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i^72^£^ aS<iZI^ 47&rt^ 




TOWN'S 

V 



(EW SPELLER AND DEFINER; 



CONTAIXiXti 



A NEW AND GOHPLEIE KEY TO PRONUNCUTION ; AN 

INTRODUCTION TO THE " ANALYSIS OJ DERIVATIYE 

WORDS IN THE ENGLIBU LANGUAGE"; DIG- 

TATION EXERCISBS ; AND VARIOUS 

OTHER IMPROVEMENTS. 



By SALEM TOWN, LL.D., 

▲CmOB OP THE ** AHALTSIS OF TUK ENQUSH ULNGDIGB," AJSD A SERIES OF EEA0EB8. 



BBVISED EDITION. 



NEW YOKK: •' ' \ 
OAKLEY AND MASCA 

1866. ' CT' 



' -^o^.^^j:^ '' 



rv«s:- 



^ v.O'^"' ^^^s>^-.^. '^'^ 



Bntered according to Act of drngnaa^ in the year 1863, by 

SALBM TOWK, 

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the 

Korthem District of Iffew Tork. 

Kntered accordhig to Act of Congress, in th« year 1866^ by 

EDWIN B. MOBGAK, CHBISTOPHBS MOBGAN, HBNBT 
^COBQA^N, AND NBL80N M. HOLBBOOK, 

in the Clrrk'n Office of the District Coort of the United SUtes for th« Northern 
District of New York. 



Elbctrotvpeb ay Welch, Bigei.ow, and CoMPAwr. 



PREFACE. 



In preset! tiDg to the public a new elementary work for the use 
schools, the author feels bound briefly to assign the reasons 
hich have prompted him to an undertaking that might, at first 
ew, appear to be superfluous. These reasons, he trusts, will be 
seined sufficiently valid to free him from the imputation of having 
igaged in a service uncalled for. 

The principle which he considers as l3ring at the foundation of 

1 good teaching is, that a child being taught, both to read and 

spell, should be taught, at the same time, to understand what he 

sads and spells. It is this principle which has suggested the plan 

* the present work. He would not deny that some advantages 
&y accrue ^from the mere mechanical exercise of spelling, and 
oring the memory with words which, as yet, convey no sense, 
[e is ready to admit that it is better for the mind to be tJius fur- 
Lsbed, than not to be furnished at aU; but, as woh*ds are the signs 

* ideas, and the ultimate object of acquiring ux)rds \s to acquire 
fecw and a medium of imparting them to others, it is not easy to 
ij why this end should not be kept in view through every stage 
r the learner's progress. 

All the spelling-books now in use follow out the same uniform 
Ian, of arranging words according to their sounds and syllables, 
•respective of their import. On that plan, the/ are generally 
'ell executed, and would admit of little improvement. 

But, if the above principle be well founded, something is still 
squisite, beyond a mere judicious arrangement and correct or- 
lography, to answer the grand purposes of elementary instruc- 
on. It is plain, that, as far as practicable, the knowledge of the 
'^n and of the thing signified should be acquired together, inasr 
luch as both are to hold an inseparable connection in the mind. 

This Speller is believed to be the Jirst school-book for children, 
ver published, in which the principle, as to its peculiar arrange- 
lent of definitions, was adopted and carried out through the en- 
ire work. Many persons, at first, honestly believed such a course 
rould be attended with injurious consequences; but time and 
xperience have, to a great extent, chaxi^<^ VJcki^vc V^esR^ 



PREFACE. 



L 



In confirmation of the importance of a knowledge of the synon- 
ymous import of words, we make a quotation from the Preface ef 
the revised edition of Dr. Webster's Royal Quarto Dictionary : — 

** One new feature is now added to this volume, by making it 
synonifmoua dictionary. Every one engaged in literary compo- 
sition has felt, at times, the want of such a work, — a work not 
intended, like Crabb's, to discriminate nicely between the shades 
of meaning in similar terms, but to present, under each of the im- 
portant words, an extended Ivtt of others having the same general 
import, out of which a selection may be made according to the 
exigencies of the case." ** It will afford important aid to young r* 
writers in attaining grace, variety, and copiousness of diction." 

The question has been very satisfactorily settled among teachers, .\ 
that children, while acquiring the meaning of words, do, at the sam€ |^ 
time, make equal, if not greater, advancement in accuracy of spell ^f 
ing. The acquisition of ideas always adds interest to the exercise. [^ 

And then, too, the peculiar arrangement of this Speller aifordi ^ 
an. excellent opportunity for the teacher to require his pupils, es i 
pecially in the advanced classes, as the words are pronounced, U *, 
write them with their definitions, and then submit their work foi ^ 
examination and correction. This is one of the most approvei ^ 
methods of teaching spelling and defining. 

In the revision of tJiis Speller in 1847, the spelling vocabular ■ 
was enlarged by the addition of about three thousand words. I . 
the present revision, the whole work has been oarefiilly reviewer 
by Nelson M. Holbrook, A. M., and such corrections and i' 
provements made as the experience of the last sixteen years 1 
suggested. Dictation exercises have been inserted; a new a 
complete Key to the pronunciation has been introduced, embraci 
Dr. Webster's, with some additions by Mr. Holbrook ; and the 
thography and pronunciation are believed to accord with the i 
revised edition of Dr. Webster's Dictionary, that work being aho 
universally adopted as the standard throughout the United Sta 

All these modem improvements, in connection with its pres 
popularity, will, we trust, insure for this Speller, not only a cod' 
uance, but a largely increased degree, of public favor. 

SALEM TO^ 

Aurora, Cfljmga Co., N. Y., Sept. 1, 1868. 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



PART I. 



LANGUAGE, ITS ELEMENTS AND POBMATION. 

1. Lanqvaob is an J mediam hj which we rooehre and impart 
Jeas. It is of two kinds : ^tokm and wriUen. 

2. Language was spoken long before it was written. 

3. Speech is the faculty of attering articulate aounds. 

4. The main organs of speech are the tongue, teeth, pakde, glottis^ and 
i/w, aided by the breath, 

5. Artundale eoumb are the distinct utterance of letters, syllatles, or 
ix>rf7a. 

6. Spoken language is a combination of articulate sounds, denoting 
\deae, or things, 

7. Written language is a combination of characters, used by common 
oonsent for signs of ideas. 

8. Letters are characters presented to the eye, in a written lan- 
gaage, to represent the variety of sounds heard in a spoken language. 

9. The leUers in the English language are twenty-six in number, 
and are called the English Alphabet. 

10. The English Alphabet is divided into vowds and consonants, or 
into vocals, sub-vocals, and aspirates, 

11. The single vowels and diphthongs are vocals^ the consonants 
are sub-vocals or aspirutts, 

DEFINITIONS. 

1. A vowd or vocal is a letter whose elementary sound, or element, 
can be perfecdg enunciated by itself. 

2. The vowels or vocals are a, e, t, o, u, and sometimes w and y. 
W IB ti Tocal or vowel when it is used as a substitute for the vocal 
tt ; and y, when it is used as a substitute for the vocal t. 

3. A consonant, as a sub-vocal^ is a letter whose elementary sound, or 
element,, can not be so perfectly enunciated by itself, as that of a 
vocal or rowel. 



A 



6 TOWN'S SPKLLER AND DKFINKR. 



4. The consonants, as sub-uocah, are 6, rf, g, j, /, m, n, r, p, «;, jr, 
nnd sometimes t and u. / is a sub-vocal when it is used as 
stitutc for the sub-vocal y ; and m, when it is used for the sub-vocal 

5. The sub-vocal combinations are U and ng, 

6. A consonant f as an aspirate, is a letter whose elementary sound, « 
element, is produced by propelling the breath more or less forcibly 
tlirough the teeth and lips. 

7. The consonants^ as aspirates, are p, t, k, h, f, Sj and c; and tbi 
combinations are cA, wh, sh and th. 

8. A diphthong is the combined sound of two vowels or -vocals ii 
the same syllable ; as oi in oil. The regular or proper diphthongs are 
oi, oy, ou, and ow; and they have no distinctive key-marks. 

9. A digraph is a union of two vowels or vocals in the same tjl* 
lable, one of which is silent ; as, ea in h€ad. The digraphs, or tat 
pro/ter diphthongs, are aa^ ae, at, au, aw, ay, ea, ee, et, so, eu^ ew, cy, 
ta, ie, to, oa, oe, oo^ ou, otv, ua, ue, tti, and uy. 

10. A triphthong is the union of three vowels or vocals in the 
syllable, or in one compound sound; as, eau in beau [bo]. They 
eau, ieu, iew, and uog. 



EXPLANATION OF THE KEY TO THE PRONUNCIATION. 

1. This mark ['] over the vowels or vocals denotes their long sound. 

2. This mark [''] over the voioels or vocals denotes their short sound. 

3. This mark [*] over k denotes its sound heard in the word c&re. 

4. Two points [••] over & denote its sound heard in the word far. 

5. One point [ *] over a denotes its sound heard in the word last 

6. Two points [..] under a denote its sound heard in the word fall. 

7. One point [ .] under a denotes its sound heard in the word what 

8. This mark [_] under e denotes its sound heard in the woi-d prey. 

9. This mark [^] over 6 denotes its sound heard in the word there. 

10. This mark [^] over 6 denotes its sound heard in the word ttrm. 

11. Ee, unmarked, has the sound of long e, heard in the word feet 

12. Two points ["I over i denote its sound heard in the word pique. 

13. This mark [*] over i denotes its sound heard in the word firm. 

14. This mark P] over 6 denotes its sound heard in the word w6rm 
1.5. One point [*] over 6 denotes its Found heard in the woi-d d6ne. 

16. This mark [~J over o denotes its sound heard in the word for. 

17. This mark [*] over 6 denotes its sound heard in the word lost 

1 8. Two points [**] over o denote its sound heard in the word move. 

19. One point [.] under o denotes its sound heard in the word wolf. 



TOWN*S SPELLER AND DEFINEJEL 



SM). Oo, ULiaerfced, has a long or open sound, heard in the word moon. 
'SI. Oo, marked thos, oo, has a 8h<Ht sound, heard m the word b^ok. 
S2. This mark ['*'] over fi denotes Its sound heard in the word fUlrL 
S3.. This mark [^] over H denotes its sound heard in the word rAde 
-S4. Two points [..] under i) denote its sound heard in the word pnsh. 
S5r. This mark \^] over f denotes its sound heard in the word myr'de. 

56. C, unmarked, e, has the sound of s, as heard in the word c£nL 

57. C^ marked thus, c, has the sound of k, heard in the word €ftp. 
38. Ch, nnmaiked, di, has its sound as heard in the word mftch. 
,99. Ch, marked thus, Sh, has the sound of s^ heard in the word Shaise. 
:B0, Ch, maiked thus, eh, has the sound of k, heard in the word «b5rd. 
■91 . G, unmarked, g, has its sound as heard in the word gCt 
e92. G, marked tiius, g, has the sound of j, heard in the word gSm. 
.33. S, unmarked, s, has its sound as heard in the word same. 
;34. S, marked thus, s, has the sound of «, heanl in the word muse. 

35. Th, th, unmarked, Th, th, has its sound heard in the word thin. 

36. Th, th, marked thus, Th, th, has its sound heard in the word thine. 
87. X, unmarked, x, has the sound of ibs, as heard in the word t&x. 

38. X, marked thus, £, has the sound of gz, heard in the word ei-Ist'. 

39. Silent letters, except final e when the preceding vowel in the syl- 
lable is long, and c before k in the scone syllable, are printed in italics. 

40. The mark of accent [% when placed after the accented syllable of 

any word, designates, also, the accented syllable of all the words 
that follow, until it is contradicted by a change of place. 

41. The double accent [''] after e or t denotes that the subsequent e or 
t has the sound of shy which sound is drawn back to the preceding 
syllable ; as in spe" cial, vt^ ti aU. 

42. The double accent [''] after n'' denotes that it has the sound of ng ; 
as in mdn" gle, 

43. Any key-mark, indicating the vowel or vocal sonnd in the oe- 
cented syllable of a word, or in monosyllables, when once used, 
continues its influence until another mark is introduced. 



Stnopsis of thb Kbt. a, e, i, 6, ii, y, long; ft, 6, I, tt, tt, y, 
short ; cftre, far, last, fall, what ; prey, there, ttrm, feet ; pique, firm ; 
worm, d6ne, for, Idst, move, W9lf, moon, bopk ; fftrl, rfide, push ; 
myrtle ; c as s, ch as in much, ch as sh, e or eh as k ; g as tV get, 
g OS j ; s OS m same, f as z ; th as tn thin, th as in thine ; x as ks, 
X OS gz; c and t as in spe" cial, vi" ti ate; n" as in man^ gle. 



/ 



d 


TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 


TABIB OF ELEMENTARY SOUNDS. 






/»r«y In 


number ; and the following table is introd 


exefdn tor the papU in eDuneiatiag them. 




The oliHi dtber IndiTidaany or In concert, moy flnt 


distinctly pro 


word eontalning 


the element, and then 


enunciate the pore element ol 


letter by itaeli; Tuying the 


intensity of the voice as the teacher may thi 


thiu,ite,Si Iknn, ft; jll, fi 


., it, ft, &c. 


Baring thna learned to enunc 


elementary nonde correctly 


, kt the class repeat them in their order ; 


a, i, Ac., — nett dombine each nib-vocal and aspirate with all fiie roe 


dement*; that, to, »<,»a, 


bd, &c., — and then reverse the order of th 


thiu, ab, a», oft, 


U, fcc. 








TOWXU OB TOCALS. 


SOB-VOCALS. 


Name. 


Power. 


Element 


Name. 


Power. 


1 A 


k\0 


A 


21 M 


Him 


2 A 


Arm 


A 


22 N 


Run 


3 A 


All 


A 


23 R 


Bur 


4 A 


At 


A 


24 V 


Ev 


5 E 


Est 


E 


25 W 


Woe 


6 E 


BSt 


■ E 


26 T 


Yet 


7 I 


ice 


1 


27 Z, S 


Buzz 


8 I 


It 


1 


28 Z 


Az'ure 


9 


Ode 





29 Th 


Thy 


10 


Do 





; 30 Ng 


Sing 


11 


5x 


6 


1 

ASPIRATES. 


12 U 


Sue 


t 


31 P 


Up 


13 U 


Up 


tt 


32 T 


It 


14 U 


Full 


V 


33 K, G 


Ark 


15 Ou 


Out 


Ou 


34 Ch 


Much 


SUB-VOCALS. 




35 H 


He 


16 B 


Ebb 


B 


36 F 


If 


17 D 


Odd 


D 


t 37 Wh 


When 


18 G 


Egg 


G 


38 S, C 


Sin 


19 J, 6 


Jet 


J 


39 Sh 


Fish 


' 20 L 


lU 


L 


40 Th 


Thin 



TOWN'S SPELLEB AND DEFINES. 



TABIE Of SUBSTITUTES. 

8UB8TXTUTX w ft singlo letter, or two or more letters, used to 
C8cnt an elcmentarj sound, or element, which is pecaliar to some 
r- letter ; as, at in said, and pk in phraae. 

XPLANATION. Tho following table, showing the correct pronnn- 
on of the given substitates numbered and italicised in the ex- 
les, is referred to by corresponding numbers at the right of words 
he spelling lessons throughout the book. In studying the table, 
learner may first name the tubttitute, next the element it represents, 
then the example in which it is combined; thus, ei is sometimes 
.bstitute iur a (long a), as in the word vein, &c. 



bsL 
ei 

§y 

8 

e 

on 

i 

ia 

a 

ai 

ay 

n 

y 

B 

3e 



n 

au 

eau 

ew 

a 

ew 

iew 

b 

31 
00 

ew ' 
t 



Element 



for 



5 
u 
u 
t& 

a 
II 
a 
n 



Example. 


Sabst 


Elemeot 




Example. 


vein 


29. t 


for d as in sir 


they 


30. y 


<t 


<i 


tt 


myr'tle 


there 


81. o 


«« 


R 


tt 


wolf 


ser'gcant 


32.00 


u 


H 


f 


wool 


bought 


33. eon 


4t 


ttn 


tt 


ptg' em 


roarfne' 


34. ion 


tt 


ftn 


tt 


f&sh' ion 


mtn' ia ture 


35. ro 


K 


<ir 


tt 


k'pwa 


on'y 


36. u 


« 


w 


*i 


sua'sion 


said 


37. oir 


tt 


wor 


tt 


roem'oir 


Srt^ 


38. 


(( 


wtt 


it 


one 


bu'ry 


39. i 


K 


J 


It 


min' i6n 


spy 


40.' u 


It 


yu 


tt 


use 


hymn 


41. p 


t< 


b 


tt 


€fl/)' b6ard 


£n" glish 


42. t-eous 


ti 


chtls 


tt 


right' eous 


been 


43. g 


tt 


dj 


tt 


re ll^ ion 


worn' en 


44. j 


tt 


<3j 


tt 


pr6/' u dice 


btis'y 


45. gh 


CC 


f 


C( 


lau^A 


hautf boy 


46. ph 


C( 


f 


tt 


7>Arase 


beat! 


47. p-ph 


« 


f.f 


tt 


8&pfphvre 


sew 


48. X 


It 


g2 


tt 


eiftet 


what 


49. wh 


tt 


hw 


ft 


whoXe 


new 


50. d 


tt 


J 


tt 


sol' dier 


view 


51. g 


if 


J 


(( 


^m 


son 


52. geon 


(t 


jiln 


tt 


sHr'ieon 


por' poise 


53. gion 


(( 


jfln 


*t 


le'gian 


blood' 


54. £ 


tt 


k 


tt 


€&t 


€r«i; 


55. eh 


it 


k 


(( 


cAdrd 


h^r 


56. gh 


tt 


k 


u 


hou!Oi& 



\ 



10 



TOWN*S SP£LL£B AND DEFINER. 



for 



Sabst. 

57. q 

58. quet " 

59. X " 

60. X 

61. €ho " 
G2. qa 

63. n" 

64. gh " 

65. c " 

66. z ** 

67. c " 

68. ch 

69. 8 « 

70. sc " 

71. t 

72. ci " 

73. sci " 

74. B-eient " 



Example, 
k M in fHq* uant 
ka " boil quet' 



ka 

k-sh 

kw 

kw 

ng 

P 

8 

8 

8h 

sh 

sh 

sh 

8h 

she 

she 



w&r 

flair' i6n 
€hoir . 
gufLTt 
an" ger 
Me' eoVigh 
cSnt 
waltz 
o'cean 
(HAaise 
^re 

con'sciotis 
frfte'dottB 
as so' CI ate 
pre' sci ent 
sh-ent ^* cm oXs' cient 



Sabst 

75. cie 

76. 8-8 . 

77. cion 

78. sion 

79. tion 

80. s-sion 

81. s-sia 

82. ed 

83. f 

84. ph 

85. c 

86. I 

87. X 

88. g 

89. 8 

90. z 

91. sion 

92. s-ion 



for 



8hl as in 

sh-sh ** 

shtln ** 

shttn « 

shttn « 

sh-ttn " 

sh-ya " 
t 

V " 
V 

z « 

z •* 

z " 

zh 

zh 

zh 

zhttn 

zh-tln 



spe'cM 
as stre' 
eo ^r'cion 
XD&n'sioR 
no' tion 
pfts' sion 
efts' sta 
wdrket/ 

0/ 

Ste'/iAen 

suffice' 

hX# 

Xftn'thos 

rou^e 

pl6a#'ure 

gla' zier 

fu' 0ion 

Ti#' ion 



OBSCURE VOCAL SOUNDS. 

The obscure sound of a vowel or vocal occurs in many unaccented 
syllables ; and, although it is modified in quantity so that it resembles, 
somewhat, the element of some other vowel, yet it is really the pure 
element of the given vowel less prolonged than when it occurs in an 
accented syllable, as will appear from a critical examination of the 
obscure sound — 



1. 


Of 


long 


a in del' i eate 


6. Of 


short I 


in 


dt min' ish 


2. 


Of 


short 


a in la'bial 


7. Of 


long 


in 


im po lite 


3. 


Of 


long 


c in Im' pe tus 


8. Of 


short ff 


in 


en vi' ron. 


4. 


Of 


short 


if in 6p' u lent 


9. Of 


long ti 


in 


Im' pu dent 


5. 


Of 


long 


t in sSn' tt nel 
LETTERS SOMl 


10. Of 
ETIMES 


short U 
SILENT. 


in 


sep' ttl eher 



A silent letter is one which is not sounded in the correct pronunciatwn 
of the word in which it occurs. 

I, Eis often silent before / or n, also in words ending in ed when pre- 
ceded by any letter, except d, /, A, k, p, », t, or an equivalent sound ; 
in driv' d, c' ven, 16ved, &c. In a few^participial adjectives, however, 
the e is sounded ; as in l&xrn' ed, a' ged. Final e is also usually silent; 
as in name, prince' I3'. 



TOWN*S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 11 

2. / 18 sometimes silent before lorn; as in d' vil, W stn. 

3. O is often silent before n ; as in ba' eon, m&' son. 

4. U is sometimes silent after q; as in edn' quer, gro-ti^sqt/^. 

5. fi is silent after m or before t in the same syllable ; as in lftni6, 
de6t' or. 

6. C is silent in czar and mOs' c\e, before k or <, and after < ; as in 
sick, vlet'iials, scene. 

7. D is silent in h&n<jP sdme, W&fnn' day, sVkdt* hold-er, and before 
^ ; as in ftU^e, \idge. 

S. G \a silent before m or n, and sometimes before /; as in phlC^m, 
fei^, in-tS^rl' io. 

9,*H in silent in h&ir, A^b, ^&n'est, Aour, &c. ; after g or r ; at the 
end of a word when preceded by a vowel ; and sometimes after t; as io 
g^st, rAeAm, tJt, oA, IstA'mos. 

10. K is always silent before n ; as in itnife, hmi>, 

11. JD is silent before /, A;, or m, and sometimes before <f or v; as in 
ea/f, waAc, eii/m, woj^d, s&/ve. 

12. Jf is silent before n; as in mne-mdn' ies. 

13- N is silent at the end of words when preceded by / or m ; as 
in kiln, hjhnn. 

14. P IS silent in rfts/>' ber-ry, before n, and sometimes before s or t; 
as in /nMa-m&t' ies, psa/m, re-cetpt'. . 

15. iS is silent in de-merae', puts' ne, vis' eount, ule, isV and, aisle. 

16. T is silent in chist' not, Chris/' mas, mhrt'gage, haut' boy, e-el&<', 
Ml' leC-doux, and sometimes before &, en, or cA; as in whis' <lc, sdft' en, 
f&ch. 

17. W n silent before r, and sometimes before h; as in urite, t&hoop. 

18. X is silent in bll' le<-dour, Bor-deaoy [bor-do'], &c. 

19. ^ is silent in r6n'de« vous. 

20. Ch is sometimes silent ; as in scAism, yacAt, drftcAm. 

21. Gh ia frequently silent; as in hipA, H^t, wgi^A. 

22. PA is sonietimos silent ; as in pAtAls' ie, phthV sis. 

23. F, j, 9, r, and v are never silent 

SPELLING BY ELEMENTS. 

To spell a word by its elements, is to enunciate such elementary 
sounds of the letters as are heard in its proper pronunciation. 
PronooDee. SpeU. Pronounce. Spell. 

h«ad hSd eoiip' let ktip'lSt 

statn Stan vT$' age vtz'aj 



12 TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 



d66t d S t «a price' k a-p r e s' 

€loak klok ob liqW 8b-lik' 

roiigh^ rftf ySn' quishS vSnk' wish 

through thrft fa tigiee' fa-tegf 

praise p r a z dis gui$€! d 2 s-g i ss' 

queen® kwen 8? phon*® s? f5n 

kmte nif flSm' beau^» fiam'bo 

€Oiigh« k a f ^At*t$' ie 1 1 z' I k 

SYLLABLES, WORDS, AND ACCENT. 

1 . A syllahle may be one letter or a union of letters ; as, a, man, 

2. A vtxjrd may be a syllable or a nnion of syllabfes ; as, mcbi, mdn'Mr, 

3. A word of one syllable is a monosyUaiUe ; a word of two syllables 
a dissyJMile ; a word of three syllables is a trisyllable ; and a "word 

four or more syllables is a polysyUahle. 

4. Words are primitive, a« iii5«, — derivative, as m&nHy, — slmpie, 
horse. — or compoand, as horse'-shde, 

5 A primitive word is a root from which other words are derived; i 
wiffn, kind. 

6. A ckrivative word is a root with one syllable or more added or 
fixed ; as, mftn' /y, tin-kind'. 

7. A simple word is any nncomponnded word, — one that can not 
divided without destroying the sense ; as, difg, star. 

8. A compotind woiti consists of two or more simple words ; as, dd^. 
I stafy mn' er-the-lessK 

9. A pr^x is a syllable or word put to the beginning of a root ; 
un in «n-like'. 

10. A suffix is a letter, syllable, or word added or annexed to a root; 
a8, 1y in like' l§, 

11. Orthography treats of letters, and teaches how to write or spdl 
words correctly. 

12. Orthoepy treats of sonnd, and teaches the correct pronunciation ( 
words. 

13. Spelling is naming the letters and pronouncing the syllabled of 
word in their proper order, and then giving the correct pronunciation d 
the entire word. 

14. Accent is a more forcible utterance of some one syllable of a word, 
BO as to distinguish it from the others. It occurs in all words of mon 

^ than one FjrU&hle. 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 13 



1 5. In polysyllables there are usually two lands, or, rather, two degree*, 
of accent, called the primary and the secondary ; as in muL** ti pU €3 tion, 

ANALYSIS OF WORDS. 

In analyzing a word, the pupil should specify all its peculiarities which 
have been explained in the preceding pages. The following examples 
I will senre as specimens : — 
i Teacher. What kind of a word is bark f 

SchcJar, It is a primitive word and a monosyllable. 

T. What is a primitive word ? 

5. It is the root from which derivatives are formed. 

71 What is a monosyllable? 

S. It is a word of one syllable. 

T, Will you spell the word by elements ? 

^. B a r k [lilrk]. 

T. Will you now complete the analysis of it 1 

S, BiBK sub-vocal ; a is a vowel or vocal,* having its second element- 
ary sound ; r is a sub- vocal ; f ib is an aspirate ; and the word means 
the rind of a tree, or to bark as a dog. 

T. Now analyze the word re-print', 

S. Be-ptintf is a derivative word and a dissyllable. It is composed of 
print, the root, and re, a prefix, and has the accent on the second syllable. 
[Spells it by elements.] Re-prtnt' [re-print']. /2 is a sub-vocal ; 
e is a vowel or vocal, unaccented, but has its first elementary sound ; p 
is an asphrate ; r is a sub-vocal ; t is a vowel or vocal under aceent, and 
has its second elementary sound ; n is a sub-vocal ; f is an aspirate ; and 
the word means to print again. 

T. Analyze dis-trnstf/tU. 

S. Dis-trUst'ftd is a derivative word and a trisyllable. It is com- 
posed of trusty tiie root, dis, a prefix, and ful, a suffix, and has the ac- 
cent on the second syllable. [Spells it by elements] Dis-trtlst'ful 
[dis-trlist' fnl]. /> is a sub-vocal ; t is a vowel or vocal, unaccented, but 
has its second elementary sound ; s is an aspirate ; Ms an aspirate ; r is 
a snb-vocal ; u is a vowel or vocal under accent, and has its second 
I elementary sound; s is an aspirate ; < is an aspirate ; /is an aspirate ; u 
is a vowel or vocal, unaccented, but has its third elementary sound ; / is 
a sub-vocal ; and the word means suspicious ; not having confidence in. 

* The papn will use bat one of these tenns in the preceding definitions, and 
in thQ analysis of words, — Uie one his teacher may prefer. 

t If a distinction is made in the utterance of r, it will be rough or trilled be- 
fore a vowel or vocal, and smooth after it. 



14 TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



ABSTRACT DEFINITIONS. 

The mode of defining in this book is based on the same principle 
tliat is carried oat in all school dictionaries; and, so far as correct 
abstract definitions are concerned, it is substantially the same. 
. By an abstract definitianl we mean such a one as imparts the signi- 
tication of a word, in itself considered, irrespective of its applications 
or uses. Thus, Dr. Webster defines congiiience, coincidence, harmom/^ 
stipulation, and cooenant, by the same word, agreement, which is a co^ 
rect definition of each of the above words, when taken independentlj 
of the sense in which they severally imply agreement. It is, therefore, 
an abstract definition. Dr. Webster says, ''In school dictionaries, 
we must necessarily omit subordinate senses and particular uses.*' 
Accordingly, we find by computation that he has, in his scliool dic- 
tionary, defined about 9,000 words by one or by two others of synon- 
ymous import, all of which are abstract definitions. Walker has 
defined about 11,000 in the same manner, and Johnson, 8,000. 

When th(3 best ^abstract definitions are learned, the child will read- 
ily perceive the difi^srent applications of such words wherever he sees 
q^ reads ihevi in their proper connection with others. Thus, ocuto- 
nesa is deflnid iij. aharpnessy without specifying in what |t consists or 
to wha^ it appSlM, whether the sharpness of a knife, of vinegar, of 
pain, or^-^rcepttoo. Bat, when the scholar reads of the acuteness d 
a man's pjsrception, the acuteness of sounds, or the acuteness of the 
pain in his tooth, he instantly perceives the particular sense in which 
acuteness, in each case, implies sharpness. 

The knowledge of words, like all other knowledge, can be acquired 
perfectly in no way except by a successive and gradual advancement, 
step by step, from the first plain and literal signification, up to the 
figurative senses and varied applications. 

This is the way by which the ablest philologists have attained aM 
their critical knowledge of the English l&ngaage, or of any other ii 
which they may have been versed. 





TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 16 


• 




THE ALPHABET. 


ROMAV. 


Itauo. > SCSIPT. 


yOLD KhGLOH. 


' a 


A 


^ a A \ ^a ©/ 


a <3l 


b 


B 


b' B ' 


/ m 


b B 


c 


C 


e C 


e ^ 


c € 


d 


D 


d D 


^ 


b m 


e 


E 


e E 


e S 


t e 


f 


F ^ 


f F 


/ Sf 


f I 


g 


G 


9 G 


/ ^ 


fl ® 


h 


H 


h H 


A se 


1) « 


i 


I 


i J 


.- <^ 


i X 


• 

J 


J 


J J 


/ ^ 


i 3 


k 


K 


k K 


/ eT 


k K 


1 


L 


I L 


/ ^ 


I £ 


m 


M 


m M 


m e^ 1 m M 1 


n 


N 


n N 


n q4^ 


n n: 











o g> 


<9 i< 


P 


P 


P P 


A ^ 


l> V 


q 

r 


Q 
B 


q Q 

r R 




1 ^ 


s 


S 


s S 


* ^ 


s 6 


t 


T 


t T 


t ^ 


t (a; 


u 


U 


u U 


u ^'Z 


./ n 


T 


y 


V V 


* ^ 


b 


W 


w 


u> W \ ^ ^/^ 


n to 


z 


X 


X X * ^ 


% X 


y 


Y 


\ y y \ y f 


s m 


...% 


Z 


\ z Z " % 


? 2 




& 


1 # i # 


^ 




/t 


^ X 

FIGUEES. 


1 


2 , 


3 4 5 6 7 8 9 





1 16 


TOWN^S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 












LESSON 1. 






• 




so* 


no 


ha 


we my 


to 


»f88 1$ 




go 


ho 


me 


by do 


Sm if 


a$ 




1 lo 


he 


be 


an 


it 


us 










LE S S N T 










St 


or 


s 


do If 


^$ 


me 


Sm 




az 


Yn 


by ye 


to 


us 


it 




ox 


on 


U 


we my 
LESSON 3. ' 


1$ 


0f«8 


i 




Mj ox is up 


It is an ax. Do 


we go 


in? 




He is 


I by me 


. I 


ffo to it. No: 


we ffo 


on. 




He is 


; to go. 


Go on by me. We do, as 


ye do. 










LESSON 4. 










bSt 


L&t 


Wn 


pin h6x 




«an 


pan 




eat 


mat 


din 


sin €ox 




dan 


ran 




U 


rat 


fin 


tin fox 




fan 


tan 




gat 


sat 


gin 


win pox 
LESSON 5. 




man 


van 




bSt 


h8t 


n»t 


dSn pSn 
fen Ken 




bgt 


n6t 




1 «ot 


jot 


pot 




get 


set 




got 
dot 


lot • 


rot 


hen ten 




let 


wet 




mot 


sot 


men wen 




met 


yet 




i 






LESSON 6. 










I -fix 


dtin 


piin 


Wt Kt 




b5n 


bad 




mix 


fun 


run 


kit pit 




eon 


dad 




pix 


gun 


sun 


fit sit 




non 


gad 




six 


nun 


tun 


hit wit 
LESSON 7. 




ton 


had 




ISd 


dSm 


dSb 


e«b bgd 




n»d 


€ub 




mad 


ham 


eab 


mob fed 




pod 


hub 




pad 


jam 


gab 


rob Jed 




rod 


nub 




sad 


yam 


nab 


sob red 




sod 


rub 


> 


introduoed. For an explaiiatton of the Key, tee pages and 7. 





TOWN'S SPKIJ.EK AND DEFINER. 

V 


17 






LESSON 


a 






' bub 


rttm 


diim 


but 


dtp 


ptp 


f8p 


bun 


TTlTlTn 


gum 


eut 


hip 


rip 


hop 


P«g 


jut 


hum 


hut 


lip 


sip 


lop 


pup 


pud 


sum 


nut 


nip 


tip 


mop 






LESSON 


9. 






p«p 


bud 


bM 


ltd 


btb 


eap 


mftp 


sop 


€ud 


did 


mid 


fib 


gap 


nap 


top 


mud 


hid 


rid 


nib 


hap 


rap 


•eop 


rud 


kid 


rim 


rib 


lap 


sap^ 






LESSON 


10. 






bag 


jag . 


sag 


bgg 


btg 


j»g 


bag 


eag 


lag 


tag 


keg 


dig 


pig 


dug 


fag 


nag 


wag 


leg 


fig 


rig 


hug 


gag 


rag 


hag 


peg 


gig 


wig 


j^g 






LESSON 11. 






Ittg 


dim 


b4r 


etip 


bSg 


mx 


bSn 


mug 


him 


eur 


sup 


dog 


tax 


€am 


rug 


gem 


ngb 


fob 


fog 


wax 


pat 


tug 


lem 


web 


odd 


log 


vex 


vat 




. 


LESSON la 






bar 


mar 


ark 


ant 


dftttf 


SftWT 


war 


•ear 


par 


arm 


ask 


J2iW 


pau^ 


w^ 


far 


tar 


art 


asp 
Mi 


lat£^ 


raw 


wan 


jar 


ar« 


aft 


mdiw 


€dLW 


wad 






LESSON 


13. 






bow 


dew^a* 


low 


Sdd 


ace 


ode 


bee 


€0W 


few 


mow 


and 


age 


old 


fee 


, how 


hew 


TOW 


apt 


ale 


ore 


see 


now 


pew 


tow 


ha$ 


ape 


she 


the 




"Table of il 


flabsdtafees," 




letters used as a substi- ! 


late is given and exemplified. Paplls, when of sufficient age, should be required to ,\ 


WDM the substitute in every instance, and to give the letter or letters for which it is ;| 


vnd, although but one reference may be given from the scan 


i substitute in the mme j| 


eolumn or lesson. 










\^ 





18 

1 


TOWN'S SPELLER 


AND DEFINEB. 










LESSON 14. 








bake 


rake 


cave 


pave 


bold 


hold 




^ke 


sake 


gave 


rave 


cold 


mold 




lake 


take 


lave 


save 


fold 


sold 




make 


wake 


nave 


wave 


gold 


told 








LESSON 15. 








mice 


hide 


code 


dote 


bSe 


male 




nice 


ride 


mode 


lote 


gale 


pale 




rice 


side 


node 


mote 


dale 


sale 




vice 


wide 


rode 


note 


hale 


vaJe 








LESSON 16. 








dace 


pSce 


made 


gage 


came 


same 




face 


race 


wade 


page 


fame 


tame 




lace 


fade 


«ade 


rage 


lame 


bane 




mace 


lade 


eage 


sage 


name 


cane 








LESSON 17. 








lane 


dime 


tine 


dive 


dike 


mile 




mane 


lime 


vine 


hive 


Uke 


vile 




pane 


time 


wine 


five 


pike 


wile 




sane 


sine 


mine 


rive 


pile 


file 








LESSON la 


. 






bind 


mind 


bite 


hole 


hone 


bolt 




find 


rind 


kite 


mole 


bone 


colt 




kind 


nine 


mite 


pole 


lone 


dolt 




hind 


pine 


site 


sole 


zone 


jolt 








LESSON 19. 








eape 
nape 


bore 
eore 


sore 
tore 


lope 
mope 


gaze 
haze 


nose 
ho$e 




tape 


fore 


wore 


rope 


maze 


ro$e 




sate 

ery 
dry 

fry 


more 

shy 
thy 
«ky 


€oke 


bode 


wane 

mSy 
nay 
pay 


doze 


i 


fly 
ply 
8ly 


b% 
day 
fay 


boy 
«oy 

toy 



TOWN*S SP£LLEB AND DEFIKER. 19 



L£880N 20. 

b cMp bSnd sSad pink Vint 

t ship lend band Junk cent 

b whip^ loend hand Imk dent 

i elip rend land mink lent 

flip aend rand unk vent 

1 slip tend bang wink went 







LESSON SI. 






m 


tnnk 


bSnk 


bm 


mTIl 


dtick 


.m 


silk 


hank 


dill 


pill 


luck 


m 


gilt 


l&nk 


fill 


ki 


tuck 


n 


hUt 


rank 


hiU 


sUl 


dusk 


D 


mUt 


sank 


^u 


till 


husk 


a 


wit 


tank 


kill 


will 


tusk 






LESSON tt. 






ap 


blimp 


eftrl 


eSsh 


best 


bttng 


op 


hump 


furl 


dash 


lest 


hung 


'P 


jump 
lump 


hurl 


gash 


rest 


rung 


»P 


«l&p 


lash 


test 


sung 


»P 


mump 


flap 


rash 


vest 


hang 


ap 


pump 


slap 


sash 


▼est 


rang 






LESSON 23. 






k 


dSck 


bfick 


dtbt 


brSg 


bSIt 


I 


hock 


hack 


gust 


€rag 


felt I 


k 


lock 


lack 


just 


drag 


melt 


k 


mock 


pack 


lust 


faet 


pelt 
fist 


c 


sock 


rack 


must 


paet 


c 


rock 


sack 


rust 


taet 


mist 






LESSON 24. 






id 


€r8p 


«18d 


eork 


sptb 


drtib 


d 


drop 


plod 


tort 


stun 


grub 


id 


prop 


shod 


edst 


shun 


elub 


; 


stop 


trod 


lost 


plum 


snub 


>g 


Idss 


shop 


tost 


tflrk 


tfirf 

1 



20 


TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEHNER. 






LESSON 25. 




cart 


€ast 


bark 


bard 


bass 


dart 


fast 


dark 


eard 


lass 


hart 


last 


hark 


hard 


mass 


mart 


mast 


lark 


yard 


pass 


part 


past 


mark 


barm 


hasp 


, tart 


vast ^ 


park 


harm 


rasp 






LESSON 36. 


/ 


bftfl 


t»u 


bawl 


biiff 


bai 


eall 


waU 


jaii^l 


«tiff 


cell 


fall 


bald 


damt 


huff 


feU 


hall 


ward 


latm 


muff 


dell 


mall 


draw 


ya«m 


puff 


teU 


paU 


flati^ 


laud 


ruff 


well 






LESSON 27. 




b99k 


deem 


halt 


€00l 


ford 


eook 


seem 


salt 


eoop 


fort 


hook 


teem 


wart 


loop 


port 


look 


leek 


w^p 


food 


tom 


nook 


seek 


wash 


mood 


worn 


took 


week 


wand 


rood 


pore 






LESSON 28. 




«ove 


doom 


reek 


deal 


beam 


hove 


loom 


meek 


heal 


ream 


rove 


room 


feel 


meal 


seam 


wovo 


boon 


heel 


seal 


team 


roll 


moon 


peel 


veal 


lean 


boll 


noon 


reel 


zeal 


mean 






LESSON 29. 




babe 


bare 


eSnt 


bam 


bide 


bane 


€are 


dank 


barb 


bile 


bate 


dare 


fang 


carp 


dice 


base 


fare 


gang 


dam 


dine 


€ase 


hare 


pang 


farm 


fife 


dame 


mare 


sang 


pard 


fine 





TOWN'S SFELL£R 


AND D£F!NER. 


21 






LESSON 30. 


X 




brave 


brake 


broke 


drove 


brain 


blaie 


grave 


flake 


choke 


grove 


dram 


5laze 


1 shave 


spake 


spoke 


stove 


gram 


>raze 


blade 


brace 


shore 


globe 


train 


craze 


shade 


grace 


snore 


prose 


chain 


graze 


trade 


place 


store 


tho$e 


slam 


snake 






LESSON 31. 






slSok 


bfitch 


flftnk 


bound 


boost 


bride 


staok 


eaech 


crank 


found 


toast 


chide 


bloek 


laiteh 


drank 


pound 


coach 


bribe 


clock 


pa^ch 


thank 


sound 


bloat 


tribe 


•crock 


flash 


prank 


brown 


shorn 


prime 


frock 


trash 


chank 


frown 


sworn 


swine 






LESSON 32. 






grind 


grifst 


par86 


brass 


noi$e 


bleat 


quire® 


whbt^ 


farc« 


grass 


poise 


cleat 


spire 
sneer 


whisk 


barge 


class 


spoil 


treat 


qu^m 


caZve 


draft 


thorn 


duck 


queer 


stem 


halve 


graft 


torch 


pluck 


sneer 


sperm 


saZve 


shaft 


storm 


truck 






LESSON 33. 






1 erape 


baste 


blush 


blame 


chm 


spSll 


grape 


haste 


plush 


flame 


drill 


dwell 


1 riiape 


paste 


brush 


shame 


frill 


sheU 


; i^ate 


taste 


stand 


crane 


quill® 


brine 


j slate 


waste 


brand 


plane 
urame 


spill 


shine 


< state 


grate 


grand 


still 


thine 






LESSON 34. 






bfich 


bmck 


blSnd 


brack 


crane 


ch&8 


bench 


clack 


bless 


brand 


crape 


chest 


i filch 


click 


blink 


brant 


crate 


chick 


! bunch 


clink 


bliss 


brink 


crime 


chill 


lunch 


brick 


bluff 


brisk 


drake 


chmk 


munch 


brock 


blunt 


bring 


drape 


chuck 



22 TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 






LESSON 35. 

bu'bo* dtal d? et la' dy h& nj 

he ro ri al po et la zy ho ly 

so lo ri al po em ha zy to ry 

ty ro ri ot ru in ma zy po $y 

pi «a bi as du el na vy ro $y 

so fa re al li on za ny po ny 

LESSON 36. 

1? ar 6v' er bit/ er pa' per IStf ter 

ci der nev er pip er ta per fet ter 

rid er lep er vi per la ver fes ter 

bri er giv er f if er ea per sil ver 

€ri er riv er mi ter pa cer €ut ter 

pri or ^ liv er til er ra cer «ut ler 

LESSON 37. 

eru' el m&il in giin ner dai' ly B6jf ry 

gru el lat in gut ter ral ly jol ly 

Kv el sat in pet ty sal ly fol ly 

reb el «ab in pen ny tal ly sul^iy 

lim it ra zor nil ly hana y sun ny 

piv ot slat er sil ly sand y fun ny^ 

LESSON 38. 

dbl' lar €5m' i« St/ om bSn' dy a go' 

sol der eol i« at tie ean dy a bode 

hop per ton ie pan ie dan dy a lone 

prop er top i€ mim i€ till er a side 

rob in frol ie civ ie tin der a like 

bob bin trop ie rus tie sis ter a live 

LESSON 30. 

eow' slip pjin' eake fish' hook post' age 

eow pen bed post band box bean pole 

p5p gun bed room snou^ b^ll Ink stand 

eat nip eob web blue bird stlk wdrm 

sunset tea eup pla^ da^ playmate 

sun ri$e tea pot f99t bj^ll fire fly 

* ITie piarJt of accent continites its infiaeaoe tlU contradicted by a chUnge of place. 





TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 


23 






LESSON 


40. 






ter 


h\d! den 


sSx' ton 


dow' er 




»r 


hid den 


pen non 


power 




ter 


madden 


yen om 


tow er 




ker 


sad den 


sSr mon 


k)w er 




ter 


red den 


etm ton 


bow er 




i^. 


trod den 


pis ton 


flow er 






LESSON 41. 






>'er 


tf m' ber 


be side' 


eontSnf 




ter 


Km ber 


be tide 


re lent 




der 


Him per 
tin der 


de ride 


re pent 




der 


abide 


in vent 




der 


bin der 


elide 


in dent 




I der 


ginger 

LESSON 


pro vide 
f 42. 


in tent 




k'et 


•wSx' en 


frgi^fyl 


mSItf ed 




:et 


flax en 


fftult ful 


pelted 
belt ed 




ket 


deep en 
fr&n en 


hArtful 




: et 


sTn ful 


brand ed 




ket 


sick en 


help ful 


hunted 




set 


short en 


man ful 


Hfted 






LESSON 43. 






'ish 


nice' ly 


unkind 


mis date' 




ish 


wisely 


un ripe 


nus rate 




I ish 


neatly 


un wSU 


mis rfile 




;i8h 


time ly 


un safe 


dislike 




c ish 


kind ly 


un triie 


disrobe 




ik ish 


year ly 

LESSOI! 


un h4rt 
r 44. 


disuse^ 




>'bl« 


ban' ter 


back' et 


chSp'let, 




He 


€» ter 


buck le 


chat ter 




Ue 


«ati'cel 


buck ler 


eher ish 




tl« 


ean did 


buffet 


cher ub 




de 


dan die 


bun die 


chil dren 




tl* . 


ban die 


bus ele 


chuck le 


!^ 



24 


TOWN'S SPELLEB 


AND DEFINEB. 


' 




LESSON 45. 




Ke'tor 


bgv'el 


wag' on 


dS cent 


in ner 


bez el 


. gallon 


re cent 


ten or 


ves sel 


me$lin 


lu cent 


tes ter 


keivnel 


wel kin 


tu mor 


ves per 


dorsal 


bod kin 


tQ, mor 


setter 


gSspel 


eSffin 


tre mor 




LESSON 46. 




ax' is 


dSx'y 


abgtf 


na' tion^ 


ten nis 


lob by 


be get 
eadet 


ra tion 


ean dor 


levy 


sta tipn 


elam or 


bevy 


began 
se dan 


mo tiion 


eur ry 


ves try 


no tion 


bur ry 


testy 


divan 


lo tion 




^ LESSON 47. 




as sort' 


behSsf 


as stst' 


balloau' 


eseort 


infest 


de sist 


galloon 


de tort 


detest 


in sist 


baboon 


re tort 


molest 


attire 


lam pool 


extort 


ar rest 


en tire 


mon 8001 


dis tort 


attest 


re tire 


fes toon 




LESSON 48. 




afflux 


drSp' sy 


m' low 


bll'low 


efflux. 


^psy 


hoi lOM^ 


pillocr 


in flux 


tipsy 


bor rot£^ 


willott^ 


conflux 


dreary 


mor row 


win dott' 


eon vex 


wea ry 


sorrows 


winnotf 


v5r tex 


que ry® 


widot£^ 


talker 




LESSON 49. 




me' ga 


n5' ti fy 


ra' di us 


In'digo 


ar ma da 
ea na ry 


purify 
lu na cy 


rapi er 
jo 4^*/al 


infamy 
injury' 


po ta to 


pracy 


labial 


euracjr 


te de um 


no tary . 


me ni al 


mu ti njr 


de ni al 


vo tary 


pe ri od 


re ally ! 



L 






\ 




F 


TOWN'S SPRLLER AND DEFINER. 


26 






LESSON 5a 






ai'so 


81' bum 


€»n'text 


cSn'sort 




Sdyfirb 


al pha^ 


crotoh et 


dor ic 




abbess 


ban nock 


eom ma 


digit 




ab scess 


bar genn 


case ment 


digger 




aet or 


ch8t td 


ci phei^ 


drug ^st 




aefc ress 


elassie 


check er 


duteh ess 






LESSON 5L 






dgx'tral 


flee'ey 


fa/ thing 


gr&n' ite 




eastern 


friday 


frgckl^ 


greedy 




eiiber 


froa m 


fissile 


gipsy 




Sn 81^ 


feeder 


fare taste 


has sock 




epaet 


feel ing 


feud al 


logic 




Sp oeh 


farther 


gable 


locking 






LESSON 53. 






Wnd' er 


uiiif Ave 


rSs'teum 


sea' son 




lem ma 


nds tram 


rail ing 


speak er 




lev ee 


nappy 


reading 


nei ther 




moQ day 


nes &e 


rea ton 


se cant 




mean ing 


pam phlet^ 


s8phist*» 


speed y 




meet ing 


pick le ' 


siinday 


se quin® 






LESSON 53. 






shYp' ping 


trSp' ping 


treo' ele 


wind- ing 




stigma 


tract Ue 


trifb iine^ 


t^nrit ing 




syn od 


thftr$day 


volly 


whlffle«> 




sen ate 


tu^$ di^ 


vestal 


whither 




ton al 


teach er 


vista 


whisker 




tor rent 


treason 


heal ing 


wheth er 






LESSON 54. 






anneaf 


a loud' 


be tween' 


halloo' 




ar rear 


a round 


be time$ 


myself 




a moio: 


awake 


be efttOie 


parade 




a w% 


awoke 


belSce 


po made 




abrSost 


aeeoil 


en dear 


parol 




areade 


. aloof 


es quire® 


patrol 


k 









i 


26 


TOWN'S SPELLER 


AND DEPINEB. 


\ 




LESSON 5& 




arm' let 


bSp' tist 


t^tl tire 


frS8'«o 


St las 


bar ren 


dar ling 


fen oer 


addle 


elut ter 


d6nt ist 


fender 


bump er 


elev er 


dex ter 


fifty 


busk in 


char^ er 


flatly 
flex fire^ 


finny 


bedlam 


char nel 


fisher 




LESSON 56. 




flints y 


fl5]/ ence 


gSn' der 


gSm' ut 


flurry 


flor in 


grizzle 


hun dred 


fluster 


fae tor 


gran ule^ 


h^rdy 


frus trum 


fat ling 


goggle 


ln«,t 
m dex 


friz lie 


g^r man 


go$hng 


fun gu8 


gargle 


grapple 


j«g g»« 




LESSON 57. 




igstfer 
kid nap 


ISnd' ing 


ntxf/ ling 


pfo' tu 


lantern 


nSst ling 


pil grim 


lim bo 


min nof£^ 


neth er 


ren ard 


lin den 


men sal 


petal 


senna 


lisp er 


nun im 


pennant 


sex tant 


lam mas 


mum my 


p^ pie 


sent tie 




LESSON 58. 




sge'tor 


slx'ty 


trtb'ute*^ 


trtck'le 


sev en 


smug gle . 


ten ant 


target 


shil ling 


sjpelling 
shut ter 


tempest 


wBst em 


shuffle 


twen ty 


whispei^ 


siin ^ 


stubble 


thunder 


whittle 


dnger 


supjde 


tickle 


win ter 




LESSON 59. 




a'pril 


e'ra 


ge'nus 


pa'thos 


elimax 


e ther 


grav^ 
modish 


portal 


ea denoe 


filingis 


pulpit 


dative 


florist 


mo tire 


re bus 


deist 


fu mid 


mu cid 


ra yen 


bemg 


dur ing 


label 


slid er 





TOWN'S SPELLER 


AND DEFINER. 


27 




LESSON 60. 




d 


sftx'on 


Sm' press 


foi^ty 


are 


ed dy 


es senc6 


5b long 


na 


eld est 


shut tl^ 


wed ding 


gQ 


in land 


rud der 


vas sal 


een 


to paz 


jug gle 


scrap er 


lame 


fore top 


vSr diet 


6 vfert 1 

1 




LESSON 61. 




D 


drag' on 


pSs' sive 


ab' bot 


tj 


hav ing 


pSs tim 


hee tor , 


ds 


sdng ster 


ralh er 


«ap tor 1 


rum® 


mSn ster 


smat ter 


vie tor 


turn 


w^n ton 


lam bent 


bick er 


h 


pr5v inc« 


jal ap 


proe tor 




LESSON 63. 




' ness 


dark' ness 


pSIe' ness 


kind' ness 


less 


mM ness 


same ness 


lone ness 


less 


fond ness 


meek ness 


bold ness 


ness 


loud ness 


near ness 


sloii^ ness 


ness 


dull ness 


ripe ness 


blue ness 


aess 


fine ness 


shy ness 


hard ness 




LESSON 63. 




ness 


^lear' ness 


dm' ing 


paws' ing 


ess 


neat ness 


priin ing 
d&r ing 


raising 


ness 


vile ness 


tea$ ing 


I ness 


sore ness 


glfiring 


paving 
div ing 


t ness 


sour ness 


sp&r ing 


1 ness 


blind ness 


fu$ ing 


sav ing 




LESSON 64. 




ding 


t8n' ning 


' splf ting 
shop ping 


bl5t' ting 


dmg 


gun ning 


-spotting 


bmg 


pinning 


mat ting 


hit ting 


ding 


run ning 


bet ting 


fit ting 


ding 


step ping 


wet ting 


sit ting 


ling 


hop ping 


get ting 


quit ting® [ 



\ 



28 


TOWN'S SPELLER AND 


DEFINEB. 








LESSON 65. 






€oal 


boil 


16th 


cord 


50ut 


maui 


foal 


coil 


both 


lord 


out 


&Ul 


goal 


foil 


most 


com 


pout 


gain 


loan 


roil 


post 
dost 


horn 


rout 


pain 


moan 


soil 


bom 


lour 


rain 


roam 


toil 


doth 


mom 


BOUT 


vain 






LESSON 66. 






' clay 


prl 


tftZk 


Amee 


stoi^ 


dove * 


I play 


gird 


waflc 


tree 


crow; 


love 


1 slay 


girt 


baZk 


free 


grow 


move 


dray 


stir 


eaZm 


thee 


shoir 


Io$e 


gray 


^hir*» 


baZm 


flee 


snoK; 


they 


pray 


sir 


paZm 


glee 


inoi^ 


prey 






LESSON 67. 






qutck® 


paint 


fl&re 


flout 


breed 


br&id 


thick 


samt 


glare 


spout 


. creed 


dread 


drunk 


W9«Bt 


snare 


scout 


speed 


death 


trunk 


braid 


spare 


shout 


steed 


dream 


flock 


faith 


thSre 


scour 


sheet 


cream. 


stock 


staid 


whSre 


flour 


fleet 


gleam 






LESSON 68. 






Mnge 


blSst 


sie^e 


couM 


third 


%At 


tinjg 


drest 


grief 


w<?uZd 


whirl« 


mi^At 


minc€ 


tress 


niece 


st99d 


birth 


Aghi 


sinc^ 


gi^ess 


piece 


shgok 


shirt 


mgM 


i dience- 


gi^est 


ihe$e 


grope 


w6rid 


pence 


quest® 


sneak 


scope 


worth 


. wij^At 






LESSON 60. 






sneeze 


ASnce 


^^ughi 


drgrfge 


thWSne 


freeze 


whence^ i^ughi 


fleeJ^e 


doihe 


; spleen 


twelve 


clfttOie 


shroud 


E^ 


; beave$ 


shelve 


squftll® 


lounge 


grease 


length 


bouyAtf^ 


spou$e 


brcNwIt 


three 


drift 


souyAt 


house 


spent 1 





TOWN'S 


SPELLER AND 


DEFINER. 


29 


^ 




LESSON 70. 






eWg 


%A 


twtt 


h9st 


oath 


«a;f 


\i\gh 


whit« 


hath . 


soufn 


elfin 


twine 


lisp 


than 


mot^?n 


€lam 


type 


wisp 


Anot 


burn \ 


eram 


wafk 


slid 


punk 


turn 


€rib 


wftrd 


skid 
LESSON 71. 


sunk 


haZf 


blake 


blotcrn 


hStch 


hiinch 


cltng 


trace 


grou^ 


match 


punch 


slink 


^ trafl 


groum 


^ash 


slunk 


swing 


blatn 


quoth® 


slank 


plump 


swung 


-trait 


bloterth 


shank 


thump 


clung 


bathe 


groirth 


spank 
LESSON T2. 


brunt 


grunt 


poach 


pouch 


greek 


brood 


brft?«^l 


chime 


vouch 


Anead 


irhose 


drau^l 


grime 


prowl 


sheep 


shone 


dratim 


whine** 


mound 


sweep 


trope 


spatni 


while 


drown 


groom 


prflde 


preach 


style 


scowl 


troop 
LESSON 73. 


mange 


f^reathe 




wHch« 


chant 


t^Soth 


whtff 


width 


vault 


street 


fifth 


serip 


shred 


e5rs« 


wheeze 


snuflF 


strip 


depth 


corpse 


leaves 


stuff 


piteh 


check 


quMm® 


ttnrdng 


truss 


witch 


ttreck 


squ^ 
LESSON 74. 


vogwe 


irsxd^e 


trrSteh 


quaint® 


t(?«gh« 


fou^At? 


trounce 


french 


strove 


tongze^ 


sou^At 


chrl$m 


stench 


traipse ^ 


roftgh 


AmSck 


breathe 


breath 


eflra^ 


c8Mgh 
ou^At^ 


wSff 


sheathe 


spungtf 


swefir 


wfii^A 


nci^ 


JtneU 


troU 


groftt 


t&hom 


mten 



'60 TOWN'S SPELLEB AND DEFINER. 



PART II. 



MODE DP SPELLING AND DEFINING. 

In the following spelling-lessonB, where there are but two c 
nmns, each word in the Jirst column is to be defined by the opi 
site word in the second, using the word implies^ or such expressi 
as may be applicable ; thus, JruUion (implies) enjoyment, if the 
are three columns, the word in the Jirst is defined by the other t 
words standing opposite in the second and third columns ; th 
lively (implies) €u;tive or brisk. 

The class will therefore study and spell all the words in ea 
column, but will define only those in the first column, according tot 
following examples. To the definitions thus given in the booky i 
pupils will add what others they can; or the teacher may, a 
ought to exercise them, in giving examples of the differerl setises 
which the words may properly be used. 

EXAMPLES OF TWO COLUMNS. 



g&I' lant ly brave' ly I de frgud' cheat 

«om pound mlxt ure*^ | dis p^rse S€&\! tei 

Defined thus : gaUantiy (implies) bravely. A compound (implies 
miaUure. To defraud (implies to) cJieoL To disperse (imjuies i 
scatter. 

EXAMPLES OF THREE COLUMNS. 



«on else' brief shSrt I fts' «fire®^ «hS$m «16fl 
p&riid pale w^n | labor toil w6rl 

Defined thus : concise (implies) brief or short. Pallid (implic 
pale or toan. A fissure (imjmes a) chasm or clefi. To labor (^ 
plies to) uAlor work. 

A strict adherence to this method of defining will be of inestimal 
importance to the learner. 

In defining adjectives and adverbs, the scholar may say impUi 
in defining nouns, implies, or imj^lies a, the, or an ; but in dennii 
verbs, implies to ; or he majr substitute such other terms as hb teac 
er thinks most applicable m the case. 

No pains should be spared, on the part of the teacher, to inddi 
the pupils to be faithful in acquiring a knowledge of the s^nific 
tion or such words as they are learning to spell ; for by word 
written or spoken, they are to communicate their thoughts to ot 
ers, and comprehend what others wish to communicate to them. 
# 



TOWN^S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



81 



REMARK. 

Every child, in his course of instructioii in primary schools, is 
required to spell the tables <tf words in his book many times orer ; 
and it is scarcely |iosn^ that he should be exercised each thne ac- 
cording to the method here proposed, without distinctly acquiring 
one or more of the prominent or leading significations of a great 
majority of the irordb. And we think it can not be shown, thatj 
such a course will not lay the earlibst and the best foundation 
the age of the scholar will admit, to become well versed in a knowl- 
edge of the English language. 

Much, however, will depend on the fidelity <if the teacher, in ear^ 
rying out the mode of defining, as laid down on the foregoing 
page. 

SECTION I. 

Always define the first column by the seaond, but 
•never define the second by the first. See page 30th. 



t be^ik m\ 

brim ed^e 

bile g»ll 

brfite beast 

bfish shr&b 

boon ^ 

bdss ^ob 

eoost shore 

eowl h99d 

drSod f&ir 

flesh meat 

flfltc^ erSck 

nb lie 

fame smoke 

glee joy 

.glSbe 8(nl 

sSck bfig 

bulk size 



. ^Noons. , 

harm hflrt 

hide 

heap 

j&t 

lung^ 

ktrk 

l&d 

loop 

lout 



-Noans.- 



skln 
pile 
joke 
thrtLst 
chtlrch 
boy 
noose 
elown 
mazse e5m 
noun nSme 
patcm pl&%e 
peak point 
tine prdng 
quSsi^ sfearoh 
bark rind 
space room 
eave dSn 



flame blaze 
guile «raft 
sBl siin 



van 
pest 
staff 



front 

plSgue 

cane 



pace stSp 

pf^t«$e stop 

Ifttim plSin 

spSl charm 

speed haste 

spine thorn 

tube pipe 

stf^ll st^nd 

bloe^; stroke 

stay pr5p 

thi^ng erowd 

slilg drone 



L 





32 


TOWN'S SPELLEB AND DEt 


»NER. 






Ycr*- 




\ti lao*! .'»* 




bKnk 


wYnk 


plung« 


dive 


bbtnd 


• mild 




doze 


drowS6 


ptlrg« 


clSan$0 


blank 


white 




ftfch 


brtfng 


pr&s 


squeeze^ 


bleak 


eold 




flinch 


shrink 


qu^h® 


crfish 


Hg 


largtf 




float 


swim 


querl 


coil 


broad 


wide 




ford 


wade 


rS.p 


AiiiJck 


chaste 


pure 




flSp 


flSp 


rear 


rai$e 


erflde 


raw 




frisk 


skip 


rSnt 


lease 


fain 


giad 




flag 


droop 


rins« 


w^h 


fleet 


swift 




gfize 


sUlre 


TQign 


rflle 


harsh 


rough** 
void 




grieve 


mourn 


rfib 


wipe 
slide 


nmi 




gripe 


ptnch 


skate 


prime 


first 




halt 


stop 


shift 


change 


pSrt 


smart 




heed 


mind 


singtf 


scorch 


snfig 


close 




hail 


€ail 


shut 


close 


vast 


great 




' le^ 


jiimp 


test 


try 


brief 


short 




. jade 


tire 


smut 


bmck 


caZm 


stni 




: kink 


twfet 


snarl 


growl 


htx 


loose 




lade 


load 


slake 


quSnch® 


sour 


tart 




j leer 


squ&t® 


slay 


kill 


sleek 


smooth 




1 15nd 


loon 


smite 


strike 


sheen 


brl^At 




: miss 


fail 


streak 


stripe 


sear 


dry 




; chat 


ta* 


sup 


stp 


queer^ 


droll 




: cede 


yield 


twtrl 


whirl 


sage 


wi$e 




i champ 


ehew^ 


veer 


turn 


t^rs^ 


neat 




, hum 


b&sz 


vCnd 


sSll 


green 


frSsh 




: hush 


still 


warp 


twist 


grtm 


fierce 




leave 


quit 


wrap 


fold 


scarce 


rare 




pli^/it 


pledge 


wield 


sway 


shSrn 


false 




?«^hoop 


shout 


woo 


court 


sharp 


keen 




boom 


swsa 


h\lg7it 


blast 


spftre 


loon 




crtmp 


cflrl 


crave 


Wg 


fcw»in 


two 




flay 


sktn 


jSrk 


twitch 


gpTiioe 


trtm 




gMide 


lead 


sttr 


move 


flaunt 


thin 




dtp 


plfing« 


slant 


slope 


blear 


soro 


J 


; br^t^^l 


scold 


bhtre 


roar 


brtsk 


«'taTr*r i 





TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 








fyqwim. 






^VerlM 


• 




are 


arch 


fAvve 


'^ bounce 


leap 


spring j 




blast 


giist 


paff 


clinch 


grasp 


se^ze i 




beach 


strand 


shore 


screak 


creak 


s<|ueak® 




branch 


bou^A 


limb 


deem 


think 


jut/ge 




fSn 


b8g 


marsh 


drag 


dra«^ 


ha«l 




eramp 


crick 


spS$m 


drench 


wSt 


soak 




erest 


tuft 


pliime 


delve 


grub 


dig 




chit 


shoot 


sprout 
turf 


fuse 


smelt 


melt 




sod 


dSd 


f^dge 


% 


fit 




fang 


tusk 


tooth 


flirt 


throw 


tdss 




feat 


deed 


Set 


gUde 


slide 


slip 




fdsse 


moot 


ditoh • 


giill 


dupe 


trick 




fan 


sport 


play 


frizz 


crfep 


ctirl 




garb 


dr&s 


clothes 


fling 


cast 


srMid 1 




globe 


sphere*^ 


» ball 


hurt 


sKng 


flin- : 




haze 


f«g 


mist 


jeer 


flout 


scftff 1 




need 


lack 


want 


mSsh 


smSsh 


criish i 

1 




path 


rood 


way 


pMd 


druc^ge 


toil 




sprig 


shoot 


twtg 


nve 


cleave 


split 




spume 


frSth 


foam 


soar 


mount 


rise ' 




skfiin 


hUnk 


*n5t 


screech 


scream 


shnek 




^ blflr 


blot 


stain 


seek 


search 


hant 




A?nag 


A;not 


P^g 


vawnt 


boost 


brag 




charge 


trust 


eSre 


drab 


thr&h 


beat 




mass 


lump 


heap 


score 


no^ch 


mark 1 




f^fffe 


dread 


fear 


rtd 


free 


clear 




ttim 


change 


shm 


goad 


spur 


prick 
boil 




w^nd 


rM 


stick 


stew® 


seethe 




eraft 


art ' 


trade 


AmSck 


beat 


strike 




shrine 


ease 


h6x 


cloy 


fill 


giat ! 




site 


seat 


jplace 
loop 


hoist 


raise 


lift j 




tSche 


esXteh 


croiich 


cringe 


st)op 1 




serap 
booth 


peoe 


part 


«^rSnch 


wrest 


twist j 




tSnt 


stall 


trim 


dress 


prune | 




*n8t 


tie 


b«nd 


fleer 


mock 


jeer | 




leak 


erSck 


hole 


A:n&b 


^TA 


V\\fe \ 





.<;& SPELLER AND 


Dl^INEB. 






SECTION IJ 








Na 




Puts of tb 


^ 


babe 


^ in' fant 


rage 


vffi'ry ' 


hamMike4 




bard 


po et 


soul 


splr it 
shal low 


&rm 




b6t 


wa ger 


shoal 


bone 




beev«$ 


eSt tU 


spltnt 


splint er 


bitek 




coin 


mon ej 


sire 


fa ther 


brow 




€Ote 


sheep fold 
brtish wood 


t8n 


f ash ion»* 


bratn 




cSps^ 


trice 


in stant 


brSost 




erib 


man ger 


tr&mp 


tram pet 


chin 




dfearth 


ffimin^ 


vest 


jack et 


cheek 




frtll 


ruffle 


w6rth 


valued 


ear 




gaii^ 


mea$ ure® 


zSst 


rel ish 


eye 




gr«t 


eav em 


bale 


pack a^ 


f&t 




host 


ar my 


biinch 


clus ter 


f99t 




hue 


col or 


kin 


kin dred 


hSod 




htlt 


b^n dl6 


chance 


fort iine^ 


hand 




1 ho$e 


stock ing$ 


cloak 


man tU 


hip 




leave 


Ii' cen86 


pass 


pas' sage 
dng dom 


joint 




Itinch 


l&nch eon^ 


rSalm 


jftti^ 




mount 


mount ain 


shed 


hov el 


^ee 




mart 


mark et 


shade 


shad ow 


ISg 




mead 


mSod ow 


strife 


con test 


lung$ 




m5m 


mom ing 


trffl 


qua v>&r® 
day spring 


month 




one® 


ttnit*^ 


dftt^ 


n^ck 




orts 


refuse 


d66t 


debit 


no$e 




rfiin$ 


kid ney$ 


shield 


buck ler 


vfiin 




gift 


pre$ ent 


cove 


in let 


ribi 




gulf 


abW 
rea'^Son 


bft 


morsel 


shin 




e^v^e 


robe 


g^r tnent 


sldn 




chlirl 


riiff tic 


stroll 


i-am \Ae 


spine 




seiim 


refuse 


nj^mph*^ god dess 


scaip 




serSp 


frag ment 


scribe 


writ er 


toe . 




scheme 


proj ect 


tank 


cfe tem 


thttmft 




spine 


back bone 


mask 


vis or 


tongue 




, br^.M'l 


qu^r rel® 


t^rath 


an" ger 


throat 


/ woof 


mxt flre^ 


Yftaki 


di^ra^ 


^w^t 



TOWlfS SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



Isi 



8nt/ 

sunt sftm 

fSf f»th 



eer 

ape 
rigue 

rfiss 
' ace 
hem 



Q 10*" 

iom 
der 
k et 
ness 
die 



bin 

taet 

iage 

pllrs^ 
eloid 



•cmrse 

jnt 

mght 

pI5t 

marsh 

thrSat 

hymn 

feast 

bath 

broom 

breast 

size 

roll 



-Nouni.<^ 

' wa' ge$ 
fi Bis 

frSe tioQ^ 
friar 
f &1 erum 
flam beau^^ 

gS DOS 

gfillet 
hfLrdle 
k^m el 
m6n areh 
muz z\e 
op tion 
pigmy 
pig ment 
por tion 
pr6s peet 



OoeiipAtloot. 

barb' er 
br5$iei» 
eoop er 
€511 iei* 
chan dler 
eloth ier 
dra per 
farm er 
glSzieiM 
gro eer 
hiick ster 
hat ter 
join er 
Km ner 
mS son 
min er 



load 

spool 

tofich 

r5pe8 

brood 

thtef 

etlrv« 



; net 


sw^n 


TQW$ 


stnuts 


mght 


week 


er® 


drain 


ex 


flint 


jute^ 


Iftw 


jflre^ 


hei^At 


bbard 


sheath 


time 


spk)rt 


nish 


sear 


anotf 


hap 
width 


nd neaa 



ptli/ view 
ra dix 
rat ment 
r&b h\e 
sig nal 
sei*^ ior® 
serfltoii'^' 
su' et 
spS ter 
stream let 
tgxt flre^ 
to ken 
vl$ ton^ 
obit 
fftZ ee^n 
grapple 
eommrt 
vertex 
sIg net 



seope 

root 

€loihe$ 

m5b 

sT^rn 

lord 

desk 

fat 

zine 

rill 

web 

si^rn 

si^At 

d^th 

\i^wk 

hopk 

Sa$e 

tSp 



mtlVer 
mir chant 
natl er 
patnt er 
p8t ter 
^m yer 
sSd dler 
shep Aerd 
tin ner 
tan ner 
tai lor 
link er 
weaver 
play er 
plead er 
rigger 
fram er 
spin ster 





86 


TOWN'S SPELLER AND 


DEFINEB. 




Terbo 




Yei 


•^ *m. 




"hab'bu ^ 


ttmp 
shake 


shad'der ' quake® ^ 




jog gle 


shriv el 


shrTnk 




num ber 


eount 


squander® waste 




pam per 
pen aer 


gWt 


strSg gle 


stroll 




mu$e 


sun der 


part 




ptlr chase 


bwy 


sw^ die 


swathe 




rlv et 


cttnch 


tan" gle 


snarl 




rifle 


rob 


with' er 


fade 




serf! pie 


dou6t 


be smear' 


dftt^b 




amble 


pace 
bloom 


concede 


yield 




blSssom 


eon front 


face 




ea per 


sktp 


con fide 


triist 




cSn siire® 


blame 


«on cewe 


think 




chuck le 


lawgh« 


€on struct 


bmld 




«lam ber 


elimi 


com mend 


prai$e 




eoz en 


cheat 


de mand 


claitn 




d& tine 


doom 


de fray 


pay 




doaV le 


fold 


de terg^ 


clSan$e 




fam ish 


starve 


en tice 


tempt 
pledge 




hud die 


erowd 


engage 




tray erse 


erSss 


ex p6nd 


spend 




tSrtfire^ 


rXck 


ex tend 


reach 




im brown' 


tan 


e vince 


prove 




in vSst 


clothe 


im plead 
red' den 


sue 




in-line 


lean 


bmsh 




inf^t 


tamt 


eob ble 


bo^ch 




in struct 


teach 


cavil 


carp 




pe rfl$e 


read 


en vy 


grurfge 




per mit 


Igt 


Strug gle 
quiet^ 


sitriVe 




pur l<Hn 


steal 


lull 




re spire 


breathe 


dis like' 


hate 




attempt 


try 


mis take 


err 




r^' sack 


search 


per form 


do 




a void' 


sh&n 


cftu' tion*^ 


warn 




eon trive 


scheme 


whit en 


bleach 


£ 


dia dam 


seom 


be i?Xtd\' 


Cilaarai 



TOWN'S SPELLEB AND bEFINEB. 



37 



—Verbs*— 



tuk lute' 
diffa$e 
be dSck 
con demn 
pre tend 
ftighi! exi 
har vest 
idl« 

Ifin" guish* 
mai' ry 
men tion^ 
81 lenG6 
slim mon 
tar r J 
val ue^ 
w^n der 
stag ger 
rid dl^ 



greet 
sprSod 
deck 
doom 



-A4ieoUvca.- 



reap 

lounge 

pme 

wSd 

name 

BtUl 

cite 

wait 

prize 

stray 

reel 

sm 



&V ject 
ar id 
az ur«^ 
ftu bum 
c6r tain 
effl bns 
chtrl ish 
du al 
filthy 
frigid 
grizzly 
lar board 
lu cid 
mea ger 
mi nor 
n5v el 
mer ry 
er99k ed 



mean 

dry 

blue 

brown 

sure® 

hard 

rflde 

ttro 

foul 

eold 

gray 

Wt 

bn^At 

lean 



Species of 
PlanU. 

baZm 
bean 
beet 
brake 



new^ 

gay 

bSnt 



diU 

dock 

fern 

flag 

flax 

fiteh 

gourd 

hSmp 

hope 

kale 

mint 



SECTION III. 
CJouPLETs OF Words unukb ih Pronunciation and Meaning. 



jLXMS, gifts of charity. 
ARMS, weapons; limbs. 

▲NT, a small insect; a pismire. 
AinrT, a father's or mother's sis- 
Xx, a tool for chopping. [ter. 

X«T8, deeds ; decrees. 
I BiBSD, made bare. 
I BSiBD, hair of the chin. 
1 BiLB, secretions of the liver. 
Boil, a tnmor; to seethe. 
BoT, a male child. [port 

Boot*, a floating cask ; a sap- 
BrInd, to stigmatize ; bnmt wood. 
jBrXn, coat of wheat, rye, &c. fders. 
BCsT, figure of head and shonl- 
b6rbt, to fly open suddenly. 
€Xm, of a wheel or axle. 
€a£M, quiet ; not agitated. 
Close, to shut ; to conclude. 
CLdTHJffs, wcaripg-apparel, &c. 
€5rk, a stopper or stopple, [shoe. 
€azk, to etop scams; point on horee- 



CrIck, a local spasm or cramp. 
Crekk, a small stream or inlet. 

Fal8£, not true ; counterfeit. 

Faitlts, errors; defects. 
FtJR, flne soft hair ; skins. 
Far, at a great distance. 

FttsT, the shaft of a column. 

FtRST, foremost in time or place. 
HXsH, minced meat and vegetables. 
Harsh, rough to the touch. 

HCff, a swell of anger or pride. 

Hoon bard part of an animars 
HtJLL* the body of a ship. [foot. 
(Fhole, the entire thing. 

i^LK, an island. 

Oil, ftit 6f various animals, &c. 
JfisT, a joke ; to make sport. 
Ji^BT, upright ; honest. 

K£7CH, a two-masted vesseL 

drcn, to lay hold of; to seize. 
Laitd, to praise in words. 



\ 





38 


TOWN'S 


SPELLER AND 


DEFINEE. 








SECTION IV. 


TMMftaA 




at tire' 


^drgss^ 


^ae'tave ' 


fii^^At 


UMirlMt 




as cSnd 


ri$e 


petty 


smj^U 


date 




as 868S 


t&z 


poion ant 


sharp 


flg 




a dapt 


fit 


proKx' 


18ng 
m&d 


lime 




be queath® 


wUl 


rab'id 


pltim 




be rate 


seold 


rapid 


swift 


sloe 




eom pSl 


force 


ragged 


rough*^ 


peach 




1 €om pound 


mtx 


sSble 


dark 


pcftr 




distfU 


drop 


sear let 


rU 


qutnc«^ 




inflate 


swell 


skit tish 


shy 


Treat. 




re strazn 


check 


sim pk 
tardy 


plain 


Ssh 




em brace 


elasp 
trade 


slouf 


beech 




bai^ter 


tidy 


neat 


birch 




bSl lot 


vote 


total 


t^^hole 


€5rk 




ban quet^ 


feast 


eor rSef 


ri^At 


»m 




sa ti ate^ 


eloy 


im mense 


vast 


ftr 




trSm pl« 


trSod 


sue cinet 


brief 


hoZm 




slum' ber 


sleep 


se rene' 


eaZm 


Plants. 




min ute^^ 


note 


ob tuse 


want 


mdss 




plun der 
batter 


r8b 


lo/al 


liege 


ptnk 




brfiz$e 


slin der 


slim 


rush 




re p&iY 


mSnd 


dee ade 


ten 


reed 




re po$e 


rest 


in ane' 


void 


riie 




re pr&s 


erush 


a eute 


sharp 


sage 




de €o«t 


boil 


bru n6tt« 


brown 


sSc^g^ 




rfiin 


wrSck 


€om pa^t 


d6ns« 


tar^$ 




de cefve' 


dupe 


ex empt 


free 


tAyme 




re grSt 


rfie 


de funet 


dSad 


grain 




ap pear 
. be d&h 


seem 


dis ereet 


wise 


eom 




wSt 


hu mane 


kind 


oats 




en twine 


twist 


mi nute 


small 


rye 




u nite*® 


join 


profound 


deep 


wheat 




per fume 


S(^nt 


re plete 
robtist 


m 


pea$ 




trftn' dltf 


roll 


strdng 


bean$ 


i 


) tarn lie 


ftll 


secure 


sSfe 


rice 


/I trumpet 


sound 


re miss 


&\^Y 


^WL>^e^ 





v.. 


. >-•" 








T0WN*8 SPELLER AND 


DEFINES. 


.39 




SECTION V 




• 




Toibi. 




Words of opporfl* 1 






^ 


[at! 


aid 


h»p 


life 


death 


lOld 


view» 


see 


li^At 


dark 


toto 


give 


grant 


16ft 


right 


VBzl 


wad 


moon 


more 


1888 


pa 


drive 


force 


meet 


part 


vSrt 


change 


ttlm 


n5rth 


soath 


{poll 


strip 


r8b 


51d 


new" 


nSrse 


whelm*® 


plunge 


pain 


ea$e 


[get 


bend 


«r99k 


praise 


blame 


dent 


mourn 


grieve 


prow 


stdm 


pel 


piish 


drive 


push 


PBll 


eiire 
ain 


gain 
hold 


get 

keep 


rich 
rise 


§?' 


'fet 


b8x 


beat 


rear 


fr6nt 


or 


stain 


dye 


ri^At 


trrSng 


/ er 


erouch 


stoop 


Sftlt 


frSsh 


ppl« 


maim 


lame 


sit 


stand 


vd 


€rfi,wl 


ereep 


sick 


well 


} tor 


tease 


v6x 


sink 


swim 


i" gle 


blSnd 


mix 


slou^ 


fast 


lot 


gMide 


steer 


soon 


late 


fer 


filch 


steal 


some 


n6ne 


tter 


strewj 


SOtl^ 


smQe 


fiown 


' er 


soar 


rise 


smooih 


rottgh* 


del 


form 


mold 


strdng 


ter 


chain 


bind 


short 


tftU 


\^ey 


trick 


cheat 


sew* 


rip 


bor 


toil 


w6rk 


tame 


wild 


• roz£; 


br^ak 


teftr 


thick 


thin 


a bk 


roam 


rove 


thgi2(^ 


freeze 


i.rp en, 


^dge 


point 


ftp 


down 


3Tte' 


rou$e 


m8ve 


wSke 


sleep 


foul 


dftwb 


son 


whole 


part 


juire® 


ask 


seek 


I& 


tq5 



L 





• 


'^^- 


■....^ 




40, 


TOWN'S 


SPELLEB AND DEFINEB. 












SimU 
Qnadnipeds. 


^bariad 


lay 


' s8ng" 


BoUding. 


bil lo«^ 


s4rge 
freak 


wave 


boards 


eat 


«a price' 


wUm 


brtcks 


€ub 


dftm' $el 


lass 


^rl 


brads 


hftre - 


fig flre^o 


f5rm 


sh&pe 


tacks 


kM 


fis «flreS 


€ha$m 


€l6ft 


glass 


lamft 


fount aiu 


fount 


spring 


• • • 
joists 

laths 


lynx 


^rdk 


b»t 


sash 


mink 


tm post 


toU 


tax 


lime 


mouse 


leav en 


barm 


ySost 
h4rt 


natls 


mole 


mis chief 


harm 


planks 


P^g 


mar gin 


v6rge 


brtok 


plates 


pup 


dffice 


charge 


trust 


ptas 


puss 


dor 


seSnt 


smell 


ptit' ty 


rat 


pow er 


mi^At 


strength 


posts 


skunk 


f atl ing 


fft^^lt 


lapse 


sash 


eolt 


fan cy 


taste 


whim 


sills 


eaZf 


f ash' iou3* 


form 


shape 


stiids ^ 


knall and larg«>. 


f&£ry 


Slf 


fay 


spikes 


frSg 


f 5r age 


grass 


hay 


stones 


toad 


erev ice 


erack 


clgft 


s«rews^ 


€a' vy 


eSf fer 


chest 


box 


tiles 


eo ny 


eri sis 


change 


turn 


pan' el$ 


ctv et 


«ran ny 


chtnk 


«rack 


mold ing$ 


rah bit 


dam age 


htlrt 


Idss 


battens 


sa ble 


glory 


pra2$e 


fame 


«ast ing$ 


squir rel 


lather 


foam 


frSth 


blinds 


wea $el 


pat ent 


grant 


deed 


bra' ce$ 


bi son 


set tie 


seat 


bSnch 


hing es 


bu gle 


Stan ehion 


post 


prop 


mor tar 


la ma 


let ter 


share 


mark 


raft ers 


li on 


quo ta® 


part 


sid ing 


8t ter 


ma ne$ 


gAost 


shade 


sUn" gles 


z^r da 


st5p pie 


spile 


pltig 


sleep' ers 


ze bu 


de gree' 


stSp 


«lass 


ttm ber 


u rus^ 


offense 


^me 


stn 


€as ing 


i bex 





TOWN'S 


SPELLER 


AND DEFINEB. 


41 


I 










rel® feud 


brofl 


€otip' le 
e vil 


pftir 


two' 


e 


€lown 


swain 


ni 


bSd 


e 


sereen 


sTeve 


flSe cid 


lax 


weak 


dre*^ breach 


break 


flesh y 


gross 


fat 


ionP' 


sort 


kbd 


glassy 


smooth 


brT<?At 


yw 


grief 


woe 


health y 


hale 


sound 


gard 


drone 


mope 


lim pid 


eleor 


pure 


>t 


spile 


P«g 


nim ble 


qufck® 


Bpry 


)r 


mfet 


fog 


pal lid 


wan 


pale 


'y 


dale 


glen 
face 


qui et 
SI lent 


€aZm 


stTIl 


s® 


phla 


mute 


whist 


ige 


trace 


mark 


s51id 


firm 


hard 


^e 


mM 


midst 


eon else' 


brief 


BhSrt 


fn 


81^ 


mark 


ex p6nse 


€8st 


price 


a^e 


Aerb$ 


grass 


di reet 


straz^At ri^At | 


ide' 


p5mp 


shot^^ 


to'tal^ 


whole 


«u 






SECTION VL 







PL.KT8 OF W0BD8 UKLIKE \» PRONUNCIATION AND MkANINO. 



wanting flesh. 

a legal claim on property. 
,T, the smallest. 
', for fear that. 
> be at rest horizontall j. 
he past tense of //e. 
:, a long straight mark. 
r, part of the back of an ani- 

a weaver's frame. [mal. 

a rich friable earth. 
iS, not tight ; nnbound. 
fi, to snffer loss ; to forfeit 

gentle in disposition. 

a distance of 320 rods. 
K, a white fluid. 
CH, giving milk. 
^, accounts of recent events. 
, a running knot. [ure. 

, noting distance or depart- 
» from ; proceeding from, 
to move onward ; to enact 
, to Apply rules in grammar, 
r, half a quart ; four gills. 
^T, a Bharp end; to direct 



PCs, matter from an ulcer. 
PuRSX, a bag of money. 

Rare, seldom occurrikig. 

KS^R, to rise on Uie hind legs. 
R£nts, yearly payments for lands, 
li!N9«, to cleanse by water. [&e. 

Rout, a total defeat 

Rorrs, the course or way trav- 
S£t, to place ; to plant ' [eled. 
SIt, to occupy a seat. 

S£x, distinction of gender. 

8b€T8, different denominations. 
SdT, an habitual drunkard. 
Sat, the past tense of nit [find. 

SouGfjffT*, searched for; tried to 

^ORT, a kind or order of things. 
Spilb, a wooden peg or pin. 
Spoil, to destroy ; to injure. 

STt^N, to make senseless. 

St5nb, a small rock. 
Tow' BR, a high edifice. 
Tour, a circuitous journey. 

WItr», a band of twigs. 



42 TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 



SECTION VII. 

-Noons. s^ ,, NoiiiiB^— - 



Sn^gle eor' ner aZm$-hous« p( 

S qua® wft ter Tn gress 6e 

arch er how man in mate lo( 

btis tie tu mult in stant mi 

bed lam mftd hous« I ris ra 

bide som flow er jiine tion'^ ui 

hSli ness eotir a^ lar gess bo 

br^ ren broth er$ lawn dry ws 

brim stone sill phur loo by lii 

€llr na^ sl^u^A ter l&g gage ba 

ۤi tiff vtl loin lus ter br 

ctn^t fire^ gtrd le man sion^* d^ 

€dm pass cir «ieit mag net lo< 

€Bm pound mtxt fire^ moist ness d^ 

€5r sair pi rate m5r sel m< 

eSn fliet €6m bat pas tor sh 

cy ela ctr €l« ptis tule pii 



AS nor 


gtv'er ^ 
duke dom 


pli er$ 


P^ 


d&chy 


p8t tage 


po 


despot 


ty rait 


prow ess 


va 


errand 


mSssa^ 


qu^ rant® 


qi: 


flex i&ifl 


bending 


que ry 


qi 


ibibltf 


f filling 


rftck et 


€li 


fSreeast 


fore si^At 


re gent 


rfi 


funnel 


ti&nnel 


r» iet 


Vf) 


fluid 


liq uidS 
^bbet 


rub bish 


rfi 


gSl Idtrs 


sab bath 


stt 


se ton 


IS sue^* 


sedffer 


se^ 


deal er 


trad er 


scT ence 


kn 


n&p kin 


tow el 


s8I stice 


in 


fa vor 


kind nesHi 


thick et 


foi 


Tfi,w ness 


€r<ide ness 


ses sion®^ 


sll 


mar vel 


won der 


SI lence 


sti 


riiffian® 


rbb ber 


sea port 


ha 


wim bk • 


gimlet 


sly ness 


€U 


ad vent 


eoming 


li?T^)j 


^ 



TOWSrS SPELLER A3XD DEFIKEB. 43; 



ptfAra$«> b7bla Sg' iie Hetl ive 

ew^ tSn don ae rid pun ^nt 

en mdr maid ar dent f%r vent 

p tie dondt er b&le f|il woe (]il 

Q sor B^ tj® brill iant^ shin ing 

sion^ iKght ness bon ny hSnc2 som^ 

38h old door-sill eg rate wax en 

sure^ shav ing efttis tie htLvn ing 

per jAtnb ness die zy gid dy 

ant I dler d5r mant sleep ing 

1 seript eBp y . drear y dt$ mal 

tt ment u $age^ e yea lev el 

e zer$ nip per$ f &c ile ea $y 

nor swell ing fra^ ile brtt tie 

ion® htm ing • * f u tile use less^ 

ium parch ment *. . fla grant gl&r ing 

; fire^ gar ment ; Wr rid sh^ck ing , 

guent?^ ointf ment jurf ior* yotin^ er 

less ap proach' ISn" guid* droop ing 

tion^ ven due la tent hid den 

dence be lief Kst less heed less 

ease p^r' fume mus ty mold y 

iire^ dis eourse'^ nas ty ftlth y 

id it ap pUt^se neu ter net ther 

i€s re mains no cent hftrt ful 

idal offgnse 8ft en fre quent^ 

ly buf foon old en an cient^ 

lee' eoun' sel peace fjjl qui et 

•ai janto pgttish frgtfy 



nosegay sin^ pie artless 

Ight plgos ure® pli ant Km ber 

tult f&l ike*^ quftg gy® mir y 

^hme Sn gine text ile wov en 

(ne hoi low smut ty dirt y 

ter meos ure® shag gy h&ir y 

• brSne tis sue^ top inoa\» \^gK ^si^ 





44 


TOWN'S SPELLEB AND DEFINER. 












gSd'ly 


afar' 




Pftltry 


tri fling 


ab rupt 




puny 


feebU 


adrift 




dolefiil 


a thwart 




rttd dy 


reddish 


e rSet 




sel dom 


r&rely 


en" eore'* 




sSrv lie 


slay isli 


^n teel 




dflly 


foolish 


ob scene 




slea zy 
sh&bby 


film $y 


ob liqwe^^ 




ragged 


^'pl« 




ster iltf 


barren 


speedy 




tabby 


brin dlad 


fee bly 




handy 


ready 


dark ish 




tacit 


SI lent 


pri or 




tepid 


luke w^rm 


^^ tftrbid 




testy 


frBtfjd ^. 


; C^gther 




oily 


gr€a$y^'». 


-•^- smart ly 




ttm'id 


fSor'tia^V 


Yerbfl fc Int 








touch y 


peevMi'^. 


. ' allgg^ 




wary 
live fy 
adrwt^ 


^u tious^^ 


V JBui nex 




ch^vM 


an nounc6 




dSx trous 


abSsh 




a wi^ 


ab sent 


affront 




be neoth 


un der 


appeal 




be yCnd 


fftriher 


ap pSnd 




di yme 


g5dUke 


as pire 




ezp6rt 


skillful 


assatl 




forsooth 


trflly 


a y^unt 




for 15m 


hope less 


be tr6th 




in irt 


diigpsh 


be reave 




mor(fee 


sullen 


eom bine 




pardl 


ral 


eom mute 




sub lime 


18ft y 


«on dSnse 




dire'fiil 


drSadful 


eon cert 


i 


d&> pltf 


spot ted 


eon e5et 


1 slickly 


loosely 


«.t\A^\. 



TOWirS SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



45 



-TerU.- 



ie' «om pfire' 

ringe «on Irftet 

ion be hive 

id pro t^t 

36 de grade 

one de po$e 

I pel lute 

rt dis suade* 

Q yn&i hold 

e un fold 

|I1 en slave 

3t eon fide 

ktch in trfide 

Qe en tom& 



ae 



9^ 



je' 
re 
eat 

t 

Lfb 

ime 
azm 
ire 

»und 

ind 

v« 

:ne 



en rage 
de duce 
at t&ck V 



sur round' 
en trftp 
abu$e 
neg l^t 
op po$e 
dis tnrb 
de seribe 
sup po$e 
de el^e 
pro vide 
ad vaoc^ 
pro poBe. 
re v81t 
eon dace 
re tainr 
en twist 
de bate 
in fuse 
de vote ^ 



re hdars^ 
re e<ul 
re f 5rm 
re f )ind 
re mile 
re voke 
re spSet 
re quire* 
sd' jotlm 
BUT Vive' 
sus pSet 
se cede 



>V«rte^ 



i^ 



ve neer 
eur tail 
eSn' for 
elat ter 
eod die . 



re cite' 
re bound 
a mSnd 
repi^ 
re lease 
re eftU 
re gard 
de mand 
re $ide 
out ttv« 
mis trust 
with ^T^w 
in lay 
re trSnch 
gSI' lop 
rattle 
par boil , 



'dffl'ly 
haggle 
hearic en 
ch&t ter 
mum ble 
pes ter 
rim pie 
shat ter 
stam mer 
squ^b ble® 
giggle 
tam per 
tram mel 
twink le 
van quish^ 
wel ter 
un twbf 
re ^e 
aJilx 



trffle 
m&n" gle 
list en 
jab ber 
mut ter 
troub le 
f^^rink le 
shiv er 
stut ter 
scuffle 
tit ter 
med die 
ham per 
glit ter 
eon qi*er^" 
w^ Iot£^ 
un wind 
re f r&h 




46 


TOWN'S SPKLLEH 


. AND DEFINEB. 




Yv*^ 




abase' 


hftm' bk 


^ be hoove' 


befit/ 


€om pete 


ri val 


de bar 


hJn' der 


eom plete 


flnish 


dedfiet 


sub trSef 


de% 


Im" ger 


ex elude 


debar 


exftlt 


trt umph*^ 


de ela«m 


ha T&ague 


for swe&r 


)8r jur^ 
)»ter 


im peach 


ae eu$e 


im pr6ve 


rebtit 


repel 


intSr 


buryi^ 


re trieve 


re gazn 


japSn 


varnish 


pre elude 


pre vSnt 


oe «Ar 


hSp pen 


dis p^rse 


seStfter 


per pKx 


puzde 


es teem 


val ue^ 


pro noonce 


utter 


ob sftrve 


no tice 


re Iftx 


slack en 


r8n 86m 


re deem' 


re prieve 


res pite 


rev el 


ea rou$e 


re spSnd 


an sfc^er 


sue eor 


as sist 


re strict 


limit 


swin die 


de frft?^d 


€f 8d' it 


be heve' -^ 


trespass 


trans gr^' 


--cov' et 


de $ire' 


-^dle'tate 


5^ der 


6eho 


re sound 


saz^n ter 


loi ter 


fftr msh 


eol ISet 


tSckle 


har ness 


g&th er 


quiv er® 


tr6m ble 


gov em 


eon trol 


re prooch' 
r«nV le 


instUt/ 


mftn age 


eon dtiet 


f&'ter 


mer it 


de $6rve 


men ace 


threat en 


par Aon 


for give 


fiouii der 


Strug gle 


A8n or 


re vere 


prSm ise 


en gS^e' 
de dtiet 


alM 


as sT^ 


dis eouut 


aeedst 


addr^ 


se eure' 


in sflre® 


BiAjM^e 


award 


ex p81 


ej8et 


pre jucfee 
dis band 


fore j&d^e 


re vSrt 


re ttlm 


dis miss 


un bind 


un tie 


dis charge 


re lease 


unnfirve 


weak' en 


dis «Io$e 


re veal 


eom mYx 


mln" gle , 


dis eourse 


eon vferse 


eelipse 


dark en 


7 disgtist 


dis plea$e 


ISn^ en 


dis mask 


un mask 


\m jo\ii\» 


«>^^Ksav^ 





TOWN'S SPEIXKB AND 


DEFINEB. 


471 

1 






SECTION VIII. 


I 






— Ycrbfl 




,.— Word»< 






8' 


re mSm' 


stay 


bSld 


bash' fill : 




je 


divftrt 


please 


sweet 


bitter | 




ire« 


ob tain 


gatn 


t5p 


bottom 1 




pt 


re ceiVe 


take 


lend 


bor rotr j 




me 


bent 


satt 


etraight 


er99k ed 




eal 


se erete 


hide 


«leaii 


dtrt y 
«arfy 




Rmn 


de 8pi$e 


se5m 


late 




y 


en tice 


lure 


«dd 


e v«n 




Jbe 


diT&t 


strip 


mUe 


fe male 




ose 


ex pire 


die 


pist 


fat thre*^ 




}t 


for befir 


cease 


fttet'- 


fletion'* 




% 


appftU 


daunt 


li^*t 


heavy 




ew2* 


avoid 


shfin 


iorth 


heav en 




erge 


im mirs^ 


plun^^ 


stlfr 


limber 




be 


eom posse 


write 


few» 


ma ny® 




» 


re qu68t^ 


ask 


r«8t 


mo tion 




pire' 
ike 


ex ude'^ 


swSot 


mean 


ncT bltf 




re prove 


chide 


se&roe 


plSn ty 




b 


selSet 


choose 


gl8d 
deep 


sor TV 
shal W 




ey 


in speet 


• view® 




i8t 


exist 


Wye 


sSuit 


sin ner 




(umft 


sub mit 


yield 


totigh* 


ten der 




ry 


espy 


see 


▼ice 


Vtrt VLB^ 




et 


por tray 


paint 


mSn 


wom an 




5t 


dis trSss 


grieve 


end 


begin' 




lant 


be witeh 


charm 


rdde 


civ'il 




eribe 


eon sent 


sT^ 


kind 


erdel 




le 


flatfter 


eoax 


sound 


r5t t^ 




iSnd 


f S vor 


serv^ 


fire 


wft ter 




QQiand 


order 


bM 


hni 


vM ley 




. €rTbe €5p y 


wnte 


whdie 


broken 




' 


chal leng^ 


dg.re 


cheap 


eSatly 




yoT 


shel ter 


Kdge 


dSad 


a live' 




J 


ex at' 


boost 


now 


nSv' er I 


k. 


tice 


perfdrm 


do 


^ve 


T^ ^w^^ '\ 





48 


TOWN'S SPELLER AND 


DEFINES. 












j^ji^Qlpo r^ 1 




'^exhftMSt' 


6mp' ty 


drfiin 


bunn 


hi 




& tigue 


wea ry 
iMiet fire*® 


tire 


crout 


W 




im bue 


titnge 


AougK 


bi 




im brde 


mois^ en 


steep 


flSsh 


hi 




pur sue 


f M low 


chase 


rai 


C£ 




re late 


narrate 


m 


loaf 


CI 




blfifi^ter 


swag ger 


boost 


m)ish 


cl 




brandish 


flourish 


wave 


samp 


di 




drab ble 


drag gle 


trail. 


souse 


fl£ 




fSster 


cher ish 


nftrse 


Articles 


g^ 




floiir ish 


prSs per 


thrive 


iforn. 


m 




injure 


dfim age 


harm 


v6st 


m 




jab ber 


chat ter 


prate 


stock 


P^ 




jin^gle 
rbrate 


tinkle 


clink 


mitts 


Pl 




baLance 


poi$e 


hat 


P^ 




lo eate 


sta &oxP 


place 


boots 


pa 




stilly 


tar nish 


soil *- 


shoes 


V€ 




thr8l/ t\e 


strftn" gle 
haz' ard 


choke 


Varieties of 




vent flre^ 


risk 


trout 


dC 




€ar ol 


wftr ble 


sing 


bream 


do 




frus-trate 


de feat' 

Noons. 


foil 


pike 
bass 


bt 

gr 




bSd'ice 


eor' set 


stays 


dace 


g^ 




ban ner 


stream er 


flag 


carp 


la 




«argQ 


lad ing 


frgi^At 


chub 


mi 




carbon 


char coal 


coal 


cod 


P^ 




chfip let 
ehol er 


garland 


i^^reath 


eel 


^ 




iUi" ger 


««;rath 


ttng 


P^ 




dan dy 


^ox' eomJ 


f«p 
risk 


pSrch 


P^ 




danger 


peril 


pout 


8U 




duty 


s5n net 


sdng 


roach 


se 




dis triet 


re gion^ 


tract 


ra^ 


s« 




to per 


drfink ard 


sot 


shark 


tfi 




pr5d u€t 


effgets' 


frfiit 


whale*^ 


tu 


- 


€om merce 


traffic 


trade 


white 


tu 


1 pro ceeds! 


in come 


T%Ut 


«a3L^\t» 


vvl 



TOWN'S SPEIXEB AMD OEFINEB. 



49 



-NOOM.- 



ber$ 
ibol 
dness 
del 

'T(3fW 

nbol 
ih er$ 
rbor 
nner 
.mmon 

wiej 
tline 
rsons 
ppet 



ctn' den 
em blem 
fa vor 
b&Q dl« 
chan nel 
&ol ie 
ick er$ 



Setter 

>je€t 

Pfrage 

i\e 

gin 

ard 

€ree 
vice 
rSets 
tel 

e' lock 
-Sfctltf 
5c ess 
tent 
vor 
J take' 



a v^u 
mSth od 
rich e$ 
mal let 
spe ch^ 
€on tour^ 
pea' pU 
mSm met 
mal lae 
8€ouQ drel 



6oal$ 

type 

grace 

pSck 

groove 

prSnk 

folds 

port 

mode 

ir&ilth 

mall 

efish 

sketoh 

fofl^S 

d«l 

spite 

Aiiave 



br&it 
erane 
erou^ 
dftfcf 
xdov^ 
d&ck 
drake 
finch 
goose 

gaii 

gronstf 

hSn 

hftwk^ 



iS 



te. 
lark 
loon 



btt/tem 
bus tard 
buisard 
€on dor 
€Qckoo 
elil ver 
chick en 
fftJeon 
g&n der 
goiling 
how let 
h&m bird 
kill deer 
lin net 
mar tin 
m&gpis 
89 trich 



phftn' tom** 
top ie 
ballot 
gdsrip 
ma^ en 
vft or 
blem ish 
pAr pose 
e diet 
prSj eet 
chat tel$ 
tav em 
mus ket 
wind pipe 
meth od 
to ken 
dor 
grror 
pre tSnsef 



gAost 


owl 


theme 


qu5tl« 


vote 


r99k 


prate 


snipe 


maid 


Bt5rk 


mask 


8W9n 


fftUlt 


thrtish 


plSn 


ti^ren 


huf 


So'gle 


scheme 


emra 


g99d$ 


h8r<m 


tan 


ibis 


gun 


I^rot 


throat 


ravm 


eourse 


riSbin 


shoK' 


iSal 


taste 


^m 



fl^lt 
sho^ 



geese 
UV7 



pig' eon® 
phea$ ant^ 
raddock 
spar rocif 
star ling 
tflr key 
vtilt flre^ 
widgeon** 
man a kin 
peliean 
eana'ry 
sw^r lotr 
amw bird 
ma €f^ti/ 
p^ci eock 
m&l lard 
ttskin 
partridge ^ 



60 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 



'dai'oet 
frae ttous^ 
gallant 
Btti dy 
squ^l id® 
swftrihy 
siift tie 
sport ive 
yftpid 
ygr dant 
vtvid 
ftus tere' 
be ni^ 
de mare 
in firm 
8u pSrb 



~A4)eottve8. 

ISy CWUS^ 



snap 
valiaiit?^ 
hardy 
filthy. 

eraft V 
plSyftl 
taste less 
vi rent 
live 1; 

gra ctous' 
sober 
feeble 
shou^y 



sweet 
erdss 
brave 



vely 
feid 



[67 til 



X 



foul 

dark 

sly 

gay 

stale 

green 

bri^At 

st6m 

kind 

grave 

weak 

gr8nd 



Weapons 

b}ai$ 

darts 
dirks 
gttns 



spear$ 
stc^ords 

StntesoT 
Water. 

ratn 

ha»l 

snofi^ 

ice 

frdst 

dew2» 

mist 



of War. 

bn'bo 
eat lass 
ear bine 
eSn non 
dag ger 
hal herd 
m5r tar 
mtis ket 
pis tol 
pon iard® 
rifle 
sa ber 
fiiiee' 
spon toon 
fire' lock 
fir^i^irmi 



SECTION IX. 

COUFLETS OF WOBDd UNUKB Ut PBONUKCIATION AlVD MbANXNG. 



I 



Ae cfipT', to receive with favor. 
Ex ofiPT, to leave oat. 

A« c%bb', a near a]>pn>ach. 

Ex oftBS, improper mdalgence. 
Af vter', to operate upon. 
Ef Ffi€T, result ; influence. 

A loud', loudlv ; audibly. 

AllowjvDi suneredtopass. [of. 
Ap prIjsb', to estimate the value 
Ap PRif b, to inform ; make known. 

1b' rakt, Teiy bad; wicked. 

Ab band, the businessof one sent 

£r bant, wandering ; wild. 
BIb'on, a title of nobility. 
BIbbbn, unfruitful; sterile. 

€Ib' bot, a vegetable. 

€Ib at, a weight of four grains. 
€1.8t'bb, a small wheel 
€)Is tob, a beaver. 

CfiNs' BB, a vase for incense. 

Ci^ SOB, one who censures. 
'Vm cSabe', a departure from life. 
Dim BJMB, sickness; disorder. 



Db 8c£nt', a coming down ; liue 
DissfiNT, to differ in opinion, [ags 

Db s^bt', merit ; worth. 

Deb sAbt, a service of IhiitB. 
Dx'ybbs, sevend; sundry. 
Di T^RSis, different ; unlike. 

E Mfisdis', to rise out of. 

Ix utw^E, to plunge into. 
FdL'LOFF, to go or come after, [ed^ 
FIl' low, land plowed but not sov^ 

FfiLL'EB, one who cuts dowd 

FfiL LOW, an associate, [treei. 
F!sh' eb, one who catdies fish. ^ 
Ks stw^^, a cleft; a chasm. 

Gen' ius^, a peculiar native gifti 

Ge nus, a group of species. 
Qla' zi£b^, one who sets glass. 
Gla oj£b, ice-field of the Alps. 

HdL' LOW, empty; a low pkes. 
* HIl LOW, to keep sacred. 
!' DLf, not employed; laiy. 
i DOL, an ima^ to be worshiped. 
\liyTL, ik«\ion\iu^At«\.Ys«c^« 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 51 


ff 


SECTION X. 


Sneeiti of PUnte. 


50 


prCv' erb 


say ing 


baj/ tram 


Ae 


gew gfi/uP 


trifle 


be hen 


er 


ttp pier 


drtnk er 


bSn net 


tance 


bod y 


matter 


bul rush 


er 


eush ion^ 


pllotv 


bir dock 


sind 


b&n dit 


rob ber 


bur net 


)m 


prae iice 


u$age« 


efib ba^ 
€as »ia®^ 


epg 


pin cer$ 
8ffal 


nip per$ 


age 


refuse 


eat tail 


lit 


hea then 


pagan 


eat nip 


»ab 


ta mult 


ttp roar 


€ow iteh 


ent 


niness 


sick ness 


€ow slip 


I 


stu dent 


sehol ar 


eolts fo9t 


le 


pltin der 


pil lage 


€5ck \e 


3h^ 


cherub 


angel 


eum in 


r 


piLr port* 


mean ing 


eom frey 


' dom 


Slav' er y 


bSnd' age 


dafsy 


5X 


Sddy 


wUrl pooF 


Kn nel 


M 


at t^y 


8n set 


{garlic 


'r$ 


«on cem$ 


bus t ness^^ 


^n seng 


ist 


€om mand 


man date 


hys sop 


ons^ 


reply 


an sw^er 


1 vy 
kaU 


»rd 


coV ard 


pol troon' 


say 


ru mor 


re port 


Kntil 


y 


at tSmpi/ 


trtal 


let tucei7 




j^ectlvefl. 




lov age 


y 


€raftfy 


€fin' ning 


li ehen 


jr 


ar dent 


iam est 


m&d der 


)OUS 


€5n vex 


round ing 


mal lot£^ 


J 


sylvan 


woody 


man drake 


my 


vis eous 


sttck y 


mil let 


id, 


lu rid 


gloom y 


«ar rot 


le 


ftxed® 


stSad y 


mul len 


ty 


sp&r ing 


narrow 


mus tard [ 


^7 


€ioud y 


ob 8£utc! 


^"^K^ 



52 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINED 



diimp' ish 
m5r tal 
noi some 
pa geant 
rSck less 
sen ior^ 
sSr rate 
som ber 
tftw dry 
tu mid 
afar' 
ur bane 
er^p' tie 
frou zj 
lout ish 
se eret 
way ward 



-Abject! ves.- 



8td' pid 
d6ad ly 
nox ions^ 
pomp 0U8 
hee" 



,eo 



ader 
jagged 
dusk y 
gft^«dy 
tHr gid 
re mote' 
po lite 
oe e&lt 
mus' ty 
clown ish 
pri vate 
. fro ward 



sleep' y 
fatal 
hftrt fill 
8h6t£; y 
<B&re less 
old er 
nS^cb ed 
gloom y 
show? y 
swoll en 
d!s tant 
gen teel' 
hid' den 
fetid 
elum $y 
un seen' 
per vftrse 



Tree and its Fruit 

chSr' ry 
ches^ nut 
cit ron 
HI mdnd 
&p pie 
lem on 
man" go 
or ange 
wftUniit 
eSf-fee 
8Uve 
papRi^ 
gua' va*" 

Trees, 
ma' pltf 
myr tie 
fil oe 



>lSS 



I 



ab $«lve/ 


ae quit*® 


dis charge 


ab stain *" 


re fraia 


for bear 


ae quaint® 


ap pri$e 


in f5rm 


ae €ord 


as sSnt 


agree 


assSrt 


a v6r 


af firm 


be guile 


de Ittde 


de c6ire 


€0 ferce 


eon strain 


eom pgl 


confute 


re fute 


dis prBve 


com mune 


eon vferse 


dis eSurse 


de f 6r 


de% 


post pone 


en treat 


be seech 


im plore 


en hance 


ftug mSnt 


m ereose 


ex ceed 


ex eel 


sur pass 


in v8nt 


eon trive 


de vi$e 


mam tain 


sup port 


sus tain 


pro rogwe 


pro trftet 


pro 18ng 


re cede 


re treat 


with draw 


re store 


re tflm 


xe ipVacft 



u' pas^ 
BtMdle 
as pen 
ban yan 
earn phor** 
ce dar 
cypress 
f lis tie 
hem lock 
Iftu rel 
lin den 
pop lar 
man" grore 
ar' bute 
p8ck wpod 
eam wood 
dog wood 
log wood 



i 



N 



TOWN'S SPFXLEB AND DEFINEB. 53 | 




Ycrlm 




Species of PUnU. 

6n' ion® 


por tSnd' 


pre sage' 


fore Ahou/ 


re nounc« 


di$ ou^n 


dis claim 


pars nep 


bSck' bite 


de fame 


sian' der 


pars ley j 


con vfiy' 


trans port 


carry 


ptimp kin 


de prave 


cor rupt 


vi" ti ate 


plant ain j 


dis tftrb 


mo lest 


troW le 


rad ish 


ex hort 


ad vi$e 


coun sel 


sal ad 


ex pftnd 


dis tSnd 


di late' 


scall ion® 


ex pound 


ex plain 


un fold 


sor rel 


en sue 


sue ceed 


m' low 


tansy 


im pede 


re tard 


hin der 


tea sel 


in tSnd 


de 81^ 


pur pose 


thts tie 


pre diet 


fore tSll 


fore sho«^ 


tu lip 


bick' er 


jSn" gle 


wrSn" gle 


tiir nip 


bab bU 


pratf t\e 


prate 


rAa barb 


eram pie 


rum pie 


wrlnk! le 


mSl on 


fur bish 


burn ish 


pol ish 


bam boo' 


' gtttr ter 


gtts' ten 


spark' le 


Dogn. 


n^rt ure*> 


nour ish 


chSr ish 


bar bet 


shuck ]e 


hop pie 


fet ter 


ban dog 


dan die 


earSss' 


fon die 


bea gle 


grum bk 


eom plam 


mtlr mur 


mas tiff 


ig mte' 


in flame 


Mn die 


puppy 


8f' for 


pre $Snt 


pro po$e' 
ntim' ber 


span iel® 


rSck on 


com pute 


Shrabs. 


sol ace 


con sole 


com fort 


ar der 


res pite 


sus p^nd 


de lay 


bri er 


a laiTn' 


start' le 


frlffM en 


ha zel 


aCfltet 


dis trSss' 


troiib le 


hSn bano 


em broil 


in volve 


dis trScfc' 


Trees. 


trans Set 


per form 


man' age 


rSd'-oak 


un brace 


relax 


slack en 


ITve-oak 


sCe' ond 


sup port 


pro mote' 


biack-oak 


vrgr rant 


se cure 


in sure® 


white-oak*® 


n perfect 


flfn'ish 


com plete 


yfW low 


1 0/> /?il^i2' 


op po$e' 


at laet 


^W4l ^^0«v \ 



\ 



54 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



ION XI. 



^ ran 

blink' ing 
chat ting 
«r99k ing 
€&nt ing 
drag ging 
drub bing 
deal ing 
ford ing 
f u$ ing 
fling ing 
grub bing 
gull ing 
hazl ing 
hoist ing 
heal ing 
harm ing 
jadJPg 



SECT 

-Particfpltt. ^ 

ing wink' ing 
tftZk ing 
bending 
toss mg 
iiX^w ing 
beat ing 
trSd ing 
wad ing 
smSlt ing 
east ing 



^ Participles. ^ 

bids' som ing bloe^/ ing 

ea per ing skip ping 

c6n siir in^ blSm ing 

eol or ing dje ing 



eol or ing 
f S,m ish ing 
hee tor ing 
la bor ing 
num ber ing 



stary ing 
vSx ing 
toil ing 
€Ount ing 



dig ging 
trick ing 
call ing 
ra2$ ing 
eur ing 
hurt ing 
tir ing 



pur chas ing btey ing 
pliin dcr mg rSb bing 
pil fer ins stSal ing 



pil fer ing 
red dm ing 
riv et ing 
sev er ing 
tow er ing 
trfiv ers ing 
w^n der ing 



bliish ing 
clinch ing 
part ing 
soar ing 
crSss ing 
rov ing 



shtLn' ning 
atd ing 
glv ing 
smt ing 
tr^ist ing 
spread ing 
pay ing 
reach ing 
prov ing 
do ing 
hold ing 
rSst ing 
greet ing 
lean ing 
w^ch ing 
tlr ing 
hid ing 
chid ing 



loan' ing 
la?^d ing 
l^h ing 
leap ing 
push ing 
pil ing 
play ing 
quit ting 
shut ting 
slay ing 
tSst ing 
*^y ing 

veer ing 
vend ing 
wait ing 
win ning 
wind ing 
J, w^rp ing 
I I staring 



ISnd' ing 
prae$ ing 
whip ping 
jump mg 
tirg ing 
heap ing 
sport ing 
leav ing 
elo$ ing 
kill ing 
try ing 
bind ing 
chang ing 
sSll ing 
sta^ ing 
gain ing 
turn ing 
twist ing 
gazing 



a void' ing 
as sist ing 
be st02(y ing 
be fit ting 
con fid ing 
dif fa$ ing 
de fray ing 
ex tSnd ing 
e vine ing 
per f 5rm ing 
re tain ing 
re po$ ing 
sa lilt ing 
in din ing 
way lay ing 
wea ry ing 
se cret' ing 
re buk ing 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINES. 



66 



SECTION XII. 



bnef ly 
blSnkly 
elean \y 
bare ly 
cheer ly 
duly 
. faint ly 
frSnk ly 
firm ly 
fleet ly 
fr&hly 
gent ly 
glib ly 
g99dly 
grossly 



-Adyertw^ 



fJt/ly 
8h5rt ly 
pale ly 
nice ly 
mere ly 
live ly 
fttly 
fee bly 
free ly 
strdng ly 
swifk ly 
new ly^ 
sSftly 
smooth ly 
edm^ ly 
eoarse ly 



-AdTertM.- 



bSsh' ful ly 
drear i ly 
dYs tant ly 
fa tal ly 
fflthily 
f 5r ward ly 
grSte ful ly 
^b ing ly 
hftp pi ly 
hBXkd som^ ly 
harm liil ly 
h^arfc i ly 
heed f]il ly 
ho li ly 
^ Ittv ish ly 
le gal ly 



wM est ly 
gloom i ly 
re m^te' ly 
mSr' tal ly 
dtrtily 
ea ger ly 
fKa$ ant ly 
seom ful ly 
liick i ly 
grace ful ly 
htirtfiil'ly 
sin c6re' ly 
€&re' ful ly 
pi 0U8 ly 
waste ful ly 
\f^w fijl iy 



graffly 

gSyly 
lof£^ ly 
mild ly 
platn ly 
partly 
pl&mp ly 
poorly 
ri^At ly 
sagely 
sharp ly 
slSok ly 
seant ly 
snng ly 
st6m ly 
strifet ly 
vast Iv 
base iy 
gueer J/® 



r^figU ly^ 
fine ly 
meek ly 
ea^m ly 
elear ly 
smart ly 
round ly 
mean ly 
jiist ly 
wT$e ly 
keen ly 
loose ly 
seftrce ly 
safe ly 
harsh ly 
eloee ly 
great ly 
vile ly 
dddly 



prfi' dent ly 
play ful ly 
pgn siv« ly • 
peace ful ly 
pee vish ly 
pSr feet ly 
per vftrs^ ly 
po lite ly 
pre cise ly 
pr? vate ly 
sliig ^sh iy 
sin ful 1 V 
seant i ly 
Urn id ly 
tac it ly 
verily 
vi" cious ly 
de cent ly 
stln g\ \y 



dis ereef ly 
sportf iv« ly 
so ber ly 
qui et ly® 
frSt f]il ly 
eom plete' ly 
stub' bom ly 
gen teeV ly 
ex Set ly 
Be' eret ly 
la zi ly 
wYck ed ly 
nar row ly 
eow ard ly 
81 lent ly 
cfer tain ly 
eor rtipt' ly 
pr5p' er ly 



66 



TOWN'S SPELLEB AND DEFINEB. 



-NooBf.- 



SECTION XIII. 

Nouns.— 



J^VX ti tude 
bev er age 
€an ti eltf 
cal u met*^ 
eon di ment 
era ni um 
crii ci fix 
dSs tiny 
dom i cik 
ftrm a ment 
fftrbelowr 
fotiage 
gSm i ni 
eon fi denctf 
id iot 
in te ger 



heighk af f Se' tion^ 
drTnk &rm' is tic« 
bra va' do 
cae $u ra 
eol K$ ton* 



pipe 

Bftuce 

skftU 

erdfis 

f&te 

hooM 

sky 

flounce 

leaves 

twYn$ 

trust 

fool 

«;hole 



eon eus sion*^ 
eon vfer sion^ 
eon tu $ion®^ 
eom ptd sion 
de cep tion 
di ree tion 
H^ a ture 
mo nSs' tie 
bei flanctf 
raiWon 
pa vtl ion® 



love 

trfice 

brag 

pftM$e 

elfish 

shock 

chSnge 

brfii$e 

force 

cheat 

eourse 

b&nd 

monk 

bow 



tSnt 



Qiudraped«i. 

ape 

he&c 

b&ck 

eow 

ea2f 

e^t 

deer 

d8g 

81k 

f^tcm 

goat 

hart 

h«g 

horse 

hind 

hound 



i 



ISy ce ny 
lS.t i tude 
Ion gi tude 
mae u la^ 
moi e ty 
8r igin 
or i $on 
pSr a gram 
pir qui $it«^ 
p&r ent age 
rSm e dy 
ret i nue 
sus te nance 
sui/ cm" gle 
seS' ri a 
pa geant ry 
bap \iXd ard 
man da mus 
per eSa aion*^ 



thSft 

breadth 

length 

spot 

haZf 

source 

pr&y er 

pfin 

fee 

btrth 

euro 

tram 

food 

gtrth 

drdss 

show 

chance 

writ 

stroke 



po ta' tion^ 
e&t/ a logi^ 
no ble man 
tSst a ment 
tir ma gant 
vSs ti bule 

AdJeoUTfs. 

b? na ry 
seiir ril ous 
sin is ter 
sor rott^ f]d 
stm i lar 
in fSr' tile 
pro dlTg ious*' 
un eom mon 
pre' ter it 
im po lite' 
u8e tar ous 
a c^ to\x^ 



draught*^ 

Ust 

peer 

will 

seSd 

porch 

tte^o 

vile 

bfid 

sad 

like 

b&re 

huge 

r&re 

past 

rfide 

sweet 



m&re 

mule 

moose 

Bx 

roe 

swine 

shote 



stag 

steer 

W9lf 

whflp^ 

lami 

kid 

Pg 
fox 

nag 

eub 

«4r 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 



01 



-V«rb«.. 



€5in' pro mit plSrfgg ^ cW a trize heal cure 

€oun ter fdt forge fab ric ate frame bj/Hd 

1 1 SI e vate m$e flag el late scourge lash 

! heb e tate blunt ger mi nate sprout bud 

I jae u late^ dart pSl pi tate thrSb beat 

lac er ate t«4r tor re fj parch dry 

nav i gate sail dis «6l' or ttnge stam 

nom i nate name in hSb it dwell live 

ob li gate bind re lin quishj leave quit® 

in to nate sound vSgf e tate sprout grdt(7 

pen 6 trate peerce sae ri fice^ slay kill 

pu ri fy €l&an$« des pu mate frSth foam 

rii mi nate mu$e en «um' ber load clQg 

slg ni fy mean ad vent fire^ dare risk 

term in ate Snd ^ in eurv ate bSnd €ro9k 

tu me fy swell ^s0^' ^ ^^^ ^^^ plague 

uri du late wave T) ver stSck' fill crowd 



de m5n' strate 
dis eom fit 
en &m or 
ex hib it 
ex tin" guish^ 

Iun der stand' 
im por tune 
■ gas con ade 
o ver cast 
o ver pass 
o ver take 
un der mine 
"sefii/ i fy 
sur r6n' der 
sat^ u rate^ 
cor us cate 
pu tre fy 
con trtrb' ute 
de nud ate 



prove 

rout 

charm 

shofc^ 

quSnch® 

know 

tirge 

boast 

cloud 

cr8ss 

cfiich 

sap 

scrateh 

yield 

fill 

flash 

rot 

give 

strip 



-Nouns.- 



grav' i ty wgi^At 
log ger head dolt 
mer chan di$e goods 
sSp ul cher grave 
spec ta de show 
in ct$' ton^ gSsh 
miig' ni tudd bulk 
sig na ture sT(7n 

AOJwtives. 



ex pttc' it 
in trep id 
la con ic 
prW ci pal 
sa pi ent 
met tie some 
val or ons 
vig or ous 
virt u OM^^ 



clear 

brave 

brief 

mam 

sage 

brfek 

brave 

strong 

gaol 



hSft 

dunce 

wS,re$ 

tomft 

sT^At 

cut 

size 

mark 

plain 

bold 

short 

chief 

wi$e 

bold 
stout 



\ 





58^ 


TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 






SECTION XIV. 






K'*"''- 


] 






■- an' nal$ 


ehrSn' i ele$ 


ba' sis 


foun da' tion' 




al ien® 


for eign er 


eha 03 


eon fu $ion^^ 




bo nu8 


pre mi um 


e5n cert 


a gree ment 




€Sp tive 


prft on er 


dis eount 


de due tion 




cen sua 


num ber ing 


ex it 


de part firc^ 




chi na 


p5r ce lain 


her aid 


pro elatm er 




€lois ter 


nun ner y 


ju rist 


ci vfl ian® 




chSp man 


mark et man 


ni ter 


sftlt pe ter 




de$ ert 


\r([ der ness 


nm saqce 


an noy ance 




gar ner 


gran a ry 


pa tron 


sup port er 




gSn trj 


^en tie men 


pr3c ^ss- 


pro ceed ings 




horn age 


rev er ence 


sSe tion^ 


di vi$ ion^ 




jus tlce 


eq ui tyS 


trai tor 


be tray er 




in quest® 


in qu? ry 


pt;^ro 


be gin ner 




nun cio ^ 


mgs'^sen ger 


i^ tion 


a noint ing 




out rage 


VI lence 


Wr sion"*^ " 


• trans la tion 




mW liflF 


d? a phra<7m^ 


be quSst'® 
de sp&ir 


16^ a cy 




par son 


elSr gy man 


hope less nes 




pSa$ ant 


eo&n try man 


ga z^tte 


news pa per^ 




pil grim 


trav el er 


gran dee 


no ble man 




port er 


ear ri er 


fa tigue 


wea ri neas 




pr5x y 


sub sti tute 


AdjectlTM. 




quain turn® 


qu^n ti ty 


e8n' trite 


p6n' i tent 




sam pl^ 


spSc i men 


do cile 


teach a ble 




sur plus 


ver plus 


duly 


)r8p er ly 




vte tor 


eOa quer or^^ 


fi nite 


im it ed 




va grant 


vag a bond 


youth ful 


ju vo nile 




vYgor 


en er gy 


di vSrse' 


different 




wiz ard 


eon jur er 


disjfinet 


sep a rate 




mad ness 


dis trSe' tion"^ 


gro tesqiie^' 


lu di erooB 




mo tive 


in duce ment 


un safe 


hSz ard oxsA 




dis like' 


a ver sion^^ 


e&t'ly 


ex pSn' 8iv6 




de f 6ns« 


pro tSe tion 


harm less 


in nox tons® 




neg le€t 


mis sion^ 


akW 


re lat ed 


Il farm' er 


hfi$' band man 


ab atrOse 

i 


dtf fi €uU 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



69 



bent ^"poV er fj}! 
pltt i less 
sev er al 
mo tion less^ 
de strttct/ 'we 
un chang ing 
in sSlv ent 
be edm ing 

un BW4^ 

di$ ea$ei 
el.llp'tie 
di gest ive 
ap pri$ed' 
de served 
de diie' tioa, . 
€om po$«i' \.'^ 
dSs' ti tuto 



% 



-YertM.. 



dry 
; nant 

iiy 

slant 
k rupt 
;ent 
lot(^ 
bid 

a 

tie 

are' 

di^ 

)ate 

late 

roid 



c eou ter 
be wH der 
eon sum mate 
de tir mine 
en eom pass 
en v^ op 
ex pS ti ate^ 
re eov er 
Sr' ro gate 
ag i tate 
ai ien ate* 
eSL eu late 
eul ti vate 
erim i nate 
ded i eate. 
det nate 
der o gate 



e qutp*® 
eon f u$e 
pftr' feet 
de cid^ 
SOT round 
in tPT^p 
en large 
re gain 
as sume 
dis tUrb 
es trange 
eom pute 
im prove 
ae eu$e 
de vote 
ex plode 
de tHtet 



-VertM^ 



aze' as t^n' ish 

'ange dis 5r der 

me en li^At en 

size' o ver t&m' 

seize dis pos sSss 

Ach dis en gage 

peet ex Sm' ine 

3end ver hSn^ 

vatl o ver eome 

vert ver throes 

eue de IV er 

uTte'® rSe' om pense 

root ex ttr' pate 

■Jch ISr' til ize 

wit o ver reach' 

fer dis a gree 

der sSp' a rate 

al em u late^ 



gd' u eate^ 
ex pi ate 
ex pli eate 
grat i fy 
it er ate 
mys ti fy 
mit i gate 
mul ti ply 
mag ni fy 
man ci pate 
5r na ment 
pSc i fy 
glo ri fy 
t51 er ate 
ree ti fy 
ter ri fy 
un der take' 
re eftpf flre^ 
hat' mo ik\z!^ 



in striiei/ 
a tone 
unfold 
in dfilge 
re peat 
ob seure 
as suage^ 
in ereose 
en large 
en slave 
a d5m 
ap pease 
extSl 
allow 
eor rSet 
MffM en 
en gage' 
re take 



^ 





60 TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 








F 






prdph' e sy^ 


predletf 


ar ea' na J bS erets 


/ 


ratify 


eon firm 


ap pSr el ^ 


eloth ing 




ren o ?ate 


re new^ 


a sylum 


refuge 


• 


vilify 
vindieate 


defame 


a vul sion^ 


rend ing 




de f Snd 


Aurora 


mom ing 




Utereate 


wr&a" gle 


a.bun dance 


plgn ty 




expedite 


hast en 


al 11 ance 


uni6i4S 




eateehise 


quSst ionS 


eom bfis tion® 


bnm ing 




eom pli ment 


flatter 


eom mo tion^ 


tu mult 




eoQse erate 


halloti? 


eog nf tifon 


ku^l ec^e 




eornigate 


wrink le 


de cerp' ticm 


pluck ing 
feam er 




fulminate 


thun der 


dis cl pie 




guSr an ty 


w^r rant 


effulgence 


brl^At ness 




ir ri gate 


wft ter 


e nig ma 


rifddle 




in du rate 


hard en 


e pis de 


letter 




mad e fy 


moisten 


erratum 


error 




mol U fy 


sSftm 


et 6r tion 


effort 




8^' til late 


spark' le 


ex ciir' sion™ 


r^m' bling 




e Idn'' gate 


lengthen 


in snr gent 


reb el 




en rSpt/ iire^ 


transport/ 


mo nl" tion 


warning 




im ag ine 


fan'cy 


per mis' sion® 


li cense 




ap per tain' 
€8n tro vert 


belSn^ 


phy si" cian^ 


d5c tor 




dis pute 


quin tes' sence® 


es sence 




eo a Vi3ce! 


unite^ 


sa 11 va 


spit tie 




cir eum vent 


de cetve 


sue c& sion*^ 


8erie$ 




ef fer vesce 


fer mSnt 


su da tion'*^ 


swSat ing 




in ter diet 


for bid 


vo ir tton 


will ing 




per se vere 


per sist 


bag a VSiy 


trifle 




rep re hSnd 


re prove 


ftp' er ture 


pen ing 




ad ver tl$e 


pub' lish 


lev i ty 


li^At ness 




dis appear 


van ish 


mag ni tude 


great ness 




eoun ter vatl 


bal ance 


mut ter er 


grtim bier 




ver poi$e 


out wfii^/t 


rab id ness 


mad ness 




eon dSn' sate 


eom prSss 
sprlnk' le 


qui et ness® 


ea/m ness 




be spat ter 


ma ture' ness 


ripe ness 


h iraDa£g&re^ 


trans form' 


IS^ a cy 


be qu&t'® 
A 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



61 



•) ny 

:e past 

ep sy 

ti i te€t 

ir i ty 

um ny 
ti lage 
a pla$m 

r at ry 
e nant 
tody 
ri ment 

si dence 

a ry 

i &ce 

bas sy 



friSnd' ship 
an" guish* 
fore' taste 
blind ness 
bwild er 
8h5rt ness 
slSn der 
gris tie 
poiel tic« 
Ami^At ho^d 
eSn tract 
keep ing 
dSo) age 
dis eord 
jot^ nal 
buUd ing 
mes sage 



yfa?/ ci ty 
p5p u lace^ 
prSs e lyte 
plSn i tude 
pu gil ist 
rftu ci ty 
rSg i pnen 
re^is ter 
re$ er voir*^ 
rii br go 
sa' pi euce 
s6l 1 tude 
spec i men 
spec u lum^ 
sum ma ry 
tet anus 
fal la cy 



If OHM*- 



few* ness^ 
peo pie 
c8n vert 
full ness 
b5x er 
hoarse ness 
di et 
r6c ord 
cis tern 
mil dew** 
Yn$ dom 
lone ness 
s&m pie 
mir ror 
ab stract 
lock jftw 
de ceiV 



tre pot'* 
a'ily 
.pery 

ber ish 

• mo ny 

I band ry 
3u bus 
er ty 
a a de 
Q di «ant 
i um 
i due 
ri ty 

• a mour 
' a di^ 
ca' tion'* 
•' a pet 

I ver' sion'^® 
t n ia ry** 



w&re' house 
house hold 
tri fle$ 
jar gon 
e5n cord 
till age 
ni^At m&re 
free doiflr 
Bh&;k le 
beg gar 
hS tred 
rSm nant 
dSan ness 
lov er 
m5d el 
call ing 
rSm part 
turn ing 
hSlp er 



bar' le qwin^^ 
m^ft dy 
a chteve' ment 
in tSn tion'^ 
im mSr sion^ 
re dSmp tion 
com pact ness 
trans gress or 
eon else ness 
pr5d' i gy 
kir i ness 



buffoon' 
di$ ea$e 
ex ploit 
de sign 
pian|[ ing 
ran som 
close ness 
stn ner 
brief ness 
won der 
gay ness 



AiUtedyet. 



&n' nu al 
ar ro gant 
ca pa ble 
cftr so ry 
dSc u ple**^ 
des pe rate 
plftu $i blc 



year' ly 
Hugh ty 
a ble 
has ty 
tSn fold 
hope less 



/ 



^ 



U2 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 



-AfUeotives.- 



du' bi oua 
du pli €ate 
dur a bk 
SI gant 
fin i cal 
fort u nate^ 
frtic tu ous 
hid e ous 
in do lent 
lu mi nc^us 
lu so ry 
mttx i mum 
dis giist' ful 
nCg' li gent 
o di c^us 
op por tuno' 
pCt^ulant^ 



doubt! fill 
dotLb \e 
last ing 
graceful 
f 5p pish 
luck y 
frflit ful 
fri^At fyl 
la zy 
shin ing 
playful 
great est 
loath somd 
heedless 
hate fjil 
time ly 
fr6t fid 



.^ A4JectiTes. 

^ de ft" cient 



pon der oua ysQight j/ 



ef ful' gent 
e las tie 
fa ce tw^us^ 
li qu& cent® 
qui es cent 
vi va ci?us^ 
&e' «u rate 
eourt e ous 
suffT'ctent 
tlln' ta mount 
prob a.b]^ 
qu^d TO pk 
qultn tu pie 
se ri ous 
so uS rous 
sumpt' u ous^ 
trip li eate 



vf^il mg 
sidn ing . 
sprfn^ y 
sport ive 
mSlt ing 
rest ing 
live ly 
ex Setf 
po lite 
e noiigh^ 
i'qual® 
like ly 
foz^r fold 
five fold 
sSl emn 
sound ing 
€dst ly 
three fold 



SECTIiyN^ XV. 
Couplets of Words unlike in Pronukciatiox akd Mbamino. 



L£v' EE, an asscmblj of visitors. 
L£v T, to impose and collect [tion. 

Lfiiiv' EV, that causes fermenta- 

E Lfiy' E^f ten with one added. 
Mar' tin, a kind of swallow. 
Mar ten, a kind of weasel. [ly. 

MfiD' DLJf, to take part offlcious- 

MfiD AL, piece of metal, stamped. 
M0s' TERfD, collected, as troops. 
Mt}8 tard, a plant and its seed. 

Qt' ter, an amphibioas animal. 

6t tar, the essence of roses. 
Pas' tor, the minister of a church. 
Past (^rb^o, grazing land, [goods. 

P£d' dls, to travel and retail 

P£d al, foo^ke7 of a piano, &c 
Pend' ant, a long narrow flag at 
P^ND bnt, hanging, [mast-head. 

PIl' lar, a supporting column. 

PIl LOir, a cushion for the head. 
; Pi' NY, abounding with pines. 
Ij Pe' o NY, a plant and flower. 



POm' lOE, a light, porons stone. 
P6x AGE, fruit crushed or groand. 

Pis' TIL, the pointal of a flower. 

Pis TOL, the smallest of fire-amu. 
PIt' i^d, had sympathy for. 
Pfx. TED, marked by the small-pox. 

PrI' er, one who pries. 

PrI or, before ; formerly. 
K£d' dish, somewhat red. 
RAd ish, an esculent plant [things. 

Kb cbjpt', direction for making 

R£o' I PB, a medical prescriptioD. I 
RfiL' i€, that which remains. ' 

RftL i€T, a widow. 

StXt' ub*<*, a carved image. 

StIt 6rb^, the height of a man. 
TXl' ents, natural abilities. 
TAl ONi, the claws of a bird. 

TfiN'oR, purport; part fai mnsia 

T&n' Orb^, a holding.asof lands. 
Trba'ti^i, compacts of nations. 



TOWN'S SPELLER . 


\ND DEFINEK. 68] 

i 




SECTION 


XVI. 










Kindfl of Cloth. 


Nig€' rate 


^ adorn' 


dgck 


^ baz' at i 


evL lo pze^ 


ext81 


praise 


bat ist i 


gor mand ize 


de vour 


g5rge 


ben gal' 


tn ti mate 


sugg&t 


htut 


b«n' ten i 


in sti gate 


in cite 


tirge 


blank et , 


lib er ate 


re lease 


free 


buck ram -, 


maeh i nate 


«on trive 


plan 


buflfin ; 


rid i €ule 


de ride 


mock 


eam brie 


stim u late^ 


ex cite 


rouse 


cam let ! 


€on j^t' iire^ 


sur mi$e 


gu^s 


ean vas ! 


in hib it 


re strain 


hW der 


ear pet 


eon de sc6nd' 


vouch safe 


dfii^rn 


€5t ton i 


dis em bark 


de bark 


land 


eOs sa$ 


un der go 


en dure 


befir 


dam ask 


dis s6v' er 


s8v' er 


part ' 


drug get 


nu' mer ate 


num ber 


eount 


duffel 


83' cil late 


vT brato 


swtng 


flan' nel 


pfer €0 late 


niter 


strain 


flor ence 


8uf fo eate 


stifle 


choke 


fus tian® 


ap pre hSnd' 


ar rSst' 


seize 


grog ram 


dis en gage 


de tach 


loose 


ging Aam 


o€ €b! $ion®^ 


pro duce 


eawse 


hoi land 


in h6r it 


pos s^ss 


Mir 


k6r $ey 


tr^' quil ize£ 


al lay 


eaZm 


Kn en 


pac i fy 


ap pea$e 


soothe 


lus tring 


dis n^ ilre^o 


im pfezr 


mar 


muslin 


W flu ence 


per suade* 


move 


sat in 


de vi ate 


w^n' der 


stray 


tabby 


dis si pate 


se&t ter 


waste 


vel vet 


in sti tute 


ap point' 
s8ff en 


fix 


bro eade' 


at tSm' per 


fit 


bSg' ging 


ver hSng' 


pro jSct' 


jut 


nan keen' 


de mSr ish 


de stroy 


raze 


broftd' eloth | 


ae qui ^scef^ 


as sSnt 


yield 


sheet ing | 


in ter mifc 


sus pend 


ceasft 


^%sk\s\?^ ^ 



^ 



64 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 



-Nouna.- 



ai/ bi ter 
€oun te nance 
fftls i ty 
pYn na e\e 
sen ti ncl 
a mu$e' ment 
i ta 
tm' pe tus 
pro ba' tion^^ 
qu? e tude® 
dis s5n' sion*^ 
ar ma da 
€on diieb or 
])S ten cy 
€iir ri cle 
€av i ty 
or di nance 



um' pire 
vi$ ago 
false h99d 
Slim mit 
sen try 
pas time 
ttt tie 
im pulse 
tri al 
re po$e' 

squ^ ron® 
lead er 
pow er 
cSr riage 
cav ern 
Stat ute^ 



jiirfge 

face 

lie 

t8p 

guard 

sport 

j8t 

force 

proof 

rSst 

strife 

fleet 

chief 

strength 

5ba2$e 

cave 

law 



Species of Plants. 

' a €an' thus 
ba ril la 
ci cu ta 
nar cTs sua 
po ta to 
to ma to 

to bS€ €0 

eSr' a way 
eel e ry 
cic e ly 
€ham o mile 
daffodil 
eg Ian tine 
hy a cinth 
hSl le bore 
jes sa mine 
in di ;;o 



5hev a her' 
ai' i ment 
art i fice 
teg 01 ment^ 
1 die ness 
Sp er ture 
im pie ment 
por ti €0 
sor cer ess 
ad van' tage 
me Sn der 
dis pr6f it 



8p' u lent*> 
im po tent 
re Y&e' tant 
-trans pfi.r ent 
I a^ thSn tie 
// repulsive 



h5rse' man 


inl^At 


ISv' en der 


nu tri ment 


food 


mar i gold 


strSt a gem 


trtck 


sa vor y 


€0v er mg 


€oat 


Trees. 


la zi ness 


sloth 


but/ ter nut 


pen ing 


hole 


but ton W99d 


u tSn' sil 


tool 


cm na mon 


p¥ Sz za 


porch 


eb ny 


en chant ress 


wtech 


hick ry 


bSn' e fit 


gain 


mul ber ry 


lab y rinth 


maze 


ev er green 


det ri ment 


Idss 


syc a more 


Adjectives. 




white-ce dar 


ar flu ent 


rfch 


rSd-ce dar 


im bo cile 


vreak 


r5ck-ma pie 


un wfll' ing 


loth ' 


s3ft-ma pie 


pel lu cid 


clear 


ba bab 


gSn' u ine*^ 


trfie 


ar bo ret 


for bW ding 


cold ^ 


ar bus cle 



TOWK^S 



AND BEFflf^ 



66 



D don 

nowl edge 
Ugh 

ru ci ate^ 
^r pret 
mdl gate 
ti gate 

u lafce« 
pli cate 
1 clde' 
pre Und 
tra diet 
itn' ish 



SECTION 
-Vvrht. 



XVII. 



"^as €ribe' 
de $ert 
€011 vene 
a vow 
ae duce 
tor mm 
ex plain 
pro mfilg^ 
chas tise 
€00 firm 
ad jtist 
en treat 
eon eflr 
in elude 
gam saj^ 
de crease 



im pute' 

for sake 

eon fess 
en tice 
t5rt' fire*** 
ex poond^ 
p^b' lish 
pun lab 
sane ticfn'^ 
ar range' 
im plore 
a gree 
eom prise 
de ny 
li^as' en 



ant 
bee 

bag 

flea 

mtte 

mi^th 

drone 

louse 

t!ek 

w6nn 

wasp 

breeKe 

bond 

dor 



>o' $6m 
6 k^n 

EL VOV 

3 bej 
jr l^ok 
;er est 
ron ize 

bar 0U3 
ter ous 

ri ble 

c J on 

ic i mate 

i mate 

jSs' tie 

eu lar 

e_Di?t^ ]€*« 



in close' 
fore sbott? 
di$ ourn 
re fu$e 
in 8p?^€t 
eon cSrn 
sup port 
in form 

Adjects vet. 

eru' el 
uoi $j 

p§«ce ful 
near est 
fi nal 
state Ij 
ro tfind' 
frW tic 
fool ish . 



Bur round' 
de note 
deny 
neg ISet 
re view^ 
engage 
fa' vor 
p^b liab 



brfi' taJ 

loud 

dire 

nlixt 

last 

gr^nd 

round 

mM 

^veak 



I 



gouge 
rake 
apade 
plow 
ehoar$ 
f^v! ger 
chT« el 
^lev is 
€oU er 
li^r TOW 
ham mer 
bafcb et 
* ha^y-Atiife 
pt^eh fork 
sick 1^ 
era dl^ 



rf 





66 TOJ|P!S% SPELLER ANE 


► DEFINEB. 




* 


. A-^ 


Nouns.-^^ 




Vessds. 


4 


* prSg- e riy / 


&fP spring ^ 


&' sue^^ 


bowl 




sal a ry 


sti pend 


wa ge$ 


batt 




sferv i tude' 


Slav er y 


b5nd age 


eask 




€on tSi/ tion^ 


tm^h ing 


twist ing 


€&n 




€ur miid geon® 


ntg gard 


mi $er 


€up 1 




en gray er 


seiilpt or 


^Srv er 


flask 




ex Sm plar 


pat tern 


m5d el 


jSr 




re $ein bianco 


sem blance 


like ness 


keg 




tai/ di ness 


late ness 


sloee^ ness 




in }&ne' tion 


pre cept 


€om mand' 


pazl 




hSm' i ly 


'"" dis «6urse 


sSr' mon 


pftn 




apt i tude •"' 


Sptf ness 


fft ness 


mug 




bound a ry 


pre cinet 


lim it 


tub 




^ stasy 


rftpt flre^ 


trans port 


tierce 




€lSan li ness 


neat ness 


pure ness 


«rfise 




ob tusrf ness 


bliint ness 


diill ness 


Am 




«on eiir rence 


a gree' ment 


as sSnt''«s^ 


vase 










Measimt* 




ea' ri ous 


pu' trid 


r5t' t«i 


»1 




cir «um spe^fc 
j56 u lai^ 


€ftW tious^ 


prft dent 


f90t 




jo eose' 


wfiggish 


Jnch 




jo vi al 


Ja'iy 


mer ry 


pole 




pSnd u lous^ 


hang ing 


»wmg mg 


r5d 




sen sfl aP 


€ar nal 


fleshly 


rood 




som no lent 


drow $y 


sleep y 


mile ^ 




prod i gal 


pro fuse' 


lav ish 


yard 
leagice 




ut ter most 


ex treme 


fur *hest 




vig i lant 


al^rt 


w^h ful 


Weights. 




in stp' id 


vftp' id 


taste less 


ounce ! 




in her ent 


in nate' 


In born 


pound 1 
drSm 




f e' €und 


pro Kf ie 
de vout' 


frflit ful 




re Kg' iouu^ 


pT ous 


gram 




elan des tine 


se' eret 


pri vate 


t&n 




W fi nite 


Snd less 


im mSns^ 


Beats. 




del i «ate 


dafn ty 


t6n' der 


stool 


jj different 


un like' 


d\a ^Vi^M 


bSnch 



TfWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



67 



SECTION XVIII. 



-A4Mives.- 



po $ite JMuiY a bl^ 
pa bl^ blam a ble 



dent 

o Ions 
wi nent 

tabk 

ma nent 

il ous 
e vant 
ibl6 

jn u ou8^ 
er ie al^ 

i tant 
sta' hU 
mor tal 
vice fill 



mSn i fast 
triv i al 
im pSnd' ing 
chan^ft' a bU 
dur a bl« 
dSn ^r 0U8 
pdr ti nent 
laugh a bl^ 
vtg or oxxs . 
glob u lar^ , 
fight ing 
in €5n' stant 
un dy ing 
in v8nt ive 



)^im plW it 
in ces sant 
pa thet ie 
prog nds tie 
vin die tiv^ 



4Je^ 



ivet^ 



im plied' 
un cead' ing 
af f Set ing 
fore shoM^ ing 
re v6ngtf fijl 



sftV Be quent® f 81' low ing 
trat tor ous treaoh er ous 



tSm per ate 
mer ci less 
5b so lete 
on er ous 
in fa nums 
e qua ble® 
in dul' ^nt 
ma t^r nal 
ra pa cfous^ 



mod er ate j 
hard heart' ed ' 
un u$ed^ I 
btr' den some I 
se&n dal ous 
u ni form^ 
hu mor ing 
moth er ly 
rSv en ous 



' bi ent 
pi ous 

so lute 
30 lent 
Lble 

\s per ous 
^r u lous^ 
thai/ tie 
I titn ^ent 
rus eant 
mil iar® 
lu ctal^ 
qua cioxxa 

trtf' tious 
r tent ova 
' is sant 
bSs' cent 

men dous 
wit 



sur round' injf^ 
a btin dant 
li cen twus*^ 
in suit ing 
ex po$ed' 
sue cSssi' f]il 
eom pliun ing 
pllr' ga tive 
e%$ u a]% 
glit ter ing 
in ti mate 
eon fi dent 
t^k a tive 
noiir ish ing 
om in ous 
pow er fill 
rSd den ing 
ter ri ble 
un Ifi/u/ fuh 



ob $Srv' ant 
er rSt ie 
in vee tive 
im pa tient^ 
il Ie gal 
dis trfist ful 
im mod est 
tn' tri eate 
pre e5' cious^ 
rSe' re ant 
in dis ereetf 
mai/ vel ous 
rig gard ly 
no tion aP 
mM die some 
mu ti nous 
om nW cient^* 
mi na cious^ 
me tVvM \e . 

> 



re gard' fill 
w^n' der ing 
a bu' sive 
un ea $y 
un \^w f]il 
8U3 pf otoos 
in de' cent 
en tSn" gted 
pre ma ture' 
eoV ard ly 
im prfi' dent 
won' der fill 
sor did ly 
f Sn ci ful 
of ff' ctous 
.se di" tious 
ftll-Anfiot^/ ing 
threat' en ingi 



\ 



68 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



-Noons.- 



aV er age 

bar ri er 

eal en dar 

€om i ty 

€0Q ti nence 

€ol lo quy® 

den i zen 

^ig ni ty 
\ cha risfc*^ 
y mon 
' genc0 
Br gate 
i tude 
hen i$m 
.s try 
a ence 
sa €re 



^ me' di una 
5b 8ta e\e 
gl ma nae 
€our te sy 
ch&a ti ty 
di a logz^ 
ctt i zen 
no ble ness 
8&e ra ment 
prim i tiv« 
tirg en cy 
f u gi tive 
thSnk f\il ness 
pa gan i$m 
dll i gence 
]g no ranee 
buich er y 



—Noons.- 



de eo' rum '^de' cen cy 
du Sn na gov em ess 



e lix ir 
bgn' e fit 
en ti ty 
o pi ate 
rSe ti tude 
ren e gade 
sat el lite 
sen ti ment 
sym pa thy 
ten e ments 
dis or' der 
^fru r tion 
im pSs' tor 
ne ga tion''^ 
op po nent 



eor di al 
ad van' tage 
ex tst ence 
nar €ot ie 
tip' riffht ness 
vag a bond 
at tSnd' ant 
pin ion® 
eom pas sion^ 
pos ses sion$ 
dis turb ance 
en joy ment 
de ceiv er 
de nial 
op po$ er 



. te or 
nu di ty 
pSn to mime 
ped a gogue 
pSr fi dy 
! sSne ti tude 
s€ot my 
i po tent ate 
i pu ni ness 
safe guard 
ar den cy 
td i om 
ab sti nence 
se ere cy 
pro fuse' ness 
chJts' i\$e ment 
de file' ment 
/j'n €&r 8Jon*^ 
lob $Srv ance^ 



fire' ball par tf tion di vt$' ion^ 

na ked ness pe ti" tion en treat y 
mtm ie ry pre ci$' ion^ ex Set ness 
school mas ter pro vi $o eon di" tzon 
trSach er y re tSn tion^ re tain ing 



ho li ness 
dtz zi ness 
6cv er Agn 
Itt tie ness 
de ftnse' 
fer' ven cy 
di a leet 
tSm per ance 
pri va cy 
ISv ish ness 
eor rSc' tion*^ 
pol lu tion 
in va siotf 



v§' he mence vf o lence 



ver ti go gld di ness 
vt$ it ant vi$ it or 
re piib' lie com' mon wealth 
6' vert lire*^ pro p6' $al 
ex ttne' tion de strtie tion 
a vfer sion*^ a void ing 
in cite ment in cSn tive 
€om mo tion ex eite ment 
mi gra tion re mov al 
a bash ment eon f u $ion^ | 
ex pan sion en large ment 
siif' fer ance en dur ance 
at t8n tion X^\eg a. \.ot! ^ \ft^\. «u 'wst 
' ^' = 



n91 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER 


69 






SECTION XIX. 








J Nourai 






«lgm' en cj 


>16n' i ty 


mild' ness 




III na ti« 


ma ni ae 


m&d man 




€or pu lenc« 


flSsh i ness 


fat. ness 




e^t a raet 


wft ter fftll 


eas eade' 




lu na cy 


ma ni a 


mSd' ness 




bSr ris ter 


eoun sel or 


\^w yer 




po $1^ Uon 


St ti tude 


i)8st flre^ 
hSrfge hog 




e €h7 nus 


por eu pine 




oe €fitf renoe 


fn ci dent 


e vgnf 




pre c8p tor 


m strtiet' or 


tu'tor 




eon tri^teon 


eom pune tion^ 


re morse' 




re fee tion™ 


re fresh ment 


re past 




di$ as ter 


mis fort une^ 


mis hftp 




eom po$ ure* 


se date ness 


eaZm' ness ; 




dis tSn tion 


ex tSn sion*^ 


strS^ch ing ! 




eSn" gru enctf 


a gree ment 


fit ness 




kAt^^tt.^.^ 




€6n' tra ry 


5p' po %iie 


ad' vSrse . 




ob sti nate 


stub bom 


will' ful 




fa rioufl 


VI lent 


rag ing 




pli a hU 


flSx i big 


pli ant 




te di ous 


wea ri somtf 


tire some 




tSm po ral 


sSe u lar**^ 


w6rld ly 




ad he' Ave 


te na' cious**^ 


stick ing 




e da cwus^ 


vo ra cioMsF 


greed y 




in t6r nal 


in t6s tine 


In ward 




mo mSnt oua 


im por tant 


Wfii^At y 




ma lig nant 


ma ir etoos 


ma ITmi' 




fa ga ctous®' 


v5r a tile 


fly' ing 




ter riff i« 


• ter\i bl« 


fri^rAt fill 




gi^ ft dite 


in struet' ed 


16am ed 




mal a pert 


tm' pu dent 


SftMcy 




in ex pftrl/ 


un skill' fill 


^w\i ward 




imma ture 


im pSr feet 


un riije' \ 




w dw ttnet ^ 


eonfa$ed' . 


^ ^^\iX^ '\ 



/ 



70 TOWN'S 


SJ^ELLER AND DEFINES.. 








^ ab' ro gate 


a b»l' ish 


anntir 


com mis' sion^ 


fti^ thor ize 


em poV er 


dSv' as tate 


dgs late^ 


rSv' age 


dep re date 


spo li ate 


)lun der 


ne gc? ti ate^ 


stlp u late^ 


1 )ar gain 


T^^ er ence 


ven er ate 


re vere' 


ree om pens^ 


eom pgn' sate 


re pay 


im pli cate 


en tan" gle 


in vMve 


ap pre' ci ate^ 


^ ti mate 


vM' ue*o 


in &n date 


ver flott/ 


del uge 


vSc' il late 


fluet^ u ate^o 


wa ver 


dis ci pline 


edueate^ 


in struet' 


dis cc^fii/ age 


dis heartf en 


de jeet 


en VI ron 


en eom pass 


sur round 


dis com p6$e' 


dis or der 


distftrb 


dis al low 


dis ap prove' 


re j6et 


dis eon cSrt 


in ter rfipt 


frfts' trate^^ 


' _., , IffyMM.^ ^wJk A Al.,^M^.^ 


' ap pAi/ ent 


bb' yi ous 


8v' i dent 


e8m' plSt $ant 


€oiirt e ous 


polite' 


ae cdrd' ant 


eSn 80 nant 


a gree ing 


de port ment 
di dSe tie 


de mean' or 


be hav ior® 


pre c8p tive 
de cep tiv6 


in strttet iwe 


fal la ctous^ 


de ceit fill 


fla ^ tebus 


a tro cwus^ 


vH' loin ous 


nar ta' tion^ 


re h6ars al 


re c7 tal 


ad her ent 


pai^ ti $an 


f 81' loti^ er 


In' di genc« 


p8n u ry*^ 


pov er ty 


sye phant*^ 


par a site 


flat ter er 


es ea lent 


ed i ble 


eat a bk 


har Hn ^r 


pre -etlr^ sor • 


fore rSn' ner 


ar se nal 


mag a zine' 


arm' o ry 


obm'tion 


8f ' fer ing 


sSe ri fice* 


plSa$' ant ry 


gay e ty 


mer ri ment 


' rapt tfr ovl^ 


8e st&t/ VQ 


trans port' ing 


in c^n' tive 


sflm' uVm^ 


YCL <sv\ft \afc\i\» 



TOWN'S SPELLER AKD DEFINEB. 



71 



SECTION XX. 



-Vertar- 



VertMi.- 



i^w! i nate 
in e ate 
o ri ate 
€ u ate*^ 
u bi late 
4g er ate 
n u ate^ 

Noons. 

mSd' i ti^ 
)a ri" tfon 
Lr'ity 
3€t ry 
rid i an 
is » tude 
en ta' tion^ 
3n ta tion 



sprSod 

sketch 

skin 

quit® 

•eloud 

eool 

hint 

goods 

gilost 

mirth 

guide 

noon 

change 

plamt 

pSmp 



^ ae eu' mu late 
ae eom pa ny 
eom mu ni eate 
^n e&t e nate 
cor rob o rate 
de «ap i tate 
e rad i «ate 
ex &8 per ate 
e yap o rate 
re an i mate 
re tal i ate 
al 1§ vi ate 
ar t& u late^ 
ea lum ni ate 
€0 ag u'late^ 
de erep i tate 



amassf 
at t^nd 
im part 
eon nSet 
eon firm 
be h&id 
up root 
en rage 
ex hlUe 
re vive 
re qmte® 
liffht! en 
atter 
slan der 
€<ir die 
erSck le 



Noons and AcUeetires. 



iSf i cent 
Q ti eal 
spie u ovaf^ 
^ag ed ness 
ef i rate 
litabl^ 
ii a ry*^ 
rSm' i ty 
et er ate 
a' ci a ted'^ 
5r mln" gle 
tru ment 
Sss' ment 
sd i ty 
la tion'® 
i mum 
ti late 
ul eber 



kind 
same 
eleor 



vague 

just 

frith 

end 

old 

lean 

mtx 

tool 

t&c 

place 

gift 

least 

matm 

tomi 



in tSi/ ro gate qu^' tion^ 

in vig or ate strength en 

pre var i eate quib bl^ 

pSi/ e grin ate jotr nej 

MisoeUaneoos. 

ir ri ga' tion^ wa' ter ing 
re cgp' taele 
in qui$ i tive® 
va €u i ty 



eon en i ate 

dis abuie' 

ce 1&' tial® 

rSv' e nue 

re mfe' sion®^ 

in tel li gent 

stu pid i ty 

ap pre h^v! sive fear f]il 

in |en' ious® skffl fal 

a wc\i \ tj %«Ka \!«^ 



re ceiV er 
in quiring 
Smp' ti ness 
pro pf ' ti ate 
un de ceive' 
UaV en ly 
ineome 
pardon 
know ing 
dull ness 



\ 



72 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 



-No«uis»- 



ae elir i ty 
a nil i tj 
a rid i ty 
f^u dao i ty 
8MX il ia ry^ 
de bU i ty 
de lin quen cj£ 
de vex i ty 
ex per i ment 
e mol u ment*^ 
ha bil i ment 
i den ti ty 
in sig ni a 
mag nif i cence 
ma lev o lence 
men dac i ty 



pow' er 
as cSntf 
do' tage 
dry ness 
bold ness 
hSlp ing 
weak ness 
fail flre^ 
slop ing 
tri al 
prSfit 
eloth ing 
same ness 

grSnd eflr* 
ill-w«r 
fnW h99d 



Kinds of Garmeotiu 
bft 

€5at 

eSp 

eSpe 

elook 

fr»ck 



gown 

gl6v« 

qunt«3 

robe 

sSek 

shtrt 

sktrt 
sSck 
searf 

vSst 



a' pron^ 
eSs sock 

ktrtle 
mtt ten 
tu nie 
trow $er$ 
sor tout' 
van dyke 

Pertaining to 
Gannentfl, t^ 
Things worn. 

but' ton 
col lar 
€5r set 
gtis set 
ker chirf 



pa rSr y sis 
pro pri e ty 
pro fT' cien cy 
te mer' i ty 
rus tic i ty 
sphe ric i ty*® 
a pel gy 
de elivi ty 
dev as ta' tion'^ 
er ft if tton 
€0 a li" tton 
in de pend' enc^ 
eb ul U" tion 
im mi nu' tion 
val e dte tion 
Sg' ri eSlt flre*^ 
pul €hri tilde 
ar rear* &ie 
sua ten fa tion 



^l'$y 

t ness 
prog ress 
rash ness 
riide ness 
round ness , 
ex eiise' 
de s(?Snt 
hav' oe 
l^am ing 
unrion^ 
free dom 
boil ing 
de crease' 
farewell 
farm' ing 
beau ty 
ar reortf 
sup port 



Clirtb. 



erape 

chlntx* 

felt 

gauze 

lat(m 

pliUd^ 

plush 

rug 

sSrge 

s«k 

Shnibs. 

eane 

hS(fge 

headi 

rose 

broom 



lin' ing 
p5ck et 
rib bon 

tr 

Kinds of Fruit. 

a' eorn 
b&r rel 
currant 
dam $on 
fil bert 
mel on 
nut meg 
eoe5a 
rat $tn 
ha zel nut 
pine'-ap -^ 
mSz ard 



TOWirS SPELLEB AND DEFINEB. 



78 



-AdleoUM- 



Q y moua 
viF i al 
e ri al 
[g e nous 
t i inat^ 
te ri or 
c it ous 
sSrv i ent 
I ri or 
i able 
i ta ry^ 
i ea bk 
i na ry 
ond a ry 
en ta ry 
si to ry 
i z6Tt! tal 



name 
fSstal 
roy al 
na tive 
]fi,w ful 
IStter 
anz fbus^ 
use fjil^ 
fftr *her 
love ly 
whoLe some 
fnSnd ly 
€om mon 
see ond 
sit ting 
fleet ing 
ISvel 



€(?&n' try 
conn ty 
eSn ton 
isl and 
tstA mns 
mount oiB 
prSv ince 
prSi rie 



bffl'iard$» 
check er$ 
raffle 
ten nis 



bee' tie 
bSd bug 
erick et 



^bed$ 

stodi 

bocc^li 

brooiB$ 

chSdu 

chSsts 

chfim 

elSck 

desks 

fSrks 

jar$ 

inivei 

ISmps 

mats 

pan$ 

pail$ 

plates 



trast op po $t" tion 

: ace in tro due' tion'* 

pSns^ pre eon ceiVed' 

stftll an tXd i pate 

i' tine o rig i nal 

' cial par tie u lar*^ 

em' ful iSm' ent a ble 

dish fash ton a ble 

J ly sol i tSr ry 

' cwus val u a ble*^ 

Set' me th8d' ie al 

lmg$ in tel li gence 

el . dis en tSn" gle 

it age de f 1" cten cy 

I der ad mi rS' tion*^ 

sreose f^ug men ta tion 

filne' ir rSv' er ent 

)uke rep re hSn' sion?*^ 



g8d' fly 
bean fly 
a phis^ 
b«tfly 
ox fly 
wee vti 

Sdti. 

Sl'um 
ep som 
b5 rax 
glfttib er'$ 
gypsum 

Bedding. 

blank' et 
ham mock 
mat tress 
pal let 
era die 



spooni 
screen 
stoves 
stilndi 



tray 
fLm$ 
wheel$» 
dbh' e$ 
china 
ba s£n$ 
b&ck ets 
plat ten 
so £ft 
sSl vers 
tables 
shov ell 
nttoh er$ 





74 TOWN'S SPELLER AND 


DEFINER. 






8BCTI0N XXI. 


Water. 


^ 


f ce l«b' ri ty 


re nown' 


fame 


bay 




in ^n u ous*^ 


eILn' did 


frank 


eove 




€ri te ri on 


stand ard 


rdle 


«reek 




fas tM i ons 


squeam ish® 


nice 


fl99d 




de mar ka' tion^ 


»mit 


boond 


frtth 




ex pe dT tion 


dis p»ch' 


speed 
sh&re 
Hse'less^ 


gulf 




par mcf i pate 
nil' ga to ry 


part&ke 
fu' tile 


ISke 
pSnd 




a b5m' i nate 


abhoi^ 


det^f 


pool 




in ftu ga rate 


in dftet 


in rest 


rfll 




pro erfts ti nate 


defi&r 


delSy 


a$a 




prog nds tie ate 


fore shoe^^ 


foretell 


br^ok 




re pu di ate 
ob bt er ate 


dis eard 


re jcct 


aprfng 




e rase 


efface 


atreom 




ab bre vi ate 


a bridge 


sh5rt/ en7 


sound 




ex pa ti ate 


Sx'ile 


bftn ish , 


btlm 




ae cH' er ate 


h&s' ten 


quick' en® 
dil i gent 


Lud. 




as nd u ous^ 


s6d u bus^ 


«arth 




m&tf ri mo ny 


wed lock 


mar ria^e 


«Spe 




rep n tS' tion^ 


re pute' 


credit 


iah 




trep i da tion 


tr§' mor 


trem bling 


plU 




se v6/ i ty 


rigor 


striet ness 


state 




in iq ni too^ 


wick ed 


un jftst/ 


town 




in ad y^t' ent 


hepd less 


e&re' less 


Bedi. 




ar tirie ry 


5rd nance 


€&n non 


«oach 




> eom patibk 


eon sXatl ent 


Bvdt a ble 


est 




in teg ri ty 


prSb i ty 


A5n est y 


bank . 




mu nif i cent 


gen er ous 


lib er al 


■UOUL 




pe ti" tion er 


sup pli eant 


sup pli ant 


«% 




si mfl' i tude 


sim i le 


like ness 


loam 




me phit ie^ 


poi $on OMQ 


nSx wus^ 


mM 




eon trae tion 


shSrt en ing 


shrink ing 


mold 




se eu ri ty 


pro tee' tion 


safe ty 


soU 


> 


in thrffil ment 


sSrv' i tude 


bondage 


Bme 


jj ma ttg m ty 


vtr u \ei\ce 


xaaXVie 


<;J&>?k.> 



TOWirS SPELLEB AMD DEFINER 


75 




kAl 


8BCTI0N XXII. 










' cioua 


tS! vor a ble 


Moiie. 




tfie 


b^u ti fy ing 


bftn' dore 




ouaf^ 


la bcT ri ons 


t^r 




Hve 


advisory 




yle 


re mark a bk 


e5r net 




h\e 


ap pea$ a bk 


c jfm bal 




bl<^ 


per cSp ti bk 


fiddle 




noont 


8u p9 ri or 


han^ boy^ 




lent 


ta miilt u ood^ 


jews harp^ 




ie 


di$ c6m i bl«^ 


5r gan 




bU 


€5n' qiier a blg*^^ 


sSckbat 




sate 


eom pliea'ted 
prSfitabk 


spin et 




tiv« 


iabor 




' idovia 


mftr ci ffjl 


tim brel 




mp' tu 


ex tSm' po re 


has soon' 




tftrn 


in fe ri or. 


guit ar 








base'-vi ol 
trtim pet 




iel 


un be lie?' er 




$n'to 


re m8m' bran cer 


Vmtk, Poetiy* 




ma 


effluvia 


d&^tyl 




son 


dW tion a ry"^ 


ep ie 




rs^ ment 


ex pSn' di tore 


ee \ogue 




b ment 


in ves ti tore 


g«5r gie 




p tion'^ 


im mu ni ty 


idyl 




jpsy 


in di gSsf' tion 


l^i« 




B tion 


re ean ta tion 


pe an 




Dge ment 


Si ien a tion® 


8p5n dee 




tence 


in a b!l i ty 


trochee 




uw ment?® 


men an ra tion 


stBnza 




diet 


pro hi Vf tion 


blank-verse 




ogy 


re $8m' bianco 


rhyme 




3ty 


dr&nk' ea ness 


satf ire 




ity 


fatth fjil ness 


i Sm' bie 




r ni ty 


broth er hQQd 


paa'toral 




'i^7 


hfim ble neaa 


%Xi ^^ '^'^^V 





76 TOWN'S SPELLEB AND DEFINER. 




Yorbo 




1>r«><*lnn« Atrt*M>«. 




/'eaptt'ulate^ "^ 


•ur rSn' der 


XTVC10U9 obones* 

^Hg'ate 




de lib er ate 


eon sid er 


ber yl 




dis erim i. nate 


dis tm" guish^ 


erys tal 




dis «oun te nanc^ 


dis eour' a^e 


di a mond 




ha Mt u ate^ 


ae «us torn 


jew eF 




in car cer ate 


im pri$ on 


ja cinth 




com mSm o rate 


cgr e brate 


jasper 




re cip ro eate 


in ter change' 


6 nyx 




dis en tin" g\e 


ix! tri cate 


opal 




un der val' ue^ 


un der rate' 


ruby 
sar dine 




de p5p' u late^ 


dis pSo' pk 




de hil i tate 


en fee bl^ 


sSp phire* 




pre pon der ate 


out wei^A'^ 


to paz 




re mu ner ate 


rSe' om pens« 


Metals. 




spe elf i eate 


specify 


e5p' per 




mo nop lize 


en gross' 
dtg^ni fy 


€0 b^lt 




Sg' grand ize 


nick el 








Metalfu 




a lae' ri ty 


cheer' ful ness 


buU'i6n«> 




al le gi mce 


loy al ty 


bl$ muth 




a vM i ty 


ea ger ness 


1 ron* 




hos til i ty 


Sn mi ty 
wick ed ness 


pewter** 




in iq ui tyS 


sll ver 




pro ^n i tor 


an ces tor 


Fish. 




mSn' logue 


so in' quy® 


grSm' pus 




eom pe tenc6 • 


suf fi" cten cy 


her ring 




utll'ity 
ea lam i ty 


use' fijl ness*^ 


had dock 




mis f orf une*^ 


shin er 




pos ter i fy 


de scSnd ants 


mm let 




re cipi ent 


re ceiV er 


floun der 




nr ban i ty 


po lite ness 


bar bel 




eo ad ju' tor 


as sbt ant 


p511ard 




dis so lu tion^ 


di$ $oly ing 


saZm on 




res ti tu tion 


re stor ing 


suck er 


/ ra€n'itf 


Smp' ti neaa 


stftr geon* 


II malelUe'tor 


€nm \ "MX 


\»s{l\\ss^ 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 


77 


Ji(r"^ 


Discsfltfl of M^n 


/ lui u la' tionJI 


^ flat' ter y 


a' gue 


dim i nu tion 


less en ing 


an thrax 


€S«' u al tyS 


ae ci dent 


astA ma 


h5r ti €ult fir^^ 


gar den ing 


bel Ion 


8r a to rj 
par si mo ny 


a quence^ 
sp&r ing nesa 


ean cer 
eank er 


mftr ce na ry 


• hire ling 


ehol e ra 


in BUT r8«' Hon 


-,se dr teon 


eol ie 


in €an ta tion 


^n chant/ ment 


fevem 


pro Ion" ga' tion 


Kngth' ening 


chn blam 


req ui $r tionS 


re quir' ing 


drop sy 


ren o va tion 


re new aF 


gray el 


re$ ig na tion 


sub mfa sion* 


h6rpe$ 


lim it a tion 


re strie tion'* 


hie eotigh^ 


de ttr' i nm 


de range ment 


hu mor$ 


fi^ €u ra cy 


pre ci" $i6n 


jaun dice 


sep a ra tist . 


dis sent er 


mca$ lei 


AiUm***-" 


quln' $y® 




M* ^ 


ap prff pri ate 


)e eiil' iar® 
•an' ci ffel 


rat tle$ 


ehi mSr i eal 


seur vy 


ef fern i nate 


worn an ish 


t6t ters 


im pet u ous^ 


vT lent 


pleu ri sy 
ty phus^ 


in vid i ous 


fe Vi OMB 


i tin er ant 


trav el ing 


ai cer$ 


me 15 di ous 


mu $ie al 


whit lo«^ 


re clp ro eal 


mut u al^ 


ea tarrA' 


eon eom i tant 


at tSnd' ing 


rYck' ets 


de leet a ble 


delimit fijl • 


philm ic 


eom menc ing 


be gin ning 


DiMases of 


in ffld i ous 


in sn&r ing 


Beasto. 


eom md di ous 


eon ven ient?* 


found' er 


op pro bri ous 


re proach ful 


gland er$ 


prgd' a to ry 


pliin' der ing 


mur Tc&a 


mi$ er a bk 


un hap' py 


spay in 


pre ea' ri oua 


un c6r tain 


an' ti eor 


' e l&b rate 


la' bored 


^\S^'^%^\% 



78 



TOWN*S SPELLER AKD DEFINES. 



SECTION XXIII. 
G0UPLBT8 OF Words unukb iir Pbosunciation and MEAsmio. 



a' €REt 160 square rods. 
I A €HOBy a dUease 00 the head. 

Ad yice', counsel ; admonition. 

Ad Yif b, to give counsel. 
Xn€H' OB, for holding a ship. 
Ink bb, a measure of spirits. 

BXl' lad, a trivial song. 

BXl lbt, a theatrical dance. 

BXl lot, a ticket for roting. 
Bdo' lOB, stays for women. 
BdD iss, the plural of boify, 

Bbi' dlb, of a horse ; a check. 

Bbid al, belonging to marriage. 
€Ib' oi^ a song of joy ; to warble. 
CdB AL, a marine production. 
€dBOL, of a plant 

Cb' dab, an evergreen tree. 

Cbd bb, one who transfers a claim. 
CAl' lab, the room under a house. 
SfiLL BB, one who sells. 

€6l' lab, for the neck. 

Ch6l bb, anger; passion ; bile. 



C5b' set, a bodice for ladies. 
€768 8BT, a lamb raised by hand. 

€k>UN' OIL, an assembly, [vice. 

€ouN SBL, advice ; to give ad- 
£tR' BANT, a shrub and its fhiit. 
€<^B BENT, passing ; a flowing. 

Cf m' bal, a musical instrament 

StM BOL, a sign ; an emblem; a 
Db vIob', contrivanoe ; trick, [lypa 
Db viiB, to contrive ; to plan, 

MI* THBB, one of two ; each. 

2 THBB, a light, volatile fluid. 
B lude', to escape by artifice. 
Al ludb, to refer to indirectly. 
Il l^db, to mock or deceive. 

GXm' blb, to play for a wager. 

6Xm BOL, to skip and play. 

OXm bbel, hind \e^ of a horM 
GXnt' lbt, a military pnnishmeiit 
GXinrr lbt, an iron glova 

Jftsr' BR, one given to jesting. 

dftaxdBB^, action in speaking. 



LXt' in, language of ancient Ro- 
LXt ten, iron plates, tinned, [mans. 

Li' AB, one who tells lies. 

Lf RE, a kind of harp. 
LioHT' NINO, a flash in the clouds. 
LioHT EN INO, making lighter, [use. 

Ltu' BEE, timber prepared for 

Ittu BAB,' pertaining to the loins. 
MXn' neb, method ; custom. 
MXn ob, a lord's domain. 

MXt' in, pertaining to morning. 

MXt tino, materi^ for mats. 
MIt' TBE8S, a quilted hair-bed. 
MXt rice, a mold, as for type. 

M£t' TLB, spirit; ardor. 

MfiT AL, as gold, silver, &c. 
Min' be, one who digs metals. 
Mi NOB, one under age ; less. 

PXl' ate, part of the month. 

PXl let, a painter's color-board. 
Pob' tion^, a separate part. 
P6 TiOM, a draught; a close. 
PrIh' obb, the plural of prtiioe. 
PmIn obbb, a royal lady. 



PRdr' IT, gain ; advantage. 
PadpH et^, one who foretells, 

RXb' bet, to lap and poin boanb. 

RXb bit, a small animaL 
Ha' zob, an instrument for shif- 
Ra/i be, one that ndses. [kig. 

RIo' obb, one that rigs or di ewe i . 

Rio OB, severity ; strictness. 
SXb' bath, the day for holy rest 
SXb a oth, armies ; hosts. foi 

SXl' yeb, plate to presentthi^p 

SXl yob, one who saves a ship. 
Sei^LPT' or, an artist in scnlpCBrs. 
SctfLPT tRK*<>, carved work. 

Sha obbbn', a kind of leather. 

Sha orIn, ill-humor; vexatioii. 
Spb' CIE7^ money in coin. 
Spi CJES^, a class of any .Aing. 

SttcK' ER, a fish ; a shoot 

8(te €OB, relief; to deliver. 
TeXv* el, to pass; to journey. 
TbXt iiiL, to labor with pain. 

\ W 01., Sk aXxvcv^;»\\Tiaftx^Qa&«ceu 



TOWN'S 8PELLE1 AMD DEHMEB. 



79 



SKCTION XXIV. 

LETB OF WOROt UHUKS IIT PbOVUIIOIATIOV AMD liSAnSO. 



low*^ a pooling «pon. 
ov, a ponhiig forth, [parti. 

L.YZB, to separate into 
L ISB» to write annals. 
[T^ niitable; fit. 
TX, contrary in pofotion. 
R ATK, to make nwgii. 
BATS, an aspirated letter. 
eisM, a ship's compass-box. 
LJ^ a kind of telescope. 
:bb is, tool for paring hoofii. 
RBM, a prop; an atwtmenL 

DAB, an almanac. [&0. 
DBR, hot press for cloths, 
[ TAL, seat of gOTemment. 

TOL, a government house. 

ST^, a hundred years. 
7 BTf the name of a plant 
n' i€ AL, of long duration. 
N I CLB, to reoonl events. 
riON^, the act of straining. 
Tioir, a repast 



•G6v^Tt DANT, one intmstedwith se- 
€dif PI DBMT, bold; positive, [crets. 

€9b' po bal, relating to the Mdj. 

€oR pd' RB AL, haftnr a bodj. 
-C^ir* Ri BR, one sent in haste. 
CO&RiBB, a drasser of feather. [ciL 

€oDM'GiLOR,membi of a conn- 

€ouN SBL OB, one who counsels. 
DfiW BB UHQM, raspect for others. 
Dip PBB RncM, diversitj; disagree- 

Db scftN d' Airr, offspring, [meot 

Dm scftMD wan, foiling. 
Db vi^ BB, one who contrives. 
Dr Yis OB, one who beqneatlM. 
Di vl SOB, tiie number ttet divides. 

E Lis' i6]r**, euttfav off a vowel. 

E Lf • I AM«>, hlissfol; deligfatfoL 
E Lu' siOK^i, escape by artifice. 
Il lu sioir, a folse show. 
Al lu Slow, indirect reforenoe. 

£ RtF' TiON^, a breaking forth. 

Ib utr TiOB, a barsting in. 



WT, disdngnished; oelebrat- 
BBT, impending. Jed. 

B cisB, a task; to practice. 
I CISB, to expel evil spirits. 
' T/ous, labored; unnatural. 
TiOHS, feigned; couBteifoit 
:' AL LT, according to forms, 
f BR LT, In time past 

io08^, skillful 10 invent 
u ous^'^yfree finom leserve. 
> niOE, a balsamic root 
BR I8H, eager to enjoy; nice. 
[ENT, a son ointment 

MBKT, outline; feature. 
€LB, die answer of a god. 

€LB, the external ear. 
rABCf, an established ri;a. 
NCJV, heavy artilleiT. {rates, 
rl" Tr6», that which sepa- 
'f Ti6Sf a prayer; a request 
Lous*^, full of people. 
.ACB^, the common people. 
A BLP, fit to be drank. 
A BLs, that may be carried. 



Tntc' B DBNT, BB example. 
Pr£s i dbnt, b presiding oflloer. 

PrIn' 01 PAS» a chief instructor. 

PrIit CI PLX, a general or settled 
pRdpH' B CT*«, a predicdon. [truth. 
FBdPH B sf , to foretell fotnre events. 

RJLd' I €AL, original; thoroiigh. 

RId I «LB, the germ of a root 
Al lb ga' TiON^,the thing declared. 
Al LI o A TiON, a rule of arithmetic 

Cob ptR ma' TiOH^, proo£ 

CloN POR MA TiOB, Structure. 
Db p5rm' I TT, unnatural shape. 
Dip p5rm i tt, nnlikeness. 

fix'BC^TER, one who performs. 

Ex fi€' u TOR^, settler or an estate. 
Leg is la' tor, a lawgiver, [ers. 
Leg is lat urb*<^, body of lawgiv- 

MIl' lb na bt, space of 1000 yrs. 

MIl' LI If BB t, head-dresses, &c. 
Pet ri pIc' tiob, a turning to stone. 
Pu TRE pl€ TiOB, procttss of rotdug. 

St a' tion a ry, fixed in a place. 

8t1 TIOTX BU T , ^«J^X^'^KOA^ Vr..' 





80 TOWN'S 


SPELLEB AND DEFINER. 






SECTION XXV. 




>* ctr^ earn stance 


"^ eon df tion 


' state 




be n6?' o lence 


chSr' i tv 
suit a ble 


Wve 




ex pe £ ent 


m 




eon sum m^' tion^ 


com pie' tion 
rT valry 


end 




eompe if tion 


strife 




op er &' tion 
ob li ga tion 


a gen cy 


w6rk 




e5n tract 


bSnd 




ma 18?' lence 


enmi ty 


spite 
search 




in ves ti gate 


scrfl ti nizo 




et hil a rate 


en liv' en 


cheer 


' 


mag nif i eent 


ma j8s tie 


gr&nd 




dex twr i ty; , 


ex p$rt ness 


flVill 




ad'versaiy 


8n' e my 


foe 




ig no min y 


infamy 


shame 




ep i d6r^ mis 


eu ti ele 


skin 




nn der stAnd ing 


Intellect 


mind 




de bff i tate 


e nfer' vate 


weak' en 




ex ten u ate^ 


p»' U ate 


18ss en 




ob strep er ous 


elam or ous 


noisy 




e pit me 


a hTld^ ment 


lib straet 




ex te ri or 


ex tSr nal 


out ward 




e hi ci date 


il Itis trate 


ex plain' 




•hab i tjr tion'» 


r8$ i dence 


abod^ 




eBn' tu me 1 J 


in so lence 


re proocl 
cSn' sdre^ 




animadyftri/ 


erit i ci$e 




el M er ate 


dis bHi^ den 


ac qult^ 




ex tir min ate 


ex tir pate 


destroy 




su per fta ous 


re d&n dant 


use' lei* 




oe ea pa' tion 


em ploy ment 


bu$ i nes 




laz a rSt to 


hds' pi tal 


p&t-hous 




re vftr' ber ate 


re geh' o 


re sound* 




be di ent 


sub mis. sive 


du' ti f]}l 




ftl ter eS' tion 


eon ten tion 


dis pute' 


:)j nm'tnoMA 


Sm' i nent 


fa' moua 


1 in me u ouat^ 


m no ceiA> 


Vira^^Ms 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINES. 81 




SECTION XXVI. 






^ O lU8t 


^ ad' ver aa ry 


CItU and Mnitarj 
^ OOoen. 




nabk 


an Btoer a.ble 


wsrd' en 




bS ne c^us 


vol nn ta ry 


s§al er 




1 a loos 


ir rSg' ti Ifljr^ 


e&p tain 




o my 


f ru ^ i ty 


eo lo nel* 




m ate 


in tox i eate 


eBnsnl 




' i on 


for get fill ness 


d|tt (^kin^ 




et u al^ 


eon tin u al^ 


Sn Biga 




or di al 


riginal 


en Toy 




dent ly 


8b' vi oui ly 


justice 




I'o^ 


divln'itj 
di v&r si fy 


mfi jor 




e gate 


may or 




tn' ti ty 


non ex Is^ enc« 


mar quis^ 




»en si ty 


in eli na tion'* 


ser geant* 




iih e sis 


sap po sf tion 


sheriff 




51o^y 


rep ti" tion 


Tice roy 




l' ui tyS 


om ni prgi>' enc^ 


vi«' count 




iter na' tion"^ 


as tSn' ish ment 


es quire'® 




ra ISs cent 


re eov er ing 


Xcclesimstical. 




i lie tion 


a bSn don roent 


bfeh' op 




gesis 


ex pla na' tion"** 


eu rate 




i nb cenca 


ree ol Ke tion 


vie ar 




rgp' an cy 


dis a gree ment 


dea eon 




nt ively 


dJl' i gent ly 


ader 




er ate ly 


tem per ate ly 
par don a ble 
m fl W ma ble 


ex arch 




1$' a ble 


prel ate 




bfis ti ble 


pn mate 




on nSe' tion 


Sep a ra' tion 


rge tor 




Q' iar ize® 


ha Mt' u ate« 


doe tor 




L e quate® 


in suf it' cient 


priest 




! eu rate 


er y3 ne ous 


legate 




it a h\e 


rSp' u ta blii«> 


dean 




3 dW tion 


ex e era' tion 


preach er 




old' ened 


en eo^r^ aged 


ex arch' ate ; 




)Kx i ty 


em b&r rasa meut 


* 1L^^ ^5\. ' 


L 



82 



TOWN'S SPELLES AND DEFINER. 



-^Ss' pi €a h\e , 

pre pds' ter ous 
€om wS$ er ate 
€on grfi i ty 
an te oed' ent 
en ed' mi urn 
for tu i tons 
ce 18r i ty 
e qmv o «al® 
pro pin qui ty 
€5n' 8e« ta ry 
ei 51^ bi tant 
ex u ber ant**^ 
felicity 
oir enm sUln' tzal^ 
im pai^ ttal ly 
in stru mSntf al 



--MiioeUanet 



eon tSmptf i bk 
ir rtt teon aP 
€om pas sion ate*^ 
eon sist en cy 
an te ri or 
pan e gjhr' ie 
ae ci dent al 
ve Idc' i ty 
am Ug u ous^ 
prox im i ty 
e6T^ ol la ry 
ex trSy' a gant 
lux d ri ant*^ 
be &t i tude 
par tie u lar^ 
gq' ui ta blyS 
eon du' oive 



mean 
ab sftrd' 

fitness 
pri or 
eu lo gy^ 
e&l ualS 
swift ness 
don&tfiiil 
nSar ness 
do dfie' tion^ 
ex cess vre 
a bun dant 
hSp' pi ness 
mi nute' 
jasf ly 
aid ing 



SECTION XXVII. 

Ck>DPLBT8 OF WOSD8 SNDIMG IN CM OB 8M AVD TS. 



i 



Chance, accident; opportanitj. 
Chamth, sacred son^ in prose. 

Dancjv, to move with measured 

Daunts, intimidates. fstepiL 
D£ns«, thick; compact. . ItionB. 
D&NT8, small hollows or indenta- 

MltiOJi, to chop into pieces. 

MINTS, places for coining mon- 
PrInojv, a king's son. [ey. 

PrInts, impresses letters hy type. 

SftNSjB, faculty of perceiving. 

C£iiTS, copper coins. 
TfiNSf, time; strained; rigid. 
TfiNTS, lodgings made of canvas. 

€oM MfiNcc', to begin. [tion. 

€dM' MBNT8, remarks ; explana- 
In t£n8£', strained ; very close. 
In TfiNT8, designs ; purposes. 

Pa' T/ENOJiTi^anffering with calm- 

Pa T/BNT8, sick persons, [ness. 
Pr£s' ENCB, state of being present 
Pb6m entb, gifts ; donationi 



Ad her' bngx, attachment. 

Ad her BNT8, followers. 
As sIst' ancb, help ; aid ; reliet 
As sIsT ANTS, those wiio aasiit. 

At TiND' ANGB, SCt of WsUillg 00. 

At tbnd ANTS, those who atSnd. 
Db pfiND' BMGB, relianee; tnut 
Db pfiND BNTS, those snstahied. 

In' no cengx, freedom from guilb 

In no CENTS, those free horn gvilt 
Rb pAnt' ancb, act of repeBting: 
Rb pfiNT ants, those who ropaot. 

Rfis' I DKNCf, a place of abode. 

Rfis 1 DENTS, those living in a plaoe. 
Kb sIst' ancb, act of red 
Kb sIst ants, those wbo 

Rb spOnd' ENCB, an answBring. 

Rb spdND BNTS, those wlio respiMid. 

€0E BB SPdND' BNOB, IsMeiB. fsA 

€oR RB sp6no bntb, letier-wril- 
Ex p£f Di ENCB, fitness to 

\ Ex Pil 1>1 B»t^, 



TOWN'S 


SPELLER AND DEFINER. 83 




SECTION XXVIII. 


V 




^pro PC cien cy 


^ ad vanci^ ment 


^ pr8^ ress 




eom pill' 80 Tj 


eom p^ ling 


forcing 




1 ad vent Are som^ 


hfiz' ard ous 


d&r ing 




i de mon stara tive 


eon elu' siv« 


cdr tain 




; es tab lished" 


eon firmed 


fixed® 




: un ctr «am speet 
e vSnt u ate*^ 


in e^i tt^us^ 


heed' less 




tdrm' in ate 


Is sae^ 




eon tir mi nova 


b5r der ing 


t<>tich ing 




\ eon ta mS' ctbu^ 


8b sti nate 


per Y^rs^ 




8U8 ten ta tion^ 


mam te nance 


sap port 




dis po a" tion 


ar rfinge' ment 


mfith'od 




dee pe ra lion 


hope' less ness 


despfiti" 




en ter tain ment 


a muse' ment 


trSatf ment 




eom pSt^ i ble 


eon sbt ent 


fitting 




eon sum ma' tion 


eom pie tion^ 


ending 




par tic' i pant 


par tak er 


sh&r er 




in eli n&' tion 


tgnd' en cy 


lean ing 




de vgr op ment 


dis elos' ure* 


un fold' ing 




dis eon so late 


de j6et ed 


eom' fort less 




as ton ish ment 


a mSze ment 


eon fu' $ioi^^ 




de cl phered^ 


ex pUuned 


an fold ed 




eom pre hSn' siv^ 


ea pa ctous^ 


ex tSn sive 




pSi' emp to TJ 


W so late 


p8$i tive 




sane ti mo nj 


de voatf ness 


ho li ness 




su per v? lor 


ver seei' 


in spSef or 




en er iSt ie 
bi'dolentlv 


vX^ or oas 


foi^ ci ble 




slag gisb ly 


lasily 




mol es tS tion^ 


an noy' ance 


dis ttlrb' anee 




ra^ U ^t I7 


heed' less ly 


re mfas Iv 




ob sea rS tion 


ob seCu/ mg 


dark' en mg 




8b' sd nate I7 


sttib' bom ly 


wtll fid ly 




ver r&l' mg 


eon trol' ling. 


di r6etf ing 




pas bW i ty 


pSs' sire ness 


sab mis sion* 




pm i fffl ness 
in ad' e quate® 


ten der ness 


^m pas luon 




in eom plete' 


de feet ive 




in an i mate 


sptr^ itleaa 


\Ii^AV\N^ ^ 



84 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFIXER. 



-MlaoQUaaeotu.- 



ef fr6nt er y 
per clp i ent 
an der t&k' ing 
re $W VL ttm^ 
nSc' es sa ry 
ti m¥d' i ty 
€on see u Iitc^ 
in cip i ent 
in ad yM enc« 
im pr¥$' on ment 
im mae ti late^ 
im per a tive 
dr €um fer enc^ 
i rSs ci Ue 
in ftrmi ty 
re stls ci tate 



le' ni ent 
tm pu dence 
per cSp' live 
ad vent iire^ 
re mitn der 
es sSn tfaF 
eoV ard ice 
sue ceed' ing 
be g¥n ning 
nS^ li gence 
eon fine' ment 
nn de filed' 
im p€' ri ous 
A-pe rVpli e r y ^ 
tr' ri ta bk 
weak ness 
re vlv' i fy 



en mg 
sftu ci ness 
per ceeV ing 
Sn' ter pii$e 
re$ i due 
req ui$it^ 
fear f]il ness 
f 01 lota ing 
com mSnc' inj 
3 yer si^At 
re strStnt/ 
sp8f less 
eom mand' in. 
p$ rim e ter - 

SSrf sion ate" 
i$ ease' 
re vive 



z 



cer e ma ni ous 
eon ti gu i ty 
. e eo nSm ie al 
in di yid u al^ 
plu vi am e ter 
pri mo ge ni al 
hy per bo re an 
an i mds i ty 
lo S^ i nous 
per spi en i ty 
sub i tS ne ous 
su per cH i ous 
sub bW i a ry 
di lap i da ted 
''^ hi ro gljfph' ie*® 
in &t u & tion^ 
W po tent ly 
ex pS' di en cy 
in i^n don al ly 



f5rm'al 
eSn taet 
frdgal 
sin" gle 
rain'-gSw^e 
ftrst-b5m 
nSrth em 
ha tred 
oil y 

eleor ness 
slid den 
h^ugh ty 
iii ing 
de eayed' 
gm' blem 
folly 
weak ly 
fit ness 
de $Tgm' ed ly 



ai/ se nal 
hds pi tal 
mu se' um 
meef ing hcz 
nttn ner y 

^e a ter 
i ea the' driiL 

pan the' on 

ro t&n da 

8t5te'-pri$f (^ 

Qaadnipeds. 

ieh neu' mo 
o pds sum 
kan" ga too 
cha fas' le ^ 
•zo'dph ags^ 
^ ar ma dll' 1« 



TOWN»S SPELLER AND DEF1NI':R. 



85 



SECTION XXIX. 



•a; ta h\e 
Q i tive 
dn axis \y 
3la' cen cy 

&m pla tion 
3 spbnd ent 
/ u al ly« 
spy cious 
It ively 
Ek ra' tion 
» sp^t ful 
ite' fid ly 
im vSn' tion 
$e' ment 
r si ty 



vim search' a ble 
de term in ate 
tn' fa moas ly 
ap pro ba' tion'* 
pub li €a tion 
med i ta tion 
ILd! swer a bl^ 
serfl pu lous ly 
un f 5rt' u nate*® 
dll i gent ly 
af fir ma tion 
ir r6v' er ent 
ma li'' cious ly 
im po $r tion 
ree re a' tion 
dif fer enc« 



^ 



[g' ure ment^ 
e tion ate ly'® 

gree' a h\e 
it is f Se' tion 
tni$ er a tion 
pli mSnt^ a ry 
pte' u ous ly^ 
am tS ta ry 
rm in a' tion 
I i ta tion 

te* ri ous 
u me li ous 
Ig' a to ry 

tffity 

ri ous ly 
J i tude 
I it a' tion 
md'ni ous 
ara dtet o ry 



htd'den 
fi nal 
base ly 
plSa$ ur6* 
n6 tice 
stfid y 
suit ed 
ex ftef ly 
an luck y 
efire' fiU ly 
as sfer' tion'® 
nn civ il 
S€5m' ful ly 
de cSp' tion 
di vfer sion'* 
un like ness 



de form' i ty 
t6n' der ly 
un pleas' ant 
dis eon tSnt' 
€om p&' sion*^ 
bli| ing 
8 p«i ly 
re v81/ ing 
de ci$ ion^ 
fee' ble ness 
de strttet' ive 
re proach ful 
de trtlet ing 
live' li ness 
hftrt fill ly 
anx r e ty 
sup pli ea' tion'® 
eor rS' tAve 
in eon sisf ent 



de face' ment 
16/ ing Iv 
of f8ii sivtf 
dis like' 

CIV ll 

plain ly 
tUrn ing 
pftr pose 
Yf^ak ness 
dSod ly 
a bu' sive 
de grad ing 
16v' i ty 
wr8ng fyl ly 
6am est ness 
en treat* y 
sbarp. 



L 



86 TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 






Great Circles oa 


e qui Hb' ri um®* ^ 


§' qui p©i$« 


the Globe. 


as si du i ty 


dn i genc« 


e quS' tor^ 


hSt' e ro dox y 


her 6 sy 


ho ri zon 


dis sat is f Se' to ry 


dis pleas' ing 


e cttp tic 


flex i btl' i ty 


pi? an cy 


colurefC 


in ter mu ta' tion"*^ 


in ter change 
re JSe' tion^ 
prr ma ry 


me rW i an 


re pu di a tion 


thnaner Cirdes. 


el e mSni/ a ry 


tr5p' ics 


in u tn i ty^ 


use less ness^ 


p5' lar- 


in ter lo eu' tion 


di a logue 


ctr cl«$ 


dis r€p' u ta bl^ 


dis grace' ful 


Planets. 


di$ Aon or a h\e 


re proach ful 


MSr' cu ry 


dis con tin' u ance*^ 


ces sa tion 


Venus 


dis a gree a bly 


un plSa$ ant ly 


Karth 


sab or di na' tion 


sub jee tion 


Mars 


cir €um »m' bi ent 


sur round ing 


Ju' pi ter 


eon fra tftr ni ty 


broth' er ho^ 


Saturn 


€oni mu ni ea' tion'^ 


In' ter course 


mi's^tol 


a b5m' i na bU 


de t&tf a bk 


NSp tuna 


vo «ab u la ry^ 


dW tion a ry^ 


AstmraUt. 


in ter po $T tion 


in ter v8n' tion 


^CS'res 


in ter pret a tion 


ex pla na tion 


^'PSllaa 


in sin ogr' i ty 


de eetV fyl ness 


Ju no 


in bar mo ni ous 


un mu sic al 


y&ta 


in hu mftn i ty 


bar bSr i ty 




in ear cer a' tion 


im pri$ on ment 


War. 


in fer tJl' i ty 


un frdtt fill ness 


shteld 


dis sim u la' tion^ 


hy p5c ri sy 
iriib er al 


back' Icr 


dis in g6n' u ous^ 


helm et 


dis €rim i na' tion 


<Us tin" guish ing* 


cui'rasrf" 


dis ap pro ba tion 


dis ap prov' ing 


re dottit 


in trW sic al ly 


in ter nal ly 


stock Sde 


i in va ri a ble 


un change a h\e 


•{ftr' tress 


j in vid i ous ly 


Sn' vi ous ly 


cSsek 


^ su per in tSnd' enc« 


su per vW ion^ 


has tion* 


ma te'rially 


esftSri tiaWf^ 


*f ^^ 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEa 



87 



-MiMsellft 



eon sId' er ate ly 
eon 80 ci if lion^ 
eon du pli ea tion^ 
eon de sc^V ing ly 
de f Sm' a to ry 
in flam ma to ry 
in ju dr oious ly 
in snf fi" eten cy 
in ere du'H ty 
im ma ta ri ty 
im pSn' i tent ly 
im p&r 1i nent ly 
im pro pi7 e ty 
il Iw tri ous ly 
im a^ in ary 
in ci d^tf al ly 
in All apt'' ctoua ly 



prfl' dent ly 
eom pSn' ion ship* 
doiib' ling 
eoflrt e oua ly 
ea Ifim' ni ous 
in flam ing 
un wise ly 
de ti' cten cy 
un be lief 
un npe' ness 
8b' du rate It 
of fi" cioua ly 
un smV a bl6 ness 
eon spte u wis ly* 
vW ion a iV* 
ea$ u al ly^ 
un fa' vor a bly 



Bar fin's 
Bengal' 
Bts' eay 
Cam peach' y 
GhSs' a peake 
Del a w&re 
Fun dy 
Hud son's 
Mo bile' 

Seat. 

Az5f 
Bgl' tie 
Bl&ck 
Chrna 
GSs pi an 
Irish 
Mar mo ra 



he r^ i ta ry 
ob lit er Sf tion'* 
pre or di na tion 
pre oe €u pa tion 
pre pds^ ter ous ly 
pro erSs ti na ting 
prdT it a ble ness 
prob lem Hi! ie al 
prog n6fl^ tie a'ting 
su per im pSnd' ing 
sup pie mSntf a ry 
un aV ter a h\e 
tu mfilt n a ry* 
vo lupt u ous 1 V* 
in vol un ta ri ly 
in har m^ ni ous ly 
in sig nff i ean cy 
im mu ta VO! i ty 
im prob a bil i ty 



pat ri mS ni al 
ef face' ment 
fore or datn' ing 
pre pos s8s sioir^ 
ab stlrd' ly 
de la^ ing 
gain' ful ness 
qu^ tion a bleS 
fore shou/ ing 
o ver h&n^ ing 
ad dT tion al 
un change^ a bk 
dis or'.der ly 
lux u ri ous ly* 
un will ing ly 
dis eord ant ly 
un im p5rt' anctf 
un change' a bl^ ness 
un like U \\^ 



North 
YSl' low 
White 

Golte. 

B8th' ni a 
Cal i f Sr' ni a 
Ftn' land 
Gen' a 
Mexi eo 
P^r sfan* 
St Lfttt/ rence 
Sram 
Tar' an to 
V8nic« 

Cluuuielfl. 

BTl(/i8h 

Bristol 

St. G«5r^'«'« 



\ 





88 


TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 






SECTION XXX. 




• 




Defininq bt Phrases 


. 




astray 


out of the right way. 


Ottfet of Europe. 




await 


to wait for. 


Ath'en$ 




be siege 


to lay siege to. 


BSi^ttn' 




be w&re 


to be cautious. 


Bar deaux'* 




Sha grin 


state of ill-humor. 


Br&^ seU 




! eos tume' 


manner of dress. 


€a diz 




dis grace 


state of shame. 


jCra^ow 




ex c8pt 


to take out 


C5rk 




ex treme 


the utmost limit. 


Dftb' lin 




forth wtth 


without delay. 


Dres den 




suf fice^ 


to be enough. 


Ed' in burg 




1 w6U'-br6d 


polite in manners. 


Glas ^ptu) 




1 basis 


the foundation. 


Hmi ver 




j bSv y 


a flock of birds. 


Ham burg 




! bra z«n 


made of brass. 


Lon don 




I €laim ant 


one who clwrns. 


Lt$ bon 




^arth' en 


made of earth. 


Liv' erpool 




fut flre«> 


time to come. 


Ly on$ 
Mad rid 




gutter 


passage for water. 




18ng ing 


earnest desire. 


Mds eotif 




que rist^ 


•ne who inquires. 


Naples 




qu^r ry 


a stone mine or pit. 


par is, ort 




j r6p tile 


a creeping animal. 


. Prague 




ship wreck 


loss of a sMp. 


liome 




spongy 


soft and porous. 


Rou' eu, or J 




tr«o»ur^ 


wealth laid up. 


Si5ck hohn 




ves per 


the evening star. 


gt. Pe' ter$ bu 




up land 


high land. 


Tom' lon, or § 




wick et 


a small gate. 


VSn ice 




war like 


adapted to war. 


Vi 5n' na 




wftrd robe 


a plaoe for apparel 
a night-guard. 


Ve ro na 




w^h'man 


WV ^m 




war ffire 


service in war. 


Wit ten bSrg 


i' worth J 
1/ h&lm 


having merit, 
rudder of a doip. 


♦ B«r d5' t Pi ree' 



TOWirS SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



89 



as pire 
ab 9dlud 
arrive 
assSnt 
an nex 
be set 
be take 
de j^ 
de eant 
e mit 
ex soind 
e rase 
ex elatm 
ex p3 
ef ffioe 
re ISpstf 
re cede 



-Terlw.- 



in jeetr 
se leet 
in s^rt 
affix 
de duoe 
de v51v« 
de traet 
disbtlrstf 
ex SnifH 
expon^ 
inflkt 
re v6rt 
re dr^ 
re $drT« 
re 8t5re 
re eline 
yre cede 
se elade 
Benrffe 



to idm at. 
to cut off. 
to come to. 
to agree to. 
to join to. 
to hem in. 
to resort to. 
to cast down, 
topoor oSl 
to send oat 
to cat off. 
to blot oat 
to cry oat 
to dnve out 
to blot out 
to slide back, 
to move back. 



WontooT 

Iftv' ish 
pa tient^ 
pfib lie 
sum mer 
sim pie 
81 lent 
slfick en 
upper 
WIS dom 
ze nith 
ad Y&aeef 
a dBpt 
a bove 
afore 
af ftrm 
be fore 
de grade 



to cast in. 
to pick out. 
to set in. 
to fix to. 
to draw from, 
to roll down, 
to take from, 
to pay out. 
to free from, 
to blot out 
to lay on. 
to turn back, 
to set right, 
to keep back, 
to give back, 
to lean back, 
to go before, 
to shut out. 
to struggle with. 



direct" 
di vSr^e 
dis sSnt 
encamp 
in dace 
in crease 
inhale 
in spire 
di vine 
pro fane 
as cSnd 
arrive 
in v81v« 
in elude 
a bridge 
en list 
Km' pid 
tor nd 



Mraoing. 

fra'gal 
fr6t ful 
pri vate 
wYn ter 
com plex 
noi $y 
qutcic en^ 
un der 
folly 
nfidir 
re treat/ 
re j^ct 
heldw 
abaft 
de nv 
be hind 
ex j^It 



in vftrs^ 
eon vSrge 
con sSnt 
de camp 
e duoe 
d^ ereose 
ex hSle 
ex pire 
hu' man 
sacred 
de scSnd' 
8e part 
e \h\ve 
ex elude 
en large 
dis b&nd 
tfti'bid 
friffeid ^ 



90 


TOWN^S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 




Yor*- ** *-■* 


Words of opTf^*** ^ 


abseSnd' 


to hide from. 


Sb' sent 


pr& 


as pArse 


to cast censure. 


cheer fill 


sol 


eon v51v« 


to roll together. 


cSn ter 


slir 


eon v5ke 


to call together. 


dam a^ 


pr6] 


de rive 


to 4ediiee$ to draw fren. 


doub \e 


sW 


en twine 


to twist around. 


eld est 


you 


im bibe 


to drink in. 


free dom 


slav 


im ptn|;« 


to dash against. 


f6r mer 


l&t 


pro pel 


to drive forward. 


feelibg 


nun 


rebuff 


to beat back. 


hltiier 


^t 


sub seribe 


to write under. 


h5me ly 


han 


prdii'trate 


to lay or M flat 


holy 


sin ] 


ef fu$e' 


to pour out. 


hffly 


lev 


eiftlt 


to lift high. 


im port 


ex J 


ex Set 


to demand. 


inlet 


out 


ex peet 


to look for. 


tn ebme 


out 


extrude 


to thrust out. 


mi $er 


spSr 


bWb' ber 


fat of whales. 


mSf ter 


spW 


edf fer 


a money-chest. 


ma jor 


mi 1 


duel 




ntm hie 


emi 


ex else' 


duty on home goods. 


o pm 


elo$ 


grSv'el 


coarse Band. 


lovely 


hat( 


irlim mer 


a faint light. 


ti^At en 


loos 


idol 


a heathen god. 


blfick^ 


whil 


¥m post 


a duty on goods. 


quick «n® 


Mc 


monsoont^ 


periodical winds. 


fftll en 


mi 


sV phon*^ 


a bent tube or pipe. 


sh5rt en 


leng 


sktr mish 


a slight fight 


stSp page 


pas 


tftlon 


a bill's claw. 


skit tish 


gen 


distfnetf 


different from. 


trflly 


fftlsi 


era vat 


a neck-cloth. 


alike' 


un ] 


ex tant 


now in being. 


im prSss' 


exi 


81' ky 


a narrow way. 


In' gress 


^g 


sSqnel® 


a succeeding part 


in jget/ 


ej^ 


/ mis dMte' 


a wrong date. 


Jn' ward 


outf 


m'ber 


a clumsy fellow. 


i^T ^^T^ 


\i^^ 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEE. 


91 


, 


SECTION XXXI. 


ffamm of IbVM. 


^on 


a colored mineral. "^ 


'^us'tin 


«laTe 


a close assembly. 


Xneon 


\ nel 


a small anchor. 


Alfrad 


A 


a defamatory writing, 
a plant used for dyeing. 


Am hent 


der 


BSa ver 


iant 


a jewel at the ear. 


Ghasea 


prim 


a wandering traveler. 


€ourtUuid 


iane« 


a clearing away. 


€St8kin 


ii$m*« y 


a fallacioos argument 


€&rl!M<y 


iiae 


a written discourse. 


Deer' field 


K)iier 


a yessel with two masts. 


Diinktrk 


niftn 


a common man. 


Enfield 


rent 


a rapid stream. 


F&tr field 


tibe' 


a round of business. 


EbhUn 


^e 


a cap of false hair. 


FreeluM 


toon' 


half the files of a company 


. Guilford 


loon' 


a slight woolen stuff. 


Green' bssh 


lorn 


a self-evident truth. 


HoM ton 


nes ty 


a general pardon. 


Had dam 


>ny 


a cafutal crime. 


Mil burn 


rary 


a collection of books. 


HendoB 


tery 


a scheme for prizes. 


MeodvilU 


lual^ 


a small book. 


Or lean* 


;h an ist 


a maker of machines. 


P8»let 


do nyx 


a precious stone. 


P8m fret 


e dent 


a foregoing example. 


Pots dam 


ab ber y 


shrubs in general. 


Platts bnrg 


i mate 


a fitmiliar friend. 


Rum ford 


tinel 


a soldier on guard. 


8w8 den 


I nary 


a tin mine. 


Th»t ford 


fte'eo 


a noxious wind. 


TaitQ ton 


nam bra 


a faint shade. 


TSlIand 


mes tie 


a house servant. 


Wind ham 


na do 


a violent wind. 


Prince ton. ' 


^-mer cer 


a dealer in alka. 


•^^l «»eA. 



92 



TOWN»S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 



/trans fix' 
&m' pu tate 
an ti quate® 
ftu thor ize 
bar bar ize 
eSn cer ate 
ean non adc' 
€0 h&b' it 
eCn" gre gate 
€on' ju gate 
eoan ter Set/ 
(Its' lo eate 
nollify 
pkt se €ate 
pu tre fj 
r&r e fy 
en er gize 



-Verbfc- 



to pierce through, 
to cut off a limb, 
to make obsolete, 
to give authority, 
to render barbarous, 
to become cancerous, 
to attack with cannon, 
to dwell togetlier. 
to collect togedier. 
to inflect a verb.' 
to act contrary to. 
to put out of joint, 
to render void, 
to pursue with malice, 
to make putrid, 
to make thin, 
to give energy to. 



Names of BlTen. 

Bl^k 

Clinch 

Clark's 

D&i 

Duck 

FUnt 

Fox 

Green 

Jame$ 

Neuse 

Trgnt 

Pftarl 

R&i 

Rock 

Sftlt 

Tar 



/ 



ex etir pate 

in ear nate 

llf 1 gate 

ree ti fy 

sim pli fy 

tyr an nize 

v6r si fy 

vtt ri fy 

viv i fy 

leg is late 

tirans fig' flre^ 

ttltl u rate« 

im ip&o! nel 

em bow er 

n5m' i nate 

in te grate 

in ter line' 
in iro duce 
in tro virt 



to clear from fault White 

to clotiie with flesh. Y5rk 

to contest by law. Ya loo' 

to make right. Htla son 

to make pkin. Mo hft«»k 

to act the tyrant 6n ionP 

to make verses. S|^ €o 

to turn to glass. Xsh l«y 

to make alive. Coop er 

to enact Jaws. Tftd kin 

to change the form. Sa bine' 

to reduce to dust. San tee 

to enroll a jury. Pe dee 

to shelter with trees. Mo bile 

to propose by name. Mum me< 

to make entire. Hu' itm 

to write between. Wji bash 

to bring into notice. O h7 o 

to turn mw«t^. '^ ^ae^^ 



TOWirS SPELLEK AHD DSFINEH. 



93 



ltd' EXQJi^ leave to enter, 

iet iv€ 
i tion*^ 
*e time 
Snd age 
bUh op 

p tioQ 
ent flre*^ 
gate 
e dote 
ira cite 
Sn' aion^ 
nel ian^ 
bus cade 
^um fu$e' 



act of jommg. 
giving pain* 
a pouring tipcn. 
in time paat. 
an addition, 
a chief biahop. 
a withdrawing- 
act of adopting, 
to try the ohanoes* 
to tie together, 
a short atory. 
a sort of coaL 
act of rising. 
a precious stone, 
a lying in watt 
to spread around. 



imtt' 

I3 BUS 

mTn" gU 
junet' flre*^ 
tra band 
hvt drum 
vi€ tion^ 
ver saut 
rSe' tion 
/ ter pane 
tf al 
tan J 
) ine 
€0 boy 
ro €osm 
ro «o»m 
si eot 
^nt^ urn 



to admit again, 
restraint by force- 
a huge statute, 
to mix together, 
a critloal time, 
illegal ; forbidden* 
a sort of riddle. 
a proving guilty, 
familiar with, 
act of correcting, 
cover of a bed. 
a crjing down, 
excess in eating. 
a female henK 
a kind of snuff. 
the great worldp 
the little world, 
proto%yd of lead, 
by the hnndreA. 



If aowt of Rinr*. 

' Ar kSn' saa 
€a tiiti? ha 
€a h%w ba 
Mis sow ri 
Mua king urn 
Os we ^ 
Oe mlilg ee 
O gee chee 
Pe nSb scot 
Po to mac 
Vpif tttx et 
Pas sE ie 
Pa tUx ent 
St- Lgw renc« 
8a vSn naA 
6a til la 
Sri 5 to 



D^V a ware 
"Gum ber land \ 
Nan ti eoke 
Mer ri mack 
Prov i denca 
Rar i tan 
Sar a n£le' 
Y^r low stone 
Chick o pee 
£orf ga ree' 
Gen e see 
Ten nea see 
Wft ter ee 
n li noid 
Gas eon Sde 
Ken tfick' y 
Tom big bee 
Sati d^ia k^ 



M 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



-mweUMi 



as cer tain' 
in ter r&pt 
A^kl ig natB 
mod u late^ 
he$i tate 
mac er ate 
es ti mate 
ob so lete 
pdr fo rate 
bx ea yato 
radi ato 
tn dieato 
em a nate 
su per y^nef 
in ter vene 
de prS* ci ate'* 
btg ot ry 



to find out 
to break in. 
to point out. 
to rary sounds^ 
to pause in doubt 
to make lean, 
to set value on. 
out of use. 
to bore through, 
to dig out 
to emit rays, 
to point out. 
to issue fimn. 
to come upon, 
to come between, 
to lose in value, 
blind seal. 



Vivli of Anfmals' 



Snk'k 
bo $6m 
bow els 
H how 
eye lid 
fbre head 
^Ottis 

gaZBkvd 

SI let 
"get 
in' step 
kidn^ 
ifcnuck le 
ISr ynz 
liv er 
hars let 



/ 



ftv e nue . 
eon se queno«® 
pSst u late^ 
evlr u lent^ 
lb i ment 
5r tho dox 
pSl li e]e 
form u la*^ 
s&l a ry 
pan ply 
galaxy 
prec i pic« 
per dr tton 
pi men' to 
plum ba go 
mis no mer 
te na ciou^ 
in e&m bent 
im put ing 



entrance to a place, 
what follows, 
an assumed pontion. 
very poisonous, 
soft ointment 
sound in fiuth. 
thin external skin, 
a^venform. 
stated lure or wages, 
full armor, 
the milky way. 
a steep descent 
utter ruin', 
allspice, 
black-lead, 
a misnaming, 
holding fast, 
resting on. 
charing \o. 



mId'riiF 
mem brans 
mus de 
ndstril 
pU ate 
pel vis 
pu {ul 
should er 
stom adi 
tSn don 
ud der 
ar te ry 
eu ti de 
8e 01 put 
€r& m tun 
kaee pan 
bftck bono 
wind {Mpe 



TOWN'S SPELLEB AND DEFINER. 85 

SECTION XXXII. 

▼ wiw . '■' ' »^ 



i' gel ize to instruct in the gospel. 

^t u late^ to reason earnestly with entreaty. 

I i ate to render like for like. 

r ger ate to enlar^ beyond the truth. 

o gize to explam by analogy, 

n i late to mwe or to grow Uke. 

V er ate to affirm po^tively. 

» er ate to labor with others for the same end* 

«t u ate^ to make perpetual or permanent. 

I ta tize to forsake one's profession or faitii. 

o ^e to plead for, or to excuse. 

i tate to make eai^ or eaoer. 

n pli fjT to illustrate by example, 

m ni fy to save lianofess from loss. 

)s si tate to make necessary, 

rie u late^ to admit to membership. 

i' ri ate^ to grow to excess. 

)s o phize^ to reason as a philosopher. 

dSd i tate to eonmder beforehand. 

)e to rate to discharge from tiie lungs. 

5r tal ize to make unmcMrtal or imperishable* 

ri ate to enrage, or to make mad. 

ir a dise to put in a {dace of felicity, 

op o lize to engross or purchase the whole* 

ae ter ize to give character to. 

i ral ize^ to adopt as a native citizen* 

til ize to render or make volatile, 

on al izc^ to make national. ^ 

i nate to produce what is new. 

: Sm' ine to examine a second time, 

tab lish to establish again. 

Ss' ti cate to tame, or to make tame. 

\ u late^ to speak distinctiy. 

ig ni fy to rignify beforehand. 

ypi fy to show before by &^ax^. 



&6 TOWK^S SPELLER AND DKUxSER, 






HaXBH «f TofmL 


eo fioon' 


the silk-worm*s balL 


Bath 1 


ma' troTi 


an elderly lady. 


Eeene 


eSn py 


a coveiing overheaflp 


Lynn 


eom e ay 


a humorous dramatic piece. 


Lyme 


dea pot ism 


absolute power ; tyrumaj. 


!u)me 


hooQ i cide 


a man-8!ayer. 


Troy 


leth ar gj 


morbid drowsiness* 


W&re 


bin na el^ 


a ship's compaas^box. 


WSlIa 


par a gon 


a perfect mcxleL 


York 


pr8f li gate 


extremely vicious. 


mX fast 


pri? i leg^ 


peculiar benefit. 


Bfirton 


in ter ira 


the mean time. 


B^n sOTi 


ob lo quy** 


censorious language. 


Bed ford 


ril di ment 


first principle. 


Clin fam 


Bc^ph iat ry*** 


false reasoning. , 


Cam den 


sjm me trj 


due proportion- 


Can ton 


u $u ryJJ 


unlawful interest- 


Dan by 


gjp' ae ous 


relating to gypsum. 


m^hj 


eu i cide 


self-murder- 


mxici 


pSa ti lence 


an infectious disease. 


Day fam 


ath ]gt' i€ 


strong and vigorous* 


Eas t^n 


ca lor i* 


tlie principle of heat. 


Elk ton 


€0 e val 


of the same age. 


Grot <m 


dra mSt le 


pertaining to the drama. 


Frank lin 


e mo tioa^ 


a moving of the miad. 


Am boy 


TOO m^n turn 


the foree of motion. 


Ashland 


ar mip o tent 


powerful in arms. 


LI ma 


ex pe ri enctf 


practical knowledge. 


Ma con 


pre riSg a tive 


exelusive privilege. 


New ton^ 


no to ri ous 


publicly known. 


Ndrfofl: 


phe nBm e nou 


^ something remarkable. 


New bem?*, 


gawd' i ness 


tinsel appearance. 


Na^ch ez 


pan ra' ma 


a view on all sides. 


Quin c/* 


met a phj^s ics 


the science of mind 


Spar ta 


^ m^i^ ao )e urn 


a magnificent tomb. 


LSn ox 


I§ud' atory 


contam\ng ptavBft. 


m^XLT^ 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



97 



SECTION XXIII. 
-MiaoellaneooB. .^ 



) ta' tion^ 
ra tion 
ra tion 
} ta tion 
u ga tion 
ea tion 
(o pa tion 
sSp tiis 
fi" ctal 
ret'ie 
i phor ie*^ 
3 or ie 

.«r ^y 

p a thy 
s sin ate 
L hi late 



Words oontrasted. 



an explanatory note, 
divine worship, 
an ardent wish, 
official testimony, 
act of subdmng. 
the act of choking, 
contraction of a word, 
opposing putrefaction, 
made by art. 
pertaining to theory, 
expressing similitude, 
pertaining to meteors, 
a discourse on flowers, 
natural aversion, 
to murder secretly, 
to reduce to nothing'. 



huf 
boy 



best 

black 

bono 

€00l 

€old 

e6m« 

€oarse 

cheap 

day 

dry 

east 

far 

f&fr 



sOl 

gfrl 

etrse 

w6rst 

white 

flSsh 

wftrm 

hSt 

fine 

dear 

mffht 

w6t 

west 

near 

foul 



v' er ate 
Iri ty 
in ni al 
ie ty 
m ni ty 

lify 

met ri eal 
m y mous 
eu ri al 
n thro py 
ril i ty 
it o ry 
e a ry 
i a ry^ 
3 type 
u la tive?*^ 
30 ra ry 
per a ment 
ir a bound' 



»40 



to affirm positively. 
a state of safety, 
once in six years, 
habitual temperance, 
steady seriousness, 
to make solid, 
proportional in its parts, 
the same in meaning, 
relating to mercury, 
hatred of mankind, 
low, abusive language, 
an assembly of helurers. 
a bathing-room, 
art of carving images, 
fixed, immovable type, 
tending to ex<Hte. 
continuing for a time, 
constitution of body. 
to be very abundatvl. 



fat 

fjlls^ 

first 

find 

friSnd 

gr^at 

gWd 

hard 



lean 

trfie 

last 

lo$e 

foe 

smftll 

bftd 



beiffht 
hill 


ik 


in 


out 


16ng 

loss 

Idve 


grief 
short 
gain 
hate 


laugh« 


«ry 
sold 



^^ ^S&iA 



X 



100 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 



SECTION XXXIV. 
Christiait Names of Men. 



€arl 

Charl«f 

€lark 

Dwlght 

Flovd 

Fr&'nk 

George 

Giles 

Hugh 

James 

Job 

JOAn 

L/oyd 

Luke 

Mark 

Miles 

Park 

Paul 

Piatt 

Rftlph" 

Seth 

Ward 



Ib'ner 
Hbert 
llfred 
Alien 
XI vin 
Im brose 
A mos 
In drew*7 
In son 
Ar thar 
A sa 
Xsh er 
Aus tin 
Be la 
Buel 
Bat ler 
€aleb 
€ftl vin 
Cecil 
Ch«8 ter 
Cl&r encc 
€16m ent 



€lln' ton 
Cy rns 
Dftn ieiw 
Dftr win 
David 
Delos' 
DSn' nis 
De Witt' 
Dex' ter 
£b en 
£dgar 
fid round 
fid ward 
fid win 
E iam 
B no€h 
fir win 
£ugene'*o 
tz' ra 
Felix 

F&i tU8 

Fr&n cis 



Frftnk' lin 
Gilbert 
Har Ion; 
Har vey 
He man 
Henry 
H$r man 
Hiram 
Ho mer 
Hdrace 
How ell 
i ra 
i saa€ 
Ja bez 
Ja €ob 
Ja red 
Ja son 
Jas per 
Je rome' 
JQ»' se 
Joel 
Jo nas 



Jo' seph*® 
Jo tham 
J&dson 
Jal ins® 
L£on ard 
Le vi 
Lew is^ 
Li nns ^ 
L6 ren 
Lou is 
Lii ciua^ 
La ther 
Ly man 
Mar ens 
Mar tin 
Mel vin 
Mil ton 
Mon roc' 
Mo' ses 
My ron 
Nathan 
Nelson 



ii 



New' ton22 

Nor man 

6r rin 

or son 

or villc 

ds ear 

o tis 

Pat rick 

Pe ter 

Phil ip 

Phi lo 

Quar tus*2 

Reu ben 

Rich vd 

Robert 

Rdl lin 

R5lIo 

Ros eoe 

Ru fus 

Salem 

Sehk 
mour 
Silas 
Simon 



Ste' phens* 

Stew art** 

Sid ney 

The ron 

ThSmas 

Vtrgil 

Waller 

Warren 

Wii lard 

Will iam» 

Willis 

Wilson 

Zenas 
• a' bra ham* 

Xddison 

A l&n son 

A Idn zo 

11' phe us** 

Xmasa 

Xn the ny 

Xr chi bald 

Arte mas 
A sa Ael 
Au gha' tus 



Ben'jamin 
Be ri' ih 
Be thu el 
Chris' topher« 
Da ri' ns 
Eli as 
Eli ha 
ElijaJ^ 
K li sha 
E li znr 
fim' er son 
E phra im*® 
E rft8' tns 
Fred'erick 
GId e on 
6n li an 
Gns ta' vns 
H&n' ni bal 
Har ri son 
Ho ra' tid^ 
Is'rael 
Jefferson 
JehVeV 
J6u' a t\\an 



Josh ii a 
Jo si' kh 
La fag ette' 
L€m'iiel*o 
Lo rCn' zo 
I> san der 
Mi' eha el 
Na than' iel 
Nieh'olas 
61 i ver 
Orlan'do 
Ozias 
Phin' e a8*« 
Sam u el*o 
sen e ea 
Sim e on 
Sdl o mon 
Syl va' nua 
Syl vCs ter 
ThRd' de as 
The o dore 
Tim o thy 



VaP en tine 
Wash ing ton 
Zachary 
Zeb a Ion 
Alex an' der 
Az ariaA 
Cor ne' li as 
Eb en e' zer 
£1 eazer 
Eli|ih'alet«< 
E ze ki el 
Ga ma li el 
Hezeki'aA 
Jed e di' aA 
Jer e mi ail 
liewCllyn^ 
Na pd le oiT 
Ne he mi' aA 
ObadiaA 
PelatiaA 
Thedph'iln^ 
Zaehari'M 



TOWN'S SP£LL£R AND DEFINER. 



101 : 



SECTION XXXV. 
Christian Names of Womkn. 



Inn 


CaHrie 


Flo' ra 


Lnii' III 


6V ive 


Blanche 


C€lia» 


FlOr eno« 


Lib hie 


P^rsis 


Grace 


Char lotte 


Fian ces 


LII lie 


Phe bo 


Jane 


€hld 


G6r trOde 


LI/, zie 


Phtl lis 
POlly 
Prii dence 


Kate 


Clara 


Orft ua^i 


I/» iri 


Rose 


€dra 


HannaA 


LoM ise' 


Rikth 


Del ia» 


Hat tie 


Lot' tie 


R& chel 


ib'bie 


DinaA 


liei en 


Lu cia^JT 


Rhoda 


Ada 


Dura 


IlSfl ter 


Lucy 
Lflla 


Rota 


Md\e 


DSrcas 


Het tie 


Rosie 


AAHW 


idith 


HflldaA 


Mabel 


S&bra 


Ag'nei 


filla - 


Ida 


Map: p^ 


Sally 
sal lie 


Al' ic« 


fillen 


idie 


Mar cia^T 


A my 


£l8i« 


Irene' 


Mar tha 


Sa lome* 


In na 


fim ma 


Jan<!t 


Mary 


Sa'raA 


In ni« 


Ks telle' 


Ja nCtte 


Aiat tie 


StCl la 


In nis 


ts' ther 


JSn'oie 


Mcrab 


Su san 


Birtha 


fit tie 


J&i sie 


Min na 


Su sie 


Be^ sie 


Eu nice?*o 


Judith 


Min nie 


Sib yl 


B^tMJ 


E va 


Jul ia« 


Nan ey 


Ttr zaA 


Biid<ret 


Fan nie 


Jfin ia«> 


N61 lie 


Zll pha*« 


B^ulaA 


Fan ny 


Kit tie 


No ra 


lb' i gaa 


Id' a line 


mh'orkh 


Je rO' 8ha 


Mir' i am 


Am a rll' la 


Id e laide 


Dian'i 


Joan a 


Nar cIs' sa 


An g^e ly^a 
Arabella 


A deP m^ 


Di an tha 


Jo' 80 phino 


phel iu$ 
Pa mel '\i\.^ 


A^lUa 


DOr' thy 


Ju li 6t' 


A nana 


Al mg da 


Dnisll'la 


Ke tu' raA 


Patilina 


Chris ti an a 


Almira 


El' ea nor 


KeziaA 


PVis cll la 


£ llz' a beth 


Alth£a 


Eli'za 


Leo na 


Re hQe ea 


£ van gc line 
Eveli'na 


A mftn da 


El vi ra 


Lo nil na 


RtVtah'e 


A ni«I ia» 


fim' e line 


LoM 'i sa 


Ro sa lind 


Gfior pi an' a 


An toi nette' im i 1y 


Lo v! sa 


Ro sa mond 


Hen ri 6t ta 


ABe'nath 


£8 xaV la 


Lu c«t ta 


Ro set' ta 


Lsabfilla 


AMgttsta 


ATugcnieg 


Lu tin da 


Rox an' a 


Ln vin' i a 


A^M 


fir' e line 


Ln ere tia'^ 


Sellna 


I^ no' ra 


B&Hbara 


Fi del' ia» 


Lfd'ia 
Aiad e line 


S«' vi a 


Lu ci an a^'T 


Beatrice 


oeor^ (rie 


Sophia*« 


Me h€t' a bel 


BelTn'da 


Har ri et 


Margaret 


Sn fan na 


0€ ta vi a 


€ar'oline 


Helc'mi 


Man' a 


Tab' i tha 


Olivia 


€ttth a rin« 


mp'zihah 


Ma ri an' a 


The re' 8a 


Pen€lope 


OectPia» 


Ilan no' ra 


Ma' ri on 


Therina 


So phn» ni a** 


€lartnda 


Im'ojSjene 


Ma til' da 


Try phe na^* 


TheodoPta«« 


Clarissa 


Ircna 


Me lln da 


Try pho 8a*« 


Vie to' ri a 


€drdeHa» 


Is'abel 


Me ll8 sa 


Vi o la 


Vi lef ta 


£k>rf»e)m» 


Jfi a dore ' 


Mi nftr va 


Z^v»v\yi 


N Yc viJ^v^V^ 


Cfn^thiA 


Je mV ma 


Miranda 


Me^w^\J\». 7*^^^\nv'*. 



\ 



102 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEflKEB. 



SECTION XXXVI. 
Defining by Captions. 

The Noun with its oorresponding Adjective. 

In most cases, the papil will know the meaning of the seven 
nouns standing opposite their adjectives. 

The adjectives in the left-hand colnnm of each ooaplet are define* 
by repealing the words at the head of the columns, with the primi 
tive word or phrase in the second column, standing opposite to it 
adjective. Thus, over ^/^rmzc stands ** pertaining or bdonging to"; thei 
formic is defined by saying, *' pertaining to ants J" So dorsal, ^pa 
laining to the hack^ 



Pertaining or belonging to 


Pertaining or 


belonging to 


f 5r' mi€ 


ants 


d5r^ sal 


^AebSck 


ur siD« 


b€&r$ 


natal 


the birth 


fe line 


€&t8 


pe dal 
mm bar 


the foot 


vSe cine 


€0W$ 


the loins 


ea nine' 


d5g$ 


een tral 


the c5n' ter 


vul' pin« 


f 5x' e$ 


p6 lar 


the poles 


VI tal 


life 


S{H nal 


the spine 


mar tial^ 


wftr 


{r5nt al 


rte front 


hoTal 


Aour$ 


vernal 


the spring 
^ cheer 


floral 


flow' er$ 


mi lar 


bgs tial® 


beasts 


mSn tal 


the mind 


pre dal 


prey 


lu nar 


tA^moon 


n? trous 


n? ter 


n^rv ous 


the n6rv6S 


na val 


ships 


na$al 


the nose 


vi nous 


wine 


edstal 


the ribs 


mu ral 


walls 


solar 


the %\xu 


bru mal 


win' t^ 


stSl lar 


^stftrs 


elin ie 


a sick-bed 


dent al 


tAe teeth 


du eal 


a duke 


vS nous 


the veins 


mSn sal 


a ta' We 


ma rine' 


ihee^a 


dotal 


a dow er 


ter rene 


eA^Sarth 


loeal 


a place 


rfl'ral 


the eo&n' tr 


friial«^ 


as6n 


ttn" guaiw 


the tongue 


nseal 


a trSas ur j® 


iS e^ 


thfci^^sfl. 



TOWN'S 


SPELLEB AND DEPINEB. lOS 1 


SECTION XXXVII. 1 


the cttptian with anj Word in the 


aeooad oolamn, snd it 


8 oppoeifee word 
Without 


in the first ool«aiB. 


Thus, Uamdm, with- 
OtvotrtM of Buztipe. 


i' less 


blame 


An^ tri a 


less 


sSnse 


BSden 


less 


Uari 


BariTrii 


less 


«load$ 


Bohemii 


ss 


ife$ 


Ber ^ urn 


less 


&tth 


Den mark 


. less 


friends 


England^^ 


[ess 


ffttdtS 


Fliiiderf 


ess 


fior 


France 


less 


grace 


GSi' ma ay 


less 


g»nt 


Greece 


less 


pelle 


Han' ver 


less 


iope 


Hoi land 


less 
less 


«are 
harm 


Hfin^gaj^y 
Ire land 


ess 


hHp 


Ytaly 


less 


mice 
life 


LSp land 


ss 


Nor way 


ess 


leaves 


Poland 


(83 


ln/w 


Portugal 


less 


noi$^ 


Prflssfa* 


ess 


rSst 


Riisstat 


less 


si^At 


SXx o ny 


; less 


shame 


Seot land 


less 


8taeQ$ 


Spam 


less 


sleep 


SwS' den 


less 


fiSns^ 


Swtt zeir land 


less 


teeth 


Turkey . 


ess 


tear$ 


wae$ 


less 


taste 


Wtrtembnrg 


sss 


8nd 


ft -«>^i ^v c* v«>(k&!^ w^ 



S8 



P7 



\^^ %\A.«t'«&a&^^- 



/ 



104 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



SECTION XXXVIII. 
Repeat the caption at the head of t^e columns with an; 
the second column of the oouplet», an4 it defines its opposi 
the first column. Thus, blackisk, somcAvhat black. 
^ SiMDewhat ■■ ^ „, A little, or a 8ma 



blSck' ish 
eool ish 
dfiskish 
dampish 
f atnt ish 
green ish 
gri^ish 
new ish^ 
old ish 
palish 
round ish 
smftU ish 
sftlt ish 



bl&ck 

eool 

d&sk 

damp 

fatnt 

green 

gray 

new 

old 

pale 

round 

smftU 

Sftlt 



sour' ish 
stck ish 
^dftish 
sweet ish 
w8t tish 
whit ish 

boy ish 
ch3d ish 
€olt ish 
gtrlish 
wplf ish 
fool ish 
mul ish 
f ^p pish 
brdtish 
elown ish 
Arnav ish 
slSt tish 



Like a 



bur let 

riiiet 

glob ule^ 
gran ule^ 
lull ock 
pony 
pulley 
pttppet 
pen nant 
pal let 
peb h\e 
rund let 
ring let 



sour 


rip' pl€ 


stck 


mor sel 


sSft 


sSch el 


sweet 


strSam let 


wSt 


iam6 kin 


white 


duck ling 




leaf let 


boy 


billet 


child 


ham let 


colt 


i8l et 


girl 


p5n iard® 


wolf 


pust ule^ 


fool 


par eel 


mule 


round let 


f5p 
brfite 


tSb let 


tur ret 


«lown 


vial 


Anave 


eifik^l 


slat 


t\v \l\^\?^ 



TOWN'S SPELLEJt AND DEFINER. 


105 j 

i 


Pertaining or r«laUng to 


OooiIfltiDg of, or ooDtaining J 


ce ta' ceous^ 


whale$ 


a' que ous® 


wft' ter 


di tr nsl 


day 


vlt re ous 


glass 


no€ iiir nal 


ni^At 


fer re ous 


1 ron* 


laeh' ry mal 


tears 


seo ri ous 


dr8ss 


sac er d8 tal 


priests 


ptLl ver ous 


dast 1 


tgm' po ral. 


time 


ig ne ous 


fire 


lae te al 


mUk 


fi brous 


fi'bers 


fo rSn' 8i€ 


eourts 


pi lose' 


hkir 


bU' ne al 


a bath 


saline 


Sftlt 


eor nal 


a erown 


me tai' lie 


mgf al 


festiyal 


a feast 


ma te ri al 


mat ter 


lin ar 


a line 


san" guin' e ous^ 


blood 


ma t^r' nal 


a moth er 


w99l' ly 


W99I 


pa ter nal 
bn>' H eal 


a fa ther 


spi nous 
grassy 


thorns 


the Bi bl€ 


grass 


cer e bral 


the brain 


tftrfy 


tiirfs 


€orpo ral 


the b5d' y 


^arth y 


^arth 


^W 16 al 


the eler' gy 




dig it al 


the i\n" ger 


sSr' rate 


a sf^ia 


labial 


^ lips 


glo bous 


a globe 


m er al 


the side 


milky 


mtlk 


pe« to ral 


tA^ brtot 


oval 


aw egg 


gut tur al 


the throat 


spiral 


a serew^ 


hu mer al 


tA« should' er 


gla cious^ 


Tee 


m^ il lar 


thejf^w bone 


ds se ous 


bone 


fern i nin^ 


fe' male$ 


nSb u lous^ 


a eloud 


In fant ine 


tn fants 


u ve ous*^ 


a grape 


ce Igs' tial» 


heav en 


nlv e ous 


snot£^ 


he roie 


he ro6$ 


an nu lar 


a ring 


of fy cmJ 


8f fic€ 


stel late 


a star 


fra tfti' nal 


broth er$ 


tu bu lar 


a tube 


nu mSr ic al 


nttm ber 


rgt i eule 


a nSt 


hi bir nal 


win ter 


cir €u lar 


a cir' e\e 


oph thW mi€*^ 


the eye 


s6r pen tine 


a sSr pent 


pbp' u lar^ 


the peo' pie 


eSp il la ry 


a h&zr 


j sepW ehral 


bu' ri api 


ft IS ccowa?^ 


^JcvX^oAsi. ^ 



V* 



L 



:106 TOWN'S SPELLEB 


AND DEPINER. 






SECTION : 


l^XXIX. 




Repeat the caption With anj^ wor^ 


in die second 


column, and it 


defines its opposite word in the first 


column; thus, 


delusive, havimr 


a tendency to deceive. 


Inr""— 


de in' me 


de cetVe' 


a va7xnt' 


be gdne' 


dis sua sive'^ 


dis suade* 


af99t . 


on foQt 


dif fu'sivtf 


diffuse 


abSd 


inhM 


de prgss ive 


de pr6ss 


adrift 


afloat 


de struct ive 


de stroy 


a side 


a part 


de cep tiv« 


de liide 


afresh 


anew** 


as sua sive?^ 


as suagt^ 


aslope 


a slant 


in c8n sive 


pro voke 


a thwftrt 


a erdss 


pro mo live 


ad vance 


aldft 


onhi^A 


pre vSnt iv« 


pre v6nt 


ado 


b&s'de 


eon sump tive 


eon same 


a shore 


on shore 


re pul sive 


re p61 


adieu 


fare wgir 


il lu siv^ 


mis lead 


a nSn 


qufck' ly 


eon du' civ« 


pro mote' 


a back' 


back' ward 


eor rget ive 


«or rSet 


ahead 


bef5re' 


a ma sive 


amu$e 


ago 


past;gdne 
Hv'ing 


ad van civ« 


ad vance 


alive 


in e8n tive 


in cite 


sSriour 


yel low? 


sub vSr sive 


sub vSrt 


vil lous 


shaggy 


Having power to 


limous 


slim y 


ere a' tive 


ere ate* 


spiny 


th5rn y 


€0 Sr cive 


€0 6rce 


setous 


brfe« ly 


com pr^ss ive 


eom pr6ss 


bridal 


nup tial'* 


ab straet ive 


ab straet 


mat in 


m5rn ing 


pro due tive 


pro duce 


lu cid 


shin ing 


at traeb ive 


at tr&et 


%,m tral 


a>ftth em 


Able to 




tacit 


81 lent 


re tSn' tive 


re tain' 


tepid 


w^rm 


ef feet ive 


ef fget 


eal bus 


hard 


in vent ive 


in vent 


gelid 


eold 


per eep tive 


per ceive 


erim son 


deep-rSd 


eom pul sive 


eom pfe\ 


s^ m\ft 


^W 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINES. 



107 



SECTION XL. 



ne each Word in the 
i^ or can 6e to the 

heard, 
—That may or can be — 

i ble heard 

i h\e bSnt 

\ i We Aime 

i h\e rSod 

a ble let 

pa h\e felt 

a ble 

a bU paid 

a ble h»d 

h a We taught 

1 i ble sold 

ble seen 

1 a ble bent 



first oolnma of each oonplet bj profixing 
word opposite; thus, tfiMEMe, that may or 



a bitf a ble 
a TOid a ble 
ae gSbs i ble 
ad ims 81 ble 
eom press i ble 
€or mpt i ble 
€on eetV a ble 
eon fin a ble 
de riv a ble 
de Sir a ble 
de elin a ble 
de due i ble 
ex eu$ a ble 



-That maj or can be- 



abStf ed 
a Yoid ed 
ap proochetf" 
admftfted 
«om pressed^ 
eorruptf ed 
eon ceived' 
eon fined 
de rived 
de $ired . 
de elTned 
in ferred 
ex eu$ed 



/able 


elgfk 


per cSp' ti ble 


per ceived' 


a able 


blamed 


re $olv a ble 


re $51ved 


ble 


eat? en 


rSf ' ra ga ble 


re fut' ed 


ible 


mSlt ed 


re Mn' gi ble 


re frSet ed 


able 


wad ed 


re vSr si ble 


re vSrsed® 


able 


fined 


re $l8t i ble 


re $W ed 


; a ble 


tast'ed 


re mis si ble 


re mit ted 


a ble 


moved 


re mov a ble 


re moved' 


da ble 


mgnd' ed 


&d- mi ra ble 


ad mired 


[able 


praised 


ap pli ea ble 


ap plied 


able 


ratf ed 


eom' par a ble 


eom p&red 


ira ble 


saved 


gov em a ble 


gov' emed 


Rible 


toiiched® 


par don a ble 


for glv' eto 


able 


tamed 


r8p a ra ble 


re pftired' 


Ekble 


tUled 


rev ea ble 


re e^led 


e able 


traced^a 


ex pli ea ble 


ex piStned 


a ble 


eured 


su per a ble 


ver eom^ 


' a ble 


proved 


ex port/ a ble 


ex pSrt' ed 


jh a. ble 


matched® 


perf€«\;\Ue 











i 



! 108 TOWN'S 

1 i 


SPELLER AND DEFINER. 


! SECTION XLI. 




i Define all the words in the first column, tlms : 


indesti 


call trnt be dtstra*^* 








Cities 


in de strHet' i \Ae 


de stroyed' 


BQ; 


1 in eoia mut a h\e 


ex changed 


Br. 


in eon dSn sa h\e 


eon densed^ 


Ba 


in eon ceiV a h\e 


eon cefved 


Br 


in eon ceal a Vie 


eon ceal ed 


Br 


in eon trol la \Ae 


eon trolled 


€oi 


in eon iSst a ble 


eon tSst' ed 


Ch 


in eon sum a \Ae 


eon sumed' 


€lt 


in eon sol a ble 


eom' fort ed 


Do 


in eor rfipt i ble 


eor rupt' ed 


De 


in de f ea $i h\e 


de feat ed 


Fri 


in ex cit a ble 


ex cit ed 


Ha 


in 6b $6rv a We 


ob served' 


JS( 


ira per cBp ti bU 


per ceived 


Ne 


in ae cSss' i bl^; 


ap proached'^ 


Na 


in eBi' ri ^ ble 


eor rSetf ed 


Ne 


in ev i ta. ble 


a void ed 


Ne 


in nu mer a We 


niim' bered 


Poi 


in Sp pli ea ble 
il lav 1 a We 


ap plied' 


Poi 


W ied 


Pit 


ir rev o ea ble 


re eftUed' 


Ric 


in ex prSss' i ble 


at' tered 


Ru 


in ex plor a ble 


ex plored' 


Sa 


im mSa$' ur a ble** 


m8a$' ured^ 


Spi 


im prae ii ea ble 
in di$ eSm' i ble» 


per formed' 
ai$ cSrned^ 


Tre 


Aw 


in di ^t i ble 


di gSsf ed 


iia 


in di vi$ i ble 


di vid ed 


Loi 


in dis' pu ta ble 


dis put ed 


Ne 


in dis pSn' sa ble 
ir re $i8t i ble 


spared 


€ai 


re $!af ed 


Mii 


ir rSp' a ra ble 


re p&ired 


MS 


f la dis 80 Ju ble 


d\$ i5\veaL 


Me 



TOWN'S SPELLEB AND D£FIN£B. 



109 



SECTION XLII. i 

The first part of each word, in the first column^ has the same I 
meaning as the word opposite in the second column ; therefore, re- 1 
peadng the word or words standing at the head of the couplets, with I 
whatever stands in the second column opposite each succeeding word, ; 
defines each word in the first column. Thus, Bearing heads the first | 
column ; then, to define armigeroua^ say, bearing arms ; fructiferouMy \ 
bearing fnat. 



-Bearing— 

ar mlg^ er ous 
«ni elf er -ous 
fru€ tif er ous 
glaa dif er ous 
la nig er ous 
nu cif er ous 
pal mif er ous 



arm$ 



frflit 
a' €om$ 
W09I 
ntits 
paZm$ 



-Prododog- 

ftu rif er ous 
eal cif er ous 
eoii«h if er ous 
«ul mif er ous 
fo lif er ous 
gem mif er ous 
mor tif er ous 



gold 

lime 

8hSll$ 

stjiZks 

leaves I 

buds 

death 



gqua mig' er ous® 
prA ntf er ous 

Producing 

cer fl lif ie 
frig rif ie 
sap rif ie 
lu cir er ous 
bulb if er ous 
som nif er ous 
bae cif er ous 
f Sr rlf er ous 
mel lif er ous 
po mif er ous 
flo rif er ous 
IftM rif er ous 
ASrb ff er ous 
OS sif er ous 
om nif er ous 
sem in If- er ous 



seales 
plums 

blue 
eold 
taste 
li^At 
bulbs 
sleep 
bgr' ne$ 
1 ron^ 
Hon ey 
Sp pl^ 
flow erS 
IflM rel 
Aerbs 
bones . 
all kinds 
seed 



nu bif' er ous 
vip a rous 
plum bif er ous 
ro rif er ous 
spi nif er ous 
sa lif er ous 
ver mip a rous 
pes tif er ous 
ar un dYn' e ous 
sue cff' er ous 
eor ti ctf ' er ous 
sal u tif er ous^ 
so nif er ous 
met al lYf ' er ous 
bed e rif er ous 
nee tar if er ous 
o dor if er ous 
res in if er ous 



elouds 

^ggs 
lead 
dew22 
thorns 

Sftlt 

w6rm$ 
plagwe 
reeds 
sSp 
bark 
health 
sound 
m^t! als 
1 vy 
n6e tar 
o dor 
rSs in 



\ 



|110 TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 


Doctrim w Scienoe of, or a 


Treatise on 


Kinds of Cloth. 


as trSg' ra phj*^ 


8tar$ 


bSr^ ra ean 


€on€h ol gy 


8h»l$ 


ealieo 


den drol o gy 


tree$ 


€an ne quin*^ 


hy drol o gy 


wft'ter 


eas si mere 


eth nol gy 


na tions^ 


€or du ro/ 


fos sil gy 


fSs 8il$ 


dfa per 


me trol o gy 


mSa$ ure$* 


dim i ty 


lien rol o gy 


tM nSrve$ 


huck a back 


psy ehol o gy 


the soul 


tap es try 


phy tol gy^ 


piant$ ^ 


taf fe ta 


phre nol o gy** 


the bram 


ban d&i- na 


en to mSr o gy 


Xvl se^ts 


boto ba ziW 


et y mol o gy 


der i va' tion$'^ 


al a mode 


gal van ol o gy 


gar van ism 


ForfifieatioiM. 


gen e al o gy 


gen er a' tions'* 


bar ri eSde' 


her pe tol o gy 


rSp' tne$ 


pal i sade 


ieh thy ol o gy 


fishes 


in trench' ment 


min er ftl' o gy 


mtn' er al$ 


h^r! is son 


or ni thol o gy 


birds 


gar ri son 


OS te ol gy 


bon^ 


par a pet 


lex i €ol gy 


w6rds 


Weapons. 


pyr e tol gy 


fe' vers 


blftn' der buss 


u ran ol o gy^ 


h^av ens 


bay net 


ver me ol o gy 


w6rms 


d&m ask in 


me te or 51' o gy 


;;me'teors and atmos- cim e ter 


ilphSr^ie phenSm'ena 


jave* lin 


phar ma €81' gy 


phaf ma cy** 


ra^ pi er 


id e ol gy 


i de' as 


bow »e-*nife 


geWogy 


< strait/ ure and phys'- 
l ie al changes of the ^rth 


SoMlers. 

«6m' pa ny 


The Art of Writing or Engraving on 


rgg i ment 


ehal eSg' ra phy^ 


brass 


sen ti nel 


li thog ra phy 


stone 


€av al ry 


ste log ra phy 


ptr lars 


in fant rv 
dra goon' 


/ xjr log ra phy^ 


wood 


ce rog ra, phy 


wftx 


'^gliS^w^ 



TOWN'S SPELLER 


AND DEFINER. Ill j 

1 




i 


SECTION 


XLIII. 






iving the form of i 


1 


YesMlsMid 


Qnadnipeds. 




ri form 


goat 


MeMUfef. 


bab oon' 




i form 


stftZk 


bush' el 


bidet 




i form 


heart 


b&rrel 


badg'er 




;i form 


€r8ss 


bottle 


bea ver 




? i form 


wSdge 


erfl et 


brSck et 




bi form 


boat 


^ast er 


earn el 




i form 


tooth 


chSl dron 


cas tor 




form 


siooitt 


ftr kin 


eat de 




I i form 


gmnd 


flftg on 


6ham oi$ 




;ui form* 


tongue 


punch eon® 


d8nk ey 




form 


moon 


pig gin 


filly 




form 


^gg 


pi^ch er 


ga zHl^ 




form 


net 


pottle 


gSn'ei 




i form 


shield 


gal Ion 


girSfie" 




i form 


star 


gob let 


hgzf er 




i form 


sick' le 


hog$ head 


jack ftl 




I'll form 


hSir 


keer er 


jaguar'*^ i 




a li form 


pipe 


kSt tie 


16op' ard 




liform^ 


eye 


sftu oer 


mam moth 




i form 


drdss 


skillet 


monk ey 




>i form 


broom 


tank ard 


p&n ther 




ating or feeding oi 


I 


turn bier 


rae eoon' 




lYv' rous 


flSsh 


vial 


rein- deer ^ 




liv o rous 


gram 
Aerb$ 


eu bit 


ze bra 




iv rous 


f &th om. 






V rous 


bone$ 


{ftr long 


of Musto. 




}8ph a gous** 


flgsh 


OanlAgesw 


elftr' i on 




n\v rous 


w6rm$ 


bilg'gy 


flag eo let 




siv rous 


bSr' rie$ 


pha e ton^ 


dul ci mer 




i in iv' rous 


grass 


siilky 


tam bowr 'ine' 




Having 




wag on 


VI lln 




\\^ er 0U8 


horn$ 


stage 


vi S la 




[if er ous - 


elfttt'S 


eoach 


s^i' a phine 




lif er ous 


stgZk$ ^ 


thme 


M eSr' di on 




ni^ er ous 


f 6ath' er« 


A^xgK- 


TClA ?> ^^ ^w ^ 



112 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



The Doctrine ot; or 

' 5p' ti€3 
phy$ i€S^ 
teeh m€3 
eth i€s 
Stat i€S 
po St' i€3 
pho net ics*® 
a eous ties 
bar m5a ies 
sta tist ies 
hj drftwl ies 
p51' i ties 
^no m5n' ie$ 
st?i op ties 
mne mon ies 
ehro mat ies 
mag net ies 



the Science which tremts of 

light 

naf ure^ 

arts 

moi/ al$ 

bdd' ie$ at rest. 

fS try 

> sounds 

mu' $ie til sounds. 

state di the eoun' try. 

mo' lion of flu' ids. 

gov' ern ment 

dr al ing 

e^m' e ra ob seu' ra 

mSm' o ry 

eol' or$ 

mSg' net i$m * 



Crimefl. 

ar' son 
as sftult' 
bfirg' la ry 
btg a my 
cheat ing 
ex t5r' tion^ 
gam' ing 
gSm bling 
trea $on 
lar ce ny 
mur der 
maim ing 
V^f ju ry 
poi Son ing 
rSb ber y 
pT racy 
f org er y 



hy dro st&f ies wfii^At of flu' ids. 

pnen maf ies Sdr 

me ehan ies ma 5hin^' 

b5t' a ny plants 

as tr6n' o my stars 

a nato my dis sSe' tion"^ 

a rith me tie niim' bers 

eal is thSn' ies health' ful Sx' er cise. 

.1 . . Cniim' ber 

math e mat ies < , / a: i. © 
iand qu^n ti ty.® 

met a phys ies*^ mind 

pyr o teeh niea fire' wdrks 



Science of refracted, or reflected 

ea t5p' tries 
di op tries 
di a eous' ties 
eai a eoua ties kounds 
eal; a pbOn ies j 



\\ight 



£€a6 a €01 
eat a phi 



Lakes. 

Su pg' ri or 
Mteh' i gan 
On ta' ri 
B' vie 
Hn ron 

Ldng'-Lake 
€a yu' ga 
SSn' e ea 
ne? da 
O wfs eo 
Cham plam' 
Moose' head 
Um ba' gog 
Win ne ba go 

Ge ne' va 



TOWN»S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 



1131 



SECTION XLIV. 

An Instrument for Measuring ^^^ 

m6m! e ter t6m' per a ture 
vfQiffht of fiir. 
gr&v' i ty of Hq' uid$. 
den' si ty of fiir. 
pu' ri ty of fiir. 
851' id an" g\e$. 
e lee trW i ty 
force of wind, 
bulk of gSs' e$. 
skiiI1$ 
heat 
881' ids 
gSs' e$ 
rain 
iT^At 
de gree$' of heat. 



)m e ter 
rom e ter 
lom e ter 
i 5m' e ter*^ 
i om e ter 
; trom e ter 
nom e ter 
om e ter 
li om e ter 
rim e ter 
e om e ter 
5m' e ter 
rom e ter 
;om e ter*^ 
)m e ter 



-Pertaining to- 



^W ciaF 
ni al 
) €hi al 
Ic in al 
lareh ie al 
erSt' le al 
lyt ie al 



a. pr5v' ince 
a c5r ny 
a p&i^ ish 
mSd' i cin« 
m5n' areh y 
de m5€' ra cy 
a n&l' y sis 



mment of a State or Kingdom by 



)€ 



ra cy 
iO€ ra cy 
>€ ra cy 
toe ra cy 
t5€' ra cy 
ri areh y 
areh y 
ar €hy 
;ar ehy 
areb jr j 



on«$ I 

peo' pie 

G5d 

sol' dier y^ 

n3 h\e$ 

fa' tiiierS 

one mSn^ 

fe' male 

few per' son$.^ 

s5v' en pei/ soii$. 



OiBoen. 

M' mi ral 
fiu to «rat 
aid de eamp 
cm per or 
com mo dore 
eon sta h\e 
€5r ner 
eor po ral 
chSn eel lor 
gov em or 
gSn er al 
mag is trate 
no ta ry 
prS$ i dent 
sur ro gate 
lieu tSn' ant 



man da rin' 
brig a dier 

Quadrupeds. 

iin' te lope 
buf fa lo 
eat a mount 
el e phant*^ 
11 on ess 
mSs to don 
u ni eorn^ 
mo ndc' e ros 
rAi noc e ros 
bu c5ph a lus*® 
drom' e da ry 

Plants. 

dSn' de li on 
eo ri Sn' der 
el e eam pane' ^ 





114 TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 








SECTION XLV. 








Treattfle on Puts and Appendages 




' €0$ m^g' ra phy^ 


M^wdrld of Building.. 




ge og ra phy 


tJie garth 


bolt 




hy drog ra phy 


wft' ter$ 


door 




my og ra phy 


mus' cle$ 


eaye$ 




see nog ra pky 


jpSr sp8c' tive 
Iscen* ery 


floor 
flue 




to pog ra phy 


a par tic' n lar place 


hftU 




bi 5g ra phy 


one's life® 


he&rth 




zo ol o gy 


W i mal$ 


-jSmi 




u ran Sg' ra phy*^ 


hSav' em 




sel e nog ra phy 


moon 


l&toh 




bib li og ra phy 


b9oks 


lock 




ehro nSg' ra phy 


time past 


roof 




gas trol gy 


stom' aeh 


8&8h 




pho nog ra phy 


sounds 


Bt&tri 




phy tol gy 


pl&ts 


Bhaf 




the 8r ^ 


di vtn' i ty 


stnk 




pyr i t5l' o gy 


)y r? tes 
leat 


wftU 




py rCr gy 


ba'fry 




pa le Sr gy 


an tYq' ui tie$J 


chim nej 




The act «r 


eel lar 




eho r8^ ra phy** 


mSp' ping 


€ol nnm 




ehi rog ra phy 


«^ritf ing 

€or rSeF sp8B' ing 


€5r nice 




or thog ra phy 


elSiet . 




ty pog ra phy 


prtnt/ ing 


panel 
pSr lor 










phra $e 81' o gy 


mode of speech. 


terrace 




my thSl' gy 


a s^s' tem of fa' ble$. 


win dour 




• 
phi lol gy 


the sc7 ence of 
ISLn" guage.* 


pan try 
€u' po la 
gSl ler y 






the science of the or- 


■t 


phy$ i 81' gy 


gan i za' tion of an' i mall 
or plants. 


cup i6ard^ 


1 pby$ i og no my 


(the art o? A\*c%Tti\\i^V5cka ^Vi&^^atfi 
: of the tmnd. tcorn >i)^^ ^^^^. 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 115 

PART III. 

AN INTRODUCTION TO "TOWN'S ANALYSIS/' 



SUGGESTIONS TO TEACHERS. 

No scholar can be said to have accomplished anything 
valuable for himself, till he thoroughly understands what 
he studies, and perceives the application. It is therefore 
hoped that teachers will not fail to question their pupils on 
the introductory part of each Table, and to explain to 
them eveiry particular. Although this part of the work is 
Very much simplified, and brought down, as it is thought, 
entirely to the capacities of children, yet much, very! 
much, depends on the oral instruction of the living 
teacher. 

In the first place, the definitions, and examples, at the 
'head of each table, with such Rules for Spelling as are 
referred to, must be distinctly learned as they occur. In 
tiiese, the class must be exercised, till each pupil under- 
stands them perfectly. When this is accomplished, let 
the teacher give such number of words for the class to 
spell, as they can learn virell, with their definitions, — not 
so to be learned one day, that they may be forgotten the 
next, but to be learned for life. When the scholar has 
spelled the primitive word, and defined it, let the teacher 
pronounce the same word with what is to be joined to k, 
and require the pupil to spell and define it thus modified ; 
and, lastly, to tell the part of speech to which it belongs. 
Let the same course be uniformly pursued with every new 
„ ialhle under the following sections. 



;116 TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 



After the scholars become familiar in answering 
questions, as proposed by the teacher, let him give oal 
the primitive word, and require his pupils to go throu^ 
the whole process alone. In this way, three or six months 
will be likely to accomplish the work of years. Words, 
language, and signification will become equally familiar. 
IThe prefixes and suffixes, component parts of so many 
thousand words, will be learned for the entire languitge, 
and for life. 

In the First and Second Parts, the scholar acquires a 
knowledge of primitive words, and in the Third, rules and 
examples for forming and defining their compound and 
derivative formations. 

In the following tables, no more words are given than 

I were thought necessary to exemplify the mode of defining. 

The teacher, however, can exercise the pupils on words of 

j his own selection to any extent he chooses. 

The words, found in the tables, have been taken with- 
out any reference to repetition, for the special purpose of 
showing the most obvious effect of the prefixes and sufikee 
in varying their signification. 

If these short tabular exercises, with their prefixes and 
suffixes, are thoroughly Inastered, the pupil will acquire 
the ability of defining something like twenty thousand 
words of the language, as a reward for his labor. 



£ 



\ 



TOWN'S SPILLEB AND DEFINES. 117 



SECTION L 

RULES FOR SPELLING DERIYATIVB WOR1>8. 

E 1. Final e must be dropped before the addition 
ifRx beginning with a vatoel; aa^ 

i* Force Chow GI6b« 

able Fore' ible Chd§' en Gldb^iZe^o 

EPTiONS. Words ending in ce or ge, when they take 
ix able or oitSj and verbs ending with ee, oe^ and a few 
erminations in e, retain the final e ; as, 

€ottr'ag< ' Hie Dye 

' a ble Cottr'a' geoas Hie' ing Dye' ing 

re A gree' Hoe Sln^ 

;e' a ble A gree* ing Hoe' ing Singe' ing 

The word practice drops e in accordance with the raid ; and 
ords ending in ee, le, oe^ye^ or ge when they take the saffix ed or 
le, when it takes the suffix ing, must be changed into y ; as, 
tice Tic Dye Vie 

ti €a ble Tied • Dy' er Vy' ing 

Shoe Singe Lie 

T Sho' er Slngerf ly' ing 

E 2. Final e is retained before the addition of a suf- 
inning with a consonant ; as, 

Hope Base Q&me 

' ly Hope' ful Base' ness Game' ster 

Blithe Noise Safe 

roent Blithe' sdme Noise' less Safe' ty 

JEPTIONS. The following words do not retain the 

Trifte Loathe L6dge 

x\ Trft' ly Loath' ful L6dg' ment 

ess Whole I^ath' s6me Xr' gue 

Whol' ly Jttdge Xr' gu ment j 

y A bridg' ment Jtldg' ment , Ae kuQwl' edg ment 

,E 3.. Words ending in y preceded by a consonant 
\ the y into i before an additional termination ; as, 
Fu' ry MCr' n^ De ny' 



J'l? 



Fu' n ous Mfir' n ment De nied' 

cy Sttld' y Ho' l.y Com ply' 

cV ful Stttd' lei Ho' li er Com pU' ance 

le words exemplifying the Rules and their Exceptions under this Section, 
■e italicised merely to attract tpecial attention to the letters or syllables 
to { and hence they must not be regarded, in all cases, as silent or ua- 
!n the proaundatiaa ot the words, as In other pUto ot \2bA>My^. 



i 



118 TOWN*S SPELLSB AND DEFINES. 



Exception 1. Before the suffix atu, y is soi 
changed inte « > as, 

Du'ty Beau'^ Pit'y P16n' 

Du' te ous Beaa te ous Pit' e one FlSn' 

ExcEPTiOK 2. J' remains unchanged before the t 
tions in^j ishy ismy % and in some of the derivatives 
thy J and sly ; as. 



Tiy 


To'ry 


Dry 


Sh^ 


Tiy'ing 


To'rtfism 
La'<^ 


Dif'ly 


Shy'r 


Ba'by 


Diy'ness 


Sly 


Ba'byish 


La' dy'i 


Ma' ly'i 


Sly'lj 



Rule 4. When final y is preceded by a vowel in tl 
syllable, it remains unchanged before an additiona 
I nation; as, 

j Boy Delay* Annoy' Mdn' . 

i Boy' ish Do layed' An noy' ance Mon' i 

j Joy De stroy' Re pay' At t6r 

I Joy' ous De stroy' er Re pay' nient At tor 

i ExcKPTiONS. The words day, lay ^ pay ^ say, slay^ ? 
(to remain) change y into t iu a few of their derivative 

' D&v Lay Pay Say Slay 

Dai'ly Laid Paid SaVd* Slatn 

NoTB. A few words drop final y before the suffix ist or ize; a 
others ending in^y drop y and take action or active; as, 

B6t''any H*ar' mo ny Pu'trefy €ftl e ^ 

BSt'anjwrf Har'montz* Pu tre f«€' <i<mi^ €al e fd 

Eu' lo py*^ Sym' pa thy Sftt' is fy Siii' pe 

£u' lo gut Sj^m' pa thus Sat is fSe' lion Stu pe I 

I Rule 5. Monosyllables, and words accented on 
I syllable, ending with a single eonsimcmi preceded by 
: vowel, dotjMe that consonant before the addition of 
i beginning with a vowel ; as, 

I Rd6 
i R66' ItQT 
TV6(j 

j Fttn 
J Fan' ny 

I m 

I I mi' ten 



Bid 


Snfip 


Reb€/' 


BlcTcfen 


Sn&p' tnsh 


Re be//' 


PI< 


Sttr 


Re mli' 


Ptt' fance 


Stt/Tcd 


Re m\V 


Sktm 


Smttf 


Be p^In' 


Skim' mer 


Smttf' fy 


Be gin' 


Knd/ 


Sv'^n 


De mfir 


Kntk' «y 


&p\n* n\Ti!S^ 


\i^w\^ 



TOWiTS «»ELLEB AND DEHNIS. 119 



£xcBPTiONS. When the aecent of the primitiTe word is 
dialled in the deriTati?ey the final eonsooant is not doubled ; 
as, 

£90 f^ Tn4^ DefV In IV 

€OD'ferflDce Px«ferable Def er fo' tiaF In fer €11' tsaP 

Rule 6. Words ending with a single consonant preceded 
by a digraph or diphthong, and words not accented on the last 
syllable, and those also mH ending with a single consonant, do 
not double the final consonant, when a sufl^ beginning with a 
vowel is added ; as, 

mi Brown Trftv'e/ MiH/ 

Sfti/'or Brown' iah Tr&v'e/er M^l/'ine 

€oa oesP Be eloaeP Sim' i lar Ke eon/' 

€oa cetUf ing Be ^lood' ed 8im i Iftr' i tj Re corrf' er | 

Exception 1. Some words, without regard to accent, 
double the final consonant, principally because it is doubled in 
the languages from which the words are derived ; as, 

Cftn'ce; Crys'ta/ Ex cS^' Trftn'qniA*^ ^ 

€an cei &' tion''' €ryi»' ta/ fize fix'ce//ence Trun qui/' fi ty | 

^xoBPnoN 2. If one letter of the digraph is dropped 
when a suffix is added, the final consonant is sometimes doub- 
led ; as, fai7, f &/' fi ble ; appeal, ap p^'/ant 

Rule 7. Words ending in er or or sometimes drop the e 
or o before a suffix beginning with a vov}€l; as, 

1*1' ger Re in($m' ber le' tor Ad min is tra' tor 

Ti' gress Re mSm' brance le' tresB Ad min is tra' Xrix 

Rule 8. Words ending in ^ drop le before the suffix fy ; 
but, when they take the suffix ity, the e only is dropped, and 
an t is inserted between the h and //as, 

Httm'hfe Fee'W« a bl« No' bk 

I Httm'Wy Fee'Wy ibrl'ity No bll' i ty 

Rule 9. When the suffix ion or ive is added to words 
ending in d, ade, ide, ode, ude^ vert, and a few in ent, the final j 
d,de, or t is changed to « ; as, 

I>e scSnrf' De ckfe' Con «Iucfe' Dis sdnt' 

De seen' sion*^ De cU ion^ Con clu' #ionW Dis sCn sion"^ 
In va^ Ex plix/e' Di v6rt' lu ^Xwief K 



120 TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



Rule 10. Words ending in cde drop te before the 
hUy cy, or ry ; and those ending in ant or ent drop t befc 
or cy ; as, 

Itsf ti ma2e Lit' er ate fn' stant €dn' s 

£8' ti ma A/0 Lit' er a r^ fn' stance Cdn' s 

In' tri €af« Xr' bi trate Ab' sen/ Flu' ei 

In' tri ea cy 'kr* bi tra ry lb' senee Flu' ei 

Rule 11. Words ending in tcrihe change he into/> I 
the suffix lion or tive ; as, 

As €n6e' In seriV De scri&e' Pro 8€ri6< 

As €r^' tion''* In serip' tion"'' • De 8erI/>' tive Pro serl/? 

Rule 1 2. Words ending in Bohe or vohe change vi 
u before the suffix tion and some others ; as, 

DissOl?^ Absdioc' In vdlee' Con v5itx 

Dis so 1m' tion"^ Ab sdl' u to ry*o In vo !»' tion'* €dn' vo ] 

Rule 13. Words ending with a double letter prese: 
double in all their derivatives formed either by prefix 
suffixes ; as, 

Rebtt/f-' 

Mis spdUf 

Exceptions. Words ending in U when they take a 
beginning with /, and some irregular derivations from 
ending in U or ss, and also the derivatives of the word p 
and some others, drop one of the double letters ; as, 

HI// Shm B16m POn'ti^ 

Hl/'ly Shfi/t Bl&t Pontlfi. 

TO/ WI// Nil// Ponti/>i^ 

Un tl/' Wt/t An ntt/' An ntU' m 

Rule 14. Compound words are generally spelled lik 
simple words of which they are composed ; as, foe'- 
horse'-shoe, mlll'-dam. 

Exceptions. Full, when unaccented, or when used m 
as a suffix, miss (to err), when used as a prefix, and 
other simple words ending in //, when they form permj 
compounds, drop one of the double letters ; as. 
Fa// Full Miss Wm jJl Bu// 



See 


Dttff 


Free 


Foresee' 


Dti//'nes8 


Fve^ 


Grow 


Mtt# 


Gla» 


£n gross 


Mt\^'le88 


Glasj 



TOWirS SPELLER AND DEVIKSB. 121 



SECTION II. 

THE SUFFIXES I>EFIN8]» AND tOOClS^JiUfUaX 

A BOOT is a primitive or fdmple woqrd, fiom wliich deriTadve 
words «re formed by means of suffixes and prefixes ; as, JHtif in 
/HUness. 

A SUFFIX is a letter, sellable, or word added or annexed to a 
root or prmUive word, in the jfermation of derwaJtwei; as, less in 
frait' less, fd in fniit'^. 

At tlie commencement of every Table under tins Section and the 

following, the teacher is expected to make all necessary explana- 

1 tioiis, aM to propose as man^jr questions as are needful to fisttniUar- 

[ise eadi scholar m his class with the ms6»m§ and appticmtiom of tiie 

given suffixes or prefixes. 

One example or more is given at the head of each Table, show- 
ing the maiiiier and order of formia^ and defining all the other 
words in the lesson. The 4irder is designated bjr figures ; and the 
scholars mast suj^ly the meaning of each dervoaiwe w(n*d in tibe 
toMe^ ia acoordance with the iUustradve example or examples. 

As the noun, adjective, verb, adverb, and participle are so fi:e- 
quently referred to in the Mowing tables, we here introduce a 
brief definition and illustration of each one. 

A NOUK is the name of an object or of some abstract qualify of 
it; as, man, ^^sple, eirtue. 

An AMECTiVB is a word joined to a noun or pronoon, to quafify 
or limit - "9 meaning; as, a sweet appld,/i^ men. 

A VBOB is a word by means of which something is affirmed; as, 
men Iwe, birds sing, 1 am hved. 

An ADYESB is a word joined to a veib, an adjectiv^ or another 
adverb, to mo^fy its meaning; as, birds tang sweedy, a very good 
man, he walks ^mds fast 

A PARTICIPLE is a word derived fix)m a verb, and partake^ of 
tbe properties of a verb and an adjective; as, the fiillowing tables, 
cliligently studied, wiU richly repay the pupil for giving them his 
Unwearied attention. 

The suffix or prefix: j when joined wiA a primitive word, and alfio 
'^t^ peculiar ^unification, are printed in italics. 



u 



122 TOWN'S SPELLSB AMD DEFIMEB. 



/ 



The illustrative examples, and ail other words to be spelled 
defined, are divided into syllables, accented, and their pr 
preHnnciation indicated in uie same manner^ as in other par 
the book. 

The fonnation of derivative words by suffixes famishes a pr 
cdl application of the Rules for Spelling ; and references are n 
VBL Mcn table, from the exam^^es illustratbg them. The tea 
mu9t invarvaily require the pupils to show the application of 
Rules or Exceptions referred to. 

For a further explanation of Fart Third, see pages 115 
116. 



TABLE I. 

Thb Suffix Less, Dbfxnbd and Exemplified. 

Less, as a suffix, means wUhoui; destiiuU of; waniing. The roo 
^vfanitive woids in this table are nouns; but, when less is added 
derivatives thus formed are adjectives. 

Manner and Order of Fomung and Defining the Words. 
Soot ash J>MrmnotL DmvAnra amd DsrannoN. 

I . -ClBH, money ; coin. 8. -CImb* less, witkovi money ; wkhovt 

Spell and Depute, 

Bound, a limit Lait, a rale of action. TkXgk, a footprii 

Bound' less. Law' less, TrXok' less, [n 

Causjk, aieason. Life, existence. Th5hn, asharppoi 

^li^UMEf LESS,* JAwb' less,* Tn^KStf LESS, [s 

ChIld, an infimt. Noise, any sound. Bdr'TOM, afoundc 

Chiu)' less. Noise' less,* B6t' tox less, 

DovsT, uncertainty. Fath, a road ; a way. €6x'fobt, consolfl 
Doubt' less^ Fath' less, €611' fort less, 

DBEAXytfaoughts in sleep. FoiNT a sharp end. FA'THBR,amaIepa 

DKiJOi' LESS, TOIVT* LESS, Fa'THBB£E55, 

2nd, termination. RfiST, repose ; quiet. M6th' br, a female 

And' less, RfiST' less, M6th' br less, 

Ori2f, sorrow ; sadness. S^nbe, undeniandmg. Mo' tion,^ a moveo 

GRISf' less, SilNSE' LESS,* Mo' TION LESS, 

MIrcH, an equal. Sleep, rest ; repose. 8h2l' teb, a covei 

JUItch' les/s, Slebf' less^ Sh£l' tbr less, 

/ 



TOWN'S SPELLEB AND DEFINES. 128 

TABLB II. 

K SU^FIXBB FtL, OSB^ AND F, DbFIITBD AND EjtSMPUllSD. 

TL, 08E, or T implies fviO. of; ahundawx of; abounding in or with ; 
\g much; as much as, Y sometimes implies belonging to; like or 
ining to; consisting of. 

this table, the roots or primitiTes are defined as nouns. The deriva- 
. with the exception of pailfiU^ are adjectives. 

2£cmner and Order of Forming and Defining the Words. 

jir, sport or merriment. I. Paxm, a tree and its fmit 

Jir' FULy fuU q/* Sport or play. 2. Palm' r,* abounding with palms. 

Spell and Define, 
8, happiness. Db yicb', contriyance. Dis trI^st', suspicion. 

8' JPTi,t D« vice' FULfX Dl8 TRfJST' rVL^ 

7D, deceit ; gnile. Dis oi^ST', dislike. VfiBB, a word. 

7d' jptru, Di8 GttsT' jptrx, Vbr bo**' ,♦ 

3B, composure; Dis tbSss', pain; anguish. Wa'tbb, a common 
3b' .Firx4 [qaiet. Di8 trSss' fvl,\ Wa' tbb r * [fluid. 

■B, malice ; hate. Re gabd', respect ; esteem. Pa/l, a common yes- 
e' ful,X Rb qabd' ful^ VlnJ ful, [sel. 



TABLE III. 

Suffixes. Fvl and Less in Connection with the Same 
Root. 

it the pupil obsorra and explain the opposite import of the deriva- 
, formed by the alternate use of these suffixes. 

Manner and Order of Forming and Dining the Words, 

iLiN, distress of some kind. 2. Pa/n' fvl, JuU of pain or distress. 
3. Pain' less, without pain or distress. 

Spell and Define. 
. skill; craftiness. MIbth, merriment Hope, expectation. 

' FUL, MtRTH' FUL, HoFB' FUL^ 

' LESS, MtRTH' LESS, HoPE' LESS^X 

Bnie6,pagell9. t Bole 18,pagftl». X^t&f&<^^0M|^\\:v 



i\ 



124 TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



£/A.RB, anxietj; overaightt Need, want; necessity. CaiiNdE, alterai 
£kBE' FVLf* Nbed'jsttjc, ChIngb' ruL^* 

Bake'lmsSj* 1Semi>'zsss, Cuajxqb' less,^ 

FEi4R, dread ; reverence. Pair' jsr^ a petition. Jot, gladness ; 1 

FEi4R' jrUL, PrIf' SR FUL^ Jot' PUL, 

Fb^r' LBSSy PftJLr' SR LESS, [grace. Joy' less, 

F A CTLT, a defect; error. Shamb, reproach; dis^ M^r' ct, clem< 
Faitlt' ruLf Shame' jptrx,* M£r* ci pul,^ 

Fault' less, Shame' less,* [idea* MAr' ci less,^ 

GriLB, deceit; canning* Tuovomt^^ reflection ; PIt' t, compassi 

GriLB' FUL,* TnOUff-ffX' FUL, PIt' I FUL,i 

GuiLRf LESS,* TaOVOBt' LESS, Pit' I LSSS,^ 



TABLE IV. 
Tbb Suvfix Isb, DsriKED akd Exemplified. 

IsH, with noons, implies Uke, or BomoDhat Woe; with adjectives, i 
plies iomewhaL The primitives in the first column are nouns, ii 
second and third, adjectives. All the derivatives are adjectives* 

Define the first column like frmte, and the second and third 
smaU, 

Manner and Order of Forming and Defining the Words, 

1. Br&te, an irrational animal. 1. Smj^ll, littie; trifling. 

2. Br^t' ish, X like a. bmte. 2. Sm^ll' ish, somewhat so 

Spell aitd Define* 

BoT, a male yontiu 5li>, aged ; not new. GiUr, of mixed co 
Bot' isHy \ 6l»' ish, II Ghaf' ish, 4 

Dwarf, very small per- Blue, of a particular WSt, containing iv 
Dwj^rf' i/sr-ff, n [son. Blu'i-sh,! [color. "Wftx' T/iSfl^, T 
KsAYE, a di^onest BlXcit, of die darkest €)ool, moderately < 
^Av' ISH, X [man. BlIok' ish, [oolMr. €ool' ish, || 
Mule, a mongrel ani- Brown, of a dark Sour, tart, as vine 
Mul' ish, X [mal. Brown' ish, H [color. Sour' isH, \\ 
SLttT, a dirty woman. Di^sK, a littie dark. SIok, afi^ed with 
8l<Jt' TJ«ir,ir DUbk' ISH, SIok' ish, [i 

* Rule 2, p&ge 117. \ B-xxle E, page \Vl . \ 'B.\j&fc\^^ew8i. \W 

^ BtOe 4, page 119. 1 Kute e^pSLseli^. ^^\s^V\«^^ 



TOWN'S SPELLEB AND DEFINEB. 125 



TABLE V. 
Tbb Suvvixbs Eb, Om, Am, &o., Dbfiksd and Exxmpufibd. 

Er, J>tL, AK, AR1>, AN, SB, SER, IAN, ISR, IS AN, I8T, ITS, NSR, 

BTER, TER, or ZBN, implies the person who; one who; or the thing 
which. An or ar sometimes implies pertaining to or relating to. The 
primitives are verba, nouns, or adjectives. The derivatives are nouns^ 
or adjectives. 

Manner and Order of Forming and Defining the Words, 

1. BztIld, to make, as a hoase. 1. P£r' sja,^ the name of a country. 

2. BitIld' SB,* one tdbc^ builds. 2. P£r' siAif, pertaining to Persia. 

Spsll and Define, 

IDe^l, to buy and sell. Yfs' it, to go to see an- Xrt, skill ; dexterity. 
DsiiL.' BM,* Vis' IT OR,* [other, art' j $an* [to nature. 

DRttM, to beat a dram. B£o, to ask alms. NIt' u ral,^ according 

]>RitM' M J?«,t BfiG' GA«,t NXt' t RAL JST, * 

BitNT, to search for. Dote, to become silly Is' ra el, the son of 
BCnt' bb,* Do' TiLB2>, I [by age. Is' ra el ite,* [Isaac. 

XiE^D, to guide ; to con- Mis sis sir' pi, a state. Part, a share or por- 
XiE^id' bb,* [duct Mis 818 sXp' pi an, Part' neb, [tion. 

Make, to create ; to Re f£r', to leave to an- TrIck, a cheat; decep- 
Mak' bb, X [form. Ref er ee'^ 1| [other. TrXck' steb^ [tion. 

IUSb,' to plunder. F0' sil, alight musket. Lait, a statute. 

"R6b' BBJK,t Fu iiL ebb',* Lait' teb, 

8€dFF, to ridicule. Pnf f' i«, the art of heal- CIt' t, a large town. 

S«dFF' EB, ^ PhT if" CIAN, [iug. CIt I ZEN,^ 

"YtvrD, to sell ; to bar- Fi nIncje', revenue ; Line, a straight mark. 
TftND' EB, * [ter. Fin an ciJj?', [income. LIn' b ab, 

TABLE VI. 

The Suffix En, Dbfined and Exemplified. 

En, as a suffix, when added to nouns, means made of; but, when 
Added to adjectives, it commonly means to make. The primitives in 
the first column are nouns; but the derivatives formed by the addi- 

* Bole 6, p&ge 119. t Role 5, page 11%. \'&c&aV\mg^\^^ 

§ Bale 18, jMge 120, | Bz. Bole 6, pagft \1^. ^ ^xiafc^^^w^'VXV . 



-JLi 



126 TOWN'S SPELLEB AND DEFINEB. 



Z 



tion of EK are adjectives. The primitives in the seooBd i 
colamns are adjectives; and the deriyatives are verbs. 

Manner and Order of Forming and Defining the Wora 

1. WIx [noun], a sticky sabstanoe. 1. Hard [adj.], solid ; dif 

2. WXx' B»] made of wax. 2. Hard' en,* to make h 

Spell and Define. 

Beech, the name of a Bright, shining ; clear. Like, similar 
Beech' en, [tree. Brio^t' en, LIk' en, % 

fii4RTH, soil ; die globe. D£af, anable to hear. Loose, slack ; 

ISilRTH' EN, DiiiF' EN,* LoOS' EN, % 

FlIx, a fibrous plant FIt, fleshy; plump. Sh5rt, of littl 
FlIx' en, FIt' ten,\ Short' en, * 

Gold, a precious met- GlXd, delighted ; joy- Sharp, keen ; 
Gold' en,* [al. GlId' D£/«r,t [ful. Sharp' en, * 

L£xD, a soft metal. White, snowy ; pure. W£i4K, feeble 
L&iD' EN,* Whit' en, f Wkak! en,* 

6ak, the name of a tree. FlIt, a dead-level. Wi d e, broad ; 

OAK* EN,* FlIt' TEN,i Wid' EN, X 



TABLE VIL 

The Suffix Lt, Defined and Exemplified. 

Lt, added to nouns and thus forming adjectives, means 
when added- to adjectives and thu» forming adverbs, it mean 
manner. The primitives in the first column are nouns; in 
and third ihey are adjectives. The derivatives formed by ad 
the finrmar are adjectives; those formed by adding it to the 
adverbs. 

Manner and Order of Forming and Defining the Wore 

1. MXn [noun], a human being. 1. SwfFT [adj.], quick ; rap 

2. MIn' lt [adj.], like a man. ». SwIft' lt [ad.], in a swi 

Spell and Define, 

FRr£ND, an intimate. Blind, wanting sight Meek, mild ; 
Fri£nd' LT, Blind' lt. Meek' lt, 

• Rule 6, page 119. \ Hule ^ ^*l|ft "M^ XlR-xA^ Vvv> 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEK. 



12T 

— < — 



% an appantion. 

'LY, 

a sovereign 

LT, 

K, a king's SOD. 



Brayb, courageous. MiiiN, base ; Tile. 

BbAYV' hr, * MXilN' LT, 

£)Rd88, peevish. Keat, deaa ; nice. 

•GRdss' LT, t HiiiT' xr, 

OsAYB, sober ; serious. Pboud, haqghtj. 



GxXyx' LT,* 

, a holy person. Kind, benevolent. 

' xr, KiHD' LT, 

LBD, a timid per* GjLt, sportive ; lively. 

iRD XF, [son. Gaf' xf, I 

' BOB, one living GbInd, magnificent. 

' BOB xr, [near. GbIkd' lt. 



WSsb, having wisdom. 

WiSB'xr,* 

So' BXR, serious; tonper- 

S5'bbk lt, [ate. 

PBt'DBNT, discreet; ju- 

PbO' dbnt xf. [dicions. 



TABLE Till. 
Thb Sus-fxx Ed, Dbfinbd ahi> Exbmplifixix 

in the past tense of verba or in participles, means did, wa$, or 
iat, in participial adjoctives, it means having or beinfft 
primitives are defined as veths; and the derivatives formed by 
Ution of «i are verbs or participles. 

Manner and Order of Forming and Defining the Words. 
D, to doable over. 2. Fold' md, \ did fold, or was or were folded. 



to curve. 
, to wither. 
, to swell. 



Spbll and Defznm. 
Fadb, to lose color. 

FAD'jt2>,T 

FsfiT, to vex; to 
FbAt' ted, 11 
F!lgh, to steal. 
F!lchj5I>,m 



:, to curb ; to stop. Grant, to allow. 
GbJLnt' ED, f 
Hbal, to core. 

HEilLB2>, § 

J^RK, to twitch. 

JfiBKJSD,** 



) plunge, 
to ornament, 

lie 2, page 117. 
le 6, page 319. 



t Rule \Zy p«^ ISK^ 
H Bute 5, ipftgd 1\%. 



Loan, to lend. 
L5anju>,^ 
. MXr, to injure. 
"MXrmed, 
HfiND, to repair. 
M£nd'bi>,§ 
HdoK, to mimic 

M6CKED,^ 

Vlvr, to separate. 
Part' ju>,^ 
SKi^LK, to hide. 

BKtLKED,^ 




^29 TOWN'S 8PELLEB AND DEFIN£B. 



TABLE IX. 

Thb 3T^nz Nsss, Dbvixbd jjtd Exemplifii 

Nb§8 fltoit g&aaMj implies a slaiB of being, or quali 
primitives are aeg e c Hmi ! bat tiie derivatiTes are nouns. 

Mmmer and Order rf Forming wid Defining the Wi 

1. 'Base, mean; vile; worthless. 1. LImv, unsound ii 

S. Ba8s| mtss, * the state or S. Lamb' ness, * i 

quality of being mean. being lame. 

Spell and Define, 
Xpt, fitted ; suited. Bald, without hair. HOiiKSE, ha' 

Xpt' NESS, Bi^LD' NESS, HoaRSE' NE 

-GLEiiN, firee from dirt. Ffia' yid, hot ; zealous. Nexb, close 

CoBAN' NESS, FAb' TID NESS, Near' A^£S5 

FAiB, clear; honest. FIck'lb, changeable. GLOOM'Y,di 
Flni' NMSS^ FIok' lx iriurs, * ' Gloom' i n 

FIt, suitable. M£l' loit, soft ; ripe. F£n' siyj;, i 

FIt' NESS, MSl' LOIT if£i95, P£n' SIViS A 

Fleet, swift ; quick. SIl' loit, yellowish. Qui' et,<^2 g 
Fleet' Jfjws, SIl' lotf jriiiSisr, Qui' ex j\r£, 

TABLE X. 

Thb ^xnF¥iTx% Able and Ible, Defined and Exem 

Ablb or iblb. implies that mag or con be; capable of I 

be. The prinutives are defined i» verba; bat the derivati 

jectives. The. perfect participial form of the primitive is 
last defining word. 

Manner and Order of Forming and Defining the Wc 

1. Tbaob, a slight mark, [be traced. 1. Rb sIst', to withstan< 

2. Tbacb' a ble, I that may or can 2. Rb sIst' i blb, that i 

Spell and Define. 
Blamv, to censure. As c£ND'»tomountup. Be bate', t 

BlAM^ a BLB, $ As CftND' A BLE, De BAT' A £ 

naJea,p.JS7. tBule3,i^m. X^^-^^^^Vv"^"^*^. V 



TOWN'S. SPELLEB AMD DEFIMEB. 



129 



$£kd, to crook. 

)£nd'^ BLBf* 

E)iXrif, to demand. 
E)lajii' a blm, * 
Drajn,, to filter. 

DBim' A BLB, * 

Force, to compel. 

POS' CI BLBj t 

PusE, to melt. 

W •/ BLE, t 

Tame, to domesticate. 
Tam' a ble, t 



A ghietb', to perform. 

A GHIBT' a BLB, t 

As BliiJ, to attack. 

As BillJ A BLB, * 

At tIjh', to gain. 

At TAIH' a BLB, * 

Chas ti8e', to punish. 

CRAS TIS' a BLB, t 

Con cbal', to hide. 
€oN gbxl' a ble, * 
€oB bods', to eat away. 

€0B bod' I BLB, t 



Db spIsb', to contemn. 
Db bpis' a blb^ t 
La m£kt', to mourn. 

UUt' BNT A BLB,* 

He vOtb', to prote false. 
Bb vti^ ablb,^ 
CfiN'^tRB, to blame. 

Ctv' StB A BLE, t 

€RftD' IT, to believe. 

€r£d' IT A BLE, * 

PCn' I8H, to chastise. 
PCm' ish a blb» 



TABLE XI. 
Thb Supfixes Ic, Al, fto.. Defined and Exbvflifibd. 

Ic, Aii or IGAL, AC, ABT, ANB^ INB» or ILB Implies pertaining 
; belonging to; relating to ; consisting of; like. Tic implies the same as 
3. When AL converts a verb into a mmn, it implies the act of, 
lRY sometimes implies the art of; one who; the place where. 



imetimes implies easily. 
erivatives are the same. 



The primitives are nouns or adjectives. 



Ilb 
The 



Manner and Order of Forming and Defining (he Words. 

1. 1l' dB BBA, universal arithmetic. 1. £l' b <^t, a plaintive poem. 

2. Al« dE bra' i-e, Uke, or pertaining 2. E le' ai A€, | belonging f j 

to algebra. [algebra. elegy. 

3. Al gb bBa'j« al, pertaining to 1. DtJ^'TiiijCosi/y led or drawn. 

Spell and Define. 



an' obl, a celestial sfnrit. 
Ak GiL' i€, * An Qth' i€ al, * 
Bb' bo, a brave man. 
He ro' I€, He b6' i-e al, 
I^rX' ma, a tragedy or comedy. 
Dra MXy i€, Dra Mir' i-e al, 
^oph' et*^, one who foretells, 
^^o phSt' I-e, Pro ph£t' i« al, 



Par' bnt, a father or mother. 
Pa BfiNT^ AL, * Pa rSnt' ally,* 
P6' BT, one who writes poetry* 
Po £t' i-ff, ♦ Po &t' I-e AL^ * 
Xl' pha bbt^, letters of a language. 
Al pha BfiT' i^, Al pha b£t' j« al, 
MSt' a phor^^, a short similitude. 
Met a ph5b'i«, Met a pbSb'jc al, 



* Rale 0, jmge 119. 



tEotel, page 117. 



X^t)\^V»wi^^^' 



!!♦ 



180 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINES. 



Db p5f' IT, thing intrusted. Hfp' o €Kitb, a dissembler. 

Db p6i' I TA ST,* one to whom, ^. HypocrIt'i «ii£,t /*lbca hypocrite. 
PlIm' bt, a celestial body. Hu uajtm*, pertaining to hnmanity. 

PlIn' bt a jer, pertaining to planets. Sfta' pbn T/JfiE, winding like a s^- 
In fIrm', the sick and feeble. [&c.. In' fakt, a new-bom child, [pent 
In fIbm' a by, place where the sick, In' fant ilb, pertmmng to infiuits. 



TABLE XII. 

Thb Suffixes /ojf, Ment, &c., Dbfinbd axd Exbmplifibd. 

Ion, mbnt, ukb, or turb implies the act of; the state of , or the 
state of being ; that which ; the result of. Si on, tion, or ition implies 
the same as ion. The primitives are verbs; the derivatiyes, nowM, 

Maimer and Order of Fanning and Definpig the Words* 



1. Dis pl&RSjr', to scatter. 

2. DiBPfiB'8JOir,^t theactofsca.t' 

tering, or the state of being 
scattered, or separated. 



1. En ticb', to faictte to oviL 

2. En TiOB' JKBjrr, X the act wn- 

suit of enticing; or tket 
which eatic^. 



/ 



Spell and Define. 

As s^rt', to affirm. In STRtcx', to teach. 
As sAr' tion,"^ In sTRtJe' tion,"^ 

A BA8B, to humble. Prb vSnt', to hinder. 
A BA8E'3fBJ^r,t [guilty. Pre vSn' tion^ 
€on vIct', to prove Pro tb€t', to defend. 
€oN vie' TION, Pro Ti€' tjojt, 

Di r£€t', to guide. Re strIct', to limit. 

Dl Rfic' 1I0N, Rb STR]f€ TION, 

Ex c£pt', to leave out Rb vise', to review. 
Ex cftp' TION, Re vli' lONf^ t 

Ex pose', to lay open. Fix, to set firmly. 
Ex pof' UBE,^ t FIxr' ure,^ 

Fail, to miss; to fall Di v£rt', to turn aside. 
Fail' vre,^ [short. Di vfts? 5rioN,^§ [fense. 
Please, to delight. F5r' F£It, to lose by of- 
PLiiAS' UMB,^ t F3r' fjbit vue,^ 



Al lube', to entice. 
Al lure' ment,\ [ward. 
Ad vanc«^ to go for 
Ad vaK c*' ment^ % 
€oN oeal'^ to freeze. 

€ON d£AL' UBNT, 

Ex cite', to roose. 

Ex cite' MXNTyX 

In FRiNdx', to yk>Uite. 

In FRlNdf' UEWT, X 

DiB sfiNT', to disagree. 
Dis bSn' bion^ ^ 
Db part', to go away. 
Db part' umb,^ 
€oM pasB', to calm. 

€OM POS' URBf^ 



•Rule 6, p. 119, t Kule 1, p. Ill . t ItxA© O, \». Wl . ^-VB* VV^ 




TOWK*S SPELLER AND DEFINES. 181 



TABLE Xni. 

Suffixes Izb and Ise, Dbfinbd and Exbkfufixd. 

IBB usually implies to mahs^ or to'fieoome. Atiov implies 
as ION in the prooeding table. The primitiTes are novnf, 
or verbs. The derivatives formed by the addition of izs 

re verbs; those ending in ation are wmns. For other ter- 

I, see preceding tables. 

fanner and Order of Forming and Defining the Words, 

kL, lawful. S. Li' oal izb* to mahs l^gal or lawful. 

3. Lb' oal ly, in a legal 



Spbll and Define. 
L« cmel ; inhuman. MdD' srn, of recent date. 

L JZB, * Bb6' TAL LY, MdD' ESN IZB, M6v' BBN IZ MMff 

^ like another. Njsu' tral, not of either party. 

Il£, * b' QUAL IZBD, t N^U'tBAL IBB, * Nxu' T&AL IB XJS,t 
I ^a' TION,'^^ NjBED TRAL 1 ZA'tION, t 

B, /mitful; producing. Pa' gan, an idolater; a heathen. 

. Jr£, t FftB' TIL iz Bit, f Pa' GAN IZB, * Pi' GAM IZBD, f 

a iZB, to nudce fine. CIt' il, weil*bred ; polite. 

a ItBD, t Civ' IL IZB,* CiV IL I ZA' WOJfjWf 

R iz £j{, t €bIt' !€, a severe judge. 

I I ZA* TION, t €b!t' I CUB, €bIt' I GISi^D. t 



TABLE XIV. 

dffixbs Ft, Ify, and Inb^ Dbfinbd axp Exemfupibd. 

ift implies to mahe, or to become; and ing, as the termina- 
a participle, implies continuing to. Cation implies the same 
I Table XH. 

rimitives are adjectives or verbs. The derivatives .ending in 
r are verbs ; those ending in tf^ are prtsent participles ; and 
ding in cation are nouns, 

*Rule6,img9U9. 



MfcA^vW^YLV \^ 



134 TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



/ 



€bb ate', to make. Ex pXhsj/, a wide ex- Prb t£nt', to hii 
€re i' TivE, ♦ Ex pIn' sifb,* [tent Prb v*nt' / fb, t 

€ou MfiND^ to prabe. Plactd' it, applanse. Ob •tnYM', to no 
€oM MfiKD' A TO j?r,t Plaitd' IT o j?r,t Ob iftEv' a to xi 

Di8 p£n8j^, to deal oat Ex eth' pate, to clear. Pbo bIb* it, to fo 
Di8 pfiN' Sii TO sr, * Ex cCl' pa to xr, ♦ Pbd hJb' it o i^r 



TABLE XVII. 

The Suffixes Irr, Cr^ &c., Defined and Exemplifie: 

Ity, ct, ude, tude, or itude implies a state of being; c 
qwdity or capacity of. Tr, ety, or iett implies . the Fame. 
primitiTes are adjectives or verbs. The deriTatives are nouns, 

Manner and Order of Forming and Defining ike Words, 

1. Pu' TRiD, cormpt ; rotten. 1. 6b' du rate, hard of hea 

2. Pa tbId' j rr, t the state of 2. 6b' du ra ct, | the sta 

being putrid or rotten. being hard of heart. 

Spell and DsriNB. 

C6n' cave, hollowing. Hda' tile, opposed to. D£l' i cats, nice ; 
€oN civ' I rr, * Hos tIi/ j rr, * DSl' i ca ct, * 

€6n' vex, rounding. S£bv' ile, slavish. In' tri cate, comp 
€oN vfix' I TY, 8er vIl' j rr, * Jn' tri ca cf, t 

S£rve, to work for. 8e curb', safe. VI' rt, to alter in f 

S^RV I TUBE, * Se cu' ri tt, ♦ Va ri' e tf, || 

Safe, free from harm. Lot'al, faithAiltolaw. Sate, to fill to th 
Safe' ty, f Loy' al rr, Sa ti* j? rr.* [r 



TABLE XVIII. 
The SmrFix Qua, Defied and Exemplified. 

Ou8 implies containing, or partaking of; having, or consi8tin(, 
fail of; belonging to, Eous, iou8, CEOUS, CIOU8, or tioub implicf 
same. The primitives are nouns. The derivatives ending in ous 
adjectives; those en^ng in Ig are adverbs; and those ending in 
an nouns, t 

* Rale 1, page 117, \ Rote e, va«e l\d. X^xjSfe V^ v««^ 

§ Rule 2, page 117. ^^xjia^, wfi^Ya, 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINES. 135 



Mannar and Order of Forming and Dining tfta Words. 

Dan' oer, exposure to injaiy 2. Div' dsR ovs^ * fuU of or 
or evil ; peril ; risk. partaking of danger. 

3. Dan' dsB ous lt, in a dangerous manner. 

Spell and Define, 

Fu' RT, madness; rage. €o' pi ous, abundant; plentiful. 

Fu' Ri ous, t Fu'Ri ouiB xr, £& pi ous xr, €o' pi ous ness, 
Hu' MOR, merriment ; wit TIm' or ous, fearful of danger. 

Hu' MOR ous,* Hu' MOR OUS LT, Tim'orousxf, TlU* orovsnbss, 
RIn' €0R, deep-seated hatred. YSn' cm, poison ; spite ; hate. 

RIh' €0R ous, ♦ RIn' €0R ous LT, VSn' cm ous,* VftH' OM 0U8 NESS, 

R6' IN, destruction. Mar' yel, a wonder ; a prodigy. 

RC'iNOr*,* R6' IN ous xr, MAR'yELOir5,*MAR'TBLOUS^£55, 



TABLE XIX. 
The Suffixes Ability, &g., Defined and Exemplified. 

Ability, ibility, ablbness, or iblbnbbs implies the quality, 
itaU, or capacity capable of being ; and sometimes Jit to be; or 
worthy of being. The primitives are verifi or notms. The derivatives 
sre nouns or adjectives. 

Manner and Order of Forming and Defining the Words. 

I- €)om PRfiss', to press together. 1. Ac count', to give a reason for. 

2. -€oM PRfise' J BX£,.| capable of 2. Ac count' a ble,* liable to 

being compressed. give account 

^- €oM PRESS I bil' I TT, % quality 3. Ac count a bil' i tt,* the state 

of being compressible. of being accountable. 

^- €oM MfiND', to speak in favor 2. GouukixTy' able ness,* voorihy 

of; to praise. * ^6eii^ commended. 

Spell and Define. 

Aj> mire', to regard with esteem. CHANds, to alter; to vary. 
Aj> MI tuL bil' I TT, 4 Change' a ble, |i 

^^' MI RA BLE NESS, § CHANGE A BIL' I TV, |1 

• Rule 6, ptige 119. t B«te 8, imt^ IVI . \^UQ3Mt\^^ v^^^^^S^ 

§ Bale 1, pAge 117. \ l&x. 'ftraiA V ^V^G^VA. 



136 TOWN'S SPBLLEB AND DEFINES. 



L 



€oR BitPT', to cause to decaj. £)oir TfiMPr', act of despiting. 

€OE BCpt' 1 BLEt * €ON TftMJPT' I BLX NMSS^ * 

€JOE KUPT' J BJi' X TF, * De BiRE', tO wish fOF. 

A€ cfiss', admissioii. Db iiR'^i bxjv irxaa^t 

Ae cfiss' I BLB, t PbIc' tigb, to do ; to use. 

Ac CB88 / B/£' I TF, f FbA€ TI €il BIL* I TY. § 



TABLE XX. 

The Suffixes Dom, Hood, &c., Defined and Ezekplifibd. 

DoM, HOOD| Bic, CY, OF SHIP implies jurisdiction; state; office; 
rank ; skiU. AOE implies the Mate of; the act of; cost of; place of; 
or collectively. IsM implies the doctrines or principles of; the pn»ctiee\ 
of; state or condition of; peculiar to. Ics implies the art or science of. 
Fic or iFic implies causing or producing. 

Manner and Order of Forming and Dining the Words. 

l.DuKE, the highest order of no- 1. Vis' sal, a slave; a bond- 

bility. [a duke. man. [slavery.! 

2. Duke' doMj |1 the jurisdiction of 2. Vis' sal aqm, * the state of\ 

Spell and Define. 
Pope, the bishop of^L^RK, a hired writer. Hba' YnEir, a pagan. 
Pope' dom, \\ [Rome. ClArk' <sir/i», [casks. Hea' theb i$m, * 
GtRL, a female child. CJoop'er, a maker ofPrBO Tlben'vT-es, rte 
GtRh' HOOD, -Coop' ER A«E, * ar^ ^making fire^vrorks. 

B!sh' op, a spiritual Ik€h'or, to cast anch- Tfia' ror, extreme fear. 
B!sh' op xj<e, [overseer. In' chor age,* [or. Tee Br^ ^e, 
Id' ju tant, a military Port' br, a carrier. Ca lSr' I€, agent of 
Id' ju tan cF,ir [officer. Pobt' er age, * €al o bjjt' re. [heat. 

TABLE XXI. 

The Suffixes Ate, Eby, &c., Defined and Exemplified. 

Ate, when the termination of a verb, or when it changes a nom 
into a verb, often implies to make, or to cause to be; and in all cases! 
the particle to precedes the defining word. But, when it is tbe snfix | 
of a noun, it implies one who. Ery or by implies 1^ art or praetset\ 

*Bal06,p.ll9. tK\iteU,v.l». \^»JAl,p.UT. 

/ Note, Rule i, p. 117. % iLule ^ p. Ill . \ ^x]a*>S^^'^ Y». 



TOWiJ'S SPELLiiE AMD DEFi^EB, 137 



tfm place whert i ^nd «amelimQS a bothf ^ or eUkietiAn. OlD itn* 
B haviiv^ tJie/otm ofi re^embiinff. So MX impticA somewkxt; causing; 
in^ tQ, Wa&i> isipliea imard; tUrmUum, 

Manner and Order qf F&nning ami Defining ike Watds. 

;oN i>£«m', to pr^B tofjcther. K Tu/kfk, to steaL {^tcaliivg. 

:oN n^* BATMf * to make denio. 3. Tiif&T^ Mn r, * ik* jtrattitx cf 

Spell jjfn Defike. 

Mta' TiCj tame, GCn, a kind of fire- €6R'Ai^marin» prod ac- 

nftfl' Ti €ATE, G&n' ^em y, t [arma. €6r' al loip, % [lion, 

i*igk', to coiapeL Brew.^ to roako beer. Wkji'bTp tired* 

1.1 CArn^* Brew' xr r, Wiij' iti ioHJe, ^ 

1 Gi2», beginning. BIkis, to harden by CCm' ber^ co overioad, 

M^ I NJTi, Bak' JJE y, * [firft. Com' UKR .sojmj, 
^^'LE^ijlitemryinsii- Htn' ali>j a proclaim- HSav' *n, place of the 



TABLE XXII, 

The SuFJ'ixiiB Ess^ Ine^ &c., Dbfiskh ajtd Exemflitiei^, 

^a^t iN^f IX, REB9, or ATRE8B itnpHes a female. Clk, lcL£, et 
tET^ KIN» LiXG, OCK, CLE Of CULE Implica little; KmaU; or ynnti^. 
, when it farms th« compckracive degree of an adjective, impUea 
& £bt implies m^wf. Esce implies to 5^<»^, or to U^^aae* Esc en t 
Jie^ ff/uf/ii^ to, or frfooniri^. £aCBBOS iinplici lAe oof ^ or iA^ 

Mannsr and Ord^ qf Fanning ttnd Definijig the W/ortk^ 

i*RoFii' ET^**" a fbreeelier of e?entH. 1» Dr^p, a globale of anj flaid* 
?roph'bt sss, afimde prophet. 3, Drop' iif, a Uitte drop, 

ja, he who inherits. Part, a portion* Sphere,** a globe. 

ntf ESS, H Par' t/ *^xb, Spii£it' flb, # 

' ao, a braye man. I'low^^ er, a bloBsom, Ax' i mal, Hvii»g bc-ing. 

h' o I If St Flow' er ^r, Ah i mIl' «yj-a, 

* KhIc It pBgB 117, t Rule 5, page 11*. ^ ^tu V^^^Vt ft, -^^weu va 

§ Jluls 3, pMge 117, ^ T^s^ ft, ^a^^ia. 



\ 



138 TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 



Ex te' u TOR,^ he who Brook, a small rtreanL BRlffHT, shiaing. 
settles an estate. Brook' lmt, BRiotix' jut, [tondi. 

Ex te' u TRix,^ * Itlus, a young sheep. RottGB,^ harsh to As 
Ht^NT' ER, one who LImb' Kiir^ Roi^OH' BSTy [onited. 

HCnt' BBSS, ♦ [hnntt. DtJcK, a water-fowL €k> a tmscb', to become 
SdKo' 8TER, a singer. jyHQK* ling, €k> a LJBv'oxjreJB, [better. 

SdvQ'sTBSss, [tnmor. HIll» small eleyation ^n va j^escs', to grew 
Tia' BER «x£, a small HIll' ock, [of land. €on va jJta' cs^r,t 



/ 



SECTION III. 

THB PREFIXES DEFINED AND EXElfPLIFIED. 

A PREFIX is a letter, syllable, or word put to the beginning 
of a root or primitive word, usually to Tary its ngnifieation ; as, 
un in un kind', dis in dis & ble. 

For an explanation of the suffixes used in the following tables, 
see the tables under the preceding section. 

TABLE XXIII. 

The Prefixes Utr and Non, Defined and Sxxmpufibd. 

Un, when prefixed to adjeetlves, participles, or adveriis, implici 
not; bat, when prefixed to verbs, H implies to undo what has beet 
done. NoN implies net; negtect; rrfusal. The primitives are vake 
or nouns. The derivatives are verhs^ nouns, participUSi or adJ9etnies. 

Manner and Order of Forming and Defining the ITordb. 

' 1. AID, to help ; to assist [sists. 1. M5ld, to model; to shape. 

2 aid' BR, X one who helps or as- 2. Mold' md, % was mod^ed. 

3. aid' ED, was helped, or did help. 8. Us hold', to destrojf the mold. 

4. Us- aid' bd, was not aided. 4. Us mold' bd, was not molded. 

Spell asd Dbfisb. 

ask, to petition. Soil, to dirty. LdOK, to make UtL 

ASKBD,^ Soiled, % Us LdOK', 

I7ir asked', ^ LV boiled',^ UN^QSLaD'f" 

* Rule 7, page 118. t Rule 1, pa«^ lYl . \^x^<^ Vyfci^'V^ 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 189 



CH, to whiten. TIll, to cnltiTate. Vxih, to ooTer. 

COBD,^ TllJLMD, * Un VA/L', 

LE-ACHJWJ',** Un tIlusjj', ♦ Un ylihSD'^ t 

MBK T, act of pay- Ex Ut' itvcE, being. CommIt'tal, a pledge. 

paf' mbnt, [ing. Non ex Ist' emob, Non €0m mIt' tal, 

TABLE XXIV. 

The Fbef^x Mis, Defined and Exbmpufied. 

B implies varang; emmeous; or ill tiM. The primitives are de- 
as verbs. The derivatives are veHm, pariidpks, or adjecHvei, 

Manner and Order of Forming and Dqfimng the Words, 
^LE, to govern or controL 3. Mis b6le', § to govern wrong, 

>L£2>, X ^*^ govern, or was 4. Mis b6lbd', § | citcf govern 
governed. wrong, &c 

5. CT/r b(jl&d', t <<»' 'i^'^ governed. 

Spbll and Defins. 
,, to name ; to cry oat. As sign', to appropriate; to appoint 

.JED, * Mis call', § * As bighsd', t itfr* as sIgn', \ 

e ALLJ2?', § * Z/JT CALLJBU', ♦ Jlf/iS AS SlGNJBi)', \^ Un AS 8IGNJEl>',t 

TT, to number ; to reckon. Di b^ct^, to order ; to regulate, 
rx' SD, t Mis count', \ Di bSct' b2>, t Mis di b£€t', ^ 

30UNT' £D,^ t £/i>^ count' JW),t i/i^S DI BfiCT^BDy^f UnDI B&eT^SD,^ 

:, to note the time of an event. Em plot', to use ; to keep at work. 
BD, t Mis date', \ Em plotbd', |i Mis bm plot',^ 

DAT' SD, § t Un DAT' ED, X MiS BM PLOYED ',f || (Ty BM PLOTBD', 

B, to form an opinion. In f5bm', to instruct; to apprise. 

BD, X Mis jtD^Bf, \ In f5bm£d'. Mis in fObm', § 

itDQBD', kX Un jtDQBD*, | MiS IN fSbMBD',) Un IN fSbMAD', 

TABLE XXV. 

[B Prefixes Psb and Foj^b, Defined and Exemplified. 

B or FORE implies bejbre; prwious; preceding; beforehand. The 
lives are verbs. The derivatives, having a jMrefix, or a prefix 
a suffix, are also verbs, participles, or adjectives ; but those end- 
d ton or tire are wmns. 

iaJe 18, ptLge 120. t BuleftfpeLgell^. X^&aVftV^^^^V^- 

§ Ex. Rule 14, page 120. \'&QtoV^««^^^ 



140 TOWN'S SPELLEB AND DEFINES. 



£ 



Manner and Order of Forming and Defining the Words, 

1. Db rtBM' 1KB, to form a decis- 3. Psm db t£rm' ivm, to dtt8^ 

ion ; to resolve. mine heforehand. 

2. Db tArm in j! tion,''^* the ad 4. Pbb db tArm iv a' rioir,* oA 

of deddinf^; or the state of of determining hrforekasd; 

being decided. or 9k previous determinatioiL 

Spell and DsriNE. 

E l£€t', to choose ; to select M£d' i tatb, to contemplate. 

E Lfi€' Tios^ Pbb b Lftex', Pmb Mto' i tatb. 

Pre b Lfi€T'iu>,t Pmlbb iJte' tion, Pbb Miiy i ta TJfi>,* 

In 8tr<J€t', to teach ; to train up. Pbe mbd i ta' tion, * 

In strCc' TJoy, Pbb in strCct', Ex Im' in*, to search into ; to trf. 

PXB IN STRCct' ED, t PSE BX Xm' INJ, 

Pbb IV 8trC€' tjojt, Pjjjs bx 1m' ik bd,* 

Or dItn', to determine. P«« bx am in a' tion,* 

FoBB OR dajn', Fobb OR vjLivsd', €LOtB, to shut ; to finish. 

FOXE OR DI Nil' TIONf FoBE €L0SB', FoBB€L6m' UBB,^* 



TABLE XXVI. 

Thb Prbfix Rb, Definbd and Exbmplifibd. 

Rb implies again; or back. The primitives are verbs; and the 
derivatives, formed bj means of the prefix re without a suffix, are also 
verbs; but those ending in ion or ment are nouns. 

Manner and Order of Forming and Defining the Words. 

1 . €oM mIt', to intrust; to perpetrate. 1. In spSct'J to look into with care ; 

2. €oM mIt' ment, the act of com- to examine. [ing intol 

mitting or intmsting. 2. In 8pft€' t/oit,'* the act of look- \ 

3. Re €0M m!t', to commit again. 3. Rs in spSct', to inspect again. 

4. Rs €OM mIt' ment, the aa of 4. RBiBSPte'rioN, the cut of look- 

committing again. ing into or inspecting again. 

Spell and Define. 

Ap point', to fix upon ; to settle. Im prYb' on, to put in a prison. 
Ap point' ment, Rb ap point', Im pr!s' on jifjrirr, Rb lu prIi'oi, -' 
'J?^ AP point' ment, Rb im prIs' on ment, 

*Ru1e 1, page 117. \^>xVi^,\»^^Va. 



TOWN'S SPELLER AKD DEFINEB. 141 

\ lIst', to engage in a cause. P Es tXb' ubh, to setde firmly, 
r lIst' mmnt, Rm bv lIst', Rb ss tIb' lisr, 
r »N lIst' mbnt^ Rb es tXb' lish mbitt, [ly. 

let', to make or pass, as & law. CdN' sb «eatb, to dedicate solemn* 

l€T' MBNT, Rb en Ict', Rb €6n' SB CRATB, 

BK l€T' Jiu/ri>, Rb con sb cBi'r/ojr, t 

BT^^iAJf to indact into an office, fr' er ate, to utter a second time. 

5T AI. UL'TJOlTf''^ Rm IK ST/^LL',* It ER a' TJCMf , f jR* It' BR ATE, 
IN 8T^ hjf TIQtr, * RbITBR 1' TIOW, f 



> 



TABLE XXVII. 

Thb Prbvixbs E and Ex^ Bbfinbd and Exemplified. 

Z or BX, sometimeB written bo or bf, implies mtt; out off from ; or 
TTuL The primitires, as here given, are all verbB, except ^e notm, 
ess, and the aefjeotiveMf extinct and eoceatrle. The deriTattves end- 
in mh, «rs, €noo, or % are noimt. 

Manner and Order of Forming and D^ing tkt Words* 

E d€ob', to draw ouf ; to elicit 1. Ex 5n' be atb, to free from 

E i>1i€* TioTK, t the ad of draw* blame, [freeing yWrni blame. 

ing ovt or diciting. 2. Ex ox be a' tion^ i the act of 

Spbll and Dbfinb, 

rficT', to cast out, Er f^b', to ponr mtf . Ex trIct', to draw out* 
jftc Tioir,'* % Er vt' sjo2r,»i t Ex rttle' rioir,'^ f 

rase', to rub out. Ex tupr', to free from, Ext1v€t\ putoiit;dead. 

RAS' UBB,^ t Ex ftMP' TIONf''^ J [out, Ex TIN€' TION, | [out, 

ORBSS, a going out. Ex u^ubt', to drain Ex tIr' pate, to root 
or£8' sioi^,*° * Ex ha its' Tzoif ,» I £jr tIr pa' TJ02»r,t [ter. 

YdLYB', to roll ottf. ErFtLQB^t to 8end./&Ft& J?« c£n'tri€, out q/'cen- 
r o lit' Tioifi i iEpFt^L'GiifCi,t [light. £« CBN trIc' I rr, J 



^ 



TABLE XXVIII 

Tub Pbbfix In, &g., Defined and Exemplifibd. 

[n, sometimes written lo, il, iM, or ir, implies not, when prefixed 
adjeetivee &t adveihs; but, when prefixed to verbe or words derived 
»m verbs, it implies in or into; on or iipon. 

Sn/e 18, p. J». f Role 1, p. 117. \ KxAe ^ p, 1\». ^'toa»\*L,^« V»« 



S 



142 TOWN*S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



L 



The primidyes are adjedwea or verbs. The deriyatiTef ending ii 
ity, ion, or neu are nouns; and those ending in itjf are aehMr&f. 

Manner and Order of Forming and Dejbung the Wotds^ 

1. PRdp' ER, fit or suitable, [er. 1. SvArb, to entrap; to entangle. 

2. Im FRdp' ER, not ^t, or not prop- 2. br smIrb^ to catch in a snare. 

1. Se €ure', free from danger. 1. S&r' si mLM, peroeptible. 

2. Sb €v' rj tf, * state of safety. 2. In s£n' si bla, mC perceptible. 
i 3. In SB cure', not safe. [safe. 3. Zif sfiN' ax B^r^ t m a 
! 4. In SB €u' R/ TTy* in a state not not peroopdble. 

Spbll and Define. 

TAt' br ate, learned ; instnicted. RX' Tj6ir AL,n pertaining to reasoa. 
Il lIt' br ate, LIt' br a jet, t RI'Tr6N al zr, Im rX' Tj6ir au 
Rfis' o lutb, firm ; determined. Is rI Ti6ir 11' r tt, i 
B£8' o LUTE LT,\ Ib r2s' o lutb. €ai^ Tjons,^ extremely careltaL 
Mor' tal, subject to death. €kv' Trous xr, €^1^ xrous jrxff, 

Mor' tal xr, Mor tXl' / rr,I| In exu* t/ous. In ei^u' tjous mi, 
Im mor' tal, Im mor tIl' z tfJH Db co' rous, decent y becoming. 
Ict' lYE, nimble ; quick. In db €5' Rous, /ir !>■ eSf koto xr, 

I«t' iy^ xr, § Ac tIv' / rr, t No' bls, of great worth ; exalted. 
In Ict' iv^. In a€ t!\' / rr, * No' Bxr, t No bIl' z tt^ t 

LTb' er al, generous ; ample. la no' blb, . la nG' bxf, t 
LIb' er al xr. Lib br II' i rr, || Mi' oratb, to remore. 
Il jAb' £R al, Il lib br Xl' j rr ,|1 Im^ mi oratb, Im mi qua' tzon, * 

4 
f- 

r 
TABLE XXIX. 
The Prbfix Dis, Definbd and Exemplitibd. 

DiB, sometimes written di or dif, implies separation; denial or 
not ; off; depriving of; uxint of; out of; and sometimes to tmdb what 
has been done. Y here implies the state of being. 

The primitives are veHm or adjectives. The deriratiTes ending ia 
edf est, or ing are verbs^ participles, or adjectives ; those ending in im^ 
went, er, or y are nouns or veri)S ; those ending in itjf are adonhs. 



* Bole 1, psge 117. t Kute %, pae^lVd. \'«xiSii^\^Vi«^'ttL 

§ Rule 2, page 117. \^^^,^fi*«^\». 



TOWN'S SPELLEB AND DEFINEB. 148 



Maimer and (Mar of Farming and Defining the Words, 

V, to anite; to connect 1. O biA^b', to qomptl ; to gratify. 

' join', to 9epamte or sever. 2. Ob li qa' tion,^ the ttaU ofhdng 
r joisBif',* was separated, Ac compelled. [gratify. 

join', to join or unite again. 3. Dis o BLids', not to oblige or 
joijxbd',* toot joined or unit- 4. Dis o Biid' ino lf, t in a diso- 
ed again ! leconnected. bliging manner, 

Spmll ajtd Define, \ 

s, to shut an opening. Ap psiiR', to be in sight ; to seem. 

loib', Dis €l6bed', t Djs ap PBiiR', Dis ap PEitS£i>', * 
«oaB', i2jr €ho»BD',i Rs ap p^xr', Re ap PEAR^jy, * 
FT, to ascend ; to rise. £m bakk', to go on board a ship. 

touNT', Dis mount' bd, * Dis eh babk', Dis bm BARKjrjy,*^ 
>unt'. Re mount' jh),* Re bm bXrk', Re em BARKii^,** 
r', to bnry in the earth. or' oan izb, to firm properly. 

N t£r', Dis in rtRBED^, % 5r' oan ized, t Dis or' oan izb, 
r t£r', Re in t£rj7B2>', % Dia 5r' qah iz eb^ t 
bb', to be of one mind. Re 9r' oan izb. Re or' oan izjvi>,t 

. ores', S J^^s a orbbd', 11 Like, to be pleased with. 
. oree' ing,^ Dis like', Dis likipii',®* t 

. oree* ment, 4 utB,^ to employ ; to consume. 

rBYs', to trust in ; to credit. Dia use'»^ Dis ussd', f 
KB ubve', Dis bb likvbp', t -S&n' est, free from all fraud. 

SB LJEV' ING^ t H6v' EST P, ♦ IRSn' EST LT, 

SB UEV* BJ8,t • - Dia h6n' est, Dis jsrdN' est r,* 

:', to comply with commands. Robe, to pot on, a robe ; to dress. 
»bey', Dis OBVtBD\** Disbobk', Disrobed,^ 



bM** 



TABLE XXX. 

The Prefix Con, Defined and Exemplified. 

N, frequently written co, coo, ool, com, or gor, implies with 
'ether ; joined with ; in connection toith ; agreement, Stn, sometimes 
n stm or stl, implies the same. The primitives are nouns, ad- 
s, or verhs. The derivatives, formed by a prefix alone, are 
or verbs; those ending in enee, er, tipn, itg, or, or ship are nouns; 
hose ending in 62e ave adjectives. 

6, p. 119. f Bale 1, p. 117. t^'^^'^P-'Ui^' %'ftsa«^W,\fWfit'\Mi.^ 

rote. Bale 1, p. 117. IT Ex. Rule 1, pftge lYl . * * ^^te ^ vm|^ V&. 




144 TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 



Mtmmr tmd Order tff Fvnmng mid D^finmji lAe WtrA, 

1. DtnsMf dose; compact [nets. 1. HkjWL^ ke who iiUierits by Uw. 

2. DftN'sr TF,* ikettaie of eioto- 2. B&itL^ mm,^ i^fmefUhear. 

3. •6oif Dltvs^, to force together, 3. Htm' smip, tke tkOe itfva. hex 

4. -Coir DfiNB' MM, * tkfU u^h can- 4. ^ukiR*, an beirwiM another, 

denses. [condensuig. a /Mitf-heir. [h( 

' 5. -eoir DBK aJf mtr,i^*tMe act ^b, -Go ^tiR^smir, tkeMaU^tkjm 

iSfeli, AN9 Define, 
i Re' gent, one in place of a king. Lo^ cats, to place ; to seCUe. 
i Re' OfiK cr^ % -So rb' obmt, "€%>£' lo €ats, -6b£ tjo eiJ tiqs^ 

I PRiss, to squecEe; to force* Li' oatb, to biiid ; to tie. 

I €0M PR£S8M -GoM P&£88' i B€E,S "^OL^ LI OA1», €^£ U GA' TIO/T, 

I LIpsa, to slip or glide. -Gom utvfu?, to have iniercovne, 

€oL iJLpbe\ '€hL LiF8JU>',82 « -GoMudix^ jrojr,~ ♦ -Cbjf mu' ni ti 
FLiJx, a flowing. -6bx lS^t', to bring together. 

Son' flux, ^a^ flu sj^cjb, €ol l£€' Ti9jr,t ^^^ Lft€T' oj^ 
Part' ner, associate in business. Sob &dB* o ratb, to C0i|/ina, 
-€b PiLRT^NBR, -6b pXrt' nbr sttif^ give adiUtonal strength to. 
Stn' the sis, a placii^ together. Sox bob o ra' tion,* 
SrLfhx BUB, a letter, or letters nt- 5FJif' pa tht, xtgroement oi feelin( 
tered by «rie impnlse of the voice. Sru^ pho nt, e^greemeHi of sowii 



/ 



X 



TABLE XXXI, 
Thb Prbfix Ad, Dbfiked and Exbmpufebik 

Ad, frequently written ao, ap, ag, al, an, ap, ar, as, or at, ii 
implies to; at; touxird; near; or aome addition. The primitives i 
defined as verbs. The derivatives are e«r&s, nemut, participles, or « 
jectives. 

Manner and Order of Forming and Defimng the Words. 

1. JoiN» to nnite ; to link. 3. Ad ^oiv!', to join or unite to 

2. Join' eb, t one tdto joins. 4. Ad join' in9, t joining to. 

Spell astd Definw. 
€RftD* IT, to befiere. Per tain*, to belong. Al LfJl>B^ to peftr to 
A^ «i^d' it, Ap per TirN*, Al lUd' bd,* 

A^ €r£v^ it ed, t Ap per tajn^ ino^ t -Ac Lif^ iioiv,^ 1| 

*^/e 1, f«ge 117. \ «Wte ^ ^«ft 1\*. \'»«^'8i^,'^fMei.'>aa. 

§ Rule IS, page 120. ^-to\^%,-g^W\> 



TOWN^S SPELLER AND DEFIKEB. 146 



ten. Cede, to transfer. An v£x', to unite to. 

A^CEjyis.\ Ay v&xjso*,^ 

va, A€ ced' bd, t [to. ^j^ vnx a' tionP 

)roye. ^ir flIct', to give pain ^« cribs', to attribute 

Af tlIc' tion^^ * As crib' a blb, t [to. 
EDf* Arrhler^ivB,* As €iilTTi6iT,X 

JO give pain. Ad yisb', to give coun- Lurb, to entice. 
e', Ad vis' BM, t [sel to. Al lGrb', 

«d', t Ad vis' o j?r, f Al lurb' jcicivr, ^ 

Si 



^11 



TABLE XXXII. 
refixbb In and £^j<r in Connbotion with Variovb 

SUFFIXBS. 

N, in this table, signifies not; but neither one of them must 
d to the primitives, until some suffix is added. Thej are 

used interchangcabl^r ; but in is more common, in cases of 
and generally more elegant With the termination ed, bow- j 
lust be used instead of in. We may say un con soW, but 

soW. 
mitives are verbs. The derivatives are adjectiveif partidpUif 



hnner and Order of Forming and Defining the Wards. 

to heal; to restore to 5. Iy€tu'ABLr,i (inamannerthat 
1th ; to remedy. ^ rr ~ , a*S »»«8f f*ot be heal- 

BLr,t^Aa..*a;6e healed. «' ^^ *^*'^ *^^' Hed or cured. 
'ABLEAfthatmajfnotbe 7. CuR^iD, t i^o* healed or cured. 

< healed or re- 8. C7ir curjsd^, t was iioe healed or 
/ A BLB, t (^stored to health. cured ; was not remedied. 



Spbll and Dbfins, 
\ to comfort €on tSst', to strive. Dig cArn',** to perceive. 

A BLE, t €ON T£8T' A BLB, * Dif g£rn' I BLB, ♦ 

l' a blb, t Ilf cow TfiST' A BLB, ♦ 1n DIS C^RN^ X BLB, ♦ 

5l' a BLB, t Ulf f OK tftST' A BLB,* Un DIS cSrH^ I BLB, * 

i l' il BXr, t /JV CON TftSX' il BLT, ♦ In Dig Ctvn' I BLT,* 

5l' it Bir, t Un con tSst' -a bxf, ♦ Un dii c^rn' r blt, ♦ 
IIP. f Rule 1, p. 117. \ B.iAft \\, ^."^31^ ^'^^^iifcV'^.XSCV..^ 



146 TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINES. 



€J0W 85LXi>'«* €ON TftST' EDj t Dli CtRVEO',^ 1 

Un €0N 86LK>',* ttf CON TftST' ED, t i7i>r Dli CfiBN^P' 

Coir CEJYK*, to think. €oh park', to likon. €ok rCpt', to v 

€ON G£/v' il i<£«, * €0M pJLb' it B£«,* €OB Btfpr' I 5£J 

/w €OH cfinr' ii ii£«, ♦ In «om pjlb' ii bx«,* In eon Rt^px' / . 

Uw €OV Oftjy' A BLE^* Un COM PAR' A BLE, * Us COR RCpt' I 

In cov Gfijnr' ii B£r»* Is com par' x Bxr, * In cor Rtf pt' / 
Un con cfi/v' ii Bxr,* Un com par' ii axr, ♦ Un cor r* pt' / 

€ON CBJT^U', ♦ €OM PARfP', ♦ €OR RtJPT' ED, t 

^Un con cbjtbb', * Kr com pJLrbi>'« ♦ Z7ir cor rCpt' j 



TABLE XXXIII. 

Thb Prbfixbs Di and Bj, Defined and Exemplifi] 

Di implies teparation; disunion'^ anmder; off; out of, Bi 
monly written bi, implies two or double. The primitives of t 
colnmn are iferhs; those of the second column, nouns or ad 
The deriTatives are verbs, nouns, participles, adjectives^ or adoai 

Manner and Order of Forming and Dining the Words, 

l.IiXo' BB atb, to tear; to rend. 1. F5rm, shape; fignre. 

2. Di lXo' BR ATB, to tear asunder* . 2. Bi' fobm, having two f< 

3. Di LAO BB a' tion,* thtaet of 3. Bi f5bm' / rr,t a dovh 

tearing asmder, 1. Bi* fold, taoofold ; dovi 

Spell and DEriNM. 

Di vfiST', to strip off, LXt' eb al, pertaining to th 

Di TfisTf SD, t Di vftsT' ube,*^ LIt' eb al lf, Bi lIt' er 

Di ob£88', to leave the subject. Cob p5' bb al, having a bo< 

Di oBfiss' iNO, X Di onts' bion, X Cob f5' be al xr, 

Z>/ l$tb', to weaken, as spirit & cob Pd' bb al, 

Di Ltr' ED, * Di lC tion,* Bi ma' nous, having tun han 

Z>J TipB', to separate. Bi c5rn' ous, having two ho 

|.Z)x vId' bd, ♦ Di vXs' IO^',w ^ Bi 4n' ni al, once in two ye 

Dx lIp' I DATBy to fall apart, Bj'ped, an animal with onlyt 

Di lXp' I HA TED, * Bi no' mi al, consisting 

/>r LAF I da' tion, * Bi c6l' obed, of two colors. | 

♦Biilel,p.il7. t Rule e, p. 119. \ B.xjlfcia^^l'Kk ^^^x^O 



TOWN'S SPELI^R AND DEFINER. 147 



TABLE XXXIV. 

tB Prefix Iittbx, &c., Dkfined asd ExsMPLinsD. 

I implies bettoeen or amotig. Trans or ultra implies acron; 
fond ; change of: through, Cis implies on this side. The prim- 
ly novnSf adjectives, or verbs. The derivatives are at(jeeiives, 

nouns. 

Manner and Order of Forming and Defining the Words, 

BNT, lying at length. I. AtiJ^n'tic, the Atlantic ocean. 

',R jV cent, lying between, 8. TfiANS at lIm' ti€, beyond the 

ine', pertaining to the sea. Atlantic. [across the sea- 

's MA rine', beyond the sea. 8. Ul tra ma rink', bofond or 

Spell and Define. 

, to unite threads, as in cloth. In teb fSrr', to interpose. 

w£ave', In ter fSr' encm, t 

r, to unite in marriag<\ In ter tenb', to come between; 

mIr'txy, In TERYtv' tionT^^ 

to covpr in the grouni. In ter rOpt', to stop by tnfar- 

plXnt', In ter hHf* tjon, X [fering. 

s, pertaiiing to the Alps. Trans or^ss^ to pass over or 

II' fIvb, Cis IxJ tXjse, Trans ORftss' or, f [beyond. 

T, having btighmess. Trans cftND', to go beyond ; to 

LU' CENT, Trans cSkd' ent, % [surpaxs, 

Lv' CEN CT, ♦ Trans g£nd' en cYy* 

TABLE XXXV. (^ 
IE Prefix StiPER, &o., Defined and £zempufxsi>. 
R, supra, or SUR implies above; beyond f excess j over; omer 
lie. The primitives are adjectives, or verbs. The dsrivatiTes 
dives, verbs, or nouns. 

Manner and Order of Forming and Dining the Words, 

HAN, belonging to mankind. 1. Mtn* danb, belonging to Ae 
BR Hu' MAN, above what is world. [the worid. 

uman ; divine.' 2. Su pra Mihc' danb, being tdfove I 

i6b, to load, as a gim. «. Sub cu'k&^i^ , Vi wowVs^^. ^ 
', p. J2a f Eule 1, p. IW. X IUAa ^ ip. \». \"to*fe'a^^'««^* 



il48 TOWN'S SPELLER* AND ^DEFINER. 



/ 



Spell and De'fine. 
I Idd, to join or pat to. Su per yise', to oversee ; to in- 

I Sv PER Idd', * SV PER vis' ION?^X [spCGt. 

! Su PER AD D/" TlOSf * 8u PER XV SOJ?, % 

I A bound', to be in great plenty. Mount, to ascend ; to rise on high 

Su PER A bound', SuR mount', SuR mount' a BLEt\ 

Sup er a bound' jNOf t Pass, to move onward. 

NIt' u ral,*° according to nature. Sur pass', * SuR pass' jno, * 
Su PER nAt' u ral,*<* Sur vive', to lire bofond or lonjjcr 

an' 6el, a divine messenger. SuR viv' or, % [than- 

AN GfiL' /€,t Su PER AN 6&L' 1-6, SUR VIv' OB SMIP, % 



TABLE XXXVI. 

The Prefixes Sub and Subter^ Defined and ExEMPLiFfBD. 

Sub, sometimes written sue, suf, suo, sup, or sus, implies under; 
beioiv; subordinate; after; up, Subter implies under. The primitives 
are adjectims, verbs, or noun$. The derivatives are adjectives, parti- 
cipleSt or nouns. 

Manner and Order of Forming and Defining the Words. 

1. A quIt' I€,^ living in water ; 1. PfiND'iNO, hanging; depending. 

watery. [the water. 2. Sua p£nd' ino, hanging up or 

2. Sub a quIt' ic, living under under ; delaying for a time. 

Spell and Define. 

Is' TRAL, belonging to the stars. Flu' ent, readily flowing. 
Sub is' TRAL, Sub ter' flu ent, 

L!n" oual,^ pertaining to the Fix, to fasten ; to place. 
Sub lIn" oual, [tongue. Sup^ fix. Sup* fix ino. 

Ma rinb', pertaining to the sea. Su-e ceed', to follow ajler. 
Sub ma rine', Su€ ceed' er, t Su^ cbbd' ZN&fi 

TG' TOR, one who instructs. Sup f5rt', to sustain, or hold up. 

Sub tu' tor, Sup p6rt' a ble,^ Sup p6RT'jrji,t 

€u ta' NE ous, pertaining to the Sup' fer, to iliel or underfro. 
Sub €U ta' ne ous, [slcin. Sup^ fer er, t Sup' fbr iNOf t 

Ter ra' ne ous, pertaining to the Sub' j\j gate, to bring tim/er control 
SiTB TBR RA^NB OV8, ^earth. Sub j\i oUtios^\ 

'Rule 13, page 120. t Rule 6, i»a«e \\«. \-toaftVv>.^vn, 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINES. 149 



TABLE XXXVII. 

Thb Prefixes Ob, Retso, &c., Defined and Exemplified. 

Ob, sometimes written oc, of, or op, implies against; toward; to; 
into; out; on or upon. Retro implies back or backward. Bene 
implies good or tveU, Male or mal implies bad; evil; ill. The 
primitives are nouns, verbs, or adjtctivea. The derivatives are nouns, 
verbs, adjectives, or participles. 

Manner and Order of Forming and Dqfining the Words. 

1. Li oa'tion,'* the act of binding. 1. Op pose', to act against. 

2. Ob LI ga' tiow, something o£ 1. Xe' tion,'* state of moving. 

binding force on a person, 2. Rs tro ie' tion, acting back- 

as a duty. [mind. ward or in return. [itiW in act. 

1. O^cCr', to mfiet or come to the 1. Bs nev' o lent, M?c//-wi8hinjr ; 

I. Oj^ fer, to present to or before. 1. Ma ley* o lent, ev/Z-minded. 

Spell axtd Define. 

Ob STutJcT', to hinder; to Riop. Ob TRtDE', to thmst or force upon. 

Ob STRtJe' TION,* Ob strCct' inq, Ob trud' br, t Ob tr6' sion,^^ | 
Ob strOct' £D, Un ob strCct' ed, Ob tkCd' ed, t Un oh tkCd' ed,^ 
Ob 8€URe', to darken ; clouded. Fie' tor. a doer ofsomethinjar. 
Ob sen tuL'rioN,^ Unob 8€URiii>',t Ben b rXe' tor, Mal e rle' tor, 
Of r&sSE'f moderate anger. Die' tion, style ; expression. 

Off&s' BivE,^ Un or Ftn' sivE,^ Ben e Die' tion, 
/?^r' jjo spect, a rericu;; a looking Mal e dIc' tion. 
Re Tiio 6viLe' tion,* [back. Prac' tic«, customary use or ac- 

Re tro 8p£€t' jfb,* 3/xx prX€' tic*, [tions 

Ret* RO grade, ^o\i\q backward. Mal TRXe' tic inq, ^ [with. 

Re tro gra da' tion, t Treat, to manage ; to have to do 

Re tro grad' ing, t Mal treat', Mal treat' ment, 

TABLE XXXVIII. 
The Prefixes De, Circum, &c., Defined and Exesiplified. 

Dk implies removing from; dqwiving of; down, Circum implies 
i around ; about. Ante implies befw^. Post implies after. The prim- 
! 1 lives are verbs, nouns, or adjectives ; and the d<^vivsLV.VH<fi(& «x^ ^!oft. ^^xcw^.^X^ 
'* Rule 6, p. 119,. f Rule 1, p. in. ^lLu\<i%,^.\\%. \i^c.\ft.»^xi» W- Vs:^ 



150 TOWN'S SPELLIJ^S AND DEi-lNER. 



Manner and Order of Forming and Defining tite Words, 

1. 6x' TD ATE,^^ to convert into an 1. NIv' i gate, to sail on water 

oxyd ; to oxydize. with a ship. [round. 

2. Ox YD a' Tioir,'^ * the act of 2, CiB €UM vlv* i oatb, to sail 

converting, &c. [ygen. 3. CiR ^vu kav i oa' tjokt,* tkt\ 

3. De 6x' td ate, to deprive o/*ox- act of sailing round. 

4. De ox yd H'Tioir,* Uteactoff&c 1. An te mk bXo' i an, be/on noon. 

Spell and Define, 
V6t' u late,^ to famish people. RlNdB, to place in order. 

/>£p6p'u LATE, Def6f'v LATJBD,* De BAKOE', De BANOB' MENTfX 

V6' LAR, pertaining to the poles. Cib €UM YdLVf', to roll round, 

I Po lIk' / T¥f t Cib -euM po' lar, An te ced' knt, what goes before, 

I Date, to note the time of an act. Ante* ri or, 6p/2»re in time or place. 

! An' te date, Post' date, An te di lu' vi an, existing bt- 

i Po si" T/ON, situation ; place. fore the deluge. [ten ajier. 

An te po sI" t/on, Posr' script, that which is writ- 

Post po si" T/ojr, Pos rii' bi ob, ci/Jer or teer in time. 



TABLE XXXIX. 

The Prefixes Pbo, Peb, &c.. Defined and Exemplified. 

Pro im plies ybr; forth; forward; out. Per implies through; over; 
by, Preter, extra, out, or oyer implies beyond; exeen; too much; 
past. The primitives are verbs, nouns, or adjectives. The derivatives 
are verbs^ nouns, adjectives, participles, or adverbs. 

Manner and Order of Forming and Defining the Wmth, 

1 . Pito j£€t', to throw oitt, 1 . Le' gal, according to law. 

2. PROjIte'TioN,'^^ the act of, &c, 2. Pbe teb le' gal, beyond law. 

1, Pbo trXct', to prolong. 1. Xm' bu late, .to walk ahout. 

2. Pro TRl€T'o/?,t he who prolongs, 2. Peb Im' bu late, to walk over. 

Spell and Define, 

Pjio ceed', to go forward. Pro pSl', to drive forward. 

Pro cked' ed, t Pro ced' ure, t Pro rthLEo', \ Pbo pIl' lem, S 
Pro pose', to lay b(fo}-e. Ex tray' a oant, beyond due 

' Pjio pos' AL,* Prop o si" tion,* boxiwAa *, \aixy\ vu i^xyenses. 

♦ Ruh J. p. 117. t Rule 6, p. 119. \ B.u\e \ p. Ml. ^-ftsfift ^^•a^'C^ 



■ ■ IP!' Ill ■■>■■■] ij"'] F', II j.i' tag—— 

TOWK*S 6PELLEB AND DEFINES. 161 



Per chanc^, by chance. Psb tsb nIt' u ral,** 

Pes vadb', to pass thrmtgh. Pes tse nIt' u ral iiS88,*^ 

Pes' vo itAT^, to pierce through. Out vtu' bbb, to exceed ia niimb«r» 

HXt' u ral/^ according to nature. vbe rxY\ to pay too mwdu 

"^ TABLE XL. 

l^if^PffBFixBs Mono, Poly, &o., Dbfinso and EzxMPUnBD. 

Mono implies one or akm, Polt implies many, Omni, pan, or 
PANTO, implies all; universal. The primitives are nouns or adjectivee; 
and the deAvatives are the same. 

Manner and Order of Fhrming and Defining the Words. 

1. Stl' la VLi, a anion of letters. 1. Po' tent, possessing power. 

2. MoN o stL' LA BL£, B word of 2. Om njv' o tent, a/^'powerfol. 

one syllable. [syllables. 1. The' ism, belief in a God. 

3. Pql r fiijJ LA BLB, word of mantf 2. Pan'uhe ism, God in ail things. 

Spell AffD Dbfisb, 

€hro mIt' I€, relating to cobr. Pol t phOn' i€, having many sonnds. 

Mas o €Hro mIt' le, Pol' t oon, a figure of fiuxny sides. 

T£€u' Ni€, pertaining to the arts. Om nif' i€, oZZ-creating. 

Pol r t£€h' ni€, Om ni fa' ri ods, of aU varieties. 

Om Jfis' ciBNT,''^ aU-knowing. Mon' o U)Que, spoken alone, [ties. 

Pol' r glot, of many languages. Pan the' on, temple for all the dei- 



FINED iND I 



TABLE XL 

Thb Prbfixbs Unj, Multi^ &c,. Defined Ind Exemplified. 

Uni implies one; multi, many; XQUi, equaL Anti, sometimes 
written ant, and contra, also written contro or counter, implies 
against ; in opposition. The primitives are nouns, verbs, or adjectives'; 
and the derivatives are the same. 

Manner and Order of Forming and Defining the Words. 

1. F5rm, shape; model, [same form. 1. Spas MdD^ i€, consisting in 

2. CP NI FORM,^ having one or the spasm ; fitfal. [spasm, 
a Mul' ti form, having many 2. An ti spas u6i3^ i€, opposing 

forms. 1. arc' tic, lying far north, ^<^. 

4. E' QUI FORM,^* of equal form. 2. Ant *aW -mt, wp^^xx* '^oa k»xRr^ 



152 TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 



i 



SpiLL AND DeFISX. 

LXt' BR AL, pertaining to the side. U nj €5bn, animal with cm hon. 
AfuL Ti lIt' er al, E qui lTb' ri vm, equality d 

In" ou lar, having angles. weight, force, &c. 

iE^ QI7I Xj^" ou LAR, [flowers. Com ta' drous, catching; info^ 

MvL TI fl5' ROC8, having many An ti com ta' dioua, [tiooi. 

An tIo' o mist, one who opposet An ti fe' brilr, cpptmng fever, 
another ; an opponent [words. -Con* tro terTy to argae ogaimL 
-Con tea oIct', to appose hj -Soun tbb A.e^riOTX, oppetUt Mdkn, 

The Numeral Prefixes Defined and ExEXPuriBD. 

Demi, hemi, or semi implies half; trni, one; bi, ttoo; tri, tkmi 
tetra, four; femta or pemt. Jive; sex or iiexa, sir; sept or 
HEPTA, ieven; octa, octo, or oct, eight; movem or bmkea, luiie; 
DKCA, DEC, or DECEM, ten; CENTU, CBNTi, or CENT, Ofie hundred, 

Spbll and Define, 

Dem' j qua ver,** half 9k quaver. Sept In" ou lab, having teim 
Hem* I SPHERE,^ halfti sphere. angles. [and as many angles. 

Ssm! I cIr CLE, half A circle. Hep* ta con, figore of teven sides, 

U Ni lXt' er al*^ having one side. 0€ taq' o nal, having eight angles. 
Bt d£nt' al, having two teeth. No vem* ber, ninth month of the 
Tsi In" ou lar, having three Roman year, but e^euoiM of own. 
angles. [four angles. !>*«' a hOCrUE,- the ten command- 

Tet* ba qon, a plane figure having ments, or the moral law. [years. 
Pen r^M'ETER, verse of ^oe feet. Cent' u rt,*^ period of a hundred 
Sex tv' NX al, once in six years. Cen Tts' vi al, occorring eveiy 
Hex ag' o nal, having eix sides. hundred years. 



I 



/ 



TABLE XLIII. 

The Prefixes A, Ab, Abs, &c.. Defined and Exemplified. 

A, AB, or ABS implies from ; away from ; separation. A, sometimes 
implies in or on; without; wanting. En, sometimes written bm, im- 
plies in or into; to give, or to make; and it also adds inteneitg of 
t>/f. Be implies nearness ; to make or do «om<&\!b\\i^\ \-nieiu{ti( of 
t'n^. Br impUea aside, or private. 



f. 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 153 

Spell and Define, 

brIixSe', to take yj-om. Em pow' er, to gire power to. 

Ab «€6nd', to flee aivatf from. En rIch', to make rich. 

A BOARD^ on board. Be side', at the side of. 

A r£T' AL ous, without petals. Be sdT', to make stupid. 

A t6n' I€. wanting tone. Be rat*', to scold »enerely. 
En gClf', to draw into a gulf. JBr'-STREEX, a private street. 

TABLE XLIV. 

« 

The Prefixes All^ Ambi, &c., Defined and Exemplified. 

All implies most ; wholly; in the highest degree, Ambi, amb, or amphi 
implies both; aronnd; two, douUe^ or doubtful. Duo or DU implies 
ttco, or douUe. DiA implies through. Dys implies bad, or difficult. 
Under implies below; beneath; suboi-dinate. With implies opposition; 
hack; restraint* 

Spell and Define. 

^££-cnEER' INO, wost checring. Du plIC i tt, double-deaWn^. [ter. 

Aju bi d£x' trous, VLnxwy^ bdth Di ah' e ter, a line through the cen- 

hands with equal ease, [ments. Drs p£p' Br^Jlifficult digestion. 

A3f phjW I ous, living in two ele- Un dbr a oent, subordinate agent. 

Am J8lo' u 008, oi doubtful import With drait ', to take back. 

TABLE XLV. r 

The Prefixes HrPEn, Homo, &c.. Defined and Exebiplified. 

Hyper implies over; excess; beyond. Homo implies the same, or 
similar. Hetero implies contrary^ or different Juris implies law, or | 
Ipgal right, Mkta implies change; beyond. NoCT implies night. Para : 
implies contrary; beyond; by the side of; from. Proto, primo, or 
PRIM implies Jirsf, or original; chief. Sb implies separation; with- 
draioal. Up implies aloft, or oti high; sustaining. 

Spell and Define. 

TJf per €rIt' i€ AL, owfT-critical. Noe tIv'a g ant, roving in the night. • 

Ho MO ge' KB ous, of the sa/»«? kind. Pah^ a mount, superior to others. ; 

/i^r £ J?o ge'nk ous, o(& different Pro' TO TYVE, an or/y/wa/ model. ' 

kind or nature. [of /aw. Se€\ ude', to separate from society. ; 

Ju HIS prO' dencj, the science Up lift', to raise aloft, \ 

Met a MORi'H'osii/^ to change form. Up HdLD\ to 8usf«in or suy^^- ^ 



104 



TOWN'S SPELLEB AND DEFIXEB. 



PABT IV. 



WORDS PRONOUNCED ALIKE, BUT DIFFERENT IN SPELLOfa AND 
MEANING, WITH DICTATION EXEROISE& 



LESSON I. 



As cSnt', an eminence ; a rise. 
As sfixT', agreement ; consent. 

^17' OKR, a tool to bore with. 

ku' OUR, to foretell by omens. 
ATi£, the past tense of eal. 
EIGHT, twice four. 

BXd, ill ; not good. 

BAd£, the past tense of Mcf. 
Ba/l, a surety ; a handle. 
Balb, a package of goods. 

Dictation Exkkcise. — What can ail the boy? The <iU does him no 
good. Arise, and breathe the moniing air, ere the snn rises ! Where'er I 
go, an heir I am. All shoemakers use an awl. Was Noah^s ark like the 
arc of a circle? He had his father's aseent to climb the steep OKenL If I 
ask Iiim for the auger, will it augur ill success? The chestnuts he ale cost 
j him eight cents. They reproved the bad man, and then bade him leave the 
' house. 1 w^l be your bail. The merchant received a 6fl^ of goods. 



A/L, to trouble ; a pain. 
ALK, a mull liquor. 

A/R, the atmosphere. 

fe'ER, a contraction of ever, 

tuK, before, sooner than. 

HtiR, he who inherits. 
ALL, the whole ; total. 
AH^L, a shoemaker's tool. 

ARK, a vessel ; a re|>ository. 

AU€, a part of a circle. 



LESSON II. 



i6fl^of g 



Ball, a spherical body. 
Baifl, to crv aloud. 

Bake, naked; uncovered. 

BfAR, a beast ; to suffer. 
Bat, an arm of the sea; a color. 
Bey-^, a Turkish jrovemor. 

Be, to exist ; to remain. 

Beb, an insect; as, honey-bee. 
Be/1CH, a sandy sea-shore. 
Beech, the name of a tree. 

Bkac^^ a gallant; a lover. 

Bow, Used to sheot arrows with. 



Beer, a brewed liquor. 

B/BR, hand caniaf^e for the dead. 

Beet, a garden vej^etable. 

BKiiT, to strike ; to outdo. 
BfiLL, a metaf vessel for ringing. 
BfiLLif, a gay yonng lady. 

B£r' rt, a small pulpy fruit. 

Bo' rt", to inter; to 'cover. 
BIn, a box for fjrrain. 



Been^^ the past participle of be. 
Blew*^, the past tense of blow. 
Blob, one of the primary colors. 

I Dictation Exercise. — Please toss me the baUj and |lo not bawl so loud. 
! The man handles the bear with his bare hands. The Bey came in the ship 
I \yhich is anchored in the bay. You hhould be as busy as the bee. A besu- 
■ tiful beech stands near the bench. Her obliging beau can n;^ the bow very 
j j^killfully. A brewer makes beer. He was borne on a bier to the grave, j 
; The gardener gnve me a beet. Do not beat the horse. The bell Is ringinjr- 
I A younj? belle h often proud. A delicious berry. Where will you bun 
your friend ? I have just been out to see your larjre binm the bam. The 
f wind Mew the ship on shore. Our gVorVoua o\A ^^^ot T«^^'<«W\A^«xkd&&fe.' 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 



165 



LESSON IIL 



male swine. 
. pierce with an aager. 
the pod of a plant, 
an earthen yessel. 
a kind of fine claj. 
rave; courapreous. 
, rolled rapidly, as a ball, 
an act of civihtv. 
r, the* branch of a tree, 
a kind of plant 
to part asunder. 
>, an article of food. 



Btn' now, a hole for rabbits. 
BdR' ouaa, a corporate town. 

BttT, more ; except ; onl j. 

B&TT, to strike with the head. 
Br, near to; beside. 
Bi;y, to purchase. 
Byb, a stoppinfT-pIaoe. 

€a/k, a man's name. 

€anb, a plant ; a walking-stick. 
€all, to cry oat; to name. 
Caul, a membrane in animals. 

'€Xs' vos, a lai^ ipiA. 

€In' on, a rule of a church. 



produced ; trained. V 

ION Exercise. — The tusk of a boar, I can 6ore with an auger, 
a boUt Give John a bowl of milk. Bole has various shades of 
6oU soldier. He ^otc/ec/ the ball. JSoto respectfully. What is the 
a tree? Brake is sometimes called fern. Did you break the 
*he poor boy is crying for bread. He is well brecL What ani- 
in a burrow t The inhabitants of a borough. The eld sheep will 
»oy, but may not hurt him much. I passed by my uncle's house 
Bnt to buy me a hat. Run to your bye. Cain was the first mnr- 
ive the old man his cane, CuU the butcher to remove the caul 
of the cannon. It is an essential canon of the church. 



LESSON 

., coarse doth for sails, &c. 
)S, to examine ; to discuss, 
to yield up to another, 
to sow with seed, 
cover the top of a room, 
fasten with a seal. [room. 
NO, covering of the top of a 
I NO, fastening with a seal, 
small, close room, 
part with for a price, [der. 



IV. 

CfiNT, the 100th part of a dollar. 
8£nt, ordered away ; thrown. 
Sc£nt, a 8m«ll ; odor. 

Cite, to summon ; to auote. 

Site, situation ; a building-spot, 

SitiFjsrr, the sense of seeing. 
€LkWM, nails of a beast or bird. 
ClaVbs, a part of a sentenee. 

^LiMB, region ; a climate. 

Climb, to ascend with eilbrt. 
€6l' dR, hue ; tint ; dve. 
€Oll' sr, one who culls or selects. 

ION Exercise. — For what is canoag used? I will eonvais the 
I will cede to you the land, if you will seed it with grass. When 
ceil my room? He will Hal the package of money. The cei/- 
room needs repairing. I am sea^tn^ the package. The prisoner's 
1 you sell your horse? The cestion of land was made at the last 
the court. Please give me a cent He was tent to school. The 
flower. Cite the witness to testify in regard to the site for the 
use. The ship is in tight. The clawt of a lion. Read the last 
in. In a wintry c&me. Who will cZim* the hill of science? What 
r of 3'our eyes ? He is a aiUer of hoo^s* 



ON,*"^ a givmg up ; surren- 
ON, the sitting of a court 



1 



156 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



A 



€6m' ple mekt, a full number. 
€6m' pli mkmt, praise or favor 

C5rd, a small rope, [bestowed. 

€ii5RD, harmony of soands. 
€5kk, the heart or inner part 
Corps, a body of troops, &c. 

CocrasE, way; direction. 

Cd^RBE, not fine ; rode. 
CoOs' IN, an uncle's or an aunt's 
€6z ESf to cheat slvly. [child. 

€6te, a sheep-fold. 

£6at, an outer gurroent. 
Dane, a native of Denmark. 
Deign', to condescend. 



LESSON V. 

DEiiR, costly; beloved. 

Dker, a kind of animal. [nigkt. 

Dew,^ moisture deposited it 

Due, that ought to be paid. 
D!e, to lose life ; to expire. 
Dye, to color ; to stain. 

Dire, dreadful; horrible. 

Df ' ER, one who colors. 
D5e, the female of the deer. 
DouBHt unbaked paste. 

VHv, to urge for a debt; a color. 

D6NiK, performed; finished, 
F5rt, a fortified place. 
Forte, a peculiar talent 



Dictation Exercise. — The ship has her eon^Memeni of sailors. Tbe 
lady received a compUmenL He leads his dog by a card. Do your voicei 
chordl A worm is at the core. A corf of soldiers. Their ooiirst was dw 
south. Cbarse salt. Put on your coaL The sheep are in the roto. Ha ii 
a Dant. Will you dtiyn to listen to me? &Iy dtnr boy shall have a tame 
dter. The dew is on tlie grass. What is dot should be paid. The old mut 
<2ie, and the young may. The dytr xj'xW dy your cloth. A dire calamity. 
The young doe was frightened. We bake douyk, I will dun him as looo 11 
as I have dont the job^ The fori is in our possession. What is your/orfef [ 

LESSON VI. 

F5RTn, abroad ; forward. 
FocTRTH, the ordinal of four. 

Foul, filth j ; cloud v ; wicked. 

Fowl, a winged anfmal. 
GTlt, overlaid with gold-leaf. 
GriLT, ill-desert; crime. 

Grate, a frame of iron ban. 

Great, large in bulk, &c. 
GRdiTN, increased In sice, &c. 
GhOav, a deep mournful itei^d. 

Hail, to call ; frozen rain. 

Hale, healthy; sound. 
Hart, a stag, or male deer. 
Heart, the seat of life ; chief uui 



Fane, a sacred temple. 
Fain, gladly; pleased. 
Feign,* to pretend ; to dissemble. 

Fair, free from blemish. 

Fare, price of passage ; food. 
FEiiT, an extraordinary action. 
Feet, the plural of foot. 

Freeze, to congeal by cold. 

Frieze, a coarse woolen cloth. 
FLEii, a small insect. 
Flee, to run away. 



Flour, the fine part of grain. 

Flow' er, the blossom of a plant. . „ 

Dictation Exercise. — A fane for heathen worship. I wonldjWs 

avert the evil. Do not feign to be what you are not. A fair apple. Che 

paid her fare. He performed a feat on a rope twenty f^et long. Will all 

fluids freeze? Frieze has a nap of little tufts. Catch that Jlea or he will 

fee away. It is first quality of four. The flower has fragrance. Stand 

forth. Give me one fourth. Foul weather. A young fowl I have a gilt- 

edged book. The criminal shows guilt. There is coal in the grate. A 

j great army. He has groum rich. I heard a groan. The hail injured the 

f/gni/n of a hah old man. Who klUed lYie kart t \\\% Ivtan V«a ««»aQd to best 



TOWN»S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



157 



^- LESSON 

FlJlRB, a small timid animaL 
UA/R. filaments of the skin. 

Haitl, to draw with force. 

Hall, a lar^e public room. 
Hbbl, the hind part of the foot 
HsiiL, to care ; to restore. 

Hbrb, in this place. 

HsiiR, to perceive by the ear. 
Hbw,^ to smooth with an ax. 
Hue, a shade of color. 

HiB, to go in haste. 

Hioir, elevated ; lofbr. 

IHTm, the objective case' of he, 
HtMJV, a sai-red song. 



VII. 

Hire, to procnre for wages. 
IAIqh' er, more high or elevated. 

I, myself. 

Eye^ the organ of sight. 
In, within ; among. 
Inn, a country tavern. 

In ditb', to compose ; to dictate. 

In dict, to present for triaL 
iSLB, an island. 
AisuLf a walk in a church, 
i 'll, contraction of / will 

Kef, what locks or unlocks. 

Quay,*' a wharf ; a mole or pier. 



Dictation Exercise. — Harm not the timid kart. What is the color 
of your hair f Haul in the seine. The lecture was in the haU. What will 
heal the chilblain on my hed t Just step here if you wish to Aear distinctly. 
He will hew the timber with hi» broad-ax. A sky of purple hue. Hie to 
your work I Set your mark high. Who will join with him in singing the 
hffmnf I will hire him if he asks no higher wages. / have one weak eye. 
He was found in a country inn. If you indict the prisoner, I will indite a 
plea in his defense. On alone, desert isle. /*2f walk up the aisle to my 
seat This key will unlock the door of the store-house on the quay. 

LESSON VIII. 



KILL, to deprive of life. 
EIuv, for burninpr bricks, &c, 

J^NAVE, a dishonest person. 

Nayb* the hub of a wheel. 
/Tnead, to work or mix dough. 
Need, want ; to lack. 

i^NEEL, to rest upon the knees. 

NfixL, to temper by heat 
^NEW,^ the past tense of know. 
New, not old ; recent ; fresh. 

KviGBT, a champion ; a title. 

NiOHT, from sunset to sunrise. 
Kv6t, the part tied ; a knag. 
N6t, no; negation. 



/Tnoit, to have knowledge of. 
N5, a refusal ; not any. 

Lade, to load ; to freight. 

Laid, placed ; stowed away. 
La/n, the past participle of lie. 
Lane, a narrow street or passage. 

Ll€, a kind of gum. 

LlCK, to he destitute of. 
Lexp, paitlif a plant or book. 
Lief, willingly ; freely. 

L£d, conducted ; guided. 

L£iiD, a soft, heavy metal. 
Leek, a kind of wild onion. 



Le^k, to let out through a crack. 

Dictation Kxercisb. — "Thou shalt not kilV^ The kUn smokes. 
Never become a knave. Is this a hickory nave t I will stay and kneeui the 
dough if you really need me. Kneel before your Maker. The smith will 
neal the iron. He knew the carriapre was not a new one. The brave knight 
travels in the night. She could not untie the knot. No one seems to know 
the stranger. Lade the ship. She laid her bonnet aside. It had lain there 
an hour when she walked up the lane. The vamisher is without lac4 bnt 
he does not /acfc-brend. I would as ft*?/' press this leaf as thnt Who led 
you to the lead mines? A leek is a vegetaVAft. T\v\% \i^Tt^ V^ VwV.. 



^ 



\ 



158 



TOWN'S SPELLEB AND OEFINEB. 



I 



LE8S0N 

ifes' 80H, a tank ; instnictioii. 
I Lfiss' sv, to diminish. 
Lib, a criminal faUehoo€l. 
Lye, water drained thronnrh 
I Lo, look 1 seo I behold I [ashes. 
■ Ldir, not hi^h ; humble. 
L6nb, single; solitary. 
Loan, to lend ; tlie thmg lent 
Lore, learning ; erudition. 
Loir' ER, more low ; tq let down. 
Made, did make ; finished. 
MI/D, an unmarried woman. 
MxiM, chief; leading ; principal. 
Mane, long hair on the neck. 



IX. 

Male, the he. kind ; naascnline. [&& 
Ma/l, bag for conTejriog lettMSi 

Meet, to come together; fit. 

MLiT, flesh for food. 

Mete, to measure ; it limit 
M/EN, external appearance. 
Mean, base ; to have in vioir. 

Mbwl,^ to cry, as a child. 

Mule, a domestic animaL 
Mite, a small insect or pieot. 
MioHTt power; strength. 

M5an, to mourn ; to lament m 

Moitn, cut down, as grass. )\ 



Dictation" Exercise. — I have learned my lefton. Opiates 2ttKii 
I pain. Never tell a He. Strong lye makes good potash. Lo I how jtw be 
has fallen ! That lone stranger may have money to loan, A man of hrt. 
Lower the life-boat ! This young maid has made a dress for herselfl What 
;• is the main question ? The horse has a mane, A male animaL Has the 
m(nl arrived ? Where shall we meet, and dine on roast meat t A judge 
should mete out justice to all. What do you mean when yon speak of a 
gentleman's lofty mien f Do not mewl as a child. I have no use for a muk. 
Give me just a mite of it Strive to learn with all your mighL I heard the 
moan of the man who had mown dowu the grass. 



/ 



1/ LESSON 

M6at, a ditch for defense. 
Mote, a small particle. 

Nag, a small horse. 

KnXoi a knot in wood. 
Naf. no ; a denial. 
Nkioz/',^ to cry as a horse. 

l^lT, the egg of an insect. 

iiNlT, to weave with needles. 
OAK, a paddle to row with. 
6re, mutal in a mixed state. 
o'er, a contraction of owcr. [tion. 

Oil, or O, denoting strong emo- 

owE, to be indebted. 

Dictation Exercise. — Is there a moat around the fort? I have a 
mote in my eye. Is this your nag f He hewed off the knag, Nojf^ sir, 
\ tiie horse did not neigh. Destroy that nit. Have yon learned to hiiit 
I Each one of ua took an oar, and we rowed o^er the stream, to see the miner | 
i gather ore. Oh, Iiow painful! 0, you are very kind! How much does 
I he owe you ? Which one of the boys won the race ? Ought 1 to pay aught 
I for damages? Our children may remain an hour. If yon will ease the 
f//^In in my head, I will set the pane of glass. I have a pair of shoes. 
Pleaso pare this pear for me. The pale cOov^t tmA^tba ^.^cmArsi paiL 



X. 

One,^ a single person or thing. 
W6n," gained the victory. 

OuoHTf^ held or bonncLia daty. 

AUG at, anything. 
Our, belonging to us. 
i/ouR, sixty minutes. 

Pain, distress of body or mind. 

Pane, a square of guisa. 
Pair, a couple ; two of a lort 
Pare, to cut off the rind. 
PfAR, a kind of fruit 

Pale, pallid; wan. 

Pail, an open vesaeL 



Aiav 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINKR. 



159. 



PXn' el, of a door ; a jury. 
PjLn' nel, a kind of saddle. 

pEiiCE, quiet ; freedom from war. 
P/ECK, a part ; a fragment 
Peel, the rind ; to strip off. 
Pb>4L, saccession of loud sounds. 
PlXtn, level ground ; clear. 
Plane, to smooth with a plane, 
pLi^M, a kind of fruit. 
PlCn^, perpendicular. 

Polk, a lonj?, slender stick. 
Poll, the head ; place of election. 
pRAF, to supplicate ; to implore. 
Pkey^, what is seized by violence. 



N^ LESSON XI. 

Ra/n, water from the clouds. 
Keion,^ to rule; royal authority. 
Rein, the strap of a bndle, &c. 

Rlif jc, to lift up ; to elevate. 

Raze, to subvert; to demolish. 

Rati, lines of light from the sun, 
Rip, a quick blow ; to strike. 
WhXt^ to fold up ; to inclose. 

REi<D, to peruse. 

Reed, a slender plant. 
R£d, a color like bioo<l. 
R£iiD, perused ; did read. 

Reek, to emit steam or vapor. 

Wkeak, to execute ; to inflict. \[ 

Dictation Exercise. — Is the panel of a door like panned a saddle ? 
I long for peace. Will you have a piece of pie ? The peel of an apple. The 
cannons* pea/. He lives on the plain. Plane this board. A delicious j9/um. 
Is the clock phmb f A pole ten feet long. What is a/»ff-tax? '''Pray with- 
out ceasing.*' Lions watch for prey, A refreshing rain. His reign was 
short Hold a tight rein on that horse. Raite that weight. Raze the city 
to the grouud. The sun^s rayt. What means that rapf Wrap his cloak 
tround him. We read biDoks. That is re«(^grass. It is a red rwe. Have 
we readi Horses reek with sweat. Do not wreak vengeance on him. 



LESSON XII. 



BSsT, repose ; to he quiet. 
IKrCst, to take by force. 

KIno, to sound ; a circle. 

VTrIno, to twist violently. 
KiSE, origin ; accent. 
Rice, an esculent grain. 
4» Rite, a relitrious ceremony. 

Ridfl^T, conforming to law ; just. 

JKritb, to form letters with a pen, 

WvLioHTy a name ; a mechanic. 
R5i4R, a loud continuous sound. 
Ro»f' ER, one who rows. 

Rode, the past tense of ride, 

RdiiD, a public highway. 



Rob, the female of the hftrt. 
RoTT, to impel by oars ; a line. 

Rote, a round of mere words. 

M^ROTE, expressed by letters. 
HotGH.,^^ not smooth ; uneven. 
RtJpp, a frill for the neck. 

Rye, an esculent grain. 

H'ry, distorted ; turned one side. 
Sa/l, to move with sails, as a ship. 
Sale, the act of selling. 

S£x, a large body of salt water. 

See, to perceive ny the eyes. 
Seam, the union of two edges. 
Seem, to appear. 



Dictation Exercise. — He needs revL Wrett the sword from him. 
Ring the bell before you wring out the clothes. The ri»e of the river. Rice 
grows iu warm climates. It is right A religious rite, Mr. Wright will 
write in regard to it. The rower heard the cannon's roar. When 1 rode 
to town, the road was bad. My young roe died. I row for exercise. Some 
sing by role. Who wrote this ? The paper is rough. It is a lady's rvff. The 
low price of rye made him make a wry mouth. My sailboat is for $ale. 
See the ship on the sea. It is a handsome seam^btxt -joxx wwa w^^\sNft^«:kV>x«^ 



k 



160 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 



LESSON XIII. 



Seen, beheld ; ohKenrcd. 
Scene, a view ; part of a play. 
Seine, a lartre net for fishing. 

Sen' idR,**® older in ngo or office. 

Sejon' i6r, a Turkish title. 
SuEiiR, to cut with sliears. 
Shekr, pure ; to turn aside. 
Shire, a county ; a district. 

Slaf, to kill by violence. 

Slky,^ a weaver's reed. 

SLEi(?/r,^ a carriage on runners. 
SL^iGi/T, skill ; dexterity. 
Slight, to neglect; weak. 



Sl5b, a kind of wild plam. 
Sloit, not swift in motion. 

So, thus ; in like manaor. 

S6ir, to scatter seed. 

Sew,*' to join with a needle. 
Sole, bottom of the foot or shoe. 
SorL, the spirit; a person. 

Stake, a sharpened -stick. 

Steak, a slice of fresh meat 
Stare, to gaze ; a fixed look. 
Stair, a step for ascending. 

Steel, iron refined. 

Steal, to take unlawfully. 



Dictation Exercise. — I have teen a inest beautiful scene. Are they 
fisl.ing with a »tine t The grand teignior is ray senior in age. Shear thfl 
sheep. It was sheer carelessness. Which is the sliire-town ? '* Slay and 
eat." I need a weaver's sUy more than a sUiffh to ride in. Those having a 
peculiar sleight for business sometimes make slight mistakes. He is skm, 
but sure. Is the sloe bitter? If it is so tliat you sow grain, how do you stw 
\ with a needle? My shoe has a double sole. Your soul is above price. A 
i wooden stake and a sirloin steak are alike only in sound. Come down a 
stair or two, and not stare so at the people. I would not steal even a steel pem, 

LESSON XIV. 



Stile, steps over a fence. 
Style, manner of writing; fashion. 

Stra/t, a narrow pass ; strict. 

Stra/g//t, not crooked ; direct. 
SOm, the whole amount. 
S6m£, a quantity or part. 

St}N, the source of light and heat. 

S6n, a male child. 
TXcKS, small nails. 
TXx, impost; assessment [ness. 

Team, oxen or horses in har- 

Teem, to produce ; to be full of. 



TrAR, to rend ; to lacerate. 
Tare, a weed ; an allowance. 

Tear, water from the eye. 

Tier, one of two or more rows. 
The, a definitive adjective. 
Thee, the objective case of thou, 

Tii^iR, belonging to them. 

Th^re, in that place. * 

THKOif, to cast or hurl. 
ThrGe, extreme pain; angnish. 

To, at, or arriving at. 

Too, also; over; likewise. 

Two, twice one ; a couple. 



I Dictation Exercise. — Tlie steps of the stile are not sound. The styk 
, of your composition is elegant Sail the ship straight through the stmit. 
: The whole sum was given to some brave soldiers. My «o«, " let not the sm 
[ go down upon your wrath." One paper of tacks is but a small tax on my 

purse. You have a strong team. The streets teem with people. How did 
I you tear your dress? Deduct the tare. Shed not a tear, Man the upper 

tier of puns! Black are the heavens above thee. Their friend vms rtere.j 

, 7% /7>/f> out the anchor. Will nothing ease ray //troe? On ray way to school, 

f/ 1 saw tioo boy 9 quite too much excited. ( 



3» 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 



161 



LESSON XV. 



75 PT, coarse part of flax ; to drag. 
rois, llie extremity of the foot. 

TtJN, a large cask. 

Ton, twenty hundred-weight. 
)sN, for the ashes of the dead. 
I^RN, to gain by labor. 
■ Vajl, a covering for the fiice. 

Valb, a valley. 
Vajn, proad ; empty ; fruitless. 
Vans, a weather-cock. 
Vi^TN,^ a passage for the blood. 
Watt, to stay for ; to delay. 
Weiojtt,! heaviness ; a burden. 
Walk, a ridge on cloth or animals. 
Wa/i#, loud weeping or sobbing. 



Waste, to squander ; to destroy. 
Wa/8T, a part of the body. 

Waf, a road ; manner of acting. 

Weioit,! to find the weight of. 
W^AR, to have on the bodv; to wasto. 
Ware, goods ; merchandise. 

W£atii' KB, state of the atmo»- 

W£th' er, a sheep. [phere. 

Week, seven days. 
W£xK, not strong ; feeble. 

Wood, trees cut for the fire. 

Would, the past tense of will. 
Yew*^, a kind of tree. 
You, the person spoken to. 
£wB, a female sheep. 



Dictation Exercise. — Save the tow. The soldier's toe is sore. Is a 

n of wine worth more than a <Mi of coal? This urn contains his dust. 
[>o you earn your living? A lady's vaiL In a fertile vale. Vain man, be 
rise! What does a vane indicate? A pulmonary rein. Wait a moment, 

you wish to know the weight of your wool. The wale on cloth. Hear 
Sie orphan's waU. Watte no time. A small waisL Step this toay, and I 
will weigh you. I shall wear my new dress. He sells earthen ware. It is 
lifiir wenther. Is this wether for sale? I shall return this week, if not too 
weak to travel. Woulet you like some wood? You can see the old -ewe and 

' lambs near the yeto-tree. 



PART V. 

PAUSES AND OTHER MARKS USED IN WRITING AND PRINTING. 

1. The Comma [ , ] usually denotes the shortest pause. 

2. The Semicolon [ ; ] usually denotes a pause twice as long as a 
Comma. 

3. The Colon' [ : ] usually denotes a pause three times as long as a 
comma. 

4. The Period [ • ], at the end of a sentence, denotes a full stop. 

5. The Interrogation point [ ? ] denotes that a question is asked. 

6. The Exclamation point [ ! ] denotes wonder, surprise, or admiration. 

7. The Dash [ — ] usually denotes a sudden stop, or change in the 
subject ; but it is sometimes used in connection with another pause to 

, increase its length. 

I 8. The Marks of Parenthesis [ () ^ are uae^ \o Vtt^\o*^ wv \xv^\^Ktv\5^^ 

remark, or some explanatory clause or setvletvce, N5r\vv<i\v twv^x.Vk^^^srrrO 



\ 



!j)arts ol 
iJane*8 i 



162 TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 

omitted withoat injaring the sense ; as. Blessed are Vtey (saUh the Scrip- 
tures) that do his commandments, 

9. The Brackets, or Crotchets [ [ ] ], are used to indoae tome corre^ 
tion or explanation, or the subject to be explained ; as, Her [ Wudom't] 
ways are ways of pleasantness. 

10. The Hyphen [-] is used to separate the syllables of a word,te 
mark the division of a word at the end of a line, and to join the simpk 

,rts of compound words ; as, per-se-vere, lap^og. 

The Apostrophe [ ' ] denotes the possessive case of nouns ; ss, 
doll ; or the omission of a letter in a word ; as, Md for lo9ed. 

12. The Caret [^J is used only in manuscript, and denotes whereto 

insert what was left out by mistake ; as in My. Knowledge poi 

13. The Marks of Quotation [ " " ] denote that the inclosed passage 
is the language of some other person ; as, " Blessed are the med6.** 

Note. A quotation within a quotation has only single points $ and the 
! single points should be placed within the double ones. 
I 14. The Index [ 0:p* ] points to something of importance, and worthy 
' of particular attention. 

I 1 5. The Section [ § ] is used to divide chapters into smaller parts. 
I 16. The Mark of a Paragraph [^ ] denotes the beginning of a naw 
I subject. 

17. The Asterisk, or Star [*], and some other marks, as, t, |, §, I, 
I and sometimes the letters of the alphabet and figures, refer to notes or 
I explanations in the margin or at the bottom of the page. 

\)QS. The Marks of an EllipsU [ ], or [ ], or [***♦], are 

! used to indicate the omission of letters in a word, or of words^ in asen- 
j tence, or of sentences in a paragraph. * ^ 

j 19. The Diaeresis [ " J is placed over the latter of two vowels, to show 
i that they belong to separate syllables ; as in coalesce, 

20. The Brace [ | ] is used to unite several words or lines, and to con- 
nect them with something to which they are all related. 

21. CAPITAL LETTERS should be used at the beginning oi every 
Book, Chapter, Note, and Sentence after a full stop ; at the beginning 
of all Appellations of the Deity ; at the beginning of Proper Noons, of 
Common Nouns personified, and of all Adjectives derived from proper 
nouns ; at the beginning of Titles of office and honor, and of the names 
of Religious Sects and Public Bodies ; at the beginning of Nouns and 
other important words in the Titles of Books, and sometimes in the 
Sahjects of Discourse ; and at the beginning of Direct Quotations, and 

of every line in Poetry. The pronoutv T, mv^ ^^'uixwt^^^okii O^^Vsmkl 
fj/also be written in capitals. ^ 






i 



TOWN'S SPELLEB AND DEFINES. 



163 



ABBEEVIATIONS EXPLAINED. 



Ans. 
Adj. 



< 



. Answer. 
Adjective. [Academy. 

Fellow of tho American 
or B. A. Bachelor of Ai-te. 

Archbishop. 

Account. 

In the year of our Lord, 
r Adv. Adverb. 

Adjutant. 

Administrator. 

Aged. 

Agent 
rr Al. Alabama. 

i Master of Arts; Before 

\ Noon ; In tlie year of 

f the World. 

American. 

Amount. 

Anonymous. 

April. 

Arkansas. 

Article. 

Attorney. 

August 

Balance. , 

or A. C. Before Christ 

Bachelor of Divinity. 

Bishop. 

Brigadier; Brigade. 

California. 

Capmin. 

Cashier. 

Canada East ; Civil Kn- 

Chapter. [gineer. 

•Clk. Clerk. 

Chief Justice. 

Company; County. 

Colonel. 

College ; Collector. 
i Commissioner ; Com- 
\ modore ; Committee ; 
( Commerce. 

Congress, 
. or Ct. Connecticut 
r. Constable. 
9oc, Corresponding Secretary. 



C. P. Common Pleas. 
Cr. Credit or Creditor. 

Ct. Cts. Cent, Cents. 

C. W. Canada West. 

D. C. District of Columbia. 
D. D. Doctor of Divinity. 
Dea. Deacon. 

Dec. December. 

Del. Delaware. 

Dept Deputv ; Department 

Dfc. Defendant 

Dist. Atty. District Attorney. 

Do. Ditto or The same. 

Dolls, or $. Dollars. 

Dr. Doctor ; Debtor. 

D. V. God willing. 
K. East 

Ed. Edition ; Editor. 

E. E. Errors Excepted. 
E. G. For example. 

E. I. East Indies, 
ig. England; English. 

Esquire. 

And others. 
Etc. or &c And so forth. 
Ex. Example ; Exception. 

Exr. Executor. 

Feb. February. 

Fig. Figure. 

Flor. or Fa. Florida. 
Fr. France ; French. 

Fri. Friday. 

F. R. S. Fellow of the Royal So- 
Ga. or Geo. Georgia. [ciet^ 

G. B. Great Britain. 
Gen. General. 
Gent Gentleman. 

Ger. German; Germany. 

Grov. Governor. 

Gr. Greek; Gross. [esty. 

H. B. M. His or Her Britannic Maj- 
H. M. His or Her Majesty. 
Hon. Honorable. [tives. 

H. R. House of Ra^t^.-s^wvat 
H. S. S. "F«i\\ow o^ ^^ Y^\*\wVA' 
Hand. "auwdt^^. \g.^^v^v^ 

y 



E0g 
TSq. 
Etal. 





164 


TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEKINER 




Ihid. o» 


- lb. In the same place. 


|MS. 


Manuscript. 




I.e. 


That is. 


MSS. 


Manuscripts. 




111. 


Illinois. 


Mt. 


Mount or Moantai 




Ind. or 


la. Indiana. 


N. 


North. 




Inst. 


Instant ; The present 


N. A. 


North America. . 




Int. 


Interest. [month. 


N. B. 


Take notice ; New 




lo. 


Iowa. 


N C. 


North Carolina. 




Ir. 


Ireland ; Irish. 


N.E. 


Northeast ; New 




IT. 


Indian Territory. 


Neb. 


Nebraska. 




It. 


Italian ; Italy ; Italic. 


N.F. 


Newfoundland. 




J. 


Judge. 


N. H. 


New Hampshire. 




Jan. 


January. 


N.J. 


New Jersey. 




J. P. 


Justice of the Peaoe. 


N.M. 


New Mexico. 




Jr. or Jun. Junior. 


N. 0. 


New Orleans. 




K. 


King. 


No. 


Number. 




Kan. 


Kansas. 


Nov. 


November. [Provi 




Km. 


Kingdom. 


N. P. 


Notary Public ; 




Kt. 


Knight. 


N. S. 


•Nova Scotia; New 




Ky. 


Kentucky. 


Num. or 


Nos. Numbers. 




L. 


Latin; iJord ; Lady. 


N. T. 


New Testament. 




Ut. 


Latitude. 


N. W. 


Northwest. 




L. C. 


Lower Canada. 


N. Y. 


New York. 




Lepris. 


Legislature. 


0. 


Ohio. 




LI. 


Lone Island. 


Ohj. 


Objection ; Objccti 




Lieut, or Lt. Lieutenant. 


ObL 


Obedient. 


^ 


LL. D. 


Doctor of Laws. 


Oct 


October. 




Lon. 


Longitude. 


Or. 


Oregon. 




Lond. 


London. 


O. S. 


Old Style. 




Lon. or 


La. Louisiana. 


O.T. 


Old Testament. 




L S. 


Place of the Seal. [quis. 
Meridian or Noon ; Mar- 


P., pf). 


Page, Pages. 




M. 


Pa. or Penn. Pennsylvania. 




M. A. 


Master of Arts ; Military 


Pari. 


Parliament. 




Maj. 


Major. [Academy. 


Per cent. 


By the hundred. 




Mar. 


March. 


Phila. 


Philadelphia. 




Mass. or Ms. Massachusetts. 


PifF. 


Plaintiff. 




Math. 


Mathematics. 


P.M. 


Postmaster; After 




M. C. 


Memlwr of Congress. 


P. M. G. 


Postmaster-Greueni 




M. D. 


Doctor of Physic or 


P.O. 


Post Office. 




Md. 


Maryland. [Medicine. 


Pop. 


Population. 




Mdlle. 


or Mile. Mademoiselle. 


Prcs. 


President. 




Mo. 


Maine. [Sirs. 


Prof. 


Professor. 




Messrs, 


Messieurs ; Gentlemen ; 


P. S. 


Postecript. 




Mex. 


Mexico or Mexican. 


Ps. 


Psnlms. 




1 Mich. 


Michigan. 


Pub. Doc. Public Documen 




j Minn. 


Minnesota. 


Q. 


Queen. 




Miss, or Mi. Mississippi. 


Q or Qu 


. Question. [s 




Mo. 


Missouri ; Month. 


Q E. D. 


Wliieh was to be r 




Mon. 


Monday. 


Q. E. F. 


Which was to be < 




) AJons. 


orM. Monsieur. 


Q M. 


Quartermaster. 


IMP. 


Member of ParAiametvt. 


\ AXcc^e^ '^s^f X '^i^Q-WJ^i.^ V>8ivr 


1 Mr, 


Master or Mister. 


\ A\ec« ^vit. 'VV.^^iov^YCv^^'eA;xv> 


IJMrs. 


Mistress. 


\\\^?. 


'aM^QTm^^^^v!l^ 


^ 











^ 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



165 



Register, 
t. Regiment [lie. 

.. Rcpj-esentative ; Repub- 

Reverend ; Revelations. 
[, Rhode Island. 

R. Raiitx)ad. 
Hon. Right Honorable. 

South ; Shilling; Sign. 
Il* South America. 

Saturday. 
2!. South Carolina, 

r. Schooner, 

t. Scotland or Scotch. 

2. Southeast. 

Secretary. 
t. Section. 

I. Senator or Senate. 

»t. September, 

g. or Serj. Sergeant 
vt Servant 

Spain or Spanish. 
or Sen. Senior. • 
, or Viz. Namely or To wit 

SHint ; Street, 
r. D. Doctor of Divinity, 
r. Sterling, 

r. P. Professor of Theology. 
1. Sunday. 

). C. Superior Court. 
)L Superintendent. 



Surg. Surgeon. 

S. W. Southwest. 

T. Town ; Territory. 

Tenn. Tennessee. 

Tex. Texas. 

Thurs. Thursday. 

Tr. Treasurer ; Transpose ; _ 

Tues. Tuesday. [Trustee. ! 

U. C. Upper <[^anada. ! 

TJlt Last or The last month. 

U. S. United States. i 

{ United States of Am- 

U. S. A. } erica ; 

( United States Army. 

U. S. M. United States Mail. 

U. S. N. United Slates Navy. 

U. S. S. United States Senate. 

U. T. Utah Territory. 

Va. Virginia. 

Via. By the way of. 
Vol., Vols. Volume, Vaiumes. 

V. P. Vice-President. 

Vs. Against ; In opposition. 

Vt Vermont 

W. West 

Wed. Wednesday. 

W. I. West Indies. 

Wis. Wisconsin. 

W. T. Washington Territory. 

Xmas. Christmas. 



\ - 



WORDS AND PHRASES FROM FOREIGN LANGUAGES, 

EQUENTLY OCCCRIttNO IN ENGLISH BOOKS, RENDERED INTO ENGLISH. 

L. Stands for Latin / F., for French. 



in V ti o, L. from the beginning. 

eap t&u' dum vtll' gus, L. to 
aptivate the populace. 

fi' nem, L. to the end. 

hdm' i nem, L. to the man. 
in fi ni'tum, L. to endless extent. 
In' ter im, L. in the mean while, 
lib' i turn, L. at pleasure, [value. 

va 16' rem, L. according to the 
L Fraii'Vais«', F. after the French 
i as, L. otherwise. [fashion, 

i hi, L. elsewhere. 
TJH ma,^ ter, L. a benisrn mother, 
fra'm, L. graduates of a college. 



In' j mas, L. the mind or intention. 
BeauW i de'al, F. a model of beauty. 
Beani* m6nde',F. fashionable world. 
B5' na fi' de, L. in good faith. 
Bon" m6t', F. a jest; a witticism. 
Ca'sus bCl'li, L. occasion for war. 
Carte* de vi site', F. a small photo- 
.eraph picture fastened upon a card. 
Chef d'oeu' vre, F. [sh& doo' vr] a 
masterpiece. [movement. 

Cofi/> de mft/n", F. an unexpected 
€oup d'e t«ut', F. Sk%\3K^\L<i^ ^^ y^Vnr:^ 

€ul W \iO, X.. ^OT ^\vCWRk\jWNfc^'«-^ 



166 



TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINEB. 



De f^e' to, L. .from the fact [God. 

l)e' i gra' ii a,'i L. by the grace of 

De ju' re, L. by right, or by law. 

Do no' vo, L. anew ; again. 

Dc' o vo I6n' to, L. with God's will. 

Der n/er re sort', F. the last resource. 

En" masse', F.[ang mass'] in a body. 

E plu'ri bus u' num,**^ L. one com- 
posed of manv; the motto of the 

fir' go, L. therefore. [United States. 

'. Ex €8 the' dra, I#. from the chair. 

Ex eel' si or, L. more elevated ; the 
motto of the StcUe of New York, 

I Ex of fl" ci o, L. by virtue of his of- 

Ex par'te, L.on one side only. [fice. 

Ex po se', F. an exposition; a recital. 

Ex posf fUe' to, L. after the fact, or 
the commission of a crime. 

File sTm' i le, L. an exact imitation. 

^ Fille de chiim'hre, F. a lady's-maid. 

I Gens d arm*'s',^| F. armed police. 

H&' be as cor' pus, L. a writ for de- 
livering a person from prison. 

Hte ja' cot, L. here lies, [to fijrht. 

Ilors de eOm b&<', F. ont of condition 

//o t61' di eu', F. a hospital in Paris. 

In €s' se, L. in being. 

In sta' tu quo, L. in the same state. 

In' ter nos, L. between ourselves. 

In tr&n' si tu, L. on the passage. . 
I Ip' se dix' it, L. he said it himself. 

!p' so f^e' to, L. in the fact itself. 

Jen d'es pr'i^', F. [zhu de spree'] a 
witticism ; a play o^ wit 

Ju' re di vi' no, L. by divine law. 

L^'bor um'nia vin'cit, L. labor 
conquers everything. [tongue. 

L&p' sus lln" gnsB, L. a slip of the 

La' sus na tu' rse, L. a freak of nature. 

Mftg'na char'ta, L. the great charter. 

Me mSn' to mo' ri, £. remember 
death. [to tell. 

Mi r&h' i le die' tu, L. wonderful 

Mo' dns op e r&n' di, L. manner 
of operation. [little. 

Mttl' tum in paH vo, L. much in 

Na' ive tc, F. unaffected simplicity. 

N€m eOn, L. without opposition. 

Nc pltls til' tra, L. to the utmost ex- 
tent; nothing further. ^otnot. 
NoHenB vo'iens, L. whether V\©vjVV\ 
Son'^dha Vince', F. indifference. 



NOn cum' pes mfia'tis, L. DOl<l 

sound mmd. { 

Ndn li'quet,^ L. undecided; 
On the qui* viye',« F. on thei 
tem'pora, O mu'res! L. Oki 

times and the manners I 
P&r no' bile fra'tmm, L. aidj 

pair of brothen. 
Pa' ri jM sn, L. with equal ^ 
P&' ter pa' tri so, L father of hitco 
P(r e&p' i ta, L. by the head. [l 
P^ di' em, L. by the day. 
P^ se, L. by itself. 
Pos' se €om i t& tus, L. an 
Post m^H tem, L. after death, 
Pri ma fa'ci e, L. on the first fin 
Pixj bo' no pttb'lieo, L. for 1l 

public gooid. 
Pro et eOn, L. for and against 
Pro pa' tri SB, L. for our countiy. 
Pro ra' ta, L. in proportion. [babi| 
Pro t€m' po re, L. for the t' 
Qua' si,^ L. as if ; resembling. 
Quid ntlne, L. a newsmonger. 
Quid pro <ju5, L. an eqaiyalenL[ig 
R&' ra a' vis, L. a rare bird; a pra 



Re Zh&r' ch§, F. nice to an 
Re su me', F. a summary. 
Sling froid',F. [sing^frwa'] ineol 

blood; apathy. [out can 

Sans sou c'i', F. ][«Uig boo seeH wid 
Se ri a' tim, L. m regular oraer. 
Si'ne di'e, L. without a day tf 

pointed. [indispensably 

Si' ne qu& n$n, L. that which il 
Soi di UMtf, F. [swade Xing'] letf 

styled. [in manneit 

Suftv i ter* in mo'do, L. agreetbb 
Stlb ju'di ce, L. under considefstiot 
Sii'i gCn'eris, L. of its own M 
Sttm'mum bo'nnm.L. the chief gooi 
TCr' ra fir ma, L. the solid eanh. 
u' Bnt^^ lo quSn' di, L. usags il 

speaking. [paniot 

V&'de m5'€nm,L. a constant CO* 
Yerb&^tim et liter&'tim, L.inW 

for word and letter for letter. 
Vi' ce vir' sa, L. the terms b«H 

reversed or exchanged. 
V\' va. vo' ce, L. by tfia living voi* 



TOWN^S SPELLER AND DEFINER. 167 


-a. 


Figures. 


Numeral Adjectives. 


Ordinal Adjectives. 




1 


one 


first 




2 


two 


second 




3 


three 


third 1 




4 


four 


fourth 1 




5 


five 


fifth 1 




6 


six 


sixth 


[ 


7 


seven 


seventh 


[I 


8 


eight 


eighth 




9 


nine 


ninth 




10 


ten 


tenth 




11 


eleven 


eleventh 


[ 


12 


twelve 


twelfth 


[I 


13 


thirteen 


thirteenth 


V 


14 


fourteen 


fourteenth . 


r 


15 


fifteen 


fifteenth 


I 


16 


sixteen 


sixteenth 


^11 


17 


seventeen 


seventeenth 


^m 


18 


eighteen 


eighteenth 


X 


19 


nineteen 


nineteenth 


r 


20 


twenty 


twentieth 


:x 


80 


thirty 


thirtieth 


1 


40 


forty 


fortieth 




60 


fifty 


fiftieth 


• 


60 


dxty 


sixtieth 


:x 


70 


seventy 


seventieth 


:xx 


80 


eighty 


eightieth 


1 


90 


ninety 


ninetieth 




100 


one hundred 


one hundredth 




200 


two hundred 


two hundredth 


c 


800 


three hundred 


three hundredth 


cc 


400 


four hundred 


four hundredth 




600 


five hundred 


five hundredth 


1 


600 


six hundred 


six hundredth 


'C 


700 


. seven hundred 


seven hundredth 


cc 


800 


eight hundred 


eight hundredth 


ICCC 


900 


nine hundred 


i\\ii«k IwMcAc^^^ \ 




1000 


one thoujsaad 


0\i<^ ^<C^M^S«E^^2^ 



1G8 TOWN'S SPELLER AND DEFINES. 



SPECIAL RULES FOR PRONOUNCING CLASSES OF \\ 

Explanations. By a »eparable prefix, we mean Umt part wl 
I be taken from the primitive root, and leave a significant £nglii 
I AS, from impreu, im may be thus taken. 

By an inteparabU prefix, we mean sach combination of a ^ 
\ lalile, or letter with the root, that, as an English word, a sepa] 
I the parts would destroy the English signification of both ; as 
' which, in Latin, is composed of de and puto, but in English t 

may not be separated. 

i PeniJt is the last syllable bat one ; Antepenvh, the last but twi 
i RuLK I. "Words of two syllables, the Jirst of which is a sepj 
j inseparable prefix, commonly take the accent on the second ; as, 
I pro-claim' ; but, if the Jirst syllable partakes of the root, the ac( 

erally falls on the first ; as, nrg'ent, tal'ent. 

I NoTB. — This rule has an extensive application ; and the main exceptions 
I in those words which may be used either as nouns or verbs. When used 
I the accent, in most cases, resU on the first syllable } as, his eon'duct : 

used as verbs the accent commonly fiiUs on the second } as, to con-duct'. 

Rule 2. All words of three or more syllables, ending in abilit 
icalf itif, or e/y, have the primary accent, invariably, on the anieix 
scns-i-bil'i-ty, e-co-oom'ic-al, cu-ri-os'i-ty. 

Rule 3. Words, ending in tiotif sion, ion, chuSf tiotu, cicUe, tic 
tient, tial, tia, cian^ cicU, cia, ceous, geom^ gious, or fffon, when pro 
in one syllable, take the primary accent on the syllable preceding t 
minations; as, con-fed-er-a'tion. Nothing but ity after a/, in \ 
ion, ever removes the accent; as, na'tion, n&'tion-al, n&-tion-a 
Rule 4. Words of three or more syllables, having the ten 
crncy, gamy, graftfiy, logy, machy, metry^ nomy, phony, pathy, tomi 
fysis^ Jerous, gerous, or voixtus, take the accent on the antepenult ; 
a-nat'o-my ge-og'ra-phy the-oPo-gy ar-mii 

an-tip'a-thy de-moc'ra-cy po-lyg'a-my pes-tii 

as-tron'o-my ge-om'e-try phi-lan'thro-py car-ni 

a-naPy-sis the-om'a-chy sym'pho-ny .Aerb-i 

Rule 5. All words ending in tcs (polH-iia excepted) are ; 
on the pentHi ; as, op'tics, me-chanlcs. 

Rule 6. Words ending in ic when a suffix, and with few ex 
when otherwise, are accented on the penult; as, dra-mat'ic, al-pl 
NoTB. — The suffix ic, when added to words of more than one syllable, 
six cases, always changes the place of accent \ as, method, me-tfaod'ic. 

Rule 7. All words of three syllables in aUe, ible, ably, ibly, 
words oi four syllables in ableness, iblenfss, are accented on the j 
blam'a-blc, mov'a-ble-ness. 

Rule 8, AH words in tine preceded by a single consonan: 
ne, and all words in ive preceded by s or c, (except eub'stan-tiije 
jec-tive), are accented on the penult ; as, re-ten'tive, com-pre-h 
Rule 9. All words of three syllables in on/ and ory (except 
i / and va-ga^ry) are accent^ on the ^rst ; as, sal'a-ry, mcm'o-ry. 
H Rule 10, All words of toot© t\\aTv ttoo ^\\\t^Aw \xv J\l\xvN^«Y 
i/the accent on the antepeiwh ; as, rXo^tV^t , veT-^o\V\^? .