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Full text of "The thousand and one nights, or, The Arabian nights' entertainments"

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THE 


THOUSAND AND ONE NIGHTS, 


OR THE 



rabian 1tiggts' 


ENTERT AINMENTS. 


A NEW EDITION. 


II.LUSTRATED WITH NU)IEROUS WOOD EXGRAVINOS. 
FRO)I ORIGI
AL DESIGNS. 


. . 


f. MU1t þ 
"I t 
EU TON: oJ 
CROSBY A
D NICHOLS. 
117 W SH ,[; V
.,. STREET. Y . 
. . ft 


NEW Y 0 R K : : 0 T. lYE R S. F E L T 
1 
 Ü -! .---.... i-- ..;- 
" k fJ,.t..\f 



CONTENTS. 


.6.0.. 
Bcbahriar and Schahzenan.. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 1 
The Ox, the Ass, and the Farmer.. . .. .. . . . . . .. . . .. . .. . . . . . .. 10 
The Merchant and the Genie. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 
The Old Man and the Hind. .. . . . . . . . . . . . __. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. __ 15 
Story of the Old Man and the two Black Dogs. . . . 0 . . . . . . . 0 . . . 16 
Storoy of the Fisherman. . . . . . .. . . . . . . 0 0 0 . . . . . . 0 . . . 0 0 . . . . . 17 
Story of the Grecian King and the Physician Douban... . o. . . . . 19 
Hi3tory of the King of the Black Isles 0 . . . . 0 . 0 . . 0 . . 0 0 . . . . 0 . . . 25 
Story of the Three Calendars, Sons of Kings, and of the Five 
Ladies of Bagdad 0 . . . 0 0 0 . . . 0 .. . . . . . . . . . 0 . _ . . . . . . 0 . . . . . . .. 30 
History of the fir6.t Calendar. . . . . . . . . 0 . . . . . . . . .. .. ........ 35 
History of the second Calendar. 0 . 0 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0 0 . . . . . . . . . . 37 
Story of the Envious Man, and of him that he envied 0 . . . .. . . . . 41 
History of the third Calendar. . 0 0 . 0 . . . 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0 . . . . . . . 4íj 
History of Zobeide . . 0 . . . . . 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 . 0 . 0 0 0 . . . . . . . 0 0 . . . . . . . . . . 53 
History of A mine 0 0 . 0 . . . . 0 0 . 0 . . . . 0 0 0 . . . . . . . 0 . . . . . . . . . . 0 . . . 56 
The Seven Voyages of Sindbad the Sailor. 0 . . . . 0 0 . . 0 . . . . . . . . . 59 
Sindband's First Voyage 0 . . . . _ . . . . . . . . 0 0 . . . . . . 0 0 . . . . . . . . . . . 60 
Sindbad's Second Voyage 0 . 0 . . . . . . . .0 . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 0 . o. . . . . 61 
Sindbad's Third Voyage.. 0 . . . . . .. .. . .. . o. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . n 64 
Sindbad's Fourth Voyage. o. . . . . . . . . . . . o. ................. 68 
Sindhad's Fifth Voyage 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. ........... 72 
Sindbad's Sixth Voyage............................... < ... 75 
Sind bad's Seventh Voyage 0 . . . . . .. 0....................... 78 
History of the Three Apples 0 0 . . 0 0 . . 0 0 . . . 0 . _ . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . 80 
Story ól N oureddin Ali and Bedreddin Hassan. . . . . . . . . . . . . _ _ _ 84 
Story of Aladdin, or the 'V onderful Lamp .0........... .. . .. . 98 
Story of Little Hunchback... . . o. . 0 . . . . . . . . . .. . .......0. . . . 1
2 
The Story told by the Christian Merchant 0 . . .. .............. 125 
The Story told by the Purveyor.. 0 . 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 129 
The Story told by the Jewish Physician 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 



6 


CONTE
TS. 


PA.GE. 
The Story told by the Tailor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . " . ...... 139 
.Story of the Barber .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 
Story of the Barber's Eldest Brother. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144 
Story of the Barber's Second Brother. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 
Story of the Barber's Thh'd Brother. . . . .. _ --. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147 
Story of the Barber's Fourth Brother.. . . . . . .. ............... 150 
Story of the Barber's Fifth Brother. .................... _ _... 151 
Story of the Barber's Sixth Brother. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 155 
History of Aboulhassen Ali Eben Becar, and Schemselnihar, favor- 
ite of the caliph IIaroun Alraschid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ib8 
11.1Story of Camaralzaman, Prince of Khaledan, and Badoura, Pl'in- 
èeBB of China.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 
Story of the Princess Badoura, aftcr her separation from Prince 
Carnaralzaman.. . . ... .. . ... .. . ... .. . ... .. . ... . ... . .. . . ... 181 
Story of the Princes Amgrad and Assad.. . . .. .............,.. 187 
Story of N oureddin and the Fair Persian. ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 
Story of ßeder, Prince of Persia, and Giahaure, Princess of Saman- 
dal. . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 214 
History of Ganem, son to Abon Ayoub, surnamed Love's Slave.. 232 
History of Prince Zeyn Alasnam, and the King of the Genii. . . . . . 242 
History of Codadad and his Brothers. . . . . . . . . . . . , . .. . . .. .... 251 
History of the Princess of Deryabar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 255 
Story of the Sleeper awakened, or the Dead alive.. .. . . . . . . . . . . . 264 
Adventures of the caliph Hnroun Alraschid. . . . . . . . .. .. . . .. . . . . 284: 
Story of the Blind Man, Baba Abdallah.. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285 
Story of Sidi N onman . . . . . . _ . .. ........................... 2:-<9 
Story of Cogia Hassan Alhabdal .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 294 
Sto:'y of Ali Baba, and the Forty Thieves. . . . . .. . .. . ... . ... . . .. 3ù2 
Story of Ali Cogia, Merchant of Bagdad. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _ _.. 312 
History of the Enchanted Horse. . .. . ... . . .. . ... . . . .. .. .. . .. 316 
Story of Prince Ahmed aud the Fairy'Paribanon .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325 
Story of Habib and Dorathil-goase, or the Arabian Knight. .. . . . . 312 
Story of Illabousatrous, of King Schal-Goase, and of Camaralza- 
man. . . . . . . .. ...................... ...........'....... 354 
St01'Y of the Lady of the B
autiful Tresscs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 408 
Story of the PrinccS8 Parizade, 0(' the Talking Bird, the Singing 
'free, lmd the YeHow 'Vater.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4;)7 
Conclusion. . . .. .......................................... 4GB 


" 



A x
bi an IrJ iDll1
' 

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t1.\'l1!3.J1JJv, 




 
'f<</
 

 


 


-.. .. 



 
N the death of Schemseddin ,Mohammed, king of 
'fl ft: =-'
" Persia, Schahriar, his eldest son, succeeded to the 
f',t]. 
f' throne. This prince, though hasty and violent ill 
l.
'-{? ...1 '!"I 1:1':" his temper, had many viI'tues. He had the trupst 

!
1s 
 . affection for his youngest brother, Schahzenan; and 
j} 

 on receiving the empire, instead of suffering him to languitih 
f2l
 
 
4
 in obEcurity, he gave his beloved brother the powerful king- 

\ð dom of great Tartary; and sent him to take possession of it, 
, with a splendor suitable to the dignity of a mighty and inde- 
pendent prince. 
After an absence of ten years, the royal brothers had a great 
desire to see each other; and the king of Tartary, at the ef\ruest 
request of Schahriar, resolved to pay him a VIsit. He accordingly 
began his journey with a suitable equipage; but as the arranging 
so large a retinue prevented his advancing far the first day, he 1'0- 
turned privately in the p,Tcning, to his palace, to take another fare- 
woll of his queen, whom he passionately loved. On entering her 
apartment suddenly, with the hope of giving her an agr('eable RUl"- 
pl'ise, he was shocked to find her sleeping in the arms of a slave. 
Overcome with ra
e, the king drew his sabre, and deprived them 
both of lif0. lIe then returned to his pavilion; an(l though op- 
pressed with the keenest Borrow, he determined to pursue his 
journey. 
"\Vhcn Schahzenan arrived at the capital of Persia, the sultan rp... 
eeived him with open arnlS. But a deep melnncholy had seized tho 



8 


ARABIAN 
"IGnTS' 


unfortunate lo.l1g of Tartary, which all the efforts of his brother 
could not overcome. III vain did the court of Persia exhibit all its 
splendor. Schabzenal1 remained gloomy and insensible. On a 
suùden, without any apparent cause, this sadness disappeared, and 
he became again, all at once, the same sprightly companion and 
affectionate brother, whom Schahriar had so t
nderly loved before 
their separation. 
The sultan of Persia rejoiced exceedingly at this alteration; but 
he was also much surprised at it. K 0 cause appeared for the SOl'- 
row which had bowed down his brother; no reason could be COll- 
jectured why it should so suddenly leave him. As soon, therefore, 
as Schahriar found that the king was effectually recovered, he be- 
came importunate for an explanation of the mystery. Schahzenan 
made no difficulty of acquainting his brother with the infidelity of 
his queen, but entreated hÌlu to cease inquiring why he had shaken 
off the sorrow which her baseness had occasioned. The sultan be- 
came alarmed; and judging by the reluctance of his brother that 
he was somehow interested in the affair, he adjured the king of 
Tartary to hide nothing from him. 
Schahzenan was obliged to comply. He requested the sultan 
would indulge him only till the next day, and would order the court 
to prepare for a grand hunting-match to take place then. Schah. 
riah complied; and, as further instructed by his brother, he left 
his train, and returned privately to the king of Tartary's apart- 
ments, where there was a closet which overlooked the gardens of 
the sultaness. Schahzenan had from thence accidentally observed 
several interviews between that lady and a favored gallant; and 
from thence the sultan also became a witness of his own dishonor, 
and of his wife's incontinence. " It was this unhappy secret," 
'1.id 
Schahzenan, "which removed my despondency; as so amia'ble a 
man as my brother conld not secure to himself the possession of a 
woman, it convincf'd me that the whole sex were contaminated, and 
that it would be idle in me any longer to bewail so common a mis. 
fortune." 
The sultan instantly sacrificed his guilty wife and her paramour; 
and being o
erwhelmed with affliction, proposeù to his brother that 
they should renounce the world, retire to some obscure hermitage, 
and finish their lives, without being further exposed to the treachery 
of women. 
Schahzenan did not think it prudeút to oppose the first transporbJ 



EXTEf:TAIX)(ENTS. 


!) 


of his brother's rage and grid
 he gave into his proposal with great 
apparent readiness; but exacted a promise from him, that he would 
return to his capital, and re-:1ssume his throne, whenever they 
should meet with any oue more unfortunate in female connections 
than themseLves. 
The princes haying disguised themselves, left the city secretly, 
and travelled till evening, when they arrived at the sea-side. At 
daybreak they were alarmed by a frightf'Ulnoise from the sea, and 
had scarce time to climb up into a tree, when they perceived a 
large column arise in the midst of the water, and advance toward 
the shore
 They presently found that it was one of those malignant 
genii, who are enemies to mankind, and always doing them mischief. 
He was black, terrific, and appeared like a giant of prodigious 
stature; he carried on his head It great glass box, which shut with 
fl)ur locks. Having laid his box down, he seated himself by it, and 
opened it; when there came out n beautiful lady, magnificently 
dressed. She sat down by the monster, who said to her in a voice 
of tenderness, "1\ly charming mistress, whonl I stole on your wed. 
ding day, and have loved with so much constancy ever since, let 
me repose awhile by you; I came hither on purpose to take rest." 
Having spoke thus, he laid down his huge head on the lady's knees 
",nd fell asleep. 
When the genie's mistress perceived that he was so, she raised 
his head from her lap, and laid it on the earth. She then got up 
and went to the glass chest, and taking out a large string of rings, 
she counted them over, and examined them with much attention, 
then turning toward the genie, who was still asleep, she exclaimed 
aloud, "Fool, to think that jealousy and restraint can preserve a 
mistress: notwithstanding thy vigilance, I find by these rings, every 
one of which I have received from a different gallant, that I have 
had fourscore and eighteen lovers since I have been in thy power!H 
The princes continued in the tree till the genie awoke, who hav- 
ing replaced the lady in the chest, and locked it up, took it again 
on his head, and returned into the sea. vYh('n he had been gone a 
considerable time they descended; and the sultan being convinced 
that the genie was more unfortunate than himself, yielded to the 
persuasions of his brother, returned to his capltal, and resumed his 
government. After some time the king of Tartary choosing to re. 
turn home, the sultan dismissed him with every mark of fraternal 
love aud on rus depnture said to him, " I have at length fallen UPOQ 
lilt 



10 


ARABIAN NIc
 HTS' 


a method to preserve the chaðtity of a. wife: I will not now," added 
he, " explain myself; you will, no doubt, shortly hear of it; and J 
question no
 but you will follow my example." 
Soon after the departure of Schahzenan, the sultan chose the 
daughter of one of his nobles for his Lride: the nuptial ceremony 
was performed ,; the lady passed her night witb her royal bride- 
groom: and in the morning the grand vizier received her from his 
hands, with orders to put her to death immediately. Every night 
now saw a new bride conducted to the sultan's hed, and every morn- 
ing beheld her a victinl to his jealousy: the consternation was uni- 
versal; there was no parent who had a young and })eautiful daugh- 
ter, hat trembled for her life; aud the sultan, instead of receiving, 
as before, the blessings of rus people, becanle the object of their 
execrations. 
The implicit obedience which good J\Iussulmans owe to the com- 
mander of the Faithful, had as yet restrained the inhabitants of 
Bagdad from rel)ellion, nor had they taken any measure to preserve 
their children from so new a calamity; when the beauteous and 
accomplished Scheherazade, daughtcr of the grand vizier, under- 
took to deliver them from it, l)y l)('coming the destined hride. Her 
father was astonished when she declared her design. lIe used 
every argument and entreaty to persuade her from it; and agree- 
ably to the custom of the East, he endeavored to enforce his rea- 
soning by the following apologue : 


THE OX, THE A
8, AND THE FARMER. 
There lived in a certain country a very wealthy farmer, whose 
lands were cultivated with the greatest care, and abounded with all 
sorts of cattle and poultry. It 80 ha-ppened that he had an oppor- 
tunity to render essential service to a v{'ry pow{'rful genie, who, in 
return, at the farmer's rpqnest, endowed him with the faculty of un- 
derstanding the language of all animals, hut on tms express condi- 
tion, that he should neyer interprct it to anyone, on pain of death. 
Some time after this PH'nt, dIP farmpr was walking leisurrly in 
his yard, 'when he heard tbp foIIowing conn'rsation bctwPf'll an ox 
and an ass: "S\prightly," said the ox
 " how much do J enyy your 
condition! Yon have no lalJOr, pxc('pt now and tlWll to Cfi1'l'Y our 
master little journeys; in return for which you are well fpd with 
the best corn, carefully clpaned, and lodg:pd in fre
h stra,v eyery 
night: while J, who work from daylight till dark, and am urged by 



ENTEHT AIX )IE
TS. 


11 


the blows of the l,loughman to toil almost beyond my strength, when 
n...y hard task is performed, am scantily supplied with coarse fuod, 
and pass the night on tho cOlllmon." 
" Tho:se," replied the ass, " "ho call you a fooli
h beast, are not 
much mistaken. 'Vhy do you not, with all that strength, oxert a 
little courage, and r('si8t such ill treatment? If thpy gh-e you bad 
corn,8mcll at it and leaye it! anù w}wn they are about to fasten you 
to the plough, bellow aloull, 
talllp with your foot, and eyen strike 
thelll ,,,ith your horns. Be assured a little resolution will soon pro- 
cure you hetter treatment." 
The farmcr, haYÏng heard this con'Ter
ation, was not long in com- 
ing to a resolution. The next morning the lahoreI' found the ox 
restive when he attempted to yoke him.: on 'whièh, by his master 7 s 
orders, ho left him, and putting the collar-on the ass, he fixed him to 
the plough, and with many blows compelled him to perform the 
work the ox should IHwe done. K or was this all; for ,,-hen he re- 
turned at night, more dead than alive, he found 110 straw to lie on; 
and instead of a I)lentiful supply of the l)est oats, there was nothing 
in his manger but a handful of coarsc lJeans, ill-cleansed, which even 
his extreme hunger could scarcely In-cvail with him to eat. 
The ox, who had rested the whole day, and been fed with the prov- 
ender usually gin
n to his companion,receh-ed hin10n his return 
with many compliments, and ayowals of o
igation. To thesc cere- 
monies the ass had no relish; ,,-ithout an
wering a word he threw 
himself on the ground, aud, in thought, began to uphraid his own 
folly. " "
as eyer such imprudence as mine?" said he within him- 
self. " How has a silly officiou8ne
s undone me! 1Yhat had I to 
wish for thht I did not ('njoy? when did sorrow e,er approach me? 
All this happiness I have deseryedly lost, by meddling with that 
which did not Concprn me." 
The grand yizier applied the obvious moral to Scheherazade. nut 
finding she persi:-.;ted, he hec:l1lle angry. " If you will continue thus 
ohstinate," s..Úd he," JOu will ohlige me to treat you in the same 
manner the f..'1,rmer did his wife in the sequel of the story." 
The farmer, hearing that the ass was in bad plight, .was curious 
te know v.- hat would pm s between him and the ox. Accordingly, 
after supper, he took a walk with hi!';; wife into the yard, wh(')) he 
heard the sufferer say tf) his companion: "Comrade, ,,-hat do you 
int('nd to do to-morrow, ,,"hen the laborer brings your IDPat 1" 
" Do, my best friend! " rf'plied the ox; ",,"hy, I will carefully at- 



1
 


AUABL\N 1';1(;I1'1':::ì' 


t('nd to your instructions; if my corn is not of the very best quality, 
I 'will not deign to touch it; and if he presumes to lay a halter on 
me, I will not fail to knock him down." 
" I fancy';' replied the as
, " you 'will think it prudent to alter that 
l'esolution, when 1 relatc to you what I heard our master say to the 
laborer just now." The ass haying .thus excited the attention and 
fcar of the ox, told him yery gravely, that the farmer had ordered 
his servant, if the ox continucd rcsth-e, to knock him on the head 
the day following, aud distribute his fle::;h among the }100r. The 
ox, alarmed at this story, bellowed aloud for fear, and vowed suh- 
lllis
i(Jn to the laborer; which resolution the ass was forward to 
comnH'nd. 
The farmer was so pleased with the cunning of the ass, and the 
terrors of the ox, that he burst into an immoderate fit of laughter. 
Ilis wife, 'who saw no reason for this extraordinary mirth, was curi- 
ous to know the cause of it. He tried to evade her question; but 
the more he sought to divert her attention, the more earnest she 
became in her inquiry. At l('ngth, tired with her importunity, he 
told her that the cause of his laughing must continue a secret. 
"You will not, I suppose," added he," urge me any further, v,hcn 
I acquaint you that my revcaling it would certainly cost me my 
life." 
This assertion, 'which she affected not to believe, made the wife 
. . 
redouble her importunities; the farmer, however, continued re80- 
lute, and suffered her to pass the night in tears without much concern. 
But when he found next day that the same obstinate desire of the fa
 
tal information continued, he was exceedingly distrEssed. lIe called in 
the assistance of his neighbors and relations, who in vain rf'presentrd 
to her the unreasonableness of her request. She persisted; and the 
unhappy farmer was on the point of gratifying her, at the rxp('nse 
of his life, when an incidrnt determined hin1 to alter his intention. 
Going out of his door, he heard his faithful dog relating witl] 
concern the story of his emlJarrassment to a cock, who heard it 
,vith much contempt. " A pretty fello'w, truly," replied the cock, 
"is this master of ours, who cannot manage olIe wife, when I govern 
fifty! Let him take a good crab-stick, and use it properly, I will 
engage she will soon dismiss h('r impertinent curiosity." The hon- 
est farmer took the hint; his wife returned to her duty; and you, 
my daughter, if treat('d in the same mannrr, would no doubt be as 
conformable to my desires, and forego so desperate an eXpt;riment. 



F:'\TE1:T.\1 
 :\IE'\TS. 


1
 



 utwith.4:lwling thi
 alHI eH'ry othpl" mcthO(I ta]{,pn to !:ihake her 
det(,'rlllinatioJl 7 
dH'hermm,de coutinucd ullll1oycd, amI the grmld 
viÚer was oLligcd to anllnl1lll'{' to his s(),"ert"'ign the :lml,itioll of his 
daughter. The sultan heard him with RnqH'i
e; after pansing for 
a few moments, he 
aid to him, ,...ith all air of 
eYerity: ,. r gi\"e 
you op
ortunity to rc
all thi8 ra:-;h off('J" ; if JOu l'Pr
ist in it, I will 
receiye Schehermmde ns my wif(', hut prcHullH' not to hope that I 
will violate my YOW in her fa\'or. On the contrary, Jour own lifc.', 
as well as hers, shall be forfeiteù, if you he
itate for a moment to 
execute my usual orderlS." Even this menace had no effeet on tho 
young lady; and the unhappy father was compelled tò lead his 
d:\rlin
 child to the arms of his sovereign, with a full assurance 
of l)eing oLliged to deprive her of life with his own ha.nd the fol- 
lowing morning. 
When Scheherazade was introduced to the sultan, he "as struck 
with her Leauty and modest sen
ihility. Perceiving her in t{'a}'
. 
he for a moment forgot his barùarous resolntit"\n, and endeavored 
to comfort her. The 10,Tely sultaness, ple3.sed to see she had Ill[ulo 
an impression on his sanl
e heart; seizetl that moment to reque.,:,t 
that her si
ter, Dinarzade, might be admitted to her next morning, 
an hour before day, to take her last farewell. The sultan readily 
complied; and notice heing 8P11t to her sister accordingly, the 
charming Schehermmde Bufl'ered herself to be conducted to too fa- 
tal couch, anù became the devoted bride to the cruel Schahriar. 
At the appointed hour, Dinarzade was admitted to the.nuptial 
uhamber; when she made the strange rpqucst, that in the little 
time which remained, before they were to part foreyer, the sultan- 
e
F; would relate to her one of those many entertaining stories she 
had read, The sultan, wondering at so singular a request, con- 
sented, at the desire of his bride, and O\'en expres
ed a wish to 
hear stories which must be singular, indeed, to be asked for at such 
a moment. Scheherazade, pncourag('(l IJY this ".i
h, began thus: 


THE l\IER('Hi\
T AND THE GENIE. 
Sir, there wa.
 formerly a merchant whose exll'n
i\Te traffic 
obliged him to travel to many places; ill olle of whieh journeys, 
finding himself much incommoded IJY the heat of the day, ho 
alighted from his horse, and f'at down in a shady groyc; when 
taking 
Ollle d:ttes out of h i
 purtmanteau. he ato tIH'm, throw in
 
the shells on e:.teh 
ide of him. ,rhpn he had done eatilJg, l,eing 



1-1 


A IC\BL\N NIQIl'l'S' 


a good mussulman, he washed his hands and feet at aa adjoining 
rivulet, aud said his pra.yers. "rhile he was yet on his knees, a 
monstrous genic, an whit.e with age, advanced toward him with 
a scimitar in his hand; and uttering a frightful cry, excl.timed, 
"Rise up that I may kill thee, as thou lut8t killed my son." The 
mm.chant, terrified as much at his appearance, as at his threats, 
prote5ted his innocence. "How," exclaimed the genie, ,( did you 
not, even now, throw about the shells of your dates? my son was 
}):1ssing by, and you threw onc of them into his eye, which kined 
him; therefore I must kill thee." Saying which, he took the 
)nerchant by the arIll, threw him on the ground, and lifted up the 
scimitar to cut off his head. 
In this imminent danger, the merchant earnest1y entreated per- 
mission to return home, and settle hi
 affairs, and take leave of hili 
family. "What time do you require 1" said the genie. "I ask 
a year," replied the merchant; "I swear by Allah, that this day 
twelYemonth I will return under these trees, to put myself into 
, 
your hands." Upon this the genie di:;appeared. 
The mercha.nt returned home disconsolate. He. employed the 
allotted time in prorerly regulating his affairs, arid when it ,vas 
near expired, he took a. sorrowful leave of his family, and arrived 
at the place where IlC had promised to meet the genie. While he 
was waiting for his dreaded approach he saw two old men coming 
towurd him from different qnarters, the flrst leading a hind, the 
second t.wo black dogs. 
They approached the trees where the unfortunate merchant was 
sitting, when one of them said to him, " Brother, why do you stay 
in this place? Do you not know that a number of evil spirits re- 
sort to ft. and that it is by no means safe to continue here 1" 
" Alas!" :;aid the merchant, " I know that but too well." He then 
related hi::; 
tory to the old men, who hayin
 heard it, agreed to 
continue with him until the genie should appear. 
III a. little time they percci "ell a thick vapor advancing toward 
them, which vanishing all at onc
, di
covered the genie. 'Yithout 
noticing the old men, he took the merchant by the arm, saying, 
,. Rise, that I lllay kill thce, as thou elitIst kill my sun." The mer- 
chant fillûd the air with hi
 t;ries' and the old men P rostrutillO' 
, ö 
them::;el,-es ou the groulHl; cntreated t<n' him. 1'he gcnie, with 
E;(\mf} <lifiìenlt)", was pprsuatled to listC'u to their expostulations, 
and at lC'ugth to agree, that if their ::;cYßral adventures \Yere more 



E
TEnTA_IX
lE
T::;. 


15 


surp1"l
iug than that of the merchant, he w(Juld relcnt, anù set 
him at liLerty. 
Day advancing, the sultan aro
e. and the "iÚer, ill much afflic- 
tion, entered. into his presence ill full expectation of recciving the 
usual fata.l orders; but the sultall was so much ta,kCll with the 
Leauty and accollll'li
hmeut8 of his lady, and his curiosity was so 
LUuch excited by the interesting story she had begun, that he be- 
came irresolute respecting his vow; and talking to his tremlJling 
"\ izier on other affairs, he left him ill su:spensc all:5o as to the fate 
of hi5< beloved daughter. 
The next morning Scheherazade resumed her m..rrative with the 
history of 


THE OLD l\1A
 AND TilE HIKD. 
"I married," began the first olù man, "in my early life, my 
cousin with whom I lived more than twenty years in much happi- 
ness. The only thing that aLated it was, that we had no children. 
The desire of posterity induced me to buy a slaTe, Ly "T\'hom I 
shortly had a 80ll. I still lived in great harmony with my wife, 
who always treated the 8laye kindly, and appeareù to be very fond 
of my boy. SOI,11e years after his Lirth, I was obliged to go a long 
iourney, and 011 my return, my wife told me that my son and my 
slave were both dead. I lamented. their loss very much; tut the 
feast of Bairam approaching, I thought it my duty to overcome 
my 80rrO\T', and prepare for the holy festival. 
"Accordingly I gave orders to my farmer to bring up one of 
the fattest co Wi, to sacrifice at the commencemcnt of the 
olcmnity. 
He obeyed; but when the cow was brought to me she bellowed 
piteously, and I could perceive tears run down frolll her eyes. 
Struck with so singular a spectacle, and moved, I knew 110t how, 
I was about to send the cow back and order another, when my 
wife opposed any exchange with great vehemcnce. I suffered my- 
s('If to Le prevailed on; and though I could. not kill her myself, 
I ordered my farmer to do so, who obeyed me. "Vhpn she was 
slain, it was found, notwithstanding her plump appearance, that 
she was mere skin and bone; and wholly unfit for the intended 
sacrifice. 
"I immediately sent for another fat beast; when the farmer 
orought a calf, whose behavior wvs still more extraordinary. He 
broke the cord, ran to DIe, and fell at my feet. I determined to 



16 


ABAlllAN NiGHT:::)' 


listen to the impulse I felt in f
tyor of this calf, and accordingly 
ordered him to he b..kClt back; although my wife interfered with 
stiìl greater eagOl'UCSR, and iusisted that he :shuuld be slaugh teredo 
" The ùay fullowing, my fal'lnor desired to speak with me alone. 
lIe took me to hi:-; own habitation. and intrùduced me to his daugh- 
ter, by her I was informed that during IllY journey, my wife 
had learned the lJlack art; anù by that means had transformed my 
slave illto the co'\-" we haù ullfi.)rtunately slaughtered the ùay be- 
fore; and my t-:on into the calf which h
ld so ll3.rrowly escaped 
" I leave JOu to judge, powerful genic, how lUuch I was distress- 
ed at this account. I
ut not doubting my informer was able to 
restore my son, as she had the 
kill to di8con
r his situation: I very 
earnestly besought her assi8ta.nce. 'On two conditions,' replied 
Ehe, ' I will rC'store him. }
ir
t, that JOu give him me for a hus- 
lJand; and secondly, that you permit me to punish as she deserves, 
the wicked enchantress who has transformed him.' I consellted; 
she thrn pronounced cC'rtain worù
, and spriukling my son with 
water, he rm;umed his shape. lIe joyfully married his fair bene- 
factress, Vì ho changed my wicked wife into the hind you see here." 


THE STORY OF THE OJ,D MAN WITH THE TWO BI.ACK DOGS. 
" Prince of genii," said tlw second old man," these dogs and 
mssC'lf are brothers. Oll tllC dE'ath of Our father we didded his 
substance among u!', and each received a thou
and sequin
. One 
of my brothers rpsolyed to travel, laid out his money in goods 
l3uited to the coulltry he inteudC'd to visit, and departed. 
" Aftcr a year's alJ8ence he returned in grea.t distre
s, having 
lost all his eflcctR. l\IeantimC', }JY industry, I had acquired an ad- 
ditional thou
and sequins, which I readily gave him. ,l\Iyother 
brother, llOt disheartened by the ill success of the first, pursued 
the same measures; very shortly he also returned entirely ruined. 
'fo him al
o I ga\-e anothC'r thousand sequius; we then agreed to 
remain at h0111(', a.nd rursue our business carefully, without seek.. 
ing further alhentu1'C's. 
"Some years afterward, both my brothers besougllt me to join 
with th(,111 in a trading yoyage. 1'heir importuuity prevailed. r 
di
posC'd of my 8to('k, ,dtich now produced six thousand Requim:, 
Imlf of whith I lmried in a COrlH'r ()f the house, and gave {'<teh of 
my brotlwl's a tllOnmnd of thc remainder. 1Ve arrivc,} f'afply at 
our dcstined port, where ,ye sold onI" aùyentures to good profit. 



EX rEIn AnDIE
TS. 


17 


" When we were nearly ready to return, I met on tbe banks of 
the sea a lady, handsome, but poorly clad, who very earnestly per- 
suaded me to marry her. I cOllsented, aud having taken her on 
board the Yes
el, we set sail. 1\ly wife proved to be possessed of 
tiO many good qualities that I became every day more fond of her. 
1\'1y unworthy brothers, envJing lilY superior good fortune, seized 
us both while asleep, and threw us into the sea. 
:, But little did these bad men imagine the puni8hment that awaited 
their cruelty and ingratitude. l\Iy witè was a fairy; she conveyed 
me home, and conducted the vessel which had my goods on board, 
safe into port. Before I knew of its arrival, two black dogs came 
crouching to me in the most submissive manner. 'These,' said the 
fairy, ' are your brothers. Thus is their wickedness requited; and 
it is one part of their punishment, that in this degraded state they 
must look for support and protection to the brother they so lJasely 
betrayed.' " 
The genie thought these adventures so I'ingular, that he rcmitted 
the puni::;hment of the l1lérchant, and disappeared; aud the mer- 
chant, after suitably thanking his bpnefactors, returned home again 
with joy to his family. 
The sultan was delighted with these stories. lIe requcsted Sche- 
hern-zade to proceed next night to another; and going into the 
divan, the ,-izicr, hiR family, the court, and the people in general, 
were overjoyed to finù that he gave no orders to put the beautiful 
sultaness to death. 


THE STORY OF THE FISHER!lIAN. 
There was a fisherman who, when young, had indiscreetly vowed 
not to cast his net abmre four times a dëty. This YOW he religiously 
obòerved; though when he came to have a numerous family, he had 
i)ften occasion to regret his having m,ade it. 
One morning, having thrown his net three times without the least 
success, he was almost ,dId with grief. Anothpr cast only re- 
mained, which he L1ctcrmined to take with particular attpntion. 
IIa,-iug thrown it: in
tcad of a fi:..;h he ùrew up only a small yessel 
of copper with a leaden seal to it. This seal he eagerly removcd, 
in hopps of finding something valuable; but to his great mortifica- 
tion, the ca
ket was empty. IIe threw it on thIJ ground, and con- 
tinucrl to eye it in a kind of de:-:pair, when he perceiyed a thick 
fllloke to come out of it, ,yhicb mounted to tho cloud::5, and extl
ud
 



18 


ARAnIÅ
 
IGHT5' 


ing itself along the sea and shore: formed a great mist. \Yhcn the 
f:llloke was all out of the vessel, it connected itself into one body 
which formed an eUOl'lllom
 genie, 
At the sight of so terriLle a figure, the fisherman would h:ne 
fled, but" as too much terrified. "Solomon, Solomon, the gre'lt 
prophet!" exclaimed the genie, "pardon, pardon, pardon; I HCYCr 
more will oppose your will!" The fisherman hearing thi8 tuuk 
courage, and said, "Thou prouù sþirit, what is it thou talkest uf? 
it is eighteen hunch'ed years ago since the prophet Solomon died! 
'l'cllllle your history, and how you came to be shut up in that 
yessel. " 
The genic turuing to his deliverer, with a fierce look saiù, 
"Thou art very bold to call me a prouù spirit. Speak to me more 
ch'illy before I kill thee. ,: \Yhat," replied the fisherman, " would 
fOU kill me for setting you at liLcrty 1 Is that the way you re- 
ward the service I have done you 1" " I cannot treat you other- 
wise," replied the genie; "and that .rou may be convinced of it, 
listen to my story: I am one of those rehellious spirits 'W ho op- 
posed themselves to the will of Heaven. The oth('r genii owned 
Solomon the gl'f.at prophet., and suhmitted to him. :::;acar alJd I 
only re
;Ìsted. That potent monarch caused me to be seized and 
brought by force before his throne! when, a8 I daringly lJp.rsi
ted 
in my disobedience, he shut me up in this copper vessel; and that 
I might not eðcape, he himself stamped his seal, with the great 
llame of God engrê.1\'ell on it, upon this leadeu coyer, and ordered it 
to he cast into the midtìt of the sea. 
During the first century of my imprÏE;onment, I swore that if 
anyone would deliyer me I would make him immensely rich. 
Durin
 the second, I yowed that I "ould open all the treàtiUreS of 
the earth to anyone who should set me free. Iu the third, I prom- 
ised to make my ddiyerer a mighty prince, and to be ah\"aylS hi
 
attendant spirit. .:\Iany ceuturies passed over, and I continually 
increased my promises to him who should render me so e::;selltial a 
ser\'Ïce; but all in vain; no Olle was so lucky as to find the coffer, 
and l)y o})el1ing it, to obtain the rewards I had bound myself to 
bestow. At last, euraged and tired with so lonD' a confiuelllent I 

 ð, 
vowed that if allY oue should set me at liberty, I would kill him 
without mercy; therefore, as you have this da.y deli\Tered me, pre- 
rare yourself to die.'" 
This discùurse terrified the pOG,t' fisherman beyond measure; hut 



EKTERTAI
OfEXT. 


1
 


as neceRsity is the parent of ingenuity, he nddres
ed the genie 
thus: "If it lllu
t be so, I submit; 1 ut before I die, I conjure you 
by the great name which was engrayell on the seal of the prolJhet 
Solomon, that you grant me one reque
t, in return fur the servico 
] have done you, which you have obliged yourself to repay so 
hardly." The genie. trembled at the. aùjuration, and answereù 
hastily, " Ask what thou wilt, but quickly." 
,( I cannot believe,'J said the fhihernIan, "that you were really 

onfined in that yessel; it will not hold oue of your feet. I adjure 
you, therefore, by the oath you have taken, to enter into it again, 
that I may be convinced, and acquit you, before I die, of ingrati- 
tude aud lllurder." 
The body of the genie instantly dissoh.ed, and changing into a 
mist, extended itself as before. At last it began to enter the ves- 
sel, which it confinued to do, by a slow and eqnal motion, till 
nothing was left out; and immediately a voice came forth, which 
said, " 'VeIl, incredulous fellow, I am in the vessel now; are you 
Httisfied 1" 
The fisherman installtIy shut down the cover; "X ow, genie, it is 
thy turn to entreat in vain. I will return thee to the sea whence 
I took thee, and w ill erect a monument to caution other fishermen 
if they chance to meet with thee, that they may be aware of such 
a wicked genie as thou art.who has sworn to kill thy deliverer!" The 
genie endeavored with his utmost f0rce to get out of the ve
sel 
again; but the seal of Solomon restrained him. Dissembling, 
therefore, his anger, he addressed the fisherman in a more pleasant 
tone; bep:ged him once more to remove the cm.er, and promised 
to reward him to his full satisfaction. ., Thou art a traitor," re- 
plied the fisherman," and I should deserve to lose my life, if I 
was so foolish 
s to trust thee. K 0 doubt you would use me as 
the Grecian king did his physician Douban. 'T is a story I have a 
mind to tell thee, before I return thee to the faithless element in 
which I found thee." 


THC STORY OF THE GRLCIAN KING AND THE PHYSICIAN DOUBAN. 
There was a king of Greece who was sorely afJìicted with a 
grievous lepro!ô'Y. His physicians had exerted all their art in nl.in ; 
his case was declared hopeless, and he expected every day to f'ink 
lmder the loathsome (iisease which oppressed him. At this time 
there came to his court a strange physician, named DouLan, who, 



20 


ARABIAN 
IGins' 


after exammmg the patient, asserted that 80 far from the king 
beiug incuraùle, he would undertake to restore his health without 
either inward potionf-\ or outward applications. This extraordinary 
proposal was readily accevted. The physician prepared a racket 
and besought the king to play at tennis with it. "I have lodged:'} 
said he, "certain drugs in the handle, which is hollow, when these 
arc heated they will pelletrate your majestis whole frame; leave 
off then; bathe, and retire to rest, and to-morrow you will find 
yourself perfectly cured." 
The king followed the direction of Douban, and rose the next 
DlOrning entirely free from his malady. The physician was in- 
vested with the most distinguished honors; the king loaded him 
also with riches, and the courtiers with caresses; he became the 
declared favorite; and everyone who had a suit to prefer to the 
king, solicited the interest of the physician. 
But amid all hi
 prosperity lurked the most fatal destruction. 
The Grecian king was a very weak prince, easily irritated, and 
tyrannical in his disposition. I1is former favorites envied Douban, 
and seized every opportunity to excite distrust of him in the royal 
breast. "He is become," said they, " next in dignity and power to 
yourself; as he cured you in a manner so simple, way he not also, 
l)y methods as unsuspected, cut off your majesty; who alone stands 
between him and the throne." 
For a long time the Grecian king repelled these insinuations. 
"tV ere I to listen to you," said he to his courtiers, " I should 11e like 
a certain man who had a faithful parrot, who reported to hIm the 
incontinence of his wife during his absence. The 'wife, enraged at 
the tell-tale, contrived u method of destroyin b the credit of the hird, 
and being revenged at the same time. Accordingly, when hel" 
husband went another journey, she caused a slave to scatter water' 
on
r the cage all night, in the manner of rain, while others pro- 
duced the appearance of thunder and lightning. The next dë'lY, 
whpn the llU
l)and rPlurned, the parrot complailled of haying beeu 
exposcd nll night to the fury of a continual 
torlll. As the 1l1:.t!"ter 
knpw tlIP weather had becn exc('(>dingly fine, he hastily conclurl"d 
that hi
 }Iirù waR false, anù in re!-;pntmeut put it to death; but the 
future ill conduct of h;s" ifc too soon proved to him his parrot'H 
truth :tlld his own ra
hnm5:ì." 
" Sir," l'Pplied hiR vizier, " it iR my duty to IJe particularly attpn. 
tirfj to your safety, nor must I Buffer you to be led bJ' specious al"- 



ENTEUT_\I
l\IE
TS. 


21 


peRra-nces, mto real danger. The yizier of a neighhoring king "as 
intrm
ted with the care of his master's only son, and so ill did he 
perform that duty, that he suffered the young prince to scparate 
from his train, in the eagerneHs of the cha
e, till he was left aloIle, 
and had lost his way; while he rode about, be came up to a hand- 
some lady, who appeared to be in great ùi
tress. The prince was 
naturally cOlllpa
::;ionate; he heard her tale, and at her request, 
tcok her upon his horse, w bich he guided by her direction. They 
came at length to the ruins of a castle in a londy place, where the 
lady desired him to alight; he obeyed. The lady eutered the ruius, 
and while he was securing his horse he beard her say softly, "Be 
glad, my children; I haye brought you a handsome young man, 
very fat." Other yoices immediately answered, "l\Iaml1la, where 
is he? let us eat him presently, for we al'e very hungry':' 
The prince heard enough to cOllvince him of his danger. He 
perceived that the supposed distressed lady was really an ogress, 
wife to oue of those savage demons, called ogres; who frequeut 
remote places, and use a thousand wiles to suqJrise and devour 
l,assell
ers. He began to Ulitie his hm.se again with all diligence, 
putting up all the while prayers to Heaven for his deliverance. 
The ogress, returning to the door, never douhted but he was still 
employed ill fastening his horse, and hearing him utter prayers, she 
also pretenùed to put up ejaculations; but the prince" as not to be 
deceived by this hypocrisy. Haying loosened the rein, he leaped 
upon the saddle, and was soon out of the monster's power. But 
although he escaped unhurt, his royal father was so much enraged 
at the danger he had bep-n in, that he very justly caused his care 
less vizier to be put to death. I should deserve the same punish- 
Inent, if I did not protest against the conduct of Douban, who though 
as specious as the ogress, may be equally dangerous. 
rl'he credulous Grecian king began at length to listen to these 
insinuations; which the vizier observing, so inflamed his passions, 
that he caused his benefactor to be seized, and brought into his 
pre::;ence to be put to death. Douban, astonished at so fatal a de- 
nunciation, solicited earnestly for llIercy, but in vain. 
" You see," said the fisherman to the geuie, " how the king treat- 
ed his henofactor. So have you also behaved to me." 
\\Yhen Douhan found himself in the hands of the executioner, he 
once more apIJ1ied himsPlf to the hing, requesting he would, a
 
least: alhw him tCJ live till the next day. " I have," said he to the 



22 


ARABIAN NIGHT,':)' 


crnel priuce, " mnong my books, one well worthy of your ma.jesty's 
acceptance: if, when my head i:::; struck off, you will open the book 
at the sixth leat; and read the third line, mJ heaù will answer allY 
question you shall ask." '!'he king, though insensiLle to lJity or 
to gratitude, was moved by a frivolous curiosity to defer the execu- 
tion. 
The following day, when Douhau was brought into the royal 
11l'cscllce, he renewed his supplication for life; reminded tbe king 
of his sen ices, and in the most earnest manner l)rotested his in- 
nocence. The unworthy prince told him l)laillly, that all he could 
say was in vain: " 'Yere it only," continued he," to hear your head 
speak after it is cut off, it is my pleasure you should be put to 
death." The physician, seeing his fate inevitaLle, submitted. He 
presented a large folio to the king: "Place. my head," said he, 
" for a moment on the cover of this book, and I shall be in a con- 
dition to amnver your questions." The executioner performed his 
office; and the head being placed as directed, the blood stanched, 
tlw eyes opened, and it called upon the king to opcn 'he book. 
1'he king obeyed, but finding the leaves stick together, he put 
his finger to his mouth and wetted it to separate them. \Vhen he 
came to the sixth leaf, he said, " Physician, there is nothing written 
here!" "Turn over leaf by leaf," said the head, " till you come to 
the writing.", The king continued to turn over the lea,-es, putting 
his finger continually to his mouth, till the poison with which each 
leaf was impregnated took effect. The head, perceiving that the 
king had but few moments to lh-e, exclaimed, "Tyrant, you are 
justly punished!" Having said this, its eyes closed, and it re- 
mained without life. The king also, in a short tillIe, fell dO\,yn and 
expired. 
" You find, genie," 
nid the fisherman, " that though the physician 
could not preserve his life, 110 contrived to punish his ungratefhl 
murderer. I am more forttmate in being now out of your power, 
and having you in mine. I am now about to return you to the 
('a." 
" l\1y good friend," replied the genie, "remember, revenge i
 for- 
l.idden; do not treat me as Imama did Atteca." " IT ow was that ?" 
asked the fisherman. " lIo !" replied the genie, "do you think I 
can tell stories in this confinement? Let me out, and I will tpIl 
you as måny as you please." " No," said the fisherman, " I ,viII 
not let you out; on the ccntrar:v, I will this monwnt cast you back 
into tÞe sea." "Hear me, I charge thee, " exclaimed the genie, 



ENTERT AI:X'IE
TS. 



.J 


t. if thou wilt deliver m
, I swear; in the most 
mlenm mannpr, that 
I will not hurt thee: on the contrary, I will teach thee how to be. 
come as rich as thou desirest to be." 
Overcome by this }1l'tHnisE', tho fisherman once more opE'npd the 
vessel; and the gpnie, resuming his form, instantly kicked it into 
the Rea. The fi:sherman was alarmed at this action, but the genie 
af':8ured him he was safp. lIe thel1 led him up a mountain, from 
whence they dpscendpd to a groat pond, tllat lay between four hills. 
"Ca
t ill thy nets here," said the gE'nie," and carry the fish thou 
shalt take to the sultan, who will lil)('rally }.eward tbee; only h:)- 
ware not to throw in thy nets more than once a day, or thou wilt 
}'epent it." Having; said thiR, tIle genie di
:lpppar"d. 
The fisherman immediatc1y threw in his nets; hut though the 
pond seemed to abound with fish, he caught only four. lIe ,,,"as 
much pleased to find them nllwmally beautiful, and each of a dit:. 
ferent color; oue being white, one red, one blue, and one yenow. 
Having much admired them, he set off for the }Jalace, to present 
them to the sultan. The singular ùeauty of the fish made them 
\ery accE'ptalJle; the liberal prince rewardpcI the fisherman with 
four huudred piecE's of gold, and ordered them to be served as a 
part of the entertainment of the llay. 
Eut an amazing prodigy disappointed the sultan. As the cook 
was frying the fish, on turning them, the wall of the kitchen opened, 
Rnd a bpautiful young lady entered, holding a rod of myrtle in her 
hand! and adyancing to the pan, she struck one of the fish, saying, 
" Fish, fish, are ye in your duty 1" when the four fish lifting up their 
hrads together, said, " Yes, yes, if you reckon, we reckon; if you 
fly, we oycrcome, and are conteut." As soon as they had thus 
spoken, the lady overtul'ncd the frying-}Jan, and passed again 
through the wall, which dosl'd imll1pdiately, aud became as 11e10re. 
The cook was cxceedingly tcrrified; but recm-ering herself, and 
picking IIp thp fh::h, I"he had the mi:-:fortulle to find that they were 
1urnt to a cinder, and utterly unfit to be seryed at the royal tahle. 
She was under the necessity of J>elatiug the phell
nlf'nOn to the 
vizier. That minister Ï1lYented an excuse, which sati
fied the sul- 
tan; hut being very desirous of seeing 80 strange a sccne, he or- 
dered the fi
herman to provide him four other fish, of the same 
f;ort, 3S soon as po
sihle. 
The day following the fisherman obeyed the vizier's order
 and 
to his gJ"P'fI t joy received another four hundred pieceR !>f gold. fhe 



21 


A HAUl \N r\IUJlT:S' 


vizier s]mt himself up ,,-ith the cook, who I,Ia-ced the fhdl on tIle 
fire: anò on turning them, when fried on one side, the wall again 
opened, the lady appeared, the !ô':lme dialogue paRRed between h(,1" 
and the fish; wheu, having m'erturned the pall, she retireø, and 
the wall closed as on the preceding day. 
The vizier, aston il':illPd beyond measure at so great a prodigy, 
failed not to relate the matter to the sultan. That prince was 
eq ually surprised, and in)IHÜient to see so strange a scene himselt: 
The fisherman provided four more fish on the following day, and 
again received a sum which was to him quite a treasure. The sul- 
tan, attended by 11Ïs vizier, l"etired into his closet; the fish were 
I,lacpd on the fire, and on turning them the wall opened; but in- 
t:;tead of the young lady, there came out a gigantic black, in the 
- habit of a slave: who ad,'anced with an air of anger to the pan, and 
touching one of the fish, said, in a terrihle voice, " Fish, are ye in 
your duty?" At these words, the fish ruil5ed up their head
, and 
answered, " Yes, yes, we are; if you reckon, we reckon; if you 
l)ay your debts, we pay ours; if you fly, we overcome. and are 
content." The black then threw the pan into the middle of tlH' 
closet, and the fish were reduced to coal. Having done this, he 
l'etired fiercely, and tl
e wall shut, and remained as before. 
'Yhen the sultan recm'ered Trom his astonishment, lIe sent for 
the fisherman, to know where he caught these extraordina.ry fish: 
and finding it was near the city, he ordered his usual retinue, and 
set off immediately. On ascending the mountain, the pond and an 
immense plain beyond it presented themselves, which no one re- 
membered to have seen be<<>re. The sultan ordered his court to 
pncamp J,y the side of the pond, and retired to his pavilion with 
Iris vizier. To him the sultan declared his resolution of exploring, 
alone, this new-discovered plain, in hopes of finding out the cause 
of so many wonderful events. lIe commanded the viÚer to detain 
llis attendants on that spot, and to excuse to them his not appearing, 
under the pretence of his being indisposed. 
At the dawn of the morning, the sultan set <<)rward, and by SUll- 
rise, he saw before him a great building, which proyed to be a 
tnagnificent palace of black marble. As the gates were opened, 
the prince entered, but met not any lidng creature. lIe wandered 
through many spacious apartments, all furnished in the most splea- 
dirl manner, and kept in the most exact order. lIe caned out 
aloud, hut no one answered. After walking alJout n long time, ho 



I::\TE HT.\ I
:\[ EYfS. 


2l\ 


grew weary; and 8itting dQWIl, was },eginning to reflect on the 
wonders which had happened, when he \nl
 interrupted by the 
voice of one complaining. lIe listened atteutiycly; and following 
the sound he came to a magnificent hall, at the upper end of which, 
on :;t throne of burnished gold, ::;at a handsome young man, richly 
habited in regal attire, but oppressed with the deepest melancholy. 
As the sultan drew near, he saluted him. The young prince re- 
turned the salute, by bowing lIis head. " I ought to rise, sir," said 
he to the sultan, " to receive you; but alas! I can but too well 
apologize for continuing in this posture." Saying this, he drew 
"aside his I'obe, and discovered to the sultan that he was only a n
'1n 
from the head to the girdle, an
 that the other part of his body was 
black marLle. 
" \Vhat you show me," said the sultan, "fills me with grief and 
horror. I conjure you, most unfortunate prince, to reJa.te to me by 
what accident you have been reduced to your present situation. I 
am persuaded your story is somehow connected with certain extra- 
ordinary eyellts which haye occulTed to me lately. Perhaps for- 
tune has led me hither to be of service to you." 
"Alas !" replied the young man. " I have no hope of relief; yet, 
though I must ].enew my grief by repeating my story, your ap- 
peárance, as well as your offers of assistance, entitle you to com- 
pliance." 


THE HISTORY OF THE KING OF THE BLACK ISLES. 
" I succeeded my father to the throne of the Black TRIes a few 
years ago, and inyited to share it \vith me a young lady whom 1 
had loypd from my earliest infancy. She was my cousin; we were 
bred up together; and I had eyery reason to RUl'pose I was equally 
dear to her. After a short time I found a visi1Jle coolness in the 
queeJ?'s behavior, which afflicted me the more, as it seemed to in- 
crease dflily, and I could no way account for it. 
" It chanced, as I was reposing on a sofa, two of her attendants 
came into the room, and supposing me asleep, one of them said to 
the other, 'Is not the queen lUuch to blame to treat this amiahle 
I :ince so ill? I wondpl' he does not discover hpr enormities.' 'You 
l\ ; not know, then,' replied the other, 'that e,rery evening t:;he mixes 
in his drink the juice of a certain herb, which causes him to sleep, 
till by applying another herb to his nose she awakens him. 'Tis 
hy thi:,:; nle
ws she escapps detection.' 
2 



26 


AUABIAN NIlarrS' 


" Though 1 was nmch alarmed at th is discourse, I still a ppear('d 
to sleep. In the evening I supped with the queen; but \yhe
l sLe 
presented me, before we retired, with a cup, I only pretrnded to 
drink, and holding it to my mouth some time, I returned it to ht'l' 
untasted. '\Ve withdrew to our chamber: where, as soon a.
 I by 
down on the hed, I pretended to fall into a deep sleep. The quecn 
immediately arose, dre
sed herself, anù having said to me, ' Sl('(\l', 
and may you neyer awake again!' went out of the chamher. 
" I was ready to follow her in an instant. She went to a little 
groye adjoining the garden, where a man 'was wait.ing'for her.. I 
reached t.he grove unobserved, and concealed myself behind a tree; 
I listened to their conversation, and found that she seemed to layifih 
her fondness on one who hearù her very coolly. Enraged that she 
should treat me 150 unworthily, I resoh'ed to he revenged on her 
minion. Accordingly, when they had pa8sed me, I gave him a vio. 
lent blow on the neck with my scimitar, which brought him to the 
ground. I'snpp08ed he ,,'as slain; anc1 not caring to come to ex- 
tremities with the qU('Cll, J retired in haste, without discovering 
myself, and r('turnod imnH'(liately to my chambor. In the morning 
I found my wife lyin
 by me as llsnal, hut she either was, or pre- 
tended to 1m, in a profound sleep, so that I a.rose and went to coun- 
cil without havinp; 
poken to her. 
e, At dinner time 
hc prcHellted herself to me, clad in mourning, 
and expres
ed the utmost affiiction. ',Ala!5, sir,' said she, 'I am 
oppressed with the most cruel misfortunes. I have just heard of 
the death of my royal mother; and that the king, my father, has 
IORt a lJattlc; in which he and one of my hrothers have fallen. Suf. 
fer me to retire f()1. a twehclllonth to the Palace of Tears; that I 
may pay a proper tribute to their nWlllory.' 
"I was not sorry she thm::l di8
uif3ed the true cause of her grief; 
and readily gave her the permIssion Hhe de
;ired. She withdrew 
accordingly to that palace: ancl thit.hm' I filund out 
he cOI1Ycyed 
her galla.nt. The wound I hall givpn hilll Víould have been mortal, 
had she not 11r('
('rvpd him Ly a chink, which she pl't'pared and 
adminbtcrcII to him hersl'lf, c\T('ry day. TIut though she was nl)le 
by this mean'
 to keep him alh'e, yrt she could neither' cure him, 
nor re
tore his facnlties : he lh"es, ind('('(1, hut he can ncìthl'l' walk, 
1110ve, nor 
peak; his eyes alone giro fìigIl
 of exi
tence, }mt Bot of 
wm:ihility. 
,,] hoped that time would hayr, remoypd the (pwon's sorrow I 



EXTEHTAIXJIENT3. 


27 


Bufl'e:;:ed hcr 1 therefore, to continue this course without interrul tion; 
but when, at the end of two yenrs, I found that her" criminal afflic- 
tion was still cherished, I fatally ref<oh.cd to Jet her know I was 
Dot unacquainted with the real source of it. I conceal('d myself 
behind the tomb which she had erected for her galla,nt, and became 
a witness of her ungovernablo folly. The fonduess she lavished on 
him was excf'ssive; nor would it have been excusalJle had he l,cen 
in perfect health. For this adored lover, this miniou, thus doated 
on, was a black Indian; and: as I was well informed, as diHgusting 
in his manners as in his person. ' Alas!' exclaimed she, "tis now 
two years since you have spoken to me; you return no answer to 
the many proofs of love I give you. Is it from the effeet of your bar- 
barous wound, or from coutempt, that you lue thus silent? 0 tomh, 
have you swallowed up the affection he had for me?' Enraged at 
these lamentations, I discovered myself all at once, and reproacheJ 
her with the utmost severity. She heard me at tir
t ill silcnce and 
confusion; but \'I'hen I not only dechtr('d myself the pm1Ï:::dlCr of hel 
gallant, but drew my scimitar to take away the remains of his 
life, her shame turned to rage; she instantly lJCgan to rcpeat en- 
chantments, 
nd pronouncing certain words I did not understand, 
I became as you see me, half marlJle, half Ulan. 
" Nor did I alone fall a sacrifice to the reyenge of this wicked 
woman. By the force of her incantations, she transformed my 
whole territory. The four islands whieh I reigned o\'er, are be. 
come the four hills you passcd; my capital city is changed to a 
pond; and my people are turned into fh;hes, of various colors: the 
l\lussulmans being 'white; the Persians, who adore fire, red; the 
Christians, blue; and the Jews, yellow. This I learned from her 
rage and roprnaclws; for she is not satisfied with tho evils I now 
suffer, but every d..ty 8he comes here, and gratifies her malice by 
invectives, and even hy l)lowf', which I have no power to resist." 
. The young king haying finisheß, his story, Lec3.me o\'erpowered 
with grief. The sultan did hif; utmost to cOllRole him. In amswer 
to the further inquiries of his visiter, the king informed him that 
the Palace of Tears was adjoining to the hall they were in; that 
the enchantress vibited the palace every morning at break of day, 
when she first exercised hcr cruelty on him. and then attended hßr 
gallant, with the drink which preserved him frOlll dying, and be. 
wailed over him his helpless condition. - 
The sultan having revolyed these matters in his mind, took leavo 



28 


ARABIAN 1\IGllTS' 


of the unhappy king, when he foulld he was a little composed, 
without acquainting him with his intention, lest ,a disappointment 
.should aggravate his n.ffiiction. lIe found out the Palace of Tears, 
and a,s soon as he came to the bed where the black lay, he put 
him to death, and dragging his body into the court of the palace, 
threw it into a well! lIe then laid asiùe his upper garment, and 
having blackened his hanùs, face, and neck, and taken his scimitar 
with him, he lay down on the bed in the same posture in which he 
had found the hlack. 
IJ
 passed the llight 'without sleeping, his whole thoughts being 
occupied with the affair he was engaged in. At day-break the 
loud lamenta.tions of the unfortunate king, and the severe blows 
he heard inflictrd on him, gave him notice that the wicked en- 
chantre8s was at hand. The poor prince filled the palace with his 
outcries, and in vain bpsought }1('r, ill the most affecting manner, to 
have pity on him. Having gratified her cruelty, she left him; and 
en,tering the Palace of Tears began, in her turn, to use the language 
of affiiction. " Ala.s!" exclaimed she, as she approached the bed 
on which her supposed lover lay; can I ever sufficiently revenge 
the miseries I suffer 1 To who
e jealousy and cruelty do I owe 
the wrctched situation of my adored lover 1 Alas! my life, my 
love," continued 8hc, aùùres
illg herself, as she supposed, to the 
black, " will you never be delivered from this state of insensibility 
and silence 1 "'ViII you no more he ahle to tell me how much you 
love me 1" 
The sultan affected to awaken slowly, as from a deep sleep. 
At last, heaving a sigh, and imitating the accent of the blacks, 
he said, " There is no force; ('II" power, but in God alone, who is 
almighty.:' The enchantres
, on hearing these words, gave an ex- 
cessive shout for joy; when the sultan, turning toward her, said, 
" U nhapry queen! if thou wouldst ha.ye my recovery complete, 
tc:;tore thy husband, and cease to treat him with indignity." The 
fond enchantress flew to the hall, find taking n. Clip of Wttter. pro- 
nounced certain ,yords over it, which caused it to boil, then throw- 
ing it on the young king, she sai.d, " If thou art in thy present 
stale by the force of my enchantments, rel-'ume thy natural 
powers." On her uttering these \vol'ds, the prince instantly found 
himself ref;tored; the joy he felt was scarcely fillayed by the in 
801ence of his enem v , who rlirected him in the hauO'htiest manner 
J , b , 
to leave the palace immediately, and be seen there no 1110re on 
pain of death. 



EKTERTA IX.MEXTS. 


2D 


'The enchantress returned with impatience to lIer supposed 
lover, anù was delighted to finù him appear much hetter. As sho 
wa.s hastening toward him; the sultan cried out, " Stop: wretched 
laùy; if thou approachest Ilearor to lUe, I shall relapse into my 
former stato of insensibility; my recovery ca11not be perfect until 
thou hast reversed all thy enchantments, which base produced 
such fatal consequences to thy husband's subjects and territory." 
The enchantress, elated with joy and hope, immediately with- 
drew, and in a few minutes dissolved all her spells, and reEtored 

n
rythillg to its former condition. The fbhes became men; the 
houses and shops were again filled with their inhabitants; amI tho 
sultan's retinue were astonished to find themselves in the middle 
of a large and populous city. 
1'110 wicked magician hastened back to the Palace of Tears, and 
was transported to see her supposed 10v(,1" sitting on the lJed. 
Fearing, however; to app)'oach him too hastily, she restrained her- 
self, and said, " I have in all things oLeyed you; I have restored 
to its first state everything that I had transformed." " iTis well," 
replied the sultan, rising up, and going toward her; "come now, 
and receive the reward thou hast deserved." As she flew to meet 
him, he, with oue blow of his scimitar, put an end to hsr life, at 
once pUllishing bel' pa!::t crimes, and preventing her repeating 
them. 
The joy of rhe king and people of the Black Isles, on their de- 
Ih-erance, 'Was extrBme. The sultan heartily congratulated the 
king
 inviting him at the same time to pass a few days in his capi 
tal. which they might reach in a few hours' ride, But the kin
 01 
the isles unclecci \'ed him. c'Though':' said he." you came hither 
in that tim(', yet now the enchantment i
 ended, you will find it 
several mOlJths' journey to the confines of your dominions. I 
will, however, readily attend you, and evpr acknowledge my o'Lli- 
gations to you to the last mOUlent of my life." 
Accordingly, after a few days' repot\e, the young king arlded a 
hUllIired camel!':.,.larlen ,'"ith illestimahle riclw
, to the retinue of 
the Rultan; and joining the 
m,me with ma,ny of his nobleR, he 
cor.dnetNl that prince to his capital, whore they were received by 
the faithful inhnllitailt-.:. with the loudest acclamations. 
X or wa
 th
 fislwrman forgot. .As he was the cause of the dis- 
covery. the snltan gave him a plentiful e:statc, which ahundalltly . 
1!;nÜificd his utmost wishes. 



30 


AUA JUAN NIGllTS' 


THE STORY OF THE THREE CALENDAR?, SONS OF KIKGS, AND 0' 
THE FIVE LADIES OF BAGDAD. 
In the reign of Caliph IIaroun .Alraschid, there was at Bagdnil a 
porter, who was remarkable for his wit and good humor. O?e 
day, as he was waiting for employment, a young and handsome 
lady called to him. The porter was so struck with her appear- 
ft.l1ce and affability, that he followed her with joy, and exclaimed, 
"0 happy day! a day of good luck !" 
The lady knocked at a gate, and .a Christian, of venerable ap. 
IJearance, opened it. She put money into his hand, without speak. 
iug a word; 'when he, knowing what she wanted, brought. her a 
large bottle of .wine, which the porter put into his basket. FrOla 
thence they proceeded to the different dealers in provisions, fruits, 
and perfumes, till the basket was quite full. :l\Ieantime, the por- 
ter, by his ready wit and cheerful obedience, ingratiated himself 
very much into the lady's fa\Tor. Having finished their marketing, 
they arrived at a handsome house, where tbe lady, whose name 
was Amine, caused the porter to take the provisions from his bas- 
ket, for the inspection of her si:5ters: Zobeiùe and Safie. 
rrhe porter having deli,-ered" his load was handsomely paid, lJut 
instead of retiring, as he ought to havo done) he continued linger- 
ing in the presence of the ladies. Z.1beide, suppoliing him not 
satisfied with his pay, offered to gi'Te him more. :, I am oycrpaid 
already, madam," replied he," and am sensible I ought not to 
have stayed here so long. But, permit me to say, I am surprised to 
see no man in company with such beautiful ladies ; you know the 
company of women without men is as dull as the company of men 
without women. Besides, the Bagdad proverb is allowed to ùe a 
good one, which says: · One is never well at table, except there be 
four in company.' " 
The ladies laughed heartily at this discourse of the porter, who, 
encouraged by their good humor, pressed his suit in such sprightly 
terms, that convinced them that hiB education had been aboye his 
condition. K otwithstanding which, Zobeide, re;overing her se- 
rious air, was about to reprimand his presumption, when Amine 
interfered, and besought her sistet"s to let him stay and share their 

ntertaillmcnt. The porter could not restrain his joy on their 
.oDsenting; he would ha\e relStored the money he had received, 
but the grave Zoheide ordered him to keep it. " That which we 
have once given," sa.id she, "to reward those who have sen-ed us. 
we never take aga.in." 



E
TEHT .\.L")IE
'"TS. 


31 


Thpy sat down to their repast together. .After they hað. eater. 
a little, Amine took a cup, filled out wiue, and drank first herself, 
according to the custom of the Arabians; she theu filled the cup 
for her sisters, and last for the porter, who, as he receiveù it, 
kissed her hand, and, before .he dra.nk, snng a song to this pur.. 
pose: "That as the wind brings along with it the sweet sceut of 
the perfumed places through which it passet!, so the wine he wa.s 
going to drink, coming from her fa.ir hand, received a more exquis 
ite taste than what it had of itself." This song pleased the ladies 
highly, and the time they were at diuner passed away very pleas 
antly: after which, Safie reminded the porter that it was time for 
him to depart. He received this hint with visiLle reluctance, ål1d 
Amine once luore became his advocate wjth her 
isters; who, to 
oblige her, readily agl'eed he should continue till evening. 
Zobeide, having signified their consent, turned to the porter and 
said, "One conditioD you D1USt carefully observe; that whatsoever 
we do in your prm
ence, you take heed not to inquire the reason of, 
nor presume to dive into the motive of our actions. That you 
may perceive this is an invariable rule with us, rise up) and read 
what is written over our gate, and then you may stay." The por- 
ter, having read there. this sentence in golden letters," HE WHO 
SPEAKS OF THINGS THAT DO NOT COXCERN IIDI, SHALl.. HEAR OF 
THINGS THAT WILL NOT PLEA
E HDI," replied, ,,; I give you my 
oath, ladies
 that you shall never hear me speak of anything 
which does not concern me, or wherein you have any concern." 
During supper they sang, and repeated verses. The ladies took 
pleasure in fuddling the porter, while they invited him to drink 
their healths; mirth and good humor abounded, when they were 
interrupted by a loud knocking at the gate. 
Safie withdrew to inquire the cause, and presently returning, ac.. 
quainted her sisters that three calend
rs were at the gate, who 
earnestly solicited to be received into the hou
e, or even admitted 
within the porch, for one night, beillg all strangers, just arrived 
at Bagdad; Safie added that they were young, hanùsome, and of 
good address; though each of them was deprh'ed uf his right eye. 
Z:;beide and Amine, finding Safie was desirous they should be 
entertained, desired her to iutroduce them; but to be very explicit 
in telling them the terms on which they were admitted. 
Safie accordingly led them in, after having shown them the 
writing over ",he ga.te, and la.id the same injunctions on them ihat 



32 


ATIABIAK NIGHTS' 


the porter hn,d recehred: to which they each promised exnct, 01)0 
dience, lÜwillg paid their respects to the ladies, one of t
cm cal';t 
hi8 eye upon the porter, who was da<.l much like those calendars 
who neither sha.ye their beards nor eycLrows, and exclaimed, 
" See, we have got one of our revolted AraLian Lrèthren." 
'The porter, who was half asleep, and warm with wille, was af- 
frol1ted at these words; and with a fierce look, answereù, " Sit you 
down: and do not meddle \vith what does not concern you; haye 
you not read the inscription over the gate? do not pretend to 
make })eople live after your fashion, but follow ours." The calen-, 
dar apologized to the captious porter, and the ladies interposing, 
pa1jified him. Aft
r the strangers had received suit{]ble refresh- 
ment, various instruments of nlUsio wcrc introduced; the ladics 
each took one, the calendars did the same, and began a concert of 
music, which was interrupted Ly another loud knocking. 
'The caliph lIaroun Alraschiù was accustomed to walk abroad 
in disguise very often by night, accompanied oy Giafar, his grand 
vizier, and .:\Iesrour, chief of the eunuchs, to inspect into the order 
of the city, 'Uld see that the duty of the magistra.tes was properly 
executed. Passing by the palace of the ladies, he heard the sound 
of music and jollity; and chose to inquire into the rea80n of it. 
The vizier repre8en
ed to him that it was not yet an unlawful hour, 
and that by distu.rbing their mirth, in that disguise, he would prob- 
ably expose himself to insult; but the impatient caliph put an 
end to his remonstrances, by ordering him to knock loudly at tbe 
gate. Ou Safie appearing, Giafa,r represented to her that they 
were ,Maussol mercha.nts, strangers in Bagda.d, who having rambled 

t. cunsideralJ!e way from their khan (or illn) were at a loss to find 
it; they therefore besought from their hospitality the favor of pass- 
ing the night under their protection. 
The ladies, having already admitted the calendars, made no 
I esitation to receive also these pretended merchants. The custo- 
mary caution of the family was gi\'en to them, which they prom- 
ised to observe: the diverðions ";'ere resumed: the calendar!::! arose 
and danced after their manuel', nnd every oue elldcayored to COll- 
tributt' to the ple:umre of the COlUp!J ny. 
After some time; Zobeide arose and taking 
\llline Ly th(' hanù, 
said., \,:
t.h a sigh, .: Si
ter, it grows latC'; it is time for us to proceed 
to \vhat ,ye are wout to do. The company are lJroperly cautioned, 
;he
'ef(Yt'e their presence ueed not delay a lJusiness whIch mn:st DOt. 
be di
pellscd ,,:ith." 



EXTERT AI
:\IENTS. 


33 


Amine withdrew, and returned Immediatcly, leading two black 
bitches, which appeared to have been severely beaten. She deliv- 
ered the chain of one to the porter, and led the other into the 
middle of the room. Zobcide a.ppeared much distressed; but re.. 
ceh-ing the bitch from her sister, she said," Alas! we mUðt per- 
form our duty!" The bitch at the same time began to cry, and 
holding up her head, in an entreating manner, to supplicate com- 
passion. Zobeide, notwithstanding, having received rods, disre- 
garded her cries, and whipped her for a long time, with great 
I5cverity; after which she flung away the rods with indignation, 
rniscd up the streaming animal by the paws, wept over her, and 
having wiped the tears from the eyes of the bitch, she kissed her 
and delivered her to Aminc, who led her away. She then received 
the other bitch from the porter, and treated her in the same man 
1101'; discovered the same relucta,nce, the same severity, the same 
t:iJmpathy, and dismissed her with equal nlarks of affection. 
As soon as Zoheide had recovered from her fatigue, Amine took 
a lute and played a pb,inti,-e tune, which she accol1lpan:ed with 
her voice. Having played and sung for sometime, she became 
transported with her own melody, anù her powers failing her, she 
fainteù away. Zobcide and Safic flew to her assistance, and eu- 
deavored to recover her. TIut the fit not yielding to common 
methods, they were obliged, for air, to lay bare her bosom, which 
appeared bruised, and so full of scars as to shock the beholders. 
\Vhen the caliph was first introduced he was struck with the 
lJeauty and elegant manners of the ladies; the singular appeür- 
ance of the calendars, all young men of polite address, and all 
blind of the right eye, had exceedingly engaged his attention. lIe 
was astonished at the conduct of Zobeide, in so severely whi}Jping 
the two bitches, and afterward crying with them; wiping àway 
their tears, and kissing them, though such animals are considered 
by the l\Iussulman religion as unclean; and the sight of Amine's 
bosom ex.cited his highet;t indignation against the person who had 
80 cruelly abuðed her. Yet he still suffered himself to be re. 
strained by the conditions imposed On him and his companions. 
,\'Thile he "yas meditating on these extraordinary events, he over- 
hoarà the calendars expressing to each other their wonder also. 
The caliph had not douhted before hut the calendars were part 
of the family; but when he founù that they were :strangerM, and 
were equally astonished at what had passed, he entered into COD 
"2* 



3-i 


AHABIAN NIGJITS' 


versation with them. Zoheiùe and Safie still continuing eu
aged 
in the care of Amine, the caliph beckoned the porter, expecting to 
receive information from him; as he was also unacquainted with 
the:se matters, the prince proposed that they should all throw aside 
the law which had been imposcd upon them, and jointly reqnest 
the ladies to explain these mysteries. The calendars assented to 
the proposal, but each declined to ask the que8tion. At last they 
nIl agreed in requiring the porter to do it. vVhile they ,vere con- 
'TCl.sing on this 8ubjpct, Amine recovered; aud ZoLeide, who ha.d 
heard them speak with much earnestness, drew near and ilHluired 
the cause of theit' di8pute; to which the porter lJluntly aU:-5wered, 
" l\Iadam, these gentlemen de
ire you will acquaint them why you 
wept oyer Jour two bitches, aft er you had whipped them; aud 
Luw that lady's Losom, who fainted lately, became so full of 
Bcars." 
Zobcide, turning to the caliph aud the rest of the compan)
, with 
an air of indignation asked if they had ordered the porter to make 
that request. On their acknowledging that they had} she &'1id, 
" Before we gave you the protectioll of our house, you were each 
separately cautioned, not to .speak of things which did not concern 
you, lest you should hear of that 'whiclt 
(mnld not please you J. take 
therefore the just punishment of your impertinence and ingrati- 
tude." As she spoke, she gave three hard knocks with her foot, 
and clapping her hands as often, cried, "Come quick.
' A door 
immediately flew open, and seven strong slaves with scimitars in 
their hands, rushed in. Everyone seized a man, threw him on the 
ground, and prepared to c.ut off his head. The frightened porter 
exclaimed aloud," For lIeayen's sake do not punish me for the 
crimes of others! I am innocent; they are to ùlame; alas!" con- 
tinued he, crying, " bow happy were we before these bl illd caleu- 
dars came; they are the cause of this misfortune; there is 110 
town in the world but falls to ruiu, wherever these inau'3piciouB 
fJl10ws come !" 
The caliph, alarmed at his situation, was about to discover him- 
self, when Zobeide, who, notwithstanding her anger, coulù scarce 
tefrain from laughing aloud at the lamentation of the porter, thus 
addressed herself to them all: " Your unv{orthy c0nduct con vÏuces 
me tbat you are common fellows of no credit in your own coun- 
tries. If, however, you have anything to say before you pay the 
penalty of your folly, we will hear yon:' At the
e WOl'ÙS, one of 



ENTEHTA18MExrs. 


3;'} 


the calendars lifteù up his head, and dC'cIarc<.1 that he anù biB 
brother calendars were princes; and had passed through such 
wonderful adventures, that, wpre they told, would recommend 
them to her pity and forgiYelle:-;
, 
Zohcide, having consulted with her sisters, said, "RC'l.ÜC', then, 
those eYellt
 'which JOu speak of: if they are indeed singular, thC'y 
may perhaps I::;OftOll our resC'ntment." The slaves then suffere,i 
them to ri:.;e, and the ealpn<br who had thus fm' prevailed with the 
affronted bcly to suspend their resentment, began his story. 


HISTORY OF THE FIRST CALEKDAR. 
")Iy grandfather reigned ovcr two adjoining kingdoms; one of 
which he bequeathed at his death to Iny father: and the other to 
his younger son. As the utmost cordiality 8uh
isted between the 
two hrothers, when I grew np and had completed my exercises, I 
used to pass a month every year in my uncle's court, in company. 
with his "'on, who was alJout my age, and with whom I had con- 
tracted an intimate friplld:.;hip. 
"The last visit I paid him, my uncle "'as :Lhsent on a progref:B 
through his distant provinces. :\Iy cOll:-ìill recchoed me with un- 
usual ardor of affection. After a few day:;' repose, he told me that 
I could render him an important service; but before he could ex- 
plain himself, he must exact n. solemn oath, that I would never 
di
coYer wbat he should employ me to do, nor any measure he 
should ta.ke in consequence of that service. I had the greatest 
affection for my cousin, and douhted not but his whole conduct was 
regulated by virtue and honor. I made no scruple, therefore, to 
take the oath he required; on which he requC'sted me to go in the 
evening to the gardens which were set apart for the women of the 
seraglio, 'If JOU are seen,' said he, 'no one will yenture to ques- 
tion you; and whell a lady joins you, all I desire of you iR, to con- 
duct bel' as she shall direct you, and to keep my f:ccrct.' 
"I obeyed his commands; the lady met me, and at her desire, I 
conducted her to a cemetery adjoining to the city, wllC're, at a new 
tomh, we found the prince waiting to receive us; he had with him 
a pitcher with ,'rater, a hatchet, and a little bag of plaster. 1Vith 
the hatchet he broke down the sepulchre in the midst of the tomh; 
he tlH'll lifted np a trap-door, which discovered a stairc.
se: 'Thi
, 
madam.' Râi<l }H',' is the way.' The lady immediately d.eRcended 
the suirt:, and the r,rillce prppared to follow her Turniug to me, 



86 


AUABI.\N NIGHTS' 


he thanked me for my senices; but in answer to my eager in. 
quiries, said only, ' Adieu, my dear cousin! remember your oath. 
Then letting down the trap-door, he disappeared. 
"I returned to the palace uno bserved. After some days, the 
prince not appearing, the ministers of my uncle were greatly dis- 
tressed to know what was become of him. I did not venture to re- 
veal to them what I knew; and indeed, when for my own satisfac- 
tion, J sought the tomb where I had left hiln, there were so many 
alike, that I found it impossible to distinguish it. 
" As the king continued his tour, I determined to return to my 
fh.ther's court; on my arrival, I was immediately surrounded by the 

uards, and taken prisoner. The king, my father, was dead; and 
his treacherous vizier taking advantage of my absence, had cor- 
rupted the soldiery, and seized the throne. This usurper had a 
personal hatred of me. 'Vhen I ,,,as a boy, I v{as shooting at a 
bird with across-bow, the ball unfortunately hit the vizier and put 
· out one of his eyes. I made every apology in my power, yet he 
never forgaye me; and now, when I was brought into his presence, 
he ran at me in a rage, and pulled out my right eye. But not 
daring to put me to death in the capital, lest he should excite an 
insurrection among the people, he sent me to a distant part of the 
country, under the care of his most trusty adherents, who had orders 
to destroy me. 
"From these assassins I found means to escape, and with much 
difficulty I arrived at the dôminions of my uncle, who recehoed me 
with the greatest friendship. After having condoled me, he told 
me with much sorrow of the absence of the prince, his son. Ilis 
excessive grief overcame me; and notwithstanding my oath, I told 
him all that had passed between me and my cousin. 
"The king listened to me with great attention. 1Vhen I had 
finished mynarrati\'e, he proposed we should go privately in search 
of the tomh. "\Ve went accordingly; and I knew it immediately, 
though I had so often sought for it before in vain. We removed 
UJe trap-door with much exertion, as the prince had seeured it on 
the inside with the mortar he took with him. Ou descending, we 
found fin elegant suite of rooms, in one of which was a hed with the 
curtains close ilrawn; these the king opened, and we found the 
})l'ince and the lady in the bed, burnt to a coal. 
"While I viewed this spectacle with horror, I was surprised that 
my unclo, instead of testifyiflg grief at the fate of his son. spat in his 



ENTERT.\ nOIEXTS. 


37 


face, and exclaimed, 'This is the punishment of this world, but that 
of the other will last to eternity!' The king perceived my astonish. 
ment, and explained his conduct by acquainting me, that a criminal 
passion had arisen between the prince and that lady, who was. hi8 
sister; that he had in vain exerted the authority of a father and of 
a sovereign, to restrain these unworthy children; tha.t before he 
began his late tour, he had given an absolute order, that the prince 
should not be permitted to approach the women's apartment. 'The I 
wretch,' continued the unhappy father, 'has rendered vain all nlY 
precautions. It is plain he built these subterraneous apartmcnts 
for a retreat, and made use of your friendl:5hip to obtain the miser. 
able partner of his iniquity; but God, who would not suffer such an 
abomiuation, has justly punished them both.' 
"'Vhen we were recovered from the hopror of this scene
 we 
agreed to retire as privately as we came; to cover up tbe trap-door 
with earth, and to hide, if possible forever, so shocking an instance 
of human depravity in our relations. ,,- e returned to the palaco 
in the deepest affliction; but our attention was Boon called to other 
object
. The vizier, who had usurped my crown, was an able gen 
eral; not doubting but that my uncle would endeavor to punish bil3 
crimes, and to revenge me, he determined to be beforchand vdth 
him; he led the flower of his troops into the field, and by skilfuJ 
conduct and rapid marches, he contrived to surprise the capital. 
At the instant of our return, we found that the enemy had entered 
the gates. 'Ve flew to put ourselves at the head of the guru-ds, 
aud made a vigorous resit:ïtance, but the fortune of the usurper pre. 
vailed. :My uncle fell gallantly fighting; all opposition became 
fruitless; I had no hope of mei'cy. I contrived therefore to escape; 
and, in this ha.hit, I passed unknown through my unc]e's dominions. 
I arrived this day at Rn,gdad, intending to throw myself at the 
feet of the glorious cali ph Haroull Alraschid, and to implore his 
protection.;' 


HISTORY OF THE SECOND CAJ.F.
DAR. 
,L I also, madam," began the second calelHlar, "am the son of" 
a king. I pass over the C\yellts of my early life, anù come to that 
whieh introduced me to so nlauy mi::;fortunes. 
" 
Iy father having occasion to send an embassy to the sultan of 
the Indies, thought the journey, and tlle survey of a. foreign court, 
would be exceedingly useful to me. By his command I joined the 



3B 


AH.\BI.\X :KIGI1T8' 


carayan; we tr:tvclled for a month with safety and pleaRure; wh
lJ 
we were suddenly beset by a numerous troop of robber8, who 
plundered our haggage, killed many of onr party, and dispersed 
th e .res t. 
" I had the good fortune to cscape unhurt; hut I was alone and 
wholly unacquainted with the country. I journeJed on for many 
weeks, and at last arriyed at a. large city, in a most deplorable sit- 
uation; my body sun-burnt, my clothes worn out, and \vithout the 
means of obtaining others. On my entering the town, I applied 
to a tailor, to mend my tattcrcd garments; while h(' was rendering 
me this service, he entered into conversation with 11W, and inquired 
who I was and whence I came. I made no hesitation to acquaint 
him with my situàtion. 'Take especiëtl care,' replied the tailor, 
, how you rcyeal to anyone else who ) ou are; the prince of this 
country is the mortal enemy of your father; the laws of ho
pita.lity, 
or C\'en humar,ity, are little regarded hy him; judge, then, how 
necC'ssary it is for you to hc concealed.' The instant I heard the 
llame of the city where 1 waR, I knew the necessity of this cautioll. 
;, The friendly tailor was of the utmm;t scrvice.to me. lIe took 
me into his house, and gave me such refre:-3hments as Lis poverty 
could furnish. Some days after, wben I was pretty well recovered 
from my fatigue, my hO:::3t, knowing that most princes of our re- 
ligion apply themselves to some art or calling, inquired of me 
which I had learncd. Unfortunately I had neglected that useful 
cu
tom. 'You must then,' Raid he, ' submit to harder labor, for it 
will not be 
afe for you to continue uuemployed in thi8 city: join 
those poor pC'ople 'who cut fupl for the use of the to,,'n, in the 
neighboring forests; I will supply you with a proper hahit, 
wû 
with implements; you may then remain in safety with me, till an 
opportunity offers of returning to your father's dominions.' 
" I followed thi8 prudent addce, and for a year went daily tü 
the fbrest. One day, as I wa.s pulling up the root of a tree, I es- 
pied an iron ring, fastened to a trap-door; on lifting it, I saw some 
8tairR, which I descended, and found they led to several Rtately 
rooms, in one of which I discovered a lovely lady, of noble carriage, 
and extraordinary beanty. S he expressed the greatest snrprise at 
seeing mB: 'I have lin
d; Ffiid she, · twenty-fi\Te years here, and 
nor P}' f.aw nl1Y man lJéfore! hy what adventure are you come 
hit}:('r r 
h I wa.
 a
lI[lmed to he cOlwiderC'd, llY so lovely a woman, as an 



F.u.
'.rEl{TAI

l.E
 rs. 


39 


humble wood-cutter; 1 therefore readily told her who I was; and 
requested to know by wbat acciùent she had been so long secluded 
from the world. 'Alae! prince,' said she,' I am abo of royaJ 
birth; my f.l.the1', king of the isle ùf Ebene, gave me in marriage 
to a prince; but on my weddiag-night, before I was introduced to 
my spouse, a genie took me away. 
" 'I was a long time inconsolaLle; but time and necessity have 
accustomed me to receive the hateful genie. lIe visits me every 
tenth day. If I wish to see him at any other time, I touch the 
talisman you sce there, and he presently appears. He will not he 
here these five days; if you choose to pass them" ith me, I will 
endeavor to entertain you accorùing to your quality amI merit.' I 
embraced her proposal with the greatest joy. 
,. The next day Bhe introlluced at dinner a bottle of excellent old 
,"tine; my head grew affected hy it. 'Princess,' said I, , you have 
too long been thus buried 3live; you shall not continue to be en- 
slaveù by this tyrant, Let him come; I swettI' I will extirpate all 
the genii in the world, and him first; and for this talisman, I will 
break it.' The princess entreated ruo not to touch the talisman. 
I know,' said she, ' what Lelollgs to genii better tlmn you.' But 
in yain; the fmllcB of the wine did Dot suffer me to hearken to her. 
I g
we the talisman a violeut kick 'with my foot, and broke it n.1l 
to pieces. 
;, Immediately the palace lJegan to shake: thullder, lightning, 
and darkness, appalled us. rrhis tel'ri11e appearance ill an instant 
dispelled my drunkenness. I perceived at once my folly and the 
danger we were in. 
"The princess, anxious only for me, urged me to escape ill1.me- 
diately. I obeyed her in so mUèh haste, that I left my hn.tchet alìd 
cords behind me. I had scarce ascended up the stairs, when I saw 
the palace open, and the genie rushing in, the earth closed. 
" I returned to the city in great distress, grieved at my own mis 
conduct, and in despair for the poor princess. )Yhen I got home, 
I paid little attention to the joy expressed by my friendly tailor 
for my safe return; but retired to my chamber, and gave myself up 
to the most tormenting reflections. 
"From these I was soon roused by my hoet; who came to tell 
me that an old man had brought home my hatchet and cords, 
which he would not deliyer to anybody hut myself, I turned palo 
:Lt this intelligence; but before I had time to l'eoover myself, the 



'0 


A t:.\ln -\'i 
lG ll'rs. 


old man followed him: 'Do not thesc thing
 belong to you 1" said 
he. 8ternh-. This ahrupt question. his terrible a8pect, and my own 
fear8, made me unable to Rnswer him. While I continued thus 
torpid from terror, be 8eÏzed me, dragged -me out of the house. 
aud mounting into the air, carried me along with ineredihle swift- 
ness 
 then descending. he 8Iruck tbe earth with his foot, which 
opened, and we found oUl"8eh"e
 in the palace of the prince
s of 
ELene. But alas! what. a. spectacle! The poor priLce
;) was lying 
on the ground, fainting. naked., and bleeding. 
'" Perfidious wretch!" said the genie to her, C is not this thy gal- 
lant l' She, casting up her languishing eyes at me s
1id,' I do not 
kuo" him. nor mer saw him before.' , '\
hat !' said the genie, Is 
he not the cause of thy being in the condition thou art 
o justl)- in! 
and Jet darest thou say thou dost not know him?" 'I do not know 
him,' replied the princes
. 'If 80' said the genie pre
('ntin
 a 
H'imÏtar to her, C cut oft' his head.' '...-\.l
 !' replit>d the princes...", 'I 
Hill not ahle to ol)p
- your l)
lrb:1rolls coml
}and, eyen if I were will- 
ing.' The. genie. turning from her. with indignation said to me, 
, \nd tbou-Gol"t n0t thou know her l' 

. I should ha\c })('en the base:;;t of sla.,es. had I been less faithful 
to her than the lninc"

 was to me. I ther('fore answered firmly,' I 
knt)w her not, nor ha.ye e,er seen her l)efore.' C Take then the 
("im- 
itar,' 
aid the genie, 'and cut off her head! I shall then be con\ in- 
ced of your innocence, and will bet you at liberty.' C "ïth all my 
heart,' rel)liNI I. 
" The unhappy princess c
st up to me 3. look e
-pressi\e of her 
readiness to die fi)r my 8
fet
.: hut nothing' could be furth('l' from 
Dl
. intention than to perpetrate sueh n crime. Checking, therefore, 
my seeming readine::,s, I p
Hlsed a moment, ani thell E'aid to the ge- 
n:(', ' I cannot bring m,
('lf to ta.ke awa
. tllP life of an unharpy Indy, 
who h:1 th done me no "rong. I f h
. 1U1.H"dt'r only I cn 11 esea pe your 
unjust resentment, I lUn in your power, and you must do with me as 

-ou please.' 
,., I f:('e; 
nld the 
enie, , that you both l)ut me at ddh1nc('.' ITa",. 
in
 f:aid this.}1(' took up the f:cimitar. unci put:m end to her lift'. 
Thpn tl.lrnin
 to me, ,', a
 I I"ur(',' Ea.id }w, ' that 
he had put a greater 
affront 011 me dum in cOIl\ersiug' with the(', thou nh.o shouldst die; 
hut I "ill bf' contf'ut with tran
f()rmill
 thee into 11. dog, ap(', lion or 
1,ird: take th
. choice.' '0 
('nip; said I. ' it i" more noble to l)ar. 
d\.llJ than to punish; if you" ill generously di::'1l1iss me, I 
hall e\er 



EXTEHT AI
)IEXTS. 


41 


gratefully remember your clemency. and :you will act like the illus. 
trious 
nltan lIa&'all _\.Ii, whose f Jrbefirance was the cause of all 
his good fm.tuUl\. 'I will ba'\"c patience till 
 on tdlme that story.' 
r
plit:'d tbe geniè, . but think not to e
cõ.1pe unpunished.' JJ 


THE STORY OI' THE E);'
lOrS :'>I.A
, .A.XD OF HBI THAT HE E,XVIED. 
lIti8
an 
\.li was rC8pected by all his neighbors, except b
 one 
man: "ho, eIH'"3-ing hig great reputa.tion, conceiyed a ,iolent hatred 
to him. IIa
san endt."'a,-ored in ,ain, b.r repeated good (\ffice
, to 
OH'rcome this di
like; but finding his neighbor.s ill-will uncon- 
querable, he detel.n1Ìnetl to remo\ e to another town, rather than 
li,-c at enmit\.. 
lIe removed accordingly, put on tbe Ilal\it of ß. del"' is, and pa...s. 
eel his time in retirement. The 
:\llctity of his manners. mid the 
l.(\ue,olence of his heart acquired him general esteem. He wa:;; 
raised to the head of a convent of del"\-i

, and his reputatjon 
f.pread abroad, till it reached the town he had left, and rencw- 
ed tIle ill-will of his unworthy neighbor. This man, becoming 
more Ì1n-eternte than e,er agaim:t Ha
san, determined to \ i
it him 
sit his conn'ut, with intent to de
troy him. II

an recei,ed him 
kindly, and readily ","eut with him into the garden of the conyent t 
to hear the busineS8 he pretended to have with him. 
It was night, and the envious man was well acquainted with the 
garden. lIe prolonged the conversation till they came to the edge 
of a deep well t wh{'n 8l1dd.enly turning, he pusbed lIa8san into it. 
lIe then l{'ft the COD\"ent hastily, and returned home, rejoicing tbat 
he had gratified bis malice and d{,8troyed the good derv181. 
It chan('ed t.hat the well was inhabited by filiries and genii, "ho 
recei,{'d IIa-8:,an and pres,er,ed him. 
"hile he was reflecting on these e,ent!;, he heard a voice rela- 
ting hi8 stOl'
'. and after highly pra.ising him, go on to declare, that 
the sultan int{'nded tû nsit him the next day to recommènd his 
d:1u
hter to his prayer5l. 
Änother voice asked, "'Yhat need had the princess of the der- 
,i!"8 prßyer
 r: '1'0 which the fir
 answered." She i
 p<,s
e

(\d 
II). a genip, hut the cure is easy: there is in the convent a black 
cat, with a wbite 
pot at the {'
d of her tail: let 8e,en of these 
white hai
 l
e burned in presence of the princes
, and the genie 
willlpa,e her, and ne,er dare to return." The der,is took care to 
remember this conversation. In the morning he got out of the 



42 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


\yell without diffinulty: when he entered tl1e convent, his l at com. 
ing as usual to play about him, he pulled out seven hairs from the 
white spot on the tail, and put them safely by. 
Shortly afterward, the sultan arrived with his attendants. lIas- 
san receiyed him with suitable respect, and immediately, Lefore the 
tmltan had explained the cause of his coming, he caused tire to 
be IJrought in; and })urning the hairs, the genie gave a great cry, 
and left the princcss, who inst..'tntly appeared to be perfectly recov- 
ered. The sultan rejoiced beyond measure at this event: having 
the highest opinion of the good dervis, be gave him his daughter 
for a wife, and dying soon after, Hassan succeeded to his throne. 
"'\\'hen he made his puhlic entry into his capital, great crowds 
flocked from all parts to see their new b1:>vereign. Among the 
rest, camB the envious man, who little expected to find hi
 old 
neighbor alive, and become his prince. Tbe good IIassan, seping 
him in the throng, commanded him to be brought before him. 
The envious man came into his presence trembling, and expecting 
the punishment he deserved; but the sultan ordered him valuable 
presents, and dismissed bim with this I'emark: "I freely forgive 
thy past malice, and consider thee as entitled to reward, haying 
been the cause of my good fortune; but aB the e\'ÏI thou didst in- 
tend me has been most serviceable to me, so the good I now do 
thee will bec,)me evil if thou dost not shake off thy malignity." 
" You see, genie, said I, how nobly Ilassan Ali behaved to his 
enemy. Let me el1treat you to follow bis examl)le. Instead of. 
attending to my request, the genie threw some earth in my face, 
. and vanished. I found myself all at once removed from the palace 
to the ridge of a mountain; and transformed into an ape. 
"J was ovcn;yhelmed with sorrow at this metamorphosIs. I de.. 
terrcined, without knowing why, to. leave the mountain and to to 
the sea-coast, which I saw at a great distance. 'Vhen I came 
there, I found a vessel at anchor near the shore; I broke off tho 
arm of a tree, and getting on it, guided it with two small sticka, 
which servüd me for oars, till I came close to the ve
8el, when I 
seized a rope, and jumped on board. The passengers had seen my 
dexterity with mueh pleasure; but when I lea.ped. on board, their 
superstition took alarm; everyone pursued me with hanrlspikes or 
arrows, and I should cert.."tinly have been slain, if I had not thrown 
myself at the feet of the captain, and, by my tears and expres8ive 
gestures, obtained his protection. 



L
TERTAIXJIEXTS. 


43 


II A few days aftm we made the port of a ca})ital town. Un our 
arrival, some officers came 011 board and desired a::; nUl,ny as chose, 
to write in a paper they produced. The reason of this request 
was, the vizier of the country was lately dead; who, besidés pos
 
J3esbing other great talents, was a very fine writer; and the sultan 
had determined not to give his place but to one who would write 
as well. Eyerybody, on hearing this story, was eager to write. 
1Yheu they had done, I made signs that I could write. The offi- 
cens paid no regard to me, but the captain stood once more my 
friend. At his request a pen was given to me, and I wrote six 
Borts of hands used among the AraLians; each specimen being a 
dif5tich in compliment to the sultan. As soon as that prince saw 
my writing, he ordered his officers to conduct the writer to covzt 
in grcat pomp, and to declare him vizier. The officers could pot 
re:::;train their laughter on receiving tbis order, but immediatAly 
apologized to their sovereign by acquainting him that the writer 
was not a man, but an ape. The sultan was amazed
 and express. 
ed great desire to see me. On my bcing introduccd, I directly 
paid my l'espects to him, in thè usual manner, to the surprise of 
the spectators; who wondered how an ape should distinguish the 
prince and behave to him so properly. 
" The sultan retiring to dine, made a sign for me to attend him. 
After dinner a chess-board was brought in, and on his pointing to 
It, I made him understand that I could play the game. "r e sat 
down; the sultan won the first game, but I won the second and 
third. Secing him disconcerted, I immediately wrote a compli- 
mentary distich which restored his good humor. 
"The sultan had a daughter who was justly called the Lady of 
Deauty, of whom he was exceeding fond. 1'hinking the sight of so 
wonderful an ape would entertain her, he sent for her; on her 
entering the room she let fall her veil, though there was only the 
customary attendants present. 
[he sultan inquired the cause of 
this novelty : ' Sir,' l'eplied the princess, , the ape that you have by 
you is a youn
 prince, transformed by enchantment. I have learned 
the seventy rules of magic, whence I know, at first sight, all per 
sons who are enchanted, and how they became so.' 'Have you 
power, also,' said the sultan, , to dispel the charm l' 'I have,' re. 
plied the princess. 'Do so thcn immediately, I entreat you,' said 
the sultan; 'I interest myself excepdingly in this prince's fortune; 
if you can restore him, I will make him my vizier, and he shaH 
marry you.' 



44 


ARAnIA
 KIGHTS' 


,. 'The Lady of Beauty retired, and presently returning, brought 
a knife 'which had. some HeLrew words engraved on the blade. She 
conducted the sultan and myself, attended by the master of the 
eunuchs and a little slaye, into a prinlte court of the palace; and 
placing us in the gallery, she drew a circle within which she wrote 
Eeveral words in AralJian characters, some of them ancient, others 
of the character of Cleopatra. 
" 'Vhen she had finished the circle she placed herself in the centre 
of it, where she Legan adjurations, alId repeated yerses out of the 
AlcOl.an. The air insensibly grew dark; all at once the genic ap- 
pe.ared in the shape of a lion of a frightful size. 
,. , "
retch,' said. the princess to him, 'darest thou present thy- 
self in that shnpe, thinking to frighten me 7' 'And thou,' replied 
the lion, 'art thou not afraid to In'eak the treaty which was so 
solclUnly made between us 1 but thou shalt quickly have thy rC'- 
ward. At these ,,-ords be opened his terrible jaws and ran at ber 
to devour her; but she leaped backward, pulled out one of her 
hairs, and by pronouncing threo or four word!:!, changed herself into 
a sharp sword, and cut the lion in two. 
" The lion vani!:ihed, and a scorpion apI;eared in his roolll. The 
princess became a sC'rpcnt, and fought the scorpion, who, finding 
himself worsted, took the shape of all cagle, aud flew away. The 
serpent also took the same shape and pursued him, so that we lost 
sight of them both. Some time after the ground ()pe.aed, and there 
came forth a cat, with her hair standing upright, and makiug a. 
fearful mewing ; a black wolf followed her clos


 and 
ave her no 
time to rest. The cat thus ha.rd beset, changed herbelf iuto a worm 
and a pomegranate lying by the side of the canal. the worm pierced 
it in an instant and hid itself; but the pomegranate immediately 
swelled as big as a gourd, and presently burst into several pieces. 
The wolf became a cock, and picked up the seeds of the pomegra- 
nate; when he could find no more, he came toward us: as if he 
would ask us whether he had left any. 'There was one lyin
 at tho 
brink of the canal, which we perceiving, pointed it out to tno 
cock, which ran spf'edily toward it; just as he was going to pick 
it up, the seed rolled into the river, and became a little fish. The 
cock jnmped into the rh-er, and was turned into a pike, which pur- 
, sued the small fish. They continued both under water about two 
hours, and we began to wonder what had become of them, 
when, on a sudùen, we heard such terrible crics as made us 



Ly.rERTADOIENTS. 


4.\ 


tremble, and presently we saw the princess and the genie all in 
flames. They threw flashes of fire at each other so fiercely, that 
we apprehended tha.t the palace would be consumed; but we soon 
had more reason to be alarmed, for the genie, haying got loose from 
the princess, came to the gallery and blew flames on us. 'The 
princess flew to our relief and beat away the genie; but in that 
Dll'lllellta.ry atta.ck the sultan's face was dreadfully scorched, the 
eunuch was stifled, and a spark entering my right eye it became 
blind. 'Ve expected nothing but dea.th, when we heard a cry of 
, Yictory! victory !'-the princess appeared in her natural shape, 
but the genie was reduced to a heap of ashes. 
" The princess hastily caught up some water in the hollow of her 
hand, and uttering certain worù.
, she threw it over me, and I be. 
came a man as hefore, one eye only excepted. As I wafi about to 
return thanks to my deliyerer, she prevented me by addressing her 
father thus: 'Sir, I have got the yictory over the genie; but it is a 
victory that costs me dear, as I haye but a few moments to live. 
This would not have been had I perceiyed the last of the pomegr-a. 
nate seeds, and swallowed it as I did the others. That oversight 
obliged me to have recourse to fire, and to fight with those mighty 
arms, as I did, between heayen and earth, in your presence. I 
hare conquered and reduced the genie to ashes; but the tire pierced 
me also during the terrible combat, and I :find I cannot escape 
death.' 
" 1Ve were thunderstruck at this declaration, and had scarce re- 
covered the power of expressing our sorrow, when the princesb 
cried out: 'Oh, I burn!' She continued some time crying out, tiU 
at last tbe effect of the fire was so violent, that she also, as the 
genie, was reduced to a heap of ashes. 
"I was inexpressibly grieved for this fc"ttal misfortune. The 
tmltan fainted away; and when he revh-ed, he continued several 
days so ill that his life was deRpaired of. 1Yhen he was a little rc- 
covered he sent for me: 'Prince,' saiù he, 'listen to the orders I 
llOW give you; it will cost you your life if you do not obey thenl 
I have constantly lived ill felicity till you arrived in my dominions, 
I need not remind you of the sad reverse I now experience, or of 
the los
 of my daughter. You are the cause of all. Depart from 
_ hence in peace, without delay; I am persuaded your presence IJrings 
mischief along with it; depart, and take care of ever appearing 
again in my dominions; there is no consideration that shall hinder 



-4'1 


AU.\.mAN :JS!<}llT::;' 


IllY making you repent of it if you do.' 1 was going t<. reply but 
he prevented me, and drove me from his presence with words full 
of auger. Rejected, hwished, thrown off' lJY all the worlel, I 
(
aused my beard and eyebrows to be shaved and set ofl' for Ba:.;- 
dad; lamenting more for the two unfurtunate princesses than fur 
my own wretchedness. I arrived here this evening, and hope to get 
admission t{) the commander of the faithful, anù, by reciting my 
flrange adventures, to obtain his princely compas:;ion." 


HISTORY OF THE THIRD CALENDAR. 
" l\Iy name is Agib. I am the son of a king, at whose death I 
took possession of an extensive and flourishing kingdom. 'Vhün [ 
was settled on the throne I resolved to visit the distant provinces 
of my empire, particularly several valuable islands. )V- e had an 
exceeding pleasaut voyage there, but on our return a furious storm 
arost', and drove us so far out of onr course that the pi10t knpw 
not ill -what direction to steer. WhiJe we were in this uncertainty 
a sailor from the mast-head gave notice that he saw something 
which had the appearance of land, but looked uncommonly black. 
"The pilot on this report expressed the utmost consternation. 
t )Ye are lost,' said he, ' the tempest has driven us within the influ. 
ence of the black mountain, which is a rock of adamant, and at 
this time its attraction draws us toward it; to-morrow we shall 
approach s,o near that the iron and nails win be drawn out of the 

hip, which of course must fall to pieces, and as the mountain is 
entirely inaccessible, we must all peri:-;h.' 
"This account was too true. The next day, ag we drew near 
the mountain the iron all flew out of it, the ship fell to pieces, and 
the whole crew perished in my sight. I had the good fortune to 
f'f'cure a plank which bore me up, and the tide gently drove me to 
the foot of the mountain; when I approached it, I found it was 
entirely perpendicular for a great hcight; I continued thrrcfore 
upon my plank coasting it, and was almost reduced to d
}spair, 
when I discoverf'd a flight of steps that wpnt up to the top. rrhese 
] gained with great difficulty; there was no ground on either side; 
and when I landed I found the steps so narrow, rugged, and diffi- 
cult, tha.t the least wind must ha'\e blown me into the sea. I got 
up, notwithstanding, to the top without accident, and gave God 
, hanks for my deliverance. 
, On the summit of the mountain I found a dome of fine brass, 



E::\TUU' \IX:\IE
TS. 


47 


upon the top of which stood t.he fi
nl'e of a man on horseback, of 
tho same metal. Being lUuch fatigued, I lay down under the dome, 
and soon fell ar;leep; whell 1 dreamt that the old man canle to me, 
and said: 'Hearken, Agio !-a
 soon as thou art awake, dig up the 
ground under thy feet, and thou shalt find a bow of Lrass and three 
arrOVtS of lead; shoot the arrows at the statue, and the rider wirl 
fall into the sea, lmt the horse will f
\'ll down by thee, which thou 
must bury in the smne place whcnce thou t<tkest the bow anù 
arrows. This being done, tho mountain ,\'ill gradually sink down 
into the sea; and thou wilt have the glory of delivering mankind 
from the many calamities it occasions. 'Y hen it has sUlik to tho 
surface of the water, thou shalt see a boat with one man ill it; this 
man is also of metal. Step on board the Loat, and let him con. 
duct thee; in ten days' time he will hring thee to lallJ, whenc<" 
thou wilt find easy passage to thy OW11 country. But Le partieu. 
larly carefulll.ot to mention the name of God while thou cÙlltinuest 
in this hoat.' 
"'\Vhen I awoke I was much comforted by the vision, which I 
prepared to olJey. I dug up the arrows, and shot the1l1 at the 
1õJtatue; every event foretold ill my dream followed precirsely; and 
,,-hen I got into the boat of metal, I found a quantity of all kinds 
of refreshments, which were very acceptable. For nine days the 
man of metal continued to row day and night without ceasing. I 
wa..c;; so mindful of the caution I had received, tbat I did not speak 
at all; but arriving then near Rome islands, my joy maJe me for. 
get myself, and I exclaimed, ' God's name be blest!' Immediately 
the man and boat sunk, and I was left in the water. 
" I got safe on shore, and presently saw a vessel drawing nigh 
the island; not knowing what sort of people might be ill it, I 
climbed a thick tree whellce I could see them undiscovered. 
Presently a numher of slaves landed, and began to dig near the 
tree where I had taken refuge. Soon after a venerahle old gen. 
tleman came on shore, leading a handsome youth, attended by 
several slaves who carried provisions. They came together to the 
place where the slaves had opened the ground; after a short stay
 
they all returned to the vessel, except the young man, and Bailed 
away. 
" vYhen I perceived they were at such a distance that they could 
not see me, I descenJed from the tl'ee, and p-asily removing the 
looso flfirth: came to a flight of steps; these I descended, and found 



4.8 


A RABUN NIGHTS' 


a r00m hand:::;omely furniRhed, and the YOlmg man sittll1 b upon 11 
couch. He started at the sight of me, yet rose to recei\Te me wIth 
a good grace. I presently removed his fears, by offering to deliver 
11Ìm from his confinement, on which he requested me with a smile 
to sit down by him, while he related the cause of his heing lcft in 
that place. 
'" l\Iy father, sir/ said he, C had grown old in successful traffic, 
and had gained immcnse wealth, before it had pleasöd Providence 
to grant him a child to inherit it. He had begun to despair of the 
blessing, when I was born. The joy he felt at my birth was pre:;- 
ently clouded over; for, in his anxiety tor my welfare, he con- 
sulted astrologers, as to what my future lot would Le. 1'hey told 
him I should reach fifteen in perfect he
llth, and if I 
urvived that 
birthday, I should attain a good old age, in prosperity; but that 
about that time, Prince Agib would throw down the statue of brass 
from the mountain of adamant, and within fifty days after would 
put an end to my life. _ 
,,' My father was exceedingly afflicted at this prediction, and 
prepared this haLitation to conceal me in at the destined period. 
As the time slid on, his uneasiness in some degree subsided; Lut 
he le.arned yesterday, that ten days ago the statue was overturned 
by the prince they had mentioned; and I want just forty days to 
complete my fifteenth 
year. 1'hese circumstances have awakened 
all his terrors; he hastened to place me in this asylum, to which I 
came very cheerfully; for surely Prince Agib will never seek me 
in a place under ground, in the midst of a desert island.' 
" 'Yhile the young man was relating this story, I was surprised 
to find myself so much interested in it. I des}lised those a
trolo- 
gel's, who had foretold that I should take away the life of 3 youth 
for whom I already began to feel affection. I encouraged him in 
the hopes that he was out of all danger; I offered to continue 
with him as a companion during his confinement, but took care not 
to let him know that I was the Agib whom he dreaded. lIe 
received my offcr ,,,ith joy; and we passed thirty-nine days very 
pleasantly. 
"The fortieth day came, and in the morning the young man 
rejoiced that the threatened danger was over; he preparcd him- 
self by bathing to receive his father, and being fatigued; he lay 
down on a couch to repose. After a while he requested me to 
give hill1 some melon. I 100kGd out the best which rer:tmined, hut 



KXTEHT.\ IXJI E:'\TS. 


49 


wq,s at a. 10s
 f()r u kuife to cut it. 'Thcl'
 is one',' 
;tid lIe, ' on the 
cC"1;"nice o,er my hea.d.' I saw it, and nUl.tie R() 1ll1H.h haste to reach 
Ït._ that when I ha.d taJwn it in my hand, my f<wt heing entangled 
iu the covering of the couch, I fell mo!':t unharpily on the young 
IDi\n, and rnn the knife into h is heart. 
" It is impoR
ible to express the ttnguish I felt at this fatal acci- 
dP' J 1t. I cried out, beat my hreast, and threw mY
,elf on the grounò. 
,Vhen these transports ha.d a little sulJsided, it fortunately occurred 
to me dr.'},t my situation was very dangerous; that the old lUau 
a'1d. his slaves would prolJ;,tbly arrh'e soon, and finding me in the 
ctwern and his son slain, I had everything to dread fr0m hi
 resent- 
ment. These considerations werc very scasona.ùle, for ou ll'lY 
hastening out of the apa.rtment, I percei n'd that the vCiSsel had 
arrived, and the old m
n with his slaves were landing. I had just 
time to climb the tree 'which beforo concealed me, when they came 
to the subterraneous dwelling. 
" I could Oh8Crye that they camc forward with confidence, which 
abated greatly when they found the ground open. Some of the 
slaves hastily descended, and soon returned, hearing the dccefiHed 
youth, with the knife sticking in his body, for I had not had power 
to take it out. At thiFl piteous sight the old man fell down in a 
swoon; the slayes lamented; and, though unseen by them, I joined 
in their grief yery heartily. After a time, when they had with 
difficulty recovered the old man, they., by his direction, made a 
gra.ve and buried the poor youth; the unhappy father, over. 
whelmed with sorrow, threw thl) first eot rth on him; the slaves 
sreedily filled up the grave, and then carrying their afflicted patron 
on board the vesRcl, they depai.ted. 
" I harl hoped to be cou\'cycd to the continent hy means of this 
ship; but l)eing thus fatally disappointed, I was ohligc<l to con- 
tinue and ram'hle ahout the iRland for It month longer, liviRg on 
the wild fruit!:) it pl'oduced; at length I discovered a part where 
t
e channel was not very wide; I cf>ntriveù to pa!':s oyer here, 
without much difficulty. 'Yhen I landed, I set off with spirit, and 
prpsently thought I saw at a di
tance a great fire j I TPjoieed much 
at the sign of inhabitants, but when I drew ne:1.1", I found what I 
had supposed a fire, was the reflections of the sunbeams on a cas- 
tle of copper. 
" It was evening he-foro I rc-ach3d this building, where I WR8 
very hr.
ritably recci\'eJ by ten handsome young men who were 
3 


. 



ði) 


AR\BL\N 
IGHT8' 


all blind of the right eye. They introduced me into the c:lstIe, 
allotted me an apartmel1t, and inyited me to f;UP with them; :lft{'J 
which, at their request, J related what had befallen me. 'V' 6 
continucil vcry merry, till it grew late, when oue of the company 
romiI
dcd the rest tbat it was time for them to pcrfurm their duty. 
Tmmcdi:ltC'ly, upon a signal giycn, ten basins were hrou
ht in. 
nJ 
one 
et lJefC're o:1,ch of the gC'utlemen. rrhey uncovered the basins 
w'hich c(\nhtinec1 ashe
, coal-dust, and lamp-black; with these they 
l)eù;lUlw(l their face
, beating their breasts, weeping an! CXChtiIll- 
ing, 
 rrhlH is the fi.u it of our i(!lelJess and debauchery.' This exer- 
cise continued a lo!.g time, after which, water being brought in, 
they washed, awl each withdrew in silence to his own apartment. 
" I was conducted n.lso to my bed-chamher; but though Dltigucd, 
I was t00 much astonished to sleep. In the morning I very oarn- 
estly rerplCRted tbe g<.>utlrnwn to tell me the meaning of what I 
had Been, and also how it chanced they were all blind of the right 
eye. They positin'ly refÌ1fo'eù to gi,-e me this satisfhction, decbring 
t.hat I 80ught to divulge a curiosity that I should repent of as long 
as I Uvea. ThuR f;ilrnccd, I pafl.Red thc day with them at their OY.n 
request, and the evening was closed with a repetition of their 
di
gusting pemtl1l'o. 
., The day following I renewed my inquiries in 80 earnpst a man- 
ner, th:1.t one of them, in hehalf of the rest, said, 'It is out of 
friendship to you, prince, that we haNe withheld from you the 
information you "ish; but if you continue to dema!
d it, we are 
not at libert.y to refu
e you. Know, however, that you will lose 
your right eye by gratifying your dangerous curiosity; and that 
when that misfortune hath befallen you, you cannot remain with 
us, as onr number is complete, and nO addition can be made to it.' 
,
 As I still persiRh'd, the gentlemen killpd a sheep and Rkinnec1 it. 
They present('r{ me ,,'ith a knife, n.nr{ sewpd me up in the skin, tell. 
iug me; '\Ve must now leave yon; hut prC'Rcntly a roc will comc
 
and taking you for a 
h('Pl', will flyaway with you. Be no' 
alarnwd; hut when he alights, cut open the skin and throw it oft; 
when he will flyaway. Yon ",ill then sep a. large 1m-lace whi{'h 
you wiU cuter. . "
e have all hpC'n there, l)ut may not tell you wha' 
bf'fell 118, or explain O11I'RP,lves any furt hcl'.' 
"'1'he gentlemen tlH'n I(
ft IlW, unci pl'pspnt1y tbc roc cmne and 
c3.-rried me away. The roc is a white bird of enormous size find 
or 

t('h 
trength, that it takes clC'ph:mts from the plain" to tha 



EXl EHTAIX l\U

TS. 


, 


51 


tops of the mountains, where he feeds on tl: em. On his alighting, 
I tlu'ewoff the skin as I was directed, and the l' JC flew away. 
" I walked forward to the palace i whieh Waf! lUo.".e splendid than 
jmagination can concei,"e; and when I entered it I was l'eceived 
by forty ladies of exquisite beauty, most sumptuously apparelled. 
'They conducted me into a spacious hall, the doors of which were 
of burni
hed gold set with diamonùs and rubies, aud everything 
within it of equal magnificence. Here, notwithstanding my oppo- 
sition, they placed me 011 a 
eat exalted above their8, saying, ' Yon 
are at present, our lord; and we are )'our slaves ready to olJf:'Y 
your commands.' 
" :Nothing could exceed the desire of these 1eautifulladies to do 
mn l3ervice. 'rhey brought in a handsome collation and d
 licious 
"w'iaes; after which they entertained me with a conc('rt and 
dancing. The day following was spent in the same manner, musie, 
dancing, feastin12:, and wantonness, marked the moments as they 
flew; and the whole year passed away while I thus indulged in 
every species of 'Toluptuousnc
s. 
" At the end of the year I was surprised to see the ladies enter 
my apartment
; all in great o'ffiiction. They embraced me with 
much tenderness, and badp, me adient I conjured them to explain 
to me the cause of their grief, and of their })cing alJout to leaye 
me ; when one of them told me that thcy 'Were obliged to be absent 
. forty days, upon illdi8pell
alJle duties \vhich they were not permit- 
ted to reveal; and that their sorrow arose from the :l11prehension 
that they should sre me again no more. 'This,' continued she, 
'will wholly depend upon yourself; here are the keys of a hun- 
dred doors which you will find in the adjoining courtR. These we 
are obliged to leave with you. You will find abundance of curious 
things within ninety-nine of these door8 to gratify and nmus
 you, 
'Which you may enjoy in safety; but if you open the golden door, 
we 81m
I never see you agnin. And it is this fear lest you shouhl 
be oY{
rcome by an indiscreet curiosity, that giyes us so much dis- 
tm>l)ance. 
" I embraced the ladieR all around, and gave th01n my best thanl{s 
for a sorrow so very flattering to me. I assured them: in the most 
earnest manuel', that nothing should induce me to forfeit their 
society, by breaking their injunction. I received the hundred 
1u'ys, and having exchanged may farewells they departed, and I 
was left a
one. 


. 



52 


ALL\13IAN KIGHT':;' 


":\Iy time had Leen passed in such a perpetual round of pleM 
ure, that I had Hot before had the least ùesire to examine thiR 
inimitable palace. As I was now at leisure, and had permission to 
open ninety-nine of the door
) I began with much eagerlless to 
gratify my curiosity. It woulù be tedious if it were possible, to 
describe what I found within these ùoors :-all that is b:
antiful in 
nature, or elegant in art waH there, in the highest perfection aud 
almndance. The viealth, as well in jewels as in gold, was increèi.hle. 
This immense display of everything valuable and curious was so 
extensive, that nine-anel-thirty da,ys were passed by the time I had 
explored the ninety-niue apartments I was allowed to yisit. 
" The sight of such profusion of wealth which I considered as 
my own, elated me ùeyond measure; aud the near return of my 
aùmirahle princesses dissolved me in tenderness. One ùay only 
remained, and one door, the fatal ùoor, alone was unopened. :My 
weak curiosity was ungovCl'nahle. I yielded to the temptation. I 
opened that door. A smell that was pleasant enough, though too 
powerful for me, OVel'Càllle me, and I f..tÍlltcù away. 1Vhen I re- 
('overed, instead of taking warning and 'witbdrawing
 I went in. The 

cent remained, but no longer affected me. Among many objects 
that enga.gpd my attplltion, 1 saw a fine horse, superLlycaparisoned; 
I took him by the bridle and led him forth into the court; I got upon 
his lJack and would have rode him, but he not stirring, I whipped 
him. lIe no sooner felt the stroke than he began to neigh in an. 
unusual and horrible manner; and extending wings which I had 
not ohserved, he flew up with me into the air. I had presence of 
mind to Bit fil,st. After awhile he flew down again toward the 
earth, and lighting upon the terrace of a castle, without giving me 
time to dismount, he I'hook me out of the saddle, and having; with 
the end of his tail struck out my right eye, he flew again out of my 
8ight. - 
" I got up mnch trouì)led with the misfortune I had brought uI)()n 
myself; I found the castle was the same from which the roc had car- 
ried nw, and presently met the ten gelltleIlH\n, who ,yore not at all 
surprised to see me, as everyone of them bad passed through tho 
EaIlle a(henture. .1\ fter c01ll1oling \vith Ill(', and lamellting that it 
was not permittcd thcm to add me to their Humber, they ùirected 
me to seck the court of Bagdad, \yhere I would meet him that 
would decide my destiny. Accordingly I put on this dre
s, and 
d.rriyt'd h('re this evening." 



EXTERT.UX':'lENT.." 


.13 


The third calendar having fini8hell his history, a dead silence 
pervaèed the company. At length Zoùeide addressing the calcn- 
dars said, " your adventures, prince::;, are indeed as t5ingular as they 
are diõtre!:ising; anù I am very sorry it i::; impossible, after w11atha8 
happened, that we should permit you to remain any longer within 
our walls; but we have also reason
 for our conduct. Depart in 
peace; and in proof of our respcct, take with you, in safety, these 
men your companions in indiscretion; who, but for Jour sakos, 
should have learnt that we are not to Le insulted with impunity." 
At these words the three ladies withdrew, without permitting 
any answer; and the slaves conducting the caliph and his com- 
panions, the calendars, and the porter, to the gate, civilly dismissed 
them. Haroun felt esteem and pity for the unfortunate princes. 
\Vithout discovering himself, he offered hi
 service::; to aCCOlllmo- 
date them fOl' the rest of the night, which being thankfully ac- 
cepted, he committed them to the care of ,Mofrour, and retul'ned 
with Giafar to his palace. 
In the morning the calendars were introduced to the caliph, and 
G iafar was dil'patched to acquaint the ladies that the commander 
of the faithful desired to see, thenl immediately. They accord- 
ingly attended him; and found the caliph seated on his throne, and 
the three calendars placed on his right hand. The ladies haying 
paid th'Jir Lomage to the caliph, that prince addrel'sed them with 
groat benignity, and told them he had been one of their guests the 
preceding night. The ladies were cm'ered with confusion; but 
the caliph praif'ed their moderation, after the incivility they had 
received. "1 was then," said he, "a merchant of 
Iaussol, :md 
deserved your re15eutment; Lut I trust JOu will not refuse to the 
caliph the satisfaction you at. that time S0 properly withheld. Be 
plca
ed, thCl'efore, to relate the reason of your whipping, and after- 
warù weel,ing oycr the two bitches; and why one of you has her 
brea
ts so disfigured." 
Zobeide obpyed the caliph thus :- 


THE HISTORY OF ZOBEIDE. 
Commander of the faithful, my fath0r was a merchant of tIm', 
city, who, dying some ycars ago, left his f()rtnne t i ) be divided 
hetween his fixe daughters, of whom myself and the tWO -Litchmf' 
!Lre hy one mother, and these ladiC's hy another. 
Amine and Safie, being yet children, continued with their moth... 



54 


AHABI.AN 
IGIIT8' 


cr. l\Iy two elder sisters and I lh-e
l together in great h
ul1h 'ny. 
After some time they both married; being left alone, I em.. 
ployed myself for amusement in rearing silk..worm8, and became 
t;O successful in my management of them, that I found them no\ 
only entertaining, but exceedingly profitable. 
In less than a year's time, each of my sis tel'S l'eturned to me in 
great distress; their husbands having squandered away all their 
substance, had left them to Rhift for themselves. I received thClll 
with kinùuess, and cheerfully sha
ed with them the money I ha.d 
gained by my silk. As I had experienced the advantage of traffic, 
I projected a voyage; I bought a ship at Balsora, and freighted 
it; my sil:!ters chose to go with me, anci we set sail with a fair 
wind. 
Some weeks after, we cast anchor in a harbor that presented 
itself, with intent to water the ship. As I was tired with having 
been so long on board, I landed with the first boat, and walked np 
into tbe country. I soon came iu sight of a great town. 'Yhen I 
arrived ther(', I was much surprised to see vast numbers of peol'le 
in different posture8, but all immovahle. The merchants were in 
their shops, the soldiery on guard; every oue seemed engaged in 
his proper avocation, yet all were become as stone. At the royal 
palace I found many people richly drcssed, in various apartmcnts ; 
it was easy to distinguish the king and queen by the splendor of 
their jewels, and their crowns of gold. But the same fate had 
overtaken them which had befallen the common people; the king, 
the queen, and their train of courtiers, being all petrified. 
Kight drawing on, I lay down on a couch. Early in the morn- 
ing, I hcard the voice of a man reading the Alcoran, in tbe same 
tone it is read in our mosques. I arose immediately, and follow- 
ing the voice, I fonnd it came from an oratory, 'which had, as usual, 
a niche, that showed where we must turn to say our praycrs. A 
comely young man was sitting on a carpet reading the AlcOl'au 
with great devotion. Being curious to know why he was the only 
living creature in the town, I entered the oratory, and stunding 
upright before the niche, praised God aloud for having favorcd us 
with so happy a. voyage. 
The young man closed his Al
oran, and coming to me, deRired 
to know whence I came. I acquainted him; on which he proceed.. 
ed to tell me that the city was the metropolis of a kingdom gov. 
erned l-Jy his father; that the king and all his subjects were magi, 



E
TERTAIX)IE
TS. 


5.) 


worshippers of fire, and of K ardoun, the ancient king ..)f the 
giants. who rebelled against God: "Though I was born," continued 
he, "of idolatrous parents
 it was my good fortune to have a 
woman-governess, who was a strict observer of the l\Iohammedan 
religion. She taught me Arabic from the AlcOl'an; by her I was 
instructed in the true religion, which I would never a.fterward re- 
nounce. 
"
\bout three year
 ago, a thunderil1g voice was beard distinctly 
through the whole city, sa.ying, 'Inhabitant:'\, abanùnll the worship 
of Nardoun and of fire, and worship the only God who showeth 
mercy!' This voice was heard three years succpssively, but no 
one regarded it. .At the end of the last year, all the inhabitants 
'Were in an instant changed into stone, everyone in the posture he 
happened to be tben in. I alone was preserved; and I flatter my- 
self, madam, that you are sent bere to deliver me from a solitary 
life, which I must o,,,,n is very irksome to me." 
I readily agreed to take him to Bagdad. I even ventured to 
promise him nn introduction to your majesty, the great vicegerent 
of the prophet, whose disciple he was. I conducted him to the 
vessel, which we loaded deeply with gold, jewels, and money; and 
It .tving recruited our water, we set sail homeward. 
The young prince proved the most amiable and agreeable of 
men.. He solicited me very earnestly to become hif! wife, which I 
l)TQrnised on our arrival here. But my Risters had each become 
enamored with him: this declaration of his l'educed them to de- 
Bpair. Envy and jealousy took possession of their breasts, and in 
the night they threw us both overboard. 
The prince was drowned: I had the good fortlme to escape, and 
by morning was driyen on shore on an uninhabited island. I dricd 
my clothes, and went in scarch of some fruits to support me, when 
I saw a winged serpent, which waR scized by a larger serpent; 
who endcavored to dm-our it. ,l\Ioved by compassion, I had the 
courage to take up a stone and fling it at the great serpent, which 
I hit on the head and killed; the other, finding itself at liberty, 
took wing and flew away. 
In a short time after, a black woman, of good figure, came to- 
ward me leading two Litches. " I am/, said she, "the serpent, 
'Thorn you so lately delivered from my mortal enemy; in return 
for that seryice
 with the assi::;tance of other fairiefì, my companions, 
I have already conveyed the valuable lading of your vcssel to 



56 


ARABIAI\ 
IGIITS' 


your storehouses in Bagdad; aud to puni
h the cruelt) J,nd in 
p;ratitude of your sisters, I have transformed them into these two 
bitches." Haying said this, she took them under one arm and 
me under the other, and in an instant set llS down in my house. 
Before shc left me, she said: "If JOu would not share the fate 
of your vácked sisters, I command you in the name of bim who 
governs the sea, that you every night give each of them a hun- 
dreù lashes with a rod." I am oLliged to obey this severe order, 
but my resentment having long Bince subsided, your lllajesty saw 
with what reluctance I comply with it. , 
Zobeiùe having finished her story, Amine rose to satisfy the in- 
quiries of the Caliph. 


HISTOR Y OF AMINE. 
Commander of the faithful, said Amine, my life, till lately, 
.lontained no extraordinary event. I married early; and on the 
death of my husband, which happened very soon after, I found 
myself 'Very wealthy, and determined to continue independent. 
But one day, 3S I ,\"as engaged in my affairs, a venerable lady, 
whom I had noticed at the public 1)aths, came to my house to re- 
quest a favor of me. "My daughter," said she, " is to be married 
to-day. The family of the bridegroom is numerous and respect- 
ahl
; but alas! we are strangers ill Bagdad. V ouchsafe, then, 
d('ar lady, to be present at the wedding. The ladies of your city 
will not despise us when they see one of your quality do us so 
much honor." 
I readily consented, and she conducted mc to a handsome house, 
where I was received by a young lady, whom I fmpp0sed to be 
the bride. After a few complimentR, she saia: "y ou 
.re invited 
lwre, madam, to assist at a wedding; but I hope you wi
l he more 
nearly concerncd in one. :\ly brother
 who i<õ: rich, 110nora,1)le, and 
hanch;ome, has falLen in love with the fame of your beauty, and 
will he miserahle if yon do not take pity on him!" After saying 
this, Rhe clapped her hands, and a young man entered, whose 
graceftll c:t.,rriage and good figure strongly recommended him. K ot 
to be tNliouR to your majesty, I suff('red my
elf to he oyerc(Jme by 
tlwir ('ntr('aties, and IJCcallle myself a lJridc, where I thought of 
beir,g nuly a gn('
t,. 
l\Iy uew hnsband exa('ted a promise from me that .I WGuB not 
8peak co or lJC seen hy auy man hut himself. Soon aftm. our mar- 



ENT ERT .AIN
lE
TS. 


157 


riage, I had occasion for some stufis; and hat-ing asketi my hus- 
band's leave, I took the old lady I spoke of (who had been his 
nurse) and t.wo slaves to the 8hops to buy some. The old lady 
recommended me to a merchant, at whose shop we chose what 'Wo 
wanted. I had kept my veil close, and now <1esired the 01<1 wo. 
mnn to ask the price of them. The nwrchant told her he would 
not sell thenl for money, but if I would permit him to kiss my 
cheek, he would present me with them. I directed the nurse to 
leprehend him for his audacity; but instea<.l of obeying me, she 
remonstrated in his favor. As I was much pleased with t.be stuffs, 
which the merchant would not let me have on any other terms, I 
foolishly consented. 
The old woman and the slaves stooù up, that no one should see 
it; I put by my veil; but instead of a kiss, the merchant bit - me 
tin the blood came. 
The pain and the surprise were so great that I swooned away. 
The merchant took that opportunity to abscond; and when I re- 
covered, my servants with difficulty got me home. In the eye- 
ning my husband came to me, and seeing the wound in my cbeek, 
asked me the cause of it. I was confounded; yet not willing to 
own ihe truth, I 
aid, a porter, carrying a load, came so ne.ar me 
that one of his sticks cu
 my cheeks. l\Iy husband was in a rage. 
" To-morrow," said he, " I will give orders to the lieutenant of the 
police to seize all those brutes of porters and hang them." Fright- 
ened at this, I declared they WCl'e innocent. "How then came 
your cheek wounded 1" replied he sternly. ".A broom-seller," said 
I, "rode against me and pushed me down." "Indeed," replied the 
husband, " then to-morrow; the grand vizier shall have an account 
of this insolence, and shall cause all the broom-sellers to be put to 
death," "Ah!" said I, " they are not guilty." "How, madam;" rc- 
plied he, "what is all this 1 I insist on knowing the truth im- 
mediately." "Sir," said I, " I was taken with a giddiness and fell 
down, and that is the whole matter." 
" I have too long listened to your lies," exclaimed he; then clap 
pi1lg his hand!::!, three sla,yeR entered, whom he ordered to put me 
to death. As the slaves were in no hurry to execute his cruel or. 
del's, I had recour
e to entreaties and prayers, and the nurse joined. 
her supplications in my favor. At last he said to her, "For your 
sake I will spare her life; ùut think 
ot she shaH escape '\vith im. 
tlnnity." At these worfls he ordered two of his slaycs to hold m4?J 
3* 



59 


ARABIAN r\IGHTS 


while the thirù gave me so many blows on my sidtò and breabt 
wíth a little cane, that he fetched away the skill and flesh. I faint- 
cli under this severc di
cilJlille. "\Yhile I continued senseless, he 
caUlsed me to be conveyed to a poor habitation, where a strange 
shwe attended mc till I recovereù, and then left me. 
\Vhen I was able to walk, I resolved to go to my own house, 
but I found my husband, in his wrath, had cu,used it to be pulled 
dO'Wll. I determilH
d, therefore, to seek the protection of my 8is- 
tel' Zobeiùe, who received me with kindnebs, and with whom I 
ha-re lived contentedly ever since. 


'Vhen Amine had finished her narrative, the calil->h atiked Zo:.e- 
íde if she had allY metho(l of cOllul1unication ".ith the fairy. "I 
ha,-re, sir, a locket of hair," replied she, " vvhich the fairy left" ith 
me, telling me I should one day want her l'resence, and if I burn- 
ed that hair, she would not fail to atten<.lme, though she were be- 
yond the mount Caucasus." At the request of the caliph, Zobeide 
burned the hair; immediately the palace began to shake, and in a 
short time the fairy appeared before the caliph, in the shape of a 
lady richly drl:ssed. 
" Handsome fairy," said the prince to her, " I have wished to see 
you, to entreat you will release the two bitches from their present 
situatiùn. I must also beg you ,,,ill discover to me if you can, who 
was that Larbarous fellow who hath treated this lad,y with so much 
cruelty and injustice. I only wonder how such da.ring acts could 
be committed in defiance of my authority, and remain unknown 
to me." 
The fairy readily consented; and the two bitches being proehl- 
('ed, she took a glass of watm., and pronouncing certain word
, she 
threw a part of it upon them, and the rest upon Amine. Immcdi- 
ately they became two beautiful women; and the scars in ,Amine's 
lJoAom soon disappeared. The fairy theu said, ,; Commander of the 
fa.ithful, the ullknown husband of this la.dy is Prince .Amin, your 
elde
t son. She had been imprudent; and her excuses tClHit'd 
l'nther to excite Euspicions of her having been yet more faulty; 
he is not therefore without excuse. But now he has accidentally 
heard the whole truth, he will no doubt receive her again to his 
heart." At these words, the fairy saluted the caliph and dis- 
appeared. 
Prince .Amill came forward, and joyfnlly accepted Amine frùIll 



KXTERT A IN1\lENTS. 


5f> 


the hands of his fatlJer. After which, the caliph invited Zoboiùe 
to 61w.re the throne of Persia with him, and bestowed her other 
three si8ters on the three calendars, whom he admitted to his coun- 
sels. and promoted to the l,ighcst dignities of his empire. 


THE SEVEN YO\'" ,,\GES OF 8INDBAD THE SAILOR. 


1'11ere liyeù formerly at Bagdad a poor porter called IIiudbad. 
One day when the w2ntlw1' wa
 excessively hot, he was employed 
LO carry a very heuyy },m deu: he weut through a street where 
the pavement WëlS 
prinkled with rosewater, and there being a 
pleasant breeze, he laid down his burden by the side of a great 
house, to rest hirns('lf. lIe eujoJcd the agreeable sIllell of the per- 
fume
, he heard the sounù of mallY instruments playing in concert, 
and saw a grand feast about to be served up. As he seldom passed 
that way he ,knew not whose house it wa.!;; but asking, was told 
that it belonged to Sindbad the Bailor. 
1Yhile IIiudJmd thought thi!; handsome huilding belonged to 
some pr illce, he wa.s not disturbed; lJut hearing it was the property 
of a. person ,\"hom he 
upl'o!::;ed had heen of his own degree, envy 
took possession of his br('aDt. He retul'Jled sullenly to his load, 
and murmurcd against Providence, who ha.d given to the happy 
bindbad. 3, life of ease and luxury, while to him was allotted fatigue' 
and poverty, \Yhilc he was expresF'ing reflections like these aloud, 
two of the servants camc to him and de8Ïred hiln to follow them, as 
their master, Sindhad, wanted to speak with him. 
IIindbad diel not very ,villingly obey them; lmt as resistance 
was in vain, he suffered himself to be led by them into a great hall, 
where there wa
 a numerous company at dinner. At the upper 
end of the table therc sat a comely, veneraJJle gentleman, with a 
long white bearù: this grt"we gentleman was Sindbad. The porter 
being introduced to him, Sindbad caused him to sit down at his 
l'ight hand, and served him him
elf with excell('nt wine and the 
lhoicest dainties. 
\\TIH'1l dinner was over, Sillùband began to COllverse with the porter; 
and c
lJing him brother, after the manner of tbe Arabians, 'wheu 
they are familiar with One another, he asked him what it was he 
had Faid awhile ago in the sh'eet 1-for Sindbad had chanced to 
,werhear his murmurings. The porter, surprised at the question, 
hung down his head, and replierl, " I confef\8, sir, my wearincRs put 
me ont of humor, and T ntter('d some indi
creet word;;:, which J 



GO 


ARABIAN XI(aITS' 


humbly reque8t you to pardon." "I did not !5cnd for JOu," replil
<.1 
Sindband, "in anger; but as I find you murmur at my having obi 
tained the affluence I enjoy, that you may not continue to offend 
Goù by envy and discontent, I will relate to you the adve'!ÜureH 
which have ,gained me all this wealth, and I am inclined to think 
you would rather continue in your safe and easy poverty, than be 
exposed to the dangers I have gone through, though they have 80 
greatly enriched me." 


SINDBAD's FIRST VOYAGE. 
l\ly fi.tther left me a decent fortune, which I, like many incon- 
siderate young men, greatly diminished. Recollecting myself in 
time
 I engaged in traffic; and joining with several other merchants, 
we freighted a vessel, and set out on a trading voyage. One day, 
while we were under sail, we were. becalmed close to a little island, 
almost even with the surfitce of the 'water, which resembled a green 
meadow. The captain ordered the sails to be furled, and permitted 
those who chose it, to go on shore; of whom I was one. 
"\Ve had not long landed, when, on a sudden, the island trem- 
bled, and shook us terribly. The people on board saw our situa- 
tion, aud called out to us to re-embark directly, as what we had 
taken for an island, was only the back of a prodigious fish. The 
nimblest of us got into the sloop, others jumped into the sea, and 
swam toward the vessel. For my part, I was still on the back of 
the flsp when it dived into the sea. I got hold of a piece of tim- 
ber which we had brought to make a fire with, and by this assist- 
a nce was preserved from sinking, but found it impossible to recover 
the ship. 
I continued in this situation till the next day, when I made land, 
much fatigued. As I advanced from the shore, I saw a vcry fine 
mare feeding; I went toward her, when sundry voices called out 
to me, which seemed to come from under the ground. Looking 
around, I saw a hollow sunk in the earth; in which were several 
men, who received me with great kindness, and gave me every 
necessary refreshment. They were grooms to King; l\Iihrage. 
Every year at that season they brought thither thc king's mares, 
and fastened them one by one to a stake, till they were coyereù 
by a horse that came out of the sea, and who, after having done so, 
endeavored to destroy the mare, but was prevented and driven 
nway by the shouting of the grooms. The foals, 80 procured, 
proving ycry excellent, were preserved for the king's use onl)" 





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E
TEl{TAIN)l.EXTS. 


61 


Had I veen a day later, I must have perit;hed; for the islal'\d 
was very barren, and they had 80 nearly finished their business 
for that yea.r, that they set out on their return the next morning. 
On our arriva
 they pre
ented me to the king, who, haying hèard 
my story, ordered mc to be supplied with eyerythillg I stood in 
need of. 
There belongs tn this king an island named Cassel; they assured 
me that every night a noise of drums was heard there; whence 
the mariners fancy it is the residence of Degial.* I had a desire 
to see this wonderful place, and in my way thither, saw fishes of 
a hundred and two hundred cubit3 long; far from heing dan- 
gerous, they fly from the least noise. I sa.w also other fishes about 
a cubit long, which had heads like owls. 
As I was one day at the port, after my return, I cast my e.ye on 
some bales that were unloaded from a ve
sel newly arrived, and 
presently I knew them to be mine. I sought the captain whom I 
instantly remembered; but it wa.s some time before I could per- 
suade him that I was Sindbad, so confident was he that he had seen 
me perish. 'Vhen be was convinced, he reEtored me my cargo, 
which, through the favor of the king, I sold to very great advan- 
tage. I loaded my Pal't of the vessel with the best produce of the 
country; and had a safe and speedy passage home, where I dis- 
posed of my merchandise to the value of ten thousand sequins.t 
I then bought slaves of both séxes, built me a fine house, resolving 
to forget the misel'Íes I had suffered, and enjoy myself. 
Silldbad stopped here} and ordered the musicians to renew the 
concert. In the evening he gave the porter a purse of a hundred 
sequins, and bid him come t.he next day to hear more of his adyen- 
hIres. HindLad returned home to his family blessing God for 
w hat he had receh-ed at the hands of SindLad. 


SI:ND:BAD'S SECOND VO\:. AG E. 
I had no intention of venturing t.he sea again; but I 
oon grew 
weary, and ashamed of an inactive life. I embarked therefore with 


"" Deg:al, with the )lohammedalls, is the 
ame <1,-': Antichrist with us. They hay", 
a trd.dition that he will appear about the end of the world, and conquEor all the 
earth. Ctcept Mecca, 
ledina, Tar
us. and Jerusalem, which are to be pre!>ened bI 
ang\ols. whom he s1ull het round them. 
t Tbe TUl"ki
h sequin iRabout two dollars, 



ô2 


A nABIAN :
an-llTS' 


some other n1t-
rchaut
, and having been at spa, 
ome time, VI e catn
 
to an uninhabited island; we lau(led and dined very heartily. 
Finding myself di:5posed to sleep, I withdrew from the company 
and la.id myself down in a charming grove. How long 1 slept I 
know not; but when I awoke I pm.ceived the ship under sail, at 
such a distance that I soon lost sight of her. 
1\Iy surprise and grief were inexpressible: l)ut rememberiI\g it 
was of 110 use to afflict one's seif when an evil is unavoidable, I 
resoh-cd to suppress my unavailing sorrow. I climbed up to the 
top of a great tree, that hy an extcIlsh-e prospect I might better 
judge of my Hituation. I saw at no great dititallce a large whitrl 
body; when I approached it, I f(mnù it so very slllouth, that it was 
impossible to climb it. It was fifty paces round, and of a pro- 
digious height. '\Vhile I was examining this phenomenon, the I'3ky 
on a sudden became ditrk, and looking up I saw a bird of a mon- 
strous size preparing to settle. 1 now knew that the bird wa::5 a 
roc, and the smooth white sulJstancc ,'\'as its egg. 
The bird alighted, and sat oyer the egg to hatch it. As I per- 
ceived her coming, I crevt dose to the egg, tiO that I bad before 
me one of the legs of the lJird, which was as hi
 as the trunk of 
a tree. I tied myself strongly to it with the cloth that went round 
my turban
 iil hopes that ,,'he'll the roc* flew away, she would carry 
me to some place whcre I Hhouhl finO. illimbitants. Accordingly, 
the next lllÜl'uing, when she took wing, she raised me with her, . 
and when she alighted, I quickly untied the knot, which I had 
scarce done, when she flew away again, taking in her hill a ser- 
l-lel1t of monstrous length. 
The place whpre I was left was a deep yalley, surrounded on all 
sides with precipices 80 stepp tbat it was illlpo
sihie to climb tlH'lll. 
I soon füund that I was no way henpfÎted by the exchange. ,.::\,:i 
I walked along, I ppl'ceiyed the grounù wad strewed with dia- 
monds; I examincd thcm with lUuch pleasure, hut pre::;ently sa;w 
objects which at once put an end to all my agreeable ideas, and terri- 
ficd me exceedingly. These were a. number of serpents, each ca}Jable 
of swallowing an elephant. They had now retired to their dens, 
to avoid their cnemy the roc; hut I had no doubt I should hu\e 
t9yerything to fear from them at uight. 


. 
1:Lrk Paul, in his Tr:wels, and Father 1\1artlDl in his Histor) of China. "pe;tk 
of this I:ird: auù ,.ay it will tal{c "p an cl"'phdnt or a l'hir:oct.'ros. 



E
TEHT A IN:\lE::\TS. 


68 


I immediately sought a secure retreat, and waR so lucky as to 
bn({ one. In the- evening. as I expected, all the serpents left their 
Jells: and came hissing about my }'etreat. Though they could 
not. hurt me, they put n
e into such extreme fear tlw,t I coulll Hot 
bleep. \Yhen the ùa.y came, the serpents retired, and I came out 
Hf my cave trembling; and I can truly Bay that, I walked a long 
limo upon dialllolld
, without ha\ iug the least inclination to touch 
them; at la::!t, spent with fatigue and want of rest, I was obligeù to 
lay down to sleep; but ha,d scarco shut my eyes when I 'was 
n.wakened by a great piece of fresh meat falling c1o
e to me; a.t 
the H:une time I saw others fall from the rocks in different places. 
This circumstance gave me immediate hope of escape. I had 
alwa,yd considered as fabulous the stOl'ies told of the valley of 
diamonds, anù of ..he 8tratagems used by merchants to get jewehj 
thelice; but now I found them true. This valley, from tue height, 
aHd from the rocks which bound it, being utterly inacce8silJle to 
man, the ad, enturers come as near as may be at the ti ne eagles 
batch their young, and Ly the help of machine
, throw very large 
f)ier-es of raw flesh high into the air; these falling upon the ùia- 
monds, their sharp points enter the flc
h, and they stick to it; the 
eagles v.hich are larger here tha.n in allY other country, convey 
thc
e pieces of meat to their llel:its, to feed their young; 'Lut the 
merchants frighten 
"ay the old birù, till they have examined the 
prey, and take a.way the diamond
 which may chance to stick to it. 
I now no longer doubted the truth of this account. I began 
therefore very deliberately to select the largest and clearest dia- 
monds I could find; and hasing fined my provision bag with them, 
and secured it to my girdle, I took a rJiece of meat and tying it to 
my Lack, I laid down with my face to the ground. In a short 
time one of the eagles seized me and conveyed rue to hi
 nest. 
As Boon as the eagle had dep08ited me, the merchants as usual, 
drove him away. Every merchant had his distinct nest wlúch was 
considereù as his peculiar property. 1Yhen the owner of the nest 
,yh('re I was ascended to it and saw me; he was at first much 
frightened; but recovering himself, he begHn to upbraid me with 
his disappointment; he helped me, notwithstanding, to descend, 
anù introduced me to the other merchants, who heard my story 
with amaz
ment. - 
'Vhen the season for throwing the meat was over, we all pre. 
pared to return to our several countries. Before we parted, I 



64 


AR_UU.\N :KIGHT:;' 


took aside the merchant in who
e llest I was found; and silcwe
 
him the bag of diamonds I had selected in the valley. I told him 
I cònsidered him as my deliverer, and fran
ly offered to share 
them with him. He was astonished at their size and beauty; but 
I could only prevail with him to accept of one, and that one of 
the smallest, which he said would raise him as great a fortune as 
he wished for. 'Ve parted perfectly sath;fìed with each other, and 
1 returned by the first ship to Bagda,d. 
1Ve touched at the isle of Hoha, where the trees grow that yiela 
camphor. These trees are so large, that a hundred men may 
easily sit under the shade of one of them. They bore a hole in 
the upper part of the tree, whence issues a juice which, being re- 
ceiyed into a ,,-essel, acquir.es a consistency, and becomes what we 
ca.ll camphor; after which the tree ,vithers and dies. 
There is in this island the rhinoceros, a creature less than the 
elephant, but greater than the buffalo. It has a horn upon its 
nose about a cubit long; wh
ch is solid. 
nd cleft in the middle; 
there are upon it draughts representing the figures of nlen. The 
rhinoceros fights with the elephant, runs his horn into his belly, 
and carrie
 him ofl' upon his head; but the blood and fat of the 
elephant run into his eyes; and make him blind. He falls to the 
ground, and what is very astonishing, the roc carries them both 
away in her claws, to be meat for her youn
 ones. 
On my arrinLI at Bagdad, I gave large sums to the poor, alHl 
lh-ed honorably on the yast riches I had acquired with so much 
danger and fatigue. 
Silldhad gave the porter another purse of a hundred sequins, and 
invited him to return the next day. 


SINDBAD'S THIRD VOYAGE. 
I soon forgot the risk I had run in my two former ,yoyages, and 
hating idleness, projected a third. I embarked accordingly, and 
after some days' favorable weather, we were overtaken by a tem- 
pest, which drove us quite out of our course. Our vcssel being 
much sbattm'ed, we were glad to make the first port to repair our 
damages. 
"\Ve ha.d scarce begun this necessary business, when we w
re 
beset in a very extraordinary manner. An iñnumerab1e multi- 
tude of little frightful savages covered all over with r
d bail', 
c:nne swimming ahuut us. They were not wore thfin two ff'ct 



EXTERT A ÐOIEXTS. 


65 


high, but f:.cemed uncommonly strong and niml}le. Their 1m. 
m.ense number and horrible appearallce so terrified us, that we 
suffered them to board and take POf:.spssion of the vessel without 
resistance. Th is was a lucky circumstance for us; for there was 
no hope of escaping, and we learned afterward, that if we had 
killed one of them they would have put us all to death. 
Having taken p08se
sion of 
he vessel, they set us on shore, 
and made sign8 that we might go where we ple
sed. After which 
they returned on board, and sailed to another island to which 
they belonged. 'Ve marched together into the country, and had 
not advanced far, when we came to a great pile of builùings 
which we entered. ',e found the door:5 and rooms uncommonly 
lufty; but OlIr attention was soon engaged by an appear an co 
crlually shocking and alarming. On entering a vast apartment, 
we found various fragments of buman Lodies, and a parcel of spits 
on which they had evidently been roasted. Though we wel'e 
much t
ttigued, we were about to retire hastily from a habitation 
which threatened us so dreadfully, when all power of escape was 
taken from us, by the presence of the owner of the mansioll. 
He was a tremendous black giant, as high as a tall palm-tree, 
with only one eye in the middle of his forehead, which looked as 
red as a burning coal; his teeth and nails were long and sharp, 
and his mouth resembled that of a horse. The sight of so fright- 
ful a figure rendered U8 immovable with horror. .After sun-eying 
us for some time, he took me up by the nape of the neck, and felt 
my body as a butcl}cr would his Rheep. Finding lll
 very thin, he 
set me down allù took up another; at last, la.ying hands on our 
captain, who was fat, he thrust a long spit through him, and 
kindling a fire; be roasted and ate him. After which he retired 
to an adjoining room, where he slept, and snored all night like 
thunder. In the morning he got up, went out, and left us in his 
dwelling. 
Our distreðs may ea
ily be imagined. For some time we aban- 
doned oursehes to despair. Rut finding we were not confined, we 
divided ourselves into slllall parties, and sought various hiding- 
places, where ,ye yainly hopeù to continue in safety. In the eY
 
ning, the giant found out all our retreats, and collecting us to- 
gether, drove us before him into his ha.bitation, where another of 
our companions fell a sacrifice to his voracious appetite; after 
which he retired, and slept as before. 



66 


ARA
IAN NIGH'l'S' 


Tho npxt day we renewed our lamentations, and !Some of the 
compa.ny began tr talk of throwing themselves into the sea, rath- 
er t.han die so strange a death. I reminded them that we were 
for
)idden to destroy ourselves. That as there was a great deal of 
timber floating on the coast, we might make small floats to carry 
us to sea; and though the risk would be great, yet our present 
situation was still more desperate. 'Ve set about them imme- 
diately; but just as they were finished, the night approachea. 
The giant again conducted us to his cayern, and repeated his 
cruelty. 
1Yhile we were busy in preparing our floats, I proposed a scheme 
to my companions to revenge ourselves of this monster, in case 
we were obliged, as I feared we should be, to pass another night 
in his power. Accordingly, when we heard him sHore, ten of the 
boldest of us took each a spit, and making the points red hot in 
the embers of the fire where he had roasted our friends, we thrust 
them all at once into his eye; and blinded him. He awoke in 
great agonies, and making a frightful outcry, he felt about, in 
hopes of sacrificing us to his fury: but we took care to be out of 
his reach; and finding he sought for us in yain, he groped for the 
gate, and went out howling dreadfully. 
We hastened to the sea-side, and got our floats into the water; 
but as it was yet night, we agreed not to put to S63. till daybreak. 
'Ve were not without hope that our enemy, whose howling we stH\ 
heard, might die; ill which case we need not risk our lives upon 
the floats, but. stay till a better conveyance might be made. Day 
bad scarcely appeared, when we found it necessary to put to sea 
with all possible haste; for we saw the blinded giant coming to- 
ward us, led by two others of his own species, as large and tel"l.ible 
as himself. 
1Ve rowed off immediately; and having got a little wJ,y from 
shore began to congratulate each other on our escape. But we 
were deceived; for as soon as the giants saw us, they ran to the 
adjacent rocks, and tearing away huge masses of stone, they threw 
them after us, and destroyed every float, except the one on which 
I was with two others. )Ye were so f
rtunate as to get out of 
their reach, and we thought ourselves more so, when. the next 
day, we made an island, abounding with excellent fruit, which 
greatly refreshed us. 
But alas! another danger awaited us, no less fatal and horrid 



E
TERr AIX.MENTS. 


67 


than that which we had fled from. As night approached, we took 
refuge in a cavern we had discovered, and fell asleep; but were 
soon awakened by the approach of a prodigious serpent, who seiz- 
ing one of my companions, notwithstanding his utmost efforts, 
crush\3d his bones to pieces and swallowed him up before us : after 
which the monster retired, leaving us unhurt, but terrified be- 
yond expression. 
The day following we passed in fruitless endeavors to escape 
from this new distress. But the tide having driven our float among 
some concealed rocks, we had not strength to disengage it.; and 
were obliged, by the approach of night, to Reek shelte:p on land. 
To avoid the sel pent, we sought out a very high tree, 'which we 
climbed almost to the top. In a short time the tremendous mon- 
ster appeared, hissing hOl'ribly. He came immediately to our tree, 
and winding himself round the trunk, he uscended with much 
ease till he reached my companion, who fell an unresisting sacrifice 
to his voracity. 
I remained for this time in safety, the serpent retiring when he 
had devoured my comrade. In the morning I descended from the 
tree, and passed the day in a state of stupefying horror. 1'oward 
evening I began to recollect my situation. I gathered together a 
large quantity of drp fagot-wood, with which I formed a circle 
round the tree. The serpent came at the usual hour, but was pre. 
vented by the rampart I had made from approaching me. He con. 
tinued attempting to force his way till day appeared, when he 
retired. 
Though I had reason to be satisfied with my escape, yet the to,r- 
ror of my situation, and even teyond tha.t, the poisonous breath 
of the serpent, had made the night inexprestlibly terrible. Rather 
than pass such another, I determined if I could not remove the 
float, to tear off a single pla.nk and put to sea upon it. I went 
down to the shore to execute this purpose; when I saw a ship at a 
considerable distance. I presently loosed my turban, and disp]ay- 
ing the linen, made signal of distress. Fortunately the captain 
verceived me, and sending a boat for 11le brought me safely on 
Loard. 

ly joy at this deliverance could on],.y be equalled by the benev- 
olence of the captain and merchants, who heard my story with 
wonder, and relieved my necessities with great liberality. The 
abip was of Balsora, but first bound on a trading voyage to Sal
 



68 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


bat; I had reason, therefore, to hope I should soon reach my 
native country, thuugh not with my usual increase of furtune. In 
this last expectation I was agreeably disappointed; for on opening 
the cargo when we arrived at.Salabat, the captain, who was IJecome 
much attached to me, proposed that I should .uudertake the man- 
agement of a part of the cargo which had belonged to a merchant 
who had sailed on board, but was dead. On receiving the bales 
into my possession I found they were entered in my own name, 
and that I was actually on board the same vessel in which I had 
Bailed on my second voyage. 
The captain soon remembered me, and restored very reaùily all 
my goods, which he had greatly improved. Thus I became uncx- 
pectedly enricheù by this voyage. I ùistributedlal'gely of my gainfl 
to my fl'Íelldti and the poor, and had euough to buy anuther con- 
siderable estate. TO-lllorrow (continued Sind Lad, presenting the 
porter with another purse) come and hear IllY next a.ùventure. 


SINDBAD's FOURTH VOYAGE. 
Industry was now become habitua.l to me; I soon fitted out 
another vessel, and again set sail. After several weeks of fine 
weather, a furious tempest drove our vessel on a strange shore. 
The cargo and most of the crew were lm.;t, and those who escaped 
were in the utmost distress. 
N ext morning the natives of the country, who were blacks, came 
down upon us in a body, and seizing us, ùrove U5 before them a long 
way up the country. 9n our arriving at their town, they gave us 
an herb, which they made signs for us to eat. ,My companions, 
pressed by hunger, readily oLeyed; but I, perceiving they them- 
selves ate none of it, fLn!l expecting no good from such inhospitable 
hands, concealed what they gave me, and only pretended to pat it. 
They now Bet us at liberty, and gave us plenty of rice and other 
provisions, of which they themselves also partook. "\Vhile I was 
at a loss to account for their behavior, I found, on addressing my- 
self to my companions, tlut everyone of them had lost his under- 
standing; 80 baneful was the effect of the herb they hall first 
eaten. 
Our masters perceived nO"difference between me and my COIn. 
rades. Thev gave us great abundance of food, of which my un. 
fortunate shipmates 
e greedily, and soon became fa.t. Then \Va.s 
the mystery ?f our fate made plain. The blacks were caulliLals , 



ENTERT AI
 :\lE:KT5. 


69 


and having first deprived us all, as they supposed, of ocr rl
aS\)D, 
they fatted us up as delicacies for their inhuman feasts. ,1\1y com- 
panions soon fell victims to their cruelty. But for me, partly from 
the horrol" of my :situation, and partly from my own care in ea.ting 
no more than was nece8sary to preserve life, I grew every day 
leaner. The blacks, therefore, put off my destiny to a future 
time. 
The barbarians, not doubting but I was ùert"ft of understanding, 
allowed me a great deal of liberty; one day" on some particula,r 
occasion, all the inhabitants went out of town -4ogether, except a 
.few feeble old people of whom I was in no fear. I instantly seized 
the lucky moment to escape, and disregarding the outcries of those 
who rmuained in the town, I set off with all possible speed, and 
gained some neighboring woods, which afforded me fooù alid 
shelter. 
I travelled many days, avoiding with great care any place which 
seemed to be iuhabited. At length I came near to the sea, and saw 
some white people gathering pepper, which I took for a good 
omen. I weut among them without scruple, and was overjoyed to 
hear them speak Arabic. 
These people received me kindly, and when they had laden their 
ships with pepper, they took me with them to their own country 
, 
and introduced me to their king. 1 was so well treated by my new 
protectors, that I soon recovered my health and spirits. I became 
a favorite with the king, and a trivial matter greatly increased my 
influence with him. I observed that the prince and all his courtiers 
rode their horses without saddle, bridle, or 
tirrups. I fóund work. 
men, and giving them proper models, I caused all those articles to 
be made, and presented them to the king, who was highly pleased 
with them. I made others for all the principal courtiers, and in- 
troduced several other mechanical arts which were familiar to me, 
but entirely unknown in that country. 
By these means I conciliated the favor both of the prince a,nd 
the people. The king not only made me very considerable pres- 
ents, but being desirous that I should settle in his country, he 
gM'e me for a wife one of the richest and most beautiful ladies of 
his court. I durst not oppose the royal pleasure; I received the 
lady, therefore, with seeming joy, and lived with her in much har.. 
mony. But I could not forget my native country, nor suppress 
 
wish to make mJ escape and return thither. 



70 


ARABIAN NIGHTS 


"\Vhile these thoughts took up mueh of my attention, the wife f)f 
a neighLor with whom I had become intimate, died. I went to 
comfort my friend, aud saluting him iu the usual maImer, I wished 
Lim a long life. "Alas!" said he, " I lutYe not an hour to live; I 
must be buried prcsently with my wife. Do ye,n not knows" cun- 
tinued he, " that it is the la.w of this couutry, a law on no account 
eyer violated, that the living husband is iuterred with the dead 
wife; and the living wife with the dead husband 1" 
)\-hile he was talking thus with me, his kindred, friends, and 
neighbors, came to.,assist at the funeral. They ùreb8ed the deceased 
in her ga.re6t apparel, and ornamented her with all her jewels, and 
lla'\ing; placed her in an opcn coffin they began their march to the 
l)1ace uf burial, the husband walking at the he:1d of the company' 
They went up a high mountain, and near the summit of it they 
came to a large stone which covered the nlOuth of a very deep pit. 
Having raised the stone, they let down the corpse j the husband 
theu el1lvloyed his friends, and suffered himself to Le placed in an- 
other open coffin, with a l)itcher of water a.nd Be
Ten little loavef', 
and was let down in the Barne manner. The ceremony being over, 
they covered the hole with a stone, and returned to the city. 
Though I was struck with terror and astonishment at this bar- 
barous transaction, the rest of the company were entirely unmoyed. 
Accustomed to it from their earliest infancy, they regarded it as a 
matter of course. I thought the law 80 absurd as well as cruel, 
that I ventured to t5petLk my sentiments on it to the king; hut I 
found his majcsty immovably prejudiced in its favor. "It is a 
usage hcl'(
," said he," as uniyer8al as it is ancient; we have no 
b"ace how early it began, nor a single instance of an exception frol11 
it, from the sovereign to the meanest peasant." " Strangcl's) I 
hope," replied I, "are not subject to this barbarous law." " T H. 
de cd they are," sa.id the king, smiling, "if they marry in tl1Í8 
I}ountry. " 
From that hour I became the prey of continual apprehension. 
Every little indisposition of my wife, however trifling, alarmed me. 
I renewed with redoubled earne
tness my endeavors to cscape; 
but, as if my conversation with the king had exciteù his suspicion::;, 
I founù it impossible to elude the spies which every'where Bur- 
founded me. In a E!hort time all these apprehensions were real- 
Jz('(1. ]\[y wife fell sick, and in a very few days died. 
Judge of my feelings on this dismal occasion. Flight or resist- 



1\.'1'1<:1>"1'.\ I 
:\I 
y,.
. 


7\ 


nPI
(' were alike imprnctica1Jle. The body was illul\cdiat('ly 1>1"e- 
pared for lJ
terJ?ent; the cavalcade began, and. I 'was obligf'd to 
lead the proces:5ion. On our arrival at the fatal pit, I begged 
leave to addref;s the king amI his C()urt, who, in honor to me, 
attended the funeral. It was granted, but to no purpose. In vain I 
threw myself at the mOImrch;s feet, pleading my past services. In 
vain I harangued the people on the cruelty and injustice of subject. 
ing a stranger to so barbarous a law. In vain I urged that I had 
another wife and children ill my own country; whi
h plea, as 
good 
Iussulllla1l8, who allow polygamy, they ought to r(
pect. 
Iustcad of bcing moved by my I)leas and eutreaties, they only 
made the more haste to inter the corpse; and notwithstanding my 
exclamation and outcries, they forced me into the coffin, and having 
lowcred me down, they shut the mouth of the pit. 
'Yhell I reached the bottom, I threw myself on the ground in a 
transport 0f grief. How nlany hours I passed in this state I can- 
not tell; but fiS nature willllot support continual anguish, I be- 
cmne at length by degrees more composed, I then surveyed my 
situation, and found, from a little light which here and there 
broke through the cavities of the rock, that I was in a. cave of 
great length. Innumera.ble dry bones were scattered 011 the 
ground, interspersed with jewels and trinkets of immense value, 
which had been buried with the differcnt bodies; but to my great sur- 
prise, there was no stench, which I was then at a loss to account for. 
K otwithstanding my hopeless situation, and the misery I felt 
in contemplating it, something, I know not what, pres.crved me 
from absolute despair. I determined to husband my hread and 
water with the utmost care.: and actua,lly managed it so that 
it supported me for many days; at length it was quite ex- 
hau.
ted, and I was just resigning myself to death, when I per- 
ceived the stone at the mouth of the pit to 1)e removed. I had 
no doubt but another funeral was taking place. Instantly snatch- 
ing l!P a large bone, I concealed mY8elf in the corner of the cavern. 
I waited till the second coffin was let down, and the & pit covered, 
when finding a woman had been buried with her deceased hus
 
band, I gave the unfortunate wretch several blows, which speedily 
di
patched her; and seizing on her bread and water, I ÙeCitlHO 
p"l(õ:(õ;es.<;:eù of the means of preserving my life a little longer. 
A few flays after, when this store, 80 dreadfully obtain('d, was 
nearly gone, as I was sitting on my coffin, I heard something walk- 



71, 


AHAIUAl"I NIHl[l
 


ing aILd panhn
 a8 It approached from the lI1terÎc ' r J'H,Cl!:i (It the 
cavern; which being entirely dark, I had not attempt('d to expl()re. 
On this occasion, my f:Jituation was too desperate to admit of fear; 
and I detei'mined to meet it. As I advanced, I fouuù the noise .1 
retreat from me. I continued to follow it, till at lengtb I found to 
my inexpressible joy, that it led me to a hole in the rock lJig enough 
for me to escape through. 
'Vhen I arrived in open day, I threw myself on my knees and 
l'eturned thanks to Heaycn for my deliverance. I found I was on 
the sea-coast, with the immense mountain in which I had be('n 
buried, between me and the town. I perceived also that the crea- 
ture I had followed was a sea. monster, who bad no doubt come into 
the cavern to feeù on the dead bodies; and thence I could account for 
the air of that dismal place Leing so little noxious. lla,ying refresh- 
ed nlyself plentifully with the fruits I found on the mountain; I had 
the cour3ge to penetrate tbe cavern again, and bring away part of 
the jewels and other treasures it contained. I did 80 repeatedly 
for some days, and made up several bales of them with the apparel 
I found in the cavern. 
Soon after I was so lucky as to discover a ship. :1\ly signals 
were seen on board, and a boat sent to my relief, which conveyed 
me and my bales to the vessel. As neither the captain nor crew 
were very inquisitive, they were satisfied with a loose account I 
gave them, of my having been shipwrecked where they found me. 
''Ve had a short and agreeable passagC', and arrived safely at Bag- 
dad.' I handsomely rewarded my deliverers, nor did I forget to 
distribute part of my wealth among my friends and the necessitous. 
Sindbad having nnished his relation, gave the porter another 
purse, and another invitation to hear his further a.d rentures. 


RIND.BAD'S FIFTH YOYAGI';. 
By this time my namo became celebrated as a bold navigator, 
and fortunate merchant. 
Iy vanity was so highly gratified Ly 
these distinctions, that I determined to support 111Y claim to 'them 
by undertaking another voyage. 
Accorrlingly, I fitted out and loaded a stant ship, of larger 1Jnrden 
than any I had sailed in Lefore. 'Ve had Leen several weeks at 
Jea bnfore ,ve made land, and at last touchEd at a desert island, 
where we found an eg
 of a r0C. There was a young roc iL it 
u,lmost hatched, as the bill hegHn to appear.. 



}O
NTEHT.\JX
IE
TS. 


73 


As we lUl.d been for some time confined to salt prodsiollS, the 

ailors detp.l.mined to have a feast. Accordingly, thl'Y broke the 
egg with batí:llets, and cutting away lal'ge pieces of the young roc, 
they roastod them and regaled themsel \ eSt I earnestly persuaded 
them in vain from this rash measure; however, when they had 
gratified their desires, they lilStened to my adyice; which \Yas j to 
hasten on board, and sail directly awny before the old roc should 
return. 'Ve embarked, and got under way with all diligence; but 
we scarce had weighed anchor, when we saw the lllale and female 
rocs appear at a distance, like two large clouds. '\
hen they ap- 
proached their egg and found it broken, the noise they made was 
tremendous. 
They rose again immediately into the air, ltnd flew away, so that 
we lost sight of them, and began to think we had nothing to appre- 
hend. These hopes were 800n at an end' in a vcry little time wo 
saw them approaching us slo" ly; when they drew near we disco\r- 
ered too plainly the cause of this delay; they carried between their 
talons, stones or rather rocks of a prodigious size. 'Vhen they camA 
directly over our ship, they hovered, and one of them let fall the 
E:tone she held, which, by the dexterity of the steersman, we evaded. 
But the other roc was more successful. His stone fell in the mid- 
clle of the ship, v
rhich it split into a thousand l)iece
. 
All the crew were either killed by the fall of the stone, or Bunk 
ycry deep into the sea. 1'he latter wa
 my fitte; I continued so 
long nnder water that I was almost spent, but on regaining the 
surface I found a piece of the 'wreck near me. I immedia.tely got 
upon it, and committing myself tù the mercy of the waves, I had 
the good fortune next day to get on shore on an island, the most 
beautiful and fertile I had ever seen. 
The whole country appeared a delicious garden, abounding with 
the choicest fruit-trees. I refreshed myself plentifully, and after- 
ward resigned myself to sleep. The next day I awoke, fully re- ... 
covered from my fatigue, but llluch grieved for the loss of my com- 
panions. 
As the country was so pleasant, I resolveù to penetrate further 
into it in search of inhabitants. I had not advanced fh,r when
 
coming to the bank of a stream, I Raw a little old man, who seemed 
to be very weak and feeble. I saluted him, which he returned by 
l)\)wing his head, and maldng signs for me to take him on my back 
tlnd carry him (lyeI' the brook. I thought he wanted a8siøtance, and 
4 



';'4 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


readily complieç1, and wben on the other side, I stooped that he 
might get off with the greater ease; but instead of doing 
o, be 
clasped his legs nimbly about my neck. His skin appeared as im- 
penetrahle as iron: he sat astride on my Ehoulders, and held me 
o 
close that I thought he would have strangled me. 
The surprise and terror of DIY situation oyercame me. I filinted 
and fell down; notwithstanding which, the old man continued on 
my shoulders. 1Yhen he found I had recovered, he struek me so 
:aeverely with his feet, that I was obliged to rise, and carry him 
where he pointed. At night he made signs to me to lie down, he 
continuing his hold about my neck; and in the morning, when he 
wished to rise, he struck me with his feet, as a signal to get up, 
with him on my shoulders. 
In this manner I continued for a considerable time, burdened 
with the execrable old fellow, who never left me for a single mo- 
ment. One day I found in my way some dry oalabashes; I took 
a large one, and having cleaned it, I filled it with the juice of grapes 
and set it in a cOllyeniellt place. Some time after, I returned thither, 
and found my wine very good. I drank heartily of it, which raised 
my spirits, and I hegan to sing and dance as I walked along. 
The old man, perceiving what effect the wine bad upon me, made 
signs for me to give him some. I gave him the calabash, and he 
was so pleased with the liquor that he drank it all. 1'he fu
es of 
it presently got into his head, he became drunk, and Bat with his 
legs much looser about me than usual. I seized the oI>portunity, 
and suddenly threw him off. lIe fell to the ground in a state of 
insensibility, and with a large stone I crushed his head to pieces. 
I rejoiced exceedingly at my deliverance, and regaining the sea- 
coast, I met with the crew of a ship, who had cast anchor to take in 
water. From them I learned that my late situation had been more 
dangerous than I had thought it. "Y ou fell':' said they, ,. iuto the 
hands of the Old j)lan of the Sea, and are the only one that evc..n. 
escaped strangling by him; as he never left any he had OlJce mãS' 
tered till their strcngth was exhausted, when he failed not to destroy 
them." 
The captain of the vessr! received me very kindly, and readily 
gave me a pa
sage to the port he was bound to. :My good fortune 
did not forsake me. 1Vhen we landed I wa.s P ermittrd throucrh 
, '0 
the ÍntereRt of the captain, to join a body of adventurers of a singu- 
lar kind. I had a large bag giycn me, al1d was ad\"Ïf3ed to foJlI)
v 



E
TER1'_\IX:!\IENT8: 


75 


the example of my companionf', and by no means to separate from 
them, as I valued my life. 
'Ve went together to a neighboring forest, the tree.;; of which were 
very straight and tall, ànd so smooth it was impossible for any man 
to climb them. As we drew near, we saw a great number of apes, 
who fled from us and climbed the trees for safety. 'Ve pelted the 
apes with stones, who in return threw at us cocoa-nuts, which the 
trees bore in great plenty; and thus, through the indignation of the 
animals, we were supplied with those valuable fruits, which our 
utmost industry could not otherwise have ohtained. 
By diligently following this avocation, I soon got together a very 
considerable cargo of cocoa-nuts. I sailed with these to another 
port, where I exchanged them for pepper and aloes, anù after some 
time arrived at Balsora, Tcry considerahly enriched. 
To-morrow (continued bindbad, giving the porter his customary 
present) I will relate to you IllY next adventure. 


SI:r;DBAD'S SIXTH VOYAGE. 
Some time after my arrival, a few merchants, IUY very particular 
friends, agreed on a voyage; and they neyer ceased importuning 
me till I consented to go with them. 
For 80me time we had pleasant weather. 'Ye sailed many days 
without seeing land, but having a perfect reliance on our captain, 
we were without uneasiness. At length the ship was forced along 
by a strong current. The moment the captain perceived it, he ex- 
claimed, " Weare all lost !', IIe immediately ordered all the sails 
to be set a contrary way, but in vain; the ropes broke to pieces. 
The ship, in spite of our utmost efforts, continued to be forced on by 
the current, till we came to the foot of a lllountaill, where she ran 
ashore, and was presently beat to pieces. 
l\Iost of the crew perished; the captain, two seamen, and myself 
only escaped; and all hut me were much bruised. T11e captain 
told us that all hope of escape from that place was vain, a
 the 
current set in so strongly to the shore, that no vessel could possibly 
sail against it. This discourse of his afflicted us exceedingly; and 
indeed, what we saw too strongly confirmed it. The whole shore 
was covered with wrecks of vesse}s, and with the bones of men, who 
had evidently perished there. The iucredible quantity of riches 
with which the strand was covered, only served to aggravato Gar 
sorrOWB. '\Vhether it was from this melancholy prospect, or ft"'!>> 



76 


A.H.
\.lllAN 1-iIGll'1'
' 


the bruises they had received, I know not; hut the next day the 
two sailors died, and the da,y following the captain also expired, so 
that I was left alone in this terrible situation. 
But I had been too much used to misfurtunes to despair. I began, 
therefore, to survey the shore, and to cast about in IllY min.d for a. 
l)ossibility of relief. On exa.mining the mountain, I t!oon found that 
all hope of clilllLin
 was in vain, for it was not only stupendou81y 
high, but in ll1allY parts absolutely perpelidicular. Thc account of 
the current setting in every'" here to the shore, I DJund also to be 
true. I had almo!'3t given up every hope, when I discovered a riv- 
ulet of fresh water, which, instead of running into the sea, penetra- 
ted the bottom of the mountain. To this place I with much labor 
brought pieces of the wreck, alid formed a large and strong float. 
Having secul'ed this properly, I went in search of provisions. I 
found sbell-fish in great abundance; I conveyed a large quantity of 
these on board my float,resohing to trust myself on it, and take the 
chance whither the current might convey file. Before I emharked, 
I collected great quantities of diamonds, rubies, emeralds, and am- 
bergris; these I formed into bales, and fastened strongly on board 
my vessel, and cutting the cable, COlllluitted myself to fortune. 
The stream conveyed me into a hollow passage, under the moun- 
tain, which was cutireIY.dark. I sailed many days in this situation, 
husbanding my shell-fish with great care. My food was at la,!;t ex- 
hausted; I grew faint, and iUHensiLly fell into a deep sleep. How 
long it continued I know not, but when I awoke, I found my float 
drawn on shore, and myself surrounded by a. great number of ne- 
groes. I arose, and saluted them; they spoke to me, but I could 
not understand them; yet I was 80 transported with joy that I re- 
peated aloud in Arabic, "CaD upon the Almighty, and he will help 
thee; thou needest not perplex thJself in trouble, for Gud call 
change thy bad furtune iuto good." 
Happily one of the negroes understood Arabic; from him I 
leal'ned, that my float baving been discovered ill the river, they had 
dr3. w n it on shore; but finding me fast asleep, they had waited till 
i. aWùke. lIe then requested that I would tell them by what acci- 
dent I came into snch a situation. I related my story, which the 
'black interpreted to them. 1V11en I had finished, they de!3ireù I 
would Buffer them to conduct me to the kin g that I lllip'ht relate 80 
, 0 
extraordinary an adventure to him myself. I cheerfully consented, 
on which they furnished me with a horse, and while some of them 



.EKTEET AI
 JIENTS. 


77 


attended me,other8 contrived to convey my float and cargo after mo. 
I was very favorably received by the king, and thankfully ac- 
cepted his inyitatiun of reposing some time in his court to recover 
from my í:.ttigue. During this time, I made a pilgrimage to the 
place where Adam was confined after his bauishment fro111 paradiso. 
The i::;la.nd wûs called Serendib; it is exceedingly pleasant and 
fertile. The p
op]e were hospita1le, and so just that lawsuits are 
unknown among them. The magnificence of the palace, and the 
8plendor of their prince, when he appears in public, are truly ad- 
miraLle. On this occasion, the king bas a throne fixed on the back 
of an elephant; before him an officer carries a golden lance in his 
hand, and behind the throne there is another who supports a column 
of guld; the guard amount to a thousand men, all clad in silk and 
cloth of gold. \\Thile the king is on his march, the officer who car- 
ries the lance, cries out occasionally, " Behold the great nlOnarch; 
the potent and redoubtable sultan of the Indies; whose palace is 
covered with au hundred thousand rubies, and who possesses twenty 
thousand crO\Yns, enriched with diamonds; behold the crowned 
monarch; greater than the greatest of princes!" After which the 
officer who is behind, cries out, "This monarch, so great, so power- 
ful, must di.e, must die, must die !" The officer who is before re- 
plies, " Prai
e be to him who liveth forever!" 
After I had continued some time in the capital, I requested the 
king'a permission to return to my own country, which he imme- 
dia,tely granted, in the most obliging and most honorable manner. 
lIe forced me to accept a very rich preseht; and at the same time 
intrusted to my care, one of immense value, which he directed me 
to present with a lettcr,* in his name, to our sovereign, the caliph 
Haroun Alraschid. 
Our voyage was short and pleasant. I had the honor to deliver 
the letter and present of the king of Serendib to the commander 
of the faithful; after which I retired to my own dwelling, rejoicing 


· The contents of the king of Serendib's letter were: "The king of the IndI
s, 
'before whom m:1rch an hundred elephant;j, who live!'; in a pahcts that I5hines 
with an hundred thotlsahd rubies, and who has in his treasury twenty thousand 
crowns enriched with diamonds; to the caliph llarouD Alraschld. 
"Though the present we send you ùe inconside. abl
. r
c{'ive it, however. as a 
'brother and a friend, in consideration 01" the h. arty f i, nd",hip whi('h we b('ar 
you, and of which we are willing to give you pronf. WE' desire tbe Ramc palt 
in YOur friend"hip, cOllsidering that we bdie,-e it to be our merit, being of the 
salue digui'!y with yoursdf. We conjQ!6 JOU th15 in quality of a brot
r Adieu. 



7
 


ARABIAN KIGHîS 


with my friends, to whom and to the poor I was bountiful, and reo 
solving to pass the rest of my days among them. 
Sindbad presented the porter as before with a hundred sequins, 
und desired him to attend the da.y following, to hear an accoullt of 
his last voyage. 


SINDBAD'S SEVENTH VOYAGE. 


I had now determined to go no more to sea. l\Iy wealth was 
unbounde<l, my reputation established, my curiosity amply gratified, 
and my years began to require rest; so that I thought only of en- 
joying the fruit of my former toils and dangers. But the caliph 
sending for me, told me he had resolved to allswer the letter of tho 
king of Serendib, and to return him a present of equal value to 
that which I had brought him, and that he had fixed on me to be 
the bearer of it. 
I wished much to be excused, and for that purpose related to the 
caliph the many perils I had been in. The commander of tIle 
fitithful expressed his surprise and satisfaction at my narratiye; 
but persiöting in his desire; I cheerfully prepared to obey hi
 com- 
mands. 
As soon as the caliph's letter* ind presüntwere ready, I set sail, 
and after a safe and pleasant voyage I arrived at tho isla.nd of 
Serendib, and discharg;ed my commiösion. The king received me 
in the most distinguished manner, and expressed himself much 
pleased with the caliph's friendship. I stayed a short time at the 
palace, and then re-embarked for Balsora, but had not the good 
fortune to arrive there as I hoped. Providence ordered it othe1"\\ il:ie. 
'Vithin three days of Ollr departure, we fell in with a corsair, 
who took us captives, and carrying us .into port, sold us all for 
Mlavcs. I was bought by a wealthy merchant, who treated mc ycry 
kindly. lIe inquired if I understood the use of the bow, and seemed 
nllwh pleased, when I told him it had been one of the excrci
cs of 
my youth, and that I had always delighted in it. lIe gave mc a 


... The caliph's letter was as follows: "Greeting, in the name of the So\-ereign 
Guide of the right way, to the potent and happy sultan, from Abdallah lIal'oun 
Alraschid. wLom God Lath set in the place of 'honor, aftH hi
 ancestors of happy 
memory. 
"'Ve reechoed your letter with joy, aud send you this from the council of ou" 
port, tho 
arden of superior wit,;:. w
 hope when you look upon it, JOu will fi:ld 
our good intention, and be pleased with it, Adieu." 



ENTERTAIKl\lE
TS. 


79 


bow and arrow, and carried me to a vast forest. " Clim b up," said 
he, "one of these trees. This foret:;t abounds with elephants; as 
they come within Lowshot, shoot at them; and if anyone falls, 
come and give me notice." 
I continued ill the tree all night. In the morning I saw many 
elephants, and shot at them.; at last one dropped. I hastened to 
acquaint my patron with my success, who cOllllllenJed my dexterity, 
and cares!Sed me very much. 'Ve returned to the forest, aud buried 
tbe elephant in the earth; my patron intending to take away the 
teeth, when the body was decayed, to trade with. 
For two months I continued to kill an elephant every day, some- 
times from one tree, sometirues froDl another. One morning, while 
I was looking out for them, I perceived they did not cross the forest 
as usual, but came in great numbers directly to,\yard the tree 
where I was. Their approach alarmed me so much that my bow 
and arrows fell out of my hand; and my terror greatly increased, 
when one of the largest of them wound his trunk round the budy 
of the tree in which I was, and pulled so strong that he soon tore 
it up by the root8, and threw it on the ground. As I was falling 
with the tree, I gave myself up for 101St; but the elephant, wbell 
I reached the earth, took me up gently, and placed me on his back. 
lIe then went at the head of his companions into the beart of the 
forest, when stopping !Suddenly, be took hold of me with bis trunk, 
and set me down on the ground. Immediately he aJ.ld nIl his com- 
panions retired and left me. 
I had been 130 extremely agitated during these transactions, that 
it was a considerable time before I recovered the use of my facul- 
ties. 'Vhen I became composed enough to look about me, I found 
I was upon a long and broad hill: covered all o\-er with the bones 
and teeth of elephants. I could not but admire the wonderful in- 
stinct of tbese sagacious alJimuls. They had perceived, no doubt, 
that we buried l:5uch of their companions as we killed, and afte\"- 
ward opened the earth, and took a'way their teeth; I cOllcludeJ, 
therefore, that they had couducted me to their burial-place, tbat 
we mi
ht obtain our desires without persecuting them. 
I returned to the city, and found my patron in great trouble 
about me. I I'elated to him my advelltm'e, which he would hardly 
believe. "
e set out next morning for tbe hill, where he l:3oon 
found everything I had told him was true. Vf e took away with us 
ivory h: a great ,-alue; and on our return to the citJ, my patron 



80 


ARABIAN l\IG HTS' 


embraced me, and said," Brother, God gi,'e J'ou all bapllÏness; I 
declare before him that I will give you your liberty. 1 will not 
hold ill b()ndage a moment lOll gel' the man who hath so greatly 
enriched me. 
" Know now," continued he, "the perilous service you haye 
been engaged in. 'Ve buy slaves here solely for the purpoôe of 
In'ocuring us iyory; and llotwithstauding all our care, the 91ephallts 
every year kill a great lllany of them. You luwe been prc:::;erycd 
most marvellously from their fury. Think not that by restoring 
you to freedom, I I:mppose you sufficiently rewarded: when 1})ro-1 
cure you a vessel to convey .rou bome, JOu will filld me more 1SuL- 
t5tantiall.r grateful." 
Agreeably to this promise, my patron was diligent in providing 
me with a ship, and having met with one, he freighted it 'with i\'ol'Y, 
and gave me both the ves8e! and cargo, we pa,rted with mutual 
expresEiolls of regard, and in a short time I returned home, with 
another great addition to my fortune. On my arrival at Bagdad, 
I waited on the caliph, and related my adventure to him, which he 
heard with much pleasure. lIe dismissed rue very graciously, and 
I have since devoted my time wholl)- to my family, kindred, and 
friend
. 
Sindbad haYing finished the relation of his voyages, addressed 
himself to lIindbad thus: "You now know by what means I have 
acquired the opulellce you envied me. Say, haye I not gained it 
through dangers more than equal to its value; and ought I not 
to enjoy myself?" Tbe porter modestly owned the truth of Siud- 
bad's reasoni.ug, adding due praÏt3es to his generosity, and prayers 
for his future welfhre. Siudbad repeated his present of a hundred 
sequins. lIis liberality bad raised lIiudbad from his penury, and 
finding bim worthy of esteem, the generous sailor received him 
among the number of his'intimate acquaintances. 


THE HISTORY OF THE THREE APPLES. 
In one of those evening excursions, which the caliph IIaroun 
Alraschid frequently made about his capital in disguise, he saw 
a man with some nets over his shoulder, walking slowly along. 
Something disconsolate ill his air attracted the attention of tho 
caliph, who asked him familiarly why he was 80 sad. "I am a 
fisherman," replied he, "3nd am just landed from a day's 8eyerO 
811d fruitless toil. :My sorrow arises from ID.r disappoiutIneut) Imv: 



ENTK.RTAnìl\1E
TS. 


HI 


ing a large family, who depend upon my labor, which to-day hath 
been thrown away." "If you are not too much fati
ued," replied 
the caliph, "and will ca
t your nets once more, I will give you a 
hundred sequins for the haul, whether successful or not." The 
fi
hel'man heard the offer of so large a reward with equal joy and 
surprise; and readily returned to the Tigris, accompanied by the 
caliph, Giafar, and l\Iesrour. 
The fisherman threw in his nets, anù brought up a trunk, close 
shut, and very heavy. The caliph ordered the vizier to pay him 
the hundred sequill
, and directed 
lesrour to convey the trunk to 
the palace, whither he also retired, impatient to examine the con- 
tents of it; which, to his amazemcnt, he found to be the body of a 
beautiful young lady, divided into quarters. 
The wonder of the caliph soon chauged into fury against his 
vizier. "'V retch," said he, "is it thus you watch over the police 
of my capital, intrusted to your peculiar care 1 Are such impious 
murders committed with impul1ity, almost in our presence? Bring 
to justice within three daJs," continued the enraged caliph," the 
murderers of this woman, or thou and forty of thy kindred shall 
die by the hand of the executioner." 
The consternation of the vizier was extreme. lIe knew the vio- 
lent temper of l1Ïs master too" ell to e
pect any good from expos- 
tulation. He set aLout the inquiry, therefore, with the utmost 
diligence; be took the aSÐstance of all the officers of justice ill 
Bagdad. The search was rigid and universal, but entirely inef- 
fectual; not the least information being 0 btained, which tended to 
a discoyery. 
On the third day the unfortunate vizier was summoned to a r 
pear at the foot of the throne; and being unable to produce the 
otl'ender, the enraged caliph ordered him, and forty of the noLle 
family of the Bermicides, his kindred, to be hanged up at the gate 
of the palace. A public crier proclaimed through the whole city 
tht! caliph's harsh decree, the cause of it, and that it would inuue- 
diately be put in execution. Gibbets were erected without delay; 
and the vizier, with bis relations, were led out to suffer, amidst the 
tears of the people, to whom theip virtues had endeared them. 
.At the instant the execution was about to take place, a young 
man ()f good address pushed forward and calling out to the offi- 
cers c f justice, said, " I alone am the criminal. It is I," said he, 
 
'" \','ho committed the murder, and I ollly ought to suffer." 
4* 



82 


ARABIAN KIGIlT8' 


"\V'hile he was yet speaking, au old mall cried out to the yizier
 
" 0 illustrious Giafar, believe not that rash young man. I am the 
'wretch who lIaye brought you and your friends il1to so much dan- 
ger." The vizier, though rejoiced at his own escape, pitied these 
unfortunate men, 'who each persisted in declaring his own hui1t, 
and exculpatIng the other. The judge criminal conducted his prilS- 
oners and the two men before the caliph; who, having heard his re- 
port, sulleuly dismissed the Bermicides, ordering Giafar to resume 
his office, and commanded Loth the men to be hanged. The vizier, 
not'with
ÜLlldjng his past sufferings, humanly interposed, and rea- 
t10Iled with his master, that they both could not be guilty. '!'he 
young man hearing this, cried out, " I swear by the grcat God who 
raised the heavens so high, that I am the man who killed the 
Lady, cut her into quarters, and thre'w hm' into the Tigris: I re- 
nounce my part of happiness among; the just, at the day of judg. 
ment, if what I say be not truth." 'fhis solemn oath, and the 
f!ilence of the old man, convinced the cali ph. " '\Y retch," said he, 
U what could induce you to commit so horrid a crime? """hat 
madness impels you to rush upon your fate, by thus audaciously 
fi yowing it 1" "AlaR!" replied the young man, "I do not wish to 
live; yet I trust if your majesty will deign to hear me, I shall be 
found more unfortunate than crimina!." 1'he curiosity of the 
caliph was excited: he ordered the young man to relate his story, 
which he did, in these words: 
" Commander of the faithful, the murdered lady was my wife, 
and daughter of tbis old man, who is my uncle. "... e passed seve- 
ral happy years together. I have three children by her, and our 
affection for each other was unbounded. 
"A few weeks ago my wife became sick: in this situation she 
expressed a great desire for 80me apples. I immediately endeay- 
ored to procure some; but though I offered a sequin apiece
 I 
could not find one in Bagdad. On the contrary, I learned that 
there were none to be had at this season, in any place, but in your 
majesty's 
arden at .Balsora. 
" .Being very desirous to gratify my wife, I disregarded the dis- 
tance, and set out thither. I purchased thr
e apples, at a great 
price, which was all the gardener could spare me; and returned 
in fifteen days to Eagdad, much pleased with my success. But 
when I came home, my wife's desire for t11em had passed away. 
She accepted them, notwithstanding, very kindly. and though sh
 
contiJ ued sick, she di.d not cease to be affectionate 



. 
EXTERT AIN:\IE'XTS. 


83 


"Some days after, as I was sitting in my I'hop; an ugly, tall, 
olack slave came into it, 'with ..n apple in his hand. ,My heart 
sunk when I saw it, HR I was conYÏnceù there was not one in the 
city but those I had brought from Balsora. I asked him hastily 
how he came by it. "TiH a present,' replied he, smiling,' from 
my mistress: I haye just been to visit her, and on taking leave, 
she gaye me this apple, which is one of three which her kind hus- 
Land has been as far as Balsora to ohtain for her.' 
'
I calJllOt e:xrre
s what I felt at this discourse. I hastened 
home immediately, and going to my wife's chamber, I saw there 
were ouly hvo apples left. I demanded wlitre the other wa
. 
)Iy wife answered me coldly, ' I know not what has become of it,' 
Transported with rage 
UJd jealousy, I drew my dagger, and in- 
stantly staL1Jed her. 
"".hen I founù she was dead, my fury gave place to fear. 
Though I did not regret having slain her, I dreaded the conse- 
quelJces of the act. I diyided the body therefore into quarters, 
and packed them up in a trunk, 'which, as soon as it was dark, I 
threw iuto the river. 'Vhpn I returned }lOJ1W, I found the eldest 
of my children sitting !1t my gate, crying; on my ft,skin
 the rea- 
son, ' Father,' said he, 'I took aVíay this morning, UnkllO\Vn to my 
mother, cne of the apples you brought-her: as I was playing with 
it, a tall, blaek slaye, who was going by, snatchpd it from me; and 
though I told him how far you had been to fetch it to my mother, 
he would not restore it. Do not, my dear father, tell my mother 
of it, lest she should grieve and become worse.' 
":\Iy son's discourse overwhelmed me with the most insupport- 
able anguish. I found I had been betrayed by the fhtallie of a 
vile slave into an enormous crime. At this juncture, my uncle 
arrived to pay.a visit to me and his daughter I concealed nothing 
from him; and the good old man, instead of loading me with re- 
proaches, admitted my apology, and joined with me in lamenting 
the loss we had both sustained, through my rashness and the vil- 
lany of the rascally black. 'Ve were yet mingling our tearEl, when 
we heard that the body was found, and that your mnjesty's dis- 
pleaE'ure was raised against your faithful vizier, because the mur. 
derer WfiS undiscovered. I resolvpd, therefore, to submit myself 
to your royal justice, the decree of which however severe, I shall 
uot presume to murmur at." 
The story of the unfortunate young man excited the pity of 



81. 


AHABlAN NIGHTS' 


the ca1iph; and his indignation was turned against the 8Ian', who 
had been the cause of so great a calamity. 1\01' was he yet l'ec- 
onciled to the conduct of the yizier. Dismissing, therefore, the 
:voung man, he turned to Giafar, and said, "Since by your negli- 
gence such an enormity passed unnoticed, till accident revcnled it, 
I command you to find out this wicked slave within t3:-!'e (h
Y8, or 
I will mo
t severely punish you." Giafhr withdrew from the 
caliph's presence, overcome with sorrow. " IIow is it pOEsiblei' 
complained he," to find out this slave in a city where th(,1'e are 
such a number of blacks 1 I will not attempt such so fruitless an 
inquiry, but will resign myself to my fate." 
Accordingly, instead of seeking for the slave, he passed the firRt 
two days in mourning with his family; on the third, he prerared to 
present himself before the caliph. IIa.ving taken leave of his friend8, 
the nurses brought to him his favorite daughtpr, a child of alJout 
five years of age. 1'he afflicted vizier took her in his arms to 
salute her, when perceiving something bulky in her bosom, asked 
her what it was 1 "!\Iy dear father," said she, "it is an apple, 
which I have just 'bought of our slave Rahan, for two sequins." 
At the words apple, slave, the vizier shouted out with surprise 
and joy. He caused the slave to be immediately seized, and carried 
before the caliph; to whom he related the manner in which he 
made the difcovery. 1'he caliph was much pleased at it, and em- 
bracing Giafar, declared his anger toward him was at an end. 
"But this fellow," said he, turning to the slave, "shall suffer ex- 
emplary punishment." The black, prostrating himself, besought 
mercy; and the vizier, finding the caliph in some measure appeased, 
ventured to intercede for him. "I remember,]) said he, "a story 
fully as extraordinary as this." " Relate it then," said the caliph, 
"and if it is so, I will gh"e to your slave the pardon you solicit for 
him." 


THE STORY OF NOUREDDIN AI.! AND BEDREDDIN HASSAN. 
1'here was a sultan of Egypt, who having been bred up with tIle 
sons of IÜs father's vizier, determined, on the death of the old min- 
ister, to confer his office on thPIn jointly. 1'he eldest was called 
Schemspddin Ali, the younger, N oureddin Ali. They were both 
men of abilities; but the younger had most virtue and good nature. 
he was also remarkably handsome. 
They conducted the public business very ably; and R8 the suI. 



EXTERl'A INMENTS. 


85 


tan was very fond of the chase, they used to attend him in turn on 
his hunting parties which often lasted several weeks. 
One evening, as they were talking after supper, Schemseddin 
proposed that they should marry two sisters, of their acquaintance, 
N ouredqin agreed; and the conversation was continued, in pleas- 
antry, as to what might arise from their nuptials. "If I should 
have a daughter and you a SOll," said Schemseddin," we will give 
them in marriage to each other.". "Agreed," replied N oureddin ; 
 
" it will cement our union, and continue it to our posterity." 
The discourse was carried on with much good humor, till the 
eldest brother asked the younger, what jointure he proposed to 
offer? Noureddin replied, la,ughing, "Are we not brothers, and 
equals in rank 1 you ought to think of a dowry for your daughter; 
you know the male is nobler than the female." "How!" replied 
Schemseddin, haughtily; "a mischief on your son! do you prefer 
him to my daughter 1 I wonder you dare think hÏ1n worthy of 
her, Do you forget I am your elder brother? Sinc
 you behave 
so ill, I will not give my daughter to your son on any terms what- 
soever." Altercation, however trifling the subject, often excites ill- 
will. This idle quarrel between the viziers a.bout the marriage of 
their children, before they were born, was carried so high! that 
SchemfSeddin left his brother in a rage, vowing reyenge fur the in. 
suit he supposed he had received. 
N ouredùin acted still more imprudently. The day follùwing. 
the elder vizier was to attend the sultan, on a hunt; for a month. 
As soon as the court departed, Noureddin; stung with the unkind 
behavior cf his brother, determined to abandon him, hi!:! office ahd 
his country. He took his best mule, and bidding adieu to Cairo, 
he arrived some weeks after at Ba.lsora. 
Accirlent introduced him to the grand vizier of that country. 
His virtues, abilities, and good R(ldress, merited and obtain{'d for 
him general esteem. lIe soon became son-in-law, and afterward 
the successor of the vizier. He had an ouly son 'whom he named 
Bcdreddin Hassan, 
. ho was remarka1Jle for his singular affection 
f')r his father. 
It 
o feU out, that ahout the time N oureddin marrÍ<'cl the daugh. 
tel' of the grand dzier of BalF;ora, his brother ScbeJllf3Cdden also 
married: aud that his wife was delivered of a daughter on the same 
day that Bedreddin was born. 
Bedreddin had ju
t reached mtmhood, VT ben N oureddin Wast 



86 


AHABIAN :r\IGHTS' 


seized with a fatal disease. On his death-bed, he related to his son 
toO cause of his leaving Egypt, and hó. villg given him his pocket- 
book; wherein all things respecting his 'whole life ,,::1S circumstan: 
tia.lly recorded, he died as became a good 1\1 ussulman. 
Bedreddin was so afflicted at the death of his father" that he 
shut himself up in his house, and for a long time indulged himself 
in sorrow. But by carrying his filial pity to such excess, he drew 
on himself a series of calamities. As be wholly confined himself 
at home, and was not seen for many months at the court of the 
sultan, the haughty and pas:sionate prince was offended, and ordered 
his effects to be seized, and himself brought a prisoner to the 
:r
lace. 
A faithful slave, who had heard the orders repeated to the 
officers of justice: ha
tened before them to his master, and gave 
him notice of his danger. Thus alarmed, he fled from his house 
immediately, without stopping, to take the least supply of mOHe)' or 
other necessaries. lIe detf'rl1lined to pass the llight in his father':; 
tomb, which was a large dome, built without the city. As he 
drew near it) he met a rich Jew, 'who was amerchal:lt of reputation. 
Id<.tfic congratulated him on l
is coming abroa.d, and agreed with 
him for the cargo of a ship which was daily expected, depositing a 
thousand sequins to bind the bargain. Bedreddin rejoiced at re- 
ceiving a supply as unexpected as it was necessary. Night draw- 
ing on, he eHtered his father's tomb; where, overcome with fatigue 
and sorrow, he fell asleep, 
It happened that a genie had retired to tbis tomb in the day, 
and was preparing, according to his custom, to range about the 
world during night. Being much pleased with the gracefulness 
and beauty of Bedreddin, be continued some time in the tomb ad. 
miring him; he had :-;carce began his flight through the air when 
lw met a fairy of his acquaintance. He invited her with him to 
the t0l11h, where they agreed in admiring the beauty of the s]eep- 
iug Bedreddin. 
After viewing him for some time," Genie," said the fairy, u this 
young man is indeed remarkably handsome; but I am just como 
from Cairo, where there is a young lady still more beautiful. She 
is at thil'; time in very great distress; and it has occurred to me, 

hat you and I may very properly relieve her. I will, therefore, 
"elate to you the particulars of her situation. 
" .This paragon of beauty i
 the daughtpr of SchemsBddin, ,.izier 



:ENTEUTAIN l\lEXTS. 


87 


to the sultan of Egypt. Her accomplislullcllts are so rare that the 
Bultan, who la
ly saw her by acciùent at her fa.ther's h( luse, de- 
clared, "ithout hesitation, his determiuation to marry hel.; but 
the viÚer; instead of receiving the honor of his master's alliance 
with joy, begged leaxe to decline it. The haughty sultan, in re- 
vcnge, has sought out the meanest and most deformed of his slaves, 
and compclled the vizier to give hil:ì loyely daughter to him in mar- 
riage. The nuptial ceremonies are now celebrating; and the' 
most perfect beauty ill the world, will, this night, 
 devoted to a 
base groom, hump-backed, crooked, and ugly Leyond imagiuation, 
unless we interpose, and put this young man ill his .111ace. 
" Agreed," replied the genie; "1 will convey this youth to Cairo, 
and conduct him through the business of the cvening; my power 
will then cease, and I mu:st leave you to finish the advcnture." 
Accordingly, the genie lifted uþ Bedridden gently, and with in- 
conceivable swiftness can'ied him through the air, and set him 
down at the door of the bagnio, ""hence IIunchhack was to corne 
with a train of slaves. Bedreddin awakened at that moment; and 
seeing such a variety of strange ohjects around him, waB about to 
cry out, i-hen the gënie touched l1Ïm on the sh0ulder and forbade 
him to 8}.>cak. Astouishlllent now tied up his tongue. The genie, 
unseen, related to him in a few words for what purpose he was 
brought thither; and putting a torch in his hand, 'Join," said he, 
"the bridal train, place yourself at the right hand of the bride- 
groom, anù when you enter the hall, distribute the tsequi118 you 
have in your bosom very liberally among the musicians and dancers, 
but still more bountiful to the female slaves that are about the 
bride'; nor fear the money will fail, for you will find your purse 
continue full. Preserye a perfect pret::\ellcc of milld; carry 
everything with an air of authority; and leave the rest to a greater 
power who will assist you." 
Bedreddin obeyed very exactly the directions of his invisible 
patron. He joined the throng, entered the hall, and took the place 
of the bridegroom. His fine figure attracted every eye, and his 
generosity gained him the good opinion of every attelldant. The 
bride was no less t;truck with his appearance; and when, accord- 
ing to the custom of the Arabians, she canle to present herself to 
h('r husband seven times, in as many -different splendid habits, 
ho 
passed by unnoticed the hateful Hunchback, and approached the 
agreeable stranger as her brideg-room. 



88 


AIL\.ßl.AX 
IGBTS' 


The usual ceremonies being over, the bride withdrew to her 
chamber, attended by her women. The company and attendants 
also retired; Bedreddin only remained in the room with Hunch- 
back. Ignorant and stupid as this wretched n
llow was, he could 
Dot but observe that Bcdreddin had received the distinctions due 
to the husband of the Beautiful Lady; and finding him stay when 
everyone else had withdrawn, he cried out, in an angry and 
peremptory tone, for him to be gone. 
BedredJin hM.d uo pretence to loiter any longer; he the
efore 
withdrew. Bnt before he reached the porch, another unseen in- 
structor stopped him. This was the fairy; who bade him return 
to the hall, ,; w hf'l'e," continued she, "you will no more find Hunch- 
back, but the Lridemaids come to conduct the bridegroom to his 
bride. Present yourselves to them in that character; and when 
they have led you to the lady, boldly assure her that the 
ultan 
never intended to sacrifice so Dluch beauty and merit to that base 
slave, 1mt meant ouly to punish the vizier by the apprehension of 
such disgrace. Avow yourself the bridegroom intended for her; 
she will gia.dly listen to you, and receive you accordingly." 
Bedreddin pursued these instructions. lIe found the :t3eautiful 
Laùy overcome with fear find grief, eXI,ecting with abhorrence the 
frightful groom. Her joy, therefore, was immoderate when she 
saw the handsome stranger approach and declare himself her llU
- 
band. They retired to the bedroom, where Bedreddin pulled oft' 
his turban and other clothes, and went to bed in his shirt and 
drawers. 
In the interntl, the genie had disposed of Hunchback. "\Yhile 
he wm
 waiting the return of the briùesmaiùs, the gpnie came to 
him in the shape of a great cat, fearfully m
wing; the fellow 
clapped his hands at her to drIve her away, but she stared at 
him with fierce and sparkling eyes, nlCwing still more, and in- 
creasing in size, till 8he became as big as a jackass, and then chan- 
ging iuto a buffalo, exclaimed: "Thou hunchback villain, how hast 
thou dared to marry my mistress 1" Hunchback, ter rifled heyond 
measure: 1::,Og:l11 to mutter some excuse, when the genie took him 
l)y the legs, aud setting him against the wall with his head down- 
ward, enjoined him not to speak n. word, or move from that pos- 
ture till sunrisc: as he valued l1Ís life. 
In the morning, at daybreak, the fairy took up Bedreddin, and 
cOll\eyed him, in his Ehirt and drav. er8, to the gates of Damascus, 



E
TERT AINJ-IENTS. 


89 


where she laid him down, still asleep. Soon flft
r, the p!ople be. 
gan to gather about him; all admired the beauty of his person, 
while some with scoffs, and others with concern, expressed their 
wonder at finding him lying almost naked on the ground. 
Tbeir noise awakened him
 and on hi::! sta.rting up, he was sur- 
prised to find himself surrouuded by a crowd, at the gate of a city. 
He inquired where he wa
, and was astonished when told he "as 
at the gates of Damascus. " ::;ure, you mock me," exclaimed he : 
"when I lay down to Bleep; I was at Cairo." The by::-tandera 
laughing still more, he increased their vociferous ridicule by de- 
claring he had passed the preceding day at Balsora. 
1'he8e .apparent absurdities lU.1de the people suppose him mad. 
A great concourse gathered round him, and followed him into the 
city; some sneering at him, others pitying. At length, one of the 
crowd took him into his protection. This man had formerly been 
captain of a banditti. but was now become a pastt'y-cook in Damas- 
cus; where, though he behayed well, everybody stood in awe of 
him. He dispersed the crowd, and taking Bedreddin home, he 
furnished him with clothes and refreshments. 
To this kind protector the unfortunate young man repeated his 
story in prin1te, requesting afterward his addce. '
There are," 
repiied the pastry cook, " some things so incredible in your narra- 
tiye, that, though my good opinion of you inclines me to belieye it, 
few ot.hers will. At any rate, you cannot safely return either to 
Balsora or Cairo. Be content, therefore, for a time, to forget 
your birth, and take refuge in my 
ouse. I will adopt you for my 
son; no oue then will d"are to insult you; and you may continue 
with me in perfect security, till some fortunate event shall re:;tore 
you to your dignity." Beùreddin reluctantly consented. He 'Tas 
legally adopted by the pa!)try-cook. who taught him his trade, and 
at his death left him his heir. 
rhe son of the vizier, for some 
years, earned a scanty maintenance by pursuing this humble em- 
ploy meLt. 
At Cairo, all these events produced very serious embarrassments. 
'Vhen the ðaughter of Schemseddin awoke in the morning. and 
missed her hUtSband, she supposed he had risen softly, for fear of 
,disturbing her. She arose, also, and presently her father came to 
viÚt her. SchemEeddin expected to find his daughter in the deer 
e8t sorrow; but as t:;he received him in a manner expressive 01 
gat hfaction, he co
ld not restrain himself from reproaching heI. 



90 


ARA.BIAN NIGHTS' 


" Is it thus you receiye me, wretched girl," exclaimed he," after 
haying been prostituted to the embraces of a vile groom 1" "How, 
my father," replied she," are you yet in ignorance respecting my 
mn.rriage 1 The sultan was too just to sacrifice me to the horrid 
Hunchback; he sent a most amiable youth for my husband, who 
cannot be far off, as his clothes are here." 
The vizier withdrew in haste, to seek his unknown son-in-la,v. 
The first object he saw was Hunchback, remaining in the posture 
he was placed in by the genie. He spoke to him, but received no 
answer; he therefore put down his legs and rail:5ed him up. As 
soon as the groom fdt his feet, he ran to the palace, without thank- 
ing his delivm'er, determined to complain to the sultan of the 
mortifications be had reüeived. 
The vizier inquired in vain for the bridegroom; he returned, 
therefore. to his daughter's hed-chamber, and examining the cluthes 
and turban of his son-in-law wit,h much attention, he found the 
pocket-book wbich N oureddin Ali had given to his son on his 
death-bed. Schemseddin illstantly knew his brother's handwriting; 
and seeing the super8cription of the book, " For my son, Bedreddin 
Hassan," he gave a. shout, anà swooned away. 
On his recovery, he said, " Daughter, be not alarmed at this ac- 
cident; your bridegroom is your cousin, the son of my brother, 
:N oureddin .Ali, the cause of whose leaving Cairo you have often 
heard me deplore; a wonderful providence has now united you to 
his son/' In the book, all the circumstances of their disagreement 
. 
were related by 1\ oureddin; the purse also, with the J ow's memo- 
randum in it, wa
 found, relating the bargain he had made with 
.Bedreddin at the time he paid him that money; so that there re- 
mained no possibility of doubt that the husband of the Beautiful 
Lady was really her father's nephew. 
Schemseddin took the pocket-book and purse, and requested an 
audience of his master. The affronted prince still retained nls anger 
against his vizier; and Hunchback being about to relate what had 
befallen him, the sultan ordered his minister admission, with an iu- 
tent to mortify him. When the groom had finished his account, 
the prince demanded, with an air of indignation, an explanation of 
this llew insult, Schemseddin besought his nmster's patient hear 
ing; he then related his conversation and quarrel with Noureddin, 
and producing the purse and the pocket-book, showed that the con- 
tract made by him and his brother had been completed. 



EXTERTADr)1E
"'Te. 


91 


The first transports of the sultan's fury had subsided; he was now 
Iùore calm. lIe examined the vouchers, and heard tho account of 
Hunchback as well as the vizier; he then began to think there must 
be some supernatural interposition in the affair, which it did not be- 
come him to oppose. lIe dismissed the groom, and became recon- 
ciled to his minister; and haying in vain caused a most diligent 
search to be made for Bedreddin, he caused a relation of the adven- 
ture to be registered among the archives of his kingdom. 
Niue months after these events, the Beautiful Lady was delivered 
of a son, to whom the vizier gave the name of Agib, or wonderful. 
,\Yhen little Agib became of a proper age to receive instruction, 
the vizier sent him to a school where the sons of the prinoipal peo- 
ple were educated. Agib inherited the beauty of his pal'enb:!!, and 
thence, as well as out of respect to his grandfather, was treated with 
great indulgence. II is faults were suffered to pass unnoticed; even 
his whims were gratified. This absurd complaisance of course 
spoiled the boy; he became i1.180lent and overbearing; he hardly 
behaved with decency to his master; but his schoolmates, every 
one in turn, "ere treated with contempt or outrage, as occasion 
arose to offend him, till at length he became heartily hated by then1 
all. 
The master saw this behavior with concern, and determined to 
humble him. By his instruction, when the scholars were all to- 
gether at þlay, one of them cried out, " Before we choose our sport, 
let us agree that everyone shall tell the nan1es of his father and 
mother, and whoever cannot do that, 
hall be considered as a bas- 
tard and not. suffered to play with us." All agreed to this, and 
Agib among the rest. The others auswered readily to the proposer 
who examined them; and when he came to Agib, he replied, "My 
mother is called the Lady of Beauty, and my father is Schemseddin, 
'Vizier to the sultan." 
" Not so," replied the examiner; "Schemseddin is not your fa- 
ther, but your grandfather." "How," cried Agib, in a rage, "dare 
you say thttt Schemseddin is not my father?" "N OJ no," said they 
all, laughing, "he is not your father: and till you can tell us who 
he is, 
e will not let you play with us." They then left him, with 
scoffing and derision. Agib hastened to the master with complaints, 
l)ut was still more mortified when he confirmed the sarcasm of his 
fichoolfellows, and advised him, on that account, to behave to them 
with less haughtiness for the future. 



92 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


The saucy 
pÎ1'it of the proud boy could not bròok this. He fled 
home to his mother, and for a time was unable to speak to her from 
pas
on. 'Vhell he had eX1>lained to her the cau
e of his agitatif\n, 
she mingled her tears 'with his, overcome with affliction for the loss 
of his father. At this juncture, the vizier chanced to l)ay his daugh- 
ter a visit, and being told the cause of their grief, he shared it with 
them. :K or was this sorrow, thus acèidentally revi yed, váthout ma- 
terial effect. The vizier determined to go himself to TIalsora, in 
search of bis nephew; and having obtained the sultan's permission 
he set out with a splendid retinue, accompanied by the Beautiful 
Lady and his grandson. 
After a journey of twenty days, they dre,,, near Damascus. The 
face of the country being very beautiful, Schemseddin determined 
to rest there two or three clays. To ayoid the fatigue and ceremony 
of visiting the governor, he caused his tents to be pitched at a short 
distance from the city. 'Ybile the yizier reposed, his attendants 
went, a few at a time, to view Damascus. Their reports excited 
the curiosity of Agib, which Schemseddin permitted him to indulge, 
under the care of Schaban, chief of the black eunuchs. 
The handsome features and graceful demeanor of the boy drew 
everyone's attention; and before he had proceeded far in the city, 
80 many people followed to admire him, that the crowd became 
troublesome. At this instant they came to the shop where Bedred- 
din carried on the humLle occupation of a pastry-cook; his atten- 
tion being excited by the crowd, he went to the door, when the 
Bight of Agib affected him unaccounta.bly. '1'he force of nature im- 
pelled this tender father, unknown to himself; he entreated the 
child, with tears in his eyes, and uncommon earnestness, to enter hi
 
Bhop, and accept of some of his pastry. Little Agib was moved 
,,,,'itb his behavior, and f'ignified his desire to comply. '1'he eunuch 
at first opposed this, as an unbecoming condescension; but the en- 
treaties of Bedreddin, and the anIloyance of the crowd, induced him 
at last to consent. 
Bedreddin received them with great joy; and taking a cream- 
tart out of the oven, he strewed it with pomegranate kernels anå 
Bugar, and set it before them. Agib and the eunuch ate of thE tart, 
and praised it exceedingly. 'Yhile Bedreddin gazed on the child 
w
th inexpressible tenderness, a thought arose, that possibly he 
nnglrt be the father of such a child, by the charming wife from 
whom he was 
o cruelly separated. 1'his idea increased hi8 con- 



ENTEllTAIKME
TS. 


93 


cern; he could not restrain his tears: and began to ask tbe child a 
variety of questions, with so much emotion that the eunuch became 
alarmed at his behavior. As soon as Agib had done eating, and 
t,he crowd were dispersed, Sclmban led him away, and returned im- 
mediately to the tents. 
Bedreddin, lil:5telling to the impulse within him, followed them. 
"\Vhen they drew near the camp, Schaban, turning round, saw him, 
and became exceedingly frightened, lest the vizier should know he 
had permitted Agib to enter a common shop. He mentioned these 
apprehensions to the child, who, giving way to his usual insolence, 
caught up a stone, which he threw at Bedreddin, and hurt him se- 
verely. The unfortunate pastry-cook, wounded by a child he felt 
so much fondness for, and threatened by the eunuch, gave up a 
pursuit which he had no deci
ive purpose in beginning, and re. 
turned to his habitation, afflicted and disconsolate. 
The day following, Schemseddin proceeded on his journey to Ba]. 
eora. He soon found out the widow of N oureddin AU, but his in. 
Cjuiries after Bedreddin Ali were unsuccessful; the vizier, therefore, 
a.ftar a short stay, gave up all hope, and prepared to return to Qairo. 
As a mutual esteem had taken place between the Lady of Beauty 
and the widow of K oureddin Ali, the vizier prevailed with her to 
accompany them. "\Vhen they reached Damascus. the whole reti- 
nue pitched their tents as before, to enjoy a few days' rest, before 
they continued their journey. 
'Vhile they remained there, Agib recollected the pastry-cook 
whom he had used so roughly, and requested Schaban to go into 
the city with him, to see him again. They found him still employed 
ill making tarts; and Bedreddin, notwithstanding the ill treatment 
he had received, felt the same emotions of tenderne
s for Agib. lIe 
ran to him, and would have embraced him, but the Loy pushed him 
aside; yet Bedreddin pressed him to enter his shop. Agib replied, 
" There is an excess in the kindness you express; unless you will 
promise not to follow me when we go from hence, I will not enter 
your house; but if you I1}ake and observe this promise, I will visit 
you again to-morrow." Bedreddin consented, and Agib with Scba. 
ban went in: and were plentifully supplied with cream-tart, which 
they ate with much satisfaction. 
Evening drawing on, Agib and hie governor took leave of their 
friendly pastry-cook, and returned to the tents. The widow of 
Nouredlin, who had become pas&ionately fond of her gl.andson, 



!:II 


AR\lHAN NIGHT
' 


received him with great affection; and as it was supper-time, sho 
took him into her tent, and set before him a. cream-tart: which she 
had just been inaking. Agib tasted it, but as he haù eaten so lately 
be left it almost whole; on which his grandmother saiù to biw, 
"Does my child despise the work of my hauds? know," continued 
she, "there is no one in the world can make such a crpam-tart, Le- 
sides myself and your father Bedreddin Hassan, whom I mys(,Jf 
taught to make them." "Excuse me: 11ladam," replied Agib, 
,
 There is a pastry-cook in Dama
cus who makes much beth:)1'; we 
have just come from eating some of his, which are inimitable." 
The'lady hearing this, became incensed against Schaban for pre- 
suming to suffer her grandchild to eat in a pastry-cook's shop like 
a beg
ar. She reported the matter immediately to Schemsedd in, 
who, still more enraged: sent for the eunuch, and demanded how 
he dared be guilty of so heinous an offence 1 Schaban stiffly de- 
nied the charge; but the child averring it to be true, the \'izier 
ordered the eunuch to eat the tart, which Agib had refused; this 
he pretended to do readily, but was obliged to leave off, when he 
had swallowed a mouthful or two. The vizier convinced of his 
guilt; ordered him the bastinado, when he confessed the t1'uth, and 
addcd, that the tart was much better than that made by the lady. 
'1'he widow of N oureddin Ali felt herself piqued. She sent im- 
mediately for one of those tarts, which, when she had tasted, she 
cried out, " It must be my son, my dear Bedreddin, who made this 
tart. I make them in a peculiar manner, which I never taught to 
anyone but him; and as this is so made, I have no douht but he 
was the maker of it." 
Schemseddin received this account- with the highest satisfaction; 
yet fearful of a disappointment, he requested the ladies to restrain 
their impatience, and leave the management of the affair to him. 
"I \
ill contrive to bring this pastry-cook hither," continued he, 
" and you will, no doubt, recognize him, if it is really Bedr
ddin '; 
but even if it is so, I will by no means introduce him to you, till 
we arrive at Cairo." The ladies at first demurred but the vizier 
. , 
assuring them he had good reason for this l'esolution, they acqui- 
esced. 
Ea
ly in the morning, Schemseddin applied to the governor of 
the city for leave to carry his scheme into execution, acquainting 
him at the same time with the motjveB of his conduct, 
tl1e gov-. 
ernor readily agreed; when Schemseddin detached fifty of hi
 



EXTERT A IX:\IEXTS. 


ff5 


attendant
, properly instructed, to the shop of his Bon-in.law. As 
Boon as these men arrived there, they began to break in pieces the 
}11ates, tables, aud pans, with the utIllOst violence. The astonished 
Bedreddin cried out to know the reason of such ill treatment. 
"1Yas it 110t yon," said one of them, "who sold us a cream-tart 
last night 1" "Yes," rcplied the pastry-cook," and I am sure 110 
one could ha.ve sold you a better." .At these words, the men re- 
newed their outrages, and having destroyed everything til
Y could 
find, seized Bedredùin, bound him, and led him away prisoner. 
His neighbors would have interposed in his beb. Lut at the in- 
stant, Bome of the governor's officers arrived, and disperse.d them; 
so that the unfortunate pastry-cook, notwithstanding his cries and 
tearE, was carried off. 
1Vhen they returned to the tents, they produced their prisoner 
to the vizier, who, àtfecting mnch anger, said, "1Vretch, was it not 
you who made the cream-tart which was brought me last night 1" 
" I own I am the man," replied nedreddin. "It shall cost you 
y(mr life, then," said the vizier, " for daring to send me RO bad a 
tart" " Alas !" replied the prisoner," boW long has it been a 
capital offence to make indifferent pastry? yet I am sure the t3,rt 
was as good as could be made." 
During this discourse, the ladies who were concealed, had a full 
,dew of Bedredùin, and instantly knew him, notwithstanding his 
long absence. They were so transported with joy, that it was 
with difficulty thoy could restrain themselves from, running into 
the tent and embracing him; Lut their promise to the vizier ob- 
li
ed them to subdue tho
e tender emotions of lo\'e and of nature. 
Schemseddin haying so unexpectedly succeeded in his interest- 
ing inquiry, set out without delay for Cairo, carrying Bedreddin 
with him as a prisoner. 'Vhen he arrived at his palace, he caused 
his nephew to be brought before him, and gave orders to a car- 
penter, in his presence, to prepare a stake to nail him to. "Alas! 
sir," exclaimed the prisoner, :, whrrt have I done to deserve so se. 
"ere a punishment 1" "Yillain," replied the vizier, "did you not 
send me a cream-tart without any pepper in it 1" "Is that the 
r('
sûn/' exclaimed Bedreddin," that I have been treated so se- 
verely; håve my goods been destroyed, myself made a prisone-r, 
and led away many days' journey from my h.ome, am I now to b" 
be put to a cl'uel death; and all this for not putting pepper into a 
cream-tarS? Are thesE:' the actions of Mussulmans, of per
on8 



96 


A I
ABIAN NIGHTS' 


professing probity and justice? N ever was man useù so barba.- 
rously; cursed be all cream-tarts, and the hour in which IlearneJ 
to make them." "It is now night," said the vizier; "btke him 
away, I will not put him to death till to-morrow; when I will 
make him an example to all base pastry-cooks." Sayin
 this, he 
made signs to his attendants, who led the prisoner away to an 
apartment provided for him. 
At the time of his daughter's marriage, after the bridegroom 
had been so marvel10usly taken away, Schemseddin had not only 
secured the c les of his Bon-in-Iaw, but had taken an account of 
the situation of C\Terything in the bridal apartments. To this he 
now referred, and caused them to be fitted up exactly as they were 
on that night. The bridal throne was erected, the numerous wax 
lights lit up, and Bedreddin's clothes, turban, and purse of sequins, 
were disposed as he had then placed them. These matters being 
adjusted, the vizier instructed his daughter in what manner he 
would have her receive her husband, when he entered her cham- 
ber; and then dismissed her to retire thither. 
Bedreddin, though overwhelmed with grief, being exceedingly 
fatigued, had undressed himself and gone to bed; where he soon 
fell into a sound sleep. In this state the vizier's servants convey- 
ed him to the bridal hall, where they Bet him down and withdrew, 
except one, who continued shaking him till he was awakened, 
when he also retired suddenly, Bedreddin looked about him with 
astonishment. lIè remembered distinctly the hall. He approached 
the chamber, and saw his clothes as he had left them on the w,ed- 
ding night. He rubbed his eyes and exclaimed, " Good heavens! 
am I awake or not 1" 
At this instant the Lady of Beauty, who had observed his em- 
barrassment, openpd the curtains and said," l\Iy dear lord, will 
you not return to bed again 1 'Vhy do you stay at the door 1" 
Bedreddin on this entered the chamber, and perceiyed the lady 
who spoke to him was the same charming woman who l.ad ac- 
cepted him for her husband. His heart leaped for joy at the diR- 
covery; yet recollecting all that had befallen him during the laRt 
ten years, he was silent. After pausing awhile, he exam:ned his 
clothes and purse, which he knew immediately; his astoni
hmer.t 
redoubled. At last, going up to the lady, "
Iadam," said he, 
"llOw long is it since I left yon !" "Did you not rise from me just 
1" I . d h 
now. rep Ie B e, "surely your thoughts are very bURY!" "
Iy 
thoughts," said Bedrcddin, "are not 'Very em;y. I rempmber: in 



E
TERT \1

1E
T
. 


C þ '!' 
,1, 


deed, to han
 Ù'.
en marrierl to you; JllIt ::-:illeû tlwn I hfl\-e lived 
ten years at Damascus: 1 fonnd my
('] f a.lm()
t uaked at the gate 
of that city, and being immlted by the moh
 I H('(] to a, pastr:.
- 
cook; who adoptcd me. taup;ht me his trade, and made me his h('ir. 
I have passed through a variety of arln'ntnr('s, anù have re(nnl
ll 
here in good time, as they Wf'l'e jw;t going to hail ml; to a stake." . 
"Ala.s! for what enormous crime/' replieù th0 1 <',':ly, "was you 
to be treated 80 be\"erely 1" "For no crimp, " s
l,id Ueùreddin; "I 
had my goods destroyed, myself taken rri
oJJ.o':'-, and was at Im;t 
threatened with this terrible death, for selling a bad tart." " Y Oll 
luve, indeed, .awoke in good tifile," said the Beantiful Lady; 
" they surely did you great illjustiee; but return to your bed, and 
try if you cannot drearn more ploa
alltly." 
Though Bedreddin rcjoiced cxceedingly at finding again his 
lovely briùe, yet he could not compose himl:'clf to 1'e::;t. The recol- 
lection of what he had passed throngh for so many years, was too 
strong to be overcome by the idea of its having been a dream. 
On the other hand, as oftcn as he withdrew the curtains, and looked 
ahout the room, he was convinced tbat he was ill the bridal cham- 
her. lIe had not yet recovered his perplexity, when the morning 
appeared; and t'hortly after Schemseddin entered thl) apartment, 
and hade him and the Lady of Beauty good-morrow. At the 
ight 
of a man whom he lately beheld with 80 much terror, Bedreddin 
was much moved, aud it convinced him that his adventures had not 
existed in imagination only. " .Ah !" exclaimed 11(' to Schel11seddin, 
"it was you who condemned me so unjustly to a death I yet shud- 
der to think of, for making a cream-tart without pepper." 
The vizier ran to him and embraced him, laugh ing; he then re 
lated to him those circumstances with which Bedredclen was ac 
luainted; he intr
duced him to the widow of N onreddin Ali, and 
.ittle Agih, who no longer fled from the caresscs of his father. The 
joy Bedreddin rel t in finding himself surrounded by so many persons t 
lcscrvcdly dear to him, made him ample amends for hi!:; past suf. 

ering, and ill their 1elovcd society he passed pleaFiantly the 1'e- 
llilinder of his life. 
'l'he caliph IIaroun Alra
chid was so well pleased with this sin. 

lar story, that he l,ardoned the indiscreet slave of Giafarj and to 
:,Omf01.t ti e unfortunate young man who had so raslùy murdered 
he 1::u1y, he gav:) him one of his slaves to wife, and received him 
:lto his servic... 


5 



Ð
 


AR.\DI.\N 1'\lGHT-;' 


THE STORY OF AI.\DDIN, OR THE WONDERFL'I. LA '\IP. 
In the capital of China there liyed a tailor named 
In
t(lpl:a.
 
w!\O with difficulty earned a maintenance for himsdf, his wife, arid 
f0n, wnose name was ...\!aùdin. 
'.the DOY, though of a sprightly turn L.ll
l b.}Ol1 natural unda.- 
f'tftllJing, was earcleös and idle. As Le grpw .l
 his laÛne
:, in- 
(;reased. lIe was continually loitering am-ong hlackgual'lhi in the 
street j nor could .:\lustapha by any means prC\-ail with him to 
apply hilU!:ielf to 80me ell1{JJoymel1t IIY which he BlIght leaI'll to get 
hi
 bread. 
Thi8 idle dispol:iition of the hoy d
stroyed the Üüher. :Jlustapha, 
finding him incorrigil)le, was 80 much affiitJ...ed, that his grief 
1)rought on a fit of sickness which cost him J: IS life. 
Ahuhlin, being no longer restrained by bis father, indulged his 
indolence to the utmost. lIe \Va
 llot ashamed, though fifteen years 
old, to he 
npl'lIrted hy his mother's labor, yet ceased to pay 
l1er the respect anù duty of a S011. 
One day a::; he wa..") alllu
ing himself with his companions, a 
stranger, who '.\"as an African magician, passing by, stopped to 
observe Lim. After l'Joking at the youth for SOllie time yery 
earnestly, he inquired among his playmates who he was, and pres- 
ently learced hi8 little history. The wily African then went up to 
him and asked Lim if his father was not called :\lustapha the 
tailor? "lIe was so," replied the boy, "but he has been dead for 
"orne time." l'he magician pretended to hurst into tears at this 
account, lIe embraced Aladdin, and told him he was the brother 
to his fath{'l' j then inquiring where his mother lived, he gave the lad 
a handful of slllalllUoucy, and bade him tell her he would come 
t:J1d sup with her. 
Aladdin ran home to hili mothf'T, and rclated to her all the par- 
t:cu.lars. The old woman told him that she ne\ er heard his father 
talk of a brot11
r j hut as the f(tranger had trea.;.
d him 80 kindly, 
and given him money enough to provide a supper, she would make 
ready to receive }1Ím. ]n the e\"cuing the new rel
_ttioll came, aw] 
embraeing the widow of )llI
tarha, shed many l.)arf!, lamelJtilJf 
that he Laù not arrived sooncr that he might have <::een his l)rotù
r 
He then produced k;ome fine fruitt5 and wine
, allJ thC'y sat dowll t( 
t:l1pl'e:r. 
Du,áng their meal the magician pretended to admire _I\.h:d,Jjl 
much. "lIe must be very like what his father was nt l.is age/ 



EXTERTÅJ
:\IE
T;::;. 


9
 


said be; "for though it is forty years since I left my nath"e 
country, my love for my Lrother kept his features in my mind, and 
1 recollectrd thenl the instant I saw him':' Then turning to Alad- 
din, he a
ked him what trade he had chosen 1 .Aladdill, w ho wa
 
m.hamed (If his not being able to fin6wcr 
uch a qucstion, hung 
down his head and Llu
hed; but h is mother replied that he "as au 
idle fellow, who would dl) nothing but loHer ill the strects; alld 
went on 
iving him the character he de
ern'(l. 
Aladdin was covered with confusion at his mother's report of 
hipl; and the magician adùed to hi
 coueern hy hlaming him 
se\""erely. lIe recolllmended to the young man that he should apply 
himself to traffic. "I;' said he, "can in<;;trnct you how to Luy your 
goods. I will take a shop, and furni,h it for you with stuff8 anù 
lillf'ns. These I will give you to b<>gin \\ ith, if you will prmnise 
to be diligent." Aladdin did not W:lut sense tbough he hated 
work; he knew that the keepers of such shOI)S were re:-;pected ; he 
accepted therefore his new uncle's offer with great thankfulness. 
1'h(' day following the magician ca.lled upou tl1CIU again early. 
lIe took _\.laddin out"'" ith him, and gave him Imnd::;ome clothes, 
8uitahle to the station of a ruerchallt; he put 
ome IHoney also in his 
pocket, and made a treat for some principal merchants, on purpose 
to introduce his lwetellùcd nephew to them. ..Aladùin and his 
mother were by these means completely deceÌ\"cd. They never 
doubted but the man who heaped 80 lllauy favors upon them" as 
really their near relation, ånd blessed Providence fur their good 
furtune ill being found out 11Y him. 
The magician contiuued caressing them till he had obtained full 
p08session of their confidenee. One evening at supp('r, he said to 
his pretended sisfer-in-Iaw. Ie I am thinking, as to-morrow "ill be 
:Friùay, to take Aladdin and show him the gardens out of town 
"here the gentry walk; and a:::; he has neyer been there, and })rolJ- 
ably win like to see them all, I will take some refreshments" ith us, 
and we ,,..ill !ft)t return till night." To this IH"opùsal Aladdin a!lí} 
his nlOther consented with great l)lea
ure. 
In the morning, the }-OUllg man, drc:3sed in all his new finery, at- 
tended the magician accordingly. He took him to thc gardens 
belonging to the iumptuous palaces of the nobility, which were 

itunted out of the city. Aladdin, hadng never seen al1Jthing 80 
e1egant, ",as highly delighted. His fabe uncle drew him by de- 
grees beyond them, into tbe champaign that led to the mountain
 


- 



100 


AHAlllAN NIGHTS 


amusing him all thc way 'with pleasant stories, intermixed witb 
advicc to drop his boyi
h acquaintaucc, and couverse y;ith men. 
Aladdin, though well plcascd with this discourse, Legan to tire, which 
the magician pcrcei\"ing, propo
ed that they !Should sit down and 
rcst. lIe then Pl'Odll
èd a parcel of cakes alid sweetIll'3ats, and 
gave thc lad as ;nany a,s he chose, aftor whieh they purr-ucd their 
walk. 
At length they C
1rnl} to n, ,-alley which separated two mounbLÏns 
of considerable height.. The magician told Aladdin he would show 
him some things vcry extraordinary. He directed him to g'lther a 
rarcel of dry sticks aud kindle a fire; whieh being dOllc, the 
..I.\.frican cast a perfulllc in it, and pronounced certain magic31 
words; immedia, tcly a grc-at smoke arose, after which the earth 
trcmblcd a little, amI opening, discovered a stone about half a yard 
84. uare . Aladdin was so frightened at what he saw, that he would 
have run away; but the magician catching hold of him, gave hin1 
so violcnt a blow that it knocked him down. 
The youth arose, and with tearR in his eyes, asked bis E'upposed 
uncle what he bad done to mcrit sùch severity. The African's 
.Úew was to make the hoy stand in awe of him, that he might 
without hesitation obey his orders, and execute what hc had for 
lIÏm to do. He chid him therefore for his want of resolution and 
confidence in him, whom he ought to consider as his second father. 
He then began to talk to him with his usual affability. "There is 
hidden," said he, "under that stone an immense trefiSure, which you 
may possess if you carefully observe my instructions. Aladdin 
IH'omit:\ed the most exact obedience. l'he magician embraced him, 
and putting a ring on his finger, bade him pronounc3 the name of 
his father and grandfather, and raise up the stone. Aladdin did as 
he was directed; and notwithstanding its immense size, he 1.e1l10ved 
UIO stone with great ease, and discovered a hole several feet deep, 
and steps to descend lo\\'er. 
t, Observe," saiù the African, "what I am O"oinO' 1!b sa j T to Y ou. 
N b b 
ot only the possession of the treasure, but your life itself will 
depend on your punctual attention. Though I hay,=, opened this 
ca.ve, I am forbidden to ('uter it; that honor is permitted only to you. 
Go down holdly then. You will find at the bottom of these 
tC{)S, 
th t h II . >- 
rec grea a s, III each of which you will see a Iãrge numher 
of coffers full of gold and silver. Be sure you do not meddle wíth 
thcm; nor must you suffer your very clothes to touch the walls 



E
TERTADDIEXT:3. 


101 


If JOu do, you will instantly perish. \Vhcn you are through thef,o 
hnlls, you will come to a garden. Here you will 1e perfectly 
safe, and may handle anything you scc. .At the further end of i
 
you will find a lamp, burning in a. niche. Ta.ke that lamp dowL, 
throwaway the wick, pour out the liquor, anù put the lamp in 
your bosom to bring to me." 
A.la.ddin obeyed exactly his supposed uncle. lIe \Veut through 
tbe halls with as much precaution ê.
s the fear of death could inspire. 
He crosHed the garden, secured the lamp ill his LÙI;OIn, and then 
began to look about with ea.se and compo::;ure. He found the 
trees were loaded with fruits of many colon;'{. Transparent, white, 
red, green, Llue, I'urple, aHd yellow. The transparent were dia- 
mouds; the white, pearls; the I'ed, rubies; the green, emeraldH; 
the blue, turquoises; the pur}Jle, tlmcthYbts; and the. yellow, sap- 
phires. ..\11 the
e fruits were large, and ullcommolily 1Jeautiful. 
Aladdill, though he knew nothing of tlwir value, \'fa::; Jet much 
plealSed with them; and a:3 he had Leen told he might safèly 
nlCddle "ith anything in the garden, he filleù his pockets with 
some of each sort, and even crammed as lllany as he could into 
his bosom. lIe then returned through the halls with the same 
precaution as before; and having ascended the steps, he called out 
to hi
 uncle to assibt him with his hand, and pull him out of the 
cave. 
Nothing could be further from the intention of the magician than 
to deliver A.laddin from the cave. lIe had found by his books 
that there was 
uch a lamp concealed in a subtcrrallcuus ahode i', 
China. which would render the possessor 1110re powerful than any 
prince in the world; but as he was not permitted to enter the 
place himself, h'1 TPsolved thprrfore to scduce :;;ome friendlcs
 boy 
to fetch him the wondcrful talisman, and having gaiupd it, to shut 
up thE' ca,ye, and lea,'e him to hi
 fate. '\
heu .A.laddin thcrefore 
called out for his a
si8tance, he called as loudly for the lamp. The 
young man would have readily given it to him, if he bad not buried 
it in hiB bosom by the quantity of jewcls he had put over it; and 
being ashamed to own that, he entreated his supposed ullcle to help 
him out, and he would deìivel' it to hin) immediately, 
The dil5pute had la;:;ted a short time. aHd ncither of them were 
disposed to give way, when the magieian turned his head 
u
rl saw 
fSon.:.e of the inhabitants of the city were entering the valley. 
'ear 
ùf being di:.-covcred by them, and rage at the obstinacy of the young 



102 


AUABIAN :KIG HTS' 


man, overcame every other consideration, He pronouncod twc 
magical words which replaced the stone, and closed the earth. By 
this means he lost all hope of obtaining the lamp, since it was for 
ever out of his power to open the cave again, or to teach other8 
how to do it. But he gratified his l'evenge on the author of his 
disappointment, by delivering up .Aladdin, as he supposed, to cer 
tain death. He set off immediately for his own country, taking 
care not to return to the city, lest he should ùe que
tioneJ resvect- 
rug his I'reteuded nephew. 
Aladdin was exceedingly terrified to find himt:-;elf thus buried 
alive. lIe cried out, and called to his uncle, offering to give him 
the lamp i -nmediately; but it was too late. As the cave was en- 
tirely dark, he thought of returning through the halls into the gar. 
den, which was light: but here also he was disappointed. The 
door, which had Leen opened by enchantment, being now shut. 
In this state he continued two days; when in an agony of dis. 
tress, he clasped his hand together, and rubbed the ring the magi 
cian had put upon his finger, and which in his hurry to obtain the 
lamp, he had entirely forgotten to take away. Immediately an ('nor- 
mous genie rose out of the earth, with a torch in his hand, which 

lluminated the cave as though the Aun had shone in it, and ::;aid to 
him, " "That wouldst thou? I am ready to obey thee as thy slave, 
while thou wearest that ring; I, and the other slaves of the r
ng." 
At another time ,Aladdin would have been terrified to death at 
such an appearance; but despair gave him courage. lIe replied 
rapidly, " I charge you, by the ring, if you are 
ble, to release me 
from this place." I [e had no sooner spoken than the earth opened; 
the genie lifted him up to the Burt'we, and immediately disap- 
peared, the earth closing again at the same instant. 
..A.ladùin l'ejoiced greatly at his deliverance, and found his way 
110111e without much difficulty; but so agitated by his past terrors, 
and fa.int for want of sustenance, that it was some time before he 
could relate the particulars of his adventure. His mother con 
gratulated him on his esca p e from such imminent danO"er and was 
o , 
not sparing of her execrations against the treacherous impostor 
WllO led him into it. 
The next morning when Aladdin got up he was Tery hungl'Y: 
and called upon his mother for some breakfast. "Alas! child," 
she 8aid, " I ha\Te been ISO distressed on your account, that I havp 
apt been able to <10 any work these two days; so that I have n; 



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ENTERTAIKl\IE
TS. 


103 


moncy to buy any provision; and all I had in the house, you ate 
yeRterday. Eut, continued she," here is the lamp you "brought 
horne, Bnd which hac11ike to cost you your life; it seems to be a 
very good one. I will clean it; and I dare say it will sell for 
mOlley enough to keep us until I have spun some more cotton." 
Saying this, she took some sa.nd, and began to rub it, when in an 
instant a genie of gigantic size stood before her: and said,
' \Yhat 
wouldst thou? I am readÿ to obey thee as thy slave; the slave 
of all those 'who hold that la,mp in their hand
; I and the other 
sla.ves of the lamp." 
.Alac1ùiu's mother swooned a.way at the sight of the genie; but 
her son, who had once before seen such another, caught the lamp 
out of her hand, and said, " I mn hungry, bring me something to 
eat presently." The genie disappeared; and presently returned 
with a large I:.'ilver basin, containing twelve covered l'lates of the 
same metal, all full of the choicest dainties, 'With six white loavcs, 
and two bottles of sherbet. Having plac:d these things on the 
table, he disappeared. 
"Then Aladùin's mother reeovereè:, she was very much pleas
d 
to see such a plenty of nice provisions. She sat down with her 
6011, and they feasted abundantly. \Vhen they had done, the old 
lady inquired what had passed between the genie and her son, 
while she was in her swoon. 
On being inform
d that her rubbing the lamp had caused the 
genie to appear, she protested against ever touching it again, and 
earnestly advised her son to sell it. Young as he ",yas, he had mùre 
prudence. He remonstrated with her on the great pains his false 
uncle had taken to procure the talisman; on the use it had now 
been to them, and would no doubt continue to be; as they might 
live comfortably without labor. Lastly, that as he was now used 
to the appearance of genii, he would rub the lamp when he 
wanted anything, at a time when slIe was not in the way. His 
mother answered, that he might do as he pleased; but for her 
part she would have nothing to do with genii. 
The next day, the provisions being all gone, Aladdin took one 
of 
he IJlates, and went to a Jew merchant to sell it. The Jew 
so m perc
ived it was of the pUJ.'est silver, but thinking the owner 
ignorant uf the value, he offered a piece of gold for it. Aladdin 

hought he had made a good ba.rgain; He gave the money to his 
mcthAr, anù they lived upon it in their usual frugal manner, as long 



101 


ARABI.\.N NIGHTS' 


a8 it laEtcd. Aladdin then sold another plate, and so t:l tilt the} 
bad only the basin left; aud tbat being "ery large, the Jew gavc 
bim two pieces for it, which supl'orted thcm a cont:-iderable time. 
1Yhen all the money was spent, Aladdin had recourse again tl 
the lamp, and the genie supplied the table with another sil ,oer Lasin 
and the same number of covered plates equally well filled. 
The provisions being all cunsumed, Aladdin was going, as before, 
with 011e of the plates to the Jew, when he '\\ as called to Ly i.t 
goldsmith, wbo asked him if be had anJthillg to sell. " You go 
often,'i t;aid he, " to that Jew, who is the greatest cheat alllong hi::; i 
)Jrethren; if you deal with him, he will certainly defraud you.'; 
Alaùdin produced his plate, which the goldbmith weip;hed, and 
(:ounteù him down si.xty pieces of gold for it. The YOUllg man 
thanked tbe honest sbopkcel'er, to WhOUl he afterward tio]ù the 
other plates and the basin. 
Aladdin and his mother very prudently continued to live as 
usual for seyeral years; only he went more neat, and instead of 
associating with mean fellows, he by degrees im;inuated himself 
into the good OIJiuioll of the first merchants and jewellers of the 
city. Hence, besides obtaining H. general knowledge of the world, 
'" hicb rendcred him a pleasant and agreeaLle companion, he be- 
came acquainted with the true value of those je,vels he had 
brought from the garden in the suLterraneous cave. These he 
had cunsidered as colored glass only, and had suffered them to In,y 
unnoticed in a couple of bags, under one of the cu::;hions of the 
sofa. But though he fuund him!-;elf pOt;
ef'sed of immense wealth, 
yet he pcr
i
tf'd in living pri,'ately, e,'e11 humbly; dC\'oting his 
whole time tu the improvement of his ullderstandillg. 
Accidcnt put an end to this philü::,ol'hical indulence, 
carcely 
excusable in a young mau. One day as Ala.ddin was walkillg in 
the town, be heard an order of the sultan pu Lli
hed, for all the 
people to shut their shops aI1tl keep within dours, while the prill. 
cess Badroulboudour (that is, full moon of full moons), the sultan's 
daughter, ,'rent to the 1>ath'3. Aladdin was seized with a great de- 
fiire. to see the princess: to accmnpli::;h "hich; he contrived to get 
behmd the outer door of the hath. where he remaiued ulloLsen'ed 
As the princelSs approached 
he door, atteudcd ouly hy her 
eunuchs 
nd women, she laid a::;ide her ,'eil; and gaye Ala.dùill ar 
opportullIty to have a full view of her. Till now he ha.d never 
sceAl any woman's fi1ce but his mother's. Ile supposed; tl:;,erefure# 



EJSTERT AIN
lENTS. 


lu.S 


that all women ',:ere like her, and thought of them with indiffer- 
ence. But the instant he saw the princess, who was exceedingly 
lovely, he felt emotions he had till then been a stranger to. 1Y hen 
she had entered the inner doors, he returned home, pensive, yet 
delighted. He passed the e'Vcning in melancholy and silence, anù 
the night in indulging the starts of a restless and di
turbed im 
agination. 
1\ ext morning he behaved with the 
ame reserve and sadness. 
His mother had perceived before his change of behavior, and 
thought something had happened to displease him. But finding 
the same appearance next day, :')l-Ie became solicitous to know the 
I'eason of it. Aladdin, after mU5ing some time, told her the cause 
of his uneasiness, concluding with saying, " I love the charming 
}willcess with so much ardor, that I find I cannot live without 
her, and am resolved to ask her in marriage of the sultan, her 
fitther ." 
Aladdin's mother heard with attention and concern. but when 
he came to so extravagant a determination, she bur
t into a loud 
hwghter. ":My dear son," she said," do you consider who you 
are, that have the boldness to ihiuk of your sovereign's daughter 
for a wife 1 Do you not remember that your father was a poor 
tailor: and that I am of as mean extraction? Sultans, if they 
ever give their daughters to their subjects, give them to tho so 
who have distinguished themselves in the service of their country? 
1Yhere, then, are your pretensions 1 Lay aside, I pray you, 
those fancies, which are enough to make me think you out of your 
senses. 
.Aladdin, notwithstanding, declared his resolution to persi:;t. 
c. Who do you expect," said his mother, "will be hardy enough to 
demand the princess of the sultan for you, according to the cus- 
tom of our country 1" "You, undoubtedly," replied her son. "I 
shall take care," said she hastily, " how I engage in such an affair 
I go to the sultan on 8uch a message !" continued the old woman; 
" had you wished me tc app:y to some neighbor for his daughter 
ill marriage, it had been well; but to seek the daughter of the 
Rultan, who at cne word. can crush you to atoms! what extrava- 
gant madness! lJct;itles, no one approaches the sovereign, you know) 

0 ask a favor without a present. "\Yhat have you to offer the 
sultan worthy his aeceptance, even for his smallest favors, much 
lt
.) fùI' the highest he can bestow 1" 
5* 



106 


AnABIA1: 1\IG llTS' 


" I own," replied ....\.laddin, "illY wiphes are e,..,:travagant; but I 
lo'\"e the prillèe
s so ardently, that I must resign my life if I do 
not t:!l1cceed. nor should yOU think me without resources, when 
, "' 
you l'ecollect what the lamp I possess has already done for us. 
As to a }Jl"oper offering to the sult'1n, I am able to furnish you 
with one which I am sure he will g
adly accept." 
Aladùiu then arranged the jewels he had brought from the 
garden, in a yesECI of fine porcelain, which showed them to great 
ad\antage; and persuaded his mother, who consented with infin- 
ite reluctance, to carry them to the sultan. "Depend upon it, my 
son," said she, "your present will 1e thrown away. The sultan 
will either laugh at me, or be in so great a rage, that he will 
make us both the yictims of his fury." 
'rhe day following, Aladdin.s mother appeared at the diyan, and 
was admitted with the other suitors, who pleaded their causeR be- 
fore the sultan. She placed herself in full view of that prince, 
having her present tied up in a white fine napkin, but never at- 
tempted to approach him to declare her Lusinesl':!. \Vhen the 
divan hroke up she retired, and returned again the next council 
day, when she placed herself HS before. 
She continued to dù so for SODle time, till at length the sultan 
took notice of her, and ordpred the grand vizier to introduce her 
to him. Aladdin's mother, by the examplo of others, had learned 
to prostrate herself before the throne. 'rhe sultan bade her rise, 
and said to her." Good woman, I have observed you to attend 
very often from the beginuing to the ri
illg of the divan; what is 
your hu
iness 1" 
Aladdin's mother replied," Before I presume to tell your llllt- 
jeHty the extraorùinar y and almost incredible affair whieh brinrrs 
ð 
me before you, ] must most humhly "request the favor of being 
heard by you in private, and al:;o that you will pardon me the 
bold, or rather imprudent demand I have to make." The sul- 
tan's curiosity was much excited by this preface; he ordered 
everybody to withdraw but the grand vizier and the pet.itioner, 
and then directed her to proceed. 
She was in no hurry to do so, beiJ1g '
ry solicitous to obtain 
p.ardon for her presumption before sbe began. The 
.
ltnn, part.ly 
tIl.ed with her prattle, and partly impatient tc know what sbe IUt.j 
to ask, gave her assurance of the mo
t ample pardon, and ap;nin or 
dered her t"" relate her business, and. Epeak boldly. 



}<.NTEUT .\INJIENTS. 


107 



rhus encouraged, the old lady told him faithfully in what man. 
ner hm' Bon had Been the prillee:-;
, and the yioleut love for her 
whieh that sight had ill
pil'ed him with She wcnt on with much 
prolixit] to descrilJe the debates whidl had passeù between them 
or' t
1e suhject, and concluded by forma.lly demanùing the princess 
ill marriage fi)r hpr 
on; at the s:une time ::;he bowed down before 
thc throne, and bid hcr prc8eut at the foot of it. 
.FroIn the lll<UmerH and a pp{'al'iJ,nce of the petitioner, nothing 
could 
eeIll more IH'(To8torous to thc t'ultan than such a proposal. 
'The in::-;tallt he he;\rd it j he Lun;t into laughter; while the graud 
vizier, who had reasou to hope that his master intended the prin- 
cess for his son, looked on the old woman with eyes of jmlignation. 
'Vben the sultan had recovered himself a little, he said to her, 
still laughing, " You Lave IJrought a present, I Bee, to forwarù 
your suit; pray let me look a tit." Aladdin's mother hastened to 
lift it up; and the sultan, who expected some trivial matter, was 
astonished when Rhe removed the napkin, to Bee so many inesti- 
mable jewels set before him, the smalle::5t of whidl very far sur- 
passed, in beauty aud value, any in hiB own treasury. 
The vizier was no less chagrined th:tn amaLeçl at the sight of 
them: with the nlore reason, as he plainly saw they had ma.de 
great impres
ion on the sultan, who a.sked him if the proposals of 
a man offering so magnificent an introductory present ought not to 
be listened to. The vizier entreated hIS master to put off his 
answer to a distant day; and the sultan, who was much swayed by 
his minister, told the old lady to return hgain in three months, 
hinting that very probably the answer then would not be unfavor- 
ahle. 
Aladdin's mother was oveIjoyed at a reception so much beyond 
her hopes. She hastened home to her son, who received her re- 
})ort with transport. Three months indeed 8eemed an age; but as 
he had never hoped to succeed without infinitely more difficuhy, 
his joy was un}Jolmded. 
Two of the three months passcd in this deliri'llll of happinef:s, 
from which he was aroused IJY news which at oncc dispersed it. 
His mother having domestic Lusiness in the city, found all the shop!i 
E>hut) and preparations making everywhere for a general illumina- 
tion. On inquiring the cause she was told that the son of the grand 

vizier was that night to be marrieù to the Prin
ess Badroulboudour, 
rl'lw truth was, the vi7ier having been alal'med at .A.laddin's apl'li 



lO
 


/..RAm \:"i N1GrITS' 


cation, had taken ('very pO::-isiLle lllPans to forward the suít of his 
6on' and bein g a skilful courtier, and a great favorite, he prevailed 
- , 
,vith his master to 8et a
iàe his cngagemcnt" ith a stranger, allð 
complete the intended nuptials between the princess and the son 
of his minister. 
Aladùin was in despair at reecÏ\ iug this intelligence. He retired 
to his chamber and rubbed his lamp; the genie immediately ap- 
peared, and made the usual tender of his services. "Hear me 
with attention," said Aladdin; "I have ever had reason to be satis- 
fied with your zeal for the lamp, in those matters I have applied 
to yon for since I have been in possession of it; a grf\ater concern 
now calls for an exertion of your power and fidelity." He then 
related to him all the particulars of his application to the sultan, 
and of his present fears; and concluded with commanding him, 
the instant the bride and the bridegroom were alone, to bring them 
in their bed to his chamber. The genie promised punctual obe- 
dience, and disappeared. 
At the palace the usual nuptial ceremonies were completed 
The bride was conveyed to her Lcd; and the jocund bridegroom 
admitted to her chamber, shut out all intruders, and triumphed 
over his obscure rivaL But the moment he had set bis feet on the 
bed, it was conveyed away, with him and his bride, to a mean 
chamber. Aladdin was waiting for them. He ordered the genie 
(who was only seen by himself) to take the bridegroom and fix him 
immovably in an outer house. He then said a few words to en- 
courage the princess, and laying a sabre between them, as a proof 
that her honor was secure, he pnssed the night by her side. 
In the morning he summoned the gcnie. to release the bride 
groom, and convey them back to the palace. This he performed 
EO exactly, that the lJed was deposited in the nuptial chamber, at 
the instant the mother of the princess was opening Ler door to 
pay hcr morning respects to her daughter. The vizier's son hear- 
ing her approach, ran to the wardrobe to put on his clothes, being 
almost benumbed with cold. 
The sultaness was surpriscd to be receiyed by her daughter with 
eyiùent marks of discontent. For a long time the princess resisted 
the entreaties of her mother, and refused to relate the cause of her 
· uneasiness: but at length was 'Pcrsuaded to tell her aU that had 
happened. The 8ultaness was out. of patience at a narrative 
o 
improbahlo. "Yon will do well/' said she to her daught
r, "not 



K
TERTA[X)lEr\TS. 


109 



.o repeat this fable to any onc oIse. )\"'here is Y0ur hUf:;l:mnd? 1 
shall talk with him, and see if he has had the same v il:iion." 
The son of the vizier, though exceedingly mortified at the trans
 
actions of the past night, was yet too proud of the honor of being 
allied to the sultan to forego it readily; he hoped also that the 
eIJchantment which had distressed him, was now at an end; at any 
ra.te he re"olYed to conceal what had befallen him for the present. 
When therefore the sultaness asked him if he was as much infa.tu- 
ated fiS his wife, he pretended not to understand the question; on 
which the 8ultaness answered wit.h pleasure, "It is enough; I see 
you are wiser than Rhe." 
The rejoicings in the palace were renewed, and all appeared 
desirous to promote the pleasure of tho bride and bridegroom. The 
vizim"s son counterfeited 80 well, that everybody thought him a 
happy man; but the affliction of the princess was very slightly con- 
cealed. The sultan, who was extravagantly fond of her, saw it 
with great concern; Rnd though he did not choose to interrupt the 
joy of the court at that 1;101l1ent, yet he resolved to inquire very 
minutely into the cause of it the day following. 
At illght the moment the princess and her spouse were in bed, 
the di!;tress of the past night was renewed. Tliey wore again con- 
veyed to Aladdiu'8 chamber, the bridegroom was disposed of as 
Jefore, the sabre was again deposited between the princess and a 
stranger, and in the morning they -vere re-conveyed to their own 
chamber at the instant that the attendants were e
tering it to an- 
noullce the sultan. 
That tcnder father was anxious and impatient to know the cause 
{>f his th,nghter's sorrow. JIe came therefore as early as conve- 
nient to her ant<,chamber, and desired to see her. The princess 
ro
e immcdiably and attended him. A general explanation now 
took place. The princess informed her fitther in what manner she 
had spent the two preceding nights; the vizier's son confirmed 
the account, and, under I)l"elence of constl
ting the happiness of the 
princess, was the first to request that the marriage might be dis- 
solved. A stop was put to all rejoicing R , and the marriage was 
publicly dec
areù void, l\Iany cOlljecture8 were made aa to the 
cause of this event, w.hieh be
allle generally talked of. Aladdin 
IleaI'd of it with great joy; Imt took care to keep secret the share 
he lmd in the adventure. 
" hen the three months were expired, Aladdin sent his mother 



110 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


to the di\Tan as Lefore. The sultan l'eme1l11wred her; but having 
no inclination to give the princess to her son, he eonsultel his vizier 
on the suhject, who adyised him to demand of Aladdin a nuptial 
pre
ent 80 exceedingly valuable that it would be out of his power 
to procure it. The sultan was well pleased '''' ith the advice, which 
he doubted not would effectually prevent his hearing finy more of 
Aladdin. lIe beckoned the old woman to him, and told h
r he 
was really to give the princess to her son, provided he Bent him 
forty basins of ma
sy gold, full of the same kind of stones she had 
given him before; ea
h basin to be carried by a Llack slave, led 
by a young and handsome white slave, all of them magnificenUy 
dressed. " Go," said he, " and tr II him on these conditions I alU 
ready to recei\Te him as my son-in-law." 
The old lady returned home much dejected. She thought i'
 
utterly impossible for her son to comply with this deIllalld, fl
.l, 
drea,ded the eft'ects of his diRappointmellt. Aladdin heard her re- 
port ,vit.h great pleasure; and sumllloning the genie, re<1 uested he 
would immediately provide the pre:.;ent the sultan had demanded, 
that it might be sent Lefore the di\Tan hroke up. 
In a few minutes the house of .Aladdin was filled by the eighty 
f\laves: forty black ones, bearing large golden basins filled with 
all sorts of jewels, each La
in being covered with a silver stuff 
embroidered with flowers of gold. Alad.din pressed hiq mother to 
return to the s
tltan and present hIm with the dowry he had de 
manded; and, opening the door, he ordered a white slave to g':! 
out, and a black one with his ba.
in to follow. In this order they 
all set forth, and the mother of Alaùdin cloRed the procession. 
The Rplendid ha1Jits of the sla\es, and the beauty 
,Ild graceful,. 
ne
s of their persons, attracted m?ery eye. 'fhey proceeded slowly, 
and at equal distances from each other, and as they marched through 
the city, the people crowded to see thelU. 'Yhen they arrived at 
the palace; the porters would have received them with the highest 
h0nors; Lut he who caine first, Lcing instructed by the genie, said, 
,
 \Ye are only slaves; our master will appear ill due time." 
"Then they entered tlle di nUl, tlH'Y formed a semicircle before 
the thronp, the 1Jlack slaves laid the basins on :he carpets and un- 
covered them, and the whole company having paid proper compli- 
ments to the sovereign, stood with their arms crossed O\Ter with 
great modesty. 
The :mltnn surveyed the whole with the utmost 
"maZC:'l1ent and 



EXTERTÅDI
ENTS. 


111 


3atisfaction. The vizier himself, notwithstanding his gri
f and 
ell\-Y, was obliged to own that Alachlin's present merited his 1'e- 
Cf'Vtion into the royal family. All tbe court concurred in his 
opiuon; and the sultan dismissed the old lady with directions for 
her son to hasten and receive the princess from the hands of bel' 
father. 
The joy with which Aladdin received this message was unutter- 
able. lIe sUlllmon<1 the genie, and said," Genie, I \\ ant to Lathe. 
Prm'ide me also with proper apparel and equipage, tha.t I may 
d
it the sultan, who has consented to receive me as U BOU." As 
soon as he had spoke these words he was c01we:yed to a Lath, 
where he was undressed without seeing by whom, and washed with 
all sorts of fine-scented water. 'Yhen he had bathed, he was quite 
a difi'ereut lUall from what he had been before. His skin was clear, 
his complexion improved, and his whole body lightRome and eaRY. 
The genie clothed him with a most magnificent ha1Jit, alid COll- 
Þ \"eyed hun home, where he found a number of attpndallts ready to 
wait on him and his mother to the l'ttlace. 
The genie supplied him with ten rurses of gold: which he gave 
to the sIn ves who \vent before him, and they threw handfuls of it 
on each side among the populace. By this liberality he gained the 
affecticns of the people, even those of a higher order, though they 
did liot scramble fur the money, were pleased with his Luunty to 
the ,,; J1l1uon people. lIe was so altered that hi
 former compan- 
ions diû .o1ot know him; for such were the efl'ects of the lamp, that 
those who possessed it, acquired by degree!:!, perfection:i both of 
mind and person, which qualified them for the high fortune, the 
right use of it advanced them to. 
\VhOll ....\l::Ldùin arri vcù at court, and was introduced to the sultan, he 
would have 11rostrated himself in the usual manner, but the monarch 
prcyented him by receiving him in his arms and embracing him. 
They conversed together a long time, and the sultan was charmcd 
with the wit and good sense of his intended son-in-law. The judge 
presente:-, the contract, and the sultan as
ed Aladdin if he chose 
to stay in the pattee and solemniæ the marriage immediately. 
Aladdill with gleat gratitude d3cllllec the sultan's offer. " I 
would. wish first," saiù he, " to bui]ù a palace fit for the reception 
of the charming prin,:ess, and humhly beg your majesty will grant 
n e a piece of ground near "S"- l' 0\t"1l, L

at I may the readier pay. 
my duty to Y01:," The suì.t.tn 
'id hUll tnlæ what 
round he pbaseJ, 



112 


ARABIAN :KIGHT::;' 


but desired him tv consider how long it must be before he could 
complete a new palace; und all that time he should be without the 
plea
ure of caning him son. 
,\Yhen Aladùin returned home he summoned the genie in the 
usual manner. "Genie," said he, "the punctuality and diligence 
with which you have executed my orders, deserve every acknow_ 
ledgment. I have now a commissinn of still greater importance 
f,'Jr you to perform. I wish you to build me a palace opP?site the 
sultan's, fit to receive the princess. Let the materials be the most 
rare and costly; let there be u large hall in it with a dome at the 
top, and four-and-twenty windows. Decorate these windows with 
jmvels of all descriptions the most valuable you can procure, but 
leave one of them plain. Instead of wainscot, let the walls of the 
llfill he formed of massy wedges of polished gold and silver laid 
alternately. Let the offices be perfectly cOll1})lete, and the whole 
supplied with the most sumptuous furniture, and with a proper 
number of handsome slaves to perform the necessary duties. Do III 
all this, I cha.rge thee by the lamp, in the most perfect manner, and 
with all pos!::ihle despatch." 
By the time Aladùin had finif'hed his instructions to the genie the 
sun was set. The next morning at daybreak, the genie presented 
hin1self. and said, :, Sir, your palace is finished; come and see how 
you like it.i' Aladdin cOllsentillg, he transported him thither, aTHl 
led him through the various apartments, where he found his orderl:i 
punctually obeyed. The treasury was filled to the ceiling with 
bags of money, the palace with the most costly furniture; and the 
stables with the fin3st horses in the world. 'Vhen Aladdin h:id 
reviewed the whole, he gave it the prai
e is dp,seryed. lIe then 
orderd the genie to spread a piece of fine vel vet from the sultmÜ
 
palace to his own, DJr the prince

 to walk on, which l)eing executed, 
the genie conducted Aladdin back to his own apartment. 
As the morning advanced, the grand vizier was astonished at tho 
sight of 130 magnificent a building erected on a plain which was 
quite open the I1ight before. lIe ran to acquaint the suJtan with 
it, declaring it could be only enchantment. "Vhier," replied 
the sultan, ,: it is envy Dakes you say 80. You know it is Alad. 
din's palace. Ko doubt he has been louD" en g aO'ed in P re p arinO' it. 
o L) 0 , 
nnrl now has put it together by employing a vast numùer of people) 
and paying them well, on purpose to surprIse us. You must belie\TÐ 
h is riches are inexb austible; and he thus shows U[1 what calJ. bt! 
lone by money." 



EXTERT
\IX)IE:XTS. 


113 


Ala.ddin now scnt a mef'sag
 to the sultan, desiring his permis
il)n 
t.() wait on him and the princess, and tbat the nUl-'tial
 luight be 
solpmnized that day. The sultan consenting, .A.laddin Lid adieu 
for ever to hiR parental dwelling. lIe first disp08ed his mother to 
go to the pnlace with her shtves to attend the princess; he then 
secured hi/'} wonderful lamp, and mounting his horse, attended 1JY 3. 
numerous and splendid retinue, he arrived at the palace. 
The marriage ceremonies wcre performed, alld ill tlu m"cning 
Aladdin went. first to his own palace, that he might he ready to 
i.eccive the princess; who, having taken a tender farewell of her 
pa.rent'3, set forward on the vplvet, alllidt5t the soun'.! of trulllpets allù 
the shouts of the people. Aladdin received her with tran::::il,ort, 
!Lnd eOllducted her into the granrl hall which was supcrLly illulIIi. 
nateJ. The princess being seated, a noLle feast was served up. 
The plates and dishes were all of burlli
heJ gold, alld contained 
the most ùelicious meats; the vessels on the Leaufet were al::5o of 
gold; and all the other fUl'lliture in the hall was suitably magnifi. 
cent. The princess, thl)ugh used to the splendor of a court from 
bel' infancy, was yet much struck with the magnificence of her l1PW 
habitation, and expre
sed her pleasure to Alaðdill in the stroJ:l.gest 
terms. " 
After supper thcre was a concert of music hy genii and fh iries, 
and a dance by the same kind of performers who performed ilfter 
the fashion of the country, in figure, with great gracc and acti \Tity. 
The da.y füllowing. the royal parcnt:3 came to, A.laddin's pnlaee 
to congratulate the prinee:ss; she recpived thplll with cheerful duty, 
Hl1rl condnctpd them to the hall. They WCl'e tu;toui::;þNI at slll:h 3. 
di
play of rich('s a
ld elegãflC8; but the sul f ãn Sf'pillg one of the 
windows without ornalllPut, iuquired the J'p
l
on of it. "
ir," re. 
rlied tLe princf\, for so Ala,ddin wat! LJW called," I ordered the 
window to he l('ft in th
t st=Lte, that your U1aje
ty lllight havc tbe 
glory of tinie.hing this ha.ll and p
1:we." 
The sultan accepted the comp1ill1ent, and ordered hi-: j'3wclIe-rs 
aad gold::;miths to set a.bout it. For a 'wbole month thcy \\ ere 
}'usily employed, and had u
eJ all tho bultan's .if'\\ elF!, llotwüh- 
standing the brge supply he h..td r
ceived from ,AJadllin, Jct th('J 
haa not fiuisheù one side of tho wiuùow. "TheIl Aladdin fuund 
t1wv Wbre quite at a. stand. he ordpred them to unllo their work, 
an
 ì"cstore the je\\pl8 to the sultan. He then ruhbed his lnmp, 
and directed the genie to complete the hall, \\ hich wad done im- 
mediately. 



114 


ARABIAN NIGHT
' 


The sultan, when the workmen returned him the jewels, came -" 
expostulate with his son-in-law, on his leaving so noLle a hall un 
fini:shed; but when Aladdin conducted him into it he {ounC!- the 
window
 were all perfect. Turning to Aladdin, he embraced him: 
saying, ., You are a most extraordinary man, to do such surprisi'lg 
things thus ill an instant; the more I know you, the more ï 
admire you." 
:From this time Aladdin lived in great state. lIe was also happ J 
in the affection of the princess, the confidence of the sultan, and the 
general love of the people. lIe supported the dignity of his rank 
with propriety; his abilities appeared more and more respectable. 
On a dangerous insurrection, the sultan gave him the COllllllë.tlld of 
his armies, and he was found worthy the trust, defeating the rebels 
in twù pitched battles, in w bich he displayed great courage and 
military conduct. 
But no situation in human life is exempt froDI misfortune. Sev- 
eral years after these events, the African magician who had unde- 
signedly been the instrument of Aladdin's good fortune, chanced to 
recollect him, and resohed to know if he had perished ill the cave. 
He cast figures, and formed a horoscope, by which he found that 
Aladdin had escaped, lived splendidly, was rich, had married a 
princess, and was very much honored and respected. 
The natural malignity of the magician became tenfold on this dis- 
covery. He burst out in a rage, saying, " lIas this wretched tailor'a 
son discovered the virtue of the lamp 1 does he whom J despised 
and devoted to death enjoy the fruit of my labor and study 1 He 
shall not loqg do so." He immediately prepared for a journey; 
ahd setting ofr next day, travelled till he arrived again at the cap- 
ital of China. 
He put up at one of the principal khans, and mingled with peoplo 
of the bettm sort, among whom he soon heard much talk of Alau- 
diu's palace; for though it had been built some years, it still con- 
tinued an object of admiration among the citizens. One of the 
company, perceiving the magician was a stranger and listened to 
them with particular attention, courteously offered to show him 
those parts of it where the public were admitted. The magician 
nccepted his civility; and presently was convinced that it was buiti 
by the genii, slaves to the lamp, as it was evidently out of the power 
:of man to produce so rieh and glorious an edifice. 
The magician learned that Aladdm was O"one on a huntinD' P art v 
o 0 11 



EXTEHTAI:N
,IEKT8 


115 


which would last se\'eral days. As S0011 as he g( t back to the 
khan, he had recourse to his art to know whether Aladdin carried 
his lamp about bim. He had the unhoped-for pleaßure to learn 
that the lamp was left in the palace, under no particular charge. 
lIe placed, therefore, a dozen halldl50me Cf Ipper lamps in a basket, 
and went to the palace of Aladdin, crying out," "\"ho will change 
old lamps for new 1" 
Several people accepted his offer, and this drew a crowd of boys 
and idle peolJle about him. '1'he DoibÐ they made attracted the no- 
tice of the princess; she sent a female slave to inquire the cause. 
On her leport, another of tbe 
u-ince815' women said, " Let us try if 
this man. is as silly as he pretends to be. I remember to have seen 
an old copper lamp 011 a cornice; the owner no doubt will be glad 
to find a new one in its place." Badroulboudour consented; the 
exchaDge was soon made; and the magician baving obtained the 
prize he Bought, returned with it, rejoicing, to his khan. 
In the evening he went into the fields, and reposed Limself tiU 
midllight. He then rubbed the lamp, when the genie appeared, 
and said, "'''hat wouldst thou? I am ready to obey thee as thy 
slave; the slave of all those who have that lamp in their hands; I. 
and the other slaves of the lamp." "I command thee," replied the 
magician, "to transport me and the palace which thou hast built in 
this city, and all who are in it, to such a pla.ce in Africa." The 
genie and his associate;.. immediately obeyed him. 
The sultan was so delighted with Aladdin's palace, that he used 
to 10Gk out of his closet every morniJJog to admire it. The morning 
after this removal, he was astonished to see only a void space where 
the palace had stood the evening before. On consulting his grand 
'\izier, that minister replied, " I am exceedingly sorry, sir, that this 
event too fully proves the truth of my opinion. Your majesty knows 
.i ha'\'e always thought this palace, and a
l its Immense riches, were 
the work of magic only; and I now fear, with too much reason, 
that those powers who were c::!:pable, in one night, of producing 80 
much treasure and magnificence, have with equal facility taken 
them away again.:' 
'fhese remarks of the vizier kindled t
e sultan's rage against 
Aladdin. "'Yhere is that impostor, that vile wre.tch 1" exclaimed 
the sultan. "Bring him before me, and let his head pay the price 
oi his wicked delusions." 
The vizier despatched an officer, properly instructed, with a small 



116 


ARABIAN :KIGIITS' 


party of horse, in search of Aladdin; when they came up with hinl) 
the officer told him that the I'ultan relluired hi:s pre:sonce on par- 
ticular Lusilless. Aladdin, who had not the lea.::;t idea of his hav- 
ing incurred the di
pleë.L:sure of hi1:5 father-in-law, touk loave of 
his train, whom he left to pur
me their sport, alld juining their 
party, rode toward the city. 
1filoH they th'cw near it, the officer addres
illg himself to the 
prillce, 
aiù, " It i:s 'with great regret, sir, that I declare to you tbe 
cOlllllu1ndr-; of the sultan, ldlÏch are, that 1 am to arrest you, and 
carry you Lofore him as a criminal, ill the most ignonÜniuus lllar 
1101'." Acc01'dingly a chain was !Jut ahout lJÍ8 neck, and fa;:;toned 
round hi8 Lody, 1:>0 that hit) n.rms were piniuued. One of the 
troolJers took hold of the end of the chain, and Alad.t1jn was 01>- 
liged to follow him on foot through the city to the sultan'::; 
alace. 
lUadc1in I:mbmitted with a::;tonÜilnuent to this severe treatment. 
The officer could not teU him the reason of it, llor cuuld his own 
imagination suggest it. 1fhen he was brought into the ruyal pres- 
ence, the sultan, without deigning to speak to him, orderl3d the 
executioner to take off his head. Aladwll WßR stripped. bound, 
alld kneeling to receÍ\"e the fatal stroke, when an accident hap- 
pened, which obliged the sultan relucÜUltIy to suspend his fate. 
The cOllductiug .A.laddin through the city with 1:50 much dis- 
grace, alarmed alld irritated the people, by whom he was univer- 
sally beloved. A large mob followed the party to the palaeo; and 
as the llew:s spread, the mob incroilfied.. l)eople of all de:scriptions 
joiued them, and a great disturbance eusued. Part of the rioters 
wore so bold :t:s tu fi)l'ce the gates, others :::3callJd the walls of the 
palace. The sultan wa.s terrified, lIe ordered Aladdin to be UD- 
Lound, and bad the chiaollx proclaim he had pardoned him T1JÍs 
tsati
lil'd the peoplc.", \\' hu presently di
per8ed. 
\Yhcn 
\laddiu was 8et at liberty he threw himself at the I:ml- 
tan'lS feet a LJd Leggpd to klllJW his criLUe. ,. Thy Cl.iule, perfi(]iou:3 
wretch F' rCIJlicd th'} Imltan, ,. dost thou not know it? J'ollow 
\HC ;" aud leading him iuto his closct s3,id, 
, thou oughwst to know 
whore thy palace 8too\..1, leak. and tell me wbat is become of it." 
Aladdill seping his IJal:.!.ce was removed, was oYN'whelmed with 
grief alld deFipair. The sultan, illðtead of being softened by hiE 
<1i::,tre
!', becalHe mOl'e aud more incensed. "Caitiif," said he, 
,. produce my daughter, whom, I valUC a thousand times beyOl!Cl 
l:JY palace, or no eom:ideratlOn shall restrain me from IJuttlllg thco 
f 0 death " 



ENTEH.TAIN.:\IE
TS. 


117 


"I beseech your majesty," replied Aladdin, "t.o give me forty 
days to search for my dear princess; if at the end of that timo 
1 am unsuccessful, I do solcmnly swear t will return, and deliver 
myself into your hands." "Begone, then," answered the. sultan j 
" but kncw, that if you lJreak thit::! oath, you shall not escape my 
resentr.lcnt. l\Iy rage shall pursue you, if you do not produce my 
daughter, in whatever part of the world you lllay vainly attempt 
to hide yourself." 
.Aladdill left the sultan, covered with confusioll. As he went 
out of the palace, he experienced the vanity of that adula.tion 
which is wmally ofiered to pert:;ons in prosperity. Among the 
officers of the court, Borne pitied, some insulted him; but no one 
offered him comfort or as
i8tance. lIe passed on to the city, 
about which he rambled for three days. Ilis senEes became di
- 
turbed; and he asked everyone he met, if he could tell him any 
De\yS of his palace. 
Tired at last of wandering about the streets, he strolled into the 
country; and coming to the side of a river, as he was indulging 
his grief; and pensively watching the undulation of the water, the 
ground he stood on gave way, and he would have fallen into the 
I'iver, if he had not caught hold of a rock which supported him. 
In recovering himself he pressed the ring, be had formerly received 
from the African magician very hard. The genie immediately 
appeared and mad.e him the usual offer of his services. 
Aladdin recovering at once from rus despair, cried out, "0 genie, 
preserve my life a second time, by bringing back my palace to the 
place where it stood." 
"That I cannot do," re plied the genie; "you must a:ldress 
yourself to the slave of the lamp." "At least," 8aid Aladdin, " con- 
vey me to the place where it stands, and set me down under the 
princess Radroulboudour's window." These words were no sooner 
uttered, than the genie transported him to Africa, and set him down 
as he had de!:\ired. 
It was night when .Aladdin found himself under the window of 
the princess. As he knew not who might be within, he determined 
not to enter it till morning. He sat down at the root of a large 
tree, and began to consider within himself whenc.e his misfortunes 
proceeded. lIe reèollected how carelessly he had left his inesti. 
mable lamp; rmd douhted not but that careles
mess was the sourco 
of all his sorrows. But how it should fall into the hands of airy 



118 


AHABIAN NIG [ITS' 


one who knew its use, was wonderful; and still 1ll00.e so, that the 
pre
ellt possessor should have so much ill-will to him} as to remove 
the princess and her palaée. 
Amidst these contemplations, the fatigue and grief he had sus- 
tained overcame him, and he fell a:;leep; lmt waking yery c
rly 
ill the l1loruing, he had the satisfaction of seeing the princess at 
Ler window; for from the time of her removal :-;orrow had dri \-Cll 
sleep fi.'01ll her eyelids. Badroulboudour soon perceived him. She 
durst not converse with him from her window; but made signs to 
him. that he should repair to tho back door, whm'e a trusty slave 
attended to admit him, and to conduct hinl to bis beluved princess. 
\\llen the joy of theh meeting had a lit.tle subsided, Badroul- 
boudour soon explained to him the SOUl"(:e of their misfortune, by 
telling him they were in Africa. She related to him the manner 
in which the magician had obtained the la'mp, which he now con- 
8tantly carried in his bosom; and added, that he every day paid 
her Ol
e visit, and audaciously presu111ed to solicit her love; assur- 
ing her, that her husband had fallen a victim to the sultan's anger. 
Aladdin having heard all these particulars, besought the 
- prince
s to permit him to go to a neighboring town. "This mau," 
said he, "in whose power we now are, iA the most subtle; and the 
most wicked of mankind. Yet as he can have no idea that I am 
at band" I think we I3hall be ahle to evade his malice. ""'hen 
he c(,mes to you to-day," continued Aladdin, "receive him with less 
reserve than u
ual ,; seem as if you would shortly be reconciled to 
your situation; invite him to sup with you, and leave the rest to ll),e." 
Aladdin then went into the town, amI bought of a druggist 
half a dracbm of a certain powder, "ith which !I(' returned to the 
palace. This he gave to tbe prillceHH, with. iIldtJ'uctions how to use 
it; and then retired to a closet lel:!t he shuuld be discovered. The 
magician paid his usual visit to the princess, ill the course of the 
day
 and was glad to find her in much better spirits than befure. 
She had núw, for the first time since in his power, dressed herself 
elegantly; she conversed with him with freedom: and even heard 
him talk of luve, without showing much disgu5t.' \Yhen he was 
n.1JOut to depart, she pretl?uded a desire to taste the wines of Africa., 
anù desired he would provide her some of the best, aua conle and 
B
,p with ho1'. 
The wily African, with all his cunning, allowed himself to bð 
decei
 ed. His nature was not cnpable of generous love. The in- 



I':N rEHTAIXl\IEXTS. 


119 


c(,mparable beauty of the princess had, indeed, excited L.1 him a 
coan;e and beastly desire, which he hoped now to gratify; and 
while he thought himself secure of his expected enjoyment, he 
laughed at, and reviled in his heart the versatility of the sex, to 
which he ascribed his success. 
In the eYenin
 he did not fail to attend the princess, who re- 
ceived him in the mest flattering manner. After supper when thß 
wine was set before them, the princess gave an appoiutcd signal to 
her attendant. A gold cup was presented to the magician, and 
another to the princess. In her cup was the powder procured hy 
Aladùin. 'Vine }Jeing poured out: the princess told the ll1ugiciau, 
that in Chir
a, it 'was the custom for lovers to exchange cups, and 
at the same time, held out her cup to him. lIe eagerly made the 
exchange; and putting the cup he had received from her to Ius 
lipft, he drank a little of the wine, and immedia.tely expired. 
\Vhen the magician fell dO\,yn, Aladdin. who had ,,yatched the 
event, entered the hall; and running to the body, found the lamp 
carefully wrapped up in his Losom. lIe retired agnin to the 
closet, and f'ummoning the genic, commanded him to restore the 
palace to its former situation; which he did accordin
ly, those 
within it only feeling two slight shocks one when it ,vas lifted up, 
the other when it was set down, and both in a short interval of 
time. 
The sultan had continued inconsolable for the loss of his daugh- 
ter. As it had l)een his cW3tom formerly to go often into his closet 
to admire Aladdin's palace, he now did so for very different reasons. 
Every morning, and often in the daytime, he retired there, to in- 
dulge his sorrow for the los8 of his beloved daughter. The morn- 
ing 'tfter the return of the palace, the sultan entered his closet, 
unusually sad; when going to the window, he had the joyful sur- 
rrise to see it agaiu ill it
 place. He flew thither, and em braced 
hi
 daughter with tears of joy; nor was she less affected. 
",,'hen their trau1:\ports were a little abated, the princess related 
to her father everything that haù befallen her. She took upon 
herself the whole hlame of changing the lamp, and magnified the 
merit of hcr husband in having 80 SOon found her out and deliver- 
ing her. The sultan embraced ..A.laddin, and they forgave each 
other. The dead body of the magician was thrown upon a dung- 
hill; and the whole city rejoiced at the safe return of Aladdill a"l] 
the urince
9. 
6 



]90 


ARABIAN NIGHTS 


'l'he happiness of Alaùùin was not yet I:;ecureù. Though the magi- 
cian was dèad, he had left a Lrother as wicked, and as powerful 
as himself. I t was the custom of these brethren to illform them- 
selves by their art, once a year, where each ot.her was: amI VI hether 
either of them stood in need of the other's assistance. 
"\Vhen the customary period arrived, all the particlllar
 of the 
African magician's deat.h became known to his Lrothcr, Ly IJÏs 
skill in necromancy. On finding such a fatal account, he pursued 
his art, till by it he became acquainted with his brother's inter- 
course with Aladdin, and with Aladdin's present situation. Having 
learned all these things, instead of indulging a fruitless grie
 he set 
out for the capital of China, to gratify his revenge. 
lIe crossed plains, rivers, mountains, deserts, and seas, with in- 
credible fatigue, till he arrived there safely. After a short repose, 
he went continually to places of puLlic resort, to acquaint himself 
with the customs of the people, aud Aladdin's mode of living; in- 
tending to form thence a plan to destroy him. 
Among other things he often heard of ono Fatima, a holy woman, 
who resided in a hermitage near the city, and used now and then 
to come to it. lIeI' piety was everywhere spoken of. They eveu 
declared that she had the power ùf working miracles; and par- 
ticularly that she never failed to eure any person who had the 
headache, by putting her hand on them. 
From all thi8, the magician formed a plot which he put in exe- 
cution in this manner :-He found out the cell of the holy woman 
and went to her under pretence of being much aff1icted with the 
headache. By this means be had an oppcrtunity of observing her 
appearance and manner of conversation. lIe returned to the city, 
and passed the evening in one of those hou
es where they Bell hot 
liquors, and where any person may stay al.I Ilight if he chooses. 
About midnight he set out again for Fatima's cell, The llOly 
woman was fast asleep in her clothes, on a mattress. lIe awakened 
her, and clapping a dagger to her breast, bade her get up and be 
silent. 
Fatima was much frightened, but thought it best to obey h.i!
(l 
He then ordered her to change clothes with him. This done. he 
took out a vessel: holding a certain liquor, and a brush: and C(
l- 
manded Fatima to color his face that it might resemlJle hers; }JU 
 
perceiving the poor creature trembled so much that she waR unah
 
to olley him, he encouraged her, and swore to her by th{, name ot 



Esn.Kl'.Annl

 L';:;. 


i21 


Oud that hÐ W0I1111 not hurt her. Cumforted by this assura.nce, 
she painted his f
\ce, put on him her coif :111..1-1 1/cads, awl giyillg 
him her stick, she showed him how he ought t? walk to appear 
like her. Being thus completplyable to l'a
"i for FiLtima, he, with- 
out the least regard to his oath, 8trangled her, and threw her into 
a cistern. 
In the morning he returned to the city, where he imitated the 
holy woman so well that everyone Lelieved it \nt
 her, and crowded 
for her benediction. IIe went directly toward 
\.laddill's palace, 
and the multitude attending him being lloticed by tIle princess: she 
inquired the cause of it. BadroulLoudour had of ton heard ûf tho 
holy woman, but had ne,'el" seen her. She sont therefore to de- 
sire to speak with her. The magician was overjoJed. lIe coun- 
terfeited Fatima with great exactness, nnd when introduced, 1.'y 
affectiNg great piety and mortification, by a long In'aJer, find many 
yoW
 for her prosperity, the detestahle hypocrite gained the esteem 
of the credulous princess, who was too good herself to distrust 
others. 
Aft':)r a long conversation, the magician artfully dropped a }JÌnt 
at the splendor of the palace. The princess, thinking the sight 
of the magnificent hall must give pleasure even to an anchorite, 
conducted the false Fatima thither, and asked her how she liked 
that building. "I am not," rf'plied the magician, " a judge of these 
fine things; but I think if a roc's egg was hung up in the midöt of 
the dome, the whole would be complete. There is one on the top 
)f ,Mount Caucasus; and the architect who built your palace can 

rocure it for you." 
This conversation the princess paid much attention to. She had 
wer con8idered that hall as the grandeEt and most elegant building 
n the world, and she could Hot Lear it 8hould want anything to 
llake it absolutely perfect. She led the supposed holy woman into 
nother a.partment, and requel'itecl her to continue with her the re- 

 
l1ainder of the ùay; to which, with apparent reluctance, hut "ith 
eaJ joy, the deceiver cons('uted. 
""Yhen AIadùiu returned from council, the princess met him; nnd 
ðsired be would have a roc's egg hung up in the dome of the hall, 
glling him at the Rame time where there was one. Aladdin, who 
:as always desirous of pleasing the princes
, W('lIt immediately to 
le hall, aud summoning the genie; said, ,. There is a roc's eg
 on 
fount Cnucasu::i, whi{'h I would have thee bring, and hang up in 
6 



1 ')1) 
...- 


AR\ lUAN KTC--nT
' 


this dome." These words wcrc no sooner uttcJ'(\d, than the 
(,1l1
 
set up a fearful cry, aftcr which hc saiù to Aladùm, ,. \\:' retch: J
 
it not cnongh that I and my companions have ùone so much tùr 
thce, but thou must command mc to bring my master, and hallg 
him up in thy hall 1 It is well for thee that thou art not the 
author of this ungratcful request. Know, thcn, that thc de\' i
er 
of it is the Lrother of the African magician. lIe ha
 murdercc.1 
}"atima, awl is now with thy ,,,,ifc, di
guit5ed to rescmble that huly 
woman. It waß he who suggC'Hted this demand to the princef'8, by 
which he hopcd to have involved you both in ruin. lIe will now 
endeavor to kill thee; look therefore to thyself." Aftcr theHe 
words, the genie, snatching the lamp fron1 Aladdin's hand, di..- 
appeared. 
As soon as Alac1din had recoyered from his surprise, he deter- 
min
d at oncc what measnres to pursue. lIe went into the cham- 
ber where the princess and the magician were conversing together, 
and pretenùed to haye the headache, desiring the false Fatima to 
cure it. 1'he magician, overjoyed, approached with a daggm' in 
one hand concealed unùer his clothes; as he drew near, Aladdin 
scized him hy that arm, and in an instant, with his own dagger, put 
an end to his perniciuus life. 
Though .Aladdin was much grieved for the loss of his lamp, yet 
he consoled himself, as hy the death of the magician his peace wus 
secured. lIe succeeded some years afterward to the throne of 
China, on which he reigned with his IJrÏncess to a good old age, 
and left hehind him a numerous posterity 


THE STORY OF LITTLE HUNCHBACK. 
At Cas gar, on the lJorders of Tartary; there lived a tailer, s. 
cheerful, hOf'pitable fellow, who had a. very deserving wife that L6 
was fond of. One eveniug, as he was leaving off work, a little 
deformed man sat down near his shop, and taking out a lute, playei 
and sung very melodiously. The tailor was lUuch p]eased with hi
 
performance, and thinking to amuse his wife, h{' took Hunch bar,i{ 
home to snp with him. Their supper consisted of a large c1i
h 01 
fi
h. U lllnckily, the crooked gentlcman swallowed a bone, .of whic1: 
he died in a few minuteH, notwithstanding his hosts gave him e,-erJ 
a!:'
iRtance in their powcr. 
The tailor amI his wife were exceedingly frightened at this acei 
dent; and dreading the consequences of the body being found i; 



E
TERT A.IX
IE
TS. 


123 


their apartment, they convc.reu it to the house of a Jew doctor, 
who lived not far oft: The tailol sUI.)orted the body, as if it was 
a sick man, and his wife gave the doctor's ::;ervant a picce of gold, 
and desired he would come to them iUl111cdiately. The ma.id went 
up to her master, and the tailor and his wife nimljly folIo" illg her, 
carried the body to the top of the stairs) aud leaning it agaim;t tho 
wainscot, hastened away as quickly as pm;::;ihle. - 
The doctor, notwithstanding lJÎs skill" was exceedingly poor. 
The piece of gold he re
eivcd1 gan; him a good opinion of his 
patient. He ordered his serntnt to fallow with the light, and run- 
ning tó the stairs, he knocked the Lody down to the botto'm of thcm. 
'Yhen the light came, the Jew, finding the corpse warm, made no 
question but that the sick man had expired iu consequcuce of the 
fall. He gave himself up to despair; hut his wifc, more fertile ill 
invention, contrived the meaus of avoiding the danger. She ad- 
vised the Jew to take Hunchback to the top of the hOllse, and hy 
means of ropes to lower him down a neighboring chimney. 
The apartment into which little Hunchback was now con\-eyed 
belonged to a l\Iussulman, who was pur\Teyor of provi::;ions to the 
sultan. \Vhen he came home, and saw by the light of his lantern 
a man standing upright in his chimney, he was exceedingly enraged. 

'he purveyor had frequently lost part of his stores, and not doubt- 
ing but tbat he had now detected the thief, ho resoh-ed to punish 
him severely. lIe caned therefore the suppo::;ed culprit yery 
heartily; but as he neither moved nor cried out, he left oft' beatiug 
him, and hoiding up the light, perceived that he was dead. Terror 
now almost deprived the purveyor of his senses. lIe questioned 
not but that the man" as killed Ly his blo \Vs; and he well knew 
the puni::;hment he must expect if he was di::;cm"ercd. 
To ayoid this, he waited till an hour after midnight, and when 
everything was still in the streets, took the body on his back, with 
many execrations, and conyeyed it to the door of a shop a little 
distance off; where, placing Hunchback on his feet, he left him, 
and flew back to his own house, fortunately without meeting 11 
person. 
A few minutes before daybreak, a Christian merchant who had 
been up all nif!;bt, dehauching, passed by that way. 
'hough he 
was drunk, he knew the time irew near when people are called to 
early prayers, and that he was liable to punishmcnt for hemg found 
in the street in that condition. Seeing the patrol approacbing, be 



124 


AHABIAN NIG 11'1'8' 


sought to conceal himself by standing up close to the same shop 
door where the purveyor had left Hunchback. The body being 
jostled by the merchant, tumbled upon him; and the Christia,n 
supposing it was a thief, threw him d,nvn, fell upon him, and COll- 
tinued beating him, crying out, "Thieyes!>' 
The outcry alarmed the watch, who came up immediately, and 
finding a Chri
tian beating a l\lussulman, demanded the meanin
 of 
such an outrage. " lle would have roh1Jed me," replied the mer- 
chant, " and jumped upon me, with intent to take me by the throat.'; 
"You seem," said the officer, "to have sufficiently I>evenged your- 
self; come, get off him"-at the same time stooping to raise 
Hunchback, he found that he was dead. "Ah!" exclaimed he, " is 
it thus that a Christian dares to aSRassinate a Turk 1" Saying thi
, 
he seized the merchant find dragged him to prison, till the judge was 
r.eady to examine him. 
A 8Cllse of his danger soon dissipated the fume::; of the li(luor : 
but the more the Christian was capable of thought, he less he could 
account how the few blows he had Ftruck could have been fatal, or 
contrive how he should excuse himself to the magistrate, after 
having accused the defunct with attempting to roh him. In the 
morning the judge heard thc relation of the patrol, and as the de- 
ceased was one of the royal buffoons, he thought it hit:) duty to re- 
port the matter to the sultan. That prince, enraged at the death 
of his jester, and at the boldness of the Christian in killing a Turk, 
ordered him to be imstantly hanged. 
The merchant was led out accordingly, tied to the gibl)et, and 
notwithstanding his outcries ar:.d protestations of innocence, was 
just about to be pnt to death, when the purveyor came up to tln 
judge and owned himself the murderer. '''hile the oiliccr was 
con
idering what measures to pursue, the Jewish doctor arrived, 
and exculpated the purveyor; and presently after, the tailor took 
the guilt from the Jew, by I.elating the manner of Hunchback's 
death. The jud
e conveyed all the parties before the sultan
 who 
heard their several accounts with amazement, and addressing him- 
self to the \-iziers and emirs of hi::; court, demanded if they had ever 
heard of so strange an event; on which the Christian merchant) 
prostrating himself, declared that he could relate a story st-ill m(xe 
wcnderful. The sultan, desirous to hear it, directed \lÌlli to do ::;0 
he obeyed thus :- 



EXTEnT A I:N)IE
T8. 


125 


THE STORY TOLD BY THE CHRISTIAN !\l ERCJIANT. 
I am a stranger born at Cairo, where, at my:fitther's death, 1 suc- 

eeded to his business, as a very com5iderablc Lroker. Onc <.1aj, as 
T was standing in the puLlic corn-market, a young man, well dre-*l- 
NÌ 
allle to me, and produciug a saJl1l'le of selSame and Turkey 
COIn, desired me to sell for hilll a hun<.1red and fifty 1JUHhels of it 
I--l- +.h0 best price I could get. I presently found a pm.chaser at a 

,undred and ten drachms of silver each bushel. 'flle young man 
WH.... wcl1 pleased with my bargain, and when the corn was deliver- 
ed, I would have paid him the money, but he declined to take it 
hen and went awaYJ leaving tho whole produce of hi::; corn in my 
hands. 
I frequently saw him afterward, and u;'ged hnn to reeei\'e his 
.(..oney, but he always evaded it. At last he stayed away for a 
whole yea.r; and when he came he wa" dre
8cd richer than usual, 
but he was very thoughtful. I pressrd him as lJefore to take his 
ID)ncy, and added an earnest ilnitation for him to enter IllY house 
and dine with me, which at length he complieù with. 
At dinner I perceived my guest fed himsplf with hi
 left hand. 
I could not conceive the cause of his treating me so contemptuously. 
I restrained myself till we had dined, when presenting him with 
some lozenges, whi
h he took in the saBle manncr, I entreated him 
tð 9xplain the my
tcry to me. After dropping a. tea.r, he drew back 
'J.is garment, and producing his right arlll I saw it wal:3 without a 
.balid. I was so shocked at tl-.is disco\"ery, that I sat in silence 
The young man hasing recovered from his confusion, aùùresset' 
"...illL.,;elf to me nearly as follows :- 

l ne good opiniùn I ha\Te fvrmed of you, induces me to reveal 
:a y mi::,fcl'tuue to YOl1
 and the cause of it. 
.C J am a. lJative of Bagclali. Ou the death of my fatber, who 

'a,
 a cOl1::,iùer.1.ble merchant, I resoh'ed to travel. Accordingly I 
I acked '
p many bales of rich stufl':s aud other valuable merchandise, 
tlTld 3rri\'cd safely with them here. But when I exposecl them for 
sale, the mcrchauts thinking to take adyautage of my youth mid 
illexrpricnce, did not Lid me the first cost. One of the cr1crs of 
the Bei,.'stcin percei\ iug how much I was ypxed at thil:3 treatment, 
:Hhised me to ùiyide lIlY good:-; amollg the Cicaler:.;, who would sell 
them on my aceount and settle with me twice a week. I füHowed 
this ad\'ice, which prO\Ted vèry uspfu J to me. 
"One morlling, as I sat in a dea.:
l':
 shop, a lady Came in and sat 



126 


AHABIAK KIGIITS' 


down by me. I was mnch taken with her graceful carriage ...nd 
fine form, and gazed at her with great attention. She ohsPl'yed thi8, 
and undcr pretence of adjusting her yeil, she contrived to let me see 
her face, which was so beantiful, that she entirely completed the C011- 
quest of my heart. She desired the shop-keeper to show her some gclc1 
stuffs, and I was happy to see her fix on one of mine. She agreed wilh 
llÏln for th9 pricc, but not having money enough in her purse to pn
 
for it, she wi
hed to take it home, and promised to l'eturn next da) 
with the money. This the dcaler refused. I put an end to tbe di
. 
pute. by entreating the lady to accept the piece of stuff, which sho 
would only do on condition that I wouIeI meet her next day an 
l.eceive the money for it. To this I was forced to consent, and 
when the lady withdrew she thanked lne in the most engaging 
manner for my civility; adding,' 1\Iay God rewarù you in enlargin.; 
your fortune! may you live many years when I am dead! may the 
gate of heaven be opened to you when you l.croove to the ot.her 
world! and may aU the city proclaim your generosity!' 
":My heart became at once entirely attached to this lüvely 
woman. I returned home in great agitation; and already began 
to wish for the appro<-1l'h of the next day. I could neither eat nor 
sleep; and after a night which seemed the longest I had e,,<,r 
known, I dressed myself with particular attention, and hastened to 
the shop. The lady came and paid me the money, after which w
 
entered into conversation, I embraced this orportunity of telling 
her how much I was devoted to hel' ; on which she was oversprcad 
with blushes, and rising hastily, though without showing dispieas- 
ure, she quitted the shop. 
" I durst not venture to follow her; and havíng made inquiry of 
the 
hop-keeper who she was to very little purpose, I was returnin
 
home pensively, when I felt some one pull my sleeve, and was 
agreeably surprised to see it was the lady's slave. She whisperod 
me softly to follow her at a distance, and led me to a handsome 
house where I found her mistress. The lady had thrown off the 
habit usual in the strcet8, and appeared richly dressed and se. 
charl'ling, that if I loved her 't1efore I adored her now. She apol- 
ogized for haying left tIle so abruptly; 'I did not t.hink fit,' con- 
tinued she, 'to 
ive yon a favorahle answer in the hearing of the 
8hop-keeper, but to deal frankly with you, I think myself happy 
to have a man of so much IDBl'i(. for my lover.' I threw n...yself at 
her feet, in a transport of joy at this wekome declaration; when 



Z);TE!
TAIXl\IEXTS. 



27 


the lady laising m(\ tenderly, desired me to enter an adjoinin
 
apartment, and partake of an entertainment she had prcpared for 
me. 
u From this time there commenced betwecn us a most tender 
1}.nd intimate union. I passed all the time I could 
pare from my 
serious conCel'ns with 
Iargiana (for f1.0 was the lady called), who 
always 'feceived me l\"ith joy, and entertaincd me 8plendidly. As 
I was sensible this was attended with great expensc, I used to leave 
regulary a purse of gold on the sofa when I came away. I con- 
tinued to do so till I had sold all my goods; when I found myselfi 
all at once, without money or the means of oLtailling any. 
"In this desperate condition I walked out of my lodging, and 
careless which way I went, strolled by chance toward the castle, 
w here there was a great crowd waiting to see the sultan. Among 
them was a handsome cavalier, well mounted, who had upon the 
'how of his saddle a tag half open, with a grcen silk string hang- 
ing out, which I had no doubt ,yas the string of a purse. A por- 
t
r passing by on the other side with a load of wood, went so near 
the gentleman as oLliged him to turn his heod that way, to avoid 
.being rubbed by the wood. In that minute did the deyil tempt me 
I seized the string and pulled out the purse so dexterously, that 
none of the by-standel's perceived me, and I had the satisfaction 
to feel that it was very full of money. 
"But though I had escaped the notice of the erowd about me, 
the owner of the purse was more attentiye. K 0 sooner was he 
disengaged from the porter, than, missing his purse, he knocked me 
down. 'This violence shocked the bystanders; some of whom 
seized his bridle, and demanded how he dal'ed to treat a l\I ussulman 
in such a manner. 'I have reason enough,' replied he briskly, 
'this fel10w is a thief.' Everyone took my part still more
 saying 
it was incredible that a young man of my appearance should be 
guilty of so base an action. nut whiJe they held his horse to favor 
mv '3scape, unfortunately the judicary judge came by, and seeing a 
ero rd, demanded the cause. 

'The judge heard the charge against me, and far from suffering 

r.e opinions of the bystanders to bias him, he ordered me to be 
searched; when, to my utter confm.ion, the purse was prescntly 
found and exposed to the view of all the people. :My shame was 
eo great that I swooned away. The judge restored the purse to the 
owner and, on my recovery, admonished me to confess the truth, 



128 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


and sa\Te myself from the torture. I acknow lc'dgerl my guì:t: 'LLIQ 
the judge ordered my right hand to be instantly cut off, whieh was 
done accordingly. He was pl'oceeding to direct my foot to be cut 
off also; but the cavalier iuterceding for me, he 11erruitted me to 
depart without furthpr punishment. 
"As soon as the judge was gone, the mwalier presented me with 
the fat.al purse, saying, , I see plainly it was nece88ity put you on an 
action so unworthy of you, and I a n heartily sorry for your lllis 
fortune,' One of the people observing I was faint with the loss of 
Llood, and overcome with grief and shame, had the charity to také 
DIe into his house, where he caused my arm to be dressed, an}, 
gave me every proper refreshment. 
"In the e, ening I went to 
largiana. I expected that after so 
infamous a transaction, she ,,,ould ùrive me fl'om her, as utterly 
unworthy her notice; but knO\\.in
 it was impossihle to conceal 
the loss of myhand, I determined to meet at once the utmost of 
my mif::\cry. On my arrival I threw myself on a sofa, overspent 
with weakness alJd sorrow; l\Iargialla, hearing of my arrival, 
and that I was indisposed, hastened to me, and endeavored to com 
fort me; I answereù her only with sighs and tears; which induced 
her to fill me a large cup of wine and entreat me to driuk it 
'Y ou are too much dejected,' said she; 'drink thiR, which will ex: 
hilarate your spirits, and then explain to me. the cause of thiB 
uncommon sorrow. 
"I held out my left band to receh-e the cup, and the necessity 
of duing RO, increased my affliction. Soon after the fumes of t,
î
 
wine, added to my fatigue and "caknes
, overcame me l alld I fp11 
into a deer sleep ,,.hich lasted until "morning. 'Yhile I fìlcpt, 
J\Iargim1a lifted up my c
.)ak, and seeing me without my right 
hand, was at no 1088 to account for my distrp

. In tho mOl'uing 
she would not suffer me to depart: but attend{'d me in P{,l'SOlJ tilJ 
f I was completely recoYel'ed. She then led me to a large trunk, 
which 
he oppned, saying, 'Here are all the purses you haye left 
with me; I hav(' not touched ono of them; would to II{'a,Y'{'n you 
had 1,laced fiO much confidence in me as to haye expl."iue(l your 
-3ituation. These I insist on your receinng again, finò :18 I feel I 
e:umot sUl'yive the di
grace I ha\-e brought u}lon you, I will f'ellf1 
for a notary, and leave you my who:e fortune, which is ,my ew,- 
BiJerable.' 
',She made her will accordingly; nor eould my utmost tender 



E
TEH'l'AI
.\IE.NTS. 


129 


ness prevent her sinking, as she had foretold, under the sense of 
my misfortune. She languished a few weeks, and then expired in 
my arms." 
The sultan of Casgar was displeased with the presumption of the 
Christian merchant in comparing this story to that of the little 
Ilunchback; which the purveyor seeing, he entreated permission 
to relate a story more worthy the ear of the sultan. 


THE STORY TOLD BY THE PURVEYOR. 
I was yesterday invited to a sumptuous entertainmcnt, one 
course of which was served up with garlic sauce so excellent, that 
all the company extolled it except one, who declined to partake 
of it; the master of the ll(
use recommending it to him, he replied, 
"I remember too well what the tasting of such a dish once cost 
me. Yet if you persist in urging me, 1 will comply. provided you 
will permit me to wash my hands forty times with alkali, forty 
times with ashes of the same plant, and forty timeS' with soap." 
The curiosity of our host being now excited, he pressed his guest 
more earnestly; and ordered his servants to provide the necessa- 
ries for this extraordinary aùlution. The visitor, who was a mer- 
chant, su hmitted, though with evident displpasure. lIe put a lit- 
tle garlic to his mouth, trembling, and ate it with great reluc- 
tance; after which he arose, and "ashed his hands as he had con- 
ditioned to do. 'Ve were all surprised at this scene, and the more 
so, as we perceived the merchant had lost both his thumbs. 
'Vhen the washings were over the master of the house apolo- 
gized to his guest, and besought him to take his seat again at the 
table, and inform the company why he had such an aversion t{ 
garlic, and also how he became thus maimed. 
rhe merchant with 
great good nature camp lied. 
"I was Lorn," said he," at Bagdad; my father was esteemed one 
ûf the richest merchants of the city; but at his death, it appeared 
that he had lived too expensively; I had scarce enough left to 
pay his debts and bury him. Though I found myse!f poor, when 
I expected the contrary, I did not suffer my spirits to be dejected; 
but took a shop, and hy industry and care, my little fortune began 
to increase beyond my hope. 
"One day a lady attended by a eunuch nnd two female slaves 
came into my shop, and desired to see some of the richest and 
finest stuffs. I modestly told her that I was not rich enough to 
6* 



130 


AR
\.BIAN NIGIl'l'S" 


deal in such ex
ensiYe Q'oods , . but added, if she chose to stay ill 
.L ð 
my Hhop till the merchant camE" I would fetch what she wantecl at 
the lowelSt price. She a
cepteù my ofrer, and as there were v-ary 
few people in the bezestein, she threw off her ve iI, for the benefit 
of the air, and cOllyersed with me very affaLly. lIeI' wit and beauty 
so charmed me, that I became deeply enamol'ed; and when she took 
away with her as 111auy goods, which I had procured, as came to 
five thousand drachms of silver, I gazed after her as long as she 
continued in sight, vdthout once cOllflidering that she had not paid 
for them. 
"The merchants soon awaked me from this reyerie, by calling fOL 
their money. I pretended to know the lady, and requested credit 
for eight days, which they agreed to. The time I passed very un 
easily, but on the morning of the eighth day, I had the pleasure t 
see the lady enter the bezestein, and come directly to my shop. 
She paid me for the goods, and entered into cOllversation with me 
for a long time; after which she desired me to procure other rÌrh 
goods, of which she took away as many as came to a thousand 
pieces of gold. 
" A month elaps
d without my seeing the lady again; and thou
h 
the merchants, pleased with my former punctua1ity, were more 
patient than I could have hoped for, yet at last they became 
clamorous. I was so attached to her, that ruin itself, arisin
 
from her, was scarcP-ly unwelcome. I had prepared myself for 
the worst, and hourly expected it, when tJ1e lady came and paiú. 
me the money I stood engaged for. 
" I was in such haste to pay my del)ts, that I requested her to 
excuse my absence for a few momentR; on which she said to "'.he 
eunuch, 'Let us have your interposition to accommodate our mat- 
ters.' The eunuch laughed, and followed me. As we walked, he 
told me he saw by my eyes how much I loved the lady. 'She, 
continued he, 'is no l('ss pleased with you, and comml.ssiol1ed me 
to wll you that she is ready to become your wife if you desire it.' I 
receh-ed this news 'with transport. On our return he told the lady 
I was satisfied; on which she arose, and telling me, with a smile, 
I should hear from her soon: withdrew. · 
" Some days after the eunuch came alone, and acquainted me that 
the lady was a favorite of ZolJcide, the caliph's sultana, who had 
brought her up from her infancy. 'She has told Zobeide,' added 
be, ' of her intended marria.ge
 and that beautiful princess will pro 



EXTERT AIN':\IE
TS. 


131 


yjde liberally for you both; lmt she wishes to see you before the 
marrÏ3ge takes place. IIa,ye you COlll'age to yenture being intro- 
duced into the ladies' apartments in the palace, where JOu know 
men are not alluwed to ellter; and in which, if we fail, your life is at 
an end l' 'I am ready,' ('xdninH'd Ii ' to hazard anything for such 
an angel.' '1\lo('t mc, then,' l'('l'li('cl the ('unuch, ' this evening at the 
mOt-que 011 the Lallks uf the Tigris.' 
" I ditlnot f,til to attC'nd at the time appointed. "\Vhen I arrived, 
at the mosque, 1 found SOlnl' men bringing in :several large trunks. 
In a short time they aU withdrew except one, whom I soon found 
to be my friendly el1llUch. At the ::;ame instant tho lady entered at 
another door. I would IULYe thrown myself at her feet, but she 
prevented me. '''
 e have no time for compliments,' said she, ' get 
into One of these trunks, and lmwe the management of thIS affair 
to me.' I obeyed, tremLling 
 mid IJresently all the trunks were 
conveyed to no boat, an<11'oweù down the Tigris to the water-gate 
of the palace. 
" On our arrintl, the trunks were carried into the apartment of 
the chief of thé eunuchs; who ha\'ing retired to rest, was obliged 
to :rise; as nothing could he carried into the I alace without his 
inspection. The crabbed old man, displeat;ed at being disturbed, re- 
solved to execute his office with severity. ' I will have,' said he, 
, all theRe trunks opened, before I Buffer them to pass,' At the 
same time he commanded the eunuchs to bring them before him, and 
begin with the one in which I lay. 
"The favorite lady, however, was not easily daunted. 'Every- 
thing in these trunks,' said she, ' belongs to our mistress. That in 
particular, contains bottles of the sacred Zemzem* water, sent from 
Mecca for her use. Should any accident happen to them from yonr 
impertinent ohstinacy, prepare to abide by the consequences, as I 
8hall not fail to report your conduct to Zobeide.' 1'he eunuch in- 
timidated by this spirited beha,'ior gave up the point, and suffered 
us to pass without further interruption. 
" The tl'llllks were now '3arried into the apartments of Zobeide, 
lJUt were scarcely ùeposited, when the caliph appeared. lIe asked 
v;-\.'1.t they cvntained, and was told rich stuffs for the sultana, on 


ill TheTe is 3. fountain at Mecca which the Mohammedans believe was the Bprinf!' 
wldch nod showed to Hagar. after Abraham was obliged to put her away j this 
w'1.ter is called Zemzem water, and is dranlt by way of de\-otion. It is sent in pre" 
ents tc princ p ! and grt'Ri; men. 



132 


ARABIAN Jl;lf: IlTS' 


which he de.-:ired to see them. In vain the TIworHe lady pleaded 
her mistress' orders, 110t to have them opened. ' I will undertake 
to reconcile her to you,' said the caliph, , in the meantime I will be 
obeyed.' 
, }'ortunatcly the other trunks did contain rich apparel and trink. 
ets, thes
 the favorite displayed, and, "ith much prolixity, pointed 
out their several excellences to the caliph. At last they were all 
opened except the trunk in which I was concealed. 1'he favorite 
ordered three eunuch"s to take them away, but the caliph remember. 
ed ther9 was one he had not examined, and directed that to be 
opened also. The favorite appeared ready to obey. She eyen un 
locked it. I shudder now, at remembering the terrors I felt at t.hat 
moment. But, as if recollecting herself, she entreated the calip!1 
to excuse her, as that trunk contained some articles she particularly 
wished to remain as they were till Zobeide had seen them. Thp. 
caliph, pleased with her former compliance, and tired with the tmr 
vey, admitted her apology; the trunk was again locked, and I WaR 
conveyed in safety to another apartment. 
"The favorite lady came very shortly and released me. 'You are 
now,' said she, , in perfect safety. I shared in your alarm, anù, in- 
deed, in your danger; since, had you been discovered, our fate 
would have been the same. To-morrow I will introduce you to the 
princess. Be of good courage,. continued she; 'I reueat that yov 
are perfectly safe here. I wìU order you proper refreshments, ba
 
cannot see you any morc this evening.' 
" In the morning I was introduced to :lobe ide, who, after a long 
conversation, dismissed me, saying, 'I am glad that my daughter (a8 
she tenderly called her favorite) has made so good a choice; I con. 
Bent to your marriage, which shall be solemnized here; you may 
remain, and I will inform the caliph of your situation.' Accord- 
ingly, at the end of ten days, our nuptials were celebrated with great 
stab. A noble feast, was prepared, at w hich, amo
g other delicacies, 
was a ragout with gar1ic, of which I ate heartily; but unfortunately 
when I arose from the table, I only wiped my hands instead of 
washing them. 
" In the evening the apartments were lit up with t11C utmost 
magnificence. l\Iy bride and I were illtroduced into a great hall, 
and seated upon two thrones. We had a grand concert of music. 
after which the women who attended her changed her dress, find 
painted her face with different sorts of colors, according to the 
usnal custom on wodding days; and every time 8he clumged he.. 



EXTERT.\ I
'IENTS. 


133 


habit thð'y presented hf'r to me. In the cYèning we were con- 
ducted to the nuptial chamber, where, when the company retired, 
I approached to embrace my wife; but instead of receiving me 
with transport, she pushed me from her: and cried out loudly. 
The ladies, who had not withdrawn far
 came running into the 
chamber to know the cause, while I Atood like one thunderstruck. 
, Take away,' said !She, ' that ,'ile fellow out of my sight.' 'Alas!' 
replied 1,' how have I incurred your displeasure l' , "\\T retch !' 
I 
said she, 'have you llot neglected to wash your hands after eating 
garlic 1 but I will punish your disrespect as it deserves.' She then 
i:..irected her slaves to strip me, find I received from them a furious 
bastinadoing, after which sbe ordered my hands and feet to be cut 
off. 
" I was terrified at this severe sentence, anù cried out,' Is it not 
enough to be thu
 disgraced and unmercifully beaten, hut I must 
lose my hands and feet also, for eating a ragout of garlic, and for- 
getting to waRh my hands afier it 1 Plague on the ragout! plague 
on the cook that dressed it! and may he be equally unhappy that 
scrved it up!' The ladics took pity on me, and interceùeù for 
me; but they could only prevail with my wife to be satisfied with 
cutting off my thuml;)s and great tocs, which was immediately 
done. 
"Through vexation and loss of blood, I fainted. 'Yhen I re- 
vived I found no one with me but an old woman, who attended me 
with tolerable care till I recovered. Notwithstanding this harsh 
treatment, I stilllov
d my wife; I sent the most pressing entreaties 
to be admitted once nlore into her prcsence; after many refmmls 
she yielded. I apologized to her for my indiscretion, and solemnly 
swore if eyer I ate garlic again, I would wash my hands in the 
manner you have seen. Upon this the lady forgave me, and con- 
sented to receive me as her husband, 
u"\Ve continu('d s
inc time in the apartments of Zobeidc 7 from 
whose bounty we received a present of fifty thousand sequins; and 
notwithstanding our rou
h outset, my wife and I liyed together in 
the utmost harmony for about a year, wl)('n she fell Rick and died. 
It was to divert my melancholy for her loss) that induced me to tra.Yel 
hither." 
" '1'his story," said the caliph7 "is truly singular, but not equal to 
tha.t of poor Hunchback." Upon which the Jew doctor asl{ed 
h
a'.e to relate one; which being granted, he proceeded thus :- 



134 


AHABIAN NIGHTS' 


THE STORY TOI.D BY THE JEWISH PHYSICIAN. 
Some time ago I was sent fur to attend a. patient in the famíl 
of the governor ')f Da,mascus. I .was introduced to a young mal. 
of good mien, but much dejected; on requesting to feel his pulse) 
he presented me willI his left band; I was about to resent the in 
dignity; 1Jut finding he was very ill I suppressed my displeasure l 
and prescribed such medicines as I thuught l1ecessary. 
He recovered very fast under my care; yet still, aB often as I 
had occasion to feel his puh:ie, he cOlltinued to present his l
rt 
hand. Oll the tenth day I ordered Lathing, and was about to takù 
my leave; but my patient requested I would attend him to the 
Lath. I complied; and when he began to undress, I perceived 
that his right hand had been lately cut off. I suppose my looks 
expressed much surprise; for, after bathing, the young man led 
me to a saloon, and addressed me thus: 
" I am 80 much indeLted to your abilities for my speedy reeov- 
ery, that I cannot I.efuse you the satisfaction of knowillg by what 
accident I became thus mutilated, and which, in truth, was the 
l
au
e of the disorder from. which you have relieved me. 
"I was Lorn at :Jloussoul; my father was the eldest of ten 
brothers, all of them merc.hants. As 1 was an only son, and none 
of my uncles had children, I was mueh caressed Ly them all; and 
was earlier than usual introduced iuto the company of men. One 
day my father and his brothers ,,'ere talking about Egypt, 
and Cairo its capital. They were all eloquent in its praise. 'In 
that harpy country,' said Iny father, 'the bounty of nature is most 
abundant; the "\yonùers of human art are innumerable l'he re- 
duudancy of the Kile renders the land at once beautifu
and.fer- 
tile. The inhabitants are 1110I'e polishcd, the womcn in particular 
are more agreea1Jle and beaut.iful tban in any other city. If you 
view the pyramid8, tho:se mOllmneuts uf '1,llcient magnifiepnce, you 
are af'toni::;hpd; th{'
e lJllilding8 are, at once, proufs of the ridws of 
the Pharaohs VdlO built them, and of th ') aLilitim
 of the artbts or 
th:1t early pcriod; for though the tilllt
 of the erection is so far 
lJ3ck that the learned can only conjecture ,,,,hen it wa.s, yet they 
remain perfect to this day, :lnd proLa1Jly will do so for ages to 
come. N or are the instauces of modern ingenuity less interesting. 
In 
hort, the commerce, the riches, the numlJCr aud variety af 
strangers to be founà there, justify the proverb, that he that hatt 
not seen Egypt, hath not seen the greatest sig,ht in tlie worl(l.' 



ENT ERT.AI:K
IENTS. 


135 


.c I lu;tened to this eulogiulll with much attention and from 
that time, nothing employed my thoughts hut a journey to Uail.o. 
:Fortullately some of my undes were seized with the same de
ire. 
1 immediately Lecame importunate with my father for permission 
t join the caravan; for a long time I sued in vaiu; hut my uncles 
'Presðillg the salUe request, IllY father agreed to a part of my de- 
tJre. lIe allowed me to go as far as Damascus, on condition I 
should wait there for my ullclps' return from Egypt; and that I 
IDight not he without employ, he ga.ve me a cargo of goods, suited 
to that market, to dispose of for my own profit. 
"\\.hen .we arrived at Damascus, my unclel::i took a house for 
me, and introduced me to the prillcipal merchants. After their 
departure, 1 applied myself to business with great diligence and 
success. The prudence of my conduct endeared me to my new 
friends, and I became every day lUore wealthy and more respecteù. 
" 
Iy tranquillity was at last destl'oyed by a singular accident. 
I became acquainted with a very Leautifullaùy, who used to come 
occasionally and sup with me. I attached myself to her with all 
the eagerness of afi'ection so natural to youth and inexperience. 
One eveuin
 she began to discourse with me Oll the power of 
beúuty. I 'was declaring how immoveahly my heart was fixed on 
her, when she interrupted me, and said; with an ellchanting smile, 
, 1Ye shall soon see this boasted constallcy tried. A particular 
friend of mine hath long wished to see you; I have undertaken to 
introduce her: but I forewarn you to guard your heart. Her 
beauty far exceed!:! nline; and her wit and vivacity make her al- 
most irresistible, "':Tet I have no design of l'esignillg you to her; be- 
ware, therefore for I am going to put your heart to a strange 
trial.' 
" A few evening8 after, the two ladies paid me a vi::;it. I soon 
found my friend had not said too much of her companion's charms. 
If I had been pleased with the one, I was enraptured with the 
other. I receiyed them with all the politeness in my power, and 
in vited thelll to take part of a collation I had prepared; but I 
did this with so much emotion, that my former acquaintance laugh.. 
ingly "
P 
 lared I was already unfaithful. 
" During supper I sat opposite my new visitor, who displayed 
ber charms as if on purpose to captivate me. But by inspiring 

1e, she took fire also herself; her eyes answered mine, in a Ian.. 
guage very easily understood by lovers; and when the wine b
d 



136 


AHAlllAN !SIGHT;:;' 


circulated a little, we each incautiously suffered our new pa:tSlJV 
to appear unrestrained. 
" .ì\ly fiI.
t acquaintance continued to I'ally us with great gooò 
humor, laughing chietly at me, and repeating my former prote
ta. 
tions. By degrees this pleasa.ntry subsided. She became first 
pec,-ish, and then sullen. At length) havilig sat silent a conside! 
able time, she arose alld went out of the room. A few momente 
aftCl', the other lady fell into convulsions, and expired in my arms 
while I was calling for assistance. In the midst of my alarm and 
confusion, I inquired for the lady who had withdru"wn, and I foun
. 
she had left the house, I then suspected, what was certainly the 
case, that, instigated by rage and jealousy, she had conveyed 
poison into her fricnd)s wine, which she had just before poured 
out fur her. 
h I was excessively afflicted at this fatal aceident, and a good 
deal alarmcd for the consequences that nlight probably follow 
from it. To avoid the latter, I ordered my '3ervants (who fortu. 
nateiy "were the same I had brought from 
loussolll) to take I:p the 
l'tLvement in the yard, and i!lter the body. In the morning I was 
ready for a jourlley. I sent for my landlurd, and told bim pm'. 
ti,mlar business obliged me to follow my uncles to Cairo. I paid 
him a year's rent in advance, and affixed my seal to the door of 
the house. I then set out for Cairo, attended l.)y all my domestics. 
"I continued three years in that city, taking care regularly to 
r;cnd my rent to my landlord. A.t last I dp.t.ermined to return 
home, and arriving in my way ai; Damascus took possession of 
my former habitation, 
" In cleaning out the room where I used h eat, one of my ser- 
vantE found a beautiful pearl necklace, whicr, 1. lmmediately knew 
was worn by the lady who had so unfortunately perished in my 
arm-s. I sheù many tears over it; and resolved to remain a fow 
days at Damascus, to indulge the melancholy sensations which 
this accident rcyivcd. .After f50me time my ea
h was nearly ex- 
hausted; anù as I found the sight of the necklace only eontrib- 
utcd to make me wretched, I determined to part with it. instead 
of c
'.rryiug any of my own gooùs to market. 
., I weut accordingly to the bezestein, and employed a criel. 
() 
RllOW it to the jewellers. After a time he returned and told me 
that th'3 pearls had been examined, and proved to he false, HnJ 
that the utmost be could geL for it "as fifty sherifs. 



FNTERTAINlUENT8. 


187 


"As I was entirely ignorant of its value, I crdered the criJr b, 
sell it and bring me the money. I waiteù 80lue time for his returJ;. 
and when he came, there were sPTeral }Jeople with him, Olie of 
whom was the judiciary judge, who asked me if that necklace 
was mine, and if I had offered to sell it for fifty sherifs? 011 my 
admitting this, anuther person, who \'.as a jeweller, said to the 
judge, 'You see, my lord, my charge i-:; true; the necklace is 
mine. The pearls alone are worth two thom;and sherif
, and this 
young fellow offering to take fifty for it, is a full proof that he 
stole it.' The judge having satisfied himself as to the rea.l value 
of the pearls; ordered me to 1>e baðtilladoed till I confel5scd how I 
came Ly it. This was instantly done with so much t;everity, that, 
overcome with the torture, I confcst:;ed the charge; on which the 
judge delivered the necklace to the jeweller, alld ordered my right 
lmnd to be cut off. 
" This sentence was executed on the spot, after which I was set 
at liberty. I ret
1rned home, overcome with shame and sorrow. 
!tIy landlord, who had heard of my misfortune, came and con- 
doled with me; but concluded his discourl5e by telling me, that as 
I had brought my
elf to so much infamy, 1 must immeùiately quit 
his house; nor was it without great difficulty I could prevail with 
him to let me stay three days. 
" I felt now still more severely the disgrace which had befallen 
me; and my grief was aggravated by considering the appearance 
I should make before my father and my uncles. 1Vhile I was re- 
volving these tormenting deas, my house was surrounded by the 
officers of justice, attended by a great crowd of people, at the head 
of which was the jeweller who had so falsely accused me. They 
forced open the doors, seized and bound me, reviling and execrating 
me all the time in the harshest terms. For some time I demanded 
in vain the cause of this violence; at length I was told that the 
necklace I had stolen was the }wopcrty of the governor, whose 
daughter had been miEsing aLove three years, and had that neck- 
lace on w hcn she was la
t ëecn. 
" On hearing this, I gave myself up for lost. Despair supplied 
the place of courage, l\Iy life was become hateful to me. I de- 
termined, therefore, to relate the whole truth to the governor, and 
to meet with resolution a fate I hardly wi3hed to escape. \rlwn 
I was brought before him he ordered me to Le unbound, and Ioù- 
served he l09ked upon me with an c'ye of compassion. 'Is tbia 



]38 


ARABIAN 1\IGHTS' 


tho man,' said 110 to the jewellcr, , whom you charged with havin6 
!Stolen thi8 necklace l' l\Iy adversary durst not deny it. ' I know, 
relJlied the governor, , he is fa.lsely accused.' Encouraged by this 
declaration, I avowed my innocence, protesting that the confession 
I had made was extorted from me by torture. ' I am ready,' con- 
tinued I, , to relate how it came into my hands; but as to that man, 
whose Yillany has brought me into such disgrace, I declare I never 
saw him till this fatal day; nor have J the least reason to believe 
the necklace was ever seen by him before.' 'I know enough of 
tllÏs matter myself,' replicd the governol', 'to be 
ertain of your 
innocence. Take away,' said he,' this base jC''rcHer; let him un. 
dergo the same punishment he hath villanously brought upon this 
poor young man, to whose use I confiscate his effects.' 
"The assembly being dismisseù, the governor withdrew with me 
into a private room, where he det.;ired me to tell him without fear 
how I came into possession of the necklace. I related to him 
every circumstance, at which he wa
 greatly' affected. ' Good 
God!' said he, 'thy judgments are incomprehensible; I receive 
with entire submission the stroke thou hast been pleased to inflict 
on me. Know, my child,' said be to me,' I am th
 father of the 
two young ladies yûu have been speaking of. 
'" The first lady who had the imprudence to come to your house 
was my eldest daughter. I had given her in marriage to my 
brother's son, who was settled in Cairo. At his death she returned 
home, corrupted with all manner of wickedness. Th
 lady who 
died so deplorably ill your arms, was a very prudent young woman 
till her eldest sister rcturned from Egypt, who made her insensibly 
as wicked as herself. On the absence of my younger daughter, 1 
made all possible inquiry after her, to no purpose; and I recollect 
now, that from that time, my eldest daughter devoted herself to sor- 
1.0W; repenting no doubt of her jealous fury, she denied herself all 
manner of food, and in that manner put an end to her wretched life. 
" 'Such,' continued the governor, 'is the state of man! Buch tho 
calamities from which no rank is secured! Ba.t to make you rep- 
aI'a1ion for what you have suffered on their account, I will give 
you in marriage the only child I have left, who is younger and 
more beautiful than cither of her .j8ters, You Rhall baye no other 
housc but mine; and \yhCll I die you shall be my heir.' I acc('pted 
tbe governor's proposal with joy; the contract was drawn, and our 
nuptials would have been celebrated dhectly, but the fC\t3r from 



E
TERT AINMENTS. 


139 


which your skill hf1,
 delivered me followed the 108s (, f my hand 
and the agitations I had undergone. As I am now recovereù, my 
marriage will this day be conlpleted." 
The sultan being pleased with this story, directed the tailor tlJ 
repeat any remarkable occurrence which had befallen him. 


THE STORY TOLD BY THE TAILOR. 


A citizen of this city invited me two days ago to an entertain- 
ment. The company were nearly assembled, "hen the master of 
the house introduced a 8tranger, polite and well dressed, but lame. 
The young man paid his compliments very reE:pectfnlly to every 
one, till he came to a barber, 1Jr hen he started back, and hastened 
toward the door. The Dlaster of the house, surprised at his emo- 
tion, stopped him, and desired he would explain the cause. :, For 
God's sake, sir," replied the stranger, " let me go; I cannot without 
horror look upon that aùominable barber. His face resembles an 
Ethiopian, and his soul is ten times more black and horriLle than 
his fa
e." 
\tVe were all amazed to hear these expressions,. and began to look 
very unfavorably on the barljer, when our host said to the young 
man: " I brought you to my house to give you pleasure, and can- 
not wish to detain you agail1l:!t your inclinations; but I would be 
glad to know why you eXpre8:3eJ yourself against one of my guests 
with 80 much bitterness. You owe," continued he, "this explana- 
tion to me and to my other friends, that we may expel him from 
our society, if he is unworthy of it." 
" Gentlemen,:' replied the stranger," this cursed barber is th9 
cause of my being lame. Besides: to his imlìertinence I owe the 
severest disappointment and disgrace. On this account, I have 
made a vow never to remain in the city 'Where he dwells. To avoid 
him I left Bagdad and travelled hither, into the heart of great 
Tartary; and I will now leave your city, and go, if I can, where 
he shall never come." Everyone became interested to hear the 
cause of so great an aversion. The Joung man 8uffered himself to 
be prevailed on to relate the reason; and setting down on the sofa, 
with his back to the barber, gave us the following acoount: 
"Yery early in my life I contracted an aversion to women; in.. 
B3much that I 
arefully avoided all conversation with them; Lut 
I chanced one day to cast my.eye up to a window, wllere I saw a 
YO:1ng lady of such exquisite beauty, RI.;/ at once dissipated my pre- 



140 


ARABIAN KIG HTS' 


judices, and inspired me with love, On inquiring who it was I was 
thus enslaved bv I had the murtification to hear that ::;he was the 
., , . 
only child of the first cadi, a man of great wcalth, Imt of still 
greater pride and severity of manners. As all hope of obtaining 
an interview with my charmer was imprQLo.hle, I tlÍoù to subdue 
my passion. But instead of succeeding, I found Iny health 80 
affected by the tumult of my ruin], th:.lt I was obliged to cunfine 
myself to my Led. I grew worse daily, lJut carefully kept secret 
the cause of my di
order. At last a nota,òle old lady coming to see 
me, observed I sighed often. She began to talk with me about 
love, a.nd being a woman of address, she found out the source of 
my disorder. 
" To her I unbosomed ll1ys
lf, _ and the old lally, delighting in 
such commissions, undertook to procure mc an interview ,vitli my 
mistress. This was by no means an easy lUldertaking, for the caùi 
had brought up bis daughter with so much strictness that it was a 
long time befm'e she would hear of such a meaSUI'e. :My tru8ty 
advocate had mt and perseverance; and at last obtained, hardly, 
the young lady's consent to receive me on the following Eriday, at 
the time of noon prayers, when the cadi went to the mosque. 'rhese 
welcome tidings restored my health and Rpirit8, 80 that before the 
appointed time, I was perfectly recovered. 
" \Vhen the eagerly expected morning arrived, I dressed myself 
to the best advautage, and sent for a barber to shave me. ,My 
8Ia,'e brought with him this wretch. 'Vhen he came in, 'Sir,' said 
he, 'you look as if you were not well; pray lci me know what ser- 
yice I can do for you. I have brought my lancets as well as my 
razor, and am prcpared to bleed as well as to shave you.' I told 
him I only wanted to be shaveù, and that immediately, as I had an 
appointment to attcnd at noon. 
" He was a long time opening bis cft.se, and preparing his razors; 
when, instead of proceeding to shave me, he took out an astrolabe, 
and went very graycly out of the I'OOlll to the middle cf the yard 
to take the height of the sun. Returning with the same gravity, 
he said, ' Sir, you will he pleased to know that this day is Friday, 
the 18t
 of the month Safar, and that the conjunction of 1\lars aDd. 
!\lm.cury signifies you canllot chooBe a better time than thi
 ver y 
day and this very hour for being 8hayed. But this conjunction Lf! 
also ominous to ,you. You" ill t1
is day be in great dang('r, n,::t 
indeed of losing your life, but of an inconvenieI:ce which will at- 
tend JOu as long as you live.' 



bNTEUT.AI:r\.ME.NT8 


141 


" I was quite enraged at hi: prating and impet,tinellce. I did 
Dot send for you,' said I, 'to instruct me ill astrology, but to t;havo 
me; which I insist on your doing directly, or go about Jour busi- 
ness.' 'Sir,' l'cplied he with a dulness that put me out of all pa- 
t.ience, 'why do you put yourself in a passion? Do you think I 
am a comIllon ShaVEI" 1 You sent for a barlJer only; but besides 
haying in me the best barber in Bagdad, you lun-e also an expe- 
rienced l)hysician; a very profound chemist, an infallible astrolo- 
ger, a finished gl'ammarian, a complete orator, a subtile logician, 
an admirable mathematician and historian; be
ides; I know all 
parts of philosophy. I am a poet, an architect, and excel in all 
the sciences. Your late father, my very good friend, whose mem- 
ory I revere, held me in the highest esteenl. I am-' 'Prithee, 
peace, thou endless babbler,' exclaimed I, iutcrrupting him, ' and do 
the business I scnt for you to do.' 

, , You do me wrong,' replied he, · to call Ine a babbler; on the 
contrary, all the world give me the honorable title of Silent.' 
Finding he was again beginning to harangue, I ordered my slave 
to pay him, and turn him out of doors; but even this did not re- 
lieve me. ' I came here,' eaid he, ' to shave you; and by the Íc:<tith 
of a l\Iussulman, I will not leave you until I have performed that 
operation.' 
In hope of getting rid of him, I submitted to be shaved by 
bim, only desiring him to be speedy. lIe had scal.cely begun to 
use his razor, when he stopped, saying, ' I wonder, sir, you will 
not avoid those transpcrts of rage, which come only from the Ilk 
devil. J3esides, you ought to have more respect for a man of my 
age) knowledge, and many virtues. You have an engagement at 
noon; why, it now wants at least three hours of that time.' Again 
he laid down his razor, ..,nd took up his astrolabe, leaving me half 
shaved, to go and see what time of day it was. 'I told you,' 
aid 
l.e, on his return, 'you have time enough.' I could hold no 
longer. 'You cursed bm'ber, you barber of mischief,' said I, ' I know 
not what hinders me from strangling you!' 'Patience, sir,' said 
he, ' I am just about to complete. your business.' 
"I should weary you in relating how he further exercised my 
patience. I heard the first and last call to noon prayers: I WP.9 
1l0t even able to rid myself of this abominable follow, till long 
ufter they had begun. I hastened then to my appointment, but 
had th
 mortification 
o perceive ho followed me. I passed hastily 



]42 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


through many streets, in hope of giving him the t!lip; whh.h when 
I thought I had cOllllJleted, I hastcned to the cadi's house; but n.s 
I ascended the stairs, to the young laùy's apartment, I saw him 
take his station opposite the door of the mansion. 
" ::\Iy lllistre
s receiyed me kindly, anù I should have been per- 
fpctly happy, had I not dreaded this impertincnt fellow would ex- 
po
e me. K or was tbis fear groundless; whcn the cadi rerurueù 
he did not. come near his daughter"s apartments, but it chanced 
that he chastised a slave who had misbehaved. Tho barber, hear- 
ing his outcries, supposed they came from mc; and officiously 
8creaming out, he rent his clothes, threw dus-t on his head, and 
called out to the neighbors for assistance. A c::owd soon gathered 
round the hùuse, to whom thc barber cried out,' IIelp, 
Iussullllalls, 
for the love of God! they are assassinating my master, my dear 
patron. I saw him go in here, and they have been just now bas- 
tinadoing him, for I heard his outcries.' 
"The crowd became cnraged at th:8 story, nor could even the 
venerable presence of th6 cadi insp ire them with respect, when 
he came forth to pacify tliem. 'Ah! you cursed cadi! you dog 
of a caùi r exclaimed the barber,' how durst you thus assault a 
l\Iussullllan? I know your daughter is in love with my patron, 
and hath invited him here, during the timc of noon prayers, and I 
beard him cry out unùer the barbarous discipline you inflicted on 
him.' The cadi denied all thi
i but finding the people continued 
enraged, he offered to permit the burber, r.nd two or three others, 
to enter his house and search for me. 
" At the beginning of the disturbance, I had hid myself, at the 
earnest request of the young lady, in a large empty trunk. This 
trunk escaped the attention of the other people; but the officious 
barber opened it, and no Booner saw me, tb.vll he gave a great shout, 
and placing it on his head, ran into the Btr
e
. AB he carried me, 
one part of the trunk, which was very old, fell off, and exposed me 
to the shouts of the mob, now very much lisposed to turn the 
matter into a jest. I could not bea
 thie, 'but le
ped out intu the 
st.n
et with so much haste, that I hurt my leg, aLd 
ave been lame 
ever since. 
h I was not sensible at first how bad I W a s hurt and therefore 
" , 
baving thrown handfuls of money among the people, I endeavored 
+'0 escape; but the mischievoUB barber still continued to persecute 
rje. ' Stay, sir,' cried he, ' why do you run 80 fast 1 Alas! if you 



. 


E
 n:n I'} Il";\TF
'''S. 


143 


b
ld taken my advice, you would [04. ...l:t\Te been in that 
eíJous 
situation, from which it was my good fortune tv deliver you. 
'Vhither do you run, then, sir 7 gt.1Y for me.' 
" Not content with this, he went all over the town relating this 
story, with a variety of ridiculcus circumstances of his own inv
n
 
tion. In short, finding when I was cured that I had no more hope 
of seeing the lady, aHd that the people "yere eyerywhere disposed 
to laugh at me, through the malice or folly of this detestable 
barber, I determined to quit for ever my native city; alid never 
to remain ill any other, if that fellow snould como to it. Having 
now, gentlenlPn, gratified your cUl'iosity, I must desire that you 
will permit me to fulfil that resolution." Saying this, he arose, 
and without looking at the barber, bade us farewell. 
'Ye expressed our surprise at this story, and some of us began tv 
blame tbe barber, who raising up his head for the first time, at,- 
knowledged the story to be generally true. "But," said he, "did 
not he throw himself into the danger I warned him of} and from 
which I delivered him; what reason then has he to complain of me ? 
But thus it is, to serve unthankful people! As to his story of my 
being a prattling fellow, it is an absolute scanQal. .)f seven 
brothers I am the lea
t talker, though the most ,vit.ty. T} CJn- 
'vince you, gentlemen, I need only relate to you their stories. a
 ð 
my own. Let me request your attention. 


THE STORY OF THE BARBER. 
In the reign of the late caliph, the roads near Bagdad were 
much infested by ten highwaymen. Their depl'edatiom
, every 
day more insolent, at length reached the ear of the caliph, who 
commanded the judge of the police to apprehend them within a 
i:mited time, on pain of death. l\larmed at this rigorous order, 
C.a judge exerted him

lf so effeetually, that they were all taken 
is tbe uext 'lay, which was the day 
f Bairam. As it was holiday 
time, I WIlS walking on the banks of the Tigris, and 
eeing a num- 
">er of well-dressed men er.ter a baat, 1 concludqd they were ooillg 
to sp
nd the festival in jollity: 80 ..Jltithout ceremony, I enter"d 
tht boat aloD
 with them. Every one preserved a profound silencp J 
!], d r l)r.
sßntly observed pu.t of the company were officeru of the 

ûh%. I 
.lfid very little time to reflect on my situation. which I 
)f'
a....
. do with much uneasiness, when '\'\"'9 landed l.t 4-he royal 
'
. i' 

t,C
) '"X 
 ere .\-e were received by a f>arry of guard3, who bound 



144 


AUABIAN KIGIITS' 


u
 all with cords, that had not thv ciJfoIigns of office in their hanås. 
Expostulation I saw was in vain; I ßuffered myself, therefore
 to 
be led away with the highwaymen, without remonstrauce. \Vhen 
we were brought before the caliph he ordered 0\11' heads to be 
immediately struck off. All my companions were clamorou8 for 
mercy: I alone was silent. The executioner soon despatched the 
highwaymen, and was proceeding to put me to death, when the 
caliph, seeing something in my appeara.nce which took his atten- 
tion, condescended to examine me himself. I related to him the 
accident which brought me into my perilous situation, with so 
much simplicity, that the caliph was convinoed of my innocence, 
and set me at large; highly commending my fortitude and silence 
in a moment of so much danger. After this, it is hardly neces- 
sary to relate to you the stories of my six' brothers, whose charac- 
ters brigllten mine. Yet for your amusement, I am willing to re- 
peat them. 


THE STORY OF THE BARBER'S ELDEST BROTHER. 

Iy eldest brother, whose name was Bacbouc, had the misfor- 
tune to be humpbacked. He was a tailor, and having but little 
businoss, could scarcely maintain himself. Opposite his shop lived 
a wealthy miller, who had a very handsome wife, with whom my 
silly brother fell in love. The miller's wife soon perceived the 
conquest she had made, and determined to turn his passion to her 
amusement; she often smiled upon him from her window, and 
whenever she appeared there, he did not fail to express his passion, 
by every grimace he could invont. 
The miller's wife was all this time studying to punish his pre- 
sumption. She began by send ing him stuffs to be mad.e uT into 
different garments. All these, the slave used to tell him, her mjs. 
tress prnised highly; but she never sent any money for '-,he nH
kinl
 
or trimmings. lIe was too gallant [.0 ask for any, an..l oft en went 
with a hungry belly in the evelliD
, after havin
 Iahored hard all 
day for his unmerciful mistress; but as the slave did not forget W 
hint en
ry now and then what a progress he was making in her 
affection, the poor tailor was quite happy in hiE! sufferings. ...\fter 
some time, the lady fearing others should take notice of lla.c1){)uc ' l3 
behavior, and by that means her character might }B -l
persed, 
contrived to get rid of him in the following manner. 
She related to her husband tbe Htory of my brother's Jove, avd 



E
TI<:RI''\ I
::\[ E'NTS. 


Ill) 


b
r rlan to puniRl! it. The miller, higlJly delighted: rradily agreed 
to p-,ive his assistance. The t;ame en'lliug he callel upon my 
brother, and inyited him to sup with him. lbd)(HlC had no doubt 
1:ut his mist reI's had contrived this invitation; he was overjoyed, 
and put on his best apparel, to look more amiahle in her eyes. 
'1'he repast 'was a. homcly one, but the tailor was too much in love 
to find fault with it. "\Vhen it grew late, the miller said, " Brother, 
you had better not go home to-night: I will show you a bed in the 
mill." "\Vhich offer Bacbouc thankfully accépted. 
Early in the morning: the miller went to my brother, and said, 
" Neighbor, my mule is ill, and I hayc no great deal of corn to grind 
to-day, you will do me much kindne.,s if you will turn my mill in 
Ler stead." Bacbouc, willing to oblige, consented. 1'he miller 
fastened the tackle to him in such a mauner tha.t he could not dis- 
engage himself, and then giving !::m two or three smart cuts with 
a horsewhip, said, " Go, neighbor !'
 " Hold !" replird my 1Jrother, 
" why do you whip me 1" "'Tis to make you briðk F' saia the mil- 
ler, giving him at the same time a hearty cut; "my mule is nevp1" 
brisk without I whip her. Courage, neigh bor," continued he, using 
the whip all the time, "you perform -admirably; I shall always 
think myself bound to you for your friendly assistance." In short, 
the miller drove poor Bacbouc round, continuing to whip him, 
till his strength was nearly exhausted. His persccutc.r tIlen with- 
drew, and the slave who had fed his hopcs appeared and released 
him. She would fain have persuaded him that her mistress knew 
nothing ûf the treatment he had l'eceivûd, and wou!d be exceed- 
ingly sorry for it. Bacbouc heard her in silence. fI nd crept bome 
to his house, smarting, fatigued, a
ham
d, and entirely cured of his 
illicit passion for his neighbor's wife, 


STORY OF THE BARBER'S SECOND BROTHER. 
l\Iy second brother was called Bacharah. One day an old 
woman came up to him, and asked l.im in a wh iRper, if he loved l1. 
gool1 treat, and could he ol)ligillg to a fine woman. On his an- 
swering yes, she said, "Follow me, then, aud I ,'rill conduct you to 
hoth:' 
'Vhen she bad led him to the !;aloon of a hand:-;onw palace, sho 
t:aid, " The lady I shall introduce you to is of admirahle beauty, 
1Hlt of Yf'ry fanciful humor; if you agree to suhmit to her caprice, 
{. wilJ cngag-e she wiIll'cceh'e you fa,yoratJly." l\Iy brother
 see- 
7 



1.16 


ARABIAN KIGIITS' 


ing everything aùout him very elegant, was delighted ,,'ith l.ås 
good fortune, and readily agreed to sulJl1lit to whatever should Ll\ 
required of him. 

'he old woman made a signal, when two slaves entered, nnrI 
conducted Bacbarah to a ùath. After bathing, they presented him 
with rich robes, instead of his own mean apparel; and when he 
was drer.;r.;ed, they led him to a hall, where they found a loyely 
young lady, sUlrounded by:t group of merry slaves, who aU en- 
deayored to divert her. The lady received him with great respect, 
obliged him to sit down by her, anù ordered a grand entertp,in. 
ment to be immediately served. At dinner she helped him to the 
nicest viands and choicest wines; when the tables were remon'd, 
perfume and rose-water were thrown ove:r him by her own handA 
A concert followed the repast. during which the lady ogled the 
enraptured Bacharah) till his hopes were wound up to the highest 
pitch. The lady o1)serving this called for wine, and pretending to 
drink his hcalth, she put the glass to her lips, and then flung the 
wine in his face. 
l\Iy hrother was almost .,linded, and the slavcs gathered rounò 
him while in this condition, some pinching him, others filliping him 
by the nose, and off<
ring him a thousand affronts. He bore all 
this with great good humor, laughing with the company, as though 
highly delighted with the jest. On which the lady said, "Brother) 
you are í}uite a man to my mind; the complaisance ,,'ith which you 
suòmit to my little fancieR, 
hall not he forgotten." "Take the 
gentleman out," said 
he, "and when you ha....e obeyed orderFl, 
hring him h<,re again." 
'fhe old woman led my brother to an adjoining apartment, where 
he found 8<,,'eral stout 
laYes, who, in spite of his oppoo;;ition and 
outcries, cut off his whi:o:kers and beard, paintprl his eyehr
ws, 
nnd drc81'cù him in the hahit of a woman. Racllarah \\ a
 mueh 
<,urag('d; hut his C()ndHctr('
s prOlni
ing her lady would rcward 
}ÜR c'unrl('sc('nRion, h(' 
uft(-r('d hp]. to leRel him hack to her mistresH. 
On his cntrance, the YOHng lady laughed till she fell hack on 
her sofh. IICI. Rlayer.; ahm J .oinrel in the rirlicnlc dancillD' round 
, ð 
him, hy turns P ushino- him ahout and ! ,inchino- him. till he was 
M b I 
spent" ith fatigue and ycxation, The old woman at last resC\wd 
him. :lUÙ le(} him out again. Shc thcn l'ìuppliNI him with wine) 
rrai
ed his complaisance, allrl told him he had but one more in 
Rtnnce tü giye of it.. " l\Jy mistress," conti.nued 
he, 
. requires tha, 



I<:N rEHTÅIS.MI

TS. 


147 


).OU 8t1'::) off your" clothes, and pursue her froll1 chamblr to cham- 
ber, till you catch her; that done, you wiU be master of your Ü\\'ß 
wishes." 
l\Iy silly brother, having sulJmitted to so lllany mortifications, 
was ullwilling to lose the promised reward by refusing one more 
compliance. I Ie stripped, therefore, as required; and all the doorM 
of the apartments being throwll open, he pursued the lady tln:ee 
times I'ound them. At last she took shelter in a dark passage. 
Bacbarah followed her with alacrity, hut the darkness obliged him 
to proceed slowly. She regaincd the apartments by a private pas- 
sage; while IllY brother crept Oll till he perceived a light, which 
he had no sooner reached, than P. door shut violently ùehinù 
l1Ím, and he found himself in one of the olJscure street:; of the 
city. 
A crowd S0011 gathered around him, and his strange appearance, 
almost naked, his eyebrows painted, and without beard or mu:;- 
tachios, rendered him a fair object of ridicule. They shouted after 
him, and pelted him. It would have been well for poor Baebarah, 
if his misfortunes had ended l1ere; but one of the magistrates pass- 
ing by, and seeing the tumult, inquired the cause of it. My broth- 
er's figure was too inùecent to pa.ss unpunished. The magistrate 
concluded his frolic, hy ordering him a hundred blowì:! ou the 
feet, and banishing him from the city. 


THE STORY OF THE B.A.RBER's THIRD BROTHER. 
l\Iy third brother's name was Bacbac; he was, unfortunately, 
blind, and so poor that he was obliged to beg for his support. He 
had a custom of knocking at any door be came to, and not anS\'I{er- 
ing till it was opened to l1Ïm. One day, having knocked a long 
time at a door, though often called out to, the master of the house 
at last ùpÊmed it, and asked him what he wanted. "That you will 
relieve my necessities," replied Bacbac; "I am Llind, and cannot 
earn a maintenance." "If you are blind," said the man, "give 
me your hand." Bacbac did so; and the man led him up stairs 
to a chamber, 
Iy brother began to }lOpe for a bountiful alms, 
when the man let go of his band and said, "Alas, poor man, I can 
give you nothing! I can only pI'ay God to restore your sight." 
" You might have told me so at the door," replied my brother, 
testily, "and not given me the trouble of coming up hither." "And 
why, fool," said the other, "do you not answer when you are call- 



148 


AllABL\N 
IGH"r::)' 


ed to, and not give people the trouble of coming to you? Begone, 
I willllot give you anything." " At lpast you will lead me to the 
door 1"' said Ba.chac. "K ot I, indeed," replied the mall j ,: the 
stairs are lJefore you; get out a.s yon can." l\Iy Lrother, in at- 
temptillg to return, fell down the I5tairs, anJ was much bruised; he 
l'ecovered the door with difficulty, where he sat down complaiuing 
of the ill treatment he had received. 
'Two other blind men, companions of my 1)rother, coming by, 
Btopped to condolc with him j aftcr which they all agrced to sup 
together at Bachac's hou
c. The Ulan who had servcù my brother 
this scurvy trick was a sharping fellow. lIe had 'becn listening 
and la.ughing at my brother during his complaint, but when he 
heard them talk of supping together, anù something said of sharing 
some money, hc resolved to go along with them. Acc()rdingly, he 
followed, and entered the house with them unperceived. As soon 
ns they had shut the door, they began to feel about with their sticks 
to discover if anyone had intruded among them; this perplexed 
the f;harper much, till, as he was striving to avoid them, he espied 
a rope hanging from the ceiling. As he was an active fellow, he 
ea
ily jumped up, caught hold of it, and hung by it until they had 
filli
hecl their search. 
The blind men then 1)egan to talk of their affairs. Bacbac pro- 
duced a large hag of cash, out uf which he gave the others ten 
drachms each, and took the same sum himself. "There now re- 
lwtin," said he," ten thousand drachms, which we will weigh or tell, 
if you desire it." Ilis companions declared they were fully satis- 
fied, on which he tied up the hag and put it away. They then pro- 
duced the I)royision which had been given them during the day. 
The sharper sat himself down beside my brother, and began to pièk 
out the nicest ljits alld eat them. But whatever care he tooI
, my 
brother heard his chaps going, and cried out, " 'Ve are undone! 
thp'\'e is a stranger among us!" Saying this, he seized the sharper, 
and began to heat him, crying out, " Thieves !" The other Lliud 
men also fell upon him; but the sharper, who was a stout young 
fellow, and had the adyantage of his sight, dealt his blows about 
among the hlind men ,"ery severely, crying out" Thieves !" louder 
thq,n any of th em. 
The uproar :o:peedily brought in the neighbors, who, having part" 
cd the c0111batant:::;, demanded the cause of the quarrel. Bachac 
cried out, " Gentlemen, this man is a thief, and has crept in among 



EXTERTAHDIEXTS. 


14!} 


us, to rob us of the little money we have goL:' The bharper, who, 
as soon as the neighbors came in, had !Shut hi
 eyes and feigned 
himself also ]Jlilld, cried out, " He is a li
bi.. I swear to you by the 
life of tlle caliph, that \ I am their companion; and they refuse to 
give me my share; they have all three fallen upon mc, and I de- 
n
and justice." 
The neighbors considered the matter as too serious a business 
for them, to settle; they therefore conveycd them before a lllagi5- 
trate. As soon as they came into his presence, the sharper cried 
out, " Venerahle sir, we are all guilty of a great offence, but having 
taken an oath not to confess unless we are bastilladoed, by that 
means only can you come at the truth." The magistrate would not 
bear a word from either of the others, but immediately put him 
under tbat discipline. 
The sharper had the courage to bear twenty or thirty blows, when, 
as if overcome with pain, he opened one eye, and presently after 
the other, crying out for ll1ercy. The judge suspended the punish- 
ment, and demanded by what miracle he had so suddenly recovered 
his sight. "If sir," said he, :, you will pardon me, and as a pledge 
intrust me with your seal ring, I will make an important discov- 
ery." The judge consented, and gave him the ring. "Sir," said 
the sharper, " we are none of us blind, but feign ourselves f\0, by 
which means we ente
 people's houses, and play many bad tricks 
unsu
pected. 'Ve have amassed by our l.ogueries the sum of ten 
thousand drachms, which you will find concealed in a cupboard in 
the house we came from. This evening I demanded my share, and 
declared I would leave off so infamous a way of life; and it was on 
this account that they fell upon me and beat me." 
The magistrate sent and searched for the money, which being 
found, confirmed the sharper's testimony. The judge, in a rage, 
ordered the blind men to be bastinadoed till they opened theÎ:!." eyes. 
In vain they protested it was utterly impossible for thcm to do so ; 
in vain they took Heaven to witness that their accuser was a cheat 
and a liar; tlH'y received each two hundred blows, thc f-:harper all 
the while exhorting them to open their eyes and shorten their PUIl- 
i
hment. 
The judge finding after so severe a chastisement that they still 
ul)peared as before, and continued to assert thcir innocence, began 
to hesitate. lIc ordered the executioner to stop, and contented 
himself with banishing them from the city, after having given one 
fourth of their money to the sharper, and confiscated tho rest. 



150 


AHABIAN NIGHTS' 


THE STORY OF TIlE BARBER'S FOURTH BROTHER. 
Alcouz was the nallle of my fourth Lrothcr. lIe wal; n Lutcher 
by profû:;ðioll. Oue day, ån old man, with a lOllg white Leard, came 
and Lought some meat of him. The mOlley with "'. hich he paid him 
was so fresh and well coined, tha.t my Lrother laid it apart hy it- 
8elf. The t;alllC old man calue every day for a considerable timo, 
and always paid for his meat in the same sort of 8pecie, which A1- 
couz as regularly put apart from his other cash. 
At length, having occa
ion to buy some sheep, he was obliged to 
use this fine moncy; Lut on opcning his chest, instead of cash, he 
saw only a parcel of leaves clil>ped l'ound to the size of specie. l\Iy 
brother was alarmed at this phenomenon. lIe ran out to his neigh- 
bors, weeping, and was beginning to tell them what had befallen 
him, when he saw the old man coming toward them. He ran up 
to him and took him by the collar, crying out, "Help, l\Iussulmans, 
hear how wickedly this old fellow has defrauded ll1e !" 
The old man stood with great unconcern, while my brother re- 
lated his case to the bystanders. 'Vhen he had finished his story, 
the old man said to him in a haughty style, " You would act wisely 
to let me go, and not compel me to expol;e you as you deserve for 
thus publicly affronting me." Alcouz defied and threatened him; 
on which the old man replied, " You will have me tell it, thpn 1" 
and turning to the people, "Know," said he, "my friends, this 
f('llow, instead of selling you mutton, sells you man's flesh. At 
this moment there is a man with his throat cut, hung up in his 
shop like a sheep !" 
l\Iy brother had just before killed a sheep, dressed it, and hung 
it up as usual. He protested what the old man said was false; 
lmt the moL being prejudiced against him by this accusation, 
would go to his shop, and search it. They found there, as they 
thought, a man murdcred and hung up as mutton; for the old man, 
who was a magician, deceived the eyes of the people, as he did 
those of my brother when he mad13 him take leayes instead of 
money. The rage of the multitude was so great against .Alcouz, 
that they dismissed the magician, who got away as fast as be 
could. ; and e\'cry one was eager to chaRtise my unfortunate brother. 
They conveyed ltÍm hefore the judge of the police, where a great 
numher were ready to decJare his guiJt on oath. As AJrou7, not. 
withstandi?f!:, strenuou:;;Jy asserted - his innocence, the judge sent 
some of hIS officers with the accusers, to bring the body of the 




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EXTERTAINMENTS. 


111 


roc:.r<Ìtlred man })efore him; but whèn they came to the shop, they 
tound only the carcass of a t5heep 
)Yhen this account 
 as brought to the magistrate he was con- 
founded. nor knew how to detm'mine. As the body was not foulld, 
he ,,"oull not put my brother to death; but as many witnesses pro- 
.tcsted t:nat they had seen a man slaughtered in the shop, be ordered 
him five !:mndred stripes, confiscated his effects, and banished him 
tpe city. 
Poor Alcouz left Bagdad by night, and the next evening drew 
near another town where he. was un
nown; as he advanced toward 
tDe gate, he heard a great noise of horsemen behind him. After 
what had befallen him, he dreaded everything. He took it into 
his 11Cad that these men were pursuing him, and to avoid thenl he 

ntered into a court-yard of a great house, and endeavored to hide 
himself. Two of the servants saw him and when the unlucky 
l1.lcouz had taken possession of his hiding-place, they seized him as 
a thief, who had concealed himself there with the intent to rob their 
Dmster. They disregarded his protestations of innocence, and bur- 
ried him before a magistrate, who ordered him a hundred stripes 
on 
mspicion; but when they had made bare his back, and saw the 
marks of his former flagellation, the judge concluded he was some 
òesperate rogue who had been deseryedly punished elsewhere; he 
doubled, therefore, the number of stripes, and banished him from 

hat town also, on pain of death. Poor Alconz could scarcely sup- 
port his second misfortune, and would certainly have sunk under 
it, if I. had Dot heard of his afflictions, and succored him. 


THE STORY OF THE BARBER'S FIFTH BROTHER. 
Alnaschar, my fifth brother, was yery lazy, and of course 
wretchedly poor. On the death of our father we divided his prop- 
e1, o fY, and each of us received a hundred drachms of silver for his 
share. Alna.schar, who hated labor, laid out his money in fine 
glasses, and having displayed his stock to the best bdvantage in a 
ìarge basket, he took his stand in the market-place, with his back 
against the wall, waiting for customers. In this postm:e he in- 
dulged a revery, talking aloud to himself as follows: "This glass 
Clltit me 3 hundred drachms of silver, which is all I have in the 
world. I shall make two hundred by retailing it; and of these 
very shortly foul" hundred. It will not be long before thmm pro 
duce four thow:and. Money, they say, begets money. I shall soon 



152 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


therefore be possessed of eight thou
and, and when theBe become 
ten thousand, I will no longer be a glass-seller. I will trade in 
l,parls and diamonds; and as I shall become rich apace, I will have 
a splendid palaee, a great estate, slayes, eunuchs, and horses; I will 
not, however, leave traffic till I have acquired a hundred thousand 
drachms. Then I shall be as great as a lwince, and will assume 
manners accordingly. 
"I will demand the daughter of the grand vizier in marriage, who, 
no doubt, win be glad of an alliance with a man of my consequence. 
The marriage ceremonJ shall be performed with the utmost splen- 
dor and magnificence. As soon as I am married, I will present the 
lady with ten young black eunuchs, the handsomest that can be 
procured. I will have my horse clothed witb the l.ichest housings, 
OTnamented with diamonds and pearls, and will be attended by a 
number of slaves, all richly dressed, when I go to the vizier's palace 
to conduct my wife thence to my own. The vizier shall re- 
ceive me with great pomp, and shall give me the right hand and 
place me above himself, to do me the more honor. On our return, 
I wilJ appoint two of my handsomest slaves to throw money among 
the populace, that everyone may speak well of my generosity. 
"'\Vhen we arrive at my own palace, I will take great state 
upon me, and hardly speak to my wife. She shall dress herself in all 
her ornaments, and stand before me as beautiful as the full moon, but 
I will not look at her. IIer slaves shall draw near, and entreat me 
to cast my eyes upon her; which, after luuch supplication, I will 
deign to do, though with great indifference. I will not suffer her 
to come out of her apartment without my leave; and when I have 
a mind to visit her there, it shall be in a manner that will make 
her respect me. Thus will I begin early to teach ber what she is 
to expect the rest of her life. 
" When her mother comes to visit her, she will intercede wit11 
me for her. 'Sir,' she will say (for she win not dare to call me 
Bon, for fear of offending me by so much familiarity), 'do not, I 
beseech, treat mv dauO'bter with scorn. she is as beautiful as an 
.. h , 
Houri, and entirely devoted to you.' .But my mother-in-law may 
3
 wcll hold her peace, for I will take no notice of what she f'ays. 
She will then pour out some wine into a goblct, and give it to my 
wife, saying, 'Prescnt it to your lord and husband j he will not 
surely he so cruel as to refuse it from 80 fair a hand.' :ñly wife 
will then come with the glass, and stand trembling before me ; and 



E
TERTAIX:\lE
TS. 


153 


when she finds that I do not look on her, but continue to disdain 
her, she will kneel and entreat me to accept it; Lut I will continue 
inflexible. At last, redoubling her tears, she will rise and put the 
boblet to my lips; when, tired with her importunities, I will da).t 
a terriLle look at her, D.nd give her such a pu
h with my foot a
 
will spurn her from me')-
\.lnaschar was so interested in this ima- 
ginary grandeur, that he thrust forth his foot to kick the lady, and 
by that means overturued .his glasses, and Lroke thenl into a thou- 
Eand pieces. 
A tailor, whose shop was near him, having heard his soliloquy, 
;aughed heartily wben he saw the basket fall. "\\"hat asIa, e you 
are," said he to my brother, " to treat such a lovely bride so cruelly! 
"\Vere I the vizier, your father-ill-Ir..w, I would order you a hUll
 
dred lashes with a bulPs pizzle, and send you through the town 
with your character written on your forehead." 
Alnaschar wanted not tbe raillery of bis neighbor tú make hin1 
repent hi
 aLsurd behavior. "
hell he looked on the fragments of 
his brittle ware, so foolishly demolished, he was almost distracted. 
, 
he beat bis JJreast, tore his hair, and his outcries soon 
athered a 
crowd about him. A lady, passing by: inquired the cause of tbe 
tUlllult; and being told that a poor man had lost all his substance 
by the ftl,ll of his basket of glass, sho kindly gave him a sum equal 
to what he bad laid out in his goods. 
Alnascbar returned home rejoicing, and blessing his benefactres
 
lIe had scarcely arrived: when an old woman came to his door, and 
requested he would permit her to come in and wash before she 
went to the mosque to prayers. After she had performed the cere- 
mony of ablution, she entered into conversation with my brother, 
and told him that in return for his civility, she would introduce 
him to her lady, a woman of great beauty and fortune, who war, 
disposed to marry, and would pay regard to her recommendation, 
which she would give to bim. Alnaschar listened to this titble with 
attention; and being of a sanguine temperàment, he begged the old 
woman would introduce him directly; which, after scorning hesi. 
tation she consented to ùo. 
,My brother was conducted by his guest to a decent house, and 
mrroduced to a young lady, who received him with civility. After 

ome conversation, she arose, and with a gracious smile told him 
òhe liked his perðon and conversation 60 well, that she would 
('v'lluct him to a repast in the inner apartment. Alllasr 1 1r..r 
7* 



15J 


AHAßIAN 
IG HTS' 


overjoyed with his good fortune, followed her into another room, 
from whence she withdrew, as she said, for a short time. ,My 
Lrother awa.ited her return wilh impatience; but when the door 
opened again, instead of a beautiful and condescendÏ1Jg lady, there 
ap!>eared a tall }Jlack slaye, of a fierce abpect, with a drawn scillletar 
in Liô hand. .At the sight of this terrific figure, the heart of my 
brother sank within him. Nor 'were his fears ill-grounded. The 
black came up to him, and gave him several severe cuts. Alllm;- 
char wa& so terrified tha.t he fell down in a fit. The slave tuuk 
away the hundred drachms which the old woman had pru1)ably 
seen him receiye; and opening a trap-door, threw my brother, 
whom tie supposed dead, into a place under ground, among the 
10ùie8 of several people whom he had murdered in this l11anner. 
'Vhen Alnaschar revived, a
ld recollected his situation, his first 
care was to Lind up his wounds, in which he succeeded pretty well; 
he next ventured to lift up the trap ill the night, and Ly great 
good fm'tune, he made his way out of the house unobs
ved, and, 
came to me fur shelter. 
It was nearly a month before he was fully recovered. During 
this time be contrived a plan to be reveuged, which he executed in 
this mannor: he disguised himself like an old woman, and took 3- 
large purse, which he filled with pieces of glm:s, and tied to his 
girdle. lIe then took a scimetar, which he concealed under hiE 
gown, and went into the most frequented parts of the city, in hopes 
of meeting the 'wicked hag who had enticed him into so much 
mischief. 
It was not long before he found her; when, counterfei ting a 
woman's voice, he said to her, "I mIl a stranger, just a1'ri, ed, and 

hould be glad to weigh five hundred pieces of gold, to see if they 
wID pass here: can you recommend me to a goldsmith 1" "Friend," 
replied the old woman, '
you could not have a!')!Jlied to a more 
proper person; my son is a goldsmith; come with me, and he 
t;hall weigh them for you directly." The pretended trayeller 
agreed; and the old woman led him, as he expected, to the fatal 
mansion whence he had 80 narrowly escaped. 
On his arrival the black came to him and desired he would walk 
) 
into an Inner room where the scales were. Alnaschar rea.dily fol
 
lowed him; and on entering the hall, with one blow cut off the 
head of his treacherous conductor. The old woman presently came 
in, in hiKh spirits; but when she saw what had happened, f-hf' '5f't 



F.Nl'En.TAI
nlE
T
. 


155 


up a great cry, and would have fled; my brother prevented her; 
and aft.er reproaching her as she deserved, he put her to death] 
and tumbled both the dead 1JoJies throu
h the trap-door. 
Alnaschar spared the young lady, who on her part sho\ved him 
the se\'eral coffl:'rs full of gold which these wretches had so wick- 
t)dly obtained. Thi
 wealth' he resolved to seize; and leaving the 
laùy, he went in 
ear
h of porters, with sacks, to relllové it; but 
she took advantage of his absence, and on his return the treasure 
was gono. .A great quantity of valuable mova.hle
; however, re- 
mained, with which he loaded his porters, anù carried away a con- 
siderable booty. Had my brother been content with this; he had 
been wise; but being covetous, he paid so many visits to the house 
with his porters, that the curiosity of the neighbors was excited. 
An information to the magistrate followed; all the plunder was 
laid hold of by him; and poor Alnaschar thought he was well off, 
when the judge was content with banishing him from the city. 


THE STOR Y OF TH E BARBER'S SIXTH BROTH ER. 


Shacahac, my ynullgest Lrotlwr, was so poor that he was re- 
du
ed to beggary; Lut having some humor, he contrived to fare 
tolerahly well. It happened, olle e,-elling, that he applied for an 
alms at the palace of a Barmecide, when the porter said to him, 
" Go in and find out our master; ho \vill not send you away dis- 
satisfied." 
Thus encouraged, my brother entered the palace, and strolled 
from room to room, till he came into a hall adorn9d with paintings 
of gold, azure foliage, and 
plenclidly furnished. At the upper 
end of this room he sa.w a venerable man with a long white beard, 
whose appear-ance carried with it an air of dignity. ::\Iy brother 
concluded, as was the truth, that it wa:'l the master of the house; 
he salutcd him therefore with the greate
t re
pect. The Barme- 
eide received him kindly, and asked him what he wantcd. Shaca- 
bac, in an humhle milI1l1er, related his neces
ities, and besought re- 
lief; concluding his sad ta.le by declaring that he had not eaten 
anything the whole day. 
The Barmecidc, when my brother had ended, put his hands to 
his garmcnts, as if he would have rent his clothes. "Is it possi- 
1Jle," said he, " that such a. man as you can be as poor a
 you say 1 
This mu
t not be. But come, a
 you have not eaten to-day, you 
must 1\0 l'f-acly to die with hunger; ho, hoy! bring in the water tu 



156 


AUABIAN 
IGIlT::;
 


wash our hands, and order supper immediately':} Shacabac was 
confoùnded at this gracious reception, and was about to 
xpres8 
bis gratitude, when the Barmecide began to rub hia hands, as though 

olU 
 one poured water on them, and invited my brother to come 
and wash with þim. No boy appeared, nor was there either hat:!in 
or water; yet my brother thought he ought not, in complaisance, 

olltradi
t his host; he came forward, therefore, and did as he d.id. 
" Come," said the Barmecide, "let us now Imye supper ;'i and 
though nothing was brought, he pretended to cut, as if i1 :lish of 
meat were before him, and began to chew, saying to my brother, 
" Eat, friend, eat heartily; you said you was hungry, but you pro. 
ceed ns if you had no appetite." Shacabac gave readily into tho 
lake, and imitating the Barmecide, said, " You see, my lord, I lo
e 
no time." " Boy," said the old gentleman, " bring us another di
h 
Come, my good friend, taste of this mutton and barley broth, unless 
you prefer part of that goose, with sweet saUC3, vinegar
 honey, 
raisins, grey peas, and dry figs; eat, however, sparingly of it, as 
we have a variety of good things to come." Shacabac, fainting 
with hunger, pretended to feast heartily 011 these invisible dainties. 
The Barmecide continued to call for other dishes, aud boasted 
much of a lamb fed with pistachio nuts; "a dish," said he, "you 

rill find at no table but mine; let me help you to some, and judge 
if I have not reason to praise it." My brother made as if 
he received the lamb, and ate it with great pleasure. " Nothing 
can be more delicious," said he; "your table, my lord, abounds 
'with good things." " Eat heartily, then," said the Barmecide, " you 

annot oblige me more." "You see, my lord," replied my brother, 
" how I testify my approbation." 
An imaginary dessert succeeded. The TIa-rmecide did not fail to 
recommend the several fruits and confections. Shacahac extolled 
them yet more; till, tired of moving his jaws, and having nothing 
to eat, he declared he could oot no more. "Let us drink then," 
said the Barmecide; "brinJ:Z: some wine." "Excuse me, my lord," 
said 8hacabac, "I will drink no wine, because it is forbidden.}} 
"You are too scrupulous," replied his host; "you must not refu
e 
to keep me company/' " I cannot refuse your 10rdl:3hip," replied 
my brother, " but must entreat you not to urge the glass; for I am 
not accustomcd to wine; and fear lcst it !'Ihould betray me into any. 
th i
}g like di
respect to you." "'Vine, here," called out the IJar- 
medJe; then holding out his hand, a8 if to \'eceive a bottle) ho 



};X I'E I'T A IN:\IE
TS. 


157 


turned to my brother, and t:;eemcd to fi
l him a glass, and himself 
another. ShacaLac made as if he took up a gLu;!':, and bowing 
very low, he drank the health of his host. The I3armeciùe co-n- 
tinued 
o supply his guest with imaginary bumpers, till fit length 
my brother (weary of the joke, and beginning to be a little out of 
humor) affected to be drunk, got up frolll his seat, and gave the 
Barmecide so hearty a. box on the ear, that he knocked him 
down. He was about to repeat the blow, but the old gentleman 
calling out, he pr
tended to come to him
elf. " You have been so 
good, my lord," said he, ., to admit your slave to your table, and to 
give him a noble treat 
 hut JOu should not have compelled me to 
drink wine, as I told you I feared it would cause me to Inisbehaye, 
which I am exceedingly sorry it has done." 
The Barmecide; instead of Leing in a rage, laughed heartily. "I 
have long wished," said he, '
for a man of your character; but 
come, we will now sup in good earnest." Saying this, he clapped 
his hands, and the servants appearing, he ordered supper; and the 
several dishes they had tasted of in fancy, were really set before 
them. 
The old gentleman, finding my brother a man of good under. 
standing, as well as of much pleasantry, retained him in bis Sel.. 
vice. For twenty years Shacabac lived happy in his protection; 
but then the generous Barmecide died, and his estate being seized 
by the caliph, his dependants were all dismisf'ed. 
Shacabac, after this, undertook a pilgrimage to 1\lecca. the 
carayan he joined was attacked and dispersed by a number of Be- 
douins, and my brother became a sla"e to one of them. His af- 
flictions in this situation were very grievous, till at length I heJLrd 
of bis distress, ransomed him, and brought him home. 
The sultan of Ca
gar was highly pleas('d with thcse stories: and 
exprpssed a desire to see this talkative barher. He was Roon found 
and introduced to the sultan. His appearance was re
pectahle; 
he had a plea:;:ant countenance; and his long bea.rd, as white as 
SIlOW, denoted his age, which was upward of ninrty. The prince 
received him yery graciou
l.r, but laughed at him for hiH prattling 
" It would be a. Lad time for me," 
aid he; " to be silent now: I 
haye heard the story of little Hunchback, and am acquainted with 
the regard your lllaje
ty had for him; I beg I may be permitted 
tu examine the body." 
After haying surve
'
d it some time, the barber fell into a grpu.t 



158 


Al
AßI.\N NHarrS' 


fit of laughtcr, without con
iùcrilIg thc respcct due to the sultan 
" Silcnce, mall," said the prince to him, .. why ùo you laugh so." 
" I swear Ly Jour majesty's gooù hUlllors/' answered the barber, 
"that this is a very extraordinary business. Hunchback is not 
dead. If I do not immediately restore him, I ani content to pass 
for the prattling fellow I have been very ul1hal1dsomely called." 
Saying this, he put an instrument down Hunchback's throat, and 
pulled out a bit of fish and bone, which he showed to the sultan; 
he then took out a vial of balsam, with which he rubbed Huneh- 
hack's neck, who presently sneezed, and gave other signs of life; 
and in a short time was perfectly recovered. 
The sultan was astonished at this wonderful cure. lIe formed 
a very different opinion of the barber from what he had before 
concei ved; and engaged him in his service, as a ma.n of very sin- 
gular abilities. Before he dislllit-ìsed the tailor, the Jewish doctor, 
the purveyor, and the christian merchant, he ordered each of them 
to be clothed ill his presence, with a rich roLe of honor, as a rec- 
ompense for their integrity and their sufferings. 


THE HISTORY OF ABOUI.HASSEN ALl ERN :bECAR, AND SCHEMSF.L- 
RIBAR, FAVORITE OF THE CALIPH HAROUN ALRASCHID. 
'fhe king of the isle of ELene, having the audacity to reLel 
].gainst the illustrious Haroun Alraschid, to whom he was tribu- 
tary, the caJiph sent a powerful army to chastise him. The event 
showed the rashness of the insurgents. The natives of Ebene were 
300n subdued; and their king with all his family, exccpt an infant 
daughter, fell in the disrute. 

'he princess, too young to IJe Ben
ihle of her misfortLUH', was 
brought to Bagdad, and educated in the harèlll of the caliph. 
Kature had endowed }]('r with every ambble qualifica,tion; and 
the utmost pains VI-cre takcn ill hel" education. As she approached 

he age of a WOlllt1U, her beauty increased, and received ðuch lustre 
from her vivacity, her wit i aud elegant accomplishments, tbat she 
lJecame irrcsistihle. 
The caliph CH'r treatcd her with 
l'eat tellG.JrnCSs; her sprightly, 
yet artless carriage, her geJ,tle. m;nners, and heneyolcnt disposi- 
tion, gaincd ('xc('cdingly on his affections; and whcn time had 
ripf'ned the bcautics of hcr person, the amorons prince declared 
hi
 Ìlüpntinn of 
haring with her the throne of Persia. 
Sch("IrI

lllihar lwarrl this dpterrnillatioll of the caliph with pl('as- 



EXl'EIU'AI
 )lE
T::;. 


159 


ure. She had been accustomed to his endearments from her in- 
fancy; she felt a filial aftècti0n for him, which she supposed was 
10\ e. The caliph though four times her a.ge was pleasant and 
agreeahle. As she was debarred the sight of all men, except him 
and his attendants, she thought him the most amialJle of maukind. 
If she reflected ou her approaching nuptials without desire, it 
was without disgust also. :Matters were in this situation, when 
buÛncss of emergency obliged the oa1iph to leave the capital for 
a short time. 
The affairs of the harem were managed by an old slave named 
Fatima. . It was a part of her duty to provide everything neces- 
sary, in the city; and the person she used to apply to for what 
she wanted, was Ebn '1'haher, a consideral]le merchant of great in- 
tegrity. Fatima had attended on Schemselnihar from her infancy, 
and was attached to her by the lUost tender affection. She used 
often to speak of her to Elm Thaher, with tbe fondness of a 
mother: and had as often occasion to praise the obliging disposi.. 
tion of the merchant to Schemselnihar. 
A few days after the de-parture of the caliph, a strange whim 
seized the young lady. She bad a desire to see the city; and be- 
sought Fatima to take her with her the next time she weIlt thith
r. 
Fatima, liitle apprehending any bad consequence, fondly consent- 
ed, and apprized the merchant, that on an appointed day, the ca- 
liph's favorite would come in pl'h-ate to view the city; and intended 
to repose at his house. 
EbB '1'imher received her with all possihle respect, but it so hap- 
ppned that when she arrived there was, with the merchant, a young 
nobleman, of the ancient royal family of Persia, named Ahoul- 
ha
Ran Ali Ebn Becar. . This prince had received from nature 
every advantage of body and mind, nor had he neglected to culti- 
vate them. Schemselnihar was struck with him at first sight; and 
when he would have modestly withdrawn, she made signs to 
Fatima that she BhOlÙd not let him depart. "\Vhen a collation was 
brought in, the ladies unveiled, and Aboulbassen in his turn; was 
fascinated by the beauty of the princess. 'l'he intention of yiew- 
iñg the city was at an end. Schemselnihar, new to love, indulged 

em;ations so delightful, and thought only how she might make 
berf:plf ngr('pahle to Aboulhassen : who, on his part, became en- 
tirplyenamored. They remained together till evening, and parted 
with inexpressible reluctance on both sides. 


. 



160 


Al\.AßI.\N XIGlrrS' 


New ideas now took vossession of Sehemselnihar, among which 
none so often arose as an abhorrence of marriage with the caliph. 
She deyoted herself to her beloved Ahoulhassen; and though she 
saw no probability of being united to him, yet she determined to 

ncourage that hope. The indulgent }'atima reasoned with her 
against so improper an attachment, but misled by her fondness for 
the princess, she repeatedly permitted interviews between the two 
loyers at the house of Ebn Thaher. The merchant, also, though 
he pointed out to the prince the folly and danger of his pursuit, 
was yet weak enough to promote the meetings of the young couple. 
'Ih:) caliph had put Sche111selnihar in possession of the apart. 
ments belonging to the royal consort, and had permitted her to 
select her own attendants. The infa.tuated princess determined to 
gÍ\-e Aboulhassen an entertainment worthy her love: and when 
e\erything wat; ready, 
he sent Fatima to conduct him and the 
merchant to partake of it. The faithful slave executed her dan. 
gerous cOlllmi::,sion váth dexterity, and contrived to introduce them 
unnoticed within the flpartments of the princess. 
The reception was magnificent. A wonderful display of dia- 
monds and rubies, fixed in hurnished gold, and disp08ed in the most 
beautiful forms, delighted the eye; columns of the rarest marble 
su}'ported the dome; between them were placed vessels of agate, 
porphyry, jet, jasper, crystal, and other precious materials: the 
floor was covered with the richest carpeting, and the walks ill tho 
gardens were formed of little stones of various colors, so at; to 
resemble the carpet in the saloon and seem a continuation of it; 
two beautiful canals watered the trees and shrubs, which were of 
the rarest kiÙd, and planted with great judgment: their odors 

ratified the smell, as the charming concerts of the singing hirds 
did the ear; in a word everything was to be found which luxury 
or grandeur could possibly desire. 
In this terr('strial para.dise the love-sick Schemselnihar received 
her equally enamored Ahoulhassen, unmindful of her engagement 
with the commander of the faithful, whom she now began to 
think of with terror and abhorrence; nor did the prince suffer the 
fear of future evils, or of present danger, to damp the delight he 
felt at being received with so much d:stinction by the object of 
]IÏ
 vows. The entertainment WflS fI..uuptuous beyond description, 
and was followed by an admiralJle conèert; after which Aboulhas.. 

en and Schemselnihar sung to 
ach other hy turns extempore 



ENTERTAnC\IEXTS. 


161 


v
rses, descripth-e of tllPir mutual affection, which they neither 
wished to restrain nor conceal. They plighted vows of unceasing 
constaucy, and seemed, by seizing the present moment to snatch 
those jOJs from the !Jower of fortune before a fatal interruption 
!Should put an end to them forever. 
That event was even now come. Their caresses were disturbed 
by a n1essage to Schelllseinihar, announcing the arrival of the 
caliph, and his intention of presently visiting her. The distress 
of the lovers coulù only be equalled by the despair of Ebll Thaher, 
who gave himself up for lost. Fatima alone ha.d recollectiou. 
She ordered the slaves immeùiately to prepare for the reception 
of the caliph; she tore the lovers asunder, and as it was impossi- 
11e to convey the visitors away, at that time, without discuvery. 
she conducted them to a place where they might continue in 
safety. 
By the time the caliph arrived all was in order, and Schemsel- 
nihar tolerably composed. IIaroun embraced her with great af- 
fection; and seeing everything set out with the utmost splendor, 
Inade no douht but that she had decorated the pala.ce in this man- 
ner for his reception. Observing the saloon was shut, he asked 
the reason, when Schemseillihar made signs to have it thrown open. 
Immediat.ely the grandest illumination that can be conceived was 
discovered. A 8pectacle, not more brilliant than unexpected, 
which the caliph received as a proof of the princess' attachment 
to him, but which she had prepared for a very different purpose. 
From the time the saloon was thrown open, the prince of Persia 
could see from his hiding place everything that passed in the 
hall; and had the torment of beholding his beloved ScheInselni- 
har obliged to receiye the caresses of his too powerful rival. Ebn 
Thaher could with difficulty restrain his transports. At length a 
concert commenced j in the course of which the princess addressed 
a most passionate air to Aboulhassen, and sung it with so much 
feeling, that 
he herself was oyercome with it, and fainted away. 
The caliph who still applied eyerything that passed to himself, 
was exceedingly concerned, and busied himself yery earnestly in 
endeavoring to restore her. At this juncture Fatima went to dis- 
miss the prince and his friend, but had the greatest difficulty in 
effecting it. Aboulhassen had sympathized so truly with the 
princess that he al
o had fainted; and when ELn Thaher, at last, 
with the assistance of Fatima, got him safe out of the palace nnd 



162 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


conveyed him home, he was obliged to be put to bed, wht.nce 118 
could not rise for several days. 
This accident opened the eyes of Ebn Thaber. lIe saw at once 
the consequences of this fa.tal intrigue: and that if he could not 
persuade the prince of Persia to drop all thou
hts of carrying it 
on, be ha.d but one way to escape inevitable ruin. As soon as the 
prince was tolerably recovered, the merchant, in the most animated 
manner pointed out to him the certain destruction he would bring 
not only On himRelf, but on the lovely Schemselnihar, also, if he 
did not subdue his ill-placed passion. Ebn '"Thaher reasoned, 
but Aboulhas8en loved. "Deaf as the winds .to any advice that 
made agitÏllst his wishes: he declared that no danger, however 
pressing, should make him for one moment cease to adore her. "1' 
know not yet," continued he, "what measures I can pursue to 
rescue illY princess from a situation so terrible to U.3 both; but- 
something I will attempt; and ir' I perish, I shall have the satis- 
faction of giving up my life for one that well deserves such a 
sacrifice." 
Ebn Thaher was still more alarmed at this conversation. He 
settled his affairs with all possible despatch; aud two days after 
he took his family with him: and set off for Balsora, under pre- 
tence of business which would oblige him to reside there for some 
time. The merchant, Ly this prudent measure, securcd himself; 
and, in fact, did all he could to save the lovers. As all intercourse 
was now at an end, they would probably have submitted reluc- 
tantly to their destiny if an accident had not enabled them to con." 
tinue their correspondence. 
Opposite Ebn Thaher's house there lived a jeweller who, having 
little business to employ hi
, bestowed much of his attention on 
his neighbors. Shrewd, artful, and avaricious, he sought to turn 
everything to his own advantage: and having a pleaaant carriage, 
which hid his vices, he was but too often successfu1. 
This man had not been a 0areleless ob8eryer ùf what passed at 
}:bn 'l'haher's. He noticed that Fatima and the prince of Persia met 
cont.inually there; and that the former frequently brought another 
woman with her) who, though closely veiled, had an air of distinc- 
tion, and was manifestly much younger. The illness of the prince, 
the distress Jf the merchant. he had not failed to r-emark. Being 
a little acquainted with Ebn Thahp.r, he ventured to question him 
on these subjects; and though the merchant was careful, and almost 



ENTERT <\.INl\IE1\
S. 


158 


silent, yet his confusion and the little he did say, afforded E30u'a in- 
formation to his busy neighbor. Ebn Thaher, leaving Bagdad 
abruptly, confirmed this sagacious fellow in his opinion, that the 
prince had dared to intrigue in the harem of the caliph; and that 
the amour was carried on by Fatima ß.nd the merchant. 
In the meantime, the t::ituation of the lovers was truly pitiable. 
A boulhassen, tormented by a contrariety of passions, was too ill 
to leave his house; and the princess had no other consolation, 
under a severe indisposition, but that it prevented the caliph from 
urging a completion of their nuptials. At length impatience to 
hear from her lover made her send Fatima to Ebn Thaher's to in- 
quire after him. The trusty slave was exceedingly shocked to 
find the house shut up; and was at a loss which way to act, 
w hen she saw the jeweller make signs for her to enter his house. 
lIe told her that Ebn Thaher had left Bagdad in haste, and that 
the prince of Persia was ill. Then, by making the most of what 
he did know, and affecting to know more than he did, he easily 
obtained from the affrighted and simple Fatima all the particulars 
of the affair. 
The sordid jeweIIer del)ated with himself whether he should not 
disclose the business to the caliph; but after a little pause, recol- 
lecting that the prince of Persia was very rich, and that Schen
sel- 
mhar could command unlimited treasure, he was not long at a 10SB 
which Ride to choose. lIe concluded the lovers would pay more 
liberally for his assistance in carrying on their amour than the 
caliph would for a disagreeable piece of intelligence. lIe declared 
himself, therefore, ready to supply the place of Ebn Thaher; and 
with equal zeal, but more courage, to promote the wishes of the 
lovers. 
Fatima resolved to venture, for once, to go to the house of the 
prince of Persia, directing the jeweller to follow her thither. 
Aboulhassen was rejoiced to see the faithful slave, but his joy was 
of short duration. lIe was distressed beyond measure for tho 
illness of his mistress; and when he was acquainted with t.he de. 
sertion of Ehn Thaber, he was overwhelmed with affliction. 
Fatima gave him every consolation in her power; and when he 
had listened to her awhile, she concluded with relating to him the 
offer of the jeweller. 
Despair compelled him to embrace this hazardous assistance, 
The jeweller was introduced to him, and vowed fidelity. F<Jt,it
l.1, 



164 


4;RABIAN NIGIITS' 


having settled' in what mannel' he waR to meet her, and convey }"r,.. 
ters or messages between the lovers, took her leave of the princo 
and returned to the palace. 
For some time, by means of the zeal and activity of the new 
emissary, a regular correspondence took place between .A.boulhas- 
E;en and the princess. The avarice of the jeweller was gratified 
beyond his hopes; he scrupled, therefore, no danger to oblige his 
benefactors. l\Iatters could not remain long in this undecided situa- 
tion. Schemselnihar ditily grew better; and the caliph who had 
been much afflicted at her illness, began to congratulate her on her 
recovery. The preparations for the royal marriage were no longer 
suspended; and to prevent its taking place the lovers resolved on 
clop ement. 
The jeweller was directed to take a house in an obscure part of 
the town, without the gates, where they proposed to continue till 
the fury of the search was over; as he had great reason to fear he 
should lJe suspected, when the prince and princess a.bsconded, he 
determined to accompany his patrons in their flight. IIis wealth 
by this time was eonsiderable; and he could not bear to lea,e it 
to the care of others; he packed it up, therefore, in small bundles, 
aud removed it from his own habitation to the house he had taken 
for the prince. 
On the evening of their intended escape, as soon as it was dark, 
Schemselnihar and her favorite contrived, with great difficulty, to 
elude the eunuchs and leave the palace. Aboulhassen and the 
jeweller were ready to receive them, and convey them to the house, 
prepared by the latter, where they arrived ut'.observed. But they 
had scarce time to congratulate each other, when the building 
(which stood apart from any other) was surrounded by a body of 
men, who hroke open the doors; and having plundered the house 
of everything yaluaLle (among which was the whole of the jeweller's 
treasure) they seized the whole company and conveyed thern over 
the river into an adjoining forest. 
These men were a banditti who harbored there; and had by 
some means obtained a knowledge that the jeweller had conveyed 
much wealth into a ho
se which stood alone and convenient for 
their purpose. On their. arrival at their retreat, they exn.mined 
their prif::,oners separately; from the prince, from Schemselllihnr, 
and Ji-'atima, they obtained no information; but the da
tarò.ly 
jeweller confcss
d immediately who they were. The evcnt was 



ENTERTAIX)lENTS. 


165 


not unfa.vorable, The captain of the banditti had been a slave of 
Aboulhassen's father; as soon as he heard that one of his pt'isoners 
was the prince of Persia, he set them all at liberty, and ordered his 
comrades tb convey them back again, promising also to relStore the 
plunder as soon as it could be collected together. 
The banditti conducted them to the Tigris, and landed them on 
the side next the city. But as they were about to return to the 
jeweller's house, they fell in with a brigade of the city guard. who 
examined them with great strictness, and were by no means satis- 
fied with their vague lllèllmer.of answering. They were about to 
take them into custody, when Schemselnihar, seeing there was no 
way to escape, resolved to throw her8elf on the humanity of the 
commander. She drew him aside and declared who she was. The 
officer behaved to her with the greatest respect; he ordered a boat 
to convey her and her slave to the water gate of the palace, and 
dismissed Ahoulhassen and the jeweller civilly; though he would 
not suffer either of them to speak again to the princess or her 
attendant. 
The prince of Persia returned to his own house, overcome with 
. fatigue, grief, and despair. lIe refused to listen to the consola. 
tions offered him by his companion. IIis imagination saw every. 
thing in the most fearful and tormenting light. IIis heart boded 
only calamity, and the prognostication was too fully verified. 
The day following, Fatima came to the jeweller in great h3.3te, 
and drowned in tears. "I have once more," said she," left the 
palace. l\Iy business is to warn you and the prince of Persia of 
your danger. The whole intrigue is just discovered to the caliph 
l)y a perfidious slave whom Schemselnihar hath lately punished. 
Judge what a situati
m we are all in! for my part I am determined 
to return immediately, and share the fate of my beloved mistress; 
we may possibly escape; but for you and Aboulhassen there is no 
hope. }-'ly, therefore, this instant, and save yourselves from torturo 
and from death." 
The jeweller was too much alarmed to neglect a moment this 
important advice. lIe hastened to the prince of Persia, and, not- 
withstanding his indibpobition, prevailed with him to rise and leave 
Bagdad with the utmost speed. They secured a supply of money 
and jewels, and set off for Anbar, travelling two days withou' 
stopping; but just before they could reach a pla,ce of safety, they 
were surrounded by thieves, who plundered them of everything. 



IG6 



RAJ3IAN NIGHTS' 


They arrived at Anbar the next evening
 and the jcwdler reo 
joiced that they were out of the power of the caliph; but the 
prince, whose spirits had Leen kept up only on the present danger, 
sunk under the pressure of so lllany calamitie'3. lIe lallgui::;hcd 
two days in the house of a charitable l\Iussulmün, who had taken 
pity of their distress, and then died-expret'fo'ing in his last 1110- 
ments his undiminished love for the beauteous Schemseillihar. 
The jeweller now found himself in a very distressed situation. 
Deprived of the gre3it riches he had obtained by his int.rigues; bis 
patron dead; his hopes annihilated; 8.n exile from his country, his 
avaricious spirit still remained; and he determined to hazard ne,,.. 
dangers, in hopes of recovering what be had lost. He ){new the 
banditti had engaged to restore what they had taken from his 
house; and he was not without hope that it might have been de- 
livered to his family. The prince of Persia had a mother, who 
inherited his vast wealth, and he was willing to believe that she 
would reward his attachment to her son. On these considerations, 
he revealed to his host the rank of the deceased, and engaged him 
to dep08it the body for a short time in a neighboring mosqut); aId, 
f-tfter staying a few months at Anbar, he ventured to return to 
Bagdad. 
As he entered the city in the evening, he saw a woman In deep 
mourning, whose form reminded him of Fatima. He followed her 
some time, till she entered a stately mausoleum, lately built. Per- 
ceiying no one near, he called to her, on which she turned round, 
and he saw it was the favorite of Schemseillihar. She knew him 
also immediately, and made sigus for him to enter the building 
quickly, when she related to, him the fate of her mistress. 
"\Yhen the treacherous slave," said shc, "discovered to the 
caliph what had passed between Aboulhassell and Schemsclnihar, 
the commander of the faithful ordered her to appear before him. 
n was at that timp, when terrified for the fate of her beloved 
prince more than for her own, she sent me to you to apprize you 
of the danger. You will suppose the caliph indulged the highest 
transports of rage and jealousy, but he did quite the contrary. 
lIe received her with tenderness; made her sit down hy him, and 
then gently questioned her respecting the prince of Perl':ii<t. Sc'hem- 
selnihar had neither Bpirits nor inclination to conceal the truth; 
on which the caliph said, 'J alone am to blame in this affair; I 
ougbt to have considered that, in marriage, age and youth agree 



EXTgl\T AIX)I EX rs. 


167 


but iJI together. I love you, Schemselnilmr,' continued the gener- 
OUB prince, ' and ever sha.ll; but in future it shall be like the love 
of a filtber, not a husband. I will myself give you to Aboulhas- 
uen; send hinl word of the good fortune that awaits him.' 
" The princess, who had been 80 long torn with contending pas- 
tïiùns, and spent with the fatigue of her late unfortunate excursion, 
RI
d who at this moment expected a vcry different sentence, could 
not support the confliet in her bosom. She sunk into the arms of 
the caliph and expired. 
"The commander of the faithful 'was much afflicted at hcr death. 
He caused her body to be deposited in this noble tomb, with great 
ceremony, and has honored me with the charge of it.
 allowing me 
a hand
0ll1e pension for my support. I ought also to tell you that 
he commanded Ebn Thaher to return to Bagdad, and hnth ap 
proveù of his conduct in this delicate business." 
Fatima, having finished her narrative, was informed by the jewel... 
]er of the death of .A.boulhassen; and they joined to pay the tribute 
of tears to the memory of these unfortunate lovers. In the morn- 
ing Fatima waited on the caliph, and obtained his permission to 
inter the body of the prince of Persia in the same tomb with his 
beloved mistress. rfbe mercenary jeweller was the only victim of 
the caliph's displeasure, who was 80 displeascd with his conduct, 
hat he confiscated the remainder of his effects, and banished him 
from his dominions. 


THE HISTORY OF CAl\IARALZAl\IAN, PRINCE OF KHALEDA N, 
AND EA DOURA, PRINCESS OF CIHNA. 
Schahzaman, king of Khaledan, used t.he liberty the laws of J\Io- 
hammed allow to all good 
Im
sulmans. lIe had four wives and 
bixty concubines. The most beautiful women in the east were to 
be found in his harem ; notwithstandin
 which, he continued child- 
lesR, and lost all rcl ish for thc grandeur and pleasures of a crown, 
for want of an heir to succeed him in wearing it. 
At length, when all hope of such a. blessing was nearly over, 
and the king began to find old age approaching, one of his wiyes 
'hecame pregnant, and in due time hrought him a Ron, so beautiful, 
that he was named Camaralzaman, or the moon of the age. 
As the prince grcw up, he displayed great talcnts, and by the 
Iring's command: was early permitted to take his seat in cound]J 
where he cond\1('t
d himself so ably as to engage the esteem of n.U 



168 


ARABIAN NIGIIT3' 


the emirs, and give great pleasure to his royal father. That prince 
began now to entertain a hope of seeing his descendants in the 
next degree; for ,,-hich purpose, as soon a
 his son became of a 
suitable age, he much pressed him to marry. 
Camaral
aman had about him something more than indifference 
for women; he heard, therefore, this desire of his father with great 
concern. lIe put it off at first by pleading youth, and desiring 
time. After waiting a whole year, Schahzaman, finding no dis- 
position in his son to obey him, desired the mother of the prince to 
reason with him on the subject. Camaralzaman had moor behaved 
with the utmost duty and affection to her, and the king hoped much 
from her influence over him to procure a willing obedience to his - 
commands. 
The royal mother undertook the affair with great zeal. She rea. 
Boned the matter over with the prince many times, and in various 
modes. She urged his duty to his father, to his future subjects
 
and to posterity; she described the happiness of conjugal amity, 
the delights of paternal love. The prince heard her with an indif- 
ference bordering on impatience, and continued firm in his resolu- 
tion to remain unmarried. 
Another year gliùed away, and Schahzaman found his son still 
averse to his wishes. lIe determined, therefore, to make the young 
man pay that obedience to the king which he withheld from the 
father. Without the least previous notice, he took the opportunity 
of a 
eneral meeting of the emirs, officers of the army, and other 
great men, and publicly, before them all, laid his commands on the 
prince to choose his wife, declaring it was not safe to the state that 
he should liv
 single any longer. Everyone present concurred 
with the king iÜ his opinion. Camaralzmnan, surprised and en- 
raged, forgot all duty, gave way to his natural impetuosity, and 
replied to his father with so much heat. anù acrimony, that the king 
found himself at once disobeyed and affronted; in full council he 
ordered his son, therefOl'e, to be immediately takpu away to prison. 
In the tower where the prince was confined, there was a ,vell, 
which was the 1'ptreat of a fairy nameù l\laimoune. At midnight, 
when she came forth to wander about the world, after her wonted 
custom, she saw a light in CamaralzamrLll's chamber; she entered 
it, aud the prince being fast asleep, she admired the bPRuty of his 
perRon for some time, after which she took her flight into the mid- 
dle region of the air. . 



E,TEr:T.\ I
'\IEXTS. 


169 


l\1aimoune 
oon aftpr met a gcnie, lIallled I )(Lllha
dl; be was one 
of those genii who rellelleù againl:'t 0(,<1. Thp 
l'eat Solomon had 
obliged .Mnil1loune to conform. 
The genie would gladly have avoided her, aR he wat; sensible how 
much I)ower she had over him; by her RuLlllit'siull to the Almighty; 
but as they were unawares very ncar, he approached her in the 
manner of a supplicant: 8ayin
, " Brave l\Iaimol1ne, swear to me in 
the name of the gr('at Power that thou wilt not hurt me, amI I will 
also swear, 011 my. part, that I willllOt do thee any harm." 
" Cursed genic," replied the fairy, .: what hurt cam:.t thou do IIIe 1 
I fear thee not. But as thou ha::;t desired this favor of me, I will 
swear not to hurt thee. Tell me, then, wandering spirit, whence 
comest thou, what hast thou seen) and what mi
chief ba
t thou 
done this night 1" 
,. You meet me in time to bear something that is wonderful/' 
3aid DallhRRch, who trembled at the sight of the fairy; "hut, 

harIlling )laimoune, promise me that you will let me go on in my 
way when I have sati::;íied your dellland
." 
c; Go on, go on, cursed spirit," replied the fairy, " fear nothing; 
lost thou think I am as perfidious an elf as thy::;elf, to break a sol- 
3mn oath? But be sure you tell me nothing but the truth; or I 
,hall certainly clip your wings.'; 
Danhasch proceeded to acquaint t.he fairy that he had just come 
:rom China, the king of which country had an only daughter, whose 
)eauty the genie spoke of in the most ardent terms. lIe added a 
;tory of her, the very counterpart of that of Camaralzaman, " that 
ler father was exceedingly desirous she shoulù marry; that she 
lad constantly rejected every suitor; and that at last the king of 
::;hina: enraged at her obstinacy, haù t;hut her up in pri
on, though 
loatingly fond of her." lIe concluded by repeating the most lav- 
sh applause of her Leauty, whi<.;h he said excelled any of the race 
)f mortals. 
Instead of nn
wering the genic, l\Iaimoune burst into a violent 
it of laughter. "I have just left," said she, c, a prince, in circuJtl- 
;tances nearl)" the same, but in beauty, X have no doubt, much S1l 
)erior to your princess." "'Tis impossil,le," rpplied Dalllmsch. 
I Peace, false 81)irit," replied the fairy: "Jou only wi
h to spnù 
nc a long way on a fruitless errand. I am cOllYinceù no mortal 
1lll excel the charming youth I }uwe just left.:' 
I )i\phasch was pi'lucd at tlri
. "If you will permit me, ap;ree. 
8 



170 


ATIAßL\N NIGHT:;' 


ollIe l\Iailr.ouue, " said lw, " I ",ill immediately convey my priltCCðS 
to the chamber your prince is in; we may then COLJpare them at 
our leisure, and decide our dispute." ,. Agrc(,d,:' replied the fairy, 
" provided you swenr to return the lady safe to the place you hring 
her from." The genie swore to do this; and l\Iaimoune haying 
told him where Camaralzaman slept, went thither and waited his 
arrival with tlle prince8s. 
Dauhasch w
s not long in performing this business: he intro. 
duced the princess, still a
leer, and laid her by the side of Camara.l. 
zaman. The fairy and the genie then compared them together, and 
each claimed the victory. l\Ia.imoune, vexed at the contest, t:!tampcd 
her foot 011 the floor, which opened, and there appeared a hideous 
genie, with six horns on his head, and claws on his hands and feet. 
"Cascheasch," said l\Iaimoune, "I called you here to determine 
between me and that vile genie; which is the most handsome of 
these two mortals? View them well, and deteTIIline impartially." 
Cascheasch surveyed them both with great attention and admira. 
tion. After awhile he said to the fairy, " It is impossible to de- 
termine your dispute, unless you cause them to awake in turn. I 
shall then he allIe, by olH;;ervin
 their vivacity and graceful car- 
riage, to deciùc your conte
t.'
 
:\Iaimoune con
<,nted, and, changing herself in
o a flea, she 
stung the prince 
o t;harply in the neck, that he awoke. She then 
resumed her own form, and joined the genie, continuing, as they 
were, invi:-;ihle. 
'Yhen Caramalzaman opened hi
 eyes, he .was afo1tonished to find 
by him a lady of such exquisite loveliness, lIe raised himself on 
his elbow, and gazed upon her with the most perfect admiration. 
Her blooming youth, her incomparable beauty, sei7.ed his heart in 
a moment; and he felt at once the full power of lon', which he 
had hefore so rigor01.1Hly rcsi:.-;ted. 
He saInted her with the utmust, fervor, aUfI earl)('
tly cnùNworetJ 
to awaken her. At leJ!gth. finding she continurd in n deep sleep 
and- that an unusual drowsineRs came o"er himself. he took 3 rin
 
from her fing<'l': and put one of his own in its {Ilace. He -haf 
scarcely llOl1C thi
, whcn a profound sleep overcame him. 
The euehautments of the fairy produced this sleep in tlw prine, 
and in B.tdoura (which was the name of the princess). Danhasc} 
tun'!; l'(>camc n flea, and ..:tung nadonr:1- 80 severely on the lip, tha 
Rhe rrcRcntly myoke. 
hf' was amazpd. in lwr turn. to find a. YOUII 



E
TEI{ 1'.\ I:\:\IE
T::;. 


IiI 


ma.n loYing ùy her; and oh::;erving how hal1tI
Ollle he was, her Won- 
der became admiration. "Is it you';: s:lÏd she, ,,; that the king, my 
father, has destinetl for my husband? .All! if he had introduced 
you to me, I should never haye illcen8t'(1 hUll by an ohstinate l.e- 
fusaL" The prince!:3
 had too much mode
ty to awakcll her sup- 
IJosed husùand, Lut she gazeù at him with much pleasure. At 
length she perceived he had exchauged rings with her. phe doubted 
110t but thit:; was a token of their marriage, though she could not rec- 
ollect the varticulars of ill ,rhile she thought ou these matters, 
her senses were at once locked up in sleep. 1\Iaimoune, without 
waiting for the decision of Caschearch, triumphed over Danhasch 
on the superior beauty of the prince. She then cOlluuallded the 
genii to convey the princess back again to her bed. They oLpycd; 
and morning being near, the fairy retired to her well. 
"\Vhen the prince awoke, he looked ahout for the lady whol:.ie 
charms had taken l)ossession of bis heart. Finding she wa
 not 
with him, he arose, and lm.ving washed and said his prayers, he sat 
down to meditate on what had I assed. lIe coucluded that the lady 
was conveyed to his bed by command of the king; he, doubting 
not, therefore: lJut that she was iutended for his bride. lIe inquired 
of his slave who she was, and who had brought her to his cham- 
ber 1 To these questions the sla,-e replied, by positi,-ely denying 
that any lady was introduced into his apartment " lIow," said the 
prince, " do you dare to tell me there was no lady with me 1" "I 
am sure/" replied the slave bluntly, "it is impossiLle, unless she 
passed through the walls, for I lay at the door." 
0amaralzaman was incensed at this presumptÍon of hi
 sl<1,.e, and 
c::med him severely. The slaye fled from him aud ran to the yÏ;Ûer, 
declaring that his master was mad; rela ting, 3S a proof, how he 
had punished him, and for what cause. The vizier, alarmed at tllis 
account, hastened to the prince, whom he found reading with great 
composure. On his entrance, Camaralzaman laid aside his book, 
and cOllversed so rationally, that the minister became enraged with 
the slave for giving him so causele
s an alarm; and was meditating 
punishment for him: ,":hen the prince, with much earnestness, ill- 
quired who the lady was who had been conveyed to his bed the pre- 
ceding night. 
The minister was thunderstruck at this demand. II e hesitatingly 

lldeavored to evaåe the question, whieh the prince observing
 1'e- 
lJeated in a stern and angry manner. Thus pushed, the vizieI 



172 


ARAbIAN I\'IGllTS' 


declared he knew of no l:tdy who had been admitted to him; he 
cven argucd the iHlros
iLility of such a circumstance having hap- 
pcned; and cOllduded, with per
uading the prince it must have 
been a dream, which had taken such full possession of hif:5 imagin- 
atioll. 
Camaralzaman became frantic with anger at this decluratiQD 
lIe was sati:sficù in bi
 own mind that a trick had been played 
him; he douLtcd not Lut the vizier was the contriver of it 
I ,rith the:se ideas, rCf:5lJect for neither the age nor office of the minis.. 
tcr had any weight with the enraged priuce; he caned him with 
a
 much severity as he had his OWIl slave. The vizier, in his turn, 
was glad to et;ca:pe, aud going to Schahzaman, he related to him 
the situation of the prince. 
The king: though angry with the young man, had still the ten- 
dere:st nJi'ectiull fur him; he received, therefore, his vizier's account. 
with great concern. lIe immediately paid his son a visit, who re- 
cei\"ed him Vl!,ry dutifully, })re:ssing him ea.rnestly to introduce the 
lady to him. ,,'" hatc\'er aversion, sir," said ho, "I formerly bad 
to woman, this young lady has charmed me to such a degree, that 
I am reaùy to receive her as the best gift you can bestow on mc." 
The king was much afflicted at this conversation. He assured 
him, in the most solemn manner, that no lady had Leen introduced 
to him, by his order; nor was it }JrobaLle any onc could have been 
there at all. He therefore conjured him to think rightly of the 
matter
 and belieye it to be, as it certainly was, a dream, a.nd 
nothing (;,18e. 
Camaralzaman heard his iitther with the most respectful at- 
tcntion; when he had finished his discoursc>, the prince held out bis 
hand and said, "You know, sir, the ring I usually wore, which was 
your maje:sty's paternal gift. You see I have it not; but on nIY 
finger is a \"wmau's ring, which I took from the lovely creature I 
found by my side, and gave her mine in the room of it; could this 
be a dream 1" 
The sight of the ring convinced Schal]zama.n. "Alas! my son," 
said he, ,. how should I rejoice if I could 
et before you the lady I 
ha \"e now no doulJt you haye seen. Some superior power has 
brought her to you, and you must wait with patience till she is 
restored to you again. Come now with me, and !'eSUlHe Jour place 
in' my council. I pardon your past obstinacy, and will no more 
urge you to marry." 



EXTE ItT.\ IX )lENT,-;. 


178 


The consequences of this interferellce of the genii, was still múre 
Berious in China. '\rhen the princess awoke in the morning, she 
inquired of her attendants who the young man was who bad been 
admitted into her apartments; she persisted in this demand, though 
they all declared no such circumstance could pos
ibly haye taken 
place; and as she obstinately maintained the truth of her assertion, 
and avowed herself ready to receive him as her hu::;band, although 
she had eyer before been so averse to marriage, the king, her 
father, concluded her intellects were deI'anged. lIe ordered her to 
be more closely confined; and issued a proclamation, 8tating her 
case, and offering her hand in marriage to anyone who was able to 
cure her. 
'rhe bOpè of obtaining so beautiful a princess, and with her the 
succession to a powerful kingdom, caused a great number of 
learned men to offer their services. The king, to check this multi- 
plicity of applications, thought fit to add another conùition to the 
undertaking, which was, that whoever attempted the cure and failed 
in completing it, should forfeit his head. ::\Iuch the greater part of 
those who had applied seceded fronl so dangerous an experiment, 
yet there remaincd many who, depending on their skill, or misled 
by their vanity, reðolved to attempt it. 
These drew lots to decide who should first he aùmitteù to the 
princess. The chance fell to an emir of the court, whose skill in 
phJsic and the occult sciences was unquestionable. The king him- 
self condescended to introduce him. As soon a:s the princess saw 
them enter her apartment, she dropped her veil, and complained to 
her father that he had brought with him a strange man, when her 
religion forbade her to be seen by such a one. The king apolo- 
gized ; and told her it was one of the emirs who had demanded her 
in marriage. "It is not, I see," replied the priucef's, " him to whom 
you have already given me; and your majesty may be assured I 
will never marry any other." 
The emir, who expected the princess would have bruken out into 
BOrne frantic excess, was confounded when he heard her talk so ra- 
tionally, and still more when he fonnd her di::;order arose from a 
disappoi
Üment in love. He threw himself at the king's feet and 
f:aiù, "You, sir, must be the physician in this rase, Ly giving the 
princess to the man she honors with her affection. The application 
of art or science can avail nothing toward curing a disorùer which 
arises from that passion which subdues all things." 



Ii! 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


The emir was led out; and the kmg enraged at his presumpt
 JI1 
and at his own di::mppoiuuueut, caused hislJead to be struck ufi
 aud 
fixed upon a pule at tbe principal gate of tbe city. The severity 
of this example did not deter otherH. )lallY were led by the great- 
nétiS of the prize to attempt restoring tbe princess, and, in a short 
time, mure than fifty heads were placed by that of the emir. 
The princess of China's nurHe had a Bon whose name was :\Iarza- 
van. lIe had been foster-brother to the princess; they were bred 
up together, and had a great affection for each other. ,rhen ,Mar- 
Zi.l\ an became a yOUJlg man, having a ðtudious turn, he applied hilll- 
sclfwith success to judicial astrology, geomacy, and other l:iecret arts. 
Alid to complete his education he tr
tvelled for some years, "isit- 
ing men of know ledge, and improving hilll
elf by their com- 
munications. 
.:\Iarzq,yan was surprised on his return home to see so many heads 
at the entrance of the city. After he had received and returned 
the caresses of his mother, he inquired of her the cause of that 
melancholy spectacle. The good old lady told him the fr
ory of 
those uufortunate men, which of course led her to relate that of 
the princes
, whose unhappy situation she descriLed very feelingly, 
.I\larzavan had great affection for Badoura; he was not without 
amhition ,; aJld had the greatest reason to rely npon his own tal- 
ents. He began to hope the cure of the prillces& was reserved for 
him, and l'('soh ed to offer himself for the dangerous office. lIe 

olllnlUnicated his il1telition tu his mother, who was exceedingly 
alarllleù at it. She besought him, with many tears, not to expose 
himself to certain death; and enumerated the many people of 
al)ilitiel-! who had fallen a sacrifice to their own i.ndiscretion ill risk- 
il/i-!' tllC fatal experiment. 
Fillding he was not to be overruled, she inl-'isted he should delay 
hiN illtelltion till the next day. 
larzavan consented. She return- 
ed immeùiately into the palaep, a.nd told the rrinces!S that lu'r son 
hall just returned from his travels, r..ud longed exceeùingly to 
ha \'e the hOBur of a.pproaching her. TIadoura retained a high 
rf'
arù for lwr f()
terJH'other. She readily consenteù to Hee him; 
'JUt. fiR it W:'t.ö neceH:-;a.ry to kppp so irrpgular a yi
it secret, it was 
1'esol \-ed to dr('
s him in woman'
 clothes anù introduce him at 
tllidnight. 
=\Iar
avan had now an opportunity of trying his al,iìitips in 
bafely. JIe p)'pparell fumigations, and took with him propf'r 


. 



ENTÄH.T AIX.11.EXTS. 


175 


books, to dispossess the evil spirit that he supposed had seizJd the 
princess. Badoura. received him with the greatest joy and sisterly 
affection. After the first compliments, 
Iarzavan began what he 
though.t 11 proper prol.:ess, which the princess perceiÜng, cried out, 
"\Vhat, my Lrother! do you also beli, ve that I am mad? Lndc- 
ceive yourself, aud hearken to what 1 shall relate to you." 
Badoura repeated her story to her foster-brother, and showed 
him the ring she had received in exchange for her own. .:\Iarza- 
van was filled with astunishment; be cntreatcd the princess would 
support her spirits, ",hi.le he '" eut in search of the object of her 
affections. Badoura was pleased with his zeal, though she had 
little hope of any good effect from it; and when he took his leave, 
di
lllissed him with great kindness. 
Though l\larzantu:s chimerical hopes were frustrated, he re- 
joiced that he had made bis experiment so cheaply. lIe was 
still 3 ctuated by a fraternal regard for the princess: under that 
influence lie set out aud travelled from pl'o,-ince to province ill 
search of her unknown loyer. For many days he heard in overy 
place the discour
e of the people respecting the princess Baùoura. 
and bel' indisposition. The further he \\"('ut from the capital of 
China tho less this was talked, till at length he heard 110 more of 
it. Be travelled on many days, and at IW5t he heard people talk 
of prince Camaralzaman, who, they said, was very ill. lIe pur- 
suea the story, which, as he proceeded on\\ard, he hea.rd lllore 
distinctly. The exact resemblauce there was Letwceu the btory of 
this priuce and that of Baùoura, left him no doubt he was the ob- 
ject of his inquiry. 
l\Iarzavan arrived, at length, at the capital of Khaledan, and 
introduced himself to the grand vizier as a skilful physician. The 
viÚer; finding from his conver:::ation that he was a man of 
ability, related to him the story of Camaralzaman, and endcd with 
tcllin:; him that a fixed melancholy had taken posse
sioll of the 
11'ince ever since, by which his health wa:5 much affecteù. lIe 
cntreated .:\Iarzavan to pay the young Illall a vil;it, and try it it 
WS8 in the power of his skill to afford him assistance. 
l\1arzavan eagerly embraced the proposal. and Leing introduced to 
t.he prince, found hilI1 lying 011 the bed, his eyes clused. aud entirely 
careless even of IJis father'8 attention, who de, otcd evcry momcnt 
he could sparo from public business to the cOllsolation of his SOll. 


 "XZ,Lvan was struck with the rcsemLlal1cc bet.wcen thc 10' el'S, 



176 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


and involuntarily exclaimed, " IIc
tyens! what a likeness P' This 
expl'e:5sion engaged the notice of the ,lJrillce, who rail:;ed himself 
up, and surveyed the f'tranger with grcat attentioll. 
larzavan 
paiù his eomplimellts to the prince in extempore verse, in which 
he glanced at his adventure in Emch delicate hint
, th
tt though 
Camaralz.aman rcadily understood he could give him information 
of the lady, neither the king lior his mini:::;ter observed anything 
more than a handsome compliment. 
At the desire of Camaralzamall he conversed with the stranger 
alone. l\It\rzaman declined to relate to the prince, in his present 
weak 
tate, all the particulars he was acquaiuted with. He only 
told him, generally, that he knew the lady for whom his highnesb 
lauguished; that she retained the same affection for him; and 
promised that, when his health was restored, be would give him 
c\'el'Y infurmation he could de:::;ire. From this time Camnralzaman 
entirely lost his melancholy; he lilCnded daily. 'fhe king loaded 
lVlarzavan with honors and reward
, and ordered public rejoicing8 
all ovcr the kingdom for his son's recovcry. 
The prince failcd not to claim from l\Iarzavan the intclli.genee 
he had promiscd, He readily informed him of the prescnt situa- 
tion of lladoura, and callcd upon him, by every tie of love and 
honor, to hastcn to relicve a princess who had suiì'ered so much for 
him. 
The prince of Khaledan was too sincerely attached to his be. 
loved unknown to need solicitation on this occa
ion. But as Le 
was sensible the king would never pcrmit him to undertake bO 
long a journey, he thought some management was necessary. Ac- 
cordingly, when his hea.lth was quite re-establish ed, he expressed 
a desire to hunt i
 a large forest near the confines of the kingdom. 
Haying obtained Schahzaman's consent, and continued the sport 
tor a week, the prince withdrew from hi8 train one night aCCOlll- 
Imnied only by .J\larzavan and a groom. Before 
l1orning they had 
got Lcyond his fathers's territories; when he sent the servant 
back with an account where he was gone, and on what occasion. 
They thcn sct off for the capital of China, where, after tnt\'elling 
near twclve munths, they arrivcd in perfect safety. . 
'Yhen they reachml the eity thcy found the mother of 
IarLa- 
van was {lead; all acees
, therefore, to the princes:::; was eut oft; 
except by public apl'licatioll to cure her. It now had beell n long 
time since anyone had Leen hardy enough to attempt so dospe- 



ENTEHTAI
:\IE
TS. 


1':'7 


rate an undertaking; and the people were astoniðhed when Cama- 
ralzaman, in the habit of an astrologer, appeared before the gate 
of the palace, and demanded admission to cure the princess, under 
the usual penalty. The bystanders c01)jured him to for
go 80 rash 
an attempt; lJut he .contillued resolute, and repeating hi
 demand 
in so firm and manly a manller, as maùe the people pity and 
tremble for him. On his beillg illtroduced to the king of China, 
his graceful appearance, noble aspect, and blooming youth, af- 
fected that prince; and as he had long consiùered the ca:se of his 
daughter as desperate, he cOlJ,ld not, without concern, see so fine a. 
young man Jèvote himself to de:struction. IIis maje:sty conde- 
8cendeù to expostulate with the supposed astroluger: "You haye," 
said the king, " scarcely obtained sufficient experiCllCe to be equal 
to an undertaking which has bafHed abilities of many very learned 
men. Let me then advise you to desi:st, since, if you attempt and 
fail, nothing on earth can ::;ave your life," 
Camaralz.aman answered the king with modesty and gratitude, 
and, at the same time; expressed so much confidpnce of success, 
that his majesty sent immediately for the chief eunuch, 
nd or- 
dered him to conduct the stranger to the princess. As tbey þ:
="'
- 
ed through a long gallery the IJrince, through impatience, w&.n.
,Hl 
before the old slave, who was obliged to hasten to üvert:1ke him. 
" You are in a strange hurry," 8aid the eunuch, "to get to an aIJart- 
ment from whence, 1 fear, you will think you return too BOOl1. I 
have attended many on this errand, and always found before, that 
they approached with apprehension." "That," replied the princo, 
,: was a proof of their inability. But, good eunuch, to COIl vince 
you that I am no vain boaster, supply me only with pen, ink, rt.hfl 
paper, anù I will undertake to cure the princess withuut bel!.'g 
iutroduced to her." 
The amazed eunuch did so, and Camaralzaman wrote a tender 
billet to the princess, and enclosed in it the ring he had taken from 
her finger. Baùoura received the note from the eunuch with great 
indifference when he told her it came from an astrologer who had 
underhtken to cure her; but the instant she Eaw her own ring, 
she had scarce patience to read it; she demanded to be led imme- 
diately to the person w1 0 wrote it. The eunuch accordingly con- 
ducted her to the room where he had left the prince, who had 
thrown a
ide the astrologer's haLit, and waited to receive her with 
. the most anxious impa.tieuce. They kIlew each other the instant 
S. 



178 


AHABI.-\N KH..ìllTS' 


they met Camarahalllan flew to the arms of the vrinceb8; and 
the maImer in which she l'eceiyetl him, COllvinced her attendants 
that her cure was perfecteù. 
The eUllJ,1Ch hastened to tlle king with the welcome tidings. 
That monarch could 8Û':.1l'cely credit his report. lIe wmlt directly 
to his dauo'hter's a l )artlllents, and emlJraceù her; after which he 
o . 
presented her haud to Camaralzaman, and gave orders for the 
marriage tu be immediately solemnized. 
The kiug of Chin:L was highly plptlsed \y hen he found his new 
Bon-in-law was a priuce. He heard from him, with fresh wonùer, 
the IDanuer in which he became contracted to the prince
8, hasiJlg 
eyer cuu:sidered Badoura's account of it as a proof of her di
order. 
The rejoicing!::; Oll the !'ccovery aud l
larriage of the princess were 
universal. 
For a whole year Camaralzaman g
LVe himself up to the delights 
of his new sItuatiun. III the miù::;t of theseeujoyments he dreamt 
one nig;ht, that he saw Scha.hzaman, his father, Oll his death-bed; 
and hea.l'd him say to his attenda.nts, "
I Y son, whom I 80 ten 
derly loved; my Bon, \"hom I bred with so much affection, se 
11\1l('h Citre, hath allaudoned me; find is himS"Olf, by that mea.ns, the 
cause of my d
ath.
' lIe awoke in grea.t distress. 
In the morning he rela.ted his dream to the l)rÏncess Badoura, 
and they agreed to request the king of China that he would permit 
them to take a journey to see Schahzaman. Though the request 

;a's too re:.Lt:;(lllable to be refused, yet the king of Chinn. parted 
from thcm l'clucbut!y; and on condition that they should 8tay no 
hmger than a year in Schahza.man's court, and then return to him 
fJ,.:;
Ún. 
They set out with a slllall retinue, after haying taken a tender 
f
trewell of the king of China; and travelled for It month, makiug 
easy journeys through a delightful country. Oue day the weather 
})eillg very hot, Camaralzaman ordered the tents to be pitched, 
during the heat of the day, in a grove of tall trees. The princcF:s 
Leing weary, retired to her tent, and bade her women to untie her 
girdle, which they laid down by her, alld she falling asleep, her 
attendan ts left her. 
The prince, when everything was properly disposed of, came to 
the tent where the princess was asleep. As he elltered, he ob- 
served her girdle, which he took up and examined: in the mi ldle 
of it he founel R little pur8e which contained a cornelian, tied by a 



J.:XTE RT A I'\--:\IE.
TS. 


17n 


red ribbon, and engravPll ill unknown figures and characters; by a 
paper annexed to it, he learncd that it was a talisman, on which 
there was a scheme of Badoura't; nativity, drawn from the cOllstel. 
lations; and that it was lately giyen to her by the qUCCll of China, 
as a charm that would preserve her from ill fortune as long as 
she had it about her. The tent being too dark to observe the en. 
gravings dÎ:stÍnctly, the prince took it to the door; where, while he 
was looking at it, a bird darted from the air, and 8natched it from 
him. 
Oamaralzamall was exceedingly grieved whcn he S.LW the bird 
flyaway with the tali::;man. He blamed severely his idle curiosity, 
by which he had lost a treaç;ure so valued by the prince:ss. The 
bird having got her prize, pitched upon the ground not far off, with 
the talisman in her mouth; the prince drew near, in hopes she 
would drop it; but as he approached, she took wing and pitehed 
agn,in farther otf. On maralzanum followed her, and the oird hav- 
ing swallowed the talisman, took a small flight fa! ther still. The 
prince hoped to kill hcr with a stone; and as she fiew but a little 
way at a time, he became more awl more eager in pursuing her. 
Thus the ùird led him from hill to vallPy, and from valley to hill 
all day; and instead of perching at lJi 6 ht on a bush, where he 
might probably have taken her, Rhe ruosteù on a high tree, Bafe 
from hís pursuit. The prince, grio\Ted at the mi
fortl1))es of the 
day, would have returned to his camp, but alas! he thought of it 
too late. "
hither shall he go? which way return 1 how will he 
be able to trace back his steps oyer mountains and valleys ne,yer 
trod before? Darkness and fatigue alike pre\Tented him. Besides, 
how durst he appear before his princess without her talisman 1 
O\Terwhelmed wit,h these distrcssing thoughts, he 
at down at the 
foot of a tree, and slecp gaye him a :short re8pite from his affliction. 
lIe a woke the next morning before the bird had left the tree; 
and, as t50011 as he saw 11f'r on the wing, followc(l her. lIe con- 
tinued to do 80 the whole day, with no b
tter succe1'lR than he had 
had the day before, eating nothing but herbs and fl'ujts, which he 
picke<l as he walked. For ten da.ys he pursued the mischievous 

 bird, sleeping every night under the tree where she roo'5ted. On 
the ele\.el1th day, he drew near to a great city, awl the bird flying 
OYcr the walls, he saw her no more. 
Camaralzaman entered the city, overcome with grief and despair. 
If (3 wauden-d about for some time, and, at last, cam/,} to the side 



180 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


of a river. He proceeded Oll the hank:;; of it, till he saw a. gato 
open, which he entered, and found a gardener at wn-k, who after 
looking at him a little while, called out for him to come forward, 
and shut the door. 'rhe prince did as he was direl\ted, aud goillg 
up to the gardener, asked him the reason of his being so cautious. 
,. Because," replied the old man, " I judge you are a stranger, and 
I perceive, by your dress, that you, as well as myself, aré :1 
lQE:8ul- 
man. This city is inhabited by idolaters, who have a mortal 
hatred to true helievers. It is wonderful how you haye escaped 
ill usage, as you must ha\Te come through a considerable part of 
the city. But you seem weary; come into my house; I will give 
you the best refreshments in my power; and you shall then tell 
me if I can do you more matorial service." 
The prince thankfully accepted the frieIidly offer he stood so 
much in need of. The benevolent gardener conducted him into his 
little hut, clean though 6Illall
 and well defended from the weather. 
He set before him his provi
ions, and entertained him with so 
much heartiness, that the prince was quite charmed; and at the 
request of his host readily told him who he was, and by what acci- 
dent he came there. He concluded with saying, "Having been 
eleven days separated from my dear princess, I have no chance of 
meeting with her again on her journey; my only bope is, that she 
will proceed to my father's territories; and I must beg of you to in- 
form me in what manner I can Lest convey myself thither to meet 
her." 
The gardener told him it would be impossihle for him to return 
home by land, as his way lay through 80 many barbarous nations_ 
" There is," continued he, " a ship sails from this port once a year 
to the I
le of Ebene; whence you may easily convey yourself to 
Khaledan, but that ship sailed only a few days ago; it will of 
course be near a year before you will have that opportunity. In 
the meantime, I would advise you to remain with me: here you 
will enjoy perfect safety, and in due time you will join your 
princess, in your Own country, with little risk or inconvenience." 
C.Lluaralzaman, on consideration, embraced the gardener's friendly 
offer. lIe passed the days in la.boring in the garden, that ho 
might be as little bm'densome as pos
ihle to his host; and the 
nig;ht
 in thinkin2: of his dear Badoura and lamentincr their un. 
., , 0 
fortllna te Reparation. 



E
T EHT A INJIENTS. 


181 


THE STORY OF TilE PRINCESS BADOUR
 AFTER HER SEPARATION 
FROM PRINCE CAMARALZAl\1AN. 



'he princess slept a long while; and when she awoke, she mi
sed 
the talisman from her girdle. She inquired for the prince, not 
doubting but that he had taken it up: and expected his return with 
much illlp'atience. 
'Yhen the day closed, and the succeeding night had passed awny, 
and Camaralzallan continued absent, the alarm and affliction' 
of Badoura became very great; but she had too much good sense 
to indulge an unavailing sorrow, especially at a time when spirit 
and re:solution were so l1ece
sary tor her safety. K one of the 
party, except her own women, knew of the prince's absence. Ba- 
doura, when she saw he did not return on the third day, dressed 
herself in a suit of his clothes, and going among the body of the 
attendant
, ordered them to strike the tents and pursue their route. 
'fhe great likeness between her and Camaralzaman; made her 
easily pass for him. She ordered one of her women to take her 
seat in the caravan, while she mounted on horseback and rode by 
the side of it; thus they travelled for several months, till they 
arrived at the capital of Ebene; when Armanos, king of that 
island, iuvited the supposed son of his ally, Schahzaman, to repose 
awhile in his court, before he proceeded to Khaledan, 
The princess Badoura accepted the invitation, and was received 
hy Armanos with much hospitality. 'fhe king was greatly pleased 
with the supposed Camaralzaman. He contrived every means of 
amusing hinl to prevent his departure; and at length frankly offered 
to gh-e him his only çlaughter, Haiatalnefous, to wiff', and to place 
the crown of Ebene on his head, which, old age had made too bur- 
densome for his own. 
Badoura was much perplexed by this offer, which she dreaded 
alike to accept or reject. The inconveniences attending her be- 
coming the husband of the princess of Ebene were ohdous. yet 
, L 
if she refused, she had everything to apprehend from the anger of 
the king, in whose power she waR, and who no doulJt would resent 
the indignity. Nor dllrst she discover her sex, 3,." she was unpro. 
tected by Camaralzaman, uncertain of his f
lte, and at such a dis- 
tance from her father's kingdom. She resolved, therefore, to throw 
herself on the generof'ity of the princess. She accepted the king's 
oirer with great apparent joy; and having given a probable renson 



182 


AJ
ABIAN NIG IlTS' 


for her conduct to such of her attcndalltõ; as thought her Camaral 
zaman, anù cautioned tho few of her womcn who knew the Becre
 
to be faithful and t;i.lent i shc prcpared herself to be the bridegroom 
of IIaiataluefous. 
Thc king sllmmoned his council and grea.t men, and, in their 
presence, rcsigned his crown to the supposed Camn.ralzaman. Tho 
next da.y, Badoura was dccoratcd in the regalia of the kingdom; 
anù the marriil.ge ritcs were celebrated with the utmost splendor, 
amidst rejoicings which gladdened cvery heart except that of tho 
b:'iùegroom. 
In the evening, when they had retired together, Eadoura, not 
withont confusion, acquainted the princess that she was a woman. 
She related, with many tears, the Htory of her marriage with Cam- 
aralzaman: and of their ullfûrtullate separation. "I dllrst not,'> 
coutillued she, "refuse your father's ofter, nor explain my situation 
to him. I rely entirely on your good nature to keep my secret 3. 
short time. If the prince of KhalC'dan is living, it cannot he long 
1)ofore he will arrive hcre, on hit! way home; and should you think 
him as amiaLle as I do, I will conscnt that he shall be your hus- 
band, as wC'1l as mine, which you know is agreeably to the laws of 
the prophet. If, on the other hand, he is 110 more, I shall con- 
tinue by your kindness, in safety here, till I can acr{lmint my royal 
tather with my situation." 
The princess of EùC'ne heard Badonra's story with wonder and 
}lIty. \\'hcn she had finished her narrativc, Haiatalnefous em- 
braced her, saying, "I do not hlame your sorrow, unfortunate prin- 
cess; it must needs })e great for the loss of a hushand so aCCOl1l- 
pli
hed as you describe Camaralzamall; I "..ill keep Jour t5C'cret, 
anù shall be glad, hy every nwa.ns in my power, to alleyiatc your 
grief." :From this time the lllO::::;t Ilprfpct frieud:-;l1Ìp took place be- 
tWf'en the two princesl'es; and J
a<Ìoura, became C'ycry day more 
C'l'iteelllcd hy Ârmanos and his people, conducting tIre affairs of 
the kin
dolJl with great al)ility and Rt1C'('CSS. 
'fhilc tllPse thin
s passcfl in the island of }
lJC'n(', (1anmralza- 
ma.n .rclllailH'd with his friendly ga.}"clC'}}C'r, impaticlItly waiting for 
thc tImc whcn he 
houlù 1JC ahlc to I'et f<.}rwal'd. in I'ear<.'h of his 
1eloveJ I
a<.1oura. aue ]))()l'uiug. WhC'1l he was pl'C'pa.ring to go to 
'
Ol:k, the .gardener prevented him, saying, "This day iA a great 
test1\"al With the idolatC'l's, on which acC'ount they will not suff"C'! 
l\1li.

lIlli1alls to work. I will go to the port, aud as the time ape 



E
TERl'AI
 11E:-fl'S. 


183 


proaches in which the ship sails to ELene, I will secure you 1
 pas- 
sage in it. But I would advise you to continue here, amI alHllSO 
yourself in the garden till I return. 
1'l1e prince pursueù tho advice of his host. '''--hile he was re- 
posillg himself uuder a tuft of trees, indulging hi!:) melancholy 
reBections, he was disturbed by two bird
 fighting, and making a 
great nobe very near him. In a little time one of them fell down 
dead, and the victorious bird flew away. 
III a 
hort time two other Lird
 came, and pitched themselves 
one at the head and the other at the feet of the dead bird. After 
seeming to express much concern, they dug a grave with their 
talons, and interred the defunct. 'fhis done, they flew away; but 

eturned in a few minutes, bringing '\\ ith them the victor bird, one 
holding a wing in bel' beak aud the other a leg, the prisoner all the 
while screaming most piteously, and struggliug to escape. They 
carried him to the grave of the dead bird" where they put him to 
death; and tearing him to pieces with their Leaks, they strewed 
11Ïs remains about the place where they had buried his antagonist. 
1Yhell the two avenging birds had flown away, Camaralzaman 
drew near the spot, and, looking on the dismembered cm"ca:se, he 
saw something red hanging out of it. lIe took it up, ànd found it 
was bis beloved Badoura's talisman. K othing could exceed the 
joy he felt on this happy event. lIe had no doubt but it was a 
presage of a speedy meeting with his lovely princess. lIe tri- 
umphed over the mischievous bird who ha.d been the cause of his 
misfortunes, and rejoiced at the vengeance which had oVeI"takell 
him, in the perpetration of a new enormity against one of his own 
spccies. 
The prince being much agitated with the adventure of the day, 
retired to rest before the return of the gardener. In the morning, 
he related to his host what had befallen him. The friendly gar- 
dcner took part in his satisfaction: "I congratulate you, prince," 
said he, " on this happy event; and I shall increase your joy, by 
acquainting you that the vessel Rails to Ebene in a few days. The 
exact time wiU be appointed this morning; I will return to the 
port, and bring you notice of it; meantime you will find exercise 
and amusement by cutting away yon decayed tree." 
The gardener set out accordingly, and Camaralzal11an took his 
tools and began to dig round the tree. \Vhen he had turned up 
the earth a few feet deep, he discovered a broad plate of brass, 



184 


AK\BIA
 
IGIIT;:;' 


under which was a staircase of ten steps; be went down, and a& 
the bottom ::saw a cave, with fifty brass urns placed in order around 
it. He opened them all, and found them full of gold-dust. 'rhe 
prince was much pleased with this event; and as soon as the gar- 
dener returned he conducted him to the cave, and congratulated 
him on his poosessing so much wealth in his old age, the reward of 
his yirtue, and a recompense for his past lahor. 
., How F' l'eplied the gardener, "do you think I will take these 
riches as mine 1 For fourscore ycars I have la1Jored in this garden; 
if tbis treasure had been destined for me, I should have found it 
long ago. It comcs to you, prince, in good time, as three days 
hcnce the vessel sails to ELene, and I have taken a passage for you 
in it," Camaralzaman pres8ed his host much to receive the 
treasure; and after a long dispute: they agreed to di vide it between 
th em, 
This afihir being settled
 the gardener told Camaralzaman it 
would be necessary to act with caution, or the idolaters would 
seize bis t.reasure: "Fill, therefore," said he, " fifty jars, half with 
gold-dust, the other half with olives; which is a common article 
of traffic between this place and Ebene, where none grow." The 
prince took this prudent advice; and, fearing lest his talismnll 
should be again 10Rt, he carefully put it up in one of the jars, and 
sent the whole on board the vessel. 
The next day Camaralzaman had the mortification to find his 
friendly host exceeding ill: the day follo"wing he grew worse; 
and, on the third day, when the prince should have embarked
 he 
was in the a
ouies of death. The wind bcing fair; the captain 
Bent to his passcnger, and pressed him to come on board imme- 
diately. The distress of the prince was extrUl1e. If he ll1isEed 
this opportunity, he knew it must be another year before he could 
get away from the city of idolaters; all which time he must re- 
main in uncertainty a
 to the fate of his dear princess. Her sor- 
row for him also must continue so much longcr. N or was this all ; 
the talisman, that source of all his ihisfortunes, was no longer in 
his posscssion; and in whose hands it might fall, when the ship 
arrived at ELC'ne, it was imposRihle to foresee. 
On the othp.r hand, to lease his benefactor to expire by"himself, 
when he ought to receiye the confe:-;sion òf his faith, which all 
good 
Iu8suhnaus repeat 'Lefore they die: to suffer his remains to 
pprish unburipd; and insulted by the idolaters (which he knEw 



ENTERT ADDIEXTS. 


185 


must be the case, if he did not stay to fulfil the last t Iffices for 
him), all this was such an ungrateful return for the gardener's 
zeal, fidelity, and benevolence, that, though the struggle was a 
severe one, the virtue of the prince prevailed. He received the 
last breath of his friendly host, washed his body, anù interred it 
decently in his own garden; after which, though night was at 
hand, he ran to the seaside, aud had the mortification to find that the 
vessel had sailed about an hour before, the captain having waited 
for him till the last moment. 
Camaralzaman submitted to his fate with fortitude, though not 
without extreme sorrow, the consciousness of haYing acted right, 
supporting him under the painful conseqnences of it. The vessel 
had a quick passage to Ehene; where, on its arrival, inquiry.was 
made, Ly command of the king, if it had brought [Lny olives. It 
happened there were nOlle on board but those Lelonging to Cama- 
ralzaman. Badoura, who was fond of that fruit, ordered all the 
fifty jars to be bought at a high price for her own use. 
In the evening, when the princess withdrew into the inner pal- 
ace to sup with Haiatalnefous, she ordered some of these olives to 
be brought to table. On emptying the jar, they were surprised 
to find a large quantity of gold-dust among them; and, on further 
examination, Badoura saw and remembered her talisman. She 
caught it up: and immediately fl1.inted away. 
On her recovery she dismissed the attendants, and, showing 
IIaiatalnefous the talisman, the two princesses rejoiced together 
in the fortuuate omen. In the morning the supposed king sent 
for the captain of the vessel, und inquired strictly who was the 
owner of the olives he had sold the day before 1 The captain 
readily told the little he knew of him; on which Badoura com- 
manded him to sail immediately, to seize that man, and bring him 
to Ebcne, offering great rewards if this was done, and threatening 
every severity if he failed, 
The captain 
et Rail accordingly. 'then he arrived off the city 
of iùolaters, he did not think proper to entcr the harbor; but 
drawing aR npar the coast as he coulcl, when it was dark, he landed 
a party of his men: and seizing Camaralzaman, conveyed him 
aboard with great silence; after which he immediately hoisted 
sail again fiJr :Ehelle. 
'The captain, agrc('ahly to his instructions, treatcd the prince 
with great re!':pect, hut refused to t()ll him why he was thus made 



186 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


ß prisoner. ThE! princess Badaura had immediate notice of their 
arrival, when she ordered Camaralzaman to be brought into her 
presence. She instantly knew him, notwithstanding his gardener's 
dress. Had she followed the dictates of her heart, she would 
have flown to his embraces; but conceiving it was more to his in. 
terest for her to support the character of king a little longer, she 
suppressed her emotions, and ordered him to be conducted to a 
handsome apartment, and supplied with everything be wanted in 
the most ample manner. 
The next morning she cau.sed him to be richly clothed, and in- 
troduced to her in council; and in the pre
ence of the emirs she 
avowed her knowledge of his abilities, and appointed him lord 
treasurer. Camaralzaman received bis appointment with wonder, 
and would have rejoiced in so favorable a change in his situation, 
if all joy had not been destroyed by his fruitless inquiry after his 
beloved princess. . 
For a short he executed the d4ties of his office with great aùil- 
ity; when tho supposed king, desirous to put an end to his sor- 
row, and her own constraint, ordered him to attend her one eve- 
ning in the inner palace. )Vhen he arrived, Badoura led him 
into a private room, and taking the talisman out of her pocket, 
said, "It is not long since this was presented to me. As I have 
reason to think you are skilled in these things, I would know of 
you what are its properties." 
Camaralzaman took the talisman, and drawing near a lamp to 
look at it, immediately knew it. " 0 king," exclaimed he," it has 
one property, which is to kill me with grief if I do not shortly find 
Olle of the most charming women in the world to whom it belongs, 
whose loss I have never ceased a moment to de:}lore; nor shall I 
fail to excite your compassion, when I have related my misfortunes 
to you." 
"At another time," replied Badoura, "I shall willingly hear 
Jour story. You may suppose I am not entirely unacquainted 
with it, But compose yourself now, and wait here till I return 
to you." Having said this, she retired, and laying a
ide her regal 
1'0 bes, she dressed herself as a woman, and presented herself to 
her husùan d. 
It would be in vain to attempt relating the transports of the 
lovers on their re-union. After they were a little subsided, Cam- 
ar:1lzaman expressed his gratitud
 to the king for havin
 B) 



E
"TEHT .\INMESTS. 


187 


greatly delighted and surprised him. " Do not expect," replied 
the princess, "to see that king any more." She then procecdcd 
to relate to him her adventures, and the plan she had formed to 
procure for hilll the crown of Ebeqe. 
In the morning Badoura sent a message to Armanos, desiring 
to Bee him. lIe came immediately, and finding in the inner palace 
a strange lady and the lord treasurer (whose presence in those 
apartments was unlawful), was at a loss what to say. Sitting 
down, he asked where the king was; to which Badouro. replied, 

'Y esterday, my lord, I was king; but now am contented to be 
only princess of China, and to acknowledge that prince for my 
husband," 
She went on relating her story, and eXplaining to Armanos the 
motives of her conduct. "Your daughter, sir, the lovely lIaiatal. 
nefous, has assisted me in this critical situation with her secrecy 
and her councils. In return, if your majesty chooses to bestow 
your crown on the real Camaralzarnan, I am willing he should 
become her husband also; to which I have her permission to de- 
clare her consent." 
ArmaDos was delighted with the spirit and good conduct of 
Badoura; he readily agreed to confer his daughter and his crown 
on so deserving a prince as Camaralzaman, who received them 
both with the utmost gratitude. 
'fhe next year each of the princesses brought forth a son. The 
prince, of whom Badoura was delivered, was nallled Arngrad 
(most glorious). The son of IIaiatalnefous was oalled Assad (most 
happy). Their birth inoreased the friendship of their royal pa- 
rents, and greatly heightened the satisfaction of the venerable 
king Armanos. 


THE STORY OF THE PRINCES AMGRAD AND ASSAD. 
King Camaralzaman lived many years happily with his queens 
Badoura and. IIaiatalnefous. He had the delight to find his two 
sons, as they grew up, become very accomplished princes, and 
very dutiful children. The most cordial friendship subsisted be- 
t ween the two queens; and the princes having the Bame tutors, 
the same officers, the same amusements, seemed also to have the 
Ettme soul, the most perfect fraternal affection binding them to 
eaeh other. 
This delightful scene of domestic felicity was at 
nce destro)-ed 



188 


ARABIAN KIGHTS' 


by the folly of Camaralzaman. The young princes had tttailled 
the age of eighteen, and the king waR past the meridian of life, 
when he took a fancy to indulge himself with the privilege the 
prophet allows, and married two other wives. The ladies were 
young and of exquisite beauty; but besides beauty they possessed no 
desirable quality. Camaralzaman was so infatuated that he treated 
his two respectable queens with neglect, and attached himself to 
his new wives with a fondness bordering on dotage. Far from re 
turning this ridiculous passion, they turned their thoughts to other 
objects. The manly graces of the two young princes engaged 
their attention; and they contriyed to let them know that their 
visits might be secret, and would not be unwelcome. 
Amgrad and Assad had too much filial piety to receive this in- 
vitation with patience. They rejected the offcr with abhorrence, 
and eyen punished the slaye seyerely who brought the billets. 
From this moment the new queens vowed their destruction. In 
the state of the king's mind this was not difficult to effect. They 
ceased not to insinuate that the young men were disgusted on 
behalf of their mothers, and had ambitious designs of their own. 
These hin
s were dropped, as if given with reluctance; and extorted 
from them them through concern for the king's safety. 
By these arts Camaralzaman was led to consider his sons as his 
most dangerous enemies. He 'would have publicly put them to 
death, but that he dreaded their popularity. lIe directed them, 
thereforl', to go to a distant place on the frontiers of the kingdom, 
pretf'nding that their studies were interrupted by the bustle of 
the capital. An emir, of the name of Giendar, with a few attend- 
ants, were ordered to escort them, and the princes, whose obedience 
to the commands of their father was implicit, set out accordingly. 
'Vhen they arrived at an extensive and uncultivated forest, GiC'ndar 
left his retinue on the borders, and led the princes a considerable way 
within it, where he produced an order from the king to put them 
both to death; they submitted without murmuring to this cruel 
decree: a contest only arose between them who should be first 
sacrificed to their father's caprice. 'This affecting di
pute wa.s car- 
ried on with so much tenderness, as quite melted the emir. At 
this instant a lion jumped out of the thicket and ma.de at Giendar, 
who, in his fright, dropped hi:s scimitar and fled. 
K otwithstallding his hastC', he mu:st soon haye been destrún
d, If 
AmgJ'ad had 110t ta.ken pity of him. lIe ca.ught up the s
imitar 



E
TERT AI
ME
TS. 


189 


and encountered the furious beast at the moment he was ah)Ut to 
seize the emir, and by a fortunate stroke, felled him to the ground 
u.nd slew him. 
Giendar, thus rescued from desu-uction, threw himself at the 
feet of his deli,"erer. "I should be," said he," the most un- 
worthy of mankind- if I could now, for a moment, entertain a 
thought of performing the horrid task I came here to execute. Go, 
unfortunate princes," cont,inued he, ., Hea.ven will 110 doubt protect 
your innocence. Go, and seek from fortune a more favorable 
country; only give me your upper garments that I may produce 
the,m to the king as a proof that I have obeyed him." The princes 
complied, and gave him their garments, which the emir dipped in 
the blood of the lion; and then with many expressions of grati- 
tude and affection, he bade them farewell. 
On Giendar's return to court, Camaralzaman was very inquisi- 
tive to know in what manner his sons had submitted to their fate, 
and whether they had confessed their guilt. The emir told the 
king that they received his order with the most dutiful resignation; 
that they protested their innocence with their last breath, and 
died blessing their royal father, who had been led by the deceit and 
wickedness of others to destroy his children. 
The king was much affected by this account. A Budden impu]se 
led him to examine the clothes of his sons. In their pockets he 
found the letters they had received from their new fa.vorites, who 
had wrought their destruction. The whole truth at once flashed 
on the unhappy Camaralzama.n. He saw with horror the guilt 
and misery into which he had been misled. As some atonement, 
he immediately banished his betrayers, separately to the most re- 
mote parts of his dominions; where they ended their days in pri80n, 
after Dlany years spent in solitude, and in those tormenting reflec- 
tions which wickedness ever excites in the minds of her unha11py 
votaries. 
The two unfortunate princes wandered some month"! in a track. 
less country, passing over mountains scarce accessible, and 
through forests they could with difficulty penetrate, living on 
such fruits and herbs as they could find, and watching by turns at 
nigh t to þ!;uard against the wild beasts. 
At length they arrived witbin sight of a large city. 'Vhen they 
drew' near it, they agreed tbat one of them only should enter 
it, and learn what 'ort of people inhabited it. After much dispute 



190 


ARAnIA
 NIGHTS' 


,,,tho should go, each wishil1g to shield the other from d-anger by 
exposing him::;elf to it, they agreed to draw lots; when the chaucG 
fitlling to Assad, he took a tender leave of his brother, whom he 
left in n, 
rove not far from the. city. 
As soon as Assad arrived there, he inquired of a revereml old 
lll:lll which was the way to the market-place, Leing desirous to 
purchase provisions for his own and his la.other's refreslullcnt. 
The old man was well dressed, and appeared rcspectaLle. lIe an. 
swered very obligingly, l, That, seeing he was a strangcr, he would 
walk with him thither." 'l'hey chatted as they passed along; and 
the old man contrived to represent himself to the unsuspecting 
prince, as a wonder of honesty and goodness. "Vhen they camb 
to a great house, the old man said, "Son, you must Ileed
 Le 
weary; this is my house, which I entreat you to enter, and let me 
foot before you such fare as it affords; after which I will attend 
you to any part of the city." The prince, who was really fatigued, 
and had also formed a very good opinio
 of his conductor, thank- 
fully accepted his inyitation. 
The old man led Assad through a long passage into a hall, 
where there were forty other persons, who made a circle round a. 
flaming fire, which they adore. The prince was shocked at their 
impiety; but his attention wa::; soon taken up with his oW!l concerns. 

rhe old cheat saluted the company, saying, "Devout adorers of 
fire, this is a fortunate day for us. This young l\Iussulman will be 
all acceptable sacrifice to our diyinity. Gazban," continHed he, 
addressing himself to the black slase, ,. do you take him and pre- 
pare him, by proper chastisement for the holy festival; and let 
my daughters, Bostava and Canuua, regulate his diet, that he may 
he fit to Le offered up when the next ship departs for the blue sea. 
and the fiery mountain. 
Assad sawall resistance was in vain. He disdained to expostu- 
late with the hoary traitor, who had deceived him, and submitted 
with fortitude to - his fate. Gazban loaded him with chains, and 
threw him into a dungeon, where he failed not to visit him often, 
and administer the discipline uf the whip. 
Once a day Bostava anû Cavama attended him with the coarsest 
food: and as he was chained hands and feet. they fed him. All 
the time they reproached and mortified him; by cyery insult and 
barbarity in their power. 'Yhile they thus obeyed their father, 
and performed as they supposed an acceptable service to their 



E}; rEI
T.\ IXl\IEXl'S. 


191 


dl'ity, Cayama gratified a furious and lllaLgnant zpaI; but Bm;tava 
was of a more gCllt]e nature; and whcneycr 
he eould, with safety 
to herself, she did him kind officcs. 
Amgrad waitc,l for his bruthcr's rcturn with cxtrprnc impaticnce, 
and at length resolved to cnter the city ill scarch of him. On his 
arrival, he was surprised to find so few l)(,o1'lc ill the habit of ,Mus- 
sulmans. At length 8eeillg olle of that de
cription at work in his 
shop, he a
kcd him the name of the city, amI how it camc to pass 
that he mct so few of thc faithful in it. "Brother," replied the 
tailor, ". I pcrceiyc that you arc a t:itrangcr; if you will come in 
and sit down, I can convcrse with you freely, and will give you 
advice which may be of use to you." Amgrad aceepted his in- 
vitation, and being very anxious about A
sad, he began to inq uire, 
with grcat earnestness, if he had seen or heard of such a person. 
" Alas! sir," replied the friendly tailor, " I have not seen him; 
and I very much fear you will never see him again. This city is 
called the city of lVlagicians; bccauHe the most of the inhabitants 
are of that dcscription. They are all adorers of fire, anù bear a 
mortal hatred to the true believers. 'fhey clare not assault us of that 
faith, who are inhabitants of the city; but if a stranger l\lut'6ulman 
falls into their hands, he is selùom heard of more. Do not, how- 
ever, giye 'way to fruitless gricf, you shall live with me till you have 
learncd the customs of the place, and thcn you will be in perfect 
safety." 
Amgrad accepted the tailor's invitation, and continued with him 
for more than a month. without once stirring out of doors. At. 
length, weary with so long a confincment, alld thinking he had 
learned sufficient caution from the conversation of his host, he ven- 
tur('d to go to the public baths. 
On his return, he fell into a scrape which had nearly proved 
fatal to him. A heautiful wanton accosted him, and removing her 
veil, discovered charms which were irre
il:5tihle; after conversing 
with him for SOIllP time, she frankly offered to go home nnd dine 
with him. Amgrad dllI'st not conduct her to the honse of his 
friC'udly tailor; yet he had no mind to rcfhse }Wl' offer. In this un. 
t::ertmllty he rcsoh-ed to throw himsdf upon chance. lIe walked 
on from street to stre('t, the lady follow ing him, till they both 
were weary. They came at length to a large gate, which had a 
spat on each side of it, on one of which Amgrad seated the lady, 
and sat down himself on the other. 



1D2 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


The lady ask{'>d him if that was the door of his house. II e incon 
Biderately replied it was. ""\Vhy do you not go in then 1" said the 
lady; "it is not decent for me to sit here." The prince, by thif:! 
time, had begun to reflect upon his situation
 and earnestly wished 
to get rid of his companion; he told her, therefore, that his slaye 
had the key, and he feared 'Would not return for a great while, as 
he frequently stayed long on his errands. 
The lady abused and threatened the absent slave; and taking up 
8 stone broke the lock, which was only wood, and weak, according 
to the fashion of the country. She then led Amgrad into a 
paciùus 
hall, where they found a table spread with all sorts of dainties, a 
Bide-board covered with choice fruit, and a cistern full of bottles of 
choice wine. The sight of such a provision, gave the prince a high 
opinion of the öwner's quality, and of his own danger in thus 
daring to intrude upon him. 
The lady Bat down to the taLle, and ate and drank heartily, 
obliging Amgrad to bear her company. The prince was astonished 
tho.t in a house so rich and plentifully furnished, there should be 
no servant. He beJ!;an to hope that he might finish the intrigue 
before they or their master should arrive; when, on a sudden, he 
Baw a man thrust his head in at the door, and beckon to him. The 
lady sat with her back to the door and did not see him; but 
Amgrad, more dead than alive, got up, and making a slight ex, 
cuse, went out. 
The house belonged to Bahader, master of the horse to the king 
of :Magicians. He had a residence elsewhere; and only kept this 
for the occasional reception of certain friends, whom he used to 
meet here in disguise. 
Bahader was alone when he came to his house
 and found it 
broke open. On entering the han, he saw a young gentleman and 
lady eating refreshments he had provided for his friends. lIe was 
a person of great good nature, and supposing something extraorùi- 
nary had occasioned the intrusion, he determined to beck('n out the 
gentleman, and come to an explanation with him alone, rather than 
question him hefore the lady. 
The prince, when he came out to Bahader, was covered with con- 
fusion. He ingenuously told the master of the horse the whole 
truth, revealing at the SHllle time his quality. TIahader, wi
h much 
good humor, told him he would not interrupt his frolic. "I will 
Bend," said he, "and forbid my friends coming to-day; and as you 



ENTEI:T AIi': :\IE
TS. 


19
 


have no 8lavc: I "ill take that office upon mc; I desire you will 
behave to me as if 1 was really 80, that, yon Hlay not suffer in tho 
opinion of your mistress." _\mgrad paid hi8 ackl10wledgmcnts to 
Bahader, and returned to the lady in much higher spirits thau 
when he left hpr. 
Shortly after, the master of the horse, having put on the habit of 
a ßlave. entered the hall 'with humility suitable to tho cbarn,cter he 
had assumed. On his appearance, the lady rate([ him in the harsh- 
est terms, for not being in the way when his master returned. Sot 
content with thi8 she seized a stick, and Legan to beat him with 
great severity. .Amgrad presently rescued him, and, when she 
could beat him no longer, shc sat down, threatening and cursing 
him. 
rrhey continued together in the hall, eating fruit and drinking 
wine, till evening; anù, as often as the sl1lJPo
eù slave appeareù, 
the lady ll1uttC'red against him harsh threats and the most reproach- 
ful names. "Then it grew late: Bahader fell asleep in the adjoin- 
ing chamber. The lady, hearing him snore, seized .Amgrad's 
seimetar, and besought him to let her put his slave to death. The 
prince endea,yorcd in vain to pacify her. lIer rage increasing; as 
they disputed, she drew the scillletar; r..lld vowed she would dis- 
patch him, even without his master's consent. "It is enough, 
madam," said Amgrad," the slave shall die; sinco you desire it; 
but give me the scimetar; I should be Borry he should fall by any 
hand but my own." She restored him the sciHH'tar, which he lifted 
up, and at One blow cut off her head, which fell upon Bahadcr and 
awakened him. 
rIhe master of the horse was amnzed to see Amgrad with a sabre 
all bloody, and the body of the lady heaùless on the ground. The 
prince told him what had passed; and added, " I had no way of 
preserving your life, lJllt llY putting an end to hers." Bahader was 
much shocked and alarmed. lIe knew tha.t as private assassinations 
were sometimes committed in the city, the police were very watch- 
ful in detecting, and the king yery rigorous in pUJ1ishing them. 
Y ct how great soe,'er the danger, he could not blame the prince 
who had presen'ed him. He put the body in a. sarl\:, and, taking 
leaye of Ämgraù, said, ,; Yon, sir, who are a stranger, can npithpr 
judge of the neee
ity of removing the body, no.r are you suffi- 

'iently acqua1nted with the city to carry it to the sea, where it must 
ll(' thrown: but, n.
 Y\)lJ put the Imly to death to save my life, it is 
9 



194 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


proper I 
hould take t.he ri
k that may attend that action 0 u my. 
f1e If." 
Bahader set out accordingly, with the sack oyer his 
honldcr. 
He had not got f..'1r when he was met by one of the magil:;trates, whose 
officers stopped and searched him. He was immediately takcn iuto 
custody, and the next morning, in compliment to his situation as oue 
of the royal domestics, was brought before the king. But all de- 
fence was in vain, when the dead body was produced. The king 
was so enraged, that he ordered execution to take place immedi- 
ately; and a crier was sent through the city to give public notice 
of his crime and punishment. 
,Luckily the crier 
topped under the window of the house where 
Prince Amgrad WI1S. As soon as he heard the pro clamatioll, he 
took his resolution. He in.quired his way to the royal palace, and 
requested an audience of the king, as the son of a neighboring 
prince. Being introduced, he related all that had befallen him, and 
fully exculpated the master of the horse. The king was highly 
pleased with the hehavior of Amgrad; he readily pardoned Baha- 
del'; and, 80011 after, finding the prince a young man of great 
abilities, he appointed him to the important office of grand vizier, 
which happened to be vacant. 
ASRad, in the meantime, continued in the dungeon. The solemn 
festival of the adorerR of fire approached. and a ship was fitted out 
for the fiery mountain, as mmal, under command of one Behram, 
an able 
ailor, but a rigid zealot to that religion. 
From t.he time Prince Amgrad was appointed grand vizier, he 
was indefatigable in searching after his beloved brother; and 
when he heard the ship 'was about to sail for the fiery mountain, 
as he had reason to f('ar that ASRad had fallen into the hands of 
the worshippers of fire, he resolved to Reareh that ship with the 
utmost striehwRS. lIe øelayed the examination till the slJip had 
hegun to sail, when going on boa.rd with proper assistanco, he 
obliged the captain to rpturn into the harbor. lIe then superjn- 
tended the search himself, and examined every part of the ship 
with the mo
t scrupulous attention; but in vain, for Behram had 
conveyeù the prince on board in a chest half full of merchandise, 
]c3ving ollly room for him to hreathe, and had stowed it in at the 
bottom of the hold. I 
Amgl'ad, thus disappoint('d, permitted the ship to procm'd. Soon 
after they had sailed, a violent storm drove them out of their 



EX I'ERT.\IXJIEXTS. 


195 


course, aud when it aLated, they had the lUortification to find them. 
8eh'os at tho cutrance of the port and capital of Queen _'largiana, 
a devout 
Iohamll1edan, and so zea.lous aga,in::;t the wor
hippers of 
fire, that she had ba.uished them her dOllliuiour:;, and forbade their 
ships to touch at any of her ports uncler the seycrest l'enalty. 
In this bituatiou, exposed to certain destruction if they coutinued 
out at sea, and with scarce auy hope of escape if they ventured to 
land, the captain applied to his uufortunate pril:5oncr; he took ofl" 
his chains, and exacted a solemn oath, that he sho uld act as he was 
dire
ed, and on no account declare his own situation. Assad} 
having conformed to this request, was clothed in a very neat dress, 
as he was to pass for a superior slave; after which Behram boldly 
steered his vessel into the port, and anchored close to the gardens 
of the palace. 
As the storm had not yet entirely subsided, and the ship lay at 
the farthest extent of the port, it was some hours before the 
captain was summoned to attend the queen, and give an account 
of his vessel. Behram only wished to gain time, that the weather 
might become fine again; he delayed, therefore, leaving his ship 
as long as pos
ible, and at length set forward slowly, taking Assad 
with him. 
Behram hoped tha.t l\Iargiana, seeing a l\Iussulman with him 
would not inquire very particularly about the rest of the crew 
If she did, he intended to present Assad to her as a slave, which 
he doubted not would be acceptable to her, and that, in return, she 
would allow them to remain in port. Rut as the weather, during 
his delay, had become more moderate, before he was admitted to 
the queen's presence, he altered his intention of parting with 
Assad, whom be again hoped to keep for the saOl.ifice. 
The queen was greatly taken with the supposed slave. After a 
few questions to the captain, she turned to the princc, and asked 
him his name. The unfortunate youth, restraincd by his oath from 
declaring his situation, with tears in his eyes desired the queen 
would tell him if she wished to know his former or his present 
name. "Have you two names 1" replied the queen. ,. I have, 
madam," replied he; "my former namc was Assad (most happy) ; 
my present one is 
Iorear (devoted to be sacrifioed). 
Tbough :\Iargiana did not find out from these expressions the 
true situation that the pl'Ïnce was in, yet she understood that ho 
was 'mhappy. Something.in his air and manner seemed to distin 



190 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


p;uisb him; her partiality was confirmed, and her pity awakened 
by his anbwer. She said, therefore, to the captain, "Either sell 
me this slave, or give him to me. Perhaps it will turn most to 
Jour account to do the L:ttter." 
llehram bluntly auswered he would neither sell nor give him; 
on which the queen replied, in anger, " Then I will seize hun; and 
do you leave my port directly, or I will coufiscate your vessel." 
Saying this, she led the prince into the palace. Behram withdrew 
greatly mortified, and prepared to put to sea immediately. 
The queen couùucted Assad into her apartment, and desir
d he 
would tell her who he was, and by what means he came into the 
power of the captain. Assad concealed nothing from her. "\Vhen 
the queen heard that he was of royal birth, she was no longer un- 
willing to indulge a passion she had before begun to feel for him 
of the most tender kinù, and her indignation against the adorers of 
fire increased in proportion. 
As evening drew on, she ordered supper to be served early; 
sayiug, with a smile, '" "\Ve must endeavor, prince, to make you 
some amends for the bad meals you have had since you fell into 
the hands of these barbarians':' An elegant repast was served, 
and the queen ordered Assad to be supplied liberally with wine to 
rai:;e his spirits. But this kindness was attended with mis- 
chievous consequences. rrhe prince, after supper, finding he had 
drank too much wine, withdrew into the garden, and coming to Do 
fount
in, he washed his hands and face to refresh himself, after 
which he sat.down, and the liquor overpowering him, he fell asleep. 
:l\Ieanwhile nchram, dreading the consl'quence of Assad explain- 
ing his former situation to the queen, hastened on board, and pre- 
pared to sail. But they were short of water, and as he did not 
dare to apply to the city for relief, he resolved on a bolù. measure. 
The ship lay close to the royal gardens; it was now night; he 
ordered his men to roll the easks to the fountain that was in the 
middle of them, aud trusted tha.t as it was dark, he might fill them 
uno bserved. 
"\Vhile some of the sailors were thus employed, others ramlJled 
to the other side of the fountain, where they discovered Assad 
asleep. They knew him immediately; they seized and cOll\Teyed 
him, 8till asleep, on board the ship. The captain, overjoyed that 
he ha
 80 unexpectedly recovered his captive, SOO1.1 completod his 
watermg, and set sail for the fiery mountain. 



EXTERT.ADDIEXTS. 


197 


While this passed on board the ship, the queen began to he much 
alarmed that Assad did not return. Shc seut t:;cveral of her sla.vcs 
into the garden in search of him; and 011 their returning without 
success, she ordered a party of her guards to attend her with 
lighted torche8 for the same purpose. -\Yhen they came to the 
fountain, they found a slipper, which the queen remembered to 
have seen worn by Assad; the sailors had left sufficiel1t niarks to 
trace them to the shore where they had taken in their water; and 
Behram's vessel having put to sea, left :\largiana no doubt of the 
prince's mil:lfortune. 
There lay at that time in the port ready for sailing ten of tho 
queen's men-of-war. 'Yithout waitiug for daylight, 1\Iargiana went 
on board one of these ships, and ordered the commander to put to 
sea with the whole fleet, and pursue the merchantman; promising 
to give the ship and cargo as plunder to any captain who should 
be so fortunate as to overtake her. 
They came in sight of the prize l1ext morning, and spread them- 
selves so wide, that Behman soon saw it was impossible to escape. 
In this situation, the captain durst not Le found with Assad on 
board; nor would he vënture to kill him, lest some accidental cir- 
cumstance should betray the outrage. II e commanded. him, there- 
fore, to be brought up out of the hold, aud thru&t him oyer board. 
Assad was an expert swimmer, and as they were fortunately at 
no great distance from -the shore. he made shift to reach it. Hav- 
ing returned thanks to Heaven for his escapp, and refrc::ihed himself 
with such herbs and fruits as he could find, he travelled dlong the 
coa
t, without knowing 'where it would lead him. On the evening 
of the eleventh day, he discovered the city of Magician
, which be 
immediately knew. He set fonvard toward it with great spirit, 
and having gained vdsdom by his misfortunes, he resolved to speak 
to no one but l\Ius8ulmans; but before he could reach the city the 
gates were shut, and he was obliged to take shelter for that night 
in one of the tombs ill an adjoining cemetery. 
Behram, when he had thrown the prince overboard, as he plainly 
saw it was i:npossiLle to escape from :Thlargialla's f
eet, did not at- 
tempt it. He lay to, till the ship in which the queen was camo 
up with him, when he lowered his sails as a token of L.is yielding. 
The queen herself came on boa.rd, and demanded where the slave 
was whom he had the boldness to take away from her, out of her 

ery palace. Behraln vowed the slave was not Ï1:1 his ship, which 



198 


AHABIAN NIGB'
S' 


he desired wight be searched, and appealed to the issue of that 
search to testify his innocence. 
The most exact survey was made. Every box, every package, 
was opened to no purpose. The queen hesitated. As it ,vas pos- 
sible .As8ad might have e8caped, she would not put Behram uud 
his companions to death; yet she was 80 much enraged that she 
ordered them to be put on shore, aud delivered up the ship and 
cargo to the commander, as 
he had promised. 
Behram and his seamen knew the country where they were 
landed, and set off immediately for the city of IHagiciau8; where 
they arrived the same night that Ass'ad did; and for the same 
reason were oLliged to take shelter among the tombs. III the 
morning, the prince was seized by them; and as soon as the gate:;! 
were open, they conyeyed him ill the midst of them to the house 
of his former persecutor. 
lIe was received with shouts of joy, interrupted by reproaches 
and curses, and conducted to his former dungeon. While he ,yas 
lamenting the sen
rity of his fortunè, which had again 80 strangely 
betrayed him into the hal1ds of his cruel tormentors, Bostava enter- 
ed with a c.udgel, a loaf, and a pitcher. 
A
sad, overcome with so many calamities, felt his heart sink 
within him at the sight of one he had 80 much reason to dread; 
Imt he was agreealJly surpl'il:5ed to find his terrors groulldless. 
Bostava, instead of treating him with Reverity, loosened his chaimJ 
and set before him some choice l'royi
ions and pleasant sherbet. 
"\\"'hen he had refreshed himself, she assured him that he was en- 
tirely safe from those indignities he dreaded. "Since you were 
here," she said, " a slave. .who is a .l\Iu8:snlman, has converted me 
to the true religion. This is an entire secret iu the family. As 
soon as I ha.d heard you wer
 brought again a prisoner, I peti- 
tioned to have the sole ca.re of you, and as that request was sup- 
po
ed to arise from my devotion to the fire, it was readily gralltf'd. 
By this means it is in my power to secure you from every evil ex- 
cept COnfillf'll1ellt, and I will diligently watch for an opportunity 
to set you at liberty." 
The }Irince was tra.n
ported at this fortunate event, lIe relatcd 
to T
ost;.LYa who h(; '''las, and said e,"erything he could imaginp, to 
strpngthcll her hdief in the l\lohammeda.n religion. A few daYM 
afterward, as she was standiuO' at her fa.ther's d90r she l'iaw the 
o , 
gra.lld vizier at the head of a procc')sion, and heard a crier pro 





TERTAIXMEXT8. 


199 


claim a great reward to any onA who would give information of 
thë prince Assad. As no one was in the \Y i1Y at that time who 
could control her, she hastened to the dungeon, and saying to 
the prince, " Fùllow me quickly!" she conducted him to the door, 
and I:Ihowed him the procession where he would find his brother. 
Assad fled from a house in which he had suffered so much, a
d 
presented him
elf to Amgl'ad, who instantly knew him. Their 
meeting was inexpressibly tender. After the turbulence of their 
joy had a little subsided, Al1lgrad conducted hiH brother to the 
palace, and presented him to the kiug, who immediately appointed 
him one of his yiziers. The treatment Assad had received from 
the worl5hippers of fire, was of course related to the sovereign, 
who in a rage ordered their houses to be razed to the ground. 
The old man, his daughter Cavama, and Behram, were taken and 
I ordered to be put to death; but BORt:."lya entreated Prince Assad 
to intercede for them; and they were pardoned on condition of 
their becoming ,Mohammedans, to which they agreed. . 
Some time after the8e thiugs, the princes determined to return 
to their father's court, not doubting but he was by this time COll- 
vinced of their innocence. They resigned their officel5 to the king 
of th..e :Magicians, and tballked him for his protection. They 
were actually taking leave of their royal benefactor, when a tu- 
mult was heard, and an officer came in, hastily, with a notice that 
a numerous army was advancing against the city. 
The king being exceedingly ala.rmed, Amgrad proposed that he 
should set out to meet the illvaders with a bmaU retinue, and in- 
quire the cause of this hostile appearance. 'fhis counsel being 
ttpprovcd, Amgrad set out accordingly, and on his arrival was 

onducted to a princeRs who commanded the army. In answer to 
the prillce:s inquiries, she told him that she had no quarrel with 
the king of the Mttgicians. "I cOllie," said sbe,'
 to require, in 
good friendship, a slave named Assad, to l)e given up to me, and 
to demand punishment of one Behram) a captain of a ship who in- 
ßolelltly carried him away in defiance of me. I hope your king 
will do me justice when he knows that] am l\Iargialla." 
" 
1ighty queen," replied Amgrad, "the slave to whom you do 
so much honor, is my brother; if Jour majef'ty will permit me to 
conduct you to my master'R palace, I will presrnt him to JOu." 
l\1argiana was rejoiced at this account. She ord{'red her army to 
encamp where the)" were, and set out immeùiately fur the palaco.' 



. 


200 


ARABIAN 1It'1GII'l'S' 


The king received her as l)ecame her dignity, and Assad raid hiø 
duty to her in a manner which hIghly delighted her. 
,\Yhile they werc thus engaged; news came that another army 
still more numerous drew near. This was led by Gaiour, king of 
China. "I cOllle/' said he to Amgrad, '" in search of my daughter 
Baduura, whom I gave in marriage ruany years ago to Camaral- - 
zaman, son of Schaznman; king of Khaledan. I bave heard noth- 
ing of them for a long time. I therefore have left my killgdóm, 
thus attended, to find them out." 
Amgrad kissed the king's hand, and informed him that be was 
his grandson. Giaour, greatly rejoiced at this unexpected meeting, 
ordered his troops to pitch their teuts, and went with Amgrad to 
the palace. 
A great dust was now seen to rise opposite another quarter of 
the town. The princes immediately rode thither, and found it 
was Camaralzaman, their father, at the bead of a third army. He 
llad been so. afflicted for the loss of his sons, that at last the emir 
Giendar ventured to tell him that he had spared their lives, and 
that they had set forward for the city of the r,lagicians. 
Camaralzaman embraced his children with the most animated 
affection; their filia.l duty made them at on.ce forget their former 
ill-treatment, and return his caresses with unfeigned ]ove, 
 
A fourth army appruacheù the city. 'lhe.yenerable Schahza- 
man came thus attended, in f'earch of Camaralzaman; the latt,er 
prince was overcome with shame and grief on hearilJg this ac- 
count: he reproached himself with his long neglect of the good 
old king, who yet retained so lUuch affection for him as to disre- 
gard the fatigue and perils of a long and uncertain juurney to find 
him out. The king of Khaledan readily f()rgave him, and aft
r a 
few days repose at the city of the :Magicians (during which time 
Assad espoused the queen l\largiana), the princes 6et out for their 
ref;pectiye territories, and Amgrad, at the request of the king of 
the Magicians, who was very old, ascended the throne of that em- 
pire, which he filled with great ability, distillgui8l:il1g 11Ìlll
elf 
particularly 1y his zeal in exterminating the "orship of fire, and 
cstablishing the 
Iohannllcdan religiun throughout his dominiolls. 


THE STORY OF NOUREDDIN AND THE I<'AIR PERSIAN. 
Zinchi, the king of Balsora held that crown as trilmtarv to the 
, . 
caliphs of AraLia. The vassalage was so cOll1!Jletc, tba:t the latter 



E
TERTAnDIE
TS. 


201 


considered the sovereigns of BalsorR as accountable to them for 
every minute regulation ill their government; they were frequently. 
reprimandeù, and sometimes dethroned, when their conduct did 
not please the commander of the faithful. 
'l'he appearance of regal dignity wa" kept up, notwithst.anding 
the power was so limited; and Zinchi being of an indolent dispo- 
8ition, divided the office of grand ,-izier between his two favorites, 
Khacan anù Saouy, both men good of abilities. but of very opposite 
characters. Khacan was open ,gcnerous, affable. fond of obliging, 
and, as a magistrate, strictly impartial; ho was unÏ\-ersally re- 
Eipected and beloved. Saouy was the reverse of his colleague; 
Bullen, morose, haughty, insatiably covetous, though immensely 
rich, venal, and tyrannical; he was, of course, generally detestcd; 
anù if anything could add to the popular averöion, it was b is de- 
clared enmity to Khacan, thè favorite of the people. 
Such were the mir.1Ïsters of the indolent Zinchi, "ho, relying on 
their talents, left to them the care of his government, and resigned 
himself to the gratification of his appetites. 
One day the king was discoursing with his viziers and great men 
about women. Some were of opinion that if a woman had great 
beauty and accomplishments, it was as much as R man need de- 
sire. Saouy was an advocate for this doctrine; but Khacan sup- 
ported very contrary ideas, and de8Cribed so feelingly that love 
which is founded on esteem, that the king declared himself of his 
opinion; and as Khacan, in the course of his argument, had sup- 
posed a woman might unite the more valuable qualities of the 
heart with personal beauty and exterior graces, the king ordered 
ten thousand pieces of gold to b'3 to paid him, and directed hÏ1n 
to use all diligence in purchasing such a woman as he had 
described. 
"\Yhen the viziers withdrew from the royal presence, they were 
both dissatisfied. Saouy was tormented at the distinction 'with 
which the king had honored his rival. Khacan was exceedingly 
grieved at receÏ\ ing a commission which he apprehended would 
involve him in many difficulties. lIe immediately ord
rBd all those 
pcn>ons who dealt ill blaves to give him notice when anyone of 
fsuperior beauty alld merit fell in their way. For a long time 
his inquiries were in vain; at last a Persian merchant produced 
a slave whose beauty and accomplishments were in the highest 
perfectiun. 


9 i1i 



202 


AUAßIAN 1\IG liT.:;' 


The vizier paid the price demanded for her by the merchant) 
thoucrh it exceeded the sum deposited in hi::> hands by the king. 
. 0 
",Yhen he was about to conduct her to the palace, the merchant 
a<.lviôcd him to take her home, and let her repose for a few days 
after her long journey, uefOl'c he introduced her to hi
 sovereigu; 
a8l:;uring him that both her Leauty and sprightly turn would ap- 
pear to greater advantage when she had recovered from LeI' 
fatigue. Khacall approved of this advice, and accordingly placed 
LeI' in the care of hi
 wife
 aud, at the same time, acquainted the 
lovely Selima (which wa::) her name) with the honor that awaited 
her. 
The vizie
' had an only son, named N oureddin, a forward youth of 
good .lJarts and handsome person, of whom Lis mother was so fond, 
that she still continued to allow him the liLerty of the women's a!Jàrt- 
mellts, though the time of shutting him out was several years past. 
l' oureddin no sooner saw the Leautiful Selima, than he became a 
captive to her charms. Though he 
new his father had pur- 
chased her for the king, yet he resolved to run all hazards rather 
than not secure her to himself; nor did the fair Persian see Nou- 
reddin with indifference. 'fhateyer honor or sp]euclor she lllight 
hope from being the king't:I mistress, she would gladly 1m, e re- 
llOullced them to pass her life with the SOll of the vizier. 
Selima, haYing repo.sed for several daJ's, the minister directed a 
costly bath to be prepared for her, intending to present her next 
day to his master. As these baths were seldom prepared, the 
vizier's lady ordered her slaves to get bathing clothes ready for 
her, intending to enjoy the bath herself when Selima had left it. 
All these particulars N ollreddill learned from a slave whom he had 
corrupted. Reduc-ed to despair, he resol ved to attempt an adven- 
ture the most audacious that could be imagined. lIe concealed 
himself in the women's apartments, till Selima returned to her 
chamùer, and his mother went to the bath. lIe then visited tbe 
fair Persian; and having dismi!sed her attendants, boldly told 
her that his father had altered his iutention, and instead of pre- 
senting her to the king had gÏYen her to him. The lovely slave 
wi:shed this to be true, and was not therefore disposed to doubt it. 
Khacan Wu.s equally enraged and distressed, when he heard of 
the violation his son had committed. Besides being disappointed 
in presenting so beautiful a slave to his master, he was terrified 
lest his enemy Saouy, should come to a knowledge of an affair. 



EN fl.
nTAlXl\IE.xT5. 


203 


by which he might eff
)Ct his destruction. lIe ordered the mer- 
chants to renew their search, declaring that tho fair Perl..;Ïan by 
no means answered hi8 expedation; he frC(iuelltly cumplained to 
the killg of the many difliculties he found in executing his com. 
mission; in short, he managed the business with ISU much addrelSs, 
that Zinchi insensibly forgot it; and though Saouy got some im- 
perfect information of the transaction, yet Khacan walS so much in 
the king's favor, that he was afraid to speak of it. 
It was a long time before the vizier would suffer his son to ap- 
pear in his presence; but time, which subdues all things, at length 
softened his anger; and as the virtues of Selima. engaged his 
esteem, he resolved to give her to N oureddin, if he would promise 
not to look upon her as a slave, but as a wife. He stipulated al
o 
with the young man that he would never ùe divorced from her, 
much less sell her. 'Yith these conditions .N oureddin joyfully 
complied; and the peace of the vizier's household was restored. 
Very soon after these events, Khacan was seized with a danger- 
ous illness, which soon pnt an end to his life. "\Vhen he w
s on his 
death-Lcd, he renewed his injunctions to his son, never to part with 
the fair Persian, N oureddin did not hesitate to avow the mOEt 
dutiful obedience. 
For a time N oureddin lamented his father sincerely; but the 
gayety of youth soon recurred; and when he found himself pos- 
sessed of immense riches, he resolved to make himself amends 
for the restraint he had been under, by gratifying every wish of 
his heart. .He gave the most magnificent and luxurious entertain- 
ments, and drew a.bout him a society of gHY companions, amQng 
whom he dissipated his fortune with an incredible profusion. 
These parasites perpetually surrounded him. In vain the fair 
Selima (whom he continued to love with undiminished ardor) gen- 
tly remonstrated with him on his too abundant generol:iity; in vain 
his careful steward hinted to him, tha.t such excess would soon 
empty a royal treasury. lIe continued his extravagant mode of 
living, and lavished awa.y large sums in pre8ents to his companions. 
X othing contributed so much to the ruin of N oureddill's for- 
tunc as his unvìillinglless to look into his accounts. 'Vhellever 
his steward came to la,y before him a state of his dislmrsements, 
he always put him asiùe with a jest, or drove him away with 
finger. 
One l1loruillg, while he was surroulldlJd by the tribe of greedy 


It 


,. 



204 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


8ycophants 'who generally beset him, his steward prescnted himselt 
before him, and requested permission to speak with him alone. 
The air and manner of the steward when he made this request, 
indicated something unusual and disagreeable. N oureddin with- 
drew with him; and one of the company, more curious than the rest, 
followed them out, and so placed himself that he could hear all 
tbat passed between them unobserved. 
The steward began with lamenting that he had 80 often in vain 
remonstrated with him. N oureddill endeavored to silence him, 
but he would be heard. " The time is now come," said he, " that 
you must listen to me. Of all that IllaSS of wealth that came 
into your possession a year ago, the few pieces in my hand are the 
whole remainder; your entertainmcnts thcrefore must be at an end, 
or you must provide me with a fresh supply." Noureddin, who 
had been overwhelmcd by the first part ùf this conyersation, be- 
gan to revive at the latter hint. " You 8113011 not long want that 
supply," said he, 'C I have many friends at this time in my house, 
who will rejoice to satisfy my oc.casions." 
The listener, having heard thus much, withdrew; and returning 
to his companions, repeated what had passed. He had scarce 
made an end of his account, when N oureddin entered the room 
a180. 
Noureddin appeared with an affected air of pleasantry which 
ill concealed the anguish of his mind. lIe was considering wheth- 
er it would be better to declare his necessities to his friends now 
they were together, or apply to them separately; when one, whom 
he had ever most distinguished
 rùse up, and making a slight 
apology, withdrew. 
N oureddin, without well knowing why, was much afiected at 
this, The person who went away was his favorite companion, had 
been enriched by his bounty, and was always one of the last vl'ho 
left him. While his mind teemed with these uneasy refle
tions, an- 
other, the most servile and cringing of the set, in a pert and care- 
less manner, bade him good morning. 'l'he others Boon followed; 
aud in a very short time he was left by himself. 
The young man passed the rest of the day in melancholy reflec- 
tions on his imprudence. He determined at length to borrow 11. 
certain sum from each of his companions, with which he would go 
to some other city, and commence merchant. As there was not 
oue fllllong them ''rho had not received tenfold more from his bounty 



E
TERT'\ 1
)IE
TS. 


205 


than he meant to ask, he would not suffer the iùea, of a refusal to 
disturb him. IIa, ing tllU:S settled a pl:.tll for his future conduct, 
his mind Lecame more calm, and he withdrew to 
elima'8 apart- 
ment, to whom he rehtted his situation aud iutention. 
The day following, he set out to visit his dear and devoted 
friends; but was ISO ullfortuuate as not to find any of them at home. 
One, indeed, convinced him he was not ahroad; for he heard him 
direct his sla.ve to say he was not at hOlue, addillg, " wbenever that t 
extravagant fellow comes here, give him the !:;filue answer." 
Noureddin was equally enraged and ashamed. lIe was giving 
way to despair, when the fair Persian advised him to di8Illiss his 
household, sell his slaves aud furlliture
 aud try if he could 110t 
raibc money enough from them to carry his plan into execution. 
!\" ouredùin emlJraced this pruùent council; but even in this com- 
mendable scheme he was disappointed. Being oLliged to sell, his 
goods did not fetch him half their value; and a fit of sicklle:-;s] the 

olJseq uence of his vexation and former irregularities, held him so 
long, that, on his recovery, he found the whole produce of the sale 
was expended. 
In this extremity of distress, he once more had recourRe to the 
advice of his beloved Selima, who, seeing no other means of relief 
within his reach, reminded him how much money his father had 
pa.id for hOl.- "I am your sla.ve," said she; "you have a right to 
dispose of me; and how much soever I shall suffer from such an 
event, I advise you to sell me; and I heartily wish you may not 
lose much of the Bum your father gave for me." 
N oureddin could not hear this advice without feeling the keenest 
anguish. Not only his love for the fair Persian revolted at such 
an idea, but the remembrance of his promise to his f,tther never to 
part with her, rose in his mind, and made him think of such a 
measure ,,\,.th additional regret. But invincible necessity must Le 
submitted to. lIe led her, with inexpressible reluctance, to the 
market where women slaves are exposed for sale, and applied to a 
crier
 named IIagi Hassan, to sell her. 
The crier immediately knew the fair Persian was the same slave 
that Khacan had IJought at so very high a price. lIe ,\.ent directly 
among the- merchants, where he exclaimed, with great gayety, 
U !\Iy masters, eyerythillg that is round is not a nut; everything 
that is long is not a fig; aU that is red is not flesh; and all e
gs 
are not frf'8h. Y ot.! have aeen and bough
, no doubt, many slayeli 



206 


AUABIAN 
I(HITS' 


in Jour time: but you neyer saw one comparable to her I have now 
to sell, Follow we, and Ree her; amI then name the vrice I ought 
t,o cry her at." 
The merchants were surprised wlwll they saw her, and all agreed 
that Hagi Hassan ought not to begin with a less sum than four 
thousand pieces of gold. lIe began to cry her accordingly at that 
price; when the vií:.ier Saouy chanced to eute::' the 1llarke
, and 
hearing so large a SUIll asked for a female slave. demanded to see 
her 
It was a privilege the merchants of Balsora enjoyed, that no 
person should see a slave till they had offered the most they chose 
to give. After which any person lllight see her; and if the stranger 
offered more money than the highe:tìt bidder among the merchants, 
he was declared the purchaser. 
TIut Saouy regarded no man's privilege. lIe d
mallded to see thp 
fair sla\Te iuunediately; and finùing her more beautiful than he had 
imagined, he looked sternly on the merchants, and said," I will 
give the SUIn you ask for this slase!" Noone durst Lid more than 
the overbearing vizier. The merchants were obliged to suhmit to 
this arrogant interference; and causing the fair Persian to be locked 
up, waited at the door, anù directed IIagi Hassan to go immediately 
and find the seller. 
N oureddin had retired out of the market to indulgo his Borrow 
unobserved, but had told the crier wherp. he might be found. lIngi 
Hassan went to him, and related to him all that had passed. If 
anything could have aggravated N oureddin's afilictioIl, it was that 
Sa.ouy should become possessed of the fail' Persian. The sting of 
this circumstance made him quite inattentive to the low price for 
which she was to be sold. "I swear to you," replied he, " I would 
sooner die than part with my sh",'e for ten times the Bum, to that 
eurmy of Ollr family; help me, I euh'eat yon, gooù lIagi, to tho 
means of escaping this 1<1.l:5t of misfortunes." 
" You must conduct yourself in this manner/' replied the crier, 
" or the vizier will insist upon his bargain. \Vhen I am about to 
prC'sent her to him, you must catch her by the arm before he 
touches her. You will then give her two or three Llows, anù tell 
her that although her bad temper made you swear that you would 
expose her to the indignity of being cried in the ma:rkpt, yet it is 
not your intent to Bell her. Pull her then again toward yon; auJ 
lead her away." 



K
TEUTAIX
lENl'S. 


207 


1\ oureùdin fullowed this aùvice. 'Yhen Saouy saw the son 0 r 
Khacan apl'roach: and foulld he was the OWllcr of the beautiful 

lave, he eujoyed to the utmost hii:5 lllaliciou
 triumph, and his dis- 
ap poiutmeut was iu pruportiun Vi hen he heard him refu:,c tu con- 
firm the coutract. He called him by the most l'eproachfulnames, 
and riding ui> tù the fair Per
iall he attempted to i:5eize her. 1\ uu- 
reddin wanted not this provo(
ation to exasperate him against the 
vizier. lIe pulled him otf his hon;e, rolled him in the keuuel, aud 
pummelled his head against the stones, till he had almoi:5t killcù 
him. After which he conducted the Ü"ir Persiau hOllle again. 
Saouy also retired, amid
t the shouts and execratiuus of the 
people; who had prevellted hi::; attend,tuts fl'om assisting him. lIe pre- 
f:)ented hilli::;elf immediately before the king, all bloody and dirt.y as 
he was, aud besought jU::5tice. On beill
 ordered to say on what 
account, he reminded the king of tflC commii:5sion he had formerly 
given to Khacan. "I saw by acciùent to-day," continued he, "a 
most beautiful slave, which the profligate .K oureùùin was about to 
f:)ell. I had no duubt but she was the slaye Khacan had bought for 
your majesty; and would have reclaimed her for you; it was for 
this -attempt that 1\ oureddin has treated me thus cruelly." 
The king became gl"eatly enraged ou this account. IIe ordered 
his officers to l5eize N oureddill and his slave, and to level his "house 
with the gruund. One of the royal attenùants who heard the 
king's order, had been i.l11pointed to his office by the vizier Khacan. 
:Full of gratitude to the memory of his benefactor he ran to N ou- 
reddin:s house, and putting a purse of gold in his hand, told him 
briefly what had happened, and char
ed him to fly. with Bpeed: as, 
if he was tu.ken, the king was too mu eh enraged to hear LillI, and 
would ccrtainly put him to death. 
K oureddin and Selima hastened to\""ard the river, where they 
found a "cssel on the point of sailing; they embarked without iu- 
quiring whither she was bound, and after a short and pleai:5ant 
voyage arrived safely at Bagdad. 
'Vhen they landed it was evening, and having no baggage to 
take c:tre of, they rambled a con.siderahle time about the gardens 
that bordered un the rrigris. 1'hey came at length to a porch on 
each side of which stood a neat sofa; and as they were tired with 
their walk
 they sat down on these sofas, and after talking together 
for some time, they insensibly fell asleep. 
The pÚT(jh was the entrance to a garden belonging to the caliph, 



208 


AIL\ßL-\.
 NIGHTS 


in which was a. beautiful pavilion of picturcs. The charge of this 
garden and pavilion was. cOlllmitted to an ancient officer, called 
Scheik Ibrahim, with positive orders to admit no person into it, 
nor even to sit on the sofas that stood in the porch. 
Scheik Ibrahim was absent in the city on business. On his re- 
turn, when he found two people sleeping on the sofas, be was 80 
enraged that he was going to chastise them; but seeing by the 
little dttylight that remained, they were both han
some, and ap- 
pea,rcd above the rank of the vulgar, he resolved to awaken them, 
. and hcar thcir apology. The scheik had much good nature, and 
more vanity. :Finding from N oureddin's excuse that they were 
strangers of condition, and they taking him for the owner of the 
gardcn, he resolved to humor the mistake; he asked them to walk 
in, and repose themselves in a. place more suitu,ble. 
They accepted his invitation, and he conducted them into the 
garden, and showed them the pavilion; the hall of which was 
adorned with fourscore windows, and in every window was a. 
branched candlestick, containing a considerable number of wax- 
lights; the pavili.on was in every other respect truly magnificent. 
Scheik Ibrahim was exceedingly taken with his guests; they 
soon became familiar with each other, and finding how much they 
were delighted with the hall, he determined they should sup there. 
" I came here," said he, " to pass the evening alone, and, therefore, 
have no slave to attend you; but if you will give me leave to wait 
on you, I will supply all your wants." 
,Vhen they h
d supped, N oureddin dropped a hint that some 
wine would Hot be unacceptable; at which Ibl.ahim started, and 
said, " Heaven defend me from keeping wine in my house, or going 
to a place where it is sold! such a man as I am, who have been 
four times on n. pilgrimage to :Mecca, must bave renounced wine 
forever." 
" :Notwithstanding this/' replied N oureddin, " I willnût be de- 
prived of my wine; be so condescending as to go to the door of a 
wiue-hüuse, and send in a porter for some, which he may bring 
here; aud that you may baye the less scruple, it shall not be 
bought with your money." lIe then put a couple of pieces of gold 
into the scheik's hand, who, laughing in his turn, congratulated his 
guest ou his illyention; "without which," said he, " I should nevcr 
ha.ve found out a way of proyidiug you with wine, and prel5erving 
my conscience iuyiolate." 



ENTERT AIN'.:\lEXTS. 


209 


While Ibrahim was gone, it occurred to N oureddin that all this 
aversion to wine was but hypocrisy, and th
tt his host wouhl drink 
his cup as heartily as he could. To try this, he instructed Selima 
how to act; and when the wine came, he filled three cups, and 
offered one to Ibrahim. The old man started back, as if with 
horror, on which ]\ oureddin drank the cup, and the fair Persian 
presented the scheik with a slice of apple, which he received with 
great pleasure. 
As they conversed, N oureddin pretended to fall asleep. Selima 
seemed to think he was so, and presented a cup of ",lÏne to ihe old 
luan, she said, " Drink this cup to my health, aHd keep me cumpany 
while that drowsy sot sleep
." ILrahim fur a little time resisted; 
but overcome with her beauty, he complied. Soon after, he drank 
a second cup with very little opposition. He received a third from 
Selima without murmur: and the fourth, he helped himself to. 
:K oureddin seeing this, burst out a laughing, saying, " 1Ia! Ibrahim, 
you are caught; is this the way in which you abstain from wine 1" 
Ibrahim, warmed with what he had drank, and Im'iug wine, threw 
aside his reserve, joined in the lau
h, and sat down very cordially 
with his guests to finifoih the bottle. 
,\\Thile N oureddin and his host were conversing together; Selima, 
olJ!5erving the candles in the branches, and seeing the room looked 
gloomy, de
ired Ibrahim to liöht them. As he was in earnest llis- 
course with Noureddin, he said to her, jocularly, " Lady, you are 
much the Jmmgest; light a few of them yourself." Selima im- 
mediat('ly lit up every candle, at the same time opening the shut- 
ters of the W
ll(
OWS. 
,\Yhen tLe pavilion of pictures was thus illuminated, it made a 
very splendid appearance. As the caliph was retiring to bed, it 
cl1anced that he opened his casement, and seeing the illumination, 
be inquired of Giafar the cause of it, in a manner sufficiently ex- 
pre
8iYe of his displeasure. 'rhe vizier had a particular friendship 
for Scheik Ibrahim. To shield him from the anger of the caliph, 
Giafar inyented a tale that the scheik had applied to him for le3xe 
to celebrate a rcligioul5 ceremony in the pavilion, in company with 
the ministers of his mosque. The vizier, to secure his friend, saíd 
so much upon the sulJjf:ct that he excited the curiosity of the 
caliph; who, instead of going to rest, ordered the dil;guises to be 
brought, in which he and GiaJar us
d to go about the city, anò 
made him and Mesrour, with the other sla.ves about him, go with 
him to the pavilion. 



210 


AttABIAN l\"1GBTS' 


Giafar knew there was not a word of truth in what he had told 
bis master. He would willingly, therefore, have diverted the caliph 
from his purpose; but in vain; the prince would go; and the 
vizier, trembling for the consequences, was obliged to attend him. 
On their arrival, they foulld the door of the hall partly open; 
and the caliph approaching, was surprised to see a young man and 
woman of such extraordinary beauty. lIe was also much dis- 
pleased to see Ibrahim, whom he had. always considered as a grave, 
steady man, now drinking wille, and carousing to exc.ess. " Are 
these," said he to the vizier, "the ministers of the mosque you 
told me of 1" 
At this instant, Selima took up a lute, and began to tune it. The 
caliph was exceedingly fond of this instrument; he again drew 
near the door, when the fair Persian played on it 80 admirably as 
quite delighted him. Returning to the vizier, he said, " I will for- 
give you <ill, if you will contrive to introduce me to this company, 
without discovering who I am," 
There was in the gardens a fine canal which abounded with the 
choicest fish. The bold and needy fishermen of the town would 
often scale the walls, though strictly prohibited, to obtain some of 
them. It occurred to the vizier that possibly he might meet with 
one of these pilferers. Having hinted this to th
 caliph, he set out 
with :Mesrour, and fortunately found oue stripped to his shirt, and 
busily employed in disengaging some fish from the net which he 
had just drawn on shore. .At the sight of the caliph's attendants, 
away ran the fisherman, leaving the fistl, nets, and clothes behind 
him. Giafar seized the latter, and taking with him a few of the 
finest fish, he persuaded the caliph to assume the appearance of a 
fisherman, and present himself as such to Ibrahim and hia com- 
panions. 
The caliph agreed to the proposal; but lest he should be ex- 
posed to any insult in his own gardens, he sent away an attendant 
for his imperial )'obes. He then dressed himself as a fisherman, 
and entering the room where Ibrahim and his guests were, he 
offered to sell them his fish. The scheik was now drunk. lIe 
would have driven away the supposed fisherman; but Selima in- 
terposed, and expressed a desire to have the fish, if they could be 
dressed immediately. '
.My princess," replied the old man, "I 
have a kitchen below, where this fellow may dress them if he 
pleases." "I d('sire no better," replied the caliph, "and will ask 
nothing for them if you will let me join your company." 




'"TERTAIN)IENTS. 


211 


This being agreed to, the caliph, who took upon ::a imself the 
name of Kerim, withdrew, and ordered the slaves who attcnderl 
him to dress the fish; which being done, he served them up him- 
self, and sat down with the company. They all commended the 
fish; and N oureddin being no less drunk than his host, took out 
his purse of gold: and threw it at the supposed fisherman as a re- 
ward; nor was this all, for when Selima had Bung another Bong, 
with which Kerim expressed himself highly delighted, NQureddin 
told him he was an honest fellow, and as he liked the slave, she 
was at his service; he would make him a present of her. Ha-.-ing 
said this, he arose and was about to take up his robe and depart. 
Selima in vain entreated her unworthy master tö recall his rash 
gift. He reproached her as the cause of all his misfortunes. The 
caliph was astonished at what had pas8ed; and while the fair Per- 
sian retired to a sofa to vent her grief, he requested K oureddin to 
relate his story. 
The young man complied; and the caliph found from his nar- 
rative, that though his llew acquaintance had been led aside by 
youthful indiscretion, which deserved correction, yet King Zinchi, 
and his vizier Saouy, had been guilty of oppression and injustice. 
He considered that the folly of N oureddin had brought a severe 
dist-ress upon him; while the king of Bo.lsora., influenoed by his 
minister, had abused the authority delegated from him with im- 
punity. 
lIe determined, therefore, to punish their injustice, by the very 
man who had been the victim of it. He wrote an order to Zinc hi 
to abdicate his throne, and place K oureddin on it. lIe also added a 
set form of words in the margin of the letter, which denoted his in- 
sisting on punctual and immediate obedience. This he put into 
N oureddin's hands, and advised him to return with it to Balsora. 
" I am not unknown," said he to Zinc hi ; " we were school-fellows: 
though this letter is given you by a person so obscure, yet, depend 
upon it, when the king receives it, he will do you justice.:' 
Au air of authority, which broke forth while the caliph said this: 
had great influence with N oureddin; and as his situation wa.s despe- 
rate, he ventured on a desperate undertaking; he rose up and 
without taking; leave of Selima, who was overwhelmed with grief. 
he went on board a vessel, and saJ led for Balsora, 
.A r idiculous 
ene now took place between the drunken Ibra- 
bim and the supposed fisherman. "You have been well paid for 



212 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


your paltry fish by that prodigal," said Ibrahim, " but I shall not 
suffer you to keep all he has given you. I am cOlltellt to divide 
the money with you; but the beautiful slave I will keep entirely 
to myself." The caliph refused him in a laughing answer, which 
so enraged I brahim, that he withdrew in haste to fetch a cane to 
cha.,:;tise the in
olent Kerim. 
As suun as Ibrahim had left the hall, the caliph gave a signal 
for his attenùants to enter. 1'hey instantly took away the fuh. 
erman's garlJ, and dres
eù him in the royal robes; and when 
Ibrahim returned, staggerillg and muttering curses and threaten- 
iugs against the unreasunable fi
herlllan, he was amazeù to fil1d 
in his room the caliph, attended by his principal officers. 
The scheik stood aghast at a sight so unwelcome, and so unex- 
pected. Recollecting himself, he in the most humble manner be- 
sought his master's pardon. The caliph, after giving him n good- 
humored reprimand, forgave him, and turning to Sélillla, who 
had seen these transactions in silent astonishment, he exhorted 
her to take comfort: as N oureddin would soon be in a situation to 
receive her again in splendor. In the meantime he promised to 
place her under the protection of his fayol'ite lady, Zubeide. 
N oUl'edùin had time enough duriug his yoyage to reflect on the 
danger he exposed him
elf to by returning tu Ball:5ora ; but his sit. 
uation was so deplorable that he became almost indifferent to the 
consequence. On his landing, without consulting any friend, he 
went directly to the palace, and presented the letter to Zinchi, at 
the time of public audience. The king's color changed on read. 
ing it; he was about to obey the caliph's order, when he thought 
of showing it to his vizier. 
Saouy read it in a tr<lnsport of enyy, rage, and despair; he 
took care, ho,\'e\er: to conceal these }Jas
ions. An artful expe- 
dient occurred to him to postpone at least N oureddin's elevation. 
He pretended to tu
n round for better light, when he tore off the 
set furm in the margin which he swallowed; tben, turning to 'he 
king, who was in great confusion, he talked with him in a whisper 
to the following effect; that the set form being omitted, it was 
plain that the caliph had only given K oureddin that letter to got 
rid of him; that the patent had not been sent, which was itself 
sufficient rea:"on to suspend ohedience to so strange an order. lIe 
concluded with requesting Zinchi to commit N oureddin to his 
custody, hinting pretty piainly that he should not long be in the 



E
'l'EI(TAIN)IE
TS. 


213 


king's way. Zinchi consented, and N oureddin was seh
å., loaded 
with chains, and conveyed to the house of his inveterate enemy, 
where he was treated with the utmost rigor. 
N oureddin remained six days ill this t:dtuation, lamenting chiefly 
his own indiscretion, in thus putting hinlself in the hands of his 
enemies. Saouy did not pass this time without uneasiness; he 
dreaded the con
equellce of his bold measure, in tearing off the 
most material part of the caliph's letter. Though be was impa- 
tient to deprive Noureddin of life, he neither durst do so privately, 
as he at first intended, nor was his malice satisfied with less than 
the shame of a public execution, which he could not inflict on his 
own authority. Thus situated, he bad recourse again to artifice; 
and taking advantage of Zinchi being intoxicated, he made such a 
representation of N oureddin, that he obtained the royal order to 
put him to death the ne>..t day, in the midst of the city. 
At the time appointed, Saouy went in person to the prison, ac- 
companied by his slaves, with the executioner and his attendants, 
and ordered the prisoner to be conducted to the scaffold, with 
every possible circumstance of ignominy. N oureddin, who heard 
these barbarous orders, exclaimed, "Thou triumphest now, 0 
mine enemy! but remember what is written in one of our books: 
, You judge unjustly, forgetting that in a little time you shall be 
judged yourself.'" "Fool," replied Saouy, "not to remember 
what another of our books sayeth, '\Vlmt signifies dying the day 
after the death of one;s enemy l' " 
N oureddin was led through all the principal streets of the city, 
to a scaffold erected opposite the gate of the palace. The fatal 
blow was about to be struck, "hen a most tormenting thirst op- 
pressed the prisoner, who earnestJy desired Bome water, which 
the people about undertook to provide. This cauRing a little de- 
lay, the vizier impatiently called out to the executioner to per- 
form his office. A tumult immediately ensued among the people, 
who still retained an affection for N oureddin, and ever hated 
Saouy. The king himself was offended at the cruelty of his 
minister, ånd gave a signal to suspend the execution. At this 
instant, a troop of horse came gaIloping full speed toward the 
palace, at tbe head of whom appeared Giafar. 
The instant Saouy saw the grand vizier, he again pressed the 
execution of the priRoner,which Zinchi with high indignation again 
forbade. 
Yhen the caliph's minister reached the palace, he (lr 



214 


AI:.\BIAN NIGIlTS
 


dered N oureddin to be relea::;cd, scized Sa.ouy, and the same h
mr 
set ont again for Bagdad, taking Zillcbi and K our ldclin with 
him, and leading Saouy thither prisollcr, bound with the saUle 
chains he had lately imposed on the unfortunate N oureddin. 
The sudden and timely appcarance of Giafa.r was caused by 
the caliph accidentally hearing Selima -accompanying her lute, in 
the apartments of Zobeide; this brought to his recollection that 
he had not seut to Balsora the patent cOllfirrning N oUl'èddin king 
in the room of Zinchi. Giafar was illlllleùiately despatched with 
it in all haste; aùd arrived just in time to prevent the effect of 
Saouy's malice. 
On his return to Bagdad, Giafar introduced them to the caliph, 
who, ha.ving examined into everJthing, told Noureddin he was at 
liberty to revenge his sufferings, by depriving his enemy of his 
head. '1'he young man, generous in this instance, was 8ath;fìed 
with having Saouy in his power; be even entreated the caliph to 
pardon him. Haroun Alraschid highly commended his manly 
and liberal behavior, but added, "Though it is l'ight in you to for- 
give a private injury, it would ill become me to pardon such an 
abuse of authority. ,Mercy to such an offender, wouLl be cruelty 
to my people." Saying this, he ordered Saouy to be immediately 
put to death. 
The c
tliph would have despatched N oureddin to take possession 
of the throne of Balsora; but he declared that the many calami. 
ties he had met with in that city, had made it hateful to him: the 
caliph, therefore, after a severe reprimand, permitted Zin{
hi to re- 
assume his government; and re:storing Selima. to N oureddin he 
gave him a handsome appoilitment in his palace. 


THE STORY OF BEDER, PRINCE OF PERSIA, AND GJAUHARA, 
PRINCESS OF SAMANDAL. 
Some years ago, Persia was governed by an accomplished prince 
of the name of :Mirza. lIis great reputation kept his neighbors in 
awe; his subjects were happy under his government; he kept up 
the dignity of a sovereign of Persia with great splendor; his ha- 
rem was filled with beauties from all parts of the world; but though 
he was exceedingly amorous, he had never attached himself to any 
particular object. lIe felt the necessity of something more than 
mere personal beauty to command his heart. 
One day a merchant, who dealt in beautiful slaves, arrived at 



EXTEHTAIX'ICNI'S. 


215 


1\Iir7.a'8 court: and acquainted him that he had met with a Blave 
more lovely than any he had ever 
cen. The king desired to see 
her, and was so charmed with her, that he paid t.he merchant the 
full price he demanded
 and gave him a 
oble present besides. 
The king ordered the fair slave to be lodged ill the most elegant 
apartments of the harem, a.ñd directed the attendants to behave to 
her with the most profound respect. 'Vhen she had reposed a few 
days, and had recovered from the fatigue of her journey, her charms 
were so much improyed, that :\Iirza was quite enamored with her. 
The fair slave endured rather than received the caresses of her 
royal master. She submitted herself to his disposal in silence. 
The most affectionate endearments produced no alteration in her 
beha vior. She continued to cast her eye
 011 the ground; nor 
could any entreaties prevail with her to utter a single worù. l\Iir- 
za, notwithstanding, became so fond of her. that he dismissed all 
his other women, and attached himself entirely to her. 
A year passed, during which the fair slaye obser,ed the same 
obstinate silence; when one day, as the king was pouring forth 
vows of the most unalterable affection, he perceiyed that she list- 
ened to him in a diff'C1'ent manner from what she had been used to 
do. She held up her head, she smiled, and cast her eyes on the 
king with looks of love. l\lirza perceived the alteration with as 
much surprise as delight; he doubted not but she was going to 
Bpeak: he urg(>d her, and she fulfilled his expectations to this pur- 
pose: 
"Since I have resolved to break silence, I lu\\"e much to say to 
your majesty; but let n
e, in the first place, thank you for all the 
favors and honors you haxe conferred upon me. Let me inform 
you also that I am with child. This induced me to break a silence 
I had intended should have been perpetual, and t.o love and respect 
you as I ought." . 
,Mirza was tram;;ported t.o hear she WU$ likely to make him a 
father: a blef:sing he had despaired of, as none of his mistress(>s 
had brought him an heir. In the extravagance of his joy, he 
caused the news to be instantly proclaimed to his capita}; he or- 
dered the poor to be relieved, the prisoners set at liberty, and ev- 
ery possible demonstration of joy to take place throughout his do- 
minions. Having given these directions. he turned to the fair slavo, 
und tenderly inquired into the cause of her long silence. 
" 1\0 account for my canduct," said she, "let me inform yon, sir 



21G 


ARABIAN KH
llT::)' 


that though I was reduced 
o low I1S to be sold to you fur a 
laYe, 
I am of royal blood. I have never ceased to remember lilY origin, 
and took care to do not,hing which should disgrace that birth by 
giving anything like a consent to what befell me in the state to 
which my misfortunes had reduced me. Your tender attention and 
l'espect shook this resolution, and my teing with child by you has 
entirely overturned it. 
" .My name is Gulnare, of the sea. 1\Iy father was one of the 
most potent princes of the ocean. At his death he left his kingdom 
in profound peace to my brother Salph; and I lived happily in his 
court, under the protection of my royal mother, who was daughter 
of another puissant monarch of the sea. 
"An ambitious neighbor
 taking advantage of my brother's youth 
and of our too great security, invaded his territory with a mip:hty 
army, and advanced so rapidly to his capital that we could scarce 
save ourselves from falling into his hands. 'Ve escaped to an in- 
accessible fortress, with a few trusty adherents, and continued there 
a long time, while my brother laid plans to drive out the usurper. 
" Saleh was very fond of me; and as the affair he was about to 
undertake was exceedingly hazardous, he wished to see me mar- 
ried before he embarked in it. 'In the present miserable condition 
of our affairs,' said he,' I see no probability of matching you to 
any of the princes of the sea; I would therefore wish you to 
marry one of the princes of the earth. Your beauty surpasses 
anything they ever F:aw; and a very small part of the little wealth 
we have left would be an inconceivable treasure to the greatest of 
them.' 
"Instead of weighing this advice of my brother as it deserved, 
I reproached him with meanness of spirit, in making me so de- 
grading a proposal. l\Iy mother adopting his idea, I gave way to 
my wounded pride, and with an imprudence and ,,,ant of duty 
which youth could searcely excuse, I threw nlyself out of the pro- 
tection of these my natural and best friend
. As soon as they had 
left me, I gave a spring from the bottom of the sea to the island of 
the mOOl]. It would be tedious if I was to relate to your majC'sty 
the many difitr{'ssing cOlu;eqnencC'8 of this ra8h step. One disaster 
followed another, the mmal and just puni
h1Hcllt of indiscretion 
and disobediC'nce, till I became at length a 81a\'e, and fell iuto your 
hand
.' 
".hen Gulnare lmd finished her narration, the king of Persia 



T':r\TERTA DDIE:'\T:ì. 


217 


Clu1Jl
cclÍ hpr with great tewlerIlP::5s. "Iour ::510ry, my charming 
princc8
," said he, ,. has greatly cxe ited lllY curiosity, which I would 
beg of you to gratify, if I wa
 not re:sohed tjr
t to put you in a, 
situation more worthy of you." ,M ir
a. 
Cllt immediately for the 
proper officer
, and publicly ('spoused the beautiful Guillare, 
causing her to he proclaimed q ueell of Persia; ill the most solemn 
manner all over the kingdom. 
'fhese ceremonies over, the king required of his lovely bride a 
m 
re particular account of the inhaLitant
 of the sea. " I have 
often heard," sa.id he, ,: that the sea was l'eol'lcll, but I ever Con- 
sidered it as a fa.1Jl,e, not believing it was possible for human beings 
to walk up and down, and live entirely in the water." 
"Sir," replied the queen, I' we can walk at the bottom of the 
Bea with as much e:u;e as 'you do 011 land, amI breathe in the water 
as you do in the air, yet it nc\'er ,vets our clothes. Our faculties 
in general are more perfect th..in your;;, Our vulgar language is 
the same that was engraven upon the sea] of Solomon, the Son of 
David. 
" 'rhe water docs not obstruct the opening and shutting of our 
eyes. Our sight is sharp and piercing, and can discern any object 
in the deepest sea as distinctly as upon land. "\Y 0 have the same 
succession of times and seasons as you have, and enjoy the light 
of the same planets in as great a perfection& As the sea is much 
larger than the earth, so we have many more kingdoms, all of 
which have great cities, well peopled; and there are the same 
varieties of ma.nners and customs among us, as there are amúng 
the nations of the earth. 
,. The palaces of our kings and great rn<.'n are magnificent, be- 
yond any idea yon can form. ". e haye gold, as you have; but 
the diamonds and pearls which are in most estimation with you, 
would scarcely be worn l)y the lowest order of our people. 'Ve 
have an incredible agility in transporting ourselves where we '\ 
please, in an instant; so that we have no occasion for carriages or 
horses, yet we Uf;C both for spielidor on public occasions. 
".Among other things in which we differ greatly from the in- 
hal)itallts of the earth is, the method of deli very and managing the 
women of the sea in their lying in. On this account it win be 
necessary to Bend for my mother and my com-ins to a
Ri8t at my 
hLbor. I wish also to he reconciled to my brother. I beseech your 
majcst.y will gire lUC lpa,yc to send for them; they will be glarl 
10 



218 


ATIABIAN NIGHTS. 


to see me now I am the consort of so great a prince, and prouð 
to pay their respects to your majesty." 
The king started at this proposal. "I should rejoice," repliell 
he, " to receive your relations j but how can they know where you 
are, unless you leave me to go in sea.rch of them 1 That I callnot 
bear to think of."-" Sir," replied Gulnare, with a smile, ,; if I ha "e 
your permission to send for them, I need Dot stir from this room. 
i'hey will be here in a very short time.
' 
l\Iirza readily consented, the queen l'equested him to retire to an 
adjoining closet, from whence he could see her friends- without 
being seen by them, till she chose to introduce him. The royal 
palace stood close to the spa; the queen opened the windows near- 
est to it; and, having called for a pan of fire, she threw in some 
powder, and pronounced certain words over it. 
Presently the sea appeared disturbed; and in a short time opened, 
when a tall; handsome young man, with whiskers of a sea-green 
color, appeared on the surface j a little behind him was one lady, 
advanced in years, attended by five beautiful young ones. The 
queen approaching the windows of the apartment, waM soon per- 
ceived by hp,r relations, who carne forward, not walking, but car- 
ried, as it were, on the surface of the waves. 1rhen they came 
near the palace, they nimbly leaped into it. The whole company 
embraced Gulnare, and tenderly reproached her with having left 
them so abruptly, and kept herself concpaled from them so long. 
King Saleh also told her that he hat! driven out the usurper, and 
seized his kingdom, as well as recovered his own. 
Gulnare re(
eived them with great respect, and, in a few worð.ö, 
told them all that had befallen her. "I could not," added she, 
" for very shame apply to you while I was beset with difficulties, 
which arose entirely from my own imprudence. But 1 am now be- 
come the wife of the great.e
t monarch of the earth, who, in e,Tery 
instance, treats me with the utmost rpO"aI.d and attention." 
ð 
A sumptuous collation was brought in, which the queen re- 
quested her relations to parta.ke of: As they were preparing to do 
so, the same thought struck them all, that they had entered the 
palace of a mighty T)l'ince and were about to sit down to his taL Ie 
. [", 
wIthout haying Leen introduced to him. A sense of this inci,-ility 
caused th('IU to Llu:-;h; their eyes sparkled, and they Lreathed 
flameH of fire at their mouth and nosh-ils. 
Uulnare doubted not but this sight would alarm her hU8Land j 



EN l'ERl'AI
.'LE
T:). 


219 


and, as she fouuù her rcla.tions wcrc desirous )f secing him, she 
withdrew to the closet where he wa
, aud offered to introduce them 
to him. :l\Iirza expressed himself much sati;::;fied at their arrival, 
but frankly owned he durst not trm;t himself near people who 
hreathcd forth fire so terribly. Gulnal'(
, laughing, told him that 
those flames would cease when they saw 11im; anù were only a 
token of their unwillingness to sit down to tablc without him. 
'Vhen thc queen had presented her relations to the king of 
Persia, aud mutual compliments had passed, his apprehcllsions were 
done away, and he soon bccame much attached to his illustrious 
guests. lIe treated them many days together with the greatest mag- 
nificence. III the midst of these hours of festh-ity, their joy was 
increased by the queen being happily delivered of a prince so 
beautiful, that they agreed, with one voice, to call him Beder; 
which, in the Arabian language, signifies, the full moo.n. 
One day, soon after the birth of the prince, when ,Mirza and 
Saleh wcre visiting the queen, the latter took Beder from his 
nur
e, and, after caressing him and dancing him alJout the room, 
on a sudden he leaped out of the window into the sea, with the child 
in his arms, and disappeared. 
The king of Persia was exceedingly alarmed when he saw his 
beloved son, the child of his wishcs, thus snatched from him. ITe 
concluded the infant must be drowned: and was giving way to 
despair, when Saleh returncd with Bedel' in his arms, whom he 
restored unhurt to his nurse. lIe then explained to Mirza the rea- 
son of his conduct. "Children," said he, " born of parents who are 
not both inhabitants of the sea, have only a few moments occurring 
once during their early infancy, in which the privilege of des-cend- 
ing into the regions of the water can be imparted to them. 
\Vhile I was playing with my nephew, I perceived those precious 
moments (ðoon to pass away) were arrived; without losin
 them to 
explain myself to you, I pronounced the mysterious words which 
were engraven on the seal of the great Solomon, the son of David, 
and, taking the prince with me into the sea, I completed the neces- 
sary rites. Beder will now be able, when he pleases, to plunge 
into the sea, and traverse the ntst empires it contains at its bottom. 
"I have, also," continued he," brought your majesty 0. small 
prcsent, which I request you to ßccept." He then made a signal, 
when two men rose out of the sea bearing an immense coffer, which 
contained three hundred diamonds no large as pigeon's eggs, 88 



220 


A lL\BIAN 'KIGllTS' 


many l'u1-,ies: with emeralds, and pearl.s of the greatest value; S(J 
that the kinO' of Pen;ia. was absolutely a.
toui
hed at a. display of 
o 
riches which exceeded ever.Ytlnng he had any notion of. 
l{inO' Saleh and the ladies of the soa continued with :Mirza and 
o , 
Gulnare as long a.s in prudcnce they could. .At length they took 
leave and returned to their own territories. An affectionate inter- 
, 
course continued betwecn them during their lives; and they paid 
frequent visits to the court of Pen;ia. 
As Beùer grew uP: he appeared to be a prince of great hopes. 
lIis temper was ben.cyolent; his talcnts brilliant; and they \vere 
early called into exercise. "\rhile he was yet a. youth, disease bore 
beavily on )Iirza, anù he became desirous to withdraw himself from 
the fatigues of royalty. lIe resigned, therefore, his crown to his 
son; and though he survi\'ed that event but a short time, yet he 
had the sa.tisfaction to see the prince conduct himself ,vith great 
ability, and to be treated Ly him with the most pcrfect respect and 
duty. 
1'he loss of his father was well supplied to the young king by 
the sagacious councils of Gulnare and King Saleh. That prince 
was so attached to his nephew, that he passed with him all the time 
he could spare from the care of his own ùominions. One day after 
dinner, Saleh, in conversation with his sister Gulnare, fell insen- 
sibly on the praises of his nephew. Beder, among his other yir- 
tues, had great modesty; and not being willing either to interrupt his 
uncle, or to sit and hear his own applau
e, he rose from the taLle, 
And withùrew to a sofa, where he pretended to fall asleep. 
Saleh continued the conversation, and told the queen tbat there 
was a princess of the sea, who f..'u surpa.ssed all others in beauty, 
whom he earnestly wished to be the wife of Beùer, but that very 
considerable difficulties lay in the way of obtaining her fur him. 
Gulnare arose in haste to look at Bedel', who, being much inter- 
ested in the conversation, counterfeited the most profound sleep. 
'1'he queen, thinking him really so, returned to her seat, and Saleh 
In'oceeded to tell her that it was Giauhara, daughter of the ki ng of 
Sa.mandal, whom he thought of for his nephew. "She is," continued 
l1e, "the most beautiful and accomplished princess that ever was 
seen on the earth or ill the waters. But as her father is insnpport 
ably proud, louking upon all others as his inferiors, it is not likely 
he will readily agree to the alliance.': 
Beder heard this discuurse too attentively for his peace. He be. 



E
TERT.-\IXMEXTS. 


221 


came enamored of the princess Giauhara: of whose beauty he 
conceived the highest opinion; and feariug that the king of Saman- 
dnl should reject him, it entirely destroyeù his re.st; he became 
absent, thoughtful; and sad. ',"hile Saleh contemplated this change 
in his beloved nephew with great anxiety, all accident revealed to 
him the cause of it. 'Yalking one evening in the gardens of the 
palace, he overheard Beder express his pa.
sion for the unknown 
Giauhara, in terms the most vehement. 
Saleh was excessively grieved at this event. He discovered him. 
self immediately to the young king of Persia, and represented to 
him in the strongest terms the folly of devoting his heart to a lady 
whose beauty he knew only by report. But Beder, finding his 
secret thus unexpectedly discovered by his uncle, avowed his at- 
tachment, and pleaded the necessity of his 0 btniuillg Giauhara to 
preserve his lifp., in Buch pathetic terms, as entirely subdued Saleh. 
Beder perceiving the impression he had made, pressed his uncle to 
take him immediately to his kingdom (without asking Gulnare's 
consent, of which they had no hope) and set on fuot a treaty with 
the king of Samandal. Saleh agreed; and the sea, passing at the 
bottom of the gardens, they both plunged into it, and arrived, in a. 
very short time, at the palace of the sea-king. 
Saleh prepared a most sumptuous present, and set off as soon as 
po
sihle, with a great retinue, for the court of Samandal. On his 
arrival, the king treated him with much respect, and appointed a 
puLlic audience, to receive him in the presence of the whole court, 
the next day. Accordingly King Saleh was introduced in great 
state, and placed on the king of Samandal's left hand; where, 
knowing the character of the prince he was addressing, he paid his 
compliments to his royal host, in the most subn1Îssive and respect- 
ful mmmer; and concluded by directing his attendants to lay the 
present they bore at the king of Samandal's feet. 
If the vanity of that prince 'Was delighted by the abject behavior 
of his hrother king, his aViuice was no less gratified hy his present, 
which was of imlllen
e value. lIe turned, therefore, toward his 
gue
t, and embracing him, requested to know in what manner he 
could serve him. 
King Saleh; pleased with his graciou'3 reception, declared thai 
the purport of his visit was to solicit an alliance by marriage be. 
h'f'een the two royal families. lIe had 
carce proceeded thus far.. 
when the king of Samandal interrupted him by a loud laugh; 
. 



222 


AIOBIAN :KIGH I'S' 


after which he asked him, with much contempt, how long he had 
entertained such a. chimera? or how he could conceive the ab::mrd 
thouo'ht of aS 1 )irinO' to so g reat and aec0ll1 11 lished a. princess? 
ole .L 
KinO' Saleh haù submittcd to hUlllor the di
po
itioll of the king 
o 
of SaUH111dal, be0au
e he feared th,Lt haughty prince would be with 
diffieulty prevaileù OIl to give his ù:'Lughter to Bedel'; who, bcing 
only a kil g of the earth, was gre,ttly her inferior; but when he 
founù himself treatcù in so contcmptuous a ma,nner, he waô highly 
offenùed, aud replicd with great f:pirit, " You are mistakcn, sir, if 
you suppose I llle..Ult to ask :YOllr daughter for myself; lior should I 
have consiùered such a rcquest as at all aspiring, being in C\'Cl'Y 
respect Jour equal. It is for my ncphew, the kiug of Persia, that 
I was ahout to ôolicit, a prince \\"ho:5e merit renders him a fit hus- 
for the lo\'ely Giauhara, and who, though llo.t a prince of the sea, 
iliD the most potent of the kings of the earth." 
The rage of the king of Salllaudal at this discourse, deprivcd 
llim, for SOlHe time, of a.ll utter<tllce. At length he broke out in 
outr
geous and injurious exprcHsion
, unworthy of a king; not COII- 
teut with this, he forgot what wüs due to the digllity of 
alch, 
and to the rights of h()
l,itality. lIe call
d out to hi
 gurrrds to 
seize his 
uest, and CIIt off hi,:> head. 
The 
turliel1ce-chaud)(
r Lccalue a S(
elle of the g
.eatcst eonfllsion. 

";all'h prp:'\ently e:"\c<tl'ctÌ out of the p:tbce, at the g;:'Lte of whieh he 
tilll:Jd a. thou:'\,Uld men, of hi
 1 elatillll
 anù frit'ud:-ö, well armed. 
TIlt.' queen, his moth
r, eOll
idprillg h.,,, few att(,Ildallt
 he had,:llld 
the recpption he wuuld prohably meet vl'Ïth from the king of Sa.- 
mandaI, had sent this little truop after him for his protection. 
Saleh put himself at the heaù of his frieuds, and, with great 
prescnce of mi!ld, secured the avcnues of the palace; and entering 
again the :Ludicllcc-ch:uuher, he seize(} the person of the king of 
R'l\);\"d:t1. lIi
 lIext care W,tS to haye secured the princess; but 
OIl tllf' ti1.st alarm. 
he. togethor with hcr att.('ndants, had sprung to 
till:' t'lId:LCC of thp 
('.t, and escaped to a de:-öert i:.;lalld. 
)1l':l.lltilllC; SOHl(' of 
a 1(' h's aUen(lants, who Beù at the fir
t onset, 
:UTi \ ed at tlu t king's capital, and spread a 
ell('ral COllsternati(lIl, 

JY relating the danger tllPY left h illl in. All the royal fan lily were 
III thc dl'cpe:.;t affiiction: l.Hlt Bedel', who cOllsider('ù hillH
('lf a
 the 
calise of his unelù's mlRfortUlIP, was o\'erwhclrned with sorro
Y and 
cOllfufo;ion. lIe dreadcd the rcproaches of his c:ral1l11ll0ther and of 
t\ 1 . <- 
Jle ot 1er prlllcesscs : he hastily, therefort
, darted from the bottom 



E:'\TE RT AIX)lENTS. 


223 


of the sea, and not knowing how to find the way to Persia, ho 
arrived by chanc J at the same island where the princess Giallhara 
had taken refuge. 
The prince, much disturbed in mind, seated himself under a 
grove of trees. "'''hile he was endeavoring to compose himself, he 
overheard the sound of yoices; and drawing near the place they 
proceeded frol1l; he t;aw a lady of the most exqui
ite beauty, con- 
versing with SOIlle attendallts. Beder was quite charmeù with her. . 
lIe listened to their cOl1ver:sation, alid, to his a
tonisbment, he soon 
fouud tbat the lady was the princess to whose be..'ìuty he had de- 
votell his heart, from the account he had heard of it. lIe learnt 
also the Sl1CCe8S of his uncle 
aleh, and the captivity of the king 
of Sa,mandal-vdlOse misfortune, the charmin
 princess dutifully 
deplored, though she expressed herself unacquainted with the 
causo of it. 
Reder was so rejoiced at meeting with hi8 beloved Giauhara, that 
he rushed forward and threw himself at her feet: and as SOon as 
she had recovered her surprise, he related bow he had hecome en- 
amored with her, who he was, and concluded by offering to at- 
tend her to her father's court, where he had no doubt of being able 
to re-e.staLlish friendship between the two sea-kings. 
The princess was plea
ed with tbe persoll and address of Beder ; 
find when she hearll him relate how much he had hecome attached 
to her Lefore he had 
een ber, she hlu::-;hed, and li
tplled to him with 
great complacency. But when !She found he was the nephew of 
king Saleh, and the cause of the insult her father had recf'ived, 
and of her own fright and grief, she sOOn entertained very different 
sentiments re
pecting him. She 
ave ,yay to the dicta.tes of fury 
and revenge, which yet 
he had art enou
h to conceal. She suf- 
fered such expressions of favor túward him to escape her, seem- 
ingly in her confusion, that the fond prince '\n1S enraptured; and 
by reaching forth his hand to seize that of the priucesR
 ho pu 
himself in her power. Sire pushed him back, and spit at him, say- 
ing, ,. 'V retch, quit the form of a man, and take that of a white 
bird with a red l)ill and feet." The Rpell took place directly; and 
the unfortunate Beder heeame a bird of that d('
cripti()n. '
Carry 
him now," t:;aid tbe re\'engofill Giauhara to one of her attelldallt8, 
" to yond('r solitary rock, and let him remain there, without foúd 
or water, tin he porishe
.J' 
The atteI1l1ant to whom the fate of Eeder was committpß, took 



224 


AR\.BIAN KIGHTS' 


compassion on him. d How cruel it is," thought she, " to destroy 
so accomplished a prince? my mistress will certainly one day re.. 
pent it." 'Yithout venturing to expostulate with G iauhara, she took 
charge of the bird; but instead of carrying him to the barren 
rock, she conveyed him to a neighboring island, well planted and 
watered, where he would have no difficulty to find support. 
\Vhile these matters were transacting, Saleh, having secured the 
person of the king of Samnndal; though he treated hiIn with re. 
8pect, determined to keep him prisoner, and to administer the gov- 
ernment of his kingdom till Giauhara should return. This he. 
found no difficulty in accomplishing. He appointed trusty officers 
for the several departments, and then returned to his own kingdom, 
w here found all the princesses of his family in great grief for the 
absence of King Beder. But as the inhabitants of the sea are too 
wise to indulge long in a fruitless sorrow, those august persons 
Boon comforted each other, and waited for his return with hope and 
patience. 
The king of Persia still continued under the force of enchant- 
ment, and gathered, in the i
land he was placed, that subsistence 
which suited the form he bore. It happened that a peasant, whe 
was skilled in taking birds, saw him .; and being much pleased with 
his beauty, conceived to ensnare him. lIe carried him to a neigh- 
boring city, where he was offered a large sum for him by a luxurious 
citiæn, who wil'hed to gratify his appetite with so tempting a 
morsel. The peasant refused his offer, not doubting but the king 
of t hat country would be glad to have' so rare and boautiful a 
bird. K or was he mistaken. . The king paid him very hountifully, 
and immcdiatly sent for the queen, to present her with his pur- 
en ase. 
"\Vhen the queen entered the room where the bird was. she let 
ff)Il her veil, and told the king that it was a prince of illustrious 
descent he 11ad purchased under that form. She then. at her hus- 
tánd's reque
t, took somo water in a cup, and, u)' muttering some 
words oyer it, ca.u:-:cd it to boil. This she sprinkled on the bird, 
baying, "By virtue of the holy and mysterious word3 I have pro. 
no'mced, rp8ume the form ill which thou waRt created." Imme. 
diately the bird YalJÌt-hed, and a hanfÌt30me young man paid the 
warme
t thanks to his royal benefactors. 
The king, having heard Beder's story, embraced and conglatu. 
lat.ed him, o5'ering him every sen'ice in his power. "A-s you are 



EKTERTAI
)IE
TS. 


225 


not at so great a distance from your own kingdom," said he to 
the king of Persia," your power of conveying yourseIf through 
the sea is, at present of very little sen-ice to you, fur how will 
you find your way through it ? You had better, therefure, em. 
bark in some of the yessels which sail hence to some country 
nearer your own." 
Bedel' followed this advice; but when the ship had nearly com. 
pleted her voyage, a violent storm drove ber out of her course; 
find, as she approached tbe shore of an unkuown land, she struck 
against a hidden rock, and beat to pieces. The crew all perished; 
but the king of Persia threw himself into the sea, anù reached 
the shore without difficulty. As he approached the city, he was 
met by a great number of animals; horses, camels, mules, a68e8, 
and other beasts, who crowded together before him, and seemed 
to oppose his entering it. lIe forced his way throug,h them; and 
on entering the city, found the streets spacious and well built. 
lIe proceeded a consideralJle way without meeting with anyone, 
and came at Jast to shops, in one of which he saw' an old man, 
whom he courteously 8aluted. 
The old man started at the sight of the prince, and, without _ 
answering Ilis compliment, pressed him to come into his house. 
Bedel', though surprised at his e.U"nestness, complied; wben the old 
man congratulated him that he had obtained that shelter, before 
any misfortune had befallen him; askin
, at the same time, what 
business brought him to that city, and whether he had met any. 
body in his walk thither. 
Bedel' told his host what had happened to the ship; and added, 
c'That he met no man in bis way from the sea, but had been 
strangely opposed by a number of animals of different sorts." 
"Those animals were your friends," replied Abdallah, which 
was the name of the old man; "this city is called the citÿ of en. 
chantments; it is governed by a queen: named Labe: who is one 
of the most charming and most wicked of her sex; inconstant, 
cruel, treacherous. and a sorceress. All those animals were once 
young I11en, 8trang;ers like yon, whom she has trauF:formed by her 
diaholicnl art. She has regular patrols who go about the aveuues 
of tlu city. and seize all strangers, either coming in or going out 
of it. They are carried before the queen, and if she fancics 
(\Ïtller of them, he is clothed in ma
nificent apparel, treated as a 
prince, caressed by the queen, who gives him such proofs of affcc- 
10* 



2f& 


AI{ABIAN 
IGllTS' 


tion as to make him conclude she loves him entirely. This happi. 
ness is not permitted to last long; for withiu forty da.ys he is sure 
to lose the huma.n shape and become a Lrute." 
The king of Persia. heard of this a.ccount with much concer-n. 
" How ullfortullate am I F said he aloud; "scarce freed from Oile 
enchantment, whièh I rcmemLer with horror, I a.m now exposed to 
another yet more terrible." Having said thi
, he very frankly 
told his host who he Wl1,S, and what had Lefallell him, and 
requested his advice hO\v to couduct him:self ill his present peril- 
ou
 situation. 
" Prince," replied Ahdallah, "the wise man, and the good 
Ius- 
flullllan, will, in all disastrous events, look about for such circum- 
stance8 as most allevia.te distress, and from t.hem will collect 
courage and resignation to the ,vill of Heaven. It is true, you 
are unfortunate in arriving at this city; bllt then your having 
mi
sed the patrols, and your applying to me, are happy events. 
Know that there is no person in her dominions, whom Labe treats 
with so much respect as myself; the cause of which is, that she well 
knows she has much reason to fear me. It would he too bold a risk 
to attempt to get out of the city yet; reside a little time with me, 
I will give out that you are my nephew, which will '5ecure you 
the civilities of the citiz
ns, and you will not be considered as a 
stranger; and, though it will not protect you wholly from the 
queen, it will at least make her cautious how Ehe beha\'es to you." 
The king of Persia thankfully accepted this offer. As Abdal- 
lah knew it would be impossihle to conceal his guest. from observ- 
ation, he let him appear openly; and, on all occasions, spoke of 
him as his nephew. N ear a month had passed when Reder, be- 
ing at the door, saw a very splendid procession approaching; he 
asked his host what it meant. "The queen is coming by," an.. 
Bwered 11e, " but do you stand still, and fear nothing." 
A thousand of the queen's guards, clothed in purple, armed and 
well mounted, marchec1 first, with their sabres drawn; then fol- 
lowed the like number of eunuchs, babited in rich brocades; next 
came as many young ladies on foot, splendidly dressed, and march- 
ing slowly with half pikes in their hands; in the midst of them 
appeared Queen Labe on a horse all glittering with diamonds, 
with a gold saddle, and housing of inestimable value. All the 
retinue, aEl they passed, saluted Abdallah; and the queen, when 
she came to his shop, Btoppeù to speak with him. 



ENTERT A Ii\l\IE
TS. 


227 


At the sight of Beder, the queen compliu)(\uted Abdallah on 
his possessing so handsome a slave. The old man túld her he 
was a nephew whom he had adopted as a son. "I will then," re. 
plied the queen, " for your sake, make him as great anù powE?rful 
as ever a pri,'ate man wa
; let him -join my train." Abdallah, 
with great respect, besought her to excuse him; but Labe, having 
gazed earnestly on the prince, became much pleased with him, and 
very importunate with the old man to part with him. Abdallah was 
exceedingly grieved for King Beder; but finding the queen would 
not be refused, he consented, on condition his supposed nephe\f' 
might pass one more day with him. 
l\Iost {)art of this day he passed in comforting the king of Per. 
sia, who was in despair when he found he should be in the power 
of the sorceress. Abdallah recommended him to place no confi- 
dence in the queen's professions, but to watch her with the most 
jealous attention, and if anything happened which appeared alarm. 
ing to consult him immediately. 
The next day I.Jabe came, with her usual train, to conduct 
Bedel' to her palace. As soon as she arriveù at AlJdallah's house, 
he went up to her and said," Puissant queen, I conjure yon to 
lay aside the seC'rets of that art you possess in so wonderful a de. 
gree; respect my nephew as my own son; and you will reduce 
me to the utmost despair if you f'hould think fit to deal with him 
as you have done with others." "I understand you very well," 
replied the queen, " and swear to you by the fire and the light, and 
lJY whatsoever is sacred in my religion, that neither you nor he 
shall have cause to repent your compliance with my desire." She 
then ordered a horse to be brought for the prince, as richly ca. 
parisoned as her own, and caused him to be placed at her left 
hand. As he was mounting, she asked Abdallah what was the 
name of his nephew; and being told BedC'r (the full moon), her 
majesty replied, "Sure it was a mistake; he ought to have been 
called Shems" (the sun) . 
"\
hen they arrived at the palace, the queen cOlHlucted Beder 
through the apartments which were furnished in the mOf':t nragnifi- 
cent style. Before dinner, she laid aside her veil, and di
coYercd 
it face uncommonly charming. The prince, notwithstanding, be. 
held her unmoved. "No one," thought he, ,; is heautiful, whoR6 
nctions are hideous." 
But when dinner was over, and wine was introduced-when 



22S 


AHABI \ N NIGHTS' 


mu
ic and <lancing h&d softeuf'd the mind of the young prince-then 
tllC charms of the enchantress Le\vitched him; an d laying aside 
all his wholesome fears} he returned her caresses, careless of the 
conseq uences. 
For nine-and-thirty daye Bedel' abandoned bimAelf to these 
enervating pleasures; but in the evening of the las
 of these days, 
he chanced to ohserve the queen mix a powder in a cup of wine, 
which she afterward presented to him. His suspicions were at 
once awakened. He contrived to change the cup unobserved; and 
by that means avoided drinking the potion, though he knew not for 
what purpose it was administered. The powder was intended to 
promote sleep; and when Bedel' and the queen retired to rest, the 
prince, whose mind was much disturbed, aided the deception un- 
wittingly, by pretending to fall asleep immediately, in order to 
avoid conversation. Labe arose, not doubting but that her powder 
had taken the designed effect: proceeded to her incantations; Bedel' 
all the time observing her with the most anxious solicitude. 
She opened a chest, and taking out a Lox full of yellow powder, 
she laid a train of it across the chamùer, when a rivulet of water 
appeared. The sorceress poured some of the water into a basin 
full of flour and kneaded it, mixing certain drugs, and all the while 
muttering over it. Having made a cake, sbe caused a fire to ap- 
pear in one corner of the room, where she baked it. When it was 
done, she uttered certain words, and the rivulet and fire disappeared. 
The queen put by her cake, and returned to bed. 
Reder no longer doubted but Labe meditated mischief again8t 
him. In this situation, he reflected with deep regret that he had 
given himself up to sensuality with the abandoned queen, and 
neglected Abdallah. He resohed to visit him as soon us it was 
day, w acknowledge his fault, and entreat his advice how to act in 
his present situation. 
He arose accordingly, and leaving Queen Labe asleep, hp. found 
out the house of his kind host, and related to him all that hud 
pa%ed. AbdalJah, embracing him, said, "You have shaken off 
your folly, my dear Reder, and you have become jealous in 
ood 
time. You are not mistaken; this wicked woman, notwithstand- 
ing her repeated oaths, meditates your ruin. 'Vhen you return, 
E!he will present you with a ca.ke, and press you much to eat it. You 
win do well to slip it aRide, and eat a piece of this '" hich I will 
now give you. "Tl1Cn 
he thinks you have swallowed it: HIle win 



E
TEI
TAIX1IE
TS. 


229 


attempt to tI .\II
forlll you into some nnimal. Fillrlillg f'1lC' does not 
EiUcceed, she will pafSs it oil' a
 a joke; but llcr hatred of you will 
become extreme. \Yhile she is in this cOllfm;iou, you must presenh 
her with her own cake whole. As she will thillk she has failed 
of her purpose from some omission in making her cake, she will 
readily eat SOlUe of yours, to remove all di
trust in you, and the 
sooner, because she will think you broke and ate a part of that 
she made. As soon as she has swallowed 3, morsel of it, throw 
some water in her face, and Lid her quit her present form, and 
take 3,ny one you please. 
Bedel' m'tcte all possible acknowledgment to Abàallah for de- 
fending him thus from the wiles of a pestiJent sorceress. On his 
return to the palace, the queen met him with much seeming affec- 
tion; she gently chid him for having left her so long, and invited 
him to walk with her in the garden. "
hen they came to 3, cas- 
cade, LaLe, with the most endearing tenderness, presented the 
prince with a cake, which she told him 'was of her makin& 
and besought him to eat it for her sake. Bedel' received it with 
respect, and, bowing low, contrive-d to change it unobserved for 
that which Abdallah had given him. As soon as he had eaten a 
little of it, the sorceress, taking Bome water from the cascade, threw 
it in his face, saying, ")Y retch: quit the form of a man; and become 
a ,ile horse, lame and blind." 
These words ha'ving no effect, the queen appeared confused, and 
blushed exceedingly; but she presently began to laugh at Bedel', 
who gave in to the pleasantry and laughed with her. Soon after, 
he said, "Charming queen, the only gift I would accept of from my 
uncle this morlling was a cak.e, which you will find most deliciou
, 
if you will do me the honor to taste it." Saying this,' he presented 
her with her own cake. In order to regain the confidpnce of the 
king of rer
ia, she hroke off a piece and ate it. But she had no 
Booner swallowed it, tha.n she appearcd much troul)led, and re- 
mained motionl('
s. J
cdcr; catching up Rome water in his turn, 
threw it in her face, saying, :, Abominalile sorccress, quit the form 
of a woman, which thy crimes so much dishonor, and become a 
marc." The transformation took place immcdiately. 
The mare appeared very sensihle of her situation, for she shed 
tears in great abundance, and bowed her head very suhmissively 
to the prince. He put her into the hands of fl. groom to bridle 
Rnd nHldle; but of all the bridles in the stables, not one would fit 



230 


AHABL\N NIGHTS' 


her. Bedel' ordered the groom to ]pad her with him to Abdallah's 
house, who rf'joiced exceedingly to see the prince safe, and the 
sorceress in that situation. 'rhe old man Boon found a bridle which 
fitted her exactly; when haying dismissf,rt the groom, he said to 
Bedel', :, It will be best for you, my lord, to quit thie city imme- 
diately. :Mount the mare, and return t
 your kingdom. But be- 
fore you leave me, let me recommend one thing to your especial 
care; which is, if ever you part with your mare, be sure to de- 
lì\-er the bridle." Beder promised to remember this caution, anù 
taking an affectionate farewell of his friend, he sot out for Persia. 
After several days' travellin
, he arrived at the suburbs of a 
great city, where a venerable old man stopped him! and askeù 
him from what part of the world he came. 'Vhile they were 
talking, un old woman came lry, and looking at the mare, sighed 
and wept bitterly. 
]
pder WfiS affpcted with her sorrow, and asked her the cause of 
it. "Alas! sir," said she, " it is because your mare so exactly 1'0- 
semlJles one my son had, that I 
hould think it the same, if I did 
not know she was dead. Sell her to ll
e, I heseech you; I will 
give you more than she is worth: for the sake of him who once 
owned her likeness." 
1'he king of Persia told her he would on no account sell his 
mare. But she continued urging and entreating him, till he was 
tired with her importunity. At length, seeing her very poorly 
dressed, he thought of a method to get rid of her. " I never in- 
tended,'= said he," to sell so good a JJeast, nor will I now for less 
than a thousand pieces of gold. }'or that price you shall have 
her; so go home and fetch the money." "I have no need to go 
home for it," replied the old woman
 unloosing a purse she had at 
her girdle, " here is exactly the sum you demand." 
Bedel' was surpriRed to find HO shahhy a woman thus rc'ady with 
su(.'h a largo Rum. lIe hid her pnt up her money. "I have heen 
only bantering yon," said he, " my mare iR not to be sold." 
The old man had heen witness of all that hud passed. " Son," 
said he to Bedel', "it is neces
ary yon 8honld know one thing, 
which I find you are ignorant of. It is not permitted in this city 
for anyone to tell a lie, on pain of death. As you have made a 
bargain \\ ith this old woman, you must not refuRe to take hel' 
1ll0HPY Rnd deliver your mal"e, or you will expo
e yourself to cere 
t3.in destruction." 



ENTERTAlXnE
TS. 


231 


The king of Persia found himself obliged to alight, and gh e up 
his mare. In his confusion, he still kept hold of the bridle long 
enough for the old woman to slip it off the marc's head, and leaye 
it in his haud. The old womau then taking up some water that 
ran in the street, threw it in the mare's face, saying, " Daughter, 
quit that beastly form, and reassume thine own." The queen wag 
immediately restored, and Bcder was so terrified when be saw 
her, that he was unable to attempt to escape. 
'The old woman was the mother of Queen Labe, and had iu- 
structed her in all her magic. As soon as she had embraced her 
daughter, she caused a genie to arise, who, taking Bedel' on one 
shoulder, alld the old woman with Queen Labc on the other, he 
transported them in a few minutes to the palace of the queen in 
the city of enchantmcnts. \Yhen they arrived, Labe, amid
t many 
Jxecratiom:, trali
forll1ed the prince into a vile owl, and delh-el'ed 
..iÌm to one of her attendants, with orders to shut him up in a cage, 

...nd keep him without food till he perished. 
'1'he attendant, disregarding the queen's command, locked up the 
cage in a room where no other person could come, leaving him 
plenty of food. She then went to Abdallah, and acquainted him 
with the fate of the king of Persia, and his own danger; Queen 
Labe haying vowed to destroy him by next morning. 
ALallah knew the power and the malice of the sorceress. He 
summoned, therefore, a genic, who immediately conveyed the at. 
tendant to the 
ourt of Persia. By the direction of Abdallah she 
told Queen Gulnare in what situation she had left Bedel'. '1'he 
affectionate mother burst into tears of joy at hearing of her son. 
She ordered the trumpets to sound, the drums to beat, and caused 
proclamation to be made all over the city, that King Bedel' was 
about to return to his capital. She then, by a certain fumigation, 
summoned Saleh, and acqua.inted him with the situation of his 
nephew. 
Saleh assembled his troops, and called to his assistance the 
genii, hit; allies, who apleared with their numerous armies. Gul- 
nare joined them, and they all lifted themselyes up in the air, and 
soon poured down on the palace and the city of enchantments, 
where the magic queen, her mother, and all the other adorers of 
fire
 were put to death. Bedel' was again restored to his proper 
for.n; and Ahdalla.h, being pla
ed on the throne of Labe, received 
for his queen the attendant who had preseryed him and Beder. 



232 


AHABIAN NIGHTS' 


1'he marriage reyived the att..'l.chment of the king of Persia to 
the loyely Giaulmra, and Saleh, desirous of gratifying the wishes 
of his nephew, ordered the king of Samandal to be conducted to 
the city of enchantments. The pride of that prince had been now 
sufficiently humhletl; he rejoiced in the opportunity of being re- 
storE-d to his throne, by an alliance with the family of his con- 
q uel'ors. 
Giauhara obeyed her father without reluctance; and after apol.. 
ogizing to the king of Persia for the severe treatment whi ch filial 
duty had compelled her to offer him, she gave him her hand. 
1'he nuptials were solemnized with the utmost magnifieence; all 
the lovers of the magic queen, now restored to their pristine 
forms; joyfully assisting at them. 


THE HISTORY OF GANEM, SON OF ABOU AYOUB, SURNAMED I.OVE'S 
SLA VE. 
Abou Ayoub was a merchant of Damascus, who had, by care 
.and industry, acquired great wealth. lIe had a son, a very accom- 
plished young man, whose name was Ganem, afterward called 
Love's Slave; and a daughter, who, on account of her admiraLle 
beauty, was nameù Alcolomb, or Ravisher of Hearts. 
Abou Ayoub died; and amidst immense riches, he left a hundred 
bales of brocades and other rich silks, which were ready packed 
in the warehouses: and marked for Ba.gdad. Some time after his 
dea.th, Ganem resolved to carry theoo goods to the market thpy 
were destined for, and dispose of the-m among his father's corre- 
spondents. lIe was recei\'ed by them with great respect, and soon 
sold his goods to his satisfaction. 
Ganem employed the time he had to stay at Bagdad till the 
return of the caravan in improving his mind, by conversing with 
the principallller
hants, and seeing everything which was worthy 
of oLservation. One ùay, on going to the bezestein, he found all the 
shops were ::;hut; and on inquiring the cause, he was told that one 
of the merchants, whom he knew, was dead, and that all his 
brother traders were gone to his funeral. 
G,U1em wellt to the mosque, and arrived there before the prayers 
were ended; after which, the body was taken up. aud fullowed by 
the kindred and the mercha.nts, whom Ganem joined, to the place 
of the burial, which was at a great distance frOln the city. It was 
a stone structure, like a dome, built purp08ely for the family of tilt) 



E
TEnT AIN:\IENTS. 


233 


deceased. Tents were pitched around it to receive the coml any. 
The monument was opened, and the corpse laid in it; the imam 
and the other priests sat down in a ring, and said the rest of the 
prayers; they also read the chapters of the Alcoran appointed for 
the burial of the dead; the kindred and merchants sitting round 
in the same manner behind them. 
It was near night before all was ended. Ganem, who did not 
expect so long a ceremony, began to b('\ impatient; and more so 
when he saw meats served in memory of the deceased, accord. 
ing to the custom of Bagdad. lIe was also told, that the tent
 
were set up to protect the company from the evening dewb, as they 
were not to return to the city before morning. Ganem, who had 
considerable property in his house, was alarmed at this account; 
and having eaten a little of the meat, he contrived to slip away 
from the company uno hserved. 
He made all possible haste toward the city, but unluckily mis- 
took his way; nor could he even find the track to the tents again, 
In this situation; he resolved to take shelter fur the night in one 
of the tombs, the doors of which they did not tnke much care to 
shut fast. 
He came at length to a large tomb, before which grew a palm 
tree. Here the young merchant entered, and laying down, en. 
deavored to sleep; but the anxiety he was under at being absent 
from home prevented him. He arose, therefore, and walked back- 
ward and forward before the door. After some time, he was 
startled to see a light coming toward him. I-Ie shut the tomb, and 
cHm bed up the palm tree as his safest retreat. 
He had scarce seated himself, when he perceived three slaves 
enter the burial-place; one of them bearing a light, the other Ì\vo 
a large chest; which, haying dug a hole, they deposited in the 
earth, and filling up the hole as smooth as po
sible they departed. 
Ganem concluded that the chest contained something of value. 
'Vhen the slaves were gone, and daylight began tú appear, he de- 
scended from the palm tree, and with much labor removed the 
earth from the chest, anù, on opening it, was amazed to find a 
young lady of incomparable beauty, magnificently dressed; and 
though her eyes were shut, eyidently alive... Ganem Iifted h('r out 
of the chest, and the fresh air presently recovered her. ,
 lien 
hcr faculties returned, she was eqnally frightened and astonir:hcd 
to find herself ill a burial-place. Ganem approached her with the 



234 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


utmost respect; he expressed his joy at having been the means of 
saving her from 0. premature grave, and oft'ered to obey her com- 
manàs and render her, in any manner she chose, the services she 
stood in need of. At the sight of Ganem, the lady covered her 
face with her veil. After hearing his account, and seeing the 
chest, she was at no loss to comprehend bel' situation or tbe value 
of ihe assi
tance the merchant had renùered her. 
But the pre
ent was no place for explacation; nor could she 
be::;itate to accept the protection even of a stranger, w hen the perils 
that surrounded her were so numerous and so dreadful. " I re- 
turn thanks to lIeaven, !5ir," said she," for having made you the 
means of my deliverance; I will rely on your integrity, and thank. 
fully accept your offer of further help. It is highly necessary 
for both your safety and mine, that 1 should return to Bagdad un- 
noticed; but the dress I wear will attract the attention of the 
people. '\Ve must contrive to manage this matter first, and when 
we ttrrive..tt your house 1 will fully acquaint you with my situption." 
Afer a short deliberation, Ganem drew the chest out of t
e pit, 
which he filled up. lIe then placed it in a part of the enclo::;nre 
where it was least likely to be observed; and having persuaded 
the lady to lie down in it a.gain, he co,.ered it over with loose 
boughs, and went into the city; he hired the first muleteer he saw, 
and returning to the burial-place, assisted him to place the chest 
on the hack of the mule, gi ving him SOUle plausible reason for 
having deposit
d it there. The muleteer was not very curious; 
he ca.rr.ied the chest to the merchant's house, and having received 
his hire, went, well satisfied ahout his business. 
Ganem hastened to release the lady; he put her in possession ot 
his best apartments, and then left her to repose. Returning some 
hours after, he presented her wi.th two female slaves, which be 
had bought to attend her, and led her to a table covered with 
tbe choicest dainties. The lady by this time was much re- 
covered, and }JY the lively sallies of her wit, completed the con- 
quest of Ganem's heart. The yöung merchant had not before felt 
the power of love, but now suffered it to take the most entire pos- 
session of his soul. 
-\Vhen they had dined, and the slaves were '3'ithdrawn, Ganem, in 
reaehing over some fruit to his guest, observed some gold letter Q on 
the ed
e of her -weil, which he requested she would explain. 
,: Read them,.' 
a.id she, taking off her veil," they will serve to in 



ENTERT AI!'iMENTS. 


235 


troduce my story to you." The young merchant was so delighted 
with the admirable beauty of his guest, that for some moments he 
forgot to look at the veil he held in his hand; !Jut when he read 
the words, he was covered with confusion, for they implied that the 
wearer was Letrothed to the illustrious calil)h lIa.roun Alraschid. 
" Alas! madam," said Ganem, " I have rescued you from the grave, 
and these words 011 your veil condemn rue to it." 
The lady, without noticing this sally of her deJiverer, proceeded 
to acquaiut him with her story. " My name," said she," it) Fewah, 
which si
llÌfiés a storm, and was given rue because it was predicted 
at my Lil'th, 
hat the sight of me would occasion many calamities. 
I was, very early in my life, introduced into the palace of the 
caliph, who wus so taken with me, tbat he presented rue this veil; 
and had before now added me to the number of his wives, bad not 
bis presence been required to quell an insurrection in a distant part 
of his dominions. Tbe partiality of the caliph ra.ised me many 
enemies; the chief of whom is Zobeide, his first wife, and tor a 
1011g time his Ü1Yorite. This violent woman bas taken advantage 
of his abscllce; !5he has causûd my sla.,-es to adllliui8ter a sleepy 
potion to me, and during its effect, dispo!5ed of me in a manner you 
was witnel:)s to. 'Yhen the caliph returns, he will, I am sure, 
amply reward the service you ha\'e done me; but till then, it is ne- 
Ce8!5a.ry tbat I should remain in tbe utmost privacy; as should 
ZolJeide know that I had been delivered, she would not only de,.;troy 
me, but you would also fhU a sacrifice to bel' cruelty and revenge 
for having preserved me." 
"\Yhen Fetnah had finished ber narrative, the young merchant re- 
plied, with a sigh, " Ah! madam, your story has pluuged me in tbe 
deepest despair. I had presumed to encourage hopes that I must 
for ever renounce. I will preserve you here in seeret for your il- 
lustrious lover. I cannot cease to adore you, Lut will never again 
presume to hiut my passion to you. I know too well my duty to 
tbe commander of :he faithful, and that 'what belongs to the 
master, is forbidden to the slave.' " 
From this time Ganem waited on the lady with the most respect4 
ful attention. . lIe never Buffered a word to escape him' on the Bub- 
ject of his passion for her, but his eyes and actiol1B cOl1tinu
lny 
spoke for him. Fetnah, who had no affection for the caliph, cculd 
not reBist the attractions of 0. bandsome young man, who had been 
t!o materially her benefactor, and wbose love for her was ullqueR. 



236 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


tionable. She devoted her whole heart to him; yet they were both 
restrained by a sense of duty to the commander of the faitbful from 
coming to an explanation, Ganem often repeating, "w hat belongs to 
the master is forbidden to the slave." 
But though no expressiolls of affection escaped the lips of either 
of the lovers, yet they passed every hour together which was not 
devoted to indispensable avocations. When they were for a little 
time thus divided, Fetnah coullted the hours of Ganem's absence, 
and he flew with rapture to her presence as soon as he could de- 
spatch his business. Several months glided away in this mauneI'. 
At length the young merchalit growillg impatient, began to drop 
hints, inviting his lovely guest to retire with him to Damascus, and 
unite her fate with his. Fetnah had almost determined to accept 
his offer, when a little female vanity, and a well-founded but in- 
discreet indignation, put an end to all Ganem's hopes, and plunged 
them both into very severe calamities. 
Fetnah could not bear that Zobeide should triumph in the suc- 
ccss of her barbarous arts. 'Vithout considering the consequences 
to herself or her protector, she determined to lay before the caliph 
the wickedness of that princess. She requested Ganem to inquire 
if the commander of the faithful was returned, and whether any 
notice was taken of her supposed dea.th. 
Ganem conducted these inquiries with great dexterity. He learnt 
that immediately after her haying be
m disposed of in the burial- 
place, a report of her death had been industriously spread all OV'3l" 
the city; that Zobeide had celebrated her obsequies with great 
pomp, and had erected a mausoleum to receive the body, where 
lighted candles were perpetually burning, and every ceremony per- 
formed which custom bad appointed for the illustrious dead. 
lIe heard further, that the caliph had returned to Bagdad more 
than a month; that on hiB arrival he had expressed the utmost Bor- 
row for the loss of his beloyed "Fetnah; that he caused the cere- 
monies to be repeated with still greater magnificence, and that they 
were still continued. Prayers and the AlcOl.an were recited, and 
the caliph, attended by his officers in the deepest mourning, every 
day moistened the earth that covered the phantom ot hiB love, with 
his tears. 
Fetllah, on receiYing this report. drew up a relation of all that 
had befallen her. This, Ly the help of Ganem, she contrived to lay 
before the caliph. Hal'oun read the account of his favorite's suf- 



ENTERT...\IX)lENTS. 


237 


Cm.ings with surprise and tenderness, and with indignation against 
Zobeide. But toward the close of her narrative, Fetnah had en. 
1arged a little too much on the care which Ganem took of her. 
The manner al
o ill which she spoke of her deliverer, betrayed to 
the jealous prince the state of her heart! 
" Is it so 1'
 exclaimed the enraged caliph; "the perfidious wretch 
has been four months with a young merchant, and dares to boast 
of the respect he rays her. Thirty days are past since my return 
to Bagdad, and she now bethinks herself of telling me this news. 
Ungrateful creature! while I have passed the hours in bewailing 
her, she has spent them in betraying me. Go to, let us take re. 
venge on the false woman, and on that bold youth who affronts 
me." 
The caliph immediately despatched Giafar with orders to level 
Ganem's habitation to the ground, and to bring him and Fetnah 
prisoners to the palace. The grand vizier had no difficulty in 
fiuding out the house of the young merchant, which chanced to 
stand detached from any other. He ordered his troops to surround 
it, that neither he nor Fetnah might escape. 
The instant Fetnah saw the soldiers pOt;ting in a circle round her 
asylum, she concluded that her memorial to the caliph had been 
attended with effects very different from what she had expected. 
'Ihough not without alarm on her own account, her principal con.. 
cern was for Ganem. lIer influence with the caliph she trusted 
could meet his anger; but to his rage and jealousy, her host, her 
deliverer, would certainly faU a sacrifice. She hastily explained 
to Ganem the nature of their situation, and without listening to his 
desire of staying with her and sharing her fate, she obliged him to 
disguise himself like a slave belonging to an eating-house, and put. 
ting on his head tbe dishes they had just eaten their dinner from, 
she opened the door and dismi
sed him. 
Giafar was advancing to the house when he met Ganem; but 
being deceived by his appearance, he suffered him to pass without 
examination; and the soldiers seeing him go by the grand viÛer un- 
noticed, gave him way also; be got speedily to one of the city gates 
nnd escaped. 
'''"hen the grand vizier cntered the house, he found Fetnah sitting 
in a room where were a number of chests full of the money which 
Ganem had made of his goods. 'I'he minister, in the most gentle 
manner
 c
mmunicated his master's orders to the lady, who de. 



238 


ARABIAN 1\IGHT:S' 


dared herself ready to attend him; but added, that the merchant 
to whom she owed bel' life, had bcen gone above a month to Da- 
mascus. She then besought Giafar to preser'\'e the chests which 
coutained her deliverer's property, which he readily undcrtook to 
do. 
'fhe grand vizier having given orders for destroying the house, 
conducted Fetnah to the palace, and entering the royal preðellcc 
ga,-e the caliI,h an account of his proceedings, IIaroull was so en. 
raged when be found the young merchant had escaped, that he re- 
fused to see Fetnah; he ordered her to be shut up in the dark tower, 
a prison within the walls of the palace, where the attendants oftbe 
caliph were punished when they disobliged him, and where he 
yowed the unfortunatc Fetnah should Pond her days. 
Not satisfisd with this vietim to his fury, the enraged caliph wrote 
to his cousin Zinebi, who held the the kingdom' of Syria as his trib- 
utary, to find out Ganem, if possiblc, and send him a prisoner to 
Bagdad. He ordcred his hOUlse there to be plundered and theu 
razed; and all his nearest relations to be led naked through the 
city for three daYR, after which they were to be banished Damas- 
cus; the citizens, also, were forbidden to give thcm shelter or re- 
lief on pain of death. 
Zinebi, though he received these orders with great regret: knew 
.his duty to the commander of the faithful too ,veIl to delay ol)edi- 
ence. lie went with a few attendants to Ganem's l
onse, where he 
fonnd his mother and sister retired into a dome they had erected at 
a tomb for their beloved relation; of whom, as they had heard 
nothing for a long time, they supposed to be dead. Zinebi, having 
caused the house to be diligently searchpd for Ganem, told the ladies 
in the most gentle manner, that he had incurred the high displeas- 
ure of the caliph, and hinted to them that the resentment of the 
commander of the faithful ht1d extended itself to them. This 
affectionate mother and her daughter were so rejoiced to hear that 
Ganem was alive, that they at first disregarded the severities which 
were denounced against them. Zine bi, moved with their piety, 
took off his robe and covered them with it, to protect them from 
insult; he then led them out, and gave the signal for the mob to 
plunder. Chests full of wealth, :fine Persian and Indian carpets, 
and other rich goods were carried off by the rabble; after which 
the house was levelled with the ground in the presence of the 
afflicted ladies; who, having undergone the first part of their 



ENT}<
l{T.\ I
l\IE
 r:5. 


239 


pun Ìsllment i were conveyed to the palace, where the quecn of 
Zinebi treated them with u,:::I much tcnùerness as she durst 
Thenextday,proclamation was made through the city of Damascus 
of Ganem's offence, and of the further punishment which the caliph 
had orùered to he inflicted on his relations. The citizens heard 
these cruel and unjust cOlllmands with the highest indignation. 
They shut up thpir houses and shops, and avoided the street8 at the 
time the unhappy ladies were led through them. Even the officers 
executed their duty without rigor, and suffered them to wear a loose 
robe of horse-hair which some of their friends had ventured to 
prodde for thelll. 
The scntence heing fulfilled, they were banished the city, and 
the inhabitants strictly forLidden to give them any assistance. 
Notwitlu;tanding thiR injunction, they werc supplied ,vith apparel 
and money by their comp
ssionate neighbors; and left Damascus, 
rejoicing amidst their sufferings, that their beloyed was yet alive. 
'Vhile these matters passed at Damascus, Fctnah continued a close 
prisoner in the dark tower, where she ceased not to bewail the fate 
of her unfortunate deliverer. One night, as the caliph was return- 
ing from an evening perambulation, he passed by the dark tower, 
and overheard Fetnah lamenting her situation. She bewailed the 
ruin of Ganem, and deprecated the wrath of Heaven upon the 
caliph; whom she charged in the most pointed terms with cruelty, 
injustice, and ingratitude. 
This accident caused the caliph to recollect himself. He sent 
for Fetnah, and caused her to relate to him all that had befitllen 
her. She dwelt much on the oLligations she was under to Ganem. 
She praised the respect with ,vhich he had always behaved. "I 
will not conceal from your majesty," continued she,'
 that at first 
he seemed desirous to devote himself to me; but as soon as he heard 
I had the hOnor of being acceptable to you, he exclaimed,' That 
which belongs to the master is forbidden to the slaye.' :From that 
moment 1)iE1 0ehavior was agreeable to such an idea; assiùuous, but 
distant and r('
pectfl11. Notwithstanding which, you, commander 
of tbe faithful, kno'I\T with wbat rigor you have treated him; and 
you will answer for it Lefore the tribunal of Goù." 
Though Haroun ,vas violent in his passions, and sometimes 
a"o 
himself up to tbeir influence too hastily, yet he ImTed justice, aud 
when calm, was open to cOllyiction. lIe regretted exceedingly tho 
5e\Terity he had exercised toward Ganem, and wa
 not displcfiBed 



2.tQ 


ARABIAN NH-;IITS.' 


with the frankness of Fetnah. "At IcaRt," said the humbled 
priuce, "I will meet that awful appeal, with having made every 
relJaration in my power; I will cause his pardon to Le }lubli::;hed 
throughout my dominions, and will amply repay his losses. Thi8 
is due to his innocence, and to compensate for the miseries I have 
caused him apd bis family to suffer, I will give you to him for a 
wife, and make him wealthy beyond his hopes." 
Fetnah returned the caliph thanks for his justice; after which, 
ene was permitted .to return to the apartments which she had for- 
merly possessed in the palace; and she had the satisfaction to find 
there all the chests belonging to Ganem, which the vizier had 
taken care to convey thither. 
Proclamation was made all over the dominions of the caliph, 
declaring the son of Abou Ayoub pardoned, and inviting him to 
return to Bagdad, and. receive the bounty of his sovereign; but a 
long time elapsed without any news of the young merchant. Fet- 
nah became exceedingly ullhapp'y on his account. Besides using- 
every means of inquiry in her power, she went from mOF'que to 
mosque, bestowing almg among the devotees, and soliciting their 
prayers. 
One day, as she was talking with a syndic: to whom she had 
given a large sum to be distributed among the afflicted, he chanced 
to mention two women whom her bounty had enabled him to re- 
lieve when in a state of great distress. He spoke so much in their 
praise, that Fetnah had a desire to see them. They were intro. 
duced to her; and she was so taken with their appearance, that 
she inquired with great tendcrness into the cause of that misery 
from which they had been re8cued by the good syndic. 
" Alas! madam," replied the elder stranger, "a favorite of the 
caliph, whose name was Fetnah, is the cause of 
ll our misfor- 
tunes." 'Ihese words were a thunderbolt to the lacly, who was 
scarcp, a1)le to suppress her emotion, while the st.ran
cr l)rocpcded 
with hel' t;tory, which announeed her the mother of Ganem; and 
her fellow-sufferer to be his sister, the lov('ly Alcolomu. 
By the time she had TInished bel' story, Fetnah was in some de- 
gree recovered. She embraced the parent of her lover. "I am 
that Fetnah," said she, " who caused all your distresses, but I have 
it in my power to make you full amends." She then related to 
the
 all that had befallen her and Ganem; and concluded with 
saJmg, that the caliph was conyinced of her Bon's innocence, and 



ENT:E I
TAL
::\lE
TS. 


241 


impa.t.icnt to rcpair hi
 wrongs. Haying filli::-hcd hcr narrative.. 
she exchanged embraces with them, nnd thcy mutually vowed a. 
lasting friendship. 
,V hen Fetnah was about to withùraw, the syndic recommended 
to her benevolence a young man who had bcen just brought into 
his house. and seemed oppressed with sorrow as well as illness. 
Fetnah, whose heart was more than e\Ter disposed to pity, by the 
affecting interview she had just had, wished to see him. On be- 
holding him, laying on his bed, his eyes closed, his face pale and 
emaciated, she started, and thought that she discovered amidst all 
this wretchedness, the countenance of her beloved Ganem. She 
called hinl so, but the suffercr regarded her 110t. Grieved and im- 
patient, she exclaimed, "How am I deceived! this cannot be Ga- 
llem; the son of Abou Ayoub, ho weycr sick, would kl10W the voice 
of Fetnah." At that name, Ganem (for it was him) opened his 
eyes, and seeing his adored mistresl:3, attempted to speak; but his 
10Y was too great. lIe sunk into a swoon; and the condition to 
which Fetnah was reduced, convinced the syndic it was necessary 
to remove her from the apartment of his patient. 
It was not till several days after, when Ganem was much re. 
covered, that the prudent syndic would suffer another interview 
between the lovers. At length he permitted it; and having prop- 
erly prepared each party, he introduced to him also his mother 
and his sister. After the transports of their mutual joy had in 
some measure subsided, Ganem told them that having escaped to 
an inconsiderable vill&ge, not far from Bagdad, he had continued 
safe among the friendly peasants; but a sickness seizing him, 
caused by his grief and perturbation, which none of them could 
cure, they had sent him to Bagdad, by the camel-driver, in whose 
hands the syndic had found him. 
Ganem'8 mother then related all that had befallen her and AI- 
colomb. Even the presence of his beloved Fetnah could not pre- . 
vent the young merchant from shedding tears at their sufferings. ' 
lIe expressed, also, his apprehensions lest they should fhll into the 
hands of the furiou
 caliph. Fetnah presently removed thoso fcars : 
but when she added that the commandcr of the faithful had de- 
tormined to resign bel' to her loyor, in compensation for his suffer- 
ings, thc joy of Gancm was inexprcf'silJlc. 
The caliph was soon informed by Fetnah that the victims of bis 
former ungovernable ragc were in his capital: the generous prince 
11 



2,12 


ARABIAN NIGHTS. 


reioiced that he l1ad at last an opportunity of making them a 
reparation. He desired Fetnah to lead the ladies to the palace 
privately; but ordered hi
 officers of state to wait on Ganem, awl 
conduct him to the palace, with all the marks of respect conferred 
on persons of the most honorable character. 
This ceremony over, Ganem was presented, together with his 
mother and sister, to the caliph. That prince had the goodne
8 to 
apologize to them for }Vhat had passed. lIe gave Fetnah with his 
own hand to her deserving lover. lIe dismissed Zobeide from his 
throne, and banished her his presence, to punish her cruelty and 
treachery; in her room, he received to his arms the lovely Aleo- 
lomb, whose beauty was adorned with good qualities still more es- 
timable. 


THE HISTORY OF PRINCE ZEYN ALASNAM, AND THE KING OF THE 
GENII. 
A king of Balsora, who possessed great wealth, and was be- 
loved by his suhjects, had no children, which was a great affliction 
to him. He, therefore, made presents to all the holy persons in 
his dominions, to engage them to beg of Heaven to grant him a son. 
Their prayers proved effectual. The queen was happily delivered 
of a prince, who ,,,as named Zeyn Alasnam, which signifies, orna- 
ment of statues. 
The king cnlled all the astrologers of the kingdom to calculate 
the infant's nativity. They found he would live long, and be very 
brave; but that all his courage would be little enough to support 
him through certain difficulties that threatened him. The king 
was not. dismayed at this prediction. c, :My son," said he, "is not 
to be pitied, since he will be l}raye. It is fit that princßs should 
have a taste of misfortune; adversity tries viI'tue, and thence they 
become the fitter to reign." 
As Zeyn grew up, he discovered a very good disposition; and 
by the care of his father, acquir{'d ev('ry accompli8hmcnt. lIe had 
neady attained the age of manhood, when the good old king fell 
[lick and died. 
Zeyn was much affiicted at the death of his futher, whom he 
sincerely loved; hut time moderating his grief, he bpga.n to enjoy 
the pleasures of a throne. lIe entered into aU the follies and yices 
which 80 often mislead young men. lIe was surroundC'd with 
parm;itps. lIe lavished his treasures on unworthy favorites. on 



ENTERT .\IX:\IENTS. 


243 


whom he bestowed also the fir3t aI poiu1;ments in his kingdom; 
find they at once oppressed and insulted his people. 
From this delusion he was awakened hy two circumstances alike 
distres
ing and disgraceful. He foulld his treasures dissipated, and 
his suojects ripe for a revolt. By disll1i

ing his worthless COIn- 
panions, and wholly reforming his conduct, he appeased his people; 
but the waste of his wealth could not be recalled; and the recol- 
lection of his prodigality, rendered him very unhappy. 
'Vhile these thoughts had posses:;iol1 of his mind, he dreamt 
one night, that a venerable old man came toward him, and said, 
"Yon know, Zeyn, that joy and sorrow generally succeed each 
other. If you would put an end to your present affliction, get up ; 
Bet out for Egypt, and go to Grand Cairo; a greater fortune at- 
tends you there, than you have lately dissipated." 
1'he prince, when he awoke in the morning, refleeted on his 
dreams very seriously. He resolved at length to set out for Cairo. 
This determination made it necessary to comm it the government 
of the kingdom to his mother, who tried in vain, by serious argu- 
ment and by ridicule, to stop his journey on so chimerical a busi- 
ness; but the appearance of the old man had made 80 great an 
impression on Zeyn, that he was fully persuaded his dream was 
supernatural. Ilaving therefore di
posed of his affairs, he set out 
one night, very privately, and took the road to Cairo, without Buf- 
fering any person to attend him. 
After much fatigue he arrived at that famous city. Being 
spent with weariness, he lay down at the gate of a mosque, and 
fell asleep; wIlen he saw the same old man" ho said to him, "I 
am well pleased, my son, that you have given credit to my words. 
I have put you on this long journey to try if you had resolution. 
I find you deserve I should make you the richest man in the wor ld. 
Return to Balsora, and yon shall fiud immense wealth in your 
I palace" 
The prince was not well pleased with this dream. He deter- 
mined to return immediately, and rejoiced that he had kept his 
journey a Becret from everybody but the queen, his mother. 
When he arrived at his palace, that discreet princess did not re. 
prove or laugh at him, but rather consoled him under his disap- 
pointment; and advised him to abstain from all excesses in future, 
and turn his thoughts to the good order of his kingdom, and the 
ha
piness of his subjects. 



244 


A HAßIAN NIGHTS' 



eyn was much relieved by this conversation. He retired te 
r"'st. when he aO'.Ún saw the old lllall in a dream, who said to 
" , 0 
11Ïm J " The time of your prosperity is now corne, brave Zeyn. As 
soon as you rise ill the morning take a pick-axe, and dig in your 
father's closet; you will there find immense tremmre." 
In the morning he hastencd to the qucen's apartment, and with 
much earl1estne
s told ber his new dream. His mother, finding he 
again placed confidence in the vision, laughed at him. "Go," said 
she, " search your father's closet diligently; one comfort is, that 

 work is not so toilsome as a journey to Egypt." 
. The young man withdrew, abashed. He went, notwithstanding 
to the late killg'S closet, álld shutting himself in, removed the 
pavement. lIe proceeded to dig till he not only fatigued himself, 
but began to despair; when he discovered a stone, and under it a 
door, which covered a staircase of white marble. lIe desctjnded 
into a room, in each corner of 'which there stood ten large urns of 
porphyry stone. The prince supposed they were full of wine, but 
on examining them, was agreeably surprised to find they all con- 
tained gold coin; a handful of which he carried to the queen. 
'rhat princess was astonished at this account. Zeyn conducted 
her to the chamber where the urns 
'ere; and as she was observ- 
ing everything with attention. !3he espied a very small urn of the 
same stone, which the prince had not taken notice of. On search- 
ing it, they found only a small gold key. "My son," said the 
queen, "tbis key certainly will lead us to some other treasure. 
Let us look about; perhaps we may discover the use it is de- 
signed for." 
After a diligent scarch, they discovered a kpy-hole in one of 
the panels of tbe wainscot. Zeyn tried tbe key, which opened a 
door that led to another chamber, in which were nine pedcstals of 
massy gold. On eight of these stood statues as large as life, each 
formed of an entire diamond, of the most admirable workmanship. 
'.rhe ninth pedestal redoubled their amazement. It was covered 
with a piece of white satin, on which were these words: "l\Iy son, 
it caused me much toil to get these statues; they are, as you see, 
exqui 
itely l)eautiful, and of immense value. But know, there is 
a ninth which sur p asses them all. that alone is worth a thousand 
, , 
such as these. ,\
 ould you obtain this inestimable jewel, go to 
Cairo; and submit yourself to the instruction of an old slave of 
mine, Darned 1\lorabec, whom yon will find without difficulty" 



ENTERT AIN:\IENrs. 


245 


Zeyn instantly dee lared his intention of going in searoh of this 
Jewel, and the queen now applauded his determinatiun. Having 
secured the treasure they had found, the prince made ready his 
equipage; and atteuded by a few t5laves, set off fur Cairo. 
lIe sOOn found l\loraLec, whu lived in great splendor. Zeyn re- 
lated to him all that had befallen him; which, when 
lorabec 
had heard, he fell at his feet. "I am convinced," said he," from 
your account that you are the son of my royal mastðr; and as I 
never recei ,,'ed my freedom from him, I, aud all that I posse8s are 
yours." "I now," replied Zeyn, " give you your freedom, and re- 
nounce all right to your wealth. I ask ill return, that you will 
zealously assist me till I have gaiued the nillth statue." 
l\lorabec gratefully acknowledged the prince's generosity, and 
promised to attend him. "The enterprise," I::mid he, " will abound 
with danger and fatigue. Uepose yourself here for some time, 
and we will then undertake it." ZeJll reluctantly complied, but 
after a very little while he became impatient. "I came not to 
Cairo," said he, to his friends, "to indulge lllJself ill rest and 
amusements; but to obtain the ninth statue." 
lorabec praised 
his spirited disposition, and ordered a proper equipage to be got 
ready; the prince and he then performed an ablution, and the 
prayer which is called Farz; after which they set out. 
After several days' travelling they arrived at a delicious grove, 
where l\lorabec cam,ed the whole company to alight. Zeyn and 
he delivered their horses to the care of their attendants, whom they 
ordered to await their return. They set forward on foot, and as 
they proceeded, l\lorabec cautioned the prince to call forth all his 
courage. "Weare now," said he "approaching the dreadful place 
where the ninth statue is kept, and shall very soon come to a 
lake. "Then we draw near the banks of it, you will see a boat 
approach, which is enchanted, and belongs to the king of the genii. 
'Ve shall be taken into this boat, and ferried over the lake; but 
you must be careful not to express the least fear at the sight of 
the waterman, however hideous he may be, nor must you utter 80 
single word while we are emLarked, or the Loat will instantly 
sink." 
Zeyn promised an exact obedience to the8e injunctions. They 
presently came to the lake, and found the boat ready to receive 
them. It was made of red sanderA, had a mast of amller, and a. 
satin flag; but the waterman was monstl'OUl:) and terrible. lIe 



.. 


246 


ARABIAN l\"1GHTS' 


had the head of an elephant, and the body of a tiger. Zeyn dre\1 
Ileal' with great intrepidity. He lifted the prince first, and then 
1tIorabec into his boat with his trunk; conveyed them over the 
lake in a moment; and putting them on shore in the same man- 
ner, immedia.tely vanished. 
" Now," said Morabec, " we may talk; I congratulate you on that 
fortitude and self-command, which you have displayed, and for 
which you will soon have still greater occasion. "\Ve are now on 
an island which belongs to the king of the genii. Look around 
you, and enjoy, as we go forward, the surpassing.beauties of this 
delightful place." Zeyn saw. with admiration the enchanting 
prospect. The fields were finely disposed, and adorned with all 
Borts of odoriferous plant/:! and flowers; the trees were laden with 
the most delicious fruit; the air was uncomlllonly soft and pleas- 
ant; and the harmonious songs of numberless birds, many of 
which WE're peculiar to that island, enlivened the beautiful scenes 
around them. The prince, though very greatly pleased with 
what he beheld, urged his companion to hasten forward on the 
great business they had undertaken. . 
At length they came, to a palace built of emeralds; before the 
gate, 
hich was of massy gold, there stood a company of genii, who 
guarded the entrance with clubs of China steel. The sight of these 
terrific sentinels did not in the least check the ardor of the prince; 
he was pressing forward. when l\Iorabec caught him by the hand, 
and told him that something more t.han human virtues or talents 
was now necessary. He then drew from a purse four long stripes 
of yellow taffety; one he put about his middle and the other on his 
back, giving the remaining two to the prince, who did the same 
with them. 
Iorabec then spread two large cloths on the ground, 
and sprinkling the borders of them with precious stones, musk, and 
amber, he seated himself in the midst of one of them, and directed 
Zeyn tc place himself in the same manner on the other. " I will 
now," said he, "conjure the king of the genii, who lives in the pal- 
ace before us, that he may come to us peaceably. I am not with- 
out apprehension as to the reception he may choose to give us. If 
our cominp: here is displeasing to him, he will appear in the shape 
of a horrilJle monster; in which case you must sit still and keep au 
entire silence, not suffering the least sound to escape you. If he is 
fft.vorably disposed toward us, he wiL come in the shape of a hand. 
Born a young man. You will then, as soon as he appears, rise and 



. 


E
TERT AIXMENTS. 


247 


salute him with all possible respect, and tell him th
 business which 
brings you hither. But take especial care not to step off your cloth, 
or you will certainly perish.:' 
Morabec, having thus instructed the prince, began his conjura- 
tion. Immediately their eyes were dazzled with a flash of light- 
ning, which was followed by most tremendous thunder; the whole 
island was covered with a hideous darkness; a storm of wind blew; 
a dreadful cry was heard: and the island was shaken by an earth- 
quake, such as Asrayel is to cause on the day of judgment. 
The steady soul of the prince was a little startled at these awful 
appearances, which he began to consider as very ill omens. Mora- 
bec perceived what passed in his mind, and assured him that all 
was well. At that instant the king of the genii appeared, as a very 
handsome man, yet there was a sternness in his air. 
As soon as Prince Zeyn had paid his compliments and related 
what he came in search of, the king of the genii, smiling, answered: 
"l\ly son, I loved your fathe
 and have DO less kindness for you. 
The statues you fuund were presented to him by llle; alld I prom- 
ised him to receive you into my protection. I caused him to write, 
a few days before he died, that which you read on the piece of 
white satin. i appeared to you in your dreams as an old man and 
have been the cause of all that hath happened to you. I intend to 
give you what you seek, if you prove worthy of it; and the test 
must be this. You must engage on your oath to find out a maid 
in her fifteenth year, who has never known man, or desired to do 
BO. She must be perfectly beautiful; and you so much master of 
yourself, as not even to wish to deprive me of her, but you must 
yourself conduct her hither." 
Prince Zeyn took without hesitation the oath that was required 
of him. "But, sir," said he, ,: how shall I know when I have met 
with such a maid 1" "It is true," replied the king of the genii, 
" that know ledge is above the sons of Adam. Take therefore this 
looking-glass; if, on the maid looking at it, it appears sullied, it 
will be a certain sign that she has not been always undefiled, or, at 
least, that she has wished to cease being so. You have now a cer- 
tain criterion. Be diligent in your search, and forget not the oath 
you have takln; but fulfil it, as becomes a man of honor." 
The king of the genii hf.tving delivered the mirror to Zeyn, gave 
him and 
Iorahec permission to depart. They returned to t
e 
b,ke; the waterman with the elephant's head brought his boat and 




 


2-18 


ARABIAN 
îGll'.rS' 


ferried them over; they joined their servants and returned to 
Cairo. 
\Vhen the prince had rested a few days, he began to a.pply him- 
self diligellt1y to perform his engagement with the king of the geuii. 
By the assistance of an intriguing old woman, whom .:\Iorabec in- 
troduced to him, Zeyn obta.ined aCCl
SS to all the beautiful young 
women in the court and city of Cairo. lIe saw nlany of the mu
t 
exquisite beauty; but when he consulted his mirror, the fatal touch- 
stone of their virtue, it always appeared sullied. 
Zeyn, thus disappointed, resolved to seek elsewhere for that i 
purity which ,vas not to be found in Cairo. lIe travelled to Bag- 
dad, attended by 1\loraLec; anù as he wished to be much known, 
to forward his inquiries, took a handsome palace, and lived in 
splendor. 
There resided in that quarter of the city an imam, whose name 
was Boubekir, a vain, haughty, envious old man; he hated the 
rich only because he was poor; and under the appearance of an 
austere and rigid virtue he indulged his ill-nature in railing at the 
luxury of those who were in prosperous circumstances. By this 
hypocrisy, and by often haranging the people, when in the mosque; 
he had acquired considerable influence, which he used with llluch 
art, to gratify the malignity of his disposition. 
The magnificence of Prince Zeyn soon rendered him obnoxious 
to the imam, which was increased by the prince taking no notice of 
him. Boubekir took an opportunity of addressing the people oue 
evening after prayers; and by !3ly insinuations, and charges half- 
Imppressed. he irritated them agaillst the spendthrift stranger as 
he called him. He hinted the necessity of giving notice to the 
couhcil of Zeyn's manner of living, lest, if anything should be 
proved against him, the caliph should be displeased with their in- 
attention. In short, he so cajoled the assembly, that they agreed 
to pre
ent a memorial against Zeyn to the council; and gave 
directions to BOll bekir to prepare it. 
Fortunately, l\Iorabec was at prayers, and remained unnoti
ed 
among the crowd; he heard all that passed. He immediately 
hastened home; and putting fi\Te hundred pieces of gold into a 
purse, he went to the house of the imam. Boubekir received him 
'With his usual austerity, and surlilv asked what he wanted. "Doc- 
tor," replied 1\lorabec , with an oblicrinO' air and at the same time 
ð ð , 
putting the lJ U l'8e into his hand, "I am your neighbur and yo llt 



EN .rERTAIN.1IENTS. 


2'.!
 


eervant; I come from Prince Zeyn. who lives just by; he has 
heard of your worth, and desires the pleasure of your acquaint- 
ance." As soon as the purse reached the hand of the imam, his 
rigor melted away. "Be pleased, sir," said he, "to beg the prince's 
pardon for me; I mu ashamed I have not yet been to wait on him, 
but I will atone for that fault to-morrow." 
N ext day, after morning prayer, Boubekir said to the assembly, 
"You know, brethren, that no man is without enemies; and that 
envy always pursues the fortunate and meritorious. The stranger 
I spoke to you about yesterday, is no ill man, as some malicious 
people would have -persuaded me, but a young prince, possessed of 
many virtues. It would be dangerous as well as indecent, for us 
to make a bad report of him to the caliph." 
Boubekir having thus done away the unfavorable impression he 
had himself mado on the people concerning Zeyn, waited on the 
TJrince, who gave him a courteous reception. J\'Iorabec, judging 
that sllch a busy man was likely to know the character of his 
fellow-citizens, advised Zeyn to acquaint the imam with the search 
he was making; nor was he mistaken. 'Yhen Boubekir heard the 
relation, he cried out, that "if there was such a virgin in the world, 
he knew her." In fact, the imam now became Zeyn's zealous ad- 
herent, introduced the prince to a young lady, the daughter of 
a vizier, whose beuuty ast9nished the young king of Balsora; and, 
on pulling out his mirror, to try if the maid was as chaste as fair, 
he had the satisfaction to find it remained unsullied. 
Zeyn having at last succeeded in his difficult. search, demanded 
the young lady of her father in marriage. The vizier gladly con- 
sented; and the nuptials were celebrated with splendor. Zeyn 
loaded his new father-in-law with the most costly presents; nor 
was Boubekir forgotten. "\Vhen the company were dismissed, 
1\-10rabec advised his master to set out immediately for Cairo, and 
to proceed with all diligence t.o the island of the king of the genii. 
Zeyn did not listen to this advice with his usual complacency. 
l\Iorabec found him strangely balancing whether he should keep 
bis engagement with that king, or conduct his charming bride to 
Balsora in defiance of him. In vain 
Iora.bec pleaded the value of 
the ninth statue, which would reward his fidelity; in vain he de. 
8cribed the power of the king, and cautioned the prince to dread 
the consequence of his disobedience. The charms of the lovely 
virgin had ta.ken too full possession of his heart for him to be 
11* 



250 


ARA BIAN NIGHTS' 


allured by avarice, or intimidated by danger; and the thought of 
sacrificing her to a genie, oppressed him with grief and indignation. 
But to the call of honor, and to the sanctity of an oath, Zeyn 
coulù not refuse to listen. l\lorabec pointed out these obligations, 
anù adjured the prince to subdue his passions, and fulfil his engagc- 
DlCnt. " -VYell, then/' exclaimed he, " I yield to these cruel obliga- 
tions; let us set out with all baste for this fatal island; and do 
you conceal the lovely maid from my sight. Perhaps I have 
" . 
already seen too much of her. 
They set out accordingly, Zeyn carefully refraining from the 
sight of his bride all the way. On their arrival at the island, it 
ùecame necessary to acquaint the young lady with her dC!:3tination. 
The grief and despair she expressed, on receiving the information, 
was a new and severe trial of the prince's fortitude. lIe per- 
severed, notwithstanding, and presented her to the king of the 
genii. The sovereign of spirits, having gazed at her for some time 
very earnestly, ordered his attendants to convey her into the castle, 
and turning to Zeyn, who could scarcely conceal his distress, the 
king commcnded his integrity and resolutioTI. "I am," said he, 
"fully satisfied with your behavior. Return to your dominions; 
and when you enter the subterraneous room, where the eight statues 
al'e, you shall find the ninth, which I promised you." 
Zeyn coldly thanked the king of the gcnii ; and having taken 
leave of him, returned to Balsora. He approached his capital, 
overwhelmed with affliction for the loss of his bride; and unceas. 
ingly condemning himself for having been the cause of her mis- 
fortune. 
On his arrival, he went directly to give his mother an account 
of his journey. She was in raptures to hear he had obtained the 
ninth statuc. "Let us go, my son," said she, "and Bee it imme- 
diately; no doubt it is alrcady in the chamber underground, since 
the king of the genii promised you should find it there." 
Though Zeyn's desire of possessing the ninth statue was much 
abated, or rather forgotten, through his excessive grief, yet he had 
too much reApcct for his mother to delay attending her to the sub- 
terraneous apartment; but how great was their wonder, whcn, 
instead of a diamond statue, they found 0 n the ninth pedestal a 
most beautiful virgin, whom the prince knew to be the same he 
had conducted to the isl
nd of the genii. Before they could re- 
cover their surprise, a loud clap of . thunder shook the palace, and 
the king of the genii appeared before them. 



E...Yl'EHT
\IN}IENTS. 


2.31 


Zeyn's mother was much terrified, but the king sOOn dispelled 
her fear. " l\Iadam," said he to her, "I protect and h>ye your son; 
yet it was proper I should try whether he deserved my partiality, 
before I gave him the best gift in my power. I had the plcasul'e 
to fiud him pos8e
sed of many and great virtues; mid though I 
knew he did not punctually keep hi
 word with me, I am too well 
acquainted with the frailty of human nature to wonder that the 
charms of this heautiful virgin made him wayer in his fidelity." 
Then turning to the prince, he said, "Live happy, Zeyn. with this 
young lady, who is your wife; loye her, and her only, and I will 
be answerable for her fidelity. This-this is the ninth statue, 
which I designed for you, and it is infinitely more precious than all 
the rest; for be assured, there is nothing on earth to be compared 
with a virtuous and lovely woman." 


THE HISTORY OF CODADAD AND HIS BROTHERS. 
There reigned formerly in the city of Harran, a king called 
Zaphnah. lIe was beloved by his subjects, and wanted nothing to 
complete his happiness but an heir. Though he had many of the 
finest women in his seraglio, yet he was destitute of children. 
He continually prayed to Heaven for them, and one night the 
prophet appeared to him in his sleep and said," Zaphnah, thy 
prayers are heard, and thou hast obtained thy desires. Go into 
thy garden when thou wakest; gather a pomegranate, and eat as 
many seeds as thou choosest, and thy wishes shall be accomplished. 
In the morning, the. king obeyed these directions. Having re- 
turned thauks to Heaven, he went into the garden, where he took 
fifty pomegranate seeds, which he counted and ate. Zaphnah had 
fifty wives, who all of them shortly after proved with child, though 
one of them, named Pirouze, showed no appearance of it. The 
king was so disgu8tcd with her on tllis account, that he deter- 
mined to put her to death. But his vizier, who had great influ- 
ence m"er him, and was vcry humane, interceded so strongly for 
her, that Zaphnah suffered himself to be overcome. "lIeI' barren- 
ness," said he, "is a mark of the displeasure of Heaven. Let her 
live but let her depart my court. :My cousin, the prince of Sa- 
maria, shall receive her. If she is with child, let me know it 011 
her delivery; if lOt, let me never hear her name again." 
Ph-ouze was sent accordingly to the court of Samaria. In due 
time, the other nine-and-forty ladieE! were each delivered or Q 



252 


.AHAll.J.AN NIGHTS' 


prince, and whilð Zaphnah waR rejoicing at these events, ne"rEj ar 
dved that Pirouze bad also produced a son, whose beauty the 
prince of Samaria praised in the highest terms. 
Though Za phnah was much pleased at the birth of his fiftieth 
Bon, yet being ashamed of the severity with which he had treated 
his mother, he determined not to recall her to Harran. He sent her 
compliments of congratulation; but at the same time, desired hiB 
cousin would give the child the name of Codadad, and carefully 
Buperintend his education; Bufficiently showing by these orders 
that he did not intend soon to recall P Ïrouze and her son to his 
court. 
The prince of Samaria performed his office with the greatest 
attention. Codadad, under his tuition, became one of the most 
accomplished of princes. As he grew up, he began to be impa- 
tient to visit his father's court, and finding, when he had reached 
his eighteenth year, that Zaphnah expressed no desire to see him, 
he threw himself at his mother's feet, and besought her permis- 
Bion to go to Harran. "I will present m'yself," said he, "to my 
royal father, without discovering myself to him. I. will offer hin1 
my services; possibly I may be so fortunate as to merit his esteem; 
and he will then receive me as his son without reluctance." 
Pirouze approved of his resolution, and Codadad left Samaria 
accordingly. '\Vhen he arrived at the city of Harran, be offered 
his services to the king. Zaphnah, struck with his appearance, 
and perhaps moved by a natural sympathy in his favor readily ac- 
cepted of them. It was not long before Codadad had an oppor- 
tunity to signalize his bravery in such a manner, as to gain the 
high approbation of the king, and the applause of the whole 
army; nor were his other talents less conspicuous, Zaphnah's 
affection for him increased daily. He admired his discourse, ever 
full of wit and wisdom; and at length, to show how much he ap- 
proved of his admirable talents, be appointed the young stranger 
governor of his forty-nine sons, though he was apparently of the 
Bame age with themselves. 
The pdnces had before seen, with a jealous eye, the progress 
Codadad daily maùe in their father's favor This appointment in. 
creased their envy and hatred. r.(hey received him with the ap- 
pearance of respect, but had already planned his destruction. 
After a few days they came together to their new governor, 
and requested hiB permis8ioll to take a day'B hunting; resolving 



ENTE [n AIN'lE
TS. 


2,33 


to go to some other city, and stay there, in hope that their father 
would revenge their supposed loss on his new favorite, and put 
him to death. Codadad granted their request; but was much 
surprised to find that none of them returned in the evening. His 
alarm increased when the next day and the day following passed, 
and the princes still continued absent. On the fourth day the 
king inquired of Codadad where his sons were, and why he had 
not seen them for several days. The unfortunate governor was 
obliged to tell the truth. Zaphnah, as the prince8 had foreseen, 
was exceedingly enraged. "Is it thus, indiscreet stranger," said 
he, " that you be
in to discharge the important trust I have com- 
mitted to you 1 Go, find my sons immediately, or expect to feel 
the utmost weight of my resentment." 
Codadad, though much afflicted, thought himself fortunate to 
have escaped 80 well out of the king's presence. He went home, 
and having armed himself, and put on the disguise of a shepherd, 
he left the city, and set forward in search of his brothers. 
After many days spent in vain, he arrived at. a plain of great 
extent, in the middle of which was a palace of black marble. 
When he drew near, he saw at one of the windows a most beau- 
tifullady. who was evidently in great affliction. As soon as she 
Baw him, she called out, Baying, "Alas, young man! get away as 
fast as possible from this fatal place, or you will fall into the 
hands of the monster who inhabits it. A cruel black giant, who 
feeds chiefly on human flesh, resides in this palace: he seizes on 
all persons whose ill fortune conducts them to this plain, and 
shuts them up in his dark dungeon; whence they are never let 
out, but to be devoured by him." 
Codadad was very anxious to know who his fair informer was, 
and whether he could not release her out of the castle. "I fell 
into the hands of this barbarian yesterday only," replied she. 
" He destroyed my servants, but saved me, I fear, for a more 
dreadful fate. You, generous stranger, can yield me no assistance. 
Fly with all speed; the monster is not far off; and you will 00 
fortunate if your utmost haste can save you." 
She had scarce uttered these words, when the black appeared. 
Ho was a man of enormous size and dreadful aspect, mounted on 
a mighty Tartn.r horse, and wore such a large and weighty scime- 
tar, that no one but himself could use it. The prince was a good 
deal startled at hiB appearance, but drew hiB scimetar, and stood 



254 


ARAB! \N r\l(
IITS 


nuon his defence. 1'he giant, despising so weak an adversary, 
called out to him to surrender, with a mixture of real scorn and 
affected gentleness; but Coùadad soon convinced him he was no 
de
pica,ble enemy; for running brh:kly up to him; he gave him a 
violent cut on the knee. The black, feeling himself wouuded gave 
such a dreallful"shriek, as made all the plain resound. He grew 
enraged, foamed at the mouth, and raising himl'elf in his stirrups, 
struck at Codadad with his dreadful Bcimetar, which must have 
destroyed hiin, if he had not with great dexterity avoidesl it. The 
scimetar made a great hissing in the air; but before the giant 
could l'ecoyer himself, the prince aimed a noble blow at his right 
arm, and cut it off. The scimetar fell with the hand that held it; 
and the giant losing his seat through the extremity of the pain, 
made the earth quake with his fitll. Codadad ran up to him, and 
completed the victory by chopping oft' his enemy's head. The 
lady, who had been a spectator of the combat, seeing the giant 
destroyed, gave a shout for joy; and then called out to the con- 
queror to search the pockets of the slain, and secure the keys of 
the castle. 
Codadad having followed her advice, opened the first door, 
where the la.dy met him, and would have embraced his knees for 
her deliyerance, but he preyented her. He had now leisure to 
contemplate her beauty; and was rejoiced that he had been able 
to do 80 eRsential a service to so lovely a woman. Their conver- 
sation wås interrupted by dismal cries and groans. Codadad 
looked round to find whence they proceeded, when the laJy point- 
ing to a little door, said, "There is the place where a number of 
unhappy men are confined, who were destined for the food of 
the cruel wretch you have destroyed. Every day he drew out 
one to be devoured." "It is an addition to my joy," replied the 
prince; " that I am the means of saving so many unfortunate per- 
suns from such a dreadful end. Come with me; madam, and share 
in the pleasure of giving them their liberty." 
Codadad went accordingly to the little door, when the prince 
put a key into the lock, which proved to be a wrong one. All 
the prisoners, supposing it was the giant, sent forth groans and 
lamentations. Codada.d made hnste to change the key, and having 
open(>d the door, descended among them. lIe began to unchain 
those who were nearest to him, and made them undm'stand that he 
had slain their enemy, and was come to set them free. As the 
report spread among the pri1-l0nf'r8
 shouts of R Vf'J'Y different na- 



El't"TERTADG\[EXT8. 


2.:'\5 


turc rent the cavern. Those first unchained Bet free others, and in 
a very little time they were all at liLerty; and, leaving the dun- 
geon, ascended joyfully to light and life. 
1Yhen they wcre come into the court, they returned thanks to 
thcir deliverer, in tenns becom.ing those who had received 80 great 
a Lencfit. Codaùad'l:! joy was unbounded, when he fouud among 
the prisoners the nine-and-forty princes, his brothers. lIe em- 
braced them with the siucere!:!t affection; not withont anxiety till 
he found everyone of them was I:!afe; and they on their part gave 
their deli
erer all the prail:!es he deserved. 
The slave:s of the giant, when they found their master was slain, 
fled away through by-paths, known only to themselves. Cododad 
found the castle filled with the wealth the giant had plundered 
from the caravans. All this treasure he divided nmong the pris- 
oners, W' ho found horses and camels in the stables sufficient to 
carry away the merchandise; and having again returned thanks 
to their generous benefactor, every man set forward on his re- 
turn home. 
When they were gone, Codadad asked the lady what place she 
designed to go to; offering to conduct her wherever she chose. "I 
urn," replied she, " of a country far remote hence; and must own 
to you I have left that country forever. After the obligations I 
owe you, sir," addre
sing herself to Codadad, ., I will not conceal 
my situation frolll you. I am a killg's datghter. A usurper bas 
posscssecl himself of my father's throne, after having murdered 
him; alid I have been forced to fly for my life." 


THE HISTORY OF THE PRINCESS OF DER Y ABAR. 
" There is, in a certain island, a great city called Deryabar. It 
was long governed by a poti)nt and virtuous king, whose daugh- 
ter I am. 
"X ot many years afier my birth as he was hunting, he espied a 
wild ass which he chased. Being an eager sportsman, be outrode 
his company, and pursued his game alone till night drew on. He 
then alighted, ahd took shelter at the ed
e of a wood. "
hell it 
became dark he discoyered a fire at some distance among the trees, 
which made him conclude some village was not far off. But he 
found the light proceeded from a large fire, kindled in an open 
hIlt, in which sat a dreadful giant. He had a large pitcher of win& 
before him, and was roasting a bullock whole, from wnich he llhW 



256 


ARABIA,N NIGHT::;' 


aud then cut slices to eat them. In another part of the hut there 
8at a beautiful woman, seemingly absorbed in grief; her ha.nds 
were bound, and at her feet lay a child of two or three years 
old 
- ltly father contemplated this scene with indignation; but the 
giant was evidently too powerful to be coped with by him alone, 
and 110 other means of delivering the prisoners occurred to him at 
that moment. 'Vhile he meditated on these matters, the giant 
ha dug emptied the pitcher, and devoured about half of the bul- 
lock, turned to the woman, and said, I vVhy will you, beautiful 
princess, oblige me to treat you with so much severity? It is in 
your power to be happy. If you will but receive and return my 
10ye, I will-' 'Hideous satyr!' interrupted the lady, , I shall 
never cease to abhor you. You will always be a monster in my 
eyes.' She added so many reproaches that the giant grew enraged. 
, This is too much,' cried he in a furious tone; 'your hatred, madam, 
has produced mine. I will no longer solicit your favors, but will 
punish your insults by depriving you of life.' Having said this, 
he drew his scimitar, and would undoubtedly bave put his threats 
in execution, if my father had not let fly an arrow, which. pierced 
the giant'ô breast, so that he dropped down dead. 
",My father entered the hut, and unbound the lady's hands; 
who returned him abundant-thanks for his timely Àeliverance. In 
anbwer to his inquiries, she told him tbat she was the wife of a 
captain of a band of Saracens, who inhabited the seacoast. "Ihis 
wretch,' continued she, 'was one of his principal officers. He 
fell desperately in love with me, which he took care to conceal, 
till an opportunity offered a few days ago to seize me and my child. 
To avoid pursuit, he penetrated far into the country: and though 
he ceased 
ot continual solicitations, yet he never offered me any 
violence tin this moment, when it pleased IIeaven to deliver me 
from him by :your means.' 
" :\Iy father said everything in his power to comfort the lady. 
The next day, being fortunately joined by some of his retinue, he 
conducted her and her child to the court of Deryabar. He imme- 
diatf'ly sent a messenger to the country of tbe Saracens, to ao 
quaint the captain that his wife and her son were in safety. This 
messenger staying longer than was expected, several others were 
dC8patched at different times; but none of them eyer ret,urned. 

ly father, therefore determined, to send no more; but to bring up 



ENTERT AIN:\IE:r\TS. 


257 


the boy with care, and take the lady unt.. his protection; with 
which she was well satisfied. 
" That boy, that ungrateful viper, was the cause of all my mis 
fOI'tunes, As we were near of an age, anù my fh.ther ahvays 
shovçed great kindness to him, he took it into his head, when he 
arrived at manhood, that his protector intended to give me to him 
for a wife. For a while he waited in hope his patron would meet 
his wishes; during which time he took pains to ingratiate him
olf 
with all rauks of people; and when he found that he had formed 
to himself a considerable party. and that my father talked of giv- 
iug me to a neighboring prince, he threw off the mask, and bolùly 
demanded my hand in marriage. 
",My father: who was now grown 0111, restrained his indignation 
at the young man's insolence, and contented himself with giving 
him a fiat denial. The vain fellow forgot his obligations to his 
preserver. He considered this refusal as a mortal affront, and 
giving way to his indignation
 he determined on revenge. He put 
himself on a sudden at the head of his parti:;ans; cruelly murdered 
his venerable bencfador, and cau
ed himself to be proclaimeù 
ldng of DerJabar. His next care was to have seized me; but the 
grand vizier, a faithful olù servant, finding it impossiLle to make 
head against the usurper, hurried me from the palace on board 3. 
ship that was rea.dy to t:mil, and deli,-ered me out of his hands. 
" The grand vizier intended to have carried me to the court of 
the prince VdlO was to have been my husband, not doubting but 
he would be easily excited to expel the traitor, and re\'enge my 
father's death. But Providence did not grant success to a resolu- 
tioll we thought so just. A violent storm drove our ship about 
for many days. At last she bilged on a rock. In the horror of 
my situation I lost my Renses, and I can only tell you, that when I 
recovered I found myself thrown on the 8hore, on a part of the 
wreck. Every one e1
e on board, I have no douTJt, peri::;hed in 
the sea." 
,. In this situation I was found by the king of the country, who 
chanced to be riding that way. Every a8si
tance was given to me, 
and when I harl recovereù, and related my I:;tory, the king, who 
was mueh taken with 111f', fr.l1lkly offered to make me amenùs f01 
the throlJc I harl lo::;t by fo;h
tring his own with me. 
" The king wa
 JOllng a
ld ami.tl,le; and though my illness and 
affliction had prevcnted my ha,ing recei\Ted any great impression 


. 



258 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


.. 


from him, gratitude compelled me to accept his offer.. Prepara- 
tions 
verð making for our nuptials, when, in the midst of this joy- 
ful bustle, a neighboring prince made a descent by night upon the 
island, and threw everybody into confusion. 
rhe king ordered 
bis troops to be got together, intending to put himself at their 
head; but being anxious for my preservation, he hastened first 
with me into a boat; intending to lnnd me on a small island adjoin- 
ing, and to return immediately. Unfortunately the current and 
the wind l5et strongly from the shore: so that in short time we 
wer
 driven out to sea, without hope of reco\Tering the island. 
"In this distress we thought ourselves fortunate when we espied 
a ship coming toward us; but we soon found our mÌf::;take. rfhe 
crew consi::;ted of a dozen armed pirates. They bound the king in 
a chain, and then being attracted by my youth and beauty, each 
claimed roe for himself. The dispute ran so high, that 
hey pro- 
ceeded to blows. They fought til1 only one remained a]ive, who, 
baving thrown overboard the dead bodies of his companions, came 
up to me and said, 'You are now mine; be not alarmed. I have no 
design to take any liberties with your person, which I here vow to 
hold sacred.' 
"I was greatly rejoiced at this unexpected declaration. 'Ah, 
sir,' said I,' complete your generosity by unbinding my husband 
and setting us on shore.' I was about to have declared who he was, 
but the pirate, rising bastily, caught hold of the prince, and threw 
him, bound as he was, into the sea. 
" At this terrible event I swooned away; and when I recovered 
would have jumped overboard after tbe prince, if the pirate had not 
prevented me. He then explained to me the motive of that prom- 
ise which I had so unfortunately attributed to virtue and honor. 
, I intend,' said he, ' to take you to Cairo, and present you to a great 
emir, my patron, to whom I have long promised a beautiful female 
slave. Have I not then acted kindly by your husband? would not 
his a.ffliction bave been insupportable to have seen you in the arms 
of my friend l' 
'c Expostulation was in vain. I had only to comfort myself that 
his attachment to his patron secured me from personal insult. )Ve 
landed soon after; the pirate purchased camels and slaves, and set 
off with me for Cairo. 
"We had been several days on the road, when yesterday, as we 
were crossing this plain, the black giant whom you have just Blain 



ENTERT AIN)IENTS. 


259 


fmrprised us. Having destroyed the pirate and his slaves, he brought 
me to his castle and invited me to receive his embraoes; but finding 
me more dead than alive from terror, he desisted from his entreat- 
ies, and gave me till this evening to reconcile myself to his propo- 
Bal. Fortunately for me. you, gallant prince, have extricated me 
from a situation worse than death." 
'rilen the princess had ended the recital of her adventures
 the 
princes all joined in condoling her n1isfortunes, and Oodadad of- 
fered to receive her as his wife. l'he princess had not S(len him 
with indifference; she accepted his proposal; find as the palace of 
the giant abounded with every necessary, they reposed themðe]ves 
there for several days; after which, they set out for the court of 
Zaphnah. 
1Vhen they were within one day's journey of 1Iarran, and had 
halted for the evening, Codadad called the princes to
ether, and 
said, " I have too long cob.cealed from you who I anl. Behold your 
brother Codadad, the son of Pirouze !" Having 8aid this, he em- 
braced them all, and each of them expressed mu{:h satit'faction at 
the discovery; but very different were the sentiments of these un- 
'Worthy and unnatural brothers. At night, when Codadad and the 
princess were retired to rest, they met together, find one of them 
addressing the rest, said, "You remember how much our father 
prefen'ed and cherished this dangeruus rival of ours, even while 
he thought him a stranger; what must We expect now, when he 
proves to be our brother 1 what, when he can boast of having de- 
stroyed a giant, whom all of us together were forced to submit to 1 
will not the very relief be gave us become an argument to prefer 
him before us all 1" These considerations had occurred to every 
one of them. They went to the tent of Codadad, who was fast 
asleep, and stabbed him in a thousand places; after which they 
pursued their journey to Harran, where they arrived the next day, 
and were joyfully received by their father, who had despaired of 
ever seeing them again. 
C0dadad, meantime, lay in his tent without any signs of life. 
The princess concluded he was dead, aDd rent the air with her 
cries, lamenting the fate of her husband and deliverer; and ad. 
juring the vengeance of Heaven on his murderers. .After much 
and vehement sorrow, she cast her eyes on Codadad, and perceived 
that he breathed a little. It was morning, and she saw a large 
town at a distance. As she had no slave, she determined to lea'fÐ 



260 


ARABIAN :KIGHTS' 


bel' husband, and hasten thither for assistance. She returned to 
the tent with a surgeon; but when they arrived there they could 
Dot find Codadad. 
rhey concluded he had been devoured by SOlllC 
wild beasts. The princess was inconsolable. The Burgeon took 
pity on her, and conducted her to his own house, '''''here, though 
be knew 110t her rank, he treated h('}" with an imagilJaLle respect. 
'Vhen she was a little composed, she related to her host all that 
had befallen her. "Then she had finir:;hed her story, "You do not 
well, madamt said the surgeon," to give way thus to an unavail. 
ing sorrow. You owe more to the memory of your princely hus- 
ba.nd. It is your duty to revenge him. Lot me attend you as 
your squire to the king of lIarran's court; nor fear but be will 
do you justice." 
The prillcesR "f Deryabar, roused by thm:e considerations from 
a torpid Borrow, followed the advice of her host; and attended 
by him, arrived at the city of lIarran. . The surgeon lodged the 
princess in a caravansera, and went out to inquire diligently after 
news. lIe learut that Pirouzc, not hearing of her son, had left 
Samaria, and come to Harran in search of him. That the king, 
before her arrival, had concluded that Codadad had fled to some 
other country, to ese-ap(' his re
(,lltm(,llt; but wh('n he knew from 
Pirouze th:Lt the gallant and :Lccomplil"hed stranger ,vas his other 
son, he had causcd diligent inquiry to l)e made after him in all the 
adjoining kingdoms; and had ordered pn blic prayers to bo put 
up in all the mosques, for the safe and Rpeedy return of his son. 
Pirouze regularly attended these deYútion
, and gave alms at the 
principal mosque. The surgeon, having become acquainted with 
these particularR, went the next day to the mosque; and stepping 
up to one of her slaves, he whispered, " Brother, I have a secret 
of moment to impart to the Prince
8 1')jrou1e; may not I by your 
a
::ìistance l)e brought to her apartment 1" ,!'Iw slave no sûoner 
learnt tha.t this secret related to Coùadad, than be entreated the 
Burgeon to return with him to the palace; and as soon as they 
,nrrived there, he introduced him to Pirouze. lIe related to 1H'r 
I everything he had Leen told by tbe princef's of Deryabar, and told 
her where that lady ,vas to be found. 1Vhen the surgeon was 
'1.vithdrawn, Pirouze aud her attendants resigned thelll
;ehes to grief 
for the unhappy fate of Cod:ulad. In the mid
t of this distrcf8, 
Zaphnah entered her apartmeuts. Ph'ouze, with wanv lamenta.- 
tions, repeated the surgeon's account. It was too circ
llllstantia.l 



ENTEl{TAINMENT;:;. 


261 


for the king to doubt its truth. Having condoled with the unhappy 
mother on their mutual loss, be withdrew, not more oppressed 
with sorrow than shaken with indignation. 
It was the hour of public audience. Zaphnah entered the coun.. 
cil-challlber with so much an;!er in his countenance, that the 
courtiers and people WllO attendcd him with !Jetitiol1s, were alarmed. 
Every man's heart failed him for fear. flaving ascended the 
throne, the king called for the grand vizier. "Take," said he, 
" this instant, a thousand of my guards, and seize all the princes, 
my sons; shut them up in the tower appointed for murderers; see 
that not One of them escape." All who were present trembled at 
this strange command. 1.'he vizier laid his hand upon his head to 
express his obedience, and withdrew to execute his orders. Thø 
king then dismissed the assembly with a declaration that he would 
do no business for a month to come. 
The grand vizier having secured the princes, was directed by 
his mastel. to conduct the princess of Dt'ryabar and her squire to 
the palnce; and at the same time to proclaim who she was, and 
in what manner his sons had incurred his displeasure. The prin- 
cess and her attendants were led to court, amidst the acclamations 
of the people, by whom Codadad was much beloved, while every 
one uttered execrations against the en,'ious and ungrateful brothers 
who had treated him so cruelly. 
When the princess of Deryabar had been introduced to Zaphnah 
and Pirouze, and had received their embraces, she demanded of 
the king justice on the murderers of her husband. " Yes, madam," 
replied he, "those unnatural vipers shall suffer as they deserve; 
though, by that stroke of justice, I must again become childless. 
Unfortunate Codadad!" continued the wretched father, "we have 
Dot thy remains, yet we will not omit paying thee the last duties. 
At the close of which, those monsters shall atone for their guilt 
by forfeiting their lives." 
The king gave orders for a dome of white marble to be erected 
without the city, and every preparation to be made for celebrating 
the obsequies of Codadad in the most honorable manner. A figure 
resembling the prince was plac;d in it, and all the inhabitants of 
the city went ont to assist at the ceremony. The king, his vizier, 
and the principal persons of the court, entered the dome, and sat 
down on carpets made of black satin, with gold b.orders. A great 
body of guards, hanging their heads, and looking down, drew up 



262 


Al:A.llIAN NIGHTS' 


aùout the building, and marched round it thrice, observing 1t pro. 
found t;ilence; at the third round they haIted before the door; 
and all of them, with a loud voice, cried out, :, 0 prince, son of 
the king! could we by the power of the sword find human valor, 
any way retrieve your llli:::;fortune, we would bring you back to 
life. But the King of kings hath commanded; and the angel of 
death ha.th obeyed." Having uttered these words they drew off, 
and made way for a hundred old lllen; all of them mounteù on 
black mules, and wearing long gray bearùs. 
These were anchorites, who had lived all their days concealed 
in caves. 'rhey never appeared in the sight of the world but whell 
they were to assist at the obsequies of the kings of IIarran, or of 
princes of their family. Eaell of these venerable persons carried 
a book on his head, which he held with one hand. They took 
thr ee turl1S round the dome: find then stopping before the door, 
one of them said, " 0 prince, what can we do for you? If you 
could be restored to life by prayers or learning: we would rub our 
gray beards at thy feet, and recite prayers; but the King of the 
univertSe hath taken you away fúrever." 
The old men withdrew to a distance from the dome, and fifty 
beautiful maids approached it; each óf them mounted on a little 
white horse. They wore no veils, and carried gold baskets, full 
of all sort8 of precious stones. They also rode three times round 
the dome; and halting at the same place as the others had dOlle, 
the youngest of them spoke in the name of the rest, c. 0 prince, 
on
e so beautiful! what relief can you expect from us? If we 
could restore you to life by onr charms, we would become your 
slaves; but you are no longer sensible to beauty, and have no 
more occasion for us." 
When the young maids were withdrawn, the king and his 
courtiers arose; and having walked three times round the figure 
resembling Codadad, the king spake as follows: ,,; 0 my dear son! 
light of my eyes! r have then lost you forever !" These words 
were accompanied with many sighs and tears, the courtiers joiuing 
their master in paying this tribute 
o the prince. The gate of the 
tomb was then shut, and all the people returned to the city. 
Suitable public prayers were repeated in all the mosques for 
eight days Buccessively; on the ninth, the king had ordered the 
princes, his Bons, to be behea.ded. the scaffold was read y but the 
. , , 
executiOn was stopped by news arriving that some neighboring 



EN rERI'A IN"K
TS. 


2G3 


princes, who had before made war ngaim.;t the king of lIa:rran, 
were approaching the capital at the head of a numerous army. 
rrhz king musterèd his troops, and marched out of the city, pre- 
pared to receive his enemies. 
On their approach, the ci tizens of IIarran attacked them, and a 
desperate battle ensued. Yictory, long douLtful, seemed at last to 
incline to the invaders, when a large Lody of hor
e appearcd in the 
plain in good order, and drew ncar the two armies. Each party 
wcre alarmed, dreading a llew enemy; but the matter was Boon 
out of doubt; the horsemen fell upon the flank of the king of Hal''' 
ran's opponents, and gave them so furious a charge, that they de- 
cided the fortune of the day; a total route erl
ued, in which the 
greater part of the invaders were put to the sword. 
The king of Harran had much admired the gallalltry of these 
unexpected allies, and the skill and intrepidit.y of their leader; and 
the battle being over, he hastened to thank him. The hcro proved 
to be Codadad. Zaphnah became motionless with surprise and 
joy. 1"'Vhen he recovered, he flew to the arms of his son, who re- 
ceived and returned his embrace with duty and affection. 
Zaphnah left the army to the care of the grand vizier, and went 
immediately with his son to the palace; he there introduced 'to him 
Pirouze and the princess of Deryaber ; the joy of those illustrious 
persons, so dear to each other; may be better imagined than ex- 
pressed. . 
Codadad told them that a peasant mounted on a mule happening 
to pass by the tent, and seeing him alone, wounded and senseless, 
had conveyed him to his house; where, by the application of cer- 
tain herbs chewed he recovered him. " Finding myself well," con- 
tinued he, "I resolved to search everywhere for my beloved prin- 
cess; but as I heard of the attack which was meditating against 
my royal father, I determined first to assist him. I made myself 
known to the villagers; and having diligently trained a body of 
them to arms, I had the good fortune to arrive with them at a time 
they were singularly USE-fu1." 
When he had finished his narrative, the king said," Let us be 
thankful to Heaven for this happy and unexpected meeting; Lut it 
shall not prevent the just punishment of those traitors who meant 
to have destroyed t.heir brother and deliverer; thcir intentiotls 
were Dot less wicked because they failed in the execution (If thull, 
nor t:.hall their punishment be less severe." 



264 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


" Sir," replied the generous Codadad, " though they little deserve 
that honor, yet they are your own flesh and blood; they are my 
brothers; they have been sufficiently punished for their offence; 
I forgive them, and I entreat your majesty to pardon them also." 
Pirouze and the princess of Deryabar joined in this request. The 
king was highly pleased with their generosity; he cau8ed the peo- 
ple to be assembled, and ordered the princes to he brought out, 
loaded with chains, and expecting immediate death. The king, 
before them all, caused Codadad to be proclaimed his heir, and 
added, that at his intercession, pardon was extended to the un- 
worthy princes. The people loudly applauded the noble behavior 
of Codadad, who himself released the prisoners from their fetters, 
and embraced them with much affection. 
On his return to the palace he amply re:warded the surgeon, who 
had so faithfully served the princess of Deryabar. Zaphnah and 
Pirouze passed the rest of their days very happily with that princess 
and their beloved Godadad. 


THE STORY OF THE SLEEPER AWAKENED, OR THE DEAD ALIVE. 
Abon Hassan was the son of Selim, a wealthy and penurious 
cit
en of Bagdad; who, though he was possessed of a good estate, 
. and had gained great wealth by many years' successful traffic, yet 
he scarcely allowed his family necesRaries. ''''"hen the young man 
grew up, he had a turn for gayety; but the extreme avarice of his 
father not only denied him the usual amusements of youth, but 
gave him no respite from labor; making no difference between him 
and his meanest slave. 
The death of the merchant put an end to this restraint on Abon 
Hassan. He found himself heir to a plentiful fortune; and he re- 
solved to make himself amends for the severe discipline he had 
undergone; but before he began his career, he showed a good nn- 
derstanding and a good heart; he settled a proper provision on his 
mother
 and dividing his wealth into equal parts, with the one ,part 
he increased his patrimony; this he determined never to break in 
upon; the remainder he devoted to enjoyment. 
',ro obtain this, he sought the company of young men of the first 
distinction in Bagdad. As he was known to be wealthy, he easily 
became intimate with such of them as were noted for their de- 
bauchery. To these he gave the most costly entertainments. The 
profusion of his table, his magnificent balls and f'oncerts, would 



l<:NTEI:T..\ I
:HE
TS. 


265 


h:1.'\'e dis
ipatcd a '!"nya 1 rp,'pune; awl he fonnel the w(>alth he had 
set apa.rt tor a. life uf prodigality, was dil:'pcrspd })efore a single 
year had pa8sed away. 
Abon Ha
:san. wa.
 astoniHhed at the r('}lo1't of his steward; that 80 
large a part of his fortune waR exhaut-'tcd. lIe rene\\ cd immcdiately 
his resolution to keep his patrimony unimpaireù, 1I0r even to break 
in upon the improvement he had made to it.. He gave no more 
nmgnificcnt entertainments; he Bold off his useless slaves aud 
splendid furniture, and prepared to regnlate his ('xpem::!es hy his 
remaining income. But while this "a
 duing: he felt the force of 
youthful attaclnnent to many of his cOll1paniom
, and was amazed 
and chagrined to find that they all avoided him, The news of his 
ruin had sprea.d abro3.d: his prudent reserve no one know of. All 
b is gay friends. therefore, treated him with contempt; and when, 
to try them still further, he att('mpted to borrow a supply of them, 
many insulted him, all refused him. 
Irritated with this ungenerous hehavior, he rpnounced them in 
his turn. He retired to the houHe of his father, where his mother 
still dwelt, and began a new course of life. As ho had enough left to 
enterta.in a gUCF;t handsomely, and was foud of Bociety, he every day 
provided what he thought llecesðary for th3t purpose; and in the 
evening he weut and sat on Bagdad bridge, where, as soon as be 
saw any stranger arrive, wh08e appearance pleased him, he accost- 
ed him respectfully, and invited him to sup auf! lodge with him 
for that night. 
.Abon Hassan, on th.ese occasi<ills, failed not to acquaint his guest 
with an oath he had taken; whieh was, neyer to give an entertain- 
nlCnt to an inhabitant of Bagdad; ne\'er to iuvite any man a second 
time, or keep up any kind of acrpmintance with any of hi....
 guests 
after their parting. This premised, he used to conduct the stranger 
home; regale him with a good snpper, and lodge him comfortalJly. 
In the morning he always Ra.id to him," God preserve you from all 
sorrow! when I invited you hither yesterday, I acqmtinted you with 
my 
th; I hopo, therefore: you will not take it ill, if I bid you 
farewell: and may God conduct you." 
On these terms he chanced one evening to enga-ge a. stranger of 
re!'<pectable appearance, whom he supposed to be a merchant of 
)lous
ol; but who in reality was the caliph. Haroun Alraschid; 
who, in tba.t disguise, was taking one of his customary surveys of 
tlw L'ity. The invibtion was so singular, that it excited the caliplt'B 
12 · 



266 


AHAßI.-\N NIGHTS 


curiosity, and he readily a('cepted it. Abon Hassan conducted hin 
home, placed him at the upper end of his table, and sat down OYPI 
against him. A handsome snpper amI dessert we
'e served up, and 
they ate of what they liked best
 witlwut f3peaking or drinking, ac- 
cording to the custom of the country. 
'Vhen they had done eating, A bon Hassan filled out a glass of 
wine, and said to his guest, laughing, "You know, sir, the cock neyer 
drinks before he calls to his hens to come and drink with him, 80 r 
invite you to follow my example. I cannot reckon him a wise man 
who does not love a. chem-ful glass." "I am quite of your opinion," 
replied the caliph, taking a bumper, "and am sure you are an 
honest fellow; fill away; you shall find I am ready to partake 
with you." 
They grew merry over their cups. Abon Hassan 
eing of a 
lively disposition, entertained his gnest with a thom
and brilliant 
sallies. .At his request he explained the cause of the vow he had 
made to receive only Rtrangers, and no man a second time; and re. 
lated, with mnch humor, the story of his own extravagance, awl 
the ill behavior of 11Ïs former companions. 
The caliph was dcIightpd with the wit of his hORt, and respected 
his understan(lin
. ,r}wll it grew time to retirE', he said to him: 
" I regr'}! cxC'ceJingly the oa.th you have ta.ken, as it deprives me 
of all hopes of being bettor known to you; but yet I wit5h to 
show you how sensible I am of your hospitality. It is more in my 
POWel: to serve you, than you arc aware of. Speak freely, and tell 
me what you would wish fo.r, if you were sure of obtaining your 
desires." 
Abon Hassan, who was a little elevated with the liquor he had 
drank, rppìied briskly," I thank you for your offers of service; 
but, in truth, have no de8ires tha.t you can gratify. l\Iy fortune is 
tmfficiput; r have no ambition, 11nlE'8s, indeed, :you couìd make me 
caliph for four-and,-twent.y hour
." ,I And why," interrnptNI Ha- 
r011n, eagerly,." shoultl von defo;irc that. honor for so short a time 1" 
"It would Le long ellou
h," rp.plied Aholl IIaf'san, " to an8\'
er all 
my wishes. The town of R:l
l.tlafi is divided into variolls di:stricts, 
. 
 
III each of whi('h thpre i
 a. 1lI0Sf1I1(' a.nd an imam llcloJlO'iuO' to it 
.1 . 0 ö 
to read IJl'a)'el's. Tlw imam of the divi
i()n I livp. in, is an old man 

f .auRtere ('ountpnancp, and the f!:rpat('!"t hypocrite in the world. 
Thn mn.n, and four old fE'lloWR of the neighborhood, who are peo- 
. pIp of the same diF;pOt
itiou, meet evcry day at the imam's hou!:1e: 



KXl'ERfAIX:\IEXT;:;. 


267 


where tlley vent their malice against me, and the w.nole district 
to the grea.t disturbance of the lleighl>ord; aud the promotion of 
perpetual di
sentions. Instead of minding their Alkul'an, alld being 
at peace with all men, they threaten some, abuse Jthcl's, and wish 
to domineer over everybody. 'Ya
 I caliph for OUe ùay only, I 
would remove this nuisance; for I would ordor each of the. old 
men a hundred bastinadoes, and the guod imam four til1le
 as mallY, 
that they lllight learn no more to abuse nnd disturb hi:'\ neighbors." 
The caliph laughed heartily at hi
' hosfs narrative, aud imlIledi- 
ately conceived the idea of a whilll
ical ad\'cllture. ALou IlU8sall 
renewing the conversation, 0 Lserv.ed that it grew late. " Let us 
finish the bottle," said he, "and I will Lid you farewell to-night; 
only let me request of you, if you rise before me, that JOu will, 
f:!but the door when you go out iu the l11ol'lIing." 1'hiö the caliph 
promised; and taking hold of the Lottle said," You ha.ve been so 
obliging as to fill for me the whole night, permit me to pour out 
the last glass, and drink to your repose." lIe theu dexterously 
conveyed a little powder into ALon Hassan's glass, and handed it to 
him; who, h
ing much pleased with the politeness of his gue
t 
drank it, alld had Bcarce time to set the gIaRs on the taLle, befbro 
he fell into a profound slepp. 
The caliph ordered the f:lltL\'e who attended him, to take .1\bon 
IIasl;an on his back, and convey him to tho palace, where he caused 
him to be undrcssed, and laid in the royal lJed. He directed 
Giafar to attend the sleeper ill the morning, aud salute him as 
commander of the faithful; and to take care that all the emirs and 
courtiers, as well as the attendants, should addres
 him with the 
usual ceremonies which were observed to himself. 
Early in the morning the caliph took pObsession of a littlc closet, 
whence he could see all tha.t passed; impatient to enjoy the 
surprise of Aboll Ha.ssan, and see how he would support his imagin 
Rry dignity. 
.At daybreak all the officers and ladies, whose duty it was to at- 
tend the rising of the caliph, took their places with great silence. 
One of them putting a sponge steeped in vinegar to ALon Hassan's 
nose, he sneezed heartily, which awakened him. On opening his eyes 
he found that he was in a magnificent room, surrounded by a great 
many young and handsome ladies, and hlack eunuehs richly clothed, 
dll standing with great modesty and respect. Casting his eyes on 
the q,\ÜU of the bed, he perceived it was cloth of gold richly orna. 



löS 


AI:AlliAN NIGHTS' 


mented with pearls and diamonds; and that there was laid by the 
bed a vory rich haLit and a caliph's buLan. 
At the sight of all thm;e splenùid objects, Abon Hassan was in 
the utmost confusion and amazement. "So," said he to himself," I 
am caliph! but," aùdeù he, after a moment'
 pause, " 'tis only a 
drea;u; the efThct of the wish I maùe last night." Saying this, be 
turned himself about to sleep again, when One of the eunuchs ap- 
proached the Led, and said very respectfully, "commander of the 
faithful, 'tis time for your majesty to rise to prayers; the morning 
begins to adyallce." 

rhe astonishment of A1Jon IIassan was inexpressible. "Is it POfij- 
;Ìble I am awake 1" said he to himself. "Oh, certainly, I am asleep," 
(
ontinued he; shutting his eyes again, " there is no reason to doubt 
It." 
The eunuch finding Abon IIa!::1san did not rise, said again, " Your 
majebty will, I hope, permit me to tell you, that it is time to attend 
morning prayer, which you never neglect; the sun is just rising." 
"I am mistakent thought ALon Hassan," I am awake. 'l'hose 
that sleep d0 not hear thus distinctly." 'fhen opening his eyes, 
and sitting up in his Led, he seemed overjoJed at his promotion, to 
the great entertainment of the caliph, who guessed very exactly 
what his thoughts \\'ere. 
1Vhen A bon IIm;san began to arise, all the ladies of the palace 
prostrated themsehes before him, with their faces to the ground; 
they then saluted him with a delightful serenade, with which he 
was so raYished, tlmt he was in perfect ecstacy. But recovering 
Lis first idea, he again doubted if it was not a dream; he clapped 
his hands before his pyes, lowered his head, and again said to him- 
E:elf, ""\Yhat can all th is mean? "\Yhere am I 1 "\Vho are these 
ladies and attendants 1 How shall I possihly distinguish that I am 
awake, and ill my right senses 1" 
'\Vhile these thoughts were passing in hi" mind, l\Iesrour, the 
chief of the ennuch8, came in, and having paid the proper com- 
pliments, said, H Commander of the faithful, the time of prayer is 
over; all your generals, governors, and officers of state, wait your 
royal preRence in the council-lml1. "\Vill your majesty be pleased 
to ascend your throne as usual 1" 
Abon IIas
m,n was convinl..
ed now that he was awake, but he was 
also still more emharrassed. After a pause, he looked earnestly at 
M 3srour, and said, "vVho ig it that you speak to, and call con).. 


. 



ENTEnTAIX
ll.ENTS. 


mander of the faithful? I don't know .Yo l, and 'you mistake me 
for 
mmebody el!:;e." 
l\lcs1'our affected an air of astonishmcnt, aud replied, ,; 1\ly worthy 
lord and mastcr, you only speak thus to jeer mc. Is not your lOaj- 
esty commander of the faithfnl, monarch of the world; and the 
prophet'
 vicar on earth? l\lesrour, your faithful sla.ve, "ho has 
had the honor and happiness to serve you so many years] cannot 
forget or mi
take you. Some trouble, somo dream, must have di
- 
turbed your majesty's imagiuationY 
.ALon lIa
san hUl'!:;t out a-laughing at these words of 
lesrour. 
'''fhen hc had recovercd himl"clf, seeing a little black eunuch, he 
beckoned him, anù said, "Hark yc, child: tell me 'who I am/} 
" Sir," answered the little boy, modestly, ",your majesty is com. 
mander of the true believers, and the prophet's vicar on earth." 
" You arc a liar, sooty-face," said Abon lIa&'5Rn. lIe thcn called 
the lady who stood nearest him, saying, "Come hither, fitir one, 
and bite the end of my finger, that I may know whether I am 
awakp. or not." 
The lady, who knew the caliph sawall that passed, was o\'cr. 
joyed at being thus called upon to contribute to his amuseIUent; 
going, therefore, with a grave face to Ahon Hassan: she put his 
finger into hAr mouth, and clenched it so hard hetwecn hcr teeth 
that he roared aloud, and with difficulty pulled it awa.y frow Ler. 
\Yhen the pain was a little abated) he said, " You have convinced 
me that I am not aRleep; but how is it possible that I can have ùc- 
come caliph in one night 1 I adjure you, therefore) to tell mo 
the truth." "It is so true/, replied the lady, " that we, your 8lavc8, 
are amazcd to hear you doubt it." "Ah, you are a deceiver," re
 
plied Aton Hassa.n; "I know very well who I am." 

le8rour assisted his new master to rise; and as soon as he set 
his feet On the floor, the whole company of ladies and officers cried 
out together, "God pregerve your majesty, and give you a good 
day." ,Mesrour then arrayed him in. the royal robes, and conducted 
him through rows of pro
h'ate courtiers to the conncil-chamber, 
where he mounted the throne of Persia, which he filled with all the 
gravity imaginahle, 
The grand vizier Giafil,r, and the judge of the police (both of 
whom he knew IJY having often seen them in their offices): first 
bowed themselves down before him, and paid him the salutation 
of the morning. After which aU the emirs, as they were admitted 


269 


. 



270 


ARABIAN KIGIITS' 


to their seats, went to the foot of the throne, aud having laid their 
heads on the carpet, th
y saluted him on their knees, as COI11- 
mander of the f.tithful: and the prophet's vica.r on earth, 
Althou(rh ALon Hassan bad before been elm"ated with his ad- 
b 
vancement, his recollection forbade him to believe it. TIut wheu 
he found himself thus recci ,"cd l}y the grand vizier, and all the 
great men about the COUl't, he could 110 longer doubt but be ,
vas 
caliph, though he could no way account for his having become so. 
Diriluissing, therefore, for the present, all thought upon the suhject., 
he prepared to enjoy his good fortune, and exercise his sovereignty 
lIe heckoned the judge of the police to him, and directed him to 
go to such a division of the city, to seize the imam of the mosque 
and four old men, whom he described; to give each of the latter 
a hundred bastinadoes: find the imam four hundred. " I'll is 
done," continued he, " mount them on fiye camels, with their f<lces 
to the tails, lead them through the 'whole city, and let a crier pro- 
claim before them, C This is the punishment of busy-bodies and 
mischief-makers.' You may then dismi
s them, with orders never 
to return to that district on pain of death." 
The judge of the police withdrew; and the grand vizier ap- 
proa.ched the throne: and made his l"eport of affairs. Abon Has- 
/San heard him with dignity and attention. He issued out orders 
without embarrassnH'nt, and gave judgment in several causes with 
great al)ility. The caliph saw and admired this part of his con- 
duct, ,yhich raised him highly in his esteem. The judge of the 
police returning, presented his new sovereign an instrument, sign- 
ed by the principal inhaLitants of the division, attesting the pun- 
blunent having been infiicted on the five delinquents. Abem Ha.s- 
san read over the nallIes of the witnes
es (1.\"ho were all people 
that he knew very well), with great satisfaction. t' These old hyp- 
ocrites," said he to himself; .C "rho were ever censuring my actions, 
and finding fiLUlt with my entertaining honest people, have at last 
recei \Ted the punishment they deseryed." 
\rhen the time of audience was nearly over, the new caliph 
directed the vizier to take a thousand pieces of gold, and cany 
them to the mother of ALon Hassan, who was generally called the 
debauchee, and lived in the same district where the judge of the 
police bad becn sent to. Giafhr obeyed, and, on his return, ,..'\Lon 
Hassan arose, and dismiR
ing the audience, descended the t,hrolll
, 
and was conducted hy l\1csr{\ur into an adjoining apartment. 



EXTERT AISl\lEXTS. 


271 


He was much delighted on entering the splendid hall to which 
ihe chief of the eunuchs led him. The paintings were exqui
ite ; 
and there appeared everywhere the greate:st profusion of wealth; 
8m-en bands of mu:sic, placed in different galleries, struck up a 
grand concert at his entrance. In the middle of the room there 
was a table set out with golden dishes and plates containing all 
manner of rarities. Seven young and IJcautiful ladies, richly 
lressed, stood around this table, each ready to fan the supposed 

aliph while at dinner. 
.Abon Hassan surveyed all these things with the utmost pleas- 
"Ire; his countenance strongly expressed his joy; yet there was 
a mixture of wonder and ùoubt which occasionally appeared in 
his behavior. ,: If this is a dream," said he to himself, "it is a 
long one. But surely," continued he," it is not a dream: I can 
r1ee, hea.r, feel, walk, and argue reasonably. I am certainly the 

ommander of the faithful; who else could live in this 8plendor 1 
Besides, the respect I receive, and the obedience paid to my COlll- 
mands, are sufficient proofs." He then sat down to table; and the 
seven ladies standing about him began to fan him. He looked at 
them with admiration; and smilingly told theIn; that one fan was 
enough to cool him, and he would have the other six ladies Bit 
down to table with hjm, that wherever he turned his eyes he 
might behold such lovely objects. 
The ladies obeyed; but Abon Hassan perceh-ing that out of 
respect they did not eat, helped them himself, and urged them in 
the most obliging terms. 'Vhen they bad dined, he asked their 
names, which they told him were White K eck, Coral Lips, Fair 
Face, Sunshine, Heart's Delight, Sweet Looks, and Sugar Cane. 
To every lady he returned handsome compliments, wittily adapted 
to ber name. 
After dinner, the eunuchs brought perfumed water in a golden 
bowl; and when Abon Hassan had waðhed
 l\Iesrour, who never 
left him, conducted him to another hull, where he was received 
by seven ladies more beautiful than the former. Seven other 
bands began a new concert; while the imaginary caliph took part 
of a rich dessert of- s\yeetmeats, and the choicest fruits. This 
o'"er, he was led to a third hall more magnificent than the other 
two; it was lighted up with a profusion of wax lights, in golden 
branches; and he was received here by seven other ladie
, of still 

uperior beauty, who conducted him to a table set out with large 



2'72 


ARABIAN NIf,UTS' 


silver flagons full of the choicest wines; and crystal glasses placed 
by them. 
Till this time, Abon Hassan had drank nothing but water, agree- 
able to the custom of Bagdad, where from the highelSt to the low- 
est, t,hcy never drink anything strong till evening; it being ac- 
cOlUlted scandalous in the highest degree for anyone to Le drunk 
in the daytime. 'Vhen he placed himself at the taLle, he desired 
the seven ladies to sit dO\YIl with him; and havillg abked their 
names, which were Cluster of Pearls, :l\Iorning Star, Chain of 
Hearts, Daylight, Bright Eyes, Fine Shape, and Silver Tongue: 
he called upon each in turn to brIng him a glass of wine, and as 
each lady presented it, he sa.id a variety of witty and gallant 
things to her. 
As the wine began to elevate the supposed caliph, he became 
amor9us; which Cluster of Pearls perceiving, she went to the 
beaufet, and putting a little of the sleepy powder into a goblet, 
she filled it with wine; she then presented it in a most bewitch- 
ing manner to Abon Hassan, requesting him to drink it when she 
had sung a song which she had made that day. Hassan consent- 
ed; and the lady sung with so much grace and spirit, that he re" 
solved to prefer her to her companions. He received the goblet 
from her hand, and drank; but before he could take it from his 
mouth, he fell asleep in the arms of the attendants. They then 
put his own clothes on him; and the slave who brought him 
thither, carried him back, and laid him on his own sofa. 
It was late the :next morning before the powder ceased to oper- 
ate. But at length the sleeper awakened, and looking round the 
room, was surprised to find himself in so different a situation. 
lie called aloud for Cluster of Pearls, :M:orning Star, Coral Lips) 
and the other ladies, as he could recollect them. Ilis mother 
hearing his voice, came in and said, "Son, what would you have; 
who are those you are calling for 1" Abon Hassan, raising him
 
self up, looked haughtily at his mother, and said; "Good woman! 
who is it you cull your SOll F ,. You, to be sure," replied his 
mother; cc are you not A Lon Hassan, my SOIl 1 Have you slept 
till you have forgot me and your8elf t
o 17'. "I, your son !" an- 
swered Hassan; "you are mad! I am not Abon Hassan, but the 
commander of the faithful." 
His mother was alarmed at these words. "Silence, nlY dear 
son, I beseech you," said she; "do you not know that' walls have 



E.....'\TERT AI
)1EX.rS. 


27;1 


ears l' w11at do you think would be the consequence, if you were 
heard to utter such ra.
h words to anybody else 1 You are surely 
distra(,
ted." "\Yhile his mother was thus remonstrating with him, 
Abon Hassan listened to her attentively, lIe held down his head 
and put his hands 1>efore his eyes like one in conte.:nplation. At 
last, as if just awakened, he said to his mother, ".Methinks I am 
Abon Hassan, and you are my mother." Then looking round the 
I'oom, he added, "I certainly am Aboll lIas san) there is no doubt 
of it. I cannot conceive how this fancy came into my head." 
" You have had a good drea.m," replied his mother, laughing, 
"but I have Borne real good news for you. 'rhe grand vizier,' 
Giafiu., came to me yesterday, and putting a purse of a thousand 
pieces of gold into my hand, bid me pray for the commander of 
the faithful, who made me that present." 
" '\'ill you dare, after this, old lady," replied Hassan, in a rage, 
" to tell me I am your son! I sent you those thousand pieces of 
gold by my grand vizier, Giafar, who obeyed me as commander of 
the faithfuL" 
His mother was astonished at bis conyersation, but fearing to 
irritate him by opposition, she answered him slightly: and imme- 
"diately, with intent to divert his ideas from a subject which 
seemed to bewilder him, she began to tell him what had befallen 
the imam and the four shieks the preceding day. 
Hassan listened with Illuch attention, and when she had finished 
her narratiYe
 
'"God ..be praised," said he, c: for all things! for I 
have no doubt but that I am the commander of the faithful, and 
the prophet's vicar on earth. Know, old woman," continued he, 
"that it 'was by my order those five hypocrites were punished. I 
was not asleep when I gave those directions; and am glad to hear 
from you, that the judge of the police fulfilled his du ty." 
The old lady was in an agony of despair ,
hen she heard him 
talk in so absurd a manner. "Heaven preserve you from the 
power of Satan, my dear son!" replied she; "some ('viI genius 
surely possesses you. Don't you see JOu are in your own room? 
Recollect yourself Heriously, and drive away these fancies frOlll 
yom. Ìmagination/' At these words Hassan became more trau::)- 
ported with fury; he leaped from the sofa, seized a cane and 'rull- 
ning to his mother, "Cursed sorceress," said he, " tell me instantly 
by what means you have conveyed me from my palace to this 
room." His m ther, looking tenderly at him, rep]ied, " You are not 
12* 



274 


AUAIUAN NH.a, rrs 


surely, so aùandoned by God, my son, as to strike your mother!" 
ALon Hassan, urged to frenzy, became unnatural. He caned her 
seyerely; asking her, lwtwecl1 every stroke, if she would yet own 
he was connuander of the fa.ithful; to which she continued to 
reply" he was her belovcd SOll." 
At length, as he ceased not to beat ber, the old lady was 
obliged to call out so loud for help, that several of the neighbors 
beard her, and ran to her assistanee. The first who entcred the 
room, takiug the cane ii'om him, said, "'Vhat are you doing, Aboll 
IIassan? Have you no fear of God? Dare you strike your affec- 
tionate paI'eut 1" Hassan looked earnestly on him without rc- 
turning any answer; and thcn, staring on all that followed him, 
said, ., ,rho is that Abon Hassan? do you moan to call1lle by 
that name 1" ,; ,\Yho bhould we call so but you 1" replied his 
neighbor; "it is no wonder you forget yourself, when you insult 
your mother." ,. BegoIJe! you are all impertinent!" answered 
Hassan, " I neither kJloW her nor you. I will not know you, I am 
not Abon Hassan; but you shall find to your cost, that I am com-. 
mander of the faithful." 
At this discourse, his neighbors concludcd he was maù; aud 
while some laughcd at him, otheI's went for thc keeper of the hos... 
pital for lunatics. IIassan became outrageous at the sight of him, 
and called aloud for Giafar and l\Iesrour to come to his assist- 
ance; but tho keeper ordered him to be undressed, and beat him 
wit.h a rope till he lay quiet: he then caused. hand-cuff
 and chaius 
to be fastened on him, and took him to the hospitaL 
}"'or three weeks tho unfortunate Hassan received ùaily correc- 
tion from the hand of his severe keeper, who never failed to re- 
mind him that he was not commanùcr of the faithful. His mother 
came every day to see him; but whenever sho appeared in his 
sight, he reproached and execrated her a
 the cause of all his 
sufferings. At length, the lively ideas of what had passed during 
the time he was addressed as caliph, began to fade away; and the 
miserable situation he was in, made him recollect himself; though 
the obedience which had been paid to his orders, would not let 
bim believe he had been dreaming; yct he considered that, if he 
was really caliph, his officers and attendants would never have 
abandoned him to so much ignominy and wretcheùness. 'Yhile 
his mind was thus employed, his mother came to see him, and let 
fan a trrrrut of tears at beholding him manacled, emaciated, 
tl
d 



EN rEI:l'AI
l\1 E:\TS. 


275 


dejected. On her approach, he no longer appeared furious. On 
the contrary, he saluted her as his mother, disavowed his sup- 
posed dignity, and with much sorrow entreated her forgi,-eneHs of · 
the outrage he had cOlllmitted against her. 
His mother was o
.erjoyed to find 80 happy a. change in him. 
She talked with him about the disorder he had been in; and 
ad::1ed, " The last -stranger you hrol1ght hf\llle with you, went away 
in the morning without shutting the door. I am persuaded this 
gave some demon an opportunity to enter, and put you into that 
horrid delusion." ., You arc certainly in the right, my dear 
mother," replied ALon Hassan; Cl it was that yery night I had the 
fil
n] dream which turned my brain, and caused those excesses whil'h 
c()r
r me with shame and confusion when I think on them. I charged 
the merchant to shut the door after him, which now I filld he did 
not do; as they of .Moussol are not so well conyinced that the devil 
is the cause of trouLlesome dreams as we arc at TI:lgdad. nut 
since I am so much better, get me, I entreat you, out of this cur
e<1 
pla('e." His mother hastpned with great joy to the keeper, and 
declared the change she had found in her son; and he, having ex- 
amineù his patient) cOll
ratulatcd him OIl his recovery, aud ga\Te 
him his lih{'rty. 
'Vhen A bonlIassan came home he :::tayed w.ithin ùoors for sorne 
days to rest and refresh himself after the sm"ere discipline he had 
undergone. But when he had recoyered his strength, he 80011 
became weary of spending his evenings alone. lIe determined, 
therefore, to hpgin his former way of living, which was to provide 
a supper, and seek a friend to share it with h
m. 
The day on which he renewed this custom was the first of the 
month, when the ca1iph always walked in disguise a.bout the 
city. Toward en'ning, lIaf'\san went to the bridge, l)ut had scarce 
!m.t down when hp percpived the caliph di!'guised as before, and 
followed hy the same f'\1:n e. As hE' was was fully perf:uadcd that 
all his 8ufi'erings arol:5e from the negligence of tll is l\lous:::Ioi mer- 
chant, he 8aw him with great indignation; and to a\'oid speaking 
4-0 him, he got np. and lookerl o\'"er the parapet into the ri\"er. 
The caliph f'aw and recollected his former ho
t; amI became 
curious to know the pffect of his frolic. lIe percei\-E'J that Has- 
8a11 had risen in angPr, and wiRhed to avoid him. lIe went, there- 
fore, close up to him
 and said, " Oh! brother Hassan, is it you? 
givE' me If:'Hve to emhrace you." h Not I
 i'1deed," replied HaR. 



276 


AJ:.ABIAN NIGHTS' 


fau, roughly, and without turning his head; "I know nothing 
of you, nor will I have anything tù do with yon; go about your 
· LUòiuess." 
The caliph endea.vored to soothe him: saying, "You cannot, 
surely have forgot the evening we passed 80 pleat:;antly at your 
hOW:3C, a little while ago. I then tendered you my best serviC(\s, 
and now repeat the offer, and shall he glad to repay your hospi- 
tality by making myself useful to you. Let me beg you will 
for once set aside your usual custom of not receiving the same 
guest the second time, and take me home again with you this 
evcning." 
Abon Hassan refused this request with high indignation, and 
again bid the supposed merchant begonp.. But the caliph urged 
him so vehcl1lclltly, and seemed so desirous of knowing the cause 
of his host's anger, that IIar.,san at last suffered himself to be pre- 
yailed on to recpivë him a
 his gnest the second time. He took 
care, however, to exact a very solemn promise, that he would shut 
the door after him, when he went out in the morning. 
'Yhcn they arrived at Ahon Hassau's house, he rclated to the 
caliph all that had hefallcn him. " Rut," continued he, " you win 
not expect to hear that it is entirely owing to you that these things 
happened. I desired you 
o shut the door, which you neglected 
to do; and some devil finding it open, put this dream in my head; 
which, though it was very agreeable while it lasted, was the cause 
of all these misfortunes. You are in part answerable for all 
the extravagancies I ran into; and chiefly for the horrid and de. 
testable crime I was guilty of in lifting up niy hand against my 
mother." 
The caliph hearing Abon Hassan thus gravely laying to his 
charge 80 many evils, burst into laughter, which exceedingly 
affronted his host. "Perhaps you will find something very .divert- 
ing in this also/, said he, and at the S:1me time bared his back and 
shoulders, and showed the wales and livid marks which remained 
from the chastisement he had undergone in the hospital. 'fhe 
caliph, on beholding this .piteous 8ight
 Lecame really sorry that 
na

an had suffered so much. He embraced and condoled with 
him, After which he said, '
Let us forget as well as we can, all 
that is disagreeable and delicate this evening to mirth. To-morrow 
I will endeavor to repay your 8lÌfferings to your satisfaction, 
Abou Hassan had conceived an esteem for his guest. He snffer(>lJ 


. 



EXTERT AIN 'tENTS. 


277 


his anger to be overcome hy these entreaties, and sitting down 
with him, they passed the evening together in great jollity. 'Vilen 
it grew late, the caliph conveyed a. little of the salUe powder into 
the cup of his host, which had its usual effect; and the slave car- 
ried Hassan a second time to the palace. 

rh
 caliph caused him to be again habited in the imperial robes, 
and laid on a sofa in the hall where he had before fallen asleep. 
In the morning, l\Iesrour, with the other attendants, took their 
pIa ces; the eti'ect of the powder was dissipated as before, and, as ,. 
Abon Hassan awakened, the music struck up a delightful concert. 
Abon Hassan was astonished to hear the charming harmony. 
He looked around him, and remembered the hall; he even thought 
he recollected the persons of the ladies. ,. Alas!" said he aloud, " I 
am fallen into the same fatal dream that happened to me a month 
a
o; and must expect again the discipline of the mad-house. He 
was a wicked man whom I entertained last night; he is the cause 
of this illusion, and of all the miseries I must undergo. The base 
wretch promised to shut the door after him, and did not do it, and 
tlle devil has come ill: and filled my head with this cursed dream 
again. l\Iayest thou be confounded, Satan, and crushed under some 
mountain." 
Abon Hassan continued some time thoughtful; when, shutting 
his eyes and stretching himself on the sofa, " PH go to sleep," said 
he, "till Satan leaves me." On which one of the ladies approach- 
ing him said, "Commander of the faithful, I beg your majesty will 
p)rmit me tell you, that day appears, and it is time to rise," "Be- 
gone, Satan!" replied Abon Hassan, raising his voice. 'rhen look. 
ing 011 the lady, he said, "Is it me you caU commander of the 
faithful?" "To whom," replied the lady," should I give that 
title but to your majesty, who is the 80vereiAn of the world, and 
of :rrlussulmans 1 But to convince you perfectly, let me remind you 
of what pas
 yesterday." She then told him of the seyel'al 
matters which occurred in the council; of his liberality to Abon 
Bassan's mother; and of the punishment of the imam and his 
companions. "Your majesty, then," continued she, "dined in the 
three halh; as mmal; und in this you did us the hOB or to make us 
sit down with you, to hear our songs: and l'ecei\Te wine from our 
hauds, till you fell asleep, and never awakened till now." 
The confidence with which .the lady assured IIaRsan of these 
things, aud his own recollection of the circumstances, threw him 



278 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


into the utmost perplexity. "All she tplls me is certainly true," 
Raid he aloud; ., for I remember every particular of it. Am I, 
indeed; caliph? Do I dream now, or was I in a dream when I 
fancied myself in a mad-house P At length recollecting that hiB 
shoulders still retained a. mela.ncholy proof of the treatment he 
had received, he once more uncovered them, and àsked his attend- 
ants how they durst suffer such disgraceful severity to be offered 
to the caliph while he slept. The lady \\'..18 confounded; and qot 
knowing how to answer so tryiug a question, she nUl-de a signal 
for the music to renew the concert, while she and her companions 
danced round the imaginary caliph. ALon Ha
san beheld them 
for some time with a mixture of delight and anxiety; but as they 
continued to dance, he bec31ne transported, and leaping up, joined 
them in their amusement, cO:llmitting numberless pleasant extrava- 
gancies; till the caliph, who had from his closet been a spectator 
of all that passed
 and had laughed till he was quite exhausted, 
called out," ALon Hassan, ALon Hassan, you will make me die 
with laughter." 
The instant the caliph't5 voice was heard, the music ceased, and 
everyone. was silent. The monarch eame forward, laughing. 
Abon Hassa.n recollected him, notwithstanding his royal robes; 
and joining in the joke, without Leing in the lea
t dat;hed at the 
presence of his sovereign, he cried out, "Ha! ha! you are a. 
merchant of l\Ioussol, and complain I wOlLld kill you; you who 
have been the occasion of my u8ing my mother 80 ill; it was you 
who punished the imam aud the four scheiks; I wash my hands 
of it. In short, you ought to answer for all my irregularities." 
The caliph acknowledged the truth of .Abon Hassan's remarks; 
and at his request, told him the contrivance he had used to convey 
him thus about, 11 e then bid IIasRan ask holdly for any favor he 
wi
hed, to make him amends for the t:ioverities he had under. 
gone. 
'" Commander of the faithful," replied AÙOll IIat:isë111, "how great 
soever my distress was
 I have quite forgot it, now that I know my 
soycreign received amusement fro111 those circumstances which 
occa!'li{,ned it, I doubt not yonr majesty's .bounty; but shall only 
ask that I may be allowed to approach your roya.l person, and 
have the happinps8 all my life of admiring your grandeur !" Tlw 
mod{'sty of thiR request charmed the caliph, who had before a great 
e
te'lm for IIasFlan: lw granted his desil'ü in the mOHt ample man. 



E
'.f.EIU' AIN M 1<:
'I'8. 


279 


ner. assured him of his protection, and received him into his familiar 
friemh;hip. 
Abun II<1.

an was lively and l'lea
aIlt; he continually promoted 
the alUU::5ement of his royalllla
ter, 80 that he beca.me his constant 
companiun during those hours '" hich were not devoted to business. 
The caliph oftcu carried him to the apa.rtment of hi8 spouse, Zo- 
beide, who had heard his 
tory with much pleasure. This princess 
had a f
!,yorite 
la ve, called, N ou..duÜoul-aouaùat. lIas
an had 
not been often admittcd to the presence of Zobeide, before she ob- 
sen ed that. his eyes wcre oftcn fixed on this young lady; who, on 
her part, betrayed evident proofs of partiality for him. 
Zobeide was no sooner couvineed that their attachment was 
mutual, than she pruposcd to the caliph to give her slave to .Abon 
Hassan. The prince consenting, the marriage was solemnized in 
the palace with great rejoicings. The bride and bridegroom re- 
ceived very con
iùerable prescnts from Zobeide and the caliph, aud 
Abon Hassan conducted his spouse with great joy to the apart- 
ments allotted him in the palace. 
Abon Hassan and his spouse Uved together in perfect union. 
N ouzhatoul-aouadat was endued with all the qualifications capable 
of gaining her husband's loye and esteem; and he omitted nothing 
that could render himself acceptaLle to her. lIe furnished his 
table with the choice
t dainties and most exquisite wines; he hired 
the best musicians to entertain her; in a word, their time passed 
in a continual round of pleasure. 
But before the first year of their marriage was expired, their 
steward made so large a demand on his master, as entirely ex.. 
hausted his purse; aud they found themselves all at once exceed. 
ingly embarrassed. Abon Hassan durst not apply to the caliph 
for assistance, ha.ving in so short a time lavished away a consider- 
able treasure; nor could he bave recourse to his own fortune; 
for when the caliph received him into his household, he made over 
the whole of his patrimony to his mother; and he resolved on no 
account to lessen her income. On the other hand, N ouzhatoul. 
aouadat considered Zobeide's generosity to her on her nuptials, as 
more tban a sufficient recompense fdr her services, and thought 
that she ought not to apply to her for more. 
On the departure of the steward, they sat a long time silent, 
each revolving these disagreeable ideas. At length Abon HasRan 
i'3.id to his wife, ,; I see you are as much distressed as I am Oll this 



280 


AHAIH.\N 
IGHT;:)' 


occasion; but I think I haye contrIved u. trick, if you'll assist me, 
'which, while it discoyers our necessities to the caliph and Zobeide, 
will at the same time diyert them. To tLis purpose, y.ou and I 
DlU:.3t both die -." "N ot I, indeed," illtcrrupted his wife, who 
had before listened to him with great attelltion; "if you have 
nothing else to pro}Jose you lllay do that by yourself if you choose 
it. " 
u Y Ol. do Hot suppose, surely," replied IIas
an, ha
tily, "that I 
mean r
ally to die. I propose only that I should feign my
elf dead, 
and you should go in tears to Zobeide, aud by expres/';illg great 
Borrow, moye her pity. On Y!Jur return, I will put the same cheat 
on the caliph, and, besides the usual presents we shall each receive 
on this occa::;ion, I flatter myself the explanation will be very bene- 
ficial to us." 
K ouzhatoul-aouadat now entered into the husband's scheme with 
great readiness. She spread a sheet on the carpet in the middle of 
the ro0111; ou wh
ch Úar:;san laid himself along, with his feet toward 
:Mecca; he crossed his arms, and his wife wrapped him up, and put 
a piece of fine mU151in anù his turban on his face. She then disor- 
dered her dress, and with dismal cries and lamentatiolls ran to Zo- 
beide's apartments. Having obtained admission to the princess 
Bhe redoubled her cries, tore her hair, and expressed every uFpear- 
ance of the most extravagant affliction; to her mistress's eager in- 
quiries into the cause of this sorrow, she was a long time silent; as 
if unable to speak; but at last, seeming to suppress her sighs, she 
said, ",May Heaven prolong your days, most respectable princess! 
Abon Hassan, poor Abon Hassan, whom you honored with your 
esteem, and gave me for a husband; is no more!" 
Zobeide was much afflicted at this news. "Is Abon Hassan 
dead 1" exclaimed she; "that agreeable p]ea,sant man? Alas, he · 
deserved a longer life !" Saying this, she shed tears; and all her 
attendants, to w h0111 Abon Hassan's good humor had much endeared 
him, joined in bewailing his loss. ZoLeide then presented the sup- 
posed widow with a piece of brocade and a hundred pieces of gold. 
" Go,': said she, :c bury the corpse of thy husband in that brocade, 
anù moderat.e the transports óf thy affliction. I will take care of 
thee," 
N ouzhatouI-aouadat, having returned suitable thanks to the 
'Princess, withdrew, and going with great joy to her husband, fìhe 
said} 
 Rise, and see the fruits of your project. N ow let me act 


. 



ENT ERTAIX1IENTS. 


281 


the dead part, and see if you manage the caliph as well as I have 
done Zobeide." 
Abon IIassan wrapped up his wife as she had done him, and 
with his turban 1005ened and put awry on his head, and like a man 
in the deepest sorrow, ran to the caliph, and announced the death 
of his beloved N ouzhatoul-aouadat. That prince was as liberal to 
the fal8'C widower, as his I'rincess had been to her slave; and ALon 
Ha8san left his
atron with a rejoidng helu,t, though his face ex- 
pressed very different associations. 
The caliph was impatient to condole with Zobçide on th
 death 
of her slave. He went inllueùiately 'with 3Iesròur to her apart- 
ments, "here he fouud her drowned in tea.r!::!. lIe !Seated hill1:self 
by her, and in the most tender manner used every argument..iu his 
power to co
sole her. The princess, though highly gratified at thi
 
proof of the caliph's tenderness, was amazed to hear him lament the 
death of N ouzhatoul-aouadat. She thanked him for his affectionate 
attention to her, but added, " Your majesty has been misinformed 
It is not the death of my slave which afflicts me. She was here 
.lust now, in good health, though in much distress. These tears 
are shed for Abon Hassan, whose untimely dissolution grieves me 
much, and cannot, I suppose, be indifferent to your majesty." 
The caliph, who had just parted "ith Abon Hassan, assured her 
that he was alive and well. "iTis his wife," continued he, " who 
is dead; it is only a few minutes since he left me overwhelmed with 
affliction for the 10ðs." 
Zubeide bec
nne a good deal piqued at this answer of the caliph. 
She thought he bantered her. She affirmed with much heat that 
it was Abon Hassan who was dead, und appealed to her nurse and 
other attendants to confirm what she asserted. The caliph was as 
confident he was ali\'e, and his wife .was dead. To close the dispute, 
the monarch proposed to wager his garden of pleasures against the 
princess's palace of paintings. Zobeide agreed; and :\leHour was 
despatched to Ahon Hassau's apartment, charged by both the caliph 
and his lady to return with a strict account. 
Abon Hassan had fureseen this dispute. "Then he perceived 

Iesrour approaching, he prepared bis wife to act the dead part 
again. He spread the piece of Lroca.de over her) and scated him- 
self at the head of the pretended corpse, in great uppal.ent sorrow. 
In this situation the eunuch found him, l\lesrour was aflccted at 
the dismal sight. lIe seated himsclf on the other side of the Luùy, 



282 


A'RABIAN :l\"IG"IITS' 


and began to offer consolation to Abon IIassan. He lifted up t.he 
pall a little at the head, and looking under it, let it fall again, aud 
said, with a deep sigh, " There is no other God but God; we must 
all submit to his will and. return to him." Then turning to ALon 
Hassan, who was sighing and groaning most pitifully, he besought 
him not to indulge in an unavailing sorrow, and having conversed 
with him a little time, he arose and took his leave. 
lUesrour returned to Zobeide 1 s apartment, and on appearing be- 
fore his master, he clapped .his hands, laughing, like one who had 
sOluething very agreeaLle to tell; but the caliph and the princess 
had disputed till they were both out of hUlllor. The impatient 
I1rince cried out, "Vile slave, is this a time to laugh 1 Tcll me 
whicb is dead, the wife or the husband." 
"Commander of the faithful,'
 replied Mesrour, seriously, " it is 
N ouzhatoul-aouadat who is dead." The caliph immediately turning 
to Zubeide, claimed the palace of paintings. The princess pettishly 
replied, "I see your majesty bas contrived with l\Iesrour to chagrin 
me. I myself c
nversed with my slave, who told me her husband 
was dead; my attendants all saw and heard her. This despicable 
slave has brought a false account: I beg I lllay send a person I can 
trust to clear up this matter." 
" I know not," rp-plied the caliph, "who was the author of that 
saying, that women sometimes lose their wits; but I am sure you 
give a proof that he was not mistaken. You may send whom you 
please; but I once more assure you that my own eJes and ears are 
witnesses that Mesrour has told the truth." 
Zobeide despatched her nurse to Abon Hassan's apartment; and 
not choosing to dispute with the caliph, she contented herself with 
reproaching the eunuch. The nlonarch enjoyed her anger; but 
poor 
Iesrour was much mortified. He comforted himsel
 however, 
with the hope that the return of the nurse would set all to rights 
again. 
'\'Vhen Abon Hassan had released his wife from her bands; after 
the departure of l\Iesrour, he said to her, "Though the eunuch did 
not mention his master; I am persuaded that the visit was made by 
his direction. The caliI'h and the princcss I doubt not are debating 
which of us is dead; and as Zobeide will not believe l\lesrour, we 
may expect further inquiries." They sat down, therefore, on a sofa 
oþposite the window, and watched who drew near. 
WheJl they saw the nurse coming, Hassan again appeared as the 



ENTERTAINMEKTS, 


283 


dead body. Nouzhatoul-aouadat placed herself at his head, her 
hair dishevelled, her dress disordered, and herself apparently in the 
utmost distress. The nurse, on entering the apartment, endeavored 
to console her, and when she appeared a little cOIIl:posed, expressed 
ht'r surprise at finding everJthillg the reyorse of what the eunuch 
had reported. "That black-faced .i\lesrour," said she, " deserves 
to be impaled, for having made so great a difference between our 
good mistress and the commander of the faithful. lIe bas had the 
inconceivable impudence to aEsert, before the princess' face, that 
you, daughter, are dead, and Abon IIabsan alive." 
The nurse, having comfortpd the 
uppolSed widow, hastened back 
to Zobeide, and related what she had seen. 
Iesrour was equally 
vexed and dilSappointed at a report so different from what he ex- 
pected. A violent altercation took IJlace between him and the 
nurso; which the princess resented so luuch, that she burt5t into 
tears, and demanded justice of the caliph agailllSt the audacious and 
insolent eunuch. 
But the monarch who had heard their different accounts con- 
sidered that Zobeide herself had been positive on the one hand, 
and he on the other. He began, therefore, to think there was 
something more in the affair than he could comprehend. Haying 
pacified Zobeide, he proposed that they should go together to 
Abon Hassan's apartment, and let their own eyes determine the 
controversy. 
They set forward accordingly, followed by all their retinue. 
Abon Hassan, seeing the cavalcade approach, wrapped his wife up 
as before, and lying down by he.r, contrived to place the brocade 
and turban upon himself. so that on the entrance of the royal visi- 
tors they both appeared as laid out. 
'Vhen the caliph and tho princess entered the roo
, they were 
exceedingly shocked at the dismal sight. After some time, Zo.. 
beide e
claimed with a sigh," Alas! they are both dead! it is 
dangerous jesting on 8uch awful subjects." " You jocularly told 
me," said she to the caliph, "tbat my slave was dead, and now I 
find she is really so. Grief for the loss of her husband has cer- 
tainly killed her." 
'rhe caliph strenuously asserted that ALoll Hassan had been Ull- 
able to support life after the death of N ouzhatoul-aouadat. The 
nurse and :\Iesrour renewed their altercation; and all parties 
fìmnd themselves as far from certainty as ever. In the converB
L' 



284 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


tion the caliph vowed be would give a thousand pieces of gold to 
him who could prove which of the two died first. Instantly a 
hand WM held out, and a voice from under ALon Hassan's pall 
was heard to say, ,
 I died first, commander of the TItithful; give 
me the thousand pieces of gold." At 'the same time ALon Hassan 
threw off the brocade, and prostrated himself at the feet of the 
caliph, as did hi::; wife at those of the princess. 
Abon Has
an related the necessity which gave rise to this de- 
vice, and fini/:;hed his narrative by yery gravely demanding the 
thousand pieces of gold. Zobeide, at first, was very serious, not 
being well pleased to have been so much affii?ted; but the caliph 
Jaughing very heiLl tily at the trick, she at length joined ill his good 
humor; and by their mutual liberality they furnished ALon Haf:j- 
J5an and N ouzhatoul-aouadat with a sufficient income to enjoy their 
favorite plea.sures. 


THE ADVENTURES OF THE CALIPH HAROUN ALRASCHID. 
One of those evenings in which the caliph Haroun Alrascbid 
was pursuing his usual custom of walking in disguise about his 
lilctropolis, to see that good order was everywhere observed, .hA 
took notice of a blind beggar, whose appearance excited his com- 
pa.ssion. He gave him a small piece of money, which the beggar 
received '\vith thankfulness; but at the same time caught hold of 
his cloth.ûs, and said, " Charitable person, whosoever you are, tbat 
God hath inspired with benevolence, I entreat you to give me a 
smart bJow also. Alas! I have deserved a greater punishment." 
'1'he caliph wa
 surprised at this request, which he refused to 
comply with. "Then," replied the beggar, " I must desire you to 
take back your alms, for I have made a solemn 'Vow never to re- 
ceiye the one without the other. If you kuew the reason, you 
would allo\; the penance is not equal to my offences." The ca- 
liph not choosing to be detained; gave him a slight blow; after 
which the bliud man let him go, and thanked him and. blessed him. 
'. The extreme severity \\ith whieh a young man cbasti
eù a very 
beautiful mare, next engaged the caliph's attention, with the more 
reason, as he learut that for many days past the man had exer. 
cised his beast every day with the same severity. Giafar was ùi- 
I.ected by his master to order this man and th
 beggar to attend 
the caliph at the divan next day. 
In his further progress, the 
aliph took notice of a very hand. 



EX] EI:TA.INME
TS. 


285 


Borne house, newly built. lIe inquired who was the owner, and 
was informed that he was called Cogia IIa
::;a,n Alhabbal (rope- 
maker); that very lately he had been 80 exceedingly poor, that he 
could hardly supply his. fa.mily with necesba.ries, but all at Once 
he had become very rich, and defru.yed honorahly the expense he 
now lived at. 1'ho caliph orùored Cogia IIa::;8àn to be summoned 
before him with the other
. 
Next day they all attcnded. The caliph adùressed himself first 
to the beggar, and demanded the reason of his extraordinary con- 
duct. The blind man, having paid his ).espects to the caliph in 
the usual manner, related hi!:! story as follows. 


THE STORY OF THE BLIND MAN, BABA ABDALLAH. 
Commander of the faithful, I anI ready to obey you, though I 
know that in relating the caU8e of my imp08ing this penance upon 
myself, I must discover a very heinous crime to your majesty. 
Whatever further punishment you may order to be inflicted on me, 
I shall submit to it without murmuring. 
I am called Baba Abda.llah, and was Lorn at Bagdad. Ilaving 
hut little fortune to begin the world with I early le-arllt the strict- 
est economy, which very soon became avarice. Bya close atten. 
tion to its dictates, I became possessed of four-score camels, which 
I used to let to the merchants, and drive them myself to whatever 
place they were hired for; by which diligence I 'Was obtaining, 
very fast, a handsome competence. In the midst of this good for- 
tune, as I was returniug one day from Balsora, with mt camels 
unloaded, a dervise joined me on the 'foad. \Ve fell into discourse, 
and presently sitting down
 each produced his provisions and we 
at9 together. After our repast, the dervise told me that he knew 
:)f a treasure near at hand so great, that if all my beaRts were 
laden with gold and jewels, it would not be missed from the heap. 
I was delighted at this news, and entreated the dervise to show 
me where it was, and let me load my camels with it: preposter- 
ously offering to give him one of them. The dervise checked my 
avarice with great good humor. " Will you not be content," said 
he, "if I give you as much treasure as will load forty of your 
camels: to give me the other forty and let me load them on my 
own account. Consider, though you givo me forty of your car- 
riers, you will receivp. by my means as much wealth as would 
purchase many thousands of them. 



286 


ARABIAN 1\lGHTS' 


There was much truth and justice ill this remark, yet I could 
not without reluctance thiuk of agreeing to his request. The 
dervise would in that case be as rich a man as myself: my desire 
of riches also was become so violent, tha.t I thought it wa
 a great 
dcal to spare him one; though I retaincd seventy-ninc. 
But thcre was no time to hesitate; if I did not comply, I must 
give up all hopes of possessing inlluense wealth. I consented, 
therefore, with seeming thankfulness, and we travelled till we 
come to a spacious valley, formed by two mountains. When we 
had advanced some way, the dervise made a fire, and casting a 
perfume into it, he said SOHle words I did not understand; a thick 
cloud arose, and, when it dispersed, we found one of the moun- 
tains opened, and di8covered a prodigious cavern full of all sorts 
of riches. 
I made the camels kneel down as usual to receive their load, 
and then flew like a hungry vulture to my prey. The sacks were 
large, and I would gladly have filled them all, but I was obliged 
to proportion my burden to the strength of my beasts. "\Vhen 
we had laden them with gold and jewels, I observed the dervise 
go to a vessel, and take out a little box, which he put in hi8 bosom; 
but first showed me that it contained only a kind of pomatum. 
The dervise having closed the mountain, we each of us took 
charge of our forty camels, and left the valley. vVe travelled 
together till we came to the great road, where we were to part; 
the dervise go ing to Balsora, and I to Bagdad. Here I poured 
forth lñy acknowledgments in the fullest manner, for the riohes he 
had given me, and we bade each other farewell. 
I had not got many paces before the vilest ingratitude took pos- 
session of me. I not only forgot my obligations to the dervise, 
but determined to deprive him of his share of the treasure we 
had brought from the valley. Having formed this infamous reso- 
lution, I soon found out a specious reason to hide from my heart 
its own baseness. "Is not the dervise," said I," master of this 
immense treasure? Cannot he go to it when he pleases? "\Yhat 
iuj ury then shall I do him." 
I stopped my camels and went up to Ilim, saying; " Brother, it 
occurs to me that you are not used to the management of these 
, beasts, will never be able to conduct. forty of them to Balsora. 
You had better give up ten of them to me." 
" I believe you are right," replied the dervise; "I apprehend 



J-:NTERTA I-:\1IEX fS. 


287 


the difficuHy 
rou mention. Take any ten you please nntl add to 
your own." 
Finding my benefactor so easily persuaded, I proceeded with 
mod
ration. "Y 01.1 will soon find," said I, " That you have done 
wisely in lessening the number of your camels, indeed, the regard 
I have for your safety makes me wish you would part with te11 
more. I can manage a hundred as well as one; but you will find 
twenty too many 1" 
"If you think so, brother," replied the dervise, "take other 
ten." I did so, and was owner of sixty camels, loaded with jewels 
and gold. This immense wealth, instead of satisfying my desires, 
only made me more eager for the remaining twenty. " You, 
brother," said I, "are a good dervise, unattached to the world, and 
intent only on serving God. You will find aU this treasure a 
snare to you. Be content, then, with ten camels, and let me, out 
of friendship to you, drive away the remainder." 
The dervise complied with this unreasonable request also, with. 
out murmuring. I then embraced him, oppressed him with my 
too abundant tbanks, with vows of everlasting gratitude and love; 
and I finished in heseeching him to crown my joy: by giving me 
the other ten also, "Take them, brother," replied the dervise, 
"use them properly. Remember, also, that God can take away 
riches as well as bestow them." 
Though I was much pleased to have acquired so easily t.he 
treasure which I had resolved to obtain Ly violence, if necessary, 
my dm
ires were now become unhounded. Recollecting the box of 
pomatum, which the dervise had taken out of the tr
asury, it oc- 
curred to me that pOSHilJly that box might be of more value than 
all the trea!'ure I had obtained from him; hence I accounted for 
his so readily giving up his forty camels; at any rate, the care 
with which he put it by convinced me tJ.mt it was of great value, 
. and I determined to have it. 
'\Vhen I put the camels in order, I went to the deryise, and em_ 
bracing him, bid him again adieu! but just as I was turning from 
him, I said : ,
 You, who have renounced the vanities of the world, 
can have no use for pomatum. I wish you would make me a pres- 
ent of that you took out of the treasury." "
Iost wIllingly," re- 
plied he, taking the box out of his bosom, and presenting it to m9 
with great good nature. 
I was surprised at his parting with it so readi1 y; I opened tbe 



288 


ARABIAN NH
fi'rS' 


box
 and asked him the use of tþe pomatnm. "It pORResRe
," said 
he, "when applied by mú, very opposite and wonderful qualities. 
If I anoint your left eye with it, you will see all the treat;Llr('S con- 
tained in the bowels of the earth; if I apply it to your }'ight eye, 
you will become blind." 
I was desirous of trying the experiment, and de
Ï1'ed the dervise 
to rub some of it on my left eye. 1Vhen he had done so, I saw 
immense treasures, so diversified, that it is impossible for me to 
describe, or anyone to conceive them. Having contemplated 
these for some time: I requested the dervise to put some of the po- 
matum on my right eye also. 
" How," replied he, starting, "would you have me who have 
done you so much service, become your enemy, and do you an ir- 
reparable injury? I call God to witness that if you persist in 
your resolution, you will become blind immediately." 
The more earnest the dervise was with me to desist, the more I 
determined to persevere. I thought it was incredible that the po. 
matum should have such opposite effects. I bad no doubt but by 
means of some of it, obtained elsewhrre, the dervise had been 
enabled to discover the treasure he had led me to; and I reasoned 
that if the pomatum being applied to one eye eould show me all 
the treasures of the earth, very probably by applying it to the 
other, I luight obtain the means of disposing of them. Prepos- 
sessed with this opinion, I said to the dervise, " You have granted 
me eVGrything I have asked, deny me not this last favor. ,\Yhat- 
ever consequences may ensue, [ excuse you, and take them all upon 
myself. If you persist in refusing me, I shall be convinced you 
have some views of your own, which you wish to conceal: I shall 
cease to consider you as my benefactor, and shall think myself en- 
titled to make you repent your 0 bstinacy." The menacing manner 
in which I uttered these words alarmed the dervise. lIe made 
haRte to apply the pomatum to my right eye, and I instantly be- 
came blind, as you see me now. . 
" Ah! dervise," cried I, at that fatal moment," what you told 
me is too true. U lll)ounded avarice! insatiable thirst of riches! 
to what misery have you rcduced me! but you, dear brother/, said 
I to tho dervise," are charitable and good. Examine into the 
wonderful secrets you know, anù see if you have not one to re- 
store me to my sight again." 
",Miserable wretch," answered the derviie, (, t.hou hust thy 


,.. 



E
TERT.\ I XME:r-rl'S. 


289 


desert.s! the blindness of thy milld was the cause of the loss of thy 
eyes. I have secrets; but llOlle that call re
t()re thee to sight 
Pray to God, if thou believest there is one; it is he alonc who can 
He gave thee riches, of which thOll wert unworthy; he takes 
them from thee again; and will by my hands heFitow them upon 
men who are not so wicked and so ungrateful as thou art." 
The den-ise said no more, and I had nothing to reply; being 
quite confounded, and plunged into inexpressible grief, I besought 
him to take pity on my miserable situation; and at leat:;t to con- 
duct me to the first caravan; but he was deaf to my prayers and 
entreaties, and gathering up my camels be drove them away, leav- 
ing me wretched, poor, and blind. 
'rhus was I reduced, hy my own folly and wickedness, fro111 a 
condition worthy the envy of princes, to beggary. I got to Bag- 
dad by the charitable assistance of some travellers, amI aR I have 
no other way to subsist, I ask alms; but have enjoiued it upon my- 
self, by way of penance, to receive Done, which are not accom- 
panied by a blow from the hand which bestows them. 
\fhen the blind Dlan had finished his story, the caliph E:aid to 
him, t, Baba Abdallah! thy sin is great; but, God he praised! 
thou art thyself sensible of the enormity of it. I will not suffer 
this public penance. I will settle a charity on thee of four sil\"er 
drachms a day and thou mayest then devote the remainder of thy 
days to prayer and private repentance, in which thou canst not bo 
too much in earnest. 
Then turning to the young man who had used his mare so bar- 
barously, he demanded of him the cause of his inhumanity, when 
he gave the following account of himself. 


. 


THE STORY OF SIDI NON:\-IAN. 
l\Iy name is Sidi N onman. I succeeded a few years ago to a 
moderate fortune, the }H'oduce of my father's industry and economy 
l\Iy desires were suitabl
 to my f'tation ; and I only wanted a com t 
panion to t:;hare my felicity, and make it complete. 
III this hope I married, S(Hne time since, and, as it is the custom 
among us to marry without ha.ving seen the bride, I thought myself 
fortunate, when my wife was lJrought home, to find her a yerJ 
beautiful woman. 
Rut the very day aft
r our wedding, a circumstance occurred 
which greatly abated my joy. When we sat down to dinner,. 
18 



2ÜO 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


begaIt to eat rice with a spoon as usual; 'but my wife pulled_ a 
little case ou\; of her pocket, and taking out r.. bodkin, !:)he lJickeù 
up the rice grain by grain. 
I was surprised to see her eat in this manner, and entreated her 
earnestly to eat as I did. She did not even conùescend to answer 
me; but continued to pick up her rice fiS she had begun, I be- 
came angry; yet recollecting that she had not 'been used to eat 
with men, I imputed her conduct to modesty; and left her after 
dinner without sho'wing any signs of displeasure. 
.As 
he continued this practice, I became seriou
Iy uneasy at it. 
'Vhen she did not eat rice, she would put a few crumbs of bread 
into her mouth, but not so much as a sparrow could eat. I knew 
it was impossible for anyone to live on such little food, and con- 
cluding there must be SOllie mystery in the business, I determined 
to dissemble, and while I seemed to take no notice of her actions, 
to watch her with the closest attention. 
One night when Amina (that was her name) thought me fa
t 
asleep, she got out of bed, dre::;sed herself, and went out very 
softly. I feigned a sound sleep; but the moment she left the 
room, I haf;tily slipped Oll my clothes, and followed her into the 
Btrect. 

he went to a. burying;-place at the end of the town; it was moon- 
light. I got to the end of the wall, taking care not to be discov- 
ered; and looking ovpr, I saw Amina with a gQule. 
Your majesty, no doubt, knows that goulos are wandering de- 
mons, who generally resort to decayed buildings, whence they rush 
on people passing by, kill them, and eat their flesh; and that in 
want of prC'y, they will go by night into the burying-grounds and 
feed n}1on the dpad bodies. 
I was exceedingly shocked to see my wife with this genIe. 
They dug up a body which had heen huried that day, and tho 
goulc cutting i.he flesh into slices, they ate together. I was (00 
far off to hear their discourse, which no doubt ,vas as horrid as 
their feast. 
I went home with ideas I know not how to describe, and laying 
down, "hen Amina rcturned 1 pretendcd to be fast aslcpp. She 
did not stay long aftcr me, and coming to hed very !:)iIently, she 
ejther fcll 3s1cnp, or Reemc<l to llo so. 
I was so struck with the abominahle action I had Bceil, thàt it 
was with reluctanco I suffered her to lay hy me. T aro
e at da.y- 



El\TEHT AHOIENTS. 


291 


brea.k, and went to the mosque. After prayers, finding my mind 
gi eatly agitated, I passed the morning in t.he gardens, deliberating 
with myself how I ought to act. I rejected all violent measures; 
and resolved tha.t I would endeavor to reform her by gentle and 
affectionate expostul!Ltion. 
\\Then I returned, and dinner was sen ed, Amilia ate as usual. 
The table being cleared, I dJ ew near to her and said, " ),by, my 
dear Amina, will you per8ist in despi:sing my table, and not eating 
Jour food with me 1 I have tried every sort of dainty, yet you 
stiU refuse to forego your contemptuous abstinence. Tell Ine, I 
conjure you, Amina, are not the meats served up at my table bet- 
ter than dead men's flesh 1" 
I had no sooner uttered these words than sbe flew in a l.age, her 
face became distorted, her eyes were ready to start from her 
head; she even foamed with passion. Frightened at her appear- 
ance, I sat imlllovable. In the mid:st of the most horrid execra- 
tions, she threw some water in my face; and adùeù, h Heceive 
the reward of thy impertinent curiosity." I instantly became a 
dog. 
,My terror and grief at this transformation were exh'eme ; but my 
attention was Pl'esently called to my safety; for Amina presently 
took up a great stick, alld beat me till she 'was weary. She 
then opened the street door, with an intent to squeez
 me between 
that and the wall; but I was aware of her cruel design, and look- 
ing earnestly in her face, I whipped through so nimhlyas to escape 
with only the loss of part of my tail. 
The pain I felt made me cry out and howl. This brought me 
a number of other dogs about me; to avoid them I took shelter in 
the shop of a tripe-seller. 'l'hi
 man was, unfortullatùly, one of 
those superstitious persons who think dogs unclean creatures; 
and that, if by chance, one happen to touch ono of them, no wash- 
ing scarcely is sufficient to make one clean again. \Vhile this 
man was driving away the other dogs, I hid myself out of his 
reach, and passed the night in his hOl1se, very much against his 
inclination, Indeed, I stood in need of rest to recovor Amina's ill 
tJ eatment of me. 
In the morning I crept out of my hole, but soon found from the 
ma.nners of my host, that I must seek another asylum. lIe dl'oçe 
me uut of his house with great indignation. A few doors farthet 
there lived a baker, of a temper very different from the tripe m(1.Jl 



292 


AU.ABIAN KIG HTS' 


He was mðrryand good humored, whereas the latter was eaten 
up with melancholy. 
ro this baker I prcsented myself, and 80 
managed that he seemed to find out what I wanted; for he not 
only fed me, but showed me a place 'where to lie, which I imme- 
diately took possession of. 
1\ly new master became vcry fond of me; and I, on my part, 
showed every mark of fidclity and attachment. Oue day a woman 
came into the shop to buy some bread, aud offcred a piece of bad 
money anlOIlg some good. The baker refused it; the woman in- 
sisted it was good. "Good," replied my master; ., why, my very 
dog knows better! Here." said he, caning me to leap on the 
counter, " tell me which of these pieces of money is bad 1" I look- 
ed at the several pieces, and putting my paw on the bad piece, 
separated it from the others. 
The baker who lleyer in the least thought of my finding out the 
bad piece, but only called me to banter the woman, was very 
mud} surprised. The woman also was in confusion. l\Iy master 
related the story to hi
 neighbors, and the woman to her acquain- 
tance; so that the fame of my abilities was spread all oyer the 
city; and my master had so many new customers, who came to see 
my performance, that he owned to his neighbors I was a treasure 
to him. 
:Many people endea,yored in vain to steal me from my friendly 
master; but one morning a woman who came to try my knO'wledge 
of money, upon my pointing out the piece that was bad, said, with 
particular point, " Yes, thou art in the right of it; it is bad." She 
stayed some time in the shop, and made me a signal, unobserved 
by the baker, to follow her. 
I was always attentive to anything which seemed likely to lead 
to my deliverance. I took notice of the woman's singular be- 
havior; and when she was departing, I kept my eyes fixed upou 
her. After she had gone a few steps, she turned about and again 
made me a sign to go with her. 
I hesitated no longer; but observing my mastcr was busy, I 
jumped off the counter, and followed her. Sho seemod overjoyed, 
and after we had gone a little way, she opened a door and calling 
me, said, " Thou wilt not repent thy coming with me." 
She carried me into a chamber where there was a young lady, 
working embroidery. "Daughter," said she, "I hllvO brought 
the baker's famous dog, tbat can distinguish money. Am I right 



E
TEL{TAnOIEXTS. 


293 


in my conjecture that it is a man transformed into this animal?" 
" Yon are right, mother," replied the lady. The11 rising up she 
threw some water over me saying, "If thou 'Ya
t ereated a dog, 
remain 
o; hut if thou wert a man, resumc thy former shape." At 
that inl::!tant the enchantment was at an end, and I became a man 
as before. 
I returned proper acknowledgments to the two ladies to whom 
lowed my deliverance; and at their desire related the circum- 
stances that led to my transformation. "I know Amina well," 
Baid the young lady, ,; we both learned magic under the Ballie IHis- 
trel:'s. But our tempers are different, and we have ayoided each 
other. I am not at all surprised at her wickedness, and will ena- 
ble you to punish her as she deserves." 
l\ly benefactress withdrew to consult her books; and presently 
returned with a little bottle in her hand. "Sidi N onman," said 
she, " your wifè is now abroad, but will return speedily; take this 
little bottle, and go home immediately. \Vhen she comes home 
meet her abruptly. She will then turn back to run away. Be 
sure to have this bottle ready, and throw some liquor it contains 
upon her, saying, boldly, 'Receive the chastisement of thy wicked- 
ness.' I will tell you no more, you will see the effect." 
After repeating my thanks to my deliverers, I weut home. 
A.mina was not long before she returned also. I met her in the 
yard. As soon as she saw me &he shrieked, and turned to run 
away. I pursued the directions I had received, and she became 
the mare your majesty saw me upon yesterda,y. I seized her and 
led her into a stable, where I tied her to a manger, and whipped 
her till I was weary, reproaching her all the wbile with her enor- 
mities. Since then I have punished her every day, in the Dlanner 
your majesty saw; and I hope you will think I have not dealt 
too severely by so very ,,-jcked a womau. 
" I do not absolutely condemn thy severity," replied the caliph; 
"thou hast certainly received grEat provocation; but surely it is 
severe punisllment to be reduced into the number of beasts, and I 
would have thee be content with that chastiðement which I do not 
desire should be done away, lest thou shouldst be exposed to more 
mischief from thy wife's revenge." 
The caliph then turned himself to the third person who had 
been summoned. "Cogia Hassan," said he, " }Jassing by thy houso 
ye
terday, I was induced, by its handsome appearance, to inquire 


, 



294 


ARABIAN KIG IlTS 


* 
after the owner. I was informed, that not long since thou wabt 
very poor, and could sca.rcely get brea.d for thy family; yet thvu 
hast since built that palace, aud livest plenteol1tìly. rfhy neigh- 
bors also speak well of thee; as thou lllake
t a good w:;e of thy 
weal tho 
"All. this plmtEes me; but I am persuaded tha.t thou hast oh- 
tained riches in an unusual manner; I am curious to know how 
thou hast become wealthy; speak the truth, that, when I know 
thy story, I may rejoice with thee." 
Gogia Hassan paid the usual homage to the caliph, and thus 
obeyed his commands. 


THE STORY OF COGIA HASSAN ALHABBAL. 
It is necessary, before I say anything to your majesty of my 
own affairs, to acquaint you that there are now living in Bagdad 
two intimate friends, whose manners are much alike, though their 
fortunes 'Vary. Saadi being very lich; while Saad enjoys with 
content a moderate competence. 
1.'hese persons had long de bated on the different degrees in life; 
and the means of man's advancement in it. Sandi asserted that 
, 
setting idleness and vice ont of the question, any man p08seRsing a 
moderate sum of money to begin the world with, must infallibly 
grow rich. 1Vhile Saad contcnded that accident often prevented, 
and often promoted, the success of human affairs. 
As they had frequently canvassed this matter over, Saadi put 
two hundred piece
 of gold in a bag, and said to his friend; "I 
have resolved to try an experiment, whether my opinion is not well 
founded. \\T e will find out some honest, diligent artisan, who is 
poor. I. will give him this sum to set him forward; and I douLt 
not a few months will prove tho truth of this remark." 
I was the fortunate man with whom trial was agreed to be made. 
rThe friends came to me while I '\vas busy in my paternal occupa- 
tion of rope-making. l\ly diligent attention to labor had been often 
remarked Ly them in the cOUl
se of their dispute; and my l)overty 
was apparent enough. 
Sandi questioned me on the canse of my needy appearance, 
" Yon arc al \\Tays at work," said he, "yet your circumstances do 
nüt seem to improve!" "Alas, sir,'
 replied I, "let me work a9 
hard as I will, I can hardly 1uy bread and pulse for my fa.uily. I 
have a wife and five children whom I must feed and clothe; and 



ENTERTAIl\MENTS. 


2ú5 


in our þOor way they still want a thousand necessaries which my 
labor will not supply. It is enough if we are content with the lit- 
tle God sends us; t5atisfied to live in the way we have been bred 
up, aJ..d thankful that we have no occasion to ask charity." 
" But," said Saadi, h if I was to give you two hundred pieces of 
gold, do you think that with such a sum you eould get forward ill 
the world 1" "You do not look, sir," replied I, " as if you meant 
to banter me; I therefore answer, seriously, that such a sum 
would, in a short time, make me richer than any man of my pro- 
fession in Bagdad." The generous Saadi soon convinced me that 
he was in earnest, for, putting the p'!rse into my hand, he said, 
c, Here is the sum I mentioned; take it, and I pray God to bless you 
with it All the return I desire is to see you make a good use of it, 
and that we may have the pleasure to find it has contributed to 
make you happier than you are now." 
I was transported with joy at this unexpected event, and scane 
knew how to express my gratitude. The two friends, having re- 
peated their gfJod advice, left me; and I began to consider where 
I should bestow my treasure, having neither box nor cupboard to 
lock it up in. I had been used, as most poor people do, 'When I 
had a little money, to put it in the foldings of my turban. Ire- 
Bolved to do so with this large sum; first taking out ten pieces for 
present necessaries. 
I then went and bought some hemp; and as my family had 
eaten no fresh meat for a long time, I went to the shambles and 
bought some for supper. As I was carrying my meat home on my 
head, a famished kite flew at it, and would have snatched it fronl 
me. In the struggle it fell from my head, yet I still kept hold of 
it. But my turban falling off, and some pieces of meat sticking to 
it, the kite made a stoop at that, and catching it up, flew awa.y 
with it. 
:My sorrow for this 108S was inconceivable. I had indeed laid 
out part of the ten pieces in hemp; yet a great part of what was 
left went to buy a new turban. l\Iy hopes were all at an end. But 
I can truly say that my greatest concern was that I should be 
obliged to give my benefactor so bad an account of his liheral 
dona.tion. 
"\Vhile the remainder of the ten pieces lasted, my little fa.mily 
and I fared the better for it; but we soon returned to our usual 
IJoverty. I did not, however, repine. "God," said I, " was pleased 



296 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


to give me riehes when I least expected them; find has thought 
fit to take them away from me again. I 'will praLse his name fÙl 
the benefits I have receiyed, and suLmit myself entirely to his will." 
In about 8ix months, as I was at work. I saw the two friends 
coming toward me, and heard Saad say, "I see no difference in the 
appearance of Hassan Alhabbal, but that he hath 
ot a new turban. 
I doubt you will not find his affairs much menùed." 
By this time they were come so near, that Saadi, instead of 
answering his friend, saluted me. " \Vell, I1assall," said he,:' we 
do not ask you how your affairs go since we saw you. No doubt, 
they carry a better face." 

 
"Gentlemen," replied I, "I have the mortification to tell YOt. 
that your bounty to me has not prospered in my hands. I can 
scarce expect you will believe the cause of your disappointment. 
I assure you, neyertheless, on the word of an honest man, that 
what I am about to tell you is exactly true." I then related to 
them what had happened. 
Saadi heard my account with incredulity and impatience. "What 
a fable have you invented, Hassan," replied he, indignantly. 
"Kites are birds of prey, who seek only the means of gratifying 
their hunger. V\
ho ever heard of their seizing turbans 1 you have 
done as other idle fellows do; having unexpectedly obtained a sum 
of money, you have neglected your affairs, and squandered it in 
gratifying your appetites." The manner in which I bore theE:e 
reproaches convinced Saad that I did not deserye them. He took 
my part warmly, and with so much success) that Saadi consented 
to renew his experiment, and to give me two hundred pieces of 
gold again. 
When the friends left me I went home rejoicing. Finding neither 
my wife nor children at horne, I separated ten pieces from the 
two hundred
 and tied up the remainder in a clean linen cloth; 
but was at a loss where to place it that it might be safe. At last 
I Cdst my eyes on a large jar which stood in a corner full of 
bran. Amidst l!lis bran, which we seldom used, I depo!:5ited my 
treasure, and having but little he.mp in the Louse, I went out to 
buy some. 
1Vhile I was gone my '\-vife returned. It chanced that a salld
 
man passed by, and, as we wanted sand and my wife had no money 
to buy any, she struck a bargain with the sand-man to barter away 
the jar of bran for a supply of his sand, anù accOl.dingly delivered 



ENTERTAI
MENTS. 


297 


p 
it to him, ",ith thi hundred and ninety pieces of glld at the bot.. 
tom of it. 
Soon after I returned laden ,,"ith hemp, and in high spirits fOI 
this second unexpected good fortune. But my joy was soon a.t ELI: 
end when I missed the jar of bran. I ha
tily asked what was be. 
come of it; and soon learnt that by an mutccoulltable ac.cident, 
which I could neither foresee nor prevent, my hopes of fortune 
were again destroyed. 
But I was obliged to forget my own sorrow for a time, to sup- 
port my wife who \'Vas inconsolahle. 'V omen are often eloquent 
in their grief. Her lamentations were excessive. I represented 
to her that it was better to bear our loss patiently, than by clam. 
orously lamenting it, excite the ridicule rather than the pity of 
our neið'hbors. "It is true," continued I, " we have twice had the 
means of becoming rich in our power, and each time have lost 
them by extraordinary chances. But though we are poor,. do we 
not breathe the same air, and enjoy the same light and warmth as 
the ,,,ea.lthy 1 If our mealis are still slender, let our wh3hes con- 
tinue moderate, and then the difference bet'Teen poor and rich 
is but inconsiderable; especially if we live as we ought to do, in 
the fear of God." By these arguments I pacified my wife, and 
returning cheerfully to my labor, I very soon recovered my spirits. 
.A considerable time afterward, as I was at work, I saw tbe two 
friends coming toward me. I was covered with confusion, and 
was about to run away and hide myself; but recollecting that 
such a conduct would imply guilt, and though I was unfortunate 
I was not criminal, I determined to face their reproaches. 
'Yhen they came up to me, I directly told them the particulars 
of D1Y last misfortune, and that I was as poor as ever. I added, 
" I see it h3-s pleased God that I am not to be enriched by Jour 
bounty. I am born to poverty; but my obligation to you is as 
great as if your generous intentions had taken place." 
Saadi heard me out
 and answered with good humor, "Though 
all you tell us, Hassan, may be true, and our disappointment may 
110t be owing to your idleness or extravagance, yet I Rhall pursue 
tbis experiment no further. I do not regret having given YOlt 
four hundred pieces of gold to raise you in the 'world; I am only 

orry I did not meet with some other man who Illight haye marle 
a better use of my charity. You see," said he, turning to Saad, 
J
 I do nc-t gi,'e np my argument. It is now your turn to try. Let 



29B 


ARABIAN 
"'IGIITS' 


. 
Hassan be the man; and see if without giving him money YOti 
can mend his fortune." Saad smiled, and having in his hanl a 
piecE) of lead, which he had picked up in his walk, he gave it to 
111e, saying, " Here, Hassan, take this; and see if one day you will 
not give me a good account of it." Saadi laughed at his friend; 
and, indeed, I thought he was in jest. However, I took the lead 
and thanked him, and put it in my pocket. The gentlemen pur- 
sued their walk, and I returned to my work, 
When I was going to rest, the piece of lead, which I had never 
thought of from the time I received it, fell out of my pocket. I 
took it up and put it on the shelf. 'fhe same night it happencd 
that a fisherman, who lived just by, was mending his nets, and 
found a piece of lead was missing; it was too late to buy any, and 
he must either fiHh that night, or his family go without bread next 
day. In this necessity he sent his wife to beg a bit. of lead of any 
of his neighbors; but, as it was late, and everyùody in bed, some 
called out that they had none, others t)colding her for disturbillg 
them, and many would give no answer at all. 'fhe poor woman 
began to 
espair of success, when coming to my door, she thought 
she would try once more. 
She knocked accordingly, and called out for what she wanted, 
I was ill a sound sleep when she came; but when. 1. awoke I rec- 
ollected the piece of lead which Saad had given me; I arose and 
gave it her. The fisherman's wife was so overjoyed, that she 
promised we should have the first cast of the net; and when Bhe 
told her husba.nd what had befallen her, he much approved her 
promise. 
At his first throw he caught only one large fish, which he put 
by for me, and on his return gave it to me according to his wife's 
promise. I accepted my neighbor's present very thankfully, and 
carrying it home told my wife how I came by it. " It will be all," 
said I, " that we can expect ii.om Saad's lead." 
In g;utting the fish, my wife found a large diamond. which she 
supposed was a piece of glass. She washed it, and gave it to the 
children for a plaything. At night, when the lamp was lighted, 
the reflection of the light upon the diamond was so beautiful, thn.t 
they were ready to scramble for it, all making a violent noise. 
1'here lived next door to me a very rich Jew, who was a jmy- 
eller. The noise the children had made haying disturbed him, 
his wife came next day to complain of it. l\Iy wife toìd her the 



1<:
TERT AIN)m
TS. 


20!l 


oause of t.he clamor, and, reaching the di
mond from the chimney, 
showed her the piece of glass, as she called it, which she had 
found in the belly of the fish, and which the children fell out 
about. 
The Jewess immediately knew it was a diamond of very great 
value. She looked at it for some time, and then returning it to 
my wife, said, coolly, " It is a pretty piece of glass enough: I have 
got just such another; find as they will match together, if you 
will sell me yours, I "ill give you a trifle for it." 1'he children 
hearing this, began to e11treat their mother not to 8ell their play- 
thing; and to quiet them, 'she promised she would not. The J ew- 
ess, being thus disappointed, took her leave; but first whispered 
my wife to desire, if it was sold, she might be the purchaf"oer. 
The Jewess hastened to her husband, who was at his shop, and 
told him what had happened. She gave him Ruch an account of 
the diamond, tha t he sent her back directly, with orders to offcr a 
small sum at first for it, and so rise by degrees; but by no meaus 
to come away without it. 
I\-Iy wife was surprised to sce the J ewess come again to OHr 
house, for, as they were rich, and ",..e 11001'; they had always held 
us in contempt. She came IJOW in a very f.uniliar manner, and, 
after talking of other things, she carelesl.-lly offered twenty pieces 
of gold for the piece of glass. The sum appeared to my wife so 
considerable, that Ehe told her she could not part with it without 
consulting me. 
""hen I came home to dinner, while my wife was giving this 
account, the J ewess entered, and repeated her offer to me. It 
struck me that Saad had given me that piece of lead to make my 
fortune, and as I was revolving thiR in my mind, I did not answer 
immediatf'ly; on which the J ewess t5aid, " If that won't do, I will 
give you fifty," 
She was unguarcted for one moment, and that WfiS enough, for 
I told her I knew it was a jewel, Q-nd of great valuc. She la.ughed 
at me; yet continued advancing in priC'e, till, by dC'gr('cs, she had 
offered me fifty thousand pieces of gold. I thpn told her I would 
have a hundred thousand pieceR for it; on which 
he gave up the 
matter, and we parted. 
In the evening her llUshand came, and desired to sce my dia- 
mond, as he readily called it. Having examined it he offered me 
seventy thousand pieces; after much caviling he came up to my 



300 


ARABIA
 NIGHTS' 


price, and paid me one hundred thousand pieces of gold, on my 
delivering him the diamond. 
Being thus enriched beyond my imagination, I determined not 
to live a life of idleness. I took large warehouses, and engaged a 
number of workmen in my own business; and by diligence and 
punctuality I am become the most considerable merchant in my 
line. 
I never forgot how much lowed to Saad and Saadi. I would 
have gone and thrown myself at their feet, if I had known where 
they lived; but I heard nothing of them for a long time: at length 
the two friends, walking near myoid habitation, recollected me, 
and determined to inquire what had become of me. They were 
surprised to hear that I now was a grea,t merchant, had built a 
large palace, and was no longer Hassan Alhabbal, or Hassan the 
rope-maker; but Cogia Hassan, or :l\Ierchant Hassan. 
They set out immediately for my house, and, as they walked, 

aadi said, " I am overjoyed that I have raised Hassan's fortune, 
but cannot forgive the two lies he told me, by which he obtained 
four hundred pieces instead of two; for neither I, nor anyone 
can imagine he has got rich by any other meaus." Saad smiled 
and was silent. 
When they arrived at my house, the grandeur of it struck them 
so much that they could scarcely believe it belonged to the same 
Hassan they had lately known in such extreme poverty. As soon 
as I saw them I rose and ran to meet them, and would have kissed. 
the hem of their garments if they would have permitted me. They 
congratulated me on my good fortune; on my part I rec2ived them 
with the sincerest joy, assuring them that I had not forgot that I 
had been Hassan Alhabbal, or the obligations I had to them. 
After they had sat down, Saadi said, ,t I am very glad, Cogia 
Hassan, to see you in this flourishing situation. I have no doubt 
but that you have judiciously managed the four hundred pieces of 
gold you received from me; but. it vexes me that you should h1L\"e 
inyented two such incredible tales, when the tru[h would hayc done 
you so much more honor." 
In answer to this charge I related the manner in which I had 
obtained my wealth. Saad rejoiced exceedingly ill the adventure; . 
Imt Saadi was not so soon convinced. "This story," said he, " of 
the fish and the diamond found in his belly, is more unlikely than 
those of the kite and turban, or the jar of bran; be it as. it may, 



ENTERT AIN:\IE:KTS. 


301 


r am glad
 Cogia Hassan, that you are no longer poor, and that I 
am the cause of your good fortune." As I found it was in vain to 
combat any further the prejudices of Saadi, I contended myself 
with giving him a general answer expressive of my gr
titude to 
them both; and desiring they would pass the evening with me, and 
go the next day to my country house, which was not far from Bag- 
dad, to which they agreed. 
'\Ve arrived there next morning, and, walking in the garden, we 
t 
met my two sons and their tutor. It was the hour of their amuse- 
ment, and the lads having found out a large bird's nest the day 
before, had prevailed upon a slave to climb the tree and get it for 
them. He came down with it just as we arrived. 
On examining the nest we found it was .built in a turban. '1'he 
circumstance excited all our attention, and we surveyed it closely; 
when I soon knew it to be the same turban the kite had snatched 
from me. I pointed out to my guests the impossibility of any humnn 
hand having formed such a nest, and the apparent certainty that 
the turban must have lain in the tree a considerable time. I then 
ordered my slave to pull it to pieces; and in it we found the hun- 
dred and ninety pieces of gold in the same bag in which Saadi had 
given them to me. 
:My benefactor could not dispute 80 IDitnifest a truth. "I Dm 
convinced," said be, '.' that you did lose the first sum I gave you, and 
entirely acquit you of having obtained by fraud a second supply; 
but that you lost the last sum in a jar of bran, I cannot help doubt- 
ing still. That money, I am yet inclined to think, was the first 
step to )'ou1' present opulence." I had too much gratitude to con- 
test with Saad:; I contented myself with joking with him on his 
incredulity, and we pursued our amusements. 
In the evening we returned to Bagdad; and putting up our 
horses, we continued in the stable to see them fed. By the negligenc(' 
of my servants, we were out of oats; and the store-houses beillg 
all 8hut, I sent a slave to a neip;hboring shop to buy some bran 
lIe returned with a jar, which he emptied bpfore us. Saadi per- 
eei\
ed something Lnlky to fall out with the bran, stooped to pick 
it up. It was a linen cloth-heavy and ticrl very tight. Before ho 
opened it, I recollected it; and told him Pro\"idC'llce 'would not 
Buffer us to part, till he was_ fully convinced of my integrity. 1f e 
found in it the other hundred and ninety pieces I had lost. 
Saadi embraced me, and acknowledged himself overcome. .W u 


. 



302 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


agreed to give the two sums, so opportunely recovered, to the poor. 
1 am rejoiced to finish my 8tory by adding, that Saadi and Saad 
received me into t.heir friendship, which is one of the greatest fclici- 
ties of my present situation. 
The caliph listened to this narrative with attention. 'Yhen it 
was finished, he Raid, " Cogia Hassan, I have not a long time heard 
anything that has given me more pleasure, than t.his account of the 
wonderful manner in which God has given tlwe riches. Continue 
to return him thanks by the good use thou makest of his blessings. 
'rhe diamond which made thy fortune is in my treasury. Take 
thy friends there, and I will order my treasurer to show it them. 
Relate also thy story again' to him, that he may 11ut it in writing, 
and keep it with the diamond." 
'rhe caliph then dismissed Cogia IIassan, Sidi N omnan, and 
Baba Abdallah; who, having taken leave by the cu:stomary sahlta- 
tions, retired. 


THE STORY OF ALl BABA, AND THE FORTY THIEVES. 
In a town in Persia, there lived two brothers, called Cassim and 
A Ii Baba. Their fat,her had left the lit.tle substance he had be- 
tween them; but they were not equally fortunate. Cassim mar- 
ried a wife who had a large fortune; and became a wealthy and 
considerable merchant. Ali Baba married a woman as poor as 
himself. His whole substance consisted of three asses, which he 
used to drive to a neighboring forest, and loaded with wood, which 
he sold in the town, earning thereby a hard maintenance for his 
:Htmily. 
One day when Ali .Eaba was in the forest, and had just cut woO" 
enough to load his asses, he saw at a distance a cloud of dust 
which seemed to approach toward him. He observed it attentively, 
aud distingui:shcd a large body of horscmen. As they drew near 
he began to apprchcnd they might be thicn
s; he therefore climbed 
a tree, from whence he could Bee all that passed, without being 
discovered. 
Tho troop came directly to the spot where Ali naba had taken 
shelter. lIe counted forty of them; who dismounting, gaye them 
provûndcr, then taking oil. their portmanteaus, thoy arranged them- 
selves under the conduct of one who seemed to he their commander. 
'rhcy were in fact a gang of banditti, who made that plaoe tlH'ir 
rl'ndezyou8. The captain, traversing among the shrubs) said, 





ENTER'!' AI.N)lE
TS. 


303 


"Sesame" (which is a kind of corn), c: open!" Immediately a door 
opened in an adjoining rock-when the captain and his troop went 
in, a.nd the door shut again. 
The thieves staid SOllie time within the rock; and Ali Balm, who 
feared he should be surprised, if he attempted to escape, Bat very 
patiently in the tree till they came out again. 1'he captain caDle 
out first, and stood at the door till they had all passed him, when 
he said, "Shut, Sesame!" The door closed immediately. Every 
man then mounted his horse; and the captain putting himself at 
, their head, they rode off together. 
Ali Baba, stayed in the t1.ee as long as he could see the least trace 
of the dust they raised. lIe then descended, and presently found 
out the door, and, remembering the words the captain had used, he 
said, "Open, Sesame!" when the door flew wide open. lIe entered 
the cavern, which he found spacious, and well lighted from the 
top of the rock. The door shut after him; but as he knew how 
to open it, he was no ways alarmed. He found in the cavern a 
great store of rich merchandise, and such an imlllen
e quantity ot 
gold and silver as convinced him that the cavern must have been 
the repository of robbers for several generations. 
He removed as many bags of gold close to the door, as he thought 
his three asses co
ld carry; then pronouncing the spell, the door 
opened, and he loaded thcm-covering his trcasure with a few 
green boughs. When he got home, he droye his aSBes into a little 
yard, and. removing the boughs, he carried the bags into his house. 
"\Vhen Ali Baha's wife found the bags were full of money, she 
was alarmed-fearing lest their poverty should have hetraJed him 
to rob somebody. lIe pacified her, by relating the story of his 
good fortune. He then emptied the bags on the floor, which raised 
such a heap of gold as delighted her. Ali Baba charged her to 
be prudent and secret. lIe resol vcd to bury most of his treasure, 
and to emerge from his apparent poveriy by degrees; but his wife 
disappointed his prudent purpose. In the playfulness of her fancy, 
f!he would count the gold; but finding that business likely to be 
very tedious, res01ved to measure it. She went, therefore, to Cas. 
Bim's house, who lived just by, to borrow a small DlCaSUre. 
Cassim's wife \\'as curious to know what sort of corn Ali Baba 
had got. She weut to another room to fetch the measure, and be- 
fore she brought it to her, she rubbed the bottom all over with 
suet. Ali Baha's wife went home, and filled the measure 80 ofteD 



304 


ARABIA
 r\Hal'rS' 


with the gold, that 
he was very much pleased with the amount. 
\Vhen she had done she carried back the measure, and delivered 
it to the wife of Cassim, without observing a piece of gold which 
stuck to the bottom of it. 
'Vhen Cassilll's wife saw the piece of gold her heart Bunk 
within her. "'\'
hat!" exclaimed she," has Ali Daba money so 
plenty as to measure it 1 he whom we have always despised for 
his poverty! how has he obtained his wealth? will he not now 
t:etort our contempt, and out-figure us 1" She tormented hers
lf 
with these reflectiolls till her husband came home, to whom she 
related the story, and produced the measure with the picce of 
gold. 
Cassim joined his wife in her nal'row and envious ideas. In- 
stead of rejoicing at his brother's change of fortune, he now as 
unjustly hated him, as he had beforc cruelly neglected und despised 
him. After passing the night in'that uneasincss which base pas- 
sions e,cr excite, he arose early in the morning, and went to Ali 
Baba. " Brothcr," said he, " you are very re:5erved in your aflhirs. 
You pretcnd to be miseraLly poor, yet have gold in such abun- 
dance that you measur.e it!" lIe then showed him the piece of 
gold sticking at the bottom of the measure. 
All Baba saw it was impossible to keep his secret from his 
brother; be therefore frankly related his adventure to him, find of- 
fered him half the gold to conceal it. " No!" replied Cassim, 
haughtily, "I will know where this treasure is, and thc meal.ls (if 
coming at it, that I may go to it when I please; if you do not 
agree to this, I will inform the. magistrate of tho affair; w hen you 
will be well off, if you escape with the loss of your ne\l'ly-got
 
ten wealth." Ali Baba knew this would ùe the caf;e if Cas:5im in- 
formed against him; he thereforé complied without murmuring; 
def;cribed the spot to his brother vcry exactly; and told him the 
words he must Ut;e to gain admission. 
Cassim haying obtained this ilJforrnation, prepared to avail him- 
Belf of it with great diligence. lIe purchased ten mules, and had 
large panniers made to fit them exactly; and the next morning he 
Bet off before daybreak, resolving to be beforehand v\'Ïth his brother, 
and to secure all the treasure to himself. lIe rea.dily found the 
rock and the door; and when he had prollounced the words, "Open, 
Sesamc," the door flew open and he entered the can
rn. lIe 
was agreeahly surprised to find the richcs ill it exceed his most 



EXTEUTAINMEXTS. 


30ë) 


sanguine expectation.. lIe spent some time in feastl
g his eyes 
with the treasure; after which he removed as many bags of gold 
to the door a..
 he thought his mules could carry, and regretted 
that he had not brought a. larger number; but when he wit:;hed to 
open the cavern, his thoughts were so full of the grea.t riches be 
should possess, that he could not recollect the necessary word. 
Instead of Sesame, he said, " Open, Barley,'i and was much alarmed 
to find the door continue shut. lIe named several other "orts of 
grain, to as little purpose. He walked about the cave several 
hours with all the horrors of approaching death, "hich he klle,v 
must bcfall him, if the thieves found him there. Regarùles8 of the 
treasure that surrounded him, be lJas
ed his time in lal1lCl1til1g his 
unjust treatment of his brother, and in fruitless attempts to call to 
mind the fatal word, which the more he tried to remember, "as 
the more absent from his recollection. 
At length the thieves arrived, and E1eeing Cassim's mules strag- 
gling about, they were alarmed. 1Yhile some of them searched the 
rock, others, with the captain at their head, drew their sabres, 
went directly to the door, and speaking the proper words, it opened. 
Caasim, who heard the trampiing of the. horses, never doubted 
of the coming of the thieveE, or of his own certain destruction. 
He resolved to make one effort to escape. He stood ready at the 
door, and no sooner heard the word" Sesame," than he I3prang out 
briskly, and threw the captain down; but the other thieves with 
their sabres presently dispatched him. 
\Vhen they entered the cave they found all the bags which Cas- 
sim had brought to the door to load his mules with. They ealSily 
judged that when he was in, he could not get out again; but 
they could not conceive how it was possible for him to get there 
at all. They agreed to cut the body into qua.rters and hang them 
up within the door of the cave, to terrify any other person from a 
like attempt. lla\Ting settled this and their other affairs, they again 
took horse, and rode in pursuit of booty aH usual. 
In the meantime, CaRsim's wife became very uneasy at his absence, 
She passed the night in the utmost 9istres::;, coudelllning her own 
impertinent curiosity, and dreading the evils which her heart fore- 
Loded had befallcn hcr husband. 
As soon as it was light she went to ,..:\.li Balm. Her llaughty 
spirit was now sulJdued Ly grief and fear. She told him in tear!) 
that CasEÏm haù 6et out for the cavern early the preceding moro. 



306 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


ing, and was not yet returned; she, therefore, besoug
t, his advic6 
and assistance. Ali Baba readily gave her both. He reque
ted 
her to compose herself, and to keep the whole affair a profound 
secret; and he Bet oft. immediately for the cavern to seek for his 
bl'other. 
As he drew near the rock, he was much shocked to see blood 
spilled at the door. When he had pronounced the words, a1J.d the 
cavern became open, he was still more affected at Beeing tho 
quarters of Cassim hung up on each side. Ali Baba determined to 
pay him the last duties, notwithstanding his unbrotherly behavior. 
He wrapped up the quarters in some fine stuffs which he fouild in 
the cave, and loaded one of his asses with them; but put upon 
the other two as many bags of gold as they could carry; aud 
having covered the whole with wood, he entered the town in the 
evening, drove the two asses laden with gold into his own little 
yard, and led the other to the house of bis late brother. 
Cassim had a young slave, named 
lorgiana, who was remarka- 
ble for her abilities. Quick, artful, and much attached to her 
mastcr and mistress, she had on many occasions discovered great 
talents and fidelity. To this slave .A.li Baba first related the catas- 
trophe which had befallen her master, and leaving the body to her 
disp08al, he went into the house to condole with his sister-in-law. 
Cassim's wife saw by his countenance that he brought fatal 
tidings. Having first adjured her to hear him in silence, he then 
told her everything that had happened. When she had indulged 
her grief for some time, he proposed to her that 8he should be- 
come his w
fe. ,. I have now," said he, "sufficient wealth for us 
all; my wife has a regard for you and I am sure will not be 
jealous; and you can no way dibpose of yourself more to your 
comfort." The widow let him see that she was not averse to 
this propo
aJ. He then took his leave and returned home, 
l\Iorgiana, meanwhile, went to a dealer in medicines and bought 
an essence usually given in cases of great extremity; and being 
asked who it was fur, replied weeping, "It was for her dear mas- 
ter, who had been suddenly taken ill, and they had Bcarce any 
ho{;es of his recovery." Having thus sent abroad the news;)f 
Cassiln's bcing darlgerously ill, she prepared the next morning to 
bury him. 
There was an old cobbler in another part of the town, who was 
remarkable for opening his stall every morning before daybreak. 



EXTERTAIN.11ENTS. 


307 


To him I\Iorgiana went at that time, and putting a piece of gold 
in his hand, bade him take his sewing tackle and follow her. J\lus- 
tapha (which was his name) was a merry old fellow; and finding he 
was so well paid beforehand, he jumped up to go with her, sa.y- 
ing very pleasant things on the occasion. 
When they had proceeded a little way, J\Iorgiana told him it 
was necessary to blindfold him. The cobbler objected to this. "I 
was afraid," said he, "your pay was too good to be earned easily. 
You want me to do something against my conscience and honor." 

'God forbid!" replied lYIorgiana, putting another piece of gold 
into his hand; "come alo ng with me, and fear nothing." 
The other piece of gold set everything to rights with the cob- 
bler's honor. He submitted to be blindfolded; in which situation 
he was led to the room where Cassim's body lay. " Sew me these 
quarters together quickly," said :\lorgiana," and I have another piece 
of gold in store for you." l\lustapha obeyed, and having done the 
business, was conducted back by l\'Iorgiana in the same manner he 
came; before a.ny of the inhabitants of the town were stirring. 
The body was then put into a coffin, and when the people of the 
mosque, whose business it is to wash the de.ad, offered to per- 
form their duty, they were told it was already done, Everything 
passed without the least suspicion. In a few days Ali Balm re- 
moved his goods to the house of his brother's widow, taking care 
to convey the gold thither by night; and his marriage wi,,
 his 
sister (which is common in our religion) was made public. 
"\Vhile this was passing in the town, the thieves had returned to 
their cavern, and found that Cassim's body and Borne of their gold 
had been taken away. "It is plain," said the captain to his com- 
panions, " that we are discovered; and that our secret is known to 
another besides him we put to death. We must lay aside every 
enterprise to detect this intruder; we must risk every danger to 
effect it, or our riches, the reward of 80 many gallant excursions, will 
be insensibly pilfered from us." 
1.'he thieves agreed to this proposal. "I expected no less," said 
the captain, "from your courage and bravery; nor do I fear, hut 
by judicious management, we shall cut oft. our enemy before he has 
revealed our secret to any other person, which he will scarcely do 
Boon. Let one of us disguise him
elf as a traveller, and go into 
the town. He must try if he can hear of anyone haying been 
cruell y murdered. If he succeeds, let him find out the house 



808 


ARABIAN NIGHT':;' 


where it happened, and then return to UBi But more to insure 
wariness than to guard against treachery, let us agree that whoever 
goes, if he brings us a false or imperfect report, he shall pay for 
his inattention with his head." 
)Vithout waiting for the suffrages of his companions, one of the 
party started up, aud said, "I submit myself to this law, and think 
it an honor to expose my life by taking such a commission upon 
me. Only remember, that if I do not succeed, tha.t I neither 
wanted oourage nor good-will to serve my troop.'i 
The brave fellow received the thanks and applause of the captain 
and his comrades. N ext morning he entered the town by break cJÍ 
day, and coming to l\Iustapha's stall, who was at work, the roLher 
entered into conversation with him, and observed that he lllURt 
have good eyes to see to work so early. "Good eyes," replied 
:r,lustapha
 testily, " yes, yes; my eyes are good enough, I assure 
you. It was but very lately I sewed a dead body together, which 
had been cut in quarters, in a place where I had less light than I 
have here." 
The robber was overjoyed to find he was so soon 1ikely to BUC- 
ceed in Ilis inquiry. He asked l\lustapha many questions, and at 
last putting a piece of gold into the old man's hand, he l'equested 
he would earn that by showing him the house where he performed 
the task he had mentioned. 
The cobbler accepted the gold, but said, "I cannot show you the 
house, as I was conducted to it blindfolded. " '\Vell," replied t.he 
robber, " let me blind your eyes, and do you proceed as nearly as 
you can in the same direction, and as everyone ought to be paid, 
if you will gratify me, I will give you another piece of gold." 
Mustapha wanted no further entreaty. lIe let the robber blind 
him at the end of the street. and went on till he came to the door 
of Cassim's house, where Ali Baba now lived. ,\Yhen stopping, he 
said, ,. I think I went no further than here." The robber, before 
he pulled off the bandage. marked the door with a piece of chalk; 
after which he dismi::5sed l\Iustapha, and prepared to make a private 
inquiry after the owner of the habitation. 
He learned that the late possessor died suddenly, and that A Ii 
Baba
 who a very little before waR miserably poor had married the 
widow, and was become wealthy; but not Ly this marriage, rlS he 
had given Cassim's son all his father's property. From these cir- 
cumstances the robber was at no loss to conclude that Ca
sim was 



ENTERTAIN,M.ENTS. 


809 


the person who was slain, and that Ali Baba was the other pos- 
sossor of their secret. lIe returned to his companions with ex- 
ultation; he related to them his good fortune, and they, with many 
praises, congratulated him and each other. 
In the evening, the captain and the spy set forward for the town. 
The whole troop followeq. in separate parties well armed, and met 
in the great square, to act as their leader should direct; but when 
the two former came to the street where.,AJi Baba lived, the rob. 
bel' couìd not distinguish the house; for 
Iorgiana, having taken 
notioe of the mark on her master's door, thought it had a particular 
appearance; she therefore took a piece of chalk, and marked the 
doors of all their neighbors so exactly like it, that it was impossible 
to distinguish one from another. The design being thus ren. 
dered abortive, the thieves returned to the cavern, where their un- 
fortunate comrade, being condemned by their unanimous suffrages, 
was put to death. 
But as so much light b'.td been obtained by the first adventure, 
and as the cutting off of their enemy waEl of so much conQcrn to 
them all, another of the troop, flattering himself that he should 
t:lucceed better, undertook the dangerous business. By renewing 
the inquiry, lIe easily found out the house, which.he mal.ked 
with red chalk in a part remote from sight, and returned with 
confidence to his companions. Nothing escaped the watchfulness 
of )Iorgiana. The former affair had alarmed her; and when she 
saw the red mark, she repeated the former caution, and marked 
every house in the street in the same manner. The secund spy, 
therefore, was as unsuccessful as the first. The troop, once more 
disappointed, returned to their cavern, and put their other COlll- 
rade to death, agreeable to the law they had fill consented to. 
The captain, grieved for the loss of his two gallant companions, 
resolved to undertake the affair himself. 
Having found out Ali Raba's house, he did not fix any mark upon 
it, but took so much notice of it, that it was impossible be could 
mistake it. He then returned to his companions, and laid before 
them a scheme to cut off their adversary without noise or danger. 
The troop approved their captain's proposal. They provided 
many large jars, some of which they filled with oil; and having 
bou
ht stout mules in the adjoining villages, the captain put his 
troop into the other jars, and placing them on panniers on the 
backs of mules: drove them, toward evening, into the town. 



310 


ARABIAN :J\lGll1'::)' 


Going immediately to Ali Baba's house, he found him sittiLg at 
the door, enjoying the cool of the evening. The pretended oil. 
merchant requested Ali BaLa that he would receive him for that 
ni
ht, as he was a' st.ranger, and knew not where to go. lIi
 1"e- 
4 :lest was readily granted. The servants unloaded the mules; aud 
toùk care of thcm; and Ali 13a.La received his trcacherou
 gue
t 
with the hospitality Lecoming a good J.\1uðsulman. 
Before they retired to. rest, Ali BaLa told 
Iorgiamt that he 
would Lathe early in the moruing, and directed her to have his 
Lathing-clotLes and some broth ready. This obliged her to sit up 
after her master and his guest had retired; and tbe latter, hearing 
it, resolved to lay down in his clothes, and not give the signal while 
:r,Iorgiana was stirring, for fear of a disappointment. 
It happened, while she was busy, that her lamp grew dull; and 
having no oil in the house, f5he recollected the jars in the yard, 
from whence she resolved to supply herself. Upon openiug the 
first she came to, the thief within said, softly, "Is it time 1" to which 
l\lorgiana. with admirable presence of mind, replied, aN ot yet; but 
pre
elltly !" She then examined all the jars, and found there were 
iu them seven-and-thirty armed men, a few jars only being filled 
with oil. 
l\Iorgiana soon concluded who these men were. She hastily 
called up another slave, named Abdallah, and bringing several 
jars of oil into the kitchen, they heated a part of it boiling hot. 
'fhis she poured into one of the jars, by that means killing the thief 
that was concealed in it. She did so till she had destroyed all the 
seven-and-thirty thieves, when she put out her fire and went to 
bed. 
The captain had waited with great impatience for her doing so. 
As soon as all was quiet, he went to his window, and threw Btoncs 
at the jars, which was the signal agreed on for his companions to 
release themsel veSt Finding none of them stir, he began to be 
uneasy; and repeated the signal two or three times. lIe then 
became impatient and alarmed; und hastening down to the jars, he 
opened one of them. 'rhe steam of the boiling oil soon informed 
him of the fate of his friends. lIe had the resolution to open 
every jar in hopes that some of them might have escaped, but in 
vain. They were all dead. The captain was so enraged at the 
failure of his design, and at the loss of so many brave fellows, 
tha.t he would certainly have sacrificed his own life, in a public 



E
TERT.\ IX:\[EKI'S. 


311 


attack on Ali Baba, had not hopes of more complete vengeance 
da.rted into his mind, and encouraged him to mako his escape. 
In the morning, l\Iorgialla, aCliuaillteù her master with what had 
happened. Ali .Baba, grateful for such important services, gave 
her her freedom, and a large sum of money; but she was so much 
attached to the family, that she continued to live with them; and 
superintend the other slaves in their busiuess. 
The captain of the thieves returned to the forest i.n a transport 
of rage and despair. '\fhen he arrived at the cavern, the loneli- 
ness of the place seemed frightful to him. "'\Vhere are you, my 
brave lads!" cried he, "myoid companions 1 how unhappy to lose 
you by a fate so base! had you died with your sabres in your hands, 
I should not have been inconsolable. '\Vhere sha.ll I get so gallant 
a troop again 1 but first let me sacrifice the wretch to whom I owe 
this fatal misfortune," He then endeavored to compose his mind, 
that he luight the more safely anù effectually ex
ute his revenge 
on Ali Baba. 
The captain sufi'ered several wecks to pass by before he set 
about tho scheme he had planned for the destruction of his enemy. 
By this means he hoped Ali Baba/s vengeance would relax, and 
he himself should be more cool in his measures. He passed 
much of his time in the town, where he learned that Cassim's son, 
now adopted by Ali Ba.ba, had a very con
.iderable shop. 
He also took a shop, which he 'Plentifully supplied from the 
cavern with all sorts of rich stufl's. He appeared as a merchant, 
and having a large assortment of valuable goods, was treated by 
everybody with respect. Young Cassim was among those who 
sought the regard of the new merchant, and soon beeame his de- 
clm'cd favorite. lIe loaded the young man with civilities, often 
made him small presents, and invited him continually to dil1e and 
sup with him. 
As young Cassim did not keep house, he had nO opportunity to 
return theso obligations. He therefore introduced the stranger to 
Ali Baba, who received him very cordially. \Vhen evening drew 
on, the captain appeared desirous to tak
 his leave; but his hest, 
who was much taken with his pleasant manner, pressed him to 
stay to supper. After some excuses, the pretended merchant said, 
&, I would accept your friendly invitation, but I eat no salt in any 
of my food.]' ,
\V ell," replied Ali Baba, "we will have the BUppOJ' 
dressed without any," 



312 


AR.\BIAN KIGHT::;' 


"\Vhen l\Iorgiana received this direction, she was much dis
atis- 
fied. "'Vho is this difficult man," said she, c, that eats no salt 1" 
" Be not displeased with him for that," replied Ali Baba. j "he id 
my son's friend and an honest man." 
1'hough l\lorgiana obeyed her master, and sent up sUyper as he 
desired, she was still uneasy at the request his new gue8t had 
made; she therefore carried in one of the dishes herself on pnr- 
pose to look at him. 1'he moment she entered the room she knew 
him, notwithstanding his disguise, and examining him pretty closely, 
she saw a dagger under his garnlent. "I am not surpriseù," 
thought she, "that this wretch, who is my master's greatest enemy, 
will eat no salt with him, since he intends to assassinate him j Lut 
I will prevent him." 
Accordingly, as soon as supper was rell1
ved, she entered the 
room dressed like a dancer, with a silver girdle, to which hung a 
poignard of the Bame metal. She played on a tabor, and danced 
several dances with great spirit. At length, drn,wing the poignard, 
she pointed with it to a little chink in the side of the tabor, where 
spectators generally give their gratuity to those who dance for a 
livelihood; and going to Ali Baba, he put in a piece of gold, as 
did his son. She then drew near the visitor, and, while he was 
putting his hand in his purse, plunged the poignard into his bosom. 
Ali Baba and his son cried out against her for this violent act; 
but she soon called to their recollootion the pretended oil merchant, 
anù showed the arms he had concealed. rl'he unfortunate robber 
confirmed her testimony, by lamenting, before he expired, amidst 
his e
ecrations and despair, that he was the last of the forty thieves 
to whom the cavern had belonged. 
Ali Baba received, with due gratitude, this further instance of 
1tlorgiana's attachment; and Cassim was so pleased with her spirit 
and good scnse, that he took her to wife. The whole treasure in 
the cavern bccame now safely the property of Ali Baba. He taught 
his son the secret, which he handed down to posterity; and using 
this good fortune with moderation, they lived in great hOllar, serv- 
ing the chief offices of tl
e city. 


THE s'r:OR Y OF ALl GOGIA, l\1I<:RCHANT OF BAGDAD. 
There lived at Bagdad a reputable merchant, named Ali Cogia, 
of a moderate fortune; contented with his situation, and [hcrefor
 
ha.ppy, 



E
TEl{'r AIN:\JENTS. 


813 


It happpncd that for three llight
 follow ing, he dreamed that a. 
venerable olJ mau CiUllO to him, al1ù, with :t I;c\'ere look, r<'pri- 
manded him for not Imvillp; mado it pilgrimage to ,Mecca. Ali 
Cogia knew, that, as a good 1\1 ussnlmall, it was hi
 duty to under- 
take such a pilgrimage, but he contelltc(l himself with dctprmiuiug 
to set about it somc dir;tant day; when that day came, hc ,,-as 
never 'without an excuse to postponc his journcy, and rcnew his 
rcsolution. 
These dreams awakcned his conscicncc. JIe cOIJ.yertcd his sub- 
stance into cash; balf of which be laid out in merchandise, to 
traffic 'with as he journeyed. The other half he deposited in a jar, 
which be fillcd with oliyes, and requested a friend of his to suffer 
it to remain in his warehouse till the caravan should rcturn from 
:l\Iecca. lIe mentioned it as a jar of oliycs only, 'without 
'1.ring (1, 
word of the money at the bottom 0f it. N ouredùin, which was thc 
name of his friend, very oLligingly gave him the kpy of his waI'e- 
house, and desired him to set his jar wherc he pleaseù, promising 
it should remain untouched, till his return. 
"\Vhen the caravan 'was rcady, Ali Cogia set out for l\Iecca
 where 
he performed very exactly all those ceremonies which are olJs<,rved 
at that holy place. The duties of his pilgrimage being completed. 
he went to Cairo, and thence to Damascus, trading all the way 
to considerable advantage. Having a great d
8ire to see the world, 
he went to other celebrated cities, taking Jerusalem in his way, 
that he might view the temple, which is looked upon by alll\Ins- 
sulmans to be the most holy: after that of 1\1 <,cca. In short, he 
took so long a journey, that seven years elapsed before hc rcturned 
to Bagdad, 
All this time the jar of oliveR stood ulldistu
.hed in N oureddin's 
warehouse. But it so fell out, a few <lays beforc Ali Cogia. CR-me 
home, that t.he wife of Kouredllin chanced to wi
h {(n' Romc olivcs. 
This 
,rought to his mind the jar his frielld had left with him so 
long 
60. He detcrmined to open and examino tlH'm. His wife in 
yain rcprcsented to him how base and ùishonoralJlo it was to med- 
dle with anything left in his hallù8 as a trURt.. !\ ol1l"<,(ldin WfiB 
obstinate; he openeù the jar, and f(HInd all the o]Ï\.cs at the top 
were mouldy. Hoping to filHl them lJettcr at the bottom, hc emptied 
them all out, and with them turned out the bag of gold which Ali 
l'ogia had deposited there. 
1\" ol1rí'ddin wa
 a Ulan whoso 
{'neral conduct was specious. lIe 
14 



314 


AI
AHL\N NIGIII'S' 


was exccedingly careful to preserve his rClmtation. nut in hi8 
heart he was a slave to avarice; aud like all other very cov.etous 
mcn, he was as honest a.s his intcrest ohliged him to be. At the 

ight of so much moncy, hc detcrmincd to seize it, aud :finding it 
impossible to replace the olivcs 80 as to appear as they were be- 
f0re, he opened the jar, threw them away; and :filled it with new 
ones. 
1Yhen Ali Gogi<1 arrived, his first care was to visit Noul'eddin. 
This traitor affected great joy to see hint again after so long an 
absence; and of his own accord offered him the key of his ware- 
house to fetch his jar. 
';Vhen Ali Gogia bad conveyed the jar home and turned it out, 
he was surprised to sce that his gold had been taken away. lIe 
returned to N oureddin, amI endeavored, by friendly reasoning, to 
prevail with him to do justice. The base merchant wa';
 callous to 
every cODsideration of that kind. lIe concluded that as Ali Cogia 
could produce no proof of his having lodged treasure in .the jar, 
his ()'wn gencral fair character would bear him out against one who 
bad been absent so long, that he was almost unknown in his native 
city. Nor was he mistaken. The cady, hearing Ali Cogia's com. 
plaint, called upon N oureddill for his dcfellc-e; who said, "'Tis 
true that Ali Cogin., seven years ago, at his own request, left a jar 
in my warehouse, which he told me was filled with olives. I never 
saw the jar. lIe carried it thither himself, left it where he pleased! 
and found it in the same place, covered as be left it. lIe did not 
place it in my care as a treasure. He has no witness to prove that 
be put a treasure in it. ,Might he not as well have demanded a 
ja.r of diamonds? In short, I declare that I never had this mone)' 
or ev('n knew tll('rA wa.s any in the jar; this I am ready to declare 
on my oath," The cady, finùing .Ali Co
ia could bring no testi- 
mony to ('ollnrm his bare aHHertion, detel'millPd the affair hy a :;hort 
prO-Ccss; and admitting N"oureddin to jw;;tify him!':elf 011 oath, diH- 
missed the complaint. The 8ufl'erer did not so ea
ily put up with 
llis lo

. lIe appealed to the caliph, and a day was fixed for the 
hearing in the divan, N oureddin l)(
ing duly /sulllmoned to attend, 
The ey('uing heforc the cause was to COlll(' on, the 
filiph find 
his yi
ier werc walking in disguise about the city, 'when they met 
with a group of chil(lren, and hearl1 one of them say, ,: Conw, lrt 
U
 play at the cady. I will be the cady; hring Ali Cogin, and the 
mer("haut who .chea,ipcl him of hi
 gold, 1)efore me." The caliph. 



F.1'\T E.I 
T .U
:\lE
 T.3. 


315 


being reminded by tbese wordl:) of the cause which was to COllie 
befhre him next day, attended to the IllotioUfo; of the children. 
The pretended cady took hiti seat. Prescntly one of thc chil- 
dren, representing Ali Cogia, repeated hiti complaint; and auother, 
as N oureddin, made the samc answer he had ùone, aud offcrcd to 
confirm hiti inuocence by an oath. Another IJoy was ahout to ad. 
minister the oath, but the imaginary cally preveuted him, saying, 
" Let me see tho jar of olives." It was supposed to 1)e brought 
forward; and each party owncd it to be the identical jar .ill dir::i- 
pute, The young cady then ordered it to lJe open<.>d; and pretended 
to eat SOllle of the fruit. " '.rhese olives':' said he, "are excellent; 
I cannot think they have been kept for Seyell years. Scnd for n. 
couple of olive merchants." 
Two other lads stood forward a
 oli\'o mcrchants. The prctended 
cady demanded how long olives would keep fit to cat. They 
answered, "'.rlmt with the utmoRt care they would Jose their taste 
and color by the third year." "Look, then," said the young cady, 
" illtO that jar, alld tell me how old those olivcs are." 
'1'he two imaginary mer(
hants seemed to cxamine and taste the 
olives, and reported them to be new alld good. ;, K ew !" replied 
the judge; "N oureddin is ready to swear they have stood sevCll 
years in his warehóuse!" " It is impossible," :-:aid thf' young mer- 
chants; "we know better, and are surc that these oIiycs are of the 
present Jear's growth." . 
The imaginary criminal would have replicd, hut the young caùy 
woulù not hear him. " You are a rogne," saill he, "and ought to 
be hanged." The children put an end to their play, Ly clapping 
their hands with a great deal of joy, and scizing thc criminal to 
carry him to execution. 
The caliph li8tened to what passed with much attention; and 
after mU8ing a few moments, he ordcrcù his gra.nd viÛer to find 
o
1t the boy who had represented the magistrate, and bring him to 
Un divan.next morning. He directed the cady and two olive mer- 
clmnts to attend; and sent orders to Ali Cogin, that he should 
brin
 the jar of olives with him. 
'Vhen the divan met, and aIr the parties attended, the child was 
pTe
nted to the ealipl1, wao asked him if it was he who dcter. 
lnlned the cause last night at play) between Ali Cogia and N om'cd. 
diu? The boy modestly answered, " It was;" the caliph seeing 
the child was awed by his presence, embraced and commended 


. 



316 


AUABIAN NIGHTS' 


him. " You shall now, my dear," 5aid he," decide between the 
real parties; come, and sit down by me." Then turning to Ali 
Cogia and his adversary,ll0 bade them plead their cause before 
that child, who should do them Loth justice. "If," continued the 
caliph, " he should be at a los8, I vdll assist him." 
The attention of everyone prc.sent was turned, in an extraordin- 
a.ry degree, to this singular trial. Ali Cogia and N oureddin plead- 
ed against each other much in the same manner as the children 
had done the eyenillg before; when N oureddin offered to take his. 
oath, the boy said, " It is too soon; let us see the jar of olives." 
An examination of the qllality and age of the fruit now took 
})lace; everything which had passed among the children, in their 
play, was repeated, seriously, before the ca1iph, in the divan. The 
treachery of N oureddin was apparent, when the child, instead of 
ordering him to be hanged, looked up to the caliIJh, and said 
"Commander of the faithful, this is not play; it is your majesty 
that must condemn him to death, and not me, thuugh I did it la.st 
night among my comrades." 
The caliph, fully cOllvinced of Noureddin's villany, ordered 
him into the hands of his ministers of justice, to Le hanged im- 
mediately; and confi
cated his effects to the use of Ali Cogia. 
ï'hen turning to the caùy, the monarch reprehended him seyerely, 
and bade him learn fi'om that child how to do his duty in future. 
At the close of the divfLll, the cali}Jh again embraced the boy, and 
sent him home to bis parents with a purse of gold and the applause 
his early aJJilities ùeseryed. 


THE HIf;TOR Y OF THE ENCHANTED HORSE. 


On the Nevrouz, that is to say, the new day, which is the first of 
the year, and the beginning of the spring, there is an ancient and 
solemn feast olJserved through all Persia, which has continued from 
the time of idolatry; nor could the pure religion of onr holy 
prophet prevail over that hea.thenish custom. Superstitious cere- 
monies, mixed with public rejoicings, mark the N evrouz, which is 
celebrated in every town and villat;8 in that extcnsive kingdom. 
At tho court, this feast is always attended with the greatcst 
splendor; and it was some years ago a custom that all nrti8t
, 
natÏ\'es or 8trangers, were allowed at that timo to produce their 
several inventions before the king; who neyer failed to confer 
liberal rewards on those whose abilities deserved them. 



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ENTEUT.\Ir-DIEX 1"8. 


317 


Near the close of one of those feasts an Inclian presented him- 
self before the king;, haying an artificial horse, of the most perfect 
workmauship, richly accoutred. "I flatter myself, sir/' said the 
Indian, addresðillg hinu:;elf to the king, "that your majesty hath 
never seen anything so wonderful as this hor
e, either now, or at 
any former N eyrouz." The king suryeyed the horse with atten- 
tion. "I see nothing," said he, "but a fine piece of sculpture, 
which any able artist may equaL" 
"Sir," replied the Indian, "it is not his form, but his use that I 
commend so highly. On his back I ca.n convey myself through 
the air
 to the most distant part of the earth, in a very short 
time. I can even instruct any other person to ride in the same 
manner. Such is the curiosity I have the honor to present to your 
maje
ty's notice" 
The king was highly pleased with this ac('ount of the Indian's 
horse; and de::;ired to see a proof of his abilities. "There is/, 
said the king, pointing to a illoulltain about three leagues off, 
" there is ou the ðUlUlJJit of that mount:1in
 a palm-tree of a par- 
ticular quality, which I should kuow from all others; go; fetch me 
a branch of it." 
The Indian mounted his borse, and turnIng a peg which was 
in the neck, away he flew with him, and they .were presently out. 
of sight. "\Vithin a quarter of an hour he was seen returning with 
a pahu-hrmlCh in his hand, which, as soon as he had descended 
and alighted, he laid at the kiug's feet. 
The king waR greatly ph
ased \yith this extraordinary perf(wm- 
ance; and resohed to purchase the hor
 if he coulc1 prentiì with 
the owner to part with him. Accordingly, he a",kcd the Iudian if 
he was to he sold. "Sir." replied tIle IllJian," I should not hayc 
produced my horse to your majesty, if it had ljeen ahsolutely im- 
po
siLle for me to sell him. Yet the artist from whom I received 
him laid me under tlIP most solemn injnnction that I should never 
part with him f(Jr money; nor indeed on any ternu:;, lJut such as T 
might request your pa,rdoll hefore I presume to name them." 
The king impatiently answered that he forgave his demand, even 
if it was to re.lch his crown; but he rps('n eù to himself the 
power of refusal, if he thought that demal1d too exorLitmtt. The 
Indian then replied that he was ready to resign hits horso if his 
majesty would condescend to bestow on him the princess, his 
da.ugh tel', in marriage. 



318 


ARABIAN lÇIGIITS' 


"\Vhen the courtiers heard this extravagant request, they an 
burst into loud laughter: but the prince t'irouz Schah, the only 
Bon of the king, was ellraged, and the more so when he saw the 
king pensive, debating with himself vdmt an
wer to return. Going 
up to his father, he said, " I entreat your majesty will pardon tbe 
libert.y I am aLout to take; Lut is it possiLle you can hesitate a 
moment what answer to make to this insolent fellow 1 Can you 
bear to think of degrading our house by an alliance with a scan- 
dalous juggler 1]] 
The king approved of his son's spirit, but argued that if he re- 
fused to clHnply with the Indian's proposal, perhaps some other 
sovereign might ùe less nice, and by that means become posse
E
d 
of the greatest curiosity in the world. lIe concluded his discourse 
by desiring his 150n to examine the horse attentively, and give his 
ol'illion of him. 
Uespect for his father made him receive these orders in silence. 
lIe approached the horse, and the Indian drew near to instruct the 
prince in the method of managiug him; but the haughty ytJung 
man was in too great a fury to listen to him. lIe spurned the 
kneeling Indian with tho most hearty indignation, and leaping into 
the saddle, ho turned the peg, aud the horse flew away with him. 
, The Indian wa::) exceedingly alarmed when he saw the prince 
depm't, before he had learned how to manage the horse. He threw 
himself once more at the king's feet, and besought his majesty 
not to impute to him any accident which might befall the prince, 
since his own impetuoEiity only had exposed him to danger. The 
king had no apprehension for his son, till he saw the Iudian so 
terrified. He theÎ1 felt all the horrors of the prince's situation. 
He execrated the Indian and his fatal horse, and ordered his offi- 
cens to seize and cODduct him to prison. " If my son does not 
return 8afe," said he, "in a short time, thy }JaItry ] ife, at least, 
t;hall be sacrÌ.fied to my vengeance." 
In the meantime, Firouz Schah was carried through the a::"' 
with inconceivable s\viftness, till at length he could. scaree]y dis- 
cerll the earth at all. lIe then wished to return, which he expected 
to do by turning the peg the contrary way; lJut when he fouIld 
the horse continued to rise from the eart1), and procped f()l"'\,'ard at 
the same time with greater swiftness, he was alarmed and bC'gan to 
regret his pride and auger. He turned the peg about Ð\ ery way 
to no purpose; in thi::) situation he retained, notwithstanding, 8 



ENTERTAINMENTS. 


319 


perfect presence of uind, and, on examining the horse closelJ, he 
at last perceived another peg behind the ear. On turl1il1g that 
peg, he presently found that he descended in the same oLlique 
manner that he bad mounted, but not so swiftly. 
As he drew near tbe earth, he lost the light by degrees, till he 
came into total darkness. He did not attempt, therefore, to guide 
the horse; but waited patiently; though not without 3ppreben. 
sions, till he should alight. 
It was midnight when the 110rse stopped, and Firouz dit5motmt- 
ed, faint with hunger and fatigue. He groped about and found 
he was on tbe leads of some large building: at length he came to 
some steps wbich he descended, and rambled about in the dark for 
some time; at last, on opening a door, he found a light., and sa,,( a 
number of black eunuchs asle-ep on pallet.., with their sabres lying 
'by them. This convinced him that he wae in a palace, and that> 
this chamber was the guard-room of some princess. As he knew 
if any of the eunuchs should awake; he should be in great danger 
be resolved to enter the next apartment, and throw himself on the 
mercy of the lady who inhabited it. 
He found there asleep on a sofa a young lady whos-e exquisite 
beauty captivated his heart the moment he beheld her. Her 
women were eleeping in little beds around her. The prince gazed 
on her for a long timf', forgetful of his situation; and, at length, 
by an involuntary impulse, he knelt down, and gently pulling her 
hand toward him he kissed it. 
The motion awakened the princess, who was surprised to find a 
stranger at her bedside. She would have cried out, but Firouz 
besought her patience. lIe told that he was the son of a king, and 
that a very extraordinary accident, which he would relate, had 
brought him to the necessity of claiming bel' protection. 
The lady was the daughter of the king of Bengal. :Many of 
her attendants were by this time awakened. She told Firol1z, 
therefore, that she should be glad to hear the particulars of his 
adventure in the morning, but for the present besought him to 
withdraw. At the same time she ordered her attendants to con. 
duct him to a chamber, and supply him with such refreshmeuts as 
be wanted. 
The prince attended her the next day, and related to her all the 
particulars of the arriyal of the Indian with his horse, of his in- 
80]cnt demand, and its consequences. lIe concludf'd hi'S account of 



320 


AR "BIAN NIGHTS' 


hIS journey by observing, that how much soever he had 1 cen en- 
rag;eù at the Indian, he now began to consider him as a. benefactor 
.. binee," added he, "he has been the cause of my being known to 
Ii. lady, whose chains I shall be proud to wear as long as I live 
, 
The princess received this compliment in such a manner as 
ehowed it was very acceptable to her. She invited the prince to 
repose a few days in her palace, to recover himself from the 
fatigue and alarm he had undergone. lIe accepted thi:s invita- 
tion; and being much together, they became more and more 
enamored with each other. And, at last, when filial duty oLÜgcd 
Firouz to think of returning to Persia, the fond princess, fearing 
bhe should see him no more, dropped a hint that she shoulù not be 
afraid to trust herself with him on the enchanted horo8e; and the 
prince, equally enamored, failed not to confirm her in this rash 
di:sposition. 
Everything being agreed on between the lovers, they repair
d, 
one morning at daybreak, to the leads where the horse still re
 
mailled; and, having turned his head toward Per:'ìia, Firol1z a.ssi
t- 
ed the princess to n.ount him. He then placed himself before 
lIeI', and tUl'uing the peg, they v. ere out of sight before allY of the 
attendants in the palace were 
tirring; aud in two huurs the 
prince di8covered the ca.pital of Persia. 
He would not alight at the king's palace. but directed his course 
to a neat plea
ul'e-house, ill a wood: a little di:stance from town, 
that he might inform his father who the lady wa
, and 
ecure her 
a reception suitahle to her dignity. "\Vhen they alighted, he led 
her into a handsolll'Ü" apë.lrtmcllt
 and orùered the keeper of the 
llOu:-;e to show her all imaginable respect. lIe then 
aðter.ed to the 
pahwe, where the king receiyed him with un8peakahlb joy. Firouz 
related to his father all that had befallen him, and the king wa
 80 
delighted with his son'!::; safe arrival, that he readily complied with 
his deRire that the nuptial ceremonies between him and the princcIS8 
should be imnH'rl iately celebrated. 
"Thile the ne<.:e
sary preparations" ere making
 the king ordered 
the Indi<\.:, who was to haye l'een executed the next day, to be re- 
leased from prison
 alld In'ought before him " 
Iy SOll'::) safe ar- 
rival/, said the king to him, "hath prcF'erved thy life. Take thy 
horse, anù begone from my dominions; where, if thou art eyer 
seen again, I will not fail to put thee to death." The Indian bcing 
then fre
d from his chains, and set at liberty, withdrew in silenco. 



E
TERT AI:N::\IENTS. 


321 


nut he meditated a severe revenge. lIe had learned frvm those 
who fetched him out of prison, that Firouz had brought honte with 
him a beautiful princess, to whom he was about to be married. 
He was told also that she was at the house j n the wood, where he 
was directed to go and take away his horse. "
hile Firouz was 
preparing a good retinue to conduct the princess in great state to 
the palace, the Indian hastened to the house in the wood, anù told 
the keeper he was sent by the prince to conduct her, on the hor",e, 
to the capital; and that the whole court and people were waiting 
with impatience for the wonderful sight. 
The keeper knew that the Indian had lJeen imprisoned on account 
of the prinèe's absence .: and, seeing him now at liberty, he believed 
all he said, He presented the traitor to the princess, who not 
doubting but he came from Firouz, readily agreed to go with him. 
The Indian, overjoyed at his success, mounted his horse, took the 
princess behind him, and turning the peg, the horse immediately 
ascended into the air. The king anù hi
 whole court were on tbe 
road to the house in the wood, to conduct the princess of Bengal 
from thence to the palace; when the Indian, to brave tbem, and 
revenge the severe treatment Le had received, passed several 
times over their heads with his prize. The rage and grief of the 
king were extreme. lIe loaded the ravisher with a thousand exe- 
crations, in which he was joined by the courtiers and people. The 
Indian, having expressed his contempt for them, and his triumph 
over the king and his son, his horse set forward, and was prescntly 
out of sight. 
But who can de8cribe the horror and despair of Firouz, when he 
saw his beloved princess torn from him Ly a vile Indian, whom he 
},efore detested; and found himself unable to afford her the least 
assiE'tance. At first he abandoned himself to despair; but recollect. 
ing that such a conduct would neither recover the princess nor PUIl- 
ish the ravisher, he restrained his affliction, and lJegan to consider 
how he coulù best effect these desirahle purposcs. lIe put on the 
habit of..,a dervise, and left the palace the same evening, uncertain 
which way to go, but determined not to return till he had found 
his princess again, and could bring her with him. 
III the meantime, the Indian having rmrsued his journey for 
8evcral hours alighted in a wood, nea.r the capital of Caschmirc. 
As he was hungry himself, and doubted not but the princess WM 
so too, he left her hy the side cf a brook, and flew away on 
,he 
14-* 



322 


AHABIAN 
lGllTS 


horse to the city, to procure provI::nons. The princes
 nude the 
best use in her power of hiR absence; and though faint for want 
of food, 6he trayelled on, and h.ad got a considerable di
tance from 
the place where the l'avi:sher left her, when she had the mortification 
to see him return, alld alight clo:se lJY her; for the lndian had 
wi:shed to be set down" hcreyer the princess was, and the hor
e 
always obe)"c(l the de
ire of the rider. 
The Indian proùul'eJ some wine and provi::;iolls, and ate heartily, 
urging her to follow Lis example, which she thought it best to do 
1\Then they had done, he drew near and begau to take certain 
Jiberties with the princess, which she rcpulsed with illdignation. 
The slave, irritated 3,t this opposition, determined to u
e violence, 
and had begun to do so, when her outcries drew a company of 
horsemen to her assistance. 
'l'hey proved to be the sultan of Caschlllire and his attendallts, 
returning from a day's hunting. 'Yhen the sultan demanded of 
the Indian why he used the lady so roughly, he boldly an 
swered that she was his wife; but the princess, though she knew 
110t the quality of the sultan; be::;ought his protection: and declared, 

hat, by the basest deceit only, sho had been thrown into the power 
of such a rep tile. 
The sultan of Caschmire was 'very amorous. The disorder and 
du;tress of the princeE:s added to her beauty, aud excited the desires 
of the monarch. lIe was not nice in gra-tif,yillg them; and 
judging that, whether the Indian waR the husband or the rayisher 
of the lady, he would be best out of the way, he pretended to he 
much enraged against him, and ordered his head to be struck oft' 
imlllediately. lIe theu rOllductpd the prillce
s to hiR palace, and 
rlirected his attt'll(la
lts to hring tI1P horse aftcr thClll; though he 
knew nothing of the use of it. 
The prillces::; of lleugal rt'joiceJ at her dcliyerance. She enter- 
tained hopes that the FìUltan ofCaschmire would gencrously reðtore 
her to the prince of Persia; but she was much decei\Ted ; for as 
soon as the sultan learned that she was daughter to the king of 
Bengal, he altered his views with respect to her. lIe defermined 
to marry ber, and that DO untoward circumstances might happen 
to prevent it, he gav8 orders for the necessary preparations to be 
co.mpleted hy the next day. 
In the morning, the princess was awakened early by the sounrl. 
ing of tr11mpets, the heating of drums) and other noisy tokens of 



E
TEH.TA 1
:\lEN rs. 


3:!3 


public j<'y, which echoed through the palace UlHI city. On her 
asking the cause of thi
 rejoicing, she was told it was to celebra.te 
her marriage with their sultan, which was to take place presently. 
The princess's attachment to Firouz would have made allY OthCl" 
man's aùdresses di
agreeal)le to her. nut this COllùuct of the 
aultan of Caschmire in proclaiming their nuptials, without e\ en 
haying a
ked her conseut, at once enraged and terrified her. She 
was entirely in his power; anù the disrespect he had paid her, 
convinced her that she had everything to fear from his violellce, if 
she refused to comply with his wishes. 
1'hus criticaIly situated she had recourse to art. She arose and 
dressed herself fancifully, and in her whole behu;vior appeared 
to her women to be unsettled in her intellect::;. The sultan was 

oon apprized of this misfortune, and on hi
 approach she put on 
the appearance of frenzy, and endeavored to fly at him; and this 
fury she ever after affected whenever he came in her sight. The 
sultan was much distnrlJed at this unfortunate event, as he thonght 
it, and offered large rewards to any J>hysician "ho could cure her, 
but the princess would Hot suffér anyone to come near her, so that 
all hope of her recovery began to Le dcspaired of. 
During this interval, Firouz, disguised as a dervise, had tr:'1Yellcd 
through many provinces, full of grief, and uncertain which way to 
direct his course in search of his beloved princess. At last, passing 
through a town in India, he heard an account that a princess of 
Bengal had run mad on the day of the celebration of hcr nup- 
tials with tbe sultan of Caschmire. Slender as was the hope that 
such a report gave him, he reRolved to travel to the capital of that 
kingdom; ,,,here, when he arrived, he had the happiness to find he 
had not journeyed in vain. He learned all the particulars of her 
having been delivered from the Indian by their t5ultau, and that the 
very next day !She was seized with madness. 
}.'irouz saw at ouce the reason of the In.illce1-:::;'8 (,()IlJuct, find was 
delighted with this tender proof of hcr loye and constancy to Lim. 
All the difficulty which remaincd, was to oht:.\..in an opportunity of 
speaking to her. To gain this, hc put 011 the halJit of a. physicia n 
and, presenting himself to the sultan, undertook to cure tLe 
I rin cess. 
His services being accepted, he de
ired first to t:!ee her, without 
being seen by her. For this p.urpose he ,nl,M conveyed into a closet, 
whence he saw her unobseryed; she was carelessly singing 



82.1 


AUABIAN NIGHTS' 


a song, in whieh she deplored her unhappy fate, whid1 had 1"oren'r 
d lprived her of the objeet she loved 1';0 tenderly. "
hell he quitted 
the closet he told the sultan she was not incur'able; but that it was 
necessary for him to speak with her alone; and that notwithstand- 
ing her violent fits at the sight of physicians, he knew how to make 
her attend to him. 
As the princess had been long thought incurable, the sultan made 
no difficulty of complying with the supposed physician's request. 
As soon as he entered her apartment, she began to rave at him in 
her usual furious manner, on which he went up close to her, and 
said, ill a low voice, "I am the prince of Persia." 
'rhe princess ceased to rave, and the attendant withdrew, re- 
joiced at this proof of the physician;s abilities. After mutual con- 
gratulations, Firouz acquainted her with the plan he had formed 
for her deliverance lIe then returned to tlw sultan, who demanded 
eagerly what hopes he now entertained. The pretended physician 
shook his head, and said, "....\..ll depeuds upon a mere chance; the 
princess, a few hours before she was taken ill, had touched some- 
thing that was enchanted j unless I can obtain that something, be 
Jt what it may. I cannot cure her." 
'rhe sultan of Caschmire presently recollected the horse, which 
was still preserved in his treasury. lIe showed it to the imaginary 
physician, who; on seeing it, very gravely said, "I congratulate 
your majesty on the certainty of my success. Let this horse be 
brought out into the great square before the palace, and let the 
princess attend; I will engagE, in a few minutes she shall be per- 
fectly cured." 
Accordingly, the following morning the horse was placed in the 
middle of the square, and the supposed physician drew a large 
circle, and placed around it chafing dishes, with a little fire in each. 

'he sultan, full of expectation, with all his nubles and ministers 
of state, attended. I'he princess being hrought out veiled: was 
. conducted within the circle.; and placed by the phJsieian on the 
saddle of the enchanted horse. lIe then went round to each chafing 
dish, and threw in a certain drug, which presen
]y raised such a 
cloud of smoke, tha.t neither the physician, the princess, nor the 
horse, could be seen through it. At that instant, the Prince of 
Persia mounted the horse; and, turning the peg, while the horse 
aRcellded into the air, he dif'tinctly pronounced these words: "Sul. 
tau of CRschmire, when thou wouldst marry princesses who im. 
l)lore thy protection, learn first to obtain their consent." 



EXTERTAINJIENTS. 



25 


The same day, the prince of Persia. and his belo red princess 
arrived safely at his father's cour
 when their nuptials were im- 
mediately celebrated with the greatest splendor. 


THE STORY OF PRINCE AHMED AND THE FAIRY PARJBANON. 


There was a e

tiLn named ,Mirza, who had peaceably fined the 
throne of India many years; and had the satisfaction in his old 
age to have three 
ons, tÌ1e imitators of his virtues; and H. niece, i 
who was the ornament of the court. The elùest of the princes 
was named Houssain, the second Ali, the youngest Ahmed. The 
princess was called N ouronnihar, or daylight. 
N ouronnihar, in virtue, beauty, and wit, was distinguished be. 
yond all the princesses of her time. The sultan propmmd to marry 
her, when she became of a proper age, to some neighboring prince; 
but, when tbat time arrived, his sons were each of them pa.ssion- 
ately in love with their cousin. Tbe sultan saw this with great con- 
cern. He dreaded lest this rivalry among the young men should 
destroy their happiness and his own. He tried in vain to persuade 
each in turn to give up bis p
etensions; or at least to refer hi
 
claim to the decision of the lady. Having reasoned with them 
apart to no purpose, the sultan called them together, and after 
lamenting that they all so obstinately pursued a happiness which 
only one of them could enjoy, he proceeded thus: "I have, my 
sons, hit upon an expedient: which, by leaving something to chance, 
and more to diligence, will, I hope, decide your contest, without 
destroying your fraternal love. I would have each of you travel 
for a twelvemonth, not as princes, but as private merchants. I 
will give you a large sum of money, and he that brings home the 
greatest rarity shall receive N ouronnihar as his reward," 
The proposal was se fa.ir and impartial, that t.he three princM 
readily agreed to it. AccQrdingly, they set out the next morning. 
each attended by a. trm;ty officer, in the habit of a slaye. They 
travelled together the first day; and lay at. an inn where the road 
divided in three different tracks. They supped in great harmony; 
and agreed to return to the fmme inn, at the end of the year, and 
wait for each other, that they might go together to their father's 
palace. The next morning, at break of ùay, they emlJraced, and 
mounted their horses, each taking a different road. 
Prince Houssain had heard much of the grandeur, strength, and 
riches of the kingdom of Bisnago.r. He bent his course thither, 



326 


AJL\BIAN NIGHTS' 


and aftcr five months' severe tra\'ellihg, he arrived sa:e in tbe 
carital of that kingdom. lIe lodged in a khan, appointed for 
foreign merchants, and when he had recovered his fa.tigue, he took 
a survey of the city. 
It was formed into four divisions, in the centre of which stood 
the royal palace. The divi8iull which chiefly engaged the atten- 
tion of t.he prince was that where the merchants sold their various 
commodities. It was large and divided into many streets, all 
vaulteù, and shaded from the sun, yet very 1ight. The shops wero 
dl of a size, and built exactly alike. All the people that dealt in 
the same sort of goods lived in one street; as did al
o the mechanics 
who kept their shops in the smaller streets. 
Prince Houssain was much pleased at seeing such large stocks 
of all sorts of merchandise. The fine-st linens from India, painted 
\11 the most lively colors; silks and brocades fro111 r
rsia: porce. 
lain from Japan and China; but when he came to the shops of the 
jewellers and goldsmiths, the prodigious quantity of jewels of 
every sort, and of wrought gold and silver, astonished him; nor 
was he less amazed at the general riches of the people, when he 
learned that except the bramins and others who professed a vol un. 
tary poverty, there was scarce an Indian, man or woman, but what 
'wore necklaces, bracelets, and ornaments of pearl and other jewel!'! 
a.bout their legs and feet, which appeared with great lustre, as they 
were blacks. 
Another matter took much of the prince's attention, which was 
the great number of rose-sellers that crowded the streets; for the 
Indians were such great admirers of that flower, that none of them 
would stir without a nosegay in his hand, or a garland on bis head, 
so that the air was perfectly perfumed. 
Having fully satisfied his curiosity
 he began to apply him
clf 
8('riou
]y to tho busiueRs of his journey. He pm;:
od many days 
among the merchants, and hecame acquainted with many of thom, 
but was not able to find anything so rare as to meet his wishes. 
As he wag si.tting one day in a shop, he saw a crier pass by with 
a pie-ce of tapeHtry (\n his arm, about six fect E:qnare, which he cried 
at thirty purses. lIe called the crier, and cxamincd the tapestry, 
which secmcd to be of I::!O ordinary a quality, that thc prince coul<1 
Dot comprehend why so e
'dravagant a price was set 011 it. The 
crier, who to.ok him for a merchant, tûld him. a
 he was surveyillg 
it, that, though it was critJf1 ut thirty purscs, he had orders to raise 



E:N'l'ERT .AI1';:\IE
TS. 


327 


it to forty; and not to part with it under. "Certainly," said the 
prince, '" there must be some merit in this tapestry which one can- 
not see; for it does not appear to be "'orth so many purses !" 
"You are in the right," replied the crier, "the reason this tapestry 
is of such high value is that whoever sits on it, may be transported 
in an instant to whatever place he desires, without being stopped 
by any obstacle/' 
It struck Prince IIoussain that he could not hope to m
et with 
: greater curiosity. He asked the crier how he should be con- 
vinced it possessed such a quality; to which he replied, " 1 suppose, 
sir, you have not so much money about you; I will spread the 
tapestry, and we will both sit on it. You shall form the wish to be 
in your khan, and if we are not both there immediately, it shall 
not be a bargain." fro this fair proposal the prince agreed. The 
experiment was made, and succeeded completely. He paid the 
crier the furty purses, and congl'tttulated himself on his 
ood 
fortune. 
Houssain could have returned home directly; but his honor 
would not permit him to violate his engagement with his brothers. 
He devoted; therefore, the l'emainder of the year to the acquir- 
ing of know lcd
e. He visited the court of the king of Bisnagar, 
and viewed everything curious in the city whi.ch he had not, 
already seen. He informed himself in everything rE!s})ecting the 
manner8 and police of the country, and the strength and riche
 
of the sovereign. 
Amidst the public buildings his attention was mUlCh engaged by 
a temple of idols which was built of bras
. It was ten cubit
 
square, and fifteen high. The principal idol was the height of a 
man, of massive gold; its eyes were rubies
 so artificially set, that 
it seemed to look at the spectator in whatever direction he stood. 
There was also another very curious temple at a little distance 
from the 
etropolis, in the midst of a large plain, which was 
formed into an elegant garden; thére was !"3ised a terrace, in the 
middle of which was a temple adorned with a great variety of 
paintings and sculptures. 
Superstitious ceremonies were performed every night and morn- 
ing in this temple, and these were always followed by sports, 
music, dancing, and fem;ting. The ministers of this temple WAre 
Bupported entirely hy the offerings of pilgrims who came in great 
nuu bel's from the most distant, parts of the kingdom. 


.' 



328 


ARAßIA
 :KIGIlT;3' 


Before Prince Houssain left the city there was a solemn feast 
celebrated, at which all the governOl's and judges of towns, and 
the most celebrated bramins were obliged to be present, though 
some lived so far off as to be four months in coming. At this meet- 
ing the king gave solemn audiences to the travellers, aIJd to many 
other strangers who applied. After which the assembly resem- 
llied an immense fair, where musicians, stage-players, an.d other 
artists, 
ndeavored to engage the attention of the people. Many 
of these performed their amusements on castles, erected on the 
backs of elephants, whose trunks, ears, and bodies, were painted 
in very grotesque characters. 
These unwieldy animals were trained by their masters to dis- 
play tricks which show great docility in the beast. One of them 
surprised Prince IIoussain by standing with his fore feet on a post, 
and beating time to music with his trunk. Another performed a 
more extraordinary feat. nearly of the same nature. For, though 
placed on a board which formed a seesaw, and was balanced by 
weights at the other end, he still, amidst that motion so unnatural to 
him, beat time also to music with great exactness. 
As the time of returning drew on, IIoussain began to be impatient. 
Ilis pm,.
ion for his lovely cousin had increased by absence, and he 
fancied he should be more easy if he was nea
er to her. He 
caused, therefore, the officer who attended him to sit down with 
him on the tape::;try, and they were instantly transported to the 
inn, at which be had agreed to meet his brothers; where he a1'. 
peared as a melchant, till they arrived. 
Prince Ali, the second brother, went to the capital of Persia, 
where he passed much of his time in the bezestein, among the 
merchants. .As he was conversing with some of them, he ob- 
Eerved a salesman in the market, with an ivory perspective glass 
in his hand, about a foot long, which he offered to sell, demanding 
fifty purses for it. 
The salesman presented it to the prince, who had the com- 
plaisance to receive it from him, though he thought he was mad 
t'Ü ask such a price for it. lIe fitted it to look through, and the 
salesman wa:; about to explain the use of it, but that was rendered 
unnecessary; for as N ouronnihar was ever present to the prince's 
:magination, he chanced, as he raised the glass to his eye, to wish 
be could see her with it. He was aHtoniHhed, when, on looking 
through the glass, he beheld the princess at her toilet, laughing, 
with her women about her. 



ENTEHTAI
l\IE
TS. 


3
9 


He put the glass to his eye th3 second time, and wished to 5ee 
.niB father; when he immediately Baw the sultan sitting on his 
throne, in the midst of his council. He tried the glass again by de- 
siring to see firl:3t his brother Hou8sain, and then his brother 
Ahmed; in both 'which cases he succeeded. 
Prince .A.li considered this glass as a curiosity that could no- 
where be matched. He paid the Bum demanded for it, and was 
overjoyed at his bargain, being assured that neither of his broth 
ers would be able to meet with anything so curious, and that the 
princess N ouronnihar would be the reward of his fatigue and 
trouble. 
Prince Ahmed took the road to Samarcand, where he resided 
some time, without anythiug of consequence occurring to him. 
lIe associated much with men of s-cience, to whom his abilities 
rendered him an agreeable companion. Among these respectable 
associates he learned that a celebrated philosopher of that coun- 
try had composed an artificial apple, the smell of which cured all 
disorders; that this invention had been of no use to the auth",r, 
who being seized with a sudden illness a great way from home, 
where bis apple was, had died. It was added that the widow was 
poor, and wished to sell it; but that she asked 8ixty purses for it; 
no one in that country was rich enough to purchase. 
Ahmed listened to this discourse with great attC'ntion. He con- 
cluded that if he had heard a true account of this artificial apple, 
It was not only the most curious, but the most useful thing in the 
world. He applied to the widow of the philosopher, and ha.ving 
by repeated experimentB proved the virtues of tbe apple, he paid 
her the price she demandeù, alld took IJossession of it with the 
highest satisfaction. The year drawing to a close, he joined a 
caravan, and arrived in perfect health at the inn, where he found 
the princes IIoussain àud Ali waiting for him. 
'\Vhen the three hrothers met, they embraced each other with 
great affection. After some general conversation Ali asked his 
brother how long Rince they had arrived. "I have been here," 
replied Houssain, ,. three months." "You did not travel far then," 
8aid Ali. "I was five months before I reached the end of my 
journey," answered IIoussain, "and then stayed four months at the 
city I then arrived at." "I canllot comprehend how this is possi. 
ble," replied Ali, " unless you flew back !" 
Houssain, without answering Ali, addressed himself to both hJS 



330 


ARABIAN NIGHTS 9 


brothers, and said," As we are within a day's journey of OUl 
father's court, and our hopes respecting our beloved couöill lnU
t 
t)ùon be decided, let us, with the frankness becoming brothcrl-l, pro- 
duce now our curiosities; that we may judge to whom our fatLer 
'Wl
 give the preference':' lIe then produced his tapestry and told 
them the qualities of it; at the same time remarking to his 
brother Ali, that it was by his tapestry onJy, that he could ex- 
plain the riddle of his journey and return. 
Prmce Ali produced his perf;pective glass, and described its 
virtues, after which he put it into the hand of his elder brother. 
Houssain raised the glass to his eye, and wished to see the 
princess Nouronnihar. Instantly he turned very pale, and was 
seized with great agitation. "Alas, my brothers!" said he," our 
contest is at an end, and we shall none of us possess our lovely 
cousin. N ollronnihar now lies at the point of death !" 
Ali and Ahmed eaeh hastily snatched the glass, and were con- 
vinced Houssain's account was too true. The two elder brothers 
were resigning themselves to despair; but .Ahmed produciug his 
apple, said, "You have not asked for my curiositJ, brothers, which 
can in an instant repair all this mischief. If a eick person, though 
in the last agonies, smells to this apple, it will restore him to per- 
fect health immediately. All we have to do, then, is to set off 
this moment, and proceed to the palace with the utmost despatch." 
Ali, who had again raised the glass to his eye, cried out, ,: It 
will be too late! it will be too late! alas, she is now expiring !" 
lIoussain, hearing this, spread his tapestry hastily, and placiug 
his brothers on it, wished them and himself in the princess's bed- 
chamber. They found themselves there in an inst.aut. .Ahmed, 
Dot ha.ving had time to put by his apple, had it in his hand, and 
had the presence of mind to run immediately to the expiring 
princess, and by putting it to her nose, arrested the fleeting spirit. 
After the apple had been held to her for a short time, N ouron- 
nihar seemed as if she was awakened from a trance. lIer face 
was DO longer convulsed, shê breathed freely, she opened her 
eyes, and began to converse with her attendants; she presently 
found herself perfectly recovered. lIeI' slaves had been: C'l"l'ified 
at the sudden appearance of three men among them; amI tho 
eunuchs were ready to punish their intrusion, but recollected the 
princes in time. "Then the attendants saw the effect of Ahmed's 
apple, they were overjoyed: the princess also paid her respects 



ENTERTAIN)IENTS. 


331 


to her cousins, and expressed her gratitude to Ahmed. After 
which the princes withdrew, and went to throw themselves at the 
feet of the /5UItan. 
Their father received them with the greatest joy, accepted and 
applauded their presents as they deserved; and congratulated 
them, as well on tbeir safe return,. as on the recovery of the 
princess. But when they pressed him to decide their prete.ùsions 
to Nouronnihar, and each urged the U8'C of his acquisition, on the 
late alarming occasion, he spoke to tbem as follows: "How can I 
justly determine between you, my children, on this interesting oc- 
casion? Your apple, my dear Ahmed, restored your cousin to 
life; but without Ali's glass you would not have known ber dan- 
ger. Nor would even your knowledge of that danger, and your 
possessing tbe means of relieving her have been of the leaJ:;t use, 
had not Houssaill's tapestry conveyed you hither as it did. Your 
presents, in my opinion, are equally valuable; and you share 
among you the glory of having preserved the princess. 
"But I will no longer suffer a contest to continue, so fatal to the 
peace of us all. I will adopt another mode of determining your 
fortune with your cou8in. 'rhe long bow is a"manly and princely 
exercise. Provide yourselves with ùows and arrows by to-mor- 
row morning, and I will give the princess to him 'who shoots far- 
thest." 
'The next morning the three princes attended at the place ap- 
pointed; and the sultan having appointed judges, Prince Houssain 
shot an arrow, which flew a great distance. Ali shot next, much 
beyond him. Ahmed then shot, and though it was universally 
believed that he had shot farthest, yet, as his arrow could not be 
found, the judges, notwithstanding his earnest remonstrance, de- 
termined in favor of Prince Ali, who accordingly espoused the 
lovely N ouronnihar, a few days afterward. 
llou8sain would not honor the feast with his presence. He 
could not òear to see the woman he loved, in the arms of his 
rival, though .that rival was a beloved brother. In the transport 
of bis grief he renounced his succession to the erown, and all in- 
t{'rcourse with the world, and joined a society of Dervises, WhOS6 
rules were unusu:.tlly rigid and austere. 
Ahmed also refused to be present at his brother's nuptia,l
, 
though he did not suffer his disappointment to carry him to such 
excess, as his brother IIoussain indulged. As he could not ima. 



33
 


ARABIAN 1\"IGIITS' 


gine what became of his arrow, be went In search of it, to the 
place where IIoussain and Ali's were found. He proceeded, look
 
ing carefully on each l:iide, till be bad got 80 fur, that be gave up 
all thought of finding it. lIe pursued his journey, indulging his 
melancholy reflections till he came to some rocks which were 
four league
 distant from the place where he set out, and which 
bounded his walk that way, as they were illacessible. 
\\Then Ahmed came to these rocks, he perceived an arrow, which 
he picked up, and was astonished to tind it was the same he had 
shot away. It appea.red to have rebounded from the rock. The 
apparent impostiiLility of any man shooting an arrow so far, 
made the prince conclude there must be something supernatural in 
the matter. His heart began to ilidulge in happy presages, and 
to hope that his disappointment would be made up to him, by 
means of some event, which this interposition would produce. 
\Vhile he meditated on these matters, he entered imperceptibly, 
some of the irregular breaks of the rocks, in one of which he 
perceived an iron door. lIe pushed against it, and it opened, 
when he found an easy descent, which he walked down, with his 
arrow in his hand. lIe had not advanced many steps, before he 
entered a spacious and bea.utiful garden, and at a little distance 
he saw a magniticent palace. As he drew near to it, he was met 
by a very beautiful lady ; her air waR graceful and majestic, yet 
sweetly easy and Pllcouraging; her dress, brilliant beyond imagi- 
gation; and a large troop of handsome and well-dressed attendants 
bespoke her quality. She received the prince with a bewitching 
Bll1Ìle, saying, ,. Prince Ahmed, you are welcome." 
Ahmëd paid his respects to her in the best manner he was able; 
for 
uch a succession of wonders had thrown hjm into confu:sion. 
He thanked her for Lidding him welcome to that elegant re- 
treat, where he had reason to fear he was an intruder, and rejoiced 
that he had the honor to be known by so charming a lady. They 
drew near the palace, and the lady invited him to go in and hear 
w here he \Val:', and how she came to know him. 
"\Yhen they entered the hall, the lady said to him, " You are 
surprised, Ahmed, that I, whom yúu have ne\'er seen before, should 
know you. To remove this wonder, learn then that I am a fairy, 
daughter to one of the most powerful genii, who, your religion 
teaches you, inhabit the world, as well as men. 1\1y name is Pari- 
Lanon. I am acquainted with all the affairs of your father's 



ENTERTAIN:1IENTS. 


333 


court. I sold you the artificial apple. Ali bought bis I erspec. 
tive glass, and Houssain his tapestry, of me. I am not, you find, 
unacquainted with your concerns. You seemed to me worthy of 
a more happy fate, than that of posseRRing the princess K ouronni- 
har, whose husband will never mount a throne. I was present 
when you drew your arrow, and, foreseeing it would fall short of 
Prince Houssain's, I took it in the air, and conveyed it to the rucks 
where you found it. By this meanb I have led you hither. And 
it will be much your own fault if this visit does not fix your hap- 
piness on the most permanent basis." 
The fairy pronounced these words in the most tender manner, 
glancing affectionately at the prince, yet covered with modest COll- 
fusion. Ahmed was too penetrating to be at a loss in understand- 
ing the beautiful fairy. Paribanon as far excelled the princess in 
loveliness of person, in sprightly wit, and engaging deportment, 
as she did in power and splendor. Ahmed rejoiced at his late ais. 
a.ppointment; and resigning his whole h
art to the charming 
Paribanon: he threw himself at her feet, and professed himself 
happy in being admitted her slave. 
The s
nsible fairy then raised him up, and said, "1\Iy dear 
Ahmed, I did not bring you here to be my slave, but my husband. 
You will not wonder I am thus frank with you: when I tell you 
that we fairies are exempt from that trifling coquetry which is 
mo
t to be found in the weakest of mortal females." The prince 
on his knees seized her hand, and ravished it with kisses. "I 
pledge my faith to you, madam," said he, "in the most solemn. 
maImer; and vow to devote my whole heart to you without the 
least reserve." "I receive your faith, my dear prince," replied 
the fairy, " and plight you mine in return; and now, according to 
the custom of fairies, you are my husband, 
Ll1d I am your wife. 
Our marriages are contracted without any other ceremonies." 
From this time Prince Ahmed lived with his beloved fairy, en- 
joying every happiness. The society of his charming ParibanoD, 
whose virtues and elegant manners continually increased his 
attachment to her, gave him the most rational and heart-felt 
deligh t. 
Several months passed away in this manner; when the recollec- 
tion of his father, whom Ahmed always loved and honored, and 
the consideration of the pain the sultan must suffer in his absence, 
broke in upon the prince's felicity. He mentioned these reflerti)ns 



334 


ARABIAN NIGHrS' 


to the fairy, and expressed a great desire to pay his fathEr a visit; 
Lnt Paribanon upbraided him, that his affection for her was grcH,'ing 
cool. She was so much affected at this idea, that it was with diffi- 
culty the prince could pacify bel' by tbe most earnest assuran
e of 
unceasing love, and renouncing all thoughts of visiting the sultan. 
K otwith
tanding Paribanon's jealousy, tbat prince deserved ull 
his son's attention. It was with the greatest reluctancJ, that ho 
had decided the contest between his Bons; dreading those conse- 
quences which followed that event. He was soon informed of the 
resolution of Prince Hom;.sain, and of the retreat whicb he had 
chosen. And though he regretted this determination of his elùest 
son, yet the knowledge of his situation afforded him some comfort. 
But of Prince Ahmed he could ohtain no information. He even 
npplied to a sorceress of great abilities, to inquire after him. Yet 
with the utmost exertions, she could only lefirn that he '\Tas yet 
aliye; but not the least }mrticular of his present situation. This 
uncertainty was the canse of great sorrow to the sultan. 
Although Ahmed gave up his wißh to vi
it his father, in conl
 
pliance with the desire of the fa,iry, yet he could not refrain from 
frequently mentioning him, and never without a sigh. This con- 
duct excited reflection in the breast of Paribanon. She considered 
that she had no reason to doubt the affection of her husband, 
who appeared every day more fond of her; but how long that 
affection would last, if she kept him under perpetual re::.itraint., 
she had just cause to fear. She was naturally very benevolent; 
'and the consideration that she prevented a worthy Bon from wiping 
away the tears of an affectionate father, shed on his aûcount: was 
more than sbe could bear. "I am sensible, my dear Ahmed/' said 
Bhe one day to tbe prince" ,: of tho restraint yon put upon yourself, 
in suppressing your wishes to visit your royal father. "\Vhen I 
first refused you, I was induced to do so, by tbe tender fear lest tl;e 
naturally volatile disposition of a young man might lead you to 
forsake me. But I ßhould nút deserve your tenderness, if, after 
your baving thus long made me so great a sacrifice, I could doulJt 
your constancy and steady affection. Go, then, pay your duty to 
the sultan; and let him know you will attend him for that pur- 
pose every month. Do not, however, let me long regret your ah- 
sence; nor on any account, acquaint your father with your mar- 
riage, or where you reside. Beg of him to be satisfied in kn( wing 
YI)U are happy." 



EXTER LUX:\1 E
TS. 


335 


Ahmed expre
ed tho must lin'ly gratitude to the fa:ry, and 
promised to observe all her instructions. The next morning he set 
forward for the sultan)s court, attended by twenty gentlemen, well 
mounted. They soon arrived at the city, where .Ahmed was re- 
ceived by the people with accla.mations of joy. 'Yhen he arrived 
at the palace, his father elllLraced him with great aftection, kindly 
chiding him for his absence, and inquiring what had befallen him. 
The prince told him that he had fuund his arrow as far off as the 
black rocks; and that the search after it had been attended with 
an adventure that had made him contented and happy.; but en- 
treated the sultan not to insist on knowing the pa.rticulars. The 
tender father cheerfully acquiesced; and after three days, Ahmed 
took his leave, promising to renew his visit at the end of the 
month. 
Ahmed returned to the fairy, who received him very joyfully. 
Every month he renewed his visit to his father'
 court, each time 
attended more splendidly than before. For a long time the sultan 
had great pleasure in these visits; but some of the busy parasites 
who infest every court, began to instil jealousies into his mind, 
under pretence of C{)l1cern for his safety, which destroyed all his 
happiness, and ended most fatally. They observed to the Emltall, 
that on every visit, the prince came attended by a different retinue. 
That the number of his retainers, therefore, must be very consid
ra- 
ble, and thê magnificence of their appearance every time increas- 
ing, showed their master's wealth was inexhaustible. N or was this 
all. The freshness of their clothes, and the spirit of their horses, 
sufficiently proved that they came not far. "If, therefore," said 
they, "the prince (who everybody knows was extremely mortified 
at losing N ouronnihar) should choose to resent that decision, or 
even to seize the crown, he seems tö have sufficient power near at 
hand, to execute such an enterprise. At least, thereforl', it would 
be prudent to find out the plaee of his retirement, which IH so care- 
fully conceals." 
The sultan of the Indies fur some time seemed to pay no atten.. 
tion to these remonstrances, but they made the deepeJ5t imprp8sion 
on his mind. The shouts of applause which the people gave to 
the prince, ",henever he was scen in the city beeame now a tor- 
ment to the sultan. He became jealous of his worthy son, al1l_1 
though he c{}l1cealed from everyone, as much as possible, his ill- 
foundf'd disgust, yet he resolved t<r discover hiB retreat. For this 



336 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


purpose he applied to the sorcereS8 he had formerly con
ulted, 
and engaged her to watch his son, and bring him word where he 
retired. . 
The sorceress hid herself among the black rocks, till she saw the 
prince and his attendants pass by her. She continued looking 
after them, when all on a sudden they disappeared. She followed 
. them to the brinks of the rocks, a.nd examined them with the 
greatest attention on each bide, till she came to the farther end, 
without being able to discover the iron door through which the 
prince and his retinue had passed; for that was seen only by those 
whom the fairy Paribanon wished to receive. 
l'be magician returned disappointed; but when the prince's 
next monthly visit drew near, she returned to the rocks, and as 
soon as his train approached her, she contrived to lie on the side 
of the road and appear as if expiring. Ahmed was so moved at 
her supposed distress that he ordered her to be taken up, :1}ld re- 
turned with all his attendants through the iron gate, and besought 
the fairy to assi
t her. 
Paribanon ordered the sorceress to be led a
ay, and supplied 
with whatever she stood in need of. 1 l hen turning to the prince, 
she said, " I admire, my dear Ahmed, the goodness of your heart; 
but in this instance. I fear it will operate to your prejudice. Thi8 
woman is an imposter. She is not sick; and whatever her views 
are in persuading you to think so, they cannot certainly bo 
friendly ones." "I never," replied the prince, " did; or intended 
any injury to anyone; nor can I suppose anyone would injure me. 
But if I am mistaken, and have an enemy, I will not therefore 
withhold from doing good, whenever I have an opportunity." He 
then again took leave of the fairy, and set forward for the city. 
The sorceress having disco
ered the prince's retreat, pretended 
to b
 much recovered by the medicines which had heen given her; 
she begged leave to return thanks to Pnribanon, and to pursue her 
journey. 
The fairy received her, sitting on her throne of massy gold, and 
surrounded with the utmost splendor. After she had paid her 
compliments, the fairy ordered two of her attendants to show her 
the palace, and then to permit her to depart. They led her ac- 
cordingly through all the apartments, and displayed bpfore he.f 
fluch a profusion of riches as she had no idea of, For Paribanon, 
having no doubt but she came as a spy from Borne enemy of her 



E:XT U
T A 1
)I.KNTS. 


837 


hush and, was detcrmined 
he 
h()lllù go away with sHch nn idea. 
of his situation as should excite rc
p('ct if not awc. The sorcor('l:;s 
was then conducted to the iron gate and dil'Ulis
ed ; lmt \\ hat muc.h 
troubled her was, that thuugh sbe turned. round illlmediately to 
mark the gate, it bad Lecom
 invisiLle; and all turlling a seconù 
time, she found herself at the eutrance of the l'ock
, far beyolld 
the place where the prince took pity on her. 
From the time the sultan had suffered himself to be irritated 
against his son, be had neglected to con
ult with his old aud iitith- 
ful vizier; he had given himself up to a cabal of interested ad- 
visers, who sought only to promote their own profit by a pre- 
tended zeal for their master's safety. To them he privately intro- 
duced the sorceress, aDd heard her report in their presence. 
If the weak sultan feared his son before, this account of his Ull- 
bounded wealth made him envy and hate him. His advisers were 
at no loss to disco,er this, and everyone, to gain his master's 
fh,vor, seemed to outyie the other in proposing violent lllcasure
. 
Some counselled, as the prince was now on the spot, to cut him 
off without delay. The most lenient wished him and his attend- 
ants imprisoned for life. Amidst these desperate proposals the 
sorceress begged leave to offer a different expedient. 
" An attempt to destroy Prince Ahmed by violence, protected as 
he is by a retinue of fairies and genii, would not only be in vain, 
but would certainly excite the 'Vengeance of Paribanon. I would 
recommend a very different conduct toward him: let the prince 
know you are acquainted with his having married a fairy, and en- 
gage him to task her power in procuring certain adyantages for 
you. If he succeeds with the first, you have to go on demanding 
something 8till more difficult, till you tire out his patience, and he 
will then cease these dangerous visits, which give him so much 
influence over the people." 
Everyone approyed of this advice, and" agreeably to it, the 
sultan, next day, with nn air of good humor, congratulated hi
 
son on his marriage with a fairy. "] n'joice," said he, "a.t this 
fortunate counecti0n, and must l)('g you will not deny me your in- 
fluence with your w if,}, in a matter I haye so much at heart. I 
want a pa.vilion, that may be carried in a mnn's lmud, and yet he 
large enough to eO\ er a nunwrous army. Yon will oùlige me 
greatly, if you will perRtHlrle your ,,,,ife to furnish me such a one." 
Prince Ahmed hoard \yith 
mrpri8e and pleasure that his father 
15 



338 


AHABIAN NIGHTS' 


knew of his nuptials, and approved them; but when he came to 
urge so extraordinary a demand, the poor prince was overwhelm- 
ed with confusion. lIe was very desirous of being eXfJused; Lut 
finding the sultan pressed the thing upon him: "Your commands, 
sir," said he, "are a law to me. I will ask this extraorùinary 
thing of my wife, though it will be with great reluctance. If I 
succeed, I will return immediately; if I fail, you will know I haye 
done so, by my paying my respects to you no more.'" 
Ahmed took leave of the sultan, with much disc,::nuposure. On 
his return home, Parihanon presently saw something had happen- 
ed to displease him. In answer to her inquiries, he told her the 
demand his father had made, and his uneasiness in consequence ot 
it. "I have ever," continued he, "been happy in loving you, and 
being loved by you; and have carefully avoided tasking your 
power; nor should anything have induced me to do it, but the 
command of a father. \Vhat vexes me BlOSt is the n,quest hë has 
made, at once exorbitant in the idea, and impossible to be com- 
plied with." Paribanon heard him with a smile, and after prais- 
ing the delicacy of his love, she d.espatched a slave to her tr.e.as- 
urer, with orders to send one of her s1nallest pavilions. The 
slave presently returned with it in her hand, and presented it to 
her mistress who gave it to her husband. 
Ahmed received - it with a look of incredulity; but the f
iry 
soon convinced him of his mistake, by ordering it to be fixed up. 
N ext morning he returned to court, and presented it to his father. 
l'he sultan, little imagining there could DC such a thing as the 
tent he had asked for, was surpri!:ied to see him. lIe received it 
from Ahm('d, anù ordered it to be set up in the plain, when he 
found it large enough t.o shelt.er an army twice as numerous as he 
could bring into the field. The prince increased his wonder, by 
telling him, that he could make it larger or smaller, hy a W'i
h7 
according to the army it was to coyer. 
l\Iirza receivpd his 
on's curious present with cold civilit.y, and 
in his hcart concpiv{'(l a still great.er hah erl and jealousy of him. 
He again consulted the 80repl't'F'R, and, hy her advi<,e; he a(Mrcssed 
him in the evening, 1)c[ore the whol(' court, and hel'iought him to 
obtain for him Home of the water of the founta.in of Liollt\. "The 
dangers he must fn,ce to {llJtaill this wnt('r/' said. t.he 'sorcereR
 

'n,re so many, that it is hardly pOF'sible he 
hould escape thpm 
And if he falls your majesty will be h.'ppily riel of him" 



E.x r.EHTAI.x)lE
T;3. 


339 


'Yhen Ahmed, on his return home, related this I e,.,. demand of 
his father to P8.l'ibanon, she addrel5l5cd him thus: ,: I am now COil- 
villced, my dcar Ahmed, that the afièctiull.8 of the sultan are 
aliena,ted from you, and that he meditatel5 your destructiun. This 
water can only be oLtàined at your own ril5k; llOt. by my power. From 
most of the dangers attending the attcmpt, I can protect you; Lut 
I cannot preserve the I:'ultan from the punil5luuent which await.'i 
him, if he persÏ8ts in his unnatural COl1ùuct. 
" The fountain of Lions is l5ituated in the middle of a court., the 
entrance of which is guarded Ly fuur liollfõ!. Yuu lllUl5t have two 
horses, one of which you lllU:::;t ride; and, (In the other, which 
you must lead, put a shee]!, killed to-day, and diviùeù iuto fOllr 
quarters. Take also It bottle to fill with the wuter. Set uft' ear] y 
to-morrow morning, and, when you have p::USl5ed the iron gate, 
throw this clew of thread on the ground. Follow it exactly, and 
you will escape all other difficulties, till you COUle to a pair 01 
large folding doors, which will open at your approach, You will 
then see the lioDs; throw to each a q muter of the tsheep as you 
ride toward them; fill your bottle with all possible expedition, 
while they are eatillg : when you have accom]!lished this, you Ulay 
return without apprehension, as the lions will not then attcmpt to 
hurt you." 
The prince obeyed the fairy's directions, and succeeded. Oll hi8 
return he found that tv;o of the lions followed him. He turned 
about and drew his sabre to defend himl5elf; but he 800n fOUlld 
that unnecessary; the lions approached with the utmo:::;t gentle- 
ness, one passing by him went. before, while the other followed; 
and thus guarded him till he came to his father"s capital, where 
they disappeared. 
He presented the sultan with the bottle of water, which he had 
procured with so much danger. That prince appea.red to he in 
raptures at his son's 0 bedience and success. But the hatred he 
had so causelessly entertaincd against his dutiful SOll, noW became 
inveterate. In the e,'ening he Bcnt for the sorceress, and ill a. 
rage charged her, as she valued her life, to invent a task for 
Ahmed, which was not to be tbus easily accompli8hed. She was 
terrified at the threats of the sultan. "Sir," said she, "I can 
point out a task for the prince, which will he attended with the 
utmost danger; but, if he succeeds, I trem'b Ie for the consequences 
to you and to mysclf." "N 0 matter," replied the sultan, hastily, 



310 


A I
All[AN NIGHTS' 


"no matter for toe consequences to me; and, as to you, I will put 
you to death this instant, if you do not lJOint out this adventure, 
which may relieve me from a hated rival, Ly whom I am every 
day more and more eclipsed. 
The sorcere
s oheyed, and the sultan, fully 
nstl'llCted, received 
hi
 son the next morning ,,'ith a smile, and said to him," I have 
one more favor to requcst of you, and I desire you will u
e your 
interest with the fitÏl'Y, your wife, to gratify me; after which I 
will no more exact :wything from your obedience, or her power. 
Bring me a man, not above a foot and half high, whose hearù is 
thirty feet long, and who carries an iron bar of five hundred 
weight, whIch he uses as a quarter staff." Prince Ahmed bowed, 
and withdrew in 8ilence. 
On his return home he told Paribanon, with great sorrow, what 
had passed. "I am now," said he, "too well assured that my 
fàther is beeome my enemy, and seeks these extraordinary de- 
mands to effect my destruction; but, as he declares this 8hall be 
his la.st request, let me, my dear fairy, if this task be not too diffi- 
cult, entreat your assistance." " Nothing," replied Para-mnou, 
" can be more easy than for you to fulfil thi
 command. This man 
is my brother, Schaibar. His disposition is very difierent from 
mine. IIis nature is crabbed and violent, and his resentmellt al- 
ways fa.t.al; yet, if not provoked, he is kind and obliging. I will 
Bend for him immediately; but be sure to prepare yourself for 
his appearance, aud take especial care not to show fear at his sin- 

ular and very forbidding figure," 
"Ah! my lovely fairy," replied Ahmed, "if Schaibar is your 
brother, let his person be ever so disagreeable, I ca.n never see him 
but with sentiments of respect and affection." 
PariLanon ordered a gold ch:
fing-di8h to be set, with a fire ill it, 
under the porch of the palace; and throwing in B0111e perfume, 
there a
.ose a thick cloud of smoke, soon after which the fairy said 
to Ahmed, "See! my brother comes." The prince immediately 
saw Schaibar approaching, his heavy bar on his shoulder, his l)eard 
wound around him, a pair of thick mustachios which he tucked 
behind his ear
, that almost covered his f.'1C'e; 11Ïs little eyes set 
deep in his head, which was very large, and on which he wore a 
grenadier's cap. lIe was hump-backed, and his whole appearance 
the most ferocious that could be imagined. 
Sucb a tremendou!:; figure 
m any other occasion, would have 



EXTlunArN..)lENTS. 


3.11 


terrified Ahmed exceedingly; but being prepar
d fur his cuming, 
and knowing who he was, the prince stuud by Paribanull with the 
utmost composure. Schaibar, as he callie furward, looked at 
Ahmed in such a manner as was enough to freeze his lJlood; and 
asked PariLanon, when he first acco
ted her, " whu that man was.
' 

r() which she replied," He is my husband, brother; the reason I did 
not invite you to see him sooner, i
, that I was unwilling to inter- 
rupt you in an expedition you were engaged in, and ti'om which I 
hear with pleasure that you have lately returned 
uccessful." 
SchaiLar then looked favorably on Ahmed, aud offered to do him 
any service in his power. The prince thanked him; aud the fairy 
added, "The sultan, his f<lther, has a desire to 
ee you; I req nest 
you will let him be your guide to the court to-morrow." 
The next morning, after having been fully infoi"llled of all that 
had passed, Schaibar set forward with Ahmed for the sultan's 
palace. As they approached the city, the lleople fled before them 
in dismay; and communicating their fears to all they met, the streets 
were abanduned. 
Even flhe guards of the royal palace ran away. There was no 
one to conduct them to the Emltan, so that the prince and Schaibar 
advanced unexpected into tbe council-chamber, where the sultan 
\\,as giving audience. Everyone drew back in terror. Schaibar 
advanced to the throne, without waiting to be introduced by thp 
prince. '0 Thou hast asked for me," said he to the sultan, fiercely'- 
" here I am! what wouldst thou have with me 1" The terrified 
sultan, inRtead of answering him, clapped his hands before his eyes, 
to shut out the sight of 80 fearful an object. Schaihar, enraged at 
thi
 iw=mlt. illstan
ly lifted up his iron beam and killed him, before 
Ahmed eould interpose in hi8 behalf, lIe continued dealing about 
his fatal blows tin he had destroyed everyone of the prince's 
enemies. lIe then commanded - the grand vizier to introduce tbe 
sorcere
s, who had heen so active in promoting the prince's de- 
struction. She was In.ought hefore him in the utmost tcrror. .L\s 
soon as she wa
 within his reach, 11(' gave bel' a struke with his 
il'On hart s:tyillg. ., Take the reward of thy perniciou
 councils, and 
learn to f(>i
1I lìicklles
 agn,in." 
Schai1 :\.l'.thell (l',l"rpcl th(> gralld yil.ier, :t1}(1 the rmllaiüi\)g offi.eer
 
of the conrt, to proclaim Prillcc ",-\Jnned 
mltan of the Indies, and, 
Eiending for hi!-- sister, Paribalwn, he caused her anrl her hm:1Jaud to 
be clotbed with the royal vestments, and seated on the throw. 



B42 


ARABIAN :KIGHTS 


Houssain bad retired from the world. And Ali; happy in the }IOS. 
session of his belm'cd Nouronnihar, had no desire to oppose his 
brother Ahmed and his terrible ally. lIe contented hilll!:1elf with 
an opulent prodnce; which hi::; brother be!:;towed upon him; and 
Ahmed, with his charming fairy, swayed the sceptre of the Indics 
without opposition. 


STORY OF HABIB AND DORATIL-GOASE, OR THE ARABIAN KNIGHT. 
The tribe of Ben-llilac, the most numerous and valiant in aU 
Arabia, was formerly governed by Emir-Ben-llilac-Salamis, tlJe 
most famous man of that age for courage, military talents, piety, 
probity, a.nd, in a word
 for all those great qualities which aCCOlll- 
plil:;h the character of the statesman and the warrior. He was the 
acknowledged chief of sixty-six trihes over whom he reigned with 
wisdom, and among whom his administration was deservedly pop- 
ular. He had been prosperous in war, and not less so in peae-e. 
He bad passed the prime of life, and had no favor to ask of Heaven 
in order to complete hi:::! felicity, unless a son who might inherit his 
glory and his power. 
In the festival of Haraphat, Salamis continually heaped the altar 
with victims, prostrated himself upon the threshold of the taJJer- 
nacle, addressed his prayers to the holy prophet, and still waited 
with respectful resignation for the time when the will of Heasen 
should favor him with a blessing so essential to his happiuess. 
IIaving one day ofièred a more than ordinary profusion of sacrifices, 
he felt hi:::! miud suddenly impressed with a pleasing hope that his 
wishes would be fulfilled. His hopes were not in vain. Amirala, 
his wife, soon after found herself pregnant, and within nine months 
that princess was delivered of a male child, whose beauty equalled 
that of the brightest luminary which in the evenings of SUlUmel" 
supplies the ah;ence of the sun. Amirala took the child ill her 
arms, and caressed him with mingled emoti()ns of tender love and 
l'apturous joy. 
" Lovely child,'i said she; "chaTming emLlcm of the fair trce 
whose fruit thou art, may my kil:ises be salutary to thee as the rays 
of the sun a.re to the Ludùing pla.nt. Come to my breast, rccci\"e 
the Ilourishmcut which the tenderlJe
8 of a mother gbqly offers. 
" And thou, great prophet! thou, into whose hanùs the 1\lo::;f 
High hfls committed the key of the treasure of celestial grace 
thou, to whom we owe this dearest pledge of love! pour upon him 



ENTERTAIN)IE..
TS. 


3,13 


the benignant influence of thy sacred spirit! At thy powerful \lvice 
may the bravest, the brightest, and yet the mildest star of heaven 
assume the care of his destillY! 
"Ye happy tribes who illhabit the smiling plains of Arabia, it is 
to you that Habib is given! Come, view the head of my young 
cedar! you will di
tinguish it rising above all the rest. Rejoice! 
rejoice! ye happy tribes! One day shall it cover you with its 
shade !" 
'V"hile Amirala thus celebrated the bounty of the Almigllty, 
the emir assembled all the wise men of the nation, and made them 
inquire of the stars concm.ning the destiny of his son. In the 
hour of his birth the eyes of all the 
strologers were raised 
to the azure vault of heaven. They beheld a combat in tho 
fields above. One constellation appeared to oppose another; ono 
very bright star was alternately darkened, hid: and extinguished 
like those meteors which are sometimes seen gliding through the 
air; yet it still maiutaineØ- its place, and ,,-ithin a few moments 
broke out with new lustre, and appeared in the most auspicious 
conjunction. 
The eldest of the astrologers then spoke. "Prince," said he to 
Salamis, "your son will be glol'Ìous, and admired in lif
; but never 
mortal passed through such dangers as he must meet. Perils and 
misfortunes await him, but wonderful will be his resources amidst 
every combination of difficultics. Love and glory are at last to 
crown his toils, if his courage and vigor shall surmount every 
trial." 
"'\Vhat a wayward deQtiny!" returned the emir. "Can nO 
means be empl.oyed to disappoint its severity 1" "Prince, we as- 
sure you, the great planet, and the seven around it, did not appear 
in harmonious concord. They seemed to exert all their powers in 
order to bring assistance to the star of your son, or to counteract 
its noxious influence. Dreadful was the conte!';t, aud as Habib's 
star has again appeared, you may entertain some degree of hope. 
The dan
ers which he is to encounter have Leen clearly displayed 
to us, but as man may EO far elude the 8trokes cf fate, the virtues 
of Habib must avert the llnprol)itiou
 influence with VI hich he is 
threatened, and compel his star to be more favorable to him." 
Salami::; was a man of the greatest fortitude, and at the same 
time of the greatest resignation. 
'The misfortunes which await my son will surely not exceed 



344 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


"hat the strength of humanity is able to bear. Let me form him 
to mnnly energy of character, and BOW the seed.s of every virtuo 
in his heart. Amirala will second my intentiuns, and 
y our joint 
lessons and example, we shall prepare him to tram vie upon every 
danger that may rise up before him." 
Hardly was Habib circumcised: alid taught to articulate a few 
words, when his tender organs, instead of uttering a senReless 
In.attIe, pronounced his confession of faith. lIe already blet;scd 
the Creator of the world, :l\1ohammed his apostle, heavelI, earth, 
the animated beings inhabiting these worlds, and the wide immen- 
sities of space by which they are separated. He Illade the letters 
of the alphabet his playthings, and learlled to arrange them into 
words, and these words soon after into sentences. His mimic 
hom,-es were imitations of mosques; his sport
, his fhncies, anù 
his early propensities, aU showed a mind above the ordinary rank. 
Soon as his body acquired strength, he 0 bserved no set hours for 
his meals. It was necessary that he should be acquainted with 
want, that tyrant. of humanity; a.nd to teach him to bear it without 
murmuring, he was from time to time partially exposed to it. It 
was necessa.ry that he should accustom himself to difficulties; the 
mattress upon which he used to sleep was, therefore, taken away, 
and he was left to lie upon the bare ground. He was exposed oc- 
casionally to the inclemency of the seasons, that his body nlight 
not afterward be too much affected by their severity. 
He was taught to mount the most fiery and the most unmanage- 
able young horRes. IIis addres
 having been previou81y exercised 
in adventures of less dangcr, he soon surmounted the difficultics 
which at first attp,nded this. If he happrned by any acciJent to 
lose hit; seat, his agility soon enaLled him to recoycr it. Thu::, diù 
Amirala form the body of her pu})il. At seven Jears of agp, he 
excelled all his little companions ill vigor and activity. His head 
and ulldcrstandin
 were not n
glected; he could recite all the 
chaptprs of the Koran, aIHi explain their mean ing. lIe was tangllt 
hy his mother to \ iew thc wOIlders qf nature with cHthu:-;iastic ad- 
miratit,n, and could alre:
dy describe its lJPantirs It hpcame time 
for SabuIÏs to thiuk of perfecting an cduca.tioll " 111 eh had lH'pll t50 
ha1)pily h(';!ll11. But. ill ol'llcl' to do tl1Ï
, it waf., 1\1' \('<":.
(
l j th:Ü he} 
8110uld fi'1J an illstruetor a
 _. ell qnalifit.J to fOl"lu hi 
 .\ outh as 
Alllil'ala had 
hown her
<.'lf to tutor hií; illfall('Y. Thcl e was :11 
the camp of Salamis an old philcêopLer, nail
ed Ilfakiö, skilled in 



E
TEl{TAlNlnENTS. 


345 


all the sciences, and blameless in his conduct. But he was at that 
timo affiicted by a distemper, which was conducting him slowly 
to the tomb. "Ah! would God restore me the sage Ilfakis," said 
the emir one day, in the presence of his millister. "How" ould 
you employ him 1" replied the other. "1 have just come from his 
tent. . He told me that he had just taken an elixir, which had 
made him wOllderfully better. lIe was stanùing; he even walked 
no few steps very firmly before me, and I lllàke no doubt that if 
you wish to see him, he may be able to wait upon you here." "Go 
ask him," said the emir. "I look upon bis recovery to life as a 
miracle, wrought by Heaven for my sake, even more than for his." 
Ilfakis obeyed the emir's orders, and agreeù to his proposal. 
íoung; Habib was committed to his new master. 1'hey lived to- 
gether in the smile tent. The cares of the governor found a soil 
ISO naturally happy, and so well prepared in his young pupil's 
mind, that it was fit to receive every degree of eultivatioll. Habib 
was soon able to tell the names of all the stars, to describe the 
paths of the pla.nets, and to calculate their sizes and distallces. 
He knew the various species of trees and plants, and could de
eribe 
their properties. lIe could discourse of vegetation, and knew 1n 
what mallner heat and moisture produced fertility. He knew the 
sea to be formed by the influx of the rivers; he could trace tbe 
vapors raised from it by the heat of the sun to the tops of the 
mountains, and there behold them falling illtO plenteous springs, 
to perpetuate the wonderful operatiolls of nature. He knew how 
to rank every animal in its proper class; while the wonders of in- 
stinct excited his surprise, he was pleased to see these still in sub- 
ordination to the energies of reason.* 
While, with the assistance of Ilfakis, he strove to arrange in 
order all this vast .variety of ideas, he was at the same time atten- 
tive to fix them in hiB mind, and learned the art of writing, with 
pens cut in seven difl'erellt ways.t Salamis, one day, desired his 
son to communicate to him some part of the l
arning he had ac- 
quired. "Father," said the youth, " you must apply to my master 


.. 


* The Araòian-; were the first who taught us to study the wondrous operations 
of nature j they translated the Greek philosoph.r". There is, tJlerléfOle, noth,ng 
improba':le in what is here related of the education of young IIabib. 
t 'l'he pens u,ed òy the Ar lbians are reeds. Wh:\tever be the value they may 
put upon the cntting of pens in all these different WëlyB, it is certain that they 
reckon it a high merit to be able to illuminate their wlitings skilfully. 
I P"* 
Ù 



346 


AUAlllAN NIGll'l'S' 


. 


to give you the information you desire. As for me, I must long bo 
all eye and all ear. I must learn to use my hand, before I begin 
to exercise my tongue, and to write my letters as pure as pearls 
from the water." Salamis, delighted witl-;- this reply, asked his 
sage governor whether there was anything eh:;e that he could teach 
his son. "The young l'rince/' replied Ilfaki
, " never puts a qucs- 
tion to me but he is well able to anticipate the reply, I have 
opened to his eyes the great book of nature; its wònders are at 
each glance more and more clearly unfolded to his view. Farther 
instruction would only retard his progress, and detain him need- 
lessly from the scenes of active life. It it:! time, prince, for my 
pupil to begin his application to those arts whieh are neces::;a.ry 
accomplishments to the man who is one day to rule over sixty-six 
wa.rlike tribes. In tho
e my assistance could be of no s
rvice to 
him. .My body must soon return to the dust, and re
t with its 
parent earth." " Why 80 gloomy a presage 1" replied the emir; 
"you may promise yourself many a good year yet, and you shall 
be liberally supplied with every comfort which the infirmities of 
age require. l\Iy treasure shall be entirely at your COlllllland." 
"-Prince," replied the sage," all the riches in this world are not 
of more value than a grain of sand, in my eyes. All my desires 
have long since failed. This frail body, which I bave no further 
wish to preserye, owes its prolonged existence solely to the secret 
views of Providence, in favor of Salamis. This day is marked 
out by destiny as the last in which it shall be animated. In ful- 
filling my duty, I have enjoyed all the recompense I wish to re- 
ceive here below." " Farewell, then, virtuous Ilfakis," snid the 
emir. ,: Receive my son's emlwaces and mine. Y Ollr loss must 
cost us many tear::;, but we will soothe your dit'itress by going often 
to visit your tellt.'
 "Y ou shall return there 110 more':' replied 
be. "l\ly tent is like a vapor dispel'
ed by the wiud, and I my
elf, 
like the dust, driven before it in its fury. Farewell, Sal:ul1 if'; fa;re- 
well, my dear IIaùib. Think sometimes of me, anÜd8t thc difficul- 
ties with which you are soon to struggle." Young Habib was 
much aft'ccted at this Bcene; but his sensibility was put next day 
to a harder trial. His worthy governor died soon aftcr returning 
to his own tent. The body was immediatcly intcrred, to frce the 
camp from the infection which it produced, the moment after it 
was deserted by the spirit which had animated it. Ha.b,b retircd, 
and wept besidc his mothcr. Alllirala was ple
sed ,,-ith his Ben. 



E
TEHTAnDIENTS. 


347 


sibility, while she strove to console him. She represented the 
things of this earth as inadequate to our felicity, and directed him 
to extend his views beyond it. 1'bese eonsoling considerations 
calmed young Habib's sorrow, but he wished to pay the last duties 
to his benefactor, to strew some flowers on his tomb, and to of reI' 
up bis prayers to the 1\lost High, on that hallowed spot. He went 
to Ilfakis'f5 tent with three emblematic flowers in his hand. His 
soul was dissolved in teuder melanchuly. Tears flowed silently 
down his cheeks. He stood still for a momcnt to indulge his grief, 
which was thus mingled with sweet affection, and then expre:s::,cù 
his feelings in these words: 
"I tread on the spot where DIY dear Ilfakis is laid. Angels of 
death, when you approached to receive his sonl, 'were 110t you!" 
hearts moved like mine? 0 great Prophet! thou hast received 
this virtuðus l\Iussulma
! Thou hast given him a crown of un- 
fading glory! 0 preserve these flower8 from withering, which I 
lay as crownS upon his dear remains. 
"The soul of my dear Ilfakis does not wander here, otherwise 
those parched plains would smile with verdant plants and bioom- 
ing flowers, just as his looks and words used to raise in my heart 
the shoots of wisdom and the charms of virtue. 
"Be happy, sleep, rest in peace, benevolent soul. De.gn to re- 
cehoe this testimony of my gratitude while I thus adorn thy cold 
remains! Thou hast cultivated my mind with reason and truth 
hast taught me to love my duty, and hast opened my heart to feel 
the-delights of virtuous friendship. Thus do I exprcss my friend- 
ship and gratitude to thee." 
Salamis was expecting hi8 son's return. "Habib," said lie, " after 
th';8 obeying the emotions of gratitude, you must now think of 
acquiring knowledge which may be more directly useful in your 
situation. Yon are, my 80n, destined by Heaven to succeed me in 
command of the valiaut tribes under my ùominion. Yon must 
march at their head in every military exrediti{,n. You must, 
tberf'for
, learn how you may conduct them upon such occasions, 
must harden yourself against fatigue, an(1 mUf;t aCfl'Iire tho
e 
military mots which may Lest enable yon to triumph (lycr evcry 
enemy that shall dare to resi
t you. By \.ll1iting address and 
dexterity to strPllgth, you may make yourself the most gallant Rnd 
int.repid soldier in your armies. You have already begun to fie- 
CUf:ìtom yourself to bear arms. Only indolence, or cowar lice, siuk 



3,i8 


A RAßIAN NIG ill'S' 


under their weight. The brave man makes him$clf fa
lliliar with 
it, and it soon becomes light to him. Ah! why cannot I find 
among my warriors one as well qualified to instruct you in the ex- 
ercise of arms, as Ilfh,kis was to initiate you in science 1 An 
accomplished soldier is a phænix, scarcely to be found. The great 
prophet performed a miracle in our fayor, 'by preserving Ilfakis ; 
would that his goodness would also send me the extraordinary 
character to whom I wish now to commit you." "Father," said 
Habib, "in my diversions I can attack your most vigorous horses; 
my strength and courage never forsake me. Change this robe of 
linen for a cuirass of iron. Give me a heavier buckler, and a 
stronger lance, and you shall then find me no unworthy companion 
to yourself. Ah! when shall I be permitted to lay aside these 
clothes, which render almost my very sex equivocal, and convey 
no favorable idea of the vigor which ntrture has giv
 me 1 It 
requires only to be tutored to ùisciplille. All my wish is, to learn 
how I best may employ it." " \\T orthy present from the hand of 
Heaven !" said the emir, embracing his son. " Happy child! hope 
of my tribes. He who inspires you with such noble disposition. 
will surely assist you in the cultivation of them." 
IIardly was this conversation ended, when a warrior' presented 
himself at the entrenchments around Salamis's camp, and begged 
to have the honor of being admitted into his presence. "Introduce 
him," said the emir. " l\Iy h
art, the first wish of which is to see 
peace and justice reign through the earth, desires to li
ong 
men w40 are their protectors." The stranger appeared. 

rhe noble steed on which he was borne, covered him with his 
flowing Inane, so that only the crest of his helmet, and the plume 
of feathers waying upon it, could be seen, lIe approached the 
tent, and alighted from his horse. Habib, who had gone before, 
seized the bridle, and delivered him to one of the emir's grooms. 
" Valiant knight," said the emir, "with what intentions came you 
hither 1" "I came," replied the unknown knight, " to do homage 
to the virtues, the courage, and the power of the great emir, Ben- 
lIilac Salami8, and to ask young llabib to admit me to share the 
fayors with which he is loaded by the lovely daughter of Hymen. 
The warrior who has her ill his arms, intoxicated with the enjoy- 
ment, will soon forget the dangers to which he has been ex- 
posed." 
The emir, not comprehending what was meant by this aðdress, 





TEHTA IN:\lE
 rs. 


349 


1\3ked his son to expla.in it. " Father," said Habib, ill a tone 01 
kind concern, "this noble knight asks leave to salute you, and to 

hare my coffee." 
Then, turning to the strange-I': "'V arrior," said he, lC to d 'bire 
the fa.vors of the daughter of IIymen is to show one's self wQ.I'thy 
of thÕSê which she delights to pour into the hearts of such as love 
g!QJ.Y. Nothing of what you desire shall be refused you here. 
The- hero whom you see is Emir Salamis, and I am hit:; son Ha- 
bib." 
The two heroes then saluted each other. Salamis had never 
Been a man of a finer figure, or one in whom majesty and grace were 
more happily united. His arms of polished steel reflected the 
Bun's rays with such lustre, that they seemed to rob him of that 
radiance which they borrowed. IIís helmet glittered like a meteor 
in the sky; the blade of his scimetar flamed afar. K 0 gold or 
diamonds decorated any part of his armor; its lustre was owing 
to its simplicit.r, and to the warrior's care. 
'Yhile this stranger knight was drinking his coffee, Salamis was 
curious to learn, from his own mouth, what were the motives which 
had brought him to his camp. 
" Illustrious and powerful emir," replied the knight, " I am of a 
Parthian family, and was born in a remote part of Iudia.. In my 
infancy I conceived a passion for glory, and betook myself to the 
profession of arms. The fame which you have acquired in Arabia. 
roused my emulation. I wished for a nearer knowledge of him 
whom I considered as a noble model for IllY imitation. On the 
confines of your territories I learned that you at this time wanted 
a governor to assist you in the military education of young Habib; 
and although he mi
ht learn all that can be necessary from his 
father, Salamis, yet I conceived that as it was requisite for him to Le 
constantly attended, in all his exercises, my services might be of 
use to him, and I am, therefore, come to offer them," 
" Sir," replied the cmir, " I feel myself much obliged to you, and 
the gencrosity of your sentiments determines me to accept your 
scrvices. nut since my son must onc day be alJlc to rule my do. 
minions, none shall be his instructor who cannot master me in 
fight. Let us try our strength agaiust ouc another, and without 
malice contend for victory. The man who conquers me shall ba 
tutor to my son. " I t is an honor," replied the stranger knight, 
· to which the greatest warriors might be proud to aspire, I n.c 



3;)0 


AHABIA N l\I<
HTS' 


cept the challenge of the great Salamis, nor shall I be ashamed to 
confess him my conqueror, whom none has ever conquered." 
Salamis's ministers, who witnessed this challenge, dissuaded him 
from it, and told him that he was wrong to enter into any.such con- 
test, with a man whose }Jirth and condition in life were unknown to 
him. '.1'Yhat signify rank and birth 1" replied the pmir. "It is 
a warrior I want, not a king. If this knight is blinded by pre- 
sumption, I can be in no danger in contending with him; but if 
bis courage is equal to his manly assurance, neither of us win be 
at any disadvantage, and I shall have entered the lists with my 
equaL" Thèn turning to the stranger. "Sir knight/' said he, 
"rest yourself, and let your steed l.ecover breath. I do not wish 
you to combi.1.t with me under any disadvantage. If I desire to 
measure my strength and courage against yours, it is not to avoid 
giying you IllY estecm, but to put it in your power to conquer it. 
On the day after to morrow we shall proceed to the camp." 
Habib conducted the stranger into a tent prepared for him. 
The knight, sensibly affected with tho kindness and attention thus 
"hOWll to him, looked upon the youth with a heart alreaùy iuter- 
ested by his character. "The young vine," saiù he, " loaded with 
fruits, engages the passing traveller to set a prop for its support. 
"\Vhen the grape ripens, it will offer itself to the passenger"s 
hand." 
They then saInted one anotner, and Habib retired to his father's 
tent. 'Yhen day returneti, he ran to tho tent of the knight, who 
had already began to fill that place in his heart which Ilfakis ha.d 
formerly held. He found him busy in scouring his arms, and ex- 
amining his horEe's harness. "'rhat! you yourself do this 1" 
l3aid t.he young sultan. " Yes, prince, he who iA jealous of his 
glory ought to neglect nothing that can contribute to it; his arms 
are the only mirror a true knight deigns to use." 
In the meantime the fielù was prrpal'ed in whieh Sal:\.llli
 and 
the stranger knight were to enter the lists. The trumpets sOUllded ; 
au immense crowd of spectator
 stood around the barriers. 'l'he 
warriors appeared; and on both sides tho advantages al)peared so 
equal, that it was illlp08
ible tu say to whom the victory might in.. 
eline. 
The lances they poised wcre of equal weight; their horses of 
the samc size and strength. 
rhey rushed toward om
 another with 
"he Ï1nrletuosit.y of lightning. FuriouB, however, as was the shock. 



ENT}
UT .AIl\MENTS. 


351 


they both remained immovable in their seats, and their lances 
were broken in pieces. Salamis, who had never before met with 
Buch opposition, was astonished to find so vigorous an assault inef- 
fectual; and his adversary, from other motives, which it is yet too 
soon to mention, was himself at the same time in the greatest sur- 
prise. The emir made a sign to hiB adversary that he wanted to 
speak with him. The stranger knight stopped, alighted from his 
hort:3e, and advallced up to him. ' 
"Brave knight," said the emir, "you have given me a high 
proof of your prowess, which makes me hOl1e that to-morrow, 
when we meet with our scimitars in our hands, I shall find an ad- 
versa.ry worthy of myself." "Great prince," replicd the stranger 
knight, " never mortal yet got the advantage m,-er me. It is to 
my great astonishment that I have found one aLle to resist me. I 
value t80 highly the honor you have done me, to refuse the chal- 
lenge you offer me for to-morrow." After this tho two warriors 
shook hands, parted, and laid aside their arms. IIahilJ went to his 
father's tel1t, to do what filial duty required, and then at the im- 
pulse of friendship, returned soon after to the stranger, wbile 
those who had been appointed to serve him were relieving him of 
llis arms. ,; You no longer refuse, then," said Habib, " to employ 
those who are appointed to obey your orders 1" "N 0, my amia- 
ble sultan. Let me tell you an apologue, the meaning of which I 
apply to my OWll profession, certainly the first in the world. 
"\,Yhen the sun rises; he employs no hand but his own to spread out 
the rays which surround him. "\,Yhen he goes to rest, he leaves 
it to the waves of the ocean, into which he sinks, to extinguish 
them." 
" I sh:
11 answer you with another apologue," said Habib," or 
rather with a truth with which you impress me. The hero w he 
has sustained unmoyed the enormous weight of my father's lance 
has dazzled my eyes with his lustre, and he whom I see still shine 
can ne,Ter be extingui
hed." 
"A young eaglet," replied the 
tranger, "who is yet 
carce 
fledged, opened his eyes to the light for the first time. He saw a 
glow-worm on the foliage of a neighboring tree, and was not daz 
ded with the sight. 'Ihe prince of birds, then, no longer doubted 
that he would one day gaze on the sun with a steady eye." 
,. Sure," said IIaùib, "the phænÌx which speaks to me is Con- 
tinually re'+:lJd from his ashes, and at each renovation of his cx.
 



3.52 


ARABIAN 
lGl1TS' 


istcnce, look sback with contempt on all the advantages he before en r 
joyed," ""\Vith you, charming Habib," said the warrior, embracin
 
him, " I have no advantages, unless, perhaps, in the affection with 
which you have i.nslJireù me." "Could I open my heart to you," 
said .Habib, "you would acknowledge yourself outdone; but my 
father must no longer be deprived of the pleasure of seeing you. 
He loves heroes, and you, although you Bay not so, are a hero," 
,: It lllay happen," replied the stringer," that oue of us two may ono 
day become a hero. At present I see no heroes here." As they 
13i)oke thus they walked hand in hand to the tent of Salamis. 
The emir was plea:sed to remark the rise of a mutual attachment, 
which he was ùetermined to strengthen. 
Salamis no BOoneI' saw the stranger kni
ht than he accosted him 
with expressions of the warmest esteem. "I know ," 
mid he., " that 
you can no longer find difficulty in any trial I can put you to. It 
is not to settle my own opinion w-ith respect to you, that I require 
it new display of your courage and vigor; but I command a war- 
like nation, jealous of their glory, and am desirous of leaving 
them no shadow of ùoubt concerning the superior merit of a man 
who is to be honored with a preference above them. I must 
carry my delicacy so far (and you will not disapprove of my doing 
80) as to open the lists to whosoever may think himl5elf able to 
dispute your triumph, when you shall have finished your trials 
against me. In the meantime, let as enjoy the present together. 
To-morrow we shall force envy to admire you." 
Next day displayed the most surprising combat that the 
Arabians ever beheld. The two heroes opposed buckler to buckler, 
and laid on the most terrible blows. The stroke was felt before 
the arm had been seen to be raised. 
rhey then laid aside the 
buckler and scimitar, and prepared to try their strength in wrest- 
ling. The winds, in all their fury, in vain assail the cedars of 
.uebanon. The earth trembles benea.th them, but they canllot be 
torn up by the roots. 
Emir Salamis did not choose to kepp up the astonishment of 
the spectators longer. He was bettter pleased to have met '''.lih 
an equal than he could ha\Te been with victory in the contest. 
" Let us stop for a moment," said he, "brave knight! my sur- 
prise i
 eyery moment heightened; I never before foÙnd any ono 
able to wi thstand me; I was, indeed, less elated with my victories 
than move I with pity for the weakne
s of our llature. "Ìlell] 



EN l'ER1'AIX 11 EX.f;5. 


353 


comparcd our resources with the natural advantages which cer- 
tain animals are possessed of, I confess I was wrong. I think less 
of the ,'igor of the lion, since I have proved yours. Let us cea
e 
from this fatiguing exercise, saddle our steeds, and attack each 
other with javelins." 
This new species of com bat afforded new matter of triumph to 
both the combatants. Every means that address, dexterity, and 
f!trength could furnish, were practiced upon this occasion. The emir, 
however, was beginning to lose his ad vantages. Youth gavc his 
adversary a superiority which his valor could not surmount. lIe 
was besides, convinced that the stran)!er posse
sed in a mo
t em- 
inent degree, all the qualities requisite for the employment for 
which he intended him. lIe stopped, therefore, and made a 8igll 
to the stranger to do the same, and they returned hand in hand 
to the carn p. 
"Knight," said Salamis, "my son will find in you a second father. 
You know how your own vigor has been improved by contillueJ 
exercise, by which means only you could add to it such amazing 
dexterity and address. You know also bow necessary it is that 
we be accustomed to dangers, in order that we may acquire due 
coolness of temper, and fil'llllleSS of mind. I give up to your care 
thc only object of my hopes. Teach him to know what true glory 
is, and how attainable by the warrior." 
Young Habib had, by his wishes and inclination, already an- 
ticipated his father's intentions. lIe therefore joyfulIy followed 
his new master. "I come," said he, "to profit by your lessons. I 
must imitate my father and you, and may I approch near to the 
perfection of the models I aspire to imitate." 
" 'Ve will portion out our time to our differf'nt tasks, my dear 
Habib," said Il Habonl, for this was the name of the Illdian 
knight. "The day we Sh.1U spend in such exerci
e
 as ma.y im- 
prove your vigor anù address to equal your courage. In tJlO 
evening we shall converse of those qualities, which will be neccs- 
(mry to fit you to rule over the most indcpendent people on earth. 
They have at all times preferreù liberty to luxury . Valor, joiued 
with prudence, are the qllaJities they aùore. These are the ti tIes 
by which the emir, your father, reigns oyer sixty-six tribes. You 
cannot inherit his power, unlcss you acquirc his virtue!::!." 
On this plan did II lIahoul direct IIahiVs education, and it SOOD 
produced the ha11picst fruits. Emir Salamis was soon after en 



354 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


gaged in a war, in which the young sultan distinguished himself 
by prodigies of valor. Being ordered upon a ùifficult service, he 
distinguished himself by his prudence and firmness ; and when 
called on to assist in his fa ther7s councils, he astonished the minis- 
ters by the wise advice he offered. 
II Haooul's ta8k was now finished, and, he was obliged to part 
from his pupil. It was proper to acquaint the young prince with 
the necessity which called him away. ":My son," said he," I 
Dlust leave you. I am called into another country by the ordere of 
my superiors.;' "1Yhat," said Habib, "and will you leave me 1" 
"I am no longer necessary to you here, and am besides obliged to 
yield to the commands of fate." . "How unfortunate am I!" re- 
plied the youth. "Death deprived me of my former master, 
Ilfakis, whom I still remember with regret, and a harsh command 
now forces you to part from me! But, do we part forever? )Iay 
,not I know why? Cannot my father prevail with you to alter 
your resolution 1" "N 0 human power can," replied Il Ilaboul : 
'" but I hope to see you again. However, my dear Habib, I call 
offer you at least a partial consolation. lIe whom you loved under 
the name of Ilfitkis is not dead, but still remains attached to you." 
"How 1" replied Habib, " I myself attended his funeral, and wept 
oyer his tomb." 
" l\Iy 13011," replied 11 Ha.boul, :, the story of the death you speak 
of, is connected with vë:trious others, in which you are cOllcerned, 
perhaps even with yours and mine Listen to wha.t [ shall relate. 
Rcmember your horos
Gpe, and be not surprised at the story you 
are about to hear. In the first place, know that he who loves and 
speaks to YOIl is not a human being, but a genie, amployed by des- 
tiny to couduct you to the high fate for which you were born." 


STOR Y OF ILLABOUSATROUS, OF KING SCHAL-GOASE, AND OF CAl\IAR- 
ILZA:\-IAN. 
It is well known to you, my dear prince, that some of the genii 
of the race of ELlis bowed the knee to the great Solo mOll. IlIa- 
bousatr()us was one of the first of thcse. I am of the same ra.ce, 
and took the same steps. Among my own people I am called a 
cadi, by the grace of God avd of Solomon. To escape the rescnt- 
ment and vengeance of the party whom he had forsakbll, and to 
indu(
e the Prophet, to whom we have submitted, to alleviate the 
yoke imposed upon us, we form alliances with the children of 



EnERT.AIN}IE
TS. 


õ55 


Adam, and through their means partake of th(i 1lcssings t f the 
earth. 
Illabousatrous bad by a woman a daughter of great beauty, 
whom he named Camarilzaman; to secure bel' peace and happiness, 
he wished to marry her to one of the greatest monarch8 of the 
earth. At that time there reigned over the isles in the middle of 
the seven seas, the most distant region of the ea..o.;t, a potent mOll- 
arch named Schal-goase. Illabousatrous appeared to this prince, 
in the furm of an old man, and proposed an allia.nce between them, 
of which tbe fair Camarilzaman was the pledge. The monarch 
saw the princess, fell in love with her, and married her. :\Iany of 
the genii who were subject to Illabousatrous, settled in the do- 
minions of Schal-goase. The circumjacent sea was peopled with. 
them, and in no place under Heaven did the gtmii and the children 
of men live in better amity. This happy correspondence promised 
to be further confirmed and improved, upon the Lirth of the charm- 
ing Dorathil-goase; the first iSt.iue of the marriage between Schal- 
goase and Camarilzaman. 
Were the gifts of Heaven aiways pledges of prosperity in this 
world, nobody, sure, could have been happier than this l<1vely 
princess. Her infant beauty seemed to irradiate the cradle in 
which she was laid; each day she diHplayed opening graces; but 
w hen bel' father and grandfather consulted the star::; l"Espect,illg 
her destiny, the same confusion which appeared to diöturb the 
planetary system at your birth, dibco\"ered itself upon the occasion 
of hers, aud that with such perfect similarity, as to prove that you 
were the Arabian prince, sprung from the prophet':::! favorite tribe, to 
whom fate had destined the possession of the princess, to be ob- 
tained through a series of dangers equally alarming to both, and 
this union alone could insure her peace and happineðs, her fortune 
aHd yours. 
From this time Illabousatrous entrusted me with the care of 
your education; but Solomon's orders did not permit me to ap- 
proach you. I could ohtain no commission favoraLle to our pur- 
pose, till such time as your father became desirous of finding you 
a pleceptor. Ilfakis, whom the emir, your father, had in view, 
was dyiug. I C<1me to the tent where he laiù, and at the very in- 
stant when the angel of death was parting his soul from his lJOdy, 
I substituted my own spirit in the room of his. By means of a 
potent elixir I reanimated his body, and to thip miracle you owed 
Y0111." governor. 



3- 1 

, 
" 
er' . , I 
dr th 


&. R '" RT .1 
 nr- 
 . 


I S3 th i 
 for you to apply to the Iy 
carried tho;:; body of lIt. 
 w lib ten &Dd -t- 
-u c by which Ï1 been withh "d rom - lu- 
tion. 

Iy D_xt -e ... to find you a valiant kniolt.. In 
... rch I 

 n found on ex irin::: on the fi. ld of tde after he h.Ml covered 
it with th 0 hk. fall n i -. I .... body,:: op 
Y blood flow -::: m -.. woun ..., healed them w ilb baL - Ll mut. h 
wo re '" erfnl in i - 0 eratia ... than that )1"C"'d, re.. red all h -... 
:: rm r v - =or, arm I hÏ!!t with a lance Yì I:.i
h had been wi: 1 ,tLe 
d 
 10 on, aud YOU re yon . hL In thi:t 
.. rm I p - n mv
lf to Emir 
.ù
 and deDI eJ to 
h r 
t faYc
 of th chter of Hymen; 
.L on which you h tune m 
pu il. 

Iy d r II :b, you haT"e f nned a ten er frien .hip for me 
un
r both form'-- lour heart ne'T"er deceived you_ 
 ever 
dId 'hem _ any nature conceiv-e = t nd r an - cüon for one 
of the children of ..!.d:m1 8ð ilia which I feel fur yuu.. 100 hay 

tr 0 me R oIl 't th 1 

 1:= 'T"e you in th 
c\. er of Ilf .. -
. " hen I ÏL.:t -u -ted yon in th know led i: 0 
t......5 .., I xplain d their ; bn I t he 
 ÜU1e pu, you 
yo 
 ard :::). 51 (- 
 iri to whièh Ù1 Y nL:::ht -'oll)ject you. 
..Id... ra...e of Eblb are! in nE
al, x:reL- _Iy con up and wi -ed. 
H ppy h 
 us who h - u led with t c:. e t al 
:'" I 
 Th r.. are cOnlinu.ally bué .i t our d . u
ñ :1 
yours.. 
T òI d e pe:r:secnr Ù1 .
 D)r&thil.-_ -
 who m"_ 
rd: u from the :: - of th curse pronoun\. à:
- 
.. 
 
 Ïo rt... dolo hter : a by a 
e ::_nie. 11 ce 
è: y a1re Y 

..1.::! C1() of v n as -.....:<-..:.! )IUz
 
c.....1 
!:._ 
_r d..
 ed to aye = h wr n
 : Dor-.uhil- o 
'f: th ir Ire "_ ro mp 
 
 r. 
Thi3 p
 
 b... . n t thron in cons uence of - 
 
rOo de th.. III - r u,,_ h r 
 dfath r, hã.:, iwen h r 
me or hb a 1 _ -= nii,: r vw Th: bn th k e in whi h t 
'- pita! 
an i... is th only on . rem '-a pre n
 in h
 f 
. ran uility. Th 0 h r :ñx, with the _ \'" 
 ", rum = th r..( 
of h r d I!liwñ '. are eit _r p ,in 
 at of r i"O t, or W 
 
1J E inf _ Ly h -tile ir u.rQo "'. 0 Iy on r 
 .::'l. re- 
r:...
-"':::.... ...._ 
 vel. bv :l.
 ::...,- '- 
 1.. , 
 


ye 


" 



 _-.6 



.ENTEI{TAINnE
ì'S. 


35i 



estined that she shall be saved. Young Habib, on whom she has 
bestowed her heart, shall soon come to deliver her from her 
enemies. 
During this recital by II Hal)oul, the young sultan, led altern- 
ately from bope to fear, from surprise to surprise, and from wonder 
to wonder, stood with his eyes fixed, and luu'dly breathing. 'His 
w hole soul was agitated with emotions to which he bad hitherto 
been a stranger. Called by destiny to the throne of the seven 
seas, and to receive the hand of a prillce8s, whose felicity depended 
upon him alone, he felt an involuntary emotion, and burnt already 
- with ardor to expose himself to the dangers which threatened him 
The feelings of love and the desire of glory, alike encouraged 
him to an enterprise in which success was to be douLly crowned. 
, " Dear and powerful genie," said he to his protector, "what road 
am I to take 1 Deign; before you lea,ye me, to acquaint me by 
what means I may soonest baste to tbe as::;istance of her wbo ex- 
pects all my valor. Tbe sacrifice of my life and quiet, if! but a small 
matter to justify the partiality by which she is determined in my 
favor, and the decrees of destiny by which our union is appointed." 
" By these noble sentiments," replied II Haboul; "I know my 
pupil, the son of Emir Salamis; but remember, my dear Habib, 
that the genii, your rivals for the hand of Dorathil-goase, and, Ìn- 
jecd, your avowed enemies, will act keenly and vigorously against 
you. They will combine in the execution of their enterprises 
wicked men, who will obey them without knowing what they do; 
the brute animals, the elements
 and in short, all nature, will be 
united to accomplish their odious machinations." "God nnd my 
courage will not forsake me," said Habib, '
and you yourself will 
contriþute to my success.'; " Ah! to be sure," replied the genie, 
-, I might be of great service to you were I not ohliged to return 
the body of the Indian warrior to the dust; but I am constrained 
by a rigid law which I canllot elude. Persevere courageously in 
your noble intentions. Expect not that I should now poiut out the 
road you are now to take. You are divided from your mistress 
by the whole length of tbe earth, and only the orders of de
tiny 
can open to you her dominions, which are at present shut up on 
all sides by the malice of her enemies." 
r " You once told me, my dea.r 11 Uaboul, that the braye man \ 
\night bend de
tiny to his wishes." " You may, indeed, take such J 
violent measures when no choi
e remains. But have patience till 



358 


ARABIAN :KIGHT:::' 


some event slmll direct you bow to act; I fear. th:tt whatevcr Jot! 
might undertake at present, would turn out against you. G0 1 at- 
tack lions, one of which you have already destroyed, without 
nther weapons tban y
r poinard. l\Iake yourself l)cforehalld 
familiar with dangers, tbat you may be I,repal'ed for those whieh 
await you. Farewell, my dear Habib; I return no more to the 
camp of Salamis; I must avoid coming to any explana.tion with 
him; and if you let him know who I am, and who I ha,ye been, H,t 
least let everyone else remain ignorant of these circumstances. 
Depend upon retaining the friendship of him who has not always 
heen a friend to mankind, but whom you have fully reconciled to 
them. Embrace me!" 11 lIaboul now mounted his steed and 
rode away. 
As Boon as he was out of the young fìultan's sight, be struck in- 
to the desert, and baIted at the foot of a hill. There be left the 
horse on which he rode, and having dug a grave, deposited in it 
bis mortal body, and availing myself of the two last days which 
the orders of Solomon yet left him, proceeded without delay to 
the frontiers of the dominions of Dorathil-goase. 
A black hattalion withstood his approach; hut be lcarned from 
a spirit which had deserted, that the ,\Yhite Isle, the YeHow Isle, 
the Green, the Red, and the Blue Islcs, had been subdued by the 
genie ALarikaff, who, although at first master only of the Black 
Isle, bad now obtained posses;:;ion of all the others, and of the 
Bcas by which they are divided. 
The princess, shut up in her capital of l\ledillaz-Ilballor,* 'Tas 
no longer mistress of any part of her dominionR, but the territory 
in which the city stood. This was all that the protection of her 
grandf.\.ther, Illabousa.trous, and the exertions; of the genie whom 
he placed as her viziers, could sa.ve from the rebel, who had col- 
le-cted a legion of revolted spirits from the depth of the sea. The 
six isles, thus reduced under the power of the evil genii, were 
governed by rulers still more mischievous and tyrannical. The 
people were the victims of their vices, and the continual sport of 
their diabolical encllantments. Dorathil-goase called in vain on 
the deliverer promised her by fate. All the passes were guarded, 
and the place of her residence wa.s inaccessible to men. All U:1,. 
ture seemed subject to those malignant genii. 


I< The city of crystal. 



JI:NTE HT,\ IK;\lE
'1'S. 


35!J 


II lIaboul was inwardly tli:stressed to see so many oLstacIea op 
posed to hi
 pupil's valor; but he himself was now reduced tc 
silence and inactivity, and could only wait with impatience for the 
time when his protection should become necessary. lIe returned, 
therefore, to the duties of his former post, and waited for the issue 
of events. 
Habib, upon the departure of his mas/'e'r, had returned, hastily, 
to Salamis and Amirala, and acquainted them with the wondrous 
things of which he had just Leon informed. The sparkling of his 
eyes, the elevation Qf his voice, and tho confusion of his discourse, 
well ex
ressed how much he was affected by the dangers and tho 
charms of Dorathil-goase, the perplexity which he felt, and the 
hopes he had conceived. " On DIe only is she to rely," said he, 
with a nohle assurance. "I can know no rest, till I Ilave de- 
livered her. 'fhe moments are precious. No pel'son can point 
out or open the road by which I am to proceed to her assistance! 
In this state of uncer tainty, what can I do 1" 
His parents saw that this uncommon passion was produced, not 
so much by sympathy, as by the influence of the stars, which they 
could not 
ounteract. Instead of combating his resolutions, 
therefore, they only htid his duties anew before him, and remind- 
ed him of the sage advice he httd received from his governor. 
1'he young man to avoid hauits of sloths and inactivity, and to 
accustom himself still more and more to hardship, retired from 
the tents of the tribe to a solitary recess, which he and Ii Raboul 
had formerly prepared together in a sequestered vale, surrounded 
by the hills adjoining the camp of Salami
, 
Here, they had amused themselves amidst their martial exer- 
cises, with furming a dyke to dam up the course of a small rivu. 
_et, by which its waters were collected into a na.tural basin. The 
surrounding trees afforded de'lightful shade, amI diffused their 
branches 80 thick, tha.t the rmrrounding hills could scarcely be 
seen through the fuliage. The grea.test variety of flowers, the 
rarest plautI"', the most precious aromatic herh
, grew in abund- 
ance on the banks of the rivulet, and the grüunJ being preseryed 
by the coolne
s of the water, Ly which it wa
 so liberally rf'fresh- 
ed, from suffering 'hy the heat of the sun, displa.yed in profu
ion 
all the riches of nature. At a small distance stood a hut or ra.. 
ther a palace, formed of the bra.nches of trees covered with rw.;hcR, 
and srread with mats. The skim! of wild animt.1lt which thp;y 



360 


ARABIAN NIG I1TS' 


had slain, formed their sofas. An outer fence of stakes secure<t 
this little dwelling against any hostile assault. 
II Haboul, when he persuaded Habib to form this :rustic abo'1.e, 
taught him how he might one day supply all his own wants. Sit- 
ting down by the door, he invited his pupÜ to contemplate 
the noble amphitheatre before him. "Have you not a plea 
sure," continued he," in thinking that for the enjoyment which 
1 these affm'd, you are indebted to. yourself alone? Thus we never 
can be perfectly bappy, but through ourselves." - 
This retirement, of which IIabib was very fond, was well cal- 
culated to feed hiR growing passion. He had retired to think of 
the Bole object of bis wishes, and of tbe means by 'wbich they, 
migh t be uni ted. 
One day, as he was musing, witb his eJes fixed on the Almas 
yet without reading, and his imagination absorbed in the id('as of 
love and war, he heard a sudden noise in the air. He kneeleù 
down, upon this, and moving the branches aside with his hand, 
perceived a large shade descending over the pond. After continu- 
ing its progress for a small space, the object which produced this 
shade halted upon the brink of the water. It was a bird. of a dark 
grey color, and bore upon its back a pavilion, the sides of which 
seemed to be gauze, and the doors and windows were decorated, 
all about, with flowers. 
The bird alighted, and the pavilion opened. A golden stair- 
case was let down from it. On the top of this appeared a figure, 
supported by others no less remarkable for beauty. On bel' head 
she wore a tiara, formed of the tresses of her own hair, inter- 
woven with strings of pearls. The lily and the rose vied in bel' 
cheek; the lust1'e of her eyes, her vermillion lips, and the lovely 
dimples around them, bore at once an expression of smiling sweet- 
ness and keen sensiLility. 
She raiEed her eyes to heaven, and the SUll was eclipsed; she 
turned them upon the ground, and it was bespread with flowers. 
She smiled and allllature seemed to smile around her. Rut how 
was Habib affe<;t.('d, when he saw her move aud walk váth gl.ace 
and majesty! She leaned on the arm of one of the Leautif'
 who 
attended her, and thus proceeded to the sultan's recess, and there 
sat down upon thc p;rass, within two paccs of him, y,)t without 
perceiving him. 
She looked just to one 
ide, then to the other; then, sighing, said, 



E
TEKI'.\I
)IE
TS. 


3GI 


" 1 kwe been decei,'cd. lIe is not herc, t11i8 i::; not the pbce of 
hi::; ret-rCì.lt. But these smiling arlJOr
, the s wect murmur of 
the::;e waters, these flowers which art awl nature con
pire to rea.r, 
all here, in short, are his work. But he is not hcre. Oh, thou 
flowery turf; ye blossoming bowers, cheri:shed by the care of illY 
dear IIal)ib, lend an ear to my words, borrow a vuicc to tell my 
tale, and inform my lover when he shall come lJÌther, th
tt the ten- 
der Dorathil-goa..se caUle to the mid:st of Arabia. in search of her 
hero, to oft'er him her throne and her heart, anù to accompli::;h his 
destiny. l\Iust she then leave these regions, without seeiug the 
idol of her soul?" Thus spoke the princess sorrowfully, amI held 
her hands to her eyes to stop her tea,rs, which were ready to flow. 
Habib at this moment cast himself at her feet, which he bedewed 
with his tears, before she could perceÍ\-e or prevent him. 
" Is it you; then, I see 1" cried she, looking at once upon the 
young hero at her feet, and at his picture, vd1Ïch she wore con- 
stantly in her boso111. ,; Is not this an illusion, my dear lIuLib 1" 
"It is your lover, your deliverer; 0 queen of my soul!" replied 
he passionately, kissing her hand. After which, silence was for a 
while the only exprest:iion of lllutuallove and admirat.ion. 
But this pure and exquisite enjoyment was only of a moment's 
duration. A sudden noise was heard, a bird appeared in the air, 
approached, and by an instantaneous transformation became a 
genie in the human form, who presented himself to Dorathil-goase. 
" ""That," said the queen," is it you, Ilbaccarm; 1 "
.hat urgent 
I'eason brings you from 1\Iedinaz-ilballor, to find me here 1" 
"Queen," replied the genie, " by your absence you expose your- 
self to lose all your dominions. The reùe1, Abarikaff, has t
ken 
ad\Tantage of"this circulllstance to. attack the only isle which re- 
mains to you. Your grand vizier in vain opposes so numerous a 
host of enemips as infest your shores. All the rehel genii have 
ranged themselves uIHler the hanner of your adver8ary; they 
darken the sea, and ovcrRprearl all the co
u:;ts. YonI' Ru11jects arc 
terrified with the roa.ring of lion
, 8ea-1JulIs and hippopotami, 
'" hich arc re-echoe-d t.hrough the air and make Y(Jur <<:apital trellt- 
ble. Come and oppose this rage, with the magië of your talis- - 
mall; seize the only pass whi<:h remains open, and hold your way 
throu
h the middle region of thf" air," 
At hearing this relation. Hahih felt his hloorl boil within biB 
rdll
, His eyes were fired; his stature seemed to rise to a new 



362 


AI:ABIAN NIG 11"1'8' 


cleya,tioll j his voiec sounded terrihly. "Let us mareh a
ailiFt 
these lllUlltiters , " cricd he ; " I will clear the earth and Re:tH of thCl11 ; 
I will avenge hea.ven and the f],ueen." "Prince," replied IllJa.ccara
, 
in astolli
ll1nent, if you were properly armed, you might be equal 
to this enterprise; but the enemies of the great Solomon can ouly 
1Je \'anqui
hed with the arms of Solomon. These you must seek on 
t.he heights of ,Mount Caucasus, and a thousand dangers block up 
the way." Then speaking to the queen, " Let us be gone, madam," 
said he, "the moments are precious; if we lose but one, the 
wicked Almrika.fl' may triumph P' 
ffhe two loyers tenderly cl11ln'aced each other, and parted with 
a degrce of fortitude becoming their 10\"e. Dorathil-goase seated 
11ersclf in her payillion; the roc arose into the air and disap- 
peared. IIa1Jib followed the flight with his eyes, and now gave 
himself up with greater ardor than cyer to the tenderness of lure 
and amhition for glory. 
" Adicu! gentle rivulet!" I'aid he, "whose waters have so 
quenched my thirst, and hatlJed my limbs; thou canst be of no 
farther sP1'\-ice to me; my }wart" my hlood, my vit.als 1H11'11 with a 
flame which thou canst not quench. 
"Adieu! thou flowery plain, on which my love has deigned to 
tread. Preserve, if you ca n; the print of her footsteps, that my 
eyes may trace them, if I RhaH ever return hither. 
"Adieu, ye tender shrubs, which lent her your shade; well 
may ye boast of having served as a canopy to such charms! 
"Adieu! thou land which hast witn
ssed my felicity j neyer 
shall HalJilJ forget thee! The palaces of thp kings of the world shall 
be worthless in my cyes, in e(.mpari
on with thee. Hero my soul 
expanded it
('lf for the first time to 3appiness; herc I first felt all 
the ardor uf lo\"e! hut here, too, ha.ve I felt the most crnel'lo
s 
I could suffer; for hence was Dorathil-goa:;;e r:n'i
hed from nH'! 
Yes; I will not fear to hrave the .lemons of òarlm('sR, who diHpnto 
with me the p()

eR:-;ion of. my lovcly l11iHtI'(,!'5H! Gre:'tt prophet! 
011! do tllClU open to me the path which i:-\ to "(lnduct me to glory 
Rnd happinCÌ'lS! I will pi(']"cc the heart of the traitor ..Ahal'ik<tff; 
and thou, great Solomou! if I am Hot unworthy of w('ariug thine 
armor gi ,'e me Will
R 011 whil'h I may fly t\.) 3Ionnt Caucasus! 
COT'ered with tÌlY 1111eklcr, may I o\.prthrow the elH'lIlies 'Jf t.l1O 
qUN\pn of my heart." 
HaJJih, }rayillp; after t1li
 perf(n'l11('J II is I1fayers alld ahll1tioJl

 1'0- 
turtlcll to his fa.thcr's tent; determinod to takû the road to l'aucasHs 



E
TE HTAIN:\lE.
TS. 


3G3 


ßS soon as he should have obtained permission. It may be easily 
imagined bow forcibly he would describe to Salamis and Amirala 
the circumstances of his last advellture ,; his wordfl a1Jsolutely 
painted. But great was the surprise of his pm'en ts when he ut- 
tered à solemn vuw before them not to rest his head in allY tent, 
till he should first stand on the summit of 1\Iount Caucasus. 
H \Vhat a desperate enterpri::5e, my son," said tho emir; "know 
you not that ,Mount Caucasus is situate at the utmost limits of 
t.he earth; that you must tra,yerse drcadful desert::; Lcfore you 
can reach it? 1\Ien you may vanqui::;h; but how will you Lear 
the severity úf climates to which you are a stranger 1 How can 
you provide against the famine which desolates the immem;e 1'0 
gi.ons through which )'OU will have to travel? These are enemie IJ 
which you cannot overcome." ".Ah! father," replied IIaláb, " ca 1 
1ftty fear hold me back, when I go under the impulse of glory and 
fa.te 1 And even though I were a stranger to the powerful influ- 
ence of these, my heart uaturally glO\\'s with a detestation of ty- 
rants; I could descend into the bowels of the earth to tear out 
and punish the base Abarikaff.i' 
Sahl.mis was obliged to yield to sentiments which he had him 
self instilled into his son's heart; he conld not reply without con- 
tradicting his own principles. lIe chose twenty men of tried 
prudence and courage to attend hi::; son, and g;tvC them commo 
dious and suitable equipage, with two camels to beal" the telltR 
and the baggage. 
They day for their dep..tl"ture came, and the emir was forced to 
tear himself from the arms of his affectionate nnd beloved SOIl. 
Their parting scene was sorrowful; the tenùcr Amirala wept, and 
cried : 
"My cedar, fastened hy strong root
, surpassing in beauty the 
cedars of Lebanon. The birù::; of the air 1Jl1Ïlt their nests upon its 
branches; our flock pastured unùer the s11:\,(le; but lo! it is sud- 
denly borne away through the lml'cheù ana sandy deserts. 
"Ye furious winds, strive not to fJhake it. It was made to brays 
your fury! 
" Ye gloomy clouds, yo lightning, ye tempests, which precede 
tho burbting of the thunder, respect a stem impressed with the 
Beal of the great prephet !" 
"Enough, my dear Amirala," said Salamis, "our son's inten- 
tion is noble; he is bound by his'vow to prosecute this enterprise 
the lionesss nurses not her whelps for herself alone; when 



3G4 


A HABIAN NIGHTS' 


age and enemies call, she sends them to faeb the ferocil1us 
tigers." 
1'he company at length departed. IIa.1ib wore a massy cuirass 
of lIaoudi. Ilis buckler 8('cmcd to him li
ht, but would haye 
wearied the strongest arm. A tree of the thickness of his lance 
would afi'orù a eousiderable sImde; the weight of his scimetar 
would have crushed. any body which might not have been pierced 
by its blade. 
'The fatigues of the journey were nothing to him who marched 
on to glory aud to DoratliÍl Jo 6 0ase; the way seemed to be strewed 
with flowers; yet now was Ha.bih in the midst of deserts, destitute 
of an the comforts of social life, and exposed to all the pains of 
thirst and hunger; from time to time, chance offered some wild 
fruits, and the scanty trickling of some di
Ütllt springs; these lit- 
tle supp1ies were sufficient to make him forget all the wants and 
inconveniences be suffered. But the soldiers who accompanied 
the young sultan were neither lovers nor heroes; two months of 
toilsome tra.\-els hegan to tire them; but their first complaints were 
moderate. By a lucky accident they found on thei
 way a place 
inhabited by shepherds, which afforded them enough of milk to 
fill their skins. II a}Jib expected that this unhoped- for retreshmellt 
would renew their courage, and dispel their ill-humor; but his at- 
tendants, thinking it il1lpossiLle to climb the summit of l\follnt 
Caucasus, without being exposed to the greatest danger of perish- 
ing l)y hunger and fatiguc, communicated their thoughts to the 
young sultan. 
"I imagined," saiù he, "that my father had given me men to 
accompany me; but you are only women in the armor of men; I 
will not abuse the weakness of your sex. However, I must oh- 
serve that you have. already come too far to turn hack without 
exposing yourselves to gr-eat dangcr; but, 8ince you think the 
dangcrs Leforc u:::; still more formidable, gÌ\"e me my part of tho 
treabure which my father put into your hanùs. Take with you your 
baggage and camels. I can lie in the open air. It was not to 
receive your assistance that I accepted you for my cOIll}.>anions. I 
supposed you men fond of glory, and destined to attain it. I was 
willing to share my own glory with my bra.ve Arabian })rethl'en. 
This is a titlc which can no longer suit you; let us part. Go, re- 
turn to Salamis, and tell him that you have left his son followin
 
out the paths to glo:ry, armed with vigor and courage, under the 



E...
TERTAIX:\[ENTS. 


36.) 


protcction of the great prophet, and animated with the 
trongest 
hopes of success." 
The firmness of this language astonished the young sultan's C0111- 
paniom
, but did not 1110ve them from their purpose. They rc- 
garded him as a mad and obstinate youth, disposed to sacrifice all 
that wa
 valuable to vain chimeras. "\Ve are accountable for our 
lives, said they among themselves, to our wiyes and children; and 
should be mad were we to yield to the caprice of a foolish youth 
who runs headlong upon death, while he is seekiug this ,Mount 
Caucasus, which seemfJ to fly before us; our harness is worn out; 
our horses are dying; we shall soon be left without resource amid8t 
the deserts. However, ad.ded they, if we return without him to 
Arabia, Salamis will look upon us as cowardly deserters from his 
son, and we shall not escape his vengeance. If this IlalJib should 
die here, there is no lack of plants to embalm him; we could put 
his body on one of our camels, aud carry it quietly back to l-..jij 
father. 
Cowardice leads to ingratitude; and ungrateful sentiments to 
wicked actions. Those perfidioul3 friends S0011 concurred in the 
- 
base dCBign of murdering their young master. But how should 
they surpri
e his vigilauce? lIe was nlways in arms, and always 
ready to sell his life at a dear rate, if:l 
;,y should attempt to ravish 
it from him. By night he rested on his buckler, and the least 
noise would awake him; his valor lLr:d actÏ\-ity never sunk into 
deep slee? 
Among the conspirators was one who viewed the criminal en- 
terprise with abhorrew.ce, but dm'bt. not speak his sentiments. He 
feared the resentment of the rest so luuell the more, because he 
had murmured as well as they. By reyealing their designs to 
Habib again, he wou
ù expose the whole troop to his "engeance, 
and Ulip:ht find the i!'sue fatal to himself. If the hero were vic- 
torious, he alone would remain to attC'nd him. 
In this ullcertainty, he spoke thus to his companions: c, Why," 
B.'tid he, Ct would yon expose 'your
eh'es to the danger of a contest? 
Habib had his poniard always in hi
 hanù. Before you could de. 
prive llim of motioll eycn. although coycrt>d "ith your cuir tsses, 
his !'worù 'would fillÙ its \\ay to your Jleart
. nut there is a 6urer 
and 1(,
8 
allguillary nH';,LSurC' which you may a(lopt. I know an 
herh which grows in tllC'Rr> pla('e
: itf:t lpa,YC::5 are coyered with 8 
"hit0 pÜ\vùer, which operate:s with greater encrgy than ('pium J 



866 


ARABIAN KIUUTS' 


will gather some plauts of it; and as I have the c:J.re of tbe eycning 
provisions, I can find a time to administer to him this specific; and 
then you may execute Jour purpose ""ithout dallger. If we call 
fulfil our intention by laying him aslcep, why should we Btain our 
hands with his blood 1 lIe never offended any of us. If he re- 
quires us to hazard our lives in pursllit of a chimerical olJject., Le 
exposes his own with sufficicnt gallantry at the same time. His 
reason is disordered, and he hurries forwnrd to his destruction; 
but cannot we proyide for our own safety, without attempting his 
life? lIe is son to the brave Salamis, in wbose dominions om 
wives and children sleep in peace; under tbe shadow of whose 
buckler, our flocks pasture in security. To us he was always a 
kind father. Is there one among us with whom he has not shared 
his provisiolls to the last morsel? Let us 1)eware then of sheddillg 
innocent blood! The great prophet will one day demand him at 
our hands. Let us leave Hahib in these dcserts; after we have 
. deprived him of hig arms, and of all means of help and surport., 
we need not fcar that he shall ever come to tax us with ingratitude." 
The conspirator
 h('arkened to Rabir's advice, and he w::u; em- 
ployed to put their project in execution. lIe culled some stalks of 
a plant which he knew to be a mortal poison; he was careful to 
p:.-epare it in such a manner that death would not be the illulle- 
diate result of swallowing it; and on that very evening an oppor- 
tunity offered for administering it. 
The company arrived in a pla.in where the cool water of a small 
rill nourished on its sides a quantity of fresh and luxuriant herb- 
age. Habib, at their earnest entreaty, laid down to rest, yielding 
to their advice rather out 
f prudence than lJccause he had any 
need of repose. lIe retired in unsuspecting. security to his tent, 
took some food, and with it bwallowed a part of the poison, which 
had been infnsed into a cnp of milk. The conspirators took ad- 
vanta.ge of the deep sleep which soon seized upon their chief, re- 
moved from him everything they could, and departed in all haste, 
leaving young Habib nothing but his buckler under his head, his 
cloak upon which he slept, and his poniaTd which he had stuck in 
his girdle. Thus did these twenty knights, chosen by Salamis to 
attend his son, abandon the young hero; they returned toward 
Arabia., and after undergoing many fatigues j arrived within sight 
of the flags which waved from the emir
s tents. 
Th.at moment which might have been expected to be to them aD 



E
TERT AlN
IEl\TS. 


867 


occasion of exulting joy, overwhelmed them with anxiety, per- 
plexity, a.nd remorse, ,: How," said they, " shall we appear bcf0re 
Salamis 1 Or how tell him of the loss of his son 1 Rabir, YOll 
who contrived, and have hitherto so wellmauaged the scheme by 
which we rid our
el\'es of the youth, help us to bring it to a happy 
issue." " You are miötaken in respect to my purpose," replied 
he; I' when I saw you resolved to shed the blood of young Habib, 
I sought to divert you from the crime, by pretending to assist you 
in accomplishing it. "\Vith this view only did I become your ac- 
cumplice. I am now, however, tortured with remorse. I canllot 
invent a lie to conceal my treachery. J\Iy looks, my silence, my 
confusion, win all tend to betray us. Let the boldest among you 
tell the fabricated tale; I cannot. It is impossible for me to help 
you." " "\Vell," re plied one among the number, "I undertake the 
task." 
The caravan arrived in the camp of Salamis. The emir and 
Amirala came eagerly to meet the company, in hopes of again 
seeing their SOn. But gr
at was their surprise, when they saw 
tears flow from every eye. He who had undertaken to speak, ad- 
vanced before the rest, and thus addres
ed Salamis: 
" Powerful emir, we return in sorrow for the mournful news we 
must tell. But why should we seek to hide what. you cannot but 
discover 1 You seek your son; but Heaven has ravished him from 
your bopes. The deserts which we have traversed :tre full of 
venomous serpents, which lie concealed among the sands. The 
young sultan kneeling down one evening to pray, spread hi.3 man- 
tle before him on the grounq, but just as he kneeled upon it, a 
serpent sprung up and stung him in the f:1.ce. The most alarming 
illness instantly followed, and death shortly after terminate(l 
his sufferings. We would have embalmed tbe body, and brought 
it back with us, but it was so infected by the poison that we were 
obliged to COYer it up hastily in the sand. in order to avoid the 
pestilential contagion with which it threatened us." 
At this news, the emir rent his robe, tore his be3.rd, and threw 
dust upon bis body. The camp resoullded with the cries of the 
inconsulable Amirala, and Salamis's si.x:tJ-six tribes put on the 
gart of moul'lling. 
In the meantime what did young Habib 1 Had he a,gain opened 
his eyes to the light? or had the force of the puison deprived the 
Queen of the Seven Seas of her sweetest hope? 



368 


ARABIAN NIGHTS 7 


The sun appeared in all his glory in. the east, through a hOl'Îzon 
ontirely cleared from vapors, and darted his ra.ys on Habib's eye- 
lids. The Lirds, already awake, thrilled their notes upon the tops 

f the trees which sba.ded the meadow; the Imlmy fragrance of 
the flowers entered the nostrils of the hero; a gentle breeze waved 
hi
 hair, and sùftly fanned hi
 cheek; all nature awakening from 
the stillness and repose of night concurred to rouse him, and the 
}wwer of the liquid which had been administered, being now gone, 
could no longer chain down his senses. lIe opened his eyes, and 
being charmed with the ravishing /:light before him, imagined him- 
self to be enjoying the illusions of some enchanting dream. . 
But this errOr did not long last. He arOI::)8, and recovered the 
use of his senses and his memory. He sought to discover where he 
was, but aU around remained silent. He lifted up his eyes, and 
t;aw only deserts extending in tbe distant prospect before him. 
lIe called for his companions, his arms, and his steed; but all 
were gone. " Oh! treason/' cried he, "thy knights are base anù 
faithless; they dread toil and death; to excape from danger they 
have not feared to exp08e themselves to infamy; lllou..rn, haple:;s 
Arabia ! 
" Hapless Arabia! thy glory is no more! 1
ear"thy hairs; ca:;t 
dust upon thine head; bathe thy face with tears; cry, groan, howl, 
lament: let the tigers and panthers hear with terror! thou hast 
given birth to base and disloyal men! Ah! who on earth can be 
loyal, since an Arabian knight ceases to be so? :l\1en! you shall be 
forever abhorred; the great prophet has despi:5ed his own nation. 
Ye fertile lands of our country, the seed shall wither or change 
its nature in your bosom; henceforth shall ye bear only wild 
fruits. Ye l1appy flocks in our vales, your udders shall become 
dry! 
c. Active and. industrious people! who bear rich ahundance, even 
through the parcheù plains of IIesehon and Philal'ioth; who sßid 
to the desert, thou 
halt be desert no more; see the flu.gs of your 
tents stream thro
1gh the air; enjoy your success! And you, who 
\yere once a. happy people, descend fr('lll those strol1g places, 
w here are all your posse
sioll
, (li:-;arm yourscl n's of those LuckIe.rs 
anù lances, which y:Üllly load your flrlllb: prepare for fi
ht or 
slaYljry; the darts you throw, the arrows I-hot from your lJOWS arc 
1,('come u::s('le"
 reeds, now
 since the hOllor of AralJÌa i:-; no more' 
Hold out your hands to recei, e the couqnerol"s fettel'E; 
\"hel'o 
virtue resiùes not, liberty can no longer ')uLsi;:,t. 



Ii:N L'EHTAIX;UE
TS. 


86
 


" Insult no more the effeminate son of Egypt, or the Syrian, who, 
III pursuit of riches, commits himself to the inconstancy of the 
billows. Remember you have none now to defeud you. 
" 0, Salamis! 0, my fa.ther ! when you shall demand back from 
those base cowards the treasure with whith JOu entrusted them; 
when your awful voice shall say, where is my son? ah! how will 
their souls be filled with terror! The bowels of the earth shall 
yawn when it is too la.te, and swallow them up. Ye coward souls, 
return not to Arabia. Afflict not by your hateful presence, those 
whom you have dÏsh-Jnored. You feared toil, famine: and death, 
if you should follow me; but may toils and famine pursue you 
from desert to desert! 
"Thou star which didst preside over the birth of lIabib, and 
hast called him to a high destiny through thickest dangers, cast 
a.n eye now upon him. lIe despises the present danger, and 
marches on to encounter others. j)lay thine illfluence thus enable 
him to brave all dangers, and sustain him in his career. 
"Strength of the 
Iussulma.ns! fall at his feet!" "\Vith these 
words, Habib fell on his knees beside the spring, performed his 
ablution, and prayed to God and the great prophet, with more 
fervor, no doubt, but with equal calmneEs as if he had been in his 
father's tent. 
lIe looked toward the polar star, which was henceforward his 
guide, and perceived a steep and lofty mountain, which he de- 
termined to ascend. He saw beside him his mantle and buckler. 
" Dear gifts of Heaven!" cried he, "you have been torn out of the 
hands of treachery, you shall be my defence!" he next found his 
poniard in his girdle: "Fear not, Dorathil-goase," said he, " your 
knight is not disarmed; enough is left him wherewith to avenge 
you on your enemies." 
Before setting out, he provided himself with some wild plants, 
of which 11 Haboul had taught him the use, and of which the 
roots were to serv
 him fer food. lIe then proceeded on his journey 
with lp-ss anxiety than when he had twenty men accompanying him 
with reluctance. Ilis bare head bore without inconvenience, all 
the torrid heat of the sun. Being no les8 agile than vigorous, he 
procee<.led with great 8peed ; he stopped only to pray occasionally; 
aud from time to time refreshed himself by chewing the roots 
which he had gathered. 
Defore night he )'p3ched the mountain which he had seeu bef)l"c 



870 


AHABIAN NIGUrs' 


him in the morning. lIe there saw a deep gully full ()f water 
Lut so deep that it could not be reached without great trouLle. 
A tree hung over this C
1Yern, which had Leen hollowed out by the 
force of torrents from the mountains. lIe cut the roots of a.nother 
tree with his poniard, joined this to the former, and by means of 
the two, glided softly down to the bottom of the gully, and there 
quenchcd his burning thirst. Yet, so much was he affected by this 
unlooked-for ia,yor f1'0111 Heaven, that he would not satisfy his 
neces
ity till he had fir
t performeù his ablution, and thanked the 
Author of nature, and l\Iohanuued his prophet. After this, he 
drauk aud came up out of the ca,..ity. 
He was oLliged to pass the night here, and to keep on his 
guard against wild animals. At the distance of a few paces, he 
J)erceived a rock hollowed out Ly the waters. lIe soon gathered 
a numher of large stones, and formed a sort of cavern, ill which 
he could sleep safely. He then spread his mantle, laid his buckler 
under his head, and fell asleep, yet not without first reflecting on 
his situation. 
" The brave man," faid he to himself, " finds everywhere a tent; 
'v hercas the coward knows not w here to lay his he ad . - 
" Happy he who learns in cnmps to sleep while the trumpet 
Bounds! even thunder will not disturb his rest. 
"II lIaboul and my father taught me to become a Ulan; and here 
I am, the Dlan formed by my father and II Haboul. 
" Salamis! II Haboul! Dorathil-goase! behold your Bon, your 
pupil, your lover. lIe rests in peace upon a rock, confident tha.t 
ho shall awake to glory. 
" Ye stars, inimica.l to our happiness! you oppose the decree:J 
of HmtYen, and shfLll one day Le driven from it; I lJrave you uuder 
the vast mass which shelters me; a pavilion framed by the hanùs 
of men, would leave me exposed to yonI' malignity.'] 
Habib having uttered these sentiment
, fell asleep 'fhe SflYage 
inhabitants of the forest discovering the tracks of the traveller's 
footsteps, came to prowl around the cavern. They uttered dreadful 
yens, and contended fl)r their prey, before they reached him. 
Love might haye held the lover of Dorathi1-goase awake, but fear 
could not disturh him. He was in need of repose; aud Fìleep, 
notwithstanding the frightful noise of lions and tigers, kindly 
strewed her poppies over him. 
At length the sun arose, and hh; raJs penetrated through the 



ENTERTAIN:\IE;\i;T5. 


371 


cllillks of the cavern in which young lIalJib lay. lIe awoke, came 
out, went down again to the water, washed him\;clf, prayed, and 
then refreshing himself with the few roots he had in resorve, re- 
sumed his mantle and. buckler, and went on his way. 
Hardly had he reached the I:mmmit of one mountain, when an- 
other still more inaccessible, rose hefore him. No roaù nor pa.th 
by \\.hich it was possible to climb up, appeared. lIe might, in- 
deed, ascend, by leaping and scrambling; from rock to rock. In the 
plain he had to travel over a. heavy and scorchjng sand; not a tuft 
of grass was to be seen even ou those spots which were het:ìt 
sheltered from the sun; not a drop of waLor; nature had dried all 
up, and seemed to be leading the traveller on the way to the wo:,'ld 
below. 
Habih, worn out with fatigue, with thirst, and hunger, now found 
fill his provision of roots exhaw
ted. He quickened his pace, that 
he might reach the mountain before him ere it were night. He at 
length ga.ined it, but found no spring; nor gully. lIe hastily reartd 
a hut of loose stones, within which he shut himself up, ove1'- 
})owero<1 hy fatigue, and tortured with hunger. However, he tried 
the only means which remained hy which he Illight cool his tongue 
and palate. Having observed the dC\\'s fall in great abull(lance in 
the countries through which he was travelling, he spread his hand- 
kerchief on a rock without the cavern, intending to squeeze the 
dew from it, when it should have imbibed enough. 
After taking this pre-caution, which saved him from a greater 
evil, he performed the duties of a pious 
Iussulman, and lay down 
to rest. But he could not fall asleep without communing with 
himself. 
" Speak':' said he; ,: Habib, answer! "'\Vhen thou wast destined 
to pursue glory through the midst of dangers, did fate at the same 
time (lccree that thou shouldst find means of support hy the way? 
., Thou art in a desert. Ask :\loh:unmed why he has not ordered 
::\lose8 to rain honey anfl manna upon thee, as they were rained 
upon the children of Abraham? . 
- - 
" TIm.n to fi;!;ht, thou dost fight! l
l' firm, Ha1Jih. Ileayen is for 
th('e j hut t11Ou-;1
al
 fl:;-t1IYRelt
 
" The applause of Salamis, of II I1ahoul, of Amirala, of I1eaYOll 
itself, the heart and hand of Dorathil-goase, the throne of the seven 
Beas-these are the prizes reserved for thy valor. Pass firmly 
through the fire; 
hou marchest on to glory." 



372 


AI:.ABIAN XIGIlT;S' 


lIahiL thus recovering l)atience antl courage, slcpt in peace. lIe 
awaked with the ùawn vf morn and went out to take up his hand- 
kerchief. 0 Providence! 0 goodne
s! The linen which he 
wrung into the hollow of a stolle furnished him with a cup of 
l)lessillg, a most delicious beverage, since it was seasoned by want. 
His heart overflowed with gratitude, and, as he pursued his 
journey, he 83.id, "He who gave me the dew, taught me how to 
avail myself of it. Blessed be the author of the universe! Y e 
pointed rocks, calcined by the sun at your Creator's word, you 
onee poured forth gushing springs! Thirst and h.unger flee beforú 
the Lord of Nature. The stores of abundance are opened at hi!:! 
pleasure." 
1'ho traveller, proceeding on his way, found beh\,'eell t\vo rockM, 
-a tiger
s den. 1'he female was there with her young. At the sight 
of the hero, her eyes glared with keener firts; her hair stood on 
end; she lashed the air with her tail, and the rocks re-echoed her 
roar. She sprang upon our hero; he opposed her with his buckler, 
and drawing bis poniard, plunged it with a firm and vigorous hand 
into the animal's heart. The tigress fell; and the hero, to avail him- 
solf of the adventure to the best advantage, made a mantle of her 
skin, cut away such parts of her body 
!; he could use for food, and 
thanked Ileaven and l\Iohammed for his victory. 
I t was late, and he, therefore, needed to think of a retreat for the 
night; the tiger's den afforded him oue ready prepared. He killed 
the young tigers, arranged things ill the most commodious manner 
within, and shut up the mouth with a large stone, upon which he 
laid out his handkerchief to receive the dew. He then lay down 
upon the skin of the tigress. 
After the dew of the evening was fallen, he took in his handker 
chief and squeezed its contents into the skull of the tigress. Some. 
bits of her flesh dried in the sun afforded him a few delicious mor- 
Eels. Having thus satisfied his wants, he lay down to rest from 
his fatigue, and having elevated his Boul with the most sublimo 
ideas, fell asleep. 
:, The blessings of the Al
ighty," said he, " are diffused through 
all nature. 'Vhen she holds them back, the industrious man call 
force thel 1 from her. 
"Thanks to thee, 0 
Iohammed! thou hast looked with favor 
ou young Habib, deserted by his friends and countrymen! Thou 
La
t gi\yeu him for a companion one of thy subject spirits. 



E
TEI{TAIN
IE
T3. 


373 


" Everything it) easy to me. 'The enemy which rose up before 
me, fell by a single blow; her skin serves me for a garment; her 
flesh feeds me, and I drink out of her skull. 
"Tremble: ye audacious enpmies of Dorathil-goase; tl1e kuight 
has been victoriouR j even unarmed. lie marches on under the pro. 
tection of the prophet to win the arms of Solomon." 
Habib, invigorated with new strength and courage, anticipated 
the dawn of day, and proceeded on hiB journey with greater activ- 
ity than ever. But he saw not yet the term of his toils; newob- 
stacles and dangers seemed still to rise before him. Precipitous hills 
appeared in endless succession; and from their summits naught was 
to be seen but wide-spread deserts. In those pathlet;s ways which 
man had never trod, where no living creature was to be scen hut 
wild beasts which fled before him, or met his poniard; and mon- 
strous serpents, which he was obliged to crush with hroken rocks, 
courage was uuuerved by uncertainty, and the natural vigor of the 
hero began to diminish. 
U pOll the declivity of one of the highest hills he had yet crossed, 
when he had no food remaining lJut a few roots, he looked before 
him, and saw a sandy plain terminated by the horizon. He could 
hope for no relief or refreshment, till he should have crossed that 
wide d
sert. '1'0 an ordinary man this would have heen matter f01" 
despair; but Habib thought only how he might best overcome the 
new difficulties to which he here saw himself exposed. 
He could not travel over this plain by day without being scorch. 
ed by the reflection of the sun's rays, and losing the use of his feet 
among the burning sands; nor could he find a drop of water to 
quench his thirst. By night, how should he form a place of re- 
treat amidst burning sands? The tigers aud panthers which prowl 
in the hours of darkness lllight seize him unawares, and make him 
their prey. IIalJiL rc
oh-ed to rc-st by day. and by night to pro- 
ceed on his jOUl'llPY, ulldcr the guidance of t.he bright northern 
star. 
At the sight of the ocean of sand which opened before him 
while the sun ,,-as yet iu his meridian, he 8tupped
 and l)y means 
of his poniard, djf:i}Josed his lJuekler so as to t;hclter his head 
from the Bun's rays, and then lay duwu upon his tiger'!:; skiu, a'id 
fell Hsleep. 
The night no sooner sprpad her curtain, than he arose and went 
on. The halldkerchicf for receiving the dew was IJOlllld ahout his 



37,J 


AHAIUAN KIGIlTS' 


neck, m:d floated o,er his shoulders, thus he co
lld quench his 
thirst; but how should he satisfy his hunger 1 Only two of the 
roots were left, and he knew .not when ProvidencE> would afford 
him another supply. However, he went cheerfully on; and he 
In'oceeded with wonùer at the Fpectacle which the heavens dis- 
played to his eyes. 
"The splendid ntult of heaven," said he, " surrounds all nature, 
and covers even the naked de
ert. Is there a single spot on 
th 
w here man will not find Limself forced to ftllmire the wOl1 d
f 
hit.-; Creator's power 1 Should I go down into the bowels of the 
earth, there would I find gold and rubies, and ri,-ers still more 
precious. The moon rises in the horizon, to supply tIle place of 
the absent SUD. The stars, dispensers of the dew, In-we already aù. 
yanced before her. You shall be refreshed, ye barren 
and
. IJut 
t he sun, when he darts his rays on you, canDot moye you. N oth- 
ing can oyer fertilize your l
arren nature. The ungrateful heart 
it; like the sand of the desert. The favors of Heaven are showered 
upon it without making allY impression which may show them to 
IIH,ye been there. 
,. Courage, Habib! tbou shalt never despi:-;e what has oeen Jone 
for thee. TIëhold that emotion in the sky. There, at this very 
. 
illst.lllt, is thy destiny ,veiglied. Away then with fear! put a. 
steady and vigorous foot on the balance; thou shalt thus weigh it 
down to thy side. See how calm the upper region! There are 
thy judges: Mohammed and his se,-en prophets are soliciting for 
thee ! 
., Great Prophet, friend of God! a ,Mussulman cries to thee in 
the desert; hear, hear his yoice! 
"The object he pursues is worthy of a. hlJl'o. Thou wast on 
earth a model for heroes. Glory anù love iuflame his heart! 
Tholl diðdaine
t none 'who bear the stamp of virhH'." 
Thus II :tbih, as he tra.yclled, forgot hi
 wants aud filtignes. ...\8 
he looked towarù the dpscrt he thought he dit.-;cerneù a 
lllall hlack 
spot. "....\t last," said he, " this plai:l has limits; what I sce is 110 
ùonlJt a mountain, or a collection of YilV,ïS oyer 
Oll1e tract of iuhaL- 
itahlc country. Thou shalt Rce mell, il,t,1Ji ì _). The paRRiolls, indeed, 
ann us agaim;t one another; lmt Ulall always rejoices at the siglJt 
of his fellow. These ha,e, perhaps; nC'H'l' seen the child of Proi- 
idcnce; I !:)hall show him to them, and force them to helie\'e in 
J>rovidence. I will not say I Blust h
l\"c gold, silrpl", Hocks, tell
 



ENTERTAIN
lENT8. 


ð7!J 


or slaves: I will only ask a pitcher of water, a handful of rice, 
aud the road to Caucmms!" 
Habib in vain made prodigious efforts to reach the black 
pot. 
It still aplìeared at the same di
 tance. He was tortured to agony 
by hunger anù thirst, and sc'Ûrched by the lmrning heat. II e stop- 
ped at length, and lay down. Ilis imagination, filled with ideal 
hopes, soon soothed hinl into sleep. 
'he coolness of the evening 
awaked him. lIe had been tossed and agitated with painful dreams. 
A rivulet seemed to run backward to its source, to refuse him 
drink; abundance of sumptuous meats were set before him, lJut 
before he could taste them they were removed by invil:5iLle hands. 
lIe arose, greatly fatigued, and hoped thai, after continuing his 
journey through the night, by morning to have reached the object 
toward which his eyes were constantly directed. He exerted all 
his strength, and used every means to withstand the fatigue which 
exhausted him. Strong in his m,'n courage solely, he yet triumph- 
ed, and rose superior to himself. 
Day at length returned; but still the black spot appeared at 
the same distance as before. Habib's feet were uncovered, and 
the torrid sand scorched them; one cloud of dust was still blown 
upon him after anQther, aud his strength was entirely exhausted; 
everything seemed to fail him, find he became almost hopeless. 
IIe spread the tiger'/::! skin upon the sand, fell down with his knees 
upon it, and rai
ing hit:) bands, thus addressed his ardent prayer to 
Heaven, calling out in a voice of grief mixed with cOllfidClJce: 
"I mn lost ill an ocean of sand, the limits of which I cannot 
perceive. The earth flees beforp me like a cloud. I have called 
on the lJUrning sand to afford me water for alJlution; it obeyed 
and I am purified. The Creator will bring the earth to meet me 
and supply my wants. 
Co See, my feet refuse to bear me, my legs stagger, my knees 
bend; yet I will crawl, even on my belly, to the place whither 1 
am called by the decrees of fate. But. what wilt thvll bay, 0 great 
Prophet, to see a child of thy tribe crawl like a worm 1" 
,rhile he thus spoke, and his eyes were still fixed on the object 
toward whieh he seemed to be vainly tra\'elling, he observed a 
point parting from it, and moving toward him through the air; it 
sailed for some time through the firmament; after which it came 
down. I t proved to be a bird of monstrous size. It \\ as a ro
, 
It alighted within fifty paces of him, and there rested for some 
time, motionless. 



37G 


ARAßIAX NIG IlTS' 


IIaLib arose and advancea toward the bird. As soon lS he was 
near enough to Le heard: "Bird," said he, "thou art a creature 
of the Lord; and I I'espect thee as a production of his power. It 
thou art sent to the assi
tance of an unfortunate but faithful 
Ius- 
sulman, abandoned by his brethren, I command thoe, in the name 
of God and his pl'olJhct, to giye BODle sign Ly which I may kno"" 
that thou art sent Ly them." 
The roc immediately extended its wings, clapped them three 
times, and bowed its head to Habib. The young sultan went close 
up to. it, and perceived a damask cushion suspended between its 
feet by silken cords; he caught hold of the cords, alid seated him- 
self upon the cushion. .K 0 sooner was he thus placed, than the 
Lird arose and flew aloft into the air. 
c. The earth which seemed to Hee before me, now recedes under 
my feet," said HaLib, as he wa
 carried upward among the clouds. 
Co Ye frightfullJiles of sand, Je are no more than a grain of dust 
to my eyes! Present famine and death to the monsters and veno- 
mous reptiles w bich illhalJit JOu; J'ou can do nothing ngair..st the 
slave of God, the 8er'"ant of the great prophet; a path is opened 
to him through the air. 'Thou bird, who art the messenger of tbe 
1\lost High, obey the orders of a faithful l\Iussulman. Bear him 
to 
Mount Caucmms, where the arms of the sage and powerfuJ 
Solomon are deposited. 
The obedient roc bore young Habib to the mountain which "n
 
the destined term of his journey. Ilis senECS were confounded hy 
the rapidity of its flight, which increased his weakne8s. II IIn- 
boul received him, and bore him to a place where an agreeable 
warmth soon revived him. 
"
hen with the return of his strenf,:!:th he l'ecovered sensf" his 
lips opened with expreslSions of gratitude. ""\Vhat! is it you, my 
dear II Ilaboul ; JOu ha,'e not forsaken me, then!" 
"The orders of my superiors, 0 yaliallt sultan, have brought 
you hither':' replied the genie. " A bird of the great Solomon's 
has borne JOu from the desert; I am appointed to receive you; 
yuu will easily judge how pleasant I finù the task. I am not un- 
acqu::ï,iuteù with the treachery to which you have been exposed, 
or the di
tress which you have suffered in the desert, or the af- 
flictious of Sa1n.mi
, Jour fatbf'l'. I am the kee})er of the treas- 
ures of Solomon which arc derO!sited in the bo'\\ cIs of the earth, 
and withuut his orders dare not remoye; otherwi
e, I would 11:\...(' 



ENTEUTAIX11ENTS. 


377 


come to your a8sistance. It is the will of Heaven that virtue be 
prùved by trials; and you have undergone a very severe trial. 
The sufferings of Emir Salamis and Amirala are n
t le8s thall 
yours. Q.:.owns of 
ry awai t you; but they must be taken by 
violence. Such is the lot of all who are highly favored. umollj!; the 
sonSõr mëñ." - 
-'Yhilo he spoke thus, a collation was set upon "the table consist- 
ing of such meats as were not too heavy or cloying to a stomach 
of which the powers were worn out by long abstinence. 
Habib proceeded to refresh himself; but was surprised at the 
sa:ne time to find such ple
ty, even of delicacies, amidst the most 
dreary de
ert in nature. 
"This is the abode of enchantment," said II Ilaboul. "N 0 re- 
150urce can be wanting to the great Solomon. To his wisdom all 
nature is subject. Before he went to take his place beòide our 
great prophet, he buried his treasures here, to hide them from the 
daring avarice of men, who seldom find enjoyment expect in the 
abU!se of what Providcnce be
tows. 11 ere are the arms deposited 
with which he combated rebellious men and spirits. lllauousa- 
trous, grandfather to Dorathil-gmuse, I, and the gcn ii of the race 
of Eblis, felt our inferiority ere it was too late, alid submitted 
without re
istance. Others were less wise than we, and are shut 
up in dungeons not far distant. The formidable Abarikafi; 
with whom you are to contend, with a number of others, have 
made their esca!Je by flight, by fraud, and even by force. 
" Hitherto, my dear Habib, you have sho\\Tn unshrinking firm- 
ness, and displayed your strength and courage in combating wild 
beasts. Want and difficulties have not slakened your valor. The 
eye that watches over you has assisted you when you could do 
nothing for yourself. 'Vhen the roc alighted before you, you had 
yet five icy mountains to pass, before you could have reached the 
summit of Caucasus, which you had seen at two hundred leagues 
distance. nut the dangers which now await you, are of a differ- 
ent sort. It is not by the exertion of strength they are to be op- 
posed; but by calm fortitude; by courage, which no terrors call 
move. Thus shall you penetrate into the trLasury of the great 
Solomon, and bring out the arms which no power can rcsist. A
 
SOon as your body 8ha11 be reinyigorated Ly rcst, I will Bpeak to 
you concerning the tasks you have to fulfil, and the meallr; to 1e 
employed." 



878 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


After this, II Haboul made his pupil enter his cavern, ani 
hcn 
furnishcd him with conveniences for rest after his fatigucs. Ex- 
hausted as Habib was, more than one day \Va8 necessar'y to restore 
his health, and fit him for the enterprise in which he was about to 
engage. Had it not been for the authority which the genie had 
assumed ovcr him, from Ilis infancy, it might have been difficult 
to restrain so passionate a lover. TIut the sage II Haboul could 
avail himself of a power which long }Jabit had confirmed; and he 
accordingly prevailed with his pupil to expose himself to no new 
trials, till he should have fully recovered his strength. In the 
meantime, he informed him what was to be done in order that he 
might accomplish the purpose of his journey to l\Ioullt Caucasus. 
" 1\ly dear Habib," said he, "you are called by destiny to be the 
avenger of Dorathil-goase, and to punish the rebellion of the 
ar- 
barous Almrikaff. The dominions of that princess lie at a yast 
distance. Deserts as immense as those you have traversed} divide 
you from the seas which surround the seven islands; and if yûu 
should think of going 1y sea, the road to the shore is neither short 
DOl' open. The only way is through the centre of the earth. But 
what care and prudence are requisite, that you may travel succelSs- 
fully by this line! "\Vhat energy of mind must you possess, my 
dear sultan, if you can undertake so dangerous a journey! If 
forty brazcn gates, guarded by malcvolent genii endowed with ex- 
traordinary strength and courage, shall stop YOI1; if confusion and 
forgetfulness surprise you but for a moment, you will be exposed 
to the greatest of all nâ:;fortunes ! 
" You must pass through all the rooms in which Solomon's t1'ea8- 
ures are deposited. The first of these contaius the most precious 
of all, those very arms with which he attaiued that high degree of 
power which astonished the world. This part is the least strictly 
guarded, and the most open to the researches of men. Happy 
would they be if they could content themselves with penetrating 
thus far, and aClj,uiring those arms, without desiring to advance 
fa.rther. 
" Solomon surpassed all the men on the earth in knowledge. lIe 
fb,ed its principles and illustrations by three hundred and sixty-six 
hieroglyphics, each of which required a d:ty's application from even 
the ablest understanding, before its mysterious sense could be un- 
derstood. \V ould you take time to penetrate into these mysteries 1" 
" I love Dorathil-goase," said Habib; "she is in danger; I must 



ENTEUT AI]\
lENTS. 


379 


June the arms to fight with Abarikaff; I 8hall endeavor to acquire 
this knowledge after I have conquered him." "It is possible to 
be less inexcusable for such a fhilure in you; but since Solomon 
left the earth, five hundred knights have penetrated into these 
deserts; all have neglected the studies which I propose to you, 
and gone in search of the treasures deposited in the cavities of 
this immense subterraneous recess. They would, first of all, 
gratify their passions, and not one of them has returned; they have 
all failed through ignorance. Let us, however, strive to save you 
from the same disgrace. 
" I will conduct you to the first gate; at your feet you will see 
a golden key; pick it up, and open the gate; the bolt of the lock- 
you may move by the slightest effort. Be careful to shut the g:Üe 
behind you, so gently that it may not make the least noise. 
" In the first hall you will find a black slave of a gigantic size. 
Fort
y keys of the other apartments through which you are to pa
s, 
are suspended by a chain of diamonds, which hangs from his left 
hand. A t sight of you he will utter a tremendous yell, which 
will shake the vaults of the subterranean rooms, and will at the 
same time raise over your head an enormous scimetar. Preserve 
your soul unmoved with fear j look upon his sabre; you know I 
baye taught you to read the talismanic characters. Pronounce 
aloud the words written upon the blade; commit them to memory, 
80 that whatever trials and dangers you may be exposed to, they 
may never be eff.-tCed. Your safoty depends up(\n them. 
"The slave will then become subject. to you. You must disarm 
lJÎm, and take from him the keys, and the f5cimetar of the great 
Solomon; but you will look in vain for the talisman; it will dis- 
appear at the moment you pronounce the words of which it con- 
sists. You will then open the first of the forty doors, and shut it 
behind you, with the same precautions as before. There you will 
Bee the arms of Solomon; but touch not his casque, his cuirass, 
nor his buckler. You have hiB scimetar, and it is not with steel 
you are to arm yourself. Solomon was victorious through courage, 
vigor, patience, and prudence. Fòur 
ta.tues, engraved with hier- 
oglyphics, will exhibit before you representations of these fonr 
virtues. Reflect long upon those emblems, and learn to decipher 
their meaning. These are arms which can nover be taken from 
you. Examine carefully the arms of the prophet, as well aR the 
&..illletar of the Blave. The knowledge you. may acquire frore th
w 



380 


A.RABIAN NIGHTS' 


iI" 
will enable you to vanquish all enemies that may rise up í\g
1:.n...t 
you; but without this, and without retaining in your memory the 
characters engraven on the sabre, remember that you have in your 
hands nothing but a piece of steel, which rust and the teeth ot 
time will consume away. 
"'Vhen you have stayed in the first apartment as long as you 
think proper, you may then with a bouud advance over the space 
which leads to the second hall. Open and shut this door with the 
same care as before. The sabre which you wear, and the words 
which you pronounce, will make you master of the slave
 wbich 
guard the door, whoever they are. I shall not enter into a par- 
ticular detail of the immense riches which you will find here. In 
the eyes of Solomoll, gold and jewels were things of small price, 
although he employeù them in constructing works, the mcmory of 
which shall last forever; yet he restored them with lJleasnre to 
thc bowels of the earth, from which bis knovdedge bad ül1aLled 
him to extract them. lIe thought them not nece
sary to the hap- 
piness of men. 
"If, in passing through these forty halls, you meet with anyone 
object whoRe nature you cannot comprehenù, rub the blade of your 
scimetar: repeat the words
 which you must have taken care to re- 
member, and who will thus discover tbe sense of the enigmas pre- 
sented to you. 
"I have no need, 0 virtuous sultan, to warn you against avarice, 
or indiscretion, the first causes of the 10s8 of those knights who 
tried this periJous adventure before you. You bave learned in the 
tûnts of Emir Salamis, in what true riches and real power consist. 
Gold gave no lustre to his pavilions, nor was he forced first to 
gather and then to scatter it. A formidable army marched when 
he gave the signal. A wise choice of things useful, and contempt 
of superfluities, constituted his abundance. 
"Curiosity is also a fault against which you must be on your 
guard. Remember that, whatever can move curiosity, in the path 
01. '\Y
lich you are entøring
 must be extremely dangerous to the 
man who is unacquainted witli the three hundred and !Sixty-six 
truthH, the only principlps of the wisdom of Solomon. 
" Above all, wlH'n you have opened the fortieth door, within 
whieh your su hterraneous journey terminates, beware of looking 
curiously at what you shall see. A veil of silk, and golden char- 
ac..ters in relief, shall meet your eyes. Turn from them. If you 



ENTERTAIN
IENTS. 


881 


read, it is your death-warrant, and will be in8tantly executed; but 
lift up the curtain, and you will be etruck with the most beautiful 
Bight that can be beheld, if you have wisely observed all the ruleij 
of prudence which I have taught you., You will see the first of 
the seyen seas, which you ID1.lSt pass before you can join Dorath1.1- 
goase, and you will find everything ready to conduct you thither. 
But if you fail in a siugle point of the instructions wh ch I have 
given you, you will be exposed to the most dreadful dangers." 
"It is, perhaps, unfortunate for me," replied Habib, " that I am a 
stranger to fear, and if it be so, I lllay blm:ae you, and Salamis, and 
Amirala. You taught me to ar111 my brea-st again8t every sen ti- 
rucnt of terror, and, perhaps, to depend with too much confidence 
on my own strength. But I shall strive to practise the lessons 
which you taught me." 
"
larch on, then, valiant hero, under the eyes of the great 
Solomon. 
lay his spirit accompany you. I form the warmest 
wishes for your success, ånd in it shall I find the recompense for 
the pains which I took in your education." 
II Haboul deposited in his cavern the skin of the tigress, the 
buckler, and the poniard, which the sultan bore. lIe dressed him 
in a light and simple garb, the most suitable for the enterprise in 
which he was engaging. The genie then took him by the hand, 
and led him through a winding alley of the cavern to the first 
brazen door of which they perceived the key. 
"Take this key," said his governor. "Forget not when you shall 
see the sabre of the first slave raised over your head, to pronounce 
aloud the talismanic characters inscribed npon its blade. Read 
them with such care that you may never forget them. Repeat 
them upon every appearance of danger, as well within as with- 
out the immense ca.vern you are going to traverse. Open and shut 
the doors with the greatest caution; remember that in this recess 
all is symbolical, and that your actions must correspond. You 
will not forget my other advices; but I have insisted more par- 
ticularly upon the most important. Emhrace me, my dear 1-1a- 
bIb! I return whither duty calls me." Il Haboul then retired. 
Habib opened and shut the first door softly. lIe percei\-ed a 
gigantic black, who, when he saw him, uttered a cry which re- 
sounded through the vaults of the first grotto. The monster raised 
his dreadful scimetar. Habib, watchful, cast his eyes upon the 
blade. and pronounced alone the word, power, which he saw written 



382 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


upon it in letters of gold. The slave was instantly disarmed. Tln 
BciL."1etm" alid keys fell together from his hand, and he bOWC'-l down 
ùcforc his conqueror. 
The yuung sultan seized the reduubtaùle weapon, adVHnced to 
the second door, alid it opened to him. Scven diHcrellt rü<tùs al'- 
reared, but all were dark. Uncertain which to choo
e, he pro. 
!luunced in a loud voicc, the enchanted word. A pale and glim- 
lllerillg light then beca.me visible at the entrance, upon the fourth 
road. He pursued a light down a flight of fourteen hundred anù 
ninety steps. 
He came then to the third door, still continuing to conduct him- 
t;clf with the same prudence. Hc was receivcd by two monster
, 
who were half-women, who brandished two enormous grappling 
hooks of iron, to seize him. He pronounced the word power; 
the iron became soft, and the monst
rs fled. 
Habib was 
truck with a ravishing sIght. A lustre of carbun- 
cles illuminated a round hall, the roof of which was supported by 
colullllls of jasper. The arn10r of the great Solomon appeared as 
tt trophy in the centre; the phoonix cxpanding all her feathers, 
crowned the casque. The glance of the cuirass and the buckler 
was brighter than the eyes of man coul,d bear; the steel-pointed 
lance sparkled like fire. rrhere was no scimetar; Lut Habib with 
pleasure obscl"ved that the scimetar he held in his hand corre- 
sponded to the other pieces of the armor. :Mysterious characters 
were engraven upon all those weapons; of these he tried to dis- 
cover the sense, and read on the cuirass: "Firmness of soul is the 
best cuirass man can put on." 
He proceeded, and found on the other parts of the armor, ,. Pa- 
tience is his buckler. Ilis tongue is his strongest lance. vVisdom 
must be his casque. Prudence his vizor. \Vithout valor his arms 
are defenceless. \Vithout constancy his lcgs are infirm." 
" 0 great Solomon!" cried the hero, "the phænix still proudly 
expands its feathers on the crest of your helmet. 
"Cover yourselves with coats-of-mail, ye' feeble warriors of the 
earth! The prophet of the Almighty marched on to victory 
through the aid of virtue." 
IIabib next contemplatcd the three hundred and sixty-six 
hieroglyphics which ornamented the walls of the saloon. One of 
these was singularly simple in its nature, yet he could not com- 
prehend its meaning. Another more complicated immediately diR. 



E
TEH.T A I 
2\IENTS. 


383 


covered its mysteriou
 import. The three hundred anù sixty-six 
hieroglyphics explained thelIlselyes, yet can only be eXplained one 
by one. 
" Science," said he, " thou wast made for my heart; I feel it ; but 
my under
tanding is far from thee. 'Vho. shall give me the eyes 
of the lynx to penetrate thy mysteries,? The lustre with 'which 
thou shin est in my eyes forces mc to turn them downward. 
"Habih! march on to thy destiny; a crown of glory is promised 
thee. 'Visdom descends from the Heaven of Heavens; desire it 
still more and more, and proceed on thy career under the propi- 
tious influcnce of thy star P' 
As he 8poke thm-:;, he advanced toward the door by which he was 
to be admitted into the apartments where Solomon's riches were 
d('posited. Descentling by neW flights of steps, anù by winding 
paths, he came to the different doors; which he successively opened 
and shut without noise. 'Vherever be advanced he met with mOll- 
sters that strove to terrify him, by displaying their deformity, and 
by their cries and Illenace
. Of one the head rel'emhled a hUlllan 
skull, armed with horns, and terminating before in an eagle's hill. 
In another the three forms of a lion, a tiger, and an elephant, wpre 
monstrously blended together. A hydra having three women's 
heads, with twisted serpents for hair, presented itself among the 
rest, to terrify our hero. 
But Habib, armed with undaunted courage, and faithful to-\he 
counsels of the genie, awed with a word these threatening phan- 
toms, and looked with indifference upon the heaps of gold and. 
diamonds, and the broken id(J.Is which lay before him. He passed 
rapidly from one door to another, where the ohjects 'which he saw 
exhibited no sign symbolical of the prophet's victories. He stopped, 
however, at one place. 
It was an immense ha]1, around which an infinite number of 
beings in the human forIll were seated. They appeared to be 
1istening to the most, euera,1)le person in the comp
UlY, who was 
seated upon an elevated 
eat, before a reading-desk, and read aloud. 
"
hen Hahib cntereù, the wholc RssemlJly arose, and b(Jweù to the 
hero. The reader pau
ed out of respect to him, and the sultan, 
addressing himself to that venerable person, spoke as follo\ys : 
"If you are at liherty to inform me,.tell me who you are, and 
what it is you are reading 1" " I am a genic, slave to S(JlollloJl,'} 
!!aid the reader; ,: my task is to instruct my brethren, whum YOIl 



854 


ARABIAN NIGllr:s' 


sce here; they will be set at liLerty when they shall have acquired 
· all the knowledge necessary for the direction of their conduct. 
The book I read is the Alcoran. Alas! I have explained it to 
them for these several centuries, and yet there are still an eighth 
part of my hearers who tmderstand not even the first line! Pro- 
ceed, young mussulman; you have nothing to learn either frolll 
them or me; follow your destiny, and continue to Le as circumspect 
as you have beeD." 
I-Iabib left this school, reflecting with h
llself h<Lw difficult it is 
to understand the word of God when we are not disposed to listen 
to it. He blessed God and his Prophet that he had been instructed 
in his earliest years in the truths of the Alcoran. 
The young sultan had now opened and shut nine-and-thirty doors. 
JIe had been five days in passing those suLterranean recesses; 
places where the sun comes not to indicate the lapse of time; 
where ages after ages roll on unperceived; places inhabited by 
those beneficent spirits who are ever actively employed in promo- 
ting the happiness of the faithful, and are not subject to the ma- 
lignant power of their neighbors. 
Habib passed not into the dungeons where the wicked genii 
lived, ùnder a law in its nature and tendency directly opposite. 
Over them the scythe of time moves with a motion which cannot be 
calculated. All the vices of the world spring up and thrive in 
their perverse souls; and they are su ldected to the tyranny of 
every lawless appetite and pas8ion. 
Our hero had not counted the number of the doors through 
which he had passed. Still as a new one obstructed bis progress, 
its key sprung from the bunch in his hand, and spontaneously 
placed itself in the lock. At last he stood before the fortieth 
door. It opened, and he perceived the fatal silken curtain of 
which the genie had Bpoken. lIe hastily drew aside the curtain, 
and saw the sea upon which he was to embark, in order to reach 
the end of all his toils. lIe sprang hastily forward, but at the 
same instant the fortieth gate, which he had forgotten to shut, fell 
back upon its hinges with a dreadful noi
e, at which Caucaslls 
tremhled to its foundation. 
.. All the doors through which he had pas
ed, and all those of the 
dungeons in the bowels of the earth, were overturned and lJroken, 
with a noise which seemed to shake the arch of Heaven. Legions 
of spirits, in the most hideous fOì.'ills, issued forth ana uttacked 



ENTE[
T.\ I 
'IENT::;. 


3S;; 


Habib. The mo::;t frightful Higm.:, the lllo
t terrifyiug uIarms, a
- 
companied their threats and gesture
. 
Habib turned to oppose thell). Had hc 1,cen suscel'ti1Jlc of 
fear he must have IJeen terrified. I3ut tbe extraord'inary nature 
of the danger rendered him firm aud cool. lIe recollected tbe 
formidable word, imd, diRplaying at the same time the sword of 
Solomon, pronounced it with a firm voicc. The affrighted crowd 
instantly retired with precipitation; the door which opened to the 
sea was violently shut, Imt all the malevolcnt gcnii did not rcturn 
into their dark abodes. 
Part of them plunged into the sea. Its waters were raised with 
fury from the deep abyss; the billows rose mountain high in the 
air; vast masscs of vapor were spread through tbe sky. The day 
disappcared, the sun was darkened; thundcrs began to roar; 
the accumulating clouds struggled again
t the ragiug ,,-inùR, aud 
the billows of the Bca dashing against one another, exhibited a 
black and liquid surfacc, which the Ha:;hes of lightning 
ccllleJ to 
tingo with blood. 
The tempest burst from all qur"rters. Thc imprisoned winds 
and the thunder broke through the passages that were opened to 
them. The sea fled hefore them tc its deep ahysscs. The dash- 
ing of the waves, and the blustering of the winds, shook the very 
foundation of the rockH; while the bla
e of the lightning, and the 
r10ubling peals of the thunder, seemed to threaten this part of 
the globe with the return of the primitive confusion of chaos. 
This tumult and confusion of the elements was not wholly natu- 
ral. II Haboul, the guardian of the prophefs armor a(Jd treasure, 
had, at the moment that the rebel genii made their escape, left his 
usual post at the head of the genii undcr his command; a.nd the 
earth, the sea, and the air, were become each the theatre of a furious 
and desperate com hat. 
Habib, struck 'with the disorder which ho heheld around him, 
could impute the cause to nothing hut his own imprudence. 'Yhen 
he had opened the fatal curtain, both II caven and earth appeared 
with a smiling a
l'ec.t, alld the sea was ealm. lIe pro::;tl.ated him- 
self with hiB face to the ground, and cried: 
., "-here is hc who thinks himself wise? Let him look upon me, 
aud tremhle at hi
 presumption. 1Yhère is he who always acts 
prndC'llt1y? Let him ('onlP hitlwl" f\ He} confound me. 1'1y eyes 
have had a glimpse of hapl'iuCf
S, but it has vanished frolll my 
17 



386 


A IL\ In.\
 Nlr. HTS' 


"icw. I hiltl the key uf my fïtte, but it has chopped from my 
hands. Dorathil-go3,f'e! your lover loves you with a passion, 
which deprh:es him of reason. lIe is unworthy of yon. In my 
present situation how t;hall I invoke to my aid the powers of the 
earth? If I should seek to move Heaven, I hear a voice crying 
from the depths of my soul: Give an account of the benefits Iwhich 
Ileat'en has bestowed. The AraLia.ns of our tribe have betrnYf'd 
me; but can I reproach them when I have betrayed myself? 
Salamis, II IIa1Joul, Amirala, you have sown on an unprofita- 
ble soil. How shall you reap the fruit 1 I shall weep like the 
timid soul. Coufm;inn must co\'er my eyes when I have laid 
aside the bandage of pride. 0 great Prophet! 
 criminal dareR 
not lift up his voice to Heaven. But thou didst vouchsafe thy 
favor in n signal manner to Habib when he merited nothing at 
thy hand; but now, when he confesses his faults, lo
k down in 
mercy and forgive him." 
Habib, Imving uttered hiA prayer, arose, and looked around on 
the scene where he now founù himself. lIe was on the height 
of a ledge of rocks
 the foot of which was violently lashed hy the 
breaking waves of the ocean. The mountain was precipitous alld 
insulated all around, and 
cemed in a manner dptached from the 
rest of the world. He proceeded for a mile, by scrambling and 
leaping from rock to rock; the light of the sun was intercepted 
by thick clouds; the flashes of lightning which broke from these, 
gaye all surrounding objects a fiery and cupreous glare; an infec- 
tious saline vapor composed the ahnosphpre in which he breatheiL 
The day which illuminated these terrifJing a.ppearancps was 
formed to augment t.he horror of the scene. Habib stood and con- 
templated for some time the disorder which the warring elements 
present('d hefore him. Then looking on his scimetar he saw the 
talif.\l1lanic characters 
hillO with ext.raordinary Instl'('. II TIahOt11 
had formerly tau
ht him that Provi(lcllce never pcrformed a mir- 
acle unless for some very important cause. The new glare of the 
talisman, he hence cOllcl udeò, mu
t he intended to prompt him 
who 1)Ore it to call its vÏrhH's into f'xertion, in order to 
t.ill the 
rap;ing cleHwnts. IIp, t1wrcforp, drew the mysterious hlndf', and 
striking the air thrice, cried, "Powers of TIre, of parth. of air, of 
the waters! I commallù you to return to yonr wOlltctl order 
othprwisc I will reduce you to a dull inaction." 
That instant a blaze of light was emitted rl'Olll thp IScimetnr, Le. 
fore which alJ ()ther lightning was pale; a confused noi
e was 



ENTERTAIN.\IEN1'S. 


387 


heard like tha.t of hills of saud sinkiug down one upon another. 
1'he sea grew calm. 'The tempest cea
cd. Gentle breezes of the 
west wind succeeded to the boisterous blasts from the north j and 
the bright star of day gilded with his rays the stupendous rock on 
whose summit the hero stood. 
At so astoni8hing a change upon the face of llature
 the sultan 
could not avoid feeling a degree of terror with his joy. "\Yhat 
power,'1 cried he, "has deigned to employ my weak hiLnù
, guilty 
as I am, thus to still the rage of nature? How are the clements 
f;uhject to my voice? Creator of the world! thou hast not turned 
away thy face from me. Great pl.ophet! Habit) is still in thine 
cJes a son of the tribe of Beni. IIilac." 
.As he ceal"ed speaking with his face prostrate to the earth, he 
heard a motion near his side, which prompted him to rai:;e his 
head; and II Haboul stood uefore him. 
"0 my protector! my master! you, no doubt; are the author 
of the miracles which I have witnessed." " K 0, my dear Habib," 
replied the genie: "tbey are wrought by the influence of the great 
Solomon, whose instrument you have beon. You know not what 
disorders your negligence and forgetfulness of my counsels have 
produced. The mi8chief you have done could hardly have been 
l'epaired, withúut your exertions. 
" Instead of shutting the fortieth door after you, you hurried 
to the sea-shore. The gates of the dungeons which eonfilled the 
l'eDel spirits, instantly burst open, and the prisoners swarmed forth. 
You yourself would have been the first victim of their rage, had 
you Dot employed the t.alisman to whose name they were Oll
e 
subject. Terrified at the sight of it, they a
cended into the air, 
and raised the storm which you have witnessed. 
" I followed them at the head of the spirits under my C0l111Ualld. 
1Ye bpgan a violent comlJat
 the (':!fects of which you also wit- 
nesspd, without understanding them. You thpn pmployed the 
only means which remainf'd in your power. rrheir success was 
certain in the hands of a faithful 
IussuJman. The arms instantly 
dropped from the hands of the rebel genii. rrhcy were seized with 
a Rudden stupor, and sunk down like so many lumps of dead earth. 
l\Iy warriors fettered them, and conveyed them back to their 
dungeons. But had it not been for your aid, the contest had not 
yet been terminated. 
" I will not reproach you for an act of imprudence which setS' 



388 


AHABIAN NIGHT::>' 


your success at a di-stance: and subjects you to unspeakable toils 
before you can accomplish it. It is not so much your fault as 
love's, and your pas::;ion is owiug to the influence of your star. 
"Recollect the kno\vledge you acquired when you surveyed 
the treasures of the great SOIOlllOll. You will find everywherl:', and in 
yourself, arms tð ilH:;ure the success of the true knight. lIe knows 
that these <tl'e more at his command in adversity than ill happier 
situations. 
"The advices I now give you are the last you shall receive 
from me. In the career upon which you are entered, success 
would be dishonoraLle, if obtained by trivial means. Only fi-om 
Heaven can one receive at all times without sham
 anr
 ll
m 
may one always confidently apply, when o
';;iews 
Tise 
 d 
honorable, and when insolel1t triumph is not the ohject sought. 
Adieu, dear Ha.bib; I leave you exposed to wants of all sor ts, añ d 
I'eady to be hurried into new adventures; but I believe your 
courage equal to alL" 
II IlalJoulleft Habib on a rock. The se'a, had receded, and its 
waves no longer lal:ihed the foot of the rock upon which he stood. 
He might descenù from one rock to another; but how should be 
shelter himself through the night? Or where find relief from the 
cravings of thirst and hunger? This was the hero's situation when 
his guardian genie disappeared. 
A soul of less firmness and elevation than his would here have 
been abandoned to anxiety anù despair. But the scimetar of Solo- 
mon :still hUllg by his siù.e, a terror to the enemif-8 of the ,Most 
High. lIe had 110 enemies to dread Lut himself. "l\Iy error," 
said he; "had laid me low, but the hand of God raises me up again. 
Caucasus, boast of thy stupendous bulk, or of the hardness of the 
ma
s of which thou art composed; God 'willed it, and I ha,ye pene- 
trated through thy bowels. Earth, thou appcare-st behind me 
as a lonely wall; thou seemel:5t to be boundless, and oflerest only a 
dark abyss of waters to my yiew. But Hope omcrges aLove thy 
waters; alId shows herself through the vapors which coycr thce:' 
And, indecd, HabiL at this time saw land withont suspecting so 
much; it was the nearest point of the \Yhite hIe, which formed a. 
part of the dominions of Dorathil-goase. Night, boweycr, rame 
on; and to a.void tmfi'ering from its colù, he lay down lJCtween three 
rocks, which scrved to shelter him from the blpak wiuds. At day 
break, the young 
Ius
ulman performed his ublutions and praJ'crs, 



ENTERT A.IX)IEXTS. 


3g9 


He ran ovcr the adjoiuing land in search of some resources for his 
subsistence. The caverns were full of shell-fish, aud among them 
were Borne bl.oken remains of roots and herlJs brought hither by 
the billows. lie with these sati!:;fied his vresent wnnt8, waiting till 
destiny should call him to act in a more important scene. 
One morning, when llabib leaned on the rOCK ncarest the sca, 
and looked out to see if any ve8scls were apVl'oaching, hc happened 
to fall into a slight slumlJer, upon which three daughters of the 
soo suddenly raised their heads above the water. 
" IIc sleeps, sister," said one of the nymphs to the other two, 
"let us approach and strive to learn who he ib. You will enjoy a 
pleasure in seeing him; he is as beautiful as the ri:sing day. Yes- 
terday, I saw hil
l stooping over the water to wash, his clH'eks 
communicated a lovely color to the water; you would have ::;aid 
that the bottom of the sea was be:spread with rO::5el::l. But that we 
may have a better view of him, let us lJewure of making a noise to 
awake him. Give me your haud; and let us turll round till he be 
sound asleep.'; 
"
hen the daughters of the sea saw that their enchantments had 
taken effect, they came out of the wa.ter. On their shouldcrs they 
displayed their fair hair bound up in tresses, waving graccfully in 
the breeze. Robes of stufl; formed of s;a-plallts, and fiue as gauze, 
hung down fro111 their shoulders, upon their loins; pearled bus- 
kins adorned their legs, on their arms were coral bracelets; their 
whole appearance was in the highest degree lovely alid captivating. 
They all three surveyed their own charms in the water, and being 
pleased with their dress and appearance, approached and stood 
around the knight. " \Yhat a lovely young man I"
 said the eldest 
of the three; "can be be a knight 1" " lIe is undoubtedly so," 
said the youngest. "View his sabre, but touch it not; for I put 
my hand to the hilt, find it hurnt mc." 
" Ilzaide," said the eldest to her youngpst sister, " we must know 
who he is, and whence he comes. lle lllay have been brou
ht here 
in a storm. IImYC\Ter, nothing ahout him be:-;peaks of his having 
IJeen 8hipwret:kcd. I
rillg IlH' one of those large shells on the 
beat;h, al1cl fill it with water." 
Ilzaide obeypù. The shdl was hrought. The eldest of the 
daughters of the sea then g;elltly pulled one of Ha.bib's hairs. 
" Here is a hair,)} said. she, "which shall tcll us a.ll the secrets of 
the head on which it grew." She then threw it into the water in 



390 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


the shell, and walked around the shell with a circular movemcut. 
,: Shake the water well," said she to her si
ter8, ,. it will become 
turbid, and so much the better shall I see." ,: Look there, 8ister," 
said Ilzaide, "I believe the hair is melted. The water i:s now 
eovered like the firmament; the star appears in it, and the bottom 
of the shell i
 no more to be seen." "So much the better,:' re- 
turned the eldest; "after night, comes the day. . See, here is a 
country covered with wood, unùer the shade of which are flocks 
fe.eding. Stoop down, and you will see the whole scene. 'fhero 
are tents ;-he was born in Arabia." 
"In Arabia., sisters 1" said that one of the three who had not yet 
spoken. ,; Thence does our queen, Dorathil-goase, expect her de- 
liverer. Happy should we be to have the hero here. Soon would 
he deliver us from Racachik, and all his race; but the water says 
nothing of him. Shake it again, thttt we may know whence he has 
come." 
" Ah! sister," said Ilzaide, "it becomos black, black!" "Good," 
returned.the eldest, '
the truth will come out so much the clearer. 
Shake it with a brisker motion. i ' ., Sister," said the second, " see
 
it grows white. Oh! what a sad 8ight it exhibits," " These are 
mountains, sands, anù desçrts," aùded the eldest. "He has trav- 
elled over all these alone, for he appears by himself, and without 
any companion. lIe must be strong and valia.nt, then. . Sh:tkc, 
shake the water again, for the way I see him take could not bring 
him hither. Oh! hea,.ens," cried she, "I see the bowels of the 
earth. Enoul!;h
 illY si
ters. This water cannot tell us the secrets 
of his heart, but I know more natural mea.os by which we may 
come to the knowledge of them. It is a matter of the greatest 
concern to us, you know, to be acquainted with them. "Ve are in- 
formed that we are to be delivered from our evils, and from our 
tyrants, by a man who is a perfect lover, and yet not in love with 
any of us." "Certainly, a knight, be he who he may," replied 
llzaidp, smartly, " cannot be our lover without having evcr seell 
u:s." " But 
f-hen he opens his eyes," replied the eldest
 "he can- 
not but see UR. Take you care, sister, not to mcet his eyes with yours. 
There is a magic in them of greater power than what we have in 
OUI S, and were he to fall in love with you, we should 1)(" undone, 
and our hopes disappointed." "lIe win faU in love ,vith you, sis
 
tel', rathpr than with me," replieù Ilzaide. "::\Iay Sololllon keep 
bim from falling in love with any of us," added the eldest; ., yet 



E
 rERTÅI
:\IE:XTS. 


331 


there seems to be n, great danger of it. However, as we must gain 
his good graces that we may have a right to his services, let us 
think what we ma.y do for this purpose. 
" In the first place, I see that he is in want of every convenience. 
lIe has found nothing for sustenance but S0111e marine plants and 
shell-fish, which he has eaten raw. Let us prepare for him against 
he awakes such a repaQt as these places can afford. You, Ilzaide, 
are nimbler than the mountain goat; go, bring some of its milk in 
a shell, which you may cover, above and below, with aromatic 
herbs. In the cavities of the mountain you will find fruits and 
flowers. Choose what appears t.he most to the sight, taste, and 
smell. ,My sister and I will take care for the rest, and we shall 
thu.s offer as handsome a collation as can be prepared in this desert 
place." 
Hardly had IlzaiJe gone to perform her task, when the eldest 
sister explained her intention to the second. "I know of branches 
of coral," said she, "at the bottom of the sea, two of which would 
load a camel. Let us go find some of them. ,,, e will plac.e four of 
them in a square, cover it with stuff like ""hat we wear, thus 
form a pavilion; then gather moss and dry it for a sofa; form a 
ta11e of stones, and cover it with a tissue which has never been dyed. 
"\Ve will then provide some of the best fish the sea affords; dry 
and roast them in the sun. The bird's eggs which I shall bring and 
the fruits and milk with which our sister will furnish us, will com- 
plete the feast. 'Vhen a genie is out of his element, his power is 
.linüted. Here, industry must supply the defect of power. Order 
and taste must make amends for the want of variety. K ecessity 
will confer a value upon anything. Gratitude will ascribe even to 
thesligh
t fav or the highest consequence." 
Ilzaide returned. The pavilion was set up and ornamented. The 
table was covered. All that now remained was to suspend the 
magic influence by which Habib's sleep was prolonged. But it 
was requisite that he should awake on the I!>ofa, before which the 
table stood, and that the three sisters should be seated opposi.te to 
him, 
" Let us now see, Eisters/' said the eldest, "whether this be the 
Arabian knight who is the lover of Dorathil-go:tse. I will try an 
expedient to know, the success of \'rhich cannot fail. Raise up your 
hand
, and move them while I speak: 'By the great prophet Sol- 
omon, kJ ight, I awaken you in the name of Dorathil-g'-'a.
p.'" 



3!J2 


ARABIAN NIGHTS' 


t. Dorathil goase!" cried Habib, awaking and sprillging up. He 
t.hell looked about him, and remailled stupefied and confounded: 
three beauties, half naked; a table, plentifully covered with inviting 
food, fruits, flowers; a pavilion, where all was coral and purple; 
and all these conjured up by the name of Dorathil-goase. '" Dora- 
thil-goase!" cried he again, sitting down and looking about him; 
" where is my dear Dorathil-goase 1" 
" She is not here, sir knight," replied the eldest of the three sis- 
t.ers, "but you are within sight of one of the isles of which the 
rebel gellii have deprived her. Yon may see it over this arm of . 
the. sea-yonder bluish vapor, which terminates your horizon." 
" Are you attendallts of hers 1 "
hither am I transported 1" said 
the young sultan, greatly moved. 
" In our hearts," replied the eldest of the daughters of the sea, 
"we are still her subjects, although subjected, in spite of us, to the 
law of the rebellious Abarikaff, and to the immediate dominion of 
the monstrous Racachik." 
"\Vhere are they 1" interrupted Habib; "I will drive them from 
the face of the earth." 
" Sir," answered the eldest of the daugl1t,ers of the sea," they 
:t,re at present both out of your reach. Abarikaff is upon the Black 
Isle; and you have six seas to cross before you can meet with him. 
Racachik is upon the '\Vhite Isle, which you see there." " I will 
attack him instantly," said Habib. "The thing is possible, but yon 
must employ new expedients." "These shall be easi]y found out, 
said the hero. "I am here amid an enchanted scenc, for which I 
am undoubtedly indebted to the goodness of II lIabonl or of Dora- 
thil-goase; but where am I?" 
" Ou the saIDe rock on which you fell asleep yesterday; we have 
cnùeu,vored to make it more commodious to you.;' 
" I thank you," said IIa.Lib; "your powcr seems to be founded 
upon charms of more than one sort. But if you are dispos d to 
coutinne your goodness to me, cannot you, by a very small exertion 
of n
agical powcr, transform this pavilion into a bark, which may 
instantly carry me to the i:sle in "hich the enemy of Queen Dora- 
thil-goasc commands ?"' 
"Sir knight," replied the elùest of thc dau
htf'rR of the sea, "a 1 _ 
thou
h 'we he thrce Hi
tcr8, danght('r
 of gcuii, awl gCllii oUl'8cln'
9 
ypt here arc neither ch.lrms lIor cnchantmcnts. This pa,yilioll and 
this fru
al lllPa are prcp:u'ed 1. y ll
tturullllealls. The f
Ltigucs you 



EN fEUT.-lnG\IEXTS. 


393 


have undergone since your departure from Arabia must h
tye ex- 
hausted your strength; eat freely and cheerfully of these dishes; 
they were dressed for you by friendly hand8. You will not sus- 
pect the sincerity of our inclination to serve you, when you nnder- 
stand, that by avenging our queen of the tyrant Racacbik, you will 
do still more for us than if you should restore us to peace and rest, 
But I can say no more, if you refu::Ie to taste the food we offer." 
IIabiL suffered himself to be prevailed upon; and the gaughter 
of the sea continued her narratÌ're in the following words: 
"Since Abarikaff has made good his attempt by killdling rebellion 
through all the provillces of Dorathil-goase's dominions, he commit- 
ted the government of the 1Vhite Isle, the frontier of his territo- 
ries, to Racachik, the most cruel and infamous of the genii under 
his command. 
" This monster, before he joined the standard of Abarikaff, had 
}'anged through the ocean, under the form of an enormous shark. 
'Yhen he observed a vessel under sail, he pursued it, and by his 
poisonous eye faHcinated the sailors and passengers. Hapless were 
they who chanced to look on him! Their heads became giddy, they 
dropped into the sea; the monster dragged them under water, and 
made them his prey. Nor was his hunger Ratiable; when stran- 
gers were not to be found, he glutted his voracious maw with the 
blood of the qucen's suhjects. The tyrant Abarikaff authorized him 
to do so; for both had made a vow to exterminate the children of 
Adam. 
" As for ourselves, he cannot, it is true, deprive us of life; but we 
are Rubject to torments more cruel than death itself. lIe chooses 
from among m; his wives and his slaves. These he changes eyery 
moon. l\Iy sister and myself, at next new moon, must enter into a 
great 
alt-water pond, which serves as his harem. 'fhe fatal time 
will arrÏ\:e in thrce days! If you shall attack the monster, be as- 
flured of our earnest prayers for your success; yet can we not hide 
from you the dangers you must, encounter. 
" For his cOllycnience while he is 011 land, the monster has in 
part a8sumed a human form; reserving, however, his shark'R head, 
armed with a triple row of teeth, 'because he found that so well 
fmiteJ to his sanguinary nature. His gigantic body is covered with 
cnchanted scales, which are his armor. 1'he s11('l1 of a huge tol'- 
toiFe forms his shield; and he wears on his head an enormous 
twisted 
hell, by wa.) 0f helmet. His lance is thf6 horn of a 
wordc 
17:* 



394 


AI{ \.ßIAN I\IGllT::;' 


:fish, six cuùits in length He mounts on the back of a sea-horse, 
and thus rushes on to the rom bat; the steed mingling his horriLle 
cries with those of his rider. The rib of a whale, which be has 
rendered harder and sharper than steel, serves him for a scimetar. 
His arms cannot be resi\'3ted Ly human force; for his weapons are 
enchanted." 
" How, madam !" interrupted IIaùib, with vivaeity," can I not 
be transported in less than three da.ys to the isle that is ra.yaged hy 
Racachik.? Find me a conveyance to the spot, and I swear by the 
holy Prophet that I shall not rest till I have executed the vengeance 
of Heaven on this wicked enemy of humanity!" 
'Vhile Habib uttered this oath, his eye displayed sommvhat more 
than human, and his look was such as might have inspired a whole 
army with courage. lIe made a few steps within the pavilion, aud 
his graceful air and majestic carriage still heightened the liohle 
expression of his countenance. 
Ilzaide concealed herself behind her eldest sister. " There," 
sa.id she in a whisper, "there is a hero! JIow charming he is! I. 
never saw his like! Oh, sister, how I tremble lest I should 10,'e 
him !" "I doubt," ans,,'ered the other," it is no longer time to 
fear it !" 
" Brave knight," continued she, addressing Ha.bib," we are as 
anxious as yourself to procure you the means of delivering us from 
the oppression of our tyrant. In the defiles of this mountain there 
is a marsh, which produces reeds of an extraordinary strength aud 
size. 'Ve will form a raft of those materials, sufficient to hear you 
through the calm sea to the White I8land, to which place we our- 
sel ves will conduct you. In the meantime, finish your repast, and 
enjoy repose till morning. Oome, sister," said she to Ilzaide, "let 
us set a1Jout making the raft!" "I will attend you," resumed 
Habib; "I am surely aLle enough to participate in your la.bors." 
" l\ly sisters and I are sufficient," <Ln::5wered the eldèst. " 1Ye 
must pass for a great way under water, to a place where it wou] j 
be impossible for you to follow us. 'Ve will soon returu; for our 

eal and impatience for the accompliEhment of your vow are not 
less thau your own; and to-morrow, by day-break! we shall be 
ready to set out for the 1Yhite Isle.:' The three sisters took their 
leave 1f him, and passing with vast agility over the rocks came to 
a. small eminence on the brink of the sea. There, while they 
bound up tbeir tre
5es and prepared to plunge into tIre water, the 



ENTERT.\nnIENTS. 


3D5 


younger sister asked her compalliollf'l, "lIow can we Ietl,-e him 
alone? he win soon wf'ary in such solit.ude." "I dare 
ay, sister," 
answered the eldest," you would willingly ke('p him company, 
and while we prepared the raft, you would take Cë1l'e to render 
our lalJors vain. l\Iy dear 8ister, you are no strang('r to the dan- 
gers of the ocean; but you are not yet ac<pmintcd with aU its 
",hoal8 anù quickl'and
! Let us go where our duty calls us." 
TllPY all threw themselves into the sea, and disappea red. 
In the meantime Habib, h
t\'illg mafIc an end of his repa!;t., and 
seeing Ilight approach, p
rforlllcd his ablution, and said his prayer; 
after which he enjoyed un ea
y sleep
 waiting the return of the 
daughters of the sea. 
When the first rays of the sun struck his eyelid
, Habib awaked: 
he looked anxiously toward the 'Yhite Isle, and with his eye meas- 
ured the distance. lie suddenly perceived a remarkahle COinmo- 
tion in the water, though the sea was scarcely ruffled by the gentle 
breeze. He 0 bser,'ed an 0 hject ad ntnce with rapidity toward the 
place where he stood; and saw several head
 above the water; who 
called to him, " Oome, brave knight, come on board this raft!" He 
knew the voices of the three sisters, and f'prang upon the slender 
craft, which, however, bore him on the surface of the wayes. 
Eight dolphins were yoked to the raft. The elder sister, with 
half of her body above water, supported the stern with both her 
hands, and served as a rudder to the vessel. The two younger 
sisters swam, one on each side, kl:'epillg it in equilibrium with one 
hand. Habib, having his mind full of the enterprise in which he 
was engaged, was seated on the raft. 
They soon discovered the shore of the ',,"hite Isle find the palace 
of the tyrant, which was built of shells and corals, on a promontory 
projecting into the sea. 'Vhen the sentinels perceived the war- 
rior approaching they gave the alarm, and announced the news to 
Racachik. 'I'he monster regarded him fiB a fresh prey ready to 
fall into his hands. 
,. Let him come on," said he; "ask him what he wants 1 He 
shall soon know, to his cost, that no stranger ('an set foot on this 
isle till he has tried my strength and courage: but I must arm my- 
self to give him a suitable reception." 
In the Ineantime the raft approached thb land, and IIë1.bib If'aped 
ashore. One of the sentinels, who was 
n amphil)iouH mOllstf'r, 
came up to interrogate him, as Racachik had commanded. " Go 



3Ð6 


A U.AHIAl.
 NIGH r

 


tell thy master," said lIa1Jib, " that I am come to clmlIcugc him to 
single combat.}} " You are not armed/' said the monster," nor 
have you a horse.}} "Know," saiù the yuung sultan,'
 that my 
turban is my casque, and my scimetar is instead of a helmet and a 
buckler. I need no horse) let thy master come on! I here defy 
him and all his powers." 
No sooner was this message delivered than the furious Racachik, 
clad in his strong mail of shells, and mounted on a hideous sea- 
horse, whose clumsy gallop raised about him a cloud of dust, ad- 
vanced toward the shore to attack the hero. " Despicable son of 
Adam! vile slave of :l\fohammed! thou art proud forsooth that 
thou dost not creep on the earth like other reptiles, but canst raise 
thy head three cubits above the clay from which thou art sprung. 
Darest thou insult tlw genie Racachik! take then the reward of 
thy temerity." 'Yhile he pronounced these words, he pUBhed on 
his horse against Habib, and aimed a thru8t at him with his enor- 
mous lance. The young hero opposed his scimetal", and the lance 
of his adversary was shivered in pirces before the stroke reached 
him. The shock, however, stunned the arm of the tyrant. His 
horse became restive, reared on his hinder legs, and fell backward 
on his rider. Racachik saw his danger, and called to his assist- 
ance all the monsters subjected to his power. In a moment the 
ocean was agitated, and poured forth a legion of sea-lions, hippo- 
potami, and sea-calves; 'whales approached the shore and 8pouted 
up a torrent of water, which soemed to form a barrier between the 
young prince and his enemy. The shore resounded with horrible 
shrieks; for the whole army of monsters united in their efforts 
against the hero. He for some time kept them at bay with his 
scimetar; but fearing lest he should be overwhelmed hy numbers, 
he waved the sacred weapon thrice in the air, pronouncing the for- 
midable word power. The effect was instantaneom;; the monsters 
that had escaped the edge of the sworù] constrained by a superior 
for<::e, plunged into the abyss from which they had issued. Rac
- 
chik again attempted to renew the fight; he dared to encounter 
the weapon of Solomon with his mom.;trous scimetar, formed from 
the rib of a whale; but in a momeut it was broken into a thousand 
pieces. His scaly armor and encha.nted weapons fell into dust.! 
" Go, wretch," cried Habib, "go, lament thy crimes eternally ill 
thp, cavernA of CaucaAus !" In an in
tant the shore waR cleared of 
every vestige of the monsters, and no trace of Rac.achik's enchant- 
ments remained, 



E'XTEI{TAI!\1IENTS. 


397 


A dismal silence succeeùed to thi8 scene of horror and tumult. 
The yictorious Habib, grateful for his destiny, fdl prostrate, and 
adored the being to whom he owed his success: "Great power," 
C1,ied he, " whom none can resist, thy breath hath dispersed thine 
enemies like chaff, and left not a wreck bel}ind ! The fire that con- 
Burnes the stubble leaves the field covered with 3n'Shes; thy foes are 
consumed, but no mark of them remains. The slender reed in the 
hand of thy servant, 0 God, is more powerful than the sturdy oak 
in the grasp of the wicked. I am like an arrow in the bow of )10- 
hammed and of Solomon. I have been sent against this accursed 
race, and they are destroyed.'i 
Habib arose with an humble sense of the kindness of IIe3ven, and 
did not at first perceive the snare that was spread for his virtue. 
The whole shore was covered with the beautiful daughterR of the 
sea, adorned with crowns and garlands of marine flowers. They 
had assem LIed to express their grateful thanks to thcir deliverer, 
and to lay at his feet all the riches of their element. The harmo- 
nious concert of their voices, and their graceful addre8s, while they 
did homage to the hero, might have moved the most savage heart. 
'1'he young Ilzaide and her sisters were more earnest in tcstifying 
their gratitude than the rest. But the modesty of IIa1Jib would 
not permit him to accept the praises they lavished on him. "I 
have done nothing for you," cried he, "I have only fulfilled my. 
duty, and deserve not Buch acknowledgments. 1Vhere are the 
mosques? Let us go to the temple, where we may give thanks to 
God. I will lead the way. If there be any faithful subject of your 
queen Dorathil-goasc in tlus place, let him stand forth: that I may 
put these, your gifts, into his hand; for I can only accept them in 
her name." 
A genie, in his natural form, immediately presented hi rnse1f. 
He was bent nnder a load of years; his wings were ::;hattered, and 
his body galled by the chains with which the tyraut had loadel 
him. Ilis name was Balazan. 
" S
r," said the genie, h whcn our good quepn, Camarilzaman, 
reigned, wc had three mo::;que
 on this i
land. lJUt Racachik pro- 
fan('d and d(,llloli:-;llCd theIll. That ll('ap of ru hhi::-h you R('C b('forc 
us is the ruins of a city which he sacked, and of which he devoured 
the inhahitants. The isle bas remained without culture and 'with. 
out commerce. IIlah()u8
trous bestowed on me the goyernment of 
this place: but Racachik, on his arri'Val, threw me illto a dun. 



398 


AIL\BIAN NI(
nTS 


gpon, from which I have heen liberated by your viçtory. I come 
to do homage to the messenger of Sol(\lllon, who displays on this 
coast the sword of the prophet, and to offer my services to ,him 
who is the deliverer of the children of God, and the avenger of 
Dorathil-goase." " \\T oIl," answered IIalJib; "Balazan, in the 
name of the great prophet, and Dorathil-goas
, whose knight I am, 
J restore to thee all the powers with which thou wert formerly in- 
vested. Take these treasurps which lie at my feet; cau-.;e the 
mosques to be rebuilt, and let the muezzin proclaim from the lofty 
turrets, that all the queen's faithful 8u1dects, wherever they are 
dispersed, may r<.>pair thither without fear. Govern here in the 
name of :\Iohammed, of the great Solomon, and of your queen. 
Re-establi
h good order, and procure me the means of transporting 
myself to l\ledillaz-il-ballor." 
" N ohle and valiant knight!" returned Balazan, c, I accept with 
confidence the authority you have bestowed on me, and I submit 
to the decrees of Heayen. But, sir, it is impo
8ible to as
ist you 
in going where your destiny calls you. This isle is deprived of 
every means of navigation; and the path through the air is equally 
impracticable; fin. my wings arc disabled, aR you see; hut though 
that were not the case, Aharikaff has so guardcd the passes that 
, all my efforts to break hid encl.antments would prove in vain. 
You must pursue your journey from one isle to another by the 
same means yon employed in coming' hither. Avail yourself of 
the enthusiasm with which your person and valor have inspired the 
genii of the sea; and they may, perhaps, be aLle to conduct you 
to the chief scat of our enemy'H power. The eyent \"ill depend 
on your own cour
ge and the decrees of fate. Already has the 
terror of your a.rms spread to the Yellow and Red Isles. l\Iokil- 
raEl, the tiger of thp sea; tyrannizes oycr hath. lIe iR the son of 
the monster from whom you ha\"e jUHt delivcrcd us. Informed of 
his father's m"erthrow. he iR at this momcnt n
ing m"cl'Y precautinn 
his fears can SllggC
t. You will have lllany difficulties to encounter 
but if you 
ha]l preyail against him, ynu neecl only erect on your 
standard the skin of the lllonster, aull the Red lElalld will ..it once 
submit." 
HalJib then alÌtll'e
scd the cltlc
t of the thrcü sisters: "If I could 
find here a fi
ber's ho
t, or a small skiff," 
aid he, :, J would em- 
bark in it for the Y cHow I
lp; hut as I may he unallle to olJtail1 
.,uch a::;sistaucp, \vill tIle genii of your elf'lllf'nt 1'pfuse me theiraid 'e JJ 



RKTEI{'rAIN.i\IENTS. 


sa9 


C'If fear should hinder them from engaging in the noble enter- 
prise," answered she, "if they are ignorant of the degree of con- 
fidence due to a knight of your merit, my si:sters and I will show 
them their duty. Our dolphins can as least couduct the raft within 
a league of the flhore; but it would be dangorous for them to pro- 
ceed farther, on account of the precautionlS ta.ken by l\Iokill'as." 
" A league is but a Rhort way to swim," sa.id Habib, :, in the ('yes 
of a man who is determineù, a.t all hazards, to do bis dut.y." 
" 0 generous knight," resumed the daughter of the sea; "whc 
could refuse to follow you, were it only to have tho pleasure of 
seeing you, and hearing your discoursc ? but are you not afraid that 
JOu lllay at last fall u. prey to these terrible sea-lUonsters 1" ., I 
know no fear: madam, but that of failing to second tlIe decrees of 
destillY, or falling short of my duty to your queen!" "Yaliallt 
prince: you may rely on our fidelity; my si::;ters and I will reserve 
t.o ourselves the honor of serving you':' 
At that moment the raft was afloat, and bore them through the 
waters with immense velocity. They were nowaùle to distingubh 
the cOllllUotion that their approach had occasioned in the Yellow 
Isle. It was at the distance of about a league, and the dolp
ins, 
actuated by instinct, suddenly stopped, and endeavored to ùreak 
tIle harness by which they were yoked to the raft. One of the \ 
sisters advanced and set them at liherty, ,-,"hile the raft remained 
motionless on the surface of the water. A wave was at tha.t mo- 
ment raised by the sea-monsters, which approached the raft, and 
seemed ready to overwhelm it. IIabib saw that no time ,.vas to be 
lost in saving his amiable companions from the danger that 
threatened them. He took his scimetar in his hand and plunged 
into the sea, pronouncing aloud the sacred word inscribed on the 
talisman. 
The waters seemed to arrange themselves to afford him a pas- 
sage; the billows subsided: and the sea became smooth. At last 
the hero arrived at a !'ihallow sand-bank, on which he proceeded 
to the shore without interruption. 
He saw his enemies dispersed in small parties, who seemed 
ready to betake themselves to flight at his approach. He advanced 
toward those that appeared most formidable, flew on them with 
the rapidity of lightning, and whoever ventured to oppose him in.. 
@tantly sunk under the dreadful strokes of his scimetar. 
l\oIokilras, the enormous tiger, came up, walking on his hinder 



400 


AR.\BIAN KH.illTS' 


feet, aud aimed a blow at" the hero with a monstrous club; but in. 
8tantly resuming his own nature, ran off on four feet. Habib pur. 
sued him; but human strength and agility were insufficient to the 
contest; he therefore pronounced the sacred word, adding, "J1/0- 
kilras! I arTest t/tee in the name of Solomon /" The monster re- 
mained immovable. One stroke of the scimetar severed his head 
from his body, and his f:ikin was immediately stripped off. 
As soon as the tyrant of the Yellow Isle was despatched, the 
elements returned to their natural order, and a calm succeeded to 
the dreadful storms by which they had been agitated. 
'Vhen the three daughters of the sea were again assembled about 
the raft, the young Ilzaide raised herself upon it, and with a long 
marine trumpet called túgether the a.ffrighted dolphins, and they 
were obedient to hor yoice. Innumerable inhabitants of the ocean 
crowded about the place, who united their voices in joyfully sing- 
ing the victories of the hero, aud thus approached the 
hore at tho 
moment of his triumph õver ,Mokilras. 
Habib returned to the raft, but refused to accept the homage, or 
rather ttdoration, that was oft'ered to him. " Creatures of God/' 
sai<:l he, "worship your Creat'Jr; lift your eyes to Heayen, and 
thank the Almighty for your deliverance. It is to him alone, Jour 
gratitude is clue. Subjects of Dorathil-goase," cried he, ".re8e1'\-"0 
those expreðsions of submission and respect, for your queen; her 
knight will join you in doing her homage, and in offering up 
prayers fur her prosperity." 
"\Yhen he had finished his speech, a multitude of people as::;elU- 
bled about him from all quarters, whose presence at Ollce increased 
his triumph and his embarrassment. Everyone seemed more for- 
ward than another to swear allegiance to him, and to demand a 
renewal of the htws. IIappily the old genie Balazan came to his 
relief. 
As soon as all the inha1itantR of the '''hite Isle had submitted 
to the authority of that genie, he made a vigorous effort to rise into 
the air, tlmt he might follow the successful hero to whom he owed 
his deli'-erance; and after a hard struggle, he now joined the 
young Habib in the Yellow Island
 at the moment when the inhab- 
itants of tlmt country were doing him homage. 
" Su hjeet
 of Durathil-goa.sc," cries the old gcnie, " this gallant 
knight accepts your testimonies of gratitude. Return to your pos-- 
sessions, and cnjoy them, while you live under the laws of our 



ENTEHTÅIN
IE
TS. 


401 


sovereign. And you, valiant knight," addrQssing himself to Ha.. 
bib, " you may now take a little repose. rIhe conquest of thE' Red 
Isle is not an enterprise worth your while. I will go alone on the 
raft, and bear with me the skin and the arms of 1\Iok