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Full text of "Ticks, a monograph of the Ixodoidea. Bibliography of the Ixodoidea"

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TICKS 

A MONOGRAPH OF THE 

IXODOIDEA 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 



CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS 

iLonUon: FETTER LANE, E.C. 

C. F. CLAY, Manager 



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TICKS 

A MONOGRAPH OF THE 

IXODOIDEA 



By 

GEORGE H. F. NUTTALL 

M.A., M.D., Ph.D., Sc.D., F.R.S. 

Fellow of Magdalene College 
Quick Professor of Biology in the University of Cambridge 

CECIL WARBURTON 

M.A., F.Z.S. 
Christ's College, Zoologist to the Royal Agricultural Society 

W. F. COOPER and L. E. ROBINSON 

B.A.,.F.Z.S., F.L.S. A.R.C.Sc. (Lond.) 

of the Cooper Laboratory for Economic Research, Watford 



BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE IXODOIDEA 

BY 

GEORGE H. F. NUTTALL, F.R.S., 
L. E. ROBINSON and W. F. COOPER 



Cambridge 

at the University Press 

191 1 







45" S 



(JTambrtliecf: 

PRINTED BY JOHN CLAY, M.A. 
AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS 



■/ 



PREFACE TO THE BIBLIOGRAPHY 

IT was our original intention to issue the complete bibliography of 
the Ixodoidea after all the parts of this work had appeared, but, 
owing to the unavoidable delay attending the publication of the separate 
parts and the present need of the bibliography for purposes of reference, 
we find it inadvisable to retard its publication any longer. 

This bibliography deals with ticks and their relation to disease: 
we trust that it will prove useful to workers engaged in the study of 
the subjects to which it relates, for it has entailed much labour owing 
to the literature being very scattered. Our bibliography contains 
2004 titles and includes full references to all the important papers 
hitherto published on ticks, as well as to papers of lesser merit. A 
few papers dealing more especially with the diseases which ticks convey 
have been included because of the general information they contain 
and the aspect they afford of the important part which ticks play in 
pathology ; some of these papers, moreover, contain useful bibliographies. 

Since it is certain that references to,' future literature will be 
required in connection with the forthcoming parts of this work, we 
propose to append any such references in the form of Addenda at the 
end of the succeeding parts so that they can be detached and added to 
the main bibliography. We would advise our readers to bind the 
bibliography separately ; some blank pages, provided at the end, are 
intended for the reception of any additional references supplied on 
Addenda slips. 

Throughout the book the Harvard System of References to the 
bibliography has been adopted. Wherever an author has been cited in 
the text the date of publication (and usually the page) has been added 
in brackets. In the following bibliography the names of the authors 
are given in alphabetical order, the names being followed by the date 



vi Preface to the Bibliography 

of publication, the title of the paper and the Journal, etc. where the 
paper was published. The Roman numerals after the name of the 
Journal or book indicate the number of the volume, and the figures 
printed in ordinary type refer to the page. In some cases a short 
comment upon the contents of the publication accompanies the re- 
ference ; comments not followed by initials are by G. H. F. N., others 
are initialed by L. E. R. or W. F. C. Unless otherwise stated in the 
text or reference the quotations are from the original papers. 

In a number of cases titles have been cited from short bibliographies 
given by other authors, the original papers being either inaccessible or 
not having been as yet consulted by us in the original. The bibliographies 
referred to are by Hunter and Hooker, 1907, Salmon and Stiles, 1901, 
and Stiles and HassaU's Index, 1902, which is still appearing (abbreviated 
to H. and H. bibl., S. and S. bibl. and S. and H. bibl. in our bibliography) 
Some references are taken from Neumann, Huber, and other sources, 
including the Zoological Record and the Bibliographia Zoologica (Zool. 
Anzeiger). L. E. Robinson and W. F. Cooper have checked a number 
of the references. We are indebted to C. Warburton for kindly aiding 
with the translation of some extracts from the writings of classical 
authors. 

We shall be very grateful to readers who may draw our attention to 
errors or omissions in the bibliography. 

G. H. F. N. 
L.E. R. and W.F.C. 

Cambridge, 
./,//y, 1911. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE IXODOIDEA 

Abn Mansur Muwaffak (?), vide Robert, Histol. Studien, in. pp. 143, 153. Cit. 
Huber bibl., 1910, p. 21. 

Absolon, Ph. C. K. (1899), Ueberdie Fauna der Hohlendes mahrischen Devonkalkes. 
Zool. Anz., xxn. 321-325. (Refers briefly to the occurrence of Eschatocephal us 
gracilipes Frauenfeld, on Chiroptera hibernating in caves, (l.e.r.)) 

Aclogue, A. (1905), Les Argas. Le Cosmos, N.S., nil. 536 (inaccessible). 

(1907), Le mode de nocuite des Argas. Le Cosmos, N.S., lvi. 33-36. 

Agassiz, L. (1846), Nomenclatoris zoologici Index Universalis, continens nomina 

systematica classium, ordinum, famUiarum et generum animalium omnium, 
tarn viventium quam fossilium, secundum ordinem alphabeticum vnicum disposita 
adjectis homonymiis plantar um, necnon variis adnotationibus et emendationibus, 
pp. viii + 393, 4°, Soloduri. (Only lists genera : Argas, Ixodes, etc.) 
Ajutolo, G. d' (1898), Nuovi casi di Argas refiexus parassita dell' uomo. Rend. 
Accad. 1st. Bologna, n. 222-223. 

(1900), Argas reflexus parassita dell' uomo. Mem. Accad. Bologna, 8 pp., 

4 Figs., 4°. (Cit. Huber, bibl. 1910, p. 21.) 

Aldrovandi, U. (died 1605, publ. posth. 1638), de Insectis. Citations, translated 
by us, from extracts of the Latin original in Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 4 : Lib. v. 
pp. 559 et seq., cap. v. the author gives the names of the tick in different 
countries: Hundlaus, Zecke, Holzbock (Germany); Hondtsluejis (Belgium); 
Rezna, Garapato (Spain). He would explain the Italian word cecca as 
derived from the gut ending blindly, thus reverting to the myth of Pliny. 
P. 554: "one often notices that dogs, on leaving home, are free from Ticks 
(ricinus), but on returning from the fields, where there is much thick, tall grass, 
they are infested by both kinds, great and small." P. 561, Pliny praises the 
blood, obtained from ticks, as a remedy for chronic ulcers. " If a fistula 
succeeds to an old disease... the blood of a tick which an ox has nurtured" will 
cure the condition. 

Allan, R. R. (1881), Septicemia from a Tick Wound. Lancet, n. 403. (Cit. Nuttall, 
1899, p. 42.) 

Allen, W. E. (20. XII. 1905), Internal Morphology of the American Cattle Tick. 
Studies from the Zool. Lab., University of Nebraska, No. 67, 4 PL, pp. 245-280 ; 
also Trans. American Micr. Soc, xxvi. 245 et seq., 4 Pis. 

Almy (10. X. 1901), Nouveaux cas de piroplasmose canine. Bulletin de la Soc. 
centr. de me'd. ve'te'r., pp. 375-380. 

see Nocard. 

n. 1. 1 1 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea altari 

Alt, K. (1892 a), Die Taubenzecke als Parasit des Menschen. Miinchen. med. 

Wochenschr., xxxix. 531-533, 2 Figs. (Cit. Xuttall, 1899, p. 45, A. reflexus.) 
(1892b), Die Taubenzecke als Parasit des Menschen. Thiermcd. Rundschau, 

Halle a. S., vi. 265-269. (1 Sept. ; A. reflexus.) 

(1893), Die Taubenzecke als Parasit des Menschen. Centralbl. f. Bacteriol., 

xiv. 468. (Rev. by Kniippel.) 

Amaral Leal, J., and Sant'Anna, J. F. (1909), Ornithodorus moubata in Lourenco 
Marques. Arch. Med. Lisbon, n. 87-88. 

Anderson, J. F. (1903), Spotted fever (Tick fever) of the Rocky Mountains. A new 
disease. Treasury Dept., Public Health and Marine Hosp. Service of the U.S'., 
Hygienic Laboratory Bulletin, No. 14, 50 pp. (3 col. plates, 2 photos, charts and 
maps). 

Anon. (?), Australian Ticks. Amer. Micr. Journ., xxi. 123. 

Anonymous author (1702), An extract of some letters sent to Sir C. H. relating to 
some microscopal (sic) observations. Communicated by Sir C. H. to the 
publisher. Philos. Trans., London, xxm. 1362 (1702-1703). (Found a small 
black tick attached to his arm after a walk in the woods. Describes the mouth- 
parts and refers to figs, which do not accompany the text. His description of 
the hypostome of the " wood-tick " might apply to that of ricinus £ . In the 
" dog-tick " there were 8 teeth in a row on the " snout " (hypostome), which is 
aptly compared to the proboscis of a swordfish.) 

Aragao, H. de B. (1908), Algumas novas especies de carrapatos brazilieros. 
Trabalho do Lnstituto de Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, reprint 19 pp. no figs. 
(Haemaphysalis kodii, Amblyomma lutzi { = A. cooperi Nutt. and Warb.), 
Amblyomma braziliense, Amblyomma parvum, n.spp.) 

(8. VI. 1908). Mais uma nova especie de carrapato brazileiro. Brazil-Medico 

(Rio de Janeiro), xxn. 251-252 {Amblyomma mantiquirense, n.sp.). 

(22. XI. 1908), Mais um novo carrapato brazileiro. Brazil-Medico (Rio de 

Janeiro), xxir. 431-432 {Amblyomma pseudoconcolor, n.sp.). 

Aristotle (384-322 B.C.), Hist. anim. ed. Frankf. 1587 (full quotations from the 
Greek original are given by Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 2). We glean the following: 
p. 142, 1 : " Ticks (Kporcovfj) come out of the grass." P. 151, 22 : "The ass has no 
lice nor ticks ; oxen have both... among dogs Cynorhaestes {Kwopmarai) are 
plentiful." Theodorus Gaza interprets the latter as meaning ricinus, "a 
disgusting parasitic animal"; Cratander's (ed. Basil., 1534) Latin version reads 
"the tick {ricinus) is natural to dogs and takes its name Cynorhaestes from the 
dog" ; Gaza, on the other hand, renders /crotch- = redivus [reduvius] : "except the 
ass, which not only has no lice, but is even immune to the tick." Aristotle 
{Rhetoric, lib. n. cap. ii. ed. Didot, 1848, vol. I., p. 370, b) recounts a story of 
^Esop : "A fox, crossing a river, got into difficulty ; she had many ticks adhering 
to her body. A hedgehog wandering that way pitied her and asked her if she 
wanted the ticks pulled off, but she did not ; when the hedgehog asked her 
'why,' 'because,' said she, 'they are already full of me and they are drawing very 
little of my blood, whereas if you tear these out, other famished ones will come 
along who will take the little blood that is left to me.'" The name of Croton is 
derived from the tree called Kporcov whose yellowish, greasy seed resembles the 
tick. The saying " more healthy than a tick " appears, according to Zenobius, 
a.d. 200, to refer to the belief that the tick possessed no vent. 

2 1—2 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea ari ban 

Aristotle (384-322 B.C.), The Works of Aristotle translated into English under the 

Editorship of J. A. Smith and W. D. Ross. Vol. iv. : Historia Animalium by 

D'Arcy W. Thompson, Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1910. (P. 552 a, 15 occurs the 

passage: "The tick is generated from couch grass.") 
Ashburn, P. M. (1908), A comparative study of Tsutsugamushi Disease and 

Spotted or Tick fever of Montana. Boston Med. Surg. Journ., CLVin. 749-761. 
Ashburn, P. M. and Craig, C. F. (I. 1908), A comparative study of Tsutsugamushi 

disease and spotted or tick fever of Montana. Philippine Journ. of Set., B. 

Med. Sci., in. 1-29. (A useful summary of what is known about spotted fever.) 
Ashworth, J. H. (20. III. 1909), Some recent work on Ticks. Veterinary News, 

vi. 133-134. (Brief reference to hatching of /. ricinus eggs as cited in our text 

p. 300, otherwise nothing original.) 
Audouin, J. V. (1827), Description de VEgypte, ou recueil des observations et des 

recherches qui ont ete faites en Egypte pendant l'expedition de l'anne'e francaise, 

publie par les ordres de sa majeste l'empereur Napoleon le Grand, ed. 2, xxii. 

Zoologie. 

(1832), Lettres pour servir de materiaux a l'histoire des Insectes. Premiere 

Lettre, contenant des Recherches sur quelques Araignees parasites des genres 
Pteropte, Can's, Argas, et Ixode, adressee a M. Leon Dufour. Ann. d. sci. nat., 
Paris, xxv. 401-425, Pis. IX, Figs. 8-10 ; XIV, Figs. 1-4. (Argasidae and 
Ixodidae.) 

(1836), "Arachnida" in Todd's Cyclopedia of Anatomy and Physiology, 1. 200. 

(Classification according to Duges; p. 203 mouth-parts of Argas described, also 

spiracle of/, erinacei. Cit. Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 12.) 
Aurivillius, C. W. S. (1886a), En fasting sasom endoparasit (Ixodes). Eat. Tidskr., 

Stockholm (2), vn. 105-111, Figs. 3. 

(1886 b), Un Ixode endoparasite (Resume of foregoing). Ent. Tidskr., vn. 

139-142. 

Austen, E. E. (1906), An insect enemy of the disseminator of human tick fever in 
Angola. Journ. Trop. Med., Lond., ix. 113. (Describes Phonergatesbicoloripes, 
sent by Wellman.) 



Baldasseroni, V. (1908), "Ixodes ricinus" L. infetto da embrioni di Filaria. Bull. 

Soc. Eutom. Ital., Anno xxxv. 171-174. 
Balfour, A. (1904), First Report of the Wellcome Research Laboratories at the 

Gordon Memorial College, Khartoum. Printed by the Department of Education, 

Sudan Government, Khartoum. 83 pp. Numerous figures. 6 coloured plates. 

28 x 20 cm. 
Banks, C. S. (1904), The Australian Tick (Boophilus australis Fuller) in the 

Philippine Islands. [Publication] 14, Bureau of Gov't Lab's., Biological Lab. 

(Manila). Bull. No. 2, (Entomological Division), pp. 13-21, Figs. 1-23, reprint. 
Banks, N. (1895), The Acarina of Colorado. Ann. New York Acad. Sci., VIII. 

417-434. (Dermacentor americanus L. and Rhipicephahis sp. are only listed.) 
(1899), Reports upon the insects, spiders, mites, and myriapods collected on the 

Commander Islands Expedition. The Fur Seals and fur-seal islands of the 

North Pacific Ocean, Pt. 4, pp. 328-351. (Lists Ixodes borealis, supposes 

3 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea ban-bat 

/. fimbriatus Kramer and Neuiaan to be the male. Cit. Hunter and Hooker, 
1907, p. 73.) 
Banks, N. (1901a), Acarina in "Some Spiders and other Arachnida from Southern 
Arizona." Proc. U. S. Nat. Museum, xxm. 59<). (A. persicus and Ixodes sp. not 
identified.) 

(1901b), Some Arachnida from New Mexico. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci., Phila- 
delphia, liii. 568-597. {A. persicus found at Ueniing.) 

(1902b), Papers from the Hopkins-Stanford Galapagos Expedition, 1898-1899, 

vol. vil, Entomological Results (6), The Arachnida. Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., 
iv. 70, PI. II, Fig. 9. (Argas transversa, n.sp., and mention of Amblyomma 
pilosum Nn. both at Albemarle Island.) 

(1904a), Some Arachnida of California. Proc. California Acad. Sci. (3), in. 

331-376, PI. XLI, Fig. 57 (Zoology). 

(1904 b), A treatise on the Acarina or Mites. Proc. U. S. National Mus., xxvni. 

1-114, 201 text-figs. (Ticks : pp. 42-49, Figs. 71-85.) 

(1904 c), The Arachnida of Florida. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci., Phila., lvi. 120-147. 

(Boophilus annulatus Say, Ixodes scapularis Say, Dermacentor americanus Linn., 
Amblyomma tuberculatum Marx, only listed.) 

(1907), A catalogue of the Acarina, or Mites, of the United States. Proc. U. S. 

Nat. Mus., xxxii. 595-625. 

(VIII. 1907), [Classification of ticks, summary of paper]. Proc. Entomol. Soc. 

Washington, vm. 62. (Cit. Banks, 1908, p. 14.) 

(1908), A revision of the Ixodoidea, or Ticks of the United States. U. S. Dep't 

of Agricidt., Bureau of Entomology, Technical Series No. 15. 60 pp., 10 Plates. 
Washington, D.C. (issued 6. vi. 1908). 

(1908 a), Tick-borne diseases and their origin. Journ. Econ. Entomol. I. 

213-215. 

(I.-III. 1910), New American Mites (Arachnoidea, Acarina), Proc. Entomolog. 

Soc, Washington, XII. 2-12, PI. I— III (Ornithodorus marginatus, n.sp. and 
Ixodes aequalis, n.sp.). 

(VI. 1910), Three new ticks from the United States. Proc. Entomol. Soc. 

Washington, x. 170-173, Figs. 12-17. (Dermacentor modestus, Aponomma 

inomata, Ixodes texanus.) 

Barber, C. A. (1894-95), Notes on Ticks. Leeward Islands Agricult. Journ. 1894, 
No. 2, p. 36 ; No. 3, p. 57. Reprinted in Journ. Trinidad Field- Naturalists' 
Club, ii., pp. 161, 183, 197, 228, 252. See also Agric. Gazette, New South Wales, 
vi. 717. 

(1895), The effects produced by ticks upon their hosts. From the Leeward 

Islands Agricultural Journal, 1894. Reprinted in Journ. of the Trinidad Field- 
Naturalists' Club, pp. 197-204. 

(27. VI. 1895 and 8. VIII. 1895), The Tick pest in the Tropics. Nature, ui. 

197-200, 1 Fig. ; also Agricult. Journ., Cape Town, XVIII. 419-421. 

Barnes, A. W. (1896 a), Tick fever in Queensland. (Read before Centr. Queensland 
Farmers' and Selectors' Ass., Aug. 1.) Vet. Journ. and Ann. Compar. Pathol., 
Lond., xliii. 300-303. Discussion, pp. 303-305. (S. and H., bibl.) 

Batelli, A. (1891a), Note auatomo-fisiologiche sugli Ixodini. Monitore zool. ital., 
Firenze, Anno II, No. 4, pp. 78-84 ; No. 5, pp. 98-104, 1 Fig. 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea bat ber 

Batelli, A. (1891 b), Anatomical and physiological notes on Ixodklae. (Abstract of' 
Batelli, 1891a.) Journ. Roy. Micr. Soc, Lond. 2nd ser., XL 731-732. 

(1892 a), Note anatomo-fisiologiche sngli Ixodini (communicazione preventiva . 

Bull. Soc. entom. ital., Firenze, xxiii. 218 235, 1 Fig. 

(1892 b), Notes on Ixodidae. (Abstract of Batelli, 1891 a and 1892 a.) Journ. 

Roi/. Micr. Soc, Lond. 2nd ser. xn. 602-603. (Cit. S. and 11. bibl., 1902.) 

Bayle-Barelle, G. (1824 a), Degli insetti nocivi all' uomo, alle bestie, air agricoltura, 
idle ortaglie, ec. ec. Coi mezzi che impiegar si debbmio per ilistruggerli o 
tenerli lontani, e rimediare a' rnali che possano a ercagionato. Opera riprodotta 
da A. Ascona. x. pp. 1 PI., 143 pp., 4 Pis. 12°, Milano. (S. and H. bibl.) 

Beardslee, H. C. (1884), Cattle tick on human body. Bull. Xo. 4, Div. Ent., U. S. 
Dept. Agric, Washington, pp. 84, 85. (S. and S. bibl.) 

Beille, L. see Dubreuilh. 

BeinaroviC, S. K. (1909), Die Milben N.-W. Russlands als Vermittler der Infection 
des Hornviehs mit Haemoglobinurie. 1-te Mitt. Anatomie, Biologie und 
pathogene Natur von Ixodes reduvius. Arch, veterin. nauk. St Petersburg, 
xxxvu. 1-43. [Russian.] 

Belval, Th. (1861), Note sur V Ixodes poor tmani. Bull, de I' Acad. roy. de Belgique, 
(2 ser.) xi. 97-101, 1 coloured plate. 

Beneden, P. J. van (1873), Les parasites des Chauves-Souris de Belgique. Mem. 
de V Acad. Roy. de Belgique, XL. 8. {Ixodes lividus van Beneden : only a 
nominal sp. found but once on Yespertilio pipistrellus, referred to in two lines, 
detailed description promised.) 

(1883), Animal Parasites and Messmates. 3rd ed., 83 Figs., 274 pp. London : 

Kegan Paul, Trench and Co. (brief mention of Ticks). 

see Gervais. 

Bennewitz (1838 a), Der Holzbock, als Hchmarotzerthier auf der Haut des Menschen 
beobachtet. Journ. d. pract. Heilk., Berlin, lxxxvii. 126-128. (Cit. S. and H. 
bibl., 1902.) 

Berlese, A. (1885), Acarorum systematis specimen. Boll, della Soc. Ent. Italiana, 
xvii. 121-144. 

(1888), Acari Austro-Americani. Ibid. xx. 193. 

(1888-1892), Acari, Myriopoda et Scorpiones hucusque in Italia reperta. Padua. 

[Re Ticks : see Fasciculi 47 and 49 (1888), 55 (1889), 58 (1891), 61 (1892).] 

(1889), Acari africani tres illustrati. Attid. Soc. veneto-trentina disc, naturali, 

x. 289-300, PI. VII, Figs. 2-4. (Cit. Neumann, re Hyal. utriculus Berlese and 
Orn. savignyi Audouin.) 

(1897), Ricerche sugli organi e sulla funzione della digestioue negli Acari. 

Rivista di Patologia vegetale, Padova, v. 129-195, PI. VIII-IX, Figs. 36. 

Berlese, A., and Trouessart, E. (1889), Diagnoses d'Acariens nouveaux ou peu 

connus. Bull, de la Bibliotheque scientif. de VOuest, II. 130. (Cit. Neumann 

re Ambly omnia strobeli Berlese and Trouessart.) 
Bernard, H. M. (read 21. IV. 1892, publ. 1894), Some observations on the relation 

of the Acaridae to the Arachnida. Linnean Soc. Journ. — Zoology, xxiv. 279-291, 

PI. XX. 

(19. IV. 1893), Notes on some of the digestive processes in Arachnids. Journ. 

Roy. Microsc. Soc. 1893, pp. 427-443, PI. VI. 

5 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea ber bla 

Bertkau, Ph. (1880), Verzeichniss der von Prof. Ed. van Beneden auf seiner im 

Auftrage der belgischen Regierung unternommenen wissenschaftlichen Reise 

nach Brasilien nnd La Plata i. J. 1872-1875, gesammelten Arachniden. M4m. 

couron. et Mem. d. sav. etrangeres publ. par V Acad. Roy. d. sci., d. lettres et des 

beaux-arts de Belgique, Bruxelles, xliii. pp. 120, Pis. I, II. [Ixodidae 

mentioned pp. 109, 110, not figured.] 
(1881), Bruchstiicke aus der Lebens-, nainentlich Fortpflanzungsgeschichte 

unserer Zecke, Ixodes ricinus. Verhandl. d. naturhist. Ver. d. preussischen 

Rheinlande und Westfalens. Jahrg. 38, Bonn 1881, Sitzungsberichte, pp. 

145-148. 
Besanez, W. and Gr. (1848), Guania ein wesentlicher Bestandtheil gewisser Secrete 

wirbelloser Thiere. Gelehrte Anzeigen herausgeg. v. Mitgliedern d. K. Bayer.- Akad. 

d. Wissensch. xxvn. (Cit. Batelli, 1891, p. 99, re urinary seer, in Arachnida.) 
Bianconi. G. A. (1867), Sul Rhynchoprion columbae Herm. o Argas rejiexus Latr. 

con una Tavola. Mem. dell' Accad. d. sc. dell' Istituto di Bologna (2), vn. 107- 

112, 1 PL 
Bielitzer, A. W. (1908), Untersuchungen fiber die Piroplasmose der Pferde im Jahre 

1907 im Gouv. Rjazan. Arch, veterin. nauk. St Petersburg, xxxviii. 123-160, 

235-263, mit 4 Taf. u. 1 Tab. [Russian.] 

see Marzinowski. 

Billings, F. (1893), Southern Cattle Fever {Texas Fever). 3rd ed. Lincoln, 

Nebraska, U.S.A., 1893 (rev. in Baumgarten's Jahresb., 1893, p. 139. Cit. 

Nuttall, 1899.) 
Birch- Hirschfeld, F. V., and Johne, A. (1889 a), Die thierischen und pflanzlichen 

Parasiten des Menschen (und der Hausthiere). In F. V. Birch- Hirschfeld's 

Lehrb. der pathol. Anat. 4th ed., vol. I. : Allgemeine pathologische Anatomie. 

Leipzig, pp. 276-397, 73 Figs. (S. and H. bibl.) 
Bird, Wm. N. D. (1899), Texas fever tick (Boophilus bovis), Tenn. Farmer, Nashville, 

xix. 1-5, Figs. 1-6. (Inaccessible. S. and S. bibl.) 
Birula, A. (1894), Ixodes calcaratus, n.sp. Arb. Zool. Lab. St Petersburg, 1894, 

p. 137 ; also in Trudni St Petersb. Obsch. (Russian), xxiv. 137. 

(1894 and 1895), Ixodidae novi vel parum cogniti Musei Zoologici Academiae 

Caesareae Scientiarum Petropolitanae. i. Bull, de I'Acad. Imp. des Sc. de 
St Pe'tersboiirg, ser. 5, II. (4), April, pp. 353-3G4, Pis. I, II. 

Bishopp, F. C. (30. III. 1911), The distribution of the Rocky Mountain Spotted- 
fever Tick. U. S. Dept. of Agric, Bureau of Entomol., Circular No. 136, 4 pp., 
1 Map. (Dermacentor venustus Banks.) 

Blanchard, R. (?)> "Parasites Animaux" in Bouchard's Traite de Pathol. Ge'ne'rale, 
vol. ii. Paris. 

(1890), Traite de la Zoologie medicale, n. 883 pp., Figs. 388-883. (Refers 

to different Argasidae.) 

(23. X. 1891), Penetration de Y Ixodes ricinus sous la peau de l'homme. Compt. 

rend. Soc. Biol., Paris, s. 9, in. 689-691. 

(1908), L' Argas reflexus et les maladies infectieuses. Bull. Soc. Entomol., 

France, 238-241. 

(V. 1909), L'Insecte et I'Infection, histoire naturelle et medicale des arthropodes 

pathogenes. Premier fascicule : Acariens, 160 pp., 197 illustrations in the text. 
Paris : Librairie Scientifique et Litteraire. 

G 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea blu bra 

Blumenbach (1830!, Handbuch der Naturgeschickte. (Includes ticks in the genus 
Acarus, being characterised by "Oculi duo ad latera capitis, tentacula duo 

articulata." Citation from Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 9.) 
Bocquillons (?), Storia med. fra gti Aracnidi, p. 113. Cit. Bianconi, 1867, 

p. 107. (Casual reference to Argas reflexus.) 
Bolivar I. 1909), El " Argas reflexus" en Espaiia. Bol. Soc. EspaTi. Ili<t. Sat. ix. 

157-161. 
Bonnet, A. (17. VIII. 1903), Sur le developpement post-embryonnaire des Ixodes. 

C. R. Acad. Sciences, cxxxvu. 419, 420 ; also Bull. Inst. Pasteur, I. 828. 

(1906 a), Sur l'anatomie et l'histologie des Ixodes. C. R. Acad. Paris, CXLII. 

296-298. 

(1906b), On the Anatomy and Histology of the Ixodidae. Ann. M"g. Nat. 

Hist, xxvii. 509-511 (transl. of Bonnet, 1906 a). 

(1906 c), Sur les organes genitaux males et de la spermatogenese chez les 

Ixodes. Compte Rendu de V Assoc. Franeaise pour V Amncement des Sciences, 
35 Session (Lyon), 2e Partie, pp. 544-549, 5 Text-Figs. (Paris, 1907.) 

(1907), Recherches sur l'anatomie comparee et le developpement des Ixodides. 

Ann. Univ. Lyon, N. Ser., I. Fasc. 20, 1-185, Pis. I- VI. 

(1908), Apercu sur l'anatomie et la classification des Ixodes. Faune franeaise 

des Ixodides. Arch, de Parasitol., xn. 224-267, 44 Text-Figs. (General structure, 
biology and classification of ticks.) 

(X. 1908), Eschatocephalus flavipes (Koch), nouvel Ixodide pour la faune 

franeaise. Arch, de Parasitol., XII. 325-327, 3 Figs, (doubtful sp.). 

Bordier, A. (1882), L'argas persicus. Journ. de Therapeutique, ix. 131-133. (Cit. 

Xuttall, 1899, p. 47.) 
Borrel and Marchoux (1905), Argas et spirilles. Com.pt. rend. Soc. biol., lviii. 362- 

364. (A. persicus.) 
Boschulte (1860), Argas reflexus, als Parasit an Menschen. Virchovts Archiv, xvm. 

554-556. (Cit. Xuttall, 1899, p. 44.) 

(1879), Ueber den Argas reflexus. Virckovfs Archiv, lxxv. 562. (Cit. Xuttall, 

1899, p. 40.) 

Bosenberg, H. (1905), Beitrage zur Kenntniss der Spermatogenese bei den 

Arachnoiden. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Anat., xxi. 515, 3 pis. 
Brandes, G. (1892 a), Ueber die Argasidae. S.B. Ver. Sachs. Thiir., pp. 17 and 22. 

(1892 b), Ueber die Familie der Zecken. Ber. ii. d. Sitzungen d. naturforsch. 

Gesellsch. zu Halle im Jahre 1892, 8-11. 

(1894-5), Zur Anatomie von Ixodes. Zeitschr. Xaturwiss., lxvi. 405. 

(1897), Argas reflexus als gelegentlicher Parasit des Menschen. Centralbl. f. 

Bakteriol. u. Parasitenk., xxn. 747-752. (Cit. Xuttall, 1899, p. 45.) 

Braun, M. (1883), Die thierischen Parasiten des Menschen nebst einer Ardeitung vwr 
praktischen Beschiiftigung mit der Helm int hoi ogie fur Studirende und Acrztc, 
pp. i-viii + 1-233, Figs. 72. (See Braun, 1895.) 

(1895), Die thierischen Parasiten des Menschen: ein Handbuch fur Studirende 

und Aerzte, Wurzburg, ed. 2, pp. 283, Text-Figs. 147. (Ixodidae, see pp. 257- 
259, Figs. 127-130, none original.) 

(XI. 1906), The Animal Parasites of Man. London : John Bale, Sons and 

Danielsson, Ltd., 3rd edition, 453 pp., 294 illustrations in text. 26x17 cm. 
(Ticks, pp. 360-374, Figs. 236-239, none original and all poor. Numerous 
mistakes.) 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea bra but 

Braun, M , and Liihe, M. (1910), .1 Handbook of Practical Parasitology, translated 
by Linda Forster. 208 pp., 100 Text-Figs. London : John Bale, Sons and 
Danielsson, Ltd. (Ticks very inadequately described on pp. 177-180. Fig. 88 
of /. ricinus $ after Pagenstecher 1861 (!); Figs. 89, 90 of £ venter and 
? capitulum (after drawings by A. Dampf) are very good.) 

Brown, A. A. (1902), "Fowl Tick {Argas miniatus).'" Journ. Dep. Agric. Victoria, 
I. 86-90 and 209-212. (Inaccessible ; cit. Lounsbury, 1903, p. 6.) 

Bruce, D. (1905). The advance in our knowledge of the causation and methods of 
prevention of stock diseases in South Africa during the last ten years. Science, 
n.s., xxir. pp. 289-299, 327-333. (H. and H. bibl.) 

Brucker, E. A. (1901 a), La bouche des Ixodes (Acar.), Bull. Soc. enlom. de France, 
Paris (6), pp. 142, 143. 

Brumpt, E. (1901), Xotes et observations sur les maladies parasitaires. Arch, de 
ParasitoL, iv. 561-580. (P. 578 re effects of bites of 0. moubata.) 

(1908), Existence de la " Fievre des tiques " en Abyssinie. Quelques mots sur 

la biologie de YOrnithodorus moubata, acarien qui determine cette spirochetose. 
Bull. Soc. path, exot., Paris, i. 432-437. Discussion : M. Schneider. 

(1908 a), Transmission du Spirochaeta duttoni par YOrnithodorus savignyi et 

du <S^. gallinarum par YOrnithodorus moubata ; non-transmission des spirochetes 
de la faune americaine et algerienne par ce meme parasite. Bull. soc. path, 
exot. Paris, II. 285-288. 

(1910), Precis de Parasitologic, Paris: Masson & Cie, xxvi + 915 pp., 4 PL, 

683 Text-Figs, of which 240 are original. {Ticks: see pp. 510-540, Figs. 
343-386, of which 22 are original. Of special interest are those relating to 
A. persicus, A. reflexus (larva), 0. moubata and 0. brumpti.) 

Brumpt, E., and Foley (1908), Existence d'une spirochetose des poules a Spirochaeta 

gallinarum, R. BL, dans le Sud-Orauais. Transmission de cette maladie par 

Argas persicus. C. R. Soc. Biol. Paris, lxv. 132-134. 
Burmeister, H. (1835-43), Zool. Handatlas. (Refers to mouthparts of dog tick. Cit. 

Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 11.) 

(1837), Handbuch der Naturgeschichte, 858 pp., 12°, Berlin. (S. and S. bibl.) 

(1856), Zoonomische Briefe, n. 428. (Mentions salivary glands of Ixodes as being 

large, notes 6-legged larvae ; cit. Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 16.) 
Busk, Gr. (27. IV. 1842), Observations on the young of a species of Ixodes from 

Brazil. Trans. Microscop. Soc, I. 88-91. Plates 9 and 10. 
Butler, T. (1902), The breeds of beef cattle and beef production in North Carolina. 

North Carolina State Bd. Agric, Bull. 24, No. 7. (Pp. 48-51 deal with : "Cattle 

tick an obstacle to the development of the cattle industry." H. and H. bibl.) 
(1903), Report of State Veterinarian in Rept. C'omm. Agric. North Carolina for 

1902, pp. 40-47. (Regarding the cattle quarantine, the extermination of the 

cattle tick, losses from tick fever, and the tick an obstacle to the improvement 

of the quality of the cattle of the State. H. and H. bibl.) 
(1903 a), The cattle tick and its relation to the cattle industry of North 

Carolina. North Carolina State Bd. Agr., Bull. 24, No. 5, pp. 28, Figs. 2. 

(H. and H. bibl.) 

(1903 b), The cattle tick and the quarantine restrictions. North Carolina 

State Bd. Agric, Bull. 24, No. 10, pp. 30-37. (H. and H. bibl.) 

8 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea butcar 

Butler, T. (1906), Progress made in exterminating the fever tick (Boophilus mum- 
latus) in North Carolina. North Carolina Dept. <>f Agric. Circular (unnumbered) 
issued Jan. 1, 1906, pp. 4. Reprinted in part in "Farm and /{anch" vol. xxv. 
p. 7, April 14. (Deals with the most successful work that has been done in the 
practical eradication of the cattle tick. H. and H. bibl.) 

Buy, P. (VII. 1906), Histoire naturelle et medicate des Ixodes. These. Lyon, 73 pp., 
8°, Fig. (Huber, bibl. 1910, p. 18.) 

Calandruccio (IV. 1899), Grli ixodidi ectoparassiti dell' uomo. Bollettino delV 

Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania. Fasc, lix. pp. 4, reprint. 
Calinescu, J. see Mezinescu. 
Caiman, W. T. (15. IV. 1905), Ornithodorus savignyi var. caecum [should be caecus). 

Joum. Tropical Medicine, VIII. 124. (0. moubata.) 
Canestrini, G. (1884), Acari nuovi o poco noti. Atti del R. htituto Veneto di 

Scienze etc. (6), n. 705, PI. VI, Fig. 4 (mouthparts). (Haemaphysalis papuana 

Thorell.) 

(1890), Prospetto delV Acarofauna italiana; Famiglie: Tetranychini, Ixodini, 

Argasini, iv. 427-540, pis. xxxvii.-xliii. Padova. 

(VII. 1890 b), Intorno alia metamorfosi degli Ixodini (nota). Bull. Soc. Veneto- 

Trent. di Sc. nat., Padova, IV. 243, 244. (Short note on metamorphosis of Ixodes 
nymph.) 

(1891), Abbozzo del' sistema acarologico. Atti R. Istit. Venet. di Sc. (7), 

II. 699-725. (Cit. J. Martin, 1894, p. 277.) 

(1892a), Prospetto dell' Acarofauna italiana; Intorno alia metamorfosi degli 

Ixodini (Nota). Abbozzo del sistema acarologico ; Famiglia dei Phytoptini 
(Phytoptidae), v. 543-722, Tav. xliv.-lix. Padova. 

(1897), Nuovi Acaroidei della N. Guinea. Termhzetrajzi Fuzetek, Budapest, 

xx. 468, 469. (Opisthodon.) 
Canestrini, G., and Canestrini, R. (1882 a), Acari italiani, 3 Pis., 8°. (S. and H. 

bibl.) 
Canestrini, G., and Fanzago, F. (1876a), Nuovi acari italiani. Atti Soc. Veneto- 

Trent. di Sc. nat., Padova, v. 99-111 ; 130-142. (S. and H. bibl.) 

(1877), Intorno agli acari Italiani. Atti del reale Istituto Veneto di scienze, 

lettere ed arti, ser. 5, iv. (1877-78) (1 [for Nov., 1877]), 69-208, Tav. ii.-vi. 
(Reprint paged 1-140, citations made from the latter.) 

Cantor, Th. (1847), Catalogue of Reptiles inhabiting the Malay Peninsula and 

Islands. Joum. Asiatic Soc. of Bengal, xvi. 608. (Amblyomma geoemydae 

(Cantor); cit. Neumann, 1906, p. 214.) 
de Carlini (1889), Artropodi di Valtellina, estr. p. 11. Bull. Soc. entomol. italiana. 

Anno xxi. (Cit. Canestrini, 1890, p. 523, re Dermacentor reticulatus.) 
Carpenter (1858), Zoology, n. 227. (Ticks receive casual mention. Cit. 

Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 16.) 
Carpot, C (1886 a), Considerations sur les parasites penetrants de la peau dans les 

pays chauds et specialement au Senegal. These. Bordeaux, 64 pp., 4°. (S. 

and H. bibl.) 
Carr£, Ch. (1909), Note sur des larves d'Argas qui attaquent les poules eu Perse. 

Fee. Med. vete'r. Paris, lxxxvi. 172-173. 

N. I. 9 2 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea car chr 

Carter, R. M. (1907), The presence of Spirochaeta duttoni'm the ova of Ornithodorus 

moubat'i. Ann. Trop. Med. Liverpool, I. 155 L60, PI. X. 
Castellani, A., and Chalmers, A. J. (1910;, J/"/"/"/ <>/ Tmpii-ai .)/>■, /;,■>'„,; i -i \-i pp., 

14 Plates, 373 Text-Figs. London : Bailli&re, Tindall and Cox. (Ixodoidea 

treated of on pp. 460-487 ; Figs. 184-201, of which 8 are original ; the latter are 

"very well drawn and give a good general impression but are not accurate on 

morphological points.) 
Cato, M. Porcius (234-149 B.C.), ed. Gesneri 1781, cap. 96 (Latin citation in 

Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 2). In speaking of the treatment of sheep the author 

writes : " If you do this there will be no sores and the wool will be more 

plentiful and in better condition and the ticks (ricini) will not be troublesome." 
Celli, A., and Santori, F. S. (1897 b), Die Rindermalaria in der Campagna von Rom. 

(Synonyme : Texasfieber, Hamoglobinurie in Roman ien und Finland, Hamati- 

nurie in Sardinien und im Agro Romano.) (Transl. of Celli and Santori, 1897 a.) 

Centralbl. f. Bakteriol., Parasitenk. etc., Jena, 1. Abt., xxi. 561-572, PL IV, 

Figs. 1-56. 
Chabrier, F. (1807), Bemerkung iiber die Fortpflanzungsweise der Gattung Ixodes 

Fabr. Magazin fin- Insektenkunde ("Illiger's Magazin"). Braunschweig, vi. 

366-370. 
Chalmers, A. J. see Castellani. 
Charleton, Gr. (1668), Onomasticon zoicon plerorumque animalium differentials et 

nomina propria pluribus Unguis exponens. Cui accedunt mantissa anatomica ; 

et quaedam de variis fossilium generibus. 309 pp., with Figs. London. 

(S. and S. bibl.) 
(1677), Exercitationes de differentiis et nominibus animalium. (Cit. Gene, 184 4 ; 

ref. given in Fischer's transl. of Gene, 1849.) 
Chatelin (1882), [Effects of bite of A. refiexus on man]. Soc. Entomol. de France, 

Seance du 24. v. 1882. (Cited by Laboulbene and Megnin, 1882, p. 340, and 

Railliet, 1895, p. 717.) 
Chauvelot, E. (1904), Les babesioses. Doctor's Dissertation. Paris, F. R. de 

Rudeval, 94 pp. reprint. 
Chillada Melia, J. (1884), La ponzoha de la garrapata. Gac. d. I. hosp., Valencia, 

in. 172-175. 
Chilton, C (1904), A species of Ixodes parasitic on the Grey Duck. Trans. Proc. 

New Zealand Inst, xxxvi. 201-202. 
Chowning, "W. M. see Wilson. 
Christophers, S. R. (1906), The Anatomy and Histology of Ticks. Scientific 

Memoirs by Officers of the Med. and Sanit. Dep'ts of the Gov't of India, Calcutta, 

N.S., No. 23, Pis. I-VI, 55 pp. 
(1907 a), The sexual cycle of Leucocytozoon canis in the Tick. Sci. Mem. by 

Offic. of Med. and Sanit. Dep'ts, Gov't of India (N.S.), No. 28, 12 pp., 1 PL (see 

pp. 3-5 re Rhip. sanguineus). 
(1907 b), Piroplasma canis and its life-cycle in the tick. Scientific Menu. 

Officers Med. and Sanit. Dep'ts, Gov't India, Calcutta (N.S.), No. 29, 83 pp., 

4 Figs., 3 Pis. (Rhipicephalus sanguineus conveys the disease; other ticks 

mentioned.) 
Christy, C (1903), "Tick Fever" in Man. (Including a note by R. I. Pocock.) 

Brit. Med. Journ., n. 653 ; also appeared in Thompson and Johnston Laboratories 

Report, v. 187-189, PL XV. 

10 2—2 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea CHU-COM 

Churchill, A. (1892 a), Ticks on dogs. (Abstract of letter.) Vet. Journ. and Ann. 

Compar. Pathol., London, xxxiv. 393. 
Churchill, S. (1880 a), Note on Argas persicus. Proc. Entom. Soc. Lond., pp. xx-xxiii. 
Claude, and Soulie - (1901 a), Contribution a l'etude de la piroplasmose bovine en 

Algerie. Bull. Soc. centr. de me'd. vet., Paris, lv. n.s. xix. 478-484. (Discussion, 

pp. 484, 485.) 
Claus, C. (1876 and 1880), GrundzUge der Zoologie, 3rd ed. (1876), p. 574 ; also 4th 

ed. (1880), I. 652. (Contains no information worth noting and a mis-statement 

regarding mode of copulation in Ixodes.) 
(1886 a), On the heart of the Gamasidae and its significance in the phylogenetic 

consideration of the Acarida and Arachnoidea, and the classification of the 

Arthropoda. Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist., London, 5 s., xvn. 168-172, 1 Fig. 

(1887), Lehrbuch der Zoologie, 4te Aufl. Marburg and Leipzig : N. G. Elwert. 

[Pp. 470-474 give a brief description of chief features of Ixodes and reproduce 
three figures from Pagenstecher (1860, 1861) : Ixodes ricinus, general internal 
anatomy (Fig. 443); Argas, $ and £ sexual organs (Fig. 444); Ixodes, rostrum 
(Fig. 450).] 

Clayton, W. D. (1897 a), Ticks and Texas fever. (Reviewed.) American Vet. Rev., 
New York, xx. 727. (S. and H. bibl.) 

Cleland, J. B. (XI. 1909), A note on eosinophil cells in the exudate from tick bites 
on a horse. Proc. Roy. Soc. Med., London, in. 42, 1 Fig. (Amblyomma 
aegyptium [the author means Hyalomma aegyptium ; they were identified 
by Nuttall] imported recently into W. Australia on camels from India, 
ticks spreading, attack horses and cattle ; in horses attack tender parts 
and produce " exudation of a slimy, bloody discharge." The author figures the 
leucocytes in the wound discharges.) 

Cobb, J. 0. (1902), The so-called " spotted fever " of the Rocky Mountains. A new 
disease in Bitter Root Valley, Mont. Pub. Health Rep., Wash., xvn. 1868-1870 
[reviewed in Lancet, London, 1902, n. 840 ; also Med. Rec, N.Y., lxii. 540, 541 ; 
also American Med., Philadelphia, iv. 365, as "Strange Disease induced by 
Tick Bite " = 20 lines]. (It is only a report on the work of Wilson and Chowning, 
q.v.) 

Cobbold, T. S. (1879), Parasites; a treatise on the Entozoa of man and animals, 
including some account of the Ectozoa. Pp. xi + 508, figs. 85, London. 

(1882), Human parasites. A manual of reference to all the known species of 

Entozoa and Ectozoa which are found infesting man. 88 pp. London : Longmans, 
Green and Co. (Brief mention of ticks on pp. 77, 78.) 

Coinde, J. P. (1860 a), Note sur les epizoes parasites de l'homme et des animaux 
domestiques. Monit. d. sc. me'd. et pharm., Paris, 2 s., II. 995-997. (S. and H. 
bibl.) 

Collins, W. see Hunt, S. 

Columella, Jun. Moderat. (about 60 B.C.), ed. Gesneri, 1781, H. lib. vi., cap. 2 
(Latin citations in Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 3), writes of cattle which have been 
purchased: "to pass the hand under the belly... that ticks, which principally 
attack cows, may be removed." In lib. vil, cap. 13, p. Ill, referring to liquid 
tar : "by this same medicament the ticks which are touched fall down, for they 
must not be torn away, lest, as I have said before, they cause ulcers." 

Comte, C. see Nicolle. 

11 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea concra 

Conil, P. A. (1877 a), Description d'une nuuvelle espece d'ixode, Ixodes testudiuis. 

Adas Acad. National de Cientias Exactas, Buenos Aires, III. 25-37, PLs. I— III. 

(S. and S. bibl.) 
1 (1878b), Description d'une nouvelle espece d'ixode, /./<»/>.< uuricularius, ui. 

Ibid. in. 99-110, PI. IX, Figs. 1-8. 
(1878 c), Description d'une nouvelle espece d'ixode et de Gamase. 3 Pis., 4°. 

Buenos Aires. (S. and H. bibl.) 
Connaway, J. W. (1897), Texas fever, or acclimation fever. Bull. No. 37, Mo. 

Agric Exp. Sta., pp. 81-139, Figs. 11. (S. and S. bibl.) 

see Francis. 

Connaway, J. W., and Francis, M. (1899), Texas fever. Mo. Agr. Exp. Sta., Bull. 

48, pp. 66, Figs. 11. (H. and H. bibl.) 
Cook, A. J. (1887-8), Ticks. 21st Ann. Rep. State Board of Agric. Michigan 

(Lansing), pp. 403-409. 

(1889), Ticks on Western ponies. The Rural New Yorker, xi.viii. 229, 230, 

Figs. 81-83. (S. and S. bibl. Inaccessible.) 

Cook, A. R. (1904), Relapsing fever in Uganda. Joum. Trop. Med., 15 Jan., p. 24. 

(Epidemics of the disease in Budu and Mengo (Uganda), in 1903 ; found spiro- 

chaetes in the blood of patients : he observed the disease in 1899, at Mengo.) 
Cooley R. A. (1909), Preliminary report on the wood tick. Dennacentor sp. [In 

sixth annual report of the State entomologist of Montana.] Agric. Expt. Sta. 

Montana, Bull, No. 75, 95-108, PI. I. 
Cooper, D. (1842 a), (Note to Busk, George, 1842 b). Microsc. Joum., London, n. 

65-66. (S. and H. bibl.) 
Cooper, W. F. (IX. 1910), " Five-day-spraying." The Brown Tick and East Coast 

Fever. Joum. of Agricult. Sci., Cambridge, in. 285-296. 

see Nuttall. 

Cooper, W. F., and Robinson, L. E. (v. 1907), Note on a new South African Tick, 
Rhipicephalus phthirioides, sp.n. Linnean Soc. Joum. — Zoology, xxx. 35-38, 
4 Figs., PI. V (also private plate of 6 Figs.). Reprint. ( = Margaropus winthemi 
Karsch.) 

(15. II. 1908), On six new species of Ixodidae, including a second species of 

the new genus Rhipicentor N. and W. Proc. Cambr. Philos. Soc, xiv. 457-470, 
24 Figs. 

Cotton, E. C. (XII. 1908), Tick eradication. The life-history and habits of the 

North American Fever Tick, with special reference to eradication. Bull. 

Agric. Exper. Sta. Univ. of Tennessee, No. 81, pp. 53-71, 7 Text-Figs., reprint. 
Cotton, W. E. see Schroeder. 
Cox, C. J. (1864), [Ixodes ricinus on dogs and ferrets]. Proc. Entomol. Soc, 

London, n. 82-85. 
■ (1865 a), [Note on Ixodes ricinus infesting the skin of dogs]. Trans. Entomol. 

Soc, London, 3 s., n. ; Joum. Proc, pp. 82-83 (same as Cox, 1864). 

(1865b), [Dog-kennel infested with "Ixodes plumbeus"]. The Zoologist, 

London, xxm. 9503-9504 (same as Cox, 1864). 

Craig, C. F. (1898 b), The transmission of disease by certain insects : ticks, bedbugs, 
ants, etc. New York Med. Joum., lxviii. 593-599, Figs. 1-4. 

see Ashburn. 

12 



Bibliography of the Ixorfo'ulea CRA DAL 

Craybill, H. W. (1909), Methods of exterminating the Texas-Fever Tick. U. S. 

Dep't Agric. Farmers? Bull, No. 378. 1-30, 15 Figs. 
Curtice, C (27. XII. 1890), The Classification of American Ticks. Washington 

Biol. Soc. (Cit. Neumann.) 

(1891 a and b), The biology of the cattle tick. Jowrn. Co7n/»>r. Med. and 

Veter. Arch., XII. 313-319; also The Veterinarian, London, i.xiv. 080-680. 

(1892a), About cattle ticks. Journ. Comp. Med. awl Vet. Arch., xin. 1-7. 

(S. and S. bibl.) 

(1892 b), Parasites, being a list of those infesting the domesticated animals 

and man in the United States. Journ. Comp. Med. and Vet. Arch., xni. 223- 
236. (S. and S. bibl.) 

(1892 c), Cattle tick {Boophilus bovis Riley sp.). Biology. Bull. No. 24, Texas 

Agric. Exp. Sta., pp. 237-252, Pis. I, II. [The two plates and the essential 
parts relating to the biology of this tick are reprinted by Osborn (1896, pp. 258- 
259 ; PL IV- V).] 

(XII. 1892), The Cattle Tick {Boophilus bovis Riley sp.). Agricult. Journ. 

New South Wales, vn. 454 (reprinted from Bull. No. 24 Texas Agricult. 
Station: the same as Curtice 1892c). 

(1896). On the extermination of the cattle tick and the disease spread by it. 

Journ. Comp. Med. and Vet. Arch., xvn. 649-655. (P. 655, "I look most eagerly for 
the cleansing of even a portion of the infected territory under the direct intention 
of man, for it opens the way to pushing the ticks back to the Spanish isles and 
Mexico, and liberating cattle from disease and pests and the farmer untold 
money losses. Let your war cry be : Death to the ticks !") 

(1897 a), The cattle tick plague, and what maybe done to prevent it. Southern 

Planter, 58th year, pp. 24-27. (S. and S. bibl.) 

(1897 b), Texas fever. Southern Planter, pp. 116-117. (S. and S. bibl.) 

(1899), Cattle quarantine, ticks and distemper. North Carolina State Bd. 

Agric, Bull, (unnumbered). (H. and H. bibl.) 

(1899), Cattle quarantine line. North Carolina Agric. Exp. Sta., spec. Bull. 

52, pp. 1-28. (H. and H. bibl.) 

(1905), The cattle-tick plague. The Southern Planter, lxvi. 376-378. (A 

report of progress in extermination and a continuation of the two articles 
published in the above Journal, October, 1896, and January, 1897.) (H. 
and H. bibl.) 

Cuvier, G. (1833), Arachnidae, with additions by Griffiths and Pigeon. (Cited by 
George, 1876, p. 224, as referring to Argas persicus and A. pipistrellae (last 
figured). See Duges and Edwards (no date).) 

Dahl, F. (1885), Das Gehor- und Geruchsorgan der Spinnen. Arch. f. mikr. Anat. 

xxiv., PL 1, Fig. 8. (Re organ in spiders similar to Haller's organ in Ixodes ; 

includes matter treated of in an earlier paper : (1883) Zool. Anzeiger, p. 267.) 
Dalrymple, W. H. (1905), Texas fever, being a general summary of our knowledge 

of the subject to date. Bull. Agric. Exper. Sta., Louisiana State University 

and A. and M. College, Ser. 2, No. 84, 1 Map, 1 PL, 31 pp. 
(I. 1906), The Tick Theory [from American Veterinary Review, vTL, 1905], 

reviewed in Journ. of Trop. Veterinary Science, Calcutta, i. 115-117. 

13 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea dal doa 

Dalrymple, W. H., Morgan, H. A., and Dodson, W. R. (1898). Cattle tick and 
Texas fever. Re.sult.sof Experiments at. State Experiment Station, Baton Kmige, 
La. Bull. No. 51, Louisiana Exp. Sta., Ser. 2, pp. 230-282, 2 Figs., Pis. I-VI. 

(1899), Immunization against Texas fever by blood inoculation. Results of 

Experiments at State Experiment Station, Laton Rouge, La. Bull. Agrir. 
Exper. Sta., Louisiana State University and A. and Af. College, Ser. 2, No. 57, 
2 Figs., 2 Pis., pp. 146-185. 

Daniels, C. W., and Wilkinson, E. (1909), Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Part I. 
Diseases due to Protozoa, 264 pp. London: John Laic, Sods and Danielsson, 
Ltd. [Ticks : see p. 194, Fig. 43 Omithodorus saoignyi 9 , dorsum, venter, 
detail of side showing spiracle, pp. 229-230, Figs. 54-56, ventral aspects of 
capitulums of Ixodes (more like that of Amblyomma '.) Jlhipicephalus and 
Omithodorus. The text somewhat inaccurate.] 

Dekker (1858 a), Die Hunde-Zecke (Acarus reduvius). Yerhandl. v. versch. 
Veeartsnijk (1856-1857). (S. and H. bibl.) 

(1859 a), Die Hunde-Zecke (Acarus reduvius). Repert. d. Thterh., Stuttg., xx. 

237. (Abstract of preceding.) (S. and H. bibl.) 

Delprato, see Rivolta. 

Denny, H. (1843), Description of six supposed new species of Parasites. Ann. <>. 

Magaz. of Nat. History, xn. 312-314, PL XVII, Fig. 4. (Aponomma hydrosauri 

Denny.) 
Desnos, E., and Laboulbene, A. (1892 a). Un cas de tique dans l'espece humaine ; 

observation d'un fait d'lxodes reduvius ayant penetre sous la peau sans causer 

d'accidents. Bull, et mem. Soc. me'd. d. hop. de Paris, 3 s., IX. 681-684. 

(Discussion, p. 684.) 
Despres (1867), Bulletin de la Soc. de Chir., vin. 461. (Cited by Joly, 1898. 

Ixodes ricinus : pathogenic effects in man. ) 
Dinwiddie, R. R. (1892), Parasitism of domesticated animals. Bull. No. 20, Ark. 

Agric. Exp. Sta., pp. 31. (S. and S. bibl.) 

(1896), Texas cattle fever in various localities. Ark. Agric. Exp. Sta., report, 

1896, pp. 36-40. (A reprint from bulletin 40 of the station. Cit. H. and H. 
bibl.) 

(1898), Methods of combating communicable diseases of farm animals. Bull. 

No. 51, Ark. Agric. Exp. Sta., pp. 35-46. (S. and S. bibl.) 

Dixon, R. W. (23. VI. 1898), Heartwater experiments. Agric. Journ., Cape of Good 
Hope, xii. 754-760. (Experiments at infection through ticks sp. ? results 
doubtful.) 

Dixon, R. W., and Spreull, J. (1898 a), Tick experiments. Agric. Journ. , Cape 
Town, xiii. 691-695. 

(1898 b), Redwater experiments, Agric. Journ., Cape Town, xiii. 696-698. 

(1899 a), Tick experiments. (Same as Dixon and Spreull, 1898 a, and 1898 b.) 

Vet. Journ. and Ann. Compar. Pathol., London, xlviii. 11-16. 

Doane, R. W. (1910), Insects and Disease. Popular account of the way in which 
insects may spread or cause some of our common diseases. London : 
Constable & Co. Ltd., 21 x 14 cm., 227 pp., Frontispiece and 1 12 Figs. (Pp. 26-34, 
brief description of ticks and their relation to disease, Figs. 14-17 photographs 
of /. ricinus $? , B. annulatus larva and 9> Amblyomma variegatum 9; 
pp. 213-215 bibliography of ticks and disease.) 

14 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea dod dow 

Dodd, S. (viii. 1908), Tick Fever, or Redwater. Queensland Dept. of Agricrdt. 

and Stock. Vet. Div. Bull. No. 2, 15 pp., 1 Fig. (syringe for inoculation). 
(P. 4 outlines life-history of Boophilus austral!*. 

(1910), Queensland. Report of the Principal Veterinary Surgeon and Bacterio- 
logist for the Financial Year 1908 1909, Brisbane, Australia. (Pp. 16-20 Tick 
Fever, or Spirochaetosis of Poultry in Queensland, associated with presence of 
Argas persicus. Curative treatment with soamin.) 

Dodson, W. R. see Dalrymple. 

Doflein, F. (1909), Lehrb. der Protozoenkunde. 2nd ed. Jena ; Gustav Fischer, 
914 pp., 825 Text-Figs. (P. 682, development of Karyolisus lacertarum occurs, 
according to Schaudinn, in /. ricinus; p. 331, Figs. 284 a and b, Argas 
persicus in dorsal and ventral aspects, p. 332, Figs. 286 a and b, Oru. 
moubata; p. 695, brief mention of ticks in relation to piroplasmosie.) 

Dolly, C (1894), Synonymatic table of the animal parasites of man and of the 
animals commonly associated with him. An illustrated Dictionary of Medicine, 
Biology, and allied Sciences, etc., by George M. Gould. Philadelphia, pp. 978- 
1021, Figs. (S. and S. bibl.) 

Donitz, W. (1905), Die Zecken des Rindes als Krankheitsiibertrager. Sitzungsber. 
der Gesellsch. natmforschender Freundc, Berlin, Jahrg. 1905, No. 4, pp. 105-134, 
repr. 1 Plate. 

(1906), Ueber Afrikanische Zecken. Sitzungsber. d, Gesellsch. nalurforschender 

Freunde, Berlin, Jahrg. 1906, No. 5, pp. 143-148, 8 Figs., reprint. 

(1907), Die wirtschaftlich wichtigen Zecken mit besonderer Beriicksichtigung 

Afrikas. 127 pp., 38 Figs, and 6 Plates. Leipzig: J. A. Earth. 

(1907 a), Die Texasfieberzecke, Boophihis annulatus, und das Ixodinengenus 

Margaropus. Sitzungsber. d. Gesellsch. naturforschender Freunde, Berlin, Jahrg. 
1907, No. 6, 8 pp., reprint. 

(IX. 1907), Insekten als Verbreiter von Krankheiten : Die Zecken. Ber. ii. d. 

XIV. Internat. Kongr.f. Hygieneu. Demogr., Berlin, 23-29 Sept., 1907, n. 179-188. 

(1909), Ueber das Zeckengenus Amblyomma. Sitzungsber. der Gesellsch. 

naturforsch. Freunde, Berlin, Jahrg. 1909, No. 8, 440-482, Figs. 1-15. (Important.) 

(1910), " Die Zecken Siidafrikas." In Schultze's Zool. u. anthropol. Ergebnisse 

einer Forschungsreise im mestl. «. zentr. Siidafrika ausgefiihrt in den Jahren 
1903-1905. Denkschriften der Med.-Naturw. Gesellsch. zu Jena, xvi. Jena : 
Gustav Fischer. Reprint, pp. 397-494, Pis. XV, (coloured) XVI a, XVI b, 
and XVII. 34x26 cm. {Important: classification considered, S. African 
species listed and described, biology, morphology, relation to disease discussed. 
On p. 475 describes Rhip. evertsi var. mimetica n. var., p. 481 Rhip. foil is 
n.sp., p. 122 Haem. obtusa, n.sp. Most excellent illustrations.) 

(1910 a), Zwei neue afrikanische Rhipicephalusarten. Sitzungsber. d. Gesellsch. 

naturforsch. Freunde, Berlin, Jahrg. 1910, No. 6, pp. 275-280, Figs. 1-4. 
Reprint. (Rhipicephalus dux, R. glyphis, n. spp.) 

Dougherty, M. S. see Newell. 

Douglass, A. (1898a), Paraffine for ticks. (Abstract.) Agric. Journ., Cape Town, 

xii. 498-499. 
Dowson, J. (1. VI. 1895), Poisonous tick. Brit. Med. Journ., I. 1201. (Followed 

by a short note by R. I. Pocock.) 

15 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea dub dup 

Dubreuilh, W. (1900), " Dermatozoaires " in Pratique dermatologique. Vol. i., 8°, 

Paris: Masson. 
Dubreuilh, W., and Beille, L. (1896), Les parasites de la peau hvmaine. 185 pp., 

22 Text-Figs. Paris: Masson et Cic. (Date taken from Huber, l k '.'!>, p. L5 ; 

original undated; ticks referred to pp. 68-84, Figs. 4-8.) 
Du Buysson (1896), Observations sur les accidents produits par la piqure des Acariens 

du genre Argas. Ann. Soc. Entomol., 10 pp. (Cit. Huber, bibL, 1800, p. 15.) 
Duges, Alf. (1876), Repertorio de Guanajuato, Mexico. (Cited by Megnin, 1885, 

pp. 463, 466, etc., who gives translated extracts and reports on subsequent 

personal communications received from Duges and Aleman. Also cited by 

Neumann, 1892, Malad. Parasit., p. 101.) 

(1883), Naturaleza de Mexico, v. 195. (Cited by Megnin, 1885, pp. 465, 

472, who gives a figure of A. megnini Duges. Cited by Neumann, 1896, p. 16.) 

(1884), Turicata y garrapata de Guanajuato. La Naturaleza, Periddico 

cientlfico de la Sociedad Mexicana de Historia natural, vi. (1882-1884;, Mexico, 
pp. 195-198, PI. IV. (MS. dated Nov., 1882.) 

(22. V. 1888), Description d'un nouvel Ixodide. Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 

xni. 129-133, Figs. 1-3. 

(1891), La Naturaleza (2), I. 20, 1 PI. (Cit. Neumann, 1896.) 

(1893), Un nuevo Ixodide. Naturaleza, n. 164. 

Duges, A. L. (1834a), Eecherches sur l'ordre des Acariens en general et la famille 
des Trombidies en particulier ; Premiere memoire. Ann. de sci. not., Paris, ser. 
2, i. Zool., pp. 5-46, PI. I. (Reprint paged 1-42.) 

(1834 c), Recherches sur l'ordre des Acariens ; Troisieme memoire. Remarques 

sur la famille des Gamases. Ann. de sci. nat., Paris, ser. 2, n. Zool., pp. 18-63, 
Pis. VII, VIII. (Reprint paged 1-44.) 

(1836), Recherches sur l'ordre des Acariens en general (i) et la famille des 

Trombidies en particulier (n). Remarques sur la famille des Hydracne's (in). 
Ann. des Sc. nat., 2 e ser., Zool. vol. i., reprint pp. 42, PI. I (i. Memoire) ; ibid. 
pp. 30, Pis. X, XI (ii. Mem.) ; ibid., vol. n. pp. 46, Pis. VII and VIII. 

Duges, A. L., and Milne Edwards (no date), " Arachnides " in Le Regne Animal, by 
G. Cuvier. Paris: Masson. (Figs, illustr. Ixodoidea on PI. XXVII.) 

Dujardin, F. (1844), Sur les acariens, en particulier sur les organes de la manduca- 
tion et de la respiration chez les animaux. Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci., Paris, 
xix. 1158-1161. (Buccal and sucking apparatus.) 

Dumeril, C D. (1822), Article "Ixodes" in Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles, 
xxiv. 55. (Extracts cited by Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 9. Ticks described under 
" insectes parasites apteres," contains no information worth noting.) 

(1829), Article "Tique" in Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles, liv. 401. 

(Extracts cited by Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 9. Nothing worth noting.) 

(1860), Institut. Sect. 1, No. 1373. (Reference given thus by Pagenstecher, 1861, 

p. 10, who cites matter of no value from the article. Dumeril states that 
Croton ricinus of dogs also occurs on lizards.) 

Duplain (1885), Observation sur un cas de parasite du genre Ixode. Loire me'd., 

St-Etienne, iv. 57. 
Duplay, see Eeclus. 

16 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea dup-fab 

Dupre (1819), Voyage en Perse fait dans les anne'es 1807, 1808 et 1809, n. 324. Paris. 
(Lengthy quotations of essential parts in Fischer de Waldheim (1823),Laboulbene 
(1867), and Laboulbene and Megnin (1882) : A. /x-rxicus.) 

D'Urban, W. S. M. (1903), Birds killed by Ticks. Zoologist, lxi., 4. s. p. 108. 
(Two gorged ticks (sp. not stated) found attached about eye of a stock dove 
picked up dead with eye destroyed ; other ticks on bird's head, totalling 6-8 
in number. Also found a dead warbler with 2 large ticks on throat and head. ) 

Dutton, J. E., and Todd, J. L. (XI. 1905), The nature of human tick-fever in the 
eastern part of the Congo Free State (dated 28. in. 1905). Liverpool School of 
Tropical Medicine — Memoir xvn., 18 pp., 9 Charts; see also Brit. Med. Joum., 
II. 1259, 1260. 

Edington, A. (1898), Red water, Texas fever, or tick disease. Agric. Journ., Cape 

Town, xn. 690-696. (S. and H. bibl.) 
Efisio, M. (1892), Saggio d' on catalogo metodico dei principal! e piu comuni 

animali invertebrati della Sardegna. Bollettino della Societd Romana per gli 

studi Zoologici, I. (6), 246-282. (S. and S. bibl.) 
Eichwald (1830), Zool. specialis, n., p. 63, PI. II, Fig. 18. (Ixodes arenicola. Cited 

by Gervais and by Neumann, 1899, p. 165, from Gervais.) 
Ellison, A. (1903a), Birds killed by ticks. Zoologist, Lond. (743), 4. s. (77), v. 7, 

May 15, p. 194. (Refers to midges, no word of ticks !) 
Elmassian, M. (10. X. 1910), Sur les glandes salivaires chez quelques especes de 

tiques. Arch. zool. experim. et generate, xlv. 379-419, Pis. VIII-IX, 7 Text- 
Figs. (Argas persicus, Boophilus annulatus, Hyalomma aegyptium), reprint. 
Entomological Research Committee (25. xi. 1909), Instructions to Collected. 

Issued by the Entomol. Res. Com. (Tropical Africa) and printed for the use 

of the Colonial Office. Misc. No. 241, 20 pp. London : printed for H. M. 

Stationery Office, by Darling and Son Ltd. 
Ercolani, Gr. B. (1859), Nuovi elementi teorico-pratici di medicina veterinaria; Dei 

parassiti dei morbi parassitarii degli animali domestici, pp. 550, Bologna. 

(S. and S. bibl.) 
Ernouf, Baron (1880), Le Caucase, la Perse, etc., dapres les relations de M. de 

Thielmann, p. 256. Paris, 1880. (A. persicus, cit. Huber, bibl. 1899, p. 16.) 
Evans, W. (IV. 1906), Some Invertebrata, including Ixodes borealis, from St Hilda. 

Ann. of Scottish Nat. Hist., pp. 83-88, 1 Fig. (of/, borealis), reprint. 

(I. 1907), Some Scottish Ixodidae (Ticks). Ann. of Scottish Nat. Mist., pp. 34- 

37, reprint. 

Fabricius, J. C. (1775), Syst. Entomologiae, p. 810. (Only lists, under Acarus, some 
of the names included in Fabricius, 1794, p. 425.) 

(1787 a), Mantissa insectorum sistens species nuper detectas adiectis synonymis, 

observationibus, descriptionibus, emendationibus, vol. II., 382 pp., 8°, Hafniae. 

(1794), Entomologia systematica, emendata et ancta, secundum classes, ordines, 

genera, species adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus, IV. 
pp. 472 + index, pp. 5, Hafniae. (Ticks: see pp. 425-434.) 

(1805), Sy sterna antliatorum secundum ordines, genera, species adjectis synonymis, 

locis, observationibus, descriptionibus, pp. xiv + 15-372 + 30, 12°, Brunsvigae. 

N. I. 17 3 



Bibliography of tin I.rodoidea faifra 

Fairmaire, E., and Simon, E. (1882), Recoltes entomologiques de M. A. Burdo sur le 
trajet de Zanzibar aux grands lacs. C. R. de la Soc. Entom. de Belgique, xxvi. 
60 (Amblyomma hippopotamense Denny). (Cit. Neumann.) 

Fanzago, F. see Canestrini. 

Feldmann (1905a), Ueber Filaria perstans im Bezirk Bukoba. n. Theil mit 
1 Tafel. Arch. f. Schiffs- u. Tropen- Hygiene, ix. (2),' 62-65. 

^1905 b), On Filaria perstans in the Bukota District. (Transl. by T. S. Kerr of 

the preceding: Feldmann, 1905a.) Journ. Tropical Medicine, viii. (8), 125-126. 
(Should be "Bukoba" ; author's name also misspelt by translator.) 

Ferg (1814), Remarques sur les insectes de Surinam dont la piqure est nuisible. 

Biblioth. med., Paris, An 11, XXXIV. 100-101 ; also (same title) Ann. de Med. de 

Harles (S. and H. bibl.). 
Ficker, M. and Rosenblatt, S. (1907), Argas miniatus und Hiihnerspirillose. 

Hygienische Rundschau (Berlin), xvu. 1114-1118, 5 Figs, (reproductions of 

photographs of A. persicus, eggs, larva, o, £, $, poor). 
Firth, see Notter. 
Fischer de Waldheim, Gr. (1823), Notice sur 1' Argas de Perse (Malleh de Mianeh) 

decrit par les voyageurs sous le nom de punaise venimeuse de Miana. Mem. Soc. 

imp. de nat. de Moscou, vi. 269-283, PI. XXIII, Figs. 1-11. (Figs. 1, 2 /. 

camelinus, 3-7 /. ricimis, 8-11 Argas persicus Fischer n.sp. Gives an account 

of known species of ticks, quoting other authors.) 

(1824), Du Mallah de Miana, insecte de Perse, dit punaise venimeuse. (Abstract 

of Fischer von Waldheim, 1823, by J. J. Virey.) Journ. de Pharrn., Paris, x. 
(5), Mai, pp. 242-245. (Note by Latreille, p. 245.) 

Fischer, H. (1849). See Gene, 1849. 

Fitch, A. (1856 a), First and second report on the noxious, beneficial and other insects 
of the State of New York. Made to the State Agricultural Society, pursuant to 
an appropriation for this purpose from the Legislature of the State. 336 pp., 
35 Figs., 4 Pis., 8°, Albany. 

(1872), Fourteenth report on the noxious, beneficial, and other insects of the 

State of New York. Annual Rept. (1870), 1872, Trans. N. 7. State Agric. Soc, 
xxx., pp. 355-381. (Pp. 363-373 describes : /. americanus, I. quinquestriatus, 
I. robertsoni, I. cruciarius, I. (?) odontalgiae.) 

Fitz, R. H. see Wood, H. 0. 

Foley, see Brumpt. 

Francis, F. see Connaway. 

Francis, M. (1889), Report of the veterinarian. Texas Agric. Exp. Sta., second 
Annual Report, 1899, pp. 55-60. (Brief account of the southern cattle plague 
and its treatment, with notes on joint experiments by the Texas and Missouri 
Stations. H. and H. bibl.) 

(1892 a), The cattle tick ; preventive measures for farm and range use. Bull. 

24, Texas Agric. Exper. Station, Bryan, pp. 253-256, 1 Fig. (S. and H. bibl.) 

(1894), Veterinary Science. Bull. No. 30, Texas Agric. Exp. Sta., March, 

pp. 436-458, Pis. I-III. (S. and S. bibl.) 

(1896 a), Dipping cattle for ticks, as practised at the Texas Experiment 

Station. Texas Farm and Ranch, Dallas, xv. 2-3, Figs. 1-7. (S. and H. bibl.) 

(1896 b), Ticks and Redwater. Journ. Bur. Agric, Adelaide, viii. 210-213, 

7 Figs, (same as Francis, 1896 a. S. and H. bibl.) 

18 3—2 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea fraful 

Francis, M., and Connaway, J. W. (1899), Texas fever. Texas Agric. Exp. Sta. 

Bull. 53, pp. 53-106, Figs. 13. (H. aud H. bibl.) 
Frauenfeld, G. (1853), [Eschatocephalus gracilipes]. Verhandlungen des K. K. zool.- 

bot. Vereins in Wien, in. 55-58, PI. Figs. 4-5 ( <j> ). 

(1854), Ueber einen bisher verkannten Laufkafer...ferner einige von Schmidt 

in Schischka neu entdeckte Hohlenthiere. Abhundl. des zool.-bot. Vereins in 
Wien, iv. 23-34 (see pp. 27-30 re Ticks). 

(1867), Zoologische Miscellen, XI. (Das Tnsektenleben zur See). Verhandl. 

der K. K. zoolog.-botan. Gesellsch. zu Wien, xvn. 461-462. 

Freer (1898), The tick plague. Agric. Journ., Cape Town, xiii. 250-260. (S. and 
S. bibl.) 

Frey and Leuckart (1847), Vergleichende Anatomie der wirbellosen Thiere, pp. 139, 
151, 154. (Describe intestine of tick. Cit. Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 13.) 

Frisch, J. L. (1724), Beschreibung von allerlei Insecten in Teutscldand, nebst 
niitzlichen Anmerkungen und nothigen Abbildungen von diesem kriechenden 
und fliegenden inlandischen Gewiirme, zur Bestatigung und Fortsetzung der 
griindlichen Entdeckung, so einige von der Natur dieser Creaturen heraus- 
gegeben, und zur Ergantzung und Verbesserung der anderu. Theil v., pp. 55, 
27 tab. (Passage re oviposition is cited verbatim by Fischer in his translation 
of Gene [see Gene\ 1849, p. 17, foot-note].) 

(1736), Beschreibung von allerlei Insekten in Teutschland, vol. v., cap. ix., pp. 

41-42, PI. II, Fig. 19. (Apparently a later edition of the foregoing, passages 
quoted by Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 4. Ticks occurring on dogs are known as 
Zacken, Ta'cken and Tacken in German, Low German and Old German 
respectively. Occur on hunting dogs, especially when kept in wooden kennels, 
also picked up by them in the woods etc. Ticks occur on young swallows and 
other young birds in nests. Ticks 8-legged. Observed oviposition.) 

Fritsch, G-. (1875), Ueber die sogen. "Giftwanze von Mianah." Sitzungsber. d. 

Gesellsch. naturf. Freunde zu Berlin, pp. 61-64. (A. persicus, cit. Huber, bibl., 

1899, p. 16.) 
Froggatt, W. W. (1901), The fowl tick (Argas americanus Packard). Agric. Gaz., 

N. S. Wales, xn. 1349-1352, PI. (inaccessible). 
■ (1906), Notes on fowl-tick and poultry. Agric. Gaz., N. S. Wales, xvn. 14-18. 

(1906 a), Description of a new tick belonging to the Family Argasidae. Proc. 

Linn. Soc. New South Wales, xxxi. 401. {Argas lagenoplastis n.sp. (l.e.r.)) 

Fuchs (1842), Allgemeine Pathologie der Haussaugethiere, p. 177. (Brief mention of 

Ticks. Cit. Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 12.) 
Fullager, J. (1874a), A Canterbury Arachnid, new to the British Fauna. Science 

Gossip, 1874, pp. 121, 122, Fig. 86. 

(1874b), The Canterbury Tick {Argas reflexus). Science Gossip, 1874, p. 234, 

Fig. 164. 

Fiilleborn and Mayer, M. (1908), Ueber die Moglichkeit der Uebertragung patho- 
gener Spirochaeten durch verschiedene Zeckenarten. Arch. f. Schiffs- u. Trop.- 
Hyg., xn. 31. 

Fuller, C (XI. 1896), The bovine tick-fever. Agric. Gazette, N. S. Wales, vn. 
760-787, Pis. I-V, 3 Text-Figs. 

19 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea FUL-GEE 

Fuller, C. (1897), A Fowl-infesting Tick (Argus sp. [sic]). Agric. Gaz., N. S. Wales, 
vii. 590. 

(16. III. 1899), The common blue tick of Cape Colony and its relationship to 

the Red Water tick of N. America and Australia. Agric. Journ., Cape Town, 
No. 9, 8 pp. repr. 

(V. 1899), Notes on the Queensland cattle tick, and its relationship to the 

Texas fever tick and the blue tick of Cape Colony (South Africa). Queensland 
Agric. Journ., Brisbane, iv. 389-394, 3 diagrams. Reprint. (Relates to Boophilus 
australis Fuller and B. annulutus ; the paper is reprinted in Salmon and Stiles 
1901, pp. 428-432, including the figures.) 

Fiisslin, J. 0. (1775), Verzeichniss schweizer Insekten, p. 59. (Only lists Acarus 
reduvius "Holzbock" and A. ricinus "Hundsbock" after Linnaeus ; notes 
occurrence of ricinus on cats. Cit. Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 6.) 

Fumouze (1873), Sur un Acarien de lafamille des Ixodes, Argas pe/sicus. Ann. Soc. 
Entomol. (Cit. Huber, bibl., 1899, p. 16.) 

Furstenberg, M. H. (1861), Die Kratzmilben der Menschen und Thiere, pp. i-v-f 1-240, 
Taf. I-XV, 4°, Leipzig. (S. and S. bibl.) 

Galli-Valerio, B. (IX. 1907), Les inseetes comme propagateurs des maladies : Le 
role des arthropodes dans la dissemination des maladies. Ber. ii. d. XI V. Internat. 
Kongr. f. Hygiene u. Demogr., Berlin, 23-29 Sept., 1907, II. 189-194. (A short 
review of progress to date, refers briefly to ticks.) 

(1908 a), Spirochetiase des ponies determinee a Lausanne avec Argas persicus 

Fischer de Tunisie. Note preliminaire. Centralbl. f. Bakteriol. u. Parasit., 
Abt. 1 Orig. xlvii. 494-495. 

(1908 b), Notes de Parasitologie, Ibid, xlvii., pp. 608-612, 1 Text-Fig. (See 

pp. 611-612, observations on biology of Ixodes hexagonus and /. ricinus, 
ovipositing $ s shown in figure.) 

(1909), Recherches sur la spirochetiase des poules de Tunisie et sur son agent 

de transmission : Argas persicus Fischer. Ibid. l. 189-202, 8 Figs. 

Gamgee, J. (1869), The splenic or periodic fever of cattle. Reports on the diseases 
of cattle in the United States, made to the Commissioner of Agriculture, 
Washington, pp. 89-161, Fig. 18. (S. and S. bibl.) 

(1871), Our domestic animals in health and disease, II, division 3, pp. xvi + 613, 

Figs. 149-237 (238). (S. and S. bibl.) 

Garner, R. (1844), The Natural History of Staffordshire, etc. London : John van 
Voorst, 551 pp., with unnumbered plates. (On p. 331 he merely lists "Caris 
vespertilionis, on the common bat," the latter probably Vesperugo pipistrellus. 
Caris= Argas. (l. e. r.)) 

Gaubert, P. (16. V. 1892), Recherches sur les organs des sens et sur les systemes 
tegumentaire, glandulaire et musculaire des appendices des arachnides. Theses 
presentees a la Faculte des Sciences de Paris. Paris : G. Masson, pp. 184, 
4 Plates. (Relates to sense-organs etc. in spiders.) 

de Gay (1849-51). See Gervais (same date). 

de Geer, C. (1778), Memoires pour servir a Vhistoire des inseetes, vn., pp. iii-xii + 950, 
Pis. I-XLIX. (See "Mitte ricinoide," pp. 98-106, and PI. V, Figs. 16-19, 
PI. VI, Figs. 1-8.) 

20 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea gen GOR 

Gene\ G. (1844), Memoria per servire alia storia naturale degli issodi. Mem. d. 
R. Accad. Torino, 2d ser. ix. (1848), 751-786. 

(1849), Beitriige zur Naturgeschichte der Zecken von Professor J. Gene" in Turin. 

Aus dem Italienischen, mit Amnerkungen von Dr H. Fischer, Privatdocent zu 
Freiburg, pp. 34, 4°. Freiburg im Breisgau : F. X. Wangler. 

George, C. F. (1876), On "The Blyborough Tick" (Argas Fischerii). Journ, Quekeit 
.Microsc. Club, rv. 223-225, Pis. XXI and XXII ; also Sc. Gossip, 1877, O.S. 
xiii. 104. 
Gerstaecker, C. E. A. (1860), Argus reflexus Latr., eiu neuer Parasit des Menschen. 
Virehow's Arch., xix. 457-470, PI. XV, Figs. 1-6. 

(1863), "Arthropoden" in Hundbuch der Zoologie, by Peters, Cams and 

Gerstaecker. Leipzig, n. 1-421, 8°. (See A carina, pp. 343, 344.) 

(1873), Gliederthiere Ostafrika's von C. v. d. Decken's Reise, pp. 464-470. 

(Ambl. eburneum, Dermacentor pulchellus, 0. savignyi.) 

Gervais, P. (1842), Ann. Soc. Entomol., XL, pp. xlviii and 47. (Cit. Neumann, 
1899, p. 157.) 

(1844), Aceres Phryneides, Scorpionides, Solpugides, Phalangides et Acarides, 

Diceres Epizoi'ques, Aphanipteres et Thysanoures, in vol. in. of YValckenaer's 
Histoire naturelle des Insectes. Apteres, pp. i-viii, 1^76, Paris. 

(1847), in vol. iv. of Walckenaer's Histoire naturelle des Insectes. Apteres, 

pp. i-xvi, 1-623, Paris. 
(1849-51), in de Gay's Historia fisica y politico, de Chile. Zoologie, iv. 44, 

PL V, Fig. 8. (Cit. Neumann.) 

see Walckenaer. 

Gervais, P., and van Beneden, P. J. (1859), Zoologie me'dicale; expose methodique 

du regne animal. 2 vols., 8°, Paris. 
Gibert, J. M. (1896), V 'Argas reflexus et son parasitisme chez l'homme. These : 

Bordeaux, 60 pp., 8°, illustr. (Cit. by Hosier and Peiper (1904, p. 373) who state 

author observed general symptoms after bite of A. reflexxis in man.) 
Giebel, C. G. (1874), Insecta Epizoa. Die Parasiten der Sciugethiere uad der Ybgel. 

Leipzig. (Title cited by Riley, 1888.) 

(1877), Amblyomma splendidum, eine neue Zecke von Dos brachycerus. 

Zeitschr. f. die ges. Naturwissenschaft, xlix. 293-295. (A mblyomma splendidum, 
Giebel.) 

Goeze (1780), Naturforscher, xiv., p. 111. (Acarus ricinus in large numbers on 
squirrels and jays. The author remarks "man kbnnte jetzt hinzufugen : 
habitat in avibus." Mouthparts illustrated on PI. V, Fig. 5. Cit. Pagenstecher, 
1861, p. 6.) 

Gomez, L. see Ricketts. 

Gonder, R. (1906), Achromaticus vesperuginis (Dionisi). Arb. a. d. Kaiserl. 
Gesundheitsamte, xxiv. 220-226, PL IV. 

(1908), Studien uber die Spirochaete aus dem Blute von Vesperugo kuhZii, 

Keys. u. Bias. (Natterer). Arb. a. d. Kaiserl. Gesundheitsamte, xxvu. 406-413, 
PL VI. 

Gordon, P. R. (1898), Report of the Chief Inspector of Stock and Registrar of Drands 
for the year 1898, 4 pp. Brisbane : E. Gregory, Government Printer. 

(1900), Report of the Chief Inspector of Stock and Registrar of Drands for the 

year 1900, pp. 16. Brisbane : G. A. Vaughan, Govt. Printer. 

21 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea gor hal 

Gordon, P. E. (1. X. 1900), Results of dipping tests. Queensland Agric. Journ., 
1900, pp. 387-390. Reprint. (Tick eradication.) 

(1901), Report of the Chief Inspector of Stock and Registrar of Brandt for the 

year 1901, 5 pp. (34x21 cm.). Brisbane (Queensland): G. A. Vaughan, Govt. 
Printer. 

Graham -Smith, G. S. see Nuttall. 

Gray, C E., and Eobertson, W. (1902;, Redwater in Rhodesia. Agric. Journ., 
Cape of Good Hope, xxi. 435-458. 

(1902), Report upon Texas fever or redwater in Rhodesia. Argus Printing and 

Publish. Co., Ltd., Cape Town, pp. 27, Pis. XXII. (H. and H. bibL) 

Gray, E. see Theiler. 

Greig-Smith, see Meek. 

Grimbert, L. see Guiart. 

Grube, A. E. (1859), Verzeichniss der Arachnoiden Liv-, Kur-, und Ehstlands. 

Arch, fur die Naturhunde Liv-, Ehst-, und Kurlands, Dorpat, ser. 2, L, pp. 417- 

486, Figs. 1-8. (S. and S. bibl.) 
Griitzner, P. (1902), Ueber die Wirkung der Zecke auf fchierisches Blut. Deutsche 

med. Wochenschr., Jahrg. xxviii. pp. 555, 556. 
Gu6rin-M£neville (1829-1843), Iconographie du regne animal, de G. Cuvier. 

Arachnides, PI. VI, Figs. 1-6, pp. 16, 17. 

(1849), Description de I'Argas talaje. Rev. et Mag. de Zool., pp. 342, 343, 

PI. II. 

Guiart, J. (1911), Les Parasites inoculateurs de maladies. Paris : E. Flammarion, 
18x12 cm., 362 pp., 107 Text-Figs. (Pp. 124-126 brief mention of ticks, 
Fig. 44 of $ ? Boophilus ; pp. 131-132 mention of Argas moubata [sir;] and 
A. persicus with Figs. 48, 49, poor ; a semipopular treatise.) 

Guiart, J., and Grimbert, L. (1906), Diagnostic Chimique, Microscopique etParasito- 
logique. Paris : F. R. de Rudeval, Editeur, 960 pp., 500 Figs. (Ixodidae : pp. 656, 
666, Figs. 401-410, of which 402 and 410 of Hyal. aegyptium and O. moubata 
are original but very sketchy. The text is compiled from various authors.) 

Gulliver, G. (1872), On a Canterbury Arachnid new to the British Fauna. Quart. 
Journ. Micr. Sei., XII. N.S., 205, 206. 

Gulliver and Gulliver (ca. 1871), Reports of East Kent Nat. Hist. Soc. Abstracts 
of paper in Quart. Journ. Micr. Sci., April-Oct., 1872. (Cited by Fullager, 1874a, 
p. 121.) 

Gurlt (1843), In Gurlt and Hertwig's Magaz. f. d. gesammte Thierheilkunde, ix. 22, 
PI. I, Fig. 18. (Brief mention of /. ricimis and reticulatus and the structure of 
their mouthparts. Cit. Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 12.) 

Hadwen, S. see Nuttall. 

Hahn, C. "W. (1834), Die Arachniden, n., p. 62, Fig. 152. (/. reduvius.) 

Hahn, C. W. and Koch, C. L. (1831-48), Die Arachniden. Niirnberg, 16 vols., 

563 PI. {Title cited by Riley, 1888.) 
Haller, G. (1880), Die Milben als Parasiten der Wirbellosen, insbesondere d. 

Arthropoden, pp. 90, Figs. 17, 8°. Halle: Schwetschke. (S. and S. bibl.) 
(1881 a), Vorlaiufige Bemerkungen iiber das Gehororgan der Ixoden. Zool. 

Am., iv. 165-166, 1 Fig. (Brief review also in Journ. Roy. Microsc. Soc, 1881, 

I. 449.) 

22 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea hal hir 

Haller, G. (1881b), Die Mundtheile and systematische Stcllung dcr Milben. Vor- 
laufige Mittheilung. Zool. Anz., iv., pp. 380-386. (Re mouthparts of A.cari. 

(1882), Beitrag zur Kemitniss der Milbenfauna Wurttembergs. Jahresheftt 

des Vereins fiir vaterliindische Natwrhwnde in Wiirttemberg, xxxvm., Stuttgart, 
pp. 293-325, PL V. (See especially pp. 309-312, re Ixodidae, and Figs. 4 
and 5.) 

Hardy, C. (1869), Forest Life in Acadia. (Murray, 1877, p. 194, quotes a passage 

therefrom regarding ticks on moose.) 
Hart, G. H. see MacKellar. 
Hart, J. H. (1899), The tick of the domestic fowl and fowl fever. Bulletin oj 

Miscellaneous Information, Trinidad, in. Bull. 19, Pt. 11, April, p. 180. 
Hassall, A. (1900), Note on the chicken tick {Argas americanus). \6th Annual 

Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry, 1899, U. S. Dep't of Agric, pp. 496- 

500, Figs. 16-22, PI. XVI. (Reprint dated 1901.) 

see Stiles. 

Haug (28. VIII. 1894), Ixodes im Meatus auditorius externus bei 17-jahr. Burschen, 

der im Walde geschlafen hattc. Entfernung nach Todtung durch Sublimat- 

losung. Miinchen. med. Wochenschr., No. 35. (Huber, bibl., 1910, p. 24.) 
Heller, A. (1880), Die Schmarotzer mit besonderer Beriicksichtigung der fur den 

Menschen ivichtigen, 74 woodcuts, 1 Map, 230 pp. Miinchen and Leipzig : R. 

Oldenbourg. (P. 154, less than a page devoted to " The tick," contains nothing 

original or worth noting.) 
Heller, C. (1858), Zur Anatomie von Argas persicus. Sitzungsberichte d. Kaiserl. 

A hid. Wien, xxx., Math.-naturwiss. Klasse, pp. 297-326, Pis. I-IV. 
Henking, H. (1882), Beitnige zur Anatomie, Entwickelungsgeschichte und Biologie 

von Trombidium fuliginosum Herm. Zeitschr. f wiss. Zool., xxxvn. 553-663, 

Plates 34-36. (Structure etc. comparable to that of ticks.) 
Herbst (1787), Vide Borowsky's Naturgeschichte der Insekten, p. 140. (Acarus 

ricinus and A. marginatus mentioned. Nothing of interest judging from 

citation in Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 7.) 
Hermann, J. F. (1804), Me'moire apte'rologique, An xn, pp. 63-71, Pis. IV, VI, VII, 

Strasbourg. 
Herrera, A. L. (1905), Los Parasitos del Ganado. Com. Parasit. Agricola., circ. 8, 

pp. 22-25, Figs. 31-34. (H. and H. bibl.) 
Heusinger (1847), Rech. d. pathol. compare'e, I., p. 603. (Huber, bibl., 1910, p. 21.) 
Heyden, C. von (1826), Versuch einer systematischen Eintheilung der Acariden. 

Isis von Oken, Jena, I. Heft 6, pp. 608-613. (His system is reprinted in 

Michael, 1883, pp. 32-34.) 
Hill, W. E. (1897), Texas fever in Kansas (and California). 12th Ann. Rep. Bur. 

Animal Industry, U. S. Dept. Agric., 1895, Washington, D. C. (Cit. Nuttall, 

1899.) 
Hinde, S. L. (1897), La Chute de la domination des Arabes du Congo. Th. Falck 

and Cie, Bruxelles. Chap, xn., p. 3. (Refers to fever about Kasongo attributed 

by natives to tick-bite.) 
Hirst, S., and Hirst (IX. 1910), Description of five new species of ticks (Ixodidae). 

Ann. a. Magaz. of Nat. Hist., ser. 8, vi. 299-308, 9 Text-Figs. {Ambl.daridni, 

Ambl. boulengeri, Ambl. nitidum, Ambl. (1 Apon.) neglectum and Ambl. (Apon.) 

tenimberense.) 

23 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea hoe hub 

Hoehr, F. (VII. 1893), Further concerning the new chicken plague in Texas. Insect 
Life, v. 348. 

Hoeven, J. von der (1850), Natwgeschichte (/<•>• ir/rbellosen Thiere. (Brief Latin 
description of ticks. Mentions that only the females of riemus attach them- 
selves to host. Argas included under Gamasei. Cit. Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 14.) 

Holland, W. J. (TV. 1898), Concerning Ticks. Canadian Entomologist. London, 
Ontario, xxx. 96, 97. 

Hooker, Sir J. (1854), Himalaya Journal. (Cited by Michael, 1892, p. 204, re 
colour-changes in Ixodidae.) 

Hooker, W. A. (1908a), Life-history, habits and methods of study of the Txodoidea. 
Journ. Econ. Entomol, I. 34-51. (Good original observations.) 

(1908b), A review of the present knowledge of the role of ticks in the 

transmission of disease. Journ. Econ. Entomol., i. 65-73. (A useful digest 
of some recent work.) 

(1909 a), Some Host Relations of Ticks. Journ. Econ. Entomol., n. 251-2.">7. 

(1909 b), Note on an extra nymphal moult of Argas miniatus. Proc. Entomol. 

Soc. Washington, xi. 109-110. 

(XII. 1909), The geographical. distribution of American Ticks. Journ. Econ. 

Entomol, II. 403-428. 

see Hunter. 

Howard, C. W. (17. VI. 1908), A note on the distribution and hosts of Ixodes 
pilosus howardi Nn. Trans. Roy. Soc. 8. Africa, I. 126 (published vii. 1909). 

(VII. 1908), A list of the Ticks of South Africa, with Descriptions and Keys 

to all the forms known. Annals of the Transvaal Museum, I. 73-172, 14 PI. 

(VIII. 1909), A new species of ffaemaphysalis from South Africa. Ann. 

Transvaal Museum, i. 219-223, PI. XXXIV (10 figs.). Reprint, (ffaema- 
physalis africana C. W. Howard, August 1909 = ffaemaphysalis hoodi War- 
burton and Nuttall, June, 1909. The author describes the $ , $ , o and L and 
illustrates them in the plate.) 

(VIII. 1909), Note on the copulation of ticks. Ann. Transvaal Mus. i. 225. 

Reprint, 1 p. (Records finding Rhipkephalus ecinvtus Nn. : an unfed female 
and male supposedly copulating. No particulars as to position of male mouth- 
parts etc. ) 

Howard, L. 0. (VII. 1895), Note on the chicken tick. Insect Life, vn. pp. 417, 418. 

(1907), A chalcidoid parasite (Ixodiphagus texanus gen. et sp. n.) of a tick 

(Haemaphysalis leporis-palustris). Entomol. News, Philadelphia, xvni. 375- 
378, PI. 

(1908), Another chalcidoid parasite of a tick. Canad. Entomol., Toronto, XL. 

110-115, PI. V. 

(1909), Economic loss to the people of the United States through insects 

that carry disease. U. S. DepH Agric, Bur. of Entomol, Bull., No. 78, 40 pp. 
(Incidental mention of ticks on p. 7.) 

see Eiley and Howard. 

Hubbard, H. G. (1894), The insect guests of the Florida land tortoise, Gopherus 
(Xerobates) polyphernus. U. S. DepH Agric, vi. 306. (Ornithodorus americanus 
Marx (Ms.) in the burrows and on tortoise— Amblyomma tuberculatum Marx 
n.sp. on the tortoise.) 

24 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea hubjac 

Huber, J. Ch. (1899), Bibliographic der klinischen Entomologie, 1899 (Argas, Ixodes), 
Heft 2. Jena : Fromaun. 

(1910), Bibliographie der klinischen Entomologie. (Hexapoden, Acarinen), 

Heft 2, 2nd ed. (Ixodoidea, pp. 18-25. Contains several titles which have l>een 
incorporated in our bibliography.) 

Hunt, J. S. (VIII. 1897), Tick Fever. Progress Report to the Chief Inspector of 
Stock on experiments conducted at Hugheaden. Reprinted in Queensland Agric. 
Journ., I. 104-106. 

(16. XII. 1897), Diseases in Animals (Tick Fever). Progress report on the 

reproductive forms of the micro-organism of tick fever, with some observations 
on the relationships and nomenclature of that disease. Queensland Agric. 
Journ., 1898, II. 211-220; reprint 10 pp., 2 Pis. 

(9. IX. 1898), Xotes on the natural history and prevention of Texas fever. 

Reprint, 10 pp. Brisbane : E. Gregory, Govt. Printer. 

see Pound. 

Hunt, S. (1898), Tick fever. Queensland Agric. Journ., pp. 235-236. (H. and H. 

bibl.) 
Hunt, S., and Collins, W. (1896), Queensland Report on tick fever, also Report 

of investigations at Hughenden on Texas fever, vn.-x., 1896, by Dr Wynne, 

with appendix, map, temperature charts, lithographs. 43 pp. Brisbane : 

E. Gregory. 
Hunter, W. D. (1907), Note on the occurrence of the North American Fever Tick 

on Sheep. U. S. DepH Agric. Bur. Entom., Circ. No. 91, pp. 1-3. 

(1908), A tentative law relating to the incubation of the eggs of Margaropus 

annulatus. Journ. Econ. Entomol., I. 51-55. Reprint. 

(1909), A practical demonstration of a method for controlling the Cattle tick. 

U. S. Dep't Agric. Bur. Aniui. Industry, Circ. No. 148, pp. 1-4. 

Hunter, W. D., and Hooker, W. A. (1907), Information concerning the 
North American Fever Tick, with notes on other species. U. S. Dep't of 
Agricidture, Bur. of Entomology, Bull. No. 72. Washington : 12 Figs., 4 Plates, 
87 pp. 

Husemann, T. (1862), Handbuch der Toxicologic, p. 248. (A. persicus: cit. Huber, 
bibl., 1899, p. 16.) 

Hutcheon, D. (1900), Redwater and its history. Agric. Journ., Cape Town, 
xvn. 331-339, 395-409. 

(1900), History of heartwater. Ibid., xvn. 410-417. 

(1903), Virulent redwater in the Transvaal. Ibid,, XXIII. 39-60. 

Illiger, K. (1807), Anmerkung zu Chabrier's Bemerkung liber die Fortpflauzungsweise 
der Gattung Ixodes Fabr. Magazin fur Insektenkunde, vi. 368-370. (S. and 
S. bibl.) 

Jackschath, E. (1901), Die " Malaria " der Rinder in Deutschland. Centralbl. Bakt. 
Parasit., Abt. 1, xxix. 585-589, 1 Text-Fig. (Little original, figure bad 
(Piroplasma), states he found "Ixodes reticulatus s. reduvitts" on affected 
cattle; chiefly clinical.) 
N. I. 25 4 



Bibliography of tin- Txodoidea jan kar 

Janson, J. L., and Tokishige, H. (1892 , Filaria immitis und andere bei Hunden 

in Japan vorkomniende Parasiten. Mitth. d. deutsch. Ges. f. Naiur- u. VSlker- 

kunde Ostasiens in Tokio, v. 349-360, Taf. xi. xn. (S. and S. bibL) 
Jelgersma, B. (1901-1902), Ixodes ricinus (houtteek ; houtluis ; elsluis). Med. 

WeekbL, Amsterdam, vin. 285. 
Jobling, J. W., and Woolley, P. G. 1904 , Texas fever in the Philippine Islands 

and the Far East. U. S. D. War, Bur. Govt. Laboratories, Bull. 1 J, pp. 5-11, 

Pis. XV. (H. and H. bibl.) 
Johannessen, A. 1885 a), Akut polyuri hos et barn efter stik af Ixodes ricinus, 

Norsk Mag. f. Lcegevidensk., Kristiania, 3. rsekke, xv. 101-414 
(1885b), Acute Polyurie bei einem Kinde nach dem Stiche eines J xodes 

ricinus. Arckiv f. Kinderheilk., vi. 337-350. (Cit. Nuttall, 1899, p. 43. 
Johne, A. see Birch-Hirschfeld. 
Johnson, L. C. (1884), [Cattle tick, Ixodes bovis]. Bull. No. 4, Die. of Entomology, 

U. S. Dept. Agric, Washington, p. 78. (S. and S. bibl.) 
Johnston, G. (1849), The acarides of Berwickshire specifically described. Proc. 

Bervdck Nat. Club (1842-1849), II. 371. (An abstract from this paper was 

kindly supplied by Mr William Evans of Edinburgh, g.h.f.n.) 
Joly. G. ,1901), Maladie eruptive du cheval produite par des nymphes d'lxode 

reduve. Rev. vet., Toulouse, lviii. 514-516. (I. ricinus on horse.) 
Jordens, D. J. H. (1801), Entomologie und Relminthologie des menschlichen Korpers, 

oder Beschreibung und Abbildung der Bewohner und Eeinde desselben unter 

den Insekten und Wurmern, I., pp. xxviii + 319, Taf. i.-xv. (S. and S. bibl.) 
Joseph, G. (1882), Systematiscbes Yerzeichniss der in den Tropfstein-Grotten von 

Krain einheimischen Arthropoden, nebst Diagnosen der vom Yerfasser 

entdeckten imd bisher noch nicht beschriebenen Arten. Berlin, entomol. 

Zeitschr., xxvi. 1-50. (Ixodidae : pp. 16, 17.) 
Jourdain, S. (1901), Pieces buccales des Ixodides (Acar.). Bull. Soc. Entom. Fran 

Paris, (6) p. 142. 

Kalm, P. 1754), Nachricht von einer Art Insekten in Xordamerika Waldlaus genannt. 

Abhandl. d. Konigl. schwed. Akademie, xvi., translated by Kastner, 1758, p. 20. 

(Description "Acarus ovalis, planus, ruber, macula dorsali alba," called skoglus 

in Swedish, ticks or seed-ticks in English, remained attached for a month to a 

dog and attained an inch in length. Survived over a month after removal and 

laid over 1000 eggs apiece. The author may have been describing a species of 

Amblyomma. Cit. Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 6.J 
Karsch, F. (29. IV. 1878), Uebersicht der in Mossambique gesammelten Arachniden. 

Monatsbericht der K. Akademie der Wissenschaft :>' Berlin, pp. 314-338, Pis. 1, 

II. (Ixodoidea, pp. 336-338, PI. I, Fig. 4, of Amblyomma petersii Karsch, nat. 

size, uncoloured.) 
(1878), Ueber einige von Herrn J. M. Hildebrandt ini Zanzibargebiete erljeutete 

Arachniden. Zeitschr. f. d, ges. Naturwiss., Berlin, ser. 3, m. (LI. d. ganzen 

Reihe), pp. 311-322, PI. VIII (Ornithodorus). 
(1879 a), Westafrikanische Arachniden gesammelt von Dr Falkeustein. 

Zeitschr. f. die ges. Naturwiss., Lll. 336. (Amblyomma arcanum Karsch 

(l.e.r.).) 

26 4-2 



Bibliography of the Ixodolilea KAR-KOC 

Karsch, F. (1879 b), Zvvei neue Arachniden de.s Berliner Museums. Mittheil. der 
Miinchener entomol. Vereine, Jahrg. in. 95, 9G. [" Margaropus nov. gen. ; 
Margaropus Winthemi, n.sp."] 

(1879 c), Arachnologische Beitriige. Zeitschr. f. d. ges. Naturwiss., lii. 534. 

(Abstract.) 

(1880), Vier neue Ixodiden des Berliner Museums. Mittheil. d. Miinchener 

entomol. Vereine, Jahrg. iv. 141, 142. 

Kelso, J. E. H. (1903), Birds killed by Ticks. Zoologist, lxi., s. 4, p. 155. [Note on 

a Wagtail sp. caught on ship in Red Sea with several ticks attached to its head. 

See D'Urban, 1903, same subject.] 
Kerr, T. S. (15. IV. 1905), Remarks on the paper by Feldman (1905) entitled "On 

Filaria perstans in the Bukota District." Journ. of Tropical Med., vin. (8), 

126. (Should read "Feldmann" and " Bukoba.") 
Kilborne, F. L. see Smith, T. 
King, W. W. (27. VII. 1906), Experimental Transmission of Rocky Mountain 

spotted fever by means of the tick : preliminary note. U. S. Pub. Health and 

Mar.-Hosp. Service, Pub. Health Rep., Wash., xxi., 863, 864. 
Kirk, T. W. (1887), On Ixodes Maskellii, a Parasite of the Albatross (Diomedea 

exulans). Trans, and Proc. New Zealand Institute, 1886, xix., pp. 65-67 

(issued V. 1887), no figure. 
Klein, L. A. (1907), Methods of Eradicating Cattle Ticks. U. S. DepH of Agricidture, 

Circular No. 110, 16 pp., 3 Figs., Washington. 
Kleine, F. K. (1906), Kultivierungsversuch der Hundepiroplasmen. Ztschr. f. Hyg. 

u. Infektionskrankh., Leipz., liv. 10-15, 2 PI. 
Kner (1855), Lehrbuch der Zoologie, p. 235. (Ixodea a family in the order Acarina. 

Little information and inaccurate at that. Cit. Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 15.) 
Knuth, P. (1905), Experimentelle Studien iiber das Texasfieber der Binder (la 

tristeza) in den La Plata Staaten. Berlin : Verkgsbuchhandlung von Richard 

Schoetz, 1 Map, 4 Figs., 6 Tables, 96 pp. 
Koch, C L. (1835-1844), Beutschlands Crustaceen, Myriapoden und Arachniden. 

Ein Beitrag zur deutschen Fauna. Herausg. v. Herrich-Schaffer, 40 parts. 

Regensburg. 

(1844), Systematische Uebersicht fiber die Ordming der Zecken. Arch. 

f. Naturg., Berlin, Jahrg. x. Bd. I., 217-239. (N.sp. and genera from different 
parts of world. Mode of copulation. Argasidae, Ixodidae, Bhipistomidae. 
10 genera.) 

(1847), Uebersicht des Arachnidensy stems. Nfirnberg. Heft 4, pp. 136, Pis. 

I-XXX. 

see Hahn. 



Koch, L. (1867), Beschreibungen neuer Arachniden und Myriapoden. Verhand- 
lungen der K. K. zoolog.-botan. Oesellschaft zu Wien, xvn. 173-250. (Ixodidae : 
pp. 241-243.) 

(1872), Apterologisches aus dem frankischen Jura. Abhandl. d. naturhist. 

Gesellsch. in Niirnberg, v. 149. 

(1875), Aegyptische und Abyssinische Arachniden gesammelt von Herrn 

C. Jickeli beschrieben und abgebildet. 96 pp., 7 Pis., 4°. Nfirnberg : Bauer 
and Raspe. (0. sarignyi, p. 1.) 

27 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea kockon 

Koch, L. (1877 a), Japanesisehe Araoliniden und Myriapoden. Verkandl. der K. K. 

zoolog.-botan. Oesellsch. Wien, xxvu. 735-798. (Ixodes: pp. 786, 787.) 

(1877 b), Verzeichniss der bei Niirnberg bis jetzt beobachtetcn Arachniden. 

Abhandl. d. naturhist. Oesellsch. zu Niirnberg, vi. 113-198. (P. 190: Rhipicephalus 
e.vpositicius, n.sp. = Haemapliysalis punctata Canestrini and Fanzago.) 

Koch, R. (1898), Reiseberichte vber Rinderpest, Bubonenpest in Indien und Afrita, 
Tsetse- oder Surrakranklieit , Texas- Fiebvr, tropische Malaria, Schu-arzwasserfieber. 
Berlin : J. Springer, 138 pp. (Cit. Nuttall, 1899.) 

(1898a), Berichte liber die Ergebnisse der Expedition des Geheimermedicinal- 

rathes Dr Koch im Schutzgebiete von Deutseh-Ostafrika. Centralbl.f. Bakteriol., 
1 Abt., xxiv. 200-204. (Berichte datirt 10 u. 12 Feb., 1898. Cit. Nuttall, 1899.) 

(1903), Interim Report, Bulawayo. (Cited by Donitz, 1905, p. Ill, as stating 

that R. sanguineus transmits coast fever of cattle in S. Africa — should be 
R. appendiculatus which Neumann formerly mistook for R. sanguineus.) 

(VII. 1903), The cattle disease in Southern Rhodesia. Transvaal Agric. Journ., 

I. 112-117. (East Coast Fever investigations. Pp. 116-117 brief mention of 
ticks found in S. Rhodesia and elsewhere.) 

(1903 and 1904), Reports on Rhodesian Redwater or African Coast Fever. 

Salisbury: Argus Printing and Publishing Co. [Also (translated) in Arch. f. 
Tierheilk., 1904. Cited by Lichtenheld, 1908, p. 272.] 

(29. II. 1904), Fourth Report on African Coast Fever. (Official), 10 pp. repr. 

(23. XI. 1905), Vbrlaufige Mittheilungen liber die Ergebnisse einer 

Forschungsreise nach Ostafrika. Deutsche med. Wochenschr., p. 1866. 

(1906), Ueber afrikanischen Recurrens. Berlin, klin. Wochenschr., xliii. 185, 

10 Figs. 

Kolenati, F. A. (1856 and 1857), Die Parasiten der Chiroptern, pp. 51, iv. Taf., 8°, 
Dresden. (The usual date cited is 1857, but Dr Hassall informs me that the 
same paper appeared in 1856, without the plates, although the latter are cited 
in the text. Consequently, species attributed to this publication must bear 
the date 1856.) 

(1857), Meletemata entomologica. Einige Arachniden der Caucasischen 

Lander u.s.w. Bull. Soc. Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou, XXX. 399-444, 
PI. V-VI. (Ticks, see pp. 431-439, PI. VI, Fig. 52, Ixodes comuger Kolenati.) 

(1858), Synopsis prodroma der auf Chiroptern als Epizoen vorkommenden 

Lausmilben, Carida Kolenati. Wien. entomol. Monatsschr., Wien, II. pp. 4-7. 

(1860), Beithige zur Kenntniss der Arachniden. Sitzungsber. der mathem.- 

naturw. Classe der K. Akad. d. Wissensch. Wien, XL., p. 573-581, Pis. 1-3. 

Kollar (0, Bildlichen Naturgeschichte des Thierreiches, II. 274, Fig. 7. (Cited by 
Heller, 1858, p. 297.) 

see Pohl. 

Kolle, W. (1903), Ueber Texasfleber. Verhandl. d. deutsch. Kolouial-Kongr. zu 

Berlin, 10.-11. Oct. 1902, pp. 294-304. 
Koningsberger, J. C. (1900), Onderzoekingen betreffende de Teken (Ixodidae) van 

Nederlandsch-Indie. Teijsmannia, xi., No. 1. (Cit. Neumann, 1901, p. 303.) 
(1903), De Runderteken en bloedzuigende Vliegen van Nederlandsch-Indie. 

Veeartsenijk. Blad. v. nederl.- Indie, Batav., v. 15 (2), 141-147, PI., Figs. 1-14. 

28 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea kos lab 

Koschny, Th. F. (H. 1901), Das Texas-Fiober der Rinder. Tropenpflanzer, Berlin, 

v. 5 (2), 61-65. 
Kossel, H. (1902), "Die Haernoglobinurie der Rinder," in Kolle and "Wassermann's 

Handb. d. pathogenen Mikroorganismen. Berlin : Gustav Fischer, Lieferung 4-5, 

pp. 841-864, PI. Ill (of Piroplasma). [See pp. 853 et seq. re I. ricinus, etc., 

in relation to piroplasmosis.] 
Kossel, H., and Weber 1900), Ueber die Haemoglobinurie der Rinder in Fiidand. 

Arb. a. d. Kaiserl. Ges.-Amt., xvn. (/. ricinus in relation to piroplasmosis in 

cattle.) 
Kossel, H., Schiitz, Weber, Miessner (1903), Ueber die Hamoglobinurie der 

Rinder in Deutschland. Arbeiten a. d. Kaiserl. Gesundheitsamte, Bd. xx. Heft 

1, 77 pp., 3 Plates. (Very good photomicrographs illustrating the structure of 

Ixodes ricinus.) 
Kotzebue, M. de (1819), Voyage en Perse a la suite de Vambassade Russe en 1817. 

Paris, viii. 180. (For lengthy quotations of essential parts see Fischer de 

Waldheim (1823), also Laboulbene (1867), and Laboulbene and Megnin 

(1882).) 

(1819), Narrative of a journey into Persia, in the suite of the Imperial Russian 

Embassy, in the year 1817. Translated from the German, viii +328 pp., Pis., 
London. 

Kramer, P. (1877), Grundziige zur Systematik der Milben. Arch, fur Natur- 
geschichte, Berlin, Jahrg. xliii., Bd. I., pp. 215-247. 

(1878), Beitrage zur Naturgeschichte der Milben. Zeitschr. f d. ges. Naturwiss., 

Berlin, ser. 3, in. (li. der ganzen Reihe), pp. 519-561. 

Kramer, P., and Neuman, C. J. (1883), Acariden wahrend der Vega-Expedition 

eingesammelt. Ur-Drega Expedit. Vetenskap. Jakttagelser, m. 518, PI. (Ixodes 

putus Pickard-Cambridge.) 
Krapf (1882), Suaheli Dictionary ; Triibner and Co., London. (Cited by Dutton 

and Todd, 1905, pp. 3, 18 as stating : "Pasi, plural Papasi, ticks, an insect said 

to cause fever in one who is bitten by it.") 
Kuchenmeister, F. (1855), Die in und an dem Kbrper des lebenden Menschen vorkom- 

menden Parasiten, i. Abt. : Die thierischen Parasiten, 486 pp., 9 Plates. 

Leipzig: B. G. Teubner. (See pp. 421-424, re Ticks, one poor text-fig. of 

Ixodes ricinus after Gurlt, the same figure is also found in Ziirn (1872).) 
Kuchenmeister and Ziirn (1879), Parasiten, p. 538, et seq. (Argas, cit. Huber, 

1899, p. 14.) 

Laboulbene, J. J. A. (1867), article " Argas" in Dechambre's Dictionnaire encyclop. 
des sci. med., vi. 53, 54. (Quoted verbatim by Laboulbene and Megnin, 1882, 
pp. 325-327.) 

(1867), "Ixodes " in Diet, encyclop. des sci. med. (Cit. Rey, 1892.) 

(1881), Note sur des Argas de Perse envoyes par le Dr Tholozan. Am>. 

Soc. entom. de France, Paris, 6 s., v. 1, Bull. (16), lxxxviii-lxxxix. 

(1882), Sur le parasitisme de V Argas reflexus. Ann. Soc. entom. de France, 

Paris, 6 s., v. 2, Pt 2, Bull. (7), xcviii-xcix. 

see Desnos, see Megnin. 

29 



Bibliography of the lxodoidea lab leb 

Laboulbene, J.J. A., and MtSgnin, J. P. (1882), Memoire sur lee Argot de Pers.-. 

Journ. de Vanat. et de la physiol. Paris, xvm. 317-341, Pis. XXI-XXIII. 
(1882), Sur les Argas de Perse. C. R. Soc. de bio/., /'<>ri.<, \. 34, 7 s., v. 4, 

p. 577. 

Lahille, F. (V. 1905), Contribution ;i 1'i'tude'des Ixodidea tie la Republique 
Argentine. Republica Argentina. Anodes del Minixtero de Agricultura, SeeciOn 
de Zooteenia, Barter iologia, Veterinaria y Zoologia, Vol. II., No. 2, l(Jo pp., 
13 Plates, 23 Text-Figs. Buenos Aires : Imprimerie du Bureau Metebrologique. 

Latreille, P. A. (1795), Magazin encyclope'dique, iv. p. 15. (('it. Michael, 1883, 

p. 29.) 
(1796), Precis des caracteres ge'ne'riqites des insectes, disposes dans wn ordre naturel. 

An v. pp. xii + 201, 12°, Brive. (Carios (sic) : p. 177.) 
(1804), Histoire naturelle, generate et particuliere, des crastace's et des insectes. 

An xii., vin. pp. 411, 8°, Paris. {Can's: p. 55.) 
(1806), Genera crustaceorum et insectorum, I. pp. xviii + 302, Tab. i-xvi. {Caris : 

p. 161.) 

(1829), Crustacds, arachnides et partie des insectes. Cuvier's Le regne animal, 

Paris, iv. pp. 584, 8°. (See Ixodes, pp. 287-290.) 

(1835), Ueber Caris vespertilionis. Isis von Oken, Jena (6), pp. 511, 512. 

Lavarra, L. (1905), Sopra una nuova specie di Haemaphysalis (aculeata). Boll. Soc. 

Zool. Ital., (2), v. 255-258. 

(1905), Note sugli organi digerenti e genitali degli Ixodini. Boll. Soc. Zool. 

Ital, (2), vi. 150. 

(1906), Sugli organi digerenti e genitali degli Lvodidi. Boll, Soc. Zool. Ital., 

vn. 148-154. 

Laveran, A. (17. I. 1903), Au sujet du r61e des Tiques dans la propagation des Piro- 
plasmoses. C. R. Soc. Biologie, Liv. 61-63. 

Laveran, A., and Negre (10. VI. 1905), Sur un protozoaire parasite de Hyalomma 
aegyptium. Compt. Rend, Soc. Biol., lviii. 964, 1 Fig., reprint. 

Laveran, A., and Valine (1905), Sur un cas de transmission par des /.codes de la 
spirillose et de la piroplasrnose bovines. C. R. Acad. Sci., cxl. 1515-1517. 
(Boophilus decoloratus transmitting Spirochaeta theileri.) 

Leach, W. E. (1815), A tabular view of the external characters of four classes of 
animals, which Linne arranged under Insecta ; with the distribution of the 
genera composing three of these classes into orders, etc., and descriptions 
of several new genera and species. (Bead April — June, 1814.) Trans, of 
the Linnaean Society, London, xi. 306-400. (lxodoidea : pp. 396-399.) 

(1824), Isis, p. 11. (Git, Neumann, 1899, p. 157 re I. plumbeus Leach.) 

Lebedinsky, J. (1900), Zur Hohlenfauna der Krym (Bussian, only this sub-title 

in German), Mem. New Russia Soc. Naturalists, Odessa, xxm. 47-64, PL- 
Figs. 1-22. Bussian, reprint. (Pp. 57, 63 and Fig. 14 relate to " Ixodes erinacei," 
said to differ from I. ricinus in that coxa I bears no spine. It is probably 
/. hexagonus, but the figure is unrecognizable and there is no description.) 

(? 1902), Zur Hohlenfauna der Krym (Bussian, only this sub-title in German). 

Mem. New Russia Soc. Naturalists, Odessa, xxv. 75-88, Pis. I-II, Figs. 1 47. 
Bussian, reprint undated. (P. 81 : lists Eschatocephalus seidlitzii L. Koch and 
figures its tarsus on PI. II, Fig. 31; Esch. frauenfeldi L. Koch and figures its 

30 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea leg lig 

tarsus on PI. II, Fig. 32 ; Ixodes obliquus C. L. Koch, dorsum and venter shown 
in PI. II, Figs. 33-33 a (poor ; may depict /. vespertilionis 9)- The foregoing 
ticks found near Kizilkoba, Crimea. P. 84 lists Hyalomma rufipes C. L. Koch ; 
figured in PI. II, Figs. 43, 43 a, a very bad figure of £ ffyalommn, possibly 
aegyplium ; found in cave at Iograph on top of Yaila above Yalta, Crimea. 
All of these ticks found in caves; there is no mention of hosts.) 

Legendre (1858), Pustula maligna durch Stich eines Holzbocks. Tod. Gaz. de 
Paris, in. (Refer. Schmidt's Jahrb., Vol. cv. (Cit. Huber, bibl., 1910, p. 24.)) 

Leidy, J. (IX. 1890), Remarks on Ticks. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1890, 
pp. 281-282. Reprinted (1904) in Smithsonian Misc. Collections, Vol. xlvi., 
and as a part (No. 1477), being the author's collected papers. (See pp. 227-229 
re Ticks.) 

Leuckart, see Frey. 

Lewis, L. L. (1897), Texas fever. Bull. No. 27, Oklahama Agric. Exp. Sta., 
pp. 8-15, map. (S. and S. bibl.) 

(1899), Texas fever. Bull. No. 39, Oklahama Agric. Exp. Sta., pp. 1-28, 

Figs. 1-5. (S. and H. bibl.) 

(1900), Means of preventing Texas fever. Oklahama Agric. Exp. Sta. Beport, 

pp. 26-28. (H. and H. bibl.) 

Lewis, R. T. (1892 b), Note on a species of Ixodes found upon a South African 
lizard. Journ. Quekett Microsc. Club, London, s. 2, v. 10-14, PI. I. (Ixodes 
varani Lewis, 1892 = Aponomma exomatum (Koch).) 

(1892), Note on the process of oviposition as observed in a species of cattle 

tick. Journ. Roy. Microsc. Soc, pp. 449-454, PI. VII, Figs. 1-8, also 
pp. 574, 575. 

(1898-1900), Notes on some Australian ticks received from Mr C. J. Pound. 

Journ. Quekett Microsc. Club, London, s. 2, vn. 222-228, also Am. Month. 
Micr. Journ., Washington (1900), xxi. 123-127, 1 PI. 

(1900), A contribution to the life-history of Ixodes reduvius (Linn.). Journ. 

Quekett Microsc. Club, London, s. 2, vn. 381-386, PI. XXI, Figs. 1-5. 

(read 21. VI. 1901), A further note on Ixodes reduvius (Linn.). Journ. Quekett 

Microsc. Club, London (Nov. 1901), repr. pp. 153, 154. 

Leydig, F. (1855), Zum feineren Bau der Arthropoden. (Midler's) Arch. f. Anat., 
Physiol, u. loiss. Med., Jahrg. 1855, pp. 376-480, Pis. XV-XVIII. 

(1857), Lehrbuch der Histologic des Menschen und der Thierc, pp. xii + 551, 

271 Figs. Hamm : Grote'sche Buchhandlung (C. Miiller). 

Licb.tenb.eld, G. (1908), Ergebnisse der von R. Koch ausgefuhrten und vorgezeich- 
neten Forschungen fiber das Kustenfieber der Rinder in Deutsch-Ostafrika 
Zeitschr. f. Hyg., lxi. 261-272, PI. IX, 1 Map. 

Lignieres, J (1900), La "Tristeza" ou malaria bovine dans la republique Argentine, 
pp. 172, 16 Plates, 8", Buenos Aires. 

(1901), Experimental transmission of bovine Malaria, 39 pp., 11 Plates, 

4 Charts, 1 Map. (Translated by A. J. Boyd.) Queensland Agric. Journ., 
Vol. ix., Part II. Brisbane : G. A. Vaughan, Acting Gov't Printer. 

(1901), Sur la "Tristeza." C. R. 13e Congr. intern. Med., ill. Sect. Bad. 

Parasit., 108-116, 2 Figs. [Transmission by Ticks.] 

31 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea lin lou 

Linnaeus, C. (1746), Fauna Suecica sistens Animalia Sueciae Regni: quadrupedia, 
aves, amphibia, pisces, insecta, vermes, distribute per classes et ordines, genera et 
species, etc., pp. 411, Tab. i-n., 12", Lugduni Batavorum. 

(1758), Systema Naturae. Regnum Animate, ed. 10, pp. 824, Bolmiae. (Acarus, 

vide pp. 615-618.) 

(1760), Systema Nat., etc., I, Hal. Magdeb. Praef. J. J. Langius. (S. and 

S. bibl.) 

(1761), Fauna Suecica sistens Animalia Sueciae Regni: mammalia, aves, 

amphibia, pisces, insecta, vermes, distributa per classes et ordines, genera, et 
species, etc., ed. 2, pp. 578, Tab. i-n., 12", Stockholmiae. (S. and S. bibl.;) 

Linstow, 0. von (1894), Die Gifttkiere und Hire Wirhung auf den Menschen, 148 pp., 

54 Figs. Berlin: Aug. Hir.schwald. (Brief reference to Ticks (A rgas), pp. 120- 

121.) 
Lintner, J. A. ("J. A. L.") (1874\ The cattle tick. Cultivator and Country 

Gentleman, Albany, xxxix., p. 631. (S. and S. bibl.) 
Livingstone, D. (1857), Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa, etc., 

711 pp. (Ticks : pp. 3S2, 383, 628, 629.) London : John Murray. 

(1874), The last Journals of David Livingstone, in Central Africa, from 1865 to 

his death, continued by a narrative of his last moments, etc., by H. "Waller. 
2 vols., 360 + 346 pp. (Ticks: vol. II. pp. 33, 115.) London: J. Murray. 

Losado, F. (1890), Ixodismo (efectos que produce en el hombre la mordedura del 

ixodo comiin 6 garrapata de los perros). Correo Med. Castellauo, Salamanca, 

vii. 193 ; 225. (Inaccessible.) 
Lounsbury, C. P. (1895), Fowl ticks (letter from T. W. Parker answered by C. P. L.). 

Agric Journ., Cape Town, vill. (25), pp. 657, 658. (Argas persicus.) 
(IX. 1899), Tampans or fowl ticks (Argas reflex-its'?). Agric. Journ., Cape 

Town, xv. (6), 421-422, Figs. a-b. 

(23. XI. 1899), The bont tick. Amblyomma hebraeum Koch. Its life-history 

and habits. Agric. Journ., Cape Town, xv. 728-743, 1 Fig., reprint 16 pp. 

(1899a), Pig lice, alias Tampans. Ibid. xv. (4), Feb. 16, p. 240. (Tampan = 

Omithodonis.) 

(1899b), Ticks. Report of the Gov't Entomologist for the year 1898. Cape of 

Good Hope Dep't of Agric, Cape Town, 1899, pp. 43-46, PI. IX. 

(1900), Tick Investigations. Report of the Gov't Entomologist for the year 

1899. Cape of Good Hope Dep't of Agriculture, Cape Town, 1900, pp. 19-34, 
Plates III-IV. (Heartwater and Redwater infection experiments with 
Amblyomma hebraeum, with notes on biology of this and other species : 
Hyal. aegyptium, Rhip. evertsi, Boo. decoloratus, Rhip. capensis, Ambl. derium, 
Orn. savignyi, Argas persicus.) 

(V. 1900), Tick-heartwater experiment. Agnc. Journ., Cape Town, xvi. (11), 

682-687, 3 Charts. 

(1900a), Notes on some South African Ticks. Proc. 12th Ann. Meeting of the 

Assoc, of Econ. Entomologists. Issued by U. S. Dep't of Agric, Division of 
Entomology. Bulletin No. 26, n.s. Washington, pp. 41-48. (Amblyomma 
hebraeum, Hyal. aegyptium, Boo. decoloratus, Rhip. evertsi, Orn. savignyi, 
Arg. persicus.) 

(1900b), Insect bites and the effects thereof. Canadian Entomologist, xxxn. 

17-24. (Bites of ticks, not insects. Argas, Orn. savignyi or tampan.) 

32 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea lou 

Lounsbury, 0. P. (1900 c), Tick-Heartwater experiment. Report of the Qvtft 

Entomologist for the year 1900. Cape of Good Hope Dep't of Agriculture, 
Cape Town, 1901, pp. 12-22. 

(1900 d), Life-History of a Tick. Entomol. News, Philadelphia, xi. 336 ;no. 

(A mbh/omma hebraeum.) 

(21. XI. 1901), Transmission of malignant jaundice of the dog bj a species >>f 

tick. Agric. Journ., Cape Town, xix. 714-724 ; 10 pp., reprint. {Haemaphytalu 
leachi.) 

(1902), (Tick investigations) Tampan not associated with heartwater |>. 65)- 

Tick-Heartwater investigations (pp. 2-4, 29-74) — Tick Malignant Jaundice 
investigations (pp. 4-9)— Tick, catching and destruction (pp. 3, 4, 49, 71), 
Pis. IV-VI. Report of the Gov't Entomologist for the year 1!)()I, Cope <>/' Good 
Hope Dep't of Agric. Cape Town, 1902. (Tampan = Ornithodorus.) 

(II. 1902), Transmission of malignant jaundice of the dog by a species of tick. 

Veterinarian, London (890), lxxv., 1 s. (566), xlviii. 86-95. (Same as Louns- 
bury, 1901.) 

(VIII. 1902), Heartwater in calves. Agric. Journ., Cape Town, xxi. 165-169 ; 

reprint, 7 pp. 

(X. 1902), The plague of Ticks ; their destruction by oil spraying ; Eastern 

Province experiments. Ibid. xxi. 337-345, 4 Figs. ; reprint, 11 pp. 4 Figs. 

(XI. 1902), The plague of Ticks. Oil- water pumps etc. (for tick extermina- 
tion). Ibid. xxi. 427-434, 6 Figs. ; reprint, 12 pp., 6 Figs. 

(1903), 1. Ticks and Ehodesian Cattle disease, pp. 16-18. 2. Ticks and 

Malignant Jaundice, pp. 18-20. 3. Ticks and Heartwater, pp. 20-41. Report 
of the Gov't Entomologist for the year 1902. Cape of Good Hope, Dep't of 
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(VII. 1903), A note on tick investigation. Transvaal Agric. Journ., I. (4), 11-12. 

(Rhipicephalus shipleyi Nn., validity of species discussed, also R. simus.) 

(IX. 1903), The fowl tick. Studies on its life-cycle and habits. Agric. Journ., 

Cape Town, xxm. 261-273, 3 Pis., repr. 

(X. 1903), Ticks and African Coast fever. Transvaal Agricult. Journ., n. 4-8. 

(1904), 1. Ticks and African Coast Fever, pp. 11-15. 2. Ticks and Heart- 
water, pp. 15-21. 3. Ticks and Malignant Jaundice, pp. 22-43. Charts etc. 
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(1904), Ticks and malignant jaundice of the dog. Journ. of Compar. Pathol, and 

Therap., xvn., 113-129. 

(1904), Distribution of Coast Fever Ticks. Agric. Journ., Cape Town, xxv. 

268-270. 1 Map. 

(IV. 1904), Transmission of African Coast fever. Ibid. xxiv. 428-432, 7 pp., 

2 Pis., reprint. 

(VIII. 1904), Persian sheep and heartwater. Ibid. xxv. 175-186, 3 Figs.; 12 pp., 

repr. (Ambl. hebraeum.) 

(XI. 1904), External parasites of fowls. Agric. Journ., Cape Town. No. 27, 

Repr., 5 pp., 4 Figs. (Includes a short account of Argas persicm ; more fully 
treated in Lounsbury (ix. 1903).) 

N. I. 33 5 



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of Good Hope, Dep't of Agriculture, pp. 95-104. 

(III. 1905), Tests of substances for tick destruction. Agric. Joum., Cape Town, 

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(III. 1905), Cattle dips and their value as destroyers of ticks. (Editorial.) 

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(1906), Report of the Government Entomologist for the half-year ended 31 st 

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(1906), Habits and peculiarities of some South African Ticks. Report 75/// 

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(IX. 1908), The Seabury cattle spraying machine. Agric. Joum., Cape Town, 

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(1908), Report of the Government Entomologist for the year 1908. Appendix 

IV. (P. 63, brief mention of ticks and heartwater ; p. 65, experiments with a 
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Lucas, H. (1835-36), Descriptions et figures d especes nouvelles d' Arachnides. Paris. 
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(1836), Quelques observations sur la maniere de pondre chez les Ixodes etc. 

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(1845), Notice sur quelques especes nouvelles d'lxodes. Ann. Soc. Entomol. 

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(1845), Notice sur quelques especes d'lxodes qui vivent parasites sur les 

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p. 58, PI. I, Fig. 3 (Ixodes omithorhynchi Lucas). 

(1846), Notice sur quelques especes nouvelles dTxodes qui vivent parasites 

sur les Serpents (Boa constrictor et Python sebae) et sur l'Ornithorynque 
(Omithorhynchus paradoxus Blum.). Ann. Soc. Entomol. de France, s. 2, iv. 
53-64, PI. I (I. flavomaculatus Lucas = Aponomma exornatum Koch, etc.). 

34 5—2 



» 

Bibliography of the Ixodoidea luc mac 

Lucas, H. (1847;, Ixodes gervaisi et fusco-lineatus on. spp. Ann. de la Soditd 
Eatomologique de France, v. Bull. pp. xcix-ci (Page c, abstract: /. fttsco- 
lineatus.) 

(1849), Exploration scientifique de I'Alge'rie. Zoologie i. Hi.stoire naturelle 

des Auimaux articules, Part I, pp. 316, 317. 

(1849), [Ixodes pulehellus], [Secretary's abstr. of paper read Oct. 10th.] Ann. 

Soc. Entomol. de France, Paris, 2 s., VII. Bull., pp. lxxx-lxxxi. 

(14. VIII. 1850), Ann. Soc. Entomol. de France, 2 ser., vol. via. A'"//, p. xli. 

(I. poortmani Lucas = Amblyomma hebraeum Koch.) 

(1851), [Description de la feinelle de I 'Ixodes flaro- maculatus], [Secretary's 

abstr. of paper presented Dec. 24th.] Ann. Soc. Entomol. de France, Paris, 2 -.. 
ix. Bull., pp. cxx-cxxi. 

(1852), [Ixodes variegatus n.sp.]. [Secretary's abstr. of paper read Dec. 22nd.] 

Ann. Soc. Entomol. de France, Paris, 2 s., x. Bidl., pp. lxxxviii-lxxxix. 

(I860), Diagnose d'une nouvelle espece d'lxode. Ann. Soc. Entomol. de France 

(3), viii. 538. (Aponomma globidus (Lucas) Neumann.) 

(1861), Note sur une nouvelle espece du genre Ixodes. Ann. Soc. Entomol. de 

France, 4 s., I. 225-226. (Aponomma trachysauri (Lucas) Neumann.) 

(1866), Note sur 1' Ixodes pustularum sp. nov. Ann. Soc. Entomol. de France, 

4 s., vi. Bidl. p. lvii. ( — Ixodes ricinus.) 

(1867), Note sur Ylxodes flavo-maculatus male et sur la maniere anormale de 

vivre de Ylxodes gervaisii. Bull. Soc. Entomol. de France, p. lxxii. (Cit. 
Neumann.) 

(1872), [Ixodes longipes sp. nov.]. Ann. Soc. Entomol. de France, 5 s., n. Btdl, 

pp. lxxiv-lxxv. (Ixodes vesper tilion is Koch.) 

(1873), [Ixodes aegyptius xxxii, flavo-maculatus, Arach., esp. nouv.]. Ann. 

Soc. Entomol. de France, 5 s., in. Bull, pp. xxxi-xxxii. (Ixodes aegyptius L. found 
on Testudo mauritanica = Hyalomma syriacuml) 

(27. II. 1878), Bull. Soc. Entomol. de France, 5 s., viii. p. xxxv. (Ixodes 

acanthoglossi Lucas and Ixodes trimaculatus Lucas.) 

(8. V. 1878), Ixodes trimaculatus n.sp. Bull. Soc. Entomol. de France, 5 s., mi. 

pp. lxxvii-lxxviii. 

Ludwig, H. (1886), Leunis' Synopsis der Thierhmde, 3. Aufl. II. pp. xvi + 1231, 
Figs. 1160, Hanover. (S. and S. bibl.) 

Lugger, 0. (1896), Insects injurious in 1896. Bull. No. 48, Minn. Agric. Exp. Sta., 
Ent., pp. 31-270, Figs. 189. (S. and S. bibl.) 

Liihe, M. see Braun. 

Lyonnet (1829), Eecherches sur l'anatomie et lea metamorphoses de difierentes 
especes d'Insectes. Mem. du Mus. d'Hist. Nat., xvm. 288 et seq., PL VI 
(XIV), Figs. 1-8. (From citation in Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 10, it is clear that 
this author fell into various errors. Also cited by Audouin, 1832, and Gene, 
1844.) 

Macalister, A. (1871), On some species of Parasites hitherto undescribed. Quart. 
Journ. Microsc. Sri. (n. s.), xi. 163. (Ixodes phascolomys Macalister, a nominal 
species.) 

35 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea mac mar 

Macalister, A. (1872), Description of a new Genua of [xodea Adenopleui 

Quart. Journ. Microsc. Sci. (n.s.), xn. p. 287, PI. XIV, Figs. 5-8. (Fig. copied 

in Murray, 1877, p. 200; nonsensical description.) 
MacKellar, W. M., and Hart, G. H. (1911), Eradicating cattle ticks in California. 

U.S. Dep't Agric, 26th Ann. Rep. Bur. Animal Industry for the year L909, 

pp. 283-300, PL XV, Text-Figs. 7-10. (Eradication of Boophilus, the figures 

relate to dipping vats etc.) 
MacLeod, J. (1884 a), La structure de Fiotestin anterieur des arachnides prel. n<<te). 

Bull. Acad. Belgique, Annee Lin., 3 ser., vill. 377-306. Figures. [Brief u< 

re sucking apparatus of Argus.] 
(1884 b), Reeherches sur la structure et la signification dc i'appareil respiratoire 

des Arachnides. Arch. d. Biol., v. (Cited by Samson, 1909, p. 233.) 
Mally, C W. (IX. 1904), Notes on the so-called Paralysis Tick, Ixodes pilosus. 

Agric. Journ., Cape Town, xxv. 291-296, repr. 8 pp., no figs. 
Manson, P. (1903), Tropical Diseases. A Manual of the Diseases of Warm Climates. 

3rd ed. Cassell and Co., London, 756 pp. (Re Ornithodorus moubata see pp. 713, 

714.) 

(1908), Tropical Diseases. A Manual of Diseases of Warm Climates. 

London: Cassell and Co., Ltd., 876 pp. (Ticks described, pp. 202-205 and 
figured on coloured PI. IV : Boophilus (? annulatus) $ , Ixodes ricinus $ [both 
gorged], Orn. moubata, A. persicus, all in dorsal aspect.) 

Manteufel, P. (1909), Ueber den gegenwartigen Stand unserer Kenntnis von der 
Bedeutung der Arthropoden als Uebertrager von Infektionskrankheiten bei 
Wirbelthieren. Zoolog. Zentralbl, xvi. Nr. 2/3, pp. 41-81. (Arachnoidea, 
pp. 52-63, a review of the literature on disease-transmission by ticks etc.) 

see Schuberg. 

Marchoux, E. see Borrel. 

Marchoux, E., and Salimbeni, A. (IX. 1903), La Spirillose des Poules. Ann. de 

VI nst. Pasteur, XVII. 569-580, repr. 
Marescaux, O. (1903), How to get rid of ticks on cattle. [Abstr. from 1'roc. 

Jamaica Agric. Sac, Feb. 21st.] Agric. News, Barbados (24), n., Mar. 14th, 

p. 88. 
Mariano, M. (1902), Di una nuova specie di acaro dell' ordine dei Metastigmata, 

gen. Argas (Argas andresi n. sp.). 6 pp. Camerino. 
(1904), Idem ('(). Zool. Am., Leipzig, xxvu. (22), June 28th, 704-706. [MS. 

dated June, 1902.] 
Marlatt, C. L. (11. VIII. 1899), A Californian Tick. Canadian Entomologist, p. 229, 

repr. (Argasl found in Santa Lucia Mts.) 
Marotel, G. (1906), Le role des tiques dans la propagation des piroplasmoses et des 

spirochetoses. Etat actuel de la question. Journ. de me'd. vet. et zootech., Lyon, 

June 30th, pp. 349-362, Figs. 1-5. 
Martin, J. (1895), Sur une nouvelle espece d'lxodidae du Congo, AmMyomma 

quantini. Ann. d. sci. nat, Paris, Zool. (1894), 7 s., xvm. 267-278, PL XIV, 

Figs. 1-11. ( = Ambl. splendidum Giebel.) 
Martini, E. (1904), Insekten als Krankbeitsubertrager. Modeme tiritliche Bibliothek, 

Heft 11, 25 Figs., 39 pp. Berlin: Leonhard Simion Xf. [A brief review, 

contains nothing original about ticks; the latter mentioned on pp. 31-35.] 

36 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea mar may 

Martini, E. (1907), Ueber die Rinderzecken Schantungs and ihre Beziehungen zu 

den dortigen Piroplasmosen. Arch. f. Schiffs- u. Tropen-Hyg., \i. 740 7 13. 

(Found Piroplasma bovis and TkeUeria pnrca in cattle, /'. cants in dogs. 

Booph. annulatus, Hyal. aegyptium, Haem. neumanni found on cattle. 
Martiny (1854), Naturgeschichte der fur die Heilkunde wichtigen Thiere. !'. 136, 

Zecken, Fam. Ixodidae, including 2 genera: Argas and Ixodes. Cit. 

Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 15.) 
Martius, see Spix. 
Marx, G. 1892a), Notes on the Classification of the Ixodidae. Proc. Entumol. Soc. 

Washington, u. 232-236. (Cynorhoestea proposed as a Sub-order of Acarina to 

include all ticks (Argasidae, Ixodidae, Escliatocephalidae, Haenialastoridae, 

Rhipistomidae) under 2 groups : Catastomata, Antistornata.) 
(1892b), On the morphology of the ticks. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Washington, 

II. 271-287. (Historical sketch re Antistornata ; larvae, adults, detailed 

morphology.) 

(1894 and 1895), {Amblyomma tuberculatum, n.sp.). Insect Life, vi. No. 4. 

(1895), Obituary Notice of his Work. Plate illustrating following species 

published in connection with obituary, Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash., vol. in. pp. 195- 
201 : Rhyachoprion spinosum { = Ornithodorus megnini, nymph), Ornithodorus 
americanus ( — 0. megnini, adult), Argas americanus. 

Marzinowski, E. J., and Bielitzer, A. W. (1909;, Piroplasmose des Pferdes in 

Russland und die Rolle der Zecke Dermacentor reticulatus bei ihrer Verbreituug. 

Zeitschr. f. Hyg. a. Infektionshr., lxiii., pp. 17-33, Pis. II-VII repr. (Pis. 

II-III of D. reticulatus, egg, larva, ^ and $ , very poor.) 
Maskell, W. M. (1885), On a parasite of the penguin. Trans, and Proc. New 

Zealand Institute, 1884 (issued V. 1885), xvn. 19-20, PI. VIII, Figs. 12 -14. 

{Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell.) 
(20. I. 1897), On some tick-parasites of the Kiwi [Apteryx mantelli, Apt. 

aastralis]. Trans, and Proc. New Zealand Institute, xxix. 290-293, PI. XVII. 

{Ixodes apteritidis and Ixodes aptericola Maskell.) 
Massey, A. Y. (1905), Spirillosis in Portuguese West Africa. Journ. Tr<>p. Med., 

vin. 225. (Describes a case of spirochaetosis in man.) 
Mauldin, 0. E. see Newell. 
Mayer, A. (1904), The Cattle Tick problem. [Letter to the editor.] Breeder's On:., 

Chicago, xlvi. p. 129. 

(1905), Total eradication of the fever -transmitting tick from the pastures of the 

South. [Letter dated Apr. 20th, in Morgan, H. A. (1905).] Bull. Agric. 
Exper. Sta., Univ. Tennessee, Knoxville, xviii. p. 10. 

(1906), The cattle tick in its relation to southern agriculture. U. S. Bep't 

Agric, Fanners' Bull, No. 261, pp. 1-22, reprint. (Essay of a general 
character.) 

Mayer, M. see Fulleborn. 

Mayo, N. S. (1897), Texas fever. Bull. No. 69, Kansas Agric. Exp. Sta., pp. 
124-134. (Cited in bibl. by Salmon and Stiles 1901 ; stated by Hooker 1908 b 
to have published a paper "Some diseases of cattle" Ibid, in which he continued 
the observation by Morgan (1899, p. 134) that Amblyomma americanttm does 
not convey piroplasmosis.) 

37 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea mcc meg 

McCulloch, C (1899), The prevention of Texas cattle fever and the amended laws 

controlling contagious and infectious diseases. Virginia Agr. Exp. Sta,, Bull. 

104, pp. 167-180, 1 pi. (H. and H. bibl.) 
McFarland, J. (1910), Biology. General and Medical. Philadelphia and London : 

W. B. Saunders Co. 440 pp., 160 Figs. (Pp. 317-320 brief reference to ticks ; 

Fig. 113 of Orn. moubata, very bad. Nothing original.) 
Meaden, C. W. (1893), Ticks on an Iguana. Trinidad Field Club, i. ±2-2. 
Meek, A. (1897), On Louping-Ill and its connection with the Tick. Veterinarian, 

lxx. 698-709. 
Meek and Greig-Smith (V. 1897), (Regarding ticks and louping-ill in sheen;. 

Veterinarian (cit. Nuttall, 1899, p. 42). 
Megnin, P. (1867), Note sur un nouvel Ixode, parasite du Cheval. L' Insectologie 

agricole, I. 107, PI. IV. {Ixodes pustularum; translation of this in Murray, 

1877, p. 191.) 
(I. 1868), La famille des Ixodes. Journ. de me'd. vete'r. milit., vi. 423. 

(1876), Presentation d'un parasite colossal de l'ordre des Acariens et du genre 

Ixodes. Bull, de la Soc. centr. de vied, veter. Bee. de me'd. ve'te'r., ill. 831. 
(Ixodes africanus Megnin = Hyalomma aegyptium (Linn.). Cit. Neumann.) 

(1876a), Memoire sur l'organisation et la distribution zoologique des acariens 

de la Famille des Gamasides. Journ. de VAnat. et de la Physiol., Paris, xn., 
May-June, pp. 288-336, Pis. VII, VIII. 

(1876 b), Presentation d'eeufs pondus par l'ixode recueilli sur un bceuf 

dAfrique. Bee. de med. vet., Paris, Aug. 30th, p. 985. 

(1876 c), Note sur la faculte qu'ont certains acariens avec ou sans bouche de 

vivre sans nourriture pendant des phases entieres de leur existence et meine 
pendant toute leur vie. Journ. cPAnat. et de Physiol., xn. 603-606. [Nymphal 
forms of Ixodidae, etc., "without mouths" live on stored nutriment.] 

(1878), Presentation d'lxodes recueillis sur des bceufs algeriens et maroccains. 

Bull. Soc. Entomol. France, 5 s., vin., pp. xci, xcii. (Copulation etc.) 

(1880a), Les Parasites et les Maladies Parasitaires chez Vhomme, les animaux 

domestiques et les animaux sauvages avec lesquels Us peitvent etre en contact; in- 
sectes, arachnides, crustaces, pp. 478, Figs. 65, Pis. XXVI, 8°, Paris. (Ticks: 
pp. 106-136, 322, 344, 363, 403, 422.) 

(1882), Experience sur Taction nocive des Argas de Perse. Compt. rend. Soc. de 

Biol., Paris, Ser. 7, IV. 305-307. 

(1885), Les Argas du Mexique. Journ. de VAnat. et de la Physiol., Paris, xxi., 

460-474, Pis. XX, XXI, Figs. 1-10. 

(1888), Ixodiden. Encycl. d. ges. Thierh. u. Thierzucht (Koch), Wien u. 

Leipzig, v. 198-200, Figs. 902-903. 

(1892), Les Acariens Parasites. (Encyclopedic Scientifique des Aide-memoire.) 

Paris: Gauthier-Villars et Fils. 40 Figs., 182 pp., 12°. (See pp. 25-67: 
Chapter u., " Famille des Ixodides.") 

(1895 a), Les parasites articules chez Vhomme et les animaux utiles (maladies 

qu'ils occasionnent). 2. ed. des parasites et maladies parasitaires, augmentee dun 
appendice sur les parasites des cadavres. 2 vols., 1 p. 1., 510 pp. ; atlas, 1 p. L, 
26 1., 26 pp., 8°. Paris : G. Masson. (Cit. Index Catal. Surgeon General's Libr., 
Washington, vol. x. 1905.) 

38 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea meg meu 

Megnin, P. (15. X. 1895), Sur les pretendus roles pathogeniques des Tiques '>u 

Ixodes. Bull, de UAcad. do Med., xxxiv. :r>4-369, Figs. A-J. 

(10. I. 1903), Du role des Tiques ou Ixodes dans la propagation dee Piroplas- 

moses. G. R. Soc. Biologie, lv. 4-6, also (rev.) Bull. Trust. Pasteur, i. '■'■>. 

(1903), Un dernier mot snr le role des Ixodes dans la propagation d( 3 

piroplasmoses. C. R. Soc. de Biol., lv. 147-148. [Discussion, j>. l \u] 

(7. II. 1903), Encore un mot sur la biologie des Ixodes. C. R. Soc. de Biol., i.v., 

Feb. 13th, 175-176. [Discussion, p. 176.] 

(1904), Sur la biologie des tiques. Journ. de I'Anat. et Physiol., xi„ 569. 

see Laboulbene. 

Megnin, P., and Laboulbene (1882), Sur les Argas de Perse. Compt. Rendus Soc. 
Biol., Paris, Ser. 7, iv. p. 577. (See full paper under Laboulbene and 
Megnin.) 

Meikle, J. (I. 1905), [Dipping cattle for ticks.] [Address before Farmers' Conference, 
Salisbury, Nov. 7th, 1904.] Rhodesian Agric Journ., Salisbury, SuppL, 12-13. 

Melvin, A. D. (1905), Report of the Chief of the Bureau for the Fiscal Year ended 
June 30, 1905. U. S. Dept. Agric., 22nd Annual Report of the Bureau of 
Animal Industry, Washington, D.C., pp. 9-48. (P. 16, regarding tick extermi- 
nation, mention of Boophilus annulatus and Rhipicephalus sanguineus.) 

(1906), Report of the Chief of the Bureau for the Fiscal Year ended June 30, 

1906. U. S. Dept. Agric, 2?>rd Annual Report of the Btireau of Animal 
Industry, Washington, D.C., pp. 9-63. (See pp. 23, 28, 46 regarding tick 
eradication; also later parts of the report, viz. pp. 101-112: also pp. 339-346 
regarding quarantine regulations against Texas Fever.) 

(1906a), How to get rid of cattle ticks. U.S. Dept. Agric, Bur. Animal 

Industry, circular 97, pp. 1-4, 1 PI. ("Deals with the hand-picking and 
greasing, the tie-rope or picketing, and the two-field methods." Cit. H. and 
H. bibl.) 

(1907), Report of the Chief of the Bureau for the Fiscal Year ended June 30, 

1907. U. S. Dept. of Agric, 24th, Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal 
Industry, Washington, D.C., pp. 9-84. (See pp. 10, 15, 23-25, 56 regardin.; 
cattle tick eradication and quarantine measures ; also pp. 421, 424, 433, 451, 
452, 458, 462, 463 regarding regulations against Tevas Fever.) 

(1908), Report of the Chief of the Bureau for the Fiscal Year ended June 30, 

1908. U. S. Dept. of Agric, 25th Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal 
Industry, Washington, D.C., pp. 9-81. (States p. 12 that during less than 
3 years 64,000 square miles of land in the Southern States have been cleared of 
cattle ticks. See further pp. 22, 48, 53 also in relation to Texas Fever. Pp. 
434, 462 regulations against Texas Fever.) 

Merriman, G. see Nuttall. 

Messenger, E. H. (1904), Poultry ticks. Queensland Agric. Journ., Brisbane, xi. 

(2), Aug. 1st, p. 114. 
Meuleman, E. (VIII-IX. 1908), Le role des ixodes dans la propagation des maladies 

contagieuses. Ann. de Med. Ve'terin. (Bruxelles), reprint 22 pp. (Causerie 

faite a la Soc. de Med. Veterin. du Brabant le 10 mai 1908.) (Nothing 

original.) 

(1908), Le role des ixodes etc. Ann. Soc. zool. malacol. Belgique, xliii. 

149-166. 

39 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea mez mon 

Mezincescu, D., and Calinescu, J. (1909), Spirillose dea poulea et Argot perstctu 

en Roumanie. Bull. Soc. Path. Exot., Paris, n. 292. 
Michael, A. D. (1883), British Oribatidae, Vol. L, p. 5. (Mentions [xodidae 

incidentally ; quoted regarding classification. Vol. II. published L887. London: 

Royal Society.) 

(1892), [Discussion on Lewis's paper before the Royal Micr. Soc.]. Journ. II. 

Microsc. Soc, 1892, p. 446. 

(V. 1892), Ticks. Natural Science [London and New Fork], i. 2<h» 204, 

3 Text-Figs. (Figs., after Canestrini and Pageustecher, poorly reproduced.) 

(1903), Remarks upon specimens of ticks of the genus Ixodes. [Secretary's 

abstr. of paper read Feb. 28th.] Proc. Zool. Soc. London, (12), p. 1771. 

Miessner, see Kossel. 

Miller, W. McN. (1895), Texas cattle fever. Bull. No. 31, Nevada Agric. Exp. 
Sta., pp. 11. (S. and S. bibl.) 

Milne, A. D. see Ross. 

Milne Edwards, see Duges, A. L. 

Milner, E. (1858), Be animalibus animalium parasitis novoque eorum genere 
isopodorum ordini adscribendo, In. Diss., pp. 30, Bonnae. (S. and S. bibl.) 

Mingazzini (1898), Zoologia medica, pp. 245-249. (A. reflexus, cit. Huber, 1899, 
p. 16.) 

Miyajima, K. see Shibayama. 

Modder, E. E. (1907), The transmission of yaws by ticks. Journ. Trop. Med. and 
Hyg., (a) 1 June, p. 187, and (b) 15 Nov., p. 361. (Believes "Ixodes bovis" transmits 
yaws from diseased to healthy cattle. Ticks prevalent in native huts together 
with framboesia. Brings no proof whatever in support of the hypothesis. The 
second paper is perhaps as worthless as the first.) 

Mohler, J. R. (1905), Texas Fever (otherwise known as Tick Fever, Splenetic Fever, 
or Southern Cattle Fever), with methods for its prevention. U. S. BepH 
Agricidt., Bureau Animal Industry, Washington. Bulletin No. 78, 48 pp., 
3 coloured plates (of ticks) and 3 Text- Figures. (Describes symptoms, pathology, 
treatment and methods of tick destruction. Pp. 13-15 brief description of 
B. annulatus, B. reticulatus, B. electas, Ambl. americanum, I. ridnus, I. hexa- 
gonus, Argas persicus (miniatus), Orn. megnini, all of which are figured in 
the coloured plates.) 

(1906 a), Texas or tick fever and its prevention. U.S. BepH Agricidt., Farmers* 

Bull. No. 258, pp. 1-46, Figs. 1-6. (Condensed re-edition of the preceding. 
Cit. H. and H. bibliogr.) 

Mollers, B. (XII. 1907), Experimen telle Studien fiber die Uebertragung des Riickfall- 
fiebers durch Zecken. Ztsckr. f. Hyg. u. InfeJctionsb:, lviii. 277-286. 

Moniez, R. (1896), Traite de Parasitologic, pp. 499-509. (Refers especially to 
A. reflexus, mentions other Argasidae; cited in Huber, bibl., 1899, Heft 2 and 
1900, Heft 4.) 

(1896), Traite de Parasitologic animate et vegetale appliquee a la Me'decine. 

8°, Paris, viii. + 680 pp. (Divides the family Ixodides into 2 genera : Argas and 
Ixodes, which he states (p. 488) have been sub-divided into several sub-genera. 
Ticks also mentioned on p. 496. Moniez contributes nothing to the subject and 
only confuses the nomenclature. We are indebted to Prof. Neumann for an 
abstract from the worthless original.) 

40 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea mon mot 

Montagu, G. (1808), An account of the larger and lesser Bpecies of horse shoe 
bats etc. Trans. Linnean Soc, London, ix. L62-173. (Original description of 
Acari on bats useless. Leach, ibid. 1815, xi. p. 3!)!), says the A.cari were 
Ixodes pari Leach 1815; there is nothing to prove this beyond Leach's 
statement.) 

Moore, F. W. J. (1895), Not scab in Australia but ticks. Agric. Journ., < !ape Town, 
vin. (15), July 25th, 380-381. 

Moquin-Tandon (1860), Elements de Zoologie me'dicale. (Cited by older authors re 
ticks and in Huber's bibliography, 1900, Heft 4.) 

(1861), Elements of Medical Zoology, translated and edited by Robert Thomas 

Hulme, pp. 423, Figs. 124, London. (S. and S. bibl.) 

Morgan, H. A. (1894), Report of the Entomologist. Bull. No. 28, s. 2, Louisiana 
Agric. Exp. Sta,, pp. 982-1005, Figs. 1-8. (S. and S. bibl.) 

(1899a), Ticks and Texas Fever. Bull. No. 56, ser. 2, Louisiana Agric. Exp. 

Sta,, pp. 128-141, Pis. I-IX. 

(1903a), How can we exterminate the cattle tick? Proc. Louisiana State 

Agric. Soc. and Stockbreeders' Assn., 1903, pp. 77-79. (" Emphasizes the 
necessity for cooperation among the farmers." H. and H. bibliogr.) 

(1903b), The cattle-tick situation. Proc. Soc. Prom. Agr. Sci., 1903, pp. 72-74. 

(Notes are given on the life-history of the tick. H. and H. bibl.) 

(1905), The Texas Fever Cattle Tick Situation and the Eradication of the Tick 

by a Pasture Rotation System. Bull. Agric. Exper. Sta,, Louisiana State 
University and A. and M. College, s. 2, No. 82, 1 Fig., 15 pp. 

(I. 1905), Texas fever cattle tick : Pasture methods of eradication. B>iV . 

Agric. Exper. Sta., Univ. Tennessee, Knoxville, xvm. 10 pp., 3 Figs. [Letter 
from Mayer, A., p. 10.] 

(1. VI. 1906), Cattle tick extermination : Feed-lot and pasture rotation methods. 

Press Bull. 23, Agric. Exper. Sta,, Univ. Tennessee [n.p.], [4] pp., 8 Figs., 1 Map. 

see Dalrymple. 

Mosler, F., and Peiper, E. (1894), Thierische Parasiten, 1st ed., in Nothnagel's 
Specielle Pathol, u, Therapie, vi. 345 pp., 124 Figs., 8<>. Wien : Alfred Holder. 
(Pp. 320-322 brief mention of ticks, nothing original, including two figures. 
See note to 2nd ed.) 

(1904), Tierische Parasiten, 2nd ed., 376 pp., 162 Figs. Wien : Alfred Holder. 

(Brief reference to Ticks on pp. 344-346 ; one Fig. of Argas reflexu* after 
Pagenstecher ; contains nothing original except that a Fig. (No. 140) of Txodes 
ricinus after Kiichenmeister is described in the legend as Dermanymts gallinae ! 
This correct in the 1st ed., p. 320.) 

Mosquera, B. see Palacios. 

Mosso (14. I. 1899), Pouvoir anticoagulant de Y Ixodes ricinus. La Press>- Mtdwak , 

(4), (Soc. etrangeres), p. 20. Review in Rec. d. me'd. vet., ser. 8, vi. p. 181. 
Motas (read 27. XII. 1902), La piroplasmose ovine, "Carceag." Comptes Rendus 

Soc. de Biol., liv. 1522-1524 (1903). 

(25. IV. 1903), Sur le role des Tiques dans le developpement de la piroplasmose 

ovine (Carceag). 2nd note. C. R. Soc. Biologic, lv. 501-504. 

(1904), Contribution a l'etude de la Piroplasmose ovine (Carceag). Arhiva 

Veterinara, Bucharest, 7 Figs., 50 pp. repr. (Rhipicephalus bursa transmits 
Piroplasma ovis.) 

N. 1. 41 6 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea mot neu 

Motas (II. 1905), Transmission experimental do la Piroplasmose Bovine par '- 
Tiques. Arhiva Veterinary Bucharest, ir. 2 pp. (cutting). 

see Nocard. 

Moufetius, T. (1634), Insectorum sive minimorum animalium tkeatrum, pp. 20+328. 

with many tigs., London, fol. (De ricino et reduvio, pp. 271 ■!',:', ; i i ..u. 
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gefunden, und beschrieben. Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caesar. Leop.-Carol. 

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(Undeterminable species, possibly an Aponomma.) 
Miiller, P. W. J. (1817), Bemerkungen iiber einige Insekten ; (4) Ueber die 

Begattung und Fortpflanzung der Ixoden. Magazin der Entomologie, u. 

pp. 278-289. (Cited by Gene 1844; also in transl. of Gene" 1849, p. 6, also by 

Pagenstecher 1861, p. 8: refers to copulation in Ixodes.) 
Muriay, A. (1877), Economic Entomology ; Aptera, I. pp. iii.-xxiii., 3-433, with 

numerous text-figures. London: Chapman and Hall (South Kensington 

Museum Science Handbooks). (See Ixodoidea, pp. 180-204, 28 Figs., of which 

9 appear original (?) ; all poor however and mostly copied from C. L. Koch, 1847.) 

Negre, see Laveran. 

Nelson, J. C. (1897), Crude petroleum for ticks. [Letter to editor, dated May 20th.] 

Agri-. Journ., Cape Town, x. (12), June 10th, 697-698. 
Neumann, C. J. see Kramer. 
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domestiques, pp. 673, Figs. 306. Paris. 

(1892a), Traite' des maladies parasitaires non-microbiennes des animaux dorm 

tiques, 2. ed., pp. 767, Figs. 364. Paris. 

(1892b), A treatise on the parasites and parasitic diseases of the domesticated 

animals, pp. 800, Figs. 364. 

(1896), Revision de la famille des Ixodides. I. Argasines. Mem. Soc. Zool. 

de France, ix. pp. 1-44, Figs. 1-36. 

(1897), Revision de la famille des Ixodides. (2 e memoire.) Mem. Soc. Zool. 

de France, X. 324-420, Figs. 1-45. 

(1899 a), Revision de la famille des Ixodides. (3 e memoire.) Mem. Soc. Zool. 

de France, xn. 107-294, Figs. 1-63. 

(1899b), Anomalies d'lxodides. Arch, de Parasitol., Paris, n. 463-465, 

Figs. 1, 2. 

(1900), Notice sur la collection d'lxodidae de M. C. G. Schillings Weiherhof, 

Giirzenich bei Diiren), 4 pp., 8°, Toulouse. (Cited by Neumann, 1907, p. 16. 
Impossible to procure, Neumann himself does not possess a copy and a letter 
of mine to Schillings remains unanswered. Privately printed and all the copies 
sent to Schillings.) 

(1901), Revision de la famille des Ixodides. 4 e Memoire. Mem. Soc Zool. de 

France, xiv. 249-372, 18 Figs. 

(1902a), Notes sur les Ixodides, I. Arch, de Parasitol., vi. 109-128, 6 Text- 
Figs. 

(1902 b), Note sur une collection d'Ectoparasites recueillis en Abyssime par 

M. le Baron C. von Erlanger. Arch, de Parasitol, VI. 293, 294. (Of ticks 
there are listed species of Amblyomma, Haemaphysalis and Rhipicephedus. 

42 6—2 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidm neu 

Neumann, L. G. (1902c), Sur la transmission des maladies microbiennea pir lea 

Ixodides. Arch. me'd. de Toulouse, vm. 457 ; 481. 
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putus.) 
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2 Text-Figs. 
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(1905 a), A Treatise on the Parasites and Parasitic Diseases of the /domesticated 

Animals. Translated by G. Fleming. 2nd ed. revised and edited by J. 
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(X. 1906 Date of MS.), Note XVI. Ixodide uouveau de lAustralie .1 mblyomma 

albolimbatum, n.sp. Notes from the Leyden Museum, xxviii. 218-220, 1 Text- 
Fig, reprint. 

(1907), Notes sur les Ixodides, V. Arch, de Parasitologic, xi., pp. 215-232, 

Figs. 1-14. (4 n. spp. : Rltipicephalus (2), Margaropus, Argas.) 

(1907 a), Ixodidae. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Schivedischen Zoologischen 

Expedition nach dem Kilimandjaro, dem Merit, und den urngebenden Mussai- 
steppen Deutsch-Ostafrikxis 1905-1906 unter Leituug von Prof. Dr. Yngve 
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species.) 

(II. 1907), Description of two new species of African Ticks. Annals of Trop. 

Med. and Parasitol. (Univ. of Liverpool), I. 115-120, Figs. 22-25. 

(V. 1907), Note XI, Quatre nouvelles especes dTxodides. Notes from the 

Leyden Museum, xxix. 88-100, 7 Figs. 

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(III. 1908), Notes sur les Ixodides, VI. Arch. d. Parasitologic, xu. 1-27, 

16 Figs. 

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xxx. 73-91, Figs. 1-10. 

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nat., Paris, No. 7, pp. 352-356, Figs. 1-2 {Rhipicephalus sulcatus n.sp., $ $ ). 

(1908b), A new species of tick from the Transvaal. Am*. Transvaal Mus., 

I. 170-172, PI. VII, Figs. f-i. {Rhipicentor vicinus n.sp. = ^. nuttalli Cooper 
and Robinson.) * 

(1909), Le pou d'Orycteropiis afer et une nouvelle sous-espece $ Amblyomma, 

Jahrb. d. Nassau. Ver. f. Naturk. in Wiesbaden, Jahrg. 62, reprint 6 pp., 1 PI. 
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(1910), Sur quelques especes dTxodidae nouvelles ou insuihsaiument connues. 

Ann. d. Sci. nat. Zool., 9 ser., pp. 161-176, Figs. 1-12. 

43 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea neu nit 

Neumann, L. G. (viii. 1910), Sur troia types d'lxodinae de Kolenati appartenant 

an Museum d'Histoire Xaturelle de Paris. Bull. dv. Mia. cPhist. /"if., 1910, 

No. 4, p. 191. 
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No. 1), 218 pp., 301 Text-Figs. Paris : F. R. de Rudeval. (Ixodoidea: 151 L57, 

4 Figs.; none original.) 
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facilitating eradication of the Texas Fever Cattle Tick in Lincoln and Claiborne 
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and Seed Tick stages. A simple method of eradicating the Tick. State Crop 

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Rouge, La. 
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cattle tick in Lincoln and Claiborne parishes. State Crop Pest Commission of 

Louisiana, Circ. No. 21, 4 pp. reprint. 
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Potter, Gov't Printer. 
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Sta., n. s., vi., pp. 45-50 ; also Southern Planter, pp. 326, 327. (S. and S. bibl.) 

(1898b), A preliminary study of ticks. Bull. Xo. 86, Virginia Agric. Exp. 

Sta., n.s., vii., pp. 25-30, Pis. 4. (S. and S. bibl.) 

Nitsch (1818), Article "Acarina" in Ersch and Gruber's Encyclopaedic, s. 1, Vol. i. 
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Argas. Cit. Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 9.) 

44 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea noc nut 

Nocard, E. (10. X. 1901), Discussion following communication by Almy, q.v. 

(1902), Sur la frequence en France et but le diagnostic de la piroplasmoee 

canine. Bull, de la Soc. centr. de med. ve'te'r., p. 710 (rev. by Ch. Porcher in 
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Nocard and Almy (28. III. 1901), Une observation de piroplasmoee canine. 

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centr. de me'd. ve'te'r., n.s., T. XIX. pp. 192-195. 
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Zool. Anzeiger, xxviii. 478-485, 7 Text-Figs. 

(1906 a), Zur Anatomie und Histologic von Ixodes reduvius (concl.). Zool. 

Anzeiger, xxx. 118, 8 Figs. (This and the preceding paper are preliminary 
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(1906b), Ein eigenartiges Driisensystem bei Ixodes. Zool. Anzeiger, xxx. 484. 

(1908), Zur Anatomie und Histologic von Ixodes reduvius. Zool. Jahrb., 1908, 

pp. 637-672, 2 Text-Figs., 3 Plates. (Important.) 

(13. VII. 1909), Zur Spermatogenese von Ixodes redtivius. Zool. Anzeiger, 

xxxiv. 511-516, 10 Text-Figs. 

(5. X. 1909), Zur Ovogenese und Entwickelungsgeschichte von Ixodes 

reduvius. Zool. Anzeiger, xxx v. 30-35, 4 Text-Figs. 

(1909c), Zur Anatomie und Histologic von Ixodes reduvius, II. Zool. Jahrb., 

1909, pp. 449-464, PI. XXX. (Important.) 

Nordlinger (1855), Die kleinen Feinde der Landwirthschaft , p. 20. (Brief mention 

of ticks on grass, attack man and animals, notes branching intestine, ('it. 

Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 15.) 
Norgaard, V. A. (1897), Dipping cattle for destruction of ticks. \2th Ann. Rep. 

Bur. Animal Industry, U. S. Dep't Agric, 1895. AVashington, 1897. (Cit. 

Nuttall, 1899.) 

(1898), Cattle dipping, experimental and practical. U. S. Dep't Agricult., 

Yearbook, 1898, pp. 453-472. (Experiments, principally with saturated 
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Notter and Firth (1908), The Theory and Practice of Hygiene. 3rd ed., 993 pp. 
London : Churchill. (Pp. 606-609 deal briefly with ticks. Plate XIII, Text- 
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Nuttall, G. H. F. (1898), Neuere ' Untersuchungen liber Malaria, Texasfieber und 
Tsetsefliegenkrankheit. Hygienische Rundschau, vm. 1084-1103,1137. (Ticks 
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(1899), On the role of insects, arachnids and myriapods, as carriers in the 

spread of bacterial and parasitic diseases of man and animals. A critical and 
historical study. Johns Hopkins Hospital Reports, vm. 154 pages, 3 Plates. 

(1899), Die Rolle der Insekten, Arachniden und Myriapoden als Triiger bei der 

Verbreitung von durch Bakterien und thierische Parasiten verursachten 
Krankheiten des Menschen und der Thiere. Eine kritisch-historische Studie. 
Hygienische Rundschau, ix. 209-220, 275-289, 393-408, 503-520, 606-620 
(translation of the above). 

45 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea nut 

Nuttall, G. H. F. ^1900), Role des Insectes, des Ararhnides et des Myriapodes dans 
la transmission et la dissemination des maladies bacte'riennes et />arasitaire> de 
Vhomme et des animau.v. fitude critique et historique. Traduit de L'anglais 
par le Dr Levrier, Medecin de Ire Classe des Colonics. 161 pp. Bordeaux: 
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(1904), Canine Piroplasmosis, I. Journ. of Hygiene, iv. 219-257, PI. XII-X III, 

7 Charts. (Pp. 220 et seq. ticks in relation to piroplasmosis ; pp. 227 et seq. 
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(1905), Ticks and tick-transmitted diseases. (Paper read 9. xn. 1904.) Trans. 

Epidemiol. Soc, London, N.S., vol. xxiv., Session 1904-1905, pp. 12-32, 1 Map. 

(XII. 1907), Directions for the collection of blood-sucking Insects <i n <l other 

Arthropods concerned in disease transmission. Printed for the use of the 
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(VII. 1908), The Ixodoidea or Ticks. Joum. Roy. Inst. Publ. Health, XVI. 

385-403, 7 Figs., 1 Diagr. (original). Harben Lecture, I. 

(VIII. 1908), Spirochaetosis in Man and Animals. Joum. Roy. List. Pvbl. 

Health, xvi. 449-464. Harben Lecture, II. (Argasidae in relation to disease.) 

(IX. 1908), Piroplasmosis. Harben Lecture, III. Journ. Roy. Inst. Pvbl. 

Health, xvi. 513-526. (Ticks mentioned which transmit the disease.) 

(XII. 1910), New species of Ticks {Ixodes, Amblyomma, Rhipiceph<>/»< . 

Parasitology, ill. 408-416, 7 Figs. 

(28. II. 1911), The adaptation of ticks to the habits of their hosts. (Abstract 

of following paper ; read before the Cambridge Phil. Soc.) Cambr. Univ. 
Reporter, xli. 681 ; also Proc. Cambr. Philos. Soc, xvi. 189-190. 

(31. III. 1911), On the adaptation of Ixodoidea to the habits of their hosts. 

Paratitology, iv. 46-67, 26 Text-Figs. 

Nuttall, G. H. F., Cooper, W. F., and Robinson, L. E. (vi. 1908), The structure 
and biology of Haemaphysalis punctata, Can. and Fan. Parasitology. I. 152- 
181, Plates XII-XVI, 9 Text-Figs. 

(X. 1908), On the structure of "Haller's Organ" in the Ixodoidea. Parasitology, 

I. 238-242, PI. XVIII, 1 Text-Fig. 

(XII. 1908), On the structure of the spiracles of a Tick— Haemaphysalis 

punctata Canestrini and Fanzago. (2 Plates.) Parasitology, I. 347-351. 

Nuttall, G. H. F., Cooper, W. F., and Smedley, R. D. (1905), The buccal apparatus 
of a Tick {Haemaphysalis punctata C. and F.). Repr. 2 pp. British Assoc, 
Adv. Sci., Meeting held in S. Africa. 

Nuttall, G. H. F., and Graham-Smith, G. S. (VII. 1905), Canine Piroplasmosis, 

II. Joum. of Hygiene, v. 237-249 (Plate IX) [followed by Graham-Smith, 
Canine Piroplasmosis, III., Morbid Anatomy (2 Charts and 2 Plates) ; "Wright, 
Canine Piroplasmosis, IV., On certain changes in the blood]. 

(1906), Canine Piroplasmosis, V. Journ. of Hygiene, vi. 586-651, Plates 

XI-XIII, 23 Text-Figs. 

(1907), Canine Piroplasmosis, VI. Joum. of Hygiene, vn. 232-272, Plates 

I— III, 14 diagrams. 

(VI. 1908), The mode of multiplication of Piroplasma bovis and /'. pithed in 

the circulating blood compared with that of P. canis with notes on other 

46 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea nut oud 

species of Piroplasma. (Plate XI, and Diagrams I-IV.) Parasitology, i. 
134-142. 
Nuttall, G. H. F., and Graham -Smith, G. S. (X. 1908,, Notes on the Drug 
Treatment of Canine Piroplasmosis. Parasitology, i. 220 220. 

(X. 1908), The development of Piroplasma canis in culture. Plate XIX, 

1 Text-Fig.) Parasitology, I. 243-260. 

(IX. 1909), Theileria parva: attempts at cultivation. Parasitology, n. 

208-210. 

(IX. 1909), Note on attempts to infect the fox and jackal with Piroplasma 

canis. Parasitology, II. 211-214. 

(IX. 1909), Note on immunity in canine piroplasmosis. Parasitology, n. 

215-228. 

Nuttall, G. H. F., and Hadwen, S. (VII. 1909), The successful drug treatment of 
canine piroplasmosis together with observations upon the effect of drugs <>n 
Piroplasma cam's. Parasitology, n. 156-191, 1 Text-Fig. 

(IX. 1909), Further experiments upon the drug treatment of canine piroplas- 
mosis. Parasitology, II. 229-23"). 

(IX. 1909), The drug treatment of piroplasmosis in cattle. Parasitology, n. 

236-266, 7 Charts. 

Nuttall, G. H. F., and Merriman, G. (1911), The process of copulation in 

Ornithodorus moubata. Parasitology, iv. 39-45, 1 Text-Fig. 
Nuttall, G. H. F., and Strickland, C. (23. XL 1908), The presence of anticoagulin 

in the salivary glands and intestine of Argas persicus. Parasitology, i. 

302-310. 
Nuttall, G. H. F., and Warburton, C. (read 28. xn. 1907, printed 1908), On a 

new genus of Ixodoidea together with a description of eleven new species <>f 

ticks. Proc. Cambr. Philos. Soc. xiv. 392-416, 45 Text-Figs, (genus Rhipicenwr 

founded etc.). 
Nuttall, G. H. F., Warburton, C, Cooper, W. F., and Robinson, L. E. (X. 1908), 

Ticks. A Monograph of the Ixodoidea. Parti. The Argasidae. 104 pp. +36 pp. 

(Bibliography). 3 Plates, 116 Text-Figures. 
Nuttall, G. H. F. see Warburton. 

Oken (1818), Sogenannte giftige Wanze in Persien. Isis, 1818, pp. 1567-1570, 
PL XIX, Figs. 1-4. 

(1835), Allgemeine Naturgeschichte, v. 662. (Brief reference to Ixodes and A rgas. 

Cit. Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 11:) 

Osborn, H. (1893), Methods of attacking parasites of domestic animals. Insect Life, 
Washington, vi. 163-166. (Measures against ticks on cattle; discussion.) 

(1896), Insects affecting domestic animals: an account of the species of 

importance in North America, with mention of related forms occurring in other 
animals. U. S. Dep't of Agricv.lt., Division of Entomol., Bulletin No. 5, N.S. 
(Washington, D.C.), 302 pp., 5 Plates, 170 Figs. 

(1899), Fur Seals and Fur Seal Islands of the North Pacific Ocean, ill. 553. 

(Cited by Banks, 1908, p. 53, re I. arcticus Banks.) 

Oudemans, A. C. (1. III. 1905), Amblyomma scaevola now sp. Entomol. Berichten, 
No. 22, p. 216. 

47 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea oud pal 

Oudemans, A. C. (1906), Amhlyomma scaevohi Oudms. in Resultais de V Expedition 

Scientifique Neerlandaise a la Nouvelle-Guinee en 1903, sous let auspices •/■ 
A. Wichmann, Vol. v., Zoologie, Livr. I. pp. 130-131. 

Packard, A. S. (1869), List of hymenopterous and lepidopterous insects collected 
by the Smithsonian expedition to South America, under Prof. James Orton ; 
appendix to report on Articulates, Ann. Rcpt. Peabody Academy of Science, 
pp. 1-14. (Contains descriptions of following species of American forme 

Ixodes perpunctatus, unipunctata ( = Amhlyomma americanum), li>p<>ris-p< 
{Hacmaphysalis), chordeilis, bovis ( = Boophilus annulatus), bibronii, ,>'/;,<,,,,,,.<;.< 
(S. A.), albipictus (N. A.), nigrolineatus, cookei. (II. and H. bibl.) 

(1869 a), Report of the curator of Articulata. First Ann. Report Trustees 

Peabody Acad, of Sci., Jan., pp. 52-69. (S. and S. bibl.) 

(1869b), Guide to the study of insects, and a treatise of those injurious and 

beneficial to crops : for the use of colleges, farm schools, and agriculturists, 
pp. vii + 702, Pis. XI, woodcuts 650, 8°, Salem. (S. and S. bibl.) 

(1872), "Arachnida" in U. S. Geological Survey of the Territories, etc., 

p. 740, Fig. 68. {Argas americanus : description reprinted by Osborn, 1896, 
p. 256.) 

(1873), Descriptions of new insects. Arachnida. Sixth Ann. Rept. U. S. 

Geolog. Survey of the .Territories for 1872 (Hayden), pp. 740-741, Figs. 
65-68. 

(1876), Guide to the study of insects and a treatise on those injurious and 

beneficial to crops etc., 5th ed. New York: H. Holt and Co. 715 pp., 15 PL, 
672 Figs. (Ticks : pp. 661-663 ; Fig. 638 (poor) of /. albipictus Packard ; 
PL XIII, Fig. 11 of /. unipunctata Packard.) 

(1893), Note on A. americanus. Insect Life, v. 267, 348. 

(1895), Note on the chicken tick {Argas americanus Pack.). Insect Life, VII. 

417, 418. 

Pagenstecher, H. A. (1857), Verhandl. Ver. Heidelberg, i., p. 46. (Cited by author 
in Zeitschr. f. wiss. Zool., XI. 119.) 

(1861), Beitrage zur Anatomic der Milben, Heft 2, Ixodes ricinus. Leipzig : 

W. Engelmann, 45 pp., 2 Pis., 35x27 cm. (Important. On pp. 2 et seq. the 
author gives extracts from classical literature relating to the earliest mention 
of ticks : we cite some of these in this bibliography ; pp. 16 et seq. relate to 
detailed account of the structure and biology of /. ricinus (illustrated by 
plates); pp. 39 et seq. contain description of /. vulpis, I. ornithorhynchi, 
I. sturni, I. lacertae, I. ameivae.) 

(1861 a), Zur Kenntniss des Ixodes ricinus. Briefliche Mittheilungen an Hern) 

Prof, von Siebold. Zeitschr. f. vjiss. Zoologie, XL 162-163. 

(1861b), [Argas rejlexus.] Virchoiv's Arch., xix. p. 457. (Cited by Pagenstecher, 

1862.) 

(1861c), Zur Anatomie von Argas rejlexus. Zeitschr. f. wiss. Zoologie, xi. 142- 

155, PL XVI. Figs. 1-13. 

(1861 d), Ueber Argas rejlexus. Heidlb. Jahrb. d. Literatur, liv. 568-569. 

Palacios, G. D., and Mosquera, B. (1905), Tripanosomiasis y fiebre de Tejas. 

Laboratorio del Hospital Vargas (Caracas), Boletin No. 2, pp. 43-50. 

48 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea 



PAL PLA 



Pallas, P. S. (71766), Spicilegia Zoologica, faao. i.\., p. 41, PL IIF, Pig. 10. (Paeen- 
.stecher, 1861, p. 6, states that this work was puhlished before 17G7 ; Neumann 
gives the date at 1775, citing the author in relation t., Amblyomma ' 
a ureolatum (Pallas).) 

(1777), Naturgeschichte merkwiirdiger Thiere. Part 2, pp. G7 et Beq. Transla- 
tion of foregoing by Baldinger ; cited by Pagenstecher, L861, p. 6, who i\ 
that the author's three species : Acarus ncinus, ,-<■< In, was and cardincUis are one 
and the same species. A. grossus is also described. The descriptions t,,., 
vague to be of any use.) 

Panzer, Gr. W. F. (1795), Faunae Insectorum Germanicae Initio,. 'Fasc. •">:>, n. 23 
Amrus frontalis Panzer; fasc. 90, n. 22, Acarus phunheus Panzer. Cited by 
C. L. Koch, 1844, p. 234.) 

Patton, W. S. (9. IV. 1910), Preliminary Report on a new Piroplasrn (Piropktsma 
gibsoni sp. nov.) fonnd in the blood of Hounds of the Madias Hunt an I 
subsequently discovered in the blood of the jackal (Canis aureus). Butt. Soi 
Pathol. Exotique, Paris, in. 274-280. {Haemaphysalis bispinosa and Rhipiee- 
phalus sp. found on jackal.) 

Pavesi, P. (1884), Aracnidi del regno di Scioa. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia 
Naturale di Genova, xx. 102. (Cit. Neumann.) 

— — (1884), Materiali per lo studio della fauna tuuisina. II. Aracnidi. Annali del 
Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, xx. pp. 483-485. 

Peiper, E. see Mosler. 

Peju, G. see Raj at. 

Perroncito, E. (1882), / Parassiti dell' uomo e degli animali utili, p. 459. (See next 
title.) 

(1901), / Parassiti dell' uomo e degli animali utili e le pin comuni malattie <l<- 

essi prodotte. Projllassi e cura relativa, pp. 276, Text-Figs., 25 Plates. Milano : 
F. Vallardi. (Pp. 561-568 relate to ticks, 2 Figs., one after Gurlt, the other verj 
similar to Blanchard's of A. persicus.) 

Perrucci, P. (1907), Osservazioni sulla malaria equina (piroplasmosi). Clin, ret., 
Milano, sez. scient. bimest., xxx. 159-185, Pis. I— II. (Inaccessible.) 

Petronius (about A.D. 60), Petronii Arbitri fragmentum Tragurii repert. ed. 16<;::. 
(Latin citation in Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 3, which we translate freely: p. 40 
"you see a louse on someone else, but can't see a tick (riciuum) on yourself.") 

Pickard-Cambridge, 0. (1878), An account of the Collections made in Kerguelen 
Land during the Transit of Venus Expedition (1874-1875). Zoology : Arachnida. 
In Philos. Trans. Rot/. Soc, London, clxviii. 222, PI. XIII, Fig. 4. (Ixodes 
putus, nymph, described as Hyalomma puta.) 

(1889), On a new species of Haemaphysalis C. L. Koch, imported into England 

by Syrrhaptes paradoxus. Ann. and Mag. of Nat. Hist., London, III., 6th Ser., 
p. 406, 2 Text-Figs. (Haemaphysalis peregrinus, badly described, types lost, 
undeterminable.) 

Planchon, L. (1895), Observations sur la resistance vitale de VArgas reflexut Latr. 

Feuille des Jeun. Naturalist., (3) XXVI. 29. (Cit. Huber, biH., 1899, p. 1">: 

inaccessible.) 
Plateau, F. (1876), Note sur les phenomenes de la digestion et sur la structure de 

l'appareil digestive chez les Phalangides. Bull. Acad. Roy. d. Sci. Belgiqne, 

N. i. 49 7 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea ple por 

2 s., xlii. 719-754, PL, Figs. 1-29. (Bears indirectly upon the same subject 
in ticks.) 
Plehn, A. (1902), Tropenhygiene. (Cited by Werner, 1900, p. 779, as stating thai 
the natives of German E. Africa have long referred fever to bites of " papasi 

(Suaheli for tick).) 

Pliny (A.D. 77), Historia naturalis, ed. Sillig, L858, Vol. n., HI». xi. 116. (Latin 
citations from the original in Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 3, which we translate as 
follows : p. 282 "there is an animal (occurring) at the same season (summer 1 , 

living on blood, with its head always fixed, and swelling; (being)- 1' the 

animals which has no (anus) exit for its food, it hursts with over repletion and 
dies from its actual nourishment. This (animal) never occurs on mules, fit 
frequent on cattle, (it occurs) sometimes on dogs, on which ;ill kinds of lice 
are found ; on sheep and goats the one only (is found)." In Vol. iv. xxviii. 2.")';, 
p. 239 : "if a woman's loins are smeared with the blood of a tick taken from ■> 
black wild bull, Osthunes says she cares no more for sexual intercourse.") 

/bid., xxx. 82, p. 404, seers attach much importance to this "most disgusting 
animal, since it has no exit to its gut nor is there any limit to its capacity for 
living long without food." The gorged tick bursts after some days through 
satiety; "when tied to the left ear of a dog they calm all its pains. They use 
it in auguries from the vitals, for if the sick man gives an answer to the seer 
who has brought it, asking about his disease, there is a certain hope of life," etc. 
Ibid., xxx. 106, p. 410 : "the blood of a tick heals erysipelas." Ibid., xxx. 13-4, 
p. 419 : "The blood of a healthy pulled-out tick is said to act as a depilatory." 

Pocock, R. I. (23. I. 1900), On a collection of insects and arachnids made in 1895 
and 1897, by Mr C. V. A. Peel, F.Z.S., in Somaliland, with descriptions of now 
species. 9. Chilopoda and Arachnida. Proceedings Zool. Soc. of London, 1900, 
Text, pp. 49-51 (relate to ticks), PI. Ill, Figs. \-\d, 2-2 f. 

(1900), Rare English ticks. Zoologist, 4 s., iv. 326-327. [Dermacentor 

reticulatus on sheep and hogs, Haemaphysalis punctata <>n hedgehnj . 
Hyalomma affine (accidental).] 

(1901), (Description of Boophilus annulatus, with coloured plate, being 

"Appendix C" included by Sambon, L. W. and Low, G. C. (1901) in their 
paper entitled "The Mosquito-Malaria Theory"). Med. Chir. Trans., i.xxxiv. 
497-552. (The plate includes somewhat sketchy but well-coloured figures 
of $ and larva of B. annulatus; the eyes omitted.) 

(1903). See Christy, 1903, p. 188. 

— — (1907), Article "Ticks," in A System of Medicine by many Authors, edited by 

Allbutt and Rolleston (London : Macmillan), vol. II. Part n., pp. 187-203. 

(Partial Bibliography, contains numerous inaccuracies.) 
Pohl and Kollar (1823), Brasiliens vorziiglich Ifistige Insecten. Wien. (Argasidae: 

title cit. in Huber, bibl., 1899, p. 14 ; inaccessible.) 
Poppig (before 1855), Illustrirte Naturgeschichte, iv. -"'3. Fig. 2845. Cited by 

Kiichenmeister, 1855, p. 422, as giving a good figure of the mouthparts of the 

" Egyptian tick.") 
Porter (1821), Travels. (Die giftigen Wanzen in Persien. Froriep. .\'<>t. i. No. 12 : 

cited thus in Huber, bibl., 1899, p. 16, as referring to A. persicus. 

50 7-2 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea pou ran 

Pound, C J. (12. II. 1895), Redwater disease in cattle in the Oulf District Progress 

Report), 20 pp. Brisbane, Queensland : E. Gregory, Gov't Printer. 

(1895), Red water disease in eattle. Veterinarian, London, xi.i. (n. 8. 

389-395, 443-454. 

(1895-6), (Piroplasmosis in eattle in Australia). U. S. Dep't of Agric., Bureau 

of Animal Industry, 12th andYMh Annual Reports. (Pp. 86-95; full abstracts of 
Pound's report are here quoted by Salmon. Biology of BoophUus also dealt 
with.) 

(30. IX. 1897), Ticks and Redwater. Agric. Journ., Cape Town, xi. 364. 

(1. IX. 1897), Tick fever. Queensland Agric. Journ., i. 258, 2 Figs. 

(1898), Tick fever in cattle. Journ. Quekett Microscop. Club, vn. 118-119. 

[Inoculation ; local names in Queensland.] 

(1899), Notes on the cattle tick. Its developement, life-history, habits and 

geographical distribution. Proc. R. Soo. (Queensland, XIV. 28-38. [Roop/tilus : 
bionomics.] 

(VII. 1899), Tick Fever. Observations on ticks and tick fever at the 

Indooroopilly Experiment Station and at St Helena. Queensland Agricult. 

Journ., v. 81-86, Pis. CXX-CXXI. Reprint, 6 pp. 

(1900), Tick fever in cattle. Amer. microscop. Journ., xxi. 123-127. 

Pound, G. 0., and Hunt (1895), See article "Texas Fever in Australia," in \2th 

Annual Report, Bureau of Animal Industry, U. S. Dep't of Agricult., pp. 85-95. 

Washington, 1897. (Cit. Nuttall, 1899.) 
Price T. M. (1905), The preparation of emulsions of crude petroleum. U. 8. Dep't 

Agric, Bur. Animal Industry, Circ. No. 89, 4 pp. (Cattle spraying.) 
Purvis, C (1901-2), Some South Africa^ animal diseases. Proc. Scottish Mia osc. 

Soc. in. 284-293, PI. XX, reprint. (Brief mention of some tick-transmitted 

diseases; semipopular address.) 

Railliet, A. (1886), Elements de zoologie medicale et agricole, pp. xv + 1053, Figs. 705, 

8°. Paris. 

(1893), Traitede zoologie me'dicale et agricole, fasc. 1, pp. 736, Figs. 494. 

(1895), TraiU de zoologie medicale et agricole, 2nd ed. Paris : Asseliu et 

Houzeau. (Ticks: pp. 703-718, Figs. 478-488.) 
Rainbow, W. J. (1896), Redwater or Cattle Tick Plague in Queensland. Veter. 

Journ., 1896, p. 75. 
(1899), The Queensland cattle tick. Rec. Austral. Mus., Sydney, in. 

131-133. 
(1904), A new bat tick. Rec. Austral. Mus., Sydney, v. 78-79, PI. IX, Figs. 

1-14. 
Rajat, H., and Peju, G. (1906), Piroplasmes et piroplasmoses. Journ. de med. veil. 

et zootech., Lyon, lvii. 619-629, Figs. 1-4. 
Rangel, R. (1905), Note preliminar sobre la peste boba y la desrengadera de los 

equideos de los Llanos de Venezuela (Tripanosomiasis). Laboratorio del 

Hospital Vargas (Caracas). Boletin No. 2, pp. 11-39, 2 Col. PI. 
Ransom, B. H. (1905), How parasites are transmitted. Yearbook of the Dep't of 

Agric. Washington, D.C. (appeared 1906), pp. 139-166, Figs. 9-58. (P. 145 and 

Figs. 14-16 refer briefly to ticks. Nothing original.) 

51 



Bibliography oj the Ixodoidea ran ric 

Ransom, B. H. \?o. vm. 1906), Some unusual host relations of the Texas Fever lick. 

U. S. Dep't Agricult., Bur. Anim. Industry, Circular No. 98, 8 pp. reprint. 
Raspail, F. V. (1839), Rech. d'hist. nat. sur les insectes morbipares. Oaz. det 

hdpitaux (2), i. p. 9. (Cited by Terrenzi, 1893, pp. 73-76, and Braun, 1M!("., 

p. 258, in connection with Argas rejiexus.) 
Ray, J. (1710), Historia insectorum, pp. xv+375 ; appendix, pp. 377 400, Loudon. 
Raymondaud, E. (1885), Un chapitre a ajouter a L'histoire pathologique de* 

affections parasitaires. Esquisse monographique du genre Ixode, considered 
dans ses rapports avec la pathologic Joum. Soc. de med. et pharm. de l<> 
Haute- Vie/me, Limoges, 1884, vm. 129; 161. (Also): C'.-R. Congr. period, 
intemat. d. sc. mM. (1884), Copenh., (1886), I., sect. d. path, gen., etc., 1* 64. 
Also Programme detinitif du Congres de Copenhague, p. 9. 

"R. E." (1874), Argas reflexus. Science Gossip, 1874, p. 161. 

Reaney, M. F. (V. 1907), Spirillosis in domestic fowls. Brit. Med. Joum., i. 1118. 
(Only a note.) 

(XI. 1907), Fowl spirillosis. hid. Med. Oaz., xlii. 401, 402. (2 Figs., bad.) 

Reclus, A. (1880), Explorations aux isthmes de Panama et de Darien, en 1876, 

1877, 1878. Le Tour du Monde, 1880, xxxix. 396-398. (Cit. Nuttall, 1899, 

p. 48.) 
Reclus and Duplay (1890), Traite de chir., i., p. 323. ("Rigabert a constate la 

transmission du charbon chez une fern me par un Ixode.^ Citation in Huber, 

bibl., 1910, p. 24.) 
Redding, R. J. (1889), Cattle ticks and Texas fever. Georgia Agr. Exp. St<i., Bull. 

49, pp. 228-229. (H. and H. bibl.) 
Redi, Francesco (1730), Esperienze intorno alia generazione degV iasetti, ed. Acad. 

Milan, 1819, op. in., p. 180, PL II. (A passage quoted by Pagenstecher, 1861, 

p. 4, reads : "Nello stesso modo e disegnata la zecca del capriolo e della tigre," 

the tick of the lion is larger than that of the tiger and is distinguished by its 

colour.) 
Report (1896), Of the Intercolonial Stock Conference, held in Sydney, X. S. Wales, 

Aug. 1896. 10 pp. Sydney : Chas. Potter, Gov't Printer. 
Rey, E. (1867), Zeitschr.f. d. ges. jYaturwiss.,xs.i.x. 192. [Ixodes sulcat us Koch, 1844, 

found on Sitta europaea ; abstract of paper read before Naturw. Ver. Sachs, u. 

Thiiring., Halle.] 

(1892), [Regarding "Ixodisme" in man]. Note read before the Soc. Acad, de 

Toxdon, and published in Bulletin de la Soc. francaise cF Hygiene. (Largely 
reprinted by Megnin, x. 1895.) 

Ribaga, C. (1903), Diagnosi di alcune specie nuove di Hydraehnidae e di un 

Ixodidae del Sud America. Ann. d. R. Scuola di Agric. in Porti<i, v. reprint. 

28 pp., PI. I-II. (P. 25, Amblyomma neumanni Ribaga, also PI. II, Figs. 56, 

58, 59.) 
RickettS, H. T. (7. VII. 1906), The Study of "Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever" 

(Tick Fever?) by Means of Animal Inoculations : A Preliminary Communication. 

Joum. Amer. Med. Ass., Chicago, lvh. 33-36. 

(4. VIII. 1906), The Transmission of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever by the 

Bite of the Wood Tick {Derrnacentor occidental is). Ibid., lvii. 358. 

52 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea ric ril 

Ricketts, H. T. (6. X. 1906), Further Observations on Rocky Mountain Spotted 
Fever and Dermacentor occidentalis. Journ. Amer. .1/.-/. Assoc, Chicago, i.vii. 
1067-1069. 

(1907), Further experiments with the wood-tick in relation to Rocky Mountain 

spotted fever. Ibid., xlix. 1278-1281. 

(1. I. 1907), Observations on the Virus and means of Transmission of Rocky 

Mountain Spotted Fever. Journ. Infect. Dis., IV. 141 153. (P. 142, Derma 
centor occidentalis, a 3-host tick; p. 151, the <£ and 9 both transmit tin- 
disease.) 

(6. VII. 1907), The role of the Wood Tick {DermacerUor occidentalis) in Rocky 

Mountain Spotted Fever, and the susceptibility of Local Animals to this 
Disease. A Preliminary Report. Journ. Anier. Med. Ass., ux. 24-27. 

(1. XII. 1907), A summary of investigations of the nature and means of 

transmission of Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Trans. Chicago Path. Soc, vii., 
pp. 73-82 (read 14. x. 1907). 

1908 a), Spotted fever report No. 1. General report of an investigation of 

Rocky Mountain spotted fever, carried on during 1906 and 1907. Rep. State 
Bd. Health Montana, Helena, 87-130. 

(1908 b), Spotted fever report No. 2. A report of investigations carried on 

during the winter of 1907-1908 and spring and summer of 1908. Rep. State 
Bd. Health Montana, Helena, 131-190. 

(30. I. 1909), A microorganism which apparently has a specific relationship to 

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. Journ. Am. Med. Assoc, lii. 379-380. 
(Bacillus-like bodies, similar to B. influenzae, found in Dermacentor eggs laid by 
infected tick. Similar bodies in salivary glands, gut and ovaries of infected J tick ; 
absent in normal adult ticks. The bodies agglutinated by an immune serum.) 

(20. XI. 1909), Some aspects of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever as shown by 

recent Investigation. Med. Record, New York, lxxvi. 843-855. 

Ricketts, H. T., and Gomez, L. (30. ill. 1908), Studies on Immunity in Rocky 

Mountain Fever. Journ. Infect. Diseases, v. 221-244. 
Riley, C. V. (1869), Remarks on the Ixodes bovis. Reports on the diseases of cattle 

in the United States, made to the Commissioner of Agriculture, Washington 

p. 168. (S. and S. bibl.) 

(1870), Seed ticks under bark of apple trees. American Entomol., n. 160. 

(S. and S. bibl.) 

(1887), Poisonous Insects. Reference Handb. Med. Sci., v. 741-760, Figs. 

2971-3020. (S. and S. bibl.) 

(1888), An enumeration of the published synopses, catalogues, and lists of 

North American Insects, together with other information intended to assist 
the student of American Entomology. U. S. Dep't of Agriculture. Divisio/t of 
Entomology. Bulletin No. 19 (Washington, D.C.), pp. 77. 

(1893), Report on a small collection of insects made during the Death Valley 

Expedition. U. S. Dep't Agric, Biol. Sun-., A. A. Fauna, No. 7, Part II, 
p. 252. (Lists seven species of Ixodidae — determined by DrMarx. Cit. H. and 
H. bibl.) 

see Walsh. 



53 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea ril roh 

Riley, C V., and Howard, L. 0. (1889, The Texas cattle-tick. [Reply to a letter 
dated June 17th, from M. Francis, June :24th.] Insect Life, Washington, n. 
p. 20. 

(1893), The cattle tick affecting horses. Insert Life, Washington, v. p. 267. 

(IV. 1895), A new chicken plague in Texas, and the cattle tick affecting horsea 

Insect Life, v. 267, 348. (Further abstracts of papers on ticks in general 
(unimportant), Ibid., VI. 58, 165.) 

(1899), The Texas cattle tick. Insect Life, II. 20. 

Risso, A. (1826), Histoire naturelle des principales productions de V Europe meridionale 

et principalement de celles des environs de Nice et des A(j»-s Maritime*, vol. v. 

viii + 402, Pis. I-V, Paris. (S. aud S. bibl.) 
Rivolta and Delprato (1880;, Ornithojatria, p. 314. (A. reflexus, cit. Huber, bibl., 

1899, p. 16.) 
Robert, J. C. (1897), Acclimation fever, or Texas fever. Miss. Agric. Exp. Sta., 

Bull. 42, pp. 32, Figs. 4. (H. and H. bibl.) 

(1901), Texas fever. Miss. Agr. Exp. Sta., Bull. 69, pp. 1-15, Figs. 4. (H. 

and H. bibl.) 

(1902), Tick fever or murrain in Southern cattle (commonly termed Texas 

fever). Miss. Agr. Exp. Sta., Bull. 73, pp. 1-24, Figs. 2. (H. and H. bibl.) 

Roberts, L. J. (1899), Ticks and their destruction. Agric. Journ., Cape Town, xiv. 

369-375. 
Robertson, F. H. (1905), Fowl tick experiments. Journ. Dep't Agric. West A ustralia, 

xii. 561-563. (H. and H, bibl.) 

(1909), The tick pest. Journ. Dep't Agric. West Australia, xvm. 368-371, 

3 Figs. 

Robertson, W. (1901), Malignant Jaundice in the dog. Journ. Comp. Path, and 
Therap., Edinburgh and London, xiv. 327-336, Figs. 1-5. (Pp. 332-336, 
experiments with Haemaphysalis leachi.) 

(5. VI. 1902), Malignant Jaundice of the Uog. Agric. Journ., Cape Town, 

xx. 675-685. 

(1904 a), African Coast Fever. Ibid., xxv. 262-268, 1 Plate, 15 Figs. 

(Rhipicephalus appendiculatus). 

(1904 b), Sulphur internally as a preventive against the attacks of ticks. 

Agric. Journ., Cape Town, xxv. 588-590, Figs. 1-3. 

see Gray. 

Robinson, L. E., see Cooper, W. F., see Nuttall. 

Roger, J. (1906 a), Note sur une piroplasmose equine observce en Algerie. Bull. 

Soc. centr. de med. vet., Paris, lx. 120-124. (Ticks found on horses, regarded as 

probable carriers.) 

(1906 b), Sur l'existence de la piroplasmose equine en Algerie. Dull. Soc. 

centr. de med. vet., Paris, lx. 379-380. (Short abstract, same as preceding.) 

Rogers, B. A. (1892), Texas fever and ticks. DanieVs Texas Med. Journ., Austin. 

vii. 357-360. 
Rohr, C. J. (1909), Estudos sobre Ixudidas do Brasil. (Trabalho do Instituto 

Oswaldo Cruz). Rio de Janeiro : Gomes, Irmao & C, Rua Assemblea 32. 

220 pp., 5 Plates (photographs), 30 Text-Figures (mostly original). 

54 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea rol sal 

Rollinat, R., and Trouessart, E. (1897), Sur la reproduction <l<\s chauves-souris. 

II. Les Rhinolophes et Note sur leur parasites epizolques. Mi'm. de la Soc. 

Zool. de France, x. 114-138. (See re Ixodidae, pp. 136, 137.) 
Roncisvalle, D. M. (1891), Sui fenomeni morbosi prodotti nell'uomo da un ixodide 

denominate Hyaiomma aegyptium, L. Nota preliminare. Boll. mens. Accad. 

Gioenia disc. not. in Catania, n. s. (17), 2-4. 
- (1899), Intorno agli effetti morbosi dogli Ixodidi sull' uomo. Atti dell' Ami,/. 

Gioenia di Sc. Nat. in Catania, lxxvi. (Cited by Perroncito (1901, p. ">f!-Jj 

re ticks attacking man. Also cit. in Entomol. News, Philadelphia, xi. p. 506.) 
Rosenhauer, W. G. (1856), Thiere Andalusiens, pp. 412-413. (Misquoted l>y 

Neumann as by C. L. Koch.) 
Ross, P. H , and Milne, A. D. (26. XI. 1904), Tick Fever. Brit. Med. Journ., n. 

1453-1454. (Discovery of Spirochaetae in relapsing fever in Uganda by 

Drs Ross and Hodges ; all of the patients attributed the disease to tick bites. 

Ticks collected by Milne in camps where cases occurred, were determined as 

0. moubata.) 
Rudow, F. (1870), Einige neue Ixoden. Zeitschr.f. d. ges. Naturwiss., xxxv. 14. 
Ruthe, see Troschel. 



Sahbatani, L. (1898), Fermento anticoagulante dell' Ixodes ricinus. Gior. d. r. 

Accad. di med. di Torino, 4 s., iv. 380-395. (Also, transl. (same title). Arch. 

ital. de biol., Turin, 1899, xxxi. 37-53.) 
Saenz de la Calada, C. (1904), Piroplasmosis del caballo. Gac. de med. zool., 

Madrid, 4 epoca, xxvin. 19-25. (Inaccessible.) 
Salimbeni, A. see Marchoux. 
Salle, A. (1845), {Argus talaje]. Mag. de zool., Paris, 2 s., vu. 2 pp. 

(1849), Rev. Mag. Zool., p. 342. (Description of sufferings from Argas (Orni- 

thodorus) talaje, translated in Murray, A., 1877, pp. 183, 184.) 

Salles (1902), La tique et le porrigo on dartre ulcereuse du bceuf. Progres vet. (10), 
p. 193. (Ixodes reticulatus.) 

Salmon, D. E. (1884), Geographical distribution of Southern cattle fever. In 
Report of the Chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry. U. S. Comm. Aqr., 
Report, 1884, pp. 252-258, Pis. 3. (Discusses occurrence of fever in Va., N. C, 
S. C, Ga., Tenn. Maps show limits east but not west of Mississippi river. 
Cit. Hunter and Hooker, 1907, p. 68.) 

(1895-6), Texas Fever in Australia and the United States. U. S. Dep't of 

Agric., \±th and \Wi Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry. 
(Pp. 86-95 ; contains full extracts from Pound's report on the subject. See also 
pp. 109, 318 regarding Texas Fever, dipping cattle and Boophilus in the United 
States.) 

(1900), Experiments to determine the cause and dissemination of Texas fever. 

American microscop. Journ., xxr. 199-203. [Hatching of eggs of Boophilus 
annulatus of first importance.] 

(1904), Relations of Federal Government to control of contagious disease of 

animals. U. 8. Dep't Agric, Yearbook, 1903, pp. 491-506 ; pp. 505 et seq. 
(Boophilus anntdatus.) 

55 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea sal say 

Salmon, D. E., and Smith, T. ^1892), Southern cattle fever (Texas fever). U. S. 
Dep't Agric, Bur. Animal Industry, special report on diseases of cattle and cattle 
feeding, pp. 428-438, Pis. 42-44. (H. and H. bibl.) 

Texas fever, or Southern cattle fever. U.S. Dep't Agric. f Bar. Animal Industry, 

Circ. 69, pp. 1-13. (Reprint from special report on diseases of cattle, revised, 
1904, by Salmon aud M older. Cit. Hunter and Hooker, 1907.) 

Salmon, D. E., and Stiles, C. W. (1901), The cattle ticks (Ixodoidea) of the United 
States. 17th Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry, U. S. Dep't of 
Agric., Washington, pp. 380-488, Figs. 42-257. (Bibliography.) 

Sambon. L. W. (1900), Ticks and Tick Fevers. Journ. of Tropical Med., n. 217- 223. 

(1907, also 1909), The spotted fever of the Rocky Mountains. Allbutfs Syst. 

Med., London, n. 307-313. 

Sammonicus, Quint. S. (3rd Century, A.D.), de re medica, ed. 1540, 35. 
(Citations from Latin original in Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 3, which we translate 
as follows : p. 185 "the tick (ricinus) is a disgusting insect, called croton by the 
Greeks, sticking on to cattle, dogs and other animals without moving, when 
once it has fixed itself, infecting and torturing them acutely." He then quotes 
Pliny (q.v.) regarding the absence of an anus in ticks, etc.) 

Samson, K. (1908), Die Eiablage und die Larve der Zecke Rkipicephalus sanguineus. 
Sitzungsbericht d. Gesellsch. naturf. Freunde, Berlin. 

(I. 1909 , Zur Anatomie von Ixodes ricinus L. Inaug. Dissert, z. Erlang. d. 

Doktorw. Philos. Fakult., Berlin : G. Schade, 35 pp., 6 Text-Figs. (The more 
complete paper is the following.) 

(1909 a), Zur Anatomie und Biologie von Ixodes ricinus L. Zeitschr. f. wiss. 

Zool., xcin. 185-236, 4 Plates, 18 Text-Figures. (Important : anatomy, histology, 
biology.) 

(1909 b), Zur Spermohistiogene.se der Zecken. Sitzungsber. d. Gesellsch. 

naturf. Freunde, No. 8, pp. 486-499, PI. IX, 7 Text-Figs. (Spermatozoa in 
/. ricinus and 0. moubata.) 

Sanchez, J. (1893), Accidentes producidos por las garrapatas. In Sanchez's Zool. 

me'd. mexic., 8°, Mexico, 21. 
Pangalli, G. '1884\ Reminiscenze del Congresso medico internazionale tenutosi a 

Copenhagen nel p. p. Agosto. Rendiconti R. Istituto Lombardo d. Sci. e Lettere, 

2 s., xvii. 823-837. (Ixodes, see pp. 830-831.) 
Sant'Anna. J. F. see Amaral. 
Santori, F. S. see Celli. 
Savigny, J. (1826), Description de I'Egypte. Planches de zoologie. Arachnides, 

PI. IX. 
Say, T. fl821), An account of the Arachnides of the United States. Journ. Add. 

Nat. Sci., Phila., n. 59-83. (Pp. 75-79, describes the following species of 

Ixodes : annulatus, orbicularis, crenatus, erraticus, variabilis, punctulatus, 

scapularis, fuscous (fuscus).) 

(1859 posth.), The complete writings of Thomas Sny <n> tin- Entomology of 

North America. Edited by J. L. Le Conte, with a memoir of the author by 
G. Ord. In two Vols. New York: Bailliere Bros. (Vol. n., pp. 19-22, 
reprinted descriptions of Ixodes spp. given in Say, 1821, q.v.) 

56 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea sch 

Schaudinn, F. (1904), Generations- und Wirtswechsel bei Trypanosoma and 
Spirochaete. Arb. a. d. Kais. Gesundheitsamte, Berlin, xx. 387-439, 20 Text- 
Figs. (P. 428, development of Karyolysus in ;i mite (Milbe) briefly mentioned ; 
it has been since stated by several authors that the "mite" was /. ricn>"s 
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Schellack, C. (18. IV. 1908), Ueberiragungsversuche der Sj/irochaetc gallinarum 
durch Argas reflexus Fabr. Centralbl. f. Bakt., xi.vi. pp. 486-488. (A full 
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spirochaten durch Wanzen und Zecken. Arb. a. d. Kaiserl. Gesundheitsamte 
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Schlechtendal, D. H. R. (1891), Ueber das Eierlegen der Ixodes-(Zecken-)Weibchen. 

Jahresbericht d. Yer. f. Naturkunde zu Zwickau, 1891, pp. 11-14. (Very poor 

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Schlimmer, J. L. (1874), Terminologie medico-pharmaceutique et anthropologique 

francaise-persane sur les maladies ende'rniques et particulieres les plus interessant> s 

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plasmatica bourn — in Deutsch-, Englisch-Ostafrika, und Uganda. Arch. f. wiss. 

u. prakt. Tierheilk., xxx., 42-101. (Compilation with partial bibl.) 
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u. Tropen-Eyg., xn. 32. 
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Menschen und der Hausthiere fur Thierarzte, Ante und Studirende, 2. Lief., 

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Schrank, P. (1781), Enumeratio Insectorum Austriae, in. 1. (Brief description of 

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Schroeder, E. 0. (1900), A note on the vitality of the Southern cattle tick. U. 8. 

Dep't Agric, Bur. Animal Industry, 16th Ann. Report, pp. 41-42. 
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Annual Report Bur. Animal Industry, pp. 49-70. (Boophilus annulatus, its 

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Animal Industry, 1899, Washington, pp. 33-41. 

(1905), The persistence of the Texas Fever organism in the blood of Southern 

Cattle. U. S. Dep't Agric, 22nd Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal 
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see Smith, T. 

Schuberg and Manteufel (21. I. 1910), Ueber erworbene Immunitat gegen 
Rekurrens bei Ornithodorus moubata. Zeitschr. f. Immunitatsforsch. u. exper. 
Therap., iv. 512-515. 

Schiitz, see Kossel. 

N. 1. 57 8 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea sco smi 

Scopoli (1763), Entomologia carniologica, p. 387. (Only describes Acarus rii-in us from 

Frisch and Linnaeus as follows: " fusco-ferrugincus, ovatus, macula dorsali 

subrotunda nitida fusco exarata, lineis depressis obsoletis obliquis quatuor." 

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Seba (before 1804), Thesaurus, Vol. n., PI. 84, Fig. 3. (Cited by Midler 1831, 

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Seccombe (1907), Paspalum for tick country. Queensland Agric. Joura., Brisbane, 

xix., p. 142. 
Senger, J. C. (1897), Killing ticks on cattle. Rural New Yorker,.LVi. (2451), p. 37. 

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Shadbolt, Gr. (1845), On a British species of Ixodes found upon cattle. Ann. a. 

Magaz. of Nat. Hist., xvi. 64. (Occurrence of ticks, species not stated, in 

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Shaw, Gr. (1806), General Zoology, VI. ii., Insecta, p. 465. (Citations from this 

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Shibayama, G., and Miyajima, K. (1906), Piroplasma in Japan. (Japanese text.) 

SaikingaJcu Zasshi, Tokio, (114), p. 25. (Inaccessible.) 
Shipley, A. E. (VIII. 1909), The ectoparasites of the red grouse (Lagopus scoticus). 

Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pp. 309-334, Pis. XXXV-XLVII, reprint. (P. 326, 

brief mention of/, ricinus and other ticks ; nothing original except the statement 

that gamekeepers in Ross-shire attribute death of young black-game to attacks 

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Siebold (?), Zeitschr. f. Physiol, iv. 189, PI. XVI, Fig. 7 c. (Cited by Heller, 

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Siebold, C Th. von, and Stannius, H. (1846-8), Lehrb. der vergleich. Anat., 2 vols. : 

xiv + 679 pp., xii + 482 pp., Berlin. (Vol. I. by von Siebold, 1848 ; p. 528, vide 

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Siebold, K. T. E. von (1850), " Parasiten," in Handworterb. d. Physiol, mil 

Riicksicht auf physiol. Path., Braunschweig, n. pp. 641-692. (S. and S. bibl.) 
Simon, E. (1879), Les Arachnides de France, Vol. vn. 

see Fairmaire. 

Simonds, J. B. (1865), Observations on parasites and parasitic diseases affecting 

domesticated animals. Journ. Royal Agric. Soc, (2) I. 33-72. [Ticks, especially 

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Simpson, J. 0. (27. IV. 1901), Case of a parasite — Argas (or Ornithodorus) megnini 

Duges — in each ear. [With a note by E. G. Wheler, q.vJ] Lancet, I. 1197- 

1198, 3 Figs., also: 7 pp., 3 Figs. repr. 
Skinner, B. (1905), Rats in relation to plague. Brit. Med. Journ., n. 427, 622, 

3 Figs, and 1 Map. (Hyalomma aegyptium, occurrence on rats in India, ticks 

determined by Nuttall.) 
Smedley, R. D. see Nuttall. 
Smith, R. G. (1899), The tick fever parasite. Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales, xxiv. 

585-595. [Brief account of piroplasmosis in cattle ; a compilation from other 

authors' writings.] 

58 8—2 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea smi ste 

Smith, T. (1893), Die Aetiologie der Texasfieberseuche des Rindes. Centralbl. /'. 

Bakteriol., xm. 511-527. (Cit. Nuttall, 1899.) 

(8. VII. 1899), On the Aetiology of Texas Cattle Fever, with special reference 

to recent Hypotheses concerning the transmission of Malaria. New York Med. 
Jour a., 17 pp. reprint. 

see Salmon. 

Smith, T., and Kilborne, F. L. (1892), Texas fever and cattle ticks. (Letter to 
editors, dated Apr. 8th.) Veterinarian, London, lxv. 4 s., XXXVIII. 351-o")ii. 

(1893;, Investigations into the Nature, Causation and Prevention of Texas 

or Southern Cattle Fever. Bulletin No. 1, Bureau of Animal Industry, U. S. 
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Smith, T., Kilborne, F. L., and Schroeder, E. C. (1893), Additional observations 

on Texas cattle fever. Ibid., Bull. No. 3, pp. 67-72. 
Sonnenberg, E. (1908), Die Piroplasinosis der Schafe und ihre Beziehung zur 

sogenannten Bradsot der Schafe. Berl. tierarztl. Wochenschr., (35), 609-610. 
Soulie\ see Claude. 
Spicer, W. W. (1874a), The Canterbury tick. Science Gossip, lxxiv. p. 185. 

(1874b), Ibid., p. 209. 

Spix and Martius (?), Reise in Brazilien, i. 173. (The ticks, called "carabatos," 

are a great plague ; they cluster in vast numbers on vegetation and attack 

passing persons. Recommends brandy, tobacco infusion or tobacco smoke as 

remedies. Cit. Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 7.) 
Spreull, J. see Dixon. 
Squier (?), Staatea von Centralamerika. (Cited, without further reference, by 

Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 7, as stating that it is the custom in Honduras to remove 

ticks from the skin by passing a ball of soft wax over them.) 
Starcovici, C. (1893), Bemerkungen iiber den durch Babes entdeckten Blutparasiten 

und die durch denselben hervorgebrachten Krankheiten, die seuchenhafte 

Hamoglobinurie des Rindes (Babes), das Texasfieber (Th. Smith) mid der 

Carceag der Schafe (Babes). Centralbl. f. Bakteriol. etc., Jena, xiv. 1-8. (A 

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Steddom, R. P. (1906), The first season's work for the eradication of the cattle 

tick. 23rd Ann, Rep. Bur. Animal Indust., U. S. Dep't Agric, Washington, 

101-112. 

(1907), Report of cooperative work on tick eradication. Bull. 97, Bur. Animal 

Indust., U. S. Dep't Agric, Washington, 12-20. 

(1908), How to get rid of cattle ticks. Circ. 97 (Revised) of the Bur. of 

Animal Industry. Breeder's Gaz., Chicago, liv., p. 180. 

Stephens, J. W. W. (1907), Ticks as transmitters of disease. Nature, London, 

lxxv. 523-524. 
Stewart, J. D. (2. XI. 1906), The cattle tick : tick infestation, tick fever, and 

preventive measures. Agric. Gazette of New South Wales, xvn. 947-952, 

1155-1157. 

(1907), The cattle tick : tick infestation, tick fever, preventive measures, and 

treatment. (Continuation of 1906.) Ibidem, xvm. 561-570, 6 Figs., 651-655, 
1 PL, Figs. 1-12. 

59 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea sti sto 

Stiles, C. W. (1892), The histology of Boophilus. (Author's abstract.) Proc. Entomol. 
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(1904), Preliminary report upon a zoological investigation into the cause, 

transmission, and source of the so-called "spotted fever" of the Rocky 
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(1905), A zoological investigation into the cause, transmission, and source of 

Rocky Mountain "spotted fever." U. S. Treasury Dep't, Public Health and 
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see Salmon and Stiles. 

Stiles, C W., and Hassall, A. (26. III. 1901). Notes on parasites, 55-57. A pupa- 
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(1901 b), Notes on Parasites 56 : Boophilus australis present in Cuba, Porto Rico, 

Venezuela, and India. Circ. No. 34, Bureau of Animal Industry, U. S. Dep't 
Agric, Washington, pp. 2-3. 

(1902 et seq..), Index Catalogue of Medical and Veterinary Zoology. Issued by 

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Stockman, S. (1903), Rinderpest and redwater in cattle. Vet. Rec, Loudon, xv. 
634-637. 

(1904 a), Some points to be considered in connection with Rhodesian redwater. 

Transvaal Agric. Journ., in. 87-94. 

(1904 b), Rhodesian redwater, vel East African coast fever, vel tropical 

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(1905), Report of the work of the Veterinary Division. Transvaal Dep't of Agric. 

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(VIII. 1908), Redwater in England and its carriers. Proc. National Veterin. 

Assoc. (London.) Reprint 13 pp. (4 temperature charts). (Notes occurrence of 
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see Theiler. 

Stoll, 0. (1886-1893), Arachnida Acaridia. Biologia Centrali- Americana, Zool., 
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Plates XII-XIV.) 

60 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea strtas 

Strebor (1906), [Aloes and Ticks]. Ayric. Journ., Cape Town, xxviu., p. L23. 

(Letter of 5 lines to editor ; harmless decoction of aloes said to keep ticks 

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Strickland, C. see Nuttall. 
Sulzer (1776), Ahgek'drzte Geschichte der Insekten, p. 415. (Without importance. 

Cited in Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 6, as not knowing if his Fig. 7 in Part 29 

represents reduuius or marginatus. The figure si lows festoons, consequently it 

is not an Ixodes. In 1777, in the author's article "Millie'' in Neuer Schav/platz 

der Natur, v. 658, reduvius and ricinus are vaguely distinguished by differences 

in colour.) 
Sundevall, C. J. (1833), Conspectus Arachnidarum Lund. In Acad. Carolina. 

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Supino, F. (1897), Nuovi Ixodes della Birmania. (Nota preventiva.) Atti Soc. 

Veneto- Trent, di Sci. Nat, 2 s., in. fasc. I. pp. 230-238. (Preliminary note to 

the following.) 

(dat. IV. 1897), Considerazioni sulla sistematica degli Ixodes. Atti Soc. 

Veneto-Trent. di Sci. Nat., 2 a., 1898, in. 241-252, Pis. XI1-XIII, Figs. 1-23. 

Suworow, E. K. (1906), Predvaritelnoe soobshcheuie ob anatomii Ixodes reduvius. 

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Resume in German, 366-367. 
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Soc. Victoria, xxm. n.s., Pt. 1, pp. 15-18, PI. II (Argas victoriensis, n.ep. 

founded on a larva !). 
Szovits (1828), Ueber die Wanzen von Miana. Froriep. Not., xxn. No. 478. 

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Szoyka, G-. (1903), A kutyak piroplasmosisa es haemoglobinaemiaja. Allot, lapok, 

Budapest, xxvi. 1-14. 

(1903), Piroplasmosis und Haemaglobinaemie der Hunde. Deutsche tierarztl. 

Wochenschr., Hannover, xi. 234-236. 



Taruffi (?), (Cited by Perroncito, 1901, p. 564, as describing a case, reported by 

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Tas'jhenberg, E. L. (1873), Mitteilung liber die einheimische Saumzecke. Zeitschr. f. 

d. gesammt. Naturwiss., xli. 381-383. (Cited by Brandes, 1897.) 

(1874), The Canterbury tick {Argas reflexus). Science Gossip, 1874, p. 171. 

(1880), Die Schnabelkerfe, fliigellosen Parasiten, und als Anhang einiges 

Ungeziefer, welches nicht zu den Insekten gehort. Praktische Insekteakunde. 

5. Theil. 238 pp., 43 Figs. Bremen: M. Heinsius. (Ticks: pp. 150-153; 

uescribes Ixodes spec, Argas reflexus, and gives 2 small original figures ; the 

large "adult" Argas (!) has only 6 legs.) 
(1900), Die Insekten, Tausendf ussier und Spinnen, being vol. ix. of Brehm's 

Thierleben. Leipzig u. Wien. 764 pp. (Ixodoidea ; pp. 733-741.) 
Taschenberg, 0. (?), Einiges uber niitzliche und schadliche Thiere. Die Natur, 

xlvi. (Cited by Lucas, 1898, who says the paper is interesting re poison of 

Argas ; inaccessible.) 

61 



Bibliography of the Ixodoldea ter the 

Terrenzi, G. (1893-1894), Sopra un Acaro (Argas reflexus) trovato per la prima volta 
in Italia parassito sull' uomo. Riv. ital. Sci. Nat., xiv. 73-76, 97, 98. 

Theiler, A. (1903 a), Equine malaria and its sequelae. Jowrn. Gom/p. Path, and 
Therap., Edinburgh and London, xvi. 97-120. (Ticks suspected as carriers, no 
clear evidence as yet.) 

(1903 b), Les piroplasmoses dans l'Afrique australe. Rev. vet., Toulouse, lx. 

625-639, 670-682. 

(1903 c), Die Piroplasmosen in Siid-Afrika. Fortschr. d. Yet. llyg., Berlin, i. 

133-147. 

(1903-1904), The Rhodesian tick fever. Transvaal Agric. Jowrn. (1903), 

I. 93-110, PI. XV (Pp. 106-108, experiments with Rhipicephalus shipleyi Nn.) ; 
(1904), II. 421-438. 

(1904 a), Rhodesian tick fever. Rep. S. African Assoc. Adv. Sci, pp. 201-220. 

(1904 b), The transmission of East Coast fever by ticks. Transvaal Agric. 

Journ., in. 71-86. 

(1904c), East Coast fever. Journ. R. Army Med. Corps, London, in. 599-620. 

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(1904 d), Spirillosis of cattle. Journ. Compar. Path, and Therap., Edinburgh 

and London, xvn. 47-55. (Ticks suspected carriers.) 

(1904 e), Die Piroplasmosis des Maulthieres und des Esels. Zeitschr. f. 

Thiermed., Jena, vin. 382-388. Reprint. (P. 387 spread attributed to ticks 
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(1904-5), Experimentelle Uebertragung der tropischen Piroplasmosis der 

Rinder mittels Zecken. Fortschr. d. VeterinUr-Hygiene, Berlin, n. 257-268. 

(1905 a), Report of the Government Veterinary Bacteriologist. Transvaal 

Dep't of Agric, Annual Report for the Year 1903-4. Pretoria : Gov't Printing 
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experiments with different species, bionomics of Boophilus decoloratus, Hyalomma 
aegyptium, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus, R. evertsi, R. simus, Amblyomma 
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(1905 b), Transmission and inoculability of Spirillum theileri Laveran. Proc. 

Roy. Soc. London, s. B., lxxvi. 504-6. See also Transvaal Dep't Agric, Ann. Rep. 
Dir. Agric, 1904-5 (1906), pp. 123-151. 

(1905 c), Maladies des troupeaux dans l'Afrique du Sud. Bull. Inst. Pasteur, 

in. 617, 657. 

(1905 d), Notes on Piroplasmosis of the horse, the mule, and the donkey. 

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Transvaal Agric Journ., in. 706-716, (also) Journ. Compar. Path, and Therap., 
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(1906), Report of the Gov't Veter. Bacteriologist. Transvaal Dep't of Agric, 

Annual Report of the Director of Agriculture for the Year 1904-5. (P. 88 time 
an area remains infected with East Coast Fever ; prevalent species of ticks : 
H. aegyptium, A. hebraeum, R. simus, R. evertsi; p. 94 piroplasmosis in equities; 
p. 123 transmission of spirochaetosis in cattle by B. decolorants.) 

(XII. 1906), Transmission of equine piroplasmosis by ticks in South Africa. 

Journ. Compar. Pathol, and Therap., xix. 283-292. 

62 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea the 

Theiler, A. (1907), Transmission of equine piroplasmosis by ticks in South Africa. 
Transvaal Dep't of Agric, Report of the Gov't Peter. Bacteriologist for the 
Year 1905-6. Pp. 10, 105 116. Pretoria: Gov't Printing and Stat. Off. 
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(1907), Further notes on I'iroplasma mutiuts — a new species of Piroplasma in 

South African cattle. Part 2. Jour a. Cum pur. Path, and Therap., Edinburgh 
and London, xx. 1-18. 

(1908), Transvaal Dep't of Agric, Report of the Gov't V<>ter. Bacteriologist for 

the Year 1906-7. Pretoria : Gov't Printing and Stat. Off. (Pp. 45 et seq. 
Further notes on Piroplasma mutatis — a new species of Piroplasma in South 
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Further transmission experiments with East Coast Fever : negative with B. 
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(1908 a), Experiments with English and South African redwater. Transvaal 

Agric Joum., Pretoria, vi. 534-543. 

(1908 b), Weitere Versuche, das Ostkiistenfieber durch Zecken zu ubertragen. 

Zeitschr. f. Infektionskr. etc. d. Haustiere, Berlin, IV. 265-278. 

(1908 c), The influence of cold on ticks and Piroplasma parvum. Bull. Soc. de 

path, exot., Paris, I. 451-454. (Vide 1909 a.) 

(I. 1908), The prevention and eradication of stock diseases in South Africa. 

Transvaal Agric. Joum., vi. 217-233. (Semi-popular article, refers to redwater 
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(IV. 1908), Further transmission experiments with East Coast Fever. 

Transvaal Agric. Joum., vi. 413-425 (same as in Theiler, 1908 and 1908 b). 

(1909 a), The influence of cold on ticks and Piroplasma parvum. Transvaal 

Dep't of Agric, Report of the Gov't Veter. Bacteriologist for the Year 1907-8. 
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(1909 b). Transmission des spirilles et des piroplasmes par diflerentes especes 

de tiques. Bull. Soc. path, exot., Paris, n. 293. 

(1909 c), Diseases, ticks, and their eradication. Transvaal Agric. Joum., 

Pretoria, vil. 685-699. 

Theiler, A., and Gray, E. (1906-1907), Veterinary hygienic principles applicable to 
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Theiler, A., and Stockman, S. (1904), Some observations and experiments in 
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193-203. (Field experiments, dipping, influence of season.) 

(1905), Further experiments to determine how long an area remains infected 

with East Coast Fever. Joum. Compar. Path, and Therap., xviii. 163-171. 

Theobald, F. V. (1905), Flies and Ticks as agents in the distribution of disease. 
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63 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea tho uri 

Tholozan, J. D. (1882), Des pbenomenes morbides produits par la piqure dcs 

parasites voisins des Ixodes, les Argas de Perse. Mem. Soc. Biol., p. 15. 

(A. persicus, cit. Huber, bibl., 1899, p. 17.) 
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Annali del Museo civico di St. Nat. di Oenova, xvm. 62, PI. VI, Figs. 40 15. 

{Haemaphysalis papuana Thorell.) 
Thurow, E. W. (1891), Ticks from Texas. (Letter to editors, dated Aug. 22nd, 

1890.) Insect Life, Washington, in., p. 413. 
Tidswell, F. (1899), Some further Observations on protective-inocidation against Tide- 
fever. Sydney: Dep't of Agriculture, N. S. W., Misc. Pub. No. 321, 16 pp. 
Tiraboschi, C. (1904), Les rats, les souris et leurs parasites cutanes dans leurs 

rapports avec la propagation de la peste bubonique. Arch, de Parasitologic, 

viii. 161-349, 72 figs. (Ixodidae, pp. 334-337, 4 Figs, nothing original.) 
Todd, J. L. see Dutton. 
Tokishige, H. see Janson. 
Tonnel (14. XI. 1906), L 'Argas reflexus parasite de l'homme. Semaine Med., No. 46, 

p. 552. (Abstract of paper which appeared in a recent number of DEcho me'd. 

du Nord.) 
Townsend, C. H. T. (1893), Ticks in the ears of horses. Journ. N.Y. Entomol. Soc, 

i. pp. 49-52. (0. megnini.) 

(1894), Ticks in Jamaica. Museum Notes No. 44. U. S. Dep't Agr., vi. 58. 

[Hyalomma dissimilis Koch, a plague there ; suggests means of extermination by 
enemies.] 

(1894-5), Names of Jamaican Ticks and their hosts. Journ. Inst. Jamaica, i. 

380. 

(1895), Note on the chicken tick (Argas americanus Pack.). Insect Life, 

Washington, v. 417-418. 

Traill (1838), Notice of Argas persicus, a species of bug, found in Mianneh, in 
Persia, and reported to be poisonous. (Title only.) Rep. Brit. Ass. Adv. Sc, 
London (7th Meet., Liverpool, Sept., 1837), vi. Tr. of Sect., p. 98. 

Treviranus, Gr. R. (1831), Ueber den Bau der Nigua (Acarus americanus L., Acarus 
nigua De Geer). Zeitschr.f. Physiologic Heidelberg and Leipzig, iv. pp. 185-191, 
Taf. xv., xvi. (S. and S. bibl.) 

Troschel and Ruthe (1859), Lehrbuch der Zoologie, p. 257. (Family Ricini includes 
Argasidae and Ixodidae ; they follow C. L. Koch's classification. Brief 
reference. Cit. Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 16.) 

Trouessart, E. L. (1891 and 1892), Considerations generates sur la classification des 
Acariens, suivies d'un essai de classification nouvelle. Revue des sci. nat. de 
Vouest, Paris, i. pp. 289-308; n. pp. 20-54. (S. and S. bibl.) 

(ca. 1895), Les parasites des habitations humaines, 168 pp., 53 Figs. Paris: 

Masson. (Ticks: pp. 122, 123, Fig. 50; little about ticks, and nothing 
original.) 

see Berlese, see Rollinat. 

Tucker, G. (1908), Ticks on dogs. Queensland Agric Journ., Brisbane, xx. p. 230. 

Urich, F. W. (1893), Determination of a Trinidad Tick. Trinidad Field Nat. Club, 
I. 268. 

64 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea uti war 

Utility (1899\ The poultry tick. The Agric. Gaz., Tasmania, vi. p. 185. (S. and 

S. bibl. Inaccessible.) 

Vallee, see Laveran. 

Vallot, N. (1801 , Observation but les effets de la piqure d'un insecte connu 

vulgairement au departement de laCote-d'Or sous le nom de pou de bois. Rec. 

period, soc. de med. de Paris, xi. 264-271. (Inaccessible. Cit. bibl Nuttall, 

1899.) 
Varro, M. Terentius (116-27 B.C.), De rustica lib. II. de re pecuaria cap. ix. 16, 

p. 248, ed. Hallens, 1730 (Latin passages cited by Pagenstecher, 1K61, p. 3 . 

Recommends the inunction of the ears and toes of dogs, "because flies, ticks 

(ricini) and fleas" produce sores in these situations. Hallens defines ricinus as 

a dog-louse, sheep-louse or cow-tick (Kuhtecke). 
Verrill, A. E. (1870), The external parasites of domestic animals : Their effect and 

remedies. Fourth Annual Report of the Secretary of the Connecticut Board of 

Agriculture (1869-70), 1870, pp. 72-122, Figs. 1-47. (S. and S. bibl.) 
Vincenheller, W. G. 1906), The cattle tick in Washington and Benton counties. 

Ark. Agr. Exp. Sta., Bull. 90, pp. 131-141. 
Vogt Q869), "Xedeiias Amt" (cited by Nuttall, 18!J0, p. 43, after Johannesseu, 

1885). {Ixodes ricinus, effects of bite on man.) 
Voigt. F. S. (1838), Lehrbvxh der Zoologie, iv. 179. (Defines genus Ixodes (ricinus), 

other matters briefly mentioned. Cit. Pagenstecher, 1861, p. 11.) 

Wagner, E. (1876), Manual of General Pathology, translated from the sixth German 

edition by John van Duyn and E. C. Seguin, pp. x+728, 8°, New York, Wm. 

Wood and Co. (Brief mention of ticks.) 
Wagner, J. (1892), Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Milben. Furchung des Eies, 

Entstehung der Keimblatter und Entwicklung der Extremitaten bei Ixodes. 

Zool. Anzeiger, xv. 316. 
(1894), Die Embrionalentwicklung von Ixodes calcaratus Bir. Tradui St 

Petersb. Obsch., xxiv. 214. Travaux de la Soc. d. naturalistes de St Petersb., 

xxiv., Livr. 2. 
Wagner, R. T841), Icones Zootomicae. Handatlas zur vergleichenden Anatomie. 

35 Tafeln mit 1039 Figuren. Leipzig: Leopold Voss. [Gives figures (XII, XIII, 

Plate 25) of Ixodes plumbeus and its gut after Duges (1834 c, Plate 7).] 
Walckenaer, C. A. de, and Gervais, P. (1837-47), Histoire naturelle des Insectes 

(Suites a Buffon). Apteres. 4 vols., 52 Pis. Paris : Roret. (First work on 

general classification of Aptera. Apteres: pp. 234-251.) 
Wallace, R. i'1908), Report on tick; redwater, or Texas fever in cattle (Piroplasin<i 

bigeminum or P. bovis) its cause, treatment, and prevention. Edinburgh : Oliver 

and Boyd, 30 pp., 5 Figs. (Compiled from papers by other authors. Con- 
stitutes a Report to the Agent-General for (Queensland.) 
Walsh, B. D., and Riley, C V. (1868), Ticks and Texas Fever. American 

Entomologist, I. 28. (S. and S. bibl.) 
Warburton, 0. (VI. 1907), The Ticks infesting Domesticated Animals in India. 

Imperial Department of Agriculture in India, Bull. No. 6, Calcutta, 13 pp., 

15 Figs. 

N. I. 65 9 



Biblioyrapliy of the Ixodoiclea war-WEL 

Warburton, C. (4. VII. 1907), Notes on Ticks. Journ. Economic Biol., n. 89-95, 
PI. VII. 

(7. IV. 1908), On some new and obscure species of the genus Haemaphysalis of 

the Ixodidae. Proc. Cambr. Philos. Soc, xiv., 508-519, 11 Pigs. 

(XII. 1910), On two collections of Indian Ticks. Parasitology, III. 395-407, 

10 Figs. 

see Nuttall. 

Warburton, C, and Nuttall, G. H. F. (VI 1909), On new species of Ixodidae, with 
a note on abnormalities observed in Ticks. Parasitology, n. 57-76, 26 Text- 
figures. 

Ward, H. B. (1900a), The ticks of Nebraska. Ann. Itep't Nebraska State Board of 
Agricult., 1899 ; also as "Studies from the Zoological Lab. Univ. of Nebraska," 
pp. 193-205 (repr.), Figs. 1-6. 

(1900b), Arachnida. Wood's Refer. Handb. of the Med. Sci. Revised edition, r. 

428-437, Figs. 243-260. 

Weber, see Kossel. 

Webster, F. M. (1893), Ticks on chickens. Ohio Farmer, Cleveland, lxxxiv. (8), 

p. 149. (S. and S. bibl. Inaccessible.) 
Weed, C. M. (1888), A chicken tick. Prairie Farmer, lx. (1), Jan. 7, p. 3. 

(S. and S. bibl. Inaccessible.) 
Weichselbaum, A. (1898), Parasitologic. Handbuch der Hygiene, Jena, ix. (2 Lief.), 

pp. X + 63-336, 78 Figs. (S. and S. bibl.) 
Wellman, F. C. (1905a), Case of relapsing fever, with remarks on its occurrence in 

the tropics and its relation to tick fever. Journ. Trop. Med., London, viii. 

97-99. 

(1905b), Relapsing fever ; its occurrence in the tropics and its relation to tick 

fever in Africa. American Medicine, Phila., x. 151-155. 

(1905c), Notes on the Tropical Diseases of the Angola Highlands. The Amer. 

Soc. of Trop. Med., vol. I. 1904-1905, reprinted from : New York Med. Journ. 
and Philad. Med. Journ. for Aug. 12, 19, 26, and Sept. 2, 1905. 13 Figs., 49 pp., 
reprint. 

(1906a), Human trypanosomiasis and spirochaetosis in Portuguese South-West 

Africa, with suggestions for preventing their spread in the Colony. Journ. of 
Hygiene, Cambridge, vi. 237-245. 

(1906b), On a hemipterous insect which preys upon blood-sucking arthropods 

and which occasionally attacks mammals (man). Journ. Trop. Med., Lond., ix. 
97. 

(1906c), Sobre um insecto hemiptero que se alimenta do propagador da Espiril- 

hose huniana e ataca occasionalmente o Homem. Polytechnia, vol. in. Nos. 4, 5, 
7 pp., 1 Fig., reprint. 

(1906d), A note on the habits of Ornithodorus moubata (observations of two 

gravid females). Journ. Trop. Med., Lond., ix. 215. 

(1906 and 1907), On Ornithodonos moubata Murray ; a disease- bearing 

African tick. Medicine, Detroit, XII. 493-499, and Am. Soc. Trop. Med., n. 
bound reprints. 16 pp., 4 Figs. 

(1907), Preliminary notes on some bodies found in ticks — Omith. moubata 

(Murray) — fed on blood containing embryos of Filaria perstans (Manson). Brit. 
Med. Journ., n. 142. 

66 



Bibliography of the Ixodoitlva wer wil 

Werner (1906), Zur Epidemiologic des afrikanischen Recurrens. Arch. f. Schiffs- u. 

Tropi'ii-IIi/g., x. 776-781. (Discusses the epidemiology of spirochetosis in 

German E. Africa and its history, with incidental mention of ticks.) 
Westwood, J. 0. (1877), The President's Address. Proc. Entomol. Soc, London, 

1877, pp. xxxvii-lxxxi. (Refers briefly to the " Blyborough tick" on p. lxii.) 
Wetzl, J. (1906), Ueher die Piroplasmose der Hunde. ZeiUchr. Tiermed., x. 309, 

3 Figs. 
Wheler, E. G. (1899 and 1900), ( 'lassification of British Ticks. Science Gossip, 1899, 

pp. 363-365 ; 1900, pp. 11, 12, 37-41 (17 Figs.). 
(1899 a), Ticks and " Louping 111." Science Gossip, v. 5-7, 48-50, 106-110, 

20 Figs. 

(1899 b\ Louping 111 and the Grass Tick. Journ. Royal A grind t. Soc. of 

England, 3 s., x. Reprint 27 pp., 7 Figs. (The same Figs, as in Wheler, 1899.) 

(1901), Note on a remarkable stigmatic organ in the Nymph of Ornithodorv* 

megnini (Duges). (2 Figs, in text.) Journ. Quekett Microscop. Club, ser. 2, vm. 
61, 62 ; also Journ. Neio York Entomol. Soc, 1893, pp. 49-52, also included under 
Simpson, 1901, q.v. 

(1902), Parasitically inoculated diseases. Trans, of the Highland and Agr. Soc. 

of Scotland, 20 pp., repr. 

(III. 1906), British Ticks. Journal Agric. Sci, Cambridge, I. 400-429, 

Pis. V-X. 

Wherry, W. B., and Wellman, F. C. (1909), Ticks on the California Ground 
Squirrel. Entom. News, xx. p. 376. 

White, A. (1846), List of Annulosa (principally Insects) found on the journey of 
Henry H. Methuen, Esq., see Appendix to H. H. Methuen, Life in the Wilder- 
ness, or Wanderings in South Africa; p. 363, PI. II, Fig. 4. {Argas trans- 
gariepinus.) 

(1852), Appendix. Journal of voyage in Baffin's Bay, by P. C. Sutherland, n., 

p. ccx. (Nominal species of Ixodes.) 

Wickson, E. J. (1892), Ticks in the ear. Pacific Rural Press, March 19, p. 264. 
(S. and S. bibl. Inaccessible.) 

Wilkinson, see Daniels. 

Williams (1897), Louping 111. Further researches into the causation and 

prevention of louping ill, or tumbling in sheep. Ixodic toxaemia. Princ. and 
Pract. of Vet. Med., p. 568 (see moreover Trans. Highland Agric. Soc, ix.). 
(Cit. Nuttall, 1899, p. 43.) 

Williams, S. R. (1905), The Anatomy of the Texas Cattle Fever Tick, Boophilus 
anmdatus Say. Proc. Boston Soc Nat. Hist., xxxn. 313-334, PI. 18-22. 

Willoughby, C. L. (1904), Cattle ticks and Texas fever ; immunizing experiments 
in Georgia. Georgia Agr. Exp. Sta., Bull. 64, pp. 143-182, Figs. 9. (H. and 
H. bibl.) 

Wilson, L. B., and Chowning, W. M. (1902), Report on the investigation of so- 
called "Spotted fever." 1st Biennial Report of the Montana State Board of 
Health from its creation, 15 March 1901 to 30 Nov. 1902, 25 pp. (see Postscript). 

(1. I. 1904), Studies in Pyroplasmosis Hominis ("Spotted Fever" or "Tick 

Fever" of the Rocky Mountains). Journ. Infect. Diseases, I. 31-57, with Map, 
Charts and Plates I— II. 

67 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea winzur 

Winkler, W. (1888), Das Herz der Acarinen nebst vcrgleichenden Bemerkungen 

iiber das Herz der Phalangiiden und der Chcrnetiden. Arb. a. d. zool. Inst. 

Wim, VII. 111-118, Plate IV. [Anatomy of heart of Gamasidae, Ixodidae ; I. 

ricinus larval heart, Plate IV., Fig. 4 ; see p. 114.] 
Wood, C. M. (1892), The Cattle Tick. American Nat., xxvi. 530. 
Wood, H. C, and Fitz, R. H. (1897), The Practice of Medicine, pp. x + 1088, 8°, 

Philadelphia. (S. and S. bibl.) 
Woods, P. T. (1898), Insects affecting poultry. Farm Poultry, IX. pp. 102, 103, 

Figs. 19, 20. (S. and S. bibl.) 
Woolley, P. Gr. sea Jobling. 

Wright, C. (1869), The cattle tick. American Nat., ill. 51-52. (S. and S. bibl.) 
Wynne, E. R. (1896), Report of investigations at Hughenden on Texas or Tick fever. 

(Included (pp. 40-42) in Report by Hunt and Collins (1896), q.v. (w.F.c.)) 

Yakimoff, W. L. (1. XII. 1909), Die Zecken und Piroplasmen des Igels. Centralbl. 
f. Bakteriol., 1 Abt. LII. 472-477, 1 coloured plate. (Piroplasma.) 

Zezell, P. (1780), Act. suec. 1780, translated by Kastner (1784) under the title Neue 
Abhandlungen aus der Naturlehre, I. 228. (Refers to Acari reduvii, called 
" festing " in Swedish ; case described of tick partly buried in an umbilical 
tumour, condition known as " Psydracia ab acaro reduvio." Application of oil 
useless, but brandy effective followed by use of forceps. Cited from Pagen- 
stecher, 1861, p. 7.) 

Ztirn, F. A. (1872), Die Schmarotzer auf und in dem Kbrper unserer Haussiiugethiere, 
sowie die durch erstere veranlassten Krankheiten, deren Behandlung und Verhiitung. 
Theil I : Die thierischen Parasiten. (4 Tafeln.) 236 pp. Weimar : B. F. Voigt. 
(A very short account of ticks on pp. 37, 38, only 2 species mentioned, and one 
of these, "7. ricinus $," badly figured. No original matter.) 

(1882), Die Krankheiten des Hausgefiiigels, p. 78. (A. reflexus, cit. Huber, bibl., 

1889, p. 16.) 

see Kiichenmeister. 



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TICKS 

A MONOGRAPH OF THE 

IXODOIDEA 



SECOND BIBLIOGRAPHY 



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TICKS 

A MONOGRAPH OF THE 

IXODOIDEA 

By 

GEORGE H. F. NUTTALL, M.A., M.D., Ph.D., Sc.D., F.R.S., Fellow of 
Magdalene College, Quick Professor of Biology, University of Cambridge 

CECIL WARBURTON, M.A., F.Z.S., Christ's College, Zoologist to the 

Royal Agricultural Society 

W. F. COOPER, B.A., F.Z.S., F.L.S., of the Cooper Laboratory for 

Economic Research, Watford 

L. E. ROBINSON, A.R.C.Sc. (Lond.), of the Cooper Laboratory for 

Economic Research, Watford 



BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE IXODOIDEA II 

BY 

GEORGE H. F. NUTTALL, F.R.S., 
and L. E. ROBINSON 



Cambridge : 

at the University Press 
1915 



©ambrtoge : 

PRINTED BY JOHN CLAY, M.A. 
AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS 



PREFACE TO SECOND BIBLIOGRAPHY 

OINCE the publication of our first Bibliography (1911) a great many 
^ papers have appeared which deal with ticks and their relation to 
disease. We have, moreover, collected a number of references which 
were omitted from the previous Bibliography. 

We are indebted to Med.-Rath Dr J. Chr. Huber (Memmingen) 
for sending a number of titles which we should probably have over- 
looked. W T e have also to thank Mr W. E. Collinge, M.Sc, for communi- 
cating a few titles. 

The present Bibliography contains 462 titles. 

Our comments on the contents of the papers cited are enclosed 
in [] brackets. 

As stated in the preface to the first Bibliography, we shall be very 
grateful to readers who may draw our attention to errors or omissions. 



G.H.F.N. and L.E.R. 



Cambridge. 

2nd October, 1914. 



V I 



FIRST BIBLIOGRAPHY 

ERRATA 

p. 2. Aragao, H. de B. (1908) : Add — also in Brazil- Medico, Rio de Janeiro, xxn. 

111-115. 
p. 2. Aragao, H. de B. (22. xi. 1908) : Add — also reprinted in Trabalhos do 

Institute de Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, 7 pp. 
p. 3. Banks, C. S. (1904) : Add— also included with Jobling and Wooley (1904) 

in Publication No. 14, Dept. Interior. Bur. Govt. Labs. Manila. 
p. 9. Canestrini, Gr. and Canestrini, R. (1882 a) : delete reference as it does not 

relate to ticks, 
p. 10. for " Chillada" read— Chillida. 
p. 13. for " Craybill, H. W." read— Graybill, H. W. 
p. 16. for "Du Buysson (1896)" read— Du Buysson, H. (1897), and add, after 

" E?itomol."—LXV. 217-226. 
p. 20. Furstenberg, M. H. (1861) : delete reference as it does not relate to ticks. 
p. 30. Lavarra, L. (1906) : delete reference, 
p. 42. Moufetius, T. (1634) : Hagen and Burmeister, II. 5, state that the real 

author is Conrad Gessner. 
p. 45. Nordenskiold, E. (1908) : for " pp. 637-672," read 637-674. 
p. 51. Rainbow, W. J. (1896) : this title was cited from the Zoological Record, 

but Rainbow informed us in 1911 that he is not the author and he 

suggests that the paper may be by C. J. Pound, 
p. 51. Rainbow, W. J. (1904) : delete reference, as a dipterous insect and not 

a true tick is meant. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE IXODOIDEA. II 

Aders, W. M. (1. III. 1912), The Mood-sucking Arthropods of Zanzibar harmful to 
Man or Stock. Zanzibar : Published by the Zanzibar Gov't. Leaflet No. 2. 
13 pp. 

Aitken, C J. H. (1905), Illness following a Tick bite. Brit. Med. Journ., i. 412. 

Ajutolo, G. d' (1899-1900), Dell' Argas reflexas Latreille, parasita dell' uoino. Mem. 
d. r. Accad. d, So. Bologna, 5 s., viii. 9. 

Amberg, E. (1910), Ornithodorus megnini Duges im Gehorgang. Arch. Ohrenheil- 
kunde, lxxxii. 273-274, 1 Fig. 

Anderson, T. J. (1913), Ticks and biting Insects of Nairobi. Nairobi Laboratory 
Repts., Jan.-June, 1912, in. 19-20. 

Anonymous Authors (1897-1901), Taubenzecke {Argas rejlexus) in Zeitschr. f. 
Brief taubenkunde, Hannover, 1897, p. 787; 1899, p. 297; 1901, p. 264. 
[Cited by Metz, 1911, p. 4, as appealing for remedies against the tick.] 

Anonymous (1903), Un cas de parasitisme sur la peau humaine. Natural, canad., 
xxx. 157-162, 2 Figs. 

(1909), Extincion de la Garrapata. Boletin del Ministerio de Agricultura, XL, 

Num. 1, 2 y 3. Buenos Aires. 

Anonymous (III. 1914), Ticks in the West Indies. Agri<: Netcs, Barbadoes, xirr 
p. 90. Rev. in Rev. of Applied Entomol., s. B, Med. and Veter., n. 129. [Ticks 
listed : Argas persicus, Boophilus australis, Amblyomma variegatum, A. hirtwm, 
A. dissimile, Rhipicephalvs sanguineus, Boophilus sp., Hyalomma aegyptium, 
H. longirostre, Dermacentor nitens, Rhipicephalus sp. Specimens identified by 
Nuttall and W»ai'burton, for the Imperial Bureau of Entomology.] 

Anonymous (IV. 1914), The Fowl Tick and Spirochaetosis. Agric. Gaz., N. S. 
Wales, Sydney, xxv. 349-350, 2 Figs. Rev. in Rec. of Applied Entomol. s. B, 
Med. and Veter., u. 116. [Argas persicus, compiled account of fowl spiro- 
chaetosis.] 

Aragao, H. de B. (1911), Notas sobre ixodidas brazileiros. — Notes sur les ixodides 
du Bresil. (Portuguese and French text and title.) Memorias d. Inst. Oswaldo 
Cruz, in. 145-195, Pis. 11 and 12. [Gives a survey of Brazilian ticks, describes 
n. spp. : Ornithodorus rostratus, Amblyomma pacae, Hoemuphysalis lej><>ris var. 
proxima, figures these ; also figures spp. described by author in 1908 : A. br<i- 
ziliense, A. mantiquirense, A. parvum, A. pseudo concolor, H. kochi ; also figures 
A. incisum Nn. and A. oblongoguttatimi Koch.] 

■ (1912), Contribuicao para a sistematica e biolojia dos ixodidas. — Beitrag 

zur Systematik und Biologie der "Ixodidae." Mem. d. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz, iv. 
96-119, Pis. II (coloured), III, 6 Text-tigs. [Parthenogenesis in ticks: 
Amblyomma agamum n. sp.] 

N. II. 1 1 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea. II ara-ben 

Aragao, H.jie B. (1913), Nota sobre algumas colecdes de carrapatos brazileiros. 
Mem. d. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz, v. 263-270, PL 26. [Amblyomma conspicuum n. sp. 

PI. 26, Figs. 1-2 coloured, £ dorsum and venter, good.] 
Archibald, R. G.. see Balfour, A. 
Austen, E. E. (1907), Blood-sucking Flies, Ticks, etc. 3rd edition. London : British 

Museum (Natural History). Instructions for Collectors ; X,,. 7. 8vo, 24 pp. 

Balfour, A. (1908), Spirochaetosis of Sudanese fowls. Report Wellcome Res. Labs., 
Khartoum, in. 38-59, 2 Pis. 

(1911), Spirochaetosis of Sudanese fowls. 4th Rept. Wellcome Research 

Laboratories, Khartoum. Vol. a— Medical, 76-107, Pis. Ill and IV. [Argas 
and Ornithodorus mentioned.] 
Balfour, A., and Archibald, R. G- (1908), Ticks. Suppl. to 3rd Report Wellcome 
Research Laboratories, Khartoum, 199-202. [A review of papers by other 
authors.] 
Balzer and Poisot (1906), Accidents causes par la piqure de VAryas. Hull. Soc. 
Franc, de Dermat. et Syph., Paris, xvn. 344-347. Also: Ann. ,/,■ Dermat. 
et Syph., Paris, 1906, 4s., vn. 604-607. Also: Med. mod,, Paris, 1906, 
xvii. 205. 
Banks, N. (1912), New American Mites. Proc. Entom. Soc. Washington, xiv. 96-99, 

2 Pis. [Otobius n. gen. pro Ornithodorus megnini.] 
Barnard, W. C. (1905), Arizona ticks. St. Louis Med, Rev., LI. 437. 
Bateman, H. R„ see Bruce, D. 
Baume, Wolf, La (1910), Zur Naturgeschichte des Holzbocks, Ixodes ricinus L. 

Prometheus, xxi. 91-92. 
Baxter, J. M. (1899), Ta epizoa. Proc. Nat. Hist. Assoc. Miramichi, 1. 20-23. [/."-- 

didae and other parasites.] 
Bedford, G. A. H. (1913), A Tick new to South Africa. Second Report of the Director 
of Veterinary Research (Department of Agriculture;, ( 'ape Town, 343-344, PI. 37, 
2 Figs. [Omithodorus megnini Duges : Occurrence in ears of cows at Vrylmrg, 
Bechuanaland and Fauresmith, Orange Free State.] 
Behr, H. H. (1899), A Californian Tick. Canadian Entomol., xxxi. 229-231. 
[Effects of bite of Ornithodorus americanus ; identification of species and 
remarks by Banks, p. 231.] 
Beloglazov, G. I. (1914). [Epidemic of Piroplasmosis in Horses in the Government 
of Tobolsk.] Arch. Vet. Naut, St. Petersburg, pt. 1, 45-56. Rev. in Revi 
Applied Entomol,, n., ser. B : Med. and Veter. (vi. 1914), 98. [Equine 
piroplasmosis in Gov't of Tobolsk occurs usually in spring, runs a severe course. 
Few ticks found on the horses.] 
Belt, T. (1874), The Naturalist in Nicaragua, London : John Murray. 103 pp., 
•with Map and Illustrations. [Pp. 209-210, - Ixodes bovis," attacking man in the 
plains of Nicaragua in April especially, also attack snakes, iguanas, birds 
(particularly curassows) and large mammals. The herdsmen remove them 
from their persons by means of a ball of wax which they carry for the purpose. 
The author evidently confused several species of ticks under the name 
"/. bovis."] 
Benoit-Bazille, H. (1910), V Argas rertexus{¥&hr.) et son parasitisme chez 1'homme. 
Mem, Soc, Zool. France, XXII, 261-280, 3 Pis. 

2 1—2 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea. II beq-bis 

Bequeart, J., see Rodhain, J. 

Bertolini, G. (1908), Di alcuni parassiti del bestiame dell' Agru Romano e della 

Sardegna. N. Ercolania, Pisa, xiii. 277, 373, 386, 401. 
Bielitzer, A. V. (1914), [Piroplasmosis of Horses in Russia], Arch. Vet. Nauk. 

St. Petersburg, Pt. 1, 73-78. Rev. in Review Applied Entomol., n., ser. B : 
-Med. and Veter. (vi. 1914), 98-99. [Dermacentor reticulata* and HyaXomma 
aegyptium regarded as carriers; their geographical distribution and that >>\' 
equine piroplasmosis considered ; trypaublue the best remedy.] 

Bielitzer, A. W., and Marzinovski, E. J. (1908). [Piroplasmosis of horses in 
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Bienarovic, S. K. (1907), [Ticks of North-western Russia as intermediaries of 
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(1911), [The intervention of a tick in the causation of enzootic haemo- 
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Billings, F. S. (1893), Original investigations in cattle diseases in Nebraska. Southern 
cattle plague. 3rd edit., revised and augmented with many new investigations, 
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Birdseye, 0. (9. HI. 1912), Some common mammals of Western Montana in relation 
to Agriculture and Spotted Fever. U.S. Dept. Agric, Farmers? Bull., No. 184. 
Washington, 46 pp., 34 Text-figs. 

see Henshaw, H. W. 

Bishop, 0. F. (XII. 1911), Notes on a trypanosome found in a sheep tick, and its 
probable connection with the disease known as louping-ill. Veterin. Jowrn. 
lxvii. 709-715, 1 Fig. [Found a "trypanosome" in blood squeezed from a tick 
taken from diseased sheep at Bellingham, Northumberland. In Sleeping Sick- 
ness Bull. No. 36, p. 157, it is stated that the tick is Ixodes ricinus ; it is not 
stated who determined it.] 

Bishopp, F. C. (23. VI. 1911)- Some new North American Ixodidae, with notes on 
other species. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, xxiv. 197-208, PI. II. [Ixodes 
cooki var. rugosus n. var., £ and $ descr. Figs. 1-2 ; I. banksi n. sp., <j? descr. 
Figs. 3-6 ; /. kingin. sp., $ 9 descr., Figs. 7-12 ; notes on /. angustuz Neumann ; 
/. angustus var. woodi n. var., J, Figs. 10-13 ; notes on /. scidptus Xeumann 
and Raemaphysalis chordeilis Packard, £ descr.] 

(XII. 1911) [Review of Nuttall and Warburton, Ticks, pt. 2.] Jowrn. Econ. 

Entomol., iv. 564-565. Concord, New Haven, U. S. A. 

(19. III. 1912), A new species of Dermacentor and notes on other North 

American Ixodidae. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, xxv. 29-38, PI. I. [Ixodes 
diversifossus Neumann, description of £ and $, Figs. 7-12; /. texanus 
Banks; Dermacentor hunteri n. sp., ^ $ , Figs. 1-6; Amblyomma maculatum 
Koch.] 

(31. III. 1913), The fowl Tick. U. S. Dept. of Agricult., Bureau of Entomol. 

Circular No. 170, 14 pp., 5 Figs. Washington, D.C. [Argas persicus, wrongly 
called miniatus. Geographical distribution (map) in the U. S., original figs., 
brief outline of known biology, eradication, etc.] 

3 



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Bishopp, F. C, Bee Hooker, W. A. 

see Hunter, W. D. 

Bishopp, F. C, and King, W. V. (IV. 1913), Additional ootes on the biology of 

the Rocky Mountain Spotted-fever Tick. Journ. Econ. Entomol., vi. 200 211. 

[Dermacentor venustus Banks.] 
Bishopp, F. C, and Wood, H. P. (1913), The Biology of some North American 

ticks of the genus Dermacentor. Parasitology, vi. lf>3 187, 3 pis. 
Blacklock, B. (30. XII. 1912,). The resistance of Omithodorus moubata to various 

sheep dips. Ann. Trap. Med. and Parasitol., vi. 129 I 33. 

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Blanc, G. (1910), Sur la terminaison du tube digestif des Ixodidae. Bull. Soc. Zool. 

France, xxxv. 219-225, 7 Fiys. 

(1911), Les spirochetes ; contribution & I'i'tudedeleur evolution chez la Ixodidau . 

Paris : Jouve & Cie, 129 pp. 8°. 

Blanchard, R. (3. I. 1906), Spirilles, Spirochetes et autres Microorganismes a corps 
spirale. Semaine Medicale, xxvi. 1-5. Also Arch. d. Parasitol., 1906, x. 129- 
149. Summary in Revue Veterinaire, 1906, p. 86. 

(1906), Spirilla, Spirochaetes, and other spirally-formed Micro-organisms. 

(Translated from Summary in Reeue Veterinaire, 1906, 86.) Journ. Comp. Pathol. 
and Therap., xix. 68-73. Also J' mm. Trap. Veter. Sci. I. 320-329. 

(1907), Une spirochetose humaine en Colombie. Bull. Acad, de mdd., Paris, 

3 s., lvii. 511-515. 

Boing, see Schuberg, A. 

Bordan, T. (1898), Az ovantay (Argas reflexus Latr.). Rovart. Lapok, v. 133- 135. 

Borthwick (VII. 1905), Tick Paralysis affecting sheep and lambs. Veterinary Journ., 

London, n.s. xn. 33-34. [Abstract of Report to Chief Vet. Surgeon Cape 

Gov't. Describes tick paralysis cases associated with presence of Ixodes pilosus. 

Rapid recovery after removal of tick ; dipping preventive.] 
Bos, J. R. (1900), Agricultural Zoology (Translated by J. R. A. Davis), xx + 312 pp., 

155 Figs., 2nd ed. London: Methuen & Co. [Ticks briefly mentioned on 

pp. 202-204. Fig. 127 of Ixodes ricinus, sketchy. Several inaccuracies in the 

description.] 
Bosi (1829;, ffistoire des vers etdes crustace'es, 2 ed. [Cited, according to Metz, 1911, 

p. 1, by Latreille, p. 178, as stating that A. reflexus occurs in Tuscany. 

Latreille found it in his own house.] 
Bouiiov, V. (9. IV. 1914), A few words on Piroplasmosis. (Translated from the 

Russian.) BeTepimapiiafl JKll3Hl> {Veterinary Life), Moscow, No. 13, 197- 

198. Rev. in Review Applied Entomol., scr. B : Med. and Veter. (vi. 1914), II. 

97. [Ticks found on bushes ; 273 piroplasmosis cases in horses in Government 

of Tambov.] 
Brand, T. (VII. 1909), Report on the Veterinary Survey of Northern Nigeria. London : 

Darling & Son, 12 pp. [Ticks : p. 12, detd. by A. S. Hirst, British Museum.] 
Brown, A. A. (1910a), Tick fever in Fowls. Journ. Agric. Victoria, vm. 96-97, 
5 Figs. 

(1910b) Tick fever or Spirillosis and Monadinitis of fowls. Australasian 

Med. Gas., Melbourne, xv. 689-697. 

Bruce, D., Hamerton, A. E., Bateman, H. R., and Mackie, F. P. 1910 . 
" Amakebe," a disease of Calves in Uganda, in Reports of the Sleeping Sich 

4 



Bibliography <\f the Ixodoidea. II bru can 

Commission of the Royal Soc. (London : Darling & Son, Ltd., Printers), No. x. 
86-103, PI. X. [Pp. 94-96, experiments with RhipicephaliM wppendiculatus and 
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Bruce, D., Hamerton, A. E., Bateman, H. R., Mackie, F. P., and Lady 
Bruce (1911), Distribution of Ticks in Uganda, in Reports of the Sleeping 
Sickness Commission of the Royal Soc. (London : Darling & Son, Ltd., Printers), 
No. xi. 228-243, 1 Map. [Deals with Amblyomma caricgatum, A. fbaracum, 
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R. simus, R. capensis, R. evertsi ; Boophilus decoloratus ; Haemaphysalis leachi; 
Omithodorus moubata (map), and 0. savignyi ; Aponomma exornatum ; see 
also p. 186, examination of 0. moubata (5) for parasites and (6) for Tryp. 
gambiense after feeding on infected blood ; results negative.] 

Bruce, Lady, see Bruce, D. 

Brucker, E. A. (1898), Sur les pieces buccales des Acariens. Comp. rend. Acad. 
Sci., cxxvi. 

(1901), Pieces buccales des Ixodides. Bull. Soc. Entomol. France, LXX. 

Brumpt, E. (1909), Existence d'une spirochetose des poules a Spirochaela gallinarum 

dans le pays Somali. C. R. Soc. Biol., Paris, lxvi. 174-176. [Argas persicus 
of small size received from Dirredaoua, where many fowls died. Ticks placed 
on fowls ; these developed spirochaetosis.] 

(9. VI. 1909), Sur nne nouvelle spirochetose des ponies dn Senegal prodnite par 

Spirochaeta neveuxi n. sp. Bull. Soc. Path. Exot., II. 285-288. 

(1912), Le Trypanosoma cruzi evolue chez Conorhinus megistus, Cimex lectu- 

lariv.s, Cimex boueti et Omithodorus moubata. Cycle evolntif de ce parasite. 
Bull. Soc. de Pathol, Exot., v. 360-367. 

Burnet, J. (27. III. 1909), The Role of Blood-sucking Arthropods in the Causation 
of Tropical Diseases. (Sleeping Sickness.) Medical Times, 231-232. 

Buy, P. (1907), Histoh-e naturelle et medicale des Ixodes. Soc. Linn., mi. 93-155, 
22 Figs. [Anatomy, classification, propagation of disease by ticks.] 

Buysson, R. du (15. IV. 1912), Un hymenoptere parasite des Ixodes. Arch, de 
Parasitol. xv. 246-247, 1 fig. [Occurrence in Ixodes ricinus of a small chalcidid 
belonging to the Encyrtinae, and genus Ixodiphagus Howard. The author 
describes both the sexes of Ixodiphagus caucurtei n. sp. found by E. Brumpt in 
/. ricinus nymphs captured on deer at Chantilly, Oise, and at Fontainebleau 
(Oct.-Nov.).] 

Cambridge, 0. Pickard-, see Pickard-Cambridge, 0. 

Campbell, W. S. (1901), Fowl Ticks. Agric. Gaz. N.S. Wales, xn. 1285. 

Canestrini, G. (1887), Intorno ad alcuni Acari ed Opilionidi dell' America. Atti 
Soc. Veneto Trentina di sci. nat., xi. fasc. 1, 104, PI. IX. [Figs. 3, 5 of Haema- 
physalis micropla Canestrini = B. annulatus var. microplus (Canestrini) Neumann, 
1901, p. 280. Cited from Neumann, 1897, p. 408.] 

(29. X. 1897), Contribuzione alia conoscenza degli Acaroidei della Birmania. 

Ann. Museo Civico di Storia Xatarale di Genova, Serie 2a, XVII. (xxxvill. 
417-422. [p. 417, Footnote : Opisthodon Canestrini found to be preoccupied by 
the author ; he therefore substitutes the generic name Prosopodon, which, 
however, is but a synonym for Eaemaphysalis Koch.] 



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Carazzi, D. (1913\ Parassitoloi/ia animal,- ; animali parassite ed animali trasmetti- 
tore di malattie paraxsitorie alV uomo e agli animali domestici. Con indicazioni 
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Cardamatis, J. (1911), Des Piroplaamoses et Leishmaniases. Centralbl. j. Bakt., 

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e morfologische sulla " Theileria parra." Vlinica Yr/m'naria. N. 19, 20, 21, and 

22, reprint, 46 pp., Pis. I— III. [Ilhipirephalus appendiculatw stated to convey 

East Coast Fever (due to Theileria parra) in Erithrea.] 
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Soc. i. 559. (Ixodes ricinus. Piroplasma bovis. Short note.) 
Cary, C. A. (1901), Texas or acclimation Fever. Alabama Agric. Exp. Sta. Ball. I 16, 

pp. 231-289. 
Chilton, C. (1904). A new species of Ixodes parasitic on the grey duck. Trans. 

New Zealand Institute, xxxvi. 201-202, PI. X. [Ixodes anatis n. sp. £ found 

on Anas superciliosa.] 
Christophers, S. R. (II. 1912), The development of Leucocytozoon canis in the tick, 

with a reference to the development of Piroplasma. Parasitology, v., 37-48. 

2 Diagrams. [Development of Haemogregarina canis and of Piroplasma funis in 
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Christy, C (1905), Tick Fever. Brit. Med. Joum., i. 1726. 

Clark, F. N. (1910), Stray notes on Ticks. Proe. S. London Entom. Nat. Hist. Soc, 
1909-10, pp. 29-33, 2 Pis. 

Cooley, R. A. (V. 1911), Tick control in relation to Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. 
A report of co-operative investigations conducted by the Bureau of Entomology 
and the Montana Experiment Station. Montana Agric. College Exper. Stat., 
Bull. No. 85. Bozeman, Montana, 29 pp., 1 Fig. on title-page [of 
Dermacentor £ ]. 

(II. 1913), Notes on little-known habits of the Rocky Mountain spotted fever 

tick (Dermacentor venustus Banks). Joum. Econ. Entomol., VI. 93-95 (Dis- 
cussed on 95-96). 

Cooper, W. F. (1905), Ticks, 16 pp., containing 19 Figures. Berkhamsted : Win. 
Cooper and Nephews. [Short texts describing photomicrographs of ffaema- 
physalis punctata : larva, nymph, £ 9 > details in the structure of the 
mouth parts, microscopic sections. Many of these served to illustrate 
the paper read by Nuttall, Cooper, and Smedley (1905), which was published 
without figures.] 

see Nuttall, G. H. F. 

Cooper, W. F., and Laws, H. E. (5. V. 1913), The Tick-killing properties of Sodium 

Arsenate. Agric. Joum. Union of S. Africa, v. 716-721. Rev. in Rev. Applied 

Entomol., i. ser. B, 133. 
Cotton, E. C, and Voorhees, J. F. (1911). The cattle tick as affected by climate. 

Tennessee Agric. Exp. Sta. Bull. 94, 119-164, 42 Figs. 
Couvy, L., see Marchoux, E. 
Coward, T. A. (1907), Species of British Ticks recorded by Chas. Oldham, Esq., 

Kelvin, Berkhamsted. Proe. Zool. Soc, London, 1907, p. 323. (Haemaphysalis 

punctata on a plover and Ixodes vespertilionis on bat. I 

6 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea. II csodod 

Csokor (1894), Die muschelformige Saumzecke {Argas reflexus). Wiener Land- 

wirtsch. Zeitwig, No. 3. Wien. (Cited by Metz, 101 L.) 
Cunliffe, N. (1913), The variability of Rhipicephalui putcheUus (Geratacker, 

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(1914a\ Rhipicephalus sanguineus: Variation in size and structure due to 

nutrition. Parasitology, vi. 372-378, 4 Text-figs. 

(1904b) Observations on Argas brumpti Neumann, 1907. Parasitology, vi. 

370-381, 1 Text-fig. 

see Hindle, E. 

Curtice, C. (1896), The Cattle Tick {Boophilus bonis, Riley). Agric. Gaz., X. S. 
Wales, vn. 454-466, 3 Pis. (Reprinted from Bull. Texas Agric. Exper. Station, 
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(1900), How to kill Ticks. Eept. Comms. Agric. X. Carolina for 1900, 

pp. 101-103. 

(1901), Cattle Tick the carrier of Splenic fever. Rept. Comms. Agric. X. 

Carolina for 1900, pp. 68-71, 1 PI. 

(1912a), Progress and prospects of Tick eradication. U. S. Dcp't. Agric. Bur. 

Animal Industry, Washington, xxvu. 255-265. 

(1912b), Anthrax and Tick Fever. Amer. Veter. Review, XL. 601, 757. (Review 

in Centralbl. f. Bakt., 1012 (Referate), liii. 481-482. [Boophilus annulatus, 
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Darling, S. T. (1910), Panama Ticks. Journ. Econ. Entomol., m. 222 [short note]. 

Davidson, J., see Robinson, L. E. 

Davis, B. F-, and Petersen, W. F. (IV. 1911), Complement deviation in Rocky 

Mountain Spotted Fever. Journ. Infect. Diseases, vin. 330-338. 
Dawson, C. F- (X. 1902), Texas Cattle Fever and Salt-sick. Florida Agric. Experi- 
ment Station, Dept. Veter. Sci., Bull. No. 64, 524-550, 1 PI. (2 Figs.). l)e Land, 

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etc.] 
Dieffenbach ( ), Corpora aliena in corpore humano. Rusts Magazine. [Cited 

by Hagen, x., 1887, p. 124, as reporting strange cases of ticks, etc., in the 

human ear.] 
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the year 1011. Journ. Econ. Entomol., v. 268-285. [Ticks and disease, 31 

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(II. 1914), Disease-bearing Insects in Samoa. Hull. Entomol. Research, London, 

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vol. ii. (v. 1014), pp. 82-83. [Dogs infested with /.'. sanguineus.] 
Dodd, S. (HI. 1910), Spirochaetosis of Fowls in Queensland, ./num. Compar. Pathol. 

and Therap., xxm. 1-16. [Transmission of disease by inoculation and by 

Argas persicus, description of symptoms, etc. .1. persicus, when starved, 

remained infective seven months.] 

7 






Bibliography <>f the Txodoidea. II dod-dut 

Dodd, S, (1910), Spirochaetosis in fowls in Queensland. Journ. Comp. Pathol, and 

T/ierap., 1-17. (Cited by Ilauer, 1912, p. 495.) 

(VI. 1910), Piroplasmosis of Cattle in Queensland. Journ. Com/par. Pathol. 

and Therap., xxiii. 141-159. [Boopltil us australii transmits Piroplasma bige- 
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Donitz, W. 1906a), Zecken als Krankheitsiibertniger. Ber. Senchenberg. X">. Ges. 
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(1906b), Die Zecken unserer Haustiere als Krankheitsiibertrager. Verdhandl. 

d, devtsch. Kolonialkongr. (1905), Berlin, 275 2*4. 

Ddrdelmann (1906), Die Taubenzecke. Zeitschr. f. Brieftanbi-uk-unde, Hannover, 
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Downing, J. E., see Thompson, W. 

Drake-Brockman, R. E. (6 and 16. IV. 1913), Ticks and Relapsing Fever in Somali- 
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(XI. 1913), On the Occurrence of an Epidemic of Relapsing Fever in Bulhar, 

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of floors of native huts and thereabouts. Said to be common in coast towns ; 
called "Kudkudeh" or "Kudkuda" (all other ticks called "Shillin"). Bites 
irritate; scratching produces infection and ulceration. A. persicus common in 
huts of those keeping fowls. Dozens of larvae on every fowl examined. Somalis 
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duttoni has been imported.] 

Dschunkovsky, E. (1912), Persian Relapsing fever (Miana). Med. Obozr., Moskow, 
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(1913), Das Riickfallfieber in Persien. Deutsche med. Wochensehr., xxxix. 419. 

■ ■ (27. II. 1913), Das Riickfallfieber in Persien. Deutsche med. Wochensehr., 419- 

420, 2 Figs. 
Dschunkovsky, E., and Luhs, J. (IX. 1909), I. Entwickelungsformen von Piro- 
plasmen in Zecken. II. Leishmania beim Hunde in Transkaukasien. II. Zur 
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develop in R. sanguineus and P. ovis develops in R. bursa.] 

(IX. 1909a), Protozoenkrankheiten des Blutes der Haustiere in Transkaukasien. 

IXth Internat. tierarztl. Kongress im Haag, ix. 1909, 19 pp., 2 Pis., reprint. 
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A. S. Hirst. All of the authors' ticks have since been examined by Nuttall and 
Warburton.] 

Duges, A. (1903), [Las Garrapatas de Mexico]. Mem. Soc. dent. Ant. M.ate Mexico, 
xvni. 187-194, 35 Figs. 

Dutton, J. E., Todd, J. L., and Hanington, J. W. B. (1907), Trypanosome trans- 
mission experiments. Ann. Trop. Med. and Parasitol., I. 201-229. [Ticks, 
pp. 215-216, infection experiments with 0. moubata and T. gambiense — negative.] 

Dutton, J. E., see Newstead, R. 

8 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea. II eat— gag 

Eaton, E. M. (1913), A case of tick-bite followed by widespread transitory muscular 
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Eaton, Cleland and others (16. VI. 1913), Tick-bite. Jovm. Tr»p. M.,l. a„,I Ihtg., 
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see Graybill, H. W. 

Eysell, A. (IV. 1912), Beitrage zur Biologie der Zecken. Archie f. Schiffs- und 
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No. 1,509, pp. 254-261, 4 Figs. {Argas persicus.) 
Frohner, E., see Friedberger, F. 
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iv. and v. [Cited by Bonnet, A. (1907), p. 164.] 

Gager, S. H. (1910), A preliminary check list of the parasites of Indian domes! icated 

animals. Joum. Trop. Veter. Sci., Calcutta, v. 65-71. [P. 69, Ticks listed 
determinations doubtful.] 

N. ii. 9 2 



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Galli-Valerio, B. (1908), Le role des artbropodes dans la dissemination dee 
maladies. Centralbl. f. Bakteriol., xi.i. 353 360. 

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ditto. Ticks determined by L. G. Neumann.] 

(1911), Recherches sur la spirochetiase des poules de Tunisie et sur son agent 

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1 Abt., Orig., lxi. 529-538. 

(1912), Notes de Parasitologic Centralbl./. Bakt., 1 Abt., Orig., lxv. 304-310. 

[Ticks : p. 310, biology of Ixodes ricinus, effect of humidity on hatching of eggs, 
12 lines.] 

(1914), Recherches sur la spirochetiase des poules de Tunisie et sur son agent 

de transmission : Argas persicus Fischer. 3 e memoire. Centralbl. f. Bakt., 
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Gamble, M. (15. V. 1914), A list of Blood-sucking Arthropods from the Lower 

Congo, with a Vocabulary. Journ. Trop. Med. and Hyg., xvn. 148-150. 

[P. 149 lists 0. moubata and known spp. of Ixodidae det. by Nuttall and 

Warburton ; gives native names.] 
Garden (1912), East Coast Fever in Nyasaland. Ann. Rept. Dept. Agric, Nyasaland, 

1912, pp. 31-36. Rev. in Rev. Applied Entomol., I., ser. B, 52-53. 
Gedoelst (1911), Synopsis de Parasitologic [Ticks mentioned on pp. 145-155. 

Reference supplied by J. C. Huber.] 
Gen6\ G. (1844), Sulla generazione degli issodi. Atti Riunione Sci. Ital., Milan, 

367-369. Also abstract in Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist., xviil, 1846, No. 118, 

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reprint. [Lists Fea's collections ; species named by Supino : Dermacentor feae, 

D. longipes, D. auratus, D. indicus; Haemaphysalis birmaniae, H. hystricis; 

Opisthodon canestrinii, 0. asiaticus, 0. gestroi ; Ixodes testudinis, I. birmanensis, 

I. varanensis, I. bengalensis, I. gramdatus, I. globulosus ; Rhipicephalus java- 

nensis, R.flavtis, R. bhamensis, R. haemaphysaloides.] 
Gilruth, J. A. (VIII. 1910), Note on the existence of spirochaetosis affecting fowls in 

Victoria. Proc. Roy. Soc, Victoria, xxm. n.s., pt. I. 102-104. [Argas persicus 

associated with fowl spirochaetosis.] 
(X. 1912), The introduction and spread of the cattle tick (Boophi/"* annidaha 

var. microplus) and of the associated disease, tick fever (Babesiasis), in Australia. 

10 2-2 



Bibliography of the lx<><l<>Ulea. 11 gol— gre 

Proc. Roy. Soc, Victoria, xxv, n.s., [it. i. 17 22 j reprinted in Queensland 

Agric. Journ., 351-357 ; to bo continued. 
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verwandten Gliedertiere, an un'iillich ah Km idlieits-Erreger vmd Krankhei 

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examination for, and life-history. Veterinary Journ., lxix. 112, 170, 22 I. 
Gray, C. E., see Theiler, A. 
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U. S. Dep't Agricult., Bur. Animal Industry, Washington, Bull. 130, 42 pp., 

3 Figs. 

(30. VII. 1912), Methods of exterminating the Texas-fever tick. U. S. Dep't 

Agricult., Farmers' Bull. No. 498, Washington, 42 pp., 19 Figs. 

(1913), The action of arsenical dips in protecting cattle from infestation with 

ticks. Washington : Government Printing Office. 27 pp., 8°. 

(15. IV. 1913), The action of arsenical clips in protecting cattle from infestation 

with ticks. U. S. Dep't of Agricult., Bureau of Animal Industry. Washington, 
D. C, Bulletin 167, 27 pp. 

see Ransom, B. H. 

Graybill, H. W., and Ellenberger, W. P. (11. xn. 1911). Directions for constructing 
a vat and dipping cattle to destroy ticks. U. S. Dep't Agric. Bun"// Animal 
Industry, Circular No. 183. Washington, D.C. : Gov't Printing Office. 15 pp., 
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Graybill, H. W., and Lewallen, W. M. (9. IX. 1912), Studies on the biology of the 
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Greenway, H. G. (VII. 1907), Fever caused by Tampans. Transvaal Agric. Journ., 
Pretoria, v. 1029-1030. [Letter to the Editor from Zaagkuilsdrift, Piennars 
River. The author camped in a "nice clean-looking native hut" on the route 
to " Klopper Pan" ; his party slept on the floor, and were severely bitten by 
tampans, which were found next day in such numbers in their kits that the 
latter were put into the river for seven days to get rid of them. After two < lays 
unbearable irritation of the skin, followed by big red blotches all over the body ; 
on the fifth day, much swelling and lassitude ; on the eighth day, fever, repeated 
every seventy hours for six weeks (102°-103'5° F.). The natives of the party 
escaped effects ; an English companion suffered similarly, whilst a Boer was 
only ill and badly swollen and marked for about 16 days.] 

Greffier (1911), Quelques considerations sur des parasites phtiriasiques et acaria- 
siques provoquant chez leur hote un titat de maigreur ou de cachexie motivant 
la saisie. L'Bygiene d. 1. Viande et du Lait, v. 65. Rev. in Centralbl. f. Bakt., 
1912, li. (Referate), 567-568. [Mentions Argas reflexus, occurrence on 
pigeons.] 

Greig-Smith, R., and Meek, A. (1897), Investigations into the Cause of Louping 
111. Veterinarian, lxx. 249-262, 1 PI. [Supposed transmission by ticks.] 

Greig-Smith, R., see Meek, A. 

11 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea. II gue— hal 

Giiell, A. R. (1913), El bafio de immersion para el exterminio de la garrapata. 

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Hadley, P. H. (29. X. 1909), Notes on the parasitism of Cytodictes nudus and 
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Hadlington, J. (IV. 1914), The Fowl Tick. Agric. Gaz., N. S. Wales, Sydney, 
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Hadwen, S. (1910), Note on the finding of Haemaphysalis punctata at Winnipeg, 
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(1912), The life-history of Ixodes angustus (Banks). Proc. Brit. Columbia 

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Hadwen, S., and Nuttall, G. H. F. (X. 1913), Experimental "Tick Paralysis" in 
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Hagen, H. A. (X. 1887), A living Ixodes said to have been four months in the ear of 
Man. Entomologica Americana, Brooklyn, N. Y., in. 124-125. [Tick removed 
alive from the ear of a man from a cattle ranch in Arizona. The tick measured 
12x6 mm., and moulted about a month after removal. It must have been 
Omithodorus megnini.] 

Hall, M. C. (1912), Our present knowledge of the distribution and importance of 
some parasitic diseases of sheep and cattle in the United States. 27^ Ann. 
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anmdatus ? , replete ; photograph), 424-428. Very brief account of piro- 

12 



Bibliography of tin- Ixodoidea. II ham -hir 

plasmosis in cattle; Fig. 4r>, /'. bovis (not original); Fig. 16, map 'jiving 
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Surv., Circular 82, pp. 24, 12 Figs. 
Herring, L. T. (III. 1911), Texas Tick Fever and Brahma Cattle. American Veter. 

Rev., N. Y., 1910-11, xxxviii. 756-761. Abstract in Journ. Trop. Veter. Set., 

Calcutta, vii. 135-136. [States pure breed and Brahma crossed with native 

cattle are less liable to tick infestation than native cattle, although they are 

susceptible to piroplasniosis in Texas.] 
Hibbard, R. P., and Neal, D. C. (XI. 1911), Some observations on the blood of dairy 

cows in tick-infested regions. Journ. Infect. Diseases, ix. 324-342. [2\ > mention 

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2 Maps and 1 Chart. [A short summary. Brief mention of 0. moubata and 
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not after fourteen days, in the gut of A. persicus at 22-28° C. The virus does 
not traverse the gut wall of the tick. The tick not a host for the parasite, and 
incapable of conveying the disease.] 

see Nuttall, G. R F. 

Hindle, E., and Cunliffe, N. (13. I. 1914), Regeneration in Argas persicus. /'or<>- 

sitology, vi. 353-371, 4 Figs. 
Hindle, E., and Merriman, G. (1912), The sensory perceptions of Argas persicus 

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Hirst, S. (VI. 1914), Report on the Arachnida and Myriapoda collected by the 

13 



Bibliography of the Ixo(h>'t<l<<<. II hoo— JEN 

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Hutyra, F. and Marek, J. (1909). Spez. Pathol, u. Ther. d. Haustiere. Jena : 
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Jennings, A. H. (1912), Some notes on the tick Ornithodorus talaje Guerin. Proc. 
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14 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea. II jun knu 

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King, W. V., see Bishopp, F. C. 

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15 



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16 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea. II law— llo 

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N. II. 17 ^ 



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19 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea. II meg— mul 

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21 






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mission of East Coast Fever. Parasitology, vi. 321 332. [Rhipicepkalus 
appendiculatus experiments.] 

Nuttall, G. H. F., Robinson, L. E-, and Cooper, W. F. (Vii. 1911), Bibliography of 
tke Ixodoidea, pp. vi + 68. [2004 titles of publications dealing with ticks and 
their relation to disease].; in Nuttall, Warburton, Cooper and Robinson: Ticks. 
A Monograph of the Ixodoidea. Cambridge University Press. 

Nuttall, G. H. F., and Warburton, C. (V. 1911), Ixodoidae Section I. Classification. 
Section II. The Genes Ixodes, pp. xix + 34s. i plates, L93 text-figs., including 
two Appendices by Nuttall and Merriman ; in Nuttall, Warburton, < looper and 
Robinson: Ticks. A Monograph of tke Ixodoidea. Cambridge University Press. 

0'Farrell, W. R. (1913), Preliminary note on a new Flagellate, Critkidia kyalommae 
sp. nov. found in the tick, Hyalomma aegyptium (Linnaeus, 1758). Journ. Trop. 
Med., xvi. 245. 

(XII. 1913), Hereditary Infection, with special reference to its occurrence in 

Hyalomma aegyptium infected with Critkidia kyalommae. Ann. Trop. M I. 
and Parasitol., vii. 545-562, Pis. XXXV1II-X I.. 

23 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea. II old -pix 

Old, J. E. S. (15. I. 1909k Contribution to the study of trypanosomiasis and to the 
geographical distribution of some of the blood-sucking insects, etc. Journ. 
Trop. Med. and Hyg., London, xn., l"> 22; reprinted in Journ. Trop, Veter. Sci., 
Calcutta, iv. 395-416. [Pp. 411-415 relate to ticks found by tin- author in 
Nyasaland, tin' same having been examined by Nuttall and Warburton.] 

Olivier. E. (1908', Une invasion d'Argas reflexus. Bull. Soc. entomol. France, 1 908, 
238. 

Oudemans, A. C. (1910a), Over Acarina. Tijdsckr. Entomol., i hi. 62 64. Hud: 
mentary stigmata in larvae of /.,;></;</.■ 

(1910b), Acarologische Aanteekningen, xxxiv. Zijn Argasidae jonger of 

ouder dan Ixodidael Entomol. Berichten, in. 103 L09. 

(1910c), A short survey of the more important Families of Acari. /!"/' '. Entomol. 

Res., I., 105-119, 22 Figs. [Pp. 106-108, brief mention of ticks, with two poor 
figures of Rhipieephalus sunn a I inns $> and Ornitkodorus moubata V respectively.] 

Pagenstecher Q859 1862), Ueber Argas reflexus, Verhandl. </. naturhut. mnl. 

Vereins zu Heidelberg, II. 122. (Cit. Metz, 1911, bibl.) 
Pavesi, P. (1883\ Considerazioni sull' acarofauna dell' Abissinia. Rendiconti del 

R. Institute Lombardo, ser. n., xvi., fasc. ix., reprint, 5 pp. 
Pease, H. T. (X. 1908^, Spirochaetosis in Fowls due to the Fowl Tick [Argas 

persicus). Agric. Journ. of India, in. (pt. iv.), 309-322, Text-tigs. 4-7. 
Pakes, W. C. C. (1912), The Science of Hygiene. A Text-book of Laboratory 

Practice for Public Health Students. New Edition, revised by A. T. Nankivell, 

M.D., D.P.H. Methuen & Co. Ltd., London. 164 pp., 80 Figs., 20 x 13 cm. 

[P. 141, Ticks referred to in 14 lines, an incredibly had figure supposed to 

represent Ixodes ricinus. Grave misstatements.] 
Panzer ( ), DeutsehhtmU Insekten, Krostazeen und Arachnoideen. Fortsetzung, 

Heft 189, No. 1. [According to Metz, 1911, p. 2, contains the first reference in 

German literature to Argas reflexus, which had been stated to occur only in 

France and Italy.] 
Pentz, J. F. (19101 Ticks and Stock Diseases. Agric. Journ. Gape of Good Hope, 

xxxvi. 475-477. 
Petersen, W. F., see Davis, B. F. 
Pettit, A., see Laveran, A. 
Phillips, J. M., and McCampbell, E. F. (1908), Infectious Jaundice due to Piro- 

plasma commune. Centralbl. f. Baht., 1. Abt., Orig., xlvii. 592-608, 1 PI., 4 Fi 

1 Chart. [? Pseudoparasites — negative "transmission experiments" with 

Dermacentor occidentalis and fleas.] 
Pickard-Cambridge, 0. (1876), On a new Order and some new Genera of Arachnida 

from Kerguelen's Island. Family Irodides. Proc. Zool. Soc. Loud., pp. 26<», 

261, Fig. 1. 

(VI. 1885), A contribution towards the knowledge of the Arachnida of Epping 

Forest. Trans. Essex Field Club, iv., pt. 1, pp. 41-49. [Records Ixodes ricinus 
on bushes and trees, p. 45.] 

Piot Bey, J. B. (1914), Maladies transmises par lea Tiques. .\'//i Tnternat. 

Veterinary Congress, London. Reprint 7 pp. [issued in advance of Congress]. 
Pixell, H. L. M. (1913), Notes on Toxoplasma gondii. Proc. Roy. Soc, London, 

lxxxvii., s. B, 67-77, 1 PI. 

24 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea. II poc ren 

Pocock, R. T. (1911), "Ticks"' in Encyd. Britannica, 11th ed., v.l. xxvi , pp. 936 
937, 1 Fig. [Short account of ticks containing some erroneous statements, i.e. 
that the hypostorue is used for piercing the .skin of the host ; moubata is 
misspelt monbata ; Argas persicusis stated to have been carried from Europe (!) 
to S. Africa ; Dermacentor reticulatus is stated to transmit canine piroplasmosis 
and possibly Rocky Mountain Fever; heartwater and piroplasmosis in slieep 
are confused ; ricinus is misspelt vicinus. The inaccurate, figure of llyalomma 
aegyptium $ is copied from Savigny (1826 !).] 

Poisot, see Balzer. 

Pons, C, see Rodhain, J. 

Power, W. M., see Theiler, A. 

Price, T. M., see Melvin, A. D. 

Prowazek, v. (1906), Morphologische und entwicklungsgeschichtliche Ontersuch- 
ungen iiber Hiihnerspirochaten. Arb. a. d. Kais. Gesundheitsamte, win. 554. 

R. (? 1914), Os carrapatos sob ponto de vista agricola. (Ticks from the agricultural 
point of view.) Chacaras e Quintaes, S. Paulo, vn. 43-48, 2 Figs. Rev. in 
Review of Applied Entomology, vol. II., ser. B (iv. 1914), p. 57. [Rhipicephal«< 
sanguineus and Boophilus unaulatus in Brazil ; bovine piroplasmosis and trypan- 
blue treatment.] 

Rainbow, W. J. (1906), A synopsis of Australian Acarina. Records of the A ustralian 
Museum, vi. 145-193. [Pp. 163-171. Ixodoidea occurring in Australia are 
listed together with their hosts. Listed are Argas reflexus, A. persicus, Ilaemn- 
physalis papuana, H. leachi, IT. longicornis Xn., Boophilus annulatus, B. 
australis, Ixodes ornithorhynchi, I. tasmani, I. holocyclus, Aponomma trimacu- 
latum, Ap. decorosum, Ap. hydrosauri, Ap. concolor, A p. ecinctwm, Amblyomma 
triguttatum, A. limbatum, A. postoculatum, A. moreliae. Mostly taken from 
Neumann.] 

Ransom, B. H., and G-raybill, H. W. (1912a), Investigations relative to arsenical 
dips as remedies for cattle ticks. U. S. Dep't Agricult., Bur. Animal Industry, 
Washington, D.C., Bull. 144, 65 pp., 6 Pis., 1 Fig., reprint. 

(1912 b) The use of arsenical dips in tick eradication. TJ\ S. Dep'l Agric., 

Bur. Anim. Industry, Washington, D.C., 267-284, 7 Pis. 

Rawson, L. (1899), The Poultry Bug or Tick (Austral. Tropicult.). Queensland 
Agric. Journ., IV., 355-356, 443-445. 

Raymondaud (1886), Sur Vlxodes, parasite peu connu de l'homme. Congr. /» Hod. 
intemat. d. sc. me'd. Compt. -rend., Copenhagen (1884), I., Sect, de path, gen., el 
48-64. 

Reiber (1882), Note sur 1. zool. d. 1. cathedr. de Strasbourg. Bull. Soc. II. N. 
Colmar, 22 and 23, pp. 215. 

Reichert (1910), Ueber Linimente (Kreolin ; Kresol-, und Wiener Teerliniment, "/<</ 
deren Hinische Bedeutung. Iuaug. Dissert. Giessen. [Cited by Mete, 1911, 
p. 16, as having apparently been the first to test insecticides on Argas reflex><. 
but only mentions it incidentally.] 

Relation (1890) of Ticks to Texas Cattle Fever. Report Secretary of Agriculture, 
Washington, D.C., 107-1 10. 

Rengarten (IV. 1895), [Reisebericht iiber Argas persicus.] X' he Dbrpt'sche Zeitung, 
Dorpat. [Cited by Kobert, q.r.] 

N. ii. 25 -I 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea. II rep— ruc 

Report l. VII. 1913, of the Tasmanian Agricultural and Stock Department. II" 1 ' 
Tasmania, p. 14. Rev. in Rev. Applied Entomol., n., ser. I'., I. 

Ribaga, C. (1902), Acari sudamericani. Zool. Am., \.\\. 502 508. [Amblyomma 
neumanni n. sp.] 

Ricketts, H. T. (1911a), The transmission of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever by tin- 
bite of the Wood Tick, Dermacentor occidentals. In Contributions to Medical 
Science, Chicago, 288-2! to. 

(1911b), Further observations on Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever and Derma- 
centor occidentalis. In Contributions to Medi<-,d Science, Chicago, 291 298. 

(1911 c), Observations on the virus and means of transmission of Rocky Mountain 

Spotted Fever. In Contributions to Medical Science, Chicago, 299 311. 

(1911d), The role of the Wood Tick (Dermacentor occidentalis in Rocky 

Mountain Spotted Fever, and the susceptibility of local animals to this 
disease. In Contributions to Medical Science, Chicago, 312-323. 

(I911e), Further experiments with the Wood Tick in relation to Rocky Moun- 
tain Spotted Fever. In Contributions to Medical Science, Chicago, 32 1 332. 

(1911 f) A summary of investigations of the nature and means of trans- 
mission of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. In Contributions to Medical 
Science, Chicago, 333-342. 

Ricketts, H. T., and Wilder, R. M. (1910), The relation of Typhus Fever Tabar- 
dillo) to Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. Arch. Internal Med., v. 361-370, 

Robertson, W. (1902), Heartwater in Sheep and Goats, Agric. Journ. C"pe of Good 
Hope, XXI. 315-335. 

Robinson, L. E. (XII. 1911), New species of Ticks (Haemaphysalis, Amblyomma . 
Parasitology, iv. 478-484, 4 Text-figs. [Description of Haemaphysalis silacea 
n. sp. <$ $ ; Amblyomma variegatum var. nocens n. var. £ ; and A. fiebrigi 
n. sp. S ? •] 

see Nuttall, G. H. F. 

Robinson, L. E., and Davidson, J. (17. rv. 1913), The Anatomy of Argas persicus 
(Oken, 1818). Part I. Parasitology, vi. 20-48, Pis. I-VI, 31 tigs., 2 text- 
tigs. [Introduction, pp. 20-24; External Anatomy, pp. 24-45.] 

(13. X. 1913), The Anatomy of Argas persicus (Oken, 1818). Pari 1 1. Para- 
sitology, vi. 217-256, Pis. XIV-XVII (2 coloured), 17 figs., 8 text-figs. 
[Technique, pp. 217-220; Integument, pp. 220-222; Alimentary Canal, pp. 
222-241; Blood Vascular System, pp. 241-245; Respiratory System, pp. 
245-250 ; Excretory System, pp. 250-252.] 

(31. 1. 1914), The Anatomy of Argas persicus (Oken, 1818). Part III. Para- 
sitology, VI. 382-424, Pis. XXV-XXVIII (1 coloured), 19 figs., 8 text-fi 
[Muscular System, 382-394 ; Nervous System, 394-402 ; GenitalOr-^n-. H 12 120.] 

Rodhain, J., Pons, C, Van den Branden, F., and Bequeart, J. 1913 . Rapport tur 
les travaux de la mission scientifique die Katanga (Oct., 1910 Sept., 1:02. 
Bruxelles : Hayez. [Pp. 7-27 ; relates to relapsing fever ; refers to geographical 
distribution of Ornithodorus moubata; notes a few fresh localities along Lualaba 
R. and Katanga district of S. Congo.] 

Rucker, W. C. (6. IX. 1912), Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. U. S. Public Health 
Reports, xxvn., No. 36, reprint, 21 pp. [History, distribution, symptoms, 
pathology, etc.; Dermacentor andersoni Stiles 1905 description, biology, pro- 
phylaxis. A good bibliography !] 

26 4—2 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea. II sac— sim 

Saceghem, R. van (in. 1914 1 , Les Tiques. Les maladies qu'elles transmettenl ; 

le.s moyens de les detruire. Bull. Agric. du Congo Beige, \. 7.''. 87. Rev. in 

Rev. of Applied Entomol. s. B, Med. and Veter., n. 111-115. (A historical 

review; species listed of Amblyomma, Boophilus, Haemaphysalis, Rhipi- 

cephalus ; tick eradication.] 
Saikovitsch, J. W. 1 1911), Ueber Rinderpiroplasmose im Rjasanschen Gouven 

ment. Vestnik obsch. Veterinarii, No. -l (Russian), 4-line review in Zeitschr. 

f. Immunit'dtsforsch. II. Teil, vol. iv. p. 135, states piroplasmosis occurs in this 

part of Russia, being transmitted by /. ricinus. 
Salmon, D. E. (1910), Should we discard " Boophilus" for " Margaropus" \ Arm 

Vet. Review, New York, xxxvni. 230-232. 
Samson, K. (1910), Zecken als Krankheitsubertrager. Nat. Wockenschr., XXV. 

721-725, 3 Figs. 
Sant' Anna, J. F. (VI. 1911), On a disease in man following tick-bites and occurring 

in Lourenco Marques. Parasitology, IV. 87-88. [Effects due to bites of larvae 

of Amblyomma hebraeum and Rhipicephalus simus.] 
Schellack, C. (1909a), Ubertragungsversuche der Spirochaete gallinarum durch 

Argas reflexus Fabr. Gentralbl. f. Bakt., xlvi. 1 Abt. Originate, 486-488. 

Rev. in Arch. f. Schifs- >i. Tropen-Hyg., xm. 161. 
(1909b), Versuche zur Ubertragung von Spirochaeta gallinarum uud Spiro- 

chaeta obermeieri. Arb. a. d. Kais. Gesundheitsamte, xxx. 351. Rev. in 

Arch. f. Schifs- u. Tropen-Hyg., xiv. 388. 
Schroeder, E. C. (1907), Notes on the cattle tick and Texas fever. 23md Ann. 

Rep. Bur. Anim. Indust., U. S. Dept. Agric, pp. 49-50. 
Schuberg, A., and Boing (1913), Ueber den Weg der Infektion bei Trypano- 

somen- und Spirochatenerkrankungen. Deutsche med. Wockenschr., XXXIX. 

877-879. Rev. in Gentralbl. f. BakterioL, lvii. Referate, Beihefte, 226-230. 
Schuckmann, W. von (1913). "Die schmarotzenden Gliederfiissler," in Handb. d. 

Hygiene, herausg. v. M. Rubner, M. v. Gruber and M. Ficker. Leipzig : 

S. Hirzel. Vol. m. pp. 342-370. [Ticks : pp. 352-359, Figs. 181, 182, PI. 

XXXII. Nothing original, figures poor and antiquated.] 
Schiitz, W. (1905), Ueber die Pyrosomenkrankheiten der Rinder. Arch. uriu. 

prakt. Tierk., xxxi. 317-329. [Transmission by Ixodes.] 
Sergent, E. (1909), Determination des insectes piqueurs et suceurs de sang. 

298 pp., 229 Figs. Paris: Octave Doin et Fils. [Ticks: pp. 3-21, Figs. 

1-24, condensed account taken mostly from L. G. Neumann ; nothing 

original.] 
Simond, A., and Noc (1909), Sur l'existence de la spirillose des poules a la 

Martinique. Compt. rend. Soc. de Biol, 714-716. [Spirocbaetosis occurs 

especially in May to Dec. in fowls, associated with Argas persicus.] 
Simpson, J. J. (1911), Entomological Research. in British Wesl Africa, I. Gambia. 

Bull. Entomol. Res., n. (1911-12), 187-240, 14 Text-Figs., and map. [Ticks: 

List of species encountered, p. 218; native names, p. 219; instructions for 

collecting ticks, pp. 232-234.] 
(1912a), Entomological Research in British West Africa. II. Northern Nigeria. 

Bull. Entomol. Res., II. (1911-12), 301-356, Pis. VII-XV1 and map. [Ticks : 

List of species encountered, pp. 322, 328, 346 ; piroplasmosis (canine), 

p. 354.] 

^7 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea. II sim— suw 

Simpson,J.J. (1912b , Entomological Research in British Weal Africa. [II.Soul 
Nigeria. Evil. Entomol. Res., in. L37 L94, Pis. II V. [Ticks Occasional 
mention of occurrence, and list of species in Records of Blood-tucking I 
and other Arthropoda from Southern Nigeria, p. 185.] 

(XI. 1913), Entomological Researches in British Wesl Africa. IV. Sierra 

Leone. (With a map showing the distribution of Glossina and Sleeping 
Sickness, and 10 photographs by the author.) Hull. Entomol. Res., iv. Pari 1 1 1. 
151-190, Pis. XVIII-XXII, and map. [Pp. 184, L85: Lis! of Bpeciee of ticks 
found, with native names, j 

(IV. 1914), Entomological Research in liritish West Africa. V. Gold 



Coast. Bull. Entomol. Res., v. pp. 1-36, Pis. 1 IV. [P. 30 : list., ticks found 

on travels on behalf of Imperial Bureau of Entomol.] 
Sinclair, J. M. (22. vm. 1910>, Report of Committee of Enquiry on African Coast 

Fever, Southern Rhodesia. Rhodesia: Govt. Printing Office, Salisbury. 
Skinner, B. (24. VIII. 1907), Preliminary note upon ticks infesting pats suffering 

from plague. Brit. Med. Journ., II. 457. [Species of tick not stated ; found 

on Mus ratlus at Nowshera, N. W. Provinces of India.] 
Sluiter, C. P. and Swellengrebel, N. H. (1912), De dierlijke parasieten van den 

mensch en run onze huisdieren, 2 druk. Amsterdam : Scheltema & Bolkema. 

526 pp., 1 PL roy. 8°. 
Smallwood, W. M. (1913), A Text-Book of Biology. 285 pp., 13 Pis. ami 243 

illustrations. London : Bailliere, Tindall and Cox. [P>rief mention of ticks. 

Nothing original.] 
Smith, G. Elliot (1910), An address on the mechanism of infection in Tick fever 

and on the hereditary transmission of Spirochaeta duttoni in the tick. I.n, 

clxxviii. 11-14. 
Sobernheim ( ), Hiihnerspirochate (Spirochaete gallinarum). Handb.d.pathog. 

Mikroorgan., v. Kolle u. Wassermann. Erg.-Bd. i. 590-594. 
Stewart, J. L. (XII. 1908;, Clinical phases of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. 

Med. Sentinel, Portland, Oreg., U. S. A. 
Stiles, C W. (1911), Tick (Ixodoidea) Generic Names to be included in the "Official 

List of Zoological Names." Nature, London, lxxxviii. 42 ; also in Scit ■ • . N.S. 

xxxiv. 812 (1912). 
Stockman, S. (1908), Red-water in England and its Carriers. Journ. Comp. Pathol. 

and Therap., xxi. 225-232 ; also Veterinary Journ., i.xiv. 538-545. 
(31. III. 1909), Redwater. (In) Ann. Rep. Proceedings under " The /' uses of 

Animals Act" for 1908, pp. 12-17. 

(1911), "Ticks : The habits of British Ticks found on Sheep and Tattle" in 



Board of Agriculture and Fisheries, Annual Reports of Proceedings under the 

Diseases of Animals Acts, etc., for the year L910 London : Darling & Son . 

pp. 23-32. Also in Journ. Comp. Pathol, and Therapeutics, \.\iv. 229 -37. 

[Raising notes, etc., relating to Haemaphysalis cinnabarina var. punctata, brief 

mention of Ixodes ricinus.] 
Supino, F. (1897), Nuovi Ixodes della Birmania. Padova : Stab. P. Prospering 

Con 12 tavole. [Cited by Gestro, R., 1904, p. 32; also by Canestrini, 

1897.] 
Suworow, E. K. (1908), Ixodes reduvius, Eine anatomische Skizze. Trav. x 

Natural. St. Pe'tersbourg, Sect. Zool. et Physiol., xxxviu. 139-219 in Russian : 

28 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea. II swe the 

220-223, bibliography, partly in Russian ; 225 239 c lensed version in 

German; Pis. IV-V. 
Swellengrebel, N. H., see Sluiter, C. P. 

Taschenberg, 0. (1889), Bibliotheca zoologica (1860 1880), Ticks, n. 1273, L277 

[nothing new; reference supplied by J. C. Buber]. 
Taylor, F. H. (V. 1913), Report of Entomologist. Report for the Fear I'M 1 of the 

Australian Inst. Tropical Med., Townsville, 22 pp. :'. pis. Rev. in Rev. Appl 

Entomol., n. ser. B, 11-12. 
Temple, I. U. (read 24. vi. 1912), Acute Ascending Paralysis, or Tick Paralysis. 

Medical Sentinel, Portland, Oregon, U. S. A., ix. L912, 8 pp., reprint. 
Theiler, A. (1906), Transmission and inoculability of Spirillosis in Cattle. Journ. 

Trop. Veter. Sci., Calcutta, I. 421-431. [Abstract from Ann. Rep. Transvaal 

Dept. Agric] 

(1908), Weitere Versuche, das Ostkustenfieber durch Zecken zu iibertr 

Zeitschr. f. Infelctionskrankh. d. Haustiere, iv. 265-278. 

(1909), Quelques observations concernant la transmission du Piroplasma 

bigeminum par les tiques. Bull. Soc. Pathol., Exot., n. 3*4. Rev. in Arch.f. 
Schiffs- u. Tropen-Hyg., xiv. 787. 

(1910) Anaplasma marginale (gen. and spec. nova). Report Gov't V 

Bacteriologist, Pretoria, 1908-9, p. 7. Rev. in Centralbl. f. Bait., 1911, L. 
(Referate), pp. 10-11. [Boophihis decoloratus mentioned as "carrier."] 

(20. VII. 1911), Transmission of Amakebe by means of Rhipicephalu* appendi- 

culatus, the brown tick. Proc. Roy. Soc. London, lxxxiv. ser. B, 112-11"). 
["Amakebe" a native name for East Coast Fever in Uganda. Gorged nymphs 
of R. appendiadatus were taken from infected animals and sent to Theiler ; the 
adults which issued, infected calves at Pretoria. The brown tick the commi »nest 
in Uganda.] 

(1911a), Uber Zecken und die von denselben verbreiteten rZrankheiten der 

Haustiere Siid-Afrikas. Schweizer Archiv f. Tierheilk., Lin. 1. (Rev. in 
Centralbl. f. Bait., 1912, LI. (Referate), 498.) 

(1911b), Transmission of Amakebe by means of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus, 

the brown tick. Proc. Royal Soc. Bond., s. B, LXXXIV. 112-115; also Journ. 
Trop. Med., xiv. 275-276. 

(1911c), Some observations concerning the transmission of East < least Fever 

by Ticks. 1st Rept. Director Veter. Research, Pretoria, 208-223. 

(1911d), Diseases, Ticks, and their eradication. Agric. Journ. Union Smith 

Africa, I. 491-508, 4 Pis. 

(1911-12), The transmission of Gall Sickness by Ticks. Veterinary Record, 

London, xxiv. 630-633. 

(1912 a), Uebertragung der Anaplasmosis rnittels Zecken. Zeitschr. f. lnfek- 

tionskrankh. d. Haustiere, xn. 105-116. 

(1912b), Weitere Beobachtungen, betrcfiend die Uebertragung von Kiisten- 

fieber vermittelst Zecken. Zeitschr. f. Infeitionskrankh. d. Haush 
Berlin, xn. 26-42. 

(1912 c), Some observations concerning the Transmission of East Coast 

Fever by Ticks. Trans. R. Soc. South Africa, n. 319-338. 

(1913), Inquiry into Dips and Dipping in Natal. Agric. Journ. Union of 



29 



Bibliography of the Txodoidea. II the tut 

S. Africa, v. 51-67; v. 249 263: rev. in Rev. Applied Entomol., Ber. B, 

pp. 82-85. 
Theiler, A., Gray, C. E., and Power, W. M. 1914, Di ransmitted by 

Ticks: their Classification, Treatment and Eradication [followed by summari 

in French and German], Xth International Veterinary Congn London. 

Reprint 17 pp. [issued in advance of Congress]. 
Theobald, F. V. (1905), Flies and Ticks as agents in the distribution of d 

Nursing Times, London, I. 461, 483. 

(1906), Report on Economic Zoology for the Tear ending April I, 1906, 

pp. 12-13. [Sheep ticks.] 

Thompson, W. and Downing, J. E. (10. n. 1912, The livestock industry of 
Honduras. U. S. Dep't Agric, 21th Ann. Rep. Bur. Animal Industry for the 
Tear 1910, pp. 285-295, Pis. XXII-XXV, 1 map. [The authors sen! by U. S. 
Gov't to discover what stock disease's exist in Honduras. They report th 
Boophilus annulatus occurs throughout the country, causing ravages among 
cattle during dry season ; heavy mortality due to piroplasmosis occurs in im- 
ported non-immune cattle. Native cattle owners deny that the ticks 
infected, because native (immune) cattle are not noticeably affected this L-ing 
the same opinion as that expressed in Porto Rico some years ago. | 

Todd, J. L. (XII. 1912), Tick bite in British Columbia. Canadian Medical Assoc. 
Journ., II. 1118, repr. 2 pp. [Reports relating to effects of bites of ticks gpp. 
which reached author by correspondence; paralysis and sometimes (hath 
followed.] 

see Dutton, J. E. 

see Newstead, R. 

Tofohr, O. (1912), Blutlause und Zecken im Terrarium. Blatt. Aquar.-Terrar.-ltde, 

xxin, 418-421. 
Tonnel (1906a), Note sur VArgas reflexus. Echo me'd. du nord, Lille, .\. 340 342. 

(1906b), Semaine me'd., p. 552. [('it. by Galli-Valerio, i.\. '07, p. 191 

attributing the spread of furunculosis (due to Staphylococcus pyogenes aurt 
in a family to the bites of A. reflexus, the tick acting as a carrier. | 

Townsend, C H. T. (VI. 1913), The possible and probable etiology and transmission 
of Verruga fever. Journ. Boon. Entomol., vi., 211-225. 

(IX. 1913), Progress in the study of Verruga Transmission by Bloodsuckers. 

Bidl. Entomol. Res., iv. 125-128, Pis. X-XII. [Occurrence of " Ixodes lagotis 
Gervais " in the adult, nymphal and larval stages on the vizcacha Lagidium 
peruarum Meyer) in Peru. Ixodes spp. found on native rats in the higher 
Andean region and also on birds. Argasid larvae found on goat-sucker and 
ground owl, also Ornithodorus sp. in mud houses in Chachapoyas region, Peru. 
0. talaje occurs on sea-birds on guano islands and along Peruvian coast. 
Specimens of these ticks have been received by Professor Nuttall. Kxperiments 
with Verruga transmission negative.] 

Tullgren, A. (1901), On Ixodes arenicola Eichwald. Entom. Tidskr. Arg. \.\ii, 

102. [ = Hyalomma aegyptium.] 
Tuttle, T. D. (XII. 1908), Some indications for State control of Rocky Mountain 

Tick fever. Med. Sentinel, Portland, Oreg., U.S.A. 

(1910), Rocky Mountain Spotted (Tick) Fever. 5th Bien. Rept, I 

Health, Montana, 9-12. 

30 



Bibliography of the Ixodoidea. II uri wil 

Uribe Botero, A. (1906-7), El Argot reflexus, parasito del homl.ro. Rev. m 

Bogota, 200. 

Van den Branden. F., sec Rodhain. J. 

Verney, F. A. (1907), The influence of frost on tick life. Natal Agric. Journ. and 

Min. Rec, x. 1550-1552. 
Vinogradoff, A. A., see Yakimoff, W. L. 
Vladimiroff ( ), " Huhnerspirochate " in Kolle and Wassermann Eando.^ 

iv. 2. 
Voorhees, J. F., see Cotton, E. C. 

Warburton, C (12. III. 1912), Notes on the genus Rhipicephalus, with the descrip- 
tion of new species, and the consideration of some species hitherto described 
Parasitology, v. 1-20, 12 Figs., reprint. 

(XII. 1912), The Acarina of the Seychelles. Trans. Linnean Soc. London 

(2nd Ser. Zoology), xv. 349-360, Pis. XVII XIX. [Records Rhipkepkaliu 
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(1913), On four new species and two new varieties of the Ixodid Genus 



Haemaphysalis. Parasitology, VI. 121-130, 8 Figs. 

see Nuttall, G. H. F. 

Ward, H. B. (IV. 1913), Article "Arachnida" in Reference Handbook of Medical 
Sciences, New York: Win. Wood & Co., vol. 1. 502-516, 26 Figs. [Tick^ : 
pp. 510-515, Figs. 274-286 of which Fig. 286 of Amblyomma americanum is 
original but shows no details ( $ gorged).] 

Watkins-Pitchford, H. (1911a), An illustrated pamphlet on Tick-destruction and the 
eradication of East Coast Fever and other S. African diseases by dipping. 
Natal, Maritzburg, and Durban : P. Davis and Sons. 125 pp. 

(1911b), Dipping and Tick-destroying Agents. Agric. Journ. Union . s 

Africa, 11. 33-79, 2 Pis., 4 Figs. 

Weber, E. (1863), Argas reflexvs. 29. Jahresber. d. Mannheimer Vereine 1'. Natur- 
kunde, Mannheim. Pp. 28 et seq. [Cited by Metz, 1911, p. 2, as having 
observed A. reflexus in Mannheim. Allowed tick to bite his forearm : do effi 
produced.] 

Weiss, A. (1912), Addition an catalogue des arthropodes piqueurs de Djerba. Arch. 
de I'Institut Pasteur de Tunis, 1902, No. iv. 227. [Occurrence of Ornithodonu 
savignyi again recorded (see also Ibid. 1911, No. iv. 268 271 in Gelds ah 
Djerba, Tunisia, at base of olive trees near dwellings where cattle occasionally 
stay. Bites man readily. Also found about Ben-Gardane and "ii frontier of 
Tripoli in vn. 1912. It is called "Tobbiah" by indigenes of Tunisia who 
know it well.] 

Wenyon, C M. (X. 1911), Oriental Sore in Bagdad, together with observations "ii a 
gregarine in Stegomyia fasciata, the Haemogregarine of dogs and the flagellates 
of houseflies. Parasitology, iv. 273-344, Pis. XII-XVI, 36 Text-fi 
[Development of Haemogregarina canis in Rhipicephal u .< sanguim </.<.] 

Wienholt, A. (15 VT. 1909), The Tick trouble in Queensland. The Pastoralisfs 
Review..., 5-7. 

Wilder, R. M., see Ricketts, H. T. 

31 



Bibliography of th< Ixodoidea. II wol zie 

Wolbach, S. B. (1914), The distribution and morphology of Spirochaeta duttoni and 
Spirochaeta kochi in experimentally infected ticks Ornithodorus moubaia). 
Journ. bled. Research, xxx. 'M is, :i Pis. 

Wolffhiigel, K. 1911 , £o« Zoopardsitos <>>' los animates domesticoa en la Republica 
Argentina. [Ticks referred to <>n pp. 8] 83, s ">. Reference supplied bj J. C. 
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Wood, H. P. (1911 , Notes on the life-historj of the the tick parasite Hunterella 
hookeri Howard. Journ. Eeon. Entomol., iv. 125 131, PI. XIX, Figs. I 5. 
[Hymenopterous parasite occurring on Rhipicephalus sanguineus and Derma- 
centor parumapertus marginatus. Tlie author figures the insect and parasi- 
tized ticks.] 

(22. xi. 1913;, Experiments in the use of sheep in the eradication of the 

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Tick. U.S. Dept. Agric., Bull. No. 15, I I \>\>. 
Rev. in Rev. Applied Entomol., n. ser. B, 2-3. 

Wood, H. P., see Bishopp, F. C. ; see Hooker, W. A. 

Yakimoff, L. and Kohl-YakimoflF, N. (1911), Etude des txodidesde Russie. Arch. 
de Parasitol., Paris, xiv. 416-425, Figs. 1-4. [Enumerate known species and 

describe Rhipicephcdus rossicus n. sp., <$ and $ being figured.] 

(III. 1912), Sur la question des Ixodidesde Russie. Bull. Soc. Mid. Exotique, 

Paris, v. 194-195. [Reply to Nuttall, n. 1912, p. 120.] 

Yakimoff, W. L., Vinogradoff, A. A., and Kohl- Yakimoff (I. 1912, Argot 
persicus persicus Fischer-Waldheim en Russie d'Europe. Bull. Soc. Med. 
Exotique, Paris, v. 39-41. [Lists species of ticks found in Russia. Errors in 
this paper are pointed out by Nuttall, II. 1912, p. 120.] 

Yorke, W., see Kinghorn, A. 

Zabala, J., see Lignieres, J. 

Ziemann, H. (1905), Beitrag zur Verbreitung der blutsaugenden Tiere in W( 
Afrika. Arch. f. Schiffs- u. Tropen-Hyg., IX. 114-119. 

(I. 1912), Zur Verbreitung der blutsaugenden Tiere in Kamerun. Arch. f. 

Schiffs- u. Tropen-Hyg., xvi. 53-58, reprint. [Lists species of ticks found, and 
determined by Neumann.] 

(III. 1912), Zeckenlarven an Menschen in den Tropen. Archiv f. Schiffs- 

u. Tropen- Hygiene, XVI. 196. [Man often attacked by tick larvae in the 
tropics. Two cases briefly described where 30 and 200 larvae respec- 
tively attacked persons who had been in the bush. The larvae produced 
intolerable itching, the condition leading in one case to the wrong diagnosis "f 
Phthirius pubis infestation ; the tick larvae were not, however, confined to hairy 
parts of skin. Baths useless, rubbing skin all over with petroleum, or repeatedly 
dabbing the ticks with petroleum, promptly cured the condition by removing 
the ticks, of which the species was not determined. ] 



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