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Full text of "Three Oxfordshire parishes; a history of Kidlington, Yarnton and Begbroke"

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^ ^9.^t>,^0.X^ 



l^arbarlr College i^tbrars 

FROM TIIR FUhTD OP 

CHARLES MINOT 

(Oloaa of 18»8). 



Received 






1 



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F ^ 



i .- 



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VOL. XXIV 



HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON, ETC 



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Oxfot5 

HORACE HART, PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSITY 



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THREE 
OXFORDSHIRE PARISHES 

A HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON 
YARNTON AND BEGBROKE 



MRS. BRYAN SJAPLETON, /.:- . 



/If 



1/ ^ ' ^ 



K ID-LI NQ-TON 




Ojcfor6 



PRINTED FOR THE OXFORD HISTORICAL SOCIETY 
AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 

1893 

[A// rights reserved} 



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:'■■ '- V 



^-.. / 



^-ytt/(/j /r't ^ui I U/ 



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PREFACE 



The History of the three parishes of Kidlington, Yarnton 
and Begbroke, now put before the public, is the result of 
several years of thought and research, undertaken in the hope 
of interesting others in a work which has given much genuine 
pleasure to the author. 

This part of Oxfordshire is happy in its associations, whether 
in regard to the general history of our country, in its con- 
nexion with the wealthiest abbeys of the kingdom, its contiguity 
to the several royal residences in the neighbourhood, or in 
its vicinity to the University of Oxford. 

From each of these points of view much interest may arise ; 
and from the whole, when brought together, the aspect of our 
villages may derive an importance little thought of by the 
casual passer-by. 

The authorities and sources of information from which these 
notes have been compiled are fully acknowledged in the text ; 
but to the living references, who have so kindly and ungrudg- 
ingly given their help, the s^uthor most gratefully offers her 
thanks. 

To the Rev. W. W. Jackson, Rector of Exeter College, who, as 
successor to the Rev. Dr. Lightfoot, so generously renewed his 
permission for her to peruse the documents in his keeping 
referring to Kidlington and Yarnton ; and to the Rev. C. W. 
Boase, M.A., the Librarian of the College, who has been 



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vi HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON, ETC. 

unfailing in his kindness ; also to the Heads of Queen's, All 
Souls and Merton; to Falconer Madan, Esq., of Brasenose 
the Bodleian Library ; to the Rev. G. Downes, Rector of 
>roke, and many of the clergy of various parishes \ from 
n information has been asked, and other friends in the 
ibourhood, who have courteously given their aid ; and 
e officials of the Clarendon Press, for their kind patience 
so inexperienced a writer as the author;— her grateful 
Dwledgements are due. 

lat some other person with a love for the county of their 
tion may follow up these efforts to a more worthy con- 
>n is the sincere wish of the writer. 
le Map accompanying this book may require a few words 
cplanation to account for the names of certain places 
ed upon it. The basis for the whole is the Ordnance 
each parish being supplemented from maps belonging to 
containing the old names of many of the fields and lanes. 
Id ' Terrier ' of the Vicarage land in Kidlington has also 
of much assistance in recalling the names of the old open 
Is now almost forgotten. The numbers marked refer to 
ame numbers used upon each map and principally point 
he Charity lands in Kidlington. 

M. H. A. Stapleton. 

xfardy December, 189a. 

addition, the writer desires especially to record her obligation to the late 
of Yamton, the Rev. J. A. Balleine, for his help and kindness during several 
>f her researches. 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS 



PAGE 

List of Pedigrees and Illastratioos ziii 

Introduction xv 

Kidlington, Gosford, Water Eaton, and Thmp in Domesday . xviii 

Eirata xix 



HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

CHAPTER I. 

KiDUNGTON UNDER THE FEE OP D^OlLEV. 

I. Faxnilyofd'Oiley i 

Charter of Osney i 

n. Family of Basset 8 

III. Family of Plessets lo 

Hnndred Rolls 13 

Pope Nicholas* Taxation 15 

•[Qie Ninths 18 

Grants of land to Osney 19 

IV. Families dependent upon Plessets ao 

V. Chancer family a6 

De la Pole, Earl of Snffolk 18 

Howard, Brandon and Grey 30 

Chamberlain 3a 

CHAPTER II. 

The Rectory and Vicarage of Kidlington. 

I. Valor EcdesiasticQS 33 

Deed relating to Vicarage 34 

II. From Osney to Sir William Petre 36 

III. The Vicarage since Sir W. Petre's time 39 

List of the Vicars 40 



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viii HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON, ETC. 

PAGE 

IV. Sir William Petre and Exeter College 44 

V. List of Tenants of Parsonage Farm 46 

Family of Standard 47 

ilington Mill 49 

mily of Scroggs 51 

CHAPTER III. 
Miscellaneous. 

few facts relating to the Chnrch . 5 a 

criptions upon Bells 54 

ats of Arms in Church Windows 55 

1 Stalls in the Church . . 59 

mlar affairs under Queen Elizabeth 60 

CHAPTER IV. 

ton during the Civil War 66 

CHAPTER V. 

e Manor from the death of Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk . 7a 

e Property of Brasenose College 74 

e Property of Queen's Collie 76 

ry House 77 

tnily of Street 78 

le Chief Manor 80 

. Smith, Provost of Queen's 80 

ms of Smith of Farmington 89 

CHAPTER VI. 

impden Manor 90 

William Morton 93 

mily of Pudsey 99 



CHAPTER VII. 

e Manor of Water Eaton loa 

ice Farm 109 

ird Lovelace no 



CHAPTER Vni. 

ccount of Thrup 115 

d Rolls 117 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS. ix 
CHAPTER IX. 

PAGE 

Township of Gosford 125 

Property of Merton Collie 129 

CHAPTER X. 

I. Smiths of Kidlington 130 

II. Family of Almont 13a 

IIL Charities 135 

CHAPTER XL 

A Key to the Tombstones in the Church 143 

CHAPTER XII. 

I. Some account of Popular Afiiairs 158 

II. The Registers 170 

The Commons 170 

Terrier of Church Lands, 1634 171 

Enclosure of the Parish of Kidlington 174 

CHAPTER XIIL 

Cutslow 176 

Domesday 176-177 

CHAPTER XIV. 

Marriages in Kidlington • . . . . 182 



HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

CHAPTER L 

I. Early Secular History, and Domesday 199 

The Name aoo 

Hundred Rolls 303 

II. Yamton the property of the Church 205 

Rewley Abbey 209 

Pope Nicholas* Taxation 210 

Valor Ecclesiasticus .211 

The Cistercians at Yamton aia 



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X HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON, ETC, 

CHAPTER II. 

FACE 

Yarnton under Exeter College, &c ai6 

The Rectory 316 

Lessees of the Rectory 317 

The Vicarage . : . *. ai8 

List of early Vicars 219 

The Vicarage subsequent to Sir W. Petre aao 

List of Vicars from 1530 222 

The Vicarage House 228 

The family of Swete 229 

Tithes Great and Small 231 

CHAPTER III. 
The Church and its Surroundings. 

Expenses about the Church 238 

The Church Leads and Windows 240 

The Church Clock 242 

The Church Plate 244 

Burials in the Church 246 

Table of Benefactions 248 

Accommodation in the Church 249 

The Churchyard 249 

The School 250 

CHAPTER IV. 
Churchwardens' Accounts. 

Processioning and Perambulations 251 

Smoke or Whitsun Farthings 253 

Books and Papers 254 

Briefe 256 

Parish Relief and Churchwardens 261 

Assessment of Land in 161 5 263 

CHAPTER V. 

Church Bells and Charities 264 

Occasions upon which the bells were rung 266 

Charities 270 

Alderman Fletcher's Charity 271 

CHAPTER VI. 

I. Parish Regbter of Yamton and Overseers' books 273 

ham Wright 276 

)le names 277 

ned Soldiers and Marshalsea money 277 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS. xi 



PAGE 



in. The Overseers* Books 378 

The Population 281 

IV. The Constable's Book 381 

V. The Mileway Tax 383 

CHAPTER VII. 

The Manor of Yamton 384 

Spencers in Yamton 385 

Inscriptions upon the Spencer tombs 393 

Extracts from the Registers, the Spencers 396 

The Manor House 298 

The Spencer aisle in the Church 399 

Windows in the Spencer aisle 303 

CHAPTER VIII. 

The Night March of King Charles through Yamton 304 

The Meadows 3^7 

Farm belonging to Exeter College , . .311 

The Jackson family and Merton Coll^;e farm 313 

Poll for the County Election of 1754 3^3 

Concluding remarks 313 



HISTORY OF BEGBROKE, 

CHAPTER I. 

B^broke in Domesday, Early History and the Name 331 

Hundred Rolls 3*3 

The Ninths 3^6 

CHAPTER II. 

Patrons of the Living of Begbroke . 330 

List of Rectors 33' 

Some wills of Begbroke people 33^ 

At Obit there 337 

Rectory House, Glebe and Tithes 337 

The Church 339 

Tombstones and Inscriptions in the Church 34^ 



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xii HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON, ETC. 

CHAPTER III. 

FACE 

Extracts from the Register of Begbroke 343 

Brie& and Collections and Account of the Population 346 

Abstract of Parish R^^ters of Begbroke, Kidlington and Yamton . 346 

Benefactions at Begbroke 347 

Disbanding the Army 348 

The Manor in recent times 349 

Area of the three Parishes and Table of Rates 351 

The Local Militia 35a 

Appendix to Kidlington 353 

Appendix to Yamton 363 

Appendix to Begbroke 367 

Index of Places \ , . 369 

Index of Persons 379 



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XIll 



LIST OF PEDIGREES 



FACE 

D'Oiley 7 

Basset 10 

Plessets .... 16 ?toU 

Elmenigge 33 

Chancer and de la Pole . 30 

Standard 51 

Raveninge 62 

BlnndeU 73 

Street 78, 358 

Dr. Smith, ProYost of Qneen's 

CoU 86 

Smith, of Kidlington, Littlemore 

andlfflcy .... 87 
Smith, of Fannington, Kidlington 

and Headington Hill 88, 358 

Smith, of Hampden Manor . -91 
Morton, of Kidlington . 98 

Sydenham, of Dnlverton . 100 



PAGR 

Pndsey and Sydenham, of Kid- 
lington lOI 

Frere of Water Eaton . . .108 

Lovelace 114 

Brent, of Thmp . . 133,358 

Almont 133 

Maye and Mann .... 134 
„ „ with Philips and 

Hudson 359 

Shard 141 

•Spencer, of Yamton . To face 2^^ 
Mayne, of Begbroke . . 325 

Lad or Lacy .... 337 

Montacute 338 

Chetwode and WoodhuU . 338 

^Fitzherbeit, of B^broke Tofact%\o 

Eyans, of Bq^broke . . . 348 

Chaucer . . ^ . . . 354 



ILLUSTRATIONS 

Vignette on Title-page, for explanation see p. 59. 
Coloured Map at end of Volnme. 



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INTRODUCTION 



The area included in the three parishes, of which this book 
attempts the history, contains the space of 7000 acres and is bounded 
by the rivers Cherwell and Isis, while it embraces some of the most 
interesting spots in the county, outside the City, of Oxford 

The ancient work close to the church of Begbroke and. known as 
' the Round or Begbroke Castle,' although in the parish of Bladon, 
appears to have been a centre towards which many of the old roads 
of the neighbourliood converge. This mound has been a subject of 
interest and curiosity to archaeologists from Leland downwards, some 
considering it to be Roman, others Danish, from its circular shape. 
Towards it points the old *Salt Street' entering Ridlington parish 
at Shipton after crossing the Cherwell at Tackley Ford. 

The ' Salt Streets^ ' are among the most ancient monuments of the 
country, and were used for the conveyance of salt from the inland 
works at Droitwich to the sea or up the Thames from the coast salt- 
pans. There were two branches leading respectively to the south 
and east coasts and known as the Upper and Lower Salt Way, be- 
sides another going to London, upon which Begbroke Castle is 
situated. Along this trackway the names of fields in Ridlington 
parish show the sites of ancient settlements. 

Another road apparently overlooked, known by the name of 
* Streatfidd,' can still be traced across the fields from Begbroke Castle 
to Water Eaton. Heame mentions the discovery of a Roman villa 

* Beesley*s History of Banbury, p. 33, note 38. 



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xvi HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON, ETC. 

at Water Eaton, but it seems to have been forgotten, and when Warton 
wrote his History of Kiddington * he emphatically denied the existence 
of any such road. But a certain ' Streatfield Lane ' is still remembered 
in Kidlington. It led past the south end of Gosford by * Streatfield 
Brake ' across what is now the canal where a bridge still preserves the 
footpath to 'Sturtfield'* in Yarnton. The lane was absorbed in the 
London and North-western Railway and their old station where the 
line crosses the Oxford and Banbury road marks the site and bears 
the name '. 

The Saxon name for Yarnton, meaning the Dwelling Place, seems 
to show that the spot had long been the metropolis of the district. 
When the ground was first opened for the construction of the railway 
in 1854* there were brought to light relics of the past deep hidden in 
the gravel, mighty bones of long extinct animals, and above them in 
profusion and extending towards Begbroke for a considerable dis- 
tance the remains of the early dwellers upon the spot Pit-dwellings 
and graves of long-forgotten people and burials of old Saxons. 
These discoveries were made in a succession of years down to 1876, 
according as gravel or cuttings were required by the railway. 

Leland^ looked upon the 'Roimd Castle' as Roman and as an 
outpost upon the road fi'om Stonesfield to the standing camp at 
Alchester', while Dr. Plot considered it as Danish''. In support of 
his opinion we read in the Ensham Charter that the Danes ravaged 
these parts. The truth may be that each in turn occupied the ancient 
post fortified by the old dwellers on the soil. 

Kidlington parish is crossed throughout its whole length by another 
Roman road known as the * Port Way.' It enters the parish by the 
ford at Hampton Poyle, crosses the Crofts, and runs along the pre- 
sent high road where we meet it again as ' Portstrete,' fixing the 
limits of Cutslowe, and so to the town or * Port.' Upon this road 
and around the church old Kidlington must have lain. Another name 
towards the south-west of the village cannot have been fortuitous, the 

" P. 61. * Itin. Oxon. 1713. 

* No. 30 on map of Yamton. * Cf. * Langford Lane * and * Paddy's 
' The Company ran an onmibus from Gap,' in Kidlington parish. 

this station to Oxford in 1851, prcced- ' Nat. Hist. Oxon, p. 336, edition 

ing the completion of the line. i ^77' 

* See Appendix. 



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INTRODUCTION, xvii 

' Round Ham,' but of this nothing can be said beyond the fact that it 
stands upon the road to the ' Round Castle/ 

In the year 1840 while digging stone to the north-east of the 
church an ancient well was discovered. The walls were well and 
evenly built, and at the bottom under a leaning stone was found a 
small Roman urn. The soil in the well was filled with bones and 
broken red and white crockery, and abundance of coins was found all 
around. The spring of water proved to be fresh and plentiful, and 
for many years was used by the neighbouring people. In the rock 
were many traces of dwellings, flues, and cells. Earthen ramparts 
were still traceable, but these may possibly have dated from the Civil 
Wars, as from tradition we are told that * Hampton was all blown to 
pieces during the wars.' From the Yamton Register we learn that 
Kidlington and Yamton both suffered from a fire in 1638. These 
two circumstances may probably account for the disappearance of the 
houses along this way ; the breaking up of the manor in the seven- 
teenth century also led to building in other parts, and accounts for 
the scattered appearance of the town. 

Turning now to later times the church history of the parishes of 
Kidlington with its members and of Yamton centres round the story 
of the rise and fall of the great Abbeys of Ensham, Osney and Rewley 
and the Priory of St. Frideswide's, while Begbroke was under a lay 
patron. 

The secular interests were bound up with the powerful Norman 
Fees of d'Oiley, St. Walleiy, Wallingford, and Ludlow. Thus they 
remained until the crael day of the dissolution of the monasteries and 
the attainder of the Duke of Suffolk which brought both spiritual and 
temporal jurisdiction into the hands of King Henry VIII. 

Henceforth the manors no longer claimed as their lords the great 
abbots and barons of the kingdom, but were parcelled out among the 
King's favourites to be disposed of as they willed, and in the case of 
ELidhngton fell into the hands of divers families who had risen to 
competency either through trade or by holding emoluments under the 
colleges of Oxford. 

The spiritual advowsons shared a better fate. Sir William Petre 
confided Yamton and Kidlington to the care of Exeter College. 
Begbroke remained in the hands of the lord of the manor. 

b 



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xviii HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON, ETC. 



KiDLINGTON IN DOMESDAY BoOK. 

Vol. i. p. I58,— ('Robert d'Oiley). The same Robert holds Chedelin- 
tone. 7bere are 14 hides. Land of 12 carucates. Of this land there 
are in demesne 3 hides, and there are 3 ploughs with a slaves and 32 villeins 
with 8 bordars. They have 4 plou^. Inhere is a meadow 3 furlongs in 
length and 2 in breadth. Pasture 4 furlongs in length and 3 in breadth. 
Wood 3 furlongs in length and the same in breadth. There is a Mill of 
30 shillings. It was worth ;^8 now £1^* 

Vol. i. p. 160. — 'Siward the huntsman, holds of the King 2\ hides in 
Chedelintone. Land of 2 carucates. These he holds in demesne with 
I slave and 3 bordars. 7bere are 3 acres of meadow. It was worth 40 
shillings. Siward himself held freely in the time of King Edward' 

There is some confusion in the Domesday entries between Kidling- 
ton and Chadlington, owing to the same name being used for both. 
As we know that Siward held Cutslow, may we not suppose him 
to have held this land contiguous to it, viz. Gosford ? 



Water Eaton in Domesday. 

Vol. L p. 158. — *The same Robert holds Etone. There are 5 hides. 
Land of 5 carucates. Besides these hides he has of inland 3^ hides which 
never paid tax. There are 26 villeins with 7 bordars, they have 9 ploughs ; 
and there a mill of 15 shillings, and 3 fisheries of 12 shillings. There a 
meadow 10 furlongs in length and the same in breadth. Pasture as 
much. It was worth £6, now 100 shillings.' 



Thrup in Domesday. 

VoL i. p. 159. — *The son of Wadard holds of Roger (de Iveri). Trop. 
There are 3 hides. The land is of 6 carucates. Now in demesne 
2 carucates with i slave, and a mill of 6 shillings, and the same of pasture. 
It was worth and is worth £6, Leuui holds it as the man of Stigand 
(Archbishop).' 



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XIX 



ERRATA 



Page 14. In eleventh line from bottom, for Cudlyington read Cudlyngton. 
„ 41. Fonrth line from the bottom, y2v Winwich read Winwick. 
„ 44. At the end of line \%yfor to read the. 
„ 57. In third line from bottom, y5?r *Trillowe of Ames and his wyfe' read 

* Trillowe and Ames his wyfe '. 
„ 59* In first line after Tomb add a comma, 
„ 70. In note 2, for Bnllindoon read Bnllindon. 
„ 76. In sixth line, for Thomas Almonde Taylor read Thomas Almonde, 

tailor. 
„ 86. In Smith Pedigree, Joseph Smith « Lydia, dan. of Joshua Barney, not, 

Bavnay. 
„ 88. In Smith Pedigree, supply ^ between th4 names Humphrey and Mary. 

For issue to this marriage see Pedigree, p. 358. 
„ 118. In seventh ]me,for 6 ae read 6 ac 

., 125. Note I. For Stratfidd Lane see p. xvi. instead of Kisiory of Yamton. 
„ 168. Note, /br spanned r^A/ paved. 
„ 178. In topline,y^one r^flflfour. 
,f . 180. Line 10, delete Rawlinson and read the sentence — ' Sir John Lenthall 

had a good estate at Blechendon at the time, and his father-in-law, 

Sir Thomas Temple, &c' 
., 213. Line 12 ^ for pastoral cross r^£k/ pectoral. 
„ 214. In the note 3, the figures No. i, 2, 3, 4 refer to the above list, Gybbes, 

Eyers, Bamarde, and Shepherd respectively. 
„ 215. Line 12, for as readihaX, 

„ 236. Note. For The Vicar and a manse read The Vicarage Manse. 
»» 334- Geofirey Denthor ; it seems probable that this name should be Deuihor, 
„ 248. In note, the reference figures should be pp. 260 and 262. 
„ 288. line 10 from bottom, y^ services fro^ service. 



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XX 



Since this book has been in print the following have come to hand : — 

Royal Letters addressed to Oxford, ed. O. Ogle, 1893, p. 339, Ex- 
emplification of a trial before a jury at Abingdon, 23 Sept. 1426, of a presentment 
made at Oxford 9 Ang., by Gosford and Kidlington, of a noisance against the 
Town of Oxford for allowing 50 feet of the highroad at Greenditch to be flooded 
and impassable. The jnry find that the Town is not liable for the repairs. 

Tenth Report of 'Historical Manuscripts Commission,* App. Part V. 
MSS. of the Marqaess of Ormonde, Kilkenny Castle. 

In the above will be found several references to Captain John Morton and the 
payment and disbanding of his Company. For his Epitaph see p. 97 of this book. 



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THE HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 



CHAPTER I. 

KIDLINGTON UNDER THE FEE OF D'OILEY. 

I.— Family of d'Oiley, 

A PERIOD of one hundred and fifty-nine years covers the sway of 
the great Norman family of d'Oiley over the Barony of Hook Norton, 
of which Kidlington, the subject of the present history, formed a 
member. Four generations succeeded each other during that time. 

1074. The first Robert d'Oiley founded the church of St George 
in his castle yard at Oxford, which served for some years as a parish 
church. He died in the first year of the twelfth century, and was 
buried with all honours in the Abbey Church of Abingdon. 

His nephew, Robert the second, succeeded to the Barony, who in 
1 129 founded the Priory of Augustine Canons at Osney. 

1149. Twenty years later the great Charter of Osney was given by 
him and confirmed by Alexander, Bishop of Lincoln, and the king, 
Henry I. 

It contained the gift of 

* my churches of Cudlyngton, of "Weston, of Hooknorton, of Cleydon^ of 
Shenestone (in Staffordshire), of Chesterton ; of all my town of Ethon * 
with all belonging to it (except the Mills which I have given to another 
church), and Sparsway and all that part belonging to my mother, when 
she shall relinquish it, for the use of the Brethren ; to have and to hold 
the same well and in peace, freely and honourably with all the customs 
and liberties appertaining to the same ; that is to say in wood and plain ; 

^ Geydon came to him by his wife. springs and water which belongs to 

« This is Water Eaton: the Mills had them.' See Dogdale, Mon., nnder 

been given to St. Frideswide's in the Fridwd*s, conf. by Pope Adrian : also 

following terms: — '. ... the Mill at Chartnlary of Osney at C. C. pp. 11- 

Hetone, with all belongings and two 16. 



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% HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

in medes and feedings ; in waters ways and patlis as freely as I or my 
predecessors have or heretofore have enjoyed the same^* 

This was followed by the gift bf the church of St. George in the 
Castle ; of three hides of land in Cudelaw ; of the Chapel of Fres 
and much more in other parts of the country, and two-thirds of all 
manner of tithes. Robert d'Oiley the second died in 1157, and was 
buried in Eynsham Abbey. Henry d*Oiley, who married Maud, the 
daughter of the Earl of Hereford, succeeded to Robert. In his life- 
time was made a confirmation of all the foregoing gifts to Osney, and 
a further * hide of land in Cote, which is a member of Kidlington V 
was given to the Abbey by Ralph Britton, who had previously 
received the same from Henry d'Oiley. 

The Convent of Osney having taken over the Church of St. George 
and its parochial charges, supplied it with all necessaries for cele- 
brating Divine service : among other allowances four pounds of wax 
was ordered to be paid yearly, upon the feast of Candlemas, by the 
Vicar of Kidlington '. 

1153. In this year the Priory of Osney was erected into an Abbey * 
and its Abbots held a place in Parliament among the Barons of the 
realm, and in the 49th Hen. III. the Abbot was summoned as seventh 
upon the roll. 

n63. In this year died Henry d'Oiley the first, leaving a widow, 
two daughters and a son, Henry, at that time an infant. Of the 
elder daughter as Countess of Warwick we shall speak further on, the 
second died without issue, and the son with all his lands was com- 
mitted to the wardship of his grandfather, the Earl of Hereford. The 
minority lasted fdr twenty years, during which time nothing is recorded 
of Kidlington, although it seems most probable that a mansion existed 
here about this time, for we read of an enclosed garden in Kidlington. 

ii8a. Immediately upon his coming of age the young Henry con- 
firmed to the Canons of Osney all the previous grants of his own and 
of his ancestors in these words : — 

* And Etone and Sparswey and other lands near Oxford, for the good of 
the souls of my parents and for my health and that of all mine, in per- 

* This Charter in Dngdale, vol. 6, deed includes ' the Chapel of Fres with 
p. 351 ; also Wood, ed. Clark, vol. 3, the Manse and the land opposite towards 
pp. 188 and 191. the west, free from all jurisdiction of 

* Wood. MSS. F. 13. That part of other courts, except for murder and 
Kidlington where Park Farm lies, is theft.' 

known as Cot*s Green. This gift may • Wood, ed. Clark, vol. a, p. 64, 

refer to Cote, near Wootten. This * Ibid. 3 10. 



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THE FEE OF D' 01 LEY. 3 

petual alms, free from all service; and the enclosure (Purpresture) of 
their garden in Kidlington \* 

In consideration of this last gift the Canons relinquished all claims 
in the two parts of the tithes of Claydon. 

nga. Ten years later Henry d'Oiley, * in consideration of his body 
being buried before the high altar at Osney/ gave to the Abbot and 
Convent his chief mansion at Weston, and a wood and mill, and his 
meadows near the mill towards Kirtlington, and three crofts*; viz. 
Bencroft, Grascroft, and Heycroft, with offer of exchange in Hook 
Norton or in Kidlington. 

n94. Early in this year King Richard I. returned to England 
from his imprisonment in Austria, and, desirous to take his pleasure 
and enjoy his new-found liberty, came in the course of the spring to 
Woodstock^, and while there issued writs summoning all the nobles of 
this part of the country to appear at a grand Joust or Tournament, 
to be held upon 'Bayard's Green,' eleven miles to the north of 
Kidlington. This was the first year in which such games were 
publicly authorised in England; but the King being newly come 
from the Continent, favoured such exhibitions, as tending to show 
the prowess of his knights, and proving conducive to their proficiency 
in arms. 

The beginning of the 13th century brings us to the quarrel of 
King John with the Pope upon the election of the Archbishop of 
Canterbury. 

Some years previously Arnold de Gray, a cousin of the King's, was 
in possession of land in Water Eaton ; he was father of two sons, one 
of whom was ancestor to the Greys of Rotherfield, and father to 
Walter, the celebrated Archbishop of York ; the second was John, 
Bishop of Norwich. He owned a certain portion of land belonging 
to Kidlington, which he. made over to the Convent of Osney. A 
deed preserved in the Bodleian library is still to be read, by which 
Walter, Archbishop of York, and others, executors of the will of John 
de Gray, assign to the Church and Canons of Osney a certain 

^ Dngdale, Monast. vol. 6, p. 242, inter Warwick and Kennelingworth ; 

part 1, 18 1 7, the word used is 'Pur- inter Standford and Waningford; inter 

presture,'« encroachment Brackle and Mixeberie.* Owing to 

* White Kennet, vol. i, p. 209. grave abuses tournaments were for- 

' MarshaU's Histoiy of Woodstock, bidden in the reign of Henry III., upon 

p. 66. The four tournaments were pain offorfeitureofland and of Christian 

to be held, *■ Inter Sarum et Wilton ; burial. White Kennet, vol. 1, p. aia. 

B % 



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4 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

wood, which is called Coggeswood^, pertaining to the village of 
Kidlington and the church of Swerford and chapel of Senewell, left to 
them by the said John de Gray in his last will. The confirmation of 
this bequest by the Suzerain is as follows : — 

* Henry d'Oiley, the Constable of the King, grants to Oseney all that 
wood in Kidlington called Coggeswood, which they hold of the gift of John 
de Gray, Bishop of Norwich, which the said Henry gave to the said John ^' 

It was this cousin John de Gray that the King fixed upon to fill the 
vacant see of Canterbury. For some reason not mentioned, the Pope 
objected to this choice, and directed the monks of Canterbury to elect 
Stephen Langton. At this news the King's anger knew no bounds, 
he caused his cousin to be proclaimed Archbishop in Canterbury Cathe- 
dral, and banished all the monks. The Pope replied by placing the 
Kingdom under an ' Interdict ' until the King should submit. 

iao8. The people must now have rejoiced in the privilege of their 
Canons, which permitted them to attend Divine Service, although in a 
private manner and divested of all pomp, in their church of Kidling- 
ton, while the King in his palaces of Woodstock and Beaumont was 
refused all religious rites. The * Interdict ' lasted for five years, until 
at last King John submitted to the Pope's choice of an Archbishop, 
and he placed his cousin, John de Gray, Bishop of Norwich, in 
Ireland, where he died, holding the post of Lord Deputy. 

1214. The Interdict being taken oflF the land, Henry d'Oiley 
hastened to celebrate the marriage of his only child Maud, the 
daughter of his first wife, with a Flemish Knight named Maurice de 
Gaunt He endowed her with the manor of Weston-on-the-Green, 
which he had purchased, with the reservation of so much as he had 
already given to the church. Maud died very young and childless, 
whereupon her father demanded the return of her dowry. Maurice de 
Gaunt refused this demand, and brought the case before the law-courts 
in Oxford, where it was decided in his favour in 1 220'. Ten years later 
he made over the manor to the King in a deed signed at Portsmouth. 
Probably he took the ' Cross,' or went on one of the expeditions to 
France then so frequent As second wife Henry d'Oiley took 

* Oxford Charten, 387 ♦. Coggeswood Gray ; also Chartnlary of Osney, C. C 
11 between Ensham and Witney. It p. 44. Hawisia, sister of John de 
Tfras indnded in the Bailywick of Kid* Gray, was also a benefactress to Osney ; 
lington under the Abbey. see Wood, ed. Clark, vol. a, p. 199. 

* Wood, MSS. F. 13, and Playfair's » White Kennet, vol. i, pp. 267 and 
Family Antiquity, 1809, vol. i, under 293. 



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THE FEE OF D'OILEY. 5 

Matilda, the daughter and coheiress of the Earl of Ewe in NormandyS 
and who in her widowhood married William de Cantelupe, of whom a 
few words must be said; as his wife brought him the town of 
Kidlington in dower. William de Cantelupe' was the head of a 
powerAil Norman family, and father to Thomas, Chancellor of Eng- 
land, and grandfather to Thomas, the sainted Bishop of Hereford. 
At this time he was Steward of the King's household, and in the 
quarrel which arose between King John and the Pope he adhered to 
his master's cause. When the King by his tyranny drove the Barons 
to rebellion, Henry d'Oiley and Cantelupe took theu: side, and were 
instrumental in calling Louis of France into England. 

1315. Henry d'Oiley was one of the Barons who forced John to sign 
Magna Charta at Runnymede, and in consequence, all his lands were 
confiscated for two years, and during that time they were enjoyed by 
a favourite of the King's. D'Oiley and Cantelupe both returned to the 
King's party, die former to receive back his own estate, while the 
second did not scruple to accept the forfeited estates of some of his 
less fortunate comrades. During these troubles Kidlington must have 
been the scene of frequent raids and military demonstrations. The 
Barons with their followers were assembled at Brackley ', and the King 
held his Court at Beaumont Palace, near Oxford, and all the negotia- 
tions would be carried on by envojrs and heralds, passing and 
re-passing over Kidlington Green. The old manor house must have 
often rung with the clamour of men-at-arms, and many a rough word 
passed and hard blow parried around its precincts. 

We now leave warlike scenes and turn to see the endeavours made 
by the Church to restore order, and remedy the abuses which had 
crept in during the late troubles. 

1222. This year is famous for the Council held at Osney * by the 
Archbishop, in which St. George was chosen Patron of England. The 
state of the various parishes was considered, and a fixed stipend 
determined for the resident clergyman. Until now the outlying 
parishes seem to have been served by clergymen residing within the 
Abbies, and making their rounds or stations at various times. Now a 
more stable arrangement was come to, and a fixed yearly sum out of 

* AnnaU of Osney, Gough NichoUs, Warwick, Hereford, and Leicester. 

MS. No. 32 ; d'Oiley Pedigree. Borke's Extinct Peerage, p. 107. 

' William de Cantelupe was Go- » White Kennet, vol. 1, p. 253. 

vcmor of the Castles of Wilton and * Annales Monastic!, Rolls Scries, 

Hereford, and Sheriff of the counties of Osney. 



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6 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

the tithes was set apart for a resident Vicar, and from this arose, 
what became later on, Perpetual Vicarages. 1225. The first notice 
we find of a chaplain appointed to Kidlington is in this year, when 
one Thomas * was presented by the Abbey to the church. 1227. Two 
years later the greater tithes were appropriated by the Monastery*. 

The life of Henry d'Oiley was now drawing to a close ; age was 
growing upon him, and prompted probably by his own infirmities, he 
made his last gift in favour of the sick in the Abbey infirmary. 

1229. The tithes of his demesne and of his men tenants in the 
manors of Kidlington, Weston, and Claydon', he gave in their favour 
to procure such things as were necessary for their comfort Many 
years previously he had exchanged the garden in Kidlington* with 
the Abbey for the tithes of Claydon ; by this fresh endowment Osney 
gained both. The church of Kidlington must have been re-built 
during the life of Henry d'Oiley, and after the peace of the Kingdom had 
been restored. The beautiful north door known as the * Batchelor's 
door,' and the arches of the nave are referred by Mr. J. Parker to the 
year 1220'. 

1232. Henry d'Oiley's death happened in this year, and according 
to the agreement, entered into forty years before, with the Convent of 
Osney, he was buried with all possible solemnity in their church •. With 
him ended the line of the great feudal Barons d'Oiley of Hook Norton; 
his sister Margery, Countess of Warwick, was found to be his heiress. 
Matilda, his widow, as wife of William de Cantelupe, long survived 
him. She brought to her second husband 'the whole Town of 
Kidlington which is of the Fee of D'Oiley '.' As a benefactor to 
the Abbey, Cantelupe received due honours at their hands at his 
death in 1250, and ten years later the Lady Matilda de Cantelupe was 
laid to rest beside him in the Abbey church, leaving behind her a 
memory of good deeds •. 

* Presentation of Chaplain, Annals, villam de Cndlyngton, qne est de dote 
ui supra. Matildis uxoris ejus de feod d'Oylley.' 

''' Tithes appropriate, Annals, ut Dagdale, MSS., No. 6493, A. a, p. 

supra. 313. 

3 Annals, ut supra, " * 1250. This year died Lord William 

* See p. 3. do Cantelupe et jacent viscera ejus apud 

• Parker*8 Deanery of Woodstock. Osneam coram altari St. Michaelis.' 

• Annales Monastic!, u.s. his father '1360, ist March, died in good memory 
also was buried in the same church. Lady Matilda de Cantelupe,* Annales 

' *Will de Cantelupe tenet totam Monastici, u.s. 



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THE FEE OF D'OILEY. 7 

Names of those owing military service, and from whom they 

HOLD (in OXON), about THE END OF HeNRY III. AND BEGINNING OF 

Edward L 

* Fee of d'Oilley. 

William de Cauch holds in Kudlinton of this Fee and service from 
William Langhals who holds three virgates from the same \* 

This land must have been somewhere about Campsfield. 

* Hundred of Wotton, Kensington. William Langhals holds of the 
same Fee three virgates of land from William Cantilupe belonging to 
Cudelinton'.' 

PEDIGREE OF THE FAMILY OF D'OILEY. 

Arms. 

1. ITOiUy. — Or, two bends azare. 

2. Basse/.— Argtntj two bars nnde sable. 

3. PUssets. — Argent) six annalets siiles. 

4. 0>»i^»^.— Gules, three fleur-de-lys or. 

5. Maudutt.—Or^ two ban gules. 

o. Beauckamp.—GvAcs. a fesse between six cross-crosslets or. 

7. Sandford.—AxaTe^ three lionceU rampant or. 

8. Segrave.—SaAA^ a lion rampant argent, crowned or, a flenr-de-lys upon his shoulder. 
This coat also appeared in one window without the differential fleur-de-lys. Trobably for two 
members of the family. 

These coats of arms were all in the church at Kidlington, and are to be found several times 
repeated in Wood's MSS. 

Robert d'Oiley, died iioo^ 
He gave the church of Kidlington I buried at Abingdon, 
to St. George's in the Castle. | Succeeded by his nephew 
Robert, who died in 1 157, 
Founder of Osney. I buried at Eynsham. 
I Succeeded by his son 
Henry =t= Maud Bohun. 
He transferred all the endowments of St. | dan. of Earl of Hereford. 
Georee'a to Osney and gave them ' Frees ' 
and Water Eaton. Died 1163. 

(and) (ist) I (ist) | (and) 

Pliilippa=HenryNewburgh"=PMargerydatt. ap. Sibyl =y= Henry=Matnda,d.and^TO.heirese 

Thomas, E of 
Warwick, s. p. s. p. de Gaunt. 



T- : Maud 1 
dan. of I 



Basset Earl of Warwick 
a. p. 



T 



of Count of Ewe. 
She married sndly 
I I William de Cantelupe. 

Thomas, B. of Maud = Maurice 



(and) (i^ 

^ohn Marshall = Margeiy, Countess = lohn Flessets =t= Christian Sani 
usband assumed ot Warwick, Sheriff of Oxon, I 



the title of Earl of a. p. died 1263. I ,. 

Warwick. Hu^h =p Isabel de Ripania, 



WarwiCIC nugn -j- laaoci ue xvij|mnia, 

Eari of Warwick, niece to Philijppa 
Waleran, Earl of Warwick. died laoi, Basset (see above). 

I buried at Osney. | 



enry W 
.ofW. 



E. ofW. as above. 



William Mauduit, 
Earl of Warwick, s. p. 



jsney. 
rgery Segrave 

of Hanslape.' 



I ] Margery Segrave == Hugh, Knt. 

Henry Newburgh, Ahce =p Will Mauduit, 

., ^. , o" * 

Annabel = Jolin Christian ^ John Segrave, 



T 



Annaoei = jonn ».,nnauan -r- ^ 

Segrave. died 1325. 

_ , » L I Stephen S<»grave =: Alice AmndeL 

Bcauchamp, = Isabel. H^ ^^ ^^ ^^ Tournament 

Earl of Warwick. ^^ Dunstable, and there wore 

these arms upon his shield, 
2nd &1. II. 
(see above). 

* Testa de Nevil, p. loi, b * u. s. p. 103. 



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HISTORY OF KIDUNGTON. 



II. — Family of Basset. 

Some account of this family wiU be useful here, showing their 
connection with Plessets and Malets in Kidlington, and the influence 
they held over the neighbouring villages. 

n56. In the second year of Henry II., upon the death of Brien 
Fitz Count, and of Maud his wife, only child of Robert d'Oiley I., the 
' Honour' of Wallingford, of which Thrup was a member, fell again 
into the hands of the King, and remained in his keeping for some 
years. 

nsS. Gilbert Basset in this year received the manor of Bicester, 
which belonged to that 'Honour,' of the King. (n67.) His son Thomas 
was Sheriflf of Oxon, and was found upon enquiry to hold seven 
Knight's fees ; his cousins, Nicholas ten, Thurstan six and two parts 
of a seventh, Osmund one and a quarter, and Fulk one Kiiight's fee, 
all of the same * Honour.' 

n74 & nyg. Thomas Basset, Lord of Bicester, Wretcwick and 
Stratton, was constituted one of the King's Justices Itinerant for 
Berks and Oxon, and for his special services in divers wars Henry II. 
gave him the Lordship of Hedenton, with the Hundred of Bullingdon 
and the Hundred without the North Gate of Oxford, in fee farm, for 
the rent of £20 per annum to the King's Exchequer. From this 
grant this branch of the family was known as Basset of Headington, 
and the third part of the Hundred of the North Gate was called 
•Basset's Fee V 

n8a. This Thomas left three sons, Gilbert, Thomas, and Alan, 
and one daughter. Gilbert had his mansion at Bicester, and in this 
year founded there the Priory of Augustine Canons known as St. 
Eadburgha's. His only child Eustace, was first married to Thomas de 
Verdon, Lord of Hethe, and secondly to Richard Camville of Middle- 
ton Stoney. The manor of Kirtlington was given to Gilbert of 
Wycomb, son of Alan Basset. Gilbert of Bicester was Sheriflf of 
Oxon, and died in 1202. His brother Thomas succeeded to his 

^ This is drawn substantially from White Kennet. He adds, 'now in the 
possession of Brozennoae College.' Vol. i> pp. I7iy i79) 183. 



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THE FEE OF IfOILEY. g 

manor of Headington and to his Shrievalty ; and his daughter Eustace 
to all his other manors. 

1305. Now died Waleran de Newburgh, fourth Earl of Warwick, 
leaving his son Henry a minor, committed with all his lands and his 
castle of Warwick to the charge of Thomas Basset of Headington. 

iai8. In this year the King relinquished the Barony of Wallingford 
in favour of his brother Richard, Earl of Cornwall, and a consequent 
readjustment of the grants of all subsidiary manors took place. 
Thomas Basset at this time was Sheriff of Oxon and Berks, and was 
assessed at the sum of £42 los, in Headington, and £20 for the fee 
fsLrm in the said Honour. 

In the course of a few years the Earl of Warwick married Margery, 
sister and eventually heiress of Henry d'Oiley, and in second marriage 
he took Philippa the daughter of his guardian, Thomas Basset. To 
his child of his first marriage descended his tide and the Honour of 
Hook Norton. Philippa, Countess of Warwick, his widow, died widi- 
out issue, and was buried in the Priory of Bicester. Her niece by her 
sister Juliana de Ripariis (Rivers), married Hugh Plessets, and inherited 
Headington and all her honours. A third sister Alice was married 
to William Malet, and had Deddington for her dower. Of her family 
we find evidence that they held land in Kidlington, and the following 
notice will show in what position they stood in regard to the family of 
Croxford, which frequently appears in our records. 

1994. * Robert Malet, son and heir of Robert Malet, who says he is of 
fiill age, complains that he is dispossessed of 4 acres in Cudlington, of 
which his hther died seised, through Idonea, who was the wife of Walter 
de Croxed, who recovered the land against Robert after he- came of age, 
&c., and because it is clear that his father died seised of this land, therefore 
the King seised it again into his own hand V 

By looking at the annexed pedigree, it will be seen that Alice 
Basset married William Malet The interest in Kidlington held by 
the above-named Robert Malet, probably was derived from her. The 
name does not again appear in connection with this place. 

* Pladtomm Abbreyiatio (Mich. Tenn, 23 Edward I. • 1394), voL a, p. 299. 



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lO HISTORY OF KIDUNGTON. 

PEDIGREE OF THE BASSET FAMILY, 
SHOWING THE DESCENT FROM THEM OF THE PLBSSETS AND MALETS. 

Arms. 
Amm/.— Ain^ent, two bora vxAh sable. 

Gilbert Basset =;= Alice Danstanville 
Lord of Waliing- 
ford and Bicester. 



^T 



Thomas =f= 
Sheriff of Oxon. 
He had the erant of the 
manor of Headingtoa 
from the King. 



Thomas of HcadingtOD, Gilbert of Bicester, lyS Alan=p daughter = Albert de GrcUe. 
Sheriff of Oxon Sheriff of Oxon, I | 

and Berks. died iao2. I Gilbert of Wycomb. 

Thos. de Verdon = Eustace = Richard Camvtlle, 
Lord of Hethe. of Middleton Stony. 



Fhihppa = 2nd wife to Hen. Newburph, Juliana ^ de Ripariis Alice = Will. Malet, 
Earl of Warwick. ( or Rivers, who had 



T 



Deddington. 
Isaliella = Hugh de Pleasets. 

III.— The Family of Plessets. 

The first section closed with the death of Henry d'Oiley, the second 
of the name, leaving Kidlington as the dowry of his widow, who 
survived until 1260, The Honours of the Barony of Hook Norton 
devolved upon Margery d'Oiley, wife to Henry Newburgh, Earl of 
Warwick, and descended to their daughter Margery, Countess of 
Warwick, in her own right, and wife to John Mareschal, who assumed 
the Earldom through her, her brother Thomas, Earl of Warwick, 
dying s. p^. He paid as succession duty to his uncle £100 and two 
Palfreys. 

The Barony being now in female hands, was considered by the 
feudal law as in wardship to the King, and was at his disposal when- 
ever he desired to enrich a favourite. The occasion for such an 
exercise of regal power soon arose in this case, when John Mareschal 
died, and left his wealthy widow in the King's hands. 

1227. Upon the 6th November in the 12 th year of Henry III., a 
servant m the King's household, of Norman birth, John de Plessets 
by name, was delivered out of Newgate Prison *. The cause of his 
unprisonment and his lowly birth were soon forgotten, and, safe in 

* Bnrke's Ext Peerage, p. 395. 27th Report Dep. Keeper of Records, 

* Close Rolls Calendar. 23rd to p. 81. 



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THE FEE OF D'OILEY. 1 1 

his lord's good graces, riches and power were soon his. He served 
the King in the Welsh wars, where he met William de Cantelupe and 
the other Barons of these parts, awaiting the King at Montgomery *. 
He passed from one post of honour to another, and held the Castle of 
Devizes, the Forest of Chippenham, and the office of Sheriff of Oxon*. 
He married Christian, the daughter and heiress of Hugh de Sandford, 
a Knight of Buckinghamshire. 

1240. The Abbot of the Convent of Missenden in the same county, 
in a deed signed, amongst others, by William de Cantelupe, gave him 
a lease of all his lands in Muswell, which is in the manor of Pidding- 
ton, for the yearly payment of two marks and for twenty marks in 
hand'. Missenden and Piddington will occur again in our history. 
About this time Christian Sandford died, and her son Hugh Plessets 
succeeded, in the lifetime of his father, to part of her estates in Morton 
and Wittenham, Berks*. In this year also died John Mareschal, styled 
by courtesy Earl of Warwick, in right of his wife Margery Newburgh, 
and the King lost no time in showing new favours to his friend. 
Being at the time at Bordeaux, he there issued * letters patent * upon 
Christmas Day, granting the hand of the rich widow to John de 
Pkssets, and making provision that in the case of her refusal he should 
receive the fines payable to the King". The Archbishop of York, the 
Bishop of Carlisle, and William de Cantelupe, received the royal man- 
date to repair to the Countess and lay before her the Sovereign's wish. 
The embassy was successful, Margery accepted the hand of de 
Plessets, and in the 31st year of King Henry III., he assumed the tide 
of Earl of Warwick. Six years later we read how the King granted 
Hook Norton and Cudlington to John de Plessets, 

'which were the inheritance of Henry d'OUey. as an escheat of the 
Normans, to have and to hold till such time as all the land of England and 
of Normandy should be made common •.* 

Plessets founded a branch of his family in Dorsetshire, by obtaining 
the wardship of Ela de Malesmaines of Combe Bisset, and marrying 
her to a relation of his own'. 

* Exchequer Records. to go in the King's service.' Calendar 

• laHenyllL, 3rdSept. 'Command of Close Rolls, asrd to 37th Rep. of 
is given to Walter de Bello Campo, Dep. Keeper, p. 74. 

Henry de Staff, "Walter de Dunchville, * White Kennet, vol. i, p. 318. 

Thomas Maudit, William de Cante- * Dugdale's Baronage, vol. I, p. 773. 

hipc, John de Balun, Hugh de Gumey, • Burke's Extinct Peerage, p. 434. 

Walter de Baskerville, Nicholas de • Camden's Britania. See Appendix. 

Verdun, to come to the King at Mont- ^ Hutchins' Dorset, vol. 3, p. 579. - 
gomery with horses and armS| prepared > 



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12 HISTORY OF KIDUNGTON. 

1263. Shortly before his death he vas made one of the Justices 
Itinerant to sit at the Tower, and Sheriflf for the counties of Warwick 
and Leicester*. The Abbey of Missenden received his body, and all 
his territorial honours descended to his son Hugh, by Christian 
Sandford*. The Earldom of Warwick upon the decease of the 
Countess reverted to her cousin William Mauduit, of Hanslape, who 
assumed the title of Earl of Warwick. 

Hugh Plessets I. 

The Barony and the estates which John de Plessets obtained with 
his wife the Countess of Warwick, descended to his son Hugh. 

1264. In April of the forty-eighth year of Henry III., Hugh did 
homage to the King for the Baronies of Hook Norton^ Kidlington^ 
and Bradham, and paid the fine of £100 for his relief ^ 

1279. During the early part of his life, and probably before his 
marriage, while these affairs were being transacted, he resided at 
Kidlington, and at his manor house there he signed a deed, upon the 
first Sunday after the Epiphany, by which he granted all his lands in 
Muswell to John Fitz Nigel of Borstall, for the yearly rent of two 
marks. This payment was commuted later on for the nominal rent 
of one clove, to be paid at Missenden upon Christmas Day*. 

The Bishop allowed Hugh de Plessets the right of a private chapel 
in his manor house, but upon the express stipulation between him 
and the Abbot of Osney, that his Chaplain should not pretend to any 
parochial rights or dues, and that all things should be adjusted without 
prejudice to the mother church*. The will of a great feudal Lord 
of these times was well nigh absolute in his domain, acknowledging 
no superior except the King. The right over life and limb of all 
their tenanls was very usual, and we find the name of Hugh de 
Plessets returned in the ' Hundred Rolls ' for the county, 

'as having Gallows upon his land and view of Frankpledge over his own 
men, without the Sheriff or other Bailiflfe of the Crown, but by what 
authority we know not, and he holds in domain a carucates of land for 
supplying to the Lord the King the service of one Knight in time of war 
for 40 days at his own cost V 

' Burke, ils., p. 395. Ponre, Galfridus de Burton, John Fitz 

* White Kennet, vol. x, p. 367. Nigel senior, Walter de Horton, Nicho- 

' Amongst those who signed this las le Bran. White Kennet, vol. i, 

deed were Dominus Robert Malet, pp. 412-415. 

Dominus John Carbonel, Dominns * W. Kennet, vol. a, p. aSi. 

Fetro de Calivis, Dominus William le ' The gallows probably stood at the 



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THE FEE OF D' 01 LEY. 13 

A list of the tenants or villains follows, closing with the words : — 

* All these tenants hold their possessions, carry on their business and re- 
deem their children at their Lord's wilP*' 

List of Tenants under Hugh de Plessets ['Hundred Rolls'). 

ViLLENAGE. 

Matilda le Quen holds half a virgate of land of Hugh de Plessets, 
pays for the same per annum 2s. 6d. (All the following tenants pay 
at the same uniform rate), Alice le Retour, Andrew Stub, William 
Stub, Henry Budd, Simon le Slepar, Fulc' Ernald, John Juvenis, 
Elias le Wyse, John le Rug, William Aylon, John Pye, Henry de la 
Lake, William Andrew, John Cocus, John le Wyse, Henry de 
Herdwyk, Galfridus Gorge, Wymarc de Annelowe, John de Annelowe, 
William Hilling, Alice (relict of Hilling), Agnes (relict of Pye), Agnes 
(relict of Gerard), John Randulf, Agnes Clappe, Henry le Gek, 
Radulph le Yreys, Radulph le Coupe, Wymond, Nich. Piscator, 
John at Forde, Adam Carcutari, John le Moyne, Roger Lovel, 
Matilda (relict of Gardiner), William Ketel, Richard Bodde, Henry 
Ketel, John Walter, Oliva ate More. 

Hugh de Plessets contracted a marriage with Isabel de Ripariis 
(Rivers), the niece and heiress of Philippa Basset, Countess of War- 
wick, and, as her dowry, obtained the manor of Headington, the 
Hundred of Bullingdon, and the old Hundred without the North Gate 
of Oxford. Of this matter notice will be taken further on. 

laSo. From what we can learn, Plessets lived at Headington some- 
time after his marriage, and rendered himself unpopular with his 
people, and he was impleaded by them at Westminster for infringing 
their rights and abridging their ancient customs. These rights were 
confirmed to the men of Headington in three several years by Acts 
of Parliament*. It is probably owing to this circumstance that 
Plessets exchanged with the King the manor of Headington for that 
of Compton Henmersh and £200 down, and towards the accomplish- 
ment of this agreement he pledged his manors of Hook Norton, 

extreme edge of the manor adjoining ^ A list of tenants in Kidlington, from 

Wolvercote ; a piece of ground in the * Hnndred Rolls,' voL a, p. 873. 

Frice farm (over which nms the branch See Appendix. 

line of the L. and N. W. Railway to * Confirmed to the people 29 and 31 

Yamton) is called npon a farm map, £d. Ill and 16 Rich. II. 

' Hangman's ground.' 



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14 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

Cudelynton, and Missenden*. These matters settled, Plessets led 
his retainers into Scotland in the King's service. Of what befel 
him there we are ignorant, but he returned home and died in 
the fifty-fourth year of his age (lagi), and was buried at Osney, where 
many years later old Leland saw, in the Ladye chapel, the *fair 
tumbe of a nobleman of the Placet's family, with an Image V 

Before going on with the history of the Plessets, we must here 
mention a matter of domestic interest in Kidlington, and one which 
refers in all probability to a site which may even now be identified, 
and which has still kept a lingering tradition of its original use. In 
1267 Peter de M61es granted to William Sutton, Abbot of Osney, a 
certain mede or mere, free from all claims, with his garden and all 
belonging to it, in the town of Cudlington. This mede adjoined the 
mills belonging to the Abbey in the south part of the town, near the 
water. Upon this property was a charge of M, in the year, to be 
paid to the church for the maintenance of a burning lamp before the 
Crucifix in the church, for the repose of the soul of Henry d'Oiley, 
and of all Christian souls'. This gift was confirmed by Sir Hugh 
Plessets, and later on it will be seen that the lamp was still burning 
when the chantries were suppressed in Edward VI's reign. 

1268. The King, Henry III., upon the 12th July, gave a charter 
of * Freewarren ' to Osney in all their lands and lordships, including 
Hampton, Eton, and Weston. At that time the Abbot held 8 acres 
in Hampton ad Pontem of the gift of one Daniel de Cudlyington, in 
'free and perpetual alms*.' The privilege of 'Freewarren' was 
the ancient form of the right of preserving game upon estates, and 
was as follows : The person who obtained this grant was free to 
preserve all game, hare, coney, partridge, pheasant, and any person 
infringing this right and poaching was liable to a fine of £10 *. 

1291. Towards the close of the lifetime of Hugh de Plessets, the 
King, Edward I., prepared to go on a Crusade. The project of 
rescuing the Holy Sepulchre from the hands of the Infidels found 
favour with all Christian peoples, and was especially encouraged by 
the Popes, who used every means in their power to advance the holy 

* Dugdale's Baronage, il8. firmed by Will. Fitz Obert, Lord of 
' Leland^s Itinerary, vol. a. that Fee. 

' Chartulary of Osney, p. 43. * White Kennet, vol. x, p. 35a 

* Annals, ut supra. This was con- 



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THE FEE OF D'OILEY. 



15 



wars. The Church property was taxed for this purpose, and upon 
this occasion Pope Nicholas IV. granted to Edward I., Tenths of all 
such property in England and Wales. A new valuation was made in 
order to increase the amount as far as possible, and a Commission 
appointed to take the Depositions upon oath of all who held the same. 
Under this valuation the Abbey lands in this parish were found to be 
worth : — 



Water Eaton . . Lands, rents and fisheries . . . 916 
Fruits, flocks and cattle • . • i 8 

Kidlington • • Lands, rents, meadows and mills . 3 la 

The church a6 13 

(Portion of Abbot in church • • 13 



8 
o 

4 
4 
4)* 



The King being gone abroad, a party of Knights went out to join 
him under royal license and special letters of Protection ; they took 
with them Master Godfrey de Kidlington, who doubdess acted as 
Clerk or Chaplam to the party *. 

Hugh Plessets IL 

1393. Hugh Plessets succeeded his father, being at the time twenty- 
five years of age. He did homage for the Barony of Hook Norton, 
within which was the manor of Chesterton, held by Sir Bardolph de 
Chesterton for half a Knight's fee'. 

1297. About this ume he gave to the Abbey of Osney, the tax upon 
hay and houses, and leave to feed swine in all his woods and parks *. 

1299. In the twenty-fifth of Edward L, de Plessets received 
summons to Parliament as a Baron of the Realm ". 

1301. He followed the King to the Scotch wars, and was not more 
fortunate there than his royal master, for he died in Scodand, leaving 
his child of tender age. ShorUy before his death he executed a deed 
which is sdll preserved with his seal attached*, leaving to the King 
in trust for his son Thomas during his minority, certain lands in 



* Pope NichoW Taxation. Thelatter 
entry is from Annals of Osney. 

• These Knights were John Fitz John, 
John de Neville, John le Breton,Thomas 
de Stapleton, with others, and Master 
Godfrey de Kidlington. Patent Rolls, 
Ed. I, Calendar of Dep. Keeper of 
Records, 4and Report, p. 557. 



* White Kennet, vol. i, p. 450. 

* Ibid. 470. 

• Burke's Extinct Peerage, p. 434. 

• This deed was preserved in the 
Chapter House, Westminster, with his 
seal attached, argent, 6 annulets gules 
(Oxford Bag, No. a8). Annals, u.s. 



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j6 history of kidlington. 

Kidlington, Hook Norton, and Missenden^ This trust with the 
King would seem to show that de Piessets died in his companion- 
ship, and did not fall in battle. 

Margaret, his widow, was left with a dowry in Oxfordshire, and in 
the Post Mortem Inquisition following, her name is returned : — 

'Margaret, the wife of Hugh Plescy, Hognorton manor, of lands usurped 
there; Hedinton manor; Bolindon Hundred; Hundred of North Gate 
and the manor of Compton Henmersh *.' 

Some dispute seems to have arisen about the manor of Headington, 
which we remember to have been exchanged with the Kjng for the 
manor of Compton, by Hugh Piessets I. The Sheriflf of the County, 
Nicholas de la Persch, caUed an Inquisition at Oxford to enquire into 
the matter, and to show how the Manor had been alienated from the 
Crown, The Jury returned upon Oath that King Henry had given 
the said manor, &a, to Thomas Basset and his heirs for ever*. We 
do not find how Margaret de Piessets was able to claim bo^h manors 
of Headington and Compton. Two years were occupied in a trial 
about lands in Hook Norton (perhaps the usurped lands above 
mentioned), when John de Segrave petitioned in favour of Margaret 
Piessets in the matter of dowry *. We hear no more of Margaret 
nor of her son Thomas, and as their names do not appear in 
any subsequent returns, we may infer that Thomas died in infancy. 

1337. Another Hugh Piessets follows, and in the second year of 
Edward III. held the manors of Cudlyngton and Hook Norton. Of 
his wife we only know that her name was Milicent *. 

We have now arrived at a period when the personal influence of 
the great feudal Lords seems to have been relaxed, and the power of 
the Abbey of Osney becomes more prominent. The fortunes of the 

' Inq. Post Mort taken 39 Ed. I., cond of the name, v. vol. I, p. 50a. 

' Hugo de Ple«8etis, Cndelington maner* * Inq. Post Mortem, 

extent' ampla Hognorton man* ex- ' Calendariom genealogicum, vol. a, 

tent/ This deed was executed in 1305, p. 697, 33 Ed. I. 

and was signed by Dom. John de Vesey, * White Kennet, vol. i, pp. 499 and 

Ottone de Grandissono, Robert de 50a. This little pedigree will show the 

Tipetot, Stephen de Pencastre, &c. family relationship between Segrave and 

White Kennet appears to confuse Piessets, and how the Segrave arms came 

Hugh Piessets the first with the se- iiito the Kidlington windows : — 

John de Segrave <= Christian Hease^ 

dan. of Sir HTngh de Plesaeta. 
His sister, Her brother. 

Annabel Segrave « John de Piessets. 

Burke's Extinct Peerage, p. 477. 

» Sir. R. Colt Hoarc's Modem Wiltshire. 



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THE -FEE OF D'OILEY. 17 

Plessets must be followed in Wiltshire, where it will be remembered 
a branch of the family had been established at Combe Bisset. The 
manor of Kidlington seems to have been henceforward let to younger 
members or dependants of the family. 

The Church of Kidlington was in great part rebuilt during the 
early part of this century, still leaving the framework of the nave and 
the north door which date from the time of Henry d'Oiley. The 
beauty of the work may in all likelihood be attributed to Thomas de 
Cudlyngton, who was elected Abbot of Osney on the 6th August, 
1330, and who doubtless fostered a love for his native village. 
Thomas de Cudlington brought prosperity to his house, his election 
was celebrated by the restitution by Charter^ from the King of the 
temporalities of the Monastery, lost we know not how. He was 
the builder of the Lady Chapel at Osney, and to him is owing the 
beaudiul south or Lady Chapel at Kidlington, the south porch and ' 
the font. » He was a man of singular energy of. character, and during 
his long reign of forty-four years as Abbot, he eviiiced the greatest 
activity in building and in regulating the affairs of his Convent. 

1336. The church was probably opened upon completion in the 
summer of this year, as we find that Bishop Burgwash was in 
Kidlington in June, and from this place dated a letter in reference to 
a chapel in Oxford '. {31st May or 2nd of calends of Jime.) 

1335. It was the custom for the mitred Abbots of the Middle Ages 
to sit in Parliament as Barons, this Thomas de Cudlyngton refused 
to do, whereupon the King summoned a council to ascertain the 
grounds of his refusal. The enquiry seems to have lingered on for 
some years, and we find the matter again canvassed in 1349-50. 

1350. At length a final decision was arrived at, viz. that the Abbot 
held the manors of Water Eaton, Thrupp, Gosfbrd, Weston, and 
Hampton by the service of two Knights' fees of Hugh de Plescy, and 
through him of the King, therefore the Abbots of Osney were not 
Peeral Abbots, and held no fee in Barony of the King*. In con- 
sequence of this decision Thomas de Cudlyngton was excused attend- 
ance at Parliament. Something, however, must have been lost in 

' Oxford Charters 53, dated at Stam- No. a 2, Bod. Lib. This is allndcd to 

ford, 9th Aug., 4 Edw. Ill ; three days in Wood, vol. 2, p. 210. To show 

after Uie Election. the importance of this Abbey, Wood 

• Wood, ed. Clark, vol. a, p. 515. mentions that the Doke of Suffolk 

This chapel was that of St. Bartho- was their perpetual chief steward and 

lomew at Cowley. received an annual pension from them. 

' Amials of Osney. Cough NichoUs, ed. Clark. 



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1 8 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

independence during this transaction, when it is remembered that 
Henry d'Oiley in 1182 gave his lands in Water Eaton to the 
monastery * free of all service/ 

Thb Ninths. 

1340. The tax of the ' Ninths ' was levied in all the land while 
these afifairs were going on. This was a tax upon Temporalities 
granted to the King, Edward III., in aid of the subsidy required by 
him for his expedition into France. In the year 1340 the King 
assumed the tide of King of France, and this assumption flattering 
the vanity of the nation, Parliament, in order to show their approval 
and satisfaction, passed the following grant — 14 Ed. III., stat. i, 
c. 20 : — 

'The Prelates, Earls, Barons and all the Commons of the ReaUn grant 
to him the 9th lamb, 9th fleece and the 9th Sheaf, to be taken by two 
years then to come. And of the Cities and Boroughs the very 9th part of 
all their goods and chattels to be taken and levied by lawful and reasonable 
tax by the same two years. And for foreign merchants and all who dwell 
not in Cities nor Boroughs or live not of their goods and chattels the 15th 
part' 

This latter claim was made in order to include all tinkers, gipsies, 
and all manner of vagabonds ^ It is curious to remark that when 
Pope Nicholas granted the tax upon Church property, a new valuation 
was ordered in order to raise the amount as high as possible ; now that 
all the laity had to pay, the opposite feeling seems to have prevailed, 
and a declaration is made upon oath that tithes, heriots and oblations 
were fallen in value. We read for Kidlington as follows : — 

Inquisitiones nonarum, page 137. Cudelynton. 

'The parish church of the same with all its portions is rated at 
j^a6 1 3 J. 4 J. of which (the ninths) were assessed at £^\ 6j. 8</., as is 
clear from the inquiry held under the oath of John Philip, John Campion, 
Richard de la Chaumbre, John ate Mulle, John Frankeleyne, Adam Fitz 
Robert ate Mulle, who say that the ninth of the said parish is not worth 
more than is afore written because the heriots, the oblations with other 
tenths are worth ;^io; nor are there as they say any catallars* or 
merchants.' 

' In Curia Scaccarii. Inq. non. com. chattels. In the Inq. nonanun the rate- 

Oxon, and from Dr. S3rmond's MS. in able value of the parish is often more 

possession of J. Davenport, Esq.jConnty than the assessed value of the ninths 

Office. because they were only levied on sheaf, 

■ * Catallar ' may mean owner of lamb, and fleece. 



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THE FEE OF D'OILEY. 19 

Grants of divers portions of land in Kidungton to Osnbt 
Abbey: — 

* William Fitz Thomas of Cudlington grants to the church of St. Mary 
of Osney a acres of land I had of the gift of William Wootton and one 
acre of land I had of the gift of William of Cudlington and \ an acre of 
land of William Fitzpeter of Emmington and one acre in the town field 
of Shipton that I had of William Toby \' 

*I, Walter Fitz John of Thrup grant to the church above named^ 
3 acres of land in Stodfield/ 
also land in Canaham for a lamp. 

* I, John, Fitz John Philips of Cotes grant to the above church vj acres 
of land in Cudlington and Stodfield/ 

and on the * fossa camiacete ' and on the ' Schelde.' 
Confirmation of the above by John Philips the fether. 
The *Bailyship' of Cudlington belonging to Osney, comprised 
the town of Cudlington, Gosford, Coggeswood, Thrup, Shipton, Ken- 
sington, and WithuU*. 

The following is the Bailiffs account for one year during the reign 
of Richard II., for : — 

' Rents in Cudlington. This is the rental to the Abbot and monastery 
of Osneye Abeye at Cudlington at the feste of Michaehnasse. 

Of Harri of HamhuUe for tithe of fisheries xiiij*. 

Of John of Croxford of John Hancockes . . . . vj*. 

Of William the Tailer of Thomas of W 

Of Nicole the levelif .... 

At Cudlington at the feste of Sainte Mariedai. 

Of John of Croxford ij» vj*. Of roger randulf xij*. 

Of John Hanecockes ij" vj<i. Of harri of hamhuUe for tithe of fisheries^ 
xiiij*. 

Of Nicole the levelif xviij<*. 

Cudlington at the feste of St John at midsomer. 

Of Nicole the levelif xviij*.' ' 

Agnes, daughter of Henry de Cama gives seven acres of land upon 

* Shaldestrete,' also other portions at *Hoges' towards *Greytones- 
more,' and at * Rambescote ' and at ' Femhulle ' and * Horndon ' and 

* Northfurze,' and one rood upon 'Hangyngelonde' and 'Berefurlong' 
and * Campsfield ' and * Redeslonde *.' 

* Shaldestrete ' appears to be the same as that called ' Salt street ' in 
the Terrier of 1634. Canaham still keeps its name, near the Mill. 

* Tomei's Coll. Oxon, vol 4, p. 276, » Oxford Charters, Osney Rolls 

c 45- 14- 

» Chartulary of Oscney, p. 41. * Osney Chartulary in C. C, p. 44. 

C % 



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%0 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

IV.— Other Families dependent upon or connected 

WITH the PLESSET FAMILY. 

1345. -^^ th^s date begins a series of various families which extends 
over a period of ninety years, and ending when Thomas Chaucer 
became Lord of the Manor of Kidlington. 

It would appear that Hugh de Plessets gave up his residence in 
Oxfordshire and returned to the early estate of his ancestor at Combe 
fiyset in Wiltshire, although still retaining his lordship in this county. 

Hugh de Plessets III., left a successor of the same name, but he 
does not appear to have held any personal relations with the parish. 
The widow Milicent (who married secondly Sir John Stonleigh) 
was with her sister Elizabeth, daughter of Alianora, wife to John 
Lennessey ^ Alianora in all probability was related to the Plessets, 
but how we cannot prove. Elizabeth was married to Sir Roger 
Ehnerugge, and after her death and that of her sister Milicent, the 
manor of Combe Byset, inter aliay was settled upon John Lennessey, 
their mother's husband, with remainder to his son John and his wife 
Johanna of Missenden. This glance at these family relations is 
necessary to explain the succession of tenants which follows. 

1345. This year Hugh Plessets was found to be possessed of 
Kidlington, Water Eaton, and twenty-two other manors in Oxford- 
shire *, and he in the same year enfeoffed John, the Parson of Hake- 
bourne, and John, the Parson of Emyngton with the whole of this 
manor, paying £10 to the King for license to do so. 

19th Ed. 3rd. * Hugo de Plecy finem fedt cum Rege pro decern libris pro 
licentia habenda quod ipse de Manerio sue de Cudlynton cum pertinent : 
in com: Oxon quod de Rege tenet in capite, feoffare possit Johanem 
Personam Ecclesiae de Hakeboume et Johannem Personam Ecclesiae de 
Emynton lieud' sub certa forma.* Rot. 34 '. 

1361. John Levesey or Lennessey and Alianora his wife were 
returned for Hogenorton, Cudlyngton in Oxon, Wittenham in Berkes 
and Combe Byset* in Wilts, and tjiey paid £40 fine for taking 
possession of the same '. 

^ Modem Wiltshire, Hundred of The confusion between the letters n 

Cawden, Sir Colt Hoare. and u in old writings may account for 

' Inquisitiones Post Mortem, vol. a. this name. Such a name as Lennessy 

* Abbrevatio rotulorum orig. Ed. does not appear in the armoury ; but in 

III, Rot. 34 and 49, pp. 176 and 268. 'Historic Peerage 'by Sir Harris Nicolas, 



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THE FEE OF D'OILEY. . %\ 

35th Ed. 3d. 'Johannes Lennessy dat quadraginta libras pro pardonatione 
adquisitionis maneriorum de Hoggenorton et Cudlyngton cum pertinen- 
tibus, in com : Oxon, qua, &c.' Rot. 49. 

1364. Hugh Plessets is again returned as feudal Lord of Kedeling- 
ton, and thirty-four other manors in this county ^. 

1366. In this year we find, * William Audele, Chalgrave, Herdwyk, 
Cotesford, Cudlyngton manors \' This William Audley was one of 
the family of the Earls of Gloucester, a branch of which gave their 
name to Stratton Audley. He was of Wolde in Northants, and of 
Aston Clynton in Bucks, and his wife Johanna was returned at her 
death in the seventh Richard II., as owning Herdwyk juxta Burcester 
and manor of Hogenorton. 

1374. John, son of John Lennessey, enfeoffed William Ford, Clerk, 
and others with the manors of Combe Byset, and Hognorton, 
Cudelyngton * remaining to him ^. 

1378. The manor was now in the hands of Elizabeth Elmerugge, 
cousin to John Lennessey and wife to Sir Roger Elmerugge, Bailiff 
for the Manor of Woodstock. According to the pedigree to be found 
in Sir Colt Hoare's, 'Modem Wiltshire,' Elizabeth and her sister 
Milicent were daughters of Alianora, wife of John Lennessey L, but 
following another, in Nichols', daughters of Euphemia Comyn of 
Savecombe in Hertfordshire, and of William de la Beche of Missen- 
den and Kidlington. From the evidence of the Beche arms in the 
windows of the church, this latter descent would seem the more 
probable. This Hertfordshire family of Comyn claimed the same 
ancestor with Comyn *the Red,' who was slain in the church of 
Dumfries. Their residence in Hertfordshire ensued from the Kings 
of Scotland being feudal lords of that part of the country. Elizabeth 
Elmerugge long survived her husband, and her twenty years' sojourn 
in Kidlington seems to have been marked by benefactions to the 
church, if we may so judge from the frequent repetition of her arms 
in the windows. 

1413. This year we find Elizabeth, wife of Philip la Vache*, in 
possession. Philip la Vache succeeded Roger Elmerugge as Bailiff to 

Richard Lord St Amand leaves a legacy ' Modem Wilts, Colt Hoare, Hun- 

tohis niece Leverseye, and the St. Amand died Cawden. 

and Beanchamp arms are in the church ' Nichols' Collectanea Topographica 

windows at Kidlington. et Genealogica, voL 5, p. 169. See 

' Inqoisitiones Post Mortem. pedigree. 



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2% HISTORY OF KIDUNGTON, 

Queen Johanna, second consort of Henry IV, for the manor of 
Woodstock^; his wife was possibly the same with Eleanor Clifford, 
daughter of Sir Lewis Clifford, whose will dated 1404 bequeaths 

'to Sir Philip la Vache my masse boke and my portoos* and my boke of 
tribulation to my daughter his wyf '.' 

1417. Three years later died Amicia, who had been wife to Robert 
Bardolf *, and relict of John Beverley of Buckinall. Her name was 
returned for Buckinhall, Codington, Kedilington, Stoklisle, Cokefield, 
Mapledurham*^, and other manors. It does not seem improbable 
that these two families of la Vache and Bardolf may have owed their 
residence in Kidlington to the favour of Queen Johanna. The Queen 
had the reversion of a third part of the confiscated property of the 
unfortunate Lord Bardolf of Wormegey in Norfolk, and she exercised 
her clemency in behalf of the daughters of the attainted nobleman 
(one of whom allied herself to the Cliffords, and a second to Sir 
William Phelip •), and of his younger relatives. 

1428. In a trial this year it was found that John la Vache was 
formerly seized of the manor of Hook Norton and that John Trillowe, 
Knight, was seized of Chesterton ; that Philip la Vache had given the 
manor of Hook Norton to Thomas Chaucer and his heirs, and that 
John Trillowe had acted in the matter as Attorney or Trustee for 
Chesterton^. From information tendered upon the same trial it was 
stated that la Vache held Hook Norton and Kidlington of the Fee of 
d'Oiley, and had previously held Woodstock and other manors in 
farm from the Queen. 

The mention of Chaucer in this trial introduces us to a fresh scene 
in our history, which we reserve for the following Section. 

^ Marshall's Woodstock, p. 104. issneless and is buried there, and a fine 
' Coweirs Law Dictionary (1737) brass is still to be seen to his memory 
gives this word as Porteos or Fortnas, in the chorch. The grandsons of Ami- 
signifying a Breviary; Chaucer has * For da by John Beverley were found to be 
on my Porthose I make an oath.* 'her heirs. 

Under this name the book is prohibited ^ Dnnkin's History and Antiquities of 

amongst others in 3 and 4 Edward VI. Hundreds of Bullingdon and Ploughley, 

• Collins* Peerage, vol. 7, p. 156. p. 197, 

* Robert Bardolf was the last of a * Burke's Extinct Peerage, p. 26, 
branch of the Wormegey Dunily which under Bardolf. 

settled at Mapledurham. He died ^ White Kennet, vol. 2, p. 261. 



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THE FEE OF D'OILEY. 23 

PEDIGREE OF ELMERUGGE OF ELMERUGGE, CO. WORCESTER, 
AND OF CROHAM, &c. CO. SURREY. 

f^wn Nicholi CoUutanea Topographica et Genealogua, vol. 5, p. 169. 

Arms. 
£/«Mritf2f«.— Checkr, azs^nt, and sable. 
Ds la &ck4.—\axrrty on a canton a garb. 
These coats of arms of Blmern^rge and de la Beche were in the windows of the church, 
according to Wood. The wheatsh^ in the canton in de la Beche is probably for Comyn. 

Ynardna de Blmerogge held foor parts of a knight's fee in Elmerngpe, co. Wor. && 
(Ythenardos) 3 parts ofa fee in Parsholl. (Stephen Fits Ynardi ; TesU de Neville, f. 131.) 
Stephen de Elmerngge held 5«. 3A of the 5th part ofa knight's fee in Blmemgge. (Testa de 

Roger de Blmenigge was Sheriff for Berks and Oxon daring the years Ed. III. 35, 40-41, 
41,47. (Fuller's Worthies.) 

Roger Elinbrig or Blmebmg^ armiger was appointed one of those who tendered the Oath 
of Allegiance in 1443. The family seuled at Croydon, Surrey (Nicholls at s.). 

*£lisabetha qae fait oxor Rogeri Blmeragge (Miasenden) Cadlington maner extent* CaL 
PtosLMortlnq:Rich.lL 

Nicholas de la Beche. Constable of the Tower of London, obtained the manor of Fiddington 
^ >337 (W. Kennet, vols, i and 2). 

Adam Elmeragge, Elmerogge hamlet, Wor., Tylleshope =;= 



Roger ramenigge, son and h. set a6, 1309 == Agnes Reynold de Blmerogge held 



Mawen Nichol m., Ryseberie Dykwe nu, 
CO. Heref. ; Blmerogge Villat etm.de 
Wichbolde, CO. Wor. (Esch. i Ed. IIL, 
1328) 



r 



land at Elmenuxe, wEd. III. 
(Nash). 

Bdmnnd Comyne of Savecombe: 
J ca Herts. 



Uary Eophemia == Will de la Beche. 



Sir Roger Elmerogge, son and heir, set 16, qp Elizabeth, daoghter and heiress of Eophe> 
13^ ; Elm. m., Wyche, co. Wor. ; Savecombe mia, sister and heiress to Mary Comyne, 

m,, CO. Herts. : Fakenham, Aspb m. co. . • ... ^-^ . . ^ 

Safil (Bm± 49 Ed. Ill, 1376) 



JoL 



son and heir, set 50 and apwarda. 



daughter and coheiress of Edmund Comyne 
of Savecombe by Will de la Beche of Mis- 
senden m. and adv. Bucks., Cadlington m., 
Oxon (Esch. 21 Rich. H, 1398). 



Several members of the family are mentioned in voL a of Manning and Bray's History of 
Sorrey. 

Croxford. 

Arms. 
Or, a dievron between 3 buckles saUe^ each charged with 4 roses or qoatrefoils. 
This coat and the following were in the windows of the Thrap aisle. 

^^yjr.— Croxford as before, impaling barri of six argent and asore. 
Thb coat of arms of Croxford impaling Grey axmeared in the charch window, and the name 
Holcot beneath. See also Wood M^ D. 11. for Holcot of Buckland. 

The family of Croxford is closely connected with the history of this 
part of Oxfordshire, and held laiid in many villages around as well as 
houses in the city of Oxford. An old tenement once called Neville's 
Inn^ stood upon part of the site of Corpus Christ! College, and be- 
longed to J. Croxford in the reign of Edward I., and a large tenement 
for the reception of scholars in All Saints' parish was known by then: 

* Clark's Wood, vol. i, pp. 515 and 537. 



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24 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

name. Later on their name is found apparently as that of agents to 
various estates in the neighbourhood. 

The earliest mention of the family in Kidlington occurs in the pre- 
vious notice of the Malets, and they seem to have assimied the arms 
of the Malet family with some slight difference. 

1267. In this year we read that Hugh de Plessets granted to the 
Convent of Osney the rent of five pounds a year, which he received 
from Walter de Croxford for houses he held in Kidlington ^ This 
rent was to be paid to the Abbot by Walter de Croxford at the feasts 
of Ladye Day and Easter, and the Abbot was to hold the power of 
distraint in default of payment, but providing a saving clause by which 
the rights and customary services and dues to Sir Hugh de Plessets were 
reserved. Croxford gave a bond to the Abbot for the payment of this 
rent. A garden in Kidlington is also mentioned as belonging to him '. 

1277. Shortly after an assise of * novel disseisin ' was arraigned at 
Oxford by Gilbert, son of Walter de Croxford or Crokesford, against 
Peter Peyntur' and others, concerning a tenement in Kidlington. 
Various deeds referring to suits in the neighbourhood were signed by 
father and son*. About the same time Thomas de Croxford was 
presented to the church of Blechendon, vacant by the resignation of 
the late vicar; the King claimed the right of presentation, but the 
cause was gained by John de Croxford and the Musgrave * family, who 
held the advowson between them. 

1333. In the 6 Ed. III. Walter Musgrave, of Kirtlington, remitted 
10^. a year rent to John de Croxford, and the deed was signed by 
Gilbert de Croxford*. 

1417. Many years later we find Robert de Croxford had letters 
of protection given him to go abroad in the retinue of Sir William 
Porter in the King's service '. 

' Annals of Osney, Gongh Nicholls at p. 19. And again ' Cudelinton (0x1), 

MS., No. 22. appointment of Robert Fulconis and 

' * Walterum de Croxford — felo breve W. de Agmondesham to take assize 

tantnm,' Cudlington gaxdin, &c. Inq. of mort d'ancestor arraigned by Agnes 

16 £d. L Post Mort. This garden is daughter of Robert de Wotton against 

probably that referred to in this John, son of Thomas de Cudelinton, 

extract from an Inquisition held 16 touching a messuage and land in 

£d. I. : < Idoniae quae fuit uxor Wal- 49th, 50th Report of Dep. K. of Pub. 

teri de Croxkeford suspenst Breve Rec. p. 67, 9 Ed. I.' 

de inquirendo utrum gardinum sit ' 46th Report of D.K. of Pub. Records, 

jus praedictae Idoniae de dono Alidae p. 203, Cal. Pat Rolls, 5 Ed. I. 

quae fuit uxor Roberti de Wotton.' * White Kennet, vol. 2. 

(Calendarium genealogicum, vol. i, ' Calendar of French RoUs, April 3, 

p. 394) (Inquisitio manca est). One West. 5 Hen. V., 44th Report of D. K. 

of the Woottcn family is mentioned of Records, p. 590. 



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THE FEE OF D'OILEY. %$ 

Robert Croxford seems to have acted as agent in Kidlington to the 
Duke of Suffolk. In the windows of the church were the Suflfolk arms 
emblazoned, and the name of Robert Croxford and Jane his wife 
inscribed imder the shield. From another coat it may be inferred 
that they intermarried with the Greys, which family was connected 
with Water Eaton during the lifetime of Charles Brandon. 

1467. A lady of the Croxford family was in the service of Alice, 
Duchess of Suflfolk, at Ewelme ; a long list of household stuff is 
endorsed : * iii billes of certayne stuff delivered by Alson Croxford 
into the Norserj'e and i bille indented of stuff delivered to your iadye 
and i other bille ^' 

1479. Again, we read of their holding land in Kensington; this 
year Humphrey de Croxford was fined twopence for non-attendance 
at the Abbot's Court at Osney, held for the above manor \ 

The Kidlington branch of this family ended with an heiress, the 
daughter of Thomas Croxford. She married in 14 71 George Gaynes- 
ford, of Hampton Poyle, son of Sir John Gaynesford, of Crowhurst, co. 
Surrey. By a deed dated 24th March the same year. Sir Edmund 
Rede, of Borstall, and Katherine, his wife, covenant with Alice, 
Duchess of Suflfolk, that in consideration of a marriage to be made 
between George Gaynesford and Isabella Croxford, they will convey 
the manor of Hampton Poyle with its appurtenances to feoflfees to the 
use of Edmund and Katherine for the term of the life of the said 
Katherine with remainder to George and Isabella, and the heirs of the 
body of the said George. In 1472 George Gaynesford and Isabella 
his wife became possessed of the Manor as tenant in tail, and Isabella 
dying in 151 3, Augustine Gaynesford, her son, sold all the lands of 
her inheritance in Hampton Poyle and Islip to Jane Bury, widow of 
Edmund Bury of Culham. The disposal of the Kidlington property 
is not mentioned Augustine Gaynesford is styled of Idbury. He 
married, in 1491, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Edward Raleigh, and their 
son, Edward, married Alice Nowers, of Tackley, leaving a son, John 
Gaynesford, the husband of Margaret Annesley, of Comwell, Oxon '*. 

The crest of the Croxfords appears to have been : — * a demi woman 
vested and crined or, holding a garland vert in her dexter hand, 
charged with four roses gules.' 

In Fuller's Worthies we find a list of 'Gentry in Oxfordshire 

^ Report of Royal CommissioDers of ' Marshall's Woodstock, p. 133. 
Historical MSS., 6 Ed. IV., Dec asth, » Turner's ColL Oxon, vol. 17. 

vol. 8, p. 629. 



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a6 HISTORY OF KIDUNGTON. 

returned.' Several names connected with Kidlington occur. ' 1433, 
12 Hen. VI., Robert Croxford, Will, Philip, and John Frere, Thos. 
Chamberlain, William Raveninge.' 

v.— Chaucer Family. 

Arms. 
Roiiy used by Alia Chaucer.— QnXtM^ three Catherine wheeb or. 
This coat of Catherine wheela borne by Chancer, also bj Roet In window in Thmp aisle, 
Kidlington church.— Wood MSS. E. i. 

The name of Geoffrey Chaucer, the father of English poetry, is 
identified with this part of Oxfordshire. He was a favourite at the 
Court of Edward III., and tradition assigns him a house at Woodstock, 
close outside the palace gates, which is still known as Chaucer's 
house. He followed the king into Flanders, and while there 
married Philippa Roet *, the maid of honour and namesake of the 
Queen, and daughter of a Flembh knight, who was sumamed the 
*Picard' from the place of her birth. Her sister Katherine Swin- 
ford was the third wife of John of Gaunt, the king's stalwart son, and 
these circumstances will serve to explain the close connection which 
existed between Chaucer and the royal family. 

Thomas Chaucer, whom some think to be the son of Geoffrey, 
married Maud Burghwash, the only daughter of a knight belonging 
to an Anglo-Norman family, whose honours were already on the 
wane. The double queued lion in the shield (see p. 28) is doubtless 
inherited from Burghwash. Maud brought with her in dower the 
manors of Ewelme, Souldem, Donnington, and Thrup *. 

Thomas Chaucer lived to rise high in his sovereign's estimation and 
to be entrusted with offices of emolument and honour. He was made 
Chief Butler of England, and was returned Member of Parliament for 
Oxfordshire, and became Speaker of the House of Commons '. 

I4n. In the twelfth year of Henry IV. the Queen Johanna of 
Navarre granted to him the farm of the Manor of Woodstock and 
others, upon payment of the yearly rent of £127 i6s. 6d.^ This 
estate had been in the hands of Roger Elmerugge and of Philip la 
Vache, whose widow in 141 3 * was found to be possessed of Kidling- 

^ This is now very much doubted by would seem to have been the original 

the Chaucer Society ; but the arms of property of the Chancers. See Mar- 

Roet appear to have been used by Alice shalVs Woodstock, p. 107, who quotes 

Chaucer in preference to those attributed from Fuller. 

to Chaucer, which might argue for the ' Marshall*s Woodstock, p. 107 and 

marriage. onwards. 

* Donnington Castle near Newbury * Inq. Post Mortem 13 Henry VL 



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THE FEE OF ifOILEY. «7 

ton. The account in our last Section of la Vache and Bardolf will 
perhaps throw some light upon the introduction of Chaucer to our 
Manor of Kidlington. 

1418. The seventh year of the reign of King Henry V. found the 
Court of England at Rouen, with an army intent upon the subjugation 
of France. Here also was Thomas Chaucer, still in high favour 
wit6 his master, and in the Norman Rolls of daily proceedmgs we 
read of him at Pont de I'Arche, holding a commission with Sir William 
Haryngton to array the men of Hugh de Bouchier *. The same year 
a^ similar commission was given to array the men of Edward, Earl of 
Mortaigne, of Richard, Earl of Warwick, of Thomas Chaucer and 
other knights. 

1419. The following year Chaucer was appointed with others, 
amongst whom was William de la Pole, Earl of Suffolk, his futiure 
son-in-law, to the honourable commission of treating with Alan de 
Rohan, Lieutenant of Brittany, touching the final peace vith France. 

1438. Alice, the only child of Thomas Chaucer, had in her youth 
been the wife of Sir John Philip *, a knight of Norfolk, and connected 
with the Bardolfs, and about this time she was married as second wife 
to the valiant Earl of Salisbury, Thomas Montacute, who fell before 
the walls of Orleans. These two had left her a childless widow, and 
she took as her third husband William de la Pole, the Earl of Suffolk. 

1434. Peace being finally concluded with France, Chaucer came 
home, and was this year returned with his wife as holding the manor 
of Kidlington. Two years later, shortly after his death, the Post 
Mortem Inquisition declares that he died possessed of the manors of 
Hook Norton and Kidlington held in capite of the king, by knight's 
service. Alice de la Pole, wife of the Earl of Suffolk, was found to be 
his heir; whereupon the Earl did fealty in right of his wife, and had 
livery of the estate *. 

Maud Chaucer survived her husband, and died upon Saturday next 
after the feast of SS. Philip and James, 1437, her daughter Alice being 
then of thirty-two years and upwards. 

* Dep. K. of Pab. R. Norman RoUs, Mort. Returned as holding la manors, 

7 and 8 Hen. V. ; 41 st Report, pp. 715, 13 and 15 Hen. VI. • Thomas Chaucer 

717, 718; 4and Report, p. 375. Letters et Matilda uxor ejus.* ' Matilda que 

of Attorney to T. C. going abroad, a6 fait uxor Tho. Chaucer Hoggenorton and 

June ; 44th Report, p. 6ao. Cudlington maner,* extent. ' 10 mes- 

' Burke*8 Extinct Peerage, under snages, 5 tofts, 6 carucates, 100 acres 

Pole. land, 6 acres meadow, 100 acres wood 

' White Kcnnct, vol. a. Inq. Post and £ao rent* 



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28 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 



De la Pole, Earl of Suffolk. 

Arms. 
P6U. — Qnarterly, ist and 4th aznr^ a fease between three leopards* heads or. 
Fortibus.—2DA and 3rd ar^nt, a chief gules. 
Burgkwask. — Over all a lion rampant or, doable qnened. 
These arms in church window, Wood, B. i. Burghwash is written under it They are 
probably for John, Duke of Suffolk, quartering de Fortlbns inherited through the Plantagenets, 
and Burghwash from his mother. 

1444. William de la Pole had been instrumental in settling terms of 
peace with France, and in reward for his services he received tlje 
honour of Marquess, being girt with a golden cincture and a crown of 
gold set upon his head. This dignity was accompanied by a grant of 
£35 a year and some lands in Norfolk, formerly the property of his 
wife's first husband, Sir John Philip. Now devolved upon him an 
honour given to few, no matter how high in their king's favour. A 
marriage had been arranged between the King, Henry VI, and Mar- 
garet, daughter of Ren6 of Provence, known to us as Margaret of 
Anjou. To Suffolk was given the commission of wedding the bride 
by proxy ^ according to the custom of former times. He went to 
Nancy, and there in the Cathedral church of St. Martin took the 
marriage vows in his sovereign's name, and then conducted the young 
Queen to England. As some compensation for the great expenses to 
which he had been put in this journey, he obtained from the King the 
wardship of his son in his wife's favour, in case he should die during 
his son's minority. 

Part of his lands in Norfolk he held by a picturesque ceremony of 
carrying a golden sceptre with a dove upon it at the coronation of the 
kings, and another of ivory bearing a dove at that of the queens. 

During the few years remaining to him, Suffolk founded the hospital 
at Ewelme, called God's House, and in the manor house there, 
which he had restored, he delighted to dwell. It was there that his 
heir was bom to him, and in a long list of household goods we read 
of many delivered into * The Norserye of Ewelme ' by Alson Crox- 
ford. 

The Marquess of Suflfolk was advanced to the dignity of Duke, but 
he did not long enjoy his honours. Having by his foreign policy 
excited the hatred of the people, and being accused of the murder of 
the Duke of Gloucester, he was imprisoned in the Tower. By the 
intercession of the Queen, who had not forgotten what she owed him, 

* White Kennet, vol. a, and Burke's Ext Peerage. 



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THE FEE OF D'OILEY. 29 

he was released and was sent over to France for safety. His enemies 
followed, and he was overtaken by the Duke of Exeter, on board the 
ship 'Nicholas,' and brought back to Dover. There over the side of a 
boat his head was struck oflf without further warrant \ One of his 
own captains recovered his body and the head from the sea, and 
carried them to Wingfield in Suffolk (his mother's inheritance), where 
they were buried in the collegiate church. 

The Duchess of Suffolk, his widow, was interred at Ewelme, where 
her sumptuous monument is still to be seen. 

1463. The family tides and estates were all confiscated to the 
Crown, but were restored to the son, who succeeded as John, Duke of 
Suffolk. 

In Oxfordshire he inherited the manors of Sulthorn, Throp, Hook 
Norton, and Kidlington, all of his mother's dowry, of which the two 
first were of the inheritance of Burghwash, the latter of that of 
Chaucer. 

This Duke John married Elizabeth Plantagenet, sister to Edward IV., 
and died Constable of Wallingford in 149 1. He left five sons and 
four daughters, of whom the eldest, John, Earl of Lincoln, fell fighting 
for the Yorkist cause at Stoke, June 16, 1487 ; the second, Edmund, 
for the same cause, was executed -upon Tower Hill ; Richard died an 
exile at the battle of Pavia, and the remaining two entered the 
church'. The sole survivor of these five sons was a daughter who 
became a nun of the order of Minoresses in London, and thus all the 
honours and lands of Chaucer and Pole fell into the hands of the 
King. 

Camden, speaking of Ewelme, says — 

'John, Earl of Lincoln, grandson of William de la Pole, almost utterly 
ruined his family. For having engaged in the conspiracy against King 
Henry Vn., his honours were lost by attainder, and his estates forfeited to 
the King, and he himself soon killed in battle. Henry VHI., by adding 
some other manors, including Wallingford^ made an Honour of this 
estate.' 

' White Kennet, 21 May, 1449. g<^^ <^d ao acres land; 34 acres 

Inq. Post Mort ' Will, late Duke of meadow in the same, 28 Hen. VI.' 

Snffolk (Throp, Cudlynton, Sulthome * Playfair's Briti^ fiamily antiquity, 

and Hanwell ; 13 messuages, 16 vir- vol. 6, p. 694. 



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30 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

PEDIGREE OF CHAUCER AND DE LA POLE. 

Arms. 

PbU and WingfUld.—Vfx pak, Baron et Pemme. Dexter quarterly, ist and 4th Pole; 
snd and 3rd ar^nt on a bend fililes, 3 pairs of wings. 
/?M/.— Sinister, Galea, 3 Catherine wheels or. 
This coat repeated several times in the church windows: also with a file of three pointsi 
Baron et femme, ist qoarterly, Pole and Wingfield. and Roet or Chancer. Wood MSS. B. 15 
and E. i. 

1. Or. Two knotted cords saltire-wise, over fesse point, a letter O enclodn? T sable. 

2. Parted per fesse anjent and sable, in chief a pike, in Mse a ram coontercnanjped. 

3. Quarterly, Pole and Burrhwash. Arg^ent lion or double queued. 

Orate pro ammab Thomae Mawnfelde et Johannae uxor ejus. 

These three shields were in an upper window together with another, vis. Pole as above with 
a file of three points. The above mscription under all Was Thomas Mawnfelde an agent or 
Bailiff under the Abbey ? 

The two shields (Nos. i and 2) which are repeated in the old glass and upon the carved stalls 
I think may safely be attributed, the first to Thomas, Abbot of Osney, and the second may 
well stand for the arms of the town of Kidlington, viz. in chief v^pike^ signifying the fisheries, 
and a rvus, signifying the principal industry ^ the place, the sheep on Campsneld ; also be it 
remembered, the Rood Light was kept alive by the produce of fifteen sheep. 

Geoffrey Chaucer r^d. of Sir Payne Roet John Burghwash == Maod Tendring. 



I Chancer, (" ' - -- -- 



Thomas Chancer, died 1436. qp Bland Buighwash, died 1437. 

Michael de la Pole =: Katherine 
TWingfield. 

ist Sir John Philip = and Thomas Montacute, = Alice ^ 3rd William de la Pole, Michael 
EarlofSalisbuiy. 1 Earl of Suffolk, a. p. 

I died 1463. 

, , Duke of == Elizabeth Plantagenet. 
Suffoll - - ^ ^ 



ifiolk, died | 
1491. 



. n TT 

{ohn, Earl of Edmund, snd qp Margaret Richard, «rd 2 daughters 2 dsmghters 
^incoln, died Du. of Suffolk, I Scrope. Duke ot married. & p. 

1487. died 1513. Suffolk. 



Anne, 
a nun in the Minories. 



Howard, Brandon and Grey in Kidlington. 

1510. The next we hear of Kidlington is in the second year of 
Henry VIIL, when part of the confiscated property of John de la Pole, 
Earl of Lincoln, was granted for life in favour of Anne, daughter of 
Edward IV., cousin to the late Earl, by his mother Elizabeth Plan- 
tagenet. 

Anne Plantagenet married Thomas Howard, third Duke of Norfolk. 
In * Letters Foreign and Domestic ' there is extant an indenture en- 
titled * Thomas Lord Howard and Ann his wife,' whereby the King 
covenants (in consequence of their suit for the purparty belonging to 
the same Anne of the possessions of Anne, Countess of March and 



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THE FEE OF LfOILEY. 31 

Ulster, mother of Richard, Duke of York, father of Edward IV.) to 
grant to them in tail by letters patent the castle and manor of Wyng- 
field ; the manors (amongst others) of Cudlyngton, Lewknor, Nune- 
ham Courtney in Oxon ... in exchange for the inheritance of the said 
Anne in the lands of Edward IV. The said Thomas to take no 
benefit after the decease of the said Anne as tenant by curtesy ^ 
I July, 2 Henry VIII. Again, 

* For Anne, wife of Thomas, Lord Howard, and daughter of Edward 4th. 
Grant in tail as above, the soke and appurtenances of Cudlyngton, 
Lewknor, Nuneham Courtney, &c., with all the liberties, &c., therin as 
enjoyed by Elizabeth, late Duchess of Suffolk ; which came into the hands 
of the King Henry 7th by attainder of Edmund de la Pole, Earl of 
Suffolk' 

Dated Wmdsor, 5 July, 2 Henry VHI. 

The manor soon passed by favour of the Eling to his brother-in- 
law, Charles Brandon, and if we possess no evidence that he made 
his residence here, one of his daughters had certainly an interest in 
Water Eaton. 

In the collection of letters mentioned above there occurs a curious 
correspondence between John, the last Abbot of Osney, and Thomas 
Cromwell, Secretary of State, ... as follows : — 

... * We have complied with your desire for the reversion of the 
Parsonage of Steeplecleydon and Yver. As I am informed there will be 
letters procured from you and the King for a £arm of ours called Water 
Eaton. My Lord of Suffolk hath it for life, and I granted the reversion 
two years ago to one of my friends. I beg you therefore to stay your hand 
and excuse us to the King. I send you a token. Oseney, July 3d' (1534)* 

Duke of Suffolk to Cromwell. 

... * Has received his letter asking for the farm of Wattar Yton for a 
friend which the Duke holds of the Abbot of Osnay. The Abbot promised 
him a lease for 40 years, but has handled him in such a manner that he 
hopes Cromwell will help to acquit him. Granted the farm more than 
half a year ago to Lord Powes and his wife, the Duke's daughter. They 
intend to be there shortly and lie there, so that he cannot comply with 
Cromwell's request V 

The above letter refers to Anne, daughter of the Duke by Anne 
Browne, who was married to Sir Edward Grey, Lord Powys': 

' Letters Foreign and Domestic, vol. 7, p. 360. 
Henry Vin, vol. i, pp. 168 and 198. * Burke's Extinct Peerage, p. 79, 

' Letters Foreign and Domestic, mider Brandon. 



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3^ 



HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 



another of his daughters, Frances, by Mary Tudor, married Henry 
Grey*, who eventually succeeded to his title of Duke of Suflfolk upon 
the death of Henry Brandon. The interest of the Greys in Kidlington 
appears to have lasted only during the lifetime of Charles Brandon, 
for a year after the death of the latter the King sold the manor, and 
thus terminated the connection of Kidlington with the great feudal 
families. The great Barony of d'Oiley, of which Kidlington was a 
.member, no longer existed as a whole, but each separate manor 
became the property of the lesser gentry of the county who enriched 
themselves either by law or by trade. 



Chamberlain, Bailiffs of Kidlington. 

April, 1532. * This year Sir Edward and Leonard Chamberlain were 
appointed joint Stewards and Lieutenants of the Manor of Woodstock 
and of its members, &c. with iooj. a year, and Parkers of the Park there 
with id. a day; Bailifiis of the Manor of Kidlington which belonged to John, 
late Duke of Suffolk, and Rangers of the New Forest at Woodstock ; on 
surrender of Patent granting the same to Sir Edward alone. (loth Sept. 24 
Henry 7th). 

* Westminster 11 April 23 Hen. 8th V 

Leonard Chamberlain a few years later purchased the manor from 
the King. 



* This Henry Grey, Marquis of Dorset, 
previous to his marriage had been created 
Baron of Bonville and Harington, and 
Earl of Stamford. He married Frances 
daughter of Charles Brandon. Haring- 
ton*s knots (also called Suffolk's knots) 
are so called from the Frets in the 
arms. (Playfair's British Ant, vol. 6, 



pp. 71 and 73.) The Harington arms 
are: Sable, a fret argent. Henry 
Grey, Lord Suffolk, purchased the 
chantry belonging to the church at 
Woodstock. Marshall's Woodstock, 
p. 363. 

■ Letters Foreign and Domestic, 
Henry VIII, vol. 5, p. 457. 



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CHAPTER II. 

THE RECTORY AND VICARAGE. 

I.— The Value and Extent of Lands belonging to 
OsNEY Abbey in Cudlyngton and Water Eaton. 

From Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol 2, p. 216. 



cudlyngton. 

£ J. d. 
Worth in the form of the Rectory with its appurtenances, 

so demised to Robert Saunders by Indenture . . 34 o o 
Farm of the Vicarage, yearly so demised to Laurence 

Atkinson 15 o o 

Farm of the Water Mills so demised to John Dennet . 14 2 o 

Total £^i 2 o 



Perpetual reprises in Cudlyngton, 

£ i.. d. 
Rents due to the Duke of Suffolk and his heirs for certain 

customs called ' mete money ' and for a certain way^ • o ix o 
Procurations and synodals to the Archdeacon of Oxford 

yearly o 10 6} 

Perpetual ahns to the Poor of the Parish at Easter . • 0120 

£1 13 6f 
Is worth clear £$1 8j. sJ*/. 

* Can this * certain way * be the footpath from the Mill to the church ? 

D 



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34 HISTORY OF KIDUNGTON. 

The same in Wafer Eaton. 

£ s. d. 

Worth in the rents and customary tenants per annum . 34 3 10 

Farm of the site of the Manor with the Demesne, lands 
and meadows, feedings and pastures belonging to the 
same, and the tithes thereof yearly, so demised to the 
Duke of Suffolk 25 o o 

Issue of the pasture called Cuddyslow with two little 
meadows belonging to the same^, lately demised to 
John Dennet * by the year for 66j. %d,, now occupied 
for the use of the said monastery 400 

Farm of the pasture called Fryce, yearly so demised to 
John Mawnde by Indenture .6134 

And for the small tithes there annually . • . .200 

Total £61 17 2 



Perpetual pension paid to the Prior and Brethren of St 
John of Jerusalem in England £^l ^ ^ 

Is worth clear £^Z ioj. 6d* 

Substance of the Deed relating to the Vicar of Kidlington, 
in the Archives of Exeter College, 

1227. The Great Tithes having been appropriated to the Monastery 
this year the people complained that the service of the church was ne- 
glected, the Bishop interfered, and in 

1445 he * Totally annulled the old endowments and endowed it " de novo.'* 

ist. He assigned to the Vicar a certain messuage with curtilage situate 
without the gate of the Rectory, on the west side, with one yard land of 
the demesnes of the Abbot and convent, free of tithe. 

2ndly. All the Altarage and oblations, the dead mortuaries, chrysmals, 
tithes of Mills and Grist Mills within the Parish ; the charge of the church- 
yard and all things which in the testaments of the deceased or of the 
devotion of the ^thfiil shall be given to him. 

Srdly. Seven shillings of tithe of hay specified. 

* The two little meadows mark ' The following extract is from the 
the site of the old Mill, see ante, p. 'Annals of Osney' in Bodleian, Gongh 
I n. 2 NichoUs, No. 22 — 

' John Dennet was Bailiff of the Lordship of Water Eaton. 

Paid to him (reprises) ^i 13 4 

Stipend of the Chaplain of Cudlyngton, yearly . . 568 

Water Eaton was worth clear to the new Bishoprick of Osney 71 1 7 9 ' 

Can this sun of ^i. 13X. 4^. be iden- Dngdale in vol. 6, p. 256, says Water 
tical with that paid by Cndlington Eaton was worth in Manor pasture 
as Procnrations, synodals and alms? ^71. 17J. id. 



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THE RECTORY AND VICARAGE. 35 

4th]y. All manner of tithes issuing or to issue out of the newly made 
closes, 53 in number. 

5thly. Four bushels of wheat and the like of barley of the Abbot and 
Convent yearly at the feast of the Nativity. 

6thly. One acre of the said Abbot and tithe free in Thrup mead. 

ythly. One halfpenny yearly from each of the parishioners on each of 
the four following feasts— The feast of the Dedication of the Church— of 
the Nativity of the Virgin — of the Nativity of our Lord and of Easter. 

The Vicar by himself and one chaplain, whom at his own cost and 
charge, he shall always have living with him, to perform divine service, to 
provide wax lights in the chancel, the accustomed light upon the feast of 
the Purification, bread and wine for the Holy Communion, and the sur- 
plices (the Clerk of Baptism to be provided by the Abbot and convent, 
but to take an oath of fealty to the Vicar). 

The finding of the Chaplain to cease if the parishioners should cease to 
provide then- part— otherwise if the Vicar fails to provide the Chaplain he 
is bound to pay under the pain of ecclesiastical censures, so large a sum as 
shall correspond to the salary of the said Chaplain, to go to the fabric of 
the church.' 

The Vicarage was included in the grant of Elizabeth to Sir William 
Petre, and by him annexed to the Rectory for ever, the Rector holding 
without Institution. 

This arrangement was confirmed by an Act of 12 Charles II, 
ch. 17, sec. 23, and is probably a solitary instance in all England of 
the Rectory and Vicarage being united in the same hands ^ 

Two conditions were attached by Petre to the gift, viz. : — 

(i) That the Rector should pay for all reparations and charges, and 

(2) That the Fellows should be allowed the use of the Vicarage if 
the plague chanced to be in Oxford. 

(3) Of his paying £7 6j. (to be reduced to £4 upon the leases of 
Kidlington and Merton falling in) annually to the College. This 
payment has ceased '. 

The following is the original clause in the Indented Articles between 
Sir W. Petre and the College, 8th Nov. 8 Elizabeth:— 

* Item, that the Vicarage of Cudlington on the Green, parcel of the 
premises granted unto the said Rector and Scholars and their successors, 
shall be unto John Neale now Rector of the said College, during only the 
time he shall continue Rector and to his successors Rectors, he the said 

^ A case for counsel was drawn np in Oxford, says, ' The Vicar of Kidlington 

1846 upon this subject Mr. Hope, received from the Abbey 4 lbs. of wax 

Counsel. and 4 lbs. more upon the feast of the Puri- 

* Dr. Symonds in his MSS. now be- fication.' The Vicar gave the like quan- 
longing to Mr. Davenport, County Office, tity to St. George's in Oxford : see p. 2. 

D % 



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36 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

John Neale and his successors Rectors there, allowhig and paying yearly 
unto the said College for the uses set forth in these presents, the sum of 
£j 6s, oid. at the feasts of St. Michael and the Annunciation by equal 
portions ; and seeing the Cure of the said Parish to be served at his the 
said Rector's and his successors' costs and charges; and seeing the people 
of the said Parish to be well instructed and taught ; and keeping all manner 
of reparations of the Vicarage house, and all other houses thereto belong- 
ing, at the cost and charge of the said Rector for the time being; and 
suffering the Scholars of the said College, in time of sickness in Oxford 
freely to have the use of the said Vicarage house during the time of the 
said sickness.' 

This subject was argued in the year 1785, upon the occasion of the 
Curate, Thomas Bovet, being presented by Lord Thurlow to the 
Vicarage of Ninehead in Somerset It appeared that the Vicarage 
of Kidlington is a lay fee, subject to a payment of £10 to a Curate 
per annum, and the Rector on vacating the Headship of the College 
cannot retain the Vicarage; the Rector should grant title to a Curate 
not as Vicar but as Impropriator of the Vicarage, if he is distinctly 
so from the rest of the College ; but should the Vicarage be given in 
the grant to the Rector and Fellows, the title should be under the 
College Seal*. 

1887. Albert Corsellis Richard Freeborn, of Christ Church, Oxford, 
MA. 1884, Curate in charge at Kidlington, 1886. First Vicar under 
the new arrangement *. 

It would seem from tradition that the privilege of harbour in time 
of pestilence was more than once exercised by the Fellows of Exeter*. 



II. — From the Suppression of Osney Abbey until 
THE Purchase by Sir William Petre. 

1540. In this year (17th Nov.) the Abbey of Osney gave in its 
surrender to the Crown, and the Deed, declaring Henry King of 
England to be the Supreme Head of the Church upon earth, was 
signed by John King, the last Abbot, and all the chief persons of the 

* Boase's Register of the College, College*/ viz., one belongiDg to Qneen's 
P' 114- College; the old Workhouse; and a 

* For terms of this new settlement house mentioned in Madame Conanfs 
see Appendix. will as the College ... But possibly the 

* Three old tenements have been name may have arisen from their being 
known here by the name of *the built in a block. 

* From tradition of inhabitants. 



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THE RECTORY AND VICARAGE. 37 

House, amongst others by John Kidlyngton. John Kmg was imme- 
diately made Bishop of the new See of Osney, to which Kidlington and 
Water Eaton were made over. This only lasted for a few years until 
a fresh change was made, and under a new endowment the See of 
Osney was changed for that of Oxford, leaving these two manors in 
the hands of the King. The next twenty years were years of desola- 
tion for Kidlington, with no pastor, and the ornaments and riches of 
the church seized by rapacious hands. 

1547. The first year of King Edward was marked by a fresh deed 
of plunder, when the chantries, founded by our pious forefathers to 
pray for the repose of the dead, were stripped of their endowments. 
A commission was appointed by the government to enquire into and 
consequently to confiscate all such remaining church property. 

Their report was drawn up under six headings \ viz. : — 

* ist The parish of Kidlington where are houselynge people— cxlviij. 
and. A light and obiit there. 

3nL Certayne lande gyven to the mayntenance of a lyght iiij* and one 
obiit iiij" in the said parish churche for ever. 

4th. Incumbent, none. 

5th. The value of all the lands and tenements to the same belongyng is 
yearly iiij" iiij^. 

6th. Ornaments, plate, and jewels to the same belonginge none. Stocke 
in cattal not presed, xv shepe. 

Mm. The said stocke in cattal was gyven to the Rodelight in the said 
churche for ever'.' 

1530. Ten years previous to the deed of stirrender the Abbot of 
Osney had given a lease for life of his house and farm in Kidlington to 
Robert Saunders and Agnes his wife. 

1548. In this year Edward VI gave the reversion of the lease to 
Richard Tavemer for twenty-one years at the rent of £20, but the 
lease was not resigned for more than six years afterwards. 

Richard Tavemer was a man of some note in Oxford, and a short 
sketch of his life may not be out of place here. 

Twenty years before this time Cardinal Wolsey proposed to found a 
new College out of the proceeds of the great Abbey, he chose two- 
thirds of the men required for the foundation from the University of 
Oxford, the remaining third being brought by him from Cambridge, 

* Augmentation ofi&ce. Certificate 38, Christian men^ in 1267. See p. 14- 
No. 37. Record office. The proportion of houselynge people is 

' Here we seem to see the end of considered to be rather less than half 
the light burning before the Crucifix the population. 
for the scul of Henry d*Oiley and all 



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38 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

in order to infuse a new spirit into the learning of the day. Learning 
is said to have fallen to a very low ebb in the sister University, and the 
Cardinal proposing to excite some emulation among the scholars, chose 
from among them the required number, both of Graduates and Under- 
graduates, to fill the vacancies in his new Foundation. Among the 
latter was Richard Tavemer, then of one and a half years' standing. 
He was probably from Lincolnshire, for Fox styles John Tavemer, 
who was the Organist at the College, a Boston man. Many of these 
imported scholars failed to satisfy their Patron's desires, but Tavemer 
became a good scholar of his time. Lutheranism was then showing 
itself in Oxford, and the two Tavemers laid themselves open to 
suspicion oi being infected with the new teaching. The accusation 
against John Tavemer was met by the Cardinal with the contemptuous 
remark that 'he was only a musician and could do no harm' ; while 
Richard concealed his opinions sufficiently well to escape the imprison- 
ment which befel many of his companions. He was made a minor 
Canon, and * when the times began to tum and religions alter he proved 
an eminent stickler against the Popish religion.' Shaping his views to 
the fashion of the day seems to have prospered with Tavemer, and he 
became possessed of much property in Oxford and the neighbour- 
hood. We find the name of the family both at Wood and at Water 
Eaton \ 

During King Edward's reign religion had fallen so low that only 
two preachers were to be found in Oxford * that preached upon the 
Lord's Day, and that not constantly,' viz., Mr. Thomas Sampson and 
the President of Magdalen College, Dr. Humphries. When Sampson 
left the University, and Humphries was often absent, Tavemer, always 
equal to the occasion, several times preached in Oxford. He came 
into St. Mary's church * out of pure charity,' with a gold chain about 
his neck and a sword at his side, though Wood declares this to be a 
calumny, as he always preached in a damask robe. It is most prob- 
able, from this accoimt, that he frequently preached in the church at 
Kidlington. The King had granted him, though still a layman, 
license to preach the Word of God in any church m his Majesty's 
dominions, being incited to this by the dearth of ministers at that time, 
and hence we may hkewise infer the desolation of the people in 
religious matters. Richard Tavemer was buried at Wood Eaton. 
He had held the office of Clerk to the Signet to Henry VIIL and to 

* This account of Tavemer is prin- vol. 3; Turner's Records of City of 
cipally taken from Gutch, Annals, Oxford. 



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THE RECTORY AND VICARAGE. 39 

his son, and he left behind him the character of ' being a good scholar, 
but an enemy not only to the Catholic religion but to the ceremonies 
of the Church of England then in their infancy/ 

We have no information how matters went in Kidlington during the 
reign of Queen Mary. No doubt the old religion and its rites once 
more appeared in the parish church to gladden the people, who for the 
most part were still attached to the faith of their forefathers, and some 
of the dispossessed religious of the Abbey were doubtless at hand to 
minister to their spiritual wants, and oflSciate once more at the old 
altar. However that may have been, and whatever the feelings the 
people may have shown at the change, it was not for long. Queen 
Elizabeth succeeded to her sister, and all signs of the revival of the 
old faith were soon suppressed. 

The Rectory farm at Kidlington was let by the Queen to Thomas 
Frauncys, M.D., upon a lease of thirty years at £20 a year, and shortly 
after the whole of the property in Kidlington which had belonged to 
Osney, including the Rectory, Vicarage, and Mills, was sold to Sir 
William Petre, Knight. 



III.— The Vicarage since Sir W. Petre's Time. 

In the last section we saw that Sir W. Petre annexed the Vicarage 
to the Rectory for ever, reserving certain rights to the College, among 
which was the right of using the Vicarage House as a refuge when 
driven from Oxford by the plague. The visitation of terrible epidemics 
was of very frequent occurrence in the sixteenth century ^. 

1622, The next notice we have of the Vicarage House is in 1622, 
when Dr. John Prideaux, Rector, covenanted to grant a lease to 
Ambrose Saunders, of 

'the Vicarage with lands tithes and house for ^650 a year. He reserved 
to himself the use of one chamber and a little study thereunto adjoining 
and the tithes of Gosford. The said Rector Prideaux covenanted by 
himself and one serving priest to keep the cure of the church and say 
divine service and administer the divine sacraments and sacramentals to 
the parishioners and to discharge all payments relating to the cure of the 
Church V 

* In 1563 the Plague was so violent probable that the Fellows may have 

that only one of the Heads of Colleges occupied the vicarage during this year, 

was found at his post and the Rector of * The Catholic Dictionary, by Thos. 

Exeter could not be elected, so it is Arnold, M.A., 1885, London, defines 



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40 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

In 1805 the land tax* upon Vicarage House was redeemed, and 
a few years later a faculty from the Bishop was obtained by the 
College to reduce the existing house, which was become ruinous and 
too large for the requirements of the time. This was accordingly done, 
and the road accoimts of the parish show what became of the surplus 
stone. The house was reduced in size and made suitable for the 
dwelling of the clergyman of the parish. Under the Enclosure 
Award the Vicarial tithes were charged upon Stratfield and Kidlmgton 
Green, The tithe of the Green in 1794 was of the yearly value of 
£255, viz., upon 300 acres carrying 200 cows worth £8 a piece. 
'The Vicarage estate of Stratfield was 202 acres, 84 arable, 107 
pasture, and 11 coppiceV It was enclosed in 1821, and in 1837 
the College voted £500 to erect farm buildings and fences upon it, 
and £100 further sum for repairs. 

The Vicars of Kidlington. 

1225. Thomas, chaplain, presented to the perpetual Vicarage of Cude- 
lington (regulated as by previous Episcopal ordinance) by the Abbot and 
Canons of Osney. 

1239, 1243. Abbot and Convent presented. 

Henry, resigned. 

1259. Hugh, chaplain, presented by Richard Appletree 9th Abbot 

1260. Roger, priest, to vicarage vacant by death of Hugh. 
William, died. 

1277, 14 Oct. Philip of Oxford chaplain to the vicarage vacant by the 
institution of Roger chaplain, the last vicar, to the church of Comwell. 

1 300-1 320. John de Ottington, presented by Abbot and Convent 

Henry Wylby, died. 

1 347-1363. 13 March, 1347, Thomas de Hynton, priest, presented by 
Abbot, &C., vacant by resignation of John de Hals, the last vicar, who has 
exchanged for the church of Hynton. 

i349> 19 July. Henry de Kihnry, priest, presented by Abbot, &c. 

2 Richard 2d. William Vicar of Cud. and others rent certain lands in 
Stone and Hertwell. 

1386 circa. Thomas Puteslo was Vicar of Kid., 10 Richard 2d. He 
and John Havyl grant to the Abbot and Convent of Osney a messuage and 
virgate of land in some place in Oxon '. 

'Sacnmentals to be rites which have Kidlington Rectory and Vicarage 1803 

some outward resemblance to sacra- and 1805, respectively, Register, Boase, 

ments, bat are not of dirine institution. p« 1 17. 

The sacramentals are enumerated in the ' Dr. Symonds' MSS., vol. 8, p. 293. 

following line : — ' Orans, tinctus, edens, * Cat. of MSS. (Turner and Coxe) in 

confessus, dans, bcnediccns.* Bodley, Charter 195 and 385. 
^ The land tax was redeemed upon 



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THE RECTORY AND VICARAGE. At^ 

1 361, 23 Aug. William de Otyngdon, priest, presented by Abbot, &c. to 
vicarage vacant by death of Henry Byby. 

1405-1420. John Welkes, presented by Abbot and Convent. Resigned. 

1407, II Sept. Magister John Colles, priest, presented on death of Sir 
William Odyngton. John CoUys, vicar of Kyddelington, was on a jury 
appointed to enquire into a vacancy of the Chantry of the Holy Trinity in 
All Saints, Oxon, 14 Jan. 1417. 

1 43 1, 23 Feb. Sir John Wellys, perpetual Vicar of the parish church of 
Cudlyngton, exchanged with Magister William Busshell, rector of St. 
George near E^hepe in London, presented by Abbot and Convent Re- 
signed. 

1433, 4 March. John Bradstone, priest, presented by Abbot and Con- 
vent on resignation of Sir William Busshell who had exchanged for the 
parish church of Bladon. Resigned. 

1440, I Dec. Lewis Neth, priest, presented by Abbot and Convent on 
resignation of John Bradston. Resigned. 

L. Neth supplicated for B. Can. Law 21 Feb. 145}, and was admitted 
I March, 145^. 

During his incumbency the new settlement was made. 
Lewis Neth gave in his resignation to the Bishop, and he was sub- 
sequently instituted Rector of Kiddington. 

1474, 2 Oct. Magister John Lane, priest, presented by the Archdeacon 
Lionel Wydeville, to the perpetual Vicarage of Cudlington in the Diocese 
of Lincoln. Died. 

1499, 21 April. Master Roger Sandford (Sondeford), Bachelor of both 
laws, presented by the Abbot and Convent on the death of John Lane, 
upon the free resignation of Master Richard Inglesant. (Richard Inglesant 
was probably Chaplain under the Vicar and had the right of the next pre-* 
sentation.) 

1502, 29 Oct. Sir Christopher Lathum, priest, B.A., appointed on re- 
signation of Roger Sondeforth, exchanged the church of Buckenhall with 
the next Vicar. He died at Bucknall in 1505. 

1503, 22 Sept Edmund Croston, MA., presented by the Abbot and 
Convent, having exchanged with the above. Resigned. 

Edmund Croston was a native of Lincolnshire, one of Bishop 
Smith's Almoners. He was presented to Bucknall by Osney Abbey, 
exchanged to Kidlington. In 1503 he had been appointed with 
Ed. Powell by the Bishop to arbitrate on a dispute between St Frides- 
wide's and Edmund Ayleard. He also held the Prebends of Spald- 
wick and Biggleswade, and left Kidlington for the Rectory of Winwich, 
Northants in 1505. He was for two years Principal of Brasenose 
Hall, where he died 1507-8, bemg the first benefactor of Brasenose 
College, to which he left his money and books. He is buried before the 



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42 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

altar of St. Catherine in the church of St. Mary the Virgin, and had 
a handsome monument^ with inscription in brass erected to him. 
The inscription is still to be seen fixed over the door going into Adam 
de Brome's chapel with his arms or family rebus, a cross piercing 
4 txms'. 

26 July, 1505. John Morgan, M.A., presented by Abbot and Convent of 
Oseney to the perpetual vicarage of Cudelington vacant by resignation of 
Master Edmund Croxton. 

10 June, 1506. Master Laurence Stubbys, S.T.B., presented by Abbot, 
&c., to vicarage vacant by death of Master John Morgan. 

Stubbs became President of Magdalen 1525. He appears to have 
remained Vicar until the year 15 14, in which year he signed a Bond 
discharging all claims that might arise in Cudlington between him 
and the Abbot of Oseney'. The same year he is styled D.D. of 
Magdalen College, and one of the ' Commissaries.' 

In 1525 he was elected President of Magdalen College, which post 
he resigned two years later ; there appears to have been some con- 
troversy about his Election*. In 1529 we find him erecting a stained 
glass window in chapel of Balliol College. At present, portions 
of this window are in the Library of the Undergraduates at Balliol, at 
the south end of the room. In a top light he is represented kneeling 
at a desk clad in hood and gown. Above his head is the date 1529, 
and beneath the desk a shield with the initials L. S. In the two lights 
below are the figures of St. Laurence and St. Nicholas, and at the foot 
of each the annexed shields, which Anthony \ Wood says were put 
there by Laurence Stubbs. The stub or stump of a tree is a pun 
upon his name ; the other shield appears to have been composed from 
the leopard's heads of De la Pole, perhaps a recollection of Kidlington, 
the Ulies of Magdalen College, and a Pheon or lance head. 

First Shield.— A chevron engrailed, charged with three leopards* heads. In chief, two 
stubs and two lilies and cross keys. In base, aTheon. 
Second Shield.— A stab pierced fesse-wise by an arrow. 
Each shield enclosed in a wreath. 

1512. '7th August. St. Mary's, Osseney, near Oxford. 

Licence for William the Abbot and the Convent to obtain from Rome 
letters of exemption for the monastery and chapels annexed, also letters 
of perpetual annexation of the two Vicarages of Kydlynton and Hook- 

* A foil description of which will be » Oxford Charters, 387, Bodleian 
fotind in Turner, MS. Top. Oxon, vol. jr, Library, 6th Hen. VIIL 

p. 19^' * Gutch, Annals, vol. 3. 

* From Churton's life of Bp. S^iith. 



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THE RECTORY AND VICARAGE. 43 

norton, Lincoln Diocese, the Rectories of which have been appropriated 
to the monastery. Del* Croydon, 7th Aug., 4 Hen, 8 ^' 

1520. In this year we read in the University Register of a Do- 
minican Friar from Oxford coming here to preach a sermon upon the 
3rd Nov. 

' John de Vadys, Dominican, supplicator for B.D. : he is to preach a 
sermon at Rydlyington.' 

This being the year in which the new doctrines of Martin Luther 
were publicly condemned by the Pope and burnt, will it be pre- 
sumptuous to guess at the subject matter of this sermon ? 

1545. Henry Laurence, Vicar of Kidlington, made his will. He 
was the last Vicar under the ancient administration. Three years 
later it is reported ' there is no Incumbent '. 

Wills of some of the Parishioners of Kidlington, from Turner's 
transcript of Archdeacon's records '. 

' 1542, Oct, 8. John Denet of Water Eaton bequeaths his body to be 
buried in the Churchyard of St. Mary's of Kidlington. To our Jhesus 
Stone at Kid. a sheepe. Item, unto the High /Utar iiij*/ 

* 1543, Aug. 33. John Thomas of Kidlington bequeathes to yj poor folks 
that have chyldren yj payre of Shetts and at my daye of buryall I be- 
queathe XX" to be bestowed above my buryall to poor people. Item I wold 
yt iij of Kyen (kine) be solde and the money thereof to be bestowed upon 
my moneth's mynde to poore people.* 

1544. 'Jan. 6th. John Susar of Kidlington bequeathes to the High 
Altar ij*. To Jesus altar ijd. To the Bells ij<*. To the Torches ij^. 
Witness, Sir John Pyckard.* 

1544- 'June loth. Elizabeth Fletcher of Kidlington bequeathes to the 
High Altar xij<*. To the maintenance of the Bells xij<*. To the Stone of 
Jesus iiij*.' 

1344. 'July 9th. Margaret Baret widow of Kid. bequeathes to the High 
Altar of Kid. ij«*. To the maintenance of the bells a Bushel! of Barley. To 
the Stone of Jesus a Bushell of Barley. To the 3 men who ring the bells 
at the day of my burial viij* and likewise to iij men that carry my body to 
church iiij^.' 

1344. 'Sept a 7th. Richard Risten of Kid. bequeathes to the High 
Altar ij^. To Jesus altar a stryke of barley. To the Bells ij<*.' 

1544. *Aug. 28th. Richard Harper of Water Eaton bequeaths to the 
High Altar of Kid. ijd.' 

John Danyell, curate, these witness.' 

1544. *Sept. 9th. Richard Travis of Water Eaton bequeaths to the 
High Altar of Kid. xij*. To Jesus altar viij*. To the rode light xij'^. To 

* CaL letters foreign and domestic, ^ Coll. for Oxon, vol. 6; Wills, MS. 
voL I, p. 403. Top. Oxon, c. 47. 



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44 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

the Bells xij^. To the Torches viij*. To the reparation of the church 
xxd.» 

1544. 'Oct 13th. Robert Macham of Kid. bequeaths to the High 
Altar iiijd.* 

1545. 'Sept. 15th. William Andrews of Kid. bequeaths to the High 
Altar iiijd. To the Torches ij^. To the Bells ij^. 

John Pyckard, curate, witness.' 
1545* 'June 5th. Henry Laurence Vicar of Kidlington bequeaths his 
body to be buried in Kid. church within the chancel of our Blessed Lady : 
Item, I bequeath to the Stone of Jesus iij» iiij*. Item, I bequeath to the 
bell ringers at my burial viij<*. Item, I bequeath to Exeter College, Oxon, 
xl" and all my books which xl* I will the Rector and Fellows of the said 
College of Mr. Bale parson of Honiton in Devonshire owing to me to 
said sum.' Augustine Cross, priest, witnessed. 

This was the last Vicar before the new disposal of the Vicarage. 

The 'Stone of Jesus' may have been the Easter Sepulchre, if not 
the same with the Jesus altar. No doubt if the whitewash were 
removed, some emblem would be revealed to decide the question. 
In conventual churches it was usual to have the choir screened oflF for 
the use of the community. Outside the screen was another altar 
where daily mass would be said and the Blessed Sacrament reserved 
for the devotion of the people, and this was called the * Jesus altar.' 

The piscina belonging to this altar is still in its place in this church. 



IV.— Sir William Petre and Exeter College. 

Dr. William Petre had been one of the Commissioners, with Thomas 
Cromwell in the 27 Henry VIII., appointed to enquire into the conduct 
of all the monasteries in England, that their enormities might be 
discovered or raiher that their lands might be confiscated As a 
reward for this service he was knighted, and obtained for himself and 
Gertrude his wife in fee the advowsons of the Priory of Clattercote, 
with the Churches of Merton, Yamton, Kidlington, and Long Witten- 
ham, which four latter he gave to Exeter College. Sir William, 
adhering to the Catholic religion under Mary, found it incumbent upon 
him to apply to the Pope for license to hold church lands, and from 
Paul IV. he obtained permission to purchase abbey lands. During 
Queen Mary's reign the Pope, through Cardinal Pole, granted absolu- 
tion to all Catholic holders of church property at that time, an indul- 
gence which nevertheless did not prevent the Queen fi-om restoring to 
the church all she held in her private possession. Sir William Petre 
made this solemn resolution for his own guidance, 'that he would resign 



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THE RECTORY AND VICARAGE. 45 

an rectories or appropriated tithes and glebe to their first spiritual uses, 
and was ready to make immediate restitution for that purpose ^' 

1565. The purchase of the church property in Kidlington by Sir 
W. Petre took place in this year, Thomas Frauncys being the actual 
tenant. The words of the Deed are as follows : — 

*Wheras our brother Edward by letters patent in 1548 to-farm-let 
to Richard Tavemer the Rectory and Mansion of Cudlyngton upon the 
Greene with the buildings and tithes, &c. (after the end of the estate of 
Robert Saunders) for ai years at the rent of £20 and wheras we have to- 
£irm-let to Thomas Frauncis * the reversion of the said rectory for 30 years 
at £ao, and wheras we to-£u*m-let to John Chamberlayne some lands in 
Thorp then occupied by Humphrey Wells ' : 

Know ye that we for a sum of £1376 11/. \^d. from Sir William Petre 
grant the said Wm. Petre the reversion of the said Rectory of Cudlington 
with the buildings and the two messuages in Thorp latdy belonging to 
Godstow, all without reserving any rent except the £10 issuing from Cud- 
lington for the Curate's stipend *.' 

1566. The following year Sir W. Petre settled his new purchase 
upon Exeter College, with the Manor of Litde Tew, which he had 
acquired at the same time ^ This was followed three years later by 
the purchase and gift of the Mills of Kidlington to the same College, 
Dr. Nele being at that time Rector. 

The thu-ty years' lease to Thomas Frauncis was allowed to run out 
before the College took any substantial benefit from their new property. 
In 1591 the College undertook a lawsuit against William Rayns- 
ford, of Little Tew, for unlawful possession of the Rectory House, and 
also to examine into his claims to the manor of Little Tew. His 
lease of this manor dated from 6th August, 1509 ; he seems to have 

* White Kennet, vol. 2, p. 55, &c teiy.— * Received of Homphrey Weyle 

« • Thomas Francis of Christ Church, for a Copy of the Court for the rent of 

after he had taken his d^jee of A.M. his farm, £2 13X. 4/3^ 

gave up Divinity and entered in the * Deed in Archives of Exeter CoU., 

physic line 1550, King's Professor of also printed in Register of Exeter, by 

Physic, as Deputy for Dr. Warner 1552, C. W. Boase, p. ao6. 

M.B. 1553, Provost of Queeu's 1561, * '1566. Computus Rectoris — a M. 

Physician to Queen Elizabeth, and Tavemer pro rectoria nostra de Cudling- 

much respected by her.' Athenae Bliss, ton, xiiiiM* viii*.* R^;ister of Collie, 

voL 5. Boase,p. 181. Richard Tavemer*s town 

' For Chamberlayne, see p. a6. He house was at the west comer of High 

married a daughter of George Owen, Street and Alfred Street and was for- 

and thus perhaps came into possession merly known as Pam or Tabard HaU. 

of the fields in Thrap, the former pro- Wood, Clark, vol. i. p. 149. The rec- 

perty of Godstow. Marshaira Wood- tory house must have been partly rebuilt 

stock, p. 145. Chamberlain's rent to at this time, as upon a stone above one 

the coUege was 53^. yi. Coll. papers — of the chimneys in an upper room is the 

Valor Eccl., Thrup. Godstow monas- date in old characters, 1578. 



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46 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

lost the suit, for the expenses were finally paid by cutting down the 
trees upon the estate of Little Tew by the College, and they finally 
sold that property. 

1594. The issue of this dispute being probably doubtful, three years 
later the Queen addressed a letter to the Fellows of the College re- 
questing them to give a lease of the house at Kidlington to one Robert 
Knollys. What came of this request, which was one among many of 
her Majesty's in favour of her needy courtiers, we do not know, but the 
estate was imdertaken by the College, and a lease granted to one of 
the Fellows. 

*i6oi, 16 July, The Rectory of Kidlington was let to James Eveleigfa, 
Fellow of Exeter, for 10 years, at a fine of £300 ^' 

1639. Edward Standard, the son of Friswith Raynsford, took up the 
lease, and it continued in his descendants' name for nearly two hundred 
years. The lease was firom ten years onwards, renewable every third 
year upon fine. 

v.— Tenants of the Rectory or Parsonage House 
OF Cudelington on the Green. 

1530. Tenants for life from the Abbot of Oseney. Robert Saunders 
and Agnes his wife. 

1548. The reversion granted by Edward 6th to Richard Tavemer. 

155^. Robert Saunders resigns his lease in favour of Tavemer. To 
Thomas Frauncis M.D. from Queen Elizabeth for 30 years. 

1565. Sale of the estate to Sir William Petre. 

1566. Sir William Petre conveyed it to Exeter College. 

1 59 1. The lease to Frauncys expiring College went to law with William 
Raynsford. 

1594. Letter from the Queen in favor of Robert Knowllys. 

1 60 1. The College took the estate in hand. Lease to Eveleigh for 10 
years. 

1639. Les^se to Edward Standard. 

A gap here occurs which probably should be for Thomas Standard. 

1690. Thomas Smith. 

1706. Humphrey Smith. 

1719. Mary Smith. 

1721. Heywood, Executor to Humphrey Smith. 

172 1. Joseph TyrreL 

1784. Joseph Tyrrel. 

1787. George Knapp. 

1809. Henry Knapp. 

1 8 10. Bought out by the College. 

181 1. Mr. Hall, brewer. 

* Register u.s., p. 49. 



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THE RECTORY AND VICARAGE. 47 

Family of Standard. 

Arms. 
Vert, an arrow in pale, point downwards ai^gcnt 

The family of Standard owned the Manor of Whitehill, in the parish 
of Tackley, which they obtained by maniage with the heiress of that 
estate. Previous to this there is no local record of their name. 
Edward Standard, whose marriage with a Raynsford seems to have 
led to his taking the lease of the Rectory at Kidlington. was settled in 
Oxford, where his children were bom. Their mother was Elizabeth 
Holloway, of Water Eaton; shortly after her death he married 
Margaret Fifield, of Farraington (Gloucestershire), and he is buried 
with her in the chancel of the church of Kidlington. His eldest son, 
Dr. John Standard, was elected Fellow of Exeter College, which place 
he held for sixteen years. He relinquished it, in favour of his brother 
Anthony, upon his marriage with Bridget Lenthal, the sister to the 
Speaker of the House of Commons, and daughter to Sir John Lenthal, 
of Cutslow. Dr. Standard does not appear to have lived in Klidling- 
ton, but one son, who from his epitaph must have been especially dear, 
lies in the chancel of the church there. He himself and his eldest 
child were buried at Tackley, where he had been Rector for many 
years. Of the remaining children, one William became Fellow 
of Exeter, but on his marriage he setded in Devon, and the rest 
of the family appear to have left this coimty. A branch lived at 
Middleton Stoney in an old house now pulled down, called ' The 
Priory ^' 

Thomas Standard succeeded his father Edward in the lease at 
Kidlington. He married Margaret, his cousin, daughter of Robert 
Standard, of Shipton. Of his two daughters, the second married 
Thomas Smith, the elder died in infancy. Although the lease ^to 
Thomas Standard appears to have been lost, it is evident from the 
succeeding one to Smith, that he had been in possession : for Thomas 
Smith succeeded in right of his wife, who is said to have been daughter 
and heiress of Thomas Standard*. 

1690. This year the lease is renewed to Smith upon the death of 
his father-in-law. In the Parish Register he is styled of 'Elsfield.* 
. He and his wife both died in the year 1 706, and their son Humphrey 
succeeded to them. 

* Palish Register of Middleton. They Standard was buried in woollen.' Over- 
were also at Amcot. 8eer*s book. 
« ' 1686, 25 Feb. Mr. Thomas 



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48 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

1719. Upon the death of Humphrey Smith the name of his wife Mary 
appears, and two years later Heywood of Oxford signs as the remain- 
ing trustee. 

We shall reserve any further notice of this family of Smith for a 
separate section ; it was of considerable importance in the Parish, and 
in its various branches filled an honourable place in our history. 

1721-1784. Next we come to Joseph Tyrrell, father and son. The 
Tyrrells seem to have been introduced into Kidlington by the mar- 
riage of Mr. Mann with the heiress of Tyrrell of Hanslape. In 1753 
Katherine Tyrrell married George Knapp, and the lease was renewed 
in his name ^. 

1787. Henry Knapp succeeded, when, upon his refusal to renew, 
the lease was allowed to run out. The fine of £300 was divided among 
the Fellows of the College, and the following year Knapp's lease 
was bought up. The land tax was redeemed upon the Rectory 
in 1803. 

i8n. This year the Parsonage house and farm was let to Mr. Hall, 
brewer, upon condition he should lay out a considerable sum upon the 
erection of bams and home stables, and upon the arable land. 

After Mr. Hall's tenancy expired, Mr. William Fitzherbert Young 
rented the farm and house ^ 

182L The enclosure of the parish materially affected the value of 
this property. Fifty years previous it had been valued at £460 i6j. a 
year, after the enclosiu-e was effected the value rose to £1000. Under 
the Award, Exeter College got the fifth part in value of all arable, the 
seventh of greensward, called Campsfield ^ and the ninth of all other 
meadows and pastures in Kidlington and Thrup which are subject to 
tithes. 

1845. The estate was increased by the purchase of property in 

^ < 1786. On Tuesday morning died churchyard of St Clement's, Oxford, 

at Kidlington, aged about 80, Joseph Mr. Knapp was M.P. for Abingdon. 

Tyrrell, Esq. He was a gentleman of Arthur Young remarks that he had a 

very considerable fortune, which we thrashing machine (a novelty in his 

understand he has bequeathed to his time) of two horse-power. It was built 

sisters and nephews.' A Scrap book of by Freeman of Stony Middleton, and 

newspaper cuttings. Cough's Add. cost Bfty guineas. 

Oxon, 4«». 49. — In Bodleian. The dates * See History of Begbroke. 

and particulars of this lease are from ' Campsfield so called from the 

the Archives of Exeter College. The vicinity of the castle or camp at Beg- 

Knappswere related to the Smiths, and broke. Heame sajrs, * I believe there 

inherited all their property near Head- were other camps on this great field.* 

ington. They are buried in the new Bliss, Remains, p. 393. 



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THE RECTORY AND VICARAGE. 49 

Church End from the Executors of Bond Spindlow, of Gosford Hill, 
formerly the property of the Rev, John Austin, the representative of 
Almont This was a house and premises with Austin's close and 
meadows adjoining. 

The fund for this purchase was what was known as the * Jesus Fund/ 
being £1000 arising from the sale to Jesus College of an old tenement 
in Oxford called Leadenhall ^ 

1863. The farm called * Frise ' or the * Frizers ' was bought from 
Colonel Fuller, including timber and expenses, for the sum of £6340 
I ox. 2d. Shortly after the old house' in Church End was acquired 
from Brasenose College. 

The Rectorial tithes are charged upon the land lying between the 
village and the river and the meadows near Thrup, and what was 
known as * Copton field/ lying upon the Oxford and Banbury road. 

1873. The house near the Mill, an old estate of the Smiths, was 
bought by the College with eighty-three acres of land. 

So far this account of the property represents what belongs to the 
Rector as representing the Abbot of Osney. What appertains to him 
as Vicar is noticed in the history of the Vicarage. 



VI.— KiDLiNGTON Mill, 

With the Right of Fishing attached to it, 

1220-30. The Water Mill at Kidlington is mentioned in Domesday 
as worth 30J. Early in the thirteenth century Henry d'Oiley assigned 
his rents from the Mill to the Church in the following terms : — 

'Henry de Oylly grants to the church and canons of Osney for the 
health of his soul and the souls of his predecessors and successors especially 
for Sibyl his wife and Matilda his daughter, ioo> of rent annual for which 
he assigns to them 6o» which he was accustomed to receive from his mill 
at Cudlington and the homage and service of Elye the Miller and his 
heirs ; also he gives to them in his same manor, in frankalmoigne one vir- 
gate of land, namely that which Ralph Riveling held with a messuage and 
croft and with all that appertains to it within and without the village.' 
Charter 380'. 

12240-60. This gift was supplemented and completed by the tenants 
and holders of the Mill in this maimer. 

* On the award map Nos. 180, 181, 'On map, No. 183. 

182 and four cottages No. 174. Boa»e*s ' Catalogue of Charters, Turner and 

Reg. of Exeter Coll., p. 218. Coxe, Bodl. 

E 



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50 HISTORY OF KIDUNGTON. . 

Warine FItz Elye gave the Mill at Cudlington \ William son of Elye 
the Miller (formerly) of Cudlington grants to the Church and Canons of 
Osney in Frankalmoigne a fishery in Cherwell with appurtenances. Alice 
the relict of Elye the Miller quit claimed to Osney Abbey her right in 
the lands and tenements in the village of Cudlington which her husband 
had there ^ Charter 381 & 384. 

11167. I'l this year the Mill is referred to as the property of the 
Abbey ', and in the Valor Ecclesiasticus it is assessed amongst their 
other properties at £14 %s, per annum. 

Upon the suppression of the House it fell to Christ Church with the 
remainder of the Abbey lands in Kidlington, but after the change in 
the Bishopric it remained in the King's hands, the leases granted by 
Christ Church still standing. 

1545. There is extant a bond between Dr. Richard Cox, Dean 
of that College, and John Dennet, sometime Bailifif of Water Eaton, 
under the late Abbot, for the lease of the Mill at Kidlington, with its 
actual tenant Sam Newton. Three years after the purchase of the 
Rectory Sir William Petre bought the Mill and the right * of fishing 
over half a mile with Dr. Kenal's ' house in Oxford for the sum of 
£116, and made it all over to Exeter College. 

In the original Deed it is described as follows : 

*Duo* molendina aquatica cum uno cotagio stabulo et uno quartero 
terre situat &c. ac etiam decimas ac eorumdem molendinorum ac etiam 
aquam et piscariam ejusdem aquae a Prichnun's weare usque ad Dowker's 
wear.' 

This last name reminds us of Thomas Dowcra, the last Prior of the 
Knights of St. John. May he not have created this weir near his house 
at Gosford ? 

The tenants of the Mill since Sam Newton have been : From 1633 
to 1675, John HoUoway and his wife. From 1675 to 1711, Martin 
May, whose seal is attached to his lease. From i7iitoi732, . . . . 
Rowney. From 1732 to 177 6, Henry Barret. From 1776 to 1790, 
Hanwell. Then Edward and Thomas Nicholls, and in 1832, William 
Scroggs. 

* Chartulary of Osney Abhey at from the miller; in all the list of 
Christ Chnrch, p. 43. tenants the ' Fisherman ' is men- 

" Catalogue of MSS. in Bodley, tioned. 
n. s. * It is not known where Dr. KenaVs 

* See pp. 14 and 33. house stood. 

* The fishing in the river here appears * Each pair of stones was reckoned 
to have been let to a separate person as a Mill. 



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THE RECTORY AND VICARAGE. 



51 



The Family of Scroggs. 

Some members of this family have been for many years settled in 
Kidlington. They are of the yeoman family of the same name at 
Deddington, of whom came Judge Scroggs. The name is occasion- 
ally spelt Scraggs, which variation is traditionally accounted for by 
the dislike of certain members of the family to sign their name in the 
same way as the notorious judge. 

The earliest marriage in the Kidlington Register of this family occurs 
in 1751. 



PEDIGREE OF STANDARD OF WHITEHILL AND KIDLINGTON, 

CO. OXFORD. 
Drcttvnfram the Harhian ColLffrom the Parish register , and from tombstones. 

Arus. 

1. Standard.—K^paxtcrXj^ ist and 4th vert, an arrow or, barbed and feathered argent ; and 
and 3rd ^les, a lion rampant between three buckles ai^nt (Harleian Visitation). The and 
and^rd in this coat, accordinsf to a tombstone in Woodstock church, stand for Whitehill (the 
lion at Woodstock is passant, see Marshall's Woodstock, p. xi6). 

2, Standard and FyUld.—ra pale, ist Standard; and and^per pale three acorns coantcr- 
changed,* Pifield. Upon the tombstone of Ed. Standard in Kialington church, 1641. 

4. Standard and Lgnihal.—VfT pale. Standard ; and ' aoarterly ist and 4th a bend lotengy, 
and and ^rd per bend, three mullets cotised,' LenthaL Upon the tombstone of Ed. Standard 
in Kidlington church, 1639. 

Stephen Standard =^ Isabel, dan. and heiress of Edmund 
^ Whitehill, of Whitehia 



Elizabeth Attwood, -f. 
ofAttwood. 



SrSWillij 



liamChesoldWhitehUl). 



(an< 



Robert, who bought = Friswith Raynsford. 
WhitehUl again. | 



Fifield, i6i6» := Edward, who rented ^ Elisabeth Holloway, of Water Eaton, 



Mar^ret , 

at Farmingtonl Glos., 
dfed and boned at 
KidHngton, 1643. 



Kidlington Rectory, 
died and buried 
Kidlington, 164: 



ICUICU ^> 

!Ctory, I 
ied at 



died and buried at Kidlington, 1615. 



(ot<1) I (3rd) 

William Bdwaid = Mary Hynton Thomas = Mar^garet Standard, Robert ^ Alke Rashbome, 
died infant buried at j ofShiptonS. gent ^'olj^*^- a.^a 

Kidling^ ' 
ton,i6S 



i6ai2. 



^1 



Anthony, bom Oxon, 1596 = in i6a8 j — 

elected FeUow of Exeter Margaret died infant. Alice = Thomas Smith. 

ColL in place of his 

brother John, 1614 j j 



of Shjpton, died 

at Shipton, 
May 10, 1664^. 



L 



Edward Agnes 



1st son bom Oxon, 1581. Dr. John Standard == Bridget Lenthal, sister to 
elected by Exeter Coll. Pellow in 1600. j the Speaker. 

Rector of and buried at Tackley, 1647. 



Edward John Robert _ WUBj 

bur. at 
Kidlington, 
1629, aged 8. 

> Reg. of Pannington. 



T 



Bridget, bap. 

at Kidlington, 

1653- 



daughter 

bur. at 

Tackley, 

1615. 



Eliza Prances 



William, 
Pellow of Exeter 

Coll., 1644. 
=in Devon, 1665. 

« Reg. Kidlington. » Wood, MSa E 5- 

E 2 



Margaret 
Bridget 



Margaret (?) 
Jane 



« Rawlinson, MS. 



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CHAPTER III. 

MisceUaneotis. 

I.— A FEW Facts relating to the Church, 
FROM THE Parish Books. 

The account of the Rectory and Vicarage may appropriately be 
followed by a short statement of the management of the Parish 
Church drawn chiefly from the Church Wardens' and Vestry books. 

The Church Wardens' account book dates from the year 1754, and 
begins with a hst of articles belonging to the Church, written and 
signed by James Lamb, Town Church Warden, 2nd August. 

1754. 'Received from Joseph Haines late C. W. the following par- 
ticulars : 

'One new Pall cloth, one Old. 

One silver flaggon. 

One silver cup and cover. 

One silver salver. 

A velvet Pulpit cloth and cushion. 

Two surplices. A Hood. 

One Table cloth and Napkin. 

A brass plate to collect money. 

A Bible and two Common Prayer Books. 
Delivered the above particulars into the Qerk's care by the consent of 
the Vestry.' 

1756-9. There is ample evidence of care bestowed upon the Church 
both by the Rector and the Vestry. During these years the Steeple 
was repaired at the cost of £12 u., and the *cock' for lar. gd,, the 
same siun being expended upon whitewash. The gallery * at the west 
end was at that time erected, Mr. Gladwell's charity being spent upon 
it; painting and gilding it with suitable inscription costmg £4 6s. Sd. 

' See also chapter on Charities for at this time church warden. This 
W. Plaistow*s money. John Dod was gallery was taken down in 1859. 



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MISCELLANEOUS, 53 

The following is from the Gmtlemeris Magazine, 1789, page 302, 
and refers to the so-called restorations : 

^ The church of Kidlington I am informed is now repairing and paving. 
The labourers have much demolished the remnants of antiquity in that 
fabric. Brass plates with effigies and inscriptions sufficient to cover a 
space of five feet by four, have been torn up. The painted glass is daily 
delapidating. An ancient stone coffin, which for many years lay under the 
eave droppings of the church, was during the late severe frost shattered to 
pieces.' J. Henn, Sulgrave, Northants *. 

In one of the parish account books some years later is a mention of 
the sale of old brass, perhaps that mentioned above. In Church War- 
dens' book, * 1837, Received for old brass, 6d, per lb., 5^.* 

i8oo. This year the Tenor or Sans bell was recast by Thos. Mears, 
of London, at the cost of £5 ioj., and a glazier's bill was incurred of 
£19. The clock was bought in 1805 from one Fardon, who was 
paid seven gumeas, probably for setting it up and regulating it. About 
the year 1 810 the Steeple was struck by lightning, and a tender was 
put out for repairs. These were completed in two years' time at the 
cost of £90. Four years later extensive repairs were done upon the 
roof. New leading to the extent of £16, also the causey leading to 
the church was pitched. In 1828 Exeter College spent £200 on the 
Chancel, and £53 16^. on east window'. In 1830 the church was 
repaired, and then it was that the carved benches were moved from 
the body of the church and placed in the present position in the choir. 

1837* The platform for ringing the bells was erected in the Tower, 
previously they had been rung from the floor of the church. When 
all was finished the church was reopened for service, the sermon upon 
the occasion being preached by Archdeacon Gierke. No rate had been 
asked for the repewing, the cost being defrayed by private subscriptions. 
Repairs were again necessary in 1837, and work upon the Tower cost 
£30*. 

i846. Ten years later the south Transept and Chancel demanded 
attention, Dr. Richards being then Rector. In a Vestry called to 
consider the matter it was resolved to raise the sum by rate of £260, 
the Rector and Curate charging themselves with all extra expenses. 



* In Beesley'g History of Banbury we * Register, Boase, p. 128. 

find that Mr. J. Henn was assistant ' '1843. James Young, first child 

teacher at Sulgrave School in 1790, and baptized in the restored font.' Parish 

in the same year removed to Aldridge Register, 
in Staffordshire. 



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54 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

1848. The church windows were broken by some disorderly people, 
and a fine of £3 was levied upon them for their unseemly conduct. 

1853. About this time the waste land near the Pound was enclosed 
by the neighbouring owners, and the Rector and Vestry agreed to 
take in the patch next the churchyard, to cut down the trees, build a 
wall, and the Rector to pay the expenses of consecrating the new piece. 

The following year we are reminded of the suflferings of our troops 
in the Crimea by a public prayer and fast ordered, and in 1856 the 
church bells proclaimed the Peace, the same year being worthily 
marked by the abandonment of the ringing on Guy Fawkes' day, the 
Ringers having an allowance made them at Easter instead. 

1880. Again the fabric of the old church called for repairs, and now 
it was the south aisle which was in danger. The roof also of the nave 
was found to be much decayed, and was pronounced to be in an unsafe 
condition. The old chestnut beams were taken out and proved to be 
extensively decayed in the socket The south waU was taken down to 
the ground and rebuilt. 



Inscriptions upon the Church Bells in 18 13. 

I. Richard Keene made me^. i66i. 
3. Bartholomew Aston made me; 1621. 

3. William Cozier — Thos. Dawson, C.W. 17 15. 

4. John Bull made me. 1610. 

5. John Saunders — John Springhall, C.W. 1700. 

6. Thomas Dawson — Richard Sampson, C.W. 1708. 
Sancte. Thos. Mears of London fecit. 1800.* 

This list is taken from Dr. Sjmionds' MS. in possession of 
T. Davenport, Esq., County Office, Oxford. 



The Lay Subsidies for the 15th and i6th Henry VIII for this 
Parish were respectively £7 6s, od. and £5 15^. iid,\ 



* Richard and James Keene carried on See Marshall's Woodstock, p. 184. 

a bell-foondry in Woodstock sometime ' Thomas Mears was of Whitediapel, 

between the dates 1626 to 1681. They London, Stainbank Fomidry. 

cast many bells for Oxford churches, and ' Sab«idy Rolls, Kydlyngton. Record 

also for those in the neighbourhood. Office. 



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MISCELLANEOUS. 55 

II.— Coats of Arms in the Church Windows, 

Taken from Anthony \ Wood's MSB., E. i, D. 14, B. 15. 

* In east window of chancel ' : — 

1. June 14, 165a. * Gules, a fret of 3 pieces or/ in another place 
Wood has * Gules, a fret or, within a bordure argent, charged with 8 
fleurs-de-lys sable/ For Audky; see page 21. 

2. ' Cheeky argent and sable ' for Elmerugge ; see page 23. This 
shield is now to be found in south wmdow of chancel : — 

3. * Or, two bends azure ' ; for cTOtley. 



' In east window of chapel of south aisle ' (Sydenham aisle), 

1. 'Argent, 6 annulets gules, 3. 2. 1/ This coat is iox Plessets, 
and was repeated three times in this wmdow. One of them is now in 
the south window of chanceL 

2. * Gules, a fesse between 6 crosses croslet or.' Beauchamp ; see 
d'Oiley pedigree. 

3. * Azure, 3 lioncelles rampant or.' This probably for Sandford\ 
see d'Oiley pedigree. This shield is now in south window of chancel. 

4. ' Or, two bars gules, with an annulet in chief.' This for Mcutdit ; 
see d'Oiley pedigree. 

5. * Gules, 6 bezants, 3. 2. i.' Zouche, 



*In another of south aisles, where there is a door to come in* 
(Transept) : — 

1. 'Quarterly, ist and 4th azure, a fesse between 3 leopards' faces 
or ; 2nd and 3rd argent, a lion rampant or.' This shield is for De la 
Pole. It is now in the east window of chancel. 

2. In south windows of the south aisle. ' Argent, a chief azure, over 
all a hon rampant or, tail-forked. Burgkwash, Impaling azure, a fesse 
between three leopards' faces or.' Pole. 

3. * Argent, a saltire engrailed sable.' Bouietort. These arms im- 
paling Segrave were in the church at Dorchester. Wood says that at 
the time of his visit there was still a portion of a wooden canopy over 
the altar in this aisle ^ 



' In one account Wood says that these shields, Nos. a and 3, were in the sonth 
window of the Sydenham aisle. 



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56 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

' In north aisle adjoining chancel' (Conant's aisle): — 

1. 'Gules, 2 lions passant argent/ Tox Le Strange, This shield 
now in south window of chancel. 

2. 'Vairr^, on a canton a garb argent banded or.' De la Beche\ 
see page 23. 

3. * Cheeky argent and sable/ Elmerugge, 

4. * Chevron between 3 buckles (oval each charged with 4 roses). 
Crox/ard] see page 23. 

5. 'Argent, chevron between 3 buckles, as above, sable, impaling 
barr^ of 6 aziu^ and argent* 

Under all at bottom of window is written * Orate pro ambz Hugonts 
Holcor {ei)\ 



*In another north aisle where Thrup people bury' : — 

1. 'Quarterly azure, a fesse between 3 leopards' faces or,' and 
* argent a bend gules bearing 3 pairs of wings of the first' This is 
for De la Pole and Wtngfield. 

2. The same impaling, ' Gules, 3 wheels or/ Roet or Chaucer ; see 
page 26 noie, 

3. 'Argent, a chevron between 3 buckles charged with 4 roses sable, 
impaling barr^ of 8 (or 6) azure and argent.' Croxford and Grey, 
On this window was written 'Robert Croxford and Johanna his 
wife'; see page 25. 



' In an upper window of the body of the church these coats quar- 
tered ' :— 

1. ' Azure, a fesse between 3 leopards' faces or, argent, a chief gules, 
over all a lion rampant, tail forked or,' for Burghwash] see page 28. 

2. The same with a file of 3 points. Under which is written 
Thomas Mawn/eld. 

Again : — 

I. The same arms with the file. 



* The Dame Holcot is written above The Holcots were for many generations 

this coat in Wood's MS. Observe that bnried at Bnckland. The above Hugh 

the same bearings are said to belong to Holcot was no doubt agent in some 

Croxford in following window. We are manner to the Duke of Suffolk. The 

here probably treating with various Holcot arms arc Lozengy within a 

agents, who are using their patron's arms. bordure. Wood, MS., D. 1 1 . 



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MISCELLANEOUS. 57 

2. 'Parted per fesse argent and sable counter-changed, a pike* 
embowed and a ram.' This is now in south window of chancel. 

3. A shield or, charged with a Capital letter T within a knot of 
rope sable. Under these three was written * Thomas Mawnfelde et 
Johanna uxor ejus.' (This shield now in the east window.) 

These were probably over the ' Jesus ' altar in the nave. We know 
nothing of Thomas Mawnfelde. He possibly was agent to the Earls 
of Suflfolk and to the Abbey. 



' In other windows of church, some of which have been in the aisles 
and I think in the chancel' 

1. * Sable, lion rampant argent crowned or, fleur-de-lys upon his 
shoulder.' Segrave\ see d'Oiley Ped. 

2. 'Or, fretty of 3 gules, on a chief sable 3 bezants.' Verdon; 
see Basset Ped. 

3. ' Or, lion rampant sable.' Hugo de Welles^ Bishop of Lincobi, 
1209 to 1234. 

4. * Or, a bend cotised between 6 martlets sable.' Beauchamp, Lord 
SL Amand; see page 21 note, 

5. 'Argent, creusilly fitch^ 3 fleurs-de-lys sable.' These are the 
arms of John de Bereford or Beresford, Mayor of Oxford, in the 
years 1348, 1349, 1350, 1351, and 1354. The same coat appeared 
in the windows of Christ Church, of Carfax Church, and of Great 
Haseley Church. He gave to three of the Friaries in Oxford the sum 
of 13J. 4d. in the year of his death, 1361 '. His name was put upon 
the Bede roll of the City as a Benefactor, and he was buried with his 
wife in the Lady Chapel in All Saints church '. 

6. 'Argent, bend lozengy or, 5 lozenges sable.' Brandon'i 

7. * Argent, 2 bars nebuld sable,' for Basset ; see page 10. 

8. ' Argent, lion rampant sable.' Siapkton^. 

9. 'Gules, 3 fleurs-de-lys or.' CanUhipe) see d'Oiley Ped. 

10. 'Argent, on a bend sable 3 plates.' Under this last is written 
Lawrence Trilowe of Ames and his wyfe, mccccvi ; see page 22. 

11. In the next window was Pole and Wingfield impaling Roet or 
Chaucer. 

* Wood calls this a ' dolphin,* but it Strange may be accounted for by the 
is an unmistakeable/i^. See p. 59. neighbouring village of Middleton 

' Wood, Clark, vol. 2, pp. 109, 177, having belonged to Lady Le Strange, 

333, 440-462. who married Sir Miles Stapleton of 

* Turner's Oxford Records, p. 415. Bedale. 

* The arms of Stapleton and Lc 



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58 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

In the present east window are fragments of ancient glass, including 
two old shields ; and two modem, ist, the arms of Exeter College, 
' 2 bends nebuM/and 2nd, 'or, a chevron gules, within a bordure azure 
charged with mitres or,' not known. 

In south window are 5 old shields and three modem, viz. Plessets, 
Le Strange, Elmerugge, Sandford and the Pike and Ram : Sir W. 
Petre ; another, * sable, a chevron between 3 garbs or,' for Field, 
probably the Bishop of Newfoundland who was once curate here; 
and the coat quarterly of Dr. Jones, Rector of Exeter College. 



' These crests were in several windows ' (Wood, E. i.) : — 

1. A hand issuing out of a wreath, holding a ball or. 

2. A cap on a helmet argent. 

3. A wing issuing out of a cap on a helmet argent. 

4. A swan issuing out of a coronet or. (Beatichamp) 

5. A pair of horns issuing out of a coronet or on a helmet. 

6. A pair of ram's horns or, issuing out of a cap argent. 

7. A swan's head and neck argent, issumg out of a coronet or on 
a helmet (Grey'i) 

8. A man's head armed argent. {De la Pole) 

9. A lion passant guardant or crowned, on a cap argent. {England 
or perhaps Howard) 

10. A talbofs head on a cap argent. 

11. An ass's head proper issuing out of a coronet argent. 
{Chamberlayne) 

12. A pair of ram's horns or on a helmet 

13. A stork or falcon or, standing on a cap argent, pecking the end 
of it 

14. Two arms argent, issuing out of a coronet, holding a wreath or. 

15. A ram's hom or, on a cap with a helmet 

16. A griffin's head or on a helmet {Elmerugge) 



It is difficult to account for some of the above coats of arms, but 
the foUowmg remarks from one of Mr. Sheldon's note-books in the 
Wood collection may throw some light upon the matter. Speaking of 
the tomb of Alice Chaucer at Ewelme, he says : — 

' For though Montacute had no children by her, yet she was mother-in- 
law to the great " Scourge-King," Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick and 
Sanim, one of whose daughters married George, Duke of Clarence, whose 



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MISCELLANEOUS. 59 

arms are impaled on the Tomb to John Neville Marq. of Montacute, &c. 
These arms were placed on both sides of the Tomb to shew the greatness 
of the alliance of this Lady rather than her descent. This was the opinion 
of my learned and worthy friend, Mr. John Vincent, to whom I defer much 
in these cases.' Wood C-i i. p. 64. 



The old Stalls in the Church. 

In the choir of the church are certain ancient stalls, ten in number, 
of plain oak, the mouldings and under sides of the * Misereres' simply 
turned. In absence of any direct evidence these stalls are themselves 
sufficient proof of the presence of a certain number of Religious who 
here daily recited the Divine office. The kneeling stools are of much 
later date, and are for double the number of persons, one row in front 
of the other instead of being extended lengthwise. The panelling upon 
these ' stools ' or benches is elaborate Peipendicular work with poppy 
heads at the ends. Each bench is divided into five panels, each panel 
bearing some appropriate subject referring to the place. Beginning on 
the south side at the west end we find — ist, ^Pike swallowing a smaller 
fish ; above it a wheel pattern. 2nd, a Ram^ a Pike^ a Pheon or lance 
head, a cushion bearing the monogram T within an O, surrounded 
by a knotted cord. The whole of this device is represented in the 
windows in old glass. The reading is probably as follows : The Pike 
represents the fisheries of Gosford ; the Ram the sheep of Campsfield, 
the principal industries of the place, be it also remembered that the 
Rood Light was kept alive by the produce of fifteen sheep. The whole 
would stand as the arms of the Township. The monogram T and O, 
Thomas of Cudlington, Abbot of Osney ? 3rd, a Staff vA^ a bunch of 
flowers tied to it, on either side of it, a Pitcher and a Tun, A rebus 
upon the name Kidlington — ^viz. Old English, Kid, a pitcher ; Lmg, a 
besom; and Tun, a frequent pun for ton^ This is valuable and 
curious as giving us the pronunciation of the name at the time. 4th, 
a very spirited representation of a Dog, perhaps taken with the ram 
completing the idea of the sheep farm. 5th, a Pelican m ' Her Piety,' 
a frequent emblem of the Blessed Sacrament 6th, an heraldic * Car- 
hunclel with an ornamental panel above. 7th, a large, well executed 
Rose, with ornamental work above. Certain land at Thrup was held 
from the Abbey by the payment of a rose. The three remaining panels 

' See frontispiece. 



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6o HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

are the Monogram of the Blessed Virgin MR, and two ornamental 
designs. Upon the north side beginning at the east end are ist and 
3rd, ornamental panelling. 2nd, a shield bearing T and O as in No. 2 
on the other side. 4th, a shield bearing five hearts thus : From the 
centre one a flame issuing, the four others pierced by nails. — Doubt- 
less the five wounds of our Saviour, and probably the arms of some 
Abbot. 5th, the lily growing out of a vase for Our Lady's Salutation. 
6th, I. H. S., and the remaining four conventional patterns. 



III.— Secular Affairs in Kidlington in the Reign 
OF Elizabeth. 

After the review we have made of church matters it is time to return 
to secular affairs in the Parish after the old order of society had passed 
away. The account of the breaking up of the Manor we leave to a 
separate chapter. The following notices have been gleaned from 
various sources: 

1593. A period of sickness and distress came upon the people about 
the thirty-fifth year of Queen Elizabeth, which called forth the charity 
of the neighbouring districts. The City Council in Oxford ordered a 
collection to be made throughout the City, and took effectual measures 
to ensure contributions. 

* It was agreed that the church wardens in everie parish of the City and 
Suburbs therof shall collect and further suche somes of money as everie 
person within their several parishes shall be willinge to give. To be 
employed towards the poore of Kidlington in this time of visitation and 
sicknesse, at the discretion of Mr. May, s'. The said church wardens 
delivering uppe with the same money a bill in writing as well of everie 
person that shall give any contribution as also those that refuse to give.' 
15th Maye, 1593*. 

Owing to this distress of poverty the people were restless and dis- 
contented, and moreover, exasperated by the enclosures made all 
around them by the new gentry lately settied upon the ancient Abbey 
lands. 

1596. The synopsis of a trial which took place will be read with 
interest in connection with this matter. A rising of the people with 
a view to pillage the county gentlemen's houses had been planned 
by some restless spirits urged on by the general distress of the time. 

* Turner's Coll. Oxon MSS., c. 54, p. 130. 



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MISCELLANEOUS, 6l 

*Rycote, Dec. 14th. 

* Henry Lord Norris, to Sir Will KnoUys, Comptroller of the House- 
hold. 

* I send you a letter from Sir William Spencer (of Yamton) with examina- 
tions concerning an intended rising of the people in Oxon. I want the 
Council's commands and order to be taken about enclosures on the western 
part of the shire, where the stir began, and that the poor may be able to 

live There was a rising planned at Enslow Hill, and aoo or 300 

editions people . . . Bartholomew Steere of Hampton Poyle (came to 
Lord Norris), Roger Ibill, miller, of Hampton Gay . . . said there would 
be such a rising as had not been seen a great while, and the meeting would 
be at Campsfield Green . . . told Roger Symonds, carpenter, of Hampton 
Gay, that he need not work this dear year for his living, for there would 
be a merry world shortly, and to encourage him, told him 100 men were 
coming from Witney to meet others at Enslow Heath, and they meant to 
spoil the houses of Mr. Power of Blachendon, Mr. Berry of Hampton Gay, 
Mr. Rathbone of Shipton, Mr. Fryer of Water Eaton, Mr. Whitton, 
Sir Henry Lee, and Sir WilL Spenser; and said they would cut oflf all the 
gentry's heads. John Harcourt, Gent, of Cogges and Mr. Pudsay of 
Elsfield were accused of offering to be the leaders. Edward Hoffer of 
Kidlington, a very dangerous fellow, met Richard Bradshaw near Bicester 
and when they were come near to Mr. Power's hedges they wished the 
hedges and they who made them in the ditches, and asked if there were 
not 100 good men who would rise and knock down the gentlemen and 
rich men who made com so dear, and who took the commons — Mr. Power 
had enclosed the commons and Mr. Fryer had destroyed the whole town 
of Water Eaton — ^their opinion will hardly be discovered unless it be on 
the rack, which they are likely to taste of * • . . .' 

1535. The following is interesting as giving us some insight into the 
license existing after the suppression of the Monasteries, how a thief 
found a convenient disguise in a monk's garb, and how he took refuge 
at Kidlington at the *Six Bells V Curiously enough this impostor 
' Abbot Salisbury,' is referred to as being in the Tower, in Ainsworth's 
* Tower of London.' 

Sir Walter Stonore to Cromwell. 

* I haue to aduertice you of certain ill disposed persons lately in Oxford 
of whom I am informed by Robt. Hall, who was taken at Thame for mak- 
ing money and sent to Oxford gaol by Sir John Dawnse. 

^ Cal. State papers, Domestic, Eliza- nearly opposite to the present hoase of 

heth 1595 to 1597, pp. 316 and 343. the sign. Mrs. Rand told me this, the 

Cooncil to examine prisoners. property had belonged to her hnsband. 

' The old public house of the ' Six This house called after the famous 

Bells ' stood upon the site of Edmonds' Osney Bells, 
house, behind Mrs. Rand*s house, and 



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6a HISTORY OF KIDUNGTON. 

He stated he would betray a great nest of thieves. On receipt of his 
letter (enclosed) I sent to Oxford to take •'the seyde abbot" and others 
who has fled to London. 

The Abbot is abbot of Vale crosse (Valle Gruds at Llangollen) in Wales 
and is a white monk named Sallysbere.' 

[The enclosure.] 
Robert Hall Goldsmith to Sir Walter Stonore. 
* This is the truth of the robbery of Hamlynton. The thieves were my 
Lord Abbot named Salbere, Will Pegot, his servant, Master Jonys, James 
Whelar, Perys Field, and Robert Hale, Goldsmith. 

The Abbot is at White Friars of Horforte (Oxford) or else at the 
Bellys, Kedlenton, for he is "great with him." Whateure they took the 
Abbot and Master Jonys had all, and none of us had one penny ^.' 



' An Inquisition Post Mortem of lands, &c., in the Manors of Kidlington 
and Chakendon, co. Oxon : parcel of the possession of the late John Kete V 



* One Anne Cottysford of Launton made her last wiU and testament the 
24 Nov., 1634, and thereby gave to her son-in-law, William Savage of 
Kidlington, £^ in three years after her death '.' 



Privy seals, &c., Chancery, 5 Charles L 
'John Heathe, son of Richard. 20 April, 4 Ch. L 
Livery of lands in Kidlington. 30 Nov., 7 Dec.' 

The name of Heathe occurs in the parish Register from 1574. 



From Visitation, 1566 to 1574. Harleian Society, vol. 5. 

GeoflBrey Raveninge ^ Margaret, dangfater and heiress of Richard Chaaiy, 
I Lord Mayor of London. 

Robert Raveninge, qs Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of 
of Cadlington | RegimUd Page. 

i^x>n the Green. I 

William Raveninge, of Oxon, gent, 
only son and heir. 

'William Raveninge was Town Clerk of Oxford in 1569 ^' 

There is no further information about this family in Kidlington. 



' John Dison of Kidlington disclaimed as no Gentleman °.' 

^ Cal. State papers, Hen. VIIL vol. Raveninge*s name is included in a list 

S> P* ^95* of those who died from the infection at 

' Cal. State papers, Domestic, 1547- the Black Assize in 1577. Wood, 

80, p. 404. Clark, vol. i, p. 369. 

» Turner's Coll. Oxon, Wills, vol. 6, » Turner's MS. Coll. Oxford, vol. 18 ; 

c 47, p. 165. idem, Visitations. 

* Turner's Records of the City. Mr. 



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MISCELLANEOUS. 63 

From Proceedings in Chancery, Eliz. K. k. 2. 

* Plaintiff, Thomas Kente— Defendant, Nicholas Rente, 

For performance of promise on marriage. Premises and land held of the 
Manor of Kidlington on the Green by Plaintiff's father, the Defendant.' 

Thomas Kente declares that his father had promised him half of his 
farming goods and one and a half yard lands upon condition of his 
marriage with Margaret Teasler, of Hampton Poyle, and although the 
marriage had been solemnized in Kidlington Church he withheld the 
goods and catde. The father deposed that he was willing to give his 
son half of his goods upon condition of his paying half the rent of 
certain lands called ' Lotten and pryce's ' lands. 

Some of the land held by Kente came into the possession of 
Madame Conant, and is that portion which lies between the Moors' 
Road and the Church. The * Lotten' land was probably the meadow 
by the. river side. 

* Inventory of Deeds,' vol. 2. 
Court of Wards and Liveries. 

15th Elizabeth, John Maunde, 13-16, Kidlington, 2. 3. 7. 9, and 
box 28 b. 

15th James I, John Fettiplace 2, Kedlington, i, 2. 3. 14, box 28 a. 



Depositions taken in the Bishop's Court, 1589, July 26th'. 
'Answers of Robert Maye of Kidlington in a cause against him by 
Thomas Tysdale, farmer of the Tithes of the Rectory of Kidlington. 
Witnesses — Christopher Atkins of Kidlington, aged 85. 

John Weale, alias Humphries, of Islip, aged 50. 
John Hughes of Kidlmgton, aged 37. 
In this case a field in Kidlington is called '' Saltstrete," and a furlong 
caUed " DurthiU Furlong."' 

Robert Maye's name is here spelt Mayowe on one occasion. 

From Proceedings in Chancery, Ehz. M. m. 14. 

* Plaintiff, Martin Maye — Defendants,Robert Maye and William Maunde. 
Claim under a deed of settlement : Two messuages and land in Kidlington, 
late estate of Robert Maye, Plaintifif^s father, and by him settled to divers 
uses.' 

The Plaintiff and Defendant in this Case were brothers, sons of 
Robert Maye, who in the thirty-seventh year of Elizabeth, made a 
Deed of setdement upon his second son Martin of his estate of two 
Tenements and one yard land. Martin says that his brother Robert 
aided by his cousin William Matmde had obtained possession of the 

* Turner MS., Top. Oxon, vol. 15, c. 56, Bodleian Library. 



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64 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

Deed and molested him in the quiet enjoyment of his farm. Robert 
denies the accusation and declares that no such Deed existed. James 
Kidder, Gent., is mentioned as being a Tenant upon the land. 
Robert Maye the Elder died 1597 (Parish Reg.). 



From Proceedings in Chancery, Eliz. D. d. 4. a.d. 1593. 

' Plaintiff, Anne Dod, widow and executrix of John Dod, junior, deceased 
— Defendants, Elizabeth and Richard Dod. Bill to establish rights to 
emblements: Messuages and land in Kidlington, held of the Manor of 
Kidlington, settled on Plaintiff's marriage by John Dod, elder, deceased.' 

The initials J. A. D. are still to be seen upon a beam of the bam of the 
* Manor Farm ' where the Dods lived \ 



Extract from the will of Thomas Hambleton, of Kidlington. 
(Bodleian. Rawlinson, c. 121, p. 134.) 

' I, Thomas Hambleton of the parish of St. Peter's Chains (ad Vincula) 
in the Tower of London, Taylor, being sicke in bodie but of good and 
pfect minde and memorie. • . . Item, I will that my loving wife Marrie 
Hambleton shall have, &c., my lands tenements, &c., as well freehold as 
copyhold, sett, lyinge and beinge in the parish of Kedlington in the countie 
of Oxford, &c., so long as she shall remaine a widdowe, &c., and I give to 
my Sonne George Hambleton and his heires after the descease of my said 
wiefe all, &c., in the occupation of Andrew Fletcher, Provided that he doe 
pay to my daughter Alice the summe of 20 markes ; I give and bequeathe 
to my Sonne Robert Hambleton all those, &C., now or late in occupation 
of Thomas Batcheler on condition that he shall pay to my daughter Maudlin 
the somme of 20 markes ; Provided that if my sons George and Robert 
refuse to pay the 40 markes then I will that all and every my saide lands, 
&c., to them before given, to my daughters Alice and Maudlin equally 
between them, they paying to either of my sons George and Robert the 
ao markes. Item, I give to my son William Hambleton ymediately after 
the demise of my wife* or intermarriage all, &c., every, &c., lying in 
Kidlington. Item, I give to my son Thomas Hambleton ^ the lease of my 
now dwelling house in St. Peter's ad Vincula on condition he doe permitt 
my saide wiefe to hould and enjoie the same during his life. Item, I give 
my Sonne Thomas my Bible and my ring. I appoint my wife sole execu- 
trix and my loving Ralph Flavell and my loving brother John Hambleton 
my overseers, &c., &c.' Dated 27 Oct. 1609. 



1 This was theirs by copyhold, as Aug. 1602.' Parish Register, 

may be seen in the above Chancery • • Thomas Hambleton of Lambeth, 

Deed and held by them from Mistress Smrey, and Mary Turner of Holywell, 

Gadburie. No. 105 on the map. Oxford, married 2 a June, 1 741-2.' 



a ( 



GoodwyiTe Hambleton buried 20 Register of Mag. Coll. : Bloxam. 



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MISCELLANEOUS. 65 

Calendar of State papers, Domestic, Vol. 1638-9, page 224. 14 
Charles I. 

* Certified copy of the will of William Tempest the elder made Aug. 9, 
1627, but apparently in question in Trinity Term, 16 38. He mentions his 
wife, his son Robert, Thomas the lawyer, Andrew and William, and his 
daughter Elizabeth, and his cousins Robert Tempest and George Vaughan ; 
and he bequeaths his farms at Norton, Ridlington, and Somerton.' 

We have no further notice of Tempest in Kidlington. 
Mr. Blomfield, Deanery of Bicester, pt. 4, p. 128, Somerton, has this 
same extract, and also 

* Willmus. Tempest gener sepultus fuit, 39 June, 1630.' 

' Elizabetha Tempest vidua sepult. 10 March same year.' 

Dr. Blomfield in a note connects this family with Tempest of 
Broughton, and says the Somerton registers were taken up to London 
as evidence in a case before the House of Lords concerning a peerage. 

In the * Yarnton Drawer ' in Muniment room at Exeter College is a 
Deed signed * Tempest,' perhaps belonging to these. 



From Royalist Composition papers, 2nd series, voL 36, p. 917, 
Public Record Office. 

James Pitts, of KLidlington, Gentleman. 

' His delinquency that he was in armes against the Parliament before the 
surrender of Oxford. He petitions here the 13th May, 1649, and saith he 
was never sequestrated nor discovered nor had any estate till he married 
his wife. He compounds upon a Particular delivered under his hands, by 
which he doth submit to such Fine as doth appear. That he is possessed 
of a Personal Estate which he hath by his wife in goods and money to the 
value of ;f aao and saith he doth first discover the same and prayeth 
benefit, &c.* 

Fine on his own discovery, £11. 

M doe affirme I am noe Popish Recusant, nor Popish aflfected, nor 
councellor, nor Attorney, nor belong to any College or Hall.' 
We have no further notice of this James Pitts. 



From the same, vol. 22, p. 19. 

* Peter Langstone of the Citty of Oxford, Gent. 

'His delinquency that he remamed in Oxford at the time it was a 
Garrison holden for the King and was then in arms against the Parliament 
and is to have the benefit of the Articles as by Sir Thomas Fairfax certi- 
ficate 22nd January, 1646. Interest remaining of 99 years in two messuages 
and yard-lands in Kidlington worth since the troubles ;^2S '.' 

* See Thnip. 

F 



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CHAPTER IV. 

KiDLINGTON DURING THE CiVIL WAR. 

KiDLiNGTON had its full share in the trouble which came upon the 
country by the quarrel of King Charles with his Parliament, and by 
its nearness to Oxford was open to all the military manoeuvres which 
were carried on upon the north side of the City. 

1640. This year William Lenthall, Esq., and Robert Pye, Knt., 
were Members of Parliament for Woodstock. In the next year 
the Parliament at Westminster, in their newly awakened zeal for the 
purity of religion, issued an ordinance requiring all persons who would 
be thought well affected towards the Gospel to make a Protestation to 
that effect. The ' Protestation ' begins thus : 

' I, A. B. in presence of God . . . promise^ vow, and Protest ... to 
defend the true Church of England . . .* ' 

1641. This was required to be signed in all the counties of England, 
and a list of names of those who refused thus to sign themselves 
* Protestants ' was forwarded to head-quarters. Some such were found 
in Kidlington. We know that many here were attached to the King, 
and as such, irrespective of religious considerations, would refuse to 
sign the enactments of a rebel Parliament. 

1642. The Rector, Dr. Prideaux, at this time was Vice-Chancellor 
of the University, and in that capacity presided over the meeting of 
Convocation which considered the King's petition sent to them from 
York, ' that they would help him against his enemies '.' The appeal 
was met by unanimous consent, and the whole of the money which 
was then in the public chest, which only amounted to £860, was voted 
to the King's use. Many of the Colleges also offered their plate. 

* 5th Report of Royal Commissioners * Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy, 

of Hist MSS., pp. 3 and 130. pt. i, p. 123. 



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KIDLINGTON DURING THE CIVIL WAR, 6^ 

Charles raised his standard at Nottingham in August of this year, 
and in October the battle of Edgehill was fought with doubtful resxilt. 

The King at once marched to Woodstock and on to Oxford, where 
he spent the winter. The whole country was now aroused ; the first 
sight and sound of war had startled the people of Kidlington one 
Saturday night in September. A troop of Cavaliers^ about 140 in 
number rode through our parish between eleven and twelve o'clock at 
night They belonged to Prince Rupert's forces which were then at 
Brackley, and were evidendy expected by their friends in Oxford, 
according to the old account 

'the schollars and other malignants went not to bed, expecting their 
coming.' 

The Mayor, good man, had retired, but it is remarked 

*he thought it no disturbance to rise at once and to welcome these 
guests, and to bestow upon them wine very liberally.' 

The King spent the whole winter in Oxford, and to supply himself 
and his army ^ith provisions he issued the following Proclamation, 
which seriously affected all the neighbourhood and added a scarcity of 
provisions to the distress of the time. 

A Proclamation from his Majesty, 15th April, 20th of his reign, at 
Oxford. 

'These are straightly to charge and command all who are owners of 
com, grain, and other victuals that for the better furnishing of the City 
against a time of need, they store themselves with all kinds of provisions 
for their family and what charge they have for six months. And for that 
it have appeared that the Inhabitants thereabouts have been very negligent 
in bringing provisions into this City, it is also commanded and required 
that all such persons who have either Com or Victuals, which live within 
7 miles of Oxford, shall bring in or cause to be brought in, all such corn of 
all sorts, ready threshed or in the straw, and all such other victuals serving 
for the food of man or horse, here to be stored up for themselves or sold 
at and for reasonable prices ; And also that you bring in all such Com, 
Hay, Straw, as you have. And all such of you as shall not give obedience 
hereunto, or hinder or conceal the same are to be esteemed as persons ill 
affected, according to his Majesty's said Proclamation in this behalfe, and 
must expect that the Souldiers should fetch so much away as they can and 
the rest consume and destroy '.* 

The ParUamentary party were also alive to their own interest, and 
by an ordinance in Parliament the county of Oxford was assessed at 

' Sept 7, 1642. King's Pamphlets in British Maseam, vol. 7a. 
" King's Pamphlets, vol. 233. 

F 7. 



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68 HISTORY OF KIDUNGTON. 

the rate of £400 a week for two months, beginning upon the 3rd 
August*, 1643. 

1643. 28th August. Both Houses of Parliament passed an ordi- 
nance for the demolishing and removing all monuments of idolatry 
and superstition from all churches and chapels in England and Wales '. 
rcurius Civicus, a paper upon the Parliamentary side, we 

' In Oxford they are all distracted by reason of the late defeat at 
pven to the Cavaliers, insomuch that they know not whatever 
put in execution. They have set up a new magazine without 
ily for Bowes and Arrowes and that all Bowyers, Fletchers, and 
1 makers that they can possibly get they imploy there '.' 

'n April this year a party of the Roundhead troops took 
on House with all its ammunition, but they do not seem to 
inced further. The Earl of Essex and Sir William Waller 
respective armies drew towards Oxford from the other side 
lames. Abingdon was held by the King's men, but from 
lity it was evacuated in May, and without delay Essex threw 
to the town and very speedily got his men across the river 
rd Ferry, and brought them all up through Littlemore and 
) parade upon Bullingdon Green. Here he displayed his 

braved the King and the City by coming up within shot of 
. A few light skirmishes passed between the two parties 
urt to either side, while the King looked down upon the 
ene from Magdalen Tower. Upon the morning of May 2 9th 
5W oflf his army and proceeded to Islip and Blechingdon, 
I cross the river Cherwell at Gosford. Here, however, he 

a check. Sir Jacob Asdey with some regiments of muske- 

ready to receive him, and the pass was protected by a 
nd earthworks thrown up against the enemy's horse. The 
It was repulsed, but the next day Essex brought up cannon 
ack, and for three days the attempt was repeated. Once 
me horse got across the river, and n 

the pike men, in whose front ranks ^ 
5, that they were beaten back and pursi 
ir Jacob Astley pursued his success an( 
Bridge and Tackley Ford. However, 

Pamphlets, vol. 120. ' King's Pi 

DiamalL cnrius Civicna 



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KIDLINGTON DURING THE CIVIL WAR. 69 

skill were thrown away, for after the third day of fighting the 
King determined to withdraw from Oxford. In pursuance of this 
design on the 3rd June he made a feint to retake Abingdon, and 
called in all his horse from Woodstock in the night (whither he had 
led them the day before), and all his foot from the passes of both rivers 
at Ensham and at Gosford. The two generals at once occupied re- 
spectively Kidlington and Ensham, and awoke on the morning of the 
4th of June to find that the King had run the gauntlet of both armies 
and made his way to Burford and Bourton-on-the- Water *. Looking 
from his quarters, 4th June, 1644, at Blechingdon, Essex, seeing the 
flag still flying over Oxford, supposed the King to be still within his 
grasp ', but presently receiving information from Ensham of the depar- 
ture of the Royal army^ Essex, who had lost many men at Gosford 
and many by desertion, joined Waller, and the two generals marched 
together in pursuit of the King as far as Evesham in Worcestershire, 
where they parted to pursue different ways. The siege of Sudeley 
Castle followed, in which Sir William Morton so gallantly distinguished 
himself. 

On the 24th June the King was again in this neighbourhood ; 

*from Witney he marched to Woodstock playne, where the rendezvous 
was, on foot, with the Queen's Regiment and officers, in all 6000 ^.' 

After several months' marching and countermarching through the 
western coundes the King returned to Oxford for the winter upon the 
I St of November. 

1645. In May of this year Colonel Fairfax appeared before the 
town and took up his quarters at Marston: Godstow House was 
abandoned by the Royalist troops and burnt; Gaunt House, near 
Standlake, surrendered to the Parliament, and Cromwell gained some 
advantage at Islip and setded himself at Wytham and Colonel Brown 
at Wolvercote. Thus surrounded by a girdle of the Parliamentary 
troops, Kidlington lay at their mercy until June, when the King from 
Daintree sent a detachment of his own men and relieved Oxford, 
following himself and remaining in Oxford, at Christ Church, for a few 
days ". The bridge at Islip was destroyed by Fairfax after his with- 

^ For the account of this night march Iter, as below, 

see History of Yarnton. * S3rmond8 ' Marches of Royal Azmy.* 

' Clarendon, History of the Rebellion, Camden Soa, p. 18. 

vol. 4, ed. i8a6. » The King's marches, according to 

' *In June the Earl of Essex marched date, are from * Iter Carolinmn,' in 

from Islip to Woodstock, from Wood- Bodleian Library, 
stock to Chipping Norton.* Symonds, 



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70 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

drawal, but the garrison at Gaunt House remained, and in October 
the following circumstance is recorded, which we may well call the 
second battle of Kidlington : 

1645. 'From our Garrison of Gaunt House, 8 miles from Oxford, 
it was certified that the Governor, Colonel Moore, being abroad with about 
200 Horse on Friday last, met with about 500 of the Enemie at Kidlington, 
three miles from Oxford, and skirmished with them three hours, and at 
last put them to the rout and pursued them to the Gates of Oxford. Took 
prisoners. Master Sackville, the Earl of Dorset's second son, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Smith, one of the King's pages, Prince Rupert's chaplain, one 
gunner, one trumpeter, and 30 common soldiers ^' 

The Master Sackville mentioned here was husband to the Baroness 
Norreys. He was taken to Chawley, near Abingdon, and there trea- 
cherously stabbed by a soldier j his body was carried to Wytham for 
burial'. 

In November the King was again in Oxford * during pleasure.' In 
a Commonwealth paper we read : 

* That it is reported that his Majesty came on Tuesday night to Daintree 
with 300 horse, where the Earl of Northampton came to him with 300 
more, which conducted him to Banbury on Wednesday night, whence 
they report he went to Oxford.* 

The expression used in the King's Itinerary upon each return to 
Oxford * at pleasure ' reads like a mournful irony when it is remem- 
bered of what nature were his pleasures during this sad time. Harassed 
and vacillating between his wish for the good of the people and his 
waj^ard advisers, Charles at length took the unfortunate resolution 
of casting himself upon the chivalry of the Scotch. With only two 
companions. Dr. Hudson being one, he left Oxford privately upon the 
night of 27th April, 1646. 

1646. Kidlington was again occupied by Roundheads in February 
of this year ', this time they belonged to Waller s army, which had the 
reputation of being much more ' ungentlemanly and barbarous * ' than 
Essex's men. Kidlington had ample experience of both armies, and 
might perhaps corroborate the truth of this statement. Waller and 
Ireton took Woodstock in April, and quartered themselves in the 
Manor House. How they were frightened out of their lodgings there 
is told us in a humorous ballad entitled * The Devil of Woodstock.' 

* Pcrifect Dinmall, Wednesday, Oct stand, has blocked up all the passes by 
I, 1645. Woodstock side, which much straitened 

' Diuikin*s Ballindoon and Ploughley, Oxford.* Perfect Diumall, No. 141, 
vol. I, p. 113. Feb*. 33, 1646. 



s 4 



Colonel Fleetwood, we under- * Clarendon, vol. 4. 



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KIDLINGTON DURING THE CIVIL WAR. 71 

* Oxford surrendered to the Parliament upon Midsummer Day, and a 
few days later the shops were reopened and all had the benefit of a full 
and quiet market from the country, without any disturbance from the 
soldiers, who took nothing but what they paid for, a favour they had seldom 
met with before the surrender ; which makes the Citizens exceeding glad 
that they have so happy a change, from penurie to plenty, from thraldom 
to liberty'.' 

A victim to his conscience during these terrible times was John 
Gregory, M.A., a Prebendary of Bracklesham. 

Owing to the Rebellion he was reduced to poverty, and retired to an 
pbsure alehouse upon Kidlington Green, where he died towards the 
middle of March, 1646. His days were spent in study, and it is said 

* that his candle was not put out for eleven years,' he spending his 
nights with his books. After his death his friends came forward and 
procured him an honourable burial in the Cathedral at Oxford. He 
was aged thirty-nine *. 

The Rector, Dr. John Prideaux, also felt the pressure of the times. 
From being chaplain at court he was made Bishop of Worcester, ' but 
made little or no profit from it.' After being constrained by poverty 
to the sale of his goods he answered a friend's salutation by saying, 

* I never did better in my life, only I have too great an appetite ; for I 
have eaten that little plate that the Sequestration left me ; I have eaten 
a great library of books ; I have eaten a great deal of linen ; much of 
my brass, some of my pewter, and now I am come to eat iron, and 
what will come next I know not.' He died in the house of his son-in- 
law. Dr. H. Sutton, at Bredon, co. Worcester, leaving his children no 
legacy *but pious living, God's blessing, and a father's prayers',' 
July, 1650. 

* King*s Pamphlets. * The City sur- ^ Gntch, voL 3, p. 510, Colleges and 
Tendered 24 June; marched oat by Halls. 

Maudlin Bridge; a very lainy day.* • Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy, 

1646. *• Mercurius Civicus.' pt. a, pp. 14 and 78. 



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CHAPTER V. 

I. — The Manor of Kidlington from the Death of 
Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk. 

The Duke of Suffolk died in 1545, and the next year a Deed was 
signed at Westminster transferring the Manor of Cudlington to private 
hands, and leading to the division of the property into several various 
parcels. 

The family of Chamberlayne had long been Stewards and Bailiffs of 
Woodstock, and in 1532 Leonard Chamberlayne was appointed to act 
with Sir Edward as Bailiff d" the Manor of Cudlington. In the 30th 
year of Henry VIII (aist Oct 1546) Leonard Chamberlayne and John 
Blundell purchased the Manor jointly, with several other properties. 
We hear no more of Chamberlayne after this, and the whole subsequent 
history centres in John Blundell and his coheiresses. 

These are the terms of the sale : 

* The 4th part of a Patent of the year 38 th of Henry 8th for Leonard 
Chamberlayne and John Blundell and their heirs. 

' Know that We for the sum of ;^i76o u, od. of lawful money of England 
into the hands of Our Court of Augmentation, by Leonard Chamberlayne 
of Sherborne, Esqr., and John Blundell, Mercer of London, paid, have 
given and granted all that our manor of Cudlyngton with all and singular 
its rights, members, appurtenances whatsoever late parcel of the lands of 
Charles, late Duke of Suffolk, and by Us lately acquired of the said Duke ; 
and all and singular (here follow all the privileges and manorial rights) 
situate in Cudlyngton ... to have and to hold and enjoy the said manor 
to hold of Us our heirs and successors " in capite," by the service of the 
40th part of one Knight's Fee, and rendering annually to Us and our heirs 
56i. 2d, lawful money of England. 

* Witness by the King himself at Westminster a ist Oct.' ' 

* This copy included all the other pro- and was in the office of Henry Churchill 
perties sold at the same time. It was of Deddington ; printed in appendix 
made (from the original grant) in 1817, of Mr. Marshairs History of Sandford. 



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THE MANOR OF KIDLINGTON. 73 

John Blundell died in 1559 ^"^^ is buried in Great (Steeple) Barton 
church, where his monument used to be seen bearing the arms of the 
Mercers' Company^. His five daughters inherited his large estates in 
five undivided parts. 



(lit) 



John Bhindell, died 1559 == Alice Hncken =: (and) Sir Alex Avenoo, 
I Aldennan of London. 



Elisabeth ==EdmnndHogan, Manr or AgneszpSir Gerard Croker, Anne =: Thomas Cordall, 
died 1606, mercer of London, (and) to [ of Hook Norton, Master of the 



TofI 
bar 



boried at buried at Hackney, Richard Lee. buried at Steeple Mercer's Comp. 

Hackney. 1609. Barton (?) 



j I JohnCroker, Susan = Richard Preeston, 

Thomaa. Greaham=;rAnne who sold his share in 8.p. of the Middle 

^ ' Kidlington to B.N.C Temple, 
in 1587. 



8. p. 



I I (2nd) I 

Fraxicea, Elizabeth =^ Thomas Waller, Justinian Champneys == Theodora 

Serjeant at Law. of Hall Place, ca Kent, ] (isg John Denton, 



8. p. 



buried at Bexley, 1596. ofOxon. She was 
buried at Bexley, \^%. 

Richard Champneys, 
of Hall Place and Woolwich, died 1653. 



ist) 

isabeth •=. Francis Bacon. Mary = John Hanbury. Dorqthy = John James, of Pelstead, 
s. p. I CO. Essex, buried at 

I Finmere. 

Ho^an Jamest died s. p., buried at Finmere, 172^. 
Bequeathed his share of the whole estates to his 
aunt. Mrs. Frances James, who died in 1739, 
aged 80. 

John Blundell, by his will made in the first year of Elizabeth, devised 
all his property to Alice his wife for life, and after her death to his five 
daughters with remainder to his heirs. He died the same year, seized 
of the Manors of Great Barton, Finmere, Cudlyngton, and others. The 
rents from these estates were received by a Steward, one Sampson 
Morrey*, and divided amongst the daughters, but sixteen years later 
three of the sisters, Elizabeth Hogan, Mary Croker, and Theodora 
Champneys, with their husbands, joined to effect a settlement of a 
fifth part upon their issue. The following year the mother, Alice 
Blundell, died, and shortly after Richard Freeston, the husband of 
Susan Blundell, filed a petition in Chancery showing that the five 
sisters were in reason and equity entitled each to take a fifth part in 
the rents, and that the Bailiff appointed by them three years before 
had secretly paid over the moneys to some of them, so that he knows 

^ His own anns were : & chevron ' Sampson Morrey married twice in 

between three eagles displayed, im- Kidlington. 
paling a castle. Rawlinson, MS> 397. 



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74 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

not what sum to charge them in an action of Accompt to be brought 
at the Common Law ; 

* may it therefore please your Lordship to grant the writ of subpoena to 
be directed unto the said Defendants, Edmond Hogan, &c., and their 
Steward, commanding them personally to appear before the Court of 
Chancery.* 

To this the Defendants replied denying all the charges against them 
and stating that, as the Complainant Freeston had two suits of partition 
depending against the Defendants at the Common Law, therefore he 
had no right to any portion of the rents. Finally the partition was 
made amongst the five. The son of Mary Croker had sold his portion 
in Kidlington to Brasenose College in 1587 : Theodora Champneys 
left a son, Richard, who sold his part of Finmere in 44th Eliz. to 
Thos. Temple, and in 1616 his portion of the other estates and 
his reversion, after the deaths of S. Freeston and Anne Cordall S to 
Gresham Hogan. Eventually this brought four parts out of five into 
the possession of one family, James of Finmere. Mr. Hogan James * 
by his last will left the whole of his estates to his aunt, Mrs. Frances 
James; she lived until 1739, having bequeathed it to Nathaniel Bacon, 
from whom in 1746 it devolved to Edward Bacon, Esq., who sold the 
Finmere portion to Lord Temple '. 

This partition of the Manor accounts for the tradition in Kidlington 
that there were four Manors with their appurtenances, as the manorial 
rights were carried with each portion. Dr. Rawlinson, writing about 
the year 1720, says, 

' the Lords of the Manor of Kidlington are Dr. Conant, Mr. Man, Madame 
Smithy and . . . James, Esqr.,' 

apparently excluding the fifth portion, that purchased by Brasenose 
College. 

The Property of Brasenose College in Kidlington. 

In the Valor ecclesiasticus is mentioned under the head of Brase- 
nose in Diocese Lincoln, the following entry *. 

' Both said to have died without issue, the Record Office; also from Mar- 
hut one pedigree gives several children shall*s History of Sandford and Westcot 
to Anne CordalL Barton, and Dr. Blomfield's History 

• Will of Hogan James in Probate of Finmere, Herald and Genealogist, 

Office, Somerset House. No. 6, 1871, and Genealogist, New 

' The above account taken from Series, voL a, 1885. 

Proceedings in Chancery, fols. 8-9, ' Valor ecclesiasticus, vol. a, pp. 321 

Freeston v. Hogan and others, in and a 71. 



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THE MANOR OF KIDLINGTON. 75 

' Lands and tenements in Cudlyngton . £0 i\ 8 
Total ;^6 5 8 
Of which due to the Duke of Suffolk— 
Resolut* ut duci Suffbc' pro reddit quieto 

exeut de eijsd' terr' . . .008 

Et remanet clare . . . .650' 

* Rents belonging to the Abbey by several persons denied and with- 
held— 

* Cudlington — The tithe of the rent of the Principal and Fellows of 
Brasenose College for certain lands in Cudlington; reserving the right of 
the said monastery. Nothing is charged here because it is denied and has 
been by the Principal and Fellows and their Predecessors for many years 
past. Nil.' 

This property is to all appearance the old house by the Mill with 
its moated garden still in the possession of the College. 



1587. About fifty years later the College purchased one-fifth part 
of the manor of Kidlington from John Croker to whom it had fallen 
as his mother's share of the estates of John Blundell her father. The 
terms of the sale are as follows ^ : 

* 27 Jan., 1587. John Croker or Crocker of Steeple Barton, Michael 
Dormer of Hampton Poyle, Edward Hawthen of the Lee, John Bonner of 
Swarford and John Bonner his son and heir, grant for ;^4oo to Brasenose 
College the fifth part in Fee of the Manor of Kidlington; which was 
allotted and assigned to Sir Gerard Croker and Dame Mary his wife, 
deceased (one of the daughters of John Blundell, Esq., deceased) all the 
messuages or tenements and 2 yard-lands and the close called Bentley, a 
close called Garrolds* \ Bury More, now in the occupation of John Gurwyn, 
Nicholas Rente, Richard Hambleton, Robert Maye, Richard Auger, 
Alexander Crossley, Francis Lovatt, and Springweli, and all the Manorial 
rights. 29th Elizabeth. The College seal attatched.' 

This land is said to be known as Cook's and Dyer's land '. 

The leases for the house by the Mill date from 21st Elizabeth, the 
first being to Robert Milward, Yeoman, of Stanton, in parish of 
Whitesford, co. Warwick ; James Saunders ; Francis Saunders ; Blake- 
man; 1653, Robert Prideaux; 1666, Richard Newman (Bond signed 
by Finmore and Almont); 1729, Joseph Haines. This last name 
localises the place, as that house is still known as ' Haines' Comer.' 

* Deed in Archives of Brasenose Col- towards Woodstock over Camps- 
lege. field. The name of Springweli certi- 

' The same as Bladon Close, No. aoo fies this as that family were in pos- 
on the map. session of Hardwick, a part lying out 

' This land must have extended there. 



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76 HISTORY OF KJDLINGTON. 

At the time of the * Enclosure ' Cooper and Long of Yarnlon rented 
the land, and Mrs. Anne Walker occupied the house, and in 1852 
Mr. Warland's term of lease began. 

Another small house, a bakehouse, marked upon the map 183, and 
recently sold to Exeter College, was let with two closes, one of which 
was Bladon Close, in 157 1 to Thomas Almonde Taylor of Oxford; 
then, probably as subtenants, to Bendey ; Betterton ; Richard George ; 
George Treadwell ; Nicholas Morris, baker ; John Jolly ; James Wig- 
gington; 1757 William Hill and Mary his wife, widow of the last 
tenant ; John Hanwell. A large portion of the above-mentioned land 
has changed hands, and is now the property of the Duke of Marl- 
borough. 

The Property of Queen's College in Kidlington. 

Although this College does not possess any land in Kidlington at 
the present moment, they have numerous Deeds showing them to 
have had a considerable amount of property which they had purchased 
early in the reign of Elizabeth. This is probably one of the portions 
into which Blundell's estates were divided. The Deeds are as 
follows : 

* Thomas Brownricke of Kidlington on the Green and Robert Raye of 
Oddington bought of William Frere of Oxford, sand Eliz. (May). 

' Robert Raye released to Thomas Brownricke. 32nd Eliz. (Sept.). 

* James Kidder of North Aston bought of Thomas Brownricke of Stanton 
St. John. 36 Eliz. 

38th Eliz. * The Provost and Fellows of Queen's College pay to Kidder 
of New Woodstock ;^ioo for all that messuage or. tenement and i yard- 
land lying in the Town and Field of Kidlington, &c., and houses, buildings, 
farm stables late in the occupation of John Humfries alias Weyle now in 
the occupation of Edward Hoffer or his assigns. All which premises in 
the name of William Frere, Esq., late purchased of Thomas Gadbury ', 
Gent., deceased V 

The remaining deeds are principally releases for portions of land, 
one as follows : 

* A release of Edmund GledhiU, yeoman, to John Tredwell, yeoman, of 
all action and touching the due and arrearages of 2 lbs. of pepper due to 
the Lord of Kidlington, for certain land holden of him now in the occupa- 
tion of John Tredwell aforesaid. 

* * Thomas Gadbury, Gent, buried within a bordure engrailed with a cres- 
3 April, 1586.' Reg. cent for difiference. This was probably 

" Signed by Kidder with the seal adopted by the new Lord of the Manor 
of Street: viz. three Catherine wheels in memory of Chaucer. 



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THE MANOR OF KIDLINGTON. 77 

'Edmund Gledhill, yeoman, received £^\$ from John Broadwood, 
husbandman, upon a verdict and judgement in an action at law, for dues 
and arrears of 3 lbs. of pepper due to the Lord of the Manor ^.' 

Can this be 'Pepper Close'? No. 201 upon the map. 

The * Town ' portion of this property, a small farm house in Church 
End, was sold by the College about 1880, after which an ornamental 
grove of elms was cut down by the purchaser. The 'Field' portion 
was disposed of many years ago and was again put up to auction in 
1890 and was then described as 

' all that piece of valuable Arable Land, situate on the road from Kidling- 
ton Station to Woodstock, containing 34a. 2 r. 2 pp. (more or less), bounded 
on the south and west by property of His Grace the Duke of Marlborough, 
on the east by property of F. P. Morrell, Esq., and on the north by the 
road and facing property of the Rector and Fellows of Exeter College, 
Oxford.' 

Bury House. 

This name marked upon the map as a locality beside the church is 
all that remains to tell us of what may have stood here. Considerable 
remains of foundations are to be traced in these fields, pointing out 
that the old Town or Bury probably extended this way. 

Bury House was possibly the residence of the Bailiff who managed 
the land around here belonging to the Abbey, and also a resort for 
some of the inmates of Osney, who would require the stalls in the 
choir for saying the divine office. There is no confirmation to be 
fotmd for this supposition in the annals of the Abbey, and the fact of 
the Abbot owning a large Rectory house in the village would seem to 
argue the inutility of a second house; again, the property being 
distinct from that which we know was owned by the Abbey might 
militate against this idea. It was treated as land of the Manor, not 
of the Abbey. It seems, in Sir William Morton's lifetime, to have 
been the property of Griffin Irons, and was purchased from him by 
Sir William, as we learn from his will. It was afterwards exchanged 
by the Sydenhams with the Duke of Marlborough. 

Can this have been the house belonging to Saunders, and after- 
wards to Streete and Conant? Dr. Conant, according to Rawlinson, 
lived at the * Bally,* probably a mistake for * Bury '.' 



* The deed is signed by HoUyns and will show what land Gledhiirs charity 
Dawson, probablychurchwardens. This was charged upon. 
* Hutton's Collections, 379. 



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78 



HISTORY OF KIDLJNGTON. 



Under the five Divisions, the Chief Manor, Brasenose property, 
Conant's property, Queen's property, and Hampden Manor, we may 
presume to summarise the partition of the Estate of Kidlington, we 
may now go on to recall some of the people who once lived here. 



II. 



STREET OF KIDLINGTON. 
Tiiken from the Register <md the Tombstones, 

Arms. 

I. Three Catherine wheels, within a bordure en^ijailed; a crescent for difference. This 
shield is affixed to a Deed in Queen's College, Oxon, relating to Kidlington. 

3. Parted per pale, Baron et Femme. 5yrv«/r.— Argent, three Catherine wheels. West.— 
Ermine, a brad indented sable. Two crests — on a helmet a flenr-de-lys ; on a helmet a boar's 
bead on a moral crown. This shield from the tomb of Heniy Streete. 

3. Parted per pale. Baron et Pemroe. Conani.—Axax^ billetted or. West.—AB before. 
Crest— the Conant shield. This shield from the tomb of Dr. Conant. 



In the Islip raster we find : ' 1590, Maria fiL Robert Streete Uq),' 
of Whatelej, married to Alice Streete.' 

Mr. Vincent Street 

Henry, bap. 1599. 

Mr. Edward Street ^ Alice, died 1627. 



' 1600^ Benjamin Knight, 



Anne, bom 
married i 
died 1643. 



"43- 



Richard Prideanz, 

Minister of the 
P&rish, died 1666. 



Maadlen, 
bap. 1599. 



Ann& 
bap. 1035, bap. 1630, 



Alice =^ Richard Newman, senior ', 

. , P; 1630. I Gent., died 1695, aged 75. 

died 1642. died 1705. married 165 1. 



OddellorWoodhull, 
bap. i6oa witness Mr. 
Tha Tisdale and Mr. 
Anthony WoodholL 
Died i68a 

I 



Henry, _.. 
bap. 1015. died 



Bridget, 
ied i^. 



William Bance, :^ Ann& Robert Newman, = Alice, Thomas, 
of Clerkenwell (St. bom 165 1, Clerk, died 1721, died 1724. yoongest 
James'X vintner. died 1714. aged 57. aged 71. son, 

died 1673. 



I I I I (2nd husband) 

Vincent. Edward. Simon. Henry, bap. 1659 = Mary West = Dr. John Conant. LuD., 
bap. 1638. Woodhull, died iob6| of Hampton (in 1687) son of Bishop of Norwich, 

All three died in 164 1. left his estate in Poyle, died 171 7, died 1733. 

Kidlington to his wife. aged 75. 

All three buried in Conant's aisle of the Church. 

1 Richard Newman, Gent., died 1702, aged 68. 



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THE MANOR OF KIDLINGTON. 79 

The Street's house in Oxford appears to have been one of the block 
of houses standmg in the middle of the highway south of St. Mary 
Magdalen church. We conclude this from the following : — Godfrey 
Streete paid hearth tax in 1665 for St. Michael's parish in North-west 
Ward, also for the same parish in North-east Ward, and Robert 
Streete and Alice, widow, paid for St. Mary Magdalen parish. No 
other locality could have fulfilled these three conditions ^. 

In the 30th year of Queen Elizabeth the Parish Register records 
the birth of a daughter to Mr. Streete, and this is our earliest notice of 
a family who dwelt for four generations in one of the Manor Houses. 
This daughter Anne married Mr. Richard Prideaux the Minister, and 
her grandchildren lived in Kidlington and are buried in the church. 
Another child WoodhuU or Oddell Streete was the father of Henry 
WoodhuU Streete the last of the name. Father and son were buried 
within a few years of each other in the north aisle now called *Conant*s 
aisle.' Wood notices the death of the younger one in these words : 

* WoodhuU Streete of Kidlington died 30th March, 1686. He married 
. . . daughter of John West of Hampton Poyle, Gent., but had no issue by 
her, yet left his estate to her. He was buried by his father ^' 

Dr. John Conant', a Fellow of Merton and son of the Rector of 
Exeter, married the widow of Henry Streete, and through her became 
one of the Lords of the Manor. Dr. Conant was probably a widower 
at the time as his son was married in Kidlington ten years later to 
Mrs. Pocock. One of the family eventually settled in America and 
his descendants are still known by the name of Oddell Conant. 
Madame Conant lived thirty years after her second marriage, and 
bequeathed certain charities to the people of Kidlington; she was 
buried between her two husbands. Dr. Conant survived her six 
years. He had shown himself an active man of business, and all the 
Parish accounts and books of the date bear his signature. 

* Oxford City Docninents, Thorold died 1707, aged 76 years. The arms 
Rogers, Historical Society, 1891. upon her tomb are " ten billets, 4. 3, 2, 

* Wood's MSS., K I. 1, impaling chevron checquy between 
' For account of the Conant family, three cross crosslets." Rawlinson 

see Boase's Register of Exeter College. 400 B. Roger Conant left Plymouth 

For tombstones and epitaphs, see chap- for the New World in 163 a. See 

ter 9. Dr. Conant's father was buried Conant ped., compiled by Fred 

at Northampton, his mother, Elizabeth Odell Conant of Portland, Maine, U. S., 

Reynolds, at Swerford, co. Oxon. She and W. Boys* Hist, of Sandwich, 

had six sons and six daughters, and p. 274. 



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8o HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 



The Chief Manor. 

The lands belonging to the ' chief manor ' of Kidlington we may trace 
from deeds of sale coming down from Waller and Hanbury ^ the heirs 
of Elizabeth and Edmund Hogan, and Brent to Dr. Bouchier, Ll.D. 
These lands included 'Kidlington Park/ *Lynis Farm' and 'Coates 
Farm/ Dr. Bouchier settled this property upon his son, James 
:hier, one of whose daughters married Dr. Joseph Smith, 
).« 

he Provost of Queens' College, father of the above Dr. Smith, 
lars to have had some interest in Kidlington independently of this, 
pon his wife's monument in the church he is styled * Chief Lord 
le Manor.' 
short sketch of the life of Dr. Smith will be appropriate 

r. Smith was the fifth son of William Smith, M.A., of Clare Hall, 
ibridge, and Rector of Ingleton in Yorkshire. His grandfather 

Matthew Smith of Knaresborough, co. York, and he himself 
ried the daughter and eventually heiress of Henry Lowther the 
ire of his father's parish. 

[e graduated M.A. at Oxford, ist March, 1696, at the age of 
ity-six, and the same year accompanied his Godfather, Sir 
ph Williamson, to the Low Countries, whither he went as Pleni- 
intiary to conclude the Peace of Ryswyck, which was to put an 

to the long and bloody war which had raged for many years. 
J said that there happened a violent storm while they were on 

passage which endangered the lives of the whole party and 
ight on a violent fit of the gout to Sir Joseph Williamson as 
1 as he landed. While thus ill in bed Sir Joseph called to his bed 

his Godson, Joseph Smith, and bade him fetch his will from the 
:au. 

ir J. Williamson had designed to leave a large sum of money to 
id a college in Dublin to be called Queen's College, but now he 
B his Godson and Secretary make the alteration and change the 
aest in favour of his own College in Oxford. The will being 



See Pedigree, p. 73. Park' is mentioned as belonging to 

From Deeds in the office of F. Jane Whytinge. 
rell, Esq., of Oxford. * Kidlington 



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THE MANOR OF KIDLINGTON. 8l 

ready for signature Ladj Williamson came in very inopportunely, and 
turning to the secretary exclaimed, ' Well, Mr. Smith, what have you 
there?' He, feeling that Sir Joseph had no mind that she should 
know, put her off by replying quickly, * Nothing but news, Madam/ 
By which diplomatic term she understood that she was not to 
inquire \ Upon Smith's return to England he took orders and became 
Rector of Knight's Enham with Upton Grays, Hants, which he ex- 
changed for the living of St. Dionis, Lime Street, London' ; Minister 
of Russell's Court Chapel in St Martin's parish, and Chaplain to 
Queen Caroline*. His learning with his courtly manners having 
gained him universal respect, he was, during his absence in London, 
unanimously chosen Provost of his own College of Queen's in 
1730. 

His wife, whom he survived for eleven years, died and was buried in 
Kidlington Church, 1745. Dr. Smith was buried in Queen's College, 
and his body was afterwards removed to the vault under the chancel 
of the new chapel. A portrait of him is to be seen in the Upper 
Common Room of the College, a copy of the same in the Hall, and 
his arms also appear over the &9ade of the wing, in the Pediment 
under the allegorical figures. In the passage between the Hall and 
Chapel of Queen's CoUege is a tablet to Dr. Smith's memory, and also 
to that of Dr. T. Halton, uncle to his wife*. 

Dr. Joseph Smith, Doctor of Laws, only son of the Provost, married 
Elizabeth die daughter of Dr. Bouchier of Hanborough and Professor 
of Law at Oxford. Their children were bom in Oxford, and were 
registered either in the parish of St Giles or that of St Mary Magdalen; 
the eldest son, Joseph Bouchier, in both*. The house where they lived 
was the last house between the two parishes next to and north of 
St. John's College. Dr. Smith died in 1776, followed in six months 
by his widow. They were both buried beside his first wife and several 
of his children, in Kidlington Church. 

^779» 'Joseph Bouchier Smith, by conveyance dated 15 Oct., to his 



* Playfiur's British Family Anti- Lowther Town, Cockermonth, and of 
qnities, vol.6, p. dxv. Appendix, under Margaret Halton of Greystoke. She 
WiJliamson. eventually became sole representative 

* Gutch*sColl.andHalls,yol.i,p.i49. of this branch of the Lowther family.' 
' Brown Willis' account of lincoln Foster^s Pedigrees. 

Cathedral. » Peshall's Wood. St. M. Mag. 

* ' Mary Lowther, youngest daughter Parish and St. Giles*, pp. aao, 223 and 
of Henry Lowther of Ingleton and aaS. 



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8a HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

sister, Mary Smith, Joseph Smith Hargreaves, Thomas Woodward, and 
James Morrell, of sdl Manors, Lands, &c^ in the county of Oxford ^' 

This was executed under the will of his parents upon his coming of 

age and the Trustees appear to have sold the property immediately. 

His name only occurs in the old lists of land tax assessment for the 

rs 1785 to 1800, in which latter year the name changes to Mate 

L Smith,' * and William Bulley of the Angel Inn, Oxford, became 

next possessor of the house. The ' award deed ' upon the enclosure 

he parish signed in 182 1 assigned certain lots to W. Bulley in lieu 

nanorial rights. The house in all probability had been let before 

, to Robert Buswell, *Gent,' who died in 1800. We next find the 

se in the hands of Thomas Robinson, Esq., of the Bank, Oxford, 

he undertook to rebuild the mansion, in a valuation made in 1839 

he parish of Ridlington for rating purposes, his name is entered for 

msion house and offices unfinished.' It is said that the drainage 

so unsatisfactory, probably owing to the Canal having changed 

natural flow of the water, that it was found impossible to complete 

house for a family dwelling, and later on it was pulled down. The 

ke of Marlborough purchased the property for £40,000 after Mr. 

Vinson's death. 



)r. Smith's Epitaph at Queen's College : — 

' Sacred to the Memory of Joseph Smith, D.D., 
whose Remains are deposited in the Vault of the Chapel. 
Descended from an ancient Family at Durham, and of Knaresborough 
he County of York. He was in the early part- of his Life Secretary to 
Joseph Williamson at the Time of his being Plenipotentiary at the 
aty of Ryswick. 

He became afterwards a Prebendary in the Cathedral Churches of 
Paul and Lincoln, was sometime Chaplain in Ordinary to the late 
^n Caroline; was more than forty years Rector of St Dionis in 
idon, which he held with the Donative of Paddington in Middlesex, 
in the year 1730 was elected, without solicitation, Provost of Queen's 
lege, by the unanimous Suffrages of the whole Society. 
Distinguished for his Learning, Eloquence, Politeness of Manner, Piety, 
Charity, He with great Prudence and judicious Moderation, presided 
r bis College to its general Happiness. Its Interests were the constant 
iect of his Attention. 



* Deed in office of F. Morrell and Son, Solicitors, Oxford. 
« In County Office, Oxford. 



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THE MANOR OF KIDLINGTON. 83 

' He was himself a good Benefactor to it, and was blest with the Success 
of obtaining for it, by his respectable Influence, several ample Donations to 
the very great and perpetual Increase of its Establishment. 

' Having acquitted himself in the several Stations in which Providence 
had placed him, with singular Eminency of character and reputation, he 
died November 33, 1756, aged 86. 

' He married Mary the daughter and co-heu'ess of Henry Lowther, Esq., 
of Ingleton Hall in the county of York, and of Lowther in the county of 
Fermanagh in Ireland, and grand-daughter to Col. Sir Richard Lowther, 
Governor of Pontefract Castle, and Master of the Ordnance to King 
Charles the First, and was nearly allied to the Right Honourable Baron 
Lowther, Lord Viscount Lonsdale. 

'She died April 29, 1745, leaving issue one Son, Joseph Smith, Esq., 
LL.D., of Kidlington, in the county of Oxford, and Anne, the Wife of 
Major James Hargreaves of Oxford ; who married for her first Husband 
William Lamplugh, Prebendary of Lincoln, Grandson to Thomas Lamplugh, 
Archbishop of York. 

'To the Memory also of TmoTHT Halton, D.D., Uncle \o the above 
Mrs. Mary Smith, and son of Miles Halton, of Greystock in Cumberland, 
Esq. 

'He was Provost of this College, sometime Vice-Chancellor of the 
University, Archdeacon of Oxford and Brecknock, Canon of St David's, 
and Rector of Charleton on Otmore. 

' He died July ai, 1704, aged 73, and his remains have been removed 
into the Vault of this Chapel. 

' He was a considerable Benefactor to the College.' 



Lines on the death of Joseph Smith, D.D., Provost of Queen's : — 



'Not in oblivion's gloom expire 
The breasts that glow with sacred fire; 
Ordained by Heaven their worth to save. 
The watchful Muse arrests the hearse 
And bids them live in endless verse, 
Triumphant o'er the withering grave. 

II. 

' Thee, Smith, she marked, when from its day 
Emerged thy pure ethereal ray 
To mix with sainted souls on high: 
And while Philippa's sons the tear 
Of gratitude pour'd on thy bier, 
Entuned thy heartfelt elegy. 

G 2 



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84 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

III. 
*Ab, me! she cry'd, the good and wise 
In death's cold arms extended lies, 
See Virtue mourn the afflicting blow ! 
His was the courtly grace and ease 
Hiat taught her harsher voice to please, 
And smoothed the roughness of her brow. 

IV. 

'Say, ye who all attention hung, 
O'er the sweet accents of his tongue, 
Whene'er he pour'd the instructive lore. 
How, taught in holy hope to rise. 
Ye bum'd impatient for the skies 
AUur'd by fading earth no more? 

V. 

'Nor did persuasive speech alone 
Fix on his lips her sacred throne. 
More strong his fair example taught: 
The laws he preach'd his steps pursued, 
While every eye with wonder view'd, 
And emulative ardour caught. 

VI. 

' Oft has the drooping head of care, 
Rear'd by his hand from fell despair, 
View'd days of brighter tenor flow; 
Oft has his judgment's piercing rays, 
Unravell'd doubt's perplexing maze, 
And given the heart new peace to know. 

VII. 

' Smit with the charms of vary'd good. 
Each virtuous breast his friendship woo'd, 
O Williamson, thy fav'rite boast; 
Ev'n the Fair Pride* of sov'reign power, 
Call'd him to share the social hour. 
And pomp in grateful converse lost. 

VIII. 

'But chief for long try'd wisdom known. 
Fair learning mark'd him for her own, 
Exulting in his generous sway. 
Kind genial warmth his influence shed. 
Each science rear'd its laurel'd head. 
Each latent genius sprang to day. 

* He was Chaplain to Queen Caroline. 



k 



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THE MANOR OF KIDLINGTON. 

IX. 

'Now, whilst he soars to purer light. 
The Muse he nursed pursues his flight, 
Far as the confines of the skies : 
Then harps angelic take the strain 
And hail him to th'ethereal plain. 
Whilst his hands reach th'immortal prize.' 

From London Magazine, August, 1757. 



Skelton, in b's Antiquities of Oxfordshire, gives us a list 
portraits he saw in the Manor House : — 

* His (Dr. Smith, the Provost of Queen's) portrait is in the present 
House with the following, which I shall mention as they seem not 
been hitherto mentioned The portrait of Dr. John Halton; tl 
Honourable Baron Lowther ; Lord Lonsdale ; Sir Gerard Lowthc 
Chief Justice of Common Pleas in Ireland, who died in Dublii 
Matthew Smith of Knaresbro', who died in 1640, he was grandf; 
Provost Smith before mentioned ; Thomas Smith ^, Bishop of Carli 
died in 1701, aged 97 ; several female members of the family of 
Lord Clifford and Rosamund Clifford.' 

^ He was no relation, only a friend. 



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86 



HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 



PEDIGREE OF DR. SMITH, PROVOST OF QUEEN'S COLLEGK 

Arms. 
A shield of nine qnarteriogi. ist Smithy as on the Hatchments in the church, and. 
FtatUagtntty within a bordore gobonn^ and a canton, ^rd. Worn oat. 4th. Ermine, on a 
canton argent a cross Calvary. 5th. Argent, a lion rampant sable. 6th. Gales, three lacies 
haariant argent. 7th. Sable, Three escallop shells, within a bordore engrailed argent. 
8th. Sable, three covered caps aigent. 9th. Or, two bars gales, in dexter comer a mallet 
pierced. This shield is over the tablet to Dr. Joseph Smith and his wife. 

.Tolson 



John Smith, of Knaresbro\ = . . . . 
died 30 Elizabeth. | 

Matthew Smith, of Knaresbro*, = Anne Roandle, daaghter of an 
CO. Yor^ one of the Council | Alderman of Leeds, 

of the North, died 1640. 



■r 



William Smith, M.A., of Clare ColL, '=^ Elizabeth, daughter of Giles Wetheral, 
Camb., Rector of Ingkton, f of Stockton-on-Tees. 

Yorks. 



T 



5th son, Joseph Smith, M.A., of Oxford, 1696, ^ Marv, daughter and coJieiress with Barbara 
D.D^ Trovost of Queen's, 1730. Bom at Wilson, of Henry Lowther, Esq., of Ingle- 

Lowther, loth Oct, 1670. Died in Oxford, | ton Hall, died 1745. Buried at Kidlington. 
17561 aged 86. 



Major James Hargreaves ^ Anne, 
of Oxford, bur. at Kid- 
lington, 1783. 



T 



(ist) (2nd) 

Joseph, LL.D., =^ Lydia, only child = Elizabeth, only dan. of 



married 5th 
June, 1740. in 
St Anthlin*s 
Church, Lon- 
don, bur. at Kid. 
lington, loth 
October, 1776. 



Rev. Joseph Smith Hargreaves, 
boned at Kidlington, 1807. 



of Joshua Bav- 
nay. late (rf* 
Walthamstow, 
Essex, Merch- 
ant She died 
2Sth Jan. 17^5. 
and was bnned 
in chancel at 
Kidlington. 



Mary Flemii 



died Aprul 
74a. 



Joseph, died April & 
1743. Both buried 
by Sir William 
Morwood in the 
chancel at Pad- 
dington. 



James B6ochier,LL.D., 
of Hanborongh, and of 
Elizabeth Harris (pa- 
rents buried in St. 
Michael's, OxfordX 
married in (Queen's Col- 
lege, Dec 1750, buried 
at Kidlington, iSthJuly, 
>777. 



Elizabeth, bom at 
Hanborongh 16th 
Aug., 1751, died 
Julyia, 1757. 



Blary Anne, bom in 
Magdalen CoIL, 
Oxford, 1 753, bur. 
at Kidliiigton, 



I (1783) 
Mary, bom in = Captain (George 
Onord, I "" * " 



Anson Nutt 



died 1789, 
bur. in Green- 
wich Hospi- 
tal 



Three sons and one daughter. 



Joseph Bouchier », =Daughter of 

bom in Oxford, Lord 0>- 

1758. matriculated ventry, no 

at Queen's ColL, 

1775. 



Harris, = A Miss Bouchier, 
bom in no t 

Oxford, 
I76i«. 



Susanna, 

bom in 

Oxford, 

176a. 



Elizabeth, 
bom in 
Oxford, 
763: 



Both died unmarried. 



Thomas, 
bom in 

Oxford, 
1766. 

bur. at 

Kidlington, 

infant 



I In (^tleman*s Magazine, Dec. 39, 1823, occurs the following : * While on a visit to the 
Earl of Coventry, at Worcester, "John ** Bouchier Smith, Esquire. He, while sealing a letter, 
was attacked with spasms in the chest which in a few moments terminated his existence.* 

^ In Bnrke*B Ext Baronetage under 'Sidley,* Harris Smith is said to have been admitted to 
Winchester College about 1772 as Pounder's Kin. 



Part of this Pedigree supplied by the courtesy of Dr. Magrath of Queen's College. 



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THE MANOR OF KIDLINCTON. 



87 




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TORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

fGTON, KIDLINGTON, AND HEADINGTON 
HILL. 

Arms. 

d of KidliHgUm,—^nxXxA per pale, ermine and erminois. Over 
saked and membered, ([ules. 

Rector =f: EUxabeth 
VUta, 



^1 



William Smith, presented to the == Dorothy, 
living oTAlvescot, Oxon, by I baried at Parmington, 
Humphrey Smith, M.A, in I 1668. 
1607. 



nstan*s- 
idon. 

ilade, = Hnmphrey, of Hamhill. == (1st) Winifred Cocks, 
65. presented to Rectory I married at Farm tng- 

of Parmington, 1641. I ton, 1645, died 1653. 
Died there 1687, aged 75. 

Humphrey, bom 1647, 
died 1659. 

las Smith == Anne Pifield, of Parmington, 
I married 1618. 

Thomas, bom i6aa 

f Parmington, co. Gloucester. The arms upon Humphrey's 
\ church, also upon the stones in Kidlington Church. 



Smith, died at =^ Alice, heiress of Thomas Standard, 
>n (Rectory ?) I died 1706, at Kidlington 

1706. (Rectory?). 



mphreyS, buried Thomas, M.A., William, Elizabeth, 

kidlington, 1716^ Magdalen Hall, buried at buried at 

agra 44. buried at Kid- Kidlington, Kidlington, 

High Sheriff. lington. 1707, 1605, 1698. 

aged 33. aged 17. 



, ningtoi 

and of Headington Hill, 

died at Kidlin^on, 1761, 

aged 57. 



at Kidlington, 
>775- 



William, died Several children Mary, Elizabeth, died 

t at Headington, buried at bom \^^ at Headington 

in, buried at ICid- Kidlington. bap. at buried at 

lington, 1793, Yamton. Kidlington, 

bom at 1825, aged 82. 

Cassington, 

assington and Kidlington and tombstones in Kidlington Church. 

phrey Smith, ' Humphrey Smith matriculated at 

>ourton 1617.' Wadham College 17th Nov., 1690, 

aged 17 (Gardiner's Reg. of Wadham). 



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THE MANOR OF KIDLINGTON. 89 

From Atkins' History of Gloucestershire : — 

'Hamhill. Thomas Smith, Esq., son of Humphrey Smith, is present 
Lord of the Manor. He has a good house and estate here, but he resides 
in Oxfordshire. 

'Living. — Patrons in 1595, the Queen. 

1666, Humphrey Smith, Clerk. 
1700, Thomas Smith, Esq.' 



Confirmation of Arms to Humphrey Smith of Farmington ^ 

* Whereas it appeareth by the Certificate of Richard Goddard now 
Rector of Castle Elaton in co. Wilts, That Mr. Humphrey Smith who was 
heretofore Rector for the space of 47 years did bear for his Armes an 
Eagle Displayed as is evident by the Ingravement thereof 57 years since 
upon a Tombstone in the Church of Castle Eaton aforesaid where the 
said Humphrey Smith and Elizabeth his wife are interred. And whereas 
I am informed by Francis Sandford, Esq., Rouge Dragon Pursuivant of 
Armes, that he having collected the Issue of the said Humphrey and 
Elizabeth doth find that Humphrey Smith of Farmington, in co. Glos', and 
William Smith of St. Dunstan's parish in the West, London, are grand- 
children of the said Humphrey and Elizabeth, that is to say sonnes of 
William Smith sonne and heir of the said Humphrey and Elizabeth, and 
that their father and grandfather have successively used the said Armes 
and sealed therewith. But the same being not registered in the College of 
Armes and the said Humphrey and William having no other evidence 
thereof than the said seals and Tombstone (such other memorials as were 
being imbezzled during their minority) they are not certain of the true 
colours of the said Armes; I, James, Earl of Suffolk, Deputy to the Right 
Honble. Earl of Norwich, Earl Marshal of England, being humbly desired 
on the behalf of the said Humphrey and William to give my consent that 
the said Armes so proved may be allowed and entered in the said College 
of Armes, doe hold the same reasonable. And therefore doe hereby will 
and require you to devise such colours for the said Armes as may be 
without wrongdoing to any. And in regard the said Humphrey and 
William have liberally contributed toward the rebuilding of the said 
College of Armes the Registrar of the said College is required (according 
to his Majesty's commission touching such Benefactors) to register the 
said Armes together with the descent of the said William Smith and also 
these presents in the College of Armes, under seal of the Earl Marshal's 

Office, 7th Oct., 1674. 

* Suffolk.' 

^ Ashmolean MSS. 858, p. 339. 



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CHAPTER VI. 



I.— Hampden Manor. 

In the Chartulary of Osney two charters are quoted referring to the 
Mill and Fisheries in Kidlington, they appear to be confirmed by 
Edmund Hampden, son of John still living ; doubtless showing that 
this family held land here before the suppression of the Abbey. 

Jerome Hampden of Hartwell (same family as John Hampden 
the Patriot) gave a charter to the City of Oxford in i53f, and about 
the same time there was also a Sir Edmund Hampden of Woodstock 
of the same family K 

Some members of this family were buried in the church of St. Mary 
Magdalen. 

* Pray for the soules of Richard Hampden, Esq., and Alys his wife, of 
whose sowles God have mercy: which Richard departed A. D, 1539 *.' 

. Their estate in Kidlington may probably have remained in its old 
form and thus have come down to us through one of the Blundell 
sisters. 

Owing to deficient information we can give no certain account of 

iWto ^cfo^e previous to the 17th century. We find that it was then 

s Hampden Manor*, and that it had been occupied by Hum- 

itz-Herbert, whose 'brass' is in the church. Fitz-Herbert 

I to the family of that name at Norbury in Derbyshire, and 

sent representative is now settled in Staffordshire, and 

ering to the ancient faith. John Fitz-Herbert married the 

of Sawbridgeworth in county Herts, and his son Humphrey 

fine Elizabethan house at Begbroke Hill. It seems probable 

lied before it was completed, as he was buried at Kidlington 

Shortly after we find the Manor in the hands of Thomas 

nr*s City of Oxford, p. 118. lington Register is the christening of a 

\ Bucks, p. 175. Hampton. 

ill's Oxford, p. 34 of Mon. In- ' Sir William Morton's will. 

. The first entry in the Kid- 



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HAMPDEN MANOR. 



91 



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O 

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P 

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9a HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON, 

Holloway, whose daughter married John Smith of the kith and kin of 
the Founder of Brasenose College. It will be necessary in order to 
understand our history to give a short account of this family of Smith. 
When William Smith was promoted successively to the Sees of 
Coventry and Lincoln, three of his nephews from Lancashire came to 
settle in the more congenial atmosphere of the University of Oxford. 
One of them followed his uncle to Lincolnshire, the second, Richard, 
settled in Oxford, and his son Thomas became an influential citizen 
and brewer, and, according to Wood, became the father of all the 
Smiths of St. Aldate's. The City Records^ are full of amusing inci- 
dents relating to him and his sons, but which do not concern us here. 
Thomas, the third brother, became cook of Christ Church, and was 
father to John Smith, of Kidlington, mentioned above *. 

A young barrister, William Morton, married the only daughter of 
Mr. John Smith in 1629 at St Aldate's Church, and their elder 
children were bom in Oxford. It is possible that Sir William was 
in some way connected with Kidlington previous to his marriage as 
the name occurs in the Register as early as 1584. After the death 
of Sir William Morton this estate was sold by Sir James Morton, 
his son, to William Pudsey of Elsfield, and during his ownership 
the house was let to one Finmore ' of Oxford, whose marriage with 
Mrs. Deborah Coaley of Oxford took place in the parish church in 
1704. The last Pudsey died in 1729, leaving an infant daughter, who 
subsequently married Rev. John Sydenham, and their son left the 
estate to his daughter's husband Richard Burgoyne, with whose 
descendants it still remains ^ From tradition we learn that the house 
once occupied three sides of a square — at present the pretty summer- 
house overlooking the road is all that remains of the architectural 
ornament of the place. 

* See Gutch, Fasti, vol. 4; also In Wood £. L we read £100 ; in Rawl. 

Turner's Records of the City. £1000, B 400 c. 

' 'This John was son of Thomas ' Finmore, This fiunily is from 
Smith, once cook of Christ Church, North Hincksej. In the church there are 
and had issue one only daughter, who monuments to one of them : The ' Re- 
was married to Sir William Morton, corder of Abingdon,' and to ' Elizabeth, 
Knight, and for her fortune brought wife of Richard Finmore of Kidlington, 
about £100 GCi^^oo) P^ annum in land 1716.' The history of this £unily has 
in Kidlington and houses in Oxford. been published by one of its members. 
By this lady Sir William Morton had * This daughter had no children, and 
one son surviving, afterwards Sir James the Kidlington property was left by her 
Morton (and several daughters), who husband Burgoyne to his children by a 
sold the part of the estate lying here former marriage, 
to one Mr. Pudsey, a lawyer ; ' Rawl. 



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HAMPDEN MANOR. 93 

Upon the ' Town Moor ' in front of the house once stood the old 
hollow oak, roomy enough to accommodate eight or ten men. This 
served Sir William Morton as a temporary lock-up for rogues and 
vagabonds until he was at leisure to attend to their case. The tree 
measured twenty-five feet round above the spurs *. 



II.— Sir William Morton, K.B., Justice of the 
King's Bench. 

The family of Morton arose in the northern part of Nottinghamshire 
where that county borders upon Yorkshire : they held land at Morton, 
close to Bawtry, a small country town where one of the family founded 
an alms-house for the care of the poor, and a chapel in which they 
were buried '• 

From the locality where they lived the family came to be known as 
Morton or Bawtry indifferently. They spread over several of the 
midland counties, and from one branch of the family came the cele- 
brated Cardinal Morton who died in 1500. 

William Morton, the subject of this memoir, was bom in Worcester- 
shire where his immediate ancestors bad settled. His father was 
James Morton of Clifton in Sevemstoke, and his great grandfather 
was Sir Rowland Morton of Massington, co. Hereford, one of the 
Masters of Requests in Henry Vlll's time '. His mother was Jane, 
daughter of William Cook of Shilwood, Worcestershire. 

William Morton graduated at Sydney College, Cambridge, took 
the degrees of BA. and MA. in 1622 and 1625, and was admitted to 
the Inner Temple in 1622. He came to Oxford, where he met with 
his future wife Anne, the heiress of John Smith of Hampden Manor, 
at the house of his &mily in St Aldate's parish ^. The register of the 
marriage is to be found in Peshall's Wood^ the original having perished. 
The eldest son, John, was bom in Kidlington \\x 1630. William 
Morton seems to have followed his profession for fourteen years, 
until the troubles breaking out between the King and the Parliament, 



» Wood and Rawlinson. Aldate's, and in Queen Elizabeth's 

* Burke's Extinct Baronetage, p. 373. reign had been known as the * Chris- 
' Foss, Lives of the Judges, vol. 7. topher.* Wood, cd. Clark, Hist. Soc., 

* Sir W. Morton's will. This house 1889, vol. i, note 11, p. 200. This is 
was close to Kepeharm*s Lane ja St. nowNo. 1x6 St Aldate's, or thereabouts. 



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94 HISTORY OF KIDUNGTON. 

he declared for the Royalist partes, and exchanging the gown for the 
sword joined a regiment of horse under Lord Chandos. Clarendon 
gives him the highest praise, and speaks of him as 

* having given frequent testimony of signal courage in several actions, in 
which he had received many wounds hoth by the pistol and the sword, tiiat 
his mettle was never suspected and his fidelity as little questioned \' 

He was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, and early in 
1644, owing to the absence in London of the Commander, he was 
placed at the head of the garrison of Sudeley Casde in Gloucester- 
shire*. 

This place was a thorn m the side of the Rebels, being situated 
upon the road of communication between London and Gloucester, 
besides being the key to the valleys which sheltered the clothing mills 
and the trade of the county. During the early part of the war Sudeley 
had been garrisoned for the King, and a large quantity of cloth 
belonging to mill owners in the neighbourhood had been stored there 
for sdety^ More than once the old casde had been besieged and 
taken by each party in turn. It surrendered to Massie in 1642, and 
the Royalists were again in possession the following year, and in 
September Charles was there in person *. We read in a Common- 
wealth paper of that date, 

* that their convoys could not go forward for the Enemie was very strong 
in Gloucestershire that there is no passing without great strength. The 
Enemie amounteth to 7000 horse and foot, which lie at Evesham, Campden, 
Sudeley Castle, and other places ^' 

After the battle of Gosford Bridge, when the King had left Oxford 
and gone to Burford upon his way to Worcester, Waller and Essex 
followed him as far as Evesham. There they consulted together 
and came to the resolve to separate, and that Waller should retrace 
his steps and reduce Sudeley. With that view he sent to invite Massie, 
Governor of Gloucester, to meet him before the Casde. Massie was 
first upon the scene, and surprised some of the men outside the 
walls. A short skirmish ensued before they retreated, and Sir William 
Waller arriving a few hours later, summoned the garrison to surrender ". 



^ Clarendon's Hist of Rebellion, voL In British Mnsenm. 

4, ed. 1826. » Ibid, 

' Rndder's Hist of Gloucestershire. • See Clarendon, also Ruddei's and 

* Rudge's Hist of Gloncestershire. Rudge*s Histories of Gloucestershire. 

* King's Pamphlets, 1664, voL 148. 



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HAMPDEN MANOR. 95 

William Morton refused, when Waller opened fire upon them. 
We read, 

'the artillery did little harm upon the yielding stone, but a stray shot 
entering an embrasure took off the head of their cannoneer and exceedingly 
daunted the common soldiers ^* 

A verse from an old ballad of the county commemorated this event : — 

* Bounce, Bounce again go Waller's gims 
And Morton began to swear, 
Pde rather lose ten thousand pounds 
Than the head of my cannoneer.' 

16449 8th June. This fatality alone would not have overcome 
Morton's resistance, had not treachery intervened. An officer crept 
out from the Castle and betrayed to Waller their want of provisions 
and other necessaries, on this Morton yielded and gave up the garrison 
and himself without any indemnity for his own person. According 
to the Parliamentary account, 

' Shudeley Castle was taken by storme, with all the armes and ammunition : 
70 gentlemen and commandersy 80 horse, 250 common soldiers, and 
2 pieces of ordnance V 

Cloth to the value of £4000 was also seized. Sir William Morton 
was conducted to the Tower in London and there remained until the 

end of the war®. 

'Loyalty is still the same 
Whether it lose or win the game; 
True as a dial to the sun 
Although It be not shined upon.' 

The date of Sir William Morton's knighthood is September 8th, 
1643, ^^^ it occurred while the King paid a flying visit to Sudeley*. 

Now let us return to the family at Hampden Manor. It is easy to 
imagine their anxiety and distress in the midst of the alarms and 
miseries of war. Without doubt every hduse in the village was full 
of soldiers of one party or the other. The three days' fight at Gosford, 
the King's march and countermarch to and from Woodstock, and the 
subsequent withdrawal of his infantry from the banks of the Cherwell, 
led to the occupation of Kidlington by the forces of Essex and 
the King's night march pursued by the Parliamentary troops; the 

* Mrs. Dent's History of Sudcley William's portrait forms the frontispiece 

Castle. State Papers, Dom., 1 644, p. 2 1 9. of her book. 

' Kmg's Pamphlets, ia6. * Iter Carolinnm in Bodleian Library. 
» Mrs. Dent's Hist, of Sndeley. Sir 



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96 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

news of the taking of Sudeley, which immediately followed, with the 
capture of the garrison, would travel fast and add to the distress of the 
sorrowing wife and family. We are told that he bore his imprison- 
ment with resignation and fortitude but the date of his deliverance 
is not recorded ; probably he was kept in confinement for about three 
years, as the birth of another son, William, is registered in 1648. Sir 
William returned to the practice of his profession, and in the last 
year of the Commonwealth he was made Bencher of his Inn. 
Shortly after the restoration the Eling summoned him to the dignity 
of the Coif. In 1662 he was made Recorder of Gloucester, and 
was appointed Consiliarius to the Dean and Chapter of Worcester, his 
native county, and the following year he became King's Counsel and 
Judge of the Ring's Bench in 1665 ^ The burial of his eldest and 
youngest daughters, Anne and Magdalen, took place upon the same 
day in 1670, the result of some family calamity and sorrow which has 
not come down to us. They lie with their four year old brother 
under the elegant monument in the Ladye Chapd. We have the 
record of the marriage of two other daughters, Cecily and Elizabeth, 
the latter in Kidlington, to Thomas Toumeur of Gray's Inn, and 
subsequently the birth of a daughter to them. Only one son, James 
Morton, survived his parents. Sir William Morton filled the Judicial 
Chair for seven years. While upon the Bench he was noted for stem 
severity to highwaymen and robbers, and doubtless his various ex- 
periences during the Civil War led him to treat such ofifenders with 
the severity which was rendered necessary by the long continued 
license of the times. His stem justice was long remembered in 
Kidlington. Morton was one of the judges who sat at Westminster 
to hear the appeals of those who had lost their property in the Great 
Fire of 1666. His exertions in this case met with the gratitude of his 
clients who had the portraits of all the judges, including Sir William, 
who acted in this case, hung in the Guildhall. It fell to the lot of 
Sir William to try the well known highwayman, Claud Duval. This 
miscreant, owing to a handsome person, had become the fashion of 
the day, and ladies of rank besieged the prison to obtain admittance 
to his cell in Newgate : they also signed a petition to get his release. 
Morton's sense of justice was so roused by this folly that he threatened 
to resign his seat if Duval were set at liberty, his protest prevailed 
and Duval was hanged. The foundation of the Alms-houses keeps 

» See * Foss* Judges,* all concerning Sir William Morton's judicial life. Private 
life from Register of parish. 



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HAMPDEN MANOR. 



97 



Morton's name alive in Kidlington. In his will dated 1672 he makes 
provision for their management, but he does not appear to have 
returned to Kidlington. Lady Morton died in London in January, 
1668; he died in Sergeant's Inn in September, 1673, ^^^ t>oth are 
buried together in the Temple Church in London ^. Their monument 
is at present in the gallery of the Temple Church, removed thither 
upon the restoration of the church. 

It is now divided into three portions. The upper one being the 
memorial to John Morton, the eldest son of the judge. This is sur- 
mounted by the coat of arms and crest, the same as appears on the 
Alms-houses at Kidlington, on either side of which is a frieze 
ornamented with fasces of military weapons and insignia. 

Inscriptions. 

*Hic jacet Johannes Morton armiger filius natu maximus Domini 
Willi. Morton et Annae uxoris ejus supra nominat.; Interioris Tempi! 
Socius; vir fortis, pnidens, patiens valdeq. ingeniosus ac unius cohortis 
peditum in Hibemia Dux ; nee non Kilkeniensis Civitatis in dicto regno 
gubernator. Obiit coelebs xxiii die Nov. A.D. mdclxviii. Aetatis 
suae xxxvi.' 



' Ligeantia Legis Essentia.' 
* Heic subtus jacet corpus Willfll. 
Morton militis unius Justiciariorum 
serenissimi Dni. Regis Caroli se- 
cundi ad placita coram ipso Rege 
tenenda assignat ; vir fortis, doctus, 
pius ac Justus, verus Ecclesia An- 
glicanae filius ; Colonellus equorum 
atq. pedu. Caroli beatae memoriae 
prmn fidelis; trium Regum sub- 
ditus diligens. Pacis Regni con- 
servator, boni public! studiosus et 
amator, perduellium hostis ac prae- 
donum malleus. 

i aetatis suae 68. 
Regni Car. and. 24. 
Domini 1673.' 



'Here lyeth under the Hope of 
a glorious and blessed Resurrection 
the Body of the Lady Anne Morton, 
late wife to Sir W. Morton, Knt., 
one of His Majestie's Justices of the 
King's Bench, Daughter and Heire 
of John Smith, of Kidlington, in 
the CO. of Oxford, Gent. A lady 
orthodox and exemplary for piety, 
charity, humility, chastity, con- 
stancy, and patient suffering with 
her husband for the truth in times 
of persecution and rebellion, in 
brief one of the most virtuous 
amongst women, and worthy of 
pious and eternal memory. 

She died 4th January, A.D. 
mdclxviii, aetatis 57.' 



• To Almighty God and the Poor of Kidlington,' we leave their 
memory. 

* Ant. k Wood. E. I. • Buried in ment over their graves.' This order of 
Temple Church on south side towards these inscriptions has evidently been 
the upper end. There is a fidr monu- changed since their erection. 

H 



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98 



HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 



PEDIGREE OF MORTON OF KIDLINGTON. 

Arms. 
Quarterly : lit and 4th, a goat*8 head, erased ; and and 3rd, ermine. 

John Morton == 

Stephen, bap. 1584. 
Thomas Morton = Agnes Kente, married 2nd Nov., 1587. 
Vincent Morton, buried 1629 (from Kidlington Register). 



James Morton, of Clifton, == Jane Cooke, dan. of WilL Cooke, 
in Sevemstoke, i of Shilwood, 

CO. Worcester. I co. Worcester. 



William Morton, died Sept 16 
buried in the Temple Char 
Lcmdon. 



^ Anne Smith, of Oxford and Kidlington, 
bom 23rd Feb., 1608, married at St. 
AldateV Oxford. 8th Feb., 1629, died 
Jan., i668j borieawith her hosluuid in 
Temple Chu'ch. 



T 



Anne and other children 

bom m Oxford. 

Anne died at Kidlington, 

167a 



bap. at Kid- 
lington, 1640L 
died 1668, 
buried in 
Temple. 



George, 
bap. at Kid- 
lington, 1634. 



bap. at Kid- 
lington, 1653. 



WilGam, 
bap. at Kid- 
lington, 1648, 
buried at Kid- 
lington, 1652. 



Cecily, bap. 
at Kidling. 
ton, 1642. 



Henry Newberie, of Severn- x^..^^...., - 
stoke, Surveyor of Customs bap. at Kid- 
in London, died 1679, ^8^ lington,i644 
38. (Metcalfs Visitation of (the ist child 
Worcester, 1682). after her 
father's 

Three children, knighthood). 

one son and two 



Elizabeth, == Thomas Tooraeur, 



daughters. 



of Gray's Inn, mar. 
at Kidlington, i8th 
May, 1665. 



and buried 
at Kidling- 
ton, 167a 



Anne, bap. at Kidlington, 1666. 



ited 
am, 
SnssesL Anne, the daughter and hefress of Sir John Covert, Knt. and Bart., and had 
two sons, John Morton and James Morton, the latter sold Slougham to Charles Sergison, 
Esq. (London Marriage Licenses and Burke's Extinct Baronetage). Sir James died Jiine» 
1690 ; his wifJB^ Jane, 17 14 (Beny's Sussex Ftedigrees, p. 322). 



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HAMPDEN MANOR. 99 



III.— PUDSEY. 

Amidst the dales of the north-west of Yorkshire upon the banks of 
two mountain streams Tees and Wharfe, are to be found the sites of 
the weUnigh forgotten hamlets of Barford and Bolton. Here were the 
homes of the ancient family of Pudsey, which gave to Durham its 
celebrated Bishop Hugh de Puteaco, as he is styled in the old 
chronicles. 

Rowland, or Robert, the son of Henry Pudsey and Margaret 
Conyers, was attracted by the young widow of Thomas Fulthorpe of 
Barnard Castle, a town in Durham a few miles from Barford '. She 
was Edith, the heiress of John Hore of Elesfield in Oxfordshire, and 
by this marriage Pudsey became Lord of Elsfield and of Langley in 
Warwickshire. The great grandson of this union was George Pudsey • 
who, by his second wife, became the father of Sir George, Recorder of 
Oxford, and of William Pudsey the subject of our history. The two 
brothers were both at the Bar. William purchased Hampden Manor 
from Sir James Morton. In the exercise of his profession he was 
called upon to give counsel's opinion in the historic dispute between 
the Fellows of Magdalen College and King James II, relative to the 
appointment of a President of the College. The Fellows, amongst 
whom was Dr. Alexander Pudsey, requested his opinion as to the 
obligation of their oath to maintain the statutes of their founder, 
against the King's mandate to admit Dr. Anthony Farmer to the 
Presidentship. In a letter dated Kidlington, 11 April, 1687, William 
Pudsey gives a very cautious answer, with an evident bias in favour of 
the King, and a very lively fear of compromising himself with either 
party, and concludes his letter with these words — 

*this is a caution to us to be very tender in requiring oaths, &c. Sirs, 
this in great haste I venture to give as my opinion in Law and ... I refer 
you to the opinion of Mr. Serg*. Pemberton and Mr. Finch, &c. . . .'* 

Several children were bom to William Pudsey in Kidlington, and 
his son William succeeded to the property. After his death his widow 
became involved in a lawsuit with the Overseers of the Poor for the 
payment of arrears due to the Alms-houses. The payment of this sum 
was charged by Sir W. Morton upon land bought by him from Griffin 
Irons and situated near the church. The suit was closed in 1713 

1 Rawlinson 400 B in BodL Lib. * Oxford Historical Society, Mag- 

' See George Pudsey, Yamton. dalen ColL, 1886, p. ai. 

H % 



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lOO HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON, 

when Madame Pudsey paid the arrears, which amounted to £31 5x.' 
This dispute put the parish to the expense of a copy of Judge 
Morton's will, with a case to keep it in, and expenses to the total cost 
of 1 6 J. 4^. Madame Pudsey probably left Kidlington and the house 
was let. She does not appear to have died here. One of the name, 
Mrs. Mary Pudsey, fell into poverty and was supported by the parish, 
and was eventually taken elsewhere in 1727'. The second William 
Pudsey has left little behind him. A single entry in the parish 
accounts mentions him ; on his tombstone he is styled Captain, prob- 
ably in the local militia. His wife was the daughter of Mr. Welshman 
of Brackley, and widow of Roger Almont. An infant son died the 
year after his father, and the estate came to his only daughter, Anne, 
married later on to the Rev. John Sydenham. Mrs. Pudsey is buried 
with her husband and several grandchildren in the south or Sydenham 
aisle of the church. 

Mr. Sydenham seems to have acted as curate here: he signed 
some parish accounts in 1756 as * Minister.' The twelve children of 
this marriage were bom at Hampden Manor, and at the same time 
another John Sydenham, who was excise officer and called himself of 
Dulverton, was living in Kidlington. In 1810 another Rev. John 
Sydenham who was Rector of Radey ' in Warwickshire, died here. 

In 1834 Amy Sydenham married Richard Burgoyne, and in his 
family the property has remained until the present time. 

From Parish Register : — 

John Sydenham, of Dulverton, z^ Amy, died 1771 (?)• 
CO. Someraet. | 

Thomas, jrd son, Wilham, 4thson, George 5th son, Grace, Anne, 

born 25th Sept^ 1763. bom and July, 1765. born 19th July, 1707. born 25th born 23rd 

Sept., 1768. Sept^ 177a 



Amy Sydenham, died 13th Jan., 1771. 
Anne ^denham (Mrs.X <li^ ^^ April, 18 
Hannah Sydenham, died 23rd Feb., x8o6. 



^ The original entry is amusing: shire, MSS. in British Museum. John 

' Received of Madame Pudsey of alle Sydenham of Dulverton was possibly 

arares that wase be hind be louning to third son of Humphrey S. of Coombe. 

the Alms house to this daye.* See Burke's Extinct Baronetage, p. 517. 

' Paid Mrs. Mary Pudsey at her need He had a bastard son known as James 

2s,f lodging and small drink to Mr. Miller, who was kept by the parish until 

Brown for is, for twenty-two weeks, he was eleven years old, when he was 

£1 25. od. Spent when Mr. Turrill apprenticed to one Keene a shoemaker 

and I went to him, John Scarsbrook, at Handbro'. The papers between the 

to carry away Mrs. Pudsey, 8^. parish and the father were signed at 

* Upcott's collections for Oxford- Dulverton. 



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HAMPDEN MANOR. 



TOT 



PEDIGREE OF PUDSEY OF ELSFIELD AND KIDUNGTON. 



Armsl 
Quarterly :— let, ar]gnent, a chevron between three mallets or, Puds^\ and, sable, three 
dnqfoUs gnles pierced argent, Hort ; 3rd, argent, two bars nebula sable, £lU^fitid\ 4th, gules, 
a fret or, within a bordure of the last, charged with fleursKle-lys azure. 



This pedigree nuule out from Harleian Society vol. e, from Posterns Yorkshire Pamiliei^ 
and the latter portion, referring to Sydenham, from the Parish Register. 

T 



Henry Padsey, = Maiigaret Conyers. 
of Bolton, 
died isaa 



Thomas Pulthorpe, = Edith, nieoe and heiress = Rooert or Rowland Padsey. 
of Barnard Castle, of John Hore, of Blsfield. | 
i9Hen.VIL | 

WilUam Padsey 

Robert Padsey 

Mande Cotton, of Bold, r= George Padsey == Margaret Gibbona of 
ca Stafford. 1 Satton Coldfield. 



(ist) Margaret Miller 
(and) li^ry Lowe, 
who afterwards 
married H. Brett, 

buried at Blsfield. 



=: Richard and F< 



T •■■"'! 

Hi 

kd 



I and Four sons an< 
Michael both three 

had brasses in daughters. 
Blsfield Church. 



Sir George, 

Recorder of 

Oxford. 



Rooert, and 

one son and 

two daughters. 



William, of Kidlington, == Anne, 
living there in 1087. 



Roger Ahnont =r Anne Welshman, 
died -* "'•'"* — '— 



le w c i aniD H u , =p William Pudsey, 
at Kidlins;ton, | died at Kidlington, 
57,aged6i. I7a9,aged45. 



WiUiamTohn, 
died at Kimington, 
aged 1 year, 173a 



T 



Anitie, =: John Sjrdenham (Rev.X 
bom 173& I died at Kidlington, 
diedi8(M(?) 1788, aged ^ 



Wiliiara. another William, 

bom and *- ^ ^-^ 

died 1748. 



.rWUlia . 
bom and died 
1750. 



Humphrey St Barbe, 

Dom 1751, 

died same year. 



Mary, John Padsey, == Hannah, 



bora 1754. bora 1747. 



These four buried at Kidlington. 



died 
1806 (7). 



J<^ Pudsey Welshman, 
bora 1789, died 1854. 



Amy, = Richard Burgoyne. 
bom 1791, 
mar. 1854. 



Benj. Lucas = Anne, twin 
of Xirby. 



Yorks. 



with Mary, 



Mary, 
bom 1752, 
died 1753. 



Katherine, 
bora I75d. 



Humphrey, = Anne Collier, 
bora 17C8, of Enshai 

mar. at Kid- died i8oa( 

lington, 1781. 



ham, 



r 



Thomas, 
bora 1761, 
diedi76j. 



Charlotte, 
bora 1763, 
died 1764. 



William, 

bnrieaat 
Kidliiigt<Mi. 



George, = Susannah, 
bora 1770. 1 

Sarah, bora 1793. 



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CHAPTER VII. 

I.— The Manor of Water Eaton. 

The Lordship of Eton in the Domesday Survey is divided into 
two parts: one in the hands of Robert d'Oiley, about which we are 
concerned; the other belonging to Roger d'lvry, which probably 
is represented by Wood Eaton. In the grant of this manor to Osney 
Abbey, Eton includes Sparswey, that portion adjoming the river 
where a foot bridge exists, and 'Frees' farm, which lies between the 
Oxford and Banbury and the Woodstock roads*. 'Frees or Frice' 
farm has always continued as a separate holding and a chapel was 
formerly there, the history of which is apparently lost Wood re- 
cords nothing more than a shepherd's hut in his day, and at present 
the only sign of antiquity about the buildings is a very deep, ancient 
well The Bailiwick of Eton under the Abbey included * Eton, Car- 
sinton, Wodeton, Hule Mill, Cudeslowe, Fres, Hanbury, Worton* .' 

It will be remarked that Henry d'Oiley gave the manor to the 
Abbey of Osney 'free from all service,' but in 1350 when Thomas 
de Cudlington was Abbot, this freedom seems to have been called 
in question, and after an enquiry held upon the subject, it was de- 
clared that 'the Abbot held Eton upon the service of two knight's 
fees.' A certain portion of the manor had been given by Henry 
d'Oiley to John Grey, Bishop of Norwich, and we find his father 
Arnold Grey styled Lord of Water Eaton. Whatever their rights 
and possessions may have been, they all seem to have merged in 
the holdings of the Abbey which held the whole until the dissolution 
of the Monastery. 

Circa laai. The mill had been excluded from the gift to Osney, and 
Henry d' Oiley made it over to the church of St. Frideswide's in Oxford. 

1328. In this year a disagreement arose between these two religious 
houses upon this matter. The tenant in the Mill was one named Robert 

* See page i. * Chartulary of Osney. 



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THE MANOR OF WATER EATON. 103 

Hule, Richard Grey was Abbot of Osney and Simon, Prior of 
St Frideswide's. The dispute had reference to the tithes of hay and 
the fishing belonging to the said Mill. It was finally agreed that 
the Canons of St. Frideswide's should pay 2^. yearly at Michaelmas 
to the Canons of Osney for tithes ; while the mills were let, then the 
tenant should pay, and if they came again into the hands of the 
Canons the payment should continue as before, and no more under 
the name of tithes should be asked of them. Furthermore it was 
stipulated that the servants of the said mills should have parish rights 
in the church of Kidlington to which they had been accustomed. 
This matter is stated in the Deed as follows : — 

' Simon, Prior, and the convent of St. Frideswide quit claim to the Abbot 
and convent of Osney the suit of their tenants (hominum) in Eton and 
Cuddelowe now and for ever, which suit they are accustomed to make from 
ancient times to their mill which was called Hule Mill. For this renuncia- 
tion the sd. Abbot and convent remit aj. for certain tithes in Elsfield and 
also pay to them \ a mark of silver on the feast of St. Michael yearly. 
Witness — Vivian the son of Ralph the Sheriff. Ralph Hareng and others ^.* 

It is worth remarking that after all mention of the Mill had ceased 
*the two little meadows and the pasture called CuddysloweV 
which probably mark its site, are separately valued to the Abbey. 
The taxation of the manor in 1291 was £11 4^. 8^., which had 
increased in Henry VIII's reign to £61 17X. 2d, 

1346. The Bailiff of this manor was Robert of Tewe. He has 
left an account for this year still legible. In 1348 AHce Mimican' 
of Oxford bequeathed to Thomas Nextebury of Water Eaton a house 
in St Mildred's parish, and in 1349 Thomas Nextebury gave to 
Osney Abbey some premises he held in St. Edward's parish*. 

1365. Edward III in the 39th of his reign gave Free Warren to 
Osney in the manors of Water Eaton, &c. * 

1376. The portion of land belonging to St. Frideswide's was 
probably exchanged about this time for land elsewhere. In Tanner's 
Monasticon, under the head of St. Frideswide's, we read — 

' 443 Oxford Charters, Bodleian Lib. 525, 528. 

' See p. 34. * Thomas Nextebury appears among 

• Peter Mimican and his son Philip the list of Oxford Jews in Dr. Neubaner's 

were keepers of the forest of Shotover, 'Notes,' in Collec vol. a, Oxford His- 

and had Headington forest. Roger had torical Soc. 

a house at the North Gate of Oxford, ' Dngdale's Mon., vol. 6. pt. i, 

and Alice one near the East Gate. p. 250. 

Wood-Clark, vol. i, pp. 283, 338, 



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104 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

*Pat 50 Ed. Ill, p. a, sec. 33 — ^pro excambio cum Abbate de Oseney 
de Terris in Godstowe et EtonJ and in Dugdale 'pro excambio cum 
Priore S. Frideswide de terris in Godstowe, Thoraldesham et Eton *.* 

1384-5. The name of the Bailiff of this estate dwelling here we 
find to have been Geoffrey Hikefelde. He and his wife Joan paid 
an assessment upon the house and two virgates of land'. A few 
years later Alice Frankelyne quit claimed to John Haumlo and 
Alice his wife, all her rights in all lands, fields, &c., which were her 
husband's, Adam Frankelyne, at Water Eaton '. 

An annual pension of £13 6j. 8<f. was due from this manor* to the 
Brethren of St. John of Jerusalem. The house at Gosford was the 
usual place for receiving such rents and dues from the neighbouring 
places. 

1534. We have no further notice of Water Eaton until we come 
to this year, when the curious correspondence between Thomas 
Cromwell and John the Abbot took place*. Cromwell never got 
the coveted farm, for at the suppression of the Monastery we find 
it transferred to the new Bishopric of Osney*. Upon the change 
of the new See for that of Oxford, Water Eaton and Frise remained 
in the King's hands, who in the 37th year of his reign 

1545-6 granted them by Deed to William Burye, Merchant of 
Calais. The grant included several places which do not concern us 
here, and was in exchange for the Manor of Calehill in Kent, (in 
the Isle of Sheppey), and for £600 in cash. As follows — 

* We ^ grant our Manor of Culham and Ottenmead and Water Eaton 
and our lands and tithes there in occupation of John Crooker and the 
pasture called Cuddeslowe and two meadows in Water Eaton held by 
John Dennet and that pasture called Fryce in Water Eaton and occupied 
by Edmund Powell ; and Water Eaton Grove and other woods which of 
late belonged to the Bishoprick of Osney ; all granted to William Burye. 
Annual value ;£io6 i j. \\d,\ the tenth of which also given to him as held 
by the Abbot of Abingdon and the Bishoprick of Osney; reserving ad- 
vowsons and Patronage.' 

' P. 416 of Tanner; Dugdale, n.s. Chaiten, 445-446, and Rolls 14, 105, 

This is also mentioned in Charter 445 106, 11 a. 

in Bodley (Oxford Charters). » See p. 31. 

' P. M. Inq., 8 Rich. II. • The manors of Water Eaton, Med- 

* Oxford Charters, 490 and 523, 444 ley, Hooknorton and Watlington were 
and 447. settled upon the new See. See Wood- 

* The Court Rolls for Eton, Cuddes- Clark, vol. a, p. 6. 

lowe and Kidlin^on, about the year ' This deed is in the Archives of 

1357, <ure to be seen in Bodley, Oxford Exeter Coll. 



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THE MANOR OF WATER EATON. 105 

1559-60. Shortly after this, in the second year of Elizabeth we find 
a suit in Chancery entered between Thomas Berry son of John Berry 
and two defendants, claiming settlement as heirs-at-law, and proving 
that John Berry, Esq., the Plaintiflf's father, held the Manor of the 
Crown by Knight's service and rent reserved by letters patent of 
£51 \\5} 

1568-9. A few years later nth and 15th Elizabeth, the house 
seems to have been let to one of the Tavemers of Wood Eaton ; 
his name is returned in both years as William Taverner of Water 
Eaton, High Sheriflf*. 

It was some time in the next twenty years that the family of Frere 
became owners of Water Eaton. The date upon the present mansion 
is 1586 (over an inner door), and we learn incidentally from the report 
of a trial in 1596 that ' Mr. Frere destroyed the whole town of Water 
Eaton ^.' The inference may be drawn that upon his acquisition of 
the property, Mr. Frere set about building a new house, and pulled 
down the cottages to make way for his * dressed grounds.' 

The family of Frere had long been settled in Oxfordshire in the 
position of gentry; and they owned much property in Oxford. 
One of the family settled in Worcester and acquired wealth as a 
com chandler. In the reign of Henry V, we find license granted to 
Geoflfrey Frere to export grain, &c., from Bristol for the victualling 
of Bordeaux *, from this we may probably suppose that the family 
adopted the ears of barley in their coat of arms. 

1596. The 38th Elizabeth we read in the Records of the City of 
Oxford that— 

* It is agreed* at this counsell that Mr. Frere, now High Sheriff of this 
county, shall have a hoggeshead of claret bestowed upon him against the 
next Assizes, at the Citie*s charge.* July nth. 

i6ao. Edward Frere was of sufficient importance at thb time to 
be called upon to take up the new dignity of Baronet upon the 
I St January this year. A discharge for the payment of the usual 
fees was given him upon the following 12th July, to the amount 
of £1095*. 

* Proceedings in Chancery, Eliz. Vol. V, March 16. 44th Rep. of Dep. 
I, p. 84. Plaintiff, Thonias Berry, Keeper of Records, p. 634. 

Emj., defendants. Read Stafford and • From Mr. Wing's Annals of Kid- 
Ed. Wilmot and Eliz. his wife. lington. p. ai. 
« Fuller's Worthies. • Calendar of State Papers, Domestic 
» See page 61. 1619 to 1633, p. 164. 

* Calendar of French Rolls, 9 Hen. 



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I06 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

The title expired with Sir Edward in 1630. 

About this time the Bishop of Oxford made an attempt to recover 
this Manor to his See. 

Petition presented to the King on behalf of Bishop Bancroft : — 

* Whereas it hath pleased your Majestic uppon a petition of the Right 
Revd. Lord Bishop of Oxford to refer unto us the examinacion of a cause 
between him and the possessors of Water Eaton we have accordingly heard 
the Counsell on both side, from whom we understand that the Mannor of 
Water Eaton is now claimed by an original graunt from King Hen. 8th 
to one Burye who paid for the same about ;^6oo. And whereas Water 
Eaton was formerlie in the Bishoppe of Oxford it was ptended to be 
then in the Kinge by a surrender from the saide Bushoppe. But uppon 
debatinge the cause the Counsell on both side doe acknowledge that 
Water Eaton was not made ouer to King Henry by that surrender whereby 
it appeereth that the conveyance thereof to Burye uppon that surrender 
was to noe effect. 

*But that there was afterwards in the ist year of King Edward 6th 
another surrender ptended to be made from the Bushoppe to the Crowne 
by the which though very suspicious and full defect alsoe yet as it is ad- 
mitted by the Counsell of both side the title of Water Eaton thereby is 
now brought to be in your Majestic for since that time there hath bin noe 
conveyance thereof made from the Crowne whereby it appeereth that at 
the only suite and chardge of the Bishop of Oxford Burye his title is 
overthrowne and another title to your Majtie discovered. 

* The title in this manner beinge thus settled in your Majestic by the 
Bushoppe's meanes Water Eaton now remaineth to be disposed of as shall 
best please your Majestic. 

' The possessors of Water Eaton desire consideradon to be had of the 
first conveyance from the Crowne for a reasonable valuacion and of the 
meane conveyance obteyned with their money and alsoe ther longe posses- 
sion and the rather for that the Busshoppe (as they alledge) had a reason- 
able recompence for all that was surrendered in King Edward's tyme. 

* The Bushoppe denyinge that any such recompence in respect of Water 
Eaton his Pallace and his Manner house of Thame, &c., was ever made to 
the Bushoppe alsoe desireth your Majestie's favour both in respect of his 
great chardge for that he only hath by suite excluded the wronge title of 
Bury and discovered suche a title to yom* Majestic and in regard to the 
B(ishoprick) wherein that was first founded and never rightlie taken from 
it he humblie praieth that consideracion be had to the cause of the Church 
ever thought to be most favourablie respected especiallie in soe eminent a 
place as that Universitie is and there erected by authoritie of pliant (Par- 
liament ?) for the publicke good of most waightie cause and that alsoe by the 
increase of the B(ishopricke) besides manie other conmiodities the Crowne 
is like to have most profitt for that it is the King's gift who is thereby 
to reape a greater profitt by increase of first Fruits, tenths and subsidies 
besides the great beneficial offers that to the good of the University Citty 



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THE MANOR OF WATER EATON. 107 

and Country the Bushoppe offereth by the heipe of this manner should 
your Majestie redone (reendow?) it to the Bishoppe which is now 
omitted the like occasion male never or hardlie fall hereafter. 

* And for that the first conveyance of Water Eaton to Bury was made 
uppon a false suggestion that the title was in the King uppon the first sur- 
render which now cleerlie proveth otherwise and that the first consideration 
given by Bury beinge but about ;f 600 which was nothinge proportionable 
to the value of Water Eaton now beinge worth aooo Mark by the yere and 
to be soulde at ;£3o,ooo and consideringe that the now possessors ^ under 
;£iooo for the purchase of the mannor as the deed thereof sheweth and all 
readie they have gotten therby about ;^3o,ooo. 

* And for that they ever stood uppon ther owne right, traversinge your 
Majestie*s title as appeareth by Records to be more (relied ?) uppon than 
anie privat relation, and for that they never sought ane favour by the Com- 
missioners for defective titles, till the Bushoppe by his great chardges had 
discovered your Majestie's title, havinge bin driven thereto by necessity of 
house land and maintenance competent, and by conscience to complaine to 
your Majestie uppon the s* wronge, and (in the) Comfort of your Majesties 
most gracious promises often as he saithe formerlie made unto him. 

* The Bishoppe humblie therefore praieth that he and the Bishoppricke 
may rather be favoured by your Majestie than the new possessors of Water 
Eaton havinge noe just title or anie title at all thereunto but onlie ther 
over longe wronge ursurpation, Thuse havinge declared the state of the 
cause and allegacions of the parties wee humblie leave to your highness the 
disposinge of your gracious favour in this Manner of Water Eaton as God 
shall move the hart of your most excellent Majestie ^' 

The Bishop did not prosecute this matter any further, but built his 
Palace at Cuddesdon and we read further : — 

* Dr. Brown Willis was told that Dr. Bancroft received ;f 100 a year to 
stop his proceedings about the recovery of Water Eaton Manor to the See 
of Oxford, which he was attempting'.* 

Evidence exists that Water Eaton house had been let to Sir Thomas 
Temple erf Stowe. An enquiry concerning rent was made in 161 1, 
William Fryer being the plaintiff*. 

Sir Thomas Temple deserves notice on account of his wife Esther 
Sandys, who lived according to trustworthy evidence to see 700 of 
her descendants. The truth of this statement is attested by Dr. 
Fuller who teUs us that he bought the information by a wager 
thereon. 

The mother of the Speaker Lenthall and the wife of Dr. Standard 

* Igave. * Calendar of Exchequer Depositions, 

* Tanner, cxlvii. ... 77. James I, Dep. Keeper of Records, 38th 

* Brown Willb, Cathed., vol. 3, p. 553 Report, p. 587. 



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I08 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

of Kidlington were her daughter and grand-daughter; the last survivor 
of this numerous family was a daughter of Sir Henry Gibbs of 
Ilmington, co. Warwick, she died in 1737*. Sir Thomas Temple's 
son-in-law, Sir John Lenthal, built a house at Custslow of which 
notice will be taken later on. 

The history of the Lovelace family whose name has given the 
charm of romance to Water Eaton must form the subject of another 
section. 



PEDIGREE OF FRERE OR FRYER, OF WATER EATON. 



Or, two flanches and three barley ears gules, counter-changed between two billets of the second. 

This pedigree is compiled from HarL MS., British Mnseom, and Wood's MS. F. 13, Bod. Lib. 

Geoffrey Prcre, of Worcester, temp. Hen. V ; William, Philip, and John Frere, lath Hen. VI. 
gentry in Oxfordshire (Poller's Worthies). 

William Frere qp Agnes BoweO Reve. 

Henry, and son, Edward, = Anne, daughter of Frideswide ^ Will Jennets^ 
died s. p. died 1564, in Ozon. John Bustard, ofTalton, 

ofAdderbnry. ca Worcester. 



r^ 7:, n 



WiUiam Frere, ?p Marie Bamfield, Blisabeth = John Lovelace. Anne = (ist) Dr. Hen. Bayley, 



of Water Eaton, 
married in All 
Saints, Ozon, 



diea 1611I. 



of ca Dorset, d. Oxon, (and) R. Culpepper, 

died 157^ ^ .'5^ 4„ London. 



buried in All bnriM in All 

Saints, Oxford. Saints, Oxford. 



Bamfield, Margaret and daughter of = Edward, Bart, = Mary Stafford, of Blathe- Bight more 
buried at Richara Tavemer, and i6ao, wyke, Northants rSurke's children. 

Kidlington. relict of Yates of Witney died 1^0. Ext. Baronetag^ died 1633, 

(Ant k Wood, P. 13.) buried in St. Andrew's, 

Holbom(Wood,ai4). 

1 See PtehaU's Wood, onder All Saints. 

In Wood MS. D. 5 will be found the register of all this family. In 
the same book, under St Aldate's, occurs the following marriage: 
'Richard Saunders, of Kidlington, to Elizabeth Fryer, 6th Oct 16 10.' 
Also under All Saints, ' Thomas Brace, Generosus, to Francisca Fryer, 
1588.' 

* William, son of Edward Fryer/ was baptized in Kidlington, 1596. 
He probably died young, as the Baronetcy became extinct upon the 
death of Sir Edward in 1630. 

* Playfair*8 British Family Antiqaity» vol. a, p. 463. 



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THE MANOR OF WATER EATON. 1 09 

From Kidlington Register, probably for Water Eaton : — 

* Elizabeth, wife of Roger Temple, buried 1587.' 

* Roger Temple, widdower, buried 1597.' 

* Thomas, son of Thomas Temple, buried 1624.' 



II.— Frees or Price Farm, or the Friezes. 

Frice farm or the Friezers lies 

'in the midway between Wolvercote and Yamton and joining to the 
horse rode on the right hand, here are certaine grounds of pasture called 
Frice in the parish, as I conceive, of Kidlington *.' 

So it is described by Wood in one of his country rambles, and he goes 
on elsewhere to say that there had once been a chapel here, but in his 
day nothing more remained besides a shepherd's hut. At the present 
time there stands a modem farm house, and the only remains of 
antiquity is the ancient well sunk to a great depth, owing doubtless 
to the Oxford clay which runs here in a narrow spit, into Kidlington 
village. This place can boast of a separate history, and a well-known 
name ever smce the day when Robert d'Oiley gave it to the church* of 
St. George and Henry d'Oiley included it in his gift to Osney Abbey. 
Richard, Earl of Cornwall, confirmed to Osney all that Adam Potario 
held at Fres : — 

' My chapel of Frees with the manse and the land to hold free from all 
jurisdiction of other courts, except for murder and theft '.* 

It seems reasonable to derive the name from one of the following 
sources : — 

*The chapel of Frees' may signify a 'Free chapel' from the juris- 
diction of the Bishop, or else the land may have obtained its name from 
* Friscus,' uncultivated land, or * Frassetum,' a wood (in Domesday), 
or else 'Frith,' a plain between two woods. The Saxon word Fridi 
signifying Peace was used also for a wood, as the Saxons held several 
woods to be * Sanctuaries *,' hence the chapel here may have been a 
place of ' Sanctuary.' In Domesday Robert d'Oiley is said to hold in 
Eton 3 J hides which never paid tax. Walter de Croxford held land 
opposite to the Chapel of Frees which he gave to the Abbey, and the 
same land appears to have been made over to Rewley Abbey, and 

* Wood, E. I. and also in another * Cbartulary of Osney. 
MS. He quotes from Reg. of Osney • See page 3. 
in Ch. Ch., p. 14, cap. vcl. tit. 17. * Cowers Law Dictionary. 



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TA.A/* ^ .4-'U 



1 1 HISTOID Y OF KIDUNGTON. 

this must have formed that portion of Price which now lies in the 
parish of Yamton '. 

In the Valor Ecclesiaslicus of Henry VIII Fryce is valued at £6 13X. 
as a member of the Manor of Water Eaton. The tenant at that time 
was John Mawnde '. A few years later it was included in the grant or 
sale of Water Eaton to William Burye ' of Calais. Edmund Powell, 
probably the same as of Sandford then rented it. 

'^homas Claydon of Frise in the parish of Kidlington. 
ly petitioned for absolution, affirming that he was 
a Jew, nor did he ever hold any Jewish opinions, 
and absolved V 

r notice of this farm until 1821 when it was 
t from tax at the time when an enquiry was 
^e, relating to tithes and divers rights in Water 
t had become alienated from Water Eaton after 
/entworth^, and was at length purchased by 
llolonel Fuller of London in 1863. The total 
ses (£171 and timber), was £6340 loj. 2<f., 
ime, £230 per annum, slighdy raised during 
/ much reduced. 



Lovelace at Water Eaton. 

the Lovelace family with Water Eaton begins 

iage of Elizabeth Frere with John Lovelace, of 

we are told that * Sir Edward Frere sold Water 

iV 

taron Lovelace, was raised to the Peerage in 

ence at Water Eaton in 1636, and that year we 

to be £12 in arrears for * Ship Money'',' a tax 
nt part in the subsequent quarrel between the 
nt. 

second baron, strongly supported the Royal 
)ellion which followed, and sacrificed a large 

See History person see History of Yamton. 

* See Ped. of Lovelace, 
ige 105. • Harleian Soc. Publications, vol. 5. 

►f Bishop of » Cal. of State Papers, Domestic, 
p., vol. 15, 1639, P* 339« 
Q. For this 



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LORD LOVELACE AT WATER EATON. Ill 

portion of his personal property to the King's interest. He married 
Anne, the daughter of Lord Cleveland, one of the King's generals, 
who defeated the Roundheads at Cropredy Bridge. Her ladyship was 
exposed to considerable annoyance from this party from a desire of 
revenge for the defeat they had experienced at the hands of her 
father. In September, 1644, Lord Lovelace being probably away in 
Cornwall with the King, a party of Parliament troopers having amused 
themselves by disturbing the congregation in Wolvercote Church, 
suddenly turned across 'the field,' and presented themselves before 
the house at Water Eaton. Here they summoned Lady Lovelace to 
attend them, and bringing out her carriage forced her into it, and drove 
off to Middleton Stoney, where they left her to return home on foot ^ 

A tradition still exists that King Charles found a refuge in the 
Manor House at Water Eaton from his enemies. There is no impro- 
bability in this, as the King was frequently in Oxford during these 
times, and the known devotion of the family to him would render the 
idea of his concealment in their house most natural. At the same 
time, there does not appear to be any confirmation of the fact, and 
the hiding hole shown in the house might have been used for a 
different purpose *. 

The connection between the two parishes of Wood and Water 
Eaton seems to have been much closer in the seventeenth century than 
it is at present. We have seen that the Tavemer family held both 
places, and doubtless they had a convenient means of communication. 
The ruins of a bridge of cut stones, now lying in the river, seem to 
show that this was the case, and such a bridge would probably be 
destroyed in 1644, when Essex's army occupied the east bank of the 
river previous to the fight at Gosford Bridge. 

At the conclusion of the Civil War, Lord Lovelace, impoverished in 
fortune, retired to the Gate House at Woodstock Palace ', which had 
been spared from the general destruction of the royal buildings, he 
compounded for his estates, and declared that 

' he was Tenant for life of the Manor of Water Eaton and certaine lands 
in Water Eaton, Kidlington, Wood Eaton, and Cherwell (sic) worth before 
these warres ;f 1000, but lying within three miles of Oxford now not worth 

* Dunkin's BuUingdon and Ploughley, corded the death of ' Old Father Moore 

vol. a, p. 60. Lady Lovelace was at of Water Eaton,' possibly an old priest 

this time twenty-one years of age. living in retirement. 

' This may have been constructed for ' Marshall's History of Woodstock, 

the concealment of a Catholic priest p. 233. 
In the Parish Register in 1600 is re- 



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1 1 2 HISTOR Y OF KIDLINGTON. 

anything, wherof reserved upon leases for three lives £i^ ios,od, I have 
but one son and if he dye and I have no other son, then the remainder of all 
my property, after my mother's death and my own, goes to my brother, 
and I owe ;^8ooo at the least besides Interests for 4 years for the same. 
John Lovelace ^.' 

He lived at Woodstock for ten years after the King's restoration, and 
died in 1670. His own house at Water Eaton, during the Common- 
wealth, seems to have been inhabited by his father-in-law, Lord Cleve- 
land. Forty years later the question arose concerning this tenancy as 
to whether Lord Cleveland were to be considered in the light of a 
tenant or of a guest *. This was probably at the time when the aflfairs 
of the third Lord Lovelace ' were brought before Parliament for settle- 
ment. Seven years after his father's death, viz., in 1677, an Act of 
Parliament was passed enabling Lord Lovelace to raise money for the 
setdement of his daughters and for the jointure of the Lady Martha, 
his wife, as follows : — 

*The late John, Lord Lovelace, contracted debts to the amount of 
;£a 0,000 in the service of King Charles ist and suffered much in his pro- 
perty ; and the present Lord Lovelace joined him in the sale of the greater 
parts of the estates and otherwise supplied his father with money by doing 
which he contracted debts of upwards ;£5ooo. This bill settles the Manor 
of Hurley upon Lady Martha and charges the said lands with ;£ 15,000 
instead of ;^ 10,000 payable as portions to his daughters. It also confirms 
;^3ooo to Henry Drax (his son-in-law) upon the Manor of Water E^ton 
by annual instalments of ;^5oo a year, after the death of Anne, Lady 
Lovelace. Power is given to Lord Lovelace to sell or mortgage such 
portions of Hurley and the reversion of Water Eaton, for raising ;£50oo, 
which are not included in Lady Martha's jointure *.' 

During his residence in Woodstock, Lord Lovelace proved himself 
a benefactor to the town. He built the gallery in the church there, 
which is used by the Mayor and Corporation, and proposed to found 

* Royalist Comp. Papers, and series, Orange, 1688. Imprisoned at Gloucester, 
vol. 7, pp. 313 and 195. Record Office. Captain of Gentlemen Pensioners i68f, 

• 'Cause of Lady Wentworth, &c. and Chief Justice in Eyre of all his 
Trial as to the sojourn of Lord Lovelace Majesty's Forests on this side of Trent, 
and his wife, Lady Anne, at Tudding- Died 27 Sep., 1693. Donor of plate to 
ton, also Lord Cleveland at Water the College, and his portrait by Marcus 
Eaton and Hurley, whether as " guests " Laroon hangs in the Hall.' Gardiner's 
or to pay.* Fortieth Report, Deputy Register of Wadham College. 
Keeper of Records, p. 395, 39th * Report of Rojral Commission on his- 
Charles II. torical MSS., Ninth Report, pt 3, p. 93, 

' 'John Lovelace, only son of 3nd 1883; also see printed report in Calendar 
Baron Lovelace ; matriculated 1655 ; <>f Committee, for Compounding, pt. 3, 
MA. 1 661. Rose for the Prince of p. 1188. 



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LORD LOVELACE AT WATER EATON. 1 13 

an alms-house, which was to have been endowed out of the rents of 
Lowfield in Water Eaton \ This idea does not seem to have been 
carried out, and there are no proofs or traditions that such an endow- 
ment was ever effected. 

Ten years later, in 1688, Lord Lovelace took part against the King, 
James II, and was several times arrested for political intrigues. When 
the Prince of Orange landed in England, Lovelace raised a troop of 
horse from among his tenantry, and marched into Gloucestershire. A 
sharp conflict took place at Cirencester, and Lovelace was taken and 
imprisoned in Gloucester Castle. The townsmen, however, sympa- 
thised with the Prince of Orange, and rising up, demanded the release 
of Lovelace, who returned to Oxford, marching with the remnant of 
his men past Water Eaton, and entering the City by Wadham College, 
Long Wall Street, the East gate, upon the 5th December of the same 
year'. King William rewarded his zeal in his cause and appointed 
him Captain of Pensioners. 

The family must have made Water Eaton their dwelling frequently 
during this period. The date upon the porch of the house is 1688, 
and an entry in the parish register in 1690' shows probably that they 
were there in that year. Lady Anne survived her son, who died in 
1693, leaving an only daughter, Martha, who, upon the death of her 
grandmother, became Baroness Wentworth. She married Sir Henry 
Johnson, Bart., of Fliston *, co. Suffolk, who made his money as a ship 
builder. After the death of Lady Wentworth without issue the Water 
Eaton property passed to the two grand-daughters of her husband by 
his first marriage. The voting papers for the year 1754 are sufficient 
evidence for this. 

The following names of some of the inhabitants of Water Eaton in 
1285 are mentioned in vol. 18 of Oxford Historical Society, 1891, 
Thorold Rogers, p. 209: — * Richard Doitby, Richard Ops, John 
Banks, Robert Chaunter, Walter Cha.' 

^ 'John, Lord Lovelace, a rent charge Coll. in nineteen stanzas. It is to be 

of £50 out of a field in Water Eaton fotmd in and part of 'Miscellany Poems,' 

called " Low field," to the Corporation published by Dryden, London, 4th ed., 

of Woodstock/ Report of Charity 1716, p. 198. 

Commissioners, p. 498. Marshall's ' 'The Lady Lnflis maid bnried.' 

Woodstock, p. 333. R^. 

^ A ballad commemorating this event * Bnrke's Ex. Peerage and Rawlm- 

was written by John Smith of Magd. son MS. 



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HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 



PEDIGREE OF LOVELACE OF WATER EATON. 

Asms. 
Gules, upon a chief sable indented, three birds. 

Elizabeth Frere = John Lovelace, of Hurley (Harleian MS.) 

Richard Lovelace, of Horiey, = Maifaret Dodsworth, 
created Baron, 1627. I of London. 

Lady Anne Wentworth. == John, and Baron, 
dan. of Earl of Cleveland, | of Water Eaton, 
married in 1638, aged 15. I died 1670. 



hn^ «rd BaroOy =p Martha or Mar^fery Anne, Dorothy = Henry Drax. 



PycL of Bradenbam^ 
CO. Bocks, dao. of Sir 



8. p. 



Edmund I^e, and Margaret = Sir WiU. Noel, 

co-heircss. 



Martha, succeeded ^ Sir Henry Johnson, Bart.. = 
her firrandmother of Fliston, co. Suffolk, ana 
in the Barony of of Bradenham, jure uxor 

Wentworth, (of Poplar, ship builder), 

died s. p. 1719. 

t thus far is taken from Playfalr's British Family 
3, p. 26; Burke's Extinct Peerage ; Marshall's 



1st wifei. 



-.^. rv 1^ 



T' 



Anne ^ Thomas Wentworth, 
Earl of Strafford, 
died 1739. 



f arshal Sir George Howard, = Lucy. HennetU = Henry Vernon, 

DfBockham, Surrey. I of Hilton, Esq. 



Anne, == Gen. Richard Vyae. 
only child, I 
died 1784. 

R. W. H. Howard Vyse, == Ftances Hesketh. 
.Bucka. 



of Stoke Fogea, 1 
f oho Sawyer = Sarah Dickens. 

Gen. Charles Sawyer, present owner of Water Eaton. 
> Burke's Extinct' Pterage and Landed bentry. 

reat Election, 1754, Sir G. Howard voted for Water Eaton, 

. Vernon for Frice farm. 

Fuller sold Frice to Exeter College in 1863. 



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CHAPTER VIII. 

I.— Some Account of Thrup. 

This place is mentioned in Domesday under the name of Trop, no 
doubt a French form of the English word Thorpe. It was part of the 
lands of Roger d'lvry, and was held by the son of Wadard. Wadard 
was an officer of great importance in the Norman army, and held lands 
in six counties in England. He is portrayed in the Bayeux tapestry 
busy with the supplies for the troops. Before the Normans came 
Thrup belonged to Stigand the Archbishop, and was held by his man 
Leuui Whatever spiritual jurisdiction Stigand may have previously 
held here, notwithstanding, upon the readjustment of affairs after the 
Conquest, Thrup was annexed to Kidlington, and as part of the 
same parish they both depended upon the Abbey of Osney in all 
ecclesiastical matters. In the Great Charter of Robert d'Oiley we 
find that he gave to the Abbey < Et duas partes decimae de omni re 
quae decimari solet . . . et de Cudlinton, Thorpe, Wythull, Hensinton, 
and Northleya V 

In temporal affairs Thrup did not owe allegiance to the same lord 
with Kidlington until the fifteenth century, at which time they became 
united under Chaucer. At one period we are told that the village only 
consisted of five houses*, but the list of names in the Hundred Rolls 
and the foundations of buildings still existing in the fields show that 
it must have considerably decreased There seems to have beQ^ a 
divbion of the land in Thrup from very early times between the 
Abbey of Osney and the Honours of Wallingford and St. Wallery, 
both of which Honours were, at the date when the list in the Hundred 
Rolls was drawn up, in the hands of Richard, Earl of Cornwall, 
brother to the King. Ralph de Hareng was Steward to the Earl, 
and Halewisa de Hareng owned one yard land in Thrup, near 
Kidlington. 

^ Dngdale, vol. 6, pt i, p. 253. ' Dr. Symonds' MSS. 

I % 



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1 1 6 HISTOR Y OF KIDLINCTON. 

* Walcheline Hareng gave to the Abbey of Ensham 2 virgates of land in 
Horton, in exchange for 2 given by his mother Helevjue to the Abbey, one 
in Tbrop and the other m Woodeton */ 

~ ;t Mortem, Hen. Ill, vol. i, p. 42 : — 
\ de Haversham, Throp maner, Oxon. 



* Robert Freytwell released Godstow from suits of Courtward, 
ich they ought in regard of half a knight's Fee that they held of 
eytwell his father and of Sir John Browne in Karsington and 

. 'Sir Jordan of Aldswell Parson of Wydindon gave unto 
I his lands in Karsington and Thorpe, &c.' No date. 

i Jordan of Aldswell Parson of Wydindon released the house of 
;^30o which it was bound to pay him by obligation for lands 
n in Karsington and Thorpe.' a. d. 1272. 
by the Grace of God King of Romans alway Emperor (? Semper 
:onfirmed to Godstow the gift and selling which Jordan Aldswell 
of lands in Karsington and Thorpe. .Dated at Beckley 22nd 
year of our reign V 



•dl:— 

r de Leukenore and John de Metingham were appointed to take, 
f novel disseizen arraigned by Matilda, late wife of William Fuk', 
a Fitz Fulk and others concerning a tenement in Thrup '.' 
le case was again brought up for trial four years later*. 



;t Mortem, 21 Edward I, vol. i, p. 118 : — 
Frankeleyne — Wodestoke 2 burgarii; Throp una virgat' et 
le.' 

jt Mortem, 28 Edward I, vol. i, p. 162 : — 

)nging to St. Walery. • Thorp juxta Cudlington 2 partes feod.' 



rt Mortem, 34 Edward I, vol. i, p. 206 : — 

de la Plaunche et Matilda uxor ejus Haversham, Bucks .... 
irgat' cum 60 acres terrae; 5 ac' prati et is* 2^ redd, de St 

mor.' 

•d n :— 

le Mymmes finen fecit cum R per decem libros pro licencia 

ipse et Johanna uxor ejus de quibusdam terr* in Throp' et 

[ennet, p. 140. ' 44th Report of Dep. K. of Records, 

collection; for Godstow, p. 266. 

D, 18. * 48th Report, p. 187. 



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SOME ACCOUNT OF THRUP. 117 

CudelyntOD q &c feoffare possint Will de Newenton cappelanum et Will 
de Broughton cappellanum Hend^ &c.* Rot 21 ; Rotulonun Originalium, 
p. 230. 

Extract from the Hundred Rolls, vol. 2, p. 853. Throp. Honour 
of St. Walery:— 

* Freemen (LiVri). 

' Fulk le Frankelyn holds freely in the same honour i virgate of land and 
5 acres plough, and i cottage for 5", doing such service and royalties as per- 
tain to so much land. 

'John the Miller holds one mill with the third part of the fishing on 
the banks of the Cherwell which extends the whole length of the Field of 
Thrup. 

'John de Haversham holds a third part of the above-named town which 
is of the aforesaid honour, from John Brun and Richard de Fretwelle and 
the same John from the Earl of Cornwall, and from King, &c. 

' Nicholas Lilie from the same John, holds i virgate of land in villenage 
for 15* a year, working and redeeming his holding, &c. 

' Matilda Boveton, Matilda the widow of Ralph, Alice the widow of 
Sunon, Alice of Cogges, Juliana Smat, Agnes Testriz, all on the same 
terms as above. 

' Fulk Franklyne (Lib'i) holds from the same i virgate of land for 3 
shillings and 8<^, paying his court and doing service for all his serfs. 

' John the Miller holds 3^ part of one vu-gate and one mill on the same 
terms, and the same John holds in demesne 3 virgates except 5 acres 
of land.' 

Throp:— 

* Nicholas of Kingstone * holds the third part of the town of Thrup from 
John Brown of Norton which he has of the gift of the same John and the 
same John holds of the Earl of Cornwall and the same Earl holds of the 
King in capite of the Honour of St. Walery ; doing service at the court of 
North Oseney from three weeks to three weeks, and doing such royal 
service as pertains to the third part of a knight's fee — where the same 
Nicholas holds in demesne three virgates all but five acres of land with the 
adjacent pasture belonging to it' 

Serfs, 

* Adam the Palmer holds from the same Nicholas a virgate in villenage 
for 3/. a year, working and redeeming his children at the will of the same 
Nicholas. 

* Alice 'the relict of John, Thomas Young, Will Lorens, Laurence 
Fitz-Hugh, Robert Allwynne, Alice the widow of Simon, all hold under the 
same terms.' 

Coi/agers, 

' Matilda Freeman holds of the same one cottage in villenage, working 
and redeeming, &c., &c,* 

^ Probably Nicholas of Kingstone Bagpnze, Mayor of Oxford. 



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Ii8 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

Calendarium Inquisitiones ad quod damnum, 2 Edward III, p. 223:^ 
'Johanne de OIneye license to let 8 messuages, 3 tofts, 7 virgates, 7 
acres of meadow and 8* 7^ in rents, in Thorpe near Cudlington, the Manor 
of Haversham in Bucks and the Manor of Compton in Wilts/ 



Inq. Post Mortem, 12 Richard 11, vol. 3, p. no:— 

' Robertus Wyche parsona eccle' de Hemyngton pro Abbe et Conventu 

de Oseneye — Thorpe et Cudlynton — 6 mess' 6 virg* terrae, 6 ae prati et 

8» 8* redditus ut de Sancto WalericL* 

Inq. Post Mortem, 13 Richard II, vol. 3, p. 122 : — 
'Joh'es Frome de Buckingham pro Abb'e et conventu de Osenye, 
TTirop unum messuag* et due caruc' terr* — Cudelinton 40" reddit.' 

16 Richard II:— 

'John Frome of Buckingham appoints Tliomas Langport and Robert 
Purdy his attomies to deliver to the Abbot and Convent of Oseney, 
6 messuages, 6 virgates of land and 6 acres of meadow, together with i* 7<* 
annual rent in Thrupp.' Charter 440. 

16 Richard II:— 

' Indenture between John Bokeland Abbot and Robert Wych parson 
of Hymton, Salisbury Diocese, by which the Abbot and Convent grant to 
Robert Wych for the term of his life all their lands and tenements in 
Thrupp near Kidlington ; which they had of the gift of the said Robert, 
John Frome, and John Worton, paying at the Feast of the Nat of St John 
Baptist one rose. Charter 441 ^ 

Dated Osney, 8 Sep., 16 Richard II. 



Inq. Post Mortem, 22 Richard II, vol. 3, p. 255 : — 
* Throp maner* ut de honore de Wallingford.' 



The lands of the Earl of Cornwall after his death had been given 
by Edward II to his favourite, Gaveston, and upon his disgrace 
became the property of the Despencer family ; again, upon their fall, 
the Honour of Wallingford fell to the King, and after all these vicissi- 
tudes the Manor of Thrup came at last into more worthy hands. 
Richard II, when he came to his majority, conferred several manors 
upon Sir Richard Abberbury', who had been the guardian of his 
youth, in consideration of his having spent his patrimony upon the 
welfare of his royal charge. Amongst these were Donnington, in 
Berkshire, Iffley, and Thrup. In 1385 he founded an ahns-house or 
hospital at Donnington, and endowed it with two acres of land in that 

* Tmner and Coxe*s Cat., p. 37a. ' See Mai«hall*8 History of Mey. 



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SOME ACCOUNT OF THRUP. II9 

place, and with the whole Manor of Iffley, for which the King granted 
him letters patent. In 1388 he was expelled the Court by the discon- 
tented lords for his attachment to the King, and shortly after, in 1392, 
he laid the fomidation of the Priory of the Holy Trinity at Donnington ^ 
close by his hospital. This house he endowed with lands and houses 
in Throp (Kidlington) and Souldem. Upon the Inquisition taken 
after his death in 22 Richard II, eleven messuages, four acres, thir- 
teen virgates of land, and twenty-nine acres of meadow were assessed 
to the Priory of Donnington in the same parishes*. All the above 
property became Chaucer's' in the following reign, and the right of 
presentation to the hospital, Ac, descended to the Poles until their 
estates were finally confiscated in 1487. 

The Abbot of Osney was considered as joint lord of the Manor of 
Thrup*« In 13 Richard II, 1389, a Post Mortem Inquisition shows 
the Abbot to have held one messuage and two canicates of land in 
Thrup, paying forty shillings. In Henry VIII's reign Thrup joined 
with Hampton Gay was valued to the Abbot as *Firma maner,' 
£ 1 7 2s, od? At the dissolution of the monastery his tenant was Elfred 
Wayle. This was in all probability the land included later on in the 
grant of Elizabeth to Sir Wm. Petre, and by him made over to Exeter 
CoUege. 

We find no mention of Thrup under the Dukes of Suflfolk beyond 
the return in the Post Mortem Inquisition, 28 Henry VI •, where the 
Duke is stated to have held 

'Thrup Manor ... 8 messuages in Thrup, 18 virgates of land, 40 acres of 
meadow, and 100 acres of pasture.* Walyngford Honor* membr*. 

The nuns of Godstow owned two messuages in Thrup at the time 
of the suppression ; these, with some portion of land which was then 
in the hands of John Chamberlain^ were included in Petre's grants 

^ Tanner's Monasticon, under Don- * See p. 17. 

nington* p. 32. ' Valor £ccL, voL 2, p. 216. 

• ' Ricos. Abberbnry Chr pro priore • VoL 4, p. 343. 

de Donynton, Trop, Cndlington, et Sol- * See for Chamberlain p. 33 of this 

theme, 11 messang* et 13 virgat' terr* et History and for Petre*s grant, p. 35. 

39 acre pratL Thrope maner nt de ho- ' King granted to Leonard Chamber- 

nore de Wallingford ; Sultheme maner* layne of Shirbome, Esq., a messnage, 

Ricardes castell castnun.* P. M. Inq. &c., in Hampton Poyle, the whole 

23 Ric II, vol. 3, p. 355, Manor of Gaie, &c., in Thorpe, &c. 

' Chancer seems in his own right to Annals of Osney, Gongh Nicholls, 33, 

have had some interest in Donnington. in Bod. lib. 33 Henry VIII» i8ih 

Leland in his Itinerary says that they May. 
Originated in Donyngton. 



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lao HISTORY OF KIDUNGTON. 

Sir Wm. Petre sold or mortgaged a portion of land in Thrnp to Sir 
William Babbington for the yearly payment of £5 to Exeter College 
from his Manor of Kiddington. (Elizabeth Babbington was baptized 
at Kidlington 1588 ^) 

Immediately after this, Thrup must have become the property of 
the Brents, a family well known in Oxford and the neighbourhood 
during the seventeenth century, and who were to be found in- 
volved in the different religious and political movements of that 
restless age. The name first occurs in the Kidlington Register in 
1620, and continues until 1 731, at which period the manor had passed 
to the Langstones. Roger Brent, the last whose burial is recorded, 
lord of this manor, died in 1694. Another Roger, Fellow of Merton, 
was expelled the college in 1648 for taking the side of the King, and 
was subsequently readmitted, only to be finally dismissed for his dis- 
orderly and riotous living. During the Civil War, the Brents were 
ardent Royalists, their devotion to the King led to their ruin, and 
with numberless other families they were driven to compound for their 
estates before the Parliamentary Commissioners. 

•The delinquency of Roger Brent of Thrupp in co. Oxen, that he 
assigned the Forces against the Parliament. He petitioned the 20th April, 
1649, that he is seized of the Manor of Thrup and lands in Kidlington, 
Bagbrook, Eardington, and Godstow of the yearly value of during the life 
of Christian Chamberlain, his mother, ;^5 and after her death ;£ioo more. 

* That he is seized of the reversion in Fee during 2 lives of certain lands 
hi Thrup £1 8j. od, and after those lives of £9, Do. of certain small 
cottages m Fee, in Thrup, yearly £1 6s, Sd, 

* " Particular " of the Estate. In Fee of one Capital Messuage with the 
lands together with one decayed Water Mill — yearly value £so. Two 
farms and lands ;^55. Reversion of i^ yard land £1 8j. od. Some small 
tenements and commons £z 6j. Sd. 

< Yearly dues during the life of Christian Chamberlain relict of Robert 
Brent ;^ 1 00. 

* Item for 5 yeares arrears unpaid to the said Christian during the tyme 
the Garrison was held in Oxford, being but 3 miles distant from there, 
;^5oo. 

* (He mortgaged great part of the premises to John Kete and others for 
99 years and owed a debt of ;£3oo to Captain John Savage and ;£ioo to 
Mr. Langstone.) Principal due to Keate and others;^ 300. Arrears of the 
said mortgage ;^i2o. To John Langstone ;£2oo. 

* This is a true Particular of my estates for which I desire to compound 
for. And I doe affirme that I am noe member of Parliament nor Papist 

* See also History of Yamton. 



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SOME ACCOUNT OF THRUP, 



121 



nor belonging to the Law either Common or Givill nor comprised within 
any evidences of the propositions or Votes. — Roger Brent.' 

Endorsed : ' To the Hon. Commissioners for Composition — the humble 
Petition of Roger Brent of Thrup, sheweth that your Petitioner hath been 
lately sequestrated for his delinquency although he did lay down his arms 
in the year of Our Lord 1643 and confesseth that he was before that time 
in Armes against the Parliament for which he humbly prayeth a f^ivourable 
composition for his small estate. Referred to the Sub-Committee *.' 

This declaration only shows too plainly how the Thrup estate 
passed to the Langstones, well-known lawyers of the period, and 
who suflfered severely themselves in the King's cause *. The Lang- 
stones were a very numerous family who owned Caversfield, Sarsden, 
and Middle Aston. John Langstone, who settled at Caversfield, near 
Bicester, was the father of twenty-two children, whose effigies in brass 
may be still seen in the church there. The Register of Steeple Aston 
contains the following entry : — 

* Anthony Langstone dyed at Thrup in Kidlington parish and was buried 
here, April 6th, 169a.' 

The Langstones were succeeded by Pye, who sold the estate to 
Sir Francis Page, the Judge, upon whose death in 1741 his nephew by 
marriage succeeded '. According to a condition in Judge Page's will, 
his great nephew Francis, whose family name was Bourne, was to take 
the name of Page as a condition of holding the freeholds of Middle 



^ From Royalist Composition Papers, 
vol. 41, pp. 85, 88, 89, and series. Record 
Office. At the Manor House was an old 
portrait of Roger Brent, which was 
bought after Mr. Hutt's death by the 
Rev. Jenner Marshall of Westcot Barton. 

* See p. 65. Peter Langstone com- 
pounded nnder the Oxford Articles for 
delinquency, haying lived 18 years in 
Oxford, and become a Captain in the 
regiment of Auxiliaries during its tenure 
as a garrison for the King. He was 
fined at ^ £130 — Cal. of Committee, 
for Compounding, part a, p. 1565 ; also 
Anthony Langstone of Sedgbarrow, co. 
"Worcester, p. 1613. 

• Page, This should be 'his wife's 
nephew.' The relationship is as fol- 
lows: — 

Sir Francis Page -Frances Wheate 
of Gljrmpton. 

The nephew. Sir John Thomas 
"Wheate, in Holy Orders, succeeded 



eventually to the estate and title. 
Burke's Extinct Baronetage. 

Dr. Symonds' MSS., voL 3, p. 545, 
contains the following: — '1804. To 
be sold the reversionary estates in Wor- 
cestershire and Oxfordshire at Garra- 
way's Coffee House, May 30th, all 
the estate of the Rev. Sir John Thomas 
"\Mieate, Bart., aged 54, expectant on 
the death, without issue, of Richard 
Charlett, Esq., of the age of 73, and 
who is unmarried, of and in the several 
manors and farms situate in Middle 
Aston, Steeple Aston, North Aston, 
Steeple Barton, Thrup and "Wiggington 
in CO. of Oxford, and also every 3rd 
presentation to the "Vicarage of Steeple 
Barton. 

For what here refers to Page, Pye 
and Boume, I am indebted to Mr. 
Wing's little works upon Steeple Aston 
and Kidlington. 



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12a HISTORY OF KIDUNGTON. 

Aston, Steeple Barton, and Thrup, in the county of Oxford. Francis 
died unmarried in 1803, and was succeeded by his brother Richard 
Bourne, who was abeady known by the name of Charlett, of Ehnley 
Hall, Worcestershire, and Fellow of All Souls College. Upon his 
death the estate descended to his sister's son, William Sturges Bourne. 
This man was the author of an Act entitled ' Sturges Bourne's ' Act for 
regulating and defining the powers of vestries. The Enclosure Award 
was signed in 182 1 by Richard Bourne Charlett, who was recognised 
as lord of the manor. The manor was sold by this family about the 
year 181 9, and was advertised at the time as a 

' Farm at Thrup, house, &c, 315a. sr. a6p., tithe free, in occupation of 
Messrs. Hutt Rent £^qo V 

Exeter College was the purchaser, Mr. Joseph Hutt rented it until his 
death in 1890, when it let to Mr. Eagle. 

The old mill which is read of in Domesday continued to exist, 
though decayed, until the Oxford and Birmingham Canal was made 
in 1790. The Canal Company purchased the mill presumably from 
the Parish of Kidlington, though we have no accounts of the sale, 
and making use of its headwater to supply their canal during the 
remainder of its course. Here the canal leaves the valley of the 
Cherwell, and making a sharp angle, enters Oxford by the Thames 
valley. The last entry we find relating to Thrup Mill occurs in the 
Churchwardens' book for 1789, when the building was repaired at the 
expense of the parish. 

The beautiful roadside cross which still stands upon its original base, 
but without the head, is the only remains of antiquity left in Thrup. 
When Dr. Symonds, Rector of Ensham, compiled his MSS. the 
cross is said to have been perfect. The dimensions were : height, 
18 feet in the shaft; diameter, 10 inches; plinth, 2 feet 2 inches 
high; next step, 2 feet 8 inches; bottom, 4 feet 4 inches'. 

In 1754 Richard Roberts of Yamton, voted in right of lands and 
tenements in Thrup, occupied by himself. 

» Dr. Symonds' MS. • Ibid. 



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SOME ACCOUNT OF THRUP. 123 

PEDIGREE OF BRENT, 

From Wood MSS., F. 33. 

Anns taken from Plot's map in Nat History of Oxon. 



Gules, a wy veru ax^gent. 

John, snd son of Richard Brent, of the House of Cossington. 

ist son, Richard 

Roger, of Rowlrigfat Magna = Margaret, daughter of 
and Thmp manor, I Nich. Tol^, 

Kidlington, Oxon. I of co. Warwick. 

Robert, of Thmp =;f Christian 1. daughter of Ferdmando = . . . . Elizabeth. 

( Edward KeytwKeat j 

WiliianL Two daughters. 



Roger, of Thfua = . . . . Catherine, == Thomas Chamberlam. 

compounded for his bur. i6aa 

fatatffft 1649. 

The following notices of Brent occur in the 
Roister of Kidlington. 

Roger Brentj=p wife buried 1682 (?). She probably was 
Prancn Mayot, of Abingdon, 



buried in church, 
1694, aged S3. 



buried in the diurch. 



Roger, b«^ Rooert, died Robert, bap. 1648,= Katherine, bap. Christian, bap. 
1652. 1648. died 1731, I 1649. 16^, 

R.B.gent 

Roger, Mat at Pembroke CoH 1707, 

aged 17 ; M.A. 1714 ; Rector of 

St Aldate's, Oxford, 1743 (Foster's Alumni, Oxon). 



Roger Brent himself says that his mother was Christian Chamberlain. 



Nathaniel Brent, Warden of Merton, was first cousin to the first 
named Robert Brent above. 
Rawlinson, in B, gives the following : — 

* Here lyeth the body of Roger Brent, Lord of the Manor of Thrupp. 
He married Frances, dau. of Robert Mayott, Esq., and by her had two 
sons and one daughter. Died April 23, 1694, aged 53.' 



The following names of localities near Thmp may serve to identify 
places : — 

' Wheatington Field ' was the name of the rising ground west of the 
highroad, and ^Salt Street' furlong was part of it 'Salt Street' 
reminds us of the ancient days when salt was carried upon the backs 
of mules. ' Hogstye bushes ' is also named. 



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124 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

'Copton Field' lies towards Campsfield, and contained *The 
Slad,' * Burnt Cross/ * Long Sands/ * Walletmoor/ * Yatmoor/ * Irons' 
Gate.' 

The * Butts/ known as * Blencow's Butts/ were at the north-west 
end of the village, by the footpath going to Shipton. The word Butt 
was sometimes used for the ends and comers of lands. 

t Thrup, called upon the Ordnance map 
e people, and called in the parish books, 
a family of the name of Pady in Oxford, 
ington as to the origin of the name given 
g field. 



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CHAPTER IX. 

Township of Gosford or Gosworth. 

GosFORD IS a hamlet of Kidlington lying to the east of the village, 
extending from the bridge over the Cherwell on the north to Strat- 
field Lane *, where the railway crosses the road on the south. Upon 
the east lies Water Eaton Lane, and on the west the highroad to 
Oxford. The township covers about 255 acres. The name seems to 
refer to the number of geese reared upon the Common, and the large 
meadow below the bridge is still known as Goosey Mead. The name 
is frequently spelt Gosforth, and called by the country folk Gozzard. 

Gosford formed part of the domain of Robert d'Oiley, who gave 
land here, which was confirmed by his son Henry, to a community of 
Sisters of St. John of Jerusalem. The nuns did not long continue 
to reside here, they removed in 11 80 to Buckland in Somersetshire. 
After their departure the house appears to have been carried on by 
the Knights of the ' Hospital,' and they built a chapel or oratory 
here in 1234. 

There seems to have arisen some confusion between the Knights 
of St. John and the Templars. Anthony k Wood says, speaking of the 
Priory of St: Frideswide, * In St. Frideswide's book I find that they 
had land at Gosford three miles distant from Oxford, some of which 
they let or sold to the Templars Knights who had a chapel or oratory 
there with some lodgings'.' 

It is said that the house at Gosford was used as a Court house, 
where the Preceptor of Sandford usually held his Courts and sum- 
moned his tenants of Woodstock, Coombe, and various estates in the 
neighbourhood to do suit and service \ There does not seem to be 

^ For Stratfield Lane see history of of Hampton was given to the Templars 

Yamton. by Rainald and Robert de Gaie. Wood, 

' Diaries of A Wood. Edited by 10, p. 109. There seems to have arisen 

Clark, p. 286. some confusion between Hampton ad 

' Dr. Symonds' MSS, The Manor Pontem and Gosford. 



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126 HISTORY OF KIDUNGTON. 

any reason to suppose that the Templars ever held this house ; it is 
mentioned as the 'Hospital' of Gosford in the Osney Chartulaiy 
which was written about the year 1270, before the suppression of the 
Templars, and there we find a 'composition' between the Convent of 
Osney and the ' Hospital of St. John ' relating to the chapel at Gosford ^ 
Anyhow the whole lands of the Templars came into the possession of 
the Hospitallers about the year 1323 and the Gosford house was 
carried on as heretofore. We read of one, William Fitzjohn, of Barton 
Parva, coming twice a year to pay his rent at Gosford for a virgate of 
land which he held of the Master of the Hospital 
Hundred Rolls for Parva Barton, vol. 2, page 853 : — 

*Will Fitzjohn holds one virgate of the Master of the Hospitallers of 
Jerusalem for 4/. and goes twice a year to Goseford, the same virgate used 
to be taxed to the Hundred of Wotton and used to yield for hydage 6d. 
and wardsilver and hevesilver to the Lord the King and used to pay at the 
two great courts of Wotton and has been withdrawn by the said Master by 
whose warrant we know not.' 

Hundred Rolls for Herdewyk, vol. 2, p. 838 : — 

' Robert the Nyweman holds i virgate of land of the Hospital of Goseford 
for 4J. and owes his suit to the said Hospital.' 

The fishing in the river must have been of some value to the house, 
and the name of the last Prior, Thomas Dowcra, seems to be preserved 
in Dowckra's weir near the Mill \ 

Pike firom the Gosford * Piscary ' were sold at a high price in 1315 ; 
two were sold at i^. ^\d, each, and in 1326 twenty-six Pickerall 
brought 1 5^. id, at Bicester '. The Abbot of Osney was joint lord of 
this Manor* and paid to the Hospital an annual sum out of Water 
Eaton. 

The estate of the Knights was divided at the general dissolution of 
religious houses between Anthony Stringer and John Williams. 

A Deed, dated 6th March, 1649, setting out the particulars of many 
manors in Oxfordshire, which were then ordered to be sold, is en- 
titled :— 

* A Particular made by Act of Parliament for selling of all Fee Farm 

* For which see Appendix. says, • . . . grants to Martin ... the whole 

* See p. 50. of bis land in Gosford near Kidlington, 
» Prot T. Rogers, Agricultural paying annually for the same Sx.' Oxford 

Prices, vol. a, p. 554. Charters. Turner and Coxe*s Catalogue 

* See pp. 17 and 105. A mutilated of MSS., p. 327. 
baiter, 356, belonging to Osney Abbey 



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TOWNSHIP OF GOSFORD. 127 

rents and drie rents belonging to the Commonwealth of England formerly 
payable to the Grown of England \* 

In this we find 

'rents or tenths reserved issuing out of the Manor of Gosford with Appur- 
tenances granted to Sir John Williams, Knt., and Anthony Stringer, Gent., 
their heirs and assigns for ever, 2\^ Feby. 34*^* Hen. 8, sometime in the 
tenure of Owen Wootten granted or late in the tenure of Bennet Hall, 
Esq™, rendering annually xxj" i^ ob.* 

*The Manor of Gosford, Oxon — Su* John Williams and Anthony 
Stringer 

rent reserved i6» ijd 
Grantee of land (Col.) Martin V 

When the Deed for the endowment of the Vicarage of Kidlington 
was agreed upon, the tithes of Gosford appear to have been set aside 
for the endowment of the Vicar, as it is stipulated that he is to have 
the tithes of all the newly-enclosed * Closes,' some of which must have 
been in Gosford, and in 1622 we find that Dr. John Prideaux, Rector, 
especially reserved to himself the tithes of Gosford' in his lease of the 
Vicarage. 

Gosford and Thrup were included in the general enclosure of Kid- 
lington Parish. 

In the Register of St. Mary the Virgin in Oxford occurs amongst 
the burials : — 

* James Long ^ was taken out of the water at the bridge of Goserd and 
was buried in the church of All Saints' si Sept, 1608.' 

He seems to have been in some encounter with thieves, either killed 
by them or else he drowned himself; left doubtful. 

1786. * Mr. Wyatt farmer of Water Eaton, was robbed near the guide 
post in Hampton Field leading from Gosford road to Bicester, by 3 foot- 
pads. They covered his eyes and mouth and took 19J '.' 

In 1804, when the Vicarial Glebe and tithes were in the hands of 
Jonathan Rouse, the Gosford tithes were valued at £69 9^. 6d. A 
law-suit was terminated in 1820, the object of which was the apportion- 
ment of the tithes between the Vicar and the College as Rector. The 
suit was given in favour of the College with arrears and costs to the 

> Fee Farm Rents, Roll 34, Recoxd * See p. 39. 

Office. * Wood MS., D. 5. 

* Fee Fann Rents, M. i, Martin 19. ' Newspaper Scraps. Cough, Add. 
Cotinterpart of deeds. Record Office. Oxon, 4«. 49. 



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128 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

amount of £880 6^. *jd. The tithes of Gosford were finally com- 
muted in 1832 ^ 

At the time when the tithe map was drawn out, 1 850, the farm-house 
with land in Gosford bordering upon the Bicester road was in the posses- 
sion of St Peter's-in-the-East ^ in Oxford, and a field known as ' Louse 
Hall field ' is put down as belonging to St. Clement's Ahns-houses in 
Oxford. Can this name have any reference to an old tenement of 
the same name which once stood at the bottom of the London 
road in St. Clement's ^ ? 

The following extracts may serve to explain this supposed connec- 
tion: — 

Calendar of State Papers, Domestic, 1581 to 1590, page 114 : — 

*July 4th. Indenture of sale between William Stone and Will Frere of 
the third part of a messuage in Gossarde, alias Gosford, co. Oxon, late in 
the occupation of Thomas Stevenson*' 

Report of Commissioners of Charities, a.d. 18 15 to 1839; copy in 
Bodl. Libr., page 552 : — 

* Kidlington. Stone's Hospital in St Clement's. 

* A Deed dated ist Feby., 1699, by which Stephen Fry on the ist part, 
William Painter and others on the 2nd part (the three Visitors of the 
Hospital) and the Bretheren and Sisters on the 3rd part, purchased the 
lands as below — .... also a close of pasture called Bachelor's Ground, or 
the little Cow close containing about 14 acres, in Kidlington, in trust, &c.' 

The field and house in Gosford known as * Louse Hall' seems to 
have been the property of the parish of Kidlington, and was used by 
the parish for the poor, and was constantly referred to by the Overseers. 
In 1795 the Overseer's accounts contain a memorandum that Thomas 
Smith entered into possession of * Louse Hall ' at the rent of lar. a 
year, his descendants still have it in their hands. In the Register we 
find the 'Widdowe West of Loose-hall was buried November 3rd, 
1658.' 

Louse Hall field was let in recent years to Mr. Standen, of the Star 
Inn, now the Clarendon in Oxford. He under-let it to NichoUs of 
the Mill, who paid the rent in eels which supplied the ' Star.' 

It is recorded in a State Paper detailing the events of the imprison- 
ment of Princess, afterwards Queen, Elizabeth, that on May 23rd, 
1 654 J she came from the Tower of London * by Whatley, Islyppe, and 

* Reg. of Exeter College. Boase. 

* St Peter^s as beloDging to Merton College. 
» Peshall's Wood, p. 287. 



L 



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MERTON COLLEGE PROPERTY, 129 

Gosworth, from whence she passed straight to Woodstock *,' conse- 
quently she must have gone through Kidlington. 

The account of the skirmish here has been given at length at 
page 68. 



Property of Merton College. 



At the Enclosure of Kidlington two pieces of land were apportioned 
to Merton College, marked upon the map 301 and 306. These seem 
to have formed part of Canaham Meadow, the farm-house belonging 
to the College probably marks the site of the buildings of the Knights 
Hospitallers, as we may infer from the tradition of the chapel attached 
to one of the outbuildings, and by the remains of old fish-ponds in 
the opposite Close. By the kindness and courtesy of the Warden of 
Merton, and the Vicar of St. Peter's-in-the-East, a few particulars may 
be stated. There do not appear to be any title-deeds to show how 
the property came to the College. The farm was apportioned equally 
between the Benefices of St Peter's and Holywell, and is spoken of in 
a Terrier* of the land of St. Peter's as a * farm assigned to ' (by ?) * the 
College to meet (as I conceive) a Benefaction from Queen Anne's 
Bounty at the time of the enclosm-e of Kidlington Common.' The 
joint Vicars sold the farm in June 1870 to the Duke of Marlborough 
for £2130. The tithe was commuted for a rent charge of £7 7^. 3</., 
two acres being given for the purpose. In 1789 ten acres were pur- 
chased, of which two were taken in 181 1 for the Kidlington Tithe. 

* Marshall's Woodstock, p. 153. who was instituted Vicar of St. Peter's 

' Drawn up by Bishop Hobhonse, in 1843. 



K 



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CHAPTER X. 

I.— Smiths of Kidlington. 

\ of Smith of Kidlington call for some explanation to 
iderstand their position in the parish. We find three 
I the name, but each bearing a different armorial coat, 
yring positions of respectability and of influence in the 
s these, there was Smith of Islip, who, at the time when 
led his map, was in the position of Lord of the Manor, 
continually arises, are all these families from the same 
we can say for certain is as follows : — 
- of interest to watch the influence which is brought to 
1 events upon private families, and in this case we see 
nastic change wrought upon a private family and trans- 
om one part of the kingdom to another, 
ttle of Stoke, Thomas Stanley, a staunch supporter of 
•llowed the King from Lancashire, and in his train 
William Smith. This young man was one of an old 
b, who for many generations had been established at 
was a portion of the vast estates belonging to Jervaulx 
m Smith got his education in Oxford, and having 
actical ability in business was promoted by his patron's 
one post of utility to another until he was called to fill 
5ee of Lincobi. Hence it is easy to imderstand how 
fUowed his fortunes, and of three brothers one settled 
i and two became the heads of families in Oxford. 
Richard, by his son Thomas and his two wives, sprang 
of St Aldate's Parish. He followed the business of a 
s several times made Mayor of the City. We read in 
ds the terms of the lease of his house without the 



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SMITHS OF KIDLINGTON. 131 

south gate, and how it was bombarded during the civil wars. No 
doubt his business was carried on in Brewer Street The second 
brother, Thomas, was baker and cook of Christ Church. He also 
married twice, and by his second wife, Ann West, he became the 
father of John, M.A. of Christ Church, father by his wife, Magdalen 
Holloway of Kidlington, of Lady Morton. 

These people all bore the arms of the Bishop, with some slight 
difference, viz., * a chevron between three roses/ The Smiths of Islip 
bore 'a bend between two unicorns' heads.' This same coat be- 
longed to Will. Smith of Rossdale in the North Riding of Yorkshire, 
and from him it was borne by many families in Ireland, and also 
by Dr. Joseph Smith of Kidlington. This may simply be a co- 
incidence, but we know Dr. Joseph Smith to have been of the York- 
shire family; he quartered the arms of Smith of Ryhope, co. Durham, 
a tower upon a mount, from a marriage with an heiress. Of the 
Smiths of Farmington, in Gloucestershire, and who rented the 
Rectory House, we learn that as far back as circa 1570 Humphrey 
Smith was Rector of Castle Eaton in Wilts, he presented William Smith 
to the Rectory of Alvescote in Oxon. The son of William Smith, 
Humphrey, became Rector of Farmington, co. Gloucester, it was he 
who bought the Manor of Ham Hill in the same county in 1660 
from Thomas Aubrey. He died in 1687, being buried in his own 
church at Farmington beneath a slab bearing the arms 'parted per 
pale, ermine and erminois, an eagle displayed sable \' Mr. Thomas 
Smith of Headington Hill, who is buried in the church with ten of his 
children, was one of this family, and his son or his executor sold the 
Harn Hill estate in 1787 to Richard Watts of Wootten Basset, 
Wilts. The last of this branch of the family. Miss Elizabeth Smith, 
died in 1825 at Headington Rise, and was buried at Kidlington. She 
left all her ready money away from the Smiths, considering that her 
cousin had not contracted a suitable marriage. Eventually Mr. John 
Smith of Iffley came in for a portion of the property, viz., three farms 
in Kidlington, one at Littlemore, one at Headington, one at Rose Hill 
and one at Tusmore near Bicester *. 

* See page 89. Mr. Herbert Morrell. It was once 

' This account is compiled from the known as *• Squab Hall.* Miss Smith 

various sources already quoted and from hdd several family portraits which she 

Miss Smith's information. She died at bequeathed to her niece Mrs. Chapman 

Summertown in 1886. The house at of Wood Eaton. Also a coat of arms 

Headington Rise, belonging to Mr. framed, viz. * Parted per pale, ist, sable, 

Thomas Smith, is now the property of three oval buckles fessewise argent ; 2nd, 

K % 



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13a HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

From this it appears clear that the Smiths of Hampden Manor, of 
the Rectory Farm and the Provost of Queen's College were three 
distinct families. The Smiths of Iffley were a branch of Farmington. 



II.— Family of Almont of Kidlington. 

This family were the descendants of James and Ursula Almont^ 
who dwelt in Haberdasher's Hall, an old tenement in Oxford, now 
included in the site of Brasenose College, and there they carried on 
the business of tailors and drapers. The first of the name in Kid- 
lington was Thomas, a tailor in Oxford, who rented under Brasenose 
College in 1571. Then* house seems to have been that now known 
as Grove House in Church End, and this we may fairly assert from 
evidence in the will of Sir Will. Morton and also in Roger Almont's 
will, where the land set apart for the Alms-houses and for the school 
pension is in both cases said to be adjoining to Almont's house. 

Several members of the family are mentioned in the Register, but 
it is impossible to connect them all. Roger Almont, who bequeathed 
the school money, was a Fellow of Trinity College, where he is 
buried. Heame, in his Diary, speaks thus of him : — 

* Roger Almont had been twice returned with Mr. Dobson, to the 
Visitor the Bishop of Winchester, for him to choose one of them as 
President ... he had led such an obscure life for a great many years in 
the college that *tis a bard matter to know his true character ; yet it may 
be observed that when he was a Tutor be notoriously neglected his duty. 
Dr. Bathurst was so sensible of this that he made him his Curate at 
Garsington to oblige him to leave off pupils V 

The amount of his benefaction to the school will be found under 
the head of Charides. His brother, James Almont, was public 
notary, and steward to Magdalen College'. His name as such 
occurs frequently in the disputes between that college and the King. 
He was biuied in Kidlington in 1725, aged 72. Another Roger 
married Anne Welshman, who by her second marriage with Captain 
William Pudsey became the mother of Mrs. Sydenhant Elizabeth 

argent, a chevron between three hedge- * Hcame's Diary, Oxford Historical 

hogs sable.* These are Marten of Society, vol. i. pp. 141 and 153. 

Rousham and Harris. This might serve ' Reg.ofMagd. Coll., Bloxam. Also 

to identify some connection. Magd. Coll. and James 2nd, Oxford 

» Tumer*5 Records of City of Oxford. Hist. Soc, 1886. 



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FAMILY OF ALMONT. 



133 



Almont married William Austin, and eventually the property was sold 
and part bought by the Rev. John Austin and part, including the 
house, by Thomas Pulley, a farmer \ 



PEDIGREE OF ALMONT OR ALMONDE OF KIDLINGTON. 

This pedigree drawn from the Register and tombstones at Kidlington, supplemented by 
extracts from Magdalen College R^^er, by Bloxam. 

Thomas Almont rented a boose in Kidlington fix>m Brasenose CoU^ne in 1571. 
Roger Almontf Gent^ buried at Kidlington, 1640. 



Roger, 
died 1621. 



Daniel, matnc. at 
Lincoln ColL 
25 Nov^ 1631, 
i^;ed ao, BwA. 
38 Jan., 163}, 

M.A.i50ct.,i636^ 
died 1649. 

(Fo8ter*8 AlunmL) 



Edward, Gent. =p Anne, bnried 



boried at Kid- 
lington. 1678, 
aged 71. 



at Kidlin] 
1699, 



dlington, 
aged 75. 



Alice, bap. 

aft KidKngtoo, 

1647. 



Robert bap. at Kidlin|r. 

ton, 165a Matric Trinity 

Coll. llay, 1666, aged 14 

(Filius Plcbs), Demy of 

Magdalen, 1668, M: A 

16721 B. D. 1683, Vice- 

President, 1089. 

Rector of Appleton, 

Berks, and buned there 

in 1709 (vide Reg. Mag. 

ColL). 



Roger, boried in Trin- 
ity College Chapel, 

i7io.age<r67. Fellow 
of that College; left 

money to Kidlington ; 

Batteler of Exeter 

College. 



James, bap. at Kidlington, 

1653, buried there, 1725. 

Public Notary and Steward 

of Mag.CoU. (vide College 

Register). He bequeathed 

his estates in Kidlingfton to his 

twogrand-daughters Dodwell. 

They were related to the 

Austins, and both these 

families also held land in 

Souldem. Deeds in office of 

F. Morrell, Esq., Oxford. 



Benjamin and Thomas, 

boried at Kidlington, 

1656 and 1662. 



Rebecca Almont = James Newland, 
both of Oxford, married at Kidlington, 1711 
She is boried there with her grandmother (?] 



Mr. Roger Almont = Anne Welshman, of Brackley, = William Ptadsey (and hosbandX 
boried at Kidlington, 1757, boried at Kidlhigton, 1729. 

aged 61. See Podaey Fed. 



Elisabeth Almont, =p — Aostin, Esq., 
boried at Kidlington, boried at Kidlington, 
1794, aged 4& 1783, aged 41. 



William Almont Austin, 

boried at Kidlington, 1801, 

aged aa 



Rev. 



'. John 



Aostin (?). 



Two danghters. 



' Old land assessment papers for 
1807 in the County Office, Oxford. 
* Mr.Pulley for part of late Mrs. Austin's/ 
In the award map Anne Pulley, widow, 
is put down as owning and occupying 
Grove House. It was subsequently the 



property of Henry. Smith, Mr. Parker, 
Mr. W. Brain, and in 1877 was bought 
from the last-named by Bryan John 
Stapleton, one of the family of Carlton 
Hall, Selby, Yorks. 



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134 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

The Rev. Jolin Austin bought some of Almont's land. Some 
was bought by Pulley, a farmer. 

In Wood, F 33, are two lists of gentry in Oxfordshire who were 
sworn for the King, no date ; Roger Almond, of Kidlington, * gende- 
man/ and Robert Fitzharbert, of Begbrook, * armiger,' appear in both. 



PEDIGREE OF MAYE AND MANN OF KIDLINGTON. 
CoropUed from Uie R^iter and the tombstones in the church. 
Robert Maye =p 



died 1597. 
(Kidlington R^. 



T 

^^ T^L^ J! 1 -it. 



Robert zp Martin. 



Athalia Robertson, = John, died 1673, Robert, = Anne, died 

died 1688, aged 96. I aged 8a bom 1596^ 1623. 

' died 1644. 



Jctfin. Alice, Richard, bap. Martin, Elizabeth 

bap. 1637. bap. 1636. and died 1640. died 1633. died 1634. 

Martin May, fTent. =: Margaret, widow of Rev. C. Spaii&es, 
He rented the MilL i and sister to Bfary Bateman, 
Died 1707, aged 69. I died 1716, aged 89. 

Probably a daughter who married qp Mann. 



Francis Martin May Mann = Harriet Tyrrell, daughter and heiress of 
Sir Thomas Tyrrell, Bart., of Hanslope, 
CO. Bucks (see Burke's Ex. Baronetage). 



T 



Capt Joseph Meed, == Harriet. Christabella, 

mar. at Kidlington, | died an infant, 1736. 

"750- 



T 



Admiral Chambers = Christabella. 
. . . Harris = a daughter. 

Appended to the lease of the Mill at Kidlington, in the archives of 
Exeter College, is a seal bearing * ermine two chevronels/ This is 
the same coat as borne by Finmore of Hincksey; possibly it may 
have been used here by Finmore of Kidlington as witness to this 
Deed, 

From the Registers of Kidlington : — 

* Robert May the Elder died 1597. 
Robert May baptised 1596. 
Ann, wife of Robert May, died 1622. 
Robert May died 164!. 
Thomas Turner and Anne May married 159S. 



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CHARITIES BEQUEATHED TO KIDLINGTON. 135 

John Tesler and Elizabeth May married 161 2. 
John May and Athaliah Robertson married 1622. 
John, son of John May, baptised 1627. 
Alice, dau. do. baptised 1636. 

Richard, son of do. baptised 1640. 
Martin, son of do. buried 1633. 
Elizabeth, dau. of do. buried 1634. 
Richard, son of do. buried 1640. 
John May buried 1673. 
Athaliah May (his wife) buried 1688 aged 96.' 

From the Chancery Deed referred to at page 63 we learn that 
Robert May who executed that Deed had two sons, Robert and 
Martin ; and to Martin, the second son, he left his property. 

The family appear to have been of importance in the village, and 
their house was one of the manor houses, rebuilt by the Duke of 
Marlborough and now occupied by Mr. George Woodford. 



III.— Charities bequeathed to Kidlington from the 
Sixteenth Century. 

During the reign of Queen Elizabeth 

*A benefaction was left by Edward GladweU to be lent to four poor 
men every year gratis : now in possession of the present Churchwardens 
and to be delivered from C. W. to G. W. ; the sum of 20/.* ' 

In the year 1756 the above sum was in the hands of John Morris, 
Richard Bradford, John Dod, and Will. Dod. What became of this 
benefaction is related at page 52, and for further notice of Edward 
(or Edmund) Gladwell, or Gledhill, see page 76. 



'In 1633, in the will of Thomas Kent proved in the same year at 
Oxford, there appears to be given sixpence a year to be distributed to six 
poor widows by the Churchwardens, upon every New Year's Day, from the 
estates where Mr. Combes and George Bradford live'd, and now in the 
possession of Mr. Hindes of Woodstock *.' 

This charity has been lost. From examination of all the available 
papers it would appear that this portion of Kent's land is what lies 

* This from Registry, in hand- writing of Rev. E. Field. 



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136 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

between the Bury Moor Road and the church. Madam Conant 
seems to have held another part, from her first husband, Henry 
Streete*, 



1634. ' Five shillings was charged upon a cottage belonging to John 
Ayres for the reparation and amendment of a way or " Cassey " leading to 
the Parish Church'.' 



* Given and allowed out of the Vicaridge 3 quarters of beef, \ a quarter 
or 4 bushels of Wheate, and \ a quarter of Mault out of the Parsonage for 
the providing of a breakfast on Christmas Day in the morning, to be 
dressed and disposed of and spent att the Vicaridge House yeerely amongst 
the Parishioners of Kidlington. 

' A quarter or 8 bushells of wheate allowed out of the Parsonage and 
delivered to the Churchwardens to make cakes to be given and distributed 
duely every yeare amongst the Inhabitants of the said Parish of Kidlington 
at the parish Church at Easter*.' 

In course of years this custom appears to have been discontinued 
as among a collection of Churchwarden's presentations, covering 
many years, the following appears : — 

* 14 June, 181 3. The Easter Cake is not given away by the Parsonage 
Farm as it used to be.' * ai Oct., 181 3. That the Easter Cake to be dis- 
tributed annually has not yet been given, but the Rector promises it shall 
be done *.' 

This is the single complaint laid before the Archdeacon. Happy 
the community that has no history 1 The appeal seems to have been 
in vain. 

The origin of the cake may have been the Easter alms given by the 
Abbot of Osney to the poor of Kidlmgton, see page 33. 



1673. The Alms-houses founded for six poor persons by Sir Will. 
Morton and endowed with £13 6s, Sd, paid out of land bought by 
him from Griffin Irons, near the church ; now in possession of the 
Duke of Marlborough. The following extract from Judge Morton's 
will is from the Register. 

* See purchase by Brasenose College, * Turner, Coll. Oxon. Terriers, vol. 2, 
p. 75. See also Saunders' Charity and p. 329, Archidiaconal Papers. 
Madam Conant *s. ' u. s. vol. 13, p. 130, C. 54. 



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CHARITIES BEQUEATHED TO KIDLINGTON. 137 

* Whereas I have built and erected an Hospital at Kidlington for the 
habitation of three poor men and three poor women that are impotent, 
decrepit, and whose work is done and in remembrance of my said dearly 
beloved wife and my dear and dutiful children John Morton, George, 
William, Anne and Magdalen Morton deceased, which I had by her, &c., 
to be chosen from the parish of Kidlington or from St. Aldate's alias 
St. Toll's in Oxford being the parish where I first saw and married my 
said wife and where some of my said children were bom, &c. . . . the 
appointment to be made by my heirs or in default by the Bishop of the 
Diocese. 

' The house to be built upon the land I purchased of Mr. Almont in 
Kidlington, and the money twenty marks yearly to be paid upon the land 
purchased from Griffin Irons, Yeoman. Two pounds of which to be yearly 
paid to each of the Alms-folk and the remainder to go towards the repairs 
of the buildings and any overplus to be spent upon clothing for the people. 
Conditions : " Orderly life and attendance at church." 

* Item, I give to my son James Morton and his heirs, Ac, my Manor of 
Hampden called Hampden's Manor lying in the parish of Kidlington alias 
Cudlington with all rights, Ac, which I have redeemed from mortgage 
being his mother's inheritance, or have bought in, taken, or purchased in 
my own name or in the name of my worthy son-in-law Thomas Toumeur 
of Gray's Inn, Esq., Richard Holloway, Esq., or anj^ other persons, &c,, 
chargeable nevertheless with the rent of 30 marks to the Hospital' 

The will proved in London before Robert Wiseman, Surrogate. 
Dated 26 March, 1672. 

The *Bam close,' from which the money is paid, is marked 163 
on the plan. This estate was said to have been of the value of £36 
yearly *. 

1673. Messrs. John and Martin May gave ioj. each per annum 
to the poor, in bread, to be given upon All Saints' day. This is 
charged upon the land successively in possession of Forty and of 
Brown and Selwood; now belonging to the Duke of Marlborough, 
and rented by George Woodford. On the plan No. 158. 



1677. Mr. John Tustian, jimior, by will this year left 20J. a year 
for ever, viz. loj. for a sermon to be preached upon the 24th of April, 
and I Of. to be given in bread upon the same day. Security known 
as Tustian's ' or Posted Close, upon the map No. 90, now the property 
of Exeter College. 

' Same as Selwood's, now George College, left the reversion, after his 

Woodford's. sister's death of these fields, to found 

' For Tustian, see History of Yam- an Exhibition for poor Scholars. Reg. 

ton. Dr. Richards, Rector of Exeter Ex. Coll., Boase, p. 123. 



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138 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

1709. Mr. Roger Almont by will dated this year — 

* , . . Item, I give to the poor of Garsington in the said county of Oxford, 
five pounds, and to the poor of Magdalen parish in Oxford five pounds, 
and from my close in Kidlington aforesaid, near adjoining to my messuage 
being in Kidlington, both in the possession of Will Newell, with an annuity 
of the yearly payment of fifty shillings to be for ever after my decease 
paid into the hands of the overseers of the poor of Kidlington aforesaid 
free from any taxes or deductions whatsoever, at four quarterly payments 
in the year; that is to say on the Feast of the Annunciation of the Bd, V. 
M.; St. John Baptist; St. Michael the Archangel; and St. Thomas 
Apostle by even and equal portions : the first of these payments to be paid 
upon the feast next happening after my decease. And my will is that if 
any part of the said money shall be behind or unpaid thirty days after the 
said feasts then the overseers shall have power to enter upon the said close 
and receive the rents, &c., until such annuity and all charges shall be paid. 
And my will is that the overseers, &c., shall pay over the money to some 
honest understanding and good schoolmaster who shall, &c., teach two 
boys of Kidlington to read, write, and cast accounts, &c., which said boys 
shall be nominated by my cousin Smith, my brother James, the Ciu^te 
and Overseers of the poor of Kidlington after the decease of my said 
cousin and brother, by my own heirs who shall be owners of my estate in 
Kidlington and the succeeding College Tenants of the Parsonage and the 
Curate and Overseers for the time being for ever. And I will that the 
persons aforesaid shall from time to time have the ordering, direction, and 
government of my said charity ^.' 

The close mentioned in this will is now the property of Exeter 
College and four cottages stand upon it The Rev. John Austin 
purchased the land, probably upon Almont's death, and he allowed 
the above charge to be laid upon the cottages in consideration of the 
remittance of £75 of the purchase money. For fiu-ther notice see 
page 49 of this history. 

The £5 bequeathed to the poor of Kidlington was paid by James 
Almont, brother to Roger, in 17 11, namely the year after Roger's 
decease. It was distributed amongst fifty-six persons, the names 
being entered in the Churchwarden's book. The road in front of the 
cottages mentioned here was the site of a pond at the time of the 
Enclosure. 



I7n. Mr. William Plaistow of Stanton Harcourt in his will in the 
Registry of the Diocese of Oxford — 

' From Parish Register. 



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CHARITIES BEQUEATHED TO KIDLINGTON, 139 

* I give the poor children of Kidlington in co. Oxford ;£2o to be set to use ; 
the interest to be employed yearly to the setting poor children to school. 
1 do make Thomas Barefoot and Will Enstone Trustees of this my last 
will and Testament and desire them to take care the six score pounds for 
the five Towns be careftilly set forth, &c.' This from the Register with 
the note appended, * This money quite lost E. Field.' 

Half of this money seems to have been spent in building a gallery 
in the church for the singers in the time that Will. Dod was church- 
warden, about 1764, the rest was lost. For the account of the gallery 
see page 42 of this history. The following memorandum occurs in 
the Churchwarden's book, 1757: *Ten pounds of Mr. Plaistow's 
money in the hands of Mr. Dodd; ' followed, in 1762, by his promise 
to repay the same. 

A similar sum was left under this will to four other villages in 
Oxfordshire. 

No date, but Thomas Saunders was overseer in 1716. 

' Mr. Thomas Saunders gave 10/. a year in bread to be given every Good 
Friday to come from his estate in Church End. Security, a close known 
as Wyatt's Malt House Close.' On plan No. 184. 

The family of Saunders were settled in Kidlington from the reign 
of Henry VIII, when Robert Saunders rented the Rectory House 
from the Abbot of Osney. The above estate in Church End appears 
to have been owned by Francis Saunders as late as the beginning of 
this century. In the church their tombstones range from 1669 to 
1802, and the last appears to have been a brewer at Witney. An 
indenture dated 1647 is in the possession of the writer by which 
Christopher Saunders of his Majesty's Body Guard and Avis his wife 
mortgage to WoodhuU Streete of Kidlington their house and land. 
This is apparently the part of the estate left by Henry Streete to his 
widow, and which she charged with money for the poor. 

Christopher Saunders was son of Samuel, which Samuel was son of 
Ambrose Saimders who rented the Vicarage House. The terms of 
the mortgage are for £108 due from them to Woodhull Streete; in 
default of payment Woodhull Streete is to enter into possession for 
ninety-nine years upon the payment of the sum of £100 in hand and 
2s, yearly rent. See Kent's charity, also Madam Conant's. 



1717. Madam Conant, the widow of Henry Streete, left the 
following benefaction. She died 27th March this year. 



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I40 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

' Item, I give £6 15/. a year for ever to the Minister and Churchwardens 
for the time being of Kidlington ; to be paid to them out of my estate 
formerly rents in Kidlington; part of the which estate Nathaniel Faulkner 
now rents and the other part is now in the possession of Mr. Combes of 
the same Town for a term of years for a small quit rent ; to the several 
uses following. Three pounds thereof for three sermons to be preached 
in the Church of Kidlington in every year for ever to put the parishioners 
in mind of their unstability. One sermon on the 30th day of March being 
the day on which my first husband Mr. Henry Streete died and one on 
that day of the month on which it shall please God that my husband 
Dr. Conant shall depart this life, and the other sermon on that day when 
I shall depart. And the other three pounds thereof to be distributed in 
bread at the discretion of the Minister and Churchwardens to the poor of 
the Town of Kidlington ; that is to say 20J. on every of the three days 
aforesaid for ever ; and the 151. as a gift to the Clerk.* 

The three days are the 27th and 30th March, and 23rd August. The 
above account in the Register is preceded by a note signed by Rev. 
E. Field. 

* The following particulars are copied from a paper in the handwriting of 
one Leonard, many years ago chtu-ch warden. The paper is not considered 
to be authentic, but the particulars mentioned may be of use as a direction 
to those who are inclined to search into the circumstances.' 

An old paper similar to that mentioned by Mr. Field is still in the 
church chest, and m it Madam Conant calls the estate by the title of 
' The College,' and appoints that the money should be paid after the 
lease to William Smith and Nathaniel Faulkener shall expire. This 
land, or part of it, was what is now called Hester's Land, No. 160 on 
the plan. The name of ' The College ' may point to some old, 
forgotten establishment. See also Kent's and Saunders' charity. 



1739. Extract of the will of Isaac Shard, Knight, of Kennington, 
CO. Surrey, 30th April, 1729: — 

' Item, my will is that my son Abraham his heirs and executors shall 
yearly take care and lodge in some good hands three pounds yearly out of 
my real estate and pay to the church wardens or the overseers of the Poor 
of the Parish of Kidlington and their successors, that they may punctually 
give Twenty shillings in Bread on the nth day of May and also twenty 
shillings in Bread on the 4th day of November, to poor Housekeepers 
yearly, that receive no alms, and also loj. for a sermon to be preached on 
Michaelmas Day yearly being the day in the year 1655 I was baptised 
which will appear in the Registry Book of the said parish, and the other 
I or. for the churchwardens and their successors to take care that my 



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CHARITIES BEQUEATHED TO KIDLINGTON. 14T 

honoured Father and Mother's tomb may be maintained and preserved ; 
that no Corps or Corpses be buried in the said grave. And my desire is 
that my will be punctually observed and performed and upon omission or 
neglect or nonpayment the gift to cease if it be through the means of the 
churchwardens, overseers, or their successors.* 

This benefaction became first due at Christmas, 1740, and was 
paid by Mrs. Shard, of Torbay House, Devon, up to Christmas, 1819. 
She dying intestate, without any heir in England, all her personal 
property escheated to the Crown, and all the landed estate she had 
from her husband devolved to his lineal descendant, C. Shard, Esq., of 
Buckinghamshire. Both he and the Crown have refused to continue 
the payment of the benefaction. 

The name of Shard occurs in the Registry in 1633; also see 
Yamton Register. 

The above-mentioned tomb is an altar-shaped monument in the 
middle of the churchyard, opposite the little south door. 

*Sir Isaac Schard or Shard, grant of arms, 171 4. "Argent, a bend 
betwixt a bugle horn in chief sable, stringed and garnished or, in base a 
buck's head couped, proper, attired or. Crest — A lion passant, per pale or 
and sable, guttee, counterchanged, holding in right paw like bugle horn." 

*Sir Isaac was of Horsleydown, Southwark, and Citizen of London one 
of the Deputy Lieutenants for the said City. Knighted at Windsor Castle 
on presenting the address to the Queen i8th March, 1707. High Sheriff 
of Surrey 1707 ^* 

WiUiam Shard, of 

Oobn) Shard, of . •••=?= (Elizabeth) 

Sir Isaac Shard, of Horsleydown, 

died at Kennington, co. Surrey. 

22 Dec, 1739, aged 86. 



Abraham, a daaj^fater = . . . . Applebe, bratier of Snow Hilt, 

also knighted, died 
at Keonington, 1746. 

The address which gave occasion for Sir Isaac's knighthood was 
probably upon the same subject as the following, mentioned in the 
' Acts of Council' at Woodstock in 1708. It was moved that 

* An address to her Majesty to assist her against the Pretender and all 
his adherents upon the invasion of the pretended Prince of Wales *.' 

' Harleian Soc., vol. viii. Peter Le daughter of John Sharde, 1652. 

Neve's Pedigrees of Knights. In the " From Marshall's Woodstock, p. 

Parish R^. occur the births of Thomas, 266. 
son of Edward Sharde, 1633, and Mary, 



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142 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

The last donation is from John Morris, Esq., who left 5^. a year to 
be given in bread to the poor either on New Year's Day or the 24th 
April from an estate which subsequently belonged to John Jolly of 
Enstone, marked on the plan 75, and now the property of the Wrens. 
This notice is from the Charity Commissioners' Report, 1844. 
There is some confusion in the Churchwardens' book between this 
charity and Saunders', and the names and dates are interchanged. 
John Morris was Churchwarden in 1756. Jolly rented the bake- 
house from Brasenose College. See page 76. 

A locality near Enstone was called after Mr. John Jolly. 

* Mr. John Jolly in consequence of the number of ricks he was accus- 
tomed to raise upon one spot, gave occasion for its name of "Jolly's Ricks." 
He was one of the largest proprietors of stage coaches and waggons ^.' 

* Jordan's History of Enstone, pp. 376 and 379. 



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CHAPTER XI. 

I.— A Key to the Tombstones and Epitaphs in 
THE Church. 

In the South Transept. 

Near the little door, are several flat stones to the memory of the 
families of May and Mann, Philips and Newman. The first in date is 

'John May who dyed the 9**^ day of March, 1673, about the 8o*J> year 
of his age \* 

This is not now existing, but the following is still in place : — 

* Here lyeth the body of Athaliah May, wife of John May adjacent, who 
dyed y® s^ day of April, 1688, aged about 96 years.' 

Close by is the grave of their son or grandson : — 

* D. O. M. Hie jacet Martinus May Generosus de Kidllngton in Com. 
Oxon qui obiit, 7 Dec*>, 1707, Aetat. 69.* 

His wife has a memorial tablet afiSxed to the north wall of the chancel 
(according to Rawlinson on the south wall) : — 

* In memory of Margaret May, widdow, who was first wife of Mr. Charles 
Sparkes and afterwards wife of Mr. Martin May, who died June the a and, 
1716, aged 89. This small monument was erected by Mrs. Mary Bateman, 
her sister.* 

Of her first husband we read of the following epitaph, probably in the 
choir : — 

*Hic jacet Carolus Sparkes S. Th. Bacch. Coll. Trinitatis, Oxon, 
quondam sodus in spe felicis resurectionis, obiit Dec*> 6***, 1687, aet. LVi.* 

Close to the above-mentioned little door and next to Martin May, 

* Here lyeth the bodyof Christabella the daughter of Francis and Hariot 
MaU) she died an Infant 27^ of Sept. 1726.' 

* Rawlinson, B 400 F. 



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144 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON, 

Francis Martin May Man succeeded Martin May in the property, 
and in all probability was his grandson. He married Hariet Tyrrell, 
the heiress of Sir T. Tyrrell, of Hanslope, co. Bucks. Over the little 
door is a tablet siumounted by a coat of arms, viz., * vert, a fesse 
argent charged with three ** ogresses " between three goats passant.' 
Crest, a goat's head. 

' In memoriam Guil. Man qui die Jan 5, 17 18 anno Christi, aetatis 2i°><' 
obiit. Hoc marmor unicum sui amoris indicium quod vel voluit vel posuit 
dat frater maerens P. 17a i.' 

William Man lies buried under the slab in the comer with the date of 
his death, 5th January, 17 18; also Mary Man, who died April, 1739, 
aged seventy-four. Upon the same stone with these two is an inscrip- 
tion to 

* Thomas Philips who dyed the 9*** of Oct., 1701, aged 37.* 

For further notice of this family see chapter on Charities. This last 
stone has evidently been recut, or else a new one substituted for the 
original, at the time of the last interment. The original inscription 
according to Rawlinson, B 400 F, was in capitals : — 

* Here lyeth the body of Mr. Thomas Philips sonne of Mr. John Philips 
of WomaU (Worminghall) co, Bucks. He dyed the 9*^ day of Oct., 1701,' 

From this we are able to say with certainty that this family was the 
same as the Philips of Ickford, Bucks, and Tetsworth, co. Oxon (for 
a notice of whom see Payne's * Catholic Non-jurors,' p. 15, published by 
Bums and Gates). His father and mother lie near, and a tablet above 
upon the wall records 

' Subtus requiescit quicquid mortale fiiit Johannis Phillips Gen. Alicaeque 
uxorisejus. Hie nono die O^. an. Christ. 17 19 annos natus 61 obiit. Ilia 
Tricesimo die Aprilis, 1738, aet. 73, e vita cessit.' 

In the Lady Chapel is another handsome slab bearing two inscriptions 
within a lozenge and a circle inlaid in the stone : — 

* Here lyeth the body of Mr. John Phillips who died Feby. ao, 1732, aged 
46 years. And also the body of Anne the wife of Mr. John Phillips. She 
died in ye year 17 17.* 

Between the inscriptions a cross, a sure sign in those dkys that the dead 
professed the ancient faith. Where this family lived we cannot say 
with certainty, but from evidence of some old assessment papers and 
parish rating and voting lists, we may infer that they lived in the house 
known as the * Old Crown,* and this house, Hudson, a little later, rented 



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KEY TO THE TOMBSTONES. 1 4.5 

from them ; later on it came clown to Panting, of * Wornhall/ Close 
to Philips in the south entrance, and Hke them of the old religion, lie 
the following : — 

*In memory of Anne, the wife of Richard Hudson, who died April 19, 
1776, aged 82 years. + In memory also of her husband, Richard Hudson, who 
died Dec. 14, 1779, aged 77 years. Requiescat in pace, Amen.* 

In the Lady Chapel two more stones occur to the same family : — 

* + Here lyeth the body of Richard Hudson, senior, who departed Jan. 3, 
1738, aged 72 years. Requiescat in pace.* 

* + Here lyeth the body of Elizabeth, wife of Richard Hudson, who died 
Feby. 6, 1757, aged 74 years. Requiescat in pace.* 

Another cut lozenge shape : — 

* Here lyeth the body of Richard Hudson, son of Richard and Ann 
Hudson, died March 21, 173 J, aged 7 years. Also John, another child, aged 
12 — 1771.* 

All the information we can gain about these people is that one of 
them seems to have been in the law, and drew up an indenture for the 
parish. They apparently were connected with the village of Combe. 
Returning to the same south transept we find several inscriptions to 
the Newmans. Alice, the daughter of Richard Prideaux, married 
Richard Newman. The first in date was on a small one-third sized 
stone : — 

* Here lyeth Thomas Newman, ye youngest son of Richard Newman, 
senior. He died the 6**^ March, 1673.* Rawl., B 400 F. 

Next, in the centre of a large slab, the top and bottom of which has 
been used by another family, 

* Here lyeth the body of Alice the wife of Richard Newman, gent, who 
departed this life June 29*^^, 1705, aged 75 years.* 

Another slab, the upper half of which is missing, but can be sup- 
plied from Rawlinson, 

* Richard Newman, senior, Gent. He departed this life 25 July, 1695, 
aged 75. And also the body of Robert Newman, Gierke, son of the above 
named Richard Newman, dyed the 18*1^ day of October, A5 dmi 1721, 
aged 57 years.' 

He served Shipton-on-Cherwell. 

* Richard Newman, gent., died June, 1702, aged 68.' 

* Alice Newman, widow, late wife of Robert Newman, Clerk, died Nov. 
1724, aged 71.' 

These last two from Dr. Symonds ; the next from Rawlinson. 

' Here lyeth the body of Anne, the wife of William Bunce of St. James' 

L 



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146 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

Clerkenwell, London, Vintner ; she was the daughter of Richard and Alice 
Newman, Gent., who lye interred near this place. Bom March 9, 165 1, 
died Sept. 21, 17 14.* 

Encroaching upon the stone of Mrs. Newman are two inscriptions of 
much later date ; and also two more stones of the same family : — 

* To Mary Anne, Thomas, Penry, Charles, children of Bond and Anne 
Spindler who died in their infancy.' And 
' John, son of Robert and Mary Spindler, an infant.' 

This family lived at Gosford Hill farm. More of them are buried 
towards the bottom of the church. 



In the Lady Chapel, alias Sydenham aisle, there are three tombs to 
the Hudsons and one to Phillips ahready mentioned. One 

* To the Memory of Thomas Selwood who died 13 April, 1808, aged 50 
years.* 

He had the old farm now pulled down in May's yard, No. 158 on map. 

* Here lyeth ye body of Martha the wife of Richard Lambom who died 
Dec. !■*, 1739, aged 49 years.' 

' Francis Saunders who died May 20, 1783, aged 37.' 

This is not complete. Many more of this family are in the church. 
A very handsome incised stone slab to the memory of three children 
of Sir William Morton is now upon the floor in this chapel. Origi- 
nally it was fixed to the wall. 

This monument is divided into three portions. The two outer 
portions each bear the Morton arms upon a lozenge, viz. ' quarterly, 
ist and 4th, a goat's head erased, 2nd and 3rd, ermine.' The first side 
bears the name of Ann Morton, the eldest, and the second side the 
name of Magdalen Morton, the youngest, daughter of Sir William, who 
were both buried upon the 25th of August, 1670. The middle 
portion bears a shield with the arms of Morton impaling Smith, and 
the crest of Morton, a goat's head erased. The inscription is ' William 
Morton, sorm of Sir William, died 1652.' He was aged four years. 
Beneath are the lines : — 

'Beauty nor vertue, youth nor innocence 
Against y« strokes of death were our defence 
Three children to our parents deare, we lie 
Loe here in ho[)es of blest eternitie 
Christ who dy'ed for us, is risen, not in vaine 
To justifie us that wee may rise againe.* 



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KEY TO THE TOMBSTONES. 147 

The above arms, with the following inscription, are upon the gable 
end of the Alms-houses founded by Sir William Morton : — 

* To God and the poor of Kidlington 
And to the pious memory of the 
Vertuous Lady Ann Morton 
And her deceased children, Sir Will. 
Morton, knt, late one of his Majesty's 
Justices of the Court of Common Pleas, 
Dedicated this foundation, anno D. 167 1.' 

Near at hand are the graves of the parents of Lady Morton, John 
and Magdalen Smith. Sir William Morton and his wife are buried 
in the Temple Church, London. A slab, now mutilated, but supplied 
from Rawlinson, 

* Two shields, one blank, on the other this coat, viz. on a fesse dancett6 
between three roses, a crescent;' 

about it is engraved : — 

* Here lyeth the body of John Sipith, Gent., Master of Arts and some 
time Student of Christ Church, who departed the 2* May in the year 1654, 
aged 80 years.* 

His wife's monument is perfect. The shield in a lozenge, viz.. Smith, 
as before, impaling * gules, a fesse between three crescents, a canton 
ermine,' a crescent for difference. This is for Holloway, the inscrip- 
tion, 

' Here lyeth the body of Mrs. Magdalen Smith, wife of Mr. John Smith 
adjacent a .... of greate prudence, vertue, faith and piety and mother to 
the most vertuous lady Ann Morton, who died the 12 day of December in 
the year of our Lord 1665 ^' 

The only brass in this church, and the oldest inscription remaining, 
lies here to one of the Fitzherberts. It is one foot by eighteen 
inches in size. There were originally three of these small plates, 
the top one of which now alone remains : — 

'Here lyeth Hum. Fitzherbert of Begbroke, Esq'®, Deceased in the 
true faith of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ the 23** June anno Dom 
161 7, beinge of the age of 65 years, the sonne and heir of John Fitzherbert 
of Uphall in the county of Hartford, Knight, having issue by Ursula his 
wife, daughter of Thomas Waringe of Berryhall,in the coimty of Warwick e. 
Esq**, eight sonns and three daughters.* 

The second plate contained the names of the children. The third 
plate contained a coat of eight quarterings ; all of which will be 
found in the history of Begbroke. 

* Refer to pedigree, p. 98. 
L % 



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148 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

Upon the altar step lie WiUiam Pudsey and his wife side by side. 
This family followed Judge Morton at Hampden Manor. The first 
stone bears the following : — 

* Here lyeth the body of Captain William Pudsey who departed y" life 
Oct. the 6**^, 1739, aged 45 years, and also Here lyeth the body of William 
John Pudsey, son of Capt. Pudsey, who departed this life Jan. 8*^*, 1730, 
aged I year.' 

The second stone :^ 

* Here lieth the body of Ann, daughter of John Welshman, Esq", of 
Brackley, Northants, whose i"* husband was Mr. Roger Almont of this 
Parish, i°^ Captain William Pudsey. She departed this life in the true 
faith of Christ Aug. lo***, 1757, aetatis suae 61— and near her are interred 
the bodies of two Williams, Humphrey St. Barbe and Mary Sydenham 
her grandchildren, offspring of John and Ann Sydenham, who all died in 
their infancy.' 

Next lies the father of these children, 

* Revd. John Sydenham ob. 28 Oct., 1788 anno, aetat. 68.' 



In the north aisle, known as Conant's aisle, used as the Vestry. 
The earliest in date here is the tomb of Henry Streete *, a large slab 
upon the floor bearing a shield with the arms of Streete impaling 
West, and two crests, which are shown in the Pedigree. The inscrip- 
tion: — 

* Hie requiescit corpus Henrici Streete Generosi filii Woodhulli Streete 
Generosi obiit 30 Martii a5. Doih 1686, annos natus 46. Hoc manner 
charissimo marito Maria uxor moerens posuit. Spe felicis resurrectionis 
hie post annos 31 cum Henrico Streete decubuit Maria olim Tori, tandem 
sarcophagi consors obiit uxor chara Joh. Conant, LL.D., 27 Martii anno 
Dm 1 717, aetatis suae 75. Mulier pia proba amicis et pauperibus 
benigna.' 

Henry Streete was buried next to his father, whose epitaph, according 
to Rawlinson, ran thus :— 

* In hope of a happy resurrection here lies the body of WoodhuU Streete, 
Esq'®, senior Gent, who departed this life Feby. 10, i68f, being 81 years.' 

Close by is the tomb of Dr. Conant, the second husband of Mrs. 
Streete. His arms surmount it and are cut in low relief upon the 
stone. The inscription, 
'Johannes Conant LL.D., obiit Aug. 23, 1723, aetatis suae 71.* 
* Pedigree, p. 78. 



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KEY TO THE TOMBSTONES. 149 

Upon the wall is a tablet with the following inscription and the arms 
as above : — 

* H. S. E. Johannes Conant, LL.D., Johannis Conant S.T.P. | Inter 
doctissimos aevi sui | Theologos semper memorandi ux : Elizabethae | 
Filiae Eduardi Reynolds Norvicensis Episcopi | Filius natu maximus | 
Vir religionis cultu varia eruditione et morum comitate | Inter primos 
spectabilis | Hand ullis impar muneribus | sed runs maluit recessum | 
quippe qui satis duxit meruisse | quas non ambivit dignitates | I. B. I. | 
Dum nimis heu study's vacavit | In Arthritidis dolores incidit | Quibus 
diu afflictus tandem succubuit | omnibus desideratissimus, Aug. 23. 1733 
aetate 71 | Maria uxor prope humata | Hoc qualecumque marmor | 
Exiguum magni amoris Indicium | Moriens legavit.' 

Close by, also upon the north wall, is the white marble tablet to the 
memory of the wife of Dr. Joseph Smith, Provost of Queen's College. 
He was buried in Oxford. 

* Sacred to the memory of Revd. Joseph Smith, D.D., Chief Lord of the 
Manor, descended from an ancient family of Durham and of Rnaresbro' in 
the CO. of York. He was Provost of Queen's College, Oxford, to which he 
was unanimously elected without his privity or knowledge, and Prebendary 
in the Cathedral Churches of St. Paul's and Lincoln, Chaplain in Ordmary 
to Queen Caroline, and above 40 years Rector of St. Dionis, London, 
which he held with the Donative of Paddington in Middlesex, and in the 
younger part of his life the Secretary to the Treaty of Reiswick when Sir 
Joseph Williamson was Plenipotentiary and Ambassador there. He 
was distinguished for his extraordinary abilities and learning, his great 
piety, charity, eloquence, and politeness of manners, and during his many 
years government there he presided no less to his own credit than to the 
considerable advantage of this college, and discharged himself in his several 
stations with very great reputation. He died Nov. 23^*, 1756, aetate 86, 
He married Mary, daughter and co-heir of Henry Lowther, Esq", of 
Ingleton Hall in co. of York and of Lowther in the co. of Fermanagh and 
Grand-daughter of Col. Sir Richard Lowther, Governor of Pontefract 
Castle and Master of the Ordnance to King Charles i**, and was nearly 
allied to the Right Honourable Baron Lowther, Lord Viscount Lonsdale, 
and lineally descended from Lionel Plantagenet, 3'** son of King Ed. 3'* 
thro' the lines of Clifford, Percy and Mortimer, The said Lady Smith died 
April 29**», 1745, and was buried here, leaving issue one son Joseph Smith, 
Esq™, of Kidlington, and one daughter Anne, the wife of Major James 
Hargreaves of Oxford, who married for her first husband, Wm. Lamplugh, 
Prebendary of Lincoln, Grandson of Thomas Lamplugh, Archbishop of 
York. Here also are interred with the said Mary Smith ^ and Anne 
Hargreaves, Barbara, relict of George Wilson, Esq'®, of the co. of Berks, 
sister to the said Mary Smith ; Lydla Smith, the 1"* wife of the said Joseph 
Smith, who died 20 Jan., 1745, leaving no issue ; Mary and Thomas Smith 

* Pedigree, p. 78. 



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I50 HISTORY OF KIDUNGTON. 

died infants and were children of the said Joseph Smith and Elizabeth his 
wife the only daughter of James Bouchier, LL.D., of Handborough in the 
CO. of Oxon, late the King's Professor of Law at Oxford/ 
A shield of nine quarterings over this inscription, which is given with 
the pedigree. Under the above tablet is another to their daughter : — 

* To the memory of Mrs. Anne Hargreaves buried near this place who 
departed this life Sept. ii'^, 1762, aged 48, who was daughter of Revd. 
Joseph Smith, Provost of Queen's Coll. at Oxford, wife of James 
Hargreaves, Esq**, and mother of Joseph Smith Hargreaves. Also to the 
memory of the before named James Hargreaves who departed this life on 
the 2i^ day of Dec**., 1783, and to the memory also of the before named 
Revd. Joseph Smith Hargreaves, who was son, &c., but who for several 
years before his death was called Hargreaves.' 

He died in 1807, aged fifty-four. A small slab upon the floor in the 
comer to Mary Smith,, the date illegible, appears to belong to this 
family. The hatchments now hanging in the Thrup aisle were once 
here, with the banners of the High Sheriff. The banners, which had 
probably belonged to Humphrey Smith, of the Farmington family, who 
was High Sheriflf in 1704, excited the awe of the country folks and 
were commonly supposed by them to have been captured from the 
Danes! 

Hatchment with coat belonging to the 2nd wife of Dr. J. Smith, 
LL.D. She was Elizabeth Bouchier. — On a lozenge, divided into five 
parts. The four first, Smith (as below), Plantagenety Lowther, Lucy ; 
the fifth, * sable, a chevron between three leopards passant,' for 
Bouchier, 

Hatchment belonging to Dr. J. Smith, LL.D. — On a shield, quar- 
terly, ist. Smithy quarterly ; ist and 4th, on a bend three lance heads, 
between two unicorns' heads ; 2nd and 3rd, a tower on a mount ; on 
a chief, three storks' heads; 2nd, six annulets for L<nvther\ on a 
canton, a * baronet's hand.' 3rd, the same. 4th, a chevron between 
thr^e leopards, for Bouchier, Over all an escutcheon of pretence, * per 
pale, azure and gules, a cross or engrailed' for Barney. Motto, ' Turns 
fortissima nomen Domini.' 

Hatchment with coat probably belonging to Dr. Joseph Smith's 
second son, Harris Smith, who also married a Miss Bouchier. — On a 
shield, the arms the same as on his mother's hatchment, surmounted 
by a crest ; * on a helmet an arm mailed, embowed, grasping a tilting- 
spear, broken.' Motto, 'Ascendam/ 



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KEY TO THE TOMBSTONES. 151 

In the north aisle behind the organ are a number of stones, most 
of them obliterated, to the Saunders family ; there were fourteen in 
various parts of the church ; several to Cozier and Jolly, farmers and 
tradesmen in the village. The Thrup or north transept contains the 
tombs of the Brents. We only have the inscription of one which is 
preserved in Rawlinson, B 400 F : — 

* Here lyeth the body of Roger Brent, Lord of the Manor of Thrupp. 
He married Frances the daughter of Robert Mayott, Esq''®, and by her had 
two sons and one daughter. He died April 21^, 1694, aged 53.' 

This had the Brent arms over the inscription. 

The Mayotts came from Abingdon. The Hutts of Thrup are buried 
here from 1789 to 181 2 ; also one of the Tyrrell family, a child, 1763. 

Beginning now with the cross aisle from south to north we find 

' John Paty, Gent., died 1668, 27 Feby.^ ' 
This stone does not now exist, nor do we know anything of the 
person. Then three stones to William Butler, his two wives, one of 
them a Wild, and two children, date 1763 to 1795. Another to 
Richard and Martha Wild and their two sons, John and Richard, dated 
1828, Close by the present organ are three stones to the Bradfords, 
two brothers and the wife of one of them. They were bell-ringers for 
many years, and one of them Parish Clerk, and they were buried 
exactly under the bells which they used to ring, at that time rung 
from the floor, the fifth and the tenor bell. When the large heating 
apparatus was put in, which was irreverently known as the * Lightfoot 
Monument,* the Bradfords' stones were moved. At this same time so 
little care was taken of the dead that the cofiins in the vaults were cut 
through, and many of the Smiths who lie beneath were decapitated. 

'John Bradford died Jan. aa, 1782, aged 57 years.' 
Richard Bradford died November i8th, 1779, ^Z^^ sixty-two years. 
Close beside these are six slabs covering the Smiths of Iffley, from 
1752 to 1805. All we are able to say about them is to be found at 
page 87. Going down the middle aisle the first stone is to Daniel 
Ellis, 1809, son of the Clerk of the day. Then several stones to the 
Wilds, many worn out — Elizabeth and William Wild, 18 19 and 1826; 
and Mary, the wife of Nicholas Wild, 1783 ; also Nicholas and Mary, 
his second wife, 18 12 and 1824. Two better cut stones to Mary and 
Thomas Haslett, 1769 and 1782. One to Elizabeth Henley and 
Martha Hirst, her grand-daughter, 1787 and 1793. Three to Richard 

* Can this be the person who gave his name to *Pady's Gap'? see p. 124. 



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152 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

Smith, his wife and son, 1777, 1780, and 1820. At the very bottom 
of the church lie Philip Han well, 1807, and John and Ralph Sanders, 
160 . . In the cross passage beginning at the south door, 

* Anne, wife of Bond Spindler, who died 31 March, 183 1, aged 45 years.' 

She was a Goodson, which family had Lyne House, also a farm at 
Thnip, and her children are buried in the south aisle in the Newmans' 
tomb. Several more to the Goodsons, which are illegible, 

'John Goodson aged 104 years — 1803 and his family.' 

A small square stone covers the entrance to a vault, which bears the 
initials K N., 1800 ; M. A. B., 1809 ; R. P., 1818 ; referring to the 
three daughters of Edward Nicholls of the mill. The first who died 
was unmarried, the second wife of W. Baxter, a printer in Oxford ; and 
the third the widow of G. Payne. These Nicholls are the same family 
as those of Holywell Mill. 

In the south aisle beginning at the east end are : Mary, wife of 
Wm. Young, 1769; Hanwell, 1787; Cozier; Watts, 181 7, and his 
wife, 1793; and at the very bottom, Blacknall Carter and Ann his 
wife. She was a Smith, daughter of John Smith, of Iffley. Upon the 
pillar opposite to south door is a tablet with the names of several of 
the Smith family, who lie in the vault beneath. They are the same 
family with those buried under the belfry. The last interred here was 
Miss Eliz. Matilda Avis Smith, who died in Summertown in 1886. 
The vault was opened for her, and a most unpleasant scene ensued. 
Two tablets upon the pillars of the tower as follows : — 

* Sacred to the memory of Mary Hitchcock of Albemarle Street in the 
Parish of St. George's, Hanover Square, London, who was bom in this 
parish ; died as*"* day of Dec, 1830, aged 59.' 

* In memory of William James, who died Nov. 6, 1800, aged 63 years, also 
of Mary his wife, who died Dec. 13, 1801, aged 65.' 



The Choir of the Church. 

The Tenants of the Rectory farm head the list of those who were 
buried in the chancel. First in date is Edward Standard and his two 
wives ; the first, Elizabeth Holloway, is buried with her grandson ; the 
second, Margaret Fifield, is with him ; the three epitaphs as follows : — 

* Here lies the body of Edward Standard, Gent., who departed this life 
3i»t day ot April, an din 1641.* 



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KEY TO THE TOMBSTONES. 153 

With this is a shield impaling Standard and Fifield. 

* Here lieth the body of Margaret Standard, wife of Edward Standard, 
Gent., and daughter of Thomas Fifield of Farmington, in co. Gloster, Gent., 
who departed this life 31 Aug*, 1643,' Rawlinson. 

' Subciniscunt (sie) contiguo solo | Caelicolae Eliza avia et | Edouardus 
Standard nepos | Octennis filius et haeres Johis Standard Albomontani | 
Eiusdemq man : dom : armig : Quern ei peperit Brigitta | Lenthallorum 
stemraate nobilitata qui | anginam^ (fugiens) intempestive praepr | opere 
inyenit fatum. | Me sine abis dilecte neque | amplius ibimus una | . 
Tristis et afflictim p. f. p. p. I. S. T. 1629.' 

Translation of Edward Standard's monumental inscription : — 

'Under the neighbouring ground rest together 
Inhabitants of heaven, Eliza, grandmother, and 
Edward Standard^, grandson, 
An eight year old son and heir 
Of John Standard of Whitehill 
And Lord of that Manor, Esquire, 
Whom there bore to him Bridget 
By her descent from the Lenthalls 
Ennobled, who (fleeing from) ? 
Suffering unseasonably 
Too early found his fate. 
Thou art gone without me beloved, nor 
Any more shall we walk together. 
Sad and afflicted p. f. p. p. 
I St. 1629. 

John Standard ' mentioned in this inscription was the eldest son of 
Edward Standard above. He was Rector of and is buried at Tack- 
ley, where an altar tomb formerly stood in the churchyard, bearing this 
inscription : — 

* Standard vexiUifer signifer hie jacet | Caelestis veteranus praeco tacet | 
Catholicus Christianus vixit et omnia dixit | Mundanis exercitibus pertaesus 
valedixit. Who lived 66 years obiit 16 die Debris 1647.* 

One might suppose from the foregoing that Dr. John Standard had 
been a famous preacher in his day. The arms of Standard and Len- 
thall are carved above the stone to Edward the younger. Next were 
two which are now destroyed, 

'Thomas Standard, Gent, who departed 20 Feby., 1686, aged 69.* 

* After the word 'qui' is added ^ 'Edward,son of John Standard, doc. 
* fugiens ' in one MS. (Rawlinson, 397). of divinitie, bur. Oct. 30.' Par. Register. 
This word is broken out of the stone. ■ Pedigree, p. 51. 



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154 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

' Margaret, the wife of Thomas Standard, Gent., who departed this life 
1 6 day of May, 1703, of her age 77.* 

A stone to the infant daughter, Margaret, of the above, 1650, and 
another to Dorothy Standard, 1751, aged seventy, complete the num- 
ber of this family. Against the north wall is a black marble tablet, 
inlaid with white stone, on the top an urn, from which hang festoons of 
flowers, and on each side is a woman standing in a mournful attitude, 
and in capitals is this inscription : — 

*To the memory of Thomas Smith, Esq^, and Alice his wife sole 
daughter and heiress of Thomas Standard, Gent., and Margaret his wife, 
who likewise lie interred near this place. She died Sept. 2a>»d he died 
Oct. 1 1, 1706. Also of Humphrey Smith, Esq'*, eldest son and heir of the 
above Thomas and Alice who exchanged this life for immortality Aug. 22, 
17 1 6. Likewise Mary, the wife of the above Humphrey Smith, who died 
Jan. 5, 1722, aged 42 years.* 

The arms of Smith and Standard are below, viz., a * spread eagle ' for 
Smith impaling an arrow. Formerly on a black marble stone on 
south side of the aliar : — 

* Reliquiae Humphredi Smith de Kidlington in agro Oxon armiger. ob. 
22 Aug., 1 7 16, aetat. 44.' 

* Hie jacet expectans resurrectionem Maria Smith, Hum. Smith olim 
marita — Vitam reliquit Die 4 Jan., 1722.* 

Underneath the wall tablet on north side were two black diamond 
escutcheons as follows : — 

* Subjacent Reliquiae Gulielmi Smith filii natu minimi Thomae Smith 
et Alicie uxoris ejus, qui 17 annos et — mens — e vita cessit 19 die 
martii, 1695.* * Here lyeth the body of Elizabeth Smith, youngest daughter 
of Thomas Smith and Alice his wife, who died 4 Sept., 1698.' 

Just below the step upon the south side are two handsome black slabs, 
with an escutcheon upon each, surrounded by lambrequins, bearing the 
spread eagle and the eagle's head erased as crest. The first covers 
the remains of the above-named Thomas and Alice Smith, and a 
capital T. A. with the following verse are engraved upon it : — 

* Reader here lies mider this stone | The dust of two who were but 
one I Long had they lived and lov'd, she fled the way | Of heaven first he 
could no longer stay | But strait pursued her to ye throne above | w^ 
saints surround crowned with eternal Love.* 

The second slab bears the crescent for diff'erence, and is in memory of 
their second son, who died shortly after them : — 

*Hic sub saxo prope parentes Thomam et Aliciam nuper defunctos, jacet 
Thomas Smith : aul : S. Mar : Magd : a : m : qui post tredecem mens, in 
languorem an : sal : 1707 aetat. 33 morti libere concessit.' 



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KEY TO THE TOMBSTONES. 155 

This gives us the death of three sons and one daughter of this family, 
and in all probability there were no descendants. At all events the 
family seems to have been carried on by another branch. Thomas 
Smith, of Cassington, who died in 1761, and whose name, cut above 
the epitaph of the preceding Thomas, has caused no small confusion. 
This individual is the same with the Thomas commemorated upon the 
chancel wall : — 

* Thomas Smith of Headington Hill* who died Sep. 19**^, 1761, aged 57. 
Also 8 of his children ; Humphrey, William, Richard, Francis, Humphrey, 
Elizabeth, Dorothy and John, who died abroad. This monument was 
erected &c. by his eldest son Thomas Smith, surgeon of St. Thomas* 
hospital, London. Also of Elizabeth, wife of the above named Thomas 
Smith, Esq'®, who died p*** day of Sept., 1775, aged 73.' 

Thomas the surgeon sold the property in Gloucestershire in 1787. 

Upon the south wall of the chancel hangs another tablet to this 
family, children of the last mentioned, viz., William Smith, of Head- 
ington Hill, who died in 1793 ; his brother, the above-named Thomas, 
died 1784, the surgeon; Thomas' wife, Frances, died 1783; and 
Elizabeth, the last survivor, died 1825, aged eighty-two. The re- 
maining property now passed to another branch, who had been 
setded at Iffley, but the ready money was left to Tyrrell Knapp, said 
to be nephew. £40,000, with the Headington Hill property. 

Other graves upon the floor of the choir are, six inscriptions to the 
family of Dickenson, dating from 1759 to 1803. Of these we can 
say nothing except that there was a family of the name living at the 
Manor Farm (where the Dods used to be). Next come the Almonts, 
who owned Grove House and the adjoining land. Edward Almont, 
who died 1673; ^^^i ^^s wife, 1699, and with her, Rebekah New- 
land, who was born an Almont. Then James Almont, 1725, aged 
seventy -two, steward of Magdalen College, and public notary. 
Another stone to .... Austin, Esqr., 1783, and Elizabeth, his wife, 
1 794, who, I believe, was an Almont, and one more to William Almont 
Austin, son of William and Elizabeth Austin, who died 1801, upon 
his twentieth birthday. The stone was inscribed by his two sisters. 
Another slab is to the memory of Mrs. Frank Harris, daughter of Mr. 
Thomas Harris and Elizabeth his wife, 1 709, aged twenty-one. This 
young girl was probably a cousin to Dr. Joseph Smith's family. Eliza- 
beth Bouchier, his wife, was daughter to Ehzabeth Harris. They 

* The property mentioned here is Headington Hill, or the Rise, in the parish of 
St. Clement. 



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156 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

were on both sides connected with influential people at the Bar. The 
last stone in our account, but one lying exactly in the middle in 
front of the altar step and next to Thomas Smith's, is one of which 
we can give no account The stone is a handsome blue slab, elabo- 
rately cut in relief; a coat of arms with helmet cut and lambrequins, 
and the inscription in large flowing letters as follows : — 

' Hie jacet .... Qui .... fait Johannis Westerdale Viney de Medio 
Temploar...ob.,7j«neanno |g^^^^*;,.. 

The arms are ' quarterly, ist and 4thy a bunch of grapes ; 2nd and 
3rd, two bars and eight martlets, three, two, and three ' ; crest, a 
dexter arm holding a bunch of grapes. This was no doubt some 
friend of Dr. Smith's and the style of the monument shows that he 
must have been a valued one. This concludes all the inscriptions still 
extant in the church or those which, if not now to be seen, refer to the 
families which we can trace. A few more are preserved to us in the 
MSS. of the Bodleian Library. 

On the north wall of the chancel once hung a tablet bearing three 
shields and the inscription, 

* Here lyeth the body of Judith Cupper the wife of John Cupper late of 
Glimpton^ in co. Oxon, Esq", who was the daughter of Will Peto of 
Chesterton, co. Warwick, Esq*^, by whom he had 16 children and departed 
this mortal life 31 March, 1634.' 

The arms on the ist and 3rd shields: Cupper (or Cooper) impaling 
'a fesse sable, with three lozenges in chief sable*; and Cupper impalmg 
* vert, a fleur-de-lys.' The middle shield is Cupper, viz., ' quarterly, ist 
and 4th, a bend engrailed, upon which three bezants (?) between two 
lions rampant'; 2nd and 3rd, 'vert, a fleur-de-lys ' ; impaling, 'parted 
per pale, indented, barr^ of six argent and gules counterchanged,' for 
Peto. These are apparently the coats of father and son. 

One, upon a brass aflSxed to a grave with the name torn oflf, was a 
picture of Death in a winding-sheet, and the inscription, 

* Credo quod redemptor mens vivit, &c.' 
on his breast. A stone on the floor to Charies Smith, 2nd son of Francis 
Smith, Esq., of Aston, Shropshire, 1722, aged nine years. This family 
were well known as zealous Catholics. How came this child here? 

* This family rented the Manor of ently, Cupper, Cowper, Coper. Mar- 
Westcot Barton from the Bockinghams shall^s Westcote Barton, pp. 16, 47, 
in 1543. The name is spelt indiflfer- 74. 



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KEY TO THE TOMBSTONES. 1 57 

There were five tombs to the Tyrrells, of the Rectory farm, ranging 
from 1742 to 1796. One to Robert Buswell, Gent., 1800, aged sixty- 
eight. 

'Joseph Haynes died 1769, aged 73.' 

The old place behind the mill was known as Haynes' corner; and 
lasdy, to the old minister who managed the parish affairs through 
the days of trouble during the Civil Wars, 

' Hie jacet Richardus Prideaux Ecclesiae Presbyter Anglicanae Sepultus 
est novembris decimo quinto dmi 1666 annos natus plus minus 76.' 

In Sydenham aisle a white marble tablet to the memory of 

* Johannes Collier Jones. CoIIegii hujus per annos XIX Rector. 
Natus Plymptoniae in com. Devon non. October an. S, M.D.CCLXX. In 
Vico Oban argathaliensium spiritum Deo reddidit VII die Aug. a. S. 1838. 
Corpus ubi mori contigit depositum. Virum facilem, simplicem, humanum, 
Rectorem integerrimum, amicum desideratissimum inani eheu hoc munere 
prosecuta est scholarium pietas. 

Antiquo CoIIegii Exoniensis sacello diruto hoc monumentum hue 
translatum est A. S. 1862.' 

Here ends the mortuary of om* church, and by these few pages we 
may perhaps hope to keep in memory some of the names of those who 
once lived and died here and who have helped to make our parish 
history. 

The last Rector and Vicar of the Parish is buried in the churchyard. 
Dr. John Prideaux Lightfoot, March 23, 1887, aged 84. Also his 
first wife, Mrs. Eliza Anne Lightfoot, Nov. 21, i860, aged 50. 



The altar-shaped tomb to the Shards bears the following : — 

' Here lyeth interred the Body of Mr. John Shard who died in the true 
faith of Christ Sep. 16 MD.CXCV aged 75 years. Here also lyeth interred 
the Body of Mrs. Elizabeth Shard his wife, who departed this life in the 
year of our Lord 171 1, aged 91 years. Also Mrs. Sarah, daughter of John 
and Elizabeth Shard, who died 1680, aged 18 years ^' 

^ The Roman figures above, though oddly placed, probably mean 1695. 



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CHAPTER XII. 

Some Account of Popular Affairs in the 
Seventeenth Century. 

In bringing this history to a close it will be interesting to record 
some events and phases in the life of the people, how they lived, how 
they amused themselves, and what passing occurrences occupied their 
minds. An examination of the parish books aflfords us an amusing 
insight into the everyday life and doings of the villagers. The over- 
seers' accounts are extant from the year 1686, and from their minute- 
ness many interesting details may be gathered. In the extracts here 
given the original spelling is preserved. The overseers were concerned 
with the personal care of the poor upon their books, and every item of 
clothing, food, and medicine is entered in their accounts. Richard 
Burgen was the parish tailor, and in the year 1690, as 150 years later, 
the family made and patched for the parishioners. 

' Pd. Richard Burgen for making and stuff for a gown for Iron's biggest 
girl and a boddis coat for the least, and for repairing their old cloathes.' 
* For Irons* daughter 10 yards of " Protestant crape " for a gown and a 
petty coat.' 

We do not know what kind of material this * Protestant crape ' may 
have been, but no doubt it had been some fashionable stuff for ladies' 
gowns called after the * Protestation' of 1643. 

* Making a stiven gown, a pair leather breeches, a pair of pattens, a pair 
of bodys and a stomacher and all manar of cloase,' 

and so on for years. The birth and christening of pauper children 
was a constant care, and they were well looked after both in their tem- 
poral and spiritual wants. 

* Pd. 2/ for the birth of Ann Putlock's child ; for clothes and capps for 
the child; gave the Gossips 3/1 o<*. Pd. Michael Webb when a travelling 
woman lay in there ; Pd. when Mary Wild's child was born and baptised; 



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POPULAR AFFAIRS. 159 

for fire, candles and Goody Young looking after her. Goody Lucas for 
nursing the child two weeks and burying the child. Paid Jones for ceaping 
Mary Boiles and chrising her child. For bread and cheese when Goody 
Lester was brote to bed and the child crisned ; when she had the Ago ; 
when she laid in and wante welle.' 

This Lester family was a constant source of trouble and expense to 
the parish; the man was a journeyman baker, and made many vain 
attempts to settle himself elsewhere, but was constantly ejected and 
brought back again to his parish. 

The overseers had also the charge of seeing that their people were 
legally married, and many amusing items refer to this. 

' Paid for a warrant to take Michael Smith and for a license and for the 
minister marrying him.' 

The said Michael Smith promised Dr. Conant and the overseers to pay 
five shillings at intervals towards paying for his license. 

* Pd. for a license for Ann Swift and for a wedding ring for the marriage ; 
paid the man (Cook) his portion j^2 a o and for going with them to 
Oxford. Expenses taking Jacob Wildduck, marrying him and taking him 
to his parish ;^5 8 o. Jonathan Broad's wedding dinner and expenses cost 
£2 14 6, and taking him and his wife to Goosey 18/. 

Goosey is near Abingdon. Then comes the care of the sick in their 
own homes, and in occasional cases taking them to the Hospital in 
Oxford or in London. 

* Pd the Nose for setting hop with Judith Brown ; paid Inglant's wife for 
nosing of White's ; for a bottle of Daffy's for W. Smith : when Thomas 
Hanwell was at Bath, Pd. James Hunt for carrying Steven Putlock to 
Oxford to Mr. Moore's the Schyrgon ; for kqwering of Steven Putlock, 
j^i o o ; for setting Nich. Morris child's arm 10/. Pd. when Lester's 
girl's thigh was set, messenger going to Woodstock and for filletting, bran, 
&c. Pd. Mr. Heberdine of Woodstock for setting the girl's thigh £,1 3 o. 
Spent at Gosford upon Widdo Howse's son's account, one them that 
carried him hom and the surgeon when his thie was broke, 3/- gave a 
messenger to goo to Woodstock to Mr. Heberdine that he need not come 
for the widdo Howse's son ; paid Tho" Hill for a coffin for Howse's child ; 
pd. Mr. Bety his fee for burying widdo Howse's son ; paid Mr. Curtis the 
surgan for seting the widdo Howse's son's thigh £2 la 6. 

There we have a whole idyll of a country sorrow, the accident and 
death to the widow's son, and in the homely accents the care and 
interest of the neighbours is clearly seen. 

The dead, according to an Act of Parliament, were to be buried in 
wool ; the upper classes of course used woollen shrouds, but among 
the poor, plain carded wool seems to have been frequently used. 



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l6o HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

* Gave widdow Harris for srowding Ann Sparrow and for worsted for 
her ; for wool and carding it for to put on Goody Otiey ; for wool to lay 
Otley's boy in. Going to fetch the parson for Berying Otley's boy,* &c., 
&c., &c. 



The Lady op the Lamb. 

Amongst the sports and revelries which our forefathers delighted 
in that of the Lady of the Lamb was common to many villages in 
this part of Oxfordshire. The following account of how the sport 
was carried on in Kidlington has been handed down to us by 
Mr. Thomas Blount, who probably had been an eye-witness to the 
scene. He was connected with Oxfordshire through his mother, one 
of the Bustards of Adderbury, He writes — 

* At Kidlington in Oxon the custom is that on Monday in Witson week 
there is a fat live Lamb provided and the Maids of the Town, having their 
thumbs tied behind them, run after it, and she that with her mouth takes 
and holds the Lamb is declared Lady of the Lamb : which being dressed 
with the skin hanging on, is carried on a long pole before the Lady and her 
companions on the Green, attended with Music and a Morris Dance of 
Men and another of Women ; when the rest of the day is spent in Dancing, 
Mirth and Glee. The next day the Lamb is part baked, part boiled and 
roast for the Lady's feast, when she sits majestically at the upper end of the 
tables and her companions with her, with music and other attendants, which 
ends the solemnity *.' 

Heame remarks 

* Mr. Blount does not tell us the reason of this custom, but I am told 'tis 
upon account of the inhabitants being Toll free in Oxford and other places. 
I was told yesterday that the same custom belonged formerly to Wightham 
in Berks V 

This custom was carried out at Ensham, in a slightly different 
manner. There the prettiest girl of the parish was chosen, and after 
catching the Lamb, she rode, in gay attire, the foremost horse of 

^ Bloiints*s Jocular Tenures. Ancient from place to place and his health 

Tenures, published by Beckwith, York, destroyed. He died in 1680, aged 61. 

1 784. Mr. Thomas Blount was son of Through his mother, Anne Bustard, 

Miles Blount of Orleton, Herefordshire, Mr. Blount was related to the Freres 

his mother a Bustard of Adderbury. of Water Eaton, see pedigree. 
He was a zealous Catholic, and on " Heame's Diary, ed. Bliss, 1857, 

account of the persecution following p. 489. 
upon the * Oates plot ' he was harried 



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POPULAR AFFAIRS, l6l 

the team which brought home the Lamb *. The last girl who rode 
in this procession at Ensham was Sarah Stayt, who lived for many 
years in Kidlington, in the house marked 132 upon the map^ and 
died there subsequently to 1840. 

Another old custom here now disused was the Easter cake. The 
charge for making and baking the cake* was duly charged to the 
Churchwardens every Easter. Occasionally it was taken round to 
the people in their houses, and sometimes they went for it to the 
church. The last year in which it was made was 181 1, and an old 
man in the Alms-house, James Butler, remembers his mother going 
to fetch it 

The Club Feast is held in Kidlmgton on the first Thursday in June, 
this and the Lamb Ale are probably renmants of the Feast of the 
Lamb in Whitsun-week. 

The village feast or wake occiu-s upon the Sunday following the 
iplh September; counting according to the old style', this represents 
the feast of the Nativity of Our Lady, 8th September, no doubt the 
feast of the original dedication of the church. The second dedication 
in 1336 we know to have occurred in June'. 

There seems to have been a well-established school in Kidlington 
and the school-house* was the building afterwards used as the village 
workhouse. Mr. Roger Almont left a legacy of £2 a year to provide 
schooling for two boys. We know that several middle class schools 
flourished here later on. The girls were taught spinning at little 
schools in the cottages, as lately was the case in all the villages in 
the northern part of the county, where women kept schools for the 
little girls to learn to use their lace pillow. Work was given out 
to the poor by the overseers, principally spinning and weaving. 
Nathaniel Faulkner provided the hemp and flax which was weighed 
out to the women, and charged at the rate of is, to \s, \d, a pound 
for spinning flax and \d, a poimd for spinning hemp, and weaving 

* From the relation of Miss Frances and the Nativity of our Lady are 
Symonds of Kidlington, who knew her separate days. 

welL * '1709, Paid Richard Lumbley for 

* < Baking the Easter cake ; carrying putting np old glass in the school- 
about and spent 15J. 6</.* Church- house, &/.* * Paid Mr. Smith for the 
warden's book for 1800. See p. 136. glass, u. 4//.* 'Paid William Kery a 

* On p. 17 we see that Bishop Burgh- bill ifor work, wood, and nayles used 
wash was here in June. In the account in the school, and other work there, 
of the Vicarage, p. 35, we read of four i6j. 4 jaT.' 

feasts, the Dedication of the Church 

M 



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l62 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

40 ells of cloth was paid 9^. The price of the hemp was about 2\d, 
per pound, and flax i6j. to 20J. the dozen pounds. The spinning- 
wheels were provided for the women, and the girls in the schools 
were paid 6</. a day. The account of the linen cloth made by these 
poor people was regularly audited and signed by the Churchwardens 
and two magistrates. In 17 10, thirty-six ells were made, and the 
account signed by Dr. Conant and Humphrey Smith. 

The men were provided with pickaxes, but wheelbarrows were 
scarce and they were hired. In the latter part of the century work 
was abundant upon the roads, and several new roads were made 
across the * Field.' 

The younger members of the conmiunity out of school-hours 
had ample employment in catching sparrows and hedgehogs, polecats 
and bats, which were paid for at the rate of ^d. each for hedgehogs, 
2d, a dozen for sparrows, with or without heads, and bats in one 
year amounted to the sum of £2 4^., surely an argument for repairing 
the church roof. Also cow-keeping and bringing up the cows on the 
Common were ordinary employments. The parish officers at this time 
were as follows — 

* Two Church Wardens ; Two Tythingmen ; One Greensman ; Two 
Fieldsmen ; Two Surveyors of Highway ; One Field Keeper ; One Herds- 
man ; Two Pounders for the Green.* 

This last office suggests the Pound, which now lies open to all, but 
where formerly all stray cattle were * pounded ' until the fine was paid 
by the owner; the parish, however, having to provide keep for such 
animals. 

In 1735 it was decided by a Vestry that a workhouse should be 
built for the poor receiving weekly relief, where they might all be 
gathered under one roof and be under the management of some 
competent person. The old school-house was voted for the purpose, 
and the necessary funds were provided for adapting it to its new 
use. Mr. Robert Rand was appointed to conduct the business and 
a superintendent was installed in the House. This was all very well, 
but the people principally concerned were evidendy very unwilling 
to acquiesce in the new arrangement Their weekly pay was stopped 
and then they all went in a body to Woodstock before the Magistrates 
to remonstrate. It was not until a week's pay was promised in 
advance and compensation made them for loss of time in moving, 
that they were at last safely housed in the new House. The House 



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POPULAR AFFAIRS. 163 

seems first to have been adapted for ten inmates, and the inventory 
of furniture is amusing and certainly not extravagant : — 

* Eight trenchers and a ladle, a brewing kettle and bale, a cole rake, 
oven lid and peel, a load of faggots and £$ worth of linen from Sayer the 
Scotchman/ 

This with a few beds and what the people brought of their own, 
constituted the equipment of the House. 

As each parish was at this time responsible for its own inhabitants, 
a vigilant watch was kept upon strangers and a constant correspon- 
dence was carried on with various parishes upon this subject Armed 
with a Magistrates' order the truants were at once sent home before 
they could lay claim to a settlement elsewhere. William Lester and his 
family proved a source of trouble for years, and fetching him home, 
housing him and keeping his family was no small expense. On the 
other hand strangers who intruded themselves into this village were 
carried away and deposited in their own parishes — 

* Expenses attending J. B. Perrot, examining him to his parish and marry- 
ing him to Charlotte Mitchell £11^ 6/ 

One Mary Saunders had to be bargained with to persuade her 
to go, and she was at last duly put into the waggon and, under the 
charge of Mr. Bellinger, taken to London. One Otley caused much 
trouble and expense by getting into the hands of the law. He was 
carried to Witney and Woodstock before the Justices, committed 
to Bridewell in Oxford, and Sergeant Painton, then a resident here, 
was employed to defend him. 

William Matthews, upon being wanted, gave the slip to the 
Overseers, and, after a hot chase through Woodstock and Bicester, 
he was at length caught at Brackley and brought back, costing the 
exasperated Overseers 5^. lod. in the chase. This was about a 
child which he tried to foist upon the parish, and his family were 
all eventually consigned to New Woodstock, where he practised as 
a barber. We have an account of a mad woman in the village of 
the name of Morris and the treatment of the day : — 

' Paid John Enstone for Iceting of Susanna Morris' blood three times 3/, 
pd. for ottering of a chane for S. Morris when she was mad ; pd. Goody 
Morris for looking to Susanna ; pd. John Newell for seting by her bedsted 
when she was mad ; for caring Shusanna Morris to Lousehall and for 
caring her clatts and fuill to Lousehall and for a lock.* 



M 2 



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J 64 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON, 

The apprenticing poor children to trades was also a "source of 
general interest If an illegitimate child had been supported by the 
rates, he was bound apprentice for seven years at 1 1 years of age, the 
indentures and expenses costing the parish about £4. The neighbours 
met and talked and drank over the matter, showing the common interest 
of the community in each one of its members at a time when the 
village was the home of all from birth to death. 

In 1 7 12 the stone-pit at Hardwick* was opened: it was rented 
from Ann Springwell, widow, for twelve years, at the rent of 15^. In 
1855 the pit became exhausted and the land was exchanged with the 
Duke of Marlborough for another site. The parish of Bletchingdon 
bought a piece of land in * Femhill field' in 17 19, out of some Poors' 
money, it was let to Widow Allen, and this plot of ground became the 
subject of a discussion before the Charity Commissioners in 1825. 
They showed that it had been sold again by the parish authorities to 
John Bellinger of Kidlington. 

The following from Overseers' Books : — 

* Paid Old England for 18 load of stone 6/. Do. for work done la/.' 

* Paid E. Nicholls for 6 days work and a * Standing Thylor ' £2 5 o.' 

* Paid for making the Orch at Linkrafts geat i/.' 

This is the gate near the gravel-pits on the Bury Moor road. 

* 1797. Paid for a letter from Oxford concerning the Hair Powder 7^*.' 
This probably was about the custom in the Militia of wearing 

hair powder. The men were expected to find their own powder, 
and about this time flour being so dear they rebelled, and the order 
was rescinded. 

* 1798. Paid Scroggs, surveyor, the Mileway money J[;j o o.' 
For this old tax see History of Yamton. 

* Paid innocently to Willoughby and his wife for beating his boy a/6.' 

* 1 8oo, Two swindling women 4/.* * 

* 1783. Paid for 6 Paddels a/. Paid Betel's wife (Biddle) for Padeling 
Thissals a/.' 

^754* This year is noted for the General Election, which took 
place under the administration of the Duke of Newcastle, and which 

* The indenture relating to this pit is Blacknall. 

in the church chest. For the Bletching- ' ' Swindle ' is an old word for a 

don affair see Mr. Wing*s little book. spindle, and again, ' Swingel ' means to 

For the Election, see History of the beat flax. * Paddles ' are a kind of 

Boroughs of England, 1794, also the spud used for taking up docks, &c 

Poll of Freeholders of Oxon, 1754, by Halliwell's Diet. 



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POPULAR AFFAIRS. 165 

has left its mark upon the annals of Oxfordshire. The county interest 
for the three seats in Parliament was divided, the Duke of Marl- 
borough held one in his own patronage, and the other two were 
dependent upon the interest of five men of rank in the county. For 
these two seats four candidates were proposed. In the Ministerial 
or New Interest, Viscount Parker and Sir Edward Turner; in the 
Court or Old Interest, Lord Wenman and Sir James Dashwood. 
The most bitter animosity prevailed on all sides, and so eager was 
each side to enlist every possible vote, that the most shadowy of 
claims were put forward. Here in Kidlington 55 votes were regis- 
tered, 3 in Thrup, 2 in Water Eaton and i in Gosford. To produce 
this total upon a population which did not exceed 700, many men 
went to the Poll who were subsequently disallowed, and among them 
the three old men at the Alms-house and Mr. James Lamb, who were 
all pronounced to be disqualified as having no freehold here. The 
result of the Poll was the return of all four Candidates, which 
necessitated a fresh scrutiny of the lists, and afler long and angry 
discussion, during which the opposition counsel proposed to disqualify 
no less than 540 voters of the opposite party, and his opponent 522 for 
the New Interest, the Election terminated by the return of Lord 
Parker and Sir Edward Turner. One of the political effusions of 
the time was entitled 'The Kidlington Canvass or the members in 
the Mud ^' Richard Whiting of Kidlington Park voted for property 
at Rotherfield Greys, in the occupation of Henry Smith. 



The great European war at the close of the i8th century affected 
the population of Kidlington equally with the rest of the country. 
Men had to be found for the Army and Navy at the public expense, 
and each parish contributed its quota. Kidlington provided a 
soldier and a sailor, not indeed out of its population, but paid by 
the rates. In 1795 

' Paid Mr. Knapp for the Sailor ;£i6 a o * 
occurs in the books, and 

* Expenses going to Oxford to get a man for the Army 3/^, to Woodstock 
Justis A Bout finding a man for solder 3/1 going to Oxford to see after a 
man for soldeur 3/6.' 

^ These verses, which are not worth repeating, were pablished in the Election 
Magazine, 1753. Gough, Oxford, 39. 



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i66 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

Besides substitutes had to be provided for those who were drawn for 
the Militia and could not leave home. 

* Pd. the Overseers of St. Ebbs for the relief of Warrin's wife and a 
children, which he being hired for a substitute to serve in the Oitfordshire 
Militia J[fi 5 o. For a substitute for Jeffs 2/^ a week. Towards a sub- 
stitute for Joseph Hall on Lamale Munday £^i* 

This charge fell heavy upon the parish, in one year amounting to 
£55 4J. An agent named Baxter was employed in procuring sub- 
stitutes. When the war lingered on and men became scarce Govern- 
ment gave high bounties to those who would enlist. Two men here 
received £5 apiece for enlisting. The wives and families of men 
with the Army were often left in great distress and were * passed ' on 
from parish to parish until they reached their own homes. One 
year seven women and forty-seven children were thus relieved in Kid- 
lington, and in Bristol the Magistrates apprehended, as a vagrant, the 
wife of a soldier in Colonel Hicke's regiment which had just left the 
town. She was found to be the daughter of Mr. Jarvis of Kidlington, 
and was 'passed* home with her two children. It was not until 1821 
that the Militia was disbanded. The memory of the panic which 
fell upon the country at the name of Napoleon is preserved to us 
in the name of * Tower Hill.' Here was one of the towers erected 
for the object of telegraphing from one to another, by means of 
beacon fires, when the enemy might land upon the coast. The 
next tower to this stood on Wytham hill, overlooking Ensham. Thus 
was kept up to late times the old Border custom- of the North, of 
signalling by fire from town to town. With the sorrows of war the 
people shared in the glory and rejoicing when news arrived of a great 
victory, the church bells rang out and thanksgiving was made by the 
country. The accounts of a merry peal 

' On account of the taking of Cape Breton and Cherbourgh : of the 
Allied Armies beating the French in Germaiiy ; when the French fleet was 
defeated by Earl How ; for Admiral Jarvis* victory and a Thanksgiving 
Day for Peace.' 

Muffled peals also told of sorrowful events. 

* A mourning peel for the loss of the brave Admiral Nelson.' * A dumb 
peel for Princess Charlotte.' 



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POPULAR AFFAIRS. ^6^ 

The war being ended the attention of the people was turned to 
regulating their own affairs. The Rev. Mr. Field *, who was Curate 
early in the present century, made a study of the matter and recorded 
his conclusions in the Register Book. He sums up the various in- 
fluences which aflfected the population from decade to decade under 
the seven quaint headings of 'War, Epidemics, Parish Houses, 
Boarding Schools, Charity School, Inclosures and Baby Linen.' 
Glancing cursorily at these subjects we will follow up the village 
aflfairs. In the first decade of the century war was only present 
in the form of the Militia, which, owing to the draught of men kept 
the census below its natural figure ; which remark may also be applied 
to the following ten years, during which time it only amounted to 736 
souls. Notwithstanding this low number it was found advisable to 
erect more cottages for the Industrious Poor, and it was agreed by 
a Vestry to raise suflScient money to build ten new houses. For 
this purpose £40 was borrowed from the Old Club, and £100 was 
advanced by Mr. Hall, then tenant of the Rectory Farm. In 1802 
there were forty-six persons receiving parish relief, and probably ensuing 
from the general distress and consequent abuse, it was found necessary 
to publish printed handbills against the practice of * leazing,* in other 
counties called gleaning. Efforts were made to keep the men oflf the 
rates by the system of going the 'Rounds,' that is to say, a man 
out of work was kept in turn by the farmers and passed on from 
one to another, receiving is, a day from the parish. Smallpox is 
frequendy mentioned, and patients were taken to a *Pest House' 
at Cassington, and it is not until 1816 that the parish took public 
notice of the system of Innoculation. 

The third decade was marked by a large increase in the population, 
owing partly to men returning from the Militia, partly from labourers 
being brought in to assist in the Enclosure, and partly from several 
boarding-schools being established in the village. Two schools kept 
by the Allen family', opposite each other in Church End, were 

* Mr. Field was curate here in 1827, appointed Bishop of Newfoundland in 

he and Mr. Arrowsmith, who sncceeded 1844. A collection amounting to ^29 

him, ransacked and sorted the parish was made for him in this church. His 

papers, and provided a chest for their arms are in the south window of the 

reception. The previous neglect will chancel, 1831, see p. 58. 

account for the defects in the Register ' The Allen family had been long 

and the paucity of old documents, no settled here. In their marriage licenses 

Churchwarden's books exist prior to they are styled * Cordwaincrs.* One of 

1 754, and no remaining accounts of them was owner of Park farm, and one. 

Briefs or Mortuaries. Mr. Field was Job, parish clerk. 



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l68 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

respectively for boys and girls, and accommodated loo boarders. 
Besides these there was the Training College for young women, 
belonging to the amalgamated Dioceses of Gloucester and Oxford. 
(They moved later on to Cheltenham under the management of Mrs. 
Hobart) Miss Hanwell had also a respectable school in Black Horse 
Lane, which took ten or twelve pupils. The enclosure of Klidlmgton 
and Thrup was completed and the Award signed in 182 1. As 
more room was still wanted for the increase in population, the Village 
Workhouse was enlarged, and the Overseers gave a lease of the old 
worn-out gravel-pits near the present railway station, to certain men 
who undertook to pay a yearly rent of is, a year for 21 years, build 
their own houses, and after that term pay dd, a week upon each 
cottage erected. 

The census was now 1153. The next twenty years were years 
of depression. The boarding-schools declined to half their former 
number, the stranger workmen went away, cheap schools and badly 
administered poor law and a plentiful supply of baby linen, according 
to Mr. Field, brought about a great amount of poverty. Sickness 
prevailed, smallpox and a low typhus fever, which was not checked 
until, in 1843, ^^^ open ditches* running down the village were 
covered over. 

Coal was at this time brought by the canal and sold to the poor 
by the Overseers at the rate of \od. the cwt., \d, being charged for 
weighing it. The old parish coal-house stood with a group of 
six cottages upon the site in Chtu-ch End marked 186. 

After the destruction of timber during the civil war the country 
people were put to great straits for fuel, before the opening of the 
canal afforded an easier mode of carriage. Dr. Plot, who wrote in 
Charles II's reign, tells us — 

' that the scarcity of firing has induced some people to burn a sort of black 
substance, of a grain something like rotton wood half burnt and called 
Lignum fossile ... it consumes but slowly and sends forth very unpleasant 
fumes ; it is found in a pit or quarry called Langford Pitts in the parish of 
Kidlington not far from Thrupi about 18 foot deep under the rock, where 
it lies in a bed about four inches thick.' 

He goes on to account for its existence in this quaint manner — 

*• As for Lignum fossile it is thought to be originally a cretaceous earth, 
turned to what it is by subterraneous heats, which probably at Kidlington 

^ The ditch down the village street apathy had spoilt all, and a stagnant 
had OQce been a bright running stream ditch and ponds were the result, 
spanned with cut stones. Neglect and 



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POPULAR AFFAIRS. 169 

may indeed be very great, because reflected by the quarry about it, for that 
it was never wood, notwithstanding its specious and outward likeness, is 
plain, from its never being found with roots or boughs or any other signs of 
wood V 



In 1836 the new Woodstock Union was established ; but previous 
to the amalgamation of this parish with others, the Commissioners 
insisted that the debts should be cleared off, and that they should 
present themselves with clean hands. To this end a Vestry was 
called, when the determination was arrived at to sell a certain number 
of the parish houses in order to refund the money borrowed in 
1808 for their erection, and to apply the surplus fund as the parish 
contribution towards the building of the new Union Workhouse. 
Consequently sixteen houses and the old village Poor-house, with two 
small plots of land, were sold*. A special rate was levied to supply 
deficiencies and a sufl&cient sum was raised to repay the money 
borrowed from the Club and from others. The club money was 
paid at the Black Horse Inn to thirty-four surviving members, who 
each received a fraction over £1 pj. each. 



In 1848 the new railway from Oxford to Birmingham was pro- 
jected and land was required for the line. After some litigation a 
rood of land was sold to the Company by the parish, at Langford 
Lane, for the sum of £60, and the proceeds were laid out the follow- 
ing year in improving the footpaths and the pitched ways in the village. 

Little now remains for us to record. Time and changes in the 
way of living have altered the aspect, both morally and physically, 
of our village, since the days in the early part of the present century, 
when we hear of the neighbouring gentry coming to church in six 
carriages ' and four, and when Kidlington yearly sent up to Covent 
Garden Market 6000 dozen apricots. 

* Plot's Nat Hist. Oxfordshire, pub. and half an acre of land. 

1677, p. 65. • The six equipages came respectively 

* The houses sold were : the Work- from Water Eaton, Thrup, Hampden 
house; six cottages and coal house, Manor, Kidlington Manor House, the 
known facetiously as *The Crescent;* old house by the Mill, and Mann's 
three in Moor End ; two in Black Horse house, near the church, called the 
Lane: five adjoining the Workhouse, Mansion. 



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I70 HISTORY OF KIDLTNGTON. 



IL 

An account of the Registers as they were found in the year 1827 
by Edward Field, Curate : — 

' First old Register book contains register of baptisms, marriages, and 
burials. 

The Register of baptisms begins in 1579 and continues to 1653 in- 
clusive. 

The years 1604 to 1609 inclusive are lost, two leaves torn out. 

The Register of marriages begins 1574 to 1651 inclusive. 

The Register of burials begins 1574 to 165 1 inclusive. 

The years 1605 and 1606, 1644 to 1648 are lost, a leaf torn out. 

The second book contains from 1663 to 1738 inclusive and 9 years 
missing in the beginning ; also the years (?) 1668 to 1675. 

No entry of marriages made from 17 13 to 172 1 and the entries for the 
next seven years seem made by some illiterate person. 

The third books begin 1728 to 1812 inclusive. There is an hiatus in 
the burials between this book and the former of three years. 

The fourth book is a printed book for marriages and banns up to Sep., 
1822. 

To the year 1599 all the entries seem made in the same hand. They 
are probably copies of an earlier book, in obedience to the Injunction of 
Elizabeth of 1597.* 

Population of parish taken 27 May, 181 1 — 

' Inhabited houses 142 ; Families 163 ; Families employed in Agriculture 
85 ; Do. in Trade 70 ; Do. in other 8 ; No. of Males 380, Females 356. 
Total number of people 736.* 



Population, 182 1 — 




Kidlington 


938 


Gosford . 


47 


Thrup . 


55 


Water Eaton . 


113 




"53 



The following remarks upon the eflfect produced by enclosing the 
Common lands are from Youngs' Agricultural Survey of Oxford- 
sliire, published 1813*: — 

* In general, rents have been increased by the Enclosure in Oxfordshire, 
reckoned at the first letting nearly double and much more after ten or 
twelve years. A farm at Hampton Poyle belonging to Mr. Knapp, which 

* Gough, Add. Oxf. 188. 



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POPULAR AFFAIRS. 171 

before enclosing lett at £^\*i$ per annum, is now ;^400. The rents are paid 
with more regularity and ease, and beyond all doubt the produce of food 
for man is very greatly increased. They (the clergy) have now in some 
cases two-ninths given of arable land in lieu of Tithe. 

There is very little difference to the Poor, but there is not so much 
pilfering which is much better for their morals, as they never had the 
means of keeping a cow, except where they had cottage commons, the en- 
closure allotments are much better for them and they are on the whole 
much better off for the Enclosure. 

There is a very large Common at Ridlington which feeds 300 cows from 
the 1 6th May to Michaelmas, all by the farmers according to their yard- 
lands and their cottages but restricted by agreement to 3-4ths of the 
rights, that is to turning on 3 cows instead of 4 for 4 common rights, each 
right being for a cow. This cow right letts for a guineas, liable to tithe, 
and have sold for J[fio» 

Campsfield is a sheep common in the same parish with agistment 
shepherds. A man hires common rights and he provides the sheep and 
pens arable land from the 30th March till November, then they go to the 
cow common and the common meadows, buying hay for the depth of 
winter. Both sheep and shepherds are miserably poor, the breed is a 
mixture of long-woolled sheep, Leicester and Cotswold and Berks, many 
black faces. The Cow Common becomes a Horse Common from after 
harvest to the 5th November; then the sheep and cows go into the 
common meadows and stubble. 

Mr. Rowland of Water Eaton on land all round at 63". keeps "many and 
great beasts," he prefers shorthomed Yorkshire cows, Mrs. Rowland 
(sister to Mr. Westcar of Creslow) milking a large number. 

Flax was grown about here for feeding, mixing the seed with pollard. 
Mr. Rowland prefers oxen to horses in the plough and considers a oxen 
equal to one horse and cheaper, 4 oxen will plough as well as 4 horses, 
walk as fast and on the whole have the best of it. An ox worked until 6 
years old will fatten better than another. AU his draught oxen are 
Herefords and will draw anything. 

Mr. Wyatt of Water Eaton breeds sheep with attention and success, his 
ewes are as fat as he can wish them to be and he breeds Leicester tups to 
let out to others. He cultivates Ruta Baga, Sweeds, for sheep and slices 
them up, which he finds very useful. 

Water Eaton is the best grass land in the county and lies under dairy and 
is subject to summer floods. Mr. Rowland has lost ;^5oo of the best hay 
in a single season, either lost or damaged. These meadows are said to have 
lett at 40". an acre 40 years ago ; many are said to lett at ;£ 3.' 



From a Terrier of the Church lands in Kidlington* signed by 
Roger Almont in 1634, we learn the names of the various divisions 
of the parish under the open field system. 

' Terriers, vol. ii. p. 333, in Bodleian libr., Turner's Coll. Oxon, C. 140. 



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172 HISTORY OF KIDLTNCTON. 

1634. * Terrier of the lands belonging to the Vicaridge of Cudlington 
alias Kidlington, as they are now lying in the Field and Parish of Kidlington, 
following : — 

Stadfold Field. 

* Imprimis, one half acre at Stadfold hill abutting on John Treadwell's 
land on the north side and on the land of Henry Kent on the south side. 
Item, one half abutting on John Tred well's land on the E. side and the 
land of John Webb, and on the west side shooting into a headland, Thomas 
Harris now William Cave on the north, and into a Plot of Leas south. 
Item, one half acre Lea abutting on John Tredwell's Lea on the south 
side, and on the Lea of William Springall on the north, and shooting into 
Stadfold Lane. Item, another half acre shooting into Strise hedge abutting 
on a Lea of John Tredwell on the east side, Richard Sanders on the west. 

Fernhill Field. 

* Imprimis, one half acre shooting into Thrup Moore abutting on the 
south side on John Tredwell's land and on the north on the land of 
William fletcher at Birgin's hedge. Item, one half acre shooting into 
Knell Brook abutting on John Tredwell's land on the east side and John 
Hall on the west. Item, one half acre shooting into Oxford way, the other 
end in John Tustean's headland abutting on John Tredwell*s land on the 
south side, Woodhall Streete on the north. Item, one half acre on the top 
of Fernhill abutting on John TredwelFs land on the east side and Mr. 
John Smith on the west, and shooting into a headland of Richard Dods, 
now John Tustean, at the south end. Item, one half acre at Winter Well 
abutting on the east side on John TredwelPs land, and William fletcher 
on the west and shooting into a fforeshuter of the Parsonage at the north 
end. Item, one other half acre at Winter Well abutting on John Tred- 
weirs land on the south side and William Springall on the north, and 
shooting into Thrup Moor at the east end. 

Old Hardwick Field. 

'Imp. one half acre shooting into Oxford way at the east end, abutting 
on John Tredwell's land on the south side, and Mr. John Smith north. 
Item, one half acre shooting into Hardwick Slad abutting on the west side 
on John Tredwell's land and John Saunders east, shooting into Phelp's 
headland south. 

Cleyfield. 

' Imprimis, one half acre at ffenns flirsen abutting on John Treadwell's 
land on the south side and Lewis Pison north, and shooting into a headland 
of Thomas HoUoway, now Mr. John Smith, at the west end. Item, one 
half acre abutting on John TredwelFs land on the south side and Walter 
Allen north, shooting into a headland of the Parsonage the one and the 
other end into (forty acres. 



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POPULAR AFFAIRS. 173 

CopTHORNK Field. 

* Imp. one half acre at the Vicaridge bush abutting on John Tred well's 
land on the east side and John Hall west, and shooting into a headland of 
John fford's at the north end, the other end into Ffemhill. Item, one 
half acre at Burnt Crosse abutting on John Tredwell on the south side, 
"Walter Allen north, shooting the one end into Oxford way the other end 
into the Wood way. Item, one half acre into ffenns ffirsen abutting on 
John TredwelPs land on the south side, John fford on the north. Item, 
one half acre shooting into Springall's headland at the south end, being in 
the Sandy Furlong so called, abutting on John Tred well's headland on the 
east side, John Goodson west, shooting upon a headland late Robert 
Milwood now Thomas Teasleare at the north end. Item, one half acre at 
Copthome Bush abutting on the south side on John Tredwell's land, 
Richard Heyn north, shooting into a headland of William Dods at the west 
end and the other end abutting into another land of Will. Dods at the east 
end. Item, one half acre at Lower Slad abutting on John Tredwell's land 
on the south side, north shooting into a headland of William Springall at 
the west end and abutting at the east end upon a land of the Parsonage. 
Item, one half acre in the Watery Furlong abutting on John Tredwell's 
land on the south side, Walter Allen north, shooting a headland of William 
Springall at the west end, the other end shooting into Saimder's headland, 
at the east end Richard Humphreys. 

Wheatdjgton Field. 

* Imp. in Durthfield one half acre abutting on John Tredwell's land on 
the east side, William Dod west, and shooting into a foreshuter of Martyn 
May on the south end. Item, one half acre shooting into Shipton Slad 
upon a headhmd of Mr. Smith abutting on John Tredwell's land on the 
east side. Item, one land yard in Staple Furlong abutting on a yard of 
John Tredwell's on the east side, John flforty west, shooting into Raye's 
headland at the north end. Item, one other half acre shooting into Ray's 
headland in Staple Furlong, abutting on John Tredwell on the east side, 
Walter Allen on the west. Item, one half acre shooting into Mr. Brent's 
headland, the other end into Salt Street way abutting on John Tredwell on 
the east side, the Parsonage west. 

Choare Field. 

' Imp. one half acre shooting into Thrup Moore abutting on John 
Tredwell's land of the south side, Tredwell lying next a meare on the 
south. Item, one half acre abutting on John Tredwell's land on the south 
side, the one end shooting into Thrup Moore, the other end into the land 
of Michael Webb on the east end, William Dod on the north side. 

The Home Field. 

' Imp. one half acre at Standhill shooting into Oxford way, in Thrup 
hurst the other end, and shooting into Robert Saunders' headland abutting 
on John Tredwell's land on the south side, William SpringaU on the north. 



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174 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

Item, one half acre in Enstone's Croft abutting on John Tredwell's land 
on the south side, Springall north, shooting upon a land sometimes John 
Dod at the west end, now Robert May. Item, one half acre in Tulcott 
abutting on John Tredwell's headland on the west side, Martin May on the 
east. Item, one half acre at Stone Pitt abutting on John TredweU on the 
east side, Mr. John Smith west, shooting upon a land of Robert May. 
Item, one half acre at Moore Sharde ^ abutting on John Tredwell on the 
east side, John Hall on the west Item, one half acre in Alescroft abutting 
on John Tredwell on the east and Walter Allen on the west, the one end 
shooting upon the Common called Crow March, the other end upon the 
river of Charwell. Item, one half acre in Chaneham abutting on John 
Tredwell on the east, Mr. John Dew on the west Item, one leas at 
Thrup Stile, John Tredwell on the east, Woodhall Streete on the west. 
The Meadow Ground. 

In Thrup mead seven yards and the Tithe acre. 

In Canhame three yards and a swath. 

Signed, Roger Allmont 

Church Wardens \ J°^" '^^^^ , 
( Edward HoUoway.' 

From these names we may draw suflBcient evidence to show that 
there had been anciently a settlement along the * Salt Street,' Hard- 
wick, Burnt Cross, Staple Furlong, Durthill, which may have been a 
tumulus. This portion of the parish of Kidlington was separated 
from the rest by a wooded belt, which ran along the present canal, 
and which was known as Thrup Hurst 



When bows and arrows were in general use in the English army 
every village was expected to train its young men at the Butts. These 
were situated upon the * Green' close to Stadfield. 



The Enclosure of the Parish of Kidlington. 

The following are the names of those persons who took part in the 
enclosure of the Common lands in the 50th year of George III : — 

* The Duke of Marlborough ; the Bishop of Oxford ; Exeter College ; 
Thos. Nicholls, miller ; Brazen Nose College ; James Long of Yarnton, 
yeoman; John Cooper of Yarnton, yeoman; Queen's College; John 
Bellinger of New Woodstock, coach master : John Hanwell, baker ; John 
Bush, late of Burcot, and now of Whateley, Esq.; Richard Bourne 
Charlett of Elmsley Castle, co. Worcester, Esq.; Adam Bellinger, 
yeoman ; William Bully of Oxford, innholder ; Anne Morrell of Oxford, 

' * Sharde * an opening in a wood. HalliwelVs Diet. 



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POPULAR AFFAIRS. 1/5 

widow ; Henry John North of New Woodstock, Gent. ; Henry Knapp of 
Northcourt, Berks, Gent. ; William Butler, Grent. ; John Sawyer of Hey- 
wood Lodge, co. Berks, Esq. ; John Smith, yeoman ; Mary Wild, 
widow ; Elizabeth Leonard of Thrup, widow ; Thomas Wren, wheel- 
wright ; William Scroggs, carpenter ; M erton College ; Rev. John Light- 
foot, curate of St. Peter's in the East ; Rev. Francis Rowden, curate of 
HolywelP.' 

The owner of the old Manor House, William Bully, wj 
two pieces of ground in Kidlington Green, marked 50 and 2 
map, in lieu of manorial rights. There is no further menti 
such rights with any other person in Kidlington. 

The parish had been partially enclosed 400 years ago, 
told of fifty-three newly-made closes in the settlement of the 
Water Eaton was enclosed long ago, but Thrup and the m 
Gosford were included with Kidlington. 

Twenty-four private roads were made at this time. 

^ From the Enclosure Award and Map in the Church Chest 



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CHAPTER XIII. 

CUTSLOWE OR CODESLAWE. 

CuTSLOWE is an extra parochial district lying between Water Eaton 
and Summertown, between the Cherwell and the Oxford high road 
to Banbury. 

In Domesday survey it is mentioned in two separate entries which 
probably represent the two farms into which it is still divided. The 
first— 

* Siward holds of the Canons of St. Frideswide two hides of land in 
Codeslawe. There is land for two ploughs. It was and is worth 40". It 
has always belonged to the Church.' 

This entry refers to the land given by King Ethelred the Unready 
to St Frideswides, and still held by their representatives the Dean 
and Canons of Christ Church. 

In 1002, upon St. Brice's day, 13th November, the church of 
St. Frideswide was burnt by the Danes, for which accident King 
Ethelred was sorely grieved, and two years later, in the 25th year 
of his Empire as he expresses it, upon the 7 th December at his palace 
at Headington, gave the Canons a charter of restoration in which 
the limits of Cutslow are defined as follows : — 

Mimites manerii de Cudeslawe, Thare beth li hide londymere into 
Cudeslawe. Crest of portstrete into Trilliwelle, fro the welle into rithe ; 
fro the rithe into Byschopsmore ; fro the more into Wynelslad into the 
slade, into the slade into WyneleshuU ; fro the hull on hyme \' 

II22. This year Henry I gave or more probably confirmed the 
former gift of two hides of lands to St. Frideswide's, in Codeslawe 
' et totum locum qui dicitur Beneseye V 

* *CodexDiplomaticus,' J.M.Kemble, * Wood-Clark, vol. iL p. 149. 
No. 701, vol. iii. p. 339. 



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CUTSLOW OR CODESLAWE. 177 

The second entry in Domesday Book : — 

*Alured the clerk holds of Roger d'lveri, Codelawe: There are three 
hides. There is land for three ploughs ; now in the Demesne there are 
two ploughs. It was worth 3 lbs. now 4 lbs.* ' 

This is probably the land given to Osney as recorded in the Great 
Charter of Robert d'Oiley— 

' et tres hydas terrae in Cudelaw cum omnibus hominibus, decimis et aliis 
pertinentibus V 

The second farm at Cutslow may represent this land, which, since 
the suppression of Osney, has been the property of ' King's College,' 
and other owners. 

Godstow Abbey at the tin;e of its foundation also received the 
tithes of all that Walter the Archdeacon possessed in Codelow. 

The reason why this township is not now included in any parish 
is explained by Rawlinson in one of his manuscripts. He says — 

* In the large Register of St Frid's the charter of KingEthelred is found 
and the limits of the land belonging to the Priory. ... In the 15*^ year of 
King Edward 3'^ the Church of St. Edward in Oxford belonged to St. 
Frid's with all its appurtenances and also that portion of land belonging to 
it in Cudeslowe. The truth is this farm or hamlet was then in St. 
Edward's parish, but on the decay of that church most, if not all, of that 
parish was annexed to the parochial church of St, Frids.* 

The same is also explained by Wood ® — 

* The Church of St. Edward became a Vicarage in 1320 ... . and why 
the Vicar should be allowed soe much (a pension of 1/ a year only issneing 
from him to St. Frideswide's) I cannot tell ; unless it were that certain 
lands in Codeslowe and the chappie of Binsey which belonged to this 
church were found to maintain e a Vicar. For soe in an inquisition I find 
as follows : " Item dicunt quod ecclesia Sancti Edwardi Oxon secundum 
quod intelligunt non taxatur ; ad quam quidem ecclesiam prior St Frides- 
widae Oxon habeat capellam de Bunseye cum pertinentibus et quandam 
portionem terrae in Codeslaw pertinentes *." ' 

Wood goes on to say that the church of St Edward having fallen 
into ruin was pulled down and its parish translated to the churches 
of All Saints and St. Aldate's, both of which belonged to St 
Frideswide*s. 

* Vol. i. p. 159, Domesday. * Ibid. vol. ii. pp. 57, 58. 
« Wood-Clark, vol. ii. p. 191, and * 15 Ed. I, 1341. 

Chartulary of Osney, p. 38. 

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178 HISTORY OF KIDLINCTON. 

In one account of Water Eaton it is stated that d'Oiley gave the 
mill in that place to St Frideswide's, and in a quarrel which ensued 
between the Abbot of Osney and Simon the Prior, it was agreed to 
pay tithes to Osney Abbey as an acknowledgment for the rights of 
the mill servants to attend the church in Kidlington. In the Valor 
Ecclesiasticus 

' the issue of the pasture called Cuddyslowe, with two little meadows to the 
same belonging/ 

is especially mentioned in the list of the Abbey property, and it 
was at that time let to John Dennet the bailiflf for the Abbey. 

After the dissolution of the monasteries, Henry VIII granted to the 
Commissioners for the new College, then known as the King's college, 
now Christ Church, *all those portions of tithes in Sulthorn .... 
and the manor of Cuddeslowe *.' This was included in the grant to 
Cardinal Wolsey of the site of the suppressed priory of St Frideswide's, 
and a writ was issued to the sheriff of Oxford to deliver the same. 
Soon after the Cardinal made over the manor to John Higden, Dean 
of the College. Thomas Cnmiwell and John Smyth were appointed 
his attorneys to take possession of the premises. 

The land presumably belonging to the Abbot of Osney was sold in 
37th Henry VIII to Richard Andrews ^ Gent, and Ursula his wife 
and their heirs, &c. 1550. After this it was purchased by the 
Mayor and Corporation of Oxford out of the proceeds of a sale of 
plate, Richard Atkinson being then Mayor, and by them let to 
Edward Glynton and Nicholas Todd, and five years later it was sold 
to John Coxhed and John Clerk '. 

'Nov. I. Agreement between Anthony Borne of Sarsden, Esq'®, and 
John Chamberlain and Elizabeth, his wife, of Godstow, both of the co. of 
Oxford, whereby the Chamberlains agree to sell to Borne for ;^i7oo the 
Manor of Cuddeslow purchased by them of Henry and Oliver Coxhead and 
Henry and John Gierke, reserving a rent charge of £so and a 8/ tithes due 
to the Queen, subject to certain conditions, one of which is that if the said 

* Letters Foreign and Domestic, * For sheering sheep at Cuddislowe, 
Hen. 8th, vol. v. p. 587 : — 27 May, 2s, $k/.' 

* Grant to Henry 8th*s College in the ' Query whether this is Richard 
hands of Tnutees of the Manor of Andrews of Hayles, co. Gloucester, 
Cuddeslowe, by the King, 24th Hen. who bought the site ot the Black Friars 
8th.' 1530. in Oxford, A.D. 1544. Wood-Clark, 

Vol. iv. Pars. 3, p. 3065. Book of vol. ii. p. 325. 

Expenses of Cardinal's College : — ' Turner's Records of the City of 

* For hedges made at Cuddislowe, Oxford, pp. 202, 208, 232. 
23rd March, i6d* 



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CUTS LOW OR CODESLAWE. 179 

Elizabeth do not give a release of her title before Midsummer, ;£ioo a 
year is to be paid in lieu thereof, besides discharge of the rent ^' 

The next owner that we meet with is David Walter of Godslow 
and Wolvercote. As this history is not concerned with these villages 
it will not be necessary to pursue his history further than the following 
notices. He belonged to the family of Walter of Sarsden and was 
third son of Chief Justice Sir John Walter who is buried in Wolvercote 
church. David Walter commanded a regiment for the King during 
the civil war. He garrisoned his house at Godstow, and it is said, that 
to prevent it falling into the hands of the Parliamentary troops, the 
house was fired by his order. After the surrender of Oxford he was 
one among the many Royalists who compounded for their estates with 
the Conmiissioners, the particulars of which are as follows*: — 

* David Walter of Godstow, rendered upon Oxford Articles for arms 
against the Parliament, desires to compound upon his own discovery. He 
compounded for merely a tenth being comprised in the Articles of Oxford, 
for an estate he was seized of in Fee and in certain lands in the parish of 
Wolvercote, the manor of Godstow and Cuttslow with the appurtenances 
and a meade called Willy Meade and a small cottage there all in the co. of 
Oxford and a Farme called Drayton Farm in the parish of Eling, at the 
yearly value of ;^437 13 11, and he desires to add to the aforesaid value 
the sum of ^^258 in demesne rents and in old rents ;^ii 3 8.' 

Parcells and possessions of King's College, Oxford. Particulars for 
selling all rents &c. belonging to the Commonwealth of England 
formerly payable to the Crown, dated i6th March, 1649 — 

' and out of the mannor of Cuddestone als Cuddeslowe with Thap . • • . 
sometimes granted to Richard Andrews and Ursula his wife their heirs and 
assigns for ever by Letters Patent of the late King Henry 8 dated the 15*^ 
day of Sep. in the 37 year of his reign, afterwards in the tenure of John 
Cockhead and now or late of David Walter, Esq'% rendering p. ann. xxxiij* 
iij^iobV 

Upon the suite of this we find notice of law proceedings touching 
this property : — 

* Manors of Godstow, Cutslow and Wolvercote, Oxford and the scite of 
the late Monastery of Godstow — Touching rents, &c., received since Mid- 
summer, 1647.' 

' Calendar of Domestic State Papers, Pub. Record Office. 

1566-1579, vol. V. p. 493. * Fee Fann Rents Roll 34, No. 146, 

' Royalist Composition Papers, and Pnb. Record Office, 
series, vol. xxi. p. 378, a. d. 1646. 

N % 



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i8o HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

1651. This was tried at Oxford 26 January, 1 65 1 . Plaintiff, Edmund 
Prideaux, Attorney-General by information; Defendants, William 
Hide, Edward Story,. David Walter and Sir Francis Burdett, Bart, 
Walter's brother-in-law ^ Colonel Walter died in 1697 and was 
buried beside his father in Wolvercot church*. 

The house upon this farm was apparently built in the reign of 
Charles I, for Rawlinson tells us that Sir John Lenthall, Keeper of 
the King's Bench prison, and father to William Lenthall, the Speaker, 
' built a fair stone house here.' Sir John Lenthall had a good estate 
at Blechendon, at the time Rawlinson and his father-in-law, Sir 
Thomas Temple, apparendy rented Water Eaton. A hundred years 
later the arms of Lenthall with their quarterings were still in the 
parlour window. This house was let after the Restoration of the 
King by Colonel Walter to a person named Banister, who was 
accounted a Jew, or at least an anti-sabbatarian. The neighbours taking 
exception to his abstaining from church complained to Su- William 
Morton, the nearest Magistrate. Taking the matter into consider- 
ation Sir William would have taken measures to oblige him to go 
to Kidlington church and so have it thought that he belonged to 
Kidlington, but Banister stoutly refused, saying that ' Cudeslowe was 
in no parish.' 

The end of the matter we are not told. Later on, in the present 
century the question was again discussed in a suit relating to tithes 
due to Exeter College, and it was then ruled that 

* the inhabitants always bury and christen at Wolvercote ; paid no rates to 
Kidlington and no tithes except upon two acres to the Proprietors of 
Water Eaton V 



* Cutislow. South's Charity at Islip. 

* Dr. South conveyed to the Dean and Chapter of Westminster two 
closes in Cutislow — 'The Pryor's Forge' containing 16 acres and the 
' Ram Close ' containing 6 acres ; an enclosure of the open field in 

^ Fortieth Report of the Dep. Keeper Grooms of his Majesty's bedchamber, 

of the Records, p. 15. and sometime Colonel in the King's 

* Hb wife Elizabeth, heiress to Paul, army and High Sheriff of thb county. 
Viscount Bayning, and widow of Francis was brought through Oxon and buried 
Lennard. She was created Countess of at Wolvercote by his father. Sir John 
Sheppy for her life, but died without Walter, 30 April, 1679.' Wood MSS. 
issue. Wood notes : — * The body of F 4, 

David Walter, Esquire, one of the • From Archives of Exeter College. 



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CUTS LOW OR CODESLAWE. i8l 

Wolvercote and Cutslow made in 1833 and leased to Francis Gregory for 
21 years V 

* Islip has at Cutteslow 23 acres and 32 poles.* — South's school '. 

The Mr. Gregory here mentioned was one of the family of the 
name settled at Woodstock. 

In 1754 Henry Howell of Ensham voted in right of land at 
Cutslow, occupied by John Howell. 

* Report of Charity Commissioners, * Dunkin'sPloughleyandBullingdon, 
p. 587. vol. i. p. 279. 



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CHAPTER XIV. 
Marriages in Kidlington. 

1574 Robert Barker and Elizb. Howse. 5 July, 

John Hill and Agnes Jaruishe. 18 Oct. 

Thomas Osborne and Alice Crosse. 33 Sep. 

Christopher Heathe and Joan Saunders. 13 Dec. 
'575 John George and Margerie Kempfer. 4 April. 

John Morman and Alice Halfourde. 27 May. 

John Dewe and Alice Davise. 9 June. 

Arthur Dewe and Margaret Shorle. 3 July. 

Will. Chillingwoorthe and Katherine Lenkencr. 8 Aug. 

1576 John George and Elizabeth Milles. 34 Jan. 
Owen Wakelen and Margaret Prince. 27 Feb. 

1577 John Wiggins and Elizb. Saunders. 4 Oct. 
Wm. Thatcher and Margaret Honnye. 19 Oct. 
John Nicholls and Alice Waille. 28 Oct. 

John Teasler and Joane Dewe. 28 Oct. 

Richard Dodd and Joan Bayley. 24 Jan. 

Nicholas Abraham and Margaret Haworthe. 27 Feby. 

1580 John Coles the elder and Ursula Gomme. 27 Feby. 
Will. Lucas and Agnes Colinge. 7 May, 
Richard Persons and Alice Dodd. 7 May. 

1 58 1 Will. Fortye and Alice Saunders. 15 April. 
John Slatter and Dorethy Springall. 
Sampson Morye and Phillipe Shorle. 17 Sep. 
Richard Latham and Joan Aris. 15 Oct. 

1582 John Hewse and Jane Dewe. 2 Aug. 
Steven Savage and Mary Atkins. 29 Nov. 

Thomas Kente ye younger and Mary Temple. 1st Oct. 
John Turner and Dorethy Savage. 27 Sep. 
Thomas Kente, senior and Alice Allen. 31 Jan. 

1585 Nicholas Saunders and Mary Burgaine. 24 Oct. 
Christofer Coxe and Eliz. Younge. 8 Nov. 
Will. Milward and 11 Feby. 

1586 John Nicholls and Margaret Dennet. 8 Sep. 
Richard Maunsell and Jane Webb. 13 Oct. 
Robert Bland and Ursely Fortye. 31 Oct. 
Will. Gardener and Jane Edwards. 9 Nov. 
Thomas Fortye and Ellen Gadberye. 28 Nov. 
John Lake and Mary Atkins. 29 Dec. 

John Mason and Ellen Wyatt. 16 Jan. 



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MARRIAGES IN KIDLINGTON. 183 

1586 Christofer Dodd and Elizabeth Shorle. 30 Jan. 

1587 Richard Pearsone and Elizb. Fisher. 27 April. 
Edward Ricotts and Alice Richards. 30 July. 
Thomas Morton and Agnes Kente. 2 Nov. 
Edmund Shreve and M aryan Meere. a Nov. 
John Smith and Katherine Twolye. 1 2 Nov. 
Owen Genkins and Eliz. Jones. 15 Jan. 

1588 John Huggins and Ellen Dodd. 26 May. 
Robert Yate and Agnes Snell. 16 May. 
John Lake and Bridgett Howlett. 16 May. 
Thomas Griggs and Alice Hedgeman. 27 May. 
Will. Dewe and Elinor Gorden. 5 Aug. 

John Betterton and Mary Rowlewright 1 2 Sep. 
John Kinge and Joane Preste. 14 Oct. 
Robert Ottelye and Dorethy Harper. 23 Jan. 

1589 Will. Enston and Agnes Teasler. 4 April. 
John Flower and Joane CoUes. 4 April. 
John Nichollsone and Annes Scott. 7 April. 
Thomas Hailles and Agnes Shorle. 4 Aug. 
WilL Winslow and Ellen Brownericke. 1 1 Aug. 
Percefall Parsone and Fillice Shawe. 29 Sep. 
Robert Todmorton and Agnes Dewe. 31 Jan. 
John Askott and Eliz. Bayleye. 3 Feby. 
Henry Whytinge and Ellen Dodd. 9 Feby. 

1590 Steven Fortye and Mary Rose. 16 June. 
Hewghe Wyse and Alice Cooke. 17 Aug. 
John Carter and Christian Gierke. 3 Oct. 
John Abraham and Ursely Gierke. 8 Oct. 
John George and Jane Kinge. 22 Oct. 

Thomas Gilbert and Katherine Silverside. 25 Oct. 

1 591 Robert Col Iman and Alice Weeles. 7 June. 
George Martin and Anne Mayemode. 30 July. 
Will. (Michael ?) Hastings and Eliz. Shawe. 16 Aug. 
Will. Collins and Agnes Terrett. 1 1 Oct. 

John Marchall and Agnes Thruckburowe. 14 Oct 
Roger Astell and Agnes Bayleye. 25 Oct. 
Jacobe Hunte and Prudence Foord. 28 Feby. 
Henry Hill and Joan RipinghalL 28 Oct. 
John Marchall and Bettrice Webb. 18 Feby. 

1592 Roger Burgane and Jane Moore. 6 April. 

1 595 Thomas Bricknell and Joane Ghamberlyne. 8 May. 

Will. Grave and Alice Gilford. 9 May. 

Richard Bishop and Christian Miller. 19 May. 

John Lane and Jane Morrice. 1 6 Oct 

Robert Millward and Alice London, i Dec. 

Raymond Shorle and Eliz. Truelove. 14 Dec. 
1597 Will. Marshe and Luce Monke. 20 June. 



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1 84 HISTORY OF KIDUNGTON. 

1597 Edward Feilde and Mary Henne. 23 May. 
John Fortye and Jane Saunders. 26 June. 
John Browne and Alice Shorle. 4 July. 

John Batchelor and Dorethy Reynolds. 6 Oct. 
Robert Irons and Alice Hapcott. 1 7 Oct. 
Richard Keeper and Alice Willsone. 20 Oct 
Edward Perkins and Mary Gilkes. 7 Nov. 
William Brooke and Joane Dodd. 20 Dec. 
John Teasler and Dorethye Foorde. 27 Feby. 

1598 Richard Humfreye and Eliz. Tayler. 9 May. 
Francis Hopkins and Margaret Medcalfe. 1 1 May. 
Francis Rowe and Katherine Swifte. 6 July. 
Thomas Turner and Ann May. 24 July. 

^1599 Richard Russell and Eliz. Teasler. 18 Aug. 
John Springall and Joane Roberts. 21 Aug. 
John Cosier and Alice Weale. 25 Sep. 
John Neweman and Agnes Dodd. 6 Nov. 
Raphe Hobbes and Alice Boodington. 15 Jan. 
Samson Morye and Joan Ayris. 15 July. 
John Gilbert and Milvise Hollimon. 1 3 Aug. 
John George and Ellin Butler. 15 Oct 
John Winter and Dorethee Thombery, 19 Sep. 
Ambrose Dudley and Joane Hobbines. 16 Nov. 
Thomas Hyde and Ellin Couleman. 10 Dec. 
Wyllyam Castell and Mary Fortye. 10 Dec. 
Richard Twicken and Dorethy Fortye. 20 Jan. 
Richard Bayleyfe and Latis Nurthe. 21 Jan. 

1600 John Foorde and Alice Whitinge. 31 March. 
Thomas Crosse and Edithe Orchard. 2 1 April. 
Robert Wall and Jane Attwood. 17 July. 
Raph Smith and Lettis Smith, i Sep. 
William Wheeler and Alice Linkborrow. 3 Oct. 
John Dewe and Annes Springell. 6 Oct 
Jeffrey Hanky and Margery Potter. 4 Nov. 

John Wyggins and Margaret Atkins, widdow. 22 Dec. 

1 60 1 John Lilie and Isabell Mortimiu*e. i Oct. 
Thomas Morrute and Jane Fortye. 5 Oct. 
William Harris and Katherine Smith. 19 Oct. 
Michael Potter and Jone Walker. 29 Oct 
Henrie Thomas and Ann Henne. 29 Oct. 

1602 John Wrench and Ann Dewe. 15 April. 
John Halloway and Katherine Doe. 21 June. 
Benedict Painter and Edith Bumham. 13 June. 
Edward Matkins (?) and Marie Kent. 17 June. 
John Barnes and Annie Irons. 10 Aug. 

' Down to this year all the entries seem to be made in the same hand. 



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MARRIAGES IN KIDLINGTON. 185 

1602 Thomas Shurte and Isabell Snowe. i8 Nov. 
Richard Smarte and Marian Lardner. 10 Oct. 
Lawrence Butt and Margaret Bricknill. 17 Jan. 
Mr. Edward Clarke and Susanna Temple. 2 8 Feby. 
Christopher Fortie and Amye Barke. 

1603 Richard Dennet and Eliz. Johnson. 2 May. 
Christopher Washington and Joane Halls. 5 May. 
Richard Prinet and Dorethy Minister. 16 May. 
Richard Yeatman and Mary Gookes. 13 Oct. 
Thomas Stone and Joane Home. 6 Oct. 
Richard Truelocke and Ann Wiggins. 24 Oct. 
Richard Heynes and Mary Sessions. 22 Jan. 
Benjamie Benthan and Martha Hankie. 20 Feb. 

1604 John Baylis and Annis Webb. 16 April. 
Richard Gilkes and Grace Ann. 29 April. 
Bartholomew Temple and Alice Barholomew. 11 Oct. 
Thomas Coles and Joane Burgaine. 4 Nov. 

John Morris and Priscilla Heath. 29 Oct. 
William Bayly and Ann Shurle. 15 Nov. 
Daniel Stevens and Grace Burrall. 15 Nov. 
Henry Forest and Ann Burray. 18 Nov. 
William Smith and Jane Cherynten. 24 Nov. 

1606 Christopher Bayley and Ann Whitington. 16 June. 
William Thettcher and . . . Kinge. 18 July. 
William Abat and Elizab. Alienes. 18 Aug. 

1607 Lewes Shepherd and Dorothei Brukes. 
Nicholas Glover and Ann Wells. 2 June. 
Ralphe Stiles and Margaret Coles. 20 Sept. 
John Heathe and Jhan Miller. 21 Sep. 
Richard Frankline and Alles Alsburiecke. 26 Nov. 

1608 Richard Stanford and Ann Saverie. 20 Jan. 
Edward Treadwell and Katherine Spilsberie. 13 Jan. 
William Hutes and Als Firson. 4 Feb. 

William Stephens and Marie Waldereth. 26 May. 
John Cooke and Marie Shew. 7 July (?). 
John Davies and Joane Wiggins, ic Sept. 
Robert Buckland and Agnes Kersey. 3 Oct. 

1609 Harri Teasler and Agnes Fell. 24 June. 

Mr. Will. Hollimon and Mrs. Joice Fox. 4 Sept. 
Thomas Butchur and Annie Saunders. 16 Oct. 
Will. Marsh and Jone Dokins. 4 Dec. 
Edward .... and Ellen .... 

1 6 10 Robert Weale and Jone Do. 30 April. 
Richard Han well and Elizabeth. 5 May. 
Francis Fawckner and Alice Sprat le. 26 Nov. 

161 1 William Young and Eliz. Enstone. 15 April. 
John Denison and Mrs. Saunders. 21 April. 



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1 86 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

1611 Richard Dokynge and Margaret Phillipe. 4 May. 
Wm. Rowland and Alice Ward. 24 June. 
Christopher Savage and Margaret Catford. 7 July. 
Griffin Holton and Katherine Harris. 18 Aug. 
Richard Soper and Mrs. Folons(?). 16 Sep. 
George Dore and Alice Hayles. 7 Oct. 
Anthony Crosse and Alice Heath. 30 Nov. 
Richard Sea word and Susanna Wainwright. 21 Oct. 
Richard Harris and Jone Do. 28 Oct. 

Rafe Galloway and Margerie Symes. 3 Nov. 
Richard Wells and Margerie Quensh. 1 3 Jan. 
John Clifton and Alice Bue. 20 Jan. 
Nicholas Kent and Elen Draper. 26 Jan. 
Christopher Whytinge and Agnes Harum. 30 Jan. 

1 61 2 Robert Wele and Susan Kent. 20 Aug. 

Thomas Wele and Margaret Ricke or Riche. 20 Aug. 
Willi. Lambe and Alice Cook. 6 Oct. 
John Tesler and Elizabeth May. 4 Feb. 

1613 Anthony Robinson and Susan Profit. 20 Sep. 
John Bricknell and Agnes House. 20 Sep. 
George Noble and Eliz. Tnibthow. i Nov. 
John Fortescue and Agnes Greenwood. 29 Nov. 
Richard Howse and Alice Cox. 17 Jan. 

John Buckingham and Ann Carpenter. 10 Feby. 

1 61 4 Robert Wordsworth and Joan Holton. 7 July. 
John Surlocke and Barbara Dickens. 7 Nov. 

1 61 5 John Carter and Elena Saunders. 4 May. 
James Wadler and Eliz. Cook. 8 May. 

John Surlocke and Joan Thombury. 27 June. 

Thomas Carter and Jane Barker. 16 July. 

Robert Robyns and Alice BulL 26 July. 

George Clare and Elizabeth Buma. 19 Oct. 

Ralph Saunders and Joan House. 27 Nov. 

Robert Horseman and Agnes Butye. 1 1 Dec. 

Mr. Willian Ranes of Dunsetewe and Margaret Hill. 8 Jan. 

1616 Richard Young and Katem Waren. 30 May. 
John Young and Jane Hanwell. 7 Sep. 
William Brown and Marie Bringfield. 2 1 Oct. 
John Sparrowhawk and Margaret Hunslo. 18 Oct. 
Nichohis Burgin and Alee Gibson. 20 Jan. 
William Hatsom (?) and Dorethy Trubthow. 23 Jan. 
Thomas Westle and Ann Fletcher. 20 Feby. 

1 61 7 Simon Blay and Elizabeth Hay. 25 Aug. 
Abraham Edwarde and Dorethy Churley. 20 Oct. 
Solomon Andros and Ann Do. 24 Jan. 
Thomas Kent and Susanna Gadbury. 8 Feby. 
Henry Phipps and Judith Tustain. Last day of 16 17. 



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MARRIAGES IN KIDLINGTON. 187 

1618 Thomas Hugins and Ursly Walker. 8 Oct. 
Edward Shard and Agnes Radford. 14 Jan. 

16 1 9 John Homes and Zara Burgin. i May. 
Ethelbert and Agnes Dodd. 20 June. 

ftilke ap fook alias Bevance and Margaret Butchur. 16 Sep. 
Thomas Giles and Jane Hore. 5 Nov. 

1620 Richard Henne and Alice Glover. 3 July. 
William Astwell and Phillippe Sauilders. 31 July. 
WiU Hunt and Agnes Wild. 16 Nov. 

Thomas Shepheard and Ann Batchelor. 23 Nov. 
Henry Kent and Elizabeth Tesler. 27 Nov. 
Richard Pydington and Marcilla Young. 15 Jan. 
Joseph Cooper and Marie Cave. 14 Jan. 

162 1 Ralph Hobbs and Catherine Harris. 9 April. 
Richard Clerke and Marie Johnson. 30 April. 
Griffin Holton and Grace Stevens. 6 May. 
Phillipe Doe and Johan Hatton. 27 July. 
Thomas Breakspeare and Alee Hobbs. 7 Oct. 
Thomas Hayles and Margaret Brookes. 12 Aug. 

1622 Alline Pime and Franc Goufe. 21 April. 
Will Rash and Ales Worsdworth. 6 May. 
Will Harding and Ann HoUoway. 5 Dec. 
Thomas Slatford and Davill Dewe. June. 
Ambrose Sandars and Frances fflye. 2 July. 
John Bumame and Annes Dome. 22 Sept. 
John Kent and Joan Annesley. 23 Nov. 
Harrie Tomes and Johan Cowbridge. 30 Nov. 
John May and Athalia Robertson, i Jan. 
Trustram Clemence and Cat. Dawson. 16 Feby. 

1624 Richard Wilson and Julian Collingbourne. 8 Aug. 

1625 Richard Standilow and Marie Fielc^ 11 Sep. 
Anthony Powell and Bridget Wiggby. 10 Oct. 
Fran (?) Humphreys and Ann Hoosyer. 10 Oct. 
Ralph Howse and Ellen Abbott. 13 Nov. 
Thooias Carter and Mary . . rars (?). 4 Feby. 

1626 Will Flower and Eliz White, travellers. 25 July. 
John Godfrey and Matha Bowells. 25 Sept. 
John Treadwell and Mary Webbster. 5 Oct. 
Thomas Wood and Joane . . bram (?). 31 Dec. 
Thomas Kingson and Alic Carter. 20 Jan. 
Thomas Wordsworth and Mary Humphreys. 5 Feby. 

1627 Daniel Sandars and Ann Whytinge. 7 June. 
John Dod and Mary Fortie. 7 Sept. 

John Dorwood and Amye Dome. 7 Oct. 
Christopher Bay ley and Paraell Irons. 15 Oct. 

1628 John Durrome and Margaret Morley. 24 June. 
John Nevell and Alice Kingson. 21 July. 



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1 88 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

1628 Edward Browne and Alice Gardner. 2 Oct 
John Hitchcock and Amy Sanders. 9 Oct. 
John Forde and Alice Sanders. 20 Oct. 

Richard Prideaux minister of this Parish of Kidlington and Ann 
Streete the dau. of Edward Streete, gentleman, were married. 
William Dod and Johane Bandars. 
Thomas Sandars and Johane Dod. 
Ralphe Smith and Margaret Rey. 

These four couple all married, 27 Nov., 1628. 

1629 Richard Bath and Elizabeth Cosier. Feby. 18. 
John Tredwell and Eliz. Bellcher. 13 July. 
George Bellers and Millicent Tarry. Sep. 
Humphrey Hammon and Eliz. Holder. 1 8 Oct. 
Arthur Haukins and Marian Patricks. 18 Oct. 
Richard Lamb and Joane Wild. 15 Nov. 
John Hofiman and Ann Doe. 28 Nov. 

1630 Henrie Wrench and Joane Alline. ai May. 

Will Ironmonger and Margaret Whetstone. 18 July. 
David Stratton and Franc Holder. 17 March. 
Robert Collier and Johane Whiteman (?). 10 Dec. 
John Webb and Margaret Wild. 8 Aug. 

1631 Henrie Dicks and Judith Elmes. 12 Oct. 
Thomas Ranee and Eliz. Bayley. 6 Nov. 
Ethelbert Dod and Dorethie Springall. 23 Jan. 

1632 William Bayley and Margaret Dennett. 21 April. 
John Maynerd and Ann TredwelL 4 Oct. 
Thpmas Haukins and Ann Belcher. 7 Feby. 

1633 Wili. Bramsgrave and Margaret Hebome. 29 April. 
Thomas Alline and EUiner Parkins, i Aug. 
Thomas Plovir and Alidl Whickinges. 15 Jan. 
Richard Drinkwater and Edith Thomberrie. 30 Jan. 

1634 Richard Mould and Ann Adams. 24 June. 
Robert Briningime and Kat. Nevell. Nov. 

1635 Will Parson and Ann Cottrell. 25 April. 
William Bayley and Grace Hutt 4 July. 
Thomas Berry and Ellen Springall. 2 1 Jan. 
John Allen and Eliz. Parkins. 14 Feby. 
Robert James and AlUce Allen. 14 Feby. 

Thomas Kreake or Kreale and Eliz. Bayley. 14 Feby. 

1636 Richard Franklin and Kat. Bennett 8 May. 
Thomas Home and Johanne Busbye. 4 July. 
Thomas Stiles and Marie Tomes. 28 July. 
Matthew Browne and Eliz. Bridgwater. 6 Oct. 
Robert Home and Johanne Dewe. 13 Oct. 
Nicholas Morrish and Eliz. Follinge. 17 Nov. 
Stephen Putlock and Ellen Young. 16 Dec. 



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MARRIAGES IN KIDLINGTON. 189 

1637 Robert Cave and Margerie Maynard. 27 April. 
John Kibb and Thamar Didcock. 24 June. 
Thomas Giles and Alice Maynard. 24 July. 
John Fortie and Ann Forde. 28 Aug. 

John Conye and Elizabeth Coxe. i Oct. 
Edward Cob and Johane Webb. 19 Oct. 
Thomas Dome and Ellen Brusse. 23 Oct. 
John Hanke and Alice Carter. 6 Nov. 
Henrie Wright and Sibbill Enstone. 25 Jan. 

1638 William Cole and Lucie Heigh, i June. 
Richard Weston and Marianne Martine. 23 July. 
Thomas Winter and Elizabeth Lamby. 15 July. 
William Cobard and Johanne Reeve. 15 July. 

1639 Richard Bayley and Johane Reeve. 9 May. 
John Forde, the elder and Kat. Forest 13 June. 
Edward Bramsgrave and Alice Fortie. 17 June. 
Richard Morlowe and Johanne Forde. 13 Oct. 
George Alline and Alice Surtt. 18 Nov. 

1640 Edward Hutton and Eliz. Tooley. 16 April. 
Thomas West and Ellinor Enstone. 3 May. 
Stephen Nevell and Alice Kingson. 29 June. 
Willi. Millene and Eliz. Streete. 13 Aug. 
James Scotte and Kathcrine Sandars. 24 Aug. 
Symon Lamarder and Ann Buckland. 14 Sep. 
Francis Borne and Elinor (illegible). 17 Sep. 
Robert Berrie and Ann Cooke. 3 Oct. 

John Shurrie and Susanna Dod. 28 Nov. 
John Forde and Ann Pearte. 10 Jan. 

1641 Henry Gilkes and Alice. 21 Sep. 
Nathaniel Falkner and Rose Web. 7 Oct. 

1642 Thomas Creake and Eliz. Hill. 7 April. 
Charles Morgan and Eliz. Treadwell. 28 July. 
Henry Tame and Prudence Coles. 3 Aug. 
Richard Teasler and Margaret Fifield. 10 Oct. 
Wm. Cull and Ann Fortie. 3 Nov. 

John Saunders and Eliz. Forty. 19 Jan. 
John Tailer and Joane Thomas. 21 Jan. 

1648 Thomas Collis and Mary Cox. i Aug. 
John Carter and Johan Bumham. 16 Nov. 
John Paine and Grace Galloway. 23 Nov. 

1649 WiUam Godfrey and Mary Shillingworth. i Aug. 

1650 Richard Young and Anne Webb. 25 Feby. 

1651 William Bayley and Jane Hanwell. 16 Feby. 
Matthew Browne and Anne Augur. 4 March. 
Richard Newman and Alice Prideaux. 21 April. 

These are the whole of the marriages that are legible in the ist 
Book of the Register. 



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I90 HISTORY OF KJDLINGTON. 

1653 Marriages and Banns in 2nd Book of Register. 
Will. Howse and Jane Olive were married 9th Febr. 

The Banns of matrimony between Mr. Christoper Scanderet and 
Joane Bricknell, and between Richard Howse and Hester Cooke 
asked 23rd April, 1654. 

1654 Robert Francis and Ann Dorrat married 22 May. 

The Banns of mat between Richd. Huggins and Jane Shawe asked 
2nd June. 

John Godbesheere, the younger and Ann Sylverside married 24 June. 

A contract of marriage between George Kitteresh and Martha 
Keene, and another between Edward Coles and Kat. Sweatman 
published three Lord's Days and certificates given them ist Oct. 

A contract of marriage between John Williams and Ursula Butler 
being once published in the church was forbidden by John 
Williams' father 1 1 Oct. [This was republished on 24th Dec. 1 655.] 

Richard Silverside and Ann Hall married 4 Oct. 

John Tanner and Anne Smarte. 9 Nov. 

Thomas Bishop and Margaret Best. 23 Oct 

A contract between Will. Enstone and Dorrothy Holloway, and 
another between Nicholas Pert and Ann Web, and another 
between John Syms and Ann Foord published three Lord's 
Dayes. 19 Nov. 

John Watson and Eliz. Flexny married 29 Dec. 

1655 Will. Holland and Eliz. Cooke married 23 April. 

1656 A contract of marriage between John Davies and Ann Cutt three 

Sabbath days published in the church of Kidlington. 28 July. 
1658 Henry Green and old widdow Gold married on 2nd Aug. 

1 66 1 Richard Bartlett and Alice Symonds. 21 Oct. 
Daniel Sandars and Ann Washington. 26 Sep. 

Old Will. Savage (age 78 years) and Margaret Humphries. 3 March. 

1662 William Sawyer and Mary Norris. 20 Jan. 
Thomas Stratton and Eliz. Noble. 27 Nov. 
Robert Wordsworth and Eliz. Buckingham. 19 Jan. 
Richard Morrish and Ellionor Hitchcock. 5 Feb. 

1663 John Galloway and Prudence Bumame. 22 Oct. 

1664 Richard Thatcher and Elionor Tresler. 23 Feb. 

1665 Thomas Toumer, Esqr., of Grays* Inn, and councillor-at-law, and 

Elizabeth Morton, the third daughter of Sir Will. Morton, Knt. 
and Sergt.-at-law. 18 May. 
Thomas Pitnun and Sara Weeb. i Nov. 
Thomas Mileman and Ann Cave. 27 Dec. 
1667 John Hitchcock and Mary Monke. 15 April. 
Henry Right and Anne Harris. 15 April. 

1669 John Gofe and Eliz. Teasler. 23 Sep. 
John Tomkyns and Eliz. Cledone. 4 Oct 

1670 Robert Samson and Cat. Greene. 20 Oct. 

1 67 1 Steven Tounsin and Ann Colls (?). Aug. 20. 



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MARRIAGES IN KIDLINGTON. 191 

1 67 1 Edward Hollo way and Mary Webb. 10 Sep. 
167a Robert Samson and Elizabeth Aires. 20 Nov. 
John Forty and Ruth FuUar. 22 Jan. 

1673 Samuel Howse and Ann Wordsworth. 17 June. 
William Duber and Dorethy Thomas. 8 Dec. 
Richard Nevell and Ann Sandars, widdow. 6 Jan. 

1674 Andrew Goome and Jane Pyme. 6 April 
1676 Richard Thomas and Martha Haynes. 4 June. 

1680 Will. Butler and Ann Sperin. 7 Oct. 
Andrew Allom and Eliz. Huggins. 13 Nov. 
John Potticary and Eliz. Sandars. 15 Nov. 

1 68 1 John Irons and Dorethy Erslon. i Aug. 
Thomas Flood and Jane Chadwell. 18 Oct. 

1682 A. Evans and Joan Savage. Jan. 5. 
Richard Cave and Ann Peart. 9 Oct. 

1683 William Payne and Joan Hank, 7 April. 

1684 Thomas Davis and Ann Hullis. 1 1 Jan. (? June). 
William Young and Jane Cramp. 30 Aug. 

1685 Francis Tayler and Joan Home. 2 Nov. 

1687 Philip Renn and Susanna Garvis. 3 April. 
Henary Watson and Ann BurchilL 10 April. 
Henary Drink water and Ann Hoar. 25 April. 
John Present and Elizabeth Brown. 28 April. 

1688 William Ailing and Margery Weeb. 22 June. 

1689 Robert Johnson and Joyce King. 16 Sep. 
11690 Washington Sodon and Clary Dod. 30 Oct. 

1695 Grifin Davis and Jane Wood. 21 May, 
Ralph Sandars and Ann Simons. 7 Oct. 

1696 John Hupper and Eliner Gardner. 13 Dec. 

1697 Mr. Conant and Mrs. Poocok. 30 Dec. 

1698 Mr. Hayward and Mrs. Mary Smith. 7 Aug. 

1699 Thomas Hill and Mary Morris, i June. 
Edward Dennet and Eliz Forest. 9 Oct. 
Thomas HoUans and Jane Wild. 6 Nov. 

1700 James Sandars and Mary Woodworth. 2 June. 
Mr. Loo and Miss Margaret Smith. 6 Feb. 

1 70 1 Nicholas Peart and Mary Toms. 5 Oct. 
Thomas Hows and Mary Hollans. 20 Oct. 
John Web and Elizabeth Williams. 28 Oct. 

1702 Steven Hankes and Eliz. Howse. 11 May. 

John Bradley of Forest Hill and Jane Howse. 1 3 Sep. 

Benjamin Rolles of parish of Witney and Elizabeth Kersey of parish 

of Kidlington. 22 Oct. 
Robert Derret of p. of Kid. and Mary Wheeler of parish of 

Stanton Harcourt. 31 Dec. 
Richard Washington of Kidlington and Sarah Wheeler of Stanton 

Harcourt. 2 Jan. 



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192 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

1702 Benjamen Doggett and Eliz. Allen. 7 Feb. 

1703 Robert Here of Ainslow Mill and Grace Jones. 22 Ap. 
Edward Goley and Elizabeth Creake both of Kid. 20 May. 
Obadiah Douglasse and Ann Gilder. 10 June. 

Thomas Douglasse and Ann Peart. 10 Oct. 

1704 Thomas Finmore and Deborah Coaley, widow, both of the city of 

Oxford. 23 April. 

1705 Henry Gammage and Mary Foster, widow. 24 June. 
James Bassett and Joane Watson. la Nov. 
William Gary and Sarah Morris both of Kid. 4 Oct. 
Samuel Springer and Ann Forde both of Kid. 31 Dec. 

1706 Thomas White of Deddington and Mary Nevell of Kidlington. 

6 Oct. 

1710 Doctor John Lane of Banbury and Mrs. Elizabeth Williams. 

14 Sept. 
Robert Springall and Isabella Gardner both of Kid. 20 Nov. 
George Robbins of Banbury and Eliz. Edwards of Kid. 30 Nov. 
Gharles Burras of Banbury and Ann Edwards of Kid. 30 Nov. 

171 1 Richard Stevenson of this parish and Mary Almont of Burket in 

p. of Dorchester. 6 Dec. 
171 3 Giles Wainwright and Mary Sommers of Kid. 6 April. 
Nicholas Morris and Anne Wilde. 19 April. 
Mr. James Newlin of Oxford and Mrs. Rebecca Almont of Oxford 
(on the tombstone 'Sevrlami), 20 Aug. 
1 72 1 Henry Drink water and Marget Withers. 25 June. 
John Taplin and Mary Green. 8 Oct. 

1723 Richard Morris and Mary Dolton. 9 May. 

1724 John Luckitt and Margit Dod. 27 April. 
John Bullock and Eliz Sanders. 25 May. 
John Allen and Ann Faulkner. 10 Dec. 

1725 James Ayers and Eliz. Aris. 3 Jan. 

1726 Richard James and Alice Smith. 5 June. 

1727 Steven Putlock and Mary Stevens. 18 Oct. 
Robert Hunt and Elizabeth Smith. 27 Oct. 

John Gordon and 17 Nov. 

Thomas Buckland and Mary Fowles. 1 3 March. 

1728 John Ford and Elizabeth Goodson. 24 July. 
Thomas Smith and Anne Morris. 17 Aug. 

The above are the whole of the marriages legible in the second 
Book of the Register. 

1728 The two last entries repeated. 

1729 Samuel Burks and Ann Washington. 29 Sep. 

1730 Richard Davis, widdower, and Mary Locee. License, 10 Sep. 
Richard Callis of Horton in p. of Beckley and Mary Morris of 

Kidlington. License, 20 Jan. 
Will. Parsons of Sandford near Tew, widdower, and Mary Tyrrel 
of Kidlington. License, 1 8 Feby. 



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MARRIAGES IN KIDLINGTON. 193 

1 73 1 Stephen Putlock and Mary Crafoot, Banns, 20 April. 
Martin Giles and Anne Carry, Banns. 20 April. 
Robert Wadson and Sarah Crafoot, Banns. 18 July. 
Timothy Green and Joan Davis, widow, License. 11 Oct. 
John Biddle and Sarah Baseley, widow, Banns. 6 Jan. 

Sam. Evans of p. of Eynsham and Ann Harman of p. of Kidlington, 
Banns. 2 Feby. 

1732 Thomas Harbut and Elizabeth Davis, Banns. 2 July. 

Henry Chinner of Oddington and Sarah Potipher of Kid., License. 
• 5 Sept. 
John Hulet and Eliz. Smith, Banns. 7 Oct. 
John Camden of North Leigh and Mary Goodson of Kid., License. 

30 Sept 
George Badger widdower, and Eliz. Gibbins, Banns. 6 Jan. 
Will. Gierke and Mary Browne. 5 March. 

1733 John Goodson of Thrupp and Ann Springal of Kid., License. 

16 April. 
Edward Bucknell of the p. of Cunmore and Elizabeth Rupel of 

Kidlington, Banns. 2 Oct. 
Matthew Adams and Jane Morrice, Banns. 4 Oct 
Edward Trulen and Eliz. Soden. 5 July. 
John Corbutt and Mary Durrom. 8 July. 
William Howse and Eliz. Irons. 25 Oct. 

1734 Thomas Soden and Eliz. Dawson, License. 29 May. 
«735 Will. Turrill and Mary Brock, License. 24 May. 

Abel Cogkins of Tackley and Mary Dawson of Kidlington, License. 
13 Aug. 

1736 William Such and Eliz. Day, Banns. 11 Sept 

1737 George Willesdon and Ann Stephens, Banns. 4 July. 
Robert Collier and Elizabeth Lamor, Banns. 29 Aug. 
Henry Morling and Sarah Holmes, Banns. 25 Sept. 
Michael Barrat and Mary Courell, License. 30 Oct. 
John Davis and Jane Hardin, Banns. 29 Nov. 

John Treadwell of Cassington and Sarah Wren, Banns, i Dec. 

1738 At St Clements, Oxford, Robert Rand and Ann Webb, Banns. 

16 April. 
Henry North and Mary Springall, License. 30 April. 
John Cook and Ann Swift, License (by the Parish). 16 May. 
William Such and Mary Wilkes, Banns. 4 Sept. 
Will. Godson and Eliz. Pearman, License. 30 Sept. 
Richard Smith of Begbroke and Eliz. Osborne, License. 25 Nov. 
Robert Dodd and Phillippe Coleman, Banns. 28 Dec. 

1739 Thomas Willims and Hannah Bates, Banns, i Oct. 
John Blizzard and Ann Burgan, Banns. 14 Oct. 
John Tant and Susanna Bowerman, License. 27 Sep. 
Nicholas Morris and Ann Budd, Banns. 22 Oct 

Francis Saunders of Cassington and Eliz. Walker, License. 8 Dec. 



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194 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

1740 Thomas Atkins of Stoke Lyne and Eliz. Day of this Parish, Banns. 

II May. 
Thomas Howse and Mary Saunders, Banns. 13 April. 
Samuel Ricketts and Elizabeth Ellis, License, ai Sep. 
Gilder Duglas and Elizabeth Aires. 29 Sep. 
James Butler of Churchill and Ann Sandal, Banns. 19 Oct. 
William Matthews and Katherine Borstock, Banns. 29 Dec. 

1 741 St. Clements, Oxford, Thomas Cecil and Ann James, Banns. 6 May. 
Richard Jackson and Ann Taplin, Banns. 8 June. 

1742 Christopher Washington and Mary Matthews, Banns. 20 June. 
John Thompson and Jane Toovey, Banns. 23 Oct. 

George Scaresbrook and Hannah Winslowe, License. 16 Nov. 
Charles T (?) of Hampton Poyle and Jane Payne, Banns. 30 Dec. 
Blacknal Carter and Sarah Coles, Banns. 14 Feby. 

1743 Anthony Day and Eliza Herbert, License. lo May. 
Henry Morvin and Katherine Irons, Banns. 30 Oct. 
Richard Mories and Mary Symonds, License. 4 Feby. 

1744 Henry Fennimore and Ann Field, Banns. 28 March. 
Richard Bates and Mary Holt of Waterperry, License. 14 May. 
James Roberts and Mary Wren, License. 17 May. 

George Thornton and Elizabeth Yonge, Banns. 8 Oct. 
James Provost and Eliz. Williams, Banns. 22 Oct. 
John Wells and Martha Morrice, License. 14 Dec. 
Job Treadwell and Mary Graves, Banns. 20 Jan. 
Christopher Holland and Sarah Freeman, License. 25 Feby. 

1745 Richard Willesdon and Ann Freeman, Banns. 31 March. 
Thomas James, of Woodstock, widdower and Elizabeth Payne, 

License, i July. 
Samuel Brockett, of Weston and Eliz. Tant, Banns. 28 July. 
Richard Brown, of Begbroke and Mary Brafoot, Banns. 14 Oct. 
John Gomm and Mary Jones, Banns. 3 March. 
William Tant and Eliz. Timmes, Banns. 3 March. 

1746 John Wren and Anne Slater, Banns. 3 April. 
John Wren and Alice Dawson, Banns. 11 June. 
John Juffe and Eliz. Smith, Banns, i Oct. 
Willi. Keen and Martha Fletcher, Banns. 4 Oct 
Thomas James and Ann Tims, Banns. 3 March. 

1747 Edward Nichols and Ann Coles, License, Exeter College. 23 April. 
Jonathan Famel, of Besselsleigh, and Ann Bailis, License, Exeter 

College. 24 April. 
John Lawrence and Eliz. Hays, Banns. 11 June. 
John Sandars and Alice Mortimer, License, Exeter College. 7 Aug. 

1748 John Floyd and Ann Cecil, Banns. 5 Oct. 

William Clerk and Hannah Rutter, Banns, Exeter College. 16 Nov. 
John Stoptoo and Clara Stocker, Banns, Exeter College. 15 Aug. 
Thomas Payne and Mary Roberts, Banns, Exeter College, i Dec. 

1749 Robert Burgen and Mary Hanwell, License, Exeter College. 9 July. 



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MARRIAGES IN KIDLINGTON. 195 

1749 James Hunt and Ann Wright, Banns, Exeter College. 4 Oct. 
William Allam and Eliz. Kirry, License, Exeter College. ^ 3 Feby. 
Richard Waile and Eliz. Laurence, Banns. 12 March. 

1750 Joseph Meed and Harriot Mann, License. 17 Oct 
John Knowles and Sarah Barrat, License. 18 Nov. 

William Hill and Mary Wiggington, widow, License, Exeter 

College. 5 Jan. 
John Cozier and Mary Wild, License, Exeter College. 16 Feby. 

1 75 1 William Wiggings and Eliz. Piesley, License. 30 May. 
Thomas Han well and Mary Hill, Banns, Exeter College. 14 Oct. 
William Scragg and Alice Coles, Banns. 21 Oct. 

1753 Joseph Green and Mary Baldwin, Banns. 20 Jan. 

1753 George Knapp and Kat. Tyrrell, License. 29 April. 

Richard Taplin and Jane Slater, License, Exeter College. 27 May. 
John Thompson and Ann Scot, Banns. 13 June. 

1754 Thomas Hill and Mary Corbett, Banns, Exeter College. 12 Jan. 
Michael Cnpps and Ann Hanwell, Banns. 21 Jan. 

Philip Hanwell and Mary Woodford, License, Exeter College. 
5 Feby. 

These are the whole of the marriages in the large book of the 
Register, completing the old register books. What follows is the 
ordinary printed form. 



O % 



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THE HISTORY OF 



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THE HISTORY OF YARNTON. 



CHAPTER I. 
I.— Early Secular History of Yarnton. 

Our earliest account of Yarnton begins sixty years before the 
Norman Conquest, when Aylmer, Earl of Cornwall, endowed his new 
foundation, the Benedictine Abbey of Ensham, with lands in Er- 
dington. 

Next in order comes the Domesday account of the parish, as 
follows : — 

* Lands of the Bishop of Lincoln. In the Hundred of Dorchester. 

* Roger de Juri holds of the Bishop Hardintone. This belongs to the 
church of Eglesham. There are ix hides and a half. Arable land ix 
ploughs. Now in Demesne ii ploughs, and xx Villeins with iii cottagers 
having vii ploughs. 

' There are cc acres of meadow less xx and . . . xx acres pasturage. 
' Maino had here one hide, he may go where he pleases. 
*In King Edward's time this place was worth x pounds. Now, with 
fishing and meadows, it is worth xiiii pounds \' 



Lands of the Bishop of Bayeux : — 

* Roger holds half a hide in Hardintone. Arable land i carucate here 
with ii Villeins and i borderer. It was worth x shillings, at present worth 
XX shillings.' 

When the great survey was made Oxfordshire came about fourteenth 
in order among the counties. A reference contained in the body of the 

* Domesday Book, vol. i, pp. 155 ** and 156. 



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MO HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

book proves the time to have been after the death of Queen Matilda, 
which happened on the 2nd Nov. 1083. The mode of proceeding 
was thus : First, to entitle the estate to its owner ; secondly, to specify 
the hundred in which it was contained ; thirdly, to name the tenant 
and specify the place with its former and present value *. 



The Name. 

Originally Eardungtun, a dwelling town. The discovery on this 
spot of so many graves and traces of very ancient inhabitants curiously 
illustrates this meaning. In Domesday the name is written Hard- 
intone. Towards the seventeenth century we find the initial letter 
changed, and the name becomes Yardington, Yarrington, and finally 
Yamton. The initial E is still used to mark the cattle when put out 
to common. The curious parallel case of Erdington near Birmingham 
exists where the pronunciation has softened down to Yarnton. 

Heame walking through the beautiful meadows at Yarnton and 
admiring the fine cattle, quaintly derives the name from the large 
herds feeding there ". 

Towards the dear understandmg of this history it will be advan- 
tageous to make a slight sketch of the Lay Fees of which Yarnton 
was considered to be a member. 

At the time of the Domesday Survey Yarnton was included in the 
Hundred of Dorchester ; the greater part belonged to the Bishop of 
Lincoln ; a lesser portion was said to belong to the Bishop of Bayeux. 
This Bishop, being Lord of Bladon, we may fairly suppose that this 
half hide in Yarnton lay next to that village. 

Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, was brother to the Conqueror, who reposed 
great trust in him and created him Earl of Kent. Besides many large 
estates in various parts of England he possessed thirty-two manors in 
Oxfordshire. During the absence of William in Normandy his 
brother was left viceroy in England, but allowing himself to be 
seduced by the flattery of a fanatic who told him he was likely to be 
made Pope, the bishop abandoned his trust and prepared to go to 
Rome '. For this all his lands were confiscated, and eventually he 
died at Palermo upon a journey to the Holy Land 



> Wliite Kennet, Parochial Ant. ' Dugdale*8 Baronage. 

' Bliss, Life of Heame. 



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EARLY SECULAR HISTORY, 20i 

Roger d'lvry, Lord of Beckley, was the sworn brother in arms 
of Robert d'Oiley and shared his 'Honours' with him, in which 
Yarnton was included. After two generations the Honour of Ivry, 
with a change of owners, changed its name and became the Honom: 
of St Wallery. In the reign of King John, Thomas de St. Wallery 
suffered the confiscation of his lands to the King, owing to his taking 
the part of the French and of the Pope in the matter of the Interdict ^ 
The King placed the barony in charge of a trusty seneschal, Ralph 
de Hareng, and after him Richard, Earl of Cornwall, brother to the 
King, held the same office. 

' Ralph de Hareng.' Two knights* fees in Erdington are in the bands of 
the Lord the King, and Ralph de Hareng holds them in custody for the 
KingV 



Another member of d'Oile/s Fee was Wallingford. This fell by 
marriage to Brian Fitz-Count, who held his casde for the Empress 
Maud. For this cause his lands also fell into the hands of King 
Stephen. This Honour of Wallingford was given by Richard I 
to his brother John shortly before his coronation, and later we find 
the son of John, Richard, Earl of Cornwall, acting as steward for it. 

laag. Finally, about the fifteenth year of Henry III, this King 
endowed his brother Richard ' with these two Baronies of St Wallery 
and Wallingford, and henceforth they both seem to have been 
governed as one and managed by the same stewards, and the names 
used indiflferently. This will also explain why the aflfairs of Thrup 
juxta Cudlington are so frequendy found mixed up with those of 
Yarnton, being brought up for settlement before the Court of Frank 
Pledge in Yarnton. 

Thrup was divided between these two baronies, and, from the 
evidence we possess, we should say arbitrarily. 

In the Hundred Rolls, at page 855, among the possessions of the 
Earl of Cornwall we find Thrup Mill included in the Barony of 
St. Wallery. In another page of the same and also in the Inquisi- 
tiones Post Mortem, Richard II, we are told that Thrup Manor and 
Mill are in the Barony of Wallingford, and the same in many cross 
references. May we then assume that the two titles were used in- 
diiferendy ? 

* loth and nth John, 14th and 15th ' Testa de Nevill, page lao^ 

John, White Kennct. ' August loth, White Kennet 



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aoa HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

The mill on the CherweU, mentioned at page 204 of this history, can 
only be that of Thnip. 



127a. About the first year of Edward I's reign Erdington is said to 
have been withdrawn from the Hundred of Wotton, about twenty-five 
years previously, by Richard, Earl of Cornwall, at the time when the 
ICing had granted him the Honour of St. Wallery. 

When thus separated from Wotton it was called the * Hundred of 
Erdington,' and many references in the 'Hundred Rolls' occur of 
persons being subject to this Hundred : — 

*The Jury of this Hundred declare that the Township of Erdington 
owed suit and service to the King's Hundred of Wotton; that about 
twenty-five years ago it had been already withdrawn by Richard, Earl of 
Cornwall, after the King, his father, bad enfeoffed him with the Honour of 
St. Wallery, and Edmund his son now holds it by an annual loss to the 
King of two shillings, by what warrant they know not \' 



* Earl Richard holds what was the Earl of Dreux', Erdington xvj libr* ".' 
Robert, Earl of Dreux, was husband of the daughter of Thomas 

of St. Wallery. He had livery of all his (Thomas') lands in England 
for her inheritance, but by forfeiture of Robert de Dreux they were 
afterwards given to Richard, Earl of Cornwall, brother to King 
Henry III ». 

The Abbot of Osney, on account of the lands he held at Hampton 
and at Barton Ede, came twice a year to the Court of Frankpledge at 
Yamton. John Brun and Richard de Fretewelle appear to have 
farmed a portion of this Honour and sublet it to other tenants. 
Under the parish of Cassington we find : — 

* John Brun and Richard de Fretewell hold land here from the Earl of 
Cornwall and for the same should come to Erdington to the Court of 
Frankpledge V 

Also at Thrup we find the same parties letting land. 

* Hampton Gay. Abbot of Oseney ... for which he owes suit at the 
Court of Osney and the tenants of the said Abbot come once a year to the 
view of Frankpledge at Erdington V 

* Rotuli Hundrornm, Hund. of Wot- * The Court of 'Frankpledge/ an- 
ion, voL a, p. 34. swered to what is now called the 

* Testa de Nevill, p. 1 20, note c. * County Court.' 

' Baronage, Dogdale, ed. 1675, vol. * Rot. Hand. vol. 2, p. 836. 

iiP-455- 



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EARLY SECULAR HISTORY. 5^03 

Also— 

* Barton Ede — Honour of Wallingford *. 

' The Abbot of Oseney held in above \ vir. land and i cottage and should 
come to the court of Herdington *.* 



'Edmund Earl of Cornwall (son of Richard). 

* Fee of the Honour of Wallingford which during his lifetime he made 
over to Margaret, his wife, in dower. Erdington maner " extent " '.* 



Account of the Manor and list of the people there from the 
Hundred RoUs * :— 

'Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, holds the manor of Erdington from the 
King in " capite " of the Honour of St. Wallery, by what service or by 
what fee we know not. And the same Earl holds in demesne three cam- 
cates of land with meadow and pasture adjoining. And he has a view of 
Frankpledge with the pleas and profits of the same and the right of warren 
of the whole manor, by what warrant they know not. And the manor 
should be represented twice a year at the Hundred of Wotton, but it has 
been withdrawn by Richard, Earl of Cornwall, on what warrant they 
know not.* 

Villains. 

William le Fraunceys holds from the same Earl one virgate of land for 
iiijj, and should work and redeem his children, &c. 

The following all hold the same quantity under the same conditions — 
Agnes le Juvene, Will fils John, Hugh Brid, Cicil Brid, Robert North, 
Ths Theodon, Nicholas le Carpenter, John P'pols, Adam do., Adam Faber, 
Walter Elyne, Richard de Cote, Nicholas de Horspaze, Richard le 
Gardiner, Rad at Med, Will Dun, Will m the Lane, Thomas Gibbard, 
Missont Juvene, Will Pod, Simon le Wyte, Nicholas Walker, John Basse, 
Rad Prepositus, Godfrid Davit, Will ate Grene, Tho Ate Wille, Richard 
Levesone, Matilda la Blunde, Alicia Bovetone. 

Richard Hamundeville holds a third part of the aforesaid township 
which belonged to the aforesaid Honour from John Brun and Richard de 
Fretewelle and the same Richard and John hold from the Earl of Cornwall, 
doing suit and service at the court of North Osney every three weeks and 
the scutage of one Knights' fee. And the same Richard de Mundevile 
holds in demesne three yard-lands. 

The family of AmundeviUe were apparently hereditary stewards to 
the Bishop of Lincoln. Joslin de Amundeville claimed this right 

* Rot. Hand. vol. 2, p. 836. 1399. ^^1. i, p. 163. 

^ Id. p. 865. * Page 855. This list was made about 

'CaL Inq. Post Mort.^ 23 Ed. L the 3rd year of Edward L 



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ao4 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

before the Court of Westminster and was fined twenty marks for the 
same*. 

Villains. 

John Bonserjant holds under the same Richard de Mundevile one yard- 
land in viilenage at will, and one plot of land for pj. per annum, working, 
paying tallage, and redeeming his children at his lord's will. 

The following all hold the same quantity on the same conditions — 
William Henri, John fils Godefride, Matilda relict Rici, Margeria in 
Angulo, Osbert Bugge. 

Cottagers. 

John Piscator holds from the same i cottage as above for xyj^. 

Freemen. 

Richard Athelard holds free one virgate from the same p vj« et vj*. 
Doing the homage and scutage for it. 

John of the Mill holds one third part of a virgate and one Mill and one 
fishery on the banks of the Cherwelle which extends alongside the field of 
Throp, for iiij" — and does the same service. 

Richard de Lyons holds free one acre for xvj* p ann. 

John, son of Philip of Cotes, holds one third part of a virgate for viij* p 
ann. and does service as above. 

The Abbess * of Godstowe holds from the same Earl of the same Honour, 
in pure and perpetual alms. The following hold under her, each one 
virgate, at the will of the abbess : — 

John, son of Adam, William ate the Watter, Juhana relict of Simon, 
Juliana relict of Adam. 

Villains. 

The following men each hold half a virgate of land from the Earl of 
Cornwall for ij" and yj^ pr ann — in viilenage working at the will of their 
Lord. 

Richard de Roluesham, Simon le Webbe, Juliana Chapman, Hugh Ate 
Ford, Mathew Cocus, Tho* Prepositus, Ad Wale. 

Simon Greg holds from the same Earl the croft called ' Fretes Croft ' 
for one mark, on the above terms. 

Cottagers. 

The following hold one cottage each for lo^ p an. upon the usual 
conditions : — 

Agnes relict Clerici, Agnes relict of Walter, Thos Prepositus, Stephen 
ad Portam, Agnes ad Portam, Christian Olbes. 

^ Madox, History of the Exchequer, small annnity at Yarnton, also the 
pp. 303 and 316. meadow called 'Pixie Mead*; see ac- 

' The Abbess of Godstow held a count of Yamton Meadows. 



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THE PROPERTY OF THE CHURCH. 205 

Freemen. 

The following freemen pay their court at Northosney and the usual 
scutage and military service to the Earl of Cornwall for their holdings : — 

Thomas le Fraunkeleyne ij virgates of land free for xij* p an. 

Ralph OppehuUe holds ij virgates for ij" p an. as above. 

Ralph in the Hume holds one free cottage and a acres for ij" vj*, as 
above. 

After the above list was drawn up Yamton ceased to belong to any 
secular power. About the year 1294 the Earl of Cornwall made over 
the manor to his convent of Rewley and henceforth Yamton owed 
neither suit nor service to any court or hundred. 

Under the protection of the Cistercian order the parish was free 
from all the vexations, inquisitions, subsidies, aud collections so 
common at that time, and what was a no less boon to the people 
at large, free from the penalties and inhibitions consequent upon a 
not infrequent state of interdict imposed by the spiritual powers. 
This happy immunity lasted until the destruction of the monasteries 
broke down so many ancient institutions of the land. 



II.— Yarnton the Property of the Church. 

From the earliest records of which we have any notice until the 
year 1536 Yamton is found to have been the appanage of the Church, 
and beyond the short period in which the manor was held by the Earl 
of Cornwall, it never owed allegiance to any secular lord. 

1005. The Benedictine Abbey of Ensham being established, 
Aylmer or Athelmer Earl of Comwall, the founder, endowed it with — 

^ 10 mansions that lay in Erdington which he had obtained by exchange 
with his cousin Godwin, for five mansions of land at Stodley and ten at 
Chesterton*.' 

This gift included the mill at Cassington. 

1070. Thus it remained until the Norman Bishop of Dorchester, 
Remigius, being one of the Commissioners for making the Domesday 
Survey, had his own name entered in the book as owner of 
Yamton". At that time the lands of the Ensham monastery had 

» Wood E and F 21. Dug. M. Ang. • White Kennet. 

vol. 3, pp. I and la. 



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ao6 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

been devastated by the Danes, and the convent was in a languishing 
condition. Remigius speedily removed his see to the more com- 
manding site at Lincoln, and becoming acquainted with the convent 
of St Mary's at Stow in the same county, which was a cell to 
Ensham, endowed it with all the possessions of Ensham Abbey. In 
his own words he says, — 

* I make a certain splendid addition to my other grants by giving to the 
monks of Stow, Ensham Abbey together with the town in which it is built 
and with all its appurtenances, that is to say — Scipfort, Rollendrich, 
CErdington, Miceleton and the little church of St. Ebba's in Oxford ^' 

^Addo etiam praeterea/ saith Remigius in bis confirmation charter, 
^ eidem gloriosissimae dei genitricis ecclesiae sibique famulantibus monachis 
(Stow Abbey) augmentum quoddam insigne, Egneshamnensem (ecclesiam) 
cum eodem pago in quo antiquitus construitur caeterisque sibi membris 
adhaerentibus, Scipfort scilicet ac RoUendricht nee non Ardintona atque 
Micletuna, &c.*' 

This translation was confirmed by William Rufus. 

By some accommodation with the monks the Manor of Yamton 
appears to have been lent or made over to the Bishop for a time, that 
he might, when convenient, make his residence there, as we may 
suppose when he had occasion to visit this part of the country. The 
year following this arrangement (109a) Bishop Remigius died, and 
was succeeded at Lincoln by Robert Bloet, who was a great friend to 
the monks; he restored the revenues and translated the monks from 
Stow once more to Ensham, * reserving the site of Stowe as a manor 
for his bishoprick'.' 

The bishop was frequently at Woodstock with the King, and 
through his intervention Yamton was again restored to the rightful 
owners and confirmed to them by royal charter *. Henry I confirmed 
to Ensham ' Aerdingtona, id est — ^whatever Ensham had at Yamton.' 

It must be remembered that these lands were held of the Bishop 
in fealty as baron, and Yamton was valued at two knights' fees. 
Robert Bloet died suddenly in Woodstock Park while riding with the 
King (ma). 

Robert de Chesney became Bishop of Lincoln, who, having fallen 
under the displeasure of the new King, Henry II, had his barony 
confiscated, including Yamton, and given to Bernard de St. Wallery. 

* Wood, E, Gough, 91, and Tanner. from the copy ont of the Ensham rcgis- 

* Wood-Clark, vol. 2, p. 54. tcr in Wood, MS. E and F 21. An- 
' Dngdale, u. s., vol. 3, p. 15. other copy in Gough MS. Oxon, 91 ; 

* The references for this matter arc Dugdale's Mon. Ang. vol. 3, p. 15. 



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THE PROPERTY OF THE CHURCH. ao; 

1154. Godfrey, the Abbot of Ensham, resented this violent action of 
the King's ; an outrage all the more flagrant as it was a violation of a 
charter given by a Norman King. The infringement of the ancient 
rights guaranteed by the Saxon Kings was not looked upon in the 
same light at this period of history. 

Abbot Godfrey frequently summoned Bernard of St. Wallery before 
the King's court, but all to no avail, and Bernard as a compromise 
offered fealty to the abbot This was refused, whereupon the bishop 
consented to receive homage for the Manor of Yamton, * saving the 
rights of the Abbot and Convent of Egnesham.' 

n86. St Hugh, the next Bishop, made a fresh confirmation to 
Ensham of all rights : — 

*■ Hugo Episcopus Lincoln, salutem Capellae de Eynsham et de Chersinton 
et de Ardington similiter etiam Ecclesiae liberae sunt nee soluunt pro 
denariis beati Petri nisi octo sol.' 

^ Capella de Erdinton ptinet caenub. Einsham.' 

'Capella de Eynsham et capella de Erdinton m pprios usus; conf. p 
Hugo Ep Lync *.' 

ngo. In this year died Bernard of St Wallery, fallen in the Crusade 
before the walls of Acre. About the same time Abbot Robert suc- 
ceeded Godfrey in the government of the convent The new Abbot 
straightway proceeded to vindicate his rights against the heir to the 
barony, Thomas, son of Bernard. He summoned him to show his 
rights in the Court of William de Bleys the new bishop. 

1206. About this time the case came for trial before the Sheriff of 
Oxon, Thomas Basset, and a jury of twelve men from the neigbourhood 
of Yamton was called to declare whether certain two carucates of land 
in Yamton belonged to the Lay Fee of Thomas de St Wallery or 
whether they were the ' Frankalmoigne of the Abbey.' For this 
enquiry the abbot owed the fee of one palfrey to the sheriff. 

8th King John. *To the Barons of the Exchequer Greeting. We 
charge you that as the Abbot of Ensham has paid a fine to us of one 
palfrey for an investigation in our court concerning two carucates of land 
with their belongings in Erdington, against Thomas de St Wallery, that 
you respite it as long as the said Thomas is in our service beyond the seas 
by our command, because he has respite by our order. T. Simon de 
Pateshull at Winchester xiij day of May '.' 

The bishop, William de Bleys, died before the conclusion of the 
suit in his court, and shortly after him * Abbot Robert departed to 

* Dugdale, vol. 3, p. 3. • Close Rolls, vol. i, p. 70. 



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ao8 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

Our Lord/ Adam the incoming abbot did not suffer the matter to 
drop, but carried it forthwith to Southwark before the King's Court 

1215-16. This last year of King John's reign was disturbed by the 
invasion of the French forces under the Dauphin Louis, and the suit 
of the abbot having been postponed until the King returned to 
England, finally, as the jury were prepared to take their oath, all law 
proceedings were stopped by the foreign invasion. 

1219. Thomas of St. Wallery died this year, and his barony and lands 
devolved upon Robert de Dreux * husband of his daughter Annora. 
Upon the new succession the monks once more asserted their rights 
and summoned the Earl of Dreux before the Justices in Eyre at 
Oxford. The day was fixed for hearing the case when letters were 
suddenly brought from the King announcing that Robert de Dreux 
had been disseized of all his possessions in England, and that his 
lands were in the custody of Richard, the King's brother. 

By this action a stop was put to all law proceedings for a time, and 
when a few .years later the Earl of Cornwall became absolute owner 
of the Honour of St. Wallery (1229) the power and popularity of the 
new master prevented any further attempt to question the matter. 

He died in 1272 at the Abbey of Hales in France, and his son 
Edmund succeeded to his Honours. 



1285. In the thirteenth year of Edward I the Abbot of Ensham 
made a fresh attempt to recover his rights and openly demanded the 
restitution of the Manor of Yamton before the Justices in Eyre at 
Oxford, with the exception of six messuages and six yards of land *. 
This petition seems to have been made with no success, as Yamton 
was made over by Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, to the newly founded 
Abbey of Rewley. This gave rise to new complications in the business. 

1292. The bishop, accustomed to the service of two knights' fees 
from the Abbey of Ensham, or the money equivalent, for the Manor 
of Yamton, found that it was not paid, therefore he seized a certain 
number of cattie which were grazing there. This was followed by a 
vigorous protest from the Abbot of Rewley, who sunmioned the Bishop 
to answer for his action : the Bishop justified himself by showing that 
as far as the memory of man could reach the Abbot of Ensham had 
held the Manor of Yamton from the See of Lincoln for two knights' 
fees. 

* He is called Bros by Wood. * Gongb, 91. 



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REWLEY ABBEY. 209 

At length a private settlement appears to have been arranged, and 
upon the morrow of our Lady's Day it was intimated to the attorney 
of the Earl of Cornwall that he might depart quit of his suit, for now 
the rights of all parties were safe. Thus the end of this long litigation, 
which had lasted more than two hundred years, was arrived at by 
compromise between the two Abbots. 

1294. Each relinquished something of his rights, the Abbot of 
Ensham renounced all manorial dues without reservation (excepting 
the glebe), and the property was henceforth to be enjoyed by 
Rewley, which on its side allowed Ensham to collect tithes as well 
upon demesne as upon other land ^. 



Rewley Abbey. 



1286. This abbey was founded in the ninth Edward I by Edmund, 
Earl of Cornwall, in pursuance of his father's will, upon his lands at 
North Osney, to the honour of God and under the invocation of 
the Blessed Virgin Mary. 

From the royiX blood of its founder the house was known as * Locus 
Regalis,' afterwards Rewley. 

1294. Its charter of endowment, given in the twenty-second 
Edward I, contains the foUowing clause ' : — 

' . . . We therefore give and concede, for the soul of our father the said 
King Richard, the whole of our manor of Erdington, in the county of 
Oxford, as well in farmsteads, buildings, arable lands, dwellings, meadows, 
feedings, pastures, as in homage, fealty, service, customs, together with the 
Villenage and people, their cattle and followings, wards, reliefs, heriots, 
escheats and all other things evidently belonging to the said manor; 
together with our mills, which are situated at Kersington (Cassington).' 

Many privileges belonged to this abbey in common with all the 
Cistercian order, and moreover they were exempted from coming to 
the court of *View of Frankpledge' which also extended to any 
persons connected with them who were not resident at the time in the 
hundred'. 

An agreement was entered into and signed at Thame between the 
convent there and Osney Abbey by which the Abbot of Thame covenants 

* Dngdalc, u. s., vol. 3, p. 18, » Dugdale, u. s., vol. 5, p. 699. 

' Dugdale, n. s., vol. 5, p. 698. 
P 



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aio HISTORY OF YARNTON, 

to pay to Osney 36X. ^d, for smaU tithes of North Osney upon which 
Rewley bad been built; until half a mark of annual rent shall be 
restored to Osney from a piece of land * near the chapel of * Frees ' 
which Walter de Croxford held of the said canons, and 30X. of rent 
be provided from some other source, signed at Thame, feast of 
Assumption of B. V. Mary, ninth Edward I *. 

Thus gradually matters were accommodated between the rival 
monasteries. 

The lay fee of the manor continued in the name of the Earl of 
Cornwall* until twenty-eighth Edward I, soon after which date we 
find that the Abbot legally acquired the same for himself and house. 

* The Abbot of Rewley, near Oxford, has paid a fine of one mark to the 
King, for leave to acquire for himself and his house the Lay Fee of North 
Oseneye and Erdington, &c. * ' 



Pope Nicholas' Taxation was levied in Yamton, all favours not- 
withstanding '. We find the two interests of Ensham and Rewley 
entered as follows. 

* Deanery of Wodestok.' 

' Abbey of Eynsham, Church of Eynsham, with the chapels of Karsington 
and Erdington, ;^ai 6j. 8^.' 

< Abbey of Rewley, in Erdington and Basing in lands, rents of mills and 
courts, ;^ 1 1 1 2 J. 4</.'» 



The foUowing anecdote shows us how the Abbot of Ensham le\'ied 
his tithes previous to the intrusion of Rewley into the parish. . The 
subsequent arrangement was doubtless in the interest of the common 
peace. 

* Inquisition held at Oxford . . ^ 

* They say that Thomas, son of William the Reeve of Edington, and two 
men unknown from Eynsham, who collected the tithes in the autumn for 
the Abbot of Eynsham, seized Ralph Pogeys, of Bekebroc, in the Free 
Hundred of Wotten, and took him to Erdington within the Liberty of the 
Earl of Cornwall and imprisoned him ; subsequently he was let out on bail 

^ This piece of land must be what is p. 698. 

now known as ' Yamton Frise.* • For these exemptions see following 

' Oxford Charters, 564, a.d. 1281. section. 

' CaL Inq. Post Mort. 1300 (circa), • Tax. P. Nich, pp. 31 and 44. 

vol. I, p. 163. ' Rot Hund., vol, a, p. 48 ; and 

* Abbr» rotulorum Orig. 13th Ed. II, Ed. I, 1373. 
vol. I, p. 251. Dngdale, n. s., vol. 5, 



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REWLEY ABBEY. 211 

until a certain day, and when that day arrived they imprisoned him again 
until he should pay the fine of one mark, and put the Bekebroc men on 
bail, though they do not belong to Erdington, &c., and they destrained the 
said men in the aforesaid Hundred of the King where they have no power 
of distraint 

* They say also that John, servant to the Earl of Cornwall at Erdington, 
and Walter Brid of the same, came to Bekebroc in the King's Hundred 
aforesaid, and then seized Richard de la Pirie in his own house and took 
him and his horse to Erdington, and put his horse in the park of the said 
Earl of Cornwall to the prejudice of the Liberty of the aforesaid Hundred, 
but they know not how long they kept either the said Richard or his horse 
there.' 

Valor Ecclesia8ticu8, Henry VIII.* 

* Erdyngton. The Abbot and Convent of Eynsham for their property 
there, Leonard Huchynson being Vicar. 

^And his vicarage is worth; in all tithes, oblations, lands, and other 
emoluments upon an average of years 

Total . . . ;^8 5J. 4</. 

Tithes upon it . . i6j. 6J</.' 



* Rewley near Oxford. 

* Erdyngton in co. Oxon, Deanery of Wodestok. 

* Rent of the farm there, parcels of lands in demesne as let by an old 
indenture to Richard Andrews ^ ;^i8 5J. ^d, 

* And in re the same Richard for a tenement called '* Alleluya " let to him 
by indenture, £z iSs. %d, 

* And in re Thomas Flecher for other parcels of demesne land let to 
him by indenture, ;^8 3j. ^d, 

*• And in re Thomas Walker, for other parcels of demesne land, namely, 
one close called " Lynton " per an., £Z. 

* And in re customary tenants there in proportion to their rents, ;^a7 1 ai. Zd. 

* Total of everything . . . £66. oj. od. 

* Outgoings upon this property : — 

* To the said Vicar of Erdington and his successors in perpetuity for tithes 
and compositions, aoj. od. 

' Item, Richard Andrews, the bailiff, for his salary 20s. od. 

Total of above . . 40s. 

And remains . £64 o o." 

To the above may be added : — 

* Rent of two water mills, £s 6i. 8^.* ' 

* Valor, vol. a, p. 183. See p. 314. 

* Richard Andrews held the manor ' u. s., voL 2, p. 254. 

farm upon a lease of 3 1 years at the above * Dugdale, u. s., vol. 5, p. 698 (Cas- 

rent. Gough, 91, p. 2a The list in tington Mill). 
Augt Office says Rd. Afank held this. 

P 2 



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Googk 



21 a HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

The Cistercians at Yarnton. 

As for nearly three hundred years Yamton was under the rule of 
the Cistercians it cannot be without interest to study the manner of 
life of these new lords of the soil. 

1098. The Order of Citeaux was an offshoot of the old Bene- 
dictine Convent of Molesme in the Diocese of Langres near Dijon. 

They differed from the parent stock by their greater strictness of 
life, and by their system of administration. Under the 'rule' of 
St. Benedict each abbey sufficed for itself and was dependent upon 
no other, the Cistercian houses, on the contrary, were each affiliated 
to the Mother House and were exempt from the authority of the 
Bishop. No land or church could be acquired by the Order unless it 
were made over in freehold to the Mother House of Citeaux. 

Their exemption from episcopal jurisdiction and from the payment 
of tithes was confirmed by the See of Rome. 

This matter of freedom from tithes calls for explanation ; it was 
not a general exemption as is frequently imagined, but was subject 
to the following qualification — ^viz. this discharge from tithes was 
restricted to— 

'their Demesne lands, in their own occupation, not leased out to be 
cultivated by others.' 

We shall see the application of this restriction later on. 

* In the earlier part of the reign of Hen. ist, Pope Paschal and exempted 
all the religious orders in respect of their demesne lands, from the payment 
of tithes; and Pope Alex. 3rd in his Brief to the Cistercian Abbot and 
Convent of Rivaub^, dated Nov. aoth, 11 60, discharged all the possessions, 
actual and future, from such payments. The same Pope in his letter to 
the Bishop of Treves in 1179, after observing that some of his predecessors 
in the Apostolical See bad granted to nearly all religious persons, " decimas 
laborum suorum," states that his immediate predecessor (our countryman 
Adrian IV) had restricted this discharge from tithes, ** soils fratribus 
Cisterciensis ordinis, et templariis, et hospitalariis," whilst their lands were 
in their own cultivation or occupied at their own expense and not leased 
out to be cultivated by others. We further find that Pope Innocent IX 
(who died in 1254) discharged all the property of the Cistercians, which 
they had acquired before or even after the Council of Lateran, in lais, 
from the payment of tithes. But this must be understood of lands, kept 
and reserved in their own manurance, tillage and occupation for the 
maintenance of hospitality and good housekeeping ^' 

* Dngdale's Mon. Ang., vol. 5, and Geo. Oliver, D.D. The bulls, briefe, 
Monasticon Diocesis fizoniensis, by &c., conferring these privileges may be 



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REWLEY ABBEY. 213 

The life of the Cistercian was one of labour and prayer. 

At two in the morning the bell aroused him from his straw bed to 
prayer and meditation until daylight, and after the hour of * Prime ' all, 
not excepting the Abbot, went to labour m the field. Nothing is 
more curious in the accounts of the Cistercians than the constant 
mention and mixing up of spades and forks, ploughing and hay- 
making, and all the details of a farm with the divine office. For this 
reason their houses were always built in country places, and their 
dress was the ordinary rough gown of the working poor among whom 
they worked and lived in heat and cold throughout the seasons. 
The stem old monks sought for nothing picturesque, even their 
churches were devoid of costly ornaments and their Abbot's pastoral 
cross was of wood only. In the white habit of the choir monk, 
though it may have been worn from the devotion to the Mother of 
God, we see merely the cheapest undyed frieze of the country. At 
noon their scanty food was taken in silence. The allowance of food 
for each man was one pound of coarse bread and two dishes of 
vegetables boiled without grease. This sufficed for two meals. The 
drink was the common wine or beer of the country. In winter the 
food was reduced to one meal a day, and the hours of prayer lengthened 
as the work in the fields was shortened. After the midday meal weary 
nature was allowed an hour's repose. Work again called them until 
the bell for Evensong, and at last, each man, drawing his cowl over 
his head and bowing to the Abbot, laid himself down in his habit for 
a short night's rest. 

Notwithstanding so much time given to manual labour the singing 
of the divine office in choir was most carefiiUy regulated : to the end 
that all the religious who could follow the office ^ould be present in 
choir, it was arranged that the outlying farms or granges should be 
managed by 'Lay or Convert' brothers, who were generally those 
who could not read or were otherwise debarred from the choir. 

The conununity setded at Rewley were a colony brought by the 
Earl of Cornwall from the house at Thame under the Abbot Robert \ 
It is said that they were suppressed in 1 414 as an alien priory, but 
however that may have been the Cistercians continued at Rewley until 
1536. At this period the house was found to be worth £174 3^. 6dL 

seen in Privileges de TOrdre de Ci- History of the Cistercian Order,' by a 

teaux, published at Paris, 1713. Cistercian monk. Thos. Richardson, 

The above particolars of the Cister- London, 1852. 

cian Order are all taken from * A concise ^ Dugdale, Mon., vol. 5, p. 698. 



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HISTORY OF YARNTON. 



r annum. The editor of Dugdale, writing nearly two hundred years 
er, bears testimony to the innocence and utility of the life led by 
;se religious men. Speaking of the desecration of their churchyard 
Rewley he says, their remains 

ere often barbarously used without considering that the Persons there 
ryed were renowned for all sorts of Virtues, and particularly for Justice, 
emency, and Bounty towards the Poor.' 

The following is in the handwriting of Dr. V. Thomas at the end 
the first register book. 

' Here follow the names of Persons who rented lands in this Parish of 
jwley Abbey, co. Oxon, about the year 1530 ; together with their rents 
d the quantity of land occupied by each, from a record in the Augmen- 
ion Office : — 



chard Andrews ^. A close and some arable . 
lomas Gybbes \ a messuage and two yards land ' 
lomas Spyer, a cottage and a close . 
)bert Eyers, a messuage and two yards land ' . 
illiam Long, a cottage and a close . 
lomas Tackett, a cottage and garden 
illiam Bamarde, a cottage and a yard land' . 
illiam Shepherd, a messuage and two yarids land ' 
illiam Cocks, a yard land and a half 
chard Smythe, a cottage called Smytheforde . 
hn Gybbs, a messuage and two yards land 
hn Short, a messuage and one yard land 
)bert Stafibrde, a messuage and four yards land 
an Mores, widow, a cottage .... 
)bert Page, a messuage and two yards land 
illiam Mallyett, a cottage .... 
chard Wynne, a messuage and one yard land . 
chard Symonds, a cottage .... 
hn Cocks, a messuage and one yard land 
illiam Abbot, a messuage and two yards land . 
illiam Harryson, a cottage and close 

Carried forward .... 



£ 


J. 


d. 


I 


6 


8 


I 


8 








6 





I 


la 








3 


4 





4 








14 





I 


10 





I 


I 








4 





I 


n 


4 





17 





a 


16 


8 





I 


4 


I 


8 








5 


6 





17 








I 


4 


I 


3 


4 


I 


13 


4 





6 


8 



19 13 6 



' R. Andrews also rented the rectory. 
' Thomas Gybbes made his will in 
44 ; he bequeathed to the church one 
ishel of Barley, ' witness George Bro- 
thurst, my ghostly father/ Turner, 
►11. Ox. vol. 6. Top. Ox. c. 47. 
' In Dr. Thomas* time the following 
rsons occupied these grounds. The 



names may help to identify the lands. 

No. I was occupied by Miles. 

No. a by Cooper (evidently both 
must form part of the present Exeter 
farm). 

No. 3 by Bulley. 

No. 4 by Hallum. 



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REWLEY ABBEY, it r? 



Brought forward 

John Hyrde, a cottage 

William Dayje, a yard land 

Thomas Fallowe, a tenement and two yards land call( 

lowes." " Libera tenet." 

24 Renters 

24 yard lands and a half 

Richard Marche, the Farm called AUeluya, about 8 yard 
Richard Andrews, the Manor Farm, about 18 yards . 
Thomas Fletcher, diflferent closes, about 16 yards 



The above in Dr. Thomas' handwriting in Ex< 
dently the same list as he wrote in the register book 
of the three latter names *. 

^ From Computis Mimstrorain, Com. Ozon. 24 H 



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CHAPTER IL 

Yarnton under Exeter College and other 
Ecclesiastical Patrons. 

The Rectory and Vicarage. 
Deed of Gift of Sir William Petre to Exeter College. 

The ancient Rectors of Yamton were the Abbots of Ensham, since 
the dissolution of that House the Rector has been the Rector of 
Exeter College, saving the few years that it remained in royal hands. 

The gift of this rectory to the College is included in that of Kid- 
lington and is as foUows : — 

*Sciant &c. . . . that I, Will Petre, have given, after obtaining the 
Queen's license, to the Rector and Scholars of Exeter College, the Rectory 
of Ardington with the Tithes, &c., lately occupied by George Owen, Esq. 
... all which were lately parcell of the lands of Reginald Pole, Cardinal * 
and all which Rectories, &c., Queen Elizabeth gave me by letters patent 
dated at Westminster i8 May, 7th Eliz. (1565). And I have given all these 
for the carrying out my statutes, &c., and I have made Philip Huckle and 
John Hourd my attorneys to give seizin of all these to the Rector and 
Scholars.' Dated Ging Petre (Ingatestone, Essex), 8th Nov. 8th Eliz. 
(1566). 

The following is Elizabeth's grant, part of the same entire deed 
which we have given in treating of Kidlington : — 

'Whereas our brother Edward 6 by letters patent dated 21 Dec. 5th 
Ed. 6th (1551) to farm let to George Owen, Esq. the Rectory of Ardington 
(then occupied by Richard Andrews, previously belonging to the Monastery 
of Ensham) reserving the timber, for 2 1 years from the following Michaelmas 
at the rent of £;j ; know ye that we for the sum of ;£i376 lu. ^\d, from 

^ The entire transaction relating to the Exchequer. It is all copied in full 

the purchase and gift of these rectories in Dr. Thomas* Collection in the Bod. 

and lands is to be found in the office of Lib., Cough, Oxon. MSS. 91, p. 22. 
the Lord Treasurer's Remembrancer in 



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THE RECTORY, %l^ 

Sir William Petre grant the said Sir William Petre the reversion of* 
... the Rectory of Ardington, &c. and the rent of /7, except nevertheless 
to the Queen All Bells and all the lead in the gutters and windows ... to 
be held of the Queen as of her manor of East Greenwich in Fealty only 
and not in Capite.' 

Computus Ministrorum Domini Regis. 
Eynsham nuper Monasterium, Com. Oxon. 
Erdyngton, Firma Rector. £7 oj. od,^ 



Lessees of the Rectory. 

From the above documents we learn that the tenant of the rectory 
farm at the surrender of the Convent was Richard Andrews. After 
him came George Owen, the Lord of the Manor. After Owen 
there is nothing to show who had it until we come to 164 1, when a lease 
was granted by the College to Nathaniel Harris at that time Vicar. 
In the preamble we are told that the lease had imtil lately been in the 
hands of Richard Brainthwaite. This person, being a member of 
the Spencer family, it is fair to infer that they rented the rectory 
until this date. Sir William Spencer was an absentee, consequently 
the lease passed into other hands. 

This lease to Nathaniel Harris, and all subsequent leases, contains 
the foUowing clause : — 

< They, the College, demise all and singular their lands and all things 
appertainmg to their Rectory of Yamton except the donation or presenta- 
tion of and unto the Vicarage of Yamton, being foreprised and excepted; 
further, that every tenant ''shall and will at his own proper cost and 
charge, every quarter of every year during the said term procure and get 
a sermon by some preacher to be preached and uttered in the Parish 
Church of Yamton aforesaid at the usual time or times during Divine 
service and upon such day or days as shall be meet and convenient for the 
Edification and Instmction of the Congregation of the said Parish '.'*' 

Nathaniel Harris died in 1644 and no lease appears to have been 
signed for fifteen years. We find the same gap occurring at Kid- 
lington, probably from the same cause; men could have had Hide 
leisure or inclination for business while everything was rendered 
insecure by the disorder around them. 

* Here comes in that part relating to ' All these particulars arc taken from 
Kidlington. See that history, p. 45. the archives of Exeter College. 

* Dngdale, a. s., vol. 3, p. 31. 



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ai8 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

1659. This year a new lease was given to Thomas Andrews, and 
was renewed at intervals. 

1684. Martin May of Kidlington took the lease of the rectory, 
and it continued in his name or in that of his executors for nearly 
fifty years. These leases include the chancel of the church with the 
obligation of repairing the same. 

1708. The executors of Martin May, John Rowney of Oxford and 
John Saunders of Kidlington, renewed the lease in trust for Mr. 
Mann. Mann was the successor of May and probably his grandson ^ 

1743. Lease to Phipps Weston, clerk, of Fifield, co. Berks, who 
also rented the tithes. 

1777. Lease to Richard Osborne for ten years. 

1788. Indenture between the College and the executors of Richard 
Osborne; viz. Joseph Brooks of Woodstock and Robert Morris of 
Witney, grocer. 

1799. Tredwell Strainge redeemed the land tax for £426 I2J. 
and the foUowing year (1800) took the lease of rectory and lands. 
He is called surgeon and apothecary. 
' Ten years later the farm was advertised as 

* An enclosed farm (Free of Great Tithes) with a good dwelling-house 
and complete curtilage of 4 acres, 22 acres of arable, 18 acres of Meadow, 
and 2 acres of Lot Meadow. Together with the Great Tithes, which 
consist of the Fore Math or Crop of Hay on 8 acres of Meadow called the 
Tithe Plots and the Great Tithes of about 660 acres of arable and 
meadow.' 

The Tithe Plots are situate in the Lot Meadows, in Oxhurst four 
acres or thereabouts, in West Meadow two acres, and in Pixey two 
acres or thereabouts. The residue of the estate is defined as the 
tithes of com, grain, and hay of the parish. 

1810. This year it was taken by William Young of Begbrook Hill. 

1818. Tredwell Strainge took the parsonage or rectory and tithes 
for eight years at the rent of £239. 



The Vicarage'. Constituted by the Bishop. 

Whilst the long dispute concerning the Lay Fee of Yamton was 

going on, the spiritual wants of the people were provided for by the 

Abbey of Ensham until the Bishop placed the vicarage upon an 

independent footing. 

' See 'Kidlington/ p. 134. Vicarages see History of Kidling- 

' For the constitution of Perpetual ton, p. 34. 



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THE VICARAGE. %\^ 

From the Institution Rolls at Lincoln. 

' Bishop Grostete ' : — 

1335. * Erdington. William de Cudlyngton, Chaplain, was presented by 
the Abbot and Convent of Eynsham to the Vicarage of the Chapel of 
Erdington, an inquiry having been first made by the Rural Dean of 
Barthon, by whom he was admitted and constituted perpetual Vicar with 
the burdens, &c. 

* The Vicarage consists of a house wherein the Chaplains have been wont 
to dwell and all the altar dues of the said chapel, except the first legacy of 
persons dying in the township of Erdington, when the legacy consists in a 
live beast 

' The perpetual Vicar should minister in the same and provide a suitable 
clerk and the proper and usual lights in the same chapel. The Abbot and 
Convent aforesaid must provide all other expenses connected with the said 
chapel ^' 

1253. 'Anketillus de Werewell, chaplain, presented to the vicarage 
church of Erdington by Ensham '.' 
*Bp. Sutton,* 17th year, 4th Nov., 1296 — 
William de Kengham, chaplain, presented by Ensham, vacant because 
the last vicar, Richard de Berewyk, has been instituted to Charlbury. 
*Bp. Dalderby,* 8th year, 2nd Sept., 1307 — 
Walter de Brouthon, chaplain, presented by Eynsham, vacant by 
resignation of William, the last Vicar. 

* 17th Oct., 1338— 

Walter de Broughton having been instituted to Wodeton, the Bishop 
(during the vacancy of Ensham) has given the vicarage to John de 
Stowe, priest. 
'7th July, 1349— 
John de Blokle, priest, presented by Ensham, vacant by resignation 
of John '. 
*ist March, 1358 — 
Simon Gardener, of Okham, Vicar of Keleneden, in the diocese of 
London, and John de Blockele, Vicar of Erdyngton, have exchanged. 
•13th Nov., 1365— 
William Pemel, Rector of Honyngton, in the diocese of Worcester, 
and Simon Gardener, Vicar of Erdyngton, have exchanged, 
'ist Dec, 1404 — 
John Tryok, priest, presented by Ensham on resignation of William 
Pemell 

* 1 6th Sept, 1 4 14 — 

Thomas Haysifton (?), priest, presented by Ensham on death of John 
Tryok. 

* Computed worth five marks— ^3 * Turner's Hist Coll. MSS. c 55, 
dr. 8</. Cough, 91, p. i. This had vol. 14. Extracts fi-om Lincoln Reg. 
increased by the time of Henry VIH ' N.B. the Black Death, 1349. 

to £8 IS. 4^. 



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aao HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

*i8th Dec^ 143a — 

Robert Longe, priest, presented by Ensham. 
*7th Feb., 1464— 
Walter Bate, M.A., of Lincoln College ', presented by Ensham on 
death of Griffin Parke. 
'25th May, 1466 — 
Ensham having presented an unfit person the Bishop presents Magister 
Richard Graunger, M.A, ■ 
* 22nd Oct., 1473 — 
William Syngar, priest, presented by Ensham on death of Richard 
Graunger. 
*a2nd Oct., 1505 — 
William FuUe, deacon, presented by Ensham on death of Magister 
William Syngar. 
*27th Sept, 1508 — 
Marcus Car, M.A., presented by Ensham on resignation of William 
FuUe.' 



The Vicarage. Subsequent to Sir W. Petre. 

In the second register book of Yamton occurs a note in Dr. 
Thomas' handwriting, as follows : — 

• The Vicarage of Yamton was given to Exeter College with the Great 
Tithes by Sir Will. Petre, its great benefactor,* 

and elsewhere in the College papers we find also in Dr. Thomas' 
handwriting : — 

' The original gift seems to have been lost.' * Did Exeter College lose 
its Presentation in 1644 (sic)*? 

The truth seems to be that the vicarage had never been included 
in the gift with the rectory, as it was in the case of KJdlington. 
We find in the Bishop's Institution Book that the King presented 
immediately after the cession of Rewley Abbey and after his grant 
to Owen, the succeeding Vicars were presented by the Lord of the 
Manor. No notice is taken in that book of the two nominees of the 
College, Harris and Tozer. The Parliamentary Commission sat in 
Oxford in the early part of 1647, ^^^^ the covenant was offered to the 
Vicars of parishes and Fellows of College. Henry Tozer refusing 
it, was evicted from his benefice and went abroad. John Goad, 

* Sec Reg. University Ox., vol i, p. * See Reg. University Ox., vol. i, 
26. p. 28 ; also Anstey's Man. Acad., 747. 



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THE VICARAGE. 221 

Vicar of St. Giles and Fellow of St. John's College, was put into his 
vicarage of Yarnton. He held the living until the Restoration. The 
question of the right of presentation was not allowed to rest, and it is 
alluded to by Dr. White Kennet in his Parochial Antiquities. In 
1695 Dr. Paynter, then Rector of Exeter, wrote to him as follows. 
He was remonstrating with Kennet upon a statement of his to this 
effect : — 

* You mention &c. . . . ** neither did Sir Will. Petre give advowsons of 
Yamton and Gudlington ; there being no presentation, institution or 
induction to the latter, and the former is in the gift of the Spencers " tho 
we conceive the College wronged as to that matter^.' 

Counsel's opinion was taken in 1820, and Patteson gave it against 
the College, and so the matter remains. 

The manor and presentation to the vicarage were sold in 1695 
by the co-heiresses of Sir Thomas Spencer, one-fourth part by the 
husband of the eldest sister. Viscount Tiviot, to the Swete family, 
and the remaining three portions to Sir Robert Dashwood. 

The living was not worth more, or as much as £40 a year until 
Dr. Thomas raised it by his exertions to its present value. 

Rawlinson's account of the living : — 

'Lord of the Manor Robert Dashwood, Patron and Impropriator. 
Present Vicar Mr. Mitchell of Trinity College. Worth about £\o a year. 
Wake, Sunday after Bartholomew Day'.' 



The Conunissioners appointed by the Bishop to enquire into the 
value of small livings received the following statement from Mr. 
Mitchell'. 

*The Demesne lands pay me ;^io yearly. 

* Twenty and two more yards of land pay 20J. for each yard. 

* I have 40/. for reading prayers (according to Sir Thos. Spencer's will). 
' My house lets for 40/, 

* The churchwardens are ready to answer of the truth of all this. 

* I am &c. (signed) R. Michell, Vicar, 17th Sept., 1707.' 

1736. This year Yamton was again mentioned in this matter, and 
was returned as a living between £30 and £40 a year. Many years 
later the same was drawn by lot for an augmentation of £200. 

1817. Mr. Thomas, in 181 7, returned an answer to the *Boimty 

^ Boase's Reg. of Exeter Coll. p. 85. deacon's Register, and papers in Exeter 
« B. 400, E. p. 37. College. 

' From an Extract out of the Arch- 



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222 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

Office' that his living had become worth more than £200 a year by 
reason of his success in a lawsuit, and to this he received the 
following response : — 

* Revd Sir. — The account given of the nature and value of the Vicarage 
of Yarington lately drawn by lot has been laid before the Commissioners 
of '* Queen Anne's Bounty " and the intended augmentation has been set 
aside on account of the present improved value of the Living '. 

* Signed (Richard Bum, Sec.).' 

The Vicar then offered to pay £300 out of his own pocket if the 
Governors would give £200 more towards building a new house, but 
this was declined, and thus after no years, that is from the date of 
R. Mitchell's return in 1707, this discussion was closed, without the 
poverty of the living obtaining any relief. 



Vicars of Yarnton from the Year 163a 

These names are copied, with the exception of Leonard Hutchinson, 
Henry Tozer and John Goad, from die ' Institution book of the 
Diocese of Oxford from 1542 to 1864 V 

1535. Leonard Hutchinson, When the Ecclesiastical Valuation in 
the reign of Henry VIII was made, Leonard Hutchynson was Rector 
of Bladon and of Croughton, Northants, as well as Vicar of Yarnton. 
He took his degree of B.A. at Baliol College in 1506, and M.A. 1509, 
and is described at the time as being a great promoter and encourager 
of learning. In April 151 4 he was chosen 'Northern Proctor,' in 
September 151 8 was elected Master of University College, and after- 
wards took the degree of Doctor of Divinity'*. Upon a commission 
being appointed to enquire into the articles upon which John Wycliflfe 
had been condemned, Hutchynson was one of the four who met in 
St. Mary's Church for that object*. He died in the beginning of 
October 1554, and was buried in the chancel of his church at 
Croughton, but there is no monimnent or inscription to his memory •. 

John Matthew, 

1544, Dec. 14. George Blunt, Presented by the King on the 
death of John Matthew. 

» From Dr. V. Thomas' Collection, » Fasti, Bliss, p. 40. 

Bod. Lib., Googh, 91, p. 133. * Gutch, Annals, vol. a, p. 50. 

' Tamer's MSS. Bod. Lib. Top. * Marshall's Woodstock, pp. 39a and 

Oxon. c. 4a. 447. 



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THE VICARAGE. 



223 



* George Blunt, M^. 1543, licensed 24 March, 154}, inc. 7 April'.' 

154^, Mar. 24. William Myllton als Gibbon. Presented by the 
King on resignation of George Blunt. 

156I, Jan. II. Edmund Tarrey^ Fellow of New College*. Pre- 
sented by Simon Corbett. 

W9> J% 17- Hugo Evans, Presented by John Durant, armig. 

*B.A. 157^, M.A. 1574, of Brasenose, in Orders V 

He is supposed to have kept a school in the old vicarage house, 
which is mentioned by Wood (Athenae, vol. i, p. 636). 

'John Ball of Cassmgton, the famous Puritan, educated in Grammar 
learning in a private school taught by the Vicar of Yamton.' 

Marriage and children, see Register of Yamton. 
1618 or 19, Sept. 21. Nathaniel Harris ^ MA, 

* Native of Devon, Scholar of Exeter College, B.A. 1617, M.A. 16 JJ '.' 

Marriage, children, and burial, see Register of Yamton. In his 
day Antony Wood's brother attended the school here. 
1644. Henry Tozer, 

*Bom at North Tawton in Devon in 1602, B.A. i623> M.A. 1626. 
Elected Fellow 30 June, 1623. Allowed Degree of D.D. with others but 
did not take it. Expelled by Parliamentary Visitors in 164^. Died as 
Chaplain at Rotterdam 1 1 Sep., 1650. He was Bursar of his College and in 
the College Register, 8 June, 1627, there is a curious apology for him from 
George Mountjoy B.A., for *' unscholarly and uncivil behaviour"'.* 

He probably never lived at Yamton, and his name never appears on 
the books. 

164^. John Goad. Presented by Parliamentary Commissioners. 
Dr. Goad appears to have been born in London, and the date of his 
birth we learn from a * Nativity '• cast by his friend Dr. Richard 
Napier, physician and astrologer, to have been the 4th Febraary, at 
four in the morning, 16}^. He came up from Merchant Taylors* 
School, in 1632, to St. John's Coll^;e, where he graduated B.D., 
and became Fellow and eventually a Benefactor. In 164a he was 
Vicar of St Giles's, Oxford. He was the author of several pieces, 
and while the King was at Oxford, acted in a play before the Court, 
assisted by Abraham Wright, a Yamton man *. He was presented to 

^ Reg. University, vol. i (Boase). ' Ashmolean MSB. 436, p. 64. 

* Reg. of Exeter Coll., Boase, p. 6a. * Wood's Athenae, vol. 2, p. 838. 



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224 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

the Vicarage of Yarnton by the Chancellor and Masters of the 
University by virtue of an Act of James I, disabling Recusants from 
presenting to church livings*. He remained at Yarnton until the 
Restoration, and during those years all the parish books are most 
carefully kept in his handwriting. In 1661 he retired from the 
living, and accepted the offer of a school at Timbridge Wells. Soon 
after he left this for the headmastership of Merchant Taylors' School, 
which he filled for nearly twenty years ; after which time he kept a 
private school in Piccadilly ^ A few years before his death he was 
reconciled to the Roman Catholic Church in Somerset House, indeed 
it was his suspected inclmation that way which led to his leaving his 
post at Merchant Taylors'. Dr. Goad was a man of many parts, 
and of great activity of mind ; his intimacy with Dr. Napier earned 
him the title of ' Astrologer,' but a volume of his letters still preserved 
show little more than current remarks upon the weather. His last 
letter written a few days before his death, is interesting, and shows 
that death was not unexpected by him •. . . . 

*Sept 30th 1689. 
* Honoured Sir, 
* The failures of the last, this month will make amends, flfoggy, gloomy, 
wet and windy. Ye comfort is you have a good house over your head and 
I hope you will weather many a Sol Mars and Saturn and Mercurie though 
for my part I dread this winter approaching, I should be glad to bear of 
your state of health : it will comfort Sir, y' servant, J. Goad.' 

He died three days later, 2nd October 1689, aged 74, and was 
buried among his own relations at Great St. Helen's Church, London. 
Two elegies were written in his honour ; one by James Wright, the 
other by Joseph Barnes, an old pupil, beginning : — 

* Can thus a Father of our Israel dye 
And none step forth to sound his Elegy?* 

Dr. (joad's portrait, a woodcut, may be seen in the ' Hope Collection' 
of engravings in Oxford. 

1661, Sept. 10. Phillip Potter. Presented by Sir Thos. Spencer 
on the cession of J. Goad. This account is found of him : — 

*i664, Nov. 10. Philip Potter, Vicar of Yarnton called and objected 
that he, beinge Vicar of Yarnton in the Diocese of Oxford, being canoni- 

" Wood-Gutch, vol. 4, p. 555. * Ash. MSS. 368, p. 308 ; this volume 

' Gillow*8 Biographical Diet of Eng. is entirely letters from J. G. to R. S. 
Catholics. 



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VICARS. 225 

cally bound to residency upon his said Vicarage yet he doth neglect to 
reside there \ He answereth and saith, that notwithstanding he doth not 
constantly reside thereon yet he hath his bedde there and doth come over 
thither weekly and doth kepe a person there in constant fee that if any 
urgent occasion doe happen for his presence he should come over to Oxon 
to give him this urgent notice that he might make his addresse thither 
which he doth accordingly. And he humbly prayeth that in Regard he 
doth now reside in the University to improve hfmself in his studyes and 
prepare himself for his Degree of B.D., that the liberty allowed by the 
Statute of this Land to persons of his condition may be indulged to him. 
As for his missing prayers on holydays hee confesseth that he hath been 
h\t\ therein. But he sayeth that has been caused by the neglect of the 
parishioners for he hath read prayers there 5 or 6 holidays successively 
and there hath been none present besides the parish clerk. As for Sundays 
he saith he never missed more than twoe (one was some years since, the 
other by sudden occasion of sicknesse which seized on him on Saturday 
night and detayned him by an irresistable hand), but for this he submitteth 
himself and promiseth not to offend againe in the like.' 

Eventually he appears to have been deprived of his living, which 
was given to John Venn in 1678, but Mr. Potter's name still occurs 
as Vicar in 1699, when he signed himself as such as witness in a 
case at law. 

1678, May 28. John Venn. Presented by Sir Thos. Spencer on 
the deprivation of P. Potter. 

i68i. Thos, Pigott, MA. Presented by Sir Thos. Spencer on the 
cession of John Venn. He was son of Henry Pigott of Lincoln College, 
Oxford, who was bom in Staffordshire, and was Minister of Rochdale 
in Lancaster, where he published some assize sermons in 1675'. 
Thomas Pigott was bom at Brindle in the aforesaid county. He 
took the degree of B.A. in 1675, M.A. 1678, was elected Fellow of 
Wadham College in 1679, ^'^^ became Vicar of Yamton two years 
after. He retained his Fellowship with his Vicarage, and was also 
appointed Chaplain to James, Earl of Ossory. In No. 151 of the 
Philosophical Transactions, is a paper from his hand giving the 
account of an earthquake which occurred at Oxford (17 Sept. 1683), 
and the neighbourhood. He also made a discovery in music of a 
phenomenon relating to the sympathy between lute and viol strings, 
which is also printed in the same society's papers, No. 134, p. 839, 
April, 1677*. Of this discovery Wood says, 

* Bishop's Court Book, Oxon. Tur- • Wood's Fasti, vol. 2, pp. 131 and 209. 

ner's MSS. Top. Oxon. c. 56. Histori- • Plot's Oxfordshire, pp. 69, 294, Edi 

cal Coll. vol. 15. tion, 1705. 

Q 



I 



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226 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

* that it was first made by William Noble \ M.A., of Merton College who kept 
it to himselfy but Pigott being a more forward and mercurial man got the 
credit of it/ 

Thomas Pigott became Fellow of the Royal Society; he died in the 
house of the Earl of Ossory in St. James' Square, Westminster, on 
the 14th Aug., 1686, and was buried in the church of St. James', 
Piccadilly. 

i68f, Jan. 10. leader f MicheU, MA., Trinity College. Presented 
by Robert, Viscount Teviot, and the three surviving Spencer co- 
heiresses, on the death of Thos. Pigott 

1720, Aug. 2. Henry Breretan, LL,D., 1707. Presented by Robert 
Dashwood, arm., on the death of Robert MichelL 

«H. B., gent, St. John's Coll, Mat. a6 May, 1693 ; B.C.L. 1700. Vicar 
of Kirtlington 1707, and of Yamton 1720. Rector of Kislingbury, North- 
ants, 1728. Buried there 20 May, 1736V 

I72f , Feb. 8. William Bowdery. Presented by Benjamin Swete, 
arm., on the cession of Henry Brereton. 

1733, Nov. 17. Richard Hawkins, MA. Presented by Dorothy 
Dashwood, of Wickham, on the cession of William Bowdery. He is 
supposed to have built the present vicarage house '. 

I7f^> Mar. 7. The same presented by Dorothy Dashwood, of 
Grosvenor Square, Westminster, on the cession of the same, he having 
been instituted to the Rectory of Begbroke. See that parish. 

174^, Feb. ao. Robert Rogers, MA, Presented by Dorothy Dash- 
wood, of Grosvenor Square, on the cession of Richard Hawkins. 
Rogers lived at Iffley, and on that account his vote was disallowed at 
the election of 1754*. 

^ A person of this name was cook of CoL, Oxford, 1734-5, aged 15. Son of 

Merton. See Brodrick's Merton, p. 357. Robert Rogers, of Oxford (City). Cler. 

* Alnmni, Ox., J. Foster. B.A. 1738, M.A. 1741, B.D. 1750, Prob. 
' Bloxam*» Reg. of Mag. Coll., voL F. 1 744-1 761, Jnn. Dean of Arts 1750, 

i» P« I43» 'Richard Hawkins, res. 1725, Bursar 1751, Vice-Pres. 176a Pre- 

matric. March, 1723-4, set. 18. Son of sented to Swaby (Lincoln) 25th Feby., 

William Hawkins of Bloxham, co. 1761, Died 20lh April, 1761. Buried 

Oxon. Pleb. Clerk, 1725-9, Adm. within the altar rails of St. Aldate's 

Chaplain, Jan. 1728-9-1765, B.A. 1727, church, Oxford. On a slab was in- 

M.A 1730.' 'Jan. 1765, repentina scribed "Robertus Rogers, S.T.B. 

morte abreptus erat.* Coll. B. M. Magdalenae Socius, obiit 

♦ The following is found in Bloxam's April 20, 1761.' * A.D. 1761, Ap. 20, 
Roister of Magdalen Collie, vol. 6, Rob. Rogers, S.T.B., variolamm tabe 
p. 241 : — * Robert Rogers, of Iffley, co. corrcptus morti occubuit.* 

Oxford, res. 1744, mat. at Pembroke 



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1 



VICARS. 2^7 

1761, Oct. 3. Thomas Gregory, M,A. Collated by the Bishop 
through lapse on the death of Robert Rogers. 

1780, July 12. John Tesh, BJ). Presented by Sir Henry Watkins 
Dashwood on the death of Thos. Gregory. 

* Son of Samuel Tesh of North Kelsey, co. Lincoln, gent, Corpus C. 
Coll., Oxford; mat. a 6 June, 1760, aged 16; B.A. 1764; Fellow, M.A. 
1768; B.D. 1777. Vicar of Yarnton 1780, and of Childrey, Berks, 1790, 
until his death 8 Dec. 1799 V 

1800, Jan. 7. Robert Trotman Coates, B,D. Presented by Sir Henry 
Watkins Dashwood on the death of John Tesh. 

*Son of Robert Coates of Sodbury, co. Glos., cler. Corpus C. Coll., 
Oxford; mat. 11 July, 1781, aged 17; B.A. 1785; MA. 1789; B.D. 1798. 
Vicar of Yamton 7 Jan. 1800. Rector of Steeple Langford, W^ilts, 1802. 
Rector of Sopworth, Wilts, 1809 V 

1803, Feb. 12. Vaughan Thomas , M,A, Presented by Sir Henry 
Watkins Dashwood on the cession of Robert Trotman Coates. 

* Son of John Thomas of Kingstone, co. Surrey, arm. Oriel College ; 
Mat. 17 Dec. 179a, aged 17. Fellow of C. C. C, Oxford, until 181 3; 
B.A, 1796; M.A. 1800; B.D. 1809; Chaplain 1832-44; Vicar of Yamton 
1803, and of Stonleigh, War., 1804 ; Rector of Duntsboume Rouse, co. 
Glos., 1810, until his death 26 Oct, 1858, aged 83 V 

Dr. V. Thomas was a man well known to his generation as an 
active able man of business. Those who have read these notes will 
see what he did for his parish of Yamton. For several years he 
served the church of Begbroke, and was appointed curate to Wood 
Eaton by Dr. Cooke, whose daughter he married, but was not allowed 
to accept that charge by the Bishop. He rebuilt the vicarage at 
Yamton, but resided in Oxford, where late in life he married a 
second time. Holywell Lodge for some years was occupied by him ; 
he died in the large house overlooking Magdalen bridge at the bottom 
of High Street, and is buried at the east end of the churchyard of 
St. Peter's-in-the-East. Dr. Thomas wrote voluminously in the public 
papers, and during the epidemic of the cholera was most active in 
his suggestions. His works are noticed in the Gentleman's Magazine, 
1859, Part I, p. 320. 

1858, Nov. 4. Peter Maurice, D.D.y Chaplain of All Souls'. Pre- 
sented by Warden and College of All Souls', in right of fourth turn 
belonging originally to Mr. Ben. Swete. 

» Alumni, Ox., Foster. ^ Ibid. » Ibid. 

Q2 



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228 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

Dr. Maurice was a good musician, and wrote several hymns *, to 
which the Prince Consort added the music. He was buried in 1878 
at Hiffhgate Cemetery, near London. A marble tablet to his memory 
I church at Yarnton. 
James Alexander Balleine, of Exeter College, M.A., 1876. 

nd son of George Balleine of St Hellier's, Jersey, gent., Exeter 
lat 29 Jan., 1870, aged 19; B.A. 1874; M.A. 1876; Vicar of 
1878 *. Resigned 1890 and went to Acock's Green near Birming- 

. Ernest William Lomax, 

Scholar of Lincoln, 1876; ist cl. Prelim. TheoL Exam. 1887, 
Oxford, 1889. Ordained Priest, Lincoln, 1879. Formerly Curate 
Line. ; Lymm, Cheshire; Kirtlington, Oxford; Chaplain of Univ. 
i.y 1890. Crockford. 



The Vicarage House. 



following account of the Vicarage House is from a paper in 
:esan Registry, signed by Dr. Thomas : — 

ik it was built either during the Incumbancy of Richard Hawkins 
33 to 1746 or during that of Robert Rogers. (We know that 
did not live here.) The tradition is that it was built by Richard 
» who was also Rector of Begbroke, who built the Rectory House 
hich house answers room for room to the Vicarage house at 
, such at least was its correspondance until the Begbroke Rectory 
rged. The Yarnton Vicarage house formerly stood by the side of 
;e road in front ; it stood there in the time of Hugh Evans who 
^ell frequented school there as did Nathaniel Harris. I think the 
bouse was built about 1745, a mere cottage house with a staircase 
arcely held out 3 feet. The undersigned altered and enlarged it 
int times between 1849 and 1852, nearly doubling it in depth and 
le roof, and making a new hall and staircase, the cost of which as 
by the bills was between ;f 200 and ;^3oo including the under- 
all round the House and throughout the forecourt and garden, 
obtained Sir G. Dashwood's consent to build a washhouse and 
;ting upon Sir G. Dashwood's boundary wall. He also built a 
vo stalled stable and obtained Sir George's consent to appropriate 
nable boundary hedge to the North of the Garden on the line of 
hen grubbed up, he built a substantial brick wall and by the side 
he made a carriage road and put up a pair of folding gates with 

imposed an Evening Service parts, Supplement to Choral Harmony, 
ith Angels,' &c. Tunes in four * Alumni, Ox., Foster. 



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THE SWETE FAMILY. 

side gate fof horses opening upon Church lane ; by which car 
horses are enabled for the first time to enter the Vicarage premii 
going through the Church yard' Signed Vaughan Thomas, 185 

The Will of Benjamen Swete :— . 

* This Indenture made this seventh day of September in the fi 
our Sovereign Lord George the 2nd, &c. 1730, between Benjair 
of the parish of St. Clements' Danes in the county of Middlese 
the one part, and the Honble. George Gierke of the University 
Doctor of Laws, on the other part, that whereas the s* Benj, 
seized or in titled to the fourth Turn or Right of Patronage o: 
the Vicarage of Yamton in the co. of Oxford, now this Indenture 
that he the s* Benj. Sweete for and in consideration of the gr( 
and regard that he has for the s^ George Gierke and for and in 
tion of the sum of Five shillings in hand well and truly paid 
George Gierke unto the ^ Benj. Sweete the receipt whereof 
acknowledged hath granted and confirmed &c. unto the s^ Geo 
and his heirs &c. all his title and interest of in and to the said 
Donation and Right of Patronage to the said Vicarage and pai 
of Yamton &c. for ever.' 

Signed Benjamen i 

Dr. Gierke * bequeathed this Right of Presentation to the 
All Souls' in a codicil to his will, made upon the 12th N 
and proved in London 27th Nov., 1736, as follows: — 

' Item, I do give and bequeath to the said Warden and Colli 
right and title to the fourth Term of presenting to the V 
Yamton, in the co. of Oatford, for the use and benefit of the C 
the said College who have but a slender provision.' 

It was not until the death of Dr. Thomas in 1858, that 
were able to exercise this right. 



The Family of Swete. 



This family was settled at Trayne or Trewin in Devonsl: 
estate they inherited from the heiress of the family of Scooi 
men Swete came into Oxfordshire with John, the ist 
Marlbro', and was in some position of trust under him, 

* * Dr. George Gierke was Judge of the Admiralty in the reij 

Advocate General to Charles and and Anne ; and in five Parliam( 

his three successors, Secretary of War of the University. Fellow k 

to Will. 3rd ; Secretary to Prince for 56 years.' Doble*s Hej 

George of Denmark ; one of the Lords p. 355, Historical Soc. 



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230 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

Dr. Thomas, ' was told me by old Rogers, the clerk of Begbroke.* 
If this be true he must be the same B. Swete so often mentioned in 
the money transactions between the Duke and the Parliament He 
probably was of service to the Duke during some of his campaigns. 
The fourth portion of the Manor of Yamton which Mr. Swete bought 
from Visct. Teviot, Jane Spencer's husband, is divided into two 
portions, one * Frice Farm,' belonging now to Mr. Geo. Walton, and 
* Paternoster,' now the property of Mr. Brain (late Walker, late Lay). 
Mr. Benjamen Swete died in 1744, and is buried in the churchyard 
at Begbroke. 

Adrien Swete succeeded to the Yarnton property, and voted in 
1754. He was the last of that family, and died in 1755. His estate 
was left to the Rev. J. Tripe, of Ashburton, who took the name of 
Swete. Within a few years of the present date, the Yamton (Frice) 
farm was sold to Mr. G. Walton, by the representatives of the Swetes, 
who appear to be resident in the south of Ireland. 

' The quarter of the Manor, Lady Tyviot's share ; money paid, but not 
to come into possession until the death of Dame Jane 12 years after. 
Dr. Short's * farm (Paternoster) — Swete's and other fragments. 

*John Hall, Tenant of Windmill farm, purchased some closes formmg 
part of the quarter share and he enclosed the frontage of waste in open 
defiance to the Dash woods, about 17 years ago V 

Mr. Swete purchased Medley, and built a gendeman's house there. 
This house afterwards served as a public house, but later on was sold 
by auction and pulled down by the piu-chaser, 25th March, 1773. 
The elevation may be seen in B. Cole's Map of Port Meadow, 1720'. 

1840, Jan. 25. A letter to the Vicar from Benjamen Swete, Rector 
of Kilbritain, Bandon, about his share to the presentation to the 
living, he acknowledges that he had no right to the presentation 
(in answer to a letter from the Vicar), but he claims manorial rights. 
He can tell nothing fiuther about his ancestor, and refers to a 
parochial history the Vicar is drawing up *. 

' Dr. Thomas Vowler Short, one of ried Mary Davis, widow of J. J. Cony- 

the family of Bickham, ca Devon, con- beare. His brother*s sons were both 

secrated Bishop of Sodor and Man in educated at New College. His sister 

1 841. Translated to St. Asaph's, married Archdeacon Wickham of Gres- 

July 27, 1846. He was educated at ford. 

Westminster, thence to Christ Church, * Gough, 91, p. 193, written in 185a. 

where he took a double first. Rector ' Wood-Clark, voL 1, p. 630, also 

of Cowley ; then of a parish near Win- Heame*s Diary, Bliss, p. 393. 

Chester, then Rector of a London parish * Gough, 91, p. 190. 
(St. George's, Bloomsbury). He mar- 



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23a HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

From a survey made of the parish in 1774 by Mr. Thomas Smith ^ 
'Yearly estimate of Great Tithes. 

4 acres meadow, Oxhay, at . . . 
3 „ „ Westmead at 

3 „ „ Pixey .... 

332 Arable land on East side of parish at 
35 acres of meadow marsh land at • * 
61 Arable on North and South sides at . 
370 Meadow ground on South sides at . 

661 acres. 

There are some meadows in the Parish near the Wolvercot field which 
are sununerfed at presenti but when mowed are Titheable as the other 
parts.' 

The above estimate shows an increase of \s, to 2J. an acre upon 
ploughed land, and a decrease of 6^. an acre upon meadow since the 
year 170 J. 

From Dr. Symonds' MSS. vol. 4, p. 41 : — 

* Yamton, 1811. Court of Exchequer. The Revd. Vaughan Thomas, 
Clerk, Plaintiff v. Hall and others, Defendants '. 

'The Pleadings being opened Mr. Dauncey for the Plaintiff stated that 
this was a bill filed by the Vicar in 1807 against certain of the Occupiers of 
the Parish of Yamton, to recover the value of the small tithes retained by 
them since Oct., 1804. The Defendants by their answer insisted that the 
Vicarage was not endowed with such Tithes and that the Vicar was not 
entitled thereto, and they refused to render him such Tithes, or to pay 
any composition for the same. No Vicar of Yamton was ever known to 
have received any Tithes in kind, but certain small money Payments had 
been made in Lieu thereof, which when the Plaintiff came to the living, 
and for above 100 years before amounted \.o £11 13/. 5^/. per ann. 

'All the Occupiers except the Defendant had in 1807 acquiesced in the 
Propriety of making a small Increase to these composition monies. The 
Plaintiff brought in evidence an ancient Roll of Institutions in the time of 
Bp. Grostete, from Lincoln, by which it appeared that the Vicarage had 
been endowed ''toto altaragio" previous to 1233, and was then worth 
£1 6j. %d, per ann. By the ecclesiastical Survey, 26th Hen. 8, it appeai^ed 
that it was a Vicarage endowed **Decimis et Terris," and was worth 
£% 5J. 4</. per ann. By a Terrier in 1807 it was shewn that the Vicarage 

* Smith's Survey of 1774 should be it may be the missing document It 

in Exeter College. It was lent in 181 a is included in another 'Survey of Lands 

to Mr. Taunton and not relumed. and Great Tithes in Yamton,* made 

These extracts are from Gough, 91, p. by Thomas Hall, 181 7. 
39. A copy of a survey without name, * This is a circular written by Dr. 

written out in the hand of Dr. Thomas, Thomas and is printed, in the library of 

is in Gough's Top. Oxon. No. 82. c. 12, All Souls*. 



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TITHES. 233 

was worth about £z^ per ann. without mentioning any Tithes ... it 
appeared 29th Hen. 8th that the Manor farm paid aor. a year to the Vicar 
for the tithes thereof! There was a great body of evidence by the de- 
position of witnesses confirming such old payments having been made for 
all Tithes, except Com, Grain, and Hay. 

*The Solicitor General for the Defendants contended that no actual 
endowment had been produced; that the entry in the Institution Roll of 
1232 although coupled with the Valor of Hen. 8 and supported by other 
Documents and by the Usage, was not sufficient evidence of its having 
been made ; that a great part of the land in the occupation of the Defendants 
was entitled to exemption ^ from Tithes as having belonged to one of the 
priviledged orders of monks, and farther that supposing the Vicarage to 
have been endowed, it appeared that the Defendants paid certain old 
Moduses, which if not good ought to have been determined by a proper 
notice. No evidence was produced to prove the Exemption, nor to rebut 
the Plaintiff's case, except three Receipts signed by him for Tithes due 
Michaelmas, 1804. 

' The Court declared that the Vicar had given the Evidence of his 
Endowment which entitled him to their Decree. 

' That the Defendants should account to the Plaintiff for their small 
Tithes and pay him the value thereof from Michaelmas, 1804, with the 
Plaintiff's costs in this suit' 

This suit cost the defendants about £800. 



The two following papers are from the archives of All Souls' 
College*:— 

The above circular is the first of the collection, which is followed 
by another printed in 1844, to the effect 

' that Mr. V. Thomas sets forth his reasons why he had not pressed the 
matter to the end in the case of the trial concerning the small tithes in 
1804, regarding several farms in Yarnton; such as the Exeter College 
Farm, because the College had courteously met him by the production of 
all their evidences; in respect to Merton College farm, because it was 
occupied by Ann Miles, a widow, as she was a poor woman ; in regard to 
Mathew Young's farm, as his father had offered in case of difficulty arising, 
to gather the tithes himself for the Vicar ; and in the matter of several 
other occupiers of land, because he had had the benefit of their affidavits. 
Again, by reason of the tithes upon several crops having been inadvertently 
left out in the bill of Complaint, and further because Mr. Joseph Rose 
occupying two farms in Yarnton and one contiguous to them in Begbroke, 
by driving his cattle out of the parish, unjustly diminishes the tithes due to 

1 Upon this exemption see p. 312. By 'Page 279 of the printed list of 
the restriction named Yarnton could not archives, 
apparently claim freedom from tithes. 



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234 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

the Vicar. All the endeavours of the Vicar to come to a peaceable decision 
having proved abortive he will henceforth pursue the course he took in 
1807 and will promote his claims if necessary in a Court of Law.' 



Letter from Mr. V. Thomas to Dr. Leightoriy Warden 0/ All Souls 
College t dated July lotA, 1844. 

Having gained his cause the Vicar writes : — 

* . . . The Vicar of Yamton loses no time in communicating to the 
Warden and Fellows of All Souls' as Patrons of the Vicarage in respect of 
every fourth presentation, that he yesterday agreed, at a meeting held in 
the Parish after due notice, to accept the sum of ;£29o per ann. as the 
amount of the future rent charge in lieu of small tithes, of which sum 
£261 6 J. %d. was settled by the Commissioners with the full consent of all 
the Representations of all the Properties of the Parish, as the amount of 
Rent charge specifically in lieu of all the Vicarial tithes: £2% 131. 4^. 
having been added thereto with the like consent by reason of the existing 
exemption of the present small tithe composition ^om all sorts of Parish 
rates. The Vicar of Yamton has then the satisfaction of knowing that at 
his decease he shall leave to his successors a living nearly ten times greater 
in value than when he accepted it in 1803. He accepted it when it in 
value was no more that ;^3i 13/. sd. he shall leave it ;f 390 o/. od. per 
annum *.' 

* From All Souls'. 



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CHAPTER III, 

The Church and its Surroundings. 

The plan of the Church of St. Bartholomew is early English \ and 
in some respects very unusual. It consists of a nave measuring 45ft. 
by 15ft pin.; a south aisle, 48ft. by 14ft ; chancel, 23ft. pin. by 13ft ; 
a fine perpendicular tower, 13ft. square inside, terminates the west end 
of the aisle, the east end of which opens into a mortuary chapel or 
chantry, as it might have been called in earlier times, where the 
remains of the Spencers rest. 

The foundation of the church dates from Saxon times ; we read of 
a chapel here belonging to Ensham Abbey as early as 1009; some 
slight remains of what might have been the ancient building are still 
to be seen in the two small windows in the chancel and the south door. 
The old tub-shaped font*, still preserved in the church, seems to be of 
this period, and was rescued from its banishment to a farm yard by 
one of the late vicars. 

The arches of the nave and the chancel-arch are of a much later 
date, and show that the church must have been rebuilt about the time 
of Bishop GrostSte, who came to the See of Lincoln in 1235. He 
probably found the ' Capella de Erdyngton ' in a sadly ruinous state, 
owing to the neglect of the patrons of the living, through the long years 
of litigation under which the parish had suffered and which were just 

^ The architectoral details here are part is cut oat to receive an octagonal 

taken from Parker's Deanery of Wood- shaped coyer, 

stock, 'Architectural Antiq.' Dr. Thomas says, 'As soon as I be* 

• From chnrchwardens* book refers came Vicar I placed the old font as a 

to this font ' Paid for mending the church relict in the aisle.' The * new 

Vant, 41.,' 161 1. 'For a covering font was obtained from the church- 

for the Font, 21s.,' i6ao. This old wardens of St. Michael's, Oxford, in 

font has a wooden stand. The top 1802.' Terrier of Yamton. 



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2^6 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

concluded. Robert Grost^te was an active Prelate, and made 
frequent visitations throughout his large diocese, and he obliged the 
Abbey of Ensham to convert its chapelry of Erdyngton into a per- 
petual vicarage ^ supported by the smaller tithes, accruing from the 
Manor and relinquished to them by the Abbey of Rewley. 

The first Vicar appears to have been one William de Cudlyngton, 
whose portrait in his conventual dress is still visible in one of the 
windows. 

The pillars of the nave are good early English (about 1 250) and have 
cushioned caps. The chancel-arch, pointed, has on each side three 
slender shafts, the middle one banded ; on the north side it is sunk, 
from the interments which have undermined it on that side *. The 
roof of the nave and of the aisle are open perpendicular work, that of 
the chancel has been plastered over in late years. 

It has been remarked that most of the churches round Oxford were 
restored in Henry VII's reign after the cessation of the Wars of the 
Roses, this was evidently the case at Yarnton. The one square- 
headed window of the perpendicular style, which is undoubtedly 
ancient, must be referred to this time. 

1611. We now come to a period when it is usually supposed that all 
tradition of Gothic building had died out from the country. How- 
ever this may have been in other places, our parish was fortunate 
enough for its next restoration to secure an architect who still re- 
membered the cunning of his craft. About the year 1 610 Sir Thomas 
Spencer xmdertook the building of a tower to the church, extensive 
alterations in the old fabric, and the erection of his own family chapel 
and mansion. The workmanship of the whole is exceptionally good, so 
is the design of the windows, and it would be impossible to assign a 
date to this work without extraneous knowledge. Similar windows 
are to be seen in Wadham College, in Hall and Chapel ; a hint from 
Professor Freeman suggests that Sir Nicholas Wadham, being a 
Somersetshire man, may have brought his architect from that county, 
where the old traditions of Gothic building lingered longest. This 

* The Vicar and a manse was then • Lysons seems to consider that 

in existence. The vicarage was made these leaning columns were made so 

a * Perpetual Vicarage by this act of intentionally ; he adduces the example 

Bishop Grost^te*s in 1 335, and the same of several Saxon churches, and gives the 

deed found that he, the Vicar, was plate of Avington church in Berks, 

bound to find lights (Luminaria) for Bucks, vol. i» p. 204. See Holywell 

the altar of Yarnton Church.' See p. church, Oxford, where the inclination 

219. is very apparent. 



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THE CHURCH. 237 

being so, what is to prevent the possibility of Sir Thomas Spencer 
employing the same man? The date of 161 1, with initial T. S., 
is placed over the window of the tower, outside. 

The arch opening from the tower into the aisle is coeval with the 
tower, and is closed by a screen of carved oak. Originally this was 
only a pair of doors, and has been filled up to keep out the draughts. 
Over this door is a' painted shield bearing the Royal arms, and it is 
worthy of notice as being a very rare example of the Royal arms, 
prior to the Commonwealth, remaining in a church. 

An order was issued from Parliament in Feb., 1651 : — 

^ that the King's arms be removed and those of the State be placed in their 
room.' 

The shield in question bears the date 'Kjng Ch. I 1634.' The 
bearings are quarterly ist and 4th counter-quartered France and Eng- 
land, 2nd Scotland, 3rd Ireland. 

1616. This year the porch over the south door was built, partly at 
the expense of the parish, but the leaf is missing for this year from the 
old book. 

i6ao. A door was put to this porch four years later, and was care- 
fully catalogued ever after with the church plate, 

1620. * For a dore to the church porch, a a/. 3<£' * For roughcasting the 
church porch, lor. 3^' ' For painting the church porch and north dore, 
a/. 6i/.' 

The porch, as it is seen at present, is ornamented within by a 
Jacobean plaster scroll and four shields bearing a lion rampant 
crowned, the arms of Rewley Abbey, and between them four fleur- 
de-lys. 

The reason for committing the door of the porch to the church- 
wardens' care seems to be that vagrants considered that they had a 
prescriptive right to * squat ' in the church porch. The writer re- 
members such an incident at Souldem. A thrifdess family took 
possession of the porch, the door having been doing duty in a pig-sty 
for many years past. After repeated evictions and recriminations a 
new door was provided and kept locked. 

At this time also considerable repairs were effected such as new 
timbers, painting and reglazing the windows, and the floor was levelled 
up in 1635. 

The Puritan party, in their insane horror of superstition, had 
degraded the Christian altar to a conamon deal table set in the middle 



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238 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

of the church, round which men sat with their hats on to receive the 
sacrament; the High Church party, with better feeling, strove to 
restore greater propriety and dignity to the house of God, and under 
Archbishop Laud an order in Coimcil was given, ordaining that the 
altars should be restored to the east end of the church and ' railed 
round to prevent the profanation by dogs ^' 

To this order seems to be due the erecting of the new altar rails in 
this church. 

Expenses about the Church. 

1636. 'Paid to Deane the mason for making the battlements, 30/. 
C. W. Book. 

i6ag. ' For taking a day for the Chancel, is, 6^. 

1638. * For making the Rayles before the Cora. Table ; to John Farmer, 
a Joyner in "Witney, £2, For the iron work, \s. For the carriadge fr6 
Witney to Yarton of the rayles for the cofn table, 2/. 6</, Pd. for breaking 
ao stones in the Chancel, 3^.*' 

This ordinance was followed in 1642 by another emanating from 
the House of Commons, when a Bill was passed for 

* the taking away of all Innovations in any churches or chappels that hath 
been set up within this ao yeares — ^as the Altar Rayles before the Coift 
table. Pictures, Images or Crucifixes' and that all Chancels be laid even 
and the steps before the com table or Altar be taken away *.' 

To this may be referred the following : — 

164a. ' Paid to Carter of Grossmead for mending the pavement <^ the 
church, ij.*' 

When peace was again restored, after the death of the King, the 
churchwardens, urged doubtless by the new Vicar, Dr. John Goad, 
who was a very able man, turned their attention to repairing the 
damage suffered by the church either through neglect or the chances 
of war. For years Yamton had lain in the highway of the traffic of 
both armies, and from the extent of the repairs, the church would 
appear to have suffered considerably, remembering that it was litde 
more than thirty years since the restoration by Sir Thomas Spencer. 

1650. A contract was made with one Thomas Scrivener, who under- 
took to keep the church in repair 

' for soe much as he was employed about for the space of seven years, 
provisoe that the parish would find wood for his use.' 

^ Pictorial England. Archbishop ' Scobell's Acts, &c., chh. 17 and 

Laud at the same time ordered the use 38. 

of surplices. * Perfect Diurnal, 21st March, 1642. 

» C. W. Book. » C. W. Book. 



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THE CHURCH. 239 

16511-4-5. The windows were reglazed and mended, one window 
stopped up, a new seat was made ' where the maids sit,' and the tower 
repaired ; several men were employed upon it for fourteen days, and 
' fine stones to match the old work ' procured. 

1655. * Pd. to Peter Hanks for 16 dales work at the foot of the Tower, 
£1 4J. 6i/.' * Do. 12 dales \ work about the Tower, i8j. 7^.' * To Daniel 
Hill for 15 daies work serving the men about the Tower, 13J. 6<^.' * For 
free stone a load ^nd |, 71. 6^/.' ' For two loads of choice stone to fit the 
old worke when the Tower was mended, 3/. ^d* * For five bushells of 
lime and carnage from Oxon, 5J, i</.' * To Edward Hutt for a daies work 
in laying the stone rubbage in the church yard, %d* 

1665. * For a board for the table of marriages, 44/.' 

1709. ' For cutting down the Ivy, u. Pd. Will, Parron for Whitening 
and Beautifying the inside of the church and for Plastering the outside, 

l^ 5^. o^.' 

1715. *For work done on the "Bartlemay" over the church, a/. 6^. 
C. W. Book.' 

1705. ' Roughcasting the Church and mending the windowsi £1 6/. dd^ 

1710. * Pd. the Clerk for going to Oxford for some sentences of Scripture 
to put up in the Church, u.' 

1713. ' For making a drain behind the Church, u.' 

The church was repaired in 1793 by Alderman Fletcher, who also 
gave the present font and placed the two shields upon the north door 
bearing his own and the Spencer arms, with the dates 1611, 1811. 

The alabaster reredos was also the gift of the same Alderman 
Fletcher : it had been discovered under a floor in a house near 
St. Edmund's Hall. 

There were originally six panels, and until late years five remained, 
now there are only four. It is not known who removed the two 
missing parts, which were these two first named: — No. i. A female 
figure crowned, with a sceptre in her hand, before whom stands a king 
and other figures ^. No. 2. The two Marys kneeling at the foot of 
the Cross, on which appears the crucified Saviour received into the 
Mantle of the Deity. No. 3. The Wise Men's oflfering. No. 4, The 
betrayal with a kiss. No. 5. The bearing of the Cross. No. 6. The 
crucified Saviour on His mother's lap. 

From the hanging sleeves of the soldiers, in the betrayal scene, it is 
supposed that the date of this sculpture must be the early part of the 
fifteenth century, the reigns of Henry IV and V ^ 

» Skelton s Oxford. * Notes by Dr. V. Thomas. 



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340 HISTORY OF YARNTON, 

The Church Leads. 

The lead roof was in need of repair soon after Sir Thomas Spencer's 
restorations. In 1619 a large sum was spent upon it, upwards of £20 
in two years. In 1627 the lead was recast at the cost of £11, and 
carriage of same *for canying to Woodstock and back, lox.' In 

1655 

* It was agreed between Mr. Pudsey and Mr. Hopkins that Thomas 
Richards alias Needham of Woodstock should keep the leads of the parish 
church of Yamton in sufficient repair for 7 years.' 



The Church Windows. 

The east window of the church consists of three early English 
lancets with foliated heads under one arch, the middle one the tallest. 
The glass in the centre light, a large figure of St. Bartholomew, above 
which is a head of our Lord and below a modern figure of the same. 
In the side lights are two shields of arms and seven medallions of 
various subjects, most unsuitable to their position. Upon the north 
side of the chancel are two small windows, one pointed, one round 
headed, both deeply recessed from within and splayed ; they are both, 
filled with scraps of grisaille glass, and in one of them were once the 
arms of Clare : or, three chevrons gules ^. 

The easternmost window of the nave is ancient, proved so by the 
remains of old glass in the head. It is a square-headed three lighted 
window of perpendicular work. In the tracery are four perfect figures 
and two broken. The two first represent two monks, one in the 
black habit *, the other in the white, representing probably the two 
abbeys, patrons of Yamton ; the middle figures are an Abbot with 
crosier and label ' Nicolaus,' the other an Archbishop, * St. Thomas'; 
the third pair of figures have only their heads remaining, one a woman 
with a nimbus and her name therein. Sea Julias (?), the other a man 
with bascinet cap and name illegible. The lights of this window are 
filled with incongruous pieces, several coats of arms, evidently brought 
from Oxford, and several medallions. In the centre light is a pretty 
* Virgin and Child/ a large angel with ' M. Magdalena ' beneath it, and 
four small quarries of birds in quaint device. 

The birds in these quarries are beautifully drawn and finely 

» Wood, MS. E. I. liam de Cndlinton the first Vicar of 

* Dr. Thomas says, 'Probably Wil- Yamton.* 



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THE CHURCH. 241 

executed. They are allegorical of divers states of life and their 
mottoes are as follows : — 

I. ' Make the poure to pray well.' 
a. ' Be styll or ellis saye welL* 

3. * And make god thy frende.* 

4. *At thy last ende.' 

In the window behind the door the subjects are : — 
I St A hen in fashionable head-dress, middle fifteenth century, and 
a deep gauze veil hanging down her neck with the motto 
* Greete richlynge greete.' 
2nd. An owl ringing a bell with the legend 

* We must pray for the Fox.' 
3rd. A bird of the tit kind holding a flat dish in its claw, girded as 
a cellarer ¥dth belt and key, motto 

« Who blameth this ale ? ' 
4th. A skull. 

The first and third lights are both heraldic, and the third a square 
upon which is represented a missionary preaching from a book in a 
field, with a staff in his hand. 

The second window of nave, behind the door, is two-lighted, per- 
pendicular style. In the head of this window is an * Eye of Provi- 
dence ' surrounded by rays. In each light a large square, the Virgin 
and Child and St Christopher, the arms of Magdalen and Queen's 
Colleges, several quarries representing birds bearing mottoes, and two 
white Tudor roses; the first a double white rose, seeded or, regally 
crowned of the last, with the inidals H. R. Henry VIII for the Duke- 
dom of York ; the second a double white rose regally crowned, behind 
which are nine arrows, one in pale the rest saltirewise, points down- 
wards, or, feathered argent. The rose is for Henry VIII, the arrows for 
Queen Katherine of Arragon. The arrows are sadly emblematical 
of the poor Queen's marriage ; this manner of representing the device 
seems to be unusual '. 

The west window of nave has three lights and six squares of ancient 



* Mottoes from a little pamphlet arrows, crowned and sorroimded by 

printed by Shrimpton, Oxforid, 1844, rays, was a badge borne by Qneen Mary 

upon the heraldic devices in Yamton Tndor in remembrance of her iiBither 

church, by Mr. Henry Gough. and mother. See La Croix, Science 

A double white rose intersected down and Literature of the Middle Ages and 

the middle, impaling a bundle of the Renaissance, p. 315. 



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242 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

The tower window, good perpendicular work. Head of window 
filled with curious orange coloured glass and the rest with scraps of 
old glass. 

Two little pointed one-lighted windows in the aisle, old glass. One 
two-lighted window containing twelve lovely medallions of various 
scripture subjects. 

Three two-lighted clerestory windows. 

The whole of the glass in the church, with the exception of the old 
figures in the north-east window, is the gift of Alderman Fletcher. 



1630-85. The churchwardens' book contains many entries for re- 
pairing the windows. 
1620. * Stopping five and twenty quarrels, 2/.' 

One window was stopped up in 1652. For glazing the church 
windows in 1685, £1 15J. 3^. 
1703. * For mending the church windows that the Wind blew down, 8j.' 

The great storm that this refers to was an event of national interest, 
from the havoc it caused throughout the south part of our island. It 
began upon the evening of the 26th of November, and increased in 
violence during the night until seven the following morning. During 
this fearful night every ship, save four, laying at anchor in the Thames 
was destroyed. Dr. Kidder, the Bishop of Bath and Wells, was 
crushed in bed with his wife by the fall of a chimney stack in the 
Palace at the same time. This hurricane is recorded in many places, 
especially at Tetbury, where the spire of the church was blown down. 
Such a public misfortune was met by public prayer and fasting : — 

*A form of prayer concerning the Wind.' *A book of Proclamation 
for a fast concerning the Wind.' 



The Church Clock. 

Evidence remains that the parish possessed a clock at an early 
period, William Durbridge, the village blacksmith, was charged with 
the care of it, and received the half-yearly wage of 6j. 8^. The first 
entry of this occurs in 1611; whether the clock was part of Sir 
William Spencer's gift when he built the tower does not appear. 

1611. * Pd. Durbridge for his wage for the clock due at our Lady Day, 
6/. 8i/.' ' Do. to Will Durbridge for keeping the clock and ringing the 
bell.' * Do. for making a new spring to the Clock, 15//.* 



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THE CHURCH. 343 

Thirty years later the old clock was exchanged for a new one. 

1641. *Paid for the Clock besides the old Clock, £1 18/. od: 'To 
Francis Mall for seven daies' work about the clock and clock house, ds^ 

* For a pair of hinges for the clock house door, 8^.' 

1648. * To Thomas Rankling for mending the clock, 15/.' 

1658. * Paid to Widow Rankling for do., £1 1 is, odJ * For carrying the 
clock to mending, i/.' 

1651. * A pound of wire for the clock, is. 4^. The smith and his boy 
for coming over to mend it, 3/. Sd,* * For mending him again when the 
Rogue pulled him in peeces, is J * For carrying the wheeles on my back 
to Oxford three times to mend, is* 

1665-6. ' For mending, taking down the hand and setting it up again.* 

* Pd. Mr. Weller for mending the Clock and the hand, £1 oj. od* 

x68o. * Pd. Mike Deen for clensing of the clock, is J * Pd. for mending 
the thing that winds up the clock, is. 2d.' 

1681. * Spent with the clock maker for taking down the hand, u.' * For 
a horse to carry the clock to Fretwell, 2s.' * For a man to goe with the 
clock, IS* 

1682. 'Pd. Mr. Harris of Fretwell for mending the clock, £1 los. od.* 
' Pd. to Duglas for the Diall board and other work, 9s.* ' For their charges 
at the "Six Bells" and others to helpe them put up the Diall, 9/. lod.* 

* Paid the smith for the hookes and staples, is. 6d.' * Paid Matthews for 
painting the Diall and 6d. spent with him, £1 los. odJ ' Paid the Witney 
clock maker the last time coming over and expenses, a/.* ' To the Oxford 
clock maker and the painter Hamilton coming and expenses, ^s.* 

1685-6. ' Pd. for making clean the clock, a/. 6d.* * Pd. to Will Coasin 
for mending the Pendulum, is.' 

1699. * Paid to Robart Sivers for mending the windliss of the clock, 6d.* 

1703. 'Pd. Mr. Nibb for mending the clock, 13/.' 

1716. * For a new hand, £1 i6s. od.' 

1730. 'Pd. Mr. Aress of Kidh'ngton for mending the clock and the 
Tenner Clapper, 8/.' 

The clock and the bells appear to have been a heavy charge upon 
the parish for repairs. No doubt the village blacksmith's was very 
unskilled labour, and damaged as much as he mended. 



An old church clock of iron, dated 1695, and made apparently by 
the village blacksmith, was taken out of the church at Lower Heyford 
at the restoration of that church about 1867-8. It was driven by 
heavy stone weights*. It seems very probable that the church of 
Yamton possessed a clock before the present tower was built, from 
the dates in the account book. 

^ Wing's Annals, Bicester Poor Law Union, part a. 
R 2 



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244 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 



The Church Plate, &c. 

The Church plate and other articles kept in the chest or coffer 
with three locks, were very carefully enumerated in the church- 
wardens' book each year, and given over to the charge of the church- 
wardens for the time being. This custom extended from the year 
1 6 ID until 1660, after which only one entry occurs. Some of the 
articles catalogued seem rather incongruous to us. 

The list begins with the purchase of a pewter flagon. 

1610. * loth March. Pd. for a Ewer for to fill wine into the Cofli Cupp 
and for a plate for the bread, 3/. 1 1<£* 

i6n. ' Delivered by ffrancis Parett unto Samuel Criche. Item, Imprimis 
a communion Cupp and cyver of silver ; Item, a surplisse ; Item, a Pulpit 
cloth ; Item, a Table cloth of lynnen ; Item, an Ewer of Pewter ' ; Item, 
an Iron barre; Item, a doggehooke^ Item, an Anvill with Rinald' (a 
man's name). 

161Q. * The Implements a Communion cup of silver with the rest of the 
Implements Delivered unto Steven Townsend the last yeare remain in 
S. T.'s hand stilL' 

1619. ' Received for the old Communion table, 3/. %d^ 

* Pd. for a Pall to cover the Dead and the makinge, 1 1 j. 8^' 
'Pd. for a chest with three lockes, 12/. ^d} 

1620. * Delivered to Anthony Cross and Edward Galloway, C. W/s. Imp., 
a communion table and cloth and carpet ; Item, a pall of black' cloth ; Item, 
a silver cup with a cover of the same ; Item, a pewter Ewer and a saucer 
of pewter ; Item, a pulpit cloth ; Item, an iron barre and dog-hooke.' 

1699. 'Steven Townsend to be church Warden and Mr. Leigh with 

* The following from the Derbyshirt water respectively, for which the an- 
Arch, Soc. Journal, 1884, vol. 6, cient crewets or phials had been pro- 
will explain the introduction of the vided. The earliest flagons are of 
flagon : — Elizabeth's time. They have a pear- 

* The great increase in the size of the shaped body, domed lid with thumb- 
crewets used at Holy Communion ne- piece, curved handle, and are mounted 
cessitated at the Rdformation by the on a spreading circular foot* 
restoration of the cup to the laity gave "A 'doghook' was a heavy iron 
a great impetus to the general use of hook and chains used for dragging 
pewter for these vessels, and hence the timber. Some light may be thrown 
use of that metal in poor despoiled upon the use of the ' doghook * by the 
churches denuded even to the chalice and following. In the list of church goods 
paten. The pewter crewets of the 15th at Tetbury in 163a occurs 'towne 
and 1 6th centuries which had sufficed crookes with chaines fastened upon 
for the ordinary parish church, being poules.* Can this be the Town Bar? An 
enlarged to meet the needs of the age iron bar was used in village sports for 
became what we now term flagons. trying the strength of the young men 
They were usually in pairs and were who threw it. Can this be the item 
intended to be used for the wine and mentioned? 



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THE CHURCH. 245 

him. The things belonging to the Church to be with the C W.'s except 
the doghooke.' 

* PcL for the new coffi cup more than the old one came to, £,1 i6j. id! 

1630. * Pd. for the com table and for the frame, 1 1 j. Pd. for fetching 
it from Oxford, la^/. Pd. for three yards and a quarter of skey coller 
broad cloth at 11/. the yarde, £^\ \^s,od,\ Item for four ounces 3 qrs. of 
silk firinge at aj. and 8^. the oz., la/. %d, ; Item for half a yarde of fringe 
more, 7^ ; Item payde to the Tayler for makinge the Carpet for the CoA 
Table, \2d: 

163a. * Paid to Mr. Right of Oxford for a com plate ' (torn oflf). 

1636. 'At the Delivery of the accounts these ornaments hereunder 
named were delivered to Uie new chosen C. W. Imp., a fair silver fflagon 
given now lately by Richard Brainthwaite, Esq., to this church for the use 
of the Communicants of this parish at the CoA. Item, a silver challice and 
cover of the same ; Item, a silver plate ; Item, a com table carpett, a 
diaper cloth, a plaine linnen table cloth ; a pall for the buriall of the Dead ; 
a pulpitt cloth ; a pewter Ewer and pewter saucer ; besides an iron barre 
and a doghooke ; two pair of surplisses.' 

1638. •*' For the engraving Mr. Brainthwaite's arms on our coA flaggon, 6/.' 

The same list appears increased by 

1653. * Item, the church porch door.* 

1655. 'Mem. that the Church Plate as it is recorded an 1653 was 
delivered up into the hands of Mr. Pudsie with the linnen and PalL And 
Edward Maple acknowledged he had the Town Bar.' (Signed J. Goad, V.) 

The same list in Mr. Pudsey's hands — 

1656. ' The iron barr delivered to Mr. Pudsey with staple and hook and 
three lockes, the blue carpet in custody of the Vicar.^ 

1659. ' Church plate, viz. the Flagon, the chalice, and the silver plate 
were delivered into the hands of Mr. Leigh with the Pall and Diaper. 
The Barr is also in Mr. Leigh's custody; three locks, staple and hook 
with the Vicar ; blue carpet at the Church.' 

x66o. 'Church Plate delivered to Robert Phipps, the Barr is in 
Mr. Leigh's custody; the locks, staple and hook with the Vicar. Blue 
carpet for the coA table was lost out of the Church.* 

x66i. ' The church plate ex., as the fiOagon, Bole^ Chalice, Plate, table 
cloth, black cloth, iron barre are in the hands of Steven flfourtrey '.' (The 
last entry.) 

X684. ' A new Basket for the Plate.' 

1706. * A new dore for the Chancel, 6/. 5^/.' 

1708. ' Paid for a new cloth for the coA Table, 13J. 6^.' 

' A note in Dr. Thomas' handwriting possesses (181 8) with the addition of 

appears in the C. WV book here; * The Mr. Fletcher's salver ' (signed, V. 

list of plate in 1656 is a correct enu- Thomas), 
meration of what the Parish now 



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246 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

Notes relating to The Administering the Sacrament and provid- 
ing the bread and wine : — 

By the Canon of 1603-4 the churchwardens of each parish against 
the time of every communion 

vide sufficient quantity of good wholesome wine for the number 
Linicants that shall from time to time receive there ; which wine 
e to be brought to the Communion Table in a clean and sweet 
)0t or stoup of pewter if not of purer metal.' 

rder seems to have been carefully carried out as follows : — 

and wine at Christmas, 6^. Do. againste Fame Sunday, 2s. id,* 
r Ester Eve and Ester Day, 3/. 2d, Do. Whitsuntide, la^.' 
lentide, 19^. (St. Bartholomew's). Do. Micalmas, a/. %d* 
unday, is\d. Do. the next Sunday, i^\dJ 
Bread and wine for the Cofi on Palm Sunday beinge the 
, i^d: 

1 E^ter Day beinge the a4th March, a/. 7^.' 
1 Lowe Sunday beinge the last of March, 7^.' 
For bread and wine for Mrs. Claxton, 7^.' 
For bread and wine for old Sparkes his household for a cofli 

Received of the gentlemen at the Manor House for their 
at Christmas, 4/.' 

For two quarts of wine and a penny loafe the 34th November at 
irte, 3 J. i^. Do. againste Christmas at 2od, a quarte, 3/. 5^.' 
alme Sundaye 5 pints of wine, 41.' 

For three pints of sacke and a lofe of bread for the Sunday after 
' Daye at 22d, a quarte, 2s, 4^.' 
iree pints of claret wine and a lofe of bread againste Christ Day, 

' For the Coffi the Sunday after Michaelmas Day, for 3 pints of 

of claret i quart, u., lofe of bread, id,^ 

Laide out for bread and wine both on Palme Sunday and Easter 

and above what was contributed by a collection to that purpose, 

roUection, as may be scene, came to *js, ^d, — 3/. Sd* 

' For bread and wine at MidsuSier, u. ^d* 

Sep. 39. Paid for bread and wine when Sir Thomas received 

ment, 3/. 5//.' 



Burials in the Church. 

igh interments have been numerous in the church, we should 
)thing of them except from the old parish account book, 
ig in the way of monuments has disappeared, and the few 
the pavement are worn and obliterated. The fee for burial 



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THE CHURCH. 247 

in the church was 3J. 4</.\ which seems to have been the general 
charge at that time for a grave. The charge made for a grave is an 
index to the worldly condition of the person, and varied with his 
fortune. The greater number of burials were from the families of 
the churchwardens, and are of no further interest. A few entries 
referring to strangers may be interesting, showing the connection 
between this place and families from the neighbourhood. 

1619. * Received of John Owen for a burial of a child in the church, 
3^. Ad: 
1634. * Received the gift of John Owen to the church, £^2^ 

* Paid for putting up John Owen's name in the church, i j. %d: 

There appears to have been some difficulty in getting this money, for 
1694. ' Pd. for fetching John Owen's money at several times, u.' 

We have no further information about this family, or whether they 
were part of the family of Owen of Godstow, who once owned this 
manor. 

The next refers to people from Kidlington : — 

i6a8. * Received of Mr. Will. Gadbury for burying his cousin Aldridge 
in the church.' 

* Received of Howse of Water Eaton for burying Mr. William Gadbury 
in the church.' 

1639. ' Received of Mr. Clarkson, Executor to Mr. Thomas Aldridge^ 
which he gave to the church, ;^io.' 

* Received of Mr. Benet Aldridge, Executor to Mr. Will. Gadbury, which 
he gave to the church . . . (torn out).' 

One of the poor fellows who fell fighting near here was buried. 

1643. * Received for the burial of Edward Fowler in the church, 6j. 8^.' 

From the Registry we learn that he was an Ensign in Colonel 
Bolle's regiment. 

An infant which had been sent here to nurse died. Probably 
belonging to the Shipton family. 

1653. Jan. * For laying down Mr. Standard's childs' grave, i/.' 

From the Register we learn, 

1643, Get. 38. * The daughter of Mr. Rob. Standard, nurse child to 
M. P. was buried.' 

* The scale for ' Mortuaries,' that is If worth /30 in moYeable goods (5j. %d, 
fees for burials, was arranged upon a „ £^ „ „ lor. od, 
sliding scale. No person who was not a This scale is thns fixed in the old 
householder was bound to pay the fees. Register of Souldem. 

A person worth 10 marks paid 31. 4^/. 



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^48 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

1658. ' Received of Mistr. Pudsey for burying her kinswoman, 4J. 4^/.' 

George Pudsey was churchwarden, probably the lawyer from 
Oxford who was acting for the Spencers. The Pudseys came from 
Elsfield. 

Another name we learn from Rawlinson. 

' In hopes of a joyfiiU resurection Here resteth the body of Thos. Hellat, 
Gent, who died June 16, 17 14, aged 44'.' 



Yamton's latest friend and benefactor, Alderman William Fletcher, 
lies at the west end of the church, under an altar-shaped monument, 
with the words upon it : — 

'Yamton my childhood's home do thou receive 
My parting gift — ^my dust to thee I give.' 

Mr. Fletcher had been sent to Yamton as a child to be nursed by 
the wife of the parish clerk. He became Mayor of Oxford three 
times, and never forgot his early home. The figure engraved upon 
brass upon the tomb was done at his desire, an attempt to revive a 
forgotten art. Alderman Fletcher was a great collector of antiquities, 
especially of stained glass. Besides his gifts to the church of Yamton, 
he presented two large windows to the picture gallery in Oxford. He 
died in his house in Oxford opposite to the Museum (Ashmolean), 
Oct 27, 1827*. • 

A portrait of the Alderman, by Dighton, may be seen in the Hope 
Collection ; also in Dr. Symond's MSS., vol. 9, inscribed : — 
* The Father of the Corporation " Omnibus Carus." ' 
His bust is in the Picture Gallery at the Bodleian. He appears to 
have been buried in an ancient stone coffin, presented to him by Lord 
Abingdon, which had been dug up upon the site of the Conventual 
Church at Godstow. 

' Fletcher had it enclosed in a brick grave near the north door of the 
church at Yamton, covered with a black marble ^' 



Table of Benefactions in the Church. 

i6n. The first Sir Thos. Spencer built the tower, the great aisle, 
and gave a peal of bells. 

* Rawl. 379, Hutton's, col. B. 400. C. ' Dr. V. Thomas. 

This name appears in pp. 359 and a6i. * Dr. Symonds' MSS., voL 4, p. 268. 



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THE CHURCH. 249 

1634. The second Sir William Spencer erected the screens at the 
entrance of the aisle and belfry, pulpit and reading desk. 

1684. Rent charge of £10 upon Windmill Field. 

1793. Alderman Fletcher new paved and pewed the church, and 
painted it. 

1801. He gave a silver salver. 

1813. He gave the windows of painted glass and the door of the 
south porch. 

1817. Erected a school-house, &c. 



The following was summoned before the Bishop's Court for work- 
ing upon a Saint's day: — 

1691. 13th June. * John Even of Erdington called . . . that his servant 
did thresh on St. Marks dale last in the mominge but unknowne to this 
examinant that it was a hoUidaie untill it was told him by one of his 
servants and uppon present knowledge he discharged his servant from his 
said labour . . . and further that uppon urgent occasion his maide servant 
did winnowe a little wheate on Candlemas dale but for the provisioning of 
his house and uppon noe other occasion K* 

He was dismissed with an admonition. 



Accommodation in the Church. 

From a Terrier in the Diocesan Registry signed by V. Thomas, 
1855, the following is transcribed: — 

'. . . Without doubt the church held many more before than since it has 
been repewed.' 

* I recently added to the length of the Labourers' open seats and provided 
sittings for the school children. The present sittings may be calculated 
and returned thus — There are 410 measured feet of benches in and out of 
the Pews and according to the rule of ao inches for an adult and 18 for a 
child there will be 315 sittings for adults and 34 for children : total 349 — 
without reckoning 14 sittings in the chancel and perhaps 36 in the Spencer 
aisle.' 

The Churchyard. 

* I enclosed a little nook off the waste just at the entrance gate near the 
Vicarage wall, it may be i a or 14 feet long by 4 or 5 feet at the broadest 
part It is not consecrated and there have been no burials in it, there is 
abundance of room without it' * The churchyard is ancient' V. T. 

' Court Book of Bishop of Oxford. Extracts, Turner's MSS. Top. Oxon, 
c. 56. Colls, of Oxon, XV. 



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a5o HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

Since then the Churchyard has been extended, and the new part 
consecrated. 



The School. 

The first mention of a school at Yamton is that kept in the 
vicarage house by the Vicars, Hugh Evans and Nath. Harris, in 
the reign of Charles I. A Sunday school was established, to which 
the Overseers paid i8j. a year from the year 1797. Alderman Fletcher, 
as part of his benefactions towards the parish school, gave a small 
residue of a sum of money left for the repairs of the Clerk's house. 
The school was first established as a Dame school at the Clerk's 
house until the year 18 17, when Mr. Fletcher built the existing house 
for the Clerk. He refused to build a separate school house, but 
agreed that the ground floor room in that house should be used 
as a school with the consent of the Clerk, and paying him £2 per 
annum out of Fletcher's fund. The house cost him £500 in building. 
The Clerk's wife being the schoolmistress the arrangement worked 
well. 

Hynms sung by the school children of Yamton before and after 
dinner. (Dr. Thomas.) 

Before Dinner. 
* Father of Heaven ! God of love ! 

O send Thy blessing from above 

Upon whate'er we have to eat, 

And on our lips as well as meat. 

Make us to bless and praise Thee, Lord, 
For the sweet manna of Thy Word, 
The meat and drink Thy Gospel gives. 
To feed our souls, and form our lives. 

For strength of faith, for health of grace. 
To run with joy our mortal race ; 
Then die in peace, and with the blest 
Find Christ our Comfort, Ransom, Rest.' 

After Dinner. 
*For the food we have received. 
For strength, and health, and wants relieved, 
We thank our God with one accord, 
Through Jesus Christ, His Son, our Lord.' 



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CHAPTER IV. 

Churchwardens' Accounts. 

Processionings and Perambulations. 

1230. * Upon a grant of the Bishop of Lincoln, for observing of proces- 
sions and other solemnities, to Ensham Church, in obedience to the Mother 
Church of Lincoln, during Whitsun Week, many of the Oxford scholars, 
repairing thither to see jovial doings, were assaulted by the country people, 
who killed some and wounded others, and made the rest fly home in fear 
and danger of their lives. The bishop hearing it, excommunicated the 
authors and abettors of this sedition, in all the churches of Oxfordshire, 
excluding them the society of all Christians, and depriving them of the 
benefit of confession till the feast of St. Bartholomew ; the scholars also 
resented this injury so highly that they intermitted all lectures, and would 
not resume them till the offenders had undergone the severest punish- 
ments ; and when they did, the bishop procured of the Pope a permission 
for the doctors and masters of Oxford to become lecturers and regents in 
any other University without any examination ^.' 

Such is the notice we find of the beginning of these Whitsuntide 
processionings as far as our diocese of Lincohi is concerned, and it 
may account for the existence of the two beautiful crosses, at Yamton 
and at Ensham, which within recent years were connected by others 
in and about Cassington. 

These processions at the end of the Vernal Quarter were general 
throughout Christendom, and were instituted by the Church in very 
early times as a means of calling down the blessing of Heaven upon 
the earth and upon those preparing for Ordination. In some cases 
they may possibly be the continuation in a Christian manner, of 
ancient pagan rites consecrating this period of the year. 

The clergy and their people set out from the church door at 
Ensham with processional cross and Holy Water Vat, and sang the 

* Cox, Magna Britta, vol. 4, p. 380. Cough's Gen. Top., 306. Cox gives no 
authority for his statement. 



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a52 HISTORY OF YARNTON, 

Litanies along their way. The place * Vocat Alleluiah,' in the Parish 
of Yamton, is most likely the site of one of the stations along the 
road, perhaps also * Paternoster ' farm. 

The two crosses still standing are almost identical in design — a 
beautifully executed four-sided shaft with sculptured images and 
canopies on either face. The four figures round the base of the cross 
are four knights kneeling upon the left knee ; the figures above are an 
ecclesiastic in a cope, and three standing figures in monastic garments. 
They stand under foliated canopies. 

Such crosses were frequent in those days of faith (though the 
rough usage described above says little for the practice) when men 
were not ashamed outwardly to praise God and beg his blessing upon 
their crops. The road from Woodstock to Godstow, along which Fair 
Rosamund was carried for burial, was marked out by such crosses and 
in the same religious manner the gallant Edward marked the last 
progress of his beloved Consort. Closer to home we may still see the 
cross at Thrup, and the names of many others are still familiar. 

Set up at a market place the Cross recalled men to fair dealing, 
and at the wayside it reminded them of the last end of their earthly 
pilgrimage. 

After religious observance was changed, outward form gradually 
dwindled away, and the remnant that remained was shorn of all its 
inward significance and the Rogation Processions became simply a 
village ' gaudy,' and a convenient occasion for impressing the parish 
boundaries upon the lookers on. 

Each year the churchwardens recorded their expenses upon this 
day, but they tell us nothing beyond the usual meagre details of the 
sale and purchase of beer and cake, and bread and cheese ; if we 
would know more of the amusement of the day we must study the 
history of the Lady of the Lamb at Kidllngton and Ensham, no 
doubt the same plan of rejoicing would equally apply to all these 
villages. 

The following are from the C. W.s' book : — 

1610. 34 May. ' Paid for bread and beere at the tyme of goinge in 
Procession, 16^.' 

i6ia. 'Paid Forty for the processioninge, 32^. For bread and beare at 
the Procession, aj.' 

i6ao. * Received for the Whitsonale, lu. 4^.' 

i6ao. April 3. * Cakes and bread for the Perambulation, a j. 51/.* 

1636. * For p vizions at the Procession, 6j* 



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PARISH BOOKS. ^53 

1641. 'Paid J. Saunders for 12 bushels of malt for Whitsuntide. 
id. over 8 groats and 2d. per bushel.' 
1682. ' For bread and cakes, yj. ; 5 bushels of malt, 15J. ; 4 cheeses, 4/.' 

During the Puritan times the processions like every other form of 
amusement appear to have ceased, but began again after the Restora- 
tion. The May Pole was set up once more in 1663. 

The cost of these Perambulations, which only seem to have been 
held every second or third year, steadily increased until 1722, when it 
amounted to £1. 8^. od, with i^. for the clerk. 



Smoke Farthings or Whitsun Farthings. 

Under the above name we recognise the ofiferings of the Faithful at 
the yearly Whitsuntide meetings, which were called by the name of 
Pentecostals, Whitsun or Smoke Farthings ; showing by the latter 
term that they were collected from each hearth. The custom arose 
from the ancient oblations ^^^/y offered by the people when they 
made their yearly procession, and which in course of time were 
commuted for an annual rent *. The offerings were divided into four 
parts, viz. one for the priest, one for the poor, one towards the repair 
of the church, and the fourth to the Bishop. We sslj freely offered, 
for in treating of Yarnton it must not be forgotten that this church, as a 
member of Ensham, was free from all dues except * Peter Pence,' and as 
the property of the Cistercians was also exempt from any other liability. 

Of these Whitsuntide Farthings we have no account in Yarnton, but 
to another tax arising from a different source and known also as 
Smoke Farthings we now turn : — 

* Focage, Hearth or Smoke Money ' dates in England from the wars 
of the Plantagenet Kings in France ; Edward the Black Prince im- 
posed it upon the conquered province of Aquitaine. Chimney money 
was again imposed by statute in Charles IFs reign*, but abolished 
in I Will, and Mary, being looked upon as a remnant of slavery, 
probably on account of the breach of privacy it entailed in its collec- 
tion, and the window tax was imposed instead. 

However, we find 'Smoke Farthings' again levied in 1702, con- 

' In the year 1444 Bishop Alnwick of ' Chimney money is mentioned in 

Lincoln in ordering the collection of Wood's Life and Times, Clark, 1891, 

this money calls it * Lincoln Farthings.' vol. i, pp. 431-433. * 166J, i8th Feb- 

Cowell's Law Dictionary, nnder Pen- mary. Parliament, and in that session 

tecostals, Fuage, or Focage, also Jor- was the additional revenue of chimney 

dan's History of Enstone. money added to the King.' 



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254 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

sequent, probably, to a short Act passed that year, ' for making good 
the public credit,' and which revived several obsolete impositions. 
The tax was levied twice in the year, at Lady Day and Michaelmas ; 
but in Yamton we only find it collected every third or fourth year, 
perhaps owing to the small size of the parish. 
The entries begin in the old account book in : — 

1611. Paid to Mr. Street* for Smokefarthings . ... 18^. 

1613. Paid to Mr. Street do 18^. 

1617. Paid to Mr. Street, Gent, collector for 4 years at i^d, 

per annum, due to the King's majesty to Michaelmas, 161 6 . 4J. 41/. 

1630. Mr. Street two years last past ending Michaelmas, 16 19 2j. 2d, 

1624. Mr. Biggar for smokefarthings 2j. 2d. 

1632. Paid for smokefarthings gj. gd. 

1635. Paid do. for 4 years 3^., for acquittance of it, 4^ . . 3J. 4^/. 

1638. Paid to Isaac Biggar for smokefarthings for this year . is.od. 

1640. Smokefarthings for two years 2j. 2d. 

1669 ^ Spent upon Mr. Twicross when he came to demand 
the smokefarthings, Sd, Paid for do. for 'straining and 

acquittance 2j, 4d, 

1673. Smokefarthings 5s, gd, 

1688. Paid Mr. Hensley for eleven years do i u. 7 J</. 

Nine years acquittance of do 3/. od. 

1695. Paid the rent called Smokefarthings . . . . pj. 6d. 

1699. Paid do. for four years 5J. 2<i 

1702. For money called Smokefarthings . . . . pj. 6d. 

An acquittance 4//. 



Books and Papers purchased by the Parish. 

The following extracts from the churchwardens' account book 
speak for themselves. Many of them are of public interest. 

1610. *Paid for the Canons and . . . Articles: and a Brief for the 
church, iSdJ 

i6a6. ' Paid to the Ordinary for a day to provide Bishop Jewell's works 
and Erasmus' parafraise, 3/. 6dV 

* For a book of prayers againste our enemies, 2 s, Sd,* 

* For a great book for the church called ** Mason's Apology," 7/.' 

^ The Mr. Street mentioned as coUec- in 1695 and 1699 do not correspond 

tor was probably the same who lived at with the statement that the tax was 

Kidlington, In Yamton Reg. we have abolished in 1688. 
' 1657, Richard son of Edward Street * The Paraphrase of Erasmus npon 

baptised.' the Gospels, with Bishop Jewell's 

* This is the first demand after the works, appear to have been ordered 
revival by Ch. II, and seems to have in every parish. At Tetbury the same 
been met with surprise. The collections entry occurs in 1593. 



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PARISH BOOKS. %^^ 

About this time (1627) prayers were ordered by Parliament to be used 

* so long as his Majesty's navy and forces are abroad/ (State Papers.) 

England was then at war with Spain, and the Protestants of the 
Palatinate were suflfering persecution. 

i6a8. * Paid for a book of Instructions from the King to the bishoppes 
concerning the preeching of the Ministers.' 

* For a book of Articles, i2</.' *To the Aparitor for bringing the 
book, U: 

1629. • A prayer for the Queen's Delivery, 4^/., and to him that brought 
it from the Lord Bishoppe, 4^/.* 

This was upon the occasion of the birth of Charles, Prince of 

Wales, who was bom in May, 1630, and baptised by Archbishop 

Laud. 
1631. 'Given to him that brought the prayer for the Queen's Delivery, 6^' 
Princess Mary, bom 4th November, mother to William of Orange. 
1636. * For two books for the Fast for the Plague, aj.' 
This year, on account of the great spread of the Plague, orders in 

Council were issued forbidding the annual fairs to be held. See 

State Papers, 2nd June. 
1653. * The new Act for Registering — For a Register Book, 2 j. 4^/.' 
Probably for the Act ordering marriages to be performed by 

Justices of the Peace ^. 
1673-8. ' For a book for the Fast and the Proclamation, is, 2^.' 
' 24th April, 1678, a fast at Oxford and elsewhere for a prosperous 

proceeding in war against the French.' (Bliss' Life of Wood, p. 202.) 
1687- * A book of Thanksgiving for the Queen, is, 6d' 
Upon the birth of the Prince of Wales, afterwards styled the 

* Pretender.' 

1688. ' Two books of Thanksgiving— one for the 14th Feby., 2s, 6d* 
William of Orange, landed 4 th November, and called to the Throne 

by both Houses of Parliament on 13th Febmary, 1688, O. S. 
1694. * For a book and Proclamation for a Thanksgiving for the King's 

safe return from the wars, 2j.' William IH. 

1703. * For a form of prayer concerning the Wind, 6^.' * For a book 
and Proclamation concerning the Wind, is, 6d,* 

(See Church Windows, supra.) 

1704. * Proclamation of the Fast being April 4th.' 

Probably relating to the state of the war previous to the battle of 

Blenheim. 

* Only one marriage is entered in the old Parish Register during the following 
thirteen years. 



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2,56 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

1708. ' For two prayers for the Queen on the 8th March/ 
This was during Queen Anne's early widowhood, when the Protes- 
tant succession was a matter of public concern. 
1737. ' For a paper to alter the prayers, u.' 
Accession of George II. 

1737. * A warrant to pray for the Princess of Wales, u/ 
Princess Augusta of Saxe Gotha, mother of George III, on her 
marriage. 

From Index Villarum. Adams, 1680: — 

'Yarnton House, Oxford, Wotton, Deanery Woodstock, Vicarage 
Residence of a Baronet 

Latitude, 5i'49" North. 
Longitude, i'i4" West 
Rates, ;^05 05J. 04^^* 



Briefs and Letters of Request. 

Briefs were the means by which public and private misfortune was 
met by the charity of the people, they were authorised either by the 
King or by the Bishop, and collections accordingly were made in the 
church. The repair or the erection of churches was frequently done 
by this means and losses by fire or sea are a constantly recurring 
subject for charity. The number of Irish people asking relief is very 
remarkable, and the travelling poor were sent from place to place with 
' a pass ' from some magistrate or with a ' letter of request.' The follow- 
ing extracts from the churchwardens* book are the most interesting : — 

1610. The book opens with a petition for four fires. 

i6ia. 'Paid for a Brief for the repairing of St Alban's church, i%d* 
This year King James I personally examined this church during his 
progress north and granted this brief for England and Wales; about 
;^3ooo was collected. Further collections were made in 168 1. 

1617. Briefs from Wokingham, Church Hampton, Winsloe, Roydene, 
Bradfield in Berkshire. 

1618. Briefs from Reading, Newberie, Golan in Devon, Faringdon, 
London, Kingsey, Northampton, the Sea, Newmarket, Yermuth, Tring. 

1619. Brief from Virginie, is, ; Leicester ; the poor Inhabitants of St 
Bartholomew's parish ; Wotten ; one who was in prison in Turke ; 
Hautboys, Norfolk ; Malton ; Bridport ; Bristol ; St Katherine's ; Waling- 
ford ; St Dunstan's ; Glerkwell ; Gotham, Nottinghamshire. 

1630. Briefs from Maidenhead; Gobborne in the Gountie of White 
(Isle of Wight) ; for Henry Hughes, gent, who was taken prisoner the last 



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PARISH BOOKS. 357 

year of our gratious queene Elizabeth by the Spaniards, towards his ransome 
6d,y and again 5^. ; towards the repair of Greenwich Church ; for Thomas 
Hatcastle of Kingstone upon Hull; Deddington; Wighton, co. York; 
David Browne of Wappinge m Middlesex; Cambridge; Mr. Whytney, 
taken by the Turks at Argiers. 

1624. * Paid to the Brief that went to Dr. Standard, Kidlington, 2 j. 8</.' 
* To a poor Irishman at the church, 3</.' 

1625. Briefs from Rochester ; York ; Switzerland, 6d. ; Maydstone ; 
Prior's Limenton ; Aston Cantlow, Warwikshire. 

i6a6. Briefs from Rothwell, Northants; Cotsford, Oxon; Warwik; 
Fire at Cropredy; to a Minister's wife at Stoke Nayland in Suffolk; 
Fire at Kirk Ireton in Derbyshire; for the relief of the christians at 
Argiers ; a poor man from Halifax. 

1627. ' To a woman for ransoming her husband from the Turks, 6d, ; to 
the Protestants among the Grisons, u.' 

i6a8. Briefs from Lamport, Northants ; Chalfont St Peter in Bucks ; 
Atherton in Ireland, twice over ; Warter in Yorkshire ; a poor man from 
Delwyn (Delvine) in Ireland ; for the distressed Ministers of the Palatinate, 
3J. 6d. ; for the repair of the church of Ensford in Kent, 2s. ; for the 
repair of the church of South Maling in Sussex, 2j. (South Mating is a 
portion of Lewes ; the church was built about this time, and its Register 
begins 1629); Brief for loss by fire being ;^4ooo at Great Holkam in 
Norfolk, 3 J. 4^/. ; Brief from Portsmouth, 10/. 3^/. ; a company of poor 
people, 8^.; Parish church of Aldershot in countie of Southampton; 
Chm-ch of Essendon, Harford, repairing (the tower of this church was 
rebuilt in 1628) ; Teale in Surrey ; Cork in Ireland ; a poor woman who 
had loss by fire at Harper in Yorkshire (possibly Harpham in E. Riding). 

1629. To a man who was robbed by the Dunkerkers, twice over ; for 
the decayed Ministers of the Palatinate country ; fire at Wedon-in-the- 
Streat ; to several Irishmen. 

1630. Brief to a Nobleman in Greece, i8/iL ; a poor traveller who had 
the King's evil, Zd. 

1631. To Henri Lion, a Dutchman, who was taken by the Dunkerkers ; 
to the men who had ;£6oo loss by the Dunkerkers, 6d, ; to Irishmen who 
had loss by the Dunkerkers \ To Irishmen that had ;f3ooo losse, 6d,; 
to Irish people, 8^.; to Irish gentlemen, 7^/. ; a brief from Painswick 
church, 2s} 

^ Piracy by the Dnnkirkers was a a few years it reverted to th« Spaniards, 

frequent source of complaint at this In 1658 the united forces of France and 

time, a glance at the history of this England recaptnred Dmikirk, and owing 

imfortmiate town will explain why the to the clever policy of Oliver Cromwell 

inhabitants had no respect for law or it was pnt into the hands of the English, 

nationality. Until the year 1558 Don- Afler the Restoration Charles II, being 

kirk was held by the English ; the in money diffictdties, sold the place to 

English were then expelled by the Loois XIV for ;^50o,ooo, and the 

French, who the following year gave French King fortified it. 
up the town to the Spaniards. In 1646 ' There is no acconnt at Painswick 

it once more became French, and after in Gloucestershire of this restoration, 



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25^ HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

163a. To a license towards redeeming poor English Captives under the 
King of Morocco. 

1635. To the woman which left the child behind her, 5J. 

To ^ye Irish gentlemen, twice over, u. 6d, ; to two Scottish gentlemen^ 
twice over, is, ^d, 

1636. To a poor Pedlar that had license to gather, he being robbed of 
his packe, 4^. ; to an Irish woman towards redeeming her son from the 
Turkes ; to a brief for fire from the to\\'ne and county of Poole in Hamp- 
shire ; to an Irish woman whose husband had ;^i5oo loss at sea, 6d. ; for 
fire at Holton in our own countie, u. ^d, ; to two Irish gentlemen and a 
Scotchman ; to two gentlemen soldiers ; three do. ; Brief for fire at 
Yaxley in Huntingdon, £a^o * ; Brief for repairing a harbour in Ireland, 
being ;^5ooo ; Brief for fire at St Neotts in Huntingdonshire, iod,\ from 
Broughton in Southamptonshire, ;^7ooo, is, id. (the register here dates 
from 1665) ; for Fulmer in Cambridgeshire ; Stoke in Beds. 

1636. South Clifton in Northants, fire, ;^i6oo loss ; for Witney steeple, 
2 J. ; for Bramford End in Middlesex (probably Brentford). 

1637. Brief for repairing Bradwell Steeple. 

1638. To the Kidlington brief for fire, yd, ; do. Hampton Poyle, 6d. (we 
have no other notice of this fire which may probably account for the 
disappearance of the houses between the two villages). 

1639. Brief for repairing the church of Witchcombe in Devon, the loss 
be>ng £9^>^ (perhaps Withcombe) ; do. for West Thurrock in Essex, the 
cost being £1 300 ; Fire at Caversham in our own countie, is, 

1640. Breefe for Queen's Cammel for fire, in Somerset, the loss being 
;^5ooo ; from Cemabbies, co. Dorset ; Burton, Wilts, (probably Burcomb ; 
Landemocke, co. Denbigh ; Coxstone in Kent. 

1641. Given to the Gretians brief, is, ^d,^ ; given to a poor Parson who 
was undone by the Scots in the north, 6d, ; given to an Irishman that had 
lamentable great loss by fire, as is known to Mr. Harris the Vicar, is, ; 
given to another man which had ;£5oo loss by the Rebels in Ireland, 6</. 

1641. Given to the Stratford brief which lost ;^20,ooo by fire, jj. 4^. 
(This is probably Stratford-on-Avon, as that town was burnt in James Ts 
time.) 

1641. Given to a breefe for building of a church at Barwick, is, 2d, 
(This church, Berwick-on-Tweed, was begun in 1648 and finished in 165a.) 

164a. Gave to the petition for the Fire at Marson (Marston), do. at 
Heddington in Oxon, loss ;£i8o, u. 8</. ; to two Merchants* wives from 
Ireland, is, 

1653. Several briefs for Irish people; an Irishwoman's brief, the loss 



but upon the north wall of the church book, as a fire occorred here a hundred 

inside is the date 163a. The spire was years earlier. 

built at this time. ' At Deerhurst in Gloucestershire in 

' Some ancient registers are said to 161 1 occurs 'Collection for Gressyans 

have been burnt at Yaxley in 1735. that the Turks took pryssners.' 
This is, perhaps, an error in the printed 



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PARISH RELIEF. 

being ;^40oo ; to Mary Forbes from the Isle of Jersey, loss beinj 
two Merchants' wives from Zealand 

1654. A poor minister turned out of ^600 a year, 2j. 

1655. Mr. Fleetwood and his wife who had a loss by fire of the 
;f 150, IJ. 

To two distressed ministers at several times, \s, 

1656. For sending a maimed soldier to Wolvercote, u. 

In the Register occurs the foUowing : — 

' Collected for the restoration of Marlow Bridge, in co. Bucks, 1 
appointed to be registered, ij. iv. May ad, 1558.* 

This date is most probably an error as the entry occu 
to the year 1657. Marlow Bridge was destroyed by the Pai 
men under Colonel Brown in 1642, and later on an order in Pai 
was issued for its restoration by a county rate. 

Also in the Register : — 

(Collected for a bridge in the parish of Yarrington for E^t Ha| 
Berks, u. 9^., 1660.) 
(Another for an unknown place, 3/. 4^/., 1661.) 

These two are put in after the date 1706. 

1669. Gave to a traveller that was sent by Sir Thomas 
petition, u. 
This year and the next there were an immense number of begga 

1679. Gave to a passenger that came with a certificate in Sir T. S 
hand. 

1680. Given to two gentlemen that came with a pass made at 
Hall in London, 6J. 

1684. Given to a Captain and his wife and children that had a 
request, 4^. 

To Sir Will. Blackstone towards the redemption of ... ft 
Turks, 3J. 

1687. Given to a Parson's son towards redeeming his fathi 
prison, u. 

1688. Paid towards redeeming a Parson out of prison, \s, 
1691. To 9 Dutchmen that had their shippe fired, %d. 
To two families' loss by lightning and hail, 2s, 6d. 

1693. An immense number of letters of request without any pai 

1694. To Elizabeth Grame of the City of York, 6d. 

1694. The Warwick Brief. Upon the 5th September tl 
a terrible fire occurred at Warwick, which consumed in five 
time a large portion of the town, and destroyed the nave of St. 
Church. The damage was estimated at £120,000. Brief 
issued in all parts of the Kingdom for the relief of the sufferers 

S 2 



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2,6o HISTORY OF YARNTON, 

brief is so far interesting as regards Yarnton as it is the only one of 
which there are any details existing as to the subscribers and amounts 
collected. Moreover, it supplies a further list of the inhabitants of the 
village. 

'List of Inhabitants who contributed to the Warwik Brief, 1694': — 
Mrs. Richards, 6</.; Mrs. Jane Marwood, (>d,\ Mary Brocks, id.\ Alice 
Hails, id, ; Gerry Claidon, 3^/. ; John Moors, \d, ; John FoUiet, 6</. ; Richard 
Clarke, 6</.; John Fawdrey, 2^.; Philip Doe, 6^/.; Nick Aubrey, 6^.; 
Widow Minn, is. od. ; Abel Evans, 2d, ; George Bushnell, sen., id, ; Henry 
Timcocks, Sd. ; Eliz. Ingram, 2d, ; Francis Hall, 2d. ; John Parrett, sen., 2d.; 
Gerry Bushnell, jun., 2d. ; Edward Murrice, id. ; Mr. Hallat, Sd. ; John 
Cox, 6d. ; Nick Minn, 6d. ; Philip Franklin, 2d. ; J. Woolans, 2d. ; Catherine 
Porter, id, ; Robert Phipps, ^, ; Robert Saunders, ^d. ; Stephen Young, 
aJL; Robert Michell, Vicar, 6d. — i2j. id.* 

1681 and 96. Briefs for the French Protestants, thrice, 2^s. ^d. 

1682. ' At the latter end o( March and the beginning of this month was 
a collection in every College and hall and also in every parish in Oxford to 
afford succour and relief to poor Protestants that were lately come into 
England upon a persecution in France; people gave liberally.* Wood's 
Life. (Bliss.) 

The amount of 27^. gd. may be considered liberal for Yarnton. 

1707. Gave to one Margery Grimes, being 9 in family, which had a great 
loss by the French, is. ; given to a man by the King's order (P. George), is. 

1717. Gave to 28 sailors with a pass, u., and do. 36 sailors, 2s, Sd, ; to a 
Parson's widow, is. 

1719. Gave to several parcels of soldiers, is, 

1722. To 15 disabled men. 

1731. To some distressed soldiers, 2 j. 6d, ; to some poor slaves at the 
church door, 2/. 6<^* 



Before closing this chapter it will be interesting to read what Wood 
wrote in 1679 upon this subject of the relief of the poor. 

* The contribution throughout England and Wales for the poor arises to 
;C50o,ooo per an., but before the change of religion there was no such 
contribution, nor repairing of bridges, nor highways: this is able to 
maintain an army.' And again, ' about the above year ;£4ooo per an. was 
collected for the poor of St. Giles in the Field, London, but in a year's 
time after the plot (Gates') was discovered and the Papists banished, it fell 
to ;£7oo this year'. 



^ 24th March, O. S. Guildhall Library, London. 

' The particidara of many of these ' Wood's Life, Bliss, pp. 209 and 
public brie& are to be found in the axo. 



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CHURCHWARDENS. 

Parish Relief in 1688. 

At the Sessions of the Magistrates in various counties, i 
ordered that the following somewhat tyrannical enactment sho 
forced upon all poor persons receiving parish relief. The Ov( 
were required to see that all such a^ receive any alms fron 
respective parishes for the time to come should wear daily an< 
stantly upon their upper garments, in some remarkable plac< 
large, red, roman letters, one a P, to denote Parish relief, ai 
other the initial of their parish. This upon pain of forfeiting 
relief, or of twenty-one days' imprisonment. All such who 1 
give alms to any not wearing such a badge, should be fined 20J 

In the Kidlington register this letter occurs after certain nam 

*i79i. Richard Lankstone. P.' 
<I789. Rice Tyrrell. P: 



Churchwardens. 

1 6 10 Francis Parrett and Samuel Crutch. 

161 3 Steven Townsend and Richard Heath. 

16 16 Steven Townsend and Thomas Mynn. 

1 6 19 Steven Townsend and Anthony Cross. 

1620 Anthony Cross and Edward Galloway. 

1632 Robert Hancock and Edward Galloway. 
1623 Robert Hancock and Henry Pbipps. 
1624-25 Robert Hancock and Stephen Townsend. 
1626 Stephen Townsend and Mr. James Stone, 
to 1630 Stephen Townsend and Mr. Thos. Leigh. 
1631-32 Stephen Townsend and Anthony Crosse. 

1633 Anthony Crosse and Nicholas Mynn. 
to 1636 Mr. James Stone and Nicholas Mynn. 
1637-38 Mr. James Stone and Mr. Thos. Leigh. 
1639-40 Mr. James Stone and Stephen Townsend. 
1 64 1 Nicholas Mynn and Stephen Fortye. 

to 1648-49 Nicholas Reynolds and Stephen Fortye. 

1650 Nicholas Reynolds and William Styles. 

1651 William Styles and George Townsend. 

1652 George Townsend, jun. and Edward Maple. 

1653 George Townsend and Mr. Will. Hopkins. 

1654 Edward Maple and Robert Mynn. 

1655 Robert Mynn and Mr. George Pudsey. 

1656 Mr. George Pudsey and Mr. Hugh Hopkins. 

1657 William Garrel and Edward Hunt. 

1658 Edward Hunt and Mr. Leigh. 



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a6z HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

1659 Mr. George Leigh and Robert Phipps. 

1660 Robert Phipps and George Bushnell. 

1 661 Steven Fourtey and Robert Mynn. 
to 1665 Steven Fourtey and Edward Joyner. 

1666 Edward Joyner and John Hayward. 

1667 No account. 

1668 John Saunders and Sftven Fortey. 
1669-70 No account to 1676. Mr. Stone. 

1678 Steven Fortey. 

1679 William Hampshire and Peter Kerby. 
1 68 1 Mr. Hampshire. 

1688 Steven Fortey. 

1693 Thomas Hallet and Nicholas Mynn. 

1694 Robert Phipps and Robert Saunders. 

1695 Robert Saunders. 

1696 Nicholas Aubrey and John Foliott. 
1699 Robert Saunders and Nicholas Mynn. 
to 1702-3 Robert Saunders and George Bushnell. 

1704 Abel Ewiens (?) and Richard Gierke. 

1705 Abel Izard and Richard Gierke. 

1706 Robert Phipps and Nicholas Minn. 

1707 Mr. Minn and Robert Sanders. 

1708 George Bushnell and Nicholas Minn, 
to 171 1 Mr. Minn and Richard Gierke. 

to 171 3 Nicholas Minn and Robert Saunders, 

to 171 5 Nicholas Minn and Henry Simcox. 

1 7 1 6-1 7 John Weston and John Gouling. 

17 1 8 John Weston and George Bushnell 

17 19 John Weston and John Roper. 

1720 John Weston and G. Sanders. 

1721 Richard Rowland and George Sanders. 

1722 Richard Rowland and John Stroud. 

1723 Robert Sanders and John Stroud. 

1724 Nicholas Minn and Robert Sanders. 
1725-26 Nicholas Minn and Thomas Cecil 
1727 WUliam Savage and Henry Osbom. 
to 1729 John Weston and Joseph Whittaker. 
1730 George Saunders and Mr. John Weston, 
to 1732 Mr. John Weston and Isaac Nixon. 

to 1734 Henry Osbom and Joseph Whittaker. 

to 1737 Henry Osbom and John Box. 

1738 John Osbom and Isaac Nixon, 

to 1740 Isaac Nixon and John Whittaker. 



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LAND ASSESSMENT. 

Assessment of Land in 1615. 

This following extract was drawn from the churchw 
by Dr. V. Thomas, and is written by him in one of 
books. 

* Received of Sir Thomas Spencer for 1 2 yard-lands 

„ of Samuel Church for 4 yards 

„ of Master Street for 2 yards . 

„ of Master Dinglee for i^ yards 

„ of John Sadler for 2 yards 

„ of Steven Townsend for 2 yards 

„ of Widow Phipps for 2 yards . 

„ of Mistress Parrett for 2 J yards 

„ of Richard Heath for i J yards* 

„ of Margaret Hill for i yard 

„ of Widow Chard for i yard 

„ of Matthew Eyers for i yard . 

There were about la yard-lands in the Park.* 

Thirty-two yard-lands. 

Compare the above list with the list of tenants in 
discrepancy of ten and a half yard-lands will be found, 
demesne land of the manor may be omitted in the forme 

* Item received of 12 cottages at 12^. the cottage, i2j. 

*' Received at lod. the bushell for 32 bushels from 32 yard' 
'Total malt money and levy, £;i \^s, Sd. 

* Total of yard-lands, 32. The present number, 44. 

* Quaere whether the diflference (12 yard-lands) was inclose 
what part of it was laid to the cottages and what part to the 
Spencer ; whether the Park paid the church rates ? * 

In Yamton and Begbroke the yard-land represent 
statute acres. 

The malt money in the shape of Whitsun ale provider 
wardens with funds for carrying out the church services a 
bread and wine for the Sacrament. 



Names of places in Yamton and the adjoining mead 
Charter of Ensham Abbey: — Wyreshey, Wroghtehey, 
Achey, Froggenhale, Stoweham, Genynhey, Landen 
furlong, Longelete, Cleyhuthe, Wytenhale, Claxhurst, 
Sydelakesham, Cryspesham, Weymore, et le Croft ( 
Culvyrmede, Overeyt et Nethereyt, Calvecroft". 



' Qoarton ' is here used. 



Dugdale's Mon. Ang. 



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CHAPTER V. 

Bells and Charities. 

The following lines appeared in the Oxford Herald, dated, Lincoln 
College, December, 1838: — 

Lines written on hearing Yarnton Bells. 

*Tis winter's eve — the bleak winds blow, 

The firmament is dark; 
The parch'd leaf rustles in the snow, 

Hush'd is the sheep dog's bark. 

Oh! what a charm, at this lone hour. 

When nature b so still, 
Yarnton! swells forth from thy old tow'r, 

And echoes on yon hill ! 

No mournful sound bursts from thy hills. 

As of a fiin'ral lay ; 
The musical and sweet peal tells 

Some gay and festive day. 

Unto my mind that merry ring 

Brings days and years gone by; 
When youth and hope were in their spring, 

And bright was fancy's eye. 

Those sounds — they tell of joys long fled 

When all was blithe and gay. 
Of friends, now number'd with the dead, 

Join'd with their kindred clay. 

They tell me too of that dread time, 

When my life's spring shall fail; 
Never again to hear their chime 

Gladden the wintry gale. 

Then, Yarnton, swell thy joyous sounds. 

Thy harmony ne'er stay; 
Each peal with solemn truth resounds, 

And speaks a future day. 



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YARNTON BELLS. 26$ 

A ' ring ' of six bells hangs in the church tower of Yarnton, each 
bell, with the exception of the second, bearing this inscription * : — 

'Sir Thomas Spencer, Knt. and Baronet, Lord of this Manor, gave 
me. i6ao.' 

with the Spencer arms. The second bell having been cracked was 
recast at the expense of the Vicar, Dr. V. Thomas in 1852. 

It must not be supposed that there were no bells at Yarnton b^fnrp 
Sir Thomas' time, the old account book assures us there were 
seems most probable that Sir T. Spencer after building his towei 
them recast, and perhaps added to their number. The bells unti 
years have been a constant source of trouble and expense to the pj 
either from faulty hanging or from bad ringing, and certainly 
were seldom silent. 

The *Sanctus,' Churchwarden 'Sans,' Vernacular 'Tinckler' ii 
small bell usually hung over the chancel and formerly tolled di 
the elevation of the Host at Mass. 

The following extracts and remarks may be found interesting : 

1611. * Paid for baldricks for the bells, i u.* ' 

* The Sans bell was changed and taken to Oxford.' 

1619. 'Paid for casting of the bell and metal, ;^i6 15J. odJ 

* Pd. for making the Band at the casting of the Bell, yd,' 

* Pd. for carying the Bell, i6j. odJ 

* Pd. for our charges, 6j. odJ 

* Pd. unto one going for the Bell whele, 7d,* 

* For clout leather and Trussing and Bucking the Bells.' 

We now come to the Spencer time. 

1634. * Pd. to Francis Mall (the Blacksmith) for trussing of three 
and one to heipe him, u. 8^.' 
' Ringing when the Great Bell was stocked.* 

* Pd. to Steven Townsend for fetching the bell stock from Ciddling 
1628. ' Pd. Durbidge (Wheelwright) 8 new caies, 8 cleates, 2 Cott( 

nayles and a new Bawdricke for the Sance Bell.' 

1636. ' For drawing upp the bell stocks into the Tower and me 
the Loafte, u.' 

1638. 'A Butt bought for making new stocks.' 

At length the Vicar seems to have come to the conclusion 

* The Tenor Bell weighs i ton 8 cwt. them or whether a farther snm of ] 
Dr. Symonds, vol. 4, p. a6o. See p. 317 was paid upon them. 

of this history where ' All Bells ' and ' A baldrick is a leather band 

the leads were reserved to the Queen. for ringing. 
We do not know whether she removed 



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266 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

the village blacksmith was not competent to manage the bells and 
insisted upon better skilled help. 

< To Keene for setting up the bells in good order to be rung, and newe 
hanging.' 

Keene was a bell-founder in Woodstock. He was paid quarterly, 2s, 

^ Paid to Keene in parte of ^J, for keeping the bells one yeare being 
St. Thomas' Day last, u. 6d: 

* Received fix>m Keene for a bell stock, 6j. jd.* 

1645. 'Pd. Jonas Long for new hanging the Bells, loj.' 

1652. ' For 6 bell ropes weighing 28 lbs. at 5^. lb.' 

1667. ' Pd. Henry Nixon for mending the Create Bell whele, and timber 
and nadles, 5/.' 

1670. * To Robert Burle for bell ropes.* 

1680. ' Pd. John Parratt for Leather and his Labor for the bucking of 3 
bells' clappers, u. 6dJ 

i68a. *Pd. Nathaniel Faulkener* for the 6 bell ropes, i6j. 10^.' 

1685. 'To Richard Brookes and his three brothers, 6s,; to do. for 
nayles and a board for the bells, 6d.* 

1695. ' Pd. for expenses on the agreement when the bell-founder and 
the beU-hanger came to looke on the bells, 2j.' 

The fourth bell was rehung this year. 

170Z. * For new hanging the three biggest bells and lumber and nails, 
loj. 6d,' 



Occasions upon which the Bells were Rung. 

The village of Yamton being situated upon the highroad between 
Oxford and the Royal Town of Woodstock, was privileged to share 
in all public rejoicings and to welcome with its bells the royal party, 
when the Court came to pass a few weeks in this neighbourhood. 
We can trace with interest the events of the times from the early years 
of James I to the present century, by following the chronicle of Ac 
Bells of Yamton. 

1610. 'Paid for ringinge on his Majesty's coronation-day, beinge the 
37 Julie, 9d: 

This anniversary had probably been changed this year as the King 
was crowned upon the 25th July, 1603. 

1610. ' Paid for ringinge for his Matys Preservason from the Gowries in 
Scotland the 5th of August, gd.* 

^ N. Faulkner, probably at Kidling- for spinning, and no doubt kept a zope- 
ton, he supplied that parish with hemp walk. 



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YARNTON BELLS. %6y 

'On the 5th August, 1603, there were (by the king's orders) morning 
and evening prayers and sermons with bonfires at night, all men being 
charged to praise God for his Majesty's escape from the murderous hands 
of the Earl of Gowry that day three years past \' 

The Cowrie Plot was concocted in a house where now stands the 
County Hall of Perth ; the Ruthven family lost their title of Earl for 
this conspiracy. 

1610. ' Paid for ringinge at the King and Queene's goainge from Wood- 
stock at two severall times, beinge the 27th and a 9th August.' 

Mr. Marshall, in his History of Woodstock, tells us that the King 
and Queen, with the Prince of Wales, were there upon the 24th and 
25th of August, and the Kmg hunted and killed several stags in the 
neighbourhood of Ditchley and Combury *. 

1610. ' Paid for ringinge for the happie Presavasion of the King's Maj'tei 
and the whole realme from the Gunnpowder Treason the Fifth Nov^' 

Of course this occurs every ensuing year. 

1610. *Paid for ringinge of the bells same day (loth March) beinge the 
day of the P-claiming y Kinge, 6JL' 

This day again is probably transferred, as the King was proclaimed 
upon 24th March. 

1619-17-18-30. ' Ringing when the King and Queen did come by.' 
1624. ' P^i^ ^or ringinge when the King went by.' 

The King was at the Manor House at Woodstock on the 24th 
August, with the French ambassador. The chief entertainment there 
was the hunting of ' Cropear ' ' a stag kept for the purpose. The 
sermon before the King was preached by Dr. Prideaux, Rector of 
Exeter College and of Kidlington. We now come to the bridal visit 
of the yoimg King and his Bride the fair daughter of France. Charles 
and Henrietta Maria were received with due honour by the Parson 
and his people, and escorted through the parish. 

1635. 'Paid for washing the surplice when the King was at Wood- 
stock, 4i/.' 

'Charles I was at Oxford on ist August and opened the Parliament 
which lasted until the 12th*.' 

> Stowe, Pictorial History. » U. S. p. 181. 

^ Marshall's Woodstock, p. 174. * Stowe, Pictorial History. 



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a68 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

At the time of this visit the Plague was very bad in many places, it 
was ordered 

* that at Woodstock none may go from thence to return nor any come 
thither, and for contraveners a gibbet is set up at the Court Gate *.' 

1631. ' Paid for ringing when the King went to Woodstock, u. 6i/.' 

* For the ringers for the King*s Coronation day, 2d^ 

1636. 'For ringing when the King came to Woodstock, and at his 
return/ \ 

This occurred twice in this year. 

The following will account for the Court spending so much time 
this year in the country. 

' The Justices of the co. of Middlesex put oflf the fair at Bow, the place 
being very hot with the sickness, and take care that publication be made in 
all markets and parish churches adjoining to prevent any confluence of 
people.* June 2, 1636. 

Order of the King in Council, Hampton Court, June 12th, 1636. 

* Upon consideration of the great increase of infection it is ordered that 
the faire at St. James, also that at Westminster, shall be put off for this 
year V 

In this year the King and Queen went in August to Enstone to 
inspect the new water-works which had just been made there by 
T. Bushel, Esq.' 

1640. ' For Bread and cheese at the Proclamation, yj.' 

This may refer to the following : — 

' A proclamation was made in x 640 against libellous and seditious pamphlets 
and discourses from Scotland *•' 

1641. 'For ringing uppon the day of thanksgiving for the peace and 
unitie between our two countries of England and Scotland, is. 6d* 

Letters from Scotland were received by the Houses of Parliament 

* certifying that they had received the Report of the flnal concluding of 
the peace with great joy and that the general thanksgiving will be observed 
by them on the 7th Sept next. On the 3 ist Aug. the King was feasted by 
the Provost of Edinbro* in the Parliament House *.' 

During the Commonwealth no bell-ringing is recorded. 

> Marshairs Woodstock, u. s. p. 182. * Printed in Rnshworth's Hbt. Coll. 

' State Papers. iii. p. 1094. (State Papers.)* 

' Marshall's Woodstock, u. s. p. 191. * State Papers, 1641, p. 108. 



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YARNTON BELLS, 269 

1660. ' For the ringers when the King was proclaimed, 3J.' 

* For bread and beere, 6j.' 

1664. * For the ringers when the King went by, 3J. 4^/.* 
1681, Mar. 17. 'Given the ringers when the King went by, u. 6d* 
These appear to be the only notices we have of Charles II. 
In Wood's Life we read : — 

the 14 March, 1681, the King came into Oxford. The Parliament was to 
sit on the 21st ^* 

In the Register Book, ist vol. : — 

1683. * 27th Feby. Joyce, daughter of Nicholas Dew wai 
the King.' 

1685. * To the Ringers at Coronation Day, 5J.' 
^ 1685. * Dinner (drink) at the Bonfire, $1,* 

* Feb. 6. The day King James 2d came to his Crown.* 

' News came that the rebels (James, Duke of Monmouth) 
and dispersed in a skirmish had early on Sunday morning. '^ 
bonfire was made at Carfax by the Lord Lieut. Earl of A 
another in C. C. great quad.' July 7th, two days later, * a 1 
militia was raised in Oxford V 

1686. ' To the ringers and those that hope make the hi^ 
King, 1 2 J.' 

This probably refers to the same occasion as follows. ' 
wardens were not very accurate at all times with their c 
books were made up every two years. The King arrivec 
Saturday, 3rd September, and left on the 5th. 

* He afterwards went to Yamton, Cassington and Witney 
presented him with a pair of blankets '.' 

1689. ' Ringing at the King's Crownation, 6j. William II 

1695. * Tolling at the Queen's Funeral.' Queen Mary. 

1696. ' Ringing when the King came by.' 

On this occasion 

1696. * Ye charges of ye Surveyers of the high ways wh 
came this rode, i6j. 2d,* 

At the entrance into Yamton parish the bridge over 
called * King's Bridge.' 

1697. * Ringing when peace "was proclaimed."' 

170a. ' Ringing when the Queen came by, loj.' Queen Ar 
1704. ' Spent on the 7th, beinge thanksgiving and ringing, 3J 

^ Wood's Life, Bliss, pp. 225 and thonksgiying to be held i 

227. » Wood, MSS. D. 3, 

* Wood's Life, Bliss, p. 271. The Life, p. 284. 
King also appointed a special service of 



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270 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

1708. ' Ringing for the good news beyond sea.* Oudenarde. 
1713. ' Ringing on the Thanksgiving day for Peace, loj.* Treaty of 
Utrecht. 
* Ringing for William Stringer.' 

Probably the parish soldier returned home safe from the war. 
1715. ' Ringing for King George coming to the Crown, 3/. 4J.' 
' Ringing on Coronation Day, 5j.' 

The bells were rung upon ' Our Lady*s Day.' 

The Curfew bell was rung every evening at 8 o'clock '. 



Charities left to the Parish. 
Sir Thomas Spencer by his will bequeathed £10 a year to the poor 
of Yamton, and to provide for the keeping up of his family chapel in 
the church, a condition which robbed his bequest of all its grace. 
The money was charged upon Windmill Field, the same field support- 
ing a rent charge of £18 3^. ^d, to the poor of Woodstock'. This 
was by Indenture, dated 1652. The former bequest with its conditions 
is set forth upon Sir Thomas' monument. After the property had 
passed by sale from the Spencers there appears to have been a 
dispute about this money, and we find in the churchwardens' book 
the following. 

1697. * Disbursed for expenses of C. Wardens in suing for money due to 
the poor of the Parish from Windmill Field by the will of Sir Thomas 
Spencer, £1 aj. od' 

1698. ' Paid to Mr. Phillips of Ickford towards the lawsuit depending 
in the year of our Lord 1693, ;^i as, od} * 

The lawsuit extended to the Woodstock interest in Sir Thomas' 
will ; the minutes of the Town Council contain this motion : — 

'It is agreed to distrain the Cattle in Windmill Field for the non- 
payment of the £iS 1 3 J. id, per an., the gift of the late Sir Thomas 
Spencer. Woodstock, July 12, 1690 V 

Items of Spencer's bequest to Woodstock. 

* To 10 poor men a ^d, loaf every Sunday yearly, and i2d, a piece in 
money besides the said bread. 

And also to 10 poor women a 2d. loaf every Sunday, and i2<i a piece in 
money on the days aforesaid. 

And also to 20 poor children 2l id, loaf a piece on every Sunday, and 
6d, a piece in money on the several days aforesaid for ever".' 

* This year, 1892, a subscription is • For Phillips, see Kidlington. 
being made for the renewal of the frame- * Dr. Symonds, MSS. vol. 3, p. 453. 
work of the bells. » u. s., vol. 3, p. 443. 

' Marshalls Woodstock, p. 416. 



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CHARITIES. 271 



Alderman Fletcher's Charity. 

Synopsis of the Deed of Trust deposited in the Parish Chest. 
Printed copy, 1843 : — 

' Whereas William Fletcher, one of the Aldermen of the City of Oxford, 
hath by a Deed dated the 5th February, 1823, given to the City of Oxford 
a sum of money to be disposed of yearly on St. Thomas' Day by the 
Mayor, &c., amongst which is a Donation of Thirty Pounds to the Parish 
of Yamton. And upon this further trust that the Mayor, &c., shall pay 
yearly to the Vicar and C. Wardens for the time being, the said sum to be 
applied in the manner following. 

Ten Pounds thereof to be expended in Meat and Bread, distributed on 
Christmas Day amongst the Poor Inhabitants of the parish. 

Five Pounds to be expended on the anniversary of the burial of the said 
William Fletcher in Yamton Church, in Bread and Cakes in the manner 
and proportions following : Four pounds in Bread to be distributed amongst 
the poor inhabitants for the time being, and Twenty shillings in cakes for 
the children of the said inhabitants. 

Two pounds to be paid annually to the Parish Clerk as an annual rent 
or recompense for the use of such part of the dwelling house lately built 
by the said Will. Fletcher at Yamton for the said Clerk, wherein the 
Parish School now is kept. 

Eight pounds to be paid on the anniversary of the burial of Will. Fletcher 
to the Parish Clerk who is hereby directed to summon the said Poor 
Inhabitants and Children to assemble on the said day yearly to receive the 
said Bread and Cakes, by tolling the great bell of the church as many tolls 
as the said W. F. shall be years old at the time of his Decease. (This 
proved to be 87.) 

And the sum of the Five pounds residue of the Thirty pounds, or so 
much of it as shall from time to time be necessary for the repair of the 
said Clerk's house. 

And the residue of the said Five pounds, if any, to be paid towards the 
support of the Parish school. 

Mem. — Should it at any time happen that the Clerk should require the 
room for his own use, then it is my wish that the said Two pounds paid to 
him for rent should be paid to some person willing to provide a house or 
room for the purposes of the school. 

But if the school should be altogether discontinued, then I request that 
the said Two pounds may be paid to Two poor women belonging to and 
resident in Yamton. And further if the school be discontinued it is my 
desire that the surplus of the Five pounds, if any, over and above the 
repair of the Clerk's house^ be given to Two poor men belonging to and 
resident in Yarnton.* 

About ten years after Alderman Fletcher's death irregularities in 
the distribution of this charity crept in, and a schedule of directions 



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27 a HISTORY OF YARNTON. ^ 

was drawn up for its better management and signed by the Vicar and 
two churchwardens, and also by all the Trustees to Fletcher's will. 

*Jan. 17, 1835. T. None but the Poor Inhabitants of Yamton are to 
partake of his Christmas gifts, &c. Poor Parishioners dwelling out of the 
Parish are not to partake of these gifts, and if anything be given to them 
it is given wrongfully and redress may be sought. 

II. On Christmas Day care must be taken that bread as well as meat be 
distributed. 

III. If the Alderman's Burial day, Jan. 4th, fall on a Sunday it is our 
opinion that the Bread and Cakes should be distributed in the Yamton 
Aisle or Church Porch, first the Bread and afterwards the Cakes, but 
always on the day appointed, Jan. 4th, Sunday or not 

IV. As to the Cakes, such children only should partake of them as are 
old enough to come to the church door and take them ; they must be old 
enough to walk. 

V. It seems to us fit and proper, that in the keeping the yearly accounts 
of the Alderman's charities, entries should be made of the number of 
pounds of meat distributed and the number of persons who partook of it 
and the price per pound ; so too with the Bread, &c. 

VI. Seeing that the Alderman was a sincere and single-hearted Christian 
and an exact observer of the Sabbath Day, and seeing too that he expended 
considerable sums in new pewing Yamton Church and in providing foot 
boards to keep the feet warm in church, and seeing that he built a school- 
room, &c.. We are of opinion that in distributing the Bread, Meat, and 
Cakes a distinction should be made between those who worship in that 
Parish Church that he fitted up and those who seldom or never enter it 
and those too who live the lives of heathens. To conclude : it is recom- 
mended that in making out the lists of the year, all persons (males or 
females, boys or girls) whose conduct during the past year has been 
wicked, should be dropped out of the Charity lists. 

Signed, Vaughan Thomas, Vicar. 
James Osbome ) 
Yamton, Jan. 17, 1835. Thomas Kirby J ^^"""^^ Wardens. 

The above Rules for regulating the Distribution of Alderman Fletcher's 
Charity are approved by us the Trustees under his will 

R. Wootten, Mayor. 
H. Parsons, Alderman. 
J. Lock, Alderman. 
T. Ensworth, Alderman. 
Oxford, Nov. 25, 1835.' T. Wyatt, Alderman. 



There is also for the use of the poor of Yamton a small lying-in 
charity called West's. 



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CHAPTER VL 

I.— Parish Registers of Yarnton and 
Overseers' Books. 

The Registers of Yamton date from the year 1569, and are un- 
usually well kept. With very trifling exceptions they appear to be 
perfect, some few leaves having been transcribed from another book. 
The marriages after the new Act was passed in 1653, ^^ ^^7 ^^^ place, 
are wanting, only one being recorded in the church between that date 
and 1666. 

The last entry in the old Register form occurs in 1750, and the 
new Pariiamentary form begins in 1754. Dr. Thomas enquires what 
has become of the intervening entries ? There is no trace of them. 
Several later marriages were solemnized in Magdalen College Chapel. 

In the case of several of the Spencer births there occurs the curious 
interpolation noticed in their pedigree. It appears as if the family 
had returned home and had caused the births of their children which 
had taken place elsewhere to be entered over the existing entries in 
the book. 

Besides the names recorded in the history of each family the follow- 
ing are all that appear of any interest : — 



Baptised- 


-1607 


Allice, daughter of Mr. Francis Parret. 




]6o8 


John, son of Mr. Francis Parret, gentleman 




1609 


Margaret, dau. of Do. 




1610 


Susan, dau. of Do. 




i6ia 


Anne, dau. of Do. 




1633 


Anne, dau. of Mr. John Parret. 




1634 


Richard, son of Do. 


. Married- 


-1651 


Thomas Parret and Mary Durbridge. 


^ Baptised- 


-1621 


Thomas, son of Mr. James Stone. 




1623 


Jane, dau. of Do. 




1627 


James, son of Do. 




1629 


John, son of Do. 

T 



_ > 



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274 



HISTORY OF YARNTON. 



Baptised— 1663 Thomas, son of Mr. Thomas Stone. 
1666 Anne, dau. of Mr. Thomas Stone. 
1669 Elizabeth Do., do. 
Married— 16 18 Mr. James Stone to Mrs. Ursula Ockley. 

1663 Mr. Thomas Stone and Anne Adderley. 
Deaths — 1638 John, son of Mr. James Stone, buried. 
Mr. James Stone. 

Margarite, dau. of Mrs. Ursula Stone, widow. 
Thomas, the son of Mr. Thomas Stone. 
The Widdow Stone, buried. 
Ursula, dau. of Mr. Thomas Clayton, or Clazton, of 

London. 
Lucie, dau. of Do. 
Ursula, wife of Do., do. 
William Reffe and Elizabeth Goldsmith ^ 
This name may be of the same family as below. 

1596 William Whitlocke, Gent, and . . . Basford. 

Hugh Evans and Elizabeth Mynn. 

Samuel Evans, son of Hugh. 

Hugh Evans the younger. 

Mr. Hugh Evans, Minister of this Parish. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Evans, widow. 

Anna, dau. of Nathaniel Harris. 

Robert, son of Do. 

Mary, dau. of Do. 

Elizabeth, dau. of Do. 

Ursula, dau. of Do. 

Constance, dau. of Do. 

Lucie, dau. of Do. 

Richard, son of Do. 

Gertrude, dau. of Do. 

Margarite, dau. of Do. 

Nathaniel Harris and Anna Ockley. ao Oct. 

Ursula, dau. of Nathaniel Harris. 

Elizabeth, dau. of Do. 

Anne, wife of Do., Minister. 

Nathaniel Harris, Minister of this Parish. a6 Feb. 

Elizabeth, dau. of Mr. John Chilmead of Shipton. 

Mary, dau. of Do. 

stow, CO. Ozon. Warrant of Court of 
Wards. William Ravesdied i Jane, 1631.* 
In 1663, George Ryves, Gent was 
Town Clerk of Woodstock, and so was 
Edward Ryves in 1719 and 175a. Dr. 
Thomas Rives was King's Advocate at 
Oxford, and was knighted there 19th 
March, 1644. Maishall's Woodstock, 
p. 427- 



1638 
1640 
1641 
1671 
1689 
Baptised — i6a3 

1630 
Buried — 163a 
Married — 1575 



1579 
Baptised — 1600 
Buried — 161 1 

1618 

1633 

Baptised — 1631 

i6a3 

i6a5 

i6a7 

i6a8 

1639 

16.. 

163a 

1634 

1640 

Married— 1 6ao 

Buried — 1643 



1644 

Baptised— 1636 

1638 

* Forty-eighth Report of Deputy 
Keeper of Records, p. 459. '163a. 
Chamberlain, Edward ; Burrows, Rich- 
ard ; Thatcher, John ; in right of thefr 
wives, Mary, Ann and Elizabeth, sisters 
of Will Raves ; Raves, Alice ; Bonde, 
Richard ; in right of his wife Jane, sister 
of Will. Raves. Liveiy of lands in 
Erdington alias Yarrington and God- 



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REGISTER. 



Baptised — 1643 James, son of Mr. Abraham Wri 

above). 
Buried — 1645 Jane, wife of Mr. Abraham Wrigl 
Married — 1617 Richard Hutt and Isabel Hedges 
Baptised — 1635 Hugh, son of a poor beggar \ 
George's, Southwark, whose h 
a soldier. 
Buried — 1625 Mr. Richard Coventrie '. 
1626 Mrs. Coventrie, widow. 
1600 Daniel Sharde^ 
1629 Elizabeth Sharde, widow. 
1643 Mr. Thomas Leigh. 
1643 Richard, son of Mrs. Mary Leigh 
1654 Jane Newman of Woodstock, j 
Leigh. 

1689 Mr. George Leigh. 
Married— 1599 John Phipps and Margaret North 

1690 Robert Phipps of this parish 2 

Ensham, at Witney Church 1 
Curate. 
1578 George Cash and Alice Cakebred 
1636 William Kersey of Kidlington a 

this parish. 
164 1 Richard Criplett of Kidlington : 

parish. 
1643 William Barlow and Eliz. Matth( 
Commissary for the sicke here 
1 65 1 Capt. John Roan of Greenwich 

Jane Charles of Oxford. 
1666 George Dodd of Ciddelington an 
Cassington. 
Buried — 1643 11 May. Ric. Meridick, a sol 
regiment. 
20 May. Walter A^ 'Uiams, serv 

rington, Coronett. 

Thos. Franckey, a soldier of the 

June 15. Benedict Bradley, a 

regiment, and Richard Tayloi 

„ 17th. Ralph Deane, a sold 

„ 18. Edmund Hill, a soldii 

ment. 

July. Several more from the sai 

Aug. Mr. Edward Fowler, Ensi 

ment 
Thomas Harris, soldier in my Lc 



See Begbroke. 



Sec 



T a 



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2y6 



HISTORY OF YARNTON 



Buried— 1643 Sereral more from Col. Fitton's and Col Lansford*s 
regiments. 
1644 II Jan. Cuthbert Cartington, a Bishoprick man and a 

conductor in his Majesty's Traine of Artillery. 
1646 Four soldiers. 
1659 Mr. George Pudsey. 
1 67 1 Captain UnderhilL 
Married — 17 19 Thos. Lamboume of the parish of Kidlington and Jane 

Lucat of this parish. 
Buried — 1690 Mr. GlandvilL 
Baptised and buried — 169 a Dorothy, dau. of Richard Carter, Clerk and 

Catherine his wife. Feb. 2 and 3. 
Married — 1635 James Toldervy, Glover, and Joane Evens, both of All 
Saints, Oxon ^. 
1636 Arthur Dewe alias Sadler and Frideswide Fisher. 
Baptised — 1642 Stephen, son of Stephen Marshall of Islipp. 
Buried — 1646 Robert Marshall, a Lyncolnshire man, a souldyer under 
Maister Edwards, was buryed the 9th May. 
1653 The daughter of Mr. Robt Standard, niu^e chOd to 

M. P. Oct 28. 
1723 Mr. Gierke was buried. 
1725 John FoUiatt 

1742 Edward Cavendish. Jan. 16. 

1743 Elizabeth Cavendish. Oct. 2. 
1754 Thomas Standard *. Nov. 11. 

Baptised — 1726 Mary, daughter of Thomas Smith of Cassington. June 1 9. 
Buried — 1764 Nicholas Morris of the parish of Kidlington. 
Baptised— 1657 Richard, son of Edward Street'. 



Abraham Wright. 

Abraham Wright whose name appears in the above Register was an 
eminent preacher of his day. He was the son of Richard Wright of 
London, Gent.; bom in 161 1 in London; educated at Merchant 
Taylors' School; elected to St. John's College in 1629; BA. 1633, 
M.A. 1637. He, with John Goad, who was afterwards Vicar of 
Yamton, helped to entertain the King and Queen at St. John's on the 
30th of August, 1636. He took Holy Orders at Ely House, Holbom, 
in 1637, and the second year following was ordained priest at Christ 



* The Tolderveys were well known 
citizens of Oxford, one of them Mayor, 
who left charities to All Saints, where 



V 



he is bnried. For particnlars concerning 
them see Turner's Records of City. 
• See Kidlington. » Ibid. 



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i 

V 



MARSHALSEA MONEY. ^77 

Church, Oxford, and became a favourite in the Univei 
His marriage with Jane Stone is not to be found in the r 
we leam the name of his wife from Wood's account ; their 
was bom in 1643 at Yarnton, who in after life was called 
Mrs. Wright died at Yarnton in 1645, and in August, the 
the living of Okeham was presented to her husband. ' 
not enjoy for many years, owing to his refusal to take the ' 
and whilst the Commonwealth continued he lived in rel 
London, and there acted as Rector of St. Olave's in Si 
He returned to his living at Okeham after the Restoratio: 
died in 1690. Many sermons of his are published, and he 
several commentaries upon the Psalms, besides a wc 
Deliciae Pottarum *. 



Double Names or Alias. 



Several such are used in this Register. 

Dewe alias Sadler appears for many years. John Due, a 
took the oath in Oct, 1570, as one of the persons wh 
Mayor of Oxford swore to observe the privileges of the 1 
Another family who styled themselves^ Izard alias Evans g 
some confusion. A parish clerk enters his own name as 1 

* Thomas Evens came in Gierke, July 2. Thos. Izard, ( 
parish of Yarnton, 17th July, 171 1, enterred fullely and hoelyJ 

Richards alias Needham. 



II. — Maimed Soldiers and Marshalsea ^ 

Under these headings are included two obsolete charge 
every parish was bound to contribute towards the support 

* From Wood's Athenae, Bliss, vol. Abridgement of the Mo 

4» P* 375> ^<^ Register of Merchant glicanum and the Antiqi 

Taylors', vol. i, p. 116, Heame says of land, which Heame cons 

him, *Mr. Rawlinson of St. John's well done."* Heame's 

showed me — "Anniversary" by Mr. p. 88, and vol. 2, p. 3; 

James Wright to the memory of his ever Society, 
honoured father. James Wright pub- * Clark's Univ. Reg., 

lished many books^ amongst others an p. 30a. 



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278 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

of the State who were precluded by the action of the law from 
earning their own livelihood, or who had been wounded in their 
country's cause. 

Marshalsea money was a certain charge included in the county rate 
for the relief of poor prisoners confined in the King's Bench and 
Marshalsea prison, agreeably with the statutes of Elizabeth and the 
Georges. 43 Elizabeth, c. 2, s. 14; 12 Geo. II; 63 Geo. III*. 

The entries under this head in the churchwardens' book are very 
irregularly made. They amount uniformly to 6^. 6<f., and range from 
161 1 to 1641 after which they cease. In 1637 

* Paid to maimed soldiers and Marshalsea and House di correction, 6/. 6</.' 
1 64 1 'Paid to the King's Bench and maimed soldiers and Marshalsea, 

Beyond this there are no distinguishing remarks and no large arrears 
to meet as at Kidlington, where the parish was forty years in arrears. 
Chelsea Hospital met the case of invalided soldiers, King William 
himself laying the foundation stone in 1682. < Marshalsea money' 
continued to be paid by the overseers until about the year 1827. In 
that year it amounted to £35 i^. 8</. Then it seems to have merged 
into the coimty rate. 



III.— The Overseers' Book, beginning 178a. 

The price given for vermin at Yamton was much the same as at 
Kidlington, ' Heug Hougs ' 4^. each, a fox rose to 3^., and the mole 
catcher received a stipend of £3 a year, considerably more than the 
sexton got. Here are a few items from the domestic management of 
the parish : — 

1785. * Paid for seeking George Grinett, 14J. 9^/.' 
1799. ' Paid for a light for Langford's window, 2j. 6</.' 

^ Postage of two letters directed to the Minister, u. \dJ 

1793. * Four men for carrying Denton's child to the Infirmary, 4/.' 

1794. ' To William Morris towards his family being innoculated.' 

* Five and \ doz. of Hemp at %d. per lb., ;£a 4^. od^ 

* Spinning do., £^2 4J. oi.' 

* Joseph Langiford, small pox, ^^5 14J. 8}i.' 

* Paid overseers of Henslngton for do., £;i is, idJ 

* History of Wcstcote Barton, by Rev. J. Marehall, p. 31. 



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OVERSEERSi' BOOK, 279 

There was a *Pest House' in the fields behind Kensington, to 
which probably these people were sent 

1795. * For building a new House, timber, &c, ;fai oj. Z\d,\ Mason's 
bill, £7 19s, %d, ; Glazier's do., 14J. 6d,\ Thatching, £^ oj. io\d,\ 
Haum, £6 16/. td. ; Eighteen loads of stone, £1 i6j,od.; Two 
loads of plank stone, i6j. ; Bricks and lime, £1 ij,od,; Carriage 
to new House, ;^6 1 5/. od. ; Preedy going to the New House, 5/.' 

* A plow for Richard Prosser, 5/.' (Doubtless a breast plough.) 
1797. * Paid to the Sunday school i8j. yearly.' 

* Paid Mr. Morrell for keeping a Militia man's family at Coventry, 

£6 3 J. lod, yearly.' 
^ Prosser's family in smallpox, carrying them to Wolvercote and 

back.' 
1799. ^ Redeemed Faudrey's plough, ax. 6dJ 

' Apprenticing Mary Grinett £1$ 15/. Oi/, and Expenses £2 3/. gd' 
This block of 7 cottages belonging to the Paternoster farm 

rented by the parish was called * The College.' * Quit rent for 

the " College," i j.' * Mrs. Lay for a years Quit rent for the 

"College," I J.' 'Insurance for the "College," 7/.' *A11 for 

thatching the "College," £1 14J. id: 
x8o9. 'A poor man and woman fetched from the turnpike, died and 

buried.' 

* Received by stockings, ;^i6 loj. od, ; also i is. gd,, by thread, loj.' 
1803. 'Apprenticing of Cat and John Druet, £25. Expenses, i2j.' 

1805. ' Pd. to men, women and children by the yard-land, £g 14J. lo^i.' 

1806. ' Pd for three doz. of flocks, £1 16 j, od. Spinning the same, do.' 

* Two new houses built' 

1807. * By spinning, £6 gj, 6d. ; by stockings, i u, idJ 

* Handcuff, 3J. A spinning wheel cost 4/.' 

In the years 1790-91, and 1807, the parish was managed by 
women overseers : viz. Eliza Strainge, Anne Miles, and Ann Lay. 

i8x5« * Coals bought by the parish cost 30J. a ton.' 

x8i6. * Pd. for enonclating Smith's two children with the Cow Pock, 5/.' 

18x9. ' Received by sale of stockings, £2 2 j. id,' 

* „ by sale of cloth, £S 17 j, 6JL* 

* Pd. for knitting a| lbs worsted, i u. Sd/ 
X828. ' Papers from the House of Lords, gd,' 

1839. * Mr. Cooper's expenses with Water Eaton, £1 i6j. 6d,^' 

1830. * Paid to stop Couling from having a wife, 4/.' 

1831. ' At a Vestry it was agreed that every holder in the parish should 
take his proper proportion of the Labourers out of work, that being one 
day for one yard-land, and that the Labourers should be paid the usual 
rate of wages in the parish.' 

' A dispute about the Lot Meadows, infra. 



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a8o HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

The persons on the rates were paid by the yard-land, and in 1814, 
seventeen persons received £9 \s. 2d. amongst them. 

1836. * Pd. for valuing the parish, to Mr. Richmond *, £fii o/. o^.' 
* Paid Mr. Neighbour for a " Terrier," £\^ 

This Terrier is in Exeter College. 

When the new Poor Law Act came into force, this parish paid from 
£30 to £50 a year to the * Union.' 

In 1839 at a Vestry, it was agreed to sell all the parish houses, 
fifteen in nmnber, including * The College ' and the * Round House,' 
to Sir George Dashwood, it being thought to be more advantageous 
to the parish to sell them all together to one proprietor than to put 
th^m up to public auction ; Mr. Mynn acted as agent for Sir G. Dash- 
wood. There were at that time eighty-four poor persons living in 
these cottages. The new Poor Law, 1835, had compelled every 
parish to change its management of the poor upon the rates. * The 
College ' was held by the parish at a quit rent of \s, a year from the 
owner of Mr. Walker's farm. This sale was with the consent of 
the Poor Law Commissioners. The name 'College' was used in 
Kidlington for some buildings, and possibly only meant that the 
houses were built in a block. 



The following agreement was come to concerning the Roundsmen, 
at a general meeting of parishioners in 1799 : — 

* All persons coming to the Overseers to be employed by the yard-land 
shall take a ticket from the Overseer to the Employer for the payment of 
his or her money and for the said persons to come at proper hours or 
otherwise to be paid according to their hours.' Signed by 11 principal 
farmers. 



1805. Owing to the small size of the parish Yamton joined with 
Shipton in providing £20 for the support of one man as soldier. 

1812. There was no poor house in the village. 

1813. A dispute arose between Yamton and the Great Mill at 
Wolvercote about the level of the water. Part of Yamton was flooded. 
The great ditch (the Master Ditch called Honeycot) runs through 
Yamton to Mr. Swan's mill and joins the back stream. 

* Of Littlemore, and Neighbour of St Clement's. 



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CONSTABLE'S BOOK. 28x 

1815. The Yamton subscription to the Waterloo Fund was £9 2j.ii^., 
of which £8 lof. od. was from the parish, the balance from the 
boarding school. 

Population. 

1801. Total 215 ; 38 houses. 

iSn. Total 273. 

1821. Total 273. 

1831. Total 299. Males, 147; Females, 152. Families 62. In- 
habited houses 60. Empty i. Agricultural families 43. Handicraft 
10. Others 10. 

1841. Total 302. 

185L Total 317. 



IV. — The Constable's Book begins 1749. 

This book deals with much the same class of things as the Overseers', 
except there is a dash of criminal business in the entries. 

The * passing on ' of soldiers and sailors seems to have been the 
constable's business, and this was very frequent. The ' Mileway tax ' 
fell to them to collect and getting certain parties married who it was 
found advisable should do so; clearing the public watercourses and 
providing for inquests. 

1756. 'Expenses with Elizabeth Popjoy and burying her child, laj.' 
1774. ' Clearing the water course. Constable's Ditch at Sackbridge.' 

This is the bridge on the high road over Seed Lake. 

1784. *Gave John Smith for seeking George Grinett, £^\ u. oi^ 

1787. ' Paid for marrying Miss Price, loj. 6i.' 

In the Overseers' book we have 

1787. * Paid for part of a ring for S. Price and spent at same time, aj. 6i.' 

(She was married to Vemey.) 
1798. 'Going to Woodstock 3 times about the "sagerings"'.' 

* Paid the Crowner for sitting on the Body of Robert Mills, 13J. 44/.* 

1830. * No Constable needed and none sworn in.* 

The scene changes next year — 

1831. * Paid William Hill for 25 Constables' staves, £,\ is. od: 

The * Swing' riots in 1831-2 are the explanation of this entry. 
The riots originated from the distress prevalent in agricultural districts 

^ This year the Oxfordshire R^;iment was in Ireland. 



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a8a HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

owing to the high price of bread and the fear among the fann 
labourers that the newly-invented threshing machines would further 
reduce their wages. 'Captain Swing* by threatening letters and 
burning of ricks so far acted upon the farmers that wages were 
increased and the people gradually quieted. 

1836. ' Paid Jurymen for East's child, 8j/ 



v.— MiLEWAY Tax. 

From Dr. Symonds' MSS. vol. i, p. 380. Copy of a letter ex- 
plaining this matter ; — 

* Feby. 7, 1 699-1 700. From Dr. Wallis to Dr. Pointer, Vice-Chancellor 
of the University of Oxford. 
Sir, 

I have made search (as you desired) for papers relating to the ad- 
measurement of the 5 miles from Oxford whose Inhabitants are by Act of 
Parliament obliged to contribute to the repairing of the Highways within a 
Mile of Oxford, but can find none ... I do not remember I ever saw 
such, but heard by word of mouth from Dr. Langbain what I know 
concerning it, which was to this purpose. 

Some disputes arising about this Admeasurement, whether in the time 
of Charles ist or sooner, I do not well remember, but think it was in the 
first settlement of the Act, the Privy CouncU settled that Business in this 
manner; that the Admeasurement should begin from the Wall or gates of 
the City of Oxford, that from them they should measure 5 miles in every 
side, the nearest way, over hedge and ditch, without being obliged to keep 
the highway. That such Admeasurement was then made and at the end of 
5 miles so found, Posts or marks were set up as the Boundaries that way ; 
and in particular such boundary was set up in the town of Abington, part 
of the town being found within the 5 miles, but not all of it And like 
Boundaries I presiune were set up towards other Parts. And such practice 
hath been ever since, and such practice, so long continued without inter- 
ruption may be reputed a sufficient settlement as to that point. This Act 
of Parliament was first made in the time of Elizabeth and was then but a 
temporary act to continue for seven years, but by divers continuations was 
continued to the time of Charles ist And then, about his 1 6th or 17th 
year, this Act was made perpetual, till revoked by Act of Parliament' 

By the Mileway Act made m the i8th of Elizabeth and in 35th of 
same reign ^ it is provided that every person having one yard-land or 
more in his possession lying within five miles of Oxford, shall for 

■ Dr. Symonds, MSS. p. 348. 



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L 



every yard-land perfor 
mentioned, or in lieu tl 
Chancellor and Mayor. 
An Act was passed i 
the Mayor to use the C 
the * Mileway money ^' 

» Gc 



L 



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CHAPTER VII. 
The Manor of Yarnton subsequent to 1536. 

Rewlet Abbey being dissolved and the property gathered into the 
rapacious bosom of the King, we next find the Manor of Yarnton 
given as part of his fee to Dr. George Owen *, the King's physician, 
for so-called professional services. Dr. Owen secured many manors 
around Oxford in this way, and his family were known as Owen of 
Godstow for several generations. 

rirorif fQ j)r. Owen of the Manor from the Augmentation Office : — 

)ril, 29th Hen. 8 ... in consideration of the sum of ^^676 by him 
uid granted to the said George Owen all his manor of Erdington 
imbers and appurtenances in the co. of Oxford late belonging to 
id monastery of Rewley (except a piece of Pasture land called 
t"" containing 80 acres) which premises were to the clear 
6 of ;f59 iS'f* 4^« And all the Reversions, Rents, Profits and 
if the said Manor, to hold the same to the said George Owen 
igns for ever ; to be held of us and our successors at the loth 
I Knight's fee and the year rent of £6,' 

)py, proved by Dr. Vaughan Thomas, is in the archives of 

lUege. 

appear to be no memorials of the Owen family left in 

Einor was not long in changing hands again. It was bought 
)urant of Cotsmore, co. Rutland (who lived 35 Henry VUI) 
est son William who, says Wood ', 

r the sum of £6^6 paid into ' Wood, E. gives ns the names of the 

ntation Office. Rewley dis- following children : ' Patrick, William, 

36. Yarnton Manor in hands Elizabeth, Mary, &c. * ; but not Fane 

I account with list of tenants bom at Yarnton. From the style of 

tation Office in 1538. In the entry in the Register it would ap- 

toTge Owen in 1540. pear that John Dorant was son of a 

( still a portion of land called knight, 
in the Manor Farm. 



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fcNTON. 

^m Barke*s E 

les; in 3rd or 
[4. L^mooine.^ 
jvaire, cotizec 

^isabeih SpetK 

rgent, betwec 

16. Dam€ ^ 

rest of Giles ? 
Joan, dan^ti 



WiuLn 
bad a 
incoln. 



^heiresses o^ 
CO. Warwick 

liantt, died i c 
Both baric 



\ CO. Sofiblk. 
1609, 19 Nov. 



^ bora 1588*, 
at Yarnton, 
Dct., 1608*. 



fes. Joim, b. 
d?i6i 



|ote,=pSirF 
p daaghterSf 



Elisabeth, b. 
April. i7Q5,s 



IT, of Kirkleai 
fcr to above G 



kht. 

S^itchurch, 
-. Medd, Yicai 

x>bably ancle 
;cir.,3inanr.' 
Uiarch, 18th J 
-waaCath* 

KBaker^sNo 
d (this word i 
t6.* ■' 



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SPENCER FAMILY. 285 

* I am sure did enjoy this manner, from whom, or from his eldest son, 
John Durant of Cotsmore, it came to the Spencers.' 

John Durant married, 1574, Katherine, daughter of John Lane of 
Walgrave, co. Northants, by whom he had several children, two being 
bom at Yamton : — ^^ 

* The 12th day of May Mr. John Durant, Esqre., had a chjld-^Baptized 
named WUliam, 1575.' Reg. .' 

'1579, 20th March. Mr. John Durant, Esqre., h^a child christened 
whose name was Fane.' ,-^ 

The name is no more mentioned m the parish books, and an 
interval of five years occurs before the Spencers come before us. It 
is possible that another family may have been for a short time at the 
Manor House from an entry in the Register. 

^1583. Mr. Edward Babbington had a child, Margaret V 

The old Manor House at this time must have been a very different 
building from the stately dwelling left by the Spencers in the following 
century; probably it was little more than the Grange used by the 
Monks with a hall in which to hold the Court Leet, and a house for 
the Bailiff; the church also was a smaller building than we now see 
it ; the tower very possibly a wooden belfry, and doubtless all in a 
sad state of dilapidation. 



The Spencers in Yarnton. 

From the beginning of their history the Spencers have ever held a 
foremost rank in the politics of their time ; they have always displayed 
a generosity in their housekeeping commensurate with their fortunes 
and their brilliant careers have been fitly crowned by the splendour of 
their tombs. 

The churches of Brington in Northants, of Claverdon in Warwick- 
shire, of Offley in Hertfordshire, and of Yamton in Oxon, all bear 
witness to this. 

It would be beyond our purpose to trace the early descent of the 
Spencers from the time of their first appearance in history ; it will be 
suJQficient for illustrating this account of the Yamton branch of the 
family, to follow the lead they themselves have given us in the blazonry 

* The Babingtons had Kiddington College. See Archives of Exeter. 'Bap- 
Manor. In 1566 there was a Babbing- tised at Kidlington, Elizabeth Babing- 
ton living at Kiddington. He gave a ton, 1588.' Kidlington R^. 
bond to Dr. Nele, Rector of Exeter 



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a86 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

in their chapel windows, and to begin their pedigree with John 
Despencer, who was companion in arms to Henry V at the siege of 
Rouen. 

This John Despencer married Alice Deverelle, and her arms are 
the earliest among the heiresses which are emblazoned in the family 
chapel at Yamton. 

The Spencers acquired large estates in the cotmties of Northants 
and Warwick, and many churches and houses in these counties were 
rebuilt by them. Throughout the reigns of Edward VI and Mary, 
and far into the reign of Elizabeth, the head of the house was Sir John 
Spencer of Althorp. For many years he served as Sheriff of his 
county of Northants, and was remarked for the liberal scale upon 
which he conducted his housekeeping; withal he loved retirement and 
a country life, and gave much of his time and attention to the rearing 
of vast flocks and herds of cattle. This pursuit of his gave occasion 
for a witty retort by his grandson to the Earl of Arundel. In a 
debate in the House of Lords the Earl being displeased with an 
argument used by Lord Spencer, exclaimed : < When these things 
were doing your ancestors were keepmg sheep I' to which Lord 
Spencer replied, ' When my ancestors were keeping sheep, yours were 
plotting treason!' which retort caused Spencer's detention for a time 
in the Tower ^ 

This Sir John of Althorp, who was father to the first Sir William 
Spencer of Yamton, was buried with his wife in the church of Bring- 
ton, Northants. 

The epitaph upon their monument will better show the connection 
between the different members of this family than any further ex- 
planation. 

Epitaph in Brington Church : — • 

' Here lieth the bodie of Sir John Spencer, Knight, who married 
Katherine, one of the daughters of Sir Thomas Kitson^ Knight, of 
Hengreave in the co. of Suffolk, Knight, which John and Katherine had 
issue. I. Sir John Spencer, Knt. a. Thomas Spencer of Claverdon in 
the CO. Warwick, Esqre. 3. Sir William Spencer of Yamton in the co. of 
Oxford, Knight. 4. Richard Spencer of OfiSey in the co. of Han, Esqre. 
5. Edward Spencer, who died without issue. 6. Margaret, married to 

^ This account is taken from Collins' ment, ^2 lOf . od. ; Item for a tax 

Peerage under the title of Marlborough. charged npon the parsonage, ^i 141. 6</.; 

' In an old bill, undated, in old Item for repairing the house and lath 

writing, 'Item for Mr. Kitson's Preach- and nails, dr. 6</. ; Item for fetches for 

ing of three Sundays and his entertain- the pigeons, 8^.* 



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I 



SPENCER FAMILY. 287 

Giles Allmgton of Horseth in the co. of Camb., Esqre., after married to 
Edward Eldnngton, Esqre. 

Elizabeth, maried to George, Lord Hunsdon ; Katherine, maried to Sir 
Thomas Leigh of Stonlie in the co. War., Knight ; Marie, wife to Sir 
Edward Aston of Tixall in the countie of StafForde, Knt., which died 
without issue; Ann, maried to William Lord Mountegle, who had noe 
issu by him, after maried to Henry Lord Compton, now wife of Robert 
Sackville, Esqre., sonne and heire of Thomas, Lord Buckhurst, high 

Treasurer of England ; Alice, maried to Ferdinando Earle of Der*-'- 

wife of Sir Thomas Egerton, Knight, Lord Keper of the Greal 
England ; which Sir John Spencer departed this life the 8 dale of ^ 
anno domini 1586.' 

William, the fourth son of the above Sir John Spencer, marri 
time before his father's death, Margaret Bowyer, the daugh 
London Alderman, and we may fairly suppose that her fortune Y 
share in the purchase of Yamton. They had several children bo] 
they came to Yamton ; the first entry of the name in the 
occurs in 1584 at the christening of a daughter, Ann, an( 
succeed three more daughters. The father is here styled Mr. 
Spencer, Esq., a mode of address at that time used for the i 
Knight. It was not until the year 1592 that William Spence 
received the honour of Knighthood at the hands of Queen £ 
The first use of his new title appears in December of that ye 
he signed his name as a witness to the marriage of his sis 
Lady Compton, to Mr. Robert Sackville, another brother-in 
Thomas Leigh, also signed the Register. 

We learn from some proceedings at law that Sir William 
enclosed the common lands at Yarnton, and probably he laic 
Park which contained twelve yard-lands. 

The enclosure won him the ill-will of his poorer neighbc 
with Mr. Power of Blechingdon, and Sir William Frere c 
Eaton, he was denounced by the men who planned the m< 
Enslow Bridge to sack the gentlemen's houses in the county * 

The old Manor House was still standing, and in it the 
grew up and married, and the grandchildren were born. Tl 
daughter, Elizabeth, was the wife of Sir Thomas Russell, 
Strensham, co. Worcester, and five children were born to 
Yamton : the second daughter, Katherine, married at Yan 
Henry Montague, Serjeant-at-Law, ancestor to the Dukes 

^ See Kidlington, 1595. Mention is made in this affair of Heath, F 
Dnrbridge, of Yamton. 



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a88 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

Chester. Upon the occasion of her marriage she is styled * widow ' in 
the Register, but there is no mention of her first marriage. Three of 
her children were christened here. Of the two sons of Sir William 
Spencer, we have no record of the second, George ; but Thomas the 
elder married, some years before his parents' death, Margaret, daughter 
of Richard Brainthwaite, Barrister-at-Law. To this marriage two 
sons were bom in Yamton in the years 1608 and 1609, and the same 
two years saw Sir William and his Lady laid in their graves. 

Upon the beautiful monument erected by their son to Sir William 
and Lady Margaret, all their children, with the exception of Ann, are 
depicted upon their knees praying for the eternal welfare of their 
parents. The religious feeling shown in these effigies is in strong and 
pleasing contrast to the Queen Anne paganism of the monument to 
the second Sir Thomas. 

Thomas Spencer, son and heir of Sir William, was returned to 
Parliament for the Borough of Woodstock, i James I. Created a 
Baronet upon 29 June, 161 1, by James I, and afterwards received the 
honour of knighthood at his hands at Whitehall. He appears to have 
been in possession of a large sum of ready money upon his succeed- 
ing to his estate. 

The heavy sum of money extracted from the first baronets for the 
* honour ' of the tide still left him rich enough to prove to posterity 
that he was a man of generous and refined tastes. The tower of the 
church, the Spencer Chapel with the beautiful perpendicular windows, 
the peal of bells ^ and the grand old house remain to show the spirit 
of the man, and that in his prosperity and care of his own family he 
did not overlook the services of God. It cannot altogether be said 
that he originated these things, the bells and consequenUy a tower to 
hold them, and the manor house existed before his time, but he 
rebuilt and remodelled them and defrayed the expenses. The 
tower is dated 161 1, and the bells 1620, they bear the Spencer arms 
and are the only monument to Sir Thomas' memory — 2l truly fitting 
and lasting one to a Christian Knight His death took place in 1622, 
his wife's not for many years later, 1656; they were both buried 
in the church. 

The following is the certificate of death of Sir Thomas Spencer, 

' These particulars are taken from the cost of recasting the great bell in 1619, 

Register and the churchwardens' book, and many other charges respecting the 

Alas ! for human vanity. The church- bells — are borne by the Pari^ 
wardens' account book gives us the 



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SPENCER FAMILY, 289 

made by Richard Brainthwaite one of the executors, 14th February, 
1622, O. S. 

* Thomas Spencer, Knight and Baronet of Yarnton, co. Oxon, died 
17th August, 1622, and was buried the next day following in a chappell 
erected by himself adjoining to the church of Yarnton. He married 
Margaret the daughter of Richard Branthwaite, Serjeant at Lawe- and had 
issue by her four sons and one daughter, viz. William, Knight anc 
son and heir, of the age of 14 or thereabouts ; Thomas, se 
aged 13 or thereabouts ; Richard, third son, aged 6 years or the 
Edward, fourth son, aged 5 years or thereabouts; Anne Spei 
8 years or thereabouts. Executors of the last will and testan 
Dame Margaret, his wife ; Sir William, his son and heir ; Thoma 
of Claverdon, War., Esqre., uncle to the Defunct, and Richarc 
waite of Ringwood, co. Southants, Esqre.* ' 

Besides the children mentioned in the above certificate, Sii 
had four daughters and a son who all died young. H 
remarried with Richard Butler, Viscount Mountgarret. 
Brainthwaite appears to have acted as guardian to the child 
were all very young at their father's death. He presentee 
flagon to the church. 

Of Richard Spencer, we find the following paper am< 
Royalist Composition Papers, 2nd series, vol. 23, p. 689 : — 

* Richard Spencer of Yarnton in co. Oxford, Esqre. 

His delinquency that he was in armes against the Parliame 
Oxford at the time of the Surrender, and is to have the benefit 
Articles as by Sir Thomas Fairfax' certiBcate of 24 June, i 
appeare. 

He hath neither taken the negative oath nor National Cove 
prays to be exempted upon the Articles of Oxford and vote of 1 
of Commons pursuant He compounds upon a Particular de 
under his hand by which he doth submit to such Fine and by 
doth appeare : — 

That he is seized of an Annuity of ;^ioo per annum issuing c 
Manor of Yarrington in the co. of Oxford, to hold for tearme < 
23rd Dec, 1646.' 

In Peshall's History of Oxford, St. Giles' Parish, p. 218 :- 

^Recorded at Michaelmas Term 1662, of Mr. William Spenc 
suit in the Chancery a legacy of 5/. a week for ever to be given tc 
in Bread ; and ;£2o a year for a lecture, with £$0 in money to t 
formerly left to the Parish by Mr. Richard Brainthwaite to be p 
the Manor of Ringwood, Hampshire. Richard Brainthwaite, \ 
to the use of the Holy Com a fair Com Table, one carpet of pui 

» Wood, E. 
U 



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290 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

fringed, a fair silver flaggon, a silver chalice with a cover to it and a silver 
plate for the Bread ; and to this church (St. Giles') the Benefactions as 
above.' See board in church. 

* Richard Brainthwaite of Ringwood, co. of Southpton, Esq., died in St. 
Giles' Parish in the north suburb of Oxford, and was buried (I think) in 
the chancel of that church. He died apth April, 1645 \' 

Sir William Spencer succeeded his father at fourteen years of age 
and was knighted in his twenty-first year, 1629, by the King at 
Oxford, of which the following account is given in Gutch, Annals, vol. 
2, p. 367. 

'An. Dni. 1629. 19th August the King and Queen came to Oxford 
from Berton by Abendon, but making no stay there went to Woodstock. 
They left Woodstock on the ayth and were met at Greenditch (now St. 
Margaret's Road) by the Mayor and Corporation, who presented the King 
with a feir gilt bowl and the Queen with a pair of rich gloves. After 
dinner at Merton College His Majesty conferred the Honour of Knight- 
hood upon William Spencer of Yamton, Esq., and he then returned to 
Berton.' 

Sir William married Constance the eldest daughter of Sir Thomas 
Lucy of Charlcote in Warwickshire. From his great uncle he inherited 
Claverdon in the same county and appears to have usually lived 
there'. The only record of him that we find in Yamton is the 
burial of his daughter Margaret in 1642. His brother Thomas 
probably managed the estate here and took his place at the Manor 
House. Two children in the years 1633 and 1635, were bom to 
Thomas Spencer at Yamton, and the minuteness of the entries in the 
register, which record the day and the hour of their births, seems to 
point to a careful and loving hand which made them. 

Besides his son and heir Thomas, Sir William left two daughters, 
married, one to Sir Edward Smith, the other to Sir Francis Keyt of 
Mickleton, co. Gloucester '. 

About the year 1649, we find a notice of sale under the Commis- 
sioners of the Commonwealth, &c. 

' Noticed also in Clark- Wood, vol. a, given rise to the ghost story at Yamton. 

p. 70. Wood, MSS. F. 4. Arms : or, two The tale is that one Gulliver appears in 

bends engraUed sable. Crest, an eagle the little room over the entrance of the 

rising upon a hillock. Manor House, accounted for by the tra- 

* The portrait of Sir W.Spencer is at dition that Sir William Spencer had 
Kirtlington Park. killed his coachman. Another member 

^ This Alice Keyt had two daughters of the Keyt family married Brent of 

— one of whom, says Wood, was stolen Thrup, and others were established at 

away by one Mason, a coachman, in Woodstock. 
1680 (August). This incident may have 



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SPENCER FAMILY. 291 

' Annual rent of all manner of tithes of a meadow called Burley mead in 
Yardington, in tenure of Sir Thomas Spencer, Knt. and Bart. v».* ' 

The second Sir Thomas Spencer, son of the above William, married 
very early in life the daughter of Sir Thomas Garrard of Lamer, co. 
Hertford. In his twentieth year he was already father of two children, 
who were bom in London, where he lived for some time in the parish 
of St. Martin-le-Field. The civil wars passed during his absence, and 
the Manor House at Yamton was given up for use as a hospital for 
the sick and wotmded. This is evident from an entry in the register 
recording the marriage in 1643 of the ' Commissary of the sick and 
wounded here.' The numerous entries of the burial of men from 
divers regiments here refer doubtless to the poor fellows who were 
sheltered and tendered in the hospital after the many skirmishes in the 
neighbouring villages. Happy they were to find a home and Christian 
burial instead of lying where they fell and being put under the sod on 
Campsfield or elsewhere as were many of their comrades. 

On St. Thomas' Day, 1656, the old Lady Mountgarret was privately 
buried. Her grandson. Sir Thomas, returned home shortly after ; he 
buried here one of his daughters in 1658, but the glory of the old 
hospitality was gone. The house was probably in a ruinous state, 
and the family resources no doubt crippled by the late wars, so part 
of the mansion was pulled down. This we learn from Anthony k 
Wood, who, writing in 1678, says: — 

'great part of this ancient family seat was pulled down about 16 years 
ago '.' 

Sir Thomas was a considerable benefactor to Woodstock, which 
borough he represented in the Convention Parliament which restored 
the King to his throne ; he was elected two years later High Steward 
of Woodstock in the place of Lieutenant-General Charles Fleetwood, 
son-in-law to the * Protector '.' Certain charities were also bequeathed 
by him to the same town. 

In 1662, Constance Spencer was bom at Yamton, and the parents 
evidently took this occasion of entering in the parish register the 
names of two children who had been bora elsewhere. Their names 
are written over other names which are thereby obliterated, and 
of the two the younger one, a son, is written before his sister who 
was a year older. Another daughter, Katherine, probably bom else- 

> Fee Farm Rents, Roll 34, No. 183, » Dr. V. Thomas, Account of Yam- 

Public Record Office. ton. 

« Wood's Life, Bliss, p. 205. 

U 2 



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292 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

where in 1670, is entered immediately after her «ister Constance, 
irrespective of dates and effacing other names. The same thing 
occurs in the case of a grandson, John Dormer. 

The remaining years of his Hfe Sir Thomas Spencer spent at 
Yamton, and there is remaining evidence of his going to meet the 
King in Oxford at the head of a troop of Militia in 1680. The only 
son who survived his infancy was William, he is noticed as joining his 
father in a Charity Deed for Woodstock. He died in his youth, 
and his father followed him to the grave six months later at the early 
age of forty-six, on the 6th March, 1684. 

Upon the death of Sir Thomas, the baronetcy devolved upon his 
cousin Sir Thomas Spencer of Eardington, co. Salop, and has since 
become extinct. 

Four daughters, co-heiresses, survived their father. Jane, married to 
Robert Spenser, Viscount Tiveot, brother to the Earl of Sunderland ; 
Constance, married to George Marwood ; Elizabeth, married secondly 
to Sir Francis Basset ; and Katherine, wife of John Dormer. 

It is told of 

' Mr. Dormer that he ran a man through the body with his sword in 
Woodstock Park, while Blenheim was building, because he took the wall 
or the upper hand with his Lady. He fled to Yamton without his hat, 
and being supplied by the butler, he made his escape ^' 

Heame gives Mr. Dormer a very bad character, and calls him a 
young gentleman of wicked and profligate life, of no conscience nor 
religion. He gave himself up to justice before the Assizes and was 
committed to Oxford gaol. By the connivance of his relation. Judge 
Dormer, who was on this circuit, he was brought in guilty of man- 
slaughter '. 

Lady Teviot, died in 1686, and her share of the property appears 
to have been separated from her sisters' and became the property of 
the Swetes, the remaining three-fourths were purchased by Sir Robert 
Dashwood in 1695. Of this transaction, Anthony ^ Wood tells 
us: — 

* Mr. Richard Watkins, Rector of Wishwood in Warwick, told me, that 
Sir Robert Dashwood, sometime High Sheriff, had purchased the mannour 
of Yamton of the Heirs and Executors of Sir Thomas Spencer, for 31 
thousand pounds, about three weeks since '.' 

^ Gough, 91. Baronet/ for John Dormer, of Yam- 

« Heame*8Coll.,vol. 3,p. 35'Histori- ton. Dep. Keep, of Records, 31st 

cal Society' ; also * Pardon for the man- Report, p. 497. 

slaughter of Sir Richard Kennedy, ' Wood, E, dated 25 Aug. 1695. 



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SPENCER FAMILY. 

Dame Jane Spencer, for some years having 
unable to walk, applied to Dr. Radcliffe for adv 
restored to health by his means. This cure waj 
tage of the doctor, and procured him patients and 
years Lady Spencer lived among her tenants a 
their prosperity. She used to be carried in hei 
great trees in the village to watch the people 
themselves. The sale of the property did not 
proprietor not coming into the enjoyment of his 
Honoured Lady Spencer' was laid in the churchy 



A year before the death of Sir Thomas Spenc 
from Christ Church of the Rectory of Cassington 
in Bladon called * Burleigh ^ ' ; this was renewed 
1711, and was assigned by John Dormer, gram 
Lady Spencer's, to Dr. Clarke, Doctor of Law 
Their tenant in the Cassington parsonage house 
away, an attorney '. 

Inscriptions upon the Spencers* 
The monument of Sir William Spencer the fir 

* Syr William Spencer, Knight, Lord of this Man< 
John Spencer of Althrop in the co. Northants, &c., 

* They both as they lived virtuoysley and laudabl] 
to live eternally in Christ, ended this transitory 
December, 1609. She the 19th June, 1608.' 

* Syr Thomas Spencer, sonne and heir, married 
Richard Branthwait, seijeant at lawe. 

George Spencer, second sonne. 

Elizabeth, eldest daughter, wyfe to Syr Thomas F 
the countie of Worcester, Knt 

Katherine, second daughter, wyfe to Syr Henr 
King's Serjeant at lawe. 

Marie, third daughter, wyf to Syr Maximilian D; 
CO. of Kent, Knt 

Alice, fourth daughter, wyfe to Syr Thomas Col 
of Cambridge. 

Margaret, fifth daughter, wyfe to Syr Thomas W 
in the co. of Worcester, Knt.' 

* Deputy Keeper of Records, Forty -first R< 
» Wood, MSS. E. 



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294 HISTORY OF YARNTON, 

Upon the south wall of the chapel. 

* In hopes of a joyful resurrection here lies Jane, Viscountess Tiveot, 
eldest daughter of the second Sir Thomas Spencer, Baronet, of this place, 
and wife, &c. 

Died loth June, 1689, aged 32. 

Immodicis brevis est aetas et rara senectus.' * 

The above is a white marble tablet, with two oval shields connected by 
a viscount's coronet, below it. The Spencer arms upon each. 



Westward of the above, another mural tablet bearing a shield with 
the arms of Mordaunt with a crescent for diflference, surmounted by 
the crest, out of an earl's coronet, a Moor's head affront^, proper, 
vested or, wreathed gold and gules. 

* Honorabilis Margaretta Mordaunt, Thomae Spencer hujusce loci Baro- 
netti filia carissima, honorabilis Harrici Mordaunt, comitis Petriburgensis 
ac Monmothae fiatris, uxor dilectissima, Caroli, Harnci, Johannis, Thomae, 
Herberti, Elizabethae nee non Margarettae mater indulgentissima, cujus in 
memoriam exiguum hoc ingentis amoris sui monumentum non sine acerrimo 
dolore posuit conjux moestissimus, obiit 1 1 Cal. Aug. an. Dom. m.d.c.C.vi. 
aetatis xxxii.' 

To the same person upon the floor, the following : — 

* Here lyeth the body of the Honble. Margaret Mordaunt, who died ye 
aand day of July, 1706, aged 3a years.* 

The above Margaret does not appear in the pedigree of the 
Spencers, nor is she included among the co-heiresses of her father, 
nor are the Spencer arms emblasoned upon her monument In a 
pedigree of the family in Baker's Northamptonshire, she is said to 
have been illegitimate. 



Upon the floor of the Spencer aisle, the three following : — 

' Here lies Dame Jane Spencer, the relict of Sir Thomas Spencer, Bart., 
of this place, who died April 30th, 1712, aged 74.' 

* Dame Elizabeth Gerard, late wife of Francis Basset, Esq. her second 
husband, who died April 13, 1705, aged 41 years.* 

'Catherine, fourth daughter and co-heiress of Sir Thomas Spencer, 
Baronet, who was a second time married to the Honble. George Mordaunt^ 
youngest son to John Lord Mordaunt, Viscount of Avilon and Baron of 
Rigate. Died a 6th May, 17 14.* 

Above are the arms of Mordaunt, argent, a chevron between three 
estoiles sable, over all Spencer upon an escutcheon of pretence. 



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SPENCER FAMILY. 295 

Inscription on the monument of the second Sir Thomas Spencer 
and his family : — 

'Dedicated to the immortal memory of Sir Thomas Spencer alias 
Spenser *. . . here all the children are enumerated ... * Sir Thomas was of 
a very ancient and noble extraction descended from Robert Despencer, a 
Baron in ye time of Will ye Gonq'. and nearly allied to the right Honour- 
able family of the Spencers, Barons of Wormleighton and Earls of Sunder- 
land. He was a most accomplished gentleman, truely great, generous, 
hospitable and charitable. By his last will he hath charged an enclosed 
Ground in this Parish called Windmill Field with the payment of ten 
pounds a year for ever to the Uses following, (viz.) Three pounds to be 
paid yearly to successive Vicars of this Towne upon this condition that they 
shall every year in this chapel on his birthday, which was New Years Day, 
on the day of his death and on the day of the death of Dame Jane his wife, 
read the Morning Service as directed in the Liturgy of the Church of 
England, and seaven Pounds a year to be applied to the repair 
beautifying this Chapel and the Monuments of his family if r 
otherwise toward the relief and support of the Poor of this Paris' 
direction of the Vicar and of the Church Wardens for the time bei 



A beautiful marble tablet representing a female figure u[ 
west wall : — 

* In Memory of Charlotte Augusta, Duchess of Marlborough, a '. 
of the Holy Roman Empire, whose mortal remains are depositee 
chapel at Blenheim Palace. Bom 35th Nov., 18 18; died 30 Aprj 
(Here follows a verse, pious reflection.) This marble is dedical 
beloved daughter by her deeply afflicted mother, Emily, Dowa 
countess Ashbroke, &c.* 



The armorial bearings in the Spencer aisle call for some ren 
asmuch as we find two shields used by the Spencers. The 
coat of the family was that charged with the frets, but anoth( 
to be used by them under the following circumstances. 
Spencer of Badby, married the heiress of the Lyncolne famij 
proved by his will dated 1476, that he bore the arms of Spenc 
his four sons, as appears by certain seals, abandoned their fath( 
and assumed that of their mother, she being an heiress ; viz. 
charged with five estoiles. This coat continued to be used dui 
generations of the family, after which John Spencer of Worml 
the great grandson of Henry of Badby, perceiving that the 
came through the mother, and apparently being ignorant of 1 
to use the ancient arms of Spencer, laid aside the Lyncolne ai 



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296 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

adopted the following : Azure, a fesse ermine between three sea-mews' 
heads erased, ai^ent. 

This fact is attested by certain writings bearing date 20 Henry VII, 
to which these arms are appended upon wax. 

The searmews were borne by the two succeeding generations until 
Sir John of Althorp, and his brother Sir William of Yamton, who died 
in 1609, reassumed the ancient coat of Spencer *. 

We shall discuss the emblasonings in the windows and upon the 
monuments in another place. 



Extracts from the Register; the Spencers. 

1584. Mr. William Spencer, Esq., had a child christened Ann. 4th Oct. 

1588. Do. Do. Do. Mary. 17th June. 

1590. Do. Do. Do. Alyce. ist Sep. 

1592. Do. Do. Do. Margaret. 23rd Sep. 

1592, 4th Dec. Mr. Robert Sackvllle and Ann Ladie Gompton, in prae- 
sentia Sir Thos. Leigh, Knight, Sir William Spencer, Knt., Thomas 
Spencer, Esq., and John Sydley, Esq., the Lady Spencer, Mrs. Mary 
Aylworth and Ann Cotton were married. 

1599. Mr. Thomas Russell, Esq., had a daughter christened Margaret. 

1 60 1 . Mr. Henry Montague, Esq., and Mrs. Katherine Spencer (widow), 
married, 

1 60 1, a 6 June. William Russell, the sonne of Mr. Thomas Russell of 
Strensham, baptised. 

1602, June. Ann, daughter of Mr. Thomas Russell, baptised. 

1 603, June. Edward Montague, son of Henry Montague, Esq., baptised. 
1603, October. Thomas Russell, son of Sir Thomas Russell, Knight, 

was baptised, and the first of the reign of our sovereign Lord King James. 

1605, April Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Russell, Knight, 
baptised. 

1606. James Montague, the son of Sir Henry Montague, baptised. 
1608, June 19. The Lady Margaret Spencer, the wife of Sir Will 

Spencer, Knt., was buried. 

1608, July. Lucie Montague, the daughter of Sir H. Montague, Knt., 
baptised. 

1608, July. William Spencer, son of Mr, Thomas Spencer, Esq., 
baptised. 

1608, Oct 10. Sir Maximilian Dalison of Hawling* in the co. of Kent, 
Knight, and Mary Spencer, ye daughter of Sir William Spencer of 
Eardington in ye co. of Oxon, were married. 

1609, Oct. 22. Thomas Spencer, son of Mr. Thomas Spencer, Esq., 
was baptised. 

1609, Nov. 19. Sir William Spencer, Knight, buried. 

^ Wood, E. » Hailing. 



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SPENCER FAMILY. !^97 

1611. John Spencer, the son of Mr. Thomas Spencer, Esq., was 
baptised 

161 3, 30 July. Elizabeth Spencer, daughter of the right worshipfnl Sir 
Thomas Spencer, Knight and Baronet, was baptised. 

161 3, 14 Sep. Alice, daughter of Sir Thos. Spencer, Knt. and Bart, 
bap. and buried next day. 

1 6 14, Oct. 3. Ann, daughter of the Honble. Sir Thos. Spencer, Knt. 
and Bart., baptised. 

1 6 1 5, May 1 9. John, son of Do., buried. 

1 61 5, Dec. 3. Margaret, daughter of Do., baptised ; buried ist May, 
1618. 

161 6, Jan. 3. Richard, son of Do., baptised. 

1 61 8, July 6. Edward, son of Do., baptised. 

1619, June 15. Catherine, daughter of Do., baptised ; buried in 1631. 

1632, August 17. The right Honble. Sir Thomas Spencer, Knt and 
Bart., buried. 

1633. Margarite, daughter of Thomas Spencer, Esq., was christened 
17 June (nat 5 cir. 3 in aur.). 

1635. William, sonne of Thomas Spencer, Esq., was christened June 1 1 
(nat Ma. 39 cir. h. 4 po. sat). 

1 643. Margarite, daughter of Sir William Spencer, Knt. and Bart., buried 
Mar. 19 cir. 5 n-m, 17-d. 

1 66 1. (The sunne to Sir Thomas Spencer, Bart., was borne uppon Palm 
Sunday 1661, and dyed the same year, Sept 6. 

1660. Margaret, the daughter of Sir Thos. Spencer, was borne uppon 
Good Friday, 1660. To this entry, in brackets, *N. B. . • . 1663.') 

These two entries are inserted between other names and out of 
date. 

1663. 3 Oct. Constance, the daughter of Do., baptised. 

1670. Katherine, the daughter of Do., was bom the 29th Sep. att three 
o'clock in the morning, 1670. (This name also inserted out of date.) 

1664. Elizabeth, fil. Thos. Spencer, nat 33 Jan. 

1665. Thomas Spencer, son of Sir Thomas Spencer, was bom April, 
and dyed the same year. 

1 646. Elizabeth Smith, servant to the Right Honble. Lady Mountgarret, 
buried. 

1656. The Right Honble. Margaret Lady Mountgarret, formerly wife 
to Sir Thomas Spencer, Bart., buried privately on St Thomas' Day. 

1658. Jane, daughter of ye Right Wppful Sir Thos. Spencer, Bart., 
christened (this word erased). Dec. 35, Festo nativitatis Domini Baptizat 
Londini. 

This entry is interpolated amongst the burials. 

1683. Mr. William Spencer, son of Sir Thomas Spencer, Knt. and 
barronite, Lord of this manner, was buried Sept. 13th, 1683. 

1684. The Right Worshipful Sir Thomas Spencer, buried 12 March. 



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298 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

Note that the day of his birth was New Year's Day, and that the day of 
his death, 6th March, upon which days prayers are to be read in the chapel 
belonging to the family and also upon the day of his lady's death according 
to his will. 

1698 (?). John, the son of John Dormer, Esq., of Assert, was borne 
Nov. 5th, 1698 (?), his mother's name was Cattem, youngest daughter to 
ye Rt. Honble. Sir T. Spencer, Lord of this Manner. 

This entry is put between two others of 1693, and is written aver 
others. The date is illegible. 

170}. Margaret, daughter of Mr. Harry Mordaunt, baptised March 2. 
1689. The Right Worshippful the Lady Tyviot, eldest daughter of Sir 
T. Spencer, Lord of this Manner, buried June 13. 

1705. The Lady Garret, late wife to Mr. Basset, Esq., and daughter to 
Sir Thomas Spencer, Lord of this manner, buned April 1 3th. 

1 706. Mrs. Margaret Mordaunt, July 2 3 buried. (Exd. pr Jon. Cooper.) 

1 713. The Honred. Lady Spencer was buried May 5. 

1 7 14. The Honble. Mrs. Mordaunt was buried May 28. 



The Manor House. 

The large mansion built by Sir Thomas Spencer near the site of 
the old house or Grange belonging to the monks of Rewley was dis- 
mantled after the Restoration. Part of it was taken down according 
to Wood about the year 1662. The state it presented in 1801 may 
be read in the following extract from Dr. Symond's MSS ' : — 

^ The Entrance to the Manor House was from the East thro' an arched 
gateway. Part of the Columns, plinths, and capitals are scattered about. 
The Entrance to the House is a large door way ornamented with pilasters 
in the form of Obelisks and a pediment, within which are the arms of 
Spencer, which leads to a Vestibule which in its present state is very 
irregular. On the left is a lofty room with one window, over the chimney 
are carved the Spencer arms ; beyond which is the door opening into the 
Hall, which is a very lofty room. On one side wainscot, carved over which 
are projecting frames of stone carved with scroll-work, in which are 
portraits of the Roman Emperors. Over the chimney, which is very large, 
the arms of Spencer {sic) (in reality the royal arms of Elizabeth's time^ 
supporters, a lion and dragon) which are proportionate to the size of the 
chimney. Opposite to which hangs the Portrait of a middle-aged man, 
one of the Spencers. The west side of the house is regular, the windows 
uniform, and part of the stone cornice remains. It is said that the house 
was a story higher, but probably only an embattled Parapet.' (Signed, 
H. Hinton, 1801.) 

» Vol. i, p. 16. 



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SPENCER FAMILY. 299 

It is said that the dancing gallery and a great portion of the 
materials of the house were taken to Kirtlington House. 

The little chamber over the vestibule is pierced by two loopholes 
for firing from in defence of the entrance. It is here that ' Gulliver's 
Ghost,' according to the popular mind, holds his court May this not 
refer to Sir William and the coachman who abducted Sir William's 
grand-daughter Elizabeth Keyt in 1680^? The gardens were laid 
out in stone terraces, and the stables, &c., formed wings inclosing the 
courtyard as at Water Eaton with the parish church upon the north 
side. The house has long been let with the manor farm, and is shorn 
of all its glory, standing alone in the farmj^ard. 



The Spencer Aisle in the Church. 

This beautiful chapel built by Sir Thomas Spencer as the mauso- 
leum of his family, is 31 feet long by 18 ft. 9 in. wide. 

Three large perpendicular windows filled with armorial bearings 
light the chapel, and a handsome carved oak screen ' corresponding 
to the doors under the tower, encloses it from the church. 

The two principal monuments are very different in taste and feel- 
ing, and the half-century of years which separates them is sufficient to 
account for the wide disparity of style by which they are characterised. 

The earliest, which lies to the east, is what is known as a * bedstead 
monument ' elaborately carved and painted. Upon the canopy is a 
shield containing seven quarterings, surmounted by a close hehnet in 
profile with mantle and crest. The quarterings are — ist, Spencer; 
2nd, Spencer 3; 3rd, Deverelle; 4th, Lincoln; 5th, Warsteade; 6th, 
Graunt ; 7th, Rudings. The crest, out of a ducal coronet or, a griffin's 
head argent, beaked gules, between two wings *. 

Upon the summit of the canopy is the same crest aflfront^, collared 
with a 'gemel'^ gules. On each side in the spandrils of the arch 
are — ist the same quarterings, no crest; 2nd the same, impaling 
Bo\i4er. 

The following shields are arranged around the basement of the 
monument: ist (at the west end), Spencer; 2nd, Spencer ^; 3rd, De- 

* See pedigree, and see ante, p. 290, ' The whole of the arms in the 

note. chapel are mentioned in the pedigree. 

' Possibly the remains of the ancient * A twin bar. 
Rood Loft. 



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1 



300 HISTORY OF YARSTON. 

▼ereDe; 4th, Lincdn; 5th, Warsteade; 6th, Graimt; 7thy Rudings, 
and at the foot, Spencer and Bowier impaled. 

The names of Sir WiDiam Spencer and Margaret his wife are 
inscribed at the back of the monmnent The two figures lie side by 
side, the lady cm a higher level than her husband Upon the base aie 
sculptured the children, two sons and five daughters kneeling, and a 
loi^ inscription telling their munes and their marriages. One 
daughter is without her coif. 

This monument must have been erected at the same time as the 
chs^ by the son of the above Sir William. 



The second monument, which occupies a position to the west of the 
preceding, is a beautiful piece of sculpture in pure white marble 
without colouring, except upon the armorial bearings. From the 
style of the workmanship and the composition of the group it has 
been attributed to Rysbach, the well-known sculptor^ of the large 
group in Blenheim diapel 

Rysbach is said to have grouped his figures in the form of a 
pryamid, and this plan is very conspicuous upon the monument in 
question. Upon a pedestal raised above the other figures stands Sir 
Thomas Spencer, a step lower on either side and facing him are Lady 
Jane and her only son William ; still lower, in a sitting posture and 
keeping the pyramidal form, are two ladies, and beneath them, still 
sitting, two other ladies, the four daughters and co-heiresses of their 
father. Next to each is her husband's shield impaling Spencer, and 
the centre of the basement is occupied by a long inscription which 
will be found in its place, p. 295. 

The anbs here are the following : — (i) upon the canopy a shield 
with eight quarters arranged 2, 2, 2, 2. These are the same as on 
the canopy of the first monument, with ist repeated to make the number 
even ; they are impaled with argent, on a fesse sable, a lion passant of 
die field, for Garrard. The baronet's badge upon the centre. Motto : 
* Dieu defende le Droit' Crest as before, collared. 

Upon the western pilaster : (2) Spencer impaled with the same and 
enseigned with a viscount's coronet, for Robert Spencer, Viscount 
Tiveot, and Jane his wife. (3) Impaled, the dexter side again 
impaled ; i. argent, saltire gules, Gerard : ii. barry-wavy of six 
argent and azure, Basset * : 3rd, Spencer ; for Elizabeth who married 

> Dr. Vaughan Thomas supposes ' For her two husbands Gerard and 
this. Basset. 



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SPENCER FAMILY. 301 

Sir Samuel Gerard, Knt., and afterwards Francis Basset, Esq., of 
Tihedy, co. Cornwall. 

Upon the eastern pilaster : (4) Gules, a chevron ermine between 
three goats' heads erased argent ; (a very small label of three points for 
diflference); Marwood; impaling Spencer (which coat is also on an 
escutcheon of pretence upon the dexter) for Constance who married 
George Marwood, Esq. (5) Azure, ten billets, 4, 3, 2, i, or, on a 
chief of the last, a demi-lion rampant issuant, sable, armed and langued, 
gules, for Dormer ; impaling Spencer (which coat is also on an escut- 
cheon of pretence over the dexter) for Catherine Spencer who married 
John Dormer. She afterwards married the Honourable George Mor- 
daunt, and the date of her second marriage would fix the date of this 
monument as it was probably erected before that event, seeing that the 
Mordaunt arms are not shown upon it. 



Upon the south wall, at the east end, is a marble tablet to Jane, 
Viscountess Tiveot, wife of Robert Spencer, Viscount Tiveot (second 
son of William, Lord Spencer of Wormleighton). The two oval 
shields connected by a coronet each bear the Spencer arms. The 
inscription, page 294. 



Westward of the last is another mural tablet in honour of the 
Honourable Margaret Mordaunt The arms are Mordaunt alone, 
argent, a chevron between three estoiles sable, on the chevron a 
crescent for difference. Crest of Mordaunt Inscription, page 294. 



Upon the west wall, a beautiful bas-releif representing a mourning 
female figure. This is to the memory of a Duchess of Marlborough, 
who is buried in Blenheim chapel. Inscription at page 295. 



Upon the floor are four flat blue stones; to Lady Spencer who 
died in 17 12, and her two daughters, Elizabeth Lady Gerard, and 
Catherine Mordaunt, and the fourth to Margaret Mordaunt. In- 
scriptions, page 294. 



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302 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

The Windows in the Spencer Aisle. 

In the five lights of the east window, and in the tracery of the head 
are fourteen shields of arms including the family connections in 
wearisome repetition. 

Eight shields are in the interstices of the tracery, each held by an 
angel: (i) Spencer with a mullet or for difference ; (2) The same; (3) 
Deverelle; (4) Spencer of Wormleighton, called Spencer b; (5) War- 
steade; (6) Graunt ; (7) destroyed, probably Rudings; (8) Spencer. 

Below, one in each light, are : — 

I. Of eight quarters, viz. : ist, Spencer ; 2nd, Spencer b ; 3rd, 
Deverelle ; 4th, Lincoln ; 5th, Warsteade ; 6th, Graunt ; 7th, Rudings ; 
8th, Spencer; impaled with four quarterings, viz. (i) and (4) Kitson ; 
(2) and (3) counter-quartered ; i and iv paly of six argent and azure, 
on a chief gules, three bezants for Donnington ; ii and iii argent, a 
chevron between three mullets gules for Pollard. These are the arms 
of Sir John Spencer of Althorp, Knt, and Katherine his wife, the 
parents of the first Sir William Spencer of Yamton. 

II. Of seven parts, four in chief and three in base: viz. ist, 
Spencer ; 2nd, Spencer b ; 3rd, Deverelle ; 4th, Lincoln ; 5th, War- 
steade; 6th, Graunt; 7th, Rudings; impaled with four quarters: 
viz. (i) aijd (4) Bowier; (2) and (3) sable, three pointed spades, 
two and one argent, ironed or, for Knipersley*. 

These are the arms of Sir William Spencer, Knt., first Lord of the 
Manor of Yamton, and of Margaret his wife. 

IIL Impaled; Dexter side, same as last; sinister side, Brainthwaite. 
These are the arms of Sir Thomas Spencer, ist Baronet, and Margaret 
his wife. 

IV. Deverelle. V. Lincoln. 

Below are, Spencer b twice over, and a large shield of six 
coats conjoined palywise, viz. ist, Warsteade; 2nd, Graunt; 3rd, 
Rudings; 4th, Spencer; 5th, Donnington (quartered as before with 
Pollard), and 6th, Kitson. These are so strangely assorted as to 
give occasion to suppose that they have been put together by some 
ignorant person. 

In this window is preserved a relic of ancient glass, a head in dark 
flesh tones with the legend * Mother of God have pity on me.' 

* The arms of Knipersley were quar- They settled in Sussex in time of Henry 
tered by the Bowyere, who originally IV. See Dallaway*s Sussex, vol. i, 
sprang from Knipersley, co. Stafford. p. 61. 



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SPENCER FAMILY. 

In the easternmost window, on the south wa 
Warsleade ; 2nd, Graunt ; 3rd, Rudings. 



'XOZ 



In the westernmost window, three shields as 

I. Of seven parts ; the first. Sir William Sp 
which is quartered with Deverelle and Linco 
that these are put together wrongly : for Be 
quarter the former connections of Spencer. 

II. Rudings with a mullet gules for difference 
helmet with mantle gules, lined argent) an arm 
sinister side, in armour proper, purfled or, 1 
wivern's head erased argent, langued gules. 

III. A shield holding a conhised mass of aU 
ings. 

Upon the corbels of the roof are the foUowir 

On the north side, beginning at the west ei 

hidden by the summit of the monument ; 3rd 

elle; 5th, Spencer. On the south side, begii 

Deverelle ; 7th, Lmcoln ; 8th, Spencer ; 9th, Sp 



In this chapel prayers are said on eacl 
mentioned in the will of the second Sir Thot 
day, I St January, upon the day of his death, 6I 
anniversary of Dame Jane Spencer, his widow. 



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CHAPTER VIII. 

Night March of King Charles through Yarnton. 

(This account is taken from Sir Edward Walker's History of the Rebellion, 
p. ao. Bod. i. 2, 7, Jar.; also from Dr. V. Thomas* Night Maxx:h of King Charles, 
Oxford, 1853.) 

If all records had been silent regarding Yarnton the events of the 
memorable and 'never to be forgotten night' would suflSce to give it 
a place in history. When the details of this movement are examined, 
the prompt action of the King, the silent obedience of his followers, 
the stamich loyalty of the people through whose midst he passed, and 
the success which followed it, are considered, all these circimistances 
unite in rendering this march one of the most skilful and remarkable 
pieces of strategy ever recorded. 

To imderstand the reason for the course decided upon by the King 
it will be necessary to look back and briefly recapitulate the course of 
events which so nearly culminated in making the King, his sons and 
his whole army prisoners in Oxford. 

Early in the year 1644 the Committee of War sitting at West- 
minster resolved to close hostilities if possible, by besieging Oxford 
and capturing the King. To this end large reinforcements were 
raised and sent to the armies of Essex and Waller to enable them to 
carry out this plan. Instructions were sent to Lord Essex that he 
should move up the Cherwell, and to Sir William Waller that he 
should take the Berkshire side of the City and after crossing the Isis 
that both should join their forces upon the north side of Oxford and 
thus complete the circle of investment. The result of this attempt, as 
far as the fight at Gosford Bridge is concerned, is told in the history of 
Kidlington. The attack was renewed during three days and ended 



\ 



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NIGHT MARCH OF KING CHARLES. 305 

in the repulse of the Parliament men, and left the passes of the river, 
and the mills along its course, in the hands of the Royal party. In 
the meanwhile Waller had succeeded in crossing the Isis at New- 
bridge and in occupying Abingdon with 5000 men. This news was 
brought to the King on Sunday the 2nd June, who without delay 
assembled his Council at Woodstock and issued orders to the troops 
to withdraw from Newbridge, to abandon the passes of the Cherwell 
and to meet him at Yamton. The immediate result of this action 
was the occupation of Kidltngton by Essex, and of Ensham by Waller. 
The King was fully aware of the urgency of the position in which he 
was placed and silently determined upon his course. 

That same evening he returned upon the road to Oxford and lay all 
night at Wolvercote in his coach. Early on Monday morning the 
in^try joined him from Gosford and all marched together close up 
to the city walls, where they lay until evening, being provisioned from 
the public magazines. At six o'clock the same morning the King 
returned to Christ Church, and putting his private affairs in order he 
ordered a large body of men to march towards Abingdon in order to 
draw off the attention of the enemy. The ruse succeeding, the time 
for action was come, a few hours more and all would have been too 
late. The King recalled the division from the Abingdon road and 
desired the council, his servants and his own body-guard to be ready 
at the sound of the trumpet. 

Sufficient provision was made for the good maintenance of the city, 
the Duke of York being left behind with the assurance from his father 
of his speedy return, and the King joined his troops at 9 o'clock that 
evening. So little was his Majesty's intention guessed at, that it was 
remarked ' that contrary to expectation ' he passed through the north 
gate with Prince Charles, the Duke of Richmond and his immediate 
attendants. 

The word being passed 2500 musketeers were drawn horn the 
main body and formed without colours, under the following leaders : 
the Earl of Brentford, fourth Lieutenant-General ; Sir Jacob Astley, 
Serjeant-Major-General ; Colonel Blagge, Colonel Lisle, Sir Bernard 
Astley, Colonels of Tertias ; Colonel Lloyd, Quarter-Master-Gen,eral, 
and divers others. These joined the cavahy which was in St. Giles' 
Field and, the horse being in the van, his Majesty led them out 
towards Wolvercote. Quickly and silently they crossed Port Meadow, 
entering it by Heyfield's Hut Lane, to the Toll Bridge at Lower 
Wolvercote which presented the first check. That passed, the way lay 

X 



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3o6 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

along a narrow lane now under water, called Trigg's Lane, into 
Picksey Mead. The old ford at the north of Picksey was at that 
time available and by it they passed into Oxhay. The ancient 
village road through Yamton was now before them and along it, past 
the manor house then probably used as a hospital, and past the church, 
their way lay through the village to * Frogwelldown Lane/ About 
two miles further brought them to the bridge over the Evenlode 
beyond Woodstock Park and by this time it was daylight. The 
anxiety of the King must have increased as they neared this bridge as 
the whole success of their undertaking depended upon finding this 
free, but so true to him were the country people and so quick and 
silent was the march of his men that no intelligence was carried to the 
enemy who upon either hand were within three miles of the line of 
march. Once over the bridge all danger was at an end, and by nine 
in the morning the army was drawn up undisturbed upon Hand- 
borough Heath. At Bletchingdon that morning, Essex looked out 
towards Oxford and seeing the royal ensign still flying in the breeze 
concluded that all was safe and the King still within his grasp. 
Later on in the day both Essex and Waller received the tidings of the 
King's escape and prepared to follow, but only succeeded in catching 
up the stragglers at Burford. A severe storm of hail, thunder and 
lightning burst upon the Roundhead party while they were crossing 
Campsfield and continued for two hours; this so confused them, 
beating in their faces, hampered as they were with baggage, that 
the pursuit was futile. The King's army was at Minster Lovel when 
the storm surprised them but they continued their way unmolested. 
Waller being too far in the rear to inconvenience them seriously. By 
a succession of marches and counter-marches his Majesty succeeded 
in out-manoeuvring his pursuer and returned to Oxford seventeen days 
after he had quitted it. 

Upon this memorable march 6000 men, principally cavalry, 
accompanied the King, but they were unencumbered with baggage or 
artillery. 

A few months later, we read ' that the residue of the King's army 
lyes about Woodstock,' and the whole winter was passed in reconnaiss- 
ances and skirmishes on the north side of Oxford, a smart encounter 
taking place at Rousham in the beginning of March, 1644-5 ^- The 
King remained in Oxford during the next spring, but in May he 

* Perfect Diamal, nth Nov. 1644, Nos. 67 and 83. 



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THE MEADOWS. 307 

moved to Woodstock and on to Stow in the Wold, returning again in 
November. The following April, the last and fatal journey was taken 
with only two companions, which ended in the catastrophe at Newark. 
The thunder-storm upon the 4th June is mentioned in a paper of 
the time * Mercurius Rusticus.' 

* There fell upon Campsfield near Woodstock a prodigious violent storm 
of hail and rain accompanied with terrible thunder and lightning for the 
space of two hours ; some of the hail was as big as a nutmeg.' 

Dr. Thomas in his * Night March of King Charles ' points out the 
route the army must have taken upon this occasion. His long 
experience and knowledge of the locality made him peculiarly fit to 
throw Ught upon the subject. Yarnton lies about midway between 
Oxford and Handborough Bridge, and from the latter place to 
Yarnton was formerly a long green lane of about two and a half miles 
called 'Froggledown Lane'; it was stopped at the entrance to 
Cassington parish when the enclosure was made in 1800. This was 
the common road to market for the country folks. At the bottom of 
the ' Mead lane ' leading into ' Oxhay mead ' there still stands an old 
building, now a cowhouse, which was at the time of our history a 
public-house. This fact alone shows that this lane was a much 
frequented road. The words of the historian then ' passed through 
Yarnton' literally meant that the King and his troops, about 6000 
men, marched the length of the village and parish. 

N.B. — It does not seem probable that the forty soldiers who died at 
Yarnton fell in any of the skirmishes around the village. From 
the dates, most of them in 1643, it would seem as if they had been 
brought here to be nursed at the temporary hospital established in the 
manor house. 



The Meadows*. 

The meadows watered by the Isis constitute a valuable portion of 
the parish of Yarnton. The large meadow known as *Pixey,' 
containing 200 acres, forms an island enclosed by the double stream. 
* Oxhay or Oxhurst' lies west of *Pixey' and *West Mead' still 
further west. 

In the 1 8th and 19th Henry II, Bernard of St. Wallery gave ' Pixey ' 
to the nuns of Godstow. 

* Richard, Earl of Cornwall, gave Abbey. See Chartnlary of Osney, 
'Commons' in Erdington to Osney p. 38. Also supra, pp. 109 and 210. 

X 2 



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308 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

* £t insulam inter duos pontes et Pechesiam et quinque solidos ad fal- 
candum idem pratum ad festum St. Johannis Baptistae et la denarios in 
Wulgaricote et 2j. in Erdintune K* 

The name *Pixey' has been said to refer to the opportunities 
presented for fishing from this meadow, but there does not appear to 
be any sufficient authority for the derivation. 

In More's Collections for Godstow we find that 

* A mede by ''Aristotle's well," called Oxhey, was given to Roysa, Abbess 
of Godstow, while Nicholas of Kingstone Bagpuze was Mayor V 

Also that Reginald de St Wallery gave the * Fishing and all appur- 
tenances/ Aristotle's well is at the comer of Kingston road and 
Heyfield's Hut near Oxford, and according to this account the whole 
meadows extending from here to Yamton were called 'Oxhey'; 
'Pixie' would be simply one portion of 'Oxhey'; the mead still 
retaining that name lying to the north of it. 

The meadows are known as the ' Lot Meadows,' the customs of 
which are deserving of attention as being unusual in their form, so 
much so that a well known valuer, writing in the year 1809 from 
Banbury, says : — 

' The term "Drawn" as applied to meadow land I have never before 
met with in 40 years' practice'.' 

The parishes of Begbroke and Water Eaton have each a share in 
the Yarnton meadows : Begbroke, 66 acres ; Water Eaton, 7 acres, 
I rood, 8 poles. These lands are interchangeable year by year 
according as the lots are drawn. Certain enclosures marked out with 
stones and called ' Tydals ' that is Tythals, belong to the rectories of 
Yamton and Begbroke. Each Tydal is divided into three parts : two 
of which belong to Exeter College *, and one to Begbroke. Wolvercote 
has a large share in Pixey mead. 

Part of Pixey in Begbroke, 14 acres, 2 roods, 16 poles. 

Part in Water Eaton, 7 acres, i rood, 8 poles. 

The custom of the drawing is as follows: The 'Meadsman' 
has the management of the business and upon a certain appointed 
day at the end of June he takes a bag, containing thirteen coloured 
wooden balls, down to the meadows and begins the drawing. 
• Oxhay mead ' has seventy acres and is drawn three times : ' West 

» White Kennet, vol. i, p. ia8. These ' A letter in Exeter College from Mr. 

two bridges aie those between Wolver- John Chamberlain, Cropredy Lawn, 

cote and Godstow. Banbnry, April i, 1809. 

3 More*8 Collections, pp. 129 and 144, * For the Rectory of Yamton. 
in Bodl. Lib. 



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THE MEADOWS. 309 

mead' has eighty acres and is drawn five tunes: *Pixey' has 
sixty acres and is drawn twice. N.B. — The drafts of *Pixey' are 
drawn together. Each draft consists of thirteen lots. In * Oxhay ' 
thirty-nine lots ; in * West mead ' sixty-five lots ; in * Pixey ' twenty- 
six lots. Each lot has a name, marked upon a ball, and belongs to a 
particular farm, and when such name is drawn it shows to whom such 
a lot belongs. 

The thirteen names are as follows. The origin of them is not 
known. 'Gilbert, White, Harry, Boat, William, Freeman, Rothe, 
Walter Molly, Walter Jeoflfrey, Perry, Green, Dunn, Boulton or 
Booton/ 

The drawing proceeds in each meadow as above according to the 
number of lots necessary to cover the area *. 

When all is done runners proceed to mark the * treadways ' between 
the lots by running across the grass from fixed stakes shuffling their 
feet along. 

The measurement of the land used in these meadows requires expla- 
nation. The size of the unit of measurement varies with the lot drawn. 

A yard is a fourth part of a lot. 

A habaker is half a lot. 

An acre is a lot 

An acre or lot is sometimes three or four acres. 

The habaker, two or two and a half*. 

The yard, one or more. 

A man's mowth is reckoned at a scratch acre. 

When each lot is large, the habaker is large too, and so the yard, 
and when small, they are small too. 

The custom used to be to cut the grass in the first mead, * Oxhay,' 
on the I st Monday after old St. Peter's; to cut the grass in * West 
mead,' on the following Monday; to cut the grass in * Pixey,' the 
Monday following.' 

The plan of cutting each meadow upon one day gave rise to an 
immense amount of disturbance and not in the village. As a great 
influx of disorderly people flocked to the place, where a fair was held, 
with all its attendant drunkenness. No respectable person was able to 

^ The materials for this chapter are three yards in West mead, 4/2. or. 24^. 

taken from Dr. Thomas' papers, Gongh, The Tidalls are pens of the best land 

91, Bodl. Lib. Also information from stoned out in each meadow for the tithe 

Mr. Balleine, the vicar. owner, to discharge the rest from tithe. 

* A *HabaJcer' or Halfacre in Oxhay, Gongh Sa. See p. aiS supra. 
2a. ir. 31/.; in Picksey, la. yr, 34^.; 



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3IO HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

go near the meadows, and the riots ended in loss of life. Moreover, 
the restriction of time obliged the farmers to employ outside labour, 
whereby wages were spent outside the parish to the detriment of the 
home labourers. 

Owing to these considerations, Mr. Vaughan Thomas, the vicar, 
urged upon the landlords and tenants the desirability of extending the 
time of cutting the grass from one day to three. It was shown that if 
this plan were adopted, two home labourers could do as much as ten 
upon the old system. 

In 1 815 the excitement ran so high that Mr. James Walker of 
Yamton was sworn in as Justice of the Peace, and special constables 
were held in readiness for any emergency. A memorandum of the 
vicar's, who evidendy kept himself in the background, is as follows : — 

' Upon the information of my Clerk, July 15th, 18 15. In the evening 
Mr. Strainge preferred a fight in the meadows ; Mr. R. Osbom prevented 
it in Yamton, the parties then went to the other side of the ditch into 
* Worton Mead ' (Cassington parish), Lindsey and Strainge then quarrelled 
and fought, &c. The special Constables remained in the Town at the 
Red Lion.' 

Strainge * was again leading the disturbances in 181 7, and strongly 
opposed any change in the days for mowing. The following pithy 
dialogue took place between him and the vicar on the loth July in 
that year : — 

* Strainge, " I think, Sir, it is an improper interference with private 
property." 

Thomas. 'M disavow all such motives, my reason for what I have 
done is to keep peace and good order.'' 

Strainge. '• I conclude that Sir H. Dashwood's property will be injured 
by the arrangement." 

Thomas. " You are the only person who thinks so, I must say you are 
a solitary instance of opposition." 

Strainge. " When you wrote to Sir H. Dashwood you did not know 
that there were * Commons * after the Mowth." 

Thomas. ** I mentioned them in my letter together with the objection 
against the change of time which was made on that account.'' 

Strainge. " You have been very hasty in the business." 

Thomas. ** I weighed it well first of all, and then acted with speed." 

Strainge. "When people live in glass houses they should not throw 
stones. I think that service ought to be performed twice a day on 
Sundays." 

' He lived in the Manor House. Dr. the ' Garland/ as that always began 
V. Thomas wrote to beg Sir H. Dash- the disturbances, 
wood to forbid his tenant Slatter making 



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COLLEGE FARMS. 31 1 

Thomas. " If we begin to throw stones perhaps I shouM hrMk nne of 
your windows ; for if you acted in that way I would most 
all your tithes in kind.** 

Strainge. " Well, Sir, I have been rather warm as I felt 
interference. We'll forget, if you please, all that has passec 

Thomas. "With all my heart, and (taking him by th 
there is no man of whose openness, honour, and candour 
opinion." (I feared I said too much, but quaere ?)* 

The change in the time for mowing was agreed upon 
concerned in 18 17, and the vicar closed his labours up< 
with a sermon upon the blessings of peace. 

The meadows were opened for stock on the Monday 
feast, which is held at the feast of St. Bartholomew. 

The meadow mark for cattle is £.=Erdington. 

The canal cutting from Duke's Lock to the river, lead 
the boat traffic along the Yamton meads. Boats usii 
path pay toll to the meadsman. 

Morris' Lots. 
'Mem. Seven lots belonged to Coggins, they are the 
fought for with the Burgesses of Oxford, They came t< 
part came to Morris by inheritance; bought the rest of 
Pixsey lot was bought by Swan of Wolvercote Mill '.* 



A Farm belonging to Exeter College, purchased 
1789:- 

163a. From deeds in the possession of the College, 
trace the history of this farm from the year 1632. 
Charles I, Henry Phipps of Yamton, gave a lease of 1 
in the meadows, a piece called ' Sharpes,' and other ] 
forming part of his farm, to John Tustian of Kidlingt 
was renewed between the same parties and William, tl 
J. Tustian, who became a party in it The * Marsh Clc 
larly mentioned, and its situation pointed out as having 1 
side a close in the occupation of Thomas Leigh, gentler 
the north one in the possession of James Stone, gent., 1 
* The Cottagers' Close,' and abutting upon the lane leadi 
ton. Phipps probably owned this land before this. In 
Phipps was assessed for two yard-lands. This is prett] 

^ V. Thomas, notes, Gongh, 91. By 'Coggins' Cockin he 
meant See Begbroke. 



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31 a HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

same piece occupied by Robert Page in 1530 (see list for that date) 
hence * Page's Close/ 

1691. This year, Robert Phipps, cordwainer, mortgaged this same 
land to one Miles, gent., of London. In 1702, Robert Phipps 
made his last will in favour of his wife (Elizabeth Colin of Ensham \ 
leaving ample provision f3r the education of his only child Elizabeth, 
who, upon her marriage with John Weston, conveyed the farm 
to her husband : he mortgaged ' Page's Close ' to Alderman Wright 
Weston let another portion to Henry Wise, and at lasl^ apparently 
being hopelessly involved, Exeter College accepted the mortgages, 
1739, and Weston rented the land from them. John Weston being 
dead, a lease was given to his son, who is styled Phipps Weston, Clc;rk, 
of Fifield, CO. Berks, in 1 749. The sale seems to have been completed 
by the payment of £800 to the Weston family, and the new lease 
granted to Phipps Weston in 1789 is endorsed 'estate and tenement 
purchased this year.' 
Mr. Weston valued part of his farm thus : — 

u. r. p. 
* Half an acre in Oxhurst Drawn three times . . • o a o 
3 Yerds in West Meadow Drawn five times * . i 3 o 
Half an acre in Pixey Drawn once • • . • o a o.' 

To understand this refer to the Meads' Customs, page 309. By 
this explanation, the half acre in Oxhurst would be equal to one and 
a half acre : the three yerds in West Mead would be equal to eight acres 
and three roods. The half acre in Pixey, two roods *. 

1796. Lease to Tredwell Strainge (late in occupation of Thomas 
Watson). 

1818. To John Cooper, who sublet the farm the following day, by 
agreement with the CoMege, to John Eeley. Rent £236 for eight 
years. 

Weston appears to have gone to Hinton near Brackley. He gave 
evidence in the tithe suit in 1808. 



Jackson Family and Mkrton College Farm. 
The last will and testament of John Jackson, cook, proved in 1724, 
is preserved among the Weston papers in Exeter College. From its 
internal testimony we may conclude that he was a member of that 

* Yamton Reg. 1690. acres. The yard-land varied with the 

' This farm is measured and laid out quality of the land (Survey of 1744, 
at two yard-lands, eadh yard at thirty Gough, 82). 



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COUNTY ELECTION. 313 

faimly. Amongst other items he bequeaths the picture of Elizabeth, 
now wife of John Weston, to his son Henry Jackson. 

In Merton G)llege Chapel, upon the west side of the north aisle is 
a mural tablet * to the memory of Henry Jackson, who died on the 
22nd of October, 1727, in his 53rd year. This person is much 
praised for his good life and afifable manners, and by his music is said 
to have added much to the attractions of the college choir to which 
he belonged. He began as chorister at Christ Church, afterwards 
clerk, and then chaplain of New College ; reader in the Temple at 
London ; Minor Canon of St. Paul's. By his will he left to Merton 
College land, both in Littlemore and Yamton, for the support of four 
scholars who were to be bom in 'Oxonia.' His mother, Maria 
Jackson, is buried near to him : she died in 171 1, aged 56 '. 

The fields belonging to this farm are all intermixed with those 
belonging to Exeter; the inference may be that they represent 
together the old property of Phipps Weston. 



Poll for the County Election in 1754. 

The account of this hotly contested election is given in the history 
of Kidlington. The details of the Yamton voters are as follows : — 

John Davies, occupying his own land, voted for Wenman and 
Dashwood. 

Robert Rogers, clerk, living at Iffley, for Vicarage, voted for 
the same. He was objected to as not being assessed at Iffley. 

Richard Southby, Esq., of Appleton, Berks, for land occupied by 
Thos. Dunsby, voted for the same. 

Adrien Jo. Sweete, Esq., of Train, Devon, for land occupied by 
Thos. Field (Frice Farm), voted for the same. 

Thomas Wilkins, of Ensham, for land occupied by George Watkins, 
voted for Parker and Turner. 



Concluding Remarks. 

Before we draw this history of Yamton to a close, we may 

endeavour to form a picture of the village and its inhabitants as they 

appeared during the latter part of the eighteenth and the early portion 

of this century. The following particulars are gleaned from various 

^ The tablet above is surmounted by three sheldrakes argent.' 
a bust, and beneath is the following ' Gou^, 91, p. 4. 

coat of arms, 'Gules, a fesse between 



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314 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

sources and may be considered authentic. First of all, we must 
remember that the present aspect of the village only dates from the 
breaking up of the manor upon the sale of the Spencer property. 
This gave rise to many houses being built and many small holdings '. 
In the seventeenth century the greater portion of the village lay upon 
the east side of the Church lane, and the houses were approached by 
bridges over barrel arches across the ditch. * Pater Noster ' meadow 
was divided into 12 or 13 plots, which formed paddocks to the cottages. 
At the bottom of this lane, which was the highway to Oxford, stood 
Folliafs public-house, part still remaining, at that time the ' Red Lion (?y 
Higher up the road was the ' Six Bells V for many years past a private 
house. The road leading to Cassington, known as 'Froggledown 
Lane,' was not discontinued until about the year 1800, when Cassing- 
ton was enclosed. One Brooks insisted upon having the road altered, 
and the Yamton people making no resistance, it was closed. 
Dr. Thomas, says : — 

* It was at the Six Belk that the Ringers went to drink their ringing 
money ; the house was as old as the Yamton peal, that is, it was opened as 
an Alehouse about 1620.' 

The money was paid to the * host ' by the churchwardens, and he 
gave it out in beer to the ringers. Parret and Cecil kept the house 
successively. 

Folliat's house was used by the tradesmen, who were sent there to 
drink their beavers. 

The condition of the roads about this country may be imagined 
from what a writer in the beginning of this century says ; — 

* I remember the roads of Oxfordshire 40 years ago when they were in 
a condition formidable to the bones of all who travelled upon wheels. 
The two great turnpike roads were repaired with stones as large as they 
could be got from the quarry, and the cross roads were impassable without 
real danger '.' 

Yamton was probably more favoured than other parishes in this 
respect, having the road to the royal manor of Woodstock mnning 
through the village. The bridge at the entrance of the parish called 
'King's Bridge' may very well have been provided for the royal 
progress, and the people of Yamton were employed in keeping the 
road in passable repair, apparentiy under * the King's supervisors *.' 

' V. Thomas, Gongh, 91. No. 4a on map. 

• This house belonged to Dr. Thomas * Arthur Young, 181 3. 

and was then inhabited by J. Cooper. * Parish Books. 



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CONCLUDING REMARKS. 315 

The old vicarage stood on the side of the Church lane and was a small 
poor cottage*. The vicars do not appear to have been resident 
until Dr. Thomas enlarged the vicarage house. He lived some 
years at Begbroke as curate, and latterly in Oxford. During his long 
incumbency he employed himself in advancing the well-being of his 
parish in many ways, and in collecting materials for its history, of 
which the present writer has gratefully made use. Agriculture may 
be presumed to have been in a very rudimentary condition, as Arthur 
Young finds no remarks to make, although praising the farms of 
many in the neighbourhood. Tradition tells us that upon the first 
breaking up of Sir Thomas Spencer's park, the land was laid down 
in woad {Reseda lufeola), which was used for yellow dye, and also 
for the yellow paint known as * dutch pink.' There still continues a 
good deal of the plant wild in the lane. The family of Dunsby were 
first brought here out of Lincolnshire* to cultivate it, they being 
acquainted with the plant and its treatment. To the entry of several 
burials is attached the word ' Woadboy or Woadman.' Heame says, 
* Woad flourishes here mightily.' 

A very singular husbandry was also the cultivation of flax for the 
sake of the seed for fattening bullocks. 

' Eight or nine years past there was a wonderful quantity of flax raised 
at Water Eaton, Hampton, and Yardlngton, on boggy land, and a good 
wheat got after it by Mr. Cocks, but at present there is none. The flax 
was watered and dressed in the usual way, but the object of the cultivation 
was the seed for live stock •.' 

The still existing system of ' lot meadows ' is a survival of the open 
field system which had been found so undesirable in most places. 
The fact of the lots being interchangeable and lying in narrow strips 
and parcels must have led to waste and inconvenience to all parties. 
The natural drainage of the parish of Yamton had been much 
interfered mth when the Thames was made navigable to Cricklade *, 
and by the canal, and we may add, in common with the rest of the 
parishes along its course, by the making of the railway. 

The erection of the Pound Lock at Godstow and the water * pen ' at 
King's Weir had destroyed the ford way into Pixey, and thereby 
deprived the farmers of their easy access to that meadow, the water 

' Dr. Thomas. ' Arthur Young, Survey of Oxford* 

' Another letter says ' Gloucester- shire, 18 13. 
shire.* Gough, 91. * Dr. Thomas and A. Yoong. 



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3l6 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

having been raised four or five feet. It had also had the effect of 
filling the ditches and causing the water to stand in pools throughout 
the year, and had changed some of the best pasturage in Yamton into 
coarse, worthless grass. In 1813 a lawsuit was entered upon against 
Mr. Swan of Wolvercote Mill on account of the water level, the owners 
being accused of having raised the sill of a lasher diuing the night 

The condition of the people changed with that of the land upon the 
departiu-e of the old family. When the Spencers dwelt here there 
were no labouring poor: all were small renters farming on their own 
account Later on we are told pf one labouring man, a resident ; 
many small farms have been absorbed with the usual result — a long 
list of persons on the rates *. There was no * Poor House' here : all 
were looked after at home in the parish houses until the new Union 
brought about a change of management and the houses were sold. 

A few of the old inhabitants may still be traced. The Mynnes who 
for many years filled the parish offices of trust, occupied 'Frice' 
farm^ which was the home farm to the Manor House, and the malt 
house was there. On the 20th July, 1823, a disastrous thunder-storm 
broke over 'Frice' farm about three in the afternoon, while it was 
occupied by Mr. Vincent Shortland. Property to the amount of £500 
was burnt owing to the lightning setting fire to a bam '. 

Among the substantial farmers in Yamton may be reckoned the 
family of Osbora. Dr. Thomas tells us that the first of the name 
who rented the Manor Farm had been a tailor, but having had a 
wonderful crop of barley he was made a man of. 

'The Clerk's wife's grandmother lived in the house he now occu- 
pies, she and her husband Osborn had a dairy therein and a small farm 
of about 50 or 60 acres, the same took place all over the village. In 
Mrs. Miles' " Rutton " there were many tenements. In John Lay's ground 
near the Pool, a little tenement Jones' Cottage, once an alehouse. Old 
Mills lived at the Vicarage, brought in by Mr. Hawkins, 1815 '.' 

* Robert and Henry Osborn were brothers ; James, son of Robert : they 
all held the Manor Farm\' 

The northern boimdary of Yamton was undefined and intermixed 
with the adjoining parish of Begbroke ". Many pieces of land in 

» Gough, 91. Gongh, 83. 

' Gongh adds: Oxon, 4^ 49. Dnring ' Edward Moiton was clerk. Gougfa, 

the last hundred years the parish has 91. 
gradually become a dairy parish ; for- * Gongh, 8a. 

merly it was more arable and worked • Terrier of Begbroke, Gongh, 91. 

to the greater benefit of the tithe owners. 



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CONCLU. 

Yamton had always paid tit) 
may have been, or upon what 
Heame mentions being det 
1 7 1 2. He was in company \ 
been to Stonesfield. This n 
came to words upon a dra^ 
Burghers had made. Heam( 
and left the two Dutchmen to 

^ Michael Boighexs, a weU-ko 
engraver. 



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THE HISTORY OF B 



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THE HISTORY OF B. 



CHAPTER I. 



Begbroke in Domesi 

* These written below are the lands of WUlian 
'Roger de Laci holds Begbroke (Bechebroc) 
There are four hides and i virgate. Land fc 
Demesne two ploughs and 6 villeins with three bor 
There are fifty acres of meadow and forty ac 
worth a Hundred shillings and afterwards six p< 
pounds *.* 

' Earl William mentioned in this entry was 
Sewer of Normandy and Earl of Hereford. H 
The Earldom of Hereford and all his lands in E 
son, Roger de Britolio, who was condemned tc 
of his possessions for rebellion. The lands n 
manner seem to have been part of Earl Williai 
and at the time of the Survey let out to farm by t 

Under the patronage of the Lacys, Begbrok 
of the Lordship of Ludlow. 



The name of this place is an example of th< 
words signifying the same thing, Brook; ar 
parallel, occurs in Cheshire, where the name ] 

* Vol I, p. i6i. • Izaac ' 

' Introduction to Domesday. See p. 224. 
Ellis. 



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322 HISTORY OF BEGBROKE. 

Hundred Rolls, vol. 2, p. 857 (about 3 Edward I, 1274-5): — 

5 holds one fourth part of the township of Bekebroc 
Wylamescote and the same Richard from Geoffrey 
e same Geoffrey from the Lord the King in chief of 
idlow. He holds in demesne half a carucate of land 
of the church of the same place and he holds it for 
from the aforesaid Richard, he owes suit and service 
irt of Wootton three weeks at a time. 

Servu 

nrurthe holds of the same Richard one virgate of land 

and redeems his children at the will of his lord. 

hard de Bladene : Agnes de Bladene: each one 

ame conditions and they pay scutage for each virgate 



■ Stodley holds in the aforementioned village three 

*om the same Richard and pays ij" 6^ scutage for 

she holds in demesne one virgate and does suit and 

Servu 
holds from the same Prioress one virgate for 51. 
edeeming as above, 
holds from the same one virgate on the same terms. 



Is four virgates of land in demesne and half the village 
Richard de Wylamescote and the same Richard holds 
; Geinville and the same Geoffrey from the Lord the 
s Honour of Ludlowe. He holds it for half a knight's 
nd service at the Court at Wootton. 

ServL 

e holds I virgate from the said John for 5/. working 
^eming his children ; Walter Godefray ; Walter Grips ; 
liter Rudulf ; Will Boveton; Geoffrey Egstreeye and 
sv of Frank Pledge 2s. a year. 



Lccount from the Hundred Rolls we see that the 
Le was let to Richard de Wylamscote*, and that he 
^parate portions, 
iions held one quarter of the village with the Ad- 

amscote appears to have married a de Sansey. See infra. 



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EARL Y HISTOR Y. '3^3 



vowson of the church, also the Demesne la 
a knight's fee (£io), and had four tenants 

2. The Prioress of Studley held three 
same Richard de Wylamscote, and she sul 
another to Robert le Berker, holding the tl 

3. John Giflford held half the village and 
from the same, and from him Richard de F 
six small tenements. 

These three divisions of the Parish m 
sented by the three principal holdings, vi; 
broke Hall Farm, and Begbroke Hill ^ 



Let us take what belongs to the first por 

The family of Lypns who held the Mane 
from Warkworth in Northamptonshire, whe 
the beginning of the 13th century. 

From John de Lyons descended Rogei 
Rector whose name we know. 

In the early part of the reign of King 
namesake, held : — 

*0f the Fee of Walter de Lacy one kn 
ij marks V 

Li the seventeenth of the same reign we 
turbed in his possession, and had applied 
which he speedily obtained. 

* The King to the Sheriff of Oxfordshire grc 

* We require of you that if it is found tha 
unjustly deprived of his lands in Begbroke i 
fully reinstated therein.' 

*The King to the Sheriff of Oxon greeting, 

* We order that without delay you shall giv€ 
Lyonns of half of Bekebroc with its belongings 
and of one messuage at Holton, if he has be 
same without trial and as he says, by our will' 

1335-6. In ninth Edward III, John de ] 
Bekebroke and SwerfordV 

* Ifweconld be certain which of these • Cloi 
two latter fanns represent the Studley 316, a. j 
property, the rest would be simple. * Que 

« TesU de Nevill, p. 11 a. 

Y Q. 



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3^4 HISTORY OF BEGBROKE. 

How this family were subsequently represented by the Chetwodes 
and Woodhulls see Pedigree, page 328. 



The second part, the Farm of the Nuns. 

In * Testa de Nevill * * we read that Matilda de Lens and the Prioress 
of Studley hold one knight's fee from Ralph de Salcey in Bekebroc, 
of the Fee of Walter de Lacy and the same Walter from the King. 

In Henry Vlllth's reign the property of * Stodeley Priory in Beg- 
broke was valued at 26J. 8^.* ' 

Their land was bought after the dissolution by the Crokes, and this 
farm in Begbroke was especially named •. 

The Priory of Studley was a house of Benedictine nuns founded 
by Bernard of St. Wallery. 



The third portion held by John Giflford. 

This turbulent Baron was Lord of Brimsfield ; he carried off by 
force the widowed Countess of Salisbury and heiress of the Cliffords, 
and obliged her to marry him in 1240. In fighting against the Welsh 
he killed Llewellyn their Prince and was rewarded by the King, being 
summoned to Parliament as Baron of Brimsfield in the county of 
Gloucester*. In the year 1281 he founded Gloucester Hall in Oxford 
for the maintenance of thirteen Monks to pray for the repose of the 
souls of himself and his wife, the Countess Maud of Salisbury*. His 
son John Gifford succeeded him, and lost his head in the cause of 
Thomas Earl of Lancaster in 1322 ; the attainder being reversed, the 
lands were restored to his family a few years later, and we find the 
names of 

* Thomas Gifford ch'r and Sibella uxor ejus, half of Somerton manor : 
half of Fringford manor : quarter of messuage and quarter of virgate in 
Begbroke V 

Further, fourteen years later : — 

* Roger Gifford armiger, Begbroke manor, Cogges cotagiumi Newinton 
manor ^* 

The Nuns of Godstow also held a small interest in Begbroke. 

^Abbess of Godstow in Garsington, Thorp, Bekebroc, Cuddington, 
Lodeweli in lands and rents £^2 i8j. 8</.' ' 

* p. 103. » Elizabethan Oxford, Hist. See, p.69. 

* Valor £cclesiastica8,vol. a, p. 186. '18 Rich. II, Inq. Post Mort, vol. 3, 

* 31 Hen. Vm, Dug. Mon., vol. 4, p. 181. 

pp. 351, 353. » 10 Hen. rV, u. s. p. 321. 

^ Burke*8 Extinct Peerage. ' Taxation of Pope Nicholas, p. 44 b. 



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EARLY HISTORY. o^%t^ 



The family of Mayne, of whom we re 
allowed * to go where they please/ owned 
in Begbroke, which became a subject of d 
Oxford for many years. In i Richard I :- 

' Richard son of Mein fined in three ms 
the King's Court against WiUiam de Salsey 
< The same Richard gave a mark to have fail 
against William de S^ey V 

In the following reign the {unily weresti 
case was brought for trial 

ICAvne. 

Richard. Walter, Jaltaz 

I died8.p. I 

John. Mai^ 

Rkoard. Andre 

Robert of Rycot sued his cousin Andre 
four virgates of land in Begbroke and cer 
which Walter son of Mayne had died se 
Matilda his grandmother, sister to the said 

Andrew defended his right to these la: 
Juliana the elder sister; inasmuch as Richs 
having enfeoffed his brother Walter with X\ 
Walter without issue, Juliana entered ir 
grandson of the aforesaid Richard, three 
his case in Oxford against Andrew and had 
upon which they came to terms, and Richa 
Andrew upon the spot, so that half the la 
whole in Begbroke remained to Andrew. 

Robert and Richard came forward and ac 
and all that had been put forward, and it 
Robert could only claim half the lands, if h 
as he was only descended from a sister wher 
from the elder son, Andrew was cleared a 
mark. 

Richard Mayne used for seal an open hai 



^ Madox, History of the Exchequer, Edited I 
pp. 105, 144. » Mu] 

' BrBCton*8 Note. Book, Hen. m. p. 11 a. 



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\ 



326 HISTORY OF BEGBROKE. 

1264-5. I^ 49 Hen III : — 

* The King gave in fee one canicate of land in Beckbroc to John 
Clifford, which had belonged to James the son of Moses the Jew of 
London ^* 

The same Moses was the owner of houses in Oxford and sold them 
to the Fomider of Merton College, part of the site of the present 
front \ 

25 Hen. III. A case was tried to determine if Rosa de Bekebroc 
and her son William had unjustly turned John de Punzard out of 
his house in Bekebroc. The jury found that the said John had been 
wrongfully turned out, and it was ordered that he should be reinstated 
in his holding ^ 

* Bekebrok. The church of this parish with all its belongings is taxed 
at 4J. 4</. The Ninths are assessed at 40J. and no more, the Jurors 
declaring that the glebe and all the tithes are valued at 40J. There are 
none here to be called Catallar ^.' 



The case of the agents of the Abbot of Ensham levying the tithes * 
is mentioned in the History of Yamton, p. 210, and some Begbroke 
men were unjustly imprisoned. 



* Hamo de Creuker et Matilda de Havering uxor ejus — ^Begbroke terr* 
&c. KantV 

Hamon de Crevecoeur or de * Crepito Corde ' was High Sheriff of 
Kent and died 47 Hen. III. His estate in Begbroke must have come 
to him through his wife, who doubtless inherited it from her mother. 

Roland d* Abrincia, = Mand, daa. and heiress of Ni?el de Mnneville 
Lord of Folkestone, | or AmandeviUe, Lord ofFolkestone. 

married in a Hen. I. 



^.T 



Maad, heiress to her brother, == Hamon de Crevecoeur, 
married 6 Hen. HL Lord of Leeds, co. Kent^. 

In the Hundred Rolls for Yamton we see that the family of Mande- 
ville or Hamundeville held land there, and the uncertainty of the 
boundaries of these two parishes was recognised down to recent times. 

* Calend. Rot. Pat in Turns Londini. p. 138. 

John to Ed. IV. p. 36 b. » Hundred Rolls, vol. a, p. 48. 

' Elizabethan Oxford, p. 107. • Inq. Post Mort, vol. i, p. 33. 47 

' Abreviatio Pladtorum; Hundred Hen. Ill, c 1262-3. 

of Wootton, p. 116. ' Historic Peerage, Sir H. Nicolas, 

* Inquisition for levying the Ninths, p. 18. 



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EARLY HISTORY. 

The family of Crevecoeur were also at hom< 
there is mention of 

*An acquittance by Sir Robert de Grevequer 
by the Abbot and Convent of Osney for the Hu 
;^io, being part of £20 V Dated at Osney 30 E< 



'Begbroke, Bekebroc. Appointment to Robe 
Malet to take the Jury arraigned by GeofFre] 
Gilbert de Crokesford touching a tenement in V 



Table showing the descent of the Manor o 
feudal Lords from the Conquest until the sale 
Grey, Earl of Suffolk. 

Roger de Lad held the manor ii 
I 
The foarth from him in descent, 
Walter de LacL Lord of Ludlow. 

(ist) FMer de Geneva ^ His granddaughter, Maad ^ (and) 



T 



Fteter de Geinvilk 



Joane. s= Roger Mortiu 
She had all the lands of the Han^d at 

Gcinvilles, and half the forfeited ; 

lands of the Lacys. family. 



Walter de Clifford, =p a daughter of Llewelljn, Prina 
died in 1265. | 

(ist) Will d'Everenx, ^ Maude, his heiress == (and) John Gi 

Lonjracpc, I | the O 

Earl of Salisbury. I 2 daughters, held pj 

^ I ^ Rolls. 

Margaret, =p Henry Lacy, marris 

Countess of SaJjsbory. Earl of Lincoln, execut 

I Lanca 

j stored 

Ahce. = Thomas, Earl of Lc 

All her lands and title, passing to her executed in 13; 

husband, were confiscated, and given 
to Will. Montacutc, of Cassington. 
She died s. p. 1348. 

These pedigree descents are drawn from Borke^s Extinct Pe 
Montacate, and d'Evreuz, Earl of Salisbury. 

The lands of both these families having fallei 
those of Lacy in 1330, and those of Clifford i 
sequently we next find Begbroke in the custod; 

<ao**» Edward 3* (1346-7). Divers lands and 
John de Abberbury Chevalier V 

' Oxford Charters, Turner andCoxe's p. 17. 7 E< 
Cat, p. 339. » Inq. Poi 

* 48th Report of D. K. of Records, 



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S^S HISTORY OF BEGBROKE. 

William MonUcate, of Caariogton, 
bad grant of all the lands and the title of the Earl of Salisbafy. 

Hisf • - - - '- 



honooTi all forfeited, bat restored to his cnte, Earl of Salisbury, and wife of Alan de 

family. Boxhall, KnL, Bekebroc, i fae K) 

Thomas, Earl of Salidniry, = Alice Chancer, 
killed at siege of Orleans. 

Thomas Chaucer possessed land in Begbroke before the marriage 
of his daughter with the Earl of Salisbury. 

* Thomas Chaucer and Matilda his wife — Cotes, Wootten and Begbroke — 
6 messuages, 4 tofts, 100 acres in land and 6 acres of meadow in above'.' 

Two years later Matilda Chaucer appears assessed for the same. 

Alice Chaucer remarried to Will de la Pole, Earl of Suffolk, to 
whom she conveyed all her lands. 

For the further descent of her family see our history of Kidlington. 



DESCENT OF CHETWODE AND WODHULL FROM LYONS 
OF WARKWORTH, CO. NORTHANTS*. 

John de Lvons settled at Warkworth before laoo^ having married the heiress of the estate. 
After several descents from him, an heiress carried the fanuly estates to her hariwnd. 

Elisabeth Lyons = Sir Nicholas Chetwodeu of Chetwode, 
I CO. Backs, died 1369. 

Sir John Chetwode, died 1413, boried at Warkworth. 

Elias Langworth •=. Joan. Thomas Chetwode. Elixabeth, == Thomas Wodholl, 

died 1475, buried T ofPateahull, 



Thomas Wodhnll, died 1441. == Isabel TrasseL William Wodhnll, of Dons Tew, co.Oxon. 
John sp Jaen EtweU. 

Polk, died 1508. =p Ann Newnenham. 



Mary Raleigh == Nicholas, died X53X-2. Lawrence, of Pringford, ^ 
I CO. Oxon. I 

Ann. dan. of Sir = Anthony (only childX Pnlk, 

John Smith. ( died 1541-s. of MoUington, 

I ca Ozon or Warwick. 

1st Richard Chetwode, died 1561. == Agnes Wodhnll =r and Sir George Calveriey. 

Jane, dan. of Sir = Richard Chetwode (only child), of Odell, ca Bedford, and of 
William Dmry. j Chetwode, co. Backs, and of Warkworth, which place he 
sold 1629. 



William. Richard, who married, and carried on Catherine. Elizabeth. Ann. 

tne family of Clietwode. 

*Inq. Post Mort., 3 Hen. VI (1424-5), • From Baker's Northamptonshire, 

vol. 4, p. 86. vol. I, pp. 713, 739, under Warkworth 

' Ibid., 13 Hen. VI (1434-5), p. 160. and Thenibrd. 



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EARLY HISTORY. 3^9 



Asms. 
Wark»orth,—Sx^!exity a fease anire, between three crescents, gules. 
Lyons. — ^Argent, a Hon rampant, galea. 

CitfAvMir.— Qoarterly, argent and gules, four crosses fonn6, coanterchanged. 
WodhuU,—OT^ three crescents, gules. 



There does not appear to be any memorial existing of any of these 
persons in Begbroke. In Warkworth church some of the Chetwodes 
are buried, and the arms of Lyons remain. 



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CHAPTER 11. 

Patrons of the Living of Begbroke. 

The family of Lyons presented to the Rectory during a period ot 
117 years, with the exception of the year 1294, in which year Roger 
de Lenns, layman, is said to be the Patron. This change may 
probably be connected with the name of Matilda de Lens*, who held 
land here at that time. 

A glance at the Pedigree will show how the heiress of Lyonns of 
Warkworth married Sir Nicholas Chetwode, consequently her son 
John Chetwode became Patron of the Rectory. His son Sir Thomas 
succeeded, who dying without issue, he devised his property to the 
heirs of his two sisters, which provision is seen in 1432 by the 
nomination of the Rector by the four Trustees. Elizabeth Chetwode, 
Lady Wodhull, the sole survivor of the family, carried the advowson 
to the Wodhulls; she presented in 1457; her grandson Fulk in 1499. 
About the year 1530 a change was made in the property, to what 
extent we cannot tell ; we learn incidentally that the Manor was hence- 
forth considered as part of the Manor of Dunstew, where one branch 
of the Wodhulls was settled ; and five years later the next presentation 
was made by the Feoflfees of Nicholas Wodhull, and later by GriflSn an 
Attorney. Sir Thomas Spencer appears as Patron in 1614, and the 
second Sir Thomas in 1680. With the Yarnton property the Beg- 
broke estate and Living were sold by the coheiresses of Sir Thomas 
Spencer, the portion of Jane Lady Teviot being dealt with separately. 
Three turns to the Living were purchased with the land by Sir Robert 
Dashwood, and the fourth turn remained in the name of Mrs. Jane Mar- 
wood of Yarnton, niece to Lady Teviot. From her apparently it was 
purchased with the Yarnton fourth by Benjamin Swete, and by him 
given to the Principal of Brasenose College in Trust, for presentation 
to one of the Fellows*. The Dashwood family held 

' See p. 334. ' Statutes of Brasenose College. 



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A CHANCERY SUIT. 331 

* Three parts of the Parish, three parts of the Manor, and three 
presentations to the Livings of Yamton and Begbroke \' 

To return to the Wodhulls. Anthony Wodhull in 1541 left his 
only child Agnes heiress to all his estates, and for her first hUsband 
she took Richard Chetwode of Chetwode, co. Bucks. Thus Chetwode 
again became Lord of Begbroke. A Chancery suit entered upon 
after the death of Agnes and Richard Chetwode will give us some 
insight into the management of this property. 

' Henry Hill and Agnes his wife, Plaintiff. 

' Richard Chetwode, Esq., and John Manning, Defendants. 

'To quiet Plaintiff— A Messuage and land in Bekbroke held of the 
Manor of Dunstew, which were granted to Plaintiff Agnes by Richard 
Chetwode, Esq., and Agnes his wife deceased, the Defendant Chetwode 
being their son and heir V 

This case was brought before Sir Thomas Bramley, Knt., Lord 
Chancellor. Henry Hill is described as Husbandman', and Agnes 
his wife, as widow of one named Carter. In the first of Elizabeth, 
widow Carter took the farm by copyhold from Richard Chetwode and 
Agnes his wife as part and parcel of the Customary lands of the 
Manor of Dunstew, for the life of herself and her son Richard Carter 
and the longer liver of them. Shortly after which Agnes married 
Henry Hill, and they together complain that one John Manning, 
Yeoman of Begbroke, has by conferring with Richard Chetwode, son 
and heir of the above Richard and Agnes, got possession of their 
copyhold papers by which Henry and Agnes Hill are very likely to 
lose their estates. The answer of John Manning. is interesting as 
showing in a very long and tedious exposition that the Manor of 
Begbroke was not a portion of the Manor of Warkworth, and there- 
fore was not affected by the marriage settlements of Agnes Chetwode* 
with Sir George Calverley her second husband. He contended that 
Richard Carter had enjoyed the estate for 21 years upon lease, copy- 
hold, which lease was now expired. Henry and Agnes Hill reply, 
contending that their land was freehold according to the custom of 
the Manor of Dunstew. The verdict is not given. 

* Sir H. Dashwood's letter to the * For the Customs of Warkworth 
Writer. meadow, see Baker's Northants, and 

* ProceediDgs in Chancery, Elizabeth, a most interesting acconnt of the Chet- 
H. h. 3. Record Office. woods is to be found in the History 

* The term Husbandman was used and Topography of Bucks, by J. J. 
indifferently for all grades of farmers. Shcahan, 1859, P* ^^7* 



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33* HISTORY OF BEGBROKE. 

It would seem that in absence of the Squire John Manning had 
attempted to assume the position of Lord of the Manor. While 
these proceedings were pending, the Herald's Visitation in 1574 de- 
clare that John Manning of Begbroke has no right to bear arms and 
is no gendeman ^ 

Many years later (1634) another John Manning was Defendant in 
a Tithe suit with Mr. Coventrie the Rector*, and later still one of the 
same name was apparently intruded into the Rectory. He is buried 
in the Church as * Minister of God's word ' (i68o). 



Rectors of Begbroke. 

From the Institution Rolls of the Bishops of Lincohi. 

laig. The Magister de Lyon. 
1232. 23rd year of Bishop Welles. 

* Serlo, Chaplain pres. by Roger de Leonibus, preserving the rights, if 
any, of Thomas, Chaplain ; he is to pay the Rectors one aureus according 
to Charter of Bp. William.' 

1234. WtUiamy Parson of Begbroke '. 

M150. 15th year of Bishop Grostete. William de Barihon{}a\ 
Chaplain, presented by Roger de Lenns, layman. 

K197. 1 5th Feb. 1 8th year of Bishop Sutton. Henry de Cumhroc^ 
Chaplain, presented by John de Lyonns to Vicarage vacant by death of 
Richard de Lyonns. 

1303. istDec. 4th year of Bishop d'Alderby. Nicholas de Lyonns, 
acolite, presented by John de Lyonns, vacant by death of Henry 
Cimibroc. 

Thomas de Stoke (possibly until Nicholas came to canonical age). 

1330. 6th March. Bishop Burghwash. William de Malesoneres,pnesty 
presented by John de Lyonns, vacant by resignation of Nicholas de 
Lyonns, the last Rector, who has exchanged for Foxcote with him. 

1334. 29th May. Bishop Burghwash. William de Pershore, 
clerk, presented by John de Lyonns, vacant by resignation of Thomas 
de Stoke. 

1335. 2 1 St March. William de Per shore znd fames de Kyngesione, 
Rector of Meching in diocese of Chichester, have exchanged. (A 
long process before the Bishop.) 

* Turner's CoU. Oxfordshire, voL 18. • Mtm. of Mag. Coll., W. D. Macray, 

' Ibid., vol 15, 1654, 24 April p. 4a. 



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RECTORS OF BECBROKE. 333 

1336. 2nd May. Adam de Asshely Canonicorum^ priest, presented 
by Sir John de Lyonns ; vacant by James de Kyngestone having ob- 
tained the church of Rothwell. 

1349. 28th Sep. Bishop Gynwell. Robert Warde, of Northaston, 
presented by Sir John de Lyonns ; vacant by death of John. 

135a. 24th Sep. Ordinacio ecclesie de Bekkebrok. 

1366. Bishop Buckingham. Thomas Mundi, priest, presented by 
Sir John de Lyonns, the last Rector, Robert having obtained Miriot 
in diocese of Bath. 

138a. 1 6th Oct. Henry Donyngion, priest, presented by John de 
Lyonns of Warkworth; vacant by resignation of Thomas Mundi 
owing to exchange for Kyngsey. 

1385. 9th June. Henry de Donyngton, presented to Salclif (or 
SwalcHfe), and John Thornho to Backebrok by John de Chetewode, 
' nepos ' and heir of Sir John de Lyonns of Warkworth and Beckbrok, 
by exchange. 

I395* Srd March. Thomas Fdyn, priest, presented by Sir John 
Chetwode. 

1403. 29th Dec. Bishop Beaufort Thomas Newehawe, priest, 
presented by Sir John Chetwode on resignation of Thomas Payn. 

1405. 8th Jan. Bishop Repingdon. John Wo/fon, chaplain, pre- 
sented by Sir John Chetwode on resignation of John Celle. 

1409. 23rd July. Thomas Gedgh^ Rector of Bekkebroke, 2Xi<^John 
Herberd, Vicar of Shobury in diocese of London, have exchanged. 

1431. 19th Oct. Bishop Flemyng. John RossoH, Vicar of Ardele^ 
in diocese of London, and Magister William Burrett^ Rector of 
Bekkebrok, have exchanged. 

1424-5. 6th March. Magister William Symond, commissary- 
general of the Archbishop in the Archdeaconry of Oxford, is to enquire 
on the vacancy and patronage of Beckebroke and the merits of Henry 
Box, presented by Sir John Chetwode, and (if satisfactory) to institute 
him. 

1431. 15th Aug. Bishop Gray. Sir Thomas Chetwode presented 
Robert Longe^i on vacancy by death of Henry Box. Bishop orders 
enquiry as to patronage; jurors, William Colstone, Rector of St. 
Aldate's, Magister William Skelyngton, Vicar of St. Giles', &c. 

1432-3. 7th Jan. Richard Tre/osburgh, priest, presented by 
John Langstone*, John Davers, John Waner and John Clerk. 

^ Robert Longe appears to have gone ' This name may be a mistake for 

to Yamton. Langworth, or vice versa. In the Chet- 



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334 HISTORY OF BEGBROKE. 

1447. 22nd Sep. Bishop Alnwick. William Elmsall, priest, 
presented by Sir Thomas Chetwode on resignation of William Ligh. 

1457. 4th Sep. Geoffrey Denthor (or Tydder), priest, presented 
by Lady Elizabeth Woodhull, Lady of Warkworth ; on resignation of 
William Elmsall. 

1499. 20th April. Bishop Smyth. Richard Sutton, priest, presented 
by Fulk Woodhull, armiger, on death of Magister Geoflfrey Tydder. 

1521. 27 th Sept. Bishop Longland. John Russell, Chaplain, pre- 
sented by Nicholas Woodhull on resignation of Richard Sutton. 

* John Russell priest, sup. for B.A. i6*i» March 152}; adm. Oct. 8 ; det, 
1522. Sup. for M.A. 3i»* May 1525; lie. 13*^ July; inc. 17*^* July; 
disp. Feby. 152^ '.* 

1535. James Fydeler, priest, presented on the death of John Russell, 
by Feoflfees of Nicholas Woodhull, viz. William Aparre, John Dive, 
Thomas Tresham, knights, George Rawley and Paul Darrell, esquires, 
and Laurence Woodhull, gentleman. 

1547. ' Incumbant none.' See ' Obit.' 

1557' 19th Aug. Thomas Stone^ presented by Edward GriflSn, 
Attorney. 

Laurence Woodhull, 

1614. 1 2th Aug. Vincent Coventrie, MA,^ presented by Sir 
Thomas Spencer, Knt. and Bart, on the death of Laurence Wood- 
hull. 

'Vincent Coventry ; Oxon arm. fil. 16, 20 Oct. 1598. Trinity V 

'Trinity, Vincent Coventrie, adm. B.A 30 June 1603, det 160 J; lie. 
M.A. 12 May 1608; inc. 1608'. 

* College lecturers excused from Congregation because they had to 
lecture at 10 a. m. 15*^ Feby i6of, Vincent Coventrie Publicus praelector 
in Trinity V 

* Vincent Coventrie, Rector of Begbrooke, had two daughters. Joane 
who married John Snell of UfFerton, alias Oulseton co. Warwick, who 
had one daughter Dorethie who married 2"^ Mr. Benjamin Cooper, 
Registrar of the University; he lived in Holywell near Oxford, and his 
mother-in-law, Mrs. Coventrie died in his house and was buried in 
Holywell Church V 

Also he had a son, * Vincent Coventrie, son of Vicar of Begbrook, St, 
Alban's Hall, Matric. 11 Dec. 1635, aged 17*.' 

wode Pedigree a sister of Sir Thomas left a will, which see. 

Chetwode married one of this name. ' Reg. Univ., vol. 2, pt. 2, p. 230. 

Sir Thomas left his property to his ' n. s. pt. 3, p. 242. 

sisters. These four probably trustees * u. s. pt i, p. 93. 

for the same. » Wood MSS. F. 4. 

* Reg. of Univ., vol. i, p. 118. He • Alumni Ox., Foster. 



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RECTORS OF BEGBROKE. 335 

John Mannings minister, no Patron mentioned. He is buried in 
the church. 

1680. 1 8th Dec. Thomas Willy ams, M.A., presented by Sir 
Thomas Spencer, on the death of John Manning. 

1686. 26th Aug. Thomas Dunsfer, MA,, presented by the Earl 
of Teviot and the coheiresses of Spencer, on the death of Thomas 
Willyams. 

* Thomas Dunster, M.A., lately (1688) Proctor of the University, was 
elected and admitted Warden of Wadham, 21 Oct. 1689, D.D. May 31, 
1690. Died in London, May 17, 17 19. At the time of his death he was 
Rector of Marsh Gibbon, Bucks, and Chaplain in Ordinary to the King '.' 

*Son of William Dunster of Elmstone, Som., p. p. Mat. 167 J, aged 16. 
Servitor, 1673; Scholar, 1675; B.A. 1676; M.A. 1679; Fellow, 1681 ; 
Rector of Holton, Oxfordshire, 1703 '.' 

1698. 9th Nov. Richard Tabor, presented by Robert Dashwood 
of Northbrook, Bart., on cession of Thomas Dunster, S.T.P. A suit 
for tithes begun by him. Buried in the church. 

1704. Thomas Stanley, M,A,, presented by Jane Marwood' of 
Yamton, spinster, on the death of Richard Tabor. He was a native of 
Cheshire, presented to the living of Middleton Cheney in 17 10 by the 
Principal and Fellows of Brasenose *. 

1739-40. 6th March. Richard Hawkins, MA,, Chaplam of St. 
Mary Magdalen College, presented by Dorothy Dashwood, widow, on 
the death of Thomas Stanley. He is the same person as the Vicar of 
Yamton. He is buried in the chiurch. 

1765. 26th Jan. Thomas Cooke, B.D,, presented by Sir James 
Dashwood on the death of Richard Hawkins. He is buried in the 
church. 

1776. 8th Aug. John Cooke, B,D,, presented by Sir James Dash- 
wood on the death of his brother Thomas Cooke. He was also 
Rector of Wood Eaton and President of Corpus Christi College, Ox- 
ford. He died 3rd February, 1823, in his 89th year. Buried in 
church. In Gent's Magazine, 1823, 'He was emphatically styled the 
Father of the University.' His son-in-law, Dr. Vaughan Thomas, 
was his curate at Begbroke and did duty there every alternate Sunday, 
appointed in 181 4. 

' Gatch*8 Coll. and Halls, p. 597, seems to fiaye inherited her annt Lady 

and App. p. 317. Teriofs share in Yamton and Begbroke 

• Alumni Ox., Foster. and to have sold it to Ben. Swete. 
' This lady was daughter of George * Baker's Northants, p. 654. 

Marwood and Constance Spencer. She 



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236 HISTORY OF BEG BROKE. 

1823. 2nd May. Ellis Ashim, B,D,, Fellow of Brasenose Col- 
lege, presented by the Principal of Brasenose on the death of Dr. Cooke. 
He was also Vicar of Hay ton, co. Lancaster, 12 th Aug., 181 3. 

1869. 1 8th Aug. John George Bellingham, MA.^ presented by 
himself. 

1871. 6th Oct Frederick William Waidron^ presented by himself. 
He is buried in the churchyard, 

1873. 24th June. Henry Atlantic Sadleir^ M.A., formerly Preb. 
of Emley and Rector of Galhally. Presented by Miss Margaret 
Stephana Waldron, Bicester, Oxon, and Rev. John (Jeorge BeUing- 
ham, Docking, Norfolk. 

Collation— The Bishop of Oxford. 

1877. 26th June. George Richmond DawneSy MA,f ot ^rzsenost 
College, 1864. Formerly Chaplain to the Duke of Marlborough at 
Blenheim. 

' Third son of William Downes of Handsworth near Birmingham, arm. 
B.N.C. Mat XI Oct 1856, aged 18; B.A. 1859; Rector of Begbroke, 
1877 V 



Some Wills of Persons living in Begbroke. 
(From Turner's CoUection, vol. 6 ; Top. Oxon, c. 47.) 

1544. July I a. Robert Stoney of Begbroke bequeaths to the Church 
of Begbroke ij stryche of wheat and ij stryche of Barley. 

Witness, James Fydler, Parson of Begbroke* 

1544. Sept. 13. Thomas Alen of Begbroke bequeaths to the Church 
of Begbroke xx*^ also to the High Altar xvj*. 
Witness, James Fydler, &c. 

1535. Sir John Russell, Rector of Begbroke, bequeaths to the convent of 
Rewley, for iij trentals of masses xxx'. Item to the church way of the 
Towne, xx". Item to the church of Begbroke, x". Item a masse book 
and a bybell to Wroxton Abbey. 

My Lord of Rewley to be executor. 



^ Alumni Ox., Foster. 



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THE RECTORY, GLEBE, AND TITHES. 337 

An Obit. 

1547. * A lampe lyght 

* Certayn lande gyven towarde the feedinge of a lamplight within th 
parish church by whom unknowne. 

' Incombent none. 

* Annual value of the lande to the same belonginge is yearly iiij<*. 

* Ornaments, plate, jewellry, and stocke to the same obitt, none. 
' Houselynge people, Ixj *.' 

The Rectory House, and Glebe Land, and Tithes. 

1634. A Terrier of this year describes the Glebe land as follov* 

' Imprimis, a little dwelling-house, a bam of 5 bays and a stat 
3 bays, and an orchard land divided into 4 small closes. One close < 
the Parsonage close, a second called Heath close, third Clay-peicc 
fourth Marsh close and one yard' of Hay-ground or yardland-mead 
in Yamton meads, vidilicet in 3 meads — i yard in Oxhurst, i ya 
West Mead and i yard in Picksey. As for Church land we have i 
Signed Vincent Couventrye, Rector. Thomas Evory and John And 
Churchwardens '.* 

1685. * A Terrier of the lands belonging to ye Rectory of Bagbi 
alias Begbrooke. Imprimis, the dwelling-house is fower Bay of Buil 
A Back kitchen of two bay of building. , A Bame of fower Ba 
Building. A stable of one Bay of Building* A garden of halfe an ac 
ground. A close called the Parsonage close conteyning the quantl 
three acres of ground, bounded on the north side with Mr. Eyans H 
on south side with a close commonly known by the name of the Hi 
mans' close. The Cleypeece conteyning about ye quantyty of T\ 
acres of ground bounded on the north side with a ground called Doul 
on the south side with Mr. Fitzherbert's Cley ground on the west 
with a wood called Bagbrooke wood. The Marsh close conteyning a 
the quantyty of Five acres of ground bounded on the west side with 
Mayes marshgrounds having on the north side Sands Lane, and oc 
south side Yarrington lane and butts eastward upon Kidlington Green 

The Heath ground conteyning the quantyty of above Five acre 
ground and bounded westward with Worton Heath, on the north 
east sides with the hutts of the cowherds of Sir Thomas Spenser 01 
south side with a close known by the name of Ram close. 

^ Augmentation Office, Certificate 38, in the meadows, see history of Yar 

No. 54, Record Office. p. 309. The parish of Begbroke 

' The yard-land in Begbroke was 33 computed at 18 yard-lands, 
statute acres, but to understand a yard ' Tumer^s ColL Oxon, Terriers, v 



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338 HISTORY OF BEGBROKE. 

There belongs to the Rectory of Bagbroke in the lott Meadows of 
Yarrington, a yard through all the three meads, viz. in Oxis Meade a 
yard, in West Meade a yard, and in Pixi Meade a yard. 

Thomas Williams, Rector, 

John Dew, Churchwarden'.' 

The Rectory-house was rebuilt by Mr. Hawkins about the year 
1 740, and has since been altered. The Rector's account book con- 
tains the following amusing entry concerning Tithes : — 

'April aist, 1701, Received of Good-wife Tarran id, in part for what 
a tithe pig may be judged worth next tuesday, the pig at present being 
1 1 days old and she answering she may have money to pay at the latter 
end of the week. Mem. I consented to the sale if she had a chapman for 
him strait Richard Tabor, Rector.' 

A dispute arose about Tithes between Mr. Tabor, Mrs. Fitzherbert 
and her son John. It was tried at Kidlington in October, 1703, 
and again four years later, his widow being then Plaintiflf, in London ^. 
The boundaries of the Tything of Begbroke appear to have been 
very uncertain. In a Terrier of the parish we read the 

' Furze Marsh is in the parish of Yamton and pays loj. to the Vicar of 
Yamton, but that is no proof it is not in the Tything of Begbroke, many 
of the grounds in Yamton paying tithe to Begbroke, viz. the Upper Clay, 
the Lower Clay, Long Mead, Ox Close, Oxford Close, and part of Ram 
Close. The Fitzherberts indeed pay yearly 15J. to the Vicar of Yamton, 
but I believe no one can be certain what it is paid for^.' 

The Tithes were commuted in 1845, the gross rent charge payable to 
the Titheowner in lieu of Tithes being computed at £155 per annum. 
The Tithe map was drawn up by Henry Dixon, and was sealed by 
the Commissioners on 8th April, 1840. In it 37a. ir. 24^. are put 
down to the Rector. This perhaps does not include the Meadow 
Lots, as we are told that the Glebe was two yard-lands. The land- 
tax was redeemed by Dr. Cooke, Rector. 

* Living here in the gift of Mr. R. Dashwood of Nethercote. Incum- 
bent Mr. Thos. Stanley, of Brasenose College ; a Rectory of about £fio. 
House her6 belonging to John Fitzherbert, Esqr. Church dedicated to 
St. Michael whose image in Basso relievo over North Door. Two bells. 
Wake here Sunday after Michaelmas Day*.' 

* Archidiaconal papers, vol. a. Ter- ' Gough, 91. 

riers. * Rawlinson's account. B. 400 E. 

* 41st Report of Deputy Keeper of p. 37. 
Records, pp. 352, 334-328. 



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THE CHURCH. 339 

Immediately at the back of the church is the field called the ' Image 
Ground/ This may have had some comiection with the statue of St. 
Michael or else with the maintenance of the * Obit* 

The Church. 

The church of Begbroke is a small Norman edifice containing 
chancel, nave and tower, but no aisles. The south door has a hand- 
some round arch with zigzag mouldings supported by piers decorated 
with spiral and chevron bands. The north door has been built up, 
but the sill was uncovered in 1888 while preparing a place for a heat- 
ing apparatus. Above this north door formerly stood the image of St. 
Michael, the Patron of the church. The tower which once contained 
two bells has no arch but a plain round headed door, and the roof is 
saddle-backed. The chancel arch corresponds with the south door, 
the mouldings zigzag and embatded. From the sinking of the founda- 
tions this arch was out of shape, and was carefully taken down by Mr. 
Ellis Ashton, the Rector, in 1845, and each stone, save one, faithfiilly 
replaced ; at the same time he discovered the small upper window in 
the east wall and filled it with stained glass. 

The east window is modem, and all the windows in the body of the 
church were put in by Mr. Thomas Robinson in 1828. They are 
two on each side, square-headed in the Perpendicular style. The 
stained glass was also his gift. In the chancel are two windows, one 
has ancient mouldings and glass with armorial bearings, ipodem, the 
second a small pointed window, the most beautiful in the church. 

The font is plain comparatively modem, of an octagonal shape. At 
the same time when Mr. Robinson made his alterations he erected a 
gallery and repewed the church. His family vaults are beneath the 
nave, and a brass tablet under the south window has this inscription : — 

' This window is erected as a tribute of filial affection to the memory of 
Thomas Robinson, formerly resident in and Benefactor to the Parish, who 
died May i, 1848, and of Margaret, his wife, who died Dec. 11, 1835.' 

In the north wall of the chancel a recess in the position of the 
aumbry remains, closed by a beautifully carved oak door evidently the 
original work, as the old lock remains and has all the appearance of 
being in the position it was made for. However, from the interior 
fitting some discussion has arisen as to the use this small recess was 
put to. The roof appears to have been originally hollowed out and a 
flue exists from the floor into the outer air, which would favour the 
idea that this has been a lamp niche, an idea further strengthened by 

Z a 



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340 HISTORY OF BEGBROKE. 

the perforations in the carved work of the door. At present the 
bottom is fitted with a revolving iron plate giving the appearance of a 
ventilator. 

The recess measures inside i8 inches deep with the back semi- 
circular top hollow filled up with wood ; bottom flat ; flue going out 
level with the floor. Probably this was altered at the time of the 
church restorations. 

Such niches are known to have been in use for the preservation of 
a light. 

The dimensions of the church are: — Chancel, 21 ft. 4 in. by 14 ft. 
9 in.; Nave, 33 ft. by 17 ft. 9 in.; Tower, 10 ft. 10 in. by 11 ft. 10 in.* 



1653. A Valuation of the Bailiwick of Hundred of Wootton of this 
year is extant. A return of the rents and profits was made in con- 
nection with the sale of the Royal Manor of Woodstock. Certain 
dues payable out of seventeen Tythings amount to £10. * Buggbroke ' 
is one of the number '. 



Tombstones and Inscriptions in the Church. 

Upon the north wall of the Chancel is a black marble tablet in- 
scribed as follows : — 

* Sacred to the Memory. 

'Here underlyeth the body of Robert Fitzherbert, Esq., the eldest 
Sonne of Humphrey Fitzherbert, Esq., of this parish. He dyed without 
issue, but having had 7 brothers, viz. John, Humphrey, Thomas, Henry, 
William, Walter, and Edmund, and three sisters, Dionysia, Sibell, and 
Ursula. He made his nephew John, second son to his 3rd brother Hum- 
phrie, his sole Executor, who piously erected this to his memory. After 63 
years past in the true profession of the Faith of Christ he here resteth, 
expecting a glorious resurrection: Obiit die Octob : vicesimo, 1636.* 



Upon the floor beneath the above is a white stone slab bearing a 
shield (with the three lioncells) and three inscriptions, viz. : — 

' Here lyeth the body of Thomas Fitzherbert, Esq., who died Oct ye 
14th, anno Dom. 1700, aged 48. 

* Here lyeth the body of John Fitzherbert, 2nd son of Thomas Fitz- 
herbert, who died May 31, 1737, aged 50 years. 



* Parker's Deanery of Woodstock. 

^ Printed in Marshall's Woodstock, p. 315. 



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PEDL 

[SS^ F 21 ; 
the CoIIeg 



ionceUsran 
iiamphrey, < 
vaireargen' 
8th. Sa 
34* (Woo< 



== Eliza la 
of Brist 



I, died 3rd Jc 
je in St. Ptete 
ried in Begb 



College, 
Ldru)er 
10 Nov. 
tried in 
father. 
he next 



1675. 



T 



Ihis mark * sh 
I are from insc 

Only three a 
1636. 

He was stabh 



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TOMBSTONES AND INSCRIPTIONS. 34I 

*Here lyeth the body of Robert Fitzherbert, 2nd son of John Fitz- 
herbert, who died Aug. 3rd, 1735, aged 23 years.' 

Upon the north wall of the Nave of the Chu 
tablet without armorial bearings : — 

' To the Memory of Jane, wife of William Cockii 
Fitzherbert, who died Aug. 7th, 1752, aged 30 yej 
herbert, son of William and Jane Cockin, who die 
10 weeks ; also William Cockin, Esq., who died Ju 
also Elizabeth Taylor, widow, daughter of above, 
1804, aged 53 years.' 

These are all the monuments to the Fitzherbe 



The following are from Parochial Collection! 
Phillips, Evesham, 1825: — 

* Francis Fitzherbert, 4th son of Thomas Fitz 
Oct. 1738, aged . . .' 

'Edmund Fitzherbert, Esq. Died 18 Dec. 1737 
' Elizabeth, relict of Thomas Fitzherbert. Died 
'John Fitzherbert, Esq. Died 31 Dec, 1733, a| 
'Dorothy, daughter of John Fitzherbert, Esq., 
Who died in her infancy, 8 April, 1732.' 

* Robert, son of Robert Fitzherbert, Esq., and 
4 May, 1754, aged 18 years.' 

* Kesiah Hirons, Relict of Robert Fitzherbert, 
1788.' 

None of these are now in the church. 



In the Chancel are the following to several R 
On a white stone under the altar : — 

' Thomas Williams, hujus ecclesiae Rector, obiit 
aet. suae 77'.' 

On a small black oblong stone : — 

'Vmcent Coventrie, hujus ecclesiae Rector, di 
suae 77.' 

Below the above upon a white stone : — 

* Richard Tabor, hujus ecclesiae Rector, die Mar 

* Rawlinbon, 400 C. p. 215, 



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34^ HISTORY OF BEGBROKE. 

At the entrance and nearly worn out : — 

* John Manning, Minister of God's Word, 14 Nov., 1680, aged 59.* 

This following is from Rawlinson, u. s., and not there now : — 

'Susanna, the Relict of John Mannings Rector of the Parish, died 
May 34, A.D. 1688, aged 70 years.' 

The following also in the Chancel : — 

*The Rev. Richard Hawkins, Rector, died Nov. 21, 1764, aged 63.* 

* Elizabeth, wife of above, Dec. 14th, 1764, aged 50.' 
' Richard, son of above, April i3th, 1776, aged 22 '.' 

' James, son of above .... 1 751, aged 3 years.* 
'Charles, son of above. May 23nd, 1745, aged 6 days.* 

* Thomas Cook, Rector, died 17th Feb., 1776. Aged 55.* 

Dr. John Cook, brother to above, is said to have been buried in the 
chancel probably ih the same grave; there is no inscription to his 
memory. 

At the church door lies an ancient stone coffin with the original 
cover. It is said by tradition to have contained the body of the 
Founder of the church. When opened by the present Rector frag- 
ments of human bones were still found in it. 

^ 'Richard Hawkins, son of Rd. H. June, 1673, aged 18.' Foster's Alumni, 
Rector, matriculated Mcrton ColL 37 Ox. 



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CHAPTER III. 

Extracts from the Register of Begbroke. 

Eyons Family. 

167 a John Eyons, son to Mr. Anthony Eyons, bom Easter Day, 7th 

April. 
1673 Mrs. Jane Eyons was baptised, 23rd Oct. 
1676 Mrs. Theodosia Eyons baptised i8th July. 
1680 Elizabeth Eyons, dau. of Mr. Anthony Eyons, and Dorothy his 

wife, bap. 6 Sept. 

1703 Mrs. Dorothy, the wife of Mr. Anthony Eyons, buried 13 Feb. 

1706 Thomas Eyons, the son of Mr. Anthony Eyons, Gent., buried in the 

Chancel. 

1707 Anthony Eyons, Gent, buried a 6 Nov. in the Chancel. 

1704 Richard Tabor, Rector, buried 27 March. 

1744 Benjamen Swete, Esq., buried 35th April \ 

Hawkins Family. 

1745 Charles, son of the Rev. Mr. R. Hawkins and Elizabeth, his wife, 

bom 14 May ; buried on 22nd May. 
1747 James, son do. bom ; buried 1751. 
1754 Richard, son do. bom ; buried 1776. 

1764 The Rev. Mr. Hawkins, Rector of Bejbroke, was buried 35 Nov. 
„ Mrs. Hawkins, widow of above, buried 14th Dec* 

1776 The Rev. Mr. Cooke, Rector, was buried ai Feby. 

* Benjamen Swete is buried in the Between 2 chevronels, three mallets, 
church-yard under a sarcophagus-shaped Crest, a mullet 
tomb bearing hb name and arms : viz. 



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344 HISTORY OF BEGBROKE. 

1782 Susan Martha, dau. of Rev. Thomas Treacher, and Mary his wife, 

bap. 7 Feb. 

1783 George, son of above, bap. Feb. 

1784 Lucy. dau. of above, bap. 

1785 Anne, dau. of above, bap. 



Marriages : — 

1665 Thomas Irons and Ann Alderton. 

1675 John Tustin of Kidlington, to Mary Ivory, of the s* town, 21 June, 

per license. 
1664 Thomas Breadwater and Elizabeth Glover. 

„ John Hanwell and Elizabeth Cozier, of Woodstock. 
1672 Simon Hayes of Thrupp, and Mary Howse, of the same. 
1677 William Stocker and Joane Pearte, of Kidlington, in Begbroke 

church. 
1680 Christopher Swann and Joanna Hitchman, of Gosworth. 

„ Will. Hyde, of St. John, Oxon, and Ann Gourdan, of Kidlington. 

1699 19 April. Mr. Thomas Andrews of Cardiff, co. Glamorgan, and 

Mrs. Elizabeth Pudsey, of Kidlington, per license. 

1700 John Bond, of Marcham, and Mary George, of Kidlington. 
„ Thomas Constable and Mary Dew, of Yamton. 

1 701 Richard Webb and Elizabeth Stympson, of Kidlington. 

„ Michael More, of Oxford, and Margaret Cuell, of Kidlington. 
1707 Barton and Mary Fennemore, by license. 
171 1 Mr. Charles Tabor and Mrs. Ann Bacon. License. 
1753 Jobii Roberts and Alice Morris, both of Yamton. 

„ Richard Gammon, of Drayton, Oxon, and Elizabeth Cantwell, of 
Kidlington. 



FiTZHERBBRT FaMILY. 

1674 Mr. Thomas Fitzherbert to Elizabeth Ivory. License. 2nd July. 

1675 Mr. Robert Fitzherbert, son of Mr. Thomas F. and Elizabeth his 

wife, bom 6th Aug. 
1677 Mr. John Fitzherbert, son of above, bora 29 May. 

17 1 1 John, the son of John Fitzherbert, Gent, bom 24 May. 

1 71 2 Robert Fitzherbert, b*ap. 11 Sept. 

17 1 4 Thomas Fitzherbert, bap. 6 May, buried 23rd May, 1720. 

1 7 16 Francis, son of John Fitzherbert, Esq., 2nd May bap. 

17 1 8 Edmund, son of John Fitzherbert, 12 June bap. 

17 19 Elizabeth \ dau. of John Fitzherbert, 26 Nov. bap. 

' ' 1743. May 10. By License. woman, Green, grand-daughter to the 
Anthony Day to Eliza Herbert' Kid- above Day, that he married a Fitz- 
lington Reg. I was told by an old herbert, who died with her first child. 



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EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER. 345 

1733 Jane, the dau. of above, Esq., bap. 9th April, buried Aug. 7th, 175a. 
1735 Robert, son of the late Robert Fitzherbert, and Kesiah his wife, 
bap. 21 Dec 



1700 Mr. Thomas Fitzherbert was buried in woollen 17th Oct., 1700. 

1715 Mrs. Mary Fitzherbert buried 15 Nov. 

1720 Thomas, son of John Fitzherbert, Esq., 23rd May buried. 

1 73 1 Francis, the son of John and Francis Fitzherbert, buried 3rd Oct. 

1733 Dorethy, wife of John Fitzherbert, Esq., buried Oct 

1733-4 Jo^n Fitzherbert, Esq., 3rd Jan. buried. 

1735 Robert Fitzherbert, Esq., buried 6th Aug. 

„ Elizabeth, the Relict of Thomas Fitzherbert, Esq., buried 27 Aug. 

1737 Edmund, son of John Fitzherbert, Esq., buried 15 Dec. 

1754 Robert Fitzherbert buried 6th May. 

175a Jane, wife of William Cockin, of Bladon, buried Aug. (Fitzherbert). 

„ William Fitzherbert Cockin, son of William Cockin and above, 
buried Oct. 

1 78 1 William Cockin, buried ist July. 



In the Churchyard : — 

* Ronald Augustus Royd Smith, bom at Southrop, Sep. aoth, 1853. 
Died at Begbroke, March 29, 1883.' 

Mrs. Smith, the mother of above, with her family came to settle at 
the Manor House in November, 1881. She died there in 1888. 

' To the Memory of John Bristow, son of Abraham and Rachel Bristow 
(bom in this village), who, after performing 12 voyages to the East Indies, 
and residing 1 2 years at Diamond Harbour, Bengal, died at Woodstock, 
14th May, 1838, aged 70 years, and was buried here by his own desire.' 

' Reader make the best use of thy life for thou must also die.' 

* John Bristow, Esq., by his will directed the Dividend oi £\yi stocks in 
the 3 per cent, consolidated Banks annuities, to be paid to the Clerk of this 
parish for the Time being for the Reparation and keeping in good order 
this moniunent' 

There was an Abraham Bristow, the owner of a cottage and Malt 
House in Kidlington, in the year the Enclosure Award was made. 

He then remarried. One of the Fitz- chest of linen with Day and it was 
herberts going away (the old woman never claimed, 
said he was a 'warrior') left a large 



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346 HISTORY OF BEGBROKE. 

'Abraham Bristow, Surgeon and Apothecary, died at Cassington, aist 
Feby., 1789/ He was coroner for the county *. 



Briefs and Collections. 



Collected towards St. Alban's : — Mr. Anthony Eyans, 2J. 6d, ; Mr. 
Thos. Fitzherbert, is, ; Mr. Thos. Williams, is. ; Cruckmeal, nothing 
collected ; Ely Cathedral, is, 4d, ; Thames River, is, ^d, ; Robert Bales, 
nothing; Horsmonden, is,id,; Bramley Church, is, id,; Beckles, is.*jd. 



Account of the Population. 
(From the Register book.) 

1801. * March 10. On an actual enumeration of the inhabitants made 
this day, by order of the Government, they were found to be 80 in 
number, of whom 40 were males and 40 females. There were also 15 
houses.' 

i8n. * May 27. An accoxmt of the Population of Begbroke was taken 
according to Act of Parliament. It was found that the number was 11 8, 
that is 39 males and 79 females, and that the difference between this 
number and the number in 1801 is to be ascribed to the establishment of 
a boarding school for young ladies at Begbroke House.' 

182L ' May 30. Inhabited houses, 20 ; Number of families, 20 ; Build- 
ing and uninhabited, o ; Families in agriculture, 16 ; Families in trade, &c.y 
2 ; Families not included in above, 2 ; Males, 52 ; Females, 50. Since 
1 8x1 the boarding school has been removed. The agricultural poor amount 
to 30 males and 31 females, employed upon 5 farms.' 

1831. Males, 53 ; Females, 49; Families, 23; Persons, 102. 

1841. Houses, 23 ; Males, 67 ; Females, 43. 

Begbroke House at this time empty. 

1851. March 31. Males, 51 ; Females, 48. 

Begbroke House and Rectory occupied. 



Parish Register Abstract, 1831, p. 257, 
Government Returns, 
Begbroke — Register. No. I. Baptisms, Burials and Marriages, 
1664 to 1743 (very defective). No. H. from 1744 to 1812. (A small 
book in parchment transcribed by Dr. Thomas.) 

* Gough, Add. Oxen, 4°, 49. 



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BENEFACTIONS, b*c. 347 

Kidlington — Registers Nos. I, II, III. Baptisms — 1579 to 1604. 
1609 to 1668. 1675 to 1812. Burials — 1574 to 1604. 160710 
1644. 1648 to 1713. 1721 to 1812. Marriages — 1574 to 1651 
1653 to 1713. 1721 to 1752. No. IV. Marriages — 1754 to 1812. 
(Well bound and mostly well kept. The first part transcribed.) 

Yamton — Registers No. I, II, III. Baptisms and Burials — 1569 
to 1767. Marriages — 1569 to 1753, interrupted by No. IV. Baptisms 
and Burials — 1765 to 1812, No. V. Marriages — 1754 to 1812. (The 
first three parchment well preserved and well kept.) 



Benefactions, &c. 

1. The tables containing the Ten Commandments we 
by Margaret, wife of Francis Rivington, Esq., loth July, 1 

2. The Communion cloth by Thos. Robinson, Esq. 
1816. 

3. The pulpit Cushion by Miss Matilda Smith and hei 
Smith, Esq., and the young ladies of Begbroke Houj 
School, who also embroidered the cross and glory upon th( 
altar cloth. 

4. The pulpit cloth was also given by the same. 



1899-30. ' The Parish allowed the use of an instrument to J 
Mason, on condition of his using it every Sunday in the C 
Curate likewise agreed to pay him loj. every January for his \ 

1839. * Easter. An organ with a barrels was presented t< 
by Thomas Robinson, Esq.* 

1843. 'Christmas. Two altar service books were presen 
Mr. Richards, of Begbroke House.* 

1844. 'Easter. A carved oak chair, and cushion for th 
sented by the Rev. J. W. Richards, curate.* 

He lived at the Manor House and died there. 

1845. * Two carved oak chairs presented by Thomas Robii 
Yarnton.* 

These two arm chairs carved all over; one reprc 
Baptism of Our Lord and the Epiphany, the other the 
Abraham and the Resurrection. 

1744. 24th March. Mr. Swete's legacy, £ i ix. od, to 
famihes. 

Dr. Cook's legacy given away in a variety of articles c 
female apparel; £20 by Dr. V. Thomas, ofiiciating minis 



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348 HISTORY OF BEGBROKE. 

Disbanding the Army. 
The following receipts are preserved in the Register : — 

1679. * 17th November. Received of Stephen Young, Collector, the 
sum of ;^a 1 1 J. 7^^. for the fifth quarterly payment of the Month's Assess- 
ment upon Begbroke, by virtue of an Act of Parliament, entitled an Act 
for granting a supply to his Majesty of ;f6i9,388 lu. ^d. for disbanding 
the Army and other uses mentioned therein.' 

1679. 27 th Aug. The same. 

1680. 1 8th May. The same. 
1680. 17th Aug. The same. 



PEDIGREE OF EYANS, OF BEGBROKE MANOR. 

* The family of Eyans settled at Enstone about the year 1661. They possessed the property 
connected with the chantry there ; their bouse is pulled down >.* 

Richard Eyans, == Margaret, dan. and only child of 
died 1677. losiah Aisgill, D.D., and Hester, 

I his wife, died 1675, aged 41. 

Riciiard, = Elizabeth, 
died 1709. I died 1707. 

Richard = Jane. Anthony, sixth child. Eight more children. 

Anthony Eyans, of Charlbury, gent., = Dorethy Leare, dau. of John Leare, 
aged 33 at time of marriage, [ clerk, late of Walton, Surrey, 

died 1707, buried in the chancel^.* married in London 1663, died 1703'. 

Thomas <, John\ bom* Jane, bom* =;= Rev. Alex. Croke, of Theodosia,* Elizabeth,* 

of Wadham 1672. of 1673. j Wadham College, bom 1676. bom 1680. 

College, Wadham Rector of Hartwcll, 

buried in College. I died 1736 (Burke). 

church,* I 

1706. Alexander. 



Stone in Enstone church : — 

* Margaret, the wife of Richard Eyans, dau. and only child of Josuah 
Aisgill, Dr. of Div., and Hester his wife, aged 41, departed this life July i, 
an. 1675.' 

Arms, Eyans, impaling — ^A fesse between three asses' heads couped •. 

* Jordan's History of Enstone, p. 373. Bagbroke, Oxon, gent, act 15, admitted 

* Those marked ♦ from Begbroke Scholar, 1690, aged 17. Goodridge 
Register. Exhibitioner, 1693-4-5. B.A., 169a. 

* London Marriage Licenses. — Ches- M.A,, 1695. Fellow, 1698. Bursar, 
ter. 1699-1702. Jonior Proctor, 1703. 

* 'Thomas Eyans, son of Anthony Died 23 June, 17 16. Probably buried in 
Eyans. Matriculated 1703, at 16. Chapel, where there is a stone marked 
Scholar 1703. Goodridge Exhibitioner "J. K 1719." * From R.B. Gardiner's 
1704-5' B. A. 1706. Reg. of Wadham College. 

* *John Eyans, Matriculated, 13 • Wood MS. C 10. 
March, i6|^, son of Anthony Eyans of 



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THE THREE ESTATES IN BEG BROKE, 349 

The Manor in Recent Times. 

After the attainder and death of Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk, and 
the sale of his lands, the first name we meet with in the Manor of 
Begbroke is that of Anthony Eyans, and for this we are indebted to 
Dr. Plot's history. Only one generation of this family appears in 
the Register, the last name occuring in 1707. Nothing further appears 
until the year 1744 when Benjamin Swete was buried, and from 
various circumstances we are led to infer that he was Lord of the 
Manor and also Patron of the fourth presentation to the Rectory, 
which he seems to have purchased from Mrs. Jane Marwood, a 
member of the Spencer family. 

About the year 18 10 the house was occupied by Miss Matilda 
Smith and her brother, who kept a boarding school for young ladies. 
This school did not continue very long as it had ceased before 182 1 
when the census was taken. 

Thomas Robinson, Esq., Banker of Oxford, was the next owner, 
and for some years he and his family resided here : after his death 
Mr. Robinson's heirs sold the property, and in 1845 the Duke of 
Marlborough is returned as landlord, with Morrison as his tenant. 
The house was subsequently rented by Lord Allan Churchill until 
about 1870, and after lying empty for five years it was bought (Nov. 
1 881) by Mr. Smith*, formerly of Southrop and Swerford, whose 
sisters still retain it. 



The second estate in the parish is known as Begbroke Hill. We 
have no certain evidence to tell us whether this represents the estate 
of the Giflfords, but it is probably the same. 

Since the early part of the seventeenth century it had belonged to 
the Fitzherbert family, who came from Hertfordshire and setded first 
at Kidlington *. Humphrey Fitzherbert in all probability built this 
house, he is styled of Begbroke upon his tomb at Kidlington. Robert, 
his eldest son, succeeded him, who, dying without issue, left the estate 
to the second son of his third brother. In a pedigree of the family 
given in Wood ' six daughters are mentioned ; upon the monuments in 
the two churches of Kidlington and Begbroke, only three. Of the 

' No relation to the Smiths above ' See Kidlington history, p. 90. 

nor to those of Kidlington. * F 21. 



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350 HISTORY OF BEGBROKE. 

eight brothers three died abroad serving in the army, and one was 
killed in a duel at Middleton Stony. A confused tradition of these 
'warriors' and of the duel still lingers in the village. The &niily 
appears to have been very short lived, the last Squire Robert dying in 
i754i ^%^ ^9' The estate then reverted to his niece Mrs. Taylor, 
only surviving child of Will, and Jane Cockin. Tradition says that 
Mr. Taylor proved himself a cruel and unworthy husband, who more 
than on one occasion attempted his wife's life, but she survived him. 
In her will Mrs. Taylor bequeathed her property to three neighbours 
who had befriended her during her husband's lifetime. 

To Young she left the house and land adjoining ; to Bayliss the house 
near the church with land (now belonging to Sir G. Dashwood), and 
to Morris S the house with land now called 'The Elms.' 

Young sold his share to Mr. Robinson, and it passed to the Marl- 
boroughs. The house is a fine Jacobean dwelling-house with project- 
ing porch and two stories above it. When the avenue in front and 
the trees around it were standing in their beauty it must have worn an 
appearance of homelike comfort of which it is now bereft, standing as 
it does upon the rising ground lonely and unsheltered. 



The third estate mentioned in the Hundred Rolls, the demesne of 
the Prioress of Stodley, we may look for in the ancient farmhouse 
known as Begbroke Hall. The lands of the Prioress were sold to 
Croke of Stodley, and this house was included. 

Some portion of Begbroke was evidently the property of the 
Spencers of Yarnton, and appears to have been bought by the Dash- 
wood family from them. 



The names of some of the fields remind us of the families formerly 
owning them. 'Every's Marsh,' no doubt Ivory, with whom the 
Fitzherberts intermarried ; *Dolton,"Dimcrofts', *Renches.' The* Hop 
ground,' and 'Dili ground' remind us of old forms of hus- 
bandry, and * Hart's Marsh ' and * Roewell ' Brook of the days of 
the forest. Two fields called the ' Hades ' are mentioned in Begbroke. 
This word is given in Halliwell's Dictionary as meaning a ridge of 
land. In another place it is said to mean a slope, the same word 
* Hade or Adit ' in a mine ; consequently these fields were probably 
those called Hilly grounds in the Tithe Map. 

* Notice of Morris, see Yamton, p. 311. 



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REFERRING TO THE THREE PARISHES. 



351 



The Marshes lying between Yarnton and Kidlington, part of the 
parish of Begbroke, were the property of Fitzherbert. Mrs. Hirons is 
named as being the owner of part. She seems to have been the 
widow of the last Fitzherbert The whole Marshes were in the hands 
of Dr. Smith of Kidlington. 

Dr. Bouchier, of Handborough, left his property to his daughter, 
wife of Dr. Joseph Smith *, LL.D., some of which lying in Begbroke, 
he had obtained from the Brents. The farm between the two 
parishes upon the Canal, known as ' Bouchier's,' is probably this land. 





Area of 


THE Three Parishes. 




(From the 


published Census Tables for 1881, vol. 


2, p. 137) 


Begbroke 


577 statute acres. 


17 houses. 


68 persons 


Kidlington 


2194 w. „ 


» 


282 „ 


1087 „ 


Thrup 


813 w. „ 


>» 


36 „ 


139 ,, 


Gosford 


260 w. „ 


i> 


11 » 


4^ 


Water Eaton 


1501W. „ 


n 


26 „ 


12 


Cutteslowe 


282 „ 


» 


3 » 


2 


Yarnton 


1493 w. » 


» 


67 „ 


27 



7120 
Land common to Yarnton and Begbroke: — Oxey mea 
acres; Pixey Mead, 51 w. acres (w. signifies that water < 
a portion of the area). 



Table of Rates in the Year ending Easter, 18 

(From Young's Annals of Agriculture in Oxon.) 

s. d. £ , 

3 in the pound. Total raised 57 i 

384 
55 1 
33 J 
85 
329 

* See Kidlington, p. 80. 



Begbroke 
Kidlington 
Thrup 
Gosford 


3 
5 
3 
2 


3 J 
3i 
4 



Water Eaton 


I 


10 


Yarnton 


5 






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352 HISTORY OF BEGBROKE. 



The Local Militia. 

The parish books contain many entries relating to men serving in 
the militia, or else for pay to the substitutes and the care of their 
families. By an Act of 30th George II, the National Militia, which 
had been in abeyance for many years, was again raised owing to the 
panic throughout the country, fearing a French invasion. 

'Oxfordshire was divided into districts, and in the 1st or Western 
Division Yamton and Begbroke were incorporated. The fiill force of 
the Regiment was 603 men, commanded by Lord Francis Almeric Spenser, 
Lieut-ColoneL The Hundreds of Bampton and part of Banbury supplied 
280 men, and the following parishes 91 amongst them — Wootten Hundred, 
Woodstock, Bladen, Cassington, Church and Long Handborough, Yamton, 
Begbroke, Worton, Ensham, Coggs, Wilcot, Stanton Harcourt, South 
Leigh, Shipton on Cherwell, Dunsthorp, and Showell^' 

Yamton and Shipton provided one man between them. 

There does not appear to be any account extant of the remaining 
portions of the regiment, including Kidlington ; the orderly books 
and other archives were destroyed within very recent times *. 

» Dr. Symonds' MSS. vol 4. * J. M. Davenport, Oxford Militia, 



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APPENDIX TO THE HISTORY 
OF KIDLINGTON. 



Page II. From Camden's Britannia (Gibson), vol. i, p. 298 : — 

'King Henry III granted Hooknorton and Cudlington to John de 
Plessets which were the inheritance of Henry d'Oiley, and fell into the 
King's hands upon the death of Margery, Countess of Warwick, wife of 
the aforesaid John, as an escheat of the Normans, to have and to hold till 
such time as the Lands of England and Normandy should be made 
common.* 



From Pipe Roll, 15 Henry H, vol. 13, p. 85. 

Aids from Oxfordshire to the King towards marrying his daughter. 

* The Men of Cudelinton and Weston owe 40J.' 



Page 13. From Hundred Rolls, vol. 2, p. 873 : — 

* Cudelington. Hug* de Pleci tenet manerium de Cudelington et vill. de 
domino Regis in capite de feodo Doyly per servicium militar' et ht visum 
franci pleg* de hominibus suis s"n Vic* et aliis Ball' domini Reg* et hat 
furcas super tenet suam quo warento nescimus et tenet in dominio ij camicat' 
terre faciend* domino Reg* tpe guerre servic* uni'milit' per xl dies ad custum 
suum proprium.* 

A a 



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354 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

Page 26. The following has kindly been sent to the writer by 
Henry Gough, Esq., of Red Hill, Surrey. It will be found to 
corroborate the statement in note, p. a6 : — 

' THE CHAUCER FAMILY. 

Robert Chancer =: Maiy, widow of . . . Heyroon ; 
I die m. (srdly) Richard Chancer. 

John Chancer, == Joan Westbale. 
of London, vintner. I 

Geoffrey Chancer, =: Philippa Roet, or Roeh, otherwise 
d. 140a I called Fycard. 

Thomas Chancer, =;= Mand Bnr^liersh, Lewis Chancer, 

d. 1434. d. 14361?) 

Alice, wife of Sir John Phelip, aft of Thomas de Montacnte, 
Barl of Salisbury ; lastly of William de la Pole, Duke of 
Suffolk. Tomb at Ewelme, 1475.' 

As to the poet's ancestry, Mr. Walter Rye's article in TTu Aihrnctum 
of 29 Jan., 1 88 1, is worth consideration. No doubt the name originally 
meant shoemaker. 

The arms on the seal of John Chaucer, said to be the poet's father, 
are ermine, on a chief— 3 bird's heads erased. Some take them to be 
the heads of herons, and suppose them to be derived from the family 
of Heyroun above-mentioned. See an article by Mrs. Haweis, headed 
*More News of Chaucer,' in Belgravia, July, 1882, and a paper on 
* John Chaucer's Seal,' in TJu Antiquarian Magazine^ edited by Edward 
Walford, vol. 3, p. 82, 1883. It seems doubtful whether this John 
Chaucer was of the poet's family at all 

Sir Payne Roelt, or Roet, a knight of Hainault, and Guienne Eling- 
of-arms, had, it is said, two daughters and co-heirs, Philippa and 
Katherine. No particulars of his pedigree have been discovered. His 
arms, in allusion to his name, were gules, 3 katherine wheels, or. 
Philippa, his eldest daughter, is stated to have been maid of honour to 
Queen Philippa. By the name of Philippa Pycard, she obtained a 
grant of loos. per annum, in Jan. 1370, and married Geoffrey 
Chaucer. A writer in Excerpta Historica (1831, p. 155) says that 
the circumstance of the lady * being styled Philippa Pycard, instead of 
Roelt, renders the assertion that she was the sister of the Duchess of 
Lancaster extremely doubtful.' The fact however that the arms of 
Roet were impaled upon the tomb of the Duchess of Lancaster 
(3rd wife and widow of John of Gaunt) in Lincoln cathedral, and 
that the same arms of Roet appear on the Chaucer tombs at Ewelme, 



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APPENDIX. 

may be regarded as sufficient evidence that the wife of 
Chaucer and the wife of John, Duke of Lancaster, were of 
family. As to the name Pycard, it is possible that Philip 
widow. 

The foregoing pedigree of Chaucer is probably as com 
accurate as our present information will enable us to 
Though the fact is still disputed, it is clear that Thomai 
of Ewelme was the elder son of Geoffrey. He appears to 
the arms of Roet^ not those commonly ascribed to Chaucer. 

The arms of Roet impaling Burghersh were formerly in 
of the chapel of Woodstock, as was also a shield of Chaucer 
Burghersh. Roet impaling Burghersh, and Roet quartering 1 
are found on the monument of Thomas Chaucer at Ewelme 
on that of the Duchess of Suffolk, but the usual arms of C 
not appear on either. The inference is that Thomas 
abandoned the arms of his own family for the nobler coai 
dignified by an alliance with royalty. And this appears t 
very plainly that he was indeed the son of Geoffrey the poet 

Roet and Burghersh impaled are clearly the arms ol 
Chaucer and his wife, and the two coats quartered are just 
the parental insignia of the Duchess of Suffolk. 

Thomas Chauser or Chaweser was named an executor ( 
of Philippa, Duchess of York, 1430 \" 



Page 36. Terms of the New Settlement of the Vi 
Kidlington. 

After the death of the Rector, Dr. Lightfoot, in Marcli 
was thought advisable to make some change in the ancien 
ment which united the Vicarage to the Rectorship. Upor 
sideration that some subsequent Rector of Exeter College i 
be in Orders it was agreed to separate the two offices. 

The accompanying memorandum is supplied to the wri 
kindness of the present Rector. 

'Exeter College, ad May, 189a. The Vicarage of Kidlii 
separated from the Rectorship of Exeter College, and the adv 
transferred to the College in December i88a. The Univer 
mission which was then sitting, and the College desired to r 

* ' Testamenta Vetnsta,* p. 219. 
A a 2 



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356 HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

Clerical restriction which had been attached to the Rectorship under the 
previous statutes, but were unable to do so while the Rector was ex officio 
Vicar of Kidlington. The College therefore with the concurrence of the 
University Commission and the consent of the Ecclesiastical Conunis- 
sioners, purchased the Advowson for the sum of ;fiao5o, and placed the 
purchase money in trust for the benefit of the Rectorship of Exeter 
College. The patronage of the Living then passed into the hands of the 
College.' 

Page 58. The shield in the east window, said to be unknown, is 
found to be that of Edmund de Stafford, Bishop of Exeter 1394-1419. 
With some other pieces of stained glass it is said to have been brought 
here from the old Hall of Exeter College, and has no connection with 
the history of this place. 



Page 79. From History of the Conant Family, by Fred Odell- 
Conant, of Portland, Maine, U. S., 1887. 

These remarks from the above book will supplement what is said in 
our text about Dr. Conant and his family. 

Extracts from the will of Dr. Conant, Rector of Exeter College. 

* To my son John Conant of Kidlington, Dr. of Laws, all my lands in 
Northamptonshire in trust for my wife.' 

From the will of Elizabeth (Reynolds) his mother: — 

* ;f 10 each to my son John and his wife for mourning. To the Poor of 
Kidlington, Oxon, ^5. Residue to my son John', LL.D., of Kidlington.' 

'Dr. Conant in early life settled in London and became an eminent 
advocate of Doctors' Commons, but was compelled by delicate health to 
seek retirement in the country. He then settled in Kidlington, where he 
died, leaving no children. He bequeathed to Dr. Lane of Banbury £a 
and a spring clock. His brother Edward married Mary Pocock in 1697, 
she died 1698 and was buried in the church of All Hallows, Bread Street , 
London.' 

The above extracts will modify what is said in our text at page 79 ; 
it appears to have been the brother, not the son, of Dr. Conant who 
was then married. The marriages of Dr. Lane and of Charles Burras, 
both of Banbury, will be found at page 192. Both these names are 
mentioned in connection with the Conant family in their History, as 
above. The will of Madam Conant is in the office of Mr. PercivaJ 
Walsh, Oxford, late Dayman and Walsh. 



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APPENDIX. 357 

Page 97. From Wood, Clark, vol. 2, p. 361. Sir William Morton 
owned the island which had been the property of the Grey Friars, 
Oxford, 

* in right of his wife Anne, daughter and heir of John Smyth of Oxford, 
gent; 

further, 

* August a 5th, 1670. Two of Sir WUliam Morton's daughters were 
buried at Kidlington ; the eldest was named Anne, the other Magdalen. 
As for shee that was between them, was stolen away last May by a 
journeyman draper in Chancery Lane neare the Rolls Tavern.* 

This must have been Cecily, see Pedigree. 



Page 102. From the Chartulary of Osney Abbey in Christ Church, 
Oxford (Library of the Dean and Chapter), page 36 : — 

*An Indenture between Osney Abbey and Robert Rastell for two 
virgates of land in Water Eaton. Robert d'Oiley confirmed the gift of 
Rastell and his heirs, in fee and in perpetuity, of half a hide of land, 
pasture and tenants held by William Rastell in Eton, of 10 shillings annual 
rent ; 5 shillings to be paid at Michaelmas and 5 shillings at Lady Day, and 
at the Nativity of our Lord one sextary of honey and one loaf and two 
capons or four hens. And the same Robert for himself and his heirs quit 
claimed to the Abbot and Convent and their successors whatever rights he 
might have in the above mentioned lands. To which he set his hand and 
did homage to the Abbot.' 



Page 105. From the 2nd Report of Royal Commissions of 
Historical MSS., p. 132 : — 

* Alderman Frere was a noted chirurgeon and being employed by King. 
Henry the 8th about the year 1537 to (attend upon) Queen Jane in order 
to save the life of his son afterwards Edward 6th, had the manors of 
Wolvercote, Yamton and Water Eaton given him by the King for that 
service. His house in Oxford stood in the sight of the King's Head 
Tavern. His son was knighted. He sold Wolvercote and Godstow to 
Sir John Walter, Yamton to Mr. Spencer and Water Eaton which was 
his summer seat to .' 

This was taken from a volume in Lincoln College. The whole 
story appears very doubtful. We have the original deeds of sale for 
Water Eaton and Yarnton for the above date, and neither is to the 
parties named. 



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358 



HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 



The annexed Pedigrees are copied from a MS. Book written by 
Dr. Joseph Smith, and now in the possession of Dr. Magrath, Provost 
of Queen's College, who has kindly allowed the writer to copy them. 
Although they have come to hand since the text was printed, they 
nowise invalidate the previous statements, but supply several further 
particulars of interest. 

PEDIGREE OF STREET, OF THRUP. 

(See page 78 supra.) 



Edward Street, of 
pnrchaaed part of the estate at 
I Car. I. 

I 



00,1603. 



Woodhall Street, of Kidlington, 1673, 

married Margaret 

Buried at Kidlingtoo, 1681, aged 81. 



Henry Street, of Kid- 
lington, married M. 
West, of Hampton 
Poyle, and be dyed 
30 March, 1686. 
Widow married J. 
ConaotjChancellor 
of Norwich. 



Alice Street =p John Hill, 
T ofNori^olk. 

Charles Hill, died at 
Walaham in Nor- 
folk, 1745, leaving 
issue 

I, 



Lydia Hill ; she married 
(ist) Pairclough, (and) 
Bayfield, (3r<^ Mallet, 
the now possessor of 
the perpetual annuity 
oat of Dr. Conant's 
estate. 



I 

William Street, M.A. 

of Exeter College. 

(Wood's Athenae.) 

Bridget Street ^ Bdmnnd Hobaxt, of 
Hok. Norfolk, do. 
scended from y< L. 
C. Jostice Hobart, 
Bart. HediedPeb. 
13, i66d Boned at 
Holt(seeLeNeTe'8 
*Mon.*). 



Hannah Hobart, sole heiress 
to hb estate and manors at 
Holt. She married William 
Briggs. M.D.. of London, 
Ph^dan to his Majesty's 
Hospital, sometime Fellow 
of (jorpos ChristL Cant., 
and author of 'Toe Ano- 
tomy of ye Eye.* 



BRENT (see p. 123 snpra). 
Brent = Eddows, of Monmouth. 

Roger Brent sold Thrup; he was Rector of St Toll's. 



PEDIGREE OF SMITH, OF GLOUCESTERSHIRE AND OF 
CASSINGTON (lee p. 88 supra). 

Thomas Smith ^: daughter of Thomas Standard, of Kidltngton. 



Humphrey Smith ^ Maiy, ye dau. of . . . . ner . of Gloucestershire. 

Thomas Smith, = t 
of Kidlington. I 



: the dan. of Low, of Thrup and of 
Great Milton in Ozfbrxlshire. 



Thomas. William. Molly. 

This shows that Humphrey Smith, the High Sheriff, left issue. 
I have been unable to pursue this family further; the Registers of 
St. Clement's, Oxford, have yielded nothing. 



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APPENDIX. 



359 



PEDIGREE OF MAY, MAN, PHILIPS, AND HUDS 
(See pp. 134, 143, I44» HSO 



John May, of Kidlington == Atbaliah. 



Martin May = n. n. no issue. He 
left his estate first to Mr. Francis 
Man and his heiis male, and in 
case of failure of such, then to 
Blicb. Phillips and her heirs male, 
and in case of her dyin)^ without 
issue male, then to her nephew 
John Phillips, jun.. and if he dyed 
without issue male, then to the 
right heirs of the aforesaid 
Auutin May. 



— Cowell =: Catherine. 

Catherine ^= Sir John Boyce, Margarei 
Mayor of Oxford, 

buried in St 
Mary^s Church. 



dau. = Mr. Cook, da 



John Boyce *, = dau. and heir of 
Rector of Dr. Hudson. 



— = Holloway, at the Mill, 

Kidlington, 
died 8. p. 



z^WiUiamDod. of Kid- 
lington, and had 
several children. 



T 



William Dod< Vicar 
of Beconsfield, 
who had i 



Susan == Mr. Dawson, of Kidlington. 

daughter = Thomas Soden, of Kidlington, 
whose son Thomas is the 
next heir, by virtue of the 
will of his mother, Susan 
Dawson. 



John Phillips == 



BUsabeth, died at Kidlington, 
unmarried. 



Mary = Ml 



lonn, Thomas, 

diedun- ofWomall, 
married, married twice. 



Wil 



lliam. 



Edward. 



Anne = Richard Hudson, 
of Kidlington. 



T 



Mary = Thomas Saunders. 



John = . . . Benfield, 
of Oxford. 



Thomas. 



Henry. 



Elizabeth. 



Ann 



Catherine = Mr. Thornton \ Fellow of Que* 
and Rector of Niton and Gods 



Isle of Wight. 



Martin May Mann = Harriet Tyrrell, 

only dauc^hter, 
who married Mr. Mead. 



William, 

died at Kidlinc 

unmarried 



1 John Bovcc, son of John, of St. Mary's, Ozon, arm. Ch. Ch., matric. 7 Julj 
B.A 1731 ; M.A. 1735. Foster's Alum. 

« Will. Dod, son of Will, of Kidlington, Oxon. pleb. Trinity CoIL matric. 37 ] 
16 ; B.A. 1694 ; M.A. from Exeter Coll. 1697 ; Vicar of Domey, Bucks, 1699. 

' William Thornton, son of Christopher, of Musgrave, Westmoreland, Cler 
matric. 15 March, \i% aged 18 ; B.A 1710 ; M.A. 1723. Foster's Alum. 



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36o HISTORY OF KIDLINGTON. 

The Chapel of the Hospitallers at Gosford. 
From the Chartulary of Osney, Ch. Ch. MS. 24, fol. 47 f. : — 

GOSEFORD. 

Composition between us and the hospitallers of the chapel of Goseford. 

To all sons of our holy mother the church to whom the present writing 
shall come, the Prior and Subprior of Dunstable, health in the Lord. We 
have received the command of our lord the Pope in these words : Gregory, 
bishop, servant of the servants of God, to our beloved sons the Prior and 
Subprior of Dunstable in the diocese of Lincoln, health and apostolic 
benediction. Our beloved sons the abbot and convent of the monastery 
of Oseney, complaining to us have shown that the brothers of the Hospital 
of Jerusalem in England of the diocese of Lincoln have presumed to 
construct anew a certain oratory within the limits of their parish of 
Kidlington, to their prejudice and injury. — Therefore we command your 
discretions by apostolic writings that the parties being summoned you hear 
the cause, and terminate it by a proper decision without appeal, causing 
those things which you have decreed to be observed on pain of severe 
ecclesiastical censure. But the witnesses who shall have been sunmtionedy 
if they by favour, malice, or fear, shall have withdrawn themselves, you 
shall oblige them by the same censure without appeal to give witness to 
the truth. Given at Spoleto, the second of the ides of July, in the sixth 
year of our pontificate. Therefore by authority of this mandate, the 
parties being lawfully represented before us by their proctors, namely the 
abbot and convent of Oseney by brother E., Canon, a proctor lawfully 
appointed for settling and transacting business on one side, and the 
hospitallers aforesaid by Master P. de Radnor, proctor lawfully appointed 
for settling and transacting business on the other side, in the cause arising 
between them concerning the said oratory, the dispute between them has 
been arranged by this amicable ending, namely, that the said Hospitallers 
possess the said oratory of Goseford according. to the extent of the 
privileges granted them by the apostolic see. And the proctor of the 
same hospitallers for this purpose specially appointed, in the name of the 
said Hospitallers has promised in good faith that neither the hospitaller 
nor the secular chaplain shall admit to divine service in the same oratory 
the parishioners of the mother church, neither shall he receive ' annuale vel 
triennale ' nor do anything else that may be the due of the mother church 
on occasion of the said oratory, to the prejudice or loss of the mother 
church. The said proctor has also promised in the name of his lords that 
his lords shall observe the said conditions and shall cause them to be 
observed by those under them. The same conditions, if it shall happen to 
the said hospitallers to build oratories in other parishes of the said Canons, 
shall be observed fully and with good faith. And we lovers of peace 
approving this arrangement and confirming the same by the setting of our 
seals, with the consent of the parties, decree that perpetual jurisdiction be 



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APPENDIX. 361 

reserved to us and our saccessors, to enforce the observance of the said 
composition without appeal So that, if one or other party shall oppose 
the said arrangement in any respect, we may be able by sentence of 
excommunication to compel the party not fulfilling these conditions to 
their full observance, and to the repayment of losses and expenses, the 
parties being present, or in the absence of one of them contumaciously, 
without appeal, and by every resource of law. Given in the year of grace 
mccxxxiiij, on the Monday next before the Annunciation of our Lady, in 
the church of Dunstable. 



Page 128. Loose Hall, Gosford. 

From 'John Ogilb/s roads.' Published 1675. Cough Maps, 100. 
Road from Oxford to Cambridge, map 80. A tenement exactly 
opposite to the entrance to Water Eaton Lane and corresponding 
with the present public-house, is marked "Lowse Hall," so called 
by the Scholars/ 

The following is a reprint from an article printed in the KidUngim 
Magazine in 1885; written by the Rev. C. F. H. Johnstone, then 
acting as Curate, chiefly from the recollections of Mr. John Rand, for 
many years the Parish Clerk. 

KmuNGTON Parish Church sixty years ago. 

'Sixty years ago our church was very differently arranged from its 
present condition ; there were no seats except in the chancel, the nave, 
and the south aisle; and the nave was separated from the rest of the 
church by the wooden screen, which now lies against the wall behind the 
organ. 

The ^ass, which now fills the east window in the chancel, was then in 
different windows in other parts of the church. The ceiling of the chancel 
was of flat boarding, running far below the roof, so as to cut off* the top 
part of the window ; and the only seats were those which run along the 
screens, and in front of them for book rests, there were high old oak 
forms. 

The pulpit, reading desk, and the clerk's desk were placed together by 
the north wall of the nave, between the large window and the barred up 
door, which is usually called the Batchelor's Door; and the font stood 
where it does now. 

All the nave and the south aisle contained high square pews with doors, 
some of which were locked up from Sunday to Sunday as if they were 
private rooms. By the screen, which stood where the reading desk now is, 
there were no high pews but open benches, whose ends were the beautifully 
carved wood now supporting the book rests in the chancel Over these 



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362 HISTORY OF KIDUNGTON. 

seats was a gallery for Gosford people : and all along the wall where the 
pulpit now is was the Water Eaton gallery ; at the west end of the nave 
was a gallery for the choir, which used to sing to the accompaniment of 
the violincello, clarionet, bassoon, and many other instruments mentioned 
in the old verses on the Kidlington choir ^. Adjoining the choir gallery 
there was a fourth gallery, at the west end of the south aisle, for the boys' 
and girls' schools kept by Mr. John Allen and his sister close to the church. 
At the time of which we are writing there used to be a hundred boarders 
in the boys' school. 

The North Transept was the vestry, and the parish meetings were held 
in it ; the Sunday School, which was commenced in 1808 by Mr. Symonds 
(the Curate of Kidlington and afterwards Warden of Wadham College), 
used to be held in the north chancel aisle ; the south chancel aisle and the 
adjoining transept were empty and unused. The ringers stood on the 
ground floor in the centre of the church (where the chou- now sits) 
between the chancel and the nave screens, and the clock was in the 
Water Eaton gallery with a dial facing the congregation in the nave. 

Service was held on Sundays at 11 and at 3 ; in the morning there was 
Morning Prayer, Litany, and the first part of the Holy Communion as far 
as the sermon, which were all read from the reading desk in the nave : the 
chancel was only used at the times when the Holy Communion was 
celebrated : this was eight times a year ; viz. on Christmas Day, Easter Day, 
and Whitsun Day, and the Sundays next to those feasts and on two 
Sundays at Michaeknas. The Curate resided in Oxford and came out for 
Sunday services, and was sometimes called from Oxford on a week-day 
(no easy work for the Clerk before the times of railways) to perform a 
funeral or wedding service. But these latter duties were often performed 
by the Rectors of Hampton Poyle and Shipton, who were more easily 
sunmioned. The only week-day services were those on the four bread- 
days, for which sermons are provided, and on Christmas and on Good 
Friday.' 

' The verses were printed by J. Oliver, George Street, Oxford. 



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APPENDIX TO THE HISTORY 
OF YARNTON. 



Archaeological Remains between Yarnton 
AND Begbroke. 

It is supposed from various remains dug up about ^ere, both of 
human and animal bones and many pieces of ancient pottery, that 
here we are upon the site of an early British village. The people in 
all probability fortified themselves upon the mound between Yarnton 
and Bladon, called 'Round Castle/ and their cemetery, evidently 
extensive, lay in the Yarnton field now crossed by the railway. 

The following account of these discoveries is taken from a paper ^ 
by Mr. W. B. Dawkins read in 1862 : — 

Mn May, 1861, I had an opportunity of exploring a section of rising 
ground near Yarnton in the cutting of the Witney Railway, close to its 
junction with the main Oxford and Worcestershire. On the summit of 
the gravel pit is a black layer of earth from five feet to a few inches in 
thickness. As we examined this layer walking westward, we found pieces 
of pottery, rude and half baked, with bones and teeth of animals. The 
remains became more abundant as we walked westward At ten yards 
from the place where the gravel ceased, at the depth of a foot we dis- 
covered a skeleton buried in a sitting posture with the face turned to the 
S.E. or S.S.E. a complete section of it had been made in cuttmg the 
embankment and half of the bones had been carried away. In November 
Mr. Dobbs and I were fortunate in discovering another skeleton quite 
perfect, which was buried at full length. The skull is now in the 

^ Oxford Architectural and Hist. Soc. vol. i, p. 108. 



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364 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

osteological series in the new Museum. Some three or four years ago a 
considerable quantity of urns and human remains were found in getting 
gravel for the railway, about a quarter of a mile to the east of this spot. 
Unfortunately all the skeletons and bones have been lost or scattered 
among private collections, and of the urns only one has found its way to 
its proper resting-place in the Ashmolean. This urn, I am informed, at the 
time of its discovery had another one inside, which has disappeared. It 
was found at the depth of 8 feet from the surface, near the south side of 
the gravel pit now nearly filled up. The pieces of pottery scattered about 
the ploughed lands indicate that the burial grounds of this early race of 

men were of considerable extent in this locality Upon comparing the 

hiunan remains from Standlake with those from Yamton, though in the 
one case (the former) cremation appears to have been the rule, and )in the 
other simple interment, there can be no doubt that they are both of the 
same date ; the same animab, the same pottery, and the same flints point 
out the fact.* 



The following is the accouDt left us by Dr. Vaughan Thomas of 
the discovery of fossil remains in a part of *the Park' at Yamton. 
The loop line for the Worcester and Wolverhampton railway from 
Stratfield across the Woodstock road was made in 1854. 

' During tie progress of the work the following remains were found. 
At a depth of 18 feet from the surface a fine tusk about 8| feet long, with 
several teeth of " Elephas Primigenius " ; two skulls of " Bos Longifrons **; 
several skulls of Antelope and Reindeer ; seven teeth of '^ Equus fossilis "; 
the jaw of a wild Boar with fragments of British and Roman pottery, were 
found V 

These were all presented by Dr. Thomas to the Warwickshire 
Geological Society, of which he was a member. 

In the University Museum in the Parks, Oxford, are also many 
remains of fossil animals from Yamton. 



Archaeological discoveries in Yamton. Appendix to Scientific 
Papers and Addresses, vol. 2, page 942. 

During the years 1875 to 1877, both inclusive, an ancient burial- 
place was exposed in getting gravel for the railway to the south-west 
of the church on the north side of the railway station. 

Whilst removing the soil two ditches of a semicircular form were 
opened into. These ditches were situated close to each other and 

* Short account of Yamton by Dr. Vaughan Thomas. 



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APPENDIX. 365 

had the concavity of the semilune turned in opposite directions, as is 
shown by the plan by Sir H. Dryden, The ditches were filled with 
black earth, and in and near them the graves containing the skeletons 
were found. In May, 1876, Dr. Rolleston noted — 

' We found a skeleton in a grave sunk through the side of the ditch ; 
there can be no reasonable doubt that the skeleton was placed there after 
the ditch had been filled in. This is confirmed by the fact that in another 
of these ditches two bodies were found, one on the top of the other, in 
1875. I think the ditches may simply have been places to live in; very 
little has been found in them. After they were filled up the buriers simply 
hit upon this ditch as a place to dig a grave in and sank this grave, as it 
happens, within the limits of the ditch on either side. The graves were 
numerous, about two or three feet from the surface, about two or three 
feet in length, and about two feet in breadth. The bodies were buried in 
a contracted position, the knees close to the face and the heads pointed in 
various directions. A few iron implements, some animal's bones, a drinking 
cup, a bone pin, and some pottery were found with them. In one grave a 
bronze torque or collar was found.' 

In March and February, 1876, Dr. Rolleston mentions finding 
skeletons with a quantity of charred wood around them with a chipped 
flint and a bronze needle. In May he remarks — 

' These excavations in the form of elongated ditches must be considered 
in connection with the holes filled with black earth which distinguishes 
them from the gravel in which they are sunk. The men at work say they 
sometimes find these holes as much as 8 to 10 feet deep and are obliged to 
note them, as the black earth which they contain does not do for ballast. 
Can they just be sunk dwellings * ? 

Nov. 1876. A Saxon interment, with head at west and feet at east, with 
spear, was discovered. 

Most of the human and other remains are preserved in the University 
Museiun at Oxford.' 

So far this paper. 



References to Yamton in Phillips' 'Geology of Oxford,' pages 38, 464. 

' The Low Level Gravel at Yamton is as much as 12 and 16 feet deep, it 
is formed of many irregular layers of gravel and sand with their strips of 
clay; height above the sea a 10 feet It yielded at or near the bottom, 
where large pebbles of northern drift formed an almost solid bed, a pro- 
fusion of teeth and tusks of ^ Elephas primigenius.'' In the upper part were 

' Similar 'pit dwellings* are to be seen upon the Cotswold Hills, especially 
npon the slopes of the Strond and Nailsworth valleys. A rongh shed of wood and 
thatch was all that was required to make an efficient shelter over them. 



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366 HISTORY OF YARNTON. 

old British pit-graves with skeletons in the pite. This gravel spreads 
northwards up the sides of the curious hollow, which may have been an 
old channel of the Cherwell, to Ridlington station, where it yields a few 
shells of land and fresh water. To show the fluviatile origin of this gravel 
we visited the large gravel pit near the station at Kidlington. We found 
shells lying 3 feet under the gravel in an argilaceous band, and to our 
surprise from some damp clay amongst the gravel we extracted small 
specimens of ''Ancylus fluviatOis." In the sandy drifts mixed with this 
gravel at Yamton to the depth of 10 feet we find land shells, "Pupa 
muscorum/' " Helix hispida," " Limnaea peregnu" ' 



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APPENDIX TO THE HISTORY 
OF BEGBROKE. 



'Round Castle.' From Leland's Itinerary, 17 12. 

' It bath a double vallum. 'Tis a large and remarkable Fortification ; and I 
look upon it (provided it be really Roman, as for my part I do not doubt 
but it is) to have been formed much about the same time as Stunsfield.' 



From Plot's Natural History of Oxfordshire, 1677, p. 336. 

< From the round shape it was most probable that it was constructed by 
the Danes, but upon what occasion I could nowhere find.' 

The assertion made by several publications that Dr. Plot declared 
that an underground passage existed between Begbroke Castle and 
the river arose from a misreading of his text Mr. Marshall, in his 
history of Woodstock, remarks that the brackets in one of Dr. Plot's 
sentences have been misplaced, thus leading to the curious result 
which a glance at a map would show to be impossible. 



From Heame's Coll., vol. 3, p. 408 (Ox. Hist. Soc). 

^ 'Tis a noble Fortification. Here was a Roman camp, and I look upon 
it to have been made about the year 367 in the reign of Valentinian the ist 
when Britain was clear'd of barbarous Enemies by the famous General 
Theodosius. It hath a double vallum. The vallum on the north side is 
not visible. Divers bricks have been found here, but no coins that I 
know of.' 



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368 HISTORY OF BEGBROKE. 

Dr. Plot * gives an account and the engraving of a small squared 
stone which was found in the garden of the Manor House ^t Yamton. 
It was covered on all sides with unknown characters which he declared 
to be Chinese, and he spends many words in conjecturing how it came 
there. Warton *, in noticing this, says, alluding to his own mention of 
British remains at Begbroke, 

'Plot might have been more precise in his description of this, as the 
inscription has as much claim to be British as Chinese, whereas he only 
says "the stone is like cheese.** ' 

1 p. 356. ' Kiddington, p. 16. 



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INDEX OF PLACES 



Abingdon, Abington, Abendon, xx, 68, 
69, 151, 283, 290, 305. 

— Abbey church of, i. 

* Achey,* Yaniton, 263. 
Acock's Green, Birmingham, 228. 
Adderbnry, 160 note. 

Alban's, St., church of, 256, 346. 

— Hall, Oxford, 334. 
Alchester, xvi. 

Aldates, St, or St. Toll's, Oxford, 92, 
93, 108. 130, 137, 177, 226 note, 333, 

358. 
Aldershot, church of, 257. 
Aldswell, 116. 

* Alescroft,* Kidlington, 174 and map. 
'Alleluya,' Yamton, 211, 215, 252. 
All Hallows', Bread Street, London, 356. 
All Saints', Oxford, 23, 41, 57, 127, 

177, 276 and note. 
All Souls' College, Oxford, v, 227, 229, 

232 note, 233, 234. 
Ahns Houses, Kidlington, 96, 99, 132, 

I3<^» H7f i6»» 1^5- 
Althorp, Northants, 293, 296. 
Alvescot, Oxon, 131. 
Appleton, Berks., 313. 
Ardelee, 333. 
Argiers, 257. 

' Aristotle's Well,' Oxford, 308. 
Amcot, Oxon, 47 note. 
Ashbnrton, 230. 

Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 248, 364. 
'Assert' (Ascot, Berks.), 298. 
Aston Cantlow, Warwicks., 257. 
Aston Clynton, Bucks, 21. 
Aston, Shropshire, 156. 
Atherton, Ireland, 257. 

* Austin's Close,' Kidlington, 49. 
Austria, 3. 

Avington church, Bucks, 236 note. 

Bach Brook, Cheshire, 321. 
Balliol College, Oxford, 222. 



Balliol College, chapel of, 42. 

* Bally, the,* or Bury, Kidlington, 77. 
Bampton, Hundred, 352. 
Banbury, 70, 356. 

— Hundred, 352. 
Barford (Yorks.), 99. 
Barnard Castle, 9Q. 

' Bam Close,' Kidlington, 137, and map, 

163. 
Bartholomew, Parish of St., 256. 

— Chapel of, Cowley, 17 note. 
Barton £de, 202, 203. 

— Great, or Steeple, 73, 75, 121 note. 

— Westcot, 74 note, 121 note. 

— Parva, 1 26. 
Basing, 210. 

'Bat(£elor's Ground/ Kidlington, 128. 

Bawtry, Notts, 93. 

' Bayard's or Bears', Green,' Oxon, 3. 

Beaumont Palace, Oxford, 4, 5. 

Beckles, 346. 

Beckley, 116, 201. 

Bedale, 57 note. 

Begbroke, Beckbroc, Bagbrook, Bug- 
broke, XV, xvi, xvii, 120, 134, 210, 
211, 227, 228, 230, 231 note, 233, 
263,308, 315, 3«6- 

— History, from 321 to 352, App. on, 
367-8. 

Begbroke Hall, 323, 35a 

— Hill, 00, 218.323,349. 

— Wood, 337. 

— Castle. XV, 367, or < Round Castle.' 

* Bencroft,' 3. 

* Bentley s Close,' Kidlington, 75. 
< Berefurlong,' Kidlington, 19. 
Berton, near Abendon, 290. 
Berwick or Barwick-on-Tweed, 258. 
Bicester or Burcester, 8,21, 61,65, ^^i, 

128, 163. 

— Priory and manor of, 8, 9. 
Bickham, Devons., 230 note. 
Biggleswade, Bedford, 41. 

b 



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370 



INDEX OF PLACES. 



Btnsey, 'Bcnescyc/ Btuisey, 176, 177. 
' Bii|;ins' hedge, Kidlington, 17a. 
« Bi^oprick, the,* 276. 
Bishop s Court, Uie, 63, 349. 
BUck Frian, Oxford, 178 note. 

— Bourton, Oxon, 88 note. 

— Horse Lane,KidUngton, i68,i69note. 
Bladon, Bladen, xv, 41, aoo, 222, 293, 

345, 353, 363. 

* Bladon Close, Kidlington, 75 note, 76, 

and map, 200. 
Blechendon, Bletchingdon, 24, 61, 68, 

69, 164, 180, 287, 306. 
'Blencowe*8 Butts/ Thrup, 124. 
Blenheim, 255, 269, 292, 295, 300, 301, 

336. 
Bloxham, Oxon, 226 note. 
' Bodleian Library,* Oxford, 3, 156, 248. 
Bolton, Yorkshire, 99. 
Bordeaux, 11, 105. 
Borstall, 12, 25. 
Boston, Lincolns., 38. 
' Bouchier's Land,* Kidlington, 351. 
Bourton-on-the- Water, 69. 
Bow, Middlesex, 268. 
Bracklesham, 71. 
Brackley, 3 note, 5. 67, 148, 163. 
Bradfield, Berks., 256. 
Bradham, Barony of, 1 2. 
Bradwell, 258. 

Bramford End (Brentford), 258. 
Bramley, 346. 
Brasenose College, Oxford, vi, 8 note, 

41, 49i 74» 75» 78, 92» 132, iz6 note, 

142, 174, 223,336,338. 

— Hall, Oxford, 41. 
Bredon, Worcester, 71. 
Breton, Cape, 166. 

* Brewer Street,* Oxford, 131. 
Bridewell, Oxford, 163. 
Bridport, 256. 

Brindle, Lanes., 225. 
Brington, Northants, 285, 286. 
Bristol, 105, 166, 356. 
Broughton, South Hants, 258. 

— Yorkshire, 65. 
Buckingham, 118. 
Buckland, Berks., 56 note. 

— Somersetshire, 1 25. 

Bucknall, Buckinhall, Buckinall, 22, 41. 
Bullingdon, Bolingdon, Hundred, 8, 13, 

16. 
*— Green,* 68. 
Burcot, 174. 
Burford, 69, 94, 306. 

* Burleigh Coppice,' Bladon, 293. 
' — M^id,' Yamton, 291. 

'Burnt Cross,* Kidlington, 124, 173, 174. 
Burton, Burcomb, Wilts., 258. 

* Bury House/ Kidlington, 77, and map. 



'Bury Moor* and Road, Kidlington, 

66, 75, 136, 164, and map. 
' By8chopBmore,'Cut8low, 176, and niap. 

Caldiill manor, Kent, 104. 

Calvecroft, Yamton, 263. 

Cambridge, 257. 

Campden, Glos., ^ 

Campsfield, Kidhngton, 7, 19, 48 and 
note, 59, 61, 75 note, 124, 171, 291. 
306, 307. 

* Canaham,' * Canhame,* Meadow, Kid- 
lington, 19, 129, 174, and map. 

Canal, Kidlii^ton, 122. 

Cardiff, 344. 

Carfax, Oxford, 57, 269. 

Carlton Hall, Yorks., 133 note. 

*Casscy. the,* Kidlington, 136. 

Cassington, Chersington, Karsmgton, 
Kersington, 102, 116, 155, 167, 202, 
207. 209, 210, 369, 275, 276, 393, 
307» 314, 337, 346, 352. 

Castle-Eaton, Wilts, 89, 131. 

Caversfield, 121. 

Caversham, Oxon, 258. 

Cemabbies, Dorsets., 258. 

Chadlington, xviii. 

Chakendon, Oxon, 62. 

Chalbury, 219. 

Chalfont St. Peter, Bucks, 257. 

Chalgrave, Oxon, 21. 

Chapel in Manor House, Kidlington, 12. 

Charlcote, Warwicks., 29a 

Chattercote Priory, 44. 

Chawley, Berks., 70. 

Chelsea Hospital, 278. 

Cheltenham, 168. 

Cherbourg, 166. 

Cherwell, the, xv, 50, 68, 95, in, 117, 

122, I2K, 174, 176, 303, 304, 304, 

305* 3W. 
Chesterton, Oxon, i, 15, 23, 305. 
— Warwicks., 156. 
Childrey, Berks., 337. 
Chippenham Forest, 1 1. 
*Choare Field/ Kidlington, 173, and 

map. 
Christ Church (or King*s College), 50, 

57» ^. 92. 176, i77» >78, i79» HO 

note, 369, 376, 393, 305, 313, 357. 
' Christopher, the,' Oxford, 93 note. 
Church, the, Kidlington, 4, 6, 14, 17, 

37, 38, 43, 44i 52, 53, 54, 55, 59, 

I39» i43-'.S7, 361. 
Church, the, Yamton, 44, 317, 335, 337- 

349. 389. 
Church, the, Begbroke, 339-343. 
' Church End,* Kidlington, 49, 77, 133, 

I39> 168. 
Church Hampton, 356. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



INDEX OF PLACES. 



371 



Church Lane, Yamton, 314, 315. 

Church Tower, Yamton, 236, 239, 288. 

Churchyard, Kidlington, 43, 54, 157. 

Churchyard, Yamton, 249. 

Churchyard, Begbroke, 345. 

Cirencester, 113. 

Citeaux, the Order and Convent of, 212. 

Clare Hall, Cambridge, 80. 

Clarendon Press, vi. 

Claverdon, Warwicks., 285, 286,289,290. 

'Clay, Upper and Lower,* Begbroke, 

338, and map. 
Claydon, Cleydon, i, 3, 6, 31. 

* Claxhurst,' Yamton, 263. 
Clee, Lincolns., 228. 
Clement's St., Danes, London, 229. 

— Oxford, 48 note, 358. 

* Clerk's House, the,* at Yamton, 250. 
Clerkwell, 256. 

* Cley Field,* Kidlington, 172, and map. 

* Cleyhuthe,' Yamton, 263. 

* Clcypiece,' Begbroke, 337, and map. 
Clifton in Sevem Stoke. Worcestcrs., 93. 
*Coates Farm,* Kidlington, 80, see 

* Cot*8 Green.* 
Cobbome, Isle of Wight, 256. 
Cogges, 61, 324, 352. 
Coggeswood, 4, 19. 
Cokefield, 22. 
Colan, Devons., 256. 
'College, the,' Kidlington, 140, and 

map, 160. 

— Yamton, 279, 280. 

Combe or Coombe, Oxon, 125, 145. 
Combe Bisset, Wilts., 11, 17, 20, 21. 
Compton Henmersh, 13, 16, 118. 
' Conant's aisle,' Kidlington church, 56, 

79, 148. 
'Constable's Ditch,' Yamton, 281. 

* Cooke's and Dyer's Land,* Kidlington, 

Coombe, Somersets., 100 note. 
'Copthome Bush,* *Copton Field,' 

Kidlington, 49, 124, 173, and map. 
Cork, Ireland, 257. 
Combury, Oxon, 267. 
Cornwall, III. 
Comwell, Oxon, 25, 40. 
Corpus Christi College, Oxford, 23, 

327, 33.'i- 
Cote. Kidlington, 2. 
Cotes, Oxon, 19, 328. 
Cotesford, Cotrford, Oxon, 21, 257. 
Cotham, Notts, 256. 
'Cot's Green,* Kidlington, 2 note, see 

Coates, and map. 
Cotsmore, Rutland, 284. 
Cotswold Hills, 365 note. 

* Cottager's Close,' Yamton, 311. 
Covent Garden Market, 169. 

15 



Coventry, 279. 
Cowley, Oxon, d^, 230 note. 
' Cow Close,' Kidlington, 1 28. 
Coxstone, Kent, 258. 

* Crescent the,' Kidlington, 169 note. 
Creslow, 171. 

Cricklade, 315. 
Crimea, 54, 

* Croft, li,' Yamton, 263. 

' Crofts, the,* Kidlington, xvi. 
Croham, Surrey, 23. 
Cropredy, iii, 257. 

* — Lawn,' Banbury, 308 note. 
Cross at Yamton, 251. 

— Ensham, 251. 

— Throp, 122, 252. 
Croughton, 222. 
Crowhurst, Surrey, 25. 

'Crow March,* Kidlington, 174, and 

map. 
Croxford, 19. 
Croydon, 23. 
Cmckmeal, 346. 

* Cryspesham,' Yamton, 263. 
Cuddesdon Palace, 107. 

Cudelawe, Codelaw, Cudeslaw, Cud- 

dyslowe, 2, 34, 102, 103, 104. 
Cuerdly, 130. 
Culham, 104. 

' Culvymiede,' Yamton, 263. 
Cutslow, xvl^.xviii, 47, 1 76-181, 351. 

Daintree, 69. 
Deddington,o,5i, 257. 
Deerhurst, Gfos., 258 note. 
Delwyn (Del vine), Ireland, 257. 
Devisses Castle, 11. 
Devon, County of, 47. 
Diamond Harbour, Bengal, 345. 

* Dill Ground,' Begbroke, 350, on map, 

'Deal Ground.^ 
Dionis, St., Chnrdi, London, 81, 82, 1 49. 
Docking, Norfolk, 336. 
Donnington Castle, Berks., 26 note, i iS. 

— Priory and Hospital, 118, 119. 
Dorchester, Oxon, 55, 199, 200. 

* Doulding or Dolton's Close,' Beg- 

broke, 337, 350, and map. 
Dover, 29. 

' Dowcra*s Weir,' Gosford, 50, 1 26. 
Dra3rton, Oxon, 344. 
Drayton Farm, Eling, 179. 
Droitwich, Worcesters., xv. 
Dublin, 85. 

* Duke's Lock,* Yamton, 311. 
Dulverton, Somerset, 100 note. 

' Duncrofts,' Begbroke, 350, and map. 
Dunkirk, 257 note. 
Dunstan 8, St., London, 89, 256. 
Dunstaple, 360, 361. 

b2 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC \ 



372 



INDEX OF PLACES. 



Dnntsboiirne Rome, Glot., 227. 
Dnnstew, Ozod, 330, 331. 
Dnnsthorpe, 353. 
Durham, 82, 99. 

* Durthfield/ Kidlington, 173. 
•DurthilV 174- 

* — Furlong/ 63. 

Eadburghas, St, Bicester, 8, 
EardiugtoQ, Shropshire, 29a. 
East Gate, Oxford, 113. 
£bbe*8, St, Oxford, 166, ao6. 
Edgehill, Battle of, 67. 
Edmond's House, Kidlington, 61 note. 
£dmuDd*8, St, Hall, Oxford, 239. 
£dward*s, St, Oxford, 103, 177. 
Elmerugge, Worcester, 23. 
Elmestone, Somerset, 335. 
Elmsley, Worcesters., 122,174. 
Elms, the, B^broke, 345. 
Elsfield, 47, 01, 99, loi, 103. 
Ely House, Hoi bom, 276. 

— Cathedral, 346. 
Emley, Ireland, 336. 
Emmington, or Emyngton, 19, 20. 
England, 3, a68. 

Ensford, Kent, 257. 

Ensham, Eynsham, xvi, zvii, a, 69, 160, 
161, 181, 199, 205, 206, 207, a 10, 
an, ai6, ai8, 219, 235, 236, 251, 
353. 353, 363, 305, 313, 3K2. 

Enslow or Ainslow, Bridge, 08, 287. 

— Heath and Hill, 61. 
Enstone, Oxon, 142, 268. 

* Enstone's Croft,' Kidlington, 174. 
Erdin^on, Warwickshire, 200. 
Essendon, Herts, 257. 
Evenlode, the, 306. 

Evesham, Worcesters., 69, 94, 293. 

Ewelme, 25, 26, 29, 58, 354, 355. 

Every's or Ivory's Mardi, Begbroke, 
350, and map. 

Exeter College^ Oxford, v, xvii, 34, 35, 
36, 44, 46. 48 note, 50. 53. 58, 65, 
no, n4, n9, 120, 132, 134, 137, 
138, i74f 180, 215, ai7, aao, 233 
note, 308, 3n, 31a, 313, 355, 356. 

•Fallowes,' Yamton, 315. 

Faringdon, 256. 

Farmington, Glos., 47, 89, 131. 

* Fenns Furzen,* Kidlington, 172, 173. 
'Femhill Field,' Kidlington, 164, 172, 

173, and map. 
« Femhulle,' Kidlington, 19. 
Fifield, Berks, 218. 312. 
Finmere, Oxon, 73, 74. 
Flanders, 26. 
Fliston, Suffolk, 113. 
Foxcote, Warwicks., 332. 
France, 29. 



' Frees' Chapel, 2, 102, 109, 210. 

'Frees,' 'Frice,' 'Friiers' Farm, Kid- 
lington, 13 note, 34, 49, 102, 104, 
109, 114, and map. 

— Yamton, 210 note, 230, 313, 316. 

* Freters Croft,' Yamton, 204. 
Friaries, the, Oxford, «7. 
Frideswide's, St, Oxford, xvii, i note, 

41, 102, 103, 104, 125, 176, 177, 178. 
Fringford, Oxon, 32^. 

* Froggle(well)down, * Froggenhall ' 

Lane. Yamton, 263, 306, 307, 314, 

and map. 
Fnlmer, Cambridge, 358. 
' Furze March,' Yamton, 338, and map. 

Galhally, 336. 

'Gaol, the,' Oxford, 61, 39a. 

'Garrawa/s Coffee House,' London, 

1 31 note. 
' Garrold's Close,* Kidlington, 75, and 

map, 300. 
Garsington, 133. 138, 334. 
' Gaunt House,' Standlake, 69, 70. 
'Genynhey,' Yamton, 363. 
George*s, St, Church, Oxford, i, 3, 35 

note, 109. 

— Bloomsbury, London, 330 note. 

— Southwark, London, 375. 

— Eschepe, London, 41. 

Giles', St, Oxford, 81, 331, 333, 389, 
ago, 333. 

— Field, Oxford, 305. 

— in the Field, London, 360. 
Glimpton, Oxon, 156. 

' Gloucester Hall,* Oxford, 334. 
Gloucester Castle^ 94> i^^ note, 113. 

— shire, 113. 
Godington, Oxon, a a. 

* God's House,' Ewelme, 38. 
Godstow, 45 and note, 69, 104, 1 16, 1 19, 

130, 178, 179, 348, 353, 374 note, 

384, 315. 357- 

Goosey, Berks, 159. 

Gosford, Gosforth, Gosworth, xvi, xviii, 
», 17, I9» 39» 49» 59» ^8, 69, 94, 95, 
104, no, in, 135-139, 146, 165, 

170, 175, 304, 305* 35I1 360, 36a. 

* Grascroft,' 3. 

Gray's Inn, London, 137. 

' Green, the,' Kidlington, 5,40, 71, 174, 

337, and map. 
' Grecnditch,* Oxford, xx, 290. 
Greenwich, 257, 275. 

— East, Manor of, 217. 
Gresford, 230 note. 
Grey Friars, Oxford, 357. 
Greystoke, Cumberland, 81 note. 

* Greystonemore,' Kidlington, 19. 
Grisons, the, 257. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



INDEX OF PLACES. 



375 



Grossmead, 238. 

Grosvenor Square, London, 2a6. 

'Grove House,* Kidlington, 133, 133 

note. 
Guild Hall, London, 96, 259, 260 note. 

* Haberdasher's Hall.* Oxford, 132. 

* Hades,' Begbroke, 350. 
Hagboume, East, Berks., 259. 
*Haine'8 Comer,' Kidlington, 75, 157, 

169 note. 
Hakebonme, 20. 
Hales Abbey, France, 208. 
Halifax, Yorkshire, 357. 
Haling, Hailing, Hawling, Kent, 293, 

296. 
Hamlynton, 62. 

* Hampden Manor,* Kidlington, 78, 90- 

102, 137, 148, 169 note. 
Hampton ad Pontem, Poyle, Gay, xvi, 

xvii, 14, 17,35,61,63, 75, 79,ii9note, 

125 note, 170, 202, 258, 268, 315. 
Hampton Court, 268. 
' Hanbury,' 102. 
Handborough, Church and Long, 81, 

100 note, 306, 307, 352. 
Handsworth, Birmingham, 336. 
'Hangman's Ground,' Kidlington, 13 

note, and map. 
' Hangyngelonde,' Kidlington, 19. 
Hanslape, Bucks, 12, 48. 
Hanwell, 29 note. 

'Hardwick,' Kidlington, 75 note, 164, 
— * Herdwyk juxta Burcester,' 21, 126. 

172, 174, and map. 
Ham Hill, Gloucestershire, 89, 131. 
' HamhuUe,* Kidlington, 19. 
Harper (Harpham), Yorks., 257. 
' Harts' March,'Begbroke, 350, and map. 
Hartwell, Hertwell, 40, 90. 
Haseley, Great, Oxon, 57. 
Hautboys, Norfolk, 256. 
Haversham, Bucks, 116, 118. 
Hayles, Gloucester, 178 note. 
Hayton, Lanes., 336. 
Headington, Hedinton, 8, 13, 16, 103 

note, 131, 155 note, 176, 258. 
' Heath Close,' Begbroke, 337. 
Helen's, Great St., Church, London, 224. 
Helliers, St, Jersey, 228. 
Hemyngton, 118. 
Hengrave, Suffolk, 286. 
Hcnsington, Oxon, 7, 191 25, 115, 279. 
Hereford, 5. 
Hertfordshire, 21, 340. 
' Hester's Land/ Kidlington, 140, and 

map, 160. 
' Heycroft,' 3. 

'Heyfield's Hut Lane,' Oxford, 305, 308. 
Hcyford, Lower, 243. 



Heywood Lodge, Berks., 175. 
Highgate Cemetery, London, 228. 
'Hilly Grounds,' Begbroke^ 350, and 

map. 
Hmcksey, North, 92 note, 134. 
Hinton, near Brackley, 312. 
Hogenorton, see Hooknorton. 
' Hoges,' Kidlington, 19. 
'Hogstye Bushes,' Kidlington, 12 
Hoikam, Great, Norfolk, 257. 
Holton. Oxon, 258, 323, 335. 
Holy Land, the, 200, and map. 
Holywell, Oxford, 64 note, 129, 

jfSi 227. 336 note, 334. 
' Home Field,' Kidlbgton, 173. 
'Honeycot,' or * Honeyboume^' 

ton, 280, and map. 
Honiton, Devon, 44. 
Honyngton, 219. 
Hooknorton, i, 3, 6, 9-13, 15, i( 

22, 27 and note, 29, 42, 104 not< 
Hope Collection, Oxford, 234, 24 
' Hop ground,' Yamton ^Begbrok< 
'Homdon,' Kidlington, 19. 
Horsleydown, Sou£wark, 141, 
Horsmondon, 346. 
Horspath, Oxon, 325. 
Horton, 116. 

' Hule Mill,' Water Eaton, 102,10; 
' Huntsman's Close,' Begbroke, 33 
Hurley, Berks., iii. 
Hynton, 40. 

Ickford, Bucks, 144, 270. 
Idbury, 25. 

Iffley, Oxon, 118, 119, 226, 313. 
Ilmlngton, Warwicks., 108. 
'Image Ground,' Begbroke, 339 

map. 
Ingatestone iv ' Gfaig Petre,' Essex 
Ingleton, Yorkshire, 80, 81 note, 83 
Inner Temple, London, 93. 
'Irons' Gate,' Kidlington, 124. 
Isis, the, XV, 304, 305, 307. 
Islip, Islyppe, 25, 63, 68, 128, 130 

276. 
Ivry, Honour of, 201. 

James, St., Square and Church, ^ 

minster, 220. 
— Cierkenwell, 145. 
Jervaulx Abbey, Yorks., 130. 

{esus College, Oxford, 49. 
ohn's, St, College, Oxford, 81, 

2^3, 276. 
' Jolly's Kicks,' Enstone, 142. 

Katherine's, St, 256. 

Keleneden, 219. 

Kelsey, North, Lincolnshire, 227. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



374 



INDEX OF PLACES. 



Kenneliogworth, 3 note. 
Kennington, Surrey « 141. 

* Kepharme's Lane/ Oxford, 93 note. 
Kerdcley, see Cuerdley. 
KiddingtoQ (Caddington),i20, 285 note, 

334. 
Kidlington, KedeIinc;toQ, Kodelington, 
Cudliugton, Cud^lington,^ Cidcfiing- 
ton, V, XV— xviii, xx, 216, 217, 218, 
220, 243, 247, 25a. 254 note, 275, 
276, 278, 285 note, 304, 305, 337, 

338* 344, 349, 351. 

— History of, i to 196. 

— Appendix, 353 to 362. 
Kilbritain, Bandon, 230. 
Kilkenny, city of, 97. 
Kingsey, Kyngscy, 256, 333. 
King's Bench, 96, 180, 278. 
King's College, see Christ Chnrch. 
'King's Bridge,' Yamton, 269, 314. 
' King's Weir,' on the Isis, 315. 

* King's Head Tavern,' Oxford, 357. 
Kingston-on-Hnll, 257. 

— Bagpuze, 117 note, 308. 

— Road, Oxford, 308. 

— Surrey, 227. 

Kirk Iretdn, Derbyshire, 257. 
Kirtlington, Oxon, 3, 8, 24, 226, 228, 

290 note, 290. 
KisUngbury, Northants, 226. 
Knaresborough, Yorks., 80, 82, 149, 

* Knellbrook, Kidlington, 172. 
Knight's Enham, Hants, 81. 
Knipersley, Stafford, 302 note. 

Lady Chapel <>r 'Sydenham aisle,* Kid- 
lington Church, 17, 96, 145, 146. 
Lamer, Herts, 291. 
Lamport, Northants, 257. 

* Landemede,' Yarnton, 263. 
Landemocke, Denbigh, 258. 

* Langford Lane,' Kidlington, xvi note, 

169, and map. 
'— . Pitts.' Kidlineton, 168. 
Langley, Wanvickshire, 99. 
Langres, Diocese o^ 212. 

* L^enhall,' Oxford, 49. 
' Lee, the,' 75. 
Leicester, 256. 

— County of, 12. 
Lewknor, Oxon, 31. 

* Liberty ' of the Earl of Cornwall, 21a 
' Limecroft,' * Lyncroft,' Yamton, 284. 
Lincoln, Cathedral of, 82, 251, 354. 

— College, Oxford, 264, 357. 

— shire, 02, 315. 

* Linkraft*s Gate,* Kidlington, 164, and 

map, 
Littlemore, Oxon, 68, 131, 313, 
Lodewell, Oxon, 324, - 



London, xv, 29, 62, 65, 72, 94, 137, 
233t 356, 338. 

— and North Western Railway, xvi. 
Long Wall Street, Oxford, 113. 

' Longemede,' Yamton, 263. 

* Longlete,* Yamton, 263. 

' Long Sands,' Kidlington, 1 24. 

* Lot Meadows,' Yamton, 318, 307-31 1, 

315, and map. 
'Louse, Loose, Hall,' Gosford, 128, 

163, 361, and map. 
Low Countries, 80. 

* Lower Clay,* Yamton, 338. 

' Lower Slad,' Kidlington, 173. 

* Lowfield,* Water Eaton, 113. 
Lowther Town, Cumberland, 81 note. 
Lowther, co. Fermanagh, 83, 149. 
Ludlow, Honour cr lordship of, xvii, 

331, Z22, 
Lvmm, Cheshire, 228. 
' Lyne House,' Kidlington, 1 52, and map. 
' Lynis Farm,' Kidli^on, 80. 
*Lynton Close,* Yamton, 211. 

Magdalen College, Oxford, 42, 68, 99, 
113 note, 132, 226 note, 241, 335. 

— (Maudlin) Bridge, 71 note, 227. 

— Chapel, 273. 
Maidenhead, 256. 
Malton, Yorks., 256. 

Manor House, Kidlington, 5, 12, 82, 

169 note, 175. 
Manor Farm, Kidlington, 6^ 155. 
Manor House, Yamton, 246, 285, 287, 

290, 291, 298, 310 note, 316, 368. 
Manor Farm, Yamton, 211 note, 215, 

a33» 316. 
Manor House, B^broke, 349. 
' Manse, the,' Fres, 2 note. 
' Mansion, the,' Kidlington, 169 note. 
Maple Dniham, Oxon, 22, 
Marcham, Berks, 344. 
Margaret's Road, St., Oxford, 290. 
Marlow Bridge, 259. 

* Marsh Close,' Begbroke. 337. 

* Marsh Close,' Yamton, 311. 
Marsh Gibbon, Bucks, 335. 
Marshalsea Prison and Money, 277, 278. 
Marston, Oxon, 258. 
Martin's-le-Field, St, London, 291. 
Mary's, St, Church, Oxford, 38, 42, 

127, 222. 

— Stow, Lincoln, 306. 

— Church, Warwick, 259. 

— Magdalen, St, Oxford, 79, 81,90, 138. 
Massington, Herefordshire, 93. 
Maydstone, 257. 

* Mead Lane,' Yamton, 307. 
Meadow Lots, Begbroke, 308, 338* 

— Yamton, 308. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



INDEX OF PLACES. 



375 



Meadow Lots, Water Eaton, 308. 

Meching, Chichester, 333. 

Medley, Oxon, 104 note, 230. 

Merchant Taylors* School, 223, 224. 276. 

Merton, Oxon, 35, 44. 

Merton College, Oxford, vi, 129, 175, 

226, 290, 312, 313, 326. 
Miceleton (Mikleton), Glos., 206, 290 
Michael's, St., Oxford, 79, 235 note. 
Middle Aston, 121 and note. 
Middleton Stoney, 8, 47, 48 note, 57 

note, 350. 

— Cheney, 335. 

Mildred's Parish, St, Oxford, 103. 
Mill, the. Kidlington, 33, 34, 39, 45, 

49» 50, 134. ^ 
Minster Lovel, 306. 
Miriot, Bath, 333. 
Mlssenden, 11, 12, 14, 16, 20, 21. 
Mixbury (Mixeberie), 3 note. 
Molesme, France, 212. 

* Monkeshede,' Yamton, 263. 
Montgomery, 11 note. 

* Moor End,' Kidlington, 169 note. 
' Moore Shard,' Kidlington, 174. 
Morris' Lots, Begbroke, 311. 
Morton, Berks, 11. 

— Notts, 93. 

Museum, University, Oxford, 364, 365. 
Muswell, II, 12. 

Nancy, France, 28. 
Neotts, St., 258. 
Nethercote, Oxon, 338. 

* Nethereyt,' Yamton, 263. 

* Neville's Inn,* Oxford, 23. 
Newbridge, Oxon, 305. 

Newbury (Ncwberie), Berks., 68, 256. 

New College, Oxford, 230 note, 313. 

Newgate Prison, London, 10, 96. 

Newinton, Oxon, 324. 

Newmarket, 256. 

Newton, Cambridge, 2^3. 

Ninehead, Somerset, 3^ 

Norbury, Derby, 90. 

Norfolk, 28. 

Normandy, ii. 

Northampton, 79 note, 256. 

North Aston, Oxon, 76, 121 note, 333. 

Northbrook, Oxon, 335. 

North Court, Berks., 175. 

'North Furze,' Kidlington, 19. 

North Gate (Norgate), Oxford, 8, 13, 

16, 68, loa note, 327. 
Northleya, Oxon, 115. 
North Osney, Oxford, 117, 203, 305, 

209, 210. 
North Tawton, Devon, 323. 
Norton, 65, 117. 
Nuneham Courtney, 31. 



Oddington, Oxon, 76, 

Offley, Herts, 285, 286. 

d'Oiley, Fee of, xvii, i. 

Okeham, 277. 

Okham, 219. 

Olave's, St., London, 277. 

* Old Crown,' the, Kidlington, 144. 

Oriel College, Oxford, 227. 

Orleton, Herefords., 160 note. 

Osney Abbey, xvii, i, 2, 3, 5,6, 14, 15, 16, 4 7, 

I9» 24, 33. 34, 36, 37, 39, 4°, 42 49» 

50, 90, 102, 109, 115. 118, 126, 177, /'^ 

178, 202, 209, 210, 307 note, 357. 

— See, Bishoprick of, 37, 104. 

— Lady Chapel at, 14, 17. 

— St. Michael's altar at, 6 note. 

' Osney Bells,' Kidlington, 61 note. 
Ottermead, 104. 
Ottingtoa, 40. 
Otyngdon, 41. 
Oudenarde, 270. 

* Overeyt,' Yamton, 263. 
Oxford, XX, 16, 47, 60, 63, 65, 66, 

76,83,90,92,93,99, "I, 1 2 

132, 159, l60, 165, 174, 22< 

226 note, 236, 245, 248, 25( 

265, 366, 372, 275, 282, 28i 

304, 305, 306, 307, 3Mi ZH 

356, 357- 
Oxford and Banbury Road, xvi. 
Oxford and Cambridge Road, 36 
Oxford Cathedral, 71. 
Oxford and Birmingham Canal, 

— G.W.Rly., 169. 

* Oxford way,* Kidlington, 172, 

* Oxford Close' and * Ox Close, 

ton, 338. 
Oxford See, Bishoprick of, 106, 
Oxfordshire, 16, 89, 160, 165, 15 

314, 353. 
' Oxhurst, Oxhay, Oxhey, Oxey, 

Yamton, 218, 232, 306, 30 

309. 312, 337, 338, 361- 
Oxonia, 313. 

Paddington, Middlesex, 82, 149. 

* Pady's Gap,* or * Sparrow Gai 

lington^ xvi note, 124, 151 nc 
map. 

* Page's Close,* Yamton, 312. 
Painswick, Glos., 357 and note. 
Palatine, the, 257. 

Palermo^ 200. 

^ParkFarm,* Kidlington, 2 note, i 
' Pam <?r Tabard Hall,' Oxford, 
' Parsonage Close/ Begbroke, 3; 

* Parsonage * Ground, Kidlingt< 

173. 

* Pater Noster,' Yamton, 230, 2 

314. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



376 



INDEX OF PLACES. 



Paul's Cathedral, St., 8a, 149, 313. 
Pavia, 29. 

Pembroke College, Oxford, 226 note. 
'Pepper Close, Kidlington, 77, and 

map, 201. 
Perth, 267. 
Peter's ad Vincnla, St., London, 64. 

— St., in the East, Oxford, ia8, 129, 

' Phelps' Headhmd,' Kidlmgton, 172. 
Piccaailly, London, 224. 
Piddington, Oxon, 11. 

* Pixie Mead,' Yamton, 204 note, 218, 

333, 3«>6, 307» 308, 309» 3"> 3"» 

315, 337*338, 351. 
Pont de I'Arche, Normandy, 37. 
Pontefract Castle, Yorkshire, 83, 149. 
Poole, Hants, 258. 
Port Meadow, Oxford, 230, 305. 
Portsmouth, 4, 257. 
Portstrete, xvi, 176. 
•Port Way.' xvL 

* Posted Close,' Kidlington, 137, and 

map. 
•Pound Lock,' Godstow, 315. 
' Prichman's Weir,* Kidlington, 50. 
Priors Limenton (Leamington), 257. 
•Piyor*s Forge,* Cutslow. 180. 

Queen's Cammel, Somersets., 258. 
Queen's College, Dublin, 80, 
Queen's College, Oxford, vi, 36 note, 76, 
78,80,81, 82,174,241. 

Railway and Station, Kidlington, xvi, 
77, 169, 366. 

— Yamton, 364. 

* Rambescote,' Kidlington, 19. 

* Ram Close,' Cutslow, 180. 

* Ram Close,' Begbroke, 337, 338. 
Ratley, Warwickshire, 100. 

' Raye's Headland,' Kidlington, 173. 

Reading, 256. 

Record Office, Public, London, 65. 

* Rectory Farm,' Kidlington, 33, 37, 39, 

40 note, 45, 46, 47, 48, 139, 167. 
Rectory, Yamton, 216, 217. 

* Redeslonde,' Kidlington, 19. 

* Red Lion,' the, Yamton, 314. 

* Renches,' Begbroke,' 350. 

Rewley Abbey, 'Locus Regalis,' xvii, 
205, 208, 209, 210, 211, 213, 214, 
220, 236, 137, 284, 336. 

* Ricardes Castell,' Hereford, 119 note. 
Ringwood, Hants, 289, 29a 
Rivaulx Abbey, Yorkshire, 212. 
Rochdale, Lancas., 225. 
Rochester, 257. 

* Roewell ' Brook, B^brokei 350, and 

map. 



Rollendrich, 206. 

Rolls Tavem, Chancery Lane, 357. 

Rome, 200. 

Rosehill, Iffley, 131. 

Rossdale, Yorkshire, 131. 

Rotherfield Greys, Oxon, 3, 165. 

Roth well, Northants, 257, 333. 

Rotterdam, 223. 

Rouen, 27, 286. 

'Round Castle,' Begbroke, xv-xrii, 

363* 3^7> a^d map. 
Round Ham. Kidlington, xvii, and map. 
' Round House,* Yamton, 280. 
Rousham, Oxon, 132 note, 306. 
Roydene, 256. 
Runnymede, 5. 
Russell's Court Chapel, London, 81. 

* Rutton,' the, Yamton, 316, and map. 
Rycote, Oxon, 61. 

Ryhope, Durham, 131. 
Ryswyck, 80, 82, 149. 

< Sackbridge,' Yamton, 281. 

'Salt Street,' Kidlington, xv, 19, 123, 

173, 174- 
Sandford-on-Thames, 68, no. 

* Sands Lane,' Begbroke, 337. 

* Sandy Furlong,' Kidlington, 1 73. 
Sarsden, Oxon, 121, 178, 179. 
Sarum, 3 note. 

Savecombe, Herts, 21. 

Sawbridgeworth, Herts, 90. 

Sea, the, 256. 

'Seed Lake,' ' Sydeslaksham,' 263, 281, 

and map, 
Senewell, 4. 

' Seijeant's Inn,' London, 97. 
School, Yamton, 223, 249, 250, 271. 
— Old, Kidlington, 162. 
Scipfort, 206. 
Scotland, 14, 15, at, 268. 
« Shaldestrete,' the 'Shelde,' Kidlington, 

19. 
'Sharpes,' the, Yamton, 311. 
Shenestone, Staffords., i. 
Sherbome, Shirbume, Oxon, 72, 119 

note. 
Shilwood, Worcester., 93. 
Shipton-on*Cherwell» xv, 19, 47, 61, 

145, 274, 280, 352. 
Shobury, diocese of London, 333. 
Shotover, Forest of, 103 note. 
Showell, Oxon, 352. 

* Six Bells,' the * Bellys,' KidUngton, 
61 and note, 62. 



• Yamton, 314. 

e, Ki. 

map. 



Slad,' the, Kidlington, 124, and 



— Shipton and Hardwick, Kidlington, 
I7a» 173. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC f 



INDEX OF PLACES. 



377 



Slougham, Sussex, 98 note. 

' Smytheford/ Yarnton, 314. 

Sodbury, Glos., 327. 

Somerset Honse, London, 324. 

Somerton, Oxon, 65, 324. 

Sopworth, Wilts., 227. 

Souldem, Oxon, Sulthorne, 26, 39 note, 

119 note, 178, 247 note, 337. 
Sonth Clifton, Northants, 258. 
Sonth Leigh, Oxon, 352. 
Sonth Maling, Lewes, 257. 
Sonthrop, Oxon, 345, 349. 
Sonth's School, Islip, 181. 
Southwark, The King's Court at, 308. 
Spaldwick, Hunts, 41. 
'Sparswey,* Water £aton, i, 3, 103, 

and map. 
Spencer's, Sir Thomas, Park, Yamton, 

363,387,315,364. 
Spencer's Aisle or Chapel, Yamton 

church, 235, 386, 388, 393 to 395, 399. 
Spoleto, Italy, 360. 

* Springhairs headland,' Kidlington, 

173. 
•Squab Hall,' Headington, 131 note. 

* SUdfold' Hill, Field and Lane, 173. 
Staffordshire, 90, 335. 

Stainbank Foundry, London, 54 note. 

Standford, 3 note. 

*Standhill,' Kidlington, 173. 

Standlake, Oxon, 69, 364. 

Stanton, Warwickshire, 75. 

Stanton Harcourt, Oxon, 138, 353. 

Stanton St. John, Oxon, 76. 

•Staple Furlong,' Kidlington, 173, 174. 

'Star Hotel,' Oxford, 138. 

Steeple Aston, Oxon, 13 t and note. 

— Barton, Oxon, I3i note, 133. 

— Cleydon, Bucks, 31. 

— Langford, Wilts., 337. 
•Stodiield,' Kidlington, 19. 
Stodley, Oxon, 305. 

— (Studley) Priory, 333 note, 334, 350. 
Stoke (battle of), 39, 130. 

— Bedfords. 358. 

— Nayland, Suffolk, 257. 
Stoklisle, Oxon, 33. 
Stone, Bucks, 40. 

* Stone Pitt.' Kidlington, 174. 
Stonesfield, ' Stunsfield,' Oxon, xvi, 317, 

367. 
Stone's HospiUl, Oxford, 138. 
Stonldgh, Warwidu., 337, 387. 
Stow, Lincolns., 306. 
Stowe, Bucks, 107. 
' Stoweham,* Yamton, 363. 
Stow-in-the-Wold, Glos., 307. 
'Stratfield,' Kidlington, 40, 364; see 

also Stodfield, and map. 
' — Lane/ xv, xvi, 135, and map. 



Stratford-on-Avon, 358. 
Stretton (Audley), Oxon, 8, 31. 
Strensham, Worcesters., 387, 293, 396. 
'Strize Hedge,' Kidlington, 173. 
' Stubelfurlong,' Yamton, 263. 
Sudeley Castle, Glos., 69, 94, 95, 96. 
Sulgrave School, 53 note. 
Summertown,Oxford, 131 note,i52, 176. 
Sussex, 302 note. 
Swabey, Lincolns., 336 note. 
Swalciiffe, Salclif, Oxon, 333. 
Swarford, Swerford, Oxon, 4, 75, 79 

note, 333, 349. 
Switzerland, 357. 
Sydney College, Cambridge, 93. 

Tackley, Oxon, xv, 35, 47, 68, 153. 

Tawton, Surrey, 333. 

Teale, Surrey, 357. 

Tecs, The, 99. 

Temple Church, London, 97, 147. 

— The, London, 313. 

Tetbury, Glos., 343, 344 note, 254 
note. 

Tetsworth, Oxon, 144. 

Tew, Little, Oxon, 45, 46. 

Thame, Oxon, 61, 106, 309, 210, 313. 

Thames, The, xv, 315, 346. 

Thoraldesham, 104. 

Thrap, Thorpe, Throp, xvlii,8. 17, 19, 26, 
39* 35» 45. 45note,48, 49, 56, 59, 115- 
134, 137, 151, 152, 165, 168, 169 note, 

170, 173, 173, 174, 175, 201, 302, 

304, 353, 375, 390 note, 344, 351. 
Tihedy, Cornwall, 301. 
'Tithe Acre,' Thrap, 174. 
Tixall, Staffordshire, 387. 

* Torbay House,' Devons., 141. 
'Tower Hill,' Kidlington, 166. 
Tower of London, 38, 39, 61, 95, 128, 

386. 

* Town Moor,' Kidlington, 93, and map. 
Training College, Kidlington, 168. 
Trayne or Trewin, Train, Devons., 339, 

313. 
' Trigg's Lane,' Yamton, 306. 
' Trilliwelle,* Cutslow, 176. 
Tring, 356. 

Trinity College, Oxford, 133, 336. 
Tuddington, 113 note. 
•Tulcott,' Kidlington, 174. 
Tunbridge Wells, 324. 
Tusmore, Ozon, 131. 
' Tustain's or Posted Close,' Kidlington, 

137, and map. 
'Tydals, Tythals or Tidalls,' Yamton, 

308, 309 note. 

Ufferton, alias OulKton,Warwicks., 334. 
University of Oxford, v, 37, 92, 106, 351. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



378 



INDEX OF PLACES. 



University of Cambridge, 37. 
UniversitT College, Oidord, a a a, a 38. 
Uphall, Herts, 147. 
' Upper Clay,* Begbroke, 338. 
Upton Greys, Hants, 81. 
Utrecht, ayo. 

Vale Crucis Abbey, 6a. 

Vicarage Honse, Kidlington, 40, 136. 

— Yamton, aai, aaa, aa8, 315, 316. 

* Vicaridge Bush/ Kidlington, 173. 
Virginie, 356. 

Wadham College, Oxford, 88 note, iia 
note, 113, 335. 336, 348 note, 363. 

Walexave. Northants, 385. 

Wallery St., Honour of, xvii, 115, 116, 
117, 118, 301, 303, 303, 308. 

Wallingford, 356. 

— Honour of, xvii, 8, 9, 39, 115, 118, 
119, 30I, 303. 

Waningford, 3 note. 

"Wappinge, Middlesex, 357. 

Warter, Yorkshire, 357. 

Warwick, 3 note, 9, 257, 359. 

Water Eaton, Etone, Eton, Ethon, 
Wattar Yton, xv, xvi, xviii, i , 3, 3, 14, 
15, 17, 18, 30, 35, 31, 34, 37, 38, 43, 
47» 5o> ^i> 102-108, 110, III, 113, 
125, 126, 137, 165, 169 note, 170, 171, 
175» I7<^> 178, 180, 347, 379, 287, 
299>3o8 3i5»35i.357, 3^2. 

* Watery Furlong,' Kidlington, 1 73. 
Watlington, 104 note. 

Wedon in the Streat, 357. 

Wenrigg, 333. 

Wescot Barton, 156 note. 

'West Mead,' Yamton, 218, 332, 307, 

309» 313, 337» 338. 
Westminster, 13, 66, 73, 336, 330 note, 

268, 304. 
Weston-on-the-Green, 3, 4, 6, 14, 1 7, 353. 
WestThurrock, Essex, 258. 

* Weymore,' Yamton, 363. 
Whateley, Oxon, 128, 174. 

* Wheatington Field,^ Kidlington, 173. 
White Friars, Oxford, 62. 
Whitehall, London, 388. 
WhitehUl, or Withull, WythuU. Oxon, 

i9»47. 5'»"5» 153. 
Wickham, 336. 
Wiggington, Oxon, I3i note. 
Wightham or Wytham, Berks., 69, 70, 

160, 166. 
Wighton, Yorkshire, 357. 
Wilcot, Oxon, 353. 

* Willy Mead,' Cutslow, 179, see Wyn- 

leshull. 
Wilton, 3 note, 5 note. 
Wiltshire, 17. 



Winchester, 307, 330 note. 

* Windmill ' Farm and Field, Yamton, 

230, 249, 370, 395. 
Windsor Castle, 141. 
Wingfield, Suffolk) 29, 31. 
Winsloe, Bucks, 356. 
« Winter Well,* KidUngton, 173. 
Winwick, Northants, 41. 
Wishwood, Warwicks., 393. 
Witchcombe, Devons., 358. 
Witney, 4 note, 61, 69, 139, 163, 3x8, 

338, 343, 358, 369. 
Wittenham, Berks., 11, 30, 44. 
W^okingham, 356. 
Wolde, Northants, 31. 
Wolvercote, 13 note, 69, 109, iii, 179, 

180, 181, 333, 259, 279, 280, 305, 
308, 3", 316, 357. 

Wood Eaton, Wodeton, 38, 103, 105, 
III, 116, 131 note, 310, 327, 335. 

Woodstock, 3, 4, 22, 26, 32 and note, 
54 note, 66, 69, 70, 76, 77, 90, 95, 
III, 112, 113 note, 116, 125, 129, 
141, 159, i6a, 163, 165, 169, 175, 

181, 206, 310, 311, 340, 252, 256, 
366, 367, 368, 370, 374 note, 381, 
388, 290 and note, 291, 292, 305, 306, 

307» 314, 340» 344» 345, 353, 355. 

* Woodway,' Kidlington, 173. 
Wootten Basset, Wats., 131. 
Wootten, Wotton, Oxon, 2 note, 7, 136, 

302, 303, 210, 356, 333, 338, 340, 352. 
Worcester, 94, 06, 105. 
W. and Wolverhampton Rly., 364. 
'Workhouse,* Kidlington, 36 note, 163, 

163, 168, 169 and note, and fhap. 
Wormegey, Norfolk, 33 and note. 
Wormleighton, 395, 301. 
Womall, Worminghall, Bucks, 144, 145. 
Worton, Oxon, 103, 310, 337, 352. 
Wretcwick, Oxon, 8. 

* Wroghtehey,* Yamton, 363. 
Wroxton Abbey, 336. 

* Wyatt's Malt House Close,' Kidling- 

ton, 139. 
Wydindon, 116. 
Wyneleshull, Wyneslad, Cutslow {set 

Willymead), 176. 

* Wyreshey,' Yamton, 363. 

* Wytenhale,' Yamton, 363. 

Yamton, CErdington, Ardingtona, Erd- 
ington, Hardinton, Herdington, Ear> 
dungtun, Yardington, Yarrington — , 
V, xvi. History of, 199-319, 336, 
330, 331, 333 note, 335 and note, 
344, 347, 351, 352, 363, 365,366, 368. 

Yaxley, Hunts, 358 and note. 

Vermuth, 356. 

York, 66, 257, 359. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



INDEX OF PERSONS 



Abberbury, Sir John dc, 337. 
Abberbnry, Sir Richard dje, 118, 119 

note. 
Abbot, William, 214. 
Abingdon, the Abbot of, 104. 

— or Abendon, Lord, 248, 269. 
Abrincis, Roland d'. Lord of Folkestone, 

326. 
Adam de Assheby Canonicorum, Rector 

ofBegbroke, 333. 
Adam, John, son and Juliana relict of, 

Yamton, 204. 
Adam, * The Palmer,' of Yamton, 1 1 7. 
Adams, *• Index Villamm,' 256. 
Adderly, Anne, 274. 
Adrian, 4th Pope, i note, 212. 
Agmondesham, W. de, 24 note. 
Ainsworth's Tower of London, 61 . 
Aisgill, Dr. Joshua, and his wife, 348. 
Alderton, Ann, 344. 
Aldridge, Mr. Thos. and Bennet, 247. 
Aldswell, Sir Jordan, of Wydindon, 

116. 
Alen, Thomas, of Begbroke, his will, 

336. 
Alexander, 3rd Pope, 212. 

— Bishop of Lincoln, i. 
Alice of Cogges, 117. 

— Relict of John and A^ Relict of 
Simon of Thmp, 117. 

Allen, fJEonily of, and Job A. of Kidling- 
ton, 167 note. 

— Walter, 172, 173, 174. 

— Widow, 164. 

— John, 362. 

Allington, Sir Giles, of Horseth, Camb., 

287. 
* All Souls,' Warden and College of, 

227, 229, 234. 
Allwynne, Robert, 117. 
Almonde or Almont, a tailor, 76, 132. 
Almont, Family of Kidlington, 132. 
Almont or Almonde, Pedigree of, 133. 



Almont or Almonde, family o^ 49, 75. 

— Elizabeth, 133. 

— James, 132, 138. 

— Roger, 100, 132, 134, 148, 161, 171, 

'74- 

— his WiU and Charity, 138. 

— Ursula, 132. 

— Tombs in Kidlington Church, 155. 
Alnwick, Bishop of Lincoln, 253 note, 

334. 
Alured, the 'Clerk,' 177. 
Amand St., Richard Lord, 21 note. 

— arms of Beauchamp, 57. 
Amunderille, family of, 326. 

— Richard and Joslin d*, 203. 

— Maud, heiress of Nigel, 326. 
Andrew, William, 13. 
Andrews, John, of Begbroke, 337. 
Andrews, Richard and Ursula of Cuts- 
low, 178, 170. 

— Richard of Hales, Glos., 178 note. 

— Richard of Yamton, 211, 2x4, 215, 
216, 217. 

— Thomas of Yamton, 218. 

— Mr. Thomas of Cardiff^ 344. 

— William of Kidlington, IuIb will, 44. 
Angulo, Margeria in, 204. 

Anne, Queen, 229 note, 256, 269. 

* Anne's, Queen, Bounty/ Commissioners 

of, 222. 
Anne, Countess of March and Ulster, 

30. 
Anne Plantagenet, Duchess of Norfolk, 

30. 
Annelowe, Wymarc and John d*, 13. 
Annesley, Margaret, of Comwell, 25, 
Aparre, Williajm, 334. 
Applebe . . . , a Brazier, 141. 
Aress, Mr., of Kidlington, 243. 
Arragon, arms of Queen Kath. of, 241. 
Arrowsmith, Rev. Mr., Kidlington, 167 

note. 
Arundel, Earl of, 286, 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



38o 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



Atapb, St| Dr. Short, Bp. of, 330, and 

note. 
Ashbrook, Visconnteis, 295. 
Ashton, Ellis, B.D., Rector of B^broke, 

3.^6, 339- 
Aatley, Sir Bernard, 305. 

— Sir Jacob, 68, 305. 

Aston, Bartholomew, bellfoonder, 54. 

— Sir Edward of Tixall, 287. 
Athelard, Richard, 204. 

Atkins, Christopher, of Kidlington, 63. 

— History of Gloucestershire, 89. 
Atkinson, Lawrence, 33. 

— Richard, Mayor of Oxford, 178. 
Aubrey, John, and Matilda his wife, 

338. 

— Nicholas, 260, 262 (Yamton). 

— Thomas, 131. 

Aodle or Audley, William and Johanna, 
21. 

— arms of, 55. 
Auger, Richard, 75. 

Austin, Rev. John, 49, 133, 134, 138. 

— William, 133. 

— Mrs., 133 note. 

— Tombs of family in Kidlington 
Church, 155. 

Ayleard, Edmund, 41. 
Aylmer, Earl of Cornwall, 199, 205. 
Ay Ion, William, 13. 
Aylworth, Mrs. Mary, 296. 
Ayres, John of Kidlington, Charity of, 
136. 

Babbington, Sir William, of Kiddington, 
120, 285 note. 

— Elizabeth, 120, and 285 note. 

— Mr. Edward and Margaret, 285. 
Bacon, Nathaniel and Edward, 74. 
Bale, Mr., Parson of Honiton, 44. 
Bales, Robert, 346. 

Ball, John, of Cassington, 223. 
Balleine, Rev. J. A., Vicar of Yamton, 
^t 338, 309 note. 

— George, 228. 
Balun, John de, 11 note. 
Bancroft, Bishop of Oxford, 106, 107. 
Banister . . . , of Cutslow, 180. 
Banks, John, of Water Eaton, 113. 
Bardolf family, 22, 27. 

— Lord, of Wormegcy, 22. 

— Amida and Robert, 22. 
Barefoot, Thomas, 139. 
Baret, Margaret, her will, 43. 
Barlow, William, 275. 
Bamarde, William, 214. 
Barnes, Joseph, 234. 
Barney, Joseph and Lydia, 86. 

— arms of, 150. 
Barret, Henry, 50. 



Barthon, Rural Dean of, 219. 
Barthonia, William de, Rector of B^- 

broke, 333. 
Basford . . . , 374. 
Baskerville, Walter de, 11 note. 
Basse, John, 303. 
Basset, Pedigree of, 10. 

— arms of, 7, 10, 57, 300. 

— £eimily of, 8. 

— Thomas, Sheriff of Oxon, 16, 307. 

— Sir Francis of Tihedy and Elir. his 
wife, 393, 394. 

Batchelor, Thomas, 64. 

Bate, Walter, Vicar of Yamton, 330. 

Bateman, Mrs. Mary, 143. 

Bath and WeUs, Bishop of (Dr. Kidder), 

343. 
Bathurst, Dr., 133. 
Baxter . . . , 166. 

— William, a printer, 153. 
Bayeux, Bishop of, 199, 300. 
Bayliss. .. ,3i*» 35o« 
Bayning, Paul Viscount, 180 note. 
Beaucbamp, arms of 55, 57. 

— crest of, 58. 

Beaufort, Bishop of Lincoln, 333. 
Beche, William de la, 31. 

— arms of, 33, 56. 

Beckley, Lord of (Roger dlvry), 301. 
Bekebroc, Rosa and William de, 336. 
Bellinger, Mr., 163. 

— John, 164, 174. 

— Adam, 174. 

Bellingham, J. G., Rector of Begbroke, 

336- 
Bello Campo, Walter de, ii note. 
Benedict, St (reference to rule of), 3 13. 
Bentley . . . , 76. 
Bereford {or Beresford) John de, Mayor 

of Oxford, and arms, 57. 
Berewyk, Richard, Vicar of Yamton, 

319. 
Berker, Robert le, 322, 323. 
Berry, Mr., of Hampton (Siy, 61. 

— John and Thomas, of Water Eaton, 
105 and note. 

Betel or Biddle, wife of, 164. 

Betterton . . . , 76. 

Bety, Mr., 159. 

Beverley, John, 22. 

Biggar, Isaac, 254. 

Blackstone, Sir William, 259. 

Bladene, A£nes and Richard de, 322. 

Blagge, Colonel, 305. 

Blakeman • . . , 75. 

Blay, Elizabeth, 87. 

Bleys, William de, Bidiop of Lincoln, 

207. 
Bloet, Robert, Bishop of Lincoln, 206. 
Blokle, John de. Vicar of Yamton, 219. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



381 



Blomfield, Mr., 65. 
Blonnt, Mr. Thomas, 160. 

— Miles, 160 note. 
Blonde, Matilda la, aoj. 
Blundell, pedigree of, 73. 

— anns of, 73 note. 

— John, 73, 75. 

— £eunily of, 76. 

— Sisters, 90. 

Blunt, George, Vicar of Yamton, a a a. 

Boase, Rev. C. W., v. 

Bodde, Richard, 1$. 

Bohnn, Maud, a. 

Boiles, Mary, 159. 

Bokeland, John, Abbot of Osney, 118. 

BoUe, Colonel, 347, 375. 

Bond. John, 344. 

Bonde, Jane and Richard, 374 note. 

Bonner, John and son, 75. 

Bonserjant, John, 204. 

Bonville, Henry Grey, Baron, 3a note. 

Borne, Anthony, 178. 

Bosworth, Elizabeth, 91. 

Bonchier, Hugh de, 37. 

— Dr., 80, 81,351. 

— James, 80, 86, 150. 

— Miss, 86. 

— Elizabeth, 81, 150, 155. 

— arms of, 150. 
Bonme, Frands, lai, 13a. 

— Stmges — , Richard and William, 

133. 

Boutetort, arms of, 55. 
Bovet, Thomas, 36. 
Boveton, Matilda, 117. 
Bovetone, Alicia, 303. 

— William, 33 a. 

Bowdery, William, Vicar of Yamton, 

aa6. 
Bowyer, Margaret, 387. 

— arms of, 399, 300, 303, 303. 
Box, John, 363. 

— Henry, Rector of Begbroke, 333. 
Brace, Thomas, 108. 

Bradford, Richard and George, 135. 

— John and Richard, and tombs of 
family, 151. 

Bradley, Benedict, 375. 
Bradshaw, Richard, 61. 
Bradstone, John, Vicar of Kidlington, 

41. 
Brain, Mr. William, 133 note, 330. 
Brainthwaite, Richard, 317, 345, a88, 

389, 290, 393. 

— Margaret, 293. 

— arms of, 290 note, 303. 
Bramley, Sir Thomas, Ld. Chan., 331. 
Brandon, Charles, Dnke of Suffolk, 35, 

31, 3a and note. 

— arms of (?), 57. 



Brasenose College, Pnndpal and Fel- 
lows of, 75, 330, 335, 336. 
Breadwater, Thomas, 344. 
Brecknock, Archdeacon of, 83. 
Brent, Pedigree and arms of, 123. 

— Robert, lao, 133, 173, 390 note. 

— Roger, lao, lai, and note, 123. 

Fellow of Merton, I30. 

Rector of St. Toll's, 358. 

— Nathaniel, Warden of Merton, 133. 

— family, 80, 130, 351. 

— Tombstones of family and arms, 

Brentford, Earl of, 305. 

Brereton, Henry, Vicar of Yamton, 226. 

Breton, John le, 15 note. 

Brett, H!., ioi. 

Brid, Hugh and Cecil, 303. 

— Walter, 311. 
Brimsfield, Lord of, 334. 
Bristow, John, tomb of, 345, 

— Abraham, 346. 
Britolio, Roger de, 331. 
Britton, Ralph, a. 
Broad, Jonathan, 159. 
Broadwood, John, 77. 
Brocks, Mary, 360. 
Brodethurst, George, 214 note. 
Brookes, Richard, a66. 
Brooks, ... 314. 

— Joseph, 318. 
Broughton, William de, 117. 

— Walter de, or Brouthon, Vicar of 
Yamton, 319. 

Browne, Sir John, 116. 

— Colonel, 69, 359. 
Browne, David, 357. 
Brown, John, 117. 

— Judith, 159. 

— Mr., 100 note. 

— ... 137. 

— Anne, wife of the Duke of Suffolk, 

31- 
Brownricke, Thomas, 76. 
Bmn, John, 117, ao3, 303. 

— Nicholas le, 13 note. 
Bnckhurst, Thomas, Lord, 387. 
Buckingham, family of, 156 note. 

— Bishop of Lincoln, 333. 
Budd, Henry, 13. 
Bugge, Osbert, 304. 

Bull, John, bellfounder, 54. 

BuUey, William, 83, 174, 175, 214 note. 

Bunce, William and Anne, tomb of, 145. 

Bnrdett, Sir Francis, 180. 

Burgen, Richard, 158. 

Burghers, Michael, engraver, 317 note. 

Burghwash or Burghersh, arms o^ 26, 

55. 5^» 355- 

— Bishop of Lincoln, 17, 161 note, 333. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



38a 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



Bnrghwashy Mand de, and her estates, 

30, a^ 
Bargoyne, Richard, 93 note, 100. 
Burle, Robeit, a66. 
Bnm, Richard, aaa. 
Bums, Charles, 356^ 
Bonett, William, Rector of Bcgbroke, 

333- 
Borrows, Richard and Anne, 374 note. 
Barton, Galfridns de, i a note. 
Bnry, Edmmid and Jane, 35. 
Bnrye, William, merdiant of Calais, 104, 

106, 107, no. 
Bush, John, 174. 
Bushel, T., a68. 

Boshnell, George, sen. and jiin^ 360. 
Bosshell, Sir William, Vicar of Kid- 

lington, 41. 
Bnstutl, Anne, 160 note. 
Boswell, Robert, 83. 

— tomb of, 157. 
Butler, William, 175. 

— tomb o^ 151. 

— James, 161. 

Byby, Henry, Vicar of Kidlington, 41. 

Cakebred, Alice, 375. 

Calevis, Petro de, 13 note. 

Calvcrlcy, Sir George, 331. 

Cama, Agnes and Henry, 19. 

Campion, John, 18. 

Camyille, Richard and Eustace, 8, 10. 

Cantelnpe, William de, 5, 6, 11. 

— St Thomas de, and Thomas the 
Chancellor, 5. 

— Lady Matilda de, 6. 

— arms of, 57. 

Canterbury, Archbishop of, 3. 
Cantwell, Elizabeth, 344. 

Car, Marcus, Vicar of Yamton, 330. 
Carbonel, John, 1 2 note. 
Carcutari, Adam, 13. 
Carlisle, Bishop of, 11. 
Caroline, Queen, 81, 83. 
Carpenter, Nicholas le, 303. 
Carter ... of Grossmead, 338. 

— widow and Richard, 331. 

— Blacknall and Ann, tombs of, 153. 

— Rev. Richard, wife and child, 376. 
Cartington, Cnthbert, 376. 

Cash, George, 375. 

Cauch, William de, 7. 

Cave, William, 173. 

Cavendish, Edward and Elizabeth, 376. 

Cecil . . . 314. 

— Thomas, 363. 

Celle, John, Rector of Begbroke, 333. 
Cha, Walter, of Water Eaton, 113. 
Chamberlain, Thomas, 36. 

— Christian, I30. 



Chamberlain, John, 45 and note, 119. 

— John and Elizabeth, of Godstow, 
178. 

— John, of Banbury, 308 note. 

— Edward and Mary, 374 note. 

— Sir Edward and Leonard, 33, 73, 
1 19 note. 

— crest of, 58. 

Champne3rs, Theodora and Richard, 

74. 
Chandos, Lord, 94. 
Chaplain, The, of Kidlington, 34 note, 

35- 
Chapman, Mrs., 131 note. 

— Juliana, 304. 
Chard, widow, 363. 

Charles I, 66, 67, 83, 94, in, 333, 

n^y 305, 306. 

— and Henrietta Maria, his wife, 367, 
368, 376, 390. 

— n, 329 note, 353, 357 note, 369, 292. 

— Prince, 355, 305. 

— Mrs. Jane, 375. 

Charlette, Richaurd Bourne — , i3i note, 

133,174. 
Charlton-on-Otmoor, Rector of, 83. 
Chaucer, Geoffrey, 26, 354, 355. 

— Alice, Duchess of Suffolk, 25, 27, 
39. 58, 328, 355 

— Thomas, 3o, 32, 37 and note, 115, 
119 note, 338, 355. 

— John, 354. 

— Maud or Matilda, 37 note, 328. 

— estates of, 39. 

— arms used by, 36, 56, 76 note, 355. 
Chaumbre, Richard de la, 18. 
Chaunter, Robert, 113. 

Chesney, Robert de. Bishop of Lincoln, 

306. 
Chesterton, Sir Bardolf de, 15. 
Chetwode, family of, 324. 

— Sir Nicholas, 330. 

— John, 330, 333. 

— Sir Thomas, 330, 333, 334. 

— Elizabeth, Lady Wodhull, 330. 

— Richard and Agnes, 331. 

— arms of, 339. 

Chilmead, John, and daughter, 374. 
Christchurch, Dean and. Canons of, 176. 
Christopher St, reference to, 34 1. 
Church, Sam, 363. 
Churchill, Lord Alan, 349. 

— Henry, 73 note. 

Cistercians, Order of the, 205, 309, 

ai2, 353. 
Claidon, Gerry, 360. 
Clappe, Agnes, 13. 
Clare, arms of, 340. 
Clarence, George, Duke ofi 58. 
Clarke, Richard, 36a 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



3^3 



Clarkson, Mr., 347. 
Claydon, Thos., 1 10. 

— or Clazton, Thomas, wife and 
daughter, 274. 

— Mrs., 246. 

Clerid, Agnes, Relict of, 204. 
Clerk, * The, of Baptism,' 35. 
Clerk, John, 333. 
Clerke, John and Henry, 178. 

— Ardideacon, 53. 

— Dr. George, lX.D., his will, 229. 

— . . . , 293. 

— Mr., 276. 

Cleveland, Lord and Anne, his daughter, 

III, 112 note. 
Clifford, Sir Lewis and Eleanor, 22. 

— John, 326. 

— Lord and Rosamund (portraits of), 

85. 

Coaley, Mrs. Deborah, 92. 

Coasin, William, 243. 

Coates, Robert Trotman, Vicar of Yam- 
ton, 227. 

— Robert, 227. 

Cockin of Begbroke, 311 note. 

— Jane and William, 350. 

— Tomb in Begbroke Church, 341. 

— Extracts from Remster, 345. 
Cocks, William and John, 214. 

— Mr., 315. 
Cocus, John, 13. 

— MatUiew, 204. 

Coggings of Begbroke, 311 note. 

Cole. Richard, 322. 

Cole 8 Map of Port Meadow, 230. 

Colin, Elizabeth, 275, 312. 

Colles or Collys, John, Vicar of Kid- 

lington, 41. 
Colstone, Wm., Rector of St. Aldate's, 

Oxford, 333. 
Colville, Sir Thomas and wife, 293. 
Combes, Mr., 135, 14a 
Commissioners for Domesday Survey, 

205. 

— for Poor Law, 280. 

— for * King's College,' Oxfoid, 178. 

— for Charities, 164. 

— for Componnding, 121. 

— for Highways, 283. 

— for Tithes, 338. 

— Parliamentary, lao, 179, 220, 223. 

— University, 355. 

Compton, Henry, Lord and Lady, 287. 
Comyn, *The Red,* and family, 21. 

— Euphemia, 21. 

— arms of, 23. 

Conant. Dr. John, 74, 77, 79, 140, 159, 
162, 356. 

— Edward, 356. 

— Madam, 36 note, 63, 79, 136, 356. 



Conant, 'Charity,' 139. 

— Roger, 79 note. 

— Fred. Odell, 79 note, 356. 

— family of, 356. 

— tomb of Dr. and Madam, 148, 
149. 

— arms of, 78, 148, 
Constable, Thomas, 344. 
Conybeare, Mary Davies, widow of 

J. J., 230 note. 
Convers, Margaret, 99. 
Cook, William and Jane, 93, 159. 
Cooke, Dr. John, Rector of Begbroke, 

327> 335» 338, 34a, 347- 

— Dr. Thomas, Rector of Begbroke, 

335, 343, 343- 
Cooper, Mr., 279. 

— John, 76, 174, 314 note, 312, 314 
note. 

— Benjamin, Registrar of the Univer- 
sity* 334. 

Corbett, Simon, 223. 

Cordall, Anne, 74. 

Cornwall, Aylmer, Earl of, 199, 205. 

— Richard, Earl of, 9, 109, 115, 117, 
aoi, 202, 203, 204, 305, 208, 307 
note. 

— Edmund, Earl of, 202, 203, 204, 
205, 208, 209, 211, 213. 

— Margaret, his wife, 203. 
Cote, Richard de, 203. 
Cotes, John and Philip de, 204. 
Cotton, Anne, 296. 
Cottysford, Anne, 62. 
Couling . . . , 279. 

— John, 362. 
Coupe, Radulph le, 13. 

Coventrie, Mr. Richard and widow, 

275. 

— Vincent, Rector of Begbroke, and 
family, 332, 334, 337» 34i- 

Cox, Dr. Richard, Dean of Christ 
Church. 50. 

— John, 260. 

Coxhed or Cockshead, Henry and 
Oliver, 178. 

— John, 178, 179. 
Cozier, William, 54. 

— Elizabeth, 344. 

— tombs of family of, 152. 

Creuker or Crevecceur, Hamon de, 
326. 

— Robert de, and family of, 327. 
Criche, Crutch, Church, Samuel, 244, 

261, 263. 
Criplett, Richard, 275. 
Crips, Walter, 322. 
Croke of Studley, family of, 324, 350. 
Croker, John, 75 (Crooker), 104. 

— Sir Cfcrard and Mary, 73, 75. 



Digitized by LjOOQ ICj 



3*4 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



Cromwell, Thomas, sect., 31, 44, 61, 
104, 178. 

— Oliver, Protector, 69, 357 note. 
Cross, Anthony, 344, 361. 

— Augustine, Priest, 44. 
Crofsley, Alexander, 75. 

Croston, or Croxton, Edmmid, Vicar of 

Kidlington, 41, 43. 
Croxed, ae Idonea and Walter, 9. 
Croxford, £unily of, 33, 24, 35. 

— arms of, 33, 56. 

— crest of, 35. 

— Gilbert de, or Crokeiford, 327. 

— John, 19, 33, 34. 

— Robert, 34, 35, 36. 

— Robert and Johanna, 35, 56. 

— Idonea, 9, 34 note. 

— Walter, 9, 34 note, 109, 310. 

— Alson, 35, 38. 
CadelintoQ, William de, 19. 

— Thomas de, Abbot of Osney, 17, 59, 

I03. 

Cudlyngton, William de, Vicar of Yam- 
ton, 319, 336, 340 note. 

— Daniel de, 14. 

— John and Thomas de, 34 note. 
Cuel, Margaret, 344. 

Combroc, Henry de. Rector of B^- 

broke, 333. 
Capper, John and Judith, and arms, 

156. 
' Curate, The,* of Kidlington, 36, 53. 
Curtis^ Mr., 159. 

Dalderby, Bishop of Lincoln, 319. 
Dalison, Sir Maximilian and wife, 393, 

396. 
Danyell, John, Cnrate of Kidlington, 

43- 
Darrell, Paul, 334. 
Dashwood, Sir Henry Watldns, 337, 

310. 

— Mr. Robert, 338. 

— Sir Robert, 331, 326, 393, 330, 

as.*). 

— Sir James, 165, 313, 335. 

— Dorothy, Lady, 336, 335. 

— Sir Hennr, 331 note. 

— family o^ 230, 330, 350. 
Dauncey, Mr., 332. 
Davenport, T., Esq., 18 note, 54. 
Davers, John, 333. 

David's, St, Canon of, 83. 
Davies, John, 313. 
Davis, Mary, Mrs., 330 note. 
Davit, Godfrid, 303. 
Dawkins, Mr. W. B., 363. 
Dawnse, Sir John, 61. 
Dawson, Thos., 54. 
Day, Anthony, 344 note. 



Dayle, William, 215. 

Dayman, Mr., 331, 356. 

Deane, Ralph, 375. 

Deene, Mike, 343. 

Denet, John, 34 note, 43, 50, 104, 

178. 
Denthor or Tydder, Geoffrey, Rector 

of B^broke, 334. 
Denton, a child, 378. 
Derbie, Ferdinando, Earl ot 387. 
Despencer, John, 386. 

— Robert, 395. 

— fiunily of, 118. 
Deverelle, Alice, 386. 

— arms of, 399, 303, 303. 
Dew, Joyce and Nichola^ 396. 

— Mary, 344. 

— John, 174, 338. 

Dewe alias Sadler, Arthur and John, 

376, 377. 
Dickenson, family and tombs of, 

155. 
Dighton . . . engraver, 348. 
Dinglee, Mathew, 263. 
Dison, John, 63. 

— Lewis, 173. 
Dive, John, 334. 
Dixon, Henry, 338. 
Dobbs, Mr., 363. 
Dobson, Mr., 132. 

Dodd, or Dods, George, 375. 

— John, 53 note, 64, 135, 174. 
-- William, 135, 139, 173. 

— Anne, Elizabeth, Richard, 64. 

— family o^ 155. 

— Richard, 173. 

Dods worth, Margaret, 114. 

Dodwell, family o^ 133. 

Doe, Philip, 260, 

Doitby, Richard, 113. 

Donnington, arms of, 303. 

Donynton, Henry de. Rector of Beg- 

broke, 333. 
Dormer, John, 393, 398. 

— John, son of above, 393, 398. 

— Michael, 75. 

— Katherine, 292-298. 

— Judge, 293. 

— arms of, 301. 

Dowcra, Thos., last Prior of *The 

Hospital,' 50, 126. 
Downes, Geoi^, Rector of Begbroke, 

336. 

— William, 336. 
Drane, Jane, 275, 
Drax, Henry, 113. 

Dreux, Robert, Earl of, and Annora 

his wife, 303, 308. 
Druet, Catherine and John, 379. 
Dryden, publisher, 1 13 note. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



385 



Dryden, Sir H.,* 365. 

Di^las . . , 243. 

Dun, Wil., 203. 

Dunchville, Walter de, 11 note. 

Dtinkerkers, 257. 

Dunsby, Thomas, 313. 

— family, 315. 

Dnnster, Thomas, Rector of Begbroke, 

33c, 
— - William, 335. 
Dnrant, John, 223. 

— and family of, 284, 285. 
Dorbridge, William, 242, 287 note. 

— Mary, 273. 
Duval, Claud, 96. 

£., Brother, Canon, 360. 

Ei^le, Mr., 122. 

Earl Marshal, also Deputy, 89. 

East's child, 282. 

Eeley, John, 312. 

Edinbro', Provost of, 268. 

Edward I, 14, 15. 

Edward II, 118. 

Edward m, 7, 18, 26, 103. 

Edward IV, 29, 30, 31. 

Edward VI, 37, 45, 46, 106, 216, 

286. 
Edward, The Black Prince, 253. 
Edwards, Maister, 276. 
Egerton, Sir Thomas, 287. 
Ecstreeye, Geoffrey, 322. 
Eldrington, Edward, 287. 
Elizabeth, Queen, 39/ 46, 216, 231, 286, 

287. 

— arms o^ 298. 

— Princess, 128. 

Ellis, Daniel, tomb of, 151. 
Elmerugge, Pedigree of, 23. 

— arms of, 23, 55, 56, 58. 

— crest, 58. 

— Sir Roger, 20, 21, 26. 

— Elizabeth, 20, 21. 

Ehnsall, William, Rector of Begbroke, 

334, 
Elye, the Miller, 49, 50. 

— Warine and William, sons of, and 
Alice, Relict of, 50. 

Elyne, Walter, 203. 

England, 'Old,' 164. 

English captives in Morocco, 258. 

Ensham, Abbots of, 207, 208, 209, 

210, 21T, 216, 326. 
Enstone, William, 139. 

— John, 163. 

Ensworth, T., Alderman, 272. 

Emald, Fulc', 13. 

Essex, Earl of, 68, 69, 94, 95, 304. 305, 

306. 
Ethelred the 'Unready/ King, 176. 



Evans, Hugo, Vicar of Yamton, 223, 
228, 250, 274. 

— fJBunU^ extracts from Register, 274. 
Evans (Eviens), Abel, 262. 

— or Evens, Joane, 276. 

Evens or Evans. Thomas alias Izard, 

277. 
Even, John, 249. 
Evdeigh, James, 46. 
Evory, lliomas, of Begbroke, 337. 
Ewe, Earl of; and Matilda, 5. 
Exeter, Duke of, 29. 
Exeter College, Rector and Fellows, 

36, 48, 77, 174, 216. 

— Rector and Scholars, 35, 216. 

— Rector of, v. 3^5. 
Eyans or Evons, family, 343, 

— Mr. Anthonv, 346, 3^9. 

— Thomas and John, 348 note. 

— tomb of Margaret, 348. 

— Pedigree and arms, 348. 
Eyers, Robert, 214. 

— Mathew, 263. 
Eyre, Justices in, 208. 

Faber, Adam, 203. 

— . . ^ 317- 

FairfEuc, Sir Thomas, 65, 69, 289. 
Fallowe, Thomas, 215. 
Fardon, the Clockmaker, 53. 
Farmer, Dr. Anthony, 99. 

— John, 238. 
Fathers, John, 347. 

Faulkner, Nathamel, 140, 161, 266 and 

note. 
Fawdrey, John, 260, 279. 
Fennemore, Barton and Mary, 344. 
Fettiplace, John, 63. 
fford, John, 173. 
Field, Rev. Edward, 135 note, 140, 

168, 170. 

— Bishop of Newfoundland, 167 note« 

— arms of, 58. 

— Perys, 62. 

— Thomas, 313. 
Fifield, Margaret, 47. 

— tomb of, 152. 

— Thomas, 153. 

— armso^ 153. 
Finch, Mr., 99. 
Finmore, 75, 134. 

— family of, 92 note. 
Fisher, Frideswide, 276. 

Fitton, Colonel, his legiment, 275, 276. 
Fitz-Count, Brian and Maud, 8, 201. 
Fitz-Fulk, John, 116. 
Fitz-Herbert (Philipps Par. Col.), 341. 

— Humphrey, 90, 349. 

— John, 90, 338. 

— Robert, 134, 349. 350- 



C C 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



386 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



Fit£-Herbeit, Mr.» 337. 

— Mrs., 338. 

— Mr. Thomas, 346). 

— or Herbert, £Ua^ 345 note. 

— widow (Mrs. Hirons), 351. 

— family of, 344, 345- 

— tomb oi, in Kidlington chnrch, 147. 

— tombs of, in Begbroke church, 340, 

341- 
Fitz-Hugh, Laurence, 117. 
Fit«-John, John, 15 note. 

— William, 126, 203. 

— Walter, 19. 

Fitz-Nifcl^ John, la and note. 
Fitx-Osbem, William, 321 (Sewer of 

Normandy). 
Fit2>0sbert, William, Lord of Hampton, 

14 note. 
Fitz-Peter, William, 19. 
Fitz-Thomas, William, 19. 
Flavell, Ralph, 64. 
Flecher, Thomas, an. 
Fleetwood, Mr. and wife, 259. 

— Col. and Lient-Gen., Charles, 70 
note, a9i. 

Flemvng, Bishop of Lincoln, 333. 
Fletcher, Andrew, 64. 

— Elizabeth, will of, 43. 

— Thomas, 215. 

— William, 173. 

— Alderman and Mayor of Oxford, 
339, 243, 345 note, 348, 349, 350. 

— tomb of, 348. 

— 'Charity' of, 371, 372. 
Folliet, John, 260, 376, 314. 
Forbes, Mary, 359. 

Ford, Hugh Ate, 304. 

— William, 31. 
Forde, John at, 13. 
Forty, 137, 353. 

Fowler, Mr. £dward, 347, 375. 
Franckey, Thomas, 375. 
Frankeleyne, John le, 18, 116. 

— Folk, 117. 

— Adam and Alice, 104. 
Franklin, Philio, 360. 
Frannceys, William le, 303. 
Frauncis or Frands, Thos., M.D., 39, 

45 and note, 46. 

Fraunkeleyne, Thomas le, 305. 

Freeborn, Rev. A. C. R., Vicar of Kid- 
lington, 36. 

Freeman, Matilda, 117. 

— Professor, 336. 
Freeston, Susan, 74. 

— Richard and Susan, 73. 
Frere or Fryer, Pedigree of, 108. 

— William, Philip, John, 36. 

— Mr., * High Sheriff,' 105. 

— Mr., 61. 



Frere or Fryer, W^illiam, 76, 107, 108, 
128, 287. 

— Alderman, 357. 

— Sir Edward and Elizabeth, 108, no. 

— Frandsca and Edward, 108. 

— family o^ 105. 

— arms of, 105, 108. 

Fretewell or Freytwell, Robert and 

Stephen, 116. 
Frideswide, St, Prior and Canons of, 

103, 176. 
Frome, Joh*es, 118. 
Fry, Stephen. 128. 
Fnk, WUliam and Matilda, 116. 
Fnlconis, Robert, 24 note. 
Fulle, William, Vicar of Yaroton, 220. 
Fuller, Dr., 25, 107. 

— Colonel, 40, no, 114. 
Fulthorpe, Thomas and Edith, 99. 
Fydleler, James, Rector of B^broke, 

334. 336. 

Gadbnrie, Mistress, 64 note. 

— Thomas, 76 and note. 

— Mr. William, 247. 

Gale, Rainald and Robert de, 125 note. 
Galloway, Edward, 244, 261. 
Gammon, Richard, 344. 
Gardener, Simon, Vicar of Yamton, 

219. 
Gardiner, Richard le, 203. 

— Matilda, relict o^ 13. 
Garrard, Sir Thomas, 291. 

— arms of, 300. 
Garrel, William, 261. 
Gaunt, Maurice de, 4. 

— John of, 26, 354, 355. 
Gavestone, 118. 

Gaynesford, Sir John and family, 25. 
Gedgh, Thomas, Rector of Begbroke, 

333* 
Geinvile, Geoffrey, 322. 
Gek, Henry le, 13. 
GeoTge, Richard, 76. 

— Mary, 344. 
George I, 270. 
George II, 256. 
George III, 256. 

George, Prince of Denmark, 229 note, 

260. 
George, St., Patron of England, 5. 
Gerard, Sir Samuel and Elizabeth, 300, 

301. 

— or Garret, Dame Elizabeth, tomb 
of, 294, 298, 301. 

— Agnes, relict of, 13. 

— arms of, 300. 

Gcyt, Walter le, 322, 323. 
Gibbard, Thomas, 203. 
Gibbs, Sir Henry, 108. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



387 



Gifford, John, Lord of Brinsfield, 322, 

323, 3^4. 

— Thomas and Sibella, 324. 

— Roger, 324. 

— family of, 349. 

Gladwell or Gledhill, Ed. 76, 77, 135. 

— 'Charity,' 52, 135. 
Glandvill, Mr., 276. 
Gloucester, (Audley) Earls of, 21. 

— Duke of, 28. 
Glover, Elizabeth, 344. 
Glynton, Edward, 178. 

Goad, Dr. John, Vicar of Yamton, 220, 

222, 223. 224, 238, 245, 276. 
Goddard, Richard, 89. 
Godefray, Walter, 322. 
Godefride, John fils, 204. 
Godfrey, Abbot of Ensham, 207. 
Godstow, Abbess of, 204, 324. 

— Nuns of, 119, 307, 324. 
Godwin, 205. 
Goldsmith, Elizabeth, 274. 
Goodson, John, 173. 

— John and family, tombs of, 152. 
Gorge, Galfridus, 13. 

Gough, Henry, Esq., 241 note, 354. 
Gourdan, Ann, 344. 
Gowry, Earl of, 267. 
Grame, Elizabeth, 259. 
Grandissono, Otto de, 16 note. 
Graunger, Richard, Vicar of Yamton, 

320. 
Graont, arms of, 299, 300, 302, 303. 
Gray or Grey, Bishop of Uncoln, 

333* 

— Arnold de, 3, 102. 

— Walter de, Archbishop of York, 3. 

— John de. Bishop of Norwich, 3, 4, 
102. 

— Hawisia de, 4 note. 
Green, Mrs., 344 note. 
Greenaway, Francis, 'Attorney,' 293. 
Greg, Simon, 204. 

Gr^ory, Thomas, Vicar of Yamton, 
227. 

— John, M.A., 71. 

— Francis, 181. 

— 9th Pope, 360. 
Grene, William ate, 203. 

Grey, Henry, Marquess of Dorset and 
Duke of Suffolk, and Frances his 
wife, 32 and note. 

— Richard, Abbot of Osney, 103. 

— family of, 25. 

— arms of, 23, 56. 

— crest of, 58. 

Grifiin, Edward, 330, 334. 
Grimes, Margery, 260. 
Grinett, George, 281. 

— Mary, 279. 



Grostete^ Bishop of Lincoln, 219, 232, 

335» 336, 332. 
' Gulliver's Ghost,* 290 note, 299. 
Gumey, Hugh de, 1 1 note. 
Gurwyn, John, 7R. 
Gutch's * Annals, 290. 
Gybbes, Thomas and his will, 214 and 

note. 

— John, 214. 

Gynwell, Bishop of Lincoln, 333. 

Hails, Alice, 260. 
Hahie^ Joseph, 52, 75, 157. 
Hall, Mr., Brewer, 46, 48, 167. 
Hall, Bennet, 127. 

— John, 172, 173, 174, 230, 231, 232. 

— Joseph, 166. 

— Robert, Goldsmith, 61-62. 
Halliwell's * Dictionary,' 350. 
Hallum, 214 note, 231. 

Hals, John de. Vicar of Kidlington, 40. 
Hambleton, Thomas, and family, 64. 
Hamilton, 24.3. 
Hampden, John and Edmund and 

family, 90. 
Hampton . . ., 90 note. 
Hamundeville. Set Amnndeville. 
Hanbury, John, 73, 80. 
Hancock, Robert, 261. 
Hanecockes, John, 19. 
Hanks, Peter, 239. 
Hanwell, 50. 

— John, 76, 174,344- 

— Miss, 168. 

— Philip, 152. 

— Thomas, 159. 

Hareng, Ralph de, 103, 115, 201. 

— Halewise de, 115, 116. 

— Walcherine de, 116. 
Hargrcaves, Major James and Anne, 83. 

— Joseph Smith, 82, 150. 

— tombs of family, 150. 
Harington, Hen. Grey, Baron, arms and 

'knots,' 32 note. 
Hamhulle, Harie o( 19. 
Harper, Richard, will of, 43. 
Harrington, Mr. James, 275. 
Harris, Nathaniel, Vicar of Yamton, 

217, 220, 223, 228, 250, 258. 

— family of, 274. 

— Mrs. Frank, Thomas and Elizabeth, 

155- ^ 

— arms of, 132 note. 

— Thomas, 172, 275. 

— widow, 160. 

— Mr., 243. 
Harryson, W^illiam, 214. 
Harjigton, Sir William, 27. 
Haslett, Thomas and Mary, 151. 
Hatcastle, Thomas, 257. 



C c a 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



388 



INDEX OF PERSONS, 



Hatherway, Elizabeth, 275. 
HattoD, Dr. Timothy, 8i-«5. 

— Margaret, 81 note. 

— Miles, 83. 

— Dr. John, 85. 

Hanmlo, John and Alice, 104. 
Havering, Matilda de, 336. 
Haversham, Nicholas de, 116. 

— John de. 117. 
Havyl, John, 40. 
Haweis, Mrs., 354. 

Hawkins, Richard, Vicar of Yamton 
and Rector of Begbroke, 336, 338, 
316, 335» 338. 

— William, 226 note. 

— family of, 343 and note, 343. 
Hawthen, Edward, 75. 
Hayes, Simon, 344. 

Haynes. Su Haines. 

Haysifton (?), Thomas, Vicar of Yam- 
ton, 319^ 

Heame, Thomas, the Antiquary, zv, 
132, 300, 277 note, 392, 315, 317. 

Heathe, Richard, 363, 387 note. 

— John and Richard, 63. 
Heberdine, Mr., 159. 
Hedges, Isabel, 375. 

Hellat or Hallat, Thomas, 248, 360, 

363. 
Henley, Elizabeth, 151. 
Henn, J., R3 and note. 
Henri, WilUam, 304. 
Henrietta Maria, Qneen, 355, 367. 
Henry I, 176, 306. 

— II, 306. 

— m, 14, 353. 

— IV, 33. 

— V, 386. 

— VI, 38. 

— VII, 39, 31, 130. 

— Vni, xvii, 39, 30, 33. 36, 38, 106, 
139, 178. I79» 231, 24I1 384, 357. 

Hensley, Mr., 354. 
Henxtseve, Gleoffrey de, 337. 
Herbend, John, Rector of Bqgbroke, 333. 
Herdwyk, Henry de, 13. 
Hereford, Earl of, 3, 331. 

— St Thomas, Bishop of, 5. 
Heyn, Richard, 173. 
Heywood . . ., ^6, 48. 
Hickes, Colonel, 166. 
Hide, William, 180. 

Higden, John, Dean of Ch. Ch., 178. 
Hikefelde, Geoflfrey and Joan, 104. 
Hill, Daniel, 339. 

— Edmund, 375. 

— Henry and Agnes, 331. 

— Margaret, 363. 

— Thomas, 159. 

— WiUiam, 381. 



Hill, WUliam and Mary, 76. 

Hilling, William and Alice, 13. 

Hindes, Mr. Z., 135. 

Hinton, H., 398. 

Hirons, Mrs. Keziah, 341, 351. 

Hirst, Martha, 151. 

Hitchcock, Mary, 153. 

Hitchman, Joarma, 344. 

Hoare, Sir Colt, 31. 

Hobart, Mrs., 168. 

Hobhouse, Bishop of Oxford, 139 note. 

Hoffer, Edward, 61, 76. 

Hogan, Edmund, 74. 

and Elizabeth, 80. 

— Elizabeth, 73. 

— Gresham, 74. 
Holcot, Hugh, 56 note. 

— arms and family of, 33, 56 and note. 
Holloway, Elizabeth, 47, 153. 

— John and wife, 50. 

— Magdalen, 131. 

— Edward, 174. 

— Richard, 137. 

— Thomas, 91, 173. 

— Mr., curate, 275. 

— arms of, 147. 
Hollyns . . ., 77 note. 
Hope, Mr., 35 note. 
Hopkins, Mr., 340. 

— William and Hugh, 361. 
Hore, Edith and John, 99, 10 1. 
Horspaze, Nicholas de, 303. 
Horton, Walter de, 13 note. 
Hourd, John, 316. 

How, Eirl, 166. 

Howard, Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, 
and Duchess, 30, 31. 

— Sir George, 114. 

— crest of, 58. 

Howell, Henry and John, 181. 
Howse, Mary, 344. 

— 'widow,* 159. 

— . . . 347. 

Huchynson, Leonard, Vicar of Yamton, 

311, 333. 
Huckle, Philip, 3i6. 
Hudson, Dr., 70. 

— family of, 144, 145, 146. 

— Pedigree. 359. 

Hugh, Vicar of Kidlington, 40. 

— St., Bishop of Lincoln, 307. 
Hughes, John, 63. 

— Henry, 356. 
Hule, Robert, 103. 

Humphries, Dr., Pres. of Mag. Coll., 38. 

— John, cUias Weale, 63, *i€, 

— Richard, 173. 
Hunsdon, Loxtl, 387. 
Hunt, James, 159. 

— Edward, 361. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



389 



Home, Ralph in the, 205. 
Hntt, Mr. Joseph, 121 note, 122. 

— Richard, 275. 

— Edward, 239. 

— family of, 151. 
Hyde, William, 344. 
Hynton, Mary, 51. 

Hynton, Thomas de, Vicar of Kidling- 

ton, 40. 
Hyrdc, John, 215. 

Ibill, Roger, 61. 

Inglant*s wife, 159. 

Inglesant, Richard^ The Chaplain of 

Kidlington, 41. 
Ingram, Elizabeth, 260. 
Innocent, 9th Pope, 212. 
Ireton, Colonel, 70. 
Irish Gentlemen, 258. 
Irons. Griffin, 77, 99, 136. 137. 

— . . ., 158. 

— Thomas, 344. 

Ivory, Mary and Elizabeth, 344. 

Ivry, Roger de, xviii, 102, 115, 177, 199, 

201. 
Izard alias Evens, 277. 

— Abel, 262. 

Jackson, John, 312. 

— Henry and Maria, 313. 

— armso^ 313 note. 

— Rev. W. W., V. 
James I, 256, 266, 267. 

— 11,99,113, 269. 

James, William and Mary, 15^. 

— Hogan and Frances, 74. 
Jane Seymour, Queen, 357. 
Jarvis, Admiral and Mr., 166. 
Jcflfs . . ., 166. 

Jewell, Bishop, works of, 254. 
Johanna, Queen of Henry IV, 22, 26. 
John, King, 3, 4, 5, 201, 207, 208. 

— * The Miller,* "7, ^04. 

— servant of the Earl of Cromwell, 
211. 

— Parson of Emyngton, 20. 

— Parson of Hakeboume, 20. 

— St., of Jerusalem, Prior and Brethren 
o^» 34» 50> >04> "5» "6, 129, 360. 

— Sisters of, 125. 
Johnson, Sir Henry, 113. 
Johnstone, Rev. C. F. H., 361. 
Jolly, John, 76, 142. 

— - * Charity,* 142. 

— fieunily tombs of, 151. 

Jones, Dr. Collier, Rector of Exeter 
Coll., 157. 

— arms of, 58. 

— . . ., I59» 31^' 
Jonys, Mr., 62. 



Joyner, Edward, 262. 
Julias, Seta., 240 ( 
Juvene, Agnes and 
Juvenis, John, 13. 

Keene, Richard anc 

54. a^. 

— . . ., 100 note. 
Kenal, Dr., 50. 
Kengham, Willian 

ton, 219. 
Kennedy, Sir Rich 
Kennett,^ Dr. Whit 
Kent, Earl of, 200, 
Kente, Nicholas, 6 

— Heniy, 172. 

— Thomas, 63, 13 
Kent's * Charity,' i 
Kerby, Peter, 262. 
Kersey, William, a 
Kery, William, 16 
Kete, John, 62, i2< 
Ketel, William anc 
Keyt, Sir Francis 

note. 

— Elizabeth, 299. 
Kidder, Dr., Bisho 

— James, 64, 76. 
Kidlineton, Godfre 

— the Lord of, 76. 

— Vicar of, 356^ 
Kidlyngton, John, 
Kilmry, Henry de, 

40. 
King, Dr. John, -A 

Bi^op of Oxforc 
Kings of Scotland, 
Kingstone, NichoLa 
Kitson, Sir Thomai 

— arms of, 302. 
Knapp, Mr., 48 no 

— TyrreU, 15K. 

— George and Ha 

— Henry, 175. 
Knipersley, arms o 
Knowles, Robert, ^ 

— SirWUliam, 'C 
Kyngestone, James 

broke, 332, 333. 

Laci, Pedigree of, 3 

— Roger de, 321. 

— Wdter de, 323, 
Lake, Henry de la, 
Lamb, Mr. James, , 

— 'Lady of the,' i( 
Lambom, Martha t 
Lamboume, Thomi 
Lamplugh, W. Prel 

149. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



390 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



Lamplnghy Thomas, Archbishop of 

York, 83, 149. 
Lancaster, Thomas, Earl of» 334. 

— Duke and Duchess of, 354. 
Lane, John, Vicar of Kidlington, 41. 

— Katherine and John, 285. 

— Dr., of Banbury, 356. 

— William in the, 203. 
Langbain, Dr., 28a. 
Langford, Joseph, 278. 
Langhals, WilUam, 7. 
Langport, Thomas, 118. . 
Langstone, Peter, 65, 121 note. 

— John, 120, 121. 

— Anthony, 121 and note. 

— John, 333 {or Langworth?). 
Langton, Stephen, Archbp. of Cant, 4. 
Laniworth, Elias, 328. 
Lankstone, Richard P., 261. 
Laroon, Marcns, 113 note. 

Latham, Sir Christopher, Vicar of Kid- 
lington, 41. 
Land, Archbishop, 238, 255. 
Laurence, Henry, Vicar of Kidlington, 

43- 

— his will, 44. 
Lay, John, 230, 316. 

— Anne, * Overseer,' 279. 
Lee, Sir Henry, 61. 
Ldgh, Mr., 244, 245, 361. 

— Mr. George, 27J. 

— Mrs., Mary, and Richard, 275. 

— Mr. Thomas, 275, 31 1. 

— Sir Thomas, 287, 296. 
Leighton, Dr., Warden of All Sonls 

Coll., 234. 
Leland, the 'Antiquary,* zy, zvi, 14, 

119 note. 
Lennard, Francis and widow, 180 note. 
Lennessey or Levesey, John and Alia- 

nora, 20,21. 

— Milicent and Elizabeth, 30. 
Lenns, Rc^er de, 330, 332. 
Lens, Matilda de, 324, 330. 
Lenthal, Bridget, 47, 153. 

— Sir William, the • Speaker,' 47, 66, 
107, 180. 

— Sir John, 47, 180. 

— arms of, 153. 
Leonard, Elizabeth, 175. 

— ...,140. 

Leonibus, Roger de, 333. 
Lester, William, 163. 

— family of, 159. 
Leukenore, Geoffrey de, 1 16. 
Lenui, xriii, 115. 
Levesey. Su Leunessey. 
Levesone, Richard, 203. 

Ligh, William, Rector of Begbroke, 
334- 



Lightfoot, Rev. John, 175. 

— Dr. John Prideanx, Rector of Exeter 
Coll., and his wife, v, 157, 355. 

Lilie, Nicholas, 117. 
Lincoln, John de la Pole, Earl of, 29, 
30. 

— arms of, 28. 

— the Bishop of, I3, 130, 199, 3op, 
203, 208, 218, 251, 33a. 

Lindsey . . ., 310. 
Lion, Henri, 257. 
Lions or Lyons, Richard de, 204, 322. 

— Roger de, 323. 

— John de, 323, 332, 333. 

— family of, 323, 330. 

— heiress of, 330. 

— arms of, 329. 

— Magister de, 332. 

— Nicholas de, 332. 

— Pedigree of, 328. 
Llewellyn, Prince of Wales, 324. 
Lloyd, Colonel, 305. 

Lock, Richard, 231. 

— J. Alderman, 272. 

Lomax, Elmest WnL, Vicar of Yamton, 

228. 
Long, William, 214. 

— Jonas, 266. 

— James, 127, 174. 

Longe, Robert, Vicar of Yamton, 220. 

— Rector of Begbroke, 333. 
Longland, Bishop of Lincoln, 334. 
Lonsdale, Viscount, 83, 85. 
Lorens, William, 117. 

Louis, ' Dauphin,' 5, 208. 
-- XIV, 257 note.] 
Lovatt, Francis, 75. 
Lovel, Roger, 13. 
Lovelace, John, 108, no. 

— Richard, ist Lord, no. 

— John, 2nd Lord, 110-113. 

— John, 3rd Lord, 112. 

— Anne, Lady, in, lis and note, 113, 
114. 

— Martha, Lady, 113. 

— fiEimily of, 108. 

— Pedigree and arms, 114. 
Lowther, Henry, 80, 8f note, 83, 86, 

149. 

— Mary, 81 note, 83, 86, 149. 

— Sir Richard, 83, 149. 

— Baron, 83, 85, 149. 

— Sir Gerard, 85. 

— arms of, 150. 
Lucas, * Goody,' 159. 
Lucat, Jane, 276. 

Lucy, Sir Thomas and Constance, 290. 

— arms of, 150. 

Luflis', Lady, maid, 113 note. 
Lumbley, Richard, 161 note. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



391 



Lnnsford, Colonel, 376. 
Lather, Martin, 43. 

Lyncolne or Lincoln, family and arms, 
a95» 299> 302, 303. 

Macham, Robert, 44. 

Madan, F., Esq., vi. 

Magdalen College, Fellows of and Pre- 
sident, 99. 

Magdelena, S. Maria (in window), 240. 

Magrath, Rev. Dr., Provost of Queen*s 
CoU., 358. 

Maino, 199. 

Malesmaines, Ela de, 11. 

Malesoneres, William de, Rector of 
Begbroke, 332. 

Malet, William and Robert, 9. 

— Robert, 12 note, 327. 

— family of, 8, 24. 

— arms of, 24. 

Mall, Francis, 243, 265. 
Mallyett, William, 214. 
Manchester, Dnkes of, 287. 
Mann, Francis, Martin, May, 144. 

— Mr., 48, 74, 218. 

— William and Mary, 144. 

— Christabella, 143. 

— Pedigree of, 134, 359. 

— arms of, 144. 
Manning, John, 331, 332. 

— Minister of Begbroke, 332, 335, 342. 

— Susanna, 342. 
Maple, Edward, 245, 261. 
March, Richard, 211 note, 215. 
Mareschal, John, Earl of Warwick, 10, 

XI. 

Margaret of Anjon, 28. 

Margery, Countess of Warwick, 6, 9, 

la 
Marlborongh, John, istDnke of, 229. 

— Duke of; 76, 77. 82, 129, 135, 136, 
137, 164, 174, 336, 349, 350. 

— Charlotte, Augusta, Duchess of, 301. 
Marshall, Rev. Jenner, 121 note, 367. 

— Robert, 276. 

^- Stephen and son, 276. 

Marten, arms of, 131 note. 

Martin, Colonel, 127. 

Marwood, George and Constance, 292, 

301. 335. 

— Mrs. Jane, 260, 330, 335, 349. 

— arms of, 301. 
Mary, Queen, 39, 44. 

— Princess, birth of, 255. 
Mason's * Apology,' 254. 
Mason ' the Coachman,' 290 note. 
Massie, Colonel, 94. 

Matilda, Queen, 300. 

Matthew, Elizabeth, 275. 

' — John, Vicar of Yamton, 222. 



Matthews, W^illiam, 163. 
Maud, Empress, 201. 
Maudit, Thomas, 11 note. 

— arms, 7, 55. 

Mauduit, William, Earl of Warwick, 1 2. 
Maund or Mawnde, John, 34, 110. 

— John and William, 63. 

Maurice, Dr. Peter, Vicar of Yamton, 227. 
Mawnfeld, Thomas, 56, 57. 

— Johanna, 57. 

— arms used by, 56. 

May, Mr. Robert senior, 60, 63, 64, 75, 

I34» I35» 174- 

— extracts from Register, 134, 135. 

— John and Martin, * Charity,* 137. 

— Martin, 50, 63, 135, 173, 174, 218, 

337. 

— tombs o^ 143. 

— Pedigree, 134, 359. 
Mayne, Adam, 322. 

— Richard, seal of, 325. 

— family of, 325. 
Mayott, Robert and Frances, 
Meadsman, The, 308. 
Mears, Thomas, bellfounder, ] 
Med, Rad. at, 203. 

Mein. See Mayne* 
Males, Peter de, 14. 
Meridick, Richard, 275. 
Merton College, Warden of, i 
Metingham, John de, 116. 
Miles, Anne, 233. 
' — Mrs. (overseer), 279, 316. 

— ... 214 note, 312. 
Miller, James, 100 note. 
Mills, Robert, 281. 

— 'old,' 316. 

Milward or Milwood, Robert, 
Mmnican, Peter, Philip, Rog 

103 note. 
Minn or Mynn, Nicholas, 260, 

— Thomas, 261. 

— Robert, 261, 262. 

— widow, 260. 

— Elizabeth, 274. 

— Mr. 280. 

— family of, 316. 
Minoresses, The, 39. 
Missenden, Abbot of, 11. 
Mitchell, Charlotte, 163. 

— or Mitchell, Robert, Vicar 
ton, 221, 222, 226, 260. 

Monmouth, James, Duke of, 21 
Montacnte, Thomas, Earl of 2 

37, 58. 

— Pedigree of, 328. 
Montague, Sir Henry and £ 

387, 393. 

— £unily of (extracts from 1 
296. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



392 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



Moore, Colonel, 70. 

— * Old Father/ iii note. 

— Mr., 159. 
Moors, John, 260. 

Mordannt, Hon. Harry, Margaret and 
family, 294, 298, 301. 

— Hon. George and Catherine, 294, 

301- 

— John, Lord Vifcoont Avilon, 294. 

— arms and crest of, 294, 301. 
More, Oliva ate, 13. 

— Michael, 344. 
Morels Collections, 308. 
Mores, Joan, 214. 

Morgan, John, Vicar of Kidlington, 

Morocco, King of, 258. 
Morrell, Mr. Fred. P., 77, 80 note, 82 
note. 

— Mrs. Anne, 174. 

— Mr. Herbal, 131 note. 

— James, 83. 

— Mr., 2V9. 
Morrey, Sampson, 73. 
Morris, Nicholas, 76, 159, 376. 

— Susanna and * Goody,' 163. 

— John, 135. 

— * Charity,* 142. 

— Robert, 218. 

— William, 278. 

— AUce, 344. 

Morris*, John, Lots, 311, 350. 
Morrison, . . ., 349. 
Mortaigne, Edward, Earl of, 27. 
Mortimer, < Line of,' 149. 
Morton, Cardinal, 93. 

— Sir William, 69, 77, 90 note, 92-99, 
132,136,147,180,357. 

— will of, 137. 

— Anne, Lady, 91, 93, 97, 131, 147. 

— Sir James, 92 note, 96, 99. 

— children of Sir William, 90, 137, 357. 

— Sir Rowland and James, 93. 

— The Monuments of family, 97, 146. 

— Alms Houses, 136, 147. 

— John, 97. 

— Pedigree of, 98. 

— arms of, 98, 146. 

— Edward, *the Clerk,* 316 note. 
Moses the Jew, and James his son, 326. 
Monntegle, Lord, 287. 
Monntgarret, Richard Butler, Viscount, 

289. 

— Lady, 291, 297. 
Mountjoy, George, B.A., 223. 
Moyne, Johnle, 13. 

Mulle, John ate, Adam, Fitz-Robert, 

18. 
Mundi, Thomas, Rector of Begbroke, 

.^33. 



Murrice, Edward, 260. 

Musgraye, Walter, and family of, 34. 

Myllton, William, alias Gibbons, Vicar 

of Yamton, 223. 
Mynmies, John and Johanna de, 1 16. 

Napier, Dr. Richard, 223, 224. 

Neale (Nele), Dr. John, Rector 01 

Exeter College, 35, 36, 45. 
Neighbour, Mr., 280. 
Nelson, Admiral, 166. 
Neth, Lewis. Vicar of Kidlington, 41. 
Neville, Richard, Earl of Warwick and 

Sarum, 58. 

— John, Marquess of Montague, 59. 

— John de, 15 note. 

Ncwburgh, Henry, Eari of Warwick, 
9, 10. 

— Thomas, Earl of Warwick, 10. 

— Waleran, Earl of Warwick, 9. 

— Maxgery, Countess of Warwick, 10, 
II. 

Newell, William, 138. 

— John, 163. 

Newenton, William de, 117. 
Newhawe, Thomas, Rector of Beg- 
broke, 333. 

Newland, Rebekah, 155. 
Newman, Richard, 75. 

— Jane, 275. 

— family, 143, 145. 
Newton, Sam, 50. 

Ne3ctebury, Thomas, 103 and note. 
Nibb, Mr., 243. 

Nicholas IV, Pope, 15, 18, 210. 
Nicholas of Kingston, Mayor of Oxford , 

117.308- 
Nicholans (in window), 240. 
Nicholls, Edward and Thomas, 50. 

— Edward, 128, 152, 164. 

— Thomas, 174. 

— family of, 152. 
Nichols* 'Collectanea,* 21. 
Nicole, *the levelif,' 19. 
Nixon, Isaac, 262. 

— Henry, 266. 
Noble, William, 226. 
Normandy, William of, 200. 
Norreys, Baroness, 70. 
Norris, Henry, Lord, 61. 
North, Henry John, 175. 

— Robert, 203. 

— * widow,* 275. 
Northampton, Earl of, 70. 
Norwich, Earl of, 89. 
Nowers, Alice, 25. 
Nyweman, Robert le, 126. 

Ockley, Ursula and Anna, 274. 
Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, 200. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



393 



O^lby's, John, roads, 361. 
d'Oiley, Robert I, xviii, i, 8, 102, 109, 
115, 177, 178, 201. 

— Robert II, I, 3, 125. 

— Henry I, 2, 4,125. 

— Henry I, Maud, wife of, 2. 

— Henry II, 2--II, 14, 17, 18, 37 note, 
49, 102, 109, 353. 

— Henry II, Matilda, second wife of, 

— Henry 11, daughter of, 2, 4, 49. 

— Henry H, Sibyl, first wife of, 49. 

— Margery, Countess of Warwick, 6, 

9> io» 353. 

— Pedigree of, 7. 

— army of, 7, 55. 

— barony of, 32. 
Olbes, Christian, 204. 
Olneye, John de, 118. 
Oppehalle, Ralph, 205. 
Ops, Richard, 113. 

Orange, Prince of^ 112 note, 113, 354. 
Osbom, Henry, 262, 316. 

— Robert, 310, 316, 

— James, 272,316. 

— £unily of, 231, 316. 
Osborne, Richard, 218. 
Osney, Bishop of, 37. 

— Abbot oU 2, 3, 12, 17, 24, 31, 34, 
35» 37» 4a» 4^, 49> 77, 104, 119, 126, 
178, 202, 203. 327. 357. 

— Abbots as Barons, 2, 1 7. 

— Augustine Canons of, 1-4, 50, 103. 
Ossory, James, Earl of, 225, 226. 
Otley, ' Goody,' 160. 

— . . ., 163. 

Ottington, John de. Vicar of Kidling- 

ton, 40. 
Otyngdon, William de. Vicar of Kid- 

m^on, 41. 
Owen, Dr. George, 45 note^ 216, 217, 

220, 231, 284. 

— John, 247. 

— family of, 284. 

Oxford, Archdeacon of, 33, 83. 

— Bishop of, 106, 107, 174, 227, 336. 

— Mayor and Corporation of, 290. 

— City Coondl of, 60. 

— Bnrgesses o^ 311. 

P. de Radnor, Master, 360. 

Pady, family of, 124. 

Page, Sir Francis, 121 and note. 

— Robert, 214,312. 
Painter, William, 128. 
Painton, * Serjeant,' 163. 
Panting, . . ., 145. 

Parish officers of Kidlington, 162. 
Parke, Griffin, Vicar of Yamton, 220. 
Parker, Viscount, 165, 313. 



Parker, Mr. James, 6. 

— Mr., 133 note. 

Parrett, Frands, and family, 344, 161, 

373. 

— John, 260, 266, 273. 

— Mistress, 263. 

— . . ., 314. 

— Thomas, 273. 
Parron, William, 239. 
Parsons, H., 272. 
Paschal II, Pope, 212. 
Pateshull, Simon de, 207. 
Patteson, * Coonsel,' 221. 
Paty, John, 151. 

Paul IV, Pope, 44. 

Payn, Thomas, Rector of B^broke, 

333- 
Payne, the widow of G., 152. 
Paynter, Dr., Rector of Exeter College, 

221. 
Pegot, William, 62. 
Pemberton, * Serjeant,' 99. 
Pencastre, Stephen de, 16 note. 
Percy, 'Line ' of, 140. 
Pemell, William, Vicar of Yamton, 

219. 
Perrot, J. R, 163. 
Persh, Nicholas de la, Sheriff, 16. 
Pershore, William de. Rector of Beg- 

broke, 332. 
Peshall's, Wood, History of Oxford, 93, 

289. 
Peterborough and Monmouth, Earl of, 

294. 
Peter's, St in the East, Vicar of, 129. 
Peto, William, and arms of, 156. 
Petre, Sir William, or Dr., xvii, 35, 36, 

39, 44, 45, 46. 50, 119, 120, 216, 

217, 220, 221, 231. 

— Gertrude, his wife, 44. 
Petre's Deed of Gift, 216. 

— arms of, 58. 
Peyntur, Peter, 34. 
Phelip, Sir William, 22. 
Philip, Sir John, 27, 28. 

— John, 18. 

— of Oxford, Vicar of Kidlingtoo, 40. 
Philippa, Duchess of York, 355. 
Philip, John, Fitz-John, 19. 
Phillips, of Ickford, fanuly of, 144. 

— Mr., 270. 

— Pedigree of, 359. 

— Sir Thomas, 341. 

Phipps, Robert, 245, 260, 262, 275, 
31a. 

— Henry, 261, 311. 

— widow, 263, 311. 

— John, 275. 

Pigott, Thomas, Vicar of Yamton, 225, 
226. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



394 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



Pigott, Henry, 225. 

Pirie or Pyrie, Richard de la, an, 32a, 

323. 
Piacator, Tohn, 204. 

— Nicholas, 13. 
Pitts, James, 65. 
PUistow, William, 5 a note. 

— WilL and 'Charity/ 138, 130. 
PlantageDet, Elizabeth, Dncheis of 

Suffolk, 29, 30. 

— Anne, Duchess of Norfolk, 30. 

— Lionel, 140. 

— arms of, 86, 15a 

Plaunche, Jacobus and Matilda de la, 

116. 
Plessets or Plecey, Margaret, 16. 

— Hugh de, 17. 

— John de. Earl of Warwick, 10, 11, 

"» 353- 

— Hugh I, 9, II, la, 13, 14, 16, 34, 

353- 

— Hngh n, 15, 16 note, ao. 

— Hugh in, 16, ao. 

— Hugh IV, ao, ai, a4. 

— Thomas, 15. 16. 

— Margaret, 16. 

— Milicent, 16, ao, ai. 

— Christian (Sandford), 11. 

— Christian, 16 note. 

— Damily of, 10. 

— arms of, 55, 58. 

Plot, Dr., xvi, 130, 168, 349, 367, 368. 
Pocock, Mrs. Mary, 79, 356. 
Pod, William, ao3. 
Pogeys, Ralph, a 10. 
Pointer, Dr., Vice-Chancellor, 28a. 
Pole, William de la, Earl, Marquess, 
Duke of Suffolk, a7, a8, 29, 328. 

— de la, John, Earl of Lincoln, 20, 30. 

— de la, Edmund, Earl of Suffolk, 29, 
30. 

— Cardinal, 44, a 16. 

— fiunilyof, a8, 119. 

— Pedigree, 30. 

— arms of, 30, 43, 55, 56, 57. 

— crest of, 58. 
Pollard, arms of, 30a. 
Popjoy, Elizabeth, a8i. 

Portam, Agnes and Stephen ad, 304. 
Porter, Sir William, 34. 

— Catherine, a6o. 
Potario, Adam, 109. 

Potter, Philip, Vicar of Yamton, 334. 
Poure, Dom. William le, i a note. 
Powell, Ed., 41. 

— . . ., a8^ note. 

— Edmund, 104, no. 
Power, Mr., 61, 387. 

Powys, Sir Edward Grey, Lord, and 
his wife, 31. 



repositus (Reeve), John and Adam, 
Radolph, 303. 

— Thomas, 304, a 10. 

— William, a 10. 

* Pretender,^ The. 355. 
Price, Miss, 381. 
Prideaux, Robert, 75. 

— Mr. Richard, 79, 157. 

— Anne, 79. 

— Alice, 145. 

— Edmund, Attorney-General, i8a 

— Dr. John, Rector of Exeter College, 
39,66,71, 137, 367. 

Prince Consort, The, 338. 
Prosser, Richard, 370. 
Provost of Edinburgh, The, 368. 
Pudsey, Mr., 61, 340, 345. 

— William, 93 and note. 

— Madame and Maiy, 100. 

— Captain William and William John, 
100, 148. 

— family of, 99. 

— Mr. George, 348, 361, 376. 

— Mistress, 348. 

— Elizabeth, 344. 

— Pedigree, loi. 

Pulley, Thomas and Anne, 133 and 

note, 134. 
Punzard, John de, 336. 
Purdy, Robert, 118. 
Pnteaco, Hughde, 99. 
Puteslo, Thomas de. Vicar of Kidling- 

ton, 40. 
Putlock, Anne, 158. 

— Stephen, 159. 

Pyckard, Sb: John, Curate of Kidling- 
ton, 43, 44. 

— Philippa, 354, 355. 
Pye, Agnes and John, 13. 

— Sir Robert, M.P., 66. 

— ...,131. 

Queen's College, Oxford, Provost and 

Fellows of, 76. 
Quen, Matilda le, 13. 

Radcliffe, Dr., 393. 

Raleigh, Sir Edward and Elizabeth, 25. 

Ralph 'The Sheriff,' 103. 

Rand, Robert, 162. 

— Mr. John, ' Clerk, Pariah,' 361. 

— Mrs., 61 note. 
Randulf, John, 13. 

— Roger, 19. 

Rankling, Thomas and widow, 343. 
Rastell, Robert and William, 357. 
Rathbone, Mr., 61. 
Ravening, William, 36, 63 note. 

— Pedigree of, 63. 

Raves, Alice and William, 374 note. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



395 



Rawley, George, 334. 

Rawlinson, Dr., 74, 77, 123, 145, 147, 

148, 151, 177, 180 {see Errata), 221, 

248, 277 note. 
Raye, Robert, 76. 
Raynsford, William, 45, 46. 

— Friswith, 46, 51. 
Rebels in Ireland, 258. 

Rector of Kidlington, 35, 36, 49, 53, 

54* 

— of Yamton, 216. 

Rede, Sir Edmund and Katherine, 25. 

Refife, William, 274. 

Remigius, Bishop of Dorchester and 

Lincoln, 205. 
RAii of Provence, 28. 
Repingdon, Bishop of Lincoln, 333. 
Retonr, Alice le, 13. 
Rewley, Abbot of, 208, 209, 210, 336. 
Reynolds, Elizabeth, 79 note, 356. 

— arms of, 79 note. 

— Nicholas, 261. 

— Edward, Bishop of Norwich, 149. 
Richard I, 3. 

— II, 118. 

Richards, Dr., Rector of Exeter College, 

53. 137 note. 
*- Mrs., 260. 

— Rev. J. W., 347. 

— alias Needham, 240, 277. 
Richmond, Mr., 280. 

— Duke o^ 305. 

Rici, Matilda, relict of, 204. 

Right, Mr., 245. 

Rinald . . ., 244. 

Ripariis or Rivers, Isabel de, 13. 

— Juliana de, 9. 
Risten, Richard, 43. 
Rivanlx, Abbot of; 212. 
Riveling, Ralph, 49. 

Rivington, Mr. Frauds and Margaret, 

347. 
Roan, Captain John, 275. 
Robert, Abbot of Ensham, 207. 

— Abbot of Thame, 213. 
Roberts, Richard, 122. 

— John, 344. 
Robertson, Athaliah, 135. 
Robinson, Thomas, 82, 339, 347, 349, 

350. 

— Marpret, 339. 

— family vault of, 339. 
Roet or Roelt, Sir Payne, 354. 

— Philippa, 26, 354. 

— Katherine, 354. 

— arms of, 56, 57, 354, 355. 
Roger, Vicar of Kidlington, 40. 
Rogers, Robert, Vicar of Yamton, 226, 

227, 228, 313. 

— senior, 226 note. 



Rogers, Thorold, Professor, 113. 

— 'The Clerk,' 230. 
Rohan, Alan de, 27. 
RoUestone, Dr., 305. 
Roluesham, Richard de, 204. 
Rosamund, 'Fair,* 252. 
Rose, Joseph, 233. 

Rossoi!, John, Rector of Begbroke, 

333. 
' Roundsmen,' The, 280. 
Rouse, JonaUian, 117. 
Rowden, Rev. Frauds, 175. 
RowUmd, Mr. and Mrs., 171. 

— Richard, 262. 
Rowney, Tohn, 50, 218. 
RojTsa, Abbess of Godstow, 308. 
RudingSL arms o^ 299, 300, 302, 303. 
Rug, John le, 13. 

Rupert, Prince, 70. 

Russell, Mr. Thomas and family of, 
296. 

— Sir Thomas and Elizabeth, 287, 293. 

— Sir John, Rector of B^broke, 334; 
his will, 336. 

Ruthven, family of, 267. 
Rycot, Robert of, 325. 
Rye, Mr. Walter, 354. 
Rysbach, the Sculptor, 300, 
Ryves or Rives, George, Edward, 
Thomas, 274 note. 

Sackville, ' Master,' 70. 

— Mr. Robert and AnneLadyCompton, 
287,296. » 

Sadler, John, 263. 

Sadldrs, Henry Atlantic, Rector of 

Begbroke, 336. 
* SaUor, The Parish,' Kidlington, 165. 
Salcey or Saucey, Ralph de, 324. 
-- WiUiam, 325. 

Salisbury, Maud, Countess o^ 324. 
' Salisbury, Abbot,' 61, 62. 
Sampson, Mr. Thomas, 38. 

— Richard, 54. 
Sanders, Richard, 172. 

— John and Ralph, 152. 
Sandford, Christian de, 11, 12. 

— Hughde, II. 

— arms of, 55, 58. 

— * The Preceptor of,' 125. 

— Francis, * Rouge Dragon,' 89. 

— Roger, 'Master,' Vicar of Kidling- 
ton, 41. 

Sandys, Esther, 107. 
Saucer de. See Salcey. 
Saunders, Ambrose, 39, 139. 

— James and Francis, 75. 

— Robert, 33, 45, 46, 173, 262. 

— Acnes, 37, 46. 

— John, 54, 172, 218, 253, 262. 



Digitized by 



Goo^e 



396 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



Sannden, Richard, io8. 

— Mary, 163. 

— Francis, 146. 

— Thomas, 'Charity,' 136 note, 139, 
140. 

— family of, 139, 151. 
Savage, William, 63. 

— Captain John, i ao. 
Sawyer, John, Esq., 175. 
Sayer, * The Scotchman,' 163. 
Scaresbrook, John, 100 note. 
Scrivener, Thomas, 338. 
Scroggs, William, 50, 164, 175. 

— family of, 51. 
Segrave, Jolm de, 16. 

— arms of, 55, 57. 
Sclwood, Thomas, 137, 146. 
Sergison, Charles, 98 note. 
Seru>, Chaplain of Begbroke, 33a. 
Simcox, Henry, a6a. See Timcocks. 
Simon, Prior of St Frideswide's, 103, 

178. • 

— Juliana, Relict of, 304. 
Sivers, Robart, 343. 
Siward, xviii. 

Shard, Sir Isaac and Abraham, 'be* 
(Kiest,* 140. 

— John, and Elizabeth his wife, 157. 

— Mrs., 141. 

— arms of, 141. 

Sharde, Daniel and Elizabeth, 375. 
Sheldon's, Mr., Note Books, 58. 
Shepherd, William, 314. 
Sheppy, Conntess, 180 n^. 
Short, Dr. Vowler, Bishop of St Asaph, 
330 and note. 

— John, 314. 
Shortland, Vincent, 316. 
Skelton, ' Antiauities,' 85. 
Skelyngton, William, Vicar of St 

Giles', Oxford, 333. 
Slepar, Simon le, 13. 
Smat, Jaliana, 117. 
Smith, Lieutenant-Colonel, 70. 

— John, 381. 

— John, of Magdalen College, 113 
note. 

— * cousin,* 138, 

— Henry, 133 note, 165. 

— Michael, 159. 

— Charles and Francis (of Aston, 
Shropshire), 156. 

— William, 140, 159. 

— Mi*., 161 note. 

— Thomas, Bishop of Carlisle, 85. 

— Thomas, 33a. 

— Elizabedi, 397. 

— Sir Edward, 390. 

— Ronald A. and £unily, 345, 349. 

— Matilda and Thomas, 347, 349. 



Smiths of Farmington, family o( 89, 

131, I54» 155- 

— Hnmphrey, Rector of Castle Eatoo, 
and of Fannington, 89, 131. 

— Pedigree 88, and Anne, 88 note. 

— Humphrey, ' High Sheriflf,' 150, 358. 

— Humphrey, 47. 48, 131, i6a. 

— Mary, Madame, 46, 48, 74. 

— Mary and Thomas, 376. 

— Thomas, 47, 131. 

— William, Rector of Alvescote^ 131. 

— Miss Elizabeth, 131. 

— arms of; 88, 89, 131, 154. 

Smiths of Hampden Manor, Pedigree, 
91. 

— fJEunily of; 133. 

— John, 93, 93, 131, 173, 173, 174. 

— John and Magdalen, 147, 357. 

— Thomas, Ridiard of St. Aldate's, 
93, 130, 131. 

— Bishop of Lincoln, 41, 93, 130, 

334- 

— arms of, 91, 131, 147. 

Smiths of Iffley and Littlemore, family 
of, 40, 151, 153. 

— Pedigree, 87. 

— John, 131, 153,175. 

— Thomas, laS. 

— Miss E. M. A., 131 note, 153. 
Smiths of Yorkshire and Kidlington, 

86, 149. 

— Pedigree, 86. 

— Dr. Joseph, Provost of Queen's Col- 
lege, 80-83, 86, 131, 149, 155. 
156. 

— Mary his wife, 83, 149. 

— Mary, 83, 150. 

— Anne, 83. 

— William, Rector of Ingleton, 80. 

— Matthew, 80, 85. 

— Dr. Joseph, LL.D., wife, 80, 81, 83, 

150, 36i» 358. 

— Joseph Bouchier, 81, 83. 

— Harris and wife, 150. 

— arms of, 86, 150. 

Smith of Islip and arms, 130, 131. 

— of Ryhope and Rossdale and arms, 

131. 
Smyth, John, 178. 
Smythe, Richaid, 314. 
Snell, John, 334. 
Soldier, * The Parish,' Kidlington, 165. 

Yamton, 370. 

South, Dr., 180. 

Southby, Richard, 313. 

Sparkes, Rev. Charles, 143. 

' Sparkes' household,' 346. 

Sparrow, Anne, 160. 

Spencer, Sir John, of Althorp, 386, 387, 

393, 396. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



397 



Spencer, Family of, 285. 

— 1st Sir William of Yarnton, 61, 317, 
343, 386, 387, 388, 396, 300, 303, 

— family of, 303. 

— 3nd Sir WiUlam, 349, 389, 390 and 
note, 399. 

— Family of, 390. 

— 1st Sir Thomas, 336, 337, 338, 340, 
348, 363, 365, 388, 389, 330, 334. 

— Family of, 389. 

— 3nd Sir Thomas, 33i, 334, 335, 346, 
2591 370. 388. 390-394, 303, 330, 

335, 337- 

— Family of, 393. 

— co-heiresses, 331,336, 393, 330, 335. 

— William, Eiq. (last heir), 393, 300. 

— Jane, Lady Teviot, 330, 293, 394, 
397» 330. 

— Dame Jane, 330, 393, 394, 303. 

— Henry of Badby, 395. 

— Thomas, Esq., 389, 390, 396. 

— Richard, 389. 

— George, 388, 393. 

— Monuments of. The, 386, 393, 394, 

— Registers at Yamton, 396, 397, 398. 

— arms of, 339, 365, 395, 399, 300- 

303. 

— Thomas of Claverdon, 386, 389. 

— Dame Margaret, 389, 396. 

— Margaret, daughter of Sir William II, 

3QO. 

— daughter of Sir Thomas II. 394. 

— Sir Thomas of £ardington, co. Salop, 
393. 

— Family mentioned, 331, 335, 248, 
316, 349» 350- 

— Constance, 391, 393, 301, 335 note. 

— Catherine or Katherine, 391, 393, 
394, 301. 

— Elizabeth, 392, 301. 

— John (of Wormleighton), 395. 

— Lord of Wormleighton, 301. 

— Lord, Francis Ahneric, Lieut. Col., 

352. 
Spindlow or Spindler, Bond and Anne, 

49, 153- 
Springall, William, 173, 173, 174. 
Sprijighall, John, 54. 
Springwell, Anne, 164. 

— . . ., 75, and note. 
Spyer, Thomas, 314. 
Staff, Henry de, 1 1 note. 
Stafford, Read, 105 note. 

— Edmund de. Bishop of Exeter, arms 

of, 35^- 
Stafforde, Robert, 3T4. 
Stamford, Henry Grey, Earl of, and 

Frances his wife, 33 note. 



Standard, Robert, 347, 376. 

— Dr. John, 107, 153 and note^ 357. 

— Thomas, 46, 376. 

— Pedigree, 51. 

— Edward, 46. 

— family of, 47, 153, 153, 154, 347. 

— arms of, 47, 51, 153. 
Standen, Mr., 138. 
Stanley, Thomas, 130. 

— Rector of Begbroke, 335, 338. 
Stapleton, Thomas de, 15 note. 

— Sir Miles of Bedale, 57 note. 

— Bryan John, 133 note. 

— arms of, 57. 
Stayt, Sarah, 161. 
Steere, Bartholomew, 61. 
Stephen, King, 301. 
Stevenson, Thomas, 138. 
Stigand, Archbishop, xviii, 115. 
StcKker, William, 344. 

Stodley (Studley), Prioress of, 333, 333, 

324, 350. 
Stone, James, Thomas and family, 373, 

274. 

— James, 361, 375, 377, 311. 

— Jane, 375, 377. 

— William, 138. 

— Thomas, Rector of Begbroke, 334. 
Stoney, Robert, will of, 336. 
Stonleigh, Sir John and Milicent, 30. 
Stonore, Sir Walter, 61, 63. 

Story, Edward, 180. 

Stowe, John de. Vicar of Yamton, 319. 

Strainge, le. Lady, 57 note. 

— le, arms ofi 50, 58. 
Strange, Tredwell, 318, 3^0, 313. 

— Eliza, * Overseer,' 370. 

Streete, Henry WoodhuU, 79, 136, 139, 
140. 

— WoodhuU, 79, 139, 173, 174. 

— Mr.. 354, 363. 

— Richaid and Edward, 354 note, 376. 

— family of, 79, 148. 

— arms of, 70 note, 78, 148. 
Stringer, Anthony, 126, 137. 

— William, 370. 

Stoke, Thomas de, Rector of Begbroke, 

33a. 
Stub, Andrew and William, 13. 
Stubbvs or Stubbs, Lawrence, Vicar of 

Kidlington, and anns, 43. 
Stympson, Elizabeth, 344. 
Suffolk, the Duke oi, xvii, 17 note, 35, 

33, 34, 56, note, 75, 119. 

— John, Duke of, 39. 

— arms of Duke, 38, 56. 

— Richard and Edmund, Dukes of, 39, 
30. 

— Henry Grey, Earl and Duke of, 33, 
327, 349- 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



39« 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



SnffolkyCharles Brandon, Dnke of, 3 1 , 7 a . 

— James, Earl of. 89. 

— Elizabeth, Dnchess of, 31. 

— Dnkes of. Stewards to Ooiey, 1 7 note. 
Sunderland, Earl of, 292, 295. 

Snsar, John, 43. 

Sntton, Willlsim, Abbot of Osney, 14. 

— Richard, Rector of Begbroke, 334. 

— Dr. H., 71. 

— Bishop of Lincoln, 33a. 
Swan, Mr., a8o, 311, 316. 
Swann, Christopher, 344. 
Swete, £unily of, aai, 29a. 

— Benjamin, 3a6, 327, 230. 330. 343, 

347» 349- 

— Adrien, 230, 313. 
^ arms of, 343 note. 
Swift, Ann, 159. 
Swinford, Catherine, 26, 354. 
'Swing, Captain,' 282. 

— and riots, 281. 

Sydenham, Rey. John, and Anne, 93,100. 
— - Vicar of Ratley, 100. 

— John, of Dolverton and family, 100. 

— Humphrey of Coombe, 100 note. 

— Mrs., 132. 

— Amy, 100. 

— £unily o^ 77-148. 
Sydley, John, 296. 

Symond, William, commissary of Arch- 
bishop, 333. 

Symonos, I)r., notes by, 18 note, 54, 1 22, 
I45» 232, 248, 282, 298. 

— Miss Frances, 161 note. 

— Roger, 61. 

— Richard, 214. 

— Mr., Warden of Wadham College, 
362. 

Syngar, William, Vicar of Yamton, 330. 

Tabor, Richard, Rector of Begbroke, 

335» 338, 341 > 343. 

— widow of, 338. 

— Charles, 344. 
Tackett, Thomas, 214. 
Tanner's ' Monasticon,* 103. 
Tarran, * Goodwife,' 338. 

Tarrey, Edmnnd, Vicar of Yamton, 223. 
Taunton, Mr., 23a note, 
Tavemer, Richard, 37, 38, 45, 46. 

— John, 38. 

— W'illiam, 105, 

— fiunily of, 38, 105. 
Taylor, Mrs., 311, 341, 350. 

— Richard, 275. 
Teasleare, Thomas, 173. 
Teasler, Margaret, 63. 

•Tempest, family ofi 65. 
Templars, the Knights, 125, 126. 
Temple, Thomas, Lord, 74. 



Temple, Sir Thomas and Esther, 107. 
-— Sir Thomas, 108, 180. 
Tenants of the Mill, Kidlington, 50. 
Tenants of Rectory Farm, Kidlington, 

46. 
Tesh, John, Vicar of Yamton, 227. 

— Samuel, 227. 
Tesler, John. 135. 
Testriz, Agnes, 117. 

Teviot or Tyviot, Robert Spencer, 
Viscount, 221, 226, 230, 292, 300, 335. 

— arms of, 300. 
Tewe, Robert of, 103. 

Thame, the Abbot of, 209. See Robert. 
Thatcher, John and Elizabeth, 274 note. 
Theodon, Thomas, 203. 
Theodosius, the Roman General, 367. 
Thomas, Earl of Warwick, 10. 

— the Chaplain of Kidlington, 6. 

— the Chaplain of B^broke, 332. 

— John, will of, 43. 

— John (of Kingstone), 227. 

— Dr. Vaug^ian, Vicar of Yamton. 214, 
315, 220, 221, 327, 228, 22Q, 230- 
234, 245 note, 249, 263, 265, 273, 

. 373, 284, 291 note, 304, 310, 314, 

335» 346, 347» 364- 
* Thomas, St,* window, 240. 
Thomho, John, Rector of B^broke, 333. 
Thurlow, Lord, 36. 
Timcocks, Henrys 260. See Simcox. 
Tipetot, Robert de, 16 note. 
Toby, William, 19. 
Todd, Nicholas, 178. 
Toldervy, James, 276. 
Toumeur, Thomas, 137. 
Townsend, Steven, 244, 261, 263, 265. 

— George, 261. 

Tozer, Henry, Vicar of Yamton, 220, 

222, 223. 
Travis, Richard, will of, 43. 
Treacher, Rev. Thomas and family, 344. 
Treadwell, John, 76, 172, 173, 174. 

— George, 76. 

Tresfosbugh, Richard, Rector of Beg- 
broke, 333. 

Tresham, Sir Thomas, 334. 

Treves, Bishop of, 212. 

Trilowe, Laurence and Ames, 57. {See 
Errata.) 

— Sir John, 22. 

— arms ofi 57. 
Tripe, Rev. J., 230. 

Tryok, John, Vicar of Yamton, 219. 
Tudor, Queen Mary, 241 note. 

— Mary, 32. 
Tumer, Mary, 64 note. 

— Thomas, 134. 

— Sir Edward, 165, 313. 

— * Transcripts * by, 43, 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



399 



Tuirill, Mr., loo note. 

Tustian (Tustin), John, 172, 174, 311, 

344 • 

— William, 311. 

— 'Charity,' 137. 
Twicross, Mr., 254. 
Tydder. See Denthor. 

Tyrrell, Sir Thomas and Hariet, 144. 

— Katharine, 48. 

— Joseph, 46, ^8. 

— Rice, *P,'26i. 

— family of, 48, 151, 157. 
Tysdale, Thomas, 63. 

Underhill, Captain, 276. 
University of Oxford, Chancellor and 
Masters of^ 224. 

— Coll^^e, Oxford, Master o^ 222. 

— College, Oxford, Chaplain of, 228. 

Vache, la, Sir Philip and Elizabeth, 21, 
22, 26. 

— John, 22. 
Vadys, John de, 43. 
Valentinian I, Emperor, 367, 
Vanghan, George, 65. 

Venn, John, Vicar of Yamton, 225. 
Verdon, Thomas de. Lord of Hethe, 8. 

— arms o^ 57. 

— Verdon, Nicholas de, u note. 
Vemey, . . . . , 281. 

Vernon, Mr. H., 114. 

Vesey, John de, 16 note. 

Vicar, the, of Kidlington, 2, 34, 49, 127. 

— of Elrdington, 211, 219. 

Vicars of Yamton, 219, 220, 232, 250, 
338. 

Vice-Chancellor of University of Ox- 
ford, 83, 283. 

Vincent, Mr. John, 59. 

Viney, John Westerdale, and arms, 156. 

Vivian, * tlie son of Ralph the Sheriff,' 
103. 

W . . . , Thomas of, 19. 
Wadard, xviii, 115. 
Wadham, Sir Nicholas, 236. 
Waldron, Frederick William, Rector of 
Begbroke, 336. 

— Miss M. S. 336. 
Wale, Adam, 204. 
Wales, Prince of, 267. 

— Augusta, Princess of, 256. 

— Charlotte, Princess of, 166. 
Walford, Edward, 35^ 

Waller, Sir William, 08, 69, 70, 94, 95, 

304. 305» 306. 

— family of, 80. 

Wallery St., Thomas de, 201, 202, 207, 
208. 



Wallery St., Ranald de, 308. 

— Bernard de, 206, 207, 307, 324. 
Wallingford, * Constable of, 29. 
Wallis, Dr., 282. 

W^alker, Mrs. Anne, 76. 

— Nicholas, 203. 

— Thomas, 211. 

— Mr. or James, 230, 280, 310. 

— Sir Edward, History of Rebellion, 304. 
Walmisley, William and Cecily, 91. 
Walsh, Mr. Pcrcival, 356. 

Walter, John, 13. 

— Sir John, * Chief Justice,' 179, 357. 

— Colonel David, 179, 180; Elizabeth 
his wife, 180 note. 

— The Archdeacon, 177. 

— Agnes, relict of, 204. 
Walton, George, 230. 
Waner, John, 333. 

Warde, Robert, Rector of Begbroke, 333. 
Waringe, Thomas and Ursula, i/** 
Warkwoithe, Ralph de, 322. 

— arms of, 329, 
Warland, Mr., 76. 
Warner, Dr., 45 note. 
Warrins* wife, 166. 
Warsteade, arms of, 299, 300, 3c 
Warton's Kiddmgton, xvi, 368. 
Warwick, Richa^, Earl of, 27. 

— Countess of, 2. 

— Philippa Basset, Countess of, 9 
Watkins, Rev. Richard, 292. 

— George, 313. 
Watson, Thomas, 312. 
Watter, William ate, the, 204. 
Watts, Richard, 131. 

— ,152. 

Wayle, Elfred, 119. 

Weale or Wells, John alias Hun 

45 and note, 63. 
Webb, John, 172. 

— Michael, 158, 173. 

— Richard, 344. 
Webbc, Simon le, 204. 
Welkes, John, Vicar of Kidlingi 
Weller, Mr., 243. 

Welles, Hugo de. Bishop of Lincc 

— arms of. 57. 

Wellys, Sir John, Vicar of Kidling 
Welshman, John (Mr.), 100, 14I 

— Arme, 132, 148. 
Wenman, Lord, 165, 313. 
Wentworth, Lady, no, 112 note 
Werewelle, Anketell de. Vicar o 

ton, 219. 
West, widow, 128. 

— Anne, 131. 

— John. 70. 

— arms of, 78. 
West's 'Charity,* 272. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



400 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



Westcar, Mr.. 171. 

Weitminster, Dean and Chapter of, 180. 

Weston, Rev. Phipps, 218, 312, 313. 

— John, 262, 312, 313. 

— Elizabeth, 313. 

Wheate, Rev. Sir John Thomas, 121 
note. 

— Frances, 121 note, 
Whelar, James, 62. 
White . . . , i^o. 
Whitlocke. WilUam, 274. 
Whitton, Mr., 61. 
Whytinge, Jane, 80 note. 

— Richard, 165. 
Whytney, Mr., 257. 
Wickham, Archdeacon, 230 note. 
Wiggington, James, 76. 

Wild, Mary, 158, 175. 

— family of, 151. 
Wildduck. Jacob, 159. 
Wilkins, Thomas, 313. 
Wille, Thomas ate, 203. 
William, Vicar of Cndlington, 40. 

— *TheTailer,' 19. 

— *Rufiis,*2o6. 



WoodhuU or Wodholl, Folk and 
Nicholas, 330, 334. 

— Agnes, 331. 

— Lawrence, Rector of Begbroke, 334. 

— family of, 324. 

— Pedigree, 328. 

— arms, 329. 

Woodstodc, Mayor and Corporation of, 

112. 
Woodward, Thomas, 82. 
Woodwarde, Sir Thomas and Margaret, 

393. 
WooUans, J., 260. 
Wootten, R., Mayor of Oxford, 272. 

— Owen, 127. 
Wootton, William, 19. 

— Robert, Alice, and Agnes, 24 note. 
Worton, John, 118. 

Wotton, John, Rector of Begbroke, 333. 
Wren, Thomas, 175. 

— family o^ 142. 

Wright, Abraham, 223, 275, 276. 

— James, 224, 275,277. 
-Jane, 275, 277. 

— Richard, 276. 

erman, 272. 

n- 

, 118. 

, 222. 

nel. Archdeacon,. 41. 

ichard de, 322, 323. 

, Vicar of Kidlington, 40. 

d, 214. 

id John le, 13. 

5, 203. 

)nke of, 305. 

ike of, 31. 

[ (Henry VIII). 

of; 3, II. 

, * Agriculture of Oxon,* 

.315; 170,316,351- 

zherbert, 48. 

ote. 

William, 152. 

1- 

9- 

8, 350- 

3.348. 

J3. 

I le, 13. 

,55- 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



N 



%- 




A MAP OF 

THE THREE PARISHES OF 



K" 



6T0N,YAMT0N,iBE6BR0KE 



>^ 



(Cap is copied from two sheets of the Ordnance 
fy and filled in from the * Enclosure Award* Map 
dlington, from * The Bent Charge in lien of Tithes ' 



ir Yamton, an4 from the < Tithe Map ' for Beghroke 



** .lures refer to those in the Text and are taken from 
the respeotive Maps. 




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®yfor^ 1b(6tor(cal Society 



PUBLICATIONS. 

1884. 

1. Hegister of the ITniyersity of Oxford. Vol. I. (1449-63; 

1 505-7 1), edited by the Rev. C. W. Boase, M.A., pp. xxxviii + 364. 
(Price to the public, without discount, and prepaid, i6s,) 

2. Hemarks and CoUectioziB of Thomas Heame. Vol. I. (4 July 

1705—19 March 1707), edited by C. E. Doble, M.A., pp. 
viii + 404. {i6s,) 

1884-86. 
8. The Early History of Oxford (727-1100), preceded by a 
sketch of the Mythical Origin of the City and XTniversity. 
By James Parker, M.A. With three illustrations, pp. xxii + 420. 
{20s.) 

1885. • 
4. Memorials of Merton College, with biographical notices of 
the Wardens and Fellows. By the Hon. Geo. C. Brodrick, 
Warden of Merton College. With one illustration, pp. xx + 416. 
{i6s,, to members of Merton 12^.) . 

6, Collectanea, 1st series, edited by C. R. L. Fletcher, M.A. 
(Contents : — a. Letters relating to Oxford in the XlVth Century, 
edited by H. H. Henson ; d. Catalogue of the Library of Oriel 
College in the XlVth Centucy, edited by C. L. Shadwell ; c. Daily 
ledger of John Dome, bookseller in Oxford, 1520, edited by 
F. Madan; d. All Souls College versus Lady Jane Staflford, 1587, 
edited by C. R, L. Fletcher ; e. Account Book of James Wilding, 
Undergraduate of Merton College, 1682-88, edited by E. G. Duff; 
y. Dr. Wallis's Letter against Maidwell, 1700, edited by T. W. 
Jackson.) With two illustrations, pp. viii + 358. (i6s,) 

1886. 

6. Magdalen College and King James II, 1686-88. A series of 

documents collected and edited by the Rev. J. R. Bloxam, D.D., 
with additions, pp. Hi + 292. (i6j., to members of Magdalen 12^.) 

7. Heame's Collections [as No. 2 above]. Vol. II. (20 Mar. 

1707 — 22 May 1710), pp. viii + 480. {i6s.) 



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PUBLICATIONS {continued). 

8. Elizabethan Oxford. Reprints of rare tracts. Edited by the Rev. 

C. Plumher, M.A. (Contents: — a. Nicolai Fierberti Oxoniensis 
Academise description 1602 ; b. Leonard Hutton on the Antiqmties 
of Oxford; c. Queen Elizabeth at Oxford, 1566 [pieces by 
J. Bereblock, Thomas Nele, Nich. Robinson, and Rich. Stephens, 
with appendixes] ; d. Queen Elizabeth at Oxford, 1592, by Philip 
Stringer ; e. ApoUinis et Musarum Eidyllia per Joannem Sandford, 

1592), pp. XXXii + 316. (lOJ.) 

1887. 

9. Letters of Biohard Radoliffe and John James, of Queen's 

College, Oxford, 1749-88: edited by Margaret Evans. 
pp. xxxvi + 306. (15^., to members of Queen's los. 6d) 

10. Begister of the XTniversity of Oxford, vol. II (1571-1622), 
parti. Introductions. Edited by the Rev. Andrew Clark, MA. 
pp. xxxii + 468. (i 8j.) 

1887-8. 

11. Do. part 2. Matriculations and Subscriptions. Edited by 

the Rev. Andrew Clark, M.A. pp. xvi + 424. (i8j.) 

1888. 

12. Do. part 3. Degrees. Edited by the Rev. Andrew Clark, MA. 

pp. viii + 448. (17^.) 

13. Heame's Collections [as No. 2 above]. Vol. III. (25 May 

1710 — 14 December, 1712), pp. viii + 5i6. (i6j.) 

1889. 

14. Begister of the XTniversity of Oxford, vol. n, part 4, Index. 

Edited by the Rev. Andrew Clark, M.A., pp. viri+468. (17^.) 

15. Wood's History of the City of Oxford. New Edition, By the 

• Rev. Andrew Clark, M.A. Vol.1. The City and Suburbs. With 
three Maps and several Diagrams, pp. xii + 660. (25^., to 
citizens of Oxford 20s, ; the two Maps of old Oxford separately, 
not folded, is, 6</., to citizens is,) 

1890. 

16. CoUeotanea, tod series, edited by Professor Montagu Burrows. 

(Contents :— a. The Oxford Market, by O. Ogle ; b. The Uni- 
versity of Oxford in the Twelfth Century, by T. E. Holland ; 
c. The Friars Preachers of the University, edited by H. Rashdall; 



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PUBLICATIONS {conitnued). 

d. Notes on the Jews in Oxford, by A. Neubauer ; e, Linacre's 
Catalogue of Grocyn's Books, followed by a Memoir of Grocyn, 
by the Editor; / Table-Talk and Papers of Bishop Hough, 
1 703-1 743, edited by W. D. Macray; g. Extracts from the 
'Gentleman's Magazine' relating to Oxford, 1 731-1800, by F. J. 
Haverfield. Appendix: Corrections and Additions to Collectanea, 
vol. I. (Day-book of John Dome, Bookseller at Oxford, a.d. 
1520, by F. Madan, including *A Half-century of Notes' on 
Dome, by Henry Bradshaw.) With one diagram, pp. xii + 5 1 8. ( 1 6 j. ) 

17. Wood*B History of the City of Oxfor<L [as No. 15 above]. 
Vol. II. Churches and Religious Houses. With Map and 
Diagram, pp. xii + 550. (aor., to citizens of Oxford i6j. ; Map 
of Oxford in 1440, separately, not folded, 9</., to citiaens 6d) 



1890-91. 

18. Oxford City Doctunents, financial and judicial, 1 268-1665. 

Selected and edited by J. E. Thorold Rogers, late Drummond 
Professor of Political Economy in the University of Oxford, 
pp. Viii + 440 + a loose leaves, (i 2 j.) 

• 

1891. 

19. The Life and Times of Anthony Woody antiquary, of 

Oxford, 1632-1695, described by Himself. Collected from 
his Diaries and other Papers, by the Rev. Andrew Clark, M.A. 
Vol.1: 1632-1663. With Illustrations, pp. xvi+520. (20J.) 

20. The Grey Friars in Oxford. Part I, A History of the Con- 

vent ; Part II, Biographical Notices of the Friars, together with 
Appendices of original documents. By Andrew G. Little, M.A. 
pp. xvi+372. (16s,) 



1892. 

21. The Life and Times of Anthony Wood [as No. 19]. Vol. 11. 

1664-1681. With Illustrations, pp. xxviii+576. (20J.) 

22. Beminisoenoes of Oxford, by Oxford men, 1559-1850. 

Selected and edited by Lilian M. Quiller Couch, pp. 
xvi+430. (17^., to members of the University loj. 6d,) 



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PUBLICATIONS {conimtud). 

1892-93. 
28. Index to Wills proved and AdminiBtrations granted in 
the Oonrt of the Archdeacon of Berks, 1608-1652. Edited 
by W. P. W. Phillimore, M.A. (Issued in conjunction with 
the British Record Society.) pp. viii + about 220. (lor.) 

1898. 
24« Three Oxfordshire Parishes. A History of Kidlington, 
Yamton and Begl>roke. By Mrs. Bryan Stapleton. With 
a coloured map. pp. xvi + 400. ( 1 5^.) 

26, The History of Corpus Christi College, with Lists of its 
Members. By Thomas Fowler, D.D., President of the 
College. With illustrations, pp. xvi +482. (17^., to members 
of Corpus 1 2s. 6d,) 

Forthcoming Publications {subject to alteration). 

1894. 
26. The Life and Times of Anthony Wood [as No. 19]. Vol. Ill : 
168J-1695. With Illustrations, pp. xxx + 546. 

[Now ready for issue to members who have paid their 
subscription for 1894; but not yet published?^ 



The 4th (and last) vol. of Clark's edition of Wood's Life and Times, 
the 3rd (and last) vol. of the same Editor's Wood's History of 
the City of Oxford, the Cartulary of St, Frideswides edited by 
the Rev. S. R. Wigram, the 4th vol. of Hearnes Diaries edited 
by C. E. Doble, Esq., the Place Names of the diocese of Oxford, 
and other volumes are in active preparation. 



A full description of the Society's work and objects can be obtained by applica- 
tion to any of the Committee (Rev. Andrew Clark, 30 Wamborough Road ; 
P. Lyttelton Cell, Esq., Headington Hill; Falconer Madan, Esq. {Hon, 
Treasurer), 90 Banbury Road ; the Rev. the Provost of Queen's College 
(Dr. Magrath); and C. L. Shadwell, Esq., Frewin Hall, Oxford). The 
annual subscription is one guinea, and the published volumes as a set can be 
obtained by new members at one-fourth the published price (i. e. lOx. Qd, 
a year). 

fan. 1893. 



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