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I I 













Cutitif If ddaitf < : 




••■•••.•;:.:•;)';•} r fi» ''T.r- -.^ 








Printed by Ethoard Maeqmstatu 





O^ntem in jl^tationettf f^m. 

: I 

^j^tUmttifttg xittiifttititL 

4 S t 

• ' 

previous Tcnowliedge of tlie District op Cunning- 
HAMB^ ouring a residen66 of nine years, has enabled 
me to state its^ Topographical circuTnst«:nees with 
a consideraftte dbgre6 of confidence. This know- 
liedge has-been tendered still more complete, from 
having gone over the whple Jterritqry in the course of summer 
1819 for the vHpecial purpose of collecting ii}form^tiq^ on all tlie 
points under discussion.. 

TheEbr»iNT of the different Thoperties, arid of their com-- 
^ poifettt parts, hftfr beea obtained in most casles from Che Proprie- 
itofi tlMtoselv^s; iiftd iri' allJJfrbmi uriijuestionablfe authorities. 

* .III S * * ' '* ^ 

Though this has not been partictrlarly stated in ilfeetail, it bias been 
carefully collected, under the various heads, in distinct sums> 
Parish" by PaftsW"; arid as such, may be depended upon. 

In the more minute investigation of the Number^ op Acres, ' 
under THE DIFFERENT Gkops, I have been ably .assisted by intelli- 
gent individuals in each Parish.. The same mode of investiga- 
tion was adopted respecting the detaif of Live Stock. And tc 
render the whole as correct as possible, the accounts, in these 
i^espects, before being sent to the press, were submitted to the 
careful revisal of the same persons, and to other competent judges 
on the spot ; and to- their remarks and corrections every attention 
,bas been paid.. 



The Genealogical Accounts of the different Families) have 
i)een composed from sources of information furnished by them- 
/Selves, always referring to their Charters or other Title DeecU 
for verification. This rlias i>een ^ei^ecif^y the case with those 
families whose history is given for the first time* The account 
of those Families whose history has appeared before» has, m ad** 
dition, been cdlated with fogmop j publications by Crawfurd, 
Douglas, Nisbet, .^pd Wood, and with other works of acknow- 
Jedged authenticity. 

« • " • T 

The Statistical Notices respecting PoPULA^itwc, Sta*e,4f* 
Educations and State of the Pooii^ have be^n obtaincki from-i- 
the Ministers of the respective Parishes-— the different Teachers 
of Schools — ^and. the Records. of the :?4i*ii^Sessioti9» 

. * ' '' ^ '. ' 

'Lastly, I have to acknowledge with gratiti)de, that in the pro* 

gross of the work I have recdvfed much benefit. from the use of 

Books from different Libraries: more especially from the College 

pf Glasgow; from CpL Blair of Blairj ffroin Mr. Sqiith. of Swine- 

ridgemuir; from Mr. JDobie, Writer in Beith; from the late.lMbv 

Lauchlane in Irvine; bu^ perhaps, niQre tl]<»n. from all othen?* 

from the Library /It Eglinton Castle. 


BowEB-LoDGE, Sept. 2. 1820. 

« . » 


Topographical Description of Ayrshire — General Description of Cunifinghimi 
Etymologj-lCiimate — S<»l^-Surfisct—Hill$-<»-^ Waters — Lochs— Minerals«-«CodSi^ 
of Ardrossan<«-of Saltcoats — of Irvine*— Port of Ir?ine— Fisheiiet-^tate of Propeitf 
-^ize of Farms— Houses of Husbandmen — ^Eoclosuies— Implements— -Rotation of 
Crops^—Wheat^-p-Barley—Beans^^Peaa— -Tares— Oats— Potatoes— Turnip ■ Cisfwit^- 
Blax— QoTer and Rye Grass— Pastures— ^-Meadows— Weeds— Gardens Sc Qrcfcirft 
Woodlands — ^Ltve Stock — Horses— Co ws— Sheep— Swjne—Beefi^RatbitS' * ■ QMne 
^--Weights and Measures. From page 12 to 4it inclusire^ 


Ardrossan, - 

Dairy, - - 
Dunlop^ - 
Fenwick^ • 


Dunlop, - 

m., .^ Port of 
Kilbimie^ - « 

Aakets, Sundries, • ^ 
Alton, Wark, 
Annanhillf Dunlop, 
Annock^Iiodge, Montgomery, 
Ardeer, Warner, • 
Ardoch, Campbell, 
Ardneil, Oraufurd* - - 
Ardirossan, Earl of Eglinton, 
Armsheugh, Earl ef £gIintoD, 
Ashgrove,- Bowman» - •- 






Kilbride, - « 











Kilwinning, « 



Largs, - • . 




Loudoun, • . • 

^H m 







Stevarton, ... 



je( anD (Hiilagejer* 


KUbride,.- ... 




Kilmarnock, " - . « 




Kilmaurs, - • 




Kilwinning, . « 




LargSf ' -- 












Stevenston, • - 




Stewarton^ . • . 




Troon, port of, « 





» • 




Assloss, Parker, . 




Auchenhttvie, Sundries, 




, AuchinmiTdes, Sundries, 




Auchintibers,-— Kilwinning 




Do. Sfewarton, 




' Balgrays, in Besth pansb. 




^ Do. in Inrine, parish. 




'Baidlands,' Sundries, ^ 




Bar, in 'Largs parish. 




Bars, in Beith parish^ 





Barcraigs, Ritchi^ ,■ t\ 

BsirtonholiD) Fullartoni « 
Birket, Crawfordj - . . ^ 
Blackhouse, Campbell, 
Blacklaw, Sundries, 
Blackstone, L. J. Montgomcrie, 
Blais «fi^lAtr»^ 
BogjiaU; bollock, 
QjlgfM^t in InriM^v. -^ . » 
^[^o. i{i Beith pansb^ 

BoiichaA». JSuadrisa, ^ 
T\<Mirff>'rhilil^ Eaxl oi" EgluHon, 
Boyd, Barony of - . .. • 

Boydston, Alexander, 
Braid, Alexander, 
Bci4^ne, Brisbane, - ~ 
]BS|C)^ead>. Gilmpur, . - . 
&ftdlie, AndersoOj 
Apsfdlie, Montgomery, 
l^o^dstonei Sundries,. 
!l^kelmuir, Duncan, ^ - - 
%i>wnhiUf Craig, 
]^O0mhilI» Donald, »- - iv. 
^(^wnhills, Gilmour,. ^ 

Brownhills, Do. (net Shcddenj 
Brown-Muir> Craiirfordj ■ « 
ihouse, Biggart, 
iside, Lang,u 

rjrowland, Hyndmao^ 

?ty* R^tchle,^ 

rehill, Deans,^ . ^ • 

lei, Cunnigbame,. 
Oamskeithi^ Duk.e of Portland, 
Cirlung, Alexander, .. - 
Caroifli bank, Cunninghame^ « 
C^uldstream, Sundries, 
Chapeltons, Sundries, 
Qonbeith, L. M. Montgomery, 
Corsehill, Kilwinning, 

r^ehill Stewarton, • . ., « 
^ )rabie, Crawfurd, - " .- 
Jjraig, Morris, 

Cr^ighead^ Brown, « r 

Cpighouse, Montgomery^i 
"iraignau^tiGilmour^ t 

caigton, 7ameson» , . . ":. 
raxieberry-ndoss, BoyU^ 

Liifurdland, Craufurd^ 

•4 'i 


- 89 

Crevoch, Sundries, • 
Cnimmock, Wilson, - 
CuUiswray or Cutstraw, 
Cuff and Cowieland, Urquhart, 
OttBOiBghamhead, Snodgrass, 
Dalgarvexi, Suxidries, - 
Dalswraith, Sundries^ 
DarwhilUng, Mitchei, 
Biddop, Han^ilton, 
Dochra, Dunsmure, 
D)9ckras, Sundcit^, - .- 

Boura East, Mtmtgomery, 
Daitra West, Ci4clitcn, 


yfield,, L. Ai Mqo^WW :. . 87jfj 


a IT 

4^0^ }- DnimmeiKng) Mutr,- 
Dwiop, Dufflop, 
Qopgbom^ Earl of Eglintoo, 
Drumbule, Patrick, 
I>ykehead, Brown, - n 
^inton. Earl of £gliiiton> ^ f 
l^lfushiUi Glasgow,. 
Fullwoods) Sundries, - 
Futfwobdheads, Sundries^ *. r 
^GdumshiH, Cunningbaonj 
'Galloberry, Sundries, 
Oallowayford, Miller,- • • - 
Gat«-end, Ker, - - -v 

^Gajt^side, Lusks 

•Giffin, Sundries, /• . - 

Giflbrdland, Blair, * ~ ^: 
j Gill, Craufurd, - - 

jGleogarnock, Svndrlos, 
jGinKige, Hamilton,. - * 
Ckaoges, Punlop parish 
GiangehiUy Fulton, - » 
Gnssyards, SuiKlries^- - 
Gsee, Sundries, - - 

.GiiBtnhHls, Sundries, . . - 
Gfioatholme, Bums, *• > 
iGtugar, Blaue, • - . ► - 
'Haily, Wilson, 
Hdirshaw, Sundries, * 
Haiirshaw*muir,^rl df C^asgow^ 
Halkets, Sundries,. - '-i 

liajybnoss, Milles, <•- . r 
H^ngheugh, Lwg^ ▼ 

Il^pland, Trotter,- • ^ 

li9l|»law, Crawfosd, ^ . , r, 
IJa^khill,. Scott, n . . t 

Hagiocks, Muir, ^ . . • 

Ha«lebank, Wyllie, - . -. 

I Haalehead, Patrick, .• n- 



















J 97 



. 2821 













Htargates, Biggart,. ^ * ^ - 
HiUfBrowiiy , - 

BIflerhursty Hamilton^ 
Rill of fidA; Brown, 
Hollows^ Glasgow, - 
Jipodsjztds, Love, * - 
Kelbum,*Earl of Qh$|;ow^ 
^eIJy> Wallace, * 

Kednozy 1M< Akster, 
Cerslandy Sundrieg, «- * « 
Silbirnie/L. M. L« Craafuvd, 
Alburn, Crawfofd, 
itpiharnock, Duke of Pettfend, 
KUinaar^ L» M. MoiUgomervk - 
Kirkhall,-Weir* . - ' . : 
JCtrkland, Hunter^ 
Kitklands, Dunlop; -^ - * 

Kirktonhall, RitcAie, 
Knock, BHsbane, 
Snock-Ewart, Montgonw^^ 
X4:uf7land, Cocbraxi,. -* ' • 

''Lainshaw^ Cui^ningbami/- • 
Laught, Cunningbame, - - • 
Cawhill, Brown, - « 

lieabead, Gemmil,' * 

Loahhead^ Sundries, . -" • 
Xkoicbrigbills, Kirkwoodj ' • « 
Xrocbwood, Dunlop, 
X«li^on-rigs, Sundries, 
t^smCf Sundries, * « 

Mains, Niel and Sundries,' 
Marshy lands. Sundries^ ^ 
Mayville, CwMMif . » 

IVliddleton, Greig, 
Biiddletoit, CaldwdU * ' 
IRdat, ' - * 

iPlbnfode, Carrick,*' 
MbnkcastTe, Miller, 
Moi^kriddftn, Cdnningliame» 
Morrishili; Sh^ddep,. -^ ' ' 
Wbimigre^nan, Glasgow, - 
Motlbch, L. M. Montgomerr,, ' 
Mtktrsbield^, CoKhran, 

Blirirston, Sheddeif, (not Gilmour) 
I^lehirstl, Sundaes, ' 
ffi^erhilliT, Sundnes^ - . • ' ' - 
Niefliierhou^s, Sundries, 
N%^tan4fc,Hill, . ,;'V 
Mifwtoni Kussd^ 






^ • 80S 





^ 13» 

-► .305 





- 2S5 

- 282 


- 285 


- 195 

- -^ 276 







• % 

V - 

Newton, Muir, AkmuHi^ 
N«desdal^, Lade, * "\ 
Overton, Fullarton, • 

Fafrkefidf Brown, 
Pattertofl^ Montgomery, 
Peacock-bank, Deansy ; 
Pi^c^ton, M^Reddie, 
Polkellf,£arI oJF GlasfoW, 
Quarter, Wilson, 
Ravenslee, Cunninghanii 
Riffhouse, Fullarton^ 
R^oenland, Ker, . . 

Roberton^ Sundries^ « • — 

Rose Fenwick, Bums^- ' • •' 

Rossholme, Foulis, • ' « - 

R^ughwood, Patrick^ > • 

R^ntinbum, Lang, • • ' 

Rowallan^ Mardl. of Hastiogs^ 

Scotsloch, Warner^ ; 
Seabank, Cunaingbaaif^ .' 

Ske^morley, Earl oi |^|^toir, .. 
^imielands, Foulis, • ^ 

^Smitbstoiiy Macgown^ . . » 
Snod^prass, Earl of Eglinton, » 
Somh' Annan, {^^ M» l/ktitgamtiff 
Sprkigside, Hyndman, * 

Spmigvale, Jack, . • ' • 

Stane Castle, Eari of EgliAtofti, 











^ 409 

' 55^. 



Stetenston Campbell, El of ]^lintxiii,' 19T 

Stobs, Ramsay, • . « , 204 

Tarbet, L. M. MdfUgoitievf , . «. 141 

Templehouse, Gemmill, ■ » 50^ 

Tenements, Kilmaurs, * * , 59ft^ 

Third part, Largs parish, , " 83 

Third part, Beithparishy ». 2^5^ 

Thorn, Gemmill, ^ » 80&, 

Thornton, Cunninghame, . 389^ 

Threep wood, Love,' &c. ' . 280^ 

Todkills, Brown, . . ^ 20Sf^ 

Tower, Catbcart, . . • . 390^ 

Towerlands, Webb, • , . - *0». 

TVwerlodgc, Muir, • . . . • I6O1. 

Trtrewrne, Patrick, • . . 2$^', 

i'Vtarrix, PklWrton, - . • ^ 46br 

;Warwickhill) Ralston, V . ^ . '296. 

; Watersides, Sundries, ', i^ . 305 

Whitdawi Sundries, . , ; 32^ 

WKitelawAurri,* Gtawford, . lOa* 

Williamshaw, DeniUiodi, 
"Waiowyatds, Steele, . . 


' 325 


JFamtlieitf whose 


■Balliol Familv. 
Bannatyne of Kamas, 
Slalr of Blair, 
Bbir oi' Burrovlaad, 
Boyd Eail of Kilmarnock, 
Boyd of Orchard, . 
Boyd of Pitcon, 
Boyd of PoTtencross, 
Boyle Earl of Glasgow, 
Boyle of Montgomerieaton, 
Brisbane of Brisbane, 
Campbell Earl «f Loudoun, 
Cochrane of Ladvlaad, 
Craufurd of Auchnames, 
Oaufurd of Craufurdland, 
Craufurd of Kilbimie, 
Cunninghame Earl of dencaini, 
Cunninghame of Arfiinyards, 
Cnninghlme of Authehharrie, 
Cunningham of Carlun^;, 
Cunningham of Clonbeith«& Monk- 
Cnnninghaise of Conehillf Bart. 
Dunlop of Dunlop, ' . 
Dunlops of Boreland, . 
VuUarton of Fullarton, 
FBllarton of Overton, . 

Windyhouse, Shfdden, 
Weodend, Burns, 
Woodside, Grahamj Stilling, 

history is given. 

Hamilton of Grange, . 

Hammil of Roughvood, 

Hewison of Braehead, 

Hunter of Hunterston, 

Hunter of Kirklaiid^ 

Hyndman rf Spring^dd 

Ker of Kersland, 

B )f Smlthston* 

A lonkcaitle, 

t ry Earl of Eglinton, 

J 7 of Annock-Lodgej 

II ry of Braidlie, 

I ry of Braidstane, 

B ryofOiffin, 

S 7 of Hazlehead, 

Montgomery of Laiiuhaw, 

Montgomery of Sktilmorley, 

de Morrille family, 

Patrick of Trearne, 

Patrick of Drumbuie, 

Ralston of Ralston, 

Ravdon Marquis of Hastings, 

Shedden fif Roughwood, 

"Wallace of KeUy, . 

Warner of Ardeer, 

Wilson of Haity, 


Actio, King of Norway, . 
Atan, Lord of Galloway,' . 
Alan de la Suche, 47, 381, 396, 
Albany, Robert Duke of 
AWa, Erskine Lord 
Anstrulher, .... 
Arbuthnot, Viscounts of 
Amot of Iiochrig, . ' . 

Ardrossan of Ardrossan, 
Arran, Boyd Earl of - . 
Arran, Hamilton Earl of 
Athole, Duke of 
Athole, Strathbogie Earl of 
Ball: Dom. John, Hugh, Jocylil 
Baillie of Monkton, . 

. Baillie of Mookhnd, 


e, 440 

182, 303 


BaiHie of Lamington, 
Baillies, formerly BalEoIs, 
Ballantyne of Castlehill, . 
Bannatyne of Kelly, 
Barclay of Ardrossan^ 

of Busbie, 

of Ctawfurd- John, 

ofKilbiroie, . 

of La^lan^ . 

of Pierceton, 
Banington Viscoontl, . 
Becket, Thomas i 
Blair of Adamton, 
Blair, Sir James Hunter, 
Blair of Ladyland, 
fioivell of Auchinlecic, . 










Bowman^i^rovo&t of GlasgoWf ^01 

Bofdy Lord ... 318 

ofBonshaw, - « 838 

Margaret Mist, to James IV. SS8 

Boyce^ Hector^ - - 63 

Bojle, Lord Justice Clerkj - 107 

Boyvilles» - - 102-103 

Srandon, Duke of Suffolk, - S67 

Buchan L Stuart, Earl of Bucfaan, S 1 2 

Buchanan, George * - 15 

Burnet, Bishop - • 81, 1S7 

Bute family, - - 85, Id 3 

Camerarius, Historian, - . 190 

Cameron, Mr. Richard • « . 442 

Campbell of Treesbank, - ^20 

of West Loudoun^ - 32 1 

Ctmnore, Malcolm - - 51 

Carlisle, Lord Justice - - 339 

Carmichael, Earl of Hyndford, - 363 

Carr, Sir William of Etal, - 108 

Carr, Earl of Somerset, - 213 

Cassilis family, - - 402 

Cathcart, Lord - 121, ISS, ^03 

Cochrane of Polkelly, - 333 

Conynghame, Marquis of •> 32 1 

Couts, Banker, London, - 346 

Cravfurd of Baidland, ^ 173 

of Fergushill, - 245 

of Grffbrdland, - 248 

Historiographer, - 132 

of Jordanhill, - 260 

of Fossil, - - 248 

Cumin of Logic, ^ - - 1 82 

Cuming of Eamside, - - 323 

Cumyn, the Black, - - 48 

Cunninghame of Aikett, 211, 329 

of Brideehouse, - 320 

ofCapnngton, - 321 

of Cunninghamehead, S97, 408 

ofBsddland, * 175 

of Glengarnock, - 262 

of Mountgreenan, 222, 321 

of Robertland, 2M, 32S 

Dairy mple of Nunraw, - - 390 

Darleith of that Ilk, • - 343 

Deane, General Richard, - 173 

Dempster, Historian^ - • 189 

Beaham of West'Shields, « .301,307 

Devonshire, Duke of - - 203 

J3ewar of Lassodici Dr. Henry, 157 

Douglas, Lord • ^ 399 

ofDrumlanrig, • 12 jl 

of Periston, - - 398 

of Springwood Park, 1 07- 1 08 

Dunlop of Craig, . • 390 

of Garnkirk, « . 3OQ 

of Hapland, - 304, 306 

Edmeston of Newton, . IS? 

Eglinton of Eglinton, . 207 

Elliot, Sir Gilbert of Mintq, . 430 

Errol, Earl of - .. 108 

Fairholme of Babberton, - 84 

of Craigiehall, . 84 

Fergushill of that Ilk, - 34S 

Ferrars, William de 47, 381, 395, 404 

Fishbum of Redeastle, . 49 

Fleming df Barrochan, . 319 

Forbes of CuUoden, Duncan * 430 

of Craigie-Var, Sir WiUis^a 75 

ofNewhall, - ... 133 

Fordyce of Ayton, - 1 239 

Forresters of Skelmorley, - 76 

Fortesque of Stephenstoune, - 243 

Fortibus, William de « • 47 

Fox, Charles James - .- 13S 

FVancis of Sune, - 21 Of 404 

Frazer of Knock, - • 86 

FuUarton, Col. Wm. mempir of 408* 

of Kilmichaelf « 126 

of Rosemountj 135, 407 

Gilbert, Thomas, M, P. - 154 

Gordon, Duke of * - 239 

GuArie, Rev. Wm. memoir of 552 

Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh, 407 

of Bourtreehill, « 405 

of Clanbrasil, Earl 307 

-Duke of , 173, 238 

of Innerv»ick, • 390 

' General (American) • 17i) 

of Ladylandj • 203 

of Raploch, . 225, 307 

ofSundrum, - - 218. 

of Udston, (not Redstone) 278^ 

Hammil(notHamilton)of Roughwood 278, 

Harvie of'Broadland anid Brbadlie, 249 

Hay M'Dougald, Bart, - . 97 

Home, J^ord Homeg - - 318 

Howie, ancient family of • 355 

Hume of Fastcastle, « « 318 

Hunter, Gen. Governor of Jamaica^ 1%S 


Jackson of Enniscoei 
Ipglis of Inglistonj 
Innes of Warriz, 
Kelso of Kelsoland^ 
Ker of Morriston, 
Kinloch of Gilmerton> , 
Knox, the Reformer, 
Lacey, Hugh de 
Lambert, General> 
Lindsay of Wauchopedal^^ 
Lockhart of Lee, 
Love of Threepwood, 
Lyle, Lord Lyle, • . 

Lynne of Ly nne, 
Macbeth, King of Scots, 
McGregor Murray, Bart., 
Madec^ of Bernera, - 
ofRazay, - 
Roderick, W. S. 
Mapners, Alexander, W. S. 
Marchmont, Earl of - 
Maxwell of Newark, 
Maxwell of Monreith, Bart» 
Mary, Queen Regent, 
Mary, Queen of Scots^ 
Martii) of Clochridge, &ۥ 
Marshal of Nielsland, 









Montgomeryof Kirktonholme, 78, 322 

of Lochranza, - 77 

of Mad>iehill, . 208 

Earloflkount Alexander 28 1 

of Stanhope, • 208 

of Thomtoat * 390 

Mountjoy, Lord — • 288 

Mowat of Busbie, • 313, 389 

Muire of Glanderston^ - 807 

Muire of Polkelly, . . 333 

Murt of Rowallan, 94, 95, 107, 1 73, 3 1 2 

319, 362| 366, 403 
Mure of Skeldon, • . 318 

Mure of Warriston, * . 107 
Myreton, Sir Robert, - - 302 
Niel of Willowyards, - . 275 
Niven of Monkridden, - - 224 
Orby Hunters of Croyland^ • 128 
Orr of Barrowfield, « • 350 

Orr of Raltton, • - 279 

Oswald of Au€hincniiYe> - 219 

■ ■ of Ward^ - - 250 

{ Paxton, Rev. Professor, 
Feiblis, family of 
Peterborrougn, Earl of - 
Pollock, Rev« Thomas, 
Porterfield of Hapland, 
Quinsey, Roger de 
Rm<i oL Adamton, 
Riddel of Glengarnock, 
Robertson of If alicraig, 
Roland, Lord of Galloway, 
RolIo,Lord ... 


Ro9S, Dom. Godfrey de . 1 59> 209*, 4^03 

Ross, Lord - - - - 108 

Ross of Mountgreenan, - 222 

Scot of Bavelaw, - - 248 

Buccleugb, fainily - 240* 

Malleny, family - - 240 
ofRossie, - " SOf.125 

ofScotslocb, - - 223,241 
Sempill, Lords, - 20, 13S 

Seton, Sir William, - - 512 

Skeene of HalLyards, - - 345 
Simson, Professor, memoir of 140 

Sinclair, Earl of Rosslin, 1 93) 429 
Smith of Swineridgenauir, 245«^, 247 
Smytane, Rev. L Kiloiaurs, 387 

Sommerset, Carr Earl of, - - 218 ^ 

Sonlis, Lord - - - 52" 

Stafford, Marquis of - • 288 
Stewart, or Stuart, or Steuart. 

Sir Walter of Alantoiit 106 

ofAscog, - * 408 

of Blackball, • - 32J| 

of Dreghom, - 8918 

of Grantully, - ^ 899 

of Periston, • - 390^ 

Professor Dugald, • 86 

Professor Mathew, - SS 

Lieut..Colonel Mathew 86 

of StewarthaU, - 825 

Tyneman, Earl Douglas, * 311 

Wade, General - • 203 

Wallace, Sir WiUiam, - 73, 860 

ofCraigie, • • 302 

Warner, Rev. Thomas^ - 179 

Wardlaw, Lady Pitreavie, - • 430 

Witherspoon, Rev^ Dr. m^o|r of 275 

Wrpttesleyi Sir Hi^hard - SSa 




Archery, at Kilwinning • 193 

Ardrossan Harbouri • 24, 149 

Bathing Quarters, 58^ 61^ IIB, 150, 15'2 
Benefit Societies, 154, 974, S14, 577, 4 9 
Bible Societies, - - - 419 

Burning of the Qtteen Charlotte, • 303 
of Dean Castle, - 384 

of Eglinton Castle, 1 8S, 209 
of Kilbirnie Castle, - 267 
Caledonian Cattle, -» - 148 

Gameronians, - SS^i 378, 442 

Canals, - - - 23,24, 149 

Cave, Singular' - - - 253 

Chemical work, - - 153 

Commission from the Presbytery of*) . ^^ 

Irvine to their delegate to Pari. 5 
Claim for the Honours of Craufurd^ 261 
Contract of marriage, singular 93 

Duel betwixt Lord Glencairn and 7 

Sir George Munro, - ^ 


Drumclog rencounter, • S6S, 441 
Eglin. murder of Hugh 4tb Earl 211, 329 
of Alexander lOth Earl - 216 
Fisheries, - - 29^57,118,153 
Kerelaw, sacked by theMontgomeries 185 
Largs, Battle of - - 
Lochgarie, Battle of 
Lordship of Stewarton, - 
Monastryof Kilwinning, 
Masonry, - - . 
Nursery, - - 

Petrefactions at Ardrossan, 
Savings Banks, 
Sea Ports, 
ShijT Building, 
Sunday Schools, 






192, 428 

148, 37S 


23, 372 

• 155, 815, 377, 419 

57, 158, 420 
Tenements of Kilmaurs, - 390 

Villas, . ei, 62, 150, 290, 41 1^ 

Skelinorley burial ^aultv • 

Brisbane Cbaidr, 

Knock Casttei. 

Various, about Largs, 

Fsurley Castle, 

Tomulii^at Hail]f% 

Do. Isle of Little Cumbira< 
Roman Armour found 

Fortincross Castle, 

Law*Tower of Kilbride, > • 

Ardrossan Castle, • « • 

Monfode old Pilacei 

Kerelaw old mansion, 

Court-Hill of Dairy, 

Caerwinnin hill. 


Glengamock Castle, 
Kilbirnie Castle, < 
Hazlehead mins, 
Giffin Castle, 











Singular tumuliuonHazlehead lands, S9S 

Tomb in Dunlop church-yard, 
Aikett old Gastle. ... 
Tumulus at CaimdufF, 
Druid Circle and various Tumuli 7 
in Loudoun parish, « C 
Dean Castle, • • . 

Glencairn burial aisle, 
Busbie ancient place, 
iSeagate Castle, Irvine, 





Saxon Gate in Irvine, 
The Brisbane Chair, 
Falriey Castle, 
Fortincross Castle, 
Law Tower of Kilbride, 
Ardrossan Castle, • 


Glengamock, . 

Dean Castle, 
Stane Castle, 
Seagate Castle, 


Antiquities, &c. at Kelly, interposed leaf, betwixt p» 76 and 77« 

• » 






I. Extent and Rait, 



II. Crops Cultivated, 



III. Live Stock, 



IV. Population, 

. • 


V. Religious Persuasion, 
VL Professional Occupationj 
VII. State of Education, 
Vin, Of the Poor, 



Additional notices about Masonry, 428 
Remarks on Hardyknute, * 430 

Craufurdland Papers, . ^ 430 
•Cromweirs Act of Grace, . .432 

Kilmarnock Family, . . . 433 

-CJlencaim Family, with an account of 

William the Great Earl's Campaign 
in 1653-1654 

Copies of three papers in the Char- 
ter Chest of the Burgh of Irvinej 

Rencounter of Drumclog, 

Cameroni^gis, account of^ 





In the account of Saltcoats, article Dissenters, p. 156, it ought to have been stated 
'that there was a congregation of Baptists consisting of from 30 to 40 individuals. Fur* 
ther, same place, in the article Societies, p. 1 5^, two Bible Societies ought to have been 
noticed as having existed several years and having made liberal donations. 

In the account of the town of Beith, the Sewing School by the Misses ISIennons 
ought to have been noticed, the more especially as it is very respectable, and of much 
benefit to the place. 

In Kilbride parish, p. 1 42, there ought to have h^nin^erttd^FnehoUeri qualified toV^j 
R. C. Hunter of Hunterston. — J. Craufurd of Auchnames. 
Same parish, the general emimeratton of Live Stock, p. 118, was omitted-^It is thus : 

Horses of all descriptions^ • - 162 I Sheep ditto, 2373 

Cattle, ditto ...... 1395 | Swine fed yeariy, .... 218 

N^B. In Cromwell's Act of Grace^ p. 430, the sums mentioned are poundsj sterling;* 



47 line 3 from the bottom, for 1178 read 1478. 

48 L 6 and 7 from the bottom, for Grandfather r. Granduncle. 

62 In Table of Proprietors of Villas, middle column, for Long n Lang. 
176 I. 22, for William r. Robert- 
212 1.22, for 1811 r. 1611. 

S55 Contents of the Parish, for 2912 r. 1912, and for 4253 r. S255. 
288 L 22, for Sir John Wrotsesley, r. the late Sir Richard Wrottesley of Wrottesley 

in Staffordshire, and Lady Mary Gower, sister of the late Marquis of Stafford. 
329 1. 11, for 1589 r. 1586. 
391 I. 16, before some, dele and. 
400 1. 6, for Lord r. Lords. 

420 At the bottom, for South Shields r. North Shields. 
423 Table, in columns VIII. and IX^ the money meant is shiUiogS and pence. 
Ai6 1. 2^ in Table V. last column^ for. 1758 r. 1740« 


€^unt^ tff flt^n 

E is situated along the east shore of the 
^ivde, betwixt Renfrewshire on the north, 
County of Wigton on the south. It is 
bounded by the Counties of Renfrew, 
)umfries and Kirkcudbright on the north- 
east, east, and south-east. From north to south, following all 
the curvatures or indentations of the sea coast, it extends about 
SO miles ; but in a line due south and north, as it does not ex- 
ceed 52 minutes of latitude, it can only be about 60 miles in 
length in that direction. In a direction, at right angles to this, 
due east and west, the breadth of this County varies very much. 
At the south end, where it is narrowest, it does not exceed 2 
miles, and it also gets narrow at the north end, where, for a con- 
siderable length, in the Parish of Largs, it is only from 3 to 6 
miles broad. It is greatly broader, however, towards the middle. 
The broadest of any place is betwixt the Troon and the head of 
the Water of Ayr, near Glenbuck, where it is 27 miles. Taking 
the medium of tliese different breadths and multiplying it by the 

14 afifirtji??* 

length, the resuJt would b^ 1005 square mUes; but in measur- 
ing it carefully by angles, on Arrowsmith's great map of Scot- 
land, the extent seems to be about 1042 square miles. As in 
the following work, it is propo^ied to ascertain minutely tlie ex- 
tent of every Estate in it, the whole will at last be seen correctly. 
It is divided into threo Xfistfiicts,' -or Bailliewicks, which were 
formerly as many separate civil jurisdictions; namely, CUN- 
NINGHAME on the north, beS^Jxt the County of Renfrew and 
the Water of Irvine ; COIL or KYLE, in the middle, betwixt 
tlie Waters of Irvine and Doon ; and CARRICK, the most 
southerly, betwixt the Doon and the confines of Galloway, or 
Counties of Wigton and Kirkcudbright It is the first, of these 
w)ji?i\ fprms the. subject of .the, pre8cnt^,Liv^^gatiop. 

Ancient ®aron <Efate in Irvine. 

Ertettd iA)ut tht t/ear. 1S?0. 



-Uniier this name la C6ttpte^ 
tof Ayrshire which is situated ' 
>f the Water of Irvine. Some 
i parish of Beithf are defined in 
^ ^ in Ufe territory of Kyle-Stewart 
No such distinction is regarded in this account The water of" 
Irvine, so fat as it goes, and Uie northern shoreoftheBay of Ayr, 
form its southern boundary ; on the west it is bounded by the " 
Frith of Clyde ; and on the north and east it is bounded,' in a very 
irregular line, by the shires of Renfrew and Lanark. Ilie great- 
est leng^ is fronY LoudouH-hill on the south-east, to the mouth 
of Kelly-bum on the north-west, a distanc^ of about tliirty miles ; 
the greatest breadth, at right angles to this,- is about twelvemiles, 
near the middle of the district from the town of Irvine to the 
boundary of the County near Lochlibo in Renfrewshire. Both ' 
iaiJie soutb-eaat, tmd in thcmorth-west extremities, it gets into 
veiy narrow limits. Altogether it occupies an area of about 260 • 
square miles, a&<will appear from the extent of the different pa- 
I'isUcs, wliich has been ^certained with. a. considerable d^jrae of ; 

<ffitgmoIbgg.' — Biichanan very gravely tells us, that " the name - 



" of the cpuntry is Danish, and in that language signifies the 
" King's House, which is an argument that the Danes did some- 
" time possess it" But in all his history, he does not find, firom the 
most remote time, a shadow q£ erkksice that the Danes ever in- 
habited this part of the country, or that any Kitig had ever a 
House or a Hame in it. " feven tfaditibhv which is seldon) at a 
loss in matters of this kind, is ^altogether silent on the point 
CUNNINGHAME is only distinguished, in old sayings, as a 
country of butter and cheese. There appears, therefore, to be no 
ground for the Danish derivation. It should seem to be more 
probable that the name is derived from the Gaelic, the ancient 
language of the inhabitants. Those who are acquainted with that 
tongue jpi^^it, perhaps,- be ^C}tp .give the ipeanmg' of the word, 
\vere it ppelt accordLag to t^e usjiijal pronun^i^^^n^ Cunnicam or 
Cunsj^taanif^ The terms Cunmnc^rne QV Conynghcm^e are refine- 
ments in modem orthography similay to many o1;het9 wliich, by 
deviating from the ordii^ary and plain unsiC^biBticiial^d pronuncia- 
tion, confound all etymology*. ' '' : 

Another subject of antiqtiarian research^ has also been the 
cause of some discussion ; namely, whether any part of the prearait 
Shire of Ayr was anciently included io Galloway. That Gorri^k, 
or that part of Ayrshire lying southward from the Water of, Dpon, 
might originally have been considered aa part of Gallowajr, seems 
»:ot improbable, a^ being a couiHry not unsimilar in aspect, and 
from its* local position, more likely to be attached to 'Gallcfway 
than to any other natural division of the country. There is even 

* ]Havktg shewn t|iese remarks to a Gentleman well acquainted with fhxl Gfiaelic 
language, he says that « Cuinneag in Gaelic means the Butter Chum, and that Cftin^ 
*< nea^am would mean the Churn District.^* Were one to sit dowifin the ptesent day 
to invent an appropriate term for this Milk and Butter Country, none could be better 
chosen than IButter land or Churn country, or, as it woul<} have been expressed in the 
ancient language of thedistrict^ Cutnnea^am, quasi Cunighatn, the very mode of spelling 
used two hundred years ago By the families of Cunigham of Caprington, and Cunigham 
of Cunighamhead. See Supplem^nta to the JRetours, date Mail 1 2M and 1 Bth, 1 6 1 3| latefy 

aBt4lltmittt0|tllie*r n 

MBie evkiebce that it acbualfy was sh^ sxid at ite^ wery^ ^tant fN^ 
liod backy which maj be taken ilptice of When that diii wan^ of 
AyrshiM is under discussion. BulLthait the territory of Kjleh 
lying off at a side, and that of Cisdiiinghtnie) situatedi still mom 
remotely from it, should, at any time, have been; included in i£^ 
will not be so readily conceded. It is^ however, a pouit thalL w 
in some degree doubtfiil* Those who hold the affiroAJatiye sid«r 
of the iifuestionv cite a charter in. whichi thetown of Irvine itaelf 
is distin^y stated to be w Galloway. Though I have nieither 
se^ this^ charter, nor know any thing of its. niiture nor dale, yet 
I see no reason to question its authenticity. At same time: I 
would pot, without more direct evidence,- hold it to be conclusive, 
thai the^PrMinee of Galloway, at. any time ext^uled so &r. Theret 
werein: andent times,' and there are still to (his day, many landiii 
locally situated in xine;«hire, district, or province,, that neverthe^ 
less were and are subjected to.theJiiriadictioii of some provincial' 
or baronial magistrate, wiiose head court is situated in S01919 other^ 
pfirt of the kingdiom. This has. beiaa especially: the cftse mthhflh 
imde$ and lordships One. or two mses in point may be isiention-*^ 
ed. Thus* the Barony of Giffin, situated in the very hejffit ojf. 
Cunninglmme, is nevertheiisBSf in all deeds of conveyance*, to. thd; 
presesit .timed,, saadixft be in A;y/B-*VfeK?ar/, thow^ it is, as qoffb-! 
pietely separated 6om< tftat dlvi^iidn of . Ayfahine, , as if thw^ ^«f m 
afaundrod miles:of cautetry: betwixt tihom. Stair, on the Qthptj, 
h^nd^ situate in Kf^le^Bejis. is legally hdd to be in the Lo]?d^hi$b 
ctf' li^intoH ia Cpnnin^aoae, and so also is E^lesliame^ wd* 
otiieB> lands Jn tha County of ileitfiew. hx likg man»er w/ft rA9ffp. 
QQoeei^.e^ thalL mahyJaiidk in Cunniflgli«rae> («s Cros^ie, Steven*, 
ston, Kilmarnock, &c. &c.) which, priojr to fehe* Brucean contest,, 
bdbnged to the Balliol family and their predecessors the Beguli 
of GaUinraiy might beiodudedj in thfi legal wtfng^ of thit ^getj 
irir^ib^ejrdorainant tenemewU thp Jyordship of .Galloway, i^ut.thi^f 
showW affoxd np.moEe esidenf ^ that..thj^*eiparticwl*r subj^pts^pd^ 

18 ^lO^ERAL D£SC&I9TI0N 

part and pottion of that Province, than» that part of Mtdb^Lothiw^ 
was once included in Ayrshire, because the lands of Plltoa, Katho^ 
and Bonnjton, in the-shire of Edinburgh, were once inciudediu 
the Lordship of ]^linton in the County of Ayr. In this sense,, 
even the City of Aberdeen might be conceived to be in thfe shirer 
of Banfi*^ and Edinburgh in- that of Stirling, because a few old te^^ 
nements in these towns- were once so. defined to be situated.. 
These peculiarities may be tolerated in questions affecting tiie^ 
localities of civil jurisdiction ; but to be adopted in topo^aphy^i 
or in geographical definition^ wodld involve these sciences in utter^ 

Climate: — ihave no precise in&rmation as to the general 
temperature, of the air of the district, nor of its humidity. But< 
judging merely from my own observation, after a residence of 
eight years, and comparing it with the east coast of Scotland, in; 
the Lothians and Kincardineshire^ where I spent the form^ part, 
of my life, I can say, without hesitation, that it is not so odd** 
There are no piercing east winds felt here ; their force beii^ 
greatly moderated ere they arrive in this quarter ; neither is thare. 
any thing like to those heavy and long continued rains, which, at» 
times^ are poured out like a deluge on the east coast The winds 
here, generally blow from the westerly points, and the rains are . 
xnore frequent from that quarter, than from. any other, and are 
also bflen repeated ; but they do not last long at a tim^ and ate^ 
compajratively mild in their influence. Snow is seldom deep,r^ 
and the frosts are not very; intense, nor of long duration, whilst' 
such fogs, or thick mists, as those which envdope in darkness- 
the whole eastern coast of Britain for dayi and weeks togeth^> 
are here utterly unknown. v . 

^dil«-— By far the greater proportion, is an adhesive day im-, 
proved more or less into a loamy natine, iw^oording as cokivationt 

has boon ftpplied, And which is more i^arent^ a» being moree^ 
£edtiv?^ in the vicinity of the towns and greater villages. There-' 

OF Cnnningfeainc, V 19 

IB a smali portion of sandy soil, near the extensive sea shore, of 
which, part has been converted into fertile loam, whilst part of it 
has not yet been reached by cultivation. In thie upland districts 
in particular, there is a* considerable proportion of moss land, part 
of which has been brought under culture with considerable suc- 
cess, but much of it yet remains as it was, and will not be easily 
subdued by any ordinary means of improvement 

Surface.— Along nearly the whole of the western coast, by 
theFrith of Clyde, there'is. a range of hilly territoi7,leaving a very 
narrow fetrip of flat land betwixt it and the sea ; on the confinesr 
of the counties^ of Renfrew and Lanark, there is a range of hiUsr 
also, not so hiffh as the other, or at least the height is not so ap- 
parent. ^ d.e plain eount,y »es higher and high^ « it .pproj.; 
es towards it ; there is a very deep and beautiful valley by tHe 
Gamock, chiefly in the parish of Dairy ; there is also a^very plea- 
sant and uncommonly fertile vale by the upper part of Irvine 
water, one side of which is in this district ; the whole of the 
r«nainder seems one vast plain in the distant view, but is foun^ 
t6 be extremely irr^ular in the surface when inspected minutely, 
but is all in cultivation, and greatly embellished with clumps and 
strips of wood around the different mansions of its many residing , 

^HIIiBI*— The tract of hills along the Frith of Clyde, extend 
about twelve miles in length by two or three miles broad, feut is 
ieterspersed by much arable land. The general height of these 
hiHs, may be from 600 to 800 feet above the level of the sea ; but 
sottie few of them are greatly higher, as Hil} of Stake, which is 
ISffJi, had the Misty I^aW 1558 feet high.- These are on the 
boundary line betwixt Cunninghame and R^^frew, and are partlj^ 
in the htlet county. Irish Law is 1 335 f Knocksidb 1205, K^es« 
hifi^459'^nd Baidiandhill 946 f^et high, and are withm the ter* 
ritdiy of :Cttimhighame. Soine of these hills are rocky, but they 
axexnoxe generally clotlie<i with green -pasture, |iartitultttly 6it:' 

20 as)^£BAL rasemFTioK 

the higher parts. The moss lands in this tract are genendly low^ 
et( Sown. LoudoiEEi^hiU, at the head of the Irvine water, rises ait 
Otice from the vale belowi, so that it is seen in all its parts, partly 
l^e rock, partly arable j^retty &r up, whilst* the top is clothed 
with thriyiag plantation.. It is of a conical form, and conspicuous 
at a greal; distance, although of a moderate height, perhaps not 
exceeding 600 feet 

The hills or uplands, on the confines of this district wilB the 
•ilJiyr^^.of. Lanark and Renfrew, (with the exception of the coast 
i^f; 3^h ^If^ftdy ip(}j^ntioned) are of a very moderate elevati(H* 
|b(?ye the oonterixiinous cultivatad couoitry, although perhaps J90& 
Of ^OQ feet above the level of the sea. They are culdvated, som<^ 
of thenti to the very swnmit, and are aU at least productive pas- 
ture l^nd. 

'^^t^ft. — ^Xhis ^styiptt is very copiously ^supplied with watev 
from its numerous rivers pr waters, burns^^ and streamlets. The 
prinqipalriv^ or water is the Irvine, whicli^ rising in Lanarkshire 
at the b?ick of Loudoun^hiUt flows nearly due west sixteen ihiies^ 
bxit may e^end ,tx? twenty in all its windings^ From the north, 
pT CuQjr^ipghame s^de^ther.e fells into it— the Polbeth bum, abdut 
a mil|K below Galston : the Kilmarnock water, which is collected 
from various sources among the moors of Fenwick and £^es« 
hanjp,. and joins the Irvine below the tpwji of Kilmarnock ;~-the 
Carpel, which rises in the mooys of Fenwiek, and falls into the 
Irvine betwixt the parishes of Kilma^rs aqd Dreghorn ; and the 
Annock, which rises among the moors in Stewarton parish and 
aft^. being joined- bj the Gl^ert,. &lla into the Irvine, near the. 
town of Irvina The Irvine altQgethei^, delivera into the Sea, tha 
waters of 148 square miles of country, of jwhidh three parts ini 
r four are £rom tlie Cunninghame sidiie. The ^arnodL falls into 
\ihe Sea at the -same place, and deliver^ the waters (>f 76 squace- 
• nriles, ci^llected from the parishes of.Beitb, KiJJ>irniey Dairy and 
KUwinning. Its chief tributary s^rea^naJets: are the LugtCHif^ tha 

OF Cunnmgliame. 


'Dusk, the Bomba and the Polgree, from the left ; and the Rye 
-and the Casfj from the right On the west coast, the Southannan» 
the Gogo, the Nodesdale water, and the Kelly-burn, are the cmly 
streamlets of note j and though frequently very impetuouss sel- 
dom have much water, the source of them all being limited to 
the water-sheds of the conterminous hills, which in few places 
extend backwards above 3 or 4 miles. 

ILO(i)0* — A few of these, undrawn-ofF, are still remaining m 
the country. Some of them indeed, are too deep to admit of 
rdrainage. The Loch of Kilbimie is the largest, being more than 
'E mile long, and above half a mile broad. The Loch of Ashin- 
yards is the next, but is not the fourth part of the size, whilst all 
the others are still less. 

Q9in0tai]B(«— -That most essential mineral Coal is very plenti- 
ful, and is wrought extensively througli more than half of the dis- 
trict. There is indeed only five parishes out of sr&teen, where 
it has not yet been found. These five arc Largs and Kilbride, 
on the coast, side ; Dunlop, Stewarton and Fenwick, in the inte- 
rior. In all the other abounds, more espiecially in the 
parishes of Kilmarnock, Irvine, Kilwinning and Stevenston, where 
it has long been wrought, and still continues to be turned out to 
a very great extent, not only for home consumption, but of late, 
in a still greater degree, for exportation, — to the extent now of 
more than 65,000 tons yearly, as will be shexvn in the article 
Shipping. The breadth of the coal field in Cunninghame, which 
stretches in a direction from south-west to ' north-east, is more 
than 12 miles, counting only from Kilmarnock to Ardrossan. Tbe 
number of seams ascertained in one part of it, the parish of Ste- 
venston, is eleven, all comprised within 124 fathoms deep, and 
containing 37 feet of workable coal. It is true there are only 
five of these (being the iippermost) that are yet taken in, at the 
depth of 54 fathoms ; but even this presents a subject of employ- 
ment and profitable produce for ages j — and taking into view the 





5 iiUprdvelnents. already made on coal-working machinery, suice 

^•the Report was published from which this ii extracted, (sbe Ac- 

Y^punt of Stevenston, in vol, vii. Stat. Account of Scodan<i,) this 

. coal field may be said to be inexliaustible«----T^IwiMAsTOKEi*^Tbis 

( very useful mineral is found in every parish iuthe district, except 

^ Kilbride — only in L?irgs it is situated in §o remote a cortter a&.tx> 

be almost inaccessible ; but in the neighbouring parish of Dairy ^ 

, it is rernarkably abundant^ and wrought and burnt, to a gret^ft ex- 

•. ^ent, whilst there is an excellent road, to convey it to Larg(),'a(;a 

J moderate distance. In Beith also and Dunlbp paiuSljes it abounds 

, greatly, and lies so fair in the strata, and so neSar tp- thes surface, 

: as to be wrought with a facility that i« certainly very, uncommon. 

— — Marble, — This is also found in the parisli of Beith, at the 

very surface,- and is 'turned out with extreme little labour. It is 

full of petrified shells of many kinds and various, figure^ and is 

, now wrought up into chimney-pieces and other ornamental work, 

to a considerable extent. Fkeestone. — ^This is to be met with 

almost every where, white as well as red, and excellent in quality. 
. The finest is perhaps that of Woodhill in the parish of Kilmaurs. 
It ifi of a pale white, and of a texture little inferior to Marble ; so 
that milk coolers are often made ofit» At Ardeer, in the parish 
of Stevenston, there is an excellent white freestone quarry, in 
which blocks of 24 or 30 feet in length can be raised, and of any 

^ ■ ■ , 

thickness required. Millstone. — An excellent quarry of this 

is situated in the parish of Kilbride, on the lands of Southannan, 

. ' » i. ' 

•*- froni which all the neighbouring country, is supplied.. 

' ^ • . ,■««.• t^ . 

'^ • Boatl0«. — From the remarkjible^ irregularity jn tike surface of 
•-^ thi« district, and on a soil little^adapted naturally for travelling on, 
it has been (without meaning to pun) a very uphill business, tU^ 
makmg of the roads originally. This was especially the case, 
when, as at first — the most direct tract was chosen, in preference 
to a more circuitous, but a more level way. There has however 
hepn of late a vast improvement made in this respect, without any 

.**»,>• *■ 


7 ■ 

i • 


'" Of Curinfiigfiamr; 23: 

regiard to expence.— All new roads are Aow laid off with atten- 
tibn to avoid unnecessary pulls \ whilst in the old roads, many 
* hollows have been filled up, or heights reduced ; at same time 
•"^very Tegatd is paid to keep the surface in a smooth state — a 
^circumstance of more importance than "^people hre in general a- 
nirare o£ In niany places too, especially near populous towns, 
•foot ipaths have been formed, and to which careful attention is 
7>aid. The public, of every description, now tiiivel with a facility 
^fbmierly unknown^ / ^ 

JBaiftoaptf*^— This* great- improyeitient in carriage ''draw'ifig 
<was introduced into Cunninghame several. yeirs ago, when the 
Troon Railway was constructed by the Dtik^ of Portland ; as about 
'3 miles of it is laid down on the north side of the Irvine water. 
•TJiere ^re one or two specimens more of a Railway to be seen in 
XJie vicinity of Saltcoats and Ardro^an. Improvements have al- 
ready bee^i made on the Railway itself, and' it seems probable, that 
*he time is not far distant when the principle mky be carried to 
a greater length, and the ^application more generally extended. ' 

Canaljef* — The first Canal on which any business was done 
in Scotland was in this district, in the parish of Stevenston. It 
was made by the late Robert Reld Cuniiiiighame, Esq. of Au- 
chenliarvie, for conveying coals to the harbour of Saltcoats, from 
hiB field, extending fixnn that towhfto the difitafice of 2 or S milfes 
to the eastward^. - It is .constructed without any locks, but cxii 
very deep in soiiib places, from the inequality of the surface. ' It 
is ii miles and a qxmrter long, besides the several' side branches^ 
afterwards- W*t to the mouth of eVery hew pit that was bp6fied ; 
•is 12 feet wide at the bottom, the sides inclined to an angle of 45 
degrees ; the \f at«r (buribdt deep. Tho boats carry from 12 to 
15 tons- It wA^ opened on tlie lOth Scpf. 1772, and it remains 
•in full oc^upatiOYi; to* this day.. . '• ' 

1 Caiial on a gr'oitt §caie was suggested by the late l^arl of 
'^'^-^^Vtntbvi, tocanubctllu?:nnvigntion of iho^ Clyde at Glasgow; w:itl> 

w '■ 


the open sea^ at the harbour of Ardrossaiif a. distance of .3di 
III this great undertaking his Lordship was joined by a number 
of respectable Gentlemen in the shires of Lanark, Ijleaifrew and 
Ayr, as all these counties were nxat^rially interested in its succesp. 
An Act of Parliament was obtained in 1805, to enable them tp 
accomplish this importaiit object. The works commenced iu 
May ISOTf apd on the 4th Oct. l&ll^ the navigation was opened 
betwi*xt Glasgow and Johnstone, the Canal having been complet- 
ed to that village at the distance of 1 1 miles from Port E^intoi^ 
in the vicinity of Glasgow, wherB it^cpmioences. Jt is 30 feet 
wide and 4i feet deep,^ calculated to carry vessels, adapted to it, 
of from 24 tp SQ tons burden. Owing to some legal question?, 
not yet discussed, betwiict the Subscribers to this Canal, the works 
have since been suspended : a circumstance much to be regretted, 
as otherwise, a trade might by this time have been evened by 
m.eans of this Canal to the whole country, both, iu. export and im- 
port, through the medium of one of the best har|)ours on the 
west coast, which now falk to be taken notice of. 


dvHtOiBljBtan ^ttSbOUr« — ^The harbour at JSakcoats being found 
objectionable in many respectsi, a^ being jtoo limited in extent, 
the entrance narrow, rocky and dangerous j and could not be 
made fit for the augmented trade expected in consequence of the 
above projected Canal, it was thought advisable to survey the ad<* 
jacent coast, in order to discover a more proper place. Mr^ Tel* 
ford, a celebrated engineer, was accordingly employed, and on 
coming to the Bay of Ardrossan he found it, after a careful exam- 
ination, to be thoroughly adapted to the purpose, and that an 
excellent and commodious harl)Our might be made there, not 
only fit for all the purposes of an inland trade from Glasgow, 

vOF CtttrnkigbMif. '2S 

••♦ '^. 

Faisley» fte.^ but. likewise for cdttj^rfdiiig a coAim^cial iiitercotxrse 
with Irekiid^ Amexicay the Weftt Indiet^ and other cHstant partsa 
Of thia mtgpjfioent work -Lard 'Egliiiton- was originally the great 
promoter^rand his Lordship ul^iltiAtQly beoaqie the sole coiitr9MU 
torj afc an eiqpence that has sddoinhec«vei|ualled^ perhaps o^ar 
suqmssed by any individualt* It 190$^ an Act of Parliametit was 
obtained for this also ; and the woi^ks comixietfced^ih thU fyHlifw^ 
ing y^Qs. These when finished will cOAsi(^k)f ^ 

L An outer harbour, or roadstead^ withitif ther Btie^wttMf fot 
the larger vessels to lie at anciior, or to btitg iq^:in, "l^idHcAs to 
enteriiigiiito the-^ret dock, of suffitieAit 'f»ps^iVf u>0(Mkfaai text 
or a ckiMli of kur|^ ships } the- depth bd6g ftim 90 to toififOt^ 
low water. . • - - ' I 

. II; A TM^'hurboHB, ^t mU cQnl»iii'&oifr<iKmo 60 oo^ 
vesselst in a depth of from 10 to ^ feoe «t 'hi^ ^nMtl 
.. IIL Awe6<>riMtiB^4o€^,ofab«iit(9e^«6oQt0'4Ma««(hdtfjtf 
which (Mkly is-meaht. to ,be finished d^t{|reCiMrt) lihai ndli contain 
50 large ships, of Aom dOO^ Ji0l9 totift teMnfii : thexegular d^lh 
ofwater being About 20;^^. ' 

IV. Two Graying Docb^for refuuring vessdis. One of these 
is 210 feet long at the bottom 'Within the gates, 30 feet wide, and 
64 feet wide at the tfi^ ;^widi& ^. diO/gates at the top, S6 feet ; 
depth oC the wa|er. o^r; the Sttl;^ or on the top of the blodos, fi-Orii 
1 1 to 1 a feet The .<«4het^iHU be 99(y feet long withini the gateg^ 
tKid of prop9TtiottaU« ^imtfiBigmiiikmmse. The whole oftheie 

V%%»%»%» ^ ^^^%%%%%%^|»< 

' • This-woA Ka^been carried -on noVfor fourteen 'years t^itli alifibst no mtferrup- 

fXQtk Tbm hu^gesfsis^^, b«Aa.^p]aj^ io itb^M:i fifteen tq tivteMjr <n^oa$i; fftm 
brty-five to fifty quarry men j and froni ninety to an hundred common labourers, to- 
)[0B)eT/with fi^re saiitfM^nd'ftve-vrih^'td : as dto fi^or six horses employt^ m dra wi ng 
fgnxrvd tbej»^a|p^ m z^fgi^^irfua ^e qf^sm^ >^^^^ ^^ ^ ''^^ diat^t.. jManf 
btthe stones exceeded tlireetohs in weight, some amounted to five. The. breakwater 
Uimkif^s^i of lwdi,^Ma w^ el $l bss^ldtk spdbies, jbf which toofie wlt^le^MIs Um 
^n removed anduppltedlo tbis'piirpo^.- Tb^expeiKel^^insomeu^ft^iKeaaxnouf^ 
^ to 'i^iodo in a^mdiith, nevei* lels tnali' j^4,00a in a year, Vnd not less in'tfieie' H 


28 o'BimMM^ mmifTWtf 

WittkS) it i« exf^ecllxi^ will to fiiii e»4ovitymri 

hencey(ftGim^ 1819,) 'except the Break wi^f{u$eV- the Ifti^i^bgri^v^ 
ingdock; the fitst, aa Well^aB the tide bai4K>»r$ li^ildS^^ 
completed. Attract toad, of miiway is pk)po&ed'ti)'Cbntiect tKa 
harbnuf witte the^J&aiiworlra^cif D6\v*ra aini Sburlgy; afid'^'dikt 
neighbourhood, at a distance o^ about 8 milesi* aiid t<> doihfm^iHi^ 
cttttiby side branches to the different coaleries ill the vidlnity- of 
the main line, the whole of whkh lies thtough one of the beat 
coal vfiieldg in Ayrshire. 

fl^dtraatj^^^rlnnf r^ — Tht tomi of Sitltcoats it»igtf^ is hbp of 

veiy. andent' origin,' (as Will be seen in an after s^ti<}ii). aiiditd 
Imrbour is still more recent It was coiwtructeA by a- very - iri-^ 
teiprizing Gentleman, a Mn Cunninghams of Auchenharvie^ who 
iivedi^about^ 160 years ago^ aind wa»at onetime pfoprkitoi^of^ the 
whole pari9k<^ Stevenston. He was thefitsf^tirbo bi^dugbt'the 
fiKevttiston coal into* repute, and turning ou6 a^' muck greater 
qimndty tban ' had erer been done before j — ^itk -oMer t^ open a 
dbor.for amore^xtensireiiHil^, thK>ugh ^exportation, he set ab6ht 
building a harbour in the town of Saltcoats, entirely, at his dwn 
cfaatgei^ amidst. many difBcmlties and discouragements^ froAi its.. 
fizposed situation ; the winter storms, fot several years, demoH^ 
shing part of what he Imd done during the preening summerl 
At last he complied the harbour,' about the year^ 1700, and with 
some small reparations, it stands to the-p^^sent day, a monuttient 
of his public spkit and ent^rise. (See JStat Acci of Scotland^ 
voi VIL article ^^ StevenstoB^V . 

. This harbour does not admit easily of full loaded vessels above 
100 tow bwNleii« The coal ships, which cairy on nearly the 
whole export tradCf are generally from 100, down to 30 or 40 
tons. Nor can it admit of more than from 20 to SO to lie in it. 
commodiously, at a time. Of late, since the. ^risctioii of the liai> 
bour at Ardrossari, the larger coal vessels take p^ only of their 
cargo in at Saltcoats, and complete it by going round to Ardros- 



san, M^W^ ve^sds^bf finy burden khoWri in the coul trad^; can be 
loaded full at any time. ' 

|[|1)(l)e tNlttlOUr^ — ^Thls Is among the most ancient sea ports 
in Scotlo^nd, and has at times attracted the attention of Farliament 
toward»4ts preservation; particularly in 1 387, ^hen there livas a 
special .act for the purpose, of which a certified extract remains 
among the archives of the Btirgh. It is situated at the* conflu- 
dn^e of two ftotisidmble streams,' the Irvine and the Garnoc¥/ 
which are frequently greatly swelled, and give considei^ble an- 
noyance to the shipping, mdw especially in thi& winter season, 
when the floating ice is very Apt to occasion damage. At aU 
timed^ these ii^iaiters, bringing doMi ihttbh mttd' aiitl sand, occa^ 
sion a bar near the month of the harbour, which makes it d^n^' 
gerbds to m6st full loaded veBsdhsf of ^more than iOO tons burcteki^ 
to pass, as over this bar there is only 7 feet water at ordlbaiy^Aill 
tides;- and about 91 feet in spring-tidd&f. In olheV respects thisr 
harbour is generally safb,. and not incommodious, being of suffix 
cient "capaciti^t6 lay up^SO c* 60^ vessels *> pf ft modef&te ooasting* 
size» of from' 40 to 100 tons burden. The larger vessels- nbw,^ 
insCead of competing their loading by means of lighters, beyond'* 
the bar, take in no more thaft' they can safely navigate over its 
and ^ at onfce to Ardrossan harbour wliere they fill up their car- 
go, at less trouble and without any danger for want of water. '' ' 

^hmixtg; tthU Commette;— The fbUdwing correct extracts 
from<tlie Customhouse books, of the Port of I^vme, which com- 
preli^nds not only all thfe district of GuHnihgKame,but theneigh^ 
boating harbtttrr of Tuoon, in Kyle, as also Lamlash, in Arran,^ 
wil^'^Cew in bna view the extent of theise different subjects. 

'. /^ . . • ' 1 


C K f 

V*yU ' 



./ a I -itpr 

J / <li . .' * , i.. 

V Vv 



GvtagjtL DMomTiOK 

Nwnbfr of Vesieh,, Tons burden, and S^mn^y behf^mff to 

Cl»e Ji>ort Of 3fttrtn^ . f 


^ », i »»i y i 

Irvine, profier, from 1 5 to 20S toni 
Sldtcotts, frqsi S 1 to,195 tons» 

Troon, from 17 to 177 tons. 


55 ., . ,$$^ - 

7 . 810 . 


Total .129 . 11899 

Co.mntercer^for the y^ar ending 5t]i> J^jiuary, lS19y 

repeated voyages. 

' ' ' ^VES^ELS. TONS. 
r Entered C from foreign Eprt»t.<' Z6 50a7 . 

IRVINE, J Inwards. I Coastwise, 1S2 4706 

^per» i Cleared C to foreign parts/^ 'Jtl5 * ^ 90800 

LOtttwar^w Coastwise! ;,247 5940 





• i-X 

Ifotal 8T0 
f ; Snijfired . lhomr{€(t^fif9iif% S8 

C leared rtoJForeign parts, 159 


^ATTnnAT'c I Inwards. C Coastwise, . 
94iil^MAni> j c 1^3^^ to/oreign pa 

^ OttlCwsurds. ^ Coastwise, 

Toiar dl7 

r Entered ^ from foneigii pam, 87 

TPnriTJ J Inwards. / Coastwise, 21 

iW.ViUJN. -< Cleared \ to foreign parts, 540 

I Outwards* / Coastwise^ 96 

' Btitared 

■ I 


Total of the 

Total 404 



To($il. ,860 

Cleared C Fofdgn/ 


.. Outwards. / Cogstwise> 



Total ia«t 


: 2186 


' 18810 













' * Grand 1:otal 

Tons of Coal exported, 25659 

Sent Coastwise, ^8%^ 

Quaiters of Grain Imported, 6492 

Tons of Coal exported. 






. 81S. ' 


















99990 6488 




61676 7 Toed. 


Quarters of Grain Imported 

Coastwise, ----- 59^ \ 67661 


irijit|ie9iC)K4~*Witfa an extent of about 22 miles of sea <;^oast, 
cne might expect a connderable Slsheiy . It is not) however, die 
cftia In Iiviae, *onlj two boats a?e employed ; in Saltcoats and 
Ardrossan, twa ; andin Largs, about five ox six. This is at .what 
is called the White Fiah^y, in which^ the di^rent kinds caught 
are chiefly cod, liaddock, -and whitings ; skate, thomback, and 
Sunders, are got occasionally ; but, being in small estimation, thfi 
fishers have little encQuragem^it to ^catch thetn. Hie herring 
fishery in the season, aflbrds ^sinploynient to 30 or 40 hands in the 
adventure, and gives ^smpfe retum»--the produce being readily 
disposed of fresh, in ibis populous district There is alhso a salmon 
iiahii^ on a small scale in the water of Garnodk, near Irvine. On 
the whole, the fishing, as an employment, is very unimportant— 
and yet the price in the market should indicate a great deinaild; 
being generally at feur pence the lb., and rardy under three pence,' 
avoirdupois we^t A few lobsters are caught at Ardrossanr^ 
and of other dbeil-fish there are none. 

Such are the cnrcoBistances a£fecting the district in gefier^. 
Trevious to giving an account of parish by parish, it may not be 
improper to make some genend remarks^ applicable to the whole. 

%ttttZ Of f^fttt}^* — ^A great proportion of Cun&inghame is 
|K)SS^9ed by the noble fimilies of Portland, Eglinton, Loudoun, 
GliM^w, MoDtgemery^ and Lindsay Craufard, to the extent of 
from 3000 acres eadiy to IS^GOO or mcire : much of k is possess- 
ed by il numefoosi and very rei^pectable body of 'lesser il^rorifs, 
who ihave from 300 acres eacb^ up to more than 5000. Bet €tief 
greai^t number of hteritorsare small p»>{metors, having from 'S 
acres up to 150 or 180 seres eaeh. This is remarkably the ease 
in tibie parishes of Dairy, Beitk, Dunlop, and Stewarton ; and 
they 'lure found less ck more insi^ the ddier parishes, Bimepi^Htb^ 
venston aiJd Ardrossan, which are nearly all in Ithe karidi of fecJ 
greater proprietors. Hie valued rettt of ihe whdk^ ^ittl$e^ fy&ni 
in the parish Tables. The extent of each will be stat^ ib^^ 


tain each^ in theif^wn o^cupatiotiii n consideratble^teni fl^and 
aFOitnd their respective mansions, in aa excelloiit states of Gu)d-» 
vation, and ako highly embellished with forest timbeiiandoih^ 
ornamental plantations^. The great bulky :ho\rever,^ of- their* ipi-d-^ 
perty is let to tenantry o» lea^e. Tlielcssci- Barons, are almtlU 
all cultivators also, of part of their domains uroimd * their re«pec^ 
tiye seats, and emqiate the itobles in tlie eKtent!6f (heirpIeasiWo 
grounds, in pr<^cxrtion • to tHe extent of their pnoperties:; whilst 
the remainder is, in the same manneivlet to tenants on lease. 
The smaller heritors, so vbry numerous inthis district,*cultiva*c,' 
almost to a man, tl):etr whole properties ^thems^lves, and though 
they are not iiwiividually to be remarked iorj^i^ing: much embaU 
lishmqntto the eouhtrj, from their plkntationsv yet as they all 
have a few tree3 more or less,',aTomid their habitations, tlie g^ie- 
ral effect on the view.of the* country is very striking, giving the 

whole a sheltered and a cheerful appearance. SrzE op Farms.?*^ 

. About one half» perh^p^ of the arable land. o£ this district is in 
the hands of tenants; '^Sherskec.bftthe&rms is generally very 
moderate^ the greater part: exteui^ng from 50 to 100 acres^ 
arable, though some few may extend txor S00« There are very few 
instances where it. is jnctoEo-r— ^Housora or: HuBA>:DMBN.'*-*Til| 
very lately, these weie all extreibeiy. plainv and far^firom being 
commodious. They consisted almosi uniformly of one extended 
rpw; of low thatch-proofed bouses,' including the butt«and4)enn- 
dwelling of the £u*mer-~the oQWtbjre, :and the: stable for^e 
hors^,. without interruption, v The baml was commonly a s^a^ 
rate erection by itsdf. As these andeat homesteads have be- 
come ruinoup) they have been renewed in a style not quite so 
plain, and somewhat more commodious. A dairy or milk4iou6e 
has been added, together with a loflifdr drying the cheese. Jn 
iriany cases, slate has been substituted for the. thatch-i^roof. The 
intenprofthe husbandman's dwelling has also Jbeen enlarged by 



atf acMErtknid rcom or. itwo, and .the jit^aight line has been altered. 
Ii^ bcondiiig the .two ends of hintl* eighth anglefir, 90 as to form jpart 
af.a s^pure«. The habitaitioQS. of the flmall heritors have under- 
gone aimilar meliorfttioQi^, hut not mueh superiory in accdmmoda* 
tion^ to those of the tenantry of the greater landlor^^. . Hie mid- 
den or dnngbill (the right hand of the goodjfarmer) is atiU too 
great a favourite to beiMsaxjyed, out o^.view,--'--— E^ 
The whole of this distiiet' has; long been fuJIy enclosed and sub- 
divided into -QOftiimodiaua^fiidd^ In the ibwer and ambler parts, 
by ditch and hedge, .and in the upper and pastoral lands by stone 
walla . Even the hills are ao divided. Of latei iron gates have 
been introduced, of « l^hb form^ and as cheap as these of wood,f 
whilst they must^ incalcuUbly, be more la8ting.-^-«~rlMPLBHi&NTS. 
These are all handsomely cOQstrueted,^ and iuUy adequate to the 
intended use. The thrashiogmiill is almost universaL Itott 
plou^s are becoming common, and of the most ' effective con- 
struction. Tillage, inaU its* branches, is aceutately performied,^ 
notwithstanding of the very hi^ bendipg ridges which' are-isO' 
prevalent.— -rRoTATioK. OF Cbo».— *-In the vicinity of -towns, and 
on ^ the sandy soils by the sea shore, there is a rotation of seveiaL 
anops in succession ; as potatoes, wheat, or barley^i clover, oats ; 
pretty regularly repeated. . . The greater part of the bountr^, how- 

' evet, is under no rotation of difRea'^at orc^st by way of promptings 
fertility ; but the system. is limited to' cither two yews* tillage and 
siflL years' gra^s, or three years^tilliige and si!?c years' grass, whilst 
tfte^ tillage crops are most cansononly oatsafter.:oats— ^with the 
exception,: that part jof one field, may be in potatoes, :|)si*t (^ unb- 
t^eri];! beans, or in bear or in flax, or in a lew iixstamtes^^rn^ turnip; 
whilst summer fallow,, in few places. only, fori^s^ ^my- part of 
the regular .system,, but is only appliedito coi;rect8<mie^kJte'th|it 
may hav6 been raistidedia a former.. season 4 , : ri: - .-ii 

• Cr(l{MaC.Cttltibatetlt-*^WHeiiT. . Considering Jtlie nature c^<lie 

. soil.whidbi readily yields to cultivation ;. th^ aspect of the country 




whi^ b4»il«f ti«tle exposed; Md^h6 gebefal miktaieto of: tii^. dl» 
mat^, ^hic^thddgh somewhat MOtsI^ is fiir fiom;tt 
surprising that the eultivation of tbk vulttible grain dboiddjQfr 
so limited ; bnt siich iij the fa^t. At 4«ii« time it most bendmit^ 
ted^ that the little portion 6i l&nd, ^at4s im4er this orap^ is \wtj. 
generally in ^e\t^% of o]<de^being'4itheEr«afterasuiiiiiidr£dk^ 
or after potatoes-^-rBiid the retuni* in gvaeml is boimtifiil. Tfa» 
extent of hmd occupied #rth #he«t 4Hyd other crops^^wiH be stag- 
ed in the aoMulM: of tlie dflflbrent pftrnhes.-^-^BidiLiiY^^lfat 
extent 6f land ander barley ^eetus to bewi the decraase^ not^-. 
whhstanditig of the price, wikich for >soine yean pait, has bdm 
more, in proportion to other gi^n, thaki formepiy* Ibe crops of 
it, hdwever, are gaiefftily gMd^ as Uiay be expteted, fron^ the 
prockicti ve i^te of the lAnds on whiiih it is so^im, bdng almost 
^ni^rmly, after petatoe* &t tul!if({^ Th^ extent ak<^ther may 
be ab6ut d^ble that of ttfe htnds sown >i^ith wheat Rough bear 
or big is fncltided in this <5[uatttily.«—--4&tANs**— These are sowfi 
very g^eneriilly, but still to ttd greict ext«nt Itiey are oommoniy 
i9own in drSHs 06 fh6 lands in fbe vidnity of towns, which am 
alt)f«y« in the B^f stikte of' tulcmtfidn^ «id no where are b^ter 
crops of them iseen, thtm on the ri^ly unproved sandy lands, in 
;the vicinity of the sea: In the scttiesive clay lands in the interior 
of the distriiet, th^y are tatft^ generally sown Inroadcaat, some-* 
.times afi^^er ley oats, and sometimes fbrming the lea crop itsdbf; 
an^ wliat may surprii^e k Lotfalafei or an Angus cultivato^-^eans 
are frequently ihfe foster' erOp'h«re for young grass seeds j whidi 
always Happens id a Mrtain extent, iti die two years' tiMage sys*^ 

tern, iii easies wfaeife the 6ait is the 'first eropi-i Peas-— Are very 

little sown, and perh^s ought to be still less so; fts Ae crop it 
extremely precarious. There m&y be ikbdutthe same extent of 
land under beans and peas, as under barley and bear.— Taukst 
are sc) very rarely sown as not to make a separate art2^6 in the 
X^ble of Crops cultivated, but are included in the article Beaos^^ 


4q; aiQ,HJfHl»itii^/4yf tow M^jitqWliJiNi^^ 

iaofd^fjt p9B8titut<^;p«f^«|^ .jiir49"l9M(ih» f^iim -.wh^Oi. m the 

.pcoportioa. wnoog; tbefn «U dj^ii.ftt'^ui^l^ijptinu .i^t^ on. Uie 
Ibr^ yo^* ttlfa^ system, 4Milt»/ofqi m^ dfiijk, IIO' dn^/ .m4 the 
tbii4 year's «rop, Jai«t,ii^ i)i||f|j(,wirtaiiptt pt^il^Ql^ tli^ or le- 

.<O9d<;ri9{lfi«0.. ,.Tb€^. 4;eiMlC(i^ 4revC(Mnt9f>nljt jC)9<iU AR^bftth ^ 

PoTATOEa,-^Th«8e af9-cu^tivated e^0ryjw|iw^.<onQii#r3yKHlt <Mt4 
%*v^y;de9onptift»:ofjp«ople, pot. bicii)^ Ijuqfiil^ to t^.Atmers 
aod U)eir..4^tageiFf,,bul^ the i|9eojb«|aJA)llJWd;!Q!!bh^K^t9Wl)8-p^M^l^ 
,h^ve iwfly ,of.«iir. pat^^^f pRl«(Oi gr^mtfit ihiwii^ 
^an .^xtentof a mUe^tXtt ^<*?e, aro^ad^.^flfy VUJW. v Xb* fiirmeo 
.cact^utthe dHng/9rthw;.tpwn;i.«©ij|bboura, ()lQt«gh .the Jaifii 

i^x^ic^fty. h<pjkeiti«icrojp4»,ii4hiUt.thevpw|»en» of th<» potf^KHJe 
Jiaiie o|';U>.-att^^ >1^ SfattUji^^jftheipa, th^ hoeiqg, aqtjl thp 

•.takiqgi4i%)<«ao4 P»y t^^^l^i^^i^.^fM^jponly .alii9ut.ii MJ9g .tb 
ifell i[Qr,at (^%,fjlt^ oC.^ the:aci5p).ifo|r ^e gp^uj^jt^y ijjj^iijj^ 
,,TWs ^fafl5$.> |?pi«fi9i4.t(> bojtlj.^att^^^; Th0!.tp^«*» pfq|(l«^fop 
-iB^<«K4»«Hi»gt«C^cttJ» waH. h§¥ea firlpi^.of potatpfss, (jv jlf jquft.,) 
/ori|JigtWW«CTipfft|UBfog of. jtl^^i r /aioUiff • , The ,l%houi; .9^ Wi* 
&c. is a mere recreation ; whilst t)^ f{Mri^f>,'|i^i|i(i9a.4rfkwi|)ft/i^ 
Cfmi^t^'jmV^. M his 1^8 «»r^ed, tq tj?^ barg^.by the 
s4»iij« #*ehL >8 yfVJf.^l?»<*|W^y »PjpUe4 totU^ 9ff>pfr. "JThere ianp 

i<*#yflf« lpaW«l^«i*A^*5«?'^^^ =^i^^*i>. 'J*^ »fir^J snf!icifii>,te 
•epcye It^eijr^n*^ |>«ev4^ifP ia thp,pl.^^5lMitcoD4^.rable,flttaiitJip 
tJWil,«rf,.iB §fWStQ8jRf.p|^ty,;Carri^|o t^^mjjre populous qomi. 

ti»r^oe9 «f tlieiiii abb, in the very pioductiTeiyear IBIS, were ship- 
ped tot lMad»n !h>m the dHfeneat porfo in ». Cutminghafne ; but 
thb attiefiQ^ to 49^^ the market f&t, mid' consequent cukivi^- 
titm oC 1^ excellent vegetable^ net with the high reprdbation 
of the pbptdace at the timei (whe^seeniwdoieBied to everlasting 
mirror 10 itheir notions in durtraffic of the food of man,) so fhat 
scnme loatldd €»ps were scuttled, ami 'the potatoes rendered Uiie- 
less.^ Thi^^ pradtieat admotiltioh* was hot* lost tipon farmers ; 
ibr in thts fiTllowing .season 'the <:akivatito of |tk>tat6es9 instead'df 
i>eiog ektended, as it ofeberwrse wotildh^ve been, was dttfitnisth- 
Bd ; ifor 'husbandaieQ, no-more than other people, will ^ert their 
labours on any article which they :have not a "freedom todispd^e 
of^ norm ready demand for* 

Tu^mp. — ^be cultivation of thU fertiliaing . root is far frotn r 
hekig^ general^ liiotwiflbstandifig that no * wheve have greater • 
<cs0ps "of it iMii^n raided i ^jaaoFC^pecially on the improved s^hdy 
aoilsinthe vicinity of^the sea. The reason seems to be, that^ 
«^attle*feedkig ti extremely, tittfle ktiown in this dairy eotintry, . 
where nearly the 'wh(^ attention of the husbandmen is taken . 
up with ibfe mllch^cows; To these &ey give «i occasional supply . 
4>f potatoes in the winter 8easdn^esteemiTig4imt vegetable better * 
•iuiapled fbr thfe purpose than turnip, which ia apt Jto give a bad ^ 
'flavour to the mflL. In the greatest part of the district also, > 


turnipi is very little adapted to- the soil, whic^ is- by far too adfae- 

• • • 

sh^ fer the growth ofJt, neither would It admit of parting off iQ . 
wlflterj were it even ^ thrive. 

Cak ftiOT.r--'1nii3 haa been partidly Jntroduoed into field -cultiT 
vation^ hut only in very amall portions howemar. The crops ate 
^neraUy abundant, and the culture of this" Very tiutritive rootir 
libiely to become moreandmore ext^H^^i^fafe'todre i^ ; 

itttore particulkriy on the: sahdf and th^e mossy soils. It is i^ 
IJHed to di&rent kinds of stock ; horses, milch-cows^ atid hogs. 
' FxAXi?^TbecuitivRtioii of this crbp is very gfeneraVbeui^^it^^ 

or .Cttnainilmme^ ^95 

•en. Bhnosf^ - e^ery &rm.. In . small patdies^ boM«e«^r; Imeir^Iy -for 
the finpdly use o£th& firmer ; and iiis c3ofitag^,/mlpttdehv^bm a 
irixteenth to a qoaftec of.aaacre^ unle6B7it.'ise^ih:^>i^tt6iie$ 
of. Dairy .add Beiih, invpartifcubur^. iviiere .there / a^ Mta^ fields 
of it, e3iU)endii% each to. thxee;or;faur..acre^ 6(r mo^a ;: v'jThe pro* 
duce ruii3 from I& to 3Q. stoned; avBibdiipois^skiitcbed iflaxi, on the 
acra^ There is here a geneiral practice of uommg i»iL«eed^th 
it, which affords a very seasonable. sii|^ly.ofKgrefii:ib6d to the 
milchrcow in the winter storm, while< , the' pulling : o£i Jthe fiaxr 
in itB season, acts as a kind oi tillagfe to the .ydmlg' plants. 

Clovdgk and Rv&GRAS&r-T^These seedaare generallyijsown toge- 
ther ; and the produce, in the best cultivated lands aix)ijiQd the 
t6wns and by the sea coast, is as abundant aa anyjwhece^ else in 
Scotland. But in the remoter parts of theicountry^ oni the strong 
adhesive soils— under the two years' tiUage system, and ifix years' 
grass — ^very little of the clover ever^appears or cornea to .raatud^ 
ty. The hay is therefore composed entirely of ry^-grasa^ not 
much improved, by the general practice of letting it. jq>^ into 
seed, wliich is regularly thrashed out, and forms the chief profit* 
It is sold to dealers, who transport it to England, from wh^u^ 
it returns, under tlie name of JBngliah seed, to supply the. Lothian 
' farmers, among whom this thrifty device, of thrashing ha^^ifitrlittie 
known, . , : .. v,ft 

PASTUREs.-r-As the rye-gras», in the greatest estifnation, is the 
annual kind ; it may well he conceived that the pi^stuies diiittiig 
the fir^t year of their renovation (being the second ywj: pf the 
sipf. years' grass) are very spantily siqiplied with herbage*^; They 
; bf «iQaii& jbettter and better however, every ^yio^Sbag .afilmoo» .ttU 
4.jQctJbe Iwt ye«r pfthe ix>tatiQn:(the sixth) .tbeo^ l would, be ^:tke 
, b^rtic (b}*t foe the. ii?.cffa»e„ of.weeda/aftei: m«ntioBed)!^when. 
tfee^lawd isiag^intcfflitgeotedLto the ploughs to v^i^dergQ t&e aaa». 
loaoi^ement. ap Wfoj^,;,. . ,, .^ t^ .^ [ . . . i 

:/v^eaw)!8^$,o».Nati3i^ EUy^— To a certaBarexteirfiflIltlie.di3trict 



over, there are some swampy Itoda, commonly by the sides of 
the lesser rivulets, whichi being occasionally overflowed, are never 
subjected to the plough, but remain permanently in grass, and 
from which a heavy crop of natural or meadow hay is aritiually 
cut This, in a dry season, when it call be made in safety, is 
perhaps the most nutritive, as it certainly is the best flavoured 
of any. In the upland parts of the country there is more of this 
kind of hay than any other, and it forms a great supply of food 
for stock of all kinds during the winter. 

Weeds. — ^TOese, of many fcindi, and 'abundantly jperhicious, are 
to be found to a great extent among the pastures in the last stages 
of the rotation. In the drier and lighler soil's they consist chiefly 
of ragwood and thistles ; in the more adhesive soils, the dock* 
wood (redshanks,) and more especially rushes, prevail to an over- 
whelming degree; It must however be allowed, that it is a most 
arduous task to drain such* adhesive clays so effectually as to pre- 
vent the growth of these natural, aquatic, productions: It is in 
vain to think that any main drain, by intersecting a head spring, 
might accomplish' this. The whole field is frequently of one uni- 
form nature, the soil being so adhesive or retentive, that filtration 
Is limited to a very little dikance from any ditch that could be 
made. It would require a covered drain in every ridge, and even 
more, where these exceed 18 feet in breadth. On the estate of 
Lainshaw some fields have been laid dry, at even a greater ex- 
tent of drainage, before it was effectual — ^and these drains filled 
with stones. In the vicinity of Loudoun Castle a less expensive 
mode has been adopted : the drains, in every furrow betwixt the 
ridges, are composed of the materials that come out of the drain 
itself — ^which is formed quite narrow at the bottom ; while the 
strong, adliesive turf, taken from the surface, is pressed down as 
far as it will go, leaving a vacuity of about 9 inches in depth, into 
which the water filtrates ; and, collecting force as it runs, falls in- 
to an open ditch at the end of the field. There is an experience 

OF Cunningtamr. 3T 

- of eight years in favours of this mode^ which is so little expeor- 
sive as to cost only 4id. the fall of 6 yards* 

Gardens and Orchards*— -These possessions, so peculiar to « 
country life, are amply enjoyed in Cunninghame. Themeanest 
<:attager has hisiail-yard — ^well replenished- with various kitchen 
vegetables, and not unfrequently ornamented with flowers or 
flowering shrubs ; the tenantry, in addition, have in their*s a se- 
lection of the smaller fruits ;— ^whilst the proprietors have their 
gardens abounding in every horticultural product to be found in 
Britain : and have also their orchards fully stored with all sort of 
fruit trees, which are* the more generally productive from the ge- 
nial nature of the climate, and total exemption from frosty hoars, 
and foggy mists, so pernicious to the fruits in the east countiy. 

*1£ven the orange and the lemon, as at Eglinton Castle, come to 

.maturity in the open air, [but in summer only.] 

Woox>lands and PLANTATiONSi-— There is very little natural 

vwood to be found in this part of Ayrshire. The most ext^isive 
tracts of it, or indeed almost the only parts where it is to be met 

r with, are in the parish of Largs, in the face of those steep braes 
or clifis by the sea shwe, and up some of the small mountain 
streamlets that descend from the hills in that quarter--*-among 
which the Kelly-bum is the most rematkable for natural wood- 
lands. But all the district over, planted wood is to be found 
around the houses of even the smallest heritors, whilst the great- 
er proprietors^ have plantations,, generally on a great scale, and 
being laid . out with great taste on the sides, and tops of all the 
little hills and eminences, give this whole district a most cheerful 
aspect. The most extensive however, of these woodlands, are 
upon the lands around the Castles* of Eglinton and Loudoun, and 
the Houses of Kelbum and Blair, which, among them, have little 
less than 2,000 acres in plantation, much of it old fuU-growii tim- 
ber. Every where planting thrives in this part of the countiy, 
and it would be difficult perhaps to determine which kind is most 



G£N£^EUL descriptiok 

prosperous— whether the larch or the silver firs — ^whether the 
oak, the ash or the beech; even the Spanish chesnut, as on the' 
estate of Blair, thrives to admiration. 

ILibe ^tocii. 

Horses, — In this d^iry district, not a great number of horses 
is required. They are, however, of ar well-selected breed, of strong 
powers, and of activity adequate to every purpose of husbandry. 
It will be seen from the Table of Live Stock, that a considerable 
number is reared annually ; more than sufficient to keep up the 
stock. Those not required at liomie are sold to dealers from Ren-^ 
frew and Lanark shires, and find their way, by the time they are 
three or four years old, to the Lothians, Fife and Angus, to re- 
cruit the stock in these agricultural counties, where breeding is 
not so prevalent 

Cows. — ^The Ciinninghame cows are now spread nearly over 
all Ayrshire, county of Renfrew, and are pretty far advanced in- 
to Lanarkshire, while specimens of them, here and there, are to 
be found in many other parts of Scotland, and even in England ' 
and Ireland. Tl^ey seem to be among the best, if not the very 
best, of the milch-cow kind in Britain. From being so very 
good, however, their merits, like to every thing else extraordinary, 
are apt to be over-rated; That a Cunninghame cow may be found 
that will produce sixteen stones of butter (24 oz. to the lb. equal 
to 384 lbs. avoirdupois) in a season, or double that quantity of 
cheese, is undoubted- — ^but then it requires that the cow herself 
must be among the best of her kind^ fed in the best manner, and 
attended to with the greatest care.* But after a diligent enquiry 
on all the points connected with the dairy, in^ every parish in the 
district, I do not find, that a greater produce can be stated in 
general than one half of these respective quantities ; Yiamely, 
eight Ayrshire stones of butter, or sixteen stones yearly of cheese, 
which correspond to twelve stones avoirdupois (16 oz. to the lb.) 
of butter, or 24 stones (same weight) of cheese, yearly. There is 

ot* Cunningftamc* 


another way in which the produce has been calculated, which I' 
find also to be extravagant ; namely, that a cow produces half or 
her own weight in butter, when her milk is so applied, and her 
whole weight in cheese, when applied to cheese-making only ; — • 
by weight meaning the four quarters, sinking the oflal.* Thus a 
cow of an ordinary size, or about twenty stones Ayrshire weight, 
(the four quarters) should produce ten such stones of butter 
yearly, or twenty stones, if her milk is made into cheese. I find ' 
that such a cow (still in general} may produce three-fourths of 
her weight, or fifteen stones, in cheese, or seven and a half stones 
of butter — 24 oz. to the lb. and 16 lbs. to the stone. 

When I speak of what cows generally yield of butter or of 
cheese yearly, I take the general quality of the pasture, as well 
as the general quality of the cow, into view. Should the pastures 
of this district be as good the first yeal*, (Whisn the herbage is re- 
markably scanty,) and in the last year, (when it is much over-run 
with weeds), as it is in the intermediate, second, third and fourth . 
years ; I should have no doubt, but, that the cow might produce 
her own weight in cheese, yearly, or half her weight in butter :— - 
as I find it to be the case in the well kept pastures, in the hands 
of the proprietors themselves. But taking the whole cows of the 
district, with the pastures, as they are, three-fourths of the weight 
of the cow will be as much cheese, and one half of that weight 
as much butter, as they will each produce yearly. 

The form of the Cunninghame cow is elegant, but must be 
seen to be well' understood. The neck is small ; the head little, 
and the horns short, bending inwards and pointing up ; the coun- 
tenance mild ; the body straight fi^om shoulder to tail • the limbs 
slender, and the udder like a well-ttirned' punch-bowl ; and hav- 
ing the four paps widely set. The head, the neck, and the udder, 
are the chief distifiguishing poiiits. The colours are brown, of 
many hjcies, intermixed and mottled in many a varied form, and 
proportion, with white. Few of tliem have black in the coiijpo-- 


sition, and ialmost none are of one oolpur entirely. The bulls M 
this race are generally good-tempered ; and like to the cows, are 
mild in the countenance also. 

This breed was not originally in this district nor in Ayrshire. 

It has been even introduce at no distant period^ in the memory 

of some old people still Jiving, These reqollect when the whole 

cattle were black, or black and white rigged, that is, with a white 

strip down their back. .Who introdue^ the present breed, is not 

well known. /Probably the people, -at the time, were not aware 

, of the celebrity this; kind was afterwards to acquire, or they would 

.'have been more intent on marking their introduction ; and, by 

( whom. ..My own conjecture is, that they. are either the Holder- 

ness.breed direct, or derived from it — judging from the varied 

^colour, or, what is a more distinct mark — ^the small head and 

slender neck, in which the breeds have a striking resemblance 

to each other. 

The late CqL Fullarton, who wrote an Accounfrof the Husband- 
ry of Ayrshire, in 1793, and whose authority is of considerable 
weight in every thing relating to it ; says, that a Gentleman of 
long experience (Mr. Bruce Campbell) asserts, that this breed 
was introduced, by the then JEarl of Marchmont,.into Ayrshire, 
. and afterwards reared at the seat of the Earl of Glasgow, (Kel« 
.burn,) and from thence spread over all the county. This origin 
of the present Ciinninghame cow, the reader will remark, is not 
inconsistent with the account I have just now given. 

Great pains are taken to preserve the breed pure and unmix* 
ed ; and premiums for the best of the different ages, are annually 
awarded by different Agricultural Societies in the country. 

The produce of the dairy is made up in two distinct modes, 
either by converting it into butter or into cheese. The first pre- 
vails in the vicinity of towns, where it can be disposed of daily, 
as it is made, and is the most lucrative ; as the butter-milk, dis- 
posed of in the same market, gives a considerable addition to the 

or cunningfjame* « 

gross returns. The second mode is adopted in the more remote 
places, (and which may be estimated at three-fourths of the 
whole,) where the cheese is generally stored up, till the whole 
quantity made in a season is collected, — ^when it is sold in whole* 
sale to merchants in towns out of the country a9 well as in it ; 
l)ut seldom yields so much money as when the milk is convert- 
ed into butter. The whey, too, is not quite so valuable as the 
butter-milk, though it yields a considerable value in the feeding 
of pigs. On the other hand, the labour is less in making cheese 
and feeding pigs, (both sold in wholesale,) than in making butter^ 
and selling the milk, as both the butter and milk require a daily 
expence in carrying them to market ; — ^and this requires the la- 
bour of a horse, in addition to the person employed. From 7 to 
S Scots pints (a Scots pint is about 2 quarts English,) are requir- 
ed to produce an Ayrshire pound (24 oz.) of butter. From 55 
to 60 Scots pints produce a stone weight of cheese, (16 lbs. at 24 
oz. to the lb.) The price of butter is from 15 to 18 pence the 
pound, at the average of a season ; some years more, and some 
less. The price of cheese is from 9 to 12 shillings per stone, 
wholesale, at the selling time of year, generally in October. But- 
ter-milk sells almost always at one penny the Scots pint. The 
value of whey is about equal to a halfpenny the pint, in feeding 
.pigs. These circumstances are adduced to. enable the reader to 
compare the respective value of the dairy, as it may be applied 
to the one or the other purpose. The milk in some dairies is 
applied, part of it to the making of butter, and part of it to the 
making of cheese. But in dairies where a regard is paid to the 
character of the cheese, there is no butter made, not even for the 
supply of the famDy ; lest it should be alleged, that the cheese 
might in this way be robbed of part of the cream of its own milL 
— -I need say nothing on the character of the Cunninghame or 
Dunlop cheese j its fame being so generally well established. The 
butter is fully as deserving of praise ; and a considerable quantity 



of it, salted in kitts, is now disposed of, both within the district 
and out of it In several dairies this mode is preferred to selling 
it sweet, in which last state, the sale must be limited to the towns 
in the vicinity, as sweet-butter is neither adapted for long car- 
riage, nor can it afford the expence, in small parcels, of a long 

Sheep. — These are to be seen on almost every farai in the 
lower and more fertile part of the country, but seldom exceeding 
three or four on any. Taken collectively, they amount to a consi- 
derable number ; and as they are almost all of a breed betwixt the 
Bakewell and the Cheviot, they are very valuable. They are kept 
as peitSjBS they are called, being greatly carressed, and remarkably 
tame. Indeed-without this last quality they would not be suffered, 
neither by the tenants nor by the landlords; as the common breed 
of the country, the black-faced, owing to their wild, unquiet 
disposition, are strictly prohibited from entering the hedge-divid- 
ed arable lands. But considerable flocks of these are pastured 
on the. hills and remote moorish lands, on the confines of the 
counties of Lanark and Renfrew, as also on the sea-coast hills 
along the Frith of Clyde. " These,'* as well expressed by Mr. 
Aiton, in his late Survey of Ayrshire, "are the most hardy, active, 
vigorous and restless weather-beaten creatures that are any where 
to be met with.'* They are admirably adapted, however, to their 
situation, where, from the wetness of the soil, a more delicate 
kind could not possibly thrive. It is a pity, however, that they 
are confined the whole season to these humid and exposed pas- 
tures, where in winter they lose nearly aJl the flesh that they have 
acquired i» the summer time — so that every season they have to 
begin the warfare anew with starvation. . Could dry, sound pas- 
tures be acquired for them every winter, in a less exposed situa- 
tion, they could be returned to their native moor pastures every 
summer, with undiminished vigour. They seem also to be sus- 
ceptible of improvement in the kind, as well as other species of. 

or Cunninsl)ame» ^s 

fttock, for in their lamb-state, they are generally brisks handsome 
animals ; and from them might be selected the finest shaped for 
breeding. Were it but one out of a dozen at the first, it would 
not be long till the whole (without crossing) might become as 
handsome, and perhaps little less valuable, than the justly-admir- 
ed Cheviot sheep, themselves. But, till they have adequate win-- 
ter quarters, improvement cannot be expected. 

SwiKE.— These are to be found more or fewer on almost every 
farm :— more especially where cheese is made ; as it is by them 
chiefly that the whey is consumed. It isfound thata pig of fromStO 
12 stone, Ayrshire weight, is fed for every three niilch-cows kept. 
Even where there is no whey produced, yet pigs are fed on other 
offal, although not to so great an extent They are consumed part- 
ly in the country, and partly sent to Glasgow and other populous 
towns beyond it— always in a fresh state from the farmers, as 
whatever curing the bacon or pork may undergo, is by the pur- 
chasers. The number of all these different kinds of stock, will 
be found in the Statistical Table of Live Stock, near the end of 
the work. 

BEEs.—Bee-hives are to be seen all the district over, but not 
many together, in any place; nor does the quantity of honey 
produced, appear to be c6nsiderable. 

Rabbits. — A few straggling families of these are to be found 
along the sandy coast-side from Portencross to Ardrossan ; but 
the only thing like to a warren is in the parish of Stevenston. 
There, among the sand-hills in particular, which extend to 700 
acres or more, betwixt that village and the Garnock Water, per- 
haps 400 dozen of rabbits are fed ; of which about 350 dozen 
are killed annually, leaving about 50 dozen to keep up the breed. 
When these were introduced by the late Robert Cunning- 
hame Esq. of Seabank, he paid to the proprietor of Ardeer 
^15 a ycnr in name of rent. What rent could be afforded now 
from the produce of the rabbits cannot well be ascertained, 


as that sandy tract is let along with other adjoining lands ; and 
besides rabbits, it is stocked also with milch^cows and young cattle« 
The usual price of the carcase of a pair of rabbits, is from 8d to 
Is., and the skins sell at from 8s. to 12s. the dozen : but the ex- 
pence attending this species of livestock, before it can be dispos- 
ed of, is very considerable. 

Game. — This abounds greatly : as partridges in the cultivated 
lands, and grouse in the moors. Ducks and snipes breed plen- 
tifully among the marshes or by the sides of the remaining small 
lochs. The woodcock comes in his season ; and above.all calcur 
lation, hares are to be found on every farm and in every field 
Pheasants are also pretty general, mor^ especially in the neighr 
bdurhood of Eglinton Castle, where the late Earl introduced them 
more than 20 years ago. They seem to take well with the coun- 
try and are spreading wider and wider through it every year. 
Even some golden pheasants, which had escaped from his Lord- 
ship's volery, were found at a considerable distance beyond his 
domains, after having stood the severity of two winters in suc- 

Weights and Measures.-— Butter, cheese, beef, mutton, &c. 
are £K>ld by the pound of 24 ounces English, or avoirdupois 
weight ; groceries and fish, firesh or salt, by the pound of 16 oz.j 
oatmeala by the peck of 8 pounds, Amsterdam weight of 17i oz., 
amounting to 1 40 pounds English, the boll. Bread is sometimes 
sold by the loaf, less or more, at a price certain ; aa, a penny, a 
sixpence, or a shilling; at other times, by the quarter-loaf of 691 
ounces English ; the price varying according to the market. 
Corn is sold by the Winchester bushel, of which, for wheat and 
beans, 4 is accounted a boll j and for oats and barley 8. Pota- 
toes are sold by the peck, of from 38 to 42 pounds English, this 
last amounting to 6 cwt. the boll. Coals are sold by the load of 
3 cwt of these, 8 go to the ton on shipboard, or 24 cwt., though 
in practice 26 cwt. is commonly given — ^but in selling from the 


t>F Cunning!)«ine. 45 

<5hip» the legal ton of 20 cwt is adhered to. Land is measured 
by the Scots chain, by which, 4 acres is a small degree more than 
5 acres English. Spirits are sold by the English pint and gallon ; 
*beer and milk, by the Scots, which is nearly 4 'times the quanti- 
ty, the proportion being as 103w is to 28t. 

As an account of the families of the principal proprietors 
forms a leading object in this work-— some notice of one of the 
mostf ancient and potent; families in Ounningname falls naturally 
to be introduced here ; for its territorial domains were not limited 
to any particular spot, but extended widely through the whole. 
This was the femily of 

IDt ^Orbille. This great family flourished in the 12th cen- 
tury, in the reigns of Alexander L, David I., Malcolm IV., and 
William the Lyon, and, it is not improbable, were introduced in- 
to this country at a more early period,— perhaps in the reign of 
Malcolm Canmore after his restoration in 1057. They were con- 
stables of Scotland, and Lords of Cunninghame, and had very 
great possessions in this part of Ayrshire, as also considerable 
domains in Lothian and Lauderdale; Historical notices of them, 
however, are very scantily supplied, being rather gathered, inci- 
dentally, from 'the history of other families, than from any direct 
account of this family itself! Even-of their place of residence, 
there is neither record nor tradition, though it is probable that 
it would be in Cunninghame, 'where, by far, the greater part of 
their lands were situated. But whether Morville might have 
been the name of their seat here, or, whether they were so de- 
signated from some place abroad, (as in Normandy, from whence 
probably they came,) remains hid in obscurity. There is no 
place now of that name in Cunninghame, ^ nor any where else in 
Scotland. The likest to it, is Morham in East Lothain, in which 
county tliey had considerable possessions : but there is no evi- 
dence nor tradition of them having ever resided there, though 



there was a Place or considerable Mansion there that remained 
till times not very remote. The first of the Mortilx^es^ that ap^ 
pears in any remaining record, was 

L $>Ugb ^^ S^XMillt^ Constable of Scotland, and Lord of 
Cunninghame, who founded the abbey of Kilwinning in 1140, 
and endowed it with revenues so ample, that few temporal Lord- 
ships were at the time so wealthy. He also conferred the great 
barony of Kilmaurs, on Warnebald, the first of the family of Cun- - 
ninghame, afterwards Earls of Glencaim. This was in the reign 
of Alexender Ly betwixt 1107 and 1124, and which shews that 
he was settled in this country a considerable time before the 
founding of the abbey of Kilwinning. He died in 1162. The 
name of his wife is mentioned, being Beatrice de Bello Campa, 
by whom he had his successor, 

IL ]eUcl)artl He Sj^OttiilU, Constable of Scotland, In 1162, 
he confirms a donation, by Robert, the son of the above Warne^ 
bald, to the church of Sancta. Maria of Kelso, — ecdesiam de Kil^ 
mawif et villam tneum de Cunninghum^ SfC. He also granted a 
charter to James de Loudoun, of the barony of Loudoun and 
others, in the reign of William the Lyon, which commenced in 
1165, which shews that this great barony had previously belong- 
ed to the family of de Morville. He died in 1189. By his wife, 
Avicia de Lancaster, be left a son, William, and a daughter, Eva* 
He was succeed hy his son, 

IIL CQilliam De CporbiSe, Constable of Scotland, who also 
granted a charter anew, to James de Loudoun, of the lands of 
Lioudoun. He died in 1196, without issue, and was succeeded 
in his possessions by his sister, 

IIL dBtta, (Sitt) or Ipelenflf l^e married Koland, Lord of Gal- 
loway, and carried with her all the wealth and honours of her own 
family into that of his : her husband, Roland, becoming in her 
right^ G}nstable of Scotland and Lord of Cunninghame, for which 
be paid, as a duty of homage, 700 merks^ to WilUam King of Scots.. 
They were succeeded by their son. 

IV. 9ltttl> C<te9table of Scotland, and Lord of Galloway and 
of dumiaghaine^ ; he, also, gave a charter to the Loudoun fa^ 
mily, (then of the house of Craufurd,) of lands, that had formerly 
ba»t in the family of de Morville ;-<-^namely, Stevenstoun, Mun- 
nock and Crosbie. He died in 1233. He had no sons ; but by 
bis first wife, daughter of Hugh de Lacey he had a daughter^ 
Helen, married to Roger de Quincey, Earl of Winchester, and 
who, in her right, became G>nstable of Scotland, and proprietor 
of a considerable share of the de Morville estate there, particu^^ 
larly in Cunninghame. He died in 1264, and by this marriage 
left three daughters: Isty Elisabeth, married to Alexander 
Cumyn, third Earl of Buchan, and who,, on the death of his fa- 
ther-in-law, became Constable of Scotland : 2d, Margaret, mar« 
ried to William de Ferrats : 3d, Ela, married to Alan de la 
Zuche, which two personages, appear to have obtained with these 
hadieUy pro indiviso^ very valuable possessions in Cunninghamei 
part of the de Morville estate, and which were afterwards forfeit* 
ed by Kobert Bruce for their adherence to the party of their near 
relative, John Balliol. Alan, Lord of Galloway, 2dly, married 
Margaret the eldertdaughter of David, Earl of Huntingdon, next 
brother to William, King of Scots, by whom he had^two daugh- 
ters, Dervioalda and Christian. The latter was married to 
William de Fortibusf, soft of the Earl of Albemarle, but died 
without issue, in 1256. Tile former, 

V. ]D«(t)tgaiOa, was married in 1288, to John Balliol, Lord 
of Bernard Castle in the county of Durham, and who in conse- 
qtience became Lord of Galloway, and,. through some family ar« 
JMigement^ proprietor also of the greater part of the de Morville 
lands in Cunninghame. He died in 1269; and by this marriage 

v^%»%^%»»»^»»^^^»<A%%%» »»*^< ^ » * ^ ^ ^^»%i%»» » ^^%4 % i)»»^%V%^ %»»»^^V»^»*%%v»%>»%^%%%^*^%%v%^^%%'%*^^^^v>^^' 

* This last was afterwards one of (he titles of the Prince of Scotland. Thus, the 
eldest son of James III. in sud act of Parliament dated 1st Jane^ 117S, is stiled Duke:* 
of Rothsay, Earl of Carrick, and Lord of Cunninghame^ without any other titles. See^ 
vol. II. p. 118, lately published. 


left four sons and one daughter. The sons were — 1. Huch, Who 
-died in 12725 without issue : 2d, Alan, who died before Hugh ; 
3d, Alexander, who died in 1279, without issue also, and 4th5 

VL 3fOt)tt TBattiOl, afterwards King of Scots, into whose his^ 
lory, being foreign to the present subject, I enter not. The 
daughter, Marjory, (some call her .Mary,) married John Cumyn 
of Badenoch (the Black Cumyn) said by Lord Hales to have 
been Constable of Scotland in 1270. He was one of the com- 
petitors for the crown, in consequence of being a descendant, 
maternally, from Donald, sometime King of Scots, and brother of 
Malcolm Canmore. HKs son, by the above Lady Magory, was that 
Sir John Cumin, who was slain by Robert Bruce in the church 
at Dumfries, on the 10th JPeb. 1306, >and thus became extinct 
the chief branch of the Cumins as well as the line > of the Lady 
Maijory BaUiol. Her mother, the Lady Dervigalda died in 1289, 
three years before the competition betwixt her son John with 
Robert Bruce, for the crown, was decided; which led to a contest^ 
that, not long after, «nded in the extinction . of this main branch 
of the Balliol Family, 

The connection of the Balliols with Scotland, existed previa- 
ous to the time. that their chief married the heiress of Alan, XiOrd 
of Galloway^ and continued for a considerable time, after that 
tlie royal branch. was expatriated. Thus Henry de Balliol, Lord 
of Redcastle in Angus, was Lord Chamberlain of Scotland, in 
1224, And might have been so, as Crawfurd thinks, before that 
time. He was son of Ingelram de Balliol, of Bernard Castle, by 
the heiress of Sir Walter Barclay of Redcastle, and was grand&*. 
ther of John Balliol, King of Scots. He died in 1246, and waa 
interred in the church of Melrose, when Lora his wife did hom- 
age to Henry III. for the lands he held in England. He left a 
daughter, Constance, who married a Gentleman named Fishburn, 
and brought to him the lands of Redcastle and others, whose 
son, Henry de Fishburn, possessed them in 1306. There was 

another Lord Chamberlain of Scotland of the same family, in 
an after'period, namely. Sir Alexander Balliol, of Cavers in Rox* 
burghshire, who was constituted Great Chamberlain of Scotland 
in 1 290, about the time the competition began, betwixt his kins- 
man the Lord o£ Galloway, and Robert Bruce. He was the son 
of a Sir Alexander Balliol, of Cavers, (son of Hugh de Balliol of 
Haf court atid Bernard Castle,) who made a distinguished appear- 
ance among the great men of Scotland, in the year 1237, on oc- 
cassion of a peace -coneluded betwixt Henry III. of England, and 
Alexander IL King of Scots. He, was also for a short time, 
about the same period. Chancellor of the Kingdom. He married 
Isabel, widow of David de Stf athbogie. Earl of Athole, by whom 
he had a son, Alexander Balliol, who seems, in those ticklish 
times, to have lost &vour with, first the one party, and afterwards 
with the other ; being confined to the Tower of Ix>ndon, at one 
time by Edward H. and at another time his lands of Cavers were 
forfeited by Robert Bruce. He left a son, Thomas de Balliol, 
v^ho recovered diese larlds again; but, having no issue of his own 
body, he resigned them to his brother-in-law, William, Earl of 
Douglas, by a disposition dated 1368 ; ^^ and so ended," says 
Craufurd, " the family of the BaJliols, after they had continued 
in great lustre in this realm upwards bf 200 years/' 

The name of Baillie is thought^ by some, to have been sub- 
stituted for Balliol, on accoiint of the, unpopularity of die two 
sovereigns of that name. The* two names in fact seem to be 
synonymous : Baylofi*, or Baillie, being used indiscriminately for 
each other, and also for Balliol. An exaii^ple of this last appears 
in that carious, ancient book, " Rastel's .Pastime of the People,'* 
first published in 1529, and republished in 1811 ; where John Bal* 
liol. King of Scots, is in one place called John BaylofFe. But what 
seems more decisive — ^the Bailliss of Lamington, in the reign of 
David Bruce,' were of the family of Balhol of Lamington and 

Carnbrue, in the preceding reign. Yet the armorial bearings are 

N ■ 

50 OflMTXRAL bBscitirnoM 

not the same : the arms of the modem Baillics, being a sun, Ori^ 
between nine stars. Argent. But the amis of Balliol, at least 
of John Balliol, King of Scots, were, Or^ an escutcheon, Oules^ 
voided of the field. 

As a matter of curiosity at le^t, the names of those different 
lands that are known to have belonged to the de Morville iamily, . 
in Cunninghame and otlier places in Scotland, shall here be re-> 

1. Loudoun, Stevenstoun, Mannock and Crosbie, conferred : 
by them on the Loudoun family, at different times, 

2. Eilmaurs, and Villam de Cunninghame, conferred by them 
on the Glencairn family. 

3. Bourtreehill, Lambruchton and, Grugar, which William 
de Ferrars and Alan de la Zuche acquired by marriage with the 
grand-daughters of the family, and probably Periston and War- 
rickhill, together with the lands of Dreghom, enjoyed by Johq. 
Balliol and these two Lords, and fi>rfeited by Robert Bruce. 

4. The lands inherited by John Balliol, himself (a great grand- 
son of the family,) namely, Largs, Nodesdale, Dairy, Cruunnock, 
Armsheugh, Kilmarnock great Barony, together with Bonding- 
ton and Hartshaw. 

5. it seems at least probable, that they also possessed at one 
time the extensive domains of Ardnele, Kilbride, Mount Grenan, 
Stewarton and Galston, that were, about the era . of the Brucean 
contest, enjoyed by different branches of the Ross family, — ^ac-- 
knowledged to have been the vassals of the de Morvilles. 

6. Hermanston, in East Lothian, conferred by them on the 
ancestor of Lord Sinclair; also lands about Tranent, and the lands 
of Carfrae, conferred by them on the Seton family and others. 
Besides their lands in Lauderdale, conferred on sundries; and^ 
perhaps more than any of the above, what they conferred at an 
early period on the abbey of Kilwinning ; all which must have 
been more extensive domains, and of more value, than any Ayr- -, at least, ever enjoyed since. 

otp Cunnfngljame. 3i 

From this family being evidently not of native origin,* it be- 
comes a question, not easy to be solved, how it became posses- 
sed of such extensive domains, or acquired so much authority in 
the country ? In these respects, however, this family was not sin- 
gular : In the history of those times, during the reigns of Mal- 
colm Canmore and his early successors on the throne, we find an 
influx into Scotland of foreigners, establishing themselves on the 
fin^t estates, and the best appointments, in it How came it, 
that the Scottish monarchs of that age, had so many fair estates 
to bestow ?. One would conclude, that there had been a general 
forfeiture, by Malcoka, of the great land-holders, for their adhe- 
rence to the usurper, Mad)eth# History, however, records no- 
thing of the kind ; oti the contrary, it may from it be inferred, 
that Macbeth had few hearty adherents ; and that the great body 
of the nation were as glad to receive Malcolm, as he himself was 
to come among them. The Norman Conquest will not accoimt 

for it ; for that did not extend to Scotland. Even a considerable 

• • 

part of the North of England remained under the sway of the 
Scottish monarchs, whilst the Nbrmah princes of that kingdom 
lived at the same time in habits of friendship with their neigh- 
bours tlie Scottish kings. There was also very little internal 
commotion in the country itself, so fruitful, in after ages, of re- 
bellion and forfeiture : for,. of all periods in Scottish history, from 
the rf'storation of Malcom IIL in 1057, till the death of his last 
male descendant, Alexander III. in 1285, this was the most 
peaceful ; and at no former nor after period of like endurance, 
was the crown worn in greater splendour, nor justice administer- 
ed with more mildness and impartiality, than by those Princes 
erf* the Canmorean line. 

* That de Morville was an Anglo-Norman family, seems probable from this, that 
one of that name in the Court of Henry 11. of Fnghii.d, was about this time concerned 
in the slaughter of the haughty Priest Tlromas a Lecker in 1 170 ; namely a Hugh de - 
Morville, not improbably, a relative of the de Mbrvilles of Scotland, though these hadl- 
Wen in this country a considerable time before. ' 


Some have attempted to account for the many and large do- 
jiations of land which, during the early part of this period, afe^ 
tracted so many foreigners to this country— that they werej 
unoccupied and uncultivated, being ^mpossessed before, on ac* 
courtr of their original sterility. But, as nothing is more certain 
than that they are among the best lands of the country, at the 
present time, they must have been so origihalljL: and to suppose, 
that the more early cultivators would prefer the worst soil on 
which to settle, is beyond all reasonable conjecture. 

Respecting tlie de Morvilles; besides the three Constables of 
that natne, I havemet only with tlie name of one more ; namely,, 
Sir Ingram de Morville mentioned in the history of the family 
of Erskincj Earl of Marr, as having married a lady of that House 
^bout the year 1310, and who was then the widow of Thomas^ 
one of the brothers of Robert Bruce. The armorial bearing of 
the de Morvilleiamily is also on record ; namely. Or, three chev- 
tons. Gules. Of this there is an example to be seen in the fami- 
ly vault of the Viscoimts. Arbuthnot, in Kincardineshire, in the* 
church of Arbuthnot There, tlie coat of Hugh le Blond, an an- 
cestor of that House, who lived in the IStli century, is emblazon- 
ed with that of his lady, a daughter of tlie House of de Morville, 
being tliree chevrons, quartered, with a star and a crescent, the 
paternal arms of the family. The arms of Lord^ulis were also 
the same, perhaps, from being descended of, or connected with 
them. That family took the Balliol side in the Brucean Contest 
and met with the same fate,. being forfeited, and never more had 
footing in Scotland. The arms of the Viscount Barrington, in 
the present day ,' are . the same with that. of de JVlorville-^hree 
chevrons:-^ Co/feofed/rom Craufurd's Lives of Officers of State ; 
NisbeVs. Heraldry y vol. IL; Wood^s Pierage ; and Thomson's Reg. 
of CKatters'i lately published. 







ish is gne-of Uie moet cpcCcaudre 'm Cwt- 
aod is situated in die most noitherij:pait 
-ie^ . It is upwaids of 9 miles, in l^gA. 
-bun), on the norths 1;o Faicley>;-bunirpT 
f^ watec^tofl the »puth ; and it i^ betwixt 
4 and 5 miles broad from^ast tio 'west* on its base» without re- 
garding the prolongation 'oF the line that would arise in travers- 
ing it up and down the hills. The extent altp^ther is about 37t : 
sq. miles, or, as more prec[sel^.ascertained by surve)^, about 1.9143 
Scots acres. It is bounded qii the north and north-«a8t, by the. 
county of Renirew; on the east, by the parighea of Kilbitnie.and^ 
Dairy ; on the souths by tiie |{^T^sh of KUbrida, ai|d on the wjesti 
by the Frith of Clyde which,, ip all its win^ng^,.forms. a^eaE^rei 
to it of about 9 mUfes Jong, ; . 

(Eenetal ^peirrance^ The greater pa^ of it is a hill}^ region. 
These hills (as well detined in the Statistical Aixomitof Spot voL : 

o ■"■■ 



[Pansk of 

XVII. p. 504.) " begin to rise in tlie neiglibburing parishes of 

Greenock, Kilmalcolm, Lochwinnoch, Kilbirnie and Dairy, and 

meet in a kind of general summit at the eastern boundary of 

Largs, from which they gradually descend, as they approach the 

shore, till they terminate at last JlTk a» vaxif ty of abrupt declivities^ 

some of which are almost perpendicular, as if part of their base 

had been tbm away by force." ; 

The greater part of these hills are covered with fine green 

pasture, or are sound heath land j some of them present bare 

fronts of rock, whilM others, near to the coast, are covered with ? 


The arable land forms' l6ss thart a fourth part of the whole. . 

It is situated, either in a narrow strip along the coast side ; or in 

,the great vale of* Brfsbane, hy thfe Noddle andf Gogo waters ; or 

in the. lesser vallies formed by the Kelburn, and other smaller 

streams; or^^ lastly, on some brolcen grounds shelving backwards 

^iB those precipitous rocks, by the sea side, betwixt tbQ.^wji . 

of JL^rgs and the northern extrenMty of the parish at iKelly-biirh. 

Ciltnate« This parish having not only some^high hills in it- 
self,, towards the east, but being at no great (Kstancefrom the, 
jbills of Arxan- and of Cowal on the west, it fs pretty much sub- 
ject to frequent rains, and some of them very heavy* Still on the 
whole, these are not pernicious to the crops on the general dry 
soil of this parish, jxot to the Hiealth of the inhabitants. The high : 
hills are a great shelter against the cold east windiB ; whilst the 
west winds, to which only if is exposed^ are always of a genial 
feeling. In fact, the parish* of Largs is remarked for being early 
in its vegetation in the spring and not less early ii^. reaping in 
the harvest^whilst the ajr is of that exhilirating piirity, that the 
I^gs is now very much frequented by ailing people, from other 
part9 of the country, who find their account in the change. 

AoiL*-— The soil along the coast is a sharp gravely as if it had. 
been left at some remote period by the sea ; or a thin layer of 

L4R€fS.] . OF Cunningframe. . S3 

decomposed whinstone w basaltic rock^ near the greater hiHs ; or* 
it is areddish soil focmcd fix>m decomposed sandstone^ which last 
prevails from the Noddle northward, more or less intermixed^ 
with: moss, as it is. more or less distant from the moors. The' 
whole may be said to be ia 'general productive ; ' some of it indeed: 
is remarkably fertile- 

EoatljSl^ — An excellent turnpike road traverses ^ the whole 
length of the parish by the shore side, affording ready access to 
Greenock on the one hand, and Ardrossan, Saitcoats, Irvine, &e* 
on the other ; besides being of vq,i5t benefit to* the internal com- 
munication of one part of the parish with •another. There has, 
not many years ago, be.en a Very good turnpike road made'icrosa^ 
the parish, to the eastward from Largs, by the vale of K<elburn, 
towards Dairy and Kilbiraie ; and there is another in fbrwardnci^s 
up the vale, of Brisbane, towards -Greenock and Poft^Glasgotr, 
whiph, when completed, will ^render the communication tt> thi»* 
parish, irom other parts, among the most accommodating of any 
in the County, while it will shorten the distadic^ ftom liar^ ^tb^ 
Greenock about three miles. • ' ^* 

l^inetaliaf*— There has no coal been found in this parish; but 
the distance to the coal-works at Ardrossan being little moi^ ihaW 
8 miles, by an excellent road, renders this want of -less torisit- 
quence. There are no limeworks erected in it neither, but the 
lately-made road towards Dairy and Eilbimie has op^h^ up a * 
very ready access to the excellent limeworks at Howrat, at the 
distance of about. 5 miles from the town, of Largs, whiteh is not 
far Aom the centre of the patish. 

CropiacCultitmtetl^ — Wheat, to a small extent ; BAAtiiYi vdfy 
little more; . Oats, very extensively; BEANs^not many ; Potatoes, . 
pretty extensively, being more than sufficient for the ilihabifonis,. 
as. the town of Greenock affords a ready market for th6 surplus. 
Turnip, not vejy much, but still is increasing more akA!%iore. 
Lint is cultivated only in small patches, to serve for fenalily uSCo- 


Fallow is beginning to be introduced.-— Sown Gbasses, to an 
extent of all the lands that have, in the preceding year^ been ia 
fallow or drill crops ; ^and about a fourth more on lands sowfi . 
' with oats the second year ; so that three-fourths of the whole 
are on land quite adapted for thenit and the produce, of course, 
is good. Of Meadow there' is^ also a considerable extent. 

In the Parish altogether there are, acres. 

Lands in Tillage, ^... 1074 

Arable in Gr^s, also Meadows, 3246 

Green Pastures, •^ • 5945 

Woodlands, Gardens, ^c.«.«..^ • 530 

.Moorish Lands, Ifeatb, &c #.•• 8348 

Total 19143* 

It is pleasant to have to remark, that tiiere has been a great 
improvement made in the general mode of cultivation, since the 
Sdatistical Account of this parish was written, about 25 years ago, 
and that a considerable addition has been made to the arable 

ILibt S^tOCiL«*-rA consi^rable nuniber of milch-cows for the 

dairy, the produce of whic^ti goes a good way towards paying the 

rent— -but there are more -cattle fbrgrazing5 and young cattle 

rearing ; the general hiQy 'nature of the pastures being more 

adapted to these than to milch-cows. There are many sheep^ 

few parishes in the district 'having pastmre so^much adapted for 

them. The number of all these, and of work^horses and young 

horses rearing, will be seen in the Table of Live Stock. TTie 

practice o£ the faripers -hirir^ their Jborses to :plough lands in 

other parishes, so mu^ reprobated in the Statistical Account, is 

very much worn out. 

r Horses of all descriptions, ...;..;.. 159 ' 

JLitit ^tOCfe^^ Cattle, do..« *• 1^3 

t Sheep,.: 4559 


<xr Cunningjbamt. 


JTilKfjWfW^— The adjacent narrow channel betwixt the town 
of Largs and the opposite coasts of Cumbraes, Bute, and tlowaJ^ 
teems with fish of various kinds, and th^re are several boats em- 
plpyied in fishing the whole year round, so that the inhabitants 
have, in their season, fish in great abundance: as salmon, mackerelf 
haddocks, whitings, cod, and herrings to profusion. Vast quan- 
tities of these are carried by the fishers to Greenock, and other 
towns up the Clyde, or through the country. There may be 
about 30 fishers employed in this sea-faring line. 

^anufactute0«— There is a considerable number of weavers 
nearly all in the town of Largs. Most of these are employed, 
by the Manufacturers of Paisley, in various branches of this 
Muslin or Silk fabrics ; whilst the remainder are employed in 
the more steady customary work, of weaving linen or other stuffii 
for the thrifty country good-wives ; which, if it does not afford 
them so high wiages sometimes, as the first, neither does it leave 
them altogether idle at any time. There is at the village of 
Fairley a very prosperous boat-building business, which is in good 
repute for construction, materials, and workmanship. The in*- 
creasing state of the town of Largs and lesser viUage of Fairley 
gives good employment to the masons . and wrights ; whilst the 
other handy crafts seem to be all in a prosperous way. 

In all, there are of 










»»m»0^rt*»rtir^i n »iifm^a * 










« W l —KOW— l»W 



. 7 

Seafaring people, 36 





Fract. In Law>~. 2 
Do. Medical.-,,^ 1 

jpOpUlatfoa-^This, in the year 1755, was 1164, it decreased 
HI forty years after 44> 1025, \iv!hidi was the return made in 1796. 
Since that period, it has taken a rtoiarkable turn, amoimting in 
1818 to 2272, consisting of 1123 males, and 1149 females ;' and 
this, without taking in any of the numerous ttomgei^t who in the 


summer of that year came to Largs and Fairley for tlie pleasure- 
of searbathingy or the general renovation of their health : these 
amounted to 1QG8, of whmn 3^ were males, and 712 females.. 
Nothing can evince more the healthiness of the place. Of the 
population there may be 

In towns or villages, about 1100 

Total 2272 ' 

QBiat!)ing SMWAttH. — ^Though it is not of very long standing 
that Liargs haa been celebrated for sea-bathing, yet the general 
purity of the air, conjoined with the facUity with which bathing 
can, at aU .times of tide, be accomplished, seems now to have e»- 
tablished its &me. The ready conveyance betwixt the populous 
city of Glasgow and this place, by means« of the steam-boats, 
jBUist have had a tendency, also, to increase^ the number of visi- 
tants. Thfe country too> through which these pass^ abounds with 
the finest scenery imaginable. The very sail itself, must be ex- 
lulirating to .valetudinary people ; whilst the low rate of the fere, 
the qN^ and the certainty with which the voyage is made, ad«^ 
mit of their inends paying tiiem a visit, every day if they chuse. 
The diatance by water from Glasgow, is about 38 miles ; the voy- 
age is performed, iu;. 5 hours j the cabin fare is only 7s. 6d. 

9intete<rJS(--aince the Revolution. 


John Wilson^««#««*26 Jan. 1697i..««*«*««««*««^*«« 

iUKbe^T Cumine^.27 Sep. 1701. 4th July, 1762 r 

I^^nck WaUacesM^lO Aug. 1748, assist & 8uc« 18th Sept 1755 

^GilJkifrtLang,...*.. 3/Aug. .1756, assist & sue.. SOth Dec 1791. 

9tepbeikRowanM..15th May, ]792,..« 4th June, 1801^ 

MABGS.J OF CunningSame; 59 

DiiSfjfenttCltf^*-^ A congregation of Bui^lier Seceders, here, first 
ftssumed a regular form about the jear 1780. Tlieir first Minis-* 
ter was the Kev. William Watson, who was ordained 15th Jan« 
I78S3 and translated to Old Eilpatrick early in winter, 1789. 
Their present Minister, the Rev. John Leech, was ordained 7th- 
Dec 1791. Their meeting-house holds, easily, 400 sitters. The 
number of examinable persons connected with it is about 300> ^ 
besides occasional hearers, especially during the bathing season, 
when there is a great influx of strangers. This congregation, like 
to that of all other Di$senters, is composed of people from differ- 
eat parishes, as well as of that where the place of worship is set 

^CfjOOljS.--— There are six schools in the pariah. Three of 
these are in the village of Largs : namely, the Parish School, 
under the charge of Mr. Gilbert Graham^ ^who^has fiH>m 60 to 
90 scholars, according to the season of the year,< there. being al-^ 
ways more scholars'in winter than in summer, in country places. 
Besides the ordinary Imuicbesof education--^reading writing, amd 
arithmetic — «ome di tliem are taught book^-keeping, £n^iali 
grammar, elocution, and the first principles of Latin aad Graek; 
one school is taught by Mr. Hall, and another by Mr. Beitlh-^ 
these two betwixt them, have somewhat more .sehohMrs. than Mt.. 
Graham* There is an established school, on a small salary, at. 
SBcelmorlie, and another at Fairly ; and one, without any salazjf, . 
at Whitiy-bum, up the Glen of Brisbane. The number of scho- - 
lors in all is 228, being about one-tenth part of the population* 
For the numbers at the various classes, see the Statistical Tables 
sear. the end of the volume. 

JP^t^^T^Tlieiiumber of poor, permanent on the rbl^, Ifr8^, al^d. 
oceasibrially relieve, 1^ or 20. There is distributed among r 
iiiem, annu]%^ abodt'i£150. See also the Statistical Tables. 

CMtthjBt lEimi (EUiiaseiett— Town of Lakgs. This ancient rillageu 
iaaituated on a {^n,0Q the right bank of the Gogp water, wheioie 

_ » 


it falls into the Frith of Clyde, opposite to the isle of Meikle 
C!umbraes. It is about 12 miles north from Saltcoats, and 14 
south-west from Greenock. It has lately increased considerably 
in size, and may contain a population of about 800 souls, being 
an increase of about 300 in the course of the last 20 years. This 
13 independent of occasional lodgers, on account of sea-bathing, 
the number of whom is still more, during the season, than of 
the inhabitants themselves; being upwards of 1000 in the parish, 
as before stated, and who pay at least ^2000 for rent alone. 
Largs is comprehended* in the barony of Brisbane— has a Baron 
Baillie, and a baronial prison^ .or vault,. which is often used as a 
place of temporary confinement for delinquents. A Justice of 
Peace Court- also is held here once a momth. 

The increasing influx of strangers for sea-bathing, and df 
whom many are in a genteel line of life, occasioned Baths, on' an 
elegant plan, to be built for their accommodation. These are 
constructed either for warmer cold bathkig, as may be required. 
They were erected by- subscription, and opened for the public in 
June. 1.816. One end of the building consists of a public room9 
44 feet by 24, for assemblies, and in the bathing season, is used 
as a rieading-room, to which strangers sue admitted by the season, 
month, or week, as it may. suit them. 

There are two good Iubs in the village, and a stage coach 
passes and repasses through it, three days in the week, betwixt 
Ayr and Gr^eaock, and all the intermediate, towns, which affords 
a ready communication witli the neighbouring country ; whilst 
there are excellent post-chaises to be had in it at all times. The 
parish church ,was rebuilt a few years ago, . on. an elegant plan^ 
which unites the venerable aspect of a Gothic exterior to. all the 
internal accommodation of a modem place of worship. It has 
attached to it a tall steeple, with an excellent .clock and a fine 
toned, bell. - The stile of building in the village, has also become 
more and more improved. There are several houses of late 

^ LAUGS,^ OP Cuttttlngljami^ '■ 61 

erected that would b6 esteemed handsome in even the metropb- 
lis of the G^mity, 

Village op Faibley,— This is set down about 2 miles south 
'from LargSi on the coast side, and may contain about 150 inha- 
bitants. It is a very pleasant place, remarkably well sheltered 
amid its own fuU-growai trees ; and from the pefeuliar situation, 
or form of the high grounds adjacent, is very little exposed to 
^stormy weather. There is a verdure here almost pei^etual the 
whole year over. There has of late heeivsome villas erected here 
in a very uncommon stile of elegance) which one l^hould think 
more adapted to an Italian sky, than to the northern latitude of 
.this part of Britain. But this is rather morlB a proof of the geni- 
al temperature of the air in this place, than of ^tny want of pre- 
caution in the architecture of these villas* They are built on the 
lands of the Earl- of Glasgow, to whom lall thiii part of the parish 
belongs, and are^ield in feu or long lease of his Lordship. They 
belong to the following proprietors : Professor Mylne of Glas- 
gow ; — — Parker, Esq.; and Tennent, Esq. — Fairley is 

also used as a bathing station, but is not so well adapted to the 
purpose as Largs. The time of bathing must be limited to the 
water when it is full in-sbore ; as it retires fast back on the ebb 
of tide, to a great distance. 

GoGOsiDE.— To the east of Largs, on the south bank of the 
Gogo^ stands the Uttle village of Gogoside. In the vicinity of 
this village are the lands of Ladeside; a feu from Haily, consist^ 
ing of 6 acres of arable land, and 15 of green-pasture ; a feu off 
Brisbane, to. James Beith, of about 4 acres; a long lease, to 
Thomas and WUliam Jamieson, of about 5 acres of arable land ; 
and some privil^es in the -moor ; a long lease df Townhead of 
Gogoside, consisting of about 5 acres, and some privileges in the 
moors, to Mr. John H3mdman, who holds also in lease an old 
Mansion and Garden, with about an acre of land in the town of 
Largs^ These proprietors^ or their tenants, with their cottagers, 

Q ' 


^ FAETICVLAK PBSCimiON l,Pkriih of 

who workat a wool or^ajg mill, i» ^jrogoskie^ indudife itiieiinrlidlB^ 
population of thia village^ which will not nmdi exceed 100 souls. 
Villas.— I» the vicinity of Largs, there haa^been of late a 
considerable extent of greuod taken. o£& ;bj different persons, in 
feu £rom the estate of Brisbane^ in parcels nukre or, less from half 
an acre each, up to .2, 3, or 4 ; and in one ca^e to the ^ct^it of 
8 acres. On all these, there has bem set down ^ome remarkably 
elegant villas, in the finest taste, each amid its own gardens and 
shrabberyi. . The view, from them all, abounds in that greatly- 
diversified scenery, which the Frith of Clyde here exhibits, itt 
various combinations^ wkh .the coast .g£ Cowal and thp different 
islands of Bute, Arran,^and the Cumbraes. The different pro*^^ 
prietors of these, are the following : — 

Mrs. Boyd, 
Dr.. Franas Brown,, 
John Carnie, Esq. . 
John Ewing, Esq. , 

J; Jamieson, Esq. 
James Long, Esq.. 
Kobert Lang, Esq. 
Rev.. John Leech, 

Tho. Maxwell, Esq. 
Rev« Dr. Mitchel, 
Hn^i Morrice, £sq« 

Mrs. Wyllie. 

There is also ^a^handsome villa, almost within the town, be* 
longing to Captain . Robert Morrice; called Muirbum-house ; 
and at a little distance, in the same quarter stands the Manse, a 
house of some shew. There. are. several goodly fabricks too, 
built on speculation fcif bathing quarters, among which Mr. T. 
Underwood's and Mr. Cochran's may be stated, as specimens of 
gented and commodious lodgings. Laigs, indeedVin con^ 
quence of all these, has become -remarkably resplendent. 

Sjfitmon iLoOget — ^The Largs' St John's Lo^, was establish- 
ed here by a Charter, dated 21st Dec. 1767, from the Grand 
Lodge of Scotland — and was then ranked as No. 2S4, but is now 
No. 174. The present Master is John Carnie, Esq. 

Sj^atfkttg anH MV0^ — In Largs there is a weekly Market on- 
Thursdays, and four annual Fairs,. the most remarkable of these 
is St. Columbus' Day — usually called Comb's Day, which is held : 
onthe. first Tuesday of June, Q.S. This fair is famous over, the ^ 

lfAiias.y oF^ dtnningHamt. 6S 

west of Scotland, and continues from Monday to Thursday in«- 
dusive, though Tuesday is the day of greatest resort'-~where peo» 
pie come firom 40 to 50 miles round ; some for business, but, 
jgenerally, more for amusement THe whole week is indeed a 
kind of Jubilee. One hundred boats or more are to be seen on 
this occasion, in the Bay : these come chiefly with Highlanders 
from the islands in the Frith, and many frotn beyond it, in the 
Shire of Argyle.— Such a vast multitude cannot be accommoda- 
ted with beds, and the Highlanders in particular do not seem to 
think such accommodation necessary. They spend the whole 
nights in rustic sports, carousing in Tents, or dancing on the ^ 
Green to the sound of the Bagpipes. 'Every one who chuses is 
aUowed to join.this, which forms their principal amusement 

This was more the case formerly than at present, though 
there is still a very great assemblage of Lowlanders as well as 
Highlanders, and much traiHc in small-wares is still carried on- 
betwixt the parties, in exchanging the commodities which each 
can spare, for others of greater utility. - Tliere is also a more . 
important dealing in cattle, which seems rather to be on the in- 
ttpease— the time of year suiting those who have occasion to fill- 
up the stock on their pasture lands. 

IBattle of iLargSf.— The account, by Hector Boy ce, of this me- 
morable battle^ was published in Latin, in 1526, about 260 years 
after it happened, which was on the 2d and 3d Oct 1263. It 
was soon after translated inta the common language of the coun- 
try at the time, by Ballenden, in what was called " The Groni- 
kilis," of which the following is an'abridgementan modern terms: ^ 
That Acho, King of Norway, after subdiiing the islands of Arran^ 
and Bute, landed liis forces on Albion ; and after a long seige,* 
took the castle of Ayr, and began to waste the adjacent country.. 
On this, Alexander, King of Scots, collected an army of 40,000^- 
men to meet him, and divided it into three " battles." In the first, 
wing was a. valiant Captain, Alexander Stewart,j(vho had with him: 


all the men of Argyle, Lenox, Atiiol, and Galloway : In the 1^ 
was Patrick Dunbar, having with him the men of LiOthian, Fife, 
JVIers, Berwick, and Stirling : In the* middle ward was King Alex- 
ander,, with the remaining people of Scotland, to supporjt the 
,wiugs when danger ". occuriet/' That King . Alexander, seeing 
his enemies in sight, caused Mass to be performed in his army, 
,and made them a speech ; and King Acho, in like manner, made 
a speech to his army also, (both well penned by Boyce himself); 
And that-gcarcely w^ere " thir.wordis ended," when both the ar» 
jmies began ". to array other." That Acho came with all his 
" ordenance'\on the middle, where King Alexander was " arrayit" 
for the time, trusting, that if it was broke, the other battles (or 
wings) would soon be " vainquishit" That the battle was very 
fierce on both. sides, especially where the two Kings were; for 
they rushed always to the parts . where they saw their people 
weakest, exhorting them to shew their manhood and courage. 
King Acho, " incontinent," with a, band of forty ** campionis," 
rushed out through the .battle where Kii^ Alexandier fought. 
Nevertheless^he was stoutly resisted ; for Alexander had «q great 
a number of people with him, that he " stuffit the battle" with 
fresh men, in all parts where it failed, till at last, both wings of 
the Danes were put to flight. " Incontinent" Alexander Stew- 
art, of Paisley, came with a " Buschement" of fresh men to the 
middle ward, -where King Alexander was fighting with King 
Acho, with " long bergane and uncertain victory," Tlie Danea 
seeing this Alexander coming with " new and recent victory" on 
them, gave back ; on whom followed the. Scots with great cruel- 
ty through all Cunninghame, and made " ithand" [diligent] 
slaughter of them, till night put an end to all their labour. On 
tlie morrow, King Acho fled with a small number to the castle 
of Ayr, where he got tidings of his fleet of 50 ships, that it had 
perished in a tempest, all except four ; besides that, the mari- 
liers, after the " tinsal" of their ships, had been slain by the 


OF Cunnin^ame. 


country people. That Kiag Acho, broken in this manner, Hed 
with the four ships to Orkney, In this battle were »lain 24,0Q0 
Danes, and 5000 Scots,— So far Boece, who does not mention 
the number of King Acho's army originally. He states the bat- 
tie to have taken place on the 3d of Aug. 1263, being the day 
also, in which^ he says, King Acho arrived in the Hebrides, The 
account of it^ in the Encyclopedia Britannica, is in substance 
nearly the same with his; with the addition, that the middle 
ward, where Alexander himself commanded, consisted of the 
men of Perthshire, Angus, Meams, and the northern counties ; 
.and differs in stating, that, of the Norwegian army of 20,000 
men, 16,000 were killed on the spot; and of their fleet of 160 
sail, so few escaped . the wreck, that Haco could scarcely find a 
vessel to carry hinv with a few friends, to Orkney, where he soon 
after died of grief. 

To these British accounts of this ^nguinary. engagement,— 
so remarkable in its consequences, that there has never again been 
a Dane nor a Norwegian that has set a foot in Britain in a hos- 
tile manner, — rl shall now add an abstract of the account given 
. of it by the Norwegians themselves, whose cause of knowledge 
should be inferior to none. This account was published in 1782, 
vin the Icelandic language on one page, and in English on the 
opposite; translated!:^ the Rev. James Johnston, Chaplain to 
the British Embassy at the Court of Copenhagen : a work rare- 
Jy to be met with. It bears to have been written in the 14th 
century, or from the year 1300 till 1400 ; and the author might 
have had his information, either from some of those who were at 
the battle, or from their immediate descendents. This abstract 
is limited to the account of the Battle of Largs, and the transac- 
tions of the Norwegians in the Frith of Clyde, with very little 

additional matter : ^^ The truce was now declared to be void^ 

'The King (Haco) accordingly sent sixty ships into Loch-Long. 
When they came into, the inlet, they took their boats atid drew 


66 PABTicuxAR DESCRIPTION [Parish (>f 

them up into a great lake, which is called Loch-Lomond/ Oh 
the far side round this lake, was an Earldom, called Lenox. Ki 
the lake were a great many islands well inhabited ; these die 
Norwegians wasted with fire. They also burnt * all the buildings 
about the lake and made great devastation^— Alan, the brother of 
King Dugald, (an Hebredian chief,) marched far over into Scot- 
land, and killed great jaumbers of the inhabitants* He took many 
hundred head of cattle, and made vast havock. Afterwards, the 
. Norwegians retired to their fleet, and met with so violent a storm, 
that it dashed in pieces about ten of their ships in Loch-Long.' 
" King Haco lay still in the Hebrides,'[meaning the islands in 
the Erith of Clyde]. Michaelmass (Sept. 29.) fell on a Saturday; 
and on the Monday night (Oct. 1st) following^ there came a great 
tempest, with hailstonea and rain. The watch on the forecastle 
of the King's ship, called out, that a transport vessel was driving 
Aill:against their- cable" — [Here follows a narrative of the means 
used to get quit of this transport, which finally] — ^' floated with 
the tide, and together with a galley, wa» cast ashore on Scotland. 

* * * * * *. , The fleet in the mean time was forced up 
the channel, and the tempest that day (Oct. 2.) was so furious 
that some vessels cut away their masts and others ran aground 

* * *• Five. vessels were cast ashore, and so great was ' the 
storm, that people said, it was raised by power of Magic Thie 
quantity of rain, was prodigious. . 

"When, the Scots saw the vessels had run aground, they 
assembled together, and advancing against the Norwegians, at- 
tacked them with missile weapons. These, however, defended 
themselves gallantly, under cover of their ships« The Scots 
made several attempts, at difierent times, but killed few, though 
many were wounded. , King Haco, as the wind was now some- 
what abated, sent in some boats with a reinforcement. 

" AAerwards, the king himself, attended by Thorlaug Bosi». 
. aet sail in a barge belonging to the masters of the lights. As 

JjARGs:] op Cunnlng|)ame. &i 

soon as the King's men approached the land, the Scots retired, 
and the Norwegians continued ashore all night. The Scots, how- 
ever, during the darkness, entered tlie transport, and carried off 
as much of the lading as they could. On the morning (Oct 3.) 
the king with a numerous reinforcement came ashore, and he or- 
dered the transport to be lightened, and towed out to the ships. 
In a little time they descried the Scottish army, and it was so 
numerous that they supposed the King of Scotland was present. 
Ogmund Krakidauts, with his company, wasf stationed on a hill. 
The Scottish Van skirmished with his men ; and their main body 
coming on, the Norwegians entreated the King, as they were 
anxious for his safety,- to row to his fleet, and send them help. 
The King insisted to remain on shore, but they wotdd not assent 
to his continuing any longer exposed ; he therefore sailed out 
in a barge to his ship* at the Cumbraes. The whole number of 
soldiers who remained on land were eight or nine hundred. Two 
hundred men were upon the rising ground with Ogmund ; but the 
rest of the troops were posted down upon the beach. 

" The Scottish army now advanced. It was conjectured to 
consist of near fifteen hundred Knights, [ Rideres which may also 
be translated HorsemenJ] All their horses had breast-plates; 
and there were many Spanish steads in complete armour. The 
Scottish King Iiad, besides, a numerous army of foot soldiers weU 
accoutred. They generally had bows and spears; 

" The Norwegians on the hill, apprehensive of being sur- 
rounded, began to retire in scattered parties towards the sea. 
Andrew Nicolson observing this, came up to the rising ground 
and desired Ogmund to draw off his men towards the beach, but 
not to retreat so perceptibly as if he fled. The Scots at this time 
attacked them furiously with darts and stones. Showers of wea- 
pons were poured upon the Norwegians, who defended thent- 
selves and retired in good order. But when they approached 
the sea, hurry ing faster than another, those on thebeackv 

68 PARTieULilE DESCRIPTION [Pariih of 

supposed they had been routed Some therefore leaped into 
their boats, and pushed off from the land ; others jumpedinto 
the transport. Their companions called on them to return, and 
some returned, although few, Andrew Pott leaped over twjo 
boats into a third, and so escaped from land. Many boats went 
down ; and some men were lost; and the rest of the Norwegians 
..wheeled about at last to the sea- Here Haco of Skeine, CMe of 
King Haco's household, fell. A part of the Norwegians were 
driven south from the transport, and were Jieaded by Andrew 
Nicolson, Ogmund Krakidauts, Thorlaug Bosi and Paul Soor. 
There soon began a severe contest, though very unequal, as ten 
Scots fought against each Norwegian. Among the Scots there 
Was a young Knight called Ferash, [probably Fergus,] equally dis- 
tinguished for his birth and fortune. He wore a helmet plated 
with gold and set with precious stones, and the rest of his ar-^ 
mour was of a piece with it. He rode gallantly up to the Nor- 
wegians, but no other ventured. He galloped frequently along 
the Norwegian line, and then back to his followers. Andrew 
Nicolson had now reached the Scottish van. He encountered 
this illustrious knight, and struck, at his thigh with such force 
that he cut it off through the armour, with his sword, which pe- 
rnetrated to the saddle. The Norwegians stript him of his beau- 
tiful belt The hardest contest then commenced. Many feH 
,on both sides, but more of the Scots. 

** During the battle there was so great a tempest, that King 
Haco saw no possibility of bringing the army ashore. Ronald 
and Eilif, of Naustadale, with some men rowed to land, and great* 
ly distinguished themselves, as did those troops that had before 
gone out in their boats. Ronald in the end was repijlsed to his 
ships, but Eilif behaved most heroically. The Norwegians now 
began to form themselves anew, and the Scots took possession 
of the rising ground. There were continual skirmishes with 
. atones and missile weapons, but towai'ds evening the Norwegians 

y^AttGS.\ OF cunningljatttt. W 

•made a desperate charge against the Scots on the hill. The Scot*; 
tlien left the eminence, and fled where they could, away to their 
mountains. Tlie Norwegians perceiving this, retired to their 
boats^ and rowing out to their ships, luckily escaped the storra^ 
^n the morning they came biick in search of the bodies of those 
who had dropt. Among the dead were Haco of Steine, and 
'Thorgisi Eloppa, both belonging to King Haco's household* 
There fell also a worthy vassal called Karlhoved, from Drontheim^ 
and another vassal called Kulkel, from Fiorde. Besides these, 
died three masters of the lights. It is impossible for the Nor- 
"wegians to tell how many were killed of the Scots, because those 
who dropt were taken up arid removed to the woods. King Haco 
ordered his dead to be carried to a church, 

" Five days after, (0(;t, 8.) King Haco ordered liis men to 
weigh anchor and bring his ship close under the Cumbraes. He 
was soon joined by the squadron that had been in Loch-Long. 
On the fast-day following, tlie weather was good, and the king sent 
some retainers ashore to burn the vessels that had been stranded. 
That same day the king sailed past Gumbraeto Melansey, where 
he lay some nights." [This Melansay must be the isle of Lam- 
lash, where the cell of St. Melance is still to be seen, and where 
is the best natural harbour in the Frith of Clyde]. " Haco soon 
after sailed homewards by the following places mentioned : San- 
dey, Gudey [now called Gigha], Kerrary, Calf of Mull, Rauney 
[now Isle of Rum], Westerford in^Skye, Cape Wrath, which he 
passed on the feast of' the apostles Simon and Jude, being tlie 
28th of Oct and is stated to have fallen on a Sunday,'' which 
corresponds to the Michaelmas of that year having fallen on ^ 
Saturday, and is therefore corroborative of thedate of the battle 
having been on the 3d of October, not the 3d of Aug. as all our 
own historians assert, on the authority of Hector Boece, who 
states, that the fleet of King Haco, arrived in the Hebrides on 
the 3d of August, after which his army subdued the islands of 



Arran and Bute— and took, after a long seige, the castle of Ayr, 
and fought afterwards at Largs, on the same third of August af- 
ter all. An incongruity, sufficientof itself, to discredit his whole 

Haco after passing Cape Wrath, on the 28th Oct as above, 
" sailed next day for the Orkneys, which he reached in the even- 
ing, and resolving to winter there, retained with him twenty of 
his ships, and sent the rest home. He himself abode at Kirk- 
wall and lodged in the Bishop's palace. There he died on Sar* 
turd&y, the 15th of Dec. being two days after the festival of St. 
Lucia, which, that year, fell upon a Thiursday." This is aiiothe}^« 
proof of the accuracy of the dates of this Icelandic author. The 
Michaelmas day and the 15th of Dec. being always on the same 
day of the week*. 

There seems to; be one thing however in which . the Norse 
account, and that of Hector Boece agree ; namely, that the battle 
of Largs was fiercely fought on both sides ; and, that the Norwe- 
gians were ultimately defeated, may be inferred from the conse- 
quences; — ^but that either the one army or the other was so nu- 
merous, as is asserted by our own historians, is utterly incredible, 
as weU as the number of; slain on the part of the Norwegians. 
Where was the shipping tliat could have brought such an army, 
that, after leaving 24,000 slain on the field of Largs, was yet so 
numerous as to be able to retreat 30 mileaby land (from Largs 
to Ayr,) in the face of 35,000 men, left of the victorious army;, 
as stated by Boece ? All the navy he admits the Norwegian 
King to have had,. from the commencement, was but 50 ships ; 
of which only 4 escaped the general wreck^-which is itself a pre- 
sumptive evidence of the weakness of their construction, or rar- 
ther of their diminutive size. Fifty sail of British ships of the 
line, in the present times, could not have transported such aa 
army, far less could 50 such vessels as were in use in those days.. 
Luckily, there is a description of one of the largest of King:. 


OF €unntn0]baine« 


Haco's ships, and the most magnifieent of th^m all, iii the Ice- 
landic account It is thus : — ^^ During this voyage King Haco 
had that great vessel which he had caused to be constructed at 
Bergeli. It was built entirely of oak, and contained twenty-seven 
benches of oars. It was ornamented with heads and necks of 
dragons beautifully overlaid with gold."- It is extremely proba- 
ble that his whole fleet consisted only of similar open vessels like 
this, impelled by oars, as well as by sails, and that there was not. 
a full-decked ship among them alL 

Fordun, who wrote neairCT than Boece, by more than 100 
years, to the era of the Battle of Largs, and of course less ready 
to be misled by vague traditionary legends, is nevertheless led off 
his feet in his account of the mean» by which the Norwegians 
were repulsed, by imputing nearly the whole to the agency of 
St. Margaret the Queen of Malcom Canmore,as some raving man 
had previously seen in a vision. The chapter in which he relates 
tliis, (being book IX, ch. 5.) is entitled, " Concerning the Battle of 
JLargSj and the Victory by means of Margaret ^ Queen of Scotland.^^ 
He allows Haco 160 ships, and furnishes him with 20,000 
men ; and says, that, coming, to the new castle of Ayr, he after- 
wards attacked and took the castles of Arran and Bute ; and that 
the Battle of Largs was fought on the 8th Sept. 1263 : that the 
Scots were commanded by Alexander Stewart of Dundoriald, 
unde of the Noble Walter Stewart who married Maijory, daugh- 
ter of King Robert de Brois : and thafe on our side there fell Peter 
Curry Miles. " In the meantime, by the will of God and the 
exertions of the Qqeen Saint Margaret,. Protectorix of the king- 
dom of Scotland, there arose, on the very day of the battle, a 
-most violent tempest in the sea, which, tossing the ships, tore up 
tlieir anchors, made their masts go by board and all their tackle 
give way, from the immense billows, and rage of the winds ; so 
that, the sliips being dashed against one another, and wrecked on. 
thelftndandonjrocks, Uiousandsof the people were drowned, and> 


4Decaiiic the prey, of the sea ; and those who did reach the lanS 
•were iniinediatcly met by our people, arid killed, or put to flight 
and drowned. Among the many thousands that perished, the 
King of Norway had to lament one noble Norwegian, his grand- 
son, a man , of great strength and activity. The King himself 
scarcely effected his escape : griev^l and sorrowing, and with nt) 
small confusion, he reached the Orkneys, where, passing the win- 
der in the expectation of a more powerful force for the subjuga- 
t:tio:i of the Scots, he died." — ^Tliese are all the circumstances re- 
garding this battle mentioned by this writer, the most ancient of 
the Scottish liistorians. In its principa) features it bears a strik- 
ing resemblance to the Icelandic account itself; only the great 
storm, which both parties considered at the time as supernatural, 
is imputed by the one, te the agency of evil spirits, and by the 
odier, to the influence of their tutelary guardian, both in confor- 
mity to their feelings on the occasion. As the occurrence of this 
great hurricane cannot well be doubted, it is an evidence so far, 
that the battle took place in the stormy season, about the equi- 
nox, as related by the Norwegians, rather than in the beginning 
of August, as Boece has it, commonly the mildest season of the 

(JBfitutt0 auD SamiUtfi. 

Kelly. — Commencing from the north, the first lands to which 
we come is that part of the Kelly estate, belonging to Robert 
Wallace, Esq. which is situated in the parish of Largs, on" the 
south side of Kelly-burn, opposite to Kelly-house. This stream- 
let flows through a romantic narrow dale, called from it, Kelly- 
Glen, which on both sides is greatly ornamented j by extensive 
coppice woods and plantations, so as to yield to few in richness 
of scenery.r — Here also is set down the garden, the situation of 
which is peculiarly sweet and imposing. 

The main body, however, of this estate, is fiituated on the 
florth side of the water, in the county 6f Renfrew, and therefore 


i<\ ' OF Cunnitt^attie. 73 

.does not'fall within d; topographical description of Ayrshire, i 
have only merely to remark, that it was. purchased 28 years ago, 
from a family of the name of Bannatyne, which had possessed 
k for ages.-— Since that time, there has been erected on it an ele* 
^gant mansion; the arable and the pasture lands have been 
much extended and improved ; large plantations have been made, 
which are uncommonly thriving ; the pheasant has been intro- 
duced into the w:oodlands, and the black-cock among the moors ; 
1,0th of which are increasing wonderfully, and spreading aU over 
the country, where neither the one nor the other were before 
known. The whole of this has been the work of the present 
j>roprietor<i who has rendered Kelly >House one of the finest pla^ 
ces of residence on the coast side. 

Those lands which Mr. Wallace has in this parish, were ob- 
tained in consequence o£an excambion, made betwixt the late 
Earl of Eglinton and him in 1814. ^ They are part of the ancient 
barony of Skelmorley, and consist of nearly 150 acres, partly moss, 
partly moor, and partly a fine bank of woodland* The moor^ 
since that time, has been planted, and great improvements have 
been made on the moss land. On the other hand, his Lordship 
got about 40 acres of arable and woodland, which Mr. Wallace 
had piu*chased from the Earl of Glasgow for the purpose, in the 
immediate vicinity of Skelmorley-house ; so that this excambion 
. has added considerably to the beauty of botli properties. 

Mr. Wallace having thus become a proprietor in the county 
of Ayr, where his ancestors had formerly considerable possessions, 
the pedigree of his family fallcr now to be brought into .this account 

(IBailace of %iXk^. 

. The renowned Sir William Wallace of Eldersly^ Governor of 
Scotland, was, according to Ctawfiird, put to death by Edward L 
of England, in 1305. He left issue oj^y one daughter, who was 
married to Sir William Baillie of Lamingtoun, firom whom is des- 
cended the present family of IloSs Baillie of Lamingtoun, and 



[Parish of" 

others connected 'with that honourable and very ancient House.. 
The lands of £ldersly retnrned to the family of Oraigie, from 
whence he was derived, and became the patrimony of John. 
Wallace, a younger son of that House in the reign of Robert IH. 
in 1398*. Crawfurd tEaces down the succession of the Wallaces 
of ISdersly, from this pei^sonage^ through the several generations, 


I. William, Wallace of EMersly, who obtained a Charter 

-of these lands in 1554, with whom I shall commence the regular 
genealogy of the family of BMllj^ giving the account of it, war- 
ranted from authentic documents. > He married Catherine, daugh- 
ter of Hugh Crawford of Kilbimi^, by wh6n> he had three sons : 
1. William ; 2. John ; 3. James. - He was succeeded by his eld- 
est son,. 

II. WiLLLAM Wallace Tof Efdersly. . He had- a son, 

HL Hugh Wallace of Eldersly, who had a Charter in 1640, 
|xrooeedii^ on his own resignation, from his superior. Sir Hugh 
Wallace of Cmigie, in. which he is designed ** Of Eldersly Dilec- 
tus boiisanguiseam nostrum.V ' He died without issue, on which 
the representaltion of the &mily devolved on his unde^ 

IL John Wallace second son of No. I. in this account. He 
married Margaret^ daughter of John Hamilton of Ferguslee, 
(descended of the &inily of Orbistoim), by whom he had two 
sons: 1. James^ Wallace of Lorabank, who died without issue ;% 

III. WiLLLAM Wallace, who married Margaret, daughter of 
Hugh Stewart of Neilstoun-side, widi whom he acquired the lands 
of Ndl8toun*side and Jhiimgrain. * He had two sons : 1. John ; 
2. William. He was succeeded by his -eldest son, 
' ^ IV. JoAn Wallace of Neilstoun-side, ^ho sold that proper- 
' ty in 1713,' ^He had three daughters, but left no issue male» 
^en the representation of the family fell to his brother. 

x^%%»%.^%»»^^^<^^^%^^^%^%»<%<^^^<^»^»»%%%%»^^^»»»»%%»»%%»»^%>»»^»%» »»<»»■«. 

^ Cnwford'9 Historj of Renfiewshire, p. 6L 

'rS.] OP Cunnin^ame. rs 

IV. WiLMAM Wallace, who was a metcbaM in Glasgow^ 
and quired the laEnds of OveFkirkton and othiers in the parish 
of Neilstoun, which he aflerw^ds sold in 1690. . Who he married* 
ifr not tftentioned, but he had twd sons : 1. John ; 2. Thomas, 

V. John Wallace, the eldest son, married Jean, daughter of 
Thomas Kennedy, M.D. Glasgow, by whom he had an only 
daughter, Helen, who married Archibald Campbell of Succoth, 
to whom she had Sit Ilay Camp]i>dl, Bart Lord President of the 
<3ourt of Session, and others* ' , 

V. Thomas Wallace, the t^eeond scHi, Acquired the lands of 
Caimhill in Ayrshire. In 1710 he Aiarried Lilias Cunning- 
hame, daughter of William Cunningharae, Esq. of Craigends, by 
whom he had three totks^ William, tlohn ^d Hiigh. 

VI. -William WALLAe»> the eWe^ son, succeeded him in 
Caimhill.' He married iEt daughft^ of Atthibakl Campbell of 
Succoth, by whom ke had three tions, who died Without issue, 
and a daughter^ . 

Vn. LiLiAS WALLiefeofCiiWihill, who married Olpt Peirier 
of Summrerford in Stiyltngi^ire, ahd by him liad issue-^hree 
sons and two daughters. Hie eldest son, John, is heir apparent 
of Cairnhill. 

VL John Walljuc^) the second sob of Thomas of Cairnhill, 
acquired the lands of Cessbock in the same neighbourhood, which 
he afterwards sold, and then purchased the lands of Kelly in the 
county of Renfrew*.. He married Janet, . daughter of Robert 
CSoIqdhoun, Esq. by whom he had two sons who survived him, 
Robert and James^ and set^tal daughters. He was succeeded by 
bis eldest son, 

vn. RoBEft-r W^AULh&ty now of Kelly, who nrarried a daugh« 
ler of Sir William Forbes, Bt of Craigievar* He is the nearept 
heir male of the family of- Wallace of Cairnhill, and also of the 
Wallaces of Neilstoun-side ^ and of Ferguslee, by direct lineal 
descent ; likewise of the more ancient family of Wallace of. £Le- 

•■"Ki PAiuricuxAn PES^BftxioK [Parish^ 

•derslyi and as the heirs male of the original stock of Wallace of 

. Craigie have failed in the direct line, of course Mr. Wallace be- 
comes the nearest heir male of that very ancient House, of which 
several of its members besides the renowned Sir William have 
had the honour of Knighthood conferred on them, as sJso two 

^ patents of Baronetage. " ;; 

Sk EL MORLE Y.T— Fergus Fosterson^ mentioned in 1 296, in the Rag- 

unan Roll, among the barons of Cunninghame, Nisbet conjectures 
to liave been of the old Foresters of Hkelmorley^ " of whom," he 
adds, in 1720, "there are few now remaining." Atwhat time they 
ceased to be proprietors of this estate, is to me unknown. In 
the reign of Robert III. {inter 1390 e/ 1406), it belonged to Sir 
William Cunninghame of Kilmaurs: and about the year 146Q, 
it WAS the property of the Eglinton family, with whom it still re- 
mains. It is the most northerly estate, including tliat. part as 
above, given off to Kelly, that is in this parish, or in Ayrshire. 
It extends about a. mile and a half along the shore, and stretch- 
es backwards three miles or more :— the whole breadth of the 
parish in this quarter. It extends in all to nearly 2,400 acres, of 
.which, though the greater proportion is ipopri covered with heath, 
yet a considerable part is fertile, arable land, more esplsciaUy 
along the shore, or sloping backwards from the top of that pre- 
cipitous bank of roek, so beautifully masked >vith wood, in the 
vicinity of the coafit -The woodlands, indeed, \on this property, 
whether natural or planted^ are remarkably thriving, and greatly 
embellish this portion of the parish. In this is included the lands 
of Bridgend, that were acquired to. this estate, in excambion, for 
those given off to Kelly. These are situated on its southern 
march; and, in Blau's Map of Cunningham^ published in 1648, 
tare called S. Sckelmorly^ from which it seems probable, that they 
once formed part of this ancient BaroBy. . The hoqse or old cas- 
tle, of Skelmorley is set down on the brink of the steep bank, 
•where it terminates at the southern extremity of the estate, and 

JbUemUar^ leaf to front patfe ^«. 

TIm AfW* vf Wallace of Kelly«-{see o{^)OBite^f«)>»-are- 
QfloiVaAj I lat wtd 4th, Gules, a Lion rampant, far Wallace ;— 
3d and fbS a f esse. Cheque, Argent and Azure» (or 3L>indsar :— 
Crest, a PeiiEter Axm in mail grasping a Sword vtcct Motto, 
Pro (ofx^ATS- 

"Xhe felioving view is at the bottom of the gardm it Kelly 
TIffiMriiiin rustic arch over Kelly bum connecting at tfast 0lHi» 
Ab SJiife of Ayr witb the county of Reo^vr. 

Intercalary leaf coimicUd with Kelly. 
No. 1. 

No. 2. 

No. 1. — Two views of a singular Chair in the possession of' 
Mr. Wallace of Kelly, said to have been the Chair of Justice, of 
the last Lord Chancellor of Scotland. (Lord Seafield.) 

No. 2.^— Representation of three wooden Spears . or Prongs 
found in 1817 in a moss near to Kelly burn, about 4 feet below 
the surface, lying horizontally on the Arm soil on which the moss 
had grown. They are of black or red oak cut out of a solid piece 
of wood ; each 7^ feet long — the prongs 21 inches in length and' 
about 3 inches separated ; — very sharply pointed. The whole 
highly polished when found, but have since become shrunk an4- 

48 half hid with its turrets, amid the plantations with which it is 

rsurrounded. It was built in 1502, and had an addition made to 
it ip, 1636. Tlie late Earl of Eglinton lived some years in it, in 

ran early part of his life, and it is stiH an occasional residence of 

^bixlt^' branch of his noble family. It is certainly^ ill point of 
situation, a very pleasant and most delightful place, with its 

^old-fashioned gardens, terraces, and shrubbery. The house it- 
self, (similar to other ancient fabricks,) notwithstanding of its 
narrow winding stairs, and rootiois passing from one to another, 

oip steps and down steps in the same story, is possessed of con- 
siderable accommodation. The view from it over the Frith of 

^Clyde, to the opposite islands of Bute, Arran and Cumbraes^ is 
not to be surpassed in .picturesque .scenery by any prospect^in 

'>Britain. ^ 

iS^ontsomerg Of ^fteimocieg. 

Sir Alexander de Montgomery. of Akdrossan, first Loid 
Montgomery, married Margaret, second daughter of Sir Thomas 
Boyd of Kilmarnock, by whom he had issue—several sons and 
daughters ; [See EgHnloun ;] 'the second son was, 

L George Montgomery, to whom his father gave a Charter, 
vdated 6th June, 1461, of the lands of Lochlibo-side ; Hartfield, 
and Colply, (since called 'Oupla, or Uplaw,) in the county of 
Renfrew j^and of Skelmorley in the shire of Ayr, which last fie- 
t^me the residence of the family. : . -, 

He married Anne, daughter of l^r John Houstoun. of that 

ilk, by whom he had issue — ^two-sons. He died in 1505, aiid 

.^as succeeded by his eldest son, 

. . IL John Montgomery of Skelmorley. He married 4he 

/Jbeiiess of Montgomery of Lochranza, in the isle of ^Arran, and 

♦ added, fn consequence, th at ^very pleasant property to his other 

possessions. When he died is not mentioned .; but by this Latiy 

Jbe had a son, who succeeded him, 

IIJ. CuTHBERT Montgomery of Skelmorley. He married 



m nett. raUtivQ fiKubeth, daughter of Houstoun o£ HbatUiitti^ 
by wfa4>ml]eJiad:i88i]e^--«'two sonsul. Greorge; 2. Akxftodnriof 
Portray* » 

He accoBipaiuc^ James IV. to the battle of Flowden, where 
he waa killed on* the 9th. SepL 15L2, aad was succeeded by his 
eldest SQD>. . i , 

IV. George Moi^xaoicEaY of Skelmoeley, who-being at this - 
time under age, his wardship wa&assigned by the Crowjo, to Ca- 
therine) the eighth and youngest daughter of Hugh, first Earl of 
Eglinton, by Lady Helen Campbell, daughter of Colin, first £ar]l 
of Argyki. This Lady be afterwards married^ and by her had 
two sons : L Thomas ;:2» Robert* The first died unmarried, be- 
fore his father, .when^ iie was succeeded by his second son, 

V. BoBERT Montgomery of Skelmorley, who is so designed 
in 1572, in a bond of lawtuid delfnce with Lord Sempil; a com* 
naon practice in those ages, and all sometimes of little enough 
i^raiL He entered de^y into the family feud betwixt the two 
Houses of Eglinton and Gleneaim, and killed Alexander Cun- 
ninghame, Commendator of Kilwinning, a son of the latter, iii 
revenge for which, he was himself and hia eldest son, at the same 
time, killed in 1594^ by Patrick Maxwell of Newark, a natural ' 
ally of the Glencairn, family, his mother being a daughter of 
Cuuninghame of Cfaig^nds, one of the most respectable cadets 
<^^th8t House. 

He married Dorothea, a daughter of Robert the third Lbrd 
Semp^, by Elisabeth Carlyle of the House of Torthorald^ by 
,^hom he had issue — ^two surviving sons : 1 • Robert ; 2. George, 
asceator of Uste Montgomeries of Kirktonholme, now represent- 
ed by^ £^ James Montgpmerie Cunninghame of CorsehHl, &c.. 
He was succeeded by his eldest son, 

VL Sir Robert Montgokery of Skelidorley. He cameto the 
estate at an eventfld period, ia the great feud.betwixt the two fa- 
milies of Eglinton and Glencainu For, in the spirit o{ the times, . 

lie: had Bot only th^ 4eat]b of h» fiitiber asi4 %Qlt&0r 10 ^vefhge, 
but .th»t afeio of tl>e chief of bis house, I^u^h the fourth Earl of 
EgUnton, who.aljout the a^rae time was iBurdereiJl)^ the Ciux-* 
niughames, while on his return to Eglintoij Castle from Roberta 
land, on the 12th of April, 1589, near \o St^ipfarton. Sir Robert* 
set no bounds tp hii» wr^,th, but indulged in it with^uch eagerness, 
as to occasion very much bloodshed of hij enemies. For this 
he was afterwards seiaed with remorse, and iu expiation perform- 
ed .many acts of charity and morti^cation in his latter days. He 
was knighted by James the VL and wast laAerwards, in 16!^, cre- 
ated a Baronet by- Charles L He married Margaret^ eldest 
daughter of Sir William Ddu^la^ of Dmmlanngt (maternally des* 
cended of the House of Eglinton,) by whom ha had a soil) Ro^ 
b'ert, of whom afterwards* 

He erected that elejgant. niQnument; i|i>d fiweral vault, in an 
aile of the old church of lArg^» and >^hiah still''' remains entirp, 
although the church itself has been rcmovjed. lllie monument 
forms an arch and two coiupartraents^ i^uj^rt)^ by 18 pillars of 
the Corinthian order, surmounted ^^^th cherubims. Above the 
arch is a small pyramid^ finished at the top with a globe. .It is 
very richly carved^ i»ud is highly admired for the great taste dis- 
played.. It was built in 1686, andlaaust have been erected at a'^ 
very great expence, even' in those j^ays.— -On the roof of the ailer' 
are painted tjie twelve signs of the zodiac^ and several views of 
the House of Skelmorley, wjth that of the premature death 6f a 
Lady, of the family, who was killed by the kick pf a^horse. It is 
likewi{(e adorned with several texts of Scripture, and various es^^ 
cutchions of the di&rent relative? of that ancient family. — ^Under 
this 4s the vault, in which are two niches where, in leaden coflSns,/ 
are deposited the remains of Sir Robert himself, and hi» Lady^ 
who died in 1d24. On Sir Robert's is the following inscription i- 


* ^* A 


80 FARTICULAft BESORIPTldN [Pattsk of 

This plainly alliides to the Emperor Charles V. who liaffhls 

funeral obsequies performed before his death : for Sir Robert 
himseFf beoomirig seriously aSlcted in the latter part of his life, 
among other acts of mortification, repaired hither at nights fqr 
devotional meditations, and thus, as it were, burying himself alive. 
He died in 1651, after enjoying the estate of Skelmorley diuring 
a period of G7 years. His son, 

VIL Robert Montgomery, younger, of Skelmorley, niarried 
Lady Mary Campbell,' fourth daughter of Archibald seventh Earl 
of Argyle, by whom he had two sons : 1. Robert ; 2. Henry, an 
officer in the Army, who died without issue. He died m the 
lifetime of his father, 'Sir 'RcJb^rt, who was succeeded by hits 

Vin. Sir Robert Montgomery of Skelmorley, a Gentle- 
man in high estimation for every honourable and virtuous dispo- 
sition. He married Antonia, one of two daughters, and co-heirs 
of Sir James Scott of Rossie in Fife, and by her had four sons • 
1. James ; 2. Hugh, of whom afterwards ; 3. Archibald ; 4. John; 
both died without issue. ' iSir Robert the second Baronet, died 
7th Peb. 1684, and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

IX. Sir James Montgomery of Skelmorley, a man of a very 
active political character,, and not unlike to some of the best po* 
litical characters in after times, did not sti<^ so closely to his 
party, «s implicitly to give up his owti opinions. He was at first 
very zealous in the Revolution of 1688, and was deputed by thp 
Scottish Convention in 1689, along with the Earl of Argyle an4 
Sir John Dalrymple, to present the Crown and administer the 
Oaths to King William and Queen Mary. He soon after became 
disgusted with the measures of the new Court, and entered into 
a treaty with the abdicated King at St Germains, to procure his 
restoration — ^in which a chief article was, to secure the establish- 
ment of Presbytery in Scotland This plot being discovered, he 
lay hid for i^ome tinie ip^LQodon, wA finding that he could not 


OF Cunningfiamt 


Jhave a pardon without making a full discovery, he cho«e rather 
to go beyond sea. ^^ His art in managing such a design/* says 
Bishop Burnet, ^^ and his firmness in not discovering his kccofm-^ 
pliers, raised his character as much as it ruined his fortane.'* He 
was not even more complying at the Court of St Grermains, 
where, on accpjifit of his steady adherence to the Protestant re- 
ligion, he was not so cordially received as he expected; and 
meeting with little there /but disgust, he died in 1694, it is sup 
posed of vexation. He marrieid Lady JMary Johnston, sister of 
•the first Marquis of Annandale, by whom he had two sons : 1. 
Robert; ^.^ William, a colonel, in the army, who died without 


X. Sib. Robert Montgomery of Skelmorley, the eldest son, 

^ succeeded to his title and estates. /He: was Governor of a Grarrison 
in Ireland, and died in August 1731^ He married Frances, eld-* 
est of the two daughtersofColond Francis Stirling, of the fami- 

Ay of Keir, and by. her, who died at Skelmorl^, 9th June, 1759, 

^ Jfiad three daughters, of whom Afterwards. 

On the death of Sir .Robert, the third Baronet, in 1731, as 

^.above, he waa« the title by his uncle; 

IX. Sib Hugh Mo(ktgomer¥, fourth Baronet of Skelmorley, 

, one of the first merchants in Glasgow, which town he represented 

^ in Parliament He was a.Commissioner for the Treaty of Union, 
and took an active part in the discussions that then ensued, op- 
posing several. of the dauses. Before his accession to the title, 

^he had acquired the estate of Skelthorley from his nephew, and 
made an entail of his extensive landed property Jn 1728. He 
died without issue in 1735, when, in terms of the. above settle^ 
ment, he was succeeded by the eldest daughter of his nephew, 

^Sir Robert, who, as above noticed, left three daughters, of whom 

. the second and third died unmarried. The eldest, 

XL LiLiAs Montgomery of JSkelmorley, was served heir 

•to lier grand-unQle, the above Sir Hugh, on the 4th Oct. 17aS, 


«pd* maidediii!u]r1^,l>il<LBluiN^ ' MoK^POoMBiiir of ^CbiCsMi^D,* - 
to whom she had a numerous issue^ and died in 1783. {Foi:' the 
Qontinuaiion of this fiuaBft^AcwiBk^«s6e^£^ 

Bms^^Moa^t^ aiid AiicH£2f 6ii:BTn, helongiiig to thi^s Earli:^ G\^^ 
gow« This estate. t»MMiftts of about 300 acres arable latid^ • 
aod SQQiofimoor pasture i»d woodland. Ifesttctchesfifrcmi the 
4ea backwards about iwiomilfiSv1.ilVit joins t^iands tX Outerwards, 
)«;id.«Afit and wast Grasswtfds^oli the^sHtmnit tctf the rfsang ground '^ 
i^iaton.tte noiib^west £»mis the v^ale of <Brisbaxre^ "Ititasrbeen 
40 ihr poaseaaioa of the i^lasgow 4&Kii^ sihee tibe faegfmfing of 
tho last century^ about which time it was, obtained from, a dfamily - 
«^tlw ttame of Cr«wford, *»4id tiad io^^ 

Bx.ACKBousE.-^Soutk from the preceding fends, ^ate situated 
the holds of Bbckhoase^ divided into the'tiii*^e "possessions of 
. Dikes^ Millrig and Saitit Fhilans- These extendi in all, tb ' per- 
.:^tip3^50 acises, in which are some thriving woods and plantations. 
Th^^eatest proportion is arable land, but there is stai a great 
^f)Ql*tS(H). of moor. There haa been much improvement made on * 
^ these iands hj a former proprietor^ as wdfl as by the present. - 
^e teQigits too ha^e a spirk of ^etdidvation in-l^m. Tiiruips 
' are cultivated here, which is always a good indication of the 
ibfmer as well as of the ^fiLi I c^idd havortaken notice of this 
4n thd two {^receding properties abo, where^ in both, this 'matik: of ' 
^jgQod Jbusbandfy ia to bean seeii^ liiid toan equftl exteitt. No 
.part x^ this pffppalyfext^ vefy 

., near its I and is co^n^srl^d ^n^ a good" pri vatef i*oad# It be- 
longed^^ Jiong, tiiTM?, to. tt^rfa^^^ ,«f;Bannatya« .of Kelly^ {des^ 
; cende^ of 4^iyD)e%;i|i<t)i«jisi9 «A Bp^iie;) and w^s^old^y ^leesm alftjc^Ut 
v^ff ypWtagOi.4P l5Bft^ Owm«5;*iho,: in 17^5^ eK>ld ittb: Waiiian 
. Ma^^od B^nnatyne, U«g- Rjepisesejilive of: the ftmily 0f K&mes, 
. who .iom^ovod f^ byfjeneUwwg ^thelajrfcde fSiidvfcfy 

sold it to the present proprietor, Archibidd. OsmpbeUj Baq». The 
fatnily of ' 

0Batm9tsne Of ftdnteiei; 

Tbough takhig their Gaelic patronifeaick of M'Omelytie oi 
M^Amel^ne from remoter aneestonr^ • deduce ibeir descent from 
Gilbert, who lived v^m the reiga of' Alexander IIL tvhose son, 
Giiberty ami -grandmrn, Jotmi^ obtained Charters (in the possessir 
oa ofXotd'BaiiQat^ne) from Walter> Steiwd of Scotland, of se» 
veml'iaads'naiiBttte^iol'riwhiobthe'bsffooy of Camts or Kambs» 
waa fiifteni^rds iitomiiosed:. One of these baa the singalarity that 
the- King himself,' Rbbert Bruce, appears in it as a witness, thus 
dest^edt'^^* IlluBlirisiniin Reo&Seotiaeit^E^ Dominus Gal- 

lovidiae'fratar ejus, et Thomas Ailiulph (evidently the well-known 
Randolph)! Cdmfis .Mora^iaei"* Jhis must have been prior ta 
Sept I518,i when (Edward fellTat di^ baUle of Dundalk 

This John iwbo Appears to have held the situation of Cham* 
berlmn-of'Biite,'ttQder.the<Steward of Scotland, besides his own 
and hisfttther's lahdcf-in^ Buteiip^esessqd |h? Dimidieta^ terrarum 
deCordbieiiii the; parish of I^undona]4y m appears ..from a Char- 
ter in the first year of R<rf}ert If. coBfirfaing an annual rent out 
^ these lands ** tptaeffvuA quon^wft Jodoqee Gilbert!." (See Tkot^ 
son* Reg. Idii^ 'Sigi) • 

' i !!Ffae ifftenHediBte titles: being 1q8(^' no ttooount'cair be given 
of tile inifnediate>suiccessorriof John, vrho, from Che Charter last 
refisirred to, ' must h^efdied bdare! :ld7<2; but that his land6 in 
•Blite:and;tbese bf-Gorsbieia Ajrshire, had d^cended from him. 
to l^oipas BaBDKcfattyn|9,. .«r Bannatjine* of Camys, probably his 
grandson, or great grands(Mi». ami fifth or sixth in descent A* 
^SUbert^rst < iiamed<^aQd from Th64i4S; to his sop Ninian, and 
biy'gnmdaOn. Robert*4?fron» ivhich last the descent of the faciilf 
oan:b.^diidtinetIy:tncedia thejtitUlaQf the estate; are instructed 
ifa^#hel><BUq«ipg.trtita In iUieippssesjsioo'.Hof J^ord, Bannatyne: 
namely) lat» an Instrument of Protett^ J«o; U90» takjen byllf^- 

20th i)^ 1^45, of 4^8mbiid,3iyi^ Gbfttecs 

ef (filbert und Jbtm, ^wjytj^^jt^MSfipf nj^^ r«R^»itfi«i0 >«the]»» 
and some lobda-in Argyleshire, and tfie '4^.t^9iidtadi^fBtoQ»r 
tyn? Yards in t|i§ .pwifll:,^^ylP#S<i)f^l4y4!*il«?; Mi^^hma 

•^Hector. ^vas served beif t9;his>rathei^^ixM^.iR>J$bia»c4pMiltedaj^ 
^nna^^B^^«r4j9.— 'See<< ,Abbr« In()uis, t7# \,]^',^t'^XA.v.. . 
- ' ',^'^\aL.|fe^ ?Wisr«ed $aiaiibei|», daq^^ (CffvlVlNftb JSIi^rt 

-tails EIMt^^td|^ghfi«p of Sir, Jaines £^^^i9var(i;J0f Su^l^ iRhoi« 

lie had a «k)n, H]^^TQitdA^K^p^» ol''^Kaii^i» 

*ied i ^^^ .;to rj^^t^;, • ^aigjhter^ < Sat >,G«9flgo #««vrell10f 

iTewarl^.f^if^jW ^e hi4 J«T^Lchydrepi iybQfj9P^cji(yeiiBg{ 


hafl are m'aWii«l!iy desceade^ bjc wbpig ^JfeM^fWiip^ c|^^ 
~r-none of whom survived- him but a son, James^.ani ihc^ttflmfe 
Isabella* 'Hejwtea^wcfee^edbrJiw v-^ti - ' J— ^K;\^ 

esteeirieif in liis n^lgbbiHirhoo^^ • He d|€4 iwinawadat l||M«M ' 
advanced age of M ; when- the vepreseotarf^oo of mei jftinjl^^ r 
mLcciimoa to the iremfiiamg pitrt of the eatatq^^ apeo^i^im 
ne^hew^ the son ^ hitf sister^ ^ - . . l : i , .. ,:;/ ^vj.^ .^/.j 


i . .•« 

•lASCis.) OF ciinningliAnt. 8$^ 

:Tif. : 

IsABZLtA BiioiATiNE, who married Roderick M-Leod, Esq. 
W, Si fa* wbine pBttttwl deMnt IH)4!'Sil'lNV$rMiNi'M<[LiM'Bf ^ 
BemcM, ;«ii8g«r son of «t^Ited«ri(9E M'Li^id n^f 'l!ti'it^Bir'&!^,' 
" Dunjlui' BuMagfc'^— !Ths'ilH<ie'«ffti^thsrri%^''Vra ttro'aUii' 
ayd-fim ttnjjbwits. ' MMuln, ibe'l^oAiigfest'^i <!li^;m'eiiri/ 
1^. •Thi'Mmt'Kia^ ■ ''-■ '■,•'' ''"' 

■Ihe^HMl. WitUklt Itkctnni'BA'miAt'rMit, MicceedbJ hts uil^. 

ed oM-viliilM 8MMI^'af-^'C(Aiige of Junfce; and t<>oli:'&U' 
natinlilnBimdi l^llwltild'ta^aiidibflAni'BitKKATTMk'iaii 
T ui ilifciy i» <iiiiftrtited. Of tHediwu^teBt Itete were'mtrH^,. 
-AtiiM,1a<i«»HM«i> G»l. Sr Xohn M<Gregor Mumy, Biiii' 
of £»Brii!iM3Mlle)'ibiaieriy'An(Bto/CebM'ia theiervieeafih^'' 
Em» lMU»'C6mp*i^,to'w1nm she has issuie, ' 

Etak UKSnGoa MosraT, C of die Badl, Lieut-Cotoh^ ot 
the Mh R^' Mgl^ IK«goons, and Depute Acgatanti^D^ 
the Eingfa IWcea 41: Madras. He WWried ^lAdj' £UiBa>etti 
Mnna;', thtird diiu^tcir of* John, Duke of AthoIe,!V *1>oi^^e''^ 
•lia* tm> sona and three daugtten. The eldeat ion b ' ' ,' . ''' . 
-JoBK Athoi,x'Baki)att»b IitGMttOR McMuiii. '.''", '" 

- 4rbe oiiwr Mttemrinttgea of the KatneilfiiUtirjif'lilf^'ibeaiC 
lirtthdie Jt<fii»ialds of GaatTic and-Uayi^CitepbeilaofArd- ' 
hiagbriM-^^H:!mU''nr;Hq96i^-or^ay, an ancji4nt'«id,iw^ 
sourabh bnoiji of ttf M'Daqgdc of Ijom! WTJanthho&f , 
H'Ltitchlan ; U^ai^bto'ii ef ')(l}^ugl>t6ni"C«mpMU «f i.i^' ' 
oh iri» M c k;igteiwWa;h a >«lj a wa fcia fc, a<toiiHUdsl&>i^ 
Mattfmeieimaa: ■■' ■•;•;•'■■' ' ' ■• .■r' ■■;;■■.-'■.'■"■■.■•< -i-^ 

.A«ittL->4Jwlited7: Iatl«tt^'(Eni!»,'it'a^t "' 

'tw<killre«lItiQeta. eV.'fi^ Mjd<n<t^tt^ 

tw6 Angels '^tdlatit Crest, a ' ^emUDn^oii; ^ ; 


gra^ a Durk proper.~-Motto, N«:o Crro N£e Tards,'' aed bdow 
as in the Arms of Macleodf-^^ Mubfs Ahskeus.*'^ 

Knock.^— The next estate is Knocks the : okl . oasde of ^fi^eb^. 
now ruioous, is situated^ oa the edge ofa^eep bapk wi|h» 100* 
yards of the sea^.aod so. ouich hid aBKmg>90inerial| graving wood' 
that hardly any part of it is to be seen. This prQperty<^irR& loni^: 
possessed by a. respectable family, of the oaHie cff F#«2#r'C9f|iich 
was allied by marrt^gp to the first families ia Cunmng)uiiQ!& Thfe.^ 
&tst of them who {Assessed it. vas John» the thiirdsQiliofiHii^* 
Fraeer of Fsirlyhope in* Tweedale^ and* of Lovat in the notth, vtho^ 
got a Charter .in H02L.of these, lands from Robert m. Hm:fii<^ 
mily continued in possession aboutJ250 years. The fast of tliem>^ 
Alexander Fraz^r^ soKl-this property to Sir ^[iabert Mbptgpiiiery 
of Skeiraorley, in tlie year L6745f whose, gj^iidson^SSjrBs^ 
Montgomery^ disposed of it in lj696 to the Kelburn fiimilyi witk 


. * Besides l^e Bannatyq^es of Kell^f who obtained a gmt .of these laudc nulkie ,tbiui^ 
300 years ago, (See « Crauf litd's Hist, of Renf." p. 94.) the Ballahtines' bTCi^tlehiU 
n^ar Ayr, .thoi^ tifey kpeU th^ n^^^^ little di^rei^, are descended 'firoin the' 
Homse of Kame^ by Jlichs^d,;i youpgp^ son of the family, 4irho, on-nmnrying re^)ec«^ 
tably in ihiscoiinty^ became Provost of Ayr, a situation afterwards held by ^several of, 
his descendants.: ' . 

Among several branches of the family who held property jn Bute^niras.Nhiiaa ? 
Bannatyne of KerrUariaont,^ who^manied Lttcretia Boyd,' daughter of Bdyi of Trochrigy . 
kxf whom he bad a; son* John, wfao-'maniod Jjuiet, a d4ug|iter of Bani|afyil^of Iioubas, 
Vy whom he had two sons and a daughter, 'the eldest son, (finian, ap^uked the lands 
of Gi^Kdrmn in AepcaSBh of Rs&nrsck, now^repreeent^d by Jdhii Kinnat jrtie, merchant; 
Londop. The second son, the Rcfir Oogald Ba«9alyiie» ^praLmlaister ijf KUniory itu 
Arran,- who by his wife; Helen Htktcheson of *Monkwood,'ac9uire4 the Jaxii4^^ Shields 
In the-p^rfsh af St. Quivoz^ $md'foinoBnr.repKesdnted bf his gnmdsia^^-'Dttgald Banna^* 
tyn^ £m. Glasgow. .The daughter was manied to . . ' ' 7 - 
"•'liieKeT. DuGiLD Stewart, Minister of ''Roth^ay, father orthe hte MatheV 
ftr&w AT^ PrSfessor bf Mathernatickin tb^yiaktll^^ >rhoseson ia' 

me present Dugald Stewart, Esq. of Catrine in A^nhire,, whoee literary clv^actee 
is well known to the public ; and who was first appomted Professor of Mathematics^ 
and afterwards of Mor4k'9I41o6ophf,nn ite Uxa» Uifivtraiiy $ whiebSast liMaikD is 
still vested in his person,'though, for some dme. pas^ the jLe^turiog hais deroked upon^ 
Snd ^s^)aiy aiui emolomeantaleiHo be drawn byv an assistant and successor. He 
married Isi^hia own coustHt^ter to,tl^ abare Dn^d ^moa^:fBii^t^^%pi9iW^%^V 
whom he his i9sue-^Lieut.-Col.'Ma(3iew Stewart. 'He 2dly*n^rrled Hefeii v'Arcy^ 
Gitniloun/dai%hter.of tfcr Ifoiu^Geoige'CAQStoimy and sister <if Cfeorge Ctanstoim/ 
Esq* Advocate. 

lmiM)itS06mofMg>tmd oAeiB, ^nd it retnaint stills the ^df>#rty 
of AJaboae 1 o£ .Bnsbaoe; It ^ extendi^ to iJx>Ut ^30 AOtBS, nke 
^ffMw f9eAi%tsiAei Midi d^^ - '^ ^- il i^ *, 

QsABTi&tt^fivimedijatety' 80^ from tlie la&t mentioned, iind ' 
i(^.bQi»idM by ifae amicoaBt/aiesitiMted tbeland» «^ Qyial^S6fj 
9E1)08e» wiA the adjacent Ibnds^ cxf Routialmm, i«^i^ 6rigiililly 
pa]4pCilM>.l»tdfli.of £1109^^^^^ They were ptlrcta&sed 'froiA ^MM 
Frtmeg ff Knocki idbaiit theLjeao 1630, by John Ninian; <^ Memi- 
fapor Ml Laig&'V. jTbb Johb Ninktn had three grand-daugliterB/to 
etieh of wboim Jie.gair& a fkrixi. Ooe (^ these married Jiftm 
Huotor ofi JBuaaein^mbiuy,an married John HenderM!^; 

mod the third married Frazet of HangingheughV ^ ' * > 

.iVbODt .^0^^^^ 17^^ Mr. Wilson of Haily, having '4o)d 
Skirnie land^. in the pawh of Fenwick, to Bailie Foulds in- Kil- 
marnookf^purdiawd^inn Beiijamin Henderson-, gritodiioti'oi^this 
above J^ti\ oite bf tlie pjQ«rticHt3us,-^the North Quarter } iiii^si)Qjut 
tiwdbve yearn ago, anotiiei^ p6rtidn,'^^he South l^aiter, vr^ ^ttr-^^ 
chased by him also, from John Paton, grandson of John: Hunter: . 
se. that he n%vr pobsefises both- the Quarters. These lairidire^t^bd 
to upwards, of 150, aczreSjK. of wliich'.about 120 id ftsable iland, mosib 
o^ tt v^^^'prodttdtke. : *l^ere is about "10 acres i>fS'(>odland, a 
part qfwIvidi>.a.st0€^l>ank^iexti»dnig' nearly half a miJe, wkhiti 
100 yti[Ast<y( the §hib*e, is bfeautifuliy covered with naiviral jv^qjc^ 
greatly thickened fay plantations'^, whilst part of the; steep.-feifds* 
iibave tb^f^hfek IB 93k>. / Jt is there' that JiSpj^.W^spDi a 

ffiw jHSNTfi agivcait diD(ton'«piainl)Ut very tOihtnodrous rinafi^i^oti 
•hi a|Jjparen^^^^ pfthgi mq^t exposed sitwation^ t}iat:can:^ell; 

pjbturesqiie seenciy^c^^ of water, islands, and diste(nt 



[Pansh ef 

mountains, exceeded by none, or rather not equdll^d by any; 
The orchard, planted in the vicinity ' of tlie house, on the summit 
of this high bank (about 100 feet almost pefpendicnlarabov^ the 
narrow plain by the seashore bdow), in the year 18^19, was in full 
bearing at the end of June, without a shrivelled leaf on eith^ 
fruit or forest tree, whilst in all the. country over there'W«l9.not a 
single garden nor a plantation that escaped damage frbtti the se-- 
vere frosts in the preceding month of May. To account for this 
exception, perhaps may not be very easy; but it seems to be 
this,-7-that as the lands above this bank rise gradually to a con* 
siderable height to the eastward — ^that the rising sun n^ver shines 
early on this place, but continues concealed behind the hills, for 
two or three hours in the mornings, of even the longest day,-— 
of course, the transition from cold frost to warm sunshine never 
occurs suddenly, the one being dissolved before the other is felt* 
This should account for the saving of the fruit and forest trees. 
The shelter from the ,west winds, for that is dso a &ct, may be 
occasioned by the .winds being impelled, when they ^strike ^gaihst 
the almost upright bank of an hundred feet in height, to take a 
direct course .upwards, so as not again to sweep along the surface 
of the earth till they are fairly past .over the house vand orchard 
on the top of the brae. 

RouTiNBURN. — The 3d Portion lies immediately south from 
the Quarterj and consists of perhaps about 50.acres, of which there 
may be 4 or 5 in natural woods , on the ^sea bank, and thejrest aH 
arable, and productive land. About four years ago, the heirs of 
the late John Erazer of Hangingheugh anS Routinbum, sold 
these lands (Routinburn) to Dr, Lang, the present proprietor. 
This property is pretty similar to the preceding, only the 6ea 
bank is not nearly so steep, nor the flat lands betwixt it and the 
shore quite so broad. There is no mansion on it, but many beau- 
tiful situations for one. These lands have a right, in common 
with the lands ou Brisbane estate, according to the valuation, to 



OP Cunningliame. 


an undivided muir of about 1000 acres lying to the east of Bris- 
bane Vale, and to the north of the water of Greeto. 

BRisBAN£**«^Immediately south from the lands last mention- 
, ed, the great barony of Brisbane commences, and occupies the 
whole middle of the parish from the sea shor^ backwards to the 
confines of Ayrshire, with the county of Renfrew ; a stretch of 
about 5 miles in length, with a breadth of little less than 4 miles 
across that Sue dale on each side of the Nodesdale water, now 
known by the name jof the Vale of Brisbane, but including some 
hills on either hand. The town of Largs is also within it, and aH 
that expanse of arable land in its vicinity. The whole is among 
the best lands in the jparish, and occupies the largest extent. The 
Valley itself is also among the most pleasant on the coast side, and 
among the most populous, as it abounds not only with the ham- 
lets of the tenantry, but tlie houses and mansions of the numer- 
ous small proprietors who hold in feu off the principal estate. 
The whole extends to upwards of 8,500 acres, of which nearly a 
fourth part is arable land, lying conterminous in J:he heart pf 
the glen. This is probably that barony of Largs which belong- 
ed to John Balliol, when forfeited by Robert Bruce, and became 
afterwards known by other names in the progress of time. 

One of the most ancient families which possessed the prin- 
cipal property in this valley, was Kelso of Kelsoland, (since call- 
,ed Brisbane), of which name, Hugo de Kelso appears in the • 
Ragman Roll, in 1296, and Nisbet supposes the family of Kelso- 
land to be descended from him. The last of them who possess- 
ed that property, John Kelso of Kelsoland^ sold it to the family 
of Brisbane in 1671. From his younger brother, William, is 
descended the present family of Dankieth, whose genealogy, for 
about 12 or 14 geuerations back, mp,y appear in the next volunie 
of this work. 

Of til is barony, considerably more than the half, either as to 
e;ctent ox value, belongs in full property to Sir Thomas Brisbane^ 


90^ PARTXCvijiK DBsciumoN [PaHah of 

«bUst UieremauuleirhaLda offhim, either in long'leue or mien. 
The MansioD-House of Brisbane Is pleasantly situated in the 
heart of the property, on the north bank of the \NodssdaIe water, 
about two miles up from Largs. It is rather in an ancient stiie 
of building, but like to most old houses, has more accomodatioB 
than shew. There i& in it an cAd heir-loom, a great curic^sity^ ;?— 
an ancient oaken chair, on the back of which is the datE^ 13i57> 
a» also the Arms of the family very distinctly caired. It is in 
good preservation, and may last fbt centuries to come, as a me- 
SQiOml c^ the &mily and name of &isbane to future gen£ration& 

Cje TSvifibnm CJjair. 

■Bciatiane of 'jferijsbane. 
' ITSis family, confessedly the chief of the name, appears to 
have possessed BidloptGn in Renfrewshire, and also lands in the 
counties of Stirling and of Ayr, long prior to the date of any 
Charters they have preserved. Crawfurd,in his "Renfrewshire," 
takes notice of " Bishopton, the ancient inheritanee of the Bris- ■ 
bsnea, the chief of that name," and of " AUanus de Brysbane, , 

fitius WilHdmi de Brysbane^' who^ obtained a grant of the lands 
of Macherach in Stirlingshire; to which Malcolm, Earl of Wig- 
tdn^ {$o :CceBted in 1334) is witness,'^ (Carta penes Burgum de 
I]himbarton), Also Thomas and Alexander Brisbane, brothers, 
we witittnses to aQbarter of ckte 9th Sep. 32d year of David IL 
{1361)^atidTbomaa Brisbane is? witness to a Charter, dated 22d 
JSept» 1409. (See Heg. Mag. Sig,) The designations are not stat- 
ed, but witnesses to such* Charters were generally the great offi- 
cers of the crown. Previous to all these there was a William 
Bri«bane, Chancelknr of Scotland in 1332, mentioned in ^^ Hales's 
AnnalV^ in ^ prbbabilitjr an ancestor of thisr family, as the 
armorial bearings, — ^the three cushions, should seem to be borne, 
lit sdlusion to* sudi civil office. 

The earliest estate however, held by the family, of which the 
Charters still exist, appears to have been Bishopton in the coun- 
ty of Bienfrew. They also lield the lands of Ballencleiroch and 
dthei^s ill Stirlingshire j and prior to the year 1400, they had ac- 
<|fiiired the ^10» land of Killincraig amd Gogo, in this parish. 
Thek possessions here hav^ gradually increased. They acquir- 
ed the lands of Towergill^ Harpkw, Ryliesy and others^ called the 
Forty Merk land of the Chanons, that belonged to the arch-bish- 
op of Glasgow. They also acquired the lands of Halieand others, 
which belonged to the abbey of Paisley. 

In !i59S the estate in Largs was erected into a barony, called 
the Barony of Gogoside^ and the town into a Burgh of barony, 
called, the Newton of Gogo. In 1650 this barony, along with 
the lands^ of Nodeadale a«ipd others, were erected into the barony 
ctf'NodesdaieL Sooaa/ after, when Over-Kelsoland was acquired, 
thewhble by Charter, in 1695, was erected into the barony of 
Bk^^iMOTE. Afe the time of making these last acquisitions, the 
wtasteotf Bishopton waii fimed out, and all the property of the 
fiwaiLy was coilcentoraitfed in* the parish of Largs, 

The fbllbwing liiistfory of thetpedigree and connections of the 


family:, is taken from Charters, and other writings still preserved 
in the Charter Room at Brisbane,—^ 

L John Brisbane of Bishopton (the first who I shall state m 
this deduction) was succeeded by his son^ 

IL John, who, on 1st Sept. 1407, obtained a charter from 
Lord Erskine the jsuperior, for infefting him as heir of his father 
jn the lands of Bishopton, and was infeft accordingly. He ap- 
pears to have been succeeded by his son, 

III. John, and he again by his son, 

^^ » 

IV. Thomas Brisbane of Bishopton, who, in 1490, was exe- 
jcutor to Thomas Sempil of EUiotston, his brother-in-law. He 
was succeeded by his son, 

V. Mathew Brisbane of Bishopton, who fell a.t the battle of 
Flouden on the 9th Sept. 1513, when he was succeeded by his 

V. John, whose retour of service in the lands of Killingcraig, 
j&c. holding of the crown, relates the circumstance of his brother's 
death at Flouden, and his Charter, dated 4th July 1514, of* the 
estate of Bishopton, is granted by John Lord Erskine, son of 
Lord Robert, who ajso fell at Flouden ^eld. * He was succeeded 
by his son, \ 

VI. John Brisbane of Bishopton, who, as heir of his father^ 
obtained a Charter, dated 12th Aug. 1523, from John, third Earl 
of Lenox, of the lands of Ballencleiroch, in the district of Camp- 
siie in Stirlingshire. From sl Sasine, dated in 1532, it appears 
|iiat his wife's name was Flisabeth Lindsay. He fell at the battle 
of Pinkie 10th Sept. 1547. He was succeeded by his son, 

VII. John Brisbane of Bishopton, who was served heir to his 
father in the lands of Killingcraig, 20th May 1549. He mar- 
ried 1st by whom he had two sons ; and 2dly 
he married Elisabeth Hamilton^ daughter of John Hamilton of 
Broomhills, by whom he had a son, William, who became Parson 
of Erskine, in which he was succeeded by his son, Mathew, who 

^LARGSi'l OF Cunntng|)ame. dS 

<was father, to Dr. Matthew Brisbane^ Physician in Glasgow, a maft 
-of great learning ; also three daugl^ters, — Margaret, Janet, and 
JMarion. There is a contract of marriage, of rather a singular na- 
ture, dated 17th Nov. 1672, entered into betwixt John Frissal 
(Frazer) of Knock; for himself, and as taking burden on him ftfr 
John Frissal his grandson, a child, on the one part, and John 
.Brisbane on the other part, as taking burden on himself for his 
" three daughters — ^by which, in con^deration of Brisbane redeem- 
. ing certain debts on theestateof Knock— Frissal /engages, that 
his grandson shall marry, at. his lawful age of 14 years, the said 
Margaret Brisbane, whom' failing, by decease, the said Janet, and 
.whom failing, the said Marion. Accordingly, t in 1583, there is 
a Charter granted by John Frissal (the grandson), with consent of 
: his curators, for implementing this contract, and infefting her^ 
' .his future spouse, in certain parts of the estate «f Knock. John 
. Brisbane married 3d]y Elspcth Wallace, relict of Gabriel Max«- 
^well of Stainly, by whom lie had a daughter married to Adam 
.Hall of Fulbar. He died in 1591. Many years before his de- 
, cease he had resigned the fee of his lands to his eldest son c^ 
.the first marriage, 

Vni. Robert Brisbane, who married, in 1562, Janet Stew- 
art, daughter of James Stewart of Ardgowan, the contract being 
dated 29th Aug. that year. Of this marriage he had two sons : 
1. John his successor;, and 2. Hanibal, and a daughter, Sarah, 
married to, Robert Hamilton, younger, of Dalserf. He dii^oned 
(the lands of* Rossl^nd to his son, Hanibal, whose son, Hanibal, 
was served heir to him in 1636, and who, in 1638, sold Bossland 
to his cousin, John ..Brisbane, of Bishopton. - Robert Brisbane 
died in 1610, his wife, Janet Stewart, surviving him. During 
their marriage they madeJarge addkions to the estate: for be- 
sides Nether-Kelsoland, Flat-Kelso, Halie, Hangingheugh, an«t 
others in the parish of Largs, they acquired lands and annuid 
j-ents in other counties besides Ayr and Renfrew, namely, in 

A a 



VII. dated 26tli Feb. 1686, for fines imposed on him for any ir- 
regularities his wife had been guilty of— no question^ in oonae- 
quence of her attending conventi^s or Pjfiesbjrterian meetings, 
^o obnoxious to the court in those days, and considered by it as 
'the most Irregular of* all con4uct. 

Of the above marriage, between £^isabOth find James Brisbane, 
there were three sous : !• Jolm ; 2. James, who was a writer to 
the Signet. In 1691, he married Anna second daughter of John 
Cranstoun of Glen ; 3. William, who ,was -a Captain in the army 
and died unmarried. The eldest son, 

XIL John Brisbane of Brisbane, succeeded to the estate, 
-but in what year is not mentioned. .He married Margaret, 
.daughter of Sir Arch d. Stewart of Blackball, contract dated 17th 
.and 26th Oct 1685. Of this marriage: t^here were two sons: 1. 
« James ; 2. Thomas ; — and four daughters : 1. Prudence, and 2. 
Jean, both died unmarried ; 3. Elisabeth, niarried Alexander For- 
rester of Carse Cowie; and 4. Catherine, mairiedl William Fairlie 
pf that ilk. At^what time this James Brisbane died, is not men- 
tioned, but, probably about the beginning 9f the year 1727, for 
his eldesl son, 

XIIL James Brisbane of Brisbane, was served heir to his &- 
ther on the 2d May 1727, but died [time not mentioned] un- 

The second .son, Thomas, , was married in. 1715, to Isabel, 
daughter of Sir Thomas Nicolson of I^dykirk, hy whom he had 
four sons : .Thomas, John, Charley, and Alexander. 

John, the eldest, went into ^he navy, and distinguished hid)- 
self highly in the American war, ^nd rose to the rank, of Admi- 
ral. He left two sons : Charles and James ; both distinguished 
oflScers in the navy, and have both been created Knights Com- 
manders of the Bath. Sir Charles is a rear-admiral of the blue, 
and Governor of St. Vincent ; and Sir James is a Post-Captain 
of date 1801. — Also foijr daughters : 1. Margaret, married in 

XTSB^ to John Mxtdb^l of Midleton^ Advocate^ and liad issue ;.. 21 
JPI' Arcy^ xnarj^ied to AViUiam Maitwell of Pollock, died without 
Issue ; 3. Mary » married to the Hon. George Cranstoiin, and had 
issue ; and 4. Agnes, died unmarried. . : 

XIV. Thomas Brisbane of Brisbane, soi» of Thomas Bosbane 
as 'above, whom he succeeded, was serred heir to iiimtcmrtlif 
15th Sept 1770. He married Eleanora, daughter of Williait 
JBcttce c£ Stenhouse, Bart, by whom he had a son, Thomas, and a 
/laughter, Mary. H^ d\ed in 1812, and w«9 succeeded by his 
.only son, .. " 

XV. Sib Thomas Bbisbaj^b of Brisdiane, K.CR F.R.S. Lond 
>and Edin. who early assumed the profession of Arms, and b 
now . ««90r^ene«l in the army. In 1819 he nurried Ann. 
Maria,, daughter of Sir Henry Hay Macdov^ali JBart of Maker*- 
toun in the county of Roxburgh^ representative of one t>f. the 
4no$t ;apQient families in Scotland* The variety and extent ^tb^ 
^services 'of Sir Thomas Bri^anc/mll :«ppcar as under : . ..: J :di 

He^^ptered the army in 1 790, by joifiing the SSth regiment in 

:Irelan4 where h/d remained until the»bredufig out of tho:.wiii;/>in 

,1793^iciW^ then promoted tq^ acompatiy in the SSd^^regiment, 

^iwieedt^:t9 FUnders with it in the spring of thaty^STf ftnd;was 

^p]!e$eniv,with;)t in .all the actions under His. Hoyal Highneob^Nitoe 

iPi^^yorJt: . via* the battles of Famers, ^ges of VaJ^iidenni^t, 

jPUtplMic'k, Newport, Nimeguen, and the jsprtids^foosn th^ifofiixmi 

J^e(y^jse all ,1^ actions near Dunkirk, the battles.<)(C!Aswin,>^fe-. 

mont, Cateau-Cambresis, &c. and in that of Toumay, jyjh^rsrilie 

was wounded: was present in the affairs of Newport, JB9xtel, 

Buren, Culembuig, and Gilder-Matrin. — :Ii3i the^spriiie,<?f J^795 

«lie. embarked with ihe regiment on the aismy retumifig ,to 

iand;— In 1795, purchased a majority in. the ;^3dfe|ini^^ 

^n^arked with the expedition undei' Sir Ralph Aberdroniby^ for 

.the West Indies. — In 1796, served at the reduction qf'St^il^c^^^ 

the seige and sorte of Mome-Fortune, and ihe affaolrs of Gh'abdts 


96 PARXrCDLAE DSSC&IFTlpN's [PfiriMko/' 

Cutriesy axui Vigie; dbo ther reduction of tlae island of Su 
eenii and.the wholeof ttie.'Canib war^-r^tn 1'79^, was at ^ tak- 
ing of the Jsland of Trinklady and comman^tod^B regim^t at 
the seige of Porto Rico. — In I3OO9 purchaiied a I^iaut-Cotoiielcy ; , 
and Jin'lSOi') Joined ihe regiment at Jamaica, com«naJiiding4t till 
ilt*retum (b'£nglaiid in 1805, and -dinring its ^continuance^. Oh 
tbe i^ment being ordered to India, was reeommoiKle^ by * Me- 
dical advice, in consequence <^ labouring.urtder a seVtfre liver 
eobffdaint, br<Highton by nearly a^fiye-yeatV residence in, the 
West Indies, not to return to a warm climate ; and being finable 
loo eflSeot an exchange inUxlka^Guardft^or (Savaltj, wa& Compelled 
to Tetire on half pajr> thongl^he repeatedly oSbredto^ setVein any 
)>avt^f the world out of the tro|uc8 during :thiatpeFiod.t*^In 18H), 
Wttft appointedvawstant adjutant^g^oal, in the Kdoi. district, 
'and ax^ted nearly two yeais ther^ in thafe^capacity^^*-— In 1812, em- 
'barlt«d for the Peninsula, :and isomtnanded a brigade in 1S10, at . 
the battles of^Yittoria, Pyrenees^ Nivelle, Orthiss, and Tonfouse^. 
^hers he was wionnded, and for all of which he has4;he honour of 
medalsr: wan at varioua affiiin>.vi&Sr Zubiere, Pampkintf-^'^those 
tieai Bl^^>nhe9 Hlisparen, Sauvo^^terre, Vie^ Bigonrey Tatbe^, &e. 
>-^In 1814^\eiBbaiiked for North Ain^riea^ and cotnmAnded'^ 
iMriigade at the affiiirsof Platsburgh^rrand also on thd rioter Ridbe- 
Iwu, &e*; tintiithe gmeral peace in 1815, when to c6mtaianded ; 
wndef the Dnka of Wdlington in Franoe,..andhaa lately been 
appointed to^ a diistinguished command in the ^ondi of Irelaiidy 
wben^lifi is at present^ 

l ^l'»" » '*ft'»^l » ">T>'>'>f>'> > '^''> '' 

* Copy PATftMT of ARiis. — ^To all and sundry whom these presents do or may 
tfioatm I Yfej Tbomas RjDbertiEarl of Kinnoul, and I.6rd< I,yon King oiJLtmst 4o 
hereby/ certify and declare, that the Ensiens Armorial pertaining and.})fJoi;i£^.to 
Major-^neral Sir Thiomad Brisbaxie o{ Brisbane, Knight Commander of the most Ho- 
nouisddcJWIhafy Order ^of the Batbj and Undoubted Ri^y refentadye iof ^e cDOSt an* 
nient family of Brisbane of Brisbane, in the county of Ajrr,^ in Scotland, being the 
due^bf the mme of Brisbane, \irhos^ ^amcestors were recorded to hare held landrin 
Qctdani prior toi Ac y^r 13^0, asMl one> of whom is ^ted in <^ Ryp^'9 Fsedera*' 

HAB^us. ] * Of* Cunntng&ame« 99- 

HkiraMilU9^Thia:lMge:|M^ Ut^y purchase4 from 

Sv'lSilsnflS'f Bliflbifl Soifni ScoltKJSeq- ^f. Qreenock. It is 
BibaatfiAikws^ni^pm^ I^ut partly 

qiij JAur soiidbDiiadb. o£ tluil;(«tflreaiii. ^ U|iQn the north b»nk of the 
water of Gogo in a fine sheltered spot^ form.^d by the w^ter into ^ 
£'Jlittd «fiuiipbitheiit»^ ^^i a fiQutk efqptMfui^, Mr. l^tt has 
tefedfieadoBed^wl^xt^fiigiiD^ j^otrhoup^i^cigr^^^hou.sestf 
This ground having once been the ckannefl of tke.Tiver, he Was 
aMJgfcPyf ate a^gre»fa^pfeBi€, to fQioi»::]Fith .earthy sp that every 
oMm^MaAw^^jcs^ to come at least 2s. 6d 

On this estate are many goodfeitaatibiiaifor » Mftnsionrbquse^ and 
ft^is soidr iSiat ^i:qMHic one oftbtee^^ear l^i» gwden, he intends 
building, very soon. It extenoitifeLto neiarij ii600 acdes, .of whioh^ 
about ^hmfo«E;jd»9m«^bdg»^ > from £00 to 300 

acres of mossJand ; a considerable extent of thriving plaqtf^tion j 
andsAipvcf 160 «0£efl[f0f skdrfirahl^^ Jmd* 

4.^ . ;.- .« 

- f 

to h^ve been Chancellor of ScpUand, assembled in aJParliaine|it held at Edinburgh m 
tbeyear iSi^iSulrf wb!eb8k''iy)i{i%^Bfeii^ hbaMdtoiiMS servi- 

ces m the Ishmdof St. Lucia, the Island of St, Vincent, the Island of Trinidadi a|id 
the Island of Jamaica in the West Indies, and^ at the battles oBVitoria, Pyrenees, Nx- 
▼eUesOtthe!^ TV>ulb\Ue,f andiltin^piDaii sAS{ku^ mA BiMlce,vand) also in fitoth Ame- 
rica, received several medals and crosses in testimony of bis meritoHous conduct as 
Commander of Brigades in these actions ;^ for which he was created, by the fjvfce 

lU^eoi olBaeLod,^tKnig)it Comiptodfr $^n>psi^ l^itary QM^ of 

the JBath^ and now conrunands a division of the British Army in France, under; ihe 
Du]^e of WelIid|toii : are matnculated^ in the Public Registers of the Lyon Office, and 
99^tf hMniki asiWlli^ «WeA Am« -^i^T-S^^n a cSpreron cheque, Or inAf GuUs, 

betweM three cushions of th4i second ^ in the collar point a representation of ^onp pf the 
OiAi llledris^cbilftir^ tijpoft' him bf h» Mtijesty y, ttbb^4 tho'sbit)4>is ))laced ai hornet 

lAfiM^ >N^^*Ttfh«rthf%««fW Ouk^rft^ ^dl^^ m a srvei^ of 

his liveries^ is jset for Crest, a Stork s Head .grazed, holding m her beak a Serpent wav- 
e4'^r6pe#'} pM'Ui«Ri^cfi>]|^ tfus tnbtto; «* C&kTiMtMs Sumoxo)^* 

«: V?*«?Wg^ >^^fm^ ^^^^'Tik^^' ^?^' ^WPPrtW, twa T?lb9ts ijoper ; 
whicl) Armorial Ensign above blazoned. We do hereby ratify and confirm to tne ^aid 
IBg^riXBiSD^atttllliii^ KvC*#i^^ri4ti«i«m:ipa]^jOf 1^ bodpg|),[^ 

Jftoper Anns and Beariiig in all time coifiw^;: In testimpiiy whereof, these ^rd^ents arer 
solte cribed by James Home of Linhouse* Esquire, our Deputy, and the Seal t?f our 
laRtrJBOqkpenilH Jff9$9ffl|o;U J^h^^ thje.jejght^ day of Februqiry, in the yeat, of 
our Lpfd 18|6.p-Lyon pjSBjce:, Edii^b^rgh, 8th Fel^. 1816, this patent is duly entered 
inrthe Reccmii of the I^dn^^Sffice-'byme, Jrfm Kerr, Herald Painter and Keeper of 

(Signed)' 'MMES'HOMBv ' 

100 ^AwncvLHtL DESCftipnoftT {PorfiUI ^f 

Feus off Biusbane. — ^Th^se amount to ab<mi« dMen.cxnjtlea- 
sant possessions, with As-noianj adequate mwakmB^M^.mtodiowB 
amid their own plaotations and gudaoBfrnoxe^mt less i: jriiick» cdU 
lectively, add greatly t^ t}ie lively aq;>act.d£this jchecftfol mtlej^ 
They are the following : » . . i. : sjt./ 1^ .. v» 

East Grass^Yards^; (Mrs. iiairi) Extends toiqnntniBi^il^ 
acres, partly. Arable^ partly gteesi pasture .bilk^iwitliaQJQaie v^aoti, 
and some pkmtitig***^ . ». - . ..:, i , .^ ,,t^ 

West Grass- Yards, and CoKst' able Wood; (Heictbof laaite 
Wilson.) These two possessions, extend to. morie than flOO.acMir 
of which more than tliehalf is acablsw . . i . 

North- Whit2jlw*Burn i (Robert CrawiiinL) : . About 15ft 
acres, of which a third part is arable. ^ ...... # 

Craigton ; (John Jamesoa) About iOQ acrea^ a third.of whidbt 

MiDDLETON ; (tfames -Greigi)^' Above '-GOt^^acres; xtbe gimitec 

part arable. ' '^ ^ 

NoDESDiAUE ; (John Lad^) Above 1^ Bcxe» ; nearly the half 

i * ' * • » 

arable. • : - ' -^V 

• Reillixs} (lo. -aad i«. i€r^wfu])d)S.):JE' 50 Acn'es; 

all arable. ....... 

Harplaw; (Alex. €rawfurdi) 96 acres; arable and green 
pasture. . „ ..,...,. ,^.„, .:-•• ..." .. 

KiLBUBN) feu ; and 'Upper DocBitA, tong ieaae-; '(Mm- Grow- 

furd.) More th«zi.60 a^resrrarahte, p)anJiUi^,fipid^e^' pfgi^wjiiureuV 

BuRNsiDE and I^ttle Hollows :. (WiHistifi lAsstJ^Esa.) About 

70 acres, two-thirds furafale, the rest gr^a pastuie aim j>liwi.tiiig«^« 

Nether Dochra ; (Mrs. L^ng, or Th^nSri^ ^hov^^^l^^ 
arable. On this pleasant property^ this' Ladje4iat^ lately. Iiaikj^fln 
elegant house, called Prospect-Hill .V/ VVr/: /';•;/'•". ' 

The whole of these possessions in ieu, extend* fo about 970 
^cres ; of which about 445 are arable ; ^ 403. jgreeh: ^hi]y[-p«5ture ; 
97 moor land ; and 25 plantation. This is. exclusive of the sdte 


of the town oFLar^tH^^e gwHiicH oeaipied b j tiie tittu bejbi^ 
mentioned in its vicSiitty ; simie lands also there, 0m which viUnji 
have not yet been erected, as those bdonging to Baillie Grreijg* 
Mr. Boyd and^hers, all feus off Brisbane, and extending io 9« 
bout 140 allures. 

HANtit^cfHBueH.^^hir^toperty, distinct fiom Brisbane bik 

situated in the same nraftdef^extidnds^ to about 25 acres, dbuieflj 

hill pa^jstura It belongs to the above William Lang, Esq. envoys 

a good coitimi^din^^pTOsptec^ and where he has just now built a 

' v«iy elegi^t villa. ' • - 

Haily ; (James Wilson £^q.) Hds^propefty extends to 9bmik 
70 acres, of -wbid^ aiA>Te SO is arsft^le or woodHand^ and dbout 40 
of green hiU pasture, all of great Tsdue. 1th sitaated on: the 
soutliem extremily of the Vale of filiisbane,^and extending dcMFtt 
to the sea coast, within haif a mile o£ die town of Lnifgs. There 
is a Charter of RMignqtion and Confirmation, or rather gift oS 
marnage, in the possession of Mr« Wilson^in &vour of OAeolhis 
ancestors, granted by Thomas Scaupil, Loid of 'SUiotstoii aad 
Vfcecomed of llenfrew8liii«ie, wiieietyf he renounces and cQo&rms 
16 Gavin Wilson, and^Manon^ hie S|K>nse, the rkods of WidfltleAds 
in the shire (^ Renfirew, (in KilbatduiB pari^,). and H^YJb^Vi (^ 
it Is spelt,) in Ayrshire, winch had beenhddby hitti in wlM*d, 
during the minoi^ty of the said Gai^in WHson. The Charter ia 
completed by appending his arms and seal thereto at Eittoi^tPQ^ 
the 20th day of Decv i48& ITheifiwily^il^^mpil continued su- 
p«rldr of thdbe hinds until l«6a Ibe first Ghfurter oi the Bris- 
bMoe fanHl3S i^^by John Bridiane of Bishepton^ to John WUsQfi 
of Haily; dat^ S6tk^ulyd6ft9« :How idng this ptopwty Jb9 
beto in pe8s^ftidti:of^Msi Wilson's ancestors, cann«t aoiw }B»i$^ 
eertained. 'Tradition says, since t^ battle of I:iiargs:i Ji 

is evidentyfiiom «h«^«tt)e deeds, ihait it has beeai atanct tjsna muA 
ibore eKteiisive; Jitt%, often^ apebb MeH^ is thoin^ teJbe derived 
.^m* the eld:iSlMMn^wierd MaiU.^wlmh n|gniisB ika piMhftgrAva^ 



or the burying place^ and may have obtained that name from> 
the great number of people who have been interred there, in a. 
tumulus. (See Antiquities.)^ There is a pretty gpod oldish, 
mansion on this property, snugly situated in the middle of a 
small thriving plantation, on the summit of the rising ground 
which, at this place, separates the Vale of Brisbane from that of 
Kelbum. Mr. Wilson has lately erected ahand^ome, small villa, 
called the Bankhouse, on this property also, near to Gogoside. 

Kelburn Barony. — ^This/is the last estate to be mentioned^ 
being the most southerly property in the parish. It belongs to 
the Earl of Glasgow, and: has been the paternal inheritari<!e of 
that Noble family for five or six centuries at least, as is well as^ 
certained from authentic records.. It extends. through the whole 
breadth of the parish, from the sea coast to its eastern boundary, 
where it joins with other lands belonging to his Lordship in the 
parish of Dairy. Including the adjoining.. lands of Fairley, it oo^ 
cupies more than a fourth, part of Largs parish.^ Of this, about 
from 12 to 1500 acres may be stated as arable land : there are 
about 200 acres of remarkably thriving plantations, which form a 
great ornament to this part of the coast side ; and the remainder 
is hill pasture. The ancient mansion of £elburn House with its 
antique turrets, imbossomed amid some fine old woods, is situafer 
ed by the rivulet which gives name. to the whole, about a quarter 
of a mile from the sea. 

I&eple OEarl Of (filai^gotor 

The antiquity of this family is well established^ 4;hough some 
of tlie links in the chain of genealogy, in its more remote ances^ 
{ors, are not very distinctly known. But, as early asrthe reign of 
Alexander III. (inter 1249 et 1285,) the existence of this branch 
of the Boyles (or Boyvilles, hence probably of Norman origin,)'i8 
fully ascertained, as then proprietors of Kelburn, which still ror 
xnains in the faoodly. For in that reign Kichabd de Botle^ Dom» 
4e Cnulbum, had an acquittance. fix>m Walter Cumyn» Dom« de 


OP €ttnnitm^[mm« 


Bowgallan^ de quadrtiginia solidif aamui reddiius, <f*c. in qmbuw 
dietus Miceardus ef aniecessores ejus^mihi et antece$$oribug meis* 
annuatim solvere tenebmitur. (See the Peen^^ by. Douglas and by 
Wood} : In ihe Ragman Roll, there is 4i Richard de BayviUe del 
Cante de Air, mentioned, as having submitted to Edward L in> 
1296: Nisbet takes' this Richard to have been ancestor of the 
Boyles of. Raysholme, in Dali<^ pfirish^ in Ayrshire, and of Wam^ Annandale, whose heiress in the reign of James 'IV. 
married a brother of the House of Johnston--«nd of which branch 
he says the English Boyles are derived } or , . ac^ he afterwards 
qualifies it-^from the Boyles of Kelbum, of which there is so far 
a corroboration ta be traced,. in the affinity betwixt their respec^ 
tive armorial bearings^. 

Robert de Boyvills, appears^also in the Ragman Roll in 
1296, and of him, Crawfurd expressly states that he was the son 
of Richard of Giulburn above mentioned, by Marjory, daughter 
of Walter Cumyn of Rowgallan^as above. Nisbet asserts the 
same thing, and decidedly states that he succeeded him in Eel» 

It may be observed, .that about this period the name of Boy- 
ville (since softened down into Boyle), was to be found among 
several Baroos in- Cumberland, as weU as in Scotland ; while the 
same Christian names were common to both^from whence we 
may conclude that they were of the same original stock.^ • 

From this time forward, there. is a chasm in public records 
respecting this &milyj till about lOOyears after, when 

L Hugo de Botle of Ryesholm makes a considerable dona- 
ition to the monastry of Faidey, dated ;i 7th Eeb. I399» Douglas, 
who states this, qvptes, ais his authority,^ ^< Chart. Paislet/ penes 
liCqm. de Dundonaldj\ and asserts him to have b^en, iq, a direct 
onale line, an ancestor of the Glasgow family. Commencing 
therefore from tb/s fixed point, as to the numeration of the ge- 
€|eratioi)is,. c^f 4^his f^pAily> (thovigh we might , be weU founded in 

X04 pARnciftAH nwcRipn^iv [P4irkh4ff 

pfduing six or ei^t more to the number,) — tbe nextto tbe MMk 
ed WM probably bis sod> namely, 

-11. 3oiot BotfcE de Calebum, who, on the 24th June 141% 
i^ppears as €>iie af a Jury on afn inquest resinecting som^ lands da 
dispute^ betwixt the Buigb of Irvine, anv^ William Frawnces of 
Stane ; tlie record ef which may be' seen i:i the Chart« Chest ^ 
that town, and of whi<^ a copy shall be inserted in the appendix. 
The ne!tt in succefisi^n, who a^^pears in ^he family writs, is 

ill. ROBfiRf BOTiifi of Oftlbum, in all probability, son to the 
precedifig. He 4s witness to a Charter by Robert Boyd of Kil- 
marnock, to^ohn Boyte i>f Wamphr^y, of the landft of Ryesholinc, 
dat0d Itth 0^ 14M6; and there is an instrument of Seisin, by 
the same John Boyle,, C^*^^ immediate wperior,) to the above 
Robeit of Qdbntn, on the same lands of Ryesholm, dated two 
days tliereafler, namely, on the Idth Oct in the same year; — ^and 
a^dii^~-Rob«nrt Boyte [the same person for any thing that ap- 
pears] was in&ft by tbd^eftffof Ayr> fts a crown vassal in the 
lands of Cal^mm, in the year 1456, wbteh he held blanch. (See 
'' Exchequer Roll" of that date No. 120, m the Register. Office.) 
That Boyle of Calbum might have been the immediate vassal 
" .for the lands of Ryesho^n" of Boyle of Wamphray, whilst the 
^latter hi^ld th^em of the family of Boyd ef Kilmarnock, is in per^- 
fbct ooaformity with the usage of that age. The practice of not 
admitting of a multiplication of superiors was a relief, accorded 
to va«als, that arose out of experience in an after period. This 
Robert Boyle was sviceeeded by his son, (as seems at least proba- 
ble,) the next in record, 

IV. John Boyle of KelburA, who was a steady adherent to 
iiis unfortunate Sovereign James III, and lost his life with him 
at th^ field of Sauchie-Bum in 1488. (See Douglas, also Wnod.) 
He left a son, 

William Boyle of Kelbum who^ on account of the part his 
father had taken in the politics of ,iho6e.times,-'>-by his attach- 

ment to (she unsuccesful side, found it the'mojlt pfudent pfen<to 
enter as heir to his grand&ther, Hobert ; and under that title 
was retoured to his lands, and office of Mayor of Fee, &c. in 
1492. Wood quotes a precept dated in 1490, for the (restitution 

' of his lands forfeited by his &ther, for his adherence tP .James 
IIL He left a son, 

VX. John Boyle of Kelbutn, who, in 1495, was infeft inithe 
^fiS^and of Eelburn, as lawful heir of his father, William Boyle, 
proceeding ' from a precept of Chancery, holding blench of the 

^ Crown, in. payment of a pair of spurs, dated 28th Oct. that year. 
JEEe married Agnes, atlaughter of the family of Aoss, ihy whom 
he had two sons : 1* David ; 2. John, of whom afterwards. 'He 
died in 1549. His eldest .son, 

yiL David Bovle died in the lifetime of his father, < leaYing 

, a son, ^ 

yill. John BoTEEofKelbum, who succeeded his grand&tber in 
1549. By his Lady, Jean, daughterof Fiazerof Knoek^hahada son, 

IX. John Boyle of Kelbumj-who. succeeded hisi^greatrtgrand- 
father in the office of mayor of fee. See Regrofjleu July 16.1583: 
'JWaiiJMS BiO^le de -Kelbum^ Ik^^res ^^annis iB^j^ de Kithurne, 
Proaeii m qffieio \Mii^€hipi)fjfie, infra UmUes^JH'^ 
mmii de^JLargiSf a tor rente de iPolgaee ad wislraiem ^poptemde 
KeUibume, 4ul ) partem horeulem, infra 'Sdilialwfn, de Cuuyt^hame. 
He adhered to the^party of Queen «Mary. He died in 1610. ;By 
his Lady,..Marion9 daughter.of Crawfurd of Kilbtrnie, he had six 

~ dau^iters^ all. well married, and a son who. succeeded hiooi, 

X. John Boyle, of .Kelbum, who for his attachment to the 
interests of Giarles X had well nigh ruined^ his estate, besides 
being sent into banishment for ten years. .He married Ag^^s, 
the only ilavghter of Sir John Maxwell of Nether FoUQck, by 
whom he had an only daughter, 

XL.. Ouzel iBoYXE of KeUwrn; manned to David. Beyle of 

Hawkhill-T^escended from- the same family, thus :— ^John Boyle 

second son of John Boyle of Kelbura (No. VL in this account,) 



was designed of Ballahewin and Coroner of Meikle Cumbrae, in 
1536. His second son was David Boyle of Segdeth in Bute in 
1578. He married Christian Boyd, a neice of* Lord Boyd, by 
whom he had James Boyle designed of Hawkhill in 1617 ; who, 
marrying a daughter of David Crawford of Bedland, had a son^ 
David Boyle, who succeeded him in Hawkhill, and who married 
Grizel Boyle of KelBurn as above, about the year 1656 or before 
that period. He was a prudent and economical man, andgreatr 
ly improved the Kelburn property. They had three sons and a 
daughter*; and were succeeded by their eldest soit who, in des^ 
cent from his mother, ranks in this account as>the twelfth gene- 
ration ; namely, 

XII. John Boyle of Kelbum,.who in; 1G81 represented the 
Shire of Bute in the Scots/ Parliament. He was a n*an of great 
abilities, and he also largely increased the family estate. B^ his * 
first Lady, Marion, daught^ of Sir Walter Steuart of Alanton, he 
had two sons, also a daughter who was married to Sir Alexander 
Cunninghame of Corsehill.^. He died in 1685,^ and was succeed- 
ed by his eldest son, - . 

XIIL David Boyle of Kelburn.. On tfie 8th Jmie 1697, he 
was raised to the Peerage by the title of Lord Boyije, and further 

advanced on thie 12th April 1703, to the titled of Earl of Glasgoi;^^ 
Viscount Kelburn, and Loid Boyle of Stfewarton# Ciimbraes, Fen- 
wick, Largs and Dairy, to hint and his. heirs male whatsoever. 
He was a steady supporter of ^the Protestant succession, and had 
a principal share in carrying on that happy measure; The Union 
of the two kingdoms. He represented QUeen Anne, as High Com- 
missioner to the General Assembly from 1706 tiH 1710, indu- 

• The second son, James, married Janet, daughter and* heiresa of Mr. Robert Bat- 
clay, Provost of Inrine, (a, man of great talents and much emp^ojred in public business 
in his day,) with whom he got the lands of Montgomerieston j and by her had a son, 
James Boyle of Montgomerieston, a Commissioner of Excise, who died 1 7th October, 
1758, ana is buried in Irvine church yard, where a handsome monument is erected to-^ 
hk mQmory«->«< A gentleman of singular pietyi integrity and learning." 


aF ctmnmgBiftme. 


/dve. On the breaking out of the rebi^Hoi^ in IIIS^ he most stre-^ 
nxioady.cnippoited the government of 'King George: and he of-^ 
fered to raise and maintain lyOOO tnien^ on bis own charges^ for 
the suppression of that^ commotion^ wtiich though not deemed 
necessarjr td be accepted of^ he had his Majesty's thanks ^and as^ 
alliance, of favour for so sesBonable and liberal an o£fer. - He died 
on the 1st Nov. 1733«. By hi« rfirst JUady^ Mftrgqpret^ sister of the 
first Viscount Garnodkj he < had fouc'soJiBi and by his second 
Lady, Jean, heiress of Mure^of RowaUan, he *had two daughters : 
the youngest died unmarried ; the eldest, Lai^t Jeak,' married 
Sir James Campbell of Laiprers, >(who wa^ killed at Fontenoy in 
1745,) and was grandmother toithepres^it Flora, Countess of 
L6udoun and Marchioness of Hastings. The eldest' son of the 
iirst marriage, i 

XIV. John second Earl of Glasgow, succeeded his father 
in 1733, and died in M^y 17^) < iai the 58d year of his ogtB^ By 
his Lady, Heleil, daugbfcer of Momson of Frestongcav^ji he had 
two sons who survived him,>as4 8i&<dau^ters«. - 

1. John, of "^hom afterwards.^ i 

2. Patbjick BoYLEiofi Shewaltonywhp died at LrviaefFeb. ^6. 1 79&id^ 

Of thedaughters five^died iHim.arried)faii4th0 youngestiJUidy 
Helen, was mart^ied to Admiral Sir JjMnes; Douglas of Springwoodr 
Park, but died without iswe in 1794. '* 

XV* . John third E^rl op GkASGOWjT was bom ' in-Nbv* 1714, 
fuui succeeded, his father in 174Q« He was bred to the armji^ 

>>%»^*^<%» ^ »4f4 W . H W<%%»*<M M » % » ^ i b < v%yj% >»> ii«<i w»> » ^ t !»%' 


* By liis 8econd#Ladv,SfidaWth/daughterx>f-Prpfessor Alexander Dd^ die 

University of Glasgow, he. had four sons and four daughters : 1. William, a Lieut. 
iifthe Afmy/died youngs ^•'Cbl. Jdhn Boyl^,now of Shewalton; 3. Alexand^, in thfe 
Royal Navy, diedtyoung J 4*« the Right Hoa -David. Boyk^ Lbrd Justice Qkrk, tp 
whic|i high office he was fippointed in Eeb. 18.1 L H^ married Elisabeth, daughter 
of^ Alexander Montgomery of Anndclcllidge,' 'next brother to^.tlie late Hu^, twelfth - 
Eatlof Eglintony by whoiri he has issue :^ I.Patrick v 2. Elisabeth; 3. Helen i 4* - 
Al^xai^der. The daughters were; I, Helen, married in 1 791, to Thomas Mure, Esq* - 
of 'Wanriston, and had issue y 2. ElisabecKj matried an 1S00| to JohaSmoUet RoueVws 
S^.^pf 3onhill| and haa issue} ^nd. two who died yoipg«^ • 

. • 


aiid being ifi! the l^fUe-of FdnteiRoy in 1*745, iv^ fifdr^ (WftuDdeBt 
and again, siETt^liefy, ^t'^lit} battle^ tftfl^ififeld in 1747. ^HetfOpflt. 
dented Itis 'Mjije^ty,' al(li6ttl"Hrgh C^mmiissionier to the 6elt«nil 
Assetobl V, fi^dtfi '1'764 ^titl 1 772 ifldttsive. He died io Match 
lY'TS, in the 61st year k>f hb ^e. ^He married £lisiJ>^thv second 
daughter of Gd^rgfe thiftef^ttthLdtd'^c^s^ivhb became uldmiM^ 
}y sole heiress ' to tliat optll^nt ^ aiid' Very ahcieht findify, and by 
this Lr^dy, who died iSeh^Oct; 17&I, -had issue: 

1, A Soh'whb'il?cSly*>ung. ' 

2. George, the present EarL • ^ 

8. Lady Elisftbtttlij^^ho^Ww-ftiftrrted to Sir George Douglas 
of Sprfeg^^od^lViik/4tadTdi^-ln^l80i,«ieavin issufe, a'son^bMn 
ill 1792. ' " 

4. Lady Jane. His Lordship was succeeded by his only re- 

XVL 'GtoftdEibA*^th^AHL'oFlGiA««iow.-^ of late Lord 
%M\iXhitstA>^t^ Xxwd^Lieratenant 

of Ayrshire, having' beetanpi^ifefre^^o that 'more important iatation 
on the death of the late Hugh Earl-^f EgUnton. -HisLti^d^ip 
Vfis chosenTa' Jt^^^eseAtalih* ^ the fck^ttifih Peerage fe every 
Pa(riiai!hent fhxm 1 T^iitclUsiVe, till 1^, when he i^as raised to 
tihe Briti8h!Peera^,bylke«i^e of L(>j!tk>J%o^ of Hawkhead in the 
county of Renfrew, which hadb^en tlie tide of his maternal an- 
cestors 'from i 1508^ till 1754, and their ehief place of residence 
from the year 1«5I, till llie latter^^period, when the titles Ji>eca»(iib 
■extinct on the deathr of William the ,itmrteenth-Lord*-*and «i 
the xieath of- the Dowager Countess of Glai^gow, as above, in 
1791, the mansion of Hawkhead, and lands connected with it, 
^became the* sole property of her son theptepent Earl. 

: His Lordship married in Aug. t788, ;Lady Augusta Hay, 
-thirtl daughter of James fourteenth Earl ofErroU and by this 
Xiady, (who succeeded ultimately in 1816, to the estate <A Etal 
in Northumberland, that belonged to her grandfather, the late Sir 
vWiUiam Carr of Etal,) had issue, 

"^^LARGSl] OF Cunningliame. lOgf^ 

1. Hon, John Boyle, Lord Kelburn> who was bred to the 
Royal Navy, where he distinguished himself by signal brav«y, 
and was otherwise eminent for an honourable and a benevolent 
disposition. He died in March 1818, in the 29th year of his age. 

'2. Lady Isabella. 

3. Hon. Jambs Botle, now Viscount Kelbunif a Lieutenant 
rin the Royal Navy. 

4. Lady ElisaIbetk. 

5. Lady Augusta. 

6. Hon. William Botle. 

Chief Seats. — KeUmm Houses the ancient seat of the Boyles, 
near Largs ; Hawkheadj the ancient seat of the Lords Ross, near 
Paisley ; and Etal Houie^ the ancient seat of the Carrs of £tal> 
-by Coldstream. 

11 $ 



Lamb. Prfprietors. Valued Rettt. 

Kcftutn,Kmingc^^^^ The Right Honourable Earn ^,^^^ 

Third-?art, Barr, and Auchen-J- of Glasgow, - -l ^^^^* 

Brisbane and Knock, - • Sir Thomas Brisbane, K. C. B. 10D4 18 

Skelmorley and Bridgend, - - Right Hon. Earl of Eglinton, 581 IS^ I 

^fi«, fcc^'"*^'^****'?*"*'^] John Scott, Esq. - - 

Hailj, Quarters, and Park, - - James Wilson, Esq. - • 115 9 S 

BlacUiottse, - - ^ Archibald Campbell, Esq, - 412 — — 

Bumside, Hangingheugh, &c. - - William Lang, Esq. * - 80 -^ -~ 

Constable Ward, & West Grass Yards Heirs of James Wilson, - 70 — — 

Nodesdale, - - - - Mr. John Lade, - - - '62 -*— -^ 

Reillies, - - - - Jo. and Jo. Crawford, - - 58 — — 

North Whitlaw Burn, - - Robert Crawford, - - 57 — — 

Kilburn and Upper Dochra, - *- John Crawford, ' - - 47 -— — 

East Grass Yards, - - - Heirs of Alexander Henry, - S6 — — 

RoutinBurn, - - - - Dr. Lang, - - ^ M 14 S 

Part of Skelmorley, - - - Robert Wallace, Esq. - - 30 — — 

Harplaw, • - - - Alexander Crawford, - - 29 — — 

Craigton, - - - - John Jameson, • - - 28 -« -«- 

Middleton, - ^ - - James Greig, - - - 25 — — 

Ladeside, - - - - JohnBeith, - - - 15 — - — - 

Part of Nether Dochra, - - Mrs. Dunsmure^ - - 6 13 4 

Total jeS80f 


11(0 FAETfCULAR StESClIPRON [Pari^ of 

vrebholders qualified to vote, residing in» or connected with, 

the parish. 

Sir Thomas Brisbane, K.CB« 

Archibald Campbell, Esq. of Blockhouse. 

John Cairnie, Esq. late of the East India Company's Service. 

John Wilson, Esq. of Haily. 


The old castle of Knock, now in ruins, was built only about 
400 years ago, on what would at that time be reckoned an inno- 
vation in architecture, as it bears no resemblance to the dismal 
square towers so prevalent in ancient times ; for it was not only 
distinguished by a tall roimd turret in one of the corners, but the 
dwelling part of the fabric Wiis an oblong square of moderate 
height, and as well lighted as modem houses in the present day, 
and not greatly thicker in the walls. Its demolition is not to be 
imputed to want of strength in its original construction, but to 
want of being inhabited and cared for, during these last 150 years. 
A house in these circumstances soon gets roofless, and no roofless 
house of moderate thickness of wall, can long resist the blasts in 
this country. 

There is on the top of Knock hill, the appearance of a small 
camp, with three regular entrenchments ; and directly opposite, 
on the other side of the valley, are the remains of what is 
thought to have been a fortification, now called the CastlehilL 

But the Battle of Largs affords the great subject of anti- 
quarian research. TJhe field where it took place is still shewn, 
being a large plain southward of the viUage- Cairns of stone 
were opjt formed, it is thought, over pits into which the bodies 
of the slain had been thrown. A coarse granite slab, about 10 
feet high, stood in the centre of the field, supposed to have been 
erected over the body of a chieftain. This stone is now built in 
the garden wall of Dr. Caimie, at his villa, near to the spot where 
it originally stood. Thirteen small pieces of silver, apparently 

ijARGS,] ot cunningfiamt. iii 

(ffnam^ital, were lAao found hard by, in what was thought to have 
been a grave, and two urns were found in Dr. Mitchel's grounds 
adjacent; with a$hes and fragments of bone. These articles were 
sent to the Earl of EgUnton at the time. A Danish axe was 
found hereabouts too, and was sent by the late Mr. Brisbane of 
Brisbane to the Antiquarian Society of Edinburgh. The Earl 
of Glasgow had another. There are still found fragments of rusty 
wmour, in the same field to this day. 

jraWeg CajEtrte, 

Formerly possessed by the ancient family of Fairley, said to ■ 
be descended from a natural son of Kobert II. is now ruinous. It 
was built in 1512, about 300 years ago. It is constructed however 
on the old square-tower plan, with few lights, and very massive 
walls J and, though not entire in th/e roof, may yet stand for ages. 
It is situated on a height above tlie village of Fairley, about half 
amile from the sea, and is a very conspicuous object. It is fur- - 
nished with gun-ports, which, independent of other notice, shews 
that it is comparatively modern. . 

Haily. — 'This place is supposed to have had its name from 
HeWe, a pit or burial place; as here a vast tumulus had been . 
erected over the bodies of the slain, as thought, at the Battle of " 
Largs. It was only discovered, however, about 40 years ago, by. 

i 12 PAiMDicuLAR DESCKiPTiON ' [ Parish of 

,Mn Wilson, when searching for stones to enclosehis lands. It 
was till then known by the namejof Margaret*s*Law, and was 
supposed to be natural It had long been overgrown with rank 
herbage and brushwood. In tlie centre of it vrere found five 
stone-coffins, or square apartments formed with flat stones set on 
,edgc ; two of them containing five sculls each, with other human 
.bones, and several Qarthen urns. The earth and small stones at 
the bottom were calcined. It is supposedthat the sculls and other 
bones within these cofiins were those of the chiefs ; whilst the 
^bodies of the common warriors had been thrown promiscuously 
over them, and then stones, in vast quantity, heaped over all. 
These amounted to upwards of 5,000 cart loads—whilst the quan* 
tity of bones which, on exposure, soon crumbled into dust, was 

There is a moat or conical mound of earth, withm the town 
of Largs, and another, at a small distance on the south-east ; and 
a third, four miles up the water of Nodesdale, at a place called 
Tower-Gill, of a similar appearance, but much larger. This last 
is generally thought to be natural, and only formed into that 
shape by the hand of nj^. The two first are evidently artificial 
throughout ; but for what purpose erected, is now only a matter 
*of conjecture,' though probably, as tumuli over the dead, or in 
honour of their memory. These may all he regarded as corro* 
i)orative evidence of a battle having been fought near to the town 
•of Largs, and not at all improbable, that it was the very battle 
before mentioned, fought in the year 1263, betwixt the Norwe- 
gians and the Scots. But when we are. told of tumidi that have 
been ransacked, and coffins or sniall square apartments of stone 
found under them, in which were sculls of men, with-ttm*, asheSf 
and other indications of burningj we must impute the time of in- 
humation to a much more remote period than the 1.3th century. 
At no time in any country, where Christianity has been establish- 
ed, has ^uch a mode of sepulture be,en followed. As to the dif^ 

ferent places in the vicinity, that seem, from their appellation at 
present, to have a reference to the battle in 1263 ; these are 
equivocal at the best, and evidently forced in, as auxiliaries to 
the argument. Thus the JRotf/Zinp-Bum, evidently so called from 
its rumbling noise over its rocky channel — -Tbut which is converted 
into RouUVane^ as a proof of the Danes being here routed — must 
be an imaginary etymon : there is even no necessity for it, as by 
all apeounts, the Panes, or rather the Norwegians, (far nevar a» 
Dane was there,) were routed every where. The sai&e itaSif be 
said of the Killing-Craigj so much depended on as *videhce of 
the battle— Sure no place was particularly appointeil fdi th^fr 
purpose ? And the Go^Goy (the name of the adjacerit Stt^til) Is 
•equally fanciful, when adduced as an evidence of the strict mili- 
tary watchfulness of the Scottish army, to which this word serv- 
ed, they say, • as the couriter-sign — ^o-gOy or pass pas$^ when chal- 
lenged. But me tber)r who depend on, or adduce, such proofs as 
these, of this battle, aware that such i:ermfl would not have been 
understood in the country at the time ? The language now spoken 
^as not then known. Thus/ at the coronation of Alexander IIL 
which, could not have been more than 14 years before the battle 
of Largs, as his father, Alexander IL died in 1249 — the service 
was performed first in Latin, [the language of the learned in tnose 
daysi as it is tibe lan^age still, only of the learned in the present 
times,) and allerwards in Gaelic, the common language of the 
country. The modern English did not then ^xist, whilst the old 
English or Saxon tongue could have been familiar only to a few. 
These kind of evidences, in prootof the battle with the Danes^ 
»ei?ve only to^weakeu the credibility of the fact*. 

* One weapon pretty entire, was lately found here, in shape very much like the Ro- 
xhan sword ; and in the ista'iid of Little CufillmCj ht the neighbourhood; tumuli simihr 
to that at Haily^ have been ransacked, and found to contain similar remains, as Urns 
and jlsfieSf and human bones, and pieces of arms and armour : iii j>Micilli&r, ^ it6& 
head-piece similar to the BJomdxi.GaUaf and pieces of wood c6'hfiei:ted td^etft^ wTdi 
thin plates of iron oii eacl^ side, nyeti:ed Uirbugli and ^'obgh tiri& (fenchea ifdiff^^' 


114 rjLfoimiit. tmcxtfTKii [rarM.ijff- 


ILBRIDE Pirish, is situated on the coast side on'-J 
the south, next to that of Largs. Following out ' 
the curvature of tlie sliore, it measures about six 
miles ; but in a straight line from n. to s. is only 
about 4^miles in length ; whilst the breadth acrossv 
JTom w. to E. is less than four. In extent altogether, it is nearly 
10 square mil^s. Mdre precisely ascertained, from the contents^, 
of each estate, it contains 7924 acres. 

<EiCncral appearance. — This is considerably hifly, but much 
of the high ground is arable, some of it to the very summits y 
whilst the hills themselves are not near so high in general, as- 
those in the parish, of Largs ; the whole ridge of them getting- 
lower and lower towards th6 south'till they almost terminate in 
this pajish. Some of them are of a roundish form and remark- 
ably verdant, particularly in the vicinity of tlieviHage of Kilbridei 
and at the promontory by Portencross. Sbme of them again are- 
of a dusky hue, covered Avith heath; being those on the eastern' 
boundary next the parish of Dairy, and these are also the high- 
est The cultivated lands are spread out in strips of greater or- 
}ess breadth alongthe coast side, or interspersed in like manner 
among the different hills or rising grounds throughout the whole. ■ 
Of the wood lands part is natural, as on the estates of SouAan- 

XVTf materiak and mode of fonnation of the Roman Scutum. From all these Reliquej~ 
Ope might be led to suppose that there must Have been battles hereabouts, with other :, 
<^^tes ^an Ae Nprwegians; and at a period much more remote thao 1263. 

KILBRIDE.] • OP Cunningljame* xi5' 

nan and Corsbie ; but the greater proportion is planted, and is > 
generally very* thriving, and some of it remarkably so; as on tlje 
estate of Hunterston, where some, uncommonly excellent, is to* 
be seen growing on the face of a steep bank by the sea side. In 
general, the plantations are disposed of to great advantage, in -. 
belts and clumps, through the other properties, adding greatly 
to the beauty of the varied aspect of this parish. 

Sj^inttalft. — ^Neither Coal nor Limestone are found here, but 
both are easily obtained at a small distance from the neighbour*- 
ing parish of Ardrossan, on the souths There is a millstone* 
quarry on the lands of Southannan, in great request all the coun- 
try over, and from it many millstones are also exported. Thfe. 
general base, on which the parish stands, is of Ted freestone weH 
adapted to building ; also some whinstone. 

®OlL— In the vicinity of r the coasts the soil is generally a« 
sand, in some places much intermixed with sea shells: an evu* 
dence^that the sea had once overflowed it. The soil among the 
li^ls, is in some places of a decomposed t red freestone, atid in 
others of basaltic rock ; in both cases, of considerable natural fer-^ 
tility, or easily renderedvfertile by cultivation. . Part of the pa* 
rish has been recently improved from moss, on which the crops, 
seem to be as luxuriant as on any. On all, the ^cultivation' isr 

fiOaUiBf^-r-Thepe is a well*kept turnpike road that' runs through? 
the whole parish from south to north, but is not all well direct-* 
;ed,as it presents some very steep ascents and descents in differ, 
cut places. It could be made nearly level the whole extent, by- 
keeping it more by the shorerside.. But this, would. throw it al- 
together out of the way of the village, which would be a loss tOr 
the parish itself, aldiough the public would ba better aecommo- 
dated. It is possible to make it much easier, even though it stilt 
came by the village j but this could not be accomplished without 
such an e;i:pence as may occasion the alteration to be delayed at 


116 PAHTICULAll BESCRirTION [Parish (^ 

long time. After a road has been once made and !on<" uced, it 
becomes a business of no mean consideration to alter it. Th^ 
mere cxpence of making a new one, is only part of the difficulty. 
The wlioJe fences and fields in its vicinity will be disarranged; 
and will require to be dltered too ; whilst the old road itself be- 
comes a piece of lumber, hardly Applicable to any useful purpose. 
There are some very good roads bf communication throu^othei: 
parts of the parish. There is also an excellent on • formed in a 
hollow tract dwougli an opening betwixt the hills* .o communi- 
cate with the country to tlie eastward, in the pa: sh of Dairy ; 
.but as it i* hot yet completed through the latt jr parish, the 
country does not fiiily enjoy the benefit of it 

CtOJP0 CtiltltdtOtK — Wheat, to a pretty lar^ 3 extent, being 
about an eleventh part of all the lands iii tillage, i. nd as it is sown 
,oiTly after aummer fallow, potatoes or turnips ; it is generally a 
good crop. 

Baelbv, not much, liardly equal to the lands in turnip. 
Oats^ vepy extensively, forming nearly two third parts of ill 
the lands in tillage* 

BsANS, not so many as might be expected, considering the 
excellent crops of them'that are riaised on the light gravelly soils, 
'vpL drills by the shore sid6. 

Potatoes, are cultivated very extensively, seeing that therib 
is not much demand for them out of the parish. The quantity, 
even at the moderate estimate of ^0 bolls to the acre, will give 
upwards of 30 bolls to each family in the parish, at an average, 
yearly. But it must be remarked, that both cattle and horses 
partake largely of them, which will explain in some measure 

Turnips ai'e not more extensively cultivated, and yet these 
are grown on a greater extent of land than either Beans or Bar^ 
ley ; and for the credit of the husbandmen of this parisli, there 
is more turnip raised here than in any other parish in Cunning- 



' hame. It must however be conceded, that the soil is remarka- 
bly well adapted to thnr crop^ and tiie mfld winters horer vimSX 
of them' being carted off almost at all times ; aa ^dvautagtf whieh 
few of the <>ther parishes possess* 

Rv£> is cukivated to a small escteut oa. the most, saudf soils 
near the shore, and gi¥W a good: retom. . 

Fi.AX is gemerall)!! cultivated^ but in; snadl paidfisa ottitf ^ for 
the &nuil); use of the fitrmers themselvesi 

Clotsri and. B^x-Giuj5fi» coQJomedy are- mwn anitudfyi^ to^ 
the esQtentof abojut onaoevcaitKpartef thekndfi^ in^cultivatioti'; 
and being only on ground tliat had^ been; pxeirioiKly' in a.fti0 tSdi^ 
fcomi summer &Uavm •'potatoes,, tun^p; or beansy itiB genendlyf* 
»<p]3QdttGti¥6 rcmp^ and leaves; theJaad) in^av gix>d:i3tate foit the^' 
ffusseading patjftarOf which,, in. conseqpienc^.ta {productive: fhniv 
thoibc^iiuufigy.aBd'of course/tna^i^tauiB #moee^Gali|ley aom:&ir ac^<^ ninepfitib peJiumb>o£&^ 

Meadows.— I have not exact^ ascertained the extent ofith^eistf ^ 
iuithis parifth^but hav^at cM^eotunuLthem toextemii tb abtn^as 
iQiiich'a»tOneJuiUiof the land soflrtf annually in grasBiseedsi. The^ 
9XSS, ajqpiti^di to. hayHBaloi^fJoid^ inJiwoundi^ years^'ass- llltlejletis> 
vaittittle tbuii tba crop; rttttfedi&ona. seedl;. 

EftfOWBES^^FaoifoCuDniritTBDiLANi^^ about 

Beveoit parts* m> tmelve.afd[]{ the. lands « in cultivation Ai gMSit 
prnportiwa of thfim. is rtiiken ireguhad^r up once in-fiv€U>r-iiix^eaMy . 
bij^^ Mtt ft litde^ jrenittns>in pasiuf e^fbi^ tjmk ^or twel vb- yesmor4titS«^ 
\tx^g^^% mapy <fi9lda of whkab are raited feripvodad^^inostckttti*-' 
rian^ .grtasfl% whichifeed cattle and sheep, ta greats perf^tiotii * 
Michiof .the^^pjistiirea o^^ (altitoiu^- coapk(dy«^ 

within the reach of the plough,) are broughtiondertfflc^gc^alMyail^ 
iojtervalis oflteti oi. twelves yeaq^ mate fcirJthe^pin^pmttiof 
ing. tb^ grasis9a# thaii -fraoibL.getting^ lavgeix^rops xdLo^tc^ 

. FAJUj.awNditeaiMit«nteronrachan(loaklisa;^ 
l>ei|igi»SQ(Etedito oi;^iaGca8kii 

liar FJUITICitTIiAK i>Z!SCBlPTION [Vori^'^^ 


arnnfpntti fLa^dsin tillage, •. ^ 14551 . 

^f f*l J Cultivated grass land und meadow,. 3302 I TotaL 

^l^l 1 HiU pastures, &c 2935 f 7924. 

J^arwO* L Woodlands and gardens, 232 J 

The extent of lands under the different crops, will be seen in • 
the Table of Crops Cultivated, near the end^ 

. HiDC dtOtiUT— There ace some veiy fine dairies of milch cows 
in this parish, of an excellent breed, .but fpom the general hilly' 
nature of the. surface, much of the pastures are alloted to young 
stock and other yeU cattle as being better adapted to such a range* * 
The higher hills are pastured with sheep,. generally of the black 
faced kind, similar to the p^uires there, which have a great pnv- ^« 
portion of heath in thetr composition./. There ia a considerable ' 
number of young horses bred in thisparish too, a species of stodk • 
that is generally piofitable, though much more so at some times * 
than in others; ihsomucLtfaatjit 19 always a rery uncertain spe-> 

^anufOCturetf^'^None to any great extent beyond the ordi* * 
nary demand in the parish. itself^ unless that of weaving muslins, ^ 
to the Glasgow. or Paisley I maou&cturei^ in whi^h from 50 to 70 ' 
looms were employed. Biitthis (»afl has declined' much of lute^ * 

SU^ttittt^r^TtM was ini £>riier times id iource of profitable 
employment to many people in this pwisb. In the very intelli- • 
gont statistical^account of itv published in 1794y it is stated, that i 
prior to. that time there might be 150 men occasionally employed « 
at various- branches of the fishery ; but that it had by that time ^ 
dwindled, down to nothing. At present there are 7 wherries oc- - 
casionally employed in the herring Bstiagr giving work during ^ 
the season to 19 hands. 

fltoa-15at||tngir-As . the sea > opposite to rthis' parish retires ' 
pretty far back firom the shore at low water-^bathing is npt very 
convenienti aod though the coast side is remarkably /-pleasant^^ 
yet only » few people resort to it for bathing. ^ ISbej viUagQ. of .^ 



or Cunnihgame; 


^bride is 'at too great a distance from the coasts to induce 
sfrangeris to frequent it for the purpose. 

([linage of IKildntie*-— This clean, handsome place, laid out ^ 
chiefly in a street of upwards of a quarter of a mile in length, i* 
singularly situated in a hollow on the top of a hifl-^he country, , 
on all points but one, ascending to it by very, steep. roads. The 
hfauses are some of them of one story,,and some of them of two, . 
in height J but nearly the whole are covered Jwith blue slate, and . 
each has its fertile garden. Several of the landed proprietors 
have their mansions here, or in the immediate vicinity. > It is si- ~ 
tuated about 4 miles n. from Ardrossan, and about 7 s. from ^ 
Ilargs. The public road betwixt these townr, passes by the east 
erid, but does not nm through it The only trades' people in the 
parish reside here, and in number are as follows : 






II 1 1Smiths,«i 








The number of inhabitants altogether in it, i 
And in ; the countiy pturt of the parish^ 

iBesides 1 Surgeon-.-: 




9^00ti(«— Brides the$ p^ish school, tfttight'by.Ml'i Pinker- 
tta, there are two private sdiools in the viUi^e,^one taught by 
Mr. Craig, and one by Mr. Smith.- In tiiem all, 'the number 6V 
seholara is 126» : Sie Statistical Tabl&^ 

^tltijeit^tie^— Since the Revolution. . 


Robert Hunter,.; — April, 28. 168$.- DemittedMay3.1698' 

George Rennie^ Died "• 1712. , 

John Adam, ,, , , .Febroaiy 15}'1716i_ Died Sept 29. 1763.'. 

Assist & successor 7 Translatedto the neir^ 
March'28. 1751. X 


.&i!thiuhOttghtersoD,^ February 28. 1771 

Jarish, GreenocS^ . 
uly 12. 1770. 




9^t^tt of tfie JPqot.— There are 14 on the roll, of whom 
the greater part receive a shilling) weekly i one gets: Is^.^d, ns^eekr^ 
ly, and two, frqia pecuhar circumstances of distrea3> receiw^each 
3s. 6(1. weekly. The. sum^ bestowed, annually aioong them all w 
about £50: 14; 0, See Sitati^tical Tabl^. 


. South ANijrAN.-^Thi5^ fine ^t^ate is. situated on the nojrtbexil, 
extremity of t^ paris^h, and next to t^^t of Largs. It vfifiti long^ 
the property of the^Lqrds Senipil^ who had a remwk^Wy, pl(»ar 
sant mansion, here, npw in ruinp,^at the foot of a steep, bajok^ 
clothed wijh wopd, and within J[/)0 yards qf the spa^ At. the first 
breaking that great fanaily, about 100 years, agpy^it waspui> 
chased, by Ale^^ ninth £^rl of Eglinton, and is at present 
the property of his ^afi4-<iaug)iterXady M^ry MontgPRfery Bvq^ 
gess. Xt extends t^^ ^bput 2,400 acrpfsi, of .which more.tht^i. « 
third part is gj^od, arai)le land j a coRfiflerwil|l9 -portion, »?,^ 
tufa},^Wf^iL ^if^ ^9 rc^ainden is sound hill pastufe. Dwvid^ 
Marshf4jl9, Esq^ o^ If oilaijuid^|;d|^i buUt on it, » remarkably 
Jbands(XDQ|^ cottage^Oj:; viUi^ in the imipediiite vidnity of the old 

Hif)^^.fii|9)Qn[:; ^(Hunter, Esq.) This property is situated next 
to,thp^p|-ec^i|)g, apdl to l4ip:3KesAwarfl,Qffit^ and occupies, ft con- 
sid!?r9]?le^exj^ep,t «lqi|g t]}« sea ahan?, It 19, no^.on tiecQrd; thafc, 

it^evpr belftp^ tp. i^y.pth^r faij^iljs^ ^Q^thitl ao^far a» ia kno^,. 
the family of Hunter may have bieQ]p.the .oi^ginftl ppoprie^QiVi It,. 
extends to about ,700 acres; of which ,thqre*may,be 70 or 80 acres 
in old wood, or in new plantations; perhaps 30 or 40 acres in 
iiUi pasture ; and the.xest arable iandi There is a good andcom- . 
modip^s nxa.nsion s>^ ^U pf recent ejection, set down.pnia.plaini. 
wit|ii^Uttleqioreth«|) lQ0ya]:ds^iromthe8hoieand4XXBamandiBg 
o^c^ of those much /raried.and very extensiye ^prospects, for which, 
.this whole coast. side is enjineptly. remarkabla The old castel*-^ 
jiated mansion of HuntersjtpPi, i».^,gQpd;sreiif^4riti9Q^ fcsul. 


OF Cunning!)ame« 


bid among its surrounding ancient timber, that has be6n grcvir- 
ing there for ages. 

punter of Jjmntemdn* 

The HuNTEKs OP Hunterston, or, of that ilk ; have possess- 
sed these lands from a very remote period. There is indeed no 
evidence that- they ever were possessed by any other. They had 
also other estates, some of which they retained till little more 
than' a century: ago, when they were alienated by the grandfather 
of the present proprietor. It is not easy, however, to connect 
the line of succession, in any of the ancient Scottish families, 
during the more early times, though there may be no reasonable 
cause of doubt, that they then existed. In the present case, the 
first in authentic record of this family, was 

I. Atlmer de la Hunter, who was one of the Magnates Sco- 
tia, who,. in 1296, subscribed the noted submission to Edward I. 
of England, in the question betwixt Balliol and Bruce, relative 
to the Scottish crown. (See Bagman Roll, and Nisbet*8 Remarks 
on it,) The. next in record was 

IL William Hunter, who obtained the lands of Arnele, by 
a Charter from Robert II. in the 4th year of his reign, (1374,) 
on the resignation of Sir Andrew Campbell, whence, probably, 
that part of the Hunterston estate, called Cainpbelton, received 
the name. Another descendant of the family, also <^alled, 

HI. William Huntee, nearly 80 years, aftei-wards, obtained 
the lands of Hi^ees in the parish of Dairy, by a seisin froiri 
Andrew Linn of that ilx, dated 4tli March 1452; his son, 

IV. ARcmBALD Hunter, married Jean Craufurd of the family 
of Corseby, by whom be had a son, 

V. John Hunter of Hunterston, who married Margaret, 

fourth daughter of John second Lord Cathcart, by Margaret^ 

daughter of Sir William Douglas of Drumlanrig : by whom he 


VL RoBEUT Hunter of Hunterston, who on 5th Sept, 1^17 


ISti PABTIOULAR DsilCEXPTlOK . [ Pari^ off 

was in&ft in the island of Liaralash ; — he married Margaret Crau* ^ 
furd9 another of the Ladies of Corsbie^ and by her had a son, 

VIL Robert Hunter of Hunterston^ who married .Janet 
Montgomery, daughter of Montgomery of GifHn ; — ^he acquired 
the island of Little Cumbra» as appears by a precept dated 31st 
May 1527 ; also the lands of Annanhill, as appears by a Charter 
dated 22d Nov. 1531 ; and on tlie 6th Dec 1535, he had a Char- 
ter from the Crown of the five merk Jand of Campbelton, — ^whieh 
property is in the possessioQ of the family till this day. His son^ 

Vni. MuNQO or QuiNTBGHBN HuNTER of Hunterston, was 
served heir to his father in 1540, and married a daughter of James 
Hamilton of Tprrancej— ^he was killed at the battle of Pinkie- 
Cleugh 10th Sept 1547, and was succeeded by his son, 

IX. Robert Hu;NT£R of Hunterston ; — ^he aicquired the lands 
of South Karnes^ in the Shire of Bute, by a crown Charter dated 
29th Nov. 1578 ;-T-he married Margaret, daugjhter of Craufurdr \ 

. of Aychnames, by whom he had two sons r 1. Robert ; 2. ; 

and a daughter, Jean ;-^he was succeeded by his eldest son, 

X.; Robert Hunter of Hunterston, who died Without issue ; 
^his sister, Jean, was married to Mr. Robert Cunninghame, mm^ 
ister of Barn weil, brother to Mr. Cunninghame of Carhmg, to 
whom she had two daughters: L Jean; and 2. . Catherine^ who 
married Robert Cunninghame of Auchenharvie. J^an, the eld- 
est daughter, married . 

XL Patrick Hunter of Banbury Yards^ and great-grandson 
of Mungo Hunter as above, and son-of the second son of Roberta 
No. IX. iq this, account, and who of course ranks as, No. XL in 
this genealogy, and who in consequence of this marriage, uniting 
the rights of the family in his person, became laird of Hunterston, 
in the year 1611. The issue of the marriage was three sons ; 1. 
Robert ; 2. the Rev. Henry Hunter, minister of Dromore ; 3. 
Francis ; and two daughters, the one marrijed to Cunninghame 

KILBRIDB."] or <Ciitnninj^me/ 123 : 

of Carlung, and the other to Kennedy of Bardanddian ; — lie was- 
ancceeded by his eldest son^ 

^ Xn* RoBERf Hunter of Hunterstoti. ^ In 1674 *he was serv- 
ed heir of conquest, of the Rev. Henry Hunter, as above, his im- 
mediate ycumger brother He married £lifi(dbethf daughter of ' 
William XJraufttrd of Aucimftmes, {see Nd, 9 in that account,) by 
Anna) liaugbter of Col. Xiamont of Ineryne, by whom he had four 
sons : 1. Patrick ; 2. Robert, (ancestor €yt Kirklsmd ;) 3. Hugh, 
who was a Physician in Kilmarnock ; and 4, James> who was bred 
to the Bar*^ He was suoceeded by his eldest son^ 

XHL PAinncTC Hunitbr of Httnterston, who miurried Marion^ 
daughter of John Cunninghame of Zjaiigmuir, by whom he ac- 
quired that property ; and had issue : It Patrick ; 2. Henry3 min- 
ister of Mearns ; ssid a d^ughter^ Dorothea, married to Henry 
Cunninghame of Cailufig i**^he died in. 1698, tod was succeeded 
by his eldest iM», 

XIV. PATfticK Hui^fTER of Huttterston, who married Marion . 
ddest daughter of Thonnas Crawiurd of Cartsbutn, by whom he 
had issue, five sons and fbui' daughters: 1. Patrick^ who died in 
his father's lifetime; 2. Robert; 3* David, wh6 married Miss- 
Millikin of Port-GlasgoW, by whom he had Patrick Hunter, mer- 
ehant, Liondon ; 4.' Henry ; 5^ Thonias ;-^the daughters were : - 
1; Rebecca, di<»i unmattied^/Sl 'Elisabeth, married to Mr. John 
Hyndman of LundeistoH^; ^. Marion, married to Mn Hugli 
Muir; 4. Dori^ea, . mangled 1st to Mr. Kelso of Hutderhurst, 
and 3dly to Mr. Hugh Weir of Kirkhall ; and 5* Margaret mar- 
lied'tb Mr* (Saldwell, merchant and shipmaster in Greenock ; — ^he - 
died in 1733, and was succeeded by his eldest surviving son. 


%»»»»!» »IM»<»%%<^%^»»%^»%%*<^ %%%%%» 

* He marriai Maigaret Sp^dingi b^ wham he had GeneralHobeit Hunter, who 
was highly esteemed as an excellent pinqer and a good scholar. He died Governor of 
Jsunaica in 17S4. He married Lady Elisabeth DSziel, only child of John fourth Earl 
at OiVBwath, widow. of Brigadier G^eral Lord John Ha]E, Col. of the Scots Greys, and > 
second son of John second Marquis of Tweedale. liis descendants, the Orby Hunterst - 
of.CtOyhmd-AW>«^*in Lincolnshire, arc ireH known for th^n: tfespectability. 

}^ PARTfcuLAR f:\2aonipTioN ^Varxs%cf 

XV. Robert Hunter of Hunterston, who married Miss 
Aitchison of Glasgow, by whonj he left two daughters ; 1. £le»- 
oora; 2. Marion; — he died in 1795, and was succeeded ;by hisj 
eldest daughter, 

XVI. Eleanoha Hunter, who mairied her ccmsin, Robert 
Caldwell Hu^teir of Hunter ston, and the issue of the marriage 
are three sons; .1. Robert; 2. PatrJick; 3. Norman ;. and four 
daughters : ] • Eleanora; 2. JMarion Cr^wfurd ; 3. Margaret ; and 
4. Janet. 

Arms, — Vert ; three dogs of the chace couraqt, Argent, col- 
lared. Or : on a chief of the second, three hunting-horns of the 
first, stringed, Gules : Crest, a greyhound sejant^ Argent, collar- 
ed. Or: Motto, Cu]fsum Perficio. - 

Ardneil; (Craufurd of Aucbnames.) This property is situi- 
^ted to the south of the lands la^t mentioned, and in their imme- 
diate vicinity. It comprehends the lands by the sea coast on both 
^ i^ides of the promontory of Portnicross, and extends from thence 
eastwards to within three quarters of a mile of the ^village of Kil- 
bride. The whole amounts to about 700 acres, of which about 
30 is under{)|antation J about 100 in fine, green hill pasture ; and 
the remainder arable land, of an easy workable soil, of various 
qualities, but in general of coiisiderablle fertility. Mr Craufurd 
has a small but neat Cottage upon it, where he occasionally re« 
sides, at Portincross, near to the.ancieqt castle of the same qame. 
On this property, over-looking the $e^, are situated those gr^n4 
and beautiful hills, named The Sisters, — ^which rise abruptly 200 
feet or more, and being skirted with natural woqd, they exhibit a 
scene of picturesque heauty seldom equalled^ 

In the "Peerage^" by Douglas, this estate. is said to have 
been possessed by John Balliol, and forfeited by Robert Bruce, 
and conferred by that King on his steady adherent. Sir Robert 
Boyd of Kilmarnock, by a Charter dated in 1306.— Wood more 
correctly states these lands and the adjacent lands of Kilbryde 

to haye belonged to^Godfrny^Ross at that time^ (who wafsof thib 
• BallioL party,) -^aiKl being fo]:i(eited9wa'eb^ as, above, on 

Sir Robert Boyd r-^c^nd^ this appeaars to be the fact^ (roiP ^ ^^py 
of the Charter itself whidb was lately published at Edinburgh, in 
.that valuable work entitle ^^ Registrum MajgnrSigili,^ where it 
is to be seen, — Sir Thomas Boyd of Kilmarnock^ son of the above 
Sir Robert, had three sons: I. Thomas, his successor; 2. William, 
who had a grant of the lands of Auchmar in the county (^Dun- 
barton j and S, Robert, on whom he conferred the lands of Ar^ 
^nele or Portincross^ so x^led, after this last, from its being thfe 
manor place df the barony. 'From* this Robert, who affixes hiis 
^eal to a deed of his brother, William, in the year of our Lord 
1372, was descended, in the direct male line, Robert Boyd of 
Portinctioss who was served heir to his guidsire, (grandiather,) 
Robert Boyd of Portincross, on the 29th July 1658, '' in ihfe five 
omerk land dfArdneiU within the parochin of KiIteidefind-Biiily- 
iarie of Cunninghame : The 80 sh. land of the Maynes of Heir 
Jkigtown ; tho'^half of the Myln of Hellingtown ; the 2 mei^ land 
<if the Muir of Hellingtown : the 46sh. 8d. land of Knockindaill ; 
the 4 merk land of Harrickhill of old extent, within the Bailyiary 
of Kyle-Stewart ;** all of which are more particularly described 
in the Retour of his service, which will be foundin the Register 
Office in Edinburgh. Who he married 4s not mentioned, but he 
3iad a son, Robbrt^ and a daughtep, "GnrzEL j atad died betwiict 
the month of JMardi 1694, and the month of Sepik 1695, as may 
be inferred i&Qm some entries in the Parish Register of Kilbride 
in these two periods. He was succeeded by his only son, 

Robert Botd «>f Portincross, who married before the year 
J694, Aiitonia Montgomery, (daughter of Sit Robert Montgo* 
mery of Skelmorley, by Antonia) ^daughter of Sir James tSk^ott of 
Rossie) by whom he had a ^som Hugh, and a daughter, Lilias> both 
of whom died in infancy. He died previous to the year ltl4j 

without leaving any surviving Issue : upon which the representar^ 

I i 



l^PariA* of/ 

tion of the family^ as Vdl M the possession of the estate^ devolve 
ed on the issue of his sister, 

Grizel BotD of Poitittcross,- who, previous to the year 168(H 
was married to Alexander Fullartonv Esq, of Kilmichael in the 
isle of Arran,f being his ^second wife ^ tto whom she had two sons^ 
William and Robert; and five daughtess^^ Mrs* FuUarton died 
at KilmichaeLon the Hth.March 1722.:- Her^ldesto son Williaji 
had succeeded to the estate of Portincross before the year 1714, 
by^a special destination on the death of his. maternal uncle, when 
be took the name of Botd only*-r— In. 1714 he married Grizel 
Campbell, only daughter of Angus Campbell;^ Esq. Captain of 
l^ipnesS) by whom he hadasonr, John, and fou^daughtel^^ the 
ddesty Elisabeth, .married Donald; Macdonald, Esq. Collector of 
Excise. at Campbelton, and left issue, -a. son^^Mr^ John Macdon^ 
aid, present Port-Surveyor of Excise at Greenock'y and a: daughter^ 
Anne. Hie. above . Williara^ about the year .1746, alienated the 
ancient family estate of Portincross to Patrick Craufurd, Esq. of 
Auchnames, and afterwards acquired the lands of BalnakiU in 
Kintyre, where he died. He was succeeded by ^his : only £ioh) 
John, who died without issue, at Skipness, about the yesa^l7S4 
or 1785.- 

Thus the elder branch of the marriage betwixt Grizel Boyd 
of Portincross, and Alexander FuUarton of Kilmichael, having 
failed of heirs male in the* person of the above John, we now re^ 
turn to the seooad son of that marriage, namely ,> Bbs^RT, wfao^ 
in the year 1723, married Ist Anna Cunninghame, youngest 

%»%%%%%% %%%»<»»%»%%»ll»»»0«.%i»*^%»%%%»1 

* It is highlf pr^b^le', thatithe family of Kibnichael in Anan, and.that of Fnllar* 
ton of that Ukj in Ayrshire, ^re descended from two brothers, to which tradition gi?es 
the names of Lewis and James; the latter /founding the family t)f that ilk, and the 
former that of Arran i who touthisday^retain.the patronimick of MicLewift-or Mac^^ 
loy, and who are in possession x>f a Charter from Robert Bruce, granting to them the 
alKyve lands of Kilmichael and others, in the isle of Arran, together with the heritable 
office. of Coroner of that island $ which office they enjoyed till the beginning of the 
last century, when James FuUarton of Kilmichael, alienated tha right to Anne Duch^ 
Q«s of Hanailton^ • 


or CttmitRt$amei 


_ inipgTiame» Esq, of Gaflimg) 'by wfabm 'Ke 

had two diildren who died in infancy : Sdly^ he married about the 

three boiis^ and three 

year 1732. Anne £ang» by whom: he 
daughters. About the time of hisiirst marriage.^he acquired the 
pjroperty of Overton, part of the estate of Carlung, and dying in 
June 1750, was succeeded by his^ldest son, Willi am^w^io mar* 
liied in 1783 Mary Tarbet, and had issnA^ three sons: Johny Fran- 
cis, and WiUiam ; and two daughters : Mary, who died in infant 
cy ; and Robina*. Ho died in the end of the year 17d4, and was 
succeeded by his eldest son, r 

JoHN FuLLAHTOx of Ovcrton, who zrat present aLieutenant 
in the 71st regiment of foot 

Arms. — ^The same ^ with the original^ family of Kilmaraoclr> 
with the distinction of a suitable: difference. 

The lands of Overton, the property of this Gentleman, are si- 
tuated in the ¥icinity of the \;illage of Kilbride, to the westward. 
They are of a very good quality, and there is upon them a neat 
small mansion -in a very cheerful situation*. 

Cahlung and Braid, (Archibald . Alexander, Esq.) ' These 
two conterminous properties are skuated eastward from the landi6 
of Ameil, and southward from those of Hunterston^ being bounds 
ed by them both ; whilst.a.part of them appsoacbbs close to th6 
village of Kilbride. They extend to about 250^«eres^ all arable 
or will soon^be so, from impsovementS' at present gping on^ The 
soil is various ; somie of it mossy, but bj much the greater pro^ 
portion is a dry* land- upon rotten roc?k, which^in aH cases^ is fer- 
tile, whether it be in tillage or in pasture;*- There is a good md^ 
dem house on the Carlfing property, wheiseMn Alexander re- 
aides ; and an acre or two in the vicinity of it, of thriving plan^^ 
tations, which always improve the look of a plaoe^ as well^as add 
to the value. 

Carlung was for some ages possessed by a family of Cunnings 
laiames, descended directiv of the Glencairn.familv! fhAfiraii ^ 

.128 . rABTIOULAA DESCRirriON [PoH^i ^f 

fhem being Hugh Cunninghamey thirdson of Williain the fourth 
Earl of G]b^cain|9rand which !]E]larl died in the year 1'547^ From 
the second aon of that £&rl is descended the preset £imily of 
Corsehill ; and from the fifth Bon^ the pres^it Marquis of Conyng- 
.hame in Ireland ; from the fourth son w|is descended the Cun« 
jxinghacnes of Motintgreoan ; whilst from the dd^tton was des* 
cended the lale £airl of Olencairn. The whole'male issue of the 
1st, the 3d) and the 4th sons, are now extinct. Tibe genealogy 
is thui^ c^ 

Cunntngf)ame of Catlang« 

/HvG|i Ci^NKiNOHAinc, .third aon of William iburth Earl of 
Glencaim, who, as appears from Mr. -Grawfurd^s ifistory of Ken* 
frewshirf^, got .possession of the lands-of Watter^toun in the year 
1538, frpni;his father, than«master offOlei^cairn ; and from whom 
was di^ce^ded in the male line ALEiCAViwa Cunninghams of 
'Cajdungand Watterstoun, who^ in the year 1 658, was^ served hdr 
;to his &ther in the com miln of Drummilling, &c. as appears 
from the Retour of Service. Which Alexander dyin^ without 
issue was succeeded by his immediate younger .brpther) Joseph, 
who we find was seryedfheir to his brother Alexander in said com 
miln, &;& 18th March 1664. Which Joseph was succeeded by 
his :Otitly ^remaining ;bi^ther Henry, anno. 1674, who married 
Dorothea Hunter, .da^hter of Robert Hunter of Hunterston, by 
^^hich jtnarrjage he had nine spns and six daughters. He. died 
^about 4^jbie year 1705, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Alex- 
ANDBH, who married Margaret Wallace, about the year 1728; by 
,whom he had two sons^ Patrick and Alexander ; they both died 
in infancy. Which Alexander dying about the ye$r 1736, wa^ 
succeeded in the estate of Carlung, by his;<mly surviving brother, 
HENnT) who also dying without heirs of his own, the lands of 
Carlung devolved to his only remaining sister, Marion, who had 
preyjously married JoH^ iBovn, said to have been a younger son 
pf the fanjily of Pitcon^ to whom she had two sons, 1st John ; 2d 

rKFLBJRlbE.] : OP Cunttingfwtttf , • ^129 

I Robert, who died unm&rtied, and one daughter, Dorothea, mar- 
. ried to George Hunter of Kijrkland, and had issue. The above 
Marion Ciinninghame died about the year 1764> and was suc- 
ceeded by her eldest son, John ^Boyd, who married Elisabeth 
Hunter, daughter of Robert Hunter of Kirkland, by which mat- 
. riage he had two sons: -1st John ; 2d William ; and two daugh- 
ters, Jean and Marion ; the sons both died unmajried, the last of 
. whom, John, died in the year 1792, and was succeeded in the 
• estate of Garlung by his'two sisters as above. The eldest, Jean, had 
-previously married her cousin, Robert Hunter of Kirkland, and 
Jias issue, [see.^Hunter of Kirkland] Marion, married to the Rev. 
Robert Steel, minister of the West Parish of Greenock, to whom 
she had one son and ei^t daughters. 

The above Jean and Marion Boyd, on their accession to the 
.lands of Carlung, assumed the name of Cuhninghame, afler that 
of Boyd; and in the year 1 799, theyi alienated Carlung to Archi- 
, bald Alexander, Esq. of Boydstone, ^hose property it now is. 

Drummellino ; (Mr, Muir.) This property is situated east- 
^ward from the lands of Carlung, arid is in extent from 70 to 80 
'Acres of good arable land, on which is a neat modern house. 

. MiLTONFORD and WooDsiDE ; (Mr. Millan) These lands are 
-in the same neighbourhood, are of good soil, and the more valu- 
lable that they lie so ilear to the village ^of Kilbride. The extent 
may be from 90 to perhaps 100 acres. .. > 

' CowBRAESHAW ; . (Heirs of Mr. Kyle.) A small property of 30 
.or 40 acres, situated by the way side northwards, and at no great 
tiistance from the village. So is 

Gatesipe, 3^c. (Mr. XiUsk^) still a less property, but this, as 
well as the irnmediately preceding, is mostly all good workable 
land, both reqdered still miore .valuable from their npar neighbour* 
hood to the village. 

Corseby; (Craufiii:^ of Auch^ames.) Eastward from alj 

ih?ppj is sHvated this e^^teosfttq property, apti wlu<:h extends .*• 

190^ MBTtCDJUft ratscKiPTioN [Paruhof' 


cross the whole jemaining breadth of the parish5 ovefr hiU and - 
dale, till it joins the parish of Dairy, and in which a small part of ' 
itJieisi. It exceeds' 1500 acres, of which ^bove a third partis 
arable and meadow ; more than 50 acres in natural wood or plan- 
tation; a small extent of mossland| and the remainder dry hill ^ 
pasture, partly green and partly heath land. There is an old 
mansion on this property, in good preseryation, though not habi- 
table, about a mile, or a little .more, northeast from Kilbride, but 
13 hardly to be seen through the woods with which it is surround- , 
ed. Few places present a moi?e inyiting scite for a modern man- 
sion stilL Thia estate has long been in the possession of Mr. 
Craufurd's family, whose, history faUsnow to be introduced. 

CraufutD of du^nmejef. 

The very widely-spreading femily of Crawford, is purely of 
native origin, underived from Norman or other foreign source. 
It divided very eady into three great branches. 

I. Crawford of Chawforb, which failed of male issue in 124S, 
when Margaret, eldest daughter of Sir John Crawibrd, the last 
chief of that house, carried half of his lands to her husband^ Ar- 
chibalduade Douglas, Doainus lod ejusdem^ whilst a youager 
daughter, ^ose name is not mentioned, married JSir David de 
Lindsay of Wauchopdale, and brought with her the r^aioder 
of these lands to that family, from whom desc^ided the. Eaiis of 
Crawford and Lindsay. 

II. The family of Ca^ wford-John, descended from another 
Sir John Crawford, and who must have enjoyed these lands as a 
distinct estate from those of Crawford proper. Fiom Uiis £miily 
have sprung the Crawfords anciently of Loudoun, of whom Craw- 
furdland— ^raw&rds of Auchnames — of Kilbirnie — ^and many 
oilers, who are still distinguished by their original aunorial bear- 
ing, GuleSy a fesse. Ermine. 

III. Crawfvbd? of Dalmac69£gan, whose armorisl bearings 
i»ve idwaya been the stag's head> in allusion to a^legendary story 

kUbride.] mf Cunnlngame* * 131 

of their common imcestof^ Sir Gregany having interposed betwixt 
David L and a stag that had dishorsed him while hunting* From 
this famity. descended the Crawfiirds of Torringzean— of Kerse 
-^Lifiaores^ &c. All these carried the stages head, and all are 
now extinct with the exception of Kerse and Drumsoy, now^* 
wilted with Auchnames, as shall presently be shown. 

In Prynne*s History of the Submission of the Chiefs of the 
Scottish; Nation to £dward L of England, there is mention made 
of nine Bibrons of the name of Crawford, which shews that they 
mulit have been very numerous at this period. But as in that . ^ 
roll there are no designations added to the names, it cannot be 
kiwwn who they were ; only we may be assured that they were 
the heads of the different families of this name, who ard known 
to have existed atrtbat time: Folr example, the families of Lou- 
doun-^f Auchnamesh— of Ardach, or Crawfurdland— of Kerse— 
Drongan, &c^^ 

Many of the ancient Charters and other jpapers belonging to 
the families of Kerse and Drumsoy, being in the hands of Ronald 
Crawfurd, Esq. W. S. perished in a fire, which> on the 9th May 
1741, burnt his house in Edinburgh. On that account the fol-^- 
lowing genealogy of these families is longer of commencing than 
it ' otherwise would have done. It is however compiled fronl 
well-vouched authorities, and such papers as -were preserved; , 
• and is connected thus : • 

I. EsPLiN Cracfurd of Kerse. From a Charter dated in 
14iB8, it appears that he niarried Sibella Little, by whom he had « 
his successor. 

II. Alexander Craufurd, mentioned in a Charter dated in 
1505. Dying without issue he was succeeded by liis brother, 

II. Bartholemew CnAUFunn. He married Anne, second*, 
daughter of Andrew, third Lord Evandale, directly descended of ^ 
Robert II. King of Scots. By this Lady he had his successor,. 

m^ David Craoturd of Kers€t He had'Charters in 1526 > 

i jt 32 PARTieULAR DEdOHIPTlON [ Par Mi ^jT 

; and 1539, of various lands in Carrick. He married Catherine, 
^daughter of Hamilton of Sanquhar, bj whom he had tw6 sons, 

IV. David, the eldest son succeeded. He appeal's to have 

.])een twice married: 1st to a daughter of the first Lord Campbell 

.x)f Loudoun, and 2dly to adaxighter of Lord Fleming, by- whom 

he had four daughters, but no male issue. The representation of 

,the family.uow devolved on his. .bcother, 

IV. William Crawfurd ofDrumsoy, so designed as a witness 
in a contract of marriage betwixt James Boswell of Auchinleck, 
and his neice, Marion Crawford, dated 1590. Who he married 
is not ascertained, but he was succeeded by his son, 

V. Duncan Craufurd of Drumsoy, wlio, about the year 1600, 
married Margaret, daughter of Sir Robert Fairley of Fairley, by 
jvhom he had 

VI. David Crawford of Drumsoy. He married a daughter 
of Gordon of Crai^hlaw, whose mother was eldest daughter of 
David IV. of Kerse, by whom he had, L David ; 2. Esplin, a cap- 
tain in the army, who died unraaiTied; and 3. Patrick, of whom 
afterwai-ds. He was succeeded by his eldest son, 

VII. David Craufurd of Drumsoy. He married a daughter of 
Crawfurd of Ardmillan, by whom he had 

VIII. David Crawfurd, Historiographer of Scotland to Queen 
Anne, and author of some other works. He married in 171Q, 
and had one daughter, Emilia, who died unmarried in 1731. He 
himself died in the lifetime of his father, on whose death the re- 
presentation , of the family devolved on his uncle, 

VII. Patrick the third son of David No. VI. He married 
Jst a daughter of Gordon of Xurnberryj by whom he had a son, 
ThoMAS, who died at Paris in 1724, being at that time Envoy 
Extraordinary frpm the British Court to that of France. Also 
a son, Robert, who died unmarried. He had also two daughters, 
married respectively to Mr. Hogg, merchant, Edinburgh, and t9 
iTobn Cochrane, Esq. of Ravelri^. — 2dly, he i^arriied is.^^) the 

^KlLBRWE.] OF €mniti&ium. I3d 

second daughter of Archibdld Crawford of Auc^aamesi atad 
through her became possessed of the lands of Auchnames^ &c« 
By this Lady he had issue : 1. Patrick ; 2. George, of whom 
afterwards ; 3. RonaldOaufurd of Re^alrig, W. S.;* 4. James, 
a considerable merchant in Holland, who married there, and Id^ 
a numerous issue ; 5. Hugh, who died, unmarried, in the East 
Indies; 6. Alexander, bred to arms, and died, unmarried, in 
Lord Cathcart^s expedition to Carthagena^ in 1741 ; 7. John, was 
a Lieut^General in the army. Died in Minorca, at that time 
being Governor of that island. 

Patrick Craufurd of Drumsoy, died in 173S, and was suc- 
c ceeded by his eldest son, 

VIIL Patrick Craufurd of Auchnames, tDrumsoy, kc Ife 
was twice chosen Member of Parliament for the County of Ayr, 
tind in 1761 for that of Renfrew. He manried 1st Elisabeth, 
daughter and co-^heiress of George Middleton, Esq. Banker in 
London, by whom he had two softs: 1. John*; SL James^ Lieut. 
Col. dr the 8d Regiment of Foot Guiffds, and Governor of Ber- 
muda. He died without issue, in 1811 ; 2dly, he married Sarah, 
daughter of Hugh Lord Sempil, by whom he had a daug^er^ 
Sarahs who died unmarried in 1796. He died in January 1778, 
and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

IX. John Craus'urd of Auchnames, &c. who was JVJ^mb^ of 
^Parliament for Old Sarum in 1766, and aiierwards £br Renfrew^ 
shire in 1774. He wsjs an intimate associate of CSiarles Fox. 
He died unmarried in 1814, and was succeeded by liis cousin, 
/descended from 

^»>^%%^%»% <^%%' 

%%^»»» »^ »%»% % % %%*<.%»^»»»%%»%v»<^»»»«*^^»%%«*»*%*i%%%»»»%%i%%^»<»%»».v%%i^%%»4'fc »»%%»»»>»»—»»»%%»» 

• He married in 1T4S, Catherine, daughter of Fotbes of KefwhaU. Hediecl ifc 
1762, leaving a son, who died luunarried^ and four daughters; 1. Margaret^ whd 
married Patrick Earl of Dumfries, to whom she had a daughter, Elisabeth, married t6 
the Viscount Mountstewart, and was mother of the present Marquis of 'Bute, Baxldi 
Dumfries, 8cc»i 2. Jane^ married to "William Berry, Esq. and has issue ( S. Anna* 
beila, married to William FuUartGoi, Esq. of Rosemount^ and 4. Catherine Forbes^ 
^ho died unmarried. 


L I 


VIII. George Craupurd, second son of Patrick Craiifurd oiS 
Auchnames, (see No. VII.) Lieut. Col. of the 53d Regiment, wha 
married Anne, daughter of ■ > Randal, Esq. of Salisbury, by 
whom he had a son, Patrick George, and a daughter, Mary, mar-^ 
ried to Thomas Gilbert, Esq. a Member of Parliament of distin-< 
guished abilities. He died in 1758, and was . succeeded by his; 

IX. Patrick- George, who married Jane, daughter of Lieut- 
Col. Donald Macdonald of the 84th Regiment^ Brigadier-General: 
in America ; by which Lady, who died in July 1811, he had issue :, 
George, who died unmarried in 1804; 2. John; 3. William- 
Petrie ; 4. Donald; and two daughters,. Margaret ^nd Catherine.; 
He died in 1804, and on* the death of John Cranfurd of Auch-^ 
names as above, in 1&14, the second son of Patrick George, 

Xi John Craupurd, succeeded to the estates. That of Auch-« 
names in Renfrewshire was feued out, in 1764, by. Patrick, No.» 
VIII, who retained only, the superiority of it ; but the lands o£ 
Gorsbie, Ameil, &c/ in Ayrshire, are still possessed by the family^ 
John, the present proprietor, in 1814 married Sophia Marianna,: 
daughter of Major-General Horace Churchill, and has. issue^ . 

XI. Er>WARD Henry John ; Katherina Horatio ; and Ronald^ 
born on the 19th June 1819.- 

Such is the genealogy of the family of Crawfurd of Drumsoy : 
that of Auchnames, united to it as above, is descended of the 
Crawful^ds of Loudoun, thus : — Sir Reginald de Crawfurd, de-»^^ 
rived from th.e same stock, with the family, of Crawfurd of Da)- 
magregan, married Margaret, the daughter of James de Loudoun,. 
Dominns de eodem^ by which he acquired that, property. He was . 
also High Sheriff of the county of Ayr. The date of this marriage 
is not stated, but he was witness to a Charter- in 1220, which, so 
fer, points out the time in which he lived. , He wa^ succeeded; 
in his lands. and office by his only son, Hugh, who h a witness 
tp a Charter in 1226, The son and successor of this Hugh, wasr^ 

. ■<I^ If **■ 

% I •'.«'' J^W •• •''■' 

KrLBRWE.] OF Cunningliame: 13^ 

also named Hugh, and the time in which he lived is so far ascer-- 
tained by a safe conduct, which he got, dated 1255. The son of 
the last Hugh, was Sir Reginald Crawfutd of Loudoun, ^leriff 
of Ayr, who was murdered by the English at Ayr in 1297. Sa 
far from Douglas. — The inraiediate progenitor of the Crawfurds 
of Auchnames, was Sir Reginald de Crawfurd, brother carnalis 
to the last Hugh mentioned, who became the first Baron of Audi- 
names about the year 1300. 

Owing to the destruction of a considerable part of the family 
papers in 1741, by fire, as already stated, there occurs a chasm in: 
the earlier part of the genealogy of the family of Auchnames, asr 
well as in that of 'Drumsoy ; but that accurate annalist, Crawfurd, 
who wrote his History of Renfrewshire before the year 1710; 
says, that the Crawfurds had- been in possession of Auchnames 
well nigh 400 years before that time, and this he must have knowii 
from the family papers then existing, and which coincides very 
nearly with what is above stated. 

In the papers still preserved, the first in record next to Si^ 
Reginald, was. 

I. Thomas Craufurd of Atichnames, which appears from a 
Charter of confirmation by Robert III., dated at Amiel, on the 
24th Oct. 1401 . He was succeeded by his eldest son, 

II. Archibald Craufurd, as appears from a Charter dated 
in 1427. He was succeeded by his-son, 

Robert Craufurd of Auchnames, who- Was twice married : 
1st to Margaret Douglas, daughter of George Master, of Angus, 
(and sister to Archibald the Great Earl, who married the widow 
of James IV. daugl^ter of Henry VII. of England,) by whom he 
had a daughter married, to Semple of Noblestoun. He next mar- 
ried Marion Houstoun, daughter to Houstounof thatDk, by whom 
he had three sons; James, Henry, and Robert,-— in whose fa- 
ymir he granted a Charter, in 1483, and in 1484 gave seisin ofi 
bis- whole lands to his eldest son, James, reserving his own life-- 


renty and was killed in 1513) along with James IV. at the battle 
of Floudoun and was succeeded by his son,* 

IV. Jame9 Craufvrd of Audiname$9 who had a Charter of 
the lands of Corsbie and Munnock in 1498, and appears in other 
Charters dated in 1526, and 1533- He was succeeded bj his son^ 

V. Thomas OiAUipuiiD of Ai)chnames» who in 1539 obtained 
a gift of the non-entries of the lands of Auldmuiip^ said to haye 
been 100 years in arrear. He married Marion^ daughter of 
Montgomery of HsKelhead, by whom he had three sons, all in 
succession lairds of Auchnames. He died in 1541, and was svc- 
cecded by the eldest son, 

VL JoHV Craup^rd of Auchnamest wbo;was killed at the bat- 
tle of Pinkie, lOth Sept 1547, and was succeeded by his brother, 
* VL William Craufu&d of Auchnam^. He marri^ An* 
nabella, daughter 'of Clhdimers of Gadgtrth,^by whom he had a 
.son, James, who died before himself, but who had previously 
married Elisabeth, daughter of William sixth .Earl of Glencaim, 
by whom he had a daughter, Jane, on wliom was settled the lands 
of Corsbie, and of whom afterwards. On the death of William 
Craufurd, he was succeeded iii ^he barony of Auchnames, by his 

VL Patrick Craufurd, and who succeeded also his n^hew, 
James, in the lands of Auldmuir.and Whiteside; both in 1585. 

He married Frazer, daughter of the Laird of Knock, by whom 

he had his successor, 

• This account is taken from Nisbefs Hera/dry, Vol. II. p. 95 of the Appendisc. 
I suspect much its accuracy. George Master, of Angus, who fell;himself at Floudoun, 
could not have been $uch an aged man, as, that his youngest daughter of six (so says 
Dougicff) could have been married at such an early period to this Baron of Auch- 
names, that the, sons of his second wife could be of age, jDr even have been bom, in 
i4S0, (three qf them by 14SS,) 33 years before 1512. Instead, therefore, of Robert, tie 
father^ having been the son-in-law of George Master, of Angus, it must have been 
Robert, tht son^ that married the Lady Margaret, or as others say, the Lady Isobel 
Douglas. Robert, the father, too, in all probability, was dead long before 1518. He 
must have been an. aged and a frail man in 1484, when he resigned all Us lands to his 
-son, Jamesj who we see also was getting Charters inJm own mwepi other laads in 1 48& 


iKlLBRtDE.] OF Cunningame, J37 

VIL William Cbaupurd of Atichnames, who about the year 
' 1600 married Margaret, daughter of Sir Patrick Houston of that 
Ilk, by whom he had a son, 

VIIL Patrick Craufurd of Audmames, who, about 1626 
married his cousin, Jane Craufurd, heiress of Corsbie, she thein 
being 28 years of age and he 18; by which the ancient estates 
of Auchnames and Corsbie were re-united. They had a numer- 
ous issue, of whom one of the daughters was married to Frazer 
of Knock. 

IX. William, the- eldest ^on, succeeded his father, and was 
infeft in 1649 in the ^12 land of Auchnames. He married An- 
na, the daughter^f Col. Sir ■ Lamont of Ineryne, in Argyle- 
shire, by whom he had- a son and four daughters, married respec- 
tively to Houstoun of Houstoun ; Hunter of Hunterston ; Ken- 
nedy of Kiliichangie ; and Boyd of Trochridge. He was succeed- 
* ed by 

X. ARcmBALD Craufurd, his only son ; the twelfth Baron or 
Laird' of Auchnames, of whom the genealogy has been ascertain- 
ed. His Retour is dated 20th April 1676. He married 1st 
Margaret, second daughter of Porterfield of Duchal, or of that 
Ilk, by whom he had a son, of whom afterwards ; and three daugh-* 
•ters, the eldest and the youngest of whom, though married, 
died without issue — the second daughter, Jane, married, as be- 
ibre stated, Pati'ick Ctaufurd pf Drumsoy. He married 2dly a 
Lady connected -with the Shaw Stewart family of Greenock, but 
of this marriage there was no issue. Plis only son, 

XL William,' married Helen, daughter of Sir Thomas Burnet 
of Crimond, Physician to King William, and brother to Bishop 
Burnet, by whom he had ojaJy one daughter, Helen, who married 
Patrick Edtnonston of Newton : (and had issue, Colonel James 
Edmonston ; — a daughter mrirried to Kennedy of Dunure j ano- 
ther married to Buchanan of A^'^P^^ioi' i ^nd several sons and 
daughters, who died uniriarri^.) He died in 1695 before his 

. . •. • Mi;a . 


» t 


father ; and as the direct male line of this iitmily ended, an ar- 
rangement was made^ by which the estates^ of Aucbnames and • 
Corsbie were retained to Jane, the second daughter of his father, 
Archibald,. and to her husband, Patrick, the male representative 
of the families of Graufurd, descended of Sir Gregan. Craufurd, 
and derired (there is reason to believe) from the same original . 
stock : and which Patrick, in a^judiciai proceeding, was decerned 
and ordained heir male to Archibald and William ; so that the 
representation of Craufurd of Dalmagregan, as well as of Auch- 
naroes, centres now in the issue of that marriage, as already de- 

Arms.— Quarterlj^, Jst and AthJrgent ; a Stag's head, Gules y; 
for Kerse andDrumsoy :r—2dj Argenty two spears — ^in Saltier be- 
twixt four spots o£ Ermine^ for Aiichnames :r— and .Sd Gulesy a . 
fesse, jErmine-— supporter^,, two Bulljf j Sable^ armed. :and enguel- 
led. Or.— Crest of JCerse, a Stag's head erazed, Crt//6», with across- 
croslet fitchee between, the attires; motto, Tutum te Rdbore 
Reddam ; — ^and jof Auchnames, a Phcenix rising from theilames; ■ 
motto, God-Shaw the Right . 

Newton-Muib, .& Blackshaw ; (Mr. Alexander of BiDydston.) ; 
These lands, situated to the southward of those of Consbie, extend 
to about 240 acres ; partly arable, partly hill pasture^ and some 
thriving plantation. 

Lawhill; (William Brown, Esq. of Parkend.) Thisproper — 
ty extending to more than 200 acres, nearly all arable, with some = 
plantation. V approaches on the east near to the village of Kilbride. 
The hill itself, one of the prettiest natural objects to be met with, , 
rises in a conical, form^ perhaps 600 f6et above the level of the ^ 
sea, and overlooks the whole country. . > 

Newton ; (Mr. Francis RusseL) This is situated southwards 
firom the last, mid extends to nearly 100 acres of arable land ; - 
deep and fertile, but lies under the disadvantage of bad access, « 
through bad roads. There is a belt of .planting along one of its-- 
sides. It; was purchased in 1797 £rom Mr, Tod in Irvine. 

KTLBRTDE.] of CunnlngS'ame; 139^ 

Spiukgsidiu — This is situated north from the LawhiU, and 
within a quarter, of a mile of the village ; extends to perhaps 
200 ^cres^ including a few acres of thriving plantation. From 
the house, hid almost amid its own woods, there is a remarka- 
ble fine view of the Frith of Clyde, and' isle of Meikle Cumbra 
with its pleasant town of Millport, hardly to be surpassed. This 
property was acquired^in 1790, from Mr. James Fairie in Irvine, 
by the late Mr. Robert Hyndtnan, of the Hyndmans of Lunder- 
ston in Renfrewshire, a family of pretty long standing and very 
respectably connected. He married Jean, daughter of Thomas 
Boyd of Orchard, and dying at an early period, left a son, John 
Blair Hyndman, W. S, of Spjringside andBurrowland, now repre- 
sentative of the Lunderston family ; and two daughters ; 1. Elis- 
abeth and 2. Marianne ; which last, died in the bloom of life, . 
29th Dec. 1819;-: 

OucuAKD.' — This pleasant small property, with its house and 
garden is situated betwixt the lands of Springside and the village. 
It extends to about 50 acres. . On a corner of it stands the ancient 
ILatD Cotoer, (to be taken noticeof in an after section,) and from 
which probably this place takes its name, as having* actually been 
the Garden or Orchard of that great mansion, when inhabited by 
its ancient Lords,. the Boyds of Kilmarnock. It belongs to the 
Misses Boyd, daughters of this' late Thomas Boyd of Orchisurd, 
son of Robert Boyd of Dykehead, who acquired' it in 1759 from 
the Misses Baillie, whose predecessor, William Baillie, acquired' 
the whole barony of Kilbride, from Majoi^ Buntein;. in 1710, and 
who had purchased it in 1670 from the Kilmarnock family, who 
acquired it by a gift from Robert Bruce, [inter] 1308 et 1316,) 
on the forfeiture of Sir Godfrey de Ross, for his adherence tothe-^ 
. party of John BallioL 

Kirkton-Hall ; (Francis Caldwell Ritchie, Esq.) The man- 
sion which gives name to this property, is situated in the townee 
of Kilbride. The lands extend southwards from it, and westto^- 


wards, the sea. They amount to more than 1 30 acres of arable 
lands, besides 4 or 5 of plantation. It was purchased in 1789 
from the representatives of the late Professor Robert Simson, the 
Ilestorer of Euclid, who inherited this place from his ancestors, 
>i'ho first acquired it about the year 1640.* 

Smaj.l Possessions in the vicinity of the village. — ^These 
belong to sundry proprietors : as Alexander Ritchie, Wm. King, 
John Brown, James Bartlemore, &a The Nether-Mill, which 
belongs to flie last, extends to 24 acres or more, and is equal in 
extent perhaps j to all the other put together, including even the 
little gardens of the villagers. The whole is highly productive 
land, as may be conceived from the situation so near the town, 
and having been in cultivation time immemorial. 


t.^xxm.vt^^-t'i »»%%»» %»%%%^%»»»^^<^^^^^*^^^**^^^ ^ *^*^^^**^*^^^^» » ^*^^ * *»*****^»*^<^ %*•%*%♦»%%. 

* In this retreat he spent the first years of his life, a period he often recollected 
iwith pleasure. He was bom here in the year 1(587, and was a younger son of the fa- 
mily. He was educated in the College of Glasgow, and when about the age of 25, 
he was elected to the Mathematical Chair in that University. He went, soon after 
ihis appointment, to London, and there formed ap acquaintance -with some of the most 
eminent literary characters of the time, particularly with the celebrated Dr. Edmund 
Halley, to whom, he said, it was in a great measure owing that he «o 'early directed his 
efforts to the restoration of. the ancient, geometers. Returning to his academical chair. 
Dr. Simson discharged the duties of a Professor for more than 50 years, with great ho- 
nour to the University and himself. ' Hebadthe respect, and still more, the affection 
of his scholars. He published the Elements of Euclid in 1758. In these, and in his 
Conic Sections, and other Mathematical works, he has left a monument of great genius 
and intellectual ability. 

Dr. Simson was of an advantageous stature, with a fine countenance ; and even in 
his old age, had a graceful carriage and manner, and always, except when in mourning, 
dressed in .white. He enjoyed a long course of uninterrupted health ; but towards.the 
close of life, suffered from an acute disease, and was obliged to employ an assistant 
in his professional labours, for a few years preceding his death, which happened in 
4768, at the age of Rl. He left to the University his valuable library, which is now 
arranged apart from the rest of the books, and the public use of it is limited by parti- 
cular rules. It is considered as the most choice collection of Mathematical Books and 
Manuscripts in the Kingdom, and many of them are rendered doubly valuable by Dr. 

Simson's notes. 

Dr. James Moore, Professor of Greek in the University of Glasgow, put the fol- 
lowing apposite inscription below a portrait of Dr. Simson. 




OP Cunningt)ame. 


Tarbet or Tarbart. — Southward about half a mile ftom Kil- 
bride, the barony of Tarbet commences, and stretches from thence 
still farther south a mile or more in length along the shore, ahd 
inland at a various breadth. With the exception of a pretty 
high hill, partly green pasture and partly naked rock, the whole 
is either fertile lands well cultivated, or sound moor pasture. The 
extent in all is about 500 acres. This property in ancient times 
belonged to a branch of a family of Ross that were once very po- 
tent in Cunninghame, possessing among them not only these 
lands, Portincross and Kilbride in this parish ; but Stewarton, 
Cunninghamhead, Mountgrenan, Armsheugh, and others. Most 
of them were forfeited in consequence of taking part with their 
neighbour, Balliol, against the Bruce^ — ^but Ross of Tarbet preserv- 
ed his land till the year 1450, (see Renfrewshire Hidt. Appen- 
dix, pagei 515,) when he alienated it to the family of Ross of 
Hawkhead* It belongs now to Lady Mary Montgomery Burgess, 
as also the lands of Hapland on the eastward, extending to about 
160 acres arable and moorlands. 

KiRKLAND. — -Eastward and adjacent lb Tarbet, the lands of 
Kirkland are situated ; tliey consist of 140 acres, of which 115 
^cres are arable. They belong to Robert Hunter, Esq. (a cadet 
of the family of Hunterston,) whose ancestor purchased them 
nearly 150 years ago, from Craufurd of Craufurdland. This 
Gentleman has also a portion of the lands of Drummelling, about 
*32 acres, situated close to the village on the north side, and his 
.mansion iis set down there, near the town. 

Iponter of ftitWanlu 

I. Robert Hunter, second son of Robert Hunter of Hun- 
terston, was the founder of this family, (see p. 123). In 1675 he 
married Margaret, daughter of John Hamilton of Grtoge. He 
bought the lands of Kirkland in 1686, from Craufurd of Craufurd- 
land. He was succeeded by his eldest son, 

XL Robert^ who purchased that portion of Drummelling 

N n 


which still remains in the family. He married Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Bailie George Monro of Irvine, by whom he had a son,; 
and two daughters j !• Margaret, married William CunniHghame, , 
son of Cumiinghame of Monktonhill ; 2. Elisabeth^ who married ; 
John Boyd of Carlung.^ He was succeeded by his son, 

HI. George, who married 1st Dorothea,, daughter of John ; 
Boyd of Carlung, (who was son to Boyd of Pitcon, descended, 
from Thomas, brother of the third Lord Boyd,) by whom he had: 
several children, who all died young, except his son who suc- 
ceeded him ; 2dly,..he married JVIary, daughter of Cunninghamer 
of Monktonhill, by whom he had -several cliildren, none of whom . 
now survives but one daugliter, Dorothea; . His son, 

IV. Robert Hunter, now of Kirkland,, succeeded him. In . 
1791 he married his cousin, Jane Boyd Cunninghame, eldest, 
daughter of John Boyd; of Carlung, by wliom he has two sons and 
two daughters living: I.George; 2..Robert; 3., Jane; 4. Marion* 

BoYDSTON. — This is the last property remaining to be taken 
notice of in the parish. It is the most southerly of any, and hasr 
on that account been annexed quoad sacra to the parish of Ar* 
drossan, as. being supposed to be nearer to the church there, than^ 
to its own parish church , of Kilbride. This estate consists of 
about 200 acres all of excellent quality, whether situated on a flat 
of sandy soil by the coast side, or rising into steeper and heavier . 
lands above the sea bank. There is on the upper part of it, a. 
v^ery good and cx>mmodious farmstead, where Mr. Alexander, the . 
proprietor, himself dwelt, till within these few years, that he re- 
moved with his family to Carlung, and has now let this capital . > 

farm to a tenant. 

KILBRIDE.] OF ciinningiiamtk 



Valued Rent.- 




Ladf Montgomery, - - - 


*fi /. d.- 


. ' 









: John Craulurd, Esq. 







\ of Auchnames, 


333 6 8 





Robert CaldweU Hunter, Esq. 


S96 10 





■ A.AiexanderEsq.jei30 


Carlung and Braid, 

of 266 10 


•451 It 3 

fiUckshaw ^lut Newton-Muir, 


Bordston, - 55 4 
' Robt. Hunter, Esq. 77 13 






Drummelling, part 

of enclosure 

of - 32 


' 111 IS 1 

and residence, - 

Kirkland, t 


Kirkton-Hall, - 



J rancis Caldwell Ritchie, Esq. 


Lawhill, &c. - 


- - 

William Brown, Esq. 


DrummelliDg, part < 




Mr. J«me« Mujr, . 



"Woodside, &c. 




Mr. James Millar, 


63 6 8 



. . 


Mr. Francis Russel, ' 


56 8 





John Blair Hjmdman, Esq. W. S. 

54 0- 





Misses Boyd, - 







Heirsofthelat^Mr. Sfle, 







Lieut. John PuUarton, TlsuRect. 






Mr. Robert Lusk, - 



NelhermiU, - 


• ■ 


Mr. James Bartlemore, 

■ Alex. Ritchie, - - 5 10 


IS 9' 

Three sn»l] properties in 


,' William King) - - 2 



. John Brown, - . 1 10 Oj 
Total j£ 

'SS46 • 

]^rttncro:Qfi8[ Cfl0tle. 

See next page. 


There are the remains of several ancient barons' castles in 
this parish, some of which have already been mentioned ; the 
most ancient, however, of them all, is probably that of Pobtin- 
cuoss, situated at the point of land of that name, on a bare rock 
almost close to the sea even at low water, but completely within 
its reach at high water, or in -stormy weather, when the waves 
dash furiously against its walls. It haS a dismal aspect, with a 
very scanty svipply of light, from a few narrow slits or windows 
in ils e:^ceeding thick walls ; yet it seems to have been an occa^ 


sional seat of royalty, at least in the time of Robert IL, as no 
fewer than seven Charters granted by him are on record during 
the first nine years of his reign, (from 1371 to 1S80,) dated aptid 
Amele. This must have been at Portincross, as being the ma» 
nor place of that barony, though not the usual place of his resi- 
dence, but merely at times^ when he might be there on a visit to 
' his relatives the Boyds j his own general place of residence being 
Duttdonald, at no great distance. That it is fully as ancient in 
its construction as those times, may be inferred from the cii^um- 
stance, that though theire are several slits in the walls for the 
flight of arrows, there are no apertures th^t can be construed in- 
to gun-ports for fire-arms : though these were invented before 
this periods and would assuredly have been introduced into all 
places of defence erected afterwards. Lately its antiquity has 
been broken in upon^ by modem windows having been struck 
out to give adequate light' to some store-rooms that have been 
fitted up in it. 

Law Towbe op Kilbride. — ^This statdy fabric, though it is 
now roofless, seems more entire in other respects than most of 
those high square-formed edifices than are to be seen in many 
other places in this part of the country ; — ^neither has it been so 
dismally deficient in light : in one of its sides there are eight 
windows, and considering the size of the apartments, many mo- 

KtLBntDE.] OP Cunningftflmc. 145 

dern dwellings are not so well accommodated. It ie evident- 
ly of a more modern date than Portincross. It is even fur- 
nished with gun-ports 4 or 5 in the lower story, which decidedly 
shews that it was built after the introduction of CMinon. In point 
of situation too, nothing could have been better chosen, even to 
the taste of modern times — a* it enjoys the finest prospects, on 
three sides at least, that the Iiighly picturesque scenery of this 
^art of the country exhibits. This conjoined with tradition that 
-it was built by the family of Kilmarnock, makes it not improba- 
ble that it was erected when thataspiring House was in itsgreat- 

■ est splendour, about the the year 1468, when Thomas, the Mas- 
•ter of Boyd, married the Princess Mary, sister to James III., and 
was then created Earl of Arran. It is so for certain, that there 
is a Charter on record, dated the 14th Oct. 1482, of the lands of 

■ Kilbride, Dairy, Nodesdale, Kilmarnock, &c. to that Princess, in 
liferent, and her son, James Lord Boyd, in fee. On none of 
which places was there a Iiouse equal in magnificence to this, oF 
in which a Lady of her rank could liave resided. 

lEtto Cetoetr, 

40 feet long" — 30 feet broad — 40 feet high to the cornice, exclu- 
sive of the bastions, which are 6 feet more — Walls 6 feet thick. 
—28 windows — Inside area 28 feet by 18, divided into 4 stories-*- 
■from all which an idea may be formed, of the accommodation. 



ilOSSAN parish is situated next to Kilbride on • 
south. It hfts a sea coast of about "three miles 
jngth, in a course bending from n. w. to s. e. end- 
at the town of Saltcoats, half of which is situat- 
_ __ within it ; and where also is the parish church. 
Its greatest length, is from s. w. to n. E-being about five miles ; 
whilst in a direction across to tliis, it is about three miles broad. 
Altogether it comprehends about 11 square miles, or, more pre- 
cisely, 5520 acres. 

0enetal 0jipeat:ance.^-There are some hilly lands in its nor- 
tliem quarter, bounding with Kilbride, These are separated by 
adeep, narrow valley. - Those on tlie south side of it, arc of va- 
rious elevations, less or more, to about 400 feet above the sea- 
level, and are arable to the top, and all in cultivation. Those on 
the north. ■ side are cultivated only in part : one in particular. 
Knock-jargon, is 707 feet high, atfd from the remains of a circu- 
lar rampart, or ditch, around its top, seems evidently to have 
been an exploratory station.! As these hills do not extend quite 
across the parish, the araUe lands are connected in one continu- 
ous expanse through the whole : the surface of these rises with 
a considerable awent from the coast side on tlie south, to the 
middle ; and from thence declines, in nearly as great a degree 
to the north, towards the parish of Dairy. The climate in gene- 
ral temperate, for though this parish is much exposed to the 
winds from the west and the south, yet these arc commonly mo- 
derate in force, and always mild in their influence. The great u 

.] OF CunntnsDatne. W7 

i«sort of valetudinary people here in the season of balbiog is an 
evidence of the general opinion of its salubrity. 

^intttdg^ — Coal is found throughout nearly the whole parish, 
and is wrought to a considerable extent The best is supposed 
to lie in the quarter next to Dairy ; and it is found at a moder- 
ate depth of from 8 fathoms to 20, with many workable seams 
still lower; so that the quantity seem^ to be inexhaustable. Lime- 
stone abounds also, and frequently in:strataabovethe coal. Free- 
stone too, both red and white is very abundant. In a stratum 
of this last, in the town of Ardrossan, petrifactions of wood are 
to be met with y apparently fir-^ — in some eases with the bark en* 
tire. There, also^ various kinds of hard (or basaltic) whinstone 
are found ; likewise some very small layers of coal» and of iron- 
stone, and of limestone, all in contact with 'each other, almost in- 
termixed, in every direction^ and so twisted in the strata in many 
a varied form, as would puzzle the most profound geologist to ' 
account for. Even balls of pyrites as large as musket bullets, 
are found in the same company, or may be picked out of the de- 
tached large blocks, in the vicinity, scattered within sea-mark a- 
long the shore. It may be remarked further, that the red sand- 
stone is the most prevalent on all the coast here, within a short 
distance inland, and that neither among it nor beyond it, west- 
ward, has any workable coal been found. 

®)OiL — Along the coast side, the soH is sandy, or sand and 
gravel intermixed, rendered fertile from long continued bultiva- 
tion and copious application of sea ware. In the more inland 
qnatfters of the parish, the soil has generally a great tendency to 
cky, and. requires mtich attention to <ic?rf it in the labour — but.- 
still of a fertile nature,, when well managed. 

jSloaHtf. — The great post^road along the coast from Itvine to 
Largs, &c passes about three mileis through this parish and is- 
very well kept,r A road from Saltcoats to Dairy, passes about . 
fciux miles in a. direction across to this, and is weU kept too, but 


is so far incommodious, that it is in some places up and down 
hill, and pretty steep in some parts. There is another road laid 
out to Dairy, more to the westward, through the narrow pass, a- 
laong the hills, of which about four miles are finished, nearly all 
on Lord Eglinton's lands, to which the late Earl contributed 
4-5ths of the expence. It has already joined the road from Kil- 
l)ride to Dairy, but not being completed through the latter pa- 
rish, the public have not yet received the full benefit from it, 
til at was contemplated. 

Crop0 CultitJateD^ — Whjeat, to a considerable extent near the 
^ea coast, as also, occasionally, some Rye. — Barley, very little. 
Oats, fully equal to half of all the lands in tillage. — Beans, not 
many. — Potatoes, very generally — every body has them that has 
land, and no where better. — ^Turnip, only coming in ; seems to 
belittle cared for. — Lint, very limited. — Sown Grasses, in Hay, 
much — in Pasture, a great deal.— Meadows, some very good in 
the glen by the new road towards Dairy j very little any where 
«lse. — Fallow, none. — Plantations. These are not very ex- 
tensive, but some old clumps planted on the brows of several ris- 
ing grounds, shew well at a distance, and afford a little shelter at 
hand. The late Lord Eglinton planted a considerable extent 
Clearer to the sea side, and they have a prosperous appearance. 

There is a Nursery also for thorns and forest timber, near to 
Ardrossan, that is doing well. 



Cultivated grass land and meadow,.-.--^ 3151 I Total 
v^aroens anci uxanuavions , **^^***^*^.****!***!^— t.Ki n i».»>wi»*»»« / o. i %^^jS\f 
Hill pasture, moss, &c. > „■. 1084 J 

iLibe ^tOC&f — Nothing uncommon in the usual stock of the 
country — ^but there is, (or lately was,) a singular species of cattle 
remarkably different from the ordinary breed of the country, 
to be seen in Lord Eglinton's park at Ardrossan. They are al- 


ARDROSfSAN.] of CumiUtQlttni^. 149 

together wild, the Isreed sever having been withddD a house or un- 
der the hands of man. They are pure 'white, with the exception 
of the mu2zle4uid the mside of the ears, which are black. The^ 
have no horns. In this respect they differ from the singular breed 
of wild cattle belonging to Lord Tankerville at Chillingham in 
Northumberland^ whidi have homs^ whilst the muzzle and. inside 
of their ears are red. Though very shy, they are not so re- 
markably fierce as Lord Tankerville^s — ^which may be perhaps^ 
owing to the circumstance, that they graze in open pasture un- 
skreened by wood^^-^with public roads on all sides— ^and accus- 
tomedy continuallyy to people passing. There.are also other cattle 
grazing along with them, betwixt and which^ thou^ 
association, there is no hostility ; so that they are in some degree 
reclaimed from the savage state. Whe number is limited, not 
being allowed to increase beyond about a dozen : they are thiii«- 
ned by . Shooting, i which requires some pfecaution to accomplish. 
The fQll^-grown weigh about SOstones (avoirdupois) the 4 quarters* 
The meat is not reckoned so good' as welUfedbee^— they never^ 
indeed^ are so fkL They, are distinguished by -the name of 

rHorses of every description, 151 

JLwes©roctu< sheep ditto,. , 254 

L Swine, feeding,.** ,«.«»..«..^»« • 39 

Catkal«^-^Should the Glasgow and Ardrosaan Cattal be browgjbt 
£>rWard, it will go about a mile through this: parish. The whole 
locks, downward to the sea, will be in it These are estimated at 
13 in number, of 8 feet each ; the whole- &11 beiog 104 feet 

J^artWUr of Hi:dtQ]Kjenn. i [See p. 24^]— -The works here are 
suspended for some time, so far, as, that nothipg newiis uader* 
takein, but only a kind of finish put on what was in bands. When 
completed it will be considered as, one of the noblest works ever 
undertaken by any individual, in any. country^ or. in. any ^ge. 


Town of ARDBOssANt~-This town is laid down on an elegant - 
plan, and, so far as it is finished,. has a handsome appearance* * 
The Inn or Hotel is, unquestionably, the most superb of any, out ^ 
of a great town, in Scotland, and in none is better accommoda- ^ 
tion afforded/ It has 10 public rooms, and 18 bed-rooms ; the suit > 
of offices, in a stile conformable to it, is ample and commodious, . 
with 28 stalls for horses,. and 7 stances fcr carriages. The whole,- 
including its elegant furniture, cost Lord Eglioton, at least, 4 
^10,000. The Baths,, (a, separate concern,) are constructed oiv 
the best plan, and fitted up in the most correct stile; the basins: 
are of marble, and are supplied with water of any required degree 
of temperature ; the house itself is an ornament to the plac^.: 
TheLodging-HQU8es,belonging to LordEglinton and two or three 
subscribers, in sliaces, are most, elegantly furnished, and let out 
by the week, the month, or the season, which extends from the 
middle of May to the end of* October. Besidea these; there are 
many good lodgings, let on moderate terms,*, belonging to the 
different inhabitants of the town. There are also- Bathing-Mar- 
chines, which ply on each side of the town, on those fine smooth 
sands, which form so pleasant an accompaniment to sea-bathings 
Every thing, in fact, conspires to make this one of the finest ba- 
thing quarters on the coast.. 

Villas. — Distinct from the town, but in- its vicinity, there is 
a tract of ground laid off, on which to erect a range of villas, . 
where ^ach are to be set ddwn amid its own pleasure grounds 
and gardens j -uniform only in line, but varied in stile, according 
to the taste of the respective proprietors. One can hardly con- 
ceive a more beautiful [situation, (the sea in immediate firont, 
of a crescent more than half a mile in base,) nor a more im- 
posing spectacle, than it will exhibit when filled up. At present 
there are only three erected : one by the late Lord Eglinton him^ 
selft and now belonging to Lady Jean Montgomery ; one by 
Mathew Brown, Esq. in. Paisley; and. one by James Hamilt^raii r. 
Esq, of Holmehead^ and wher^ be generally resides.. or Cunningfjame. ie%^ 

The town itself comprehends about 400 inhabitants, among: 
whom are 50 Weavers, 8 Shoemakers, 3 Taylors, 4 Grocers, 7 
Masons, 1 Baker, 1 Fisher, and 1 Flesher j — ^besides those ma- 
sons and others still employed about the harbour. There is here 
a Friendly Society of 28 members ; and two private schools in 
which about 120 children are taught — many of these are from 
the country. * 

Saltcoats.' — Respecting the origin of this town, the follow- 
ing transcript, from the Statistical Account of the Parish of Ste- 
venston in 1793, is very distinct and well authenticated : ^^ There 
were leases of houses and gardens granted to a few families, as 
long ago as the year 1565. But it is certain, from unquestionable 
traditionary testimony, (that of parents to their children now liv- 
ing,) that a century after that time, or about 130 years ago, there 
were only ^wr houses in Saltcoats, which now consists of about 
400. Yet, at a much remoter period, salt was made there, which 
appears not only from tradition, but from the remains of consi-- 
derable heaps of ashes, south and north of the present town. It/ 
was then made by poor people in their little pans or kettles*. 
They digged up the coal near the surface of the ground at a very* 
small expe'nce, and lived in huts on -the shore. Hence, probably, r 
the names JSalteotes or Cottages/' 

Saltcoats,, (to use the modern orthography,) has increased.^ 
greatly since the preceding account was written. The numbei^of 
lK>uses is probably more now than 600. : It is- ascertained that, 
the number of people in itat present-(in 1819) is-3413, of whom. 
1950 are in the parish of Ardrossan, and. 1463 in that of Ste- 
venston. > In extent, it seems to -he» even larger than that popu-- 
lation would indicate; owing, jn some degree, to the great ex-.- 
tent of garden ground included within its precincts. In this re- 
spect, it is peculiarly happy, as almost every house has its gar- 
den, and all remarkably productive. The form of the town also is. 
apt to. give an enlarged idea of its magnitude. One street is little : 



less tfeiw ttoe^ qtfartfers 6f a mile on a stretch, from the Windmill 
oh tllb west, to <^ farther end of Canal Street, on the east ; 
whilst from the Hatbour on the south, to the upper end of Raise 
Street on th^ north, is nothing short of that distance. In this 
last street tli^ hoUs^ are laid off on a regular plan, and are among 
the most hahdsdmfe ih the town, except, perhaps, those in Ha- 
milton Street, more recently erected, which are inferior to few in 
the coiitity, on the sttttie sfcile, either in outward symmetry or in- 
tei'nal accommodlation. Canal Stteet, and a few houses at the 
hrt^bbur arid iS^iltpttttS, belong to, or hold of, the estate of Sea- 
bank; all the rest 6f the toWn is the direct property of Lord Eg- 
linton, either oh long leasie of 99 years, or:for very short periods. 
Of the popuMioh, »,000 at least are his Lordship's tenants. This 
toWh ' ?s ^i'eatly resorted to for sea4>athii)ig. The s^lt water here 
is untbrtihidnly pjii^? 4^0 fresh #ater stream of any note being 
neai-er to it tlftn Ifvihfe, firte miles distant by the shore. 

{|pftnUfttetUt^.~The weaving of muslins and other fine fa^ 
brics fo'r the GlAdgb^w or Paisley manu^turers is by much the! 
most prevalent of any occupation in the town. The making of 
'Salt, to which the town owes its origin, is still continued, and 
to an- extent greater than ever. There are two set of pans ; one 
belonging to l\fr. Cuninghame of Seabank, which has been in 
constant emplo3rment for more than 120 years, having been first 
erected on , Hn augmented scale and more scientific arrangement 
by that enterprising Robert Cuninghame of Auchenharvie, who 
' suteeeded to the property in 1678, and has been continued, and 
still further enlarged, by his successors, to the present time. Tlie 
other set of pans belongs to Lord Eglinton — ^which aft«r having 
been disused for a considerable time, was renewed about five 
years ago, and is in full operation since. The great abundance 
^of small, or refuse coal, that can at all times be had from the 
coaleries in the vicinity, operates as a great inducement to ma- 
rOufacture salt, as the fewel required in the evaporation of the sea 

JiUDRoissAN,] OP Cunningljame. 153 

^at€*, is obtained on yeiy moderate terms. The silt pans also 
afifbrd a use for this refiise coal which otherwise could hardly be' 
disposed of at alL 

The quantity of salt manufactured in the course of the last 
year, was 6125^ bolls, and gave employment to about 20 people j 
^ years ago it was 3262^ 

^Ibtp'tUilDing was^till lately a regular business here, and at 
the time the Statistical Account was published in 1793, there 
were three building-yards which, from 1775 till 1790, had built 
64 vessels from 20 tons to upwards, of 220 — in all 7096 tons, 
beiing at an average above 110 tons each* Unhappily that inge- 
"nious branch of mechanics lias now dwindled down to merely 
the rqiainng" of vessels, and .20 hands now do all that is required, 
where 60 were formerly employed. 

Eopemaiting^ — ^That branch, so intimately connected with 

ship-buUding, has f3s6 suffered in its decline. Where 25 hands 

were then employed, 12 now a^e all that are required. 

TSttiOttJ)* — About 40 years ago a Brewery was established 
here, and continues still successful — -supplying the coimtry, in 

part, for several miles round, betwixt Irvine and Lar^s inclusive, 

with small beer. A Distillery was begun about the year 1788, 

but soon after was given up. 

jrfolbBtp. — ^There are two boats permanently employed at the 
white fishery, and from 15 to 20 employed in the season at the 
herring-fishery. In this last, the boats are getterally manned by' 
weavers or othet tradesmen, assisted by a few seamen who may 
happen at the time to be disengaged. 

CfjemicM (DtHtrtR.^ — This ingenious manufacture was set up 
in 1802, by Mr. William Burns. The articles composed are 
chiefly Magnesia and Epsom Salts — ^firom the bittern or pao-oil 
left in the salt pahs after evaporation. They were the first Works 
in which Epsom Salts were made from sudi materials. The prin- 
cipal markets are London, Dublin and Gldsgow j fi-bnl whence 


154 PARTICULAE DE8CBIPTIO)7 ; • [JParHlh ^/ 

they are distributed in the country,- or exported by the wholesale . 
druggists. There are usually from eig}it to ten ham^ employed.^ . 

C8ntl)0(ftt — This has been established for a considerable time. . 
Though not on a great scale, it gives steady employment to three 
men besides the master*. 

Commerce anD &f)tpping. — ^Though this is stated in the ge- • 
neral remarks, (see p. 2S.) an abridgement o£what regards Salt- - 
coats in these points, shall be here stated, ^s in 1818. 

Number of VesselS} - - - 35 
Tonnage, from 31 to 195, - 3324 

Number ofSeamen^ - « • 234 

Tons of coal e^^ported, - - ISvlOtS^ 

Do. Coastwise, - - 1241 , 

Quarters of grain imported, - 2047 * 


BbokseJfersi- - - - . 2' 

Fleshers, - - - .- - - lOf 

Shipcarpenters, - - - ' - 20 

Ropemaker$>. «> - «. - - 12 

Seamen, . » . . « 234 

Retail Merchants, - - ' «' 10 

Grocersj. - - - -- - SO^ 

Brewers, - - , - - - 3 

Saltrtiakerg, . - - * . - 20 

Fisher*,- ..... ^t 

Chemical Workers,, , - - - 10 

Tanners, - - . . . 4^ 

Weavers, -> - - - - 420 
Taylors, ..... 24 
Shoemakers, . . . « 37 
Wrights, - - - -.. ..31 
Masons,, - - » . •14 
Sfniths, - - . .^ - 18 
Coopers, - - ... » IS 

Bakers,, 11 

Coaliers, « - ... - 50 
Surgeons, - -. -. . -. 4 
Writers, - - - - -2 
Watchmakers, - - -. -. 2 

iKiAMttTA4-^A*% r Town of Salccoats, (in this parish) - 19501^ , 

J^"£Sl i Town of Ardros^.^; -^ I - M^.^^' 

Circulating Librabies— Three ;— of' which one of 190 vo- 
lumes is appropriated to the Sabbath Schools. 

Benefit Societies. — ^These highly praise-worthy institutions, . 
for the credit of this place, are very generally established. There ; 
are, 10 altogether. Of these, 7. are called Penny Societies, from 
the contributions being a penny^or in some of them a halfpenny,, 
in the week, from each of the members concerned. The num- 
ber of members is 510, and the average distribution to the dis- 
tressed among them, during the last 5 years, was -5^84 : 9:5; 
There is a Society, the oldest of allp being instituted 40 years: 

AaufR(fSSAN.] • OF Ctttmingliame: * K^ 

ago, foor the relief of poof people only. The number of eontri- 
butore is not stated ; their present stock, ^7, is said to have de- 
clined Another, called a Stock Society^ instituted in 1818, con- 
sists of 31 members ; each contributes one shilling quarterly, and 
give, or rather propose to give, Ss. weekly to any of their num- 
ber unable to work, but not bedfast, and 6s.- wedkly to those who 
ace confined to bed. The last Society to be mentioned is that 
of the ship-carpenters, instituted in 1 793, and consists at present 
of 26 members, and having a stock of £125. This Society gives 
2s. 6d« in the week to unwetU members who are able to walk about,- 
and 5s, weekly to those who are bedfast 

Savings Bank.-— Thi» institusion, which only the dissipated * 
or unprincipled can find fault with, was entered into here, at the 
suggestion of the Rev. Mr. Hendry, und^ the name of the 
Saltcoats and Stevenston Society, on the 1 0th March 1815. Hie 
balance on hand June 1st, 1816,.,^>..^.was.. ^^222 

Tin lftl*7 4^4. 4 R 

x/0. ' ioio 1^ .1 ,11 11 4o9 14 U 

The Paisley Bank, Irvine, allow* 5-per cent, per ann. on the 
sums depositedr Number of contributors^ 68 -males^ and 47 fe- 
males, in all 115. 

Education. — ^Though there is a parish school, — ^for reasons 
unexplained,, it seems there areno scliolars,- but in the private 
schools, taught by Mr. Keir, Mr. Thomson, Mr. Chalmers, Mr. - 
Smith, Mr. Gowie, and Mr. M^Glashie, and in that taught by^ 
Miss Macdonald j there- are altogeth er • 476 children. See Statis- 
tical Table. 

Miss Macdonald has the most numerous school of the whole, 
including 24: scholars whom she teaches gratis.^ She has, besides, 
a sewing school for young girls, in which 42 are taught the dit- 
&ent branches of plain-seam and coloured work* 

Su^coAY^ Schools. — There are 400 children, or youths, assem^ 

1S6 *PAKTICrULAlt mSCBtPTION [PutiA.hf. 

bled on Sabbath eveniugs to receive religious in structionrs* and to 
exhibit their attainments in religious knowledge. In this^ nnm-^ 
{)C£5 many of the scliolars as.abov^ are included Besides these 
there are about 100 assembled. at the same time in tfaeneiv towa 
of Ardrossan. The expeBce of Ijigbis and of small books for 
prizes is defrayed by collectiona^ mode twice in the year afc the 
parish churchy at sermons on two Sabiaath evenings for the pur-* 

State ar the Pooh.—- Tliere are 21 on the regular roll, who 
are paid once in two weeks about j£S l!8s. among them, amount* 
ing to about L.75 a yean Tllere Bue about 40 more that get an 
occasional relief from time to time tt> the extent among them of 
L25 yearly;; and in 181d there were in all L. 122 2& 8d. distri- 
buted. See Statistical Table. 

AjpimjetteOBr'—^inoe the Revolution. 


Ralph Roger, was minister in 1658*. 

John Bell^...... ...1688...,..,.......r....Demitted Oct. 24. 1688. 

Thomas Clerk, ...April 1691 ^Died Nov. 20. 1737. 

Robert Dow, Aug. 23. 1739 Died July 28. 1787. 

John Duncan,.... Aug. 27. 1789. Died January 31. 1819. 

T I TT J Tassist. and success. 

John Hendry, | June 5. I8l0. 

* This appears from a Retour dated that year — ^Mrs. Margaret Wryttoune, spouse 
of the Rev. Ralph Roger> minister of Ardrossan, as heir to her father in a tenement 
in Kilwinning. 



Church of Relief. — ^The meeting-house here was built in 
1 784, when the Rev. David Ewing was settled, and who conti- 
nues still the minister. It is a commodious place of worship, 
capable of holding easily 500 sitters. The stated congregation 
consists of 320 communicants ; of which about one half are from 
this parish, and the ren)ainder from the neighbouring parishes of 
Stevenston and Kilbride, in the proportion of three put of the 
first and one out of the latter. 

AjRDROSSAiv.^ op Cunnfttg^ame* i^, 

-BuBGHERS*— Their meeting-house here was built in 1792, and 
holds commodioiisly S56 sitters, at which it is now let ; but can 
. accommodate 700 without being much crowded. The number 
of oommonicants was last summer 336. Their first minister was 
the Rev, James Borland, a native of Kilmarnock, who was ordain- 
ed in Nov. 1792, but being x>f a delicate constitution he officiated 
only 15 or 16 Sabbaths, and died in the summer of 1793. Their 
next minister was-the Rev. Henry Frazer, (son of the late Rev. 
John Frazer, minister at Auchtermuchty,) who was ordained in 
Feb. 1796. In the course of the year, he succeeded to the estate 
of Lassodie in Fife : in consequence of which he assumed the 
name of Dewat, the name of the former proprietor, and resigned 
bia charge in November following. He -is now Dr. Henry Dewar, 
author of several medical and literary tracts, some 6f which have 
been published separately and others in the periodical works of 
-the day. The article " Grammar,*' in the Edinburgh Encyclo- 
:paedia, was -written by him. He was in Egypt wRh the British 

« • • • 

army under Sir Ralph Abercromby, and published a treatise on 
the Egyptian Opthalmia. The next in succession was the Rev. 
Robert Forrest, who was ordained in Feb. 1798, but resigned his 
charge in 1802^ and emigrated to the United States of America. 
'He was succeeded in the. ministerial charge here by the Rev. 
James Ellis, who was ordained on the 21st March 1804, and is 
oiow the minister of this congregation. 

Antiburghebs. — ^Their meeting-house was l)uik about the 
year 1800, and is calculated to hold 400 sitters. The present 
congregation amounts te about 150, ofwhom about 100 may be 
communicants— of these one half is made up from this parish, 
and nearly the whole of the other half from the parish of Ste- 
venston-~there being only 4 more that come fiom the parishes 
of Kilbride and Largs. Their first minister was the Rev. John 
GifFord, who resigned in 1811, when, soon after, the present mi- 
nister^ the Rev. David Ronald, was ordained. His congregation 

R r 

: I 


has biiilta small but handsome house in Hamilton Street, asr a^ 
manse for him, and his successors in office, to reside in for thet 
time to come. 

It is gratifying to observe the harmony that subsists betwixt* 
these three seceding ministers, and the minister of the establish*-** 
ed church, the Rev. John Hendry. They most cordially co-ope- 
rate together in every thing relating to the interests of religion* 
and public decorum in the town, even to having the celebrations 
G^ the Sacrament on the sj^e Sabbaths, and correspondent week*, 
days of worship at the same time.% 

<ZB$tate0 anH Mmilitv. 

, MoNPOOE.— This property is the most north-westerly in the • 
parish, being situated pn the coast side next to that of Kilbridea 
It extends to upwards of 300 acres, nearly all arable, and of good 
quality. It continued for .many ages in a family of the same name^ 
MoKFOBE of MoNPODE, . It passed from» them more than 120 
years ago, and their very, name seems tabe extinct*. Agnes do 
Monfode was, married to a Sir John Douglas^ in -the reign of 
David IL {inter 1327 e/ 1371.) This is the earliest notice that I 
have seen of them. In. 1417, Finlam de Monfode de eodefUy ap-j 
pears on an inquest at Irvine. The last time that any of them> 
is found in any record that I have seen, is in 1661, when John 
de Monfode of Monfode is named among the Conunissioners of 
Supply for the Shire of Ayr. The property belongs at present 
to Robert Carrick, Esq. Banker in Glasgow. 

Ardeossan, Barony. — This extensive property has belonged 
to the Eglinton family fbr. well nigh 500 years. It is supposed^ 
to have come to them by marriage with an heiress of its former 
Lords — the AfiDaossANs of Aebkossan ; or, as Crawflird, in one 
passage, calls them, the Babclays.. [See Renfrewshire^ old edi-^ 
tion, page 88.] The times in which they floiurished is a period ofi 
. uncommon obscurity in the history of this country. Previous to 
the reign of AlexjmdQr III^ the notices respecting any Scottish^ 

family at6 remarkably scanty : not only few irt number, but 
mteagre in circumstances. Of this family, in particular, the his- 
tory is very limited. The first of them, that has come under my • 
nx>tice, is Dom. Fergus Ardrossan de eodem^ who ijs incidentally 
mentioned in a cau$e betwixt' Dom. Godfrey de Rose, and the 
tdwn of Irvine, in 1260. In the reign of Robert Bruce, several 
of them are men tionedy more particularly a Sir Fergus de Ardros- 
san, who, in 1316, accompanied Edward Bruce on his expedi- 
tion to Ireland. The last of them mentioned in any record thal^ 
I have seen, is Godfrey de Ardrossan, who is witness to an unda- 
ted Charter in the reign of David II.' to the Abbot of Kilwinning, - 
to which also John Stewart of Periston is witness; and this must 
hlive been after4833, for James Stewart, the first of Periston was 
killed that year at tlie battle of Halid^wnhiU, of course, there 
could be no John Stewart of Periston till after that battle. Should 
this (Godfrey have beefl the last of the Ardrossans^ it may be in-* 
ferred that either his sister or his daughter carried this estate, by 
marriage, to^the Eglintons* of EgHntftn, from whence it came- 
soon after to the Montgomery family, by marriage of the heiress 
of Eglinton. The lands extend: to upwards of 3500 acres nearly 
all arable. It is separated into two divisions : Ardrossan proper 
in the south, arid Drutna^tle in the' nbrtli ^id of the parish<i~the 
lands of Caddel intervening betwrxt them. ^ 

Knock-Ewart. — ^This property , extending to nearly 400 acres,., 
is situated on the north side of the new road which leads fromt 
Ardrossan throwgli' the narrow valley artK>ng the hills- towards 
Dairy. About a third part of it is fertile land^ spread •but along*, 
the skirts ofa hill of considerable height~«-the remainder is sound 
Mil pasture, with a small proportion of marshy and mossy land i 
at the back of the hill, originally a loch, not yet fidly drained. ; 
Ifcbelbnj^s to Miss Mary Montgomery — was bought by .her father, . 
Mr. Robert Montgomery, shipmaster in Irvine, in 1787, front, 
tlie representatives iof the late Professor Simson, the Restorer of 


Euclid ; whose predecessor bad acquired it in 171^ from Mure 
of Caldwell^ in whose family it had previou&lj reuuuned £ov a 
Joi>g period. 

CADD£L«o^Thi8 property5 cou^isUHg of several farma^.is situa^ 
ted in the nofthern division of the parish ^ interposed betwixt 
the baronies of Ardrossan and X)rutnastle. altogether arable 
land^ although of an adhesive naturoi and not very kin4iy to 
work It belongs to Colonel Cutminghame of Th<»iitoii^ and 
may extend to perhaps 500 acres ot more. 

Little Lauout, beloliging to the heirs of Robert Gemmil, 
,and BANKENDt belonging to theheirs of Coloiaiel Morris, are situ- 
ated to the south and eastward of tbe lands last mentioned. 
They ai« of a soil similar to the above^ and may extend, the 
first to 50 or 60 acres, and the other to 80 acres or more. 

LocHwoon.— ^Xhis property extends southward from those 
last mentioned, and is of a qunHty not much different, and fully 
equal in extent to them both. It belongs to Major-Gren. Dun- 
iop of Dunlopi in whose family it has been fi>r perhaps 100 years. 

DiDDOP.<-^Adjacent to ti[ie iast* but still farther south, and in a 
lower situation, is situated this property belonging to Colonel 
Hamilton of Grange ; and being situi^ed conterminous to his 
otiber lands, has the bendSit of the general shelter arising from his 
plantations. It may extend to about 90 or 100 acres of good 
arable land. There are still three smaller properties that remain 
to be mentioned. 

Tower Lodge — Consisting of about 6 acres, belonging to 
James Mutr, is situated in the middle of the farm of Meikle 
Lancht, belonging to Colonel Cubninghame, about a quarter of a 
mile up from the high road from Saltcoats to Dairy. There is a 
small house on it, and the whole is well enclosed with a thriving 
thorn-fence. It seems to be a very pleasant spot. It hokb of 
the Knights Templars, or their representative. 

JSprikoyalj:, situated about half a mile north irom Saltcoatai^ 

ARDKOSSAN.] or Cunningftame. 


with a handsome small mansion and about 35 acres of good 
ground belongs to Mr. John Jack. 

KiBKHALL — Is situated about a mile north-east from Ardros- 
san, on the right banks of the Stanley-burn — extends to about 
SO acres of fertile land> with a small mansion. This property 
has been occupied by the present family exactly 100 years :— ^ 
first by Robert Weir, as a tenant, from 1719 till 1748, when he 
purchased it from the former proprietor, James Whyte. Robert 
was succeeded by his 48on, Hugh Weir, who died in 1800, and 
was succeeded by his son, Robert Weir, the present proprietor. 
It was purchased originally by Andrew Whyte, in 1697, from 
the Earl of Eglinton. 




Valued Rent. 

£ I. d. 

Ardrossan proper. 



- The Earl of Eglinton, 



1973 4 8 

Caddel) &c. 



• Colonel Cunninghame, 



240 16 8 




- Robert Carrick, Esq. 



213 3 6 




- Miss Montgomery, 



126 IS 4 




- Geti. Dunlop, 







- Colonel Hamilton, 







- Colonel Morris's heirs, 




Little Lauchti 



- Mr. Gemmil's heirs, 



SO 12 




- Mr. Robert Weir, - 





- Mr. John Jack*, 

Total d 

15 6 8 

;2840 16 10 


The most ancient edifice, perhaps, in all Cunninghame, of 
which there are any remains, is that of Akdrossan Castle, belong- 
ing to the Earl of Eglinton, which was of old, during a length of 
timeimascertainecl, the residence of his collateral 4incestors, the 
Ardrossans of Ardrossan, and continued to be an occasional resi- 
dence of the Earls of Eglinton, till the tinie of the democratic 
despot, Oliver Cromwell, who caused it to be demolished. The 
remains of it consist of only two small fragments, of which a 

S s 

169 PAltTICULAS OeSCBIPTION [Parith of' 

view is given. In these there are no gun-ports, but arrow-slita 
only, an evidence itself of considerable antiquity. It is situated 
on a small hill close by the town of Ardrossan. 

MoNFODE old ruins, are stilt prominent, and may stand for a 
long time. The situation will be seen on the map. There are - 
neither gun-ports, nor slits for arrows, in these, but what remains 
of them Is evidently but a small part 

Old Ki&ks of Ardbossav. — ^Nearto the old Castle, on the top 
of the hill, there is still a church-yard full of monumental stones 
—and in it the remains a^eto be distiaqtly seen of the foundati- 
OQ of the original parish-kirk, which was overthrown in a high 
storm of wind in 1694 or 1695.. A' new churth was erected low- 
er down, in a situation nxHre centrical to the parisii, near to the 
old manse, (part of which stiU remains) in the vicinity of Stain- 
ley-burn, in the neighbourhood of Kirkhall. In 1744 this new 
church was taken down, and rebuilt at Saltcoats. The remains 
of the church at Stainley are hardly now to be traced. There 
still is to he seen there the stone. over the grave of Thomas Clerk, . 
the last ministCT, who died at the old manse ; and the burid-place , 
of the Weirs of Kirkhali, adjacent to it, is retained in good pre:- - 


OF Cunning|)ame; 



ITEVENSTON Parish is situated next to that of Ar- 
drossan and eastward from it It is of a triangular 
figure. The side next the sea is about 4 jniles long ; 
that next the parishes of Irvine and Kilwinning^ a- 
bout 5 miles ; and the last side, being that next the 
parish of Ardrossan, is 2^ miles long. The whole extends to a- 
bout 6 square miles of surface^ of which nearly two parts in five 
are sand hills by the sea side.. The rest is all arable— in culti- 
vation or in wood. - 

(General Appearance. — The most prominent feature in thia 
parish, is that lofig ridge of sand hills along the sea shore, rising 
in some plsices from 60 to 100 feet above the sea mark^ and 
which is fit for very little but the feeding of rabbits, with which 
it is stocked. A low, swampy valley, called the Misk, inter- 
venes betwixt these hills and the more fertile arable l&nds, which 
occupy the rest of the parish, and which is in good cultivation, 
and very generally embellished with belts and clumps of wood 
around the seats of the proprietors. 

^tncraltf^— Coal is very prevalent, and has long been 
wrought to great extent — more especially in the Misk, where 
little good land is marred by the operations. — Limestone also 
i^ounds, and on the lands of Hillerhuirst, in particular, continues 
to be turned out in great plenty. On the lands of Ardeer there 
is one of the best White Freestone quarries in the country, and^ 



in which can be raised slabs and blocks of any required size. 
There are some now turned out 24 feet long and 28 inches square. 
This stone is in great request, both at home, and for exportation. 

@0iL — The hills by the sea side, of the purest blown sand, 
have evidently been accumulated by the winds, and seem to be 
shifting their form from time to time. They are even becoming 
perceptibly lower. How such hills should increase in one age 
and diminish in another, is a question into which I shall not en- 
ter : but the fact that they are considerably lower now than they 
were 30 or 40 years, or even 10 years ago, I am assured is incon- 
trovertible. The soil of the Misk, is of a marshy consistency^ 
composed of water-worn gravel, moss and blown sand, concocted 
into one mass. The tr^ct itself is a hollow space, as if it had 
once been the bed of some widely-spreading stream. The Gar^ 
nock, it is said, once took its course this way, and discharged itseilf 
into the sea near to the town of Stevenston. It would not be 
difficult to turn it that way still. Some very singular caves in 
the vicinity of Ardeer-House, close on this tract, and half a mile 
from the sea, have evidently been formed by the action of water, 
which seems to corroborate this traditionary account. The soil 
of the parish is, for the greater part, of a loamy nature, remarka- 
bly fertile, and applicable to every purpose of modern husbandry. 

CfOpiff CuUiiJateD. — The general system of cultivation, all 
Cunninghame over, differs in a;lmost no respect, one parish from 
another, except, merely, that in the vicinity of towns and popu- 
lous villages there are more potatoes raised, and the rotation of 
course runs, to that extent, more into tillage, and less into pas- 
turage. With this remark I shall conclude this section by ex- 
hibiting the ACRES. 

of tfte 

In Tillage, 4391 

Cultivated grass land> 1344 1 Total 

Gardens and plantations, 153 | 3182 

Sand hills, &c 1246J 

^TEVBJffSTON.] o» Cttttnlngfwme^ i65 

Lttte flt8Ciu--Th6 daity ki stiil th^ grfttid ttkfi^ t^thb hvi^ 
bandman. ^The whole Live Stock consists oi^-^ 

Horses of efery doteriptioiiv *• 114 

Cattle ditto, *... 422 

Sheep, (a few Spanish)^..«.»^ • ••••• 14^ 

Swine, 80 

Rabbits, (see page 43,) «botit«»«. 4800 

EoatljS(f — ^The great turnpike road 'from Irribe by Kilwiniiing 
to Largs, &c. passes three miles through thig parish, which .opens 
4ip a ready access to it all — still further extended by means of 
different parish roads branching off, all well kept 

^anufactUtCjB(« — ^A considerable number of weavers are em- 
ployed in the village of Stevenston in this weaving of muslins, 
&c for Paisley or Glasgow. The odier manufactures as well as 
troiie are included in the accoiiAt of Salteoatil« 86e Ardrossan. 

TowK OF STEVENSTON.-r^This populous village is situMed ^ 
430ut 2^ miles west from Kilwinning on the great toad, JtbOut h&lf 
a mile east from Saltcoats. It is nearly half a miTe Tong. 1?axt 
of it is very ancient It is mentioned in a dlAtt^r of th'e Locl- 
doun family as fw back as 1340, ^d again in 1 816. This pa^ 
of the town is situated on a sAieltiitg bank dn eadbi side of a very 
narrow, high-laid, slippery caus^way^ and ih held of the estate of 
Ardeer. The wester part of the town is on a level tract, not 
quite so narrow in -its road way, and is held of the efState of Sea- 
bank. The small bum -of Stevenston passes betwiift theili. A 
third qudrter is formed on a narrow street atso:, le^ing north- 
wards up to the church, and holds of the estate of fifange. Hie 
houses?, nearly all, are of one stoTy, and thei greater part of ttiem 
are covered with thatch. Some however Bre of two stories, atid 
a few of fhem are neatly enough constmcted of good mason tir'ofk 
and' slate roofs. The whole are accommodated with valuable 
little gardens. With the exception of its otd, vile, nafrOw streiet, 
which no pams will ever make comtnodious, Stevenston is a 

T t 


cheerful enough place/ w^ an i&dwitrious population in 1819 

of 1777 inhabitants. In this are-^ 

Weavers, «.•• 173 Shoemakers5..«... 8 

Coaliers, •••••« 175 Blacksmiths, ••.••••««••• 7 

Quarrymen^. 15 Taylors, 5 

Masons,.. ..••.. ..•• 18 Baker, 1 

Wrights^ 12 Flesher,..-.. : 1 

Surgeon, (self-taught) 1 

l^opulation of t|)e PattlSf); — Stevenston as above, 1777 

Part of Saltcoats, (See Ardrossan») , M6S 

JL v L < i rJ' «w» w « <iMiM ■ « <i w O w w 1 

^inijBtteria( — since the Revolution. 


Robert Young, Removed to Ireland 

William ReicE. Died in 1743. . 

Tx -D I L T7- ji 7 Ordained August TTrianslated to Galston 

Dr Robert Frndlay, | 33 ^^^^ { ^p^.j 3^. ^^^^ 

Thomas M*Kindlay,«. April 24. 1746. Died May 22. 1758.> 

Dr. James Wodrow, I ^'"'oc^IST?^?!'^ { ^'^ ^^ ^^' ^^^^' 
Dav. Landsborough,..Sept 26. 1811 

Stato op the Poor, — Considering the great population of 
this parish^ there must be few in the kingdom where the pror- 
portion of indigent people is so small, or where less is required 
for^th^ relief . The number of poor on the permanent roll ia 
about 29, and those who g^t relief occasionally about 54, and the 
whole sum required for their suppprt does not much exceed 
4^130 a year. See Statistical Table. 

State of Education. — Besides two schools situated in this 
pvlsh in the town of Saltcoats, included in the account of An- 
drossan, there are three, in the village of Stevenston, viz. the 

STETEN'8T0^^.] op Cuttninfi^jamei 


parish schooli tau^t by Mr. Crawfurd, and two private schools^ 
one taught by Mr* Baillie» and another by Mr. M*6regbr. Iir 
these three schools are 282 Scholars. See Statistical Table* 

<ZEie(tatejgf. ana Mtnilit0. 

Stevenston-Campbell, (part of )^ — ^This was purchased about 
the beginning of the last century, from Mn Cunninghame of 
Auchenharvie^ by Alexander^ ninth Earl o( Eglinton^ in whose 
£sunily it remained till 18145 when it was acquired from his grand- 
daughter. Lady Mary Montgomery Burges, by the late Earl of 
Eglinton. It does not much exceed 30 acres, including part of 
the town of Saltcoats built upon it : . but in few places is there to 
be found better land. 

Grange. — ^This fine property, which compn^ends more than , 
the half of the arable land in the parish, occupies the whole of 
the northern part of it, and extends as far south ip one quarter as 
the Garnock water, and also the village of Stevenstcmypart of 
which it includes.. It is enclosed altogether withditc^ and hedges 
and is otherwise highly embellished with plantations, extending 
to perht^s 80 or 90 acres, arranged in great taste, in groups^ 
clumps and hedgerows ; and no where is better young wood to be 
seen. Nearly the whole has been the work of the present pro^ 
pjrietor, in the course of the last 30 years. 

This property belonged at an early period to the Earls of 
Glencaim, at the time that this great family resided in Ayrshire, 
and when Kerelaw, the manor place, .was their occasional- resi* 
dence. The whole parish went then under the name of the Bar 
tony of StevcMton^ (including also-different other lands at a disk 
tance,) but was subdivided into two distinct properties, Steven- 
stourCumpbell and .Stevenston*<Cunnf ng/icrme. . The first was re^ 
tained by the oldest proprietors of the whole,-^-the Campbells o{ 
Loudoun J the latter was acquired from them by the Kilmaurs 
family, and so distinguished from their own surname of Cun-* 
ningbame,. Both became the property of Doctor [aflerwards^^ 



Sir Robert Cimninghame of Attcheaharvie, about the middQti of 
the 17th century. His nephew, and ultimately, hia aucoessor, 
Robert Cunninghame of AuchenharTie, about the end of dMt 
century, sold this part of the Stevenston barony to John Ha^ 
milton of Grange near Kilmarnock. 

Keiieulv, after this, became the {«incipal xesidence of the 
Grange famiiy» till about 36 years ago^when CoL Hamilton, on 
a gentle eminence, in the imtnediate .neighbourhood of that old 
Gothic pile, erected the present Housb of Gran6£~« atatdy 
fabridc, and one of the mostjoommodioas mansions in the country, 
enjoying, from amid ito mrromdti^ ivoodlands, an unoommon- 
ly rich prospect, whether with regard to land, or to maritime 
sc^nery^ An aoooont of this family £db now to be introduced 

Ipamtittn tl ^wki^ 

Tbis&mily was origiiiaily deaignedof Camskeith, and Ladi^ 
town, thereafter of Grai^e. The mansionJiouse of Grange, a& 
tennrds called Kilmarnock<-Hou8e, adjoining to the town of Kil- 
marnock, (within which parish and neighbourhood a consider* 
afaie extent of land belonging to the famHy was situated,) was 
originally the family residence, and remained so tiH the purchase 
of the lands in tlie parish of Stevenston, as already mentioned. 
The lands in the parishes of Kilmarnock, Loudoun and Fenwick» 
were sold off at different periods, with the reservation of the su- 
periorities of part of what was so disposed o£ An addition was 
made to the Stevenston estate by the present firoprietor, witlni 
these SO years, by the purchase of some lands lying conterminous 
to it, in the parish of Ardrossan^ 

This family is among the most ancient cadets of the House 
of Hamilton, being descended from Sir David Hamilton of<>ad- 
20W, who flourished in the reign of David 11^, and died in 1374. 
He was great-grand-father of the first Lord Hamilton, of whom 
is the present Ducal House, directly descended from the eldest 
pon, David, whilst the family of Grange is derived from WoUer^ 

usTEFENSTON.] OP €umtn^nmt. 169 

the seoond ton. This is attested by Cran^rd^ in his '< Vett^^ 
who not only states that Walter^ the second son of the above Bif 
JDavid of Cadasow^ (by Margaret^ daughter of Walter Lesly, Earl 
of R0S89) was the ancestor of Camskeith, l)ut that Hamilton of 
Grange in Ayrshire^ w^as the representative of the H&itiiltons of 
Camakeitk Both Douglas and Wood, in their respective Peer- 
ages, derive also the Hamiltons t>f Camskeith from the s&me 
Walter Hamilton, the second son of Sir David Hamilton of Cad- 
tow, ancestor of the Duke of Hamilton. 

The first notice that has come tinder my own obseftation of 
the Hamiltons of Cambuskeyth, Or Gimsketh, or Camskeith, 
(for it has been spelt in ^all the6e ways,) is in the Scots Acts of 
Parliament, lately published, vol Ih p. 428, 434, and 438, whefe 
John Hamilton of Camskeith appears as one Of the curators of 
James Hamilton of Fynart« Hiis was in 154SL Ifttta this per- 
sonage the line of succession can be ttaeed downwards With some 
degree of certainty. ' Let him therefoire be stated M the first iH 
this deduction^ without tracing them individudHy farther badlt. 

L John Hamilton of Camsketh, curator of Fytiitrt, in 1^^. 

jj^ . his sort, name not mentioned, but 

in. Jom^ Hi^MittON of Cdmbuskeyth, on the 1st May \!^% 
is retoured heir to his grandfiither, John Hamilton of C^mbus- 
ke3rth, in the lands of Fophill, Burnhill and others, lands near 
Craufurdland and castle of Kilttlarnock — ^[^See Ketour of that 
date, lately published, j . He was suecJeeded by his son 

IV. JottM HxMiLtOK of Cdrtbuskeyth, who, on the 5d Jfov. 
160S, is refoured heir to his great-^faridfather, Jtbhn Hamilton 
of Cambuskeyth, in the l^ds of Overmure and Carlincraigs. 

V. I>At<i> HahiLto:^^ of Ladietown, from what follows, ap- 
pears to have been the son of the preceding and (he connecting 
link in the family af CamskeRh ai^erwards called Grange ; for 

VI. Alexander HamilI'oK' of Ladietown, on the 10th Jan.' 
1616, is retoured heir to his fftth^r, David Hamilton of LadietoQ» 

Du - 


itl j^^^i^ds of prange in the BaUliewick of Cunninghame. He 
was succeeded by his son» . 

VIL;.,R6«Bji^T Hamilton of Grange, . who^ on the 19th Dec. 
1661, was retoured heir to his father, Alexander Hamilton, ixp 
the land$ of ^Grange* He was succeeded by. his son, 

VIIL John Hamilton of Grange. He married. Eliaabetk 
Craufurd, daughter of John Craufurd of Craufurdland, by Janet 
Cunning)iame, daughter of the Laird of Craigends, and had issuer 
a son, John,, and a daughter Marg^et who, in 1675, was married 
to Robert Hunter of Kirkland^ second son • of Robert Hunter of 
Hunterston. He was. succeeded by hia son, 

John HAMiLTo:^:of Grange, whe,in 1677, was retoured heir 
to his father^, John ;Hamilton> of Grange* He murried Rebecca 
Cunniiptghame^ daughter. of Alexander Cunninghame of Craig- 
ends, by Janet daughter of , William Cunninghame of Ashenyards^ 
by whom he had issue, a daughter, .Janet, married to William 
Warner qf Ardeer, and an only sdn, 

X. Alexandeb. HAMO^TON^of Grauge^^who . sueceeded hitn^ 
and macried Elisabeth FoUock, daughter of Sir Robert Pollock 
of that Ilk,.by Annabella, daughter of Walter Stewart of Pardp- - 
van^ by i^chom he had issue, nine sons and two daughters : « 

2* R bert I successively Lairds of Grange, 

3. . Alexander, of whom afterwards^ , , , 

4, James, a proprietor iii the West Indies^ -and father of G^ 
neral Hamilton, the celebrated Statesman, and Pat^-iol; iix the 
United States^^ who fell, greatly regretted, in a du^l with a Mr BurTi:. 
^ 5. Walter ; 6. Greorge — ^both died unmarried, 
. 7. William, married Jean>. daughter .of Robert Donald, £sq^ 
and had issue, 

& Joseph ; and 9. William who died in infancy ( one of the 
daughters^also died in infancy ; the other, Elisabeth, was maxried 
, to Alexander Blair, Esq. surveyor of the. Customs ^t.Fort«*Glsts<' 
^8w^ and son of William Blair of Blair^ and had issue* 

STEVEN'STON.l or Cunningfiam^; m* 

• I 

Alexander Hamilton (No. X.) was racceeded bj hn eldest' 


John Hamilton of Grange, who died unmarried^ when he^ 
was succeeded by his brother, 

Robert Hamilton of Grange, who dying also uittnarried,^as^ 
succeeded by his nephew, the son of 

XL Al«landcr Hamilton the third sod, who married Ra- 
chel Cunninghame, daughter of James Cunninghame of CoUellani' 
by whom he had a son, Alexander, and four daQ^ters, 
. 1 Elisabeth; married Robert Cuninghsme of AdchenharVie, 
and had issue. [See Auchenharvie.]-' 

2. Margaret, married^thfe Rev. TKomats Pollock, minister of 
Kilwinning, and Has issue^ 

3. Joanna, married £dward M^Cormick, Esq. Advocate, late' 
aheriff depute of Ayrshire, and'had issue. - 

4. Jane, died unmarried, • 

On the death of Robert Hamilton orGrange as abdve, which- 
happened in 1774, his immediate younger brother, Alexander, 
having predeceased him, he was succeeded by the only son as' 
above. ' 

XII. ALi5XANi)ER Hamilton of Grange, Advocate; andXieut: 
Colonel of the late 2d Regiment of Ayrshire Local Militia. 

ARMS.-^-Ctt/e^, a Lion Rampant, Argent (for Ross]; betwixt 
threti cinque fbi\6y Ertnine^ (for Hamilton); Crest, an Oak tree' 
proper ; Motto, in anescrOU above, Viridis et FructiferA. 

Seabanic— ^This property is situated betwixt the Itfnds of 
Grange and the Sea, and extends to between 400 and 500 acres, 
of which upwlards of 300 is fertile "arable land; andithe remainder^ 
plantation or* "pastare. This* was alsb included' in the original 
teatrony of Stevenston,' arrd' afterwards in that of Stevenston- 
Gampbell. It made part of the purchase in 1656, by Sir Robert^ 
Gunninghdrte of Auchenharvie ; and in 1708, when otheir parts * 
of^the barony of Sterenston were alienated, thiS' was retained bj|': 



[Parish (^ 

Mr/ CuainghRmei and under the name of Seabank, remains still 
the property of his descendants. The house of Seabank is pleap- 
santly ^ituated^ on the south side of a steep bank covered with 
thriving woods, and fronting the sea) at the distance of half a 
mile. It wa^ built more than 100 yeans ago, and like to other 
mansions of the same era, more regard has been paid in its con- 
struction, to conyeniencies on the whole, than to exact symmetry 
in its parts. 

Cumng()ame of ^uibm^attAt. 

AuexANDER, first Earl of Glencairn (who was killed at the 
battle of Sauchiebum 11th June .I448») had four sons by his 
Liady^ a daughter of Adam Lord Hales : 1» Robert, his succes- 
sor ; 2. William, ancestor of the Craigends family } 3. Alexan- 
der; 4« 

L EnwARD of Aucheitharviey the first . of this &mily, as may 
be inferred from Retours dated 27th' July 15459 of Margaret, 
Janety Elisabeth, and Helen, heirs portioners of Edward Cun- 
ninghame of Auchenharvie, their fiMher^ The next male suc- 
cessor mentioned, is 

IL Adam Cuninghamc of Auchenharvie ; but under what 
title does not appear, perhaps by marriage of one of the above 
co-heiresses, and probably a son of Craigends who is stated, by 
Crawfurd, to be the ancestor of the present famHy of Auchen- 
harvie. From Adam, it .came by succession to his grandson, 

IV. Robert of Auchenharvie, who, on the 27th March 160^ 
is retoured heir to his ^andfather, Adan\, in these lands. He 
married Catherine Cunin^hame, a grandchild of Hunteratoiv 
[See page 122.] The next in succession appearsito be 

V. Sir David Cuninghame of Auchenharvie, who, in 1633# 
was created a Baronet, He was probably son«in-law, or, it might 
be, nephew, to the preceding, being son of Patrick Cunin^iame 
of Klrklatid of Kilmaurs, as appears from the progress of writs of 
;1^e lands adjoining of Balgray, which he acquii^ed. from Sir Wm^ 

-STEVBNSTON.] of €mtiiti^tim. lis 

Mure Off Rowalkn on t!re 6th Nov. 1650. He t^asf succeedecl by 
JEldb^ft Cuninghame, second son of John C\minghaffi6 of fiaid- 
knd, but how connected does not appear — ^probably from his 
niotlMr having been the sister or the daughter of Sir Davii 'this 
VI. HoBKRT CuOTKGHAMi:, who Succeeded Sir David hi Au- 
ehmhame, was brought up to the study of medicine, and became 
eminent in the profession, and was appointed Physician to Charles 
Ilfbr Scotland. Being much employed at Court, and having great 
practice otherwise, he acquired very considerable property, and 
in 19SS pnrchased the barony of Stevenston, which at that time 
comprehended the whole parish. He purchased sundry other 
lands besides, both in the parish of Kilbride and in the parish of 
Slewarton. l^om Scotland he attended his Majesty to England, 
and' wa^ present at the battle of Worcester,' (Sd*'Sept. 1651) where 
William, second JDuke of Hamilton, was so severely wounded in 
the leg, as to die in eleven days after, notwithstanding of all Dr. 
Cuninghame's care. The Doctor, wfth many other Gentlemen, 
waff «Ooto after sent to the Tower, hot from the passes* as below, 
it shocrld appear that he mtrst have been in Scotland in less than 
six months after. On the *Restoration in 1660, he was reinstated 

* 1. ^V'PermH ibe beinfw, D^. Robert Cuningfaamey with his servant, horses, and ne- 
cessaries, to pas0 to Gla«g^w aod vet^ae himstQlP to the Commander in Gmf, witlm 
out trouble or molestation^ within six weeks, he acting nothing prejudicial to the a£- 
jftira o£ Ah Coahmonweakh of -"Ingland, their foreesx>r garrisons.-^Done at Dalkeith 
the: 6th of Feb. 16^1. J. LAMBSRT/' 

To dll Offuers and Souldiers. 


. 2. << I do continue this paroll to the said Doctor Rqbert Cuninghame for two 
ninths 'imgef|. from the'preftent days <^nd -to give ham-leaf e tb paeS tb and again a&o\it 
his employment as a Physician, he acting nothing prejudicial to the State, aa4 renddr^-i 
ing himself up to the Commander in Chief at ye two months end* March 16, 1654-r 

RI. DEANfi.*' 

« 3* << I do hereby; comimie the ptss fitMr thitse motiAs hxkgev from die date hetisof, 
given ui^der my. hapd at DiOkeitb, 1 9tb JiC^e l&S^ RZ. , DBANE.'' 

'4. « I do heneby lengthen the p.isn of Dofctot Cuninghune, for ft>l]owing his pnic«> 
tice ofPhync and lawful employment for three mbndid longer dian the time above li« 
mited. Given under my haad the 18th day of Dec. 1652; RI. D£AN£/* 

AU tkcsepojses arc llQhgn^ rf these CcmmwHvealth Generals. 

X X 


in the situation of his Majesty's Physician, (in wlrich office he re^ 
mained during life,) and continuing . in the favour of his Sove-* 
reign, he was raised to the hereditary dignity of a Baronet oS 
Nova Scotia, in the year 1673. When in England he married 
an English Lady, whom he brought to Scotland, on his. return 
as above, but who died not long after. , He married, Sdly, Elisa-. 
beth Henderson of the fiimily of Fordel in Fife, by whom he had 
issue. He died before tiie year 1674, and was succeeded by liis 
only son, . , 

Vn. Sir Robert CuNiNOHAivfE of AuchenUarvie,'whQ enjoyed 
the honours and estate for only a short period. IXe^ was succeed-* 
ed by his only sister, 

VIL Anna Cunpnoh.vme of Auchenharvie. All thisr is in-* 
structed, by the " Inquisitiones de Tutela," lately published. This 
Lady was daughter,^by the second nwirriage,4df the first Sjr Ro* 
bert. . Who was the mother of the second Sir Robert does not 
appear. Anna of Auchenharvie lived but a. short time also^ 
when the estate, by a special deed of entail,.* at her death fell to- 
the nephew of her. father. Sir Robert the Physician. His Re* 
tour commences in these terms— (dated 1 0th Jan. 167&.) 

VIL RoBERTUs Cynynghame, pharmacopola, burgensis de 
Edinburgh i ./ler^^ talluPj Annae; Cunynghame, fili«& legitimes 
quondam Domini Robert! Cunynghame <le Attchenhetvie, Mili- 
tis Baronetti, Doctoris Medicinas ConsobrinatJ^ He married MisiEr 
Anne Fiirves, of the family of Purves Hall in 1669; by whom he 
had the numerous i^sue of 17 children, of whom six only came 
to mature years, and of these none appear to. have had issue but 
his successor. 

* The narrative includes the following subjects ; Auchenhervre ; (Byres and New- 
ton of Cunninghamehead, in warrandice of the cbiirch lands of Steyenston,) Dowcate^^ 
hall, Bogend^ Ardeer, HuUerhirstj Saltcoats-Campbell, Patronage of the parish church 
of Stevenston; Chapelton, Bonshaw, Creyoch-Lindsay, Fatrley Crevoch, Balgray^ 
Cassiltonj Orer^Lochrig, Horsemuir, Middleton, Caprinstoney Dreghom and Warrixi^ 
Baarony of Stevenston, Corsbie, Minnock and Qill, and DrummelUfig. 

sfTEVENJSTON.] op Cunniiig|)fHne«> lis^ 

Mr; Cuninghame being endowed with a very active mind, 
began, soon after his accession to the estate, to make improve- 
ments on the various subji^ots of which his property consisted. 
This was more especially the case with the coal on the lands of 
Stevenston — ^the'^working of which he brqught to a degree of per- 
fection never before knowni as also the harbour of Saltcoats, as^^ 
already noticed, (pages 26 and 152); He also made great im-- 
provements on the Saltworks there, all, at no little exlpence* 

It is too often to be observed, that those individuals who, by. 
their ingenious and enterprising exertions^ confer' the greatest 
benefit on the public at lapge, or- on the particular -society among* 
which they live, do so with very little advantage to themselves^ 
or rather, it turns out as bfteA, that theii; own private interest suf- 
fers in consequences The rtisult to himaelf, of this Gentleman V 
operations, will form no«xeepticm to this remark; for in conse- 
quence of th6 great espence incurred by him in: these works^ 
(conjoined lK>wever with some old incumberances left on the es-* 
tate by the first Sir Robert,) he was obliged at last to alienate a 
great part of his landed ptopert^, and this not merely the more 
distant possessions,^ but the greater part of this parish, where he 
had fixed his residence^ as has already been, and will be, noticed inr 
the coarse of this* narrative, Hedied on the 10th. of July 1715,*. 
and was succeeded by his eldest* surviving souy 

VIIL Jambs Cidkikghame of Auchenharvie, who, about four 
y«ars befar6,>was'married to Marion Fullarton, daughter of Ful-^ 

The foUowiffg character of Ms worthy gentleman is fr$m the pen of.^i denendant*, 

♦ << He was a devout man, and one that feared God. A book of considerable size, 
m his own hand -writing, containing a great variety of pious aspirations and earnest 
piclyers, arising fvom a deep sen^e of his own unworthiness, connected with his hopa 
in God through Jesus Christ, is still preserved among the Records of the family. Xove 
to God his Saviour, submission to his" dispensations, unfeigned humilkyt of mind^ de-« 
pendance on divine providence under his own particular circumstances, connected with 
the state of the times in which he lived, together with love and kindness to his brethren = 
of mankind, ard conspicuousr throughout the whole. Ifis memory is still held dear tov 
his descen4ants,<even though his exertions were not accompanied at the time with all 
that affluence or worldly prosperity which, from his ingenuity and application^ to busi-' - 
ness, might have been expected." 

176 PARnOtltiJl I>B8CMPTI0N [Pimish 

larton of that Ilk» by whom he had ^ son and three dsughtersi of 
whom tft«rwards« In the sale of tlie landi now conpoekig'liie 
extensive psoperties. of Grange and Atdeer^ in this parish^ dboet 
1708, the wkote of the. coalj in both, wasresravml for a penod 
of '57 years theKafteFr-4M)t ^ w«^k8, at tkio tiimev at a voj low 
ebb, were now cottdi^oted with a mote oautioKia spirit, and hkk 
derate suocess. One thiiig howe^wr, ia wocthor of reaaark^ tibat 
sabout this time the ftre o? stocim engine was invented, aaal in 
1719, the second one m Scotland wiaa erectedhcre, widi a cylin- 
der brought from London, of 18; inobes: dlaaieter, not mudbi Imh 
get than the present pumps* He <%(d in Seix 17M,. andl mmis 
succeeded by his son, 

IX. RoBEftT CuKmoKAtf£ cfP Aoelieifthar^ie, wAio ctied in 
Dec. 1799, in consequenee of a brain fever, in the Idth year ai 
his age. He was succeeded by'kia Ateo aiaters^^Anna, Elaa» 
beth, and Barbara <:!unin^iaine of Audimihanrie, hiaira peitien^ 
ers. EKsabeth died unman^ied, Btorbmra married Mr» WiMkm 
Cuninghaoio in Kihvinning, and 

IX. Akna, the eldest, carried oft the lino of: the fiimilj. Jm 
Jnly 1737, she nuirried John Reid, second son of the Rev. Wbb. 
Retd, minister of Stevenston. (The etdest son, Thomas^ waa 
father of the preseht Wiffiam Reid of Adamtoti.) The^chiMren 
of this marriage were 

1. May, married to Robert vBaillieKl^^ c^MiyrtUe, and had 
issue, two daughters : 1. Leslie, married to Mr. Camming of 
Logic ; and 2: Grace. 

2. Robert, of whom afterwards. 

3. EliMbeth, married to Mr. Andrew .Donaldji^ mercbati^t 
Greenock, and had issue, Anne; and Christian, married to Mr# 
Leajrmont, merchant in India, and has issue. 

4. Anne, died unnjarried. 

5. Sarah^ married Alexander Cuninghame, Esq. Collector of 
Custon^ Ir¥ine> a9d had issue, Anae^ married to Mr. Anthony 


tr Cttlltlittg|N»n«. 


Dimlop, MB of John I)anl<^ of that Dkj and had kaui^: Jtinlej 
married to William Smith of Jordanfaill} Mid William, in the 
service of the East Iddia Gomptnj. 

• €. John, manned Jdiss Boileau^ India, died thexe and lefh 
11 niunerous iisu«« 

« • 

X. RoBCtT^ the eldest son, beeame pmsessed of the estate of 
Auchenharviey in xAnsequence of a special agreement with the 
heirs porSfoners in 1770, and hence added the name of Guking- 
liAME to' bis own J Inheriting « due portioi} of the spirit of his 
Hiaitemi(l great-grandUathert Robert (No/ VII.) of Auch^iharviei 
he prosecuted his schemes* with judgtn^tit, perseverance^ and wiHh 
^^ccess. .11iee^cclM|ve right to the coal in Ardeerv^&c. being 

^now expired, he entenid into a copartnery with Mr. Warner, fo1^ 
a long period, to work the coal remaining on their respective 

^pio^erties. After m uiost ^pensii^e operation, in sinlciug a shaft 
c£n vast widtfa^^througfa a bed 6f irunm«g<Mnd, more ^aa BS 

^^ftatsbfcp^ tfaej 8^oeeeded at last in -finding an excellent eofti! 
under ati^ti of day and other firm materiuls below. From lliia- 

^^coaUwork helNxmght a canal (the first in Scotland on which aily^ 

' buiineflfi ym done, see pag«.'28;) to the harbour of Saltcoats, alMf 
at an expence, which though very great, was^still less than inur^ 

<^4U&firatroidealat€d 'upon« Some essential improvements ^ he also 
meflte sm IfaiB, bis own harbbni^and extended i^ in capacity be^' 
jUHld^ ongiaaL^nstructiop, aa leftby bis great aDcesCoar,' fie^ 

^ b^rt of (A;uchenhanrie, sbomt 100 years before. He also improv-^ 
^.thkiamiB, * and greatly embelUihed «^e estate of Beabamk in 

•^ oduar ^M|Mctsi He diedin tbf end of Nov. 1814. He was twide^ 
mdnibd:; lat^ to Elisabeth flaimltoi|^ ^s]ster of ^oknel Alexander" 

'Hamiltoii4xf i^range, by wlu^m he had one daughter^ £liMbedi> 
who wan iparped tp Miyor George Vanbur^y Arown of .Kaock*^ 
narlocfa. ; She died at ^oiirs in f^Msee, and left a son, JUmv^UMk 
tiiree daughteii $ fiiisabetb^ HamiUa, and J^SuxyJ ^Ijiimimin-i 

'J • 


s «/ 


ried Annabella, daughter of Mr. Thomas Reid, MaohaBt uiSaI<4 
coatSy and by her had issua 

1. JohD5 died UDmarried in India*. . 

2. Anne^ married to Colonel Alexander Robertson of Hall-- 
craig in Lanarkshire, and has issue, six children ; L AnnabeUa;t 
2. Marion; .3. .Georgiaiar-Gi^hamr Victoria; 4. Arthnc Wellesly; 
5. Anne ; 6. Robert^* . 

8. Robert, of whom afterwards^ 

4, Thomas, who was an officer in the Rdyal Navy, and died 
at Chatham in March 1819— an excellent young man, highly es-* 
teemed by all who knew him ; and 

5u Marion. ... He was succeeded by his. (now) only surviyingi 

XL Robert CuNiNGHAME of Auchenharvte, proprietor ofthe> 
lands, and representative of the family. The old castle of An^ 
dienharvie is situated about four miles north irom Irvine, in the* 
parish of Stewarton, where a view of it will be given. It has not. 
been habitable lor long. . The family seat is>at Seabahk, a smalli 
but pleasant mansion, on thet coast side» betwixt the towns o£ 
Stcvenston and Saltcoats, set down amid some thtiving planta-t 
lions, as already noticed 

Arms, matriculated in 1673, are^ Argent^ a S9tafce*Eork be-^^ 
twixi two Lozenges in Fesse sa6/e, with the Badge c^ Nova Soo^^. 
tia; Crest, a Dexter Hand /yropfr, presenting a Lpxenge, OTt. 
Motto, on an Escrole above, Cuba it Condoex. 

Ard£er.— -Contermihous«on.the east, to the lands of ^Seabankp 
tbose of Ardeer are situated.^ . la pointof extent, tl»ioest«teco&«»« 
tains more than half of the parish^ but in this* is induded the* 
aand hills already mentioned. There is, however, comprised ia 
it» nearly 300 acres of arable land, of whieh.a great proportion ia^ 
MBUurludbly fertile, ranking amcmg the very best in the parish, cmt 
perhaps in the district. The House of Ardeee is situated nearly, 
close upon the east end of the Tillage of Stevenston, but U well 

dkreened l^ plantations) and pleasantly set dovm under the'shel*- 
ter of a steep bank^ on the north, on which are spread out to the* 
south its fine sloping and terraced gardens. The house itself is 
rather in an adcient stile of building, but has of late been mo-* 
derrfised in some of its parts, and on the whole is a comfortable 
residence. Thiii property, forming also part of the ancient baro» 
ny of Stevenston, was acquired in 1708, from Mr. Cuninghame 
of Auchenharvie, by the Rev. Mr. Warner, the history of which 
ikimry fitUs now to be inserted. 

(DHamer Of ameer* ^ 

I. The first of this family of whom I find any mention in the 
Title Deeds k Jokk WariI^er, who, in 1656, purchased a tene- 
ment in the Burgh of Irvine, together with the Braid Meadow 
^dja^ent, from John ' Mure. He had two sons, both of whom 
"Were eminent Ministers of the Church of Scotland, and both were 
sufferers for their prmciples ib the persecuting times of Charles 
11. The eldest son, Thomas, was - minister of Balmaclelan in 
Galloway, whence he was ejected in 1679, for attending convene 
tides^ but seems to have been restored again at the Bievolutioa 
He died on thelOih Sept 1716. The second son was - ! 

n. Patrick Warner. He was educated at the Universi^ 
of: St. Andrews, and licensed a preacher of >thG Grospi^l about the 
y^ttTil^l, by the dissenting ministers in London, and wa$ by 
them ireeommended to the East India Company, who, in 16Q9, 
appointed ' him minister of Fort St George, on the coast of Cc^ 
.romandeL He • returned , to Scotland 'in 1677, and preached in 
vartQUS e9i>.yentiqles» i^ th<% fields, particularly in Galloway, along 

-with the celebrated Mr. John Welsh. After the battle of Botb* 

. • • • • » 

c«el Bridge in 167^, he found it prudent to retire to Holland for 
vi short time. Ketiirning again he ri^newed his field preachings • 
Tif\ dfS^rent places in the west of Scotland, and jn Dec 1681, he * 
^^mftrrfed M^rji, one of the daughters of that eminent divine^ the^ 
I lUv. .WUJiam Guthrie, m in ister ,of Fen wicL 

• *«« 


V filter this he underwent^ a Imig impristiiimeilt a^d a variety 
ef ) ipcxseontions on account of Ms unbending} tiqUieFence lo l»8 
priqciple^) which ^t last forced hmx to leave th^ coutitry aUogi^ 
tlxer and ^0 *ta HoUand»agaui» to which he. soon after brou^Ms^hMi 
yn£e and ^milyi lu 1 68S, he f ook tlieadfv^antagaiof: Kmg Jane^'^i 
Indulgence and returned to Scotland,; and oq the 24tliJVIaxtii 
.^68^)h^^a^ ordained ntiinister in Iwioe^nrJiiere Iwtofiiici&ted a^ 
bpjQtr.SO 3(Qaas, as he resigned Jn 1709, and retired. ih>»his:,owo 
J^Qtjse of Ardeer, where he lived till after thei^ear 17@@, boiog 
thjpj^i the oldest pi In ister of the:Cliiirch»0f Scotland, accordttig to 
'WvOdiio\Tv from whose History snuch of i this account is t^keQ/^ : 
, r. ; . In, d 69 1 ) lie piifrchased from Walter ^Scott of Cloi^helth^ 4lie 
lands of Scots-Loch and the Trindlemoss, -in the vicinity of Ir- 
vine^ .winch he improved so efFectually, by a Iwge drain stiU cal- 
}&^TbeJdiniBtei^9 Ca^,. that £rom being a swampy field of little 
valjLTp^ it has become among the most valuable land in the parish, 
audxontimias the property of the faimily. till this day. In 169^ 
he bought. th^ lands of -Hallbarnsjin the parish of Kilmaurs, from 
-Sir Robert Barclay of Peirceton, and in 1708, he acquired the 
lands: of Aideer and Dowcotehall, from Robert Cunmghame of 
Auchenharvie, and the House of Ardeer has been the family re-j 
sidejice wer since. . He was succeeded by his son, 

^ ' » » " 

* The following extract from the Presbytery Records, is worthy of obsenration* 
not merely as relating to this worthy minister, but as an honourable testimony of the 
;^e6ptct the church was held in at the time. 

Irvinty April 23. 1695. 
Sc3erunt, Messrs. John Wilson, James Osburn, Jlobert Stirling, Andrew towlis, 
d^lexander Orr, Robert Hunter, John Glasgow, ^#ohn Jameson, Thomas Clark, John 
Andrew elder from Kilmarnock. 

* The Presby terymet this day, pro re natoy being advertised by reason of a letter from 
the commission of the church, advising thisiPresbytery therem, to elect one of their 
Jiumber to attend the Parliament, which is expected to sitt shortly, and some affairs 
relating to the church, wrll Be in before it, uppon which the Presbytery did elect Mr. 
Patrick Warner, to go to Edinburgh, atid to .Join .with Jus brethern there, for the good 
of the church, and to continue for three wieelcs, and if the Parliament happens to sitt 
longer, then Mr. Osburn is t« succeed him. _ * 

Extracted from the Records of Presbytery by 

ROBERT URQUHARTi Phfhtjiigrif Cleik^ '^ 

gTBVsmToy.} COP ctmnittgltme. isi 


WiLtxAM WAftNEft of Ardeer. He nmrried Ut Jwset, dftogli. 
tff <^ AlcDcdader Hamilton of- Gfange, by whom he had isnie ; 
«mI Sdlj^Mftrjr Mowat, widow of - JAfaes Ren «# Walfttone in the 
^«ri«h'of £ifattamodc,^with whomhe dc^air^ that property, but 
Krhhout any Usae of that marriage. He died before the y$ar« 
1*764^ wad was suoeeedei) by hid son, ^ 

I^. PATEicK^WAaMBii. of ArAeer. Ife aittrried Hekii, daogh*' 
Ii0r of—-— Rusiel, «bipfliaster itt ^^dtooais, by whom he had 
two sons: i. BitrickV^tJoha, a sufgecm in the service of the 
£a«t InicKa Company $ and^thfee daughceis : l.Williaii^, married 
to Alexander MiUer, Bsq. of Monkcastk^; ft Agnes ; & Helen* 
sfarrted to Robert Hunk»r^ "M^, 'He Wtfa ^ntoceeded by his M* 

est son,'-' 

v. PATfticK '^AttHBiT, now^ AjtSset* B» was bred to the 
Bbyal Narj, iii wtiidv he wab a Ltetileiiattt ; and has (Men mudi 
lervioeltt the WeAt'It^led^thel^fteh'aM and the Jfhttk 
Seas. He fmnrHedf ^m the 3t#t tDttti J81«^ Catlieriiie^ dafaghtdr 
of Qiuintin Johnston, Esq. of Trolarg^ «nd has ksue^ a aoOy 

Patrick, and a daughter, Cajtbeniii?^ 

ABMs.^-'Azurey a Fesse, argent^ ht^twht three Boars* Ileads 
eraxed-^two in •chief, and one Iff base. Crest, xJtef a Helmet 
l^fittiagihisilegceef an OpQnKbl& Motto, Maket ni iETE^mviC* 
; |H][iiERfluiisT*-»— This property, consisting of '70 or 80 actiea 
eif good arafaJe land, with.aiirsadequtate mansion,^4s sitqabed eMik 
if(BXjSi ihm fhe tand$ 0f Gr^ge, and oh the northern btoondary 
ef4he parish in that quarter. It^^eems, from the Retours, to 
have belonged m 1631, and before that time, to a iamilT of the 
name of Campbell. It was afterwards .acquired by a family of 
the name of Kelso, who h;aKe enjoyed it for several ^nerations ; 
and how belbngs^to Alexandier. Hamirtpn l^am of the 

Betreat in Oevonshirei wlio^ in 1809, on the^eath of bis maternal 
node; the late Bir Willian^^HaniiltQnj^ assuo^ejd his n^e, (instead > 
of Kelso,) 4nd succeeded' him in that propertyi where ^ he now ^ 

aMides. Z z. 

1^2 PAJtTXCUXAll X)ESCMPTION | ^ '^^^Pairin/t'^ 

' HATocKS^^Tbid smiiller property, of perhaps.^ %cr^ of good 
land^ is si|imited betwixt the Iniads of .Hillerh|iqs(;,Ap.4 Ai'de^; 
beloaga to t«d jbkH; .|>tf)pfifitotS) Jobii aod TJM>ma^ Muir. : :3!h!M« 
is nothing of tbeshl^^iof a n»iQak>fi.,oD it^^ve^^t^i&rm^hoDfei 
seem to be ruidotos. . There, redaains sliil to. be;DOtjlpQd9;PB0;(N( 
two Villas : 1. Mayville, in the viciciity of JSteve^py^a^ ipn tb^ 
north-west' * It extend^ to l^or 14 a^efi qfyery fei^iAlftud^land 
01} ^hich tber« is letdown a pleitsant tfiiaJi niai|6iopj overloQl^QgL 
a great extent of /cc^njtry, serosa the -Bay Q^ ffoma com-* 

nanding site, .veil yhelteredby^lts own wm% of trees. It bf^Qng9 
to Mrs. CunUnaf Xx)gi&>of the:laimly:of .Baittie of.Monligtoii^ 
thttt was of gr^at respeotabiKty fpir a lo^giperiodcio this;p^iof 
the country, 2. Farkekd, the seat of William Brown Esq. of 
lyswhilk It;is a cpmm^idiilu&iniansion, ^ith a few; acres adjacent, 
situated close on the tQwn^^St^tcoatfe ^the oprth back of Ca« 
nal J9tTeet %. Oq.the $9meisitte of that street, At the eftst e^il^ 
J^s; MackifiilayihiRs a Afiats mag mansion and gardejow 

■I .v 



Graage, « * « * • Colonel Hamiltoni <- 

Aideer» • . « • - Patrick Warner^ £i^. 

Seabaiik, - <- - • Robert Quningliame, Esq. 

SalMtts part, ' - , « i • £arl of Eelinton, 

Hillerfattrst, * - -^ • - . William Hamiltoii, Es<|. - 

Hayocks, - - .« - ;• John mod Thomas Muir, . - 

• . 


















Total I4I2O6 . 



ALA:^AND;sa Hamilton of Grange. 
Patrick Warner of Ardeer, 
Robert Cukinghame of Auchehharyi4 
William' Brown oT LawhilL . 

.-.. -> 

v<. •«. A 

STB FEysTOX. j - -At Curtningljanit. tSs 

The old mansion of Kerelaw is the only one to be taken no- 
tice c«F. Though superceded by the new house of Grange, as Uie 
manor place of the estate* yet a considerable portion of this ven- 
' erable relict of antiquity is stiU preserved, and is <»rtainly a 6ne 
object, overspread, as it now is, with ivy, surrounding its turrets, 
its denticulated gables, its arched doors and its Jiarrow windows; 
(see. the vieff). The most memorable thing, in its history is, that 
sometime previous bo 14B8, -when inhabited by the Kilmaurs fa- 
mily, U was sacked hy their hbstile nei^bofirs, the Montgome- 
ries, who demolished part of it, and carried off the goods. The 
CuniDghames did not fbrget this visit, but took theip opportunity 
%oat 40 years afler, When they repaid it, by hurtling Eglinton 
CaeUe to the gronrtd. [See Wood's Peerage — article EglintQn,} 

IBtttclato. -■'-'■■ 

184: ■- iJURTicutAB i>£S(;[&iPTioy [Pari$h ef 


1-WINNING Pariah isisituated next eaitwaid from 

hat of Stevenstoq. Its greatest length is from s. w. 

K E. abput G miles, and the greatest breadth is 

bout 5 miles in a direction across from n. w. to s. e. 

lut being extremely irregular in the outline, [see 

the map,] it extends to only about 17 square miles of surface, or, 

as more precisely ascertained, to 8,530 acres, of which about 6,000 

are on the east side of the water of G^rnock, and about 2530 on 

the west. 

(general appearance. — The Garaodk, in its course, traverses 
this parish in its whole breadth from north to south, in a hollow 
of considerable depth. On the right banks of this water the 
Jands rise^adually in its northern quarter, till it terminates in 
a kind of hilly ground on the march with Ardrossan puish. 
Lower down, wliere it marches with the parish of Steven- 
ston, the country is nearly level throughout. On the east side 
of the Ganiock, the sloping banks rise more quitikly, and sooner 
terminate; the eastern and larger wingof the parish».being in gen- 
eral a level country, varied however into hollows and Heights of 
no great elevation. The whole parish is much embellished wi& 
the plantations of the different proprietors — excepting in the 
north-east, opening (m the parish of Beith, where it is abundant- 
ly ,bleak, — not only devoid of woodland, but having a consider- 
.able expanse of moss. 

KILWINNING.] or Cttnnfngl^ame. 185 

i0intt9illi — ^The same as in the last parish de9cribed.«~€o4M 
LiiM£S*roN£ ; and Fhsestoke, of yaiious kinds^ being in great 

^tt.*— On the east side of Che Garnock much of the land is 
a thiii adhesK*^e clay, of no great natural fertility. Hie most fer- 
tile is on the west side, more especially in the neighbourhood of 
Kilwinning, where the soil, in general, is very product! ve, 'Diis, 
in part, may be original, but much of it is imputable to long con- 
tinued cultiyatioB)-^oi:iginating with the inmates of the monastrey 
in ancient times, who were always the most intdiligent part of 
the community, and celebrated for their assiduous cultivation of 
the soil in these dark ages. . / 

CtO90 CultfttftteO^ — Nine parts in ten of alt the WnEAtf 
grown in the parish, is within a mile t)f Kiiwimiiog, a&d &A the 
west side ofthe water.- — ^Turnip, as a field crop, is almost limited 
to Lord Eglinton's own farm, as also Carrot, but this last is now 
cultivated still more largdy by Miss Bowman of Ashgrove. — §FAf> 
xow is hardly known, beyond the Eglinto*i Padks. — fSd^ATOBs 
form the great subgect of correct cwltivation, but limited5<]€couii8e9 
to what is required for home consumpt It would be fioo raudh 
for the temper of the populace to bear, that potatoes were oelti- 
^ated for exportation* 


In Tillage, ^. 17701 

Cultivated grass kiKi.. 5303 \ Total 



irwft JFtfii fNatural pasture, moss, Scc^...^.*...^*...^ 1141 
iP^ri95* J Woodlands and gardens,...^ 416^ 

!Lit)e ®tOCll«-~The milch^ows are of the usual breed of the 
country, but there ore also a considerable number of cattle «at 
feeding or grazing^ of which a part are purohaasiad in, as wanteNi, 
from Arran, Argy le or- other places in the Highlands. JbaaoeitaiQ- 
ing tlie number of cattle, it was found that ^ acres was required 
io graze a milch^cow, on tlie we3t aide *o£ the Gasnook ; 2^ iu 


186 PARTICULAlt DESCRIPTIOK [^Pcttislv of 

Eglinton parks; and about 4 acres at an average on the lands in 
the north-east wing of the parish^ whilst it was observed that the 
size of the cows was respectively in the inverse ratio of these num- 
bers* Thus while in Eglinton parks,, the average weight of a 
milch-cow might be about 28 stones of 24 oz, to the Ib-j the 
weight of those on the meagre pastures in the north-east quarter- 
of the parish, would not exceed J7^ stones. 

r Horsest of all descriptions,.. •».••«••• 240 

xi 4^^ ofs^t.^1, J Cattle ditto, 1514 

%m^m}kA si^^^p^ 39g 

LSwine, ..^ 280 

BoaUlBt*— The great road from Irvine, by the coast side to - 
Greenock, passes 3 miles through this .parish, and is well kept. 
There is- a road from Kilwinning to Dairy, &Ci on the west side 
of the Garnock, and another on the east side of the Garnock, to 
Beith, both well kept, but tlie last is remarkably ill-directed, up- 
hill and down-hill very steeply. There is a. good road from Kilr 
winning eastward, falling in to the great road from Irvine to Glas- 
gow, The other parish roads are, in general, very bad — but great 
exertions are now. making in improving some of those most ne^- 

Town of Kilwinning. — This place, which is set down on the 
summit of a pretty steep bank on the west side of the Garnock,- 
is partly very ancient, and partly of modern erection. In the first, 
the houses are generally of two stories and. covered with thatch. 
In the more recently built quarter, the houses are covered with 
slate, and most of them of one story and an attic only. They have, 
nearly all, remarkably productive small gardens, well-stored with 
pot herbs and the smaller fruits. It consists chiefly of one street 
from east to west about 350 or 400 yards long, and the number 
of inhabitants is about 1934. In this is included those who dwell 
in the adjacent quarters, CorsehilL and Bridgend, on the east, and 
Byres on the. west^ . All may indeed -be considered as in one town 

KiLWJNNjyG.] 0? Cunningliame. laT 

-—the intervals betwixt them being very little. The numbers ia 
the respective occupations are as under — 

Weavers^ , , 420 

Shoemakers^ ^..-..^ 15 

jJIJLLLLXSL Q f »f t mtn0mt>m0m ^^''tfmmmfmtmm md 

Surgeons^ ,.,„ „„ 2 

•L J ^^oJtAv/ X. % u Mii— »—»»— n— iw JL 

Coaliers, 45 in the Parishl Girls flowering muslin^ 

said to be more than 500^ 

J^OpUlatfom— In the town, ...1934 

In the country parts,. ....•• 1326 

Total 3260 
dj^anufactUtCjBff — ^From the above list of trades* people, it may 
be seen that the great mass of the inhabitants are in. the weaving 
line, or derive their subsistence from it These are employed by 
the Paisley and Glasgow* Manufacturers, and are afiected in their 
circumstances by the state of Commerce in these great seats of ma- 
nufacture ; whether it be in a prosperous5 or in an adverse way) 
and they, accordingly participate in every popular feeUng as it 
arises in these towns. From Glasgow and Paisley, there are about 
twenty different agents residing here, giving work out to the peo- 
ple of this place and other neighbouring towns. The Tannery is 
in a very prosperous state. Other trades' people find their em* 


ployment in the ordinary demand of the neighbouihood. 

Education. — There are seven* schools in the parish. Mr 
Ramsay in the established school, and JVIr. Connel and Mr. Banks 
ill the town itself Mr. Armour in Corsehill, Mr» Blair at Bul- 
lerholes ; Mr. Gibb at Bensley ; and Mr. Templeton. at Dalgar- 
von. The number of scholars is 325 among them all. 

State of the Poor. — ^The number of poor on the permanent 
roll, in the course of the last 16 years, has increased from 33 to 
5^^ and who have received in this period from ^63 10s. yearly^ 
to <s6l45 17s. 6d. The occasional poor have received, in the 
same time> at the rate of ^lll 4s. 3d. yearly. The sums 

' t 

188 PAnTICUtAIl DESClkfrnoN \^f%9kff 

pended on bd^i classes, in 181B, was ig3!2& 18#. 63- The futids 
are managed by a Kirk Treasurer, %Vho, for this vety t^^ilij^tflg of- 
fice> has a salaty ^f five guineas a year^ iildtided in the abot^fe 
gfen^rai expendiltii:^. ^he means from tvhehce fill this arisBfe^ 
will be seoh in the Statistical Table. Only, oile is frbtn laud 
rents. The poor haye Two Farms under thie charge oF the Kirk- 
Session. The best of them^ till of late^ had been under a long 
lease of 76 years, at a yearly rent of ^14. It is now let at more 
than L.200. This should operate as a great relief, either to the 
poor themselves, or in deduction of the yearly donations^ which 
lron[i time to time have been found necessary. 

^^fttfcBttetlBf—sihce thte Rfevoltttion. 

G«Orge Mddram,^...J688v ....^^^oTranslated to Edia. 

T Trans, to be l^rinci- 

Ge^ge Gh«nber8,....0«l. fiept a 1606..... f r4?iSL,ot 

J tobcr 29. 1717. 
Aleldihder FeimtsoDvOrd. Marcb 14. 1721.1>ied Feb. 16. 1770. 
Thomafe Pollock,........Orid. Sept. 20. 1770,..Died May 4. 1798. 

■\ xarMi'x iD'i. u- 7 Nov. 8. 1798, adm. 1 Trans, to Glasgow, 
Dr. Wilh*m llitchie. I from Taitoiton. J Oct 1. 18ol 

March 24. 180S, adm. 

Di;. Jame^ Stevc^, |- frcmi the Scots Ch<pel, 

Crown-Cotjirt^ Lond. 


A>9Ti&miGH£Es.-'— A meeting-house was built here by this c]as9 
df Secdders about the year 1758, of which the Rev. William Ja- 
meson was the first minister. He died in y and was suc- 
ceeded by their present minjister, the Rev. Robert Smith. The 
house is a plain bnilding of moderate size. The congregation 
may amoiint to about 400, of whom about 200 are in fiill com- 
munion ; and is composed from different parishes. They have 
|>rovided a neat^ small maDse for their minister. 

KILWINNING'] OF Cutuiiiisliamt* 18f 

BiiprxgTs*«---There £9 a smaiL congragatioii ol* these that was 
erected tn ISO^^ con^ting of about ISO mdivkltialiift They^ am 
UD^r the pastoral cbarge of the Rev. Geotge Basela^, wh6 idao 
officflites in the Baptist th^iel iit. Irvine^ generally oa akemate 
Sabbaths. [See Irtrine.] 

^OnfUrtC{» nt ]Bltltttiiming^-«There is a discrepancy anong 
authors as to the origin cf this Honastry. Keith in his Catalogue 
e£ Scottish BisfaopS) and Grose in his Antiquities of Scotland^ sayi 
diat it was"fi>unded fay Hu^ de Morville in 1140 ; whilst Craw- 
fiud in his 'History of Beofrewfldiire,. asserts^, that it was founded 
in the reign of Jltifadcdlin IV. whieh could -not be earlier thMt 
1153, the year m which he succeeded his grand&ther^ David I. 
Birt it should appear^ that Kilwinning, was. oelebsated as* a place 
I of religious: institution at a nuich more early period than either 
of tiiese, Dempster, an author, of ac^noi^edged authority and 
a man of gvait research^ ^nd who, : after, teaching at^Paris^ died 
Professor at Bologiukin. 1625yleft behmdiym'sonie learned wovks 
relative to Scottish, affairs, particularly to its ecdesiastical' histo- 
ry^ A Cwn^ium, or.Monastry, at Kilwinning, is iacid^atally 
mentioned, av esdating^ in an early partv of the 7tii eeatuxyv SOQ 
yean befoite; tibe time stated, by either Keith, or CiawfunL It is 
in an aosount-olP a St» CboSnaniiss. ov ChToniainis whene thb^ ap^ 
.pearft. Hi? words^ (47anslHted^ are-*^]^ waa^^a.very celebrated 
Bishop andi Confessor of Cimin^ifane in Scotland^ whevei^both 
in saerad and in civil matters, he) had great, authority anid inflii>- 
ence» Many of i^e people* he reehdmed &om» seandalou»iB^icea>; 
many alisorbe contorted: ftom- a woddly to a religpioua lift^ andr of 
whom tnany^ not satisfied widi an- ordinary character fbr piety, 
'Consigned themselves to tiia permancHit sedusion; of rdigioua 
cGomiiiintty ;i--particularly m the Monastferiea |C<en5bi£] of fiilh 
wi»miig, andiof Faill, which weresn vety gneat repute* in' Cuniiigh 
hame. He died in the above mentioned Cuninglwio, ar P^POWMe 

in- Seotimd, about the year of ooar Lovd 6i&'' . lilMfipster fjUMtm 



David Camerarius as his authority— and Dempster himself on 
different occasions is quoted by Lord Hales, who was not accus-» 
tomed to repose confidence on slight grounds. The works both 
of Dempster and of David Camerarius (or Chambers) are to bo 
found in the Advocates' I^ibrary at Edinburgh. 

It seems not improbable that this Coenobium, in the 7th cen- 
tury at Kilwinning, might have been one of the religious estab^ 
lishments instituted by those early apostles of Christianity in Scot^ 
land, the Culdees, to- one of whom of the name of Winnin, the 
late Rev- Mr. Pollock, in his excellent Statistical Account of the 
Parish in 1794, imputes the etymology of the name,. still retain- 
ed in Winning's Well in the vicinity of this town and in Win- 
ning's Day, on which an annual fair on the 1st day of February 
is still held The more magnificent establishment in the middle of 
the 12th century of an Abbey cgrMonastry here, would have its 
usual effect of causing a relaxation in the manners of the brother^ 
hood, alienating their minds from that simplicity of life, and holy 
and pious demeanour for whicb they had formerly been distin^ 
guished ; and in place thereof, lead them, step .by step» to assume 
all that pom{)osity of worldly grandeur^ together with a taste for 
luxurious living, that made the country sick of such establish* 
Uents at last, ^nd brought on their utter ruin in the end. .. 

In 1560, Alexander Earl of Glen cairn, a zealous promoter of 
the Reformation, in consequence of an. order from the States of 
Scotland, demolished nearly the whole fabrick of this renowned 
Abbey* A few years afterwards, part of the Abbey church was 
repaired and converted into a parish church, which remained till 
1775, when it was taken wholly down, ^nd. the present modern 
ehurcb was erected in its places . There was still left standing a 
steeple and a gabla This last Tomains nearly as entire as origi- 
nally, afler a lapse of 250 years; The. steeple which was a huge, 
unseemly square tower 32 feet on a side, and 103 feet high, fell 
with a tiremeudaous crash on Tuesday the 2d August 1814> a few - 

KiLHrmxiya.] op cunningljame; i6r 

minutes before a band oY masons were to have gone up to its top ^* 
to make some repairs that were thought was all that were requir- 
ed to keep it standing. It was rebuilt on a much mdre scienti- 
fic plan in the following year, of about the same height, but only 

28 feet square. Avery just view of it and of the beautiful cJd 
gable is inserted in the map given in this work* 

The revenues of this great establishment, at the time of its - 
dissolution, exclusive of property lands, amounted to ^80 3s. 4d. 
jSk!Ots ; 8 bolls wheat ; 14 chalders 1 boll and 15 pecks of bear ; . 
67 chalders of oat meal; 13 stirks,. 140 capons, 100 hens, 268 
cheeses, and 9 fathom of a peat-stack ; also the teinds and patro- > 
nages of the following parishes : — Kilwinning, Irvine, Kilmarnock, . 
Loudoun, Dairy, Ardrossan, Kilbiraiie, Kilbride, Beith, Dunlop, 
Dreghorn, Stevenston, and Stewarton, all in Cunninghame ; Kil- 
marouock and Dunbarton in Lennox; South and North Knapdale. 
in Argyle; and. Kilmory and. Kilbride in Arran. Those who^ 
know the extent of its property lands,Jiave estimated' the. full re-- 
venue as equal to <s£20,000 sterling,- yearly at present These 
well-fed fathers, however, had the burden on them of keeping* 
die respective parishes in regular clergy, but the gift would al* 
ways be to «ome of their own community. 

That therewas a Cbartulary of the^Monastfy at one time in 
existence, cannot well be^ doubted, though now it seems nowhere, 
to be found. The demolition of the buildings in. 1560 probably 
involved in it the destruction of the Abbey records.^ The lifiit of. 
Abbots is only to be ascertained incidentally from other circum- 
stances, and is extremely deficient. Only the following, havei 
oome to my knowledge.: 

In 1210,.^ Nigellust 

1268., „..,ToanDcs. 



1 367- Robert. 

1449 Willielmus. 

Kitei 1460 et 1488, Wm, Boyd, 

second son of Sir Thos. Boyd of^ 
Kilmarnock, if he be not the? 
Willielmus before mentioned. 

1513^ William Bunsh, killed' 
at Floudoun. 

151 6m^— Hamilton*^ 

;199 VAUniEXUi.AB mscbibtion [FtmcAi^ 

la I53$y. JaMea Bethuo^e^ ArcUwhop^of Ghsfffft. Qo his deadly 
th«ub yeap» he was suceMdicb by Gemm Hanaltexti and* who was 
kUkd m the; Camang^te^ Eidiiiibttcg^ aBtk Juiie^ 157 i« Tbeze 
iAS0mft!doiiio*attt<»boidi:af the^lwba^^ as itiis ascsitnnedi 

irom the dateaC a C|iArter^ (ithet best of evidence,) in the {nsases^ 
sion of Mr. Miller oF Moncastlie'5 » wlttdk the Abbot, who grants ity 
in 1599 is" eafled Ajlbxan>d£s. Tbw seemfr to have be^i^ thekst 
o^ the* ABBo^rPB, after wliich, the power w» Ibdged in a Coxibsn^ 
DATOR, ta which office AtexantJer Cunmn^ame, third son of 
Alexander S^h JBarl of Grlencaam, (who demolished the Moniuk 
try,)' was the. first that was promoted. Previowr to thk time^ the 
practice of alienating the Abbe^laffids> hod. crept in at least as 
Mrty a» in VSB9i Fots the Abbots mgaciomiy ^eseeing the 
fali of tlteir' order, took enre te pTO¥ide:fOT the good of their owot 
conpoetians' by pareelliog out cwners here arid there of the Ab** 
bey landis among them. Their aueeessara^ the Commendfttors, 
were* nothings behind them* in fbRowing cmt this good custrah 
Hhe first eS diem, the aibove Alexander, era^rred*, m 15B3; the 
^•lodbfle estate (at thfit thne ;part of the Abbey lands) oF Mon(>* 
granofH on bis own son Alexander^ in whose ftmiily it remained' 
for some gener^itions. On the 17th Miay, 1592, the whole re<- 
raainmg Abbaey\(orHaJidome) was ereeted into ateraporal Lord- 
ships and grafted by Janiies VI. to William Me^ilte of Riift, then 
CommeT^lator^ who soon after disponed^tbe wh^e ^o- Hugh EiEir I 
of Eglinton, who, on the ^th Jtinel593j expedb a Charter froift 
the Crown, in which all this appears— -and it r^nain^ in the fa-* 
mify of EgHwton to this day. [See Eglinton genealogy.] 

^ajeiontgt — This mystery is thought to have been introduced^ 
into Scotland at the time of the building of the Monastry of 
Kilwinning, about the middle of , the 12th cetntury, by an archi- 
tect or master mason from the Continent, who brou^t over a 
number of operative masons with him to carry on the work. He 
Resided here> and, being a ^ide (sad true masoB^ was jdiosen maa-^ 


OF Cuitttinglwtnf ♦ 


ter of the meetings 'of the. bretlireny all over Scotland; laying 
down tules for all the Lodges, and deciding in all appeals from 
them. From this time down to the middle of the 15th century, 
tradition has recorded little else on the subject, than merely that 
the head meeting of the whole was held at Kilwinning. James 
L King of Scots, so eminently distinguished for his taste in the 
£ne <arts, patronised the Mother Lodge (as it was then called) of 
•Kilwinning, and presided as Grand Master till he settled an an- 
nual salary from every Lodge in Scotland, to be paid a Grand- 
|k[aster, chosen by the brethren, and approved by the crown : 
«nd who had deputies in the different counties and towns in 
Scotland. In the reign of James IL William Sinclair Earl of 
Orkney and Baron of Rosslin, was appointed Grand Master, an 
office which, by the same King, was made hereditary in his fami- 
ly. This Earl and his successors held their Head Courts, or, in 
the style of masonry, assembled their Grand Lodges, in Kilwin- 
ning. The most brilliant era of the order seems to have been in 
the 16th century, when an uncommon spirit for masonry existed 
in the country, emanating from the highly respected Lodge of 
Kilwinning, whose original acts and constitutions were adopted, 
renewed, or confirmed, and continue to be adhered to, invariably 
to the present times. The Grand Lodge of Scotland was insti-* 
tuted in 1736, and has the precedency, being composed of depu* 
tations from every Lodge in Scotland; but Kilwinning still ranks 
ns the first and Mother Lodge of them all. The brethren have an 
elegant Lodge in the town of Kilwinning, built nearly 30 years 
ago on a piece of ground obtained from the late Archibald Earl 
of Eglihton. Their Records extend back a long period, and con«* 
tain a succession of the 'Grand Mastersj Charters of erection to 
the other Lodges, daughters of the Mother Lodge, &c [See Sta** 
tistical Account of Kilwinning, .also Appendix.] 

3rc|yerp* — [Extracted from the Register of the Company cf 

Archers, dated Sept. 4. 1688;] — ^^* iShooting with Bow and Arrow 


«fe Batts and Papinga has been used and practised afe Kitwtniiitfg - 

farj the inbabitanta thereof for the apace of tji;ro hundred jeara^ 

ami uq^wardsL The- prise shot for at the game of the Papingo, in 

former times, was a piece of fine Persian tafietie, three e})s^ kmg* 

and three, quarters broad, of several colours, red, bluey greeit, 8car<-' 

}et, &c^ to the value of twenty pounds (Scots)^at least, whidi they 

termed a Benn. The penson who^ned the same, bj shooting 

down tbe Fapingo upon die disappointed for that efface, bad th€f 

said Benn tied about hia waste as. a bodge of honour, and'wa^ 

thereupon denominatetl Cadvainv and makings pafode tfarongk 

tbe town attend^ . by the &irmer Gipteins, each wearing about 

Ibeir waatea^the Bdnns tJisy had gained, and accompanied by the 

ceistof the AreherSiN. Each chang^keeper brought fortb to them 

aileand other liquorsv to drink the Captain's health, 8cc. The 

aaid ancient game turning into disuetude for seme few years, was 

restored and again renewed' at Kilwinning on the fourth day ot 

September Javi, (1600) and eighty^ight, by/ 

William Blaac of that Ilk, | Eranoi^ Bailliew 

Hugh . Montgomerie of Cdikfield 

Wm. BaiUie, inercht, Edinbui^h 

H. Stevenson, of Mountgreenan. 

J. Ferguson, writer, Edinburgh. . 

Mr. James Stevenson, Advocate. 

James M^Bryde, writer. Edin... 

As appears by the original constitution, wHo turned the|)rize, 
formerly used as above mentioned, into a piece of silver plate, and . 
erected themselves into a society^ and kept a register of their acts 
and cuMoms, their several meetings, proceedings, &c. Since . 
that erection several Gentlemen of note and distinction, through 
many places of the kingdom, have been admitted members of the 
said society, of which the index in the following pages gives a 
particular account*** So far the Register. — It farther appears, 
that Hugh Montgomerie of Coilsfield presented the Society with 
tile first prize at the buU9 in the year 1694; and down to the pre-- 

John Ewing. writer in. Edku . 
, William Hamiltoun. 
James Maxwell. 
Mr. William Rodgen 
Mat Frew, mer. Kilwinning. 
'And John Logan. 

Milt time the anniial prize is given by the senior member of the 
Society who hM npt before been put to the hdnour of the exf^ 
pence. It is generally some useful ornamental piece <^ plate^ 
seldom* of much valuer By the new regulations, the prize for 
ahootiikg down the Fkpingo (the 'representation of a Parrot in 
wood, affixed on ^a pole on (he tower, above IWfeet in height,) 
waif paid by the gainer of the- preceding year, and wais provided' 
to be not le«s than SQ shillings^n value. But in 1724, on a. sil* 
n^r «rrow (worth much more thanttlutt sum) being given by Da*- 
vid'^Mure, (aa original ' restores of the society,) taylor in Kil- 
winning, and then Baron Baillie of the legality, and won by him^^ 
self, which of course subjected hitii to provide or put &rth a siy^ 
milBJif prisre for the ensuing ye99 ; itf was enacted by the sodetyw^ 
that in all time coming, -the same arrow should conEtinue to be* 
the priae^ and that the gainer thereof yearly should aflbc to k a. 
badge of silver or gold, of^ the value at kast of fiire shaHinga^ $tB^ 
Khg, and which from that time? forward haa beeadone; the first 
badge being thi^ of the said BaiHie David Mure» It wn Smlkin 
enacted, that if any person gained the Papiogo six jeam m. sue 
cession, the absolute property of the arrow with! all its badges 
should beldng to him for ever, on paying five pounds^ sterling, 4o 
the Society^ This contingency has however never oooitred^. so 
far from the same person gaining it six years in successiojn» il has 
never l>een gained two years together by any^ Both these priaes 
continue to be shot for annualJy. The C!on)pany of Archers is 
still respectable, but is not so numerous 4^ in ancient times« 

<ZE0tat$jat anH iramiUctf^ 

MoNKCASTLB«-~This estate is situated in the north-west coi>» 
ncr of the parish* It extends to upwards of S60 acres,, part of 
it rising into pretty steep banks, but nearly all arable. . There is 
more than 30 acres in wood, some of it very fine old timber^ and 
the rest very thriving young plantation. The old Manor-plaoe 
still remains, almost hid among its coeval old trees, but a 

196 FABTICULAR ]>££rCRIPTION * "[F^mfc ^. 

mansion has lately been erected by the present proprietor^: in. e. 
more modem and elegant stile, in a very commanding situatiooyi 
overlooking a great extent 'of country. 

This property belonged in former times to the Abbey of KiU. 
winning, as might be inferred from its name^ The first lay pro*; 
prictor on record, was James Duke of Chattelherault, who,, oil the 
20th July 1552, got a Charter >of the Over and Nether .Monki**- 
castles, which continued for sometime in his family— but howy 
long, I have no information. Only it should seem, tliey became 
aftcrw^urds the property of a faftiily of. the name of Hay. In I666r 
John Hay.of Monkcastle convieyed these lands and the adjacent 
lands of Crasgmill (that had also belonged to the Moriastry) to 
John Wallace, niimster of the Largs. In 1708, George Wallace 
eofareyed them to jAdam Cuninghame, Advocate, whose sisteft 
Jean, with iconsent of her husband, David Forrester- of Denovan^ 
alienated them in 1723 to ' * ^ 

I. Al;bxand£r Millee, merchant in^Glasgow, the first of the 
pTeAedt &mily who had these lands* He died soon after, and was 
succeeded. by his brother, 

II.' WiiiiiAM MiLLEB, who was served heir of conquest to him 
6n thd 26th August 1725. About the year 1780 he married 
Jean, second daughter of William Nitnmo of Bridgehouse, in 
liihHthgowshire, by whom he had two sons; (the sec<md;son, Alex- 
asider, wai a^merchant^in -London and died' untnarried in 1760l) 
He died in 1757 at the age of 97? and was succeeded by Jiis eld- 
est son, 

' III. William MatEE of Monkcastle, who, about the year 
1773, married Agnes^ eldest daughter of George Cuninghame, 
of Monkreddin, by whom he had an only sbn, 

IV. Alexander Milleb, who, on his father's death, in Dec. 
1802, succeeded him in Monkcastle, and is the pf^fsent proprie- 
tor. In 1800 he married Miss W. J. Warner, eldest daughter of 
the late Patrick Warner, £sq. of Ardeer, by whom he has three 

fKiLWiXMNO,] OF €unninBl)amf. 197 

•sons : 1. William ; 2. Aletander-Cuninghame ; 3. Patrick : and 
•six daughters: 1. Agnes; 2. Helen- Warner ; 3. Jane-N}mmo{ 
4. Janet ; 5. Catherine- Anne ; 6. Rebecca-Henrietta. 

He is proprietor also of the lands of Nether Hillhouse, in the 
.parish of Tprpicheny West Lothian, in right of his grandmother^ 
Jean Nimmo. And likewise of the following lands in Cunning- 
hame : I. Hill of Auchintiber in this parish, and superiority of 
Megswell, purchased in 1756; 2« Bedland-Hill, purchased in 
1765; 3. Windy-edge, purchased in 1^10, both in Dairy parish. 
In 1797, he was admitted a member of the Faculty of Advocates 
in Edinburgh. 

This Gentleman retains a considerable portion of his lands in 
his own cultivation. Ever since his accession to the estate, he 
has been in the practice of breaking up his old leys, not by the 
plough, but by the spade, and this to the extent, sometimes, of 8 
or 10 acres in a season. The expence is ^m £2 15s. to £3 
10s. an acre, the first year, and from 36s. to 2 guineas the second 
year, after which he considers the ploi^h as equally eflfectud in 
pulverising the soil. The crops, from delving^ have been imiform- 
ly good, dMRg much more than compensating the additional ex- 
pence, producing double, or i&om 60 to 70 bushels an acre from 
the spade, where from the plough litde more thim 30 could have 
been expected This practice, were it to become general, would 
involve in It most important consequences. It would not only 
have an effect to increase the general produce of the soil, but 
would increase that class of the population, whose religious prin- 
ciples and consequent habits of industry and sobriety have been 
the least contaminated ; and the remuneration for whose labours, 
so congenial. to the human ootastitution, has been the least sub- ' 
^ect to fluctuation of any. 

Dalgabvan. — ^This property is situated next to Monkcastle 
«n the south, and extends to upwards of 200 acres. It is all good 
land. The Earl of Ghisgow has about the half of it There is 


19$ MsncmiAt tOBScmipriON [Varisk o/ 

here a pletMiit smaU village^ in whidi, or .adjacent to it, theless^ • 
er proprietors have tbeir respective hi^itations. Tins also b&> 
longed to the Monastry of Kilwinning. . 

HXGUr Smixhston»**-<^ Southwards £tom thaprecedmglJiese lands 
are situated ; bdong to j^lr. Dunlop^iUHi extend to about 50 acres 
of good land) as ^Iso ta 

BE00MHU.1U adjaceat, extending to 30 acres or more, bdoug^^ 
log to Mr. Doaald. This last doee not appear in the Cess BoU 
ear' Vaiued Rent. Both havecfuiti^la houses. 

SMiTHSTOK.***-*Tbia property is situated neoit south from 
High Smithston just mentioned, and stretches more, than a mile 
«a leagtii from the high grounds marching wiUt the parish of 
ArdroasaU) to withui a mile of Kiiwinnkig, touching upon the 
Garnodi^^watefv . It extends to upwards of 400 acres, nearly all 
rood acahle ]aad» with a. considerable portion of omamanta) plaDe^ 
^ioQ^ The present manar^^^faice lately erected on the lower eei^ 
treiu^ of the: huids, though a plaia^looking mamiofi>» poseemes 
giraat aeopxniaodatioft. It bolaags to the represeatatirea of th^ 
hrt« AleXMtdeic Ma^^own* Esq^ who died in the prime of life, «h 
bout five yean agOr amid the fegeets of everf pencm who knew 
hiiO# This family is desomded from a worthy Presbyterian mio- 
ister ia Gallowa^rt who lived in the reign of Charles IL, and waa 
poasesaad of oooaiderafale property in Burroi^h acres, and Houses 
la the town of Dumfriesi and from whom ia descended, matem 
■ally» the families of Coraaa of -M^ikle Knox and Copland of. 
GolilmtWL • His son> 

I. TuoMM Macoowm waa.somedaaeFtov^a^ of. Irvine, and 
m 1^00 imrchfeed this gnit t e of fiHoath^toQ, from <fohn MiHer, 
^ &rjq$eff .pn^pnetoir. In liSTft he marrieal Margaret, daughter 
of the Rev. Mr. £3uiw, minister of Irvine, by MihonLbte< hud a eon 
Md tiRQ dIughtMli Th» jpuogest danghter, Anne, was married 
tp John Cnmmiiigk M.D. Irvine ; tha other died uomanried. . He 
4i9d 19 171 1, dud was turaeeded by hiis soo, . 


OF Cunitingfiame^ 


IL Albxaiidee Macoqvn of SmitiistDB. Hi .mftrrkd^ in 
171 Oil Miss Maxwdl, daughter of James MaxweH^ Eaq. of Bam-? 
deagh in Damfries^ire, (of whom the present &inily o^ Bam^ 
deugfa^) bj whom he had issue^ fbar sons aad three cbiighiers. 
He was succeeded by his eldest bo/I) 

III. Thomas MaOQOWM of Smithston» who Vas bom in 1718| 
and 4icd on the 21$tJ}ec. 1791. He was' thrice OMrried: l^t to 
Katlurme Lorimer> danghter of m - i . i i Lorim Wt shipmaster in 

SalteQeta^by whom he had up issue; Sdly, in ApvS; l7SQ%to 
Helen, daughter x>f. the Bev« Robert Bairdb^: minister of Xkmlopi 
bj whom he had & son. and a daughter; 3dly» to Agi^^ d^ugb^ 
ter of^ n ■ i . 1 Hoiiiei( shq)m4istei: iia.SaftcMiata^withdaitiaaiMu: Hfi 
wfHi BUDoeeded }»y bis ooly son^ 

IV. AiiEvaKDiiB Maooowv of Snaitbsl«i^:wharwa^».€a0tam in 
ilie:3d or Irvine AcgiL of Ayrsbirrlooal MBkiap resided geawaltj 
his eitaley which he improiedt and beautified Mniidenbly wHik 
plaotations). apd buik the pfesent hoaseii He died en. iktf 8lh 
Not. 181& He married on the 7Ui May 1804» iaaeft Tbd* fetwOt 
daughter of Robert Tod, Esq. of Knwkendiiie, badmr-ia IrviiMj 
by whom be had h Marion ; 2. Thmoflis; Q. Akxandeiri 4 . He- 
lper md 5. Robert 

V. TimMijy the eldest soe» is nmr,. sif Smid«rtpn«^ 
AsHOROVE — Is situated southwards of the bife iwotiewedblM^f 

and Ths WooD,.tQ tbe eaatwand of there. IWy bdongbefb to 
Mm^ J^OEprman^^aed extend te from 800;to 4fl0 acnM» The lattai 
is remarkably good land, and being situated near^to tbetoipn of 
SilwfMUAg, Mwlers it s^ more v^iamtk^^ The foimei is situa- 
ted about a. mile ^ westward fix>m EJlw«uiinig,rOn tbe«coi^£6 of 
tfda paiisk >with dmse c£ Aidross^n/ and Stereestoniu andi theiigH 
i|6t ekogether so. fBctile^ jiaturaUy, is weH cuiCiwated, 4i«d in prc^- 
gress of further improvement The house, though at firsit ieteed^ 
ed for a. suit of offices only, has bceo^ by sonie judicious alterati<*>- 
CQB^i^erCed into a^oommodlQae raidenee ; jsirlnlsfc the soreomwU 



ing lands are sheltered and ornamented with a considerable ex- 
tent of weil-4irranged plantations. This was the ancient Ash- 
in yards, long the residence of a branch of the Craigends family^ 
from wliom is descended the present proprietrix and represent 
tative of the family of 

Cunmngl^ame of fliitiinsttrftK. 

From Alexander the first Earl of Glencaim, (arid 13th gene- 
ration,) who was killed in 1468, at the battle of Sauchie-buriit 
was directly descended the^inily of Oonninghame of Craigends: 
the eeednid' in descent of whcMn was Gabriel Cunninghame of 
Craigends, who was killed at the battle of Hnkie in 1547* By 
his Lady, a^dau^terof Livingstoti of Kikyth, he had two sons. 
The eldest, William, succeeded him in Craigends; the 2d son» • 
X JAkn, was anoestof a& the &miiy of Ashinyaids. [See 
Crawfimi's Ifist of Aeafrewahire, article Ccaigends]. What fol* 
lows in ^8 dedadiion is irom the family writs-— in which he is 
designed Can^erapuu de Kihnnnmgf and acquired, in 1567, the 
hnds cS M$eMidrd$ ircm John Russel, the former proprietor. 
He ^as»flU€ceeded by his son, 

IX. AiiEXAKi»a, to whom in his lifetime he executed an in- 
strument of resignation, and in favours also of Marietta Flemings 
spouse of the said Alexander, dated in 1594. The next in suc- 
cession menti<Hied is 

James CuKNiNCHiUME of Eissenyards, brother and heir of 'the 
late Alexander. He must have died before the 28th July 1627f 
for on that day 

HL James Cu^miyoHAifx of Eissenyards is ntoured heir t6 
his father, James of Eissenyards ; and in 1637, the same James 
has a Charter* to him, and his spouse, Jean Camipbell, of the lanidt 
of Eissenyards and others. The next that appears in the fiunily 
papers is 

IV. William CcNKn^GHAME of Ashinyards and Whitehirst^ 
who in 1664 received a discharge &om Hugh Earl of J^lintODf 

^KILWINNING.] OF CunniitglHinif* SOl 

af some encumbrances a£PectiDg bath these properties. On the 
25th Jan. 1671 he was reteured heir to his father^ James Cuning* 
ihame of Ashihyards and other lands. In 1673 he was appoint- 
ed tutor to Sir William Cunninghame of €unninghamehead. In 
rl712'he disponed his whole lands to his son-in4aw, Andrew 
JVlartin of Clochridge ; the date of the disposition being the 5th 
of May in that year. He had a son and two daughters. 

Adam Cunningharae who in 1709 is designed younger of 
Ashinyards, in the Archery records of Kilwinning. It should 
.seem that he died soon after this,' and before his father^ probably 
unmarried. The daughters were, 

1. Elisabeth, of. whom afterwards, and * 

. 2. , who was tnarried to the above Andrew Martin of 

Clochridge, who^^afterwards by purchase, or proiyably iii part by 
dowry with his tvife, became sole proprietor of that instate, and 
various other possesaioiis,HasWhitehirst, Nether Mains hiid'otiteis 
.attached to it^condii^ing' of several houses and yards and^rdfts 
in Kilwinning, Corsehill, Beith and elsewhere. * ' -' 

Andrew Martin of Ashinyards, died before the '20th Febiruary 
.1739, as on that day his son, . . >i 

% Artluir Martin of Ashinyards was retoured heir to his^iher 
^ in these lands. ' , He left a son and two daughters. The son went 
ito .the West Indies ; was married there, and • had two children 
who died ypung, and he died there himself at an eairly p6ri6d of 
Jifer The daughters were 

1 . Margaret, who married a Mr. Glasgow, and 
f> ?• Magdalane,'Whomarrieda Mr. Sommervilte, ' 

. They became co-heiresses of Ashinyards, but both their fa* 
tmilies being in sti'aiHened circumstances, their trustees, by a ju- 
dicial sale in 1766, 'disponed the lands to 'a near relative of the 
family^ John Bowman, Esq. Lord Provost of Glasgow, who wais 
descended, . nliateriTially, from the family of Cunhinghame of Ash* 

itayardsi thus ^ ^ - 


202 namcvLAR dssobiption [Parisfi ^f^ 

V. Elmabsth Cunnikghame, eldest danghter of the last Mr... 
Cimiiinghame of Ashinyards^ married in 1695 John Bowman, 
Esq. an eminent merchant in Glasgow, .and who was afterwards 
chief Magistrate of that city in the year 1715. Their son, 

VL John Bowman, who was also at one time Lord Provosts 
of Glasgow, married in .1734 Miss Houghton of Dublin^ by whom 
he had two sons and two daughters. 

1. John, the eldest son, went to North Americq. about the 
commencement of the contest betwixt Great Britain and her oo- 
lonies, where he married a Lady of fortune, and died there, leav- -. 
ing a family in affluent circumstances. 

2. Houghton, the second son^. married Miss Vere, a Lady . 
£rom Dominica.. 

1. Anne^ the eld^ daughter, of whon:^- afterwords. 

% Elisabeth, the second daughter, married first Jbhn Weir** 
Vere, of the island of Dominica, uncle of Miss Vere above men->- 
ttoned ; . and. secondly, Robert Tennent, Esq. of Gksgow ; but 
has no family alive. . 

John3owman, £sq« of Ashinyards, (Altered,. in bis time, to 
AsHGROVE,) bought also the lands of Mountgrenan in this parish, 
kil77&, from ■■■ ■ Stevenson^ and sold them ags^in in 1794 to 
Robert Glasgow, JBsq; the presentpfoprietorj- He died in 1796, 
when by a speciaLdestination he waa succeeded in A^grareand^ 
other property in the parish, by his eldest dau^ter, 

VII. Anne Bowman,^ who married Miller Hill Hunt, a Cap- 
tain in the 6th Regiment of Foot» who served under the Duke 
of Cumberland against the Rebeb in the year 1746, at the battle 
of Cttiloden, where he received an wooad.!. He died in 1783. His 
^rand&tb^, Lteut.-(]!oloQel.Hunt, was an officer of distinguished ^ 
abilities and great zeal for the service, whicR he manifested, pai^ 
ticularly atone time in Spain, mider the renowned Earl of Peter- 
borough, wbere» from his owb private fortune, he joined the other 
officers of the Regiment in advancing pay to the troops, when 

KILWINNING.] 6» cunnbigljaml* • 203 

aeglected by the Ministry at home He died Lieut-^Colonel of 
Dormer's Regiment His own father, Captain Abraham Hunt^ 
was bred also in the Army, and saw a great deal of service, like-* 
wise in Spain under Lord Peterborough and^ Grenerai Wade, 
having been in the severe actions of Almanza, Brihuego, and 
Sarragossa; as also at the seige of Barcelona, and the taking of 
Minorca. After serving long as a subaltern, and having seen not 
fbwer than 16 junior officers promoted over his head, he present- 
ed a menrorial to the Duke of Devonshire at that time Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland^ which had the desired effect, as his Grace 
introduced him personally to the King (Greorge IL) who at otiee 
appointed him to a company, and when the Regiment was order^ 
ed to embark with the expedition, to C^rthagena^ under Lord 
Cathcart, his Majesty caused it to be signified to him, that on a<v 
count of his long services and worn out constitution, he would 
excuse him from going to so bad a climate, and provide for him 
at home. But Captaiu Hunt declined to accept of this indul- 
gence, as being inconsistent with his ideas of honour and duty, 
to have received pay so long and then to flinch in the hour of 
danger ; so he embarked accordingly, and died In that disastrous 
expedition^ through the influence of climate^ at Carthagena in 

Anne Bowman, who^married ais atbre Capt Miller Hill Hunt, 
had three daughters to himr : 

1. Maria, ^ho died young, 

2. Margaret Arnie. 

3. EUza Ballantyne, ttifttlrfed the Honr. Roger Rbllb, brother- 
to Lord KoQo, and^has issue. 

And she bersfelf died in 1811, when she was succeeded by 
iier eldest remaining daughter^ .. 

VHL MAitGAftEt Annk HuNtj who m consequence of faer , 
nodiet'a destinatioA, takes now her gratidfather's name of Bow^- 
MAN,^ as also his Arms, and is now proprietrix of Ashgrove, &cr- 

294 PiirRTicULAK DESCEiPTiON \^anih of 

farmerly Ashinyardsj when possessed bj her maternal ancestors, 
the, Cunninghames. The Arms are Or, a chevron betwixt two 
Bows braced in chief, for Bqwman ; and a shakefork in base,, 
Sahhy for Cunninghan:ie. Crest, e quiver of Arrows in palet 
proper ; motto, Subumia Cures** 

Eastward from Ashgrove are situated the lands of .White- 
hirst Park, Laigh S^ithston, Woodside, Bellsfaulds, Town- 
head OF Byres, and siindry peQdicles around the Byres and Kil^- 
winning, with part of th^se towns, belonging to Lady Mary 
Montgomery Burgess, and extending to 300 acres, all good land. 

Nether-Mai xs and. Lonqfqro,, (lately purchased;) Black-? 
LAKDs, Delgaw, .Mt;iRsiD£ and sundry pendicles around Kilwin- 
nifig, togethercwith a, great part of the town itself, belong to the 
Earl of Eglinton, extending to about 300 acres of very fertile land* 
,,i West Doura, and the JC^ubs, belong to Messrs. Crighton,and 
^tend to above 180 acres good' land. 

• Woodend, part of Woodside, PattistoNj and part of White- 
piRST, extending from 60 to 70 acres, all excellent land, belong 
to Mr. Burns. 

I/Byrehill, on the south extremity of the parish, belongs to 
W^.,Dean, E^q. in Stewarton, consists of about 70 or 80 acres, 
partly sand and partly ^ marsh land, greatly improved of late by 
tli0 tenant, William Logan. 

Stors, adjacent to this, belongs to W. and A. Ramsay, con- 
sists of nearly 40 acres of good land. 

Cranererry Moss, nearer to Kilwinning, is good land^ far bet- 

* There appears to have been two distinct branches of this faimljr, proprietors, 
during the same time, of different parts of the property. Namely, Cunninghame of 
Ashinyards as above, andCuNYNGHAME of QuhftfkirH. Thecxistenoe of the White- 
hirst family appears, from two different Retours, one in 1614, of Robert Cunning- 
hame as heir to his mother, Mariotta Fleming, (which Lady appears also in the Ash- 
ijnysitds papers about the same period), and another in 1636, of Robert Cunynghame 
as heir to his father, Robert of Quhy tehirst. In 1 Q64ei Whitehirst appears to be con- 
joined with Ashinyards, and part of the lands of Whitehirst is still comprehended in 
t^e Estate of Asbgrore. 

KIL WINNING.] OP Cumtingfjame* 205 

ter than the name would indicate. It belongs to Wm. Bojle, Esq. 

ToD^HiLLs, (John Brown, Esq.) partly sandy and partly a mar^ 
«hy soil, about 30 acres in extent, and is now undergoing great 
improvement There are many other small possessions in the 
Ticinity of Kilwinning^ (for which see the Table of Valued Rent,) 
Almost all very fertile. 

Eglinton.— This great property is the most southerly on the 
east side of the Garnock, and extends to upwards of 1700 acres 
in this parish, of arable and woodlands, within the park of Eglin- 
;ton, or in its immediate vicinity, exclusive of more than 1000 
acres, conterminous, situated in the parish of Irvine. The park 
itself extends to upwards of 1200 acres, there are upwards of 400 
acres in it of woodland, aod is situated in both parishes. The 
Castle is situated in the parish of Kilwinning. A description of 
this magnificent seat of the Earls of Eglinton, with all its woods, 
.its gardens, its waters, its walks, and its approach roads, is what I 
shall not. attempt : su0ice it to say, that it is. equalled by fewpla* 
ces in Scotland ; perhaps surpassed by none. 

^ontgomet^ OEarl of €giinton« 

This famUy is among the most ancient of the Scottish Nobili* 
,ty, and is of Norman origin. Roger de Montgomery, cousin to 
William the Conqueror, commanded the van of his army at the 
battle of Hastings, 14th Oct 1066. He was afterwards raised to 
the dignities of Earl of Arundel and of Shrewsbury, and obtain- 
ed immense possessions in the south and west of England, more 
especially in Shropshire ; and also in Wales, M^here he acquired 
that jfiue tract of country on the upper banks of the Severn, since 
called the Shire of Montgomery, from himself. In the after con- 
tests betwixt Kobert the eldest and Henry the third son of the 
Conqueror, the Montgomery family adhering to the party of Ro- 
bert, which was unsuccesful, lost the greater part of their posses- 

The first of the family who came to Scotland, Douglas says^ 



was FhiHp^' the fourth son of Roger Earl of Shrewsbury— but 
this seeihs r^isr doubtfiiL It Js at least better ascertained that^ 
I. Bx>]i]&]rx^ m: Mundegcmeei, who accompanied Walter the 
High Stewftid from Wales, was the founder of the Eglinton fii- 
ttUy- This was in the reign of David I. {inter \\^iet 115S)and 
frbm^the' High Steward he obtained the valuable estate of Eagles- 
hame in the county of Renfrew, which has continued ever since 
in the iamily. It is supposed that Walter also conferred on htm 
hb daughter MMjyoty to wifis, bemg the only assignable reason 
&Kt the above great donation inland. He died in 1177. His 

XL JoBff nft MoNTGOMBST IS supposed to hare been his son. 
He maKfifii Helen^one of the daughters of Robert de Kent, with 
wImmdi be dttained « third part of the lands of Innerwick in East 
' liOtkiaii. 

HL Ajum de Mcxs(Pxeo]»B¥, his^ so»^ succeeded him m the 
Ifeadu of Innerwick snad in Renfirewshire. He i» a Wftn^ss to se- 
veral Charters betwixt the yesvv 1208 mi 1282. 

IV. Robert ns MoKTSOiaaYy his son^ snceeeded him, and 
apfieara as a witness in a donation to the Monks of CddRngham, 
in I25& Be wasi^ succeeded hj his brother John*, who <fi^ed in 


iSBJU idia had ftmr sons : John^ Morthaw^ Thomas, aff mentron* 
ad m Ae Ragman RoU, asid Alan, ancestor of the Montgomeries 
q£ dtahase He was snceeeded by his eldest son, 

V. Jomr DB Mo^msoMBRY, designed del eonte de Lanark m 
ifan Ragman Rott>in: 1296— ^but this, in tihtoseda^rs, comprehend- 

¥L Ajlexandbb bb* MoHTGOMsirr. is the next of whom any 
fluoid makes mestion. ' In 1368 he obtained a passport from 
Bngfamd to go abroad^ with ^ retinue of 60 horse, which shews 
Utt to iHRe heea a.maa of considerable nm k. It is not impTobable 
that he was the grandson of the preceding, but as no other ap- 
pear&betamst «hcm, be shafi be here held as the son. The^ nextw 
ia succession is 


KiLwrnyma.] of cunninfl^amei sot 

VII. JohK Wl MoK¥66M£Rt of Eaglesbame. Tti^ year of 
his duccession to the laddk in ndt kndfm^but he is greatly renowned^ 
in the history of th^ times, and for his signal bravery at the battle 
of OttArburn (the Chevy Chade, ift l^ndalry lore^) on.the 21st 
July 13^5 wheTC ha took the teddubtable Heiiry Pereie prison- 
0r, and with whoM rtuMom^ it is soid^ he built the Castle of Pul* 
nooii^ now in ruins, at Eagleshartlei He married in 1361 5 (ac*- 
cotdlKig to Nisbet,) Elisabeth^ dauber and sole h&iress of Sir 
Hn^ d4 Eglintolk of Eglihton, iti the oounty of Ayr, through 
nhich tnatriige th# gr*9t; estates of Eglinton and Ardrossan were 
flcqtiiMdto bis family. By thii Ladj^ he had thtee sons : L John ; 
9* A^xaadst^ who, in 138^^ got from his mother, the lands of 
Boiiffytdti in the county of £dinbiirg|h, with the consent of her 
eldest son,r Jdbit, ddsigncd^ during Iris father's lifetime, ^ Of At-* 
df&ssais^'' 3* Sir Hv^h, who aiitendinfg Eatl Douglas at Otter*- 
bi^rn, fetl gaUaotly at that batilei* 

The Eglintons of E^inton were a^ family of gr^at distinction,^ 
aoA df imdeni date. In liOS Rodolphus de ^intoA. appears 
In a exAi tract wkh the town of Irvine, and it should seem was the 
tM& and b€»f ^ Hugh the soil of BfyoG,i%ie son of Eglito Ltod 
i4 %lhitOA in the reigfr of Makolrii Kin^ of Scots. Ftobably 

* If id^ mMd hy Dmjf^^f thae die Llktj EUsaWth de Sainton, wa^ the daughter 
of Sir Hugh de Eglintdn, by Giles or Eaedia Stewart, half-sister to Roberta Jl., who, 
pt^fittx^to !te"f nttfrtige* trft* Stt UxtgU, was Ae #M6# of 8k htr\^% LiM*f 6f 
Gntwlbrcly whoi he mj§f died ii 1S70. It would be impt>^ible| horwevefi that this 
Lady could ha^e been the mother of £[li9at>eth <fe E^finton, wl^o was niarfied to Sir 
John Momgoflrf6ff \it l$6i(. ^ood arg^^l &6 M^^innSi Batigl^i as t6' state, thtf flns 
•ftsSEhf x>f R<lb^t II.. was the wipdew of Sir David Lindsay of Crawfurd, who died in 
1356. But neitter ^iU tfiis account for Aer daujj^fef by Sff j^ugli it<? £g^ton being 
M#MgeaftI^ in' l5S^l^tl<St ^81 any dal^ o^tl^e ftfiirfiflge, af i lattei" pefiod, accoont fcyr 
Sir John Montgomery having by her a son, in fuli manhoods^ at the battle of Otterburn 
in tSSg.^ Tf he sotufiori of tlie v^fi'ofe se^rh's id ie th'is'— ^^ Sir ftifgh d6 E^f<tbft 
iMd 6eM ftP^ iffof/iedv Isl to the heiress of AMrossvtry by ^hoftt he Had i^n^, 
EKsabeth, whain 1S61, was married to Sir John Montgomery. 2dly to Lady Egedia., 
gfew^ftVafi^ ^^ i^^tk 6f IWt im Htrsbarfd 35* ^arftesy cW rath* Bk tmii Jbtttfia^, . 
l^ whem^ he Had nd-is^ie. He hm^self dMd nSt long^ after 1374, the last jear in 
which he appears in record-— and this will also account how his daugnter, tlie heiress > 
c^h^ itMhttitt Aifitcma, ha«! j«Mfr4tt- itiK^felt in fflai fif^t^ (M {Ani^rf^. 


Malcolm Canmore who reigned from 1057 till 1093. See Craw- 
furd's Peerage. In 1296 there is a Rodolphus de Eglinton among 
the Magnates Scotia^) who submitted to Edward L; and the last 
of them.mentioned, the above Sir Hugh d^ .Eglinton, was Justici- 
ary of Lothian in 1361. [For the family of Ardrossan^ seep.158.] 

VIII. John de Montgombry of Eagleshame, Eglinton, and 
Ardrossan, succeeded to his father soon after 1392. In 1423 he 
was one of the hostages for the ransom of James I., at which time 
his revenue is set down at 700 merksj whilst that of Hamilton 
is rated at 500, and of Gordon at 400. In 14^ he appears among 
the Lords in Parliament. Nisbet says lie was advanced to that 
dignity in 1427. He married Margaret, daughter of Sir Robert 
Maxwell of Caerlavrock. From the second son of this marriage 
are descended the Montgomeries.of Stanhope and of Macbeth- 
hill, the eldest Cadets of the family. The Glencairn and the 
Kilmarnock families, descended from his two daughters. He 
was succeeded by his eldest son, 

IX. Alexander second Lord Montgomery, who was in high 
consideration during the reigns of James L and James IL and 
held several public offices or emplojirments. He died about the 
year 1461 or soon after. He married Margaret, daughter of Sir 
Robert Boyd of Kilmarnock, by whom he had three sons and 
thr6e daughters. From the second son, George, descended the 
Montgomeries of Skelmorley. The daughters were n^arried: the 
1st to the Earl of Lennox ; the 2d to Lord Kennedy ; and the 
3d to Cunninghame of Glengarnock- His eldest son, 

X. Alexander, (Douglas calls him Andrew,) died before his 
father, in 1452. He married Elisabeth, daughter of Sir Adam 
Hepburn of Hale^, and by her had issue, three sons and a daugh- 
ter. Robert, the second, was ancestor of the Montgomeries of 
Braidstone, afterwards Earls of Mount Alexander \ Hugh, the 
third son, was ancestor of the Montgomeries of Hazelhead-— both 
families are now extinct. The daughter was married to Lord 

K1L WINNING.] OF Cunnmol^amf t ^)9 

Home, at that time Laird of Lainshaw and other lajids in .the 
neighbourhood. The eldest son, . f . 

XI^ Alexander, succeeded his grandfather, and. was third 
Lord Montgomery. In 1465 he had a Charter of the lands of 
Bonington and Pilton in the county of ^inburgh. He married 
Catherine, daughter of Lord Kennedy, by whom he had two sons; 
the second, James, was designed of Smithston. The eldest, 

XIL Hugh, fourth Lord Montgomery, was born about the 
year 1460, was creiated Earl of £]lglinton in 1507, and died in a 
good old age after the 3dr Oct, in 1545, the last time he is men- 
tioned in Parliament. In his time began the great feud betwixt 
the families of Eglinton and Glencairn, which seems to have been 
carried oh with much animosity on both sides for more than 100 
years, and attended with the loss of many lives. The first ^eat 
exploit recorded w^s the sacking of the House of Kerelaw and 
cariying off the goods, by this Lord, for which he got a remission 
from the Crown, in Oct. 1488. T\m was one of the principal 
messuages belonging to the Earl of Glencairn. The Cunning- 
hames do not seem to have been able at the time to retaliate, 
but they did not forget the visit ; but treasuring it up in their 
minds till about 40 years .after, they took their opportunity, and 
burnt the Castle of, Eglinton to the ground, ^nd with it all the 
family papers and Charters. Thift appears in a new Charter 
granted in 1528 by James V. This Earl appears to have bei^n 
implicated also in a feud again$t the Laird of Lochleven in Fife. 
In this he was joined with Lord Sempil, Sir Neil Montgomery, 
and Sir John Stirling of Keir» and for which they were all indud- 
ed in a summons for treason, dated 21st June 1526. Keir only 
was forfeited, as he was probably the principal in the transaction, 
but, in a short time after, was restored. The Earl married Lady 
Helen Campbell, daughter of Colin Earl of Argyle, by whom h^ 
had issue, six sons : 1. Alexander, Mc^ster of Montgomery, who 
died before his father was advanced to the dignity of Earl ; 2. 



John> Master of EgUnton ; 3. Sir Neil Montgomery the first of 
Liainshaw ; 4. William of Greenfield, who married Elisabeth, 
the daughter of Robert Frances of Stane, by which he acquired 
that property near Irvine ; 5* Hugh ; and 6. Robert, who, in 
1530, was bishop of Argyle. 

XIII. John, Master of Eglinton, was keenly engaged also in 
feuds with the Cunningham es, particularly with Craigends, as ■ 
appears in the Parliamentary Records in 1505, in which he is 
called ten different times to answer,.but does not once think fit 
to appear — but the matter seems to have been afterwards accom- 
modated. He was himself killed in Edinburgh, in the affray 
known by the name of " Cleanse the Causey," in April 1520. 
He married Elisabeth, daugliter of Sir Archibald Edmonstone of 
Duntreath, by whom he had two sons: 1. Archibald ; 2. Hugh j : 
and a daughter who was married to Douglas of Drumlanrig, and 
from which marriage are descended the present families of Buc- 
cleugh iand Qjieensberry. He was succeeded by his eldest son, 

XIV. Archibald, Master of Eglinton, equally of a keen and 1 
martial disposition. He took an active part in the-^ren counter at 
Mdrose on the 23d July 1521, against the Laird of Biiccleugh, 
and was next year at the affair at Lithgow Bridge, where the 
Earl of Lennox was slain. He died same year unmarried, when 
he was succeeded by his brother, Hugh, as Master of Eglinton, 
and who, on the death of his grandfather the first Earl in 1545, ■ 
succeeded him also, and became 

XIV. Hugh the second Earl of Eglinton, but lived a very 
short time, as he died on the Sd Sept. 1546. By his Lady, Ma- 
riota Seton, daughter of George Lord Setou, he had a daughter 
married to Kennedy of Bargeriy^ and a son,, who succeeded him, 

XV. Hugh third Earl of Eglinton. He embraced the party 
of Queen Mary, and having been on her part at the battle of 
Langside, 13th May 1568, he was forfeited in Parliament on the 
9th of August following, but the sentence was not inforcedj oai 

KiLWjyi^JNG,] OF .Cunningftame. 211 

^ 1 

tihef contrary, he was held in great consideration afterwards at 
€5ourt.- He m arr ied Margaret, daughter of Sir Joh n Drummond 
of InnerpefFry, by whom he had two sons : 1. Hugh ; 2. Robert 
ofGiffin; and two daughters: 1, Lady Margaret, . married to 
Robert first Earl of Winton j and 2. Lady Anne, married to Lord 
SempiL He died in ISSSj and was succeeded by his eldest son^ 

X VL Hugh fourth Earl of Eglinton, a youth of great hopes 
and singular endowments, but had the misfortune to be murder- 
ed, in the flower of his age, by John Cunninghame of Colnheath 
(Qonbeath?) and his accomplices, on the 12th April, 1586, leav- 
ing issue, by Giles his wife, daughter of Robert Lord Boyd, only 
ene son*, 

XVIL HoGH fifth Earl of Eglinton, who, during his minori- 

%<%»»»»%i% %%»%»»»%»%»>% >» » ^p % % *»%%%%*»»^<ifc»^%^<^%%%%»%%% 

* So«ays DougUs; but a more correct account is to be found in the Records of 
Parliament, lately published, vol. III. p. 479, of date 29th July 1587. « Act in fa- 
<( TOur of Robert Maister of Eglintoun. Forsamekle as. David Cunninghame of Ro^ 
« bertlandy Alexander Cunninghame of Aikett j John Cunninghame in Corshill, and 
<' the remanent thair complices, committers under traistof tlie maist vyle, cruel and 
« deteslahle murther of umwfaill Hew Erie of EgUntoun — were denouncit our Sove-- 
«« rane Lords rebellis and put to his Hienes horn,** &c. A commission by the « Secret 
Counsair on the 12th August 1586, and ratified by this act, was given to Robert 
Master of Eglinton, to expel these denounced rebels from the Place/ of Robertland and 
Aikett, to put in six men in the former and four in the latter house, at the rate of L.6 
per man per month, to be recovered from tlie readiest sums that could be raised on 
these respective - estates. Thns it continued till another decretc of the Secret Coun« 
sail on the 25th March 1591, and ratified by Parliament 5th June 1 592— whereby the 
Laird of Robertland was received into the number of his Majesty's subjects and res« 
tored to his PIa£e and lands^ but ordering him to give a full discharge to the Master 
of Eglinton for his intromissions. The same favour was at the same time extended 
td the wife of Atexander Cunninghame, stildd Dorodiea Ross Lady Aikett, who comt- 
plained bitterly of " the destruction of the policie of the^Awr of Aikett, housis, yairdis, 
<< OTcheardis and other growand tries, sua that the samyn has bene rwinous and laid 
<< .waist, but (without) door, windo, lok, ruif, or but ony repair, and the dewties pres- 
<< crivit, rigourouslie exactit^to the grit wrack of the puir tenantis quha ar not addetit 
«« in SA mekle mtil as is estortionat be thame." Her Ladyship however had to grant a 
disdkairge also to the Master of EgHnton for his intromissions, and to become bound 
ttader a penaky of 5000 marksi to reset .nrither her husband nor any other person con« 
cemed in' the above mtirder, while they lay under a process for it. It should seem 
diat Aikett was the principal in tliis murder, and as Clonbeath is not mentioned in any 
acagc of the process, he could, at the worst, have only been an accessary.— He was 
bofwever soon stain after this in Edinburgh, supposed to have been by the Montgeme^ 
ries,. who .certainly did not allow this murder to pass unpunished, but took stgnad ven*- 


ty, was placed personally under the guardianship of his maternal 
uncle, William Boyd of Badenheath, whilst his property and ter- 
ritorial rights were consigned to the management of his uncle^ 
by the father's side» Robert .Montgomery of Giffin, who it seems 
was called Master of Eglinton, (a very unusual appellation, sel- 
dom, or almost never bestowed on any but the eldest son or heir- 
apparent of a family,) and who died in 1602. In the following 
year this Earl obtained a very considerable addition to his for- 
tune by the acquisition of the Abbey lands of Kilwinning. These 
he acquired from the Commendator, William JVfelville, of the fa- 
mily of Raith, who, in conformity to a Charter dated 17th May 

1592, from James VL obtained for himself, his heirs and asaigneest 
heretably, the ^monastry and lands, &c. belonging to it, which 
were then erected into a temporal Lordship. The whole of this 
valuable donation,i the said William Melville disponed to Hugh 
Earl of Eglinton, who on the 5th Jan. 1603, (not on the 5th June 

1593, as incorrectly stated p. 192.) expedes a Charter of confir* 
mation from the Crown for the same* He married Elisabeth^ 
the only child of his uncle the Master, but having no issue, and 
seeing no probability of having any, he settled his lands and ho- 
nours on his cousin Alexander, son of his aunt Margaret, Coun- 
tess of Winton, and obtained in 1811 a Charter from the Crown 
in confirmation, with the precedency of the titles. He^ied next 
year at an early period of life, and his countess afterwards mar- 
ried Thomas Lord Boyd. The circumstance of there being a 
Master of Eglinton in this EarFs time, and a Countess of Eglin- 

^*%%^^ »%%%%%%»%%%% »%Xfc%%%%» » »>»^^»» »»»»%»%«» 

gtance on the Cunninghames for their concem in it. From this time> the fend that 
had continued so long betwixt these two great families appears to have beenjexhausted 
by exertion, or suffered to expire through mutual foibearance, and the two chief 
.Houses of Eglinton and Glencaim returned again^ not merely into habits of good 
neighbourhood, but even into those of friendship and of family aluance ^ and at the pre- 
sent day, the chieftainship of the one family by direct male descent, and of the other by 
the nearest descent maternally, is invested in the same person under the united names 
of Montgomery-Cunninghame. ^ 

MIL WINNING,] . OF ConiKni^iyaiim ^is 

too after Ms decease^ tnisled Douglas to conclode that the Mastet 
was bis son and the Countess his grandchild^ and so has he re- 
corded it in the Peerage. 

The succession now reverted to the issue of Hugh the third 
Earl, namelj to the son of his daughter, Margaret^ Countess of 
Wintoui whose eldest and second sons^ in succession, were Ewk 
of WintoUf whilst her third son, [the 17th in this genealogy,] 

XVIL Alexander, became sixth Earl of Eglinton, in 1612r 
Soon after his accession to the Earldom, an invasion of the rights 
of the fiimily was made by the Court, which conferred the Lord** 
ship of Kilwinning with all its pertinents on Sir Michael Balfour 
of Burleigh, by an Act of Parliament, on the 23d Oct 1612, and 
confirmed by a Qiarter dated 7th Sept 1614. Constituting him 
also a Lord of Parliament^ by that title— without regarding the 
Charter of this subject given to Hugh the kst Earl, in 1603, as 
above. This Earl, whose bold, undaunted spirit had obtained 
him the bye*name of Greysledj could ill brook the injustice. 
After remonstrating in strong terms against it, which led merely 
to a tedious delay, without coming to the pcnnt, he found it 3ie- 
cessary to wait personally on the favourite of the day, (Somerset,) 
and signified to him, that though he was little acqu^nted with 
the intricacies of Law-discussion or of Court etiquette, yet he 
knew the use of his sword; and, as a Peer, he was entitled to be 
heard, and to have justice done to him. This demonstration had 
the efi*ect to lead to an immediate inqtriry into the mferits of the 
case ; and finding his claims well founded, a Charter of confirmtf- 
tion of the ^mer was granted by a new one from the Crown in 
1615. This transaction led people to observe that he succeeded 
better with his Greysteel than by the Grey-gDose-qnill ; at>d hy 
that characteristic name .he is still reoollected in the country. 

In the unhappy civil war which afterwards arose in the tei^ 
of Charles L he took the part of the Parliament, and* wbs a'keeti 
Covenanter at that period. But in 1650 he embraced the Royal 


214 fSUmCVlAB DESCRIPTION f^Porith of 

party in attempting to restore Charles IL to the throne ; which^ 
though unsQCcessful at the time, he lived to see accomplished bj 
the peaceful restoration in 1660. . He died ia 1661 in the 7dd 
year of his age^ He married Lady Anne Livingston, daughter 
of the Earl of Linlithgow, by whom he had issue, five sons, and 
a daughter : L Hugh ; 2. Sir HsNitr-of Giffin ; 3. CoL Alexan- 
« DER ; 4. CoL JaM£s of Coilsfield ; and 5. Major-^General Bobeet 
Montgomery, highly distinguished in arms,.and for a religiow? 
and conscientious disposition. The daughter. Lady Margaret, 
was 1st married to the Earl of Tweedale, by whom she had* a son, 
William, ancestor ^f the present family of Hay of Drumelzier \ 
and 2dly to the Lord Chancellor,. Earl of Glencairn, to whom she 
had no issue. He was succeed^ by the eldest son, 

XVIIL Hugh, seventh. Earl of Eglinton. He.tookthe part 
of the King in the civil wars ; and in 1643 was ih the* battle of 
Marston Moor, whilst his father fought on the^ideof the Parlia- 
ment ip. the same action.. He was very obnoxious to theusurper, 
Cromwell, who excepted hinr out of his Act of Grace in 1654, 
and razed his Castle of Ardrossan, carrying, it is said, the mate- 
rials of it to Ayr, to assist in the erecting of a fort there. The 
&mily in the mean time retired to their Castle ia Little Cumbra. 
He married 1st Lady Anne Hamilton, daughter ^ the Marquis 
of Hamilton, by whom he had a daughter,- Lady Anne, married 
to the Earl of Findlater, and had issue, from whom are descend* 
ed, maternally, the present Earls of Findlater, Lauderdale, Hope- 
toun and Fife. He married 2dly Lady Mary Lesley, daughter 
of the Earl of Rothes, by whom he had issue, two sons. and five 
daughters : 1. Ai/EXakder ; % Francis of Giffin.. 1st daughter, 
Lady Mart, married to the Earl of Winton ; 2. Lady Margaret, 
married to the Earl of Loudoun ; 3. Lady Christian, married to 
Lord Balmerino ; 4. Lady Eleanora, married to Sir David Dun* 
bar of Baldoon ; and 5. Lady Anne, married to Sir Andrew. 
Bamsay of Abbotshall* 

XIX. Alexandei eighth Earl of Eglinton succeeded his fa*.- 
Aier in 1669. He entered early into the principles which led tO' 
the Revolution^ and enjoyed the confidence of King William, 
He married 1st Lady Elisabeth Crichton, daughter of the Earl of 
Dumfries, by whom be had issue, his successor; amda daughter 
Lady Mart, married*^ to Sir* James ^ A^ew of Lochnaw. He 
married 2dly, in 1698, Catherine, daughter of Sir William H, 
Qaintin, then in the-dOth year of her age : a most singular fact 
His Lordship was also her fourth husbands He died in 1701f 
and was succeeded by his son, 

XX. Alexanoee* ninth Earl of Eglinton. He took an active 
part 'in supporting Government at the time of the rebellion in 
1715, during which, in conjunction with the Earls of Kilmarnock 
and Glasgow, and Lord Sempell, he assembled 6,000 trained 
men at Irvine, ready to fight for King Greorge. He was endow- 
ed with great talents, of a prudential and accumulative nature^ 
redeeming the estate from many incumbrances, and increasing 
its value by pt^any purchases~4n n period of no very long extent, 
as he died in 17&9; He married 1st Margaret, daughter of Lord 
Cochrane, by whom he had two sons who died young ; and four 
daughters: 1. Lady Catherine, married the Earl of Galloway; 
2. Lady Euphemia, married George Lockhart of Carnwath ; S^^ 
Grace, married the Earl of Camwath ; 4* Lady Jean, married. 
Sir Alexander Maxwell of Monreath; all of whom had issue. 
2dly, he married Lady Anne Gordon,* daughter to the Earl of 
Aberdeen, by whom he had Lady Mary^ married to Sir David 
Cunninghame of Livingston, and had issue. 3dly he married Su- 
sanna, daughter of Sir Arehd^ Kennedy of Culzean, by whom he 
bad, 1. James, who died young ; 2^ Alexander, and 3. Archi- 
bald, afterwards in succession Earls of ^J^linton; 4. Lady £li^ 
s-ABETH, married to Sir John Cunnihghame of Caprinton^ and had 
iflsue ; 5. Lady Helen, married the Hon. Francis Stuart, son of 
the- Earl of'Moray^-<*no surviving issue ; 6. Lady Susan^ married 

216 FAftTieuUUC DESOftlPTION [FOTtlAf q^ 

John RenCon af Lammeirtbnf and had msiie } 7. liadjr MAxaAftET, 
married Sir Alexander MacdotiaJd of the Isiesi and head issue; 
8. Lddy FbanCcs } 9. Lady Chri8tiaN| mariied James Moisj of 
^Abercairniei and had issue ; 10. Lady Gracs, married Comet 
Bine, died i^ithout issue* Sus«mai his latft G>Uiites65 survived 
him 51 years, and died at Auchdns ia 1780> in her 94th year# 
He was succeeded, by his son, 

XXL Alexander tenth Earl of £glinton«-^A NoMemaa to 
wliose refined and correct taste mudb of the general improvemeftt 
of the country is owing : more especiiJly, from his example in en^ 
closing. and planting, as well as in the general sysrtein of husband- 
ry' introduced by him Over his widely-extended property in the 
flG^unties of Ayr and Renfrew. His, deaths which was deeply re* 
grett0d, was occasioned: by a shot l^e received fi^om Mungo Gamp«> 
beUs^iw officer in the Exdse, ip an unfortunate scuffle that. arose 
irom the latter being challenged for hunting on his grounds^ 
near to Ardrossan, on theJS^th Oct 176^ This happened about 
half an hour past 12 o^dk^^k, aad he died nepct nH>ming at iEglin-> 
ton Castle about one. He was $ucceeded by his brother, 

XXI. AacHiBAifP)^ eleventh Earl of Eglinton^ He entered 
nearly into the Army, and was in much severe service, particular-* 
ly in America during the war thi^t termipated in 1763. He rose 
gradually through t]pie ^various ranks, atd died .a General in the 
Army on the 30th Oe^. 179Q. He married 1st in 1772, Lady 
Jean Crawfurd, eldest 4^Pghter of George 18th Earl o£ Craw-* 
furd, but who died in 1778 without issue. He quarried 2dly 
Frances, only daughter, qf Sir William TwisdeA of Hoydon Hall 
in Kent, by whom he had issue, two daitghtefs ; 1. Lady Marti 
% Lady Susakna^ who died unmarried in 1B05« On his death b$ 
above, without male issue, the titles, w^h about one half of the 
landed property feU to his heir mal^, Hugh Montgomery of 
Coilsfield (of whom afterwards), whilst the .r^aii»der, besides the 
executory, fell to his two daughters, and u}tin)«tely (by destina* 
.l4on or by succession) wholly to the eldest. 

miLWiNNiAG.] OF cunninglwmtt M 

XXIL Lady Mary Montgomehy, who married on the fiSth 
March 1803 (then 16 years of age,) Archibald Ix>rd Montgom^yi 
eldest son of Hugh Earl of Eglinton, thus uniting the heir of en^ 
tail with the lineal branch of the family. Of thi9 marriage there 
^ere two sons : 1. Hugh } 2. Archibald, both of whom, after^ 
wards. Lord Montgomery dying in Jan. 1814, her Ladyship 
2dly married Ctiarles Montolleu Burgess of Beauport in the eoun-p 
ty of Essex, eldest son of Sir James Bland Burgess, by Anne, 
daughter of Col. Montolieu, and has issue, a son, Charles James 
Savile, born the 7th Oct 1816. The Earldom of Eglinton, on 
the death of Earl Archibald Jts above, was now taken up by 
Hugh Montgomery of Coilsiield, descended thus, [extracted 
chiefly from Wood]:-~ 

XVII. AtEXANDfiR the si^cth Earl of Eglinton, (first of the 
House of Seton,) and 17th generation, jodaternally of the Mont^ 
gomeries, jbad five sons, (see p. ^13) the 4th pf whom was the 
Honourable Colonel 

XVIIL James Montgomery of Coilsfield, which estate he 
acquired by purchase from tho family of Caprinton, with the 

tocher of his Lady, , o^ly daughter of iEneas Lord Mac^ 

donnell of Aros. By this Lady he had issue» two^ons and three 
4aaghter8;. 1. Alexander; 2. Hugh; 1. daughter, Margaret^mar-* 
ried to Chalmers of Gadgirth ; ^ Mary, to Dunbar of Machrir 
more ; and 3. Elisabeth, to S^eniiedy of Kirkmicbae}. He was 
succeeded by his eldest son, 

XIX* ALE:sAKp£i(a viho diod soon after, unmarried* ^His 

XIX. HuQH MpKTQo^fi^v, s^^^eded in Coylafield. Hemar^ 
rie^lst Jean, daughter of Sat W^n. Frimroseof Carringtoo, anoes* 
tor of the Earls of £oseberry, by whom he had three daug^ten : 
1. — ^, married H^pdiltQn of Letham ; 2. ■ ■>» naarried mi. ' ^ 
Girvan, Esq. and the 3d ^(qariri^ — r- ^raet, Esq. He mar- 
ried 2d}y Catherine Arhucklef widow of HamiltQiii of Letham, 

31 • 


by whom he had a son, Alexander, and a daughter, Margaret, 
married to John Hamilton of Jamaica, of whom Sundrum is des- 
cended. He was succeeded by his son, 

XX. Alexander Montgomery of Coilsfield, who, in 1738^ 
married Lilias Montgomery, heiress of Skelmorley, (see p. 82.) 
sprung from the original* House of Montgomery, before it was 
connected with the House of Seton, By this Lady he had issue, 
1. Hugh ; 2. Alexander, of Annock Lodge ; 3. Thomas, died in 
Virginia in 1 793 unmarried ; 4. Archibald, of Stair, who was iti 
the civil service of the East India Compan^y^ married Miss 
Chantry, by whom he has- issue, three sons, sttirKving — Archi- 
bald, William^ and Edmond; — 5. James, a Lieut.-General in the 
Army, Colonel of the 74th Regiment, and Member of Parlia- 
ment for Ayrshire;.!, daughter, Frances, nMrried James Ritchie 
of Bushbie, and left issue;: 3. Lilias^. married John Hamilton of 
Sundrum, and has issue;- 3«' Margaret, married John Hamilton ; 
of Bargeny, and died without issue. 

XXL Hugh, the eldest son, on the death of Archibald the * 
eleventh Earl, on the 30th Oct. 1798* became the twelfth Earl 
OP EoLiNTONr He was bred originally to Arms-— and had atrom- 
mission before he was 17 years of age — ^served during the greater 
part of the 7 years' war in America^ (ending in 1763)'^— and wasf 
14 years a Captain in the Royal Scots^ or 1st Regiment of Foot^ 
In 1778 he was appointed Major and ^terwards Lteut-Colonel 
in the Argyle Fencibles ; and in 1793 he raised the. West Low- 
land Regiment^ of which he- was Colonel, £(nd soon afterwards 
raised a Regiment of the Line called the Glasgow Regiment; 
which was reduced in 1795, when he had. conferred on him, the 
appointment of Lieutenant Governor of Edinburgh Castle, whicfa^ 
soon after his succession to the titles and estate of Eglinton, he 
relinquished, both it and the Army altogether, his active and 
energetic mind now finding ample employment in the manage- 
ment of his great und widely-extended landed property. He soon ^ 

KltmS'yiNG.] OP c'unningtjame: 219- 


after rebuilt, from the foundation, Eglinton Castle — rendering it 
one of the most stjitely niansions in Scotland— laid out on new 
grounds, the delightful gardens — enlarged the woodlands — re-or- 
ganised the whole approaches, and directed the waters^ all in a 
stile uncommonly elegant, and peculiarly his own— in fact, ren- 
dering the whole, in a manner a new creation — whilst his equi- 
page was among the most splendid to be seen ; and no where 
was such a numerous household kept in better regularity and 
order. In trtrth, he was magnificent in all his undertakings, and' 
pointedly correct in all his arrangements. He was thrice elected 
Knight of the Shire for the county of Ayr, which he resigned of 
course, on his coming to the titles ; but so soon as a vacancy oc- 
curredin the representation of the Peerage^, in 1798, he was elect- 
ed to that situation, and again in 1802, in which he 'continued 
till 1806i when he was raised to the British Peerage by the title 
of Lord Ardrossan. He waff also a Knight of the Thistle and 
Lord Lieutenant of Ayrshire.- He married his cousin Heanor,' 
fourth daughtier of Robert Hamilton orf Bourtreehfll* a Lady of 
inestimable virtues, and-the- most happy disposition, and who 
died on the 18th Jan. iSlT' By this Lady he had issue, two* 
sons and two daughters : 1. Archibald * 2.' Roger, a Lieutenant 
in the Navy, died when on thc^ public service, in Jin. 1799, at' 
Port Royal in Jamaica: the daughters were; 1. Lady Jean ; 2. 
Lady Lilias, married 1st ta Robert DUndas^ Macqueen of Brax- 
fleld, who died on the 5tb Aiig. 1816. 2dly on the 2Ist August* 
1817, to Richard Alexander Oswald, younger of Auchencruive. 
His Lordship died on the 15thiDec 1819, aged 80 years and 5 
days, and was succeeded by his grandson, son of his eldest son, 

XXIL AacmBALD LordMontgomery^ who was born in 1773 ; 
entered early into the Army as an Ensign in the42d Regt; was 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the Glasgow Regt, reduced in 1795 ; and" 
afterwards Colonel of the Ayrshire Militia, which he resigned in 
mOtJ.; and in 180^ W^as promoted, to the rank of Major-General* 


in the Army. Hp served in Sicily, in the years 1812 and 1813, as 
Commander of the British forces in that island. Removing from 
it, on account of bad he^th, he died on his way homeward^ at 
Alicaijt in Spaip, on tlie 4th Jan.. 1 81 4i from whence his remain^ 
were removed, f^i)d laterred at Gjbralter. He niarried I^ady Mary 
Montgomery, elde^f; daugl^ter of Archibald the eleventh ^rl of 
Eglinton, bywhoo) he>hadi^sue, two sops: h Hugh, born a( 
Coilsfield @4th Jan. 1811, afid resided s^erwards at £glintoa 
Castle, under th^ inzmediate care and j^olioitude of his venerable 
Grandfather, the }ate Earl. He >va$ ^ youth of great hopes, ado^ 
of a manly disposition ; bnt, being seized by th^t malignant dis- 
ease tljie Cronp, [Cyn^nch^ Tracbpali^i] tp which childrqn are p9- 
cqli^rly liable, ^ ^vhich is fo generally &ta|| \^ died, after m 
few d^ys' iUness, on the 13th July, 1817. An ^^g^t €oli4mo 
of white m^rble^ with an^approprjlAte in^ript|on, was erected to 
his menjory, in & setqnester^ spot among the yroQd« *iiear to £g« 
lintpp Cf^t\ef by his aflJic^e^ and mpst affeptipp^te Grjindlither. 
The i^econd son, 

>^}(ni. A4<:^H|BALD-WfLLiAMi was boTO at Palermo in Sicily 
29th Sept. 181^9 ^nd was bronght soon after tp Eglinton Castl^ 
where he continues to reside ; and on the death of his Grandfa- 
ther q.8 above, became the thirteenth IEarl of Eguktoi;. He 
is the 23d generation of all the three gr«at families he represents : 
namely, of £glinton; of Coilsfield; and of ^kelmorley, theJatS; 
being of the Mon ^ornery family direct, and which has flourished . 
with an unabated energy' of character, now upwards of 750 years 
since it came to Britain, and nearly 700 since it settled in Seotland 

DowRA and Patterton. — These laiads are situated next to £g<« 
linton oin the north-easjt. They belong to Sir James Montgome- 
ry Cunninghame, Bart, of Corsehill, and extend to nearly 4Q0 
acres arable, and abound in coal. 

Burro WLANB. — This is situated westward from Dowra, and in 
bounded also by the lands of £glinton jon the south. It extends 

f¥Na.] OP Cutmfngftame, 221 

£0 about 900 acres^ and lies upon coal. It once belonged to a 
family of the name of Brown, who were also proprietors of the 
lands of 'Nethermains in the parish of Kilwinning; for we find, 
by a Retour dated 5th May 1640, James &own served heir to 
his father, Robert Brown of Burrowiand, in the lands of Nether* 

James Brown left two daughters, and one of them, named 
Janet, married Alexander Blair, seccmd son of Mr. Blair of 6if- 
fordland. They were succeeded in the lands of Burrowiand bj 
their son, John Uair, whose wife, Janet Stewart, dau^ter of 
John Stewart of Shawwood, appears to have been in&ft in them 
in virtue of the provistoas in her marriage contract in the year 
1671. John was succeeded in 17^ by his son Alexander, . who 
died without issue, when the lands o£ Burrowiand descended lot 
the year 1742 to his brother, James Blair of Lodiwards. He 
was succeeded by his son, aiso named James, who was infeft in 
the lands of Burrowiand in Dec; 1754. James died unmarried i 
^hen the lands of Burrowlsind aiid Lochwards descended to his 
sister, Jean Blair, who was duly infeft in them in July 1762. She 
died in October 1804, and was succeeded by her only son, James 
Blair, as heir to her in the lands of Burrowiand and Lochwards. 
Mr. Blair died unmarried upon the 12th of June 1815, hav- 
ing, upon the 4th of July in the preceding year, executed a set- 
tlement by which he conveyed the lands of Burrowiand to Mr* 
Hyndman of Springside, one of his relations by his mother. 

MauNTGR£EN AN.— Adjacent, on the north, jto these last pro- 
perties mentioned, this estate is situated, and belongs to Robert 
<]rla$gow, Esq. of the island of St Vincent, but a native of Cun- 
ninghame. Part of it is in the parish of Stewarton. That porr 
tion of it in Kilwinning parish extends to 450 or 500 acreflb in* 
eluding the adjacent excellent lands of Upper Fergushill on the 
fiorth side of the Lugton. There is still some moss land on this 
property not yet reclaimed, but is in progress towards it : there 



Mte khojst so acres ia woodland, partly old timber, and partly 
thriving yOong plantation ; the rest is arable. Mr. Glasgow has 
set down here, a few years ago, an elegant and statdy mansion, 
in a fine commanding site, overlooking from amid its own woods 
a great extent of country cm the maitiland, as also the isle of 
Arran, with the intervening Frith of Clyde and its shipping, with 
the rock of Ailsa in full view^ though more tlian 30 miles off. 

This valuable property (in both^ parishes) belonged ancient- 
ly to a branch of the widely-sprMding. family of Ross, who pro- 
bably acquired it liom the de Morvilles perhaps 600 years ago. 
The last of them, of whom I see miention in public records, is 
John Ross of Mountgreanan, who appears in almodt every public 
deed in the reign of James IIL from 1478 to the unfortunate end 
t^that King's reign in 1488, in which he seems to have been : 
the pablic prosecutor or Kittg'^ Advocate ; and adhering firmly 
to the interest of that Prince^ hie wa&. afterwards impeached ia i 
Fkrliament by thie prevailing party, .. and on the 14th Oct 1488, 
found guilty of treason, and *^ domed [in the phrase of the times] 
^* to ibrfalt to our Sovrane Lord the King his lif landis office ' 
^ gudis movable et unmovable and all uther his possessjions he 
^ haid within the realme of Scotland evir mare to« remane with 
^ our said Sovrane Lord his airs'' &c But his talents as a states-- 
man were too well^appreciated to allow, that he should be dis- 
posed of in this manner. The ruling powers soon restored him 
again to favour ;, for on the 11th Feb.. 1489> he appears not only 
in Parliament but as a Lord of the Articles, and continued so in 
every succeeding Session down till the 20th Feb- 1491, when he 
isstiled *^ Sir John the Ross of Mountgrainen.'* ProbaUy he 
died soon after, as Us name does not again appear in record. It 
seems to have become the property of the Monastry of Kilwin- 
ning after this, at least it was so^-^-'in 1583, when tlie Commen- 
dator bestowed it, by a Charter that year, on his own son, Alei^. 
ander Cunninghame, and his spouse, Jean Blair } and in this (ki^ 

KJL fVINNlNG.] OF CuatiiitQ^trie* 223 

mdly it continued tiU in the year 16A% when it wbs acquired by 
Hugh StevenstoO) clerk of the Privy Council, oil the forfeiture of 
Thomas Cuaninghame^ the 5tb generation from the Commenda* 
tM. It remained with the Stevenstons till 1778, when it was 
acquired by John Bowman of Aahinyards, who in 1794 sold it 
to Robert Glasgow^ £sq« the present proprietor, son of Dr. Glas- 
gow of Fudevenholne of Kilbinaie>* and grandson to the Rev. 
JohjQ Glasgow, minister of that parish. 

Clokbkith. — This properijr is situated north from Mount- 
greenain — the . water of Lugt<m being betwixt them— and west 
from that of Upper Pergoahiir It extends (including Darmitle 
and S£V£)^ Ac&s») to nearly 500 acres, moat of it good anble land. 
This, also, bdodoged Anciently to the Monastry of Kilwinning, 
and was feued out by Alexander the Abb'ot» on the 31 st March 
1534, to an nobiM 9tVo, James Cuiunghame and his heirs male, to 
be held qf the Abbot of Kilwinning, for the yearly payment of 12 
n»erka, 9 capons, 9 h«Qsi, &c. and described as a 6 merk land. In 
a subsequent Charter, dated 28 Nov. 1 581, granted by John Cun- 
ningham^ to bis son Jameis, it is called the 6 merkMand of old 
eKtontof Clonbetth and /Mmemt^/e, with the mansioQ,&c. These 
Unds continued in possesaion of this family till 1633, when they 
were sold by D«vid or Daniel Cunninghame of Clonbeith, and 
Williaiw Cunninghame younger of Clonbeith, with consent of Sit 
William Cunninghame of Caprington for his interest, to James 
S(ioit, proresi of Iry ine. '■ This family of Scott seems to have been 
Cadets of the AliHeoie branch of the Buccleugh famiiy, and had 
also tlie. lands) of Scotr-Loch near Irvine, an,d different individu*- 
aka of . tbi^n: appeiar ia the records, as representing the Burgh of 
Irvine HI FasUamentt; at sundry times during the 17th century. 
They continued in possession of Clonbeith tilH694, when Walter 
Scott sold these lands to Jamas Park, who in 1695 sold them to Hew 
.CuoQi^gbam^d^signiodtntbedi^position '^ of Clonbeith," (in all 
g^babfcUty^ desomdant of the original proprietors who might still 


have retained the superiority). After this, on the 3d July Vl\% 
they were sold by George Canninghame, 6on and heir of Hew 
Cunninghame of Clonbeith, Writer to the Signet, to Ale:sanddr 
ninth Earl of Eglinton, and remain the property of his grands- 
daughter, Xiady Mary -Montgomery Burgess. The qld mansion 
of the first Gunningharaes remains ^till pretty entire, though 
.roofless, and is a oonspicuous object to the neighbourhood. 

MoNKRiDDEN. — Tbis property is situated westward from the 
preceding and adjacent to it. It extends to upwards of 680 acres 
of arable iand, including some old growing timber around its old 
mansion, and a considerable extent of thriving young plantations. 
This also, in former times, belonged to the well-endowed Mon- 
ustry, and has been alienated by feu, in different parcels, at sun* 
dry times, by the Abbots or Commendators. The earliest dis- 
junction I have met with is dated 20th July 1532, by Alexander 
Abbot of Kilwinning, in favour of Thomas Niven, and his spouse 
Elisabeth Crawford. There are several other Charters of other 
parts of it to the same persons, in 1548 and 1545. This proper- 
ty remained in tHe Niven family till 1698, when, on the 12th 
April that year, (after being augmented by the lands forming 
now part of it, of Hullerhill and Lyleston,) it was alienated hy 
William Niven of Monkridden, to Hugh Cunninghame before 
mentioned of Clonbeith. An >account of this. family now falls to 
be introduced. 

Cunningfiame formerly of ODtonliettf) now of i;9otifirijDlien» 

It is stated by Nisbet, [Her. vol. II. p. 43 App.] that Cun- 
ninghanie of Clonbeth is a Cadet of Glencairn, through Aikett. 
The Clonbeith he speaks o^ must have been he who was living 
at the time when he wrote this account, in the begiiinibg of the 
last century, namely 

I. Hew Cunkinghame, who re*acquired these lands from 
James Park in 1695, who had purchased them from|Walter Scott 
in 1694^ whose family had acquired them froin bis ^wji ancestors 

(as I presume^) who held them from 1584 till 1633 as aboTOi 
This Hbw was the first of Monkridden, and died previous to tl^ 
year 171 9« He was succeeded bj his ^sotn 

XL Geoege Cunninghame of Monkridden. He married ift 
1714 Agnes, daughter of George Dallas of Parklie^ representa- 
tive of an ancient and respectable family in LinlithgoWshirey by 
whom he had a son, George, and three daughters^ He died 
sbmeftime after 1729, Md was* succeeded by his only son^ 

IIL Georgs CtrNNiNOHiiMi of Monkridden. In 1752 he mar'- 
iried Janet, second daughter of John Gdmmel of Towerlands, by 
whom he had a son and four daughters : L Agnes^ mangled to 
William Miliar of Monkcastle, and had issue ; % Catherine, mar- 
ried to the Rev. Thomas Brisbane^ nminittfr of Dunlop, aad haid 
issue 3. Annfe, married to the Rev«*John Monteattl^ ininiiterof 
Hoiistoutt, and liad israe }> 4; l^rsafcedi, married to ' V" Haarrukon, 
who held mr oflBce m db^eEKcise^ £dinbur^. He died in Deci. 
1786^ and wai» succeeded fay }mrnAf son, 

IV. FEBdirssoMr CuibninmiiiMKc of Monkridden, the prewllt 
proprietor. : : . ' 

A^tm^fttiSiu^^T^me lands > sore situated east from ClonbeiCh 
atid Upper 1^9»gadtMy mtd anre dteraiioit easterly ki the pupisb^ 
They e^en^ to iAout 300 acre!, ontrfaalf o£ v^htch is getfd arfdble 
land, and the otfser Aiiwsy-iBoii^^nincdft o£ wfabcfa h still Urnreclaim* 
^; ttik-^ritM'j;! if possettwi hy & di:feffent iMroprtetoi^s^ c^ 
whom one is non-resident, and 5 reside in the nieav ifeigihboiif- 
hood of each other in Annhiiitibori i^liind of township, pleasant- 
ly situated among ita Iktle gardei^s at a* short distance northward 
from the water^pf I^ugton. , In 1609 there is recorded a ratifi- 
cation by Parliament,, in favpur of Gavin Hamilton, of Raploch, 
of an infeftment by the nmwtiile Alexander, Cbmmendator of 
Kilwinning in 1588, of an " annual rent of few ferme deutie from 
" the landis of Auchintiber Over and Airthmaid, of sextene bollis 

^^ meill, four bollis beir, nyne scoir auchtene stanis cheis^ and se* 





*^ ven stirkis :*' which is the more worthy of remark> from.shew-^ 
ing, that the proportion of <^eese made in those, day SyCpmpared, 
to other articles of produce^ was fully as much. as in the present- 
times. . . . ; * 

AuoHiNMADE. — ^This territory, situated in. the most northerly: 
part of the parish, towards Beitfa, is divided among six pi^oprie*- 
tors also, but of whom only three are resident. . It extends tOr 
nearly 900 acres, of whic^ a third -^^part is-deep mo69<; — 'the rest 
is in general good arable land. The whole is incumbent on lime- 
stone. There are several stilly on the easjt side 
of the Gamock: as-r* . 

Groat-holme — close oh- tile rivier, about two milfefi up fromr 
Kilwinning — ^remarkably fertile limd~-beloQg|8 to Mr BurnA^ wha 
has also Redstone^ Castleion, and^ Bridge^nd^ on the same sideu 
-—Ardoch-outer^ belongs to Mr. CampbelL in Irvine ; Ardocb 
inner^ to Messrs. Crichtons ;-~both are good lander— Woodgreea 
and Redwalls .belong to the poor.: the last is situnted near to 
Auchintiber ; the first is^on^the Garnock, and is very fine land. 
-— ]&idge»end, Wm. Anderson; and Muirfoot, Mungo Peden, ara 
.situated near to Upper Fergushill. — Windy-hall and BtK>pmhill 
about a mile east firom ;KilwinBing, are dieerful, small ppssessionsi 
-^On the Corsehilli adjacent to Kilwinning, there is- much fine 
land, in small portions,! belonging to Several proprietors. — ^There 
are several other still smaller lots*. [See I\EtblQ of 
Valued Rent] 


Robert Glasgow, of Mountgreenan. 
Alexander Mjller^ of Monkcastle. 


0F cunnlHfsiwine* 



Properties >ve$t of Garnock. 


- Earl of EglintoDy 

- Lady Mary Montgomeryi 
» Alexander Miller, Esq. 

- MisaBowman^ -> 

Ketbermainsy &c. &c« &c. 

Various possessions^ 

Monkcastle, ... 

Ashgrove and the Wood, 

Wood, Pattiatdn, part Whitehirst \ ^ ii..-«. 

Woodside & two^thirds of Mills, 5 ^^* »«»•» 

Smithston, ^ . . . Heirs of Alexander MacGown) Esq. 

West Dowra and Dubs, - - Messrs. Crichton^ 

Vtduid Rent- 

559 11 9 

309 10 

295 18 

201 17 10 

190 9 2 

160 4 6 

Dalgarvan, part - j^OO 

Ditto, - 89 

Ditto» » 12 

Ditto,, - 10 

^ Ditto, Mills of 66 IS 

\ Pay* in Dairy Paritlu ' 

Total of Dalgarvan, - 

Cranberry Moss, 
6c(^, - 

FairEeBogf ... 
Whitehirst, part of, &<l. 
Woodside, parf of - 
Xongford, part, of - - 
High Smithston, 
TodHiUs, - . . 
Greenfopt Yard, 
, Whitehirst, part of - - 
.Woodside, part of - 

Ditto, - - -. 
. Ditto, 
JSroom Butts, &c. 
Byxes, part of 
,4 Small Subjects, - 
65 Houses, in town and Byres, 
One-third of dwinnihg MiU»i 

:Earl.of GiaiBgow, 

Messrs. Cri(^ton, 

Mathew Reid and D. W&C^ 

' Heira of Dr. Alexander^ 

4 Colonel Blair of Blur, . 

William 'Boyle, Esq; 

William Deans, £sq« 

W. and A. Ramsay, 

James Muir, 

James Patrick, 

Jam/es Barclay, 

Colonel FuQarton, 

Robert Dunlop, 

John Brown, E^sq. 

Jame$ Cunninghame, 

Mrs. Brown, 

Heirs of Charles White, 

Mrs. Hood and sister, - 

* ■ Robinson, 

John Monis, 

John Gibson, - • 

Sundry people^ 

Sundry people, 

Mr. John Crichton, 

287 IS If 


47 5 

42 19 2 

28 11 B 

28 6 i 

28 6 8 


24 4 

20 8 8 


18 6 8 
17 6 . S 



11 lu 

10 6 8 

14 3 4 

144 18 8 

44 9 

Total| west of Garnock, Z.2765 12 6 



I PnmA ttj 

PropertUs east of Gamock. 

Eglinton, « • . 

Clonbeith^ Darmule, &c. - 
Mountgreenan, &c. 
Monkridden, - - - 
r Dowra and Patterton, 

\ Pay in Stcwartoo. 

tGroaukolme^ - j£2QP 

C Pay I ia 1)^1 ry Parish, 

Redstone & a House 39 6 
Bridgend U Castleton, 57 ID 


£ /. d* 

Earl of Eglinton, - * 1655 7 S 

Lady Mary Montgomery, - S77 S 4? 

Robert Glasgowj Esq. - - 297 4 

Fergusson Cunninghame, Esq. - 284 O 
Sir J. Montgom. Cunninghame^ Bt. 225 


» part - 

92 8 



46 4< 




S3 6 




33 6 




SS 6 




33 6 


Total of A 




part - 

40 O 



24 6 




18 6 



. - 




12 16 




12 16 


T6ta! of Aiichintibei^ 

"VVoodgra^n and Redwalls, 

^egswell, "- • - - 
Burrowland (not liable in Cess) 

^oss CuUoch, • - « 

Bridgend, • . . • 

Ardoch, outer .... 

Ardoch, inner . • • 

Moorfoot, - - ' - 

Broomhill, - • . • 

Bridgend and Corsehill, parts of - 

CorsehilJ, part of . . - 

DittOj Ditto, 

Ditto, DittOj 

Windy-hall, . . . - 
Millings and a House, 

Bridgend, part of * - - 

Do. . . . . 

4 Small Subjects - « « 


3 VtRs. Burns, 

Earl of EgIinton» 

J* SMui, Ssq* 

I^dy Marv Montgomery,. 

William ^«T, - 

Andrew Boyd, - 

David Mvity 

Mr. MHlft, Monktttstle, 
— ^^ Montgonieryi 
Mrs. Garland,-* *- 
John Ker's Heirs, 
Thomas Anderson, 
Robert GemmiUf 

Kirki>Session, - 
James Bicket, - 
John Clalr Hyndman, 
John Muir» 
William Anderson, 
John Campbell, 
Messrs. Crichton, 
Mungo Peden, - 
John Craig,. ' « 
Mrs. Fleck, 
John Dyot, 
John Steel, 
John Wilson, 
George Cunnihghamej 
Messrs* Crichton, 
fames Allan, ~ - 
James Allan, 
Sundry people. 

I . • o 

i9d Id $ 

i, t . « » 

%1l 19 2 


















6 11 











10 9 

iB i 
'6' 8 

11 4 
10 2 

Totals east of Gamock, Z.3964 S 10 
Total, west of Gamock^ (from the preceding page,) 2765 12 5 

Toul, £.6729 16 S 

•TfALSr.] OF CimningAnnt. tss 



|HIS Parish is boundcKl by those of Eilwianing and 
Ardrossan on the south ; by Kilbride and Largs on 
the west ; Kilbimie on the north ; and Beith on the 
east The outline is very much extended, so that 
the contents bear no proportion to the extreme 
length and breadth, which from s.e. to n.w, is 9 miles, and from 
s, w. to N. E. is 7 : which, were it a regular figure, would give 6S 
square miles of surface ; but as the ascertained number of acres 
is only 14,700, it hardly amounts to 29. 

(StnttUl Appearance* — A deep valley stretches from s.w. to 
K.E. through the middia On the western side the grounds rise, 
by various gradations, to the summit of that ridge of hills which 
divides this parish from those of Kilbride and Largs. These are 
from 700 to 1200 feet above the sea, and are little less above this 
valley, which at an average is hardly 100 feet above high-water 
mark. On the eastern side, the grounds rise from 150 to 200 
feet, in the course of half a mile from thq Garriock ; after which 
the surface in the distant view seems to be a level plain in its 
whole extent, but on a nearer inspection, is found to be greatly 
varied in heights and hollows. This eastern wing of the parish 
is skirted for about six miles by the Garnock, in all its windings, 
whose sloping banks, on that side, are ornamented with the 
plantations of Blair, and by those of about ten or a dozen of 
lesser properties, the mansions of which, are set down within a 


S30 PARTICULAR DfescurpTioN [Parish of 

short distance of that waten The western side of the valley is 
also much beautified with plantations, less or more, around the 
seats of the numerous proprietors there ; whilst the stately vil- 
lage of Dairy, set down on the summit of a considerable emi- 
nence in the heart of it, forms itself an interesting part of the 
general view*. 

£^iXitX^\6^ — Coal, LiMESTo;Nfi, and white Freestone, abound 
greatly in the eastern division. The strata of them all lie fair, 
approach near the surface, and are easily wrought. In the wes- 
tern division, the sub-stratum is generally hard whin ix)ck. Thcr© 
ih also some coal, and one of the best limestone quarries in the 
country is on this side, at the Hourat. 

®Oil*--^In the eastern division the ^oil is generally day, 
pretty stiff Or adhesive, unless where, from long continued cul- 
tivation, it has been converted into loam — but is still ready, on 
being neglected, to revert into its original nature, so productive 
of sprits, rushes, and other coarse herbage.. There is also a con- 
siderable extent of mossy land in this quarter, and this more 
readily yields to cultivation, and has in fact been cultivated very 
extensively and with great success. On the west side, the soil, 
generally incumbent on whin-stone, is naturally of a more kindly 
quality, yielding more readily to cultivation. 

SloaDjBr* — This extensive parish is well accommodated with - 
roads, both turnpike and parochial, and they are in general well 
kept, though from the great inequality of the surface, it is hardly 
practicable, in some cases, to conduct them so nearly on a level 
as could be desired. But great improvements have been made 
and are still making in this respect 

Ctopitf CultitJateO^— Wheat is hardly grown any where, but 
in the Holme lands in the valley.— -Turnip is little known as a 
field-crop.— Flax is more cultivated here than in any parish yet 
described : for, in addition to the usual patches for home use, it 
is very generally raised in larger parcels for sale; especially in. 


OP Cunntngfjame* 



of t^z 


the eastern division, where two or three acres of it together are 
in different parts to-be met with. Other crops are cultivated in 
much the same proportion, as in the preceding parishes. 

fin tillage, * 1777^ . 

Cultivated grass land, •••« 5509 Total 

Hill pasture, 5515 |> 1470a 

Moss land» &c » • 1345 j acres. 

^ Woods and gardens, • • 554 J 

!Lit}0 dtOCilf — From the great extent of sound hill-pasture, 
in addition to the usual proportion of arable land in grass, there 
is in this parish, besides the milch-cows, a considerable num- 
ber of grazing , cattle kept, as well as of sheep. Of these last, 
about two-thirds ate of the black-faced liinton breed, so celebra- 
ted for the exceflencj^of their mutton, and so noted for their 
wild and restless disposition. 

Horses of every description, • • • 22 1 

Cattle ditto, • '.•• 2528 

Sheep ditto, ••..•••. ..•• 2669 

Swine,. 402 

Tow>f OF DaLrt. — 'This pleasant village is situated about 7 
miles N.w. of Irvine and abo«t 4^ miles s.w^ of Beith. The 
sstreets, crossing or falling iMo each otheFr^neet, as cm a commoii 
centre, at the highest part of the hill on which the town is set 
down, where there is a small' square. The houses are some of 
them of one story, and some of them of two, but all are well 
built, of good masonry, and covered with slate. It contains about 
1265 inhabitants ; among whom are 

9 Stocking weavers 4 
Xtc jEjaKers, ..wim.— »...„,— i>„.,.—„M ^ 

6 ; Flaxdfessers, 2 

Wool-carders,- 6 Coopers^, „^ 3 

One Church, t\^^o Meeting-houses, a Post-office and a Printing: 




I ^^mmtmimm 



Retail shops. 
Inns& alehouses 
Surgeons, .•-^ 


iww w w^wwwwwwwxwwpaw m 




^anufactut(jef» — In the town the chief manufacture is weav^ 
ing of cotton and other soft fabrics for the Glasgow and Paisley 
employers. There is also wool-carding and wool-spinning ; tow- 
carding and tow-spinning. In the country parts there are the 
following trades' people ; Weavers 42, Wrights 10» Smiths 8, 
Taylors 2, Coaliers 42, and Quarrymen 15 : some of these last 
two reside in the village. 

The population of the country parts is,.. 1760 

In the town as above........ 1265 

Total in the parish,...3025 

®Cf)00li9t» — Besides the Parish School, taught by Mr. William 
Harvey, there are six private schools in the various parts of this 
widely-spreading parish. The number of scholars in all is 450. 
[See Statistical Table.] 

jpOOtf — There are on the ordinary roll 28, and 12 more who 
get relief occasionally, among whom is distributed yearly about 
56160. [See Stat. Table.] 

^tnieftetl^— since the Revolution. 

tPrior to this, in 1636, John Cumiinghame of Bedland was minister, as appean 
from a Retour. He vifas succeeded by Robert Bell» who obtained an augmentation, 
as appears from a decrete in 1650) fixing the whole stipend at four chalders of meal, one 
chalder of bear, and j£SOO Scots, together with £60 Scots for communion elements, j 


Robert Bell, Before 1650 Before 1693. 

John King, Ord. April 25. 1693... 1713. 

John FuUarton, Ord. April 25. 1717... April 17. 1761. 

John FuUarton, 7 Trans, from Dunlop, 7 j ^o lono 

Son 6f the preceding. * T April 1. 1762. \ ^^^» ^'^* ^^^^' 

T u ^u ^ / Trans, from Camne- 

John Thomson, | ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ 

"SDitititnttVS. — In 1 785 the Burgher Seceders erected a meet- 
ing-house here, which holds about 300 hearers, the supposed a- 
mount of their present congregation. The Rev. George Russel 
is their minister, being the only one they have yet had. 

There is another congregation of Dissenters, but under what 
denomination, not known to me. It is not nuinei'Qtis^ Tb6 !ll^ev. 
Mr. Gemmil^ who had before he came here, a Secedirtg dohgr^ 
gation at Kilmaurs, is thwi* Pastor. -He also ptactlde* Physic, 
and Kkewise keeps a Printing office. 

HBtttattft an\i jfamtKe*^ 

There are about 80 dififerentland-proprietors, and tfmfry ittbr^ 
distinct properties ip this parish. A description of the whole 
wouM, itself, fill avdlume, aiiH might after all excite not mndk 
'^nifterest beyond its ownHniits. An^endeardur shall ther^fcnie b6 
made to generalhse this part of the' inibjeci, by arranging the esi 
tates into classes, according to thenaturai divisbns of the patis^E 
as separated from each other by the'ditfbreht sti'eitnis. 

L That part, which is sdtuated to the e^twafd -of the watet 
ofGarnocL The prindipal prpperty.ifa thS iS' ' 

IVne BXsoNY o^ BtAHL-^This cotnprthends^considetalbly itaore 
than 3^000 acres, including, in tM^ trctbnnt, part <>f the lands cf 
iJESsoi^s, lately soM'to Mr. CHasgb\v^ of IMLoun^een^ri ; and those 
-of AucHiNSKEiTH and Jameston, <|)titaias€ld'-:&bou£ ^c^ sUttie thnfe 
bVCbll 'Blair. "Iliis pbrtion isf sittratedP liext to tbe pitri^ of Kil- 
Winning*, wbile it sttetthes' ftom thd GfBtnock om the attest, to ttie 
boitndaiy^ of Bdfy parish '««rith- Beith onr the east; occapying a 
space of more than i^'8(j[ue[re'inilbs: fir iV neafl^ a)f antbl^'1ani£ 
TKe Woddlfodi'idn tflts^roperfy eirteind'tb'^bbt 400 atiWrand 
ate gfe^y-oh!aittciftSl« i"o the corintiy. ISke Hx*use oPidjtft % 
^n ancienf atnicture of cott^ideraBle'^si^tev^fts- b^ e^*^c^efd''8t 
^i^etentpem^'aifd'ln^difierent stile*' ofbtiilding^ Ml^iit «ftlf ^ 
commodious mansion. It is set down on a rising bank abbtit' a 
quitter of'a .irtiie*' up from' thfeXJartlioic^-^i^Il ' ^eHfef^bd aMiong 
Hs=iin<S^ht>ti^^^, 'bi^wHieh' sbt&e'i^attisH Cfiie^i^ ittH'sHabiA^ 
the Iftr^est siiie^ ■<>^^^Uaps anj in'Scod^d.-' TJiiS'Bardrty^as'itl^ 

s'n * >' • 


i3i^ PASIMq^ARiDBSCIOPTIiON ^Bcwisht^^ 

4 t\ 

'BiflU; Of "BXalir* . 

, This is a very ancient family, connected by iutermarriagca, 
with the best in the west of Scotland^^ and hdvo enjoyed a high, 
rank in Ayrshire formoce than sixhiioidred years. They xi^ere 
the chief of all the Blairs in the sotuhiandwest^country^ but. a-, 
nother family of the same namei whojsettled in the north, in the 
counties of Fife, JPerth ^md. Angus> namely BiAut of Bajltuy^ck, 
always competed with, thisv &mily.ibc tiie diij^ship, till at., last 
James VI. (than whom, none morft jSt to decide ai][uestion of this 
kind,) determined ** that tljcqldest m^n, foi: the. tipfie being, jo£ 
eith€¥r family, should have the^inecedency^!! Bptlxf^pijlies ^eeiu 
tQ.^ie equally ancieni^ Iput . it. is. dqubtful if. thi^y be of the same 
origin, though of. the same^n^mei , [i^ee ^^ Dongl^a' Baronage? 
1st edit p. 186 and -194^]^ Their. Arms, bare no i^flUutji; '^The 
succession of this ^^AiLy is veil authenticated. ^ ./ . . . ) n 

L Wkxxam de Blaik.. He is mentioned. in. a coBftragt^ be* 
tweep Ralph de Eglioton^tnd the. town of Irvine i^ 1 ^05); and ii 
said to. have diedih the rei|g;rvof Alexander IL^wixt tiil^jrearf 
1214 and^l249» ..Heleflason, v - * ,1 .# , 

IL Wiia4AK^.^o, ia a Charter t)f. Alexander HL torf^^ji^ 
bey of Dunfermline, about 1260,. is. stiled WilUdlmti? dei:Blai^ 
Doiminus. de, eodem^ or of that Ilk.: He left two spfia;, 1^^ Bryq^f 
S. David.. He was succeeded by the. eldests r - 
, IIL Sir Bktce BiMKoitiuit Uk, wl^b .Ojob}^ Joined' W^^t^fB 
in jdefeace of the liijertiea oChk countiy);and lost. i)|s life in the 
cai|ae> Wving-been. taken prisoner by th^ £ngJisli»4Dd ^lecuted 
nt Ajs in 129&.. Having no issue, l|e..was^*ttcce^ed by, bj#' 
brother, . . . ?. . \' 

HI. Datp BLffiR of that Ilk, who was coajpelM, JwitHalni«»?t 
the. whole mi^giiates submit to Edward L; in tb^^.'i^ijp^ 
y/ear 1296. In the critical remarks on the Ragman ttoUp; 3^ . 
he is paiticularly menti^ed ^.Ae :pi(Cg§mtor <»a feui^y,. JS^ . 
was fiither of ■ ' * 


„ . IV. RoqsB. de Blaib of that Bk, wlio was a steady adherent 
of Bobert Bra^e^ from whom* lie got a Charter liogera de Blair 
dileci,\fiifeli nostra offawchaUevs of victual yearly out of the 
lands of Bourtrees m the .Shire of Ayr. (€hart* in Pub, Archiv.) 
He died in the reigjfi of David 11. and was succeeded by his son^ 
V. JikMEs BiiAiR of that Ilk, who got a grant of several tene- 
ments of land in the vicinity, of Ayr, wiiich had fallen into the 
King's hands by forfeiture. Tins is confirmed by a Charter bj 
David I, I'eb. 3, tlS^SI; X^^ing^David^s Book of Charters.] He 
left two sons: It. Jaaie9.} 2- John^ progenitor of the Blaira of 
Adaauton-T-a fiuniijy that hasr come down, to ^most the present 
da^. He. vfW i^uooeeded hy the eldest son^ 

, VL James J3laj;r of jthat Ilk^.^vho mt aChaiter from Robert 

IL dated jSth M^y.: 1375, oofifbming a Charter granted t& his 

father by ^a^id^J. pf the lands of Coisliog]rU9 &c. in Dumfries* 

shire; ai|d another, dated. ^SdJiily same y^ar^.cpf the lands of 

HartwQod, &c. . He died in the reuEP of James L and left a son, 

:. . }^n^^^JUjn^ was succeeded by his mm, 

..,: yU|.;J[oHN Jgi^ia of thia^ Ilk^v^ho was aervedheir to hia 

$itl|^, J(^f](^,iu»0ifi»m JafEoes ilL^gfft &.CIutrter JpkanHt B4^ 
4ff.<to^nM>!(gaHei h^prfdtjFambiJ^Uerrarmn barwuede Blair ,4^. 

in AyxshiFe;.,:>9ih,»fen?>. .Ii7^. He 1^, ^ue^a son, John ; and 
two daiwh^ers,: 1.. £^.dia,:inarr^e^ to James Kenpedy of the far- 
rai^jj-flf ^|B(j^i ^jppeafs by.^ Charter 18th April 1515, 

£^idi(tB.J^la^f retfat^ , quondam jacobi^ Kennedy^ antmi 

tSvaHy de terru oaromae de Dunure. 


IX John FjLAia of that Ilki succeeded his father in^ the rj^gn 
of James V. H^ had a Charter 12th Aug., 1540, .of the 5 raerfc 
una of l/alquhoae in Ayrshire, and another I'^thMarct 1544 o£- 

236 . PAirt?kHtxirbEscRiri?ioN ^IPari^of 

*f ■> • r 

the '9- meijc land of Bogtoni HohnlSeaff, aiM tW tJiirtfpiks bf the 
Mill of Cathcart in the Shire 6f A^nfrew,* arid wh!ch hifn^^ cotr- 
tinued in the famWy at least ti1i46V&, '^hen part of Ihfiib was 
sold to' Hamilton of Aikenkead; anteefitbr df' the pi^esent^«^ames 
j^arailtonj Esq. of flfblmhead [See ' KejrfrewsHire fHkt. editibn 
1818, p.p. 30. 2e4.]^He died in the>eign of* Ottfeen^Mary.' He 
married Ladj EKsabedi Montgomery, daughter c^tiie £art of 

ijis fether,got a Charter oFthe landjg of tunybankh^atid'Blafr- 
Ardoch, &c in Ayrphife, r23d:^v. 1540. fi^ dfed' m the" t&- 
gfonih^ of the-reignof Jitones VI. anil*was SQccesedeiffoy hi^ son^ 

of Robert the third iLord Seiiipte, .fmisprih^'^itt l^ott^a^* 
3Pfecr^e,^= and got b Cotter- Johami Stuir Skj^dm vf' 0*-wtti- 

Feb. i5T3.' A^so a Charter of ;Kys^hiDlta(e, ¥h&&Wobd,^^North 
and<^^utiimiise,ftc 1st B^; 1575, adcF'^ ^ikm'dfthe 

49 sh. fond of Mtiirbjijm in RehtrewfAltit^, and'@^^ek1ili^,'%ti.'i& 
Ayrshire, ,3d and 4th Feb, 1580. By ^he said. Ladjf oflSeld^te^ 


Ayrshire,- i'4th Aug. 159i,^'pWJbkbly- th^' satire 'that i|i I5a^'i3 
cotiioined in a Charter of Mountgreenan to Alexjwader Curiningr 
hame and Jean Blair.. 

i2. Margaret) who was inarried to -r-^-- — "Kefi of S!ers]!mxc) «nd 
had k 'Charter to her arid her son; Robert, of the l^as of ^^^ 

in Ayrshire, Sd Jan. 1594. ' ^ ,• I - 

8. Gris^l, married to David Blair of Adamtpni as appeart^from 
a Charter 2IjBt July. ,. , » ' •^ , » ♦-> 

4. Anna^^ married in 15^^, to John Brisliane of Bbnoptq^ ^^ich 
family is frpm that time descended of this marris^e. [See p. 94.] 

\BALRr] tnitmmiUifS^um, 89t 

' AlexBiideiv the «eootad son, ntrried ElisdNftli Codnati, heim 
ess of ihi^'fik,,aaDA fiote:the- issne'of ^t mardnge is -desoMided- 
thoftcaeat &mM^ «£DuiidonaI<i i^ mu sueceeded % liis 
eldest son, 

. XIL JoBN BbAUt of that fik, Hiio m 1S9T liad « Charter 
JdloMM Blmrdt modern df tbe landff of^ RaisMliora, Meadoi?flatt, 
&C. in tbe £bire» of EditiliMgh ftnd lAOMrk. 

' In a <J»chii8e ipr«iM«d ii!7 him^ to die tbwti^ ^ 
80Mige! tieaAs, for certn* binds •io'^bo vicinity'^ that towB> aa 
Om 1 ilb. Mqrf IfidO* lae»4til«ft luns^ « Biak of that M** sum- 
tyme tntor Testamentor io James -Ctinnj^ngbaaie of Meunt^re-^ 
nan* inHiehli^df the eaid J^mies, ^&c Die wkaesses to this deed 
(in <tbe Qiaiiai ciitiiti«tf4ho Bur^) aso^mes MoWat of Busby> 
Jfohn drasifinid nf £fai#iiMhnd> llioaias'Ke««iiie of Monfaed- 
do*; mmI Wittiam Jdbnl^siineYy, mdtteip iiere^ fiiai^s^own tig* 
natiira is in one word, ** BLAtROFTHATILK," 

,W» ho jAadksadils not losutiaiMid^ tat ho died Ji;;t60d, and 
left Ane •attl^;juid^n dasghter : 
h iBiyeon who, anteeeded kmu 

&. JiHne%;^ed iniA Chaitoi dated Jnne 161^^ JVolmim*'^^ 
Jlimak0(lm :W<«tiarl i^w %Mw«, (enmnim df MiAet Ifiwti, Kith- 

a BM9f«fr.ef Ik^g^ciiin, (lather ibf Sir AdamSU^ 
% Jb^t^f§^f^jtil»^ ^n^tes^fAf^^ of Ziflbarnifl^ 

^ M^wOt'few.whbdi ia-^^es(«ndcd Lwly Marjr liadaif. 
i^wfij^jd, on)j:)w«t«r and Mro^ of tkekte Gsfyt^ Eail of Cdmv. 
iinrd Md Xiindator^ 

XIH* . ^Qmm Mm. of .tbsit &k« mn netoured. heic Ao. his &- 

.ther» on the 10th April I6IQ1 in iho>lrb0le labdsand hArDBjrof 

Bhur. He ^ft^fried IMy Jiaan Cunoiiigbii<|ie» aecond daii^ter 

of Wl(Ii#ai 4»ghth "E^ ii Kilmamock* (tee ^een^) Jbjr 

he had 

1. Sir Bryce. 

2. John j of whom afterwards. 


3. Margaretj married to Sir Archibald Stewart! Barf, of * Blkck- 
ball and had issue, £rom whom is desoonded. tiie present familp 

of BlackhalL He died 4tb Feb^ . 163&f^ ^han InJs.wife succeeded; 


by his eldest son, • * 

XIV. Sir Brtc£ Blaia-oF that Ilk^ who had -the honour of 
Knighthood conferred on himby Charles L He survivod his« 
father only a few mouths,* dyiug in Jtikly 1639J, . Who he 
is not mentioned,#b)it h&w»s suoceedied byhia oniyisooy n 

XV.. John BLAm^of ^that Ilk, wbo was .retoured]»ir to 
grandfather and father Xst Msty 1645, and died soon afber wttfaout^ 
iissue. He was*;suecee(ledrtb}^his iinclcM j ^ / • ./ 

XIV. John Blaxh '(see No. XIU*). ^s^hoi oiii theidcfalli lof higi 
nephew, becante f^ of that; Ilk/' £b nftarned^ laabdy second, 
daughter of Thomas si^th Lord Bo3tdi ^Ke jPeex!ag^).diid hf hery* 
had issiie a son* He 4ted in. }BQ% when he vasn aacceedod b^^ 
his son, . ',••;,', ' -. . .lu- .'i i :• 

XV. William BLAijr^of.Att Ilk, who ih' Febi i6S4, was^ re-^ 
toured heir to his father, in the wholb lands andiiiarcmy ef JUair.i 
He was a man of great energy of choDacten; HecameoasiyititOL 
die.Revoludlon ; ,was a member of tbe>€ott'tfenttiQSi bf-JSstates oa- 
the 16th March .16if^^ and one of the GotnmLttee ibr setlUng the^ 
Grovemment; and in April after, was nattieii a. Ctfmmisftioner * 
concerning a treaty of Union, betwixt the iwo kingdoms, wid(!b* 
however did not succeed at that^tio^'^' In^ the same year, he^ 
raised* a troop of< horse- in support of>«the Revohition, aftd went'^^ 
at their head ^ to tbe^ county of Fertby but he was: surprised by^ 
Dundee, and carried to the Highlands, where hedied." .Hemani-^ 
ed Lady Margaret Hamilton, daagliter ^f ^William fieeond Duke, 
of > Hamilton^ l^ whom vhe had ii so«, .5 ....... .* 

" XVL William Blair of that Jlk, who married Margaret/ 
daughter of Campbell of Gargunnock, by whom he had a soir, 

XVIL John, who died before his father, unmarriedi and a * 
daughter, ; 

• • • - .... % ^ 


jffALnr:] or Cunningtjame; 239 

XVII. Magoalane Blair df Blair, who on the death of her 
father, William, anno , succeeded to the estate. She mar- 
ried Mr. William Scot, Advocate, second son of John Scot, Esq. 
of Millenie. To him she had 6ne only child, a son, William, of 
whom afterwards.- - 

After her death,- anno <s^ i Mr. Scot; who had assumed the 

name of &Am, married Calrherine, only daughter of Alexander 
Tait, merchant in Edinburgh, by whom he had/ 1/ Hamilton 
Blair, of whom afterwards, and fbur^other sons and six daughters 
—namely, : ; » ^ 

2. Alexander Blair, Surveyor of the Customs at P6rt-Glasgow, 
who matried Elisabeth, only daughter of John Hamilton, Esq. o£ 
Grange in ^AyrsAite^, and had issue. 

a John Blair, a OajKtain of Foot, killed at th6 battle of Minden^ 
1st Aug. 1759/^ ' • ^ ^ 

4. Thomas Blair, a Cornet in the S6ots Greys, killed at the bat-' 
tieofVald^^ anno- 1747.^ 

5r William Blair, a Lieutenant of Foot, killed at the head of a 
detachment fighting against the Indians near Oswego in 1756/' 
1st daughter,* Anne^ married to David Blair, Esq. of Adamtoii^ 
ft> whom she had a daughter, Catherine, heiress of that estate^ 
married to the late Sii* William Maicwell of MobreithV 

2. Magdalai^e, married to Sir William Maxwell ' of Monreith, to * 
wh(»n she had the^^ate-Sir William Ma^cwell'of Monreith, Bart.* 
Hamilton, and Dunbar, and three daughters : • 1. Catherine, mar- 
ried to 'John Fordyce, ' Esq. of Ajrton; 2. Jane, married t6 his- 
Gracie Alexander Duke of Gordon-; and 3, Eglinton, rtiarried £o 
Sb Thomas WalMlbe Dunloj), Bart 

3. Janet, married to Alexander Tait, Esq. one' of the principals 
Clerks of Sessiofty and had issue. 

4. ' Barbara, married to William PuUarton of that ITk, Esq^ to 
%^om sbe.had a son, the late Colonel Fnllarton of FuUarton. 
5i* Catherine, died unmarriedv 

240 PASTicpXAs PEscitirrioN i^PmiA4^ 

6. Mary, married to Sir Joha JSindnir, Bacti of Stiarremt^itaEA- 
Murlde, and had issue* 

• Tq return, now to • .- 

XVIII. WiLLiAAi Bi^AXE of that Dk, (son of MagdafaQg fidw 

of Blair,) the : undoubted representative of that very aacjont £ir 
mily. He made a s^tlement of that whole estot/^(u he Ml the 
most unquestionable authority to do)^ -'fmimg h^ita t of liis ol^w 
body upon the children pf hi&^ther'9 sepwtifl iqacrl^ge, 4V9d dye- 
ing in 1732 without isj^ue, was accordingly wcep^4edi)y hia A^ 
est bfothetr consanguinean, as before stated, Hamilton ^bdf* But 
before tracing his successioot we shall deduce iiis pateiTM} gftn^ 
4logy» which will be ((mnd to be little less ancient thm tbe hxiim 
\j of Blair itself, andirom an origin imoDg the nos^ t9^^(9eXtiolbt 
in Scotlimd, namely, that «ofdbe Ho«se of Bucclew^. 

From the Peerage by Douglas, it is made . evtdeot jkbat tlh9 
fifth generation of that lauwly. 

Sir tlicHARo Scot,, from whose time downwiuxis tbe liislory 
of llie family is ascertiiinedf by unquestionqble autl^oi»tyt BMde 
a great figure io the rei^ of Alexander III. whidi roiga om»^ 
menced in 1249* He marriedthe heiress 4>f Murtbackstoii« ni 
that Ilk in lAnarkshipef (now Mtirdiestooe on tbe banks of tibe 
.Calder, about 7 miles vnorth-east from HamiiboB)^ and fi>r a bi^ 
period, this continued to be the title and general ]4aee<nf n^i* 
dence of the family, €ven until anno 1446, when tbe fifth l^esA* 
.ration in succession. 

Sir W^ilLter Scot c^Kirkuidy son of Sir Robert of Mwdb*; 
ston and Rankelbum, exchanged the lands of MnrdJ^on wkb 
Thomas Inglis of Manner, for tbe lands of 9i3^ibt»li&j Goldi<* 
lands, &c in Teviotdale-^and whicb exdianged landu coi^kino 
in the respective families to the present day.-~&i the Btiroiiage». 
by tbe same author, when deducing tbe genof^c^ of tb( Mil* 
linie branch of the House of Scot, he states, .^^ that ^it appeom 10 
have been descended from the House of ^BufxiliSHgb iKbfitt l&at 

DALRY.} OP Conning|)ame« Ml 

'iillDUy Teftided in Laiiarksbire-~That they were proprietors of tbe 

- huids of Clonbeith) Scots Ii«ch,^ and others about Irvine> maay 

centuries ago ; and always had iR)r their Armorial Bearing the 

nmple Ajms of Bucdleughy with a proper dljSerence for a young* 

er son/* That having no access to* their ^family writs, he could 

not pretend to deduce them from their crrigin ; but he traces 

thetn downwards from the time they settled in Liothian, thus : 

L James Scot of Scots Loch, lived in thereigus of Queen 

Mary and James VL *He was &ther of 

IL Laurencj? Scotj a man of abilities who made a consider- 

.able figure in the reigns^of James VL and Charles L Being bred 

^to the Law, he was appointed Clerk to the Privy CouDrcii, and 

one of the principal ^ decks ^ of Session, and aqgpiitted himself 

with great credit. He at4[juired a^ considerable li^nded property 

ui/the county of £di^burgh at various times ; namely, Harperig 

since called Templehill, Buitland, and Buitlandhill, for which he 

'ihad4ai'« Charter in 1618; ^Easter ^fid Wester Bavelaw,^in 1628; 

CleckiifgtQQt in 1634: which last, for a considerable time, w«s 

the chief title of the family. He married Elisabeth, daughter of 

^qp->^rif3gle of Torsonce> by whom he had 

L William* of whom afterwards. 

..2t.^S^es» who got froip bis father the lands of Bonnytoun in 

West Lothian, but of whom there is no succession. 

.' • ' ' 
^» I^aitr^pce^ pi^Qg^nitor of the Scots of Bavelaw. 

4) A daughter married to Lauder of Hatton, from whom isdes- 

qended the present family of Lauderdale. 

.5. 'A daughter, married to ■ Houston, probably hi^r cousin^ 
; of the . faimily of Houstoqn pfHoustoun, by a daughter also of 

Torsonce. He was succeeded by his eldest son, 

* Scots Loch was in the immediate vicinity of Irfine, and occupied that land 
"which in the hepniAng of the last century was drained by the toe K^^-Mr. Vimetp 
minivter of die.rarisb, by Af^ma of a terj deep Ait^ itiU. called the MimA^4 Ca/t' 
ForClonbeitb, see.D.'223; ' 



IIL Sir William Scot of Clerkington^ who had the honoiii^ 
of Knighthood conferred on him byCharles I. and was appointed 
one of the Senators of the CoUege of Justice in 1642. He mar'-' 
ried 1st a daughter of Morrison of Prestongrange,- by whom he 
had a son, 
Laurence of whom afterwards^ 

2dly, He married Barbara, daughter of Sir John Dalmahoy 
of that Ilk, by whom he had ■ ' ' 

1 . John, of whom afterwards. 

2. James of Scots Loch, (the original Ayrshfre estate,) 

3. Dr. Robert Scot, Dean of Hamilton, &Ci 

4. Barbara, married 1st Stewart, a son of Bhtckhall ; fidlji*. 

Sir William Drummond of Hawthorn-Dean. 

5. Agnes, married to Sir John Home of Renton ; and * i 

6. Another daughter, married to Ogilvie, of Miirkle,in Anguv. 
Sir William was succeeded by his eldest son; 

IV. Laurence Scot of ClerkingtJon, who married anotlier 
daughter of Sir John Dalmahoy, (sjister to his father's second wife,) 
by whom he had only two daughters — one married to George 
Winram, E^. of Ey mouth, and the other to Robert Kennedy, 
Esq. Comptroller of the Customs it Bo'rrowstonness. Dying 

«L„t Jue male, the representation of Ibe ftmity now de4h^ 

ed on . .. ,, 

Vv John, the eldest son of the 2d marriage of Sir Wilfianiy 
who got in patrimony from his father the lands of Miienie^or 
Malleny-^*^ beautiful property in Mid Lothian, on the souih 
banks of the Leitii water, seven miles west from Edinburgh-—* 
and which has ever sitice continued to be the chief title of tkiR 
family. He married Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Nicolson df 
Cockbumspath, by whom he had two sons and two daugfaters^ : . 
!• Thomas, who ^carried oh> the line of the Malleny family. . .^ 
^ WilKam, who married the heiress of Blair as abbv^fw 
Of the daughters, one was manned to Sir William Calderwood:«f 


OP Connitt0))tme« 


Bolton, a family (united to that pf Durham,) of great respiBctabi- 
lity still in Mid Lothian — and the other married to her cousin> 
luaurenee Scot of Bavelaw> 

To return now to the fealily of Blair — 
XVIIL Hamilton^ BLAWof Blair, on the death of his- bro- 
ther in half blood, William, in 1732, as before, succeeded to the 
whole lands and barony o£ Blair. He entered early into the 
Army, and in 1760 was Major of the Royal Scots Greys. He 
died in 1762,; He married Jane^ daughter of Sydenham Williams, 
.£sq. of Eierringston^ in the county of Dorset, by whom he bad 

1. William, of whom afterwards. 

2. 'Agatha^ married to lieut-^General Avame^ 
3« Jane, married to Robert Williams, Esq. 

XIX. William Blair of Blair, succeeded his father in 1792, 
and i^ the present proprietor. He was Colonel of the Ayrshire 
R^g^of^en. Cav. He married Magdalane^ ^eld^st daughter of 
tl^ late John Fordyce, Esq^ of Ayton in the county of Berwick, hy 
whofliihe had five, soias and oeven* daughters. .(She died in 1817() 
h Hamilton, who died in March 1815, a Lieutenant in the B«N. 
2r Johnr'Charles, a Mdshmmaninthe R*N. j 4. Henry ; 5^ Au- 

gnstus. The daughter?,. 
\\\ Catherine^! married toMathew Fortescue of Siephenstown -in 
the county of Lowth, Ireland ; 2. Magdalane ; S. Jane-Louisa, 
.married Gbl. Jackson of Enniscoe, in the county of Mayo, Ireland 
•f-^ibe died in L817; 4. Elisabetli; 5. Charlotte j 6* Jafaej, 7. 

• . AEMS.'t-^l St ^ and ^4th Argmt^ on^ ai Saltier,-) Sobk^ 9 .Mascles 
€ifd;hejfirst ; for Blair yr^^d and/8d.Orj;on.a Bend^ul^zure } a Star 
loetveen 2 Crescents of the. field, and in base an Arrow benii- 
3vise proper, feathered, headed, and barbed/ Argent ; ibr SoojLTt- 
Crest,\ a .Stag lodged proper ; motto, Amo JPsobos* . : . 

Baeoky of Ksrslano. — This is Bituated next to Blair on the 
ACRthfaadia.sti)et€hed out, the whole length of the eastern wing of 


the parish^ from the Garnock to the parish of Beith. It edd^ds 
to nearly 1900 acres, iti ivhich there are abovQ60 acres of wood- 
land. It b nearly all arable also, some of it thin and adfaeaivei 
and some of it deep and fertile, whilst about !^00 acres is reclaim- 
ed moss land, and there is sti]l a small, portion of moss not yet 

This valuable barony was for many ages possessed by a fami- 
ly, from whom it probably dei'ived its baiitie, the Ktns of Kbss- 
LAXD, who were connected by intermarriage with the first fami- 
lies in the country,- and as appears from the Retours lately pub- 
lished, were proprietors, of other considerable domains besides : 
some situated in the .western parts of this parish, and some in 
the parish of Beith on the east Their antiquity 8e<Mns to be uA^ 
doubtedi at least as far back as Ahe year 1^1, when William 
Ker appears in the Ragnian Roll te^ropfietorofJiMids in A^- 
^hire, whom both Dougl^-and Nisb^t affirm ^o 'htfve been tfie 
«i>pestor of, the Kws of Ker^land. The latt^ author stages *^ that 
4ihe male line of the&mily failed in the time of j'^es VI. in the 
person of Robert Ker of Kersland, whose heir female was mar- 
xied to th« Tehowned Captain Thom4» Crawft^rd.^^ IWir dde^t 
son, Daniel, assumed the name and Arps ji»f the &mily, andsa^ 
.ceeded them in the property. His 4ibn) Robert, being a sealoas 
Cbvenonter, ^ot entangled in thi) insurrectioa in the teign '6f 
Charles IL that bnded in the battle «f Pentlanabflls in mSf. 
Por this he fled .to .Holland^ and his estate was forfeitedand giv- 
en to General Drummond, to whoip it.was an unproductive giftt 
as many of the tenants had pri6r to this obtained wadset tights 
of their farms, for mon^ formerly lent to their Laird, ipfliHit 
the irest, with an affecticHiate zeal to^hjis faptily, fell on wmyB)Bmd 
means to i:emit him the rents, and then illuded the demands of 
the intruder^ by pleading poverty. Soon afl:er the Revoiution la 
1688 the fprfeiture was reversed, and the estate reatored to Rot- 
bertKer. He died in Holland about 1690^ Jbdwas siiooeede^ 

DaLry.} of Ctinningtiame. 245 

by his son Daniel, who was killed at the battle of fiteinlcirk ifli; 
1^94, and was succeeded by his sister Jean. She married, about 
1697, John Crawfurd of Fergushill, (a descendentof Craufilrd-. 
land,) who in consequenoe assumed the name of Ker, and was^ 
much famed in his time for his political tergiversations, and is- 
the same wh'o wrote the well-known Memotn. In his time, the* 
estate became so overloaded wi6h wadsets and debts, that; he} 
found it necessary, betwixt 1699 and 1704,*o grant irredeem^Ie« 
feu Charters to sundry mortgagees, to ^e extent of half the pro- 
perty. He died in 1725, and was succeeded by his daughters,^ 
four heiresses portioners. The debts still increasing, tliese found' 
it unavoidable, to let the remaining part of thi& ancient barony go 
from them by a judicial sale in 1743. »It was purchased by Win. 
Scot of Bavelaw, who afterwavds comreyedity by feu Charteri^, to 
different individods, Retaining feu duties to 4lie' extent of about 
j^O sterling yefarly, exduaive of casualties of superiority. Ifis 
9on, Charles Scot, borrowed so tnu<^" money on the security of 
these duties, &c ^that on his death, bis son declined making up . 
titles to them-'-Hio^that the cseditoris ac^ udged and judtciaUy sold 
them in 1801. They werepurchased by, the pcincipdi ai^a^er,: 
John Smith of Swineridgemiiir, who is nbw superior of the.twen*> 
ty merk land, OT Barony of Kecsland . ; 

The whole Barony is at present possessed by 25 difiereat. 
proprietors, among whom are .7 of the name of Ker,— in all pro» 
bability, descended of the . original main stock, though iuone. of 
them seem to think it of any importance to trade tbe likte .of rcon* : 

: Of tb^se> difibrent properties, ajbout fotfe b alf are sitiuited on . 
a-bank shelving towards the -Oamock, oh tbe^west and northein 
sides of the barony. These are the Eerslands proper, the Kers*. 
bead, the Coalheugh-gle»', the Tod-hills, the fifown-hilk, the Da» 
vidVhills, and the Auchehgrees, extending in all %o aboirt 70& 
^res^ of arable land, miich' of it of very good quaiiQr^ lliough In 



general of an adheaive natuc8» and some of it very steep; As the 
proprietors are allresident^ the whole has a^^heerful appearancer 
fVom the growing tktvberi more orleka^ around their respective 
dwellings. At the east i&nd on the banks of the Folgree, the 
house of Maulshead has a cheerful appearance, surrounded witka 
considerable extent of very thriving plairtation. Tlie chief other 
propertiess from this $outh^' and returning westward^ are Coal-. 
buni9 with. Barkip and Bareosh— the Muirhoiises-^SwIneridge^ . 
Muir — and Highfield> extending in all to upwards of 900 acres, 
€^f a .flatisK country, and nearly all arable, land, of various quality, 
and? ton3i<lerable fertilit3^-j^though nauch of it ia derived frpm 
moss, whiLst some moss land remains still unircclfiinaedk : Tlie chief • 
residing heritor here, is Mr. Smith of Swinecidgeraudc^ who wa» - 
the shew that moss> was- oonyertible into as productive a 
soil as aay, by a process of swRface^draining,; and application of .^ 
lime, th^t.has since been sitccessfu% imitated iQ various parts of 
tlie country, and. of which a detailed account is to be seen in tW 
la^ editioa of the Encydopsedia. Britannica, vol. L p. 374. Otu 
this property 4ihe» has r eceatly b^etrerected an excellent family 
DEtansion, remarkably commodious in all its parts, and constmot? 
ed m a stile of great sufficiency, set down amid some very thriy*^ 
ing timber both full-grown and of more recent planting. This 
family have had possession^ of Swineridgemuir before the year 
1666, about which time they h^ wadsets upon it, extended to k«. 
redeemable feu Charters in 1699 and 1702. The family of Ro- 
bert Ker of Auclungree is of much, the same standing. 

The 2d division, is that part of the parish which lies betwixtk. 
the bum of ^itcon on the east;^ and the water of SLyeon the west. 
It is sometimea called the Barony of Boyd, but is not so dis- 
tinguished in any Charter. It extends about 5 or 6 miles in 
length from s. b. to k. w. but varies in breadth from less than a 
mile, to nearly tliree miles in some places. It contains altoge- 
ther about 44^50 acres, Inchiding the killland& of Blair Fark^ si- 

JDALRY.] OP ®unni«g!)ame; ^iV 

tuated on the heights betwixt this parish and Largs; and part of 
it descending to the Largs^ side- of the water shed. Of this divi- 
sion^ about 3 parts in^ 5*ma5^ be stated as arable, and the remainder 
moorish land, or hill "p^istnre* Colonel Blair has the largest half 
of it, the rest is^divided among lipi^ratds of 20 different proprie- 
tors. By much the best House in this^ quarter is, that of Pitcon^ 
situated^ on a sni»U4iilI of a conical shap^, riding .out of a flat 
plain, on allsidesv Witei*^ tV tfc^ jutictiori of the Rye with the Gari 
nock^ This e8tafcehald['lbi1g^4^een the property of a branch of the 
family of K4lmarnock»<^' Tll^err ancestor was Thomas Boyd, second 
son^ of AleicaAider,' wivO wa$ second, son of Sir Kobert Boyd, the 
Great X]!han«l^rlaiti<^f l^otlaml; in the early part of the reign of 
Jamee IILy andfroni' About '4he cfnd bf>the' fifteenth century, this 
femily^fBojfdicottitiubd proprietors of Ktcon tfll the year.1^70; 
wheft Thomas Boyd^fjife tasft of them, sold it to George Macrae, 
BOerdhaiit ift Ayrji Btiii fV^ "wliroiifi k was adjudged by the credit 
tors of the DouglaSNAnA !^toti Bank of Ayr, arid acquired at a 
judicial sale in 1787, by James Btdbismi^ \^ho was succeeded by 
a sisfaer, who disponed the^ property to John C^ckbum a near re- 
lative ; <'oi^ i^ather^ the latt!^ arfe now higldiiX trust 'by J. Smith o{ 
Swinoridgetnuir, and- Mr* Robert^ Hodstoifn, to4D*e conveyed to- - 
Mr. Cockburn, after discharging certain legacies, &c, Part of this ^ 
estatelies eit^the Kilbir»ie side of'the water of Pitcon, but is in-- 
duded in tlv6'Pat4sh of DjJry. -^-^ ^ 

' ' Ahothef dlvisioii^ is included' witfiitf thfe vWater of Rye on the ^ 
east and n6rth, and the C^f ^ater on the-soutli and south-west 
Ifr cottipreliend*. nearly 4000 zcv^i of whichi^more than the half 
is arable, and the greatei* part-of the remainder is sound hill pas-* 
ture,-r-the quantity of mosS Jaiklt is leks '^han-a^H df the whole.-- 
Taere are 47 distinct- propertrea in this" division,- belonging to S9r 
lieritors, off whom "20 reside. ' Thd Earl -o? *(51&tsgo# has the' 
greatest extent of aoylii^it^ th^tf-'MiHef-of'Mbnkcastle-, Blair-oP''^ 
OiffamllaBd, ^ti'd Morris ^6Mlg?«& ^ ord^.her6 rihmed 1^^^ 


best lands, at an average of-each. possession at*e, however, among 
the lesser heritors. The m.os|t>va1Uable. estate in ancient times 
.was, and still is^Baidland, 4i3tii2gui,6he<ii into Baidland-Crawfurd, 
and BaidIand*-Cunninghafne,.fr0m its- respective ow'ners id form* 
er days. Bat the whole is pow whdivided iiito several lesser 

GiFFORDLAKD, situated on the we^ernliotiQdary ,of this divi^ 
sion, was possessed 4>rior to tiie* fat^t^e. of Pinkie ia 1547^* by afa« 
jnily of the .name of Craiyfbrd,as we ,i)n|i^:.fr9ni the retours of 
those tirne^, in which I^al^ella suce^s het ia|;her, John €raW'« 
ford, who fell in that.disa^trQup.^llght) called ilst^aomfe retoua 
Pinkieheugh, and in others Fawsjd^ . Not; Jong afUr this^ it ft^ 
pears amon^ the. title deeds of ^the Kijlmamack. family, at difibr« 
ent times, down to 1655. In 1668, John^lair id re^oured heir 
in this propQrty^ to^ his fath.Qr, 4nd irom <.whQ^ «l deacendedrthe 
present proprietoTi Edward Blair of Qi£^dliiad> resicjUng in Loiv 
don. Tte ^Qps^^ si^iaat^don. a spoi^}'st](?9mlet surrounded with 
old woods^ is getting out; of otddn ^' ; :' 

BiaKET^ qv BiHKHEiDf in the .neighbourhood Mf thelastt «hut 
i^rther up the cpwitryidpp^ i^ retonf in 1586^ to Andrefz^ 
as heir to Ninian Cr^wAird/.bisi&ther. ^In .<ihis fhmily it conti* 
nued till 1765,xben Jtwas sold by William Crawfurd of Pos^Il^ 
to Alexander (>awfurd> iperbhant in Saltooats, .and is.nqw the 
property of his son, James Crawfurd, £$q. in -SftUcpiiM* . • 

Lynne, — This prcy^t^^ 'copsisting of about MO actts of ara« 
b}e land, on the left banks of the Caaf, approaches to the town 
of Dairy. It wq^ long p^^ssessed by a family of the satne name, 
0X9 of that Ilk. In Nisbet's Bem^ks 4»n the Bagman Roll, it ic 
thus taken nptjice of : ** .Walter de JLynne is >vithout doubt the 
ancestor of the Lynnes of that Ilk| a little ancient faqiily in 
Cunningham, but lately .>e8:tii)c(." Thei;e are still many people 
of the name of Linn, or^ as ;;ome of; them $pe41 it, J^ind, not aware 
Qf their own antiqi^ty.^ l^ I^^<^$^'9<^Ucts^ pf Ancient Fo^ryj 

there is a much-admired poem» called the ^^ Heir of Lynne,'* 
vrhich he supposes to be a Scottish legend — ^probably of this very 
>fami]y. This property has for a considerable time past, been 
.parcelled out into lots among a number of heritors, which at 
-present amount to sixteen, f See Table of Valued ^ent j -On one 
^f these, called the farm of Upper Lynne, the ruins of the did 
-manorial place are still to be seen^ but almost obliterated. 

Broadlie is a pleasantly-situated property, of less than 100 
acres, of arable land, about a mile to the westward of Dairy. It 
,was long possessed by a family of the name of Harvie, of whom 
^several are still residing in the parish. From the Armorial Bear^ 
ings of this funily, as recorded by Nisbet, being nearly the same 
with those of Harvey of HBroadland in Aberdeenshire, it seemn 
probable that they are of the same stock. John Harvie in 1676 
.was retoured heir to his father in this property, and in conse- 
quence of a marriage in contemplation in 1683, he disponed 
Broadlie to Robert Montgomery of Bogston, a descendant of the 
family of Gif&n ; and in this family it still remains^ whose des- 
cent can be satbfactoriiy traced down, thus : 

L Robert Montgomeky, who was of Bogston in iBSS^ was 
«ucci^ed in Broadlie by his son, 

IL John Montgomery, who married Anne Harvie, heiress 
of Broadlie^ daughter of the above John Harvie, and his spouw^ 
Catherine Wallace, and by her had his successor, 

III. John Montgomery of Broadlie. He married Margaret 
Gilmour, of Netherkirk in the parish of Neilston, by whom he 
had two sons: 1. Robert, who succeeded his father in Broadlie, 
but died without issue, when he was succeeiled by his brother, 
the second son, 

IV. John Montgomery, who, till this succession opened to 
him, taught a school at Inverary, and where he was employed 
ut times in teaching the family of Argyle. He married Marion 
Gilmour, daughter of Gilmour of Grange, in the parish of Du»- 




lop^ by whom he had issue. He died in 1730) 4and was succe^dr 
ed by his son> 

V. Robert Montgomery, present Laird of Broadlie, who was 
infeft in these lands in 1733, May 10th, and is now in his 90th 
ye^r, and has been seized in these lands upwards of 87 years. He - 
married in 1750 Elisabeth 3tevenson, daughter of Hugh Steven- 
son, shipmaster in Saltcoats, by whom (who died in 1806^) he 
had issue, three, sons ; 1. Hugh, of whom afterwards ; 2w John ; 
3* James, both lost at sea in 1777. Of the daughters, Margaret 
flaarried Robert Patrick of Ward in this parish, (whose great- 
grandfather was common ancestor to the Patricks of Hazelhead, . 
Bough wood, and Drumbowie,) and had issue, seven sons and two 
doughters. The eldest son, Kobert Patrick, Factor to Colonel 
Slair of Blair, married J^an, daughter to John Kirkwood of 
JKersJaud and Pasturehill, by whom he has issue, three sons :.L . 
Hobert ^ 2. David ; 3. .John ; and one daughter, Margaret 

VL HuoH MoNTGOM£RY, the eldest son, was first Port-Officer 
in Port-Gla^ow. He manried Miss Barclay of Hills, in the parish 
of Lochwinnoch, by whom he had issue : L Robert, who died 
in Jamaica i 2. James, of i^hom below; 3. A daughter, Elisa^. 
beth, who died 22d Sept 1819. He died in Nov. 1819, and the 
representation of the family now devolves on the only surviving 
issue of the marriage^ 

VIL James Montgomery, MJO^. at present Physician ta the. 
Dispensary at Helstone m Cornwall, apparent of Bfoadlie, &c. 

The last division into which this parish is naturally arranged, 
is that portion of it which lies beyond the water of Caa£ This 
.consists of .4 distinct properties, possessed by^4 different proprie- 
tors,, all non-resident; namely, — Blackstone, the property of 
Lady Jean Montgomery ; Munnock and Gill, belonging to Lady. 
Mary Montgomery Burgess ; Crosbie Gill, the property of Oaw- 
lurd of Audbnames; and Dykehead, belonging to Mr. John 
Jioowa in Saltcoats. 

There is much of this division^ a deep fertile loam ; a cottsi<- 
derable proportion sound hill pasture; some of it of a moorish 
nature ; and on Mn Crawfurd's pmrt there has lately been put 
down 9 adres in plantation* There is no house, except for the 
tenants, on any part The whole has hitherto been ill accommo* 
dated with roads, but the new road in progress from Kilbride to 
Dairy, passing this way, when comjdeted will render the access 
easy, and tend greatly to the advantage of all these very improv- 
able subjects. These properties extend to upwards of 1000 acres. 


Properfiii. Propriti^rs. A s, 4f S s. d. 

Blair, &c. E. of Garaock, Colonel Blair, - 7 2160 8 8 7 «.«- ,. . 

Hourat, &C.W. of Garnock, Ditto, - • - 5 825 5 ^y 

Lessons, - - - Robert Gi^sgow, Esq. 7 68 a > ly* , , ^ 

Wallace Fauld, - - Robert Templeton, - j 511 OJ <^*'^" 

KeriUmd as under. 
Swineridgemutr, &c. 
East Mains and Highfieh), - 
West Mains and Pasturehill, 
Kerseheady U - - 
Kersloch-Muir, - 
Coalburn and Barktp, 
Barkosh, - - - 

Maulsheid,^ . « - 
Auchingree, Little, 

Do. Meikte, part of 

Do. Do . and Sidehouse, 

Do. another part, 
Tbdholes, - - - 
Brownhill,- &£• 
David's«hill> part of 
Do. two parts, 
Harehexigh, - - 

Total o£Kersland, - - - - - 880 6 8> 

Note. — The following are either included among the above, or pay no Cess—* 
Gienhead, Mrs. Bartlemora; .Meadowhead> William Ker j part dfPasturehlllf James-' 
Ker ; BelUtone, Robert Sp^ar ; Barony Mill, W* Galloway. 

Ryseholme, - - - Earl of Glasgow, «• 123 

Pitcon, - • - John Cockburn, - 1S6 8 4- 

Do. parts of . « - Paton, Boyd, Morris, Galloway, 45 5 0- 

PogartiaadA * « - n Jamos Reid and others, - h^ ^ OJ 

Robert G£»sgow, Esq. 




Robert Templeton, 




John Smith, Esq^ • 



Daniel Ker, 



John SLirkwood, 



John Fulton, 

. " 


Andrew Miller, 

• ■ 


Thomas FowWs, 



Robert Glasgow, Esq. 



William Patrick, W. S. 


87 IS 


Do. and John Cochran, 

• - 




Andrew Mitchel, - 



John Boyd and John Harvie^ 




Robert Ker, 

- ' 




James Ker, 



.William Ker» 



Andrew Smith, - 





H)?irs of Johii Smith, 





Hugh Ker, 





W. Thomson and D. Kyi 





BryceKer, - ' - 






[Pariai of 


Wliitecraig, - 

Rankin's part of Boyd, 



Thornyside, Melkle Mire, 

Whitehill, - 

Swinelees, &c* 


Forretside, &c. 

Gowanleci • 


Hardcrofty - ^ 


John Crichton and others, 


R. and J. Spear, 

Jolin Biggart, 

Heirs of James Wilson, - 

John Biggart, 

Theophilua Paton, 

Heirs of John Spear, 

James Lang, 

A. and J. Houstoun, 

John Greig, 

Robert Lang, 

Total betwixt the Garnock and the Rye, exclusive of 
Col. Blair's as above, - - - 

Betwein the Rt/e and th Xlaaj. 
:Baidland-Cunninghame, 7 ^ , ^ qk^™ 
Blaise, Flaskwood, &c. \ ^*" ^' ^xasgow, 
B^idlani Crawford^ as under. 

Wards, Third^part, Baid- "S Robert Patrick, J. Patrick, ^ 
land-hill, North-Baidland, I Alex. Miller, Esq. J. Craig / 
3outh-Baidland, Cubside, \ H. Archibald, J. Kiddart, \ 
Baidland-MiU, Meadow, J W. WUson, J. Archibald, J 

Auld Muir, &c. 
Windyedge, &c. 
Highlees, part of 
Temple Landa, 
Old Glebe, 
Cloberhill, - 
Ditto, Little, 

R. Morris, Esq. of Craig, 
James Crawfurd, 
Edward Blair, Esq. 
filler of Monkcastle, 
Robert Crichton, 
W. and Andrew Craig, 
Robert Patrick) - 
John Crichton, - 
John Spear, 

Robert Montgomerjr, 
- James Fulton, 
Orchard, A* Muir, W. Paton, 
Four pound land of Ly.ine-| ,^ ^^ ^ ,^ j^^, "j 
as under. — Lvnne, Lynne- ^ «. ' • _ « i I 

laigh,Lynne6aig;,Merks- IPT^^^T^'-^'Th w 
worth, ^Holmes %f Caaf, V^^l^S^; Service, and W. ! 
Bumhouse. J Crawford, 

And 10 small places, 10 different people having among 
themj£41 16. 8. J 

John Whyte's lands, - .Sundries, ,- - • 

Total of this part of the parish, . j« * . 

Beyond iJu Caaf. 
JVIunnock and part of Gill Lady Mary Montgomery, 
Blackstone, ... Lady Jean Montgomery, - 
Gill, part of - - - Crawfurd of Auchnames, 
Dykehead, - . - John Brown, 

Total of this Division, . . - 

Jotal of the Parish, « . . ^ 

43 18 
88 10 


32 10 
10 10 



£ t. d. 

b^S U i 

220 5 4 



5 4 

5 4 

16 8 



9 10 

5 4 

13 4 

228 6 8 

823 1 4k 

19 3 6 

■ . 1855 3 « 

192 11 O 

100 3 4 

41 5 f 

88 17 ri 

422 17 5 
- 165S8 14 t 

^VALRY.] OF Cunningfjamie. 255 

®ingu{at Cabe* — In the limestone rock on the bank of the 
Dusk, in the lands of Auchinskeith, there is a natural Cave 185 
feet in length, containing a number of rooms, some of them of 
large dimension. The inward structure is like Gothic arched- 
work, supported with massy columns and buttresses. The roof 
is shining with calcareous incrustations, and in one side of the en- 
try there is a vein of sulphate of barita ten inches in thickness. 

HntiQUitiW*— -There is adjoining the village, an artificial green 
mount called Courthill. It is of a conical form, rising about 15 
feet above the adjacent ground, and every where regular in its 
shape. There have been different cairns df stones removed in 
this parish, and found to contain stone coffins, with urns and borat 
bones — evidently the doings of very remote times, perhaps as far 
back as those of the Druids:*— at all einents beyond the introduc- 
tion of Christianity into the country. -On the hill of Caerwinnin^ 
the most prominent object in the lower part of the parish, there 
remains evident marks of an ancient fortification. It consists of 
three concentric citcles or walls of dry stone, enclosing a consi- 
derable space. The continuity of the outer wall cannot very 
well now be traced, as the stones have, in most parts, been car- 
ried off to build houses, and pafk- walls, but what of them remains 
shews it to have been very thick. The stones must have been 
^11 brought from a considerable distance, as none, of them are of 
the kind of which the hill itself is composed — which is formed 
ef a very hard-claystone-porphyry.; while in the vicinity of the 
hill the prevailing rock, or substratum, is porphyry overlaid with 
coroloidal limestone, abounding in entrochi. No stones of this 
kind are to be found in the fort. 


William Blair of Blair. 
John Smith of Swineridgemuir. 
Mathew Fortescue of Stephenstoun« 




RNIE Parish is situated north from thd mam 
of tlie parish of Dairy, and east from its nor- 
y wing. On the n.w. it is bounded bj; the pa- 
af Largs ; on the east, by part of Renfrewshire; , 
an the south, by part of the parishes of Beith 
and Dairy. In length from 8.B. to n.w. it extends 7^ miles-^the 
l»-eadth from s.w. to n.b. is from 3f to 2^ mile* As it is pretty 
tegular in the outline, this should indicate an area <^ about 20 
square milea. In fact it amounts to about 19, the number of ' 
acres being 9458. 

(0en«tal ^vearame.— In the lower end, on the banks of the~ 
Gamock, and by the Loch of Kilbimie, the country i» in gemr- 
d flat, the soil fertile and in full cultivation-.' It soon rises b^g^ 
wand higher towards the north-west, till, at the boundary line 
wit^ the parish of Lar^ the hills attain a height of from 1400 
to 1600 feet and more, being the highest in Cunninghame, and' 
hardly exceeded by any within the county.. The cultivated part 
of the -pariah is limited to the lower end, or not extending above. 
8 miles upwanls from the village ; and in this tract the whole 
population is set down. It is also much enlivened by the housx- 
es of the different proprietors, all of which are surrounded less 
or more with growing timber. The hilly lands are generally 
clothed with iine green pasture, except towards the northern ex- 
tremity, where there is a great expanse of heath or moss land. 
$^intti\ff, — Coal and Limestone are found plentifully in the-- 

KiLBiRNiE.] OF CuntrtngSanWt SSS^ 

Ibwet parts, and both are wrought to a considerable extent. 
There is abo a quarry of Flagstone, The substratum of the 
hills is hard whin-stone. 

®OtI — In general a deep and fertile loam inv^he lower parts^ 
and where tillage is more prevalent, whilst the pastures of this 
parish, whether upland or lower down, are among the best in 
the district: than which, nothing evinces so decidedly the natur- 
al goodness of the soil. 

BoaDiS^* — A turnpike road from Dairy to Lochwinnoch run^ 
across the whole of the lower end of this parish, by Kilbirnie, and 
gives very ready access to the most extiensive traqt of the arable* 
lands. From Kilbirnie to Largs there is also an excellent turn- 
pike road, whilst two good parish roads, leading upwarda into 
the interior, complete the accommodation* 

Ciropje^ CultitoateO^-^WHEA.'Fis^^ giown only on the best of the 
lands iiii the lowcrr part^ the parish, and even there^. to a very 
moderate extent. — ^Tuxkup is hardly yet introduced — ^the strong,^, 
deep soil, is indeed little adapted to the cultivation of this root* 
Flax has at tim^s bcpen cultivated extensively, bvA at present is 
limited to small patches for family use, seldom exceeding an 8th ^ 
pfttt of ao aero on any possession* 

fin tillage,.^. ...r*. ..*.., *• 804" 

Cultivated grass land^***** *•»*•*••« 3930 



^ ih*^ i Green hill pasture^*.**.* 2912 i q.-j> 

iSi^S T P^th, moss land,&c 4253 f ^^^^ 

«^*^ Wood^ and gardens, .^ 109' I ^^^ 

LWater, .^ 450J 

ILtbZ !S^tOcL — In addition to the dairy, the great staple of ~ 
the country, the husbandmen pay not a little attention to tha- 
rearing ofyoung stock. Considerably more than the half of the ^ 
cattle grazed, are of this description, and it may be observed thafti 
in. this parish there are more cattle of all kinds grazed in propor — 
tion to the extent of range, than in any other yet taken notice-o^^l 


\ Parish 6j 

Horses of all descriptions,.. ». ..•••...•• 132 

Cattle ditto, 1411 

Sheep, 1100 

Swine,... • 150 

..Town OF KiLBiRNiE. — This village is pleasantly isituated on 

the Xiarnock, about 4 miles n.e. of palry and 2^ miles n.w. of 

Beith, in the heart of a very pleasant part of the country. .The 

houses are handsomely built, and are in general covered with 

blue slate. The ijumber of inhabitants maybe about 700, of 

whom there are. 














The Population of the Parish is altogether 1191. There is 
no other village in it. The country people are all occupied in 
husbandry. There are employed id the country however, 21 
coaliers, -and 8 quarry men, but nearly ail these reside in the vil- 

^anUfactttteiBr* — About ^4-5ths of the weavers are employed 
by the Paisley Manufacturers in working up cottons, &c. There 
is also a Bleachfield ; the other trades -people are employed in 
the customary or ordinary work reqjiii:ed in the parish. 

State of £DucATioN.~There is only one school^ being the 
Parish School^ which has - been successfully "taught for about 45 
years by the present teacher, Mr. William Paton. The number 
of scholars is about 130; and the branches of education are—* 
English, or Reading ; Arithmetic ; Book-keepings and Mensura- 

State 0F;rHE Poor, — There are about .14 poor on the^ per- 
manent roll, who receive each from 5s. to 10s. monthly or about 
^60 a year among them. There are several other necessitous 
people who get relief occasionally to the e;ictent in all of about, 
afil 5 yearly. — -From whence this arises, see Stat Table. 

'KILB1RNIE.\ OF Cunntngtiama. 22r7 

i^intjtftei;iK---siiice the Revolution* 


Wmiam Tullidaffe,... Ejected 

John 61asgow,....«....Aug; 16. 1688 Died in 17^. 

James Smith,.^« May 2. 1723 Died Feb. 12. 173& 

Malcolm Brown^ January 30. 1734...... Died D^ 21. 1794 

Robert tJrquhart5.«fAuguat 6. 1795. 

• This parish is at present possessed by 24 different heritoiHt 
' It was in former timps possessed by three only^ and is still dia* 
tingnished into three baronies^ as anciently > possessed by tl^rcw 
dtatinct families. -Themoft extensive baropy isthat of Kiiai»« 
NXE9 which has been possessed i>y» aqd continues still io the saoMi 
£unily^ by marriage or by su<u}ession, since the year 1397 down 
to the pres^it times^ a period of 443 yeafis. This l^wopy is situ* 
ated on the western side of the parbln 9Pd oooiipies very ne^iitly 
one half of the whole — extending to * more tb|m^7P0 ^orep^ pf 
which nearly 1800 are arable, meadow ^aad woodland* Tliere 
are upon it the remains of a veiPy stately casUe 9^ m^ftor-place, 
of which some notice will be taken under the^hefMi of i^tiqi^l^ 
Iil)idongs to Lady Mary Lindsa^ Crawfnrd, heketia of line of the 
very ancient and noble family of the E^s of draw^nrd and Lw4r 
say ; but as it is only in her capacity of lineal descen^iaiiit of 
Prawfurd of ^^ilbirQie^ tbi^t ^he is <;i|(Hi^|^ted with Ayrsbite? the 
deduction of her pedigree sh^ be liquted to t^ii^t fag^ly* £^/U]^f 
:|^d c^iiefly ^qK-DQUglas;] 

L GcAi.T£RiuB de Ca^WFUBD^ t|^^ ippst rest)p|0 -t^ i^ rlenpii^ 
of the family, is witness to a Charter to the Monastry of CaUli;)gj> 
ham inter 1199 et 1202, H? wa,s succeeded by lits ^Qn^ 

II. Sir Reginald de Crawfdrd, sheri^oC Ay^ His «14fft 
fon^ Hugh^ was ancestpr 0|f the fapsiily pf j^p^mi. tJjjy siy^ond 




III. Sir JoHH CBAWPuim, wag designed of Crawfurd- John, 
from having' acquired a portion, so called from hinlself, t)f the 
great Barony of Crawfurd in Clydesdale, another part of it being 
about the same time called Crawfurd^Lindsay, in cohsetjuence 
of the estate of Crawftird being divided .^moug the daughters of 
the last Sir John Crawfurd of CFawfurdi;*to^one*of ^honwVseems 
probable either this Sir John, or his father,* Sir Reginald, Was 
married ; — there was one* married to Sir D. Lindsay of Wauclioj^e-* 
dale : whilst another was msrried to Jai^mntefefor of ? ihi D^ta^fas 
family. He had a son, Reginald* and a daugfiteF,'MargateV»air- 
ried Id Sir Walter Barci-ay of a family of great rdspectabSity 
in this country about that time, to whom she brought half of the 
lands of Crawfurd-Jobn.Ht&*son> 

IV. Sir Reginald deCftAWPUHD 3ucceed6d' to ^the rttniining 
half of Criswfiird-John. He was a steady adherent te Rt>bert 
Bruce, and from whom lie got the lands of Crtimsliiic (Crumockt^) 
in Cun^ninghame, that had belonged to Johii Balliol. He was suc- 
ceeded by his sott, 

V. Roger de Crawpurd. He was taken ppftorier at the bat- 
tle of Durham in 1 346. He was succeeded by his son, 

VI. 'Malcolm de Crawfurd. He married one of the co- 
heiresses of Galbraith of Greenock/ by whom he had ason^ ^ 
VIL Roger de CRAWPURD^his successor; whose son lliras * 

VIII. John de Crawpurd. He had a Charter in li45'x)f 
lands in Kyle. He was succeeded by his son, 

IX. Malcolm de Crawfurd of Greenock, who married Ma)r<^ 
joty, heiress of Sir John Bifcrdiay of Crawford-John, lineally des- 
cended from Sh^ Jdhn Crawfurd, No; IlUn this account: Whose 
daughter, ' 

IV. Margaret, was married, 'as abovre, to Sir Walter ij^rclay: 
Hiey left issue a son, ' 

V. David Barclay, who we find possessed o( half the latiUs 
of Crawfurd- John in 1357, He was succeeded by his son; . ' ^ ' 

RiLBmmE.] ' or CuniiitislMmer 25» 

VL Sir Hugh Babcbav designed of KilbicnieT as well as of 
half the lands of CrawfordJohn ml&^l. He was succeeded by 
his son, 

VIL Sir Adam Baeci^ay, stiled^ in a^Charter in 1429, Adam> 
fitin$ domini Hugonis de KUbirhy Miles. He^left issue a son, 

.VIH. Si!r' John- BftacLAT'of Kilbirnie and Crawfurd-Jobi2> 
vbo4i6d without isBu^inide in 1470,^ and < whose only daughter 
Maijisry was married to 

^ iXi MALcoLir^l^WFijRiyof CreeBock as above (see No»I^») 
wherjsby iSke heirs Male and^ieiirsof line of this family became 
united. Hie got aCharter from James IV. in 149St9 Maholm 
Jffr^Mgfn^de Greenacki tfrrammde Kilbirnie, dimidietat haranim 
de Crawfurd'John. There were four sons and a daughter of thia 
marrifigei (whieb daughter >niaKri44 Sir Adam Cunn,i9ghame of 
Ga|>m>gt<yi>) ; he mamed^ly ^Marian, daughter of th^^rst XiOrd 
Criehtoa;* They were succeeded by their eldest job, . 

X. * Bobert.Cbaw^obb^o£ Kilbiroie and CrawfUrdrJohn. ^ He 
married Margaret, daughter of Semple of Eliotstoun, atiddie^in 
1^1 8i- and was succeeded by the on)y> son of the n^f^iage, ^ 

XL La&rskgb Crawfurjo of Kilbirnie. . £(e, exchai^d thi^ 
iatidsf of Crawfurd-^John, with Sir James. Hamilton o/iFynayt, for 
the lands of Drumry, in 1528. He married Hel^n^ dai^ghter.of 
Sir Hugh: Campbell of Loudoun, by rwiwm he had six s^ and 
two daughters ; of the sons, ThomMv , the sixth, wasaoceator of 
the Crawfurds' of Jordan^rhilk ' He died in: 1£47^ and wa^ ^^ 
eeeded by hia eldest son, 

Xll* HvGH CRAWFuim of ^ilbi]»i6,- wbtr fought in ^!^ b^tt^e 
of Langsidei Miajr 18€h>156^, on rti^ sideof Qiteen Mary< He 
married 1st Mtirgarety daughter of'Colquhoun of Luss^ bywhom 
he M a ^ot) wlio succeeded hftn'} S^y^ £mfi|>j^tb,^ dfu^ter of 
Barclay of Ladyland,by whom he had a son and three djaughtera , 
:He di^ in 1576, and was succeeded by his $on of the ^^^^ ma»- 

/'s w. 

960 pAMPtf »!.♦». pasoMPTioN iFaniiAof. 

g^fltet, dau^iter of Canningbtoftt »f. ^Jiwigwpo^k. by w|u>m J*e; 
had two sons and a daughter. He diad in 1592, aad ■vnt&m/Bh^ 
oecded by his eldest «Qfi» ■•"'.•:. 

XiV. John GiuwruRp K>f KUJbiqvie^ wha married Margaret^ 
daughter of Blair of ik^9t Jiktfby ;W^/q«| j^ M thjjeiei soi»^d 

two daughters. ilfi,di« i^2^ «9l4i¥a%«»flci§4^fry? bh^ ^l^r 
est' son, .^' i>' •./-.^- •' • -; * 

XV. JoBti CjiAW$>paQ Qf ^i^irniet wbo i^qb^ilt t)va hoj^se of 
Kilbimie in 162^. M» 9wrried 2,4B^ M$xi/i i(?¥P W(> g h»yy y<i^yiglir 
ter of the ^rl of Glenc^irn, j^y -w^l^ni I^.^^ -t^f^f^^Qiui anjdMwa 
diu^hters. He died in 16S9, . fiml mm mms>f>M by bts^^i:]^ 

$0n« «♦ 

XVI. Sir J<mN (]:iuwiH7ibiAf^Kilbiri)k»iWbft«^ I^OHglM 
by Clunrles L and took a pait in the dvU waciR -. |If {iM|v<^ilill 
a daughter <)f Jjotd. BwrMigb by wbew b0 Iwd' f)0.-. issHe^ Sdly 
IJIagdalane, daiigiiter of JUixiii Xord QlflWgi^ byj l^ilpm. I\^:had 
two^ught^nt 1. Anne, JMiiied ta , Sir ^)ub(^4 ^ft^n^i^^flf 
BlackhiiU^ fnmi.wfai(&«iMm«^l9^df8ftiqM lb$(IWfflWl^^liJ^ 
filadkb^ll and Aiidgowan.; % fAwBgfitek.m^f^ mf^mfA ^f^^ 
•econd son of John the I5th £aii Qi-^ktml^iV^ fH}4 %#«if^]Und! 
say^on whom Sir Jobn ^ettled.the whole oifthe &iniljeft«t6i Sit 
John iying. m 16619 Ithe. i^{»r0ft9P^|ipn pf th^^ 'o^' 
Goraelios Crawfurd of Joird^n-hUlj as heirfinale.fsee No. XL 
above) ; but in ike estate of. JKUbirpiet &c# J19 'firits titpn^eil by 
his youngest daughter, , . 

.XVII. MabqaB;^ G«4W«iJi|i> aii4 ^ i^^ 
^aayi who nowf iu copsequeniperof ibe entaiji . a^anned ihfi i^fui^ 
of Crawfitfd of Kilbjrnie. Of this inairi<)g^ tbec^ )^fe tlur^ 
aons. ttid three daughtei^. Margaret died in 1 SSOf wlusn Pjl^idk 
died is not mentionedt but they yrefe #i)GP9ed/ed by^iiieir eldest 

XVIIL John Cbawfubd^ of Kilbimie^ who came earl^ JuBt^ 

the EevoIuti<ni, s»d m 10&$ vr^chtMetk ULaaAm of <jMe 

PvtlMmeAt^ thaWiw of Ayr, Andagtki in the fitst Fttla. 

^nent^f Qneea Anne, bt 1705 he^was-nased todie BtxMgi ^ 

' tilie title of VtMouBt of ^Mouttt-Crawfhrd, wfaicb aftsnriids te 

got jfttered to that ^ 6»fn«dc. He 'mamed Lad;f "MirgiaMit 

Stewart, daughter of tfie £arl of Bute* hj whom he had five-sons: 

■ 1. Patrick; 2. John; 3. James;* 4. David; 5. Charles; andthree 

dauj^tecs* He died nb 170SU aad^ros svuneedaalby his eldest 


XIX. Patsiok seoood Vfaeouifr Oabekocie. Me mtamAWm 
JEi9iB9» daughter «f Geoige Home* Esq. of Kelly, by whom he 
had two aoast and thfee ^brnghtersi . His eldest davghter. Mack 
garet, was married to David fiifet Earl otGhaigom,of wheiri'lle 
picaeiBt Earl is dMeeutifed. He diad in 17S7, and waa sneomdail 
' bj his only wrviring son* 

XX. GcoitfiBtibird V|seotiKr'6&iiHooK»wlio<aeotededtotfaf» 
honours oi &awf«rdt &c. on the death of loha the eightMiMll 
Sad. H0 marri^ Jean* danger of Bahort HaiuikeB, £k}. «f 
BourtcaehiU, by -whom be had thraeaoas and two dJuighthrs : 

1. G«oi|^ of whom afterwania. 

I bI!^^ } ^^ "°"**"^^ 

4. Lody Jeim* married in ^1772, to Axchihald Sfd of r^tiXimi 
bat died in 1778, in her 21st yiear, without Issha 
S0 I^ady Mtffyt of whom afterwards. 

^ llitiMlDwiqg.MngnvhapiieaiierijnilM 
«« We are infonned tLat Jphii LindMy Cnorfiud, £iq^ from M^y ^ in tkt ^ 9 M% 
4pf estabUshing faxs propinquitr a$ heir of the title of Crawfurd and Liudsaj. tfe k 
aefit^gpoAum of Imes i^rd eon of Jcimdife first ViicMttt of -OanMiafcy 9Ad'm$ 
dfictst aon ot Patrick Lindsay second son of J6^ fowrteenUi Earl of Crdpfurd wd fint 
'^ti Lindsay. He resides at pfesent in Ayr.* Tlfis cause was afterwards bmi^i W- 
fore the pKopo^5:oarts at Edinbtt]>|h sfcont 7 pnrs %got% Vvt Mr.. Cmtbai^'iB the 
course cl exhibiting evidence of ha relationship, W9f comricted of producing some M« 
pen that were fer^ for wUdi he was sentenced to'Ityeartf ba^iMtittte^ and im 
tniiispQitoi taJBotany Aay arawdio^. 



»AmeULAB DSSCftlPTIONv [Pdrrtsft of 

His Lovd^ip died in IfSl^ and was«ucoeed^ bjr his eldest soiTi 
XXL Geoboe Lindsay 'CfiAVFt^Riv fourth Viscount '6a knock, 
tiwairtieth.Earl of Crawfubd^ aadouxth Earl^of Lindsay; Lord 
Lieutenant of Fife^* and a Major-Gen. in the Army; His Lordi^ 
ship died unmarried in I8O89 and was succeeded in his estates 
in Fife^ Danbartonshite and AjnTshice, by hia only remaining sis*- 

XXL Lady Maivt Linos ay> Crawfubsd ; of €rawfurd>^Linc^ 
say and Gamock, &c. 

NeKt eastward from this is situated the Bffirony of Glengar- 
nock« It extends over about 1500 acres^ on both sides of the 
Garoocks of which more than 1 100 is remarkable good arable land, 
and the remaindel^ moor paatora Of this. Lady Miry Lindsay 
Crawfucd possesses nearly 700^ acres of the arable land, together 
with the superiority of ail the rest Mr. CoohFan of Lady land h 
proprietor of abote 150 acres of the an^le landi and eight dif- 
ferent lesaer proprietors (ail resident) possess am6ng them about 
fi70 aeres,^ wiiilst the moorluids of it are occupied in common by 
them alL This very valuable Barony was, at a very remote period^ 
possessed by a family of the name of jftiddeli, the heiress^of which 
was married about the year 1365 to iHenry Gurniinghaaie of Kit 
maurs, according to DouglaS) but according to Wood, to Galindus^ 
ike aoa of this Henry ;^but wfaidi* Galfridus, according to botb,^ 
was the immectiate ancestor of the family of Cunninghame of 
Glengaraock, a family that* continued in great splendour till 
little more 'than 150 years ago, when it seems to have declined;* 

The^ast JBarony to be mentioned of the three, is that of La- 
djriand. It is situated in the north-eastern quarter of the parish^ 
and extends over about 2000 acres, of which' nearly the half is 
arable, and the rest sound hill pasture and moor. Of the arable 
lands, about 400 acres are possessed by 12 difibrent heritors, in 
vlirlQus portions from 15 acres, up to 1 16, which is the largest 
that any of them possess^ the general extent being from 20 to 40 

♦ \ 


KitiBmsiE.'] OF Ctmniitg^Niiii; ^ M^ 

acres each* They are all resident Hiey hanre all a servitude of 
pMture over the moor/ The-greaibody of this Barony however be-^ 
longs to Wm Cochran » Esq. of Ladyland, who resides upo& it, lit 
a handsome mansion recently erected in the vicinity ofthean^ 
^Mentseat^ situated^ on a banb is a hollow^ among surrounding 
high grounds, about a^^ mile and 'a half north * from the village of 
Kilbirnie — but yet command, to different points, some beautiful 
views of the country towards the sooth and the sea. 

This BsCrony has been possessed by different families at diiS 
ferenC periods*^ Douglas refers ^ to a Charter dated in 1426, to 
shew, that David the n^Lt eldest brother of James the first Lord 
Hamilton^ was aneestorf 4uiioDg other descendants, to Hamikott 
of Lady land; How soon this m^t have taken place does inol 
appear, but we fifid frmn the preceding genealogy Now XIL thai 
H was possessed by a family of the name' of Barclay before the 
year 1576 ; and^again hi 1689 David Barclay is* retoured heir to 
his ifiither^ Sir David^Bnclay of Ladyland and AuchiBhuiff,'(iii 
the vicinity,) united to it in one iioMkin jtmi.^^ It should seem, that 
ifet soon after passed from* this family ; :for in ^1691 John Blair is 
letdured in these^ lands. The first of the name of Hamilton, that 
Itppeaisw' these retours, as> proprietcMr of Ladyland^ is in 16901 
when John^ Hamilton is retoured heir to his father, XDapt. William 
Hamilton of Ladyl^tid^ in the 5 merk lands of Over and Netbei^ 
Ardodis in thfe rdgaliiy of Kilwinning. This i&mily of HamiU 
•DtM>f Ardodi bad^been^possessed x>fthat property, -in the vioi-^ 
nity of Kilwinning, for some generations previous to *42iis... In 
1683 Magister Gavin Hamilton was retoured heir to his father, 
J^mes Hamilton, of Ardoeh and otlter lands near Kilwinning, 
and of Rouchbank and Crummock near Beith. In 1637, James 
Hamilton is retoured heir to his father^ Gavin Hamilton, in these -^ 
different properties, and who was still stiled Magister, probably- 
from having, been a Clergyman, as it was usual in those times so^ 
to distinguish a churchman. WheJ^her this last James was the^ 



fb^biBr of Of>tam William HamiUon (^ Ladjlaad, does not qwi^ 
ap^pefir; b«t t^ <jhis Wi^iain wta^^thf same lamUy of Ardooli 
appftfU!9 ioDOBtesteble, aod ifa A\ n^phptaiMty tj^e liUiiea Uneal des* 
cendant of.Ma^ster Gayiiv 

.Though the first retomr.thitt is pi|>yshod of tbft Himiltooff 
of LadjUnd is dajted in 1690) ye^il^y were ip p09«ei^iQi» of it 
a coasid:er«h}e iiots before, 89 i^ Appuroot^^ttpuvt^Af #ifr«ld omiv* 
sion stiH renwjliog* in vvihieh tbeir mm^ if Mi#^M ^^ 4«te 
166% John Hamilton who wm xotouml in ^.adjla^d lA X690» 
sold the property to Alexander i|i9 ninth £§H <^F<g|wrta»i • ftir 
7Mn before the yew? 1716i aad tb* £arl w^ it J09n i^W tp Wn* 
Cofjhmii of.£40ft*.p«»iBb of LodtwiiMMcb* whiw MNcin wim pirt 
on. reeocd ia Hie fifchJan* 1718. He manriod ^rgawt Orr* of 
£aater Gtayoi tod othoiS) by vtbom he hadiMiiek WtUiam> wd 
ivie d»Hgbtei)i» He dtod Slat D«o. L7A5^ aad wm oneooedod ^ 
l»is oUest •»» William.. Cihshsaise M'IdMljiMid, who in 1756; 
n^rj^ Jiuiot 6i«4g0w, daughter o^ Bi»b*rt CHaqfow* £»}. of 
BwdvoohobiiAi part of the eslitieof Gfengarnock* ikter to iM)«»t 
GUMgovrt £aq. of .Mo«a^;reeaiia, by Whom ho hod tui i0B» ood 
ibiur dmghterf. Ho died 13tk Feb. 180S» imd waa tuMeedod by 
hii ddo«t aoB, William Cocfamneb now of Ladyland* yrikp on tht 
S^ Sept 181^, married Catfaecino Hamyten>.j^reat-graad*d«ii^ 
tor of the last Hamilton of I^yiand, (and matorio WilHam H»« 
^pnikon* Ssq. of Craighlaw* Lieut, in the 10th Regt of Dngoon4 
or ^riniQe of Walcgi' own JE^gimeot of Hiuitai^) asd haa 'iMmmm 

- ■..•' ■ 



.jvr*"^' - ■ 


£. t. i. 

^ t. 


Saroay of Kilbirnie, 


I^ M. L. Crawfurd, ■ 

S7S 10 


Do. Gleosanwck, patt 


Do. . . 

«»1 io d 

Bashaw oi Barahav> 


WUliun Oxbxvi, Em, - 

«o (> ? 

Blaekbani and BirUiiU, 


Do. . . 


BridgeafUsoint, .;^,,. 


Da. ■ - 


BanlSw^ - - 


Mr. Broilic, . . . 




Mr. Bsrdiy, . - 

SI ft 

Wattiestsa, . 


Mr, Eie, . . , - 

SI 6 



Mr. Peeblei, - - 




Ballieston. North, - 


M...Waltai ,. - 


Bridgend, Nordi, - 


Mi.'Alim, - - - 

18 13 4 

I^^dsidA- - - ' 



Total of Glenganwck, 


987 > 



William' Cochran, Esq. - 

135 S 2 

Gleagaith, - ' .■• . 


Mr. Blo<lie, - - 

. 9e IS i» 

k 1 

RasSlygate, - 


Mr. Walker, 

*» 9. ? 

WUnniUM, J 


Mr. AUan, . - 

Gatesi(fe, ^, 


Mr-Ban, -, - - 

IS Si « 



Mr. Allan, - 

IS 3 « 


Mr. Gemmel, 

■ Ss 6- S 

LangUnde, South* 
■V^attast,' - ' - ■ 


Mr. Wallier, ,- ,- 

64: e .a 


Mr. Wilson, . ,-■ 

se 6 s 

Redbeogti, i- •* 


Mr. jMian, J •■- ' ■- 

-sa :e-« 

Baillieston, South. - 


Mr. Logan, . - - . 

■lO 7,!W 

Auchiiinove/ Nortrf, 


Mr. Robertson, 

31 2 U 

Auchiuhore^ South, 

Mr..BmclaT,, - ■.- 

s'l ■2ir 

Total of Ladfland, 

.. :.. ' i*! 




t^otei of the pwifh, 

vm i« 


,t>tO. €;^tte of (;ei(en<P!cno(k 

2G6 I»4BTfdpba. DB80BIPTI0N [TaHUt qf 

dntt^Uttteietvr-The old Qacde /dfrGlen^nmock is perhaps a- 
mong the most ancient and. xoost^stately ruinous fabrics in Ayr- 
shire. It is pitched on the top^ dfwahigh precipitous roek, in a 
peninsula formed 1>y the Garnock^ about 2 miles north-west of 
the village, of Kilbirnle. ' To look .down from it is awful. The 
rock on which it is erected, appears ta be from 80 fo 100 feet in 
height, altog^her perpendicular, .whilst the buikling -itself is of 
great elevation. The deep chasm with which It is jiearly sur* 
rounded, is dismally dark^ the waters being almost hid by the 
overshadowing woods, springing from both aides^of the stream^* 

There is no account, nor tradition^ at wlint tifne it^was erect-* 
ed, nor by whom — ^whether by its last Lords of the family of 
CuBninghame^ or by the Biddels who. preceded them. It hasr 
no affinity in its architecture to the sombre square towers so fre- 
-quent in this part of the country ; and yet it is fujly as ill ^ccom^ 
modated wkh lights. There is no appearancet>f works xif defence,, 
neither gun<-ports nor arrow-slite. . Itisrindeed so inaccessibley. 
that confidence might be placed <for security in its natural situa- 
tion. It ia. at present much delapidated ; — ^the out buildings in* 
particular can be traced only by their .foundations. It belongs 
to Mr. Cochran of Ladyland.^ 

KiLBiaNiE Castle. — This ancient seat of the Crawfurd family, 
Viscounts of 6arnock,.is situated about a mile' west of the vilDl^ 
of Kilbirnie. It is composed of two distinct edifices, erected at 
two different periods. The most ancient is a iiuge square towet 
of great height, with very massive walls, and a very scanty supply 
of lights. Though evidently built ftfr defence^ yet, as it has no'*' 
gun-ports, it must have been erected before the invantion of fire* 
arms ; and, of course, in the days of the Barclays, its most ancient 
proprietors. . The other, which is adjacent to it, and forms a 

'»»»*^V» %»»»»% »%%i»'<'^'*»%%»»V»%%%^»%%%VS%%»»»%»»V^ »»%%■»%»%< 

* There is a tradition in the neighbourhood^' that Glengarnock Castle is the an- 
cient castle of Hardt/knutef of equal legendary fame in the Battle of ]!«args. See some 
Vtice of this tsken^ in an article in the appendix. 



09 CtmiiiiiiiHimei 


right angle with itj is not only miich more moderni but has been 
a- very commodious and elegant mansion. • It was built in 1627^ 
by John Crawfurd of Kilbira*^ (No. XV. in the genealogy) who 
died two years thereafter. It Underwent a great repair about the 
year 1756, by George the nineteenth Earl of a Crawfurd, and the 
first of this house that enjoyed that titles In the very time, that 
it was undergoing this renovation, it vfm burnt to the ground by 
accidental fire, and from a cause which remained long unaccount- 
ed for. The carpentefs had nearly finished their operations^ 
They were working in the garr0t story. They had no fire there, 
and by way of precaution,^they locked' the doors of the apartments 
in the evenings when they left off work, and carried the keys with 
thern^ - They had left, however^ the garret or sky4ight windows 
open. It was through these that the fire found access firom a 
foul chimney, that was set on fire, by one'^of-' the Ladies of the* 
family, having inadvertently thrown the melted grease in the* 
socket of a candlestick, into a grate^in the lower stoi^, about the* 
time she retired to bed. Even the firing of the chimney, was 
not at the instant discovered, as the flame did not issue from be^ 
lowr but r altogether at the top of the vent^ This circumstance 
which was known to only one of the fernale servants, or rather to' 
a nurse, at the time was^carefuUy concealed, and the burning was 
always accounted supernatural, till^Jibout 24 years after, when, on 
the death of the Eiu*l, it was divulged. This house has still a dig-- 
nified appearance, even in its ruinous state. At the period of its 
destruction, it was among the best mansions in the county oP 
Ayr. It would make a good mansion still. The walls are quite^ 
entire ; the architecture is in a respectable style, and the situation^ 
is remarkably good. . 

y»( MPft Wi >l> nPy8Wwiow l^oiA^^ 


I Parish is situated south-east Stem -that of KH- 

e w)d next '.to it It is otherwise bonhded, by 

of Benirewshfre on the norUi^^est ; by the p»- 

of Duahp on the aoufch-aa^ ; aad by thosfr of 

ioniag and Dairy, ob the sontkwid ^westor^ 

pOMKts. It ia.abQttti5 mjJbs long from s«w. to k.b. wbilatitsgrM^* 

e4 breadth; frore vw tq ae ia, about & imlea and a half. The ex- 

t«Qt i^ ^js abf^k 16squaretniles,aft will move precisely appeM 

,i<fi|a,i^«9ntetit4 ia pakrticuW, to be »fter'Statedl . 

.Xbi^ pacisb may be con^dered under two grand divisions, 
wh^t ^i4H to thq Reformation, appear, to have been- two 8^»> 
rate paiii^h^ i lOr, as still distipguished by thenunesrofthe Bas- 
ONT- of B^i^H jpoevpyiag the fiortlb-weat; quaver, and thd-JLoitD- 
SHW of GtPfiNv-oQ; the south-east There is also fihe territwy of 
Shitterflai op the north-east aide, but that making part of the 

Shire^fOfKeu&eWiia not included ia this account.. 

^inecaltf. — Coal ha» been parti^iy wn>ught';:;but:no(4>e3iig' 
(^a.very promisiagappearwice, the wocka bavebeeh tUeAMrtioe- 
ed:- but may be reaewed,, when tlwt saiaecai becoroes acdrcet lA 
the neighbourhood. — Limestone is very plentiful^ and haa been 
long wrought extensively, more especially on tbelandsof Btoad*' 
stoue, from whence a great tract of country is supplied with lime- 
In one part there, it is full of petrified shells of a non-descript 
species, and as it takes a fine polish, it is now used as a marble 
io ornamental work, as chimney-pieces, &c. and is certainly very 

kBEIth.] of Cuiminj^fimt. 269 

' applicable. It is uncommonly rich ; exhibiting an endless va*- 

' riety in the combination.— Freestone for building also aboundis. 

— Whinstoke too^ h very general ;- much of the parish being rn- 

. cumbent on it. 

%Oii»*— This is as various^ as are the minerals under it, frMn 
which most of 4t is derived. There is some mossland al90 and 
clay ; but a great proportion is of a loamy nature, especially in 
the vicinity of the town, whereit is remarkably fertile, and fit 
for every agricultural purpote. 

StOaiMtt — Few parishes are better provided, and access to 

^ every estate almost in it, is had in various directions and at coA'- 
venient distances. "Road materials abound every where, and 

though the surface'of the country is much diversified into heights 

* and hollows ; yet, as in the modern science of road^making, these 
are carefully avoided, travelling ish becoming every day a work of 

* less labour; notwithstanding that there may still remain a few 
awkward pulls,to which improvement has^ not been fully extended. 

CtOINit <S^llAtitiateII« — ^Wheat, very sparingly, though the pro- 
duce is generally good, and the soil, through a great part of the 
^parish, is well adapted to it— Flax is grown pretty extensively, 
. there being many small^elds of it raised for sale, whilst there is 
-a very general sowing of it in small patches, for family use. 
Turnip has long been introduced, but the cultivation of it is far 
'from being general, and in no place to any considerable extent. 
/Potatoes are cultivated on a large scale with great attention, add 
the returns lare xery liberal. — Oats are the great crop here, as in 
all the district^over, whHe Beans and^ Barley are grown in sms^l 
proportions only. 

fin tillage,......^,.. •.*.v..v 1596\ 

Cultivated grass land and meadow, 4S4(X I Total 

Hills and.other natural pasture,... «••••• 1^60 ^ 7676 

Moss land, 200 

Woodlands and' gardens, ..• 256 

^Roads, &c • .....; J2f 

3 Y 




ILibe ^tOCikf — A considerable number of young horses are 
bred here, and the race is very good* The dairy stock is still the 
most prevalent among the cattle and of the same good kind, as 
already noticed. Sheep ace only to be found in small parcels, . 
but all over the parish. 

Horses ofall descriptions,.**. ««*«M««^f* SJi7 • i 

Cattle ditto, * 4 m.^ • 1680 

Sheep, ^ ........^... 5?Q 

Swine, • «•.«••#••••«••««••« 340 

Town op Beith. — This place, which in respiect to. population, 
ranks as the fourth in Cunninghame and the sixth in Ayrshire, has 
. attained to this distinction, in nK)deni itimes. About the «ra of 
the Revolution in. 1688, it contaiaed only five dwelling-houses, 
besides the kirk and minister's iBt»se. In^ 175^, when the late 
Rev, Dr. Webster collected an account of the population of Scot- 
land, this town and parish was returned at 2064 souls, of whom, ^ 
It is supposed, there might be about 700 in the tpwn. In 1792,. 
it contained 1754, and in the last census, which was taken in 
18H» the number was 2408 in the town, and 1411 in the coun- 
try parts of the parish^ It has continued on the increase since 
that time, so that it may be &irly estimated now at 2600 souls ; 
and as there; are about 14Q0 in the country^ henc^ the popula- 
tion in all will be id>out 4000. # 

tj^anufactutetf^-*^ About 100 years agp, the chief manufacture 
io the parish was a*kind of coarse Unen, which was also bleached 
here before it was sent away. This g^ve plabe to a spinning of 
fine yarn, and that again was superseded in a great measure by 
a white-thread manufactory^ about the year. 1760. The weaving 
of silk was also introduced about that time, and continued for 
some years to increase so much as to bring in ^100 weekly to 
this town, but being overdone, or rather the fancy in Ladies' dress 
taking a different turn, it declined rapidly about the year 17^3, 
but. was succeeded by the muslin trade, which for a time flourish- 


OF Cunningliame. 


ect greatly) till it^ too, got beyond its natural bounds, so as to end 

_ • 

about 10 yesrs ago in a kind of general bankruptcy among the 
speculators, who in excuse for their own imprudence might lay 
the whole blame on the taxes and national debt, which indeed 
has long been the acape-goat of every overstretched adventure. 
The weaving of muslin and other soft &brics for the Glasgow 
and Paisle;^ Manufactucers is still the chief occupation in Beith 
-—there being hardly any other crafts but such as are required 
every where lor the resident population, unless it be a small tan- 
nery* The employment at present of the inhabitants will appear 
as under. There being of - 









f% *»<<<»< 




























Surgeons 5, Writers 12, Booksellers 2, Druggists 3, Inns and 
dram-^shops 33, Grocery shops 34, Cloth shops 8, Iron-mongery 
shops 2. Also in the country parts, 8 Smiths^ 4 Wrights, 2 Mar- 
sons and 2 taylors; • 

The town itself is pleasantly situated on a hill side, which 
occasionjl a ready descent to the waters — washing the streets on 
every shower. The streets are some of them spacious enough j 
many of the houses are handsome and elegant, and the place it- 
self is the residence of many genteel families. It is situated on 
Ae great road "hietwixt-trvine and Paisley, at about 11 miles of 
distance Trom each. 

BJcCLESiASTie^L State.- — From the records of the churdi, it t 
clears that in 1556 Thomas Boyd was " Reidar at Baith, his 
stipend XX. lib. with the Kirk land to be pay it out of ye thrid of 
Kilwynyng, 1 ch. iiij bollis raeill.'* In 1593, Mr. John Young-, 
was minister ; and his stipend, ^' the haill parsonage of Baith, ^ 
xL iij li. v. 15. nioney ix. bollis iij fer. ii pecks meill with the vicat-- 

£72 PARTicuLAB DEscMFTioN [Parish x^ 

age thereof and mans and gleib." About this time, the Earl of 
•Eglinton, then the principal heritor, feued out the five houses, 
mentioned before, for the accommodation of those persons who 
travelled to liear sermon. These still exist under the name of 
the ^^ five feus," and are all the property that the Earl of Eglin* 
ton now has in the rparish. In 1603, Hugh the fiflh Earl, ob- 
tained the patronage, of this parish, along with that of many 
others,, in <!onsequenee ^f his grant from the Crown of the Abbacy 
of.Kilwinning. In 1633 there passed anvAct of the Scots Par- 
liament for reedifying the Kirk of Beythe, in some more conve- 
nient place for the parishioners, ^^ who cannot (at that time) good- 
lie address and convene thameselfis thairto be reason of the 
stormes of weather and of the deep and evil wayes." The Kirk, 
however, was never removed but stood in its old site (where its 
ruins still remain,) till in 1807 when a new church was founded 
in a more elevated station, and wjiich was finished in 1810. It 
is 81 feet by 5fi, over walls; about 32 feet, the side walls in height, 
;and cost ^455 including a high square steeple, in which there 
is an excellent bell, a gift from;JRobert.Sheddon, Esq. of London^ 
a native of this parish. In 1645, Mr. FullartoQ>.a man of distin- 
guished abilities, was mim^ter of Beith ; in 1672, Mn Maitland, 
an indulged minister, who in 1676 had a Mr. Creighton conjoin- 
ed with him ; in 1681 4 Mr.j Robison « Curate .was put in, to the 
great dissatisfaction of the people^.^who could hardly keep their 
iiands off him. In 1691. Mr. Orr, a ^nuine Presbyterian minis- 
ter was placed, in whose time the weekly piarket-4dy was chan* 
ged from the Saturday to the Friday, on which it still continueB. 
The succession, &c. of the ministers from that period, will appear 
as arranged below. 

^inllStCtlSt — since the Revolution. 

NAMES. ADMinED, ate. TRA^'SLATED or D1B1>. 

Alexander Orr, i6&l .-Trans. 1700to St Quivox. 

Robert Cameron,..^... 1701*.«.«».^.«««../ Died 1735. 





1 Adm. Pr^f. of DiV. 
Wm. Leechtnan, D.D.. September 30. 1736. v College pf Glasgow 

) sFaniS. 1744.; 

'J Trans, to- the Laigfai 
J. Witherapoon* D.D-April 1 1. 1745...*..... ?• Church, Pi^sley, 

A June 16. 1757. 
ibavid M'Lellan, August 4. 1758 1)ied Oct. 22. 1796. 

Robert M«Ve7^... j Feb 25 1 796, assist- 7 ujed July 3. 1811.- 

/a^ 1^ ant and successor. 3 ^ 

James Muir,.4.M-..ow.».«Ap]^il 26. 1812. ..;• 

In 1727) the old glebe^ consiBthig of 3^ or 4 acres» was ex« 
changed witk' Lord Egtinton, for the present one^ consisting of 
more than 40 acres — ^no reason assigned^, except thtt this last. was 
waste knd, supposed : to 'be unimprovable* It has, however, 
been improved^ and is/nowconsidered to be among the best land 
in the parish,* 06 vfhidi ther ciitcufnitance, that it lets from- £S to 
£6 an acre, is no small jebidancai. > : - .:i: .. n r ... :«; 

,. (tSTATE.OF £DiJCi/cibNi^There«ttre 1^ i-sDh^^jLia itfaaei parish, 


' * ^ tie was' a KneahdeslrencfaiVof 'the renowned John K,^iioxi the*ScdttlA Retorm- 

l!r>.4Iy^l^^wAo^^/s».T'•^^f^H4^a«^^ wKerf , his {^^yrun^fx^ex, wlwvwJis 

?i man eminent not only for piety, but for literature, .and for a habit of creat accuracy 
n A hit wntihgi' afM* ndiscourseb. Helabe the ^iiA^tiM ih^^fM^tii^ 1^4 ^ipj^^sA 

«a km MAjfk iiJi^p^cs ofi Ad pcxkf in f5»r^'vK ^j^f^ f9d fP^^^^ Sp VM^ ^* 

was all his lifetime distinguished — combined with a nrnin^ss and decision of tnaracter, 
^ ttuij he 8ai&h«4iJid aiteitiditAry' tmi^nef ta ilTerti J 9%ii6 idicA Ibd JUImKoi&dC 
ms ljTp;ce#u^ t()p^ a d^^d^ n^t, W^f^ 
yel known to nis parishioners in Seilh, he animafed tnem so enecfually to enrol them- 

uktttmVjakMj^ iMbebafMioffiQi^ 0«DrgiBb(^tbe4in^diin j» onisutento 

oum^er of them |o ma^ch^ralpi^ with himself* to-Glasgpw, to loiiv the Royal Force& 
<ut%er^^fro*m tAat fdse cotifidence'Vhich sJ^ft^ri IsSimey ^{jemichitw to *«tif -tfti 

ordered home. He himself however continued with the army, ^nd biemg at the dis- 

rmy, a 


iotrras! Bdttfe of Vaftlrk, w^s Aet^ t^fti^n^t^^t^Qr,^ alid tonl^ itPifik 

^ ^^^ ^fflwpi !^idje. r«nult jOf ,th^ :5lit<|^,of flyjloden ^^^ j^.^ndjodier/^ jo r^ 
gam their liberty. He left Paisley ah 1,768, and went to Anxerica, whcr^he was ap- 
pbfi^ted P^e«(Mif ^f th^olkge of lUlncefoh inmw J^n^nTghtik he introduce^Hs- 
tp.tbfiir philosophy. -all 4he most Jiberal 'and modern xmnrovemQPts of Europe; and 
learmng-receivea an extension that was before unicxjown-in the American seniinanes. 
After l)»viii| been.ryeinrs a rejMredefttati^etif iiliEi PtMince bl MeW Jarsejrvili die.41ato 

fress pf tl^e. United ^tjites, he died on the 15th Noy, 1794, in the 78d year, of his aw. 
tis works, ih 9ttfls;8Vo, vfrer^ ' published 'kiEdinbiirgh ml 804V w • ^' - ^ *-^ V 


274 TAwncmjkn description [Part«A^ 

of which 8 are in the town. The number of scholars in all is 
495, which is ajxiong the. greatest proportional number in an^ 
parish of the districti to the population ; and shews the respect 
that is paid ta^ducation h ere. 

State of the PooR.-^In such a populous parish many indi- 
gent people may be expected, more especially with such a manu- 
fitcturing town in it. The number on the r^ular roll is 46, who get 
from 14s. to 2fs. 6d. each,, per months according to circumstances; 
The average is about 6s. a month or £S 12s. yearly. Besides 
these, there are perhaps as many more, in the course of a year, 
that get occasional ^relief according to their * various necesskiest 
TJie sum paid in all is nearly ^300 a year. 

Fbiendly Soci£Ti£s.--^There were 3 of these benevolent in^ 
stitutions for mutual relief, .that were infuse to distribute about 
i£50. yearly among sick od indigent metobers ; but the stress of 
the times has much reduced their funds. ^ < 

DijKKentertf^^^^'ANTiBuaGHBEs. The first' erection of > their 
meeting-house was in 1760, and Mr. Laidly their .first minister 
was settled in 1761, but he withdrew from their communion in 
1763. He was succeeded in 1765 by Mr. Andrew Mitchel, a 
man much esteeme.d by his own par<y and by aH good men, and 
was highly respected in the parish and neighbourhood — ^visiting 
the sick a&d afflicted^ of every sect without distiocticm. The par 
rish minister at the time, Mr. David^ Maclellan, was: a maii of 
a. similar foenevoleni disposition^ and they lived togetlier in hoL^ 
bitisi of great friendship and intimacy. Mr. MitcheLdied in 1812; ^ 
after a lingering nervous disordier^ * wfaieh; prevented^ him from 
preaching for /some years J^efore his death. . He was succeeded 
1^ their present minister, Mr.^ Meilde, who was ordainedrin Sept 
1812. The meeting-house^waa rebuilt in 181^, and i&a .common 
diouaplace of worship capable of holding easify about 500 people 
The number of communicants is. about 140-^a few. of whom are 
from jthe neighbouring parishes, but only S of these not in the 



OF Cunningiiame. 


county. The minister has a handsome mfLnse^ built in ISIS, to^ 
gether with a good gardeui all at the estpence of the congregation* 

Church of Relief. — The Ditssenters of this class (forced by 
the abuse of Patronage alone^ fromthe establishment9)erected their 
meeting-house in 1784. Their first minister, Mr* Thomson, lyas 
placed ia 1788, but left them* in 1 800, and went to Glasgow. He 
was succeeded in* 1802 by their present minister, Mr. Anderson. 

Faik.— On the SOtk Aug. yearily there is a great fair in Beith,. 
chiefly for horses, where many fine young horses, bred mostly^ 
in Ayrshire, are to be seen ; these attract dealers from the nei^h-^ 
bouring counties of Renfrew and Lanark, through whose hands 
they are passed to the Lothians,.Fife, Angus, and more distant 
parts. ThisT is the famed Tennen^s day^ so called from a legend-^ 
ary Saint of that name. 

OEKtatejBi anD jTamilteiBr* 

This parish is parcelled out among 163 heritors, having indi* 
vidually from ^670 Scots of valued rent, down to 10s. or less^. 
including housea and yards in. the townx>fBeith. To describe, ox: 
even 4;o name all these possessions, is a task not to-be undertaken;, 
—I shall therefore limit the remarks to the principal estates. ' 

Crawfield. — ^This property, which is separated firom the par* 
Tish of Dairy, by the Folgree burn, extends to upwards of 360i 
acres of various quality of soil, much of it of an adhesive nature^ 
whilst part of it is derived from mossi It ia all arable. It was 
purchased:^more than 100 years ago from a family of the name o£ 
Peebles, by Alexander the ninth Earl of Egltnton, and is still ia; 
his family, being the property of Lady Mary Montgomery Buff 
g^Bss, his gcand-daughter.^. 

WiLLowyABD.**-Adjacentto tliis on- the north and east, this 
small but pleasantlyr^ituated pjroperty, is spread out on. the south 
Side of the Loch of Kilbiraie, and extends to upwards of 120 ^ 
acres/ It belonged some time to the late John Neil, Esq. of 
Edinburgh, . who improved it greatly, particulariy by. belts of 

2^6" . rA^TfCtLAR DESCftiPTioN ^ Parish of 

planting, which occupy sfefv^al acres, and are so judiciously 
disposed, as to confer a beauty onthe subject, as well as c6nsi- 
derable shelter. The house is cheerfully placed, in full view of 
the Loch, and is the occasional residence of the proprietor, Robt. 
Steele, Esq. of Port-Glasgow. 

MoRRiSHiLt ; Mr. Shedden. — ^This^^ house, abotit a quarter of 
a mile west from Bteith, is pleasantly-situated amid its^ own trees 
and gardens, and overlooking, from a small eminence, a/ great ex- 
panse of country. The lands, incumbent on whinstone rock, are 
very fertile. . . : 

Maixs-Neil, Mains-Marshal, Mains-Hamilton, -&c, are all 
situated to the north of Beith, sloping down toward the Loch of 
Kilbirniei and are all good lands. On a corner of the last, near 
to the town, there has lately been erected a goodly-looking house, 
built by Mr. Dun, but belonging new to Mr. Houstoun. 

WoobsiDE. — ^This Valuable property, extending to perhaps 

400 acres of arable land, of good quality, is situated in the same 

• • • _ 

quarter, but more northerly, on the -south side of the Roebum, 
or Moorbum, which is here the boundary betwixt the Counties 
of Ayr and Renfrew. This property (as indeed the whole Baro- 
ny of feeith,) belonged at one time to the Monastry of Kilwin- 
ning ; from which it was a feu, at an early period, to Ralston of 
Ralston, and continued many generations in. that family. ' These 
lands, as well as those of Auchingown-Ralston adjacent, ito Ren- 
frewshire, were alienated in 1772, by the late Gavitt Ralston, to 
Dame Jean Stirling, Lady of the late James Erskine Lord Alva, 
of whoni the present proprietor, Lieut.-Gen. A. G^ Stirling of 
Duchra, is the representative. This family of 'Ralston of that 
Ilk, having long been highly respectable ihthis part of the coun-* 
£ry, a concise account of it shall here be given. 

Balietton of Balietton. 

Crawfurd in his History of Renfrewshire, p. 38, says, this fk- 
mily is descended from a younger son of the (Macduff) Earls of 

l^yfe ; arid refers to Charters to which the j are witnesses in 1272 
Mid 1346. The first of them howevery from whom I shall' here 
deduce the family^ was 

I. John de Ralston^ or Ralphston, who' flourished in the 
Teign of Jamest IL and rose to the highest honours both in Church 
4uid State. * In 1444 ^he wbs made keeper of the Privy Seal ; in 
1448 Bishop of Dunkeld; and in 1449 Lord High Treasurer, and 
"WBs sent the same year Ambassador to'Englarid, and again in 
145L He^ died in 1452. See '' Keith's^ Catalogue of Scottish 
' Bishops*'—- where he calls him the representatite of a small but 
very ancient family^ of the same designatioui in the Shire of Ren- 
frew. He was succeeded by his nephew, 

IL William Ralston of that Ilk, who married Elisabeths 
daughter of 1^ John Mure of CaldwelL :Ta him succeeded his 

III. Thomas Ralston, who in 1505 obtained a Charter of the 
lands of Ralston. He was succeeded by his son, also called 

IV. Thomas Ralston, all which is instructed by a Charter of 
these lands^ and also of those of Rossholme near Irvine, and of 
Dunlop-hill hear Dunlop— ^ated 9th July, 1527. He died withr 
out issue, and wa^ succeeded by^ his brother, 

' iV. Hugh Ralston of that Ilk, who married his cousin' Janet, 
daughter of Adam Whiteford of that Ilk; and this marriage being 
within the degrees forbidden by €he Church of Rome, he afler- 
.wards obtained a dispensationTor it, from the Chancellor 6f Dum- 
Uane, who had ebtained authority to grant 20 such dispensations. 
This one is dated 7th July 1534. He fell at the Battle of Pinkie 
«i the lOth'Sept 1547, and was succeeded by his son, 

V. Hugh Ralston of that Ilk, who acquired the 'lands of 
Woodside and Turnerland in this parish, from "Gavin, Common* 
dator of Kilwintiing in 1551. He maitled ^Janet Hamilton^ of 
the family of Torrence. "^ His eldest son, 

' ■•• • ' ■' 4A ■■' ' 

VL' G^viif Rax^toWi married in 15^5, Jeafit d^ugh^r of 

I ... 

|lo^rt Ker of Kerdanci ; «^nd predecMaing.bis ^ther^ left '» 8oo, 
VIL William Ralston> who on his grimdfather^s deatb» (who 
was living in 1609^) ]i;>ecame Kalstoa oj^ that Ilk. |Ie married 
Barbara^ daughter of John Hamilton of ^PMidatoni (apcestar of Lord 
Belbavens) and had 9 soq» William ; a»d a daughter^ Catherine^ 
married in 1^3 to Hugh Hamil^fk^of Rough wood* About this 
period/ Of r9,the;r before, thfe family had left their aoM^ient mancK - 
ji^ place of Ralston^ (about S miles east from Paisley ») and takeb * 
l^p t^0ir r^^idei^^ at W^odside^ in this p»rish| about a xnUe xktaih 
£xQv^ %\ke yillage» ^ He wi^ ^ucc^eded by Ijiis son, 

VHL William Ralstok of that |lk» H^ acqjuired in l€4St 
' firpm James HamUtoh of Ai'^pch, (aoceator of Lad^Und^) the 
l^ds of Rou^hbav^^^^^ Crummock, ia this parish 1 aod also the 
lands of Auchingown in the parish of Ijochwinnoch, from I/>rd 
^bercpriL Hq vrm warned s l£|t to UrsuUai dan^ter of WilKam: 
Mur^ of QlaiiderstOD^ by whom be had a 8Qn> Gai^ and twQ 
daughters: 1. Ursulla^ married in 1668 tot John Haiailto.q^ eld- 
^st ^OQ Q.f J9#i08 Hamilton of Hallcrajgs ; andSL Jean^ m^rri^ 
to Aleswst^dw 'of Newton (ancestor of l^outhbar) ; SdJ^jr^ b^ m»v^ 
Tied Jean, daughter of Jam^s Dunlop of thatllk^ in*No¥; 1Q74. 

IX. Gayin RalstoNi his sojq> m^rri^d Jean^ sister of Sir Wm. 
Mui:e;9iCR:QwaUaBi (pateroal ancestor of the present family of Lqu-i ~ 
dous^— rbi^ &th^r then resigning to him the esti^td. - The mmif^i^ 
coatraot> dat^ 25jLh Feb. X67Uis witnessed by Sir H. GampbeU 
of (^lessQOck^ 3ir John Shaw of GreeQo<;k^ Duo^op of that Hkn 
I^^niikon of Wishaw^ and Montgomery q£ HazeUiead*-*4dl con*- 
nections of the family. He died in 1692> and his widow afteo^^ 
wards married John Boyle of Kelburn,. without isaue# 

X Gavin Ralston^ the only son of the marriage^ succeeded ' 
hi^ father as Ralston of that IlL He qnarried ia 1^97,. AAna» 
daughter of Wm. Porterfield of tb^t Ilk» by Aonabellai daughter o§ 
Sic Archd* Stewart of Blackball ; by whom he had a son^ Williaraf , 



<» Cunn<ftg!)am«> 


aad four daubers : 1. Ursullaj married to Robert Barr of Tree- 
aniej 2. Annabella, married to James Maxwell of William wood; 
& Jean^ matried to John Shedden of Roughwood, [of whom af. 
ierwards); and 4. Katherine^ married i;o the Rev. John FuUarton 
of Dairy. In 1705 he sold the estate of Ralston to the Earl of 
Dundonaklr— from whence it has passed through diffe!rent hands, 
and is now possessed by a iiucnily of the name of Orr. He was 
SBcc^eded by his son^ 

XL William Blhiva^i (still continuing the stile of that Ilk^) 
who married Marion^ daughter and co-heiress of the Rev. David 
Swings minister of Calder,^ near Glasgow, by whom he had one 

« _ _ _ 

son^ Gavin, and two daughters: 1. Maigaret^ married the Rev« 
John Fleming, Kilnmlcolm ; Q. Anne, whb married W. Ctddwell 
of.Yardlbot, ^and both left issue. * He died about the year 1745, 
and was succeeded by his son, . 

XIL Gavim Ralston of that Bk. He married Annabellaf 
daughtte of James Pollock of' Arthurlee, (by Jean, daughter of 
SSr Robert Pollock of that» Ilk,) by whom he had issue, two 
daughters: 1. Annabella,mdrriedHugbCrawfiird,'Esq.; 2. Jane^ 

married Major Stucfidert, and bdth have issue. He died, at a very 

, . • • • 

advanced sige, in June IftlO, and was buried in the tomb of his -^ 
ancestors at Beith. His wdow- still survives." 

AftMS-^Argenty on -a bend; azure ; 3 Acorns in the seed, Ory: 
Crest, a Falcon proper ; Supporters— -dexter, a Man in* Armourj x 
SSfiifltef, a Horse rarmpant ;— Motto, Fide et- Mart*. . 
- €riiAKca»HLL.r<^Tkis property, ^ conjoined with Bigholme ad- • 
jaceiit, is situated bear to Beith, on the right hand side of the^ 
road to Paistey. . The house was buik hi 1804' by the present pro- - 
prietop, MPi Fuktoir, who has improved the lands greatly, and era-- 
bellisked thotn mufch-^^renderitog this one of the niost pleasant : 
places in the parish. " 

SiioWN Moo^ (or Bruwemuke)— issittratedeastwardTrom thco 
lastoidnttoned, stretching lipwtirds atnong the adjsicent hills, but^ 


containing softie good soil It was acquired by the family of 
Wishaw, through the marriage of an heiress of a former family 
of the name of Hamilton, and was alienated about the year 1^796i 
by the late Lord Belfaaven, to Hi^gh Cr^wiurd, Esq. in Greenocl, 
•whose heirs now enjoy it* 

Barcraigs, a small .propertyy is situated among (ihe hflls in 
the same quarter, but still contains some good soil. 

Threepwood. — These lands are situated still farther easty a* 
mong nrai^ge. of. green hiHs^.in a* comer of ; the parishi and con« 
nected with Ayrshire only on the. west side. .They extend to 
considerably more than 300 ^cres,. all of a^ kindly soil, incumbent 
on whinstone^r— as far. as soil can be had,-p^some of it being thin 
enough. It has undergone much improvement of late, through 
draining, enclosing, and planting of wood, There^are three 4i& 
ferent proprietors, of whom Mr. Love hss the best share, either 
with respect to extent ^^r vslued rent. > His family is the oldest 
in the parish, except; one^--his ancestors having had these lands 
in feu, from the Abbot of Kilwinning, 419 farback^ as 1554. There 
is a Bleachfi.eld here in considerable repute. 

Cuff, audi Co^icland. — ^This hilly property is situated adja- 
cent, on the west, to the preceding. The lands are good, whete 
of sufficient depth, as they are incumbent on whin rock, which 
in some places rises to the §urfaca The ext^t is above 100 

BoGsmEs, BooHALt, Hoods-^yarbs and-^the-FuLLWooDHEAAi^ 
are all situated not far from each other, west from the Cuffhill, 
Bftd east from the l^ds of Gcangehill. They extend to upwards 
of 200 acres, all good land^S) d)i<efly on.a rocky^bottoQi. 

. Hill of B£iTH.-r-;:These lands, situated near to Beith, belong- 
ed, at one time to a branch of the. family of Cunninghame ' of 
Caddel ; and after being sold different times, they now belong to 
Hugh Bnown, Esq. of Broadstone, who h^s sey^al other lands. 
J^e resides on theni^ in a very cheerful; housei almost within- 
the town. 

SJB/TA^] OT Cutmfttgfeame. 2fi?r 

Braidstane or Broadstoke.— « This ancient barony is situated 
southward from Beith, and at a small distance from it It eic* 
t^ida over nearly 300 acres of good land, incumbent on lime- 
stones which is in some places open to the view, and in all ts 
easily come at^ and lying in very fair -strata, admits of being 
wrought with gteat facility. Here ako is marble. ' 

It appears from aXharter dated in 1452, that this estate be^ 
longed then to ^^John de Lyddale, Dominus de Bradestane ;*' 
and as this refers to prior Charters in favours of his family, it 
aeems piobdble, that they might have had them at a period atfll 
more remote. 

These lands, soon after the dbove date, were the property of 
the Eglinton family. Robert Montgomery, second son of Alex- 
ander third Lord Montgomery, is designed of Broadstane. One 
ef his descendants acquired from the Monastry of KilwinniDg, 
prior to the Reformation, the lands of Boghall and others in the 
Barony of Beith, which lie adjoining to Broadstone, About the 
year 1600, Hugh Montgomery of Broadstone, who had acquired 
^eat estates in Ireland, carried over a Colony of Protestants 
there, from this neighbourhood, where their descendants stillTe- 
main. In 1620 he wasereated discount of Ardes, and* his Fa- 
tent bears to be granted ^^ on account of the many and great de« 
^^ sests, and the assistance strenuously afibrded by our dear and 
^^ fiuthful Hugh Montgomery of Bredstane in our kingdom of 
^' Scotland, Knight, in pacifying of <;iandebora afler rebellion in 
" the tumults of the peasants of Ulster ; also in pacifying of 
** Ardes, incur kingdom of Ireland, a colony of Scots being' 
*♦ brought, in the beginning of our reign, over Great Britain into 
^ Clandebora and Ardes, towards the en crease of the restored 
^^ Religion, and towards the obedience of the peasants towards 
'< us.'* One of his descendaat^ was created by Charles II. Vis- 
o9u«t Mount Alexander, and aflerwards. Earl Mount Alexander. 
The £miily became extinct in 1758. 


t6l2 PAHTlCULAE DESCKimoN {Parish if 

The aaid Hugh MontgomCTy married a )daaghter of Jobn 
Sbaw of GreeQOck ; and soon after settling in Ireland, be grant- 
ed a JMortgage over these lands to John Shaw, h\k brother«rin«l<ir i 
to whom afterwards, about 1644^ he granted a conveyance of the 
absolute property of this estate. of Greenock continued occasionally to reside at 
the. old Castle here, till after 1700, when they gradually alienated 
the estate in. feus, till the whole was disposed of, except the &nn 
on which the old mansion stood, of which there is hardly a ves« 
tige now to be seen. Sir Michael Shaw Stewart, Bart, still re* 
tains this farm, together with the superiority of the whole. HI0 
own valuation^ by which parish^burdens are' paid, is still the 
largest ; Mr.^ Sheddon of Morrishill is the next in extent — There 
are 7 other proprietors, whose valued rent, in comulo, is only as 
3 parts in 7 of the whole, some of them having very small por-^ 
tions; . 

CRAiGH0US£.*'-^These lands were feued, at an early period, by 
the Monastry of Kilwinning, to Robert Montgomery, from whom 
they came by regular descent*; to Robert Montgomery of Craig-^ 
house : on whose death in 1789,' they were inherited fay his dau^- 
ter, Mnu Jean Montgomery, . spouse of Robert MontgQmeFjrt 
£sq« Banker in Irvine, whose eldest son, Robert Montgomeiy,. 
£sq. is now B»aker there* They extend to upwards of IdOaeiaes^ 
of arable, land of good' quality, and are situated ^bout a mie' 
southwards from Beith, on the west side of the road leading to 
Dunlop. . In the same quarter are situated the different pdssessi*' 
ons of Mabshylakus (nearer Beith) Gillsland, Scoop, Boqfadld,^ 
and WiNnTHpusE, (these more soudierly,) of various quality of 
soil) but generally productive. Near to these are the Docras, 2 
][^ssessions ; and southward from them, the Balgkays, 4 posses* 
sions ; all well laid ^out, and well cultivated lands. ^ 

Bo6STON.«~Thi6 prepay, extending to about 100 acres of 
fertile lands, with an adequate mansion, amid some. thriving. 

pl»hUJtiiBii^ is aitwted aboat Smiles southward from BeitL It 
fbnisipah efitkbancknit (barony of Giffin^ and is the most nor- 
thwty Ibtof that great estate when it was parcelled out about 100 

LoaneHi^ of Gjms.^^Thete happens to be preserved in the 
Cartoiaiy of the Abbey of Dryburgb, copies of some Charters, 
which throw li^t on the ancient proprietors of this great estate. 
One in particular contains a grant by Alexander de Nenham of 
half a caracut of land; in his territory of Giffin, to the Monks of 
Dryburgh,'^ pro animabis Ddminorum meorum Riccardi de Mor- 
viUe/' and others of that family, which corroborates the opinion 
of Lord Hales, that Hugh de Morville, who founded ^the Abbey 
of Kilwinning, was the founder also of that of Dryburgh; of which 
I was not aware, in the enumeration of the different estates pos-- 
sessed by the de MorviUe family, page 50. In all probability 
this Lordship of Giffin had, at one time, belonged to them also, 
a8:it is certain, that the lands of Crummock, in the neighbour-r 
hood, bek)nged t6 their descendant, John BallioL From the 
personages mbntioned in this Charter, it must have been granted 
betwixt tlie years 1209 and 1233. The lands conveyed in it are 
si^accuratdy described and pointed out by natural boundaries, 
that any person .may recognise them at the present day. They 
aire*on tihe estate of Treearne, which was then part of the Lord- 
ship of Giffin. - IxL: 1371: Hugh de Egliiiton obtained a Charter 
of. the hifidslbf Giffeyn from Robert IL^ as they had^ previously 
fdldn to the Crowm through forfeiture, but,, of whom^ is not men-' 
tionied: ' John .Montgomery of Ea^eshame having married ther 
beifssaiof £glibton, Giffin ^onOng other lands became his prefer-- 
ty; His son^,' lohnv first Loi^ Montgomery, gave this estate ta^ 
h^s second ^on, Roberi, and who was succeeded in it by his^smi, , 
Skt Adam Montgomery of' Giffin, and he *again by his descend^ - 
antsik suocessioi), Alexander, Adam, and^Troilus the immediate 
bf thei Mcmtgomertes of Macbeth'^hill, $6 [See DQuglasi^ 

u;<:u ft 

^4 PA1ITXC17I.AR pEse;»»jriON [PariBhif 

Baronage]. As howevcsr tkere i^peaacs^a* C^Mtter of date 14^ 
(about the sera of Sir Adam as iibovei) • ia wbiob tlie Lam} <if 
Giffin is distinctly called JVillmm . MontgoOKnyi it ishonl^. aeeaa 
that either the estate (as from its extent it well might5).WM piar- 
called out amoAg different bran^ih^ of the family ;^i>r^iiil»tothe 
titles in a German principality-T-raJlithe brailolies used them lA 
cpiamon« However this may be, it i^ oejrtain that the whole was 
resumed by their dbie^ Hugh, first iEarl of ,£glinton, who in ISliS 
l^as it all comprehended in a special Chwrter to himselfi dated H 
Stirling on the 23d of April. that year. After this, it wasat dl£- 
ffxent times givpq ofi^, as a position to younger branches of the 
Eglinton family ; as in the reign of Queen Mary, when Hugh, 
the third Earl^gave Gifiin to his second son> Robert, who Ailing 
of mkale issue, it returned again to the UMirsL House where it re- 
iQained till Alexander the sixth Earl gave it to his decond son, 
Sir Heory Montgomery of Giffin; and fiiUing back aglun for want 
of issue male^.it was &ially alienated by Hugh the seventh Earl 
of , ^^IgUntQp, to his second soi^, .Francis Montgomery of Giffin, 
prior to the year 1669, the year^n wlttQb. the £i»rl died This 
Franqis was a P^ivy , Counsellor and a man cf abilities and con- 
siderable influeiiQ^. About ^e year 16S0 he acquired the landa 
of Hazlehead from ^Robert Montgomery^the last mde represel^• 
tative of tl^t^^j&Qgiily, a brniiGh also of Eg^aiton, and which estate 
on his son's marriage (wi}|3i Ii^ady Mary .CarmichaeU. daughter of 
the Earl of Hyud&ird,) heui^de over to: him, as well as ihe fee 
of the estate of Gtffia. This son, John Montgomery, was, $Aa 
the^.Union, Member of Pariiameiit for the county of Ayr* but 
being.a man of expensive habits, his estate of H«riefaead as. «^ 
as the r$tversioa of Giffin, was dispose oC by judicial sale in 
1722, and piir(^based by Sir John Anstnither Bart, as well as the 
superiority of t^e old feus of .Giflin, and soon after he parcelled 
out the remainder iin ^.or 40 lots to the ancestors (or auAors) 
of the present proprietQ]:s« Even the venerable old Castle itself^ 

BBiTH.^j yu9(3em9U^^ -SKS 

not bek^ i^m diat time ialutbited^ his become Ttunbiia. 

Of ibis aipiew ifi^ken iii ihk irovlsi as i« mettK>rid of its preswot 

r^tppeac^nce ; fof it^cannot^ without «one pains betaken toikecp it 
upvTematn long in ettstentte/ lliefamilyjof Montgomeiy^ Giffin 

«8eetos to be eottinct Thi« i^eat Lordship included originally^ 

.betides Giffin o£the present' day, the lands of Hadehead^ Broad- 
stone, Eamsbead» Treeavne, and Roughwood, extending in all: 

, to jS3788 9s. lOd^ of valuation ; which is' considerably more than 
half the valued rent of l^ith^parish. Aait now stands, the valued 
lent is i^HOO, and the extent nearly 2000 acres of among the 

MbeiJt lands in it The .principal portions of it) are the North and 
South Babas, situated on both sides of the road, which leads 
through the heart of the property from Beithto Bunlop: the 
Nettlehirsts 4iBd LuoTOM Bios, as also BuanHmrsfiythe fioM- 
STONE, Drumbuie, Gat£-£nd, &0., with-toe f OBESiDB (teokoaed 
one of the best fan&B in the parish), 4II on the louth side of that 

•vMd i the iMids of iOwsEKiiiLi^B, TAmnasBiLL, TrnxD^fAta, Baowir- 
HiLLB, and -Btm!4toiOB, «« the north side. Bat th« best portion, of 
thewhole Ib pei^aps the lands • of 'Gbxe ma the west side ailjag- 
ton water, upiwai^dfrHibiirihe ^wwt voaS. Tfait fine wing ef die 

Clauds «f Giffin ^ictttbdB to tfpwaids 4>{ ^50 ioi«8 of a dee|> feitSe 
soil fit for vhdrt: dir any <c|Gp, and "is psifcdUed out among. 6. Hf- 

<^ibrent proprietor. Adfaee&t to- these, on tlie aotth, (but not In 
C^ii Lo^ship^) we i<4tiitited the elands <kf MibsiJE'foir, (Hi<n- 
GATES and -CAeLn^ialfeAM^ iili-4oiP'es6e}tont quattt/^ «xtendiBg 4io«« 
'bout 400 acres. The whole of thi^Btthwtiseeatt totbe incawibwrt on 

iliaiestofne, of which 4hei*e we some ^loifwries «Jtte»sivety.«TOught. 

HAeusHBABi'*--'We8twards ito{4.«he )aiid» •lask'iiidn<aaiMdfis 

6itu^«d tins <v«lfiib^ esfeatc. It was ';^^iif«ff;ia t^ ^ifiieeatk 

«eflb4»t^ as^ai^ appam^gei t^^ayottngBr'Soii of the &niily. 4>f Jilont- 

rgon^ry: l^oglas, in itis ^Beeriage, -sajs, to Hugh tloethisd xm 
■at Akoumder ^r Atidtew) the UUvdiLovd MoDtgcnacv; } ikut ia 

< Jbifi Bajsmage, be sa^ "Sir^ il^^ua IdoiMgtqaety of Giffin gave it 

4G • 



285 fAvndxoM^ jxEScupTioN [Patfgk tgT 

Itfrtbis second son John. However this taay be, it ifemained with 
the family of the original grantee, till Biobert Montgomery; fjte 
last male representative, sold it in 1680 to Francis I^pnigomepy 
of 6iffin*'*-<and it. followed the fiUi&bftiiat eirtate^ wibe^ it went to 
wreck about 100 years ago. It was then pwchased^at the-judi*- 
cial sale in 1722, by CoL Patriek Qgilvie of Inch-Martin, who 
vTiras maternally descended of the origtQAl faniilj;:<>f MonCgpmery 
;of Hazldiead. In .1746 he feued out^about tvr«^thirds of it> and 
sold the remainder to Bobert Brodie of .Caiderhaugjb, who by 
his wife, the widow of William iHaisbQn ofi that Ilk^ Q«ly 
daughter, Marion,.married(to the l^e.MungQ Smithof Drdngan^ 
iln 1752hesold<.thi0 estate t6M¥ilmi^l..(^rmi€hiiiel,.6eqQ^ 
Thomas Garmichnel of East-end* He^ v^as suQcee4ed by ik\^ son, 
Maurice Carmicfaael of East^nd, w1k> in 1807 soldcitto Dr.. Ro- 
bert Patrick, of Treearne, of w^omafterwaiids. - - • • - . 

About the time thatthis 6$tate was acqjuiised by Fd^an,<ijd;Mo^t* 
gomery, of Giffin, .the manorrplace consi^dfdd . of an !oIdt s(}uafie 
castle, to which he made* a great addition in a .more tn|0dern stile, 
intending it for the residence of his only sob, he himsdf residmg 
at Giffin. . He also made ccsRi^i«b}e.fK}mitfttipli9: ar<^ it in 
&rm of a cross, acoonUng . to Ihe -tf^te .oi^;the tpot^: To the^ 
plantations ;gre«taddkftOAshavp lately haen -mallear the present 
ptoporvetor. Dr. Robert £atrick;--^Thebouj^ is nowroofle&fs and in 
mias, but he intends ix> erec^.a ne|F\m§Ek#i0p:iii:it8jyicioity, 
and not far &om it, he baa aii^eady taid^dawBf. the .garden. The 
situation is remarkably pledsant^ ) ^ / < v 

i TBXXARK£.*^Adjoiniii^ these knds^n Ihe* T^tf 9^, t^< propertj^ 
16 tituated, ciHiststing of very^prodoptiye land, iqcumbent, as well 
as the preceding, on limestooe.r. The old lAansiofi ift .situated op 
^iconsaderable eminenoe, from whence a very .eac(eni$i ve piKlfspect 
inigbt be had, were it not fbrjt^ own woods with which it is so 
€l0fidiy shiitup, aS'to see nothing from it, nor ifi.itself:S|^n/fi^ 
any {|iac& It belongs to the proprietor irf the ^rec^i^' estate, 
and where he generally resides^ 

i r .It Hl^9iali^eady beea traced aa alMiYe^ to tbe liOTdshipof (srifiiii. 
jPfic^i^ :150Q,Jt belonged at one time to Robert YSfitf a y.ouD^ 
,bi^9^h of theiamilj of K^slaod. From whose family it went 
. to Robert B^ir, whose descendatits sold it in 1748^ to the Tutors of 
John Fatridc of Waterside^ father of the present proprietor. 

. i fmtnclt Of Creearne* 

It appears that the encestord of Uiis family were early settled 
%bout the MdiiaBtryi of Kil winning : one of|»rticulMr5 
John Patrick, is a subscribing witness to a Charter connected 
with that Abbeyy^ated^ 19th J&ly^ 1459.. On^tbe approach of 
the Reformation, <bey ; acquired^some laqds from the Abbots si- 
tuated in the vicinity of Kilwinning^ as Dalga,' &c, and some of 
the family arf^ still in that neighbourhood. The fir$t of this fa- 
mily, connected with the; parish of Beith^ wa» . _ .^ ;. 

I. Robert FAxaicKy who in 1643 acquired; the Iflnds: of W^ 
.^rside in the Lordi^ip of Giffin** He died in 1676^ and was 
jsacc^eded by his sod> . . 

II. Hugh Pateick^' who' died without issue *ia I68S9 when 
bis rblotber^ : : 

IL . RoB£RT Patuok, succeeded hi oi in . Watersidd. Hema*- 
Tiled Janet Shedden, by whom he had a son, ... 1. ' . 

III. Robert PATCticK, ^wiio pi^eceased him* in 1736. He 
married Barbara Conn^daughteF of John Coitnvprapriefcor.of one 
half of the. lands of Pitconin the|mrish of Xblry and-others, by 
whoni he had itdaiigbter>. Janet, wdio.was macried io lier cousin 
John, don of: Hi^h Patrick- of Drumbuie ; and a:fiOO> : . r . : : 

IV. : JpH'K Pa.'Crigk, who m hieiinfanqy succeeded' Im grand- 

^_. * HU brother, jQto,|^atH9k,.wa$.pi}3priet^^^ Jvi^TiP 

'he was succeeded by his son» Rdbert"; and in 1730 Hugh, the son of Rob^rUsuC' 
needed hit father in Drumbuie. His eldest son> Jbhft Patrkk/tnairied-JaHeVtlTe 

^est 4au£ht^r of-Rc^erC|Faitrick ;x>iE Wpter^ij^.. .His «ldjSfit M^y m^^' t&arried 
^anet, the daugHter 'or James 'Maxwell' of jBraidleland. The eldest son of thfs njar- 
.vmgtf QipltiA Jaiaesl Patrtckytis^ tidW/psdpticior ofifDr«nibiife/>' HMMs^ MmMd^ 

Captain m the Ajrshire Militia » ^afj^erw^^s in tb^TQ^u^qgti aad if^oo^ fi^ifiiS'^^^ 


288 PAnTICDlJlR DCSCRtPTION >[Pan^ if 

MIagt, and through his mother inherited the lands 6f Pitoon,«nd 
alfiiopftrt of the lands of Gree in the Lordship of Giffih : and&t- 
^her, his TutOfs in 1748 purchased for him the landt oif Tretterne, 
as d»^dy stated. He married Motion, daughti^ Of John Shedden 
of Roughwood, by whom he had three sons and two daughters ; 
the second son, John, is at presedt a merchant in New- York ; 
ihe' thiyid soff, William, is a writer to the ,^'gnet in Edinlmrgh, 
,andii c<m8iderah1e proprietor, btith Ih this -^rish antlthat <lf 
JDalrj. The eldest son, 

V, iloBERT Patrick how of Treeame,,*bter*d. into the Attay^ 
in a medical btpacitj ih I*f9d, tod served 9tthe seige of Tdidori; 
9130 Id. 0>rsi(» at the seigeof Calvi j aftet^wa^s in Elba ; In Por- 
tugal ; iKBd, ih 1798, lit the tak^g of Minorca. In 1800, he w^ 
appointed Inspector df^Hospitdis^Jn .which cR][>acity he acted till 
the peace iw 1001. Oki l^e renewal of the war in IWi^ he was 
appbmted to the ^middlfe district of Engla^^ and in 1805^ he 
went with the expedition -wliich'WaaMnt t0 thdivsqii^tahce of the 
[Aafaitjriabd> but which TetonteB, m ctmaeqa^nce of the siidden 
peace^ soon after/ He remained on the staff in England' tifi the 
^peRe'in ISIfi. in 1805, he marriod Harriet, second daughter 
of the late General William Gardiner, hrdtber' (tf the late Luk6, 
)Loi^ Mobntjof, by 'Hsrnet, daughter of :Sir Jbhn Wrotteftley, by 
whdmbe 1ms two'sons, J^in'ond William^ 

in 18(n, when, in . cobjunctidn with iiis brother William, he 
^porchased the estate of Hazlehead, he transferred to hitn ihe 
lafids of Rough wood^ (to wl^cfa he' had sticcee<kd as heir* of his 
tincfe, WiHiaih JEa^eddeii); iii'O&dhan^e'for hisKhareof tkelbrmer. 
" A%M8.^-^Argenii^ Saltier Sie^le) oh a.chtef of theia^t, 3 Roses 
'bf the first: threirti irDeiiter Hand propeir, hol^^ 
^Motto,'OBA %T Laboua. 

ti<ftf<^66i),^^^f^ j^Topiirty is^itttate^ qn the western Side 
i«if the pMisb, south from the knds o{ Craw&dd first siMntiooed. 
9^'^ Is ytif^^8,gentkaSy dathp originally, and much of it piuce 

BEITH.^ V OF Cttnntwgljaitw* S89 

mosB.'. It has undergone great improvetnfente by the present i^rc^ 
pTiqtor^ WilliaEibPatrick, Esq. ' more espfeoially by .converting 
moss .into arable land ; — ^by draining ; by r(>ad-making, to aii ex^ 
t;ient of morQ than 2 miles ; and iby^laQtattons-^rendering the 
whole quite a different aubjecL 

This estate appejira to. have been separatcfd from Giffin by ^ 
grQnt to ar very jMScienti fain ilyi»f the niihe-of «Han)«iil, at a pe- 
riod prior to the acquisition of Gifiui, by ^Sir Hugh de Eglinton 
in 137 L In H^^» there>i3 alao a Charter from John -de Lyddale, 
PomLnuj9i de* Bf^destatie^ (before »meqtioiied^ to Jlbbert de Hem* 
myl of Royghwood^ . is^nliMning a eonfiimatioa'Of previous and 
Qlder grantjs, to tbat^ ffuoi^y. This estate in IfiOO^longed to hit; 
4escendant9 Hugh; Qawi wiJU jome.of ;iihbaefaKuly accompanied 
Hugh ;Mon<^o9ery of Bradestane^ to Irelini, and settled ^eie, 
and of these^are. deac9D$le4 several respectafalemurfeliants in.Dub- 
lin at this day i ai\d J)r; Haipinil^rlHyjtetai^ to the Emperor of 
Russia^ is understood to. l^e . jplescj^^ed irom the - same. Hu^ 
Hf^mmil of2^oughwf)od);.Hi lQ43.fn«ivied Cntfieatihe, i ia n g l ytgr .<^ 
William .il%^n . q^t|i}M l^*r\>y Fh<0itt -jbe^had.a ^od^ Mttbesi^' 
and a daughter, Anna. Mathew ^Id'fhijt -edbiflet about the. j^cor 
169Q, to EQbert,3Hed^ea, and 4f)iei^rds:died.aitfoanriai.' Ahna 
married Robert Mon^on^^ry qf Qi^i^fisej.iwhoBe.great-^g^^ 
son, Kob^ft Montgoraef J, Bai^ftr, i(^[|cYiiDff»i adw repieseattjdie 

of MilibiVf p . J0| ^^ P?4^ . ^i* T^^^i flwil^Iiti ian^ -ai. fiod-^ 
ijura ^ .t|j^{»548h.qf,D9% 4iJ|oi^gj^4fa9a^ ia469«l» theiitt^ 
of KoHghwoqd. He^eft two sfips^' jQ^i^dtyVitUamjianli Ai 

is^^etb, p^ffi^4 ftp Cr^SW jSwtn.of i^«Mwarioch»' 

ceiideA.' 'He left his lands of Rou^hwood^t ..ii&^^il^f||[^»c|^]^ XIqi^*: 
burn, to his eldest son John, and certain other lands to* his second 
son William, , 4D 

il9(> PABTictJLAB nnSCBimotr [PaHtihi^' 

It JoHK, marfled Jeao, daughter ta <Gairm .RalaCbn of that 
IJk, (by his lady* Anna, ardaugbter of Porterfield of that Ilk,) by 
whoBk be had two som, John attd^WilUam, and a daD^«r, Ma- 
rion, n&rried to John Patrick of Treearne, of whom aft^rwardsi 
John, the eldest son, waaa Surgecn fn the- Army, and dkd ftt4&6 
seige of H&vannH in 176S. The second- son, ,, 

IIL WiLLiABi, woDt to Virginia, as A merchant 'Wfa«r^ hit 
cousin, Robert l^edden, eldest son of his ubiiile William as abor^ 
was also settled. They tookthe Royalist aide, at the ^omitieiio^ 
meat ofth^ Aikieri«<^ wiaTf andw«r«/<$bf^ied io<-fiy fi^M^Dlfi 
Counti^', wher^ their rproplnty wasfotfeited. Th^ w^t tx^ Jt&^ 
West Indies ttbd rdtbaihed taS th& peatj^ 1^ 1783, wheii m/bHiff 
Sh^eai settled 'm Landdw, knd is fiow il 'Aiferchttot the^e of gi^ea^; 
wedtthand of'thc fint raipebtabHity. tie Mh a kr^ fafitftfy^ 
William 8h«ddcB wdoit tir i^ftw- Ytirk, wh^re" he s^tled, and di^ 
without issue Hb 1796,.aiid #As^uc«6^ed hy bn: Robert! fhOAcX^i 
t^.^esfcaoiL of/ hia^only aisCMV' Msaiolk Sheddett, taid who, vet ■ 
^aaaecpasaie of an itrnlngtfiiiMl, as al^etedy stated, ^ith his 1M^ 
t^iWiI]iatt,mB4le o9tk tbtefttd^rty to hUn, sd thatt 'k b^dM^; 
TOWti>WiffiflmRiteick,W/S. " 

Theie an mrerfaSt smidi pos^teidii^ omitti^d in this ffs^, ntuii-' 
t«d chiefly in tke neigfabofirlictoid of the town; Among- others^ 
sM tbfr famda of Crumaiblsk, pare!6tdafiy iiroticiftable, a^ hravibg^^ 
been the property at one timeb^ thte-Ralfio) fitttily. Th^ a^ 
valuable lands, but af kno.wsruhdei^ that' mane ^at present, are not 
Ytty extensiirar .They ac^'«^jt«d db the east side oTtlie Umxt> 
aJkLdose upon h, part of Beitt^ h^ag set down t^nm tfa^m* ^RcO" 
att9of thebest villas abouCSerOil Mr. WilWs of C^mqfdck,^; 
in the immediate vioinity, • There is part Also of thdCaldweU-esf 
tats of which no notice is takefn. Ris situated in t^ iro'^lii^^^ 
oomer of the parish, the gttat body however, of that pi^ft^y, '. 
lte» in -Reniwwglnre. ■ ■ ■■ • V ... '' . 

<i' , 1 •-» <j»% ■•;«i' 



01^ CUnftitigi^nMr 





Treeafflie^ HazIehea<I, ftc. - 
Haiasheadt Highats, fiigg8ur> 
6rawfield» &c. - 
&oaghi^ood» &C. 

Broadstwe, &c« 
Qlraghodsej &c* - 

Thr^pwood, - . - 
"^ilknvytOrds, - 

pan of • 


qufl;' •. - . 


Bal^y,; JKirt of 

Stirlings Highgate, 



l^rdial Landi part of - 

Jhroimbill^ --^__ 

Muintods part of — ^ 


^ree, part of - 

Tlurd^part, part of 

VUgnfrpvxt of 

S&otU, &c* ' ' 


Sbuthbar,^ . 
TloNftp^i^od, part of 
DittOr Ditto, 
JBugtMi Riga^ pvt of 

Hettkhim^ part df 
Tliirdrparti pvt of 
Netdehirsti part of 
Bogpide; .• / -i " 

ZjligcunwR)^ pflrt-^G 


• Chr.' Robert Patricki * 

ftc. Pavt <tf CatdweU, - - 

^ General A. G. Stirfing, * 

- Ladi Marr Montgomery, 

- WiUiate ntrick, Esq. W.S. 
. lam^s Ctawford, Esq. 

• Mm Pttlton, Esq. 

• Hogb Bro'irtij £siq, 

• Mrs. Montgomery, 

. yi^un^Mwell, ^ - - 

• *' Jolkn liore^.' • 

• {^.ofert Stecie, * " * 
m Mr^ Diowii^ * M » 

. Robert B!g|;art» 

. SirJfMbielShsirStewair^l 

^ JoUi Urqtibart,' 

. HufliKer, • . • 

JoiivWiM^ • - 

Robert Ko^gomery, 
Rpbtit Spelt, 
John ffl»ddto, ' 
John Gflraour, 
Jam^s Pattibk, 
JobACHhtoiir/ - 
William "WifsoDi 

Margaret Patrick^ • - 
Robert 01asgbw» El^r 

* ^^i II 

• 580 O 

- 290 1 

- 284 
« 2M 1£ 

- 186 1 

- 170 16 
1?0 16 

- 165 
^ 150 

- 1S6 

- 114 

< t 

Btigh Ker^ 
Robert ShckUtei^ . 
Hugh Stcvrason* . 
R« King, 

Thpmas Biggsff^^ . 
Mrs. FultoHf - 
John Stevenson, (• 

JWin K^r» , - 
JqRd Fl^Ming, 

Jolin GemiHel, . 

ISk^ Oemmel, 

Mrs. %eir, 






89 18 
80 I« 
1*1 17 

8S id 

98 II 
S8 If 

57' fr 






. ♦■ 

























ft : 













[PflTiA <sr 

Balgray Muiry 
Lugton-RigSy part of 
Mains, &c. 
Giffin-Castle, ,- 
Gree» part of -- 
Muirston, part of 
Bank - 

Gree, part of .- 
Dockra, part of . • 
Dod^a, p^rt of * 
Burnside, • » 

. ]^ugton Rigs, part of 
DrumbMie) part ^ , m 
MarfhaUMnd, part of 
Mains^Ifainilton, part of 
Gat«heas^ .- . - 

Netdehirst, part of 
l^aigji Mains, ^ 

«-oad»tone> part of 
Hoods ytids, - 
Maivf -Hamiltoiit part of 
Crummock, &c.. 


- William King, 

- /rhoBiM Sno&rass, 

- Andrew ftlarsnal, 

- James Kcr, 
John Ritchie, 

- U^iomas White, 

• A John King, 

- R* and D. Snodgrass, 

- Robert Craig, • • 

• John Cochran, 

- .Robert Carrick, Esq. 
«• Mathew P4>Qock, 

- Jobn'Bihith, 

• William Stevenson, 

• John Wark, 

• James XSilmour, 
«- ,« George Ker, 
' Francis Wark^ 

- William Stevenson, 

• . J. Ker, 
.*. R. fiiggart, 

- • Mrs. Gibson, • 
» Alexandar Ranvsay, 

- 'WiUiamABrydont 

- .John. White), -. 

• JCirk Seaaioii, -• 

- R. GUies, 

• John Barr, 

- .Bryce Ker> 

- Robert Love, 

- Robert Hoottouo, 
f William Wilson, 

- HeiKttf William Stewart 

iBO Subjects as jibove, having in all ... 

,17 Subjects from jSIS 5s. ]5d, to jftli^- ineluUve» iaall 

30 Ditto» under L.IO, having in all 

.<9 Ditto, in the town, having ii;& ^ . ... ^. .. 

Total of the parish, in Ayrshire ..... 

3 in Shitterflatt, in^Ren&eifaiirif^i ' a ' .. 

J 59 Total of Beith^pariftfa, . . . « ' .. 



















86 10 

















































5704 11 


18d 15 


191 7 


S6 19 

. 5 

6115 14 




9230 7 e 


of Caldwell. 

Robert Patrick of Treearne. 
•William Patrick, W. S. 
Lt*-G6n. Stirling of Ducbra. • 

HvGH- Brown of Broadstone. . 
H. Crawfurd of Brownmuir,^/^ 
Sir M. S. Stewakt of Grteenbck 
Ca^t A. MoNTGOMEKTofGiffim^ 

^EITB] . OF Cunntng;i)amt. 293 

On a hill on the estate of Hazlehead, there is one of those large RKking Stenei, 
of sereral tons weight, generally ascribed to the times of the Druids. This was wont ' 
to be set in motion by the smallest force, but has now, in a great measure, lost that 
faculty, from having been disarranged in its position, by attempts, in digging under it, 
to ascertain the manner in which it was poized. Not far from it, there has also been 
sereral tumuli, composed of heaps of stones, under which, in square cells formed with 
flat stones set on edge^ were found humanbones; Some of these heaps have been re- 
rnoved entirely. Part of one, of uncommon largeness, still remains. It had been 30 
or 40 yards in length, from 24 to 30 feet broad, and from 6 to 8 feet in height above 
the surface of the adjacent ground.' Inthb, the Tells for depositing the dead were 
each about 6 or 7 feet in length, about 3 feet wide, and about 30 inches deep. The 
stones that formed the sides and roof of each were huge unshapely slabs, of a ton 
veight, ^r more, — so long, that one served for each side, and one as a covering at top- 
The side stones rested on the solid ground, at bottom. These receptacles, were ar-, 
langed liLe catacombs, in two regular lines (lengthways' iif the niiddle of the tumulus)! 
fronting each other, with a passage between, of about 4 feet in breadth. In each,; 
were found the bones extended of a man t the scull resting on a stone at the inner 
end, while at the feet, were the bones or skeleton of a dog, lying across. This points 
evidently to man, in his Hunter state } — who knows, how many ages gone ? Perhaps 
in the nngalian times ;— not only before the eta of Christianity, but that of the first' 
Roman invasion. These sepulchfal cayenis were concealed hy the tliick covering of 
loose stones laid over the whole ; filling up not only the passage in the middle, but 
extending 6 or IT feet beyond the cells, on each side of 'tfao tuiQulus.' The cells were 
so nearly laid together^ that there was little interval between the side stones of one, and 
the side stones of those next it. It was in removing Ihe loose stones, a few years ago, 
to forma roi^ in the neighbourhood, that the discorery' was made. About SO feet to 
length, in the middle of the tumulus, is still entire, and, no doubt, contuns some more 
of these singular depositations of departed heroes. Dr. Patrick has enclosed it with a 
wait to prevent further delapidtttion. ' A'slngje Vead, and a smidl bit of copper like a< 
piece of defaced coin, were (he pnly extraneous things found. 

(E^tStn Caxtle, 

From the North. 

SSii PASTiCDtAn iiEseitiniaK . [Piuatk^ 


NLOP pariah is situated on the south-cast side of 
hat of Beith, and is separated from it hy the water 
f LugtoDythe whole.way. On the n.e. it is bouiid- - 
d by the county of Renfrew, and every where else 
y the parish of Stewarton. .. The length from s. w. . 
to K.E. is about 4 miles, and the breadth, in a direction across to 
this, is little more than 2 miles; Tlie whole extends to 4462 . 
acres, exclusive of that part of it, in the county- of Renfrew, to - 
which this account dOaa not apply — only so^far, that it ext^ids. 
to about 700 acres. 

(Peneral appeawntc. — This is so well described by the Rev. 
Mr. Brisbane, in the Statistical Account of this parish, in 1793, . 
that I shall quote hia words. . " It may be said to consist of a . 
great variety of hills. None of them remarkable for height, but 
many of them for beautiful and extensive prospects, and all for 
the rich grass they produce ;— and though hilly, is of easy access 
and well adapted to the purposes of pasiure and. agriculture." I 
may add, that none of these small hills rise above 100 feet above 
the surrounding hollows — and that several of them present steep 
fronts of naked rock, more especially those in the vicinity of the 

S0intvai0. — There h an excellent bed of limestone on the 
lands of Gameshill on.the southern boundary of the parish, which 
continues to be wrought to a considerable extent. There is little.- 

mmLOP^] OF Cunningftamei s&s^ 

more wrought in (jhe parisb> though it is found in other places^ 
There i& no coal at all. The great" body of the parish stands on 
basaltick rock, and this mineral and coal are never found in con« 


^q|{^ — ^Xhe substratum as above being either limestone or 

sotten rock, the soil is excellent, even though it should be of 
slender depth. In no parish yet described; is there so great a pro- 
portion of fertile soil, or so small a proportion of barren, as in 

CtOp0 Cultititttell* — Wheat very little : yet every other kind 
of grain is cultivated with greiU; success. But the dairy is the 
predominant object here, and every thing must give place to pas- 
ture, or be subservient to it. — Even Turnip, to which the soil is 
peculiarly applicable^ is very little known as a field production. 
Potatoes are preferred to it, by all dairy people here, as having 
less tendency to give u taint to the milk, wd are grown exten*- 

^;;*4«^/aik"S'^^^^ 3200I "S^^ 

«»^^^ i Natural pasture, &c...„ 332 f ^^ 

.Woods and gardens,.. « 54 J ^^^^^ 

iAUt ©tO(&. — Milch-Cows, with the young stock required to 
keep up the number, form the chief branch. There are some 
grazing cattle laid on the old pastures of the two largest estates, 
biit almost none of such, any where else. — Sheep are kept only ^ 
in three's or four's,*. on any possession, for wool for family use; ::;. 
generally of an excellent kind.' 


Horses of all descriptions, ,,,„.„. 1 03^ 

Cattle ditto, 1074 

Sheep, ^ M :... 150 

Swine, *-.» •.„.«...« . 240 

2?Unl0p Cf)?(jOf0;-~Though this parish has long obtained a ce>* 
Jebrit^ for cheese, yet, neither is the breed of milch-cows better* 


296 PARTICULAR DESCRifTiON [Parish of 

here, than in the rest of Cunninghame, nor the mode of cheese- 
making different All Ayrshire cheese goes by the same name» 
and, through it all, the quality is remarkably similar. Dunlop 
indeed had the merit of first bringing this cheese into notice 
owing, it is said, to a Barbara Gilmour who, about 120 years ago, 
had acquired, in Ireland, a particular knowledge of making cheese 
from the whole milk, instead of skimmed milk, which till then 
had been the usual practice in this country. This gentlewoman, 
returning here to her native country, paid more than usual at- 
tention to the making of cheese, and it soon acquired a name, 
and with it the practice extended by degrees over the whole 
neiglibourhood.— Her descendants now enjoy a considerable ex- 
tent of property in the parish. I enter into no discussion as to 
the mode, of manufacturing this cheese, otily^ so far as I have ob- 
served, there seems to be no pieculiarity in it, further than what 
may be supposed to arise from dexterity in consequence of long- 
continued practice. It seems to be the general richness of the 
milk, which forms the basis of the whole. It may even be ob- 
served, thai there is still something in the quality of this cheese, 
that originates in chance. For, it is obvious, that even in the 
same dairy, cheese made all in the course of the same period, 
are not all alike ,good^some being more excellent than others. 
There are even some dairies, from whence It is in better repute^ 
than in others, without any observable difference in the pastures 
— or in the cows— ^or in the manner in which they are fed. The 
different agricultural tocieties would do well to institute an annu« 
al premium for the best cheese. 

JFaitf — Dunlop Hallow-Fair is among the best in Cunning* 
haihe ; especially for dairy stock. 

BoatljBf* — Thi^ parish is remarkably well accommodated with 
roads,, in all directions. The materials for road-making are> in 
every part of it, had in abundance, and of the best quality. 

Town op Dxj^nlop.— This pleasant village consists chiefly of 




a single streeti inhabited by about 200 people. It is situated on 
^e road from Beith to Stewarton, about five miles from the first 
and three miles fi*om the latter place* The water of Gl^zert 
winds round it^^n the south, from east to west; — ^the banks of 
which exhibit, in various places, a picturesque scenery of craggy 
rocks, of considerable height, almost perpendicular. The soil a- 
round it is excellent, and every villager has his nice little garden. 
It is too small a place to have any manufactures,'beyond the usu- 
al demand of the neighbourhood. There are in it 


Masons, ■■„ 





Smiths, « 


. 6 
, 5 

- 1 


no Baker — ^no .Fleshei^-*and so few complaints among the. peo- 
ple, that there is not a Surgeon in the parish-*nor a Writer in it 
all. Neither are there any Dissenters* The population in the 
parish amounts to about 1010. 

School. — ^None but the parochial one, taught by Mr. Bryce» 
at .which there- are dbout 70 scholars at an average in the year — 
considerably more in winter, when the grown up boys and girls 
can best be spared from field operations. 

State of the Foor« — In such ahealthy .parish as this is^ and 
uncontaminated with the dissipation and vices of mechanics^ con- 
gregated into crowded towns, there must be but a smallpropor- 
tion of indigent people. The poor on the^permanent roll amount 
to only seven^ and three or four more that get occasional supply* 
Among the first there is distributed yearly about ^45, including 
their house rents; and among the last £5^ making ^50 in all. 

9fiVttUittt0 — since the devolution. 


John Jameson,...* Sept 21. 1692 

James Rowat, • Translat. to Jedburgh. 

ilobert Baird, .........March 28. 1734. Died March 27. 1756. 

Dr. James Wodrow,-. September 1. 1757. J '^'X^.tfl^i^^?^ 
^ 4F 

I October 1759. 

996 ^Axttemnik utacK^non. [IWiriSc«f 

VAiSEsi Apwrmi, TBAN8LATED, 

Jotei P«Hwton^« ^.September S5. 17e0.i Tran& to ^a^^, %v, 

John Graham.. May 12.:i763........4^^rH«*Se^^^^ 

Thomas Brisbane, .April 27. 1780 

There aVe 55 distinct properties in this parifiAr) possessed by 
nearly the same number of heritors, of whom 44 are^ resident^ 
besides the principal herttOTi who resides occasionally. These 
occupy their own lands as hasbalndmen» and all having a portion 
of wood, less or more, arotmd their respective mansionfiv at no 
great distance from each" dther, gives the cotmtry a cheerful and 
cnltiv^ed appearari^^. The extent df th^se propiirti6s is, each 
from I^ acres 6r less, to 150 or teore, but todre generally from 
26 dikeu to ($0. The princip3tL estate is that of Bii^Loi* prop^. 
It is situated chiefly on the eastern side of tbepathfa, having 
only two or thi^ee fkms West froin the village. The -t^holfe ex- 
tends to t(pwards of 1000 acres of excellent land, iacltii^Tng more 
than 20 of very thriving Wood, some of it veiy kncient, and tome 
more recently planted. Th6 inh^iioir-place of this barony is set 
down in a hoHow, by the side of a small rrviiJe't, which 'divides 
ihis parish from that of Stewarton on the east. It is a stately 
fabric of pretty ancient standing, having the ih^e 139^ over the 
mftin door. It has been a fortified place, in the spirit of ancient 
times, but nevertheless is possessedof great acicommodafioti, With, 
several elegant apartmentts. It is the occasional residence of 
Lietit-GenerarJames Bunlop of Dunlop, the representative of a 
&mily of considerable antiquity. 

Uuntop Of DUrttop; 

Of tite: first establishment of this family, no authentic ^ccowit 
appears. But in the Charter chest of the Burgh of Iryine,^ is tCr- 
be seen a notorial copy of an inquest taken in 1260, respect- 
ing some lands ib litigation between Dom. Godfrey de Ross and 

tinft vBiit£^ In whidi thie vnne of Data, WUlia« 4e Danlop is 
iDcidentally mentioned. Thirty-six yeari after tlili pcfriod* nomdy 
ia 1990,. ihd nune of Neil JFIb-Btotert de Dalop is to h6 met 
wlik ikk the Ragman RoH,wb»m I^^t conjectures to have been 
«f jDahiop. [8tx toL U. p^ 38. mffp.] 

About the middfe of the ibUowiiig =cietit«ty, ^m^ Stewart of* 
Bate, ^eabtgtm^^m <if Robert II. h t^ted to have married a 
dM^hfenof Datikfp of that ilk.: f€(eie Brown's Gen«aTdgi(»l Tree.} 
Fr»ra tiiis diiie:fiSirwiird, the 'h'sdstseOfoe of the family is well es- 
tablished by their title deeds and othes authorities.. 

III. Thus in* 1498 CoNs'PANrciNlE J3vmJot of that Ilk, has a 
transaction respecting the' entry of the lands of Hunthall, thiott 
had bfeen iaarveir since the tkn^ of bis -gijandftitfier, Alexander' 
'Bnti](^ He nay therefin« ha ^n^ted-as the third Mnk in thii • 
chain of genealogy, wkfaout^hig itethorback ia the precise de- 
duction.* . 

IV. <ih 14dd Alekakskr &oifhov, in oil prc^adbrility the soit 
of Constanltfrte, MttMr «ppohit«d by *Farliament'(fiiaa^g Other Lovds 
a84lhdy are- termed) to c6lledt'4he by^nte rtetite ant^casualties df ' 
thse Oown, in Stet^Aou ansA KilmaraiOGk, alotfg with Alexander 

* Might I hazard a conjecture -as to the cfiusf? of that.cfaasm ,in the historr of this 
house frcnti 1^({0, till th& time of the gfatidfatherdPCbnstatitine, who appears m 1483, 
it would ^ thk^— That the ^amilf of DunJQp had taken |mf with^BUliri in ths con* 
test with Bruce for the kingdom about the beginning of the fourteenth cei\turyi and 
litfdb^to'f^Ffeified by tBe^ latter In conse(][uem*ei'sinld Aeh* lands attached to the CfOwn^ 
It is so-far certaipy that this birdny :bel0a|[ed t4f Robert IJL in ISdQt ^s it was then - 
*conferrefd by him on his son in-law^ Archibald, fonrth Earl of X>6uglas, along, with 
<Be'forfeii;dtft C<)rdshi{>^<Sf SterMttdtiy in* the v^cinitf, tHat fdl to the Oown inthereign-> 
of 4lobeit Bruce, on the attainder^ a potent branch of the family of Hoss for adher- 
Mg to Ule')Salir61 inteYe^t. Thii "EazI of Dougkft conferred these lands, among othecst^ , 
nn fat»>own'soli-»in-law, John^ Earl df Btfcha^ in^l^iS, and >Krho: being slain.^at the - 
battle of yimuill In 1424, wkhout leaving issue m.sde^. it is probable that these kiub 
%^ould retail again to the faMly of Douglas. That they actually did so, appears from • 
this, that OB the :26th Oct. 1^46 1> Jb^me^II. renewed a charter of tfaeaito William ther 
eighth £arl of Doug^s^ lad 'whose brother and successor, James the ninth Earl of) 
-Dd^his leifig'fbrfeited in' 1^$5^ ihe hnd^ of Dunlop wouM again revert to the Crown ' 
-^^Ich ^ifp^ then 'tfest&ce^the.aiicrinit patrimony of the Dunieps to'the desceoiU'- 
ants of its 'pnginal Barons— who appear, as here instructed, to have been the propriei> - 
iiM'ab6M^lti«te^et:l4^. ^ ' j 


Boydi uoquiistiooablj of the KUmnriiDdk: fatnily. [See.the Bee 
oif* Par. lately published.] 

V, In 1537 Alexan0£e Du^nlop^ (son it is to be presumed 
of the preceding) is in possession of the lands of HuDtfaaU^ alias 
Dunlop> and of the presentatiao of the parish iderkship of Dun- ^ 
lop and patronage of the churdi. By a Charter sunder the .'great 
3eal, in the reign of Queen Mary «nd ^rotiectorriiip <if the Earl 
of Arran — he settled his estate on has .five sons in fioccesaiwgi?— 
James, William, Cqnstantine, ^9bert and Aiukew. . He was 
succeeded by his son, : ,. • . 

rVL James Dunlqp of Dunlopj whose retour is. dated in 
J 549. He was succeeded by his SOB, .^ 

Vn. James Dun).op pf Duulop iu li82& He married Jeaoi 
daughter of ^o^ei^ilje of Ccmioethan, by whom he left tiuree 
sons: LJani^s; 2. John> after wards of . Ganildik ; 3. William^ 
afterwards of Bloak. He was succeeded by his son, 

VUL . Jakies DxxHLq^ of Dunlop in 1611. He married Mar- 
^ai^et H^ioilton, said to. have been t^e widow of a Bishop of Lifr- 
more^ by whom ^e had , a soq, Janoiesj thfit did not immediately 
succeed hiiDi vas Jtbe estate, idnrcnigh some family anangement 
not explained, went on his father's resignation in 1633 to his 
uncle, John of Garnlcirk, but it should seem iu Ufust only^ for 

IX. In 1638 James Dunlop, son of James, obtains a Charter 
under the great seal of the landsi of J])unlop, od his uncle. John's 
resignation in his favoun . He married iE^isabeth Cunninghame, 

by whom he had two sons, Alexander, and. John* He seems to 

, . • - 

have been a warm supporter of the Tresby terian cause, and to 
hav.e had his shaii&'of sufferings accordingly , being often, noton^ 
ly heavily fined,; but thrown into prison in those execrable times. 
[See Crookshan^s' Hist] For. some family reasons, not men- 
tion^, this gentleman also made a temporary alienation <^ a 
considerable part of his lands to the Earl of Dundonald ii^ lifer 
rent and his son Lord Cochrane in fee,— iq all probability .as a 

DVNLOPJ] OF Ctmnfnfi(|)8me. S9L 

skieen from ^rfbittlre, this happening about the PcJta[tlaihS*hin8-'^ 
time in 1667. When he died is not mentionedi but his son^ 

X. Alexander DimLtfp, married Antonia Brown, daughter oif 
Sir • Brown oF Pordel, by^Dame —— Scott, (afterwards Lady 
Rowallan,) in 1667, on which occasion his father made over to 
lum the valuable, possessions of Mutrsfaields, Over and Nether 
Oldhalis, trallobeifies, and barony of Peacock-bank. By this 
^Lady he had a son, 

XL John Bunlop of J[)uiil6p, who in 1684 got a disposition 
to the lands that had been sMtled on his father, Alexander, and 
in 1685 the Earl of ^Dimdonald resigned to him those lands of 
which he had got a^ conveyance ; and in 1687 he had an adjudi-^ 
cation against his grandfrther, James, by which he got possesion 
of all his estates. In 1688 he had a part of ihem erected into a 
. &ee barony, by the name of the Biarony^ of Dunlop. It should 
seem that hedied about the year ^18, without issue, or proba^ 
. biy unmarried, when he was succeeded by 

XL Francis Dunlop of Dunlop, bis. yoningest brother out of 
mx» There were also two snteiti.^ He married Ist Susiui^ 
daughter of Lechie of Newknds,*by^hom h^ had three sons : 
!• John, <^ whom afterwards; 2. Hugh, who flied a student at 
Glasgow College in his 17th year ; S. Alexander, Major of the 
Inniskillings whidi he commanded on the'Unfortunate expedition 
to CartJiagttia in 1741, from which, on accoimt of bad health 
iSiere contracted, he^as €ft)Kged'to vetire, and died on his reCura 

^ Of the four other brothers n6thjng is known but that x>iie of them went out in 
fix unfortunate expedition to Darten and waa nerer more heard of. The eldest sister 
Eliadbefh^ ^vas married to Sir Robert Deahafi, 9Mrt. and Mt two sons^ 1. ftobcfl^ 
who succeeded to the title. and estate ; went into the Royal Navy» and had the conu 
mahd of a ship against the Spaniards, and fell in action, early in life ; 2. Alexander^ 
went ii^to the Army — was sent to the West Indies— fell into bad heajth thefe^ 9ff4 
lived only to land in Britain. The youngest married an English Gentlenum of th^ 
«snc tf Brewster; who was forfeit in the stf /mv/. She Utewise left two soiMi bsA 
<^ whom were put into the churchy and left families. These four boys» losing Ihnt 
parents in xnlancy, were educated at Dunlop, with Francis Dunlop's own eons. 




[Parish of. 

to Britain urnnarriod j and a daughter, Antoniai npiarried to Sii> 
Thomas Wallace, Bart of Craigie, but died, with issue. 2dly,^ 

He married a daughter. of Sir rr-rr Kiuloch of Gilmerton and 

widow of Charles Campbell, by. whoip he had two daughters : \,\ 
Magdalane, married to- Robert Dunlop, an Offipcer in the R» Nj 
(and left two children, — a son» Robert, a Lieut in the R. N. has 
a familjf ; and a daughter^, Frances Magd^lane, p}arried to her» 
cousin, John Dunlop. See below) ; 2. Frances, whp died.unn^ar^ 
ried. His last Lady, Mrs* Campbell, had. ardaugbter by her first 
marriage, who was married to SiriRob^t Myrton,rBart 

XIL John Dunlop o£ I)unlp{),.9;> the. resignation of hl« fa** 
ther, Francis,, ia 1748, was^ infeffr intb^ estate. He maririfsd^ 
Frances Anne, daugbt^ pf Siir Thpjnas Wallace of Craigie, Bart«, 
(by his first wife, a:daug^ter of Colonel Agqew ofrLochryan,) by* 
whom he had sevcin soqs and abt slaughters: h- Francis^ died^ 
ypung; 2. Sir TMp^^ whosucc^eded to theesta^otfhis.Duir*. 
teraal grandfather, and took tlM -name of^WaiUace of. Craigie ; 3a 
Alexander, di^d.y^ungv4. Andx^4)^aind5#James,bothrof'whoni af^ 
terwards{^6. JkiborWas jn the Army, hut early retired on halflpaj';, 
marriedliia cousia Frances Afogdalano,. ag above, (by whom he has. 
had seven aons and four daughters ; L John-* Andrew^ writ^ in In-- 
dia} 2. Roberta iatheWestlndies} 3- Henry, advocate ; 4. Wallaca 
Francis, a Lieut in the Ea^st Ij^ia .G^m^ny's .Military Sem 
5v Anthony, a mf^rchant in; Boi|%bay,-*<-and^lwo i^ya w^ died^ 
young* Th€i daughters are unmarried), i 7. Anthony entered tbe^ 
Navy early in life. (He married Ann, daughter of > ■ Cun- 
ningham, £$q. brother of Sir William Cunningham, Bart of ^ 
Fairley, by whomhe^haa: four sons, ;an(l three daughters still in. 
diildhood.) The daughters,t besides* one who died yomig, are,; 
L Agnes Eleanoi^a, married to Joseph Hiaa^ Ee^ochon, a London, 
merchant, son to the very eminent Lisbon- merciiant of that name^ 
and brother to Edward Perochon, many years Britiah X}Qn8ul at^ 
Lisbon I 2, Susan, married to Jiames Henry, a French XSentlp- 


or Cuttnine6iime< 


man, had a son who possesses his Other's pn^eMy near Bour* 

cleaux — ^is married,, and has one child, a daughter ; 3. Frances, 

married to Robert Vaos' Agnew, Esq. of Bambarrow (had five 

sons and four daughters-: 1. Robert, an Officer in the Guards, 

went to the West Indies as bis uncle's aid-^de-camp, and died a 

few days before him : see bdoWi 2, John^ the present 'reprfesen-^ 

tative of thefamily ; 3. tKsmes, was in the R. N. and petished in 

the Qiieen Charlotte, when^she n^B» burnt off Leghorn on the 

17th March 1800^ only 34 officers and 144 seameA escaping ; 4» 

Patrick, Major ii> liie East Indian iCottipaiiy's Seirviee ; 5. Henry 

Stewart, advocate. - One dftii^ier*died ici-infancy, and three re^ 

main unniarriedy;:4i Rafcheli; married^ to' Robert Glasgow, Esq; 

of Mountgr^nao ; and 5. Keith, unmarried. The fburth son^ 

XIIL Andhew Buwloi^ succeeded in 1784 on his father's re^ 

signation to the estate of Dcinlop ; (his only remaining elder 

brother. Sir Thomas thd seeondiMn, having succeeded to the es^ 

tate of >Craigie.) He serveditfvtHfe American war, during which 

he attained to' the rank iof Mejm- v in 17d$ he raised a Regiment 

of Horse, called the( Ayrshke Fenldiyie Oavalry, which he com-^ 

ma'nded till they: were reduced in 1800»' He was afterwards sent 

to the West Indies^ ami dieda Brigidier^Genera] in command of 

tiie troopSt ia^the island of Anti^, ia the year* 1804* He was 

Sttcceeded in th^ instate by his next brother^ 

? XIV. Ja31Es £hiNid>r, the present Laird^f Durnlopiy^r of that 

lUcy aliiieut^CSeneral'in.tbe Army, ^md^ i:epresehtative< in Plftrlia^ 

ment^ for- the third time, .of the County of KiriioudbTtght. H^ 

married' Juli^^ deniightef bf.Hugh'Baillie, Esq. a younger son of 

Baillie of JAcSnktoun^iiy.whom he had three soai^s and twodaugh-i 

ters, still in childhood. 

-AAi6is.^^^Argent ; an -Eagle with two heads displayed, Gule^i^ 
Grostjr. a Dagger in a. dexter hand, erect — motto, Merito. 

'HAPi(.AND, is^ the ^next in extent. It consists of more thait 
40»Q<:a^e$^l)don^iig to diffiorentproprietorst axid is situated norths 

. \ 


wards from die tillage. The whcde u valqable land. ThelKnue 
is situated amidst some thriviog plantation alidhasa goodap« 
pearance* This in anci^t tiines was pirobflbly a. part of the estate 
of Dunlop, as it certainly was po^ssed^ one time by a branch 
of the family. Jn 1573 Johii Duolop is retoured faeir knale and 
heir of entail to his unde, Adam Ddnlop^ in these laada. In 
.1600 David Bunlop.of Hapland excfatoged this property willi 
Patrick Cunning^ame &t the. lands of Bordaud; in whose fiimiiy 
it probably remaioedy till It came to. a branch of the Porferfields 
Qf tbftt t lUc, which w^ in posseasic^ of it in 1648| when John 
FHorte^^elcjL was retooled heic to his ftAliWy Gabriel, in this estate 
9Qd' Qjbher Itiads in tMs pat^ish^ of-vtliidA Ha^Iand^ in parttoolart 
bqliifQg? to ^ diaicefidwits • till this day« Alexander Porterfield; 
the last ItAvH^ of Hafylaodof <^ftt i»me» succeeded his lather, 
(7f)^ieli:i<K>i»etieie >betiWtKt 4ilie years 17SQ aad 1^60, and was 
])nf<Mrt«nat^y kflled» a few yean after, by a fall firom his horse, 
in TetuKif^ng one^night fiwEd fitewaiton. ^Bying unuarriedj the 
.fSt^ b0caine ike pc^perty of bis ihree aistens, co*hefire6se9. Hie 
^destr Johiftiiia, ^^nws matriod .to Tbomas Trotter, Esq. who in 
I763f on tlie death <^blal)rotber Henlry, became Laiid of Mor-^ 
totthall, near Edinburgh, .r^presesktative of an ancient family thei«; 
wd enjoying considerable positesAions ha^ in :Mid Lothian tticl 
in Berwickshire. The ^manor^place of fiaplaiid, and abbufSM 
aefes of landis adjaceuft, lielnng^ow io "her son, Lrient^G^ral 
Alexander Trotter- The second^ «ialier married^ Hamilton of 
{turr; the third sister mamed^miiierviHe of Kftrtnbx, and faev 
diiiighter married Gol. M^Alest^ (ofthefi^ily-Qf L6(^^)iioir 
of Kennpx« and aJbio. prc^rietoor of the vemkindet ofi^ estate ^ 

The lands of Granoc, of CaAi^KAirGHtr, 4)if Taii^skv, of JSasli:* 
BANK, of Broadlee, and of Muirshields, are situated contermi« 
nous to each other in the north-east x:orner of ^he parMsb. lliey 
extend to abont 660 acres, of wl^ich abdve one tbi»cU|iaFt y^bS^ 

VUNLOP.] OF Ctttinitis^amt. ^ 

pasture or moorish Ifmdsi being almost the only lands of thusr 
description in the whole padah. They belong to 8 Qir 9 diffiarent 
proprietors, [See Venation TabW] 

DoimiFLAT» WkTERLAKDSy LoGHaiG^HitXiSyl^ALSETs Essterasd 
Wester, together with GaAioH£Al>> are situated westward from thit 
preceding, and ^extend to the water of Lngton, the io^estiHii houn* 
dary of the parish. The last in particular are .pleasanify situated^ 
as weU as being all good landa» The whole exCteids to abont 
700 acres, and belongs to 5 dii^nt proprietors. See* the Tiibla 

South from these, and lying betwktt them and die lands of 
llapland, are situated the lands of Haul-moss, 'BRaKtLMuia, Ac* 
TON, and HafkjAKD^jcuir, mctending to lifaont 160 acres of land 
of diffeffent qpnlkies. They belong to 4 proprietors* 

Conterminous to^the lands of Hapland^ on tho sdktli^ dmo 
aso time fiurma b^9onging to die Dudklp estate^ aad lAMi oitantt 
<timtward to the water cf !Lngton«-«4dl paitaldng of tlie geson^ 
good ^foality-of the kmda of that Baeony. 

Southwards from these, and chiefly ezttjkiding doW^ 
die Lugton» aremtuated the rettatrkabie goodhuids ef OLMffAU^ 
'consisting of 6 posBessioa8--three on the nocth sifle of the road 
4o Beith, and three on the aondi aide of it Th^ belong to 6 
different psoprietors, who havfe all very pleasant dwe lliegs ttt 
down on tliem respectively. Iliey extend to about S5D aere& 

Ittst to dieaer and extending aoudiwards, betwixt the Xmg^ 
ton and the Glaaert waters, the wfadle feaaasnin^ lei^di of dw 
perisb, are sitnated the fidiomng possessions in the order here 
tCated, foBfu^ notth to soutk; namely, Loanbead, iJpp^ Asonr, 
and AaanmiMAf BaAsasA% WAnaamas, i^jSAnxA% Ttamnh Rii^ 
vxmLiB, and Nedier AiHit, eaitending » slttO'abQtat450acree«f 
good fertile lands, each with dieir MQieotlve comlbrlabie babi* 
tationB^ belonging to difcreot proprieterst 

In the vidaaty of the vill^gi^ on the nertb«de,^ are siiitttMl 
^fibwTHxis^ NswLAKMt «iid KmiLaMM^«*«Dd te the soiithwa#if^ 


306 pAftTidtn^JUt biseiumoN {jPdN'At(fi 

but a Uttle>iarther off, Haplamq-iuu.) Templboovsb, BoeeLiamw^' 
HILL89* Mains, Netherhousxs, and HiSLf extending in all to about > 
350 acres, possessed by 9 proprietors^ of^hom one is non-tesi^* 
dent . They have all suitable houses. On the lastf i» perh$pB 
the best seat of a small' proprietor. iiv the parish. Towards the 
south end of the parish are situated the remaining possessions of 
NxxHERmLLs, Hollows and Gaihshill, all fine properties, pp»-* 
sessed by 5 proprietors of whom 2 are noiM^esident. The extent 
in aU of this class, is about 286 acres, indudingin it, some of the- 
most fertile lands of the . whole; 

At a short distance, lower. down, from Dimlop yillage, anr. 
situated the lands of Borelakd, consisting in general of fertile 
soil, and now dinded* among sundry proprietors, most of whonu 
are non-resident. . The Dunlops of . Boraland have been among. 
Ike most ancient proprietors in the parish. .. They acquired tbiai 
property. A. D. 1600 .by an exchange as akeady .stated, with Cuc«^ 
ninghame of Boreland, for their originid possession 'of Hapland^ 
where they had before resided £>r aeveral ^«neTations. The fa- 
mily has lately diveiged into two branches, through marriage of 
toro heiiessea portioners.* i Mr. Thomas Reid of Balgray, whcv 
married Jane, the youngest,, has recently erected a handsome mo^ 
' dern house on his part of the property. . Mr. Andrew Brown oS^ 
Craighead, who married Mary, the eldest^ has the original man^ 
sion, lately rebuilt, .which is. romantically situated by. the GJazerti * 
as it winds along "^ among its small hills j some .of >them verdaiilr 
with the finest pasture, and others presenting^ a fiice of rock o£. 
the rudest form. There is some;£ne woodon this .property, part* 
ly ancient, and partly youpger- plantation. Other ancient pro«» 
prietorsi are Andersons of Aiketmill and of Broadley ) Craig of 
Boreland-hills ; and Gilmour of /Grange. 

dntiquitiejBt. — In the church yard there is a tomb erected a^ 
bout 180 years ago, .to the mempry of a minister of the paridk 
Ona^fla^tone in the jQoor is the following inscription ?. ft Heis 

^uifLOP^I or cunningftame; S07' 

IjiB Hanis Hamiltoune vicar of Dunlope^ quha deceist ye 80' of 
Maii 1606« ye aige of 72 zeirs, and Janet Denham his spous.'^ 
Under a marble arch, with two marble pillars of the composite 
order in front, are two statuetr kneeling on^ a marble thonument 
in the attitude of devotion/^and -habited according to the fashion 
of the times. Th^re is; also a long inscription on a marble slab 
in the wall^ stating that hcf was son of Arcliibald Hamilton of 
Raplocl), and that hhr Vife was daughter of James Denham of 
Wesfc-SBiieldfl — ^tbat th^ . lived together 45 years, during which 
period he served the Cure at this church; — ^that they had six 
sons, and one daughter, Jean,*tnarried to William Muire of Glan-^ 
derstoun — and other particulars. It appears to hdve been erects 
cd by their son, James the first Vise. Clandeboi^ of the kingdom 
of Ireland, from whom descended the Hamiltons, Earls of Clan- 
Wasil, a family whose honours became extinct in 1798. It is, on 
the whole, a piece of^ fitie workmanship, butfrbm neglect, it is 
getting into^a ruinous state; as there seems to be no person who 
feels a concern to keep it- in repair, though not for want of direct 
descendants in this part of the country* 

Old Castle op Af kei>— was for long, the residence and title 
^f a considerable branch of the Glencairn family, being descend'^ 
ed from Sif James, the second son of Sir JEdward Cunningharae 
0£ Kilmaura who flourished in the end of the 1 3th century, about 
the time of the Bfucean contest. The representative of this fai 
mily apf)ears to be Cunninghame of Monkridden, through Clon-^ 
fieith, (as stated p. 224^) This, old fabric is situated about a mile 
Bfelow the town of Drinlop, on the right bank of the 'Glazert. K 
waa originally one of those square towers, so common in ancient, 
times ih the country— of great height and 30 feet of a side, di- 
vided into 4 stories, and abundantly dismal in its disposidbn of. 
lights. It has been greatly altered of late, so that it has lost:> 
Qkbch of its aneii&nt aspect. ^ The last retour that I have seen o£s 
ke ancient Lords) the-Cutmmghames^ is dated in- 169^. . 

vkwsuivtkh acscmPTioN 









Dunlopt piopec 
Hapland) part of 

Do. - - <•» 

Do. Mttir and MiU» 
SouiueBat and M^aterlands^ 
Grange and MuirshieMi» 
Grange^ S otber parts^ 
Craignaugfati • • • 
Haelehai^ • • ^ 
Tailendy • • 

Broadleei « •> 

Halker» Eaat^j, 
Do, Westeri 
CZtaig^adt « * * 
Ix>ckrigfaiU8|^ « • « 
HaD-moss^ • • • 
fiickelnuikf • « <* 
Alton, NewlandSf Strutbers^ 
Kitkbmds, Pendicle, 
jQldkdky 5 subjeoia from je4&7 
toje20ea€h9 ^ - j 

Han - ... . 

fiartbsid^ part rf • • ^ 

S more subiect8» andy the HU1« - 

>^ket, 8 subjects, « . ^ 
lioaahead, 2 subjects^ j 

Braehead, . • - • 
Leahead and part of Atketi 
fWaterside, 2 subjects, • - 


Rarenslie, « i» « « 

Templehouse, - - - 
Netherhouses, 2 subjects, 

Mains, - - • • • 

Netherhills, 3 subjects, • « 

Hollows, - • - • 

Caimshill, - « * • 

Total in Ajrrshire, - 
In Renfrewshire, 

Xotal in Dunlop 




QtMotA 'Dvolapji - • 

G?n. Trotter, - £3SS O 

Cotonel M'Aiester, 170 17 ^ 

Wark, Loff ant -^ ;i6 6 S 
Part of Caldwdl, 
Mr«Cgclinine, • * 

Camo«v,.GiliiioiMr, Jbir. Mr. Cbrk, 
John GQmour, 
Heirs Poftionersi ' • 
Joim Anderson, • ' 

MbiWTliie^ . 
John Robertson, 
Andrew Brown, • 

TXm^LM IT?! In. in ml 


WUfiam MiQer, 

Robert Duncan, 

Wark, HalL Gilmour,, ^ 

Dunlop^ Bar, - - ' 

Walk, Moifis^ Gilmour^ , m 

Codmne, Fergossen, 

John Brown, 

Robert GkMgow'j'^sq. - 

Brown, Reid, Campbell, Craig, 

Gibson, Logan, Anderson, 

Cochran, Calderwood, m 

Jbho Gilmour, r . 

John Gemmill, 

Gemmil, Stewart, 

^avid Gemmil, • 

David Cunainghaaae, « 

John Gemmil, • 

Mrs. Gemmil!, A. Brown, Esq. 

Robert Carrick, Esq. » 

J. Anderson, R.Anderson,SteTensoii 9$t 

Robert Glasgow, Esq. - * 4* 

William Cunnanghame, Esq. ^ 79 



Ge IS 

66 IS 
Bt IS 
92 IS 

la IS 









185 6 9 


















^ *j;s4 s ft 

« 4U5te • 


H. Trotter of MortonbalL— Lieut-Gen, J. Dxmubt d Baiilop. 


• Supposed Co be so, from being required to cdnplete the total warn, of ihe TalaalioB. 

mVBWABTON.} OF Ctttrnm^Nmi* Ml 


TEWARTON parish is situated southwards fitnu 
that of Duidop, and is otherwise bounded by part of 
HenfrewdiiretMi thenoSrifaaeast ; bj the parities of 
Feitwick ajad I^e^^otti dn the south } and by those 
of Irvine and Kilwinning on the west Its.greatest 
length is from east to west, in which it is nealrly 10 Qiiles,%hi]8t 
its breadth in a direction from s. to n. varies from 4 -miles to lit- 
tle more than one^ It extends in all to about 20 square miles. 

iBtWnl Ctwestance*''— This parish rises gradually froin s. w, 
to N* Jb tiU it twmiiiates on the boundary line "With the county 
of JUdfrewy wheire the lands are of a considerable height, and 
get dtiYersafied into small hillst It is intersected alsot dirough its 
whole e^Heiit^ bj several streams of considerable size, as the 
Awipciky the S^iasey, the Corsehill-bura^ and the Glazert ; sdme 
Qf fthich fiow in v^ery deep channelss The surface, of course, is 
icer)r u&Q(|«fd } luidr though thete is not a great expanse of wood* 
land to be met with in any one )>1ace, yet as the numerous body 
of residing ^iKpritors hare all of them plantations^ less or more^ 
arotufiid tb^it respective man&iocw^ the face q£ the tountry luw H 
^eerful and sbciltered aspect; while even the clittiirte itself is 
the more genial in consequence. 

^iperaliBF*'— CoAi. Is to be met with In many places in thin 
strata under the beds of limestone, and, so far as access ttay b0 
thus got to it, is applied On the spot to th0 burning of that lime) 

* 41 


but no where has it yet been found so thick in the seam as to ad- 
mit of being wrought by itself -^Limestoke abounds greatly 
in the eastern division of the parish, near to Stewarton, where it 
lies near the surface, very level and easily wrought. — Fbeestone,^ 
well adapted to buildings « is also abundant.— Basaltick RocKy 
commonly called Whinstone, is the general miijeral towards the ' 
march of the parish with Renfrewshire on the east and north« 

%tnl\ — This in general is a fertile clay, or easily converted ^ 
into such by cultivation ; some also is derived from moss, which, 
from the recent improvements, bids fair to be as productive as 
any; but much»remaiii6>stili to be done.: 

Boadtf* — ^It is remarkably well accommodated with turnpike 
roads as alsoparish roads in all directions, though the access from, 
these, to the interior of the difierent properties, i^ in tnany case^ 
not very good, and In som« very badr 

Ctop0 CultftWte&»^ — Wheat is not regularly introduced into 

the system of rotation, neither Summer Fallow nor Turnip, ex-> 

cept in the Policies of Lainsbaw and the lands^of Peacockbank. 

Neither can the GREfeN Cropping system, become general en the? 

adhesive clay soil of this parish ond general dampness of the cli-^ 

mate, though it is in some degree introduced on a^mall scale 

through the whole parish — and may in time be extended to a 

greater breadth. — Potatoes are raised however universally^ and 

on a considerable scale, and* much pains are bestowed on their 

cultivation, by every class of husbandmen from tha gr^test pro^ 

prietor to the meanest occupier of a kale^yard.^ 

r In tillage, •../ 15127 

COntent0 Cultivated grass land, ^ « 6320 

OftilC < Natural pasture,...,,^...., «^ 1346 

Patfjeffl. Moss land, &c 825 

L Woods and gardens, « .•...• 142^ 

ILfbe fttOCiU— Milch-Cows form the chief class of 'the cattle, 

but with rather a larger proportion of young stock rearing than 

in the preceding parishes, There are but few sheep, ' - 

> 10,145 


,^ ' Horses of all descriptions) 261 

Cattle'ditto, 2262 

Sheep, 270 

Swine, «........*;...; .......i 474 

The extent of this ancient Lordship is nowheire defined, though 
tx^n mefitidrted in oM Charters^; but seems to have extended 
beydnd the parish^or at least- to have comprehended lands that - 
are not ^ present in it The nanie^itself is perhaps coeval with 
that of the siirname ofSlewart, which- was first used, as a family 
dktincticMtv by Walter 11. ^e third High Steward, who succeed- 
ed to the office in ?204^ as* previous to this; the designation of 
Stewart was limited to the person in ofilte. 

'The Lordship of Stewarton was th'fe proper inheritance of 
lames the High Steward who succeeded to the office in 1283 i 
tiiough «t the sartte time a pot&ht brftnch of the family of JEloss 
had a part of the lands :*^theri » of Walter IIL the sixth Steward i 
then of Robert IL King of Scots : and afterwards, of his son 
Robert ;nr.-»-*U* High Stewiards in succession. [See Humeri 
Breface to^ the History of the Douglasses]. We shall find that 
the Lordship <*f StewaMonwas vested in the crown -at different' 
tras much lower 'down. 

Sl^warton, Armsheugh, and Dunlop, ih Cunnibghamc-^and ' 
TVflkmage itt Carrick — were given as a dowry by Robert HI.' 
with bis dat^hter Margaret to the renowned Archibddj'^surnamed 
Tyrieraan/ the fourth Earl of Douglas.' The second of these ba- 
ronies,' Annsheogh, belong'ed at onetime to John -Balliol, King- 
0f Scblsi and was: forfeited by Robert Bruce, after his successful 
assumption df the- Crown in 1306, and probably at that time was^ 
oonferr^^ on his son4n-kwv Walter the High Steward, as hii. 
slftase. ill .tlie> spoils of the Balljbl family. 

I .T^e above AtcbibaM, Earl of Douglas, whten he gave Elisa- 
heih'^iii^^narriage to Jolih «Ste\f»pt, Earl of Buchan, the second* 


son of Robert Dukeof Albany-*-4>»fcowed on hiiHy atbame tim^ 
the lands of Stewarton, Arinsheugh, and.Dunlop» iq Cunnings 
hame ; Trabuage> in Carrick ; and Tiiljyfrazer, in Starlingshire. 
.The Charters for all these were confirmed by the Grovemor, 
Duke of Albany, in; the eighth .year oChis^vernmentship; cor- 
responding to the yqar 1414. 

This Earl of Bucban^ Constable of FraiK^ 4p4 the im>9t Jlei- 
roic of the whole Stewart family, was killed} along with his^ fttbei^ 
in-law, ^rl Douglas and Duke of Touraiiiei at the battle <£. 
Vernueil on the 27th August 1424* He left OQly one.childi a 
daughter, Margaret, who iya$ married to Groorge Iicml S^toitf 
whose father^ Sir WiUirai Seton, was abo slaia at the battle of 
VernueiL The earldom of Buchan reverted to the crown, but it 
should seem that the lands of Stewaitont at leasts and Dunlop, 
returned again to the fiimily of Douglas^ It ia cettajin so far, thA 
a Charter of oonfirmation of these l^dfe as idready . noticed m 
the account ,of thefiunily of Dunlppi was ^atited by James 11; 
in 1451 to the then Earl ol" Dowlas ] .andoii hi9 forfeitiirer about 
3 or 4 years after^ they would revert once niCNre to the crown. 

The next account I find of the Lprdship of SteHiraiton, is itt 
the Records of Farliamratj did;ed 21st ^une 1^S6^ wh^n thare is a 
ratification by Parliament of a gifi; by James V. to hds ^ jGamiliat 
*^ servitor. Henry Kempt of the lands of Dowyra» Patterton, :Ro- 
^^ bertland, Cultiswra^ and Clarklands, in the Lordship^ of Ste#ar«- 
'' ton." The two last, ci^ed the ^' 6 marklaod of Glarklaiids tod 
<^ Mill thereof, and 40^ worth of ilie lands otf Culti6wra>'' had 
aflerwards been granted to Mungo Muir of JRowalfam, butihiir 
Charter of them, after infeftmentj^taken^ was set aside by Pariiai* 
ment on the 20th Nov. tlie same year, ^^ His Majestie haviir beea 
^^ Gircumventit thereintill, the samen havin been befer aet in feu 
*' ferme to his lovat familiar Henry Kempt" It . should seeni^ 
however, that these lands and Lordship bwl reverted to the crowB 
.again : for on the 19th April 1^7^ ja Charter was gnmifd by 

STEfTARTON.] 4p CunntngSatttft sis- 

Qqcen Marie, and ratified by Parliament^ (besides many other' 
possessions, ^^ of all and haill the landis and Lordship of Stewart 
^^ ton with the fen mailb, &c. in the Baillierie of Cunninghame* 
to her daylie and familiar seryitor John Semple^ son to Robert 
Lord Semple, and ^Marie Levingstoun (daughter to William 
^ Lord Levingstoun) her hienes familiar servitriee, to Knit thame 
^ togidder in lauchful marriage^ with ptovision of an reasonable 
" leving.** 

These two well-endowed spouses^ were " John the Dancer, 
and Marie the Lusty'* of John Knox, who were ancestors of the 
respectable family of Semple of Beltrees and of Third*part in the 
County of Renfrew, which last was retained- by their posterity 
till the year 1758^ when it was sold to Macddwal of Castle^emple, 
by Robert* Semple the sixth generation in succession, who died 
in 17S9, at the extraordinary age of 103 years, after having been 
upwards of 80 years. in the commission of the peace, and seeing 
3 generations of his descendants. How long this family retained 
the *' Lordship of Stewarton" is to me tmknown, only, I see thai 
there, was a ratification in Parlian^nt of the infeftment of ^^ Sis 
James Serapell in the lands of Stuarton" in the year 161 2, 

Village op Stewarton. — ^This pleasant and thriving town ht 
situated on the banks of the Annock, about 4r miles n. from Kil- 
marnock and 7 n.e. from Irvine. Till within these 150 years it 
consisted of but ^a very few houses around the church j now it 
extends nearly half a mile ia lengthy ^ith several cross streets 
or lanes : — has in it mat>y handsome buildings, and contains, in 
all, a population of about 1800 souls. The country around it is 
fertile and populous, which gives employment to tradesmen and 
labourer^ of every description ; .whilst provisions, of every_ kind, 
are supplied in abundance. ' 

V Q9.anufactUte0* — There are about 300 weavers' looms ofone 
"kind or other, of which about 250 are employed in the muslin* 
iuid silk fabrics, for the Glas^w and Paisley merchants, and ^ 




[Patiai if 

bout 50 for tbe inore steadj custamaty wof k of the neigfebauring 
pofHikiion. But the manufacture for which St^watton is moot; 
fiuned^ is that of bliie bonnet & Almort the whole of the ivgi- 
mental boniietSv (which even the English Dragoons itnd other 
English soldiers, when in undress^ how wear,) are made, here^ ai" 
well as the common Scotdi bonnet for the countrj people. Thid* 
branch gives employment to from 40 to 60 famUies, iii. which 
women and girls, as well as men and boys, are employed. Thtf 
bonnet-^makeni of Stewarton were^ till of late^ consideted to be a 
corporation; and minutes, recording tii>eir transactions intbiitca|Mk^ 
. city^ have existed for a long period back. Their Deacon baki even 
the honour of being stiled Frincepa Pileortim Actifex, of ScolAaiidi 

One m^iu&cture is almost peculiar to this place ; nmmdy^ 
'that of Cioekwork, which is, in demand over almost all Scdtli^mL 
There is a manufectwe, too, of Spindles ibr Cotton atnd Wtiollea 
Mills, which gives employment to 14 hands. 

There hnve been of kt^e erected various waler^miils ibr emd^ 
ing wool aijd^w, and also for wauking (fulling) <^ bonnets, at 
aome of^^ich there iire tflso machinery erected for spinttteg 
wool ; afnd it is supposed thsR these works, M connected wick 
both the bonnet trade in tSteirarton, and that of earpeti At Kil- 
marnock, might be Mill further extended, a!s the wster^f A))^ 
..nock here is equal to several such establishments. But while ma^ 
ny people would hail such increase .of trade afs beneficial to the 
country, and consequent increase in tji^ marrafacturingpopulatiotit 
there are others, (who seem well justified from experience,) thift 
would deprecate them, as being vastly more prejudicial to th* go* 
tieral interest, from the vice and bad dispositions they engend^ 
in the minds of the operatives, than all the Wealth and seetnibj^ 
prosperity that would arise from them, could counter balance. 

Friendly Societies. — There are several in the town^ and 
.which give liberally to the sick and indigent members connected 
with them, and all. are supposed to be in a prosperous statf^ 




thotighj «i th*y havfe tootbeen of Vwy Idng standing, it mdy hap- 
pen, that the annii^ (!isbursemeiits have not ^et teaohed their 

Savings Bajj^.— ^^is was attempted some years ago to he 
established — ^butat that time, the spirit of Reform^ or somespe* 
clous thiqg under that name, pr&vailed ag^Eiinst it, under the pre- 
text, that-«i€h an institution could be of advantage to the heri« 
tors only-— ^8 these, it was asserted, were bound to support the 
poor. So loh^ as the labouring part of the ^ community allow 
; such a notion to possess thetr minds, as it annihilates indastty, 
they will remain poor, even to the end of time. 

There is a Justice of Peace Court held regularly once a month 
here. There is no other Magistracy, and no Police. 

There is a weekly market on Thursdays, but is not well at* 
tended, as the country people preffet iTteir weekly market, to be 
on the Fridays at Kilmarnock. But the town^ is nevertbel^sts 
well supplied with Butchers' meat and other provisions, in vari- 
ous shops, that are daily kept ^pen for the purpose. There are 
also some ^stated fairs. 

There- is a dttffy Coach, passes through it frotti Kilmarttocfc to 
Paisley, t6 the great accoiiimoddtion of this patrt bf^the country. 
There is a Post twice-a*day» botb to dnd fronn Kilmarkiock. But 
there is no Bank noc bank-^agent established in Stewarton ; the 
more surprising, ^that there was once one that did a deal of busi^ 
ness here for 3 ye^rs together from the year 17193 — transacting 
to the extent of ^30,000 each year. Their agent, John Black- 
woodf. though placed in the hunble -station of bell-^noaii of the 
-parish^, was of a charac^r ^o well established for accuracy ai^^ 
integrity^ that no security was required iofbimt — -and on this o^ 
casion he fully supported the reputation he had j)re\rieusly JKf 
quired. In this town are the f^lawiag tradesmen, &c. 


Weavers, ^ , '!275 1 Masons, 

^onnet^m^ers^ 1(X)1 Groce 


uUfmr' 31 \ l^lesberjs^ ^^^^ 


^6 J Bakers^ 






vifrifftitqf IBM m Ovi .xsyiors^ w ^i .^ArtfiiAygj ^^ ^ 

Shoemakers^.,....^ 49 Smiths, 14 j Inn-keepers,-«.«^l 

In the Law department 10. — Medical 3. 

Note. — Apprentices are inelvided : women and girls not in* 
duded among the Bonnet-makers^ but boys are* 

POpUlatiOm~Irt the town, .•...1800 

In the country parts,. 1600 

Total, 3400 

Schools.— Besides the parish school, taught by Mr. Duncan ' 

Macfarlane, there are six more. The number of scholars in all 

is about 400, - 

' Poor. — There are about 30 on the- permanent roll, who get, 

weekly, each from Is. to 3s. j besides these, there are 7 or 8 who 

get occasional assistance, some less and some more, as they may 

require. Altogether there is about ^140 yearly, distributed to 

the poor. 

^inl0tetlfl{?~since the Revolution. 


Alexander ForbeSj.;..rf....*».May 9. 1693....^... 

Robert Paisley, 1711. 

Montgomery...... ►September 9. 1713..*.Sept 27. 175T. 

Thomas Maxwell, September 28. 1758... Mar. 13. 1796^ 

J ^ , VMay 13. .1793. assist 7 

James Douglas^..... | -^^^ successor. { 

!Di|Btjet0nttt]e(*— -Antiburghers. Their ^leeting-house was e& 
rected in 1776, and holds commodiously 600: The congregation 
nmounts at present to about 200 examinable persons. Theit 
present minister is the Rev. James Methven, who was admitted 
on the 5th July 1803, from Balfmula in Fife, where he had offi- 
dated 6 years before. There are about 110 other dissenters of 
different classes, in the town — but are included in those parishes 
where their respective places of worship are situated. 

(Sjattatetf anD Mmllitg. 

This parish is possessed by upwards of 70 land proprietors, 
liaviDg nearly 8000 acres of arable land among thgrn; besides the 

^STEWJiiToy,] OF Cunnini^dme. svi 

many smSfl possessions or feus in the town of Stewaiton^ 

MouNTGREENAK.-— This is the most westerly estate in the pa^ 
rish. The larger part of it, together with the manor<^pIace> is in 
the parish of Kilwinning. [See p. 822.] There is still more thati 
400 acres 6f it in this parish, much of it good land, and some of 

; it unreclaimed moss. ^ 

AucHiNHARviE — is Situated next eastward from the preceding. 
It belongs to different proprietors. The old castle, now ruipous^. 
16 all of it that still remains te^^the family 6f Cunninghame, its 
ancient possessors ; [see p. 172.] .The soiMn general is goodi 
but there is still a part-of ifmoss. 

Crevoch ancient barmy is situated betwixt the lands last 

^ mentioned and the water of Glazert It is now possessed by 8 
different proprietors. The principal part, now called Eenno?:! 
belongs to Col. M^ Alester, in right of his Lady, heiress of th9 
late William Somenrille, Esq. There is. a modern mansion on 
this, on the banks of the Glazert, and a considerable exteot of 

. woodland. ..The whole extent of Crevoch is iJd>out 1000 aeres, of 

; which more than a tenth part may be stated moss. 

BoKSBAW, or BoLiKSHAw~-i6 situated on the east side of thf 
Glazert It belonged before the-year 1470, and fi>r a consideiia^ 
ble time after, to a branch i6f the Kilmarnock family. In 1599^ 
Barbara Lawson was retoured to these lands, as heir to her i^ei^ 
John Lawson, stSled Carbonum Ma§^dri Jacobi quinti MegU. In 
about a century afterwards, it became the property of a bfBfH^ 
of the Dundonald family. The old mansion is in utter niios. lit 
•eems probable that this property once comprehended tb^ laAdp 
adjacent of Sandielands and ftmkend, and the High and. i^ 
Laigh Chapeltons. The whole of these, with Bonshaw prpp^, 

j^extehds to upwards of 400 acres of remarkable good land# 

Lainshaw. — Thir fine property extends from those lasjb inen- 
tioned, eastward to Stewarton, part a£ which town is hwH upon 
it. In 1450 this estate, as well as that of Bobertont Macbetibibtll^ 



and others in the neighbourhood, was granted in a Charter b}% 
James IL to Sir Alexander Home,.fatherof the first Lord Home, 
whose eldest son Thomas, b^rliis second Lady, was stiled Thooias* 
of Lainshaw, and had possession, accordibgly^ of these lands.* 
How long they continued iathis family does not appear; — per-* 
haps they might be lost by forfeiture soon after the. battle o£ 
Floiidoun in 151 3,. when the Homes fell into <iisgrace. It is so 
far certain that, soon after this period, Lainshaw belonged to 


Hugh the first Earl of Eglinton, who gave it to his second son^ 
Sir Niel Montgomery., whose descendants retained it down almost 
to the present times. . 

^ontgomer^ of Hatnjeijbato. 

L Sir Niel Montgomery, second son of Hugh first Earl of 
Eglinton, by Lady Helen Campbell, daughter of Colin first Earl 
of Argyle, married first JVIargaret Mure, only daughter and heir^ 
ess of Quintin Mure of Skeldon, by whom he got that estate also^ 
By this Lady he had two sons : L John the eldest, who died 
without issue ; 2^> NieU of whom afterwarda. 2dly, He married 
Margaret Boyd, only daughter of Robert tliirdLoi^d Boyd^ a mar-^ 
riage which seems to have bre^ an^Iunnatur^l animosity betwixt 
the two families, which arose to such a height, as to be the caus« 
of his death, for he was killed in the town of Icvine by the sama 
Lord Boyd, and Mowat of Busbie and other% wivhich occasioned 
afterwards much bloodshed in- Cunningbamev This was in 154Tt 
when Sir Niel was far advanced in years. ^ . This feud was after«^ 
Wards composed through the mediation of the Ear7s of Eglin<r 
ton, Cassilis, Argyle, and other mutual friends. . . Sir Niel ha^ 
also three daughters :. 1. Christian, Lady Luss ; 2. Elisabeth^ 
married to Hume of Fast Castle; 3. Helen, married to Maxwell 
of Newark. . ^ . 

U. Niel Montgomery of Lainshaw, Esq. his second *son, 
succeeded him. ' He married Jean; only daughter of John fourth 
andlaat Lord Lyle,'{by Grizel> daughter of David Beaton of 

smEWARTON.] OF Cunnfngfjamc, ai» 

^Creicby) and whose only sorii James, Master of Ljle, died un- 
married about the year T556 : on which the estate of LyljB came 
hy a special deed of entail to the above Niel Montgomery, in 
right of his Lady, the Hon. Jean Lyle, and who in consequence 
quartered the Arras of Lyle with his ^owb. He was succeeded 
by his son, 

in. Sib Niei; Montgomery of Lainshaw, who by a contract 
dated in 1599, resigned all claim to the estate of Duchal (or of 
Lyle) and othersrfor a certain sum of money paid him by Wm« 
Porterfield of th^ Ukj according to a Decrete Arbitral pronoun- 
ced by John -Blair of that Ilk, William Mure of Rowallan, and 
Alexander Fleming of Barrochan; but he still assumed the Arms 
of Lyle, as heir of line to that noble family. ^ He^ married Elisa^ 
beth, daughter of Cunningham of Aiket,* by whom be had three 
SODS : L\Nid ;.2. John; 3. William, of whom descended the 
Montgomeries of Bridgend ; and two daughters, the eldest mar^ 
xied to Graham of Grugar; the other to Johnston of Wamphray^ 
He was succeeded by his eldest son, 

ly, Niel Montgomery of Lainshaw, who married Marion, 
daughter of Sir William Mure of Rowallan, by whom he had a 
son, Niel, who seems to have predeceased him,, as he was sue* 
ceeded hy the son of hia brother John, 

V. David Montgomery of Lainshaw, by Jean, daughter of 
Captain Daniel For^e^ter of the House of Garden. He married 
Marion, daughter of James Dunlop of that Ilk, by whom he had 
tt ppn, James; and a daughter, Jean^ married to the Kev. Mr« 
^ing^Parson of Donnachadee* He appears in the commission 
^ f upply for. Ayrsliire ip 166L He was afterwards concerned - 
ixi. the; insurrection in-l 679, along with many other respectable 
j^Qtlemen in. Cunninghanie«t For this he was forfeited by James 
JH, in 1685, and his whole property declared by a general act of 
attainder,. to be vested in the crown. By a similar authority, hia - 
jr\g^ts and his lands, were restored to him in 1690. He died be^. 
ibre 1696; as in that year we find his son^ 




VL James Montgomery of Lainshaw, as a Commisciiaiier ia 
the act of Supply. About the same time he was made Clerk of 
Justiciary for life. He assumed the title of Lyle^ arid bore it till 
his death as representative of that noble family. He married 
Barbarm daughter of John Kenpedy of Craig, or of Barclanachan 
in Carricky (by a daughter of Hunterston,) and had issue a soti» 
.who succeeded him after 1716; when Crawfurd wrote his Histo- 
ry» from whence the preceding account is chiefly taken. Thia 

son. was 

Vn. 'David Moni^gomert of Lainshaw. He married — 
Boswell, daughter of the late Lord Auchinleck, by whom he had 
a son James, and three daughters : 1. Elisabeth, married to Cap- 
tain Alexander Montgomery Cunningham of Kirkton4iolme» 
and had issue ; 2. Margaret, married to James Boswell, late of 
Auchinleck, aqd had issue; 3. Mary, married to ■ Campbell 
of Tree9*Bank,.^nd had issue, lie was aiicceeded by his son, 

Vni. James Montgomery of Lainshaw, who married JeaD^ 
^daughter of Sir John Maxwell of Nether Pollock, but dying with- 
out issue, the family is now representftd, by Sir James Mentgo- 
mery Cunninghams, Bavt^t Corse^ill, ^en of Elisabeth the eld- 
est sister, (See CorsehilKin the next article.) 

This estate vWas afterwards sold to f^v", > Cunninghame cf 
Bridgehouse, merchant in.GlasgpWywhase son, William Cun- 
ninghame, Esq. is now proprietor,'4ind ako of the lands of Mao- 
beth-hill, of Kirkwood and of Blodc^^&c in the neighbourhood.; 
extending in all to more than 2500 acres, of which about 2400 ia 
among the most productive land in the parish* The ancient 
house of Lainshaw, near to Stewarton, is the manpr-place. Itia 
formed of two old sqjaare towers, with a more modem building 
interposed between them and connecting them together ; con*- 
atituting a mansion of great siz^, and«not incommodious consli* 
\ dering the discordant stiles of the different fabrics of which it is 
composed. There is a considerable extent of old timiber gnm^ 
jng around this aacient habitatioii« 

0TEWARTON.} of Cttllttillgltttl Hi 

^MKRixXt-^mmcidiateljr to the east and northward of Stew* 
arton^ is situattki the ancient and extentsiiye Baron j of Corsehiil^ 
of which' Sir James Montgomery Gunninghatne, Bart is propria 
tor of part, and supmor of the whole. This baronj comprehended 
the several farms known by t^e names of CoRSEitilx» Meikle and 
little CoasEmix ; Nether RoasaTLAKO, KirkfOsd^ CuLtiswa^ 
Meikle arid Little ; and^ one time Haieshaws^ Blacjclaw^i 
CoBSEHouss* and several smaller possessibns, were included in it» 
The farm of Girsehill pn^per, on'whii^ stands a venendble fragi^ 
ment of the old Castle of Cotsehill, is all of this ancient baronyt 
4>f which the family nowiiolds the Dominium utile. 

Cunnlngllame Of €iftfitt^iiU 

William fourth Earl of Glenc^im, and sixteenth generation 
of the family from their first settlement in Scotland dbout the 
year lllO^diedin 1^7) and by his second Ladyy Margaret 
Cam|diidl, daughter »ad heiress of John Campb^ of West Lou- 
doiin« had issue five aons and one daughter* The eldest son^ 
Alexandar^ succeeded him as Earl of Glencairn ; the second soOp 
Andrew, was Ancestor of this &t&ily ; the third son, Hugb^ was 
Micestor of the Cnnningbatnes ef Cailung; tbe fiwrth sout Ror 
bertt was ancestor of the CuonhighAines of MOunlgfeenaD » the 
"fifth son, William, was Bishop of Argyle, and ancestor of the 
Marquis of Conyn j^uone in Ireland ^ and the daughter, Elisabeth, 
was married to Sir John dmniughaaae -oTCapringkon, but died 
rwitfaoiit issue. 

L AvnsEW -CvKHlNGlLMiB, tlto sei^diid son, get three Ou»> 
ters dated in succession, 1537, 1538, and 154;!,* in which be is 
de«ga»ted son of Sur WiUiain CunninghamefKni^btiof Kihnaurs, 
(afterwarda Earl <^ Glencairn,) in which the two CocsebiUs m^ 
particularly specified. He was succeeded by his son> 

IL CuTHBEaT CuNMiKQBAHE of Corsehill, who died betwixt 

* Sk Rcpster of Retowf, Xjb. sxvL p. 129.>-XS>. xsrii lS<«»Ur, atnS; 94* 


322 nUTieutAft DESCRIPTlOy [Vari^qf 

the 16th of May and 21st Dec. 1616, as appears from the tenor 
of two public records of these dates.^ He was succeeded by hit 

SOD 9 

III. Sir Alexa vdek CaNKiNGHAME of 'Corsehiir. That he 
was grandson of Andrew the first of the family, and son and heir 
maie of Cuthbert as above, appears from a Charter of confirma^ 
tion dated 11th Dete. 1622.f He died in the month of May 
1646. He married<Anne, daughter of John Crawfurd of Kilbiri- 
Die, by Lady Mary Cunninghame, daughter of 'the Earl of Glen* 
cairn, by whom he had a son, 

IV. Alexa DEB Cunninghame of Corsehill, who married 
Mary, ,daughter of Sir Patrick Houstoun^of that Ilk,:}: and had 
issue a son j 

V. Alexander Cunninghams, who died before him, leaving; 

a son, 

VI. Alexander Cunninghame of CorsehllL All this is in^ 

6tructed by a Charter dated 13th April 1663, andaconfirmatioa 
dated 26th Jan. 1672,|| On the 22d February 1672^ he was by 
Charles 11. created a Baronet of Nova Scotia. He married -Mary^ 
slaughter of John Stewart, Master of Blackball, by Mary, his Lady^ 
daughter of Sir James Sti^rling pf KeiF',§ by whom he bad his sua^ 

VII. Sir Alexawder Cunninghame of Corsehil?, the ^second 
l^ronet He was retoured heir to his father in May 1685,** and '^ 
took Charters to the lands, of date 26th Feb. 1686. ft He man- 
Tied Dame Ma;rgaret Boyle, sister to the Earl of Glasgow^^:): by 
whom he had issue, fai» successor, 

VIII. Sir David Cunninghame: of Corsehill, the third Bart. 
Hie married Penelope, daughter of George Montgomery of Kirloi- 

• See Retours, Lib. vii. fol. 154. f See Privy Seal Records, Lib. I. No. 77. 
X See Crawfurd's Hist, of Renf. p. 72. ij See Great Seal Records, Lib. 64. No. 25*. 
§ See Crawfurd's Hist, of Renf. p. 89. ** Retours, No. S8. fol. 24 et S0# 
tt Recorded at Ayr^ 24th Sept. 1686% U Douglsis's Peerage, p. 288. 

STBWARTON.] dp Cunningfjamt s^ 

tonhqlme, by Easter Kilbride in the Shire of Lanark, descended 
of the Montgomeries of Skelmorley, by whom he had a son, 

IX. Captain Alexander Montgomery Cunninghame. The 
first surname he took in consequence of inheriting the lands of 
'Hrirktonholme, in righft of his mother, ther heiress of that estate. 
He married EKsabeth, the eldest daughter of Ddvid Montgomery 
of Lainshaw, by whom he had fire sons ; 1. Walter of whom 
afterwards; 2. David, of whom afterwards ; 3. Alexander, bred 
to the Army, and served* as an officer in the Duke of Hamilton's 
•Regiment, during the Ahierican war ; and died unmarried ih 

1782 ; 4. James, of whom afterwards ; S. Henry, bred to the 
Navy ; was a Lieut, on board the Alfred, in Rodney^s great en- 
gagement, 12th A|>ril 17'^2. Dfed unmarried in 1785. — There 
i^as also a son who died in infancy, and two daughters who died 
unmarried* — ^Ile died in January 1770, before* his father, SirDs^ 
Ttd, who survived him only a few months^ dying at Corsehill in 
the same year ; when he was succeeded by his^ grandson, 

X. Sir Walter Montgomery Cunninghame of CorsehiH, . 
son- of Capt. Alexander, as above, who died unmarried *in: March 
1814, and was succeeded by his brother, 

X. Sir David Montgomery Cunninghame of Corsehill, who 
difed in November the same year, also unmarried^ when he was 
'succeeded by his only remaining brother, now 

X. Sir Jam£9^ Montgomery Cunninghame, the sixth Baronet 
of Corsehill, and who combines in his' person the honours, also, 
of the family of Glencairn, being.the first heir mate in successions 
MS likewise thoFe of Lyie Lord Lyle, so far as transmissable by 
a female, in direct lineal descent; In 1802, he married Jessie, 
^daughter of ^ the * late Thomas Cumming,' Banker in EdinburgHj 
representative of the family of Gumming of Eamside in the shire 
«f Nairn, by whom he has five sons: 1. Alexander ; 2. Thomas'; . 
3. James; 4. George j 5, Henry j and two daughters : L Jessi^^ 
S, Gpace Matilda^- 

32^ PAftTICULAl fiMCBimeM ,lP0ri$hif 

Abhs.— -The Armorial Bearings of the fiuniliea of CorMhiH^ 
Kirktonholm, Montgomery of Lainshaw andLylei emhlasoQed ia 
due order^ in their respective quarters : Supporters twcLeopards : 
Crestf an Unicorn's Head erased. — MottO) Over Fork Ovei. 

Gallobebries. — ^These lands ase situated . northwards frooi 
those of Corsehill, though not quite .a4iacent About 4<^5thg of 
them belong to Gen. Bunlop, and one-fifth to Mr. Wyllie. AA* 
jacent to tbeoif on the . ea^t, is MERRTHiiXt part of the ancieat 
estate of Robertland. Eastwards from, the last mentionedf axe 
the lands of AucmNxYBEBSi possessed by five different proprietors ; 
--rnorth. of these are the Full woods, belonging to three proprie* 
tors; and^still more northerly, the Gabrach Hills* belonging to 
three different heritors also. On each of. these last three men-* 
tionedt the houses of the .proprietors are congr^ated into town* 
ships <x>gether« ^The whole extend to about 9^0 acres^ incum- 
bent nearly alU (m,whiiistone9.andcontainii^ A^reat proportioa 
of good landt but having also Mome moorish ^oit-^more espe* 
ciaUjr in the last mentioned. In 1452 all these three arecontained 
in a Charter to Gilbert the firs^ Lord^£^nedy, ancestor of 4i9 
'Cassillis family* 

Eastward £rom themjdl* are the'lands of WnrrELAW and of 
Blacklaw^ extending to more than 700 acres, and in each the 
^proprietors live also^ogether in townships. Beyond them stiUt to 
,the boundary of the parish ,with the county .of .Renfrew^ are the 
lands of Corsehoua^ aU of a similar nature, good Moi}^ incunk 
bent on hard rock^ and with a moss land. The whole 
are situated on the north side :Of the •water of Annockf whidi 
runs here in a deep valley. The Hairsbaw is situated opposite 
ibese, on the south side of that water-^extend^ to abcwt 250 
Acres of de^ arable Iand> not unfertile, and jsbout 600 uaft9 of 
moss land : Is divided among ,6 proprietors,.of whom 3 ase non^ 
resident and 3 reside on their respective poriions separately* 

^oBRRTLANDt—- This great Barony is situated lowfir down Hum 


«p €mnin^tmt. 


die last, and extends to both sides of the Annock. It compre* 

« _ 

bends about 1000 acres, nearly all arable, of different quali- 
fies, as niight'be expected, in such an extent, but is generally 
deep and fertile. It belonged for ages to a great branch of the 
family of Cunninghame, of no little renown in its time. It was 
in — - alienated from this family to sundry purchasers, among 
tinhorn the principal was the Iate*Sir James Hunter Blair, Baronet 
of Dunskey, who acquired the manor-place and nearly the half 
-^of the whole estate. This has since been acquired by Alexander 
Kerr, Esq. a native of Stewarton, who has recently erected on it 
an elegailt mansion in a commanding situation on ia high point 
#f land betwixt -the Annock and the Swinsey waters, in the vici«- 
nity pf the very high old ruinous castle, which is about to be Te« 
moved ifltogethen The rest of this ancient estate has been par- 
celled out into five other possessions, [see Table of Valued Rent,] 
of which Williamshaw is the most extensive, and on which a 
ahewy house is erected. 

Nether Bobsetlakd, nearer to Stewarton, extends to about 
ISO acres, and is parcelled out among sundry occupants. 

CuLTiswRAT, (or, as now ciilled, Cut-straw,) is situated also 
ki the vicinity of Stewarton ^ extends to nearly 180 acres of good 
land, bdonging^o 7 or 8 difierent proprietors. 

LocHRio and .HoRSEMUiR*--are situated on the boundary of 
the parish, south from the vilUge, and extend to about 300 acnes 
of valuable land, en which there is an old mansion of suitable di^ 
mension, well sheltered amid its old woods. Lochrig belong- 
ied long to a family of the name of Arnot, of whom the present 
proprietor is the representative, as his grandfather, son of Major 
Mathew Stewart of Stewarthall, acquired it by marriage of the 
heiress of the Arnot family. 

Ov£R-JLocHRiG— is Situated eastward from the preceding^ 
on the boundary with the parish of Fenwiek. It belongs to Cok 
Baras, who has part of A^ichinharvie and th« lands of Kiikland 



TAfmcvLun nescMPTimf 

[PariOi hf 

ip this parish, as also some lands near the town of Fenwidk | all 
valuable property. 

Peacock-bank— is situated in the vicinity ofboth the Loch«^ 

rigs, but nearer than any of them^ to the town. It is of consider^ 

able extent, and is remarkably well cultivated; There are seve« 

ral other small but valuable properties situated chiefly in the yw 

einity of the town ; only Gallowatford is situated on the lefh 

bank of the Glazert, opposite to the lands of Kennox» 


Properties, Proprietors. 

Auchinhanrie, - • 

Ditto, pvtof 

CreTOch^DowKeonozi * 
BananiUy , • 
Scrogie Mill,' • 
Hays^uir» • • 

Water Meetings^ 
SukeleyhiU^ - 

Total of the ancient Barony 

Bonshav, • • . 

Ctnipelton, High - • 

Chapelton, Low 

Lainshaw, including Macbeth^IuU, 
Kirkwood, 8an£elands, Baiik- 
cad Src« . • « 

Gallowayfordj . • • 

DittOi pait of - • 

Do. Do. - • • 

Do. Do. - 

Do. Do^ - 

Do. Do. «^ « • 

Do. MiU, . 

Tot?l of the Corsehilii^ 

« Robert Ghsgowy Esf • 

- Colonel Bamsy £%0 

>• Bums*S heirs, • 65 10 

« Colonel M^Alester, 

- Gabriel Langnrnir, 

* R-Montgomery^ * 
-^ Ead o£ Glasgow, < 

• Andrew Gemmil, ^ 

* James Dunlop, 

• Thomas Dunlop, 

- Thomas Reidy 
ofCrerochy - • • 














S s. i. 

i7S <l » 

»S 1» » 


Alexander Reid» 
lames Wilton, 
John Millar, . 

1099 7 % 

90 a 

1S7 O * 

William Cunftmgliame^ Esq.* * 8d99 19 8 

James Villar, • 

1^ J.M.CufiningliMiie S99 

WUliam Mackie, . S4 


John Aleiander, 
JoKnCatkie, « 
Robert Wyllie^ 
John WyDie, 
JaiKes LojgaBf • 

. 71 

• ?0 

- S5 

- SO 

- 4 







Dr. port of 


Do. part of 

General Danldp^ • • «. 

James WylKe^ • • • 

Alexander Fergttsioiv 50 a a 

James Fergunon, - 50 

WOKm BiiAovr, - 4« 18 4 

584 18 8 

871 8 8 
50 4> 




i^uchintyber, part Of 
Do. Do. 
Total of Auchin^Jker, . - « 
Do. p^urt of • 

Galirach hillil, -^ 
Whitelawy part oT 

Do*- Do. 

Bo. Do. 

SacUaw, part of 
Do. Do. 
Do. Do. 

Hairshiir, part of 
Do. Do« 
Do, Do. 

Do. Do. -» ^ 

Do. Do. 

Roberttend^ proper * 
^illiamshaw» part of 
MerryhiUy ditto 
ThomhiU, ditto « 
Lintbrae «uid Ovethill> ditto^ 

ftobertland* NetKer 
Do. port of ^ ^ 

Cttltiswfay or Cut-straWf 
JDc«'paxtof * ^ 


Do, • • 

Lochrig and Hofseitrtfir^ 
Lochng. Over and KilkUl)» 
Claikthifl, tu. 

Clarlulandsy * 

Spot^ • 


Bogside^ * • 

T«mplehoa$e> • 

ItfOCikmillj • i* 

^own'f feaerf^ - ^ 

fc' Robt. Duncaii'i hairsi i62C IS t 
- James Muir; • * £3 6 8 

Sir J. M, Cuniilnghartie 3 1 10 
John Fe«gu690ii| « 31 10 
j4Uiie§ Mackie^ « f 1 10 O 

S Koprietors of Ae name of Stewart 
John Barbour, - - 58 lo 0> 
Thomas Steveosoo^ 38 
John Dickie, » 19 10 

- Willimnr Crajt -' - 62 
«- John Brown, « « 62 

- Thomaa WaUacc, • 6^ d 

CtmHifKhame of L.8liaw 31 H 10 
John Stevenson » • 39 10 
William Stevenson^ 36 O 
Ge^ge Knox> - • 35 10 d 
BaiUie Stewart^rvtae^ IB' 0^ O 

^' Alex. Cenr, Es^. - %m 

• Jamea^Donaldsoiv* 226 

* l)ayid Dalziel, - - 10^ 

Jameft Ainiom 

J. Stevenson's heirv 

Thomas Walker» - 





II Miii 





David Wyllie, - • 102 IS 4 
Sundries, • » * 28 O 6 

Mathew WylHe» 
Thomas Deansi 
John King, • • • 
♦ Several proprietors. 

46* 13 4 

46 ]# 


55 13 4 


Jo'm DeanSi 
Mathew Stewartj Esq. 
Colonel BarnSf m- ^ 

Heirs of John Gavin^ • 

A .I't.^w Brown, Esq. 
J. Gilmore & A. Fowl^.heirs^ 
John and James Wilson, • 
Mrs. Bracket, • * .. 
Robert Stevenson, • * 
William Deans, Esq. .. 

Lady Montgomery Burgess, 
Maoy^ . . • • 

S u i. 

196 13 \ 

M 10 8 

119 O 


176 • 

160 14 JO 

iB8 #'« 

ISO 18 ^ 














16 « 












Total ia the parish^ « 468114 IS 10 



James Hunter Blair of Dunskey and RobertlancL 

CoL J. S. Barns of KirkhilL 

Col. S. M^Alester of Eennox. 

W. CuNNiNGHAME of Laioshaw. 

Sir J. Montgomery Cunninohame of GorsehHl & Eirktonholme. 

M. Stjswart of Loehridge. 

0ntiQUiti0jer«-— ^Od an eminence known by the name of Carn« 
PUFF, 9ituated in the property of Mr. John Dean of Peacock* 
bank near Stewarton. there is a. large collection of stones which 
has always been looked upon as a sepulchral monument The 
proprietor having some time ago caused a part of this cairn to 
be opened up, three urns containing bones and ashes were found 
deposited in small cells near the original surface of the ground. 
One of the urns, which was unfortunately broken before it was 
taken up, appears to have beea .about a foot in diameter ; the 
other two measure about 5J- inches in diameter and nearly 6 in* 
ches in height They appear to have been formed of very coarse , 
day, but some taste has .been ^xercised in their formation, .and 
sigaag lines have been drawn or cut all round the edge or rim 
of the vessel. One of the small urns was found lying on its side 
in a cell about 30 inches square, formed with coarse flags. It 
was filled with loose earth mixed with burnt bones and ashes* 
The two other urns werp inverted. The itms, as well as other 
small cells in the clay, containing burnt bones and ashes, appear 
to be placed in a circle» about eight yards from the centre of the 
heap and near its extremity. On or near this circle there are a 
number of small coarse flag-stones placed on jthe original surface 
of the ground ; and the «aith at the bottom of the caira near 
the centre, appe^ars to have been very much .burnt, even to the 
depth of some inches, and is mixed with ashes and small irag« 
xnents of bones. The height of the cairn wil] not in the middles 
exceed 5 or 6 feet ; but it is probable that many of the stones 
have been carried off in former times for piaking roads^ or other 

STBWARTON,] op Cunntngtamc. 3^ 

■purposes. It is chiefly composed of what are called whin-stones, 
and they are mostly of a large size. 

No stones bearing the mark of a hammer or chisel haTe been 
'discovered. The whole heap is grown OTcr with tur^ and has 
been planted with trees thirty or forty years ago. There is every 
reason to think that it contains a great many more urns, as not 
more than a fourth part of it has yet been examined. 

MuKDEBOF Hugh, FOURTH Eabl OP Eghnton ; [seep. 211.] 
This young Nobleman was murdered on his way homewards, 
returning from Robertland, by Cunningham of Aiket, on the I2tH 
April 1589, near to the village of Stewarton ; the Laird of Ro- 
b^rtland, and others of the Cunninghames, being accompNcea. 
The traditionary account of it here, is, that his Lordship being 
on a visit to the Laird of Robenland, called, on his way irom 
Eglinton Castle, on his near relative, "Sir Niel Montgomery of 
Lainshaw, who endeavoured to dissuade him from going to Ro- 
bertland, but could not prevail. After he had left Robertland, ' 
be was waylaid on his return hotnewarda, and shot at a place near 
to Stewarton, then called the Windy-path, but, since tliat time. 
has been called the Mourning-path. — That he sat for some time 
in the saddle after he received the shot, biit galloping as fast as 
he could — till he came to the Annock, when he fell from bis horse 
.into the water, close to the village, and died immediately. 



I CK parish was originally included In that of 

arnock. It was separated from it in 1 643, and 

then called New Kihnarnock, but soon after-. 

5 acquired the name of Fenwick, from the name 

„. ^..e principal village, near to which the church' 

was set down. This is called Fenwick-town ; another village that 

has arisen still nearer to the church, is called the Kirk-town of 

Fenwick : both, together, contain about 300 inhabitants, and are 

situated from 4 mites to 4^Jiiiles from Kilmarnock on the road 

to Glasgow. 

The parish is situated s.e. from that of Stewarton ; n. from 
that of Kilmarnock ; n. w. from that of Loudoun ; and on the n.e. 
is bounded by the Shire of Renfrew: In length from s.w. toN.E- 
it is about 7 miles, and from n. w. to s. e. about 5. TJie extent 
altogether is about 27 square miles; the number of acres being, 

(Eencral 9ppeatance,^Though there is hardly any part of it 
that rises into hills, (unless those moderate heights near to Kings- 
wells may be so ca)led,)yet as the surface rises pretty sliarply, with 
one continued ascent from 8.w. to n.e. it becomes considerably 
high at last, and gives the whole an open exposure to the western 
winds. Neither is it under a general shelter from plantations; 
but it is still far from being unfavourable to the health of the 
people, or to the growth of the crop. 

^inecaliS. — There is not much appearance of Coal. — Lime- 
stone is plentiful and excellent; some of it is fuU of shells.-^ 

FEN WICK.^ OF- Cunningfeame; . ssi 

Freestone abounds too, in many places: but the greater part of 
the parish is incumbent on hard Whin-rocic. 

^CHL— The soil is in general deep and productive, but is 
somewhat backward in the spring-time, from humidity, and being 
more or less affected with moss. In mild seasons the crops how-* 
ever are generally abundant 

CropiBl^ 4DuUit)atetr» — Hardly any grain but OATS-^and a little 

Bear,-— Flax thrives, but the cultivation is limited to the home 

consumpt of the husbandmen.— Wood thrives greatly, though 

not much planted, as there are few resident heritors. — Meadows 

abound greatly, and very heavy crops of natural Hay are got from 

them, by the sides of- the various streamlets that subdivide the 

moorish uplands of the parish. — Potatoes are cultivated exten-* 

sively, and nowhere are better crops to be found* 

fin tillage, ISSSn 

Cultivated grass and meadows, 5983 1 Total* 

N^turalpasture, 2437 ^13,548 



Ipattel)* I Moss land, &c , 3692 

t Woods and gardens,.. .^^ 48^ 

Uttte ^tOCibv — Milch-Cows are still the prevailing stock, but 

with a considerable proportion of young cattle of the same breed 

for sale. In the upper part, of the parish, among the moorlands 

there are considerable flocks of black-faced sheep kept ; and in 

the lower part of the country, a few pet sheep are kept on every 

farm for family use. The number of Live Stock, in all^ appears. 

to be thus : — 

Horses of all description s,.^* 153^ 

Cattle ditto, 2020 

Sheep ditto, .....^ ^ 236a' 

Swine fed yearly, 336 

ISOdUsC* — Tlie great road from Kilmarnock to Glasgow, tra* 
verses the parish in its greatest length : one from Galston to- 
wards Kirigswells crosses part of it in another quarter, whilst dif- 
ferent parish-roads intersect it in various places: few parishes 
are better accommodated/ 



S32 PARTICULAR MSC»iWfroN [Parish of 

^nufactuteiet^^ Weaving of mudinst &is. for the GlMgow 
merchants, has been established to a considerable extent fa Fen-* 
iMick-town ;«-'^nd shoemaking in the Kirk-^town. The other crafts- 
men are merely such as are required in the parish itself. Thett 

are in all*^^ 

TV Cft V Cl 0,i«>1Wf<»Mi— p>— WWW WW— w ^v/ 

ShoemakerS) m.m,^^ 30 



JP0pU(att0t1. — In the two villages^... 300 

In the country parts^ ,^.. 1300 

Total in the parish, 1600 

Poor.— Only 8 on the permanent roll, and 4 at an average^ 
yearly, that get occasional xelie£ The whole get among them 
yearly £35. 

$CHO0Ls.*~There is the established school at the Eirk-town, 
taught by Mr. John Fairley ; and a private one at Fenwick, taught 
by Mr. McMillan. There are two lesser private schools in other 
parts of the parish; — among all these there .are 204 scholars*. 
(See Statistical Table.) There is a sewing-school in Fenwick* . 
town at which about 20 girls are taught- Th^re are aeveral 
Friendly Societies containing in all 210 members; There was a 
parish. Library instituted in 1808^ which contains upwarda of 200 

^ittttftetS^— since the Revolution* 


William Guthrie, November 7. 1644... j ^jerted ip 166^ «»d 

f died in 1665. 

•^ • 

Andrew Foulis, ', ■ ■ ■ 

William Simson,.....* — — — in 1718. 

John Chiesley^.. March 18. 1719. in 1740. . 

Times Halket,. April 15. 1741. April 16. 177^ 

>yimam Bo^^d^...,,,.., June 25, 178^ — - — 

tlPBNWiCK^ OP Citnningliftme. 989: 

DilV0eflt(Vif*~-A Burgher meeting-house w» erected here ia 
17879 calculated to hold 500 sitters ; the congregation amouiita 
to about (hat number, including oxatninable children. The 
Rev. James Dewar i; their minister, trho was settled «moog them 
in 1737. 

CjBttottiBt ann jramtUeis. 

This large parish is possessed by nearjy forty proprietors, of 
whom three have nine-tetiths of die whole. 

PoLK£i.LT.-~*This ancient \Barony is situated adjacent- to the 

parish of Stewarton, in- the higher part of the boundary. It es* 

tends to upwards of 2400 acres, of which nearly 1500 is fertile 

arable land. It belonged in a remote period to a fkmily of the 

name of More. ^ Gilchrist and Renaud More are mentioned m 

the Ragman Roll in 1292. ^^ These were,*' according to Nisbet, 

^< the Polkeily Mores, the stem of the Mores, and an andente^ 

family than Rowallan, and came to Sir Adam More of RowaUaUy 

^by marriage of an heiress, in the reign' of Robert L or David IL** 

lliis estate became again a distinct property,in a branch, proba^ 

' biy, of the same family. For in the reign of James liL the Lady 

Folkelly, widow of Hugh Muir of Polkeily, 'waa matlried to th^ 

-Laird of Craufurdland, as -will be seen in the history of that fi^ 

nily. In three different Hetours, tnttt 1621 et 1672, it appeatt 

among the difierent lansb belonging to the CuminghamheiUi ftk 

]nily» In 1689, Thomas Cochrane of Polkeily is ta die list of 

Commisttoners of Si^^y. It belongs now to the 'Earl of Glu^ 

:gow. The ancient manor«-place has long been ia ruins, and it 

now an unshapely hei^. [See the Map.] 

RowALLAX.^-^This much larger and still more Htaluable Bl^^ 
xony is situated on the west, and aouthward of the ipfeeediii^ 
iMMinding it, In all the extent of these 'two sidiBs. It extends td^ 
upwards of 4500 acres, of whidh more than 3,200 is arable^ weA 
among the best lantl in the parish. This includes about 50# 
aeres^ sitnated adjoining, in the parish of Kiinamock. 


S9^ PARTteinLAR DEflCRIFnOV [Phridk of 

" . ThiB great Burony belonged in the thirteenth centurj to a 
branch of the potent . family of Cumin^ see p. 103, where it \n 
called Rowgallan« Not long afterwards, it came to the Mures^^ 
by marriage with thq heiress of the Cumins. . The earliest Char- 
ter of that family, of which I have seen a copy, is in the reign o£ 
Robert IIL about the year 1 390, . being, one of confirmation of 
tbese lands to Sir Adam. Mote de Rowallan*. Ifr is to be regret-* 
ed, that no history of the Mures of Rowallan has yet been \xxx^ 
4eitaben« They however occur incidentally in the history of the 
QQuntry in every age : and^ by the marriage, of Elisabeth^ daugh-* 
^r of Sir Adam Mure of. Rowallan, with -Robert IL the family 
has been rendered singularly iUustriaus,« as frdm it, uot only the 
pfe$ent Royal Family of Britain i is maternally descended, but 
i;iearly the wholp Royal Families in-£uropa The lands still con-' 
tjioue in the possessipn of the family — the. present Most Noble 
FroprietriXf the Marchioness of Hastings (Countess of Loudoun^ 
jbr^ing.tha direct lineal descendant, and. representative of the 
Mures of Rowallatt. . 

y J The: mansion oi Rowallan is ^set down in the lower extremi*^ 
t^i'ofthe B«rony>iii a snug .warm situation, by the side of a small' 
^irgling brook, in « corneas of the' parish of Kilmamock* It \b 
^iiriiouiided with 9ome fine old >timber^ among whidi are man^ 
aanhee&.chesQUt-tree^ and « remarkably beautiful ash of great size*: 
ThelioYise itself is an old fabric of a singular structure, aod thoughr 
of iboderate' dimensiou, is apparently not incommodious. It ha» 
4pt:.beep inhabited for some time, and though still entire, is get- 
tingiqto decay ; whilst its old garden is iu a similw state of iie»« 
gleet. . There are different dates on the. houses some of them 200 
^nd; 300 years back, with various initialsiand the 3 mullets and it' 
Hfi^or'sheadj the arms. of the family. Old as it is, there remains 
/^jc^QQ^iderable fragment of a building close by it, greatly more- 
I9ljc|ent« . ' This is founded on a projecting rook« . Hence^ proba- 
bly, the origin of the name it bore, in 129^ . of iCraig of BowallaiKu 

. :*^CnAU»oiiEfLAKD.— This ancient Barbny,' formerly caHed Ar- 
daeh, is, situated soutfewards from tbe vllhi^es-^^ J^nwick,*but 
stretches more to the eastward, extending four miles^'ift' fen^h 
£K>m the lower end of the parish' upwap^^towirds^the-'mbors. 
[See the Map.] It comprehends upwar^i^-of IfOO acres, the great- 
er part valuable corn land ; whilst the^'emaifi^^r iis green pasture 
and woodlands, with a -part al^ of indsSi' TRie^ maridr-blabe, with 
about a fourth part of thfe- Barony/ is isititeted-fti the parish of 
Kilmarnock. Tlie following interes^g mfeikciir of this very an- 
cient branch of the Craufurds, one'^ t^e^itoalii stems oPfhat 
widely-spreading and genuine" Scetdk»K fatnifyj is thkeni&om its 
own title deeds and o4iier M8SI ^>i .iO'>i:>h oi . : . 

CtraaftttH Of Ctaufurliltttw; 

The ancient sui^n^ame- of Craofurd arose ft6m the Barony of 
Craufurd in Clydesdale, -being one of the largest in the kingdom 
while it was entire— SomW 3 :<tr 400^n<eirk' laAd,- possessed' from 
very ancient times 'by Batons^ of the «ame' riame-^from \vhonr, by 
znarriages it devdlved to the Douglasses,- tlie 'BitVcHiys, and''Eihd- 
says, betwixt the 'years 1100 and 13O0'.'^--PArt of thie Barony of 
Graufurd^John remained "tfifith the Earl»t>f:D6ugMstrll their foi^ 
feiture, being most part Jiviiled iimohgst "vassals'. The Barony of 
jCranfurd-Lindsay (a 1 00 rherk- land) 'was ^en in excambion by 
Alexander Earl of Craufurd in the reign of James II.' to Georgrf 
Eori of Angos^ and is now calkid (Drattfiyrd-DoUglas.— The lands 
<rfPriarmoore were- ^veti t6 this Abbey <^Ne!wbottle. 
; Before this time- suridry gentlemen,- younger "brethren of that 
boiise, hadj settled them«elveft by itiarriagA in competent estates, 
retaining : tbe an«i^ntN s»mainey of whonfi ' many ancient families 
are descended r namely, ' (beside^s the H6ui6'of Eoiidoun'in the 
Aounty of Ayr, Craufordistoim *et Clydesdale;- and Craufirrdstoun 
jn Carrtck, antfnthev bouses, «f oWl tfti'ned to other surnames,) 
these twelve aiiicieht femilib j-^CraUftlixlliind, Baidlandj Lifl? 
jMmVi^n^«»iiB«#niJ»;4lf^h^MelAdy€^ifi»fV)rand,-Hant^ I^erse, 


3S6 PARTioia>Ai^ vmctcotMH iPoritk of 

£ilbinue» AuchnjUiies» and , Baillie of Monklaod ; the'2ate«t of 

• • • ^ 

which is not much sbart ia antic^uity of the dajt of KiogBobert 
the Bruce. 

L John Craufveq^ ofte^ mentioned in theR^^tster of EcIm 
and LismahagOf h;»d n^uiy J^^ods ra Clydesdale. Clr. 1140L 

IL RossjiT X^BAUf u^ bis etcfpi lived ^jbout theyeftr\I180 or 
1200) meotianed oftefotiraes va th« $ame Begi«tera« 

IIL . Sfir :|l¥;9iNAX4) Ciuufukos his aon» sheriff of Ayr, some- 
time inter 1 200^94. ISSOy married Margaret de Loudoun, heirei^s 
of LoudouQi aif 4 )^^ l^y her- four sons; L Reginald ; % William.| 
^ John, of whom ^^x^9fA^ \ 4^nd, 4> . Adanj. Frc)m the second 
and fourtli sons are descei^ded mnoy iaikulies in the shires of 
Ayr, Renfrew, Laii|U']c Stirling aad Aberde^ ; also in the Ix>* 
thian3.-~^Sir Reginaljt his ddest son and 8iicce9»(^r, also sheriff 
pf Ayri whq, and.}us postosity oftbeaafnenamfe and title, enjoy^ 
ed the said lands' down to Shr JSlegiQidd CrauiU?dof Loudoun 
who was murdered l^ the iSBn^isb in the Barps of Ayr 1297.-^ 
This Sir^egini^deifl an. only son, R^io^d Cniufurd, who was 
also murdered , by Edward Loi^gshapks, King of England^ 1S06^ 
and an only daughtet* ;8|isanna Oaufurd, who manied Sir Do^ 
yenald .Campbell^ son. to the Li^ Lochow who was sister's so^ 
4o King Robert Bruce ; of whom are 4escei|ded^the present house 
.^fLoudouii* ^ 

IV. From John CRAUFysn the third.son, the house of C^^ 
furdland is desceqded. This John, by his iather*a donation# 
JumI many lands ygsk Clydesdale, and in .right of his wife, Aucia 
jpE Daixsallocq,. possessed, if iiot all, at le^t a good pai^ of that 
Barony, ^11 which, v(s9m^jme pofpessed by bis eldest son,) bj 
marriage of 1^,8 da^ighter^ came /to the CuifXKs, whp gave to bw 
second spn, dolled John Craufurd» the lact^ of Ardach or :Craurii 
furdland, in,contentatipn of his right to the wbple, as heir utalfi 
to John Craufiird, his father, or to his «lder hrothen 

V. JoHx Cbaufukd, first Lwid of dmnliKclUttdy seoond am 


fESWiCK,] OF cunnina!)ame< ssr 

.of the above John Craultird, and grandson of Sir Reginald Crati*- 
furd, sheriff of Ayr, lived in the dajrs of King Alexander, It 
jointer J 2 14 et 1249,) and was succeeded in the said lands hy hia 
eldest son, , . \ . . 

VL John Craufurd of Craufurdland, who lived in the days 
of Alexander IIL (inter 1249 et 1 285]^ dnd was succeeded by his 

eldest son, 

■ ' ' ' 

VIL James Craufurd, who was a follower of Sir Williaui 
Wallace, his cousin, and is one of those who are marked to have 
been present in 1297, at Wallace's . election to be Warden of 
Scotland, at the Forrest*kick in Selkirl^hir^. He was succeeded 
by bis eldest son, . ■ 

VUL . Craufurd oF CrauJfbrdlandf who diedaboa^ the 

^ear 1350, .and was succeeded by bis eldest 80d» 

IX. . John Craufurd of CraufiurcUand, who acquired a new 

confirmation of the lands of Ardoch, alias Craufurdlan'(|], from 

• * , _ • •- 

King Robert IIL which Charter. is ilated at Dundonald in, the 
jrear I891f in the 2d year of his reign, he having succeeded in 
anno 1390* Of this John Craufurd are descended the &niille8 
of Giffordland and Birkhead in the shire of Ayr. He was l^uo- 
ceeded by . ' ' !*' • T 

X. ■ ■ Craus* URB of Craufiirdland, his driest son, whft 

idied without issue, and was succeeded by his brother, 1 

X. Sir William Cravfurd of Craufurdland, son of the a*- 
bove John Craufurd, a man of great bravery and fortitude, who 
](iad the honour of Knighthood conferred upon him by King 
James L This Sir William was at the siege of Crevelt in 
France in Uie year 1423, where he was sorely wounded and ta* 
ken ^prisoner, and was one of the captives released with King 
J^mes L pf Scotland>4424. He was succeeded by his eldest son, 
XI* Rakkine Craufurd of Craufurdland, who married, about 

• • • 

the year 1430, . , by whom he had three sons i 

1, WiUian, his eldest^ soQ.aDd.suciPessQr; .2. Kobert, who wa^ 


$$9 pARTi^TTtAR n m yttfricw : t^^**^^ 

bred a clmrchii^n ; aad^3.. Andrew. . He vaa suopeede^ bv lait 

XIL WiLLTAM Crau^ubd of Craufi^dlaiidL ' He lived id thd 
dkys^of King Jiafnes IL and married Janet Hamiledntdaughi 

ter of the Laird of. Bardowie, by whom he had three sons.: 1# 

« • • • • * ..... / 

Archibald, his successor v % William, who married *— ^ — Nisb^t^ 
the heiress of Cultness and author of the Graufurds of Dean i Sw 
Thomas Craufurd of Amlaird. He was succeeded by his eldest 

XIIL Archibald: Craufurx> of Craufurdland. He lived la 
^hf reign of King Jfames^lII^ was twice married: fipst to Jeaik 
Kennedyi daughter of Gilbert Kennedy, second Liaira of' Bargehf 
D Yj by whom he had a.son> Rbbert^of wbom)aflerwards«^ /fite 
named^^}y» - ' ' ' ■ Boyd, widow of Hugh Muir of Pokelly^ 

•Idest daughter to Ardiiba^ld Boyd of Narston and Bdrishaw, by 
wnom heWd two sons and a daughter; 1. Thomas Craufurd, 
srom^ whom are descended the Craufurds orClassIochie and ^ow^ 
iirin Kinrbssrshire } 2. William Graufurd, Secretary 'to- the 
1 of Morton, who settled in.Tweedale, and oFwhonl tne Craii^ 
i^^fa tl»t country .re. descended.. His d««gW Jeip". w« 

married to Cathcart of Waterhead* 


. His iather-»in*Uw,. Archibald Boyd of Bonshaw, had' three 
daughters — The Lady Pokelly above-mentioned was the eldest;^ 
the second was Elisabeth, Lady Lochle^^en, orwhonot-the Earl of 
Morton is descended ; the third was Margaret Bbyd, wtlo in her 
y|oi]th was Mistress to King James IV. and bore to him Alexafi.d^ 
Stewart,' Archbishop of St. Andrews^ and Jeati, ^Gountess of 

Morton. She being a great favourite in the Gburt,^ and cousi^i- 

" • . ^^^ ^^ • ^^^ • _ J* 

to Dame Elisabeth Boyd daughter to Thomas Lord Boyd, And 
Countess of Angus, whose husband Archibald Earl of; Angus^ 

s % . It.. 

^en Ghamberlain,) had the greatest power in the state*-She; 
the s^d Margaret Boyd, by his means and her own, brought lier 
fiOiisuw the Boyds into the Factory of the Lordship of KiUmarf 

|r«ic^ th'^r ancient p»trtmonj:r—|i|tely fallea tqtl^tcBCtwn.^X 
|M;re4|U|^Qi ia the possossicin wf hereof 'tbejr ^oc^iiiued 11^1^4^ 
^y tbr £)arl Q^i^r^;ii3^ till 8»cb tilnead th^y yfjue re^toreid ag^^a 
bj the Duke of Hamiltoa^Governo^^ «tfter thfs baf^.cf the i(|eid 
«Ff Glasgow ifr*1545»'. She procif r^d to berself the ward of the 
l^^rd'of ltbwalla,a». John Mair» artd mariied him«~^She broogfat 
jE|bout the marriages of her other 3iatera to the Liaird« of Lpch^ 
]|eveQ and C^ftufiirdliUid. In consideration of nfhich last marri^ge^ 
siie> ddpator In presence of the said Archibald Earl 'of Aiigu^ 
Chamberlain^ ''Vapud Bog^I pvope Biggs^^ ^7^^ Dec^mbrif 
1^9^ f J ^^ponetU to Archibald (^mufiicd of ^raufur4)9p4\^^ 
kinsman (99 ah^^ eaUe hiai^y <th& ward ^tbe k^^l o^F (^fft^Oild^ 
land* The "i^vds are.^^ H9no^ili virp^ Arc^ibii^o C^f#|(i(l^ 
Crattfurdlendy consan^neo mq[> war^ua tfF^^^*^ ^ Ard«$ba;l9 
Qmninn) terrarumf infra domimiim d^X}rfMlfqrd|9^ 

t9tW qua^i tenendri^ per (^ojoiat^Qe^rJf. Cl., J^./I^^V'-rrSilli^ 
j^rpcured EUsab^b Miiir^ daughter; of ^r ai^ec ilwr;!^^ 
H^%f to be married to Rol^ert Craufuri^ joi^fTg I^^^d. <>f Q^bUt 
lurdlandp for wliidi causje she procured;^ ^l^ithf^^^ and 

^9k^<^f the b^ ^f W&Jstof^, frpiqi the 4^ EuiSk jtf 

Augi*?, a^nnp Ha4> T^hjcfh \VaIstc«i lamij^ ar;^ p^iof tba^toOB^ 
of Kilmjaruc^^ a^d th<^ belonged. tx>;^^^;i}MWi))iM»d^«^ 
War^^ poss^s^d ;b}r the saii^ BobenV^ll^cf^S)^ ; ^ - n ') 

^ -i Therevba^ also bp^n a long fb of Gmii^ 

fiirdliandt and. the Lai^ llowallap^.^beb aci|)«cl»r o£ tite Jaadt 
,l^C Ardoch^ duripg;w))ich ^le^ancirat evj^fn e£ jl^^tli theaeifaoiia^ 
M. were destroyeil ; and we fijtid annp,1472^or 1470 ffotUieilaat^ 
jfi^r^.ip objseurej^ iti a Justice' By re bpl^^n b^' Joha. Loiii Cdn^ 
Us|e. (^bi^f; ^F?^^jt^ 9^ ^l^^n^.' on the. ^$i|itK; side of Ihe; £k>ith) at 
^^^ ^HnS^i ^]^ A)^^? Robert M&ir of UpwAHaa. «qd; John J^uir his 
j^n* a^d dii^er^othqr^th^r a^qomplkesyttid^^^ breoking^li^^ 

liing's^peace Qgajq^t. Arphibald.Cxaufiurd.or Csaafiudia&d«-"'jEbi8- 
j^c^ by joug^s^qf t)ii» J)aniei Mvgtirelb Boyd^ was* at length; 


tinguislied; arid a n6w Charter upon Resignation granted Co th6 
Iiaird of Graufiiraiand of the lands of Ardoch, — at the first thf 
^hole holdittg i^ard,H--therea[fter5 a five merk land of the Mains^ 
holding Wattdh; the rest ward; 

XiV. Robert Craufurd the eldest son, in Craufiirdlandj 
during his father's life was stiled of Auchencairn in Nithsdale* 
He stood also infeft in the lands of Redhall in Annandale* hold- 
ing ward of tlie King. He married Elisabeth Muir, daughter to 
the 'Laird of PokeHy, by ^hom'he had three sons : 1. John, his 
successor; 2. William, Laird ofWalston, married 
Mowat, daughter to the Laird of Busbie, by whom he had John 
-Craufurd of Waiston who married Isabell Craufurd heiress of 
Gifiaifdland, and also of William Craufurd of Beanscrofl; 3. 
James'' Craufurd, (afterwards Sir James,) vicar of Kilbryde.— 
*Tfae above Robert Craufurd of Auchencairn died, before his fa« 
4;ber, of the wounds lie received at the "Wyllielee in company 
5i^ith bis father attending James ^yd. Earl of Arran, who was 
drilled there'by the Ear) of Eglinton. This happened in 1484."^ 

XV. JofiN Craufurd of Craufurdland, eldest son of the said 
iiUA>ert Craoftird, succeeded bis grandfather, Archibald Craufurd. 
*He, by his prudent conduct, composed thefeud betwixt thfe Boyds 
•and Montgotneri^sl, and received' in marriage Janet Montgomerie» 
daughter to the Laird of GiflSn, by whom he had two sons : 1. 
John Craufurd, his successor ; 2. Archibald, bom after his fa* 
tfattt!s death, was Pardon of Eaglesham, a Lord of Session, Secre* 
•tary and Almoner to Queen Mary of Guise Regent, with whose 
Jborpse be -was sent to France anno 1560 to see it deposited in the 
'Benedictine Mot^astery of St. Peter at Rheims, where his own 
sister Renee was then abbess. When in France, he got a com- 
mission, from hef daughter, the unfortunate Mary^eenx)f Scots^ 
renewing. to him >his office of Secretary and Almoner, and ex« 

* Douglas states the death of Jai&ca £arl of Arranj to have been ia 148# y but 
says nothing of the manner faow« 


FENWiCK.] Qp Cunningftame. $4i 

pressive of her obligations for his great services rendered to her 
late m6tber; which commission^ supposed to be the first granted 

*to a Scotsman, is dated at Joinville in 'France the 17th April 

' 1561. X?^® appendix for a copy of the original which is preserr- 
ed among the family papers.^ 

Queen Mary, after her arrival' in Scotland, August 1561, was 
permitted to hare Popish worship in the chapel at Holyroodhouse. 

'Some French noblemen, who had accorhpanied her in her voy- 
age, were then with her, and many of her servants were natives 

* t)f France. The Sacristan, oa* Keeper of the sacred utensils, was 
Sir James Paterson, who probably was one of her officiating chap« 

^lains, and one 6f the Popish Knights. Riotous attacks were 
sometimes made upon the chape), and there was danger of its 

"ibeing rifled at any time when she should be atbsent from £din« 
burgh. It was probably therefore lipon this account, that the 

^Q.ueen,'Jan. 11, 1561-2, directed Sir 'James Paterson to deliver 
to her valet de chambre, Servais de Conde, the furniture of Her 
chapel, to be kept by her respectable Almoner, Mt. Ardiibald 
^raufurd, in tiiie w&rdrobe of her palace at Edinburgh, fr6m 
whence it could be easily conveyed as often as was necessary. 
'(See appendix for a copy of the Inventory of these curious ornai* 
ments at the time they were delivered over. The originitl , of 
"which Inventory, -with the signatures, is stiH preserved by the 
Cfaufurdland family.)' 

In June 1567, the^Queen wbs conducted in the night tiAie 

arid in a disguised dress, as a prisoner to the castle of Lochleven. 

She was spoiled of all h*r princely^ornaments, and clothed with 

a warm* brown cassodc. >* The Lords took an Inventory of all the 

^ plate, jewels, and other moveables within the palace of Holyrood- 

- house; dnd yet. this was not all, for we are likewise informed, that 
they Spdred not to put violent hands on her MajestyTs cupboard, 

^'mtelled the 'specie thereof, and ton verted it into coin, thereby to 
forge a staff to break her own head. The Queen^s cupboard 
amounted to sixteen stone weight."-— Keith, page 404> 407. 


4tf wAwatemjot rascniPxioK^ [ParuKrqf 

It ftf^MWs however^ from the Craufurdland papers^ that she 
^dttod nidans to put into the hanii of Mr. Arcklb^ld Craufurd 
'her Almoner, certain {pieces *af plate for the service of her table^ 
which he &ithfu% kept in his possession till November 1567 k- 
at which time they were demanded from him^ by the Treasurer 
Mr. Robert Richardson^and on the L3th of that, month were de«* 
'livered by the said Treasurer to James Stewart Earl of .Murray, 
Regent of the Kingdom, who granted his acquittanee for the^ame 
4o Mr. Archibald Craufurd.; .(see appendix for a copy of this ac-' 
^quittance ;) the original paper being in the possession of tbeCraa* 
furdland -fateily. . 

The above -Ardiibald '€raufurd, «noBg ihe mar^ acts ihat^ 
distinguished hislife and;pro¥ed'him>so worthy of Royal confi- 
^nce,. built the West, Church of Gla^gowr^andihe ;Rru)ge of^ 
iBaglesham^ He dftd uamarriedr^. 

. The before^mttntioned John Crau&cd of Craufuidland wa» a ^ 
^out^h of a noble spirit and great resolution. He accompanied 
James ly. to the fatelfield ofJ^udoun where he lost hia.Iife'in 
tthe flower, of his age witbhis Royal leader^ anno 151 3« His 
^idowy Janet Moutgomerie^ married Robert Hunter of Hiinters- 
4oD, of whom the present family of Hunteraton ate descended. 
He was succeeded by his inftnt soUf 

XVI. John Craufurd of Craufurdland, who married Maiga- 
ret Blair, daughter to John Blair of that /IIk» Jby whom he had 
three sons and five daught^»: L John, his heir; 2. Thomas^ 
'who married Maigaret Craufuid^ heir portiooer of Giffardland^ . 
isister to Isabel Crauford spouse to John Graufurd of Walstoun ; : 
S. Robert, died unmarried ;— 1st daughter, Janets married to 
James Auchencross of that Ilk; 2. Agnes, married to Hugh 
-Montgpmerie of Smithston, Baillie of Ealwinning ; 3. . JBlisabetl^, 
'married to Alexander Arnot of Lochrig ; 4. , married 

to A»^hibald Dunlop of Auehenskeith ; 5. Marion, married to 

Mm Currie in Gardmm. He^ got a^Qiarter under the Great 

jpENincK.] OF Cunnin^imme; 84S 

Seal frocu^Kiogil^aaies VI. Johanni Crauftird de Craufurdlandt 
lierraram.d^ GifTardland^ &c. in Ajrphire, dated 27th March 1576. 
Ho died anno 158% in the 718^ )i;ear of hisrfl^eyand was succeed- 
ed hy his eldest son^ 

X.V'IL John CaAUFURD of Crai^furdland> who upon his fa-^ 
ther's resignation got a Charter under the ^Great Seal, Johan- 
ni .Craalurd juniori de Craafurdland, terrarum ecclesiasticarum^ 
.de JKiljbride, &C. in Ayrshire, dated I2th Feb. 158L-— *He also, 
Sdring. his fathier^s lifetime^ got^ from Mary Queen of Scot» 
ji^^gifl of the ward o^tb0:}ands^pf ^idhall lyii^ within the Stew* 
julry of ,Annandal6 ;^*^he'd9ed of gift haying |he< Queen's sig- 
nature Jrttadied to it, is daledat Edinbui^h tbe 26th December 
1 561.9 and^is in ^'poasession * of the draufurdland family. [JSee . ap- 
.pjendix].^He married A^iirgaret, rdaii^iti^r of Hi^h Wallace xC^ 
GairnhilK^by whom fhe had four sons tftnd thr^ daughters,: h 
John, hk lieir ; 2. ilugb^iportioner of %|therglen, ww iQttilied 
jind had seyeral sons ,wbo, all »went to Gerroai^. and settled tb^re;; 
3. eBobect of Howraty died uninarriedj A. Afpltibaldv .Constable 
of;DunhartQn .Qistleyandpneoffthe B^UIi^^jft^t fBurgh.r — 
The dai^hte^stwj^r^ L .Jan^t* ^fii^st mar^edtOTC^eoFge CampbeU 
of StevenstOB and Ducat-h^Il ; 2dly, to M^i^gp Campbell tff Cofr- 
Jauldshaw ; 3dl3^(tQjjohntDarleith of- that Ilk ; of all which mm^^ 
xii^es «he had.i9SMe^wbp'hBir€kl;a^ ^ 

jnarried rHobert Eeigu^biU oi th^t Ilk. ; rai»d S. Marion^ married 
.WilUamrShawof dViainholm, who diad without issue, >He had ' 
jd^ aoaturahsop.IWbertHfQr whom be purdiased the lands of ' 
.Hethectown^^of Kito)arn/9<ik, theprlDelo^ngi (o the cMH¥n. This 
Kobert was at the battle of Pinkie^ and di^ of the .wounds, he ne-r 
.jceiyqd there. 

This Laird of Craufui^dland wasa Biait><€emkient abtliti«9» 
jnd.great spirit ; and tboi^ he, UvedM a most splendid maoMr^v 
jet bedidinot^enqumber^li^stftat^fnal eaMile. He died^aono 1603 
.;;gied 7P> r«nd was. ti^ofedod by ^fs eldest son^ ^ 


XVIIL John Craufurd of Craufurdland, who married 1st 
in 1590, Helen, daughter to James- Chalmers of Gadgirth, by 

' whom he had a son John, his successor ; and three daughters : 
L Janet, married to Alexander Cunningham of Waterston and 

^Carlung; 2, Agnes, married to Thomas Craufurd of Walstoun, 

- portioner of Giflferdknd; S. Helen, married to William Rankine 
of Shell — ^He married '2dly, Christian Wallace, daughter to the 
Laird of Auchans, then widow of Mr. James Ross of Whiteriggs 
and thereafter Lady Dreghom, by whom he had a son and a 
•daughter, Robert and Catherine. Robert got from his father 
.the lands of Monkland, and married Catherine ^Davidson, daugh- 
ter of Patrick Davidson of Sheil, burgess of Ayr. Their only 
son John dying soon after his father without issue, the lands of 

• Monkland returned to the family of Craufurdland. His daugh« 
ter Catherine married Robert Stewart of Barskimming. 'In con- 

.' junction with John Craufurd his father he gave contentation to the 
'Laird of Rdwallan in 1602 for the pretence of wardholding of 
the 14 merk land of Ardaeh, alias Craufurdland, which originally 
held blanch of Rowallan as superior, (but of late had been taken 
to hold ward,) at the reconciliation betwixt the families in 1511. 
'He died in 1612 aged 42. His son, 

XIX. John Craufurd, in 1610 married Elisabeth Cunning** 
ham, daughter to Alexander Cunningham of Corsehill, who bore 

-^^him two sons: 1. John, of whom afterwards; 2. Alexander died 
an infant. He was a youth of great life and spirit He died of 
a hurt he received at foot^ball a little before his father, anno 
1612 aged 21. His widow married Sur David Barclay of Lady-- 

4and,.and his infant son, 

XX. John Craufurd of Craufurdland, born in 1611, sue- 
. ceeded his grandfather in 1612; and June 15. 1613, was served 

heir to both his grandfather and great-grandfather. In 1630 he 

, married Janet Cuninghame, daughter of the Laird of Craigends; 

:by her he had seven sons and five daughters : 1. Johh> bis heir j 

\FENWiCk.] OF Cunntngiamf. 'S4S 

Q. Alexander Craufurd of Fergushill, (who married 1st Elisabeth 

Mexwelh daughter of John Maxwell of Southbarr, by whom he 

iiad two sons and three daoghters^ — ^ly^ he married Isabdl 

Henderson, daiJghter of Henderson of Baikie and relict of Bryce 

Boyd of Pitcon^ by whom he had a son ^uid daughter); 3. William 

.was a merchant aad bu^ess x>f Glasgow. (He married Martha 

Miller, daughter of John Miller, of the Barskimming family, 

by whom he had. four sons and a daughter: 1, Anthony; 2. 

Mathew [married l^t; Agnes Stewart daughter of Alexander Stew- 

art of Torrence, and Sdly, Esther Fletcher, co-heiress of Crans- 

toun, by> whom he had* seven sons and one daughter, of whom 

more afterwards] ; 3. John ; 4. James, and a daughter;)-~4. James, 

was a surgeon ; 5. Archibald^ died in Africa aged 20 ; 6. Robert; 

'7. Thomas.-~The daughters were: h- Elisabeth, married John 

'Hamilton of Grange, by whom she had two sons and six daugh- 

.ters; 2. Agnesi niarried John Campbell of Kingcleugh, to whom 

4 she bare two sons aad^a daughter; 3. Isabella and Anne, died 

in infancy ; 4. Janets married William Craufurd of Dallea^es, 

•to whom she barofive sons and two ^daughters. 

He married^ Sdly^ MargaretSkeene, daughter of Skeene 

•ofHallyards and relict of William Fairley of Bruntfield; and 
-again for ; his third wife, .married) Elisabeth Inglis, daughter of 
■ m* Inglis of ilngliston and'ivUctof Dundas of Breastmiln, but 
Jhad no issue >by these iast two marriages. He died 1686 aged 
, 7I9 and waa aucceeded -by iiis leldest son, 

XXL John CBAUFUJU)ofCraufurdland,who'in^ 1667 married 
Anna Stuart> daughter of Six Archibald Stuart of Castlemilk^ by 
whom he had three ^ sons and four daughters : J. John ; 2. Ar* 
chihald ; S. James. — ^The daughters all ulied young. He died 
lin 169d> and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

XXU. John Cbaupurd of Craufurdland. He married filisa- 
,beth Kerr> daughter of Mark Eerr^of JVIorrieston, by whom he 
had five sons and three daught^s : 1 . John, his heir ; the 2d and 



3d died without issue; tiie.^tlu Williaim, was a writer in Ediu- 
bargh, died also without issue. . Andrevtr £he5th son^ was surgeon 
in Lord Mark KeiFr's I>f6gooDS» afterwarda settled at Prestoii ift- 
England, but died at Edinburgh Dec 1 762^ witJiout issue. The 
1^ and 3d daughters died unmatried ; the 2d was ; Slikabeth^ of 
whom afterwards. He died in 1744, and was succeeded by his 


XXUL John Cbaup^bd^ elf Granfitfdiand, who in 1719 maiw 
ried.Robina Walkinshaw# daughter and heiress of John Walkin* 
dhait^ of that Ilk, Laird of fishoptoun, uf»h wliich marriage he 
added the name and arnlah<if Walkini^aW to his own, ami by her 
he had several children wh» all dibd young, ^ce^ing. John Wsl^ 
kinshaw Craufurd) bis eldeil aeih amlfJiicodssor. He^afterwanlg^ 
niatried Etenora Ntcolson, daughter of Sir Thbmas.^mohon df 
Carnbdc and r^et of the Hofaoumble Thomaa. Bbydradvoonte, 
bnother^german to the last Earl of Kihnartraak) by whom he had 
natQaoe. ^ He died M Newptetie the lOlli Ja!ik l'J6By and was 
sucoeeded by hia .soci^ the said 

XXIV. John Wi^vf^HAwrXiuAVTVBDtmjB Gni^iAatMaaAi who 
early entered into the armu?.. He was an intiiUafee friead!<}f the 
unfortunate Etirl of JSiliUfflrnodii vtho sui«red With oibeM >fihr ttie 
attempt t6 restpi^ the house of Stwrt He atteikied: faioA tu. <lie 
aeafibldt and it 19 said M^ld a.^ com^ of 'the clot& tbo ieeAi^ his 
ht9^ } he afterwaiVls performed tfaelatt sad officie of firietiiMiijp'liy 
getting him interred. Eor the p^bitb dxbiiiition: ^e tMfcb made» 
he waa put to the bottom of the ahny Hak H^ mbo to .be Major 
Commandant of the 1 1 5th R^ibent <kf £oii>Mmd latteiiy to the 
rank of Lieut. Colonel in the atrmy« He^waa-presimt at the bat- 
tlds of Dettingen and Fx>nteaay» where he diMki^iatihed^htmself 
He died at Edinbui^ nnnmrned agtd 72^ Feb. 179(3^ Mttlnl^bis 
estkkte^ fay a deed made on his deaith^bed^ npon^ Thomas (^outts. 
Banker in Loeidbn« . His aunt ami nearM . Imtf hbwever^ iki. 
EHsabebb Cnnftud^ instituted an.tetion.of rednctian of this 

F^^mcK.] OP Cunninglnimt. S47 


tl^ment^ and after a long litigation carried on by her and her sue* 
eessor, the deed was reduced by a decree of the House of Lords 
in 18069 by which the succession to this ancient estate returned 
into its natural channel 

XXIIL £ii8ABfiTH'^RAUPUu> of CraufUrdland, daughter of 
the befere-menttoned John Oaufurd of Craufurdland and Elisa- 
beth Kerr of Morrieston and aunt to the last John Craufurd, mar- 
lied Ist William FairKe of that Ilk, by whom sKe had a daugh- 
ter who died in infancy. She afterwards married, dd June 1744, 
John Howieson of !l%aehead in Mid Lothian, head of one of the 
most ancient families in- that county, by whom she had two sons, 
William and John, who dfed in infancy, arid two daughters : 1. 
Elisabeth ; 2* Mai^ret^ who^died fkmntttied in 1801. 

The said Elisabeth Cranfurd died at the advanced age of 97» 
at Arae&ead in Mid Lothian ii^ 1902. 

XXIV. ELisABSTif HowiKsoirCRAVFimiyof Craufiirdland eld- 
est daughter of the aboveEIisabethrCraufurd and John Howifeson, 
unites in her person the reprteeiritation of the ancient families of 
Craufurdland and Braehead,' which had aFWays been in the male 
line till the forftier came to her mother and the latter to herself 

The i>rigin' of the fkmily of Braehead^as handed down by tra- 
dition, 18 as stngnlar aft it ii» iSbnettrable. It i9 said on^ of the 
Kings of Scotland (one of the James's) hunting at Cramond, hav- 
ing strayied fhym his attendknts, was attacked by banditti,* whd 
might h«re murdered him, but for the timely assistance and in- 
ti^idity of a hn^andtfum of the tiame of Howieson, who with ^ 
his son were threshing grain in a bam hard by. Hearing* the 
tfies of it- man m'distress^ th^ father and son ran out with their 
ftiiis» utiiidi^tfeey «iA»3 to mftnfttily' tki tapat theYnffians to flight* < 
and bi^dughtithe Kiaj^wkhoiit knbwI'n^lttB rdhk, iato their house, 
where he washed the' blood from' his fa<S& occiasion^ by the 
wouiKbheirfeGdvdd ; imd they gave him every refreshment whidi 
^^ Mtiitatfcmr atfbrded. His attendeints soon after arriringi ^ 

S48 PARjFicuLAR DESCRiBTiON [ Parish iQf 

their Royal guest took his departure^ desiring the husbandman 
to enquire at fldinburgh. Castle for a person of a certain name, 
.giving a feigned one, and on doing so the husbandman to his ut- 
ter dismay was ushered into the Royal presence ; when the King 
expressed his gratitude for the great services rendered hini) and 
bestowed upon his deliverer the lands of Braehead, then crown 
Jat)d$5 and which the busbandflOban at the time occupied. It is 
said the condition attached to the.giftiWas, that the proprietor ef 
. Braehead shall, iu;^!! time, ic^pming^ attend. at Cramond Bridge 
with a bcsin of water ^nd iifrpkiP) for his Majesty to wash his 
hands as often as he passes that way. .The supporters of the fa- 
mily are allusive to the above traditions, being <two husbwidmen^ 
one holdings basin and napkin, and the other holding a flail. 
Tile Reddendo in the Charter of this family, beiiig Servitium 
Lavacri, is also allusive, and seems io confirm the above story.^ 

flbe, following notices of liiis familjr an^ cpctncted frpm Vfoqd\jtntiaa and Mo^ 
dern ^tate rf Cran^nd Pari/hi^ published in 1794? ; one of the best local Histories thit 
has yet appeared. 

« The Hvunsws of BrqAead,zx^hj fyt ihe mpst ^ancient family of the parish, har-r 
ing subsisted there upwards of S50 years, a longer period than any other of the nume- 
rous families . that have had interest in this district have done." .Frsm .the pedigree 
which he afterwards adduces of the family, it appearSf that . 

L John Howison, was a Burgess ixi Edinburgh in 1450. That his son^ 

II. Jaues Howispn, jiad j^ Charter of Cramond-fi^pgi^ in. 1465. Hit son* > 

III. Gborgb Howzson, was witness to a Sasine of bir John Moubray of Bam* 
bougie, 9th Oct. 1511. His ton, 

IV« A^DB£w HowisoN, of Cramond-RegiSi had a Charter dated 10th Feb. I555« 
He married Elisabeth, daughter of Bathgate. His son, 

V. JoHN^HowisoN of Braehead, in Cramond-Regis, had a. Charter dated ISth 
Dec. 1575— died in 1618. He married Jaqet, daughter of Alexander Moubray in 
Dalmeny, (descended of the ancient family of the'Moubrays, Dukes of Norfolk), by 
whom he had a son, 

VI. Alexander Howisom of Braehead, who died in 1637. He married a daugh* 
ter of James Haldane in Saughton, by whom he had a son, 

VII. James Howisom of Braehead, who was buried at Cramphd SOth March 
1680. He married Alison, daughter of Ramsay of Blackcraig, by whom he had a 
daughter Agnes, married to James Dundas in Southfield«-4 children who died youag 
-—and a son who succeeded him, , 

VIII. Alezamdeh Howisom of Braehead, who died ISth April 1703, aged 67« 
He married Manha/daughter and heiress of William Toung in Craigleith, by whom he 
haA several children who died young, or without issue, and a soa ^%oiUC€ecdcd hUpj 

TENfTlCKj] or CMWilt^inmif . Sift 

Tbe above l^itabetli Hoirisoii G^aafiird liMvried tiha Rtiw 
36m» Moody^ late onei of the mirariiers of tfi)eg;o$p6l atPertb^ 
tirho Aowr wrames the name of Jariies Howison Moody Gltoufitfd> 
fo^ whom she had seven ehildren : h John Craiifurd Hoin^isoflr 
diedin infency ; 2. Alexander born 1780, died 1796 ^ a Willi 
Howison Craufurd Daughters: L Xli^abeth Beatrix, died in i 
ht^y } 2. Margaret ; 8. Elisabeth Craufurd, died in i^nfancy } 4. 
Isabella* Her only remaining son, is 

XXV. William Howison Craupurb of Crajufordland. He 
in 1808 married Janet Esther Whyt^, only daughter of James 
Whyto of Newmains and his wife Esther Craufu^. Th^ father 
of the said Esther Craufurd was the lineal male descendant of 
William the third -son of John Craufurd of Craufurdland AAd 
Janet Cunninghame of Craigends his wife, before mentioned* 

It is ar remarkable coincidence, and woithy of reeord, that a 
female descendant of this collateral male branch of tbe family , is 
•aow united to the oilly male deGtcendamt of a female, on whom 
the reprei^entatjiotl devolved, upon the failure of the direct male 
Jine of this very ancient family. The descent of the said Janet 
Esther WhyUeis as^follows. William [No. XXL} third son of the 
before mentioned John Craufurd [XX% i and Janet Cunningjbamc^ 
who lived in the days of the unfortunate Charles I.^mamedvaa 
iM^akeady been stated^ Martha Miller, daughter of John Miller, 
by whom* he had four sons and one daughter. Mathew, [XXII.{1 
the' second of these «ons, with whom only we me ^ present kltei^ 
ested,' married l-st Agnes^St?uart, daughter of Alexander S^uar^^of 
TeVrence, b3^ ffhoth he hdd otte child a daughter, mwried to Sir 
William •Dah^ympfe&of Couslaad. 2dly, Esther Fletcher^ co^heijv 

IX. William Howison of Braehead, who died of a fit of apoplexy, on his way 
hdnic from Grainiortd churth, 20tH Feb. 1729, aged 63. Ifcmamed Margaret, daugli- 
ter bf John Mitcfael of Alderstone, by wHom he had' a daughter married m 17M to 
Mr. William Oaulingj a son Charles (the 6th of the family,) who died in n9b\ 8«mw 
-p.l and 5 more children, who died young-^besides' his eldest son, who:saceee«lfcd liiio> 

X> John HbwispN of 3raehead> who died 12th May 1787, aged 74K H« iMi> 
ried, as already stated* P'tde supra^ 


S50 PARTtCULAit DiaeiBXPTXON [Parish of 

ess of Cranstone whose mother was Esther Cutinidgbame^ adatrgh-* 
ter of the Laird of Ebterkine, and she herself grand-daughteif. 
of the Bishop of the Isles* By her he had seven sons and one 
daughter : Mathew, the eldest son, was a man of singular wortb 
and merit. John [XXIIL] his second son, possessed of similar 
endowments, was a physician ; and got his diploma at Leydenv 
He married Janet. Orr,^ daughter of John Orr of Barrowfield and 
Grugar, then a family of great wealth and consequepce in Glas* 
gow, by whom he had two sons and five daughters. Martha, on- 
ly daughter of the above Mathew Craufurd and Esther Fletcher^ 
married John Orr of Barrowfield and Grugar, (brother of the a* 
bove Janet Orr,) to whom she had iseveral children* Mathewi 
eldest son of John Craufurd and Janet Orr, died unmarried at 
Edinburgh 1815. John, second son of John Craufurd and Janet 
Orr, married Mary Johnston of New- York, by whom he has one 
son John, and two daughters. Esther Craufurd, (XXI V*^) theonlj 
one of the before-mentioned five daughters of John Craufurd 
and Janet Orr, who was married, . has by her husband, James 
Whyte of Newmains as already stated, three sobs^ and one daugh^ 
ter; which daughter Janet Esther, [XXV.] is the wife of the 
present William Howison Craufurd, as above, to whom she has 
<Nie^on an^ two daughters : 

XX VL 1* John* Reginald Craufukd, born 30th August 
1811 ; and is the >twenty-sixth> generation by both parents record*- 
ed in this genealogy ; 2. Elisabeth Constantia^ horn 18th Oct^ 
1813 ; 3. Winifred Janet, born 29th June 1817-^ 

Arms of Craufurd of Craufurdland. — Gules/ a fesse ermine. 
Crest, a Marble Pillar supporting a Man's Heart proper. Motto, 
Stant Inkixa Deo. 

Arms of Howison of Braeh'ead.- — Argent, a Heart proper, on 
a Chief, Azure, three Fleur de Lis, Or. Supporters, Two Hus*. 
bandmen in the dress of the fourteenth century : one holding a 
Flail, and the other a Basin and Napkin. Crest, a Dexter Hiuid 
erect and couped at the wrist. Motto^ Sursum Corda* 


j^BNWiCK.] . OF Cunnlnglmmei - 351 


Hairsha\^--Muir5 or Hartshaw-Muir.—- This very extensive 
property is situated in an eastern quarter of the parish^ bounding 
With the county of Renfrew. It is larger than some whole pa«p 
rkhes;-^ containing above 10 square miles of country, or more 
than 5000 acres, of which about one-fourth part is arable meadow^ 
or green pasture ; the rest moor and mosses. It made part of 
the ancient Lordship of Kilmarnock, and as such, was part of the 
great domains of John Balliol that were forfeited by Robert Bruce» 
and conferred on his* ow^n adherent^ Sir Robert Boyd. There 
Was a Hartshaw also, in this part of the country, that was for- 
feited at the same time^ as having belonged to the unfortunate 
Balliol, which I should suppose to be the Hairshaw of Stewart^ 
on-j so called by corruption, in the same manner as Hairshaw^ 
Muir, instead of Hartshaw-Muir, both indicative of the original 
meaning the Deerwood and the Deerwood-Muir. Of the sue- 
cession of proprietors in this estate, I have no knowledge, further 
than, that it appears in 1687 among the Retoursr of the Glasgow 
family, to whom it still belongs* There is no mansion-house 
uppn it, and probably never was. 

Dalswraith, or the tenpoundtand of Darwhilling, is situated 
southwards from the preceding, and lower ddwn, bounding with 

ft ^» " ^ 

the parish of Kilmarnock. It extends to more than 1000 acres, 
of which, about 800 is arabkf ; 200 moss and 6 or 7 in wood. It 
is possessed by 14 different heritors. The most valuable portion 
of it is Datwhilling, which extends to more than 200^ acres of vai- 
luable land, and has on it an adequate mansion, with some thriv- 
ing plantation* But Raithmoor and Gra^syards, in one property 
is more extensive. Th6 names and relative values of them all 
will be seen in the Valuation Table. 

. Rose, or Ross-Fenwick, (anciently Ross-Fynick and Wattis- 
fynick.) — The only remaining grand division of the parish, is si- 
tuated on the right banks of the water of Fen wick, and on which 
t]:ie):two.towpa of Fenwick are set down. It extends in all to 


r\ntittrLAA atsctLtPttoit 

[Pariah of 

395 acr^s; tlie>hdle fertHe Imd, and in full euhiwekni ; and 
is possessed bj 14 proprietors also. The Skiffiie Ismd^- with 
Croilsbaugfa, is the largest of these, mit to #hidi' is .Gardruiit. 
Both have adequate mansions ; ind both hai^e^OOie' Wood tipOll 
fhem, more especially the fir£t, ^htt6 it Consists of it belt of 
planting bj the way-side, which is remarkably thriving', tfaoagh 
set down in a very exposeid situation. 

"ii"« " 



•{towalfan (in Feavrick,) 
Craufutdiandi • 

Raithmuir,, &c. 
-Raitby proper, • 
Raith Mill» 

Mitlhouse hill and Cottage, 
Brae, - : 

Roading-dikes, • 
Hillhouse hill, • 
N^er Raith, - 
Rorsehill, " 

Hig)i Grassvards.& 3 other, subjects 
Total of Dalswratth or the j£10 

Skimielands, &c* 

Gardrums, 2 subjects, 


\Rose Fen wick,, proper 
.9 other subjects. 

Total of Rose Fenwick, 


Marchioness of ETsHifiAgs, 
Earl of- Glasgow, * 

Do. - * 
William H. Craufiird, Esq^. 

Jamed Mitchel, Esiq. j$I89 

Mr. Boydy. 

Dr. Macknight, 

AUaa Brown,. - - 

Sir William MiQer, 

Captain Whyte, 


James- Fergusson, - 
John Baird, 

Mrs. Mure, 

David Dickie, 

Brown, Toung, Mure, 37 18 
land, . . • . 

Alex. Foulds, Esq. jfi^S 15 
Dunlop, Shedden, 
James Loye, 
Colonel Barns, 
Sundries, - 

issi o 

1118 O 


678 12 

114 1$ 


32 15 






:f6S IS 

74 7 
S2 IS 

SO d 

121 10 



Total of the Parish, 


W. H. Craufurd of Craufurdlknd. 

S42 5 » 

» r 

405967 10 • 

f '*— ^ - 

i^liSttViMiZii,* — Eminent Character. — ^Mr Wtlliam Guthrie, 
tbe first minister. who was settled in the parish, was justly famouf 

fc^<%»»»»»»fc%<^*^ »»»»<» %%»%%»»•»» 

* Abridged chiefly from, the excellent Statistical Acoountof thift parish^ by tfie ptt» 
sent minister, Mr. Boyd— published in 1795. 

iTBNfrwK.^ ot Cunnin^efttte. S^ 

in his time* He was ordained, as before stated, in 1644, but was 
ejected in 1662 for non-compliance with the powers which then 
were, and died in 1665. He was great great-grandfather to the 
present Sir William Millar, Lord Glenlee. He was eldest son 
of the Laird of Pitforthie in Angus} but resigned his paternal 
estate in favour of a younger brother, that he might be more at 
leisure to prosecute the functions of the sacred office to which 
he was attached* He was a man of great erudition, but was pe* 
culiAly eminent for piety, and a fervent indefatigable zeal for 
promoting the interests of religion. His little treatise entitled 
** The Trial of a Saving Interest in Christy" was mii6h thought of 
at the time it was written, and continues still in high estimationi 
It was translated into several fi^reigti languages, atfd bad a g^eat 
cireulation through all the Protestant churches clbroad. 0f. Oiff&X^ 
-^ edebrafted divine of the same age, sfaid of thi» tfefttl^e, ^ 1 haVfc 
written sererai folios, but there is more divinity ii!i thisr thatf %. 
fHem all.** From him is^ also descended, maternally, the? fertiily 
of Warner of Ardeer in this county. 

Ancmn* Family oi^ Hus^akdJUen. — 'Far upiwfe<irtg the^ffloors 
« the Barony of Rowalla*, there is a! large ^hefej^-Atfftl called 
liOCfH«om& It has been possessed for many gt^neraiSons by' k 
ftmrfy 0p the name of HowrE, whfch, ftotti their own Accoufft,^ft*d 
l«ve ^aff reftigees ffoitt the persectitioi* raised afgftiiwt the tValden^ 
wm m France, and ha?ve resided ii* thiii pirfce 'Ibi' iso*ne^ i*ndiSed 
yearsw Tbey met with their sha*e of trtmbleisl here' also Jfr thi6 
psraecutin'g teigns^ of the two' last Kif^s^ of the Stuart lift^'j ft* 
with t*i« same unbendiwg spirit of tfie^ «nte8torS, tltey *eHi«?ed 
ftncWBchrtients^^n their religious libertifeS. There Art^ stSF j^t*se**i 
tidheve^the eolottrsr ^at thef cot^enttitti^rs' of thie jbttVikhf ^#i9)^ 
wttbtil«in to the battle of Bothweli llfeidg^ which- soM^c)fi^ii^ 
kadi tbe's{dd)«ss to carry off sa^; and' thtey shiew ^te6 fe«»tr tl<fe 
ifwetd ofHft^ CtfptBin FktoA (bf Meadowheafd^ , a»d ^^m^ f^Wi HiM^ 
l^icb ttve^ cMMd«reA as precioiib relklss; 

, $S^ PARSICUiaJt SESdOFriDN {^OHsli of - 


OUDOUN Parish is situated in the south-east cop* 

ner of this division of Ayrshire, and separated from 

Kyle, the next divisionr^ by the water of Irvine. It 

is of a triangular figure^ The longest side is from 

E. to w. about 7 nules along the Irvine : the side 

jjext the county ofLaDBTk,.on the east, isabont4^tnilea; itendft 

in a point in the.s.v. whore the Irvine receives tbeToIbeth 

Burn* which separates it from Kilmarnock parish. . It t^ 

about 23 square miles of surface.. 

<EFenecaI SMiearanC(.^Part of one of the -finest v^lies in 
Ayrshire is situated in this parish, being the northern half of 
that narrow dale, about 6 miles in length, stretching from Gal- 
Maa upwards* to Loudoun-Hilljon each side of the water of Ir« 
vine, iltiathe mostiertileof the parisbr the most embellished 
■rith plantations ; and, where about three parts in four of the 
iriiole population reside. The lands rise from it towards the 
north on a pretty sharp acdivity for about half a mile os more» 
Siding in A kind of Table land at the height of from 300 to 400 
feet .above the level of tiie stream. From this, backwards to the 
northern confines with -the parish of Fenwick,tha:e is a great £x* 
■ |M^fle of benty and moorish lands with a considerable propprtiMi 
, itSmoaa, but having some ^strips of good corn-land esren.t^er^.l^ 
theiudea of the lesser streanilets. Loudoun-Hilt| at the head of 
the.valef is a beautiful ot^jeicW itisofacomcfd£>nii,,oc(tupyiq| 

but a small base and not rising above 500 or €00 feet in height^* 
yet is seea at a great distance. It is cultivated almost to the 
top, or rather altogether, for what is not under the plough is- 
planted with wood, except on the south side, where it is bare 
and steep rock from top to bottom. 

^inet8ljB()— There is some Coal wrought in the west end of 
the parish.^«^LiM£STON£ is in great plenty.— -Basaltic Rock forips 
the basis of Loudoun-Hill,and^he substratum of 9 great propor- 
tfonof the lands. There is also some very good White Freestone. 

doil«-^This is in general of a kindly nature, yielding readil/ 
to cultivation. In the vallies by the Irvine and other waters, it 
is remarkably fertile. 

BoatljBfr-^ An excellent road, remarkid:)Iy level, goes through 
ks whole length, from east to west, nearly by the water-edge^ 
There are different other well-made roads acrOsa, ifom aouth to 
north. There is indeed great attention paid to this subject, 00 
the part of the noble family, to. whom the greater part of the p«^ 
rish belongs. 


CCOP0 CUItitMtedf--^WfiBAT, is sown tcr « considerable ex^ 

tent in the bottom of the large valley by the Irvine water, and 

no where in Cunninghame with greater success.— « Oats herCr as 

every where else, is however the chief crop cultivated, and g^ie^ 

xatiy two years in succession with undiminished luxuriancy^^ 

Turnip is little known.^-»-FLAX, as usual, in smalLpatche^ ibrfiu 

nuly use.*<^PoTATO£s, ^largely, -and in great stile. - ^ ^ : : v 

Iji tiiiage,ft*«%%««*^**»..«**«^**.».«**«»*«..*' IiMfCI I ^' «-^ 
Cultivated grass andvmeadow,^^....,.. 4^10 I .Toti^ 

Moorish p^tures,...« ^ 26^5> 10,545 

Moss: lana, &C.. ..^...•. ISi4 j acbesL 

, Woods and gardens,^.*.*....^...'.. .....;/' 504/ ' ^^ *^ 

' Kite ^9Cli»— The dairy cows are st!41 the chief bbject ^m§t 

v&e husbandmen, and the breed is ecjoally gdod with that in the 

other parishlsiS described. There are btit few eittle kept here for 

^^AMditigr rem&gnOieki «ntl ihany yoong 



cattle are s6kl ahimfllly to odier i^Mes. There ixe some Bocks 
^ blsck-f«^)ed ^eep among the moon. The JJre Stock of dl 
kinds appieare to be ite under : 

Horses of aH 4etorlptk>n9v«»*f*»*««**« 156 

Cattle ditto, 1151 

SheejJ,.. ...•.• .• 960 

l^ifie led yearlj,...^ • «• • IMO 

Cotottjer and UillBtst0. 

Newmills.— aTIh9 town is pleasantlj set down on tbe norlk 
bdnk» of the Irvine» about the middteof tHe most popakws part 
of tbe pariah) and which eireumstanee occasioned t^fennning 
of the parish church to it^ about ■ years- i^o^ from- ftbe place 
mheve it was formerly situated near the west end of tlie parish, 
wbere a burymg-groujiil still remi^ns aroufKi (lie minfr of the^oM 
lEfrk. Ill 14^1 ovk the 9th Ja». it was erected kito a ^rgtr of 
Barony^ now governed by 2 BAilliefr and a Covmcil of^fifteen^ It 
}im a town-house, and also a prison 63r the temporary confifie^ 
xnent occasionally of delinquents. The towa consiat^ (Eif a maiii^* 
street, about a quarter of a mile* m leiYgtfa, and two or thtee lanes 
leading off from different places. The number of inhabitants m 
1^19 was^ 129(X The chief manufacture, or almost the only one^ 
ia weaving, for the Ghsgow merchants. 

Derval.— This thriving village, is situated in a i^iiMilaiff^ 
pleasant part of the valley, about a mile farther east. It consisto 
of a street nqiuch longer and broader but^without any lanes brftni^ 
ing off. In 1^792' it contained about 400 inltabrtants^ and now 
upwards of 700, employed chieffy, as the other, bjf the Glasgow 
jnapufaqturers, in weaving muslins and other sjh'm fabrics. These 
has been lati^ly exectedrhjere an elegant scboo[14kou06Si through the 
»uftificen<ieirf.tjbe Most Noble Proprietris. the Ma««Woi|«» of 
li^tingsi set down. in i^ handsome square now. fof joing: ueAr ^f| 
veist end of tho town. In this school, taught by Mn ThonMt 
.^tebel>. tbflis are upwi|piA of W achoUrf^ afc^bfeitMisiiH.i^^ 


of reading, writing, arithmetic, £n|^ish grammar, and the ele* 

t jaents of Latin and: Greek* This of itself bespeaks Derval to be a 

^lace of no mean importance. 

j^ttlattom— In 1792,, Newmills contained about 1000 in* 

V habitants, and the parish^altogether.. 2308. . At present the num- 

; bers are respectively as under : 

Newmills about • 12901 Total 

Derval, 718 V3170 

In the country parts, 1162 J souls 


Weavers,, „ , 775 Wrights, ,,■■, 15 i Fleshers, ,,,,, ,„ 4 

Shoemakers,.....^ 1 8 Smiths, , 12 I Bakers, .................^^ * 2 

^ . Taylors, , • 8 Masons, ^..............^ 1 | -Coaliers, , ' 8 

Surgeons, 2, ,., Writer,^!, 

State of Education.-*— The school of Derval has already been 

.mentioned. .The parishjichooU under the able administration x>f 

. Mr. Andrew Campbell, is very respectable The number of 

scholars in both^.being 325, is creditable to the general disfposi- 

. . tion of the people. 

* State of tke PooR««--^From the great' increase of people 

/in the manufacturing classes, the number, of the indigent has 

also been augmented* Insomuch, that, as formerly m 1791f 

when j£48 was all that was required yeatly, for the poor, both 

J permanent and occasional*— there is now required £2^0. In the 
brmer period, each of the 12 poor then onihe roll got from Is. 
to 2s. a week, or about .^3 15s« annually. How many poorat 
present on the roll, and .what each, may receive weekly or yearly 
—and how the funds are constituted for their support^ will ap- 
pear in the Statistical Table at the- end. 

^iniiattener— ^ince the Revolution. 


Hugh Fawside,... iiSept. 26. ie95...«. Jan. 10. 1752. 

A-«i«w K-. •••••Sept «• I«3..;[T-; 'o^«| ■■' W^- 

Dr. George Laurie, Sept 28. 1763.... Oct, 17. 1799« 

Dr Archd Laurie i ^"S* ^' ^'^^^* *^ J 


neighbourhood maybe said'to be alftiodt the head quttrtensh of 
this zealous and examplarj claiss of R^igionist8;«^DamieL069 so ' 
noted for the discomfiture of Claver house and his ^Bn^ons^ by 
the original Cameronians^ is situated'a few mifes'lk>m .Newmtlls 
eastward^ in the parish of Strothaveof but quite near to Loudoun* 
Hill in this. The action happened on Sunday the Ut June 1679. 
It is a memorable event with the pepple of this neighbourhood^ 
and has been rendered still more interesting from the ^^ Tales of 
my Landlord)^^ lately published,.in which, though the accpiint 
differs not biatercaDy, as to^ the cewiUt ye(Mt b una€«e$9<»ily 
incorrect in many pttrti€ulars« Jbi the ^fipendix I shall give 
«. short desertpIMB 4f ^it fram -Wodrow^ifHistoiij^asi'filiO'A con- 
ciire iac60«Mt ^^tbe'CMneronians^ia gmer^^^ 
^M hitiMrto unpoblishad. No elass of Mfopatista xuny be of a 
^le» WssdMii^ d«iiiMnottri l9aoFe peaceful in tlieir^j^eneMl faabits, 
nor more conscientiously honest in their tranaaietiQiDS* - it ia not 
^A«m p^sople^^these^poutioos^ th«t«ny injiity to tJie«auseof 
"^teUgion^br of M>dalord^, i^fobie apprehended In' tiiis parish, 
in the village of Derval, ihey have a neat, though' undecoratod 
(]^laoe of worship oalculafod to hold comauxiiousij^^iboiit 4Q(> fN^ 
i )p)ia. ^Tfae aamber ^who r^nsMaiiy attend, is&om 8004a<4dO^ :of 
'ivdttnn sAiOtit 160 are res^d^nters in t^ia" parish. This tneettag-* 
House was built in 1807. 'Before that period/ tlkb Cameroniana 
in. this qu&rter constituted., part of the ^congr^gatioa of Crooked- 
holme, then under the pastoral charge of the Bev. Wm. Steven, 
who preached, at the different places -alternately, til} he died 
abottt the year 1 800. In 1810 tibe Rev. A. M. M»g9T9on ^as 
*0(dained mimstep of this congregation, to whom, in 181 h they 
tAjfilt a* handsome and commodious manse, to which is attached 
convenient offices and a good garden. 

ANTiBVBGH£Rs«^«i-13^iQeetiqg*])9UM in N erect* 

f • 

£otrj>o^Nj OP Cuftnfnglwme; - .859 

•d in 1718^ and accommodates easily 500 sitters, of ^irhom about 
400 eoMtijbite the congregation^ exclusive of you^g examinable 
persons. The Bev^ James Greig was their first minister. He 
was ordained in No v^ 17^73, and died l9th June 1813. After a 
•ipttcanqy (^ about 3 -years, their present ministeri the Rey« John 
Aruiee, was ordained on the 1st May 18I& They also have built 
H.lmidsom^ vwuneiiov their minister. - 

4^Uti$ anH jrantiUejer. 

X4>,iH>auN.— This very ancient Barony extends ov^r about 
Mae parts in ten of the whole parish ; .and of this nearly the half 
as fertile arabile l^nd^ besides contaioioig about ^£X) acres of wood-^ 
knd of .great value. - Loudoiiti'>X!asll«t the majoorrplace, is ooeof 
4hera«stpri«^yiman«ionain tbei^ounty. makes no part 
«f the. plan of-^bb wx>ikta.giite minut&descriptipjM of the hbuties 
of the different pFoprietbrs^ I «nter no .further into the jLobjj^t. 

No fem^y^in .^rsbirehas h,adlong|er.p0SResi|V>J!i of the^ pro- 
^pertytfaaQ^tkis of Xowdou^ Th«iq:»ext to,it is.j(M4)f Casaflis, 
.Wluchdates^from^li^ ^^^ w]iie#p rf^gn <;<^^ 
cedin 1153* Thisf of Loudoun shews Charteradate^ivtheomgn 
«4^his^ gf And^ather jpi^yid; L 4f^Jiich^cic>mfii&ac^.Vi ^X liS^ - TkaGlas- 
..||9w ffiim^y dates. frol^:th^ rdig^of Ji^xanc|er J|I./coi^^ 
lifii 124d. ^Fherp:are.posa.otherof tlic;.^)^^ 
shew testimony so far back^ of being connected with the county. 
'Jt km$ bowev^r^ descended j:^ niarjri^. with, heireasea through 
^i<>ur4ifier9iit fam^]^ invS^^ -and : is. now in the*^fU)u In< 
M, «e8p«rt H Is cp^ipJeteJy>w?g\^r,--:tIvwe I^eing noj*e 9^^^ 
«R«b>40 So^la^d. '|^Hi%<!^e.jpil|r<)i)jf or.Iainds' oTLpuijioun ihaye 
been enjoyed in^ regulijur flc|fic^nl^..tbrai^h.24generatiQn9» io four 
fifffes^nttlfelpdijieft ;9jp; ^qder : o£Kta&TioM&. 
li<^t¥»^i^al fwRilyxte 'loyfOHtifii^ „ 3 

^^ %t1^e,(;iii^^ifltp^am%,.,,...... ..r ~......... 5^ 

3. By the Campbell Family, of the House of Locuowv 12 

4. By the Campbell Family, of the 'House of Lawebs,.. .4' 
Total generations in regular descent, ...^...^.t^.f «•»•••••• 24, 



to the present Marchioness of Hastings — from whom it will pMB 
into that of Rawdon — ^being the fifth time— in coiiseqtteiice of 
marriage with heirs female. 

5amflg of louUoum • - - 

The history of this renowned family, if traced thrdngh iill its 
ramificationst would 6ll a vdliime. The extent of tins V^oiIk iMt 
admitting of such ample description, the account -of it on4h6cmi*< 
trary will be condensed' into as small space as possible, cx^nsist- 
ent with explifcity-^citing De^ds and Chartersr only ^ the pur- 
picKse of marking the time in wliSoh the differtofepersoriages lived* 

L In the risign of David I. the lands of Loudoun were posr 
seased^by a^ Baron df thename of LAUfiAiNirs# who66 som 

'IE. Jambs be Loudoun de Eodem, got different Chanrteravn 
ihe retgn of William L (inter 1^14) ftbm^the dt ;Mm^ 
viiie family, Constables of Scotland. 

• ip.'MAit6ABET'DB'LouDptrK)' his- only daught^t siceceeded 
hiib in the lands of- Loudoun. She married Sip-'R^;ina14 de 
Crauifuidt Sheriff of Ajrj-vrho is^menttoaed-in-tt-Deed dated '|« 
iaaa Their wn, 

\ IV. Hi^oa CftACFURD of Lottdomit ia stiled; in a C&atter dfU 
-ed 1296» « Hugo fitius Reginddo,*' which shews both his ze]»> 
tionship to the preceding .and the period in tiMeh he lived; Hft 
' left' a son, •• ■' . 

V. Hugh CRAUFuail<^Loadoun,':SherhlFof Ayr, whobad# 
iettferof feafe'cpodnct^in 12515 to go toEngiUnd^iirhieh sh^Mthe 
time in- which he lived. He had n dai^j^hcer^ Maigarei;^ maniidi 
i» Sir llslcoldi Wallaee» and wha was motheref .the renowaad 
"Wallaee the-Qiaardian. • He had-idso a eon, 

VL .Sir Keghtald Ckaufubd of Loudoun, Sheriff of Ajiy 
who swore fealty toEdward L In 1996»and was next yea^ with 
severid others, death in a massacre by the English tiarriaon 
atAyr..By bis wife Cecilia, he had a f on, , ._..,,. 

VIL Sir Reginald Craufuia of Loudoun, Sheriff of Ayr, 

mvDovN.^ m^msii»iismh m 

'VJbolost infUfe in the caufe of Jiis couatiy* i« 180^ biTing: 
onl/ child, 

VIIL SosANKA Craofubo of Loudouo. She married 8ii 
DonciMi Campbdlf grandsoa of Sir Colin Canpb^l of Lochow, 
anoettor of the Dukes of Ai^U $ and thas were' the estates car- 
ried a second time by a female out of the family. He had a Qiar- 
tsai dated at PeBnyoo<A,..(PeojM»>S8?} 4th Jan. lS18»to Z)noc«i 
Campbell and hia^ift, of thelands of Lou^Oun andSteyensttmn in 
Cunningham* in one free Baranj to them and &eir heirs. Ha 
had also the heritable Sheriffship of Ajrr in right of his vife, atfi 
marshiUled the Arms of 'Loudoun andCraufurd wkhlus<Mm. 
They hadasoo« 

IX. Sir AmdbIw Campbell of Loudoun, Sheriff of Ayr^ «4io 
iras in the battle of Durham in 1346, witli David IL and takea 
prisoner along with him. He died m (he rtfgn of 'Bobert li 
(inter 1371 et iS90,) leaving 'a son, 

X. I%r Huok Campull (rf* Londcftla. He is witaess to a (%uv 
terln 1406, where he is stSed Hn^ Gampbdl Lord of L^dci^ 
^riiUe another of the witnesses is Willidmus de 'Cisnynghanw, 
tempore illo Vicecomea de Are; 'which seems to shew- that dw 
«ffioe of Sheriff' df Ayr, was not th«i eateroised by tbe family of 
Loudoon. He was one of the barons nonumitod to nwet ilMW 
L at Durham in 149a ilelieftason, 

XL GioBOE CaitflBELL of^Loudottn, who Iras one nf the hiM- 
tijges {<»ih6 lansdm of Junes L in 1424 

XII. tkt JoBN Caatfinxi^Xtoudoun, supposed to hareiiattt 
the son t^ the pineoedi^g, and to have died, without issue, some 
considerabietime bef«re^ Jan. 2. 1452, when, of that date, Aliaift 
iCampbefi, wife dP the deceased John Campbell ef Loudoiiv, has 
ft 'Charter confirmed of an endowment by her lor the snppDit of 
two chi^latns in a chapel on the banks of the Irvine. '» 

XIL Sir GcoRoa CAvniLL of Loudoun, who had a (Samitfif 
ipf the office of Sheriff of Ayr, dated 16th May 1450^ i« tuppoaod 



fbslttvd been the brother of the preceding, and to l^i^ 
that time^ succeeded him in the barony of Loodo&fi* ; 'BerfiadQ^ 
son, *'*'''■•'! ivX 

XIIL Sir- George Cabcfb^ll of Loudduti, "who* b«s^ a 6b(iC^ 
ofyariouskne&dated'Oir the -19th Jul/ 14B5;iii'h{»*felllliiS^Hflbi-- 
tlme. ■''4' •,•■■' "•• f :\ n^ tIjt - 

XIV. George^- CJampbeel* of Lbudoti^] (tflHSd' Jebrf' iit&i 
Recotds of Pariiamenti) had a' Charter ^tf^SftefllT^f i^j*r6«' fts 
Ikther's resignation, dated 'M My 148I^UTM-ail0th^i<dk6d'9tli 
^§a,' 14^^, erecting NewWiiHs'ittlo a'Bnrgh-'<Jf1BfiJrfehy.' He mar- 
ried lat a dftaghter of Lord Ktefmedy, by whbrt li© tiad flsue; 'a 
son, Hugh, of whom afterwards; anbther son, George^' 'ancestor of 
Hftf' Campbelk of 'KIHocbj sad "two* dSugfilers j dnfe'^martied to - 
-^WH^hert'l^d ErsMne, and the olher top^^ JtHiiti • fSd^diart' "df 
tj^*^ >He married ild); Marion Anchihieck; ohd lOf <^e idaughl 
ti^ and co-heirs of Auchinleck of Auchialeek','bj whom he had 
'«>daughter, Ahnabelia, niarried 1 st to David BosWell of Auchin- 
leck, from which marriage is descended the preseiit Alexander 
':BOsWeIitoW'Of Anchinleek'i and Sdlyto Jc^h Cunningham of 
Ct^Hngtbn.- . I i I 

' ' iXV.- SSir Hugh Campbecl of Lbudoun, the ddest son, Sheriif 
'oPAyr, had Charters of various lands dated in' 1505 and 1506^ 
ahd di'ecl in 1508. He married Isabel Wallace, daughter of 3i^ 
-fhOttms ^?l^llasce of Craigie, by whom' he had ksort, Hugh, and 
- four- dau^ters' ttarriM respectively to-^1 . lAwrence Crawfiilrd 
'^KiMrh^y ^ ST' Mango Mair of Rowallah ; 3; John Campbell 
of Ceesnock ; and "i^. Thomas Kiennedy o£ Bscr^eriy. ' He wa^ stio*. 
«i«dedbyhis'sbni '' '• ''' 

i ^ It Vt- "Sir Hugh : Ckitfs&j.' of I^udoun, Shferiiffdf Ayr. \ He 
'hlad ^StmietA ' of a great' many lands, at various dat^ from 1 5^6 
tni ISiSi and died'in' 1561. By his first lady; iW Lady filfsai 
heth St^art^ danght^f of Mathew Eari of Lennox; he h&d a son, 
:i|Iathew vaad a daught^, Marion j married to Sh: Jaines Ctimkr- 

MiWt>^pN^^ OF CifttttlngSame; sea^^ 

^wH of H^df(rird« By his second lady^ a daughter of Sir John 
Iftuttnildlhd, he had no issue. He was succeeded by his son» 

XVIL iSir Mathew CampbeLl of Loudoun^ Sheriff of Ayr, 
who badTsriou^ Charters from 1565, till 1570. '' He promoted' 
t^e reformation, butstrlb ww on* the s!de of Queen Mary, and was* 
taken prisoner by her opponents at the battle of'Langside. He 

4f^ aboiit I57Sl' He"* married Isabel, daughter of Sir John 

_ » 

Druramond of'^Innerpeffry, aiid by' her had issue, two sons and^ 
seven daughterti : ' I. Hogh ; %i Mathew, who went to Germany 
and signalised himsdf theref In the wars ; settled in Livonia, and' 
from the family designation' assumed the name of Loudon; or 
Laudon, and was ancestor of the late celehifated Field 'Marshall' 
Cdunt Landohn, in' the Imperial Arniies of Austria, the success* 
M opponetaft ofithe"^ Great Frederick z'-^tho seven' daughters mam^ 
ri6d, respectively, to-^1. Mointgomet^ of Giffin ; 2^ Lord Boyd ; 
3. Sir" Jdbn Wallace of Craigiei 4. Cunnlhghaln of Caprington ; 
5/ Crawford of L6chnorris ; 6. Lord Kirkcudbright ; and 7« Ke^ 
ofEersland. He was suctceeded by his eldest -son, 

X VIII. Sir HudH CAMrtEtL of Lbuddun > Sheriff of Ayr, whd 
wte created Lord' Loudouii in 1601, and died in 1^22., By. hitf 
first lady, daughter of Sir John Gordoih of LbcMnvar, he had k 
son, George;' and £hree daughters, the 1st married to Sii: CoMn 
Campbell of Glenurchy j "the 2d to Sit John Maxwell <tf Pollock; 
the 3d to Kennedy of Blairquhan. By hik second lady, adaugh« 
tet of the Earl of Gowrie, he had twc daughters ; the' one mar- 
rifed to Sir David Cuniiinghame of CUmtinghaiSiehead^ the other 
to Craufurd of Kerse. His onljr son, 

XIX. GBORGfi Master of Lt)udoun, died before his father; 
l*faving by his wife, Lady J'datt Heiniog^ diwjtghter of the Earl of 
Wigtoni two daughters : 1 . Ma!rgaret, o^ whom immediaptely \ and 
2? Elisabethi married to Sir Hugh Campbell' of Cessnock. 

XX^ Margaret, Baroness of Lotidonn, succieeded^het grand*^ 
jfather in her portion of the estates, and marjied Sir John Gamap- 

3^ PAIffXCUUtR fiMCfttPTIOM r {F(l«^^ 

bdl:ef LMrerSf and lims ^^n (being the thir4 tioie) ibd ^^talAs 
of Lou4o«Q WM carried by a female into another family* hpk ia 
ibis inetao^ 1:0 a 4escendfiii( of the^ same stock ifrom wbi cl> her 
paternal anpevtory sprang ; namely, frojqa Ganpb^ qfLof^pVi.. 
ancestor of Ca^itpb^ .of^Glemirchy*. from whom 4^acendeii 
Campb^l of L4wer5. 

Sir John Cam(4>ell of Lawers^ was born t9 1508> iviannfi4 ^^fa>* 

garetr Baroness of i<o«dpui^ in 16^^ was created £<rl of Londpupr 

in }639s but on account of an opposition almost at the aame in«. 

slant to the Cpurt* the patent was stopped at the Chancery^ tiU 

in 1641^ being again inj^your* the title was allowed with the pi»r 

G^n^fii }66$. Jo th^se troublesome tintes . he had oeady 

4pst his lifk by m ovdeT; ^rwm the Kiiig» but^ofi the whole* his po» 

■^iliics coincided so noyuch 4$ith the Royal party jtbat he incurred 

i^ signal displeasure ,9f ^ Qomwell so as to be excepted out of 

even his severe Act oCGrace^ ^e afterwaids made his peace widi 

/Geiierai Mppki and lived ^etly till the Restoration. He died 

.in 1663. By.X^kdy l>>udoun he had two 8ons» and two dai^kt 

|en}r-of these last»49ne a^'as-niarried to the Earl of BaoQMiiir» and 

tibe oUier to Lord Balmecino. The second eon died immarned» 

The Earl was succeeded by his. eldest soiiy 

XXX James secMidiE^aL or Louoodn. -^foheritiiig a due por- 
tion of the inflexibility of the lamily»'fae could- not concur in tho 
arbitrary measures of Charles IJL, but; went abroad and resided tiH 
}684, when he died i^ Ley den. file married I^ady Maigaiei 
iyfontgomery> daughter of. the Ear1<>of1E^intoQ» by whom he had 
three sons and fourdiuighta's. Of the sons, the 2d died without 
issue; the 3d vas Sir James of Xtawers, of whom afterwards. 
Tbf^ daii^hten were marrieds the Ist to the Earl of Balcanas} the 
2d to Sir. James, Campbell of Aberuchil ; the Sd to Hots of GaiiN 
toun ; and the 4th to the first Viscount Primrosee He was mo* 
, deeded by his eldest son^ 

f See Croomt}l*$ Jta ff Grace, in die Appendis# 

XXII. Hugh tbird £abl op Loudouk^ a Nobl^Qifip M^y 
respectecl He took a decided ptit also in the pol^ti«pi ^ t^ 
imftf md filled several offices in the state. Under Ki^ WiUiani 
be wa3 a Privy Counsellor, and an £xtiaerdio$ry ]^d Q^Ses** 
sion., Iq the reign pf Queen Anne, be wa? alsp in the Frivj Count 
cU ; was a Comny^sioner of the Treasuty ; one of the Sei^re^Af i^ 
of State for Scotland; and a Commissioner fpr the Treaty of Union, 
wblph being 9^cted,^e was appointed Eee|^r 9f th/e Gji^% Seal 
of Sccrt^laod ; but not complying with the Torj^;. ministry l^ the 
latter end of that reign, he was. deprived of .thali pffipe m 171j^ 
On the acce99ion of George L he was again ^worn a Privy Coun- 
sellor, and constituted Lord Lieutenant of Ayrshirfu , He serfre4 
vnth distii^ished bcAvery «s.a yoluQteQr Bt €he ba^^epf Sheri^ 
miour in 1715. He represented thf SQveiiei^iKtfe lx>r4 W^ 
CoxsmUsioner to the General -Assembljr of ihe Qm^ of Sb<Hr 
land, in 1723, 25, 2^ 28, 309 f»4 1731^ apd waf « veptrffi^dt- 
|»t|ve in Farliapmept »{ the Scottish Peerage ftt.evepcj fien^r^ 
«! «iectl<oiw from 1708 till 1731* «hen fa^ 4tfi4 on trb? .90$^ 
:Vov, that yeiMr. He married in 17IGK) La% Mai^gfyret Di^^jaapl^ 
•aly ^ighler.eif Jobo ^itst JQarl of ^ir,. » X^^^^r <>l^ gi^t digip#t]r 
lof .<;baiseter ^and eipiD«i>t 9C0on^p)jshment». ■ , 1^ 8^rvmi4 I^ 
.]4>id 46 yeiire^ 4y<*iig on thie 84 Apial 1*1*7% m tbe :i|00t]ii< y^t^ g( 
lier ^Qi. al» iiief cikstle of £k»n*. Ml 4be dipteicit of Hj^l^, s^ere^tP 
jifitonisbla^^en^s «f her ^^ative geipwff io x^mbeUi^ng itJ^ 
4pkoe. and a^^aoont Jwids, id >1ȤU ^doeibfMt in .tbe n^t^i^ .^ 
count of that parish, and wiU laU 4» be tjabW' AfDtice o^til^ tl^ |^ 


(v^va4tof Hm.vQfk^. ' Jfy this |U4y his ^r4^b^ M istipe, a. 
spNi and two ,d<iU£^ijt«fiD ; -one of 4he daiugbt^fls dic^ <M<mwne4 
4ik )!77l, Md tb»«tbftr iviap maenad ibo Casi|il>0ti >«f •Sb»v$(filf)> 
jmt idit^tat^ftb ett^y i<ig» witboujC mm* ^ 

XXIiU. ioMw loiulb £m»)u 4)1? JU!iw»PN sUffpQ^M' ^U Mivr 
itni/ZSIL ami w«!i«Imm«^;9 fepe9Aeiitfatiw,«f'ibf Sopttisbi j^9i9p;<^ 



'36d PARTICULAR DESCniPTlON [Pa'rtsh sf ' 

• • • » 

was bred to the army,. and was actively employed from his entry 
into it in 1727 as a Cornet in the Scots Greys, till the end o£ t\y0 
7 years' war in 1763; and at the time of his death, being theiif 
77 years of age, he was the third Field Officer in the army. The 
Jimited plan of this work does not admit of ent-ering into a detail 
of his meritorioiis services — more especially noticeable in the Re-^ 
bellion 1745-6; in- North America in 1756-7, and in Portugal 
in 1762. A concise narrative of these may be seen, under tli6 
inrticle Loudoun, in Wood's Peerage; . His Lordship dying un-* 
inarried, was succeeded by his^ cousin, only son of his uncle, 

XXII. The Hon. Sit James Campbell of Lawers^, (third son 
of the second Earl of Loudoun,) whe went early into the army, 
and saw -much hard fighting, and always sigtialilsed' himself with 
the most undaunted intrepidity ; as at the battle of* Malplaquet 
in 1709 wherey at the head of a part of his regiment, the ScotK 
Greys, he cut his way through the enemy and- opened a way fot 
the foot to pass : at Dettingen in 1743, where his conduct wa6 * 
remarkably conspicuous : and lastly, at Fontenoy in 17459 where 
he commanded the British Horse at that sanguinary battle : and 
here he was mortally wounded;one of his legs also was taken oST 
by a cannon ball.' He died^soon^ after wards^ and was buried ait 
Brussels. He is said then to have been" in the -TSth year of his * 
age. H^ married Lady Jean Boyle; eldest daughter of David 
first Earl of 'Glasgow, by his second lady Jean, 'daughter and 


heiress of William Mure of Rowallan ; and^by her had a-dftiighh ' 
ter who ^ied unmarried ; and a SOB,' .^^ 

XXni. Jaices Mure* Campbell of .Law^K^i who iM^as al^ bred 
to the army, arid was esteemed a ^ery brave. Officer, as he was 
also an accomplished scholar and' an amiable ihai6. vHe waa born 
in 1726, (from which it may be inferred, tbat his^fatherDittst hate 
been well advanced towaidsGOye^s of age op his marriage,) and 
succeeding to his mother's estate of Rowallaii, on h^r death^iti 
he assumed the name ^ Mure^ prefixing it to lii» own. ' Hb 

died on the gflth April 17865 being then ib the 61&t year of hi? 
age, and a Major-Gen eral in the army. He' wccej^fed to the. 
honours and estate* of 'HW ^usin, Jpfrn the fou^hj^rl, ^ 1782» 
and thus became fifth Earl of Loudoun. He married on tha 
80th April 1777 : Flora, eldest daughter of John Macleod of 
Rasay, who died fid> Sept 1780, by vybom^he^ jhvJ an only child^ 
XXIV. Flora Mure CAMi^BtfL:^;^ Countess of IiiOudoan^ Lady. 
Tarrinydan atld^MflfcUilfe, liorn in AtQ, 17:89, succeeded her fa^^ 
ther in 1786, apd-oB^ the, 12th July i8p4> w^ ^larried to Francia 
BAwdoct Hastings, cfUfirl of Mpica in Ireland t atid Baron Rawdon' 
in- Great Britain* r^. This Nobletoon i& lineally (^Mended of 
1. . WiLLiAk OB' Hastikgs^ (reiuqwned* iff the tragedy of Jane 
Ettiore^) who.was mHrdcr0d b3^ior4e}:iof ^the'I)^ of Gloucester 
in 14^3. HiasQiiiH?as ; a ;. f .. i 


% Edwarxh BaMn:H«uIgflrfft)?d^ wl|p^4i^^ liSQ7. He was suc^ 

oeededibyhis mni/'-^jr'r .-i.-.-foi'/j: 1\ • . 

8. Geohgx,' thin^ I^rd. H«il{pg|ib4n4 first E&rl of Huntingdon^ 

diedtin 15^^ :Hls.j»b,( ; : ; ; ; . , :. ) /.; ' 

4. Francis, second,. JSflj]|.i^^:lHf)qtln8dfiil>^m Ae grand* 

fiku^fer(tf George rX>ukQ{^fj-Q<ireO(Qe«< He^iedin 1561^ was 

succeeded by his son, 

51 <FRA>^afa ihe^ ^hird- JE)9d[ HubtiogdpiT; dying -without issue 

in 1595, was succeeded by hisrjbrMj^Qri, / ^ 

6. George the fourth Earl of Huntingdon^ who dying in 1605^ 

was succeeded by his grandson, . <> . r f i / . . 

9/1 BmifiT.ihfiP^^ ' n)nri^d:£)isabetlr^ daughter and 

6o4)eifesi ^tber^fthf^arJi.iDf {Derby, .whose grandmother was 

iki^itefc o£Aiirte» 5Ki«d!>iv^. ©iife^ -jJ^j^^ hy Mary, sister 

«fdElttfrjt:il!IUr>^od.}I^»WAg$i|^/^^ c^fi France. He diedio 

aM8,[)tmiywa««t(5i^e()^iiy< Jbi^rsqnii o ^ 

'Bt FsKHX\w^.ilffi wxiikvfki^i .wlMi..<^<iii^< 1^6(5,; and was- sue- 

'$u ^KiE^uttM0Jlbg(M^iS3^ihM^lafli^ifb^l^ m^^^^ wassuo- 

ceeded by his son. 

36^ PARTieULAR lASCIUtPTtON " { Pariah 6/ 

10. Geob^ the eighth Earl, ^ho died in flOS, tsai was suceeecU 
ed b J his hftif brother, 

10. f »teDf«fx^6 ^ ni«'«h> flarl, vrho dAtAin 1346, aod was aoo- 
ceeded ^y his son, 

11. Fr&nck the tenth Ettr], who dying smnerried itkVlB9tti^ 
earictonibecum^ ^xthmst (<af HuDtiAgdon) ^ tbe andent banmies 
def«}v»dlf t)«h his it^^t ta^ <ro]e heifj / . r . 

il. Eii^Afirei'jAS fiaroh^a^ Hiingevfbrd, i&i«iags,.'4ttt. vfiio naaiv 
ned in HSi^i Jdim Rdwdon £arl of Mdim, t«> wbom< sheliaMl 
'IS. Franvis, ixMtl' ftiwdbA, whd<<K^.tli6 d(0atli of iMB. father id 
1793 heentte EaA ^ Mioim, snd on tke <la«th 4if the Cbmien 
fits mother, «n tih^ f €t)( i4pi# ttOQt b(B«Mttft Bkroa Haageilbrd^ 
Hanti^, ^e. 6ib Iy»MhNrip^«ii> the^ 7«h di9«, »8ti6 ««» adiiraneed 
in the Peerage of Gr^ Britain, :bj ^e lihlan ^ MatvpHs of 
Havtings, £arl i^$l«lt>dbM4imi ¥is<»(lfit JliiMd««i«t Jfylm mab 
riagie with the Countess of Loudoun as above,<(aad^wlii<liiis. febe 
fi>tii1li titne-thsN;'^ fiettootb-^jib^Mioieiit House, liave been 
conveyed. by a female to other -families,) -disyi baVe JbA issuer 
1. !LAdy Rora EBsiibdIfer, dom in BlkiliNsIw' 
& Francis George 4uguBttt$i tiMiii iMmdon in I8i7,4ieijlitbii 

following day. 'i : : .' i 

9. Geofge AugtrstMs: Fhiods, fiaA dMUw«id«a,lK>ni Feb«4^ ItOS. 

4. Lady Sophia Frederica GbtiatiiMu^ ' - 

5. Lady SeKua €onstiane& • -^ • "* > 

6. Adelaide Augusta Lavinia. ' •"",' •'•* . - 
The Best of the Favtish jiid^v\M^ma^^a6i0labieat^ 

tors (besides the BurgMandS) whieh «Meil<| >tb n^iM 1^ miM^ 
among whom folm Leep^ of* the^ llf i^tU €ttini) 'hi» the: ipwit 
extennve portion, >«bile ^oifan^ AlUait<fl? QLoodoiMiHitt!. kmi 4hc 
most valuable of these smaller pt^ipiett^ ' I^MAfr «3iibtiid 
380 acres ef(cb, down to S^acres, aad^vikiio 9^bt'^r'4i»wmne df 
them, are neat small mansions, suitable to thcr r«Bpebt|«eiait8Bi 
of land, among which two* or thxee lietir to L o wlbun i|iai»i<pe njt 

JLOUDOUy*} OF CttttttfltBftftme; 369 

the east end of the town of Derval^ and those on the Ladytons> 
are the most noticeable. The Loudoun estate is let out chiefly 
to tenants, -of whom 52 substantial farmers have among them a- 
bout 4000 acres o£ arabie land with an extent of moorish lands 
nearly -as large. The respective size of these farms will be best 
indicated by the number of milch cows in their respective dai- 
rieS) and which is not unsimilar^in that respect, to the Cunning* 
hame tenants in general : thus 

1 Tenant has,. 26 Milch-Cows. 

1 Ditto...... « 25 Ditto. 

1 Ditto, •••... 24 Ditto. 

5 Tenants have each from 20 to 15 Do. inclusive. 

22 Ditto, have from 14 to 10 Ditto, 

22 Ditto, from 10 to 6 Ditto. 


Total 52 Tenants have among them...*.*..... 005 Milch Cows, 
-and five of these have each flodis of from 160 to 240 sheep also. 





•Estate of Loodoun, 

SurgKbiiib of NewmOIs^ 


Xf eikle Glen) &c. 






I(o. 4 pendicles, ;part of 

Loudoua-Hilly * 

Skelly-HiU, « 

Carling-Craig, - 


Mpss-ude^ ^ * 




Fart of Kirklandii 

^arqais of HasdngSj 
SundrieSy • 

James Alston, 
John Leeper, 
William Wardrope^ 
John Smith, 
Hugh Morton, 
John Wood, • 
John Paterson, 
Four Proprietors, 
John Cameron, 
Thomas Morton, 
Thomas 'Gilchrist, 
John Monon, 
N. Brown, Esq. 
James Montgomery, 
Alexander Paterson, 
James Legsat, 
John SmiSL 


Valued Rmt. 




42S9 15 10 











44 12 




















iP^ish o/v 

dntt(lUitietf.-~What is supposed to be the rem«ixi3 oia Prm^^s 
Temple, is to be seen on the top .of a hill. Xt 19 oomposed jo£ 
large broad whinatones set on <en4; Tb^ce are «^v/ef(d jttimiftti or 
cairns of stone. , Two of them Thanre beeir cpene^j wd found to 
contain huinan bones with marks of burning Qn theeo* In ooe^ 
an urn 6 inches diameter was found with Aslies in It. Inanotiner, 
a stone cell 4 feet .10 inches long^iuid 19 inchep brosd waafound, 
full of human boiies*^ In the town of NewQiills theve still ire^ 
mains one of those dismal square toweri^s >so frequent in this part 
of the couniiy, supposed, to have been an occasional residence of 
some of the ILoudbun familjr, in ^rmer times. 

There is apart of the old kirk^of Loudoun^ alreodjimentioned, . 
on which the roof is still kept up, ,thiM; is ifippropxi^t^ as the 
burial vault of the family.^ . In this is deposited the body of the * 
GieAt Chancellor^ John .first (Earl of 'Loudoun — ^so well embalm- - 
«d,^tfiit it is^notonly still entire, butjthe lineaments of the face, . 
and even the hair unchanged in ^our^ remain, without any 

apparent alteratioiit H^diie^ lip }6Q3t 

. t 

tOJMARNOCK,^ fm Cttnninjj^tmfi 




proceed frpm Loudioun >4owii the ya^e ,Qf the Ir- 
vine, the next parish w^ come tp>^t of :Kilmar« 
noirk* [See the Map. ]-r-Frora east to we^t it (Ex- 
tends, at avaripus breadthi froin iSipilesto^; whil^ 
from 8. to n; it is equally various in extent^ irom ^ 

miles to 4^. The surface in all is equal to ^ are;;^ of yery jieaf* 

\y 15 square miles^ 

(t^ehttfll ^ppeilta|tee*-7^6 water of iCilmarriock^ which pat;^ 
ses through this town^and falls into the Irvine^ immediately be-* 
low it^has formedvin its course through, the pwkhi a prett 
but narrow vaHey.. With this exception^ the whol6 parish may 
be considered as a level country^ though some^wh^t und.ulated m^ 
ti^e surface, and shaving. a \gjsneral declivity on a moderate, scale 
iMm north' to south. 

09fn078ijBr« — CoAL-abounds greatly in the vicinity of the town, 
atrd on the west side in particular has been lon^^wrought, and 
more extensively of late than formerly. . Dciring the (x>iirse of 
the last' ten years, it has formed^tbe sole source jof supply to: the 
harbour at the Ttoon> where it is ascertained^4;hat there has been ^ 
Sported from ^/KK) to . 25,o66 tons vearHr.: The tomtof ^KU- 
liiarnock itself, having rapidly increased during the s^ame period,'^ 
h&s occasioned a correspondent inc^ase sdso in the consumpt of ^ 
Goal.--^FREESTONE too^ IS abundant. - 

:ftOflt — ^The whole parish almost, is arable.— The soil deep * 

372 iMRTicuLAn BESCMPrioM ; [fWM^ 

and heavy, somewhat adhesive naturally, but of a productive qua- 
lity, or rendered so through long continued, cultivation, 

EoaHtf* — Kilmarnock affording a ready market to the coun-* 
try all around, has occasioned good roads to be made to it through 
this parish in all directions ; it iias the further advantage of two 
great post roads, at right angles to each other, across it 

iRaWtoap* — ^The Duke of Portland'^. Railway to the harbour 
of Troon, commences at the town of Kilmarnock, and passes 
through this parish westwards, so iar as it extends. The Rail- 
way itself is 9 miles and 7 furlongs in length, of a double tract 
the whole extent Of this^ 3 miles and 1 furlong are in Cunning- 
hame> the rest is lo Kyle. The declivity towards the Troon is 
about 8| feet in the mile— the whole descent being86 feet It was 
first opened for use in 1811, and was finally completed in 1812. 
The form is a flat rail tract, with flanges to keep the convex rioii^ 
med wheels in their proper course. The draught by each horse 
amounts to from 4^ to 5 tons, including the wei^^ht of the two 

CropjBt Cttltibat^*— Though the dairy forms «till ^n object 
with the husbandmen, yet their attention is not so peculiarly d&» 
voted to it, as in the other parishes un^er reyiew« Hence Til- 
lage is more practised, and green and white Crops alternately^ 
are more in use. Of the Tillage Crops, toQ> Whcat fbrptia a more 
considerable portion than in any other parishes-^preceded i« 
many instances by Summer Fali^ow.— Turnip, however^ is still 
a crop not received into favour. 

l^Urjeferg^-T-Kilmamock is famed for its Nurseries; and I could 
hav^ been happy to have laid some satisfactory inforn^tion ho» 
fore my readers on the subject, such as^*— wbep .introduced-~by 
whom^ and by what means — the extent at firsts ^ndita gradual 
increase — But my good friends the Nurserymen did not chuse ta 
nurse this disposition^ but declined %11 disclosure* I can th<gre- 
fore only state, from my own observation, that nowhere are more 


iiealthj seedlings produced— nor which, when transfered to the 
fields, come sooner into forest timber. Fruit trees too, and flow- 
;ering shrubs,, are raised in great perfectioni and of every varietyt 
— *and respeoting the demand, * it is not limited^ to Ayrshire, but 
extends to Galloway— to Argyle-^to Lanark and Dumfries shires, 
and not ^a little even to En^and-and 'Ireland. 

fin tillage, ^.. 2194^ 
Cultivated grassland, •« 4626 I Total 
Natural pasture, 34 > 7450 
Woods, gaidens and nursery,. «•« 180 acres 
Moss 4and, roads,- &c.«.«..« w^. 416^ 

%i\tP %todU— ^Nothing peculiar to -be -remarked. 'The num- 

^ber ia all is reported to rae as under : — 

i Horses of every, description,.. 4...; ' 259 

' Cattle ditto, 1284 

•Sheep, r.... 3S0 

Swine, »• 286 

'; Town of Kilmarnock. — This town is situated in a hollow on 

' both sides of a rivulet, which in «this parish 'goes by the same 

^name, though 6cther up the^eountry it is called the Water of 

; Fenwick. It As in north lat 'SS" 36lS9f\ and in 4^ 25' 28'' west 

Jlon. .irom .Greehwidi. It is about .21 miles ssw. from Glasgow, 

,X2 mil^' NKE. fi'pm'Ayrifand 6^ miles' ^ from Irvine. 

. . The old part of this town,- like- to all other old towns, is built 

with very little regard to pkn<-«^the streets narrow and crooked, 

) whilst the: houses are an intermixture of all manner of-structuoe 

iMid material, and every kind cime. There has^ however, been 

.a gteat alteration in these respects, in that part of it which has 

. beea XQQne teocdtly erected, more especially within these last sbi 

or eight years. Kilmarnock now exhibits one of the finest streets 

firi.Ayrshins^jmd. which, next to the main street of Glasgow, is 

.the lotigedt met witb in Scotland. It extends very nearly 

.^ mile and i^ImUI In this, towards the middle of the town, are 

many v^y eliB^gaot honses and rkhly^fumished shqps, wbiist 



9nr4 pJLRtteuLAk iftltscRiPTioir' [p, 


thtoUgh H tfU^ the bNttllih h ikbafldantly ^padoudilUkd; Uhifbrffiity 
M fair fvAwtr^i that meHn and loVir hbuseft lire D6t itttek'Ahted 
with them&ite 9tMtAy mA better flniiih^ fabrics: nof i*6eessM And 
prdjectiotid to formerly) id lilttirtiate ord^, Hk6 Mr fhe teedk of It 

The name is supposed to b& d^^ed (hsm a St. Mathoek, 
whoso cell or kili a residence or place t)f septiUtire^ il thought to 
h&ve b^n hef^. Such A SAint is stated to have died A. IX i^. 
But Kilmarnock, as a place, is not. mentioned in history till near 
1000 years after, and then not as a town hitt at a teiritorial pos- 
.session, confered by Robert Bruoe on his fiiithiid « lidhfereAt Sir 
Robert Boyd. Prior to this it was the property t>f Jobtf BiHittl, 
King of Scots, which with Bohdington, (now^fiosoitMi) in the 
vicinity^ and many other estates in Cunninghd ibe^ bdonging to 
that Prince, then fell to the crown tiirough forfeitore. There is 
a considerable barony still ''goes under the name of the XiOrdship 
of Kiltnflrnockf and thd towa its^fv from pouestiin^ fmrtibf it, 
lanks as an heittor in its oi^n paribh. 

Th« first ; Charter ejecting the town into H fiuifgb cf BMmy 
was granted in 15B1 in ^burOf Thomas the fifth Loid Boyd; 
a second was obtained in 1€7£ in fiiVb&r of William the first Esll 
of Kilmarnock, whose grandaoo, the third Earl^ in 1700 ^Ye a 
Charter to th^ town, of the whole eommdn good^ eUatomk, &c. 
By rirtue o£ these Charters, the town hoids its pMsbnt muhiel- 
pal constitution. The goyemment ia invested in 2:BaiIIiel^afld 
17 Counsellors, having a Treasurer and Town-i(9erk^-^-^ «h0iMi 
annually^ There are si3L^*ncorporated trade»Mliobe of the Bbfi^ 
net*makers^ the most ancient^ (wasixiemporated^in 1046)^i"-j%ltt« 
Hers, Taylors, Shoemakers,, Weavers, and -^^^^^. 

l|9ftnUfaCtttreiV4^This is the. greatest mknu&etntittg t(f#o ih 
Ayrshire»~and, with the exception of Gla^^ and I^uiley, this 
fpreatest in the west of Scotland The chief manufactliie^ «r Uiit ill 
wludi most haiida are employ ed, is wennng, itt Vitiouar bnttiohSs 

Hb&it! ta^ ihoxkt 1500 ))e6ple Employed by the 6tasgd% &nd* 
^isle^ tftdDUftdUr^n in the fabHcatioti t^ nauslins and silks. 
fOhete &reM>6tit ^00 ^n^ployed in the carpet manufactory, which 
Is in gtisiA reputation in this town, and hoM recently undergon^^ 
gteal impM>T<»nient in ltd machinery, iiddttig theteby to the beau- 
4y of th€ t^fiture, aA trell as bupersedittg the labours of a dr&w- 
boy formerly employed ta each loofti. • Th^ m^eist ancient of ftll' 
th6 Incorporated trades, the bOnnet-maMfigv oontinues ta employ 
filany handSi Thk head^resS) tilt'df iMe^ peculiar to the Scot»- 
tish nation, htu^ li&e to its tart&nsi obtftimfcd a wider spre^ £\ren 
the English Regiments use the bonnet ia^ nn landtess^ insteMl of 
the flannel cap. BhoemaldtBg .empl6ys mAny^ M bhden fbfm k 
66n^iderable blranch of the^ilp^re tirade hef^ In the t6w6 th^kte 
are two lai^ mill^ fbr '^pinniri^.^d^bl ; th«M«te two ettenstve 
Iftn^work^'^Wb bteWeries-i^*^ pJEintfielcU^uk iticm ibundii^^^^Httid 
iht^ ptifating offices. Tbesldhn^r ttad^in itM vndduii hittA(Ait% 

ihdndilE^ that of glc^^^^kih^, Is V^ pro6pdMU»*H;hfer6 iu« 86- 

Yerftl mdnufacts>ne» of candl^in^f iobA«<» attd sAVff*^^ ttitnSitt 

work' — isnd as much, perhaps^ as in any oc6ttpaUon^ the fLeshtti 

M ft. distinguished statton--the butcher-matket of Rilmamodc. 

IM^ng ftm^ng the very best in Seotknd. 

In ther diflHifent oceapatidns kris : 

W6iiv6rddfitoii8llnfe»&c; 1500^ Wrights,-- 60' 

Do. CarpetSy..^». 200- Masons, 55 

Bonnet-mak^jSji.rii i , ■ 175 , -^"fitH*; • r • ■ 40 

Shoemakers, ^.. 400 j Bakers, ,. ■.,,... 23- 

X wL\\OTo^ mmmttm^t*mmmm»timlmmmmttmm ' aO 

Fleshers^ v. m,.,»tk 20 

Writers^ 20...In thef Medical department, 9. 

In the* country parU t-*-8tniths, S ; Wrights^ 7 j Taylors, 4$. 
Masons, 4 $ Coaliers> no precise infonhatibn^ — but supposed to > 
lie about 120. 

tti V19% the carpdt maA'diactdry was that which '{)(oduced-&e 
^^eftt valAi^ of goodS) being e^imated at ^21 ,400 yearly ; nelt ^^ 
to l^hi^ W^s th6 shoemaking, estiidAted at £21^16. The tai^ 



fiiog at £0fQOO$ and tbeskinniog and gloye-making tocher, at 
^ >6l 0,000. The whole weaving (exclusive of: carpets) ^. ^69^ 
I have not been able to ascertain hAwthis point st^ds. at p^es^tt 
but should conceive, that while: none of the other trades have 
declined, the weaving of muslins, and such soft fabrics has, ^v 
some years past, produced^ more ya)ue in manuf^etured goodSf 
than all the. other trades combined. 

Ecclesiastical State. — This. parish, as already stated in the 
^account of Fenwick, once covpcehended that parish within it 
From the same cause (namely an increase in the- population^) 
K^imarnockf about eight yei^^s ago, underwent another di vi^ioq i 
a, new parish beipg ecectad, by authority: of the Lords Commk- 
siopers, for plantation of .k^rkSf ,&c. .The decrete is d^ted June 
19tfa, 1811, in ^which a portion contained within certain bounds 
therein designed was disjoined from the old parish, and csrecttd 
into a new parish to be. called in all time Goming~,The Hjgh 
JKirk of Kilmarnock } and on the ^3d July 1811, the same was 
received by;the Presby^te^ Irvinerintoihe number of the pa« 
jishes within its, bounds : and on thQ 5th day of Sept. the sajae 
year, the Rev. Andrew Hamilton was admitted minister thereo£ 
This additional parish to the Presbytery has had the effect to en- 
title it to be represented in the Generdi Assembly of the Church 
by an additional ministers-there beinjg now 3, instead (if ;^ as 

-^fnfjeftettf— since the Revolution. 

KA^l£$» ADMITTED, DIED, ftc. 

James^Rowat, «#%••• 1688. ,......-. .• j. 

Francis Findlayaon,... . . ; Diedor rem. bef* 1711 

=WiI,h».Wrigh....„iAdnj.W.y3.^mii j^,^,:: 

Patrick Paisley, Ordain. May 6. 1724*. Died Bee. 11. HSO. 

T TTMi C From the 2d charge f Translat to Glascow 

Laurence HiU......... | ^^^^^ .^ ^^36 | j^^ ^ ^^^f 

James Lesley...... Ord. March 17. }75lMDied May l%l16i, 

. John JElobertaon,......»Ord. April 25. 1765... Died June 5. l*} 98.. 

MMJM^OCK.} -. ii« CimiMiMMlk Wl 

. KAVES^ . ADMITTED, r - » . . -, i>PSQ»'f|iU ' '^ 

Dr;t)«vid totclHe;..:Adra. Teb: St i80aTV4oiM..Julj2vI80l 
•tv A J - >• /'f Ad. fi'om Portmoak f Tr. to Cannongate, 

Dr. Aa. M'Kinlay.. | y^ j^ ^^^ 

.WiUhh^ Wrigll«,....:Not iiie«tHined^..../[^*^ j^^^^^f^f j«S^ 

<Seorge PdleRW«».,..Ord. Maj 9. 1711...... Died in ng& 

Laurence Hffl^.,«...Ori ^ay 6. n25L..| "^^ wfi^i*^^* 

Robert HalI>.....*..L..,Ord. April 11. 1739.. Died J^ 5. 176S; 
WilKam L,ind8ay^...Ad. fr. Cymbrae n6a Died April 3a 1774 
Jblm Matrie^.»..*.....@hrd MarcbS. 1775^.. Died June % 176^. 

Dr. Jas. M^Eiiidl|iy^.Ord. April a l^S^^- 1 ^*42i'ti*x&^ 

r Admitted frofSa the C 
'Dr. 7olin MadeodrK parish of Rilmoden < Trans, to D^ndojoald 

t Nov. 23. 1809. (. ^I'eb. IS. 181& 
r'Sobeit Stirling,. Ord. Sept 19. 1816... 

.JpiQpitlitf9lt*--'lB the toi»ta, about .»... 10,240 

L ' ■ I: Aiid>ki. die ic(fiinti7^pftrt% about..*.*... 9<i)M 

TiBE ?poB.-^TI^€trea^i^lK>uti4fl On ^^ 
dMm about ^6^i|^tiii|K^y, b^^id^ nbpiit ^OP ffw^i^ t^ 1)^99- 
casiooa] daiml^i^B. . X|ie; whole aiitoupts to »bii)it j^^^7<5* 

Bwjem! Soi^7ii^-*^of^^r tha« 42 MMi;i 90019^ of 4n«l«i!» 
and 5 of j5^idef^ ei^ftted tUl laiTs wh<^|iA.0]|iO;cowi|t:of ge«esi^ 
«Ustr^jb.«9qiQ ^ ^^ &il«;d. 'I^ese JOqieti^ oi (^ j)9^# 
Wd«Rt.di«^(?»ted as Mows : 

- - In WIS *....-.• ^ffo2 1* 1 

1B\$ - - 728 1^ I 

rsw - - - . - - 112* le « 
:1?bjNftlnff!hitlMMo(ii»Si(TiM» BlAik been eiti^ 

: finisBOB £DO4u»0(r.«^Tbete«it M Mlieel» in the ^tstrnttf 4 


of tvfakh are. on tafi^e8.lAl^isIunen)t, ^nd^oiie, a clian<y Bch6ql> m 
yrhU^ from 90 t^riQO poor ch^IdrjeBi arp educated gratis-~the 
r^ are private schools. .In^be yhdipf the numb^^ of ' JM^holars 
amounts to about 1340. lliere tde 4 ^nday stboebf at whloii 
3SQ young people atJtend for religious' instraction. 

^DUtSttntttSl, — CameroiIians. — Abeot the year 1775 a con:' 
gragatiofi of these gemitne whigs was establbhed* at the pleasant 
village of Crooked-holme, in this parish^ . In * 17B$ tbey erected 
tbei{fpresei>tcmeeting-hou$e there^.wfaicb:iB calpii)iift^,to aooomv 
modfibe ea^H^ ilOO* sitters^but which is sometimes croirded to the 
ex&mt of ^n«arly 600. Prior to this time (1776) there were only 
fbiir establfdaied mihtstenr in this communily in Scotland; and the 
Siiaister of Crooked-holme^ the late Rev; William Steven^ snp^ 
j^diihcaediffisreot iiongre besides this-r-namely, one at 

P«ial»ysO<te at Kilmalcolmi both in Renfrewshire; and one, as 
as before .noticed, atrZHirval^in the parish of Loudoun ; all of 
f^hoQAjifave now ministers of their own. ,The congregation at 
Crooked-bolme consisto rof about 150 coohimunicantSi' (having ^ 
JNWtj^O examinable children in thewfimiilie8)^-J)f^hiks ooonaion-- 
9i^^Jiecirers,.andi ta:made op from. OMiny diiE»rent parishes in the 
western parts of Ayrshire* The present minister, the Rev. Adam: 
Brown, 'war admitted to this charge in 1802. The congre^tion 

_ • 

Ifave erected for ))im a small, but neat and commodious manse, 
to wfai(^* a good garden^ wsdi a smali'pieceof Ikndis attachedl/ ' 
BuftOHkB SBOi!nBXs.t?^Iil 1772 there was a Burgher Seceditag^ 
meedng-houae erects, moidMiras fitled'^ilh a TespecCabld congre* 
gationu Hfese-tii! -•-!—»— ^ s^Kt among themsdves, on some pg^ 
lemical. questioor^of HMe^ public 'importance, WhicTTocirasfoned 
another meeting-house to be erected,^ wjdSi a sepairate congrega- 
tion; In the first't)f these, the Rev. George Lawson is the pre^ 
tent ministerj wit!) a copgre^^on^of abbujt. 1000 souls. In .the 
•eooad^ke Bjey. ?eter.Gafllpbeijt-i3 thepreaent miniibec^'iwhose 
xqngp)«gaM9i^ aqMMpta ta tbMt .•dSQ*^ hkbo^ the>eKsnMiable 
children are included, '• . *' 

<i 'i 

UiLMAnNOCK.] OF €ttnnivrg!»iiWi $# 

AKfiBUR6H«Rs.-^Iri 17759 ^^ class of seefed«l*d' ^r^til^* sf 
meeting^hfouse, which \v«t ateo attended with a respeMable <)Ori«^ 
gregadonJ' Hiey amount at pf^sidDtto about 800 unddr th« piiS^ 
twal^hafrge of their-pf edent minreter; the 3lev« John Ritdiie. 

Church of Rklief.*— This ciass^ which differs in noone aiw' 
tide of faiths from the ^ established cbwdi, but flies to this re^ 
fiburce^ to beftHeved fWAn-theil^managied domination of Pfttro^. 
nage^' erected « meetii^g-bouse here iti' ^- >■* , It consists at pre» 
sent of a resectable congregation of al^Mit tOO'ttnder the charge 
of a minister of their own cboosingy the^Reir, ^i^Iitfm limoot^ ^ 

M£THODi8T8.-*-This coijscientioua sect <^ religiosistB, wi»ldb 
is thie butt <if aspersion itt'a neighbouring kmgdami and tit» 
cause tliere even of some alarm, has never heeui viewed in a -bad 
Hght in Seotliknd. Nor iodtted are tfaey vameroui. ia thia town; 
Dtere is a %tM^ circle <)f tliem, not exceeding 5S <ar 60»-tiaidtt^ 
whom presides bccadotally in their devottonsw ^ 

BAPTisTs.-^-Of'^is pious and very : unassuming, seet therfe are 
abbut 25 members in this town* Wbethte they bold preei^dy 
the ^anie religious tenete with those of c the same-^dehonlinatioii 
in Irvine, Kilwinning, add other towns in thi& f«rt o£rtbe constryt 
}^ not quite know: nor is it of importance to be InowD^ The 
whole body of' Scottish ^Dissenters^- are an»ng tfaetibest prdps td 
the cause of oivi^as iwell aaof reKgious liberty. . :The iropolitie 
abuse of the right of presentation ^may tfaxn^ the deaha of the^es^ 
tablished kirk. It may do worse t'^t.mi^^afftdien^or^ven'amiir 
ft!iate»the*rdigi6ttA principle among thepeopla*^ majplbeMeA'the 
bands o^cii/^l^aodittyy as'- well as shake-the ptUorsof IhedmrdB 
But those who betake themselves, :JromtiiebitecmitciBOS iiMtivei 
to a dissenting or seceding mettiiug«ibouse».'Will be the very first. 

, * One mod eSecr, however, it. must be acknowledged, results froi^ patronage^ even 
Si its harshest form— ^hat thougn it may-incresKPe^t^mimberof DJssentefs, ifgivei 
*Qse .'who pifCsr^th^ eital)tU«h^d cbitfcjii ll|e<9ivo!r<|imty nof/exkib^^tfiKi dcn4e#r> ihcpf 
attachment to it, by remaining under its communion ; apd thus shew, that they have 
IhiAle lhenr^H^6nr«as ^^iiseieatlouslf ais4h#^SS&aet:»theAiseh^si}---{br iniiMkidS^ 
it is as CMvenient and as cheap to attend a Meeting Hous^ as tlie Es^blished Cburchr. 


to OppoM tlM» unpchicipled demAgogocB io their daring attempts 
at what Ib^cail a^Refertn, — the ertfdicating of christiaoity slto- 
geUier» h ta more &(Mb tho^e who are kidiff^wqt about tbesa 
matt^Ri^ or wha oareftr none of thae tAmg$i thfln fipoalXaBM^ 
texs> tibatdai^erls to l>e ^^preh^^eid 

BhVK.f^lmil'iS abraocb of the Bank d Scotland was estab? 
Itfhed in KUmamockr but wtd mthdiwim ia 1901. .In tb« 
yearfettovii^ aa dssocittidiR of tnoaied men was entered into 
bete -for establiriikig a bank of ihm ovn> wb^ch iraa canwd uito 
cBitft,TvafUMiBn|^jr ; and^ Modbc tbe^tane of tile fi*NK of Kiucar- 
vdck, faaa dHto & deal of bdainew aincie : whilst their aotea-haiiEQ 
k Hilda ducabtaonr tad aver-witbi confidence reoeived^ 

^osv»Qincs.«>«tEiC(Mcra are leoeived and delivered. twice • 
dojr both to dle^ ftortli #od aonkb, Mcbtdjog tb bsye^oat to IrvioB 
and otlMr Iqiinit 4to the itghft and ktft. 

. TmnstiSmum^^^TbU k erected on the oist tide ^ the nun 
f l iiiA :dhiont Ao middli of die town. It is a#tttdjf straeUufh 
villi capwaons«diffeiiintp«Uk<^eeB,.iii^ 
ftoeak It waa bnik m (SOS. 

Coff«fr>|too>f.***Tlqa is. placed iiewthecentre,^ the tow« 
too» at a point where several flfcrfcte neet it is appropriated af 
nnading-dfoonijj^enefcal lounge— ^dojocaflionalflaoe<^rendesr 
ivna. It .k as &et long, SS wide» and ISfeet high» Itiaintb? 
aoaend ftior of a ttaadfome buildcng erci^ed in 1814* 

I jaa^Biaa^'— Th^re are three circidi^g Libraries and tif0 
JMnntaiiied bjr ptlra^ ^idtecriptioQ* rio .wfaich .<ii» mwibw ^ 
Sookais coaaiderable and well selected. 

' GBtTGA8.-^This^iie .property is sitiiated m^ie emtent side 
of the parish, narelilng ynih. that, of Ixiudoun.' It ex&hds to 
o6Q8idena)ly more than 2,000 aeres, nearly all arable kuid» «f tk» 
hut qaslkys This sbQut the time of tlie Bniceaa eok^tesili IiBp; 

^loBged to Wifliam dePflnrara Mid Aka dok iScu^e, ia coMi^ 

M|ueneeortb«ii» inamage witk two oo4idoe8ses. [Sea p. 47«} Bo- 

. iBg poftitMUM «f SliUio), dMywere ^ eoUvso ioxfeited^ aod <^ia 

part of their posaession^-wa^ conferred by Robert L on liis ateady 

adherent,- Sir ilobert Cunmngbome of Kilmaura, 1^ a CSiarter 

'^^kited 1S19^ In 1576f it belonged to Logan ofj^talrigy whose 

• other I^rge possession^ in -the LothkuiB and Berwidiishire were 

soon after forfeited, and probadiily this place akow The next who 

; appears as Laird of Grugar, was Graham of RnockdoKan^in 160&: 

.then Campbell t>f Loudoun, in 16l3$-^Boyd of Kilmaraockf in 

161§, downto 16^, and how much longer is not to oaa known. 

^ It has been in various hands since, of whom the Orra of 3<u^o«fi^ 

: had it considerable time ; then 4^e repreaentatiyes of Sir Geoi^ 

Colebrook ; (tnd* lastly, the present proprietor, Afe» Blane. It does 

not appeal! that there was ever upon it u' manaiol^4lOtt6e• 

I^iLMABMiCK Baron Y4 — ^This valuable property^ (ipdudiogihie 

elands of Bondington, now Bonnitoti adjacent^) extenda tojt]|(wa!rd9 

of 2350 acres, and was the patrimonial possession of Jobn^ BaUiol 

King of Scots, on whose forfeiture by that more eii«rgetic.PiiQi<^ 

Robert firace,it was conferred on Sir Bdbeii^Boyd,.by Cbarlb^ 

&om 1^08 till 1816, and remained with hisdescendante, with.llttl^ 

■ intermission, till the Glencairn family acquired it.fcom tit^epi, 

sometime i&ja 1?52; — from whom it ivas^ Hft? by 

^bo Commissionieirs^^ofMiss* Scott, and i^now the property gf 

her husband the Duke of fbrtiandMi.>with-th£ exceptimi of:lll)ftt| 

on«-eightk part that' is parceled oUt amO)|g dkfecfiiQt .owners,. 

[Sq9 Table of Valued Rent.j It » situated ib. fhe hmx^ ^ t\t^ 

parish, on bot^' sides of the Water of Kilmarhoicl^ ;~7t^. .feOSJA 

itself being set down upon it The soil is remarkably gOsQudu: 

, ' CaACFua2>LAKD.^See Tenwick parish, where the gf^tH^TJB^^ 
of thia^ estate is situated. About .400 acres, of tbe^bof/b ^f i^ jbf^ 
over, are in this; as also is themanor-^aoe, CraufuzdlaodllOf^^^ 
part of which was erected a^HMit 8 9r 10 yeaias Jigib in tn tfBiiifl^ 


Bt3^ tx^dditibott with the andentivrfealice indttdgd within th« 
saibe^mdflsiofi. It is in a fine •ituakion^on tfassteep Imnki-of % 
ikUI^C, Umid nraeb w^odlaod^ ami has a yeiy pietiiraiqiie aod 

" '-* AfliikiOssK— Widi its mansicm^a plain low 6ilifi(»---49$jk9fi«itlji 
sfelf' down among some i^ery thriving plantation, on tbe.c»st sid^ 
df^He ivteter/ on the stunmtt of its shelving Jbanju, - ^It b^ng^Kl 
for kki^ti& tL ikmilj ot the same name^ or of Asslois o£ that H^ 
then in 1702 and> 1708, to a branch^ the ]!4iVitgoin.er7 iaat^^ 
The present pcoprietor is-Wiiliam Parker, £sq. 

On the east: sid^ i^f.the wa^i: ace situated also the lands of 
Wj9i^9^ i — ^the Blackwoods ; the Berryhill ; and Sneddon-hall ; 
which iast is situated pr^y-farup among the moors, ahdcom-^ 
piehends^alftiost tiie only moorish lands- in . the parish* Tb^ 
lands of jQirMbead are. on the same side of the water, but situated 
lower do^n,^being close upon the town* Altogether, these 5 or 
6 properties «oiitoin among them, nearly about 1000 acres* . 
^ BowALtANv-^Part of this ancient Barony is also in this parish, 
and on the west side of the water, and in the most northerly 
quarter* The ma];^or-plaae is in this parish too, but soii€»r is k 
to 'th« borders of the parish of Fenwiok, that pact of the officer 
are included |a it. . 

AKNANmxx— -Is situated ako on the west side of the water» 
«s jare ihe Langland^s^ and Bonniton, all belonging to Mr* Duaw 
]ep, and all good landmria the immediate- vicinity, of the towm 
A considerable wii^ of the AnnanhiU lands is situated adjaeen^ 
in the patish bf ^Kilraaurs. The Isittds of HiUhead, siti;i9ted Q8 
riieflamr tH^, ly> northwards from the town, and belong* t6 -Mrl 

Toughs - . : -^ fO 

! iCaiiSKBiTH C now called tl^Q Mou^t ; and the lands of ^r^sng^ • 
jeontetminons taeach^thee^-Huse situated from the towQ vc«tii|a^ 
4Hkl^ lower dbW, extending to the i^ater of IrVin 
%«&t. at It long time bad:> the property of the family of Hamilton 

KItMdRyoCK.] or Cttimillglmikt. 9m 

ifterwards of Grange, from wbom k went to a brapob af.tjl»je Oui- 
aiftgliaiiies, and latterly to the DanIop8» from 'whence hi X^VI it 
was purchased by Uie CoaBmumoneca of Miss So^t The othef 
was the property of the Hamiltonsy after they sold CansMftht^And 
ismaiMd jn^ the ftmily tUl 1 192, when the pnewit Qolop^d Ho- 
toiltOD of Grange -aoSdit to Miss Scott also ; and thus th^ bnve 
bolii taaeome the property ^f the Dofco olP Fc^ctkHid* Hiqr iBt* 
tenditd more than d60 ^orea of exeeUenl landy inqimbent oa> 
seme of the finest wodung ooal in-AynhkO)* 


FHgfirtus. Pftprkters. WntmlXMr 

^ A 4* i> 

^ fBoimyton, Ice* ? • Mr. Dunlop, * « 1<5 8 4 

;^ I Brodmbracs &c. - - Craufardlaftdi • - « 59 19 It 

o J Borelandy.. • > • Mr; TergossoOj • • 40 9 

S I Hillhead, - -Mr. Tough, -' - • f 5 6 6 

iS V.Struther$.hili; *^ - Witeon^Robert60ii> * ' M l» < r j 

. _ ■ H68 IS 4 
Camskdth, Grange, Braeheadi Sil- "5 f|„v^^f p^rf ia,wt 

Cougar, with CainricUulli - - William Blane, Ea^. • m 1581 18 8 

Rowallan/ ... Lady Loudoun, • • 819 0' d' 

CkaufmUand, port of, Ic Mwkkttd- J. U. Craufwrd, Ei q», . ^ 9.78 1 « « 

Langlands^ - • - James Dunlop, Esq. 165 4 

Aaaaohill, , • • - - Ditto, • - • 64 10 

•«-.-«~*^ 889 14 

Aldoss, • - m WnUam Parker, Esq, • •» '166 S 5 

Walstone^ • « • Mn Warner of Ardeer; • • 96 6 "il 

Blackwood, Laighy, . . Mn WiUiaitt Mifebab. -* • 74 14 .0 

IhyrolliUI, <r •' • Mr. Barr, . . • • 40 iD O 

ISundry parts, • • . Mr. Fo«lds of Skirnieland;' 'w 84 5 ^ 

BhckwM^ ^ . « Bbr. Boyd,; ;* ; w SO 11 

BtdrybiU» * - * * Ditto, • • S8 ' 8 ^ 

-■ i *M.'14t 

GUMram, • « « Mr; Andrew, . .. • • 87 |/( ' « 

TenplffbQ, • , • . M^ Steven, - - • • 26 0"D 

ladgsfaill, -' • -Mr^ Gregory, • • * 8».^*I 1 

GnaddMbfialli -» • • Mr. HMnMs-tfit^t' • iT ^,4^^ 

ISwm of jDlaiinm^ and iigdry small sub|e^;m the viciruty, • 806 '6 1 


774 8 t 



ntEEHOLsms ^t^AMVi^TO vprs. 
WrtUAM Blame of Grugajr.^-Wifciuw FAKKf9 q( 

anti4ttitint.»I^M-CA6TLK; the aneieiifc . Ye9t4e|M8 of the 
once potent fjuDily of Boyd,£ftrt of Kilnuuiiook, k aiUi«ted> about 
half a mile up fraoi the town, in aiiollov new tke xrbt^ <ii 
Kilmarnock water. It consists of tbre«edijk)0»4iaTefycUi^t«nl» 
styles of baildiog. Two of them are square piles of greathei^^ 
with extremely few Hgbts, and apparently very antnent* The' 
other is comparatiTely 'Biodern : forms two sides of a square* of 
two stories in heigh};, avid ramai^ably well fUmished with win- 
dows* aOj^asit must, when entire, ^ve been a very ch^or^ babi- 
t»tioin. .It was accidentally burnt to the, ground in 1735jthn>u^ 
the carelelsnisss of a~ maid-servant, in the hancBii^ of some flax. 
This hl^)peDed at a time wlien the unfortunate .JIarl (who was 
involved in ^e BcbeHion ID 1745i) was in Frwicej.KDd oi> his 
way hpmewani received the first intimation of (U by »ei»iflg an 
account in a newspaper of a Dean> Castle ia Scotland being con- 
sumed by fire — ^without stating in whatpart of the country, so 
t3ja(i]e was'not aware that : it was his own^ till he arrived iit 
England. See a concise account of this family in th« «{^>aidix. 

Peati 4Cn»tl^ 


ot Cttfinin^me* 



L .1 *. - t 

• I 

I • 

f - * 

jILMAURS parish is situated betwixt^ that ^f Kil« 
marnock on the east, and Bregiiornt>n the west, 
terminating in a point betwixt them on the north« 
east ; and on the south it is bounded by the water 
of Irvine, whieh separates it from' Kyle. The length 
of it, from sw. to ne« is about 6 miles, and jbhe greatest breadth 
across, to that direction, is about 2 miles' anct a quarter. It ex« 
tends to nearly 9 square miles of siiriace. 

9tt)etft|^»— Coal is wrought tto ft' conisiderable extent in the 
lower end of the parbh^ nearto the^vfllagevof<>ars^ouse; and 
in that quarter too itbere is u FaeEsroiiB .quarry on the laiiuds of 
Woodhill and. Greenhill, of among the finest quality of any in 
Scotlttid. It is much i^ed in ornamental works in bmlding, ai^ 
la even applied to the purpose^of coolers and other ves8el8:finr 
the dairy. 

, Ji^9il-7-Deep and fertile throughotitr there not b^ing an acie. 
«f bad land in the pari9h. 

lElO8O0«-^It is we)l Mcomnodated 'witk tQropIhe und otiiter 
public roads, all well kept-^-thoughifrreqpifes much attention «i 
the Trustees, as rD»a-metiil* espQfUAl]i^;4ne4MTitl,;i9#carc^ bkA 
the sou so apt to get; mii^ '■ > ' -> • ' 

5 CrO^/ilCtlStllH^^-^e $trong iptl>of rdttspwiab t^nrach 
adapted to the pvoduction of .'i^^^Bjulr aiNl .BKAMs»:biit stUl the 
Dairy predommates* .9Qd.Tiujifte heit* m cvteiy wheie-tbeoiD 
Ciinmii^|^nie><u jMibservieBt to;paataii^ 

5 £ 

., - V 

» *■ 4 \J 

3t6! PA«rictJLAR vtAcvcmon ^ [Tatish of 

jSftritffc I ^^^^ ^^^ gardens^ 56 f 

parwe. tRoads,&(% 66j ""^^^ 

Utile S&tOC&i~-Little tO; remark — excep| merely that the 
milch-cows are among the best kept in the District, not from any 
peculiarity in the breed, but from the general warmth of this low- 
lying parish, and abundance of provender, they are little liable 
to suffer from either cold or hunger. The, numbers respectively 
of the Li vie Stock are as under : — 

Horses of every descrlptioh,.... ^... 147 

Do. of Cattle, • 944 

Do. of Sheep,).. ••«««•*•. •••l«.« 150 

Swine fed: yearly,4..... •«..«•• «.••*••.••. 260 - 

ToW^ OF KiLMCAURS-^IS^pl^santly situated on the right bank* 
of the small wateif of Carmel, about 6 miles'NE. from Irvine, and- 
2 miles nw. from Kilmarnock. It "consists chiefly of one street/ 
abbut 500 or 600 yards in length, bftving a small Town-house in 
the middle with a steeple^ and dock. It waB erected into a Burgb^ 

ft w _ _ ' 

of Barony by a- Charter from James V. (inter 1513 et 1542) i» 
ikvour of 'Cutbbert E^rl of Gleificairn, whi^h contains a right also 
to a consideirable territorial possession that shall be afterwards 
taken notice of. Suffice it here to state, that this town from be^ 
ing once famed for cutlery-work, has now no tradesman in tha(^ 
aft^i^the predominant craftsmen at present being weavers and 
shoemakers. The number of inhabitants in 1793 was 514, silicas 
thiU; time it has increased more than 200, among whom4te. 

* T eavero,«M«ww«wRM«iMwwMw \j\3 
Shoemakers,;,,, , ,„.^ 42 

' ' JL ayiOrS, mtt»»tmmm»*f* «ww a 


, 9mmmmrmmmmm.H 


FJesher,. i. „ ^ I' 

Surgeof:^ i^m'^^.t^ >. Xx 

• Li- the country parts -of the parish there are 24 quan^jnuen/ ^ 
Goalien^ SMasons, 5 Smitbs,^^ WHghtSr and>2 Tavlora. - 

The pc^u^tion of the town is^ *<... 719 ).H|5 •, 

And in the couQti!jj.t,MtH«*«««t«*M *«u««M»f»..« .Tggj a dWi a 

« # 



J MltLMAtlRS.1 OF Cunningliatm; ^ 96r 

Education. — There are three schools in the parish ;~.the pa- - 
rochial in the town, a private one in the same^ and another in 
the village of G>rsehouse) having iri all 205 scholars. 

Poor*— There are from 14 ta 20 on the permanent roll, be-( 
sides 6 or 8 that get occasional relie£ The ^um expended an-^ 
nually on them is about £52. In cases of great pressure the 
heritors are never backward to contribute; but nothing in the 
shape of a rate, or assessment, is known. 

^Infetetiflf— since the Revolutiota. * 

NAMfiS; ADMrrtEd, Dl£0,&e. 

David Brown, 1688. - 

Hugh Thoinson,........July 21. 1691:... D^mit Nov.l2. 1712K: 

John Millar, September 25. 1718. Died 1721. 

Hugh Cochran, ..March 7. 1723....,.,.».^ 1733. 

Samuel Fergusson,....March 27. 1734........i — — 1735. 

William Coats,.; ;.May 3. 1739. , Died May 2. 1777. 

Alexander Gillies,....March 11. 1778...... Nov. 26. 178®; 

Alexandeir Millar,.... May 8. 1788. ^ Dec 22;>1804» 

John Boxbuigh^ ..March 20. 1806. 

^i00ent9<^* — The only class df these^ who have a meeting-^ ' 

hoiise in this parish, are the Aiitiburghers. ■ They have been 

heresince IQ'^Ot-^lmost as far back as the ^x>iinneDcement of 

• _ _ 

the Secession. ' Their present minister, the Rev. David Robert- ~ 
aoiiy was admitted in 1810. Th^ have a neiat place of worship^ - 
bdilt in 17899 capable of holding 450 people, together with a 
hiindscmie manse for their minister* The congregation consists 
at-" preseiit) (besides, occasional hearers), of 250, of whom 230 avQ ^ 


• • » • ' . ... 

• • • . .1 ' . 

♦ TKe"^CY, D. Smjtanc was the first that was established hert, or indeed in Ayr-^ 
$hire. .This was^tn liiO. ' Thfr ctog^gation vrM then scattered over m great extenr 
of country^ 12 or 14 miles ..around;'^ The congregations of Kilmarnock; Stewarton^ : 
Kilwinning, Newmiilsi and Ayi^, vnere, bt^inalljr, branehes of that of Kilmattrs, an4 ' 
were'in succession disjoined from it— so soon as, from the increased their mimbeiv 
ttitf 'virefe enabled so to do, dioogh still continuing in^ the same communion. Some 
<{ae$tieih*dFafi»lemieiI'aatiire/8«piio8ed generaUj to-be' of little importancej arose to. - 
doturb Acir unauimitjrf ud ia \1&^ Mu Smftunt mUunccd Jm cwn^tioiiwitb thel 


Cjettat^jtf and iFamilicaBt. 

Babony op KiLMAtJRs.— -This very valuable property 1$ situaU 
ed all around the tQwo of -Kilipaurs^ but, extends more ividely 
towards the east, ^he norths and the west sides. It conttdns up- 
wards of S300 acres, nil of a de€^ and fertile soil ;Of this5 oiKMie 
than 1500 acres are in4he parish of Dregborn, alld^the rest in 
this-^-exdusive of what is called the Tenem^its, to be ^iflervntrds 
noticed. Before it was reduced by different alienations by the 
Glencairn family, it was stilLmore extensive, asJt comprehended 
the lands of Cunninghamehead and other distinct properties in 
Dreghorn .parish, being originally one of the best Baronies in the 
west of ScptJAud^vwhen it wassconferred by the de Morville fa- 
mily on. the .ficst of the Oniminghantes, in the beginning of the 
' 12th, eaitury* The manor-plaoe is supposed ^.haye; been at 
.£rst about a QiUe .$E. from Kilm»i)rs where some ruins can stUl 
sbe. pointed fti|t€in the farm ofJock's/niorii,. probably the origi- 
iutl;ViUamide.'Cunningh9Xn the^rptpossession of the family.*— 
The^present mansion of Kilmaurs Place, thoi^h^paitly in rninsy 
is; comparatively ^nodem. ^The . wholie Barony -now belongs to 
Lady Mary Montgomery J3iu*gess, whose gr9ad&ther,.Alexai]^ar 
ninth £arl of EgUnton, purchased it from the Glencairn fw^ly 
aboat 100 years ago. 

t'^oBBRTON. — ^Tbis Barony extending to more tbftD- 1300,apre8 
all rich land is situated souCbwards fiom the town at tbe dij>tan<^ 
of nearly a mile, and stretching southwards stHl; fi»ther» to ibtf 
Irvine water> which bounds it moare than t2(iEO;mile8. : It:bel<tn^[ea 

Antiburgher Syno4, which occasioned a sdiism in -Ma own congwg«tioii, ia which, tto 

Associate fimod^ to «llthrir Professor of Diirinitj> Cb^r in Edfll>u^^ 
tdbj Mr. Robertson^ a» abgve^ in iSlO. 

^ * A short notice o{ the Glencairn £sunilf^ will apf^aria the An)tiidia;^in^bi4>^ 
ctmciae aocount oC thci>Campaiga»of WiUiamthe Qreat Ead in:i«5S Md Jft5l^.%0l 
a geaninrMS* only part'Of wbicA hM hitbeM 

KILMAVRS.] OP Cunnittfi(&*n^ sm 

£ot ages to the Eglinton familj, but with tlie exceptim of about 
300 acres, has lately been parcelled out amoiig a tfunfiber oTptH^ 
prietors, as may be seen in the Table of Valued ftent. I'hereis 
no manor-place upon it, and perhaps thete nevet iiras. Ptobetbly 
it bad been at one time a wibg of the more ancient batouy of 
Kilmaursi and dismembered from it tm seme occasion of' ntgetfl 
pressure, to which great estates are judt m liable at lesser poaAes^ 

BuslTY.— This property belonged for a lobg period heRrife 
the year 1600 to a family of the name of Molrat : the last of 
whom that I find in any Retour^ is in 1626. It was aflerwaids* 
possessed by a family of Barclays for a long tithe also. Bbth irerg 
allied by intermarriage, with the first &miK^ in the country. 
The ancient house is still standing,- but is roofless and seema to 
be in a state of rapid decay. The style of building seems t&his^ 
long to the middle of the I4th century— having both gtai-^p^Ms 
and arrow-^slhs in the walla as means of defence. The atfli^tte 
decoration of the iwiited table in the architraves, indicates' tt)ftf 
same era. The extent of this barony is from 700 ttt^ 800^ aicifes; 
The southern part of it belongs to the Duke of Porl}ant^^-*pikrt 
of the barony of Roberton is interposed betwixt this and th^ 
northerat division of it, belonging to Heiiry Ritchie, Esq, riiater- 
nally descended from the Eglinton family. This portion is mote^ 
than two thirds of tfhe whole. There is no niiansion tfp^B it, 
(Mr. Ritchie residing oti a separate small property in tJie tidftJir 
ty); but from the different dumps of beautifuLphmtatioft, arran- 
ged with great taste on the highest part of the lands, it dtotdd 
se^fn that a mo^e i^uitable' mansion either is, ot haa beeb,- m cdn^ 
tem{>latiQfny and no ^ere couM a finei^ site be chosen. 
\- TnoitNTON.-— AdjacenttJo Busby,^n the west, ihis prepay fe 
sitaated. The extent is nearly 300 aeres. The mansion ia if 
n^erh Handsome edifice, on a height surrounded with eottml- 
0rable plantiitions, overiobking a great expanae' of cbuntry- 

5 F 

390 * PA Wriftn AR DESCRI FTION [ Parish '4)Jl 

In former times it belonged to a branch of the family of Mont- - 
gpmery, descended of Murtbaw^ who appears in the Ragman 
Roll in 1296. They lost it by forfeiture in the reign of James ^ 
V. at which, time the only daughter of the family was married to^ 
Sir Alexander Hamilton of Innerwick. [See Nisbet ] It belongs f 
now to Colonel Cunninghame of Caddel 

Craio. — Southward from this, and extending jto the Water of- 

Irvine, this property is situated, belonging to Robert Morris,^ 

Esq: Including some lands adj^ent, lately purchased^ the extent 

is more than 30Q acres, besides 6ome thriving woodland. In 1 57&t 

it belonged to . William Dunlop, heir to his grandfather Adam, 

Dunlop, of Craig,^ stated to be part of the barony of Roberton.^ 

In 1^18, David Mylne, goldsmith in^ Edinburgh, is retoured in it. 

as heir to his^ brother, called also David Mylne, minister of Dun-* 

donaId« . In 1780 it was acquired from Dalrymple of Nunraw< 

in East Lothian, by ,Captain John Morris, brother to the present. 

proprietor. The > House . was soon after burnt, when the pre*. 

sent .mansion was erected at a little distance west from the site. 

of the old one, and is pleasantly set down on the top of a pretty. 

steep bank on the .north* side of Irvine Water, and commanding- 

a. very fine prospect over the country to the west and south*. 

Carmsl. Bank — A snug residence, on a pleasant small pro-« 
perty, is situated on the left baoks of the Carmei, in the near, 
neighbourhood of the last, two houses mentioned. . It was an-^ 
ciently called the Moat It belongs to John Cunninghame, Esq. i 

TowEa,— ^This very pleasantly-rsituated property lies at a shorts 
distance south-east from the town. There i&an elegant small, 
mansion on it, of modern erection. It belongs to Wm. CathcarL 
Esq. who is proprietor of pfurt of the lands lately sold, of Rober-^ 
ton barony, and of other subjects in the parish. There are many 
lesser possessions belonging to sundry proprietors. See Table. ^ 
The Tenements of Eilmaurs.-— These singular sort of pos-^ 

sessions we.c9n&ected with the town of Kilmanrs itself as a. 


or CttttttittslKnitf* 


Birgh of Barony. By a Charter from the Earl of Glencaira, and 
bis son Lord Kilmaurs, dated 15th Nov. 1527) it appears^ that 
the £5 land of Kilmaurs,. consisting of 240 acres^ (28Q in fact^} 
was disponed to 40 differeot persons in feu-farms on payment of 
80 merks (Scots) yearly, or 2j{nerks for eachlot^ with an exclu- 
sive privilege to these^ feuarSf ^^ of buying or selling, of brewing 
^^ or making malt, and of aU other art, or trade, as that of shoe-* 
^^ makers, skinners, earpenters, woolsters, &c/' This ^rection^ 
seems to have been ihtended\to bring into this place as many 
tradespeople as possible, and -the conferring on them of these* 
lands at such an easy rate, to have been meant as a help and an 
encouragement unto them^^ But it does not appear to have had' 
that effect. Giving^ them two diistinct occupations — husbandry. 
and handicrafts-^WRS putting them under two masters, neither of 
wbidi would be .well served, and such iii fact has it turned out; — 
while their husbandry has been very indifferent, and some of 
their original trades have failed altogether. 

Hnt((lUitiejBf»— There is an old pile of building, near to the 
church, on the lands of "To wer^ seemingly a Tery ancient erec- 
tion— but for whoscL, residence, even tradition has little to say^f 
The burial aisle of the Glencairn family, closei)y the church, has 
in it an elegant monument erected to the memory of the Chan-^^ 
oellcp:, William, the ninth Earl, which may be mentioned as a spe- 
cimen of beautiful ancient sculpture, to which little regard is ^now 
paid by his representatives, being exposed to the delapidajtions of 
every thoughtless or ill-disposed intruder. Busby Castle is already, 
taken notice of. The view of it given, possesses at least the^- 
merit of being a fair representation uacontaminated with f|ctici<>^- 
ous accompaniments. 


BoBSRT Morris of Craig 
WiujAM Cathcart of Tower 

Henry Ritchie of Busby 
JouM CuNKiNGHAXE of Caddcl 1 








Eilmaurs, part of 


Ladv-Marr Montgomen Bu»e4S> 

1153 8 

GatehMd, &c. &c. 


EarlofEglinton, - - V jfiSM 



WiHUmCMlKart,-E«4. . •, 


Muirfielda and Corsehousei 

DukeofPortland* - . - 


Ptanm and Haylid^J, 


GUcfai*^E»q. - - 



Mr».FouU<, ^ t- ^ - 




FuTton, Esq. - ■ - 


WiiMhredge, - 
Rash-hill Park a«d M«Utoo, 

Akiibidn aiuith, . . - 

Robert Morris, Ek^ - . 




Mr. 5amea Kirkwood, 



. . 

'Mr- RoDCtti BiDVCiv * " 


Total of Roberton, 







Robert MoTria.'Etq. - - 

■ . 

9S» 6 


Busby and Annandale, 

Duk« of Portland. - 


♦1* <> 



Henr7 Ritdiie. Esq. 




John Cuimmghame, Esq. - 





152 7 



WiUiam Cathcart, Esq. - 


126 4 



Ditto, - - 


4S 15 



Coraet Rabtim, 




HaUbarns. &c. 

Patrick Warner. E«t 



Cannel Bank, - 


9« 6 


Bogside, part of 

Heirs of Min Bo^d, 


43 19 


Ditto. - - 

Peter Cochrane, 

. ■ 

43 19 


Habbie Auld, 

James Cuthbertson, 



AswinhiJl, pait of 

Jaraea Dunlop; Esq, 


30 \& 


John Loudoun, 

- _ 




William Brown. 


to 0- 


Linda a flee. 

John Cunninghame, 

■ - 




Mrs. Armour, 


40 Tooements of KUin 


About 30 proprietors, 


:al L. 


,5188 12 


"BUiSfiB Cflifftle, 


w €imni»8l)ftmf< 

:f>ARISH OP Pil^^Q^I^. 


[HIS ^ufsh is separated from the* parish of Kihnaurs 
on the east) thtough its whole extent, by the Gaw- 
reer bum. It toudies upon the parish of Fenwidc 
in the iK>rth««ast ; on the north it is bounded Irr 
the parish of "fitewnton^ and the Anfiock Water, 
which water also separates it on the west /rom the parish of Ir^ 
vine, except in a small corner in the {K>uth*west, where the lands 
pf lyirryhdme in*that pariah ^re si t uated. cwi.t|>eleftbfiq]1^8, ^tb^ 
' ftnsjutt': on the south the water of Jrvine separa^lt fr{^ ^the 
pariah, of j^undonald in K^^Ie, In extent it^js £roni^7, to<&.jiit]jgs 
in lenffth from sw. to ne. the breadth is from 2^ miles to little 
more than half a mile. The extent is about 9 square miles. In 
this is included the ancient parish of Peirston> annexed to it in 

^inetaitf. — In the lower end df the parish, from the village 
westward. Coal abounds, and till of late was wrought pretty ex- 
tensively, — ^from 10,000 to 12,000 tons a year beiiig put ouL A 

^FkEESYOKE^ of excellent cjuality ia* wrought on the lands df An^ 

» » « • ^^ • • * 

iko<^ JL^odge.; and on the lands <^ Buston, in the utmost extro^- 

mity of tfie parish, >n the norih-east, a iLimestoke quany of good 

quality has 'long» been opened, and supplies a tra(^ of eountiy in 

that quarter. 

'f$dli~^In tiie vicinity t$lhe vilh^ of *Dreghora the soil is, 

f A general, . a very -fertrle loam. North-eastward from thence^ 

through the ivhole extent of that']»ng wing ^ the pttish» the 

«o$l i» hieavy sndideep^ and gtufMsnilly y&f prodoe^Te^ lalbe 


<WI rARTlOULAR DEflC&IfTION [Porkh of 

lower end of the parish, west and south from the village, the soiK 
is very various. In some places it is a very fertile loam, and in 
others a poor, hungry gravel, of very little natural worth-*-not 
graduating, these two kinds, into each other, but scattered through* 
out in separate di&tinet patches.- 

BOStljBf* — The turnpike roads, and principal parish roads^ are 
commodiously directed and well kept Some of the private, or 
rather,:less frequented .tracts, remain still very bady-but-are all 
ill progr^jss of improvement. 

CropjS CttJitiiiateO*— rPpT4TOE3 are* more. generally grown in 
this paiiish th«n are commonly done in the others; owing to 
its viqinity to .the town of Irvioe, as many of the inhabitants 
tl^ere raise th^r famU^ wpply in this^.^ Wheat of ccmrse,^ as 
succeeding in rotatipn, h somewhat more extensively <sown too. . 

^^ l.:Wood9J»Ddgw:deii*.....«'. 122 ^ ***^ 

*^"^^***^' tlioads, &;p 61 

t.iKtt ^tO(&«— Nothing peculiar to be reeaarked. . - Tbe whole • 
appeals to be as uoder : . ..•..•: f 

Horses of all descriptions,. 170. 

. Cattle ditto, .«.....«.<...<...'>.. 84a^..w , 

Sheep;......^,*...^...*.." • «».*..... 136 r . ,, fed yearly,.. .«.M«Mf> m.*4..«**« 224 . .. . 


ViLLAQE OF. Drsohorn-^Is situated about & mfiles east ilroflf 
Irvine, on the road to lUlmarnocL It is a long straggliog^pjacet 
built without oijderior de^igPj.woKl.contains. about 190 inhabitants* . 
Th^ church hereis, ^ i^^ip^^tjagoni^l^Jb^uilding^ jCaloHlatect to hold 
commodiously 427 sitters. • . « 

FopyLATioNt — ^e . nuAibor of lieQple i in d^fr .Munti^ - 'parta 
amounts to about .:608, to which,, adding. the. niupber a^a^p^oveia 
the village, makes the.wboli^tapEHHiQ^ t;Q. about 799, ali of wh<>m 

iu>y«be cpn^ijIftr^/iM^vQtry Ff^fiin; b^lMigjwg tooths dw».«^- 


jfBEOBORN.] OF Cunningliame; 393 

busbandmen^ tbere being no more trades people than such as are 
required in the parish itself for country purposes^ namely :•*- 

onoemaKersy ■■■■■»in.>wnwi »< o 


State of Education^jt— The parish school is-the only one in 
it In this the number of scholars varies from 40 to 65. In a 
great part of this long-extended parish^the distance is too far for 
children to attend the parish school*. They are much nearer to 
Stewarton and .Kilmaurs. . 

State of tpk PooR.-~The pauper list generally contains from 
12 to 18 names, i^Qcluding occasional reliefs. The distributionii^ 
tftke place monthly;^ apd the ordinary aUowance^to each pauper 
i£ varied according^tp their particular circumstances from 4s. to 
lOs. per month— oile blind man gets 6d per diem-~but the poor 
are increasing in - number. . There ijs about £50 yearly distri- 
buted among them; " r 

♦ S0inisi^f^Xtt-r'mkce ihe Revolution* 


Jdhh Spalding,.... 1687. Trans, to Kirkcudbright. 

Robert Ybnng,;... .1... September 6". 1692'.'.. 

Alex. CupBuighaine,.Septeinber -17^ 1695.1 Died 1712. 

James Semple, .^..May 7: 1718m..~....... Died Feb. 9. 1752.1 

Andrew M'Vey,„..,.May.l0..1753........... — — July 4. 1769.; 

Ikfichael Tod,... m... April '5. 1770. ..— — Aug. 15. 1801. . 

Atidrew flaldane,.....MaY 13. 1802..;. — —Jan. fl. 1820., 

xr^u^^ c^uu VGBil'tobeniodrirated'V' 

Kobert Smith,.....,.. J s^^^j^^^ j^ jg2^j |.^ . 

Oftitatesf antr jr amilieiEf. 

DiteGHOBK-proper. — ^The extent of this barony in the more 
WQcient times, caiinot now* be traced ;. but prior lo the Brucean < 
cotitest it' belonged to ♦'John d^ Ball. "fTilirim' de Ferrariis, 6fc. 
JiShxi li^ Suche.*" The Vt^hol^ (estates of these personages having 
Iteei^'forf^ted-iit tiiirt time by Itdbeit Briice; tHi^ was cbnfetedl 

^ 9 .^W^h .flif 4^|ft^,|! of BoT^Hin.rr3ir ^]^. J^wM -^ 
Dr^^Vn? mfeo was J^ijled ftt :the b^ttjp of Sali^wa'WW jp, 1^83. 
It continued in his faRai\jF (#^rwards Egirla Qf,Daritl|^ and Len- 
,nox) till IS^f.'vhexi .^jt wa^.acq^uired by Hughdfint iE^rl of Eglin- 
tctfi, in whose 'fiiBaUy it -.Mill remains. It extends tq .more than 
609 acres. 

KiLM4URS Baro^v. — Of thisi ^eat baropy— hu[ alreftdy .^tate^ 
in the accoifnt of the greqefiiD^ pi^rish'— mor^ thftQ 1^00 9cres 
are situated in thiis. It occ^pie;^ tbp .most c^is^nt auart^ 9^4^j^ 
)vhoIe— extending ta the bordecs of the paris^ ofPenwiclfc, be^ 
yond the town of Stewar^on, — a sn^^l part pf it also beiqg m* 
eluded in that parish, tt is^ all fertile Iaqd« Part of it, th^ Lamr 
bruchtbns, is among tl\^ best of the \(rhoIe. T^is part bj^lphged 
also ill the end of the I3th\ceptunr to the iH-j^ted W^IIigm^d^ 
JPerrariis and Alap la Suche, who are ^I^vaj^s cojmoin^ 
?same^lands in the forfeiture dl those tiipes. 

W4awicK-m£L.-^This property is situated betwixt the rb^rc^ 
ny of Kilmaurs and the lapds^ ofDreghorii. ^is also was pari 
of the lands forfeited from. Jol^n l^rol, and his relative <!e Fer- 
xyiis f^ndlaSpche, [s^epp/4Jj^p^^^ andconfen^.«j ^ J^VfK^ 
tTie Steward*' by Robert ^ryce^ip.iipiei^lj part of jiU^r^ig^ ^ 
was a yp^ng^r l)rother .<?f $ir AUn of Dreghoro, j^ad albpgjndth 
him .was killed at the battle of ^Halidown^hilK He had also the 
lands of Periston (now l^irceton) In the .vicinity. I^ jiyas. suqj^ 
ceeded by his son/John, wh(^s^^4&i^']^r/inid H^^ 
^Peirqeton lands^ in pa^^rtjji^ary toil^ic jhp^ a Sir ^yiljliafyi 
pougtasi from whona it wentyiby.marr^VialsOy £o the lHarclayii. 
Tliere appears to have l^eep t^o WArwi^rhillst one called the 
^ Merk Land; ^nd the.other the 5. , J^erk It^ l^J^ ^^ 
came i»t an,eac\y jperipil thrp ^rpp^rty pf .the Ciini)ioj||i999il|i^ 
jTamil^,' at least as far bj^.iis 1^84, when WifUwi Cffl ffOfill fffi y 
^^s iretoured heir^ol|iis fiither Eob^rt io^k. The ,^ J^|^ I^pfl 
iTO. latterly the proper^ pf MoBtgont^ejjy. of Jp^tff^j^^ili^ 

' ■ * » • * 

w •> •• 


t)p Cunntosbcmit 


how early a periodi My information does not rieach ; but in ike 
course of the last 100 years the succeeding proprietors in both 
appear to be thus :— «In 1721 Sir W. Cunninghame of Cunning- 
liameheadi add the 4 Merk Land of Warwickhill, and the supe*- 
riority of -some of the Dreghora lands, to John £dmestone after*^ 
.wards minister of Cardross. In 17^7 Patrick Montgomery of 
3ottrtree4iill sold the 5 Merk^nd of Warwiek-hill and others 
to the same Mn Edmestone. In 1778 John, the son of the above 
Mt. Edmestone, sold both Ae Warwickhillsand others to Jona- 
4han Anderson, merchant m- Glasgow, whoin 1790 sold them to 
ihe present proprietor, William Henry -Ralston, £si|i with^the 
;exception. of Muirside, previously sold to John Fairlie, and now 
'pittchased by Captain Shaw ; and a small pendicle, adjacent to 
ihe Holttpmill lands, sold to Archibald Earl of J^linton ; both 
part of Warwick-hilL . The lands of Warwick*hi]I, as now known 
^iinder that name, eKtend to upwards of 350 aores of remarkable 
.good, heavy soil Therehas lately4>een erected on them a hand* 
•aome BMMisien, set down on the. highest ground ofthewbde^ 
twhidif though of very moderate. elevation, commands an exten«* 
'«ive>proi|pect, while it makes itself a fine appearance in thecQjut^ 
try;. Sllefe does not appear to have^been ai^y mansion previous 
to this, on. these lands. Where the Stewarts had their Dwellings 
jw not kiiown^-iperhaps Feirstop, or, it may be, the ancient For«* 
tdice of Cunniqghameheadi might have been themapornplaiw of 
the whole. 

CuigNiNOflAM£^A]>.-~This fioe property is sifcuated' adjaeent 
toljie preceding, and lying betwixt it and the Water of Annodt 
It consists of about 300 acre* of excelfent land. A family of thjS 
jRame of Cunninghame ;«i^oyed thif jiroperty more than 30D 
grears. '^e first of them, waft a flbcpdd son of the Glencairn fi^ 
jnily, that' branched ofi" from that potent House about the year 
140QL It was originally called Woodhead, but the name was 
changed by this family, to Cunninghameh^aiC^ in allusion to thek 

own^^noC as it would ipdicate^the bend of ths^i^liwickt Thi^ r ^ 


W^idtb A ftirj ttl^gwbbcd appMnnea in ikeit tin^ »nA Irad ak 
ttt(«tlMF veiEy ^t^ii9;ve territones, iqpvead abvoiid tkituigk tho 
4jffm^k ThefiMiHily fidied of iaiue mole, Msrtf a cMtikrjt ^im*; 
€QhmA FUMftBto* of PoUartM, t» Ibe Knaal itepresMtetiire. About 
100 ye«» ago, tke bs^ of tileiih Sfi^ \|i^liiai^ CUnii£iighAn!ei g^k 
lMi0cadb|i«asseGi«:'feoldoti^ patoelliji} ]Nir«el, lii» ^deMiwe^ 4[»>» 
mahhs. nib place, tlie seat «f the fiMnUjFf atiJ ^e kst lM$. a^ 
Bated, was- puisdiaseit i» 172B bjT' the* gvaiacHbtlier of filo- pMsent 
fnop«iator> IffUb BaedgtmB, Ssq^- There'is^ UKMilivmiiaodioas 
iiiaBsiiali. on. it* «;&ated m JtlHIi^.iillici,. at tii« titne^ wouiif b& e»> 
tdaoladk apaongi <te< itioiift dfegaofe itt^^e cotaikig^' IbO'fashkm^ 
flMo tfaem. <^'bkiil£^, kaaait?.raril gwatf)r« w i l bouC addiog< nnidfc 
hbwmmt ^ thft aaqoazMBdatioa. It ia set? flbpm «• «b» (»p4f^ * 
Ulaiadsep. iM^ills of tho> Ikanodr, oioerla«ktiig^ ffooA' anU its v»> > 
WtWtiiV'WKliiia^gwMt awpania o&ammivy. ''■ 
" i JfanyocK' Lofloa-io^Sbai ifoilSm^ «§ thb^ plaMMft po i* fl < iikH » , 
mmkiniti? ito %iikpariafa^ i»««i|Ua(iMk ailjiMMit to «lMt -pMbodKAgr ■ 
anA^estovaid imokif; k^ tii^aiigle fbroMC^'bjr «b# AmmIe^ a»^ : 
IPHMtakflMKiiMnMiip westmMKiv laseotii; A tiMsidiiWbiy pwnAHi ^ 
^H^ ia^silMMcl^ i»l|i9' paiiisk^ oHmeillo* o»dbo> Offp9itlfi'4^«B 
4te>w«l|nt Tlboli<«Mei Ibmnfiit^ eaUted Gnneem^^ is^teffghtiUll y 
4Sir.dofM», iiKHA opamki^ hollne> amitf ite woodi^ ii>ilil> af ftiat^»l»> - 
|HK( MMMliilaidtf, ilt>. tif»fli>W'o£ tlitf atroetti Itbd«»iilgt>A>' Witaw . 
Momg^iMtf, 'Buf, B0it^x4 ihe^I)(t6 A^andbf Mbiifgodtt/ %v)lo j 
«lto next brother to the late Hugh twelfUr £arl of EgHhtikh tttd ' 
MMa ^.tU»iiaitial lervioa* of th» Ease Inditt' C^mptftiy; ]9^died - 
4H: imflL ; By^kis JUdjif BlisalMttlk cUiugklep ol( Jtibo-l^tfl^n "Blk^ 
•ii!(:3o«)i]MaGUand. Abb4»rhaltlD Vtrmimovefoiiid, h6 lieft isaoe; IK 
VllKaor^ Mfbe iia««t^s0r!rtoe afithe Em» Atdlkf Gc^pai^ift 
~ AlffiCMctiir, a Cnplaiit'iii'tlle^llbjFal'Kav^; d# liiigin iiiibe-tiivilU 
il0p9MmeHt ol? tlM Btefr Ibdia Ctatpaoj; #. fltomaa, hM^.iiriL 
Jilttif depa>ttiieBtoftiielitttIndlat<3ompi»}E; 5. Atclltbid(l$«^6L 
i^ltfabelf^ BittmMlfi I8M» to^Oie IMght'Hbilottiabii^ 

tb AlextncKer West Bamilton, Esq.; a. Ck^akMbi IL FvKnati. 

BcmcKMir.*— South from the last tvitor properties mentioned, 
^tm very Triudble prop^y, i» situftted^xOemKng to move than 
500 acres. ISH is aHreodf stated, tha£ thii^ estate vis raduded a^^ ■ 
iBOBg' other landii, ia & grant from BEobert! Bruee^^on the- forfeiture 
of John Bdiloi' snd'htv fdheren^, us Sir .^Etfflesr Stewart of tfae^ 
Bouse of Bonftffll . Fiba him dbseeoMl (fte illtistriotts families 
of the Stewarts of JEiorn^ Amermesdi fmd Atbbl'; also-Sittftit of« 
GnmtuUy, ftom whom hf the presetft LoitP Bdugliis. His eldest : 
son, %rJo&Tr Si^ntrt^ sucueeded htm-ur Peiirston tad tfppedrs as 
a witnea? in* a GBkrter to the Abbey of < ffiiwinaing; date tmeer- • 
tain, but thought* froA odeer dfemffirtanoes, to hs 1S56* ■ Hili 
only daughter maitnd' Sir WiAiam Doi^la^ who appears in a 
€ktHK&f of the Fullarton family^ as Dominus d^ FeiMtm in 1391. 
He laAhis landa« >e h is thp e e ^daaf^ttBra } - r t h e tidest aMmnianiwd- 
toBlMrof Adamtonjr^er fidr to Crawfurd of Tblttli-i;«rei attd 
th«:youngest taRobesCi "Bairhtyo^ tpotent family, iir thoasntiaM^ 
ia tha^wttt of Sfeotfan^ and wha in her right becapar Am>4t.«f 
FdistM and Warwisfi^nil;^ t<8ee Nisbet in>]. 11^ app^ pu t^]; 
,Xhe Baprcll^s continnedto enjoy thUi proper(;y finr wdl o^' JKId^ 
yjBarsiiiticonsiderablespllnidbat;aad were allied (broa^ ittter- 
■marringe with the^fiMt famalies w^4he.couatiy» aod^are qowif 90^ 
|fi«8eiiited l>y 4lBe dhttet^ msfe: desi^dant. Sir Robert Btodii^ of. 
Feirealon. THe propest^ the^i^^ alitoafced in -HSO^^ theg yaa d -- 
^riihes of the> present pisppiietbrr.-John M^XTrediefEsq*. who'^ 
sidbs'On it in an -elegvatp- smt oanaMlodious maB9ion«4)Qito 40Mnr 
;^jQBajE&.ago, aet dowtf near to-the-Adnodc.among^so^e.remarlc- 
"Afy-htf^ oi^ timber. The ancient mansion was situate 'doae 
on the Aonock, adjfu^ent to tfiib present ^e. old garden^ ■ 

BdUBTaEE-BUL lands^^art ofi^is situateeHo this, parish $ Ikut^ 
the house a^ the greater; pwt.of, the= profie,^ i.4n. frdae p»r-~ 
-iah* where it shalL'be taken ]aoti^<p£. . j • . 

(((^ ^fi^ltjirf considetattfer «xCBii^ ^<!t^, l^^^?;fKa ^itUAled^ 



\^Pari$h ^f 

eastward from Cunninghameheady by the Annock water, or 
marching with the lands of Lainshaw. In the lower end. of the 
^parish, westward from the village, are the lands of Righouse, of 
Montgomerieston (or Montgomerjfield), of Warrix and of .Aoss- 
iiolme, all pleasant properties, and^neralljr.good soil This last 
. belonged ioi^ to the Lord Ross of Hawkhead in Renfrewshhre, 
.(from whence probably it had its name) as appears from several 
retouni about the year 1600. There are a few smaller .places 
stHh as will be seen intihe Table of Valued Rent— -Few of them 
preseqt a finer site for a villa, than that of Muirside about half 
a mile east from Irvine, approaching to the Annock Water* . 



jabaiitft (part of the Birooy) 
Diegbam^ proper 
Bdurtree-hHl, pan. 

Tart of Kirkland, 

' O«oin^amehea4» 

Warrix and Righousei 

Roisliolfiieft • 
Temple Lands, 





S s. i. 

• Ladf M. libnigoaierjr Bia]getti 

90M 7 

. Eari of Eglinton, 

• S59 |« 

Ditto, . . . . 

• 458 7 8 

. -J«hii-itf*Gr«die, Eiq. 

7«1 18 6 

. WUlianx Henry RaktAQ* Esq. 

. 454 

Ditto, . . . . 

St % 1 

• Nid SnodgitM, E«q. • • 

> . 400 

- Andrew GemniilyEsq. 

• 1«8 

. William Orr, Em|. ,. • 

. 118 ^0 

. Jlein of David Dale, 

. i^ $2 
. ^80 

• Cbkmd FnUartott, • • 

- •Heirs of Mr. John Brfce^ 

. •• 4 

.• Archibald Foolis, Efq. • .• 


. William Moatgomerj, Esq. 

. 90 

- Heir* of Dr. Flemiai^ • 

8i 0> 

- John Attid, - - • 

92 9 If 

. Archibald Kirkland, 

t 8 If 

• Colonel Cwmunghaaie* •• 


• Colonel Hamilton, • 

« 19 4 


49247 11 Ip 


Neil Snodgrass of Cunninghamehead. 

William Montgomery of Annock LodgCi 

A« Gemmil of Langlands. 

W. R. Ralston of Warwickhill. 

J« GsMMiL younger of LADglands* 

rsrmE,^ h»f cwmtiisdmiit. mn 



|RV1N£ Farkh is wtuatea betwixt, that o^ D<eg|iom 
CD the east; Stevenston oa the we^t; tod those of 
Kilwinning and Stewarton on Ihe north. On the 
south, the Water of Inrine separates it from Dun« 
donaldc parish in Kjrle. The main body of tt [see 
the Map] ia nearly of a square form, of 2^ miles from sw. to ne. 


and about as much &om sn. to nw. whieh would indicate an areft 
of abodt 5 squtire miles. The whc^e extent, being aBcertaihdl' 
^fyom the contents of each property to be 2644 acres, wiU snake ' 
up for any projecting corners in &e actod figare~-a square nnb 
being about 500 acres. 

iKmttti 0]lpeatatlte.-*^eatly a lerei anifatt i^hrangbout s 
* and bounded on aknost afl sides by difierent wntiers and brooks. * 

l^itttC8lK»-^CoAL is ibiind nnder the whole suAce^^has been 
wrougtit in ir^uions places, and may contimie workabie for agcau 
fiinre is an exeettstit HA8i>*MPoiix quarry in tli)9 irictnity of the. 
town, being a species elf ^rnmste^ devoid i>f quarts and haTit^bttt 
at^ry small glistering of mica in tt#eonfpositioo» It iseicei^ * 
kntlyndapted either 'fi>rhatt8e4MiIding or for canseyingofsd'eeCtfL 
' tMit-^In tlie lower parts of thepartrii ni^Mst the town,tiil» 
soil, originally of blowing Sakd^ ha^ been mostly oonTerted 'into 
a ftrtile- loam, throngli cultiiratkm. l^rtfaer inland, towmrda the 
iparisH of Stewarton, a heavy and adhesive Clat prevatisv^Mi wbkk 
also gtnat improvement ion been made by the same iii€luis» 

Croyif CKitiliatCd«*^Owing to borifl^ fiudi agmt popukltioii 

-on the spot, PovAmns are very cxtiQXiaiTe|yeiAtiT<ted; -land i^^ 




[iPoFUh of 

the sandy nature of the soil. Rye to a certain extent is sown, in 

place of Wheat— Turnip too, from the latter cause, enters also 

into the system. See general Table of Crops Cultivated. 

r In tillage, 798T 

ContentiSf Cultivated grass land,; ....•^ 1415 Total 

Of tie < Natural pasture, 210 V 2644. 

jp>an0i)* { Woods and gardens, 169 I acres. 

IRoads, &C. 52] 

ILtDe &tOClt» — Horses of aK^lescriptions,.... 165 

Cattle ditto, ..• 510 

Sheep, , *•... 90 

Swine, fed yearly,.. ••.••••^.. 92 

Population — Poor, &c. &c. — will be seen in the account of 

the Town of Irvine. . 


OBitftateitf and iramilieieF; 

Balgrati — This is the most northerly property in the parisih^ 
It extends to 300 acres of arable land, of a heavy and not unfer-* 
tile soil, and is at present, divided, into 4 distinct possessions^ 
[See Table of Valued Rent] On them all, there are suitable man-^ 
sionS) each amid its own plantations^ and making a good appear- 
ance in the country, over which they all command an extensiVfi 
prospect. This ancient barony in 1361 is contained in a Char- 
ter, along with the conterminous lands of Armsheugh, Dowra 
and Patterton, to Sic Hu^ de Eglinton of.Eglinton, and wodd 
pass of course, with:i;he rest of the property of that potent Baron, 
to Montgomery of Eaglesfaame, whor married -his only daugbtec 
and heiress in the same year. The succession of proprietors ia 
these lands appears from the progress of writs, to the present 
time, to be as under : — ^ . 

1. In 1452 they are contained in aj Charter to Gilbert first 
Lord Kennedy. 

2. In 1540 ditto to Gilbert third JElarl of Cassilli«.. 

3. In Nov. 1600 they were conveyed by John fifth Etolof 
Cassillis tQ Neil Montgomery younger of Lunshaw— *-whoy , 

IRFmE.] or Cimninsftame; 403 

4. In 1602, conveyed them to William Mure of Rowallan. 

5. In 1630 disponed by Sir William Mure to David Cun*- 
ninghamej afterwards Sir David of Auchenharvie. See p. 172. 

6. In 1684; sold by Robert Cunningharae of Auchenharvie 
to Hamilton of Grange — who, 

7. In 1710, soldi them to James Montgomery of Pearston- 
Hall, (now Annock-Lodge) and who, 

8. In 1748, sold them- to Robert Hamilton of Bourtreehill. 

9. In 1760 sold by the Bourtreehill family to the family of 
Montgomery of Kirktonholme^vor Corsehill. 

10« In 1786 sold, by a judicial sale, to Richard CampbelH 
William and Robert Retd, and John Niven. 

11. In 1795 the above Richard Campbell sold hi? part of them 

12. To William Reid of Stacklaw-hill ; and about the same 
time, the above John Niven sold his portion to Thomas Dunlops 
which is now possessed by his son, Robert Dunlop ; whilst the 
descendants of the above. William and Robert Reid, and William 
Reid. of Stacklaw-^hill, enjoy the other portions, each in severalty; 

ARMSHEU0H«*~In. 1 260 thi» property (which lies adjacent, on 
the south to the preceding,) belonged to avplotent Baron, Sir 
Godfrey de Ross <^ Stewarton, .as appears from a contest he bad 
With the. town of Irvine* [See * Appendix;] Soon afterwards it 
belonged to- John Balliol, King of Scots, . and was forfeited^ by 
Robert Bruce and conferred on his own partisan, Sir Reginald 
de Craufurd df the Loudoun family~-or^at least.2chalders of oat- 
mealy that John Balliol was wont to receive yearly from these 
lands, was given to Sir Reginald. In 1482 it appears along with 
Dowra and Patterton in a Charter to Lord Boyd,., making part of 
the jointure lands' to^his mother, the Princess Mary, sister of 
James IIL In 1654 and.fro4B that time, in various Reteun 
down to 1697, it appears among the land^ retoured to the Mont* 
gomery family of Skelmorley, in which; it waa latterly conjoined 
with' the knds of Bourtreehill also belonging to the same family., 
It belongs at present, and for a longtime past, to the Earls of 


EglifitOB— Ai)d eitfertds over above 300 acres of ^kcellent land, 
part of which Is included I0 som€ farms adjacent in die par&h of 
Kiiwinning, * . 

Stake CUstx.E--«K)r Lordship of Stane^ or Stonanfig^is it baa 
in old times been called — is situated south waarda from Armaheu^ 
and acyacent to it It «9cteiids to mom than 300 acres» mo^t of 
it very good land. It belongs also to tbe Earl of EgHnton, and 
wa3 bcquired by the fkmily throiigh a marriage^ early in ^e 16th 
century » with tbe heiress of FxancsI (^Staoet'a fiimily nrhn had 
enjoyed it long, -and of whotn some cadets are stiii in>tfae nelghi^ 
btniriiootl Of tike ancieiit manor^kce ti aqnare tower still re- 
mainsi repaired by tbe h/te Alexaiadei^ £ttrl^'£gUntmH uhd <tf 
^kkH a view b given si; thti end tifAk aeetiim« 

jB9Viri«sfttiuii.^^31iifi a«icleiit i^ 
^M^«r%aiie, and esliends to b^^ide8i>f the AunockWwfbtA 
foflwiteg prolttiily • wmt :efter ^rdiasck, it esfeoias at preset to 
AMM tbw 60D fucrefkof %bidi tiw hunger portisa b in Irviae f*» 
it^-^-Ctte rest w m tll«t of Or^honi j att Tfeluafaie kad. Tk«m 
m • go«i «ld iliaAfida ott it, mn^aoAtA with ««me £m»'tid tiasK> 
Ittt*. 40 alio, Iwvti^toaie mors reteot ploatatt^o. ,Thi»yrc ip ai t f 
i^«af8 lo'.haYe bewt tt -one (iMe, put of tiie ^adiriuiive ibmiiiift 
flif (he lie MorviSe faaaily, 4>>&stdi^ of <ScadaiKi Vca in tbe 
tti(kexjf^be:Braeeaa.coiail!es€ it yna^oaKettci^ tlmui^ aisnitfiF 
dft** Lad&eaof tbat Houa^ [beis p. 47,] ity WiUian de Fenanr 
mA Alan la SiiOh«, aAA was «fteiv*rds fbr&lted by JUbett fieidi 
Ar tbdr adh^MQce totfae phfty of ilM fialiiob their JdoMPM.^ 

* It does not appear, by any thinj{ on record^ that these two l^arqos resided^hci% 
Mr Oft ftoy other ef their ha^t possessions in this >^antry \ on the contrary, it ratf 
ftasonabfy be inferml, frwa; tfulr f pmessi^g tbtar aH^^ itMUvia^ thatdMr Miiaape4 

-on iheir own estates in £n^land| their ntittve land. Geor^ Ferrars T|ivndiend» 
ftintfids'of ^ i i Wsh^ i/ d j Sppeai^. to W thfe Btteat rej^vtsenmhreof tife'firgii idu^mig^ldt 

<a9t^mi 9ha{ioite»..B^aBms.defl»^r$'^ Q^^^?^» ^ i* tbe^fedath jfar^ .^.faf^r 
cession — the family having been ennobled in Ae year 1298 : of whom also was ttbe 
Fsirti^^CojATc^tAHnii* 1^2hi<£ewasdsoof afaiidlyia^Bea«gcsC^dlr]ftj|^^ 
standinsi but long^simcc .e](ti^(:iV:by,the titl$. pf Lor4 Aibhy^.Thkb tpwiiitl4ir3MMr 

,<hire isrtUl caHed Ashby de la Zuche.* ' ' ^- ' '' ' ' 

It was afterwards conferred on Roger de Mair of tfait Hfc, or ra- 
ther an annuity of 4^ chalders of mea]» but of these knds ; for one 
sfaonid suppose that the rent would have been much mpre, even 
though the territory ^should not have been so extensive as at pre« 
sent Of the after destination of this estate, I have met with no 
evidence^ till in 16859 when 'it* appears to have belonged to the 
Skelmorley famfljr, tis also in 1696 : — from this family it went by 
purchase to Peter Montgomery, merchant iii Glasgow. Perhaps 
soon after; as John Montgomery, probably the son of Peter, (see 
Balgray supra) in 1710 had the adjoining lands "of Pearston-hall 
i~and prior to 1^48 sold Bourtreebill to**Robert Hamilton, Esq* 
6f Glengalt,^ (now !Rozelle,) for, in that year, Robert Hamilton 
was designed of BourtreehiH,-wh«i-he purchased from him also 
£he lands of Bklgray. Bourtreebill ^belongs now to the Earl of 
EgUnton, who-succe^ed hi^ grand-aunt, the late Lady Cnrnfiird, 
in 1816, in this estate, and also in that of Rozelle. Tbia Lady 
waatlifreldest daughter of the above 'Robert Hamilton. 

' Baktonholm-^Is situated m the north^^esfr corner of the 
pkrislL~^Part of it, nearly encirckd in a'Knkof the Gamock,-ia 
among the richest holme-larid in die county^ There is also upon 
it one of the best-going coaleries in the* neighbourhood. This 
property belongs to CbloneFFullarton of FuUartob, representa- 
tive of » very ancient family, -whose property at one time ex- 
^li'ded frdm the Water of Irvine more than six miles southward 
along the coast ;--^and though the principal property is still in 
that quarteriin the territory oPKyle, yet as he himself resides ia 
Irvine, within the district of Cunninghame, the genealogy of 
i&e family shall be inserted' in this section. 

iFuSsnon of iFuHavtom 

■* !• The first 6f this family to whom authentit records refer* 

Was At AW^ PilUatton de FuUarton, '•roerttioned in a Charts 

granted by James the High Steward', and' is, from corroborating 

BreumstdYice^, supposed tb^hihre^ lived sflbout the middle t>f the 

13th century, or from 1240 to 1260. His son was 

5 K 

40$^ pARTMHHkm oaic«txioK \^S!^eiHtk.^' 

Ilr jkoAU FoUwrtwi <le Fulltrton» mentioned la the same 
Cbfthee, M the loa of AUo. . lotec 128]t et. 129X1 Hifson.wM 
m. RjBGiKALB FallBrtoQ'de Fdlacton* wUo is. meotionod in 
a Charter dated 1S40« HU soivwaa^^ 

IV. Sir A])i(kM FuUaMcia de FaUarton, ^o iatlid aameChar^ 
ter ia 8tUed son aad heir of B^ioald d& FaUartoni de Eodenu 
His m& waa Maijorie. JE'uUartoih atUed by^ Eobect ILhit dearly 
beloved comin: a pbraK>ia tbofle timet^ applied only in the plaia 
^nse o£ the word8> deootkig- reai consang^iaitf^ Their son was 

y. Jom^ -FuUwtoii da FoUartonv wbo^ reaeived a^eon£rnia^ioir 
c£lke Charteffa abe^ mwrtk^fid, ^ojt Bobort IL in.l371# He 
waHJHlBselChoig^ted ia JCi^laod, k^ Ihmd U^in 134i^.and vaa 
OfH^ q£i the b^tagf^l^ tb«ie icff that ■ Siog'a rsvaom^ His sokv- 
.'. yjk AsaiirAi.i>: FuUahUw de FuUartoo, i» meiitionfid ia an > 
Tiidwitw, dated at |j|WniB'i»i3£l9» as Jbeir.ta.his. g);and&tber Sir 
Mm* . His.soawas 

VIL JUiWNS FuUaiten of FuUartoav He iinuiiied Marion» -' 
4l>ighter ^'WaUace of Craigie)!^ wlkom heJrad ibree sooa {, the ' 
Sd lodrM sgoB, Adau-aod WUUam*. weca provided .for in <jbe ' 
imdi of S^neighon^ by ar particvlar: Indentiuie datediib 1 4il%. He * 
HPisnccaededhy his ddest aon^.. 

. VOL GspMmFullaitonofFidiiHoB^ In & Chaneciii.Ii3& 
of oonficmation to his two brothers, «£ the UndsLof J)cie^ecii» )m ' 
^9tih^XtOS^ <tf.<3e r 8h<»< His eldest acHi PaMf 'died be£Mre him ^ 
^ti»wit4a«ne; : He ttraa ther^)ce succeeded bj his seeond .aoii«^.^ 

IX. Jqak Fi>MlictQii of' FuUntoQ^ whose, aotour is dated ui « 

X^^ Jdm FuUarton. oC Ftttttrtonr .whoa&^irttoariitf'iisfeii « 
1494. His sQn was. < - 

•, .' iXI. JoH^ >Pujl|f)i^<# ef .FidbTtoov whose ietoln^ ia^dated Jb 
1507. He maciied Catherine, dai^hter of John MsxwdL jot 
I)j9|bi^r^l|oel|«b3r)rh9m;he:hadhiii8tteeessoi^ . '^ : ...: 

mJkMW ifiiUMtaDrof FaUarftoo» nhoaAietoiu iiidiJeii ■ • 



OP Cdiiii{»g9ttmt; 


1^36^ and he was ImDg in 15i64. He marnedt CMlmme, dbuglv- 
ttr o£f David Blair of Adaraton» by whom he Imd hiK suci%Miiw^ ^ 
XIIL DavwEuliartonofFullarton. He mavned^-^lst, Chrig^ 
tian^ daughter of James Hamiltoor of Bothwdlfcaugfa } 2tily, Jane^ 
daughter of Lodshart of BogbaUj and m 1398 he resigoied his lands 
of EuQvton.andotheFa^i&iavoors.of has oon^ whos^ him^ 

XIV. James. Fallarton of F&llarConi who in 1593 married 
Jbgnesy daughter of FuHafton^f -Drej^ras by whom he had a 
aoo. wbo succeeded faim^ ^ 

XV. Ja^ss S^ilarton of iFullaltony ' who i» iGS^^ marri^ 
Biirbaia»> eidcsfe .-sialnr of- Sir - Wilitans •GumungbiiBe <^ Cunsing- 
hamdamd^ hy* whom < he had two tfons {nksi a difitgbter, ' ButMUrs, 
wkb imt marucd to- Patrick M'Dcmrai ef l^teuj^ and had tssutij^ 
from whoatr i» descMded the potitcot' Amfly of Bute^-aad Dmo- 
ioes). ' He wai tiiioecieded bgr hia eldest Mm, ... 

XVI. WXLLXA.M Fullarton 6f Fallartoa, 'irllo maniadrUth. 
ISe^ a- daoghteir ^f WaUaM o£ Jebateff ; ^dl^r » dtuigbtex of 
MtUbme dSmhtftoKi aod $dly a dAugfa«^ of-DiwIiip-o^lDuli^ 
]»p;. butdjriag^'withoiit nsue, wm wice^wtod b^ Uff bvothei^ - 

,: XVI. GaaaiGa P^iUartoa of i\ii]wtc>% wboM'tolnir ia> dMad 
I^l€i He-BBarried £ltflikbelb» diMightfr of JfMinli43«(i^ O^'Wwfc 
altai^:■b^ whon he hadlmfef^sDOar^f 1. Sibkfc; S^ Hebctt, of 
irfi»wi; a(l >a a w aad<i i' The eldest soa^ • 

; s XVJbL Faommc FaUarton« -AdidQiM^ -Mattiei BMNNi^ 
dauf^er to Qeland of ibai1Xk^by'viihamhe>ktA.timB0A»i IX 
Wiitia«r; ft iSrindr, of R wetumwt ; Tht^^^est suif) 

XVIXL WixxiAM FuIIartcm, suoeeeded bis ^amdfatbes Georgfik 
m IWIartMi «£ tint ilie, "(bia oetm &l^e^ dying befbre tile siicces- 
aHM- oimnad)) ia coa t «y uB Bce of a disposiiioii is 17M. - He 
moMiiffkAm^i'dtn^ti^ Wok Blair o^bttt lUt^b^ wKom hf 

»j ^ 


4er of George Lord Reay, (by Elisabeth, daughter of "Fairleytcff 
l^airley)) but died in 1808 without male issue,* when he wassue- 
xeeded by his second cousin S. M»t Fullarton, descended thus : 

XVIL Robert Fullarton, second son of G^eorge Ftrllarton of 
iFulliarton (2d No. XVX) as above-^was a Writier to the Signet, 
Jand proprietor of /Bartonholm. He married Girzei, daughter of 
John jStewart of Ascog,.hy whom he bad a son, 

XVIIL George FulJarton of Bartonholm, an Officer in the 
Army. He married Barbara, sister of James Innes.of Warrix, 
by wjbom he had a ^00, 

XIX. Stewart MtrnkAYFiillarton, Colonel Of the GaUowajr 
jSlilitia^ who on the death of his cousin, Gilonel Fullarton, auc^ 
^eded to Jthe oepresentation of the family of Fullarton of UtaX 
Ilk, and to the remaining part of, the estate. He married Ros^ 
etta, daughter of thp di>ove Colonel * Fullarton, his predecesaoiv 
Jby whom he has issue, five aonS' ; l.^George: 2.* James; 3. John; 
4* Robect; 5. Stewart*-«Tacd three daughters: 1. Barbara, married 
to Alex. Manners, Clerjc to the Signet ; 2. ^Jftiarianne ; 3. Maiu 
gar0t. He is also representative of the'&aaily of QLuningharoe of 
jCttnninghMitehMd, that fuhily having, 4d^ut 80 or 90 years 
ago, failed of male issue, .when the representation devolved on the 
desc^iidanta of Batbara Cunninghame, who was married to JaoMS 
Fullarton of Fullarton. (See No. XV.) His own immediate pr*^ 
ideoeasor, the.late. Colonel Fullarton, iwaa in «oiiseqdeiBoe served 
h eir to that fai»ily , December I7th, 1 79 1 . 

* He was Secretary to the Embassy of Liord Stormont, at the ,Coart of Fiance, in 
<l7T5«--4ie raised the aUt Regt of Infantry, and «enred widl it on board Cotttiaodofe 
Johnston's Flee^ aaci^ with it. .went to India ; andaii ^ay Yl%% got ibeeomaiatid^f 
the Forces, Forts, and Countries south of the river Coleroon, and commanded the 
Southern Army on the coast of Coromandel, successfully, and with mudi honoaria 
himself and advantage to the Company.-*In 1799 he raised the SSd Dn^Mma.aad 
tOlst Regt, of Infantry. — He frequently had a seat in Parliament, and twice repre- 
sented his native county*— the last time he was unanimously elected :«— In 1808 he 
was appcMnted First Commissioner (or Governor) of the Island of TrinidMb— He 
iKrrote «< A View of the English Interests in India,** and his <' Campaugns of 1789, 
.178), and 178*^ VHe gave ^i^o aiv.ejEcelkm^RepQrt of the. AgncrftlOf of h/fiAm 
&c. &c. . - 

^iRVlNE.] OP Cunningljame. i40» 

There are many other properties still, and of considerable va- 
: lue, in the parish ; as Toweblanos, consisting of 70 or 80 acres of 
'fine land, situated near to Bourtreehilt house and surrounded by 
its land on all sides; Chalmers Houses, nearer Irvine, very rich 
land ; as also is Ix)chwards in the same quarter; Holm-mill on 
the Irvine water ; Scotsloch on the north side of the town. 
There is also Bogside and Snodgbass, along the Garnock — ex- 
tensive lands, belonging to Lord JEglinton — partly very valuable 
—partly sandy soil— «11 incumbent on coal. 

The BtJBGH itself is a great heritor in its own parish, having 
500 acres, or more, in full property. Of this a portion of the 
best, called the Enaggerhill, seems not to have been-included in 
any Royal Grant, but has been a purchase. In 1634 it belonged 
to a family of the name of Peiblis which appears to have had, at 
one time, many possessions in this part of the country, as besides 
the above, they had the Bbumelands both in this parish and in 
'Dreghom i RossHOLME in Dreghom parish — also MAiNsdizJ.t 
MoBEisHtLL, and Cbawfield^ in Beith parish; and BloaA, in 
that of Stewarton. The name of Peebles continues stiU ve^ 
respectable in this town and neighbourhood. 

. ;t, .' • ij liV 




[Pari A of 



Preprictort. . 

Valued Rint 

£ s. 


Earl of Eglinton, 



498 10 


Ditto, . « 

« « 


110 6 



«■ m 




" . • 


477 16 

. 8 

Robert Dunlop, 


Thomas Reicl> 

- 100 

Robert Reid, - 

- 73 

William Reid, 

- 45 IS 


S5S 15 


William Montgomery, Esq* 



Mr. Webb, - 




Colonel FuUarton, 



72 13 


Robert Glasgow, 



73 12 

John Hoggarib, 







78 16 


The Burgh, 



27 3 

Duk^ of Portland, 

(no valued rent) 

1 • - " 

|l.1988 12 

Armsheugh, Stane Castle, Eglin- 

con PoUcie, 
Balgray, south part , 

Do. east part. 

Do* west part - 

Do. north part, 
Annock-Lodge, part- of 
Chahners Houses, 
Friar^'-Croft, (in Kyle) . 

Total Vahiation, 
By which Cess, &c. is actually collected, - 

Which corresponds with the County Books in the general sum, but differs materially 
in the three articles Bourtreehill, Annock-Lodge, and Friars'-Croft, also in a smatf 
degree with Eglinton. 

JhefJburingprcprkt^rs'poji no Ceuy having no va/uaiitn, tut hdding in Burgage ^the Burgi^ 

The Burgh itself, * 
Scots Loch, 
Dabymple Wards, &c* 

- Under the charge of the Adbgistrates 

- Mr. Warner of Ardeer * - . 

• Dr. M'Kenzie k Mr. Robt. Raakin 

- Baillie Stewart • . • 

Jind the fJbwing proprietors ef various nameless sutjects^ and of various extent from 20 

acres dewntoards to half an acre and less'^^namefyf 

Mettrt. Paterson» Mr. AI«x. Campbell (Greenfield), Mr. John Campbell, CoK Reid, . 
Bailie Finlayson, Mr. Cochran, Mr. .Robert Montgomery, Mr. John Montgomery, 
Mr. Richmond, Mr. Orr, Mr. Cochran, Mr, Gemmil, Mrs. Fairie, Mr. P^den, Mr. 
SidmoHi the Glebe,- the Poor, and perhaps 20 or 30 more in^ «tiU smaller portiona» . 
The whole of these Burgh lands extend to 750 acres or more. . 


S. M. FuLLABTON of Fullaiton. 
Dt CAMPBELL; Writer in Irvine., 

MRFINE.I OP cunningftame. 4it 


S situated near the influx of the Waters of Irvine 
i and Garnock into the Frith of Clyde, in 55° Se* 
! 52" N. lat. and 4" 38' 9" w. Ion. from Greenwich, it 
is about 11 miles due north from Ayr, the county 
town, and about double that distance in a straight 
line sw. from Glasgow, to which the most direct road, by Stev- 
artOD, does not, in all its windings, exceed Uiree miles more. 

This town is built on the summit of a gently rising ground 
on the north side of the Water of Irvine. It consists chiefly of 
a. main street about 5 furlongs in length, of which about one h^ 
is extended in a direction almost due east, leading to Kilmarnock, 
andJ.he other in a direction almost due north, leading to Kilwin- 
ning. Nearly in its whole extent, it is from 60 to 80 feet in 
width, no part of it less than 24, and that, in one place only, op- 
posite a single house about the middle. Many of the houses are 
constructed in a handsome stile, and nearly all have excellent 
gardens in the back ground. There are several lesser streets or 
lanes in various directions which^ are narrower, but the buildings 
in generiil not incommodious, whilst they also have each their 
gardens attached. In the immediate vicinity, some elegant villas 
"have lately been erected, more especially on that sldping bank 
to the southward, near the river, from whence the prospect is de- 
lightful. On thesouthsideofthe water, there are several streets: 
the principal of which are Fullarton-street, on the road to Ayr; 


and Halfway-street, on the road to the harbour. These are ge- 
nerally composed of low houses, but erected on a regular plan^ 
and each house has also its garden, which makes them sa far 
cheerful j but from the lowness of the situation, they are apt to 
be damp. This quarter of the town is neither within the Roy- 
alty nor in the parish, except quoad $acray but Ja still considered 
as part of Irvine, while its population is more than a third part 
of the whcJle* 

RoTAL Charters. — Irvioe is among the most ancient of the 
Royal Burghs in Scotland. The first Charter, however^ is not 
extant, but Robert L by a Charter dated the 12th May, in the 
17th year of his reign (1322), confirms a former Charter to it bjr 
Alexander IT. who be^n his reign in 1314, and died in 1249^ 
so that this Charter must have been granted in an early part of 
the 13th century, beyond which date, few of the Burghs of Scot- 
land have any writs to shew. Before this period, however, Irvine 
must have been an incorporation ; for there is . a contest recorded 
betwixt the Town of Irvine and Sir Ralph de Eglintoun that was 
accommodated in 1205, from which it must be inferred, that it 
had a Charter previous to -that date. The following are in its 
Charter-Chest : — 

1. Notorial copy of an Indenture dated 1260, betwixt Dom« 
Godfrey de Ross and the Burgh of Irvine. [See App.] 

2. Precept und^r.the Great Seal of Robert L 14th Feb. in the 
2d year of his reign, confirming privileges that had been called 
in question. 

3. Charter by the same, 12tb May in the I7th year of luB 
jreign. [See App.] 

4. Charter by Robert PL %h April,. in the 2d year of his reign« 

5. Charter by the same, 22d Oct. in the 1 6th year of his reign« 

6. Charter by Robert HI. confirming No. 2. 

7. Decrete by the Duke of Albany, 14th July 1417^ againat 
William Fraunces of Stane. [See Appendix.] 

7R vine:i 

<}F Cunninglttme* 


8. Charter by James IV. 8th August 151 L 

9. Charter by James VL 20th March 157S, 

10. Donation by^James VL of certain revenues for erecting 
"ft scboa). 

11. Instrument of Sasine following on the preceding. 

12. Charter by James VL May 1. 1601. 

13. Act of Parliament, Nov. 17. 16H^ ratifying Numbers 3, 
8>^10 and 12 of the above, and another Act similar in 1641. 

Set op the Burgh.— The Council consists of 15, under the 
name of Merchants ; in which are included, the Provost, 2 Bailies, 
ft Dean of Guild and Treasurer, together with 2 Trades* Coun*- 
sellon ; in all 17,— elected thus : 

The old Council elect 2 new Merchant Counsellors, and 2 
^ades* Counsellors, and must change the latter yearly, as also 
2 out of the nuniber of the former. The remainder of their num- 
ber may, or may not, be changed at the pleasure of the Council 
itself. The old and new Counsellors elect the Magistrates (Pro* 
vost and Bailies) out of the leets (lists) of their own number^ 
made by themsdves ; but these cannot continue in office longer 
than two years in succession ; but after an interval of a year, may 
again be elected. The Dean of Guild and Treasurer are chosen 
on the Friday after the election ^of the Magistrates, from among 
the body of the Council. The^Dean of 'Guild, whose office it b 
ti> preside over the Police of the Town> chuses a Council to him* 
self, to advise with in all matters cif moment. In this body, al- 
ways twelve in number, he takes care to include a tradesman in 
each of the different departments of house-building, as much of 
his attention is required in settling differences betwixt contermi« 
feious house-owners, so that they neither encroach on each other's 
premises, nor on the public : — and to see that their respective 
habitations are upheld in a state of sufficiency. The Provost, 
(he two Bailies, the Dean of Guild, and the two. oldest Counsel 

5 M 


lors, ape ex-officio Commissionera of Sopply for the Bw^h and 
Parish, and also Comini$8 Loners for thQ Assessed Tax Acts. 
iNcoilMRATeo TRADB».«--Tbese consist of— 

1. Squaremen: — (Masons^ Wrights, Slaters, Plasterers and 

2. H4minermen,-n^(Bracksmkh69 . TinsinitliSi Silir^rsoiiths*, 
Copper»i»iths, Sadlers {md^WatohiDaW&) 

3* Weayera-; 4^. Tayloraj S, Shoemakers i and 6. Coopers. 

Tbere. are ma^y olber ooeupations iothistewe, ofevaMitial 
isopoptance^ though nejth^ inoorporat^ i«to craila^i luir oomhined 
iQtQ aoci^lies. The a4mh^« re«peetive}y io the difieienjt oc^Ur 
pations are ^ under :— • 

ShQeinakersii*..t-^ 73 
Wrights, .■,^„,, , 42 

Ropemakers, 35 

Masons, 41 

TaylQr .?» ,^ . „ ., . .. ^ 
Carpenters, ^^ 80 
Blacksmiths,..^ 20 [ Coopers, G 

Thex« are 49iBhQp-keepeF95 and $3 housea of eotertainioejot, 
ThMre is a Printli^^Ofiice and two Boek^ll^ra' sbops*^ These kr 
•*-^8iaith> who alao draws in landscape and engraves in wood^ 
Thei;e are many Wk ywkfm oth^ occupations, as howerpwoteff 
«ip«p]a^erers! — dyesters^ watchmak€tr%~ wigmakerss dre^s-^npti^ersf 
habndashess, &o^ and m th^ country part of tlie parish liiare ai:9 
cmpbyed 186 eoaliers, n^osH^ of whom xesidQ in the towo« 

Of the Clergy, tber^ i» tbs estabHshed: {Rani/si&er,^ and tw^^fm^ 
nected with the Secession^^^ The modical depavtoaent consists of 
one phyMciaQiand five surgeoos,. of whom some are apothecaries* 
In the law department, there are eight . Of the remaining inba» 
hitanjts in genteel life, they are either iur^uhJic office*-*i9 
the bank^r-^teach^ii^of various sdences-'^-connected with tradeor 
maritime commerce ;'--<'*<ahj^-<>wners^.«*4iyi^^ on their X0ii4sr>«*or 
liadies liying on their anniuities^ . 

Tike ti«o iiead Inns, as they arecall^t are verj^ ro^CMtol^ 
Both have post^haises> and both, hare large rooms for public 

IRVINE.I OF Cunnitigliame* 415 

mieetings. A atagi&-ooach passes and repaaiest three days in th6 
week^ through this town, betwixt Ayr and GreenodL; and one 
goes every week*d»)r to GItfsgow, and returns the same night* 
The post, £rom Glasgow, &c. by Kilmarnock, arrireis herei and 
departs twice a-day. 

FoHTLATioN. — By the last enumeration in the town and pa* 

rish in I8II5 the population was £3und to be^— 

!• In the Burgh, or north side of the water,...** 8535 

% In the si^urbs, south side of ditto,.... ..............A. 1784 

$. In the country parts,.... .^ • 441 

4. Militia not included, 160, and sesnoMn afterwards as« \ < ^^^ 
certained 450 — ^together....«....«...44%.».»...^*#.»».».. j 

Total, 6370 

But as the parish of Irvine, quoad civiliy consists only of the 
Burgh and the country part-^he numbers reSpecJtively, after 
proportioning the militia and seamen absent among th6 three 
dirisions of the parish, will be thus :--* 

1. In the Bnrgh, or north side of the town,.. 8910 

2. In the country parts,.... ^ ..«...i..... 488 

Tdt«il in Cbe pmsbi^tf&ad eiviii, 4398 

St In FiilkrtonHstreet, &c. qifoad aacfm^ «r....»^ #.1972 

Total, 6370 

J^gaiP)-«^]ii the town on both sides of t^e watet^... 588^ 

Id fthe country part8^.»« ...*« *.. 488 

Total....... 637a: 

XMat]yir—tt wa$ aseerCained that tbdre were. Males,. 3090 

Females....... 3S80 

jlotalj^..*«.«M.. 63 i& 

It is J>elieved that the town has -had a small increase in its 
pi^ulation, and thi& chiefly in its southern suburbs^ where sevo- 
xal additional. houses have been: built since 181 1. . 
. . . TA:E|j^---£roQi a* Report of a Committee of the House of 


Commons, printed in 1793, it appears that the town of Irvine 
(on an average of 10 years preceding 1789,) paid annually into 
the Exchequer, in name of Cess, the sum of ^0 and 4 pence, 
sterling : that sum has since been reduced, by the convention, to 
^50 lOsh. and this, with the necessary expence of collecting it, is 
nil that the inhabitants have to pay toward Borroagh Taxes in 
Irvine. All public expences,' in every other r^pect, are defrayed 
from the Town's funds; such as — the building of edifices— rchurch 
—school — prison, — bridge, — &c. «nd keeping them in repair— 
fhe causewaying of the streets — the puUic wells — and the pub- 
lic lamps — even the minister's stipend, and school salaries, are 
all furnished free to the mhabitants. XircunxsUmces, it is be- 
Jieved, not to be paralleled in any other Burgh Royal or other 
:town in the Uingdom. 

From the above -Report it further appears, that the Burgh of 
Jrvine at that jtime ranked as the 14th in Scotland [out of 66) in 
point of Revenue, and the 13th in Taxation. The following ex- 
tracts, in form of a Table, from that , Report, on these points, it 
is presumed, will not be esteemed uninteresting. 

Irvine is conjoined with the Royal Burghs of Ayr, in tliesame 
county, Campbelton and Inverary in Argyle, and with Hothsay 
in the shire of Bute, in the electing of a Member of Parliament. 
In the General Assembly of the 'Church, it is represented by a 
Member of its own. It is the seat of a Presbytery, condsting of 
17 parishes with 19 ministers, which includes the whdle of Cun- 
ninghame, And the parish of Cumbra in Buteshire. This Pres- 

1 - 

IR ViNE,'] m Cunningftamif. 

bytery forms part of the Synod of Glasgow and Ayr, which one* 
in 3 years holds its half-yearly meeting in this town. 

Public Edifices. — TTie Town- House, situated near the middle * 
6f the town, is a stately fabric about 80 feet long, 27 feet broaii, 
and two stories in height, with a steeple at one end rising about 
80 feet high* In the ground floor is the 'Ordinary Council-Room, 
and the dKce of the Town- Clerk ; in the upper story is the Great 
Council Room, and the^rison. ^In the Steeple is a^ Guard-Room. 
This housor buik-at the expenceof the Burgh, must have cost a 
considerable sum« It is constructed with some taste, and in « 
substantial manner. The Town's Arms are a Lion rampantf 
guardant, with a Sword- in one Paw and a Sceptre in the other ; 
motto^ Tandem - bona Causa TRiuMPHAT.-^The Church — ^is si- 
tuated on^a rising ground southward of the town, near the riven 
It is 80 feet long, and 60 feet broad within, and holds easily 2060 
people. It was erected on the site of ^e old church in 1774« 
The Burgh paid d-4th parts of the expence, and the landed pro* 
prietors theotfaer. The Steeple is very elegant It is of a square 
form in the lower parts, 24 feet by 18, and rises rn 6 or 7 stages, 
tire above tire, each contracted to lessand'less diameter till it ends 
in. a point about 120 ieet in height. In it there is an excellent 
dock, with 3 dials U> as- many distinctdirections. The bell was 
the gift of Ihe late. Earl of Eglinton, and is^ certainly one of the 
luUest and finest toned in the couQtryi*~The Bridge, across the 
Irvine, was built by the Burgh in 1746. It consists of 4 welU 
turned arches, each 40 feet ispan ; but the road-way, however 
well it might suit the times in which it was built, is too narrow 
BOW for the increased intercourse.-»-The Academy is set down 
in a cheerful >well-aired spot about 100 yards north* west of the 
town. It ii an elegant 'Structure^ from a plan by Mr. David Ha^* 
nilton, Glasgow. The foundation stone was laid on the.22d 
April 1814. The principal teaching-rooms, 4 in number, are 
each 36 ieet long, 24 brQa4^ and 12 feet high. The ezpenc^ was 

^ 5 N 


^faMit £3tlOO^ of whicb the Burgh piik) £ieS8 4a. 6A. - Tho mtt 
was obtained by guhseriptMMu 

The two priacipdi teadiers in the Academy arei l|h«^ S^eetor, 
Jds. J« I^. BrowfiL of the grammar-^sdiool^ who h^s a 9diwy^ 
^30 froaa tha Borgh ; aad Mr. William €lark,Ei^i8h tea^hefA 
wW l»s a salary of L15. ' Both are i>f the firsl respoftabititjr im 
their JuMt aiKi eiiii»Qiitly siiceesaCul «i thaw IMevboths 

tb«e are from 300 to 400 aeholara. A elana fear deawii^ bat 
ktely commenced m it^ which nmy uAttmatdy^be «f greafc bon^A^ 
to thetfoovii. It ia taught by Mn Bmee. . 

FnnB: SeiKaoir-*F^r iaidigenfe* childiion, who had o^bemitft. 
Uttle ehaooa &r educaiion at^ 9ll# waa opened in Marck 1^14| 
Xkepreteotteacber^Mc Cni|g»hi»aabotife$OwMierhiacare.. Theji 
aae taught reading, writing, aad arithmetie; aniliWJ«h pnSr 
oancy* ia abewn iu all these daases. The aalaary is lAOk fml- 
about JU 10 more la requirect for aehoeI«4fenl4M(id^cQal8« The 
mbele is deffayed by subscriptiQii or dQnatioiL& 

Sswing-hSchooxh^^^-Iu thia eatabltshmenf^ pattOMsed by the 
Mi^gistratesy there are from 20 to SO girls taught plaia^seam and 
cohwied work-«^«4iiKierthe case^of Mr^ who has a saLary 

of XJS yearly firora the Burghs io additioh to the fees Ibr leadikigki 

BeaawKG Scaiaoi>-^For young Ladtea» was latdy eatebUsbod 
htaet by the Miasea Crichton, which is givieg great satiafaetioo* 

Pttrra!r£ Semoi^-^There are.5.or 6 of these, in whieh ahQMft 
S60 children receive good education in.readtn§^VTitingeQdavith<« 
matict though the xespective masters have no^aalarica nor ether 
emohmenta than the very moderate school fees wiaehihdy receiare 
fion their scholars* Id all the adiodbs ooadained, the number of 
Sfdiolara ia the various* literary daiises ia-aaoastained to be 768. 
. . Sunday £bfiooLS.****Thepe are SSfl young persons, who atteml 
a various schools on the Sunday evenings^ to raceive I'eligiooa 
instruction. They read portions of die Bible«<^repeat questuma 
and p8afaBl^ or collate pasall^^ passaipas of acriftora . Manf^e^ 


j0rJafE.T w ctmiiitisfmme. 410 

tliMes. tteoogh 30 far grown up as to haxe left tha schools^ attend 
here ta refiresh their memojies in the saered writing — confiroi 
their religious principles^ and to join in these pious exercises-— 
«bi<^ are superintended by many weU-disposed elderly people of 
mnoiM .'religious pieratiiuiQKHaA^aUo by the miniaters of the town^ 
vhQ visit th«m6pa9iiin9» to t^ 

> » 

Friendly Sfff^ntiwur — ^IlM:iiuiahftr of these appears to be 16: 
iiwipeinbefa 'oawaeolod wi& them HIS.: the sums expended 
yearly S3AS ^* 3d. Tbi? ia tn gepiel»I distributed to the sick 
and iwtigattt of.tlieir'^m'nt niunber ; hut some S or 3 societies es*- 
taddidbcd amoAg. the bibber '<^aMe£|9 are for the relief of those 
po0r p^t^cii whoiiare Uil<wiuiected with anjir society.T-^Tbere is a 
^aUiwr Seoi^jf) under the disection of the ship-owners^ wfaa assess 
dusnaathrea at so miiek per ton fier Toyagei in additicA to a small 
pM cMiifeage on the ^wmffols, lyagftoi^orthie relief of widow85 chiU 
dvan» amd the liidi er diHifaled of the aeamen* - In Jatk 1817 their 
landa amQuiUAd to £dQQ^ and in^ 1 aiS there was L178 paid from 
i^ amnng 63 anaiiitaDta and' 87 other applicaata. 

BiMUt SooiBntHWas ibatituted hcM it^Oct I8ifi. In 1820 
Ak nfimher ofuembars was about GOu It is sustained- by yeavly 
ailhfiiiisfilioa^'-tio^ donadoni^ and coliections. In^ August 

18dQ the auma till then^coliectied fi^ounted to L859 Is. 6d^ of 
lihifln after valnduapitQins of expenditure^ cbiefiy in donations in 

aid of the 'limdB ed^^iitbar disMbutive Societies, thcve reramned a 

• ^^ • 

bidbacs ii}^ ^'Traa&iiror's fitBdv afhll Idi. 4^. 

Savings BAXB^ftfThis haippy ^eviec of coBTerting pence into 
j^H^dS) h»s beeir^^tensi'K^y adc^tfi;d4p Irvine. It ma^ tiiltitu&'- 
ed 9ii^M[ie ^ QcL IS15, V^hy the 31ft Dee. that year, there 

M htm hlBB 4ep0iilc<L Xhift lnwivhle spirit evinced itiself 

fl^faf^ Siifo^H^ t>jr th*>gve8l increase of depofits i^ thci svor 
fl^pg yeie^,heiQ^ 9$ An^veratj^' tfl(^4>f about L400 anoually 
•fHib^ whoi^ ii«;i9iiptii^ 9fi thj^ StUtJ^c, 181 Q to L1717 4s. ^. 
hmieit JJli l%Mf i ifH^^ ^ M been acquir^ hyt^9f>^ 

■..V ' 


time. In.the 8Sme period, there had been of theae sums. rep9^ 
to depositors L55L IQs^ 5^d. leaving a stock still on hand iif 
L124U bs. 6id. Of this L3d2 has been lodgpd in the Ayr 
Bank in the name of depositors in sums of L.10 whqn it amountjs 
to as much from- an j. The number of depositora from the ccfOh 
mencement have been 219, of' whom 98 iare males and 126 ft^ 
males. The nmxiber of deposits have been 1969l - 

^omifiKttireK.'^Tbe mftmifacturing interest does hotiippeat 
lo be 10 a prosperous state } on the contrary it . seems to be de^ 
dining^ Some establisbmeots th«t ^eitisted about 25 years ago 
liave £iiled altogether: in. paiticular a tambour wotky titHt em^ 
ployed /about 70 girls, and^a spinoiog'-jemiy that eniployqd 80 1 
^thottt thtve being, ^or thosex^who liived^ by this last/ ifl^adkmerjf 
«Borik^) any substitute ia^Hsiplaee^.'The^reaviiig mauu&ctute too^ 
depending' almost vrhoUy on. the^6Iaiigow or i^aisley merdiaatfl^ 
hat declined along with tbem^ in. their bvei^stratehed speculation^ 
iThe €idier^ades;peo^ of Irvine, as Smiths, * Wrighto, Masom^ 
Taylors. &c« whose labojars^weee. limited to the natural, damaud 
<if the neighbourhood, remain m nearly th^r usual eircmostaiices. 
Sliip*building waacwoat to be carried.0Q>by3 diatiuct companies 
Jto a considerable extent, and^tb ^ the t eputatiou <if bemg well 
conducted; llie aize of shipping tmilt-bere^was from SO^tons to 
240. * This too has declined, therie being, only one buildiQg«slip 
4it present employed. . There ase two Ba^eworks and iwo Taor 
neries^ both well established, but neitheref*them.oii agceatscale 

^tlli]e(terjei~-sinceJthe Revolution* 

MA^^ APMITTJEP, . niEDf^Ac. 

n ^ • 1 XTT f Settled here March f Besighed in 1709, 

JPalitck Warner,.,...^.. I 24. 1 688. ( X^ep. ISO) 

William Macknight,..-.;Ord. Apn 24.* ii09.J>ieAJ^.»d.i^S(K 

Charles B.nn.tyne,... { J^^j'^TiTs" 1 P^ A^»7;1m 

Tr. James Richrnond,...Orcl. Mar. 15. ITH-Died Jur/l6.l8D4. 
James Henderson......... Ord. May 2. 1 805... Died F6b.^ 1920^ 

T 1 tun - V Admitted from Soutfa-f-- - ' • * -'"' *-v » 

John Wilson^.......... | shjeW,, June 22; l^»>,l r. < ,. 

3l^fS$!tfefltetje((^-4t«LiEP Cbur^ih. This was first erected ia 1776,^ 
and afterwards enlarged^in 181.8* It is an elegant and commo- 
diou8\pIaqe of worships' seated to hold. 930 hearers : the congre- 
gitipQ at present consists of that number5 of whom 600 are in 
full communion — ^the rest occasional hearer&i . Thefirst mioisteti 
here was the Rev. James Jack/ ordainedon the 29th April 17779 
and died on the 20th Jnw 1782. He was succeeded by the Rev* 
Hugh White on the 3^ J^ly the same year, who was deposed by 
his Presbytery^ on the 8th 'Oct 1783, for errors in his doctrine: 
having got himself bewilderediin the extnvagant notions of a 
Mrs. Buchan, who gave out^ that neither herself nor her adher-^ 
ents were ever ta taste of death.-t-^Xbe late Rev. Peter Robert- 
son was ordained on the* 2d Novr 1784» and died on the SOth 
Jan. 1819| higft^ly esteemed for unremitting attention to his min- 
isterial functions^ the orthodoxy of his doctrine, eminent piety, 
and unassuming simplicity of manners. He was succeeded by 
the Rev. Archibald Mfidareny who was ordaia^d'the minister of 
tlftir cbngregatiiHi roe the\^Sd Mavcfa 1820. 

' BAPtiiSTS. ~41ieir meeting-house^was ereetedriB ]808w It is- 
a plain, but commodious place of worship, capable of holding a* 
bout 450 hearers, though the number in actual communion in: 
this pari^ does not^xceed 40.; but it is generally well filled with 
occasional- attendants from other churches, and adherents from, 
otiier parislres. I<^ is under the pasCoral^administration of the^ 
l^ev. George Barclay,.wbb resides at Kilwinning, whfere he has* 
alsq a place of Wit>rship,and ofilciatea on alternate Sabbaths in both. . 
./ SuRQH£ES.^~TheiF meetii^^house — a very elegant fabric — ^was.. 
erected in;l809i It holds easily 800. The Rev. Alex. Campbell^ 
ii their Minister,: andis the^first that was settled,- of this persua-^- 
s^Q, in Ifvine» . 
. . JMbETHOVSTS'^There are-a £^w > perhaps from 20 to 30. 

* 9BEi]^8--wH«ve increased greatly of late^ In 1807 there^ 

were 84 on the permanent roll ;• in 1&16, 50; and now in 1820, ^ 

80* Besides these, th'6re are always* as alariy more who get re^ 


432. MRTICOLAft DBtCBKRlOH, &e. 

liefoccaiionally. In 1807 there wm dutribuMd. UMM^'bMb 
classes, in conjunction r £269:1 in 1816^ jg338; and ia 1819. 
jg460. [See the Geaetal Tables.] ;Besides all tliis, there are froai 
30 to 35 who receive badges, authorisiagthem to 6^ overthe 
town and parish one day in each week. These, are aBpposed'Ua 
bs not the wont prondtod for of a«y. ' 

SntiquftfejV.— The Sea*6ate Cattle in Inrine(fl8 abo9e)i8 a nrinovs 
ftbric, of cdnsiderabiemitiqaity. Jfebdonn to the £arl«f £^in- 
tonrwd ia siqiposed to have been intend^ as the jointUFe house 
• qftheDowager Ladies of that family, 'there is no date upon it; 
but from the circumstance of the united arms of Montgomery 
.and Eglinton being engraved upon a central stone in a vanltcd 
.chamber sa tbe l^er story, it mnst have been bailt since the 
union of these two families by marriage in 1361 ; and that it 
GOuJd not be much later than that period, may be inferred from 
its structure as a. house of defence, in which are many arrow-slitg 
for bows, but no gun-ports for cdnnon or other fire-arms, whicb 
•were iMroduced into Scotland About nearly tbe same eira, and 
wereiKver omiUed ia fortified ptaces* erected after that tinr\>i— 
la this old castlethere rjemaios stilly quite entire, one of the ino«t 
perfect specimens of the Saxon or :Norman round arch (see p. 14] 
that is perhaps now to be met with in Britain. It iis erected over 
the principal gate-way into the house. A square- teWef i» one 
of tne cornerais evidently im»^ znoze mcient, aa- -msy. be .ton- 
eluded not only ivom the stile . of buildis^. but from thettoqe, 
beiaggreatly nwre decayed fiom. the actiop of the weatfaebt ', 



' ' , 

TA^LE 1— emitt m^ Bent. 

. < 





















\ 19 









7419' 6129 















Valoed Btnt 
8cott l€S3. 

2840 16 10 

7676 6115 14 S 

• fi82| 





7889^ 1141 

88 4850 14293 

6704 8889 

6 1986' ttW Sn9 1206 



7974 2171 



6588 14 
5247 11 
9581 9 
5967 •10 
1988 19 
2905 14 

7984 8846 

7450 6961 14 

44901 5188 12 

8530[ 6729 1« 

I914S 8802 

10543 5696 2 






lOMfi 8114 18 10 

[J II !■■ 

268|85794l48068[l8S862i76240 5 -41114019 6 8 


RmI Real, 
Sect Uog, tflO^ 

9009 12 

10611 4 
8758 6 
5981 5 
7116 5 
8i256 7 
5644 O 
f098 10 
9057 5 
7498 9 
9r789 5 
0698 Or 

«536 ir 

12907 -« 



inore J^*"* P*" Acf». 








7 81810 

12 1020 4 

qi5.6|24 8^5^10 

17.838 4M O 

17.698 '019 6 

15.8 5 82(^ 8 

012. 10 10 1 7 4 

8 45. 28 0^8 O 

19. 25 5Bt 4 

0115.7 sngy 

17.6128 5 29 



I. Squnrcf nlile^ is set ddmstat the nearett Mmber to ibe actvsi extent in Scott 
acreSy accouiidhg;509 to the square mQe j 263 U the number^ if taken at one operation. 

n. Under AraUe, 8cc^ it included abosMadowi, woodi^ and gardens. 

in. Under BiHs, 8rcf. is included natvi^al pastures; moste, roads, &c. 

V. The Taloed rent wa8 taken in 1652 and 1658 hj order df Cromwell, in order 
td the leTying of a PropertT Tax oir hnd» and beiBg" taken bjr hh own peopki and 
liable tb oe certified-' on oathf may b^^constdnrtd as a pratjp juaC 9twn of tm aelnal 
f^ at the timci^ in ScoU monejr* 

^ VL;The redl rent, in slerfing^lndtkefy is takeit 6om the retnma in 1809| and ^j 
fc4 depended oni with eciosideraUe confidence^ as a £ur ezhibitios. The rents increas* 
ed.consUjerabbr ;after diat time till 1815, whea thej became defressed, and are pr9« 
^iily not mu«h %i^kAr now than is 1809. 

Vir« S&ws| the number of^times more> that the rents ainoutttcd to in 1809 tian 

: ASey were 156 jears before, id 1693-*being at an arelfagi 18 times more— wliicblas 

ansen partly &olnf.tiie depteciatioa iuHx ^Smt^ ttw i ey~ bn t mart faomthe oKum* 

ttance gf the Ia8ds<)rfng better luki f ated ^ 
_^ * 
Vltt. Sliewi the^present rent at an average per acre of tbe irtiole aorCiCi^ 

"IX^ 'Shews iise'same, so^tfting die rent to be deibed^ftom ibt cnltifaMd laMi 






w •-• ar »ZI 

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kO I-' 



^ «« to «^ to ^ *^ tO-«^ 

to li^ 1^ 1^ -a to 


«> -t 








Q ■ 

fo . 
























Largs, - 

























13 17 
18 32 
20 40 

12' 21 
' 31'^ 5 


Milch I Other 
Cowt, Cattle 


10 10 




4Sj 17 
19 15 


^ 16 
10 18 
15 29 


I4t 27 
























658 758 

565200 353 2809112563 









Sheep. Swiae 


















EUplamation of thc FmsT- FIVE COLUMNS. — ^I. HoTses in Husbandry. — 1|. 
OVkerlloffses in the Tax-Office lists.— III. Foals Tearing.— IV. Other young Horses 
unbvoke ^V. Total Horses. 

The number of acres in tillage^ see the preceding Table, being 80,400» makes a« 
bout 18 Scots acres to each Horse employed in huskuidry->>abottt S3j. acres EngKshi 

TABLE IV.— jpopulation. 

m ' ■ 



Dairy, - 
Xyuhlbp, — 
7*eni^ick» - 
Irvine, : - 
Eilbknie, - 
Eilxnaurs, ' 
Jjargs, -•> 

Loudoun^ - 
StMcartosi, . 

















Totals; . 28*143 







































34219 I 16137 














3170 I 



5 Jf 


dTATlStlCTAL r¥ASfi»8. 

TABLE V.-^lRe»g<tiiwf i^«iUi[0ion. 

This Table is composed from the r^ttfrti^ inade oh the subject under the Iiead7»f 
Dissenters — which was obtained most readily, and iii the most candid Mnner. In 
a few cises where the ln{<)rmation ^as.not cjUite iuH, the estimate has been formed 
by general averages from the others. To tliese returns Is added the numbor-^'CSil'- 
dren from 7 yea^ old ahd utider, that paghf to be iikloded in making up am exhibit 
of the whole. This has b^en calculated from s| Table of the Probabilities of liitt* 
dapted to Scotland, by the late Rev. David Wilkie, minister^ Cults i and pvblklwd 
in his valuable Treatise, The Theory of Intdresti p. 1S8. 



Worihip <?oT«"- 
'^ nion. 


Gwral. Q^.j_ 
hearers , 

* Antiburghers, 

Relief Qiurch, 
. Qameronians, 







t6 . 



















Tout, iniro* 






6015 4272 16p0 11887 

Note*— Ezainihable children are included ito'geheral hearers. . _ 

The whole population pf the District being - . • • • , - Mli$7S 

Deduct for Dissenters a» above^ - «. .. - • « • 11,887 

Remains for the EstabliAed Church, - - * - •» 89^89 

B^tii^ however, tho^e who attend no place of worship, or who may be df iio rti^gfi^n 
at all (-—while these acknowledge no church, they can be identified with none. 


TABLE VL— jprofeiSjBiional jDccupatiim* 

In die whole Sixteen Parishes there^ 

Weavers, 5881 

Seamen, ^ 794 
Shoemakers, - 762 
Coaliers, - 632 

Wrights, - 381 

Masons, - 292 

Taylors, - 228 

Smiths, • 192 

Bakers, « 89 

Fiedlers, - 77 

Ship Caipeptert 57 

Ropemakers,' 45 

CoopfTpy ^ 34 

Salten^ 7 - 20 

^rairt. In £iaw, 5t 

mjOm jneuscineA ; vm 

Supposing one-third of the trades' people and manufacturers to be married men,, with 
families, and that each of their families consists of five souls-^-then there would' be-^- 

In trades and manufactures. 
Country people or husbandmen. 
In other professions or employment. 

Total as by Table IV. 

- «t,li8 
^ 16,137 
• 14,111 





®tate of UEOucatton. 





















-? If? 

Beith, .... 








Dadop, - 


















S 1.S 2 6 

Fenwick, - - - 


ISa 54 





1 If! 


358 »« 





KUbimie, - - - 


96 SC 




Kilbride, - - - 


84 32 



Klmamock, . . - 


785 468 





1 .■§.•?«• 









1 141* 

KilwinniDg, . . - 






Largs, . - - 

Londoun, ... 
































Of the Pmv and 


of their Futrds. 




a Ptaei 


tent! anil 
Intcmt al 
ltd mtmtj 











L. 8. 

L. . 
25 S 

i. 8. U S. 



122 I 






«S 10 

27 t 

ro5 « 

297 10 






19 6 

16 C 

49 14 

160 t 




6, 12 



10 16 

3 10 

2 16 

3 6 

10 14 

50 c 



4 12 



26 10 


50 t 

" E,S'tr.i.o 



80 W 









7 15 



9 10 

3 10 


75 C 

^3 2.^1 






7 5 

1 li 


50 15 




1+0 12 




25 C 


1200 < 



6 SO 



5 6 


52 r 




60 13 




15 e 




is! 12 




16 10 





30 12 




5 ( 




29' S4 




21 7 

8 13 








32 '0 


Touls, . 

SS2 514 




625 4I2I6 8 

1556 8 




Coinmunicated by BaiUie Crawfurd^ Secretary to the Mether Lodge, Kilwinning. - 

THIS Lodge, (Kilwinning,) is acknowledged to be the Mother of Scottish Masonry,* 
(it is even doubted. if it is not more ancient than York Lodge in England,} and; 
has been carried down with respectability to the present day, and countenanced by the^ 
most eminent Noblemen and Gentlemen of the Kingdom. This is. established notr 
only by the records of the Mother Lodge, but also by the. following document whicb; 
stands upon the records of the Grand Lodge of Scotland ; 

. Mutual Contract and agreement, amongst tb^ worshipful brethren of the Masonr 
Lodge of Pearth and Scoon: — << In the name of .God. Amen. To all and sundries 
** persons to whom these presents do belong, witt ye us the persons under subscribers,* 
<< mastery freemen and fellow*craft Masons, residents rs within the Burgh of Pearth ;( 
^ that forasmeikle as we^and our predecessors have and had from the Temple of. 
<< Temples built on this earth (ane uniforme community, and union throughout die 
<* whole world,) from which Temple proceeded one in Kilwinning in this our nation' 
^ of Scotland, and from that of Kilwinning, there proceeded the abacy and Lodge of^ 
<< Scoixijjbttilt by men of atrt and architectry, where they placed that Lodge as the se« 
<< cond Lodge within this nation, which is now past memorieof many generations and 
** was upheld by the Kings of Scotland for the tyme, both at Scoon and' the decayetf 
<< city of Pearth when it stood, and now at Pearth head Burgh of the Sheriffdom 
^ thereof to this Very day, which is now four hundred three score and five years or 
<< thereby;'' which deed contains a number other clauses, and concludes with the foim- 
lowing attesting clause ;— *^< In testunony whereof we have subscribed the samen with 
<< our hands at Pearth the twenty-fourth day of December 1658, signed by all the 
<^ members consisting of forty brethren*/' ^ 

It may well be conceived by what a variety of accidents and causes, the records of 
any society may be lost, destroyed or neglected ; and these causes are not lessened 
when that qpiiety has existed for many centuries in a sniall country village ; indeed if 
would have been matter of wonder if they had been preserved, through the various re-^ 
volutions in the state and church,, and in the decay of the seat of their deliberations and' 
the destruction of the Monastery, when all the records were carried off. Part of themj.' 
however, have been since recovered in France.> The right eacercised by the Mother 
Lodge^ of grsHiting Charters of erection for so many centuries to many Lodges in 
Scotland, Ireland, America and the West Indies, is a strongtprpof of Kilwmning being>;^ 
the Mother Lodge of ScotLmd. . 

William St. Clair,.£arl.of Orkney and Caithness, uScci got a grant of the office of - 
Grand Master from James II. .. He countenanced the Lodges with iiis presence, pro* 
pagat^ tlie Royal Art,, and built the Chapel of Roslin, that master piece of Gc^c 
Architecture- Masom^y now began greatly to flourish through the country, and many 
noble and stately buildings were reared by the Prince and Nobles during the time of 
this Grand Master.— By another .deed of the same King thisoflice was made hereditaryc^ 
to the said William St. Cis|ir, and his heirs and successors in the Barony of Roslin^. 
Tie BaroQs of Roslin proved themselves great patrons of Masonry, in countenancing 
the Lodges^ determining all matters of difierence among the bretbreni and supporting 

.with becoming fgnity the tharacter of Grand Matter Mason all over Scotland— »They 

held their head court or Grand Lodge at Kilwinning. The brethren met here Mrinh 

hospitality and protection; their peaceable behaviour and generous dispositions^ recom« 

mending them to the notice of the country, they were soon jcnned by the great and 

f weaMiy from all parts. 

The Lodge of Kilwinning continued to grant Charters of erection to the brethren 
in other partSj to form themselves into regular I^odges, under proper restrictions of ad« 
hering to the principles of true old Masonry, and preserving among themselves that 
harmony and union which ought and always has subsisted among the fraternity. This 
continued to be the state of Masonry in Scotland till the year 1736> when St. Clair of 
Rosliup ibereditary Grand Master over all Scotland* assembled thirty-two lodges in 
and about Edinburgh, and resigned into their hands, all right, claim or title whatever, 
which he or his successors had to preside as Grand Master over the Masons in Scot- 
land* The brethren accepted of aaid resignation, and took under consideration the 
.proper rnks and regulations to be observed -in the ^lectionof a Grand Master on St. 
Andrew's Day then next. Hie Grand Lodge of Scotland "was then constituted and 
erected on the 80th day of November 17S6, and was composed of representiitives of 
all the Lodges in Scotland, electing office-bearers annually ; so that in fact the Grand 
Lodge is merely a^ depuudon from atl the other Lodges, to legislate for the wbc^i 

The Mother Lodge of Kilwinning not having acquiesced m the erection of tfie 
Grand Lodge, continued to hold an Independent Lodge as formerly, and grant Char- 
teis jis usual to other Lodges of Masons. Several attempts were made to brin^ the 
parties^ together and to. unite in one bod^y the whole Free Masons of Caledonia, biit 
failed tiU the year IS07, when a committee of five brethren was appointed on the part 
of the Grand Lodge, and a. committee of equal number on the part of Kilwinniv^ 
Lodf^ to bring about so deArable an object, and vested by their respective constitur 
ents with full power for the adjustment of their masonic differences* — ^These met at 
Glasgow on tfaerlith day of October 1807, and having exhibited and exchanged thek 
respective powers, and considered the matters indisipute, agreed as fellows, vi2;— 

i« That the Mother Kilwinning l^dge shall renounce aii right dF ^anring Charters 
and come in, along with .all the Lodges holding, under her, ta:tne bosom of the Cfx9md 
'Lodge, n. That all the Lodges, holding off the Kilwinning Lodge, shall be obIi|^ed 
to obtain from the Qraad Lodge, confirmations of their re$pective'£haxter$, for wlueh 
a fee of three guineas onlv shaU be exigible. HI. That the Kilwinning Lodge ahall 
be placed at the head of the, roll pf the Grand Lodge, under the denoinin«ttion of the 
Mqther Salwinninjg ^ and her daughter ; Lodges^ shall, in the mean time, be placed at 
the end of the sa)d roll, and as thev shafl apply for confimiations -,^biit lender this 
express declaration^ that so soon a& the roll shii41 be arranged and corre^ed, wh^^ 
in present conteniplatbn,. the Lodges holding qIT. Mother^ Kilwinmn^r shall be entitled 
to be ranked according to the datesof their 0rigin»l Qharterfir and^ ^f those ^rai^t^dby 
the GtandXodge, IV. That Mother Kilwinning, and her daughter Lodges, t^aH 
have the same interest in, and management of, , the funds of the Grand Lodge, as the 
other Lodges now heMifg off her. :rhe,Kilwi«ai^gTliOdge ooiitribu«iifg ^mnnatty jto 
the said funds, a sum not less ihan two shillings and six pence sterling for each en- 
trant ^ and her daughter Lodees contributing .in ^the same maimer as t&e prt^ent 
Lodeea holding off the GrancT- Lodge. V. iTjat the Master of Rihrinning Lodge, 
und his. successors in orcein ^ time conaiiig, ahalLbe ProvinciaKSrand^M^st^ ovct 
the Ayrshire district. ' 

These, five articles of agreemenfJby the CMimieteea^liav^i been aefcUMalyi^fafified 
and approver of^ by bofh> the - Grand Ledge t)f SoMtaod.aDd the rMotber JiptafvotniY 
Ijodge, whi^ puts M final rest aU masonic sehisui <m the >6iib|ect»' 

Besides^ tlie Mother Lodge, Kilwinncng, diese arethefoUawing^LiMlges atpceteitt 
in the District of Cunninghame ;<^«J3et«k St. J^hasj Bwfricfc Moira^ lnm»SuAn^ 

5 Q 


drews ; Kilmarnock St. Johns; Do. St. Andrews ; Do. St. Jame8'« ; Do. St. Mar-^* 
nock; Largs St. John's ; Loudoun New*mUls; S tevens ton Thistle and Rose ; and; 
Stewarton Thistle Lodge. The whole of these harmonic societies majr also be consi- 
dered as associations for the relief of the sick and indigent. They all have funds ap- 
propriated to that purpose — some of them very considerable. The last one mention-.- 
ed, Stewarton, has at present a common stock of h5l2f and the average aliment for 
the last five years^ paid to sick and indigent members, amounted to L35 ICs. yearly. * 

HARDYKNUTE.— (See p. 266.) 

The famed metrical Legend of H?.rdyknute has been supposed to apply to the ' 
Battle of Largs and to be connected with the old castle of Glengarnock. But that 
Legend itself, notwithstanding all its merit, is imaginary, and like to some justly- cele- * 
brated legends of the present day, disguises the sober records of truth by decorating* 
them with the fictions of fancy. There arc different 'accounts given of its origin. 
Percy, in his Reliques of Ancient Poetry, with a strong bias to believe its authenticity, 
yet candidly confesses, that " after all, there is more than reason to suspect that most 
*« of its beauties are of modern date ; and that these at least (if hot its whole existence) * 
«« have flowed from the pen of a lady within this present century, (written in the 18di.)r- 
«« The following particulars may be depended on. One Mrs. Wardlaw, whose maid^- 
•' en name was Ilalket, (of the family of Pitferran,) pretended she had found this Poem 
** written on shreds of paper, employed for what is called the bottoms of clues* A^ 
€* suspicion arose that it was her own composition. Some able judges asserted it to' 
*' be miodern. Tlie Lady did in a manner acknowledge it to be so — by adding three 
*« stanzas that were not m the copy first printed." These are the last three in the * 
poem. It was first printed about the year 1720, partly at the expence of the late 
Duncan Forbes of Culloden and the late Sir Gilbert Elliot of Minto, both of whom 
believed in its antiquity. It was made more generally public in 1760i hy Ramsay in ' 
his Evergreen. The second part was invented by Pink^rton^ and afterwards publish*' 
ed by him in 1781. In the preface to his Scottish Ballads he says, that Sir John Hope* 
Bruce of Kinross, was the author of the first part, which Sir John said he found on 
vellum in a vault at Dunfermline, . Mr. McDonald, in his History of Scottish Poetry,* 
imputes its origin to the same source with the Editor of the Reliques — ^saying «« that^ 
«< it was written by Lady Wardlaw of Pitreavie, and adds, that thts beautiftil firag-^ 
** mqnt is one of those literary curiosities that seems to. have surprised the world, first 
<< by its intrinsic merit, and afterwards in the questionable shape of a rare and antique* 
*« gem of Scottish Poetry/' It may be further remarked that the circumstances re-- 
corded, in this ballad have no affinity with the battle of Largs, and accord with hardly 
any event in Scottish history. — Be it of ancient or modern fabrication, however, tra*' 
dition, ever faithful to its trust, can mw point out the very spot, not far from Larssy < 
where the sous of Hardyknute were playing, when they heard the sound of their fa-, 


L — Commission ly Alary- Queen of Scots to Archibald Craufurd^ second son of John 
Craiifurd of Craufurdlani^ renewing to him his office of Almoner and Secretary to the Queen^ 
nvMch he formerly held from her mother ^ Mary ^ Lorraine^ Regent of Scotland^ with whose 
corpse he had been sent to France, Dated at Joinville in France, 1 7th April 1561. 

<< REGINA*"— << We for the gude trew and thankfuU: service done to- our dear* 
M-est umquhill (deceast) Mother the late Queen Regent of our Realm of Scotland, be. 
<< eur weel belovit clerk Mr. Archibald Craufurd, and for the. gude ^service we hope 
^ he still shall do us in tymes coming, we therefor and for others divers and reason^ 
^* able causes aad vonsidemions moving, us^ Jure receivit and be vr prestents receifcft^ 

<^him in the same office he held in our dearest mother's tyme^ wt sicklike salary as he 
« had of her, and his entrie to be yerto next and immediately after our arriving in our 
« realm^ and from thence to continew in the said office ^t die sum of three hundert 
<^mark& yr for continued ay and quhiie he be providit of ane benefice of greater value 
<<.iu witness whereof* we have subscribit this with our hand and causit affix our signef^ 
«'at Josnville the^ven(eenth day of April, the zetr of God one thousand fyve hun- 
<< dert threescore and ane zeir* (Sdbscribed) << MARIE." 

The impression of the signet is affixed to this document, bearing a regal crown, 
aad the armsr in tlte shield, being that of France, from her marriage with Francis II., 
dkntdiated with those of Scotland, the arms of Scotland lying on the left half of those ' 
of France, being, aaure, three fleurs de lis Or; two on ebief and one on base ; so that 
the fleur de lis on the sinister chief point, and the half of the^fl^r de lis on the base, 
are obscured by the arms of Scotland. 

II«— 71^ Inwntor of ye Queenis Grace Chapell Bayale geir and ornaments now heir in 
ye Paleiss of Halyrmdhouss deliverit he Sir James Paterson sacristane at ye Queenis comand - 
to Semes at Conde Frenchman and varhit of our souverein Ladeis CJiaimer he maistr Archd 
Cratifurd her general maistr Almotter to' he keipit in the wardrop <f Edinburgh* 

Item Imprimis- tu» blew damaiss capis (caps) stripitwt gold. Item, tua reid wel- 
nouss (velvet caps or ooverings) chanipit (perhaps intermixed) wt gold. Item, ane 
fyne caipe of claith of gold qk blew . welnouss feild. Item,* three black welnouss car- 
pis (perhaps carpels*) tor'yemost ane of them studit we gold. Item, tua tunikillis 
(small- coats or vests) wt ane chesabiU of blak welnouss for ye mort stand wt three 
albis annitts stolis (long vests or robes) and samonis and purse. Item twa auld alter ' 
towaUs. Item ane- frontole, and ane pendikill (tassel)- of black welnouss studit wt 
gold. Item fout tunikillis, twa chesabillis, of fyne- clayth of gold^ wt three albis stolis 
samonis annltts and purse. Item ane mess buik of parchment wt ane nobt artiphenate 
of parchment. Item ane coflTer wt lok and key within the qlk thair is pt i»f this forsaid^^ 
garniture. Item ane pendakill of silk ane frontoU of clayth of gold andpurpour velvat. 
All this geyr receivit be me Sernaisvarlot of Chalmer to our Soverane at hyr com* 
mand ye llmedaye of Janver anno 1561 (viz. 156 1-1 562) befor me David LameroL 

There follows in the French language the acceptance of the above ornaments by 
« Sernais de Conde vallet de chambre de la Royne^ His subscription is dated a Lille- 
boor lime de Janvier 1561. • 

It is remarkable that in the above InVentoi^ no mention is made of crucifixes, or* 
images of any kind i If such, had been in the chapel the zeal against Popery was then 
so great, that the chapel would have been immediately destroyed. Also there is no ^ 
mention of the sacred vessels, some of which were perhaps contained in the coffisr.*— •• 
Keith, page 407, saysj-that iiv June J 567, after the Queen had been committed as a 
p^cisoner to the oastle of Locfaleven, << Alexander Earl of Glencairn went to the palace ^ 
<* of Holyroodbouse, accompanied by his own servants only; and demolished the cha-* 
<< pell with all its ornaments and furniture.'' 

III. — Acqwtidnee hjjajnis Earl Of Murray ^ Regent of Siotlartdy to Arcluhald CraU'- • 
fUrdi' Almoner to Queen Mary. 

We James Erl of Murray Lord "lAbernethy and Regent of Scotland grantis me to - 
half ressavit be the handis of/naistr Robert Richartson Tresurer fra ychandesof^ 
maistr Archibald Craufurd Parson of Eglesham this sylver work under qlk he had" 
in keeping of the QuenisJMaijeste. 

Item imprimistne sylver chaless with the patery (border) gylt; Item twa syliver ' 
Ghatiidelaris gylf. Item ane watter fat (vase) wt ane watter stik (spout) gylt. Item 
ane syliver bell gylr. • Item ane purse with ane boist gylt. Item ane cowip (cup) wt ' 
ane cewer (cover) and ane sayer (salver) gylt. Item an crowat wt ane 1yd gylt. Item 
flakkoB (flaggon) yuK 4tat charger gylt.. Item twa hall crowatts, and discharges 

432 An&9m%. 

the said maistr Archibald hereof be thia our aeqtance subacribit wt oot faand *at Sdin- 
broch the thirteenth daye of November in the zier of God 1667 zeirs# 


VJ.'^Giftrfthe watrdcjihe lands tf RndhMin Oe Stmuartry of Jnmaulak, igQumt 
Maty^ in favour eJJohn Craufwrd jfmngtr of Craufurdland i dated ^Bth Deeewiborf 1561. 

Our Soverane Ladv ord^anis ane ktter to be maid under her Pririe Sesll m deu 
forme to her Iiovit John Craufurd aoul and apperand air to umquhill JohiLCraufutd 
of Craufurdland his airis and aflsignais ane or xtait of the gift of ye ward and aonentrea 
of ye mailes fermis proffitis and dewiteis* of all and haili ye ^ndis of .ReidhaU, wt 
the pertinentis lyand within the >Stewartrte of Annandeile, Locdahip of the 8ame» and 
Shefdome of Puipfrei«$, of al) zeiris and termia by gane tfait the aame has been ia oiir 
Soveraine Laddis or her predecesaora handis^ aa^uperiors yrof be resonn of watde or 
nonentries, sen the deceis of umqle Robert Crauiucd of Auchencatme, and Eliaabeih 
Muire hi& spous, quit and free yairof9 or any other last lawful] possessor yairof imme* 
diatetennant to our Soveraine Lady or her predeqessorisof the.same andsiUikeof 
all zeiris axul termis to cum, ay and quhill the lawfull entrie of Ae rightinis air or suns 
yrto, being of lawfull aige, wt the releif yrpf^juhen it tall happin togidder wt the 
mariage o€ the aaid John Craufurd now apperand of Craufurdland, to himself his aitia 
and assignais foraaidisy and biX%&xi% of him be deoeis uniMrent, Ibe- manage «f any 
uther . air or airia maill or femell that sail happin to aiKeeid to the said umqle 
Robert^ Elesabeth* or to ye last lawfull possessor foresaid, in the said lands of Reid- 
hail, wt all proSits ct the aaid mariage with power to ye aaid John hts airis and assjgn* 
ais forsaidis to intromit and tak up the malis fenms proffitis and deiviteis of Ae said 
landia during the aaid epace, and to dispone yrupon, releif foi^esaid, and pvofitis of 
the Sf^d mariage quhen they sail happen at yair plesor, and to occupy ye saide lands 
if they 9iay, or.eet the land to tennents as yai sail dmik esfMient during ye space 
fovsfiud.wt coorte playnt, unlawis, amerciaments, and Eschetis yrof, and wt comon 
pastures free ishe and entree and ail and sundrei others comoditeis, free^ms, &c. 
frilie quietlie, &c. But revocation, &c» and that the said letter be extendit in ye best 
forme wt all clauses neidfuU subscrivit be our Soverane Lady at Edinburgh the S6^ 
day. pf Deeember the zeir oif God 1561 zeirs. MARIE R. 

This notable act of arbitrary power is worthy of a place— not merely as f fact ia 
the history of the.times« but as shewing the comparative wealth <» the parties 
who were the subjects of it ; for this democratic despot was too crafty, even in hia 
acta of oppression, not to preserve a shew of inq>srtiality. 
Excepttd out of «r-— 

Henrietu Maria, late Queen of England ) Charles Stewart and lames Stewart, he. 
^ sons the issue of the late King Charles-— every ^ing they have or had forfeited. Also 
the late Dukes of Hamilton, James and William ( Jdm Earl of Craufnrd^Liodsay, 
James Earl of Calendar, Earl Marshall. Earl of Kelly, Earl of Lauderdale.Jbrlof Lou- 
doun. Earl of. Seaforth, Earl of Athol, Viscount Kenmure. Lord Lorn, Lord Mach- 
lane. Lord Montgomery, Lord Spynie, Lord Cranston, Xord Sinclair, Major-General 
Dalziel, Lieut. -General Middleton,^ Viscount Newburgh, Lord Bareanv, Sir Thomas 
Thomson, James Edmeston Lord of Woomat, Lord Napier, Earl of Glencaim. JBut 
the following Ladies were to receive yearly pensions as under, out of the reflective 
estates that belonged to their families, viz;-:* 

Lady Anne Hamilton, .• - i£400 

Lady Susan Hamilton, ^ • 200 

Elisabeth Duchess Dow. of Hamilton, 400 

and to her four daughters after her 

^ death, the same among tbem. 

The Countess of Crawfurdy - • 400 
The jCpunfeess of Loudoun^ • • 409 
The Countess of Calleader, all her 
former jointure from her former ]m»> 
band the Earl of Qunfenpiltae^ 



Vo the daughters of Earl Marshal^ jf 250 
The Countesi of Lauderdale, - SCO 
Lady Craniton, *• . - 200 

Lady fiargeny, - • . 250 

Lady Thomson, - - 120 

Aiid the following Noblemen and Gen- 
tlemen to be at liberty to manage their 
own affairs on paying the sums as 
General David Lesly, ' - jff4000 

Marquis of Douglas, - - 1000 

His son Lord Angus, - - 1000 

Earl of Selkirk, - - - lOOO 

Heirs of Francis Earl of Buccleugh, 1 5000 
Earl of Galloway, - -* 4000 

Earl of Roxburgh, - - 6000 

Lord Cochran, ... 5000 

Lord Forrester, ... 2500 

Philip AnstTuther, son of Sir Robert, 666 
Sir Archibald Stirling of Garden, 1 500 
James Drummond of Machany, • 500 
Henry Maule, son of Earl Panmure, 2500 
Sir James Livingston of Kilsyth, 1500 
William Murray of Polmaise, - 1 50a 
Earl of Buchan, - — 1 000 

Viscount Dudhope, - * 4500 

Preston of Craigmillar, - - 1500 
Sir Andrew Fletcher of Innerpetfer, 5000 
Sir John Wauchvpe of Nidry, • 2000 

Karl of Perth and Liord Drununondj 5000 

Earl of Winton, 
Earl of Findlater, 
Burl of fiforay, « 
Xarl of Queensberry, 
Sari of Ethy (Noithesk) 
Lord DoiTus, 
Lord Gray, 
Sir Hemrv Nisbet, 
Earl of Panmilre, 
Lsurd of Luttdie, 
Earl of Errol, - 
Earl of Tulibardine, 
Sari of SoQthe'sk, • 

- 2000 
- - 1500 

' • 3500 

- 4000 

- 6000 

- 1500 

- 4500 

- 1000 

- lOOOO 
* -1000 

- 2000 

- 1500 
• ' - SOOO 

Earl of Dalhousie, « 

Earl of Hartfield (Annaatdale,) 
Lord Ross, 
Lord Semple, 
Lord Elphinston, 
Lord Boyd, - - - 
Lord Coopar, 
Lord Balvairdj (Stormont) 
Lord Rollo, - - - 
Earl of Kinghorn, 
Earl of Kincardine, - 
Lord BanflF^ - • 

Meldrum of Tullibody, 
Sir Robert Graham of Morphy, 
Sir William Scott of Harden, 
Hay of Naughton, 
Renton of Lamberton, 
Colquhoun of- Luss, 
Hamilton of Preston, 
Mr.Franciar Hay of Bowsey, 
Arnot of Femey, - ' 

Sir Robert Farquhar, 
Sir Francis Ruthven, 
Scott of Montrotc, 
Rothemay Gordon, 
Collemy, younger. 
Sir John Scott of Scomarbet, 
Laird of Gosford, 
Laird of Bachilton, 
Mercer of Aldey, • 
Earl of Rothes, 
Lfettt.-Gok>nel Eliot of Stobs, 
Sir Lewis Stewart, Advocate, 
Patrick Scott of Thirlestane, 
Sir James Cat michaei, 
Sir Patrick Cockbum, Clerktnton, 2000 
Sir G. Morrison of Preston*<Graoge, 2000 
Murray of Stanhope, ^ - 2000 

Total of the whole, rfl 6 1 ,055 
To be paid unto George Khon, Deputy 
Treasurer at Leith; one half by the •2d day 
of August 1 654>, and the other half by the 
2d day of December, same year. 


« 2000 


- 1000 

- 1500 

- 1500 

- 3000 

- 1500 

- 1000 
. 1000 
. 1000 

- 1000 
• 1000 



- 1000 

- 1000 

- 2000 
. 1000 

- 2000 

- 2000 

- 1000 

- 3000 

- soo6 

- 500 

- 1000 

- 1500 
« 1000 

- 1500 

- 1000 

- 1000 

- 1000 

- 1000 

- 2000 

- 2000 


'This Noble family is from the sanie origin with the Stewarts. The fiyst of them,. 
Simon, was a younger brother of Walter the High Stewart who lived in the beginning 
cff the I2th century. Hewas called 5^^^/, from his yellow hair ; and hence the fami- 
ly assumed the surname of Boyd. His descendant, Sir Robert, joined the party of 
Bruce, in the great contest about the year 1305, and was rewarded by that Prince 
wfth a'^rantof the Lordship of Kilmarnock and other latge possessions in Cunning- 
hame, that foTnierly belonged to Balliol. — Thomas, the' 11th generation, and son of 
Sir Robert Boyd> married about the year 1468 the Princess Mary, sister of James IlL 

5 B 

434 AnȣNDiXe 

and wa3 then created Earl of Arran. Thts ekratioft subjected the £unil]i to grearen* 
T/j and well nigh occasiooed their ruin. Thomas died m exile> whikt the estates of 
the family were forfeited, and his uncle was brought to the block* Hi^ son^ Jaines» 
hj the Princess Mary, is mentioned in the Craufurdland history, p. S40, under the 
title of Earl of Arran, and is there said to have been killed in a feud by the Earl o£ 
Eglinton. There is nothbg of thie to be found in neither the history of the Eghn* 
ton family, nor in that of Kilmarnock ;. yet from what Boyd of Trochrig says respect- 
ing himi it may be inferred, tha^he was prematurely cut off by violent means. Hi» 
words are << In q>se adolescentis flan periii inUnicorum insidiis circumventus** — ^The family 
was raised in the Peerage to the title of Earls of Kilmarnock in 1678, in the person, 
of William the ninth Lord Boyd*- In 1745 William the fourth ^arl took the fatal 
step of joining Prince Charles Edward, for which he was afterwards forfeited, and 
was beheaded on Tower-hill Aug. 18. 1746. Bis eldest son, James Lord Boyd^ who^ 
took the part of the King in that Rebellion, recoirered'llie lands in consequence of a 
trust deed dated in 17S2, and confirmed by the House of Peers in 1*752* He suc«* 
ceeded in 1758 to the title of Earl of Errol, on the death of his grand-aunt Mary^ 
Countess of Errol, in her own right. • These honours remain still in the family^ being 
enjoyed by his grandson William Hay Carr, present Earl of Erroland 2Sd generation 
from the above Simon Boyte, and 23d generation also fraia- William deHaja, the 
first in authentic record of the Errol family who lived ia the reign of David 1. intec 
1124 et 1153. 


The first of them who settled in diis oountry was WtamekM^ said: to have com9 '' 
from England in the reigu of Malcolm IV. and to have obtained from Hugh de' MoT'* 
viUe^ about the middle of thel9tb century, the manor of Cunninghame in the parish 
of IQlmaurs, from whence Ihis descendants assumed the name. They obtained addi^ 
tional lands from Robert Bruce. About the yeaor 1400, Sir William, the llth^gftne- 
ntion, married a co-heiresa of Dennieston of that Ilk, and- with her acqmreflr ^eaf 
pnsifssions, of whieh a large part is stitf^ possessed by hie desccudftnts* Aieocaadcr^.. 
iIm; thirteenth generation, was raised to the dignity or Earl of <ylencaini (part of the 
Oeonieston estate,} in i48i6. Alexander, the fifth Eavl, was a keen jpaitizati of the 
Reformation, and, as such, was distinguished by the name 6tthe Good Eart* Wiliiaai; 
tbr Qnth Earl lived in the troublesome times of Charles L-and Oliver. CromwvH^ anJf 
died Chancellor of Scotland in 16M. His opposition to the tyrany of Cfomwelf/ 
mcide him cake the field against the Government of that energetic usurps, aFwhicb>- 
an. account ia subjoined below^ John tlte fifteenth Earl and 2Sth generation^ died-iat 
1796, when the honours of this elder branch became extinct for waar of iiliaie issue ;> 
but the Barony of Finlayston is possessed atill by a. descendant of the family^— W. C. C* - 
Graham of GartouNre, grandson of ^ Lady Margaret Cunniaghame,wftowitS eMests 
daughter of. William twelfth Earl of Glencaim. . 

Account of the Earl of Glencaim'^expedmbn in the Highlands, is-dte years i6Sftv 
and 1654 $ by one who was an eye and ear wtlnees to every transaction. (Graham 
of Deuchry.)-^ 

<< His Lordship left his houseof FinIavston,tn the begisming of Aii^ust 1655 and 
went to Lochem, where several of the Chiefs of the Clans met him ; viz. the Earl of 
Athol, the Laird of Glengary, Cameron of Lochiel, ordinarily called M<Sdeny \ John 
Graham of Deuchrie, Donald MfGrigor tutor of M<Qrigor, the Laird of Invery, Ro^- 
bertson of Strowan, the Laird of M<Naughton, the Lord Lorn late Earl of Arg]de»i> 
and Colonel Blackadder of Tulliallan.--^These Gentlemen, after some few days' co^ 
sultation with his Lordship, did promise to bring out what forces they could with all- 
exprdition.*--*^His IionI$hip in the mean tixoe lay to s^d.^^ the hiUS|r not having: an^^ 


#!fh him but three servants, and the writer of this history, for six weeks.— The first 
forces that joined were 40 foot, brought by the Laird of Deuchrie. In two or three 

days after came the tutor of MKSrigor whh 80 foot ^With this force his I-ordship 

went to the house of Deuchrie, where, within a few days, the Lord Kenmuir joined 
him with 40- horse from the West. Golonel Blackaddet also came with ^bout 30 
horse that he h*l 'got in Fyfe. The Laird of M^Naughton came with 12 horse. 
There were between 60 ind 80 of the Low Country men without horses, but well pro- 
vided with arms, under the conduct of Captain JzUkH Hamilton, brother to the Laird • 
of Milnbum^ii-4hey were called to a nickname Cravats. 

<« Colonel Kyad, Governor of Stirling, being informed that the King's forces were * 
eoitie So heaTi inarched with most part of his regiment of foot and troop of horse to * 
Aberfoil) within three miles of Lord Gfetocairn. • His Lordship having intelligence, 
did march with the small force he had to the passage at Aberfoil, and drew up his ' 
foot very advinttigeousiyv and the horse which were commanded by Lord Kenmure 
formed the wings* He gave orders for Captain Hamilton's Cravats and Deuchrie's 
men to receive the first charge, which they did very gallantly, and at the very first 
tAdiie the enemy^ retire* The Generid. perceiving this, commanded the Highlanders to 
pursue, as ^Iso Lord Kenmure's horse. On this the enemy began to run in earnest. 
They lost about 60 men on the spot, and ic was said about 80 in the pursuit^ — no 
prisoners were taken on-either side. 

« His Lordship received reinforcements daily, and then marched to Locheam, and 
from that to Loch Ranoch, where at the Hall m the isle of the Loch, the Chiefs of 
the Clans met him. From thence he dispatched commissions to the Lowlands for 
men and horse and for seizing all the arms they couM find.—^everal of the Clans 
jdined him here. Th^ Laisdof Glengary brought 900 men} Ouneron ofLochiel' 
400 i the tutor of M'Grigor 200 ^ Sir Alrthur Korbes, and Gerard Irvine his Lieut.- 
Coloneif and several oBScers, came with about SO'men on horseback. The Earl of 
Athoi likewhe brought 100 horsey and a regiment of brave foot consisting of 1200 ' 
nwn/ commanded by Aildrew Drummon'd, brother of Sir James Drummond of Ma- 
hany, his Lieut.-Golonel.-^Those Noble persons gave commissions to several of their 
firiends to ga t6 the Lowlands and levy what men they could. The army then march- 
ed down towards the Marquis pf Huntlie's bounds, where several Gentlemen came in.. 
-—The Laird of Invery had a rendezvous^ in Cromar for upUfting a regiment. General -* 
Moigan, who lay at Aberdeen, being informed of the day of their meetings drew out - 
of the several nmSbns 2000 foot and 1000 dragoons, and marched with mese against 
tit day and ni^t, we not having intelligence. He fell in with our outer guards, and ' 
pursued them so hdtly that our fovoes had much ado to draw up ; but John Giaham 
of Deuchrie^ with 4d of his-men, gave the enemy a smart fire, and by good fortune ' 
killed the Oi&cerw'hd commsmded this party, which Would have entered the glen be^^i^' 
fore vt% bnt the loss^of their commander checked their career. 

<^ In the mean tihie Lord Kenmure, who commanded the van, marcbed with.> 
great haste to our refief.* * The foot took the glen on both sides, which led us to the 
Laird of Granfs ground, 'caUedAbemethy Wood. Morgsm having now gotten up his 
foot, onhnred them to^ march up the glen after ours, be himself charging at the mouth 
of the gleif. • Lord Glencairn seeing him pursue so hotly, kept the rear with' some ' 
6entlem«i, smd would not change his horse, though he was mounted on a nag not 
K^orth loa med:s Scots. Those who wafted on him were the Laird :bf M<Naughton^r 
Sir Mdnga Bfurray, who UOed one of the. enemy -s officers as they entered the pass f> 
Nathanid Gordon'sFson, a- brave Gentli^an ^ JMajorOgilvie y Captain Ochtrie Camp*- 
Ml ;>Captain^John'Rutherfor4f who wants a leg ; Colonel Blackadder ; . the Laird of 
OBgdgstry ; 'Loi^ M^lDonaU V^^md a few other brave Gentlemen I <annot name. The ' 
1^ was so strait for the horses, that at most only two could march abreast, and in 

pimbttt one. THc enemy w«s SQ eager that they fought op fofiSt as often »&:• 

436 ^PPENDK. 

on horseback. We had -8 miles to travel through it before we ceuld reach the 
of Grant's country ; and the enemy did not give over the pursuit till night parted us. 
Morgan lay in the glen all that nighty and next day marched to Cromar, and from 
thence to Aberdeen. 

« We lay in this country about five weeks, and also in Badenoch. Lord Kenmure 
was sent with 1 OO horse to Argyle to bring up what: forces Lord Lorn ,had raised. 
He had .got together IQOO foot and 50 horse who joined us in Badenoch, but Lorn 
being discontented in a fortnight's time, m^irched away, with his forces on the 1st d^y 
of January 1654". 

« Our General having intelligence of this, in thenight 8ent'G}engary and Lochiel 
with as mpny me:i as could be got ready in time to pursue him, and bring him back 
witli his forces or other.,wise to fight him. Lorn marched straight for the. Castle of 
Ruthven of Badenoch, a house belonging to Huntly, wherein was an £nglish garrison. 
Glengary being eagf r in the pursuit, overtook him before he got within half a mile of 
the castle. Lorn seeing this slipt off* with what horse he had) and left the foot to 
Glengary's mercy. He presently commanded a parity of horsf. to follow Lorn, but it. 
could not overtake him, but brought back about 20 of his horse. His foot being 
drawn up on a hill, beat a parley and oiFered to return to his JMajesty's service- 

" Gkngary not satisfied with this, was going immediately ^o fall upon them, for he 
had an old grudge against them since the great Montrose's war. But Glencaim then 
. coming up, and hearing of what they had offered, ordered them to be .t^ld^.ihat he 
would not treat with them till they laid down, their arms, which they imm^iately did. 
The General and several of the Officers then went to them, and they all declared they 
were ready to re-enter his Majesty's service, and \vouldnot again desert. On this he 
caused both officers ^and privates to take an oath, which th^y did very freely i but in 
less than a forinight not one of them were to be seen in our army, and we saw not 
lu.ord Lorn nor any of his men since that time. — ;There,was one Col. Vogan who join- 
ed us from England, wuth near 100 Gentlemen^-well armed and mounted. The Co- 
lonel himself unfortunately died gf wpunds he received in a rencounter with the Bra^ 
:fi7i Wall regiment, as they called themselves ; but notwithstanding,, he routed them 
and killed their commanding Officer. It \» as said, that in all the wars this regiment was 
never beat till now. The wpunds of this brave Gentleman were healed at the time> 
but afterwards broke out afresh, . which occasioned his death. His troop remained 
with us till we were dispersed at Lochgary. 

« Our army both horse and foot, being now greatly increased by the nijw levies 
that were every day joining, Glencaim, \vith the rest of the Officers, thought fit that- 
we should march down to the Lowlands of Aberdeenshire. ,So we went by Balvenie 
to a place called Whitelooms, nc;ar which. was a garrison of the enemy, in the castle of 
Kildrumie belonging to the £arl of Marr — ^Morgan not daring then.toface us, know- 
ing our army to be stronger than his. After we had been here a fortnight, we marck* 
ed into Murray-shire, where we lay a month, our head-quarters being at Elgin.— The 
English had two garrisons in Murray ; one at Burgie and the puier at Caddie-— 
but neither of them molested us, and we lived very merrily. We had ate up the 
whole country where we lived in the Highlands. — ^The Marquis, son to the great Mon- 
trose, joined our General at Elgin, with above 20 Gentlemen'. Lord Forrester like- 
wise with some, as did little Major Srrachan. — ^'fhe .General here received notice from 
Lord Middleton of his arrival in Sutherland with several officerS;from jiis Majesty, viz. 
Major-General Munro, as his Lieutenant ; General D^lziel, as Major? General of horse 
and foot ; Drummond, as Major-Gefieral of foot ; Lord, Napier, as Colonel of a regi- 
ment, &c. He now ordered his army to march.immcdiately for.Sutherland. Morgan 
having intelligence of this, marched on our rear, and as we passed through Murray 
had many small skirmishes with us, in which our noble General was always present^ 
tajking care that fresh parties were at hand to relieve those who were engaged. In 

tbis iifuimer . we; w^e %foflof^ two days itf)d tMro iiigto.«>^We inrealed tine hodse^ of 
Biodie of Letham^ wbp h^a it with a gsurrison ^ ,y ^ own JOftftf jRit the Eil^iBliu He 
ref use4> to . capkuhte, and kilkd 5 or 4. mea ffcim tbe wwdowfr as . thtfy» approacted^ 
His Iiordship -was mmch ineenstdj and caused fiUuplhe court- and- gate with several 
great stacks of com aad set fire.lo it, thinking Ae smoke would stifle diem, but it 
took wHt that; effect— 'they still heldoot and we lost 4 or 5 men noi^ 6re we left k. 

<« Qoat General Oft the n^ominghefote we niarehed away ordered ail the bam-»yanls 
on Letham's lands to be burnt* This was all the skaith by his orders that Was done 
dum^ his conima«d.«— We next marched ^to a pass 8 miles above Inverness, wheve 
we transpocted the whole army over the Ness and Uy in great safety, the English hav* 
ing no garrison northrof ttS.-«--Lord Glencaim then sent to Dornoch to receive Lont 
.Middleton's commands, who was now Captain General,, and after soine dayis spent, 
Middleton gave ordefs for a general rendezvous of the whole army, that he might see 
liow the men weie anned and oMOnted, and what he had to depend VKpon^^^Thej 
were mustered ,abouC the-middie of- Maich and^ found to. consist of 9,500 foot and 
1600 horse^ of which 4ast 900 werernot well mounted nor artQed.-^There was a small 
English Pink cast away on the shore laden with from So to 40 tons of Frendi wine 
winch was distributed among the Officers—Lord Gkncairn was ordered a ton of it^^a^ 
The army being ^wn out in^mker^ Loid Glencaira wsot througlKeRrery regiifaent and 
informed them all, that he had now no command but merely as si priv^rte C^lonel^ and 
hoped they would aU be happy 40 have such a brava Commander as Lord Middleton > 
and so wished them all well* . It was easy to see that the men were not well' satisfied 
with the change* 

<« After ^He'CenckadMiddletonidid^ntevtaiti them all in their quarters. i«ord 
Clencaira then invited him and the. General Oflcers to dine^with him at Kettle, a 
house 4 miles south . fvom-JXirnoch 'the head quarters. His Lordship gave tfa^m as 
ffood cheer ^ the country eould afford, and made them ail very hearty. After dimier 
he called £or a glass <rf: wine and expressed .himself to this purpose to die GMerul. 
«< li^ou seCf my Lord^ what ^gallant arm^ I and these^noble Gentlemen have raised 
« out of noting. 4 They have hazarded life and fortune to setve his Majesty. Your 
«< Excellenoy oiight therefore to give them all the encouragement you can«'*«— <Ianne- 
diatfly Sir Georgcf Munro started from his seat and interrupting Glencairn, said,-i-^ 
<< By Oodt the men^fou speak of are no other than a pack of thetves and robbers. In 

<« for thej are neither tbeives i^ rogues, bud much better than any you could raise.'* 
l\£ddleton commanded thcmiboth to keep th|B peac^ ^^ and addressing them botK^ said> 
— << My Lord, and you. Sir George, this is not the way- to do thcf King service^ to &lt 
«« out among yourselves. I wHl have you both to be friends i** and calling for a glass of 
wine, saidf ^< My Lord Glencaim,— ^you di44he greatest wrong in calling Sir George 
<< a liar, "f ou shall drink to him aiid he shsdl pledge you/' wUch the noUe and good 
Lord did, but Sir Oeorge muttered some words rhat were not heard, and neither 
pledged hiiii nor drank to him.— ^Middleton returned to his head quarters, and Glen« 
cahn after having; comuyyed him a mile returned to his owti quarters, having withhlMi 
Colonel Blackadder and John Gr;^I|ai^ j^f Peuohrie. lie became very merry when he 
came home and caused the Laird's daughter to play on the. Virginals and all the iei'^- 
vants to dance. Just as he was -going to supper^ Alexander Munro,. brother to Sfap 
George, called at the gate, when his Lordship received him Very courteously Add 
brin^mg him in p)ace4 him at the head of the table ne]U the Laiid's- daughter, hk^ 
mediately after supper dancing was renewed^ and while the rest were dancing hi^ 
Lordship slipt aude to the window and Munro followed* They didnor s^eak a do^sim 
pS wocfls together. My Lord called for a glass of wine and drank to- himi and said hd 

5s " 

438 appeJohx.^ 

feared he would beioo late to go to head quarters. He immediateljr calleS for canAe's ■ 
and went to bed. .Blackadder and^Deuchrie lay in the room with htm^ and the whole * 
family went to bed. None was privy to My Lord's derigitbut John White his triun* ^ 
peter and valet. .It was agreed, "as the nights were short)' My 'Lord should meet Muh* ^ 
ro halfway betwixt Ddrnoch and Kettle^^by fray tia^ight-^'i^o that his Lordship had '*- 
hardly two hours' sleep. The two Gentlemen who were - in the room did not know ' 
of his going nor of his return. None* went "with him but the trutttpetery and Munro 
came with none but his brother. They were both on hbtsebacfc; £ach were to dis- -' 
charge one ]MStol and' then to fight^ith"^ broad swords. The pistols ^xrere fired with* ' 
out effect ; they then drew their swords, when after a few passes- Sir George g6t a ■ 
sore stroke on bis bridle hand. He "Aen called out that he was not abl^ to guide his * 
horse ; " and Ihope," says he, *« you will fight me on foot.''-i-«< You carte," 'says the 
Earl, << I will let you- knOw that I am a match forvou, either on foot or Wseback ;" 
and at the first bout he gave Sir George a sore sth>ke on the brow about aii inch above " 
his eyes, which bled^o much that he could not see« His Lordship was going to thrust ' 
lum through the body, when John White -his^ man pushed -by his sword, and said, 
<< you have, enough ot him -my' Lord." His^ Lordship in a passioir gave John ^ slap - 
over the^shoulders, and then mounted his horse and rode home,' whilst Munn> had ' 
much to do to get to his quarterr* on account of the bleeding.<»— Middleton being in« ' 
formed of this, instantly sent Captain^ Ochtrie Campbell, and pub Lord <!fencaimxin- * 
der arrest, and took^his parole not to disobeyt-* This happened on a Sunday morning. ' 
—Soon after this, a Captain Livingston, a paitizan of Munro, ^ had a* quarrel with a 
Gentleman named James Lindsay, on the part of Lord Glencaim. They fnet and *' 
fought, when Lindsay kiUed him on the 'spot -, and notwithstanding of all Lord Glen- 
cairn could do to save him, he was shoe by t-sentence of a Court Martial. This ren- 
dered^ the breach wider and wider betwixt Ae parties. His Lofdship^ therefore came "^ 
to the Miolution of retiring from Midjlleton altdgether^ • So'his Lordship on that day ^ 
fortnight,4ifter>^the duel was fotight, set^ out for the sou^;- He took tib more than * 
his own troop with him, and some Ocntlemen vohmteers that were not allotted to aiiy 
particular corps y in all about 100 horse. .We marched by the Laird of Essen^s bounds * 
(Assint); MiddJeton having notice of this, 'sent a* strong party to bring him back or to / 
nght him ; but the Laird of Assint offered his services to secure the passes so that no ' 
army could come near him' that night. - His Ijordship 'accepted' of the favour — and ' 
malong no delay, in his march proceeded next da/ for Kintail, where he was very 
kindly received by the Gentlemen t^-Lord SeafortVs name, aiid ^tajf^d th^re some ' 
days to refresh his men and horses. Frdm' this he proceeded to Loch Brune ; from 
tnence to Lochaber i and next to Loch Ranach ; and then to Kiilin, at the head of ' 
Loch Tay, where he rested for eight days, tin Sir George Maxwell, his own Lieut.* ' 
GQlonel>had brought him about 100 horse. 

" The Earl of Selkirk here joined him wiA about 60 Tiorse, and Lord Forrester, 
with little Major Strachan ; and one who was under the name' of Captaiii Gordon— 
but whose real name was Portugus,'an Englishman— with 80 horse : he was afterwards 
hanged at the Cross of Edinburgh, by the Commonwealth* men, for having formerly 
deserted fro;n them. Several more joined him with their men, bu^ his Lordship 
diought fit to send them to Gen. Middletpn, that the King's service might not suffer, 
and they went accordingly. He'^ifontinued- to travelby easy journeys, being" weakly 
in bis health, with none with him but his own^servants and some few Gentlemen that 
had commissions. He came at last to Leveuj'and took up his quarters whh the Laird 
of Luss at Rosedoe. He again levied some men in the Lowlands, and within a month ' 
had^ot together about 200 horse.— -General Middletbn, whom we left in the end of ' 
AprUi in Sutherland, marched into Caithness, expecting reinforcements from Lord 
Seaforth and Rae, that Munro had assured him of, but was disappointed. • From this 
h^fioarched sottth«---*Monk now commanded in Scotland^ and had a considerable force. " 

A^EKDlXi 4S9 

Calling out what men could be spared from gamaons, he gave part of his armf to 
M6rgan— andboth set out from Aberdeen by different roads, but still -near each other, 
for the Highlands, in -search of Middleton* 

«« MidSietoh marched to Lochgarie, vrhere there was a small town at which he 
meant to ^camp all night, but Morgan who had^th^ same intention, got there be- 
fore him, neither of them having intelligence of the other. The two van guards got 
immedxatelf into action. There was rtd ground f«r drawing up-t^the glen being so 
very narrow, that hardly could two or three march abreast. Middleton Ending this,- 
commenced a retreat, his van then becoming the-Year, -and that being the place wher^ 
the English Gentlemen in his atmy were posted, they behaved most gallantly. Morgan 

Eursued very clo^e, tiH at last he made himself master of the General's sunytmry where 
ir Commission was and all hiis papers — and pressed so hard that the King's army ran 
as fastas they could and in great confusion. There was no great slaughter, as night 
came on soon after they Were ei^ged. Every man shifted for himself and w«nt 
where he best tould. Some few kept with the General, but where they went I can 
give no accounts He appeared hi armsf no more after tUs, but Went ever to his mas- 
ter in Flanders. * 

<< Manv of Lord ^Glencaifti's men who w^e in liiis engagement returned to him 
and ofiered their servtce^^t Rosedoe j but he told them Aat the King'^ interest was 
now broken in Scc^land, by the shanlof ul fCght at Lochgarrie, and that he nowintend- 
ed to capitulate for himself and those^ that were With him, and if they pleased they 
might be included. They, after ^deliberation, agreed to his proposal ; and which, vU 
ter some negotiation with General Monk, was accomplished on the 4th Sept. 16£4^ 
and^at same night Lovd Glencatm returned ta his«house of Finlayston." 



1. ROBERT by the Grace ot Goo King of the Scots, To all good men of this - 
whole country, Greetings <• Know ye that ^ehavesiranted and by this our present ^ 
Chiirtef confirmed to the Burgesses t>f Irwyii and to?&ir succesters Uving in the said '• 
Burgh, that they be^'free and acquk from payment of all toU^ahd* custom on their chat* - 
telh carried through our whole Kingdom, lasMS more fully contained in a Charter • 
gnmted for that purpose to the said Burgesses tby Lord Alexander-thef -second of ven^ - 
erable hiemory formerly King^of th« Scots eur predecessor. We have also - added and - 
granted and by this our presentCharter do confirm for ourselves and our heirs to the said 
Burgesses and iheir successors, that they be altogether acquit and perfectly free from - 
the' toll which they were wont to payin our Burgh of Are before this our present . 
Charter. Thbkstoivb, we strictly order 'uader pain of full forfeiture, that -no one 
contrary to this our granti presume to vex oppress or 'disturb the said Burgesses jor 
their successors. '»^ In testimony of whichvwe have caused our -seal to be appended td - 
this our present Charter. Witnesses^ Bernard Abbot of Arbroth our Chancellor, » 
Wilteri Steward of Scodand ; James Lord of Douglas, Gilbert de H/iye^Our Constable, . 
and R<A)ert de Keth our Marisehai Knight. At Glasgow the twelfth day of May in 
tt^ 'seventeenth year of our reign. . 

' $. InNtht^name of God. Amett.' Let it evidently appear to all men by^his« 
public Instrument, That in the year from the incarnation of bui^Lord one thousand • 
four hundred and forty -four, >In the seventh Indiction on the twelfth day of May and 
in the fourteenth year of the Popeship of tke most Holy Father in Christ Lord Euge- > 
nius IV. Pope, In presence of me Notary ' Public and of the witnesses subscribing . 
being personally constituted, a good man John Spens Baillie of the Burgh of Erwin > 
jmblicsdly skewed certain evidents or Indentures made- betwixt the Burgesses^ of the ^ 
satd Burgh of Erwin andljord Godfrey de Ross, sealled by the seal of the said God«-^. - 
frey de Rosi and^deliveied them to be read over, of which the tenor follows in these^^ 

44iy ArflNlMStr 

firstbefore theMist of Se.7ohn the Baptien More Lord |oIm de Bilk (BalliMlT' 
Lord William Earl of Marr, Lord Hugh de BolK $6ie of the ^aid Lord |olut/ Ldid 
Hogii bimher of 4ie sai4 Lord John, Lord Jpeek de BalL Leni Tbomat Gnefj,iiMlt 
Stephen le Flemings Lord Odinell the ton otf RsidoUbs and others, r record wf^madfe 
at Erwiil betwixt the Bui^^ses -thereof and Lord Godfrey deRostji 1^. the asfent and 
goodwill of e«t>h p&rty» vie. by Lovd'Jiogh 4^ Crawfiufdt Lord Fergus de^Ardmsiaat 
Lbrd WlUl^ai de Doulop, Master Godfrey de Ro«s, DaTid^MonlThflmagxle Stitbhill' 
AdamBrowny Hfehard Brown and Wtllvim d^Govtnsk^f whovaf that all contend 
tions ^d quarrels cesses exaei!iOf>s^ and detnands beiqg;pvitaa end to by , a certain final 
agreement betwixt Ae said Bw^esses oivthe one paft and-the aaid Lord Godfrey on 
the^bet parf} respeceing the tenantty of H^rmisaoek (Armshetgh ?) with the perti* 
neats^in which the daid Burgesses daioied comaion paetttrag0. to. belong to then ai 
thdr right. . It b a^eed betiirii^t them as fdlowl, that die saMv Burgesses Kare grant** 
ed for themseWe^ and their l|leiiiti txr suebe^sort to the said Lord jQbdfrey and his hejbra. 
to iKive aiktf^^beld weH ^m^in pe^ice the^whole bmd in the forteid tei^amcv plowed 
and cleared at the day of making the said agreement, paying to them th^ neifWaad- 
sucei^oesffor eve? two merke and st half, vt«. the half at Mtetiiiasas ia- winter and the 
other-half atPeHtseoit next, in tsme coming, ^Serviog bown^er to th^ said Lord God* 
freyrandrhir heirs A^ wood of Lafighurst so tfialt the said Burgesses' siudl-notpiMtici- 
pateki itspaMure o]^(Dlber*pMdih:tions, that is to ^y the am Burjg^ses' anddiek 
heiijis ox' swQceasors shall. -ev^rj^ whete participate in the siid ten jintcy of .Hormiesiekg 
wiA tke pevtineiM and eastaiss^.opL produce (issiamentis) except inrihe said w«dnI o£^ 
Langhurst and the said ptov^eikdr ahibl^ hinds. Blit aftee the said Lord Godfrey 
and his* heirs shall have carried away the crop of the said plowed lands the said Bur» 
ges^s of Erwin and their heirs and successors shall participate in the said ploughed or 
anAte laiid equsdlf :#&lrhim.aiid hisf tenants withc^t anf impediment or cotitradietibfi^ 
batUt night th^shjdl eVacuatf^- th^ skid ploughed or arable Itad witlf • tbilf catde* 
AiUl'^tiie said LoSrd Oodft«y< and his heirs diall make to die said-Buigf»sea their hem 
or sttccesiors reasonable ish amtfrnry. tor the said pasture irilh th«ir 4e!Retie^ But if 
their eanle. shall be found ddng dam:^ to the said Lord Godfiref or his MeifS^ they, 
shall pif in full to the reaper (Messori) of the place olie pcny only 'bn aoc«ui| of the 
said stray (f schapii) aari the damage shaU be repaid to the said JLord Godftey and Us 
heirs^at di0 sijgfit of good andliege^mfm And i)t is to bekssrwir that'^the said^God* 
frey or hie heirs shall not tn any manner plow harrow or clear out inere gprooad'thaa 
at the time of the said agreement was plowed harrc a ^ e d or ^deared iMtf i nor shall it 
be allowed to any one of them to cot any . tim b er iirthe woods .of the said pastum for 
sal^ or applying it m their owfi use without the.will and eonsenr4|f ^axh P^ttj. And 
for miint^dning this conveqtioq ?nd final agreem^ on. eacb party thesaid Lead God* 
iity as well as the said Burgesserof Irewin fateeToiuBtarily pfaNlged their fiiitb')»efeni 
Ae Lord Abbdt of Kilwh^ning'* And fiurther it is to be known that tho^aaidGodi* 
frey Md the said Burgesses 'and ^cir heiio or .sucoessbrs .shdl hanre Acst-aOowanM 
fiDtxi:ihe 'iftFpods-of die said pasture for -burning and. buSditig without inmdiilient m 
contradiction of either party. And that these forsaid convcntioni and finali^aeementa « 
may ohtaiif^the strength of perpetual eqdiiraiice, eadi of .them.bas gjvoft hiS'^ to the 
o&er party' as evidence in all time coming.'' 

. What follows ismereiytthe testin| danse Iw the Notary Willia>» i die- A tobede 
antf'the namea of Ae witM8ses> via. Sir Edward Conyiighame viaar Q^^iCkwiopit^Sii^ 
Alekaiider Conyrtghame Armig^roi et mukiis aliis. 

5; ROBERl' Duke ot • Albany^ Earl of Fife and .Monteith> and Gmrenmr ^ 4i«f 
KSttgdmtoof &)otUndi to^att and simdiy to whoso kimrledge thepreaesii ie|ter» iM^ 
ccfefet Gfeetipgi Because it is pious and meritorious to b«nr testimony to ifae ti«tba 
and panfeuhivly jn » cause or case in.which conceahnent of the tnithi Msfee(iPC.<«ll 

uad heritage mi^^tbecveattd t« iniKk;enrpersans; Htuuit is tM we npttfy to yow 
all bv.the tenor of these present; letters^ that on account of a certain disagreement mof- 
.Yed oetwixt the BaQlies Burgpsses and conlmunity.of the fiurgh of Irwjneon the Qtif 
njtrt, and William Frauxices of Stane on the other part, respecting a certain ddim c£ 
heritable possession of a piece of moor lying at the- west end of the- chap^ of Saint 
.^ndgidie in theVBarooy. of Conynghame in the sheriffdom of Are, en account -fif 
whicn disagreemeiu mov^d betwixt the said parties and for avoiding the jivU and 
loss which might t|ience ariac) we caused the said piece of moor with its pertinents 
to be duly reoogno^ced into our hands a long time ago. And afterwards {qx put- 
ting a termination to the said disagreement and for seeing -declaring and £nal}y dedec** 
mining to whickof the said parties the said pieoe of moor with die pertinents ougl^t 
to belong, and of right and . reason to remain with^ ive caused to be duly, sum* 
mt)ned by our Baillib of the Barony of Conynghame by our letters patent under our 
seal» the aforesaid>partios together with the better and more fatthfill men of the coun- 
try, in proper person to appear befoi'e us on Saturday Ae 24th*day of July in the year <i£ 
our Lord 1417- andof our Go^reriYment the twelfth vear, personally on the said account.^ 
On which day the said summons ^ing dnlyproved before us then by good and faithful 
men of the country by whom the truth of the thing could be better known, tfaehr great 
oath intervening viz. John de Camera de Gadgirtfa, John Locarde dele Bar, Robt. Koos 
4e Tarbart, John de Arnot de Lochrig, Robt;de*FergushiU^e eodem, Henry de Conyng- 
hame, John Boyle de Caleburn, Alex. Ffozer de Knock, Finlaum Monfode de eodem^ 
Johnde Langrauir de eodem, Ji6hn Honril, Gilbert Spere, John Gibbounson, William 
Dobynsoun and Adam Lachhme; -We-caused to b^ diligently and faithfully enquii^d 
which of the said parties'was m possesion of the satdpiece of moor at the time of our 
recognition aforesaid ; who being sworn and well aftd maturely advised and councelled^ 
in one voice with no difference, said^ deiebi^dand finally determined diat the aforsaid 
Batllies Burgesses and €onmiunitf were in possession of the said moor witH the perti- 
ttelits at the time of oOf nicognition above mefitioned. Ahd' therefore the sa^d moor 
with the pertme^itvin presence of many chiefs of the realm. Barons Knights and Nobles 
of the KingANay viz. Murdoch Stewart of Kynclevine our Lieutenant; John Stewart 
Earl of Buchan oar deairest sons (John de Montgomeri de Ardrossan, Winfridode 
Conynghame de Auchtermachane, Knight, Alexander de LevingistOun de Kalendare^ 
William de Conynghame > de Kilmawris, and Archd. de Conynghame de Auchinbowie^ 
.and many others of deliberate cpuneel.- We delivered in surety to the said Baillies 
Buigesses and eommunity a» possessors of the sanie as we were bound and ought to do 
m coAseqMjaee of the office we had undertaken, See. &e. 

. • - ii-ii'i • ^' 

*ENCO»NTER AT DRUMCLOG.— (See p, 358)— Abrid. from Wodrow's Hist. 
• WheA'Cfovt^house arrived it Strathaven he'had <8stinct accounts that Mr. Thomas 
Douglaa ^^*t6 fyreach tliat day. near to Loudoun Hill 3 or 4 miles westward, and 
there he iresolved to 'march wirii hi$ party and prisoners. These were Mr. John King 
aiMll^ countrymen, wh»m he had seized' oh the day before at Hamilton, Public 
"WorsMp waa begun by Mr. Dtfugfesj^cn accounts came that.Clavcrhouse was ooming 
ii|ion them-^aU who had ^rtns dr*w*out frort thertst,^ resolving to meet him^ and pre- 
vent hian^dismtastng the MMiHig, and'if posifibiei f^lWtne Mr. Ring and the ofh^r pri- 
soners. They got together about 4b horse ahdfrotn 150 to 200 foot j ill provided 
widi ammimiiMm' MA untt^ined-^but ^«frff In 'fte: catisc. They came up witfi' the 
^tioopsitoa-flMiiriiear'DrttUiielOgyfWm^ wWnce thi^ rencounter had' its name. This 
little party of umtiscipHned counfrymeii vcfry bravely stood Claverhouse's first fire, 
.and returned it ^with spiritP;:iartdJiil^ Vehort bhi close actioir the soldiers gave way, 
the ptispncrs wefe TeBcued,.'said*ChV6Krh4»Use and his mi^ fled and wefc pursued ja 
mile or two. In the fight and p«)pstti& there were abotkt ^, $6tde ^ay 40, soldiers 
killed* Clarerhouse him«elf was in gr^t Jia^ard, had his hor^ shot under him« and 

5 T 



4^ •kfteirBi& 

li^ ^msOBerty iN^b(tNsi'h4irm|( <$»trtn^, diejr A hinI a t e d iyMriiJut aA^^ fairer injury; Ail- 
t^wai dotie ^tli'Vcarj htfle loss .on the part t>f tte ^ntfttymen. -3Qtte: accounts 
mkjfiA^ do'efn^ Johiiv Mbrtoii, iras lolled;' ethers «K]r twcfor three, and sOQie fHr 
j no m u kd . Mr. Halnikm "(of Afrdrie, tfteit Comraaii4er,)iirthis action ditcofeiW 9-* 
%uMaMt of 1>MT«T- Hid t^or.^^-CMier accpums gfare .the honour of the saetesa to 
•IPPiUfaii;! Cfebnd, fffterwards LieutS-Golone]' Clefand, wOiothef say made ^<;ountr]t- 
'fedfdey Upon che^okfiefs {^r^enting^their pieces and !fiHnr>.f sill flat-t9tfae'ground> so 
Hlut d^f escaped €he shot.' The xiumberof men tfa^tt'vianrerbouse had Serais not • 
-flitaliooed. — Onll^ it t^^stated, tiiat on the preceding day, lie hitd &i| o^ti troop, tw^-* 
«lher^ and some fi)^ grven hhn at €Sasgow to go on: this expedition* 

CaiiBilONiiNs ; or rather, as they call themselves. ReformHb PBASBTTEHiAMs* 

TAtfjCanoot .SJljffCtlj Jbe ca^ed ^S^edm fff Pi^sentevs^ idfi astsbejr juit^f.afliQrtf 
sfthey xnaiptain no joeMropinioQ^iieitt^^r ip*4uWl nof lo jreljgiMS viatterf^ bvl:*c0|i(^Qil 
merely £)r the ^s^ijie doctriaea ^hiqh -^m^ 'generally r^ix^ived by atl ra^l^s ia Stoitkind « 
(between the yavs li^3K and X^4^» and «"^ich wer^ solemnly tMiSed by iKe X^isI^- 
isx}^ ^ ^e Jifne. .T|iey were ^r^t ;UfCH(guisliQd.f«^ (h^ir.iaitl(;^ in jtfce 
'ieign i)? Qiarlea If. tqwhatibef called th« CovaoaiMed Re{prmatiofi> when they tpsjc 
\mir'ms ,ia*^ir own defence ; JEor >¥JitK:Jtn ardeitt attachment iO .i^e^iausUbeit|i, « 
^ey a}so combined a (Jetes^tkm of.ajrl^itfvtfy. p rjiippl^s m civil Gov^^ciuedeiMf^ . (a tli4t 
^xeign when ttie Pxsest»yterian estahliahm^t Mr^* wbverted-ia Scodand^ and » mongrel 
jluod of .Bpi&ecmacy auemjuted to bcr imposed on the patiort in i|s palate; the di^afiected 
ju>.th!^ jiew oroer-of thii^s took sip artids at various ti^^es lo oppose it* - Aaint Pent- 
laniQuUs Ix^ l£&l > at l|iothweI-Bnc%f ia t«7fl f and «c Ayc-moss in 16$<>,' In^kis. 
past rencounter, one of 43)e most ^eal^^pC ih^ piinisters, Mr. JUdiard Caanlerwi vjta 
jcilledf apd from whqm thi*: party ^MEe,. at the ttoi^ designated. .The Revolution in 
J6tt^ 9Kaa^^Jti^Us4 by thqnn, ^as a natiofM^ideUvecaucet.andJn ^ foUmring near a eoft* 
jsl4ej^e nvJQ^^ P^.^bem enrolled tHemselfgs mil r%(kMBt>iin Aupporfcuf tbiit Mia- 
*^UJ^^' It /consisted iof Jdqp)n^P94P)d was rs^d U9^a 3ii%le day. Janww.lairl.of Angiii, 
.|i^ of !the ]h^<iu^ OJ[i39ugla8» was thekQ^W^lf 9x4 WMiam Cleland, wlu> dtstin- 

SiisHed himself ^ ^hrumclog^ was Lieut-rColonels. SK^ it wai^ otherwise cffioeved l>y 
entlemen ixx^mClydesdale, Ayi^shire and G.aUow$^y« It wais ahuosl anniUlated at 
.^the Bat^e o£ &t^u||;uk on the Sd August 169^> where its bmnre Cokotl^ ike Earl of 
^^us, .and most of its Offipers £eU. The Cmx^onians complained bkteffiy at the 
time/ tiiat Government had broken faith witb ibMb ^^f^specting this . ff|psiient-4aad 
though it stillfremains on the establiahmeoj^ under ^e name of the Camexonian or 26th 
R^m^tjt ^t no. Cameionian is to be found jp thi9;cgrpiA Qqr in anj^ 4Aerf-4^Jllt 
*is a' distinguishing principle witiiL tbem, that they can ^ake.^ oa A? 4h^.9iaf seAi to 
homologate any Government that^ in then: f^ifuon^ ia iqctinsist^Al vait^ ^ <Nri§pnkl' 
covenanted religious eitabUshmeat;^ Tbsy ,9jf!t^ jimnev^ ^m^ /firieuik^ tbe-ciWl* 
Government as at present existing, 9n4 i|^ db^s^ kst tUild>^ y^ve «hey jiavseim^er 
heen found in any Rebc^ion,. insumf^^ioii a$rK;..«ftdiltifin )vv,h|i|evitr«r ISbey i4e Hercr- 
theless "Whigs, but Whigs of the old ^chmi v f(9r. .w.Hile ibey i^tai^ » regairf for^vil 
^Cberty^ they continue stedfaatly to adhece tQ tfuNV rcAigiMA princqtte^. EaSdotlaiid 
they conaist at present p£ M congaegationa upd^ ibe .'charge-of. 1^ >niinfai?er g i-^ some ' 
chuges beiitg vacant|.a«d some cpryqi^ed jrith^^theas ^n their MJghbciiuiliood. They 
have a Professor of Dliimty of tt^eir owuj ii> wbiiitli;^ miiSkh the eaaiQ course <of«dttO»- 
tion is required as in the esublidied olMi^h, whil^ the lame fecttis of ordiaariotiof 
thdr imnisteri^Mr^^gcm^through. In 1810 the 9Mlteriki,coflttBHHimi voa ettimated'at 
4000.' In L6n<^p, dtese yisxk a few families \ kk lifelisid 16 conga^tiMf ^s irldit 
*fs^k iprasa cons^dergble numUr in North Am^«ii« .