy boughs, thick interwoven, made 
A chilly, cheerless, everlasting shade: 
There, nor the rustic Gods, nor satyrs sport. 
Nor fawns and sylvans, with the nymphs resort. 
But bar'brous priests some dreadful power adore 
And lustrate every tree with human gore. 

In Saxon times Staffordshire formed part of the great King- 
dom of Mercia, which was remarkable for the tenacity with 
which the people clung to their old faith (paganism), and re- 
sisted the introduction of Christianity, but finally the new 
faith prevailed and some three centuries from the Norman 
invasion, a Cathedral was founded at Litchfield. Mercia was 
frequently invaded by the Danes and in 1016, when the Danish 
King Canute divided his conquests into four earldoms, Mercia 
was believed to have as many Danish as Saxon inhabitants. 

The manor of Rugelie contained several thousand acres of 
arable land, some mills and a large tract of woods. The town 
of Rugelie or Rugeley is situated near the south bank of the 
river Trent and although in a low situation, is in a delightful 
and healthy country. The family of Rugeley, with its various 
ways of spelling, was for several centuries quite numerous in 
Staffordshire, and received their surname from the place of 
their ancient original abode at or near the manor and village 
of Rugelie. 

Robert de Rugele attested a grant of lands, temp. 4 Henry 
iii, (1220). In the catalogue of the muniments and manuscript 


books pertaining to the Dean and Chapter of Litchfield, Staf- 
fordshire, there is mention of a "grant to Henry Pesseleive, 
Vicar of Rugeley, and his successors, of a vicarage house for 
12 d. rent from Richard de Rugley, with quit claim of the same 
in 1325." And a "grant from Juliana de Rugeley to William 
le Shepherd and William Tybbesau of a plot of land at Little 
Wyrley, called Lowefield in 1370." And on 25 March 1488, 
there is notice of the death of Thomas Rigeley, "Verger" of 
the Church. The verger is one who carries the mace before 
the Bishop and the other members of the Chapter, being also 
the chief officer of a cathedral, 

Shaw, in his History of Staffordshire, 1798, says, "Hawksyard 
was an antient manor, adjoining the town and manor of 
Rugeley, and had an old mansion, which was the seat of gentle- 
men for several years. I presume it was once the property of 
a family that assumed their name from this their place of 
residence. Of this family I have not found any particular 
mention, yet it is likely the estate was carried antiently by 
Hawksyard 's heiress into the family of Rugeley, who always 
bore Hawksyard's among their quarterings. Nor does it appear 
at what period the Rugeleys became lords of Hawksyard. It 
is asserted, indeed, that they were seated here temp. Henry iii, 
but I have not met with them, in this parish, before the reign 
of Edward iii, or a little earlier, from which time they appear 
to have been a family of consequence, allied by marriage to 
the neighbouring gentry, and to have spread themselves, and 
flourished in various places, at Longdon, Shenstone, Smallwood, 
Sarden, Callingwood, &c." 

Simon de Ruggeley was living temp. 7 Edward iii, when he 
released to Bishop Roger Northborough lands in Longedon and 
Ruggeleye, and in the years, 1336-1337, and 1339-1340, he 
was Sheriff of Staffordshire, and one of the family was a Knight 
of the Shire about the same time. Nicholas de Ruggeley was 
a contemporary with Simon. 

Humphrey de Rugeley was owner of Hawksyard temp. Ed- 
ward iii, it being then his seat. His son Thomas was living in 
1401. Nicholas de Ruggeley, son of Thomas, was Uving in 1429, 


and was the first of the family that had to do with Warwick- 
shire, for two years afterwards being then of Dunton, where 
the family was seated for six generations, he is recorded among 
the Knights and Esquires of this Shire who made oath, for 
observation of the articles concluded on in the Parliament then 
held. And he was also employed in discovering such persons 
as were disaffected to the Lancastrian interest and favored the 
York title to the Crown. 

In 1474, Nicholas Ruggeley, gent., and Thomas Ruggeley, 
gent., were amongst those who covenanted to aid and assist 
William Lord Hastings. Simon Rugeley, son of Thomas, was 
living in 1508, From him was descended Simon Rugeley of 
Hawksyard, who married Jane, daughter of Henry Skipwith 
of Leicestershire. He was Colonel and a brave officer of the 
Parliamentarians against Charles i, in the civil commotions. 

Tatenhill, Staffordshire, is a small rural village, situated in 
a deep, narrow valley, between two hills which gradually de- 
scend from the eastern border of Needwood forest, about three 
miles from Burton-on-Trent. 

"With what fond gaze my eye pursues, 
Needwood, thy sweetly-varying views! 
Satyr, or Nymph, or Sylvan God, 
A fairer circuit never trod! 
Charm'd as I turn, thy pictures seem 
The golden fabrics of a dream." 

In the Registry of the Parish Church at Tatenhill, among 
the first entries are the following : 

"1582, Thomas Rugeley, gent., and Jane Pegg, daughter of 
the then Rector, were married the last of June, 1582." 

In the pedigree of the Rugeleys of Shenstone, entered in 
1614, and descended from Robert Ruggeley of Hawksyard, 
Staffordshire, this Thomas Rugeley is mentioned as the second 
son of Rowland Rugeley of Shenstone and Smallwood, Stafford- 
shire, and as having married Jane Pegg of Tatenhill, and was 
the uncle of Richard Rugeley of Hawksyard and Shenstone. 

" 1585. Daniel, son of Thomas Rugeley, gent., baptized June 6 


1588. Jane, wife of Thomas Rugeley, gent., buried Jan. 8. 

1615. Mrs. Ann Ridgly, wife of Mr. Daniel Ridgly, buried 
March 10. 

1635. Richard, son of Benjamin Ridgeley of Dunstall, and 
Ann, his wife, was baptized February 10." 

Among the wills filed in the Prerogative Court, Canterbury, 
Kent, there is one of John Ridgley, gent, in 1562, of Middlesex, 
and one of Thomas Ridgeley, in 1598, of Hawksyard, Stafford- 
shire. It will thus appear that in the latter part of the six- 
teenth century, members of the Rugeley or Ruggeley family 
changed the spelling of their surname to Ridgeley, although 
there was a Richard Ridgley, Mayor of Nottingham in 1516. 

In The Visitation of Shropshire in 1Q23, Harleian Society Pub- 
lications, Vol. 29, is the pedigree of a branch of the Hawksyard 
family, being the Ridgleys of Albright Hussey, commencing 
with William Ridgley, whose son Humphrey Ridgley of Long- 
don, Staffordshire, married Margaretta Dudley, and left two 
sons and one daughter, Francis, Anthony and Dorothie. Fran- 
cis, the eldest son, married Maude, daughter of Thomas Gros- 
venor of Eton, in Cheshire, of the family of the Duke of West- 
minster, and had issue Margarett, Francis, Anne, and Jane. 
The arms of this family are the same as those used by the 
Ridgelys of "Hampton," and also the same as borne by Sir 
Rowland Rugeley, knighted in 1614. 

The founders of the Ridgely family in Maryland were Henry 
Ridgely who came to the Province, with his wife Elizabeth 
Howard and three servants, about 1659, and his brother William 
who arrived in 1672, both of whom settled in Anne Arundel 
County, and Robert Ridgely who came about 1634, and located 
in St. Mary's County. Henry and William are known to have 
been brothers, but it is not yet ascertained whether Robert 
was related to the other two. A part of the Ridgelys of 
"Hampton" were descended from Robert and Henry by later 

Among the prominent members of this family were: 

ROBERT RIDGELY, 1681. Clerk of the Council, 1665. 

Chief Clerk to the Principal Secretary of the Province, also 


Clerk of the Provincial Court, and Register and Examiner of 
the High Court of Chancery and Keeper of the Lesser Sea, 
1670-1671. Clerk of the Lower House of Assembly, 1671-168 

^ COLONEL HENRY RIDGELY, 1645-1710. Justice of 
Anne Arundel County, 1679-1694. Burgess for A. A. Co. 1692- 
1695. Major, 1692. Lieutenant Colonel 1694. 

^ HENRY RIDGELY, — 1750. Justice of Anne Arundel 
County, 1730. Of the Quorum, 1733-1742. 

^ NICHOLAS RIDGELY, 1694-1755. Captain of Foot, Kent 
County, Del. Clerk of the Peace. Justice of the Peace. Reg- 
ister in Chancery. Prothonotary and Judge of the Supreme 
Court of New Castle, Kent and Sussex Counties, Del. 

COLONEL CHARLES RIDGELY, 1702-1772. Justice for 
Baltimore County, 1741-1753. Burgess for Baltimore County, 

JOHN RIDGELY, 1723-1771. Justice for Baltimore County 
1750-1756. Of the Quorum, 1752-1753. Burgess for Balti- 
more County, 1768. 

Provincial Conventions, 1774, 1776. House of Delegates, 1774, 
1777-1781, 1783-1789. 

HENRY RIDGELY, . State Senator, 1779. House 

of Delegates, 1780. Governor's Council, 1791-1796. 

CHARLES RIDGELY of WILLIAM, 1749-1810. Mem- 
ber Md. House of Delegates, 1781-1786, 1788-1796, 1798, 1803. 

RICHARD RIDGELY . Delegate from Maryland 

to Continental Congress, 1785-1786. State Senator. 1786-1790. 

CHARLES RIDGELY, 1760-1829. House of Delegates, 
1790-1795. State Senator, 1796-1800. Governor of Mary- 
land, 1815-1818. 

NICHOLAS RIDGELY, 1762-1830. Attorney General of 
Delaware, 1791. Chancellor of the State, 1801-1829. 


HENRY MOORE RIDGELY, 1778-1847. Member of 
Congress from Delaware, 1811-1815. United States Senator, 

States District Attorney for Maryland, 1867-1869. He early 
showed poetical talents of a high order. His poems are 
characterized by a lofty sentiment and a playful wit. A vol- 
ume of his poems has recently been published by his daughter, 
Mrs. Camilla Ridgely Simpson. 

The record of the Ridgelys of "Hampton," would not be 
complete without special mention was made of two well known 
and splendid women of this family, who for many years have 
pursued the even tenor of their way engaged in charitable and 
philanthropic work. 

Miss Eliza Ridgely is an earnest, though quiet worker for 
the betterment of the human race, and the uplifting of the 
poor in the City of Baltimore. 

Miss Margaretta Sophia Ridgely, her sister, for the past seven 
years has been living at Cape Mount, West Liberia, Africa, 
engaged in teaching the benighted and half-civilized Africans 
the truths of the Christian religion and educating them for a 
higher sphere of usefulness. A life of self sacrifice. 

"The sweetest lives are those to duty wed, 

Whose deeds both great and small, 
Are close knit strands of an unbroken thread, 

Where love ennobles all, 
The world may sound no trumpets, ring no bells, 
The Book of Life the shining record tells." 


Abel, Jonathan, 6 

Adams, Rt. Rev. William Forbes, 

D.D., Bishop, 30 
Adrian IV, Pope, 48, 49 
Agassiz, Louis, 93 
Agincourt, Battle of, 65 
Ailred, (Monk), 142 
Albemarle, Duke of, 85 
Aldburgh, Eleanor (Goldsborough), 

Richard, 76 
Alden Francis L., 29 

John, 29 
Alexander I, 48 
Alexander III, Pope, 48 
Alexander, William, 80 
Algar, Earl of Mercia, 148 
Allen, Rev. John, 10, 56, 63 

Mary (Lowe), 10, 56, 63 
Althorp, 28, 66, 114, 115 
Amherst, Gen. Lord Jeffrey, 2 

Rev. Jeffrey, 2 
"Anderton," 10, 11, 16, 23, 56 

John, 56 
Angus, Earl of, 130 
Anne of Denmark, Queen, 114 
Aram, Eugene, 76 
Arnold, Gen. Benedict, 126 

Henry, 80 

Margaret (Shippen), 126 
Arthington, Henry, 75 

Mary (Fairfax), 75 

Maude (Goldesborough), 75 
"Ashby," 81, 83 
Athelhampston House, 102, 103, 

Atheling, Edgar, 42, 48 
Athol, Duke of, 15 
Auguste, Frangoise Laure (Brin- 
gier), 96 

Auguste, Baron Noel, 96 
Augustinians, 60, 145 
Austin, Elijah, 92 

Elizabeth A., 7 

John, 7 
Austyn, Elizabeth (Thomas), 2 

John, 2 
Avon River, 64, 110 

Bache, Benjamin Franklin, 135 

Margaret Hartman (Markoe), 
Bagnall, Symon, 85 
Baildon, Sir Francis, 76 
Ball, John, 62 

Thomas, 62 
Baltimore, Benedict Calvert, 4th 
Lord, 55 

Charles, 3rd. Lord, 55, 56 

Frederick, Lord, 24 
Bamfield, Col., 139 
Banning Jeremiah, 6 
Barbadoes, 81, 116, 117 
"Barbadoes Hall," 3 
Baron's Wars, 107 
Barrington, Lord, 122, 123 
Barrol, Lucretia (Edmondson), 131 

William, 131 
Bates, C. J., 49 
Battle Abbey, 98, 99 
Battle Abbey Roll, 99, 107, 127 
Bawdwin, Rev. William, 70 
Bayard, Thomas Francis, 125 
Baylay, Alice Leigh Armynel 

Groome", 15 

Atwell Charles, 15 

Maria Edmondson (Groome)^'', 15 
Baynton Peter, 134 
Beauchamp, Richard de. Earl of 
Warwick, 108 




Beauchamp, Richard de, Earl of 
Worcester, 108 

Walter de, Earl of Warwick, 106 
Beaufort, Alianora (Beauchamp), 

Edmund, Duke of Somerset, 113 
Bede, Venerable, 58 
Bedfordshire, 28, 142 
Bell, Sir Edmund, 138 

Eliza Howard (Ridgely)S 36 

Henry Lawrence, 36 

July (Black), 36 

Richard, 36 

Sir Robert, 138 
Bennett, Henrietta Maria (Neale), 

Richard Jr., 55 
Benson, James, 6 
Berkeley, Sir Richard, 67 
Berry, Thomas, 87 
"Beverly," 28, 117, 119 
Billingslea, Charles Levine", 13 

Charlotte Leigh", 13 

Charlotte Leigh (Spalding)io, 13 

James Howell", 13 

James Levine, 13 

Leeds Kerr", 13 

Mary Spalding", 13 

Robert Kerr", 13 

Susan (Haines), 13 
Bingley, C. McLean, 27 

Rev. Charles V., 27 

Clara Holmead (Martin)', 27 

Ellen Holmead", 27 

William McLean^", 27 
Binon, Ralph de, 53 
Birckhead, Christopher, 88 
Black Prince, 65, 74, 108 
"Bocage," 95 
"Boston," 11, 23 
Bosworth Field, 1, 108 
Boulogne, Battle of, 43 
Bowdle, Anne (Thomas) ^ 8 

Henry, 26 

Loftus, 8 

Bowdle, Mary (Goldsborough), 26 

Thomas, 104 
"Bowdon," 96 

Bowie, Catherine Worthington 
(Davis), 14 

Iva (Drake), 14 

John Leeds'", 14 

Lucy Leigh'", 14 

Mary Sophia (Gardiner)', 14 

Thomas Johns, 14 

Thomas Johns Davis, 14 
Boynton, Cecily, 76, 80 

Thomas, 76 
Bozman, John, 24, 57, 63, 130 

John Leeds, 57, 63, 131 

Lucretia (Leeds), 57, 130 

Mary Lowe (Allen-Glen), 5, 57, 

Risdon, 15, 24 

Col. Thomas, 57, 63, 88 
Bradford, John, 91 
Bradnox, Thomas, 61 
"Brambly," 14 
Brakespeare, Nicholas, 49 
Brandon, Charles, Duke of Suffolk, 

Bridgewater, Earl of, 114 

Fraunces (Spencer), Countess of, 
Brien, Maud de, 102 
Bringier, Aglae Du Bourg (de Ste 
Colombe), 21, 22 

Christophe (Colombe), 95 

Fran^oise, 95 

Hermione (Guignan), 95 

Hippolyt^ Charles, 97 

Ignace, 95 

Jean, 95 

Jean Baptiste Hippolyte, 95 

Col. Lonis Am^dee, 97 

Louise Elizabeth Aglae (Du 
Bourg), 96 

Marie (Douradou), 95 

Marie Elizabeth Augustine (Tu- 
reaud), 21 



Bringier, Marie Frangoise (Du- 
rand), 95, 96 

Marius Pons, 95, 96 

Marius Ste Colombe, 21, 96 

Martin Doradou, 97 

Michel Doradou, 21, 96 

Paul Louis, 95 

Pierre, 95 
Brinkley, Mary Goldsborough 
(Dallam) 9, 31 

Samuel Miles, 31 
Brooke, Margaret (Leigh), 69 
Brown, Alden", 30 

Bertha Eleanor (Dick), 30 

Betty Ann", 30 

Elisha Warfield, 30 

Eliza Thomas (Martin)', 30 

Margaret Martini", 30 

Mary (Brent), 30 

Nicholas, 3 

Robert Brenti", 30 

William, 30 
Browne, Dr. Bennett Bernard, 5 

George, 36 

George, Albert, 36 

Margaretta Sophia Howard 
(Ridgely)', 36 

Nellie, 36 

Thomas, 144 

Ursula (Duncombe), 143, 144 
Bruce, Robert, King of Scotland, 

Bruff, Joseph, 6 
Brus, Robert de, 145 
Bryan, William Shepard, Jr., 5 
Brydges, Henry, Duke of Chan- 
dos, 67 

Sir Egerton, 114 

James, 8th Lord Chandos, 67 
Buccleugh, Duke of, 52 
Buchanan, President James, 32 

Peggy Hill (Dorsey), 35 

Thomas, 33, 94 

William, 35 
Burns, Robert, 50 

Bussey, George, 68 
Butler, Audrey, 68 

John, Baron, 68 

Thomas, 3 
Byland Abbey, 60, 144, 145 
Byron, (Lord), ii 
Bysshe, Sir Edward, 79 

Cadogan, Margaret Cecilia (Mun- 
ter), 140 

William, 1st Earl of, 140 
Cadwalader, John, 88 
Caerphilly Castle, 110, 111 
Caesar, Dorcas (Martin), 100 

Sir Julius, 100 
Caldwell, Martha (Round), 135 

Samuel, 135 
Calvert, Lady Jane, 55 

Jane, (Lowe-Sewall), 55 

Jane, (Sewall), 55 

Gov. Leonard, 3 

Philip, 55 
Canterbury, Archbishop of, 79 
Cardiff Castle, 108, 110 
Carew Castle, 1 
Carlile, William, 129 
Carnan, John, 94 
Carroll, Caroline (Judic), 35 

Charles, of Carrollton, 19 

Francis Preston^", 35 

Henry Judic, 35 

Susan Poultney (Preston)', 35 

Thomas, 35 
Carter, Rachel, 86 
Cary, Lady Elizabeth, 112 

Frances (Daniel), 20 

John B., 20 

Margaret (Spencer), 113 

Sir Thomas, 112 
"Castle Hall," 18 
Caton, The Misses, 19 
Cavendish, Henry, 54 
Chamberlaine, Samuel, 6, 10 

Thomas, 131 



Chandler, Mary (Sewall), 55 

Col. William, 55 
Charles I. 1, 43, 59, 76, 114, 151 
Charles II. 115,143. 
Chatham, William Pitt, Earl of, 68 
Cheshire, 53, 54, 64, 65, 152 
Chester River, 3, 44, 147 
Cheviot Hills, 129 
Chichester, Earl of, 68 
Choptank River, 56, 87, 104 
Cistercian Monks, 60, 64, 142, 144 
Claiborne, William, 61 
Clarence, Duke of, 108 
Clayland, Elizabeth (Hemsley), 5 

Rev. James, 5 
Cleveland, President Grover, 22 

Duchess of, 99 
"Clifton Hill," 132 
Cluniac Monks, 60 
Cokaine Hatley, 115 

Sir Thomas, 54 
Colombe, Christophe, 95 
Combes, Maj. William, 4, 56 
Compton, Lady Anne, 112 
Cooke, George, 19, 94 
Cooper, J. Fenimore, 141 
Cople, Bedfordshire, 115, 116 
Coppuck, William, 62 
Cornwallis, Lord, 123 
Coursey, Edward, 44, 46 

Elizabeth (Foster-Lowe), 55 

Col. Henry, 3, 4, 44, 45 

Henry, 46 

John, 44, 46 

Juliana, 3, 44 

Katherine, 44 

Col. William iii, 3, 4, 45 

William, 2nd., 46 

William, 3rd., 44 
Coward, John, 16 
Cowper, William, 115 
Coxe, Mary (Francis), 124, 125 

Tench, 128 

William, 125 
Cranston, Bishop Earl, 30 

Cranston, Eudora Alden^", 30 

Jane (Montgomery), 30 

Laura Alden (Martin)", 30 
Crecy, Battle of, 65 
Crequi, Elizabeth (Markoe), 134 

Frank, 134 
Cromwell, Cecilia (Warfield), 21 

Sedwick T., 21 
"Crosiadore," 17, 23, 87, 88 
Cruger, Anna (Markoe), 134 
Culpeper, Lord, 116 
Currier, Albert Deane, 23 

Anna Dickinson (Thomas) *■>, 23 

Jonathan T., 23 

Marianna Thomas", 23 

Martha, 23 
Custis, Daniel Parke, 15 

D'Abetot, Almaric, 106 

Urso, 106 
Dall, Caroline Wells (Healey), 93 

Rev. Charles Henry Appleton, 

Charlotte (Lane), 94 

Eleanor (Ridgely-Laming), 94 

Eliza Bradford, 92 

Henrietta (Austin), 92 

James, St., 19, 91, 93, 94 

James 2nd, 92 

John, 92 

John Heathcote, 94 

John Robert, 94 

Joseph, 91, 92 

Maria, 92 

Mary (Parker), 92 

Meliora Ogle (Buchanan), 94 

Rebecca (Keen), 92 

Sarah Brooke (Holliday), 19, 94 

Sarah Keen, 92 

William 1st, 91 

William 2nd, 91 

William 3rd, 91, 92 

William 4th, 92 

William Healey, 93 

William Henry, 94 



Dallam, Alfred Rush', 31 

John L.9, 31 

John Paca, 31 

Mary Ann, (Thomas)*, 31 

Robert Lee^, 31 
Dallom-Lee, 91 
"Dalton," 19, 21, 94 
Dammery, Sir Thomas, 65 
Darnall, John, 56 
Dartington, Barony of, 100, 101 

House, 101, 102, 103 
Dart River, 101 
David I, 42, 48, 50, 127 
David II, 128 

Davis, President Jefferson, 22, 36 
Day, Elizabeth, 105 
Dearne River, 58 
de Courci, Miles, 43 

Richard, 41 

Robert, 41, 42, 43 

Sir John, 43, 44 

William, 43 
de Courcy, Almericus, 23rd, Baron 
Kingsale, 43, 44 

Gerald, 17th Baron Kingsale, 43 

Gerald, 19th Baron Kingsale, 43 

Gerald, 24th Baron Kingsale, 44 

John, 21st Baron Kingsale, 43 

Milo, 43 

Nicholas, 43 

Patrick, 20th Baron Kingsale, 44 
"Denton," 72, 75 
Derbyshire, 53, 55, 63, 120 
Derwent River, 142, 145 
d'Espec, Walter, 142, 143 
Despenser, Alianora le. 111, 112 

Alianora (de Clare) le, 111 

Barony of le, 107 

Constance (Plantagenet) le, 108 

Dominus Hugo le, 103 

Edward, 5th Lord le, 108 

Elizabeth (Montacute) le, 107 

Sir Geoffrey le, 107 

Hugh le, Earl of Winchester, 107 

Despenser, Hugh le, Earl of Glou- 
cester, 107, 111 

Sir Hugh le, 107, 113, 129 

Sir Hugh le, 4th, 107 

Margaret le, 11, 112 

Robert le, 106 

Thomas, 6th Lord le, 108 
Devonshire, iii, 100, 101, 120 
"Diccon," 84 
Dicconson, Rev. Abraham, D.D., 

Dick, Ann (Hartman), 30 

Ernest, 30 
Dickenson, Catherine (Dudley), 85 

Catherine, 85 

Charles, 85, 86, 87 

Dudley, 85 

Edward, 85 

Elizabeth (Bagnall), 85 

Elizabeth (Danby), 85 

Elizabeth (Powell), 87, 88 

Ellen, 86 

Fowke, 85 

Henry, 85, 86 

James, 85, 86 

Jane (Yarrett), 86 

John, 63, 85, 86 

Joyce (Fowke), 85 

Mary (Mears), 87 

Rachel (JKinge), 85 

Richard, 85 

Samuel, 85 

Symon, 85, 86 

Thomas, 84 

Sir Thomas, 85 

Walter, 85, 86, 87 

William, 85, 87, 88 
Dickinson, Charles, 88, 89 

Ellen Willard', 17 

Henry, 88, 89 

James, 14, 15, 88, 89 

James Overton', 17 

John', 17 

John, 88, 89 

Judith (Troth), 88 



Dickinson, Lucretia Thomas 
(Martin) 8, 17 

Maria Thomas (Goldsborough)S 

Mary (Cadwalader), 88 

Mary (Trippe-Webb), 17 

Gen. Philemon, 63, 86, 88, 89 

Rachel, 88 

Rebecca, 88 

Samuel, 17, 23, 88 

Dr. Samuel Philemon, 17 

Dr. Samuel Sharp, 17 

Samuel Thomas^ 17 

Solomon, 89 

Thomas, 88 

Van Rensselaer', 17 

Walter, 88 

William, 88 

William ElvinoS 17 

Williamina (Steele), 17 
Dickinson College, 32, 89, 117, 118 
Diconson, Hugh, 85 

Ralph, 84 

Thomas, 84 
Digges, Elizabeth (Sewall-Whar- 

ton), 54 
Dikonson, Thomas, 84 
Dispensator, Robertus, 107 
Dobbin, Elizabeth Swan (Key), 34 

Maria Kerr (Hemsley)', 34 

Maria Kerr Hemsley'", 34 

Robert Archibald, Jr., 34 

Robert Archibald, Jr.i", 34 

Robert Archibald, Sr., 34 
Dodsworth, Roger, 77 
Domesday Book, 1, 41, 107, 127, 

137, 148 
Douglas, William, 51, 52 
Douradou, Baron, 95 
Downes, John R., 9 
Drake, Eleanor (Boynton), 14 
Drake, Sir Francis, 115 

William, 14 
Dromore, Bishop of, 145 

Duane, Margaret Hartman (Mar- 
koe-Bache), 134, 135 

William, 135 
Dubourg, Pierre Frangoise (Che- 
valier), 96 
Dudley, Alice Leigh, Duchess, 66 

Edward, Lord, 85 

Hon. Geoffrey, 85 

Sir Robert, 66 
Dugan, Agnes Barry (Markoe)', 33 

Cumberland, 33 

Harriet (Buchanan), 33 

James Hammond, 33 

James Hammond^", Jr., 33 
Dumfriesshire, 8, 50, 51, 128 
Duncombe, Sir Charles, 143, 144 

Thomas, 56 

William Ernest, Earl of Fever- 
sham, 144 
Dunsmore, Baron, 68 
Durand, Catherine (Arnoux), 95 

Jean Baptiste, 95 
Dykenson, Sir William, 84 

Eastern Shore, ii, iii, 3, 116 
Easton, iii, 16, 29, 30, 31, 34, 126 
Eccleston, Major John, 11 

Sarah Ennalls (Hooper), 10 

Thomas I. H., 10 
Edmondson, Charles Lowndes', 15 

Charlotte Leeds (Thomas)'', 11, 

Elizabeth Ann (Lowndes), 15 

Genevieve (Cooke), 15 

Horace Leeds', 15 

Horatio, 14 

Horatio Leeds*, 15 

James, 130 

John», 15 

Maria Elizabeth (Groome-Daw- 
son), 15 

Maria Lloyd^, 15 

Mary Dickinson, 14 

Peregrine Groome', 15 

Pollard, 14 ^ 



Edmondson, Solomon, 88 

William, 88 

William Leeds^, 15 
Edward I, 58, 59, 72, 73, 100, 102, 

103, 107, 111, 120, 128, 137 
Edward II, 43, 73, 77, 102, 103, 107, 

110, 120, 129, 138 
Edward III, 59, 74, 103, 107, 108, 

144, 150 
Edward VI, 53 

Edward the Black Prince, 65, 74, 108 
Edward the Confessor, 70 
Egbert, 138 

Ellen Mc Williams (Young), 18 

Gen. Henry Clay, 18 
Egerton, Sir Thomas, 66 
Eleanor of Castile, 111 
Elizabeth, Queen, 43, 65, 66, 77, 

100, 113, 115, 120 
Ellesmere, Lord Chancellor, 66, 68 
Emmons, Samuel F., 136 

Sophia Dallas (Markoe), 136 
Emory, Anna Maria (Hemsley), 29 

Griselda (Holmes), 33 

Richard Lane, 33 

Gen. Thomas, 29 
Ennalls, Ann, 8 

Thomas, 8 
"Epsom," 19 
Ethelwulf, 139 
Evesham, Battle of, 107 
Exchequer Court, 79, 102 

Fairfax, Alicia, 111 

Catherine (Culpeper), Lady, 116 

Ferdinando, 2nd Lord, 75 

Margaret, 78 

Maria, 111 

Thomas Lord, 143 

Thomas, 3rd Lord, 143 

Thomas, 5th Lord, 143 
Falmouth, Viscount, 107 
Farrar, Edgar Howard, 36 

Lucinda Davis (Stamps), 36 
Fauconberg, Lord, 85 

"Fausley," 125, 126 
Fergusson, Alexander, 52 

Anna (Laurie), 52 
Fitzgerald, Alicia (de Courci) de, 43 

Warine de, 43 
Fitz Hamon, 109 
Flodden Field, 90 
Foster, Seth, 55, 61 
"Four Square," 31, 81, 126 
Fowke, Roger, 85 
Fowler, Louisa May (Thomas)", 7 

Robert, 7 

Roberts., 7 
France, Regent of, 110 
Franceis, Robert Le, 120 

William Le, 120 
Frances, Phillippus, 120 
Franceys, Walter le, 120 
Francis, Anne, 121 

Anne (Willing), 125 

Sir Edward, 120 

Elizabeth (Mackrabie), 122 

Elizabeth (Rowe), 121 

Elizabeth (Turbutt), 124 

Henrietta Maria (Goldsbor- 
ough), 31, 126 

John, 124, 125, 126 

Rev. John, D.D., 121, 124 

John Brown, 125 

Mary, 121 

Rev. Philip, D.D., 121 

Philip, 31, 120, 121, 124, 126 

Sir Philip, 31, 122, 123, 124 

Rebecca (Mifflin), 126 

Rev. Richard, 120 

Sir Richard, 120 

Richard, 121 

Sir Robert, 120 

Samuel, 126 

Tench, 31, 121, 124 

Tench, Jr., 124, 125, 126 

(Tench, Miss), 121 

Dr. Thomas, 120 

Turbutt, 122, 124, 126 

Sir William, 120 



Franklin, Benjamin, 124, 135 
Fraunceis, Everard ie, 120 

Sir Hugh, 120 

Hon. John, 120 

Mag ster Johannes, 120 
Fraunceys, Sir Adam, 120 

Sir John, 120 

John le, 120 

Simon, 120 
Frecheville, Sir Peter, 54 
Froissart, Sir John, 74, 129 

Gardiner, Charles Llewellin, M.D. 
12, 14 

Charlotte Leeds (Leigh)', 12 

Charlotte LeighS 14 

Eliza Caroline (Leigh) ', 14 

Lucretia Leigh', 14 

Mary (Llewellin), 14 

Thomas, 14 
Gerrard, William, 104 
Gibson, John Lockart, 140 
Glasscock, Henry, 68 
Glen, Mary (Lowe-Allen), 63 
Glen, Rev. William, 56 
Gloucester, Dean of, 109 
Gloucester, Robert of, 99 
Gloucestershire, 67, 139 
Godenesburg, 70 
Godiva, Lady, 148 
Goldesborough, Sir John, 74 

Sir Richard, 74, 75 

Richard, 75 

Rev. William, 79 
"Goldesborough Hall," 74, 76, 77 
Goldesbourg, Sir Thomas de, 73 
Goldesburg, Rev. Thomas de, 78 

Isabel de, 72 z 

Robert de, 72 
Goldesburge, Rev. Anthony de, 74 
Goldesburgh, Alys, 75 

Anne, 75, 76 

Anne, Domna, (Prioress), 78 

Anne (Ingilby), 76 

Rev. Anton de, 78 

Goldesburgh, Cecile, 76 

Edward, 74, 75, 76 

Elizabeth (Norton), 74, 75 

Elizabeth (Vavasour), 74, 75, 80 

Ellen, 76 

George, 75, 76 

Jane, 75 

Jane (Boynton), 76, 80 

Johan, 76 

John, 75 

John de, 72, 78 

Sir John de, 78 

Mary, 76 

Maude de, (Prioress), 78 

Nycolaa, 75 

Peter, 75 

Rauf, 76 

Ricardus de, 73 

Ricardus, Knt., 73 

Dominus Richardus, 77 

Richard de, 71, 72, 73 

Richard, 75, 76 

Sir Richard de, 72, 73, 77 

Sir Richard, 74, 75 

Thomas, 75, 76 

William, 76 
Goldsborough, Ada', 18 

Alice (Plumpton), 79 

Allen Moore^ 17 

Angelina (Hardcastle), 18 

Ann (Martin), 23 

Ann (Turbutt), 31 

Anna Giraulti", 37 

Anna Girault (Farrar), 36 

Anna (Reynolds), 18 

Brice John, 82 

Catherine (Fauntleroy), 17 

Charles, 18, 81, 82, 83, 88 

Charles Blomefield, 18 

Dr. Charles Bloomefield, 18 

Charles Fitzhugh, 83 

Charlotte B. (Wallace), 18 

Edward, Baron of the Exchequer, 

Eleonora (Goldsborough), 18 



Goldsborough, Ellen Royi", 37 
Elizabeth (Sargeant), 26, 27, 36 
Elizabeth Tench (Tilghman), 125 
Elizabeth Turbutti", 37 
Francis Farrar^", 37 
Rev. Godfrey (D. D. Bishop of 

Gloucester), 79 
Dr. Griffin Washington », 17, 18 
Henrietta Maria Francis', 37 
Henrietta Maria (Martin)*, 36 
Henry HoUyday, 83 
Howes, 31, 81, 82 
James, 23 
James N., 36 

John, 15, 24, 31, 81, 82, 126 
Com., John Roberta, 82 
Judith, 81 

Katherine (Egbert), 18 
Laird Shields", 18 
Laura Collins (Hall), 18 
Rear Adm. Louis Malesherbes, 

Lucinda Davisi", 37 
Margaret (Howes), 25, 81 
Maria (Thomas) ^ 17, 18 
Martha Laird", 18 
Martha Laird (Goldsborough'"), 

Martha Pearce (Laird), 18 
Martha Winder, 18 
Martin Worthington, 83 
Mary Emmet (Kennedy), 36 
Mary (Thomas)*, 11, 23 
Nicholas, 10, 11, 23, 79, 80, 81 
Nicholas, 2nd, 25, 26, 36, 81 
Rev. Nicholas, 79 
Gov. Philips Lee, 83 
Rebecca (Goldsborough), 31 
Dr. Richard, 82 
Richard Francis', 36 
Richard Henry, 36 
Robert, 15, 24, 31, 81 
Robert, Jr., 9 
Robert, 3rd, 81 
Robert, 4th, 82 

Goldsborough, Robert Henry, 82 

Sarah (JoUy-Turbutt), 11 

Sarah (Keene), 18 

Sarah (Yerbury), 31 

Thomas, 17 

Thomas*, 17 

Hon. Thomas, 79 

Thomas Alan'", 18 

Thomas Alan", 18 

Thomas H., 17, 18 

Washington Elwell», 18 

Washington Laird'", 18 

William, 81, 82 

William Tilghman, 82 

William Winder'", 18 

Winder Elwell'", 18 
Gordon, Louise Frangoise (Brin- 
gier), 97 

Martin, Jr., 97 
Gostwick, Sir Edward, 115 
Gouldesburgh, Ann (Arnold), 80 

(Fetherstonhaugh, Miss), 80 

Elizabeth (Alexander), 80 

George, 80 

Richard, 80 

Robert, 79, 80 

Thomas, 79, 80 
Gower, Elizabeth (Goldsborough), 

Sir John, 79 

John, 79 
Graham, Captain, 35 
Grey, Henry, 3rd Earl of Stam- 
ford, 140 

Lady Jane, 140 

Richard, Lord, 54 
Groome, Alice Leigh (Edmond- 
son)9, 15 

Elizabeth, 15 

Gov. James Black, 15 

Peregrine, 15 
Grosvenor, Thomas, 152 
Gryffidth, Rhys ap, 100, 102 
Guisborough Priory, 145 
Gyrth, 98 



Haget Bertram, 78 
Halifax, Marquis of, 115 
Hall, Anne Leigh", 13 

Delia (Hazzard), 18 

Evelyn", 13 

Gen. George, 18 

Henrietta Kerr", 13 

Henrietta Kerr (Spalding)", 12, 

Mary Spalding", 13 

Richard Duckett, 13 

Richard Duckett", 13 

Richard Henry, 13 

Ruth Leeds", 13 

Susanna (Perkins), 13 
Hambleton, Anna (Jones), 27 

James P. 27 

William, 6 
Hamelac, William de, 144 
Hammond, Col. Charles, 130 
"Hampden" 9, 27, 104 
"Hampton," 20, 36, 152, 154 
Handy, Henrietta Stewart (Pres- 
ton)*, 35 

Maria (Poultney), 35 

Thomas Poultney, 35 

William Winder, 35 
Hanson, Alexander Contee, 16 
Hanworth, Edelina de, 73 
Harefield Place, 113, 114 
Harold, 41, 70, 98, 99 
Harpur, Sir John, 54 
Harrington, Charles, 68 

Sir James, 67 
Harrison, Edward Spencer, 28 

Elizabeth (Dickinson), 11, 63 

Jane (Stiles), 28 

Matthias, 126 

Rebecca (Francis), 126 

President William Henry, 131 

William II, 63, 88 
Hartman, Isaac, 134 

Margaret Carroll (Nanton), 134 
Harvard University, 28, 92, 119 

Hastings, Battle of, 41, 98, 99, 100, 

Lawrence de. Earl of Pembroke, 
111, 112 

Warren, 123 

William, Lord, 151 
Hawardyn, de William, 65 
Hawkins, John, 4 
Hazlehurst, Eleanor Dall 
(Thomas)*, 20 

Elizabeth Baynton (Markoe), 
20, 134 

Francis Markoe, 20 

Henry R., 20 

Isaac, 20, 134 

Mary Anne (Thomas) », 19, 20 

Richard, 20 
Hazlewood Castle, 74 
Healey, Eleanor Hope^", 20 

Ellen Thomas (Hazlehurst) ^ 20 

Dr. Thomas A., 20 

Dr. Thomas M., 20 
Hebbeden, William de, 73 
Heber, Bishop Reginald, 72 
Heberton, William, 21 
Helaugh Priory, 144 
Helmeslac, Bernardus le, 144 

Willelmo de, 144 
Helmeslay, Rev. William, 146 
Helmesle, Adam de, 144 
Helmesley, Cecily, 145 

John, 145 

John de, (Prior), 145 

William, (Abbot), 146 

William, (Prior), 146 

William de, 144 

William de, (M. P.), 145 
Helmsley Castle, 143 

John de, (Prior), 145 

Robert de, (Abbot), 144 

Viscount, 144 

Rev. William, 146 
Helmysley, Sir Richard, 146 

Robert de, 144 
Hemans, Felicia, 101 



Hemelsey, Walter de, 144 
Hemelseye, Henry de, 144 
Hemesley, William, 146 
Hemsley, Alexander, 146 

Anna Maria (Tilghman), 125 

Anna Matilda (Wright), 34 

Elizabeth Tilghman*, 34 

Elizabeth (Tilghman), 34 

Judith, 146 

Nannie Bell (Thomas) «, 33, 34 

Penelope, 146 

Philemon, 147 

Thomas, 34 

Tilton, 34 

Vincent, 147 

William, 34, 125, 146, 147 

Capt. William, 4 
Hengest, 138 

Henrietta Maria, Queen, 56 
Henry I, 42, 48, 63, 60, 74, 143 
Henry II, 43, 58, 60, 64, 65, 71, 

78, 102, 107 
Henry, III, 43, 72, 107, 120, 137, 

144, 149, 150 
Henry IV, 65, 108 
Henry V, 65, 139 
Henry VI, 53 
Henry VII, i, 79, 108 
Henry VIII, i, 54, 64, 65, 67, 116, 

Henry, Prince, 114 
"Hermitage, The," 21, 97 
Hill, Sir Rowland, 65 
Hindman, Jacob, 16, 24 

William, 6 
Hoddesdon, Sir Christopher, 66 
"Holbourn," 87 
HoUiday, Achsah (Ridgely), 19 

Eleanor Addison (Smith), 19, 94 

John Robert, 19, 94 

Dr. Robert, 19, 94 
Holme, Inet (Goldesburgh), 75 
Holmead, Jane (Pairo), 27 

John B., 27 

Holmes, Rebecca Emily (War- 
field), 21 

Richard, 21 
Holt, Emily S., Ill 
Hornet, Sloop of War, 26 
Howard, Edwin Stevens^", 10 

Gov. George, 19 

George, 139 

James, 36 

Margaretta Sophia, 36 

Sarah Ennalls Hooper (Stev- 
ens) S 10 

Sophia (Ridgely), 36 

Thomas Bowie Contee, 10 
Howes, Abraham, 81 

William, 81 
Hughlett, Edward Waters, 23 

Madie (Thomas) », 23 

Roberta (Waters), 23 

William, 23 
Hunsdon, Baron, 112 
Hunt, Leigh, 29 
Button, Richard, Justice, 77 
Huyett, Daniel Gaither, 23 

Emma (Merrick), 23 

Ingilby, Edeline (de Ripley), de, 

Sir Thomas de, 75 

Sir William, 75 
Ironside, Edmund, 42 
Isabella, Queen, 103, 110, 111, 112 

Jackson, Gen. Andrew, 86, 96 
Jacobs, Anna Maria (Stevens)', 9 

Rev. Cyrus H., 9 
James I, 77, 114, 143 
James II, 43, 115, 139 
James V, 130 

James, Henrietta Louisa (Stev- 
ens)', 10 

John F., 10 

Sarah Elizabeth (Stevens)', 10 
Jefferson, President Thomas, 96 
Joan of Acre, 107, 111 



John, King, 43, 44, 101 
Johns, Richard, 6 
Johnson, Gen. Bradley T., iii 
Johnston, Maria, 19 
Johnstone, Catharine L., 129 

John, 129 
Jonson, Ben, 112, 114 
Junius, Letters of, 31, 123 

Kale River, 29, 48 
Kemeys, Baron of, 100, 102 
Kenner, Anne Guillelmine Nanine 
(Bringier), 97 

Hon. Duncan Farrar, 97 
Kent, England, 1, 58, 61, 137, 138, 

139, 152 
Ker, Sir Andrew, 129, 130 

Andrew, 129 

Andrew del, 128 

John, 127, 128, 129 

Mark, 129 

Nicol, 128 

Richard, 127 

Robert, 128 

Thomas, 130 

Sir Walter, 129 
Kerr, (Bishop, Miss), 130 

Charles Goldsborough, 131 

David, 130, 131 

David, Jr., 32, 131 

John Bozman, 131 

John Leeds, 12, 131 

Maria (Perry), 32 

Rachel (Leeds-Edmondson), 130 

Sarah HoUyday (Chamberlaine), 
Key, Ellen (Swan), 34 

Francis Scott, 34 

Philip Barton, 34 
Kighley, Clare (Baildon), 76 

Edmond, 76 

Lawrence, 76 
King, John, 4 

Juliana (Thomas)*, 4 
Kir, Johannes, 128 

Kirkham Priory, 142, 143, 145 
Kirkstali Abbey, 60 
Knareaborough Castle, 70 
Knight Crusaders, 71 
Knights Templars, 71 


Lacy, Henry de. Baron of Ponte- 
fract, 60 

Hugh de, 43 

Ilbert de, 58 
Laird, Williamina Elizabeth Cad- 
walader (Goldsborough), 18 

William Winder, 18 
"La Mansion Blanche," 95 
Lamdin, Marie Louise (Thomas)^", 

Eleanor Thomas", 21 

Nicholson Gist, 21 
Lancaster, Blanche, Duchess of, 

Duke of, 65 
Laurie, Annie, 8, 51 

Jean (Riddell), 51 

Sir Robert, 8, 50, 51 
Lauzon, Charest, Seigneur de, 96 
Lawrence, Elizabeth (Francis), 
124, 125 

John, 126 
Ledes, Sir Alexander de, 59 

Bryan, 59 

Henry de, 58 

John de, 59 

John de (Prior), 60 

Paulinus de, 58 

Richard de, (Prior), 60 

Robert de, 59 

Roger de, (Abbot), 60 

Simon de, 58 

William de (Abbot), 60 
Lee, Miss, 35 
Leedes, Alexander, 59 

Alexander de, 59 

Christopher, 61 

Edward, 61 



Leedes, Elizabeth (Hotham), 59 

George, 61 

Henry, 61 

John, 61 

Pauline de, 59 

Peter, 61 

Robert, 61 

Sir Roger de, 59 

Stephen, 61 

Thomas, 59, 61 

William, 61 

Sir William, 59 
Leeds, Christopher, 61 

Edward, 61, 62 

Sir John, 61 

John (Abbot), 60 

John II, 24, 57, 61, 62, 63, 69, 88 

Lucretia (Bozman), 57, 63, 130 

Michael, 62 ^ 

Rachel (Harrison), 11, 63, 88 

Ruth (Ball), 62 

Sir Thomas, 61 

Thomas, 61 

Timothy, 61 

Walter, 61 

William, 61, 62 
Legh, Agnes de, 65 

Hamon de, 65 

John, 65 

Margaret (Dammery-Savage), 65 

Margaret (Lowe), 53 

Sir Peter, 53 

Sir Piers, 65 

Richard de, 65 

Robert, 65 
Leicester, Earl of, 66, 114 
Leigh, Alice, 66 

Alice (Barker), 65, 66 

Ann, 68 

Ann (Chilton), 12, 69 

Ann Chilton*, 12 

Ann (Thomas)^ 11, 12, 69 

Arthur KerrS 12, 69 

Caroline Lady (Brydges), 67 

Catherine (Berkeley), 67 

Leigh, Chandos, Ist Lord, 67 
Charles, 66 
Christopher, 66, 67 
Dorothy, 69 
Edward, 3rd Lord, 67 
Edward, 5th Lord, 67 
Elizabeth, 67 

Elizabeth (Wriothesley), 68 
Ferdinand, 66 
Frances (Harrington), 67 
Francis, 67, 68 
George, 66, 67, 69 
George Howell, 12, 69 
George HowelP, 12 
George Singleton*, 12, 13, 69 
(Guyther, Miss), 68 
Harriet Chamberlaine', 12 
Henrietta Maria', 12 
(Howell, Miss), 69 
James, 67 
James Henry, 67 
Jared, 68 

John, 12, 14, 66, 68, 69 
Sir John, 66 
John Leeds', 14 
John Leeds^ 12 
Joseph, 69 

Katherine (Spencer), 66 
Laura', 12 
Lord, 1st, 66 
Lucretia Leeds (Thomas) ^ 11, 

14, 69 
Margery (Lowe), 67 
Mary, 66, 67 
Mary (Hrydges), 67 
Mary (Egerton),66, 67 
Massey, 69 
Roger, 65 
Rowland, 66, 67 
Sarah Anna', 12 
Sophia Leeds (Kerr), 12, 13 
Susan Norman, 68 
Theophilus, 67 
Thomas, 65, 66 
Sir Thomas, 65, 66, 67 



Leigh, Thomas, 1st Lord, 67 

Thomas, 2nd Lord, 67 

Thomas, 4th Lord, 67 

Ursula (Hoddesdon), 66 

William, 66, 67, 69 

William Thomas^, 12 

Winifred, 66 
Leofric, Earl of Mercia, 148 
Leofwine, 98 
Livingston, Henry Walter, 126 

Manor, 126 

Mary (Allen), 126 
Lloyd, Anne (Grundy), 36 

Deborah (Martin), 36 

Edward, 9, 10 

Elizabeth (Frisby), 36 

Elizabeth (Tilghman), 125 

James, 15, 36, 125 

Philemon iii, 4, 56 

Robert, 10 

Sarah (Martin), 36 
Longfellow, 72 
Long Island, Battle of, 46 
Lord of the Isles, 91 
Louis XIV, 132 
Low, Henry le, 53 

Martinus de, 53 

Robert le, 53 
Lowe, Anne, 54 

Anne (Cavendish), 54 

Dorothy, 54 

Elizabeth, 54 

Elizabeth (Foster), 55 

Elizabeth (Roe-Combes), 4, 10, 

Geoffrey, 53 

Grace, 54 

Henry, 54, 55, 56 

Hugo de la, 53 

Humphrey, 54 

Jane, 54 

Jane (Cokaine), 54 

Jane (Harpur), 54 

Jane (Sewall), 54 

Jasper, 54 

Lowe, John, 54, 55 

Katherine (Pilkington), 54 

Lawrence, 53, 54 

Margaret (Legh), 53 

Margaret (Lunstone), 54 

Mary, 54 

Nicholas, 54 

Col. Nicholas, 4, 10, 55, 56, 63 

Patrick, 54 

Prudence (Lowe), 55 

Robert atte, 53 

Robert de, 53 

Susannah Maria (Bennett-Dar- 
nall), 55, 56 

Thomas, 53, 67 

Thomas del, 53 

Vincent, 54 

Col. Vincent, 4, 54, 55, 56 

William del, 53 
Lowndes, Charles, 15 

Eleanor (Lloyd), 15 
Loyd, Edward, 87 
Lucanus, Poet, 149 
Lucy, Richard de, 80 
Ludlow Castle, 114 
Lunstone, John, 54 
Lymm, Richard de, 65 

Agnes (de Legh), 65 

Thomas de, 65 
Lytton, Lord, 76 

McCleland, Elizabeth Arnold 
(Thomas)", 7 

James, 7 

James Edmond", 7 

Sarah Elizabeth", 7 
McKim, David Telfair, 20 

Mary (Hawkins), 20 
Macaulay, Lord, 123 
Mackrabie, Alexander, 122, 123 
Madbury, Elizabeth (Thomas)*, 

John, 4 
Magna Charta, 107 



Magruder, Gen. John B., 69 
Malcolm III, 48 
Manadier, William, 6 
Mann, Edward, 4 
Manners, Thomas, Earl of Rut- 
land, 143 
Manning, Nathaniel, 9 
Markoe, Abraham, 132, 133, 134, 

(Mrs. — Brown), 136 

Cornelia Maxcy, 136 

Elizabeth, 132 

Elizabeth (Baynton), 134 

Elizabeth (Farrell), 132, 133, 134. 

Elizabeth (Hartman), 134, 135 

Elizabeth (Kenny-Rogera), 133 

Elizabeth (Rogers), 134 

Emma (MuUikin), 33 

Francis, 33, 132, 134, 135, 136 

Francis, I', 33 

Frankio, 33 

Frank Jr., 33, 136 

Hitty (Cox), 134 

Isaac, 132, 134 

James, 132 

John, 132, 134 

John Sutherland', 33 

Lucille Roselina", 33 

Margaret Hartman, 132, 134 

Maria Kerr', 33 

Maria Perry (Thomas)*, 32, 33, 

Mary, 132. 

Mary Aletta (Heyleger), 135 

Mary Galloway, 136 

Mary Galloway (Maxcy), 33, 136 

Mary (Markoe), 134 

Mary Rogers (Emory), 33 

Peter, 132, 133, 134, 135 

Sarah (Caldwell), 135, 136 

Sarah Caldwell, 136 

Dr. Thomas Masters, 136 

Virgil Maxcy, 136 
Marlborough, Dukes of, 66, 107, 
115, 140 

Marmontiers, Convent of, 99 
Martin, Allen Stevens', 27 

Ann (Goldsborough), 23 

Ann Elizabeth (Hambleton), 27 

Ann (Oldham), 29 

Ann (Thomas)*, 4, 8 

Anne (Thomas)*, 8 

Charles Tristram', 27 

Sir Christopher, 103 

Colinetus, 102 

Gov. Daniel, 105 

Deborah (Lloyd), 36 

de Tours, 100, 101 

Edward, 17, 29, 30, 36 

Eliza Jane (IVJartin)^, 27 

Elizabeth (Day), 4, 105 

Elizabeth (Goldsborough), 25, 36 

Elizabeth Martin, (Thomas)^ 29, 

Elizabeth (Maunsell), 104 

Elizabeth (Thomas) «, 26, 27, 28 

Ellen Francis', 30 

Ellen Francis (Thomas) ^ 31, 36 

Dr. Ennalls, 8, 105 

Eudora Roland (Alden), 29 

Francis, 104 

Francis Edward', 30 

Hannah (Oldham), 17 

Henry, 26, 27, 28 

Sir Henry, 103 

Henry Stevens', 27 

Sir James, 103 

James Lloyd, 36, 105 

James Lloyd', Jr., 37 

Jean (Thomas)', 8 

John, 104 

John, (M. P.), 103 

Sir John, 103 

John Nicholas Stevens', 27 

John Stevens, 27 

Joseph, 9, 27 

Joseph Henry', 27 

Juliana (Stevens) ^ 9, 27 

Lucretia (Thomas)^, 17 

Mary Ellen (Holmead), 27 



Martin, Mary (Ennalls), 8, 23 

Nicholas, 6, 17, 29, 103, 105 

Nicholas*, Jr., 29 

Baron Nicholas, 102, 103 

Sir Nicholas, 103 

Sir Oliver, 102 

Philip, 26 

Phoebe (Bowdle), 26 

Richard, (M. P.), 103 

Sir Richard, 100, 103 

Richard Herbert', 27 

Richard Tristram*, 27 

Robert, 102, 103 

Sir Robert, 103 

Baron Robert Fitz, 101, 102 

Robert Nicols, 8, 105 

Sir Rbger, 103 

Samuel Dorsey», 27 

Thomas, 4, 8, 23, 25, 36, 103, 104, 

Thomas, Jr., 4,8 

Sir Thomas, 103 

Thomas C.*, 29 

Tristram Thomas', 27 

William, 103, 104, 105 

William Jr., 8 

Baron William, 102, 103 

Sir William, 100, 103 

William Bond, 8, 105 
Marton, Alesia de, 73 

Philip de, 74 

Priory, 78 
Mary, of Lorraine, 130 

Princess, 67 
Masque of Comus, 114 

of the Fairies, 114 
Massey, Anna Maria (Goldsbor- 
ough)9, 18 

Elizabeth (Boone), 18 

William, 18 

William Boone, 18 
Matilda, Empress, 42 
Matthews, Albert Haw", 28 

Dr. Alexander, 28 

Ann Eliza (Spencer)*, 28 

Matthews, Eleanor Spencer", 28 

Emory Harrison'", 28 

Henry C, 28 

Henry Spencer', 28 

Lucinda Stoddert (Haw), 28 

Susannah Spencer (Harrison), 28 
Mauleverer, Sir John, 72 
Maunsell, Richard, 104 
Maxcy Virgil, 33, 136 
May, Rebecca (Potts), 9 

Col. Robert, 9 
"Melpomine," 96 
Melrose Abbey, 127, 142 
Mercia, Leofric, Earl of, 148 
Meredith, Sarah (Thomas) ^ 5 

William, 5 
Merlesuan, 70 
Metcalf, Celia (Fletcher), 35 

Joseph, 35 
Middle Temple, 121, 124, 138 
Mifflin, Samuel, 126 
Milbanke, Admiral, 125 
Milton, John, 66, 112, 113, 114 
Minores, Convent of, 111. 
"MitchamHall," 28, 117, 119 
Mitchell, Cecilia (Wallace)", 13 

Cecilia Wallace (Chapman), 13 

John Walter, 13 

John Walter, M.D., 13 

JohnWillson", 13 

Sophia Leeds", 13 

Sophia Leeds (Spalding) »», 13 
Monk Bretton Priory, 60 
Monmouth, Battle of, 117 
Montacute, John de, 3rd Earl of 

Salisbury, 120 

Sir John de, 120 

Maud (Fraunceys) de, 120 

William, Earl of Salisbury, 107 
Mount Vfernon, 116 
Mowbray, Roger de, 60, 144, 146 
MuUer, Charles, 21 
Muliken, Benjamin Franklin, 33 

Roselina (King), 33 



Munter, Cecilia (Trip), 140 

John, 140 
Murray, Charles, 129 

Sir John, 49 

Dr. William, 11 
"Myrtle Grove," 81, 83 

Napoleon, 140 
Needles, Edward, 8 

Elizabeth (Thomas)*, 8 
Nevern River, 100 
Neville, Anne, 108 

Anne (Beauchamp), 108 

Isabel, 108 

Isabel de, 78 

Matilda, 111 

Richard, Earl of Warwick, 108 
Newburgh Priory, 60, 146 
Newbury, Battle of, 114 
Newlin, Ruth (Cranston)", 30 

William Bleecker, 30 
Nicols, Johnathan, 24 

Robert Lloyd, 131 

Samuel, 6 
Nidd River, 70, 71 
Nith River, 50, 52 
"Nominy," 116 
Norman Conquest, 106, 109 
Norman, Richard, 68 
Normandy, 41, 42, 45, 127, 144 
North, Lord, 123 

Northborough, Bishop Roger, 150 
Norton, Sir Richard, 74, 75 
Nostell Priory, 60 
Nun Monkton Priory, 78 

Ogle, Gov. Samuel, 94 

Oldham, Ann (Goldsborough), 29 

Edward, 15, 29 
"Old Town," 17 
Ormiston, George, 129 
Oswald, King, 59 
"Otwell," 11, 124, 125 
Oxford, 4, 25, 56, 61, 63, 120, 138 

Paca, William, 16 
Paganel, Ralph, 70 
Palgrave, Sir Francis, 43 
Pancoast, Albert, 21 

Dr. Joseph, 21 

Rebecca (Abbott), 21 

Rebecca Emily (Thomas)', 21 
Patterson, Mary Anne (Caton), 19 
Pattison, Henry, 26 
Pearce, Matthew, 126 

Rachel (Francis-Relfe), 126 
Penson, Edward A., 86 
Perine, David M., 19 

Elias Glenn, 21 

Eliza Ridgely Beall (Washing- 
ton), 21 
"Perry Hall," 32 
Perry, Sarah (Rule), 32 

William, 6, 32 
Pesseleive, Henry, 150 
Pierce, President Franklin, 32 
Pilkington, Sir Arthur, 44 
Pitt, Robert, 68 

William, Earl of Chatham, 68, 
Plater, Charlotte Matilda (Ed- 
mondson)*, 14 

Elizabeth (Rousby), 15 

Elizabeth (Tootell), 14 

Gov. George, 14 

John Rousby, 14 

John Rousby', 15 

Margaret (Price), 15 
"Pleasant Valley," 18 
Plumpton, Sir Robert de, 72 

Sir William, 79 
Poictiers, Battle of, 108 
Polignac, Maj. Gen. (Count), 22 
Polwhele, Rev. R., 102 
Pontefract Castle, 58 
Porcher, Eliza Dall (Thomas),* 20 
Porcher, Peter, 20 

Dr. Peter, 20 
Powell, Howell, 87 



Preble, Commodore, 141 

Prentice, George D., 62 

Preston, Caroline (Ferryman), 35 

Charles Francis', 35 

Dickinson Logan', 36 

Eliza Ridgely Pue (Thomas)', 35 

Ellen Francis', 36 

Fletcher", 35 

Frances (Metcalf), 35 

Dr. Jacob Alexander, 35 

John Fisher, 35 

John Fisher, Jr.', 35 

Lawrence de, Knt., 73 

MetaC. (Graham), 35 
Price, Joseph T., 15 
Princeton College, 21, 118, 119, 135 
Pringle, Sir James, 49 
Prom, Elizabeth (Markoe), 135 

Mary Aletta, 135 

Peter, 135 

Samuel, 135 
Pryor, Elizabeth (Thomas)', 6 

William, 6 
Pue, Dr. Arthur, St., 35 

Rebecca Ridgely (Buchanan), 35 
Pye, Anne (Sewell-Rozier), 55 

Edward, 55 
Ragman's Roll, 128 
Reath, Alberta Pancoast", 21 

Benjamin B., 21 

Dr. Benjamin B., 21 

Emma (Wood), 21 

Florence Howard (Pancoast)^", 

Joseph Pancoast", 21 
Redman, Robert, 75 
Relfe, John, 126 
Revere, Paul, 91 
Reynolds, Rev. John, 18 
Richard I, 102 

Richard II, 59, 65, 108, 120, 121 
Richard III, 79, 108 
Richard Coeur-de-Lion, 102 
Richardson, Mrs. Hester Dorsey, 2 
Ridale, Anskitell de, Knt, 49 

Ridale, Walter de, 8, 48, 49 
Riddell, Agnes (Murray), 49 

Andrew, 49, 51 

Andrew (Jr.), 49 

Rev. Archibald, 49 

Catherine (Laurie), 50 

Elizabeth (Wauchope), 49 

James, 49 

Janet (Rigg), 49 

John, 49 

Sir John, 1st Baronet, 49 

Sir John, 3rd Baronet, 49 

Sir John Walter Buchanan, 11th 
Baronet, 8, 48, 50 

Katherine, 8 

Robert, 50 

Thomas, 49 

Violet (Douglas), 49 

Walter, 8, 49, 50, 51, 52 

Walter of Minto, 51 

Walter Robert, 50 

William, 49 
Ridel, Gervasius, 48 
Ridgeley, Ann, 152 

Benjamin, 152 

Richard, 152 

Thomas, 152 
Ridgely, Andrew Sterrett, 154 

Charles, 36 

Charles', 36 

Capt. Charles, 153 

Col. Charles, 153 

Gov. Charles, 19, 20, 94, 153 

Charles, of William, 153 

Eliza, 154 

Elizabeth Genevieve (Dumeste), 

Elizabeth (Howard), 152 

Ellen Francis', 36 

Henrietta Stewart (Thomas)', 36 

Henry, 152, 153 

Col. Henry, 153 

Henry Moore, 154 

John, 153 

Katherine (Smith), 36 



Ridgely, Margaretta Sophia, 154 

Margaretta Sophia (Howard), 36 

Nicholas, 153 

Otho Eichelberger, 36 

Otho Eichelberger', 36 

Richard, 153 

Robert, 152 

William A., 19 
Ridgley, Anne, 152 

Anthony, 152 

Dorothie, 152 

Francis, 152 

Jane, 152 

John, 152 

Humphrey, 152 

Margarett, 142 

Margaretta (Dudley), 152 

Maude (Grosvenor), 152 

Richard, 152 

William, 152 
Ridgly, Ann, 152 

Daniel, 152 
Rievaulx Abbey, 142, 143, 144, 146 
Rigeley, Thomas, 150 
Ringgold, James, 61 
Ripley Castle, 75, 76 
Rivinus, D. C. F., 136 

Emily Maxcy (Markoe), 136 
"Roadley," 23, 26, 28 
Robert of Gloucester, 99 
Robins, George, 81, 104 

Thomas, 104 
Robotham, George, 4 
Rochester, Eliza (Stevens) ^9 

Francis, 9 
Roe, Edward, 56 

Mary (Duncombe), 56 

Sir Thomas, 121 
Rogers, Anna (Markoe-Cruger),134 

Charlotte Matilda Leeds 
(Plater)', 15 

Edmund Law, 15 

Lloyd Nicholas, 15 

William, 134 
Ros, Adeline (d'Espec) de, 143 

Ros, Everard Peter de, 143 

Robert de, 143 

Rose (Trussebut) de, 143 
Ross, Ann (Thoma8)S 23 

Clinton', 23 

Lewis, Jr., 23 
Rossell, Patrick, de, 53 
Rouen, Castle of, 110 
Rousby, John, 4 
Rowan, Major, 135 

Sarah Caldwell (Prom), 135 
Roxburghshire, 47, 48, 50, 51 
Rozier, Benjamin, 55 
Rugele, Robert de, 149 
Rugeley, Daniel, 151 

Humphrey de, 150 

Jane, 152 

Jane (Pegg), 151, 152 

Jane (Skipwith), 151 

Juliana de, 150 

Richard, 151 

Rowland, 151 

Sir Rowland, 152 

Simon, 151 

Thomas de, 150 

Thomas, 151, 152 
Rugelie, 148 
Ruggeley, Nicholas, 151 

Nicholas de, 150 

Robert, 151 

Simon de, 150 

Thomas, 151 
Rugley, Richard de, 150 
Rush, Dr. Benjamin, 29 
Rutherford, James, 129 
Rye River, 142, 146 

Sacharissa, 114 
St. James' College, 28 
St. John's College, 12, 16, 19, 23, 69 
St. Michael's Parish, 117 
St. Peter's Parish, 8, 10, 16, 25, 104 
Sargeant, John, 26 
Mary, 26 



Sauv6, Eugenie (Tureaud), 22 

George, 22 
Savage, Sir John, 65 
Sayer, Maj. Peter, 4 
Scarborowe, Elizabeth (Goldes- 

burgh), 75 
Scheel, Ann Elizabeth (Prom), 135 

Count, 135 
Scott, Lady Alicia Anne (Spottis- 
woode), 52 

Lord John Douglas, 52 

Sir Walter, 48, 91, 127, 130, 140 
Sempringham, Alianora le Despen- 

ser, Prioress of, 111 
Severn River, 130 
Sewall, Henry, 54 

Jane (Lowe), 54 

Nicholas, 54 
Shakespeare, William, 64, 84, 108, 

113, 114, 119 
Sharp, Solomon, 88 
Sharpe, Governor Horatio, 63 
Shaw, Stebbins, 150 
Shepherd, William le, 150 
Sherborne, Bishop of, 42 
Sherwood, Thomas, 6 
Shippen, Edward, 126 

Margaret (Francis), 124, 126 

Dr. William, 29 
Shorte, Daniel, 139 
Sibley, Agnes Maria^", 33 

Clarence Clifford, 33 

Clarence Cliff ord'", 33 

Frank Markoe", 33 

George Pittmani", 33 

Nannie Markoe^", 33 

Nannie Thomas (Markoe)*, 33 

Tarrant, 33 
Sidney, Algernon, 115 

Dorothy, 114 

Sir Phillip, 115 
Sifford, Herbert Martin", 27 

John E., 27 

John Hunt, 27 

John Hunt, Jr'", 27 

Sifford, Mary Isabel (Martin)', 27 

Richard Holmeadi", 27 
Simpson, Camilla (Ridgely), 154 

William, 96 
Sinningthwaite, Priory of, 78 
Skerrett, Admiral Joseph S., 35 

Margaret (Taylor), 35 

Mary (Preston)', 35 

Robert Gregg, 35 
Skinner, Andrew, 24 

Elizabeth (Feddeman), 21 
Skipwith, Henry, 151 
Smallwood, Gen. William, 117 
Smith, Charles Spalding>S 13 

Charlotte Leigh (Spalding)", 13 

Capt. John, 61 

Joseph Byrd, 13 
Smyth, Martha (Thomas)*, 4 

Col. Thomas, 4, 5 
"Solitude," 28, 117, 119 
Somersetshire, 41, 42, 139 
Somerville, Lord, 140 
"Sotterly," 15 
South Mylls, 115 
Spalding, Anna Kerr", 14 

Arthur Kerr", 12 

Charles Clement, 12, 13, 14 

Charles Clement", 13 

Charlotte (Leigh)', 12, 13, 14 

Edward, 12 

Eliza Leigh", 12 

George Edward", 12 

Ida (MuUikin), 12 

Henrietta Kerr", 12 

Louella Bates (Davis), 13 

Mary", 12 

Mary (Floyd), 12 

Sophia Kerr (Leigh)', 12, 13 
Spencer, Alianora (Beaufort), 113 

Alice, 117 

Alice, Countess of Derby, 66, 
112, 113, 114 

Alice Herbert (Whiting), 28 

Anna Matilda (Martin)', 8 

Charles, 117 



Spencer, Rev. Charles Sidney, 
(D.D.), 119 

Combe, 113 

Dorothy (Sidney), Countess of 
Sunderland, 115 

Dorothy, 115 

Earl, 115 

Earls, 66, 107, 115 

Edward, 118 

Eleanor (Hopkins), 28 

Elizabeth Ellen', 28 
"Spencer Hall," 28, 117, 119 
Spencer, Henry, 28, 115, 117 

Henry Benning, 119 

Henry, 1st Earl of Sunderland, 

Hugh, 117 

Isabella, 117 

James, 117 

James Jr., 28, 117 

Sir John, 66, 113 

Rev. Joseph, (D.D.), 117 

Joseph Hopkins, 117 

Lambert Wickes, 117 

Mary, 117 

Mary (Gostwick), 115 

Mary (Sherwood), 28 

Matthew, 118 

Nicholas, 115, 116, 117 

Penelope, 115 

Penelope (Wriothesley), 114 

Col. Perry, 117 

Richard, 28, 117 

Richard HenryS, iv, 16, 28 

Robert, 2nd Earl of Sunderland, 

Robert, 28, 115, 116 

Sir Robert, 113 

Robert, Gent., 115 

Robert, Lord, 114 

Rose (Cokaine), 115 

Samuel, 119 

William, Lord, 114 
Spenser, Edmund, 66, 71, 84, 112, 
113, 115 

Spottiswoode, John, 52 
Stafford, Emanuel W., 23 

Mary Anne (Breedlove), 23 
Staffordshire, 54, 148, 149, 150, 151, 

Stamps, J. D., 36 
Standish, Miles, 29 
Stanley, Dean, 44 
Stapelton, Miles de, 144 
Steele, James B., 17 

Sarah Yerbury (Goldsborough), 
Stevens, Cynthia Jardeni", 10 

Cynthia Whiting (Magee), 10 

Edwin John*, 10 

Edwin John', 10 

Elizabeth (Connolly), 9 

Eliza (May), 9 

Eliza May', 10 

Hugh Eccleston', 10 

John*, 9 

John«, 9 

Juliana (Thomas)^, 9 

Julian Potts', 10 

Rebecca May', 9 

Robert May', 10 

Gov. SamueP, 6, 9 

Samuel', 9 

Samuel Eccleston', 10 

Sarah Ecclestoni", 10 

Sarah Hooper (Eccleston), 10 

Thomas, 9 

Tristram', 9 

William, 9 

William', 9 

Rev. William Augustus', 9 
Stewart, Henrietta Maria 
(Thomas) ^ 31 

Dr. James Van Dyke, 31 
Stockeld, John de, 72 
Stoneleigh Abbey, 64, 66, 67, 

"Stratton," 55 

Strickland, Miss (Agnes), 114 
Stuteville, Robert de, 144 



Taney, Roger Brooke, 19 
Taneyhill, Caroline Augusta (Mc- 
Allister), 30 

Ethel (Cranston)", 30 

Dr. George Lane, Jr., 30 

Dr. George Lane, Sr., 30 

Jean Cranston", 30 
Tathem, Sir John de, 72 

Walter de, 72 
Taylor, Louise Marie Myrth6 
(Bringier), 97 

Lieut. General Richard, C. S. A., 

President Zachary, 97 
Tennyson, 99 

Tewksbury Abbey, 108, 109, 110, 111 
Thackeray, 72 
Thomas, Albert Louis", 21 

Alice (Jones), 23 

Dr. Allen^ 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 

Gen. Allen*, 20, 21, 22, 97 

Allen', 22, 23 

Allen", 22 

Allen Bringier", 22 

Ann, 2 

Ann^ 11, 12, 26 

Ann Carson (Ferine), 21 

Ann (Emory), 29 

AnneS 5 

Anna Octavie", 22 

Anne^ 31 

Anne (Coursey), 3, 4, 5, 8 

Anne (Emory), 5, 6 

Arthur Pue», 35 

Beatrice Lodge", 7 

Benjamin^, 5 

Carver AUeyne^^, 7 

Capt. Charles^ 31, 34, 35, 36 

Charles Francis', 35 

Charles Tristram*, 32 

Christopher^, 1, 2, 3 

Christopher*, 4 

Christopher*, 5 

Clintonia G. (Wright-May), 34 

Thomas, Dall», 22 
Dall Lallande", 22 
David Kerr*, 32 
E. Jones', 35 
Eda (Bringier), 21 
Edmond', 6, 9 
Edmond Austin", 7 
Edmond George", 7 
Edmond John", 7 
Edmond John", 7 
Edmund, 2 
Edmund*, 4 
Edmund, Jr.^ 5 
Edward, 2 
Edward', 8 

Edward Theodore Leeds^ 26 
Eleanor Cecilia", 22 
Eleanor Francis', 35 
Eleanor (Holmes), 20 
Eliza Bradford (Dall), 19, 20, 21, 

Eliza (Jane), Mercer, 6 
Elizabeth, 4, 6, 9 
Elizabeth^ 5 
Elizabeth (Allen), 10, 11, 15, 16, 

56, 63 
Elizabeth Allen(Thoma3)^ 11, 26 
Elizabeth (Amherst), 2 
Elizabeth Baltzell*, 35 
Elizabeth (Higgins), 3 
Elizabeth (Martin), 11, 25, 26, 28 
Elizabeth Mepham", 7 
Ellen Dickinson", 23 
Ellen Martin*, 35 
Elma (Bergeron), 22 
Emma (Balz), 7 
Frances (Pattison), 26 
George Warfield Holmes^", 21 
Hannah (Coward), 16, 17, 18, 23 
Henrietta", 6 
Henrietta Elizabeth", 7 
Henrietta Francis*, 32 
Henrietta Stevens^, 6, 7, 9 
Henry Dickinson*, 33 
Henry Hill*, 35 



Thomas, Henry Timberlake^', 7 
Holmes', 21 
Isabella, 11 
Iva Marie', 35 
JamesS 11, 16, 17, 18, 23 
Jamesi", 22 
Rev. James*, 6, 9 
James Allen', 26 
James Austin AUeyne^^, 7 
James Bringier^", 21 
James DalP, 20 
James Goldsborougb*, 23 
James Guthrie^", 6 
James Stevens', 6, 7, 9, 
James Stevens", 7 
Jane (Goldsborough), 23 
Jane (Smith), 5 

Jean (Riddell), 8, 10, 23, 51, 52 
John«, 6 
John', 16 
John', 6, 9 
John, Jr., 8 6, 7, 9 
Rev. John, 2 
John Alien', 11 
John Arthur Wade^o, 21 
John James", 7 
Lieut. John Leeds', 26 
John Leeds*, 26 
John Ridgely', 22 
John Robert Dall 8, 20 
John Rogers*, 32 
John of Wye', 6, 9 
Joseph*, 5 

Josephine (Stafford), 23 
Joshua', 5 

Judith (Clayland), 5, 9 
Juliana', 8 
Juliana', 31 

Julien Bringier Trist', 22 
Katherine', 8 
Leonard, 2 

Louisa Cecilia (Austin), 7 
Louisa Cecilia^'^, 7 
Louisa Cecilia (Hayes), 7 
Louisa May (Fowler) i", 7 

Thomas, Lucretia'', 26 
Margaret (Amherst), 2 
Margaret (McKim), 20 
Margaret Williams (Cromwell), 

Maria (Francis), 31, 34, 36, 126 
Maria Ridgely (Pue), 35, 36 
Maria (Sauv6), 22 
Mariana Moore (Dickinson)', 

17, 23 
Marion Agarba*', 22 
Mary, 2, 5 

Mary Agnes (Saal), 22 
Mary Ann^", 7 

Mary Ann (Goldsborough), 31 
Mary Ann (Skinner), 7 
Mary Hindman Perry*, 33 
Mary Isabella (Willson), 31 
Mary Moore', 31 
Mary (Pitt), 23 

Mary Rebecca (Timberlake), 7 
Mary (Skinner), 24 
Mary (Stevens Manning)', 6, 9 
Mary Teresa", 7 
Minna (MuUer), 21 
Nancy*, 5 
Nicholas*, 8 
Nicholas*, 11, 15, 16 
Col. Nicholas', 17, 23 
Rev. Nicholas, 2 
Nora (Winner), 7 
Octavie Anne Marie (Bringier), 

21, 22, 97 
Penelope*, 5 
Philemon*, 5 

Gov. Philip Francis', 31, 32, 33, 34 
Philip Francis, Jr.*, 32 
Rachel*, 6 
Rachel', 26 
Rachel (Briscoe), 16 
Rachel (Leeds), 11, 12, 14, 26, 

Rachel Leeds', 11 
Richard, 2 
Richard Charles', 35 



Thomas, Richard Ridgely*, 35 
Robert Tristram Goldsborough^ 

Rosalind Lodge^^ 7 
Rosalind Sailer (Lodge), 7 
Sir Rhys ap, 108 
SamueF, 5 

Samuel. Dickinson', 23 
Samuel Dickinson^", 23 
Samuel Le Royi", 21 
Col. Samuel Wright^ 5 
Sarah, 2 
Sarahs 9 
&arah8, 33 
Sarah Ann*, 20 
Sarah Gaither (Huyett), 23 
Sarah Huyett^", 23 
Sarah Maria (Kerr), 32, 33, 34 
Sedwick Cromwell Holmes", 21 
Simon^ 5 
Stephen*, 4 
Stephen^, 5 
Susan*, 33 
Susan Matilda^ 29 
Susan Ward (Hackney), 7 
Teresa May^^, 7 
Thomas*, 3, 4 
Thomas^ 4 
Thomas*, 5 
Rev. Tristram, 1 
TristramS 2 
Tristram', 3, 4, 8 
Tristram*, 3, 4, 5, 9 
TristramS 4, 5, 6, 10, 11, 15, 23, 

24, 25, 26, 28, 51 
Tristram^ 5 
Tristram^ 26 
Dr. Tristrams, 16, 26, 28, 29, 31, 

34, 36, 126 
Tristram Goldsborough', 31 
William*, 4, 8, 10, 23, 51, 52 
Williams 9, 10, 11, 15, 16, 24, 25 

William', 26 
William*, 23 

Thomas, Dr. William^ 16 

William Jr.«, 11, 12, 14, 63, 69, 88 

William Jr.^ 26 

WilliamJr.,51,63, 69, 88 

William Dall«, 17, 20, 22 

Dr. William Henry^ 29 

William Perry Kerr*, 32 

Winifred Jane^S 7 

Winifred (Walsh), 7 
Thompson, Samuel, 6 
Thrugarton Priory, 73 
Tilden, Samuel, 131 
Tilghman, Anna Margaretta (Tilgh- 
man), 125 

Anna Maria (Hemsley), 125 

Anna Maria (Tilghman), 125 

Anne (Francis), 124, 125 

Elizabeth (Buley), 125 

Elizabeth (Lloyd), 125 

James, 10, 125 

Harriet (Milbanke), 125 

Henrietta Maria (Tilghman), 125 

Lloyd, 125 

Margaret (Allen), 126 

Mary, 125 

Matthew, 15, 125 

Richard, 125 

Tench, 125 

Thomas Ringgold, 125 

William, 125, 126 
Timberlake, Henry, 7 

Mary, 7 
Tracey, Henry de. Baron of Barn- 
stable, 102 
Tred Avon River, 4, 56 
Trent River, 149 
Trip, Johannes, 137 
Tripp, Baron, 140 
Trippe, Alienora, 138 

Andrew Cross, 141 

Benedita (Boteler), 138 

Catherine Dallas (Bowie), 33 

Charles, 138 

Edward, 33, 137, 140 

Elizabeth (More), 138 



Trippe, Francis, 139 

Gilbertus, 137 

Henrietta (Measaim), 139 

Henry 137, 138, 139 

Rev. Henry, 138, 139 

Capt. Henry, 140 

Major Henry 140 

Lt. Col. Henry, 140 

James, 139 

James McConky, 141 

Lieut. John, 141 

John, 138, 139, 140 

Katharine (Bell), 138 

(Kele, Miss), 138 

Levin, 141 

Marian (Shorte), 139 

Philip Francis', 33 

Reginald, 138 

Richard, 33 

Richard', 33 

Robertus, 137 

Rose (Harfleete), 138 

Samuel, 139 

Sophia Kerr (Thomas)*, 32, 33, 

Thomas, 138, 139 

Rev. Thomas, 139 

Walterus, 137 
Trippelowe, Ricardus de, 137 
Trippelow's Forest, 96 
Trist, Marie Elizabeth Rosella 
(Bringier), 96 

Nicholas Philip, 96 

Virginia (Randolph), 96 
Troth, William, 88 
Troupe, John, 6 
Trussebut, Agatha, 71 
"Trustram," 4, 5 
Tryppe, Nicholas, 138 
Turbutt, Foster, 31, 124 
Tureaud, Judge Augustine Domi- 
nique, 96 

Benjamin, 97 

Louise Elizabeth (Bringier), 96 

Marie Elizabeth Agla6 (Brin- 
gier), 97 

Turner, Elizabeth (Gouldesburgh) 
Richard, 80 
Tybbesau, William, 150 

University of Georgia, 119 
University of Pennsylvania, 29 
University of Virginia, 119 

Van Trip, Mynheer John William, 

Vaughn, Robert, 61 
Vavasour, Sir Henry, 74, 80 

Sir Thomas, 74 
Venables, John, 65 

William, 65 
Villiers, George, Duke of Bucking- 
ham, 143 

George, Viscount Grandison, 68 

Lady Katherine (Manners), 143 

Mary (Leigh), 68 

Wadsworth, Edward W., 30 

Eudora (Martin)', 30 

William, 30 
Wallace, Annie (Shields), 18 

DeWitt, 18 
Waller, Edmund, 112, 114 
"Walnut Grove," 26, 28 
Waltheof, Abbot, 142 
Waring, Bazil, 68 
Warren, Anna Elizabeth", 30 

Anna Grace (Ackerman), 30 

Frank Manley, 30 

Frank Manley Jr., 30 

Laura Alden (Cranston) i", 30 
Wars of the Roses, 76, 108 
Warwick Castle, 110 
Warwick, Isabel (le Despenser), 

Countess of, 108, 110, 111 

Warwick, Earl of 108, 110, 113, 129 

Warwickshire, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 151 

Washington, George 15, 114, 116, 


John, 115, 116 



Washington, Lawrence, 114, 115 

Martha (Dandridge-Custis), 15 
Welby, Amelia Ball, 62 

George, 62 
Wellesley, Marchioness of, 19 
Wellington, Duke of, 140 
Westminster Abbey, 44, 113 

Duke of, 152 
Wharton, Jesse, 54 
White, Charles Eidgely, 20 

Charles Ridgely", 20 

Elizabeth (Thomas)', 20 

Elizabeth Thomas", 20 

Jane Margaret (Gary), 20 

John McKim", 20 

Priscilla Dorsey (Ridgely), 20 

Rebecca (Waters), 20 

Stevenson, 20 
White Marsh Church, 25, 105 
Whitham, Alice Whitridge Garrett 
(Ridgely) 9, 36 

Jay Manuel, 36 

Dr. Lloyd Bankson, 36 

Rebecca (Dashiell), 36 
Whiting, Carlyle Fairfax, 28 

George William Carlyle, 28 

Mary Anne De Butts (Dulany), 
Whitmore, Sir William, 80 
Whitridge, Henrietta Austin 
(Dall), 92 

Thomas, 92 
"Whittune," 48, 49 
Widener, Eleanor Holmes (Pan- 
coast'"-Heberton), 21 

Joseph E., 21 

Josephine Hannah (Dunton), 21 

Josephine Pancoast", 21 

Peter A. B., 21 

Peter A. B., 2d", 21 
"Wilderness," 17 
William, Abbot, 142 

William of Orange, 139 

William, The Conqueror, 41, 70, 

79, 98, 100, 106, 127, 142, 145 
William, The Lion, 127 
Williams, Elizabeth^, 16 
Williams, Elizabeth (Thomas)', 16 

Thomas, Jr., 16 
Willing, Anne, 125 

Charles, 125 
Willson, Addison Bayne Martin,* 

Alice Elizabethi", 30 

Alice Elizabeth (Adams), 30 

Elizabeth (Goldsborough), 30, 31 

Francis Thomas', 30 

James, 30, 31 

John Adamsi", 30 

Susan Geddis (Martin)*, 30 

William Addisoni", 30 

William Greenberry Goldsbor- 
ough, 30 

William Greenberry Goldsbor- 
ough Jr.,' 30 
Wilson, Elizabeth M61amie (Brin- 

gier-Simpson), 96 
Wilson, James Fisher, 96 
Wimbish, Allen T., 27 

Sarah Elizabeth (Martin) «, 27 
Wormleighton, 66 
Wright, Eliza Lea (Warner), 34 

Samuel Turbutt, 34 

William Henry De Courcy, 34 
Wriothesley, Thomas, 4th Earl of 

Southampton, 68, 114 
Wye River, iv, 3, 4, 5, 44, 147 

Yard, Mr., 135 

Yorkshire, 42, 47, 54, 58, 59, 60, 142, 

144, 146, 147 
Young, Alice Leigh (Edmondson'- 
Groome), 15 
Philip Fendall, 15 



JSY|^ MAY. 66