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American Antiquarian Society. 




Special Committee hcmng cha/rge of this PiMication. 

Saxuxl F. Havin, 
Nathanlbl Paime, 
Joel Mumsbll. 



















ALBANY, y. Y.: 



VOL n. 


History of Newbpafbbs, Magazines, etc., 1 

In Massachusbtts, viz : 

At Boston, 13 

" Salem, 73 

" Newburtport, 76 

" Worcester, 77 

•' Charlestown, 79 

In Rhode Island, viz : 

At Newport, 80 

" Providence, 83 

In Connecticut, viz : 

At New Haven, 85 

" New London, 87 

" Hartford, 89 

**^ Norwich, 91 

In New Hampshirb, viz : 

At Portsmouth, 93 

" Exeter, 97 

In New York, viz: 

At New York City, 98 

" Albany, 126 

In New Jersey, viz : 

At Burlington, 128 

" Woodbridge, 129 

In Pennsylvania, viz : 

At Philadelphia, 132 

** Germantown, 152 

" Lancaster, 153 

In Delaware, viz : 

At Wilmington, 154 

In JtIaryland, viz : 

At Annapolis, 155 

" Baltimore, 157 

In Virginia, viz: 

At Williamsburg, 163 

In North Carolina, viz : 

At Newbern, 166 

Wilmington, 167 





viii Contents. 

In South Carolina, viz : 

At Charijeston, 1C9 

In Georqdi, viz : 

At Savannah, 174 

In New States, etc., 

Viz. : Vermont, 175 

Kentucky, 175 

Tennessee, 176 

Ohio, 176 

" Mississippi Territory, 176 

" Louisiana, 177 

In the British Colonies, 

Viz : Nova Scotia, 179 

Canada, 182 

New Brunswick, 184 

In the British Islands, 

Viz : Jamaica, 185 

Barbadoes, 187 

St. Christopher, 191 

Antigua, 192 

Dominica, 193 

Granada, 193 

** St. Croix, 193 

** Bermuda, 194 

" Bahama Islands, 194 

In the French Islands, 

Viz : Port au Prince, 195 

• " Cape Francjoip, 195 

" Martinico, 195 

In Spanish America, 197 

Viz : Cuba, 198 

General Observations, 199 

Booksellers, viz : 

In Massachusetts, 205 

*' New IIampshire, 233 

" Connecticut, 233 

Rhode Island, 234 

New York, 234 

Pennsylvania, 236 

" Delaware, 240 

Maryland, 240 

South Carolina, 240 

" Georgia, 241 










To an observer of the great utility of the kind of pub- 
lications called newspapers, it may appear strange that 
they should have arisen to the present almost incredible 
number, from a comparatively late beginning. I would 
not be understood to intimate that ancient nations had no 
institutions which answered the purposes of our public 
journals, because I believe the contrary is the fact. The 
Chinese gazettes may have been published from a very re- 
mote period of time. The kings of Persia had their scribes 
who copied the public despatches, which were carried into 
the one hundred and twenty-seven provinces of the Persian 
empire " by posts;" and, it is probable, they transmitted 
accounts of remarkable occurrences in the same manner. 
The Romans also adopted the custom of sending into their 
distant provinces written accounts of victories gained, and 
other remarkable events, which took place in that empire.* 

It has already been mentioned,* that the Mexicans were 
very expert at engraving and painting. It has been repre- 

' Newspapers were foreshadowed among the ancients by the Ada 
Diurna of the Romans — daily official reports of public occurrences. — U. 
» Vol. i. p. 19. 

II] 1 


2 History op Printing in America. 

Bented as probable that they likewise executed hieroglyph 
ical gazettes ; for when the Spaniards first arrived on the 
Mexican coast, some of the subjects of Montezuma 11 seni 
to him such a description of the Spanish ships, men, etc. 
as not only terrified him with the strangeness of the sight, 
but also astonished the Spaniards themselves, by the ac- 
curacy of it, when the paintings were afterward shown to 

These kinds of hieroglyphical gazettes were not un- 
known, it is said, among the natives of the more northern 
parts of America. Annexed is an engraving of a copy ol 
an Indian gazette, taken many years since by a French 
officer from the American original, with an explanation oi 
the same. It relates to an expedition of a body of Cana- 
dian warriors, who, soon after the settlement of this part 
of America, took up the hatchet in favor of the French 
against a hostile tribe that adhered to the English. It was 
communicated to me many years ago, and, soon after, I 
had it engraved for the Boyal American Magazine. It 
had previously appeared in several works published in 

In the year 1531, a newspaper was printed at Venice, for 
which the price charged was a Venetian coin called 
gazetta ; and hence is derived our word gazette ; the name 
of the coin having been transferred to the paper.* 

The first newspaper produced by the English press, was 
entitled The English Mercurie, printed and published on the 
28th day of July, 1588, in London, by Christopher Barker, 

' I will here take leave to remark, that the statement of facts respecting 
the origin of newspapers, as published in the introduction to the History of 
Newspapers in the first edition of this work, was taken from writers 
whose authority I considered unquestionable. Among the works I con- 
sulted was the British Encyclopedia; but farther researches convince 
me that the encyclopedists made some erroneous statements on this sub- 
ject. These errors I discovered, and corrected at tlie close of the volume 
which contained them, before it came from the press. In this edition the 
oorrtctions are xoade in their proper placs. 


■who was printer to Queen Elizabeth, A copy of this pa- 
per is preser\'td in the British Museum.' 

Another paper was printed in London, anno 1622, the title 
of which was The Weekly Couranf. In 1639, a paper was 
printed at Newcastle upon Tjne, by Robert Baker. The 
Mercuries succeeded, being first published August 22, 
1642, and continued occasionally through the protectorate 
I of Cromwell, and after his death. One was entitled The 
I JIfercMn'MsTiusiitfus, or "the Countrie's Complaint of the Bar- 
barous Outrage began in the year 1642, by the Sectaries of 
this once Flourishing Kingdome ;" edited by Bruno Ryves. 
These papers were generally in quarto, and sometimes 
contained two sheets ; but neither of them obtained a per- 
manent establishment. 

The oldest English newspaper I have seen, is one now in 
I my possession, which was published weekly on Thursdays, 
I anno 1660. The title of it is Mereurius PubUcua, " Compris- 
ing the Sum of Forraign Intelligence : "With the afiairs 
now in agitation in England, Scotland, and Ireland, For 
Information of the People. Published by Order." This 
publication was begun that year; it contained two small 
quarto sheets. A number of books and medicines for sate. 
by various people, are advertised in that paper, which was 
printed in London " by J. Macock and Tho. Newcomb." 
I cannot determine if any other periodical work was pub- 
lished in England at that time ; but Sir Roger L'Estrange 
pablbbed a paper called The Public Intelligencer, in 1663.' 

' UrTbumaa 'Wiitt, the dislinpibbed biblioenipher, aKcertained Ibiil Ibe 
ocptes of UiU alleffeil newspnper. in the British Mueenin, were forgeries. 
»cciilcd about the j'c»r 1788,^i*«»r to Antonio Panaa. — H. 

* Alicr nil that ha» hevn written about cariy ncwspapere. it \a not usual 
to find perfect nrconiey in any one account. The paper wliich our author 
refera to as the Thi Wceklg CouranI, anno 1033, was The Caurani or Wali^ 
Sttcta from Fimijpi Part*, estabtisbed by Nathaniel Butter. Alexander 
Andrews, auilior of Hatoiy of Britith JotirnalUm, in a communicaiion to 
JfoCwiind (faeriet, iBtserieB, xi, 280, eipreeses the opinion that it appeared 
I fint in 1831. He saye also that BuUer published Sept. )l, 1HS2, a paper 
I entitled Neietffvm, nwwl Parit of Chritlendom, It was probabij the aame 


4 niSTOBYOF Printing in America. 

The British Encyclopedia, and other works, state, thai 
"the^r^^ gazette in England was published at Oxford," the 
court being there on account of the prevalence of the plague 
in London. It was " in a folio half sheet, Nov. 7, 1665. 
On the removal of the court to London, the title wa* 
changed to The London Gazette.^^ The publication of news- 
papers and pamphlets was prohibited by proclamation in 
England, anno 1680, but although this was done away 
during the revolution in that country, newspapers were 
afterwards made objects of taxation. 

In 1696, The Athenian Gazette was published in London, 
by John Dunton, whom I have had frequent occasion tc 
mention. In that work Dunton states, that only nine 
newspapers, the Athenian Gazette included, were then pub- 
lished in England. Newspapers were not published in 
Scotland till after the accession of William and Mary to 
the throne of England. In the year 1808, the newspaper 
establishments in England amounted to one hundred and 
forty-five. Of this number forty-seven were published 
in London, viz : nine morning, and seven evening, daily 
papers; nine were printed three times, and one twice a 
week ; and there were nineteen weekly, including eleven 
Sunday papers. Ninety-eight were printed in all other 
parts of England. The same year, nineteen were printed 
in Scotland, and thirty-five in Ireland, making the whole 
number published in the United Kingdoms of Great Bri- 
tain and Ireland, one hundred and ninety-seven. 

The celebrated Horace Walpole observes, that a Gazette 
was published in France, anno 1631, by Renaudot, a phy- 

pai)er as the first named, as may have been that entitled The Weekly Nem 
from lUdy, Oerrnanie, &c. Butter is regarded as the father of the regular 
newHpaperH press. It is stated in Appleton's New Amerieun Cyclopedia, 
that the first attempt at parliamentary reporting was in 1041. But we 
have before us a fac simile of the Ist No. of | Perfect Occurrences \ of \ 
Ev4try Daien wurtuiU \ In \ Parlmrneni \ Of England. \ And other Moderate 
Intelligence \ From Tuesday Novemb. 8, to Friday Decemb. 4, 1640. | Col- 
lected by lion. Walkar Cleric.— U. See Appendix A. 



aician at Paria.' This was prior to the appearance of the 
Journal des Savaas. 

That kind of literary journals, called reviews and maga^ 
zines, appears to have originated in France. The first pro- 
duction, of tliia description, was the Journal des Savans, 
which, according to D'Israeli, made ita dSbut on the 30th 
of May, 1665, and was contemporaneous with the JjOtidon 
Goielte. It was published by Dennis de Sallo, an ecclesi- 
aitdcat counsellor in the parliament of Paris, in the name 
of the Sieur de Hedouville, his lacquey. Some suppose de 
Sallo adopted this method of sending it abroad in the world 
because he thought so humble an author as hie servant 
would disarm criticism of its severity; or, that the scurrility 
of the critics would produce less effect than if directed 
agaiiLSt himself. 

-The Journal des Savans comprehended a variety of sub- 
jects. It contained an account of all books published in 
Eorope ; panegyrics on deceased persona of celebrity ; it 
announced all useful inventions, and such discoveries as 
were beneficial to the arts, or curious in science ; chemical 
experiments, celestial and meteorological observations, dis- 
cuveriefl in anatomy, and in the practice of physic ; decisions 
of the eeclesiastical and secular tribunals ; and the author 
intended to publish an account of the censures of the Sor- 
bonue, kc, &e. In the course of a few years many imita- 
tions of this journal were published in ditterent parts of 

Dr. Miller, of New York, in his valuable work entitled, 
A BrU'f Hilroxpecl of the Eighteenth Century, mentions that 
" in 1671, appeared the Ada Medica Hafnensia, published 
by M. Bartholin. To which succeeded, in 1672, Mimoire.-t 
des Arts tl des &wju;cs, established in France, by M. 
Dennia; in 1682, the Acta Eruditoram, of Leipsic, by Meu- 
keiiitw : in 1684, Les Noucelloi de la UepubUfjue dei 
' It waa called ihe Oautu de Fi-ana.— H. 

6 History of Phinting in America. 

S Letlrea, by M. Bayle, and the Biblioiheque Universelk Cboisie, 
l[ et Aneimve et Modcmc, by Le Clerc; in 1689, the Monalh- 
Uehen Ihiierredungcn, of Germany; in 1692, the Boekzaal 
van Europa, by P. Rabbua, in Holland ; and in 1698, the 
Nova Lileraria Maris BaUhici ; together with several 
others in Germany, France and Italy." These were 
all of that class of periodical works which are called re- 
views. The first publication of this kind in England, was 
The Bistorif of the Works of the Ijfamtd, printed in London, 
in 1699 ; which was soon followed by Memoirs of Literature, 
The Present Stale of the Bepublick of Letters, The Catsvra 
Temporum, and the Bibliollieca Carlosa. These were pub- 
lished in England the beginning of the eighteenth century, 
but they were soon discontinued.' 

The first English literary work, bearing the name of a 
magazine, was published in London in the year 1731, by 
Edward Cave,' and is continued under the title of The 
Gcntlc7)tan's Magazine, at this time. It has acquired credit 
not only from its long establishment, but from its useful- 
ness, and a considerable addition was made to its reputation 
by the labors of the learned doctor Samuel Johnson. 

The second performance of this description, was The 
London Magazine, a valuable publication, which was con- 
tinued fifty years. The Scot's Magazine, is said to have been 

I Utiroipat of the Eighteenth Century, n, 235-6. 

' Edward Cave, the founder and editor ot The BcuUemtiii't ifagazine, 
vbich has been 

"The fnillfol mother of* thouMod more."' 

■wea the Mm of a ehncmaker nt Rugby, in Warwicksliire, England ; at 

wliicli place he received his eduealiim in the tree school. His apprtDlice- 

i ahip he served with Collins, a printer and an alderman's depu^. in Lon- 

L don. When ho was of a^, he wrote for Jfiif a Journal, and became the 

I editor of a country newspaper. Through the interest of his wife, he ob- 

■ tBlned a small place in the postofflce ; and some time after was promoted 

■ to the office of clerk of the fVanks, At length, he was enabled to purchase 
la Bmall printing apparatus, with which be commenced the publication of 

■ ■ magazine ; and, to this undertaking, he was indebted for the affluenoe 
I which attended tlic last twenty years of bis life, and the large fortune he 
>left behind bim. 

Newspapers. 7 

the third magazine published in Great Britain. The Euro- 
pean Magazine was established in 1782. 

There are, at this time (1810), upwards of forty period- 
ical works, denominated reviews and magazines, published 
in Great Britain and Ireland. Some of these reviews are 
regularly reprinted and republished in the United States. 
A list of the works of this description, which are published 
in the United States, will be found in the appendix. 

The British Encyclopedia^ with large additions, in twenty 
volumes, quarto, wa6 reprinted by Thomas Dobson, of Phi- 
ladelphia. It was published in half volumes, two of which 
came from the press annually. 

The first public journals, printed in British America, 
made their appearance in 1704. In April of that year, the 
first Anglo American newspaper was printed at Boston, in 
Massachusetts Bay, by the postmaster, whose office was 
then regulated by the colonial government. At that period, 
I believe, Hiere were only four or five postmasters in all the 
colonies. It was not until after the expiration of fifteen 
years, that another publication of the kind issued from any 
press in this part of the world. 

On the 21st day of December, 1719, the second Anglo- 
American newspaper was published in Boston ; and, on the 
following day, December 22, the third paper appeared, 
which was printed in the city of Philadelphia. 

In 1725, a newspaper was first printed in New York ; 
and after that time, gazettes were gradually introduced into 
the other colonies on the continent, and into the West 

There are now, 1810, more newspapers published in the 
United States, than in the United Kingdom of Great Bri- 
tain and Ireland.^ 


' See further on, a calculation of the newspapers printed in the United 
States, and those published in Qreat Britain and Ireland. See also Ap- 

8 History of Pbinting in America. 

In 1754,' four newepapera only were printed in New 
England, these were all published in Boston, and, usually, 
on a sraall sheet ; they were published weekly, and the 
average number of copies did not exceed six hundred from 
each press. No paper had then been Issued in Connecti- 
cut, or New Ilanipshire. Some years before, one was 
printed for a short time in Khode Island, but had been dis- 
continued for want of encouragement, Vermont as a state 
did not exist, and tht' country which now composes it was 
then a wilderness. In 1775, a period of only twenty-one 
years, more copies of a newspaper were issued weekly from 
the villat;e press at Worcester, Massachusetts, than were 
printed in all New England, in 1764 ; and one paper now 
published contains as much matter as did all the four pub- 
lished in Boston, in the year last mentioned. 

At the beginning of 1775, there were five newspapers 
published in Boston, one at Salem, and one at Newbury- 
port, making seven in Massachusetts. There was, at that 
time, one published at Portsmouth; and no other in New 
Hampshire. One was printed at Newport, and one at 
Providence, making two in Rhode Island. At New Ijon- 
don there was one, atNew llaveu one, one at Hartford and 
one in Norwich ; in all four in Connecticut; and fourteen 
in New England. In the province of New York, four 
papers were then published; three in the city, and one in 
Albany.' In Pennsylvania there were, on the first of 
I January, 1775, six; three in English and one in German, 

iin Philadelphia, one in German, at Germantown; and 
one in English and German, at Lancaster. Before the 

In 1748, five newspapers were priDtnl in Boalon, but one of them was 
dUconltuued ia 1750; & proTiBioual stamp act closed tbe publication of 
two more in 1755 ; but they were afwrwards replaced by otliers, 

' With all deference to Sir. Thomas's knowledge of what was ilone in his 
own time, it still seems hardly prtibable thai the paper begun in Albany in 
17T1, could have been conliniied longer tLan 1778. No copies of it have 
ifaeen discovered here later than the early part of 1773. — M. 

Newspapers. 9 

endjof January, 1775, three newspapers, in English, were 
added to the number from the presses in Philadelphia, 
making nine in Pennsylvania. In Maryland, two ; one at 
Annapolis, and one at Baltimore. In Virginia, there were 
but two, and both of these at Williamsburg. One was 
printed at Wilmington, and one in Newbern, in North 
Carolina; three at Charleston, South Carolina; and one 
at Savannah, in Georgia. Making thirty-seven newspapers 
in all the British colonies, which are now comprised in the 
United States. To these may be added one at Halifax, in 
Xova Scotia ; and one in Canada, at Quebec. 

In 1800,* there were at least one hundred and fifty pub- 
lications of this kind printed in the United States of Ame- 
rica, and since that time, the number has increased to three 
hundred and sixty.' Those published before 1775 were 
weekly papers. Soon after the close of the Revolutionary 
war, daily papers were printed at Philadelphia, New York, 
&c., and there are now, 1810, more than twenty published, 
daily, in the United States. 

It was common for printers of newspapers to subjoin to 
their titles " Conkun'nuj (fw freshest Adrice^'^ both Forcifjn and 
Dof/u',slu' ;" but gazettes and journals are now chiefly filled 
with political essays. News do not appear to be always 

'In 1796, a small paper, half a sheet medium, 4t(), entitled The New 
World, was published at Philadelphia every mornin«? and evening, Sunday 
excepted, by the ingenious Samuel II. Smith, afterwards the able editor 
of Th€ NatiofuU Iiitdligencev, published at Washington. The novelty of 
two papers a day, from the same press, soon ceased ; it continued but a 
few months. This paper was printed from two forms, on the same sheet, 
each form having a title ; one for the morning, and the other for the 
evening ; the sheet was then divided, and one half of it given to the cus- 
tomers in the forenoon, and the other in the aftenioon. 

" It may be remarked that this number of newsi)apers, w^hich seemed 
to be worthy of notice at the time Mr. Thomas wrote, in 1810, is only 
about one-third as great as that which ecas(d to exist in th(j year 1872 ; so 
nipidly do newspapers now come forth, and soon after disappear fnmi 
want of adequate support. — }f. 

II] 2 

10 History of Printing in America. 

tbe first object of editors, and, of course, " containing the 
freahest advices," Ac, is too often out of the question. 

For many years after the establiahment of newspapers 
on this continent, very few advertisements appeared in 
them. This was the case with those that were early 
printed in Europe. In tbe first newspapers, advertisements 
were not separated by lines from the news, 4c., and were 
not even begun with a two line letter ; when tivo line letters 
were introduced, it was some time before one advertise- 
ment was separated from another by a line, or rule as it is 
termed by printers. After it became usual to separate 
advertisementB, some printers used lines of metal rules; 
others lines of flowers irregularly placed. I have seen in 
some New York papers, great primer flowers between ad- 
vertisements. At length, it became customary to " set oif 
advertisements," and from using tj-pes not larger than those 
with which the news were printed, types of the size of French 
canon have often been used for names, especially of those 
who advertised English goods. 

In the troublesome times, occasioned by the stamp act 
in 1765, some of the more opulent and cautious printers, 
when the act was to take place, put their papers in mourn- 
ing, and, for a few weeks, omitted to publish them; othera 
not so timid, but doubtful of the consequence of publish- 
ing newspapers without stamps, omitted the titles, or al- 
tered them, as an evasion ; for instance the Pennsylvania 
Gazette, and some other papers, were headed " Remarkable 
Occurrences, &c." — other printers, particularly those in 
Boston, continued their papers without any alteration in 
title or imprint. 

<!3 * <i3 
4j Ci3 C*) 

4) «fj 45 


4> tt" <?> 

45 <t> <{3 

<t> 4> <$> 









Tho following diTislons explain those on the plate referred to by the nambers. 

1. Each of these figures represents 
the number ten. They all signify, 
that 18 times 10, or 180 American 
Indians took up the hatchet, or de- 
clared war, in favor of tho French ; 
which is represented by the hatchet 
placed over the arms of France. 

3. They went by water — signified 
by the canoe. The number of huts, 
such as they raise to pass the night 
in, shows they were 21 days on their 

5. When they arrived near the 
habitations of their enemies, at sun- 
rise — shewn by the sun beiuii: to tho 
eastward of them, beginning, as 
thov think, its daily course ; there 
they lay in wait three days — rei)re- 
sented by the hand pointing and the 
three huts. 

7. They killed with the club 
eleven of their enemies, and took 
five prisoners — the former repre- 
sented by the club, and the eleven 
heads ; the latter by the figures on 
the little jx^destals. 

9. The heads of the arrows, point- 
ing opposite ways, represent the 

2. They departed from Mont- 
real — represented by the bird, just 
taking wing from the top of a 
mountain. The moon, and the 
buck, show the time to have been 
in the first quarter of the buckmoon, 
answering to July. 

4. Then they came on shore, and 
traveled seven days by land — repre- 
sented by the foot, and the seven 

6. After which, they surprised 
their enemies, in number 12 times 
10, or 120. The man asleep shows 
how they surprised them, and the 
hole in the top of the building is 
supposed to signif}' that they broke 
into some of their habitations in 
that manner. 

8. They lost nine of their own 
men in the action — represented by 
the nine heads within the bow, 
which is the emblem of honor 
among the Americans; but had 
none taken prisoners — a circum- 
stance they lay great weight on, 
shown by all the pedestals being 

10. The heads of the arrows, all 
pointing the same way, signify the 
flight of the enemy. 

12 History of Printing in America. 



There was not a newspaper published in the English 
colonies, throughout the extensive continent of North Ame- 
rica, until the 24th of April, 1704. 

John Campbell, a Scotchman, who was a bookseller and 
postmaster in Boston, was the first ^ who began and esta- 
blished a publication of this kind. It was entitled, 

r N. (t. Numb. 1. 

The Bofton News- Letter. 

{Iubli0l)eb bs Qlntliorits.*^ 

From ^onbaj! April 17, to itlonbaD April 24, 1704. 

It is printed on half a sheet of pot paper, with a small 
pica type, folio. The first page is filled with an extract 

* " The first attempt to set up a newspaper in North America, so far as 
can be ascertained, was made at Boston in 1600. Only one copy of this 
sheet is known to be in existence, that being in the state paper otfice in 
London." See an entire copy of this, by Samuel A. Green, M.D., in the 
Historical Magazine for August, 1857. The authorities objected to it. 
They called it a pamphlet. Felt's Annals of Salem (1849), vol. ir, p. 14. 
If this can be claimed as a newspai)er, may also the sheet printed by 
Samuel Qreen in 1689, the placard mentioned in the New Ilamp. Hist 
8oc. OoU.f I, 252 ? This was issued at the time Dr. Increase Mather was 
ii^ England, endeavoring to procure a new charter for the colony of Mas- 
sachusetts. It was entitled The Present State of the New Ehiglisfi Affairs, 
and was published to prevent false reports. Among the notes to a re- 
print of the first number of the Boston News Letter, we are informed 
that Campbell was accustomed to write news letters. Nine of these 
dated 1708, have been published by the Massachusetts Historical Society, 
in their Proceedings, \i&7, p. 485. — M. 

' At the time this paper was first published, and for many years after- 
wards, there were licensers of the press. " Published by Authority," I pre- 
sume means nothing more than this; what appeared in the publication 
was not disapproved by the licensers. 

NxwsPAFfiRS. — Massachusetts. 13 

from 2%e London Flying Post^ respecting the pretender, who 
styled himself Jan^es VUi of Scotland, sendmg popish 
missionaries from France into Scotland, &c., hy which the 
kingdoms of England and Scotland were endangered. The 
qneen's speech to both houses of parliament on that occa- 
sion, a few articles nnder the Boston head, four short 
paragraphs of marine intelligence from New Tork, Phila- 
delphia, and New London, and one advertisement, form its 
whole contents. The advertisement is from Oampbell, the 
proprietor of the paper, and is as follows : 

^^ This News Letter is to be continued Weekly; and all 
Persons who have any Houses, Lands, Tenements, Farmes, 
Ships, Vessels, Gk>ods, Wares or Merchandizes, &c., to be 
Sold or Lett; or Servants Runaway; or Goods Stoll or 
Lost, may have the same Inserted at a Reasonable Rate ; 
from Twelve Pence to Five Shillings, and not to exceed : 
Who may agree with Nicholaa Boone for the same at his 
Shop next door to Major Davis's, Apothecary in Boston 
near the Old Meeting House. 

" All Persons in Town and Country may have said News- 
Letter Weekly upon reasonable tearms, agreeing with John 
Campbell Post Master for the same." The imprint is 
" Boston : Printed by B. Green, Sold by Nicholas Boone 
at his Shop near the Old Meeting-House." Green was 
Campbell's printer, and Boone was for some weeks his pub- 

No. 2, is a whole sheet of pot, folio, three pages of which 
fire printed, and one is blank. Campbell's advertisement 
is again inserted, and a single new one is added. 

In No. 4, Campbell desires those who wish to have ad- 
vertisements inserted in the News-Letter, to apply to him. 
Boone's name is left out of the imprint of No. 6, and 
" Sold at the Post Office " is inserted. 

From No. 2, to No. 6, the News-Letter is contained on 
half of a pot sheet ; and very few advertisements appear, 

14 History" of Pkinting in America. 

Bome weeks not any, rrora No. 6 to No. 192, it is printed 
on a half sheet of foolscap. No. 192 eontains only two 
short advertieements ; and for years after it was but Beldom 
Bupplied with more than two, and, often, with not one new 
advertisement in the week. 

In No. 71, Campbell inserted the following notice. 

" At the Desire of several Gentlemen, Merchants and 
otliers, who are willing to Contribute towards supporting 
this Publick Print of Int«UigeHce, the Undertaker has be- 
gun where it was left oft', in hopes of others following their 
good Example, whereby it may be carryed on at least ano- 
ther year ; And therefore all Persons in Town and Country, 
who have a mind to encourage the same, may have said 
News Letters every week by the year upon reasonable 
Terms, agreeing with John Campbell Postmaster of Boston 
for the same." 

It does not appear that Campbell hiid discontinued the 
paper, and liis real meaning where he says he " has begun 
where he left off"," cannot now be well understood. No, 
71, is dated August 24, 1705. It is evident from his ad- 
vertisements in the course of this publication, that he 
" labored hard to get it along,"' that he had but very few 
subscribers, and that he did not receive much encourage- 
ment from advertising customers. 

Bartholomew Green printed the News-Lettor for Camp- 
bell until November 3, 1707. No. 176, November 10, 1707, 
is "printed by John Allen, in Pudding Lane near the Post^ 
Office, and there to be Sold," 

In No. 190, Campbell informs *' all who have a mind to 
encourage this Letter of Intelligence," to agree with him, 
'* Post Master of New England, at Boston." 

In No. 210, four years after the first publication, Camp- 
bell inserted the following advertisement. " Tins beiug 
the last day of the fourth Quarter of this Letter of Intelli- 
gence: All persons in Town and Counti-y, who have not 

Newspapebs. — Massachusetts. 


Bllready paid for this fourth Year are herehy desired now 

■to pay or send it in ; with their reaolution if they would 

poare it continued and proceeded on for a fiftli year (Life 

ijiermitted) ; which is only to be known by the numher 

that take it weekly throughout the year; thougli there 

has not as yet a competent niimher appeared to take it 

tuuinally so as to enable the Undertaker to carry it on 

Leflectualjy ; yet he ia still willing to proceed with it, if 

iose Gentlemen that have this last jc&i lent their help- 

KBig hand to support it, continue stiU of the same mind ano- 

ier year, in hopes that those who have hitherto been 

Mckward to promote such a Puhlick Good will at last set 

1 with it." 

No. 390, completed four years printing of the News-Let- 
ter by John Allen in Pudding lane. On the evening fol- 
lowing the day on which No. 390 was published, namely, 
I'October 2, 1711, happened what, from that time until 1760, 
Iras calif d the great tire in Boston. The postofiice and 
lAlleo's printing house were consumed in that eouflagra- 
Ption, The following week tlie News-Letter was again 
printed at Green's printing house in Xewhury street, with 
this imprint, " Boston : Printed in Newbury Street, for JoAn 
Otmpbdl Post Master," whith remained unaltered until 
L October 1715, No, 391 contains an account of tlie tire. 
■ &e Appendix B. 

In October, 1715, E. Green addt'd bis name to the im- 
Kprint, as the printer. 

No. 664 begins the year 1717 with January — tlieNews- 
[Letter had previously begun the year with March, Al- 
L.&ough this paper had at that time been published thirteen 
K^eare it still languished for the want of due support, as 
l^>pears by an address from Campbell to the public. 

It was the design of Campbell that the News-Letter 
lliould give a selected, regular succession of foreign events ; 
nt the BTnallnesa of his paper rendered it impossible for 


History of Printing in America.. 

him to publish occurreiices seasonably; and at the cli 
of the year he found himself greatly in arreara witli 
foreign intelligence. In Nob. 769 and 799, he propoaes 
remedy for tliis ditficulty, which will, jierhapH, he best 
deretood in hie own words, and may give a correct idea 
the state of the News-Letter at that period. 

" After near upon Fourteen Tears experience, The tTn- 
dertaker knows that it's Impossible with half a Sheet in 
the Week to carry on all the Publick News of Europe. 
(tho' hitherto all those of Great Britiaii, Ireland, our own 
and our Neighbour Provinces has been Yearly Inserted). 
He now intends to make up that Deficiency by Printing a 
Sheet every other Week for Tryal, by which in a littl*] 
time, all will become new that iis'd formerly to be Oldi, 
Jan'y. 12, 1719." 

" The Undertaker of this News-Letter, the 12th January- 
last being the Second Week of this Currant Years Intell' 
gence, gave then Intimation that after 14 (now upwards of 
15) years experience, it was impossible with half a Sheet a 
Week to carry on all the Public Occurrences of Kurope, 
with those of this, our Neighbouring Provinces, and the 
West Indies. To make up which Deficiency, and the 
News Newer and more aeceptiible, he has since Printed 
every other Week a Sheet, whereby that which seem'd 
Old in the former half Sheets, becomes New now by the 
Sheet, which is easy to be seen by any one who will ba 
at the pains to trace back former years ; and even thig 
time 12 Months, we were then 13 Months behind with the 

I Foreign News beyond Oreat Britain, and now less than 

Hve Months, so that by the Sheet we have retrieved about 8 

Lonthe since January last, and any One that has the News 

jtetter since that time, to January next (lite permitted) will 

commodated with all the News of Europe &c., contained 

^in the Publick Prints of London that are needful tor to be 
known in these parts. And in regard the Undertaker had 

Newspapers. — Massachusetts. 17 

not suitable encouragement, even to Print h^if a Sheet 
Weekly, seeing that he cannot vend 800 at an ImpressioUi 
tho' some ignoruatly concludes he Sells upwards of a 
Thousand : &r less is he able to Print a Sheet every other 
week, without an Addition of 4, 6 or 8 Shillings a Year, 
as every one thinks fit to give payable Quarterly, which 
will only help to pay for Press and Paper, giving his La- 
bour for nothing. And considering the great Charge he 
is at for several Setts of Public Prints, by sundry Vessels 
from London, with the price of Press, Paper, Labour, car- 
rying out the Kews Papers, and his own Trouble, in col- 
lecting and composing, &c. It is afforded by tiie Year, or 
by the Piece or Paper, including the difference of Money 
fiur cheaper than in England, where they Sell several Hun- 
dreds nay Thousands of Copies to a very small number 
vended here. Such therefore as have not already paid for 
the half Year past the last Monday of June, are hereby de- 
sbred to send or pay in the same to John Campbell at his 
House in Comhill, Boston. August 10, 1719." 

Campbell's difficulties increased. A new postmaster 
had just been appointed, and in the December following 
the publication of the foregoing advertisements, that 
postmaster began publishing another newspaper. Camp- 
bell appeared to be displeased; a "paper war" of short 
duration ensued. {See Appendix C.) Both papers were 
continued; and advertising customers began to increase. 

In No. 821, January 11, 1721, Campbell again addressed 
his customers, and informed them, " This Publick Letter 
of Intelligence was begun here at Boston by John Camp- 
bell the 24th of April 1704, near upon Sixteen Years ago, 
and ever since continued Weekly with Universal Appro- 
bation and General Satisfaction, giving a true Account of 
all the Publick Affairs of Europe, with those of this and 
the Neighbouring Provinces, for the Interest and Advantage 

II] 3 

IS HisTOET OF Printing in America. 

of the Post Office, Gentlemen, Merchaiite and otliers, both 
in Town and Country ; and preventing a great many false 
ReportB. And the Author being etill desired and en- 
couraged to carry on the same by the Gentlemen, Mer- 
I chants and others, his usual Cuetomere, he intends (Life 
Permitted) to answer their expectation, and to forward atJIl 
as regular Account of Affairs aB our part of the World 
will admit of: If he does not Print a Sheet every other 
"Week this Winter Time, he designs to make it up in the 
Spring, when Ships do arrive fi-om Great Britain. Such 
Others as have a mind to promote and encourage the said 
Intelligence may agree with John Campbell in Cornhill, 
Boston, and have it on reasonable Termn left at any 
House in the Town, SeaI'd or Unsealed; and for the ad- 
vantage of the Post Office an Intire Slieet of Paper, one 
half with the Kews, and the other half good writing Paper 
to write their Letter on, may also be bad there for any 
one that pleases to have it every Monday." 

By the latter part of this advertisement we are to under- 
stand, that pome copies of the News Letter would every 
Monday be printed on a whole sheet of writing paper, one 
half of wliich would be blank, on which letters might be 
written and sent abroad through the medium of the post 
office ; the accommodation was the saving of postage, aa 
a letter and a newspaper might be forwarded in the same 
sheet; and newspapers thus printed, were sold by Camp- 
bell at his house iu Cornhill. 

In No, 87fi, Becomber 26, 1720, Campbell, in an address 
to the public, mentioned, that he had published the News- 
Letter " near upon Seventeen Years," and that it was " the 
first and only intelligence on the Continent of America, till 
about ft Tear past, one was set up at Philadelpliia and ano- 
ther here, and how well either the one or the other has 
answered the said Design, and People's great Expectation, 

left with every one to Itctcrniiuu," He infurnis his 

Newspapebs. — Massachusetts. 19 

readers that, ** he designs (God willing) to carry it on 
aaotiier year/' with the usual proviso, that " he is Encour- 
aged by a competant ISTumbers taking it by tilie Year, to 
enable him to defray the necessary charges of Press, Paper, 
the Publick Prints, and Writing of the same." 

On the 7th of August, 1721, a third newspaper in Boston 
was published, entitled 7%e New Midland Qmrani^ The 
publisher of that paper, in an address to the public, hinted 
tiiat the News Letter was " a dull vehicle of intelligence," 
&c. This appears to have nettled Campbell, who in his 
next !N'ews-Letter of Monday, August' 14, made the fol- 
lowing defence. 

" Jl^* N. B. On Monday last, the 7th Currant, came 
forth a Third Newspaper in this Town, Entituled, The New 
England Courant, by Homjo non uaius Negotii^ Or, Jack of 
all Trades, and it would 'Seem, Good at none, giving some 
very, very frothy fulsome Account of himself; but lest the 
continuance of that stile should offend his readers, where- 
in with submission,' (I speak for the Publisher of this In- 
telligence, whose endeavours has always been to give no 
offence, not meddling with. things out of his Province) 
the said Jack promises in pretence of Friendship to the 
other News-Publishers to amend, like soure Ale in Summer, 
Reflecting too too much, that my performances are now 
and then very, very Dull, Misrepresenting my candid en- 
deavours (according to the Talent of my Capacity and Edu- 
cation, not soaring above my Sphere) in giving a true and 
genuine account of all Matters of Fact, both Foreign and 
Domestick,ascQmes any w^y well Attested, for these Seven- 
teen Years & an half past. It is often observed, a bright 
Morning is succeeded by a dark Rainy Day, and so much 
Mercury in the beginning may end in Album Crrcecum, 
And seeing our New Gentleman seems to be a Scholer of 

' Printed by James Franklin. 

' The motto of Franklin's address to the public. 

20 History of Printing in America. 

Accademical Learning, (which I pretend not to, the more 
my unhappiness, and too late to say, viihi prccteritos refe- 
rat si Jupiter Annos) and better qualified to perform a work 
of this Nature, for want whereof out of a design for publick 
good made me at first at the Sollieitation of several Gentle- 
men, Merchants and Others, come into it, according to the 
Proverb, thinking that half a Loafe was better than no 
Bread; often wishing and desiring in Print that such a 
one would undertake it, and then no one should sooner 
come into it and pay more Yearly to carry it on than this 
Publisher, and none appearing then, nor since, (others being 
judges) to excell him in their performances, made him to 
continue. And our New Publisher being a Seholler and 
Master, he should (me thinks) have given us (whom he 
terms low, flat and dull) Admonition and told one and the 
other wherein our Dulness lay, (that we might be better 
Proficients for the future. Whither in reading, hearing, or 
pains taking, to write, gather, collect and insert the Pub- 
lick Occurrences) before publick Censure, and a good ex- 
ample to copy and write after, and not tell us and the 
World at his first setting out, that he'l be like us in doing 
as we have done, Turpe est Doctori cam culjxi rcJ/in/uit ipsum. 
And now all my Latin being spent excepting what I design 
always to remember, Nenio sine crhniiic vivity I promise for 
my part so soon as he or any Seholler will Undertake my 
hitherto Task, and Endeavours, giving proof that he will 
not be very, very Dull, I shall not only desist for his ad- 
vantage, but also so far as capable Assist such a good 

I have a file of the New England Courant for the first 
two years of its publication, with the exception of the first 
sixteen numbers, which are wanting. I cannot, therefore, 
give Franklin's reply to Campbell ; but the spirit of it is 
to be discovered from Campbell's rejoinder, published in 
the News Letter, August 28, 1721, viz.: 

Newspapers. — Massachusetts. 21 

" I®* J. C. to Jack Dullman* sendeth, Greeting. 

" Sir, What you call a Satyrical Advertisement was a 
just Vindication of my News Letter, from some unfair 
Reflections, in your introduction to your first Courant. 
Your reply in hobling Verse, had they more Reason and 
less Railing might possibly have inclined me to think you 
was some Man of great Learning, or as you please to Word 
it, a Meikle Man ; but Railery is the talent of a mean Spirit, 
and not to be returned by me. In honour to the Muses I 
dare not acknowledge your Poem to be from Parnassus ; 
but as a little before the Composure you had been Rake- 
ing in the Dunghill, its more probable the corrupt Steams 
got into your Brains, and your Dullcold Skul precipitate 
them^ into Ribaldry. I observe you are not always the 
same, your History of Inoculation intends the Publick 
Good,' but Letter to Mr. Compton and Rhyme to me 
smell more of the Ale Tub than the Lamp. I do not envy 
your skill in Anatomy, and your accurate discovery of the 
Grail Bladder, nor your Geography of the Dunghill {natale 
solum,) You say your Alo grows better, but have a care 
you do not Bottle it too New, lest the Bottles fly and wet 
vour Toves. You sav you are the AYiseman, and his 
Advice is, Pro v. xx\d. Ver. 4. Answer not a fool accordhicf 
to his folh/, lest thou be like unto him. And not very disa- 
greeable to what I learned when a School Boy. 

'' Contra verbosos^ noli contendere verbis. 

" Against a man of wind spend not thy Breath. There- 
fore I conclude with Verbum Sapienti, 

"''Tufiu^ est, igitur Jidis contendere verbis^ 

'^ Qnam pu(fnare manu. Vale. 

'' Since like the Indian Natives, you Delight, 

to murder in the dark, eshun and fly the light, 


' This nu!knaine appears to have been i^iven to FrAnklin by Campbell, 
as a retort for calling the News-Letter " dull, veiy dull." 

' The Courant strongly opposed inoculating for the small pox, which 
at that time began to be introduced. 

History of Piunting in America. 

This rlvdUliip produced a whole aheet weekly from 
Campbell for about two montlis, after which tho News- 
Letter, like the Gazette auil Couraut, was reduced to u 
hali" sheet weekly. 

In January, 1722, Campbell (tnnounced in his usual 
manner his intention to continue the News-Letter another 
year ; but before the close of it, he resigued hia right to liis 
printer, Bartholomew Green. Campbell had published this 
paper eighteen years; and, during that period, had met 
" with many difficulties, and received but little encoui-age- 
ment. The undertaking could not have been attended 
with profit ; for the expense of paper, printing, and Euro- 
pean publications from which he selected information, must 
have swallowed up the proceeds from his small number of 

" Published by Authority," had been omitted in the title 
of the NeWB-Letter for two years before Campbell resigned 
it, but was resumed when Green began to print it on his 
own account; and the day of its publication was changed 
from Monday to Thursday. 

When Green became the proprietor of the News-Letter, 
great ililfcrcnce of opinion existed in the colony respecting 
the concerns of church and stjite, as well aa concerning 
matters of a more local nature, and the spirit of party ran 
high. A writer of that day observes, " The prena has long 
groaned in bringing forth un hateful but numerous brood 
of party pamphlets, malicious scribbles, aud Billingsgate 
ribaldry, which have produced rancor and bitterness, and 
unhappily soured and leavened the tempers of persons 
formerly esteemed some of the most sweet and amiable.' 

Green appeared to possess a disposition to publish an im- 
partial and chaste paper, and in conformity to this inclina- 
tion, he inserted in the Ne«'s-Letter March 7, 1723, the 
following iiddress to the public. 

'Cuuraiii, No. 30. Fcbriwry II, 172;(. 

Newspapers. — Massachusetts. 23 

The Design of this Paper is not merely to amuse 
the Reader ; much less to Gratify any 111 Tempers by Re- 
proach or Redicule, to Promote Contention, or Espouse any 
Party among us. The Publisher on the contrary, laments 
our Dangerous and unhappy Divisions ; and he would 
always approve himself as a Peaceable Friend and Servant 
to all, and unkind to none ; nor would he ever render Evil 
for Evil, either by action, speaking or writing. He longs 
for the Blissful Times when Wars shall cease to the Ends 
of the Earth. He would rather Endeavour his utmost to 
advance an universal Concord and Harmony ; were it not 
for fear of adding Oyl to the Flames, and he Remembiers 
the Fable which shows him the Danger of Interceding be- 
tween Fierce and Contending Enemies. The Publisher 
would therefore strive to oblige all his Readers by Publish- 
ing those Transactions only, that have no Relation to any 
of our Quarrels, and may be equally entertaining to the 
greatest Adversaries. For this end, he Proposes to extend 
his Paper to the History of Nature among us, as well as of 
Political and Foreimi Affairs. And aiz-reeable to this Do- 
sign, he Desires of all Ingenious Gentlemen, in every 
]»art of the Country, to eonnnunicate the Remarkable 
Thini^s thev observe ; and he Desires them to send their 
Accounts Post-Free, and notliins: but what they assur- 
edlvknow; and they shall be very sj:ratetiilly Received and 
l^ublishVl : That so this Paj>er may, in some Degree, 
serve for the Philosophical Transactions of New Encjland^ as 
well as for a Political Historv; and the Thini»:s worthy of 
Recordinii: in tliis as well as in other l^irts of the 
AVorkl, may not proceed to sink into eternal Oblivion as 
they have done in all the past Ages of the Aboriginal and 
Ancient Inhabitants." 

In 1725, "Published by Authority," again disappeared 
from the title of the Xews-Letter. Green continued its 
iml)li(*ation without any thing particular attending it, until 

24 History of Printing in America. 

the last week of December 1726, Xo. 1196. The week 
following he altered its title to The Weekly News-LetieTj 
and l)egan this alteration of title with No. 1, and discon- 
tinued " the method of carrying on a Thread of occur- 
rences of an Old Date;" intending to publish weekly 
the latest intelligence he could procure. The paper, with 
the alteration of title, progressed to No. 200, October 29, 
1730 ; Green then added the No. 200 of the Weekly News- 
Letter, to the former number 1196 of the Boston News- 
Letter, and the following week began with No. 1397, and 
combined the former and the latter title, calling it The 
Boston Weekly Nacs-Letter} On this occasion he published 
the following advertisement, viz. : 

" The Publisher of this Boston News-Letter, having in 
concert with the late Mr. Campbell, began to Print the 
same with Numb. 1, on April 24, 1704, and it being carried 
on with the Ilistorv of Publick Affairs to No. 1196, which 
was on December 29, 1726, and then with January 5th, 
1726-7, began with a new Number which amounted on the 
last Thursday to 200. It is now tho't adviseable to add the 
said Number 200, to the former 1196, which makes 1396, 
the whole of our Number from the said 24th of April, 1704, 
and now go on with Numb. 1397," <&c. 

No other alteration in the News-Letter took place during 
its publication by Green. lie dying, John Draper suc- 
ceeded him, and began the jmblication of the News-Letter 
January 4, 1733. \\q announced it as follows. 

" fl®* ^Ir* Bartholomew Green, who has for some 
Years past l)een the V\ih\\r*\\QT oi ihx'A Boston Weekly News- 
Ijctter, being dead, this is to Inform the Publick in gene- 
ral, and those who are the Customers for it in particular, 
that it will be yet carried on, and sent out every Week 
on Thursday Morning at the usual Price by John Draj)er, 

' Green did not publisli two papers at the same time, as mentioned in 
the Historical Collections, vol. vi, page 07. 

Newspapers. — Massachusetts. 



(Soo-in-Law to the said Mr, Green} who has been an 
AB»istaat with him in the said News-Letter : And, that 
Care will be yet constantly taken to insert therein nil the 
most remarkable Occurrences, both Foreign and D<iniee- 
tick, that come to hand well attested. And all the Eev. 
Ministers, or other Gentlemen, both of Town and Country, 
who may at any time receive any thing worthy of pub- 
lishing, are desired to send it to the said John Draper, 
at the Printiijg-Houae in Newbury-Street, that lately be- 
long'd to the said Mr. Green deceas'd, and it will be 
thankfully received, and communicated to the Publtek : 
And it will yet be endeavoured to render This Weekly 
Paper as informing and entertaining as possibly can he, to 
the Satisfaction of all who do or may encourage it." 

Draper printed the News Letter thirty yeai-s. lie died 
in November, 1762, and his son Richard Draper continued 
its publication. At that time, the title was enlarged as 
fnliows : The Boston Wfikli/ Nt-ws Letter and New England 
Chronicle, In about a year the title was again altered to 
Th£ Massachiaetla G<i2ett£ ; and Boston Newes Lietter, and 
waa decorated with the king's arms.^ Richard Draper, 
aboat this time, took his kinamau Samuel as a ]>artiier, 
and the imprint ran thus ; " Published by Richard Draper, 
Printer to the Governor and Council, and by Samuel 
Draper, at the Printing Office iu Newbury Street," After 
the death of Samuel Draper, Richard remained several 
years without a partner. 

In May, 1768, a singular disposition waa made of the 
paper. The dispute between Great Britain and the colo- 
nies induced the government particularly to patronize 
The MoswchtLsetts -Gazette, and another paper, the Boston 
Pos( Boj/ and Advertiser, printed by Green and Russell, 

26 History of Printing in America. 

To give them the features and the consequence of goveri 
mental papers, the publishers of them were directed 1 
insert in the title of each paper, " Published by Authority, 
The News Letter was published on Thursdays, and tl: 
Post Boy on Mondays. Each paper was divided into tw 
equal parts. Half of each paper was entitled, " Tl: 
Massachusetts Gazette, Published by Authority;" an 
the other half bore their former respective titles. Fc 
instance, the old title of Boston News Letter was reassumec 
and under this title, newsand advertisements filled one ha 
of a whole sheet; the other half of this sheet was entitles 
" The Massachusetts Gazette, Published by Authority ; 
the contents of this half, like the other, being news, adve 
tisements, and, occasionally, the proceedings of governmei 
and public bodies. The same method wa« taken by Gree 
and Russell. One half of the sheet bore the title of Poi 
Boy and Advertiser, and the other half that of '* Tl 
Massachusetts Gazette, Published by Authority." Tw 
hundred and seventy-six weeks previously to this ne 
mode of publication, Draper had added 3Iassachusct 
Gazette to the title of the News Letter. Green and Russe 
began publishing in the mode described, on Monday, an 
Draper on Thursday of the week. Green and Russell ther 
fore numbered that part of their sheet which was to bear tli 
title of Massachusetts Gazette, 277. Draper on the Thur 
day following numbered his 278, and as long as this mod 
of publishing the Gazette by authority continued, tli 
number for one press was reckoned from that of the othe 
It was in fact publishing a half sheet Gazette " By Ai 
thority " twice in a week, once by Draper and once b 
Green and Russell. Each press furnished the royal arn 
for the head of the Gazette. 

The first time Draper published this " Adam and E\ 
paper," joined together ** by authority," the following a< 
vertisement was inserted after the title of the News-Lette 

Newspapers. — Massachusetts. 


" The Thursday's paper' (the first ever printed in Ame- 
rica) returns to its primitive Title, the Gazette being 
directed by Authority to be published in another manner. 
The customers will be served with Care and Fidelity; 
and those who advertise herein may depend on having 
their Notifications well circulated. 

" X. B. A Gazette will accompany the News Letter 
every Thursday (tho' not always in a separate paper) 
Articles of Intelligence and of publiek Utility will be 
thankfully received, and due notice taken of them by di- 
recting to Richard Draper." 

This method of publishing the Gazette was discontinued 
at the close of September 1769, and Draper reestablished 
the title as it stood at the beginning of May, 1768, viz. 
TJu Massachusetts Gazette and Boston Weekly News Letter. 
"Published by Authority," was omitted: but it continued 
to be a government paper. 

In May, 1774, Draper took John Boyle as a partner in 
publishing the News Letter; the next month Draper died. 
His widow, Margaret Draper, succeeded bimaa proprietor 
of the paper, and Boyle was for a short time her partner ; 
but they separated before the commencement of the revo- 
lutionary war. After the war began, John Ilowe became 
her partner, and remained in business with her until the 
British troops left Boston in 1776; when the publication 
of the News-Letter ceased, and was never revived. 

Thus began and ended The. Boston News Letter. It 

was the first newspaper published in this country, and the 

I onlyone printedin Boston duringthe siege. Ihavetaken 

more particular notice of this first paper, than I shall of 

I those whicli follow. It was published seventy-two years. 

For several years before the revolution, many able 
[ writers on the side of government, and some of its first 

Tbere wad ul this time iio other oewspaper printed on Thursdays iu 

28 History of Phinting in America, 

officers, under various signatures, appeared in this paper : 
and wliile conducted by Bichard I>raper, its colleetion of 
news was not inferior to that of any public journal in 

John Campbell, the fii-at proprietor, lived about five 
years after he reaigued his right to Green. His death is 
thus mentioned in the News Letter of March 7, 1728. 
" On Monday Evening last, the 4th Currant, about 8 a Clock, 
died here John Campbell, Esq, Aged 75 Tears, formerly 
Post Master in this Place, Publisher of the Boston News 
Letter for mam- Years, and One of hie Majesties Justices 
of the Peace for the County of Suttblk." 

Bofton Gazette. 


Pttblishtd by Ablbsrity. 

From Moixliy Decei 

, In Monday Dec. 

This newspaper was first pubhsUed for "William Brooker, 
who succeeded Campbell as postmaster. It was the 
second which made ita appearance in British America. 

No. 1 was issned from the press on Monday, December 
21, 1719, on a half sheet of printing foolscap, on a small 
pica type, folio; and it was continued on a half sheet of 
that size of paper for several years, excepting occasionally 
a whole sheet, and then one page was often lell blank. It 
had a cut of a ship on the left, and one of a postman on the 
right of the title, and was " Published by Authority." Its 
imprint was, " Boston : Printed by J. Franklin, and may 
be had at the Post Office, where advertisements are taken 
in." This paper also began the year with March the first 
year, but the following with January. 





The appearance of the Gazette ' occasioned some alterca- 
tion between its publisher and the publisher of the ?few3- 
Letter. In No. 3, we have the following advertieemeut. 

" Post Office, January 4th. The Approbation this Paper 
iy met with from the better Part of the Town, de- 
a suitable Acknowledgment from this office, with 
iied assurances, that it shall be carried on in such a 
manner as to render it both beneficial and entertaining." 

The proprietor, printer and publisher of the Gazette, 
were soon changed. Philip Musgrave succeeded Brooker 
as postmaster a few weeks after the Gazette was published. 
So. 36, is printed by S. Kneeland ; and the imprint of No. 
41, is, "'Boston Printed by S. Kneeland, for Philip Mus- 
grave, Post Master, at his Office in Coni-Hill, where Adver- 
tisements are taken in, and all Gentlemen andotliera, may 
be Accommodated with this Paper." 

The Gazette was printed by Kneeland for Musgrave until 
1726, and that year it was printed by Kneeland for Thomas 
Lewis, postmaster. 

In 1727, Hertry Marshall was postmaster, and the Ga- 
zette had another printer,' Bartholomew Green, son of the 
printer of the News-Letter. It was printed for Marshall 
till May, 1732, when he died, and the Gazette was after 
his death published by John Boydell, who succeeded 
Marshall, and was again printed by Kneeland and his 
partner. In 17-34, Ellis Huske, being appointed postmaster, 
began the publication of another paper, The Post-Boy ; but 
Boydell continued to publish the Gazette till he died in 
December, 1739;' and, it then was printed for his heirs 

< There wen tbree Boston OoEetlcs in Buccesaion before the revolution. 
This nas the Orel of them. 

•Prum the Boston Gazette, of December 17,1739. " On Tuesday !a»l 
died here in the 4Slh year of his age, John Boydell, Esq. ; late Publisher 
«( this Paper. Kndsorae tlmeOeimt.v PoHt-M&ater within tbiaandlbe Ihrco 
BeighborinK Qovernmenta ; than nbom none ever lived in this Province 
ffloFc gcaenllf eslceiu'd and beloved, u an honest worthy man, by Per- 


History of Printing in Amekica. 

until October, 1741, when Kneeland & Green became the 
proprietore of it. Four postmasters in succession had 
conducted The Buston Gazette, before it was owned by 
Kneeland & Green, When this paper became their pro- 
perty, they incorporated it with The New England Weekly 
Journal, which they had printed on tlieir own account for 
nearly fifteen years. The title was altered to 7'he Boston 
Gazette and Weelcti/ Journal, to show that the Journal waa 
combined with the Gazette, Kneeland & Green continued 
to publish the Gazette in this altered form until 1752. 
This paper then, after having been published thirty-three 
years, was succeeded by another mth the same title, which 
I shall mention in its place. 

When Kneeland & Green beg& ^■o publish the Gazette 
and Journal eoiijointly. on their own account, they printed 
it on a half sheet of paper of the size of foolscap, in quarto, 
and introduced new devices. "Published by Authority," 
had been omitted in the title many years. 

Wliile the Gazette was printed for Boydell, its size waa 
altered to a half sheet crown, iu quarto; and, after he 
quitted the postoffiee, the cut ot* a postman on horseback, 
on the right of the title, was exchanged for a pine tree. 
Wlien Kneeland & Green began to publish it for them- 
selves, the cut of a ship was placed on the right of the 


BODB of itll Kuiiks, Perawaeioiia and Parliea, or waa more Innientecl aa such 
at his Death. He first came over from England into this Country in the 
year 1716. Secretary to the late worthy Qovemor Shute, und Register of 
the C^urt ot Vice AiJmiralty for tliis Province, New-Hampshire aad 
Rbode-Ialand ; after which lie waa a|)pointed Register of the Court of 
ProbaU; of Wills, &c.. for the County of Suffolk, and Naval oIBcer for the 
Fori nf Boston ; all which offices he i]i»chnrged with such singular dili- 
gt-u. . , integrity and goodness, that Lbis community never lost a more use. 
ful and valuable member, than he was in his degree and station." 
The Ballon Qazettc. of the suiue dale, contains the following udvertise- 

" This is to acquaint the Publick, That this Paper will be carried on as 
usual for the Beni-flt of the Family of the late Publisher Mr. JoUu Boydell. 

Newspapers. — Massachusetts. 31 

title ; the pine tree was omitted, and the cut of a news- 
carrier, holdi:ig a Gazette in his hand, was introduced on 
the leil. After printing it several years in quarto, they 
again printed it on a half sheet foolscap, folio ; hut occa^ 
sionally in quarto. This paper was diecontiniied in 1752, 
on itcconnt of the diseolation of the partnership of its pub- 

The New-England C URANT. 

This was the third newspaper which made ita appear- 
ance in Boston. It was first printed and published Monday, 
August 17, 1721, by J. pes Franklin, on a half sheet of 
crown size printing paper, on a small pica type, occasion- 
ally on long primer, but after two years generally on 
pica. It was printed on Saturdays during the latter years 
of its publication. Imprint — " Boston : Printed by James 
Franklio, in Queen Street, where Advertisements are taken 

Among the reasons whieh induced Franklin to publish 
the Courant, probably one, which was not the least con- 
siderable, was grounded on the circumstance of the pub- 
lisher of the Gazette having taken the printing of it from 
him, and given it to another printer. He warmly attacked 
Musgrave, the publisher of the Gazette, in some of the 
first numbers of the Courant, and endeavored to have him 
turned out of office. 

The Courant contained very little news, and very few 
advertisements. More than half of the paper was, vritlj fpw 
exceptions, tilled weekly with essays, in which mt,i'"tn 
office, the clergy, and the prevailing religious opinions of 
I the day, were attacked. Inoculation for the small pox, 
then newly introduced, was warmly, if not rudely, opposed, 
A aoeietj- of gentlemen furnished these essays. By moder- 

32 History of Phinting in America. 1 

ate people tliis society was called a set of " Free Thinkers ; " 
by others, it was deuominated the " Hell Fire Club." The 
essays of this society were at times opposed in the Gazette, 
and in the Kews Letter; and these papers in turn were 
warnjly attacked in the Courant, but rather by satire than 
argument. Some of the essays in the Courant were evi- 
dently written by men of talent. 

A periodical paper with these animating features was a 
novelty in Boston ; and of course attracted general notice, 
and Boon had warm advocates and zealous opposera. It 
roused the attention of the government, and excited clerical 
resentment. The reverend Doctor Increase Mather WEie 
one of the first who openly denounced the Courant, by an 
address to the public, inserted in the Boston Go^efte, Janu> 
ary 29, 172^. This address may afford entertainment to 
mitny who are acquainted with the present management 
of the press. It is as follows : 

"Advice to the Pub! ick from Th\ hierease Mather. ^Vhereaa 
a wicked Libel called the New England Courant, has repre- 
sented me as one amonj^ the Supporters of it ; I do hereby 
declare, that altho' I bad paid for two or three of them, I 
then, (before the last Courant was published) sent him 
word I was extremely offended with it I In special, because 
in one of hia Vile Coicranis be insinuates, that if lite Minis- 
ters of God approve of a thing, it is a Siffti it is of the Devil ; 
which is a horrid thing to be related ! And altho' in one 
of the Courants it is declared, that the London Mercury 
Sept. 16, 1721, atfirras that Great Numbers of Persons in 
the City and Suburbs are under the Inoculation of the 
Small Pox ; In his next Courant he asserts, that it wa« 
some Busy Inocidalor, that imposed on the Fulilick in saying 
so ; Whereas I myself saw and read those words in the 
London Mercury: And he doth frequently abuse the Minis- 
ters of Religion, and niiiny other worthy Persons in a man- 
ner, which is intolerable. For these and such like Reasons 

Newspapers. — Massachusetts. 



I signified to tlie Printer, tbat I would have no more of 
their Wickal Oturants. I that have known what New Eng- 
land was from the Beginning, cannot but he troubled to 
Bee the Degeneracy of tliis Place. I can well renicniher 
when the Civil Government would have taken an ett'ectnal 
Course to suppress such a C'ltrxd Libel ! which if it he not 
done I am afraidthatsome^ic/'«? jM(ijrffiCT( will come upon 
tliis Land, and that tlie Wraih of God wiU arise, and fktre 
Kill he no Bemedij. I cannot but pity poor F)-anklm, who, 
tiio' bat a Yoioiff Man, it may be Sj>eedili/ he must appear 
before the Judgment Sent of God, and what answer will 
he give for printing things so vile and abominable ? And I 
cannot but Advise tlie Supporters of tliin Courant to consi- 
der the Consequences of being Partakers in other Mens 
Sins, and no more Counteuauee siicb a Wicked Paper. 
January 24th, 1721." ' 

This address was attacked in the next Courant with con- 
siderable ability; and its writers went on as usual. 

The New-England Courant had not been published twelve 
months before Franklin was apprehended by an order from 
^vertiment, and imprisoned four weeks in the common 
jaiL Besides this piinisliment of the publisher, the couueil 
further manifested their disapprobation of the Courant by 
the following resolve. 

"In Coiuieil, .Tuly 5th, 1722." 
" Whereas in the Paper called tlie Netc Englarui (Jouranl, 
Eliriiited Weekly by James Franklin, many passages liave 
vlieeii published boldly reflecting on His Miyesty's Govern- 
■•meut and on the Administration of it in this Province, t}ie 
PMinistjy, Obnrclies and College; and it very often contains 
Pparographs tbat tend to fill tlio Readei-s minds with vanity 
\i the Dishonor of God, and disservice of Good Men. 

'Old bIjIp. bpginnmg lEip year willi Marfb, wUicti iiliiccs Jftniiary ii 
Bim, iaslend itt 1T23 i^reiaihly to the new stjlc. 

34 Hjstobt of Printing in America. 

"Resolyed, that no 8uch "Weekly Paper be hereafter 
Printed or Pnbliahed without the same be first perueed and 
allowed by the Secretary, aa has been usual. And that 
the Baid Fraiiklln give Security before the Justices of the 
Superior Court in the Sum of 100?. to be of the good Be- 
haviour to the End of the next Fall Sessions of this Court, 
Sent down for Concurrence." 

" Head and N"on-concurred." 

Tlie failure of the council to restrain the freedom of the 
presB in respect to the Courant, and the release of its 
printer from inipriaonmcnt, encouraged the elub to pro- 
ceed with increased boldness. An essay published the 
week following is thus headed : 

" And then, ofter they had mnithaiidtizeil and curs'd a Man 
to the Decily and Oi£ Ikcil did tiot, or would not take him, then 
to make the Sheriff aiid the Jai/lor to take the Devil's Leavings. 
Postscript to Hickeringill's Sermons on the horrid Sin of 
Man Catching, Pago 39." 

The elub also published the twenty-ninth chapter of 
Magna Charia, with comnieut*;' and then applied the 
Lash* ae it was termed, with the greater energy, especially 
to the governor and some of the clergy. The governor soon 
after went to England.' 

On the 14th January, 1723, the council again took Tlte 
Neic-England Courant into consideration, and passed an 
order thereon, which was sent down to the house of repre- 
Bentativee. In consequence of which the following act was 
passed, and ordered to be published three weeks success- 
ively in The Boston News Letter, and in the Boston Gazette. 

' Dr. Franklin mcnlioas this club. S«e his Life. 

'No. n3 baslhUadvcrtiBemEni. "This pitper (No. 52), begins the fifUi 
qnarier, and tliose that have noi psiil fur THE LASH urc desired to seud 
in llicir moni'y, or pay il V> tlie Bearer." [Si* Bucl(irgUam's Nmr^aper 
LUerature, vol. i, p. 0(1, corrtciiiig iliis note. — M.], 


Newspapers. — Massacuusetts, 


"At a great & Gt-neral Court of Assembly of Ilia 
Majesty's Province of thu Massafliusetta-Bftj-, held at 
Boston the fifteenth Day of November, 1722. 

" In Council, Jan. 14, 1722.' 
" Whereas the Paper called The N'ew Engknd C'ourant, 
of this Day's dat«, contains many Passages in wliicli the 
Holy Scriptures are pereerte<i, and the Civil government, 
Ministers and People of this Province highly reflected on, 
Ordered, Ttuil William Tailer, Saml. SewaJ, and Penn 
Towneend, Ea<i"- ^vith such as the Uonourable House of 
Representxttives shall join, he a Committee to consider and 
Report what is proper for this Court to do tliereon, 
" Sent down for Concurrence, J. Willahd, Secretary." 

"In the House of Representatives, Jan. 14th, 1722. 
Read and Concurred, and Mr. Fulham, Mr. Remington, 
>Ir. Stone, and Mr. Knolton be joined with them. 

John Clark, Speaker." 

" The Committee appointed to consider of the Paper 
Killed The New England Courant, published Monday the 
Fourteenth, Currant, are hambli/ of Opinion that the Tend- 
ency of the said Paper is to mr>ck Religion, and bring it 
I into Contempt, that the Holy Seriptiircfl are therein pro- 
&nely abused, that the Reverend and Faithful Ministers 
I of the Gospel are injuriously reflected on, His Majesty's 
I- Government affronted, and the Peace and good Onler of 
llEa Majesty's Subjects of this Province disturbed, by the 
f said Courant ; And for prevention of the like Offence for 
[ the Future, the Committee humbly propose, That James 
I Prankl'm, the Printer and Publisher thereof, be strictly 

' At this titite, in uU It'gul proceedings, thi: year began wilh Htircli, of 
Miree Ilic Hnnlh of Janiiaiy, ITS'J, was attucti(^cl to tho latt(.-r parLof tb&t 

jrear; but gmerally tLe year beginning witli Januarj-, would carry tbia 

moDtb into 1T38, as baa beuu already stiitud. 

36 HisTOET OF Printikg in America. 

forbidden by this Court, to Print or PiiWish the New Kng- 
land Coui-aut, or any Pamphlet or Paper of tbe like Nature, 
except it be fimt supervised by the Secretary of thia Pro- ( 
vinoe; And the Juataees of Ids Majesty's Sessions of the ■ 
Peace for the County of Sutlblk, at their next Adjourn- 
ment, be directed to take sufficient Bonds of the said f)v.j}k' 
tin, ibr his good Behaviour for Twelve Months Time. 
"Per Order of the Committee, 

William Tailbr." 

" In Council Jan. 15th, 1722. Read and Accepted." 
" Sent down for Concnrrenee. J. Willard, Secretary." 

" In the House of RepresentativeB, Jan. 16, 1722. Head 
and Concurr'd. John Clark, Speaker." 

" Consented to. W. Dcmmeh." A true Copy. Ex- 
amined per J. Willard, Secretary." 

Notwithstanding this act of government, Franklin pub- 
lished t!ie Courant on the Monday following without sub- 
mitting it*} contents to the Secretary. For this neglect, a 
"Bill of Indictment was some months aft«r preferred to 
the grand jury against him for contempt of an order of 
the general court." The jury returned Iffiioramiis on the 
bill, but Franklin wa« bound to the good behavior pur- 
suant to the order of the General court," 

The act of government was vohintarily published in the 
Courant; and it also appeared in 2'Ac A/iicrican Week^ 
Mercury of February 26th, 172§, published in Philadelphia, 
with the following severe remarks, which were unques- 
tionably furnished by the Courant club in Boston, viz, 

" My Lord Gikc observes, That to jumish first and Uuai 
au/uirc, the Law abhors, but here Mr. FrankVm has a 
eentcnce pass'd upon him even to the taking away Part of 
his Livelihood, without being called to make Answer. An 
Iiiilittori-rLl I'orson would Judge l)y this vote against 


Newspapers. — Massachusetts. 37 

Oauranfo, That Uie Aasetubly of the Province of the Mns- 
taehugrits Bay are made up of Oppi-esaors and Bigots who 
make Religion only the Engine of Destruction to tlie 
■People; and the rather, because tlie first Letter in the 
Conrant of the 14th of Jttmmry {whieh the Aescmhly Cen- 
Bores) so naturally represents and exposes the Hypocritical 
Prelaulers to Siligton. Indeed, the most tai^ous I'olitioians 
in tliat Government (as the infamous Gov. D — and his 
Family) have ever been remarkulile for Il3"pocrisy; and 
it ifl the general Opinion that some of their Rulers are misVl 
op aud continued as a Scourge in the Uandg of the Al- 
mighty for the Sins of the People. Thus much we could 
not forbear saying, out of Compassiou to the distressed 
People of tlio Province, who must now resign all Pretences 
to Sense and Reason, and submit to the Tyranny of Priest- 
craft, and Hypocrisy. P. S. By private Letters from Boston 
we are informed, That tlie Bakers there are under great 
Apprehensions of being forbid baking any more Bread, 
nnlesH they will submit to the Secretary as Supervisor 
General and Weigher of the Dough, before it is baked into 
Bread, and ottered to Sale." 

Franklin aud the Courant Club did not choose to sub- 
mit the contents of that paper, before publishing it, to the 
Becretarj- of the government for his approbation. After 
deliberating what was beat to be done to evade the act, it 
waa determined to alter tlie inipriut by leaving out the 
name of James, aud inserting that of £t7y'Mwim Franklin.' 
This determination was carried into immediate eft'ect. 

' Tbe Coumnt, No. 80, was thus intriMluped to the public. " The IbIu 
Pablisber of this Paper liDdmg so niany iDconvcnieaces would arise by 
fail atrryiog the HanuscrijiU and piiblick News to be aupervis'il by the 
Becretafy, ne lf> rcnJcr bis earryinj; it on unprofitable, bus inlirely clropc 
Uie Oodcnaking; The pn»ent Publisher of (his Pa|)er, hnviiig received 
llie followiDg Piece, dcsirea the Rcudera to acicept of it as ft Preruco to 
wh*! tbcy may hotvsfter meet with in tliis PapiT," 

Thi-D fulluws itn ftdiln-ss to Ibe public in wliicb the club arc meD- 
tinned an thr wriutre in llii' Courant, and thai onu of ibcni drat^utt.'il by 

38 History of Printing in America. 

The Coumtit iiow purported to be " printed and sold by 
Benjamin Franklin in Queen Street," althougb he was a 
minor. The club proceeded without any apparent mitiga- 
tion of " the Lash." The Courant was published in the 
iiame of Benjamin Franklin for some time after he left his 
brother ; and, for anything that appears, until its publica- 
tion ceased in the beginning of the year 1727. Before this 
paper was discontinued, the writers for it beeame languidj 
and for months in succession no original essay appeared, fl 
James Franklin, at a subsequent period, removed to* 
Newiioi-t, and cetablieheil the first press in Rhode Igland. 
The Courant was published about six years. 

Iho nnmo of " Old Janim, is Courantefr." Tlie fnllowing Is an entract 
from this address. " The main Desij^n of tliis WefkJy Pfti>er will be to 
entertain tlie Town willi the most comital nnd diverting Incidents of 
Hanian Life, nljicb io ho large a ]>Iiul-c as Boitou, will not ful of a uni- 
veraal Exeraplificalioo : Nor shall we be wauling to All up these Papers 
with a grateflil intcrepersion of more serious Murals, which maybe drawn 
Htim the mnnt ludicrous and odd Parts of Life," 

[A reprint in fuc ainiile of tliis Courant, No. 90, was issued in 1856, in 
which it waa claimed that it hail been printed on a pn'NS once used by 
Benjamin Franklin. It corresponds with the doscriptiun given aboye, 
and la dated February 11, 1T23, At the end ie this notice : 

"•4»Thia impcr having met with bo general im Acceptance in Town 
and Counlry, as to require a far grcmer Number of them to be printed, 
than there is of the other publick Paper* ; and it being bcaidea more 
generally read by a vast Number of Borrowers, who do not take It in, Urn 
Publisher thinks proper to give this publick Notiei- for the Incoumge- 
mcnt of those who would have AdpertiKmerOt iusertcil in [he public 
Prints, wUch they may have printed in this Paper at a moderate Price." 

Newspapers. — Massachusetts. 39 

Ai Numb. I. 


Weekly JOURNAL. 

Containing the most Remarkable Occurrences Foreign and Domestick. 

This paper was first published March 20th, 1727, on a 
half sheet of foolscap size, folio. At first it was pub- 
lished on Mondays ; but, after several years, Tuesday was 
substituted. Imprint — " Boston, Printed by S. Kneeland, 
at the Printing-House in Queen-Street, where Advertise- 
ments are taken in." See Appendix D. 

During the first year of the Journal, several literary 
gentlemen furnished it with short essays on miscellaneous 
subjects, more however of a moral than a political nature, 
and which, although well written, did not occasion the 
excitement in the public mind which was produced by 
the writers for the Gourant. 

The first year, the editor of the Journal assumed the 
name of " Protem Echo^ Esq/' In Xo. 3, ho re([uests those 
who wdll do him the honor to contribute to the embellish- 
ment of /</«? Journal, to direct to him at Mr. Samuel Knee- 
land's in Queen-Street ; and he gives a humorous account 
of himself. Li Xo. 4, he describes, in the same manner, 
his associates, among whom he mentions '' two divines 
who sometimes did themselves the honor of half an 
hour's setting," &c., and observes, that the gentlemen, 
whom he had described, " wdll have no inconsiderable hand 
in tliese weekly entertainments." At the close of the first 
year, the editor presents his " gratitude to those generous 
hands which have made such considerable presents to the 
authors of these Essays." lie mentions a piece of Spanish 
gold from a gentleman, and a silver pen from a lady: 


HisTOKT OF Printing in America. 

ami hf till?!! iiitbriiiH liiw readers tliat, ajeur boitig eom- 
j>Iutfil siijice the first publication of the Journal, the essay 
then published " is the last piece which will be published 
by the gentlemen who begun and have till now supplied 
tliis paper." He coucludes by observing that flie writers 
were thi-ee in number, one of wlioni supplied the poetry, 
and signed bis pieces with one of the letters composing 
the word Masai. 

The second year, the Jonniii! was not supplied with ori- 
ginal essays;' the third year, it contained eighteen num- 
bers, moral and entertaining, supposed by some to have 
been principally composed by governor Burnet; they 
began the January alter his arrival at Boston, and ceased 
a few weeks before his death. I have seen a file of the 
Journal, containing these numbers, with an index written 
by a former proprietor of tlie volume, whom I suppose to 
have been one of those who wrote for the Journal during 
the first year of its publication. In this index the eighteen 
numbers ai'e noticed thus, "SpecuIation-Gov[ No. 1." 2, Ac. 

The collection of foreign and domestic intelligence for 
the Journal, even for tliat day, was but indifferent, though 
not much inferior to the other Boston papers. In the 
head, preceding the title, a signature was inserted weekly, 
the signification of which I have not ascertained — it was a 
letter of the alphabet ; first, A, with a figure after it, waa 
used for several months, changing tlio figure weekly; then 

'A reprint in (ac simile of No. LV of tiiis i)a|i(;r, ikied April 8, 1T28, 
benrs tli<' imprint »f B. Kni'danil & T. Grucn. It is auMA that 
■' Tbere are Meaaurea concerUng for rendring tills Paper yei more aniver- 
BBlly ««leenio<l, anil usefnl, in which 'tis bop'd [Jie Piiblirk will be gratl- 
flod, anJ by which those Uentlemen who desire lo be improved in Hialnry, 
Philosophy. Poctrj', ic will lie greatly advantaged." It is meniioned 
tliat the burials in Boston for the past week were five whites and one 
black. The baptisms in Ibe acvcrul ciiurches, nine, A very likely negro 
woman and u vurj likely negro girl are adverliai'd to he sold, while Mr. 
Nathaniel Pijjott advertises lo o\»m a scboul for iH-snM;s in Mr. L'htckley's 
Meeting nouse.— _y. 


Newspapees. — Massachusetts. 41 

B took the place of A, and so on; but the same li?ttfr did 
not appear to be continued for any definite period. Alter 
two or three years, the signature (consisted of a letter with- 
out a figure. 

When S, Kneel and had published the Journal four 
months, to hia name in the imprint was added that of T. 
Green. For the first year of the partnership there wa.s a 
eingnlarity of this kind. The imprint to the Journal was, 
" Printed by S. Kneeland anil T. Green," etc., yet Green 
alone, it seema, was responaihle for the correctness of the 
paper, and appears to liave been the sole conductor of it. 
In such advertisements, pnbliaheii in the Journai, as re- 
quired explanation, the public were requested to " enquire - 
.of the Printer." 

In the Journal of February 3, 1729, the following notice 
Appeared : '* The Printer of tliis paper would hare emitted 
fierewitb his Desire, that aonie errors of the laet. Journal 
might be laid to Lis Charge ; he not having thejiamy Per-, 
son by Him to correct the Press as u.3ual, and being einco 
convinced tliat they are luB own ; such as " fresh pm^sage, 
Imation, Piquanry — distin'd — Spectablc — Dictors — 
exeeated — Vengancu — Deatracted : .with a few other slips 
■which if the Reader pardons, he will oblige Tlie Prinfer." 
Immediately after this notice, the imprint, " S. Kneeland 
^ T. Green" stands as usual. Tliia may be exijlained by 
observing, lliat Kneeland committed the printing of the 
Journal to Green, and for four or five years after their 
partnership commenced, himself kept ft bookshop in King's 
street The shop occupied the attention of Kneeland ; and 
although the Journal was printed in the name of Kneeland & 
Green, yet the fomier was considered as the proprietor, 
sad the latter ae the printer, and the profits were .shared 
between them. Judge Danfoi-tb, and the Rev. WatJier 
Byk-j', tlie elder, it is said were the principal editurs of the 
Journal, and often corrected tiie jiress. Mr. Byles, it is 

42 History of Peint:ng in America. 

also eaid, wrote many of the poetical and other essays in 
that paper. 

Kneeland gave up hie bookshop about the year 1742; 
and afterwards attended wholly to printing. Essaye, etc., 
were subsequently addressed to the publishers, and people 
were directed to inquire of the printers, etc. 

The New England Weekly Journal was published nearly 
fifteen years by the same printers, and without any alter- 
ation of the title or the imprint. At the close of the year 
1741, this paper was incorporated with the Boston Gazette 
by Kneeland & Green, who then became proprietors of 
that paper, and the title of the paper ho consolidated was. 
The Boston Gazette and Weekly Journal. The imprint was 
aa before, with the addition of " Price 16s. a year, and 20«. 
seal'd," paid quarterly. 

The printers of this paper were great advocates of the 
reverend George Wliitefield, the reverend Mr. Edwards, 
&c. The reverend Thomas Prince was supposed to have 
taken an active part in the publication of this paper, and 
for a time to have assisted in correcting the press. The 
first publication that issued was a general prospectus, 
without any number. The second publication was num- 
bered 1, 

The Journal was ineorpomtod with the Gazette in 1741 ; 
and, in 1752, the Gazette was discontinued, twenty-five 
years after the first publication of the Journal. 

<E^z ^Mttiil^ Keliearsal. 

flIontiaB. September 27, 1731. 

This paper was published on a half sheet of printing 
foolscap, folio, on a small pica type ; and was established 
by a young gentleman of great literary talents, who after- 

Newspapers. — Massachusetts. 43 

wards became a celebrated law character ;^ and Monday was 
the day of its publication. It was not numbered the first 
forty-six weeks. 

The first paper was printed September 27, 1731. The 
imprint — " Boston : Printed by J". Draper^ for the Author, 
by whom Advertisements are taken in.'' Afterwards, 
" Printed by J, Draper^ for the Author. Advertisements 
are taken in by Mr. Hancock, at the Bible and Three 
Crowns in Ann-Street, 1732." For the first six weeks, 
mottos in Latin from the classics were inserted after the 
title. The motto was difterent in each week ; and, for the 
first six months, with very few exceptions, a moral or en- 
tertaining essay was weekly published in the Rehearsal, 
which usually filled more than half the paper. These 
essays were sometimes selected, but generally original. Be- 
fore the termination of one year, its original essays were dis- 
continued, and it had become a mere vehicle of intelligence. 

Thomas Fleet began to print it with No. 47, and it 
appears, by an advertisement in that number, that he was 
interested in the publication. It became a good paper for 
foreign and domestic news, but was no longer a literary 

On April 2, 1733, Fleet became the sole proprietor of 
the Rehearsal, and thus announced it to the public : 

" The Gentleman who first set up and has hitherto been 
interested in this Paper, having now resigned all his Right 
and Interest therein into the hands of the Subscriber, the 
Subscriber thinks himself obliged to give publick jSTotice 
thereof, and informs all such as have taken, or may here- 
after take it, that as he has settled a Correspondence with 
Gentlemen in London, and most of the principal Towns 
\vithin this and the neighbouring Governments, and is 

^ .Tereniiah Gridley, afterwards attorney general of the province of 
Massachusetts Bav. 

ii History of Printing in Americj 

favoured with the Aequaiatance of many intelligent Persons 
in Boston, he donbts not bat he shall be able to make the 
BeUearsal as Useful and entertaining as any of the Papers 
now published. And the better to effect it, requesta all 
gentlemen in Town or Country who may be possessed of 
^ny thing new or eurious, whether in the Way of News or 
Speculation, worthy the puhlick View, to seud the same 
to him, and it will be gratefully received and oomniuni- 
cated for the Eutt>rtiiinmeut of the polity; and inquisitive 
Part of Mankind. The publisher of this paper declares 
himself of no I'arty, and invites all Gentlemen of Leisure 
and Capacity, inclined on either Side, to wiite any thing 
pf a political Nature, that tends to enlighten and serve the 
Puhlick, to communicate their Productions, provided they 
are not overlong, and confined within Modesty and Good 
Manners; for all possible Care will be taken that nothing 
contrarj' to these shall ever he here published. And 
whereas the publishing of Advertisements in the Weekly 
News Papers has been found of great Use (especially in 
such tie are sent thro' all the Governments as tliis is) this 
may inform all Persons, who shall have Occasion, that 
Uiey may have their Advertisements published in this 
Paper upon very easy Terms, and that any Customer for 
the Paper ahull be serve^l much cheaper than otliers. And 
whereas the Price of this Paper was set up at twenty 
Shillings per Year, and so paid till this time; the present 
Undertaker being willing to {rive all possible Encourage- 
ment to his Readers ban now reduced it to Sixteen Shil- 
lings; and offers all Gentlemen who are willing to hold a 
Correspondence, and shall frequently favour him with any 
thing that may tend to the Embellishment of the Paper, to 
supply them with one constantly free from Charge, And 
considering it is impossible for half a Sheet of Paper to con- 
twn all tlje Remarkable Newsthatmay happen to be brought 
in upon the Arrival of Ships froniEtigiaud or other extraor- 


Newspapers. — Massachusetts. 4 5 

dinary Occurrences ; the Publisher therefore proposes in 
all such Cases, to Print a Sheet of what he judges most 
Material, and shall continue to send the Paper to all such 
as have hitherto taken it, until he is advised to the contrary 
by those determined to drop it, which he hopes will not 
be many. Thmuis Fleet,'' 

The imprint from Xo. 79 to 202, August 11, 1735, when 
the Rehearsal was discontinued, wiis, "Boston Printed by 
T. Fleet, at the Heart and Crown in Cornhill, wliere 
Advertisements are tiiken in. Advertisements are also 
taken in by Mr. N. Belknap, Bookseller, near Clark's 
Wliarf, at the North End. Price 169. per year." 

It was Fleet's intention to alter the time of publication 
from Monday morning to Monday evening, as appears 
from an advertisement published in the last number of the 
Rehearsal, viz : 

" S&^ The Publisher of this Paper hereby gives Notice, 
that he intends for the Future to print it every Monday 
Evening (having the Approbation and Advice of several 
Gentlemen in Town, who are his customers) and will take 
Care to collect and publish not onlv the most fresh and 
authentic Advices from abroad, but also what occurs 
among Ourselves or Neighbours, worthy the i)ublick View ; 
And all the Readers in Town may de[Kuid upon having 
it k4't at their Houses some Time before Dark, (unless 
upon extraordinary Occasions) which nuiy l>e a J)iversion 
after the Business of theJ)av, now the Eveninii:sare ii:rown 
pretty long." But Fleet, the next week, instead of con- 
tinuing the Rehearsal, i)ublishe(l a jjaper with the title of 
Thx Boston Erenivij Post ; he, however, numbered it 203, 
as a continuation of the Rehearsal; but on the following 
Monday, the Eniiimi Pusf was numbered 2. The Rehearsal 
was discontinued after i>ein<2: iniblished nearly four vear<. 
Sr Krndpr/ Post. 

History of Printing in America. 


Weekly Poft-Boy. 

MONDAY. Oftober, 1734. 

Postmasters established the first two newspapers pub- J 
liehed in Boston ; and succeeding postmasters seemed to ' 
claim a right to such publications, or atleast to think that 
a newspaper was an appendage to their office. Ellis Huske ' 
being appointed postmaster of Boston, and Boydell not 
choosing to resign the Boston Gazette, Huske began in ■ 
October, 1734, the publication of another paper, entitled ] 
The Boston Weekly Post-Boy. It was at first printed on a j 
half sheet of small demy, in quarto, but soon after on a j 
half sheet of crown, in quarto, on a small pica type. Huske . 
retained the device of the postman, and the ship, on the 1 
right and left of the title, which had hitherto appeared in 
the Boston Gazette published by his predecessors. The 1 
Post-Boy was published on Mondays ; no printer's name \ 
appeared.' The imprint was, " Boston ; Printed for Ellis 1 
Huske, Post- Master : Advertisements taken in at the Post- , 
Office in King's-Street, over against the North-Door of j 
the Town-House, where all Persons in Town or Country 
may be supplied witli this Paper." This imprint was con- 

' He was attenvnrd appointed deputy poslmaster general for the colo- I 
nies. Ue nas lirotlier to tiencral Huske, who distinguished himself ax thA I 
bultlea of Dettingca und Culloden. He had a aon, bred it merchant id 
Boaton, who was afterwnrd a member of the British pnrlianictit. Hualta 1 
was superseded in the department of the post office by Fraaklin and 1 
Hunter. [The son (John) is supposed i<i be the same who published ■ 
work, entitled The Praent SInU of Nortli Jmerfcn, 4[o, Loud., 1755; and J 
klan the same n-bo, as a member of pnrlinment in 1704, proposed to lay \ ^ 
tAX on Ihe colonies, which would amount to £500,000 per annum, wliicli , 
lie said IbBy were well able to pay. Set Drakn't Boitan, 5B8, 87», 708. — if] 

*Ii was, I beiievc, some time printed by John Busbell. 

Newspapers. — Massachusetts. 4 7 

tinued, without the name of the printer, during the twenty- 
years of it8 publication, which began and ended with Huske. 
I have never seen any number of this paper after December, 
1754 ; but, I believe, it was continued until within a few 
weeks of the time when the provincial stamp act took place, 
in 1755. 

Nothing extraordinary attended this publication. Its 
features were much like those of the News-Letter and the 
Gazette. Towards its close it was reduced to half a sheet 
foolscap, folio. It was not uncommon for the publishers 
of the New England Journal, and those of the Gazette, to 
vary the size of their papers, and to print them on half a 
sheet folio or quarto, of different sizes, as they found it con- 
venient. Most of the paper then used in America was im- 
ported from Europe, and paper of a particular size could 
not, at all times, be obtained. 

The devices in the title were twice engraved anew dur- ' 
ing its publication. Those last engraved were, afterwards, 
made use of by Green and Russell, when they began to 
publish The Boston Weekly Advertiser, 

THE Nnmb. 2. 

Bofton Evening-Poft. 

illonbag, August 25, 1735. 

Fleet having discontinued the Rehearsal on Monday, 
August 11, 1735, began the publication of The Boston 
Evening Post on the evening of the following Monday. It 
was printed on a half sheet of large foolscap printing paper. 
He commonly made use of paper of this description, ex- 
cepting when he printed a whole sheet ; then he generally 
used the smaller size of foolscap or pot. The imprint — 
"Boston: Printed by T. Fleet, at the Heart and Crown, 


HiSTOBr OF Printing in America. 

iu Coniliill, whore advertisements are taken in at a mode- 
rate Price." Excepting in tbe title, the Evening Post did 
not ditier from the Rehearsal. It was the best newspaper 
then puhlished in Boston. The selection of entertaining 
and amutsing pieces from London puhlications, and some 
of Fleet's own humoroua paragraphs gave it animation, 
and its news were well selected and seasonably published. 
It int*irfered very Httie with political controversy, and not 
greatly vrith religious disputes, Fleet was a n'it, and nO 
bigot ; he did not appear to he a great fiiend to itinerant 
preachers ; and he was not, like tbe brethren of tlie type 
of that day, afraid to attack the highly popular, and greatly 
distingiiiehed itinerant preacher ^Tiitetield, 

A paragraph was published in the Evening Post of 
March 8, 1741, which was next day taken notice of by tb^ 
governor and council, who ordered an information to ba 
filed against Fleet, that he might be prosecuted at the next 
superior comt. How the aftair ended J never knew, hut 
probably a prosecution did not take place, a« Fleet pro- 
cured five respectable persons to testify to the ti-nth of thej 
eonteuts of the paragraph. Sc*i Appendix E. 

Fleet had a peculiar faculty in wording his advertise- 
ments. The following advertisements of negroes appeared 
in the Evening Post, in April 1758. " To be sold by the 
Printerof this Paper, a Negro Man, about thirty years old, 
who can do both Town and Country Business very well, 
but will suit tbe Country best, where they have not so 
many Dram Shops as we have in Boston. He has worked 
at tbe Printing Business fifteen or sixteen years; can 
handle an ax. Saw, Spade, Hoe, or other Instrument of 
Husbandry as well as most Men, and values himself, and 
is valued by others, for his skill in Cookery and making of 
Soap." " Also, a very valuable Negro Woman, abont 
thirty years old. (sold only for her frequent pregnancy), 
with 11 fine healthy Boy two yeai-s old." 


Newspapers. — Massachusetts. 49 

In June of the same year, in a dunning advertisement 
to his customers, he adds, " In the days of Mr. Campbell, 
who published a newspaper here, which is forty years ago, 
Paper was bought for eight or nine shillings a Ream,* and 
now tis Five Pounds ; his Paper was never more than half 
a sheet, and that he had Two Dollars a year for, and had 
ako the Art of getting his Pay for it; and that Size has con- 
tinued till within a little more than one year, since which 
we are expected to publish a whole Sheet, so that the 
Paper now stands us in near as much as all the other 
charges.'' See Appendix F, 

Fleet continued to publish the Evening Post until he 
died, in 1758. His sons, Thomas and John, in copartner- 
ship, continued it with much approbation, till April 1775, 
when the revolutionary war occasioned its immediate 
termination. It was published forty years.* 

When T. and J. Fleet succeeded their father, they in- 
troduced a cut of their sign, the Heart and Crown, into the 
centre of the title of the Evening Post, and published it 
every Monday morning instead of Monday evening. 

Boston, January 4, 1748. 

The Independent 

Numb. i. 

^"'- Advertifer. 

This paper was of a political cast. It was first published 
Tuesday, January 4, 1748, l)y Rogers & Fowle, printers and 
copartners. It was printed on a half sheet of good paper, 
of crown size, folio, with a new long primer type. The 

' He did not inform his readers that the paper currency had depre- 

' For a further account of this paper, and of its publislier, see Bucking- 
ham's Reminiscences, i, 120, et scq. — M. 


50 History of Printing in America. 

device in tlie centre of its title was a large cut of Bri- 
tannia Iil)orating a bird confined by a cord to the armfl 
of France. Britiinnia is represented sitting, the arms of 
France lying on the ground before her ; the bird is on the 
wing, but being impeded by the cord, one end of which is 
fastened to the arms of France, and the other to the bird, 
Britannia is in the act of cutting the cord with a pair of 
shears, that the bird may escape. 

This paper was published weekly on Tuesday, but the 
day of the week was not mentioned in the title. The 
imprint: '* Boston : Printed and Sold by Rogers & Fowlo 
in Queen-Street, next to the Prison, where Advertisements 
are taken in at a reasonable Price. And all Gentlemen 
and others may be supplied with this paper." This, like 
all the English American newspapers then published, had 
two columns to a page. 

The following is an extract from a pertinent and well 
written address of the publishers to the public : "As our 
present political state affords Matter for a variety of 
Thoughts, of peculiar Importance to the good People of 
Xvic-Emjland^ we purpose to insert every thing of that 
Nature that may be T)ertiuentlv and decently wrote. For 
ourselves, we dechire we are of no Party, neither shall we 
])romote the narrow and j^rivate Designs of any such. 
We are ourselves free, and our Paper shall be free — free as 
the (k)nstitution we enjoy — free to Truth, good Manners, 
and good Sense, and at the same time free from all licen- 
tious Ketteotions, Insolence and Abuse. Whatsoever may 
be a(lapte<l to State and Defend the Kights and Liberties 
of Mankind, to advance useful Knowledge and the Cause 
of Virtue, to improve the Trade, the Manufaetures, and 
Husbandry of the Country, whatever may tend to inspire 
tliis People with a just and jiroper Sense of their own 
Condition, to point out to them their true Interests, and 
rouse tliem to pursue it, as also any Piece of Wit and 

Newspapers. — Massachusetts. 51 

Humor, shidl at' all Times find (free of Charge,) a most 
welcome reoepti<m; And althou^ we do not altogether 
depend upon the casual Benevolence of the Publick to 
supply this Pa]>er, yet "we will thankfully receive every 
Thing from every quarter conducing to the Good of the 
Publick and our general Design.'* 

The Advertiser was su|)plied with well written essays, 
chiefly political. A number of gentlemen associated for 
this purpose, among whom, we are told, was the late 
governor Samuel Adams. This association consisted of 
whigs, who advocated the rights of the people against 
those measures of the government which were supposed 
to infringe upon the privileges of the province secured by 

The Advertiser was handsomely printed. It contained 
but littie foreign intelligence, and not much domestic 
news. Its principal object was political discussion, as the 
means to rouse the people of the colony to maintain their 
rights. The continuance of this paper was short. Rogers 
& Fowle dissolved their copartnership in April, 1750 ; and, 
their Independent Advertiser ceased with their connection, 
after being published t\.o years. 




Numb 1. 




Containing thefrejhest Advices Foreign and Domeftich, 

This paper was published by Samuel Kneeland after 
the dissolution of his partnership with Timothy Green. 
It superseded the old Boston Gazette and Weekly Journal^ 
and was created upon its foundation. For the want of a 
more appropriate device, a very singular cut was used in 

52 History op Printing in America. 

its title which had been designed and engraved for the 
Ixxvth fable of Croxall's Esop; representing the boy view- 
ing himself in the glass, his little sister, who was offended 
with his vanity, and their father who moralized on the sub- 
ject of their difference.^ 

This Boston Gazette made its first appearance on Wed- 
nesday, January 3, 1753. It was printed on a half sheet 
of crown, quarto, on a new long primer type, with the fol- 
lowing rather singular introduction after the title. " As 
the Types generally us'd in the Printing of the late 
Boston Gazette or Weekly Journal^ are worn out, it has been 
tho't proper, on the Return of the Year, to alter the Form 
and Title of this Paper, as it now appears. ' Tis proposed 
to publish the same, as usual, every Tuesday; and hope 
Care will be taken to furnish it from Time to Time with 
the most remarkable Occurrences, both of a foreign and 
domestick Nature." 

After the first number it was regularly published every 
Tuesday, and continued to be printed in quarto, on paper 
of the same size. No printer or publisher's name appeared 
in the imprint, which was, *' Boston : Printed opposite the 
prison in Queen street, where Advertisements are taken 
in." This imprint remained unaltered the first year; the 
second year Kneeland added his name to it, and exchanged 
the cut before mentioned, in the title, for a well executed 
one of the arms of the province.* 

Kneeland published this Gazette two years, wh^n it was 
discontinued on account of the provincial stamp act, and 

* Several of the cuts for Esop's Fables were engraved by a rt»markably 
good workman, wliose name was Turner, of BoHton. He was the best 
engraver wliich appeared in the colonies before tlie revolution, especially 
on type metal. D. Fowle having a part of this set of cuts, listed them 
from time to time to decorate tlie title of The New Hmnpahire Gazette. 

' It had been discontinu(?d several months. 

• An Indian with a bow in one hand, an arrow in the other, and a 
quiver at his back. 

Newspafebs. — Massachusetts. 53 

never reviyed. This paper was better printed than the 
old Boston Gazette, and had, for those days, a considerable 
number of advertising customers. 


Boston Gazette, 




Ubentlnf a 


CwUhiiMg tbejresbest advites^ Foreign and Demestick. 

This was the third newspaper bearing the title of The 
Boston Ghusette. fTo. 1 was published April 7, 1755, on 
a crown half sheet, £rom a long primer type. The title 
had two cuts, which had before been used, the one for the 
last Boston G^ette, and the other for the Independent 
Advertiser. The province arms, or the Indian, was placed 
on the left, and Britannia liberating a bird on the right of 
the title ; but the disproportion in the width of the cuts, 
Britannia being twice the width of the Indian, pressed the 
title from tl\e centre of the page, and destroyed the uni- 
formity which would have been preserved had the parts 
been properly arranged. The imprint, " Boston : Printed 
by Benjamin Edes and John Gill, at their Printing-Office 
near the East End of the Town-House, in King Street ; 
-where all persons may be supplied with this paper, and 
where Advertisements are taken in. Also printing done 
at a moderate Hate with Gare and Dispatch." Edes and 
Gill removed soon after to the printing house which had 
been occupied by Rogers and Fowle, in Prison lane ; the 
imprint was altered and shortened, and the Gazette was 
occasionally printed on a whole sheet crown. About the 
year 1760, it became a common custom in Boston to print 
all newspapers on a whole sheet. 

54 History op Printing in America. 

Several of the gentlemen wlio had associated to write 
for the Independent Advertiser, joined by some others, 
encouraged tlie establishment of tliis paper; they were the 
editors of its literary department, and the purveyors of its 
political information. During the long controversy be- 
tween Great Britain and her American colonies, no paper 
on the continent took a more active part in defence of the 
country, or more ably supported its rights, than the Boston 
Gazette ; its patrons were alert and ever at their posts, and 
they ha<l a primary agency in events which led to our 
national independence.* 

A provincial stamp act, or, as it was called, " An act for 
granting to his Majesty several Duties on Vellum, Parch- 
ment and Paper, for two years, towards the defraying the 
Charge of this Government,'' was passed by the legislature 
of the province a few months l)efore Edes & Gill began 
the publication of the Boston Gazette, and it took effect 
the first of May following. The act embraced newspapers, 
which were to pay one-half pcniiji for each paper. Of the 
several newspjqjers which had been established in Boston 
previously to this period, only three were now in being, 
viz : the Xews-Letter, the Evening Post, and this next) Bos- 
ton Gazette. These were all printed from May 1st, 1755, to 
April 30, 1757, on pai)er stamped by the colonial govern- 
ment. The figure of the stamp was round, of the size of 
half a dollar, and the words '' half penny -half penny," 
were inclosed between two circular lines, and formed the 
border; in the centre was a bird, probably meant for an 

'The most distiniruishcd revoliitionarv imtriots in Boston, weveral years 
preceding 177.*), frecinently convened at this celebrated Gazette oftice, 
and also at that of the MuMsac/iujultM Spi/. . Anioni^st tlieni were Samuel 
Adams, Jolin Hancock, Tliomas Cuslnn^, Joseph Warn*n, William 
Cooper, William Vonn^r, etc., etc. It may be truly said, that in those 
meetings were concocted many of the measures of opposition to the Brit- 
ish acts of parliam<nt f<M* taxini; tin* coloni«'s — measures which led to, 
and irrminated in tlu- indepen«lcnce of our coinitr>'. 

Newspapers. — Massachusetts. 55 

eagle on the wing ; tins device was stamped with red ink 
on a corner of the sheet.* 

In 1768, after the death of Samuel Kneeland, Edes & Gill 
occupied his printing house, where the two former Boston 
Gazettes, and tlie New England Weekly Journal had been 
printed. There they continued to publish the Gazette, of 
which they were proprietors, until April, 1775, when the 
revolutionary war commenced. Before this event took 
place, the device in the title underwent a change. The 
figure of Britannia was exchanged for that of Minerva, 
seated ; before her was a pedestal on which was placed a 
cage; Minerva with her left hand supported a spear, on 
which was placed the cap of Liberty, and with her right 
opened the door of the cage, and liberated a bird which 
appeared in the act of flying towards a tree that stood at a 
distance from a city. This cut was coarsely executed. 

The publication of the Gazette was suspended from 
April, 1775, to the 5th of June following, when Edes, hav- 
ing set up a press at Watertown, renewed the printing of 
the paper, and continued it until November, 1770, when 
he returned to Boston, and again published the Gazette in 
Queen street. Gill had no concern in printing the Gazette 
after April, 1775; but in 1770 he began anotlier paper, 
entitled The Onithunhd Jountf/L 

Edes's sons, Benjamin and Peter,^ were, sometime after 

^ Fleet, printer of T/ie Erening Poxt, tlio tirst week lie used this stamped 
puprr, published the following, wliieh may serve as a sj^eeimen of his 
talent at rhymin<r, viz : 

" On the l^etty Bird in the manjin. 

" The little, pretty Picture here 
O' th' Side look;* well enough, 
Thouf^h nothinp^ to the PiirpoBO is 
'Twill serve to set it off." 


** Althongh this Emblem ha» hut little in't, 
Yoa must e'en take it, or you'l have no print." 

'Peter E<les not only printed the Bonlon Gazette^ but he afterwards 
printed the Kennebec Journal at Augusta, Maine, and the Btiujor Gazette 

56 History of Printing in America. 

his return to Boston, concerned with him in printing the 
Gazette. In 1784, Edes and his eldest son Benjamin,^ 
only, were together, and published this paper in Cornhill, 
No. 42,' under the fimi of Edes & Son ; and they intro- 
duced a new cut — the goddess of liberty was represented 
standing instead of sitting; this was the only alteration in 
the device ; but the following motto was added and en- 
graved underneath the figures, " Libertas et naUde solum,'' 
The Gazette was printed afterwards in Marlborough street, 
and then again in King street, now State street. 

Some time after, Edes printed and published it on his 
own account in Kilby street. But the Gazette no more 
" tliundered in the capitol." Its former writers were silent, 
and age and infirmity overtook its publisher. The paper 
however, lingered along, unnoticed by its rivals, and almost 
by the public, to whom it had been a faithftil and useful 
servant, until 1798. Forty-five years having completed 
their revolutions since its first publication, Edes at this time 
took his farewell of the public, and the Gazette expired !' 

at Bangor; and some time during liis life printed at HalloweU, Me., New- 
buryport, and Haveriiill, Mass., and at Newport, R. I. lie wa*»bom Dec. 
17tli, 1756 ; and died at Bangor, Me., March ;«)th, 1840. (8<5e vol. i, p. 189.) 
Benjamin Edes, son of Peter, printed at Baltimore. Maria, a daughter of 
Peter, still living at the age of 813, was a comj>o8itor in her fathcr*8 
olBce. — M. 

* Benjamin Kde^, jr., wa.s born in Boston, June 5th, 1755, and died there 
Mny loth, 1801, aged A(l—.\f. 

* The houses in Boston were numbered about 1784. 

' See Mr. Buckingham's account of the Boston Gazette, and Edes & Gill, 
in his Jicminisccnce^, i, Wry^et neq. The following is from a recent news- 
pa j)er : " The linngor Whig oftice was honored on Monday by a visit from 
tilt; widow of the late Michael Sargent, Esq., and daughter of Peter Eiles, 
who printed the first i)aper <m the Kennebec as well as on the Penobscot. 
When her father published The liaugor Oazett€y in 1810, Maria, then at the 
age of twenty-seven years, worked regularly at the c«se, and is, probably, 
the oldest living female compositor in the United States. She has a lively 
recollection of events of the past, and relates, with much spirit, incidents 
and anecdotes of people long since passed away, and known to thex>ub]ic 
only by history and tradition." — II. 

Newspapers, — Massachusetts. 67 



Containing tbefrejbeft Advices^ 


Numb. I. 

Weekly Advertifer, 

Foreign and Domeftick. 

This paper was first publishe/i August 22, 1757, by John 
Green and Joseph Russell, in Queen street, printers and 
copartners. It was printed weekly, on Mondays, with a 
new long primer type, on paper of crown size, folio, 
two columns in a page, and generally on a whole sheet. 
The imprint — " Boston : Printed by Green and Russell, 
opposite to the Probate-OflSice in Queen-Street, where all 
Persons may* be supplied with this Paper at Five Shillings 
and Four Pence Lawful Money per Annum, and where 
Advertisements are taken in, and all sorts of Printing 
Work done at a moderate rate, with Care and Dispatch." 

After it had been published about two years, the title 
was altered to Green ^ RitsselVs Post-Boy and Adcert}sci\ &c. 
It was changed a second time, to The Boston Post-Boy and 
Advertiser ; and again to Tlie Massachusetts Gazette and Bos- 
ton Post-Boy and Adcertiscr. 

When its title was The Boston Weekly Advertiser, it had 
for the first year the cut of the postboy in the centre of the 
title ; the second year tlie ship was added. The cuts were 
placed like those in the former Boston Post-Boy, published 
for Iluske, and were identically the same which had been 
used for that paper ; the ship on the left, and the postman 
on horseback on the right of the title. AVlion the paper 
was called The Massachusetts Gazette, &q., the old devices 
were thrown aside, and the king's arms were substituted. 
Its circulation was not extensive, and it was not distin- 
guished for original essays of any kind, nor as the channel 
of important intelligence; but it was well printed, and 

II] 8 



alw'iij s on good U-j^ies. All the printers in Boston were ou 
friendly tenim rewpertiiig busineps; their papers were all 
of one size, and the colnnina and pages of one measure. , 
Draper printed the News-Letter on Thursdays. Colunina 
of news, advertisements, &e., in types, were weekly inter- 
changed by Green & Russell with Draper. They followed 
this practice tM long as the Post-Boy was published by 
Green & RuHsell, and found it very convenient. Their 
reailers did not complain, ulthough whole columns, wliich 
had been published in tlie News-Letter on Thursday, ap- 
peared agiiin from the same types, on the following Mon- 
day, in the Post-Boy. 

Groen and Kussell were appointed printers to tlie British 
commissioners, and supplied the blanks and other work for 
the custom house. Tliis induced them, apparently, to be- 
come advocates for the measures wliich the British ad- 
ministration adopted toward the American colonies, and 
accordingly The Boston Posi-Boy, on the 23d of May, 1768, 
appeared with the insignia of government. It bad for 
several years been printed on a whole shoot, as other news- 
papers in Boston then were. One-half of this sheet now 
bore the title of, " The Massachusetts Gazette, Published 
by Authority ; " and the other half, its usual title of Bos- 
ton Post-Boy, &e., as has been already described.' The 
royal anns were substituted, in tlie title, for the postman 
and the ship. 

This mode of publication continued till September, 1769, 
when printing the Gazette by Authority was discontinued, 
and the Post-Boy and Gazette were united under the title 
of The Mitssarhaselta Gazette ami Boston Post-Boy and Ather- 
ti3cr, and the cut of the king's arms was retained. 

Hccount c)f the BosUrn Sen 
Bamo time, by DminT. 

■fj^lter, publUlioU in like ii 

Newspapehs. — Massacudsetts. 59 

In April, 1773, Green & Kussell resigned the printing 
and publishing of this paper to Mills & Hicks, two young 
jjrintera, who, having received patronage and encourage- 
ment from the officers of the crown, &c., continued it with 
renewed spirit ; and several good writers in favor of go 
veriitaent became ita supporters, the animation and weight 
of whose communicatiuus attracted more notice from the 
|(i)1dio for the Post-Boy than it hai\ before received. In 
tliia manner thu paper was printed until a short time after 
the comraenceraeut of the war in 1775, when it waa dia- 
coutiuued. The Wa-klj/ Adrerlisa' wan published about 
eighteen years. 

Vol. I. No. 1. 

EffS ISoston «ri)ronicU. 

MONDAY, December zi, 1767. 

From the first publication of The Boston Wixkly Adecr- 
liser, more than ten years passed before an attempt was 
made to establish another newspaper in that town. During 
this period four Journals, viz : The News-Letter, The Eve- 
ning Post, The Gazette, and The Advertiser, or Poat-Boy, 
were regularly published. 

December 21, 1767, T/ut Boston Chronicle was added to 
the nniuber. It waa printed on a whole sheet demy, in 
qtmrto, on a broad faced long primer, from an Edinburgh 
tbuudery. It was published weekly, on Mondays, for the 
first year, and intended to imitate in its appearance the 
London Chronicle, The price per annum, being six ahil- 
liags and eight pence, was but a very small consideration 
for a newspaper on a large sheet, and well executed. It 
was "I'rinted by Mein and Fleming, iu Newbury Street, 

60 HisTOKT or Printing in America. 

opposite the Wliite Horse TaverD." Mein and Fleming 
were Scotchmen. John Mein was a hookeeller, aud John 
Fleming a printer. The Chronicle waa puhlished by Mein. 
For the first year, this paper wae well supplied with eesays 
on various suhjects judiciously selected from British au- 
tliore, and it contained the celehrated letters of the Penn- 
sylvania Farmer.* It grew daily into reputation, and had 
a handsome list of subscribers. 

Witii the beginning of the second year, the size of the 
paper was altered to a crown folio, and published every 
Monday and Thursday, without any addition to the price. 
This was the first newspaper published twice a week in 
New England, Before the close of the second year of 
publication, its publisher, Mein, engaged in a political war- 
fare witli those who were in opposition to the measures of 
the British administi'ation. hi the Chronicle he abused 
numbers of the most respectable whigs in Boston ; and he 
was charged with insulting the populace. To avoid the 
effects of popular resentment, it became necessary for him 
to leave tlie country. Fleming continued tlie Chronicle 
during the absence of Mein, in tlie name of the firm; hut 
it had fallen into disrepute, and its subscribers in rapid 
succession withdrew theii' names. Many supposed that 
Mein waa privately assisted by the agents of government, 
and several circumstances rendered tlits opinion probable. 
But when the paper lost its subscribers it could neither be 
profitable to its publishers, nor answer the design of its 
supporters. Its publication, therefore, ceased on the 26th 
of June, 1770. On this occasion its remaining subscribers 
were thus addressed. 

" •»* The Printers of the Boston Chronicle return thanks 
to the Oeutlemen who have so long favoured them with 

■John Dii:kinsiin, Knj. 



Newspapeks. — Massachusetts. 


their subscriptions, and now inform them that, as the Chro- 
nicle in the present state of affairs cannot be carried on, 
either for their entertainment or the emolument of the 
Printers, it will be discontinued for some time." 
It waa never revived. 

The Maffachufetts Spy. 

Vol. I.] TUESDAY. . 



Although The Boston Chroniek had become unpopular, 
and the times were deemed unfavorable for publishing a 
new paper ; yet, under inauspicious circumstances, an at- 
tempt was made to establish cue on a new plan. The 
Massachusetts Spy was calculated to obtain subscriptionB 
from mechanics, and other classes of people who had not 
much time to spare from business. It was to be published 
three times a week, viz : on Tuesday, Thursday and Satur- 
day. Twice in the week it was to be printed on a quarter 
of a sheet, and once on a half sheet. When published in 
this way, news were conveyed fresh to subscribers, and the 
contents of a Spy might with convenience be read at a 
leiBu re moment. 

This plan was detailed in the first number, which ap- 
peared in July, 1770, and was sent gratia to the inhabitants 
in all part* of the town. In a short time such a subscrip- 
tion was obtained a* to warrant a prosecution of the design, 
and tlie pubUcation of the Spy eomraeuced with No. 2, 
August 7, 1770, and was printed in this form for three 
months by Z. Fowie and I. Thomas ; the partnersliip was 
then dissolved; and the Spy was continued by Thomas, 

62 HiSTOSY OF Printing in America. 

but published only on Mondays and Thursdays, each nam- 
her containing half a sheet of large crown, in quarto. In 
tliis manner the Spy was issued three months longer. At 
tlie expiration of tliat time, the object of publishing it in 
this introductory form being obtained, it wa» set aside to 
make way for the appearance of a weekly newspaper on a 
larger sheet than any that had at that time been published 
in Boston. 


A w=.kir, Poitiic. 

ud CDn...<n:l.l Piptr ( Ot^= 

o 111 Pinla, b 

I inliuKnl by Nent. 

Vou I.] 


7. '7?i- 

NOMB. 1. 

Number 1, of this newspaper, was published March 7, 
1771, on a whole sheet, royal size, folio, four columns in a 
page. Massaclmsetta Spy, was iu large German text, en- 
graved on typo metal between two cute ; the device of the 
cut on the left was the Goddess of Liberty sitting near a 
pedeetiil, on which was placed a scroll, a part of which, with 
the word spv on it, lay over on one side of the pedestal, on 
which the right arm of Liberty rested. The device on tlie 
right was, two infants making selections from a bai^ket 
filled with flowers and bearing this motto : " tuev cull 
THE CHorcBST." The imprint, " IJostiin : Printed and 
Published by Isaiah Thomas, in Union Street, near the 
Market, where Advertisements ai-e taken in," The day of 
publication was Thursday. The majority of the customers 
for the former Spy preferred the way iu which it had been 
published, and withdrew their subscriptions. On the ap- 
pearance of this the nuhscril)e!'s did not amount to two 
hundred, but afU->r the tirst week they increased daily, and 
in tlii.' i-iiui-sc i)f two ycai-s the t;iibncni>ti<ni list wiis larger 


Newspapers. — Massaceusetts. 63 

'tiian tiiat til' auy other uewspiiper printed in New England. 
A Quiiiber of gentlenion Hupplieil this paper with politi- 
cal €[ways, wliich for tlie time were more particularly cal- 
culate for that class of fitizeua who had composed the 
great majority of its readers. For a few weeks some com- 
mnuications were furnished by those who were in tavor of 
the royal prerogative, but they were exceeded by the writers 
on the other side; and the autlmre and subecribers among 
the lories denounced and quitted the Spy, The publisher 
then devoted it to the cause of his country, supported by 
the whigs, under whose banners he ha*;l enlisted. 

Writers of various classes, in the whig interest, furnished 
essays, which in a very considerable degree aided in pre- 
paring the public mind for events which followed. 

Common sense in common language is necessary to in- 
finence one class of citizens, as mucli as learning and 
elegance of composition are to produce an effect upon 
anotlier. The cause of America was just, and it was only 
necessary to state this cause in a clear and impressive 
manner, to unite the American people in its support. 

Several attempts were made by the government of the 
province to prosecute the printer, but without ettect, A 
piece in 'So. 37, under the signature of Mucins Scfevola, 
more jiarticularly excited an attempt of this nature, 
(see Appendix G). The printer had the further honor of 
being exhibited and burnt in effigy by the royalists of 
North Carolina, and he was threatened with having a coat 
of tar and featVicrs by a regiment of British soldiers, which 
paraded before his house.' 

' A soldier in one of theBritUta regiments xlationeil in Boston, instigftled 
by hia officers, inveigled a countryman, one TLomaa Ditson, jiin., of Bil- 
lerica, lo purchase a mosliet, Wbcn ibc purcliaee was made, tlie otficcrs 
•ppearud, and tlie countryman was taken into custody, under pretence ot 
entidng tbe soldier to steal and seli Ibc property ot tlie king, &c. Tlie 
counlrynian was kept under guard during the nigbl. Berore dayliglit Ibe 
next morning, nftcr a aliam trial in Hie turracks, lie wns stripped of liis 



la October, 1772, the additioii of Thomas'3 Boston Journal 
was made to the title of the Spy; a political motto from 
Addison's Cato had been previously added.' 

Ou the 7th of July, 1774, during the operation of the 
Boston port bill * so called, and just after the landing of four 
additional regiments of troops, with a train of royal artil- 
lery, a new politica] device appeared in the title of this 
paper — a snake and a dragon. The dragon represented 
Great Britain, and the snake the colonies. The snake waa 
divided into nine parts, the head was one part, and under 
it N. E. aa representing New England ; the eecoud part 
K. Y. for New York ; the third N. J. for Now Jersey ; the 
fourth P. for Pennsylvania; the fifth M. for Maryland ; the 
sixth V. for Virginia; the seventh N. C. for North Caro- 
lina; the eighth S. C. for SoutJi Carolina; and the ninth 
part, or tail, for Georgia. The head and taiil of the snake 
were supplied with stings, for defence against the dragon, 
which appeared furious, and as bent on attacking the 
snake. Over the several parts of the snake was this motto, 
in large capitals, "Jois ok die!" This device, which waa 
extended under the whole width of the title of the Spy, 
appeared in every succeeding paper whilst it was printed 


clothis, und coaled from licad to foot with tar and feathers; the soldiere 
thuD bound him In a cliair to a truck, uid before sunrise he was paraded 
by a regiment IhrouKh Ihe streets. The regiment, with the colonel at its 
head, halted liefore the Spy office, the muaic playing the Huguc'B March; 
some of the soldiers vociferating "the printer of liie Spy ihall be Uie 
next lo receive UiIh puniBhmeul." This riot look place on the lOih of 
March, 1770. It occasioned ^^eat commotion among ibe cilizens, and 
produced a well written and spirited remonHtnince from the town of BU- 
lerica to the governor, Onge. 

■ "Do IhriD, great libcny. iDiplni onr Boale, 
And niAlEe uur Llvu in tby posaoeiilaD hiifpy. 
Or aar Duibs glorioug In thy junl ctnfeusi!." 

'This act of llie Brlliah government hastened the revolution. It waa 
designed to punish Boston for destroying the lea sent over by llie Eaat 
India eomiMiny. &c. See the various histories of Ihose times for an ac- 
count of the pretexls wiiicli led Ihe British ministry to lay llje port of 
Boston under an iQlenlict, &i.-. 

Newspapers. — Massachusetts. 65 

in Boston. Its publication ceased in that town on the 6th 
of April, 1775, and on the 19th of that month hostilities be- 
tween Great Britain and America commenced. A few days 
before this event took place, its publisher sent, privately, a 
press and types to Worcester ; and, on the 3d of the fol- 
lowing May, the publication of the Spy was resumed, and 
was the first printing done in that town. The title of the 
paper, of course, was again altered ; it was now The Mas- 
sackusetls Spy ; or^ American Oracle of Liberty ; headed with 
"Americans ! Liberty or Death ! Join or Die ! " The day 
of publication at "Worcester was Wednesday. 

II] 9 

History of Printing in Ameeica, 



The Boston Weekly Magazine. 

This production made ita first appearance March 2, 1743, 
OH a half sheet, octavo. No. 1 contained eonie extracts 
from the magazines published in London : a Poem to a 
political lady, an Ode by Mr. Addison, two short domes- 
tic artJclea of intelligence from the Boston newspapers, 
and the entries at the custom house for the week. The 
day of publication was Wednesday. It was continued only 
four weeks, and was printed by Rogers & Fowle, 

The Christian History. 

No. 1 of this periodical work was published on Satur- 
day, March 5th, 1743, on a large half sheet of fine medium 
in octavo, printed on a new small pica type. After the 
contents is a quotation from the Psalms : " That I may 
publish with the voice of thanksgiving, and tell of all thy 
wondrous works." — ^I'sal. xxvi,7. The imprint: "Boston, 
N. E. Printed by Kneeland & Green, 1743, for Thomas 
Prince, Jun. A.B." The price was two shillings new tenor 
per quarter, and six jience more new tenor per Quarter 
covered, sealed, and directed." The editor and publisher 
was the son of the Reverend Thomas Prince, of Boston, 
author of The Atw England Chronoloffy. 


Magazines, etc. — Massachusetts. 67 

The Chrifltiaii HiBtory was regularly published, in num- 
bers of eight pages each, every Saturday, for two years ; 
each year making a volume, to which was prefixed a title 
page, and an index. The title page to the first volame- 
rends thus ; " The Christian History, containing Accounts 
of the Revival and propagation of Religion in Great 
Britain and America. For the year 1743." 

Tlie editor gave the general contents as follows : " 1. 
Authentic Accounts from Ministers, and other creditable 
Persons, of the Revival of Religion in the several Part^t of 
New England. 2. Extracts of the most remarkable Pieces 
in the Weekly Histories of reli^on, and other accoiints, 
printed both in England and Scotland. 3. Extracts of 
written Letters, both from England, Scotland, New-York, 
New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, and Georgia, 
of a Religious Nature, as they have been sent hither from 
creditable Persons and communicated to us. 4. Remark- 
able Passages, Historical and Doctrinal, out of the most 
fomous old writers both of the Church of England and 
Scotlnnd from the Reformation, as also the first Settlers of 
New-England and their Children ; that we may see how 
iSir their pious Principles and Spirit are at this Day revived ; 
and may guard against ail Extreams." 

The American Magazine and Historical Chronicle. 

The first number of this Magazine, for September, 1743,' 
was published on the 20th of the following October. It 
■was printed on a fine medium paper in 8vo, Each number 
contained fifty pages ; and was published, monthly, by 
" Samuel Eliot, in Cornhill, and Joshua Blanchard in Dock- 
Square," booksellers ; and printed by Rogers & Fowie, " in 

' II will lie obHCired tlint lliis wna twelve years after tbv ii])[)eamDi:c uf 
Uk Otntlonan'§ Magaiinr., slill piiblishiHl in lAtnAim. — il. 

68 History of Printing in America. 

"Prison Lane," who were also concerned in the pnhlica- 
tion, and, after the first year, were sole proprietors of it 
Jeremj Gridiey, Esq., who had edited the Kehearsal, it has 
been said, was also the editor of thia magazine. 

The following is an extract from the prospectus, viz : It 
will contain "1. A summary Rehearsal of the proceed- 
ings and debates in the British Parliament. 2. A View of 
the weekly and monthly Diasert^itions, Essays, &c., selected 
from the publick Papers and Pamphlets published in Lon- 
don and the Plantations, viz : Political State, Transactions 
of the Royal Society, &c., with Extracts from new Books. 
3. Dissertations, Letters and Essays, moral, civil, political, 
humbrona and polemical, 4. Select Pieces, relating to the 
Arts and Sciences. 5. Governour's Speeches, with the 
Proceedings of tlie Assembly, and an Abridgment of the 
Laws enacted in the respective Provinces and Colonies. 
6. Poetical Essays on various Subjects. 7. Monthly Chro- 
nologor, containing an Account of the most remarkable , 
Events, Foreign and Domestick. 8. Price Current. 
Births andDeaths. 10. A Catalogue of New Books. The I 
Magazine will be continued of the same Size, that so the 
Twelve Months may be bound in the same Volume at the 
Tear's end with a compleat Lidex, which shall be added to 
the Month of December." 

This Magazine imitated The London Magazine in ita ap- I 
pearance ; a large cut of the town of Boston, in the title I 
page, answered to a similar cut of the city of London in 
the title page of the London Magazine. Its pages were I 
like those of that publication in size, two columns in a 
page, divided by the capital letters, ABODE and F, at 
a distance from each other, and not by a line, or as printers 
terra it, by rules. The imprint. " Boston : Printed by 
Sogers & Fowie, and Sold by S. Eliot & J. Blaiiclmrd, in 
JSoston; B. Franklin, in Pk'daiklphia ; J. Piirker, in Nob- 
Yorh ; J. Pomrni/, in Nno ITaven ; C. Campbell, Post-Master, 

Magazines, etc. — Massachusetts. 69 

Nod Port. Price Three Shillings, New Tenor, a. Quarter," 
equal to half a dollar. It was well printed, on a long pri- 
mer type, and was not inferior to the London and other 
magazines, then published in that city ; but the extensive 
plan marked out in its prospectus could not be brought 
within the number of pages allowed to the work. In the 
general title page for the year, the before-mentioned \-iew 
of the town of Boston, was impressed from a copperplate 
engraviug; both the cut and the plate were as well exe- 
cuted as things of the kind generally were for the English 

This work was issued three years and four months, and 
then discontinued. It has no cuts or plates excepting those 
for the title pages. 

T6e New- England Magazine. 

This work is without date, either in the title, in the im- 
print, or in any of its numbers. No. 1 was published 
August 31, 1758. The tatle page is as follows : The New- 
En^Umd 3Iagcizine of Knowkilffe and Pleasure. In the centre 
of the page is a small cut, the device a hand holding a 
bouquet, or bunch of flowers, with the motto, " Prodesse et 
Ddectare e plurihas unum." One-half of tliia motto ia on 
the left of the cut, and the other half on the right ; under- 
neath the device la this couplet: 

" Alluring Profit with Delight we blend, 
One out of many to Ibc Fublick send. 

" By various Authors. 

" Ye shall know Ihem by their trmta. Do men gather 
Grapes of Thorns, or Figs of Thistles ? Every good Tree 
bringeth forth good Fruit, but a corrupt Tree bringeth 


History of Printing m America. 

forth evil Fruit, A good Tree cannot bring forth evil , 
Fruit, neither can a corrupt Tree bring forth good Fmit." 
" Printed by Benjamin Mecom, and sold at hie shop under 
the New-Printing-OfflcG, near the Court-HouBe,07i Corn-hill 
in Boston." 

Each number of this Magazine contained sixty pag^ \ 
]2mo. Ita publication was intended to have been monthly, 
but it came from the press irregularly, and was printed ! 
from types of various sizes. Some pieces wore, both in , 
prose and verso, on pica, and some on long primer ; the j 
pages were not in columns. Ita contents were a collection 
of small fugitive pieces from magazines, newspapers, &c. 
These wore not arranged under genenil heads, exccptdug 
poetry, which was headed " Poetical Entertainment; '' and 
we make one more exception for a head of " Queer Notions." 
The price was eight pence for each number. 

Mecom, the publisher of this Magazine, gave the follow- ] 
ing poetical description of ita contents in an advertise- ' 
ment, viz : 

" ContaiDiDg, and to contain, 
"Old faehioned writiDgs and Select Essaya, 
Queer Notions, Useful Hints, Extracts from plays; 
Itelatious Wonderful, and PBalm and Song, 
Qood Sense, Wit, Uuniour, Monila, all ding donif ; 
Poems and Speeches, Politicks and News 
What Some will like, and other SoTne refuse ; 
Births, Deaths, and Dreams, and Apparitions too ; ' 
With some Thing suited to each different ffefi,' 
To Humour Hivt, and Jfer, and Mt, and row." 

too; "I 

This work found very few purchasers. Three or four 
numbers were published in the course of six or seven 
IS, and it was then discontinued. 


Magazines, etc. — Massachusetts. 


The Censor. 

The Censor was altofjether a political publication. The 
first nnmher appeared November 23, 1771. It was printed 
in a small eheet, foolecap, folio, on an English type, by 
Ezeldel Russell, in Boston, and published on Saturdaj*s. 

It made i\s appearance without any formal introduction. 
A ^ssertation in the Massachusdfs Spg, under the signa- 
ture of MaciuB Scffivola, probably occasioned the attempt 
to establish this paper. Mucius Sctevola had attacked 
Governor Hutchinson with a boldness and aeveritj- before 
unknown in the political disputes of this country. The 
piece excited great warmth among those wlio supported 
the measures of the Biitish administration, and they imme- 
diately commenced tlie publication of the Censor; in which 
the governor and the British administration were defended. 
Lieutenant Governor Oliver was the reputed author of 
several numbers of the Censor, undur the signature of A 
Freeman, and these w*re thought to be better written 
than any other eoraraunications to that i)apor. Several 
cither politjcians were engaged as writers lor the Censor,' 
baf they gained no proselytes to their cause ; and, although 
numbers of the first characters on the side of government 
came forward with literary and pecuniary aid, yet the cir- 
culation of the paper was confined to a few of their own 
party. As the Censor languished, its printer made an 
etTort to convert it into a newspaper; and, with this view, 

' Dr. Benjuniin Chmcb. a reputed whig, who when the RcTolutioDarf 
vaf coinmeDced was appoioted surgeoa general of the Americaa army, 
bm was soon after arrested and confined, being delected in u traitorous 
oorraBiiondt.-nce wiUi the British army in Boston, I have hvcn informed 
hy k very rcs{H.-clable pcnun, whom I have long known, waa u writer fur 
the Censor. This peraon. thtu an npprenlice 1o liussell. waa eiup1ayc<l to 
tunvi-y, iu a stcn-t manner, the doctor'a uiiiniiBtrJiita to Hit' prt-sa, and proof 
abixis from the press la ilic doctor. 


72 HiSTOHY OF Printing in America. 

some of its last numbers were accompanied with a eeporate 
half sheet, containing a few articleB of news and some ' 
advertisements. But neither its writers nor its printer 
could give it a general circulation, and it was discontinued 
before the revolution of a year from its first publication. 

The Koyal American Magazine. 

A Prospectus of this work appeared many months before 
the magazine ; but the disordered state of public afiairs, 
and the diffleultiea which individuals experienced from 
them, prevented it from being sooner put to press ; and 
after a few numbers bad been published, the distress occa- 
sioned to tlie inhabitants of Boston by shutting up and 
blockading their port, obliged ita editor to suspend the 

The first number for January, 1774, was published at 
the close of that month. It was printed on a large medium 
paper in octavo, on a new handsome type. Each number 
contained three sheets of letter press, and two copperplate 
engravings. The title was, The, Royal American. Magazine^ 
or Universal Jteposilory of Instruction ami Amusement. The 
type metal cut in the title page, represented, by an abori- 
ginal, America seated on the ground; at her feet lay a 
quiver, and near her a bow on which her right baud rested ; 
in her left band she held the calumet of peace, which she 
appeared to otter to the Genius of Knowledge standing 
before her dispensing instruction. Imprint, " Boston ; 
Printed by and for Isaiah Thomas, near the Market." Then 
follow the names of several printers on the continent who 
sold the work. 

The editor, after having been at considerable trouble and 
expense in bringing the work before the public, published 
it six months, and then was obliged, first to suspend, and 


Newspapers. — Massachusetts. 73 

afterwards to relinquish it ; but Joseph Greenleaf continued 
the publication until April following, when the war put 
a period to the magazine. 

This was the last periodical work established in Boston 
before the revolution. It had a considerable list of sub- 

The Essex Gazette. 

Containing the fresbejl Advices , both Foreign and Domeflick, 

This was the first newspaper printed in Salem. No. 1 
was published August 2, 1768; and it was continued 
weekly, on Tuesday, crown size, folio, from small pica and 
brevier types. In the centre of the title was a cut, of 
which the design was taken from the 'official seal of the 
county. The principal figure a bird with its wings ex- 
tended, and holding a sprig in its bill ; perhaps intended 
to represent Noah's dove ; and this device was far from 
being ill adapted to the state of our forefathers, who hav- 
ing been inhabitants of Europe, an old world, were become 
residents in America, to them a new one. Above the bird 
a fish, which seems to have been intended as a crest, 
emblematical of the codfishery, formerly the principal de- 
pendence of the county of Essex, of which Salem is a shire 
town. The whole supported by two aborigines, each hold- 
ing a tcjinahawk, or battle axe. Imprint, " Salem : Printed 
by Samuel Ilall, near the Town-House, Price Gs. 8d. per 

II] 10 


History of Printixg ix America. 

It was afterwards " printed by Samuel and Ebenezer 
Hall." The Gazette was well conducted, and ably sup- 
ported the cause of the country. 

In 1775, Boon after the commencement of the war, the 
printers of this paper removed with their press to Cam- 
bridge, and there published the Gazette, or, as it was then 
entitled, Tlie New England Chronicle: Or, the Essex Gazette. 
The junior partner died in 1775, and 8. Hall became Hgain 
the sole proprietor. Wlien the British army left Boston 
Hall removed to the capital, and there printed The New 
England Clirovicle, the words Ksaex Gazette being omitted. 
After publishing the paper a few years with this title, he 
sold his right to it, and the new proprietor entitled it 
Tlie Indqiaidait Chronicle,'^ and began the alteration with 
No. 1. 

Tie Saiem Gazette and Newhury and Marbkhead 

This paper, the second published in the town, made its 
flret appearance in June, 1774, printed on a crown sheet, 

' Tliis beini; the only alluHioD hy Mr. Tliotnos to tbnt pnper, a porUon of 
alelWtfrom thelalp Mr Nathnniel WUlia referring to it, dnted Boston, 
Uarch 20, 1861, is quoted : " Wlien I waa an nppnfnlice in the offlw of the 
Independent Ciirunicle, aliout ITOS, I Tounil in tlie garret enough of these 
papers to make a volume, whit-li I aminged, hnd lliem Iwund, and hsTO 
reewiUy preaented llie volume to the Boslon Public Library. Prom this 
It appears in their notices to tlie public, that Bamuel Hnll transferred tha 
paper to Nnlbaniel WHIIb and Edward E. Powars, June 13, 1776; in De- 
wnibor, 1*78, N. Willis appears as sole publisher until 1784 ; it was then 
IMQsfenvd to Adams & Nouree, afterwards Adams & Rhoadea ; and then 
my father went to Vi^lnla. I was an apprentice in ihc Chronicle office 
from ITSOtu 180.1. Samuel Hall was h bookseller in the same store where 
Gould & Lincoln »o long remained, in Washington street." Tlie Chronicle 
was united with tlie Boston Palrioi in 1818, when its title ceased. For a 
RiII account of tliis [iniirr, see Buckingham's Rftitiiiueeiieet, i. 24S-HT.— it. 


Newspapers. — Massachusetts. 75 

foiio, on an old long primer type, published weekly on 
Friday. Imprint, " Salem : Printed by K. Eussell, at bis 
New Printing-Office, in Ruck-street, near the State-Hoase."' 
This Gazette was of short continuance ; its circulation 
w»B confined to a few customers in Salem and the neighbor- 
ing towns, which were inadequate to its support. 

The American Gazette : Or, The Constitutional 

"Was first published June 18, 1776. It was published 
on Tuesday, printed on a crowu sheet, folio. Imprint, 
" 8alem : Printed by J. Rogers, at E. Russell's Print- 
ing-office, Upper End of Main-Street," kc. Russell was 
the conductor of this paper, Rogers being only his agent ; 
it was published only a few weeks. In the head was a 
large cut, a coarse copy of tliat M'hich then appeared 
in the title of the Pennsylvania Journal ; the device, a ship 
and a book, or journal, Ac, as has already been described. 

It was several years after this newspaper was discon- 
tinued before the printing of another commenced in Salem. 
In Japuary, 1781, Mary Croueh and company issued from 
their presa The Salem Gazelle and (renerai Advertiser. This 
QuKette was printed only nine months, when Samuel Hall, 
who first published The Essex Gazette, returned to Salem, 
and, ou the 18th of October, 1781, established The Salem 
GazeUe, afterwards printed by T. Gushing," 

[.See List of Newspapers printed in the UnUai Slates in 
JaimoTij, 1810.] 

' Meaning court house. 

*In 1657, Uic txlitor of the Gazette Btnted that 4S oihKr papers had 
bcrn atoned in Salem eiiic« the GiuietK, uf wliich 46 had broken up in 
bankrupU^y. Sttimiel DuAge dW at Howley. Uuaa.. .June 17, I8G0, aged 
fa, wfan hod taken and piiid lot the Sulem licgisLiT sixty years. — M. 

History of Pbixting in America. 


No attempt wa8 inatle to establish a newspaper in that 
place until the jear 1773. 

The Essex "Journal, and Merimack Packet : Or, 
the Massachusetts and New- Hampshire Genera/ 

"Was issued from the proas, Deecmher 4, 1773, by Inaiah 
Thomaa, printed on a crown sheut, folio, ei^ual in size to 
most of the papers then published in Boston. At first ita 
day of publication was Saturday ; attenvarda, Wednesday. 
Two cuts were in tlie title ; one, the left, representing the 
arms of the province, that on the right, a ship under eaiL 
Imprint, " Newbury-Port : Printed by Isaiah Thomas & 
Henry Walter-Tinges, in King-Street, opposite to the Rev. 
Mr. Paraona's Meeting-Uousc," &c. Thomas was the pro- 
prietor of the Journal ; he lived in Boston, and there pub- 
lished the Massachuselts Spi/. Tinges, sis a partner in the 
Journal, managed the concerns of it. Before the fiill 
expiration of a year Thi>mas sold liis right in this paper to 
Ezra Lunt, and, about two years after, Lunt sold to John 
MycaLl. Tinges was a partner to both ; but to the latter 
only for about six months, when the partnership was dis- 
solved, and Mycall became the proprietor and sole publisher 
of The Essex Joiinial, the publication of which he con- 
tinued many years. 

Newspapers. — Massachusetts. 



The Massachusetts Spy : Or, American Oracle of 

The printer of the Massachusetts Spy, or Boston Journal, 
was obliged to leave Boston, as has been mentioned, on 
account of the commencement of hostilities between the 
colonies ami the parent country. He settled in this place, 
and on the 3d of May, 1775, recommenced the publication 
of that paper, which he continued until the British troopa 
evacuated Boston, when he leased it for one year to Wil- 
liam Stearns and Daniel Bigelow. They adopted another 
motto: "Undaunted by Tyrants, we will die, or be free." 
After the first lease expired, the paper was leased for 
another year to Anthony Haswell, printer. Owing to 
onskillful workmen, had ink, wretched paper, and worn 
down types, the Spy appeared in a miserable d^habill^ 
during the two years for which it had been leased, and for 
two years after. At the end of that term, the proprietor 
returned to Worcester, and resumed its publication, with 
a new motto : " Unanimity at Home, and Bravery and 
Pereeverance in the Field, will secure the Independence 
of America." 

Good materials of the kinds just mentioned could not 
be immediately procured, and the Spy from necessity was 
continued under numerous disadvantages until 1781, when 
it was printed from a good type, on better paper, with new 
devices and an engraved title. The device on the left was 
a figure representing Ameriea, an Indian holding the cap 
of Liberty on a statt'with the left hand, and in the right a 
spear, aimed at the British lion, wliich appeared iu the act 
of attacking her from an opposite shore. Round the device 


78 HisTOBY OF Pbisting in America. 

right was a chain of thirteen links, with a star in each link, 
representjng the union of the thirtaen states. This chuia 
was placed in a circular form, leaving au opening for the 
arras of France, to which the eucis of the chain were atr 
tached, and which perfected the eirele. Ahove the arms 
were two hands elaeped, and directly over them a sword, 
with its hilt resting on the clasped hands; the motto, 
" DNioN." The title was thus new modelled, Tiio/iias'a Mas- 
aackusefls Sp>/ ; or the Worceslcr Gazette. Motto : " The noble 
Efforts of a Virtuous, Free and United People, sliall extir- 
pate Tyranny, and establish Liberty and Peace." 

At the conclusion of the war the Spy was enlarged, and 
each page contained five columns. It was printed fi-om 
new types ; and the motto was changed to " Noaccre res hu- 
manas est Ilomms. Knowledge of the world ia necessary 
for every man." 

About that time, its editor began to publish, in the 
paper, as room would permit, Robertson's H'tstory uf Amc- 
ricu, and completed the whole in about one year.' This 
was followed by a history of the revolutionary war. Be- 
sides these, the Spy contained valuable, useful, and enter- 
tidning extracts, on various subjects, from European and 
American publications, as well as original essays.* 

This paper was printed with continued improvements 
until March, 1786, when the publication was, on the fol- 
lowing account, suspended. The legislature of Massachu- 
setts had in March, 1785, passed an " act, imposing duties 
on licensed vellum, parchment and paper." This act laid 

■ Tlie En^^lisli (iditlon of RolKrlBon's HbUir}', in Uiree volumes, 8vo, tben 
sold for six doUara. Tliti price of the Spy wu only omo sbiUioge per' 

'The Worcester Speculator, inserted in the Spy, in numbers, weekly, 
WBB fnraished by a society of gentlemen in the county ot Worcester. 
st^lcciion from Uiese Dumbcra, sll the conipositioD of the late Reverend 
Doctor Fislie of Brookfiiild, logethcr nnlh some other iilceca by that gen- 
ticmnn, was BfitTwiirils printLii in tivo duodecimo volumes, entitled The 
Moral MonUor. 

Newspapers. — Massachusetts. 79 

» duty of two-thirda of a penny on newspapers, and a penny 
on almanacs, which were to be stamped. The British 
stamp act of 1765, violently opposed in the eolonieB, ren- 
dered this act so unpopular from its veiy name, that the 
legislature was induced to repeal it before it went into 
operation. But, in the July following, another act waa 
passed, which imposed a duty on all advertisements inserted 
in the newspapers printed in this commonwealth. This 
act was thought by the publisher of the Spy, and by many 
others, to lay an improper restraint on the press. He 
therefore discontinued the Spy during the period that this 
act was in force, which was two years. But he published 
as a snbstitute a periodical work, entitled The Worcester 
Weekly Magazine, in octavo. 

The restoration of the Spy took place in April, 1788, 
and a motto was at that time introduced from the constitu- 
tion of Massachusetts, viz. : " The Liberty of the Press is 
essential to the security of freedom." 

InlSOl, Thomas resigned the printing and publishing 
of the Spy to his son Isaiah Thomas, Jr. The Spy is the 
oldest newspaper in Massachusetts.' 

In 1785, a neat, small paper, was published serai-weekly 
in Charlcstown, Massachusetts, entitled 7'he American Se- 
corder and CiiarUstown Adcerliscr. It waspriiited about three 
years by Allen & Cusliing, and then discontinued. I men- 
tion this, because it was the only newspaper issued from 
a press in the county of Middlesex. 

' Id 1843, there were 70 newapapcre piiblUbed In Massac liusetls, aiul tha 
Spy, allUoiigli it bud met wiUi some inierniplions, waa atill recognUed 
as Ibe oldest paper in the slate. In 184S, it began to be pubtleheil daily ; 
and now, In 1873, is one of tbo most flourisbing papers in the country. 
TUerr" are now (1872), about 175 ncwaimpera and otbiT periodicals pub- 
lisbed in Uoaton silonp. — At. 

History or Phinting in America. 


Although the preas had been established many jeara 
in Connecticut before it was introduced into Rhode Island, 
yet a newspaper was published in Rhode Island twenty 
years earlier than in Connecticut. 


This town was the fourth in New England where a press 
was established, and the second from which a newspaper 
was issued. 

THE [No. I.] 

Rhode-Illand Gazette, 

This was the first paper issued in the colony. No. 1 was 
published September 27, 1732, printed on a email sheet of 
pot size, from a pica type much worn. Its contents were 
generally comprised on half a sheet. The day of publica- 
tion wna Wednesday. Imprint, " Newport, Rhode-Ialaud : 
Printed and Sold by James Franklin, at his Printing- 
Housc under the Towu-School-House, where Advertise- 
ments and Letters to the Author are taken in," 

The Gazette was discontinued the 24th of May, 1733, 
seven months from its first appearance.' Some attempts 



'Tbia would be tigbt innnlbs ; biit it iloea not Boem lo liave been 
regiilurly piiblisbtd ; Ko. 17 ie dated Jan. 25, Ko. 10 Feb. 22, No. 20 
M«rcb i.— M 


were made to revive this paper by Franklin's widow, but 
without success.' 

The Newport Mercury, 

First published about September, ITSSj'gained aperma- 
nent establisbuicnt. It was printed on Mondays by James 
Franklin, son of the printer of The Hhode Island Gazette, 
generally on paper of crown size, folio, but usually con- 
sisting oi' half a sheet only. When tJie publisher died, in 
August, 1762, the Mercury was continued by his mother, 
Anne Franklin, until she went into partnership with 
Samuel Hall, under the firm of Franklin & Hall, in Thames 
street. Mrs. Franklin died in April, 1763. Hall then be- 
came the proprietor of the Mercury, and published it until 

Under the management of Hall, the Mercury made a 
more respectable appearance than before. It was printed 
handsomely and correctly; its columns were filled with 
well selected intelligence from the papers printed in the 
neighboring colonies, and due attention was paid to domes- 
tic information. Advertising customers increased, and ita 
circulation became more extensive. 

In 1768, Hall resigned the Mercury to Solomon South- 
wick, who conducted it until several years subsequent to 
the re^'olution. During the war, while tlie British troops 
poeseased Xewport, Southwitk set up a press at Attic- 
borough, Massachusetts, and there published the Mercury. 

' Tbe press used by tlie FranklinB was preserved id the office of llio 
Mercury to a late pcriml, and an effort waa made tn Bi-11 it for |100 by 
Urn administrator of the Barbers ; but tbe claim that it was tbo press on 
which BrnJQtuin Fmnklin wrought, enuld not \tv verififd, and it remained 
unsold in a woriii-t^Ivn and disabled conditiou in 1858.— Jf. 

'Tbi- first Dumb(.'r appeared June 13. — JV. 

11] u 


HiSTOET OF Printing in Asieeica. 

He returned to Newport as soon ae that town waa evaen- 
ated, and reeetabUshed hia press.' 

This paper, when first published, had a large cut of the 
figure of Mercury in its title. Hall exchanged it for a 
small king's arms. Southvvick enlarged the king's arms, 
and added to the title ; " Contivining the freshest advices," 
&c. His printing house was " in Queen Street, near the 
Middle of the Parade," 

Southwick continued the Mercury on the respectable - 
ground on which it was placed by Hall ; and, during the 
contest for the independence of our country, he conducted 
it with flrnmess and patriotic zeul. Southwick's succes- 
sors have continued the Mercury to this time (1810), It 
is the fourth oldest paper now published in the United 

' It is Btntal {Hut. Mag., rv, 37), Ihat Ihe British plundered hU office of 
£300. AnoUier roriort(.Vn(?K/r(.tfereary,8ept. 12, 1858), etitli^ Ibat before 
leaving the islauil, Soulliwick buried his press and tyjiea in the garttcain 
the rear of the old Eilburn House, in Broad street; that a tory, having 
knowledge of the fiaci, gave the enemy information, and they were dug up, 
and used by liie British during their slay, and ttiat copies of a ])a|>er imb- 
lished by them are preserved in the Retlwod Library. — 3f. 

'Henry Barber, who pubiished the Mercury in 1T80, ieamed prinUng 
of Southwick. Tlic family emigrated from England, and f)ettle<] in West- 
erly. R. I. He died Sept. 11, 1800, and was succecdcii by his sons, Wil- 
liam and John H.; they wore finally auci;ucded by William Lee Barber, 
the son of John B., who died Dec 37, 1850, aged 29, and the paper, wkiuh 
had been publlsLed by them aimoat uninlemipledly during seventy yeara, 
passed out of the family. It is Bmi coDtintiud, and is the oldest paper in 
the uountry except Ihe JVffNi Hampt/ure (tiactU, which is two years its 
senior See vol. i, pp. IW-aoi.— M. 

The following item ia ciipjied from Ibe Button Daily Advrrtintr of Not. 
16, 1873; " The Seaport Ji/«reurywssaoldlo-daylo JohnP. Sanborn, who 
for two years past haabfen the Kdiluv ot thi; Dailff Xewi of thisdly. F. A. 
Pratt, Ihc former owner of the Mercury, boa been connected with It for 
thirty years, and from its columns has reaped a profllablo harvest with 
wbii^ be will retire from the joumallstic field. It \a niuiored that Uie day 
iB not far distant when the Mercury will be issued as a uioruing daily." — ff. 

Newspapers. — Rhode Island. 


The Providence Gazette, and Country yourual. 

Centaining ihifrtjhtft advices, bath Foreign and Domeituk. 

This was the only newspaper printed in Providence 
before 1775. It was first published October 20, 1762, by 
"William Goddard, on a sheet of crown size, folio; a cut 
of the king's anus decorated the title. It was printed 
every Saturday, from types of euglish and long primer. 
Imprint, " Providence : Printed by William Goddard, at 
the Printing-Office near the Great Bridge, where Subseriji- 
tions, Advertisemeuts and Letters of Intelligence, Ac, are 
received for this Paper ; and where all Manner of printing 
"Work 18 performed with care and Expedition," 

The Gazette was discontinued from May 11, to Aiigust 
24, 1765. On that day a paper was published, headed Vox 
Popidi, VoJ^ Z>ei, A Providence Gazette Extraordinary, 
Printed by 8. and W. Goddard." After this itwaa, till 
January, 1707, " Printed by Sarah Goddard and Co." It 
then appeared with this imprint : " Printed (in the Absence 
of William Goddard) by Sarah Goddard & Co." In a 
short time after this, it was published by Sarah Goddard 
and John Carter. 

In 1769, William and Sarah Goddard resigned their 
right in the Gazette to John Carter, who haa published 
it from that time to the present (1810). 

This paper zealously defended the rights of the colonies 
before the revolution, ably supported the cause of the 
country during the war, and baa weekly diffused federal 
I repablican principles since the establishment of independ- 
ence. The Gazette has, from time to time, been supplied 

84 HiSTORT OF Priktikg in Amebica. 

by various writerB, with many well composed political, 
moral and entertaining essays. Its weekly collection of 
intelligence is judiciously selected, and it was correctly 
and regularly printed more than forty years by its respect- 
able publisher, John Carter. 
i_ \_See Newbiurypartj Philadelphia^ Baltimore.'] 

Newspapers. — Connecticut. 



Newspapers were not printed in this colony until 1755, 
and till this period there bad been but one printing house 
established in ConnectJcut. 

The war with the French at this time, in which the 
British colonies were deeply interested, increased the de- 
mand for public journals, and occasioned the publieation 
of one in Connecticut, Before the commencement of the 
revolntionary war, four newspapers were published in this 


The Connecticut Gazette. 

Containing the freshest Advices, Foreign and Domestick. 

This paper made its appearance January 1, 1755. It wa« 
printed on a half sheet of foolscap, in quarto; but occa- 
sionally on a whole sheet of pot, folio, by James Parker & 
Company ; and was published weekly, on Friday. John 
Holt was the editor, and the junior partner of the firm ; he 
conducted the Journal till 1760, when he removed to New 
York, and Thomas Green was employed by the company 
to conduct the Gazette. 

By the establishment of postridere to the seat of the war 
at the northward, and to several parts of the colony, the 
Gazette bad, for that tjme, a considerable circulation. The 


History of Printing in America. 

publication waa continued by Parker & Company till 1764, 
when it was for a short time euspended, but afterwarik re- 
vived by Benjamin Mecom. 

Mecoin contimied the Gazette, and added a cut to the 
title — one which he had uaed in the title page of The A'ew 
England Magazine, published by him three or four months 
in Boston. The device was a hand clasping a bnnch of 
flowers. He afterwards exchanged this for another, which 
represented a globe placed on the head of a seraph, an eagle 
with extended wings lighting mth one claw on the globe, 
holding in the other a book encircled by a glory ; from the 
book was suspended a pair of dividers. Motto, "Honor 
Virtule Paratur." Another motto, extending the whole 
width of the page, was added after the title, viz : " Those 
who would give up Essential Ziibtrrty, to purchase a little 
Temporary Safety, deserve neither Liberty nor Safety." Im- 
print, " Printed by Benjamin Mecom, at the PostOffiee in 
New-Haven," There were two columns in a page of this 
paper, which was printed from long primer and pica types. 

Holt, and Mecom his successor, appear to have been 
attentive in making selections for the Gazette, which was 
sometimes supplied with original essays on various subjects. 
It was discontinued in 1767. 

The Connecticut Journal and New- Haven Post-Boy. 

This paper was tirst published in October, 1767, 30oa 
after the Gazette waa discontinued. It was printed on a 
pot aliect, folio, three columns in a page ; types, long primer 
and pica. A cut of a postman on horseback, copied from 
The Boston Poat-Boy, but badly engraved, divided the title. 
It was published weekly, on Friday. Imprint, generally, 
" Printed by Thomas and Samuel Green, near the Col- 
lege." Some years after, the title was (Jomiectieut Journal 

Newspapebs. — Connecticut. 


only, the cut omitted, aud the eize of the paper enlarged 
to a crown sheet ; but it was occasionally varied. 

The Journal gained an establishment, and maintained 
its ground against several other papers which have from 
time to time appeared in New Haven. It continued to be 
published by Thomas and Samuel Green, until February, 
1799; Samuel then died, and the Journal was continued 
till January, 1809, by Thomas Green & Son.' It baa lately 
(1810) been enlarged to a sheet of royal, and the title altered 
to Jl\e Cutmecticiit Journal and Advertiser. In January, 
1809, it was printed by Thomas Green & Co.* In July of 
the aame year, Thomas Green retiring from business, the 
new firm was dissolved, and the Journal published, on 
Thnrsdays, " by Eli Hudson,' successor to T. Green & Co." 

T&e New-London Summary. 

The Summary was the second newspaper established in 
that colony, and was first publialied August 8, 1758, by the 
second Timothy Green. It was printed on a small half 
sheet, and occasionally on a whole sheet, weekly ; at first 
on Tuesday, and afterwards on Friday, A small cut of the 
colony arms was in the title. Green continued the Sum- 

BamucI GrcGii died at New Hnven, Feb., ITOB, aged IS. His brother 
died there ulao, Miiy, 1812, agvd 77. Thomu, Jr., died in May, 
18!5. aged 00.— M, 

The company wereThomasQrcen, jun., and Thomas Collier. Collier 
•erred im apprenticeship with big uncle Richard Draper, at Boston, and 
Vaa Ihe publisher of a newspaper at Litciifieid, In 178S, entitled, JTm 
Wtddf/ Monitor and Aintriean Adtierti»er. 

' In 1819 it would seem that Hudson had passed the Journal to other 
hands, as be was in that year a Jonmeyman in Tiie offlce of the Gonneetieut 
Heraid. He was inefflclenl and diB.«iiialed. The Journal wns published 
nnUI about 1844, by Newton k Peck, on whose Iwnds it died, or was 
merged in another concern. — M. 

88 History of Printikg in Amebica. 

mary until hia de&th, which happened in October, 1768, 
flnd three weeks after his demise it was diaeontiimed.' 

The New-London Gazette. 
With the latest Advicts^ Foreign and Domestick. 

This Gazette was Bubfltituted for the Summary, which it 
immediately sncceeded. It bad a cat of the king's arms 
in the title, and was first published November 1, 1768,* by 
Timothy Grfen, the third printer of this name in Kew 
London. This paper was isRued weekly, on Friday, on a 
sheet of foolscap, folio, principally from a long primer type. 

On the 17th of December, 1773, the title was altered to 
The Connecticut Gazelle. It was enlarged to a sheet of crown, 
and afterwards to a sheet of larger size. 

This paper outlived aeveral which, since 1775, were pub- 
lished in the same place ; it uniformly defended the rights 
of the country before our revolution, and supported federal 
republican principles after the adoption of the constitution.* 

Timothy Green, the first printer of the Gazette, in May, 

' We leoTD from Miss CaulklnB, that it was entitled Jlte A'no LoniUm 
Biimmary, or the Weekly Adtxrtuer, teith tfie Freahegt Adnat, Fbra'gn ant 
Domeitic. T\ic coXo^hoa vt», PHiiUd by Tkomat Green. It wa« a folio 
Bbeet \ the elze of the page 8 X 13 Inches, m two columne. A cut of the 
colony Hcul, aurmounted b; an escutcheon of the lown, n ship tinder foU 
sail, by way of crest. No. 1 was ismied Aug. 8, 1T58; the editor died Aug. 
3, 1TS3, and Uie paper was discontinued.— if. 

■After the i)caoe of PuriD, in 1703. the trade of New London i«vived,uiil 
the Onzt'lte was printed on the 3d Nov. {lliti. A'eie Lowi.. cd. 1800. p. 478), 
Tlie size was considerably incrciLsi'd, the print arranged in three colnmna, 
and the priue 3«. per annum. It changed owners often, llie last Green 
surrendering il in 1641, and In 1844 it was discontinued, after an esistenoe 
of more then 80 yiwnt. See Caulkins'g iZurf. JV'eui Ijmdan, ed. 1860, p. 
B54-S.— Jf. 

* In 17S7. Charles Holt began to publish a paper in New London, called^ 
TheBtf. So fully did the Greens possess the ground, that it was«eriou8l7 
inquired orHr. Holt If ho Lnd obiatned permission of tlK'ni to publish 
paper there. Holt removed to lludaon, N. Y., ua 1802.— Jf. 

Newspapess, — Connecticut. 

1793, reaigued his right in the paper to his i 
Green, who continued its publication. 


The Connecticut Courant. 

This was tite third newfipa{>cr established in the colony. 

It was first published in December, 1764,' by Thomas 

' A fsc-eimile of tbo first Courant wiis published. Id 18S4. which is dated 
Xondaj, Ociobor 311, lTft4. It appears lo liave been a prospectus Dumber, 
unknown to Mr. Thiimna. It was issued aa Number 00, and is diited 
" Hartfonl : Printed by Tlionias Green, al the Heart and Crown, near tlie 
North Heetiog Uuiisc." The following is the editor's address : 

" nanfonl, Oelnber 20th, 1784" 

" 01 alt the Arts which have beeu iiitrmluc'd aniongst ftfankind, for thi? 
tivUi/lnK Hnnian-Niitiire, and rendering Life agreeable and happy, none 
tppeitrofgreiiter Advantage llianlbal of Printing; forliereby lliegreatest 
Genius's of all Afi:ea, and Nations, live and sptuk for tlic Benefit of future 
Gcnentiona. — Was it not for the Press, we should be left almost Intirely 
Ignorant of all those noble Sentiments which the AntieDls were endow'd 
with. By Ihis Art, Men arc brought acquainted with each other, though 
herer so remote, as to Age or Situation ; it lays open to View, the Man- 
nets, Oeniusand Policy of all Nations and Countries and faithfully trans- 
inits them to Posterity. — But not to insist upon the Usefulnera of this 
Alt in general, which must be obvious to every One, whose Thoughts are 
Ibe least extensive. The Benefit of a Weekly Paper, must in particular 
kari> iu Advantages, as it is the Channel which conveys the History of 
llic prMCDi Times to every Part of the World. The Articles of News 
ftrau ilie differttnt Papers (which we shall receive every Baturday, from 
\h« neighboring Provinces) that shall appMr to us. to be most authentic 
iwl Intvreeting shall always be carefully inserted; and great Care will 
b« hifaon to collect from Time to Time all domestic Occiiirencee, that are 
Worll)7 the Notice of Iho Publick ; for which, we shall always be obliged 
to Miy of our CorresiiOBdenls, within whose Knowledge they mayhapjien. 
Tha CONNECTICUT COUItANT, (a Specimen of which, the Publick 
Wt now presented with) will, on due Encouragement be continued every 
Monday, beginning uo Monday, the lOth of November, next : Which F.n - 
Eoungement wc hope to deserve, by a constant Endeavour lo render this 
Falter, tiAeful and entertaining, not only as a Channel for News, but assist- 
ing to nil Those who may liave Occasion to make use of it as an 

This paper is siill (1873) in successful career, being published daily, 
knd wcrkly : Ibe latter issue Is staf-d at 9000 copies,— M. 

M] 12 

90 History of Printing in America*. 

Green, on a sheet of pot size, and continued, weekly on 
^, until 1767. Green then took as a partner Eben- 
ezer Watson, and removed to New Haven. Watson 
managed the Courant for two years, under the firm name 
of Green & Watson, after which Watson became its pro- 
prietor. The paper was for a number of years printed 
\vith a much worn long primer type, occasionally inter- 
mixed with columns and half columns of old pica. About 
the year 1773, it was enlarged to a crown sheet; a coarse 
cut of the king's arms was inserted in the title, to which 
was added, " Containing the freshest and most important 
Advices, both Foreign and Domestic." The Courant was 
at\er\vards printed on a new type, when it made a more 
rospoctiible appearance. The king's arms were discarded, 
and the arms of Connecticut took their place in the title, 
which was now altered to The Connecticut Courant and 
Hartford Wcekh/ Inttiligcnccr : Containing, &c. Imprint: 
** Printetl and published by Ebenezer Watson, near the 

After the British troops gained jK)«isession of Xew York, 
and the now^^papers on the ^^ide of the country in that place 
wore disoontinuod. and the printers of them dispersed, the 
Counint Kvamo of much consequence ; it^ circulation ra- 
pidly inoroacreti : an<K for >c»me time, the number of copies 
printetl weekly was equal to, if not greater, than that of 
any other pajvr then printed on the continent, 

Watson, the publisher, died in SeptemWr, 1777, and the 
Counuit was oontinuetl bv his widow and Geor^ Goodwin, 
under the tinn of ir^z/.v^j-i \ G^y^hca, until March, 1779. 

Barr.illai Iludsi^n * marrio^i the widow of Watson, ami 
lHH'A:vie the panner of ii»K^l\vin in March, 1779 : and, from 
:hat t:n;e to the present 1>1«^\ the Courant has been pub- 

Mr il:-^- v."\ Jlyi^l. ls^:.^ 4:n..: v^ i; ^:.:^v .;j.^^ |j^ ^^^^ ^^^^ 

Newspapers. — Conkecticdt. 


lished by the well eetablisbed firm of Hudson & Gloodwiii ;' 
the latter of whom haa the maiiagemeat of the press.' 
From the commencement of the war, in 1775, many respect- 
able writerB occasionally furnished thia paper with political 
essays in favor of mcasurea adopted by the country in the 
time of the great contest; and in defence of those since 
pOTBued by the federal administration. 

Htfft Kortoiri) ^acftcf. 

^nd, the Connecticut, Massachusetts, New-Hamp- 
shire, and Rhode Island Weekly Advertiser. 

The publication of the Packet began in October, 1773. 
It was handsomely printed with a new long primer type, 
on a sheet of crown paper, weekly, on Thursday.' " Nor- 
wich Packet " was engraved in large German text, and the 
title waa divided by a large cut of a ship under sail. Im- 
print, " Norwich : Printed by Alexander Robertson, James 
Robertson & John Trumbull, at the Printing-Office near 
the Conrt^Houae, at Six Shillinga and Eight Pence per 
Annum. Advertisementa, 4c., are thankfully received tor 

« when 1 knew him in Hartford, 
iirtorwarda, was stitl in tlie liabit. 
icem, of walking U) the jirinting 
I ^IJC, to gratify long established 
In 1842, an old gentleman called 

' Mr. Goodwin wns yet hale and at 
b 1839, and for more than twelve yea 
alLbough DO longer a partner in the 
offio! daily, and setting uppuragrapli 
h«bil. He died May 14, lft44, aged a 

at the oiHce of the Caurant, wlio atnt«d that he was in his 881I1 year, and 
that he had been a HUbscriber to the iiaper sixty-fiTo year«,^- M. 

'The Courant is silll published at Hartford, by Uawley, Ooodrich & 

Co.— /?: 

' Caulkina's Butary of Nnrtmch, pp. 3B7-64, gives a fac-Himile of the head 
uf this ps|icr, and an exlended aeconnl of it and its publMicrs. Sec also 
Tht yvr\eifJi Jvliilft, p. 233, tor a hi^loricul sketch uf printt-rsandpriuliui; 
ID that phMW.— M. 

92 History of Pbiktikg in Aiceriga. 

this Paper, and all Manner of Printing Work is performed 
with Care, Fidelity, and Expedition." 

The Packet was continaed by this company until June, 
1776 ; Trumbull then became the sole publisher, and con- 
tinued it with various alterations in the titie, size, and ap- 
pearance, until he died, in 1802. After his decease,, it was 
printed for his widow, Lucy Trumbull, but under a new title, 
viz : The Oormecticut GmtineL The Centinel in feet was a 
new paper, established on the foundation of the Packet 

Newspapers. — New Hampshire. 



Xo newspaper was printed in this colony until the year 


A press having been established in Portsmouth by Daniel 
Fowle from Boston, he in August, 1756,* began the pub- 
lication of a public journal, entitled 


Numb. i. 

Fkiday, Auguft, 1756. 

New- Hampfhire 

Crov and 
the Fox. 


Csntaininj^ the Frejhtjl Advicti^ 

Fonign and Dtmeftick. 

It was first printed from a long primer type, on half a 
sheet foolscap, in quarto; but was soon enlarged to half a 
slieet crown, folio ; and it sometimes appeared on a whole 
slieet crown. Imprint, " Portsmouth, in Xew Hampshire, 

' On \\nt Gth of October, 1850, a ceiitennijil anniversary of the first news- 
paper in Xew Hampshire was held at Portsmouth, for which occasion a fac- 
simiU* of the first number of the Gazette was printed. It appears by that, 
tliat the date was Thursday, October 7. It is possible that a prospectus 
number was issued in August, as was the case with the Xeioport Mercury. 
Althouijh the anniversary of tlie establishment of the Gazette was cele- 
brated with great spirit and eclat in I80O, the paper was discontinued in 
1801, for about two years, when it was revived and published with eminent 
success. Abner (ireenleaX, who had printed and edited the Gazette, died 
Sept. 28, 1808, aged 83. An almanac was also printed at this offitre in 1750 
for the ensuin<r vear. — M. 

94 History of Printing in America. 

Printed by Daniel Fowle, where this Paper may be had a£ J 
one Dollar per Annum; or Equivalent in Bills of Credi^l 
computing a Dollar this year at Four Pounds Old Tenor.'* 

Fowle had several type metal cuts, which had been en-i 
graved and used for an abridgment of Croxall's Esop ; and 1 
08 he thought that there should be something ornamental I 
in tlie title of the Gazette, and not finding an artist to e 
grave any thing appropriate, he introduced one of these 1 
cute, designed for tlie fable of the crow and the fox. This J 
cut was, in a short time, broken by some accident, and he I 
supplied its place by one engraved for the fable of Jupiter I 
and the peacock. This was used until worn down, whea f 
another cut from the fables was substituted. Eventually, ; 
the royal arms, badly engraved, appeared ; and at the same 1 
time, " Historical Chronicle " was added to the title ; a cut a 
of the king's arms well executed, afterwards took the plao&i 
of the other. 

In September, 1764, Robert Fowle became the partner 1 
of Daniel in the publication of the Gazette, and in 1774 
tJiey separated. In 1775, there was a little irregularity in 
the publication of the paper, occasioned by the war ; but 
D. Fowle in a short time continued it as usuah The Ga- 
zette was not remarkable in its political features ; but its 
general complexion was favorable to the cause of the 

In May, 1776, Benjamin Dearhorne, to whom Fowle 
taught printing, became the publisher of this paper, and 
altered its title to, The JVecman's Journal, or Nac-Uamp- 
shin: Omelle, Dearhorne continued tlie paper a few years, 
after which it was again published hj Fowle, who made 
several alterations in the title. In 178.'i, Fowle relin- 
quished it to Melchor & Osborne, who pub hshed it for a 
number of years ; and it is, at the present time (1810), is- 
sued from the prcHS of their successors with its original 
title. The New-Kampshire Gazette is the oldest ne^vB- 

Newspapers. — New Hampshire. 

paper printed inNew England ; and onlytwoof those whicli 
preceded it are now published in the United States.' 

The Portsmouth Mercury and Weekly Advertiser. 

CoaUining the ficllicn a] 

It Advicei, bolh Fore 

This was the second newspaper published in New Hamp- 
shire. Its first appearance was on the 2l8t of January, 
1765. It was introduced with an address to the public, 
wbic}i states that, 

" The PubUsher proposes to print Notliiug thiit may 
have the least Tendency to subvert good Order iu puhlick 
or private Societies, and to steer clear oflitigious, ill natured 
and trifling Diriput«8 in Individuals ; yet, neither opposi- 
tion, arbitrary Power, or pubiick Injuries may be expected 
to be acreen'd from the Knowledge of the People, whose 
Liberties are dearer to them than their Uvea." 

The Mercury was published weekly, on Monday, on a 
crown sheet, folio, from a new large faced small pica from 
Cottrell'fl foundry in London.^ Imprint, " Portsmouth, in 
New-IIampsbire, Printed by Thomas Furber at the New 
Printing-office near the Parade, where this Paper may be 
had for one Dollar or Six Pounds 0. T. per year ; One Half 
to be paid at Entrance." 

The Mercury a few weeks after ita first appearance was 
very irregular as to its size. It was most commonly com- 
prised in a sheet of pot or foolscap, printed broadsides, but 
occasionally on half asheetof metlium or demy, according 
as paper could be purchased at the stores the moment it 
was wanted. The typography of the Mercury, the new 

' Tliis paiM-r is now, 1672, Ihe weekly isBue o 

published doily ou a sbeel at eiglil pages. — if. 

' Not celebrated (or prodiieiog tlie best tyjies 

Ihe Porttmoiith CAroiiicIt 

96 History of Printing in America. I 

type excepted, did not exceed that of the Gazette. The 
collection of loteUigence was inferior; and this paper was 
not more supported by any number of respectable writers | 
than the Gazette. Before the first year of the pnbHcation of J 
the Mercury ended, Furbertook as a partner Ezekiel Rua- j 
Bell, and his name appeared aft^r Furber'e in the imprint. 

They who in the greatest degree encouraged the Mer- 1 
cury, very warmly opposed the stamp act, laid on the colo- ' 
nies at this time by the British parliament; indeed, the 
spirit of the country rose in opposition to this act ; and, 
although some publishers of newspapers made a faint stand, ' 
yet few among those more immediately attached to the , 
British administration, were hardy enough to afford the i 
measure even a feeble support. The Nnc Ilamjii'Idre Ga- 
zette^ which some thought would not appear in opposition 
to the stamp act, came forward against it ; and, on the day ' 
preceding that on which it was designed Uie act should tjike 
place, appeared in full mourning, contjiined some very j 
spirited observations against this measure of government, 
and continued to be published as usual without stamps. 

The Mercury did not gain that circulation which it might 
have obtained had its editors taken a more decided part, 
and either defended government with energj', or made the 
paper gt.'nerally interesting to the public by a zealous support 
of the rights and liberties of the colonies. In consequence 
of the neglect of tlie publishers to render the Meruury 
wortliy of public attention, the customers withdrew, and 
the paper, after having been published about three years, , 
was discontinued. From tliis time to the commencemeDt | 
of the war, the Gazette was the only newspaper published | 
in the province of New Hampshire. 

Newspapers. — New Hampshire^ 97 


The third newspaper which appeared in New Hamp- 
shire, was issued from the press in Exeter, near the close 
of the- year 1775, and published, irregularly, by Robert 
Fowle, under various titles, in 1776 and part of 1777, until 
discontinued. It was printed on a large type, small paper, 
and often on half a sheet. It was first entitled, A New- 
Hampshire Gazette^ afterwards The New Hampshire Gazette; 
The New Hampshire Gazette^ or Exeter Morning Chronicle; 
The New Hampshire [State] Gazette^ or^ Exeter Circulating 
Morning Chronicle ; The State Journal^ or The New Hamp- 
shire Gazette and Tuesday's Liberty Advertiser. These and 
other alterations, with changes of the day of publication, 
took place within one year. It was published, generally, 
without an imprint. In the last alteration of the title, a 
large cut, coarsely engraved, was introduced ; it was a copy 
of that which had for several years been used in The Penn- 
sylcarda Journal^ and the same which Rogers, some time 
before, had introduced into the Salem Gazette and Advertiser. 

Several other newspapers since 1777, have had a begin- 
ning and ending in Exeter. 

See account of T^ie Ptnmylviinia Journal^ Sakm OazetU\ &c. 

II] 13 

IIisTOET OF Feinting in America. 


"When treating of the introiluction of printing into New 
York, I should have mentioned, that in 1668, Governor 
Lovelace woa deeirous of having a press estabhshed in that 
province ; and it appears by a record made at the time, that 
he sent to Boston to procure a printer, but did not succeed 
in his application. In 1686, among other articles of instnio- 
taon sent by King James to Governor Dongan,one was, 
that he should " allow no printing press in the province," 
And, consequently, the paniphleta which appeared in the 
&mous dispute respecting the unfortunate colonel Leialer, 
in 1689 and 1690, are supposed to have been printed in 
Boston. jiSee Appendix H. 



The first newspaper published in the city was printed by 
William Bradford. It made its appearauce October 16, 
1725, and was entited, 

New-York Gazette. 

Dm Monday Oct. iG, to Oct. 3], 1715. 

This paper was published weekly, on Monday. I have I 
K few numbers of this Gazette, published in 1736. They I 

Newspapers. — New Yobk. 99 

are printed on a foolscap sheet, from a type of the size of 
english, much worn. In the title are two cata, badly exe- 
cuted ; the one on tlie left la the arms of New York, sup- 
ported by an Indian on each side ; the crest is a crown. 
The cut on tlie right is a postman, on an animal some- 
what rtsembling a horse, on full speed. The imprint, 
"Printed and Sold hy William Bradford, in New York. 

Bradford was near seventy years of age when he began 
the pablicatioQ of the Ghizette ; he continued to publish it 
ahout8ixteenyears,andthenretired from business. James 
Parker began The New York Gazette anew in January, 

New- York Weekly JOURNAL. 

MUNDAV, Ociober s, I73J.' 

Thb was the second newspaper estabUshed in the pro- 
vince; it made its appearance November 5. 1733. The 
Journal was of the small size usually printed at that time, 
that 13 foolscap ; generally a whole sheet, printed chiefly 
on pica. It was published every " Manday." Imprint, 
" New York ; Printed and Sold by John Peter Zenger : 
By whom Subscriptions for this Paper are taken in at 
Three Shillings per (Juarter." 

The Journal waa established for a political purpose. For 
three years it was in a state of warfare with the adminis- 
tration of Governor Crosby, and his successor Lientenaut^ 

Zenger, by some miatake, dated lib first paper October 5, IT^t, instead 
of November 5. In the account of liia trial, he mentions tliat be began 
Uie Journal Kor, 5, 1733, and so it apiicars from the numbi:ra. No. 3 19 
dated NoTemlrer 13, 1733. — MitTiAty, was 90 spelled byZcngiT, andoUiera 
St tlinl time. 


History of Printing in America. 

Governor Clarke. It wae eupposed to be published under 
the patronage of the Honorable Rip Van Dam, who had i 
been president of the eoimcil, and opposed the governor 
and his sueeessor. The Nae York Gazelle, printed by 
Bradford, was then under the control of the governor. 

Newspapers were not at that time burthened with adver- 
tieementa. I have seen several nnmbera printed after the 
paper had been established seven or eight years, with only 
one or two advertisements. It was well printed. Zenger \ 
appears to have understood his business, and to have boen \ 
a, scholar, but he was not correct in the English language, 
especially in orthography. 

On Sunday, the 17th of November, 1V3-1, Zenger was 
arrested and imprisoned by virtue of a warrant from the 
governor and council, " for printing and publishing several 
seditious libels," in the New York Weekli/ Journal, viz : in 
Numbers 7, 47, 48 and 49. The governor and council by 
message requested the concurrence of the house of repre- | 
sentatives in prosecuting Zenger, and a committee of con- 
ference on the subject was cliosen by the house and by the 
council. The house finally ordered the request of the 
governor and council to lie on the table, and would not 
concur. The governor aud council then ordered the mayor 
and magistrates, at their quarter session in November, 1734, 
to attend to the "burning by the common hangman, or 
whipper, near the pillory, the libellous papers." The 
mayor's court would not attend to the order; the papers 
were therefore burnt by the order of tlie governor, not by 
the liangman or whipper, who were officers of tlie corpo- 
ration, but by the sheriffs servant. At the next term of 
the Buprente court, the grand jury found the presentment 
against Zenger ignoramus. The attorney general was then ■ 
directed to file an infm-mation against him for printing the ] 
said libels, and)ie remained in prison until another term. I 
T ff« counsel ottered esecptiouB to the commissions of the 1 

Newspapers. — New York. 



judges, and prayed to have them filed. Tlie judges would 
not allow, or even hear the exceptions, and thoj excluded 
Zenger's coanBel, Mr. Alexander and Mr. Smith, from 
the bar. Zenger obtained other counsel, \\z : Mr, John 
Chamhcrs, of New York, and Andrew Hamilton, Eaq., of 
Philadelphia, Mr. Hamilton made the journey from Phila- 
delphia to New York for the sole purpose of defending 
Zenger heing put to trial pleaded votfpjilti/. The 
printing and publishing the papers were acknowledged by 
Zenger'fl counsel, who offered to give the truth in evidence. 
Thia the court would not admit. Mr. Hamilton argued 
flic cause in a most able manner, before the court and a 
numerous and respectable assemblage of people. The 
judges observed, that the jury might find that Zenger 
printed and published the papers in question, and leave it 
to the court to determine whether they were libellous. 
Mr. Hamilton remarked, tliat they iii'tfht do so, but they 
had a right, beyond all dispute, to judge of the laic as well 
as the fact, Ae. The jury having retired a short time, 
returned with a verdict, not guilty, to the great mortification 
of the court, and of all Zenger's prosecutors; hut which 
was received by the audience with loud bursts of applause, 
concluding with three cheers. The next day Zenger was 
released fl-om prison, after having lieeu confined eight 

At the common council of the city of New York, holden 
on the 29th of September following, the mayor, aldermen 
and sssietants, presented Mr. Hamilton with the freedom 
of the city, and the thanks of the. corporation expressed in 
the following manner, 

Cityof i\'ew York, as.: Paul Richards, Esq., Mayor, 
Recorder, Aldermen, and Assistants of the City of 
> York, convened in Common Council, to all to whom 
« PresentB shall come, Greeting, "VSTiereas, Honour 
the just Reward of Virtue, and publick Benefits demand 


History of Printing in Amehica. 

apublick Acknowledgment. "We therefore, under a grate- 
ful Sense of the remarkable Service done to the Inhabitants 
of this City and Colony, by Andrew Hamilton, Esq; of 
Pennsylvania, Barrister at Law, by hia learned and gener- 
ous Defence of the Rights of Mankind and the Liberty of 
the Press, in the Case of John-Peter Zetiger, lately tried on 
an Liibrmation exhibited in the Supreme Court of this 
Colony, do by these Presents, be^r to the said Andrew Ha^ < 
miltou, Esq ; the publick Thanks of the Freemen of this 
Corporation for that signal Service, which he cheerfally 
undertook under great Indisposition of Body, and gener- 
ously performed, refusing any Fee or Reward ; and in 
Testimony of our great Esteem for his Person, and Senae 
of his Merit, do hereby present him with the Freedom of 
this Corporation. These are, therefore, to certify and de- 
clare, that the said Anclrno JIamiifo}i,'Eaq; is hereby ad- 
mitted and received and allowed a Freeman and Citizen of 
said City ; To Have, Hold, Enjoy and Partake of all the 
Benefits, Liberties, Privileges, Freedoms and Immunitiefl 
whatsoever granted or belonging to a Freeman and Citizen 
of the same City. In Tentimony whereof the Common 
Council of the said City, in Common Council assembled, 
have Caused the Seal of the said City to be hereunto affixed 
this Twenty-Ninth Day of ikptaiiher, Anno Domini Ona 
Thousand Seven Hundred and Thirty-Five. 
" By order of the Common Council, 

" William Shin-pas, Clerk." 

The foregoing grant of the freedom of the city was, by 
torder of the corporation, sent to Mr. Hamilton by Stephen 
Bayard, one of the aldermen, in a gold box weighing five 
and a half ounces, made for the occasion. On the lid of 
the box was engraved the arms of the city, with this motto : 
MC TANDEM EMERGUXT." On the inner side of J 

Newspapers. — New Yohk. 


the front of the rim of the box, a part of Tully's wish : 

Zenger publislied the Journal on Mondays, till he tiled 
in the snmmer of 1746, It was continued by his widow, 
Catbariae Zenger, till December, 1748, when ehe resigned 
the publication to her eon John Zenger. Her imprint 
was, " New York : Printed by the Widow Caikrine Zenger, 
at the Printing-Offiee in Stone-Street ; Where Advertise- 
ments are taken in, and all Persons may be supplied with 
this paper." She spelled her name Cathrine in all her im- 
prints and advertieements. 

John Zenger, in January, 1748-9, new modelled the 
title of the Journal, and added a cut, coarsely executed, of 
a section of the royal arms, containing three lions gardant, 
encircled with the usual motto, " Honi soit qve mat y pense ;" 
surmounted by a crown. The imprint, "New York: 
Printed by John Zenger, in Stone-street, near Fort George; 
Where AdvertisementH are taken in at a moderate rate." 
John Zenger published this paper until about 1752, when 
it was discontinued, hut in 1766, the title was revived by 
John Holt. 

In The New York Journal of February 25, 1761, is the 
following advertisement : " My country subscribers are 
earnestly desired to pay their arrearages for this Journal, 
which, if they don't speedily, I shall leave oil' sending, and 
seek my money another way. Some of these kind custo- 
mers are in arrears upwards of seven years ! Now as I 
have served them so long, I think it is time, ay and high 
time too, that they give me my outset ; for they may verily 
believe that my every-day cloathes are almost worn out. 
N. B. Gentlemen, If you have not ready money with you, 

id alkn-d from Cic. de 0^: lib, 3, cop. ~.~II. 

lO-l History of Printing in America. 

atill think of the Printer, and when you have read this Ad- 
vertisement, aud considered it, you cannot but say, Gome 
Dame, (especially you inq^uisitive wedded men, let the 
Batclielora take it to themselves) let us send the poor 
Printer a few Gammons or some Meal, some Butter, 
Cheese, Poultry, &c. In the mean time I am Yours, itc. 
J, Zeiiger." 

The New Tork Gazette, or. Weekly Post-B<yy, 

Was established by James Parker, in January, 1742-3, 
about the time that Bradford discontinued his Gazette, and 
he probably retained the subscribers for that paper. 

I have a few numbers of this Gazette published several 
months after its establishment, the title of which reads thus, 
" The New York Gazette lievkcd in Ike Weekly Post-Boy. 
Containing the freshest Advices, Foreign and Domestick." 
It was printed on Thursdays, on a foolscap sheet, folio. 
Imprint, " i^^ew York : Printed by James Parker, at the 
New PrUiting-Office in Beaver-Street, where Advertise- 
ments are taken in, and all Persons may be supplied with 
this Paper." 

Two letters appeared in the Gazette of February, 1748, 
reflecting upon some respectable quakere in Philadelphia. 
These letters were not genuuie, and gave otfenee to some 
of Parker's readers. He, therefore, tlie 29th of that month, 
thus addressed the public, 

" Poor Printers are often under a very unhappy dilemma, 
of either displeasing one Part of their Benefactors, or giv- 
ing Offence to others; and sometimes get the Ill-will of 
both sides; It has indeed been much against my Will to 
print any Thing, that savour'd of Forgery, Invective, or 
Partyism ; but being too dependent, can't always avoid it : 
The Press is looked on as the grand Bulwark of Libcrbj 

Newspapers. — New York. 


LigliJ, Truih wiA. Religion ; and if at any Time the Innocent 
is attack'd unjustly, the Gospel pronounces fluch Blessed; 
and commou Sense tcUa us their Innocence will shme Ihe m*yre 
cvnspicuowili/ thereby : But on the other Hand, it often ia 
noted that Persona are too apt to be touch'd at having any 
of their Faults exposed. However, if I have openly injur'd 
any, I am willing aa openly to vindicate them, or to give 
them all the Satisfaction that Reason requires without 
being sway'd with either their high Words or low Promises : 

' But let the stricken Deer g 
Uagall'd go pUy. 

weep, tlie Hart 

Sliakcspear' " 

In 1753, William Weyman lieoame the partner of Parker, 
and the principal manager of the paper. It was enlarged 
to u erown sheet, and bore tJiis title, The New York Gajzette ; 
or. The Weekly Poat-Boy. A cut of the colony arms di- 
nded the title. 

A stamp act was passed by the legislature of New York, 
December 1, 1756, which was continued until January, 
1760, hut during that period this paper was sometimes 
published with a stamp, and sometimes without; and it 
often appeared without an imprint. 

Parker & Weyman having published in the Post^Boy 
some " Observations on the Circumstances and Conduct of 
the People in the Counties of Ulster and Orange in the 
Province of New York," which gave offence to the assem- 
bly, they were taken into custody by the sergeant at arras ; 
Weyman on the 18th, and Parker on his return from 
Woodbridge to the city, on the 23d of March, 1756. They 
wer« discharged on the 30th of the same month, after ac- 
knowledging their fault, begging pardon of the house, giv- 
ing up the name of the writer, and paying fees. The 
writer was the Reverend Hezekiah AYatkins, missionary 
I from the society for propagating the gospel in foreign 

II] 14 

106 History op Printing in Amebica. 

parte. He lived at Newburg, in Orange county, and, by 
order of the liowse, at their next eeesion, he was taken into 
custody by the sergeant at arms, brought to New York, 
and voted " guilty of a high misdemeanor, and contempt 
of the authority of the house." In a petition presented to 
the bouee he asked pardon, and promised to be more cir- 
cumspect in future. He was, in consequence, brought to 
the bar, and there received a aevere reprimand from the ' 
speaker ; and, after paying the fees, was discharged.' 

This paper was ably cooducted. It often contained ori- 
ginal, well written essays, moral and political ; and the 
circulation of it was for many years very extensive. 

The partnership between Parker and M'eyman expired 
in February, 1759, at which time AVejTnan began another 
paper. Parker, having assigned his paper to his nephew 
Samuel Parker, resided principally in New Jersey after his 
connection with Weyman ceased. The nephew printed 
the PosUBoy until July, 1760, when his uncle returned to 
New York, and resumed the publication. The imprint, 
" Printed by James Parker and Co." John Holt was the 
partner ; but his name was not mentioned in the firm. 
This partnership ended in April, 17t)2, and Holt then 
printed the Poet-Boy, on his own account, till October, 
1766, when he relinquiahed it to Parker, who again re- 
sumed its publication on the 27th of November, 1766, and 
continued it, with some intermissions, on a demy sheet 
well printed, until near the time of his death in 1770. 
See Appendix I. ^ 

The Gazette and Post-Bo}-, like many other American 
newspapers publislied at that time, appeared in mourning 
on the Slat of October, 1765, on account of the stamp act; 
it was, however, carried on as usual, without any suspen- 
sion, and \vithout stamps. The Gazette dated November 

' Sec Journal of Uie Asaeiubl3- of New York for 175U. 


Newspapers. — New Tohk. 107 

, 1765, contained an anonyraoas letter, i^ecteii to the 
publisher Holt, which he informed the public, was thrown 
, into his printing house, and a copj of it set up at the cofiee- 
' house. The contents of the letter were ae follows, 

*' IMce et decorum eM pro Patria mori. 
" Mr. Holt, As you have hitherto prov'd yourself a Friend 
I to Liberty, by publishing such Compositions as had a 
Tendency to promote the Cause, we are encouraged to 
hope you will not be deterred from continuing your useful 
Paper, by groundless Fear of the detestable Stamp- Act. 
' However, should you at this critical Time, shut up the 
Press, and basely desert us, depend upon it, your House, 
Person andEft'ecte, will beiuimminentDanger: AVe shall 
therefore, expect your Paper on Thursday as usual ; if not, 

on Thursday Evening take care. Signed in the 

Xames and by Order of a gi-eat Number of the Free-born 
Sons of New- York, 

"John Hampden. 
" On the Turf, the 2d of November, 1765." 

To the title of tlie Gazette of November 7, 1765, was 
added in a large type this motto : " The United Voice 
of all Hia Majesty's free and loyal Subjects in America — 
LrBBSTY, Property, and no Stamps." 

On August 27, 1770, Samuel Inslee and Anthony Carr 
published this paper, and eontiuued it two years. The 
publication was then suspended for several months ; but in 
August, 1773, it was renewed by Samuel F, Parker and 
John Anderson. They printed the Post-Boy but a short 
tune, when it was discontinued ; having completed a period 
erf thirty years from its first appearance before the public. 

HiSTORT OF Printing in Ameeica. 

The New York Evening Post. 

This was the fourth newspaper established in that city, 
and it was printed by Henry De Forepst. It appeared be- 
fore the year 1746, and was continued until 1747. Thus 
fer I speak with certainty ; but how long before 1746, and 
how long after 1747, it was published, I have not been 
able to iiseertitin. It was printed weekly, on Monday. 

If we may judge of the editorial abilities, and the correct- 
ness of the printer, by the following extract from the 
Evening Post of October 13, 1746, we shall not be led to 
rank him with the editor of the present New York Even- 
ing Post,' who is one of the most able and celebrated con- 
ductors of a public journal in the United States. 

"Last Friday arrived here Capt. Griffin from Boston, 
who informs, that as soon as they heard of the French 
Fleet, the Bostoneers was in the greatest hurrey imagin- 
able to Fortifie the Place, which they have done in a very 
strong manner ; that there wat 30,000 fighting men, wereof 
was 700 Horse ; they are very well provided with all man- 
ner of war like stores, and ready if MoTisimtir should pay 
thera a Visit, to give him a very warm Reception.'" 

Fleet, who republished the above paragraph in the Boa- 
ton Evening Post of October 20, 1746, thus commented 
upon it. " Here's VcracUi/, Ortltor/rajih/ and Grammar, all 
in the Compass of a few Lines ; and Brother Type may 
well expect the Thanks of some Gentlemen, for the great 
Honour he baa done Ihem in hia inimitable Piece." 

After this paper was discontinued, there were only two 
published in that eity until 1759, viz : Parker's Gazette, 
and Gaine's Mercury. 

1 William Colcinun, bom 170«. ditd 18211. 

'A fleet from Breol wjw tlicu ou the coasl, JtslinoJ, as aup|K>scd, to 
alUlck Boston c)r New York. 

Newspapers. — New Yobk. 

The New Tork Mercury, 


Containing the freshest Advices Foreign and Doinestick. 

The Mercurj was first introduced to the public on the 
' 8d of August, 1752.' It was published weekly, on Mon- 
day, ou a crown ebeet, folio ; a cut of the king's arms was 
I early introduced into and divided the title ; this cut, in the 
' year 1763, was exchanged for a figure of Mercury; some 
1 years after, the arms of the province took the place of 
' Mercury, when the title was altered to The, JSod York 
GazeUc and the Weekly Mereuri/; and, in 1777, the king's 
arms again appeared in the title. The usual imprint 
tor many years was, " Printed by Hugh Gaine, Printer, 
Bookseller and Stationer, at the Bible and Crown, in Han- 

For a few years, the collection of intelligence in tliis paper 
was not inferior to that of any paper published in the city. 
Its circulation became extensive, and it gained many ad- 
vertising customers.' 

On the 12th of May, 1753, Glaiufl published in the Mer- 
cary a part of the proceedings of the assembly of New 
York, and the king's instructions to governor Osborne, I 
believe without permission, and not correctly ; for which 
he was called to the bar of the house on the Wednesday 

' If the nnmbeTS of Qaiac'a puper in 1T03 and 1TS4 are correct, the 
Hcrcuiy must have been first publiabed in October, 1T52 ; but the above 
date la from a record, and I believe is as it shouid be. 

'In Angtist, 1769, Gaine, in transmittmg lila statement of account with 
ffir William Johnson, for txiolu. and printing the Cmniaon Prayer Bo-ik 
in tlu! Huhawk Iunguag<i, writes that he has not included the amount for 
Ibe newHpaper, for the reason that he doca not remember how much 
h due, but he thinks it ia not lesa than d-n yenn ; showing that the 
neniot; of man was not eommensnrate witli the iength of credit given by 
the old printers! — M. 


HisTOKT OF Printing in America. 

following. On asking pardon, he was merely reprimanded 
by the speaker, and dismissed. 

In 1775, a series of well written essays, under the title 
of The "Watch Tower, were published in this paper. 

During the political contest with Great Britain, the Mer- 
cury appeared rather as a neutral paper. Gaiue seemed 
desirous to side with the sueeessiful party ; but not know- 
ing which would eventually prevail, he seems to have been 
unstable in his politics. After the war commenced, he 
leaned toward the country. When the British army ap- 
proached New York in 1776, Gaine removed to Newark, 
in New Jersey, and there, during a few weeks, published 
the Mercury. Soon after the British gained possession of 
the city of New York, he returned, and printed under the 
protection of the king's army ; and, like Rivington, devoted 
his paper to the royal cause. 

I During the war botli Gaine and Rivington were takea- 
notice of by a poet to whom the muses were auspicious. 
Several poetical essays, of which Gaine and Rivington were 
the heroes, appeared in the newspapers, and afl'orded no 
small degree of amusement to those who were acquainted 
with these noted tj'pographera ; particularly a versification 
of G^ine's petition to the republican government of the 
state, at the close of the war. See Appendix J. 

Gaine published the Mercury until peace was eatAblished,! 
and it was then discontinued, after an existence of aboQtl 
thirty-one years. 

' Philip Fmncaii, bom in New York, IT53; died at MonmouUi, N. J,, 
1883. He was at (liSlTent times editor of pB]icr8 iu Now Vork, Pbils- 
dolphitt and New Jersey. 



Newspapers. — New York. 

The New York Gazette. 

Containing the freshest Advices, Foreign and Domestick, 

This paper made its firet appearance Febmary 17, 1759. 
s printed on a crown aheet, folio, every Monday, with 
3ie king's arms in the title ; and the typography was not in- 
* fferior to that of the otlier newspapers published in the city. 
Wcyman, who bad been many years the partner of 
Parker, and manager of the Gazette and Post-Boy, was 
encouraged and handsomely sopported by subscribers ; and 
for some time he had a share of advertising customers. 
After publishing this paper several years, his subscribers 
dropped off, his advertising customers decreased, and the 
pablication of the Gazette was several times suspended. 

Weyman, who was printer to the colony, in November, 
4766, published in his Gazette, the address of the house of 
presentatives to his excellency the governor, in answer 
> his speech at the opening of the session of the general 
sembly; in doing which, he neglected, contrary to the 
ilea of his profession, to read by copy, and to revise bis 
proof aheet; In consequence of this neglect two gross 
rrors escaped from his press. One waa, tlie insertion of 
B word never instead of ever ; the other was the omission 
pf the word va. The sentence in which the word was 
litted, should have read thus — " Your excellency has 
done us no more than strict justice in supposing that we 
will cheerfully cooperate with you." Two days after the 
publication of this address in the Gazette, the printer was 
ordered to attend the house, and he attended accordingly. 
Being asked by the speaker, " Whether he printed Tht 
' JorA: G(«e/ye," which WU.8 shown to him ; and answer- 
in the affirmative, he was asked, " Why he had in bis 

112 History of Printing in America. 

said Gfazette, reprinted the address to hia excellency Sir 
Henry Moore, in a manner injurioua to the honnr and 
dignity of the house ?'' He replied, that " he was very 
innocent of the alteration made in the eaid address, till a 
number of the Gazettes had been distributed ; that upon 
discovering the mistakes he immediately corrected the 
press, and endeavored to get back all the erroneous copies ; 
that he had charged one of his journeymen with making 
the alterations, but could not prove the fact upon him ; and 
that as the same had not been printed with any design by 
him, he hoped the house would pardon his inadvertency." 
Weyman was directed to withdraw ; and, the house pro- 
ceeded to the consideration of the excuse he bad offered ; 
after which he was ordered to attend the house, with his 
journeyman, WilliamFinn, the next morning at ten o'clock. 
Weyman and hia journeyman attended according to order, 
and being placed at the bar of the house, Weyman was 
further examined ; the house then resolved, that the errors 
made in reprinting the addreaa, " appeared to be done 
through the carelessness and inadvertency of the said 
Weyman, without any design in him of reflecting on the 
house." Weyman thereupon made an acknowledgment 
of hia fault, asked pardon of the house, and promising to 
behave more circumspectly for the future, was discharged 
from iurther attendance,"' 

Weyman made several severe attacks on Parker, his late 
partner, who was comptroller of the post office, and indi- 

' Extract from Uie Jouroals of the general assembly of New York, 1766. 

Weyniun. iu his next Nvw York Gazelle, ai>olo^dzed U> tlie public for 
theerron lie had comniitleil wlien "re|irintiiig" the address ; anil in liis 
4p0l0£7 inserted tiii' Btory of the blunder made in an edition of The Book 
of Common Prayer, as follows. 

"A prinWr in England, who printed The Booic of Common Prayer, 
nnluckily omitied the letter e \d the word diangrd in the following sen- 
tence^ "We shall all be cttANO&o in tlie twiulcling of au eye." A 
clergymaD, not so alt«nUve to Uis duty as be should have becu, read it to 
Ills eonKrcjcation aa it was printed, thaa — "WeshBll all be a. 

Newspapers. — New York. 



rectljf accused him of giviug ordere to postriders not to 
circulate Tlx New York Gro^ette; but it does uot appear 
that tlie comptroller of the poet office did anything more, at 
that time, than to require the publiahera of newapapei's 
to furnish saddlebags for poatriders, in which newspapers 
might he carried scptirate from the mail, the contents of 
which, it was said, often received injury from the damp- 
ness of newspapei-a. By several of Weyman's remarks, it 
is evident he was not ou good terms with Parker after they 
separated ; and \Ve\Tuan, in some of his addresses to the 
public, mentioned that he had " to struggle hard against 
many inconveniences, joined to his incumbrance occasioned 
by the short ciri-uloHon of cash, and the arrearages of his cus- 
tomers." We <lo not often exhibit liberality toward those 
of the eame profession with ourselves, who, as we imagine, 
enjoy a degree of prosperity superior to that which falls to 

Ininkling of an eye." " Hence," said WeTman, " must appear what 
a mosl significant atltiratioa i^ niatle in ttie neaac wlieo onlj a single 1eU^>r 
is ^tber added or omitted in a word in iirintiog or reading ; and evinces 
the great neceafflty of the ulmobt care being taken In both." 

Sentencee of aiilhors have often been rantlered iutlicroua Ly tlie errors 
of the press. Even the Bible has not escaped. In nn edition of Brack- 
tnridgc's Imw MuttRaniu, " the i/ounger pracUoner of the bar," was ren- 
dved " ih*< goutiy etir pracljoner." 

In Scotland, that limd proverbial for iU correct Biblical typograpby, 
in Uie pocket Bible, printed thereabout 1760, this sentence in Jude," Suf- 
fering the vungeancc of etemiil fire" was rendered, " Sulfcring the ven- 
geance of elenml Ufe." In a, quarto Bible printed in Scotland, thousands 
of copies of which were sold in America, in the prohibition for marriagea 
was the following, "A man may not marry bin wife's niotber's brother." 
In a Bible printed in England, the negative not wua omitted in the 
KTCnth commandment. Numerous errors of the like kind with these 
have been discovered in various editions of the Bible. In an 8vu edition 
printed for me, in 1802, in the tbird of Job, instead of " lightng Cometh 
before I eat," il was printed " fishing before I eat." lu the small Bible 
printed by Aitkin in Philadelphia, during the revolutionary war; in 2d 
Kings, 7, 12, " 1 will TwuJflbuw you what the Syrians," elc„ it was printed 
■ I will not shew," elc. 

[In O'Callaghan's LM <^ BdHion* of tkt Uoly BeHptura, a table Is given 
of the nrors and variations in noted editions oF Catholic Billies, and also 
in a largo number of American Bibles. — M.\ 

11] 15 

114 History of Pbintikg in Amebica. 

our lot, or consider whether the cause of our inferiority 
may not be negligence or miefortune. Parker, by a \ong 
course of business, and good management of his aflairaj^ 
possessed a very handsome property. Weyman, fi'om vari- 
ous causes, was not so fortunate, and therefore, probably, 
did not feel that cordially toward his former partner, he 
otherwise might. However this may have been, Weyman 
actually brought the following charge against one of the 
pOBtmasters general, and the comptroller of the post-office, 
both of whom were publishers of newspapers, viz : of 
" endeavoring to atop the circulation, by post, of anyncwfr 
papers but their own, under a base conclusion, that every. 
government ought lo lake its own newspapers." 

Weyman 's valedictory gives us an idea of his circum- 
Btances, his feelings, and his editorial abilities. It is as 

" The Subscriber Jiaving lately given a Hint of hie Inten- 
tion to Stop this Gazette, from a base we may say mUmnoua 
Attempt to suppress the Distribution of News-Papers, from 
one Government to another, made by a P. Master General 
10 or 12 years ago, and lately put into Execution by one of 
his Servants, (who with bis Colleague first Schem'd the 
Matter). This egregious Attack on the Usefuhiess of the 
Press (which seems to be prosecuted) joined with tlie 
Printer's private Affairs, obliges him to inform the Pub- 
lick of a total slop this Day. All other "Work will still be 
performed with that Dispatch and Care the Nature of the 
Business will admit of. — He gives Thanks from his Heart 
and not from bis Tongue to all his good Encouragers, at 
times, hitherto. — A singular Paper may appear at Times, 
with the best Intelligences, to be sold cheap without Sub- 
Bcription, English Method, Advertisements whose Times 
are not expired, tlieir Money shall be returned, if de- 
manded, after a proper Allowance. From such an unpa- 
ralleled Opprcsijion, as mentioned at first, and my innate 


Newspapers. — New York. 




I Concerns, I am obliged to subscribe myaelf, The Publick's 
f Most Thankfal and Most Obedient Humble Servant, 

W. Weymcm," 

This Gazette terminated December 28, 1767, after it bad 
been published about nine years. The publisher died in 
July following. 

Xolt. — Wcyman began in 17«4 to |iriut the Book of Oomnuin, Prayer, 
by order of Sir Wiu. Johnson. The work, met with so nmny Uinilrancps, 
that in 1768, when Weyman died, oniy 74 pages bad l)een completed, 
junt of tlie origin and progress of lliis work is given by Dr. 
O'Callaghan in vol. vm, pp. 81.5-17, Doc. Colonial Ilittory of New Tifrk. 
The printing of llic work woa finished by Hugh Gaine.— Jf 

Waa published, if I recollect aright, rather short of two 
years. I cannot be certain that I am altogether correotas 
to the title. I once owned a file of thia paper, but lost it 
many years since. It was handsomely printed, on a crown 
flheet, folio. The title was in German text. Well engraved 
on a block. Samuel Farley, the printer and publisher of 
it, was on Englishman.' Before the Chronicle had fully 
gained an establishment, the house in which it waa printed 
took fire and was consumed. The paper was first printed 
in 1761, and was discontinued, in conseriuence of the fire, 
in 1762. 

The New York Pecquet . 

A paper with this title was published in New York in 

Fliie year 1753. How long before this period the paper waa 

n circulation, or how long after, I am unable to say, I ean- 

I not discover any one who is able to give me information 

I respecting it It was published but a short time. 

■ Set- vol I, p. 305. 

History of Printing in America. 

The New York "Journal, or General Advertifer. 

Containing the frcflicft Advices, Foreign and Domeitick, 

Holt, the editor of thia Journal, began the publication 
of it May 29, 1766, with new typos, &e., but issued only 
" Numb. 1," when it was Buspended, and he resumed print- 
ing Parker's New York Gazette, which he had rclinquiBhed 
tho preceding week.' He continued to publish the Gazetta 
till the 9th of October following, when he again resigned 
the Gazette to tlie proprietor, and on the 16th of that 
month recommenced publishing the Journal, which he did 
not again lay aside ; he, however, began this second pub- 
lication of the Journal with " Numb. 1241," following that 
of Parker's Gazette. Of course Parker's Gazette and 
Holt's Journal had the same number weekly at the head 
of their respective papers, and botli were published on 
Thursday. The imprint to the Journal was, " New York : 
Printed and Published by John Holt, near the Exchange, 
(For six years last past, publisher of the New York Thurs- 
day's Gazette and Weekly Post-Boy.") At first the title 
was without a cut, hut in a short time it appeared with the 
king's arms ; which, until 1775, decorated the titles of many 
of the newspapers on the continent of North America, as 
well as those of the West India islands. 

In 1774, Holt discarded the cut of the king's arms from 
the title of the Journal, and in its place introduced that of 
\ snake divided into parte, with the motto " Unite or die." 
\ Id January, 1776, the snake was united, and coiled with the 
tail in its mouth, forming a double ring; within the coil 
was a pillar standing on Magna Charta, and surmounted 
with the cap of liberty ; the pillar on each side was Bup- 

' See New York Guzollu ; uail Wefkly Posl-Boy. 

Newspapees. — New Yobk. 117 

I ported by six arms and hands, figurative of the colonies.' 
I On the body of the snake, beginning at the head, were the 
I following lines, 

" Uoited now, alive and free, 
Firm oD this basis Liberty shall stand, 
And, thus supported, ever bless our land 
Till Time becomes Eternity." 

Holt had publiahed Parker's Gazette, first in company 
' with Parker, and afterwards on his own account, from 
1760 to 1766. As I have before observed, he began the 
second publication of the Journal with No. 1241, following 
in order the number of the Gazette which be publiehed the 
preceding week. For this he assigned as a reason, that he 
should be able the more readily to settle with liis customers. 
He seemed to consider the subscribers to Parker's Gazette 
as his customers, and the Joamal as a continuation of the 
Gazett*, which he had lately published. He mentioned 
his '* having occasion to alter the title of his paper," mean- 
ing Parker's Gazette; "and, that be bad altered it, first 
for the sake of distinction, as he was informed Parker in- 
tended publishing a paper under the former title ; and, 
secondly, because, aa Parker formerly published a paper 
under that title, he. Holt, would not avail himself of any 

'On this oi^caeioQ Ibe fullowing lines appeared in Rirington's Gazette. 
One iif the alluaions will be better understood by reference to Ibe original 
ml ; it cannot be explBine<l bere (see Sargent't tjtyaiut Fvetry, 147).— M. 

Tts trne Jahnnji Boll yon h»ve c»D!ed mtoms piln, 
Bj ctiEDfiog four Sead-pU^ ilfAlii nnd ■ff'ln : 
BbI then to jour [ihIh II nu; Jnellj be niiil. 
Ton bsTS gtT'D DB B nauble TaU-piax ioatcwl. 
"n* Inie. tbal tlw Anns ol ■ good BriUnh King 
HanbciD IbrcedloglTa waj loa Sjiikc — wttba Siliig ; 

WhlGh (Dine vODld Interpret tn tho' It Impllnl 
ThMt the King br tbe wonnd of Ihit Serpi^nt bid dl«l. 
Sat now man their Malice all sink into Sbaie, 
Bribe hlppT device which foD latelyriltplajiid: 
AbA Torle* thi>ui«lvM be cnuvinced jiiu »ro »l»ndered 
Who WTjDa've erected Ibe KIght RoyilStududl 


History of Phinting in America. 

advantages from a name originally assumed bj Parker," 
The fact waa, Parker ever had been the proprietor of the 
Gazette and Post-Boy, and had taken Holt as a partner; 
and, two years after, when the copartnership ended, leased 
to him his paper and establishment. Holt eouid not com- 
mand any property when he became the partner of Parker, 
who had been many years in business, and had acquired 
much celebrity as a printer, of which Holt as his partner ' 
was a partaker, and derived much benefit from it ; but after 
his partnership and the subsequent lease of Parker's estab- 
lishment had expired, and he began business for himself, 
he appeared disposed to retain both Parker's Gazette, and 
the purchasers of it, without due compensation. 

Holt procured a new printing-apparatus at the time he 
began the Journal. This paper soon had a very extensive 
circulation ; it was sent to all who had been customers to 
the Gazette ; and was generally received. 

The Journal waa a zealous advocate for the American 
cause; it waa supported by many able writers besides 
the editor ; and it maintained its ground until the British 
army took possession of the city of New York, in 1776, 
when the publisher of it removed to Kingston (Esopua), 
and the Journal was discontinued several months ; but waa 
revived at that place in July, 1777. Esopus was burned 
by the British in October of that year, and Holt removed 
to Poughkeepsie, where hepubiiehed tbejournal until the 
termination of the war, 

In the Autumn of 1783, it waa again printed in the 
city of New York, with an alteration in the title, as fol- 
lows ; Tht Imiepeiuleni Gazelle ; or The New York Journal 
Bevived. In January, 1784, it was printed, from a new 
and handsome burgeois type, " at No. 47, opposite the 
Upper Corner of tbe Old-Slip, Hanover-Square ;" and waa 
published twice a week, on Thursdays and Saturdays ; bat 
before the close of that month the editor, Holt, died. 

Newspafehs. — New Yohk. 119 

Elizabeth Holt continued the Journal, after her husband's 
decease, until 1785, but it appeared only on Thursdays.' 

In January, 1787, Elizabeth Holtand Oswald * sold their 
right in the Journal, and their establishment, comprieing 
the whole of their printing materials, to Thomas Greenleaf. 
Greenleaf, soon after be came into possession of the Jour- 
nal, printed it daily, or rather, he made the establishment 
the foundation of two papers. One he published with the 
same title, weekly, on Thursday, for tlie country ; the other, 
intended tor circulation in the city, bore the title of The 
Nea York Journal, arid Daily Patriotic Seffisltr. The titles 
of these papers were afterwards altered. That printed daily 
was called The Argus, or Gi'cenleaf's New Daily Advertiser ; 
and the weekly paper was published twice a week, and en- 
titled Greadeaf's New York Journal and Patriotic Begister, 

When the two great political parties were forming, sub- 
sequent to the organization of the federal government, that 
which opposed the administration, attacked the measures 
of the venerable Washington with a great degree of viru- 
lence, in GreenleaPs paper. 

Greenleaf was born at Abington, in Massachusetts, and 
, was taught printing in Boston, by Isaiah Thomas. He was 
the son of Joseph Greenleaf, who, at an advanced age, in 
1774, engaged in the printing business at Boston. 

He continued the papers above mentioned until 1798 ; 
at which time the yellow fever raged in New York, and 
great numbers left the city to escape that pestilence ; but 
Greenleaf remwned at his post, took the disease, and fell a 

' For a few moiiilis, b 1781, it was published by Eleaair Oswald for 
Eli3»betli Hull ; apd atUirwarda, to January, 1787, il was printed in the 
name of Eleu/Ar Otiwald. 

' Oswald was the kinsman of Mrs. Holt. He had been a colonel In the 
American army. In 1783, he cunimented the publication of the lade- 
pendcol Gazetteer, in Philadelphia. Thin papurwaa continued during his 
conoeclion with Ihe New York Journal, and for aeveral years after. He 
died in September, 1705. 


HisTOEY or Printing in America. 

victim to it at the age of forty-two yeara. He was well 
acquainted with his business, enterprising, and amiable in 
his manners. After his decease, his widow, Ann Green- 
leaf, published both the scmi-weeldy and daily paper for 
a time; but eventually sold her establishment to James 
Cheetham, who altered the title of both papers. The one 
published semi-weeldy was now called, The Ameriiyan Watch- 
Tower, and the daily paper bore the title of Tht American 
CiUzai. Cheetham was born and brought up in England. 
He was not bred to printing, but he was a very able editor, 
and a distinguished writer. Occasionally the vigor and 
pungency of his style remind his readers of the productiona 
of the renowned Junius.' 

The New Tork Chronicle. 

I have not been able to ascertain, accurately, when this 
paper first made ita appearance, or when it was discon- 
tinued; but it was published by Alexander and James 
Robertson, and commenced either in 1768 or 1769. 

INot long after the close of the year 1770, the printers of 
the Chronicle removed to Albany, and the publication of 
it ceased. 


Rivingtons New- Tork Gazetteer ; or The Connec- 
ticut, New-Jersey, Hudson's River, and ^ebec 
Weekly Advertiser. 

This Gazette commenced its career April 22, 1773, on a , 
large medium sheet, folio. It was printed weekly, on Thurs- 
day ; and when it ha<l been eatablished one year, this im- 

I He died IBIh September, 1810, aged 37, aud tliu CiUzeii iv 
in November followiug, — U. 

Newspapers. — New York. 121 

print followed the title, " Trinted at liia E v e u op e n aud 
uninflueiiced press, fronting Hanover-Sijnare." A large 
cnt of a ship under sail waa at first introduced into the title, 
nnder which were the words NeiP York Packet. This 
cat soon gave place to one of a smaller size. In Novem- 
ber, 1774, the ship was removed and the king's arms took 
the place of it. In Angust, 1775. the words " Ever open 
anduninflaejyed" were omitted in the imprint. 

The Gazetteer was patronized in all the principal towns 
"by the advocates of the British administration who approved 
the measures adopted toward the colonies ; and it undoubt- 
edly had some support from " his Majesty's govornment." 
The paper obtained an extensive circulation, l)ut eventually 
paid very little respect to " the majetity of the people :" 
and, in consequence, the paper and ita publisher soon be- 
came obnoxious to the whigs, 

Rivington continued the Gazetteer until November 27, 
1775 ; on which day a number of armed men from Conuec- 
ticat entered the city, on horseback, and beset his habita- 
tioD, broke into his printing house, destroyed his press, 
threw bis types into heaps, and carried away a large quantity 
of them, which they meltttd and formed into buUete. A 
stop was thus pat to the Gazetteer.' 

Soon after this event, Rivington went to England, where 
he supplied himself with a new printing apparatus, and was 
appointed king's printer for New York. After the British 
gained possession of the city, he returned ; and, on October 
4, 1777, recommenced the publication of his Gazette under 
the original title ; hut in two weeks he exchanged that title 
for the following, Rivtn^ton's New York Loyal Gazelle ; and 
on the 13th of December following, he called hia paper The 
Royal Gazelle. Imprint, " Published by James Rivington, 
Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty." The 

' Fur Bn ii(-<-()nnt cif lliis alliiir, nei: NeiB York JIM. OiUrrluiM. p, ;M)1.— M. 



History of Printing in America. 

Eoyai Gazette was numbered as a continuation of the Ga- 
zetteer, and Loyal Gazette, and waspubliabed on Wednes- 
days and Saturdays ; printed on a abeet of roj/al size, with 
the roi/al arms in tbe title. 

Eivington eould not eonaistently have given tbe Koyal 
Gazette the motto selected by our brethren, tbe printers of 
the (Boston) Independent Chronicle — " Tnilk Us Guide, 
and Liberty Us Object." This Gazette was, by some, called 
Tbe Brussels Gazelle^ of America; but it commonly 
went by the name of Rivington'a lying Gazette. Even 
the royalists censured Ri\-ington for his disregard to truth. 
During the war, a captain of militia at Horseneck, witb 
about thirty men, marched to Kingsbridge, and there 
attacked a house within the British lines, which was garri- 
soned by refugees, and took most of them priaoners, Riv- 
ington published an account of this transaction which greatly 
exaggerated the affair in favor of the refugees ; he observed 
that a large detachment of rebels attacked the house, which 
was bravely defended by a refugee colonel, a major, a 
quartermaster, and fifteen pHvatea; and that after they 
were taken and carried oft', another party of refugee drar 
goona, seventy-three in number, pursued the rebels, killed 
twenty-three of them, took/or/;^ prisoners, and would have 
taken the whole rebel force, had not tbe refugee horse " been 
Jaded to a stand stilt." Several times did Riviugton apolo- 
gize for mistakes made in paragraphs whieh he himself had 
manufactured for his Gazette. 

The following appeared in the Royal Gazette of July 10, 
1782, when there was a prospect of peace, 

" To the Public. — Tbe pubhsher of this paper, sensible 
that bis zeal for the succeaa of his Majesty's arms, his saiir 
guine wishes for thegoodofhia country, and his friendship 
for individuals, have at times led him to credit and circu- 

Newspapers. — New York. 



late paragraphs without investigating the facts 80 ctosely 
as his dnty to the Public demanded ; trusting to their feel- 
ings, and depending on their generosity, he begs them to 
look over past errors, and depend on future correctnesB. 
From henceforth he will neither expect nor solicit their 
&vor8 longer than his endeavors shall stamp the same de- 
gree of authenticity and credit on the Euyal Gazette (of 
New Tork) as all Europe allow to the Royal Gazette of 
London." Sec Apjiendix K. 

Daring the war, a newspaper was published daily in the 
city of New York under the following arrangement : lUv- 
ingtoa'sRoyal Gazette on Wednesday and Saturday, Gaine's 
Gazette or Mercury on Monday, Robertson's, Mills & Hick's 
Royal American Gazette, on Thursday — and Lewis's New 
York Mercury and General Advertiser on Friday, These 
papers were all published under the sanction of the British 
commander in chief; but none of the printers assumed the 
title of " Printers to the King " except Rivingtou, who had 
an appointment. 

When the war ended, Rivington discarded from his paper 
the appendages of royalty. The arms of Great Britain no 
longer appeared. It waa no more The Royal, or a Loyal 
Gazette, but a plain republican newspaper, entitled Rieinff- 
ion's New York G'uelle and Vnkcrsal Adecrtiser. It was, 
however, considered as a wolf in sheep's clothing, and, not 
mectiug with support, the publication of it terminated, and 
the editorial labors of Rivington ended, in the year 1783. 
Few men, perhaps, were better qualified than the editor of 
the Royal Gazette to publish a newspaper. 

It has been remarked (page 309, vol. l), that for some 
time Rivington conducted his paper with as much imjiar- 
tiality as most of the editors of tliiit period ; and it may be 
added, that no newspaper in the colonies waa better printed, 
or waa more copiously furnished with foreign intelligence. 
In October, 1773, Rivington informed his readers that each 


124 History op Printing in America. 

impression of his weekly Gazetteer, amounted to 3,600 

The Constitutional Gazette^ 

Was first issued from the press of John Anderson, in 
August, 1775 ; the publication of which was on Mondays 
and Thursdays, and continued but a few months. It was 
printed on a half sheet, quarto, of crown paper. It seems 
to have borrowed its title from a political paper published 
in New Jersey ten years before ; but it resembled that paper 
in the name only. 

The New Tork Packet^ and the American Advertiser. 

The publication of this paper commenced the first week 
in January, 1776. It was printed Thursdays, on a sheet 
of royal folio, with a new long primer type. Imprint: 
" Printed by Samuel Loudon, in Water-Street, between the 
CofFee-IIouse and the Old Slip." 

I take notice of this paper, although it originated after 
the war began, because it was the last established in the city 
before the declaration of independence. Loudon died at 
Middletown Point, New Jersey, February 24, 1813, in the 
ninetieth year of his age. 

Duriug the war it was published at Fishkill; after the 
return of peace it was again printed in the city ; it was 
finally changed to a daily paper, and continued several 

Newspapers. — New York. 125 



The Independent Refiector. 

This was a neatly printed paper, published weekly on 
Thursday, on a sheet of foolscap writing, folio, by James 
Parker. It contained moral and political essays, but no 
news. It first appeared on November 30, 1752, and the 
publication of it was supported two years. The pieces in 
it were written by a society of literary gentlemen, in and 
near New York ; several of whom were afterwards highly 
distinguished in public life. The late Governor Livingston, 
the Rev. Aaron Burr, president of New Jersey College, 
John Morin Scott, Gen. William Alexander, known after- 
wards as Lord Stirling, and William Smith, who died chief 
justice of Canada, were reputed to be writers for the 

This work, it has been said, ultimately gave much of- 
fence to men in power, by whom the writers for it were 
silenced. Parker appeared to be intimidated, and declined 
being further concerned in the publication. ** The authors 
applied to him to publish, by way of supplement, a vindi- 
cation of the work, with an account of its origin and de- 
sign, and the cause of its being discontinued. lie refused, 
and some suspected that he was f/n/zrM o//* by those in office, 
instead of being alarmed into a relinquishment of the work. 
After Parker declined, De Foreest was applied to, who con- 
sented to print the supplement ; and in an advertisement 
said, or was made to say, that ' the writers of the Reflector, 
on this occasion, were obliged to employ the worst printer 

126 History of Printing in Abcerica. 

in the city. * " These were not, I believe, the identical words 
used on the occasion, but it is the import of them. 

"John Englishman^ in Defence of the English Con- 
stitution : 

Printed on a half sheet, foolscap, and published weekly, 
on Friday, by Parker and Weyman. It was continued 
about three months. 


A newspaper was first published in this city in 1772.* 
Alexander and James Robertson were its publishers. 

* This paper was begun in 1771 ; hence Albany was the second city in 
the State of New York, into which printing was introduced. It is in- 
ferred that these printers were not establislied here till late in the season, 
from the fact that the city charter was printed this year in New York by 
Ilugh Gaine. The only work that I have seen of their printing is tliecity 
ordinances of 1773, which is better executed than the charter by Gaine. 
A book store was kept before the revolution by Stuart Wilson, in a Dutch 
house on the upper comer of North Pearl and State streets. 

The next paper here was the New York Gtizetteer and Northern JrUeUi- 
gencer, which was first published in May, 1782, by Balentine & Webster. 
It was printed on a sheet of short deniy, with pica and long primer ty i>e8, 
at 13*. ($1.02)^) a year. Advertisements of subscribers were to be in- 
serted three weeks gratis. Balentine was addicted to intemperance, and 
Webster separated from him at the end of a year. The former then en- 
larged the size of his paper, but abandoned it after one year, when Web- 
ster returned from New York, and began the publication of the Albany 
Oazette^ which was continued until 1845. The only works printed by Ba- 
lentine & Webster, that have come to light, are a pamphlet, by the Rev. 
Thomas Clarke, of Cambridge, Washington county, entitled Plain Recuons^ 
being a dissuasive from the use of Watta's version of the Psalms, in wor- 
ship, and an Almanac for 1783. The only work known of Balantine's 
press, is an Almanac of 1784 Mr. Webster began an Almanac in 1784, 
for the year following, entitled Webster's Calcmliry or C/te Albany Aliaanae^ 
rhich is still published, and is the oldc^st almanac extant in the United 
Itates. — M. 

iJiffSPAPEBS. — New Yohe.. 

The AU>aty Post-hoy? 

The pnblication.of it ended in 1775. The Bobertaons, 
as has been observed Tinder the head Connecticut, &c., wrae, 
in 177S, concerned in printing Tht Nanoiek Paek^; and it 
ia not improbable that, at the same time, one of them re- 
dded in Albany and conducted the PoBt-Boj. In 1776, 
diey joined the royaliBts in the city of New York. 

' The coideB of ttiis piper are entitled 7^ .Mann Oautt§ ufuuthay 
can be fotmd. The pablicatloa aeema to have Jjegan In Norember, 1771. 
Tbe eariieat copj that hat been discovered after a tearch of many Tean, 
b No. 8, dated Jan. 20, ITTS, and there are a tew oo^ea of about that date 
pnaerred In the cotlectloii of the Albany Inatitat& In (meof theeethe 
pobUaher, " from motirea of gratitude and datj," apologized to the pnb- 
Uc fw the omiflrim of one ireek'a publication, and hoped that the bnga- 
bri^trftbe mail from New ToA,rince the first great&ll of Bunr.aad 
the aevereoold preceding ChrlBtmas, which frote, the papa prepoiedtar 
pnaa, so as to pot a stopto ita opeTatl<Mi, would saffldentlj account (bt 
IL Alexander Robettaon died at Port Boeeway, Nora Scotia, Nor. 178^ 
aged 4i. James retained to Edfaibnigh, and waa hi buaineBa there hi 1810, 
sod altbongbl have endeavored to tnce him ^ce, all effort haa failed.— Jf . 

128 HisTOEY OP Pbintikg in America. 



Newspapers were not published in this colony be'forc the 
declaration of independence. 

The New Jersey Gazette, 

"Was published at Burlington, December 3, 1777. It was 
printed weekly, on Wednesday, unth a good, long primer 
type, and on a sheetofcrown paper, folio. Imprint, "Bur- 
lington : Printed by Isaac Collins, All Persons may be 
supplied with tliis Gazette for Twenty-Six Shillings per 
Annum. Advertisements of a moderate Length are in- 
serted for Seven Shillings and Six Pence the first Week, 
and Two Shillings and Six Pence for every continuance; 
and long Ones in proportion." This paper was neatly 
printed, and well conducted. Its publisher, although of 
the society of Friends, was a firm supporter of the rights of 
his coantry ; and he carefully avoided publisliing any thing 
which tended to injure the religious, civil, or political 
interests of his fellow citizens. It was discontinued in 


NxwdPAFEBS. — New Jebset. 129 



New Atnerican Magazine. 

This work was begun at Woodbridge by James Parker, 
in January, 1758, and was continued monthly more than 
two years. Each number contained forty pages, octavo. 
Although this was a valuable literary work, and but one of 
the kind was then published in the colonies,* there was not 
a sufficient number of copies sold to defray the expense of 
printing, &c. It was, therefore, discontinued, after being 
published twenty-seven months. Ten years after, a large 
number of the copies were sold by the printer for waste 

The editor was the honorable Samuel Nevil, under the 
signature of Sylvanus Americanus. Judge Nevil was from 
England, and had been editor of The London JSvening Post. 
He had received a liberal education, his knowledge was 
extensive, and his writings commanded considerable atten- 
tion. He was a judge of the supreme court of New Jersey, 
speaker of the house of assembly, and mayor of the city 
of Amboy. He died at Perth Amboy, in November, 1764, 
aged sixty-seven years. 

1 The American Magazine or Monthly Chronicle^ printed at Philadelphia ; 
but which was discontinued soon after the appearance of this from the 
press at Woodbridge. 

II] 17 


HisTOEY OF Printing in Amehica. 

The Constitutional Courant. 

After the American stamp act waj^ passed by the British 
parliament, and near the time it was to he put in opera- 
tion, a political paper was privately printed in Woodbridge, 
which attracted mucli notice. It was entitled " The Consli- 
tutional Courant, containing Matters interestiug to Liberty — 
but DO wise repugnant to Loyalty." Imprint, "Printed 
by Andrew Marvel, at the Sign of the Bribe refused, on 
Constitution- nil I, North America." In the centre of the 
title was a device of a snake, cut into parts, to represent 
tJie colonies. Motto — "Join or die." After the title, 
followed an address to the public from the fictitious printer 
and publisher, Andrew Mai-vel. This paper was without 
dat«, but was printed in September, 1765. It contained 
several well written and spirited essays against the obnox- 
ious stamp act, which were so highly colored, that the edi- 
tors of newspapers in New York, even Holt, declined to 
publish them. See AppauUx L. 

A large edition was printed, secretly forwarded to New 
York, and there sold by hawkers selected for the purpose. 
It had a rapid sale, and was, I believe, reprinted there, and 
at Boston. It excited some commotion in New York, and 
was taken notice of by government. A council was called, 
and holden at the fort in that city, but as no discovery was 
made of the author or printer, nothing was done. One 
of the council demanded of a hawker named Lawrence 
Sweeney, "where that incendiary paper was printed?" 
Sweeney, as he had been instructed, answered, " At Peter 
Haaaenclever's iron-worka, please your honor." Peter 
Haasenclevcr was a wealthy German, well known as the 
owner of extensive iron works in New Jersey. Afterwards, 

Newspapers. — New Jersey. 131 

other publications of a like kind frequently appeared with 
an imprint, " Printed at Peter Hassenclever's iron-works." 

Only one number of the Constitutional Courant* was pub- 
lished ; a continuance of it was never intended. It was 
printed by William Goddard, at Parker's printing house in 
Woodbridge, Goddard having previously obtained Parker's 
permission occasionally to use his press. 

This political paper was handsomely commended in some 
of the periodical works published in England, after the re- 
peal of the stamp act. 

' See Buckingham's Beminucences^ i, S4C. There is a copy of this paper 
in the University library, at Cambridge. — M, 

132 History of Printing in America. 


Before the year 1719, only one newspaper was printed 
in the British ](f grth American colonies. It was published 
at Boston ; and, on the 21st of December, in that year, the 
second American journal appeared at the same place.^ On 
the following day the third paper was brought forward in 
the capital of this province. 


In 1760, there were only three newspapers published in 
that city, viz : two in English, and one in the German lan- 
guage. In 1762, two English and two German papers ex- 
isted ; one of the latter was afterwards discontinued ; and 
from that time until the year 1778, only three papers, two 
English and one German, were printed in Philadelphia. 

The first newspaper in Pennsylvania was entitled. 

No. I. 


TUESDAY, December, aa, 17 19. 

It was printed on a half sheet of pot. Imprint, " Phila- 
delphia: Printed by Andrew Bradford^ and Sold by him 
and John Copson.'' May 26, 1721,^ Copson's name was 

" The Boston Gazette* 

* Co|)son at that time opened the first insurance office in Philadelphia. 

Newspapers. — Pennsylvania. 133 

omitted in the imprint, which was altered thus — " Phila- 
delphia : Printed and Sold by Andrew Bradford^ at the 
B I B L E in Second Street ; and also by William Bradford in 
New Yorkj where Advertisements are taken in.'* William 
Bradford's name as a vender of the Mercury in ITew York, 
was omitted in December, 1725. In January, 1780, an 
addition was made to the imprint, viz. "Price 105. per 
Annum. All sorts of Printing Work done cheap, and old 
Books neatly bound." In 1738, it was printed in " Front 
Street,'* to which he transferred his sign of the Bible. 

The Mercury occasionally appeared on a whole sheet of 
pot, from types of various sizes, as small pica, pica and 
english. It was published weekly, generally on Tuesday, 
but the day of publication was varied. In January, 174 J, 
the day of the week is omitted ; and it is dated from Janu- 
ary 18 to January 27; after that time it was conducted 
with more stability. 

In No. 22, two cuts, coarsely engraven, were introduced, 
one on the right, and the other on the left of the title ; the 
one on the left, was a small figure of Mercury, bearing his 
caduceus ; he is represented walking, with extended wings ; 
the other is a postman riding full speed. The cuts were 
sometimes shifted, and Mercury and the postman ex- 
changed places. 

The Mercury of December 13, 1739, was " Printed by 
Andrew and William Bradford," and on September 11, 
1740, it had a new head, with three figures, well executed; 
on the left was Mercury; in the centre a town, intended, I 
suppose, to represent Philadelphia ; and, on the right, the 
postman on horseback; the whole formed a parrallelo- 
gram, and extended across the page from margin to mar- 
gin. This partnership continued only eleven months, when 
the Mercury was again printed by Andrew Bradford alone. 
The typography of the Mercury was equal to that of Frank- 
lin's Gazette. 


History of Printing in America. 

Andrew Bradford died November 23, 1742, and the next 
Mercury, dated December 2, appeared in mourning. The 
paper was suspended one week, on account of the death of 
Bradford; therefore the first paper, " publisbed by the 
widow Bradford,'" contained an extra half eheet. The 
tokens of mourning were continued six weeks. 

The widow entered into partnership with Isiiiah "War- 
ner, and the Mercury of March 1, 174g, bears this imprint, 
"Printed by Isaiah "Warner and Cornelia Bradford." 
Warner, in an introductory advertisement, informed the 
publie, that the paper would be conducted by him. 

Cornelia Bradford resumed the publication, October 18, 
1744, and carried it on in her own name til! the end of 
1746. It was, I believe, soon after diseontJnned. The 
Mercury was well printed on a good type, during the whole 
time she had the management oi' it. 

T6e Universal Instructor in all Arts and Sciences ; 
And Pennsylvania Gazette. 

This was the second newspaper establiehed in the pro- 
vince ; it has been continued under the title of the Penn- 
sylvania Gazette to the present time, and is now (1810), 
the oldest newspaper in the United 8tate9. 

No. 1 was published December 24, 1728, by Samuel 
Keimer, on a small sheet, pot size, folio. In No. 2 the 
publisher adopted the sQ-le of the (juakers, and dated it, 
"The 2d of the 11th mo. 1728."' The first and second 
pages of each sheet were generally occupied with extracts 
from Cbambere's Dictionary ; this practice was continued 
until the 25th of the 7th mo., 1729, in which the article Air 
concludes the extracts. 

' Autlri'W Bniilfonl's widow. Comi^lia. [No nioniinieiit marks the i>lace 
ot Brailfurd'sbiirial. Si't Jonc-u's J(Wrtw en Anilrete Hradfurd, pi). 28- 
31. -.y I 

Newspapers. — Pennsylvania. 135 

When the paper had been published nine months, the 
printer had not procured one hundred subscribers. 

Franklin, soon after he began business, formed the de- 
sign of publishing a newspaper, but was prevented by the 
sudden appearance of this Gazette ; he was greatly disap- 
pointed ; and, as he observes, used his endeavors to bring 
it into contempt. He was successful, and the publisher, 
being obliged to relinquish it, for a trifling consideration 
resigned it to Franklin. At this time, Franklin was in 
partnership with Hugh Meredith ; they began printing this 
paper with No. 40, and published it a few weeks on Mon- 
days and Thursdays, on a whole or half sheet, pot, as 
occasion required. The price " ten shillings per annum." 
The first part of the title they expunged, and called their 
paper I'he Pmnsylcania Gazette. " Containing the fresh- 
est Advices Foreign and Domestick." The Gazette, under 
their management, gained reputation, but until Franklin 
obtained the appointment of post-master, Bradford's Mer- 
cury had the largest circulation ; after this event, the Ga- 
zette had a full proportion of subscribers and of advertising 
custom, and it became very profitable. 

Meredith and Franklin separated in May, 1732. Frank- 
lin continued the Gazette, but published it only once a 
week. In 1733, he j)rinted it on a crown half sheet, in 
quarto. Imprint, ** Philadelphia : Printed by B. Franklin, 
Post^Master, at the Xew Printing-Ofiice near the Market. 
I^rice 105. a vear. Where Advertisements are taken in, 
and Book-Binding is done reasonably in the best manner." 
In 1741, he enlarged the size to a demy quarto, half sheet, 
and added a cut of the Pennsylvania arms in the title. In 
1745, he returned to foolscap, folio. In 174^ the Gazette 
was published " By B. Franklin, Postmaster, and I). Hall ;" 
it was enlarged to a whole sheet, crown, folio; and after- 
wards, by a great increase of advertisements, to a sheet, 
and often to a sheet and a half, demy. On the 9th of May, 

136 History of Peinting in Amebica. 

1754, the device of a snake, divided into parts, with the 
motto, " Join or die," I believe, first appeared in this 
paper. It accompanied an account of the French and In- 
dians having killed and scalped many of the inhabitants in 
the frontier counties of Virginia and Pennsylvania. The 
acconnt was published with this device, witli a view to 
J rouse the British colonies, and cause them to unite in 
effectual measures for their defence and security against 
the common enemy. The snake was divided into eight 
parts, to represent, first, New England ; second, Kew 
York; third, New Jersey; fourth, Pennsylvania; fifth, 
Maryland; sixth, Virginia; seventh, North Carolina; and 
eighth, South Carolina. The account and the figures ap- 
peared in several other papers, and had a good eft'ect. 

The Gazette was put into mourning October 31, 1765, 
on account of the stamp act, passed by the British parlia- 
ment, which was to take effect the next day. From that 
time until the ^Ist of November following, the publication 
of it was suspended. In the interim, large handbills, ae 
substitutes, were published, headed " liemarkable Occur- 
rences," "No Stamped paper to be had," Ac. When 
revived, it was published without an imprint until Feb- 
ruary 6, 1766; it then appeared with the name of David 
Hall only, who now became the proprietor and the printer 
of it.' In May following, it was published by Hall k Sel- 
lers, who continued it until 1772, when Hall died, but was 
succeeded by his sons ; and the firm of Hall & Sellers con- 
tinued, and tlie Gazette was published until 1777, when, oa 
the approach of the British army, the publishers retired 
from Philadelphia, and the publication was suspended 
while the British possessed the city. On the evacuation 
of Philadelphia the Gazette was again revived, and pub- 
lished once a week until the death of Sellers, in 1804. 

' Bbc acroimt of Fmiiklin ami Hull, vol. i, p. 235, 

Newspapers. — Pennsylvania. 137 

After this event, it was printed by William and David Hall, 
and in 1810, published by William Hall, Jr., and George 
Pierce, every Wednesday.* William Hall, Jr., died in 
1813, and Gkjorge Pierce in 1814. 

The Pennsylvania 'Journal and the Weekly Adver^ 


This paper was first published on Tuesday, December 2, 
1742. It was printed on a foolscap sheet The day of pub- 
lication was changed to Wednesday. Imprint, " Philadel- 
phia : Printed by William Bradford, on the West side of 
Second Street, between Market and Chesnut Streets." But 
soon after, "at the Corner of Black-Horse-alley." 

About the year 1766, tlie imprint was, " Philadelphia : 
Printed and sold by William and Thomas Bradford, at the 
comer of Front and Market-Streets, where all persons may 
be supplied with this Paper at Ten Shillings a year. — And 
where Advertisements are taken in." In 1774, it had in the 
title, a large cut, the device, an open volume, on which the 
word "journal" is very cons})icuous ; underneath the 
volume appears a ship under sail, inclosed in an ornamental 
border ; the volume is supported by two large figures ; the 
one on the right represents Fame, that on the left, one of 
the aborigines properly equipped. This dexdce remained 
as long as the Journal was published, excepting from July 
1774 to October 1775, during which time the device of the 
divided snake, with the motto, " u n i t p: or d i e," was 
substituted in its room. 

This paper was devoted to the cause of the country; 
but it was suspended during the period that the British 

* There is a complete file of tliis pai)er from 1728 lo 1804, in the collec- 
tion of the Library Company of Pliiladc^lphia. Its pulilication was sus- 
jM-niled for a short time in IHli); but it was resumed, and survived until 
183:i or 1824, when it was tlie oldest paper in the country. — M. 

Ill 18 

138 History of Printing in America. 

army was in puescasion of Philadelphia. About the year 
1788, it was published aemi-weeldy ; but ite title was QOt 
altered. It continued to be headed The Permsykania Jour- 
nal and Weekly Adeertiser. WiUiain Bradford died in 1791 ; 
the Journal was published by the surviving partner, until 
1797, when it was finally dibcoutinued, and the lYue Ameri- 
ean, a daily paper, was published in its eteiid. 

T/}e Pennsylvania Chronicle, and Universal Adver~ 

Containing ihe frtiheft Advices both Foreign and Domertick ; with a 
Variety of other matiers, ufcful, inftruciivc and etiteriaining, 

In the middle of the title was placed a handsome cut of 
the king's arms. The Chronicle was published weekly, on 
Monday, The first number appeared January 6, 1767, well 
printed from a new bourgeois Qfpe, on a large medium aheet, 
(ialio. Imprint, " rhiladeiphia : Printed by William God- 
dard, at the New-Printing Office, in Market-Street, near 
the Post-Office. Price Ten Shillings per Annum." 

This was the fourth newspaper in the English language 
established in Philadelphia, and the first with four columns 
to a page, printed in the northern colonies. The second 
and tbii'd yeai^s the Chronicle was printed in quarto, and 
the fourth year again in folio, but ou a smaller sheet. It 
was ably edited ; in all reapeots well executed; and it soon 
gained an extensive circulation. Joseph Galloway, a cele- 
brated character at the commencement of the American 
revolutiou, and a delegate to the continental congress from 
Pennsylvania, before the declaration of independence, and 
Thomas Wharton, a wealthy merchant, hut neither of them 
in the whig interest, were silent partners with Goddard. 
The Chronicle was established uudcr their iutluence, and 


Newspapers. — Pennsylvania. 


[ Bnbject to tbeir control, until 1770. Benjamin Towne, af- 
' terwards printer of The Pennsi/lvanta Evening Post, was also, 
for ft short timii, a partner in the Chronielo estalilishment ; 
lie was introduced to this concern by Galloway and Whar- 
ton, who sold him their right in it. In 1770, Goddard 
separated from his partners, and the politics of the Chroni- 
cle became somewhat more in favor of the country. A 
portion of it was, however, for a long time, devoted by 
Ooddard to the management of a literary warfare wliich 
took place between him and bis late partners. 

The Chronicle was published until February, 1773. It 
was then discontinued, and the publisher of it removed to 

TSe Pemnyhania Packet, or the General Adver- 

The Packet was first issued from the press in November, 
1771. It was well printed on a sheet of demy, by John 
Danlap, in Market street, Philadelphia, The day of pub- 
lication was Monday. A well executed cut of a ship di- 
vided the title. 

From September, 1777, to July 1778, when the British 
army was in poaseasion of Philadelphia, the Packet was 
printed in Lancaster, On the return of the proprietor to 
Philadelphia, it waw published tlu-ee times in a week; but 
it was again reduced to twice a week, in 1780. In 1783, 
I and until September 1784, it was published three times a 
week by D. C. Claypoole ;^ it then became a daily paper, 

' Mr. Claypouje wax a geiiLlcman of the old school, supposed to havti 
tax a desci^niianl from Oliver Cronin-ell, wlioin he Is said lo have resem- 
I bled in feature. The debates in coogreas, from 1783 to 1709, were printed 
I In hii pnpur. Uealsopulilished the first edition of Washington's ^ireuifU 
I AMm*, and had permission to preserve the raanuacHpt, which was sold 
[ Feb. 13, 1850, by auction, and purchased by Mr. Jaraea Lenox, of New 

140 History OF Printing in America. 

anfl waa published by John Datilap and David 0. Clay- 
poole, and called the Pennsi/lvania Parket and DaUy Adver- 
tiser. It \Fa9 continued till the end of the year 1790 witliout 
alteration. In January, 1791, itseizewaa enlarged; itwaa 
printed with new type, on a auper royal sheet, five columns 
in a page, and published by John Dunlap. In December, 
179-3, it waa again printed and published by John Dunlap 
A David C. Claypoole. In Januai-y, 1796, it is called 
Claifj)oole^3 American Daily Adi-erliser : and printed by David 
0. and Septimus Claypoole. In 1799, it is by D. C. Clay- 
poole only, as proprietor ; and October 1, 1800, Claypoole 
sold his right in tlie paptT to Zachariali Poulson; who 
continued its pablication with great reputation.' This was 
the first daily paper published in the United States. 
[Scefonoard, under BookseUers, Phihuielphia.'] 

The Pennsyhania hedger ; or. The Virginia, Ma^ 
ryland, Pennsyhania and New-'Jersey Weekly 

This Ledger wae first published January 28, 1775. It 
had a cut of the king's anus in the title. It was printed on 
a demy nheet, folio, with now types ; the workmanship was 
neat and correct, and it appeared on Saturdays. Lnprint, 
" 8@* Philadelphia : Printed by James Ilumphrcys, Jun., 

York, fur ujiwards o% ^,000. It consiste of about 30 pn^cs, in Washing- 
Ion's hand wriiing. Mr. Cluy|Xioli! ilied March 19, 18411, agod 93,— M. 

' Zachariab Poulimn was the sou of Zacliaria, who was l>orn in Copcn- 
liageti, Dcumaric, lUtli June, ITilT. He waa the only son of Nicholas 
PaulsuD, a printer, who left hia naUve ciiunlry lo enjoy liberty of con- 
sdencc. They arrived in Philadelphia in 1740. Zacharia learned print- 
ing of Christopher Saur, the noted Qermau printer at G(.-rmanU>wn, nnd 
married A.nna Barbara Slallenberg. He wiib a diad of rhe most exom- 
plaiy piety and manners ; his " countenance, on which nature li»d died 
llabounty, was ever enhanced and lit up by the evidences of a happy tntio 

of mental associations Uis apjwrel was a light limb, plain cut cottt, 

Mid breechc!' in old-time fashion." He-died on tho 4th of Jane, 1804, 

Newspapers. — Pennsylvania. 



in FrontStreet, at the Corner of Black-horee Alley; — 
where Subecriptions are taken in for this Paper, at Ten 
Shillings per Year." 

The publisher amiount'eil his intention to conduct his 
paper with political impartiality; anfl, perhaps, in times 
more tranqtiil than those in whiih it appeared, he might 
have Hucceeded ia his plan. He had, as has been stated, 
taken the oitth of allegiance to the king of England ; he 
pleaded the obligations of his oath, and refused to bear arms 
against tlie British government;' in consequence of which, 
he was deemed a tory, and his paper denounced as being 
under corrupt influence. The impartiality of the Ledger 
did not comport with the temper of the times ; and, in No- 
vember, 1776, Humphreys was obliged to discontinue it, 
and leave the city. 

A few weeks before the British troops took possession of 
Philadelphia, in September, 1777, Humphreys returned, 
remwned in the city whilst it was in their possession, and 
renewed the publication of the Ledger ; but, when the 
royal army evacuated the place, it was again discontinued, 

•gtd 67. It 1b rworded of him that he bad always been esteemed, by 
ttiase vho kneir him, for his Intirgrity, tar the sincerity and iirdor of his 
frifindship, and for his nnilable nnil inofTensivc deportment. Ills remains 
wve borne to the cemclery of the Moravian church by his brethren of 
the typographic art {Bitler't Hitt. Moraaaa Churdi. BO, 01). The son, Zaeba- 
riohjimiur, mentioned above, iras bom in Philadelphia, Sth Sepieniber, 
1781. lie served his apprenticeship with Joseph Cmiksbank, was eminent 
M a printer, and was for many years elected printer for the senate of the 
Mal«. On the Ist of Octotier, 1800, he undertook to conduct a daily 
paper, having purchased Mr. Claypoole's establishment for $10,000. Poul- 
taa conlioued his paper under the title of PouUoa'a DaUy AdtrrUter, until 
Dec 18, 183(1, when it was merged in another concern. He died July 31, 
1M4, agdd 83, "being tlie last link connecting the pnblisliing fraternity 
viththal of the days of Franklin." He had acquired a large forltine by 
Us paper. His portrait is given in 7'A« Lirie$ of £!mineTtt PhiUuktphiaTi*. 
HisaOD.Charlea A. Poulwin, died Feb. 15, 1666, aged TT. Thv: PhUadelpliia 
Utrth American, with which the Advertiser was iiniled, announci'd ia 
1807. that it had entered upon its one handrcdth y uar, and was nevermore 
pruaperoua. — if. 
*6ee vol. I, pageSfiS. 


History of Printing in America. 

and never afterwards revived. WliilfittheBritUli remained 
in Philadelphia, the Ledger was puhlished twice a week, 
on Wednesday and Saturday, market days, and was called 
The Public Jj&iger and Market Day AdvcrHs&. The last 
nnmher was publiahed May 23, 1778, and the British army 
quitted the city about the middle of the following month. 

T/je Pemisyhania Evening Post, 
"Was first puhlished January 24, 1775, by Bei^amia 
Towne. It was well printed on half a sheet of crown 
paper, in quarto, and published three times in a week, viz 
on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday evenings; "Price 
two pennies each paper, or three Shillings the quarter. 
This was the third evening paper which made its appear- 
ance in the colonies; the first was The Boston Evening Post, 
and the second Tlie New York Eeening Post. The Rev. 
Dr. "Wltherspoon, member of congress, and some other dis- 
tinguished personages of thatday, it has been said, furnished' 
the Evening-Post occasionally, with intelligence and essays.' 
Although the printer of the paper had been the agent of 
Galloway and Wharton, he was on the side of the country 
until the Brttisli army entered the city in 1777. He re- 
mained in Philaiielphia after that event, and continued the' 
Evening Post under the anspiccs of the British general, 
until the city was evacuated, Towne was proscribed by a 
law of the state of Pennsylvania; be didnot, however, leave 
Philadelphia, but again changed his ground ; and, without 
molestation, continued his paper until 1782, about whicli 
time the publication of it terminated. Atler this he occa- 
sionally published handbills, headed " All the News, for 
two coppers." These were hawked in the streets by him- 


n vol. t. Appendix W. 

Newspafebs. — Pknkstlyania. 143 

Story and Humphreys's Pennsylvania Mercury and 

tfniversal Advertiser. 

The Mercnrjr first came before the public, in April, 1775 ; 
and was published weekly, on Fridkj^ printed on a demy 
sheet, folio, with typeVsaidto be manu&ctured in the coun- 
try. A large cut decorated the title ; Britun and America 
were represented by two figures, facing each other, and in 
the act of shaking hands ; underneath the figures was this 
motto : ^^ Affection and Interest dictate the Union.'' Im- 
. print, " Philadelphia ; Printed by Story and Humphreys, 
*in UorrisV Alley, near Front-Street, where Subscriptions, 
(at Ten Shillings per Annum), Advertisements, Articles 
and Letters of Intelligence, &c. are gratefully received." 

The Mercury was short lived. The printing house 
whence it was issued, and all the printing materials therein 
contained, were destroyed by fire in December, 1776 ; and, 
in consequence of that event, the paper was discontinued. 

This was the last attempt to establish a newspaper in the 
city before the American revolution. At the conclusion 
of the war another paper by the same title was published 
by Humphreys, handsomely and correctly executed, and 
was continued for several years. 




A newspaper in the German language was published 
weekly, in Philadelphia, as early as May, 1743. The printer 

144 History of Printing in America. 

of it was Joseph Crellius, who first lived in Market street, 
but during the year removed to Arch street, where the 
paper was probably printed and published several years. 
In November, 1748, Crellius advertised in the Pennsyl- 
vania Journal, that he had opened his " Winter Evening 
German School, and continued to print his "Weekly Ger- 
man Newspaper," the title of which, I am informed, was 
The High Dutch Pennsylvania Journal. I have not been able 
to procure a copy of this newspaper, but I believe it was 
the first that was printed in Philadelphia in the German 

In February, 1748, Godhart Armbruster commenced the 
publication, once in a 'fortnight, of a newspaper in the 
German language. His printing house was then in Race 

By an advertisement in The Pennsylvania Gazette of Sep- 
tember, 1751, 1 find there was at that time, " A Dutch smd 
English Gazette, contiiining the freshest Advices, foreign 
and domestick, with other entertaining and useful Matters 
in both Languages^ adapted to the Convenience of such as 
incline to learn either^^^ printed " at the German Printing- 
Office^ in Arch-street; price five shillings per annum." 
" At the same place Copper-plate Printing was performed 
in the best Manner." The title of the newspaper was 2)ie 
3ritung. The name of the publisher of this paper is not 
mentioned; but it is ascertiiined to have been Godhart 
Armbruster, who, in 1747, went to Europe, lie returned 
in 1748, and brought with him a copper plate printer by 
the name of Behni, and a supply of new German types. 
This Gazette was probably that which he first published in 
1748. It is mentioned in his Almanac for 1749, and was 
then published weekly, at ten shillings per annum. In 
1751 it was printed only once in a fortnight, as at first. 

A press for the German language had been established 
in that city, for some years, at the expense of a society in 


Newspapebs, — Pbnnstlvania. 146 

Londoa, formed for the benevolent purpose of " promoting 
religious kiiowiedge among the German emigranta in 
Pennsylvaiiiii." Scbool books, and religious tracta in the 
German language, were printed at this press ; and, in order 
to convey, with the greater facility, political and other in- 
formation to the German citizens, a newspaper was pub- 
lished at the estahliahment. The title of the paper I have 
not been able to ascertain. It was printed hy Anthony 
Armbrueter ; ' with whom, at that time, Franklin was a 
silent copartner. 

The Eev. Or. William Smith, provost of the college at 
Philadelphia, was agent for the English society, and hud 
the direction of the press, and of the newspaper. 

Formal complainta having been miide to the bouse of 
assembly respecting the official conduct of William Moore, 
president of the court of common pleas for the county of 
Chester, the assembly applied to the governor to remove 
him from office. Moore, in his ^indieation, presented "a 
humble address " to the governor, which was expressed in 
terms that proved offensive to the assembly. It was pub- 
lished both in the Gazette and in the Journal : and ap- 
plication was made to Dr. Smith to publish a German 
translation of it in the German newspaper, with which be 
complied. The house of assembly considered tliif address 
as a high reflection on the proceedings of their body, and 
resolved that " it was a libel," 

The assembly were desirous of discovering the author of 
the German translation. They were suspicious of Dr. 
Smith. The three printers of newspapers, and several other 
persons, were summoned to give their testimony before the 
assembly. Hall and Bradford, printers of the English 
newspapers, knew nothing of the Gh>rman translation, and 

' Knee ihe firet edilion of this work was puliliBhed, I liave been io- 
fomieil Uiat llie newspaper here mcnlionprt wns the coiithiiuilioii of Ibiit 
puLlisliod in 1748, and afWr by Godimrt Anubrualcr. 

II] 19 

146 HiSTOHT OF Printing in America. 

were diemissed. Annbruster was interrogated, and com- 
mitted to the custody of the sergeant at arms, for a contempt 
to the house in prevaricating in hie testimony, and refusing 
to answer a question put to him ; but he waa the next day 
discharged, on his asking pardon, giving direct answers, 
and paying fees. 

The Rev. Dr. Smith, the editor of the German paper, and 
JudgeMoore, were on the 6th of January, 1758, apprehended 
andbrought before thehouse. Moorewaschargedby the as- 
sembly with mal-administration in his office as a magistrate, 
and with wTiting and publishing the address. In respect 
to tlie first charge, he denied the jurisdiction of thehouse; 
at the same time declaring bis desire to obtain an impartial 
hearing before the governor, the usual tribunal \a such 
cases ; or, before a court of justice, where be could be ac- 
quitted or condemned by his peers. To the second charge 
he acknowledged that he wrote and published the address 
to the governor, and clamed a right to do it. He waa 
imprisoned for refusing to acitnowledge the jurisdiction of 
the house, and for writing the address. Dr. Smith was 
also committed for printing and publishing the address, 
although he pleaded " that the same thing had been done 
four weeks before by Franklin & Hall, printers to the 
house, in the Pennsylvania Gazette ; and, afterwards, by 
Bradford, printer of the Pennsylvania Journal ; neither of 
whom had been molested." 

The house, by two resolves, fixed the nature of the crime, 
and their own autliority to try it. Smith, before he left 
the house, offered to appeal to the king in council ; but this 
was not taken notice of by the assembly. It waa intimated 
to Smith, tliat he could escape confinement only by making 
aatisfactory acknowledgement to the house ; to this he re- 
plied, " that he thought it his duty to keep the Dutch press 
as free as any other press in the province : and, as he waa 
conscious of no offence against the house, his lips should 


Newspapers. — Pennsylvania. 


never give hia heart the lie ; there being no panishment, 
which they could inflict, half ao terrible to him as the 
■ thouglit of forfeiting his veracity and good name with the 
world." He spoke more to the same purpoHe, which was 
8o highly approved by a large audience that on that occa- 
sion had crowded into the hall of the assembly, as to pro- 
duce a burst of applause. Some gentlemen who gave this 
token of their approbation, were taken into custody, exam- 
ined, reprimanded and diaeharged. Smith and Moore 
determined to petition the king for redress.' 

Thifl German paper was published about the year 1759, 
by Weiss and Miller, eouveyancors. It was printed for 
them about two years by Armbruster. 

In 1762, Anthony Armbruster printed this German 
paper on his own account, and, in 1764, published it weekly 
ID Arch street. 

H. Miller's German paper was commenced also in 1762 ; 
and for some time there were two German and two Eng- 
lish newspapers published in Philadelphia. 


3)er SBoc^entlic^e ^^ilnbelp^ifc^e ©taatfbotc. 

This newspaper waa first published iu the German lan- 
guage at Philadelphia, in January, 1762 ; printed by Henry 
Miller, with German types, very similar to, though hand- 
somer than English blflCtCS. It was, as occasion required, 
printed on a whole or half sheet of foolscap ; the size of the 
paper was afterwards enlarged to a crown sheet. The day 
of publication, at first, waa Monday, but it was frequently 

In 1775, the paper waa enlarged to a demy size, and pub- 
luhed twice a week, on Tuesday and Friday; in 1776, 
only once a week, on Tuesdays, at Qs. per annum. In 

' See Anurkan Magiuine for January, ITS8. Soe also, JournaU of tA^ 
hnae of AuemMi/ of Pcniutylsania, for 1T5T nnd 1758 


HiSTOKT OF Printing in Amektca. 

1765, a cut of a postman on Lorseback, was introduced into 
the title ; the postman was on a gallop, and held in hie left | 
hand a newspaper, on which appeared the word Novw. Jn I 
1768, the title was altered to <}Jeimfit)IUain^c()C Staatfbote. I 
In 1775, the cut was omitted, and the paper entitled ^cn- 

ricf; mikv'^ *penn§t)(uimi8cfier etaotfbote "With this al- 
teration in the title, it was printed until the British army 1 
took posBeesion ]of the city in 1777; the publication of itJ 
was then suspended, but was revived soon after that army 1 
evacuated Philadelphia, and continued till May, 1779, when' [ 
the publisher retired from business, and his paper was con- 
tinued by Steiner & Cist, for a few months, and then by 
Steiner only, until 1794 ; and after that time by H. & J. 
Kammerer, and others, until 1812, when it waa discon- 

[See Phihdelpkia — Henry Milkr,'] 

James Robertson, who before 1775 printed at Albany, 
and afterwards at Norwich and New York, published in 
Philadelphia, whilst the British army occupied the city, a 
paper entitled The Soyal Gazette. 

Sote. — There were 14 newapapera printed in iJie slate of Pennsylvania 1 
in 1790, and it was supposed about live linies that number in Lbc w-liola 1 
country. The- first stage between New York and Pliiladelpbia eomnicDced 1 
mnniug in 1TS6, and occupied three days in the translL Nawspapere wera. I 
carried in Ibe mail free of charge, nntil 1756, mben, by reason of thdr J 
great increase, they were charged with poslage nl Urf. a year lot fifty niilw, I 
■nd 18d lor 100 niUeB.— if. 



Newspapers. — Pennsylvania. 


The General Magazine, and Historical Chronicle, 
for all the British Plantations in America. 

This waa published monthly. No. 1 appeared in January, 
1741. It has for a frontispiece, the prince of Wales's coronet 
and feather, with the motto, Ich Dim. It was published 
only six months. Imprint, " Philadelphia : Printed and 
8o!d by Benjamin Franklin." 12s. per annum. 12mo. 

The American Magazine, or a Monthly View of the 
British Colonies. 

First published January, 1741. Foolscap 8vo., forty- 
eight pages. 12s. per annum. Imprint, " Philadelphia : 
Printed and sold by Andrew Bradford." 

This work was edited by, and published for, John 
"Webbe, who having issued the prospectus from the 
American Mercury of November 6, 1740, gave offence to 
Benjamin Franklin, and produced a short, but smart paper 
war between Franklin, Webbe, and Bradford. Webbe 
hod employed Bradford to print the work. Franklin 
asserted that it had previously been engaged to him. 
This was contradicted by Webbe ; but he acknowledged 
that he had conversed with Franklin on the subject, who 
had given to him, in writing, the terms on which he would 
print and publish it. The conseyuence was, that Franklin 
began the magazine above mentioned, and published it a 
month sooner than Webbe could bring his forward. I 
cannot find that Bradford and Webbe printed more than 
two numbers of this work. 

History of Printing in America. 

The American Magazine, or Monthly Chronicle Jbr 
the British Colonies. By a Society of Gentlemen. 
Veritatis Cultores FraueHs Inimici. 

This Magazine was first published in October, 1757. 
Imprint, ''Philadelphia; Printed by "William Bradford." 
Price 12s. per annum. It was diseontiniied soon after the 
appearance of The. New American Magazme, printed iu 
January, 1758, by Parker, and edited by Nevil, at "Wood- 
bridge. I cannot find that Bradford published more thaa 
three numbers. 

The Penny Post. 

This was a small work of a lew pages 12 mo. published 
for a short time by Benjamin Mecom, in 1769. I have 

not seen a copy of it. His design was to print it v 
but it came from the press in an irregular manner. 

The American Magazine, 

"Was published monthly, through the year 1769, fur its 
author Lewis Nicola ; each number contained forty-eight 
pages. To this magazine were subjoined the transactions 
of the American Philosophical Society, of which Nicola 
was a member. The work was begun and ended with the 
year. It was printed iu octavo, price 1.3s. per annum. 

Nicola was born at Rochelle, in France, and educated in 
Ireland. He had some appointment in the British army, 
but quitted it. He Wiis the author of one or more small 
military treatises, written about the commencement of our 
revolution, to which he was friendly. He obtained mili- 
tary rank in Pennsylvania, and eventually became a 
general ofiicer in the militia. 

Newspapers. — PENNsyLVANiA. 

The Royal Spiritual Magazine, or the Christiaiis 
Grand Treasury. 

Tins work was bogUQ in 1771, and published monthly, 
for a few months only, by John MacGibbons, in Front 
Btrcet, between Arch and Race streeta. 


The Pennsylvania Magazine, or American Monthly 

This Magazine was first published in Jaunary, 1775, by 
Bobert Aitken. The celebrated Thomas Paine, author of 
Common Sense,^ Ac, was one of the principal compilers 
and writers of the Muaenm. It was a work of merit; 
each number contained forty-eight pages, octavo, with an 
engraving. The war put an end to it, 

Aitken contracted with Pwne to furnisli, monthly, for 
this work, a certain quantity of original matter ; but he 
often found it difficult to prevail on Paine to comply with 
his engagement. On one of the occasions, when Paine 
had neglected to supply the materials for the Magazine, 
within a short time of the day of publication, Aitken 
went to his lodgings, and complained of his neglecting to 
fulfil his contract. Paine heard him patiently, and coolly 
answered, "You ahail have them in time." Aitken ex- 
pressed some doubts on the subject, and insisted on Paine's 
accompanying him and proceeding immediately to busi- 
ness, as the workmen were waiting for copy. He accord- 
ingly went home witli Aitken, and was soon seated at the 
table with the necessary apparatus, which always included 
a glass, and a decanter of brandy. Aitken remarked, " he 

'There was n political pnpcr published in London, 
I liave seen, that bears the title Common Sense. 

I, which I 


History of Printing in America. 

wouI{l never write without that." The first glass put him 
in a train of thinking ; Aitken feared the second would 
disqualify hira, or render him untraetablc; but it only 
illuminated his intellectual system ; and when he had swal- 
lowed the third glass, he wrote witli great rapidity, intel- 
ligence, and precision ; and his ideas appeared to flow 
faster than he could commit them to paper. What he 
penned from the inspiration of the brandy, was perfectly 
fit for the press without any alteration, or correctiou.' 


A public journal was printed in the German language 
at Germantown, aa early as the summer of 1739, by Chris- 
topher Sower.' The title of it in English, was, 

T^e Pennsylvania German Recorder of Events.^ 

At first this paper was printed (juarterly, at three ahillingft 
per annum ; it was afterward published monthly, and con- 

' Aitki'n was a man of Inith, and of an irreproaclinble fliaracter. This 
anecdote came from hSm Boaie years tiefnre his deatli. Paine, vrbcn be 
edited Uie Magazine for Aitken, was suapected of tarTism. 

'TliispcrsoD was a native of Germany, boml7t)3, and immigrated 1724 
He wrotr bis name Salir (pronounced noar), for which resBon, it is proba- 
ble, hla son altered the orlliography of bis own uante to Sower. For % 
particuiar description of Saiir and his enlerjiriseg, Siinpeon's Bminmt 
PMaddp/iiant, 009; PHnUr't Circular, vu, HM; O'Cailagban's Lilt (^ 
Amrrifim Bible*, pauim. — W. 

'This paper was eniiticd Dtc ^offt-^euttd] $tiiniq(Daiii(itit Octdjict- 
€<l|Tcib(c, obcT Sammliiiig luif^ligtc 9tiirt]Fi<t)leii a\it bcm JtnluT-utib Itirdicii- 
Vttii). signifying in English, the Iligh-Duleli PennHylrania IlisLurio- 
grapher, or coliection of Impartial Intelligence from the Kingdoms of 
Nature and the Church. Saur dc8ignl^d it to serve as a Journal for Ihesecl 
of Tunkera, with whom lie was identified, and at first publliihed it onl; 
o<»asIonBlly on one side of a sheet for gratuitous diMlribulion. It took % 
more definiluformin 1738. as a folio, U by 13 inches. See Printer'! Cireu- 
tor,vii,358.— J/: 

Newspapers. — Pennsylvania. 

I tinned for several years. This was, undoubtedly, the first 
I newspaper printed in the German language in America. 

©ermantoniier 3eitlllig {GermaHtown Gazette). 

This Gazette was printed by Christopher Sower, jun., 
[ and, probably, as a substitute for the Germantown Eecorder, 
I which had been published by his father. It was a weekly 
[ paper, and commenced about 1744. As an appendage to 
I it, Sower for some time published, every fortnight, a small 
magazine of eight 8vo. pages, containing, chiefly, moral and 
religious essays ; with which, it is said, he, for some time, 
sapplied his newspaper customers gratis. It was entitled 
6in GJetglli^E^SHagajin.' The Zeitmg v/ns continued until 
the troubles occasioned by the revolutionary war obliged 
the publisher to drop it. It had an extensive circulation 
among the Germans settled in Pennsylvania. It^ publica- 
tion was continued till 1748. 


A newspaper in the English and German languages was 
[ published in Lancaster, by Miller and Holland, in January, 
[ 1751. Wtat the title of it was I cannot learn, nor the 
I lame at which it was discontinued. 

Francis Bailey, it is said, published a paper in English 
1 soon after the beginning of the war, but this fact is doubted 
I by some. He afterwards removed to Philadelphia, in 1778, 
I and there published the Freeman's JmLnial. 

' For « more co 
W.ieljAiaiu. D03-4, ] 

of this work ace Simpson's Eminent PhSa- 

History of Printing in America. 


The district of country wliich composes the state of 
Delaware, was, prev-ioualy to the revolution, distinguished 
as " The Counties of Newcastle, Kent, and Sussex, on 


The first and only newspaper published before 1775, in 
what is now the stat« of Delaware, made its appearance in 
"Wilmington about the year 1762, entitled, if my informa- 
tJou is correct, The Wilmington Oouranl, printed and pub- 
lished by James Adams, for the short period of six months ; 
when, for waut of encouragement, it was discontinued. 
About the year 1787, Adams commenced the publication 
of another paper, entitled ?7ie Wilmington Courant. Its con- 
tinuance was only two or three years. 


Newspapers. — Martlanb. 


A newspaper waa published at Annapolis, in this colony, 
as early aa 1728. Three papers only had been printed be- 
fore the revolutionary war, and two of them were pub- 
lished when it commenced. 


The Maryland Gazette. 

I cannot determine the exact time when this paper was 
first introduced to the public ; but the best information I 
can obtain dates its origin from 1727. I have ascertained 
that it was published in June, 1728, by the following record 
of the vestry of the parish church in Annapolis, dated in 
June, 1728, directing " the register of the vestry to apply 
to the printer to have an advertisement inserted in the 
Maryland Gazette ;" and, by a subsequent record of an ac- 
count " rendered by the Printer for publishing an advertise- 
ment in the Gazette, and printing hand-bUls." These and 
other facte indicate that it was established the previous 
year ; and I have reason to believe that it was published 
irregularly until 1736. I have seen extracts from it dated 
in August, 1729. 

It waa printed by "William Parks. 

Tht' Maryland Gazette. 

This was the second newspaper published in the colony. 
The first had been diaeontinued about nine years, when the 

156 HiSTORT OF Printing in America. 

second of the same title came before the public in April, 
1745, printed by Jonas Green. It was published weekly, 
on Thursday, on paper of foolscap size, folio, but it was en- 
larged, some years after, to a crown sheet. The typograph- 
ical features of this Gazette were equal to those of any 
paper then printed on the continent. It has been regularly 
and uniformly published from 1745, to the present time 
(1810), with the exception of a short suspension in 1765, on 
account of the stamp act; and there is only one paper 
printed in the United States which is of prior date. 

After it had been published several years, the imprint 
was as follows : " Annapolis : Printed by Jonas Green, at 
hisPrinting-Office in Charles-Street; where all persons may 
be supplied with this Gazette, at 1^/6. a year ; and Adver- 
tisements of a moderate Length are inserted for 65. the 
First Week, and Is. each Time after : And long ones in 

When the publication of this Gazette was suspended on 
account of the stamp act in 1765, its printer occasionally 
issued a paper called Tlie Apparition of the Maryland 
Gazette, which i^ not Dead but Sleepcth. At one corner of 
the sheet of The Apparition was, sis a substitute for a 
stamp, the figure of a death's head, about which the words 
following were thus arranged : 

9|)e 9(mrs are 



IDolototui, IDolUt'less. 

The publication of The Maryland Gazette was resumed 
January 30th, 1766, and it was printed until 1767 ; com- 
pleting a period of twenty-two years by Green, the first 
publisher. From April 1767 to December of that year, it 
was issued frcmi the press by his widow, Anne Catharine 

Newspapers. — Maryland. 157 

Green ; and from January 1768 to August 1770, by Anne 
Catharine Green and William her son. William died in 
1770 ; and Anne Catharine published it until her death, 
in March, 1775. It was then continued by her sons, 
Frederic and Samuel Green.* 

The Maryland Journal ; and Baltimore Advertiser. 

Containing the frcfheft Advices both Foreign and Domefticlc 

'* Omne tulit punctum^ fui mifcuit utile dulci, 
Lectorem deleffanJo, pariterqut monendo,** Hor. 

This was the third newspaper published in Maryland, 
and first appeared in August, 1773. It was handsomely 
printed on a demy sheet, and had a cut of the arms of the 
colony, or those of lord Baltimore, in the title. At first it 
was published on Saturdays, afterward on Thursdays. 
Imprint, " Baltimore : Printed by William Goddard, at 
the Printing-Oflice in Market-street, opposite the Coffee- 
Ilouse, where Subscriptions, at Ten Shillings per Annum, 
Advertisements and Letters of Intelligence, are gratefully 
received for this paper ; and where all Manner of Printing 
Work is performed with Care, Fidelity and Expedition. 
Blanks and Hand-Bills in particular are done on the shortest 
Notice in a neat and correct Manner." 

' Botli Frederic and Samuel Green paid the debt of nature not long 
after the first edition of this work was published. 

The St. Mary's Gazette announced in 1848, that it was printed on the 
press used in printing this Maryland Gazette, which had been in constant 
use for more than a hundred years, and upon which the first edition of 
the Laws of Maryland was printed. — M. 

158 History op Printing in Abcerica. 

Prom 1775, to 1784, Mary Katharine Qoddard, in the 
absence of her brother, published the Journal in her own 
name. In the year 1784, William Goddard resumed the 

During several years Qoddard was in habits of intimacy 
and friendship with the celebrated but eccentric general, 
Charles Lee, who, in one stage of the American war, was 
the second in command of the American army ; and, it is 
supposed, contemplated the removal of General Washing- 
ton from the chief command, with an expectation of occu- 
pying his place. Lee having failed in the execution of his 
orders at the battle of Monmouth, in 1778, was disgraced, 
and spent the remainder of his days in retirement, chiefly 
on his large estate in Berkeley county, Va., said to have 
contained 2752 acres of valuable land. He died at Phila- 
delphia, October 2, 1782 ; and in his last will and testament, 
as a token of his esteem, left Goddard, as has been men- 
tioned, a valuable real estate in Virginia. 

Lee's papers were deposited in the hands of Goddard 
with a view to the publication of them ; and, in June 
1785, a proposal for printing them by subscription, in three 


volumes octavo, at the price of one guinea, was issued in 
the Maryland Journal. The papers consisted, first, of 
letters to Lee from persons of distinction, both in Europe 
and Ameri(!a; secondly, letters from the general to his 
friends in Europe previous to the war, likewise to the prin- 
cipal characters in America, civnl and military, during his 
command in the American army ; and thirdly, essays on 
various subjects, political and military; to which it was 
proposed to prefix memoirs of his life.* In the prospectus, 

* Major General Charles Lee was tlie son of Colonel John Lee, and a 
native of Wales. He was allied to several of the most noble, ancient and 
respectable families in England ; and could trace his genealogy fh>m the 
Norman conciucst. As he i>os8essed a military spirit, he entered the army 
early in life ; but the profession of arms did not damp his ardor in the pur- 

Newspapers. — Marylakd. 169 

the publishers observed, " That the greatest task they, met 
with in collecting and arran^ng these posthumous papers, 
Arose from their desire of not giving offisnce to such charac- 

sulw of litentQie. He possessed a competent knowledge of Greek and 
lAtin ; and, in his travels, formed an acquaintance with the Italian, Span- 
ikh, Qerman and French langoages. He served against the French in 
America, anno 1756; and, when Gkneial Abercrombie was defeated at the 
French lines of Ticonderoga in July, 1758, Lee was severely womided at 
the head of his grenadiers. He served with great reputation under €kne- 
^ Bmgoyne in Portugal ; and was a volunteer against the Turks in the 
R uaria n army, commanded by (General Romanzow, where he had some 
" hair breath 'scapes.*' He was made a mi^or general in the army of the 
Ung of Poland ; after which he returned to England, but meeting with dis- 
appointments, he retired with some disgust to America, where he became 
tn enthusiast in the cause of liberty. In the contest which ensued be- 
tween England and her colonies, he took up arms in favor of the latter ; 
Iqr widch proceeding he rislced his very considerable estate in England, 
which however escaped confiscation ; yet he was deprived of its profits* 
and was thereby subjected to many difficulties and mortifying privations. 
He lost also his rank of a major general in the British army, with a very 
fair chance of becoming a lieutenant general, and, perhaps, of being made 
a peer of the realm. He was eminently useful in forming and disciplin- 
ing the American armies, and rendered essential service on many other 
important occasions. He ** adventured his life far," in '* many a well 
fought field;" and did much toward infusing a martial spirit into the 
American troops. If General Washington was considered as the Fabius, 
he was called the Marcellus, of the American army ; and as he exchanged 
a life of opulence, wealth and ease, for the toils, dangers and privations of 
war, we cannot doubt that the afTections of his soul were honestly and 
nobly engaged in the cause of freedom, distinctly and independently of 
aU the principles and motives of ambition. 

The principal part of the estate which he possessed at the time of his 
death, he bequeathed to his sister Miss Sidney Lee, who was a lady of ex- 
quisite accomplishments, and treated the Americans who were captured, 
and imprisoned by the British in England, with great humanity. She 
remitted four thousand five hundred pounds sterling to America, in order 
to discharge her brother's debts, lest his legatees in this country should be 
deprived of what bis friendship and gratitude induced him to bequeath to 
them. {Fbr other partictUars see Memoirs of General Lee ; AUen's American 
Biogra'phy ; Historical CoUeeUons^ dkc.) 

Goddard did pot publish the work he had projected ; as a person whom 
he had engaged as an associate in the publication, and who was entrusted 
with the manuscripts, betrayed his trust ; for instead of preparing them 
for the press, he sent them to England, where they were printed and sold 
for his sole benefit, and formed tlie imperfect work, which is entitled Me- 
moirs cf the Life of the late Charles Lee. 

160 History op Printing in America. 

ters as had been the objects of the general's aversion and 
resentment. Unhappily, his disappointments had soured 
his temper ; the af&ir of Monmouth, several pieces of scur- 
rility from the press, and numerous instances of private 
slander and defamation, so far got the better of his philoso- 
phy as to provoke him in the highest degree, and he became 
as it were, angry with all mankind. 

"To this exasperated disposition we may impute the 
origin of his Political Queries, and a number of satirical hints, 
thrown out both in his conversation and writing, against 
the commander in chief. Ilumanity will draw a veil over 
the involuntary errors of sensibility, and pardon the sallies 
of a suffering mind, as its presages did not meet with an 
accomplishment. General Washington, by his retirement, 
demonstrated to the world that power was not his object; 
that America had nothing to fear from his ambition ; but 
that she was honored with a specimen of such exalted pa- 
triotism as could not fail to attract the attention and admi- 
ration of the most distant nations. 

" The reader then will not wonder that General Lee, dis- 
appointed in his career of glory, should be continually in- 
culcating an idea of the extreme danger of trusting too 
much to the wisdom of one, for the safety of the wlude ; that 
he should consider it as repugnant to the principles of free- 
dom and republicanism to continue for years one man as 
commander in chief; that there should be a rotation of 
office, militarj' as well as civil ; and though the commander 
of an army possessed all the virtues of Cato, and the talents 
of Julius Cesar, it could not alter the nature of tlie thing, 
since by habituating the people to look up to one man, all 
true republican spirit became enervated, and a visible pro- 
pensity to monarchical goverimient was created and fos- 
tered ; that there was a charm in the long possession of 
high office, and in the pomp and influence that attended it, 
which might corrupt the best dispositions. 

NEtrspAPERS. — Maryland. 161 

" Indeed it was the opinion of Marcus Aurelius, whose 
virtaes not only honored the throne but human nature, 
that to have the power of doing much, and to confine that 
power to doing good, was a prodigy in nature. Such sen- 
timents of this divine prince, who wag not only trained up 
in the schools of austere philosophy, but whose elevated 
situation rendered him the most able judge of the difficulty 
there is in not abusing extensive power, when we have it 
in our hands, furnish substantial arguments for not entrust* 
ing it to any mortal whatsoever. But while we are con- 
vinced of the justness of these sentiments, we are led the 
more to respect and reverence our most disinterested com- 
mander in chief, who stands conspicuous with unrivalled 
glory, superior to the fascinations which have overthrown 
many a great and noble mind." 

Before any further steps were taken toward the publica- 
tion of this work, Goddard addressed General Washington, 
in the most respectful manner, giving him the outline of 
the plan, with assurances that every possible precaution 
would be taken to avoid injuring either his reputation or 
his feelings. To this letter the general returned the follow- 
ing answer, which, I believe, has not before been published. 

Mount Vernon^ 11th Junej 1785. 

" Sib, 

" On the 8th inst. I received the favour of your letter of 
the 30th of May. In answer to it I can only say, that your 
own good judgment must direct you in the publication of 
the manuscript papers of General Lee. I can have no re- 
quest to make concerning the work. I never had a ditter- 
ence with that gentleman, but on public ground ; and my 
conduct towards him upon this occasion, was only such as 
I conceived myself indispensably bound to adopt in dis- 
charge of the public trust reposed in me. If this produced 

II] 21 

162 History op Printing in America. 

in him unfavourable sentiments of me, I yet can never con- 
sider the conduct I pursued with respect to him, either 
wrong or improper, however I may regret that it may have 
been differently viewed by him, and that it excited his cen- 
sure and animadversions. 

" Should there appear in General Lee's writings any 
thing injurious or unfriendly to me, the impartial and 
dispassionate world must decide how far I deserved it from 
the general tenor of my conduct. I am gliding down the 
stream of life, and wish, as is natural, that my remaining 
days may be undisturbed and tranquil ; and, conscious of 
my integrity, I would willingly hope that nothing will 
occur to give me anxiety; but should any thing present 
itself in this or in any other publication, I shall never under- 
take the painful task of recrimination, nor do I know that 
I shall even enter upon my justification. 

^^I consider the communication you have made, as a mark 
of great attention, and the whole of your letter as a proof 
of your esteem. 

" I am. Sir, Your most obed*. humble servant, 
" Mr. Ooddard. Q«. Washington." 

Qoddard continued the Journal, and published it twice 
a week until August, 1792, and then sold his right to 
James Angell, who for three years had been his partner. 
Angell did not publish the Journal a long time, but sold 
the establishment to Philip Edwards, and soon after died 
of the yellow fever in Philadelphia. 

Before 1786, Edward Lang\vorthy was, for a few months, 
a partner with Qoddard in the Journal. 

Newspapers. — ViBGiKiiu 163 


Only two newq^apers were published in Virginia before 
1775. They were both printed at Williamsborg. The first, 
which was under the inflnence of the govemory commenced 
August, 1736. The second in 1766.^ 

The first public journal printed in the colony was en- 

The Virginia Gazette. 

It appeared as early as the year 1736, on a half sheet 
foolscap, and, occasionally, on a whole sheet, printed by 
William Parks, who continued it until he died, in 1760. 
Some months after his death the paper was discontinued. 

The Firginia Gazette. 

With the freflieft Advices Foreign and Domeftick. 

This in fact was but a renewal of the first Gazette, which 
had been a short time suspended, but it commenced with 
No. 1. It was published weekly, on Monday, on a crown 
sheet, folio, neatly printed, and had a cut of the Virginia 
arms in the title. The first number was published in Feb- 
ruary, 1751. Imprint, " Williamsburg : Printed by William 

^ See note on page 381, e< Mg., volume i. 

164 History of Printing in America. 

Hunter, at the Post-Office, .by whom persons may be 
supplied with this paper. Advertisements of a moderate 
length for Three shiUings the first week, and Two shillings 
each week after." In this Gazette were published, in 
1767, many well written essays, under the signature of The 
Virginia Centind. 

Hunter died in 1761. The Gazette was enlarged to a 
demy size, and published by Joseph Royle ; after whose 
death it was carried on by Purdie and Dixon ; who con- 
tinued it until the commencement of the war; and Purdie 
alone published it several years during the revolutionary 

Tie Virginia Gazette. 

PttblUhed by Authority. 

Open to all Parties, but influenced by none. 

This paper was first published in May, 1766, and con- 
tinued weekly, on Thursday. A cut of the arms of the 
colony was in the title. It was well printed with new 
types, on a demy sheet, folio. Imprint, " Williamsburgh : 
Printed by William Rind, at the New Printing-Oflice, on 
the Main Street. All Persons may be supplied with this 
Gazette at 12/B. per Year." At the end of the first year, 
" Published by Authority " was omitted in the head of the 

This paper was published by Rind until his death, which 
happened on the 19th of August, 1773. Clencientina Rind, 
who was his widow, continued it after he died ; and to her 
succeeded John Pinckney, who also died soon after, and 
the Gazette was discontinued. 

NxWSPAFSBSk — YlMtttUi. 165 

Virginia Gazette. 

This Gkkzette was first published in April, 1776, and 
continued weekly, on Satordaj, by John Clarkson and 
Augostine Davis, at ^WHliamsbnrg, several years. 

NtiU. — A paper was printed at Norfolk in 1776, by John Hunter Holt» 
whose press was canied off by a Britiili foroe landed from war BhipBi In the 
hsrbor, Sept 80. See 4 JTbm'tulfvMwt.nx, 847,988, 1061.— JK 

166 History of Printing in America. 


The establisliment of three newspapers had been at- 
tempted in North Carolina before the revolution. One of 
these, after the first trial , was discontinued for several 
years, and then revived. Another was published only 
three years, between 1768 and 1768, and dropped. The 
third was begun about 1770, and this, as well as the first, 
was published when the war commenced.^ 


The first paper published in the colony was printed at 
Newbern, under the title of 

The North Carolina Gazette. 

With the fireflieft Adricet, Foreign and Domeitick. 

No. 1 appeared in December, 1755, printed on a sheet of 
pot size, folio, but often on half a sheet. It was published 

1 In LossiDg*s FiM Book of the Bevolviion^ n, 800, ed. of 1860, we read thai 
James Davis brought the first press into this state from Virginia, in 1749, 
and printed the first edition of the acts of the assembly ; that the first pe- 
riodical paper was called the North Carolina Magazine^ or UniverBol IntetU- 
gencer^ which was printed on a demy sheet, in quarto pages, and was filled 
with long extracts from t^^eological works and British magazines. Mr. 
Lossing's account of early printing in this state differs materially from that 
of Mr. Thomas. — M. 

Newspapeks. — North Cabouna. 167 

weekly, on Thursday. Imprint, " Newbern : Printed by 
James Davis, at the Printing-Office in Front-Street ; where 
all persons may be supplied with this paper at Sixteen 
Shillings per Annum : And where Advertisements of a 
moderate length are inserted for Three Shillings the first 
Week, and Two Shillings for every week after. And 
where also Book-Binding is done reasonably." 

This paper was published about six years, after which it 
was discontinued. 

On the 27th of May, 1768, it again appeared, numbered 
one, and enlarged to a crown sheet, folio ; the imprint, 
after the title, was : " Printed by James Davis, at the Post- 
Office in Newbern." The price of Advertisements, and 
the paper per annum, the same as in 1755. It was con- 
tinued after the commencement of the war. 


A newspaper was published in this place about the year 
1704. I am not certain respecting the title of it, but if I 
recollect aright, it was 

The Cape- Fear Gazette and fVilmington Advertiser} 

A small cut of the king's arms was in the title. This 
Gazette was printed on a sheet of pot, on pica and long 
primer types, by Andrew Steuart, who styled himself 
" Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty." It was 
discontinued before or during the year 1767. 

* Mr. Lossing says it was called the North Carolina Gazette and Weekly 
Post Boy ; that the first number was printed in September, 1764. — M. 

168 History of Printixo in Ahsrioa. 

The Cape^Fear Mercury. 

*' Quod veram ttque decens curt et rogo, et Omnii in b§c Sunu^ 

The Mercury was first published October 18, 1769.* It 
was printed weekly, on Friday, on paper of crown size, 
with pica and long primer types. A cut of the king's 
arms was in the title. The imprint was long and singular, 
viz: "Boyd's Printing-OflBce in Wilmington, Cape-Fear, 
where this Paper may be had every Friday at the Rate of 
16 s. a year, one half to be paid at the time of Subscribing, 
or at 8 s. every six months. Subscriptions for this Paper 
are taken in by Gentlemen in most of the ac^acent Counties, 
and by A. Boyd, who has for sale sundry Pamphlets and 
Blanks; Also: Epsom and Glauber Salts by the lb. or 
larger quantity. N.B. Advertisements of a moderate 
Length will be inserted at 4 s. Entrance, and 1 s. a Week 
Continuance : Those of an immoderate Length to pay in 

This paper was badly printed ; and although destitute of 
system in the arrangement of its contents, it was, I believe, 
continued until 1775. 

1 Lossing says, Oct. 1767. 

Newspapers. — South Carolina. 169 


The publication of a newspaper was not attempted in this 
colony till the year 1732. 


The first newspaper published in the Carolinas, made its 
appearance in this city January 8, 1731-2, printed by 
Thomas Whitmarsh.* It bears the title of 

The Soutb-Carolina Gazette. 

Containing the frefheft Advices, Foreign and Dome(ticlc. 

'< Omne tulit punctumy qui miscuit utile dulci. 

Lectorem deUctandoy pariterque monendoy HoK. 

It was published on Saturdays, through that year, and, 
as circumstances required, on a sheet or half sheet of paper, 
pot size, but soon after was discontinued, on account of the 
sickness and death of its publisher. See Appendix M. 

* There is an indication that Eleazer Phillips, Jr., printed the first paper 
in Charleston. We learn from King's Newspaper Pre^a of Cliarleston, that 
Phillips died in July, 1732, and that his father advertised nearly two years 
after, for settlement of debts due the former for six months subscriptions 
to the South Carolina Weekly Journal, a paper which is not named in any 
of the early records of the press, and of which no other tracer can be found. 
It will be seen by reference to the first volume of this work, p. 340, that 
Phillips was the first printer in the colony. — M. 

II] 22 

170 History of Printing in America. 

Imprint, " Charies-Town : Printed by T. Whitmarsh, at 
the Sign of the Table Clock on the Bay. Where Adver- 
tisements are taken in, and all Persons may be supplied 
with this Paper at Three Pounds * a Year." 

The South Carolina Gazette. 

After the Gazette published by Whitmarsh had been 
discontinued some months, another paper with the same 
title was, in February 1734, begun by Lewis Timothy. 
This gained a permanency. It was published weekly, on 
Saturdays, printed on a half sheet of paper of pot size, but 
sometimes on a whole sheet, and often on a type as large 
as english, and at other times on long primer. Price 155. 
currency, per quarter. 

Timothy died about the year 1738, and the paper was 
continued by his widow for a short time, with the aid of her 
son. The son, in 1740, published it on his own account. . 
His imprint was, " Charles-Town : Printed by Peter Timo- 
thy, in King-street, where Advertisements are taken in. 
Price 15s. a Quarter." Some years after, it was printed 
" in Broad-Street." 

The size of this Gazette was enlarged from time to time, 
until the year 1760, when it was printed on a sheet of the 
size of medium, four columns in a page ; and a cut of the 
king's arms was added to the title. The day of publication 
was changed to Monday ; but it seldom made its appear- 
ance on that day. No mail was then established between 
the southern and northern colonies, and the Gazette 
depended on the arrival of vessels from distant ports for 
supplies of intelligence. The publisher often waited 
several days for arrivals ; but the Gazette dated Monday 
was always issued within the week. 

' Equal to two dollars. 

Newspapers. — South Cabolina. 171 

The publication was interrupted a few weeks in 1765, at 
the time the British stamp act was to take place. The 
Gazette had a large number of advertising customers ; and 
it was ably conducted. It supported the cause of the 
country, and energetically opposed the measures of the 
British administration. 

In 1772, this Gazette was printed by Thomas Powell, 
who continued it two or three years, at Timothy's printing 
house. Powell, during this time, accounted to Timothy, 
the proprietor, for a certain proportion of the proceeds. 

About May, 1775, the Gazette was discontinued ; but it 
was revived by Timothy in April, 1777, when the title was 
altered to The Quzetie of the State of SoiUhr Carolina. Timothy 
conducted this paper until the cily was about to be sur- 
rendered to the British in 1780, when it was agwi sus- 
pended, and the publisher became a prisoner of war. 

After the restoration of the cily, Timothy being dead, 
his widow, Anne Timothy, revived the Gazette, and from 
December, 1782, published it twice a week, on Monday and 
Thursday, until her death, which took place in 1792. 

On the death of Anne Timothy, the Gazette was pub- 
lished by her son, Benjamin Franklin Timothy, who soon 
took a partner, and the Gazette appeared under the title of 
Hie Sovih'Carolma State Gazette, and Timothy and Mason's 
Daily Advertiser. " Printed at the corner of Bay and Broad 
Streets." When the partnership of Timothy and Mason 
was dissolved, the Gazette was printed by B. F. Timothy 
until 1800. In that year the publication of it finally ceased. 
B. F. Timothy died in 1804. 

[See Peter Timothy, i, 342 ; Thomjos Powell, i, 345.] 

1 Peter Timothy Marchant, great grandson of Lewis Timothy, was in 
1S07 and 1808, one of the members of tlie house of Marchant, Willington 
& Co., editors of Ths CharlesUm Courier. 

History op Printing in America. 

The Soutb-Carolina and American General Gazette. 

This paper was first published in 1758, hy Robert Wella. 
It was printed on a medium eheet, four columuB in a page ; 
the day assigned for the publication was Friday, but al- 
though BO dated, it did not regularly appear, but was at 
times delayed several days; it waa published, however, 
without intermission once in a week. It had a cut of the 
king's arms in the title; and, some time after its first pub- 
lication, the following motto from Horace was adopted: 
"NuUius addictuB jurare in verba magistri," Imprint, 
Charlestown: Printed by E. "Wells and G. Bruce, for 
Robert "Wells, at the Great Stationeiy and Book-Store on 
the Bay." 

After this Gazette had been printed a fewyears by "Wells 
and Bruce, the connection between them was dissolved, 
and "Wella printed and published the paper in hiB own name, 
a short intermission excepted when the stamp act of 1765 
was to have taken effect, until 1775. Wells being a royal- 
ist he went to England soon after the war commenced, and 
this Gazette was continued by his son John "Wells until 
1780, when the city fell into the possession of the British ; 
on which event the paper was discontinued, and John 
printed a Royal Gnzclte. "Very few original essays ap- 
peared in The South Carolina and Ainerican General Gazette; 
but while it was published by the senior Wells, the Intel- 
ligence it contained wue jmliciously selected, and method- 
ically arranged, and it had a large share of advertisements; 
'or which reason it was often accompanied by an additioDal 
lalf sheet. 
After the younger Wells became the editor, it supported 

le cause of the country until about the period when it was 


New^^slfebs. — South Cabolika. 173 

The South Carolina Gazette^ and Country journal. 

Contaimng the frefbeft Advices, both Foreign and Domeftick. 

This paper was established in opposition to the British 
American stamp act, Kovember, ITGS, and was published 
without stamps about the time the act was to have taken 
eflfoct The title bore a cut of the king's arms. Tuesday 
was the day of publication, and it was printed on a sheet of 
demy, foliOy from a new bourgeois type. It was often ao- 
ccmpanied by ahalf sheet supplement. Imprint, ^^ Oharles- 
Town : Printed by Charles Crouch at his OfSlce in Eliotb- 
Street, Comer of Gkulsden's Alley." 

The general opposition of the colonies to the stamp act 
induced the public to patronize this Gkzette. It imme- 
diately gained a large list of respectable subscribers, and a 
fuU proportion of advertising customers. 

Of the three newspapers printed at that time in Charles- 
town, this only appeared regularly, on the day it was dated. 
These papers were all entitled Gazettes, in order to secure 
certain advertisements, directed by law to be " inserted in 
the South Carolina Gazette." 

Crouch published his Gazette till he died in 1775. His 
widow continued it a short time, but it finally ceased. 

174 HiSTOET OF Printing in America. 


The Georgia Gazette, 

Was first published on the 17th of April, 1763, printed 
on a new long primer type, on a foolscap sheet, folio, two 
columns in a page, and contiuned weekly, on Wednesday. 
JDnprint, " Savannah : Printe<l by James Johnston, at the 
Printing- Office in Broughton-Street, where Advertisements, 
Letters of Intelligence, and Subscriptions for this Paper, are 
taken in. — Hand-Bills, Advertisements, Ac., printed on the 
shortest Notice." After a few years, it was enlarged and 
printed on a sheet of crown size. 

The publication of this Gazette was for some time sus- 
pended, like tliat of several others on the continent, when 
the British American stamp act was to take place in 1765 ; 
but it waa, at the end of seven months, revived. It reap- 
peared in May, 1766 ; and, lu September of that year, a cat 
of the king's arms was introiluced into the title. It waa 
again suspended for some time during the war. The Ga- 
zette was published twenty-seven years by Johnston, and 
continued by his successors. It was the fixst and only 
newspaper published in the colony, before the revolution. 



■ »■ ^ 


In Febmaiy, 1781, the first newspaper printed in Ver- 
mont was published at Westminster ; it was entitled. The 
Vermont OazeUe or Oreen Mountain Post-Boy. Motto — 

" Pliant as Beeds, where streams of Freedom glide; 
Krm as the Hills, to stem Oppresmon's Tide. 

It was. printed on a sheet of pot size, and published 
weekly, on Monday, by Jndah Paddock Spooner and Timo- 
thy Green. Green resided in Kew London, and Spooner 
eondncted the Gazette, which was continued only two or 
three years. 

In 1810 there were not less than fourteen newspapers in 
this state, which forty years before was an uncultivated 

After the establishment of peace, the settlement of the 
uncultivated country progressed with a rapidity unparal- 
leled, perhaps, in history. The press seems to have fol- 
lowed the axe of the husbandman ; forests were cleared, 
settlements made, new states were formed, and gazettes 
were published. 


A Gazette was first published in this state in Septem- 
ber, 1786, by John Bradford^ in Lexington. Another news- 

History of Printing in America. 

paper Wiis aooii after printed at Frankfort. Others speedily 
followed in various towns. 


In 1793, H. Roulstone, from Massachusetts, settled at 
Knoxville ; and, in that year, first published The KnoxviUe 


Printing was introduced into this state at Cincinnati in 
1795, by S. Freeman^ Son; and they published a newspaper. 
A second newspaper was published at that place in 1799. 
Then a press was established at Marietta, from which was 
issued The Ohio Gazette; and, there are now (1810), other 
newspapers published in the state ; particularly two or 
three at Chillicothe,' 


A press has been established at Natchez, and a newa- 
paper published. 

' T/ie Ohio Pttriet, a newspaper pnbtulicil in 181 1, contains the following 
remark, " Tliu progress uf populaiion in Uic stale of Ohio is truly Astonish- 
ing. LargcdisirlclsofcountO'.osWmlingliiuidredB of miles, over which 
one of lUe editors wandered tliirtecn years ago, amid ilie gloom of ths 
groT<«, witlioul viewing ' tiie human face divine,' oicept in theperaoiu 
of bis military compaDioD3,orthesoiitary Indian liunCer, are now covered 
with iwpuIouB lowua, in several of whicli newspaiiera are published." 

T^r i . 

Ncttspapebs. — Louisiana. 177 


Several newspapers were pnblished in the cily of New 
Orleans, immediately after the country was purchased by 
the government of the United States. 

There is now (1810), a press at St Louis, in Upper Lou- 
isiana, at the confluence of the Missouri and Mississippi 
rivers, at which a newspaper is printed. 


Mainb. The first paper printed in this state is said to have been esta- 
blished at Falmouth in 1785 for &e purpose of advocating a separation 
from Massachusetts. It was about the size of a sheet of foolscap, and 
was made up principally of extracts &om other papers, giving dates a 
fortnight or three weeks old from Boston and New York as the latest in- 
telligence. The printer, whose name is not mentioned, was living in 

MicmoAN. It is stated in the Catholic Almanac of 1871, that Gabriel 
Richard, a French Catholic priest, was the first person that undertook 
printing west of the AUeghanies. He printed a paper called the E%9ai du 
Miehiganm 1809, which seems to have given offense to the British autho- 
rities, by whom he was imprisoned. There were undoubtedly earlier 
printers west of the AUeghanies. 

Illinois. The lUinoU Herald^ the first paper in that state, was begun 
at or before 1809, by Matthew Duncan, at Easkaskia. It passed soon after 
under the name of Illinois InteUigencer^ and was removed to Yandalia. 

Mississippi. A paper is said to have been established at Natchez in 
1808, but nothing authentic is found concerning it. 

Missouri. A paper is reported to have been printed at St. Louis, called 
the OazeUe in 1806. 

Iin>iANA. The Western Suriy the first paper in this territory, was begun 
at Vincennes in 1808. 

Wisconsin. The Oreen Bay Bepublican was printed by W. Shoals in 
1831 or 1832. 

II] 23 

178 History of Printing in America. 

ARKAK8A& The first paper in this state is supposed to liaye been issued 
in 1834, at Little Rock. 

Iowa had a paper at Burlington in 1836. 

Texas. The Oalvegtan Star was commenced in 1884 

California. It was not till 1848 that a paper was b^gtm on a small 
sheet at San Francisco, called AUa CaXtfomia. 

Oregon. A paper called The Freeman was begun at Columbia in 1847. 

Minnesota. S. Randall began to publish The BegUter at St Paul in 
1849.— M. 




This colony continneB to be a part of British America. 
The settlement of tiie chief town of the colony, Hali&z, 
commenced in 1749, at the e^ense of the British govem- 
meot. The first press estahlished in the province was 
in 1760. 


Soon after the commencement of the settlement of this 
town, printing wae introduced, and a newspaper published 
with the title of 

The Halifax Gazette. 

It first appeared in January, 1752, and was printed 
weekly, on half a sheet of foolscap paper, by John Bushell, 
fi-om Boston. The circulation of the Gazette was in a 
great measure confined to the town, which was then a 
mere garrison. After a trial of some months the publica- 
tion of it was for a long time suspended ; at length it was 

180 HisTOKY OF Printing in America, 

revived, but not issued at regular periods till about the 
autumn of 1760 ; which was soon after Bushell died. 

Anthony Henry commenced the republication of this 
Gazette in 1761. His first paper was marked No. 1, and 
a cut was placed at each end of the title ; the one on the 
right appeared to be designed for a fowler pursuing game ; 
that on the left was a ship. He continued to print it 
weekly, on Thursday, in a very indifferent manner, and 
with few customers, until 1765, when the British stamp 
act was enforced in the colony.^ It was then printed on 
stamped paper. Not more than seventy copies were issued 
weekly from the press. The subscribers did not amount 
to that number. The Gazette had been printed on a half 
sheet; but after the stamp act went into operation, it ap- 
peared on a whole one, because there was only one stamp 
on a sheet. Not more than six or eight reams of stamped 
paper, of the sort appropriated to newspapers, had been 
sent from England for the colony ; the whole of which 
came into the possession of Henry, and in a few weeks it 
was expended ; or rather the stamps were, unknown to him, 
by the assiHtance of a binder's press and plough, cut from the 
paper ; and the Gazette appeared without the obnoxious 
stamp, and was again reduced to half a sheet. The im- 
print when printed on a stamped sheet, was — " Halifax, 
(in Novii-Scotia) ; Printed and Sold by A. Henry, at his 
Printing-OfHce in Saekville-Strcet, where all persons may 
be supplied with a whole Sheet Gazette, at Eighteen Shil- 
lings [three dollars and sixty cents] a year, until the pub- 
lisher has 150 Subscribers, when it will be no more than 
Twelve Shillings, Advertisements arc taken in and inserted 
as cheap as the Stamp- Act will allow." 

* The stamp act took effect in Nova Scotia, Canada and the Floridaa, 
on the continent; and in the islands of Jamaica, Barbadoes, Antigua and 

Newspafeks. — Nova Scotia. 181 

Id 1766, another newspaper was pnbliBhed in the place, 
handBomely printed and well edited; but Henzy, after a 
short 8iu{)enBioD, contdnaed his Gtazette. In 1770, the 
other paper was discontinaed ; and, in consequence thereof, 
Henry obtained an accession of costomers. He placed the 
king's arms in the title of the Gazette, which he altered to 
The Nova Seo^ GhzetU and the Weekly CHrmdele. The size 
of the paper was enlarged, and the l^^pogrtiphj was mach 
improved. The publication ceased in 1800, on the death 
of the printer. 

The Nova Scotia Gazette. 

This paper was first published August 15, 1766. It was 
handsomely printed, weekly, on a crown sheet, folio, on a 
new long primer type. The day of publication waa Thurs- 
day. Imprint, "Hali&s: Printed by Robert Fletcher, 
and Sold by him at his Shop near the Parade; where all 
Sorts of Prioting is executed neatly, correctly and e^e- 
ditiously. SubscriptionB received at Twelve Shillinga ' a 
Tear, or Three Pence a Paper. Advertisements of a 
moderate Length inserted at Three Shillings* each," 

This Gazette was printed until 1770, when the publisher 
who came from England, returned to that country, and the 
paper was discontinued. 

No other newspaper was published in Nova Scotia till 
after the war commenced. 

'Two doUaiB and forty c«n(s. 
» Sixty cenls. 

182 History of Printing in America. 


Only one newspaper was published in Canada before 
1775. In 1791, this territory was divided, and another 
province formed, distinguished by the name of Upper 
Canada. There are now (1810) several newspapers printed 
in that part which is called Lower Canada, and one or 
more in the new province. 

The S^uebec Gazette^ La Gazette de §luebec^ 

Was first published in January, 1765, printed in Eng- 
lish and French, on a sheet of foolscap, folio, but after- 
wards enlarged to a crown size, two columns to a page, 
the first in English, the second, contiiining the same mat- 
ter, in French. A very handsome cut of the king's arms 
appeared in the title. It was published weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Imprint, " Quebec ; Printed by BrowTi & Gilmore, 
at the Printing-Oflice in Parlour-Street, in the Upper 
Town, a little above the Bishop's Palace. Advertisements 
of a moderate Length (in one Language) inserted at five 
Shillings, Halifax, the first Week, and one Shilling each 
Week after ; if in both Languages, Seven Shillings and 
Six Pence, Halifax,* the first Week, and half a Dollar each 
Week after.*' Then followed an imprint in French of the 
same import. 

' One shilling Cfiual to twenty conU*. 


"■Ecf/^i-i""'-'' '^^^^''-ir^'s:"" ■■ -■■■■■ 

Nkwsfafkbs. — Canada. 183 

The Gazette was discontinued a short time on account 
of the stamp act, in 1765. 

In 1774, this paper was published by William Brown 
only, the senior partner, at his printing house *^ behind the 
Cathedral Church." After the death of Brown, it was 
continued by his nephew Samuel KeUson, who died, and 
was succeeded by John Neilson, "in Mountain-street," 
who now (1810), continues the Gazette. 


A newspaper in the French language entitled Guzette du 
Commerce et Litieraire^ Pour la VUle et District de Montreal^ 
was first published in that city, June 8, 1778, by Fleury 
Mesplet & Charles Berger. It was printed on half a sheet 
of crown, quarto, with a new bourgeois type. Imprint, 
" Montreal, Ohas. F. Mesplet & 0. Berger, Imprimeurs et 
Libraires." The partnership did not long exist ; in Sep- 
tember following, the title was altered to " Guzette Litte- 
raire^pourla VUle, #^-/' and published by Mesplet only, 
who continued it until he died. Le Roi succeeded Mes- 
plet, and published the paper a short time. Edward Ed- 
wards, after the death of Le Roi, conducted it until the 
year 1808, when it was discontinued. 

Other newspapers have been published since 1775, in 
Quebec and in Montreal ; some of which have attained a 
permanent establishment. 

A Gazette has lately been established at York, in 
Upper Canada.^ 

* The Canadian Antiquarian <fi Numismatic Journal of October, 1872, 
has an article on " The first printing establishment of Montreal," in 
which the first newspaper is called La OazetU de Montreal" — H. 

184 History of Printing in America. 


NewspaperB were not printed in this province until the 
year 1783 ; two or three then issued from the presses of 
those printers who, during the war, were with the British 
army in New York, &c., but who, when peace was esta- 
blished, left the United States and settled at St John, the 
chief town of New Brunswick. I do not know of more 
than one Gazette now (1810) published in the province. 



A printing press was established on ibis island about 
1720 ; and within one or two years after a newspaper was 
published at Kingston. 

The Weekly Jamaica Courant. 

This paper was published at Kingston as early as August, 
1722, and as late as 1755, on a sheet of demy, folio ; but 
the exact time at which the publication commenced or 
closed, I cannot ascertain. 

The Kingston Journal. 

The Journal was published weekly, on Saturday. In 
1756, it was printed on a sheet of medium, folio, by 
Woolhead; and, in 1761, by WoolHead, Gad and Bennett, 
" Printers to the Hon. Council in Harbour-Street." 

The Jamaica Gazette. 

This Gazette made its appearance as early as 1745. In 
1760, it was printed weekly, on Saturday, on medium, 
folio. John Walker, one of the proprietors, died in 1786. 

C. S. Woodham had a printing house in Kingston in 
1756, and published an Almanac and Register annually. 

II] 24 

186 History of Printing in America. 

The Sf. "J ago Intelligencer. 

The Intelligencer was firat " printed at St. Jago de la 
Vega,'" about 1756, and was published weekly on Satur- 
day. In 1768, Lawry and Sherlock were the printers of 
it, the size medium, folio. " Price per annum Thirty Shil- 
lings, currency, and Two Pistoles sent by post to any part 
of the island." 

The Cornwall Chronicle, and 'Jamaica General 


The Chronicle first issued from the press May 29, 1773 ; 
and wfta published weekly, on Saturday, " at Montego-Bay," 
by Sherlock k Co. The size was medium, folio. In 1781, 
and &om that time to 1806, it was printed by James Fan- 
nin; who died in England in 1808. 

The Royal Gazette. 

This paper firat came before the public in 1778. It was 
published by Douglas & Aikman until 1784, when it was 
"Printed by Alexander Aikman, Printer to tlte King's 
Most Excellent Majesty, at the King's Printing-Office in 
Harbour-Street, Kingston." The royal arms were in the 
centre of the title, and it was very handsomely printed on 
a medium sheet, quarto. 

I have mentioned this paper although the publication 
commenced after 1775, in order to mark the devotion of it 
to royalty ; the printer was no republican. In May, 1786, 
he advertised in llie Moyal GazeUe, The Boyal Almanack, 
The Royal Register, and Thi Royal Sheet Almanack; *' all 

' ColnmbuB was crealiTd diiko of Bt Jago, and marquis of the island of 
Jamaica,— SL Merjft nui, of Si. Domiiigo. 

Newspapers. — British Islands. 187 

printed at the royal press, and sold at the King's Printing- 
Offiee in Kingston." 

David Douglas, a Scotchman, was manager of the Ame- 
rican theatre before the revolution ; * and after the com- 
mencement of hostilities, he came to Jamaica. He was a 
scholar, and a man of talents and integrity. Here he was 
patronized by the governor, and appointed with Aikman 
printer to the king, in Jamaica, a lucrative oflBce ; he was 
also appointed master in chancery, and commissioned as a 
magistrate. It has been said, that in a few years he ac- 
quired, with reputation, by these offices, a fortune of twenty- 
five thousand pounds sterling. He died in Spanishtown 
in 1786. 


Printing was introduced to this island as early as 1780, 
and a newspaper was first published in 1731. There was 
no other press in the Caribbce islands for several years 
subsequent to that period. 

David Hakry. It is supposed that Da\ad Harry was the 
first who opened a printing house on the island. He served 
his apprenticeship, as we have elsewhere mentioned, with 
Keimer at Philadelphia, and succeeded him in business ; 
but he left that city, and removed to Barbadoes with his press 

* The revolutionary war closed the theatres on this part of the conti- 
nent. The players were few in number, and formed only two companies 
under the management of Douglas and Hallam. Douglas was for some 
years the principal manager both on the continent and in the West Indies. 
In 1758, he, with his company, called The American Company of Come- 
dians, performed for the first time at New York in a sail loft, on Cruger's 
wharf, to an audience said to have been very brilliant. The theatres be- 
fore 1775, were temporary wooden buildings, little better than bams. The 
first play publicly perfonned in New England, was by Douglas and his 
company at Providence, Rhode Island, in 1762. 


History of Feinting in AstERicA. 

about the year 1730. At Bridgetown, Harry found Keimer,- 
and obtained hia assistance in the printing house ; so that, 
as Dr. Franklin remarks, " the master became the journey- 
man of his former apprentice." 

Business, it seems, did not suit Harry better in Barba- 
does than in Philadelphia ; on tlie contrary, he became 
more dissipated, and his profits from printing were not 
equal to his expenditures. In a few months he sold hia 
printing materials, and returued to Philadelphia. 

[&e vol. I, pp. 240-41.] 

Samuel Keimer, to whom Benjamin Franklin was seve- 
ral years a journeyman in Philadelphia, removed from that 
city to this island. He sold his press and types to Harry 
before he left Philadelphia. Harry then sold them to 
Keimer, as baa been stated, who resumed business, and 
published a newspaper at Bridgetown in 1731, entitled, 

The Barbadoes Gazette. 

This was the first newspaper published in the Caribbee 
islands, and the first known to have been published twice 
a week, for any considerable time, in any part of America. 
This, however, finally became a weekly journal. It was 
continued by Keimer until the end of 1738; and ho soon 
after died. The Gazette was publiwhed many years after 
his death by those who succeeded to his business. 

In 1733 Keimerwas presented by the grand jury of the 
island for publishing, in the Barbadoes GiazettG, a defama- 
tory libel on Mr. Adams, one of the king's couacil. The 
attorney general, on that occasion, declared that there waa 
not anything in the publication complained of, which could 
justify a prosecution under the criminal law, yet Keimer 
was bound to keep the peace during six months.' 

'Poypr's Hifloryqf Barbadoot. 

• " 

Newspapers. — British Islands. 189 

A work was published in London in 1741, in two vol- 
nmes quarto, chiefly selected from this Gazette, entitled, 
Oaribbeana; a OoUection of JEssaySy ^., "from a paper 
carried on several years at Barbadoes." 

Franklin has informed us that Eeimer was a poet I 
have met with one of his poetical essays in the Barbadoes 
Mercury, and insert it as a specimen of his poetical talents, 
and for the information it contains respecting the encourage- 
ment given in his time to the typographic art by the colonial 
government on this continent. It is as follows : 

Fiwn theBarbadoi GaaetU of May 4, 1734 


** The Sorrowful Lamentation of Samuel EIsimeb, Prmier of ike 

Barbados Oazette. 

What a pity it is that tome modern Bravadoes, 

Who dub themselves Gentlemen here in Barbadoes. 

Should, Time after Time, ran in Debt to their Printer, 

And care not to pay him in Summer or Winter I 

A Saint by the Hairs of his Beard, had he got 'em, 

Might be tempted to swear [instead of P — ^x rot 'em.] 

He ne'er found before such a Parcel of Wretches, 

With their Flams, and such Shuffles, Put-offs and odd Fetches. 

If This is their Honesty^ That be their Honour^ 

Amendment seize One ; for the Lasty — Fie upon her. 

In Penn*9 i Wooden Country, Type feels no disaster. 

Their Printer b rich, and is made their Post-master ; '^ 

His Father,^ a Printer, is paid for his Work, 

And wallows in Plenty, just now at New-Yorkj 

Tho' quite past his Labour, and old as my Grannum, 

The Government pays him Pounds Sixty per Annum, 

In Maryland's Province, as well as Virginia 

To Justice and Honour, I am, Sirs to win ye, 

* Pennsylvania. 

■ Andrew Bradford, of Philadelphia. 

» William Bradford of New- York. 

190 History op Printing in America. 

Their Printer i Im sure can make it appear, 

Each Province allows two Hundred a Year, 

Bj Laws thej have made for TypograpKs Use, 

He's paid 50 Thousand Weight Country Produce. 

And if you inquire but at South Carolinay^ 

[0 ! Methinks in that Namey there is something- Divine'' Ah /] 

Like Patriots they've done what to Honor redounds, 

They gave him (their Currency) 50 Score Pounds. 

E'en T^e at Jamaica^ our Island's reproach, 

Is able to ride in her Chariot or Coach ; 3 

But alas your poor Type prints no Figure ; — like NuUoy 

Curs'd, cheated, abus'd by each pitiful Fellow. 

Tho' working like Slave, with Zeal and true Courage, 

He can scarce get as yet ev'n Salt to his Porridge. 

The Reason is plain; Those act by just Rules — 

B\U here knaves have hit htm, all MAG-abite Fools. 

George Esmand & Company. This firm in 1762 opened 
a second Printing house at Bridgetown, andbegan the pub- 
lication of 

TAe Barbadoes Mercury. 

It was published weekly, on Saturday; printed with 
long primer types, on a cro^vn sheet, folio. Imprint, 
" Bridge-Town, Printed by George Esmand and Comp. at 
the new Printing-Office, in Buck-Church-Street. Price 
one Pistole per Annum." 

The memorable stiimp act took eftect in this island in 
1765, and the Mercury was printed on stamped paper. 

In 1771, the firm was Esmand & Walker. 

George Esmand died in November, 1771, and William 
Walker in February, 1773. 

The Mercury was continued after the year, 1794. 

* William Parks, who printed for botli colonics. 
'Lewis Timothy then printed for the government of South Carolina. 
' This expression seems to imply that the printer in Jamaica at that 
time was a female. 

Newspapers. — British Islands. 


Printing was brought to this island as early as 1746, and 
may huve been introduced two or three years sooner. 
There were two printing houses established before 1775. 

Thomas IIowe. He probably was the first printer, and 
settled at Basseterre. Howe printed the laws, and did other 
work for government ; and, in 1747, published 

The St. Christopher Gazette. 

This paper was continued until after the year 1775. 
Howe was a native of Ireland, and lived to old age. 

Samubl Jones was a printer and postmaster at Basse- 
terre before 1767, and published a newspaper. He died 
in London in 1762, after an illness of eight days, of in- 
flammation of the lungs. 

Edwabd Dobson, printed after Jones, and was in buai- 
nesa after 1767, at Baaseterre. 

Danisl Thibou, had a printing house on this island in 
1769, and in that year printed the acts of aaaembly, from 
1711 to 1769. He printed several other works. 

The St. Christopher Gazette. 

A second newspaper bearing this title was published at 
Basseterre. The Gazette printed November 19, 1785, is 
numbered 693, vol. vii. It then had this imprint, " Basse- 
terre, Saint Christopher, Printed by Edward L. Low in 
Cayon-Street, No. 84." 

192 History op Printing in America. 


I cannot determine the year when printing was intro- 
duced to Antigua, but believe it was about 1748. 

I have not discovered that any press was erected on this 
island prior to the time when Benjamin Mecom opened a 
printing house, about 1748. He has been taken notice of 
in the course of this work, as a printer in Boston, New 
Haven and Philadelphia. It was at St. John that he first 
began business, and published a newspaper, entitled 

The Antigua Gazette. 

Mecom continued this publication six or seven years, 
and then removed to Boston, Massachusetts, his native 

Alexander Shipton, published the Gazette, before and 
after 1767, which was by him printed weekly, on Wednes- 
day, on a crown sheet, folio, chiefly with small pica types ; 
and had, in the title, a small cut of a basket of flowers. 

The Antigua Mercury. 

A newspaper with this title was published in 1769 ; but 
how long it was printed before or after that time, I am not 
able to say.* 

* John Mcars printed a well conducted newspaper in 8t Johns in 1779, 
and I am inclined to believe it was the Mercury. 

Newspapers. — British Islands. 



The Freeport Gazette ; or, the Dominica Ad- 

Waa firatpablished in 1765, at Roseau, by William Smith. 
It had the king's arma in the title ; and wa^ printed weekly, 
on Saturday, on a foola-cap sheet, and with new long primer 
and small pica types. 

In 1767, Smith printed The Sh'pioreck, "a poem in three 
parts : By a Sailor, addressed to hia Royal Highness the 
Doko of York. Price Two Dollars." 

In 1775, a newspaper was published in English and 
French, by Jones. 


The Royal Granada Gazette. 

This paper first appeared at Georgetown in January, 
1765, on a crown sheet, folio, printed with new small pica 
and long primer types, by William Woyland, *' at the New 
Printing-Office." It was published on Saturday and had 
a cut of the king's arms in the title. 

There were two printing houses on this island, and one 
of them was established some years before Weyland'a. 


i The R<yal Danish American Gazette. 

Was isaned from the press at Christiansted before 1770. 
Printing waa not introduced into thia island long before the 
- pabiication of the paper. 

II] 25 

194 History of Printing in America. 


The Bermuda Gazette. 

Was not published until July 1784 ; but a printing house 
had a short time before been established at St. George, by 
J. Stockdale. 


The Royal Bahama Gazette. 

I have introduced this paper, although it was not esta- 
blished till after peace took place on the American conti- 
nent, in 1783, in order to conclude the account of John 
Wells, the editor of it, who has been mentioned as a printer 
in South Carolina, who fled from Charleston when the 
British army evacuated that city. 

This paper was printed at Nassau, New Providence. 

Wells was not contented to remain on the island ; but 
had a strong desire to return to the continent, and had 
attempted several schemes to effect that purpose which 
proved unsuccessful. He was still endeavoring to arrange 
his business in such a manner as to permit him to revisit 
his native country, which he had left with great reluctance, 
when he was summoned to the world of spirits. 

He married at Nassau, and was highly esteemed for his 
many amiable qualities. 

[See South CarolmaJ] 



A commercial Gazette was published here by permiBeion, 
before the revolution in I^rance. or that on the island. In 
1790, the paper was published by Bourdon, Printer to 
the King." 

KoTB. In 1804, the prefect of Gnadalonpe forbade all American captidn 
under the penalty of |200, to hitrodnce into that colony, any newspapers, 
gazettes, or proclamations, from any part of the world whatsoerer. — Jf. 


A public paper, containing marine intelligence, the 
orders of government, etc., was published at the royal 
press at the Cape. When its publication commenced I 
cannot say, but it was continued in 1790, by permission of 
the municipality. 


" Gazette de la Marimiquey^ commenced its publication in 
December, 1784. It was printed at St. Pierre, by Pierre 
Richard, by the permission of government. 

At the commencement of the revolution in France, 
presses under no control were set up, not only in the 
mother country, but in her colonies, from which were is- 
sued public journals of various kinds. The following ap- 
peared at Martinico, viz : 



The Friend of Liberty and the Enemy of Licentiousness, 
pablished by Thounens & Vauchet in 1791. 

Gazette NaUanal and Political, from the preaa of J. B. 
Thouuens, in Swnt Pierre, Printer to the People. In 
1793, ThoonenB called himself Printer to the Oommittee of 
Safety, and to the Patriotic Society. 

Literary and Political Advertiser of Martinigue, printed in 
Port Royal by P. Richard & La Cadie. Theee printers then 
publiahed the Gazette de Martinique in Biunt Pierre. 

In Trinity, on this island, in 1792, appeared a public 
journal from the press of S. T. Z.' 

'Part of the abovo is citmcted trma the n 

B of the Key. Hr. 


The number of gazettes printed in the Spanish provinces 
cannot be ascertained. It has been mentioned that a ga- 
zette was printed at Mexico early in the eighteenth cen- 
tory;^ another was established at Lima, at an early period; 
and, it has likewise been remarked that a press was long 
dnce set up in the Spanish part of Saint Domingo,' &c. 

In May 1807, a printing house was opened with much 
ceremony at Montevideo, on the river La Plata, in South 
America, when it was in the possession of the British fleet 
and army. The first printing performed at the press in 
that place was the prospectus of a gazette. The com- 
mander in chief, the admiral, and other principal officers 
of the province were present The first sheet from the 
press was presented to the governor, the second to the ad- 
miral, and so on according to their rank. William ScoUay, 
a young gentleman from Boston, educated at the university 
of Cambridge, Massachusetts, was appointed conductor of 
the press and the editor of the gazette, for which he re- 
ceived a very liberal salary.' 

A few years later, presses were established, and gazettes 
published under the control of government, in most of the 
principal cities of Spain, in America, both on the continent 
and on the islands. A number of presses, issuing pub- 
lic journals, were also introduced by the revolutionists in 

* V6L I, page 6. 

• V6L I, page a 

' Frintioi^ was introduced into Rio Janeiro, tlie capital of Brazil, in 


History of Printing in Ajierica. 

the interior of the extensive territories of Spain on this 


Three public papers are now (1810) published at Ha- 
vana, on this island, weekly, under the titles following: 

El Aviso de la Habana, Papel Periodico, Literario-Eco- 
nomico, Aurora, Correo Politico-Economico de la Hit- 
Politico Economico-Literario de la 

These, like the Spanish and Fortagnese gazettes of Ea- 
rope, are in small qnarto, and commonly on half a sheet of 
pot or crown paper. See Appendix N. 



From the foregoing statement it appears that, from the 
time when the first public journal was published in the 
countrj, viz. in April, 1704, to April 1775, comprising a 
period of seventy-one years, seventy-eight different news- 
papers were printed in the British American continental 
colonies ; that during this period, thirty-nine, exactly one- 
half of that number, had been, occasionally, discontinued; 
and that thir^-nine continued to be issued from the seve- 
ral establishments at the commencement of the revolution. 
The papers published in the West Indies are not included 
in this computation. 

In the course of thirty-five years, newspaper establish- 
ments were, as previously remarked, multiplied in a sur- 
prising degree ; insomuch, that the number of those printed 
in the United States in June, 1810, amounted to upwards 
of three hundred and sixty, as will appear by a list of them 
ill t)ie appendix. 

A large proportion of the public papers at that date 
were established, and supported, by the two great con- 
tending political parties, into which the people of these 
states are usually divided ; and whose numbers produce 
newly an equipollence ; consequently, a great augmenta- 
tion of vehicles for carrying on the political warfare have 
been found necessary. 

I cannot conclude what I have written on the subject of 
public journals, better than by extracting the following 


200 History of Printing in America. 

pertinent observations on newspapers, from the Rev. Dr. 
Miller's Retrospect of the Eighteenth Century. 

" It is worthy of remark that newspapers have almost 
entirely changed their form and character within the 
period under review,' For a long time after they were 
first adopted as a medium of communication to the public, 
they were confined, in general, to the mere statement of 
facts. But they have gradually assumed an office more 
extensive, and risen to a more important station in society. 
They have become the vehicles of discussion, in which the 
principles of government, the interests of nations, the 
spirit and tendency of public measures, and the public and 
private characters of individuals, are all arraigned, tried, 
aud decided. Instead, therefore, of being considered now, 
as they once were, of small moment in society, they have 
become immense moral and political engines, closely con- 
nected with the welfare of the state, and deeply involving 
both its peace and prosperity. 

" Newspapers have also become important in a literary 
view. There are few of them, within the last twen^?' 
years, which have not added to their political details some 
curious and useful information, on the various subjects of 
literature, science and art. They have thus become the 
means of conveying, to every class in society, innumerable 
scraps of knowledge, which have at once increased the 
public intelligence, and extended the taste for perusing 
periodical publications. The advertisanents, moreover, 
which they daily contain, respecting new books, projects, 
inventions, discoveries and improvements, are well calcu- 
lated to enlarge and cnligbten the public mind, and are 
fc wo rthy of being enumerated among the many methods of 
^eoing and maintaining the popular attention, with 

tnUi centurf. 

Newspapers. — General Observations. 201 

'which more modem times, beyond all preceding example, 

*^ In ancient times, to sow the seeds of civil discord, or 
to produce a spirit of union and co-operation through an 
extensive community, required time, patience, and a con- 
stant series of exertions. The art of printing being un- 
known, and many of the modem methods of communi- 
eating intelligence to distant places not having come into 
use, the difficulty of conducting public afi&irs must have 
been great and embarrassing. The general circulation of 
OazeUes forms an important era, not only in the moral and 
literary, but also in the political world. By means of this 
powerful instrument, impressions on the public mind may 
be made with a celerity, and to an extent, of which our 
remote ancestors had no conception, and which cannot but 
^ve rise to the most important consequences in sociely. 
Never was there given to man a political engine of greater 
power ; and never, assuredly, did this engine before operate 
upon so large a scale as in the eighteenth century. 

" Our own country in particular, and especially for the 
last twelve or fifteen years, has exhibited a spectacle never 
before displayed among men, and even yet without a paral- 
lel on earth. It is the spectacle, not of the learned and 
the wealthy only, but of the great body of the people ; 
even a large portion of that class of the community which 
is destined to daily labor, having free and constant access 
to public prints, receiving regular information of every 
occurrence, attending to the course of political affairs, dis- 
cussing public measures, and having thus presented to 
them constant excitements to the acquisition of knowledge, 
and continual means of obtaining it. Never, it may be 
safely asserted, was the number of political journals so 
great in proportion to the population of a country as at 
present in ours. Never were they, all things considered, 
80 cheap, so universally diffused, and so easy of access." 
ul 26 


History of Printing in America. 

And never were they actaally perused by so large a 
majority of all claaeee since the art of printing was dis- 
covered. ' 

" The general effect of this unprecedented multiplica- 
tion and diffusion of public prints, forms a subject of most 
interesting and complex calculation. On the one hand, 
when well conducted, they have a tendency to disseminate 
useful information ; to ket'p the public mind awake and 
active ; to confirm and extend the love of freedom ; to 
correct the mistakes of the ignorant, and the impositioua 
of the crafty ; to tear otF the mask from corrupt and de- 
signing politicians ; and, finally, to promote union of spirit 
and of action among the most distant members of au ex- 
tended community. Bnt to pursue a path calculated to 
produce these effects, the conductors of public prints ought 
to be men of talents, learning, and \'irtue. Under the 
guidance of such characters, every Gazette would be a 
soureo of moral and political instruction, and, of course, a 
public blessing. 

" On the other hand, when an instrument so potent is 
committed to the weak, the ignorant, and the vicious, the 
most baneful cousequencea must be anticipated. When 
men of small talents, of little information, and of less 
virtue, undertake to be (as the editors of public gazettes, 
however contemptible their character may, m a degree, be 
considered) the directors of public opinion, what must be 
the result? "We may expect to see the frivolities of weak- 
ness, the errors and malignity of prejudice, the misrepre- 
sentatioDS of party zeal, the most corrupt doctrines in 
politics and morals, the lacerations of private character, 

' " Tlie estrcme chett]mesB with which newspapers arc convejed by 
ibe mail, in Ihi' Vnil«d BiateH, addud lii the circiiiu stance of their being 
■Itogetber an incumbered wllli a aUinp duty, i>r any otlicr piibKc R-etrie- 
tion, renders their drculaliou uiure uonvL-nient aud general th&n In any 

Newspapers. — General. OBSERVATioiNS. 20S 

and the pointing language of obscenity and impiety, daily 
issuing from the press, poisoning the principles, and dis- 
turbing the repose of society ; giving to the natural and 
salutaiy collisions of parties the most brutal violence and 
ferocily ; and, at length, consuming the best feelings and 
noblest charities of life, in the flame of civil discord. 

" In the former part of the eighteenth century, talents 
and learning, at least, if not virtue, were thought necessary 
in the conductors of political journals.^ Few ventured to 
intrude into this arduous office, but those who had some 
claims to literature. Towards the close of the century, 
however, persons of less character, and of humbler qualifi- 
cations, began, without scruple, to undertake the high task 
of enlightening the public mind. This remark applies, in 
some degree, to Europe ; but it applies with particular 
force to our own country, where every judicious observer 
must perceive, that too many of our gazettes are in the 
hands of persons destitute at once of the urbanity of gen- 
tiemen, the information of scholars, and the principles of 
virtue. To this source, rather than to any peculiar de- 
pravity of national character, we may ascribe the faults of 

* " This hna not been, generally, so much the case in America as in 
Europe. From the earliest period too many of our Gazettes have been in 
the hands of persons who were destitute both of talents and literature. 
But in later times, the number of editors who fall under this description 
has become even greater than formerly." 


There are few instances in which I would presume to differ with the 
ingenious author of these remarks, in opinion ; but, on this oocasion, I 
must be allowed to observe, that I conceive there are among the men 
who conduct the public journals of America, many, whose literary ac- 
quirements are not inferior to those of their predecessors. The great 
difficulty procetids from the rage of party spirit, which is kept alive by 
the frequenc}^ of elections, in which the conductors of newspapers engage 
as partizans ; and some of them, it is true, as is also the case in Great 
Britain, display a greater degree of asperity and opprobriousness than 
can be justified, which must be a subject of regret to those who are truly 
interested in the welfare of the country. 

204 History of Printing in America. 

American newspapers, which have been pronounced by 
travellers the most profligate and scurrilous public prints 
in the civilized world.* 

" If the foregoing remarks be just, then the friend of 
rational freedom, and of social happiness, cannot but con- 
template with the utmost solicitude, the future influence 
of political journals on the welfare of society. As they 
form one of the great safeguards of free government, so 
they also form one of its most threatening assailants. And 
unless public opinion (the bestremedy that can be applied) 
should administer an adequate correction of the growing 
evil, we may anticipate the arrival of that crisis in which 
we must yield either to an abridgment of the liberty of the 
press, or to a disruption of every social bond.''* 

* " These considerations, it is conceive<l, are abundantly sufflcient to 
account for the disagreeable cliaract<T of American newspapers. In 
every country tlie selfish principle prompts men to defame their personal 
and political enemies ; and where the supposed pn>v(x»tions to tliis are 
nunuTous, and no restraints are imposed on the indul|^nce of the dispo- 
sition, an inundation of filth and ealunmy must be exi)ected. In the 
United States, the; frecpiency of elections leads to a corn?8iK>nding fre- 
quency of struggle between political parties; these* struggles naturally 
eng<'nd<*r mischievous passitms, and every speci(?8 of coarse invective ; 
and, unhappily, too many of the conductors of our public prints Iiave 
neither tin; discernment, the firmn(^s, nor the virtue to reject from tlieir 
pages the foul ebullititms of prejudice and malice. Had they more dili- 
gence, or greater Uilents, they might render their gazettes interesting, by 
filling thcau with materials of a more instnu;tiv(; an<l dignified kind ; but 
wanting thesis (pialifications, th(;y must give such materials, accompanied 
with such a seasoning, as circumstances furnish. Of what kind tht^se are 
no one is ignorant." 

' The above remarks from Miller's Itetrospeci are not less applicable now 
than they were in 1810. — II. 


Uataloghb of Booksellers in the Colonies, prom the 
First Settlemekt of the Country to the Commen'ce- 


The dates of the years which precede Ihe names of the btKikscIleri, 8i>e- 
cify the earliest perioJs when they are known to liave been in business. 
TJie precise lime could not, in all cases, be BBcertnined. 


1652. Hezekiah Usher, was the first bookseller in Eng- 
lish America of whom I can find any account. Books 
formed a proportion of hia stock in trade ; and the first 
works which were published in this country were printed 
for him. OF these an edition of the New England version 
of the Psalms, small 12mo, to bind up with Bibles, claiuis 
the precedence. The imprint to that book is, " Cambridge, 
Printed for Hezekiah Usher, of Boston." The date and 
the name of the printer are omitted ; but I have no doubt 
the book had gone through three or four editions, as early 
86 the year 1652. 

Soon after the settlement of some parts of America, a 
corporation was established in England for propagating 
the gospel among the Indians in New England ; and Usher ' 

Un 1003, a respectable man whose name was Hezekiah Usher, whb nc- 
cosed of witi^licntft, in conseiguence of nbicli accusation he was ordered 
la be confined in the common prison ; but ud account of tlie goodness of 
bte character, he was, by connivance, allowed to secrete liiuiself in the 
bouse of a friend ; and, afterwards to escape out of Ibe bands of his per- 
secutors, until the delusion or madnefls of the times, in part, subsided, and 
reason i^tored the balm of trauciuility to Lbc public mind. Tbc person 
BO accused was, probably, tbc bookseller, or one of his sons. Seu Brattle's 
Letter, Sfau. Hut. Cett., 1st vol,— U. 

206 History of Printing in America, 

was agent for managing tlie pecuniary concerns between 
the corporation and the conmiissioners of the United colo- 
nies in New England, lie procured the types, paper, Ac, 
and managed the transactions relating to printing the 
Bible in the Indian language, which was in the press ironi 
1660 to 1663. Besides bookselling, he conducted a com- 
mercial estiiblishment, and acquired considerable property. 

1672. John Usiikr, the son of llezekiah. In 1672 an 
edition of the laws, revised and alphabetically arranged, 
was printed by S. Green, in Cambridge, for John Usher in 
Boston. I have seen several books printed for him since 
that time. 

An English bookseller, who was an author, and resided 
some time in Boston,' wrote thus concerning John Usher. 
" This Trader luiikes the best figure in Boston ; he's very 
Rich, adventures much to Sea; but has got his estate by 
Book-Selling; he proposed to me the buying of my whole 
Venture,^ but would not agree to my Terms ; and so we 
parted with a great deal of seeming respect." 

John Usher was treasurer of the province when Sir Ed- 
mund Andros was governor. IFe was employed by the 
government of Massachusetts, when he was in England, to 
purchase the province of Mainii from thci heirs of Sir Fer- 
dinando Gorges. Tn 1683, he became lieutenant governor 
of Xew Hampshire, which office he retained some years; 
but, during the time he resided chieily in Boston, and 
carried on his business as usual. ^'Ile was a man of un- 
polished manners, severe in the execution of his office, was 
but little of a stiitesman, and less of a courtier,^ and became 
so odious to the })eople, that they prevailed on the king 
and council to remove him.'' lie had a seat at Charles- 

ijolni Diinton. 

' A Inrgt* collifclion of hooks bought by Dunlon to sell in Boston, anno 
•» Hclknap'b Jliatory of ynn IlunpHhirc, i, p. 289. 

Booksellers. — Massachusetts. 207 

town at whicli he resided after he retired from business, 
anno 1700. 

1678. Edmund Bakobr, was a binder; but had some 
small concern in bookselling. 

1679. William Avert, " Ifear the Blue-Anchor.'* I 
have found but few books printed for him. 

1680. Samuel Phillips, "At the Brick-Shop at the 
West-End of the Town-House." Considering the infant 
state of the settlement, he was a large dealer in books ; 
many of which were consigned to him by Dunton, who 
was his fisMstor in London. He published several books 
which were printed in Boston. 

Dunton mentions Phillips as his " old correspondent ;'' 
and observes further, "On visiting him in Boston, he 
treated me with a nobl^ Dinner, and (if I may trust my 
Eyes) is blest with a pretty, obliging Wife ; PU say that 
for Sam (after dealing with him for some Hundred Pounds) 
he's very just, wid (as an Effect of that) very Thriving. I 
shall only add to his Character, that he's Young and 
Witty, and the most Beautiful Man in the Town of Boston" 
He died in October 1720, aged 58 ; and was characterized 
in the Boston Gazette, as " an exemplary Christian, an in- 
dulgent husband, a kind father and a true friend." 

The descendants of Samuel Phillips continued the book- 
selling business in Cornhill, till after the revolution. They 
traded in English goods also, as was customary with the 
booksellers in Boston for a century after the town was first 

1682. John Ratcliffe did but little work as a book- 
seller ; but I have discovered a few pamphlets which were 
printed for him. 

1682. Samuel Sewall, was a bookseller, although not 
bred to the trade. He was appointed by the government 
to the office of a magistrate ; and, in 1681, was made con- 


History of Printing in America. 

doctor of the press in Boston, with permission to carry o\ 
printing in that t«wn.' 

1682. JouN Griffin, I have seen only two books prim 
for him, and one for liira and John Ratchtfe. 

1684. Richard Wilkins, " Near the Town- 
He had been a bookseller at Limerick, in Ireland, bi 
came to New England aa an asylum from religious 
cution, and settled in Boston. 

Dunton gives the following description of him : *' Hia 
Person is Tall, his Aspect Sweet and Smiling, and tho' but 
Fifty Years old [in 1686 *] hia Hair is as "White as Snow. 
He is a Person of good Sense, keeps up the Practice of 
Religion in his Family, and {upon a Nice Search into all 
his Aflairs) I found it had a General Influence on nil the 
Actions of hia Life : He was deservedly chosen a Member 
of Mr. Willard's Church, and I think he's a Pious Man, if 
there's such a Thing in Boston." He died at Milton, 
December 10, 1704, aged 81, and was buried in Boston, 

Dunton gives the characters of Wilkins's wife and 
daughter, who were very amiable and accomplished 
women. During the eight months that Dunton carried on 
bookBelliog in Boston, he boarded with Wilkins, who did 
considerable business. When Dnnton left that place, he 
empowered Wilkins to collect such debts as were due to 
him there, 

1684, Joseph Bronnino, alias Browning, "At the 
Corner of Prison-Lane," now Court street, in Cornhill, was 
from Amsterdam; he wrote his name Brunning, or 
Browning, at pleasure. He traded largely and published 
many books, the imprints in which are inditi'erently spelled 
Brunning or Browning ; one of these being the Dutch, the 
r the English way of writing his name. 


Booksellers. — Massachdsetts. 



DuntOD meDtions him in a very handsome manner. In 
describing his visits to the various booksellers in Boston, 
after his arrival there in 1686, he thus characterizes Brun- 
ning: "I rambled next to visit J/jnAeer Brunning, he's a 
Dutch bookseller from Holland, scrupulously just, plain in 
his cloaths, and if we will believe the Printers in Boston 
(who are notable Criticks in such cases) a most excellent 
Paymaster. Brunning is vers'd in the Knowledge of all 
sorts of Books, and may well be stil'd a Complet Book- 
seller. He never decries a Book because 'tia not of his 
own printing; there are some Men that will run down 
the most Elaborate Pieces, only because they had none of 
their Midwifery to briug 'em into public view, and yet 
Bball ^ve the greatest Encomiums to the most Nauseous 
Trash, when they had the hap to be concerned in it. But 
Brunning was none of these ; for he'd promote a good 
Book whoever printed it; and I found him a Man of that 
great Interest, that I made him my Partner in printing 
Mr. Mather's Sermon, preached at the Execution of 
Morgan, who was the only person executed in that 
Country for near Seven years,'" 

1684. Ddncas Campbell, " At the Dock-Head over 
against the Conduit," was frbra Glasgow, and was, proba- 
bly, the father of John Campbell who, in 1704, was post 
master in Boston, and the proprietor of the first news- 
paper which was published in the English American 

Duoton mentions Campbell by name, as "the Scotch 
Bookseller," and says, " he is very industrious, dresses 
a la mode, and I'm told, a Young Lady of Great Fortune, 
IB M'n in love with him." 

1685. Andrew Thorncomb, from London; he was a 
bookseller in that city. I believe he, like many others for 

'Du-uU/u'tLife a 



IIisTOKT OF Printing in America. 

some yeara after the seUkment of Boston, came over with 
a quantity of books on specnlation, and having Bold thera^ 
perhaps the greater part by wholesale, returned to Europe. 

Dunton ivrites that he was acquainted witli Thorncomb 
in New England, and mentions that "his Company was 
Coveted by the beat Gentlemen in Boston, nor is he less 
acceptable to the Fair Sex ; for he has something in him 
BO extremely charming as makes 'em very fond of his Com- 
pany. However he's a vcrtuous Person, and deserves all 
the respect they shew'd him." 

1686. James Cowse. I have seen only one book printed 
for him namely " The Church of Rome, evidently proved 

1686. John Dcnton, was bom at Graifham, Ilanting- 
donshire, in England j his father was fellow of Trinity 
College, Cambridge, and rector of Gratt'ham. 

Dmiton was brought up to the bookselling huaiuesa in 
London; where he entered extensively into the trade; and 
in the course of time became a very considerable publish- 
ing bookseller. He had a general correspondence with the 
bookaellers of England, Scotland, Ireland and Boston. But 
fortime did not always smile on Dunton. He lost a large 
sum through becoming surety for his brother-in-law, and 
■was a great suilerei' by the troubles of England in 1685 ; 
insomuch that his circumstances became embarrassed. 

On the death of Charles H, James U, his brother, aa- 
cended the throne of England ; who being a great enemy 
to the duke of Monmouth, the natural son of Charles H, 
caused him to be expelled from Holland, by the prince of 
Orange ; and was the occasion of his being persecuted in 
Brnssels. Being a fa^^orite with the people, Monmouth 
was stinmlated by that consideration, and by a principle of 
revenge, to make an attempt to detlirone James, and place 
the crown of England on his own head. He landed in 
Englaiiil, raised a small army, which was defeated, and 

Booksellers. — Massachusetts. 



\ beheaded in consequence of this rebellion. Hifl 
s fled ; and Dnnton, being one of these fiigitiveB, 
escaped to Boston, where the sum of five hundred pounda 
sterling — a considerable object in the deranged state of 
his circumstances — was due to him ; and Iiis design in 
going tliere waa to collect his debts. The management of 
hia affairs in London lie intrnsted to his wife, who, accord- 
ing to his own account, was a moat excellent woman, and 
he had a great atfeetion for her. lie embarked on board a 
ship then lying at Gravedend, and took with him hooka 
suitable for the Boston market to a large amount. He put 
others to the value of live hundred pounds sterling onboard 
another vessel, destined to the same port. The ships were 
overtaken by foul weather, before they cleared the British 
cliannel. That which bore the consignment waa lost, but 
the other, in which Dunton had embarked, weathered the 
storm. After a tedious passage of more than four mouths 
duration he arrived in Boston, Dunton had taken the pre- 
caution of procuring letters of recommendation to the most 
eminent clergymen in Massachusetts, and to the principal 
gentlemen in Boston; in conseiiuence of which he was 
kindly received and politely treated on his arrival. He 
procured a warehouse where he exposed his books for sale, 
and found a good market for them. At the expiration of 
seven or eight months he had a considerable number of 
books unsold; but he opened a store in Salem, where .he 
soon disposed of the same. 

During Dunton'a residence in Boston, he visited the 
governor, lieutenant governor, the principal magistrates, 
4c., and dined with them in the town hall, on the day 
of election. He paid his respects to all the clergy, in 
and about Boston, Dr. Increase Matlier, the Rev. Cotton 
Mather. Mesai-s, Willard, Allen, Eliot, Iligginson, of fSalem, 
and many other ministers. Dr. Mather he calls the " me- 
tropolitan clergyman of the country," When he had sold 

212 History op Printing in America. 

oft' his books, he took leave of his friends, and returned 
to England. 

On his arrival there he was apprehensive of a prosecution, 
for which reason, after remaining some time incognito, he 
went to Holland, Germany and Ireland. A revolution 
having been efteeted in England, in 1688, Dunton returned 
to London, and recommenced business on the very day the 
Prince of Orange arrived in that city. Dunton again 
launched forth into extensive business; and published 
many works, among which were some that were periodical. 
The Athenian Gra^etic, which was afterwards denominated 
The Athenian Mercury, was continued several years, and 
the editors of it, among whom Dunton was the prin- 
cipal, were highly complimented in poetical and prosaic 
essays, by Gildon, Motteux, De Foe, Richardson, and the 
celebrated poet laureat, N. Tate, who was concerned in a 
version of the Psalms, which is well known in America. 
His other periodical works were The Post^AngeUj and The 
Night Walker, 

As a kind of drawback on Dunton's fame, I ought, 
perhaps, candidly to mention that he had the misfortune 
to be introduced into Pope's Dmiciad^ where the present 
of the goddesrt Dulness to Curl is represented as 

" A shag^' tapestry, worthy to be spread 
On CodniH* old, or Dunton's niotleni bed." 

The note of the Scriblerus Club, on this passage, runs 
thus, ** John Dunton was a broken bookseller, and abusive 
scribler ; he writ Neck or Nothing, a violent satire on some 
ministers of state; a libel on the duke of Devonshire, and 
the bishop of Peterborough, &c." 

In justice to Dunton I must observe, that this severity 
was, perhaps, wholly unmerited, and produced solely by 
a difference of opinion ; as the works which the club calls 

'Book II, V. 144, &c. 

Booksellers. — Massachusetts. 213 

libeU might be strictly conformable to truth, and probably 
met the applauae of those who thought like Donton. 

During hia second run of business Dunton lost hia wife ; 
and married another, whoso fortune, though considerable, 
was not payable till a younger brother came of age. After 
ten years of success in business, the tide again turned, and 
through losses in trade, and other misfortunes, Dunton 
again became embarrassed. On this occasion he pressed 
hia wife's mother to enable him to pay his debts, but 
could uot prevail, although he thought to enforce compli- 
ance, by abstaining from the usual intercourse with his 
wife. To these means he added entreaty and argument ; 
but they proved equally ineffectual; and Dunton, who 
fonnerly wrote for profit and fame, was now obliged to 
write for his daily subsistence. At this period, anno 1705, 
he published The Life and Ei-rors of John Diinton, late 
Gtizen of London ; Wrillen by Himself in Solitude. He gives 
an account of his voyage to Boston, of his business there, 
and of his travels in Holland and Germany. He charac- 
terizes upwards of a thousand persons then living, among 
whom were the booksellers of most note in Boston, many 
of the clergy and other eminent persons he visited, or with 
whom he was acquainted, together with several of his 
male and female customers, in and about " the metropolis 
of New England;" after which he proceeds to the authors 
for whom he published, all the printers, binders, engravers 
on wood and copper, whom he bad employed, and the 
company of stationers in London; and, he concludes with 
the most conspicuous of his London customers. He was 
an adept in writing of this kind, and appeared to engage 
in it with peculiar pleasure and ease. In this work there 
is a singular mixture of humor, anecdote and religion, and 
H is, perhaps, a true picture of the mind and disposition of 
the author. At the conclusion of it he observes, " could 
I not compose a few sheets for the press, I might now 

214 History op Printing in America. 

starve ; but it is well known that in the course of a few 
years I shall be able to pay all I owe to a half farthing." 

Dunton had a patent from king William and queen 
Mary, for the sole printing and publishing an English 
translation of The History of the Edict of NantZy in four 
volumes. During the life of his first wife he made a will, 
and appointed her sole executrix, and desired her to bury 
him the seventh day after fiis cleathj and not before^ lest he 
should come to life, as his mother had done on the day 
appointed for her funeral. This circumstance, respecting 
his mother, he relates at the beginning of his -L(fe, &c. 
Having been sick, she, to all appearance, died. "After 
lying three days, her friends were about to put her into a 
Coffin for interment, when to their astonishment she 
revived from the trance in which she had fallen, and was 
thus mercifully restored; in a year after she dy'd in 

Dunton was a man of a singular character. He appears 
to have been a complete, enterprising bookseller; and was 
sensible, humorous and reli<^ious. 

1()90. Nicholas Buttolpii, " Next to Quttridge's Coftee- 

I have discovered many books which were printed for 
him. He carried on business about fifty years, and was a 
man of respectability. On the 21>tli of January, 1737, he 
died, considerably advanced in years. 

IGOO. JiKNJAMrN Elliott, " Under the Exchange, Head 
of King-Street." He was largely concerned in publishing 
books, among which were the laws of the general court; 
and he was a noted dealer in books which were printed in 
Boston. He was about fifty years in business ; and died 
November 9, 1741, aged seventy-six years. 

1G90. Bknjamin llAKias, had a bookstore " at the Lon- 
don C/ortee-irousc," two or throe years; but removed to 


Booksellers. — Massachusetts. 215 

** The Sign of the Bible over against the Blew-Anchor, 

He had been a bookseller and printer in London, and he 
printed and published several books during his residence 
in Boston ; ^ where he remained five or six years. He re* 
turned to England, and followed printing and bookselling 
in London. 

1690, Obadiah Gill, was but little known as a dealer in 
books. I have seen only two pamphlets which were printed 
for him. 

1690. Jambs Wadb. I have found a few pamphlets with 
flie imprint, " Boston, Printed for James Wade,** which is 
all the intelligence I can procure concerning him. 

1695. Michael Perry, " under the West-End of the 
Town House," ' was a publisher as well as a vender of 
looks, and did considerable business. 

1695. Vavasour Harris, "opposite the Old Meeting* 
House, in Comhill," was a short time in the business. 

1699. Elkanah Pbmbroke, " near the Head of the Dock." 

1700. Samuel Sewall, junior, was the son of Samuel 
Sewall, who was appointed conductor of the press, and was 
authorized to print in Boston. I do not find that he was 
largely in trade. 

1701. Nicholas Boone, " at the Bible in Cornhill." In 
1704, when The Boston News-Letter made its first ap- 
pearance, it was printed by B. Green, and published by 
Boone, for John Campbell, the proprietor of it, who was 

Boone was an eminent bookseller, and many books, 
written in America, were published by him. 

1711. Eleazar Phillips, " at the Sign of the Eagle in 
Newbury Street," afterwards " at the Lower-End of King 

* See Printers in Boston. 

* The present old state house was built on the site of the town house. 


History of Printing in Ameeica. 

Street;" and, in 1715, he removed to Cbarlestown, near I 
BoBton. He was the only bookseller who had settled m [ 
that town prior to the revolution ; bat never embarked I 
largely in trade. One of his sons established the first press j 
in South Carolina; and died there in 1732, soon after he 
began printing. Some time after the death of his son, 
Phillips went to Carolina: and after remaining there a few 
months he returned to his business in Massachusetts. 

Li 1750, Phillips published in the Boston Evening-Post, 
a short address to the public, in which he recommended 
tiie raising of silk worms in New England. He stated that j 
when he resided in Carolina, he was informed by a silk , 
weaver that " only one crop "could be raised there in a 
year ; that he had made an experiment with eggs which he 
brought from Philadelphia, and found that he could raiae 
two crops, annually, in New England. The advantage 
he attributed to the climate, which he supposed was more 
favorable to the growth of the mulberry, than thatof South 
Carolina, which he thought too warm to produce food so 
nutricious and congenial to worms a« that raised in more 
temperate regions. Where vegetation is less rapid, and 
the leaves longer in coming to maturity, they do not ripen 
and decay so speedily aa in Carolina. Uia advice doea * 
not appear to have been regarded. 

Phillips lived to the age of upwards of seventy-five 

1712. Joanna Perry, " King-Street, near the Town- 
House." She was the widow of Michael Perry, and after 
hia death continued the business several years. Some 
pamphlets were printed for her. She died September 19, 

1712. Samdel Gebrisu, " at the Sign of the Buck in 
Marlborougb-Street," but in 1716, "North Side of the 
Town-House." He published a number of small hooka, 
and seems to have carried on considerable trade. 

Booksellers. — Massachusetts. 217 

1718. Daniel Hekchman, " Cornhilly Corner of King- 
Street, opposite to the Old Brick-Meeting-Houae." 

Henchman was the most eminent and enterprising book- 
seller that appeared in Boston, or, indeed, in aU British 
America, before the year 1775. He furnished much em- 
ployment for the presses in Boston ; and several books 
were printed for him in London, which were sent over in 
sheets. He was principally concerned in an edition of the 
Bible, and another of the New Testament, which were 
printed privately in Boston.^ Henchman built the first 
paper mill in fTew England ; in doing which he received 
aid from the legislature of Massachusetts. During his 
long connexion with the trade he acquired a handsome 
estate. He was made a justice of the peace; a lieutenant 
colonel of the Boston regiment of militia ; afid, finally, 
was made a deacon of the Old South church. He died 
February 25, 1761, aged seventy-two years. 

1716. Gborob Brownbll, lived at " the North End," 
and advertised that he taught "Writing, Cyphering, 
Navigation, also Musick and Dancing." And he sold 
books also. I Lave seen an Almanack which was printed 
for him ; but he was very little knowu as a bookseller. 
He removed to Philadelphia. 

1717. GiLLAM Phillips, " over against the West-End of 
the Town-House." He was neither largely nor long in 
the trade. I have seen only two small works printed for 
him. A considerable fortune was left to him, and he 
retired from business. He died October 18, 1770, aged 
seventy-five years. 

1719. Benjamin Gray, at the " Head of Town-Dock," 
published several books, among which was a pamphlet, the 
publication whereof brought on him a prosecution on 

' Vide vol. I, p. 107. 

II] 28 

218 History op Printing in America. 

the part of the government, as appears by the following 
record of the proceedings of the council, viz. : 

"At a Council Held at the Council-Chamber, in Boston, 
on Thursday the 28th day of February, 1720 [i. e. 1721, 
new style.] 

"A pamphlet, entituled, a letter to an Eminent Clergy- 
Man in the Massachusetts-Bay ; being produced at the 
Board, was Read and considered, and Unanimously Voted, 
That it contains in it many Vile, Scandalous, and very 
Abusive Expressions, which greatly reflect on His Majesty's 
Government and People of this Province, and tend to dis- 
turb the Publick Peace. 

" At the same time Benj. Gray of Boston, Bookseller, 
who Sold the said Pamphlet, being Sent for. Acknowledged 
that he had caused the same to be Printed, And that the 
Original in manuscript was delivered to him by an un- 
known Hand, upon Saturday the Eighth Currant, at Nine 
a Clock at Night. 

^^ Advised, That the Attorney-General be directed to 
Prosecute in the Law, the said Benj. Gray, or any other 
Person that may have been concerned in the making or 
Publishing the said Pamphlet. 

" Ilcsolvod, That the foregoing Votes be printed in the 
Weekly Papers. , j ^y.^^^^^ g^^^ „ 

I am not perfectly acquainted with the result of this 
affair, but I believe it was terminated by a compromise. 

Gray, though not a very considerable bookseller, was 
many years in trade, and worked at bookbinding, lie 
died January 7, 1751. 

1719. JoHx Edwards, " King-Street." I can learn but 
little respecting him, further than that he published a few 

1720. KoHKiiT Staukkv, " Fleet-Street," was from Lon- 
don. Whilst in business in that city, he published a book 

Booksellers. — Massachusetts. 219 

containing reflections on the British government ; and fled 
to Holland to avoid a proaecation, Atter the prince of 
Orange ascended the English throne he returned to Bug- 
land, and continaed his husiness in London several years ; 
he also made a voyage to Boston ; but did not go largely 
into trade there. How long he remained in New England 
I cannot ascertain. It is said he was a man who possessed 
ranch information, and was a zealous aaaerter of English 

1723. Joseph Edwards, " Oornhill," was a very respecta- 
ble, and a considerable publisher, bookseller and binder. 
He continued in business more than forty years, 

1723, N.\TUANiEL Belknap, "Head of Scarlet's "Wharf, 
North End." He bound booka, but did not go largely 
into the sale of them. 8ome small pamphlets were pub- 
lished by him. 

In April, 1730, he published in the Boston papers the 
following advertisement ; " To be Sold, Choice black Mold 
for Gardens, &c. at a very reasonable rate, By Mr. Nath. 
Belknap, Bookseller, at the North-End of Boston." 

1723. Samuel Robinson, was born in Dorchester, and 
served his apprenticeship with Boone. He sold some 
books, but his principal business was that of a binder. He 
died at the age of eighty-five years, in February, 1771. 

1724. John Checkley, was I believe, an Englishman, 
and of the high church party. He published and sold a 
pamphlet, containing 132 pages, octavo, entitled " A Short 
and Easie Method with the Deists. Wherein the certainty 
of the Christian Religion is demonstrated, by infallible 
Peotif from Four Rules, which are ineompatMe to any 
Imposfure that ever yet has been, or that can possibly be." 
The imprint to the book was, "Printed in London, by J, 
Applebee, and sold by John Checkley at the Sign of the 
Crown and Blue-Gate, over-against the West-End of the 
Town-House, in Boston, 1723." Checkley was prosecuted 


220 History op Printing in America. 

at the inferior court in Boston, anno 1724, for publishing 
and selling this pamphlet, which wa« called " a false and 
scandalous libel, tending to draw into dispute his present 
majesty's title to the crown — scandalizing tlie ministers of 
the gospel, established by law in this province — falsifying 
the Uoly Scriptures — representing the church of Rome as 
the present mother church ; and tending to raise divisions, 
jealousies, and animosities, among his majesty's loving 
subjects of this province." Checkley was convicted, and 
appealed to the superior court, in which the jury gave the 
following verdict : 

" The Jury find Specially, viz. If the Book entituled 
a Short and Easy Method with the Deists, containing in it 
a Discourse concerning Episcopacy, (published, and many 
of them sold by the said Checkley) be a false and scan- 
dalous libel ; Then we find the said Checkley guilty of all 
and every Part of the Indictment (excepting that supposed 
to traduce and draw into dispute the undoubted Right 
and Title of our Sovereign Lord, King George, to the 
Kingdoms of Great-Britain and Ireland, and the territo- 
ries thereto belonging.) But if the said Book, contiiining 
a discourse concerning Episcopacy, as aforesaid, be not a 
false and scandalous Libel ; Then we find him not guilty. 

"Atf- Samiicl Tyley, Clerk." 

An able plea in arrest of judgment, was made by his 
counsel ; after which Checkley addressed the court, and 
in the same handsome manner and style in which he had 
before addressed the court and jury, he maintained that 
the church of P^ngland, as established in England, and no 
other, was established in all his majesty's plan tjitions — 
that no minister was lawfully appointed, but he who was 
ordained by a bishop — and he gave it as his opinion, that 
prosbyterian and congregational ministers, so called, were 
no ministers, and that they and their congregations were 



scLiematics, and excommunicated by the laws of the land ; 
or rather by the canons of the chnrcb of England, which he 
said were a part of the laws of the land. The sentence of 
the court was as follows : 

" The Court having maturely advised on this Special 
Verdict, are of Opinion tliat the said John Cbeckley is 
gnilty of publishing and selling of a false and scandalous 
Libel. It's therefore considered by the Court, that the 
said John Cbeckley shall pay a Fine of Fifty Pouuds to 
the King, and enter into Recognizance in the sum of One 
Hondred Pounds, with two Sureties in the Sum of Fifty 
Pounds each, for his good Behaviour for six Months, and 
also pay costs of prosecution, standing committed until 
this Sentence be performed. 

"Atf- Samttel Tyky, Clerk." 

Clieckley paid the fine and costs of court the next day, 
according to the sentence, and was discharged. Sometime 
after he went to England, and there received episcopal 
ordination, lie returned to New England ; was many 
years rector of St. John's church in Providence ; and was 
highly esteemed for bis learning and many amiable quali- 
fications. "WTietber he was a regular bookseller or not, I 
am not prepared to say ; I have seen no book printed fur 
bitn in America, 

1725. Jons Phillips, " Stationers'-Arms, Corn-IEIl," 
was the son of Samuel Phillips, and succeeded him in 

Besides a considerable trade as a publishing bookseller 
and binder, he was a dealer in English goods, according 
to the custom of those times. 

During several yeara, Phillips was engaged in the service 
of the public, as a magistrate, a colonel of the Boston mili- 
tja, a member of the general court and a deacon of the 

222 History of Printing in America 

church in Brattle street. He died April 19, 1763, and was 
buried with military honors. 

1726. Bennet Love, " in Anne-Street, near the Bridge." 
His principal business appears to have been binding ; but 
some pamphlets were printed for him. 

1727. Samuel Kneeland, " in King-Street, next door to 
the Post-Office." He kept a bookstore four or five years 
at that place ; but during the remainder of his life he at- 
tended wholly to printing. 

1726. Thomas IIancock, " Anne-Street, near the Draw- 
Bridge ;" was the son of the Rev. John Hancock of Lex- 
ington. After being in triide a few years as a bookseller 
and binder, he turned his attention to merchandize, in 
which pursuit he acquired a very handsome fortune, and 
became one of the principal commercial persons in New 

In process of time he became a member of the lower 
house of assembly, and was afterwards a member of the 
council. His disposition was naturally benevolent, and 
his religious and political senitmeiits were liberal. 

I believe he served his apprenticeship with Daniel 
nonchman, whose daughter he married. By his last will 
he bequeathed 1000/. sterling to Harvard College, for the 
purpose of founding a professorship of the Hebrew* and 
other oriental languages ; also 750/, sterling to an incor- 
porated society for propagating the gospel among the In- 
dians, in Xorth America; and 450/, sterling to the town of 
Boston, towards building an hospit^il for the reception of 
lunatics. As he hud no children, he bequeathed the greater 
part of his estate to his nephew, the late governor John 
Hancock. He built the large stone house near the State 
House, where he lived ; and after his death it became the 
n^rtidonce of his nephew the governor. 

On llie 1st of August, 17G4,aHhewas entering the coun- 
cil c-haiiibor, he was attiicked by a fit of apoplexy, and died 
in two hours, a seed 02. 

' CD 

Booksellers. — Massachusetts. 


1727. Nathaniel Pboctoe, "At the Bible and Dove 
in Anne-Street," born in Boston; was a bookseller and 
binder, and published a few pamphlets. 

Jle married a woman who was supposed to have been a 
widow; but a short time after bia marriage, the former 
husband of his wife returned after an absence of ten or 
twelve years, and claimed ber. This event occasioned 
mtioh embarrassment; but tbe parties baviug left tbe so- 
lution of tlie difficulty to the wife, she decided in favor of 

He died suddenly, December 8, 1766. 

1728. John Eliot, "At the Great Elms,' South-End," 
was said (o be a descendant of the Rev. John Eliot, of Rox- 
bury, wbo translated the Bible into the Indian language. 

He published a tew books, and was, many years, a book- 
seller and binder, but his concerns were not extensive. 
However, he acquired some property; and being a respect- 
able man, was made deacon of the church in llollia street. 
He died, November, 1771, aged 81. 

1729. Alfoud BuTLEit, " Lower-End of King-Street, near 
the Crown Cott'ee-Houae, at tlie head of the Long-Wbarf." 
He was born in Boston, and served bis apprentieesldpwith 
Henchman. His principal business was binding, but he 
published and sold a few books. He died in 1742, aged 46. 

1730. HopESTiLi. Foster, did some business as a book- 
Beller, but it was very inconsiderable. 

1730, TRANriH Sktnner, "At his shop in Fisb-Street 
near Hal sey 'a Wharf," afterwards "at Pope's Head, Cor- 
ner of Prince-Street," was not long in business nor much 
known as a bookseller. 

' One of tJicse eltait alood in tlie yard, froiitiug Eliot's liouae, and was 
nfterw&rdB called Tlie Tree of Liberty, occasioned by ilie effigy of the 
puTBOD appointed distributor of the siainps in Boston, and that of lord 
Bute, being bung thereon in 170i5. This strong method adopted by llio 
people, of eipreasing llicir dialike of the obnoxioiiB stamp act, must liuve 
liad an influence in producing that alate of the public mind which brouglit 
aboDt the revoluUon. 



History of Printing in America. 

1731. John Pembertos, " School Street," waa born in 
Boston. lie was the son of the Rev, Mr. Pemberton the 
elder; und brother of the Rev. Ebenezer Pemberton, of ' 
the new brick church, formerly bo called, in Middle street. 
He was an apprentice to Robinson ; but was chiefly era- 
ployed in binding. He died about 175^. 

1732. Richard Fry, an Englialiman, resided a few years ] 
in Roston ; and was probably concerned in the paper mill | 
then lately erected at Milton, which wiis the on!j one in < 
Massachusetts. I cannot ascertain whether Fry ever had 

a shop of his own in Boston, or made use of that belonging . 
to Fleet altogether. The principal discoveries I have made 
concerning him are comprised in the following advertise- i 
ment, which was published In The Rehearsal, May 1732. 

" Ricltard Fry, Stationer, Bookseller, Paper Maker and 
Rag Merchant from the city of London, keeps at Mr. Tho. , 
Fleet's Printer, at the Heart and Crown in Cornhill, Boston ; 
where said Fry is ready to accommodate all Gentlemen, 
Merchants and Tradesmen, with Setts of Accompt Books ] 
after the neatest Manner. And whereas it has been thd 
common Method of the most curious Merchants in Boston, 
to procure their Books from London. Tiiis is to acquaint 
those Gentlemen, that I the said Fry will sell all Sorts of 
Accompt Books done after the most acute Manner, for 
Twenty per Cent cheaper than they can have them from 
London. I return the Public Thanks for following the 
Directions of my former Advertisement for gathering Rags, 
and hope they will Continue the like Method, having re- 
ceived upwards of Seven Thousand Weight already. 

" For the pleasing Entertainment of the Polite part of 
Mankind, I have Printed the most beautiful Poems of Mr. 
Stephen Duck, the famous Wilfc^hire Poet It i.-* a fnll 
Demonstration to mc, that the People of Kcw England 
have a fine Taste for good Sense and polite Learning, hav- J 
iiig already Sold 1200 of those I'ooms. 

lik-h. Fiy." 



1733. T. Cox, "At the Lamb, on the South-Side of the 
Town-House," was a bookseller from England, who kept 
a good Bupply of English editions, principally of such 
books as were vulaable, and suitable for the market. He 
generally resided in London, and hia buHineaa was trans- 
acted hy an agent. He discontinued his bookstore in 
Boston, anno 1744 ; and the remains of his stock in trade 
were sold by »u<^tion. 

1733. Jons BovDELL, " In Ejng-Street" He came from 
£ngland in 1716, with Governor Sliute, to whom he was 
Secretary ; and being afterwards appointed postmaster, he 
was for many years proprietor and publisher of The 
Bosfon Gazette. Boydell was greatly esteemed. He died 
in December, 1739. [See Hist, of Newspapers.'] 

1735. John Parker, "Head of the Town-Dock," sold 
cutlery, groceries, and some books. He died in 1738. 

1736. WiLLUM Gray, " Milk Street." 

1736. MicHABL Dennis, Head of Scarlet's Wharf [after- 
wards Hancock's], Nortlt-Eud," was, during several years, a 
respectable dealer in books and stationery ; he published 
some works, and was concerned in the binding business. 
Hedied July 12, 1763. 

1739. Charles Harrison, " Over against the Brazen- 
Head in Cornhill," was born, and brought up a book- 
binder, in England. He settled in Boston as a bookseller 
and binder; and published Ersldne's Gospel Sonnets, with 
other works of a similar description. He joined the expe- 
ditioD which went from Boston against Louisburg, in 1745, 
and died soon after he returned. 

1740. Benjamin Eliot, " South End." 

1740. Samdel Eliot, " Corn-Hill," published a number 
of pamphlets, which were written in New England ; he was 
a con«derable bookseller, and was also a binder and sta- 
tioner. Ho died May 9, 1745, aged 32. His widow ear- 

II] 29 

226 HiSTORT OF Printing in America. 

ried on the business ; and his son Samuel Eliot, became 
an eminent merchant. 

1743. John Eliot, "At the Great Elms," was the son of 
John Eliot who for many years did business at the same 
place. Some books printed for John Eliot the younger 
have this imprint : " for J. Eliot, near the South-Market* 
He lived to an advanced age. 

1743. Walter MacAlpine, "Near the Mill-Bridge," 
afterwards " in Union-Street near the. Town-Dock." He 
was from Scotland, and was a bookseller and binder. He 
removed to Connecticut and died there. 

1743. Nathaniel Gookin, " Cornhill." 

1743. JosuuA Blancuard, " Sign of the Bible and Crown 
in Dock-Square," was an enterprising but not a successftil 

Blanchard was one of the original proprietors and pub- 
lishers of 2'he American Magazine^ which was first pub- 
lished in 1743 ; and was concerned in other publications. 
He was a dealer in English editions, in stationery, &c., but 
finally he confined his trade solely to English goods. 

1743. Alexander Carlisle, A Scotchman ; served his 
apprenticeship in Gla.sgow; he came from that place with 
a collection of books ; sold them chiefly at auction, and 
returned to Scotland. 

1745. Daniel Gookin, "Over against the Old-South." 
He was a descendant of Gen. Daniel Gookin, one of the 
first appointed licensers of the press, anno, 1662. 

Gookin was not largely in trade ; he died January 3, 
1752, after an illness of only two days. I am of opinion 
he had a son who was named after him, and succeeded 
him in the same shop, which was the next door north of the 
house huilt for the residence of the royal governors, and 
now belonging to the state. 

' At that time IIkto wltc three market houses in Boston; one near the 
(ireat ehns ; one in Doek sciuare, and another in Old North square. 

Booksellers. — Massachusetts. 227 

1745. Thomas Rakd, " Cornhill, near the sign of the 
Three Nuns," afterwards " in Anne-Street" He was by 
trade a binder, but sold stationery and some books. 

1746. Joshua Winter, " Union-Street," acquired some 
property as a bookseller, stationer and binder. Winter 
was a very pious, upright man. He died in December, 

1749. John Amory, "Union Street," followed book- 
selling and binding a few years ; and was afterwards an 
eminent merchant in company with his brother, under the 
firm of Jonathan and John Amory. 

1758. Thomas Lbtbrett, "Cornhill," was a very re- 
spectable bookseller, binder, stationer, and dealer in Eng- 
lish goods. He died June 28, 1778, aged 46. 

1758. William MacAlpine, " Marlborough-Street," bro- 
ther to Walter MacAlpine, was bred to binding, &c., by his 
brother ; and became a considerable bookseller. In 1762, 
he set up a press, and entered into the printing busmess. 

As MacAlpine was a royalist, he left Boston with the 
British troops in 1776 ; soon after which he returned to 
Scotland, and died at Glasgow, anno 1788. 

1754. Caleb Blanchard, " Dock-Square," was a brother 
to Joshua. He was originally a dealer in books, but be- 
came an importer of English goods. 

1755. Timothy White, " MarshalPs-Lane," and other 
situations in Boston ; sold small books ; but was chiefly 
employed about plain binding. He did very little business 
of any kind. During the siege, he remained in the town ; 
and aft^erwards removed into the country, where he died. 

1757. Samuel Webb, "Anne-Street," was born in Boston, 
where he served his apprenticeship with Henchman. He 
carried on bookselling and binding a number of years, but 
not to a very considerable extent. He died January 29, 


228 History op Printing in America. 

1758. Jkkemy Condy, " Near Concert-Hall," aftc 
" in Union-Street, opposite the Sign of the Con 
kept a supply of valuable books, chiefly English e 
and stationery. 

He received his education at Harvard College, a 
a man of learning and respectability; and ministei 
First Baptist Church in Boston. He died in Augus 
aged 60. 

1760. William Lanu, " at the Gilt Bible, Mai 
Street." He came from Scotland, and was brougl 
binding, which business he followed in Boston, \ 
companied it with bookselling. His sales were chie 
fined to Scotch editions of school and religious bools 
died in Boston before the year 1775. 

1761. John Wharton, "Cornhill, Corner of King-J 
opposite the Old Brick Church. He and Nicholas 
begim business in company under the firm of Wh« 
Bowes. They succeeded Daniel Henchman, whose 
which had been occupied numy years as a book a 
tionory store, with his stock, they took possess 
Their business was no^ so extc>nsive as that of theii 
cessor, particularly in the publishing linp ; very fcv 
were printed for them, as they confined tliemselve 
cipiilly, to trading in English editions. 

Wharton died in January 1768, aged 34. 

Bowes continued the business till he died, in Apr 

1762. John Hodgson, " Marl borough-Street," w 
to bookbinding in Scothmd, and became a good wo 
He was chietiy employed in this business, but sob 
books. By permission of the court, he took, in shor 
the trial of the soldiers who were concerned in the 
ere at Boston, on the evening of the 5th of March 
He gave up his shop in 1768, and was employed b 
Mcin. Afterwards he sold small books from a stal 
niJirkc't place. He died about the year 1781. 



Booksellers. — Massachusetts. 229 

17C2. Philip Feeemas, " Union Street" He was an 
Englishman, who had been brought ap a glover and 
breeches maker, which trade or trades, he followed in Bos- 
ton, and was a dealer in what is called soft leather. In 
the course of time be began to keep a small collection of 
books for sale, and had several pamphlets printed; these 
were on religious subjects. lie was punctual in his deal- 
ings, well respected, and was made a deacon of the First 
Baptist Church. He died in April 1779, aged 77. 

1762. James Rivisdtok, "at the London Book-Store, 
bead of King-Street." He was an Englishman, and a con- 
siderable bookseller in London. He never resided in Bos- 
ton; but employed an agent, who opened a valuable 
collection of books printed in England, for sale. Atler 
Riviugton failed in London, he went with a large quantity 
of books to Philadelphia; and afterwards settled at New 

1762. JoHS Pekkins, " Union-Street," served his ap- 
prentaceship with Joshua Winter, and alter his death took 
hia stand and business. 

17ti-3, William Miller, was born in Scotland, and there 
brought up to bookselling. He went to London, whence 
he was sent by James Rivington, in 17(52, to Boston, with 
a valuable collection of books. Miller acted as agent to 
Rivington one year ; when he became his partner ; and 
the firm was, " Rivington & Miller, at the London Book- 
store, head of King-Street, North Hide of the Court House," 
At this period Rivington lived in New York. Miller was 
B young man of amiable manners, and was well acquainted 
with the trade. He died in November 1765, and the busi- 
Oess was discontinued. 

1763, William PniLLlPS, " Cornhill," was the son of 
John Phillips, and succeeded him in business. Being 
bred a merchant, he turned his attention to the sale of 
English goods. He died January 6, 1772. 

230 HisTOHT OF Printing in America. 

1764. Alpord Butler, " Coruhill," waa the son of Alford 
Butler who lias already been mentioned. He was born in 
Boston, where he served his apprenticeship with William 
MacAlpine, and became a binder and sold a few books. 
In 1774 he removed to Porteraouth, New Hampshire, and 
tl)ere kept a school near twenty years, after which he re- 
turned, and again carried on business as formerly. 

1764. Andrew Barclay, " at the Bible in Cornhill," 
from Scotland, was bred to binding, and followed that 
business several years after ho arrived in Boston, He sold 
a few books, 

1764. Jons Mein, waa from Scotland, and began busi- 
ness as a bookseller, in partnership with his countryman 
Sandeman, "in Marlborough Street." Their sales were 
wholly confined to Scotch and English editions ; and their 
partnership closed at the CKpiratioQ of one year. 

In 1766, Mein kept the " London Book-Store North Side 
of King-Street," where he opened a large and valuable col- 
lection of European books, and a handsome assortment of 
stationery. As he sold for a reasonable profit, his trade 
became extensive. He commenced printing in partnership 
with John Fleming; reprinted several books, and pub- 
lished The Boston Chronide, of which he was the editor. 

Mein was a staunch royalist ; the publications in the 
Chronicle rendered him very obnoxious ; in consequence 
of which be returned to Europe in November 1769 ; his 
bookstore was then closed ; and the Chronicle discontinued 
in 1770, 

1764. Sandeman, " Marlborough-Street," came from 
S«)tland in 1764, in company with his uncle, the cele- 
brated preacher and founder of the sect called Sandemao- 
ians. Mein, the partner of Sandeman, came in the same 

1766. Cox ASD Berry, first opened a shop "opposite 
Brattle- Street Chnrch," whence they removed to " two 


Booksellers. — MAssAcnusETis. 231 

doors above the British Coffee-Hoase," and, afterwards to 
" Comhill." Edward Cox and Edward Berry, copartners, 
were from London ; thej were dealers in English books, 
and traded very largely in jeweleiy. After the commence- 
ment of the war, they removed to New York. 

1767. Joseph Smsllihq, " Fish-Street, Corner of Board- 
ed- Alley." He was a hinder, and sold school books and 

1767. John Edwabds, " Comhill," was the son of Joseph 
Edwards, and had a concern in the bneinese with his &ther 
a few years. He died March 9, 1778, aged 25. 

1768. Jambs Foster Cohdt, " TTnion-Street," was the 
son of Jeremy Condy, whom he succeeded, and. kept a 
good sapply of English editions, &c. for sale. During the 
-war he removed to Haverhill, where he kept school; and 
died in June, 1809. 

1770. John Lanodoh, " Comhill," served his appren- 
ticeship with Wharton and Bowes ; he began business with 
a good assortment of books ; sold stationery, and carried 
on binding. He relinquished business after the beginning 
of the war. 

1771. Henry Enox, " Coruhill," served his apprentice- 
ship with Wharton and Bowes, binders and booksellers. 
Heopeuedalarge store with a valuable collection of books, 
&c. The war changed hira from a bookseller to a soldier. 
He joined the army, and continued in it during the war ; 
and, on account of his good conduct, and superior military 
talents, was promoted by Congress to the rank of major 
general. He was also made secretary at war before and 
after the adoption of the present constitution. He died at 
Thomaatown, in the district of Maine, October 25, 1806. 

1771. A. Ellison, '* Newbury-Street," was bom in Eng- 
land, and brought up to binding ; which business he fol- 
lowed in Boston, and sold a few books i 

HisTORr OF Printing in Amebica. 

After living iu IJostoii throe or four years, he removed to 

The chief of the printing done in Cambridge and Boston, 
previously to the year 1750, was for booksellers ; printera 
difl but little on their own account. Even the laws, acta, 
Ac, of the government were printed for booksellers. The 
books printed during a century, in New England, were 
nearly all on religion^ politics, or for the use of schools. 

Booksellers' Meeting, 1724. 

The booksellers of Boston, in 1724, had a meeting for 

the purpose of augmenting the prices of sundry books; an 

addition to the prices was agreed on; but, I believe not 

generally adopted. 

CAMBRIDGE, Mahsacuusetts. 

1641. Hesby Ddsster, the first president of Harvard 
college, sold such books aa were sent from England by 
Joseph Glover. 

1650. Samdel Green, the second printer at Cambridge, 
sold school books, versions of the Psalms, and some other 
religious works, principally such as were printed at bia 

CHARLESTOWN, Massaculsetts. 
1715. Eleazar Phillips, removed from Boston to that 
place. He was a dealer iu books, which were printed in 

New England. 

1760. Bl'lkelev Emersos, was a binder, and sold a few- 
books. He was the only one of the trade who did busi- 
nesfl in that place before 1775. The office of post muster 

wae held by him many years. 

Booksellers. — Massaghusetts, etc. 233 


1686. John Dunton, opened a store, and sold a quantity 
of books which he brought from London. He retomed to 

176L Mascol Williams, was a binder, and traded prin- 
dpally in school books, and stationery. He was postmaster. 

These are all the booksellers who lived in Massachusetts 
previous to the war, or at least they are all concerning whom 
I have been able to make any discoveries. 

PORTSMOUTH, New Hampshibb. 

1716. Elbazar Russell, sold books, principally such as 
'were used in schools. 

The laws of New Hampshire were printed in Boston, 
smno 1716, ^^for Eleazar Bussell at his shop in Ports- 
mouth." He died in May, 1764, aged seventy-three years. 

1757. Daniel Fowle, kept a very small stock of books 
for sale, but never paid much attention to bookselling. 

Before the revolution there was not a bookstore of any 
note in New Hampshire. 

1770. William Applkton, served his apprenticeship in 
Boston, and sold books in common use. He died a few 
years after he settled in Portsmouth. 

NEW HAVEN, Connecticut. 

1743. J. Pomeroy, bookseller, and postmaster. 

1749. Samuel Cook, imported and sold some English 
books, but did not continue long in business. 

1756. James Parker & Co., printers, dealt, in a small 
way, in books and stationery. 

1759. John Hotchkiss, sold merchandise of various 
kinds ; and dealt somewhat largely in books, supplies of 
which he received from New York. 

II] 30 

234 HiSTOHT OP Pkihtdig in Amehica. 

176S. BsNEDicT Abnold. well known afterwards aa a 
major general in the American army, and as deserting tho 
cause of his country, combined the bookselling busmesa 
with that of a druggist, and was in the trade from 1763 
to about 1767 ; he imported books from England. 

1768. James Lockwood, dealt largely in books until about 
the year 1775. 

1768. Isaac Ebeks. A respectable bookaeller. He died 
in August, 1813. 

1726. Solomon Smith, was a bookseller and druggist 
from 1763 to about 1775. 

NEWPORT, Rhode Island. 
1760. 0. Camfdell, bookseller and postmaster. 

1762. Andrew Oliphant, a Scotchman of good edu- 
cation. He was an acquaintance of the poet Thomson, 
author of The Seasons. He resided hut a few years in 
Providence and then removed to South Carolina. 


1743. Catharine Zenqer, sold pamphlets and some arti- 
cles of stationery. 

1747, RjDBBBT Cbommelin, " near the Meal-Market ;" he 
was from Scotland, and became a dealer in books, and in 
English and Scotch goods. 

HuiiH Gaine, " at the Bible and Crown in Hanovep- 
Square." He was from Ireland, where he had been brought 
up a printer. He came to New York about 1745, and 
worked as a journeyman about six years in Parker's print- 
ing house ; first, at 9s. currency (one dollar and an eighth) 
per week, and found himself; and attcrwards he had a 


BooKSELLEHs. — New York. 235 

small allowance for board. Hia economy was such tliat 
from these wages he contrived to lay up money ; having 
accunmlated the sum of seventy-five pounds, he found a 
friend who imported for him a press and a few types, the 
cost of which exceeded the sum he had saved about one 
hundred dollars. With these materials he opened a prints 
ing house, and by pei-aevering industry and economy was 
soon enabled to discbarge the debt he had contracted for 
his press and types, and to open a book store. Eventually 
he acquired a large fortune. 

1761. Garrat Noel, "near the Meal Market," after- 
wards " next door to the Merchant's Coffee-House," lie 
was a publisher, and dealt largely, for a bookseller of that 
time, in imported books and stationery. After he had 
been in business a number of years, Ebenezer Hazard be- 
came his partner, under the firm of Noel & Ilazard. 

1761. RiviNQTON & Brown, " Ilanover-Squaro," After 
a. lapse of several years this partnership was dissolved, and 
the business was continued by 

Jaubs RrviNDTON, who dealt largely in books and sta- 
tionery. He commenced printing in 1773. 

1765. John Holt, " Broad-Street, near the Exchange ;" 
hia principal business was printing, but he sold books seve- 
ral years. 

1768. Nicholas Booart, "near Oswego-Market," sold 
Dutch books, and published a Dutch version of the Psalms, 

1759. Robert MacAipine, " book-binder, in Beaver 
Street;" he also sold books. 

1772. Noel & Hazard. Garrat Noel entered into part- 
nership with Ebenezer Hazard ; they dealt largely in books 
and stationery. 

1773. Samuel Loudon, " at his shop on Hunter's-Quay," 
waa not brought up to bookselling ; but about this time he 
commenced the business, and afterwards that of printing. 

236 History of Printing in America. 

1774. Valkstinb Nuttee, " opposite the Coffee-House 
Bridge," bookbinder and bookseller. 


1692, William Bbadfokd, sold pamphlets and other 
small articles. 

1718. Andkbw Bradford, " sign of the Bible, in Second- 
Street." He was also a printer and binder. 

1718. John Copson, bookseller, but dealt chiefly in other 
goods ; he was concerned with Andrew Bradford in the 
first newspaper which was published in Pennsylvania. 

1729. Benjamin Franklin, "in Market-Street." He 
likewise was a printer and binder. 

1741. Alexander Annard, " in Second Street, near the 

1742. "William Bradford, the younger, "in Second- 

1742. John Bakklkt " at the Sign of the Bible in Second- 
Street; from Great Britain." 

1742. James Ueed, "next door to the Po8^0ffiee, iu 

1742. Jo.iEPn Goodwin, "in Second-Street, near Black- 
Horse Alley." He afterwards, removed into Blackhorse 
alley, Goodwin wa.s from England, and was a bookseller^ 
binder, and stationer. It appears that he was a considera- 
ble dealer. 

1743, Stsphen Potts. " at the Bible and Crown, in 

1743. J. ScntippEY, " at the Sign of the Book in Straw- 
berry-Alley;" he was a binder, and sold a few bookB. It 
is probable that he was a German. 

1743. Cornelia Bradford, " in Second-Street." 
1748. David Hall, "in MarketStreet." He was 
printer, and the partner of Fninkiiu ; he dealt largely in 
books and st^ttionory. 

Booksellers. — Philadelpoia. 237 

1756. Henry Sandy, " Lsetitia-Court," 

1757. William DcNLAP, "in Markot-Street." Dunlap 
was bred to printing, which buBinees he followed, but dealt 
somewhat extensively as a bookseller. About 1767 he re- 
moved to Virginia, aod settled there as a minister of the 
church of England. 

1758. Black Harry, " in Lsetitia-Court," was a binder, 
and sold small books, &e. 

1759. Andrew Stkuart, " Lcetitift-Court;" but removed 
in 1762. to "the Bible-in-Heart, in Second-Street." He 
was a printer and a dealer in pamphlets. 

1760. Jambs Rivinoton, " in Second-Street," by his agent 
■who became his partner the following year. 

1761. RrviNOTON & Brown, " in Second-Street," but they 
Bome time after took another stand. They were both from 
England. Riviligton soon after opened bookstores in New 
York and Boston ; and resided at New York. 

176-3. Zacrariaii Poclson, " Sign of the Bible in Second- 
Street between Arch and Race Streets." He was a book- 
binder, bookseller and stationer. This Mr. Poulson who 
was the father of the proprietor of the American Daily 
Advertiser, was a native of Copenhagen ; he arrived in 
Philadelphia in 1749, when he was at the age of twelve 
years. Soon after he became an apprentice to the first 
Christopher Sower, of Germantown, of whom be learned 
printing. Ho was an excellent workman and a very re- 
spectable citizen. In the latter part of his life he kept a 
stationer's shop in Second Street, above Arch street. He 
died January 14, 1804, aged 67, and was buried in the 
Moravian cemetery, Philadelphia. 

1764. WiLLLiM Sellers, " in Arch-Street, between Se- 
cond and Third Streets ;" he was a printer and bookseller, 
from England, and became the partner of David Hall. 

1764. Samuel Tavloii, "at the Book-in-hand, corner of 

238 HiSTOHT OF Printing in America. 

Market and Water streets." He carried on bookbinding 
and bookaelling. 

1765, WooDHOusB & Dean. This connection lasted less 
than a year. Dean died, and Woodhoase continued busi- 
ness on bis own account. 

1766. John Dunlap, "in Market^Street," succeeded to 
the printing and bookselling bnainesa of William Dunlap. 

1766, EoBERT Bell, " at tbe Union-Library, in Third 
Street," in 1770. He was from Ireland ; became a printer 
and was celebrated as a book auctioneer. 

1766. William Woodeoubb, in Front^Street, near Chea- 
nutrStreet ;" afterwards " near Market atreet, at tbe Btbie 
and Crown." He was a binder and bookseller. He be- 
gan business with Dean. He established in 1782, a elate 
and slate pencil manufactory, then the only one in tbe 
United States. In 1791, he began printing. He died De- 
cember 28, 1795, and was succeeded by his son of the 

1767. Lewis Nicola, " in Second street, removed in 
1768, to Market Street. He published a magazine, kept a 
circulating library, and sold books. 

1768. Taggert, was a very conniiderable vender of 

imported books. He also dealt in English and Scotch 

1768. JoHH Sparhawk, " at the London Bookstore, Mar- 
ket-Street;" afterwards "at tbe Unicorn and Mortar, in 
Second-Street." He published several books. His widow 
continued the business, 

1768. John Andebton, "at the London Boolratore, in 
Second-Street." He was from England ; and, was a binder, 
letter case and pocketbook maker, and, as such, first began 
businessin New York. He sometimes advertised books for 
sale in his own name, and at other times as connected with 



1768. RoQKR Bowman, merchant, sold books on consign- 
ment from Great Britain. 

1708, Roger Bowman, " in Second-Street near the Mar- 
ket." He had a good assortment of books for sale. 

1769. Robert Aitken, commenced bookeolling in Front 
street ; he was from Scotland, to which country he returned 
in 1770; but in 1771, came back to Philadelphia; and in 
1795, removed to, and opened a bookstore and printing 
bouse " in Market Street," near Front street. He was an 
excellent binder. 

1770. Crukshank and Collins, " in Third Street," were 
a short time partners as printers and booksellers. After- 

JoaEPH Cepkshank, opened hia printing house and a 
bookstore in Market street. 

1770. James Stepart, " in Second-Street, between Ches- 
nnt and Walnut street8," from Glasgow, shopkeeper, sold 
Scotch editions on commission. 

1770. Semple and Bcchanan, " in Front-Street;" shop- 
keepers, from Scotland, sold Scotch editions on commis- 
sion. Semple afterwards sold books and British goods. 

1771. Robert MacGill, "Corner of Ltetitia Court," 
binder and bookseller. He removed to Second street, be- 
low Market street He left Philadelphia in 1778, and went 
to New York. 

1771. John MacGibbons, "in Frout^Street, between 
Arch and Race Streets." Not largely in trade. He repub- 
lished Josephns's works in four volumes, octavo. 

1771. Samuel Dellap, " in Front-Street, between Mar- 
ket and Arch-Streets ;" he kept a book and print shop. At 
one time he resided at the corner of Third and Chestnut 
streets. He often sold books at auction. 

1773. "William Trichet, an Englishman, bound and sold 
books, at No. 5 South Front street. He was in business 
about eight years. 


240 History of Phinting in America. 

1773. James Yocng, "at his Book-Store, adjoining the 
London Coffee-House." He was in business about twelve 


1773. Thomas MACGEE,jun. "Second Street, nearly op- 
posite Christ Church." 

1773. GEOEfiE Reinhold, " in Market-Street." He waa 
from Germany, and traded in Dutch books. He was also 
a binder. 

GERMANTOWN, Pensstlvanxa. 
1735. Christopher Sower, from Germany, printed and 

sold books in the German language. 

1744. Christopher Sower, jun., eueceeded to the busi- 
ness of his father. 

LANCASTER, Pennsylvanu. 
1754. William Doslap, printer and bookseller. He 
removed to Philadelphia in 1757. 

1767. Charles Jonssos, " in King-Street." 

WILMINGTON, Delaware. 
17B1. James Adams, printer and bookaelier. 

ANNAPOLIS, Maryland. 

1774. William Aikmas. 

CHARLESTON, South Carolina. 

1758. Robert Wells, " at the Great Stationery and 
Book-Store, on the Bay." He waa from Scotland, dealt 
largely in imported hooka, and printed a newspaper. 

1764. Woods, binder and bookseller from Scot- 

1771. James Taylor, binder, and an inconsiderable 
dealer in books ; he also was from Scotland. 

Booksellers. — Massachusetts. 241 

SAVANi^AH, Georgia. 
1763. James Joiinstos, who waa from Scotland, printed 
a newspaper, and Bold books. 

Mr. Brinley, of Hartford, Conn., whose unequalled col- 
lection of early American publications, and eritieal know- 
ledge of them, are well known, kindly fiirnisbefi the fol- 
lowing memoranda, made by him in his copy of Mr. 
Thomas's work : 

"Job Howe, was a Bookseller, not mentioned by Thomas. 
Example — Negkct of Supporting arui Maintaining the Pure 
Worship of God, * * * or The. Cause of Neio 
England's Scarcitg, and Right Way to its Plenty. A Fast 
Sermon at Hoxbury July 2Qth, 1687 by James Allen, Teacher 
to the jirst Gathered Church in Boston. 4to. Boston Printed 
for Job Mow and John Allen, and are to be sold at Mr. Samuel 
Green's, by the South Meeting House, 1687. Title, preface 
1 leaf, & pp. 1-16. 

Mow is not mentioned, and the earliest seen of John Al- 
len is in 1690. 

The above sermon seems to be rare, as it is not in the 
library of the Antiquarian Society, that of the Massachu- 
setts Historical Society, or the Prince Library. It was 
' preached on a Solemn Faat Day occasioned by the afRic- 
tive Providence of God in sending "Worms and Catapillars, 
which in some places, as God's great army, marched in nu- 
merous Companies, and devoured all before them, both 
Com and Grass,' &c., &c. Preface. 

Hbzekiab Usher, Bookseller. Thomas 1652. Was in 
boBiness as early as 1650. Example. 7'he Mystery of God 
Incarnate, ^., ^., by Samuel Eaton. Printed for H. Usher 
at Boston in jVew England 1G50. 

11] 21 

242 History of Printing in America. 

JouN Usher, Bookaeller. Thomas 1672. Should be 
1669. Example — God's (M to His People lo Tarn to Him, 
in 11 Sermons at two Publick Fasting Dayes by John Daven- 
port. 4to. Cambridge prinkd by S. G. and M. J. for John 
Usher of Boston MDGLZIX. 

John Eatcliffe, Bookaeller. A good example of his 
publications is a very rare book of which I do not trace 
any copy : A Poem, Dedicated to the Memory of the Beverend 
and JExcellent Urian Oakes, late Pastor to ChrisCs Flock, and 
Praesident of Harvard CkiUege in Cambridge; ^-c., ^., ^. 
ito. Boston in New England. Printed for John Eatcliff, 1682. 
Title, To the reader, 2 pages, pp. 1-16. (By Cotton Ma- 
ther,) a. juvenile production, and not in any list of his 

Benjamin Harris, Bookseller. Thomas 1690. He printed 

. in 1689 Massachusetts Charter. N. B. : This is the first 

document in Hutchinson's volume of "Original Papei 

and of which he says in a foot note that it never had been 


Obadiah Gill, Bookseller, Thomas 1690. Should be 
1685. Example — An Elegy on the Mark-to-be-dcplared Death 
of that Never-to-be-forgotten Person, the Beverend Mr. Nathanid 
Collins, who after he had been many years a faithful Pastor to 
the Church at Middktown of ConnecHcut in New England, about 
the Forty-third year of his Age expired on 2S(h lOlk month, 
1684. (lexts^c.) Boston in Nm England. Printed by Sichard 
Pia-eefor Obadiah Gill— Anno Christi 1685.— 16mo. (Title, 
to the reader, 2 pages, pp. 20.) (By Cotton Mather) another 
juvenile production, not in any list of his publications. 

Among Printers some mention ouglit to be made of 
Greoort Dexter, who joined Roger Williams in Rhode 
Island. He had been a printer in London but never had 
an opportunity to exercise his craft in this country, bat 
was in other respects a prominent uian in that colony. 
He was the piinter of the original edition of Roger "Wil- 
liams's Key into the Language \if America. London. Printed 



Booksellers. — Massachusetts. 243 

by Gregory Dexter, 1643. He probably printed also The \ 

Bloody TenenL London, 1644. 

Printing in Maryland. Thomas says, first at Anna- 
polis, by Green, about 1726. Should be 1700. Example. 
The Necessity of an Early Religion^ being a Sermon Preached 
the 5th of May before the Honorable Assembly of Maryland by 
Thomas Bray^ D. D. Annapolis^ Printed by order of the 
Assembly by Tho : Reading for Evan Jones^ bookseller ^ anno 
Domini 1700. Title, pp. 1-20. Also The Power of the 
Gospel in the Conversion of Sinners j in a Sermon Preached at 
ArmapoliSj in Marylandy by George Keith M. A. July the 4th. 
Printed and are to be sold by Thomas Beading^ at the Sign of 
the George. Anno Domini MDCCIU. (pp. 19.)'* 

We add from the Boston Evening Post of Aug. 14, 1749, 
the name of Obadiah Cookson, who, in 1749, was " at the 
Cross Pistols, in Fish Street, Boston." He sold a few 
books, and many other articles. — H. 





I Pag«^ 4. ] 

The date of the newspaper mentioDcd io the note on page 4 (vii. 
Nov. 3d to Dec 3d, IfriOj, is the eatlieat da(« of the Thomaaon Col- 
lection in the Britbh Museum, of pablicatioDB made during the period 
of the English commoD wealth. These range from Nov. 3, 1640, to 
May, 1661. Besides the Perfect Occurrences of Evern dak* iour- 
Hal in Parliamailf we have a memorandum of another paper with the 
title of Diurnal Occurrences in Parliament, the dates of which are 
giTCQ tbnB, "from 3d No7. 1640 to 3d Nov. 1641." 

"Theaame from 23d Nov. 1641 to 28th March, 1642." 

" The same, to 17th Oct. 1642." 

'■ The same, endiug March lOth, 1648." 

In 1642 there was A Diurnal of D-iiigers. 

The first tlaily newspaper published was supposed to be the Daify 
Gmrant, issued in London, England, on the lUh of March, 1702, 
soon after the uccessiou of Queen Anne. A. recent oontributor 
to the London Times aascrts that there had been an English daily 
jonrnal forty-two years before that time. That in 1660, on the Stb, 
9th and lOthof March, appeared three Dumbersof .d Per/eel Diurnal. 

The title " Diurnal," or " Perfect Diurnal," did not necessarily 
imply a daili/ publication. The Perfect Occurrences of Every Day's 
^oumo/ was printed at first once a month, and afterwards weekly. 
The Diary or Exact Journal was a weekly paper, notwithstanding 
its name. 

The sniall newspapers of that day wore numerous, and apparently 
there was much rivalry among them. The titles were often quite 


niSTORT OF Printing in America. 

Biniilar, and perhaps sometimea indicate tlic same paper at different 
periods. Mercurtet were most conimoD, witli the addition of a 
distinctive appellation. Thud, in 1643, there were Mercurivi Rta- 
ticui, Mercurius Civicus, Mercurius Aulicus, Wednetiiay' » Mercury, 
Mercurim Britannicus, The Welsh Mercury, jVercuriut Cambro- 
BritaTMiis; \a 1C44, Mercuriu* Civieia, The Court Mercury, &o.; in 
1645, Mercariut Veridicus, ^ercaritt* jlmen'canus (perhaps but one 
number) MereuriM Acatlentiatt ; in 1646 Mereurivt Candidnt, 
Mereuritu Diutintis ; in 1647, Mercurias Populus, Mercuriut Anti- 
Pragmatieui, Mereuriut EkneticuM, Mercuriut Riulicvs, Mercuriaa 
MdanclwUcia, Mercurius Sellicus, Mercurius Dogmalicua, MercwiMt 
PragmatlcjiM, &C. 

Other titles were : Tlie Kiiu/iJom.' s Weekly JnUUSgencer, Tlie Par- 
liamentary Scout, The True Iixformer, The Compleat InielUgcneer, 
Informator Rnsticai, The Kingdom's WeeHy Pott, The Weekly 
Account, The Scotlisk Dove, The Spie, all of 1643; The Perfect 
Occurreiiceit, The Spie from Oxford, A True and Perfect Journal, 
News from beyond Seas, The Flying Post, Tlie Loniton Post, The 
Country Foot Post, The Country Messenger, all of 1644. The Mode- 
rate ItUeltigencer, A Diary or Exact Journal {weekly). The Parlia- 
ment's Past, The Exchange InteUiyencer, The City Scout, The King- 
dom's Scout, The City's Weekly Pitt, The Pkcenix of Europe, 
Perfect Occurrences of Parliament, Perfect Passages of Each Daye» 
Proceedings in Parliament, all of 1645. There were also. Perfect 
Occurrences of Every Daie iovrttal in Parliament and other Moderate 
Intelligence, A Tuesday's Journa/l of Perfect Piissagef in Parliament, 
The Failhfall Post, &c. tfcc. Private memoranda. — H. 



[ Page 15. ] 

The following account of the fire !□ Boston, ia the year 1711, was 
wriUen by the Rev. Dr. CottoD Mather. 

" Bei^ntiiDg about seven o'clock in the evening, and finishing be- 
fore two in the morning, the night between the Beoond and third of 
October, ITll, a. terrible fire laid the heart of Boston, the metropo- 
lis of New-English America, in ashes. The occasion of the fire is 
said to have been hy the carelessness of a sottish wocoan, who aafiered 
a flame, which took the oakum, the picking whereof was her busi- 
Dcss, to gain too far before it could be mastered. It was not long 
before it reduced Cornhill into miserable ruins, and it made its im- 
pressioDfl into King-Street and Queen<Street, and a gre:it part of 
Pudding-lane was also lost, before the violence of it could be con- 
quered. Among these ruins, there were two spacious edifices, which 
Sntil now, made a roost coDsiderable figure, because of the public re- 
lation to our greatest solemnities in which they had stood from the 
days of our fathers. The one was the town-house ; the other the 
old meeting-honse. The number of houses, and some of them very ca- 
pacious buildings, which went into the fire, with these, is computed 
oear about a hundred; and the families, which inhabited these houses, 
eaauot but be very many more. It being also a place of much trade, 
and filled with we 11 -furnished shops of goods, not a little of the 
wealth of the town was now consumed. But that which very much 
added to the horror of the dismal night, was the tragical death of 
many poor men who were killed by the blowing up of houses, or by 
Teoturiag too far Into the fire, for the rescue of what its fierce jaws 
were ready to prey upon. Of these the bones of seven or eight are 
thought to be found ; and it is feared there may be some strangers, 
belonging to vessels, besides these, thus buried, of whose unhappy 
circumstances we are n;it yet apprised ; and others have since died 
of their wouadj. Thus the town of Boston, just going to get be- 
yond four ioore years of age, and conflicting with much labour and 


History of Printing in America. 

a, a very vital and valuable part of it, i 

a cut off and flonn 

In the single number of the attempted newspaper, dated Boston, 
Sept. 25, 1690, is an account of a, fire in that eity which may pro- 
perly be introduced here if it were only for its record of the destruc- 
tion of the best printing press in the country; hut the disastrous 
conflagration which bus occurred while these pages are pnssing 
through the press, and the remarkable preservation once more of the 
SoaCh Meeting Houee, add a special interest to it. — 11. 

" Ahho' Boston did a few weeks ago meet with a Disaster by Fire, 
irbieh consumed about twenty Bbusei near the MiU Greek, yet about 
midnight, between the sixteenth and seventeenth of this Ins(, 
another Fire broke forth near the South Meeting- House, which con- 
BQmed about five or six houses, and hud almost carried the Meeting- 
house itself, one of the tui rest Edifices in the Country, if God bad not 
remarkably assieted the Endeavors of the People to put out the fire. 
There were two more considerable Circumatonces in the Calamities 
of this Fire ; one was that a young man belonging to the House 
where the Firo began unhappily perished in the Flames ; it seems 
that tho' he might sooner awake than some others who did escape 
yet he some way lost those Wits that should have taught him to help 
himself. Another was that the best furnished Printinu Pbess of 
those few that we know of in America was lost — a loss not presently 
to be repaired." 



[ Page 17. ; 
As this waji the firat skirmiah between priotere of Dewspapera in 
thb oountry, I will yive the following purticulars respecting it, which 
are extracted from the News-Letter and ihe Gazette. William 
Brooker, who aucceoded Camphell in the post office, had, Jo ao ad- 
vertisement, mentioned hia appointment; and that Campbell was 
removed from office ; this gave offence to Oampbell, who endeavored 
to make it appear that he waa not removed. Brooker then publiahed, 
in No. 4 of the Uazette, the following, to substantiate what he had 
aaeerted respecting Campbell. It waa inserted in a large typo and 
filled nearly one lialf of the Gazette. 

Post Office, January lltb, 1719. 
" Tht good Manners ami Ctiution thai htu been obterved in viriting 
lhi$ Paper, 'iwmt hoped would have prevented anff occasion for Con- 
trovtrties of this kind: But finding a vert/ porlimlar AdvertisenieTit 
publit/ted hi/ Mr. Campbell in hU Boston News-Letter of ihe ilk 
Ctirriint, loyt me wnder an absolute Nece*iflti/ of giving the following 
Aritwer thfreanto. Mr Campbell begin* in taying, The Nameless 
Author — Intimating as If the not mentioning the Author's Name was 
a/atdt; But if he will look over tlie Papers wrote in Enghind (such 
»a the London Gazette, Foat-Man, and other Papers of Reputation') 
he leiUfind their Authors so. As this part of his Advertisement is 
Itot very material, 1 shall saff no more thereon; but proceed to Mat- 
ters of more Moment. Mr. Campbell seems somexrhat displeased thtit 
the Author says he v>as removed from being Post-Maaler. I do hereby 
declare I teas the Person that wrote the said Preamble, as he calls it ; 
atul think I could not have given hit being tum'd out a softer Epi- 
thet. And to convince him (and all Mankind) that it was to, I sluiS 
give (he following Demonstrations of it. Many Months before John 
Hamilton, £'«y,- Deputy Post-Master General of North America dis- 
placed th' said Mr. Gampbell,lte rei:eived Letters from the Secretary 
to lite Right Honourable the Post-Master General of Great Britain, 
ifcc., that there luiil been several Complaints made against him. and 
1.] 32 



History of Printing in America. 

therefore the removal of him Jrotn being Pott-Ma$ter uoi thought 
necessary. Mr. Hamiltan /or tome time delayed it, tiUonihe 13(A 
of September ltl8, A* appointed me to succeed him, with the same 
Sa/ary and other just Al/oToanees, according to the EstahlithmerU of 
the Office ; and if Mr. Campbell had any other, they were both un- 
just and unioarranlai/le, and he ought not to mention them. Ai soon 
as I was put into pomeision of the Office, Mr. Hamilton tcrofe a Letter 
to the Right Honourable the Poet-Master General, acquainting thctn 
he had removed Mr. Campbell and appointed me in Aw room — Mr. 
Campbell goia on; Baying, I was snperceded by Mr. Musgrava from 
England. To make him appear also mistakea in this Paint; Mr. 
Hamilton not displacing him as soon as was expected, tJie Right Ho- 
nourahle the Post-Master General appoinle I Mr. Philip Musgrave hy 
their Deputation dated June 27, 1718, to be their Deputy Pott-Mas- 
ter of Boston ; and in a Letter hrovijht by him from the Right Hon- 
ourable the Post-Master General to John Hamilton Esq ; mention it 
made, that for l/ie many Complaints that were made against Mr. 
Campbell, they had thought it Jit to remove him, and appoint Mr. 
Musgrave in his stead, wAo icas nominated Post-Master of Boston 
almost three months before I succeeded Mr Campbell, which lias 
obliged me to make it appear that he teas eitlier removed, turned out, 
displaced, or auperoeded Twice. The last thing I am to ^ea/c to is, 
Mr. Campbell says, It is amies to represent, that People remote huve 
been prevented from having the News-Paper. / do pray he will 
again read over my Introduction, and Hum he teilt Jind there is no 
words there advanced, that will admit of tueh a» iDterpretatioa. 
There w nothing herein contained but what is nnqueHlioDobly True ; 
therefore I shall fake my leave of kim, wishing him all desireable 
Success in his agreeable News- Letter, assuring him I have neither 
Capacity nor IncliavUiaa, to ansicer any more of his like A-dvertite- 

" WiUiam Brooker." 

To the foregoing Campbell made tbid answer in the News-Letter of 

Jan. le, 1719-20, viz. 

" Perhaps a long Reply may be expected from the Publisher of 
this Intelligence to the lutroduciious of his Sue 

Appendix. 251 

cially No. 4, the first Page whereof is almost filled with unjust Re- 
flections, unworthy either of his trouble to Answer, or the Candid 
unprejudiced Readers to hear; who only affirms he was not turn'd 
out, but resigned voluntarily in December, 1717, two years before 
their first News Paper, and continued nine Months afterward, till the 
13th of September, 1718, Fifteen Months before their first News, 
when the Deputy Post- Master Qeneral had provided another." 

No. 6, of Bos. Gaz, contains Brooker's reply, which is as follows, 

9^ Since against plain matter of Fact, Mr. Campbell has charged 
me a second time with unjust Reflections, unworthy either his Trouble 
to answer, or the Unprejudiced Reader to hear, I do again Affirm 
he was turn'd out, notwithstanding his pretended Resignation : And 
I hope he will not oblige me (against my Inclination) to say Things 
which perhaps may be a greater Reflection on his Candour, and to 
bis Ears, then to the Unprejudiced Reader's. 

William Brooker" 

History op Printing in America. 


[ Page 8fl. ] 

Extracti front the AitdreM to the PuUic, in the jirst .Vnp Eng- 
land Weeklj/ Journal^ March 20, 1727. 

" This may serve aa a Notification that a Select number of Gentle- 
men, who have bad the Happiness oF a liberal Educutum, and some 
of them considerably improv'd by their Travels into distant Coun- 
tries ; are now concerting sodic Regular Schemes Tor the EatertaiD- 
meot of the ingenious Reader, and the Encouragement of Wit & 
Politeness; and may ia a very short time, open apoa the Publick a 
variety of pleasing and proGtnbJe Speculations," 

" The whole world rings of what has been lately done and is now 
doing in Poland (where the Protestanla were once perhaps Ten limes 
aa many as now they are) & He whose Throne it ia Heaven & whose 
Ei/es behold & whose Ei/e lids tri/ the Children of Men, is making a. 
Trial and perhaps a Fmitkituj ow; ! — how far the other Protestaata 
in Europe will Own them, and .Assist and Relieve a Suffering JESUS 
in them, and Qualify themselves to stand before the Son of Man, 
when he shall from the Flames in the Heavens over them, diatiDgoish 
those that shall escape the Flames and shall declare, What j/e have 
done to mine ye have done tome — 

" If we deliberately and with the Frame of Nazinnicn endeavoar 
to rend the Book of the Lamentations, and apprehend the preseat 
Sufferings of the Holy People under the Pnpid Empire in the Terms 
of that Booklivelily described unto us — wo shall have the Sum of 
the Matter" 



[ Page 48. ] 

The fullowing is a copy of the proceedings of the Governor and 
Council of MassBchuaettB, respecting the paragraph published by 
Fleet, March Sth, 1741, It shows the difiercnce between whut was 
then, and what ia now, judged to be the " liberty of the press." 

" At & Council held at the Council Chamber in Boston, upon 
Tuesday the 9th day of March, 1741. 

" Whereas there is published in the Weekly Paper called the 
Boeton Evening-Poet of yesterday's Date, a Paragraph in the foUow- 
iog Words ; 

" Last Saturday Capt. Gilbs arrived here from Madeira, who in- 
forioe, that before he leH that Island, Capt. DanihUge, in one of 
his Majesty's ships of forty Guns, eame in there from England^ and 
gave &n Account, that the Parliainent had called for all the Papers 
relating to the War. and 'twas expected the Right Hon. Sir Roher 
WttlpoU wonld be takea into Custody in a very few Days. — Capt. 
Dandrit/ge was going upon the Virginia Station to relieve the valiant 
and vigilant Kuight there, almost wore out in the Service of his 
Country, and for which he has a Chance to be rewarded viii\in Flag," 
Which Paragraph contains a scandalous and libellous Reflection 
upon his MnjesCy's Administration, and may tend very much to 
infiaiue the Minds of his Majesty's Subjects here and disaffect them 
to his Government;" 

'■Therefore. 0/-(?prt^, That the Attorney General do, as soon aa 
may be, file an infbrmalian against Thomas F/eei, the Publisher of 
the Mid Paper, in his Majerty'a SuperlorCourtof Judicature, Court 
of Assize and General Gaol Delivery, in order to bis being prosecuted 
for his said Offence as Law and Justice requires. 

" W. SMriej,. 

" Copy Ezamin'd, per J. WiU<ti-il, Sec. " 


HrsTOBT OF Printing in Amehica. 

[ Page 49. ] 

Id the Evening-Post of November 7, 1748, Fleet inBert«d this ad- 
Tertisemeut visi : " Choice PcnBiiylviinia Tobacco i'aper, to be Sold 
by the Publisher of this Paper, at the Heart i Crown ; where mftj 
also be had the BULLS or ludulgenoies of the present Pope Urban 
VIII, either by the single Bull, Quire or Ream, at a much cheaper 
Rate than they cun be purchased of the French or Spani»h Priests, 
and yet will be warntuted to be of the same Advantage to the Pos- 

These BuiU, or indulgences, of his holioeas, were prioted on the face 
of a smull sheet ; several bales of them were taken in a Spanish ship, 
captured by an English Cruiser, and sent into Boston during the 
war between England and France and Spain, in 1748. I have ona 
of them now in my possession. Fleet purchased a very large quan- 
tity at a low price, and printed various editions of ballads uq tha 
backs of them. One side of the sheet was blank, und the paper very 
goad ; one bull answered fur two half sheet ballads, or songs such aa 
"Black Eyed Susan" — "Handsome Harry" — ■' Teague's Ramble 
to the Camp," &c. I have seen large fiuantilies of them which wore 
thus worked up by Fleet 

St. Mery, lu his description of the Spanish part of SaintDomingo, 
writes, that in the Spanish Indies, " there is a tribunal, or establish- 
ment, for religious matters, but which at least has neither terrors nor 
torments; this is the holy crusade (tuntti cruzada), a name taken from 
a bull, the original object of which was to give indulgences to all 
those who should imke offerings of money, or of their arms, to' be 
employed against the infidels. At present it is more than a crusade 
purely spiritual, it is in reality neither more nor leas than a tax, 
though it appears at the option of every one to refuse to purchase the 
ball, but it offers so much good lor so low a price, and the neglecting 
to procure it indicates an indifference so bordering on unbelief, that 
every one, even the ecclesiasticks, purchases the celestial treasures, 
and with them the liberty of eating meat, eggs and niilk, during the 
meagre days of Lent, provided he be authorised by the opinion of his. 
doctor and confessor." 



[ Pflge G3, } 

The followiog paragraphs respecting the piece over the signatnre 
of Mucins Saevola, published in the M<u«ai-h>nett$ Sp^, No. 37, No- 
vember 14, 1771, are extracted from the Eaeaing Post and the Ga- 
zette, of the Mondaj following. 

"We hear that at a eouocil held at the Council Ohumber last 
Saturday, a piece signed Miteius Scfevota, publiehed in the M/uta- 
chaaettt Spy of November 14th, printed by Isaiah Thomas, was taken 
into consi deration, when it was unanimously ordered, that the AtUtr- 
ney General be direeled Ui prnaeoute the publisher thereof. — It is 
aaid the piece referred to above (from its nature, and tendency), i 
most daring production ever published in A' 
ninff Pott." 

" On Friday last, in the afternoon, his Excellency the Governor kid 
before the Uoancil for their advice thereon, a paper in the Massa- 
chusetts Spy of Thursday, signed Mucins Scievola, said to contain 
divers seditions expressions, &c. The council afler debating till 
sundown adjourned till the next day, when they met again and sent 
for the printer, who in answer to the summons, told the messenger 
he was huxj/ IB hit iiffice, tind thoiild not attend: Upon which it is 
aaid a motion was made for his commitment to prison for contempt — 
but did not obtain. Whether the abundant lenity of the honourable 
Board, or from their having no legal aathori/j/ in the cose, has not yet 
transpired to us. — The final result was, their unanimoia advice to the 
GoYemour to order the King's Attorney to prosecute the Printer at 
Common-Law." — Boston Gazelle. 

—Boston Ece- 

Joseph Greenleaf, a justice of the peace for the county of Ply- 
mouth, being suspected of having some concern, either as a writer, 
or otherwise, in The Massachusetts Spy, received a summons of the 
purport following, which he laid before the public in the Spy of No- 
Tember22, 1771. 

266 History of Printing in America. 

" Province of Maasachusetts Bay — To Joseph Greenleof, of Bob- 
toHy m said province y Eaq. — 

" You arc rc(|uired to appear before the Governor and Council, at 
tlie Council-chamber in Boston, on Tuesday the tenth day of Decem- 
ber next, at ten of the clock in the forenoon, then and there to be 
examined touching a certain paper called the Massachusetts Spy, 
published the ft)urteenth day of November, 1771 ; whereof you are 
not to fail at yuur peril. Dated at Boston, the 16th day of Novem- 
ber. 1771. 

** By onler of the Governor, with the advice of Council, 

Thomas Fiucker, Secretary." 

Greenleaf did not obey the summons, and on the 12th of Decem- 
ber following, the Boston News-Letter, [Court Gazette] eoDtaioed 
the proceedings of the Governor and Council of the 10th of tbit 
month in consequence thereof, viz. 

** At a Cuiincil htlii at the Council Chamber in Bostamj Twetdoy^ 

December lOM. 1771. 

His Excellency having acquainted the Ikiard at tb^rlast meeting, 
that Jivk'ph GriH>nIeaf, Esq ; a Justice of the Peace for the county of 
IMv mouth, wa:* innerallv reputed to lie concerned with Isaiah Thomas, 
in priutiug uud [•ubli^hing a New!^-P.ip*er. called the Massachusetts 
Spy, and the said «Tv»se}'h Groeult-af having thereupon been sum- 
uioued to attend the bi>.nrd on this da v. in ••rder U* his examinatioo 
t<ouchiui: the same. skDii n>.>t attcndiL:: aci^^.Tdins: \o summons, it wis 
thereupou UDaIiilliou^]y advised, that the said Jciseph GrDeuleii' be 
di>missed \tv\\i ihe i-Soi' -f a Ju>tiee "l" iLc IVju.*. which advice wis 
appro\oJ vf aud Cv'LsenU'd i^. by his ExorlirSiv : and the said Joeeph 
Grivulfiif i< disoiissi'd fr.'iii \\i\ said .-ffi^H:- ac'-e.-rdinirlv. 

•* A irui .\'j«\ iVoUi iLe Ui.Liuu* ■.•! C^'UucIj 

T^n' f.-'il.'w'iii: ii-.c: I ri;:.i< ; r.L. 'thi'/.t "pIi*. i vjt'w lo thriw that 
.V ::■ •! \\.i '. :i..:-:t m*:* •;- vL v:*s- t-.'iiivnitid in acLievinir 
. .r. :■; \ . -w'. .. :. j.i... . : v : .»>-. J -« -. : : ':..r .• ■^ljT'-v niaxiv in^aauefef are 
:'i'.\ T'icvi :iiij.i;:;L Li va^ >. ll: riuiiiiVt ur v. l»etCMme mputuUv df- 

Appendix. 257 ' 

ranged, jet he still retaioeU his poUtical integrity, and hia atnor pa- 
true eras Dol eztioji^iiished. 

The Hon. James Otia was a lawyer of great note and distinctioD. 
Under him the late president of the United States, Mr. Adania. 
studied law, and became (qualified for the bar. Mr. Otis's great mia- 
fortnae originated in a dispute with Mr. Robinson, one of the com- 
missioDers of the customs in BobIod. The unhappy disagreement 
terminated in an affray, in which Mr. Otis received a blow on hie 
head, which occasioned, through the remainder of hie life, lucid in- 
tervals excepted, a derangement of his intellects. During those inter- 
vals he still paid considerable attention to politioa, On account of his 
disorder he was put under the care of a physician at Andover, and, at 
that pbce, in May, 1783, whilst leaning on his cane, at the door of a 
house, " he was struck by a flash of lightning, which instantly liberated 
his spirit from iu shattered tenement." ' Mr. Adams was in France 
when this fatal occurrence took place; but he there heard of the 
death of the unfortunate Otis; and, on that occasion, wrote to a friend 
in America, as follows: '-It is with very aiBicting seDtiments I 
learned the death of Mr. Otis, my worthy master. Extraordinary ia 
death as in life, he has left a character that will never die whilst the 
American revolution remains, whose foundation he laid with an en- 
ergy and with masterly abilities which no other man possessed." 

I bare mentioned the consequences which resulted from the pub- 
lication of Muciua Scfevola j but, notwithstanding I, afterward, ven- 
tured to republish some very strong addresses to the king, which had 
appeared in English papers. These addresses were very offensive to 
the officers of the crown, and produced considerable agitation. A 
prosecution was expected to take place ; and, I was informed by 
some friends, on whose intelligence I thought I could place full reli- 
ance, that Governor Hutflhiuson had said, that, " in order to secure 
■ verdict against me stronger ground would he taken than in the case 
af Muciua ScisTola." Some weeks before the most obnoxious of these 
Rddreasee appeared in the Massachuaetta Spy, Mr. Otis, who was then 
under the influence of hia disorder, called at my house one evening, 
and desired to have a private conference with me in what be called 

' A'l'criaia DJogruiJiiful lyii-tiviiiirij. 

258 History of Printing in America. 

'* my sanctum sanctorum ;** meaniDg a private apartment,^ adjoining 
the printing rooms, up two pair of stairs. The workmen had retired, 
and we ascended to the place he mentioned ; where being seated in 
due form, he demanded two sheets of paper and scissors, which I pre- 
sented to him. He doubled each sheet, and after putting them to- 
gether, in a formal manner, indented them at the top. On one of 
the sheets of paper he wrote his private signature, and demanded my 
countersign on the other, which I gave him. He folded it carefully, 
deposited it in his pocket, lefl the other with me and having assured 
me I should hear from him, he departed. 

From this period I had no communication of any kind with Mr. 
Otis, until the report of a prosecution, on account of publishing the 
addresses to the king, became very prevalent. On that occasion he 
again appeared, and was apparently perfectly composed, and in the 
undisturbed possession of reason. He informed me, that he had 
heard much of my having published an address to the king ; and that 
in consequence, a prosecution seemed to impend, in ierrorem, over 
me. As he had not seen the address in question, I handed him the 
paper which contained it ; and, sitting down, he read it very atten- 
tively. Ailer reading it once, he went over the same again, para^ 
graph by paragraph, repeating at the end of each, " There is no 
treasf^n in that." When he came to tlie strongest passage, he 
paused — read it again and again — and, after pondering upon it 
some time, he exclaimed, '* Toucli and go. by G — " Having read 
the address entirely throu<rh the second time, he civilly assured me 
that, on due consideration, he was convinced the whole of it was de- 
fensible, and that in case thti prosecution should take place, he would 
voluntarily come forward in my defence, without fee or reward ; or, 
would point out to my counsel the jrmund of defence, which, in his 
opinion. oui:ht to bo taken. 

He app>eared to be animated by the subject to such a degree as 
pn:»ductd some agitation ; but on taking leave he said. *• James Otis 
still retains soine knowledge of^ law." The projected prosecution fell 
to the irround. and 1 saw Mr. Otis no more. 

■t -illv'-i ^v 111- i«TirN **TIu Silition Fomuln." 

Appendix. 259 


[ Page 98. ] 

During the troubles occasioned by the revolution when William 
and Mary ascended the throne of England, Captain Jacob Leisler, 
was appointed, by the general assembly of New York, governor 
thereof, till the king's pleasure should be known. This appoint- 
ment was, afterwards, in July, 1689, confirmed by the king. In the 
month of January following. Captain Richard Ingoldsby arrived at 
New York, and, '^ without producing any legal authority,'' demanded 
of Leisler the surrender of the fort in that city, which demand was 
not complied with, and Leisler kept possession of the fort till the 
arrival of a new governor, Colonel Sloughter, in March 1690, when 
the fort was immediately surrendered to him by Leisler. In 1691, 
the new general assembly of the province resolved, that Leisler 
during his administration was guilty of certain high crimes and mis- 
demeanors, which were particularized ; the principal charge against 
him was, his refusal to deliver up the fort to Ingoldsby. In conse- 
quence of this proceeding of the general assembly, Leisler and two 
others, viz. Jacob Milborne and Abraham Gouverneur, were arraigned 
in the supreme court, convicted and attainted of high treason and 
felony, " for not delivering up the fort to Ingoldsby," and they were 
all executed. An act of parliament was passed the 12th of Novem- 
ber, 1694, "for reversing the attainder" of these unfortunate 

260 History of Printing in America. 


[ Page 100. ] 

A paper addressed " To the Betrayed Inhabitants of New York," 
signed " A Son of Liberty** was printed privately in Parker's printing 
house, in December, 1769. This paper was laid before the general 
assembly, which resolved that it was '^a false, seditious and iofamoiu 
libel ;" and, in an address, requested the lieutenant governor, to issue 
his proclamation, offering a reward of one hundred pounds, New York 
currency, for the discovery of the author. A jouroeyman in Par- 
ker's printing house, one Michael Cummings, from Cork, in Ireland, 
allured by the proffered reward, lodged a complaint against Parker, 
as the printer; in consequence of which, he was taken into custody, 
on the 7th of January, 1770, by virtue of a warrant from the chief 
justice Ilorsemanden, in which he was charged with being the 
printer of the libel, and made amenable, before the lieutenant go- 
vernor and council, to be examined concerning the promises. Thb 
process was strictly executed. While he was detained in a course 
of examination, l)cforo the lieutenant governor and the council, the 
sheriff returned to Parker's houHc, and took all his apprentices into 
custody, and immediately conducted them to the lieutenant governor 
and council. Upon their entrance, their master, who had not the 
least opportunity of seeing them after he was arrested, was ordered 
into another apartment under the custody of the sheriff, and was not 
present at their examination. The eldest apprentice was first ex- 
amined, and the paper in question being produced, he was asked 
whether he had scon it before ? To which he answered, that he had 
frequently seen it, as printed copies of it had been dispersed about 
the city. He further alleged, that, though repeatedly pressed to 
declare whether it was printed at his master's printing house, he 
refused to make any such declaration. But at length being threatened 
with a commitment, he confessed that it was printed by Parker; 
and, at the same time, assured the licut<;nant governor and council 
that he was ignorant who was the author. The younger apprentices 
corroborated his evidence ; after which they were all dismissed. 



Further proof being tbua procured against Parker, he was again 
brought before the lieutenant governor and council, and reexamined 
on the subject; and though he repeatedly refused to discover the 
author, yet being at length wrought upon by threats, that appliea- 
ttOQ would he wade to bis superiors to procure bis dismission from 
his employment in the poatoffice, and that be must either give bail 
or be committed, unless be would discover the author ; and, not 
bnving had it in bis power to consult witb the author about an in- 
demnification from him, he resolved to make the discovery, provided 
he could procure ao engagement on the part of the government, that 
he should not be prosecuted This indemnity his honor and the 
coaucil, after some oo aside ration, thought proper to give to him; 
upon whieh he submitted to an examinatian on oath, and was dis- 
charged upon his single recoguiKanoe, to appear and give evidence 
against General Alexander Mac Dougall, whom he charged aa being 
the author of the paper in question Karly the next morning the 
sheriff went to the honse of MaaDougall, and took him into custody, 
on a warrant issued by his honor the chief justice, wherein he was 
charged with causing the paper to be printed, which in the warrant 
was said to he a "false, seditious, and infamous Libel;" and the 
sheriff, according to the command of the precept, conducted him to 
the chief justice's chamber, to be examined concerning the premises, 
and to be dealt witb according to law. When MacDougall was 
bionght into the chamber of the chief justice, bis honor said to him, 
"So you have brought yourself into a pretty scrape." To which 
MacDougall replied, '■ May it plense your honor, that must be judged 
of by my peers." The chief justice then told MacDougall, "that 
there was full proof that be was the author, or publisher, of the 
above mentioned paper, which he called a "/liUe, vile, and scanda- 
lous libel." MacDougall again replied, "this must also be tried by 
my peers." 

His honor thereupon informed him "that he must either give 
hail, or go to gaol." To which MacDougall replied, " Sir, I will 
give no bail." His honor then ordered the sheriff to take him to 
gaol, and made out n mittimus charging him with being the author 
»o d publisher of a '' certain false, scandalous, seditious and infamous 
r, addressed " to the Betrayed Inhabitant* ofthe Oitj and Colony 


History of Printing in America. 

of New York," and aubacribed, "A Son of Liberty ;" aud commsnd- 
iDg the sheriff " therewith to receive him, and s&fely keep him in 
gaol, aatil ho should theuce he delivered by due coarse of law." 

MocDougall reuiaiued io prisoD till April term following, when 
the grand jury found a bill against him, as the nuthor of a libel 
against the general assembly ; but it being kte in the term, the trial 
was put off till another session, and MncDougall was admitted to 
bail. Before the neit term, Parker died, and of course the evidence 
against MacDougaH was lost. Id consequence of which, MacDoa- 
gallonihalSth of Decoiubcr, ITTO, was, by an order of the assembly, 
taken before that body by the sergeant at arms, and placed at the 
bar of the house ; he was then informed by the speaker, that he was 
charged by a member of that house, with being tlie author of the 
litiel before mentioned, and that he was by an order of the house to 
answer to the (juestiou, " Wliethcr he was guilty or oot," MncDou- 
gall asked who were his accusers, and what evidence was adduced 
against him ? These were questions for which the house was not 
prepared; aud MucDougall was interrupted by Mr. De Noyellis, 
who was supported by the speaker. The latter informed MacDougoll 
that he had no right to apeak until he had obtained leave of the 
house. After some objections and difficulties had been surmounted, 
MacDougall obtained leave to state his reasons why he ought not to 
answer the question put to him, or the charge against hiu. He 
deuliued answering it lor two reasoos which rendered it improper 
for him to do so. One was, because the paper which had just been 
tead to him, was declared by the honorable house to be a libel ; the 
grand jury of the city and county of New York had also declared it 
to be libellous, and found a bill of indictment against him, as the 
author of it. The second reason arose from the fact, that the honor- 
able house had addressed the lieutenant governor to issue hia pro- 
clamation, offering a reward of one hundred pounds for disoovenng 
the author or publisher of the paper signed " A Son of Lihrrtjf" 
in order that be might be proceeded against according to law ; in 
consequence whereof information had been given; and a prosecution 
ftgalnst him was then pending before the supreme court, where he 
should be tried by a jury of his peers. He stated further, that us 
the honorable house was u party in the question, the prosecution 


being coDiineiiced at the instance and recomnieDdatioD thereof, he 
conceived it ought not to take cognizance of the matter; and qnes- 
tioned if any precedent couid be found on the journals of the bouse 
of commons, to sbew it had taken cognizance of any supposed libel, 
nhen the repated author of it was under prosecntion. Snch a pro- 
ceeding would be an Infraction of the Ibwh of England, which forbid 
that any British subject should be punished twice for the same 
offence. For these reasons MacDougnll declined either Co affirm or 
to deny anything respecting the paper before the house. • 

A debate arose in which Mr. De Noyellis insisted that the house 
had the same power to make a person accused deny or acknowledge 
a fact, as the courts helow had to oblige a prisoner t« plead guilty 
or noi guilty. This doctrine was opposed by Mr. Clinton ; who 
said the house had the power to throw the accused over the bar, or 
out ut the window — but the public would judge of the action. It 
was finally agreed to call in evidence as to the fact«, whether a prose- 
cution against MacDougall had been instituted, and to determine if 
the house was a party to the prosecution. A dispute arose about 
the manner of entering MacDougnll's two reasons on the journals. 
He conceived justice had not been done to the second ; and ajler 
some debate, he was ordered to commit it to writing. It was con- 
tended by the speaker, and several other members, that his written 
statement reflected on the honor and dignity of the house. After 
the subject had been debated, it was decided that he was guilty of 
a breach of the privileges of that house, and he was ordered to ask 
pardon of the same. With this order MacDougall refused to com- 
ply, alleging that he had not been guilty of any crime; and he 
asserted, that rather than resign the rights and privileges of a British 
subject, he would sufler his right hand to be cut off at the bar of the 
house. He wa^ committed to prison by the sergeant at arms, where 
he remuioed several months. 


264 History of Printing in America. 


[ Page 110. ] 

By Philip Frenbau. 
City of New York^ January 1»<, 1783. 

To the Senate of York, with all due Buhmission, 

Of honest Hugh Qaine, the humble Petition ; 

Ad Account of his Life he will also prefix, 

At least what was prerious to Seventy-Six ; 

He hopes that your honours will take no offence, 

If he sends you some groans of contrition from hence ; 

And further to prove that he's truly sincere, 

He wishes you all a Happy New Year, 

And first he informs, in his representation. 

That he once was a printer of good reputation, 

And dwelt in the street called Hanover Square, 

( You*ll know whore it is if you ever were there) 

Next door to the dwelling of Doctor Browne- John 

(Who now to the drug-shop of Pluto is gone) 

But what do I nay — whoe'er came to town. 

And knew not Huffh Gaine at the Bible and Crown ? 

Now, if I were ever so given to lie, 

My dear native country I would^nt deny ; 

(I know you love Teagues) and I shall not conceal 

That I came from the kingdom where Phelim O'Neale, 

And other bravo worthies, ate butter and cheese, 

And walk'd in the clover fields up to their knees. 

Full early in youth without basket or burden. 

With a staff in my hand I passed over Jordan, 

(I remember my comrade was Doctor Magraw, 

And many strange things on the waters we saw, 

Sharks, dolphins, and sea-dogs, bonettas and whales, 

And birds at the tropick with quills in their tails). 


And oame to your city aoj govcrnmeat seut, 
And fotiDd it wbb true yon bad BomeChing lo eat : 
Wben thus I wrote houie — " The country is good, 
" Tbey hove plenty of victuaJa and plenty of wood ; 
"The people are kind, and what«'er they may think, 
" I Bhall make it nppear I can swim where they'll stok ; 
"And yet they're BO briak, and ao full of good cheer, "l 
" By my soul I suspect tbey have always new year, 
" And therefore conceive ' It is good to be here.' " 
So said, and so acted, I put up a press. 
And print«d away witli amazing success ; 
Neglected my person, and look'd like a fright, 
Was bothered all day, and was busy all night. 
Saw mouey couic in as the papers went out, 
"While Parker and Weyman were driving aboul, 
And cursing, and swearing, and chewing their cuds. 
And wishing Hugh Gaine and his press in the suds. 
Ned Weyman was printer you know to the king, 
And thought he had got all the world in a string; 
(Tho' riches not always att«nd on a throne) 
For he swore I bad found the philosopher's stone, 
And call'd me a rogue and a son of a b — oh, 
Because I knew better than be to get rich ! 
To malice like that 'twas in vuiu to reply — 
You had known by his looks he was telling a lie. 
Thus life ran away, so smooth and serene — 
Ah, these were the happiest days I had seen ! 
But the Baying of J'icob I've found to be true, 
" The days of thy servant are evil and few I " 
The days that to me were joyous and glad, 
Are nothing to those which arc dreary and sad ! 
The feuda of the Shtmp-Acl foreboded foul weatlier, 
And war and veiatioa all coming together : 
Those days were the days of riots and mobs, 
Tar, feathers, and tories, and troublesome jobs; 
Priests preaching up war for the yood of our touh. 
And libels, and lying, and Liberty-Poles, 

HisTOKT OF Printing in America. 

From which, when Bome whinBical colours yoa vvf'i, 
We had nothing to do, but look up and be uv'd — 
{Ton thought by resohn'tiff to terrify Britain — 
Indeed, if you did, you were damnably hi'ttrti.') 
I knew it would bring Bn eternal reproach, 
When I BiLW you a burning Cadwalkder's' coach ; 
I knew yow would Buffer for what you bad done, 
When I saw you lampooning poor Sawney hia son, 
And bringing bim down to so wretched a level, 
As to ride him about in a cart with the devil. 
Well, as 1 predicted that matters would be, — 
To the stamp act eucceeded a tax upon Tea ; 
What chests full were scutl«r'd, and trampled, and drowu'd, 
And yet the whole tai was but three peoce per pound ! 
May the hauinjer of Death on my noddle descend, 
And Satan torment nio lo time withoul end, 
If this was a reason to fly into quarrels, 
And feuds that have ruin'd our manners and morals; 
A parson himself might have sworn round the compass, 
That folks for a trifle elionld niuke such a rampwr, 
Saoh a rout us to set half the world in a rage. 
Make France, Spain and Holland with Britain engage. 
While the Emperor, the Swede, the Koss, and tbu Dane, 
All pity John Bull — and run off with bis gain. 
Hut this was the season that I must lament — 
I first was a whig with un honest intent, 
Not a fellow among them tulk'd louder, or bolder, 
With hta sword by his side, or hia gun on his shoulder; 
Yes, I was a whig, and a whig from my heart, 
But still was unwilling with Britain to part^ — 
I thought to oppose her was foolish and vain, 
I thought she would turn and embrace us agaio, 
And wake ns as happy us happy oould be, 
By renewing ibe era of mild SUly Three: 
And yet, like n cruel uadutiful son, 
Who evil returns for the goutl Ui be dtnie, 

vcrnor CuOwullndtr Culileu. 

Appendix. 267 

Unmerited odium on Britain to throw, 

I printed some treason for Philip F — neau, 

Some damnable poems reflecting on Gage, 

The King and his Council, and writ with such rage, 

So full of invective, and loaded with spleen. 

So sneeringlj smart, and so hellishly keen, 

That, at least in the judgment of half our wise men, 

Alecto herself made the nib to his pen. 

At this time arose a certain King Sears, 

Who made it his study to banish our fears ! 

He was, without doubt, a person of merit. 

Great knowledge, some wit, and abundance of spirit ; 

Could talk like a lawyer, and that without fee, 

And threatened perdition to all who drank Tea. 

Ah ! don't you remember what a vigorous hand he put. 

To drag oflf the great guns, and plague Captain Vandeput f i 

That night when the hero (his patience worn out) 

Put fire to his cannons and folks to the rout, 

And drew up his ship with a spring on her cable, 

And gave us a second confusion of Babel, 

And (what was more solid than scurrilous language) 

Pour'd on us a tempest of round shot and langrage : 

iScarce a broadside was ended 'till another began again — 

By Jove ! it was nothing but ^^Fire away Flannagan ! " '^ 

At first we suppos'd it was only a sham. 

Till he drove a round ball through the roof of Black Sam; ^ 

The town by his flashes was fairly enlightened, 

The women miscarry'd, the beaus were all frightened ; 

For my part, I hid in a cellar (as sages 

And Christians were wont in the primitive ages : 

Thus the Prophet of old that was wrapt to the sky, 

Lay snug in a cave 'till the tempest went by, 

But as soon as the comforting spirit had spoke. 

He rose and came out with his mystical cloke) 

'Captain of the Asia man of war. 

"A cant phrase among privateers men. 

' A noted tavern keeper in New York. 

IIiSTORT OF Printing in America. 

Yet I hardly coold boost of a momeDt of reit. 

The dogs were a howling, the town was distreet ! 

But onr terrors soon vanish'd, for suddenly Sears 

Eenew'd our lost courage and drj'd np onr tears. 

Our niemoriea, indeed, must have strangely deoay'd 

If we cannot remember what speeches he made, 

What handBome harangitre upon every oocasion, 

How he laugh'd at the whim of a BritUh Innasion ! 

P-s take 'em (said he) Do you think they will come F 

If they should — we have only to heat on our drum, 

And run up the jlaij of Amfriean Frecilom, 

And people will muster by milliouB Ut bleed 'em ,' 

What Freeman need value such bluck-guards as these 1 

Let us sink in our channel some Chevmux de Frizr. 

And then let 'em come — and we'll shew 'em fair play — 

But they ore not madmen — I tell you — not they ! 

From this very day 'till the Brirl'k came in 

We lived, I may say, in the Dencrf of Sin — 

Such heating and bruising and ncratchinif and learinij. 

Such kicking and cuffing, and cwsiaij and MweartngJ 

But when thet/ advanc'd with their numfrou* fleet, 

And Washington made his noctanial retreat, 

(And which ihfj/ permitted, I say, to their shame, 

Or else i/oiir New Empire had been but a name) 

We townsmen, like women, of Britona in dread, 

MiBtrnsl«d their meaning and foolishly fled; 

Like the re^t of the dunces I mountedfmy steed, 

And gallop 'd away with iwrediblv speed. 

To Newark I hasten'd — hut trouble and care. 

Got up on f/ip rrupptr, and ftiUoie' d mf there ! 

Tliere I scarcely got fuel to keep myself warm, 
And scarcely found spirits to vfaiher tin- itorm; 

'd I had tittle to do, 

(And was quickly 

The irhi;/s were in arms, and my reader* were few) ; 

So after remaining one cold winter'^ season. 

And stuffing my papers with something like trcosoo, 


And meeting misfortauea und endless disasters, 
And fore'd to submit to a hundred new maslerg, 
I thought it more prndeut to hold to the one — 
And (after repenting for what I had done, 
And cursing my folly, and idle pureuita) 
Return'd to the city and hung up my hoots. 
As matters have gone, it was plainly a hlnnder, 
Bat ihen I expected the whigs must knock under, 
And I always adhere to the sword that is longest. 
And stick to the party that's like to be strongest; 
That you have succeeded is merely a, chance, 
I never once ilreampt of the conduct of France '. — 
If alliance with her you were promia'd — at least 
You ought to have show'd me your star in llta Etut, 
Not let me go off uninformed as a beast. 
When your army I saw without stockings or shoes, 
Or victuals — ^or money to pay them their dues, 
(Excepting your wretched congressional paper. 
That stunk in my nose like the snuff of a taper, 
A cart load of which for a dram might he spent all, 
That da— able bubble the old continental. 
That took people in at this wonderful crisis. 
With its mottos and emblrrms, and cunning ila>lces ; 
Which, bad as it was, you were fore'd to admire. 
And which was, in fact, the pilictr of fire, 
To which you directed your wandering noses. 
Like the Jews in the desert, conducted by Moses); 
When I saw them attended vi'uh/amine aud/ear. 
Distress in their front and Howe iu their rear; 
When I saw them for debt incessantly dunn'd. 
Not a ahilling to pay them laid up iu your fund ; 
Your ploughs at a stand, and your ships run ashore 
When this was apparent, (and need I say more) ? 
I handled my cane, and I lonk'd at my hat, 
And cry'd — -'Q — d have mercy on armies like tha 
I took up my bottle, disdaining to stay. 
And said — " Here's a health to the Vkar of Braif. 
AuJ ooi'k'd up my beaver and strutted uwuy. 


History of Printing in America. 

AHbato'd of my conduct, I SDeak'd into towa, 

(Six hours and a quarter the bud had been down) 

It was, I remember, a ooIJ frosty night, 

Aod the stars in the Grmament glitter'd as bright, 

As if, (to assume a puetleul stile) 

Old Yulcun had lent them a rub with bis file. 

Till this cursed nigbt, I eao honestly say, 

I ne'er before dreaded the dawn of the day; 

Not a wolf or a. fox that is cauij^ht in a trap, 

E'er was so Bsham'd of his nightly mishap. 

I CDu'dn't help thinking what ilia might befal me, 

What rebels and rascals the British would call me, 

And how I might suffer in credit and purse, 

If not in my person, which still had been worse: 

At length I resolv'd (as was surely my duty) 

To go for advice to parson Auchmuli/ : 

(The parson, who now I hope is io glory, 

Was thcD upon earth, and a terrible lory. 

Not Cooper himself, of ideas perplcxt. 

So nicely could handle and t«rturc a text, 

When bloated with lies thro' his Irumpel ho sounded 

The da— hie sin of resisting a crown'd head.) 

Like a penitent sinner, and dreading my fate, 

In the grey of the morning I knonk'd at his gate ; 

(No doubt he was vex'd that I roua'd him so sood, 

For his worship was often in bluoketa 'till noon.) 

At length he upproueh'd in his vr^tmenti' ofhiaek — 

(Alas my poor heart! it was then on the rack. 

Like a man in an ague, or one to be try'il ; 

I shook, aod recanted, and snivell'd, and sigh'd:) 




ingiy big, 

Uesides, he had o 

a canonical v 

; but when he came near 

Look'dpleaaaut and said — ''What, Hugh, are you here I 
Four heart, I am certain, is horribly harden'd, 
But if you confese, your sin will be pardon'd. 

Appendix. 271 

In spite of my preaclmients, and all I could say, 
Like the prodigal son you wander'd away, 
Now tell me dear penitent, which is the best, 
To be with the rebels, pursued and distressed, 
Devoid of all comfort, all hopes of relief, 
Or else to be here, and eat the King's beef? 
More people resemble the snake than the dove^ 
And more are converted by terror than love : 
Like a sheep on the mountains, or rather a swine. 
You wander'd away from the ninety and nine ; 
Awhile at the offers of mercy you spurn'd, 
But your error you saw, and at length have returned ! 
Our master will therefore consider your case. 
And restore you again to favor and grace, 
Great light shall arise from utter confusion. 
And rebels shall live to lament their delusion." 

" Ah rebels (said I) they are rebels indeed 

Chastisement, I hope, by the King is decreed : 

They have hung up his subjects with bedcords and halters, 

And banish'd his prophets and thrown down his altars^ 

And I — even I — while I ventured to stay. 

They sought for my life, to take it away ! 

I therefore propose to come under your wing, 

A foe to Rebellion — a slave to the King.'* 

Such pitiful whining in scriptural style 

Work'd out my salvation, at least for a while ; 

The parson pronounced me deserving of grace. 

And so ihei/ restored me to printing and place. 

But days such as these were too happy lo last ; 

The sand of felicity settled too fast ! 

When I swore and protested I honored the throne, 

The least they could do was to let me alone ; 

Tho' George I compared to an angel above, 

Thev wanted some solider proofs of uiy love ; 

And so they obliged me each morning to come 

And turn in the ranks at the beat of the drum, 

WKil/s ^»ff^rn ^iv^ -^ffc^rn. T f#til it with pain) 

Wliil^ of>wT<t my l>HSt*!r». «• mneb wen* opprat — 

KiM 4h«TiiA »nH ^rtnfnmnn ^ihdll flOTflr the rent. 

Von r|/»TvMI^^ ^ill r.hink f am dealimr in &bfet 

Wh'^n I f^W jnn f 'puirri^ *tn ofir.^4 *tohU — 

Wifh rnnHrA lik^ thi« my fimltntsA are .<«ciixig; 

Th^ n^ir^ thincr will b^. f rnnut heaTe ooi the daog! 

Hi r hi^iTM in th^ ^i^y in dnty too hard^ 

\f%f\ f«)vinfi(f/>n vni^'sm whene'er I moant guard, 

And Uiiy;h« 'f/ill bin mden are ready to split 

With htpi jMfji, and hid Mtiret, and fayings of wit: 

\\**vt\^^^t*. he' 4 «<ixavm^f\ on aeeriont of his poet, 

\\«\ n^nnfit sro by without making his boast, 

All if \ wAii all f.hat ia servile and mean — 

I (fit fortune perbape may alter the scene, 

And ifxvf*. bim bin tnm to utand in the street, 

liurtit. hmntly supfiorting his radical heat. 

Hut what, for the Kin^ or the cause has he done, 

Tbftt WA must Ik; t</tiing while he can look on ? 

(in^jit ^'^A\^\\\v^^X)^ he ;^ave them on paper , tis true, 

WImmi llowi! w;u* nitreating, he made him pursue. 

I'Voiii lii'.rir'f) you may guess I do nothing but grieve. 

Ami wIh^H! wo arc going I cannot conceive — 

Tlio wiH<*Ht among us a change arc expecting. 

It \h not for nothing these ships arc collecting. 

It is not for nothing that Mutfhrics^ the mayor, 

Antl Irgions of t^)rioH, for sailing prepare; 

It is not tor nothing that John Coghill Knapp 

Is tiling his papers and plugging his tap; 

Soo Skinnor himself, the fighting attorney. 

1> boiiini; potatoes to serve a long journey ; 

Hut wlu 10 thov are t:oini:. or meaninir lo travel, 

Woulvi purrlo John Kaustus himself to unravel. 

ro:h.ip> t.» lVnv^b>v\t, to starve in iLv l^arrTrns. 

rc:V.,^j\> t.^ St tlvhu, in the i:u';i\*f St. Lawrence; 

Appendix. 273 

Pcthups to New-Scotland, to perish with cold, 
Perhaps to Jamaica, like slaves to be sold. 
Where scorch'd by the summer all nature repines. 
Where Phoebus, great Phoebus, too glaringly shines, 
And fierce from the zenith diverging his ray 
Distresses the isle with a torrent of day. 
Since matters are thus, with proper submission. 
Permit me to offer my humble petition ; 
(Tho' the form is uncommon, and lawyers may sneer. 
With truth I can tell you, the scribe is sincere.) 
That, since it is plain we are going away, 
You will suffer Hugh Gaine unmolested to stay. 
His sand is near run (life itself is a span) 
So leave him to manage as well as he can : 
Who*er are his masters, or monarchs, or regents. 
For the future he*ll promise to swear them allegiance ; 
If the Turk with his turban should set up at last here 
While he gives him protection he'll own him his master 
And yield due obedience (when Britain is gone) 
Tho* rul'd by the sceptre of Presbyter John, 
My press that has call'd you (as tyranny drove her) 
Rogues, rebels, and rascals, a thousand times over, 
Shall be at your service by day and by night. 
To publish whate'er you think proper to write : 
Those tj/pes which have rais'd George the third to a level 
With angels — shall prove him as black as the devil. 
To him that contriv'd him a shame and disgrace. 
Nor blest with one virtue to honour his race ! 
Who knows but, in time, I may rise to be great. 
And have the good fortune to mancuje a state ? 
Great noise among people great changes denotes. 
And I shall have tnonef/ to purchase their votes ; 
The time is approaching, I'll venture to say. 
When folks of my stamp shall come into play. 
When the false hearted tory shall give himself airs, 
And rise to take h-^ld of the helm of affairs, 
II] 35 

274 History of Printing in America. 

While the honest bold soldier that sought your renown, 
Like a dog in the dirt shall be crushed and held down. 
Of honours and profits allow me a share ! 
I frequently dream of a president's chair ! 
And visions full often intrude on my brain, 
That for me to interpret would be rather vain ! 
Blest seasons advance, when Britons shall find 
That they can be happy, and you can be kind, 
When rebels no longer at traitors shall spurn, 
When Arnold himself shall in triumph return ! 
But my paper informs me its time to conclude. 
I fear my address has been rather too rude — 
If it has — for my boldness your pardon I pray, 
And further, at present, presume not to say, 
Except that (for form's sake) in haste I remain 
Your humble Petitioner — honest — lluaii Gaine. 

Appendix. 275 


[ Page 123. ] 

The following from the pen of Mr. Frencau, amongst several 
other satirical essays, in verse and prose, appeared in the papers of 
the country, before, and at the close of the revolutionary war. 

On Mr. Rivirif/ton's new engraved King^s Anns to his Royal Gazette. 

IPublislied May, 1782.] 

From the regions of night with his head in a sack, 

Ascended a person accoutred in black, 

And upwards directing his circular eye whites 

Like the Jure-divino political Levites, 

And leaning his elbow on Rivington's shelf 

While the printer was busy, thus mus'd with himself — 

^' My mandates are fully comply'd with at last. 
New Arms are engraved, and new letters are cast ; 
I therefore determine, and freely accord, 
This servant of mine shall receive his reward." 

Then turning about, to the printer he said, 
" Who late was my servant shall now bo my aid ; 
Since under my banners so bravely you fight. 
Kneel down I For your merits I dub you a Knight: 
From a passive subaltern I bid you to rise 
The INVENTOR, as well as the PRINTER, of Lies." 


Addressed to the Whigs of New York. 

Long life and low spirits wore never my choice. 
As long as I live I intend to rejoice ; 
When life is worn out, and no wine's to be had, 
'Tis time enough then to be serious and sad. 


'Tie time enoui^h then to reflect and repent 

When our liquor is gone, and our money is spent ; 

But I cannot endure what is practiced by some. 

This anticipating of mischiefs to come. 

A debt must be paid, I am sorry to say, 

Alike, in their turns, by the grave and the gay, 

And due to a despot that none can deceive, 

Who grants us no respite and signs no reprieve. 

Thrice happy is he that from care can retreat. 

And its plagues and vexations put under his feet; 

Blow the storm as it may he is always in trim, 

And the sun's in the zenith forever to him. 

Since the world then in earnest is nothing bat care, 

(And the world will allow I have also my share) 

Yet toss'd as I am in the stormy expanse, ' 

The best way I find, is to leave it to chance. 

Look round if you please and survey the wide ball. 

And chance, you will find, has direction of all ; 

'Twas owing to chance that I first saw the light, 

And chance may destroy me before it is night ! 

Twas a chance, a mere chance, that your arms gain*d the daj, 

Twas a chance that the Britons so soon went away. 

To chance by their leaders the nation is cast. 

And chance to perdition will send them at last. 

Now because I remain when the puppies are gone. 

You would willingly see me hang'd, quarter'd and drawn ; 

Though I think I have logic sufficient to prove 

That the chance of my stay is a proof of my love. 

For deeds of destruction some hundred are ripe, 

But the worst of my foes are your lads of the type: 

Because they have nothing to put on their shelves, 

They are striving to make me as poor as themselves. 

Thcro*d Loudon and Kollock, those strong bulb of Bashta, 

Arc striving to hook mc away from my station, 

And Holt' all at ouce is as wonderful great. 

As if none but himself was to print for the state. 

' M<>ssrs. Ilolt, I^oudoii and Kolloc'k, puldlslicrs of newspapen, and tUen 
lalilv irninNi'd \n New York. 


Ye all are oonvino'd I'd a right to expect 

That a sinner returning you would not reject — 

Quite Bick of the scarlet and slaves of the throne, 

'Tie now at your option to make me your own. 

Suppose I had gone with the tories and rabhle, 

To starve or be drown 'd on the shoals of Cape Sable; 

I had suffer'd, 'tis true — hut I'll have you to know, 

Yon nothing had gained by my trouble and woe. 

You say that with grief and dejection of heart 

I pack'd up my alls with a view to depart. 

That my shelves were dismantled, my cellars unstor'd, 

My boxes afioat, and my hampers on board : 

And hence you infer (1 am sure without reaaon) 

That a right you possess to entangle my wezand — 

But whoever argued, where blood was not spilt. 

That terror of heart la conviction of guilt? 

The charge may be true — for I found it in vain 

To lean on a staff that was broken in twain, 

And ere I had gone at Port Roseway to fis, 

I had chose to sell drams on the margin of -Styx : 

I confess, that with shame and contrition opprext, 

I sign'd an agreement to go with the rest; 

But ere they weigh'd anchor to sail thoir last trip, 

I saw they were vermin, and gave them the slip. 

Now, why should you call me the worst man alive. 

On the word of a convert I cannot contrive j 

Though turn'd a plain honest republican, still 

Too own me no proselyte, do what I will. 

My paper ia alter'd — good people don't fret — 

I call it no longer the Royal Gazette ; 

To me a groat monarch has lost all his charmB, 

I have pall'd down his LiON, and trampled his Arjis, 

While fate was propitious, I thought they might 8t;ind, 

(YoQ know I was Eealons for George's command,) 

Bilt since he disgrac'd it, and left us behind, 

If I thought him an angel, I've alter'd my mind. 

278 History or pRijmxG ik America. 

On iho rery same daj that hU armj went henoe, 
I c^4MiM Ui tell lien for the sake of his pence ; 
And what was the reason ? the tme one is best, 
T worship no sans when thej hang to the west. 
In thiM I resemble a Turk or a Moor, 
Bright PhcDbns ascending I prostrate adore ; 
And thercffire excuse me for printing some lays, 
An ode or a Honnct in Washington's praise. 
His prudenoo alone has preserved your dominions, 
This chief of all chiefs, and the pride of Virginians ! 
And when ho is gone — I pronounce it with pain — 
Wo Hcurcoly shall meet with his equal again. 
Old Plato aMsorted that life is a dream, 
And man but a shadow, (whatever he may seem) 
]iy whioh it is plain, he intended to say 
That man like a shadow must vanish away. 
If this be the fact, in relation to man, 
And if each one is striving to get what he can, 
1 hope, while I live, you will all think it best 
To allow mo to bustle along with the rest. 
A view of my lite, though simie parts might be solemn, 
Wo\ild iiinko. on the whole, a ridiculous volume. 
In (ho HlV» (hat's hcrcattor i^to speak with submiasioD') 
1 hopo 1 Am\\\ publish a hotter edition. 
Kvon swino you {HTinit to subsist in the street; 
Vou pity A dog that lies down to l>e l»eat : — 
Thon forpet what is j>ast — for the year's at a ck*e — 
\nd men oi' my ajjo have s<.tmo no<d of repose- 

The/oUoKivg hvmorovs aJdreis appearril in tliejnihlic paptrt, soon 

ajier the revolutionary war ended. It is the production of the late 

Dr. Wiihertpoon o/ Philadelphia, and appears in his tcorki. 

"SUPPLICATION OF .!*•** R»*«**". 

"To his Excellency Heury Laurens, Efiqnire, President, and other the 

Members of the Honoruble the American Congress, &o. &c. ko. 
"The hamble Represents tioi 
PriDt«r and Bookseller ii 

and earnest Supplication of J. 1 

New York, 

'' Retpectfully ihewclh, 

"That a great part of the British forces hos already left this city, 
and from many aymptonia there is no reason to suepcot, that the 
remainder will speedily follow them. Where they are gone, or going, 
is perhaps known to themselves, perhaps not; certainly, however, it 
is ooknown to us, the loyal inhabitants of the place, and other friends 
of government who have taken refuge in it, and who are therefore 
filled with distress and terror on the unhappy occasion. That as 
Boon as the evacuation is completed, it is more than probable, the 
city will he taken possession of by the forces of your high mighti- 
Deases, followed by vast crowds of other persons — whigs by nature 
and profession — friends to the liberties, and foes to the enemies of 
America. Above all, it, will undoubtedly be filled with shoals of 
Tankies, that is to say, the natives and inhabitants, or as a great 
Isdy in this metropolis generally ezpressea it — tbo tcretchei of 

"That from several oireu Distances, there is reason W fear that 
tbe behavior of the wretches aforesaid, may not be altogether gentle 
to such of the friends of government as shall stay behind. What 
the governing powers of the slate of New York may do also, it is 
impossible to foretell. Nay, who knows but we may soon see, in 
propria prrnona, as we have often heard of Horlcitiius, the Governor 
of New-Jerecy, a gentleman remarkable lor severely handling those 
whom he calls traitors, and indeed who has exalted some of them 
(quanquum anirons meminisse horrct luctu-que refogif) to a high, 
though depoodont station, and brought America uwler their ffct, in 
a sense very different from what Lord North meant whin be first 

280 History of Printing in America. 

used that cclcbrat<id expression. That your petitioner in particular, 
is at the j^reateHt loss what to resolve upon, or how to shape his 


course. He has no desire at all, either to be roasted in Florida, or 
frozen to death in Canada or Nova Scotia. Being a great lover of 
fresh cod, he has had thoughts of trying a settlement in Newfound- 
laud, hut recollecting that the New-England men have almost all the 


same a])])etite, he was obliged to relin(]uish that project entirely. If 
he should go to (ireat Hritain, dangers no less formidable present 
themselves. Having been a bankrupt in London, it is not impossi- 
ble that he might be accommodated with a lodging in Ncwgat<5, and 
that the ordinary there, might oblige him to say his prayers, a prac- 
tice from which he hath had an insuperable aversion all his life hmg. 
In this dreadful dilemma, ho. hath at determined to apply to 
your high mightinesses, and by this memorial to htt/ himadf at your 
frct^ which he assures you, is the true; modish jjhrase for respectful 
submission, according to the present eti()uctte of the court. Beint; 
informed, however, that some of you are Presbyt^jrians, and Reli- 
gionists, he has been also at some pains to find out a scripture war- 
rant or exampK^ for his present conduct, and has happily found it 
in the advii-e given by the servants of Benhadad, king of Syria, to 
their master, J Kings, xx, .'>l-.*»-. Ami his Aironntu said unto him, 
Jlfhi'lil nnir, iv hurt- hmni that fhr hiiujs nf th*' hnum*' <tf Isniel arc 
fiu rci/ul himjA : Lf f us, Wf j)r(ft/ thn , put s^u/crloth ujton our lniu$, and 
ntff's iijinn ntir hf (/(is. nufi i/o out to thn kimj of Isnu'l : pr. rati cent arc 
hr will stirr th// liff'. So th'j/ i/irdtti snr/cclofh uptm th*'i.r ItjiiiHy and 
j)ut I'oju.s ujtou thnr hrnds, (ttnl canH'. to thr h' in t/ of Israel, and f aid, 
tht/ sri'Cfiiit Jirnhmhiii saith, I pi'tiy the.*: hi nir liv*\ In like luaDOer, 

most mighty and venerable congress-men, your servant, J. R 

saith, J pray you let me live. 

^' Having thus prel'erred my petition, I must now cotreat leave 
to lay before your high mightinesses, sundry reasons, which I hope 
will incline you to lend a favorable car to it, in doing which, I shall 
use all possible plainness and candor. 1. In the first place, there 
cannot possibly bo any dangor to the United States io BoflferiDgme 
to live. I know many of you think and say, that a tory heart ao- 
quircs such a degree of aonrnew and malevolenoe, in addition to id 
Dative stock, ap^ of fareaohery, by breaking throvgh 



the moBt eodeariDg ties of aature, that no gmxl can bo expected 
from it, nor any dependence placed upon it, let pretences or uppear- 
ances ^^e what they will. I remember also, about seven ^ears ago, 
a certain persoa bearing accidentally one or two paragraphs read 
from the writings of an eminent controversial divine in this country, 
aaid, That fellow muai, be a turuooat ; it is impoBsible that he could 
have been educated in the proression which ho nowdefonda. What 
is your reason for that opinion ? said another gentlemaa who waa 
present — Because, says he, he discovers a rancor of spirit aod rol- 
tenness of heart, unattainable by any other class of men. But I 
contend that these remarks relate only to the natives of this country, 
vho like parricides took up arma for her destruction; and to apos- 
tates is religion ; neither of which, I am certain, can be applied to 
me. I was born, as ia well known, in old England; and aa for the 
uccuflatioD of apostacy, I set it at defiance, uuleiis a man cao be said 
to fall off from what he waa never on, or to depart from a ptaoo which 
he never saw. But what I beg of you particularly to observe is, that 
let the disposition to mischief be aa great as you pleaae, where the 
ability is wanting, there can be no danger. I have often seen the 
liooa in the tower of London without fear, becnase there was an iron 
grate between me and them. Now it ia certain that the tories in 
general would do any thing sooner than fight. Many of them be- 
came tories for do other reason than that they might avoid fighting. 
The poor chicken 'hearted creatures cried out to the potent king of 
England, to lake them under his wings for protection, which he 
endeavoured to do, but they were too short to cover them. Even 
the late petition for arms, in which they promised to go without the 
liuea, and sweep you. all away with the besom of destruction, was 
but an idle rhodoroontade, — It was something like a poor boy shout- 
ing and singing in the dark, to keep himself from being afraid. At 
that very time, to my certain knowledge, they would have given the 
world for a place to fly to, out of the reach of Washington and Gat«s. 
But I return l« myself, cjomH eum proximu* mihi. I can assure 
yonr high mightinesses, that no danger can arise from me, for I am 
a« great a coward aa King James Vlth of Scotland, who could never 
see a naked sword without trembling; having been, as it is s.iid. 



2S2 History of Printing in America. 

fri^liti'iicil ill his muthur's belly, when tlic GtTCO barons of thut 
CDUutry caiijK in iim! kilk-d Diivid UiMio in her presence. I was 
oiiti' Hiiverely ciiricil by a Seota nlBtor nuw (if euiplojudj in yuur 
Burviec. I'hnu^^h the. gentlemen rif that eholeric nation havo Ikcq 
vury iijuch our friends in the {iruxciit controverny, I find it ie daii- 
gerouH t<) iiffeiid theui. Dueliunun timir own hmUirma e&ys, jierfir- 
viihiii ml Sc'il'irum iHi/rnhnn. Tlierefure, by the by, or en pastanl, 
fur 1 sup])(Mio yiii are ut presi.-nt beiit plciit^cd with l''rcncli pbrasefl, [ 
would udvixe every niun who ri-pirdi' hi.'< own peiiec, Lowcvur Hoiouth 
uad f^ciilli! a Scotchniiin uiiiy iippuur, not (o tttko hjin affntni'l iht 
hn'i\ :iH the Kiiyin;: in in their own enuiitry, hut to rouiomber the 
motto ihiit >!nrroundf tin? tlii^tl<>, Xrmn iiir im/iunr luri-mf. i ubii 
very narrowly iwiipid a noiind bciilii];; from a, New Knpland parson, 
who wiiK stroni; enough, without either cane or i-ud^ul, U> huvc 
jiounded lue to a niutJiniy. All tliiH, iiiid much more of the »ime 
kind. I hure with the ni"st e:;i'ni[>hiry patience and subiiiiHition. 
I'erh:i|>9 it will bi- n:ii<l. th:it tliou;;li no dan^'er ii4 to Ix! apprehended 
from any dei-ds, yet I may do hiirni eiion<;h by words and writing. 
To thirl I answer, that 1 have expt-nded and exhausted my whole = 
tiitiilty of that kind in the ii.'rvice of tin: Kn^tlinb. I have tried ^ 
Jiilio'biHid and iiiisrcprust'titatioii in every Hhapc that (?i>uld be thnu^iht.^;:^ 
i,t'. so th:il it is like a r.>at (brlr,: (urn.-d th:.t will not h.dd a sin<:le^^ 

own shop, that I <-;irri.^d [liin^is =^r> far tl>:il people e^uild not beliuVk^. 
one word I siiil. I'V.j, ihoii-h it were as trne as the •.'<«pel. FnitM. -, 
all this I liopi: it plainly app.'arri that ther.^ e.jiiid be no dunricr frot: .^^ 
me; and tlierefor.' M you eaiiroit «un-ly think ..f bein^ eruel f-.r en _, 
elly't Kike, lliat you will suiTer me tii live. '1. Atiy further punisl^K. 
ment upon me. or any other of the unhappy rufuf;;eca who Hh::=z^|I 
remain in Xew York, will be alto<:ether unneM>s!Uiry, for they ■ » ^ u 
Bufl'er :Lnd will sulTer from the initurc of the thing, aa much a^^ | 
mcmful man could wish to impoae upon his greatest enemy. ~~^j 
tbif i mean the dreadful luoriificatioii (^after our pagt puffing E^^uid 
Vttuuliut;} of l>e\ng under Uie dominion of (.'"npreBn. iwein)i and h^^j,, 
irig the condilcl and cliflt-ourse of the friends of Auiorim, and perl -» ^p,, 
being put in miud of our own, iu foriuor limes Vou havu iiniba^tlj 
seen many of the ICoglisb newHpnpc^rs, and also some of mine, and 


you hare among you the few prisoners who. by a miracle escaped 
death in our baads. By all these^means you may tearu, with what 
inBoite cooientpt, witb wbiit provoking insult, and with what unex- 
ampled burbarity. your people have, from the beginoiDg to tbe end 
been treated by the British officers, excepting a very small number, 
but above all by the tories and refugees, who not having tbe facnlty 
of fighting, were obliged to lay out their whole wrath and lualioe in the 
article of speaking. I remember, when one of the prisoners, taken 
after the gallant defence of Fort Wasbidgton, had received several 
kicks for not being in bis rank, he said. Is this the way of treating 
a gentleman? Tbe answer was, G — d d — n your blood, who made 
you a gentleman ? which was heard by us all present with unspeakable 
satisfuctioD, and ratified by general applause. I have also seen oua 
of your officers, after long imprisonment, lor want of clothes food 
and lodging, a£ meagre as a skeleton and as dirty and ababby as a 
London beggar, when one of our friends would say witb infinite 
humour. Look you, there is one of King Cong's ragged rascals. You 
must remember the many sweet names given you in priut, in England 
and America, Rebels, Rascals, Ragga muffins, Tatterdemalions, Scoun- 
drels. Blackguards, Cowards, and Poltroons, You cannot be ignorant 
bow many and bow complete victories we gained over you, and what 
a figure you made In our narratives. We never once made you to 
rtirttU. seldom even to _^y as a routed army, but to ran off into the 
teooift, to ifcampfr away through the fielth, and to take to your Aee& 
a* ntual. You will probably soon see tbe gazette uecount of the 
defeat of Mr. Washington at Monmouth. There it will appeur how 
joD scampered olf, and bow tbe English followed you and mowed 
you down, till their offioers, wiib that humanity wliieli is the charac- 
teristic of the nation, put a stop to this carnuge, and then by a mas- 
terly stroke oF generaUbip, stole a march in tbe night, lest you should 
have scampered back again and obliged them to wake a new slaughter 
tu the morning. Now, dear gentlemen, consider what a miserable 
affair it must be for a man to be obliged to apply witb humility and 
self abasement to those whom he hath so treated, nay, even to beg 
life of them, while his own heart upbraids him with his past conduct, 
and perhaps bis memory is refreshed with the repetition of some of 
hia rhetorical flowers. It is generally said that our friend Burgoyne 

284 History of Printing in America. 

VIS treated with abundance of oivilitj by General Galea, and yet I 
think it could Dot be very pleasing to him to see and hear the bojs, 

when he entered Albany, going bel'ore and orjing " Elbtne Hoom 
for General Burgoyno there," Fear and trembling have already 
taken hold of many of the refugees and friends of government in 

this place. It would break your hearts to bear poor Sam S , of 

Philadelphia, weeping and wailing, and yet he was a peaeeable qua- 
ker who did nothing in the world but hire guides to the English 
parties who were going out lo surprise and butcher jou. My brother 

of trade, G , is so much affected, that some say be has lost, or 

will soon lose his reason. For my own part, I do not think 1 rou 
any risk in that respect. All the wisdom that I was ever possesBed 
of is in me still, praised be God, and likely to bo so. A man that 
has run the gauntlet of creditors, duns and bailiffs, for years in Kng- 
laad, and baa been cudgelled, kicked, and p — d upon in America, 
is in no danger of losing his reason by any circumstance whatever, 
80 long as there is the least prospect of saving bis life. I have heard 
some people say, that dishnnor was worse than death, bnt with the 
great Sancho Paoza, I was always of a different opinion. I hope, 
therefore, your honors will consider my sulTerings as sufficient to 
atone for my offences, and allow me to CDntinue in peace and qaiet, 
and according to the North British proverb. Sleep in a whole Skin. 
3. I heg leave to suggest, that upon being received into favour, I 
think it would bs in my power to serve the United States in several 
important respects. I believe many of your ofhcera want politeness. 
Tbey are like old Cinciunatua, taken from the plough ; and there- 
fore muat still have a little roughness in their manners and deport- 
ment. Now, I myself am the pink of courtesy, a genteel, portly, 
well looking fellow, as you will see In a summer's day. I understand 
and possess the bir.iitf.ancc, the manner, the grace, so largely insistod 
on by Lord (.'hcsterfield ; and may without vanity aay, I could teach 
it better than his Lordship, who in that article Iiaa remarkably failed. 
I hoar with pleasure that your people are pretty good sobolaro, and 
hnve made, particularly, very huppy advances in the art of swearing, 
BO essentially necessary to a gentleman, yet I dire say they will 
themselves confess, that they are still in this respect far Inferior to 
the Knglish army. There \», by all accounts, a coarseness and same- 



in their ezpresBioD ; whereas there is v&riety, sprightliDeas and 
Xgare, id the oatbs of geDtleiaen well edaoated. Dean Swift says 
''Tery justly, " A footman may swear, but he cannot swear lite a 
Jord." Now we have many lords in the English nrmj, all of whom 
irhen they were here, were pleased to honor me with their friendship 
ftnd iDtimacy ; so that I hope my [|aaHfiuation8 can hurdly be dis- 
puted. I have imported many of the uiost necessary articles for 
appearance in genteel life. I can give them Lavornitti'a aoap balls 
.Id wa«h their brown hands clean, perfumed gloves, paint, powder, 
knd pomatum. I can also furnish the New-England men with rings, 
■eala, awords, canes, snuff boxes, tweezer eases, and many other such 
motions, to carry hom« to their wives and mistresses, who will be 
naTKnt-glad to see tbem. You are also to know that I import a 
great many patent medicines, which may be of use to your army. 
It is said that some of them are exceedingly liable to a disorder 
called by physicians the rancomania, which is frequently followed 
by the two twin diseases of plumbopbobia and siderophobia. If they 
will but submit to a strict regimen, and take the tincture drops aud 
pills which I prepare, I am confident the cure in most cases would 
be infallible. I have been informed, that a certain person, well 
l^nown to your august body, has clearly demonstrated that virtue 
Slid severity of manners are necessary to those who would pull an 
old goTernment down, which feat is now happily uooomplished ; but 
that luxury, dissipation, and a taste for pleasures, are equally neces- 
JWry to keep up a government already settled. As I suppose you 
folly convinced of this most salutary truth, I take it for granted, 
r that yoD have settled governments in all the states, you are 
looking out for proper persons to soden the rigid virtue of the Ame- 
Ticans, and lay them asleep in the lap of self-indulgence. Now, I 
■ID proud to say, that there is not a, man on this continent more able 
to serve you in this respect, than myself. I have served many of 
the ilritiah officers in a most honorable station and charuct«r, of 
which the great Pandaros of Troy was the most ancient example. 
If I am happy enough to make my own conversation and manners 
the standard of the mode, I believe you will see very powerful effects 
fif it in a short time. But if after recovering your friendship myself, 
I am able also to bring back and reconcile to bis country the Rev. 

I 286 History of Printing in America. 

Dr. A , I believe the Bystem will he perfect. That gentleman, 

b; hia robust form, ia well fitted to be an eccleaiastical bruiser, if 
suoh an officer should be uceded ; uiid, with all due deferoace to the 

i officers of the Americnn array, I should thiok thitt a better way of 
terminatini; differences among them in the lost resort than eword or 
pistol, for many obvioua reasoas. He has alno distiDguished himself 

'l by the publication of some poems, oa subjects extremely well suited 
to the eharaoLerof acliristian clergyman, and very proper for iaittat- 
ing the tender mind in the softest and most delicious of all arts, viz. 

I the art of love. Finally, I hope I may be of service to the United 

I States, as a writer, publisher, collector, and maker of news. I men- 
tion this with some diffidence-, because, perhaps, you will thinic I 
have foreclosed myself from such a claim, by confessing (as above) 
that my credit as a newswriter is broken by overstretching. But it 
ia common enough for a man in business, when his credit is wholly 
gone in one place, by shifting his ground, and taking a new departure, 
to flourish away, and make as great or greater figure than before. 
How long that splcudor will last is another matter, and belongs to 
an after consideration. I might therefore, though my credit ia gone 
in New York, set up again in the place which is honored with your 

( residence. Besides, I might write those thinga only or chiefly, which 
you wish to be disbelieved, and thus render you the must essential 

. service. This would be aiming and arriving at the same point, by 
maneauvering retrograde. Once more, as I have been the ostensible 
printer of other people's lies in New York, what is to hinder me from 
keeping incog, and inventing or polishing lies, to be issued from ihe 
press of another printer in Philadelphia ? In one, or more, or all of 
these ways, I hope to merit your approbation. It would be endless 
to mention all my devices ; and therefore I will only say further, that 
I can take a truth, and ao puff and swell and adorn it, still keeping 

I the proportion of its parts, but enlarging their dimensions, that you 
could hardly discover where the falsehood lay, in case of a strict 
investigation. That I may not weary you, I conclude with recom- 
mending myself to your kind countenauoe and protection; and in 
the mean time, waiting far a favorable answer, your petitioner, as in 
duty bound, shall ever pray, &c. 


ThefiSowmg u the Addraie of Andrea Marvti to the Public, inlro- 
during The Cottititutional Courant. 

" WheD a new public paper niaUea itB appearHnce, the reader will 
natarally be curiou§ to kuow from whence it came, the publisher, 
aod tbfl desigD of it. To gratify that curiosity, know reader, that 
the publisher having formerly acquired a competent knowledge of 
the printing bneinesB, for his amusement, fnrniahed himaelf with a 
Bet of proper materials; and the authors of the foUuwing pieces 
having acquainted him that they applied to the Printers in New 
York, who refused to publish them in their newepaperB — not because 
they diBapproyed tliem, or were apprebeusive of danger, but because 
several of their friends had been ansious on their account, and par- 
ticularly desired them to be careful not to publish any thin^ that 
might give the enemies of liberty an advantage, whioh they would 
be glad to take over them ; and as these pieces are thought to be 
wrote with greater freedom than any thing that baa yet appeared in 
the public prints, they thought proper to shew so much eomplaisance 
to the advice of their friends bb to desire to be CKcused, and to return 
the copies: But I. who am under no fear of disobliging either friends 
or eDomicd, was pleased with the opportunity of turning my private 
Amusement to the pnblio good; I not only undertook to publish 
them, but now inform my countrymen, that I shall occasionally pub- 
lish any thing else that falls in my way, which appears to me to be 
calculated to promote the cause of liberty, of virtue, of religion, and 
my country, of love and reverence to its laws and constitution, and 
aushakcD loyalty to the king — And so I bid you heartily farewell. 
Andrew Habvel." 





conseqneDtly to see that part of his People wbo are settled here, in 
a flourishing and happj State. 

" Yet, however gracious his Majeatj's Inteutions are towards us, 
it must be owned that without some Regard to what has been hinted 
at in relatioD to the Produce and Manufactures of this Province, we 
shall not only be so injurious to ourselves, but slao bo ungrateful to 
him, as in a great measure to frustrate those his Intentions. 

"This, it is hoped, may be some little lucitemeut to abler pens to 
assist and promote tbis Design. 

"But since it has proved true from Experience, that Papers of 
this Kind, ealculatcd only for the Use of the more serious Part of 
Mankind, have been by many thrown aside, who might perhaps have 
been agreeably led into the perusal of them, had the Duiee been 
artfully interspersed with the Utile, it may not be amiss to acquaint 
our Renders, that even those, whose genius reaches no further than 
Amusement, will be deemed good Correspondents, provided they 
carefully avoid giving OlTeoce either publto or private ; and particu- 
larly, that they forbear all Coniroversics both in Church and State ; 
for since the principal Thing in View by publishing these Papers, is 
the general Service of the People residing in this Province, let as not 
(however incapable we may prove of accomplishing our Purpose) at 
once defeat it by that Bane of all Civil Society, Party Division ; but 
rather let us be mindful that our Number is small; our Unity ought, 
therefore, to be greater, as well for the Advancement of our own 
Interests, as the Honour and Service of the Prince under whose 
Oovernraent and Protection we have the Happiness to live. 

" In a word, snch may be assured of having their Essays, whether 
in Prose or Verse, inserted in this Paper every Saturday, who take 
care that the Purport of them be not too manifestly opposite to the 
Principles laid down in the following Lines, which we have been 
btely obliged with by an unknown hand, and cannot think unworthy 
the Sight of those we could wish to bo Correspondents, nor yet disa- 
greeable to the Hint we have borrowed from Horace at the Head of 
our Paper, Yours, &c. 


History of Feinting in America. 

'■ To aU ivlim 

" I'm not High Church, nor Low Church, nor Tory nor Whig, 

No flatt'riug young Coxcomb, nor formal old Prig; 

Not et«riiBlly talking, nor silently quaint, 

No profligate Sinner, nor pragmatical Saint. 

I'm not vain of my Judgment nor pinned on a Sleeve, 

Nor, implicitly, any Thing can I believe. 

To 8ift Truth from all Rubbish, I do what I can, 

And God knowB if I err I'm a fallible Man. 

I can laugh at a Jeat, if not cracked out of lime, 

And exeuae a Mistake though not flatter a. Crime. 

Any faults of my friends, I wou'd scorn to expose, 

And detest private Scandal though cast on my Foes. 

I put none to the Blush on whatever Pretence, 

For Immodesty shocks both good Breeding and Sense. 

No man's Person I hate, though his Conduct I blame, 

I can censure a Vice without stabbing a Name. 

To amend — not reproach — is the Bent of my Mind ; 

A reproof is half lost when ill Nature is join'd. 

Where Merit appears, though in Rags, I respect it, 

And plead Virtue's cause, shou'd the whole World reject iL 

Cool reason I bow to wheresoever 'tis found, 

And rejoice when sound Learning with Favor is crown'd. 

To no party a Slave, in no Squabbles I join, 

Nor damn the Opinion that differs from mine. 

Kvil t«ngues I contemn, no mob Treasons I sing, 

I dote on my Country, and am Liege to my King. 

Tho' length of Days I desire, yet with my last Breath 

I'm in hopes to betray no meaa dreadings of Death. 

And as to the Path after Death to be trod, 

I rely on the will of a Merciful God." 



[ Page 198. J 

The loQg article ob Newspapers, in Appleton'B New Am 
Cyclopeilia, Yol. xii, published in ISOl, was apparently prepared with 
considerable labor, and contaiaa a good deal of statistical iaforma- 
tioD. Id the portion relating to this conntry, althoagh the writer 
has drawn freely from Mr. Thomas's History, there are aomedlffereacea 
of statement aa well as much additional matter belonging to a later 
period of time. Aa authorities are seldom given, there are wanting 
means of determining the actual or comparative accuracy of the 
eeveral accounts. 

The Cyclopedia says : " la Spanish America the first newspaper 
vu founded in Chili in 1312." "In Mexico the oldest newspaper 
ia El Siglio XIX, which is published daily and supports liberal 
principles." " In the present British American colonies, the credit 
of establishing the earliest newspaper belongs to the island of Bar- 
bados, where Seimer founded the Bnrhadoi Gasctte, in 1731. 
Thirty-one years afterwards, in 1762, appeared the Barhudoi Mer- 
cury, which continued till 18-15. In the other British West India 
islands newspapers were introduced as follows: Grenada, 1742; 
Antigua, 1748; St. Kitta, 1748; Dominica, 1765; St. Vincent, 
1784. Id July of the latter year the Bermuda ffoseffe was founded. 
In Canada the Qu^j'.c Gazette appeared in 1765, and the Montreal 
Gazette in 1775. In Nova Scotia, the Hnli/nx Gamtte appeared ' 
in 1751, but was not firmly established till 1760. Id New Bruns- 
wick two or three newspapers were published at St. Johns in 1782." 

These statements may be compared with those of the present 
work.— B: 




Anthology, and Boston Review. Published Mootbty, al ] 
for the Proprietore. Printed by Thoinas B. Wait and Compi 
Vnna five dollars per annum. 

Panoplift, or Gospel Magazine. Monthly, at Boston, for the I 
prietora. Printed at GhaclestowD, by Samuel Armatrong. 

Omnium Gatherum. Monthly, At Boston. 

Christian Monitor. Quarter yearly. Half bound. Pnbliahed « 
Boston for the Proprietors. Price two dollars per aunum. 

Bihliothique Portative. Monthly, at Boslon. Printed by I 
ingham, True and Titcomb. 

Boiton Mirror. Weekly, on Saturdny. Demy quarto. ! 
two dollars and fifty cents per annum. Printed by E. Oliver, 

Something. Weekly. Printed at Boston. 

The Evangelical Magazine. Monthly, at Qartford. Publislu 
by Peter B. Gleaa^n. 


Medical Repository and Reviitw of Medical, Surgical and i 
entijic Knaicleihje. Monthly, at New York. Lately publisiM 
quarter yearly, by J. &. T. Swords, but now by Miller and Miloball 

Medical anil PhiloiopAiral Journal and Review. SeniiaDnnt 
Pnblished by J. k. T. Swords. 

Tlic Cliurchman't Magazine. At New York. Published bj;, 
& T. Swords. 



Rambler's Magazine. Monthly, at New York. 

New York Weekly Museum. Every Saturday. Half a sheet, 
h quarto. Published by M. Harrison. 

Jbumai Det Dames. Monthly, at New York. 

Seet't Cyclopedia, \i\ half Tolumes, quarter yearly, at Philadelphia, 
"by Samuel F, Bradford. 

Purt Folio. Puhlished monthly, at Philadelphia, ediled by Jo- 
seph Den Die. 

Select Revieic, and Spirit of Fordijn Maijasine*. Monthly. At 

Mirror of Tatte, and Dramalic Centor. Monthly. Philadelphia. 

Literary Reporter. Irr^olarly, Printed by D. Hogan, Phila- 

JJ'Bemi^here. A literary and political joarnal, in the French 
language. 16 pages, medium. Published weekly, at Philadelphia, 
fcy J. J. Negrin. 

Philadelphia Repertory. Weekly. Published by Dennis Hart. 

Tickler. One sheet, tblio, weekly. Printed at Philadelphia, by 
George Hembold. 


American Lav; Journal, and Miscellancont Rf^fitori/. Slonthly, 
Mt Baltimore. John E. Hall, editor. 

The Visitor. Every week. Half a sheet, quarto. Printed by 
2jyncb and Southgate, in Richmond. 

The Li/nchburffh Evangelical Magaiiiie. Published monthly at 
lynchbnrgh. Printed by William W. Gray. 
The Garden. A smalt work of twelve pages, 12rao. Published 
erety other week, at Bairdstown, by William Dromgoole. 

The Muteum. Published monthly, at Nashville, by T. G. Bradford. 

There may be other periodical literary publicutions io the United 
StAtea, witb which 1 am not acijuaioted. 








•Pennsylvania Gazette, 


Hall & Sellers. 

Pennsylvania Journal, 


W. & T. Bradford. 

•Pennsylvania Packet, 


John Dunlap. 

Pennsylvania Ledger, f 


James Humphreys. 

Pennsylvania Evening Post, f do. 

Benjamin Towne. 

Pennsylvania Mercury, t 


Story & Humphreys. 

n. Miller's Gkrman paper. 


Henry Miller. 

C. Sower's German paper. 


Christopher Sower. 

English and Gkrman paper, 


Lahn, Albright and 

Maryland Gazette, 


Fred. & Sam'l Green. 

3Iaryland Journal, 


William Goddard. 

Yirginia Gazette, 


Purdie and Dixon. 

Virginia Gazette, 


WUliam Rind. 

North Carolina Gazette, Newbem, James Davis, 

Cape Fear Mercury, 

Wilmington, Adam Boyd. 


South Carolina Gazette, Charleston, 

South Carolina and American 

General Gazette, do. 

South Carolina Gazette and 

Country Journal, do. 

Peter Timothy. 
Robert Wells. 
Charles Crouch. 

Georgia Gazette, 


James Johnston. 

Other Colonies. In 1775. 

Xova Scotia Gazette, Halifax, Anthony Henry. 

Quebec Gazette, Eng. and Fr.y Quebec, Brown & Gilmore. 

296 History op 

Printing in 

America. ^M 

P«Mi»hfd in me UniUd Stulet in the beginn 

inff of the year 1810. ^M 

FodenllBla. fl.Nealnl. W^j^l 

Weekly. ni>. Seml-WMUf . la 

1. Trl-wwklj. • Publlibsd bclbn the Rsralutloii, ^H 

NEW HAMPBHIBE. [12 Paiwre.] ^| 

■mat of Nempapen. 


Publisher*- Namt*. ■ 

r. New Hampshire Gazette, • 

w., Portamouth, 

William Weeks. ^H 

/. Porwmouth Oraclt, m.. 


WUliaiu TreadweU. ^H 

/ Intelligencflr, «•., 


Samuel Whidden. H 

n. Bun. «., 


Samuel Bragg, jun. ^H 

/. Farmei-'B Museum, «., 


Cheever Ft-leh. ^H 

n. Farmer'a Cabiod, »., 


Richard Boylston, ^H 

/ Dartmouth Gazette, w.. 


C. & W. 8. Spear. H 

/. Concord Qnzetiti, w., 


J. C. Tuttie. ^1 

r. New Hampshire Patriot, le 


Isaac Hill. ■ 

w., Keene, 

Johu Prentiaa. ^| 

f. Cooa Courier, ir., 


Tbeopb. L. Honghtoo. ^H 

/. ConaUtutionailst, w.. 


Ephraira C. Beats. ^H 

KASSACHUSETT8. [33 Papers.] | 


Russell, fd., Burdick, pr. 

r. Indepemlent Chronicle, «w. 


Adams, Rhoadea & Co. 

/.New England Pftllailium,«c., do. 

Young & Minns. 

f. Boston Patriot, «w., ' 


Everett, ed., Munroe, pr. 

/, Boston Gaziale, mc. 


Russell & Cutler. 

f. Repertory, «w.. 


J. & A. W. Park. 

«. Fredonian, m.. 


B. G. House. [Dis.] 

/ Maasacbusetts Spy. • «c.. 

Worcester, . 

' Isaiah Thomas, jun. 

r. NaUonal ^fils. "■. 


Henry Rogera, 

/ Salem Gazette, «w., 


Thoma« C. Cushing. 

r. EsstiX Uegialer, tie.. 


Pool & Palfray. 

f. Newbutypon Herald, «w., 


, E. W. Allen, 


N. H. Wright 

/. Jlerimack lnU:lligeiicer, w., 


W, B. Allen. 

/. Hamisbire Gazett.-, «., 


,, William Butler. 

r. Anti-Monarchist, le.. 


Propr's. C. 

f. Greenfield Gazette, ic. 


John Denio. 

/. Hampahlro Federalist, w.. 


Thomas Didnnun. 

f. Parmer's Herald, w.. 


E. P. Seymour for Pro'i. 



Phinehaa AUen. 

/. Berkshire Reporter, w.. 


Milo Smith 4 Cfl. 

/. PoUtleal Recorder,^., 


■ papers were untted 

Salmon Wilder. 

with the COmmtrHoi Oattlf, 

>Oa IbeU »>r. IMO, thCBe rtaui 

nndDr ihB UUi! of U« ZtoUy AilBtHittr and PalrM. iiud i 

> coantrj paper t-rinlod ulle4 

tin Se-roB j^^KVaUf JdHrdw. 

N«lJiiuiH«lii, editor,- 




/ New Bedford Mercurj', w., 
r. Old Colony Gazette, w., 
/ Portland Gazette, w., 
r. Eastern Argus, «j., 
/ Freeman's Friend, tr., 
/. Gazette of Maine, w., ^ 
/. Eagle, w.y 

r. American Advocate, w?., 
/. Herald of Liberty, w., 
r. Weekly Visiter, tr., 

New Bedford, 



Bucks town, 
Hallo well, 

Benjamin Lindsey. 
Billings & Tucker. 
Arthur Shirley. 
Francis Douglas. 
John MacKnown. 
William W. Clapp. 
Samuel Hall. 
Nathaniel Checver. 
Peter Edes. 
James K. Remich. 

RHODE ISLAND. [7 Papers.] 

/ Newport Mercury, ♦ «?., Newport, 
r. Rhode Island Republican, ir., do. 

/. Providence Gazette, ♦ «?., Providence, 
r. Columbian Phenix, tr., do. 

/. Rhode Island American, »tr., do. 

/. Herald of the United Stat<?s, t«., Warren, 
r. Bristol County Register, «?., do. 

Rousmaniere ^ Barber. 
William Simons. 
John Carter. 
Jones & Wheeler. 
Dunham & Hawkins. 
John F. Phillips. 
Golden Dearth. 

CONNECTICUT. [12 Papers.] 

/. Connecticut Gazette, * w., 
/. Connecticut Journal, * t/?., 
/. Connecticut Herald, w., 
/. Connecticut Courant, ♦ t/?., 
r. American Mercury, tc.^ 
f. Connecticut Mirror, w., 
n. Norwich Courier, w., 
f. Connecticut Intelligencer, t/>., 
/. Windham Ilemld, w , 
/. Bridgeport Advertiser, ?r., 
/. Bridgeport Giizette, ir., 
/. Middlesex Gazette, w.. 

f. Vermont Journal, w., 
r. Vermont Republican, i/)., 

/ Washingtonian, to., 

r. Green Mountain Farmer, u^., 

/. Reporter, w., 

/. Vermont Centinel,to., 

/. Veimont Courier, w., 

r. RaUand Herald, «., 

» ▲ paper with tU« tltto wm b^;iiii at Portland in 1700 by B. TItcomb, Jr., at which 
tat OM othar p^tr ta that district (m It was called), and bat six in New 

New London, 

Samuel Green. 

New Haven, 

Eli Hudson. 


Oliver Steele & Co. 


Hudson & Goodwin. 


Elisha Babcock. 


Charles Hosmer. 


Russell Hubbard. 


John C. Gray. 

VV indham. 

John Byrne. 


Hezekiah Ripley. 


J. Bulkley. 


T. <fc J. B. Dunning. 

T. [15 Paix?rs.] 


Alden Spooner. 


Prop's. Farnsworth & 



Josiah Dunham. 


Prop's. B. Smcad, pr. 


William Fessendcn. 


Samuel Mills. 


Thomas M. Pomroy. 


William Fay. 


HiSTORT OF Printing in America. 

/. On-di Moimfnin Patriol. w.. 


RaimiH dm. 

r. Nortli Star, «•., 


Ebi-ni.wr Eaton. 


, Anibrow WilUrd. 

/ Wiitdiiiwn, ,«., 

M<nti]M-I:cr, Hamiiul Goto. 

r. Fn-tiimu'H Pn-HH, w., 


Di rick BMi-y. 

r. Wc-kly W..n.l.-nT, w.. 


Pn>i>'». 8. Wright, pf. 

/ Mi.UII<-bHiy Mt^nnirj-, «■.. 


r, J. D. IIiintinBdon. 

NEW YOIIK. [07 Pnp.-i>..] 

/. N. V. Iliiji. & Gen. Adv.. <lailff. 

Nrw York 

Lunjr & TumiT. 

f. N.w Vork Evi-. Post, J». 


W. CoUiiian, of., U. 
Bum hum, pr. 

/. N«w Y..rkI[--r..I.l.*.r., 


do. do. 





/ (VHiiiu'H'iul AilviTtiwr. tttili/. 


Z. LcwiH. fd., MilU, pr. 

f. f>iNi'mit>r, Kir.. 


do. du. 

r. I'liblii- A<lv<-rii*-r. .t-H#. 



r .N.wY..rk.l<.iinml.i..r., 




Cliark-B Holt. 

d... »(«.. 




Proprietore. Crwkcii 
HtHliT, pr: 

I»ri>i^ (iniTcnt, «■,, 


All^x»n{)(;^ MinR. 



/. Albany ^lu»•IU^»w., 


W.I.«tiTB & Skinner. 

r. jUImiiy Iti'sinliT.jiw.. 



/. B«lim«-& N. Y. Sluu- Jour, «c 

., di). 

CriMwiai lb Fran'. 

r. HitlTnIk <iu»-tu% if.. 

&\S llurbor, Ald.n S|>o»i)t-r. ~ 

r. Loiifc [bIhhiI SUkr, «■., 


ThoMiiiM Kirk. 

Sarouspi <hiw-tU'. w.. 


Aiiitriian Kanh; ir.. 


1, Hinn' ('oIlMtn. 

r, Wi'«IcU<-MU!r 4}ii/jaii', If., 


ItolHTl (;rolJlbll^ 

/. fl(.m«Ts MiimMiui, «., 


Mili,m K. fiisliinK. 

r. Oninpr C<mnly GiiKitti-, «■., 



/ Sldrilof Si'VwntySix is I*ulr„ » 

■., do. 

T. H. (;ro«-.ll. 

r. Polltiwl Index, w.. 


, WiiHl M. UiiKky. 

/. UlrtOT Qwotte, "., 


tiHniu.d S. Frwr. 

r. riubekn. .f ., 


.him- Kiii-l. 


Pougldt«.f«i«, .roi«..i.h Ni-lwni. 


Pamt-li-tc PoltLT. 


FmnclH Sifbbin^. 


11. lIollHDd for C. UolL 

I^^MiM^tagl«, tc., 


N. Eiiol & Va. 

^^^^^^^^Mta', w., 


Muck«y CroHwell. 






Bklad LowiB. 

^^^^^^^^?T . > . ■ r 


Frandg Adincouit 


Oliver Lyon. 

/. Northern Post, w., 

r, Washington Register, w., 

r. American Monitor, «?., 

/. Waterford Gazette, tr., 

r. Advertiser, w., 

/. Independent American, tc., 

/ Mohawk Advertiser, to., 

r. Cabinet, w., 

f. 3Iontgomery Republican, «?., 

r. Mon^omery Monitor, w., 

r. Bunker Hill, w., 

f. American, mj., 

/. Utica Patriot, w., 

r. Columbian Gazette, «?., 

Chenango Patriot, «?., 

Hemisphere, w., 
r. Pilot, ?«., 
/. Freeholder, «?., 
/. Manlius Times, t/)., 
/. Ontario Repository, w., 
r. (Jenesee Messenger, t/)., 
r. Cornucopia, to., 
/. Geneva Gazette, it., 
r. Otsego Herald, w., 
/. Cooperstown Federalist, w.y 
n. American Farmer, «?., 
/. True American, w., 
r. American Herald, w., 
r. Republican Messenger, m>., 




Dodd & Rumsey. 


John P. Reynolds. 


Gteorge W. Nichols. 

W aterf ord. 

Horace H. Wads worth. 


Samuel R Brown. 


William Childs. 


Ryer Schermerhorn. 


Isaac Riggs. 

., Johnstown, 

Asa Child. 


Daniel C. MUler. 


George GordonPhinney. 


J. H. & H. Prentiss. 


Ira Merrell. 


Thomas Walker. 

Oxford. » 


Abraham Taylor. 


Baker & Newton. 


, Jonathan Bunce & Co. 


Leonard Kellogg. 


James D. Bemis. 


John A. Stevens. 


S. Peck and B. Blodget 


James Bogert 


Elihu Phinney. 


J. H.&H. Prentiss. 


Stephen Mack. 


Thomas M. Tillman. 


Derick Van Veghten. 


Pettit & Percival. 

NEW JERSEY. [8 Papers.] 

/. Trenton Federalist, «?., 
r. True American, w.^ 
r. New Jersey Journal, w., 
f. Guardian, or Now Br. Adv 
r. Republican Herald, w., 
r. Palladium of Liberty, w.^ 
f. Genius of Liberty, w., 
r. Centinel of Freedom, ?r., 

Trenton, George Sherman. 

do. James J. Wilson. 

Elizabothtown, Sbepard Kollock. 

w.y NewBrunsw'k, Abraham Blawvclt. 

do. A. Kollock & Co. 

Morristown, Jacob Mann. 

do. Henr\' P. Russell. 

Newark, William Tuttle. 

PENNSYLVANIA. [73 Papers.] 

/. § Pennsylvania Gazette, * w., Philadelphia, Hall & Pierie.f 
/. American Daily Adv., X cUiily, 
f. True Amer. & Com. Adv., do. 


Zachariah Poulson. 
Thomas Bradford. 

1 The OUre Branch was printed at Norwich in this county, in 1808.— IT. 

I Oldest newspaper pabliehed in America. 

t Brroneonaly printed Pierce on p. 137, of this vol. 

t First daily paper printed on the continent. 

History of Feinting in America. 

/. Guta-Mq of tlip U. Slaten, rfatTy, 


Enofl Brodson. 

/ tl(i. for tliP country, nc., 



/ PlillHilcIiiLia GuTxtU.; daily. 


Bamiicl ncir. 

r. Aunira, do. 


WillUm Dukne. 

r. do. for tfaccoiiniry, nc., 



/. Polilieal & Com. Kfgisicr, daily, Uo, 

WillUm JackBOQ. 

/. Frt'cnmn'H JoiihihI, do. 


MacCorklc & EllioL 

/. do. forthucoiintTj',»«' 


do do. 

r. Dcniopmllr Pm«,*i)7y, 


Jobn BinnB. 

r. do. for Hie country, tn 



r. do. do. a 




Jowph Lloyd. 

r. Evening Star, rftrfiy. 



Conrsd Zcntlet. 

lIopcV Pliil. Price Currcnl, w.. 


Jobn W. Scott 



r. AnotbiT <)i!miiiii, 


John Qi!y«r. 

I)<T Wolin- Amcrilian«r,Oei- , w. 


B^•t^]Qnlin Grimier. 

/ Der Volksfniiiid, Oer., a., 


Wm. lUmilton&Co. 

f. Lanuutor Joiiraul, w., 


do. do. 

r. Inwlligi-mwr & Wotkly Adv., w.. do. 

WiHlnni DickBon. 

/. I'cniiHylvania C^>rn-Hi>ondi'nt, if. 

Aubcr Miner. 

Tracy & BuUcr. 

r. Siuu(iii'liiinna Di'iuocrat, w.. 


Samuel Malfet. 

n. (Jumburliiiid Iti^UUT, v.. 


Arcbibitld LoudiHi. 

f. CftrtiHle Ifc-mld, Ml., 


Alexander diPMllipt. 

r. CnrliHhMla/Mif, M-.. 


George Kline. 

r. VtniarifibM-lif Amcr., Ger., if.. 


f. I'itt«bui)tli Uuwiu-, w.. 


John Scull. 

/.Tree .if LMmtIj, ip.. 


WillUm Poster. 

r. (;<,ii».i<.rnvi.ulth, .r.. 


U. Brown. 

r. Wrsfn. Hl,Lr. .'■.. 


Edward Cole. 

/. U.-r«tunaiiiifio Piitriot, IJer, le., 

, Ib'iidiii}!, 

UotUeib JunguaiL 

f. Wii'kly .Vrlv.Tti!.(T, ,r.. 



r. I^■Ullill^,'l•^ AdI.T, Ucr., >r.. 


Jobn iUtt«r (t Co. 

r. UcH.lhin K»«lr, IP,, 


r. ({.-niiis or l>(l).riy, «•., 



/. Chi'HK'r A: IMuwiirt' FtiUrr, m>., 


WbelQo. Hkdida, jr. 

r. AnKTUMii Itcpublicun, w.. 



/. Ili^fonHiumti-,!"., 


fh.iri.'n Mhi- Dowdl. 

«. \\;,Y.\v:* I...*i-r, t:,ig. A Oer., ir.. 


CluirlcB Jin'Ob Ualter. 

f. DiT N'orlliunrii Viirrf>i\i.,Hcr.,ie. 

, do. 

Christian Jacob Duller. 

/. IViiiisj-lvHniiiUmild, B., 


do. do. 

r. Nort till III [itim t'ariiii-r, le., 


TboniM i. Rogg^^ 

f. Mirror, .... 


Ui^rx* WjailUHB 

r. l)iiut>1iiii (tiiwnliiin, in.. 

JiicobKUer. ^^M 

f. OnicltM.f Daiiiilim, «., 


Jobn Wv«b^_^H 

/i.Thr TiiiU's, w,, 


H -^*"*^^ 

llurrisbiir^'lif-T Zfitiiin;, Ucr., le. 


/. Noniitown Herald, w., 
r. Weekly Regiultr, w., 
/ Ccnlinel, w , 
/, Gettysburg Oazette, 
r, BrowDBvillu Gazette, w., 
n. Weatem Repository, m., 
/ Tork Recorder, w., 
r. Expositor, Mt., 

Fanaer's Register, w., 
r. Crawford Weekly Mcaseng., u 
/. FrankliD KeposiWry, id., 
r. Republican, w., 

Minerva, u., 
r. Eagle, «., 

/. Huntingdon Gazette, w., 
T. Republican htgoe, «., 
/ Suabuiy & Nurtbum. Gaz., le 
/ Weslem Corrector, m., 
/. Western Telegraphe, lo., 
T. Reporter, «., 
r. Weekly Messenger, w., 

BIghl of l)u iboTs [nofnl 0< 

Norrislown, Charles Sower. 

do. James Winnard. 

Qettysburgb, Robert Harper. 


BrownsTille, William Campbell. 

do. James Alexander. 

York, Adam King. 

do. Heckert & Updegraff. 

Oreensburg, WUIiam 8. Graham. 

, Meadville, Thomas Atkiuaon. 
Chambcrsb'rg, George K. Harper. 

do. William Armor. 

Huntingdon, G. P. W. Butler & Co. 

do. J. McCahan. 
Northumbcrl'drAndrew C. Huston. 

do. Kennedy. 

Wasiiington, T. H. Thomt«on. 

do. Alexander Armstrong. 

do. William Sample. 

Frankford, William Coale. 
■.] ua in Uk DDtch or Oimua lanpuge. 

DELAWARE. [8 Papers.] 
r. American Watcliman, ««., Wilmington, James Wilson, 

r. Delaware Gazelle, #u>., do. Joseph Jones. 

Delaware Freeman, tc, do. Rislcy & Skinner. 

MARYLAND. [21 Paper.,] 

/. Maryland Gazelle. • v.. 


Fred. & Bamud Green. 

T. 3Iarj-land Republican, «w., 


John W. Butler. 

/. Fed. Goz. &Balt. Advcr., daUy. 


John Hewcs. 

f. do. for the country, (w.. 



r. Whig, 3^y, 


Bsptiste Irvine. 

r do. for the country, (ut.. 



/. Fed. Rep. A Com. Gaz.,rfaap, 


Wagner 4 Hanson, for 

/. do. for the country, fto., 


do. do. 

T. Evening Post, daOji, 



r. •.]■>. n.r ihiciiuulrj, («■., 



r. Am.T. i Cuiu, Adv,,*.iiif, 


WiUiam Pecliiii. 

r. do. fi.r tilt coiinlrj', tie.. 


Pticliui, Dobbins £ Cu. ■ 

Recorder, ir., 


-Jl^ Westcolljun. ^| 

/. Frcderictalown UBf»ld,«,,. ^ 


mgmi^haBiwia. m 

r. Republican UaiteUo, «• >rj^| 



r. Homcl.or Rcpub. Adm^^| 

/ Der WestliclM OoOM^^^H 



f. nager»town 0UWU«,ll9^^H 



^j^larjlund nmli! ftp-, n*?^^^ 



302 HisTORT OF Printing in 

America. ^M 

T. Republican Star, w., 


Tlionia!' P. Smith. ^M 

f. People'8 Monitor, le., 


Henry W. Gibbs. ^M 


[G Papcrs-l H 

r. National Intelligencer, tis.. 


, S. n. Smith &I.Oa1e8,Jr. ^M 

r. Univereal Gazette, a.. 


Samuel H. Smith. ^M 

r. Monitor, be.. 


J.B.Colvin. [Di8C0B.l^H 

n. Spirit of Seventy-Six, no.. 


Edward C. Stanaid. ^H 

t. Independent American, he.. 


. Edgar Patterson. ^H 

f. Ale.tandria Daily Adv., Mily. 


Samuel Snowden. ^H 

VIRGINIA. S33 Papers.] | 

/ Virginia Patriot, »w.. 


Augustine Davia. ^H 

r. Enquirer, »w.. 


Thomas Ritchie. H 

r. Viiginlft Argua, *»., 


Samuel Pleasants, Jr. ^H 

/ Norfolk Owsetle, (»., 


William Davies. H 

n. Norfolk Herald, «B., 


J. O'Connor. H 

T. Petersburg Inlelligencer, »!o,. 

Jokn.DiekBon. H 

r. Republican, kc. 


Edward Peacud. ^H 

f. Virginia Herald, tP„ 

Freder'ksburg. TimoUiy ar««n. ^| 

r Republican Constitution, is. 

W inches! er. 

J. Foster & Son. ^H 

/ Centinel, w., 


William nieskell. H 

/ Wincbester GairelW, id,. 



T. Democratic Lamp, w.. 


J. A. Lingan, ■ 

r. LyiicbburR Star, w,. 


James QraUaro. M 

r. Lynchburg Press, le., 


William W. Gray. ^1 

T. Staunton Eagle, ir.. 


Jacob T>. Diecrick. ^H 

r. Republican Farmer, lo.. 


Laird & Hcrr, ^M 


P. Mackinlire. H 

r. Republican Press, m.. 


John Newton. ^H 

r. Republican Luminary, 70., 

Wythe C. H,, 

. DromgooleAEnglodow. ^H 

r. Ilolslein Inielligencer, w.. 


John Q. UsUck. ^1 

/. Virginia Telegrapbe, u)., 


WlUiam Walkup. ^1 

r. Monongalia GiiEetle,<B., 

J. Campbell. ^1 

r. Farmei-'aRcgistcr.ui,, 


Wiliiams & Brown. ^H 

NORTH CAROLINA, [10 Papcre.] ^| 

/. Wilmington GuwLie, »>., 


Ha»cll &, Magrath. H 

/. Raleigh Minerva, a.. 


William Boylan. ^1 

n. Star, u-.. 


r. Raleigh Register, &c.. w,, 


Galea & Seaton. ^M 


Hall & Bryan. ^M 

c. Tnic Republican, u.,. 


Thomas Waisoo. ^M 

( / Edenlon Gazelle, tf.. 


James Wills. ^H 

»». Nonli Carolina Journal. «., 


Wright W. Bachelor. H 

/. Fayetlevilie lutelliiiicnc-pr, lo., 


Ray It Black, ^M 

r. Eli/jibeili City Giizctie, if.. 

Eliziibcib Ciiy, Jacob Beasley. ^H 



SOUTH CAROLINA. [10 Papers.] 

r. City Chizette, daily, 

r. Carolina Gazette, to., 

f. Times, daHy, 

f. Charleston Courier, daUy, 

f. Carolina Messenger, to., 

n. Strength of the People, tto., 

n. Brazen Face, to., 

/. Georgetown Gazette, oto., 

r. So. Carolina State Gazette, to., 

r. Miller's Weekly Messenger, to., 







£. S. Thomas. 

Thomas C. Cox. 
Morf M,Willington&Co. 

do. do. 

J. H. Sargent 
J. H. Sargent . 
Frands M. Baxter. 
D. & J. J. Faust 
John Miller. 

GEORGIA. [13 Papers.] 

/. Columbian Museum, oto., 

r. Republican & Say. Ledger, tw, 

r. Public Intelligencer, oto.. 

Mirror of the Times, to., 
/. Augusta Herald, to., 

Columbian Centinel, w., 
r, Augusta Chronicle, to., 
r. Louisville Gazette, to., 
r. Georgia Argus, to., 
r. G^rgia Journal, to., 

MilledgeVille Intelligencer, to., 
/. Monitor, to., 
r. Geoi*gia Express, w.y 









Phil. D. Woolhopter. 
Everitt & Evans. 
Norman MacLane. 
Daniel Stames & Co. 
Hobby & Bunce. 
Samuel Hammond. 
D. Driscol. 
Day & Wheeler. 
Dennis L. Ryan. 
Seaton Grantland. 
A. MacMillan. 
Sarah Hillhouse. 
MacDonald & Harris. 

KENTUCKY. [17 Papers.] 

r. Kentucky Gazette, to., 

r. Lexiugton Reporter, w., 

f. Western World, to., 

r. Guardian of Freedom, to., 

r. Argus of Western America, to., 

r. Palladium, lo., 

r. Candid Re\iew, to., 

r. Globe, to., 

r. Auxilliary, to., 

r. Dove, to., 

r. Farmer's Library, lo., 

/. Louisville Gazette, to., 

r. Farmer's Friend, to., 

r. Mirror, to.. 

Political Theatre, to., 
r. Western Citizen, to., 
r. Informant, to., 







Russell ville, 


Thomas Smith. 
William W. Worsley. 
Henry Gore & Co. 

Johuston & Pleasants. 
William Hunter. 
P. Isler. 
Ruble & Harris. 

Berry & Corwine. 

Ckrard Brooks. 
Mathew Dimcan. 
Ira Woodruff* Co. 
Moses Nowell. 
John Lyle. 


\l\AT(mr nff I^nivTixG ry Axebica. 

IKWRflHRR. 5 PapCTH.] 

■■ ••■ ■ III- ' ; i-/f-l(«> .r 



■' 1. . ., * . Ilf lllftf ,/) 


1 ..!,,• ■ Wl ' '..f/ffit*. Ift 


!'.■. '■. .. .. 


■ .irili.|.»r / ii/i^fr .r 

< 'arrhaifp. 

' .nil'.'? M.iJi-q IffrAlf) *r 



» 14 Papers.] 


■Mtitinrf^r '/* 

< Iiilliiothe. 


Srinlft * /T/#»tti« ir 



I-V'-rUtnlnn •/• 

• lo. 


!iii|pr»#»nr|fnt fi/*nnblirnn. »/«., 

• lo. 


'V'li.f. yr 



f.iii«Ttv Hall. '/•. 

• lo. 


Vdv^rtt-^^T '/• . 

• io. 


MiHkin«rTim Mft«w»nff«*r. ^r. 



nhin t',:i7,t»no. //»., 



<'oinmfnt.atf>r, //j.. 


Mliio I'ritrior. /r.. 


\V««Mtpm Kf^niM, /r„ 



I lit partial Kv{uwit.or. //*., 

St. Clairsirillc, 


\V»»Mri*m Sfar. ir.. 


^Tfjorge Wilson. 
John B. Hood. 
Thonus (x. Bradford. 
Ttiomas Eastin. 
\VllIiam Hoore. 

Xashee Jc Denny. 
J. S. Collins & Co. 
lL D. Richardson, 
plater Parcels. 
David L. Carney. 
John W. Brown & Co. 
Francis Mennessier. 
W:ipp, Sawyer & Co. 
S. Fairlamb. 
Israel Gardiner. 

Lawrv A Miller. 
J. (t. <.Tilkison. 
Crane Jk MacLean. 

TERIUTORY OF ^nrillGAX. [1 Paper] 
Mirliiiran iLway. /•.. I)etn)it, J:iuu*s M. Miller. 

Wi'strm Sun. 'r., St. Vincennes. Eliliu Stout. 


f. WiM'kly I'linmicli:. /^.. XatchfZ, 

Missis;*! p pi McsM'nir«-*r. t., 
r. S'JLii.hvA (Ju/eitc, ir., 

Missisiiippvaii, </*., 


[4 Pap«*rs.] 

John W. Winn & Co. 
Shaw & Terrell. 
A. Marschalk. 
John Shaw. 


/'. i)rK'iiiis(iii/.tMtf. h'fif/.d: Fr.tiaUi/, Nt-w Orleans, Hill & Anderson. 

f\ »U». Tor tiitM'oiiutry, T., do. do. 

t\ Louisiana (iazi'iir. -iaily, ilo. John Mowr}' & Co. 

;'. do. for tin; roimtrv, itfc, do. do. 

r. iiouisiaua Courii-r, h'. d* K. tir., do. Thierry & Dacqiieny. 

fist •ettlvmcDt watt luudo Iq Lbid i»Uito about 178S. 



Telegraphe, E, d F. tw,^ New Orleans, 

/. Friend of the Laws, R d F,, tw.^ do. 
Moniteur de la Looisiane, jPy*., ^10., do. 
£1 Mississippi, S^panuhf no., do. 

The Messenger, do. 



C. Belieoigey. 
Hilare Le Clerc. 
J. B. L. 8. Fontaine. 
Wm. H. Jolmson & Co. 


LOUISIANA. [1 Paper.] 
Missouri Gkizette, 10., St Louis, Joseph Charless. 





Bnti'sh Colonie^^ Jrc. hi America. 


Nova 8cotia Roval Gazette, weeklT. Halifax, 
Weekly Chronicle, do. do. 

Novator, or Literan* Gazette, do. do. 

John Howe k Sx 
William MinsLL 
James Bagn^l 


St. JohnV Gazi'tu*. 


weekly, St. John, 
do. do. 

Hvan & Duran'. 
Jacob S. M-j" 


Qik'Ikm' (ra/('ttr, AV/ it- f/>;».. wt-ekly. Qiieliec, 
QurlKM* Mercury, di». do. 

lit' (^aiindien. Frenrh^ lately i»up]>n-s^«*il. do. 
Montreal <iaz., Eng. d- Fr., wifkly. Montrr-al, 
Canadian (!ourant. do. tio. 

J. Noil-son 

Cha.<. I>*frkr.-. 
Janu-^ Br wz 
Nahiim M .•« " 

York Gazette, 

do. York. 

Newfoundland Gazette, weekly. Placentia. RyAZ. 

I baTe not been sparing of attention or expense to make ;L;» u. 
accurate list ; and notwithstanding it may not be f^rfeedj «t:rr*iT. 
** does not fall far short of being a complete register of ifce irt:^*- 

mn published between the months of January and Jojy :<f Uit 

Appendix. 307 

year 1810. The papers, in the new settlements particularly, have 
their titles and places of publication ofben shifled, and the publishers 
are frequently changed. Some publications are continued but a 
short time, and others rise and fill their places. There are some 
papers published^ of which I could not obtain a particular account, 
and therefore I have not brought them into this estimate. 


'An Atraauac for 1839, calculaled fur New EnglanJ. by Mr. Wm. Pierce, 
Mnriner, Cambridge. Printed bj St(<phca Djije. 

mmJirap'iJauriiai. noL i, p. KB. 
Frceuian'8 Oalli. Prinlfd by 8. Dayc. CumbridgL'. 

On tbo tBcearmbalf sliecl ortmill taner. TIlb Qnt Ibius pnntad in whai la now 
the Uulied Hum.— Winl/itvp'i Joumai, vol. i. p. %e. 

Almannc for 1640. [No imprint. Cambridge. (Daj-c).] 

Mr. Thgciu wu of apinion tbAiDiye'i uiine never appeand in wa tibprliit. 
Thtf Whole Buolce of Paalms, FaUUfiiliy Translaled into En^jlisli Metre, 
fflictettnto ia prefixed a distourac duciarlnjf not only Ihe iawfiill- 
neaa, but also the neccasi^y of ttio beavenly Ordiaaace o( siogiog 
Scripture Paalmes in Uie Cliurebes of God. Imprinted 1640, 



T^tlfiwKiKflana nntonorilu FialTHM. Prlno 

«M oammltled «p«liJlr to Riclunl Httlier. Tbooiu Wnld. ind John KUuL and 
«■• flnlibsd Id IMO, ud pr[Dl«I thu jou d Cainlnidss br D'ye. UttJIrnl /mot, Iib 
■unaa, printed la Vonk Ameriu. 

frhen •renjlM eoplM of lhl» run) iKmh Id the Prince Llbmry, now ■ pan of ths 
FobllcUltrinorBoefon. OrtbeHlua tu iiatnln tbullbnrr, andor tbeolil^ lAren, 
onu l> oiroiid by Qtotge Brtnlcj-. Bsq,, uf Harirurd. Omti,. ono hy Nultianiel B. 
SbartleC M.D.. uf Bouaa. aad one by Uie irldoir u[ tbe lata Qootip) LIrenuurH of 
dunbridev. Pot collation, etc.. Sea UMury of PHutiiia. to), i, pp. tB-I. Ur. 

1^ 1..^ ... . Richaid M«tli«r, ut oiie of the tnuHlalimi, In bU qno- 

>o the ealalnicuo of tbo Prluca Llbniry.] 

An AlDiitnac for 1641. Cambridge. [Duye.] 
^A Catechism agreed upon by the Kldera at the Desire of the General 

Cniirt. Cambridge. [Daye J 
, 8a« KiiMrV'i Jonnat. vol. u. p, ST. 

The Body of Liburtiee. Pol. Cambridge. [Daye.] 

lalned tOtt lilwi drawn nn i\j Rev. Natb'l Ward of Ipswich, pnranaiit to aa 
Iba Qenaral l.'nnrt, Hr. Ward badalegul edocatluu in Bacland. Ses fiU . 
Uf. m. I,p.«7. a. 

•oaa» la probably mistaken [n aappoaln; that The Badu ^ IMtrOti, 
4 In IMI, waa pnnbid ai tbal time. A pamphlet, on 11(1 sd Aa Aiiitraelqf 
if Stv Sn^aml, wasprluied In London In iMI. aud hai by man* wrllera 
rOMd 10 be aobilanllallr Ihe uuie u the Body Dl Libunioa, nen la 

^^__ n to believe that thulut aimed oumpllatlon wai pabllalied b> dlilribo' 

lUik lo thv tawne In m iimwrlpt. One .if Iheoe coplefl. dlecavered by Mr. Prancla 

C. Onr. and aeeanpanied by ttM learnad oaaay on the lUriy Litwaof " ' 

Bar. »w pHDIsd U Uke JfOH, UU. OoU., Sdae.. vol. 8. 

al OaaWbte* <mn tanlrmmilt ImamplEU. ai 

IIiSTOBY OF Printing in America. 

llip MasBHcb II sells B 

-, with ihv Freeman's Osili. 


Tlie Cipilal LnwB of ll 

Ordi^redtoheiirlnlnl, latbMnjonlh 1541 [COI.Sk.\ McBlloiied. no iirlnlea in 
MHssAcbQAeltft. In the Prufu^e lo Xew Sngland'f Jona* VatI up at London. 
Theses, etc., of Ihe first GraduatcB of IIiLryard College, Cambridge. 

A Declaration of Former Passages and Proceedings Betwixt the English 
anil the Narragan setts. 4to. [D»je.] 

[By Gn». Winthmii.] 

An AluiHiiac. 

Omo. Cambriilge. N. E. 


An Almanuc, by Bamuel Dnnforlh. Cnnibrldge. Printed by MauS 
Duye ; aod l<i be aolil by HeKcklah Usher, at Boston. 
See J/itlon/ <^ Ptinling, vol. i. p. 48. 
The Paalma in Metre, cic. 

ThI*. Kcoidlng Id Ur. Thomu. wu a second edlllun of Tht Bow Pmla Beat or 
Xni' £k(0laa(f Fenian " somewbiit imanded. and wilta B (Bw Splritud SooBB addMl." 
Allar this L-ditlon, he wtra, tbe pHimB h gre niiwd by Ptea. Dirafter M Harrud 
.„■.,..-.. _ ri,ed TereloD went IhrOBrii namemiinidl- 

9cDlUuid. It WR* UlBcbM to MTcml Eag- 
le HMary t^ Printtng. Tol. i. p. CI. 

— , _. jdmIob (Ml Ibl« BdirioB HM "MnuswhM 

IbkfevrSplrltiMieonnidded.'' Kr.Bilnlef ornarlftRd,liu>copy 
_.». .u^».>... lMT("/inprinl«i IBIT,") without plw», wblcb ■■ ■ tinple r^irinl, 
•rlthaal add Itlana.nTllieflratBdltlaii (Ids inialler ■lie) with KiiDBeliuitnMDfipelUDg. 
Tbe cbwiEH or ipelltni woold, perhap*, be more likely to occur If the hook wu 
pn>ii«d In Bneteiul, wbicb Tti*> uve heeo IheCBee. tbODsbaomeenieruUien think 
oIhi!r«i». fiiu tlUe glTi-D byMr. ThoniB*. vii:""rhe1>ulni>ln Uetre. Mihmlly 
traiitlated for the Uk, Bdllciiion md CmnFort nf the HBlntr, In pQbliG ind priTitii. 
Bqwdall; In New BnKlnDd." Is tbiti of the revised edlLlon. Mr. Brinley't copy with 
tbe datutinxiT.wlieniTm' printed, buy hilrly borqiardcdutbeuicondedllian.uid, 
•o Ikru known. iBDnlque. 

An Aliiianiic, by Samuel Danforth. Cambridge. 

Aflar this L-ditlon he sats, tbe psa 
CDllega. aod Hr. RichBrd IjK/a. T 
Hms. iK» oDLj^here^bnt InBn^and 


By Samuel Dauforth. Cambridge. Printed 

Aliuaitac for llH9. 

*A Platform of Church Discipline gatlierod out of tbe Word of Qwl, and 
sgireed upon by the Elder« and Mes<ienger9 of Uie CliiircbeB assembled 
in tlie Synod at Canibridji' in N'>«* Etitrliiiid. To be prevented to 
llie Chnrcliea and Geii.-rnll Conii ti)r Uii^ir ^iinsideratinn and accep- 
tance in the Lord. Tin VMUx M iIi.Aniio H!4B. Printed by 8. 

G. [Sain'iareciilnt f'-.",/-,-/./^ In .\-.r /•-■"-/'"'■tJ. and are to Ix.' sold 
at fitmliridge, and liaU.i, . U.i,„ Ih.m. . UUi\. 4lo, pp. <10) 31. 
Ths Firsi Edition of Itau faiaaiiK Cu-nbndjc Plal/Orm. Bae HMorv ^ PHitUitg, 

The Book of the General Lawes and Liberlyi* concerning tlie IiUiabit- 
anls of the MasBachuBClls, colliHrted Out of the Iteconis of tlie Uene- 
rnl Court for tbe several years wherein tbcy verc made and 
Bstnblishcd. And now revised by the itame Court, and disnoacd 
into no Alphabetical order, and published by the tame Authaniy in 
the General Court holden at Boston, in May, 164)}, 

Not eilBnt. Tho printing appears lo have aHnmenced In 1AM It Is reTernd to 
Intbe Jfon. A«eonf«ariHH]' IMS, as "ouw ai ibc uremic." Sut Miut. f 
pp. S8». HO. sna, Johnson, In Wondtr Wortiai/ ftrjiWrnn, p — 
prlnled In 1M«. Tbv Ittln uid dute bere gln;n are Iruni Ihn Ullv j 


Ante-Revolutionary Publications. 311 

Whiting, Samuel. Oratio, qiiani Comitijs Cantabrigiensibua Ainericanis 
peroravit, Anuo mdcxlix. yvo, pp. 16, no date. 


Eaton, Samuel. The Mystery of God Incarnate, etc. Printed at Cam- 
bridge, for H. Usher at Boston in New England, 1650. 
From Note by Mr. Brinley, see Uiftory of PriiUing^ ii, p. 241 . 

Oakes, Urian. " Astronomical Calculations. Bv a Youth." [The author 

was then a student at Harvard College, anu afterwards settled in the 

ministry at Cambridge. Still later he was President of the college. 

The Almanac had tiiis motto," Parcam parta decent; sedinestsua 

gratia parcis." Cambridge.] 

Mr. Thomae saye this was printed abont l&iS. Mr. Brinley, who lia« a copy, says 
the date id 1650. 

Norton, John. Heart of New England rent at the Blasphemies of the 
present generation. 4to, pp. 5«. Cambridge. S. Green. 
? See 1650. 
The Laws "agreed upon to be printed" by order of the General Court, 
Oct. 15, 1650. 
Not extant. Probably particular LawR only. 

The Psalms, Hymns, and Spiritual Songs of the Old and New Testament, 
faithfully translated into English Metre. For the Use, Editication 
and Comfort of the Saints in public and private, especially in New 
England. 2 Tim. 3: 16,17. Col. 3: 16. Eph. 5: 18,19. James 
5 : 13. Crown 8vo, pp. 308. Cambridge, by S. Green. 
This was the N. E..yer8ion as revised and improved by Danster and Lyon. 


Patent of the Colony of New Plymouth, and Extracts from the Records. 


Mather, Richard. The Summeof Certain Sermons upon Genes. 15, 6, the 
Doctrine of Justification by Faith. 4to. Cambridge. Printed by 
Samuel Green, i)p. 47. 


Eliot, John. Catechism in the Indian Language. Printed at the E.xpense 

of tiie Corporation in England for propagating the Gospel amongst 

the Indians of New England, (-anibridge. Printed by S. Green. 

No copy extant. Supposed to be the flri»t book printed in New Ensi^Iand In the 
Indian lanjjua^e. Set; Pr<x:eeAiivjs of Am. AiUiquarian Soc., No. 01, p. 45. liuport 
of J. Hammond Tnimbiill. See alno IVAVi. 


The Luw.s, Mucii as wcn^ ordered to be printed by the General Court, May 

3d, Um. Cambridge. 

No copies of this e«litlon of the Laws are to be found. They wero probably only 
particular Lawn. 

1 655. 

Chauncy, Charles. God's Mercy shewed to his People in giving them a 
faithful Ministry and Sehooles of Leaninig for the continual Supplyes 
th<.*reof. Delivered in a Sermon Preach(Hl at Cambridge, the Day 
after the eoinnientiement. Small 8vo, pp. 56. Cambridge. Printed 
by S. Green. 


Almanac for lO")!). ByT. S. Philomathemat. 8vo, pp. 10. Cambridge. 

Printed bv S. Green. 

Mr. Thoma-* (IFutorynf Printinny vol.i, p. ri,")), Kayt< : *' It appoarH that an Almanac 
wart annually printed at' C:im>)ri(h;o from the flrnt et»tablidhment of ttie Press till 
near the clone of the 17th Century. 

312 History of Printing in America, 

I'ottoii, Jolm. f Ljitc IN'iicIht to the C'liurcli of Boston, in New Kn^Iand.] 

S|)iriiiml Milk for n<»hton Hahcs in nthf-r Kn^laml. Dni^ii out ot 

the Jircasts of botli Tcstanicnts for their souls noiirislinicnt. But may 

1)(^ of lik<; use to any children. C'nnihri*!;;**. Prinled by S. G., for 

Ile/.ekiah l.'sher at Boston in New Kn;rl:in(l, 105(1. 

A copy Hiip|H>tie<l tobu unique wunin (he poiiHCMHioii of thulate Oooq^ Llvermore, 


Alnianae for 1057. By S. H. Philoniath<'niat. f-ambrid^e. Printed by 
S. Gn'en. Hvo, pp. 10. 

Mather, Biehnrd. Farewell Kxliortation to the C'lnm*h nud PcopU"! of 
J)on:lu'ster in New Kn|;land. 4to, i>p. (4) *^»7. I'rinted at Cambridge, 
by Sanui4>l (Jreen. 

Vorton, John. [Of Ipsuieli A' Boston.] The Life and Doatb of that 
deserv<f(lly Fainniis Mr. .lohn Cotton, the latt^ Beverend Teacher of 
the Chureh of (-lirist at Bost(»n in New Kn^rland. Collected out of 
the writings and Int'onnation of the Bev. Mr. John Davonmirt of 
Newhav<!n,theBev. Mr. Samuel Whiting, at Ljnno,the pioUH Widow 
of the I)eeease<l, and otlK^rs : and eompiletl by his unworthy Successor. 
4to, pp. 50. Cand)rid;^e. Printed by S. (treen. 

1 058. 

Peirson, Abniham. [^"J^^"'' "^ ^*»** C'hiinh at Branfonl, Conn.] Some 

]Iel|)s for the Indians; shewini; them how to improve their natural 

Beason, to know the true (tod, and the Christian Beliju:i(m. 1. By 

leadin;; them to see the Divine Authority of the St-riplnn's. 2. By 

the S<-ri|)tnres, the Divine* Truths necessary to KU*nia1 Salvation. 

I'ndertaken at the Motion, an<l |)ublishetl by the order of the Com- 

niissioners of the I'niied Cobmies. Kxan'iined and approved by 

Thomas Stantim, Interpret<*r-(Ieneral to the Cnited CobuiU's for the 

Indian lan<rua;:e, and by souk^ others of the most able Interpreters 

anionc'^t us. Canibrid^rc l*nut<d by Sanniel (in't-n. 

Only two fiipic;" known tolif cxtnnt.oni* in poK»<rH«ion of Mr. •IiiincH fjciiftx of New 
VorU, till- oiImt in the Mnii.-li Mii-octini ; \\\v la-l li.Hvin;; n dill'urunt lltlt: |ia;;i'. See 
.1. .1. S. 1'itMtniint/s. No. HI. 

Psabn^J in .Meln*. |ln the Indian laniruair*'.] 

Mcniioni'd l)y Kliot in :i not(> to tin- ('orpoi:ition Tortlio I'ropii^ritloii of thi* Cioppcl 
iinionj:^! tin.* In<lianf, Drr. *is. p^is. .-md in tin-. Tnuifurcrr* uccouiit, prui'i^utt'd ia 
Si'pt. U'Mi. A. A. .S. /*/(M;&ilinf/M. No. (U. 

An Almanac of the Celestial Motions, by Zech. Bn;rden. Cambrid/Lfe. 

Norton, John, (of lp>*wich an<l Bo>ton). Ilcirt of New Kn<rland n*nt at 
the lila>pbeMii<-sot' (be Present < leiienition. Be^|)ectin^ the (juakera. 
Ito, pp. 5S. Cambnd;;e. Printed i>y Samuel (in:en. 


Almanat' by S. (\ [Saml. Checverl. Cam i)rit lice. 

^ The Book of the (b'Ficral Lawes and Libert ves eoneernln'' the Inhabit- 
ant< of the M:isvi:i(*]iii>ii'tts, Collected out of the B(^'ords of the 
<Jtiicral (-otirt, for the several Vcait* wlu-rein they were made and 
e>t:ii)lisheil : .\n<l now revised bv the same Court, and dis|MMcd into 
an alphabetical order, and published by the stime Aillliority in the 
(tcncral Court holden at Boston, in .May, 1041). Whasotver thtr^an 
rrnlnttth tin' l*inr, r, irnistcfh tlui (trdiiuiiu'e of Ood, and they thai 
rtttixf i'fi't/n tn tlnmsvlnH ihnunntion. Bom. BJ, 2. Cninbridge. 
Prinlril accordini: to the Onler of the (icnenil Court, ItfGO. Fol., pp. 

'I'hix vc»lnnic hiiH n rrcfiicc " To our l}«;lovcd Bretbron and Nelghboni tha Inbabii* 
unt^ «>r tliu .M>iri>«iichnHi'(trt, tht> Ctuveriiour, Atstit&iiU and Dcpatlea ftMMUlilwtlii 

Ante-Revolution ART Publications. 313 

the Generall C^art of that Jaiicdiction, v/\9h Grace and Peace in oar Lord Jesas 
(^hrit»t," eij^ned, '• By Order of the Generall Court, Edward Rawoon, Secret :" and 
an alphabetical table at the end. It was printed by Samael Green. The earliest 
volume of MasMchusetts Laws extant. See 1649. 

The Humble Petition and Address of the General Court sitting at 
Boston, New England, unto the High and Mighty Prince ChariesTho 
Second. 4lo, pp. 8. n. p. 


A C'hristian Covenanting Confession. 1 page, sm. 4to, in two columns, 
Indian and English. No date. The only known copy is in the Con- 
gi*egational Library, Boston. 
Sec A. A. 8. l*roce(ding»^ No. 61. 

Almanac by S. C. Philomath. [Saml. Cheever.] Cambridge. 

The New Testament of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. Translated 
into the Indian Language ; and ordered to be printed by the Com- 
missioners of the United Colonies in New England, at the Charge, 
and with the Consent of the Corporation in Englafld for the propaj^- 
tion of the Gospel amongst the Indians in New England. The Indian 
title is thus ; " Wusku Wuttestamentum Nul-Lordumun Jesus Christ 
Nuppoquohwusauaeneumun." With marginal notes. Printed by S. 
Green and M. Johnson. 4to. Cambridge. 

The whole is in the Indian lannni^ST®* except, havine two title paees, one of them 
is in Eoifliiih. Some copies were dedicate<l to the Klnff. See ihxUry of Printing^ 
vol. I, p. 66, Appendix £f. Kw&A. A. 8. Proceedinga^o. 61. 


Eliot, John. Psalms of David in Indian verse, entitled Wame Ketoohamae 

uketoohomaongtish David. 4to. Cambridge. 

This Indian Version accompanied the New Testament, and when the Old Testa- 
ment was finished thev were bound up together. It was a translation of the New 
England Version. Printed by S. Green and M. Johnson. HUtory qf Printing^ 
vol. I, p. 66. Mr. Trumbull has this under 1663. A. A. 8. Proceedings^ No. 61. 


Almanac for 1G()2. By Nathaniel Chauncy. Cambridge. Printed by 
S. Green. 

Answer of the Elders and otlier Messengers of the Churches assembled 
at Boston in the year 10(J2 to the Questions propounded to them by 
Order of tlie Honoured General Court. 4to, pp. 00. Cambridge. 
Printed by S. Green. 

Chauncy, Cliarles. Anti-Synodalia Seripta Americana; or, a Proposal 
of tlie Judgment of the Dissenting Messengers of the Churdies of 
New Englan<l, assembled, by tlie appointment of the General Court, 
Marcli 10, KMW. 4to, pp. m. [Cambridge. Printed by S. Green]. 

Eliot, J<din. A ('atecliism, in the Indian Language. Second impression. 
Mr. Thomas's date is 1661. 1000 coiues juinted by S. Green, Cam- 
See A. A. S. Proceedingf, No. 61. 

SyncKl. Answer of tlie Dissenting Ministers in the Synod, respecting 
Baptisme, and tlie Consociation of Churches, &c. Cambridge. 

Syno<l. Propositions to the Elders and other Messengers of the (,'hurches 
concerning Baptisme, and the Consociation of Churches, «kc. Re- 
commended bv the General Court. 4to, pp. 48. Cambridge. Printed 
by S. G. for llezekiah Usher at Boston. 

. Resolntions concerning the Subject of Baptism and ConsrHiiaticm 

of Churches, &c., by a Synod of Elders and Messengers of the 
Churches in Massachusetts colony at Boston, in 1662. 4to. Cam- 
bridge. Printed by S. Green. 

314 Hr?roBT of PRiyrrxG i.v Awtrica.>u, 4t»\ixi. f>i:^oirwi on Civil Gov»:mni*-nt in a X«w PlantACioii. 
it'*. f'P i-t. rarnbri'tiT':. VnnUiX hy S, r»r»-«n and M. Jf/hii*»- 
A^n>Ki:#] e/« ^ohA fm«<:npr>rt oq the %iirhr,r{r.7 of Mathgr't M^i/fiuiAit, lift. iii.p. 

Ilav»Ti(i^#ft, ,f/ihri fof \<:»|ja*'*m, Conn. ] An*/fh«-r E-»^»ay for InTie»aigaiioa 
of t|i«' Trith in j»riM'*«.T i/» t wo Q'l'-^'Mon.'*. I. Tht Srif»j*?frt of Baptum. 
fl. Th*:Ojfi-/,*:i;itiofi of (,'hiirrrh»->. 4lo,p|i. 82. Cunibriilj^. Printed 
hv .''. ^ir*:*ru an* J M. Johri*^fn. 

Klior. John. Th<T f f oly Hihl»- : rontainin:; Ihr- <')M T»-*tanu-nl ami ih*^ Xew. 

Tr^n'Iftt^rd inUi ih<- Indian iMn'jwi'jf. »nd OnU-nrd to lie Printed by 

ih'r CoutittiAMontT^ of th<' L'niN;<l Colon itrs in New Eni^aml, At tiie 

<'lifir(.7' nnd with t.h«- Con.t«:nt f»f th«; Cor|K>mtltm in Enifland for the 

I' r*9\9Hif iiiiou iff thf'^r«r^(K-l amon:^<*tth«' Indirmtfof Xew £Dz1and.4to. 

Tanih rid ;.'<'. I*rinl<d hv S. (irti'ti jin«l M. Johnson. 

It \i»t\ rnJkr/lfi*l wtUint: mu\ al«/j an Indian titU: pa^e. for which tee Id ed. to 
ItyC Thi« work lira* pririt<;<l wlih iMfur typf;^. full tacfid buarKeo4» «>n brerl^rbody, 


r.n^i for lh«! jrif r)Kf^«;. afid nil tS'Mul pa|>«rr. The >Vw TvMtameot, which 
l»rinti-4| In If^H wait <fii th«: i*afii(; ty|i*r<* and lik*.* iMu**r. The CHd Tet^tameot waa 
lhrf<: y4:4r<i Iti thr pr«M^. A d'^lication U> Kinj; rharie« II, waa preflxed to a 
uutt%h*'r of rt,u\t-n. Pi»r f-i >l latum MfTi; ^. ^. .V. I^rttr^^tling*. No. 61. u CniiaqtuuC% 
Amrrirnn ltU/l*M. UUttminii Magntih*^ vol. ii, pp. »»» JM*, iii. pp W, Wt 

Tim Iridian illU; l* " Manin^Mit wunn«<rtupanataniwe, l'p-^l>lun> U*^ Naneetwo 
Niikk'fn'! T<:«itaiii(;iit kah wr<Mik Wunku Teittament." 

ntj(tfinH(Mi, Joiin [of SalfMu, Mhhs. ] (*aii.H(; of Crod and bin People in New 
Kfii^lnnd. An Klrction S4?nnon pn?u<:h(Ml at li^Mton, KMVi With an 
uddn-HH to tiif (MiriHtian Ki'adcr by Rev. John Wilson and Kcr. 
Sainn«-1 Whiting. -It^*, pp. 28. (*anit)ridj;e. Printed by S. Green. 

liUWM and ordi^s niado at Scvcnil (r<?ni*nil CoiirtM in the yi-ars 1601, 1662, 
it \WV.\. I'rinfcMl and |)iihliHhf«l l»y Order of the' General Court. 
Kol., pp. H. ('anihrld'X'*. PriuM.'d by S. (JnMMi. 

SiifpJinl, 'riioMiiiM |»jf (■iinibridj^r. I LiMtcr on thi* Churcli Mc-ml>ership of 
Cliildn-n, anil fhrlr Kivrht lo n.iptisnic 4to, pp. 20, brsidw pn*fjice. 
Cjunhrid;c<'. I*rint<'d hy S. (Jt'ci'n and M. Jolinson. 

Th*' Dyliii^ Sprrrlirs of Srv'jrral Indians, i»y John Kliol. 12nic), Cam- 

Watur Kctoihoinac rk<'t<i)lioiniion>r:ish David. Kliot*s version of the 
Psalms in Mcln*, liound with tlie liibh*. 


Allin, .lohn. Aniinailvrrsions upon the Anti-Svntxhilia Americana, [a 
Tt-ratise pt'intnl in Ohl Knirlandl in the Same of the Dis.sentiii^ 
lirethren ill the S\ nod Ikeld at lioston in New Kn^hmd, 16<)2. 4to, 
nil. (0) S'J. CamlnidLTe. I'rlnted by S. (Irt'en and M.Johnson, for 
Ile/,rlviali r^her of lioslon. 

Alnnmae, for liiUI. Hy Israel Cliauney. Camhridire. Printed by S. Green 
and Si. .tolutsoii. 

Chauney. Cliarli's. .\iiii Synodalia .\mericana. Judirment of the Dis- 
sent im; lirethren ami Slessenirei-s in the Synod. 4lo, pp. 10(). Cam- 
hriil'te. Printed by S. (ireen, and M. Johnson, for Ilezekiah Usher, 
of Uo>^ton. 

\ >M i:<t Iniiii thr l-t priiiti-ii at hoiidon iii m'fi. 

DefiiH-e of the An«*uer of ilir Sym»d met at Iloston in l(>t>2. Coneernin^f 
iht' Siil>i«'ii oiUaptiNni and tin' Coiix«uiation nf (Mmrehes. Against the 
Krply id ,Iohn Davenport, iVe. ito, pp. (2) 4(), 1(>2. Small tyi>o. 
laininidiie. I*rint«il hy S. iJreen and M. John>on. for 11. Usher*. 

t'ltth'l f "il^f/lK/'.r- 

Ante-Revolutionary Pubucations. 315 

Eliot, John. The Psalter. Translated into the Indian Language. Small 

8vo, pp. 150. Cambridge. Printed by 8. Green. 

600 copies. History qf Printing, vol. i, p. 68. Mr. TrambDll, A. A. S. Proceed- 
ings, No. 01, pp. 88 and 60, exprcHBeo the opiuion thtt theve copies were worked 
flrom the forms used in prtntiD^ the Old Testament, and were printed in 1068. 

Eliot, John. Baxter's Call to the Unconverted translated into the Indian 

Language, pp. 180. Small 8vo. Cambridge. [1000 copies.] 

Quinnnppegig, etc. Cambndge. Printed by Marmadnkc Johnson. 

Laws and Orders made at Several General Courts in the years 1664, 
1661, 1662 and 1664 Printed and published by Order of the General 
Court. Fol. pp. 4. Cambridge. Printed byS. Green. 

Mather, Richard. A Defence of the Answer and Arguments of the 
Synod met at Boston, in the yeare 1662, &c., against Rev. J. Daven- 
port ; with an Answer to the Apologetic4il Preface. 4to, pp. 46. 102. 
Cambridge. Printed by S. Green and M. Johnson, for Hezekiah 
L'sher of Boston. 
Cat, qf Mats, Hist. Soc. Ubrary, 

Norton, John. Three Choice and Profitable Sermons upon Severall 

Texts of Scripture; together with a Letter to Mr. John Durj'. 4to, 

pp. (6) 12. Cambridge. Printed by S. G. and M. J. for Hezekiah Usher 

of Boston. 

The Letter to Mr. John Bury Ik a trannlation Trom the Orij?inal Manuscript written 
in Latin bv Mr. Norton, and Signed by the clergy of New England, in reply to a let- 
ter from Mr. Dory on the subject of '* Pac\^cat\on of the Churchtt. 

Bhepard, Thomas [of Cambridge]. Sincere Convert. 12mo, pp. 190. 
Cambridge. Printed by S. Green. 

Whiting, Samuel. Discourse on the Last Judgment. 12mo, pp. 170. 
(Small tyi)e). Cambridge. Printed by S. Green and W. Johnson. 


Almanac, for 1005. By Alexander Nowell, Cambridge. Printed by S. 

Collection of the Testimonies of the Fathers of the New England 
Cliun-hi's respecting Baptism. 4lo, pp. 32. Cambridge. Printed by 
Sam'l Grfen. 

Conditions for New Planters in the Territories [New York] of His Koyal 
Iliglincss the Duke of York. 
PriiittKl on \\\v. face of a half i»hect. Cambridge. Printed by S. Green. 

Danforth, Samuel. An Astronomical Description of the late Comet or 
Blazing Star, us il appeared in New Enghmd in the !)tli, 10th, 11th, 
and in tin* beginning of the 12th, Monet h, 1004. Together with a 
brief Theological Apj)lication thereof. IGnio. Cambridge. Printed 
by Samuel (rreen. 
From Catalogue of Biil'vuh Afweum. 

Eliot, John [ot Uo.xbury.J Connnunion of Cluirehes, or the Divine 
Management of the (iospel ('hurches, bv the Ordimuice of Councils, 
const ituteil in Order, tV:c. bvo, pp. 3b. Printed by M. Johnson, 
Not piiUlshtd. See IliM. of Printing, i, 82. 

Eliot, John. The Book of Genesis, and the Gospel of Matthew in 
the Indian language. 

Laws and Onh-rs made at like (Jeneral Court in May 3, Augihst 1, and Oc- 
tober 11, iOOo. Printed and pul)iished by order of the General Court. 
Fol., |)p. 4. Cambridge. Printed by S. Green. 

316 History of Printing in America, 

Manila worn pne PomantnmooDk: Saniiiwshanau Chrlstiannta TJttoh wok itn 
Pcimantog WussikkiUcationat God. Sm.Svo.pp.WO. Iln tbeUngHage 
of the aborigiDea of Now England.] Cumbriuge. Pnnleil 8. Qroen. 
BoUbt'b Pnctlse of Buty Bbrldgwl by ElloL Soa A. A. S. Pnaaediiigt. So. BI. 

Psnlma, Hymna, and Spiritual Songs of tbc Old and New Testuroent, 
FaitliEiillv Translated into English Metre. For tlie Use, Edification, 
and Comfort of the Sainta In publick and private, wuecially in New 
England. ISuio, pp. 100. Combrid}^. Printed for Hezeldah Usiior 
of Boaltin. No dal«, 

SnppoBcid by Hr, Tbamie to bsve bead printed In 11164 ut ISGS. Hitl. qT Priiilliut, 
vol. I. pp. tb-m. The true dale of tbii edllloa ii doubtfal. It ia mlso doubllnl 
wbetber tbe prinllog wa* done Id lUi conntiT ar In Bnglaod. The eaine typei in 
nul MHO Id any otber work execDtod b«rs. It it poadblfl Ibst Xr. U«ber ordsred 
Gopln printed Bl Canbrldgii in Bnuland to be bODpd ap wlUi tbe tnuU Bibles piin t«l 
then and aliewtacre for the New Eualillid mbrket. Otber copla wllb the «me im- 
iHlni. varyloeilluhtlT In *Ue. ind mlb Mune cbtmsea Id the ■pelllDit of worda in 
tbe text ire met with. Mr. Brlnlsy or HjuUtonl hui una. Ur. fhomu'a copy wu 
boDDd with » Bible printed at CambrJdEe, BuEJaud, by Koger Daniel, IHB. The 
,Pulnia are rimllarlr aaaodaliid with BlElea panted In other placsii. sad of otber 

HM.qfPrinlbig.Yoi.i, p,4T. Tlicdateoflbel'itilmBcinDot be decided by tbe dale 
oflhe Blblci. Mr. Leuoi tbloka Lhla may be the filb edition, and tbe fimt Ilial waa 
priuwd In two colniDUB. 

Almanac for ISSfl. By Joaioli Flint Camliridge. 

Printed by S. OrKn. 
Eliot, John. Indiivn Grammar Begun ; or an Essay U 
Lungiiage into Rules for ilie Help of s" ' ' ' " 
for Oic FitrtbcrHnce of the Gospel an 
Cambridge, Priuhid by U. Johnaon. 

A. A. a. PreoeuUng; No. Bl. 

Laws andUrdera madcnt the GenoralCourt held atBoaton 33d of May,lflS6, 
and lltb of October following. Printed and Publlahed by Orderof lUe 
General Court, Polio, pp, 4. Cambridge. Printed by Sam'l Green. 

Wbiling, Samuel. Meditations upon Genesis svjn, ver. 33 lo Ihe end of 
the chapter. 13mo, pp. 300. Cambridge. Printed, undoubtedly, by 

Almanac for 1687. By Samuel Boakenbury. Cambridge. Printed by 

Danforth, Samuel (of Ro.tbury). An Astronomical Deacrlption of 
late Comet, or Blazing Stair, as it appeared Ju New England, II 
IBmo, pp. 22. Cambridge. 


Almanac for 1888, By, Joseph Dudley. Cambridge. Prinledby S.Greai.! 

Brelz, Guy de. Rise, Spring, and Foundation of tlie Anabaptists or Re- 
baptised of our Times, 15US. Translated froni the Freacli by J. S. 
4to, pp, 92. Cambridge. Frinteil by M. JoLusou, 

Ood'fl Terrible Voice in the Citv of London; wherein you have Ihe Nar- 
ration of the lute dreadful .luilgments of Plague and Fire ; the former 
in Ihe year 1««5, and Uie lalMsr In 160U. 4lo, pp. 83. Cambridge. 
Reprinted by M, Johnson, 

Iiaws and Orders nmile ni (he General Court of Eleciion, held at Rosion 
In New England the 2()th of April, 1U0». Printed and publishi-d by 
Iheir order. Fol., pp. 12, Cambridge, Printcii by 8. Green. 

Laws and Orders made at the General Court held at Boston in New Eng- 
land, October i4lb,16fW. Printed and published l(y their order. FoT, 
pp, 16. Cambridge. Printed by 8. Green. 

Oakes, Urian. Elegy on tbe Rev. Tbomas SheiHkrd, Pastor of tbe 
Church in Charlislown, Itu. Cambridge. Printed by S. Grei3i, 


H Bogere, Tiraothv. The Rightmus Man's Evidence of Heaven. Sm. 

■ 4U>. Comlii^dge. Primed by M. JolmsaD. 

■ SbciHird, Tlionuw (of Cambridge). Wine for Gospel Wantons, or Cau- 

tions against Spiritual Dniakcnncsa. 4to, pp. 19. Cambridge. 

Ante-Re vuLUTioN ART Publications. 



PaTenport, Joliii. Qod'sCal] Uibis people(Fast Somi.). 4to. Camliridge. 

Zliot, John. Tlii^ Indian Priiner, or tbe way of Training up our Youlli 
of India in the Enowleilge of God. S4uio. Cambridge. ? 
Mr. TrnmbuU iuA.A. S. I'rwutling: No. ni. 

Hathar, IniTeatte. Tlie Mvstery of Israel's SalvBllon Esplwned and Ap- 
plyed. lamo, pp. (93)' 181, 5. Boaton. 

Uorton, Nalbaniel. New England's Meraoriali : or, A Brief Relation of 
the most Memorable and Remarkable Passages of Hie Providence of 
God maulfestcd to tlie Planlera of New England, in Americu ; witli 
Specisl HeferoQce to the First Colony lliweof. called New PliinouUi. 
4io, n|). (13) 168 (10). Cambri*^- Print«l by 8. Q. and M. J. for 

H. Ualier of Boston. 
Sliepard, Tlioma» (of Cambridge). Lcller o 

of Children and (heir riglit tii Baptism. 
)d edition. SeelSSS. 
■Wiiichelsea, Earl of. True and EmipI Ri-lalion of the Inle |iri>digioiiB 

Earthquake and Eruption of Mount Etna, or Monie Giljello. 4to. 

Cambridge. Printed by S. O. and M. J. 

Almanac for 1670. By D. R. (D. Rieliardson). Cambridge. Printod by 

B. G. and M. J. 
Jl Qilicke.uitig Word for ha.-itening a Sluggish Soul lo answer the DiTinu 

Call. l2roo. Canibridpp. 
mntlier, Increase. Life and Death of lliat Reverend Man of Ood Mr. 

Rielmrd Mather. 4Ut, pp. 42. Cambridge. Printed by B. Urcen 

and H. Johnson. 
3I»tlicr, Samnel (of Dublin. Ireland). Testimony from the Scriptun- against 

Idolaliy and Superstition. Preached in Dublin, ISGO. 4lo, pp. 8(1 (no 

printer's name). Reprinted at Cambridge. 
SUt. ^ Prinllittr. 1. 10. Tlw Man. Hltl. Son. Calalngw tir» It "Two ScnnooB. 

Uii, pp, 88. No Imprtnl." The Ptinct JMrary OWaiw"' ■"" " " " — " 

Dpoa tbe suinple of Hui'lilMi, u. p. n. d. pp. |0| 88, aio,' 

e Church MembirsUip 

StoUKhton, WilliHtii ((Ff I: 
-J lie. Mass. Elf. * 

adds ■■ Frluied In 

i'lii'sl«r). New England's True Inlereet; not 
Mcrnion. April 39, 1808. 4to, pp. 40. Cam- 
i. and M. J. 

bridge. Printed bj- 
Walley, Thomas (of Banutulile), Balm in Gilead to heal Zions Wounds, 
an Election Sermon al Ptviiioiitb, 1681). 4to, pp. 20. Printed by S. 
Orcea and M. JohniioiL. Camhridge, 
Alni.inac for 1071. D. R, Philomatbi 

S G. and M. J. 
banfrirth, Sam'I (of Roxbiu-r). A Brief Recognition of New Eni:land' 
Errand in iFi./ Wildcrtu-;*.. Elecaion Soruion I lUi 3d 
pp. (1, 2a. Cumb. Printed by S. G. and M. J. 
It] 41) 

Cambridge. Printed by 


318 History of Printing in America. 

Mather, Eltazer (of Northampton). A Serious Exhortation to the PnrI 
sent ami SuccMdlng Gi:nenitio&. 4to. Cambridge. Prioted bTfl 
S. Q. and M. J. ■ 

It of the Word of Qod, awl 1 
^, . , „ riof ibc CliurcliceaMeublodi 

in Synud at CamtiridKc, in New England. The Eighth Uonelhl 
Anno, 1849. Second imeric*ii Ed. 4to, pp. (13) 83 (3). With* J 
Preface. Camhrldge. Printed by M. Jobnnm. 

Allio, John <of Dcilham). Spouse of Christ cnming out of Affliction j 
leaning upon her Beloved. 4lo, pp. S2. Cambridge. Printed bv] 
Sam'] Green. " 

Eliot, Joliii. The L<)gick Primer. Some L<igicai Notions to initiate J 
tlie Indiana in the Knnwledi^ of the Rub of Hensou, &c. SOnio, | 
Cambridge. Printed by Marmaduke Johnson. 

Fitch, James (of Norwich), A Sermon on lUe Dealli of Anne Mason. 1 
ito, pp. 18. Cambridge. Prinlcii by S. Green. 

General Laws and Liberties of ibe Massachusetts Colony, Reviaed and J 

the whole. Fol., pp. 200. Cambridge. Printed by 8. Green. 

See HUlory itf PrinOng, i, p. Tl. 

Mather, Inercasc. Word lu the P*rc)ient and Succeeding Generations,! 
of New England. 4lo, pp. 83. " Printed at C'ambndge by Sam'tij 
Green, and are to be sold by John Tappan of Boston," 

Berenil Laws and Orders made at Uie Qencial Court in Boston, 1S73lI 
Fol., pp. 8. Cambridge. Printed by S. Green. 

Bhepard. Jeremiah. An E|)hemeria of the Celestial MoUons. ISmo, | 

The Book of the General Laws of the Inhabitants of New Plimouib, 
collected out of the Records of the General CourL Published by Lbs 
Authority of the General Couri of that Jurisdiction, held at Plimoutli 
the Olh day of June, 1671. (It has the following text of Scripture in 
the Title page. " Be subject to every ordinance of man for the Lord's 
sake." I Pet, ii, 13). Fol., pp. 50 Cambridge. Printed by S- Gree 

An Almanac of the Celestial Motions, by N. II. 12mo, Cambridge, 
Mather, lucrease. Woe to Drunkards. Two Sermons. 4Io, pp. 34 1 

Cambridge. Prluted by M. Jobuson. 
Oakes, Trian (of Cambridge). New Englitod Pleaded with and Pressed t 

to Consider the Things wbich concerne her Peace, An Electiuil I 

Sermon, 1673, 4to, pp. 84. Cambridge. Printed by Sam'l Green. 
Old Mr. Dixl's Sayings, or a Poaie out of Mr. Dod's Garden. Collected J 

by R T, 12mo. Cambridge. 

Ante-Revolutionart Publications. 319 

Slicpanl, ThoTuitd {o£ Clmrleslown). Eye Salvn ; or n W«U:hworU from 
uiir Lord Jl-suh ClirUC iiato Ilia CliurclicH ; especially in tlic Colony of 
MnssiLi-husclU. An Eloction Strmon prcncliwi at Boston, Mny 15, 
1073. 4Io, pp. 53. Cambridge. Printed Uy Sam'l Green. 

PnibcK hj TbomM Thscher. 

Thu Book of the General Laws for the People within the .luriadiction of 
ecticut. Collected out of the Itecords of the Gi'neral Court 


ua walk honestly as in the day, not in riotmff and drunkenness ; not 
ill cliauiltcrut); and wanlonnees ; not In fllrife »nd envying:." Uom. 
xiii, 13. A aniall wood-cui uf the anna of Connecticut is m tlic title 
iw^e). Fol.,pp. 70. Ciiiiibridgc. Printed liy 8, Green. 

Hill. <^ PHallnff, i. pp. 71^. In Mr. Brlnloj's copf ttaa Scrlplare dUtlon >■ 
Irom Rom. 13, 1, 1, wblca aro more appmprUle vereo. 

Wakeman, Samuel (of Fairfield). Young Man's Legacy ihc Rising Ge- 
neration. A Sermon preached at the Death of John Tajipan of Bos- 
ton. 4lo, pp. 40. Cambridge. Printed by M. Johnson. 

Willanl, Saniuel. Useful Instnielions for a professing People in Times 
of Great Security and Deifcneracy, Delivered In Several Sennona on 
Solemn Oceasious. Cambridge. Printed by Sauioel Green. 

Almanocof Celestial Motions, &c., for 1674. 16mo. Cambridge. Printed 

by Samuel Green. 

Almanac. J, S. . Cambridge. 

Arnold, Samuel (of Marshtield). David Servingbis Generation. An Elec- 
tion Sermon before tlie General Court ot New Plymouth, June, 1074. 
4lo, pp. 18. Cambridge. Printed by 6. Green, 

Danforih, Samuel. Cry of Sodom enquired Into, upon Occasion of the 
Ansignment and Condemn ation of Benj. Goad for his prodigious Vil- 
lany. By 8. D. 4lo, pp. (4) 85. Cambndgo. Printed by M. Johnson. 

Fllcli, Janies (of Norwich). Holy Communion, An Election Sermon 

E reached at Ili.rlfonl, Conn., Slay 14, 1874. 4to, pp. v, 3ti. Ciini- 
ridgc. Printed by S, Green. 
Mather, Increase. The Dav of TroubU' is near. Two Sermons preached 
on the lltlt of tlie 12lli Moneth l(t7;t. Cainbrids^<. 4to, pp. (4) 31. 
Printed by Maroiaduke Johnson. 

l.ortho.Christlan St...- ^ 

f „ o II Fighting tlio 

Good Fight. A Sermon preached nt Boaliin on Artillery Election, 
1674. 4to, pp, 4H. Cambridge. Printed by S. Green. 
Okkca, Urian (of Cambridge). The Unconquerable, all Con([uering, and 
more than Conquering Souldier, or the successful Warre which a 
BeUerer mgetb with the Enemies of liia Soul. An Artillery Elec- 
tl«iBariiion,JiuieU7a. 4lo,pp.40. Cambridge. Printed by H. Green. 
SfVi-ral LaWM and Onlris made at the Oi-neral Couri ut Boston. 1074. 

Fol,, pp. U. Ciiuitiriilgc. Printed by S. Gnien. 
Tortvy, Snmni'I (ot Weymoulli). Bshortatlon unto Reformation. An 
^^^B SuTtion (termon nt Plymmitfa, 4tu, pp. 44. CambridgL'. Printed 
^^^Kby M. Jolm«uD. 

^^^^■no Nnrmlim of Kio Lord's Providences in various di'^jti'iisiitions 
^^^Hiwiinl* Cnpt. Edward nillchliisim nf Bostoii and uiy.ielf, iin^l those 
^^^HpM Witnl wlill m intit the Niliiuuctt country, ami uIho lo (jiuibaog, 
^^■^ UrixJJlrlfL tU^ |1I>. {») lb, 18. Boston. 

320 History of Prixttng in Axebica. 

Almanor. J. F«n*t<'r. C/ambriil^re. SamiK-l Gn^en. 

G«.-n'fnil I^w-i and LilHrti<-s of the Ma^^arliusctts Colony in New Eng- 
lafnl. I^:vi^'<l and H<'prini<il. by order of the Genrral Court, lioUlcn 
at liif^um. May 15th. 1072. Fof. Caniliritlgf. Printed by S. (ircn-n. 

Mather. InenraHc. Th«' First PrincipliM of New Enj^lanil, concerning the 
Siibj'.-ct of liaptiMH and Communion of Churches. 4to, pp. (c) 40, 
7. r'aiiitirid^t. Printed by Sanmel Green. 

. . DifM-oiirse conecminjr the Subje<*t of Baptism, wherein^ the 

I>n'-4-nt eonlroversic-s in the New England Churches are inquired into. 
4to. pp. (4) 7(J. Camtirid;re. Printed by i^imuel Green. 

Mather Inen-ase. Tiie Tinier of Men are in the Hands of God. A Ser- 
mon <H;<*aHioned by th<? blowing; up of a Ves.sel with the crew 4to, 
pp.21. Boston. 'Print<Ml by John Foster. 

, . The wicked Man'.x Portion. Sermon at the Lecture In Bos- 
ton, Jan. IH, 1074, on tiie Execution of Two Men. 4lo, pp. 25. Bos- 
ton. Printed by John Fowler. 

Thii» HermoD and the ouc prt^ediii^ it arc probably the first i»fnea of the prvts In 

Several " I^aws and Orders" made at the S<*.**ion8 of the General Court 
a! BoHton, 1075. Fol., i>p. 20. Cambridge. Printed by B. Green. 


Alman.'ie. J. 8. (Sherman). Cambridj^e. S. Green. 

Almanac. (J. Fost<T). I^Mton. 

Hubbard, William (of Ipswich). The Happin«*8s of a People. Elwtion 
Sermon at lioHton May lid, 1070. 4to, p|>. 72. Boston. Printed by 
John Foster. 

MatluT, IiKToase. Brief History of the War with the Indiann in New 
Env:lari(l. 4to, pp. ((») 52, H. Boston. Printitl by John Foster. 

, ■ . Am Karnes! Exhortallon to the Iiilnibitnnls of New England 

to iHurkcii to iIk; Voice of (lod. tto, pp. 2<>. Boston. Printed by 
John Foster. 

MitclH'll, .Ir)natliun (of ('ainl)ridL'^<'). Kanu-^t Kxhortation to the Tnbabit- 
aiiis of N^•^^ Kiiiil.iiHl. Mo. linslon. Printcil l»v Jolin Foster. 

Wlicclcr, ('ai)t. Thomas. A Thankful KcnK-mbrance of (JcMrs Mercy at 
(2iial)oair. Ito. Canihriil^o. 

Willanl, Sainticl. Heart (Jarrisoncd; or the Wisdomcand Careof the Spi- 
rit iial Souldier above all Thin^^s to Safe iruaid his Heart. An Artillery 
Kh'etioii Sermon. 4to, pp. 24. Caml)ri(l.ire. Printed by S. (ireen. 

W^illiains, Hoirer. (Jeorirc Fox I)i;x^ed out of his Burr«)wes, or an otfer 

of Disputation on 11 proposalls, nka<l(Hhe last sunkmer, lG72(so <;alle(l) 

unto(»eor^e Fox, then prescMit on Klioile Island, in New England, 

by H. W. Ito, pp. :J27. Boston. Printed by John Foster. 

Thi"* \v(>rk Im^ tin* Iwud pn»cc U"*erl l)y S. liroeii at tlic bo^iiinhig of Iho L4iw« he 
priiitcd al (.:iunl)ri<l;:t' in U'tl'l. 


Almanac. J. S. (Sherman). CanibridLCc. S. (Jrecn. 

Hooker, Samuel (of FanninL,Mon). ('onnecti<"ul Kletrtion Sermon May 10, 
1(17 7, froni llos. x, 12. -Ito, pp. 2h. i.'osion, 

HubbanI, William (of Ipswich). .V Narrative of the Troubles with the 
ln<lians in .New KuLHand. from the fji^t Plantiniic thereof in the Year 
U)07, to the present Year 1077. But chielly of the late Trr)ubles in 
tin- two last Years 1(175 A: 1(J7(). To which is added a Disi-oursc 
about the War with the l*e(pio(K in the year 1(5:}7. 4to, pp.247. Puli- 
li^hed by autliorilv. Boston. I'rinled by John Foster. 

Antb-Bevoltjtionart Publications. 


Hatber, Increase. Ite'ttion of IheTronbles which have happened in New 
Eogland by Renaon o( the IniUnnii lliere, ttom tin- vear IG14 to the 
vcar 18'S, wherein the frequent conspiracies of thetnilinns iind the 
Wonderful Providence of God in diwppointiug their Deyices is de- 
clared. 4U>, pp. 76. Boston. Printed bj John Foster. 

lluther, IncrcBBe, Hisloricat Discoiirae concerning the Prevalency of 
Prnyer. 4lo, pp. 20. Boston. Printed by John Foster. 

Oakes, Urian (of Cambridge). Elegy on the Death of the Iter. Thomas 
Sliepard of CharlestowD, Mobs. 4to, pp. 16. Cambridge. Printed 
by Bamiie] Green. 

SeTeral Laws and Orders made at tbe lirsl SessiooB of tlic Ocneral Court 
at Boston for Elections, 1677. FoL, pp. 4. Cambridge. Printed by 
B. Green. 

Wilson, John. A Seasonable Watchword unto Christians against the 
Srmma and Dreanieis of this Generation. Sermon preached Nov. 
lis, 1605. 4lo, rp. to. Cambridge. Printed by 8. Green. 

Altnanac. J. F. "Printed by J. Poster for John Usher of BosIoil" 

Almanac. T. B. (Thomas Brattle). Cambridge. 

Bradstreet, Mrs. Anne. Several Poems compiled wTth great variety of 
Wit and I^carning, full of Delight; wherem especially is contained a 
complete discourse and description of tiie Four Elemenle, Consiitu- 
tinns. Ages of Han, and Seasons of the Year. Together with an exact 
Epitome of the Three first Monarchies, viz. the Assyrian, Persian, 
Grecdan, and beginning of the Roman Commonwealth to the end ui 
their last Eing. By a Gentlewoman in New England, 3d Ed. 8ro, 
pp. 25S. Boston. "Priuled by John Foster. 

Eliot, John (of Rnibury). Bamion^ of the Gospels in the Holy Histoij 
of the Humiliations and Sufferings of Jesus Christ. 4to, pp. 136. 
BoetoQ. Printed by John Foster. 

Fox, 6H)rgeuidBDmyeat,John. A New England Fire-Bmnd Quenched 
in Bnawer to a Lying, Slanderous Book, Entltuh^ George Fox 
Digged out of his Burrows, £c. Printed at Boston, in 1076, of one 
Roger Williams of Providence in New England, n. p. Printed in 
the year mdclsxviu. In two pans. 4to, pp. (28) 283 ; (3) 255, (I). 

Id ttiE CiUlagDe ot tlio Llliniry of Jnim Carter BnMia the dais glTeD !■ bdcuuiix. 

i ILtrvard College. Theses, Commencement 1678. Broadside. Cantab. 
I Hather, Eleazer. Serious Exhortation to the present and succeeding 

OencraUoo in New England. 4to, pp. 33. Boston. Printed by 

John Foster. 

A M edldoD or the eabnUnce oriili Uil BennoDB. 

[ Mather, Increaae. Pray for the Rising Generation. A Sermon preached 
in tlie Second Churcli cif Boston on a day of Fasting & Prayer the 
third day of the Fifth Montli 1078. 4to. Cambridge. Printed by 
Samuel Green and Sold by Eiluiund Ranger in Boston, pp. 33. 

Nowrll, Samuel, Abrahaiu in Amis, An Artillery Election Sermon, 
ia7(t. Small 4to, pp. 24. Bosron. Printed by John Foster. 

Thatcher, Thomas. Fast Bcrmun, 1674. 41o, pp. 30. Boston. Printed 
by John Foster. 

Report of the trustees,— (Anthony Stoddard, John Juyliffe, and CapL John 
Richards), — appointed to receive contributions for the ransom of the 
captives taken by the Indians at HutlitUl, Sept. 19, 1(177. Broadside. 
August, 1T7C. Boston, 
See Dtatnf Utl. BohIoh. p VW 

322 History of Printing in America. 


Adams, William (of Dwlham) Necessity of the pouring out of the 
Sl)irit. Sermon on a general Fast thn>iigli New England, 1678. 4tx>, 
pn. 48. Boston. Printed by J. Foster for Wm. Avery near the aign 
oi the Blu(^ Anchor. 

All in, James (of Boston). Serious advic<; to delivered ones from Sickncm 
or other Dangers threatening Death. In Several Sermons. 4to. 
Boston. Printed by John Foster. 

, . New England's Choicest Blessings. An Election Scnnonat 

Boston, May 2ath, 107». 4to, jip. 14. Boston. Printed by John 

Almanac for 1670. By J. D. (John Danforth). Philomath. Cambridge. 
S. Green. 

. J. F. (John Foster). Boston. 

Bridge, William. Word to the Aged. 12mo, pp. 18. Boston. Printed 
for John GrilHn. 

Eliot, John. A Brief Answer to a Small Book by John Norcott on Infant 

Fitch, James. First Principles of the Doctrine of Christ. 16mo, pp. 76. 
Boston. Printed by John Foster. 
In IlATV. Coll. Lib. 

Mather, Increase. Call from Heaven to the Present and Succeeding 
Generations. 8vo. Boston. Printed by John Foster. 

Pniy for the Rising Generation. Fast Sermon, 1678. 2d 

Kd. 16mo, pp. 29. Boston. Printed by John Foster. 

Discourse concerning the Danger of Apostacy. Election 

Sermon, 1677. l(>mo. ]^)ston. Printed bv John Foster. 

Ilefonnation, the Nf'ccssity of, with Expedienls subservient thereto 
assert (mI in Answer to the Questions agreed upon by the Elders and 
Mc'.sscngrrs asscjublcil in Synod at Boston, N. K. Sept. lUth, 1679. 
KecoinmendiMl by tli<' (jJimutuI Court, 167iK 4to, pp. 24. Boston. 
Printed bv John Foster. 

Hi(!liJinNon, John The necessity of a wril E.\|>ericnced Souldiery ; An 
Arlilh'ry Klection Sermon .)uih" KMli, 167."), by J. R 4to, pp. 15. 
Cambridge. i*riute<l l>y Samuel (.Jreeu. 
Uopriiitcfl at HuHton in 1S.T). 

Willard, Saniurl. SfTinon oecasioneil by the Death of John Leveret, Esq., 
(iouvernor of the* (U)lony of the >fattacliusetts, N. E. 4to, pp. 13. 
Boston, i'rinteil by John Foster. 


Allln, James. Man's Self Hetlection a m<*ans to further his Utrovery 
from his Apostacy from God. l2mo. Cambridge. Printed by 
S. (Jreen. 

Almanac. Boston. (John t..ster). Printed for and sold by Henry 

Bible. Wusku WutU'stamentum Niil-Lorduuum J(^sus Nuppotiuoli- 
wussuaeneiunan, 4to. Cambridge. 

[Th«; New Tf^tainciit in lh«» IiidiHii laiiiruajre. Tlu! ;rnwit»T jwrt, Including; the title 

fia^fu, wditunnted in U>s^), \nn tliii l'(>-<t:uiiiMii \vu-( nor. coniplute l unul flu* year fol* 
owiii<;. ThiH wurf a *^(1 iMlition uml conni^ted of 'iTitN) copien, j<K) of vrliich weru 
bound u|) witli ttie Indian cilrciii-^ai. and tliu roniainder reitervcd lo complete li 
mjcond editiuu ot the wlioie Hil>le which appi;arud in 1(>*«5.— MS. fwUx of I. Thotna*.] 

Ante-Retolutionabt Publications. 323 

ConresaioD of Faitli owDcd and asaenlcd to by Uie Synod assEniblcd at 
Boston in N. E. May 12, 1080; and approved by the Genernl Court. 
Together with the Platform of Church DiBCiprme. 13nio, pp. 130. 
Boelon. Printed by Jolin Foster. 

[PriBCB e»vi the Coafaiian wm wriilen by Incrtaae Mitlier. See Catabigv 9' 
Vu Prina Libroni.\ 

Hoar. Ijeonard. Two Serai ons on theDeathof Lady Mildmay ; dedicated 
by T. Fljnt to Mrs. Bridget L'elier. 4to, pp. ao. Bosion. Printed 
Ly John Fosirr. 

Mather, Increaae. The Divine Ri{;ht nf Infant Baptiani BBserled and 
proved Irom Scripture and Antlqullv; with a Preface by Urian 
Oakes. 4to, pp. 27. Boston. Printed by John Foster. 

Uather, Increase, lletuming unto God the great Concernment of a Cove- 
nant People. Addeased V> the Second Church in Bosl»n. witli tlie 
Covenant, &c. 4to, pp. 31. Boalon. Printed by John Foster. 

Balcni, Mass. A Copy of the Church Covenants which have been used 
in tlie Church of Salem. 13mo. Boston. Printed by John Foster. 

Wilhtrd, Samuel. The Duty of a People that have renewed their Cov- 
enant with Ood. Sermon preached to the Second Church, Boston, 
M&rch 16, 1070-80. after tliut Church had renewed their Covenant. 
4to, pp. 13. Boston. Printed by John Foster. 

Almanac. (John Foster) Boston. Printed by J. F. for Samuel Phillips, 
Biuiyan, John. Pilgriras Progress. Boston. 

Mr. Brtpley hmr the only copy known. 
Foster, John. Two poems on his death were pris till in 1081, one wrilleti 

by Thomas Tilcslone, of Dorchester, and the other by Joseph Capvn, 

uterwards minister of Topsfleld, Mass, 
Hallier, Increase. Brief Animadversions on the Namilive of the New 

England Anabaptists. 4to. Boston. (Printed by John Foster). 
Mather, Increase. Heaven's Alarm to the World, a Sermon wherein is 

shewed tluit fearful Sights and Signs in Heaven are the Presages of 

creat Calamities at Hand, 4to, pp. IT. Boetou. Printed by John 

f Sererals relating to the F^ind, printed for Divers Reasons as may appear. 

■Yirginia. The Laws of, for 1680. Probably prmted at or near 
■ burg, 1681 or 82. 

Ths Mlj thing known to hsvelweD printed In Vlrijlnljibflfow ITSB, J 
lIldttKl>HnlGiwi.Ti:"ardiireid loonier Into bODd In £11X1 not to print u 
anw unlU till DiAjeMy'g pleaanre >luil[ be knuwn." 

History of Printing in America. 

are detected. 

aigiuueut of S. Sow all. 

An Ephemeriso( Celestial Motions, &c. By William BratUe. Carahridgc 

Prinl«d by Samuel Qret'n. 
BoDd, Sainaon. A Publick Trj-al of tlie Quakera at Bemindas, May, 18T8. 

4to, pp. 104. Boston. Primed by SniiiUL'l Oreen, Jr. , upon Asrign- 

mt'Dt of Sam'l Sewall. 
Maliicr, CutUin. Omamenls for the Daugbters of Zion ; or the CliaracUr 

and Happinees of a Virtuous Woman. 13ruo, pp. 116. Cambridge. 

Printvd by 8. & B. Green, for Samuel Pliilliiis of Boston. 
Maliier, Increase. Quaven's Alarm to llie World, or a Sermon wUcrein 

is iiiewiHl tliut ftturful Siglita and Signs in Heaven arc Uie Presa^^ 

of gri'Ut Calaniilieaal liand. Bvo, — '-' "'"-■ ■'- 

Urn. Printed for Samuel Sewall. 


3d Ed. Revised, &c. Bos- 

— , . Tbe Latter Sign diacoiiTBwl of. Tlie Voite of God, Ac Ser- 
mon at the Boston Lecture Aug. 31, 1682. lOuio, pp. 33. (Boston). 

— , . [Eiglil Somiona, on the Duty of Prayer, the Lord's Supper, 

Sleeping at Sermons, etc.] Svtt (Boston 1). 
Uuv. Coll. Lib. 

, . Same. 2d Ed. ISnio. Boston. Printed by S. Green. 

Mallier, Increase. The Chtircli of Christ a SubjccI 

lative to the Persecution of the ProtestauU in 

mon. 4to, pp. 24 Boston. 
Oalcea, Urian (of Cambrid^). Soveroijn Bfflcacy of Divine Providence. 

An Artillurr Elecijon Sermon at Cambridge Sept. lOUi, 1G7T. 4U). 

Boston. Printed for Samuel Sowall. 
, . Bincerily and Delight in llie Service of God ; Fast Sermon 

delivered at Cambridge. Printed by 8. Qreen. 
Rowlandson, Joseph (of Lancaster). Fust Sermon at WcatbcrBfield Nov. 

ai, 1678. ISmo, pp. 30. Boalou. Printed tor John Ratclilf and 

John Grintn. 
, Mrs. Mary, The SoveraiKnly & Ooodnes of God ; A Norralive of 

the Captiviiv and Hestoratfon of Mrs. Mary Itowlondaon. 6vo, pp. 

73. PriuleJ by Samuel Green. 

ire Way to prevent Uireal^'ned calamity. 

■Willard, SauiueHof Boston). Covenant Keeping the Way U> Blessjrdness; 
sa it was delivered in several Seniiuns. ISnio, pp. 32(1. Boston. 
Printed by James Glen for S. Sewall. 

lamae) (of Boston). Fi 
ID preached at C'harlesioi 



BoslooEpliciueris. (By Cotton MalliL-M Boslon. PriutwibyS. G. (or S. 8. 

.fitch, Junra (cif Nuriricli). An Gx|i[aniiUiii] of thu Solemn advice by 
the Council in C<iniiepiicut to the Inhabitniits, respecting the I{«(ar- 
mitlion of liiono Evils wliicli have been the Cause af the lale Judg- 
mcnla upon New En^lHod. 8vo, p|i. 140. Boston. Printed by 8. 
Green for J. Uslier, 

:Vltch, Jfttncs. A Brii^C Ducuurse proving thai the first Day of the Week 
is Uiu Chriatian Sabbath. ISma. 

ter, Increase. KOMIITOITA-Pl A. A Diacourse Concerning Come W; 
vherein the Nulun •<{ itlM/jni: M;irf i.4 inquired inlo; with an Histo- 
rical AccoLUii of nil ili'M 1 r- mIiU-Ii baveftppeured from the Begin- 
ning ot the Wcirlil ii( rill- i>]i-ii,i Vciir, I6S3. As alsu two Sen nuns. 
9vo,pp.l4B. Bii^,i.jri. I'liiiii-aiA S.U.for8.S.&soidbyJ.Bnuining. 
Tlie two aermuo* on; «-u.™ > Alunn id uU uid Tht Laller Sign. 
le Shorter CATfecmau. Viwn Huston. 

Torrey, Samuel tof WeynioulL). A Plen for [be Life of Dying Religion, 
from the Word uf iliu Lord, An Election Sermon id Boston. May 
leth, 1683. 4lu, pp. 4(1. Boston. Printed by Samuel Qreen fur 
Samuel Bewail, 
'ilhtrd, Snmuel. The High Esteem which God hath of the Death of his 
Sainia. A Sermon OeLT, lUH;), occasioned by IbeDenth of John Hull. 
With an Elegy in Latin. 4t<), pp. 30. Boston. Printed by tjamuet 
Green for Samuel Sewall. 

Slan in Distre^.; or the Grunns of the Priitestnnt Church. 3d ed. 8vo. 
Boston. Printed by S. U. for Saumel Phillips. 

Almanac. Benjamin Gillaro (Pliilo-Nftuticns). Boston. Piinted by 
Samuel Green, fur Snmuel Phillips. 

iitnac for 1081. By N. Russell. Cambridge. Printed by Samuel 

Oort)ett, John. Enquiry intii the State uf his own Soul; or Self Employ- 
ment in Secret. Hvo, pp. liO. Boslon. Itepriuied by Kcburd Pierce 
for Joseph Brunning. 

Denison, Mi^ or Daniel. Trenicon, or a Salve for New England's Sore. 8vo. 

Wltb Unbhird-' t1l-four*<: <»i ili-i ll'virli i>f Uujor Son-] DeoiSDa. 
H«libard,Wm.(of Iiiswiili i. V:\< SiTiiiiin June 34, 1082, and discourse on 
tliu Death of >tiji>r Ci'o. I)fiii>iin, with Denisoo's Irenicon or Salve 
for Xuw EngltiuilV S.>ri-. .4v-.., pp. :il8 Boston. Printed bj Samuel 
llathKr, Increase. An Arrow against profane and promiscuous Dancing, 
drawn out o( the Quiver of tlie Scriptures. I2mo, pp. 30. Boslon. 
Printed by Snniuvt Green, and are to be sold by Joseph Bniuniug. 
Bit sWti'i Han. Umtt.. i, pp. «5-e. 
Katlier, Increase. Doclrint! of Divine Providence opened and applied. 
Also Sundry Sermons on other Subjecu. 8vo, pp. 143. Boston. 
Prtntwi by Richard Plerep for Josi'ph Brunning. 
Halher, Increase. Some Iniporlnnt Truths about Conversion. Loudon, 
1874. BosLou, HW4. Pages 151. 

11] 41 

326 History of Printing in America. 

MatlifT, TiHTcnsc. An KKsay for the Kcronlin^of IlliiBtriouB ProTidcnces, 
Kspcciully in Nc-w Kii^Jland. bvo, i>i>. ;J72. Boston. Prinltd by 8. 
(»r<'tn, for J. Brunnini^. 

MatlHT, Nathaniel (Pastor of a Church in Dublin, Ireland). The Duty 
and Can* of Believers in (.'hrist to live in a ConHlant Exercise of 
(J race. Hvo, |>i). 31. Boston. Printed by R(ichanl) P(ierce) for 
.Joseph Brunnni^. 

Willard, Samuel. C^hiUVs Portion of Unseen (;ior\' of tlie Children of 
(»(»d. Kvo, pp. 2:J4. Boston. Printed by Sam'l Green for 8. Philliiw. 

Willnrd, Samuel. M<tcv Ma«^nitied, or a Penitimt Prr>digal. 8vo, pp. 
im. Boston. Printed by Sam'l (ireen for S. Phillips. 

Willard, Sanniel. Sermons. Small Hvo, pp. 230. Boston. Printed by 
S. Cireen. 

Willard, Samuel. The Klirhteous Man's Death a preaape of Evil approach- 
ing. A Sermon occasioned by the Death of Major Thomas Savage 
Esq. 12mo, pj). 18. Boston. Printed by Samuel Green. 


Adams, William. God's Eye (mthc Contrite. An Election Sermon. 4to, 
pp. 41. Boston. Printed by Richard Pierce, for Samuel Bewail. 

Almanac. W. Williams (Philopatr ). Cambrid/jje. Samuel Green. 

Berault, Peter. The C-hurch of Home Evidentlv Proved lleretick. 8vo, 
pp. (M). Boston. Printed by S. (freen, for .'Fames Cowse. 

Boston KphenuTis. By Xafh. Mather (Philom.). Boston. Printed by and 
for Samuel (Jreen.' 

General Laws of the Colony of AV/r Phfuiouth in New Kngland. Fob, pp. 
75. Boston. Printecl by Samuel (Jreen. 

Kaleixlaritnn Pennsilvauieiise, Or America's .Me*<sinirer. An Almanac for 

KlSfJ, liy Samuel Atkins. Philadelpliia. l*nnte<l by Wni. Bradfi»r(l. 

Siippoj-rrl i<»lM'tln' llr-t tliiii;;iiriiiii-(l hy hliu. -Wnlldrt'n Commt nurrti/ire Ad'trtAt. 

Mannwse Wuun* (tupimuijimwi' I'p Bibluiu ihn\ Naneeswe Nukkone Tes- 

t.uneiit kali woiik Wusku T("^tamcMit. — .Ne (luoshkiunumuk naslipe 

WnitiinieMiiioh Chrisl noli a»ioo\\c>it .lolin r.ii«>i. Nahobi<H.Mi ouch**- 

toc Prinleuoomuk. — ('anil)ii«iire. Piiutcuoop iiaslipe Sjimuel (ireen, 

MiH'LXXW. Sim. Iio. 

SrcMiid <*(lilii)ii <»r KIioi'm vfT'^ioti mT th<- UUilf. Th«' Itiiprrw^ltuj tH':,'ati in Uisi). 
with ihc N«'\v Tr-.iatiicnt : iIk* <il<l w.i- not rMtiiplftcd till t>i«' itutunin of iriKT). Tlic 
rdiiidii wti" 'iiMMl. Si-r .1. .1. V /'nMtfifinf/x, Nn. »ii ; Ilijttvry nf Printi/ifj. I. 78; 
f/' f',il/>if//nin'/< .If/iirirti/i ItihlvM, \'.\ W; Mr. I.^-umx*!- I'oliution III Tht I/inforical 

Mdf/ilZihi . II. .'JOS. 

'I'll'- titlo 1-* iIm* !-aiiii- .'i^- III tlii> llr-l rditioM. wiih lh'> iidilition. aftiT thonftnicor 
tlir tt.iii->l,ii(>r. «>l till' wi»t(i- .Niiiiolitofii iMictu'iDO I'i'iiitriitHMiiuk, " hccuikI time 
nni*'M(li-(l impr«---ion."' 

Ill t\M» « opi<'«^ oiH' ill ilic I'l iiM'i- I.iMr.iry. H'l^lon. the oili'-r now in th«' Ubrury of 
Mr. ( J<'(ir_'i' Miiiilfv dorimr'y Ix'Imii.'Iiil' io tin- M.irtiiiii* of IIll^lilll^M.l — htir* Imm'U 
IoimkI :i <!<-'ii« iifioii "ti>lli<- Ili>iioiira))|i- li<>hi-rt l(<i,\l)'. K*<(i. : (tnvcrnonr, Aiifl to thu 
( ■<tiiip'in\ . lor iln' I'nipiL'itiMij «»| tin- (in^pi-l." A<' . «lat«"il. HDi^ton. Orto^HT S^i, 
1»>C). -ul)-«ril»«Mi l»y Wilii.iiii St«iii;:ht«»ii. .In-cpli iMidU-y. IN-ttr Bnlklry. and ThoiiU!! 
IIiii<kli->. Thi- i- piiiitcdoii a -iiii^U' p;i::«*. thf nMMoofji Iraf inH»*rted IwtWfrii Uie 
tiilc I'll and l)ti.'iiiiiin'_' n| |Im' trM. 

Mauiln\\(»iiip;M" r<»!iiJiiil:iiii(>onk |<'tr.| Cambn<lt:e. Printed 

Inr iIh- riirlii lloiHnililc ( 'nrpeiMiioM in LoinloM for the (tospelizin;xllie 

Iii.liii'^. ill .N.w Kni:l:m.l, t<K">. Sm. sno. pp. :m, pMl)). 3 n. n. 

Tlif -i-rniid (Million ni" Ivii.t"- \.-r-i«iii oi /'fir I'nttfir* of /*hfy. Sfi* IWiO. Mr. 
'rniiiUnili ii .1 A. s. /'/i>.;,t/fi,f/s,S>t 111 Mr. 'Ilnmi;i!* Iln•lIti^Ml^lln edition of IWT, 
ri- a -••'■'Mid «<liii'>ii. I)rit \v;i- jMolialth iiii-lrd l»y .-i fiiar;^!' of tinr 'J'rraH.yV/i* Ain^/iwy 
cripii^ in KWi; 'I'hix woik ha- hii-n iiaii'-iatiil into Frritch. CiiTinan. lliin};ariai) and 
I'oli-li. 'I"lu' TUt I'ln-li-ij rdi'joii app<'an-d in W.l'i. 

MailuT, Coitoii. All Kl<';;v on Uev. Natli'l Collins. 12mo. Boston. (?) 

Ante- Revoll-tion ART Publications. 327 

Vatlicr. Increase. Sermon tlie IStli lat monlh. 1074, on the Execution of 
t»it MurdcriTs. ISinu, p)i. 88. 2d impressiun. Boston. Printed bj 
R. P. for J. Brunniii}?. 

!Vather. Iiicrense. Call from Heaven lo the Present and Succeeding Genera- 
lions. 9ded. Boston. Prinledby Ridiurd PitrceforJ.Brunnmg. 

Vutticr. Increase. Discourse on Uie Dunger of Aposlacy. Election Ser- 
mon, May 3*J, 1677. 

A DRV iHllIJon. Set ISTW. 

her, Increase. Pra.v for tliu Rising (Jencniiion. Fnst Sermon. ISmo. 

Tttf l»tlhr«e)DniioiuhavasepanM title pigei. bat an baDud tagitlier ud pagsd 
Ifoodr, Joslius (of Bosioa). Choice Benefit of Communion with Qod In 
Ilia HouBe. Tlie Snnime of Several Sermons. ISnio, pp. lOU. Bos- 
ton. Printed by R. Pierce for Jos. Brunning. 

Tbe New EQEland Jlinnruur for 1686. By 3. D.(Pliiloniath.) Cambridge, 

"Printedby Samuel Green, Sen. Prinler to Harvard ColL A.D., 1685." 
Tlie Priiteslanl T(«iicber!) i'or CUildrcn. To which is added Verses made 

by Mr, John ItuKers a Martyr in Qukcq Mnries Reign. 2iaia. pp. 30. 

10. Boston in New England, Printed by Samuel Green, and are U> 

Lw Boid by John Griffin in Boston, 16(87)5. 

A maltlXcd copy la tha library o! Am. Ant Sue, 
Wakeman, Samuel. Conn. Election Sermon May 14. 1685, from Jer. vt, 8. 
4to, pp. 44. Boston. 


Almanac. S, D. (Pbiiomatb.) Cambridge. Printed by Saoi'l Greeu. 
Almanac. Boalon Ephemeils. By Nathaniel )Iather. Boston, Printed 

and sold by 8, Qreen, 
An Alminftc for the year of the Christian account 168T. By Daniel Leeds, 

Student in Agriculture, Printed by William Bradford, near Phila- 


n. lain Ibe Qnsker Librsrj' at London. Tfaedrgt 

Cotton, John. Oud's Promiae to Ids Plantations. 4to, pp. S4, BostoD- 

Reprintcd by S. Green, from Ihe Loudon ed. of 1634. 

gjiuon, John. Our Dying Saviour's Legacy of Peace to hia Disciples : 

also B Discourse on the two Witnesses. ]2mo, pp. 20S. Boston. 

Printed by S. Green, for John Usber. 
lliitbar, Cotton. Sermon at Boston, Mar. 7, 1685-6. Occasioned by the 

EEecntion of James Morgan. ISmo. Boston. 
Xatber, Increase. The Mystery of Christ opened and applied. 12mo, pp. 

213. B'wton. Anno 1066. 
Mather, Increase. Grealetit Sinners eshorted and encouraged to come to 

Christ DOW without delaying. 8vo, pp. 146. Boston. Printed by 

Blchard Pierce. 

'528 IIiSToiiv OF Pkintixg IX America. 

MjiIImt, frirnuv. S^-rriion orrjiMoiiiil by ili'- Kxt-ciix'um of a Man (James 
MorL'Jin; lor MupUt at lJ<»-»ion, H;h.>-<V To^rirllH-r with tli«* Conftssion, 
\/>i^^ K\|Mi-<--ioii"., itrid .Soifiiiii Wuriilnj:, ic. 8 vo, pp. 128. Boston. 
I'riiilird \ty U. I'. (Kiciianl VUiu:*:) 

Whiiinj;, .John. Th'; Way of Nrai'l'n Wi'lfarc. (.'onnwticut Election S(.t- 
mon, May 1m, HW«, Iroiii 2('hron. xv, 2. 4to, pp. 38. HohIou in New 
Kntrb^il. PiiiiK'd hy Saiiiiif^l iirvm. 

A rnpy in Couti. llifit. Httc. Lib. 

WiHanl, Siiiiiiicl. llrav«;rily Merchandize: Or Buy the Truth ami Sell it 
not. 12ino, pp. IHO. Boston. Printed lor .Joseph Brunning. 

"NViihird, Samuel. DiNeourHes on .Justitication. 12mo, pp. 174. Boston. 
Printed i)y S. (i. iiir H. PhillipH. 


A Men, .JaineH. Ne^h'et of Supporting and Maintaining]: the Pure Worship 
of (Jod. I"Vt Sermon at Ro.xbury .July 20,1(187. 4to, i)p. (1) 1«». 
Hoston. Printed tor .loliHow and Ijolin Allen, and sold by S. Green. 

Ahnanae. .John Tulley. B<»ston. S. Green. 

Ahnaita(\ Daniel Leeds. Phihid. Printed and sold by Wm. Bradford. 

Ahnanae for nW7. (No author indicated.) Cambridge. Printed by S. G. 
" ('»)lle(l«r(. I»rinter." 

Ahnana(\ Tlie New Kn<;land Aimanac. By S. D. Cambridge. 

Almanac. Tiie Caudirid^e Kphemeris. 

Kliot, .John. Catechism in the Indian Ijan^uairo. ('ambridge. (The :^1 or 
•tth ed., printed at tiu- expense ot tlu' Corporation in England.) 

Lee, Samuel. .Joy of Faith. Hvo, pp. 247. Boston. Printi'd by S. Green. 

Matlu'r. Collon. .Military Dutii's. An Artillery Election Sermon in 
Ch:»rlestown..July i:<, ItlHi;. Svo, pp. SO. Boston. Printe<l by Richard 
IMirtM' tnr .1. Ihuniiiuir. 

MailH-r, Cotlnu. Call <»f the (io>p<l a]»pli»'<l unto all men, and imto u 
CMiulrMim-'l Mal«'l';ul(»r i.Ianu*; Morirau) in particular. 12m(>, pp. 124. 
HonIoh. Printed by Uiciiard JMercc. (2d Kdiii«»n.) 

Matln'r. liurra^r. S«run»n on tin- Kxccutiou <»f .Jaiue*; MorL'^an, March 
11. lt;s;> {\. 2«1 ed. JMiiited b\ K. P. and ^old bv .J. Brunnim:. 

Mm).l\ , .io^'lma. Kxhortatitui to :i e(>nile!uned Mal<-factor. HJino. I5o«iton. 
NN itli r M.iihiT'- *^. rim 111 pii ilu- -;iiiu- cK*(a''iou. 

Prinur in flie Inili ui Lamina::!'. 

Ii hill iM'i'ii ilirt'iijli "fxt-r.-il prrviou-* rdiiiniir .it flu* fXpi^iiM* t>f the cwrjH)ratiuii in 

l'ii;;l.iuil I'i'i |)'i'i> i^.kJil.j ttu' -o-pt'i. Ac. 

Praiiiee.M Piri\ il».»iii\'M Tran^^lated inl<» the Indian LaniTuair*.. IM eil. 
r.»i«ibri«lui-. S. i irirn. 

Stodvl.nd. s 'l«»"!U'!> «»i Noniiin»p:on>. S:it«ty at the Day of .Tiniirini'ni in 
the Kiuliii oiixMi -^ot Cliri*-'. >vi», pp. ;!<io. Bo^t«tn. Prinitd b\ Saiu'l 
till < n. 

l«>s .l.»l;!i I'l;;*.* \ r».»-:.'ii. > .ru'H 1 <;!i« n. 

Al;n:i:Mv D..!V. 1 l- .-I- Wiii liradlMrd. 

.\j;;. ', X ,.^- , ■ i;{ .'; 'v ':.■ .\ r * !." i^ii •;■ i!.: l»i--. ■•;«■•■" ?--ili Pr« -> !ni t* ;i:i.J 
:■ t w . .!:.\ ■■ '.. ' ■■ .*: :. '.-• . ■." L- :.i- r.. I-V»- -J'.-. I'p. 

Lvp. -.':•'. 'J. •...• » .-. • ^ i'-. I i.i-;;; -l:.-. pp. I4»i. B.'?;«»n. Kvpr.:.:*-.! 

Ante-Revolutionary Publications. 329 

kUier. IncreuBe. Trarimony agninst sereral Profane and BuperBtUioos 
Cusioms'm Nfw Eugluud. Willi a preface. Boston. Reprinied (rom 
a LuiidoQ eiliijoa. 
lAtlier, Increuae. A NmrHtire of ihe Miseries of New EnglaiKl, By 
RpaBon of Ibe Govemmenl uf Sir Bdiuniid Andres. (Anony luous.) 
Lundim, Prmtcd. Bustun. Keprinicd by RicUard Fierc«. 
Ste Anann Traeli, ii. p. I. 
ProclumHtion of Guv. Andros, Jan. 10, 1088-0. Printed by It. P. 

le Temple of Wisdom. For tJie Little Two Paris. The First 
PhUosopliieally Divine, IreniLngof Tlie Being of all Beings. And 
wbense everylldng liatli il* 'irik'iii^il, »^^ Hi'iivi-n. HiiJI, Angela, Men 
and Devils, Earlli, tjinrs uml Kiiim nt .\iiilprirliculnrly ol all uivBle- 
I ofltr tlio Fall. 

iceming tlie Siiil 
Also tbe Treatise of tlie ton 
Sadopss, etc. To whieJi in 
and Science*. The Secor 


li tlie Causes of SpirilunI 
u- all Students in Arts 
livine, Cnnliiina, Firit. 

, _ _ of Divine Poems (rom FV. QtutHai. 

Luttty. EsG^ee niid Religious Mi'ditatlon of SIrFrances Baeon. Eniglil. 
Collected. Pnbtlsbed, and intended lor a general Good. By D. L. 
4to. Part I. pp. 136. Part u, pp. 86. Philadelphia. Printed and 
Bold by William Bradford. 

Slid u> be the tint book prlntod In FtHladelphla. Sob Biit, Mag., vol. S. No. t. p. 
173. The tl»i part lifrum-lacob Bcbm. 

lioii of Eliiil's IranBlntion of Baxter's Call to the Unconverled, first 
printed in 1(104. Cambridge. Printed by 8. O. 8vo, pp. 188. 

Almanac. John Tulley. Boston. Samuel Green, 

Appeal to the Men of New England; with iin Account of Mr. Rjiiidutph's 
Papers. 4io, pp. 10. Boston. 

John. Man's Chief End loGlorlfie God.on 1 Cor. x, 31. 8vo,pp. 
(8) leo. Boston. Printed by Sani'l Green for Richard Wilkios. 

-|>myL ....„_ 

1684. No title page,] pp. 40 (3). 
Prlnft Calaloffiit. 

m. The Declaration of tlie Gentlemen, Merchants, and Inlinbilauls 
of Boston, and the Country Adjaceni. Folio, pp. 4. Printed by 
Sainntl Green. 
AKrilwd hj BuicklTiKin to ln««>e Mstlmr. HUI. tff Matt., t. 8St. n. 
ilkley, Ueraliom. Tho Peoples Right to Election, or Alteration of Qt>- 
venimcnt in Connecticut; argued in a Leiler; wilh aLetlcrto Ger- 
sbom Bnlklej. 4tn, pp. 18. Philudelphia. Pritite'l liy assigns of 

31 Jan., 1088. 

Wm. Bradlord. 

Bumet, Gilbert. Sermon before the Hcmae of Comm 
4t<t. BoMcm. 

Ciirra, ElEctaiiel. The Charitable Saniariian. A Siti 

the French Church at Boston bv Kiuihii-l C-ut."-, IoiiihtIv .Minister of 
Rocbecbalais in Fnince, now .Minisn.T ol tlie Frt'iiili (.■.duny in Niir- 
racKDWtt. Traiisbled jntu Eiiciisii by N. WjiIht, Itn Boslou- 
Printed by Samuel Green, AilvL-riijeniLiit 1 p. D.-iliialion to Mr. 
JohD Pasire, French Merchant, Hfl'u>;i!i; in BoBiun, pp. 2 PrelMceby 
Coltoa MatlIe^, pp. 4. Sermon pp. ta. 
irter of the Province of Pennsylvania. Wm. Bradford. 

330 IIisToKV OF Printing in Ameuica. 

Copy of ilii> KinE"* Majesties Charier tnr Incufporatinic Ibe Cnmp«ny of 
llif Maasatliust'llB Bny, in Ni-w Engliiml in ' '"' "" 

Bostcm. liL'printed by 9. Green, for Benjumii 

The Declaration of tlie Rensnna and Motives for It 

Arms of their MBJestiea PmieelitDt Sutijecls ic ^ 

land. Licen6edN')v.28.1889- J.F. {Maryland). Printed by William 
Nulhead at tlie City of St. Alaries. Reprinled in London, and sold by 
Randall Tayior, 1669. Folio, pp. 8. 

pJo clue tau heen tonnd to «uy pnH in MarrlMid no eailT " thii. S« SW. of 
/VUfitV-LP. 3iO,D. B. F. SlcTcnB. afLoDdoii.Hntoverttii>llIlBil) JiD'TISn. 
The pncs ot [he met tinbauDd vu £1. 17. P.] Sow in the Ubnrj of J. Carter Brawn. 

Eliot, Rev, John. Shcpard'a Sincere Convert transiated into the Indinn 
langiinge. Sm.8vo,pp.(4)l(ll, Camhridse. Printed bySam'l Green. 
[Mr. Tiombnll uje Ihii wiu ilic lul of Kllut'B imiBlBtlnnt wblcb w^e printed In 
biB lUt lime,— J A. S.] 

Purtlier Queries on the Present Stale of the New En(;Iand Affuira. 4to. 

Keilh, George. Prealiylerian and Indcpendant Visible Churches in New 
England brought to llie Test, and found to he no true Church of 
Christ. 8vo, pp. 243. Phihidelphia. Printed hy Wni. Brndford. 

Halher. Cotton. Meditations upon the Aric hs a Type of the Church. 
Delivered in a Sermon al Boston. ISuio, Boston, Printed by tinroael 
Green, and Bold by Joseph Brunningat tlie corner of the Prison Lane. 

Hatlier, Cotton, Momomble Providences relating to Witchcrafts and Pi»- 
HMsions. tSino, pp, 75. With a Discourse on the Power and Malice 
of the Devils, pp, 21, and A Discoiirae un WitclicmH, pp, 40, also Jfo- 
laniiam and Ap|iendix, in vindication from the calumnies iif a Quaker 
at Pen'silvania [George Keith,] pp. (2) 14. Boston. Printeii by R. P. 
Sold by Joseph Brunning, 

Uather, Cotton. Suuldiers Counselled and Comfoiied, A Di»coiirse de- 
livered to tlie Forces going against the Indians. lOmo, pp. 38. Bos- 
ton. Printed by 8, Green. 

Mather, Cotton, Small ofTcrs towards the Service of the Tabernacle in the 
Wilderneas Four Discourses, etc., on Practical Goiiiineas. ISino, 
pp. 128. Boston. Printed by R, Pierce, 

Masancimsetrs. A Copy of the King's Majesl/s Charter for incorporallnf 
the Ciiropany of llie MiissHchusell^ Bny in New England in Americ*. 
4lo, pp. 36, Boalon iji New Kngiand. Prinlnd by 8. Green for Bei^. 
Harris at Uie London Coffee n<iuse, near the Town-House in Boston. 

' Mew England. The Present State of, irapnrtially considered, in a Letur 
to llie Clergy, By P, L. [i. c. John Palmer] 4lo. Boston. 

iBrit. UwKvm Cat. 
-Heft England. An Account of llie Laic Revolution in New England; in 
a LelliT from X. B. Ji\Hi-A lloslon, June «lh, lUSB. 4lo, pp. 7. 
In Libur; of J, Carlor Bruwn. and Ui AnUroi Trout: M, p. IK. 

Ante-Eetoldtionary Publications. 331 

BkchpQis of tlie Maqiias. Proposiliona respecting Murder commilled by 

Ihe Freiith Bt Btiioneclitily. 4to. Busiou. 
^Ilingbast, Purdoo. Wnter BaptiBm proved b; Scriplure lo be a great 

precept. 4io, pp. IH. fioslim. 

'mgxlMworlh. Micluiel. Meat out or the Enter, or Mcditalions Concerning 
1'Le Necessity of Afflictions. 4lb edition. Svo, pp. 208. Buslon. 
Printed bj R P. for John Uaber. 

AbridKment of the English Milium' Discipline compiled by the Late Duke 
of Monmoulb. Printed by Especial Coiiinmnd, for the use of their 
Mf^ralies Forces. Price bound two ahillings. 

AdvcnItcH] At ilii* end of Mathtr^a Conipanionfor Cbnununlcnnli, as priDted for 
»ul aold \ty Benj. BsrrlB, BoitoD. 

lUco, Jaines. Tlie Principles of the Protestant Religion Maintained, and 
the Church of New England defended against all Ibe CuluiUDies of one 
G«<>rgeKeiib,byllieMinitileri« of Boston (James Allen, JiHlinn Moody, 
BwnutI Willsrd, Cotton Mather). 8v«, pp. (10) 156. Boston. Printed 
bv Hicliard Pierce. 
Written <lt i> eappmcd), b; Cuttan Hstber. 
Ahiianftc. John Tulley. Buslon. Samuel Green. 

Care, John. Primiiive Keligioo ; Or a Dying Chrisliun's Last Legacy, in 
Words of Counsel, and EneouraBenient lo a Godly Life. By John 
CireofBpeldbursland Pemburyin Kent. 

Ad»rli»eil St rhe end of MatArr't Cempanlon for ComniiinlennU as ptluitd tor 
■ad wild by Heuj. E>rr[i, Boeiun. 

'OuT%, Ezechiel. Echanlillon De la Doctrine que les Jeauiles enseignent 
WIS Sanvages du Nouvchii .Mondt. pour les converlir, liree de leurs 
propres Hanuscrils ironves ces Jours passes en Albanie proclie de 
Nieujorke. (With a Predci- in Kreruli br ibe Rev. Dr. Coiioii MuMicr.) 
luipitme par 8amuel Green, 4to, pp. (^) 12, Boston. 

'ZMaswseive tVom the folly and sin of Ornnkenneas, by way of Answer lo 
two questions, vIe. 1. What it Is. 2. What may lie said s^aiost it. 

AdTcrllHd HI ibo end ol ItatAer'i COMpantoH for lS>»»niniicaH(», li printed for, 
ind told bj Ben]. Hsrrin, Boiiun 

— NcHniiin. Cambridge. Printed by 

dlh, George. Pretended Antidote Proved Poison ; Or llie true Princi- 
ples of the Christian RellGcion Delendud. And Ibe Four Connierliit 
Derenders thereof Delected, in their Answer to the Presbjl'Tiiiii, Ac. 
Willi an Appendix by John Delaviill on a Discotirse of Gorton Malber's, 
Bvo, pp. (2) 234. Philadelphia. Printed by William Bradionl. 

elth, Oenrse. The Christian Quaker-, or Ui^urge Keith's Eyee opened. 
Oood News from PennsllvanTa. Containiug a Testimonv against that 
&lse and alisurd npinion which some bold. vix. That all true Believ- 
ers knd Sainie iimnediately aller the Bodily Death attain to all Ihe 
Hemrrcclion ihcy (utpcci, and enter into ibe fullest Enjoyment of 
Hupplnega, and alan, that the wlcketl immediately after Death are 
nmed up to receive all the Punishment they are to exjiect, Tu^llier 
with aBcripluralAccounlof the Last coming and Appearance without 
BB. Also where and what those Heavens are i.^o which the Man 
Christ la gouf and entered iulo. By George Keith. 4lo, pp. 13. 
PeasUvimlu Printed, London reprinted, IGUtl. 


HisTOHT OF Printing in America. 


Ketih, Oeorge- R«ftilnlion oftht^ Throe Oppoaern of Tralh liy pl«in EtI- 
dence i>F Ibe Holy Seriplures, vie. 1. Of Pardim Tilllnglmsl, who 
pli-aili'lh for waler Bnpiistii, il» Iming a Gospel Precept, iiud Ojipos- 
elh ChHsC wllliin ns u liilse Christ. To wliicli la nildeil soinp-ttiiiii: 
conf* riling the Splril, &<-■. II. ofB. KeetL In hi* BookCBllnl k TufK 
for Uliildren, whore he diapiileth ugaiiiat the siifflciuucy ol tin I ii'iit 
williin, in order lo SHlviilion ; and callclli Clirisl in the Hrnri ;. lul-^f 
Christ in liie secret Chnnilier, \\l. <•( Cmrnn Mather, wW in i"' 
Aiipcndii lo his Book cnllivl Mirm.riilili- I'rtividcucea relating lo 
Wilchcmtt, &i-,, dolh bo winkiv .|i i- ml !.i- Fmlier Incritase MfttUer 
from being juailv chargtiililr »iih ■ii.i;."ui^ ri,,. [hiiu-bi people cnUod 
Quakers, that he doth the moH- i:i\ •n-ni In- i'\iilnT-B Niikednesa; and 
liesidis the Abuses andlnjiines thai liis Fullior liad uasi uiion Ihat 
People, C. Maiherihe son uddeih New abuses ()f hie own. Aiid n few 
words of a LelU<r to John Collon, culled a ininlsler al PlTHionih in 
New England. Jto, pp. 74. Philadelphia. Printed and suld by Win. 

Keith, George, Trulli and Inniicenpy Defended againil Calumny and 
Defamation, in a Inle Report Ijpread ahriiad coiiCL-niing Ihe Hevolotton 
ofHunmne Souls, with a further clenriug of the Tnilh, % n plaiu Elpli* 
cation of my Sense, &c. 4In, pp. 20. 

S„ Imprint, Iml dDubileea prlnuil hj Wni. Bndrord In Hlillndelphik Blunt 

Lee, Samuel (of Bristol). Con teni plat ions on Morlalily. Svo, pp. 100. 
Boatoo. Itepriuled by B. Green and J. Alli-ii lor &, Phillips, from 
London Ed. 

Uuther, OoHon. Addresses lo Old Mpn and Young Men and LiiileChlM- 

ren ; and his Spirilual Catwliiam. 8vo, pp, 134. Boston. Printed liy 

a Plertw fiir Nifhidn^ BiiUi)l|,h, 
Mather, Cotton. A fi-rnhiin ■!■ iii i ■ i iinicanis. Discourses upon tbo 

Nature, Iho Desi^"i ■ ~ ■ ■ : ■>'' ihc Lord's Bupp«r. Bto, pp. 

1«7- Biwton. I'rii , I. for Benjamin Harris. 

Mather. Cotton. KurU l'i< i. M. Li.;'liM><t in Uie LIfb and Detith ufNa- 

Ihanii-i Mather, nll'h si'vi'tiiI Di'iomst'son walking with God. IStna.- J 

Boston. Reprinted fVom London E<i. of ISSU. 
Mather. Colton, Present Stale of New England should it be invaded b 

the French and Indians. Boston Loclure. 16nio, pp. f" "— — 

Printed liy S. Green. 
Malhcr, Cotton. Speedy Rcpentimce urged. A Sermon Preached alBosloi 

Dec. 2U, 1(W9. In the Hearing, and al the Request of one Hugh Sior' 

under II jiisl sciiti'iHO nC Death for a TrnKicn! and Horrihle y " 

Wiih Tiir ,ii, M. !i, .iji.'.. r'vovidenci-srrklmglr— "■■■"''•— "' 

Mathei, <'<<i: < ' I . . ■--:.. 

le other Murduil 

iIjU- Man. A Discourse made unto I 

Gcnri;il 1 ■... A i .Tsarv Election. 16nio,pp.fi4. 

Prindil !)_v ^.iini.ii i..n,ii I'lr J. Brunning. 

Mather. Coltoii. The Principlesuf the Proleatanl Itcligion mainiained, A&-9 

Hcu Allun J*in«, Um^ly JubIiiw. ind WllJird 9amn«l. M 

Uatber, Coilon. The Wonderful Works of Ood Commemoratt-d. iM 
Thanksgiving Sermon. Dec. 10. loaw. 18nio, pp. 64 Bneion. PtiDltT 
hy S Urecn and sold by Joseph Bruiming and BoiOamin Harris. 

K [«'■ i«|ire*cDUlloii of ■ partlon of the 1 

in lUglnu 


UMber. Cotlon. The Way to Pros|)criiy. A Sermon prendied to Ibe I] 

Conviujllon of the l/ovemor. CouncJl, Ac, May 28, 1089. (H 
niipi'iidii touching Prodigies in New Engliiiid.) IHmo. pp. tT) 41, 
Boston. Printedl)y R. Hercc for Joseph Brunuiug, Obadiah UiU,ai 
James Woode. 

ANTE-REVOLUTiONAiir Pdblications. 333 

(Koody, Jnshua. Tbe PrincipleaoriheProteBianl Religion niftintnined, Ac. 

~ UlcD Jinica. WllUrd SaiDiml, and Mslhcr Cullan. 
r England. A VmilicntUm of, Comnin'mg the Firsl PeliUoa of the 
BoetoQ Epiitcnpa linns. iUi, pp. 27. 

A««ihnd Id Incrciag Uilbcr. Androt TracU. II. p. V>. Ths dMels anurUlD. 

» StUty-i Ban. QraJ.. L p- «li. 
.Peraeculura of Qiinkers insuled with ihelr own WoaponB. Phlladelphfa. 

4To, pp. S3. 

'Fabliflk OcFurrences, Forctgn and Domestic. BostoD. Ttiiirsd&f 
tkpL 3.1th. lUSO. Printed on the first three sides of a fuldeil slx-et, 
two cnlamniitott page, each page 7 X U in. Boston. Printed by 
R. Pierce for BunJHmin Urtrrie, Hi tha London Co Ifee- House. 

Tbl« hM b*ffii ■liled tbi in\, nnwipapor In Americ* The tnily mpj known 1i ta 
thrCalDiii*ISUil<!Piipi-roincu. London, vharell vnu dlicovcrod bj Rd<. J. B.PdII. 
FunrdxyssrierlU publlcnllrm H wns callHl ■ pimpblet bf ths govBrnmant, who 
tmnirdlati^lr nirlwdo ■nrlbiDS 1" bf pnnlcd vtlihunt a IIcbm. A vsftuUm cDpr 
WM oominuDicnii-d by Or. S,\, Green to Ibe tfUI. Mag., vol. i, p. Sis. 

Btondfaai, R, A Lilili' iriindfiil of Cordinl Comforts for Falnilog Soiila: 
iniendt.'d cliielly fur ilic trood nf those tlint walk Minirnflilly willi and. 

AdTPTilfiMl 11 ihfKaAot Xiilfifr't Companion /or OOnimimieaitU uprlaiei fDrind 
WHIard. SftmuBl. Tlic principles of the Protestant Religion inainlftiDed. 

Llmanac John Tiilley. Boston. Printed by S. 4 B. Green for Nlcbu- 

lae Butolph. 

lanftc. Ilcnry Newman. " News from the SlarB." Boston, 
ndrofi, Sir Edmund. Narrutlvcofthe Proccedia>c>of By Sereral Oen- 

ticmen of his Council. 4to, pp. 15. Boston. (?) 
OBridemUoDson IJie Bills of Credit now passing In New England. 12mo, 

pp. 24. Biistnn, Printed by Benj. ritirria and John Allen. 

er. Cotton. Good Souldiers a Great Blessing, Artillery Election 
krmon. ISuio, pp. 2S. Boston. 
Xallier, Cotton. Late Memorable Providences relating to Witchcrafts and 
Posscssirins, clearly manifesting not only ttint there are Witolies. but 
tLsI Goo<l Men (as well as others) may possibly have Ibeir Lives 
ahortened by such evil Instruments of Satan. Recommended by the 
mliiisiere of Boston and Cbarlestowu, and by the Rev. Richard Baxter 
oTLondon. Svo, pp. 151). Bc«ton. 
Jior, CollOD. A Midnight Cry. ISmn, pp. 72. Boston. 
Jier, Cotton. Little Fiock.^ p;uarded against grievous Wolves; or a Dis- 
play of Quakerism iLgninsl George Ki^ lb, Ac, ISmo.pp, t13, Boston. 
JbUtaer, Cotton. The Old Mao's Honour; or, theHoary Uead found in the 

way of Kigbteousnesa. Ilimo. Boston. 
Uallicr, Cotton. Oniainenls for the Daughters of Zinn, or the Character 
md Happiness of a Virluous Woman, Braall 8vo, pp. 150. Boston. 
Prinl«d by 8, Green. 
not mn ■! Jnot Bre flduton* o( tbla. Tbe 8th wm In IMl , 

Jbther, Cotton, Tbe Trmmplis of llie Reformed Relidon in America. 
The Life of the Renowned Jr>bn Eliot. Hvo, pp. (6) 153. Bostun. 
Printed by Bcnj. Harris and J. Allen for J. Brunuing. 
11] 4-J 

336 History of Printing in America. 

Moody, Joslina. People ot New Eu^IuikI Reasnneil willi. Eleclia 
mon, May 4, 11102. 

Quakers. The Chrislian Fnilli of Ihe People of Ood called in Scnrn ^ 
Quakers, in Kliocle Istaod, vindicaieil Troni liie calumnies of ClirUiinn 
Lo^DWick, as also from the base forj^iniea tind wicked Slandere uf 
Cotton Miilher. 4to. pp. 18. Philadelphia. Printed and sold by 
William Brnilford. 

signed chiefly bf Rhode lelind Qnnkcrs. Library of J. Ciitcr Brown. 

Russel, Admiral E. Letter to ihe Earl of Nouingliam ; CoDiaining a 
exact and parlicular Relsiion of the lale huppy Victory and SucceMi 
against the French Fleet. Fo1.,I slieel, pp. 4. Boston. Printed and' 
sold by B. Harris. 

Hlrr. Coll. Lib. 
Willard, Samuel. Some Miscellany Observations on our Present DcbulCfl 
respecting Witchcrafts. 4io, pp. 16. Philndelpliiu. 

Acts and Laws passed by ihe Great General Court, or Assembly of thrir- 

MsicstieB Province of Massaciiusetls Bay in New England. Fol.,pp. 

Almanac by Jolin Tnlley. Boston. Benjamin Harris. 
BoBwnrtli. Bcnlamin. Sij^B of Aposlocy Lamented. [A Poem, sisaed 

Benjamin Bosworth, of New Eriglanct.] In the 8lBt Year of my Ag^ 

1093. 12mo, pp. 4. (Amidcn?) 

Bradfiird, William. Tn'als of William Bradford, George Keith, Ttaomaf 
Badd, and oliiers. Seceders from lhi> Quakers in Philadelplija. in 1699, 
before ii Court of Quakers. At the Serious held at Philadelphia 
cember 1G83. 4to, pp. 38, 

No Imprlnl, but flTitlen by WllMiDi Bradford, and probsbtr prjaled bf falm hi, 

Cumpbell or Cambell, Duncan. The Library of the Itev. Samuel htai 
Boston. Duncan Camhell, 16«a. 4io, pp. (3) 16. 

Prtttix Caiahgat. 
Confessliin of Faith (A) In the Most Necessary Things nf Ciirislian Doctilne, ' 

Faith and Pj-aciice. Aecoi'ding to the Testimony of Holy ScripVi. 

ure. Given forth from Iho Yearly Meeting at Burlinglon Uie Tlli of 

7lh Jlonth. 1692, by the despised Christian People, called Quakers. 

ISmo, pp. 21. Philadelphia. Printed and sold by William Bradford. 
Doolittlc. Thomas. Earthquakes Explained and Practically Improved. 

12mo. Boston. Reprinted by Benjamin Harris, and are to be sold at 

bis Shop over against the Old Meeting House. 

Fee Table. See Laws and Acts of New York 1604. 

Hereaie and Hatred charged upon the Innocent returned to the Qullty.J 

By John Delaval & Geo. Keith. 4lo. Philadelphiii, ^ 

Jennings. Samuel, Tlie Stale of the Case (Dispute among the Quakers). 1 

Philadelphia. * 

Tllla wu ■niwersd b; Geo. Keltb In vm. ho IwlDg Ihea in Su|;1*nd, 
Judgment of Several Eminent Divines of the Congregaljonal Way. w>ii*-1 
cerning a Pastor'? Power occashmally to ejiert Minislerial Ads in I 
another Church besides thai which is his own pailicuiar Flock. Itimo, J 
pp. 13. Boston, (y By 1, Mather.] 

aiWe/i Ban. and, \, <U. 

Ante-Retolutionart Publications. 3"j7 

KtJtb, George. Answer to his Libel asniiist n CHtecbiam published by 
Fmncis Miikeiiile. l^mu, pp. 113. Boston. Prinied by B. HarriB. 

CFeiCb, George. CbaileDKC l<> Caleb Piisty, and n Cbeck to liis Lf !« and 
Forgpriea, &c. With a PoBtBcripl by DHiilet Leeds. 4to, pji. 4. 

No ImprlDt. Printed br Wm. Bradrurd. onqaeationAblr. at Mow York. The 
Hai« tills Ib EDtrrHl In Mr. Thutnu'i US. ouder ibe ]>can IflOa and ISM. 

Ke]tb, George. The Judgment given by Twenty-eight Qnaltere against 
Oeorgv Keith and his Friends; with Answers to the said Judgment, 
Declaring those Twenty eight Quakers to be no Christians; as also 
an Appeal (Air wliich several were imptlBOned, &a.) by the snjd George 
Kdth, &c. to tlie TeHriv Meeting Sept. 16B3 With a riili Account 
of the said Yearly Meeting. Signed by 70 Quakers. 4tO, pp. 34. 
Printed in Peosilvania. 

LftwsQn, DiwIbI (of Balem Yilkge). Christ's Fiilelitr Ibe only Sliield 
against Satan's Malignity. A Sermon Mar. S4, 1^92. Being a time 
of Puhliek EnaminaiinD of some ensnected of WitcbcraR. Bvo, pp. 
(16) 78. Prinied by B, Harris for N. Buiiolph. 

Lawsoa, Deodnt. Duty &c. o( a Religjous Householder. Small 8to. 
Boston. Printed by B. Gruen for 8. Phillips. 

Halher, Cotton. The Day iinil tlic Work of the Day. Fast Sermon, July 
6th, IdflS. 13mo, pp. 71. Boston. Printed by B. Harris. 

Hather, Cotton, Solemn Admonition to all People. Itlmo. Boston. 

Vatber, Cotton. Unum Necessnrium. Awakenings for llie Unregenerate. 
8yo, pp. (6) 184. Boston. Prinied by B. H. for Duncan Campbell. 

Sather, Cotton. Warning from the Dead. Two Sermons on some Un- 
happy Malefactors. I3mo, pp. 76. Boston. Prinied by Bartholomew 

Vatber, Cotton. Winter Meditations. With a Preface by John Iliggin- 

-on. 8vo, pp. (18) 82. Boston. Prinied by B. Hnrria. 
Uatber. Cotton. Wonderful Works of God Commemorated, &c. 2d edi- 
tor. Boston. 


Ualber, Cotton. Tht Wondtrt of the Jnruiblf World. OiiserTalionH as 
well Historical as TlieoUigical upon tlie Nature, the Number, and the 
Operations of the Devils. Accompanied with L Some Accounts of 
th« Grievous Molestullons, by Dtenions and WiiehcratU, and the 
Trials of MiilelHCtors E.teculed upon occasion thereof H. Some 
Counsils DirL'cling a due Improvement of the terrible things lately 
done bv the Evil Sjilrils. lit. Conjec^titn^ upon the great Events 
likely to befail the Worid, and New England in Particular. IV. A 
Namitlve of alaleOuirage committed by aKnot of Witches in Swede- 
laad. V. The Devii Discovered. A Dixconrae upon Temptations. 
8vo, pp. (32) 1151, (1) a2, [24], Boston. Printed by Benjamin Harris. 

Hather, Increase. Cases of Conscience ciincernlog Evil Spirits Personal- 
'iw Men. &vo, pp, (8) 67, T. Boston. Printed by R Harris. 

Mather, Increase. The Great Blessings of Primitive Counsellors. Election 
lermoD. 4tu, pp. il2. Boston. 

.Morton, Charles. Spirit of Mao. 8vo, pp. 100. Boston. Printed by 
Beij. Hsrri.H. 

', New England's Spirit of Persecullon transmitted to Pennsylvania, and the 
Pretended l^unker foniid persecuting the True Christian Quaker, m 
the Trynl of Peter Bobs, Gl-or^'e Keiih, Th.muis Budd, and William 
Bradford, llie Olb, 101 li, and 13lh days of Dec, 1033. 4lo, pp. as. 

338 History of Printing in America. 

New York. Lnws of the Colony of Now York. Printed and sold by 
William Bnullord. 
See lR*t. Mag.^ iii, 174. 

Proclamation of Governor Fletcher of New York, June 8, 1603, Buthoriz- 

ing the collection of money throuf^hoiit the Provinces, to mitigate the 

SufferingM of Prisoners, to redeem from Slavery men who had lR*en 

taken captive and sold into b(>nda<i;e in Salee. Printed by William 

Bradford, Printer to King William antl Que^in Mary, at the City of 

New York, Anno, \mx 

Tbc flrrtt i4Hao of Bradrorcru prefl!» in New York. WaUace^n Commemorative Ad- 
dresM^ p. 66. 

*' Proclainaticm by His Excellency Benjamin Fletcher, Captain General and 

Governor in chief* of their Majesties' Provinces of New York, Pennsil- 

vania, New ('aslle, etc. Au«r. 25, UWVA. Printed and sold by William 

Bnidford, Printer to their Majesties King William and Queen Mary, 

at the city of New York, l«»a." 

Warniiii? tlio inhabitantH to arm aj;atn*it the French. Supposed to be the second 
thini; printed in Nuw York. A copy in la the N. Y. SUto Lib. Bee WaUaee't Von^- 
meriioratire Address . 

Rules for the Society of Negroes. Single sheet. 

Some Reasons and Causes for the Late Separation come to pass in Phlla- 
delpliia. 4to. Phil. 

Stevens, Joseph (of Charle-stown, Mass.). Another and better Country, 
even an Heavenly. 12mo, pp. 120. Boston. Printed by B. Harris. 

Willard, Sa.nuel. Doctrine of the Covenant of Redemption. IGmo, pp. 
165. Boston. Printed by Benj. Harris. 

Willard, Samuel. Rules for I)is<'erning the ]*rescnt Times. A Sermon, 
bvo, [>p. U2. Boston. Printed by Benj. Harris. 


Aliniinac. Philo-Matii. Boston. B. Grren for S. Phillips. 

Almanac. ,lohn Tullry. Boston. 

CcmncH'ticiit. Some S('jist)iiable' (\)nsid«T:itiotis for the (iotnl People of. 

About p|). 50. New York. Printed by William Bradford. 

A-^TibtuI io(f('rKh(>m Bulkloy. Not extant ho far as known, H*:ii ("olonial lifcords 
f(f Omn., ir>rt»-17(»«, pp. 111. 

Connecticut vindiirated from the Abuses of a pamphlet entituled "Some 
Sea.»*oiiabl(' (-onsiilerations for the (Jood Peo[)l(^ of ConiU'Cticut." By 
an Answer thereto. 4to, pp. l:>. Bohton. Printed by Bartholomew 
KoprinU'd in Collci'tionit of (.'onn. IlUf. Soc., vol. i. 

Keith, (f(M>r«;e. Trutli advancreMl in the Correction of many gross and 
hurtful Errors. (No place or name.) 4to, pp. 1H4. 

Keitii, (Jeori^e. A (.•hrouoIo«ricaI Account of the Sevenil Ag<« of the 
World from Adam toC.'hrist, and from thence to the end of the World. 
(No placte or name.) 4t(), pp. '&^. 

Makeinii;, Francis. An Answer to (Jeorge Keith's Libel Sj^ainst a Cate- 
chism by Francis Makeniie. Ad<led a Narrative of a late Ditierence 
anionic the (Quakers. Boston. Printed by Benjamin Harris. 

All adiircsf to the " ('liri>'tian Ki'jidur'' i» i^igned by I. Mather, Ja«. Alien, SamU 
Willanl, .lohn IJuiU.-y, C. .MathiT. 

Massaciiu.setis. A<'is and Laws of the General Court May 1694 

Mather, Cotton. Karly Keli<<ion urged. Timo^pp. 120. Boston. Printed 
bv B. 11. for Michael Perry. 

Ante-Eevoldtionary Publications. 339 

Hather. Cotton. Fair Weather. Or Considerations to Dispel the Clouds 
and Allay the Stormaof Discontent, lllrao.pp. 82. Printed by Bar- 
tholomew Green and John Allen for Nicholas Buttolph ntthe comer 
of Qutlerldge's Coffee Uoase. 
AUetlllloD. HMiam, 

Halber, Cotton. The Short History of New England. A Recapitulation 
of Wonderful Passages, which have occun-ed in the Proteetions and 
Afflictions of N. E. 12nio, pp. 67. Boston. Printed by B. Green for 
S. Phltlips. 

3Cayhew, Hathew. Brief Narralive of llie Success which the Gospel hatb 
bad amonc tbe Indians of Martha's Vineyanl (and thu Plains adja- 
cent), in New England, with some Remarkable Curiosities concemiug 
the Numbers, the CiMtoms. and Oie Prcsenl Circumstances of the 
Indians in that Island. Whereunio is added the present 8ta[«' of 
Christianity among the Indians in other Partfi of New England. 
Expressed in the Letti^rs of several Persons best acquainted there- 
witbnl. 12mu, pp. 60. Boston. Printed by Bartholomew Green 
and J, Allen, for Michael Perry. 

Hew York, " The Laws and Acts of General Assembly for their Majes- 
ties' Province of New York, as Ihey were enacted in divers Seasiona ; 
tbe firstof which began April IheOthAnuo Domini, 1681." Fol., pp. 
84. "At New York. Printed and sold by William Bradford, Printer 
to their Majesties King WUllam and Queen Mary, 1094." 

iDclDdwl In Ibis vnlnme i« I ■' CnUIcwiiv of Fens eBUbllehed by tba OovemDrmnd 
Council." which hn. Ihc folluwiog Juiprinr, " Hrlntwl -md sold bi William Brad- 
ford PnmeT to their UijiwIiiM Kins WiJIlim and ^aecn Miry, at t£e fllble in Naw 
York, IGSS." A cnpj ai ihe Stale paper olBte, Alhuiy. 

Quakers. Judgment given by 38 Quakers against G. Keith and his 
Friends. With Answers to tbe Judgment. 4to. PenDsylvania. 
la the Brltieb Muieom Library. See KtltA. Otorgi. lass. 
Bcottow, Joshua, Narrative of the Planting of tlie Hassachusetis Colony 
Anno 1829, With the Lord's Sicnal Preaonce the First Thirty Years, 
also a Caution from New England's Apostle, the Great Cotton, bow 
to Escape tbe (.alamlty which might befall them or their Posterity, 
sod conHnned by tbe Evangelist Norton; wilh Pnigpostlcks ■from 
the FamoMB Dr. Owen, concerning tbe Fate of iliese Chnrches ; and 
Animadversions upon the Anger of God. In sending of Evil Angels 
among us. Published by Old Planters, The Aulliors of the Old Men's 
Tears. 9to, pp. 70. Bold by Benjamin Harris. 
Willard, Samuel. The Character of a Good Ruler. Election Sermon 
I Mi.y 30th, 1064. 8vo, pp. (0} 31. Boston. 

li"Willard, Samuel. Reformation the Great Duly of an Afflicted People. 
■ PastSemionalBoston.Aug. 23,ieSll. Sro.pp. 76. Boston. Printed 

By Bartholomew Green, 
■VOlard, Samuel. The Law e^tablislied by the Gospel. A Sermon at 
Boston, SepL 30, 10Q4. lOmo, pp. 80. Boston. 

Almanac John Tulley. Boston. Printed for B. Harris. 
Almanac Idtreasc Oatchcll, wt. 16. 
m Almanac C. Loilowick. Pijysician. Boston. 

rjlather, Collon. Durable Ric lies. Two Discourses on rheTnie Cause of 
Losing and the True Way of Thriving, etc. lamo. pp. 73. Boston. 
Printed by John Allen, lor Vavasour Harris. 

340 History of Printing in America. 

Mather, Cotton. Ilelp for distressod Parents. Sermon at Lecture. Bos- 
ton, Dec. 14, 1094. lOnio, pp. 62. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Piscator Evangel icus, or the Life of Mr. Thomas Hooker, 
the Renowned Pastor of Hartford Church, and Pillar of Connecticut 
Colony. lOnio. Boston. Printed for Michael Perr}'. 

Mather, Cotton. Mcmoria Wilson iana. Life of John Wilson. 12mo, 
pp. 4(5. Boston. 
The rtnme m in Johannes in Krtmo. 

Mather, Cotton. Observanda. Or the Life of the late Queen Mary; and 
H Discourse on the wheels of Divine Providence. 8vo, pp. 56. 

Mather, Cotton. Joliannes in Erenio. Memoirs of John Cotton, John 
Norton, John Wilson, John Davenport, and Thomas Hooker, with a 
Preface by Dr. Increase Mather. 12mo, pp. (82), 80, 39, 40, 80, 45. 
Boston. I'rinted for Micliael Perry. 

Mather, Incrrease. Solemn Advicie to Young Men not to Walk in the 
Waves of their Heart. lOmo. Boston. 

Mather, Increase. Answer of Several Ministers to that Case of Conscience 

Wlietlier it is lawful for a Man to Marry his Wife's own Sister. 12mo, 

pp. 8. Boston. Printed by Bartholomew (ilreen. 

The ttiiHwer In hI^ihu! by IncrcnHo Mather, Charlcn Morton, JameA Allen, Samoel 
Willanl, Junic'rt Shonuau, John Dauforth, Cotton Mather, Nvhumiah Walter. 

New York. Acts of the Assembh', 5th Assemb. 1st Sess. Fol. N. Y. 

Shepard, Thomas. The Parable of the Ten Vir«jins Opened and Ap- 

pli<Ml. Being the substance of divers Sermons on Matth. xxv, 1-13, 

etc. Folio. 

Reprinted, ami carerullv corrected in tlie ye^r 1695. No place. [FIn«t printed In 
Lon<l(>n in KMiO.J 

Torrev, Sannu'l. Man's F^xtreniity (tod's Opportunity. Election Ser- 
mon Kill."). Khno, pp. GO. Boston. Prinle(l by B. (ireen for Michael 


Almanuc. John Tulley. Boston. Printed by B. Green and J. Allen for 
John Usher. 

Keith, (J('ori::e. Challenire to Caleb Pu.^ry, &iv. 
Sfo njn:i. 

Ii<'tt<T of .\dvi('e to a Younir (Jcntlcman b'avinir the University concern- 

iui^ his Hrhavionr and Conversation in the Worhl. Bv U. L. 24mo, 

pp. 4.~». N«\v York. Printrd and sold l»y W. Bradford. 

Tliif* lift- hrrii ri'jrardi'd n» th«' «'Hrli«'-t hoijk prmtt'd Iti N«*w York after the L«w^ 
printed in l«i«il: mihI tl»«* niitln>r i^ ^up|)^»^<*d to hv Itidiard L>t»n, \vlu» an^i-ted l*r<*- 
Hiili-nt Diiiftrr in ^•vi^inu' and extJiidiiij: iIh- New Kn;;!and vc•r^ion of the pHalm»», 
coninionly i-.'iUed tlu' Ihtij Ptoiltn liiMtk. 

Massaeliusctts. Aris and Laws of (Jen. Court of Mass. Bay, May to Nov. 
IStii. Fol. Boslon. 

Massachn-'ctts ; or the first IMaiitrrsof Xtw Kiiirland : the End and Man- 
ner of their ('oniini: thiih<r. and abode tli«rein. In 8<;veral Epistles. 
KImo. pp. T){\. Bo«iton. Printed by IV <Ireen. 
Kor coinnit-, A:r. Sit Yountfn ( /ironir/yM n/ Muf^^.. p. ."MO, n. 

Mather. Cott<»n. A (lood Master well Served. Discourse on the Proper- 
ties and I*ra<tiees of a (J<»od Servant. TJino. pp. 5."). Boston. 

Mather. Cotton. IMetas in Patriaiu: or the Life of Sir William Phipps 
{{U)\. of Mass ). Boston. (•') 

Ante-Revoldtionarv Pl'dlications. 341 

Jsmes II (King). UU Letter lo tlie Pope; with A niniiid versions ou the 
-lUiG, &c. 8vo, pp. 15. B<>si(>n. 

Jliillier, Cotton. A Ciy against Opprciit^liiD. 8vo, |ip. 30. Bosliin. 
Hulhor, CntUin. Great Examples nf Jiidgmenl and Mercy. Iti^ltiUug 10 

llic SiitTerinEB of Captirra among the Indiaas. 
Hatlier, Cotton. Tbe CUristian Tliank OfTuring, A TlianksKiTing Scr- 
lon. IBmo. pp. 33. Boston. Printed by B. Grwsu and J. Allen. 

Prebend br B PaniphnH of the Iu3d Paalm ia Vc»e, b; V. Hither. 
JKather, Cotton. Tilings for a Diatren^ed People tuUiiok upon. ElMition 
Sermon. lOmo. Boston. 

her, Incroaac. Angelographla. A DLseourHC Concerning the Nature 
aod Power of tlie Holy Angels. 13mo, pp. (10) 133. Boston. 


Hew York. Aetaof New Turk AaBembIy4thA.sseinb.2dSesa. Fol. N.Y. 
Beprinl of a London Oawtte, c<)ntalning an account of an engagement 

with tlie Frcucli. New York, IflM. 
Thacher, P. Artillery Election Sermon. 8vo, pp. 40. BobIOd. 

Valter, Neliemiab. Unfruitful Hearers detected and, warned. 8to, pp. 

"7. BosUtn. 


Advice for Drnnfcanin. In two Exiiniplcs. 8vo, pp. U, Bosioji. 

mac John Tulley. Bosli>n. B. Green and J. Allen. 
Almanac. (New York), By J. Clupp. N. York. 

Tb> am New York AlmaoK. 
Danfonb, John. Kneeling lo God, at jjarling with Frieuds! (With a 

poem to the Memory of John Eliol). Iflmo, pp. Ti. Buaton. 
E[ntome of English Orthography. 8vo, pp. 39. Uodtun. 

W. J., Esq. Hemrnibranee of former Tiraea for thin Genemiion. 8vo, 
pp. 32. Boatiin. 

I«cdi, Daniel. News of a Tnimpel Sounding in The Wildcnnv?a ; or the 

annkt^rs Antk nt Testimony Revived, Examined, and ConipareiJ with 
eir New Doctrine. Whereby the Ignorant mav leiim Wisdom, and 
the Wise advance in Understanding, pp. lai. New York. Printed 
and sold by William Bradford. 
ilher. Cotton. Humiliations followed with DelivBr»nces. With an 
Appoidtx i-ontalninK a Narrative of Wonderful Passages nOating to 
the Captivity and Deliverance of Ilunnah Swnrton. 8vo, pp. 73. 
ttbcr. Cotton. Ecclcslastes, or thcLifoof Mr. Jonathan Mitchell. 8vo, 
pp. Ua. Boston, Printeil hy B. Green and J. Allun. 
KaUi^r, Cotton. The Way lu excel Meditiitions awakened hy the 

Death of Rev. Jonbua MoiMly. Ifimo, pp. 33. Boston. 
Ualber, Cotton. Faith and Work ; a Brii'f luid Plain EAsay upon Goiid 
Works, by which the Faith of ii (;hri3tlii[i is to he evidence<l. ISmo, 
pp. 33. Boston. PrinWd by B. Green and J. Allen. 
Vkther, Collon. TerrihiliH Dei. 8vo. B.J8tiin. Printed by B. Green. 
11] 43 

342 History of Printing in America. 

Matlicr, Cotton. GoRpel for the Poor. 

Mather, Cotton. Remarkable Judgment!* of God. In two Sermons. 8vo, 
pp. 55. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. The Songs of the Redeemed. A Book of Hymns. 

Mather, Increase. A Case of Consc'ience concerning Eatinc: of Blood, 
considered and answered. 12mo, pp. 8. Boston. Pruited by B. 
Green and J. Allen. 

Mather, Incri'ase. Discourse concerning the Uncertainty of the Times of 
Men. Preached at C'ambridge I)(?c. 6, HiOO on occasion of the Sudden 
Death of Two Scholars belonging tollarvanl College. 12mOj pp.40. 
Boston. Print^ul by B. Green and J. Allen for Samuel Pliillips. 

Mather, Samuel, of Windsor, Conn. A Dead Faith Anatomized. 12mo, 
pp. 108. Boston. Printi'tl by Bartholomew Green and J. Allen. 

Maule, Thomas. New England Persecutors mauled with their own Wea- 
pons ; giving some Account of the bhMxly laws made at Boston a^iinst 
the Kings Subjects that disnented from their way of Worship. With 
an Ac('ountof th<5 Imprisonment and Trj'al of Mr. Thomas Maule of 
Salem, pp. (iv) 62. 

Moody, Joshua. Sermon on the Death of Capt. Thomas Daniel, Esq. 
limo, pp. 82. Bo.ston. B. Green and J. Allen. 

New York. Acts of Assembly of New York 5th Assemb. 4th Sess. F«l. 

N. Y. 
Remembnince of Fomier Tinu's for thi.** Generation. 12mo, pp. 32. 

Bost(m. Printed by B. (in^Mi and J. Allen for Duncan CamplH.*ll. 

Saltonstall, Gurdcm. Eh}cti<m Sermon preached before the General As- 
sembly of the (.'olony of Conne<?ticut, May 13, 1697. 8m. 8vo, pp. 
80. Bostcm. Printed by B. Green and J. Allen. 

Sewall, Samuel (of Boston). Pluenomena Qua'dam A|K)calyptica ad As- 
]K*ctum Novi orbis conligunita. Or some few Lmes towards a de- 
scription of the New Heaven as it njakcs to those who stand uiwm 
the new Earth. 4to, pp. JM). B«>ston. 

Shepard, Tliomus. Two QucHtion.H, Siv. Judiciously Answei*c;d. 8vo, pp. 
15. Boston. 

Thoughts of a Dying Man. A Faithful Keport of Matters utten-d by 
many in the last niinuti? of tiicir lives, and a Solenm Warning unto 
all cVc. Kiino, pp. 47. Bost«)U in N. E. 

Almanac. JolniTulley. Boston. Printed by B. (ireen and John Allen. 

Bellnniont (or Belloniont), Earl ((lov.). Propositions of the Five Nations 

to liim. Folio. New York. 
Bellamoiit. Earl ((Jov.). Speech of, May 11>, lOOS. New Y»)rk. Printetl 

by Wm. Bratlfoni, by the order ami ap]>ointment of the House of 

Assemblv. New York. 


Bellamont, Earl ((fov.). Account of thi* Proceedings of bis Excellency 
Earl Belbunont. (ioveriior of New York, and an Extnionlinar}' Coun- 
cil held at that Place May S. \mH relative to Cohniel Fletcher's giving 
commi.ssions to Pynites*; With the Earl's Spee<^h to the Assembly. 
Fol. 1 sheet. New York. Printed by William BmdfonL Printer to 
the King. 

Belch<T, Joseph. The Worst Enemy ('on<iuere<l. A Brief Di.xcoursc; on 
the Methods and Motives to pui*sue A Victory Over those Habits of 
Sin, Which War against th<* Soul. Artillery Electicm S<Tmon, Jime 
0th, 1(M)M. HJmo, p|). ;jK. Boston. Printed by Bartholomew Green 
and John Allen. 

Ante-Refolutionart Publications. 343 

Bronks, . Ketention of tlie poor Captives in Morocco. 8vo, pp. 94. 

Le*. Siiuuel. ConlemplBtion^ on Morlality, 8vo, pp. (10) 14B. Boston. 
HaUier, Coiuin. Men.s Sana in Corpore Sano. A Dbcourau on Rycovory 
from tjicluitsa. 12inu, pp. 68. Boston. 

Haliior, CntWn. The Berious Christian. Three Essftys. 

Mather. Cotton. The Bostoniun Bljonener. Some Historical Reinarlts 
npon the Stale of Boston &c. Ifltno, |ip. 83. EosWn. 

MallitT, Increase. Sermon on the Death of Mr. John Buirey. 13nio. pp. 
SB. Boston. Printed by B. Green and J. Allen. 

Unlber, Increase. Maaukkonukeee Match eseaenvog We^uetooK kah Wut- 
tmanatoOE; Uppeyaonont Chrisloh kaL ne Yeuyeu Teimuk. Nashpe 
Increase Mather, &c. Five Sermons by I. Mather. Translated into 
Indian by Rev. Bam'l Danforth. Buaton. 8vo, pp. 164. Prinled by 
B. Green and John Allen. 

'"niEDnt Indlin ImhiIc knoffD to Ikth beun priiitnl nltor the remoril of tlia prasa 
to Bmiob." Mr. Tmmliiill, la A. A. S. PnxxeiUngii, .Vo. 81. 

Jlyles, Samuel Funeral Sermon on Mr«. Elizabeth Riscarrick. 8vo, pp. 
SO. Boston. 


Mew Yorit. Acts of lUe New York Assembly. Polio. N. Y. 

Now York. A LelUr from a Gentleman of ihc City of. to another, con- 
cerning the Troiiblea which happened in tbat Province in the timeof 
the Inle Happy Revolution. 4lo, pp. 34. New York. 

Mow York. Loyaltv Vindicated ; beingan answer to k Late False, Sedi- 
tious and Scandalous Paraphiel. cnlitnled, "A Letter from a Gent., 
pu-." Published tor the sake of Trutli and Justice, by a Hearty Lover 
of King William and the Protestant Religion. 4to, pp. '2>i. Boston. 

Soyes, Nicholas, New England's Dutyand Interest to be an Habitation 
o( Justice and a Uountaln of Holineas. Election Sermon. With a 
Preface by Rev. J. Higfpnson, and an accoiml of Messrs. Kawsun and 
Danforlh's Visitation among the Indians. Bvo, jip. (13) M. Boston. 

Psalms, II>-nins and Spiritual Songs o( Hie Old and New Testament, 
faiUifully tmnslaled InUi English Meei^r. (WlUi Tunes). ISmo. 

Stoddard, Solomon. Sermon at the Boston Lecture, July T, 1S96. 13mo. 

"Willard. Samuid. Impenitent Sinners Warned of their Misery and Sum- 
moned to Judgment. Two Sennuns at Boston, Nuv. 6 and 10, 16!)6. 
ICniu. Boston. 

.Allcine, iUchard. Uciivcn openi^d, Or A Disc<iverv i>f the Riches of Qoil's 
Covenant of Grace. Being the Third Parlot Vlndlcia Pieiatis. 8vo, 
pp. (0) 3(f0. Boston. Printed by B. Green and J. Allen for Elkanah 
Alien, James. Man's SelMteflectiun is the Special Means to further his 
Recovery from his Apijstacy from OihI. Bein^ the Subject of Two 
Sermons. Boston. Printed liy li. Green and J. Allen. 
Almanac JohnTuIley. Boston. Prinled,by B. Greenand John Allen. 

344 History of Printing in America. 

Almanui- for 169B. New York. Prink-d by Wm. Bradford. 

Biistoii Cbui'ch, A ilaniftsto or De claratinn u-i forth by Hie Underlakera 
of Ihe New CLurcli now ereclud in Boelon in New England, Novem- 
ber ITlli, \tm. Fol., pp.3. 
lUrv, Coll. Ub. 

Calnlniiiu. 1'bF DccluraLion of the Council ConalHuted by tbe Indian 
mid Afriuin ('oiiiiKiiiv of BcoTland; for tbe Oovummcnt and din^c- 
liiiQ uf llicir C'ulunii-s and Belllfmeiite in tbe Indies. (Signed "By 
OniiT i.f ilu' Coiiiifil, Uugb Rom, Becretarv." " New Edinburgh. D&- 
cpiiibt-rSH, Idlin)' 4ti>, pp. 4. 'Boston. ' Prinled Hay 151 L, 1609." 

Ccinfesition of F»ilJi. 0>t'neii nod Consented unto by tlie Elders and Mes- 
scDcers of tbe C'burclies Assembled at Boston May 13tb, 1U80. Bdng 
tlie Second Sossion of that Byno<l. 16mo, pp. (K) 161. BosUid. Re- 
printed by B, (Jn'on and .lobii Allen. 
Enjjilili null Lidlui <i» oppmlio mgi^i). The tmlliiu liy Ortuclal Hiiii>am. 

Coiion, J. A Meet Help. A Wedding Serniou, June 1«, 1Q94. 8vo, pp. 
34. Boston. 


" God's Proiectiug Providence Man's Siiresl Help and Defence in the 
TiiiuBijf ilu'^rrLiiieHUliinculty and most imniini-nt Dunger, EvldonoMl 

• in till' liiiniiikiihli' Dtllverance of Diveis PefBona from tbe Duvonr- 
in;.' W.m- .il (III' St 11, amongst which they suffered Sbipwreck. And 
hImi ii-iini I 111' iiKitr- I'i'ucllv devouring Jawes of the Inhumane Cannl- 
hiiU 111 I'liiviil.i, Fiiii lifullv related liy one of (lie Persons cmcemed 
UitrLm, ['iiiiii'a ill I'biladelphia by Ileinier Jaiisen, 1609." 
Ilcavcn opened; Or, A Discovery of tbe Riches of God's Covenant of 

Grace. ISuio, pp. 366. Printed by B. Orcen and John Allen. 
Leeds, Daniel. A Trumpet soiinded out of the Wildeme^ of America, 
wblcb may serve as a Wambig to tbe Government and People of 
England to tw ware of Quakerism. Wherein iaBhownbow.iiiPensyi- 
vaniu, and there awav, where they have tbe Government in their own 
Unnils, they hire ana encourage Men to flgbt ; and how they Perse- 
euie, Fine and Imprison, and take away Goods for CoMscieiiue Sakct 
8vo, pp. 138. New York. Printeil by William Bmdford. 
Bee Pdmit. ino. 
Hasaachusctts. A;;ls and Laws iif his Majesty's Province of Massachii- 
sells Bay: with the Charter. Fol.. pp. lU'l. Boalnn, Printed by 
B. Green and John Alien. 
MassHCliusetts. ChurtiT granlud by Ibeir Majesties Clng William nnd 
(Jiieen Mary to Uie Province of tbe Mai>sachiisetta Bay in New Eng- 
land. Fol. Boston. Reprinted by S. Green and J. Allen. 
Mather, Cotton. A Family Well Ordered ; Or an Essay to render Parents 
and Children hnppy in i>nu nnoUier. ISmo, pp. 79. Printed by B. 
Green and J. Allen. 
At UiBBDd !■ "Aa A<i<int» Ad Fralm'jn £re<Hii" of t'rcptget.iittptn.lKtj paged. 

Mather, Cotton. DcMiiinium Luctuosiira. An History of Iteiuarkable 
Occurrences in the loug War with the Indians ir«mi IG88 to 1096; 
with two Lectures for the Religious Improvement of them, 8vo, pp. 
254. Boston. Printed fur Samuel Phillips. 

KnpriiiUKl wllh Ui« Magiiulia lu Lunduo, ITM. 

Matlier, Cotton. History of Some luipostors, remarkably and seoitonably 
dviccteU in the Churches of New England ; with a Lecture. PTufaoe 
by I. Matlier und others. lUnio, pp. TU. Boston. 

Uatlier, CollOB. La Religion pura. To which ia added La Fc del Ctarist- 
iano: Eu Voyiit« quatro urliculos de la Institucion dc Chriiilo. Aa 
Essay to convuy ilcligion into thu Spanish Indiua, Svu, pp. IS 

Ante-Beyolutionart Publications. 345 

Mather, Cotton. Pillars of Salt An History of some Criminals Exe- 
cuted in this Land for Capital Crimea. 16mo. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. The Faitli of the Fathers ; Or the Articles of Religion 
in the Word of the Old Testament A Catechism for the Jewish 
Nation. 8vo, pp. 24 Boston. Printed hy B. Green and J. Allen. 

Matlier, Cotton. The Religious Mariner. 

Mather, Cotton. Thirty Important Cases, Resolved with Evidence of 
Scripture and Reason. Mostly by Several Paston of Acyacent 
Churches, meeting in Cambridge. 8vo, pp. 78 (1). Boston. 

Mather, Increase. The Siu-est Way to the Greatest Honour. Election 
Sermon May 81, 1G99. 8vo, pp. (8) 3-42. Boston. 

Mather, Increase. The Folly of Sinning O^ned and Applyod. In two 
Sermons occasioned by the Condemnation of one that was executed 
at Boston on November 17th, 1698. 12mo, pp. 05. Boston. 

New York. Laws of the Colony of. Fol. New York. (Continued 
from p. 84 of the cd. of 1094, to p. 150. At the end of p. 150 a colo- 
phon. Printed Ac. by W. B., 1699. 

Observations of a Person of Eminence and Worth in Caledonia (Mr. Pat- 
terson), written to his Friend in Boston N. £. on their Scots Settle- 
ment, New Edinbuivh, at Daricn, in America ; with an Account of 
the Nature and Condition of the Country, and good Disposition of the 
Natives towards them, and of their addressing the President of Pa- 
nama. Dated at Fort St Andrews, Feb. 18th, 1698-9. 8vo, pp. 76, 

Salva Conducta. Or a Safe Conduct for the Increase of Trade in N. E. 
4to, pp. 8. Boston. 

Stubbes, Henry. Three Sermons on Conscience. 8vo. Boston. [? 1700.] 

Walloy, Thomas. Balm in Gilcad to heal Zion's Wounds. Election 
Scniion before tlic Geneml Court of New Plymouth, June 1, 1060. 
4lo, pp. (2) 20. Cambridge. Printed by S. G. and M. J. 1699. 

W^illanl, Samuel. Spiritual Desertions Discovered and Remedied. 12nio, 
pp. 14-1. Boston. Printed by B. Gri*en and J. Allen. 

Willard, Sanuiel. The Man of War. Artillery Electicm SiTnion. 8vo, 
pp. ;M). Bodton. 

Williams, John. Waniingtotlie Unclean. Discounw; Preacht at Spring- 
tield (Mass.)., Aug. 25, 16i)8, at the E.\ecution of Sarah Smith. 16nio. 

Almanac. John Tulley. Boston. Barth. Green and John Allen. 
Alnuinac. Samuel Clougli. Boston. 
Almanae. 1). Ix'wls. (Philadelphia ?) 

Bray, Thomas. The Necessity of an early Religion. Sermon, flth May, 
before the Assembly of Maryland. 4to, pp. 20. Annai>olis. Printed 
by Tho : Reading. 

Doolittle, Thomas. Treatise on the Lord's Supper. 12mo, pp. 220 (19th 
editi(m). Boston. Rei)rinted by B Green and J. Eliot. 

G<»spel Order Revived. Being an Answer to a Book lately set forth by 
the Rev. Increase Mather, Entitled The Order of the Gosi>cl &c. By 

346 History of Printing in America. 

sundry Ministers of the Gkwpel in New England. Printed In the 

yeiir 1700. 4to, pp. 40. No place or Printer named. [Supposed 

autliors Woodbridi^e, Benj. Coleman, and Simon Bradstrcet. See 

Sibley's Harvard Ontduutiex, i, p. 455.] 

Thi<4 WEM printed In New York by Bradfonl, and nn advcrtit^ment ^tate« that it 
could not bo printed In Boston, bocaano the pre»H there was " nnder the awe of the 
Reverend Author whom we annwer, and his frlondt*/* On this point suodry deposi- 
tions, pro and con, wuro printed In BoNton Hij;;ne:lby Bartholomew Green, Thomas 
Brattle, Zechariah Tattle, and John Mico : makinij^ tojj^ether 10 pp. 4to. 

Massachusetts. Acts and Laws of. May 1700. Fol. Boston. 

Matlier, C'otton. An Epistle to the Christian Indians giving them a short 
ac(*()unt of wliat tlie English desire them to Know and to Do, &c. 
12mo, pp. 14. Bost(m. 
In Indian and Knj;liHh. 

Matlier, C-otton. The Everlasting G<)s|)el, &c., Or the Gospel of Jiistifica- 
cation &c. 8vo, pp. (;J2) 70. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. "Tlie Good Linguist." "Grace Triumphant." "The 
Gn'at Physician." 
Three separate titles in 8. Mather's list. 

Matlier, Cotton. The Old Principiw of New England. 8vo, pp. 10. 
Prince Ms. 

Mather, (?otton. A Warning to the Flocks against Wolves in Sheep's 
Clothing. IGmo. Boston. 

Mather, (^>tton. Things that Young People should think upon. On the 
Drowning of three Young Men! lOmo. Boston. 

Mather, C'otton. A Pillar of Gratitude. General El e<*tion Sermon. With 
an Appendix giving an Ac(touut of the Success of the Gospel in 
India. Hvo, pp. 48. Boston. 

Mulher. Cotton. A Monitory an<l Ilortutory Lett<Tto those English who 
(h'bauch the Indians by Selling Strong drink unto iheni. 8vo, pp. 
10. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. A Monitory Letter about the Maintenance of Ministers. 
8vo, pp. 10. Boston. 

Mather, C'otton. The Young Man's .Monitor. 8vo, pp. 43. Bosttm. 

Mather, Cotton. Token lor the C'liihlren of N<'W England; or Some 
Kxaniples of Chihlren in whoui the Fear of God was remarkably 
budding before they died kv. Added as a Suppl(Mn(;nt unto the Ex- 
cellent Jan<'\vavs Token for ('liildren. lOnio. Boston in N. E. 

Mather, Cotton. Keasonable Religion, Or the Truth of the Christian Re- 
ligion I)enionstrate<l, etc. l'.inio, pp. 7*i. Bost^jn. 

Mather, C'otton, and Mather, Increase. The Young Man's Claim unto the 
Sacrauient of the Lord's Supper. By John (.^uiek. With a Defence 
of the (New England) Churches, from what is otiensive to them, in a 
Discourse lately published, under the title of The Doctrine of Insti- 
tuted ('hurches. By Certain Ministers of the Gospel in Boston. 
lOino, pp. S)2. Rosion. 

Mather, Increase;. The Order of tin* (tospel professed and practiced by 
the Churches of Christ in N<^w England justified by the Scripture, 
and the Writings of many Learned .Men, vV'c;., in answer to several 
(lU(?stions relating to Chureh i>iseiprnn'. lOnio, pp. 144. Bo.ston. 
PrinU'd bv B. Green and J. Allen for B. Eliot. 
In soniu copiL'H lh«: imprint huM it, printed " Tor .NicholdK Butolph.'' 

New York. Acts of the Assemblv, 7th Assemb. 2dSessicm. Folio. N. Y. 

Ante-Revolution ART Pubmcations. 847 

Posey, Caleb. Satan's Harbinger encountered; his false news of a 
trumpet detected ; his crookS Ways in the Wilderness laid open to 
the view of the impartial and Judicious. Being something by Way 
of answer to Daniel Leeds, his book, entitled News of a trumpet 
sounding in the Wilderness, Ac By C. P. pp. 122. Printed at 
Philadelphia by Reynier Jansen. 
See Leeds, 1008. 

Quick, John. The Youne Man's Claim unto the Sacrament of the Lord's 
Supper. 16mo, pp. 92. Boston. Printed by B. Oreen and J. Allen. 

See 1741. 

Sewall, Samuel. The Selling of Joseph. 1 sheet, folio. Boston. 

Stoddard, Samuel. Doctrine of Instituted Churches explained and proved 
from the Word of God. 4to, pp. 84. London. Boston Reprinted (?) 

Stubbes, Henry. Conscience the Best Friend upon Earth. 24mo, pp. 
64 Boston. Reprinted by B. Green and J. Allen. 

Vindication of the Divine Authority of Ruling Elders in the Churches of 
Christ. 16mo, pp. 28. Boston. 

Wadsworth, Benj. Good Sduldiers a Great Blessing. Artillery Election 
Sermon. 16mo, pp. 28. Boston. 

Willard, Samuel. Love's Pedigree, A Sermon at Boston Lecture Feb. 
29, 1699-1700. Boston. Printed by B. Green and J. Allen. 

Willard, Samuel. Morality not to be relied on for Life. Sermon at 
Boston Lecture, May 23, 1700. 16mo, pp. 28. Boston. 

Willard, Samuel. The Truly Blessed Man : or the Way to be happy here 
and forever. The Sul»tance of Divers Sermons. 8vo, pp. 652. 
Boston. Printed by B. Green and J. Allen. 

Willard, Samuel. Evangelical Perfection. Sermon at Boston Lecture 
June 10, 1694. 16mo. Boston. 

Willard, Samuel. A Remedy against Despair. Substance of Two Ser- 
mons. 8vo, pp. 70. Boston. Printed by B. Green. 

Willard, Samuel. The Peril of the Times Displayed. 12mo, pp. 160. 
Boston. Printed by B. Green and J. Alien. 

Willard, Samuel. The Fountain opened, proving that there shall be a 
national calling in of the Jews. 12mo, pp. 170. (With others of his 
Works). Boston. Printed by B. Green and J. Allen. 
See 1733 and 1737. 


Almanac. John Tulley. Boston. 

Almanac. Samuel Ctough. Boston. 

Arguments off(?red to the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners for 
Trade and Plantation. 4to (Pamphlet). New York. 
This rc!atc'8 to an act of the assembly of New York. 

Belcher, Joseph. The Singular Happiness of such Rulers as are able to 
choose out their People's Way. Election Sermon, 1701. 16mo, pp. 
47. Boston. 

Boone, Nicholas. Military Discipline. The Compleat Souldier ; or, Ex- 
pert Artilleryman. Compiled from iOlton, Bariff, &c. To which is 
added the Alilitary Laws of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. 
lOrao, pp. 96. Boston. Printed for and sold by Nicholas Boone. 

Calef, Robert. Some few Remarks upon his scandalous Book against 
the Government and Ministry of New England, (by Obadiah Gill and 
others). 8vo, pp. 72. Boston. Printed by T. Green for N. Boone. 

348 History of Printing in America. 

Cambridpjo, N. E. Platform of Chnrch niscipline. 8m. 8vo, pp. 64. 
Boston. Printctl by B. Green and John Allen. 

Fo.x, John. Time and the End of Time. In Two Discourses. 8vo, pp. 
(2) 2U (1). Boston 1701. 

Green, Bartholomew. Deposition (Relating to his refusing to print a 
pamphlet called "Gospel Order Revived)." 4to, pp. 10. Boston. 

Guthrie, William. The Christian's Greatest Interest 12mo, pp. 236. 
Boston. lieprintc^d by T. Gn^en. 

Iligginson, John, and Hubbard, William. Testimony to the Order of the 
Gospel in the Churches in New England. lOmo, pp. 15. Boston. 

Keith, George. (Supposed Author). A Pamphlet against the Immoral 
(■onduct of many of the Quakers of New Jersey, New Castle, and 
Pennsylvania, who are represented as " a Cage of Unclean Birds. ** 
New Vork. 

Light out of Darkness. Poems on Blindness, with an Appendix. 8vo, 
pp. 10. Boston. 
J*Hncf Me. 

Mather, ('otton. Death made Easy and Happy. lOmo, pp. 106. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Thaunuitographia Christiana. The Wonders of Christ- 
ianity ; Discoursed in a brief Recapitulation of Many Wonderful 
Mysteries, in our Lord Jesus Christ. lOmo. Boston. 

Mather, ('otton. I'ersuasions from the Terrors of the Lord. 12mo, pp. 
48. Boston. Printed by T. (JrecMi. 

Mather, ('otton. American Tears upon the Ruin(»s of the Greek (yhurcrhes. 
A Coniperidioiis but Entertaining History of the Darkness comeuiK)a 
the (ireek Chunthcs in Europe and Asia. With an ap|K'ndix con- 
taining the Relation of the Conversion of a Jew. lOnio, pp. 80. 

Mather, Cotton. A Christian at his CaUinir. Two Essays. 

Mather, Cotton. A Companion for the AtHicted. The Duties and Com- 
forts of Good .Men, etc. Two DiscouiNcs. KJino, pp. 50. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Triumphs oyer Troul)les, SeruKm Jan. 0, 1700. Hvo, 
pp. 41. Boston. 

Mather, Iricrcas*'. Collection of sonn* of th(^ ofrenslve Matters contained 
in a Pamphlet entitled tlie Order of tin' (Josprl revived. 12mo, p|», 
2-1. Boston. Printed by T. (Jreeii. [Prefatory Letter, onlv, bv 

Mather, Incn'asc. Hh'sscd IIop<M)f the glorious Appearance of the Great 
(Jod our Saviour .Jesus ('hrist. In Sevi-ral Sermons. Hvo, pp. 148. 
BosiJUi. Printed for N. Hoonc. 

Peuibertoii, Klxnczer. The Souldier defended, Artillery Election S<t- 
nion. I'Jujo, pp. 42. H(>ston. Print<*d \)\ H. (ireen'and J. Allen. 

Rogers, .John. Death the ccTtain wag(!s of Sin. 12mo, jjp. 104. Boston. 

It roiitulii!* tin- ('oiilcf-lon »&c. of Ki»thcr KoilirtTc, ol Killery, Me., executed for 
niunliTiii;^' Ikt infant. 

SalVin, .John. Brief and Candid Answer to " the Selling of Joseph," &c. 
4to, pjK 14. Boston. 

Strc Sitwull, Sjuniicl, 170(). 

Stoddard, Soh)nion. The Necessity of an Acknowledgment of Otfences. 
Sermon, July ;j, ITOl. Hvo, i»p' :j4. Boston. 
Prinn Mti. 

Ante-Eevoldtionary Publications. 


Wad-iworlli, Beiijutnia. Miiliial Love oiid Peace among CIiriBtianB Re- 
comraenilwl. Sermon, Jan. 19, 1700-1. lUmn, pp. 30. BcwUm. 

WiUonl, Samuel. The Best Prlviledgc. a Sermon at the Lecture in Bos- 
ton. 16nio, pp. itO, BoBion. B. Green, 

Willard, Samuel. Two Thursday Lecture Scrniona on Walking with 
Giod. lltmo, pp. 5U, Boston. 

Willard. BamueL The Checkered State of llic Gospel ChurcU. Past 
Strmon, Sept. 18. 1701. lamo, pp. di. Boaton. Printed by B. Green. 

Willard, Samuel. The Christian's Exercise by Satan's Temptations. 8vo, 
pp. (4) 368. Boaton. Printed by B. Green. 

Willard, Samuel. Sermon July 17, 1701, on the Death of Hon. William 
Stoughton. 16mo, pp. 30. Boston. 

Willard, Samuel. The Fear of an Oatii. Svn, pp. 30. Boston. 

A Little Book Cor Little Children. 8vo, pp. 04. Boslon. 
AJmanac. John Tulley's Farewell, Boslon. 
Almanac. (The New England.) Samuel CiougU. Boston. Printed by 

B. Green and J. Allen. 
Baxter, Hlchurd. Call to the Unconverted. 13nio. Boston. 


ton. Several Rules. Orders, and By-laws, made and agreed upon by 
the Freelialdcrs and Intiabitauts of Boston May 13, and SepL 32, 1701. 
4lo. pp. 44. Boeion. 

Conn.nui. Soc. 1 
ConnecticuL Acta and I^awa of his Majesty's Colony of Connecticut in 

New England. Pol., pp. 118. Boston. PrinUHl by B. Qreen and 

J, Allen. 
Crosby. . Tlie Work of a Christian. And an important case of Prac 

Ileal Cliriatianily. Pvo, pp, 8. EoMlon. 

Caiman, [/eonnrdus. Senlentiie Puerilea Ann;lo Latinie. Sentences for 

Children, English and Latin. Traualated by Charles Hoole. 12mo, 

Boston . 
Danforth, John, The Right Christian Temper in every Condition ; 

endeavored (ns tlie Lord vouchsafed to asslsl). to be set forth and 

recommended. lOmo, pp 28, Boston. 
Dudley, Joseph (Gov.), SjicihOi to the Council and House of Represcnta- 

tiTea, Convened nt Boaton Juno lOth, 1703. 4to, pp, 'd. Boslon, 
Dudley, Joseph. Answer of the House i)f Representatives to the above 

Speech. With Ihi' address of Divers Ministers of the Province lo Gov, 

Dudley. 4to, pp. 3. Boslon. 


350 History of Printing in America. 

Hale. Bev. John, A Hodeet Enquiry into the Naliire of WilcIicnift »j-~— 
Hciw Persons giiilly ot lli«t C'rinic may l)e convicled. 8vo. pp. l^OtJ 

Hiitory of Willisni III. 8vo, pp. ii. Bosinn. 

Keith, George. The Doctrinp oi ihc Holy ApoBtlw and Ptopheis UmI 
Foundation of thcClinrrli of Christ. Aa itwita delivered in aBormosS 
Bl Her Majeailes Chappel at Bosion in New England, June U, nOfc T 
4to, pp. 14. Boston. 

Uather. Cotton. Advice to tho ChuM-lies of Ihc Falihfiil ; reportin); tbafl 
pri'sent slate of llic Church liroughoui th« world. 13mo, pp. l&l 
BoBton. I 

Mather, Ciillon. Cares about the Nurseries. Two Hemiims. ISiuo, ]i^'l 
m, '2B. Boston. 1 

Mather, Colton. CLrislianus per Ignem. Or a Disciple Wanning <4M 
himself and Owning of his Lord. Svo, pp. 188. Boston. 
In 8. Milber't llil of hit RiUier'a hooka Ibis la plACWl - - - 
~ - led loTteT.l 

It. Sae. Calaiogui tl U 

I. NichDiw NoTU, «>>« slg» 


MalluT, Cotton. Christianity to ihe Liff; Our Imitation of our Saviour. 

Svo, pp. 60. Boston. 
Mather, Cotton, Maschi) : Or Ihe Fnithfiil Instructor ORering Mcmuriftk' 

of Christianity ; in Twenty-Six Exereisea upon Uie New English Cate^ 

chiam. Svo. pp. 1B2. Boaton. Reprinted liy B. Green and J. Allen. 
MatluT, Cotton. Murli In Little ; or three Brief Eaaays 

whole Christian Beliglon. 13mo. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Necessary- Admonitions: Cunluining Just Tb( 
upon Sins of Oniiasion. lOnio, pp. ^0. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Monitory Letter to Oiose who Frequently aod Need« 
lessly Abseul themselves from the Publick Worehip of God. SvOj 

Maliter, Ooiinn. A Lciier In the Ungospelizcd Planl^itions. 

Mather, Cotton. ThePourtniilureof aOoodMan. A Sermon before tt 

General Aascmhly. ISmo, pp. 36. Boston. 
Mallier, Cotton. SeasoiiableTeslimony loihcDocirineaof Grace, felch(_ 

out of Ihu Articles and Homilies of the Church of England. ISrao. 

Mather, C.llon. Wholesome Wordt< : Or Viaila of Advice lo Sick Fainilii^s. 
Halher, Increase. Ichabod. Two DIscoursca on the Glory o( Uic Lord 

de|Mirting from New England. 13nio, pp. 1Z4 Boston. Primed 

by T. Grecu. [With Portrait.] 

Mather, Increase. Itemarks on George Keith's Sermon, Showing ibsl liia 
pretended Good Unles in Divinity ure not built on the founaatir~- -' 
the Apostles and Prophets. lUmo, pp. SU. Boston. 

r, Incn^asi". The Glorious Throne: Or u Sermon concmihig t_ 
Glorj of the Tbrouc of the Lord Jesus Cbrisl which is now in Heanl 
aud shall be quickly seen on the Earth. 16nio, pp. 'i6. Buaton. 
bther, Increase. The Cliriatiuu Iteligion tlic only Tnic Fteliglov 
Several Surtuons, ISmo, pp. 100. Boston. 

Ante- Revolutionary Publications. 351 

Hsiber, Increase. Three SemioMB.— Excel lent v of Public Spirit.— The 
Itigbleoua Mun a Blessing.— Tlie Morning Star. ISiiio, BosUm. 

The ant la u BlKtloa Sennoti, pp. as. Tbe next Iwo an pnsed cDDliaDonBlT, 

ProclHmaliiRi by [lie Council of His Majesties Province of the Massacliu- 
sellfl Bay in New England, Fol., pp. i. Boston. Printed by B. 
Green, and J. Allen. 


-, — _idepent ... , _. . — 

Commencement (T) at Cambridge, in New England, July l»t, 1703. 4to. 
No Title, pp. 7. New York. Printed liy Win, Bradford. 
Sermon to Parents. I2nio, pp. 120. Boston. Printed by T. Green for 

B. ElioU 
Tlmcher, Thomas. A Brief Rule to guiJe tbu Coiiiniii.". People in the 
Small Pox and Measles. Svo, pp. H. Boston. 
AMiidlllon. Pint printed shout lOTTurierS. 
The Exerri^ of the Musket, and Forming of Battalion.'!. Hvo, pp. 22. 

lajneutud in Americu. Svo, pp. 

TirginiH. The Loyal Address of the Clergy of Virginia. [A Poem.] 
Single Sheet. Fol. Williamsburg. Printed for Pr. Maggot, at the 
Sign of the HIekery Tree, in Queen Street. 

laworlh, Benjamin. Exliorlaljona to Early Piety. tSmo, pp. 87. 
"Vileux, T. A Guide to Eternal Glory. IBmo, pp. 108. Boston. 

Alien, Joseph. Call to Archippus, &c. (London, l<MI4.) Boston Re- 

JUman»c. Samuel Cloagh. Boston. B. Orcen and J. Allen. 

.Almanac. By a Lover of Astronomy. BoHlon. B. Green and J. Allen. 

Corbin, William. A Scrmim preacbed at Kin^lown, in Jamaica, upon 
the 7th June, Being the Ajiniversary Fast for that Dreadful Earth- 
Quake which happened there in the year 1092. 4to, pp. 16. New 
York. Printed by William Bradford. 

Wayward, J. Precious Blood of the Son of God. 8vo, pp. 1 14. Bosion. 
Kuitli, Qeotgc. The Power of ilie Gospel in the Conversion of Sinners. 


352 History of Printing in America. 

Kcitli, Gcor<r('. A H(M)ly to Mr. Increase Mntlior*B Printed Remarks on a 
S<Tin(»n Preachni by (J K. at her Majesty's Cliu|»el in Boston, the 
Iltli of June, 1702. *In vindication of the six jr(M)d Rules in Divinity 
tliere delivired. AV hich he hath attempted (though very Feebly and 
UnsuccesMtullv) to refute. 4to, pp. 35. New York. Printed and 
sold by Wni. Bradford. 

Leeds, Daniel. The Rebuker Rebuked. In a Brief Answer To Caleb 
Pusey, his Scurrilous Pamphlet, Entitled, a Rebuke to Daniel Leeds, 
&c. * Wherein William Penn, his Sandy Foundation, is fairly quoted, 
shewin'j that he calls Christ The Finite Impotent Crc»ature. 4to, pp. 
11. New York. Printed and sold by AVilliam Bradford. 

Mather, Cotton. A^jreeable Admonitions for Old and Young. 8vo, pp. 
4S. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. A Tree planted by the; Riv(?r8 of Water. Or the im- 
provements to be made of Baptism. 

Mather, Cotton. Evfj?/Ma. Or a Virtuous Woman found. An Essay on 
the Death of Mrs. Mary Brown. 

Mather, Cotton. Great Consolations ; Or a tempted Christian triunipbinf^ 
ovtT his Temptations. 

Mather, ('otton. Jedidiah : Or a favorite of Ilcsaven described. 

Matiier, Cotton. J^essons of (Joodness, for children of godly Ane<^stors. 

Mather, Cotton. Methods and .Motives for a Society to Suppr(»HS Disorders. 
Hvo, pp. 12. Boston. 

Mather, ('otton. The Olory of (todlincss, in the redemption of the Eng- 
lish in Barbary. Hvo, pp. 51. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. The llii?h Attainm(>nt. A Discourse on Resignation. 

Matlicr, Cotton. The Dav which the Lord hath nmde. 12mo, pp. 50. 

Boston. Printed by 1^. (ire<'n and .1. Allen. 

Tin** was n'printrd in finlian mikI Kll•,')i^*ll tii I7i)7, and in Cat. of IlUit. Mti**. Soc. 
Lih. ir< a.-cilbiMl to Sanjin-I Daiiloitli. rrnnu'oii-ly. 

Matlier, Cotton. Mt'.-it out of tiic K.itrr, or FuihthI Discourses occasioni^d 
by tlHMlcatii (jf Srvc-ral Krlativ<'s. KIn.o, pp. ((>) 222. Boston. 

Matlier, Cotton. A Family Sacriticc. A Hri<'f Kssay toDirecrtand E.\citc 
Family Kciiirion. Kimo, i)p. M\. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. The Krtircd Christian. 12mo, pp. 40. Boston. 

Matjjcr, Soul saviuir (Jospt'I Trutiis. Delivered in Several 

ScrnuMJs. Boston. 
H*'j>riiittMl in ITl*^. 
Mather, Increase. The Dutvof Parentsto pray for their Childn»n. Fast 

Sermon, May 11>, ITtKJ, j»p. 54. Boston. 

Haw-ou, (iriiidal. .Miles Christianus, or Christians treated in the quality 
of Soldiers. Artilh-ry Flection S<'rmon. lOmo. Bostcm. 

Stoddard, Solomon. Sermon at th<' Funeral of Hon. Col. John Pyncbon, 
Ks(i. Kimo, pp. 2H. Boston. 

Stodclard, Solomon The Way for a People to live long in the Land,&c. 
Ma.s>ttM. HIection Sermon,* ITOJJ. 4to, pp. 25. Boston. 

Tiie Spirit of KailiuLc Sliimel, and of Baal's four hundred Lying Pro- 
phets, entered into (-aleb Pu.sey, and his Quaker bret^ron in JE^nn- 
sylvania who approve him. 4to. Printed and sold by Wm. Bradford, 

in New York. 

Willard. Samu(>l. A Brief Reply to Mr. George Kcdtfa, in Answer 1o ft 
Script of his. Entitled, A l{efutation of a Danfferoos ftod Hvtfil 
Opinion, mainUiined by xMr. Samuel Willard, aRk 1ft** K 

B(;st<m. Printed and sold by Samuel FhUlipk 

Ante-Retolutionary Publications. 

A. Confi-saion of Faith ;or( ---,---..„ 

OuDilitwoman, in the 35Ui year of licr a^. 12mo, pp. 8. Boston. 

Bj If n. Ann Flake, nf Braliilr 

Almanac, By a I^ver or Astronomy. Boston. 
Ainianac, Samnel Clougli. Boston. 

Bodtnn NpwH-Li'ttRr (Tiip). No. I, issned April 34, 1704. PrinUjd on 
half H slicia of rH>t paper, foiio. PubliHtitii wpckly by Jolin Camp- 
bell. Boston. Printed by B. Grcon. Sold by NkJiolas Boone. 
Tbe Unit iicwxpiiutr In thu Britlrh CuIduIm of Sanb America. Il nw coollnacd 

.... TSyairK. In 1«S (Ho litis m* chanced (o •• TAt Hutlu Xtici Letlrr." 

^ .. ,. ™.i- =„... =7....... .r,„, !^f„_ and Sea Kngland CAronWn," 

" TAt Mamchmrlli OaziOt ; and Botlat 

and In I'm l« " TAe Botim Wtekta Ntic IMItr. and Xea Kagland CAronkli," 

About a yiar ader. It wbb allenjiIUi " TAt Mamchmrlli Oazi" -■ "— ■— 

Xeiet-I^UrT ." \a Vm II wiu panlallf nnliwl with the Awt Bot. 

Brown, Mra. Mary. Elegy ou her Death. Hvo, p|i. 11. Boston. 

Dndley, Jonciili (Oov.). A DeeUrution Against Pniplinnenesaand Imraor- 
alitim. Itroadside. Boston. PrintL-d by llartti. Gifen. 

Dummer. Jereiniali. Dlxcounic on thu Holiness of the Sabbath Day, 
8vo, pp. 54. Boalon. 
Ra|>rint(!d In lT6tt. 

Pon-le, John (of Beniinda). Dens VIsibilis; or God Mauifesled In tho 
Flrah. lOino, pp. 107. Boston. Printed by Bartli. Green for Natha- 
niel AnIwimkI hi Bernuida. 

G»)Iis, Henry. The liishl Mi-llic)d of Safely. Arlillerv Election Sermon. 
13mo, pp. 40. B<isli>n. 

Keith, (ieorge, Tlie Niiles of the True Church, with Ihe Appliciition of 
them to Ihe Cliurdi of Kiiiihiinl. ami tlir fire:.! Sin of Se[Ninilion from 
her. S.:rmim iH New Vork. Nov. 7, 17(K1. 4to, pp. 20. New York. 
Priiite<l and sold by Wn>. Bnuirord. 

Keith, (liiir^e. An Answer to Mr. Samuel WiilanI (<me of llic Hinixtent 
tkl Boston in N«w EnKhitiil) his Ki-ply lo my Printed Sheet. utlliMl 
a <laii"erous and hurlOd o]>iiiloii niaintaineil by him. viz ; That the 
Pall of Ailam. mid all the sins of men, necessarily come to pass by 
virtue of Ood's Decree, and his deturmintngbcitbof the will of Adam, 
and of alt otiier men l<> Kin. 4to, pp, 41. New York. Printed and 
sold by Willuim Bradford. 

Keith, Oeorgo. Two Semums delivered in Triidty Clmrch New York, on 
Ihe Holy Bacrnnients. :ind liie true Churcb. 4t<), pp. 48. New York. 
Primed by William Bradloid. 

Keith, George. Some Brief Itcmarks upon a late Bonk, entituled George 
Keith once more brouglit to the Test. &a.. Iiaving ilie Nutnc of Caleb 
Pusey at the end of the Preface and C. P. at the End of the Book. 
4to, pp. 80. New York. Printed by Wm. Bradford. 

Hatbsr, Cotton. A Comforter of llie Mourners. 8vo, pp. S4. Boston. 

HUher, Cotton. A Setrant of The Xiord not ashamed of his Lord. 

HUhtt, Cotton. EUthftil Wunlnga to prcreni Fckrfitl JudgmcnU. 8vo, 
|^4& BoftOR. 

354 History of Printing in America. 

Mmher. Collon. A Piulhful Monil'ir. Offering su Abalract of llie Li 
the Province of Massac tiusetls, agaiast ct:rUkiii Disurders, &q. ISi 
p|). S6. BiisloD. 

Mather. CoUon. Le Vrai Palron iles Saincs Parnlea. 8vo, pp. 15. Gi)SU> 
" Doilened tor Lhe InitrDcCioD of our FroncL CaptWi'B." 

Motlier. Collon. Nicielas : Or TempWlions lo Sin Ciinquered. 

M&lliur, Collon. Tlie Nets orSalrallon; with a Pucin. 

Mather, Culion. Baplistet 

of fiiiplism. lOmu, p; 
MatUer, Cntlou. A Weaned Chriitliati. IGmo, pp. 42. Boston. 
Mallier, Cotlon. Disconrae cuncurning th» Inslitution an<l Observation oi 

tlie Lord's Day, Delivered in a Leelure at Boston, Jan. 4, 1703. ■" ° 

Malbor, Cotton. The It^iprovcr doing his Duly. A Sermon. 16mo. Bo«to 

MalhL-r, Coitcm. Youtli under a good Conduct. 

Halhur, Increasi:. The Voice of Ood in Stormy Winds. Two SormoB)) 

occasioned liy a great storm in Europe. Itlmo, pp. fl8. BuHtop. 
MathiT. Increase. A Brief DlBCOiirse Concerning Prayse ilue lo God, t 

Hla Mercy in giving Snow like Wool. 
Page eaDtlimniul]' with T/u Vobx of Ood, dbc, pp . SA-SS. 
Halbor. Increase. Practical Truths lundlng lo promote Holinras in 

Uenrta and Lives of Christians. Delivered in several Serinons. 1 

pp. 100. Botilon. 
Pembyrion, Ebeneaer. A Cliristian Fixed lo his Post. Sermon at t 

Boston Lecture April 20, 1704. 13mo, pp. »0. Boslun. 
Quelch, John, Arraignment, Trial, and Coudemnatlon of CapL • 

Quelch, and others uf his Company, &c., for soudiy Piracies, I 

buries and Murderscommilledonthe Subjects of Ihuifing of Portdj 

Ac. Boston. Sold by Nicholas Boone. 

liiissell, Jonnllian. A Pleu for the Itlgliteouaness of God. Mass. BlccUog 

Sermon, 1704. 4t», pp. 25. Boston. 
Shower, J. Some Account of the LileofUoiiryOeariM!;. 13uio, pp. •( 

Spirit of Life entering inlii the spiritually Dead. Boalon. 

Fust Sermon, 1704. l3mo, pp. 

Willard, Samuel. Israel's Tn 
!je. BosLuu. 

Almnnoc. N. W[hlttemore.] Boston. 
Almanac By a Lover of Astronomy. Boston. 
Almanac. Samuel Clough. Bosion. 
I Bridge, Thomas. The Knowledgi! of God. Artillery Election Scrraoi 

l3mo, pp. 55. Br 
hnforth, Saninoi. Piety Encouraged. 

al Taunton. 8vo, pp. 31 
lUrbrook a, Joseph. EluctlwiSercuou, MnySO, 1705. 4lo,pp. 33. 

Ante-Revolutionarv Publications. 355 

HalcLeU to hew down llie Tree of Sin, which bears the Fruit of Death; 
or the Law by whiuh MngislralFS are to punisli Offences among tlie 
Indiana, aa well as nmong Uie English. (In English aud Indian.) Sm. 
8vo, pp. IS. BoBtun, 
AKrtbed (0 CoIIon Mather In PHiun Ml. 

Leeds. Daniel. The Great Mystery of Fuxcraft Discovered, and the Quaker 
plainneaa and Sincerity DtDionBlrated; First, to Uielr great Apostle, 
George Fits; adly. In their lale Subscribing llie Oath or Act ul" Abju- 
ration. Introduced » llli two li'tters written by George Fox to C^ull 
Lewis Morris, etc. 4to. pp. 18. New York. Printed by William 

Mather. Cotton. A Faithful Man described and rewarded. Funeral Ser- 
mon on Mr. Michael Wiggloswonli, Svo, pp. 48. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Family Religion Excited and AssUlcd. 3d cd. lOnio. 
SM4lb ed.. ITU. 

Mather, Cotton Lex Mercatoria : Or the Just Rules ofCrrmiuerce declared. 
A Bernion. 12nio. pp. 40. Boston. 
Ttie roDBlDE tJlle (a "The Falw Dealer hlrl]' dealt wllbBl." 

Mather, Cotton. Monica Americana. Sermon on the Death of Mrs. Sanib 
Levereil, Relict of Gov. Levereil. 12ino, pp. 32. Boston. 

Hather, Cotlon. Parental Wishes and Charges. With a Poem cntitlt'd 
The (Anient. 

Halher, Cotton. The Rules of a Visit. 8vo, pp. 40. Boston. 

Mather. Increase. MeditaUons on llie Glory of the Lord Jesns Christ; in 
Sevenil Sermons, lamo, pp. 166. Boston. 

Mather, Increase. Letter about tlic Present State of Christ in nity among 
IheChristianizedlndianBof New England, written to Sir William Ash- 
burst. 16mo. pp. 19. Boston. 

BIgned lucreiH Matlier, Cotton Matter. NoliBiDlati Waller. 

Peane, Edward. The Great Coneem; or A Serions Warning to a Timely 
and Thorough Preparation for Death. 21st ed. 24nio. Buston. 

Fusey, Caleb. The bombaearehed and found stuffed with false ingredients ; 
being a just confuiation of an abusive printed half-sljeet callefl Bomb, 
originally published against the Quakers, by Francis Bugg. but es- 
puused and exposed, and offered to be proved by John Talbot. To 
which te added : First, h large appendix treating of the real differences 
that are in divers respects between llie Quakers and their opponents : 
And the Quakers justified from Scripture and ancient Pruteslants : 
Secondly. Divers lestimunieK of those called Fathers of the Church : 
Thirdly, Divers of D. L.'s (Daniel Leeds) abuses of the Quakers ; being 
herein more fully manifested than hath hitherto been published. 
~ .1 Philadelphia by Revnier Jansen, 1T05. 
At Uie end.— Signed in Whalf of llie People called (Quakers by Caleb 
Pusey. (Pp. 76, and followed by a supplemeut entitled) Some Re- 
marks upon a late |)amphlet signed part by John Talbol, and part of 
Daniel Lci.tls. called the great mystery of Fox-cratt. Signed Caleb 
Pusey. pp. 40. 

Stoddard. Samuel. Danger of a Speedy Degeneracy. A Sermon at the 
Boston Lecture, July 3. 1705. 16mo, pp. 28. Boston. 

350 History of Printing in America. 

Almannc. By n Lover of Astronomy. Bostou. 

Boone, NicboUs. Uititurv Discipline, or Complete Soldier. 8to, pp. 138. 

Bosion. Printed by B. Green (iit Nicholas Boonu. 
BuDvan. Jotin. Pilgrima ProgrtHK, ISnio. BoBlon. Reprinted for B. 

Dyer, Willi um. Clirist'a Famous Titles; and n BeliPTer'e golden Chnln ; 

OS also bis Cabinet of Jewels, or a GlimpHe of Ujona Glory. Buslou 

Janeway, Itev. James. Life and Death, pp. 320. Boston. RepiiDl«d. 
Mather, Cotton. A Young Follower of a Great Baviour. Bvo, pp. 39. 

Ualher, Cotton. Epistle lo the Christlaii In'liaiis. I'linted id Engli 

and Indian. '" " "" "" " 

Sm 17(10. 
Untber, Cotton. Free Grace Halntuined and Improved. Two Diacoai 

12mo, pp. TO. Boston. 
Uather. Colton. Good Lessons for Children ; in Verse. 
Mather. Cotton. Good fetched out of Evil ; A Collection of Meniornl 

relating to our Captives. 
Mather, Cotton. Ueaveuly Considemli 
Hatlier. Collon. Private Moi^tings animated and regulated, 8vo, pp. 

Halbcr, Cotton. The Christian Temple; Or an Essay upon a Chrislian 

considered ns a Temple. ISmo, pp. 88. Boston. 
Malher, Collon, The Good Old Way ; 

glotlous Lustre of its appearing in I 

ISroo, pp. 94. Boston. 
Mathur, Colton. The Impenitent Sinner disarmed of bis Plt«. 
Mather, Collon. The Han of God nirnisbcd with supplies from Ibe Toi 

of David. 
Mather, Colton Tbe Negro Cbristianued ; an Essa^ to excite and 

the Instruetion of negro Scrvaois in CliriaUunity. 13mo, |ip. 

Mather, Collon. Tbe Religion of ilie Closet. An Essay upon the Holy' 

Employments pro|ier ior aChrislian in bis Daily Ri^tirtruienls. 34i]io, 

pp. 42. Boston. 
Mather Cotton. Vigilanlius. Discourse occasioned by Ibe Dealli of seven 

y on ng Ministers. 16mo, pp. 3S. Boston. 
Maiber, Increase. Uisciiurse concerning Ibe Maiatenance due tu tbo«e 

that Preach Ihc Gospel : In whicb the Question, wbetber Tylhca are 

by the Divine Law the Minister's Due, is ctmaidered, and the Negative 

proved. 8vo, pp. 80. Boslun, 
ReiiilDUd of iMtdon. ITIIB. 
Mather, Increase. Di3Ci>ursc Cimceming Elarlbquakes. With two oilier 

ScrmoDS. 13mo, pp. 1:11. Boston, 
ither, Incr« 

Senuon a 
r, Increase. A Plea for tbe Ministers of tbe Gospel offered to tha 

Considerolion of tbe People of New England. By a Friend of tlie 

Churches, lllmo. pp. 20, Bosion. 
iSew Ilampsliire. Acta and Laws of. Boston. Fol., pp. 130. Printed 

by B. Green, 



Ante-Revolutionary Publications. 357 

Pemberton, Ebciiezcr. Sermon preached in the audience of the General 
Assembly at the Publick Lecture in Boston, Nov. 1, 1705. 8vo, pp. 
40. Boston. 

Psalms, Hvmns, and Scriptural Songs of the Old and New Testament: 
Faithfully Translated into English Meeter, for the use. Edification, and 
Comfort of the Saints in Public and Private, especially in New Eng- 
land. 13th Edition. lOmo. Boston. Printed by B. Green for 
Samuel Phillips at the Brick Shop. 

Rogers, John. Treatise concerning the one Only True God, &c. ICmo, 
pp. 179. 
Partly Biographical. 

Rogers, John. Election Sermon, at Boston, May 29, 1706. 8vo, pp. 58. 
Boston. Printed by B. Green. 

Sharpe, John. A Sermon preached at Trinity Church in New York, Aug. 
1.*}, 170(), at the Funeral of Katherine, Ladv Cornbury, heiress to the 
Duke of Richmond and Lenox, and wife of Lord Cornbury, Governor 
of New York, New Jersey, etc. 4to. New York. Printed and sold 
by William Bradford. 

Wad.sworth, Benj. Men Self-Condemned, in being worse in their carriage 
to God than to one another, &c. 12mo, pp. 92. Boston. 

Wadsworth, Benjamin. Lecture Sermon on the death of Solomon (?Simeon) 
Stoddard, Sept. 19, 1706. 12mo, pp. 25. Boston. 

Wadsworth [? Benjamin.] Considerations to prevent Murmering. 8vo, 
pp. 25. Boston. 
Prince Ms. 

Wig|?les worth, Michael. Meat out of the Eater. Or Meditations concern- 

mg the necessity of Afflictions. Boston. 
Willard, Samuel Compleat Body of Divinity ; in 250 Expository Lectures 

on the Assembly*s Shorter Catechism. Fol., pp. 914. Boston. 

Willard, Samuel. Sermon on the Death of Mr. Simeon Stoddard, who 
was murdered near London. lOmo, pp. 28. Boston. 

Willard [V Samuel.J Just Man's Prerogative. 8vo, pp. 28. Boston. 
Prince 31s. 


Almanac. Samuel Clougli. Boston. 

Almanac. N. W[hittem()reJ. Boston. 

Aimaiiac. Daniel Travis, l^oston. 

Ahnanac. Jacob Taylor. Philadclpliia. Printed l)y Tiberius Johnson. 

Belcher, Samuel. Election Sermon, 1707. lOmo, pp. 20. Boston. 

Belcher, Samuel. Concio ad Magistral um. Assize Sermon befon^ the 
Superior Court Ipswicli, May 21, 1702. lOmo, pi). i:j. Boston. 

Catci'hism, confuting Popery, A:c., for Ciiristians in Maryland. 12mo. 

Colman, Benjamin. Imprecation against the Enemies of God lawful and a 

Duty. pp. 30. Boston. 
Two editions' 12iuo and 8vo . 

Colman, Benjamin. Poeui on Elijah's Tnmslation ; occasioned by the 
Death of the Rev. Sam'l Willard. 12mo, pp. 14. Boston. 

Colman, Benjamin. Government and Improvement of Mirth according 
to tlie Laws of Christianity. In Three ScTmons. 12nio, pp. 178. 

Guide to Heaven. Small 12m(), pp. 230. Boston. 

n] 4.') 

358 History of Printing in America. 

Mnkcmic, Fniiicis. A Niirrativt' of a Nrw and I'liusual Anicriciin Im- 

prisonnH-nt <»!* Two Prcshylfrian MinisUTH, unci Proseculion of Mr. 

Kranris Makcinic. 4to, pp. 47. N«;\v York. 

Prince HavK : '* Thin H<>emH, by {wgc 46, to hnvo boon published at Botton.'" Note 
in I*Hnc6 ihtalogve. [Sve ITtW.] 

Matlirr, C'oiton. Anothrr ToiiKiie bronirlit in to confess the Great Saviour 
of tin; World. Or Sonic ConinuinirationB of ChristiaDity put into a 
Tont;ur used anions; t lie Iroquois Indians in America; and put into 
the llands (»f the Kn{,dish and Dutch Traders. 8vo, pp. 16. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. The Spirit of Life entering into the Spiritually Dead. 
Ifiuio, pp. 49. BoHton. 

Mather, Cotton. The Fall of Babylon. 12niO, pp. 24. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. A Verv Needful Caution. A Brief Jlssay to discover the 
Sin that, slayes its Ten Thousands [Covetousness.J 24nK>, pp. flO. 

MatluT, Cotton. Frontiers well defended. 12nio, pp. /H). Bot^lon. 

Mather, ('ot ton. The lk*st Ornaments of Youth. Sennon. lOnio, pp.36. 

Mather, Cotton. An Kssay upon Profane Cursing and Swearing. 

8. MathcrV Hut. 

MatlKT, C<.tton. The Soldier told what he Should do. 
S. MathiT'H Hut. 

Mather, i'otion. Ornamental Piety. 
8. MatherV lint. 

Mather, Cotton. A Golden Curb. 

Prince M«. 

Mather, Cotton. The (Jreatest Concern in the World. 
8. Mather'nliHl. 

Mather. C(»tton. A Treacle fetched out of a Viper: An Essay upon FhUh 
into Shi. 

MatJHtr, Iiicrcii'ic. A !)is<|Misiti(>n <»n the State of the Souls of Men seim- 
ratc<l Irnni tlicir Bodies. Hvn, pp. 15. Boston. 

Mather. I ncn-asi*. M«ilitati(nis on Death. In Several Sermons, pp. IHO. 

Mather, Increase. Tin- DcMtrine <»f SiuL^ilar Obedience, as the Duty and 
IVopcrty ot the Tnw ( hristian, opened and applied. Sermon. liJnio, 
pp. 2\). Boston. 

Mather, Saniiu'l. The Sell Justiciary Con victe<l. A Dis<'oursc r(moernin«; 

K<nounciiiL^our own Ki^hte<»usiM'S»i, A:c. Hvo. pp. (2) 27, 1)4. Boston. 

T\\r I)i-(licHi<nv Kpi-tir ciinfjiiiif' "A Ti-timonv t<» tin- Orilirr of the Ciojuwl of the 
('liunlifH (»1 .N. fe." >ltjin'(l John Iliiririii-oii. W'lii. Iliihlmnl. 

Mo<)dy, Samuel. Tlie Vain Youth Sununonrd to appear at Christ's Bar. 
12m(», pp. (»t. Boston. 

>i(l r(l. 

Xe Ke>uko«l .Irhovaii Kes^ehtimkup, iVc. The Day which the Lonl hatli 
ma<h'. A l)i.*«<'ouise thi' Institution and 01>servation ol the 
Lord'' l);iy. Dilivered in a Li'(tureat Boston, 4d. Im. ITlKl t<vo,pp. 
•10. In KiiLdi^ii and Indian. Boston. 
Tin* l-'ii':Ii''h hy Cottjui Mather. 'l'h<' linlian liy K\|>crl<Mic« MahfW. 

New Kn«;land. A otthe picscnt depl(>rable State of New Knir- 
land, with tiie many Di^advaiita.n^'s it Ivo under, bv the Male-a<lnmi- 
islration of their juesmt (Joveiuuur, .)os<ph Du<lley, Ks(|., aiMl his 
Son I'anl, <'(c. To.irellicr with the m vend Atlidavits of People of 
Worth, rehitinir to .s<veial of the said (Jovernour's Mercenary anil 

Ante- Revolutionary Publications. 359 

illoijul Proceedinijs, but particularly his private treacherous Corre- 
ftpoudence with lier Majesty's Enemies the French and Indians. To 
wiiich is added a faithful but melancholy Account of several Barbari- 
ties lately committed upon her Majesty's Subjects by the said French 
and Indians, in the Ejist and West Parts of New England. Faithfully 
dii^ested from the several original Letters, papers, and MSS. bv Philo- 
l>olites. 4to. Boston. Sold by S. Phillips. N. Buttolph and B. Elliot. 
Brit. Museum Cat. 

New England Psalm Book. Boston. Printed for H. Eliot and N. Buttolph. 

Pemberton, Ebenezer. Sermon, &c., on the Death of the Rev. 
Samuel Willard. 8vo, pp. (16) 80. Boston. 

Perin's Divine Breathings. 12mo, pp. 80. Boston. 

Rogers, Joim. An Epistle to the Church of called Quakers, and 
anotlier Epistle to the Seventh Day Baptists, with several Theological 
Essays. 16mo, pp. 90. [1707 V] 
No place or printer. 

Watls worth, Benjamin. The Blameless Christian. The Substance of 
two Lecture Sermons March 8th and April otii, 1705, in Boston. 16mo, 
pp. 55. Boston. 
a>nn. Hist. Soc. Lid. 

Walter, Nehemiah. Body of Death Anatomized. Boston Lecture Sermon, 
July 12, 1700. 8vo, pp. (2) 20. Boston. 

Williams, John. Redeemed Captive returning to Zion. Or Remarkable 
Occurrences in the Captivity, and Deliverance of the Rev. John Wil- 
liams by the Indians, 1704. 8vo, pp. 110. Boston. 
With his Sermon, on hU retaru, at the Ek>etou Lecture, Dec. 6, 1706. 

Williams, John. God in the Camp. Sermon before the General Assembly 
March 0, 1700-7. lOmo, pp. 22. Boston. 

Williams, William. The Danger of not Reforming Known Evils. A Fast 
Sermon at Hatfield. 12mo, pp. 30. Boston. 


Almanac. S:iniuel Clough's Farewell. Boston. 

Almanac. Etlward Ilolyoke. Boston. 

Boston. The names of Ww. Street^*, Lines, ami .Vlh'vs, within the Town 
f>f Boston in New Eni^land, 170H. Shc'(^. Boston. 

Colnian, B(Mijamin. Tlic Piety and Duty of Killers to comfort and eneou- 
rui^e the Ministry. Sermon June lOth, 17(KS, before ids Excellency the 
Governor, cVc. 8vo. pp. lU. Boston. 

Colnian, Benjamin. On tlie Union of the two Kingdoms of England and 
Scotland. A Sermon preached July 22, 1708, before the Governor 
and Council. 8vo, pp. 33. Boston. 

Danforth, Samuel. Artillery Election Sermon (on Heb. 12 and 4th), 
Preached in Boston in the year 1708. 12mo, pp. 36. Boston. 

Flavel, John. Sacramental MtHlitations upon divei-s S<*lect Passages of 
Scripture. 0th Edition enlarged. lOmo, pp. 102. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. A Good Evening for the Best of Dayes. The Cause of 
the Lord's Day Ev(uiing Pleaded. A Sermon before the (teneral 
Assembly at B()ston 4d. Dm., 1708, and published by order of the llouse. 
8vo, pp. 20. Boston. 

Mather, Cot'.on. Winlliropi Jnsta. A Sermon at the Funeral of the 
Honourable J(»hn Wintlirop, Esq. (Running title "Mortality Con- 
sidenMl.'') Preface by Increase Mather. lOmo, pp. 40. Boston. 
Conn, lli-t. SiH-. Lih 

360 History of Printing in America. 

MiitlMT, Cotton. ConlmiiH AiiuTicjiiins. An P^siiy npon the Good Edu- 
cation of Oiiildrcii, and wiiat may hopotiilly be ultempted for the 
Hope of t lie Flock. In a Funi*nil Sciinon upon Mr. Ezekiel Cheever, 
the Ancient and Honourable MaHter of the Free School hi Boston. 
With an Kle^y and P^pitaph upon him l)y one that was once a Scholar 
to him. Hvo, pp. (0) \iA. Boston. 

MatJKT, Cotton. Kolxir Considerations; or An Essay to ivarn People of 
tlie Wolul Conseipiences of tlie prevailing abuse of Rum. 12nio. 

Mather, Cotton. Youth in its Brightest Glory. 

Mather, hurrejise. Dissertation wherein the strange Doctrine lately pub- 
lished in a Sermon. [8. Sttnldard'sJ encouraging Unsanctiflcd Persons 
to approach the Talth' of the Lord is examined and confuted. With 
an A])pendix showing what Scripture ground there is to hope that 
within a very few years will be a (vhirious Hefomiation of the Church 
throughout the World. And a Sennon Showing that Wonderful Re- 
volutions in the World are near at hand. 12mo, pp. (12) 135. Boston. 

Narrative of the Imprisonment of two Nonconfonnist Ministers, and prose- 
cut i(»n and Tryal of nuv of th<>m [Francis Makemic] for pretiching a 
Sermon in the City of New York. Hvo, pp. 50. Boston. 

Norton, John (of Ilingham). Klecticm Sermon, 1708. lOnio, pp. 20. 

Stoddard, Solomon. Inex(!U.sableness of neglecting the Worship of God^&c. 
Priuc*' Ma. 

Stoddard, Solomon. Falst'uess of the Hopes of many Professors. 
I*Hnrt- Mm. 

Tha<;her, Peter. The Signal and Most Gracious Presence of God. A 
Sermon to Young Men. Itiuio, pp. \Vi. Boston. 

Thatcher, l*<*ter. Unbcdief dete<-ted and condemned. Added, The Trea, 
sun' of tli<? Fathers iidierilable by llieir Posterity. 12mo, pp. (12) IDO- 

Tlie Youii<; Clt'ik's (Jiiiih': Or :i '^pfi'dy Help to lieiiruini;. In Two Parts 
rjiiio, pp. lirj. Boston, (iieprint.) 

V'(!iurmix (K.'ilph). Milk and Money. A Misc<'nane<ius ('olle<'tion of 
Christian Iv\p<Tiences, Sayings, Senl<*nc<'s, cVc. 12mo, pi). (H) H<i. 

101 h (>(l. 

Way of Truth laid out witli a tlircelold Catechism. Timo. jip. 1 10. Bo.ston. 


A]niana<'. Kdward ibdyokc. Boston. 

Almanac. Danicd 'i'ravis. New Lomlon and Boston. 

An Ai)peal of some of tin' rnhsarned, bolht«) th«^ Learned and Uidearned, 
(rcsprciing the Sacrament). B(?ingan Answer to S. Stoddard's Appeal 
to tlie Learned. Hlnio, pp. 2><. IJoston. 

Bowers, Bath. An .Vlarni sounded to Prepare the Inhabitants of the 

WorM to .Meet tlie Lord in tli<* Way of his Judgment. 4to, pp. *i'X 

" I)jili(l at llu'cnd I*liiljid.'I|)hiH, July ITKJ. i»ut evldi-iitly i)riiiH*<l by Wni. Itradford 
Hi N«'\\ York."' Hi^t. Mdij., vul. irr. p. 17«i. 

B. W. |y Bciijaiuin Wadsworth.) LetKT to iIiom; Towns or Villages which 
never had llu^ Word and Sacraments. 
J'rinrt Mk. 

Flavcl, John. Ilusbandrv Spiritualized; or the Heavenly Use of Karthly 
Things. Tenth Kdilion. TJmo, pp. 17, 2H1. Bo.ston. 

Ante-Revolutionary Publications. 361 

'GrcAl Siauers may be coDverted und Saveil. IS.tio, pp. 130. Qoston. 
Looking Gloss for Children. 8vo, pp. 108. Boston. 

Ilatker, Cotton. A Christian Conversing with the Great Mystery of 
Christianity. The Mystery of tlio Trinity in the One Innnite and 
Eternal Oda, Practically Improved and Applied, and Plainly brought 
into the Lite of Christianity. 16mo, pp. 53. (No place.) Prinled by 
T. Green. 

Xather. Cotton. The Cureof Sorrow. Ad Essay directing persons ludec 
Sadness, what Course to lake Uiat they may be no more Sad. 16mo, 
pp. 46. BoHtoD. 

Hsther, Cotton. I'he Sail ours Companion and Cuunsellour. An Offer of 
Considerations for the Tribe of Zebuluu ; awakening the Mariner to 
tlitnk and to do those Things tiiai may render hia Voyage prosperous. 
ISmo, pp. (Q. BusloD. 

Hather, Cotton. The Bonds of the Covenant. 8to. pp. 33. Boston. 

Hutber, Cotton. Youth in its Brightest Glory : an Essay directing the 
Yomig to become strong in Grace, by the Word of God abiding in 
them. 24mo, pp. 3S. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. The Sum of the Matter. An Abridgment of the Assem- 
bly's Catechism, 
ithcr. Cotton. Nunc Diraittia. A Sermon on the Death of Rev. John 
ili^uBon. With Memoirs of his Life, dvo, pp. 43. Boston. 

Hather, Cotton. Family Religion urged. To which Is added a Select 
Number of Choice Hymns. IGmo, pp. 34. Boston. 

Uather, Cotton. The Desires of the Repenting Believer. 

Hather, Cotton. Work within Doors. 

». Matber'sUat. 
Ibther, Increase. Dissertation concerning the future Conversion of the 
Jews, Confuting Dr. Ijghlfmjl. Mr. Biixter, and oUiurs. 4io. Bosiuu. 
Reprinted ftani the London Edition. 

r Jersey. The Laws of. Ist ed. New York. Printed hy William 
Pnuse out of the mouUis of Ditbes ; Account of the Children in Silesia. 
~ia, |)p. 34. Boston. Willi a Preface by Increase Mather. 

Fsalms, Hymns, and Spiritual Songs, &c. I4th ed.? 34mo, Boston. 
Knasacbusec Psalter ; Asuh, Uk-kuttoohomaoneush David Weche Wun- 
nauncbemookaonk Ne ansukhogup ,Tohn, Ul Indlnne kali Euglishe 
Nepatuhquonkash. The Milfiwi el inset P'nltcr: Or Psalms of David, 
with the tloBpelactordln,!: tn .lulin.iii I'l.liniiinof Indian and English. 
Being *n Introduction for IrihilEJu' n|i iIji' Aboriginal Natives in 
BeadlDg and Uudei-stanttiu- tin- H.iii' Si-ii|itnres. Boston, N. E. 
Printed by B. Green and .1. PiIdht Im- i\w [lonuurable Company for 
tiie PropagiHion of the Gospel in NewKnglimd, iltc, 1700. 
" Ncii Ul Eliiit'e Bthle. Ibis it the moat ImporUnt monument of llm Mutuhneet 
luii^i^ TliE Lniibiailuu WM made hy Uie Kct. KipnriuDce Unjfhew," Mr. 
Trumbull, in A A. a. I'mandinQi, No. HI. 

Quakers. A Serious Call to. 3rd Edition, ISmo. Boston. 
JUwBon, Qrindal. Maasnchuelts Election Sermon, May iri, ITUfl. Uhno, 
pp. 40. Boston. 

362 History of Printing in America. 

Baybrook. A CoareasEoD of FAilh, owned and conacated to by the Elderftl 
and Messengers of the Uhurehes of Connoclicul, at Haybrook, 8epL fl„ 

1(08. New London. Printed by Timothy Qreen, u 

ThH lint book printed In OannecUcut. mtl. Mag.. tdI. u. p. 

Silesia. Particular Actouni of soino exiraonlinary pious MoUodu mod 

devout Etcrciscs observed of late In many Chilifnut in Kleaia. 18mo. 

Stoddard, Solomon. Appeal lolliii Learned respecting the Lord's Supper, 

ajpiinst the Exceptions of the Uev. Increase Mather. lOmo. pp. tI, U8. 
Vesey. WiiUam. Sermon at the Funeral of John Lord Lovelace. 4to, ppu 

aa. New York. Printed by William Bradford. 
WailsworLli. Bui^amin. Great and Last D»y of Judgment. In Several 

Bermons. 13mo, pp. 140. BoBton. 
Wadaworili [Benjamin. ] Leller lo a Friend oo iLe external administrs> 

lii)n of Bikptiuii and Ihu Lord's Supper. 

Wailawortli [Benjamin.] Letter to Christian Snldiers. 

Willard [Samuel.] Thanlcsglriug Sermon on the reiiini of a Geniioni 
from hia Travels. 

Ailamii, Eiiplialet. Coanoclicul Election Sermon. May 11,1710, 13mo, 

pp. 37. New London. Printed by Thomaa Short. 
Almanac. Tliomns Robie. Boston. 
Almanac. Daniel Travis. Boston, 
Almanac. D. Leeds. New York. 
Belcher. Josepli. Duty of Parents, and Early Seeking of Uhrist. Two 

Sermons at Dedham. 13mo. Boston. 
Bridge, Thomas. Jethro'a Advice, &c. Sermon at the Lecture in Boston. 

l3mo, pp. 32. Boston. 
City of Itefuge, the. ISiuo, pp. 80. Boston. 
Oonfeasion of Faith, &c. TranslaieU into Indian by Grlndal Rawson. 

pp. 70. Uoaton, 
Danforlh, John, On the Blaeknessnf Sins against LighL Wltlia PruGics 

by Dr. Increase Mather. Svo. pp, i<5, Boston. 
Danforth, JoIid, King nezekiali'a BilH-rness and ItcUef Senuon. I6rau, 

Danfortli, Sanmol, The Wofnl Efleclf of Drunkonni:«s. A Sertnon 

SrL'ac1i(.<d at Bristol Octiib. 13, 1 TOO. When two Indians JuBins and 
oseph weff executed for Murlher. I6mo, pp, 52. Boston. 
" cr part of Ihli Sermon la )n Indlim. (ddrueed to Ihf munlBrei 


Dudley, Gov. Ihoinas. Leller lo the Right Hon. Lady Bridget, Coiiiila 
if Uncnin. dated at Boston. 38th of March, ISSI. The Humtile It 

Church III' Eiiglnrid. lliiiod fnnn \ nriuouth ul>»urd iliu Arbclla, April 
7. 1«K). I'reliiO! of ihe Iti'V- John Allin of Dedham. and of Hot. 
Tbunias Sht^pardof (.'iiinliridu'e. Ntw En^'laiid, bolbre their Delenceof 
IhR Answer made iinlo llj<^^ nine I^tR-sllonH, Nov. StI, IMh. In Dotnlni 
Sorton) Librum nd Iii-cturent. Praetntio Apoiogeticn: by Jolm Cnttnu. 
(All In one pitiiiphlet. Foolscap 8vo, pp. 50, No Date or printer's 

Ante-Revolutionary Publications. 363 

Dwight, J. Bright Side of a Dark Providence. 8vo, pp. 12. Boston. 
Prince Mt. 

Heskith, Thomas. Divine Providence asserted, and Some Objections 
Answered. Sermon at Annapolis Royal (N. S.). Oct. 10, 1710. 4to. 

Laws of her Majesty's Colony of New York, from April 9th, 1691 to Nov. 
12, 1709. Fol. New York. Printed by William Bradford. 

Lex Parliaraentaria, etc., etc. pp. 184. New York. Printed by William 

Mather, Cotton. Bonifacius. An Essay upon the Good that is to be 

Devised and Designed by those who desire to answer the great End of 

Life. 8vo, pp. 206. Boston. 

[The same as '' Essays to do Good.'*] At the end is '' An Appendix Concorninf 
The EssAYH that are made for the Propagation of Relif^ion among the Indians.*^ 
Also a descriptive Advertisement of Mather''s BiUia Americana. 

Mather, Cotton. Theopolis Americana. An Essay upon the Golden Street 
of the Holy City. Against Corruptions of the Market Place. Sermon 
to the General Assembly. 16mo, pp. 53. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Christianity Demonstrated. An Essay on the Witness 
within. 12mo, pp. 60. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Dust and Ashes. An Essay upon Repentance to the 
Last. 16mo, pp. 34. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. A Ijctler to the Rector and Professors of the University 
of Glasgow Acknowledging the degree of D.D. conferred on him. 
12mo, pp. 12. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Heavenly Conversation. 

Prince M«. 
Mather, Cotton. Elizabeth in her Iloly Retirement. 

Prince M/t. 
Mather, Cotton. Nehemiah. A Brief Essay on Divine Consolations, de- 
livenMl at the Thursday Lecture. Dedicated to Judge Sewall. 4to, pp. 
24. Boston. 
Mather, Cotton. Memorials of Early Piety. The Life and Death of Mrs. 
Jerusha Oliver. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Man eating the Food of Angels. The Gospel of the 
Manna, to be Gathered In the Morning. Willi clivers famous and won- 
drous cxami)lt*s of Early Piety, &c. 18mo, pp. 85. Boston. 

Mather, Increase. A Discourse concerning Faith and Fervency in Prayer ; 
and the Glorious Kingdom of the Lord Jesus Christ on' Earth, now 
approaching, in Several Sermons. 12ino, pi). (1) xi.v, 112. 

Mather, Increase. Discrourse concerning the Grace of Courage. Artillery 
Election Sermon, June 5, 1710. 12ino, pp. 44. Boston. 

Moody, Joshua (of Portsmouth and Boston). Doleful State of the Damned. 
Hvo, p|). 180. Boston. 

New York. Laws of the Colony of, from April 9. 1691. With His Excel- 
Jency's Speeches and Messages to the General Assemblv ; and a Journal 
*of the V%)tesand Achlresses of the House to Nov. 12, lt09. Fol. New 
York. Wni. Bradford. 

Pemberton, Ehenezer. Tin; Divine Original and Dignity of Government 
asserted. An Election Sermon May 31, 1710. 8vo, pp. 106. Boston. 

Saybrook. Confession of Faith, S:c. [See 1709.] Also Heads of A^rree- 
ment assented to by the rnited Ministers, formerl}' called Pm^iyUrian 
and ('oininti,itininiC; and also Articles for the a'lniinistration of Church 
Dix'ipline, airreed upon at Saybrook. pp. 118. New London, Conn. 
Printed by Thomas Short. 


History op Printing in America. 

Wadsworlh, Benjamin. An Essay to do Good: By a Disauarive fro 
Tiivern HuniiueaaJ Excessive Drinking. Wilb a Lecture 8ei 
IGmc), pp. 44. Boston. 

Wftdaworth, Benjamin. Funeral Sermon on Rev. Jiimea Alden. 

A. B. C. dea Cliretieu. 12mo, Boston. 
Almanac. Daniel Travis. Boston. 
Almanac. Daniel Lccda, New York. 
Buckingbam, Stephen. Conu. ElMiion Sermon May 1(1, 1711. 13mo,pp,J 

37. New London. 
Cambridge. Plalfonn of Cliurcli Discipline. 8vo. New York. RtKl 

printed by William and Andrew Bradford. 
Colmon, Benjamin. Tlio Duty and Honor of aged Women. Sermon oa ~i 

tiie Death of M:kdam Abigail Foster. IGmo, pp. 46. Boalon, 
Dean, John, Narrative of his Sufferings, Preservation and Ddiverance, 

when shipwrecked upon Boon Island, near Portsmouth, N. H., 1710. 

With a Sermon delivered at the Thursday Lecture in Boston. 8vo. 

3 cdUluni. 

Husbandman's Guide, In Four Paris. 1st. Moatlily Directions forPlanl 
ing and Sowing. 2d. Ulioice Physical Receipia for Dangeraiw tH* 
tempers in Men, Women, and Children. 3± Excellent Rec«iptB f< 
Diseases in Cattle. 4th. Useful Rules for Arithmcdc. Boston. 

HaUier, Cotton. A Sermon on Psalms xxii, 10. ISmo. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Advice from Taberah. Sermon after the Fire in Bt 
Oct. a.a, 1711. Bvo. pp. 38. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Com ixtssiuns called for. An Essay of profitable Refl< 
tioDS on Miserable Spectacles. IGmo, jip. 00. Boston. 

Mather, CotUin. The Old Patha Restored. In a brief Demonatratiol^ 
that the Doctrines of Gracij preserved in the Churches of llie Nonctin- 
formisu, are not only assert«d in the Scriptures, but in the Articles and 
Ilumilica of the Church of England. Boalon, 1711, and reprinted kt 
London, 1713, with a Preface by Will Wliislon. Bvo, pp. 25, 

Mather, Cotton. Orphanolmplilura : Or Orphans well provided few., 
Referring to tlie chUdnin of John and Abigail Foster. 13mo, pp. 

Mather, Cotton. Perauasions from the Terror of tlie Lord. Sermon 
the Day of Judgment. 16mo, pp. 38. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Winter Piety. A Sermon prcAched at the Boston Lec- 
ture, &c. pp. 33. Boston. 

Mstber, Cotton. Memorialsof Early Piety in tliu Life and Death of Hrs. 
JerushH Ulivur. 12mo. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. A Ciirialian Funeral. (? 1718.) 
S. Hiihcr'a list. Priim Mt. 

Hather, Cotton. A Soul Well Anchored. 
S. Uiittcc't 11(1. 
[ftthor. Cotton. Seasonable Thoughla on Mnrtalily. 

er, Increaae. Answer of several minislcre in and near Rostou tj 

thAl Case of Conseienec, whether it is Lawful tor a Man to Marrj' t 
Wives own Sister r 8vo. Boston. Reprinted. 



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Mather, Increase. A Discourse on Sacramental Occasions. 12mo, pp. 
200. Boston. 

Mather, Increase. An Earnest Exhortation to the Children of New Eng- 
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Mather, Increase. A Discourse concerning the Death of the Righteous. 
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pp. 29. Boston. 

3Iather, Increase. Burnings Bewailed : in a Sermon occasioned by the 
Fire in Boston, Oct. 2, 1711. 8vo, pp. 30. Boston. 

Mather, Increase. Meditations on tlie Glory of the Heavenly World. 
12mo, pp. (2), V, (1) 276, (4). Boston. 

Mather, S. Funeral Sermon for Mrs. Nathaniel Collier. 
Prince Ms. 

Morton, Nathaniel. New England's Memorial. 8vo, pp. 250. Boston. 

Pearse, Rev. Edward. The Great Concern: Or Serious Warning to a 
timely Preparation for Death. 22d Ed. 12mo, pp. 190. Boston. 

Shepard, Jeremiah. A Sort of Believers never Saved. 8vo, pp. 72. Boston. 

Thacher, Peter. Masstts. Election Sermon, 1711. 16mo, pp. 44. Boston. 

Vincent, Thomas. Explicatory Catechism; or an Explanation of the 
Assembly's Shorter Catechism. Boston. Reprinted. 

Wadsworth, Benjamin. The Faithful Reprover. Two Discourses at the 
Tluirsday Lecture. lOmo, pp. 70. Boston. 

Wadsworth, Benjamin. Assembling at the House of God. A Sennon 
Feb. 11, 1710-11. 16mo, pp. 24. Boston. 

Wadsworth, Benjamin. Sermon Oct. 7, 1711, on the Burning of the 
Meeting House, &c. 24mo. Boston. 

See 1714. 

Wadsworth, Benjamin. The Highest dwelling with the Lowest: a Lec- 
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Wadsworth, Benjamin. The Danger of Hypocrisy. A Sermon preached 
at Boston Lecture Jan. 4, 171(). l^imo, [>p. 4J3. Boston. 

Willard, Samuel. Some brief Sacramental Meditaticms, Pre|)arator}' for 
Communion at tlie great Ordinance of the Supper. Sni. 8vo. Boston. 


Almanac. Daniel Travis. Boston. 

Almanac. Thomas Kobie. Boston. 

Barnard, .Tohn. Ti»e Hazard and the Un[)rofitablen('ss of Losing a Soul 
for the sake of Gaining the World. lOmo, i)p. 54. Boston. 

Bridire, Thomas. The Mind at Ease. Sennon at the Bost(m Lecture Feb. 
io, 1711-12. lOnio. Boston. 

C'liecver, Samuel. God's Sovereign Government among the Nations 
asserted. Election Sermon. Boston May 28th. 8vo, pp. 53. Boston. 

Danforth, John. Holy Striving against Sinful Strife. 12mo. Boston. 
See Thachor, Peter. 

Danforth, John. Love and Unity Encouraged and Contention and Divi- 
si<m Dissuaded, in a Poem. Boston. Sold by Eleazer Phillips. 

DuniuMT, Jeremiah. Letter to a Nol)le Lord (!<mcerning the late Expedi- 
tion to Canada. lOmo, pp. 24. Boston. Reprinted. 

Flavel, John. Sacramental Meditations, &c. Boston. Reprinted. 

II] n; 

366 History op Printing in America. 

HoiTiB. Henry. A Sermon PreacUed at ibe Queen's CUappel In B<»Iott.>l 
upon Christmaa Day 1713. By Mr.IIairia one of the MinUterg ot Ih^" 
ssW Chappel, and Fellow of Jesus-College in Osford. 4io, pp. 14, 

King, Dr. William (Lord Bishop of Londonderry). Discourse. &C., < _ 
cerning Uie Inventions of Men in tlie Worship of God. fiiii udllioa. 
4lo, pp. iv, 88. Boston. Hejirinli'd. 

Letter from Home aired Noncunformin ir Minlatcre to tbelr Chnslii 

Friends. 4tli Ed. Preface by L Aather. 8to, pp. 79. Busto 

Mather, Collon. A Town in its Tnirat Glory, a Discoiirso wherein tfaflf 

8liitc of all our Towns ia considered. Ifliiio, pp. Q8. Boston, 
Mother, CotUin. nioughla for the Day of Ruin. In Two Esaays. IftmO, 1 

pp. 04. Boston. , 1 

Matber, Collon, Grace Defended. A Censure on UngodlineBS. With • 1 

DissertationontliePeiiitentThleton theCross. 8vo.pp.35. Boatom. 1 
Mather. Cotton. A Tnie Survey and Report of the Roud. A Lertiire 4t i 

Btialon on a Special and Mournful DecasioD. IQiiio, pp. 4G. Boalon. J 

ADoDjnmaaT ■ 

Mather, Cotton. Grata Breritas. Essay in ii Fe«' WoriLi. lOnio. pp. 30. J 

Matlier, Colton. The Yowng Man Spoken to. 

Willi the Remarkable ExiieriencM I 

M a thiir, Cotton. Repeated Warnings 

of a Youug Man. 
Mnthfr. Cotton. Pastornl Desirea, 

Matlier, Cotton. The Hard Way of Transgressors. 


Mather. Cotton. Awakening Thoughts on the Sleep of Death, with 4^ 
debt paid to the Meinon* of that Sleep in Jeaua. Preached al aM 
ThuMday Lecture Dee'- 1711. lOmo, pp. viii, 34. Boston. 

The I^Oks if a (ribnta in lbs Memni} of Un. Hmrj Hlgj^moa. 

Mather. Collon. The Fiahermuna Calling. A Brief E«iay to !. 

Great Interests of Religion among our PiaJiermeu, &c. ISmo, pp. 41 
Matlier. Cotton. Reason .Satisfied, and Faiib Establlelipil. The I... 
rection of a Glorious Jesus DenioiiBtrated liy many Infallible Pro 
&c. pp. 47. Bosion. 
Mather. Cotton. The Wayes iind Joyea of Eariy Piety. Sermon Ktl 

Boflton Lecture. ISiuo. Boston. 
Mather, Increase. Medltaiioi 

12mo, pp. 120. Boe(4>n. 
Matlier, Increase. Burnings Bewailed. A Sermon o: 
Oct. 2,1711. art Ed. lOmo, pp, 80. Boston. 
kJCaUieF, Increase. Seaaonattle Uuditutions lH>th for Wlnicrand Summer. ~ 
Ifttnti. pp. 14, 51. Coston. 
Ittber, Increase. Some Remarks on a Pretended Answer to n Brief 
• OhonufK concerning the Common Prayer Worship: with irn Ksliolt- 
I atton to the ChiinUies of New EnKland lo hold fast the 'Protte^m 
[ €*UioirFaith without Wavering. I2nii..pi),4ii, Boston. Koprintod. 
Uier, luereuse. Soul Saving GoaiivlTruihs. tn aeverul Scriuons. 9tM 
~ ' tSnio. Bosion. 

n the Bunctiflcation of the Lord's I>^, j 
Uie Fire In Boston I 

Ante-Re VOLUTION ARY Public ations. 


atlier. Increase. Wo lo Drunkards. Two Sennims TestiEying itealaat 
ilitfSinof Dninkennesa. 3dE(l. (SeelOTS.) 12mo, pp. S8. Boston. 

orjrnn, Joseph. Oospel Ordinimces. Sermon Ht the Ordination of 
Jonnthan Dickiuson. a9tb Sept. 1709. 13mo, pp. 44. New York. 
Printed by William and Andrew Bniclforct. 

smbcrton, Ebeneier. Sennonon the Dcalb of Hon. JoLin Wallcy. 4to, 
pp. 33. Boston. 

Istfomi of Church Discipline, &c, Boston. Reprinifiil 

icpard, Jeremiah. Early OtrcrinKH host acci'iiti'd ; and Early Iltipara- 

tiun the licat Security against Evil Days. ISmo. Boston. 
Btoddurd, Solomon. Those taught hy God the Father to luiow God the 

Son nre Blessed, A 9crmon at LIic Boston Lecture July 3, 1712. 8vo, 

pp. 33. Boston. 

Tb»chcr, Petw. Christ's ForgiToni'ss, &c. 13mo. Boston. 

Pifed cniulnnouilr with Ihu atiove, lo pp. 1S8, bal wlUi k eepuvl 
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Its uus, It noir 

12 mo. Boston. 
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Vadsworlh, Benjamin. Fraud and Injustice Detected, &c. Delivered at 
the Thursday I^eclure. 12mo, pp. 29. Boston. 

Wailsworth, Benjamin. The Well ordered Faniliy. The Subatance of 
Several Seruions. 12mD, pp. 131, BobU>d. 

WiUituns. John. Bishop of Cliict^ler. A Brief Discourae concerning 
the Lawfulness of worshipptnif God hy the Common Prayer. An 
AuHwcrloa book Entitled "A Brief Discourse concerning tlio Unlaw- 
fulncas of the Common Pravi'r Worship," lately printed in New 
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BuUi tbia tnct. anil Hut of IniTCBx.- Mnlhur la nliU'Ji II Ib « raplj, were piinlMl 

,. U-. ....... .__ _..... .„..,. ...... ... ....... „f puhllCBlllHJ : 

irluivd tli 

In bU M: a 

e piiiitml 11 

■«ir in Liinrt' 
[II Loiidou 

Almanac Edwnrd Holyoke. Boston. 

Llmanac. Daniel Travis. Boston. 
Umanac By a Lovur of SIiiilicnuL til's. 
nw. Daniel Leeds. New York. 

368 History of Printing in America. 

Colinun, Ronjainin. Tin; IIciiiouH nuturo of the Sin of MuhUt. A 
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IHino, pp. M. BoHton. 

Colnian, ]icnj>nnin. A Dis(^ourse of seekin^j: God early. 12ino. Boston. 

Cotton, John. Sermon i)n*H(;he(l in Sulein, HWO; to which is prefixed a 
K<'tnietion of liis former Opinion concerning Baptism. 12mo, pp. 
40. BoMton. 

Cotton, Jolm. Treatise. (1) of Faith (2) Twelve Fundamental Articles, 
(li) Con(;lusion (1) Questions and Answers on C-hurch Govemnicnt. 
I^nce Mil. 

Dooliltle, Tlumuis. Treatise con<erning tin; Lord's Supper. 25tli EiL 
Ktmo. Boston. 

Duly of l*atient Submission to Kven* Condition which the Provideno* of 
*G(k1 orders for the (.■hililren of Men. Boston. Printed by T. Fleet. 

Harris, II<*nry. S<'rmon at liosttm Aug. 15, 171IJ, at the Funeral of Giles 
Dyer, Es<i. 4lo, pp. 17. Boston. 

Her Maj<rsti<*s most ^nicious Speech to both Houses of Parliament, on 
Thursihiy the Sixteenth Day of July, 171:1. 4to, pp. 2. Boston. 
" By Order of the Ilonouruble PranciA Nlcholtion, Ewi." 

Marolltw, Louis de, the blessed Fn'ncli Martvr. An Abstract of the His- 
tory of his Sufferinp*. lOnio, pp. 28. liost<m. 

Mather. Cotton. The best way of Livin;^ to Die daily. A Discourse after 
Repeated St rok(^s of Death on his own Family. 12mo, pp. 36. Boston. 

Mather. Cotton. Hezekiah. A Christian arm<Hl with Ktn*ngtli. Sennon 
at the Bost(m LeetJire Nov. 2tJ, 17m. pp. ;j7. Boston. 
I'tiniv Ah. 

MatluT, Cotton. Sermons on the D<*ath of Mrs. ?]]i/.abeth Hiitcliinsfin, 
Mrs. Marv Uock, :ui<] Mrs. Kli/abrtli .Mather. 12mo. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. The Will of a Father siibniittnl to. A Fum?ral S<*niion. 
Hiino, pp. 40. H(»st()n. 

Mather, Cotton. An Kssay upon a Soul al Kase. X. [Ne|»enthi»s Kvaii- 
ir<"li<iiin.l Funeral Sermon f«)r Mr>. Mary U«K*k. 

S. Matlifi'- li.-t. 

Mather, Collon. Itelation of (lie Munler eonnnitted by David Walli.i nn 
hi** Companion Henj. Stolwood, with the Hev. .Messrs. Mathers :in<l 
Coleman's Sermons on his Kxeenlion. 12mo, pp. 124. l^>ston. 

Mather, Cotton. .\ Letter about (}oo<l Manai.^ement under the Di^teniiHT 
of llu- Mea>h's, al lhi> time Spreading in the C-ountry. 4to, pp. 4. 

Mather, Cotton. Col;;otlia: .\ Lively I)<'seription of Death; with Menio- 
lials of an hoi)eriil v«)nnir Man (Keeompence \Va<l.sworlh, ScIuh)!- 
mu'^lerj. PJmo, pp. 4<». Hi'ston. 

.Mather, Collon. TIm- curbed Sirnier. A Discourse o(^casioned by a 
Sentence of Death on a youni; Man lor Murder (Wailis). 12mo, pp. 
t>4. Boston. 

Mather, C<»tton. A<lversns Lilx-rlinos. Or Kvan^eli<!al Obedienct! De- 
seribetl and I)<*manded. Svo, pp. ."it). Hoston. 

Mather, Cotton. What ^houhl be m«)st thouirht upem. A Brief K'^-isiy to 
Awaken in a Dyin^.^ Man, a Proper and Lively Concern for a i^kmI 
Stale alter Death. iJ^nio, pi>. 42. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Tabiiha l{<'diviva. An Kssay on the Go<m1 Works of a 
Verinous Woman. [In UH-mory of Mrs. Klizabetii HutchiiLson.] 
lOino, pj). .><». Boston. 

Ante -Revolutionary Publications. 

Uather, Cotton. A New offer to the Lovere of ItcHgion and Learning. 
16mu, pp. 16. Bofiitin. 

Mattier, Cotton. A Mnn of hia Word: Sermon at Iho Boston Lectnre. 

8vo. BoatoD. 
Mather, Cotton. The A. B. C. of Rciision, filled to Uie Yoiingeat and 

Lowest Capacity. t2ino, pp. 43. Boston. 
Matliur, Cotton. Advice from the Watch Tuwcr. 

Mather, Cotton. TliinM more to lie thought iipim. &c. ConUtining a 
Conrutation of the Revived Arianiain. ISmo, ]ip. 103. Bmtton. 

Mather, Cotton. A Present of Bummer Fruit. IBino, pp. 29. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Wholesome Words. A Visit of Advice, Given unto 
Families That are Visited with Sicknegs ; By a Pastoral Letter, brieSy 
declaring the Duties incumbent od all Persons in the Families that 
have any Sick Persona in Uiem. ISmo, pp. 34. Boston. 

The Omneetleut BM. Sx. library ud Itae Printf Mi. glre tbs ante nt tTIS, In 8. 
SUtber'i Jlsl the date U I7D3. 

Mather, Increase. Now or Never is the lime for Men to make sure of 
Uieir Eternal Salvation. Three Sermons. Iftmo, pp. 113. B(»lan. 

f Mather, Inctcaac. A Discourse concerning faithand fervency in Prayer. 
Together with a Viadlealion of llie only true scriptural Mod« of 
standing in Binglag the Pruisos of Ood, cu. [With an Epiailu dedi- 
catory hy J. Jacob.] 8vo. Bostou. 
BrilUi Mtaaim CalalOffUt. 

Halher, Inerease, A Plain Discourse, slicwing who shall and who ahull 
not unti'r into Heaven. 12mu, pp. 113 Boston. 

Mather, Increase. A Sermon wherein is declared that the Blessed God is 
willing to be reconciled lo the Sinful Children of Men. 16nio. Boston, 
prtnisd irlUi Uie " Pliln DlecourM." 

Mather, Increase. The Believer's Gain by Death. Funeral S«!rmon at 
Boston on lib Daughter in-Law, Nov. 23, 1713. S4mo, pp. 84. Boston. 

Morgan, Joseph. The Portsmouth Disputation Eicaminedj being a briuf 
Answer to to Argimients used by the AntijKcdo-Ba]>lisls in Dr. Bus- 
Bel's Narrative of the Disputation held at Portsmouth, between some 
Baptist and Prcsbytcriau Ministei^. Small 4to, {ip. 82. New York. 
Printed anil sold by Wm. Bradford. 

Pint iirtnied In Loodan In 1(rl4. 
Reynolds, Thomas. Practical Religion excniplilted In the Lives of Mrs. 
Mary Terry and Mrs. Ctissoukl. 12mo, pp. !(W. Boston. (Reprint.) 

Bewail, Samuel. Pro|>o»al9 touching the Accomplishment of the Prophe- 
sies. 4to, pp. 15. Boston. 

Stoddard, Solomon. The Efflcienty of the of Uidl to restrain Men 
from Sin : and other Senuons. 12nio. Boston. 

Tliocher, Peter. The Perpetual Covenaol. 

370 History of Printing in America. 

The Daniel Catcher. The Lif<' «)f tlie Prophet Daniel, in a Poem. To 
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Poem. With several other Poems. By R S[teer, of Long Island.] 
Iflmo, pp. IK). 
No place. 

Wadswort h, Benjamin. The Great and Last Day of Judgiuent In Several 
Sermons. 12ino, pp. 140. Boston. (Bejirint.) 

Wadsworth, Benjamin. liestraints, 3Iercifiil and Wonderful. ISmo. 

Wadsworth, Benjamin. Sermon pn»ached in the Old Meeting 
Sept. y<), 1711, the hist iM'fore it was burnt. 24mo. Boston. 

Walter, Ni^hemiah. The Wonderfulness of Christ Several Sennons. 
12mo, pp. 240. Boston. 

Ward, Xathani<^l. The Simple Cobbler of Agawam in America. 8vo, pp. 
4, KM). Boston. 
The Fifth edition. 

Willard, Samuel. Spiritual Desertions Discoven^l and RemeiUc'L 12mo, 
pp. 100. Boston. (Ui^print.) 

Wise, John. The Chunrhes Quarrel espoused, or a Reply in Satvre to 
(certain l*roposals, «&c. l(imo, pp. 152. Printed and sold by NV'illiam 
Bradford in N. Y. 


Alnuinac [FaruKtrs.] N. W[hittcmore.] Bosttm. 
Almanae. Thomas Kobie. l^)ston. 

Almana(\ I)anl<'l Leeds. New York. 

Angi<T, Amos. Spiritual Anatomi/ing: Or a f<'w Characteristical Notes 
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Anotlirr Letter from one in th(" ('ountry to his Friend in I^>ston. [On 
IIm' (Inveruor's Salary. | 

Bank of (.'HMlit. A Projection for Krcetiug one in Boston X. E. founded 
on Land Security. lOino, j)p. 22. Boston. 

Bank of Credit. .\ .Moih'l f«)r en'<tin;r one: with a Discourse? in Kxpla- 
nalion thereof. lOnio, pp. :H). lioston. Keprinted. 

Barn.'ird, .lolm. The Ciiri>ti}iirs Behaviour under Bj-reavenu-nts. Two 
S<rnionsat I)r .Maliier's CInirclj, Nov. 21Mh, ITKi; in the Tinu' oi the 
>IeMsh>. KJnio, pp. 70. Boston. 

Barnanl, John. Sermon on tin.' Death of Joim Atwood. Ifhno, p^). 30. 

Burrell, .Iosei)h. Vindication of tlie Bank of Credit projected in Boston 
from the Asp<T.>ions of Paul l)u<liey, Escj. Kinio. Boston. 

Chalkl* y, jThonias. I Forcing a inaintenance not warrantable, cVc. An- 
swer to .Io«>epli NLlciiJfe. 
I'll lilt Ms. 'V\\\' autlior \va« u (^uak«.r prj-ucher. 

Colinan, Bt-njiunin. Funeral Sennon on Mrs. Elizabeth Wainwrighl. 
^<vo, j»p. •>!. Lofton. 

('onnecticiit. Proilaniation fora (rcnenil Fast ((iov. Salt<mstalls). 24lh 
AM', 1714. 


Danforlli, Samuel. Election Sermon, .May 2<)th, 1714. lOmo, pp. :JH. 

Dudley, Paul. Olijecilnns to tin- HaiiU of Credit lately projecte*! at Bos- 
ton. In a LtiHr to .lolm Bunill, IN<|., Spe.iker of the of 
Kcpresenlative>. 12mo, pp. :{2. Boston. 

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Flynt, Hcnrv- DMtrine of the Last Judgment Asserted anil EniilHined. 

Id Iwii Discourses. 4U>, pp. (3). 38. Boatoo. 
Gil>bs. H[enrj-.] Bethany; Or the House of Mourning. 

Hepburn, John. The AineiiCAn Defence of the Christian Golden Rule. 

Prina CalaloTU. 
Letter from one In Boston to his Priend in the Country relnting to the 
Bank of Credit. In Auswer to a Lellcr lo John BurriJl, Esq. Iflmo, 
pp. ^. Boston. 
Si^ed F- — 1 B— t. 
Lynde, Sumuel & Otlien. A Vindicnlion of the Bank of Credit projected 
in Huston, from the Aspersions of P«iil Dudley, Esq. 16mo, pp. 20. 

Ha^achuseile Bay. Charter granted lo the Province bv William and 
Mary. With Acts und ian-s of Said Province. Folio, pp. 13, vi.aSO. 

Uatber, CotUrn. Tlie Rclijrioo of the Cross, A Funeral Sermon upon 
the D<»lh of his Wife, Ura. Eliziibeth Mather. IQmo, pp. 48. Boston. 

Hatlter, Cotton. AHonitor.forCnmmunicants. An Essay toExcileand 
Assist Iteligioue Apiiroacbes to the Tabic of the Lord. Offered by an 
Anaenibly of New Engliind Pastors unto tLelr own Flitcks, and unto 
alt the Churches in the American Colonies. ISmo, pp. 32. Boston. 

Hather, Cotton. DeAth approaching, 

S. Maibcr't lint. 
Uatber, Cotton. The Glorious Throne. A ^nnon on the .Vcceasion of 
George I. 16ino. pp. a?. Bt)Ston. 

Mather, Cotton. Dnodocenninni Lnctuosum. History of tlie War with 

the Indtiuis, from the year 1702 lo 1714. 8vo, pp. 28. Boston. 
Mather, Cotton. Family Religion Excited and Assisted. Translated into 

the Indian Language. lUmo, pp. 30. Boston. 
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Comfort and Counsel of many who encounter those QricvoOH Things 

for which there is no Remedy but Patience. 34mo, pp. 48. Boston. 
Mather, Cotton. A Life of I^cty resolved on. Essay on the Death of Mrs. 

Barali Ting. Dec. 28, 1713. l6mo, pp. 34. Boston. 
Hnther, Cotton. Maternal Consoliitions. Un the Death of Mis. Maria 

Mather. Cotton. Verba Vivilica. Some Words of Life, produced by the 

death of Some Young Persons. 

S, HalDei'a llaL. 

Mtiilier, Chiton. Vita Brevis. An E'way ujion withering Flowers. 

S. MMlur-a tlat. 
MiitUer, Cotton. The Sacrificer. 

8. MuluKi UeI. 
Mstber, Cotton. A Short Lite, yet not a Vain One. 

8. llBlliBr's list. 

Mather, Cotton. Verba 0|inorti 
sidered, with fresh ineulcalii 
B. IhUier't lltl. 

IM2 History of Printing in America. 

MMthrr, InrrriiHp. Lrt thn VVilI(»f tho I^ml bcMlono. A Funeral ScTraon 
upon \\\v <l«'iilli of i\U w'lUi Mrs. Maria Maihor. With a Preface 
.HtMn^KHcil Id liiH Children. IGiiio, pp. vi, 40. Boston. 

Mtvxiy, Siinnii'l. .IikIhm liiing up in Chains. Discourse at York (Mc.) 
Khuo, pp. H4. HoHton. 

Novov, Sjinnu'l. A Sliort Cat<jcliism for the use of the Children in New- 
hurv. Ht»Hton. 

Oriiiii\ of lh«» \Vhalr-])on<? fMitticoat. A Satyr. (In Verse.) 8vo, pp. 8. 
Boston. Au>ruKt 2(1, 1714. 

ronnMlvani;!. Lhwh of. Folio, pp. 184. Piiiladelphia. Printed by 
Aiuhvw Hradlbnl. 

Sii>«M:inl. Solomon. A Guid<< to Christ. 12mo, pp. 108. Boston. 

\V}»iN\vorth. Brnjamin. An Help to gi»t Kno\vh*<l^e: Or an Rssay to cx- 
pbun xUv AsHfinbly's C'alcchisni. 12nio, pp. 1*0. Boston. 

\\ A^Nworth. Brnjamin. Christian Advice to the Sick and Well. 12niOf 
pp. UK. Boston. 

W r^tJvworth. Brujainin. Five Sormons. The 1st. S<,»pt. 30, 1711— the 
li^t in ihr Old .Mrt'tin^^ IIousi\ burne<l CKl. 2d, 1711. The2d. Oct. 7, 
',\\* Suuvlav aft«T th«* Fin*. Tho 'M. Di'C. 18, on a Fast ocrasiontil hv 
:ho Bmnini;. Tlic 4th. MayHd, 17i:J — the first in the Brick Meetini 
V..';;m* Th«' 5th. Nov. 12, *17i:}, Thanks-^ivinir Semion for :i New 
Mivtiuj: IltMiM'. With Some account of the Fire. 12ino, pp. 108. 

A^ *::<. Ki:u\ [tlie Vi-iit>n of.] 12mo. Pliiladt>lphi.*\. Reprinte<l. • 

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' J. „-. .'.ii 22d. 171"). 

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Sermon. Boston. 
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•W edition. 
Prina Mt. 

ColmuD, Benjamin. Scrraon on Ibo Death of ilie Hon. Isaac Addinglon. 
Colman, Benjamin. A Hunitile DiscomBe on tiie IncompreliensibleneaB of 

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Harincr'a Divine Hate. IQmo, pp. 8U. Boston. . 

Ualher, Cotton. A Monitor for the Children of the Covenant. For 

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.Ifatber, Collon. Juet CommcmonitionB. The Death of good mi>n con- 
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II] AT. 


History of Priktikg in America. 

MbIIut, Collnii. A Sorrowful Spcclaclc. Two Semiooa on the Exrui 
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Tba M Siriaun le Colmui'e ■' Divine CompueloDt." 
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ScvemI Sermons. With a character of Thomas Bridge. 13ino, i^. 

126. Bob ton. 
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Prince 111. 

Ill, May 12. 1715. 16nio, pp. 

Noycs, N<tbol8B. Poetn an the Dealli of Joseph Green. 

Psalma, Hymns and Spiritual Songs of ihe New and Old Teelamenf, 
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England. The Sixleenlh Edition. 24mo, pp. 378, 4. Boston. 

Thompson, Edward. Heaven the Best Country, MeditAtlons and DUK 

courses. 3d edition. IBuio, pp. 64. Boalon, 
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Wadsworlh, Benja 

Two Stain ons. 
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Bth e^tlou. 
Wise, John. The Churches Quarrel Espoused : or a licply in Baiyr* tt. 

certain Proposals made in Answer to Ilila Question. What fiiriha 

steps are b) be taken that the Councils may have due Conaiitatlai 

and Efficacy in supporting, preserving, and well ordering the Intera^^^ 

of lUe Cbumies in Uie Councils. !id Ed. Hvo, pp. 130. Iloatan. 

Almanac. Daniel Travia. Boston. 
Almanac. Thiimns Robie. Boston. 

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Baubs. Some Conaideralions oq the Several Surla of Banks. 

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Ante-Kevolutionart Publications. 375 

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March 23. 16mo, i)|i. 33. Boston. 
Colainn, Bei^amin. The Warnings of God unto young People. Sermon 

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Cooper's Confcasion of Failii. 10mo, pp. 40, (34.) Boston. 

Cotman. Bcnjnmin. Sermon for the Rofomiullon of Hannere. lOnio, 

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pp. 33 Boston. 
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Cooper, William. Jabez'sCharacterandPniyer. Strroon to Young Men, 

Aug. 21, 1715. 8vo, pp. 24. Boston. 
DaDforth, John. Judgment begun at the House of God : and the Right- 
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Dickinson, J. Remarks npon Mr. Gale's Refleetiona on Wall's History of 

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Hr. Brinlej. FHna Mt. 
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pp. 30 & 30. BosUit. 
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grace. l3mo, pp. 33. Boston. 
Pilnce In bti Jf*. tut ayt •• By Mr Warham Mmbvr." 

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Uaiher, Cotton. Sermon on the Death of Mrs. Mehitahlc Oerrish. 16mo. 

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Mather. Cotton. Ftur Dealing between Debtor nod Creditor. Lecture 
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376 HisTORT OF Printing in America. 

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Mather, Cotton. The Resort of Piety. 

8. Mather*! liit. 

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Mather, Incruise. Prayers of the Righteous. 12mo, pp. 100. Boston. 

New Book for Children. [A Quaker PrinitT.] 8vo, )>p. 94. Boston. 

JYince M». 

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Bewail, JoKf>pli I)i*Hiri*8 that JoshuaV Resolution may be revived.* An 
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Almanac. Dauiel Travis. Boslou. 

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AlniBDac. TlioDiBa Robie. Boston. 

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8vo. New London. 
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Bvo, pp 42. Boston. 
Baxter, Richard. Call to the Unconverted. Boston, Reprinted. 
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Catalogue of Curious and Valuable Bnoks Belonging to the late Reverend 

and Learned Mr. Ebenezer Pemberton, &c., lo be Sold by Auciltiu 

July 3d, 1717. ISnio, pp. 28. Boston. 
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Henry, Malbew. D^ly Communion with God, In Three Discourses. 
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Henry, Halhew. A Plain Catechism for Cbildrcn. Added, anollier for 
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Eelth. James, and Danfortb, Ssniuel. Bridgewalei's Monitor. Two Ser- 
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378 History of Printing in America. 

Loe, Thomas. A Divine Disconree, representing the Soal of a Bellerer 
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Matlier, Cotton. Hades looked hito. Tlie Power of our Saviour over Uie 
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IGmo, pp. 48. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. The Valley of Baca. The Divine Sov'relgnty displayed 
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(4) 28. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Iconoclastcs. An Essay upon the Idolatiy too often 
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danger of. lOmo, pp. 87. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Piety and Equity United. In two Essays. 16mo, pp. 
42. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Raphael. The Blessings of an Healed Soul. 

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See Wftdtworth, Benjamin. 

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Mather, Cotton. The ThankAil Christian. A Brief Essay upon Thank- 
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Miitlicr, Cotton. Tlie Valley of Jlinnoni. The Terrours of Hell demon- 
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a Man (JtTemiiih Fenwiok) under St-nlenccot Death for Murder, Boston 
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Mather, Cotton. Shinwreok of above an Ilundnnl Piratiw on Cape Crnl ; 
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IHnio, pp. 04. BoHton. 

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Mather, Cotton. The Voice of the Dove. With Memoirs of Mr. Rolx^rt 
Probably a Student at Ilarv. Coll. who died Sept. 90, 1716. 

Matlier, ('otton. Febrifugiuni. An Essay lor the cure of unginlly Anger. 

S. Mather'H Wti. 

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S. Mathur'H lint. 

New Jersey. The Laws and Acts of the G<'nenil Assembly of his Majesty's 
Province ol', iis they wiwv. (jnaeted by the Governor, Council, and 
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which bc;ran in November, 1703. New York. Printed and sold by 
William Bradford. 

New Jersey. Proposals for Trade and Commerce. 4to. 

Peter, Ww^Xx. A DyinjL? Father's Ije«^acy to an only child. 12mo, pp. 02. 

Ante- Revolution ART Publications. 379 

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[ Prina Mt. 

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pp. 48. Bos ion. 
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12mo, pp. 3S. Boston. 
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pp. 118. Boston. 
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Synod. A Pktfonn of Ciiurili Dist^ipiine agreed upon by the Synod at 

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Wadsworih, Benjamin. Twelve Sermons on varioua Sulijecls tending to 

promote Godliucss and quieken persons to walk in the Way ofSalYa- 

tion. 12mo, pp. 258. Bobton. 
Wadsworth, Benjamin. The Cburcliea bIihII know tlial Christ searclieth 

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The flrtl Knaoa In Ihe New MeoHog Hou»e [n Snnuder Btreel. 
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Wadsworth, Benjamin. Acquaintance with God. 


[leaworlh. Michael. Meat out of the Eater. Stb £d. 24mo,pp. U4. 

Sec IffiV and ITOS. 

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Gospel. 12ino, pp. 200. Boston. 
Williams. William. Hermon at the Ordination of Rev. Stephen Williams 

in Springfield, Oct. 17, 1710. 8vo. pp. 25. Boston. 
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England Churches. 12nio, pp. ISO. Boston. 

Almanac. Dtiniel Travis. Boston, 
Almanac Tiionios Paine. Boston. 
Almanac N. Whittemnre. Boston. 
Baily, LewU. The Practice of Piety. 13mo. Bcwton. 
Baxter, Joseph. Discourse on the Death of John Wults, Esn. IGmo, pp. 

34. BmU>o. 
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Rev. Daniel Uookin, and Rev. Josliua Moody. Boston. Printed for 

&im'l Gerriah, 
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Estobroalc, Samuel. Connecticut Election Senuon. 13mo, pp. 20. New 

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History of Printing in America. 

Jnaewny, Jooica. Token for Children. ISmo, pp. 140, BoaWn. R&- 

printed for T. Ilancock. 
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Boston. Reprinted. 
Man's whole Duty and Directions for n Holy Life. 12nio, pp. 88. Boston. 
Matlier, Cotton, Psallerium Americanum. The Book of Psalms. In a 

TmnslatLOQ exactly conformable unto the Original ; but all In Blank 

Verse; liHeduntotheTnncgcommonlyuBedinoiirChurcbea. Wliere- 

unio are added some other Portions of Scripture to enrich ilie Ciitt- 

tional. Small 8vo, pp. xxsti, 42fl. Boston. 
Mather, Cotton. Early Piety cxeraplitied In Elizabeth Butcher of Boston, 

nho was bora July Utb, ITOS, and died June 13lh, 1718, being JuatS 

years and 1 1 months old. 4tL edition. Boston. 
Mather, Cotton. Fnith Encouraged. A Brief Relation of a Strange 

impreBsion from HMveiioti Uie Minds uf some Jewisli Children at the 

City of Beriln. I8mo. Boston. 
Mather, Cotton. The Oljedieiit Sufferer. 13mo, pp. 42. Bustoa. 
Mather, Cotton. A Han of Reason. Sermon on Job, xiii, 6. 13mo, ppi ] 

84. Boston, 
Mather, Cotton. Brethren dwelling together in Unity. Sermon a 

Ordination of a Baptist Minister. (EJishaCallender.) (Running Title, 1 

"Goud Men United."] 13iiio. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Letter on the Character ot the Inhabitants of Nunr Eng- 
land, and of Col, Shute, their Governor, Nov. -i, 1718, 1 sheet Fol, 
Dsr>. Coll. Ub. 

Hailier. Increase. A Sermon, wherein is shewed ; 1 That Ministers of the 
Gimpel need and oughl to desire the prayers of the Lord's People; 11 
That the People of God ought to pray for his Ministers. At the Ordi- 
nation of Mr. Thomas Walter, Oct. 29, 1718. 8vo,pp. ii,35. BoetoD. 

Mather, Increase. Pruclical Truths, plainly delivered. To which la ndded 
a Bcrmoii at the Onlinatlun of Nathaniel Applelon, ISmo, pp. (3) \ 

Hstber, Increase. Sermons wherein those Eight Characters of tlie Blesstd) I 
commonly called the Beatitudes, are opened and applied, In Fift«aB I 
Discourses, To which is added a Sermon concernhig assiirnnce of Ilia ^ 
Love ot Christ. Small 8vo, pp. aOO, Boston. ' 


iilnu ft Ihe aulliar, which Ib pcrlu|ia ibe Bm ihlns I 

Ante-Revolutionary Publications. 381 

r Jersey. Proposals for Trafflck and Commerce, or Foreign Tnide in, 
In answer to kliai iipbmidiog question, why should noi Wt have Trade, 
as all other tlie Plantations. Coliei^ted from tlie papers of A, and B., 
D. N., A. P„ P. and O. H. W., and others. And liumbly presented 
to the Qeoenil Assembly. By Amicus Patrlee. 4ta, pp. 2i. 
Femberton, Ehcnezer. Sermon previous to the Ordination of Josepii 
Sewall. 8to, pp. 42. Boston. 

Prince, Thomas. Sermon at his own Ordination, Oct 1, 1718. 8vo, pp. 
76. Boston. 
With Lbs C3uirgt. by incrcAto Mather. 

Bewail, Josepb. A Caveat against Covctousneas. A Sermon Feb. 30, 

17iJ. 8vo, pp. 33. Boston. 
Stoddard, Solomon. GxamlniLtlun of the Power or the Fraternity. 16mi), 

pp. 16, Boston. 
Stoddard, Solomon. Sermon al the OrdioatioD of Rev. Josepb Willard, 

Birampfleld. Jan. 1, 1717-18. (With an Examination of tlie Power of 

the Fraternity by the same author.) 16ruo, pp. 39, IB. Boston. 
Stoddard, Solomon. Sermnn at Brookfield at the Ordinntion of I'homas 

Cheney. ISmo, pp. 25. Boston. 
StoDe, [Nathaniel]. The Way to attain to Glory by Inheritance. 8»o, pp. 

93. Boston. 
The Greatest Concern in the World. A Short and Plain Essay to Answer 

that Host Concerning and All Con(;eruing Enquiry, Whiit must 1 

do to be Bave<l? 4to, pp. 33. New London. 
Wadawortn, Benjamin. Sennoa at the Boston Lecture Oct. 1«, 1718. 

13mo, pp. 36. Boston. 
IFodswortli, Benjamin. Sermon at the Boston Lecture Nov. 37, 17IS. 

13mo. Boston. 
Wadflworth. Benjamin. Sermon on Death, at Boston, Not. 3, 1718. 
Webb, John. The Young Man's Duty. Sermon. 8vo, pp. 33. Boston. 
Wilkins, John. A Discourse concerning the Bt^auty of Providence. Bos- 
ton. Sold by B. Eliot. 

AlmBBac. Daniel Travis, Boston. 
Almanac. N. Whitteraore. Boston. 
Almanac. Thomas Paine. Boston. 
American Weekly M(-rcury{The). First Newspnpfiriii 

Iwiiied Dec. ^,1710. 'UalfSlieet. Philadelphia. 


DIscoDtlDDed Knn tttei 1740, 

Bernard, Richard. The Isle of Man: or the Legal Proceeding in Man- 
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Boston Gazette, (The). Second Newspaper in Brilisli America. No. I, 
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'• The New England Wenkly Journal," and the Utiealterfd to " The Bos- 
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Mil 1733. Succeeded in 1753 by "The Boston Gazelle, or Weekly 
It] 48 

382 History of Printing in America. 

BoBlon, A YladicatJOD of tlie Cburch (New Nortli} from nn Aci^Jant ol 
tUi! RcHSDDs why a member of Ike CougregaliuTi could ntil cunscnt lo^ 
Peter Thaelier's OrdinalioD ibere 8vo, pp. 2, U. Boslon. 

Boyd, Willifvm (of Irelmid). God's Way Hie Beat Way. Sermon n 
Lecture in Boston. Willi an Accmiul of the AuLlior, liy Dr. lucre) 
Malker. 12mo, pp. 22. Boston. 

Butcher, EliMtwlh. Early Piety exemplified in Elixabelh Butcher ; 
BoslOD, wlio (lied June 13, IT18. 
A 4Ui edItluD H'u prinLed in Hit. 

Clicckley, John. Itcl^un of Jesus Christ llie only True Religioi: . . 
Short iind Easy Melliod willi Uie Deists, &c In a Letter to a Friei 
?lh Ei). 8vi), pp. 31. Boston. 
A reprlDlorChAilea LhUc'i Bhort and iQute Mellud. Al. Brtl publlthed In 

ColniaD, . Some Reasons and Argiuiienls offered lo tlie Good Peoplel 

Boston, &c. for the MMting up Marlietfl in Boston. l2mo, pp. f 

Cooke. Glislia, 2d. Letter to Mr. Speaker Burrill and Mr. Briilgcr. 

Foxcrol^, Tliomas. CIcanaiug our Way in Youth pressed. A Discourae. 
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Bodder, James. Hoildcr's AriUimetic; or tliat uecesaary Art made rooet 
CBsy : being explained in a way faiuiiiar lo the Capufily of any that 
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Henry Hose, lute Servant and (Successor to the Author. Itlmu, ppw 
2 IS. Boston. 
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Jenlts, Joseph. A Reply to the Principal Areutneute conlttincd in a 

Entllled, "The Bapliem of the Hoiy Spirit without Elementary Wati 

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Maryland. Laws of the Colony of, containing lliose in Force in the B 
ofthe Year 1718. With an Indejt. Fol, Pldladelpliia, Prinledbj 
Andrew Bradfurd. 

HaBsachuBctlB. Present Melancholy Cireumslances of tlie Province CM 
aidereii and Methods lor Redress humlily [iropoMsl. In a Letter G 
one in the Country to one in Boston. ISuio, pp. 16. Bostm 

irThoughls lor a Birlhdny, Klnio, j» 

Ante-Revolutioxart Publications. 


Huthcr. Cotlon. Vigiliua. Or The Awakener. A Brief Esaay to rebuke 

tlie Natural and ilie Moral Sleep. 8vo, pp. 14, BostoD. 
Valher. Cotton. Concio ad Popiilam. A distressed people entertained 
Willi Proposala for the Relief of llieir DlstrcBses. Sermon before the 
GoTcrnor and General Asserahly, Msrch 13, 1718-19. Svo. 

pthor. Cotton. Deaiilerius ; or a Desireqble Man deacribuil. Commenio- 
ralive of Mr. Jautes Keilh. I3mo, pp. 34. Boslon. 
■Mather, Collon. A New Year wull begun. An Essay offered 

Tear's Day. lUmo, pp. 39. BosUm. 
Slatber, Ootton. Duty of Children whose Piircnts have prayed for them. 

2dBd. 13mo. Boslon. 
Knlher, Cotton. Tito Itcligion of an Oath. Plain Directions how the 
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lfalllr^^, Cotlon. Mlrabilia Del. Seasonable and Remaricable int«rposi- 
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and Assembly Nov. S, IT19. 16mo, i>p. 34. Boston, 
leather, Cotton, The Tryed Professor. A Very Brief Essay lo Detect and 
Prevt-nt Hypocrisy, and make sure of Sincerity in the Profession of 
Keligion. 6vo, pp. 10. Boston. 
3Ialher, Cotton. A Glorious Espousal. A Brief Essay to Illustrate nod 
Prosficule the Marriage wherein our Great Saviour offers to Espouse 
unto himself the Children of Men. (A Marriage Essay.) lOmo, pp. 
46. Boston. 
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3. SaibM-s ll>l. 
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8. Ihthcr's Ijal. 
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B. Halher-i I1b(. 
Xatlier, Cotton. Account of an uncommon appearance in the Heavens. 

S. leather's llBL. 
Mather, Cotton. Sincere Piety described, and tt: 

) Trial of Sincerity assisted. 

s. jBJuner'ft j])4L. 

Knther, Increase. Five Sermons on several Subjects; and among them a 
Binii Day Sermon preached on the Day when the Autiior attainwl to 
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Mather, Increase. The Duly of Parents to Pray for their Children. 
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umtlnanntlr with this, tanl vltb * neponle title, la C. Halhsr's " DuCg itf 


Mather, Sinmucll. Discourse on the Godhead of the Holy Ghost ; against 
Dr. cWke. 

New York. Lows of the Colony of, from April 9, 1601. Fol. New York. 

Wm. Bradford. 
Hew York. By order of tlie Government. A Tract containing throe 

Clansi>s of an Act of Parliament relating to Pilch and Tar made in 

Uie Plantations. Printed by William Bradford. 
BiiL aaq.. V. 341. 

384 History of Printing in America. 

Prince, Tlioinns. An Account of a Strange Appcamncc in Uic ITeavens 
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in Suffolk in England. 12nio, pp. 13. Boston. 

Uliode Island. The Charter Granted to the Colony by Charles 11. FoL 

Uohie, Thomas. Letter on the wonderful Meteor Dcrjr. 11, 1710. 

Songs for the Nursery. Or Mother (^roose^s Melodies for Children. BoAton. 
T. Flei't. 
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Stoddard, Solomon. Nature of Saving Conversi(m,and the Way wlicrein 
it is Wrought. 12mo, pp. 150. IJoston. 

Symmes, Thonuis. Monitor for delaying Sinners. 
7Viw<v JU$. 

Wadsworth, Benjamin. Some C<onsidenitions about Baptism. A Diulogue 
l)etwe(^n a Atinisterand his Neighbour. 12mo, pp. 80. Boston. 

Wadsworth, B(>njamin. The (Jospel not Opposed, but by the Devil and 
Men's Lust,s. Boston LeiMurct Jan. H, 171H-1J). 12mo, pp. 46. Boston. 

Wadsworth, Benjamin. Vicious ('ourses, Procuring Poverty. Lecture 
Sermon Feb. IJKh, 1718-19. 12mo, pp. 33. Boston. 

Wadsworth, Benjamin. Benefit,s of a Good, and Mischiefs of an Evil Om- 
s('ieu(x\ 14 Sermons. HImo. lioston. 

Wadsworth, B(>njamin. An Rssay on the Decalogue. 12mo. Boston. 

Wadsworth, Benjamin. Advic^e to Children. Boston. 
Atlvcrtlw-'d ill Jtoitt. XeicM Ltfttr AprU 27, 1719. 

Watts, Isjuur. Divine Songs in Language, for the Use of Children, 
lioston. H('print(rd. 

WiHiam.»*, William. Elect ion Sermon at li<JSlon, 1719. l6mo,pp.42. Boston. 


Adams, Kliplialcl. Smmui at Stoinnirton on the Death of Kev. Jame^ 
N<>y«s. I'Jmo, pp. U'k N«'W London. 

Awakrniiii: Soul-savin;; Truths, plainly (h'livcn-d in several Sermons from 
jMatlli. 'J-J, 11. Hnsioii. 

Almanac. Daiiirl Travis. Hnston. 

.Mnianac. N, NVhiHi'UHjrc Hd^itdn. 

l>ail<'V, Nathan. ljii;:li>li aiul Latine K\<*ni'^c> for Sehoollioys; comprising' 
all lii«^ Uulrs nf S\ ntaxis, 5th Kd. IThuo. I^)slon. 

Ha\l<T, Kichard. Call to ilic rncunvertcd. 12mo. Boston. Heprintnl. 

Blair, Thomas. Sonn* Short and Kasy Kidcs, teaehing the true Pronuii- 
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Brattle, Thomas, and Tut hill, Zcchariah. Their Depositions alwmt IJ. 
( Jrccn's rcliising to print a pamphlet entitled " Gospel Order Uevivwl." 
tto. lioston. 

Chceklcy, John. Choice Dialogues, between a Godly Minister and an 
Honest. Countryman, eomerning Klection and Predestination. lOmo, 
])]», vii, 47. Bost<»n. 

S.ri! 1711. 

Choice Dialogues betw<'en .John Faiislus, a Conjurer, and John Tory his 
Friend; occasioned by .some (.'hoi(!e Dialogues lately pub1l8ht*d on 
i'reilestination. By a young Stripling. (Thomas Walter.) 16inu, pp. 
;;j. Boston. 

•• ••• ,», 

Ante-Revolutionary Publications. 


■lOoItnBn, Benjamin. Osaa Joseph!. Sermon on the Deatli of Governor 

Dudley. 12mo, pp. 48. BoHton. 
i Colman, Benjamin. Earlj Fiety ag&in inculcated. A Bermon to a Society 

of Young Men. l3roo, pp. 36. Boston. 
Colman, Beniamin. (?) Vindication of tlio New North Church in BoBlon. 

Colmait, John. The Distressed State nt the Town of Boston Conddered ; 

In a Letter from a Gentleman in the Town to bis Friend in the Country. 

12mo, pp. 10. BciBlon. 
Colman, Johii. The DiatrciBed Stale of the Town of Boston once more 

conudcred. Propoeioj; a Bauk. 12mo, pp. 22. Boston. 

'Oolman, John. A Letter from a Gentleman containing some Remarks 

Son the Answers Lo Mr. C's Distressed State of the Town of Boston, 
no, pp. 15. Boston. 

Colman, John. Vindication of tlie Remarks of One in the Country upon 

tlie Distressed State of Boston from some exceptions In a Lettu' to 

Mr. Colman. 13mo. Boston. 
Cook, Ellsha. Just and Seasonable Vindlcalion, respectlnj^ some Affairs 

transacted in a late General Assembly at Boston 1720. Svouud I3nio, 

pp. 38. (Two Editions.) Boston. 
Cook. Elisha. (?) Reflections upon Reflections: Or more News from 

Robinson Cruaoes Island. 

Cooper, William. Sermon on the Death of John Gore, Nov. 7, 1720. 
Appeadis by B. Coliuaa. 8vo, pp. 33, 0. Boston. 

Cotler. Timothy. Sermon before the General Assembly of Connecticut 
Oct. 18, 1719. 18mo, pp. 38. New London. 

Dunton, John. A Hue and Cry after Conscience. Or the Pilgrims Pro- 
gress by Candle Light, in Seareh after Uonesty and Plain Dealing, 
represented under the similarity of a Dream, &c. pp. L^l. Boston. 

!lsvel, John. Keeping the Heart. 16mo, pp. 200, S. Boston. 

Foicroft, Tliomas. A Discourse concerning Kindness. Feb. 38,1710-20. 
16m o, pp. 30. Boston. 

Poxcroft. Thomas. C) Funeral Sermon on Elder John Loring. 

Gray, Andrew (of Glasgow). The Splriluul Warfare, &a. 13mo, pp. 140. 

imes, William. On Public Reading of ilie Scriptures. A Discourse 

delivered alTisbury, Aug. 13, 1710. Dedicnled lo Hon. Judge Sewn]]. 

lemo, pp. 33. Boston. 
Hosmer, Stephen. Cunnecticui Election Sermon May 13, 1720. pp. 41. 

Independent Whig(The). 4lo, p|i. 337. Pliiliulelphia. Printed and sold 
by Samuel Eeimer. 
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Sa Culmui, J. 

386 History op Printing in America, 

Letter to n certain Gentleman desiring a particular Account may be given 
of a Wonilerftil Meteor tliat appeared in New England on Dec 11, 
1710, in the Evening. Boston. 

L(;tter to a Fri(?nd against Gaming for money. 

Prince Mh. 

Letter to an Eminent Clergyman in tlie ^lassaclmsetts Bay; containini; 
some Just liemarl^s and needful (Cautions relating to Publick Atfaira 
in that Province. lOmo, pp. 1!^ BosUm. 

Lewes, Danh'l. Sermon at Plymouth Nov. 2. 1730, at the ordination of 
Ucv. Joseph Stacy. Preface by Rev. Ephraim Little. 8vo, pp. ;J2. 


Loring, John. Discourse occasioned by the D(^ath of Mr. Jolin Loring. 
12mo, pp. 4.*3. J^oston. 

Mather, Azariah. Wo to Sleepy Sinners. 12mo, pp. 29. New London. 

Mather, ( 'otton. A Year and a Lifd^ well Concluded. Sermon on the la.«l 
I)ay of the Year 171U. 12mo, pj). 24. Boston. 

Mather, ( •ottou. The Right Way to shake off a Viper. An Essay u|M>n 
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Increase Mather. l2mo, pp. 40. Boston. 
Firtit printuil in London in 1711. 

Mather, ('otton. C<di<'h'th. A Soul upon Recolh'clion cimiing intoincon- 
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Mather, (^)tton. Delur Digniori. The Righteous Man dtiicrilxxl and 
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Mather, Cotton. Tin? Qiiiekened Soul. A Short and Plain Essuy uiK)n 
tjje Witheretl llan<l revive<l and restonrd. lOmo. pp. ijO. BoMon. 

Mather, Cotton. Family Keligion KxcitcMland Assisted. rhe4th Impres- 
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Mather, Cotton, rndouiited CtTtainties. Sermon on the Death of Mrs. 
Ahiijail Sewall. lliino, pp. 2H. Boston. 

Matln*r, Cotton. A Brother.^ Duty. An Kssay on every man his Brothers 
S. .MjUIht'm HhI. 

Mather, Cotton. The Christian Philosoplier. 
S. MailKT^ li-t. 

Mather, Cotton. American Sentiments on the Arian Controversy. 

S. M:iih<'r"- ll-t . 

Mather, Increase. A Seasonalde Testimony to good Order in the New 
I'jiirland ("hurehes. jfJnio, pp. 20. Boston. 
Wirli tin; (.(HicnrnMn'c of otln-r Minir-irr** of the (tonpel in BoKton. 

Mather, Increase. A\vaU<"nini:-Soul-Saving Truths Plainly DcllYcrod. In 
S<veral S«rnions. Bost(»n. 

Mather, ln('rea>:<'. Further Testimony again.stthe Scandalous Frocaediogi 

ot'tlie New North Chnreli. 

Matson, Nailiani«'l. The Case of, against Nathaniel Thomas, 
tract ot land in Mar^liticM. Argimientsand Putitionfl to the 
Court tnr the Counties of Plymouth and Barnstable. 4lO|(l 

printer. ) 

Ante- Revolution ART Publications. 387 

JKajliew, Eiperieoce. Discourse At Boaton. Nov. 28, 1718. Willi an 
Account ofibe Indiana on Martha's Vineyard, &c., from ISM to 1720. 
16mo. pp. S4, 13. Boaton. 

Hew News from Robinson Cruso'a Mand, in a Letter to a Genilemnn at 
Ponsmontli. ISrao, pp. 8. 

Nopliworprinler: bnl probablr printed ■! Boslon. 
The iibovo It reftrred to (o FkU'« Man, OurrtHcv. p. T?. 

ITewB from Uie Moon. A Review of the State of the British Nation, Vol. 

7, Namb. 14, page G3. 16nio, pp. 8. Boston. 
Hew York Cilv. Cliarter, Laws and Ordinances of. Fol., pp. 36. New 

Turk. VTilliam Bradford. 


Paine, Thomas. Sermon at liis own Ordination at WcymoulL, Mnsa,, 

Aug. 19, 1710. 8vo, pp. 43. Boston. 
Penn, William. Advice lo his Children. Pliiladelphia. Reprinted from 

the 6tli London Ed. 
PbannacopGeia Londoncnsis. 8vo, pp. 850. Boston. Reprinted. 

Sevsnl EdllloDB prinled titer 171 T. 
Fbilomela; with the Notes fur morning Prayer. 13mo, pp. 110. fioaton. 
Preface to an Addition to the Westminster Cunfe&^ion, i&c., being a foil 

and parlicukr aeconnl of all the Ends and UaeB of Creeds and Con- 

feaslons of Faith, &c. Boaton. 
Project for the emiesiun of a Hundred Thousand Pounds in Province Bills. 

Sefledions on the Present State of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

in OeneraJ, and the Town of Boston in Parliculur. Relating to Bills 

ofCrtdit. I2mo, pp. 2S. Boston. 
Bcmarks on a late Paiupblet entitled Soiue Considerations, &c. 


Rogers, John. Tbe Book of Revelation of Jesus Clirist, And now by 
Revelation Ood bath opened the Mystery coutaiocd in said Book unto 
bis Servant John Rogers, Boston. 

RcprlDied at New Loodoii, 1BI7. 

Bowlandson, Mrs. Mary. A Narrative of her Captivity and Restoration. 
Second Edition carefully corrected. 13mo, pp. tO. Boston. 

Shower, . Sonic account of the lioly Life and Death of Mr. Gearing. 

tivo. pp. 146. Boston. 
Some Considerations on the French Settling Colonies on the MiBslssippl. 

Prina M: 
Borne Proposals to benefit the Province. 

Blone, Nathaniel. MaBsachusetta Election Sermon. 8vo, pp. 22. Boston. 

gjtnmes, Thomas. ReaBonablenessofRcguiarSinging.orSin^ngbyNote. 

By a Minister of tlie Gospel. Recommended by several Ministers. Bvo, 

pp. 34. Bosion. 
Tale & Brady. A New Version of tlie Psalms of David. tOmo. Boston. 
Thacher, Peter. A Brief Declarsiion of Mr. Peter Tbaclier and Mr. John 

Webb. Pastors of Ibe New North Church in Boston, in l>elittir of 

themselves and said CliurcU ; relating l» some of their late Ecclciiii»- 

ticoi Proceedings. I2mo, pp. 13. Boston. 


Tli/V:li«-r, I't.u-.r. TUf. Vtznr of ^^kI restraining men from Iniquity in Com- 
fii'T'*-. A H«:rriio!i. Hvo, pp. (4j 20. Hwton. 

TUiuUt-r, Vfitr. |^•uH<lnH why niiinlH'rn of the New Xortli Congrej2:alion 
ill li'iMori would nr»t r:ons(*ntto hiA Onliimtion; and P. Thachcr's und 
John \V«I»!»'h Uriff I)<-r'Itir;ition in Ik*hiilf of themselves and the New 
North ('hiirch. 12iiio, pp. /><). lUmUm. 

TUwUi'r, I'lrtf'r. A Vindiration from S^veml Fal»chooils spread in a 
l^iiiiphUa «!ni]tl<'d un Aceount of tlie UoaHons, &c. lOmo, pp. 14. 

Thiwhfr, IV F'iin«rriil SiTmon on the Ilev- Samuel Man of Wrentham. 
Thr iSrnirily of Kn^^lislinicn'H LiveH: Or Power und Duty of Grand Juries. 

I*rknr.f. \\ta. 

WndHworth, IScnjiiinin. II(>arty Suhmission and Resignation to the Will 
of<2o(l under Afllietionn. Boston. 

WudN worth, litMiJaniin. The Lord*H Day provtKl to he the Christian Sab- 
iHitli ; or H(>aHf>nH Hlu'winjir wliv theVirst Day of the Week should be 
k<*pt holy as the Chrislian Sahlmth. IGmo, ])p. G3. lioston. 

WadNWorth, hriijiiniin. (hihle for the Doubting, and Conlial for the 
ralntinu Saiul. 3d Kd. Khno. Hortton. 

WadMworth. Hrnjanun. Fourteen Sermons on the Benefits of a G(X>d and 
thr MiM'hii'fs of an Kvil Conseience. Boston. 

NVryni<»utii. [ Mass. I. Account of the DiHlculty l>etween the Church there, 
and Hi'v. Mr. Thachcr. TJino. 

While. .1. yt of (ilouccstcr.J St'cret Pniycr inculcated und encouraged. 

/'H»liY .1/*. 

^Vili^h■^*^^»»^'lb, 'lohn. \^\ Bcatity of Divine Providence. 12mo. Iki«ton. 

\ViHiains..lohn. Hrdrcnu'd Captive, itc. i^^celTUT.^ Svo. pp. 10t.». Rp?- 
t«>n. Urpriiiicd. 

.\d:nu-«. Kliphnht. '^i^ank•«L'i^ iuir Smiion ai Wnidh-mi. .T'jIv 12. 172:. 

«»!l :iri oiinl i»t \\\v I'l lUMrkaMr >nrrr'»'. nf lh«- (••'-pt-l Tin Tv. >^v J'J-. 
10. Ni >\ l.'MJxlnU. 

.Mniiin.ii . l>;mit 1 Tmx i-. I»n-i«»n. 
.M!u;*n:U' 1\\ a N:iii\ c I'f N< w Kn:;la!id. 

Alv.M'-. IV- .l;n.'l' r.4\l.'r. Pliil. Prin:- ,i ''V Ai.-;r. u r»:-.i ir'-.ri. 

v.. .\ . . ■: ■■■■.■ 

; • 1» . . ...':..■ .■ . . v» . . 

• » ■ • ' ' *» - \\ • 1 » T* - 



■ ■ . • I 

Ante-Revolutionary Publications. 389 

Claggett, William. A Lookiug-Glass for Elder Clarke and Elder Wifiht- 
nian, &c. 8vo, pp. 230. Newport, R. I. 

Collection of Psalm Tunes, with Instructions for singing them in the 
easiest method which has been yet known, &c. Boston. 

See 1T23. 

Colman, Benjamin. The Nature of ejvrly Piety as it respects Man. 1 Onio. 

Colman, Benjamin. Some Observations on the new method of receiving 
the Small Pox, by Ingrafting or Inoculation. 12mo, pp. 16. Boston. 

Colman, Benjamin. Sermcm at Boston, on the Death of Wm. Harris, 
Esq. 16mo, pp. 20. Boston. 

Cooper, William. Objections to Early Piety answered. Boston Lecture 
May nth. 16mo, pp. 32. Boston. 

Discourse by Philopatria; shewing that Paper Money is not the real 
Cause of the Straits and Difliculties of the Massachusetts Bay, &c. 
8vo, pp. 16. Boston. 

Dummer, Jeremiah. Defence of the New England Charters. Boston. 
There were several editioas, printed here and In London. 

Dun ton, John. The Second Spira ; Being a fearful Example of an Athe- 
ist \vho apostatized from the Christian Religion, and died in Despair 
at Westminster, Dec. 8, 1092. Boston. Reprinted. 

Early Piety. A Course of Sermons by the Ministers who carry on the 
Thursday Lecture in Boston. I. Slather, C. Mather, B. Wadsworth, 
B. Colman, J. Sewall, T. Prince, J. Webb, W. Cooper, T. Foxcroft. 
[Each Sermon paged se[>arately. 12mo, pp. 300. Boston.] 

Eastham. Copy of the Result of the Council at Billingsgate, in Eastham, 
Nov. 8, 1720. lOmo, i)p. 10. Boston. 

Foxcroft, Thomas. Sermon on the Death of Mrs. Elizabeth Foxcroft 
wife of Hon. Francis Foxcroft. With a Funeral Poem by Rev. John 
Danforth. 8vo, pp. So. Hoston. 

Foxcroft, Thomas. Exliorlaiions and Directions to Young People. 
Boston Lecture May IS, lOmo, pp. 05. Bo.ston. 

Friendly Check from a Kind Uehition. To the Chief Cannoneer. Founded 
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Gi!)l)s, Henry. Certain Blessednt'ss of all thos(^ whose Sins are fori^iven. 
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(traini^er, Mr. (Supposed antiior.) The Imposition of Inoculation as a 
Duty religiously considered. 12mo, pp. 18. Boston. 

Gray, Andrew. Si)iritual Warfare. 12mo, p]». 140. Boston. 

Henchman, Nathaniel. Sermon on tin* Death (»f John Burrill, Es(j. Dec. 
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Iligginson, John. The I)ei)l()rable State of New England, by Reason 
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llillhonse, James. Sermon on tht; Death of Mrs. Richel Jlillhouse, Jan. 
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Prolare hy Iii<rciet' and (^'otliii .M;ith»'r. 

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n] 49 

390 History of Printing in America. 

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Marah spoken to. A Brief Essay to do Gomi unto the liVidow. By one 
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Mather. Boston. 

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See 1684. 

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Bcveml cditlonR. 

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Boston 1721. 

Willard, Samuel. The Christian's E.\ercise by Satan's Temptations. 
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Willard, Samuel. Praetie(' of Pietv. Bostcm. 

Williams, Jolin. Ariruments i>roving that Inoculation of the Small Pox 
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pp. 27. Boston. 

("oiiii. Ili-t. Sim- I.II». 

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Judah Monis a Jew. 8vo, pp. 200. Boston. 

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in London. 12mo. Boston. 

Douglass, William, M.D. Inoculation. The Abuses and Scandals of 
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Inoculation Inrther considered, in a Letter to A[lexander] S[tuartJ 
M. D. and F. R. S. 12mo. Boston. 

Dou«^l}iss, William, M. D. Postscript to the Above, Being a short Answer 
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Elijah's Mantle. A Faithful Testimony to the Cause and Work of God in 
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Foxcrofl, Thomas. Scrmcms (on several Subjects and Occasions.) Hvo. 

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Ante-Revolutionart Pcducations. 395 

New Englnnd Version of Psalma. 30th cd. t BoBton. 

New Help lo Discourse, Or Wit and Mirtli intennixed with more serioiii 
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Answere. With ProverbB. EplidphB, E|)igrania, Riddles, Poesies, 
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ticalarly a eonust Historv of all tlie KIsje^ of Englnttd. Irom the Nor- 
mun Conquest down to King George, Together with Directions for 
the True Knowledge of several Matters roncemine Astronomy, Holy- 
daya and HuglMiniliy. in a plain method. By W. W. Gent. 8th ed. 
With many new Additions, Reprinted and sold by J. Franklin. 

Sermon at the Ordination i 

n Matters of Religion. 
I Joseph Emerson. 12ino. 

Thayer, Ebenezer. Bermons on Acts viii, 8, 8»o, pp. 227. Bobiod. 

^veneSB, in Three Sermons. 

Vindication of the Ministers of Boston liy some of their People from the 
Abuses and Scandals uasl upon them in divers printed Papers. ISmo, 
pp. 16. Boston. 

Wadaworth, Benjamin, Christ's Fan in hie Iland, ifcc. evo,pp.28. Boston. 

Walter, Nehemiah, Sermons. Sto, pp, 230, Boston. 
Walter, Thomas, Sermon on Singing. lOmo, pp. 26. Boston, 
Walcrtown, Result of the Council of Fourteen Churches held at Water- 

lown, May 1, 1T32, 8vo, Boston. 
Webb. John. Thursday Lecture Nov. 15, 1723, 8vo, pp. 27. Boston. 
Wiliard, Samuel. The Fountain Opened,>!bc. (Sec 1700.) 2d £d. ]6mo, 

pp. 40. (Appendix by S, Sewall.l Boston. 
Wiliard, Samuel. Sermons from Zach. viii, i, with an Address hy Samuel 

SiinBbble. 8vo. (Two editions.) Boston. 
Williams, John. Answer to the Letter addressed to him attempting to 

remove his Scruples respecting Inoculation for the Small Pox. 16mo, 

pp. la Boston. 

Almanac. Ditnicl Travis. Boston. 
Ahnan&c N. Whittcraore. Boston. 

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AlDiiuiiic Robert Treat. New LouUuu. 

396 History of Printing in America. 

BilliiigSBSte. Tbe Veracity nad Equity of the Members of the Ooanol 

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13aiD. Boston. 
Boston. Vote of Uie Town, nnd of tbe Selectmen, relative to Cowa gotngj 

at large, 1723. Sheet. Bouton. 
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Catalogus Libronim BibliotUccaj CoHogii Harvardlniqiiodest CantabrigUB. 

4tu, pp. 104. Boston. 
Prolwblj the firar. caulogue of a Puhlic Lllirmf? printed In this otantrj. 
Checkley, John. A Modest Proof of the Order and Government settled 

by Christ and liis Apostles iu the Cliurch. lOmo, pp. 03. Biwion. 

Heo WIgglesviortli, ITM. 

CollcctioD (A) of 88 Psalm Times in throe Parls.Treble.Mcdius, and Base. 
In llie easy Method of Singing by ietli-TS instead of by nolua contrived 
by Rev. Mr. Tiifls. Pr'-- ' '- '— "— — 

9m ITSl. 

Sermon March 5, 1733, on 

Colman, BcdJ 




t. B08 

u copper plate. Boston. 

a Day of Prayer. ISmo^i 

n. God deals wiLli as 


n. Sermon 

evo, pp. a 

Golninu, Benji 

pp. 37. Boaion. 
Colman. Benjamin. Sermon 

84. Boston. 
Colman, Benjamin. F^ormon 

I raUonal Creatures. 

Ibe Death nf Increase Mather. I3m(^ 
the Death of David Stoddard. 6vo, pp. 

n the Death of Mrs. Jane Steel, Jan. », 
1732-3. 12mo, pp. 20. Boetiin. 
Colman, Benjamin. Massachnsetts Election Sermon, 1?33. ISmo, pp, Ti» 

89. Boston. 
Cooper, William. God's Concern for ii Ooilly Seed. Sermon on a Dayof 

Prayer March 5, 1728. 8vo, pp. 38. Boston. 
Cotlnn, C. None hut Christ, None but Christ. From the Ninth EditiOft 
Hith some New Additions. J6mo. Boston. Reprinted. 
Tble locliidM " the SXck Man's K. B. C." bj tho suae uthor. 

Dickinson, Jonathan. Sermon at the opening of the Synod at Philadel- 
phia Sept. 18, 1788. 8vo, pp. 24. Boston. 

Dillon, Humphrey {of England). Discourse concerning the Resurrection 
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the inipossihlt Production of Thought from Matter and Motion : ibt 
Nature of Human Souls, and of Brutes. 3d Ediljon. 8to. Boston. 

Dyer, William. Golden Chain. Boston (aboul 1738.) 

Easlburn, Bcnjanun, Doctrine of Alsotulc Reprobation. With a Post- 
script. «vo, pp. 66. Philadelphia. Printed by 8. Keimer. 

Eastham, Mass. Short and Plain Relation of some Transactions in the 
South Church. 13nio. 

Sseay by Several Ministers in Boston concerning Coaes of Conscience tn I 
Singing of Psalms. 12m o, pp. 23. Boston. ' 

Signed Potvt Tluchcr. Juba Dsufortli, BbtodcI DuiCDnb. 

Foxcnifl, Thomas. Sermon afler the Funeral of Dnme Bridgi'l tlshor, I 
Bvo, pp. 62. Boston. 

WiIlmrrTtai'eh, Ki-Y, Mr WiultivrtrUi, 

Ante-Revolutionary Publications. 397 

Gloria BritaaDoram ; or British Worthies ; A Poem ; being an Essa^ on 
the Characters of the illastrious Persons in Canip, since the glorious 
Revolution to this present Time. 8vo, pp. 32. Boston. 

Henry, Mathew. Communicant^s Companion. 8th ed. 8to, pp. 260. 

Independent Whig. Designed to prerent and detect the vile Deceits of 
Priestcraft. Philadelphia. Printed by S. Eeimer. 

Johnson, Capt Charles. G^eral History of the Pyrates, fi*om their first 
Rise and Settlement in the Island of Providence, to the present Time, 
&c. New York. Printed by Wm. Bradford. 

Letter to a Friend in Ireland ; containing a Relation of some sorrowful 
instances of the sad Effects of Intenmerance, as a Warning to young 
People. Philadelphia. Printed by 8. Keimer. 

Lewes, Daniel. Sermon at the Boston Lecture August 15th. 12mo, pp. 
28. Boston. 

Logan, James. Charge to the Grand-Jury at a Court held in Philadelphia 
2d Sept. 1723. 4to, pp. 16. Phikdelphia. Andrew Bradford. 

Mather, Cotton. Euthanasia : Or Sudden Death made Happy and Easy 
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Mather, Cotton. A Brief Memorial of Matters and Methods for Pastoral 
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Mather, Cotton. The Pure Nazarite. Advice to a Young Man. 8vo, pp. 
19. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. The Voice of God in the Tempest A Sermon in Time 
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Mather, Cotton. A Father Departing. A Sermon on the Death of Rev. 
Increase Mather. 8vo, pp. 31. JSoston. 

Mather, Cotton. Sermon on the Death of Mr. Joseph Belcher. With an 
Elegy by John Dun forth. 12mo, pp. 24. Boston. 

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Mather, Cotton. The Lord High Admiral of all the Seas Adored. A Brief 
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Soul proposed and promoted. 12mo, Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. An Essay on Rcmarkables in the Way of wicked Men. 
S. Matbcr'8 Utst. 

Mather, Increase. A Call to the Tempted. Sermon on the Horrid Crime 
of Self- Murder. 16mo, pp. 77. Boston. 

Mather, Increase. Agathangelus ; or the Servant of God with his Guardian . 
IGnio, pp. 27. Boston. 
Introdaction to " Ca-Z^r^nw*" by Cotton Mather. 

Mor/ran, Joseph. Discourse at Freehold, N. J., Nov. 30, 1728, upon the 
Death of his Son Joseph Morgan. 12nio. New London. 

Norcott, John. Baptism accordini^ to the Word of God. 8vo, pp. ,39. 
Boston. Uei)rinted. 

II] 50 

398 History of Printing in America. 

Bmith, John. Curiosities of Common Water: Or the Ady«ntagn thereof 
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Bteyens, Joseph. Another and Better Country, even an Heavenly. Added, 
Sermon after the Death of the Rev. Mr. Brattle. 12mo, pp. 180. 
Boston. Reprinted. 

Btevens, Joseph. The Pastor's Office and Bushiess while amonf hit 
people while living, and the People's Duty towards a Faltbfhl Aator 
when deceased. Funeral Sermon on Rev. Mr. Brattl& Idmo, pp. 46. 

Stoddard, Solomon. Question whether God is not angry ^^^1^ ^® Coontiy 
for doing so little towards the Conversion of the Inoiaus ? Disoonne at 
Northampton. 4to, pp. 12. Boston. 

Bymmes, Thomas. Utile Duld. Or, a Joco- Serious Dialogne, ooncemiiig 
Regular Singing ; Calculated for a particular Town (where It was 
publickly had, on Friday Oct. 12, 1722), but may serve some other 
places in the same climate. 8vo, pp. 59. Boston. 

Taylor, Jeremy. Contemplations of the State of Man in this Life and that 
which is to come. 9th edition. 12mo, pp. 218. Boston. 

Thacher, Peter. A Divine Riddle. He that is Weak is Strong. DIacourw 
at Norwich. With Pre&ce by Rev. Mr. Lord. Svo, pp. (4) zi,88. 
New London. 

Tryals of thirty-six persons for Piracy, at Rhode Island, July lOtb, 1721. 
4 to, pp. 14. Boston. 

Walter, Nehemtali. Massachusetts Convention Sermon. Svo, pp. 96. 

Walter, Thomas. Sermon at Boston Lecture, Sept. 5, 1728. Svo, pp. 
(4) ii, 45. Boston. 

Walter. Thomas. Introduction to the Art of Singing by Note. 2d Ed. 
with Additions. Boston. 

Wfttertowii. A True and (vcnuine Account of the Council of 14 Churches 
at Wtttertown May 1, 1722. lOnio, pp. 28. Boston. 

WestminHtcr Aftsrmbly (»f DivineH. Tin; Confession of Faith, with the 
Larger (•ntochiHui. With a Brief Sum of Christian Doctrine. Svo, pp. 
101. Boston. 

Williams. Eleazer. Connecaicut Election Sermon May 9, 1728. 12mo, pp. 
54. New London. 

Williams, William. Sermon at Watertown .Tune 11, 1728, at the Ordina- 
tion of Key. Warhani WillianiA. 8vo, pp. 28. Boston. 

Woolston, Tliomas. Free (3 ill to the Clerg>' : Or the Hirelyug Priests, of 
wliat Denomination uoever, Challenged, &c. Philadelplila. Printed 
by Samuel Keimer. 


Adams, Eliphalet. Sermon at New I/ondon, Conn., Sept. 1724, on the 
Death of lion. Giinlon Saltonstall. (With Addenda from the Boston 
News-Letter Oct. 1, 1724.) 12mo, pp. 59, 6. New London. 

Almanac. By A Native of New England. (N. Bowen.) Boston. 

Almanac. N. Whittemore. Boston. 

Appleton, Nathaniel. Sermon on the Death of John Leverett, President 
of Harvanl College. Hvo, pp. 30. Boston. 

Barnard, .John. Sermon at the Funeral of Uev. Sam'l Cheever, May 29, 
1724. 12mo, pp. 41. Boston. 

Brewer, Daniel. Gtwl's help to Ihj sought in time of War. Sermon at 
Hi)ringfiel(l March 20, 1?24. Svo, pp. 19. Boston. 

Ante-Revolutionarv Publications. 399 

[ Burlinj;, Edward. Some Remiirka and ObBurvations by way of Answer 
to a sruttll Hook, called a Lecture 8cnuori, preaclicd at New Milford, 
by John Grahnm. IBiuo. New York. 

Bnroet, Qor. WilLiam. An Essay on Scripiure Prophecy; wherein it is 

' Endeavored 111 Explain tlie three Periodseontaini^ In the 13th chapter 

of the Prophet Daniel. With Some Argumenta TO make it probable 
that the First of the Periods did Expin.' in the Year 1715. 4to. New 
York. Priiiied hy Wm. Bradford. 

I Caveat aESinst a New Bet of Anabaptists that are ^at Zealots for Dio- 
cese Bishops, yet no great Friends to the eslabhshed Church of Eng- 
land. 2d ed. 16010, pp. 40. fioaton. 
Checkley, John. Defence of a Book cnliCled a Modest Proof, &c , In 
Reply to a Book pnl.itied Sober Remarks ou the Modest Proof, &c. 
8vo, pp. 78. 14. Boston. 
3m wrgElMwortb. 

, Colnmit, Benjamin. Sermon at Cambridge on the Death of President John 
LeverelL 8vo, pp. 25. Boston. 

I Coshnuui, Robert. Sermon Preached at PlinioulU in New England Dec. 
9, 1621. 2d ed. 8vo, pp. 24 Boston. 

Tbc flnl tennan pnluhed In Ihia cnuDtr; thst wu printed. The lul edition w«« 

prlnUd Id I^uodon In ISK. 
Duwne, Onrby, SI.D. Hcttllh, a Popni. Shewing how to Procure. Pre- 

strvo and Restore iL To which is annexed The Doctor's Decade. 

4lh edition, Corrected. Small ila, pp. 37. Boston. 
Dell, William. Doctrine of Bapti»)niB. 8ro, pp. 64. Philadelphia. 

Reprinted by S. Eeimer. 
Dickinson, Jonathan. Defence of Presbyterian Ordination, in answer to 

J. Chcckley's ■' Uodest Proof of the Order," Ac. 8vo, pp. 44. Boston. 
Bee ChsckleT. wd WiEglesiiDrtti. 
DickinMD, Jonathan, Remarks upon the Postscript to J. Chcckley's 

Defence of his " Modest Proof." 8vo, pp. 39. Boston. 
Boatham. A Church of Christ Vindicated. Relation of transactions in 

the South Church in Enstliam. 870, pp. 50. Boston. 
Flavel, John. 8e*man's Coropiws. spiritualized. Boston (abool 1734). 
Flavel, John. T<)ken for Motimera. Boston (about 1724). 
Foicroft, Thomas. The Ruling and Ordaining Power of Congreeationai 

Bishops, or Presbyters. Dutcnded. With Remarks on Barclay, i!tc. 

8vo. pp. 45. Boeton. 
Foxcroft. Thomas. God's Faci- m\ against an Incorrigible People. Her- 
on at BosUin Thursday July 30. 8vo, pp. 5tl. Boston. 
To scmft, Thomas. Sermon;*. 12mo. Bostun, 
Giund Juror's Duly Considered. 8vo, pp. 18. Boston. 
Jacobite Party ; their Madness in aTt«mpting to set a Popish Pretender on 

the Throne. 8vo, pp. 13. Boston. 
Johnson, Captain Charles. The General History of the Pyrates, etc. 

(Sec 1733.) 2d ed. New York. Printed by Wra, Bradford. 
LeHeronllie Presbyterian DiKtrinesof El i>c lion and Reprobation. 13mo, 

pp. 34. New London. 
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Alter the Indians had lieen there and killed the Reverend Mr. Joseph 

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the other two. flvo, pp. 44. Boston. 


History of Printing in America. 

Mntbcr, Cotton. Words ot UmlerstaiicliDg. Tliree Essajrs, occasioned I 

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Dpath iif the Ever M»jmorable Dr. Increase Mather. Bvo, pp, s, xlv, 1 

E34. Boston. ' 

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Mather, Cotton. The Nightingale. Or Supporia and Coniforia of M 1 

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Priiia Calaloytii, 

Morgan, Joseph. Letter to the Auihore of a DiscourBC, entitled Somt ~' 
abort ObservationB made on the Presbyterian Doctrines of ElecUun 
and lie probation. lOmo, New London. 

Prohibiting the Selling of Bidian Ooo<lsto the French, vu. of CuiadL 

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Onania, or the heinous Sin of Self ■Pollution. 8vo, pp. 70. lOtii Bd. J 

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Plan for the MauiteDunec of the UinisR'rs tn New England. Sto. Boston;.] 
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SymmcB, Thntnfts. The People's Interest in Onu Article. SUewing Ibeir 
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Tomkins, John. Great Duty of Prayer; and Ood'a Answer to Pmycr; 
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Wadsworth, Bcnjatnin. Dialogue betwcpn a Minister and iiis n^i^hbor 
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Ste 17111. 

WadswnrtJi, Benjamin. Sermon on the Deatti of Jobn Levitrett, Presi- 
dent of Harvard Colicge. Svo, pp. 34. Boston. 

Waller, Tboraas. An Kssay on Ihitt Paradox, InfaUiiUi^ may tometimtt 
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12ino, pp. 120. Boston. 

WiggleswortU, Eilward. Sobt^r Iteniarks on Mr. John Chcckley's Modest 
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Burgiras, Daniel, The Craftsman ; a Senuon. Compoaed by the late 
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1 the Ordina- 

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.402 History of Printing in America. 

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Drelincourt, Charles. The Christian's Defence against the Terron of 
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Fitch, Jabez. Sermon on the Death of Mn. Mary Martyn. 8to, pp. 87. 

Flavcl, John. A Token for Mourners. 16mo. Boston. 

Flavel, John. The Reasonableness of Personal Reformation. 18mo, pp. 
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French Convert, The. 12mo. Boston. Reprinted for J. Phillips. 

Frilingliuison , Theodorus Jacobus. Klagte yan Eenige Leeden der Neder- 
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Gay, EbcneKcr. Sermon at the Ordination of Rev. Joseph Oreen, Bam- 
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Gralinm, John. Sennon at his Ordination at Stafford^ May 20, 1728. 
Prt»fiice by Timothy Kil wards. ICnio, pp. Iv, ^. New iJondon. 

Harvard (-olle^re. (^)ntinuatio Bupplemonti Cataloj^i Librorum Biblioth. 
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8. Kallier't Hal. 
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> the 

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8yno<lM. Resulta of Tlirec Synods in 1048, 1002, and 1679. Svo, pp. 11& 
Boston. Kfiprintcd. 

Thayer, £l)cnezcr. Massachusetts Election Sermon, May 90. Svo, pp. 
42. Boston. 

Vinc(>nt, Nuthnniel. The Day of Qrace, and things of our Pteaoe. 8vo, 
PI). 143. Boston. Ri^printed. 

Wadsworth, Benjamin. Sermon preached April 11, 1725. Svo, i^ 20. 

White, John. Sermon at Ipswich. April 11th, 1725, on the Death of Bev. 
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Cheever, Thomas. Two Sermons at Maiden, Aug. 1722, and June 1725. 
12mo, pp. 94. Boston. 

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Cotton, Mrs. Elizabeth. Peculiar Treasure of the Almighty King opened, 
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Flavel, John. A Saint indeed ; or the great Work of Salvation opened 
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Flavel, John. Navigation Si)iritualized. Boston. R<?printed. 

Foxcroft, Thomas. Sermon at the Ordination of Rev. John Lowell in 
Newbury. 8vo, pp. 00. Boston. 

Foxcroft, Thomas. Death the Destroyer of Earthly and False Hopes. 
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See ion and ISM. 

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Adventu. 8vo, pp. xiv. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Lampadarius. A Brief Essay to show the Light which 
Good Men have in Dark Hours. 12mo, pp. 24. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Terra Beata. A Brief Essay on the Bleasing of Abn- 
ham. 12nio, pp. 54. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Manuductio ad Ministcrium. Directiona for a Candi- 
date for tlie Ministry. 8vo, pp. (xviii), 1, 151. Boston. 

MatluT, Cotton. A Good Old Age. A brief Essay on the Glory of Aged 
Piety. IGmo, pp. 42. Boston. 

Mather, C^otUm. Nails FaHteneil ; Or Proposals of Piety Reasonably and 
ScuHonably Ccmiplyed withal. lOmo, pp. 22. Boston. 

MathtT, Cottim. A Vial Poured out u])on the Sea; containing a remarica- 
1)1(> liclution of certain Piratcrt brought unto a tragical and untimely 
End, (S^c. 8vo, pp. 51. Boston. 

Matlicr, Cotton. Sus])iriji Vinctoruin. Some Account of the Condition 
to wliicli the Protestant Inloa^st in tlic World is at this Day reduced. 
IGmo. pp. 22. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Maveth. Comfortable Words, &c. lOmo, pp. 
28. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Initio Disciplinie Fnitnnn Nov-Anglorum. A Faithful 
Account of the I>iHeii>line and Pmcticed in the Churches of 
New En^rittiid. 8vo, pp. (2) iv, 207, JJ. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Kcrclesiae Monilia. Sermon on the Death of Mre. 
Elizulx'th Cotton. Witli Certain Memorials of Piety written by her. 
lOnio, \)\). 42. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. S<»me Seuscmable Advise* unto the Poor, to b<j annexed 
unto the Kiiidnessi^s of God that are dispensed unto tliem. Half- 
sheet. Bosttm. 

Mather, Cotton. The Comforts of one walking through the Valley of the 
Sliadow of Death. 
8. Mather'H Ht»t. 

Matlier, Increase. (?) Sevttral Reasons pn)ving that Inoculating or Trans- 
planting the Small Pox is a lawful Pnietice, and tliat it has hwn 
l)h'sse(l by ( Jod for the Saving of many u Life. Boston. Beprinted. 

Moiidy, Samuel. Sunnnary Ae<*ount of the Life and Death of Joseph 
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Murder of John PetcT. ICmo, pp. 41. Boston. 

Ante-Revolutionary Publications. 407 

New York. Acts of Assembly passed in the Proyince from 1091 to 1725. 
Fol. New York. Print^ and sold by Wm. Bradford. 

Onania; or the heinous Sin of Self Pollution. 8yo, pp. 70. Boston. 

Fenhallow, Samuel. History of the Wars of New England with the 
Eastern Indians. 8yo, pp. (4) 134 (1). Boston. 

Piracy. 'Trial of Five Persons for Piracy, Robbery, and Felony, who 
were found guilty and condemned at a Court of Admiralty neld io 
Boston N. E. 4th Day of October 1726, and executed Nov. 2 following. 
4to, pp. 84. Boston. 

Piracy. Tryals of Sixteen Persons for Piracy &c. at Boston July 4, 1726. 
4to, pp. 20. Boston. 

Pirates. Remarkable Relation of Pirates, and Ck)nferencos with them 
after Condemnation. An Account of their Behaviour and Execution. 
With a Sermon on the Occasion. Svo. Boston. 

Rogers, John. An Answer to a Book entituled *' The Prey taken from 
the Stony " Wherein by Mocks and Scoffs, together with a Great 
number of positive falsehoods the author has greatly abused John 
Rogers late of New London, deceased, since his death. 8vo, pp. 87. 
New London. 

Rogers, John. An Answer to a small Pamphlet entituled ** A Monitory 
Letter about the Mamtenance of an Able and Faithful Ministry." 4to, 
pp. 2-19. (1726?) 

Smith, Josiah. Sermon at his own Ordination over a Church in Ber- 
muda. 16mo, pp. 22. Boston. 
He was afterwards settled at Cbarleston, S. C. 

Some of the Dving Speeches, and Declarations of John Battes and his 
Son (Frenchmen), James Muse, Philip Muse, and John Micliael (In- 
dians). Boston. Sold by D. Ilenchman. 

Thacher, Peter. Massachusetts Election Sermon May 25th, 1726. 8vo, 
pp. 28. Boston. 

Van Driesscn, Petrus. " De Aanbiddelyke Wcffen Gods inzvne Souve- 
ruiiie Besticringe, Besonder over de Machten deser Wocreld, Verklaart 
en in Dric Predicatien, door Petrus Van Driessen, V.D.M., 
Te Nieuw-Albania. Te Nieuw-York. Gednikt by J. Pieter Zenger, 
mdccxxvi." 8vo,pp. 79. (Dedicated to Gov. Burnett. Title page in 
n^d and black ink.) 
See IlUt. Mag. vol. v, p. 150. 

Walter, Neheniiah. Pnictical Disc:ou>^es on tlu; Holiness of Heaven. 
8v<», pp. 170. Boston. 

Webb, John. Twenty-four practicul Sermons on Death, Judgment, Hea- 
ven and Hell. 8vo, [)p. 350. Boston. 

Webb, John. A Seasonable Warning against Bad-Company Keeping. 
2d ed. IGmo, pp. ;31. Boston. 

Willard, Samuel. A Complete Body of Divinity, in 250 expositor}*^ lec- 
turer on the Assembly's Shorter Catechism. Fol., pp. 1-660. 581- 
914. (sic.) Boston. 
^' The flret book of this form and size printed in America.^* Ow. lAvermore. 

WilliauLs. William. Convention Sennon, May 20, 1726. 8vo, pp. 28. 


Adams, Eliphalet. A Brief Discourse to a Society of Young Men. 8vo, 
pp. fVt. New London. 

Alleine, Josq)h. Alarm to Unconverted Sinners. 10mo,pp. 170. Boston. 

408 History of Printing ik Ambbioa. 

Allcine. Joseph. Divers Practical Cases of Conscience SfttlBfiictorily B^ 
solved. 16roo, pp. 76. Boston. 
Bonnd with the ''Alann.** 

Allin, James. Thunders and Earthquakes, Loud and Awftal calls to Re- 
formation. Fast Sermon on account of the Earthquake of Oct. 2QUl 
8vOf pp. 49. Boston. 
Two editloDB. 

Allin, James. Two Discourses. I. The Wheels of the World govenud 
bv a wise Providence ; and II the Doctrine of Merit Exploded* and 
uumilitv recommended. 8vo, pp. (2) 46, 39. BoaUm. 

Almanac Bv A Native of New England. (N. Bowen.) Boaton. 

Almanac. Nathaniel Ames. Boston. 

Almanac N. Whittcmore. Boston. 

Almanac Robert Treat New London. 

Almanac Titan Leeds. Philadelphia. 

Almanac Felix Leeds. Pliiladelphia. 

Ashton's Memorial, or an Authentick Account of the Strange Adventuics 
and Sicpal Deliverances of Mr. Philip Ashton ; who after he had 
made his Escape fh>m the Hrates, lived on a desolate Island fiir about 
16 months &c. With an Account of Nicholas Menit, who was taken 
at the same time. To which is added a Sermon on the Occasion bj 
the Rev. John Barnard of Marblehead. Boston. 
See BAnuud, John, 17S6. 

Barnard* John. Sin testified against by Heaven and Earth. Sermon after 
the Earthquake. 12mo, pp. 132. Boston. 

Barnard, John. Two Sermons to Young People With Sermon occa- 
sioned by the Earthquake 12mo, pp. 99. Boston. 

Barnard, John. Sermons on Several Subjects. 8vo,pp.l90. (Large paper.) 

Baxter, Jo8Ci>h. MtiHsachusctlH Election Sermon, 1727. 8vo, pp. 86. 

Byles, Mather. A Poem on the Death of King George I, and the Acces- 
sion of George II. 12nio, pp. 5. Boston. 

Chccklcy, Samuel. The Duty of a People to lay to Heart and Lament the 
Death of a Good King. A Sermon preached Aug. 20, 1727, on the 
Death of King George. 8vo, pp. 27. Boston. 
Two cditious. 

Checkley, Sanniel. A Stjrmon, Sopt. 17tli on the Death of Rev. Wm. 
WaUlron. 8vo, pp. 21. Boston. 

Christian Confes.sion of the Mcninonlsts. Sm. 8vo. Philadelphia. Re- 

Golden, Cadwallador. History of the Five Indian Nations dcpcndhiff on 
the Province of New York hi America. IGmo, pp. xviii, 119. Sew 

Collection of a Hundred Notable Things. 4to, pp. 37. Philadelphia. 

Colman, Benjamin. A Sacramental Discourse at the Friday Lectare m 
Brattle Street, Feb. 3, 1727. 12mo, pp. 27. Boston. 

Colman, Benjamin. Fidelity to Christ and the Protestant Succession. A 
Sermon on the Accession of Georgt; II. 8vo, pp. (4) iv, 18. Boston. 

Colman, Benjamin. The Judi^ments of Providence in the Hand of Christ 
^c. Four Sermons on the lali: lOartlKpiake. 8vo, pp. 80. Boston. 

Ante- Revolutionary Publications. 409 

Colman, Benjamin. Sermon Aug. 9th, 1727, at the Ordination of Ebenezer 
Pemberton. 8vo, pp. 19. Boston. 

Colman, Benjamin. Prayer to the Lord of the Harvest. Sermon Aug. 9, 

1726. 8vo. Boston. 

Constable's Pocket-Book ; or, a Dialogue between an old Constable and a 
New. By N. B. 2d ed. 16mo, pp. 68. Boston. 

Cooper, William. The Blessedness of the tried Saint Sermon at the 
Boston Lecture Jan. 19, 1726-7. 12mo, pp. 29. Boston. 

Cooper, William. The danger of People's losing the good Impression 
made by the late Earthquake. A Sermon. 8vo, pp. 23. Boston. 

Cotton, John. One tiling is needful ; awake thou that sleepest and rise 
from the Dead. Two Sermons at Dorchester, April 9, 1727. With a 
Preface by Rev. Mr. Danforth. 12mo, pp. (2) vi, 4, 63. Boston. 

Cotton, John. Sermon at Newton, Nov. 3, 1727 on a Day of Fasting and 
Prayer, occasioned by the Earthquake. 8vo, pp. (4) xvi, 247. Boston. 

Deane, Capt. John. A Narrative of the Shipwreck of the Nottingham 
Galley on Boon Island, 1710. 8vo, pp. 22. (Reprinted.) 

Doings of the Council at their Sittings at Fort George Dec. 19, 1727. Folio. 

Doolittle. Thomas. Treatise concerning the Lord's Supper. 26th ed. 
12mo, pp. 208. Boston. 

Earthquake. Articles drawn up by the Members of the Church in Maiden 
On a Day of Public Fasting and Prayer (December 21, 1727). Occa- 
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1727. 4to, pp. 4. (Boston.) 

Earthquake. Composure of Remarks upon the Tremendous Earthquake 
that shook New England in the Night between the 29th and 30th of 
October. For the benefit of the whole Country, which yet seems at 
Times to continue shaking. 8vo, pp. 42. Boston. 

Emerson, Joseph. The Important Duty of a timely seeking of God. 12mo, 
Pl>. (2) viii, 54. Boston. 
With PreCace by Cotton Mather. 

Emerson, Joseph. Heart Purity Encouraged and Pressed. A Sermon. 
12 mo, pp. 63. Boston. 

Fitch, Jabez. Discourse on the Earth(iuake. 12nio, pp. 17. Boston. 

Fhivt'l, John. Saint Indeed ; or the Great Work of a Christian Opened 
and Press'd. Boston. (Reprinted.) 

Foxcroft, Thomas. The Voice of the Lord from the Deep Phices of the 
Earth. Sermon on the Earthquake. 8vo, pp. 52. Boston. 

Foxcroft, Thomas. Preparatory Discourse to the Choice of a Minister. 
Being tlie Substance of two Sermons Preached to the Old Church in 
Boston, June 11, 1727. 12nio, pp. 67. Boston. 

Foxcroft, Thomas. Sermon on the Death of Ilon. Penn Townscnd. 
12nio, pp. 42. Boston. 

Foxcroft, Thomas. Sermon upon the Death of King George the First, 
and Accession of King George the Second. 8vo, pp. (4) v, (iv) 39, 

•Foxcroft, Thomas. Sermon on the Death of Rev. Wm. Waldron. Preface 
by \V. Cooper. 8vo, pp. xx, 47. Boston. 

Gibbs, Henry. Godly Chihlrcn their Parents Joy. Exhibited in several 
Sermons. 8vo, pp. 93. Boston. 

Great Britain. An Encpiiry into tlie Reasons of tlie conduct of Great 
Britain with RHation to Affairs in Kuropo. Syo, p]>. 103. Boston. 

410 HiSTORT OF Printinq in Amsrioa. 

Homes, William. Brief and plain Diflcoune ; wherein the Doctrine of the 
Sabbath is explidned, Ac 8^0, pp. (8) yi, vii, 50. Boeton. 

Indiana. Conference with them at Falmouth Jalj 17S7. 4to, pp. 81. 

Janeway, James. Three Practical Discourses. 24mo, pp. 78. Boston. 


Lord, Benjamin. The Faithfbl and Approved Minister a Tery Blessed 
Man. A Sermon preached at the Ordination of Mr. Jabes Wight at 
East Norwich Oct. 27, 1726. 12mo, pp. 55. New London. 

Lord, Benjamin. True Christianity Explained. A Disooorae at Canter- 
bury. 8vo, pp. 88. New London. 

Maryland, A complete Collection of the Laws of : Collected and pabllshed 
by Authority. Dedicated to Lord Baltimore. FoL, pp. SSd. Anna- 
polis, Md. Printed by Wm. Parlu. 

Matiier, Cotton. The Balance of the Sanctuaiy. A Lecture In the 
Audienoe of the General Assembly at Boston Oct 6, 1787. 12mo, pp. 
24. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Baptismal Piety. Two Brief Essays. 8vo,pp. 48. Boston. 

Matlier, Cotton. An Essay towards a Religious Improvement of Baptism. 

8. MAthor*B list. 

Mather, Cotton. Christian Loyalty: A Sermon on the Death of King 
George I, &c 12mo, pp. 25. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Ignorantia Scientlfica. A brief Essay on Man's not 
knowing his Time. 8vo, pp. 24. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. The Marrow of the Gospel. A very brief Essay on tlie 
Union between the Redeemer and the Believer. 16mo, pp. 24. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Some Remarkablcs on the peaceful and Joyful Death of 
Mrs. Abiul Goodwin. T(»gether with a Sermon presched to Young 
People lit the Ui;(iuc8t of the Deceased. 8vo. Boston. 
8c6 Juga Jucwttia 1738. 

Mutlicr, Cotton. The Terror of the Lord. Some Account of the Earth- 

?uiike between 39 ami 30 Oclolnjr lTi7. With a Speech unto the 
nliabitiints of Boston the next morning. 8vo, pp. (4) 37, 6. Boston. 
Two edltioiiB. 

Mather, Cotton. Ilor Ilagidgad. An happy Departure. On the Death 
of Mr. William Waldron. bvo, pp. 28. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Signatus. The Sealed Servant* of our God appearing 
with two Witne.HHes, to produce a well-Established Assurance of their 
being the Children of the Lord Almighty. A Sennon at the Boston 
Thursday Lecture 172(^-7. 12mo, pp. 40. Boston. 

MatluT, Cotton. K<»ititutus. A Discourse on Recovery fVf>m Sickness. 
lOnio, pp. rA. I^mloui 

Mather, Cotton. Discourse on the Sudden Deatii of S. Ilirsh. 16mo. 

Mather, Cotton. Hoanergi's. A Short Essay to Strengthen the Impressions 

produeeil l)y Earthquakes on the mind of the iK'ople. 8vo, pp. 53. 


Mather, Cotton. The Evident Tokens of Salvation. 

S. Mather't) lUt. 

Mather, Cotton. Agricola : Or the Religious Iluslmndman. Boston. 

Mnr^rau, Joseph. Love to our Neiirhbonrs rerommemled. Sennon at 
Freeiiohl in liie .Jersics. 12nio, pp. 10. N. London. 

Ante-Revolutionary Publications. 

New York. Tlie Charge giTen by Ihe Cliief Justice of the Province of 

New York to Ibe Oraud Jary uf Uie City of New Yorlt, in Hnreh 

Term, 1726-7. 4lo. New York. Printed by John Peler Zengcr. 
Odiin, Jobn. Sermon at the Ordinadnn of Rev. Ward Clark, at EingBlon, 

8«pt. 29, 1736. Svo, pp. 23. Boslon. 
Peon, Willintn. Fruiti of a Father's Love ; being the Advice of Wiltiam 

Penn U> his Children. 2il ed. Fbihidclpliiu. Reprinted. 
Fblllips, Bamuel. A Word in Season : Or the Duly of People to take and 

keep the Oath of Allegiance. A Discourse at BySeld. SepL 8, 1720. 

lamo, pp. 21S. Boston. 
Phillips, Sanincl. Advice to a Cliild. ISnio, pp. 138. Boston. 
Prince, ThomaH. Sermon occasioned liy the very fiudden Dealb of two 

young Ucullemeu in Boston, Jon. 14, li2U-7. 16nio, pp. 28. Boston. 
^Prince, Thomas. Earthquake Hie Works of God, and Tokens of bia 

Divine Displeasure. Two Sermons upon the late Earthquake, with 

tui appen ill X, giving an Account olllie Kurthquukeusilwas iu Boston 

and other Places. 8vo, pp. 48. Boston. 

Prince, Tbomaa. Sermon iil Boston Aug. 34. 1727 on the Death of George 

I, ami Accession ol* George II. 8vo, pp. 37. Boston. 
Pugh, Ellis. Salutation to the Britons, to call tliem fVoni Ihe many Things 
to the one Tiling Needful. IQmo, pp. 222. Phiiadelphiu. Printed 
by S. Eeimer for W. Davica. 
, Bussell, Robert. Seven Sermous. l3uio. Boston. 

At lout 63 editions of thcKbiTG been printed. The fiOUi in ITJ*. 

Bewail, Joseph. Repentance the sure Wsy to escape Destruction ; or God 
will not destroy a Penitent Peopb. Two Sermons preached on a Fast 
occasioned by the lale Earthquake. 8vo, pp. 55. Boston. 

Sewall, Joseph. Sermon preached the Evening after tlie 1at« (erriblo 

Eartbquuke. 16mo, pp. 34 Boston. 
Bewail, Joseph. Same. 2d edition. 8vo, pp. 38. Boston. 
Bewail, Joseph. Sermonon the Death of George L 12mo, pp.3.1 Boston. 
Bowall, Samuel. Plisnomcna quiedam Apocalyptica ad Aspectum Novi 

Orbis coofigurata; or tiomv Few Lines towimis u Desciiptiou of the 

New Heaven, as It makes to those who stand upon the New Earth. 

ad ed. tlat 18UT). 4to, pp. Ut Boalon. 
BbUTtleff, '^'illiiun. A Sermon, wiili Deane's Narrative of his SuiFeringB 

and tliose of bis lellow Manners, anil their Preservatiou on Boon 

Island; with a Dedication to John Winthrop. 13D)o,pp. 50. Boslon. 
Hinrtlefr, William. Sermon at the Ordination of Mr. Nathaniel Morril, 

ai Bye, in New-t'asile, Sept. H. 1T38. 8vo. Boston. 
' fimilli, Josiah. Sermon nt Boston July 10, 1730. 8vo, pp. 37. Boston. 
Thayer, Ebcnexcr. Sermon preached si Woodstock May 24, 1727, at the 

Ordinaiion of the Kuv. Amos Throop. 8vo, pp. Jtlt. Boston, 
I Tok»a for Youth : or Couil'ort to Children ; being the Life and Cliriatian 

Exutfieoce of th« Woudt-rlul Working of the Spirit of Uud of Cutterol 

Bede. Ac HUh ed. lk«lon. 

412 HiSTORT OF Printing in Amsrioa. 

Waldmn, William. Four Sermons on Occasion of liis Death, preadied 
bv Dr. Matlior, Mr. Webb, Mr. Foxcroft, and Mr. Checkl^ ; with ao 
Epislie to tlie Bereaved Flock of Mr. Cooper. Boston. 

Webb, John. Sermon on the Death of Rev. William Waldnm. 8to, pp. 
22. Boston. 

Webb, John. Same. 12ma Boston. 

Wigglesworth, Samuel A Sermon at Yarmonth Jane 98, 1727« al the 
ordination of Joslah Dennis. 8vo, pp. 28. Boston. 

Willard, Samuel. The Fountain Opened, &c. (See 1700 and 1782.) 4to, 
pp. 24. Boston. (Reprinted.) 
With an appendlz by 8. Bewail. 

Williams, William. An Essay to prove the Interest of the OhUdren of 
Believers in the Covenant. Byo, pp. 42. Boston. 

WoodbridjTO, Timothy. Sermon at a Sinslng Lecture, East Hartford, Jmie 
28, 1727. 16mo, pp. 16. New London. 

Woodbrldge, Timothy. Connecticut Election Sermon, Hay 11, 1787. 
12mo, pp. 88. New London. 

Tale Collcffe. A Monumental Qratitude, attempted In a Poefical Relation 
of the Danger and Deliverance of several of the Members of Yale Col- 
lege, in Fusing the Sound fh)m South-hold to New Haven, August 
20th, 1726. 12mo. New London. 


Adams, John. Jesus Christ an Ejcample to his Mlnisten. A Sermon 
preached on the Day of his Ordination. Boston. 

Adams, John. The same. 12mo, pp. 71. Newport 

Allin, James. Thunders and Earthquakes Loud and Awful Calls to 

Reformation. 2d cd. (Sec 1737.) Boston. 

Allen, Sainucl. Narnitivc of h\» Claim and Title to New Ham|)shire. 4to, 
pp. 13. BoBlon. 

Almnnac. By a Native of New England. [N. Bo wen.] Boston. 

Almanac. Nathaniel Ames. Boston. 

Almanac. N. Whittemore. Boston. 

Almanac. Poor liobin. J. Franlclin. Newport. 

Almanac. Titan Leeds. New Yorlc and Philadelphia. 

Almanac. Felix Leeds. Pliilodelphia. 

Appleton, Natlianiel. Wisdom of God in the Redemption of Man. Illus- 
trated in 19 Semions. 12iuo, pp. 414. Boston. 

Appleton, Nathaniel. Discourse at Cambridge Dec. 81 , 1728, on the Desth 
of Hon. Francis Foxcrott. 12mo, pp. 81. Boston. 

Appleton, Natlianiel. Isaiah's Mission. A Sermon at Pn>vidence, R L 
Oct. 28, 1728, at the Ordination of Josiah Cotton. 12mo, pp. 41. 

Baker, Daniel. Two Sermons to Parents and Cliildrcn. 8vo, pp. 88, 61 

Barnard, John (of Marbleliead). Discourses addressed to young Persons 
to excite them to navk tlie Lonl in their Youth ; to which is added a 
Sermon occasioned by the late terrible Earthquake. Boston. 

Barnard, John (of Andover). Three Sennons occasioned by the late 
Earthiiuake. Boston. 

Ante-Rbvolutionaby Publications. 413 

Berkenmeyer, Wlllem Christoffel. W. C. Berkenmeyer'B Herder-en Wach- 
ter-8tem, aan de Hoog-en Neder-Duitshe Lutheriaanen in dere Ge- 
westen, eenstemmig tc zyn vertoont, wet twe brieven en andere i^enen 
Lutherscher theologanten. 4to. Nieuw- York. J. Peter Zeuger. 

Boylston, Zabdiel. History of tlie Small Pox Inocalatcdin New England. 
8vo, pp. 68. Boston. 

(?) 1780. 

Breck, Robert. Two Discourses ; one on the Danger of foiling away after 
a Profession made; the other on a Sacramental Occasion. 8vo, pp. 
78. Boston. 

Breck, Robert. Massachusetts Election Sermon, May 29, 1728. 8vo, pp. 
42. Boston. 

Brooks, Thomas. Silent Soul ; with Sovereign Antidotes against the most 
miserable Exigence. 12mo, pp. 250. (l&printed.) 

Brown, John. Solemn Covenanting with God one of the best Means of 
preventing fatal Delusions, &c. A Discourse at Haverhill 8vo, pp. 
35. Boston. 

Buckingham, Thomas. Connecticut Election Sermon, May 9, 1728. 12mo, 
pp. 52. New London. 

Burgess, Rev. Daniel. Sure Way to Wealth, or an Infallible Directory to 
get and keep Riches, even while Taxes rise and Trades sink. Boston. 

Byles, Mather. A Poem presented to His Excellency William Burnet, 
Esq., on his Arrival at Bostou July 19, 1728. Published by Order of 
his Excellency the Governor. 8vo, pp. 6. Boston. 

Chauncy, Nathaniel. Ree^ular Singing Defended, and proved to be the 
only True Way of Singing Uie Songs of the Lord. 16mo, pp. 54. 
New London. 

Clark, Peter. Sermon at the Ordination of Wm. JeuLson, at Salem, May 
22, 1728. 8vo, pp. 85. Boston. 

Colman, Benjamin. The Holy Walk and glorious Translation of blessed 
Enoch. A Sermon preached on the Death of Cotton Mather. 12mo, 
pp. 34. Boston. 

Colnian, Benjamin. Death and tlie Grave without any Order. A Sermon 
preucliecf on the Lord's Day after a tragical Duel, and most lamented 
Death. 8vo, pp. 19. Boston. 
Henry Phillips killed Benjamin Woodbridge. 

Colnian, Benjamin. Four Sermons to Young People, preached to Religious 
Societies in School Street, in llie Evenings ot the LordVDay. 12mo, 
p|). 108. Boston. 

CoUnan, Benjamin. Twenty Sacramental Sermons. 8vo, pp. 804. Boston. 

Column, Benjamin. An Argument for and Persuasive unto the Great and 
Important Duty ot Family Worehip, with Rules and Directions for 
the due Perlbrmance of it, «Scc. 8vo, pp. 43. Boston. 

Cooper, William. Danger of People^s losing the good Impressions made 
by llie late awful Earthquakes. Boston. 

Cooper, William. Early Piety Joyful to Bcliolders. Sermon preached at 
Rumney Marsli to a Society of Young Men, Aug. 21, 1728. 8vo, pp. 
84. Boston. 

Cotton, John. Holy Fear of God and his Judgments exhorted to In a 
Sermon preached at Newtown ou a Day of Fasting and Prayer occa- 
sioned by the late surprising Earthquake. With an Appendix con- 
taining a remarkable Account of the extraordinary Impressions made 
ou tlie Inhabitants of Haverhill. Boston. 

(?) 1727. 

II] 52 

History of Printing in Ameeica. 

by B. Ctilmiiu. 8vn, pj). viu. 43. Busion. 
DnotortL, John. Sermon otcusloned by tlie late greal Eartbqunke, anil 

llie Ttrrurs Uiat atleaded it. Tu wliicb is added a Po«m on Ibe Dealtt<fl 

cif the Rev. Sam'l DanforiU bj the Rev. Petur ThacUer. ISinu, pp. 4<.a 

Darnall, Henry. A Just anJ Impartial Accountof theTrenaactions of th«l 

Mercliiitits ia Ltiadon Jbr Ihc udvancemunl of the price of Tobaccth I 

In u Letter to lUe lahabitittila o( Maryland. I2tna, pp. S3. AnoApoHa. I 
Denn. Jolin. Narrative of the Ship^reclc of the Motiingbam Galley, !■ I 

1737. 8vo. (Five editiona from 1737 to 1703.) Boston. 

Dexter, Bev. Samuel. Sermon on the DcuLh of Hr. Timothy Hetcal^.l 
Aug. 14, 1787. 12mo, pp. (4) 84. Boslon. ' 

Fftulta on all Sides— the Case of Religion considered. 870. 

PrinLcd for the author by J. Franklin. 
Faults OQ all Sides. Same. Bvo. Newport, R. I. 
Few Words (A) in Favour of Frtw Tlilnking. Philadelpliio. Printed by J 

Andrew Bradford. 

Sen Laotiag-gliui. 

Pitch, ilftbei. Discourse at Portamoiilh after the Eiirthquake of Oct. i 
1727. 16mo, pp. 17. Busron. 

Flavel, John. Discourse; shewing llial Christ's tender Care •'•fhls Mother 
Isan excellent Putlern lor all gracious Children. 16nio, pp. 30. Boe- 
too, (Reprinted.) 

Vox, John. God by his Power causes the Earth and Inhabilanls to trem- 
ble. Discourses on Uie laic Earthquakes. 8vo, pp. 58. Boeion. 

Foxcroft, Thomas. Discourse before the General Court at the Thursday 
Lecture, on the late terrible Earthquake; with a brief Account of Uie 
most remarkable Thini^ observed in several Towns after the Earth- 
qunke ; also the surprising ElTecta of Enriliqurtkes in other Parts of 
the World. Boston. 

Foxcron, Thomas. Sermoa at Milton. Nov. 13, I72S at the Ordination of 
John Taylor. Bvo, pp. 59. Boston. 

Friends Discourse delivered at iin Yearly HeetiuK of the Quakersin Boston 
on Friday the SOth of August, taken down lia short Hand, and Exa- 
mined by several that heard It, and now at their Desire made Publicfc. 

Qay, Ebenczer. Diaeonrses on the transcendent Qloryof the GoapeL To 
which is added a Pillar ofSnlt to Season a Corrupt Age, Both preached 
at till! Lecture in Hingham. 8vo, pp. 64. Boston. 

Gee, Rev, Joshua. Israel's Mourning for Aaron's Death. A Sermon 
occasioned by the Death of Rev. CutLoii Mather. 8vo, pp. 34. BosIod. 

Oilman, Samuel. Sermon on llie Introduction of the Gospel of St. John. 
~ 2d cd. ]3mo. Boston. 

kI'b Mercy sarmountlug Man's Cnieltv. exemplified in the Captivity and 
Redemption of Elhiat>ethHnn9er, wife of John Hanser, of Knoxmnrah, 
Ac. who was taken hy the Indiana in 1734, &c. Philadelphia. To 
tw sold liy Snniuc! Keimer iu Pliiladelpliia and hy If ewston GoldsntiU 
in N. T. 

AdVEitbed in Aniu)#aNiu Ooittlr Dec. SI, ITiS. 

Ante- Rev OLXjTioN ART Publications. 415 

Gooltin, NathaniKl. The Day of Trouble near, ibe Tokens of It, nint a due 

Preparation for it. Withanavcaunlorthe lalcEanliquake&C. 8vo, 

pp. 73. Boalon, 
Gulhcrie, William. The CbriBtian's Greatest Interest. ISino, pp. 20S. 

Boston. (Reprialed.) 
Eajward, John. Precious Btood or the Son of God, shed without the 

Gales of Jerusalem, for the Iledemption of lost and undone Siunera. 

With a preface by Dr. Walls. Boston. (Reprinted.) 
Januway, James. Token for Children. To which is added A Token for 

the children of N. E. Hvo, pp. 117. Boston. 

Looking- Glaits for the Uodern Deista. Or Liberliaes, called Free Thinkers. 
Plilladelphia. Printed by Samuel Gelmer. 
See niB Wontt. 

re and Necessity of the New Birth. Wiih t 

13mo. pp. 90. Boston. 

Mftther, Cotton. Boanerges. A Sliort Essay to Preserve and Btrcnethen 
Good Impressions produced by Earthquakes ou the minds of [%op]e 
that have been awakened with them. With some Views of what is to 
be fnnlier and quickly looked for. Addressed unto the People of 
New-England, who have been terrified with the late Earlliquakcs; 
and more eaiwcially the Towns that bare bad a more singular ahare 
In the Terrors of them. With an Historical Appendix, giving an 
Account of all the observable Occurrences of the present Year ; more 
especially ihe Earthquakes that have bueu in Europe and the West 
Indies. Bostun. 

Kather, Cotton. The Hysticai Marriage. A Brief Essay on the Grace of 
the Redeemer Espousing the Soul of the Believer. By the Late lluTe- 
rend Collon Mather. Approved liy Several Pastors of our Churches, 
&c 16mo, pp. 10. Bostuu. 

Kalber, Cotum. The Widow of Nain. By the late Rev. Cottoit Mather. 
With a Preface by the Rev. Jushua Oee. 12mo, pp. 30. Boston. 

Tlili was nrlllan in I'm, ta& dedlciEod Xo Un. Dorottar Frluol. 

Uattier, Cotton. Juga Jucunda, A Brief Essity looblitin rrnmlhe Young 
People a Siibniisaiou to the Yoke of their Saviour. Sermon on the 
Death of Mrs, Abiel Goodwin. 3d ed. 8to, pp. 39. Boston. 

I Mather, Cotton. The Comfortable Chambers Opened and Visited. Upon 
tlie Departure of that aged and faithful Servuui of God Mr. Peter 
Thateher. It being the lust Sermon preached by the author, who died 
Feb. 13, 1728, ISm.i, pp. 31. Boston. 

At On end Is m nntica of Thacher tcota the " Wittly Jtmmal," 
I UaUier, Samuel. The Deparlnro and Character of Elijah considered and 
improved. A Sermon preueliud at the North Church in Boston, ou 
Ihe Death of hia Father, Cotton Mather, Ac. 8vo, pp. 20. Boston. 

takingof the Country by General Gospel — and the Wars tliere during 
those Times. Both pleasant and nrotitHblo. 8vo. pp. 2H. Boston. 
■ Xorgan, Joseph. Sin its own Punishment. ISmo, p]i. '.^1. Boston. 


History op Printing is America. 

Morrell. Naihaniel. Fast Scnmm al RjeN. H. N-iv. Ifl, 1727, o 

iif Uie Eitrlli quake. lOina. Boaton. 
New Yr>rk. Decree in llit Case of SolumoQ De Medina et aU. &nd I 

Het, el ala. in Caae. Nov. Ebor. Fol., pp. 44. New York. 
Taine, Rev. Thomas, Doctrine of Earthquakes. Two Sermons preacLed-fl 

at aparlicularPast ia Wej-moutL, Nov.3, 1727, 8to, pp.87. " 
Payson.ReT. Edward. Pioas Heart Elatiuns. 

OD Xi)T. 29tli in CuoBideraUon of Awful Providences. 8vo, pp. 38. M 

Pennsylvania. Defence of tiie legislative ConstitulioD of Pennsjlvaiiis H 

it now stands. Pbiladelpbia. 
Peoneylvania. Lnwsofilic Province of, now in force. Collected inloone 

volume. Polio. Pbiladelpliia. Printed and Sold by Andrew BmdfnnL 
I Earlliquakes. Willi Preface bj 
Sermon al Eion.Jan, 30, 1710-17. 

Pierce, James. The Curse Causeless. 

3d Ed. 13nio. Boslon. 
Herce, James. Same. 6th Ed. ISmo. Boaton. 

Prince, Rev. Tliomas. Sermon at the Lecture in Boston Jn!y 28. ITWL 

In ilie Audience of bis Excellency the Lleutenani Oovemor, tbe Coim- 

cil and Assembly, a few Days after his Excellency's Arrival here. 8vo, 

pp. 20. Boston. 
Prince, Thomas. Sermons on the Earthquake, 2d ed. (SceI727.) BostOT. 

Prince, Tbomaa. Departure of Elijah laincnled. A Sermon occnsioned 
hy the Death of ('ullon Mather. »vo, pp. 28. Boston. 

Prince. Thomas. The Grave and Death destroyed, and Bclievera Ran- 
someil aud Ilcde^ued from them. A Sermon .it Middlcboroagh, on 
the Death of Samuel Princji, Esq, 8to, pp. 2S. Boston. 

Qaiek, John. The Young Hen's Claim unto the SucratuenI of ibe Lord's 
Supper. Or the ExamiuitUon of a Pereon approaching the Tabic of 
the Lord. Sth edition. 12mo, pp. 32. Boston. 

Rogers. John. Nature and Necessity of Repentance : A Discuane occm- 

EJoned by the Earthquake. l6mo, pp. 78. Boston, 
llassell, Robert Seven Sermons. Boston (Rrprinted.) 
Sewall, Joseph. He that would kMp God's Commandiuunta must re- 
nounce the Sodely of Evil Doers. A Sermon at Ibe publirk Lertuni 
in BosUin, July 18, 1728. ufU-r h blooily and mortal Duel. 8ti>. pp. 28. 
PrcCua bj tbe MiDlitenofDciiIan. See Colnun. Bonjamlu, 

Bewail, Joseph. Two Sermons on the Earthquake. 8vo, pp. 09. BiMlon. 
Bewail. Joseph. The Holy Spirit Ibe Gift of God. A Semion pr«cbod 
~ -n a Fast Day, Nov. 18, 1723. 13mo, pp. 33. Boston. 

mti, William. History of the Rise Increase and Progress of the Chi 

iui People called Qnakers; Intermixed with several nmiarkablr _ 
' oamnn's written originally in Low Dnlch.and by him translat«dlnl 
' English. I>ediimteclU>Oeo. L 3dcd. Corrected. Fol. Philadelphl 

Thh b Ihr Wxikninnllnnol hj nr. l>-niDklln In hli UctDoln. ihs PrinUaeoT ' ~ 


Ante-Revolutionart Publications. 


f Sewtl. William. Same. Boston. Sold by E. PhiUipB, Cliarlestown. 
I Stone, NaUianiel. Coiicio ud Mugistrntum. Assize Sermon, Barnetable, 

April 34, 1738. Svo, pp. 15. Boslou. 
( Bvill. Jonatlian. A Diacourse of the Coniests and DisaenUonB lielween 

Hie Nobles and Hie Comraona of Aihenfl Hnd Rome. 8vo, pp. 60. 


Prince ujrg the reprint wis b; iKrectlan oFGoc, Bamet. 

Vincent. NHtliankl. The Day of Grace, &c. 8vo, pp. 160. Boalon. (Re- 

Webb, John. Brief Discourse at tbe Ordination of n Deacon. Svo, pp. 33. 

Webb, John. Tlie Believer's Rsiemption, ic. Sermon at Newport Dec 

81. 1727. Svo, pp. 35. Newport. 
Webb, Jolin. Vows made to God in Troable to be religiously paid lo him. 

A Surmon on a Special Occtiition. ISmo, pp. 41. Boston. 
Weekes, Oeorgc Ebenezert or, a Pnithftil and Exact Account of God's 

Great GoCKlnesa to Mr. Ehenezer Taylor. Svo, pp. 24. Boston. 
Wt^leswnrlb. Samnel. A EeiipouaFearof God's Tokens. A Sermon at 

Ipswicb Nov. l.on a Dny of Humihaliiin, on Accomil of the Terrible 

Eartliqnake in 1727. Witli an Address lo hia People. Svo, pp. 42. 

n tlic Dealli of Thomas Buggies 

ISmo, pp. 

Williams, Ellsba. Sermon 

New Londcn. 

WllliaiDB, Eliaha. A Sermon before the General Assembly of Connecticut, 
Oct. 23, 1787. IBmo, pp. 47. New London. 

WIlliaHia, William. Sermmi M tbe Ordination of Hcv- NclifmiaL Hull, 
Wi'BlQtUI, Oct. 20, 1720, Rvii, pp. 33. Boston, 

Address to the luliabitanis of Massachusetts Bay, occaaioucd by a lute 

Attack on their Liberties. 4lc>. Boston. 
Almanac. Nathaniel Ames. Boston. 
Alnuinac. Nathan Bowen. N. E. Diary. Boston. 
Alroannc. William Birkelt, I'hilad, A. Bradford. 
Almanac N. Whillcniore. Boston. 
Almanac. John Jerman. Pliilad. 
Almanac. Poor Robin. J. Fninkliu. Newport. 
Almanac Titan Leeds. Pliilml, 
Almanac. Gndrreys. Pliitnd, 
Almanac Feliic Leeds. Philad. 
Barclay, Rolwrt. Apnloej' for tbe True Cliristian Divinity as preached hv 

the Qnakcrs. fitli edition in English. Svo, Newport. 

BXe«. William. Christ in the Clouds coming to Judgement ; or Hie DIs- 
MitiiUun ofidl Tilings, &c. 8vc), pp. 30. BoBlon. 

418 EJJSTORY OF Printinq in America. 

Baxter, Joseph. Early aeekinff of Gkxl a great Daty. And pndiiiig God 
the Bofliness for Young People to be employed in. Some Sermons 
delivered to two Societies of Toung Men in Medfleld, to which is 
added some Sermons on the great Danger of Secarity. Boeton. 

Brown, John. Sermon at Newbury-Newtown Feb. 27, 1727-98 prepara- 
tory to the Lord's Supper. Boston. 

Buclcingham, Ttiomas. Ck>nnecticut Election Sermon May 9, 172S. 12ou>, 
pp. 52. New London. 

Bulkley, John. Impartial Account of a late Debate at Lyme in Ooanecti- 
cut on the Throe following Heads: L The Subject of Baptiam. IL 
The Mode of Baptising, and IIL The Maintenance of the liDnlfltefB of 
the Gk)spel, See 12mo, pp. 200. New London. 

Bulkley, John. Sermon at Colchester at Ordination of Rev. Jodah Lewes 
Dec 17, 1720. 8vo, pp. 48. New London. 

Byles, Mather. Character tif the Perfect and Upright Man. Sermon. 
12mo, pp. 27. Boeton. 

Chipman, John. Seasonable Meditations for the last dajr of the Year. A 
Sermon at the Lecture in Wenham Dec. 81, 1728. 12mo, pp. 2L 

Colnian, Benjamin. The Character of his Excellency William Burnet, 
Esq. Late Govcmour of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay. Folio, 
half sheet Boston. 

Colman, Bet^amin. Credibility of the Christian Doctrine of the Resume- 
tion. Sermon on the Death of Wm. Welsteed, Esq. 8vo, pp. 82. 

Colman, Benjamin. Sermon at the Boeton Lecture on the Death of Rev. 
Solomon Stoddard. 8vo, pp. 25. Boston. 

Cotton, John. Four Sermons to a Society of Young Men in Newtown. 
12mo, pp. 85. Boston. 

Cotton, .Tolin. Sermon nt BrUtol on the Death of Mr. Nathaniel Cotton. 
r2mo, pp. m. Hoston. 
With iiiinutcH uf Mr. (■(»tU»i) by another luiiid. 

DickitiHon, Jonutliiin. HeuiarkH upon ii DiscourHi; intiiled an Overture 
pr(.*Hontcd to the 8yn(M] of Dissenting MinisterH ut Philadelphia, Sept 
1728. lOmo, pp. a2. New York. 

Dummer, Jcreniiuh. Letter to a Gentleman in Boston, Aug. 10, 1729 on 
tlie assembly tixing the Governor's Sulary. 4to, pp. 8. (B<Mton?) 

Eells, Natlianiel. S<Tnion at the Ordination of Rev. Thomas Clap at 
Taunton, Feb. 21, l?28-9. Svo, pp. 47. Boston. 

Flavrl, .John. Token for Mourners. lOmo, pp. VU. Boston. 

Flynt, Henry. Sennon at tlie Tliursday I^»cture April 3, 1729. 8vo, pp. 
19. Boston. 

Fox, John. Time and the End of Time. Two Discourses. 12mo, pp. 
210. Boston. 

Foxcroft, Tlionias. Sermon at tlie Thursday I^»eture June 19, 1729 on the 
Deatli of Kev. Jolin Williams and Rev. Thomas Blowers. 8vo, pp. 
(4) ii, ;J0. (r)). Boston. 

Franklin, Benjamin. A Modest Inquiry into the Nature and Necessity of 
a Paper Currency. 

Gee, Joshua. The Strait Gate and tlie Narrow Way, Infinitely preferable 
to Ihe Wide Gate and tlie Broad Way. Two SiTnions. ]2mo, pp. 
10;{. Boston. 

Ante-Revolutjonaky Publications. 419 

8vo, pp, 158. 

Haseiwood, Francis, fieruion before tlie Lord Mayor of London, in Ibe 

Caihedral Church of St. Paul's Jan. 30,1720. ISmo.pp. 10. Boston. 

Kdmer. SamaeL A Touch of the Times, eta Philadelphia. Printed hy 

S. Eeimer. 
Maryland, Voles of the Resolves of tlie Lower Houtie of ABsembly of the 

Province of. July-August 1739. No. 1 to 14. Fol. Annapolis. 

Maasachiisell*. A Collection of the Proceedings of the General Assembly 

oC HHssnchiiH(-tt» relative lo Hxing a Salary on the Oovernor. 4ti>, pp. 

113. Boston. 
Mather, lucrease. Icliabod, Or a Discourse shewing what Cause tliere is 

lo lear tliat the Glory of the Lord U departing frum New England. 

Boston. Beprinlcd. 

Mather, Samuel. Life of Cotton Mather. Dedicated lo the University of 
Glasgow. 8vD, pp, 180. Boston. Printed for 8. Gerrisli. 
CuDtalnlnitB ver:r Iniceonie aiiil Imperfect U»t of (J. U'b pablicullons, 

Meredith, John, A Short Discourse, proving that the Jenlab,or Scvenlh- 
day Sabliatli, is abrogated or repealed, pp, 21, Philadelphia. 

N'ew England Psalm Book. Boston. 

Phillips, Samuel, Advlcelo aCUild. A Discourse. ISmo, pp. 13B. BoaUm. 

Pious Man's Directions (The) ; shewing how to walk with God all hte 
Day a. Boston. 

Religions Life, the great Importance of, considered. To which is added 
Botue Morning and Evening Prayers. Boston. 

Seguinot, Monsieur, A Horoish Priest at Oanada.a Letter written by him 
to one who was taken Captive (Mr.*, Baker) when a child, end in- 
strucicd in the Itomish Faitli, but Is since returned to New England, 
her native Couiilry. With un Answer lo said Letter by a Oenlieman 
(Gov. Bumel), to whom it was communicated, 8vo, pp, 26. Boston. 

Smith, Josiah, Sermon at the Opening of a Presbytery at Cliarlt'slon, S. C, 

March 5. 1728-9. Svo, pp, 11. Boston. 
Stoddard, Solomon, Safely of Appearing at Ihe Day of Judgment in the 

Righleousness of ChriuL 2d edition. Svo, pp. 2!)S. Boston, 
To wnscnd, Jonathan. Two Past Sermons at Needham, March 21,1737-8. 

12mo, Boston, 
Tufla. John. Sermon nt the Ordination of Benjamin Bradstreet, Gloucester, 

Sept. 18, 1728, lOnio, pp, 23. Boston. 
Vincent, Thomas. Explicatory Catechism, itc. (See 1711.) 12mo, pp. 

320. Boston. 
Virginia, Laws of. Fol, Williamsburgb. Primed by Wm. Parks, 
Watts, [ssHc. Directions for tlie belter Government of some particular 

Tempers and Passions. Bo.stoii. 


420 History of Pkinting in America. 

Walls, Iwiac. Psulms of Ditvid. 711i tdiiion. Pliilii(M(iliia. Fratiklin A 


Webb, Juhn. Some PJaiD nad Necessary Direcliona tu obtaia Etemftl 
^ Salvftiion. lo Six Serinoas. 12mo, pp. 170. BoBion. 
Wiggluswonli, Edward, Disoourec concerning llie Duration of ilie Pun- 

lahmoDtof the Wickeil in a Future Slste. Delivered at Uic Tliursday 

T.ieclurc in Boston, April 94, 172S. Svo, pp. 10. Boston. 
Willinms, Jolin. A Serious Word to posteritj of liolf Men. 

from geversi Sermons. 8vo, pp. S8. Boston. 
Willianis, Wiltiam. Sermon at Ibe Ordination of Rev. David Hall I 

Sutton. I'2mo, pp. 34. Boston. 
Williams, William. Sermon on Lbe Dealb of Rer. Solomoo Stoddc 

8vo,pp. 2B. Boston. 
Williams, Willism, Several Sermons on Hcl>. xi,7. and Prov. ii, 1. BobIob^*] 
Wise, Jeremiah. MaasachUBHlB£lecliun9ermon,lT3B. 8vo,pp.'i4 Boston. 
Woodward, JoHiaL. Fair Warning lo a Careless World, or Ihe •erlom 

prBctice of Religion recommended by the Admonitions of Dying Uen. 

Togeiber with TillotBon's Advice to Sick Persons. 4th edition. ISmo. 


AdaniB, Eliplialel. Sermon al Ibo Ordinalion of John Owi 

Nov. 23, 1727. laiuo, pp. 44, ^ew London. 
Almanac. Nitlhiiniel Ames. Boston. 
Almanac. Naiban Bowen. (Native of N, E.) Boston. 
Almanac. Poor Robin, J. Franklin. Newport, 
Almanac. Godfrey's. Pliiladelpbia. 
Almanac. Felix Leeds. New York. 
Almanac. Tilan Leeds. Philadelphia. 
Bass. Benjamin. PnreuU and Children exhorted to tlidr Duly. 

at Newport, R, I., Sept. 28, 1729. 8vo, pp. 18. Newport 
Bucket, W. (Hissionar? at Lewes.) Visilallon Sermon ; preached before 

Ibe Reverond Uie OouimiseHry, and Ihe rest of the derey ofPennByl- 

vaDiH,in Christ Church. Pliilitdelphia. Printed by Andrew Bradford. 
Boylston, Zabdiel. History of the Small Pox Inoculated in New England 

upim all sorts of Persons. With Directions lo the InesperieDCed. 

Dedicated u> her ilnyal Iligness the Princess of Wales. Second edition. 

8vo, pp. Sit. Boston. 
Boylston, Dr. Zabdiel. Letter to, occasioned by a lute Disserlatlon ci 

ceming Inoculation of the Small Pox. 8vc>. pp. 14. Boston. 
Bulkley, John. Sermon at llic Ordination of Judab Lewes, ColchesWI 

8vo, pp. 48. New London. 
Golden, Ciulwalloder. History c)f the Five IndiEUi Nalious. Philudelpbin. 

Priuled by Andrew Brudford. 

Ooiman, Benjamin, Narrative of the Success and Method of Inoculaliiq 
theSmallPoxin New England, witha Reply to ihe ObJecUousB) 
it from Principles of Conscience. Bvo. Boston. 
bl'Cblmim, Benjamin. Sermon on the Death of Slmcoa Stoddard, Esq. Q 
^~ Boston, 8vo, pp. (0), 10. Boston. 

Jtnan, Benjamin. Qovomment Ihe Pillar of the 
- BostuD Aug. 13. 1730. 8vu, pp. lit. Boslon. 

I, at Grutoo, ^H 
y. Setm^^^ 

Ante-Revolutionary Publications. 421 

Companion for Commuuicnnts ; or the Christian Instructed in the Great 
Duty ot worthily approaching the Table of the Lord, &c. Being a 
Collection of Tracts from several Authors. Boston. Reprinted. 

[Cook, Ebenezer.] Sot weed Redivivus: Ur the Planter's Looking Glass. 
In Burlesque Verse. Calculated for the Meridian of Maryland. By 
E. C. Gent. 4to, pp. 28. Annapolis, Md. Printed by Wm. Parks, 
for the author. 
See 1781. 

Cooper, William. God*8 Concern for a godly Seed. In a Sermon. 8vo, 
pp. 40. Boston. Reprinted. 


Cooper, William. A Reply to the Objections against taking the Small 
Pox in the Way of Inoculation. 3d edition. 8vo, pp. 16. Boston. 

Cummings, Archibald. E-xhortation to the Clergy of Pennsylvania, at 
Philadelphia, Sept. 24, 1729. Philadelphia. 

Deans, Rev. Archibald. Account of Christian Kerr, who died at Edin- 
burgh Feb. 4, 1702, In the 11th Year of her Age, &c. 12mo, pp. 22. 
Boston. Reprinted. 

Douglass, William. Practical Essay ccmcerning the Small Pox, &c. 8vo, 
pp. 38. Boston. 

Douglass, William. A Dissertation concerning the inoculation of the 
Small Pox. 8vo, pp. 28. Boston. 

Earthquakes. Some Rude and Indigested Thoughts on the Terrible Ma- 
jesty of God In the Works of Nature, Particularly in the Phsenomena 
of Earthquakes. (A Poem.) 16mo, pp. 12. New London. 

Elegy on the Death of that Ancient, Renowned, and Useful Matron and 
Midwife, Mrs. Mary Broad well, who rested from her labors Jan. 2, 
1730, aged 100 years and one day. Philadelphia. 

Fisher, George. The American Instructor; or Young Man's Best Com- 
panion. To which is added, the Poor Planter's Piiysician ; with 
prudent Advice to young Tradesmen. 12mo. Philadelphia. Reprinted. 

Fisher, Huirh. Preservative from damnable Errors in the Unction of the 
floly One. Sermon at Charleston, S. C. 8vo, pp. 84. n. p. 

Foxcroft, Thomas. Pleas of the Gospel Impenitcnts examined and refuted. 
Two Lecture Sermons, Feb. 5 and April 23. IGmo, pp. 70 Boston. 

Foxcroft. Thomas. Observations Historical and Practical on the Rise and 
Primitive State of New England. Century Sermcm at the First 
Church, Bostoij, Aug. 23, 1730. 8vo, pp. 40. Boston. 

Gay, Ebene/.er. Sermr)n at Ilingham Aug. 12, 1730, on the Arrival of 
Gov. Belcher. 8vo, pp. 35. Boston. 

Gibson. Edmund (Bishop of London). Pa.storal Letter on Infidelity. 8vo, 
pp. 48. Boston. 
From the 5th London edition. 

Inoculation. Dissertation C(mcerning Inoculation of the Small Pox. 
(fiviiig some .Vccount of the Rise, Progress, Success. Advantages, and 
Disjulvanlages of receiving the Small Pox by Incisions, lllustrateci 
by sundry Cases of the Inoculated. Boston. 

Jane way, Rov. James. Heaven upon Earth ; or the best Friend in the 
Worst Times. 8vo, pp. 350. Boston. Reprinted. 

Letter to a Parishioner, which J. Molt Pretended to answer in a pamphlet 
entitled The Great Work of Christ's Spirit, &c. Small 8vo. New 
York. Printed by John Peter Zeiiger. 
About 17:J0. 

II] 53 



Loiiilon. Bislicip of. Pastoritl Letter In the Pvnpit' of bis niocvse, pnntc 
larly Ihe two arreat Cities of Liiiidoii and Wesiminsltr. Oc^sioof 
by some Late Writings in favor of l]iB<1elity. (lUi ediiioD. 
48. Bostiin. 

Marriage. A Treatise concerning. Wrilten for tlte inronnation and b 

fit orCbrislinnProrfSgiira tn general i und rccuni mended niorepiirtioi|A| 
Inrly to tlic Youth of dther Sex amongBt the People called Q 

Mnseey, He*. Edninad. Sennon prenclied »t St. Andrews, HoltMirn. Jn^ 
B, 1T3Z, Agxinst the Dangerous nnd Sinflil Pniciicc of Inocu1alla~ 
8vn, pp. 32, Eninrged and corrected, from tlie 3d (hIIIihii. 

Mother, Amrisb. Sermon at the OrdinaUon of Mr. George Beckwitb, is 
Lyme, Jan. 23. IT2U, 30. 13mo, pp. 18. New LondoD. 

m. Bosi 
MutaiewH. Itcv. JMordecni. Tbe Chrislinn's Ditlly Exercise. 24l»o, | 

12. Uoslon. Itfprinleil. 
Mead, Uathcr. Tbe Almost Cbrisllan Discovered. 13mo, pp. SOO. 

Bosl'iu edition, liimu, pp. 1U4. 
Holineui, Hurj. Fniits of Retirement: Or Miscelianeoiu Poems, i 

and IHvine. PlillaileEptiia. Reprinted. 
Morgan, Abel (of Penepek, Penn.). Cyd-coniiart cgwyddorawl o'r Sctr*" 

Ibursu; or a Welch Concordance of the Holy Bible. PoL Pbiladelpbik. 
Morrill, Nntbaniel. Memento Mori. A Plain Discourse to a Plain People. 

13mo, pp. 08. Boston. 
Muscipula Sive Enmbpo-myoninxia. The Mouse Trap, or the Baltic of 

[he Cembrian and Mice. 13mo, pp. 63. (With a poetical dedication 

to UoT. Ualrert. in which occurs the following, " First Essay of !jitin. 

Poetry lu Engllsb Diess, which Maryhind hath publiahou Irom tha 


BixBiit. llag..tol. i., p. IS*. 
New England Psaber (The), Or, Psalms of David. With tbe Proverbs of 

Solomon, And Christ's Sirmon on tlie Mount. (33d edition ? Bunion.. 
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last Session of At>acnihl; held ut Perth Auiboy, bcginuing tlic TiL oC' 

Ha). 1730. New Yorlt. 
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Parker, Dan iei. Esq. A Persuasive to tnake a Publick Confession ufCbi. 

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Rev. Thoniaa Prince. 8vo, pp. IB. Bosion. 
Peace. Tlie Lords' Protest On tlie Treaty of Peace, t'nlou and Fri< 

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Pede, , D,D. Door of Salvation oi>cncd ; or, A Voice 

10 Unregeneralt^l Sinners. Boston. Reprinted. 
Prince, ThumuB. Massacbusutis Eleciio 
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I Bejuolds, John. CninpnssioDale Address to llic Cliristian World. BoB- 
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I 'Sftndifurd, Ralph. Ncgroe TreivtUe. 2-i edition. 

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I Bmith, JoHiflli. The Divine Rlshl of Private Judement vindicntpd, in 
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History of Friar Buron, MH^iciuii of England, and the Lives of C<«*9 
jurcrs BuDgcy nnd Vandermast. Truly translated from the origintl. 

Foscroft, Thomas. Sermon before the Execution of Rebekab ChamblU,! 

Sept. 87, 1783. With Preface by W. Cooper, and conference wll^V 

the Prisoner by M. Byles. 8vo, pp. 73. Boston. 
Graham. John. Sermon at New Mllford Aug. 23.1732, occasioned fajrj 

the Spread of Quakerism in that place. ]2mo, pp. 43. New Londtsr 
Hall. Samuel. Bitter AfHictions remembered and inprovtid. Sen 

occasioned by the- raging of the Small-Pox in New Cheshire. 

New London. 
Henchman, Nalbanicl. Sermon at Wilmington, Oct. 24, 17S3, at 

Ordination of James Varney. 12mo, p|>. 29. Boston. 
Honcyman, James (Supposed Author). A Sermon preached at ttieEling 

Chapel in Boston N. E. nt a convention of Episcopal Hlnislcr«/l 

Ibe year 172G. 12mo. Boston, (ttare ) 
Johnson, Samuel. I,etter from a Minister of the Church of England t 

bis Dissenting Parishioners, lanio, pp. 31. New Tuck. 
1, Daniel. Sermon at Sioninglon, Conn., Dec. 3T, ]7:t8, at the Ord 

nation of Joseph Fish. 12mo. pp. 39. New London. 
„-j, James. Part of a Charge delivered to lite Grand Inquest at TiA 

Udelphla 24tb Sept. 1833. Folio, pp. 8. 
bUier, Samuel. Vita B. August! Hermann! Fmnckli, cui aiyeota (_ 

Narratio Rcrum Memuraliilium in EeclesUs Evangelicis per GenBH 

niam. 8vo, pp. 31. 11. Busloiii. 

Ante-Revolutionary Publications. 433 

De Lancey, James. Charge to the Grand Jury 1784 Folio, pp. 8. New 

Edwards, Jonathan. Sermon at Boston on Matt xvi, 17. 12mo. Boston. 

Edwards, Jonathan. A Divine and Supernatural Light imparted to the 
Soul by the Spirit of God. A Sermon at Northampton. 8vo, pp. 31. 

Eells, Nathaniel. Sermon at Stonington June 14, 1733 at the Ordination 
of Rev. Nathaniel Eells, Jun. lOmo, pp. 72. New London. 

Free Masons. The Constitutions of the ; containing the history, charges, 
etc. 4to. Philadelphia. Reprinted by B. Franklin in the Year of 
Masonry 5734. 

Graham, Jolm. The Duty of Renewing their Baptismal Covenant Proved, 
and Urged upon the Adult Children of Proicssing Parents. 8vo, pp. 
13. Boston. 

Greenwood, Isaac. Prospectus of Explanatory Lectures on the Orrery. 
16mo, pp. 4. Boston. 

Hancock, John. Sermon at the Boston Lecture before the General Court, 
Nov. 21, 1734. 8vo, pp. 26. Boston. 

Johnson, Samuel. A Second Letter from a Minister of the Church of 
England to his Dissenting Parishioners. In Answer to Some Remarks 
made by one J. G. 8vo, pp. 113. Boston. 
See Some Remarks, 1733. 

Kent, Benjamin. A Sermon in Marlborough, July 9, 1734. The Divinity 
of Christ Vindicated against the Socmian and Arian Heresys, &c. 
Per Amicum. 8vo, pp. 24. Boston. 

Letter relating to the Divisions in the First Church of Salem. 8vo, pp. 
15. Boston. 
Poesibly by Rev. B. Prescott. (Prince Cat.) 

Lives ami Cliaractcrs of Sejanus and ProU^silaus, Redivivus, with many 

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of tlicf l*ress, are inseparable. 

AdvcTtiKed iu Phil. American Weekly Mercury, April 18, 1734, as "now in the 

Lord, Joseph. Letter to the Genenil Convention of Ministers of Massa- 
chusetus Bay, concerning troubles in the Church at Chatham. 8vo, 
pp. (4) 12. Boston. 

Murray, Joseph. Opinion, relating to the Courts of Justice in the Colony 
of New York. 4to, pp. 44. New York. 

Pennsylvania. A Supplement to the Acts of the Assembly of, for the 
Relief of the Poor. Philadelphia. 

Prince, Nathan. Essay to solve the Difficulties that attend the several 
Accounts given by the p]vangelists concerning our Saviour's Rt'sur- 
rection, anil his appearances to his Followers. 4to, pp. 30. Boston. 

Psalter, the, or Psalms of David. 8vo. New York. 

Report of the Committee of his Majesty's Council, appointed to make 
Inquiry touching a Letter found in the House of Mr. Alexander, in 
New Vork, Feb. 1, 1733-4. With other Papers relating to said Letter. 
New York. 

Rilling Elders. A Vindication of the Divine Authority of Ruling Elders 
in the Churches of Christ. 8vo, \)\). 15. Boston. Reprinted. 

Hniith, William. Opinion hiiinbly offered to the General Assembly of the 
Colony of New York, on the Tth of June, 1734 ; relating to the Courts 
of Eqiiily within said Colony. 4to, pp. 45. New York. 

434 History of Printing in America. 

Vindication of JamoA Alexander, one of his MaJcsty*B Council for the 
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uy the Hon. Francis Harrison, &c. The other a Report of the Com- 
niitu^ of his Ma|(«ty's Council. To which is added a brief Account 
of th(! Case of William Trusdell against Francis Harrison, etc. New 

Wt!bb, John. Fast Sermon June 18, 1734. 16mo, pp. 41. Boston. 

Wobb, John. Thursday Lecture Sermon in the hearing of two condemned 
Aialc'fa(ttorH. With an Apiiendix by liev. Mr. Cooper. 12mo, pp. 
29. Boston. 
Hee Cooper, Wm. 

Whiti;, John. Now England's Lamentations ; with Reasons for adhering 
to our Platform, and Vindiaition of the Divine Authority of Ruling 
Elders. lOmo, pp. 2, 4, 42, 10, 15. Boston. 
id in\. CDlar)(txl. 

WilcfKtkH, Thomas. A Choice Drop of Honey from the Rock Christ. 16mo. 

Williams, Eilwanl. (An English Slave in Turkey 11 years.) The Fi?e 
Stningr. Wonders of the World ; Or, a new merry Book of All Fives. 
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Abbot, Hull. Jehovah's (Character as a man of War. Artillery ElectioD 
SiTUion, 1 735. 8vo, pp. ;}5. Boston. 

Adams, Kliphalct. Sermon on the Meeting House being struck by Light- 
ning, Aug. 31, 1735. lOmo, pp. 46. New Londtm. 

iniit«'<' of tin' (Jrucral Assembly of the Colony of New Vork, &t:. 
F«)l., pp. l'«>- N^'^^' Vork. 

Alex:iiul«T, James. His DLsiivowal of ('onmTtion with Hon. Gronru 
Clarke. Broadside. New Vork 1735-<). 

Alnianae. N. Bowen. Boston. 

Alinanae. Nath. Ames. Boston. 

Alinaiiae. Poor Robin. Newport. 

Alinanae. T. (lotlfn-v. Philadelphia. 

Alinanae. Poor Hichanl. Philadelphia. 

Alnianae. Titan Le«'ds. Philadelphia. 

Abnaiiae. Win. Birkitt. Philadelphia. 

Apph'ton, Nailianirl. Srrnion at tlu' Onlination of .Iidin Sar£n»nt, Dwr- 
lii'ld. Aui:. ol, MlVi, as Missionary tt> tin- Housatonic Indiann. ^vo, 
pp. \iv, 03. Boston. 

Balrh, William. Sennon Oet. 4,17^^2. at the Gatherinsr of the S**«.ond 
Cliunh in Ht>\vlry. Svo, pp. ll». Bosiun. 

Brard, TiMunas. l.ifr of. Wnite by Himsflf. With Sonu* aecount of Li? 
l)t'aili. l\.*ni«». pp. \vi, 47. Bi»ton. Bt-printt-d. 

I'll rku ilh. <Mor:re. Adam's LiJ-ini: and (.'hrisi*-* S^vini: all iht-ir S♦■^^l. 
A Si-rinon at ili»- Ltrtun- in Ka<t-lladdani Jun*- V2, \1M. >vu. pp.iti. 


Ale.\an<ler, .lami's, and Smith, William, (who were silenced by 
Supreme Court for an alleged eontempt] their Complaint to the (.V 

Ante-Revohjtionart Publications. 435 

Boston, alias Sampson, Patience. His confession, &c. at his execution at 
York, Me., July 24, 1735 for the murder of Benjamin Trot a child 8 
years old. 8vo, pp. 8. Boston. 

Brief Essay on the number Seven. A Poem. By a Well-wisher to Truth. 
12mo. Newport, R I. 

Bunyan, John. Grace Abounding. Boston. Reprinted. 

Cabot, Marston. Thanksgiving Sermon, Nov. 7, 1734. 8vo,pp. 23. Boston. 

Cato. Cato's Moral Distichs Englished in couplets. 4to, pp. 25. Phi- 

By Hon. Jamee Logan. Sappoeed to be the lint inetance of a claaelc translated 
and printed in the Brmsh Cioloniee. 

Clark, Peter. A Sinner's Prayer for converting Grace. Sermon at the 
Thursday Lecture Feb. 13, 1734 12mo. Boston. 

Clark, Peter. Scripture Grounds of the Baptism of Christian Infants, and 
the Mode of Administration. Together with a larger Vindication, 
both of the Subject and Mode of Baptism, against Mr. Walton. 8vo, 
pp. xxxiv, 136. Boston. 

Colman, Benjamin. Reliquiae Turellaj. Two Sermons at Medford, April 
6th, 1735, after the Funeral of his Daughter, Mrs. James Turrell. With 
Memoir by her Consort, Ebenr. Turrell. 8vo, pp. 129. Boston. 

Colman, Benjamin. A Brief Dissertation on the Three First Chapters of 
Genesis. 8vo, pp. 59. Boston. 

Colton, Benjamin. Sermons on the Change of the Sabbath, and on Bap- 
tism. 16mo, pp. 67. New London. 

Crosby (J.). A Copy of a Case between Joseph Crosby of Worcester, in 
the County of Worcester, Sadler, Plaintiff; and Jacob Wyman of 
Wobiim in the County of Middlesex, Trader, Defendant. [No Title- 
page.] 4to, pp. 11. 

Cutler, Timothy. Sermon Nov. 28, 1734 on the Deaths of John Nelson 
Esq., and Mrs. Elizabeth Nelson. 8vo, pp. 16. Boston. 

Dickinson, Jonathan. God's Protecting Providence Man's Surest Help in 
times of Danger. An account of a remarkable deliverance from 
Sliipwreck, and from the Cannibals of Florida, as related by one of 
the persons concerned. (See 1699.) 2d edition. Philadelphia. 
Frequently reprinted, here and in London. 

Emerson, Joseph. Meat out of the Eater, and Sweetness out of the Strong. 
A Sennon at Maiden, Sept. 28th, 1735. 8vo, pp. 23. Boston. 

Fisk, Samuel. Remarks on the Contents of a Letter relating to the Divi- 
sions of the First Church of Salem. Svo, pp. 16. Boston. 

Fisk, Samuel. A Faithful account of the Proceedings of the Ecclesiasti- 
cal Couucil convened at Salem in 1784, occasioned by the Scandalous 
Divisions in the First Church in that town. 8vo, pp. 94. Boston. 

Gillespie, George. Treatise against the Deists or Free Thinkers. Phila- 

Hancock, John. Sermon at Lexington Jan. 2, 1733^, at the Ordination 
of Rev. Ebenezer Hancock. 12mo, pp. 21. Boston. 

Hemphill, Samuel. Some Observations on the Procet»dings against. 
With a Vindication of his Sermons. 2d edition. 12mo, pp. 32. 
Ascribed to Franklin In Webster's Uist. of Presb. Ch., p. iii. 

Hemphill, Samuel. Vindication of the Rev. Commission of the Synod in 
Answer to Observations, &c. 16mo, pp. 6-3. Philadelphia. 

436 History of Printing in America. 

ncmphill, Samuel. A Defence of the Rev. Mr. Hemphlirs Observatioiw ; 
or, An Answer to a Vindication of the liev. CooimUsion. 8vo, pp. 
47. Pliiladeli)hia. 

ncmphill, Samuel. Letter to a Friend in the Country, ConUining the 
Substance of a Sermon on the Terms of Communion. 12mo, pp. 40. 
Philadelphia. B. Franklin. 
See Jenklne, Obadlah. 

Hemphill, Samuel. Remarks upon a Pamphlet, entitled A {letter to a 
Friend, «&c., containing the substance of a Sermon preached at Phi- 
ladelphia, in the congregation of Rev. Mr. Hemphill. 16mo, pp. 83. 

Ilemnhill, Samuel. An Extract of the Minutes of the Synod, relaUnff to 
the atfair of the liev. Mr. Samuel Hemphill, pp. 13. Phihidelphia. 

Indians. Conference at Deerfield Mass. Aug. 27, 1735, between Gov. 
Belcher and the Chiefs of the Cagnawaga, Houssatonnoc and Scan- 
tacook, and other Tribes of Indians. 4to. 

Jenkins, Obadiah. liiJinarks upon the Defence of the Rev. Mr. Hemp* 
hiirs 01)8ervations, in a Letter, &c. 12mo, pp. 22. Philadelphia. 
(Sec Hemphill.) 

Home of the lunnphlcts in (kvor of Mr. llomphill were writtCD by Franklin. Sai 
btM Life by 8parkii, p. 125. 

Letter to a Friend relating to the Differences in the First Church in Salem. 
12mo, pp. 31. Boston. (See Remarks.) 

Logic. ComiMmdium Lojjictp secundum Principia D. Rcnati Cartcsii. 
12mo, pp. (JO. Bostoni. 

Loring, Israel. Sermon at llopkinton April 9, 1735. 8vo, pp. 26. Boston. 

Monis, Judah. A (Grammar of the Hebrew Tongue. Small 4to. Boston. 

Monis, Judah. A Dissertation u|>on the 24th and the bcffinnlng of the 
2.)th Vcrst^s of tlie 41)th Chapter of Genesis; with an Historical Nar- 
ration of tlic present Jewisli Creed about the two Mes.siahs. 
SuhficriptiDnH advertixod for in Bwfon ytwu-LtMfr^ June 12, 1785. 

Moral Ucflcctions upon Death, Judgment, llniven and Hell. (A W<*Ub 
Pamplilet.) To which is added, several very curious piec(»sof Poctrj* 
esteemed hy the Ingenious to be the best extant in that Language. 
With considerabU- additions by the Reverend Mr. Hughes. 
Ailvirrlif*rd in Am. Wtt^kiy Mert'ury, Au)f. 14, IT-'Jo, an Jaiiit reprinted. 

New York. Charter of the City of. Fol., pp. 52. New York. 

New Loutlon. Remarks on an Kccleslaslical ('ouncil in the North Parish 
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(No place.) 

Nomenchitura Hrevis Angh)-Latino in I'suni Scholarum. Together with 
Kxaini)les of the Five Declensions of Nouns, A:c. Per F. G. 12ni(), 
pp. ys. Boston. ^ 

Observaiiims on the Conduct of the French in America. Boston. 

? IT.V). 

IVniberlon, KlM-nezer. A Discourse delivered to the Synod held in Pbi- 
huh'lphia. l*2ino, pp. 21. New York. 

Prentice, .lohn. Mas.«iachu.-<etts Klecti<m Senncm, 17;J5. 8vo, pp. 2S. 

Prescott, Benjauiin. Kxainiiiation of Certain Remarks, &c. in a Li'tter 

to tin* Brethren of the Church of Christ in Salem, adhering to their 

Pastor. I'Jnio, pp. .jS. Boston. 

Prince, Thomas. Sermon on the Death of Mrs. Eliz;ibeth Wife of Danid 
Oliver, May 21, IT-io. svo. pp. 2»». Bosum. 

Ante-Revolutionary Publications. 437 


Salem. ' A Just and Impartial Narrative of the Controversy between tlie 
Rev. Samuel Fisk, the Pastor and a number of the Brethren of the 
First Church of Christ in Salem. 8vo, pp. 115. Boston. 

Seven. Brief Essay on the Number Seven. Poem. By a Well Wisher 
to Truth. 12mo. Newport, R. I. 

Sewall, Joseph. A Faithful Narrative of the Ecclesiastical Council at 
Salem in 1734. 8vo, pp. (2) vi, 94. Boston. 

Slator, Lionel. Instructions for the Cultivating and Raising of Flax and 
Hemp, etc., printed at Dublin, 1724. Boston. Reprinted. 

Some Considerations of, or a brief Reply to a Sermon lately Reprinted 

and dispersed among us, entitled. The Excellency and Usefulness of 

the Common Prayer, by Bishop Beveridge. 

Advertised in Bosttm Bhsening Post^ Nov. 10, 1735, as ^'speedily to be publishod 
by Subscription.** 

Stoddard, Solomon. Guide to Christ for Young Ministers. 8vo, pp. 85. 
Boston. Reprinted. 

Tennent, Gilbert. The Esiwusals. Or a passionate Perswasive to a Mar- 
riage with the Lamb of God, &c. 16mo, pp. 6(5. New York. 

Tennent, Gilbert. The Necessity of Religious Violence in order to obtain 
Durable Happiness. Preached at Perth- Amboy June 29, 1735. pp. 
45. Philadelphia. 

Tennent, Gilbert A Sermon preached in New York March 1735. New 

Tennent, Gilbert. A Solemn Warning to the Secure World from the God 
of Terrible Majesty, «fcc. 8vo, pp. 208. Boston. 

Tennent, John. The Nature of Regeneration opened, and its absolute 
Necessity In order to Sal vation demonstrated, m a Sermon from John 
III, 3, with appendix by Gilbert Tennent. Also the Nature of Adop- 
tion, with Its consequent privileges explained. 8vo, pp. 78. Boston. 

AVlggles worth, Edward. A Seasonable Caveat a<^inst believing every 
Spirit: with some Directions for trying the Spirits, whether they are 
of God. Two public Lectures at Harvard College, April 23, and 29, 
1735. 8vo, pp. 33. Boston. 

Willanl, Samuel. Brief Directions To a Young Scholar Designlnij the 
Ministry, for the Study of Divinity. 12ino, pp. 7. Boston. With a 
Preface of 4 pages by Joseph Sewall and Thomas Prince. 

Williams, Eleazer. Sensible Sinners invited to come to Christ. Being 
the substance of three Sermons at Mansfield. 4to, pp. 59. New 

Zenger, John Peter. Narrative of his Case and Trial for publishing 
Libels in the New Y'ork Weekly Journal. 4to, pp. 50. New York. 


Alexander, James. A folio Broadside in wliich he declares he had not 
consented to George Clarke's doing any act of Government. Dated 
New York Mar. 24, 1735-6. 

Almanac. Nathaniel Ames. Boston. 

Almanac. Poor Richard. Philadelpliia. 

Almanac. N. Bovven. Boston. 

Almanac. Titan Leeds. Pliiladt^lphia. 

Almanac. Win, Birkett. Philadelpliia. 
II] 55 

438 History of Printing in Abierica. 

Almanac. T. Oo(lfrcy*H. Philadelphia. 

Appletnn, Nathaniel. Tlic Christian glorying in Tribulation. A Discoune 
on the Death of Mrs. Martha (icrrish. To which is added some of 
Mrs. 0(;rriHh*s Letters. 8vo, pp. 34, 01. Boston. 

Brock, Ro1>ert. Narrative of the Proceedings of the Ministere of the 
County of I]am[)Bhire, &c. tliat have oisapproved of Mr. Breck'i 
Settlement at Springfield. 8vo, pp. 08. Boston. 

Breck, Robert. Examination of A Narrative and Defence of the MinistOB 
of IIam]>shire, wlio disapproved of the Settlement of Robert Breck at 
Springfield ; with a vindication of those concerned in the settlement 
8vo, pp. 08. Boston. 

Brown, John. Answer to Rev. Mr. Prescott's Examination of Remarks 
relating to Divisions in the Church at Salem. 12mo, pp. 105. Boston. 

Bunyan,John. Holy War. Boston. Reprinted. 

Byles, Mather. Poem on the Death of Gov. Belcher's Lady. 4to, pp. 6. 

Charleston, S. C. Port of. Nov. 1, 1736. Account of Importations and 
Exportations fl-om 1724 to 1785. Single Sheet Fol. Charleston. 

Clark. Peter. MasMichusetts Artillery Election Sermon, June 7th, 17Ml 
8vo, pp. 50. Boston. 

Column, Benjamin. Sennon on the Death of Thomas Steele, Esq. 8to, 
])p. 28. Boston. 

Colman, Ik'i^amin. The Merchandiai^ of a People Holiness to the Lord. 
Sermon July 1, 1725. 8vo, pp. 88. Boston. 

Colman, Benjamin. Dinsertaticm (m the Image of God wherein Man was 
created. 8vo, pp. 47. Boston. 

Colman, Bei^amin. Rightt^ousnt'SH and Compassion the Ruler*s Duty and 
(^Imructer. A Serinou preached on a l)ay ol Private Fasting and 
Prayer, In the Council Chanilxir Dec. 10th, 1780. 8vo, pp. 31. Boston. 

Colman, Ikinjainiu. A Sc>rmon l^reachcHl at the Public Lecture in Boston, 
July Ist, 1725. 8v<), pp. :18. HoHton. 

Cooiwr, William. Sermon at Springfield, Mass. , Jan. 20, 1730, at the Ordi- 
nation of Uobert Breck. Hvo. pp. 2<1. Boston. 
With Mr. HnvckH Coiifcwlon of Faith. 

Cosby, William ((Jov.). His Majesty's Uoyal Commission to, for the 
Government of New York. New York. 

Crosby, Thomas. Tlu^ Work of a ("liristian. With another Discourse on 
Preparation for Suilden Death. 12mo, pp 34. Boston. 

Cummings, Archibald. Tlie Character of a Righteous Ruler. Sermon on 
the Dcjitli of the Hon. Patrick (rordon, Lieut. Gov. of the l*rovinceof 
Pi'unsylvania. Preached at (^hrist Church, Philadelphia, Aug. 8, 
1730. * 8v(>, pp. 2il Piiiladelpiiia. 

Dialogue between a Hlintl .Man and Death. Translate<i out of the British 
Language, and rendered into familiar English Versi*. Philadelphia. 

Dialogue, or, Repres<*utation of Matters of Fact. Occa.sioned by some 
Mismanagements in an Kcejesiastical (*ounci1, on ctmiplaints against 
the Rev. James llilliiouse, 173(5. Hvo, pp. 35. n. p. 

Dickinson, Jcuiatlian. Vanity of Human Institutions in the Worship of 
(ioil. Sermon at Newark June 2, 173(». 12mt). New Y'ork. 
St*c IV'aoU nud I)ickiiii*c>ii, 1mJ7. 

Dickson.- -. KuL'lisli Instructor, rjmo, pp. 120. Boston. 

Ante-Revolutionary Pubucations. 439 

DouelHs, William. PrdcUcjil History of a new epidoraic, eruptive, miliarj 
Fever, wblcli prevailed in Boaton in tlie Years 1733 and 1T3G. 8vu, 
pp. 18. Boscun. 

Eliot, Jared. The Two Witnesses ; or Religion supported by Buaaon and 
Divine Revelation. Lecture Sermon Oct. 39, lT33,l>afore tlic Associa- 
tion of the County of New London. 13mo, pp. 78. Now Londoa 

Every Man bis own Dootor ; or Hie Poor Planter's Pliysidon. 4th edi- 
tion. Philadelphia. 

Eitch, Jabez. Two Sermons, on occasion of the Fatal Distemper, etc. 
8to, pp. 27. BuHton. 

Oraban), John. Some Remarks upon a Second Letter Iram the Church 
of England Miuislcr to his Dissenting Parishioners. 4to, pp. 138. 

GyltB, John. Commander of the Garrison on 8L George's River. Me- 
moirs of Odd Adventures, Strange DeliveraDC03&c. in the Captivity of. 
Written by himsetr. 4to, pp, 44. Boston. 

Hale. SirMathew. Some Necessary and Imporiant Consideratjoos directed 
to all sorts of People. Taken out of the Writingsof tbat late Worthy 
and Renowned Judge, Sir Hathcw Hale. 10th edition. 8vo. New 

Holyoke, Edward. Massachusetts Election Sermon 1736. 8vo, pp.51. 

Logan, Hon. Jamee, Char^ from the Bench to the Grand Imjacst at a 
Court of Oyer and Terminer, and general Oaol Delivery, held for the 
City and County of Philadelphia, April 18, 1730. 4tu. Philadelplua. 

ILiKh, JonulbuD. Connecticut Election Sermon May 13, 1730. 12mu. 
pp. 27. New London. 

Uason. Mai. John. Historv of tbe Pe<iuol War. Especially of the memo- 
rable Taking^ of their ^ort at Mistick in Cooneciicut, in 1II37. With 
an Introdnction and some eiplanatory Notes by Thomas Prince. 8vo, 
pp. 22. Boston. 

Melonclioly Stale (The) of this Province Considered, in a Letter from a 
Gentleman iu Boston to bis Friend in tlie Country. 

Adrertlsed id Dotloa Ntwi-Uaer, iolji l. 173e 

New York. Letter to one of tbe Members of the late General Assembly. 

Fol.. pp. 2. New York. 
Penbody, Oliver. Tbat Ministers are to separate Men to the Ministry, by 

Layijig on their Hands. A Sermon at BriniHcld June 9, 1780, when 

James Bridgbam was Ordained- 8vo, pp. 36. Boston. 
PeDnsylvooia. Jurisdiction of the Court of Chancery in Pennsylvania 

vindicated and assen«d, with some Remarks upon Mr. Froeman'slate 

Performance, in Franklin's Gazette. 
Adnrtlud In i>au. Am. WsMtMircHiy.ittK'ai, lTa>-6.iB " apoaitllyto lis pub- 

440 History of Printing in America. 

Prince, Tlionnis. Cliroiiolo^rical Ilintory of New England, in llie Form of 
Annals. With a brief Epitome ol' Events abroad. 8vo, pp. 20, 104, 
254. Boston. 

Prince, Tlionias. S<^nnon on the Death of the Honourable Mary Belcbcr, 
Oct. 17, 1730. 4to, pp. 42. Boston. 

Protli^l Dan/^liter (The); or The Disobedient Lady Reclaimed ; In verse; 
with cuts. Boston. 

Psahns of David (The), in Meter, Newly Translated. Allowed by the 
General Assembly of the Kirk of Scotland. 12mo, pp. (2) 840. Boston. 

Rand, William. Sc^rmon <m the Preaching of Christ 8vo, pp. 17. Boston. 

Remarkable Dream (A); turned into Verse ; With a Preface exhibiting 
some (Jbf^^rvations relating to Dreams, collected from Authors of eiui- 
nent Notxj and Worth. 
AdvcrtiHoil In limt. Newn-LetUr^ Bcpt. 23, 1730. 

Read, John. A Latin Grammar. IGmo. Boston. 

Rogers, John, and Bradford, John. Martyrology; or a brief AccouDtof 
their Lives, Sufferings and Deaths, lumo. Boston. 

New York. The Sentiments of a Principal Freeholder, OfTered to the 
Consideration of the Repre8(?ntativt»8 of the Province of New York, 
wlio are now called to meet and sit, the 14tb of September, 1736. 
(Signed F. S.) Fol., pp. 4. New York. 

Shepard, Thomas. The Sound Believer. A Treatise of Evangelical Con- 
version. 12mo, pp. 281. Boston. 

South Carolina. Acts passed by the G(;neral Assembly from Nov. 15, 
17;W to May 21), \TM\. Fol. Charleston. S. C. 

SouMi Carolinii. The Laws of the Province (»f. In two Parts. Collected 
by N. Trolt. Part I, in 2 vols. Fol. Charleston, S. C. 
lirlt. Mutit urn. 

S<nne Hiiiiarks upon A Second Letter from tiie Church of England Min- 
ister. Hvo, pp. 12H. Boston. 

Tciinenl, .loiin, M.l). Essay on t lie Pleurisy. JSvo. Williainsburgh. 

Triiiinpli.-mt Christian, or Pyin.i^ Wonls and Extraordinary Bfhtiviowr of 
a (Miilienian who departed this Life S<'pl. iith, 1725. 8vo, pp. 42. 
Boston. Uepriiited. 

Unconverlcil, The. The Sad Estate of. UJmo, pp. 50. Boston. 

Van Dam, Uij). Protestation, shewing the Steps he Inis taken in offerin/: 
his Claiiu, and the Reasons ot his Claim, of Right to the Administra- 
tion of I his (ioverniucnt on the dectrase of Governour Cosby. New 

Van Dam, Kit). Copy of his Letter tothe Several MemlxTs of the General 
Assembly, that stood adjonnied to liie Last Tuesday of M:irch IToU. 
With Till* Diilaration of a Majority of the Members of the said Gen- 
eral Assembly April 2U, 17;{G, etc. ^ew York. 

WaMo, Samuel. Dilriiec of the Title of John Leverett to Laud in llie 
Kasterii Part of Massachusetts. Fol., pp. 41. Boston. 

Walt<T, NelHiiiiali. Boston Lecture Sermon .July 12, 170G. 2d edition. 

Srr 17t»7. 

"NValioii. .lolin. The Iteliiiion of Jesus vimlieated. Occasioned by some 
Dei.stical WriiiiiL^s lately priiit«Ml in N<*\vport. 12mo, ])p. 2x. n. p. 

\Vel>l», Georirc. Ofllee. iVe. of a Justiei- of Peace in Virginia. Svo. Wil- 


Ante-Revolutionary Publications. 441 

Word in Season (A). (Election paper.) Fol., pp. 2. New York Sept. 28, 

Williams, William. Duty and Interest of a People Among Whom Reli- 
irion has been planted, to continue Steadfast. Added, Part of a Letter 
from Jonathan Edwards, giving an Account of the wonderful work of 
God in those Parts. 8vo, pp. ^) viii, 120, (2) 38, 19. Boston. 

Williams, WDliam. Discourses at a Time of Awakening; With an Ac- 
count of the late Wonderftil Work of God in Hampshire, by Jonathan 
Edwards. 12mo. Boston. 
Perhaps the same as the preceding. 


Almanac. Nathaniel Ames. Boston. 

Almanac. Po^r Richard. Philadelphia. 

Almanac. Titan Leeds. Philadelphia. 

Almanac. N. Bo wen. Boston. 

Almanac. Wm. Birkett. Philadelphia. 

Almanac. Quaker's. Philadelphia. 

Almanac. Jacob Taylor. Philadelphia. 

Almanac, (Dutch.) (Philadelphia, or New York. ?) 

Appleton, Nathaniel. Reviving Thoughts in a Dying Hour. A Discourse 
the Lord's Day after the Funeral of Mr. Benjamin Wadsworth, Pre- 
sident of Harvard College, 8vo, pp. 30. Boston. 

Appleton, Nathaniel. Sermon at the Ordination of John Sparhawk, at 
Salem, Dec. 8, 1730. 8vo, pp. 51. Boston. 

Barnard, Rev. John. Call to Parents and Children ; or the great Concern 
of Parents, and the important Duty of Children, pp. 70. Boston. 

lieach, John. An Appeal to the Unprejudiced, in a Supplement to the Vin- 
dication of the Woi*shipof God according to the Church of England. 
12nio, i)p. 108. Boston. 
Sec Dickinson, 1780 and 37. 

Brown, John. Relation of some of the remarkable Deaths among the 
Children of Haverhill, under the late Distemper in the Throat ; with 
an Address to the Bereaved. Boston. 

Sec 1738. 

Charleston, S. C. Port of. Account of Importations and Exportations 
from Nov. 1, 1736 to Nov. 1, 1737. Single Sheet. Fol. Charleston. 

Chauncy, Charles. Sermon on the Death of Jonathan Williams and 
others. 8vo, pp. 25. Boston. 

Colnian, Benjamin. Sermon preached at the Friday Lecture in Brattle 
Street, March 4, 1736-7. 8vo, pp. 30. Boston. 

Column, Benjamin. Great Duty of Waiting on God in our Straits and 
Difliculties. A Sermon preached April 17, 1737. 8vo, pp. 23. Boston. 

Colnian, Benjamin. Sermon on the Great Fire in Boston. 8vo, pp. 20. 
. Boston. 

Cooper, William. Concio llyeinalis ; a Winter Sermon, being a Religious 
Imi)rovement of the irresistible Power of God's Call. 8vo, pp. 17. 

Cumniing, Alexantler. Danger of lircakin^Cliiistian Unity. In two 
Scmiona preached at Clinst's Cliureh in Pliiladeli^hia, June 12, 1737. 

442 History of Printing in America. 

Dickioson. JoiiAtliaD. A Defence of a Sernioii preaclicd nt Newark. Jona I 

2, 1730. eniituled, The Vanity o( Ilunian InsiituLidna in tlie Worahip I 

of Ood, auaiiut the ExcoptioDS ot Mr. Julin Beach. 12iui), pp. lOi. 1 

, New York. 

Puxcm ft, Thomas. ElUlinlamentiagaftertlieOiMlof Elijah. APuneral I 

SermoD on the Death of Mr. Benjaimn Wudswonh, late President of I 
Harvard College. 8vo, pp. vi, 60. BostoD. 

Georgia. Report of the Committee appointed to examine into the Pro- I 

ceedinjgi of the People of Geurgift witli respccl to Ibo Province of 1 

South Carolina, and the DiH|iiilea subsistiug between the two colonica T 

4to. |)p. 130. Charleston, 8. C. ' 
See Bill. Mag.. 11, m. 

Hampshire NarmtiTe. Letter to tho Author of the Pamphlet callod an j 
Answer to the Hampshire NBiratlva 8to, pp. 84. Boston. 

Holvoke. Edward. Sermon at the Ordination of James Dimao, Salem, 
May II, 1737. 8vo, pp. 47. Boston. 

Lay, Benjamin. Ail Slave Keciiers that keep llic Innocaii iu Bondage , 
AjiostAtes. 12mo. Philadelphia. 

Loriug, Israel. Massachusetts Election Sermon, 1737. 8vo,pp,68, Boston. : 
Marsh, Jonathan. Connecticut Election Sermon 1730. 12mo, pp. 27. 
New London. 

Moodey, Samuel. A Faithful Narrative of God'g gracious Dealings with 

a Person lately rt^uvored from the Errors of Arminius. 8vd, pp. 8. , 

Pi;t«rB, Richard. The Two Last Sermons preuched liy him at Clirwl'i 

Church in Philadelphui July 8, 1737. 4lo. Philadi:l|ihia. 
Poem, OccaHioned by liie Untimely Death of Hugh Henderson, aliaa John \ 

Hamilton, who was Hanged at Worctster for Housu-Breakiog, Nov. | 

24, 1737. With the Confession and Dying Warning. Fol., pp. 3. I 

Poem upon the Death of Mrs. Martha Chandler, of Nortli Yarmouth. A I 

very hopeful roung Woman ; who departed this Life, August itlL J 

1737. Single Sheet. Fol. \ 

Primer. The New England Primer Enlargeii. For the more easy attain- 

ingthe true Reading of English. To which is added, The Assembly I 

oiDiThies' Catechism. 24mo, pp. 7S. Boston. 
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Proposals to Print by Subscription, A Spiritual Journey I'emporalixtsd 

To contain about 8 sheets. 
AdrenlMd in Xta York H'wUy Jaumat Ju>. 17. 1730-7. 

Proposals to re^nt by Subscription an 8vo Edition of The Archbishop of 

Cs ml) ray's Disscrla lion on Pure Love. 
_ *dTi>nl«ll In Alit. Wfltlif Ufminj. rhltnrt. Frh 5», ir»l-:. 

glous MoUncholy. Philndelphin. Priuieil by Andrew BratlforU. , 

Ante- Revolution ART Publications. 

'Bemarks od the Preface of a 
order to Vindioite Mr. J: 

Buggies, Thomiis. Seraion lo an Artillery Company at Guilford, Majr 
'is, 1736. 12mo, pp. 3H. New London. 

Scbeme (By strihing Twea^ Thousand Pounds, Paper Money) to Encou- 
rage Uie Rising of Hemp, and tlie Manufacturing of Iron in the Pro- 
vince of New York ; wlLJi Some ObBcrsiitioos. ahewing the Necessity 
and Advantages thereof. Fol., pp. 6. New Vork. 

Bcougal, Henry. Sermon Dec. SHi, on the Nativily of Our Saviour. 
ISmo, pp. S8. Boston. Reprint. 

Bewail, Joseph. & Discourse upon the Dealb of Mr. Benjamin Wada- 
wortli, President of Harvard College, 8vo, pp. 33. Boston. 

Tate and Bmdy, A New Version of Ihe Psaline of David. 16mo, pp. 
""■ Bostou. 

Tobacco Trade, Memorial Itelaiing to. Offered to the Consideration of 
the Planters of Virginia and Maryland. 8vo, pp. 3.1. Williamsburgti. 

Treaty of Friendship held with the Six Nations, at Philadelphia Sept. 
and Oct 1730. Philadelphia. 

Walton, John. Religion of .Jesua vindicated. Occasioned by Somu Do- 
isllcal WrilingB lately printed at Newport. 8vo, pp. 38. n. p. 

f 11M. 

Wigglesworth, Edward. The Faithful Servant of Christ Described and 
Rewarded. Deliveretl in Harvard College afler the Funeral of the 
President, Bov. Benj. Wadsworlh. 8vo, pp. 18. Boston. 
Williams, William. Artillery Election Sermon. 13mo, pp. 3t. Boston, 
Wisdom (The) of God crying and calling to the Sons anil Daiighlersof 
Men for Rc[H'ntnnce, Being the Tcstimotiy of Michael Welfare, &c. 
delivered to the People in Philadelphia Markul, Sept 1734, &c. Phi- 
— . The same in Ocrnian. Phlladclphin, 


Almanac, Nathaniel Ames. Bosion. 

anac, Jacob Taylor. Philadelphia. 
Almanac. Pour lUchard. Philadelphia. 
Almanac. Tilan Leeds. Philadeiphin, 
Almanac. N. Whittemore revived. Boston. 
Almanac. Wm. Birkett. Philadelphia. 
Almanac, Quakers. Philadelphia. 
Almanac, Dutch. (Philadelphia or New York ?) 

auac. Christopher Sower. (German) Germantowii, Pa. 
Bapm Ihle joat uid contiauod IIU 177H hy Sower. Ut ton, wid bl> graadtone. 

Barnard, John. The Lord Jesus the only and Supreme Head of the 
Church. Sermon at the Annual Convention of Ministers at Boston. 
Svo, pp. 34. Boston. 
'BoKton, Jnnel3, 1T38. There is now in the Preas and shortly to be 
Published, tlic Life, Character, and notable Adventures of an Emi< 
nent Person, who took his departure for Transportation from a 
famous ColU^' in Bristol, attended with 10,000 back and b<jBom 

444 HiSTORr of Printing in America. 

Prionda, witli no lesa Number of Seams and Ruptures in Ills *__ 
and Cepliolick Coverine; who nfter n woudcrful return oF GratUnri 
lo his CommBnder, amvod at PhiladelpliU a few Years ago, w'— 
(as his Patron and elder Brollier assures) there are not Ten, i " 
of Ten that equal biiu in Merit, Learning, and Ability ; to « 
added same Critical Remarks on the Recommendatory Speech laid 
made by the Raid Palron." 

Advortiaineallii .^fn. ITwt^ ir«mfry. Philad. Jodd Si. 1738. 

Browne, Arthur. Sermon before the Episcopal Clergy of New Englan 
at Christ Church Sept. 30, 1738. 8vo, pp. 30. Boston. 

Browti, John. Account of llie Number of Deaths in Ilaverliill, Sx. 

Buuyan, John. Pilgrim's Progress. 1st Part, 12iiio,in>. !50, wi 

Boston. Reprint. 
Byles, Mather. Poem on the Death oE thi; Queen, 4to, pp. 7, 
Caniplwll, John. Sermon at Worcesi«^r Nov. 24, 1737, Ix^foro the 1 

tion of John llamilton, alms Hugh Henderson, with bis Goafc« 

l!mo, pp. S6. Boston, 
Charleston, 8. C. Port of. Account of Importations and Exporthu 

fromNov. 1,1737, toNov. 1,1738. SingleShcct. Fol. CharleB 
Cleaveland, John. The Chebacco Narmtivc Rescued from tUo Charg 

Pulaebood and Partiality. In A Reply to the Answer, Printe 

Orderoftheaecond Church in Ipswich; And Falsehood and Parti 

fix'd on said Answer. By a Friend of Truth. 4Ui, pp. 20. Ba 

Colmnn, Beiijarain. First Centennial Artillery Election Sermon, ITS 

8vo, pp. 33. Boston. 
Colton, Benjamin. Counectieui Election Sermon 1737. 13mo, pp. 

New London. 
Coolidgc, Samuel. Scnnon preached at Castle William March 36, 1 

on the Death of Queen Caroline. 8to, pp. 36. Boston. 
Cooper, William. Reply to the Objections which have t)een made agaiiul 

Inoculating for the Small Pox. 8vo. Boston. (3 editions.) 
Dexter, Samuel. Century Discourse at Uedham, Mass. Nov. 2S, 1738> 

13mo, pp. 51. Boston. 
Dickinson, Jonathan. The Reasonableness of Non-Conforniily to iMl 

Church of England. A Second Defence of a Sermon preached JuMI 

3d, 1736 against the Exceptions of Mr. John Beacli. 16mo, pp. 19T. 

Dickinson, Jonntlian. Discourse on the Divine Appolntmt^ni of the Qoi- 
pclMinistry.and the Methods of ftscouveyanco through the succ«»in IheUrdination of Waller WiltuoL 8vo. Boaim. 

Douglass, William. Some Observations on tlio Scheme for emitting 
6O,O00t. in New Tenour. 8vo, pp. 25. Boston. 

Doueltiss, William. An Essay Concerning Silver and Paper Cummdei, 
Mote especially with Regard lo the British Colonies in New EnglAlid' 
8vo, pp. 33. Boston. ^ 

Edwards, Jonathan. Faithful Norralivc of the Surprisiog WoiIe of 
in the Conversion of many hundred Souls in Northampton In bLl..^ 
to Rev. Dr. Benj. Colman of Boston. Willi a large Pipftux by ifcl 
Rev. Dr. Watts and Dr. Quiso of London. To which is aiMnl » 
shorterPrefacebyBomeof UteMiniatersof BoHtou. Sd edition. Stk, 
pp. 79. Boston. 


Ante-Revolutionary Pdbucations. 

I Emerson, Joseph. Early Piety Encouraged, etc. 13ino,pp. 30. Boston. 
I EniersoD, Joaeph. A Word to tlio^c that arc afflicted very niutU. A 
' geroion in Maiden, Oct. SOth, ITilS. On the repeated Deaiha of Chil- 

dren in said Town, by the Throat Distemper. 8vo,pp. (4)26. Boston. 
Bav CoDcemlug Silver and Paper Currencies, oapecially with regard to 
New England. 8vo, pp. 33. Boston. 
[ T^tbfal Narrative of the wicked Lite and reniarliable Conversion of 
Patience Boston, alios Sampson, who was e.xecute^l at Yorke, Me, .Tuly 
S4, IT35, Sec with a preface written by llcvs. Bnmuel and Joseph 
Moody. 8vo, pp. 3B. Boston. 
L Oay, Etienezer. Well nccomplished Soldiers a Glory to their King, and 
a Defence to their Country. A Sermon at Hinghani on a Traiuing 
Day, May 10, 1^8. LSrao, pp. 20. Boston. 
llBancock, John. DIsconrse on the Death of Hon. Edmund Qulncy, April 
8vo, pp. 31. Boston. 
, Stephen. Discourse at the Ordination of the Rev. Timothy 
Symmes, Dec. 2, 17116. ISnio, pp. 26. New London. 
C Xennison, Philip. Narrative of his Life, writlen by himself. Boston. 

Se« Wlllluna, Wlllliua. 
KlAf, Beq]amhi, "Just Publislicd, Beiy. Lay's Book against Slave-Keep- 
ing, conlainioKthe Sellinfr of Joseph, a Memorial, by the Hon. Judge 
Sewall of N. England. Priutud for himself." 
Adrsniwd ia PtnH. fat., Aag- IT, 1T38. See 1T3T. 
\ liOrd, Beryamin. The Necessity of Regeneration ia Order to the Divine 
' Acceptance, Argued and applied m Two Sermons at the Publick 

■ Lecture in Norwich 1737-8. 12mo, pp. 64. Boaton. 
Loring, Israel. The Service of the Lord must be chosen presently and 
without delay. Sermon at Concord Dec. 39, 1737. lOmo, pp. 53. 
IiOring, Ismel. False Hopta Discovered. A Sermon preached at Concord. 

leino, pp, 04 Bosion, 
Loring, Israel Spiritual Light to be prayed for. A Sermon preached at 

Concord. lOmo, pp. 28, Boston. 
Mather, Cotton. A Monitory Letter (o thoae who Needlessly and Pre- 
i quently absent theuiscives from Public Worship, 3d edition. 16mo, 

I pp. 17, Boston. 

I Xaxwell, 8. A Discourse concerning the Safely of all such as have the 
I Great God for their Guide. 8vo, pp. 30, tiosion. 

Hatber, Samuel. Apology for the Libcrliea of the Churches of New- 
England. 8vo, pp. 110. Boston, 
Hather, Samuel. Sermon at the Thursday Lecture, Mar. 23, on the Death 
of the Queen. 8vo, pp. 33. Boslon. 
I Phillips, Samuel. The Orthodox Christian. I3mo, pp. 185, Boston. 
I .Phillips, Samuel, The Hislorv of Christ Epitomiied ; In * Catechetical 
Way. Svo, pp. 00. Boston. 
mberton, Et>enezer. Six Sermons on Various Subjects, Preached in the 

City of New Yorit. Svo. Bostuu. 
II] .50 

446 History of Printing in America. 

Peiiibcrton, Ebcnezer. Somion at the Onlination of Rev. Walter WUmot, 
Jamaura, L. I. April 12, 1788. 8vo, pp. 38. Boston. 

Pickering, Thcopliilus.? The Cliebarco Narrative RescuM from the 
Charge of Falsehood ami Partiality ; in a Reply to the Answer printed 
by onlerof the Second Church in Ipswich Ac. by a Friend of Truth. 
4to, pp. 20. Boston. 
8ce Clcaveland, John. 

Price, Ro^'cr. Semion at Boston, 3Iar. 23, 1737, on the Death of Queen 
Caroline. 12nio, pp. 10. Boston. 

Prince, Thomas. Semion on tlie Deatli of the Rev. Nathaniel Wiilianw, 
who died Jan. 10th, 1737-8. 8vo, pp. :{0. Boston. 

Some Observations on the Scheme projwted for emitting 60,0001. in Bilia 
of a New Tenour, to be redeemed with Silver and Gold. In a Letter 
from a Merchant hi Boston, to his Friend in the Country. 8vo, pp. 
25. Boston. 

Tennent, Jolin, M. D. Projwsals for Printing by Subscription, A Treatise 
cm the Diseases of Virgmia and the Neighbouring Colonies. In Four 
Parts. To contain about 28 sheets 8vo. 
Advertised in Ptnn. Oaz.^ July tl^ 17SS, et 8«q. 

Townsend, Jimathan. Two Sennons at Needham, after the drowning of 
Mr. Solomon Cook, and Mr. Samuel Kingsbur)'. 8vo, pp. 25. Boston. 

Webb, John. 3Iassachusetts Election Sermon, 1738. 8vo, pp. 39. Boston. 

n iggleswt)rlh, Etlwanl. En<iuiry into the Truth of the Imputation of 
th<^ Guilt of Adam's lirst 1 rausgressicm to his Posterity. 8vo, pp. 90. 

Williams, William. Sermon at Cambridije on the 15th of Sept. 1738, on 
Occasion of the Execution of Philip Kennison. 8vo, pp. 23. Boston. 

Williams, William. Din'ctions to obtain a true conversion. 2d cnlilion. 
Prlnietl In 17:«J. with " Duty and Inttrtttqfa Ptojfle," Ac. 

Wright, Samuel. Treatise on being boni again. ItJmo, pp. 108. Boj^ton. 

Zebulon adviM'd. Serious and suitable Counsels for them that go to Sea. 
By a Minister of the (tospel ; with a Preface by Nathaniel Clap. 
r^Mio. Newport. 

Zenger, John Pttter. Narrative of liis Trial. (Sie 17:>).) 4to, pp. 50. 
Boston. Ueprinled. 


Abbot, Hull. Eiirly Piety ; Sermou at Charlestown. 8vo. I^>ston. 

Almanac. Nalliunu'l Ame.s. Boston. 

Alnumac. Clirislophfr Sower. ((Jernian.) Germantown, Pa. 

Alnmnae. Poor Hiehanl. Pliil-ulclpiiia. 

Almanac. Jacob Taylor. Philailel|ihia. 

Almanac. Titan Leeds. Philadelphia. 

Almanac. Wni. Birkelt. Pliilailrlpliia. 

Almanac. Jolin .Icnnun. Philadclpiiia. 

Answer to a priiite<l Lrticr >:ii'l to hr wrote by a Gentleman in New|M)rt 
to his Frieiul in B<)>loii, vVc. Button. 

An t»r Preaihinu' ; in Iinitati«>n nt' n'»raie'«i .\rl ofPot'try. Phihulelphia. 

Barnanl. John. Senn«»n on thr Dcatli of Mr. Abicl AblK)t, May ly, IT-iU. 
Pi'i'lace by K«v. Sani'l Pliilliji-. >^vo. pp. wiii, 24. Boston. 





Barnanl, John. A Sermon Preached at the Gathering of a Church, and 
the Ordination nf the Rev, Mr. Timothy Walker, at the New Plnnta- 

tion called Penicook [now CoocDrd, N. 11.]. Nov.'lSlh, 1730. 8vo, 
pp. 43. Boston. 
Beach, John. The Duty of Loving our Enemies. A Sermon preached at 

"pt 34. 1738. 8vo, pp. 33, Boston. 
Beckwilh, Qeorge. Diseouree at New Suiem, Mav 20, 1730. On the Death 
of Mrs. Anna Lovtll. IBuio. pp. 47. New London. 
ir, Samuel. Sermon on 3 Corlntliians, lii. 18. 8vo. Boston. 

Agaiaal the fear of Death. Discour»eat Norwich. 

Briefs in the controvers; between HaasachusetUBay and New Hampahire. 

Fol. Boalon. 
Browne, Arthur. Religious Education nf Children Recommended. A 

Sermon in Portstnuulli, Dec. £7th, 1739, ttie Day appointed for the 

Execution of Penelope Kenny. Svo, pp. 31. Boston. 
Bunyan, John. Grace Atwunding. Boston. Reprint 
Byies, Mather Discourse on P'salms xEivii, 37. Svo. Boston. 
Calleniler, John. Biatoricul Discourse on tlie Civil and Religious Affairs 

of the Colony nf Rhode Island, iind Providence Plantation, from the 

first Settlement, 1638, to the end of the first Century. 8vo, pp. xiv, 

'"" Boston. 
Callender, John. Sermon at Boston. Feb. 14, 1738-9, at the Ordinatioa of 

Jeremiah Condy. 13ma, pp. (4) 33. Boston. 
.Catechism. (a Shorter ;) properWlearnberorethatortheAasembly. Boston. 
Chauncy, Charlcg. Sermon on Reli;jious Compulaiou. ISmo, pp. 30. 

Clark, Peter. VassachnsetlHEIec^on Sermon, 1739. BTo,pp.58. Boston. 
Colmsn, Betuamin. The unspealiabtG Qi(t of Qod. Sermon at Boston 

Feb. 1, 1739. Svo, pp. 19. Boston. 
ColDian, Benjamin. Sermon on the Death of Rev. Peter Thocher, March 

4, 1739, Svo, pp. 26. Boston. 
Colman. Benjamin. The Withbred Hand Strelclied Forth at (iie Comiunnd 

of Christ, and Restored. Sermon May 17, 1730. 8vo, pp. 10. BubIor. 
Cooper, William. Sermim at tlie Public Lecture March 1. 1738>-0. on the 

Funeral of Rev. Peter Thacher. Svo, pp. 83. Boston. 
Dickinson, Jonathan. The Danger of Schisms and Cuntentjona, with re- 
the Ministry and Ordinance of the Qospel. A Sermon. New 


^ York. 

H^ells, Nathaniel. Sermon at the Ordination of Rev. Edward Eclls, Mid- 
H dietown. Conn,, Sept. 6, 1738. Svo, pp, 08. New London. 
^B^Dt, Jared. Sermon on the deatti of Mrs. Elizabeth SraiUieon. 13nia, 
H pp.30, ^ew London, 

^BSUconar. Magnus. Choice Collection out of the Psalms of David, the 
K Book of Job. Hales Contemplations, &c. Philailelphio. 
■ Veesenden, Benjamin. Sermon at the Ordination of Rev. Samuel Tobey, 
Berkley, Ni.v. 23. 1737. 18mo. pp. 66. Boston. 
Fly nl, Henry, Twenty Sermons on various Subjects. 8vo, pp. 313, Boston. 
Hancock. John. TwoCentnry Sermons at Brainirce, Sept. 10,1739, Svo, 
pp. 37. Boston. 

ir nbont a Good Management nnder the Disicmper of the Measles, ut 
' U time spreading in tlie Country. Boston. 

448 History of Printing in America. 

Lonl. Jost-ph. Two I^'ttors, viz. Ono on the C'hanjre of the Sabbath ; and 
the other on tin* Be;;innin<; of the SabballL Boston. 

L<>w('ll, John. Sermon jit thr Onlination of R<*v. Thomas Barnard, Xcw- 
hury, Jan. 31. 17;fc»-l». 8vo. pp. 3-S. B4iMon. 

MaihtT. Samuel. Mas.<jurhuset(.s Artillery Election Si-rmon. 8yo, pp. 33. 

Mooily, Samuel. Thi- Gi>s|H'l Way of Esrapimr the D^ili'ful Stale of the 
Uamiit-d. with a Ueprt'>en!aiion tif Iheir more asruravattfl 3Ib««-n- who 
iro to Hell from umlrr the Go<ik'1. 2d edithin. 8vo, pp. iv. 1T2. 
IJoMon. Keprinletl. 

Phillips. Samuel. Childn-n Well anil Ji-su? nuieh deligbl^-<l, or 
The IldSJinnah of Zion'^ Children very plea-^ni; to ZiunV King. IGmo, 
pp. H>1». Itiwtnn. 

Plea for Truth, in Opptwition to Arminian r)t»clrin<s. Boston. 

tjuiney. F^lmuud (N Letter !o the Fnrholilirs of Mass«achu>(-tt.< Bay re- 
lative t(i the Kltt-tion c»f Uipri-<«-nlatives. Sv<\ pp. 12. IV^ston. 

HiVJ»r<. .T'»hn. Si-mion ou the Death of Hon. Ji»hn Appleton. 5*vo, pp. 
1>. n«»>iMn. 

R:intl. Wi!li:im. STnn»n at the Ordination t»f David Parsons. Iladley, 
Ni'V. :. i::?i> >v.i. pp. :U). l^»Mon. 

RoiTers. Nath.mii'l. S^rnum oq the Dtaih nf IIi»n. .Ti>hn Appleton. !?vo, 
pp. •*. r>««stnn. 

K.'u.-. Mp;. Eli/.ili ih. Hi -.Tory nf Jo*, ph. A PiK-m, By a Female Ilam!. 
hi Tt-n I^Miks. ^'Vt*. Philadtlphi.-i. 
S..V ::»;:. 

S ri'.i'T.- • n Sa» r.iincuial <^ei a>ii>ii<. **Vi^. pp '21'. I^^^ttin. 

Sli'-r: D"rM 'l*u^ toau Tun lti nmrf Si:i:-.. r . w r:::«n in Duii h hv a L«'Trr 
. : • Tr :'.li. .uid iri:j:-li'«- i ii:T.' KtijiMi. l"2:'.:i-. pp '2A. N'ew York. 

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Ante-Rev uLCTioNARY Publications. 



Tennent, OilberL The Solenio Scene of the Last Jndgmeot Opened tn 
a Sfrmon on 2 Thess. i, 0, 7, 8, 9. lamo, pp. 81. Boalon. 

Tenftcnt, Gilbert. The PrecbuBneas of Chrisl to Believers, conadered in 
a Sermon oa 1 Pel. ii, 7. 12iud, pp. 31. Bosloa. 

'Teonent, Qllbert. SennoDs on Sacmmentol Occadons : With Sermons bj 
Samuel Blair and Wilkism Tennenl. 8vo, B<»lon 1738. 
Most of IbB DlBcoaraes IwCDre nunua ire la Ihit volmne. 

WaUs, Isaac. Guide to Prayer. 8tii edition. 12uio, pp. 329. Boeton. 

Webb, John. Sermon on llie Dealli of Itev. Peter Tliacher. 8vo, pp. 88. 

Wbiteticid, George. Scrmou on the Christian's great Duty of Self Donial. 

Wliilcfipld, George, Sermon on Regeneration, pp. 31. Boston. 
Vbitcfleld, Geom, Chriatmns well Kepi, and llie Twelve Days well 

spent. An Extract from his Jonmitl. 12mo. pp. II. ^Boslon.) 
Whltcfleld, George. Journal from London to Oibraltcr. (8 oditiona.) 

Bnaton. Reprinted from London edition. 
"Wliitefleld, George. Journal Oom May to December 1T38. ISmo. 
Wbitcfield, George. Letter from, to the relii^oua Societies lately formed 

in England and Walca. Printed for tlie Benefit of the Orplitut House 

in Qvor^a. Fhitadelplua. 
Wliitefleld, George. Duty and lutereal of Early Piely, A Sermon, &c. 

Whilefield, George. Great Duty of Family Religion, &c. Boston. 
Whilefield, George. The Aitnosl Cliristian, &C. a Sermon. With a poem 

on bis design for Georgia. ISmo. Huston. Reprinted. 
Wbitefleld, George. The IndwetlinBof the Spirit, &c. Sermon al Buxley, 

in Kent, ou WUilsundaj 17:^0. Sm. 8vo. Boston. 
Vhitt«lBOT, Bamnel. Sermon at the Ordination of Mr. Samuel Wbitteleey, 

Jr. Bvn, pp. 32. Boston. 
'Wigbtman, Valentine. Sermon on Acta IS, 31. 8vo. New London. 
Williams, Rev. William. Direction how to obtain a tnic convenion unto 

God. Boston. 
Word of Advice to such as sre aeltiing new Plantations. Bvo, pp. 15. 

Boston 17S9. 

AUen, James. Letter to a Friend in the Country (on the Memorial of 

Poland Cotton, &c). 4to, pp. II. Boston. 
Almanac Natlisniel Ames. Boston. 
Almanac Jacob Taylor. Philadelphia. 

inac N. Whittemorc. Boaton, 
Almanac Jolin Jermun. Piiilodelpbia. 

inac. Joseph Stafford. Boston. 
Almanac Wm. Birlieti. Philadelphia. 
Almanac. Christoplier Sower. (Germnn.) Qermantown, Pa, 
Almanac. Titan Leeds. Philadelphia. 
mnc. Poor Richard. Philadelphia. 

450 History of Printing in America. 

Balch, Willium. Reconciliation with an offended Brother explained and 
enforced. 12mo, pp. 47. Boston. 

Bradbury, Thomas. The Necessity of Contendingfor Revealed Religion : 
With a Sermon on the fifth of Nov. 1719. ByThomaa Bradbuiy. To 
whicli is prefixed, a Letter from the Rev. Cotton Mather, D.D., on the 
late Disputes about the KverBlessed Trinity. 8vo, pp. xxiv, 88. 
Boston. Reprinted. 

Brown, Arthur. Sermon at Portsmouth, N. II. Dec. 27, 1789, on the Exe- 
cution of Penelope Kenny. 8vo, pp. 21. Boston. 

Bull, George (Lord Bishop of St. David's). Discourse on the Spirit of God 
in tlie Faithful. 4to. Boston. Reprinted. 

Bylcs, Mather. Massachusetts Artillery Election Sermon, 1740. 8vo, pp. 
3\. Boston. 

Byles, Mather. Discourse at Tliursday Lecture Dec. 11, 1740. 8vo, pp. 
20. Boston. 

Campbell, Daniel. Sacramental Meditations. 2d edition. 12mo, pp. 187. 

Campbell, John, Duke of Argyle. Speech upon the State of tlie Nation, 
April 15, 1740. 8vo, pp. 19. Boston. Reprint 

Catechism, the Shorter, composed by the Rev. Assembly of Divines. 12mo. 

Chanler, Isaac. New Converts exhorted to cleave to God. A Sermon at 
a Wednesday Evening Lecture in Charleston, S. C. preface by W. 
CooiK'r. 8vo, pp. 43. Boston. Reprint. 

Cohnan, Benjamin. The Withered Hand, &c. Sermon. 2dediaon. (Sec 
1739.) lOmo, pp. 32. Boston. 

Cohuan, Benjamin. Sermon on the Death of lion. Sam'l Ilolden of Lon- 
don. 4to, pp. 21. Boston. 

Column, Bfnjamin. A Iluniblt;Dis(!Ourse on the Incomprchensiblenessof 
God. In Four Sermons preached at the Lec^ture in Boston, 1714. 
With a Preface by Hev. Mr. Peinberton. 2d edition. 12mo, pp. 118. 

Colinan, Bc'njaniin. Souls llyin^ to Jesus Pleasant and Admirable to 
behold. "Sennon Oel. 21,*1740. Hvo, pp. 27. Boston. 

Conneeticul. Acta and Laws of his Majesty's Colony of, from 1715 to 173D. 
Fol. New London. 

Cooper, William. Doctrine of Predestination unto Life; explained and 
vindicated in Four Sermons. 8vo, pp. 140. Boston. 

Cooper, William. Massachusetts Election Sermon, 1740. 8vo, pp. 48. 

Cunmiin^s, Archibald. Faith absolutely necessary, but not sufUcient with- 
out Good Works. Two Sermons preaclieil at Christ Church, Phila- 
delphia. Published in their own Vindication, from the false and nush 
l^'llections of the famous Mr. Whitetield. 12mo, pp. xvi, 38. Phila- 

Dcwsbury, William. A Sermon on the Important Doctrine of Rcffenera- 
tioii.* Preached at (Jrace Church Street, the Sixth of the Third ^lonth, 
1()KS. Taken from his Mouth, in Short hand. Philadelphia. 

Dickinson, Jonathan. A call to the weary and heavy Laden tocomeunlo 
Christ for He^t. .\ Sermon preache<| at Conn. Farms in EliziiN'tli- 
town, N. .1., Dec. :2.'{, ll'Ml Published at the desire of Tlie llciirersi. 
Sin. Hvo, pp. t.j. New York. 

Ante-Eevolutionart Publications. 451 

Bickinson, Jonathan. Observations ofthat Terrible Disease vulgarly culled 
Throat DUtemper, with Advice aa to the method of Cure, in a Letter 
to a Friend. 8vo, pp. 12. Biiston. 

Dissertation on the Cuirendes of the British Plantations in North Ame- 
rica : and Oliservationa on a Paper Currency. 8vo, pp. 63. Boston. 

Suppoacd to tuve been wrltKm t>y Tboi. BotchiniKin. 
Dissertation. Puslscript to the above. Boston. 

Douglass. William, M.D. Discourse concerning the Cnirencica of the 
British Plnnlaliona in America wiili regard to Paper.oioney, particu- 
larly In relulioQ to Slassocliusetta. 8vo. pp. 47. Boston. 
Erskiae, Ralph. Qospel Sonn(;ta. pp. 370. Philadelphia. Reprinted. 

Stbedltlont Seen41. 
£en korie Hacdleiillngvooreen onwedergeboren somdaarom toiChristus 
te koomen. New York. 
' Extract from the Laws o( Willinm Penn ; Iransliilcd into Ocrmati fr>r ilio 
Use of the Germans in Pennsylvania. (lermanlown. Printed by 
Christopher Sower. 
Foxcrufl, Tliomtts. BermonooETangeliculPreacbing. Svo.pp. 47. Boston. 
Family Religion excited and assisted. 12mo, pp. IQ. Newport. Reprinted. 

SiH UBlller. Cotloa. ITW, 

I^ley, Samuel. I^etler concerning Mr. WbiteBeld, Messrs. Tennents, &c. 
and their Opposera. Philadelphia. 

Franck, August Hermann. Letter to n Friend concerning the most nseflil 
way of preaching. 12mo. Boston. 

Garden, Alexander. Six Letters to the Rev. O. WhiteBeld; the 1st, 2d, 
I and 8d, on Uie Subject of Jualificatinn ; the 4ih &mtainlne Remarks 

[ on a pamphlet entitled the case between Mr. Whitefield ana Dr. Bleb- 

bins slated &c., the 5lh con tain ingRemarks upon Mr Whilefield's two 
Letters concerning Archbishop Titlr>ison, and the Book entitled the 
whole Duly of Man ; the Sth containing Remarks upon Mr. Whitcfleld'a 
Second Letter concerning Archbishop Tillotson, and on hia Letter 
concerning the Necroes. Together with Mr. Whilefield's Answer to 
the first Letter, 33 edition. 8vo, pp. 54. Boston. 

Garden, AleiLander. Regeneration and the Testimony of the Spirit. Being 
the Substance of Two Sermons Lately preached in the Parish Church 
of St. Phillip, Charleston, 8. C. Occasioned by some erroneous No- 
tions of certain men who call themselves Methodists. Bvo, pp. 33, 

6iUe«pie, George. A Sernum against Divisions in Christ's Churclies. 

Advertlaedln jlm. Wtitly Mercury, Pbll. Sept. IS, 1140,11! in Uie Preu. 
Gordon. Tliomaa. The Independent Whig; or, a Defence of primitive 

Chrislianily, against the exorbitant claims and Encroachments of 

bnatical and disaffected Clergymen, Philadelphia, 
Itli dincnU lodutgrmrnehaHotten mid Id «b» proportions Oordon't D^iMt^ 

CkrUHanity ta» b«D prlnudin IfalaconDIry. The tizs liu varied rrom one voLoma 

totHu-volooiBt, tbelait being MHartrnrd In ISIS, 
Hale, 8tr Matthew, Sum of Religion. &c. Philadelphia, B. Franklin. 
Hemingway, Jacob, Connecticut ElectionSermon, May 8th, 1740. 12mo, 

pp. 32. New London. 
Jenniags, John, Two Discourses, on preaching Christ ; and of Particular 

452 History of Printing in America. 

EitiDcrsly, Ebenezer. Letter to the Rev. Mr. Jeukin Jones, cKCHHioned bf 

a late AnonymouB Paper publUlieii under tlieflciiooof a Letlcr tobini 
Irum Lis Fneud in tlie Country, but U suppiwcd lo l>e writ by soma 
Lactney Writer in Pliilatlelpliiu, ut tlte iastaace. and by tlic Instnu!- 
tion of Mr. Jones. 

Advertised In ^m. WaUy Mereaiy, PhU. Oct. IB, HW. 

Einnersley, Ebeuezer. A Second Letter to liis Friend in tbe Coualr^. 

Bhewlog the Partiality and unjaat TrealmoDl lie Las met witU fh)m 

a certain conituillee, etc Ptiiladelphia. 
Kinneraley, Ebenezer. Letter lo, from bis Friend inUie Country, In Ajuwer 

to his Letters lately publlsbeU. PliiladoipLia. 
Letter relating to a medium of Trade in the Province of UassachuseUa 

Bay. 8vo, pp. 16. Boston. 
Letter to a Friend in tbe Country. 4to. 
Lclt«r from a Country Oi:ntlenian at Boston lo bis Friends iu tbe Country, 

8vo, pp. la. June 10, 1740. 
London, Biabop of. Puatoral Letter ogiiinst LukewnrmnesB and Entbiud- 

uam. Pliiladelphift. 
Malber, Samuel. Sermon on llieDeatbof TbonutsHutcbinson.Eeq. 8vs. 

pp.33, lloelon. 
Hatlier, Samuel. A dead Fnitb Anatomised. 3d edition. ISmu, pp. 106.' 


■c? especially of th» 

. . _ . .._ propneials i>rsama 

proper Reliet in Ibe present Exigence. To wbicb is added a Reply 10 
a former Essay on Silcer and Paper Currencies. As also a Poatacripf 
contitining liefflarks on a late Discourse concerning the Cumncice. 
Bvo, |ip. 78. Boston. 

Moody, Baniucl. The Gospel Way of escaping the Doleful Stale of tUtt 
Damned. Boston. Beprinled. 

NccesHiuy Directions to live an boly Life. 13mo, pp. 34. BoslOD. 

New and Com |il etc Guide to ttic English Tongue. Collected from ibeboA 
Autbois. In In-D Books. For tbe Use ol'Scboolit. By nn Inguniotll 
Hand. Pbiladelpbi- 

Norlh Carolina, Narrative of iliu ProcceiUngs of ibo House of Burgesses. 
8vo. Williauiaburs. 

Proposals in print hv Subscription. A solemn Warning to the e . 
World, from tbe Ood ot Terrible illiutsty ; or tbe Prrauniptuuus Sinnur 
Detw^ted, bia Fleas cunsidcred, and Ins Doom displayed, &c. Of 
Gilbert TennenI, RA. To which U added, tbe Lile of his Brolber, 
theKov.^Mr, JolioTeuacnt.wiUibia twoSertnonson iliu Nature of ito- 
geueration opened, etc, Tii contain about 30 abeels large Svo. 
AdTeMted In .Im. tTtdtit Marcmy. Pail. Jnae IV, 17W. 

ropoeals to print by Subscription. A Vindicaijonof the Rev. Mr. Whiw 
field's Doctiine, n-om several (hnious Autliors. By M.ignus FtitoonW. 
Iniermixt wilh the Author's Thoughts. 
Adranlaed In Am. WttUt Mtrmry. PliU. kag. 7, 1740. 
Ms, The, or An Extract of Passages of Wliiteflcld'a Si'rniunB, Joum Letters: with Bcruplvs proposed. By Church Mvinburs of I 
- Prrobylcrinn Pcrsiinsion. (*vo, pp. 21). Boston. 



Quiabj, Josiah. A Sliort History of a Litng Joomey. Some Account of 

the Life of Jfisiali Quinby. 12ino, pp. 81. New York. 
Bengrnve, Robert lUiU'irks iipoa tbe Bisbop of London's last Pastoral 

Letter. Id Tindicntlon of iSr. Whilefleld aui] bis Farticulnr Doctritiia. 

3d ediiion. Pbiladelpbin. 

sph. Plain and Brief Rebearsal of tbe OperaUons of CLrlst 

as God. 8vn, pp. 23. Bostoo. 
Bewail, Joaepb, Nineveh's Repentance and Deliverance. Faat Sermon 

"* - " '"10. 8wo, pp. 33. Boston. 
Beward. William. Joamal of a Voyage from Savannab lo Pliilntlulpbin, 

and from Pliiludclpbia tu Eaglund. Busion. Reprinted. 

SliurileS*. William. Suriaun on the Execution of Sarah SImpsim and 
Penelope Kenny; with a brief Narrative concerning tlie criminalH, 
wbo were the first that were executed in the Province of New Hamp- 
shire. Svo, pp. 30. Boston. 

Smith, Josiah. Character, Preacbins, Ac. of tbe Rev. Mr. George White- 
field. Impartially represented an3 snpportcd. in a Sermon preached at 
Chartestown, South Carolina, March 26, 1T40. Philadelphia. 

fiRiitii, Josiah. Same. ISmo, pp. 20. Boston. 

Smith, Hon. Willinro (Chief J nsl ice ol N< rlh Carolina) Narrative of the 

Proceodinga of the House of Burgesses of Nortli Cnrolina Fell. 5, 1730- 

40, on tbe Articles of Complaint exhibited aj^inat the Hon. Wm. 

Smith, Esq. Svo. pp. 53. Witiiamsbnrgti. 
Bpce<:h of the D ke of A le (Argyle) upon the Slate of tlie Nalion. 

Boston. Reprinted. 
1 vilUoDi. tits III Hild [D Ina Uiait 10 diije. 
Tenoent. Gilbert. Sermon on the Dimmer of an unconverted Ministry. 


Tenncnt, Qilberl. Same. 2d edition. Philadelphia. 
Tennent, Gilbert Sermon on Jixatificalion. Preached at New Brunswick . 

Turret), Ebenezer. Sermon at the Ordination of Rev. Samuel Cooke, 

Menalomy, Sept. 13, 1730. Svo, pp. 'iS. Boston. 
Wadawortb, Daniel. Sermon at the Opening of a New Meeting House, 

Hartford, Dec. 30, 173U. 8vo. New London. 
'alter, Thomas. Grounds and Rules of Music. &c„ (See 1721.) 3d edi- 
tion. 24ma. Bosliin. 
Walla, Isaac. Tbe End of Time, A Discourse. 12mo. Boeton. 
Wilcncks, Thomas. Choice Drop of Honey from tbe Rock Christ. 10th 

edition. Boston. 
Williams, Solomon. Sermon on the Death of Mr. David Trumblc. Svo, 

pp. 31. Boston. 
lW«ley, John and Charles. Book of Hymns, pp. 237. Philadelphia. 
iWhiteQeld. Voorbidding ein elder Cbrialen's Pliclit en De Wyze and 

DwaaxB Mangd<:n. vertoont In twee Predicaties, door G. WhlteQelil, 

A- B. van Pemb. Col. te O.xford : En le Koop by J. P. Zenger in Niew 

Tork en BenJ. Franklin in Philadelphia, 
'hitefield, George. Letter lo Rev. John Wesley in Answer lo his Dia- 
Freo Grace. 8vn, pp. 32. Boston. 
WhilefieUl, George. Dircclions bow to beiir Striiiuns. ad edition. Boston. 
II] 57 

454 History of Printing in America. 

Whitffield, Gcorj^L'. The Necessity and Benefits of Religious Society. 
12iii(>. pp. 24. Boston. 

Whitefielil, G<*org(!. Some Observations on hini and his Opposere. 8vo, 
pp. 15. BoHJon. 

Whitefield, CJeor^e. Three LetterH. 1,2. Concerning Archbishop Tillot- 
mn : *i. To the Inlmbitants of Maryland, Virginia and Carolina, con- 
cerning tlieir Negroes. 8vo. Philadelphia. 

Whitelield, George. Three Sermons. Philadelphia. 

Whitefirld, (v(M)r^e. Continuation of his Journal from Gibrulter to Sn- 
vannaii in Georgia. Gtli edition. Boston. 

Whiiefield, (teorge. Letter to fome Church Members of the PresbyUrrian 
Persuasion, in answer to certain 8<Tuph*M lately Pn^poswl in pn>ptT 
Queries raised on each Remark. Philadelphia. Printed by H. Franklin. 

"Whitefi<*ld, (jt'orge. Sam(\ Hvo, pp. 13. Boston. 

Whitefield, George. Same. 12mo. New York. 

Whitefield, (Jeorge. Twenty-two Sermons on Various Subjects. 2 vole. 
12mo, pp. 228. Pliiladelphia. 

"NVhitilicld, (ieorge. Same. Bostcm. Reprinted. 

"\Vhitrli<*ld, (ieorge. Tlie Querist ; or an P^xtract of Sundry Passages taken 
out of Mr. Wliitelitld's Printed Sermons, Journals and Letters. To- 
trether with some Scruples proposed in proper Queries raiseii <»n each 
Remark. In an humlilf Address to the Presbytery of Newcastle met 
at Wliiteclay Creek in PiMUisylvania S<*pt. Oth, b> some 3Iembers of 
tlie Presbyterian Persuiisi«ui. Hvo, pp. 20. iiostcm. Reprinleil. 

"Wiiitelitld, Georg<'. Tour from England to Pliiladelphia, New York, 
New IJrunswick, North Carolina, S)uth Carolina, and Savannah, in 
Georgia. With his Answer to the Bishop of London's I^'ller. Boston. 

"NVhitctiehl. (Icorirc U«*n»arks on tlu* several Pas>a;:«'S ol bis Sermons, 
.lomiials and Letters, >\ huh sfcm misouiid aiul crrniHMHis, and vcn" 
liable lo KxeeptioDs; with several Queries on the Remarks by some 
Friemls to tin* Truth of the Gospel. Philadelphia. 

"\V'hiteti«'Ul, lleorye. C«»ntinuation of his Journal during the TiniL* he w:i.> 
detained in ICngland by the Kuibargo. , 12iuo. Philadelphia. 

Whitelield, (Jeorge. Conliiniation of his Journal duriTig the Time (»f lii-^ 
Arrival at (ieorgia to his second Kelurn thither from Pennsylvania. 

W'hitefield, (ieorire. Five Sermons, vi/. 1. The Wise and Fooli-h Vir- 
gins. 2. The IndwelliuL- of the Spirit. :{. Worbllv Uusint!*- no I W 
lor the negleel of lt<li-ion. 4. The Heinous Sm *>V Drunkenness. .>. 
Directions how to hear a Sermon. Phil:i<U»\\)huv. 

Whitefield, (ieorL^e Continuation .)f his Joiin v\\ CVvlWVI v\^^* ^*^"}*^ ^'^\mT 
detained in Knglan<l bv the Ijnbarg... vw> a ^'*'^^^'^^r^*"'^^"";v\\ n 

Journal from his Kmbarking athr tin? v^xxVatI"- ^*' ^'^^ '^"^ 
Savannah. Vol. 2d. Boston. 

A\ hitellehl, (Jeorge. Journal «»! a \ o} age In^^ \>>w^^^^^ ^ 

edition. KJino, pp. 54. Hostou. -^^^^^ _ ., 

Whitefield, (;e.»rge. A Hrii f an<l (Jeueral A .^^^ c^^^^'^^'^ invVx>. NNuUvu 

Life of, trom his Birth l«» his entering in<^ -^ V^ .W^^'i 
Himself. 12mo, pp. ."il. iJoshm. ^^ -^ 

Whitefield, George. Same. Philadelphia. 

Whitelield, (Jeor^'c. Same. Bo>lon. Uepn, * '*'^<'/»# #^ 

Ante-Revolutionary Publications. 456 

Whitefield, George. Letter to Religions Societies lately formed in Eng- 
land and Wales. Published for the Benefit of the Orphan House in 
Georgia. Philadelphia. 

Whitefield, George. Letter from, to a Friend in Loudon, showing the 
fundamental Errors of the Book entitled, *'The Whole Duty of Man." 
Advertised in Ptftn. OautU, May 22, 1740. 


Advice to Sinners under Conviction to prevent their miscarrying in Con- 
version. Together with some Scruples of the Tempted resolved. 
Boston. Reprinted. 

Almanac. Nathaniel Ames. Boston. 

Almanac. Sower's German Aim. German town, Pa. 

Almanac. Poor Richard. Philadelphia. 

Almanac. Jacob Taylor. Philadelphia. 

Almanac. John Jerman. Philadelphia. 

Almanac. Pocket Aim. Philadelphia. 

Almanac. Wm. Birkett. Philadelphia. 

Almanac. Titan Leeds. Philadelphia. 

Apploton, Nathaniel. God, not Ministers, to have the Glory of all Success 
given to the preached Gospel. Two Discourses Occasioned by the late 
powerful and awakening Preaching of the Rev. George Whitefield. 
8vo, pp. 44. Boston. 

Appleton, Nathaniel. Sermon at Newton, Aug. 9, from Zech. vii, 10. 
8vo, pp. 63. Boston. 

Art of Preaching (The), in Imitation of Horace's Art of Poetry. Phila- 
delphia. Reprinted. 
See 1739. 

Blair, Samuel. A Particular Consideration of a Piece entitled the Que- 
rists; bcnng a Vindication of Mr. G. Whitefield. 12mo, pp. 63. 

Blair, Samuel. Same. 16mo, pp. 63. Boston. 

Bristol Tragedy (The). Being an exact and impartial Narrative of the 
horrid and dreadful murder of Sir John Dinely Goodere, Bart. Bos- 
ton. Reprinted. 

Brooks, Nathan Covington. History of tlie Church. A Poem. 8vo. Bal- 

Bull, George (fjord Bishop of St. David'.s), Discourse concerning the 
Spirit of God in the Faitliful. 4to. Boston. Reprinted. 

Byles, Mather. Repentance and Faith the Great Doctrine of the Gospel 
of Universal Concernment. Boston. 

Byles, Matlier. Visit to .Jesus by Xiglit. A Sermon. 24mo, pp. 24. Boston. 

Byles, Mather. Affections on Things above. A Discourse delivered at 
tlie Thursday Lecture in Boston, Dec. 11, 1740. 

Catalogue of Books belonging to the Library Company of Philadelphia. 

Chapman, Daniel. Sermon on the Death of Samuel Couch, Esq., Nov. 
24, 1739. 8vo. New London, Conn. 

Cliaunov, Charles. The New Creature described and considered. Sermon 
at l^ostcm, 1741. 8vo, pp. 47. Boston. 

Chauncy, Charles. Sermon on the Deuth of Lucy Waldo. 8vo, pp. 26. 


History of Printing in America. 

CInrk. PcliT 


Chauncf , Charles. Sermon slitming thni an UnhriclUil Tongue Is a 6 . 
livideooe tliat our Kcligiou is IIy)>ocrilica] mid vhId, a( iJie Thnisda/'l 
Lciliire in Boston, SepU 10. 8r<>, pp. 30. Boston. ^ 

Checklcy, Samuel. Sermon on Litile UliUdren being brougUt lo ClirisL. 
8to, pp. 34, Boston. 

Cliew, Samuel. Speech from Uie Bench to the Grand Jnir of the Coan^ 
of New CMlle, Not. 31, 1741. 8yo, pp. 16. PhiUdelpliia. 

Choice Dialogues between a Godly Minister and an honest CouDtiy-Mnn, 
concerning Election and PredeslinalioD. To whici is annexed Divine 
Preecienco.conslstenlwith Human Liberty: OrMr. Wtslcv's Opinion 
at Etce^on and Reprobation, proved not to tie so absurd as reprty- 
aetited. By au Bnciuircr afur Trath. ^M 

uhI uuil week itfll be pablUlicd." ^eeinu. ^^H 

ter. Tlie Cniilainof llii; Lonl'a Hosts uppeariiig with hisswonl'^H 
n, Two Sermons at Salem Village on the Past appointed OS ^ 
■ n of the War. Feb. 26, 1710-1. Svo, pp. 53. Boston. 
Gulden, Cadwallad<T. Essiij on the Ulac PafisiotL Philadelphia. 
Cole. BcQjanun, U D. Dissertation on Inocnlaiing for tUn Small Pux, 

Colman, Benjamin. Sermon at tlie Bodtou Lecture Aug. 27. 1741. 
pp. 2G. Btistun. 
Addnu o( tbo Bonoa Mtnialem to Uot . Slilrli}-, uid hi* irplr. W«oded 

Conversion of a Young Scholar. Drawn up at the Il«<iuest ut an E 
Hiniater. Boston. 

Cooke, Samuel. Divine Sovereignly in IheSalvatlon of Sinners considf^rvd 
and improved. Sermon Vwtorf the Ensti^m AwKiation of l^iirfleld 
Connty. Conn., July 29. 1741. ]2mo, pp. 40. Boston. 

Cooper. WiUwni. One shall be taken and the other lefL A Sentum wf^ 
the Old South Church in Boston March 22, 1740. Svo. pp. 2S. Bo* 

Cooper, Wiltiao). The Sin and Danger of Quenching the Spirit; 
Sermons. 8vo, pp. 49. Boston. 

Corbin, Samuel. Advice to Sinners under Conviction. Svo, pp. 1 
Boston. ItcpriDlcd. 

Cotton. John. LvcturcsiuNewtononScekingGod. 8vo,pp.T0. Boeto 

Cross (R.). and others. A Protestation presented to the Synoil of P1iiW.fl 
delphia, June 1, 1741. Svo, pp. 16. Philodelphu. 

Croeweil, Andrew. Answer to the Rev. Mr, Garden's three Gf9t Lett4)ti J 
lo Whilefield. With an Appcndii concerning Mr. Ganlrn's Tr«at> fl 
menmrMr. Whitefield. t*vo. pp. 60. •■ - ■ 

Dailv Cotiversalion with God ; exeniplitied in the Ijfe of Annclle IHcolai^ J 
a Cotintry Maid in Pmnce, who died in Bretaigne in 1671. TnuM- f 
lated from the French. 12mo. Philadelphia. Reprinl»l. 

Dickinson, Jonalhaii. True Scripture Doctrine concerning some import- 
ant Points of Chrislian Faith; particularly Eternal Election, Original 
Sin, Grace in Conversion. Jualification hy Faith, and Pervereranccof 
Sninta. In Fivi' Diseonrsc*. Svo. Boston. 
>]r]ander, Rev. John (Ministerof the Swedish Church near Pbilitde1nht4> 
Fiee Grace in Tnilh ; tlic 24th Hcdilatiao of Dr. John Gerhan I 
Translated from Latin into En^-lish. With nous tor tlie better unde». | 
■landing of the nnthor's mt>aiiing. Philadelpbia. 

J' Piety, exenipillied hi EliuilH'lh Butcher of Bo8U<n : 
_ul. ■■ " 

Ante-Revolutionary Publications. 457 

Edwards, Jonathan. Sermon on the Danger of the Unconverted, at En- 
field July 8, 1741. 8vo, pp. 25. Boston. 

Edwanls, Jonathan. Semion at Hatfield Sept. 2, 1741 at the Interment 
of Mr. William Williams. 8vo, pp. 22. Boston. 

Edwards, Jonathan. Distinguishing Marks of a Work of the Spirit of 
God applied to that uncommon operation that has lately appeared in 
the minds of many of the People of this Land ; with a particular 
consideration of the extraordinary Circumstances with which this 
Work is attended. Published at the earnest Desire of many Minis- 
ters and other Gentlemen. Boston. 

Edwards, Jonathan. Same. 8vo. New Haven. 

Erskine, Ralph. Gospel Sonnets; or Spiritual Songs, in six partfl. C(m- 
cerning Creation and Kedejnpti<m, Law and Gospel, Justifiuition and 
Sanctification, Faith and Sense, Heaven and Earth. (5th edition V) 
See 1740. 

Erskine, R. A letter to Gt^rge Whitfield. 8vo, pp. 14. Philadelphia. 

Falconar, Magnus. Free Grace with a Witness, with some Reflections on 
the Times. 
Advertii«ed In Am. Weekly Mtrcury, Phil. April 9, 1741, as In the ProsB. 

Finlev, Sanmel. Christ Triumphing and Satan Raging: Sermon at Not- 
tingham, Penn. 8vo, pp. 32. Boston. 

Finley, SanuK^l. Same. Philadelphia. 

Flavel, John. Great Design and Scope of the Gospel opened. An extract 
from th<; R<jv. Mr. Flavcl's England's Duty. With a Preface by the 
Rev. Mr. Byl(;s. 12mo, pp. (8), 28, (2). Boston. 

Free Grace Indeed. A Letter to the Rev. John Wesley, Relating to his 
Sermon against absolute Electi<m ; published under tlie Title of Free 
Grace. Philadelphia. lieprinted from the London edition. 

Free Grace Indeed. Same. Boston. Reprinted. 

Gray, Ucv. Ellis. The Design of the Gospel Ministry. Sermon, ^v\A. 27. 
iSvo, pp. 'io. Boston. 

Gardi-n, Alexander. Sennon at Chariestoii. S. C., July \\\. 1710. With 
Kemarks on Whitcfield's Journals. Tinio. Cliarleston. 

Garden, Alexander. On Regeneration and the Te.slim(my of the Spirit. 
TwoSeruions preached at Charleston, South Carolina;' occtisioned by 

souie Erroneous Notions of the Methodists. 8vo. Charieston, S. C. 
Garden, Alexander. Sanu?. bvo. Boston. Reprinted. 

Gooden?. 8anmel. Some account of the Trial of for the Murder of Sir 
John Dinely (loodere Bart, at Bristol Eng. 8vo, pp. 24. Bost<m. 

Great Britain. An En([uiry into the Reas<ms and Conduct of Gn.'at Bri- 
tain witii Relation to the present State of Affairs in Enn)pe. Reprint(td 
here for Ihe Infonnalicm of the; Inhabitants of New England. Boston. 

Hall, Theopliilus. Two Sermons on Faith preached at Meriden Aug. 10, 
1700. bvo, pp. 5(). New Haven. 

Ilistorieal Narrative? of the Cohmy of Geor<jia in America, from the first 
Seiilenient thereof. By Patriek Tailier, Hugh Anderson, David 
Dou,L:laj> and others. 8vo, pp. 118. Charleston, S. C. 

Holyoke, Edward. Duty of Ministers of the (Tosi)el to guard against the 
I'ljaraMii-^ni and Snddiiei^ni of the Day. Convention Sernum at Bos- 
ton, Mav '2S. 1711. Svo, pp. :\\). Bost*on. 

Hooper, William. Christ the Life of true Believers. Sermon at B()st<m, 
Oct. 1, 1711. Hvo, pp. 28. Boston. 

458 History of Printing in America. 

Letter to — , Merchant in London, concerning a late CombiDatioii 

for a private Currency and Bank Money. 8vo, pp. 14. Boston. 

Letter to the Merchant in London, to whom is directed a printed Letter 
relating to the Manufactory Undertakin*;. 8vo, pp. 28. Boston. 

Mather, Cotton. Care of a Troubled Mind. pp. 23. Boston. Reprinted. 

Math<T, Cotton. Ornaments for the Daughters of Zion. Boston. Re- 

Macsparran, James. Discourse delivered at Narragansett, March 14, 1741. 
4lo, pp. 24. Newport. 

Math(;r, Samuel. Discourses on various important Subjects. 

AdvertiHcd in Bofton Newi-LetUr, April 0, 1741, "aa prepared for the Prow, and 
npoii Kiiitable Encouraf^tnent will ei>eedily be pabliehcd.^* 

Mayh(?w, Experience. A Right to tlie Lord's Supi>er, considered, in a 
Letter U) a serious Enquirer after Truth, by a lover of the same. 8vu, 
pp. 29. Boston. 

Morgan, Joseph. Sermon from Prov. iii, 5, 6. IGmo, pp. 24. Philadelphia. 

Nalton, James. The Nature and Necessity of Humiliation. 24mo, pp. 
M\. Host(m. 

Parsons, Jost-pli. Sermon at the Ordination of Samuel Webster, at Salis- 
bury Aug. 12, 1741. 12mo, pp. 30. Boston. 

Payscm, Phillips. Two Sennons on a Day of Fasting and Prayer. Occa- 
sioned by a War with Spain, &c. 12mo, pp. 49. Boston. 

PemlxTton, Ebenczer. Practical Discourses on various Texts; delivered 
in Boston. Boston. 

Pemlierton, Ebenezer. Scrnum at Yale College, April 19, 1741. 12mo, 
l)p. 28. New Lcmdon. 

Parent's Gift; containing a Choice Collection of God's Judgments and 
M(;rcics, with Hymns of Praise, Prayers and Grawjs, Lives of the 
Kvan.Lr<'ll>^ts,H great Variety of Short Sentences out of the Holy S<Tipt- 
ures, and sun(iry other useful Things by which Children may soon be 
tauglil IIh' true'Prineiples of the Chrisdan Faith. Illu.stnit<'(l with a 
Variety of pleasant Pietun^s. Boston. 

Pe<le, Dr. Tin* Door of Salvation opened; or a Voi(;e from Heavt^n to 
rnregenerate Sinners. lOnio, p|). 10. Boston. Ueprinted. 
Sot- 17:«). 


Phillips, Sanniel. Soldiers CounselliMl and Encouraged. An Artillery 
rJeclion Sermon, .June 1741. Hvo, pp. r>;{. Boston. 

Praise oil! of tiie Mouth of Balu's ; Or a parlicular Aceount of .sonn* ex- 
traordinary pious .Motions and devout Exercises observed of late in 
njan V ('hildren in Siberia ; with a Preface bv the late Kev. Dr. Inercrasu 
Mallier. Boston. Jtepriiited. 

Protestation presented to the Synoil of Philadelphia, c<mtaining the Rea- 
sons for expelling .Messrs. tlie Tenn(?nts, and oth(;rs, outof .said Syntnl, 
June 1, 1741. Boston. 

Protestation, Same. Pliil.'i(lcli)liia. 

(2ui( k, John. The Youul'" Man's Claim untollu* Sacrament of the Lord's 
Supper. Boston. J<ei)rin1ed. 

Kami, Williinn. S< rnion at the Ordination of Rev. J. Balhintine, Wwt- 
fH'Itl, .liine 17, 1711. f^vo, pp. 27. Boston. 

Wi\v, Carirni. Token for Youth, <ie.. Being th<J Lifi^ and Cliri'^iian 
experience of Carleret jiede. lior^ton. 

Sc'.' 1T«W». 

Ante- Revolution ART Pubucations. 459 

hlbwe, Aqiiilla (Printer). Poems od sevyral OccaaioiiB. Collected and 
' Publulied by bis Son Joseph Rose. Philadelphia. 

n HypocriBj. A Sermon. 12mo, pp. 18. 

mailer and n 

B« wall. Joseph. SermonstlheThurBdajLecuireJHn. 1.1740-41; wherein 
is shewed that all Flesh ia as Grass, but tlie Word of the Lord endu- 
reth torerer. 8vo, pp. 34. Boatoii. 
I Scwall, Joseph. The Holy Spirit convincelh of Sin. &c., considered in 
Four Sermons. lOmo, pp. 133. Boston. 

Shurtleff, William. OhligntionB upon all Christians to Desire and Endea- 
vour the Balialion of others. A Sermon at Boston, Sept. 18, 1T41. 
8vo, pp. 27. Boston. 

BmiUi, Josiah. Sermon after a Fire at Charleston, 6. C. Nov. 16, IT40. 
8vo, pp. 33. Boston. 

Bome Itemartis upon the Times, wlierein is shcivn how, contrary to the 
Doctrine of Holy Writ, most Beets are Hewing out Cislems which 
will hold »o Water. Philadelphia. Printed for the aiiiiior. 


a discovery ot True Rtligioo, &c. 12mo, 

Spiritual Songsj nr Songs of Praise, with Penitential Cries to Alinightv 
Ood, upon several Occasions ; together with the Soug of Songs whiitli 
is Solomon's, first turned then pampbrased in EnglUli Vene. 13mo. 
Boston. Reprinted. 

Tennent, Gilbert. Remarks upon a Pnilcstation presented to the Synod 
ot Philadelphia June 1, IT41. ISmo, pp. 08. Philadelphia. 
The ool; kaown cap; extant ia Iti the Amerlciu Aatlqiurlitn Hocluly'ii lllinr;. 

Tennent, Gilbert. Sermon nu Justifieatlan at New Brunswick Aug. 1740. 
8vo, pp. 29. PbiladelpbU. 

Tennent, Gilbert. Same. Boston. 

Tennent, Gilbert. The Righteousness of the Scribes itnd Pharisees, con- 
sidered in a Sermon Preached at Boston. I3mo, pp. 10, Boston. 

Tennent, Gilbert. Discourse upon the Kingly Office of Christ. 13mn. 
Boston. Reprinted (3 editions.) 

Tennent, Gilbert. The Espousal ; or a passionate Persuasive to a Mar- 
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B<«ton. Reprinted. 

Todd, Jonathan. The Young People Warned. Or the Voice of God to 
the Young People In the laie Terrible Judgment of the Throat Dis- 
temper. A Sermon to the Yonng People at East Guilford Aug. 3, 
1740. 12mo, pp. S3. New London. 

VemoD. The Genuine Speech ot Ihe truly Honorable Admiral V n 

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on C a (C'arthagcna). Boston. 

4G0 IIisTOHT OF Printing in America. 

Wesley, John. Free Grace. A Sermon |)reacUeJ at Bristol. 
Pliiliuielpbia. Reprinted. 

8m Frti Oraiv Jndrtd. 

White, Mrs. EMzabelli. ExpcricDce of God's gracious Dealing. ISmo^V 
pp. 31. Boston. " 

Wiiiefleld, George. Lclter to the Rev. Jobn Wesley in Answer lo b 
Discuiirse on Free Grace. 3d edition. IGmo, pp. 39. Boston. 

Wbiteflcld, Georxe. Same. Philadelphia. 

Whileflcld, George. Coutinuntion of his Journal from Savannah Juo4fl 
36th, 1740, lo bis Amral at Rhode Island; hie Travels in other ao-| 
TernnientH of New Fngland, to his Departure from Stanford, COE 
neclicut for New York. lOmo, pp. 98. Boston. 

Whiieficld, George. Same. Philadelphia. 

Whitefleld, George. Continuation of his Journal from his tcAvine Nct 
England ; hie Travels through New Yurk and Philadelphia and o\' " 
places W his Arrival m England. 18mo, pp. 47. Boston. 

Wbitefield, Geoi^e. Continuation of bU Jounial from his Arrival i. 
SMvannab, bis stay there, and a pHrticuIar Account of hia DangBromfl 
Voyage till be arrived in Ireland, and fromlhence to London. •■—■- ■ 
pp. 54. Boston. 

, Wbiiefleld, Geor^ A Letter to some Church Members of the Preebyta- 
rian Persuasion in Answer to certain Bcruples and Queries relating 
to some Pusaaeiee in hia printed Sermons and other Writings. 1« 
wliicb is added Two Letters from Nathaniel LovBtruih[B. Frsnidian 
lo Mr. Whilefield. containing Eaceptlone to hia foresaid Letter, w 
edition. 12iuo. Charl^town, 8. C. 
Whitcfleld, and Tennent, their Conducland Prenching vindicated. Wher*- M 
in the Unreasonableness of the Scoffers of the present Day Is expoMllI 
and condemned. In a Letter lo a Friend. Boston. 

Whit«field, George. Sermons on Various Subjects. 8vo. Boston. 

Whilefield, Geoi^e. What think ye of ChrislT Sermon preadied oal 
Kennington Common. Bvo, pp. 30. Boston. 

Whitefleld, George. Account of the money he received (by Donatiasift 
from all purW of the Continent) to enable him to build aa Orphavl 
House in Georgia. Witli a Plan of the House. 8vo, pp. 44. BosliM..r 
Reprinted from the London edition. 

Whitefleld, George. Short Reply to his Letler which be wrote In Answtrfl 
to llie Querist, &c. 12ino, pp. (I^. Philadelphia. Printed for tul 

Wbiiefleld, George. The Querists: or an Es tract of Sundry P«a_, 
taken out of Mr. Whilefield's Sermons, Journals and Ublten. 
some Church Members of the Presbyleriun Persuasion. Sd edltiolk I 
I2U10. Charles Town, 8. C. " 

Whitefleld, George. Journal from June to October 1741. 12ma BoMoBt-V 

Wbiiefleld, George. Jonmal (heing the flret part of the 1st vol.) fToafl 
London to Gibralter, giving an Account of what Indticcd hint toltiann 
bis naUve country, and travel into Foreign Parts ; With a particitbof 
Account of his Preaching in several Parla of England, Ix^fore he tcofe 1 
Shipping. Boston. Reprinted. * 



Whliefield, Georire. Trial of Lis Spirit. In aoDie RemarkB on hia Fourth 
Journal ; published when lie ataiU in England on Account of the 
Smbargo. 8vo, pp. 46. London. Boston. Rcprintcd- 

"Walter. Nathaniel. Thoughts ot the Heart the best evidence of & Man's 
Bptritufl] Stale. IGmo, pp. 81. Boston. 

Williams, William. Discourse on Saving Faith; at Newton June 14, 
1T41. Iflmo, pp. 50. Boston. 

Kht, Johu.Esq. Speech to the Court and Grand-Jury on his Remoyal 
from the Comraisalou of thv Peace, al Ihti Quarter Seasiona held at 
Luncaater (Pa.), for tiie said County, in May 1T41. Philadelphia. 

"Walts, Isaac The Psalms of David, &c. Thirteenth edition. ISnio, 
p. 819. Boston. 
AeoirdlDg to Darcblnk Ihs lint Amntican editiOD. 

Watts, Isaac. Psalms of David, imitated in the Languai^e of the New 
Testament, and applied to Uie Christian Stale of Worship. 18th 
edition. Philadelphia. 

Webb, John. Some Plain and necessary Directions to obtain Salvation. 
In Seven Sermons. 13mo, pp. 300, Boston. 
Thia «u ■ ad «diliDU wltti Addltlona, (S«s I'm.) 

Webb, John. Christ's Suit lo the Binnar wliilu Lc stands and knocks al 

the Door. A Sermon al Boston Oct. 1T41. Boston. 
Wiggles wortli, Edward. Two piiblick Lectures on Kom. ix, 18, at Har- 
vard College. I2mo, pp. '65. Boston, 
'ilcocks, or Wilcox, Thomas. A Choice Drop of Iloncy from the Rock 

of Christ. 7th edition. 16mo, pp. 33. Boston. 
'ilcocks or Wilcox. The Same. 10th edition. With a Preface lo the 
Reader. 16mu, pp. ii, 30. Boslou. 
Willard, Samuel. Spiritual Desertions Discovered and Retnt-dled. Bos- 


WUIiuraa, Bolomon. Connecticut Election Sermon, May 14, 1741, from 
Josh, i, T. 13mo, pp. 44 New London. 
'illiams, William. Hasssachusclls ElecIioU Sermon, 1341. 8vo, p|). 53. 

Almanac. Nathaniel Ami3. Boston. 
Almanac Sower's German Aim. Germantowu, Pa. 
Almanac Jacob Taylor, Philadelphia. 
Almaoac. Poor Richard. Philadelphia. 
Almanac Poor Robin. Philadelphia. 
Almanac American Almanac. J*bitadclphiu. 

New Jersey Almanac By William Ball. Philadelphia. 
The Pocket Almanac Philadelphia. 
Tltun Leeds. Pliiladetphia. 
lonac Wm. Birkett. Philadelphia. 

iteton, Nnlbauiel. Massachusetts Electioa Sennon, May 36, 1T43. 
8vo, pp. OU. Boston. 
ihley, Jonathan. The Great Duly of Charity considered and applied, 
■ a Sermon at the Church in BWltIc Struct. Nov. 38, 1743. fcvo, pp. 

462 History of Printing in America. 

AsIiUt, Jonutlmn. PtTinoii at iha Ordination of John Norton at Decrficki, 
Nov. 25, 1741. 12nio, pp. 28. Boston. 

Bunmrd, John. Zeal for i^cmhI Works excited and directed. A Scmifm 
at the Thursday Lecture in Boston, March 26, 1742. 8vo, pp. 43. 

Bates, William. Christ in the Clouds cominj^ to Judgment 24mo, pp. 
24. Boston. 

Beckwith, George. Two Sermons at Lyme, Aug. 23, 1741. 12mo, pp.73. 
New London. 

Blair, Samuel. The Doctrine of Predestination truly and fairly stated. 
12mo, pp. 70. Philadelphia. 

Blair, Samuel. Animadversions on the Reasons which induced Alexander 
Creaghead to reeede from Ihe Presbyterian Church. 12mo. Phila- 

Bradstreet, Benjamin. Godly Sorrow deserihed, and tlie Blessing annexed 
considered. A Discourse January 28lli, 1741-2. At a Time of Great 
Awakenings. Hvo, pp. 28. BosCon. 

Bunyan, John. The Doctrine of the Law and Grace unfolded. 3d edition. 
i>p. 115. Boston. 

Burgess, Daniel. Rules for having the Word of God with certain and 
saving Jient'llt. 8vo, pp. 18. Boston. 

Burro\i«j:hs, Jeremiah. Rare Jewel of Christian Crmtentment, Containinfr 
18 Rules for obtaining this excellent Grace. Boston. 

Sec 1731. 

Caldwell, John. Nature, F«)lly und Kvil of rash and uncharitable Judg- 
ing. A Sermon at the French Meeting-House in Boston, July li, 
1742. 8vo, pp. :J7. BoHton. 

Caldwell, John. Impartial Trial of the Spirits operating in this Part of 
tlif World ; by Comparing the Nnture, Kfl'eets and Kvid«*nces, of the 
pnscnl suppos<Ml Convrrsion with tin* Word of (Jod. A Sermon 
prcaelnd at New London, Oct. 14th, 1741. Hvo, pp. 50. Boston. 

Cahlwrll, .lolm. Scrlpiurc Chjirnelcrs: or Mark of False Prophets or 
Traclicrs. A S<rnion at thr Fnneli ]M<'eling House in Boston iH-forc 
the Fresh} tery of Boston, May 2(), 1742. Kvo. pp. ;}2. Boston. 

Callender, John. The A(hanta.i:<'f^ of Karly Religion. A Sennon at 
Newport, On Rhod<' Ishind, To a Society of Young Men, January ikl, 
1741-J. 12mo, pp. ;{?. Newport. 

Catechism. Kur/er Catcchismns Vor cllichc (icmeinen Jesu aus der He- 
torinirtcn Rdi;rion in Fennsylvania, Dicsich /umalten Berner SyncMlu 
haltcn : llcran^gc^cbcn V(»n .lohannes Beelitclu. 24mo, pp.42.* Phi- 

Chainiev, Charles. The Ontpouring of the Holy Ghost. A Sermon at 
Motion, May i:{th. 1712. Hvo, pp. 415. Boston. 

Chainuy, Charles. Knthnsiasm <l<-scribed and guarded against, A S<t- 
mon at the Old Brick .Meetinir-Hon-ie. the J^ord's Day after tlie Com- 
mencement in 174*J. With a Leilctr to Rev. J. Davenport. 8vo, pp. 
27. Bo>tnn. 

Channcy, ('iiarl(>. (Jifl of the Spirit to Ministers, and the good puriKise 
it is adapted t(» serve. \ Sermon at the Thursday Lecture, Dec. 17, 
1711. Hvo, pp. 10. Boston. 

Channty, Ciiarles. A lailliful AecoUfit of the French Prophets, their 
Aiiilations, Kestacies,iVc. Added several otiier remarkalde InstaiKCS 
of Person^ under tlie like Spirit in various Parts of the Worhi. and 
[iMriiculnrly in New KiiL'land formerly. In a Letter to a Friend. 
^\ illi an Ap|)endi\. I'Jino. Bo<^ton. 


Ante-Revolution AKY Publications. 


>lra;in. Benjamin, The Grejil Oo<l hiw miignifteil Ijib Word to the Childreu 

of Men. SerinoQ ut tlif Ltictoru itt Bnslon, April 29tli, 1743. Svo, pp. 

32. Boston. 
)lmaD. The Declanttion of a nunilier of the Assoclatod Pnators of 

Boston and Clutrlestown rciatiug to llie Rvr. Mr. James DaTeD|>orL 

8vo, pp. 7. Boston. 
( Cooke, William. Great Duty of Ministers to tnke Heed to tbumselveaand 

tlictr Doctrine. A Sermon U Che Ordination of the Rev. EUaha 

Marsh at Narraganeet. ISmo, pp. 24. Bosloo. 
p'Oouper, William. Sin and Danger of Quencliiag the SniriL Two Ser- 
I ." . ,, w .. .......m; . ^~^'b Work of the 

I Cooper, William. Letter to him, Jan. 25, 174S. By J. F. 4to. 

I Cooiwr, Willinm. Remarks on his Objections to Mr. Ashlejr'a Sermon, by 

' J. F. 3d ed. 4to. Boston. 

Croswell, Andrew. Letter to tlie Rev. Mr. Tiirell in Answer 10 liis Direc- 
tion to hU People. 8vo, pp. IS. Boston. 
Croswell, Andrew. Reply to a Book lately published entitled a Display 
Df Ood's Special Orace. 8vo, pp. 2^, Boston. 

I Croswell, Andrew. Reply to the Declaration of the Hinistera of Boston 
and Charleslown with Regard to Mr. Davenport and his Conducl. 8vo, 
pp. 18. Boston. 

1 Croswell, Andrew. A Sober Reply to a Had Answer. In a Letter to 
Mr. A. Croswell, occasioned by hU Letter to Mr. E. Turell. By a 
Private Brother. 8vo, pp. 16. Boston. 

a from Bostiin 

1 the way 

' S&ven|>ort, James. Song of Praise for Joy in the Iloly Qhosl, &c. 8vo. 

Dickenson, Jonathan. Display of Ood's Special Grace, in the Conviclion 
and Conversion of Sinners in these American Parts. Wiiercin some 
uncommon Appearancesarediatinctly considered, and the Work itself 
proved to be particularly from the Holv Spirit, &c. To whicji la pre- 
fixed an AttCHtatlon by several Ministers m Boston. 12mo, pp. 111. 

I Doultitle, Thomas. Captives bonnd in Cbains niiidu free by Christ their 
Surety. I8nio, pp. 327. Boston. 

1 Awards, John. The Fniiia of Ibc Spirit considered tind explained, in a 
Discourse on the eighth Article of thi; Creed. 8Vo, pp. 8. Boston. 

V;i^warda, Jonalban. Some Tliuuj;ht!i concern ingthe present Revival of 
Religion in New England. iSmo, pp. 378. Boston. 
tewsrda, Jonathan. I'be Distinguishing Marks of a Work of the Spirit 

ofOnd. 12mo. Philadelphia. Reprinted. 
ffiot, Andrew. Sermon at liia Ordination, Boston, April 14. 1743. 8vo, 
pp. 35. Boston. 

(JBnijUlry Into the Nnlun-. 01.lig,ilinii and Advantages, of Religious Ftllow- 

I ship. Svo. Boston. 

464 History of Printing in America. 

Emerson, Joseph. Wisdom is justified of all hor Children. A Sermon in 
Boston, An •rust 26, 1742. *8vo, pp. 26. Boston. 

Emerson. Joseph. Exhortiition to his People, With Respect to Variety 
of Ministt^rs. IGmo, pp. 18. Boston. 

Erskin(\ lliilph. Gospel Stmnets, &c. (Se(; 1741.) pp. 372. Boston. 

Fuitli. Discourse on tlie Nature and Exei'lleney of Saving Faith, &c 
By a Minister in Boston. 12mo. Boston. 

Female Poliey Dettieted, or the History of Lewd Women. 12mo, pp. 200. 
Boston. Reprint. 

Finlev, Samuel. Christ Triumpliingand Satan ragin;^. Sermon at Not- 
tingham, Penn. 12mo, pp. .'{2. Boston. 

Finlev, Samuel. A Letter to a Friend [in defence of George Whitefield. 
I^o title-page. About 1742. 1 12mo, pp. 12. 

Firman, fiiles. Tlie Real Christian, or a Treatise of EtFectUHl Calling. 
12mo. Boston. 

Flavel, John. A Word to tiie Well Wishers of the Go(hI Work of GihI in 
tliis Land. 16mo, pp. 23. ]^)ston. Reprint. 

Foxeroft, Thomas. Sermon at a Family Meeting, March 3, 1742. 8vo, 
])p. 52. lioston. 

(ilanh'n, Alexander. Two Sermons preached in Charh'ston, S. C. 12nio. 
New York. 

Garden, Alexander. Doctrine of Justification, in Reply to Croswell's 
AnswiT to Mr. Garden's Three Lett<Ts on that Subject. 8vo, pp. 70. 

(Jarden, Alexander. Doctrine of Justification aetrording to the Scriptnn-s ; 
and Articles and Homilies of the (-hurch of Enii:land explained and 
vindicated. In a Lcttt^r to A. ( roswell. Hvo. Bosttm. Reprinted. 

CJay, Ebene/er. Sermon at the Ordination of Rev. Ebenezer Gay Jun., 
Sufiield, Jan. 1:5, 1T41-2. Hvo, pp. 'M. Bostcm. 

Gray, Kills. Scnnon at the Ordinution of Thaiid<Mis Maccarty, Kingston, 
\Nov. :{, 1742. Svo, p|). 10. Bnst<»ii. 

Hart, Willi.'un. I)lscoui*se on Rcireneratiou. Hvo, pj>. ^'57. New London. 

Haven, Klias. Youthful Pleasuns must be a(("Ounte<l for in tiie Day of 
Jutl;,nncnt. A Sernjon at \V rent ham. Svo, pp. ;{2. Boston. 

Ilellrnbroek, .\braham. Tak<' us the F(>\es. S(Tmon at Rottenlani. 
Translat('<l from tin- Dutch. HInio, pj). IJj. Boston. 

lIooixT, William, .lesus Christ tin- only Way to the FatluT. A Senimn 
at Boston. Hvo, p|». 22. Boston. 

Hooper, William. The .\|>osth's uriiher Impostors nor Enthusiasts. 
St-rmon at Boston, S('i)t. 1712. Hvo, pi>. tH. Boston. 

Indians. Conference of (Jovi-rnor Shirley at Fort St. Gc*or;j:e's (Maine), 
with the Saclu'insof tin- l^enolxcott, N'orridgewock, and other TriU-s, 
Au;::ust 1742. tto, pj). IH. Boston 

Jaueway, James. Invisibles, Realities Demonstrated in tlie Holy Life and 
Triumphant Death of Mr. .b)hn Janeway. 12nu), pp. KiO. * Boston. 

Jewet. .ledidiah. Necessity of tiood Works :is the Fruit and Kvidence of 
Faith. A Sermon at Portsmouth, Dec. H), 1741. Hvo,pp.27. Boston. 

Jones, Andrew. Black Book of ('onsci«nc«' ; Or (JcxI's High Court of 
.lustice in the Soul. 27th edition. Boston. 

Lord, Benjamin. Believers in Chrisi the True Childn*n of God. ])i.v 
course delivered at Boston, June 27th, 1742. bvo, pp. 42. Boston. 

I Ante-Revolutionary Publications. 465 

I Loriog. Israel. Mlnislera insufflcient ot themBelves riglitly to diseliarge 

I the Duties of their Sacred Calling. A Scnuon al Ihe Conrention of 

I Miomtcre ut Btwlon, May 37, 1T43. 12mo, pp. 39. Uoelon. 

I Xuilcwlg, B. Wahrer Bcricbl d* dato G)ennaot»wn den SOlen Februaril 

I 1T4I-3, an seine Hebe Teutsclie, iind wem es Bonst nQUtich zu wissi^Q 

I iel, wegen ecin und seiner BrDderZnsammenhangea mil PennaylTania, 

I ZD PrQruQg dur Zi-it und Uuistande au8)^tenlget ; nebst uincm P.S. 

I dedato Philndeliiliia ile lintn Fhiladelpbia Aea Stcn Martli ; und clnigen 

1 die LeLre der MflbriBchcn Kirclie aberlisnpt uud dieses ScbriflgL'n 

I inannderlieit erlaulemden Beylageu. 

I JIcGregore, David. Sermon at Btrathura, N. H., Dec. 28, 1741. 8vo. pp. 

I 30. Boston. 

I McQregore, David. Tlie Spirits ot the present Day Tried. A Tutaduy 

I Evening Luctiire al Boston, Nov. a, 1741. 8vo, pp. 30. Boston. 

I Haaaacbusells. Acts and Laws. FoL. pp. 333. Boston. 

L HaBsachusetts. A Li'ti«r to tlic Freeboldurs and oilier luliabitants of tliis 

I Province qualified to vote for Representatives. 8vo, pp. 8. Boston. 

I UassRcbuactta. Teni[iorarj Acts and Laws. Folio, pp. 354. Bostoii. 

I Matber, Cotton. Pureniawr. &c. (See 1734.) 8vo, pp. 256. Boston. 

I Reprinted. 

I Head, Math ew. Almost a Christian. 12mD, pp. ISO. Boston. Reprinted. 

[ Hoorhead. Urs. Lines addressed to the Rev. James Davenport, on bia 

' Departure from Boston, b; a Female Friend. I6dio. Boston. 

Uorrivians, Authentisebi: Relation Von dem Anlass, Furtgang und 
ScblitsaeDer am l"'" und 3 1<^» Januarii Anno 1741.^ In Oermnntoivn 
gebalien V'ersammlung Einieer Arl)eiter Derer meiston Christlichen 
Hellglonen Und Vieler vor sich aeilist Oottdienenden Cbrislen-Men- 
Bcben in Pennsylvania; Auagesetzt In Oermantown am Abend dea 
3 un obigen Honats. 4to, pp. 10. Philadelpbia. 
Jtonvians. Autbentische Nachricbt Von der Verhandlung und dcm 
Verltus Der am 14 a™ und \5 den Januarii 174U Im sogenannten 
Falckner-Schnamm An Georg Hubners Hauso gehaltenen Zwejten 
Versammlung Sowol Einiger Teutscben Arbeiter Der ETttngeliscben 
Relieionun Als Verscbiedencr einzelen treueo Gezeugeu und Ootts- 
f Urcnti^er Nacbbam. Nebsl einigen Beylagen. 4to, pp. 17-40. Phi- 
Moravians, Zuverlfiasiige Besehreibiinj; Di-r Drittcn ConferenK Der Evan- 

Sellschi'n litflifrlonun Tuutecbi^r Nation In Pennsylvania, Welcbe am 
, 10. und 11 wo Februarii 1741^ In Oley an Jobaun de Tflrcka Bause 
gchaltcD worden; SanitDenen dieses mablverfa^sten Qemcin-Scblus- 
tea. 4to, pp. 41-S6, Pbiladelpbia. 
onvians, Vierlc General Versamlung cier Kircbe OottfiS Aus alien 
Evangel isch en Religiouen In Pennsylvania, Teuiscber Natiou ; Ue- 
baltcn Zii Oermantown am 10, II, nnd 13 m» Martli imjahr, 174^. 
An Ur. Aslinicad's Uaitse. 4lo, 57-70. Pbitadelphia, 
Moraviana. Estracl aua Unaera Conferenz-Schreibers Jolian Jacob Mol- 
lere Oef urhten Protoeoll Bey der FDnften Vcrsanimlung der Qemeine 
Oottes Im Oeiat, Gebulten in Germantown 1742, den H ten April und 
folgende Tuge: Nebst einer Vorrede an die elirwiirdige Conterenz 
aller Arbeiter bey der Eircbe Jesu Cliristi in Pennsylvania. 4to, pp. 
91 to 103. Philadelphia. 
Moravians. GrQndllcbe An-und-aulTordenmg an die Ehmnblig erweckie 
beer und dar zerstreuete Seelen dieses Landes, In oder uusser Par- 
tbeyen, rur Neuen Uiiifassung, Gliedlicber Vercinignng, und Gcbetj"- 

466 History op Printing in America. 

Oemcinschaf t ; Darpfole^ aus <lrin;»endoin Ilcrzcn elnca um Heilang 
(ler Brilchc Zions lin^i^tlicli bckiimmerton Gematks, im Jahr 1736. 
4to, pp. 14. Phila(lcli)liia. 

Moravians. Etliche zii dieser Zoit nicht unndtzc Fraffcn Neber Einigc 
Schrift-Stellen, Wclc'he Von den Liebhabem der lautern Wahrheit 
deutlich cr^irttTt zu werden ^wllnsohca hat Ein Wahrbeit-Forachen- 
dcr in America, ini jahr 174id : So deutlich und cinfiiltig erOrtcrt als 
OH ihm ni(>;;li(^h gcwenen ist; und in fol/;>:endcr klarcn und boquemen 
F'onn herauHjLi^egeben Von cineni Knccbt Jesu Christi. 4to, pp. 14. 

Moravians. Auf ri(!htige Nachricht aus Publicum <lber cine von dem Hol- 
laendirthcn Pfarrer Johann Philipp Boehmon edirtc Laesher Schrift 
fi^e^en die sogenannten Ilerrnhuter, das ist die Evangeliachen BrQder 
auK Boehm(>n und Maehren ic. s.J. welche jetzt in der Forks von 
Delawan^ wohnen henuisgegeben von Ooorg Neisser aus Fehlen in 
Maehn?n und Schul-!nei.**ttT in Bethlehem. 
AdvurtUcd in Perm. Oat.^ Sept. 0, 1743. 

Moravians. Compendious Extract ; containing the chiefcst Articles of 
Doctrine, and most remarkable Tran»ictions of Count Lewis Zinzen- 
(iortr, and the Moravians. Philadelphia, lleprinted. 

Moravians. Some UtMuarks on the Pamnhlet entitled A Compendious 

Extract, containing the chiefest Articltjs of Doctrine, and the most 

remarkable Transactions of the Moravians. Philadelphia. Printed 

in German at the German Press. 

AdvurtliHid In /V;m. (iaz., Oct. 28, 1742, and announced to appear shortly in English. 

New England Psalm Book. Soth edition. 12mo, pp. 348. Boston. 

New Jersey, Body of the Laws of the Province of. Philadelphia. 

New Jersey, A Vindi(;ation of the late Assembly of. 

Onania ; or the lI<'inous Sin of Self Pollution. 12mo. Boston. Reprinted. 

Parsons, Jonathan. Wisdom just ilicd of herC-hildren. A Sermon at the 
iml)li('k L<*(turc in Boston, Sept. U), 1743. pp. 54. Boston. 

Pars()n><, .Fonatlian. \ NcMMlful Caution in a ('nti(;al Day. Discourse at 
Lynj(^ (Conn), F<'b. 4, 1741-3. I'iino, pp. 71. Ni'w London. 

Peabody, Oliver. Sermon on a (Joodand Bad lIope«)f Salvation, at New 
Nortli ('liurch, Boston, June y, 17t3. Hvo, pp. .Vi. Bost()n. 

Pennsylvania Hospital, A(r<»unt of. 4to. Pliiladelphia. 

Pennsvlvanla, Cliarlrrs of, antl ot' the City of Philadelphia. Folio, pp. 
\M). I'hiladrlpliia. 

PenuNvlvania, Colh'ction of all the Laws of tlie Province of. With the 
Cljartrr of the Proviiur, iVc. Folio, pp. 0(M). Piiiladelphia. 
An .\i)|M'u<ll.\, (M)iiiuiuiiiir tlu' Uiw- now cxplrt'd. altered, or repealed, 

PiekeriuLC, TlH'ophilus. Lrttrrsto the K<tv. Messrs. Nathaniel Uogers, an<l 
Daniel Roi^rr^, of Ipswich, with llM'ir .\nswer to Mr. P.'s lirst L«'ttrr, 
iV:<'. Svo, p|». 30. Boston. 

Plea for Pun* ami nudctibMl Kcliirion. A<l(iress<'d to Col. Jamis (far- 
diner. Hvo. New York. Keprinled fnun the London editions. 

Prince, Nailian. Constitution and (fovernment of Harvard University, 
frofn its foundation in \^VM\ to 1743. 4lo, pp 4:j. (No date, j^robahlv 

Prince, Nathan. Same. Kol.,|)p.37. (Noplaceof publication or printer's 

IJauil, William. Miiii>ters should have a sincere and ardent Lovi* to the 
Souls (jf their Peoi>le. A Sermon at Uoatllown at the Ordination of 
Abraham llill. hv(», pj). 34. Bo.^ton. 

Ante-Re VOLUTION ART Publications. 467 

Bussell, Sitmoel. Man's Liublencss to be deceivn) uliout ReliKion. Sei^ 

,t Weat Hnven, Sept. 30, 1741. 12mo. p|>. B3. New London. 
SnTing FuiUi. Discourse on its Nniure and Encellcncj. IGmo, pp. 36. 

Beslimy, Samnel. A Sermon at New London, Sundny the Slat or Pehru- 

arj, 1741-2. 16mo, pp. 22. New London. 
Seccomb, Joseph. Some occasional TLoughta on the Influence of Ihe 

SpiriL Svo, pp. 17. Boston, 
Sermon on the Resurrecliouof ourLord, on Eoater Sunday, from John si, 
'" Philadelphia. 

lo love the Lord 
13mo, pp. 81. 

Bewail, Joseph. Second Commandment like to the first, Thou shall love 
thy neiglihor us thyself. A Sermon at the Thursday Lecture ia Boa- 
ton, Uay B, 1743. 8vo, pp. 30. Boston. 

Bewail. Joseph. God's People miiBt Enijuire of him lo bestow the Bless- 
ings promised. A Sermon, Feb. 20, 1741, at the South Church, &c. 
aVo, pp. aO. Boston. 

Bhepard, Thomas. Sincere Convert. ISmo. Boston. Reprinted. 
Shcpord, Thomas. The Sound Believer. A Treatise upon Evangeiirtil 

Conversion. 13mo, pp. iv, 358, Boston. 
Smith, Josiah. Tlie Doctrine and Ghiry of the Saint's Resurrection. A 

Uiscourse in Charlcslown. April 33lh, 1743, to the Memory of Mra. 

Uannali Dart, 8vo, pp, 10. Boslon. 

Smith, B. The Compleat Housewife, 12nio. Williamsburg, V». 

Btoddard, Samuel. The Safety of Appearing at the Day of Judgment in 
the Rigbleousness of Christ, Opened and Applied. 8d edition. " 
pp, 8W. Boston. , 

TennenT, Gilbert. Two SemionB at New Brunawicli, N. J. in 1741. 12mo, 
jip. 87. Boston. 

Tennent, Gilbert. Examination and Refutation of his Remarks npon the 
Pmteslalion presented lo tlie Synod in Philadelphia. June 1, 1741, 
And the said Prote«l set in its true Light and juatlfled. By some 
members of the Synod. Philadelphia, 

See 1T41. 

Tennent, Dr. John. Essay on the Pleurisy. Philadelphia. 

Tennent, Dr. John. Snme. 12mo. New York. 

Thirsty (The) invited to come and lake the Waters of Life freely. A 

Sermon at the South Moctlng-Uouse in Boston, March S, 1741, 3. pp. 

24. Boston. 


History of Printing in America. 

Tlioiupaon, John. The Governtuent of the Church of ChriBt, and U 

Auilmrily of Church Judicawries. esWblisliert on a Scripiiirnl Foe 

dation, Ac. Bvinv an Esamination of two I'apcre brought in by \\. _ 

of liie Protesting Brelhreu, aud read publicly in open Synod In M^V 

1T40: And also aD Apolrigy broughl in, aubscribed tij the Protesling'J 

Brethren, and read also in open Syaod in May 1730. Pliiladelphia. * 
Tutell, Ebenezcr. Directions to hia People with Relation to the Fruent J 

Times. 12ino, pp. 15. Bostou. (3 edillons.) 
Turell, EbeneKcr. Dialogue belwuua a Miniater and bis Neighbour 

the Times. Added, An Answer to Mr. I. Lee's Romnrks on a F 

in the Preface of his Direction to bis People, etc 2d edition. 

pp. 24 Boston. 
Walter, Nallinnlel. HeBvenlyand Go^ -like Zeal the grand CharacWrrislttl 

of a true C'lirislian. A Discourse at the Publick Lecture in Bostoo. f 

WalU, Isaac Psalms. 18th edition. Philadelphia. 
Whitefleld, George. A Short Narrative of the Extraoniinary Works U-l 

CambuslBitg in Scotland. 12niD. Philadelphia, lit'printed. 
Whltefield, Geoipj. Same. Bvo, pp. 34. Boston. Reprinted. 
Whitefield, George. 

Sept. 11, 1T4L, in 

Boston. Reprinted. 
Whltefield, George. A Lecture on the Prodigal Son, delivered on Boatoi 

Common, 1740. Aflerwanla in the lligh Church Yard of C 

Bept, 1, 1741. Boston. 
Whitefield, George. Vindication and Confirniation of the remaikaM 

Work of Goa in New England. 8¥o. Boston. 
Whltefield, George. The Marriage of Cans. A Sermon. Fblladelphlb I 
Williaras, Solomon. The More Excellent Way. A Sermon ni OoshenisJ 

Lebanon, December 21, 1741. 4to, pp. ilQ. New Londoa. 
Williams, Solomon. The Ci)uifi>rl and Blessedaesa of being at Home iD I 

God. Sermon. 18mo, pp. 38. New London. 
WilliamB Solomon. Sermon at Mansfield, Conn, , Aug. 4, 1741. lOma^' I 

pp. 28. Boston. 
Williams, Solomon. Substance of Two Discourses at Lebanon, Conn, 

Sept. 18, 1741, on oceasion uf two Deaths by Drowning, lamo, pi>. 

44. New London. 
Wright, S. A Treatise o( being Born Again, without wliieh n 

be saved, &c. 17th edition. lUmo, pp. 108. Boston. 
Zinzendnrf, Count. Remarks desired of the Rev. of Thurenstcin, Forth* J 

lime Pastor of the Lutheran Cungrcgation in Philadelphia. ISmo* f 

pp. 24. Philadelphia. 


Adams, Rev. Joseph, Letter to the Rev, Thomas Barnard of Net 

with Mr. Barnard's Answer. 8vo, pp, 18, Boston. 
Alleine, Joseph. Alarm to Unconverted Sinncre. ISmo. Boslon 

Almanac. Nathaniel Ames. Boston. 
Almanac. R. Saunders. Boston. 
Almanac. William Nadir, (Dr, Douglass ) Boston. 
Alinuiiuc. TiUin Lei'ds. Piiiladelphia, 

Ante Revohttiosary Publications. 


Almanac Jcnna's. Pblladelphiii, 

AlmKDSc. New Jersey. By Wtn. liall. Pliiladclpliis. 

Almanac Jacob Taylor. Pliiladelpliia. 

Almanac. John Jcrman. Pliiludelpbiit. 

Almanac. Sower's Gennan. Germantown, Pa. 

Almanac. P[>or Richard. Pliiladetphia. 

Almanac. Pocket. Philadelpliia. 

Almanac. Wm. Birkell. Philadelphia. 

Applelnn, Nathaniel. FaiLhfiil Ministers of Chvist llie Salt of llie Earth, 
and the Llglil of the World. A Sermon before the Ministers of the 
Province of Uaasachusctta Bay at the Annual Convention in Boston, 
May 26, 1743. 8vo, pp. .5«. Boston. 

Appleton, Nathaniel. Discouraea on Roraana viii, 14 ISmo, pp. 315. 

Ashley, Jonathan. Great Concern of Christ for the Salvation of Sinners ; 
S«rmon at the Ordination of Bev. Samuel Eondall at Ncw-Salem. 
870, pp. 30. Boston. 

Aflh^, Jonathan. Letter to the Rev. William Cooper, in Answer to his 

! Ot^eaiooB to Ur. Ashley's Sermon. 4tD, pp. 7. Boston. 

Hnbly of Paalors of Churchea in New England, July_ T, 1743. Testi- 
mony and Advice occauioned by the late liappy Revival of Religion. 
8vo, pp. SI. Boston. 

Balcli, William. Sermon at Bradford, Jan. S3, 1743-3. ISmo, pp. 36. 

Balch. William. Sermon at the Bradford Lecture, Feb. 3, 1743-a 8to, 
pp. 31. Boston. 

)nrd, Thomas. Tyranny and Slavery In Matters of Religion Cautioned 
aff^usL Sermon at Haverhill, April 27, 1743, al tlie Ordination of 
Edward Barnard. Svo, pp. 3a, Boston. 

Barnard, Tliomas. Letter to Joseph Adams. 8vo. Boston. 


BiblU, Das ist: Die Helligu Schrift Alies und Neues Testaments, Nach 
der Deulschen T7eb«rsetzung D. Martin Luthers, Mit jedea Capllela 
kurizBU Summaricn, nuch beyeenigien vielen und rlchtigen Parllelen ; 
Nebst olaem Anhang Dcs dritten und vierten Bucha EsrA und des 
dritlen Buchs der Maccabfier. Germantown ; Gedrucht bey Chrlsloph. 

The llnl Bible prinud In ihla connlry la « Saropota luiinuea. la coIIbIIoil Bea 
CT HaUaghatt't Anurican SUHa. p. ^ 

tOair, Rev- Samuel. Persuasive to Repentance. Philadelphia. 

id. Col. Manual E.iercise. Boston. 

on. Thomas. Nature and Necessity of Rciicneralion. 13mo. pp. 71. 

Boston. Reprinted. 
Brief Account of the Pious Life and j'>yfnl Death of Mrs. Elizabeth Pratt, 

who died at Lynn, Aug. 18, 1741,in the 35th Year of her Age. Boaton. 
Bucknam. Nathan. ISermon at the North Precinct in Shrewsbuir, Uass., 

Oct. 26, 1743, at the Ordination of Bt>enezer Morae. 8vo. Boston. 
Bury. Mrs. Elizabeth, an Account of her Life and Death ; who died May 

11, 1730, aged 78. ChleOy collected out of her own Diary. Together 

with her Elegy by Dr. Watts. 4lli edition. 13mu. Boston. 
Cabot, Marslon. Sermon at Tiiompson, Conueciicul,Oel. 17,1743. ISmo. 




History of Printing in America. 

Caldwell. Jolin. Answer to the Appendix of tlio secuDd ctUUun at Mr. 

Gregorie's Sermon on lliu Trial <i[ llie Spirits, &c. Bvo, pp. 24. finBlon. 
Campbell, Ji:lin. TrcAliac on Conversion, Faith Had Jueliflcalion. 9to, 

pp. 320. Boston. 
Calaiogiie of Yale College Library. 13ino, pp. 48. New London. 

PerluM the 3d Catalogae of a public Library printed In tfala Conotrj. BeiiriBlad 

Chauncy, Cbarles. Seasonable TlimighiH on Uie Slate of Religion in New 
England. 8to, pp. 30, 18, 424 Boston, 
AsalDit WhiUlBid and bis raUowen. 

Cliauncy, Charles, The Lnte Religious Commoiions in New England 
Considered. An Answer lo Hr. Jonalhan Edwards' Sermon. Entillcdi 
The DistinguiuljinK Marlts of a Work of the Bpiril of Ood. Applied to 
that Uncommon Operation thut has lalelv appeared ou the Minds of 
Many of the people of this Land. In a letl£r to a friend ; tiigetfair 
wiih a prelkce, containinR an eianiinailon of ihe Rev. Mr. Wm. Cooper's 
Preface lo Mr. Edwards' Sermon. 8to, pp. 20-40. Boston. 

Clap, Thomas. Catalogue of the Library of Yule College. 16mo, pp. 36, 
New Londnu. 

Clap, Thorn na. Introduction lo the Study of Philosophy. IGmo. New 

Colmnn, Bci^aniin. Letter lo John Sergeant of Slockbridge, wilb SeF- 
^(-nnt's Letter respecting the Education of Indian Children. 8ro. 


The Glory of God In the Firmament of bis Power. 
1, 1743. 8vo, pp. iv, 33. Boston. 
Dr. Colnian's Return ii 
Boston, Aug. 33, 1743. 

1 Compliance with Mr Scr- 

Colniun. Ber^amln. 

geanl's Request. 

See 9ergeani, Jobn. 

Convention of Ministers. The Testimony and Advice of an Assembly of 
Pastors of Ohurchi's in New England, July 7, 174a. Occasioned iiy 
l^e Revival of Religion. Added Attestations from a Number of tbeir 
Brethren. 8vo, pp. 31. Boston, [n. d.] 

Corbel, John. Enquiry inU) tlie Stale of hia own Soul, *C. (See 1681) 
3d edition. 13mo, pp. 80. Boston. 

Croswell, Andrew. Reply lo J. Dickinson's " Display of Qod'e Specitl 
Grace." 8vo. Boslon. 1743. 

Currencv. Tlioughts upon Ihe State of the Paper Currency in New Eng- 
lanti, 4U), pp. 53. Boston. 

Declaration of the Presbyteries of Ntjw Brunswick and New Castle, met 
at Philadelphia, May 26, 1743. Philadelphia. 

Dialogue lietwecn Evangelist and Despcrantius. To which is prefixed an 
ifymn agreeable thereto. Also a Sea-Comparison spiritualized: and 
an Hymn lo Iho Author of the Wandering Spirit, upou his Writmg a 
biiter Satyr amiinsl Rev. Mr. Whitefield, added. Likewise a SpileAil 
Letter from Scotland, and iis Answer. CollecttKl and prefaced by 
Magnus Palconar. Pbllitdelphia. 

Dickinson, Jonathan. Disjilay of God's Special Grace, in Familiar Dia- 
logue's. 13mo, pp. X, 74. Philadelphia. 

Dickinson, Jonallian. Sermon al Newark, May 7, 1740. (3 edilluDS.) 
ISmo, pp. 33. Bodion. 

on, Jonathan. The Natun; and Necessity of RegeDeraliun. Ber- 
D at Newark.N. J., Jan. 19, 1T42-Uf, wiili Remarks on Watcrlaod'* 
IHscoutso. 16uio, pp. 06. New York. 

Ante-Revolutionary Publication's. 471 

Dickinson, Jonathan. Same. Boston. 

Dickinson, Jonathan. Defence of the Dialogue entitled a Display of Qod*8 
Special Grace, against the Exceptions made to it by Andrew Croswell, 
in a Letter to him from the Author of that Book. 8vo, pp. 46. Boston. 

Discourse concerning Paper Money. Philadelphia. 

Doolittle, Benjamin. Enquiry into Enthusiasm. Being an Account of 
what it is, the Origin, Progress, and Effects of it 12mo, pp. 87. Boston. 

Doolittle, Thomas. Captives bound in Chains made Free by Christ their 
Surety, &c. Boston. 
See 1742. 

Edwards, Jonathan. Some Thoughts concerning the present Revival of 
Religion in New England ; in a Treatise on that Subject, in five Parts, 
pp. 50. Boston. 

Edwards, Jonathan. Sermon at the Ordination of Jonathan Judd. 8vo, 
pp. 50. Boston. 

Edwards, Jonathan. Discourses on Various Subjects nearly concerning 
Salvation. Delivered at Northampton Chiefly in the Time of the late 
wonderful pouring out of the Spint of God there. Philadelphia. (?) 

Eells, Nathaniel. Massachusetts Election Sermon, 1743. 8vo, pp. 43. 

Erskine, Ralph. Gospel Sonnets or Spiritual Son^. 7th edition, with 
Additions and Improvements. 12mo, pp. xiv, 24, 270. Boston. 

Erskine, Ralph. Paraphrase ; or laree Explanatory Poems on the whole 
of Solomon's Songs. Boston. Reprinted. 

Finley, Samuel. Satan stripped of his Angelick Robes. With an Appli- 
cation to the Moravians. Philadelphia. 

Finley, Samuel. Refutation of Mr. Thompson's Sermon on the Doctrine 
of Convictions. 12mo, pp. 71. Philadelphia. 

Fisher, Edward. Marrow of Modern Divinity. Tenth edition. 12mo. 

Flavel, John. Teaching of God, &c. Philadelphia. Reprinted. 

Fleming, Robert. Fulfilling of the Scripture ; or an Essay shewing the 
exact Accomplishment of the Word of God in his Works, pp. xxiv, 
xii, 522. Boston. Reprinted. 

Fox, G. Instructions for Right Spelling, and Plain Directions for Reading 
and Writing True English, &c. lOmo, pp. 120. Boston. 

Franklin, Benjamin. Proposal for Promoting Useful Knowledge, &c. 
Philadelphia, 14 May, 1743. 
Printed aH a circular. 

Gee, Joshua. Letter to Nathaniel Eells, Moderator of the late Convention 
of Pastors in Boston ; containing some Remarks on their printed Tes- 
timony against several Errors, «&c. 8vo, pp. 17. Boston. 

Gee, Joshua. Same. 2d edition. 8vo, pp. 17. Boston. 

Goiiffe, Thomas. Young Man's Guide through the Wilderness of this 
VVorld to the Heavenly Canaan. Boston. 

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